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Sample records for deng bian zhu

  1. The impression on Bian Yukuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆定纲

    2006-01-01

    He is a famous Chinese magic artist,a well reputed entrepreneur in exploiting the cultural market,a pioneer in reforming literary troupe system,and a cultural emissary who have made a great contribution to promote cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries.This man is Bian Yukuan, the winner of 2004 Gold Chrysanthemum Long-Life Achieve- ment Awards.the establisher and president of Malaysia Inter- national Cultural Exchange Co.,Ltd.

  2. Deng Xiaoping in Our Hearts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    AS Deng Xiaoping passed away in February, the Chinese people once again suffered of the grief of losing their leader. As a great man, Deng Xiaoping has left his name shining through the ages of Chinese history. As a renowned son of the Chinese people, Deng maintained close contact with the ordinary people. At the memorial, many leaders of the All China Women’s Federation (ACWF) recalled Comrade Deng Xiaoping in their hearts.

  3. IN MEMORIAM PROFESSOR DONGGAO DENG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lizhong Peng; Lixin Yan

    2009-01-01

    @@ Donggao Deng, professor of mathematics, the associate Editor of ATA, was born in June 8, 1935 in Rongqi Town, Shunde City, Guangdong Province, China. He passed away by illness in Guangzhou on October 21, 2007.

  4. The Private Life of Deng Xiaoping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XiWen

    2004-01-01

    AUGUST 22 marked the centenary of Deng Xiaoping's birth. During his. lifetime, Deng Xiaoping was punctilious about keeping his political and family lives separate. Seven years after his death, one hundred books extolling his many virtues have been published across China. In contrast to previous works that concentrate on the late leader's political and military achievements, however, those recently in print look at the ordinary life of this extraordinary person.

  5. Deng Xiaoping’s Three Marriages (Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    IN February 1931, Deng Xiaoping returned to Shanghai after he had finished his work in Guangxi, where as a political commissar, within two years he organized the Seventh and Eighth Front Armies of the Chinese Workers-Peasants Red Army and set up

  6. Romatoid Artritte Postural Denge ve Dusme Riski

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Inanir

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Amac: Bu calismanin amaci Romatoid Artritin denge ve dusme riski uzerine olan etkilerini degerlendirmektir. Gerec ve yontem: Calismaya toplam 70 olgu dahil edildi; bireylerin 35’i Romatoid artrit (11 erkek, 24 kadin, 35’i ise saglikli gonullulerden (16 erkek, 19 kadin olusmakta idi. Hastalar ve saglikli gonulluler denge ve dusme riski acisindan Biodekx Denge Sistemi (BDS ile degerlendirildi. Bulgular: Romatoid Artritli hastalarin yas ortalamasi 46.47±9.47 yil, kontrol grubunun ise 42.97±9.12 yil idi. Gruplar yas ve vucut kitle indeksi (VKI acisindan degerlendirildiginde istatistiksel olarak anlamli fark saptanmadi (sirasiyla, p=0.129, p=0.207. Gruplar Genel Stabilite Indeksi (GSI ve Antero-Posterior Stabilite Indeksi(APSI acisindan degerlendirildiginde istatistiksel olarak anlamli fark tespit edildi (sirasiyla, p<0.001 ve p=0.004. Benzer sekilde, Medio-Lateral Stabilite Indeksi (MLSI ve Dusme Riski Indeksi (DRI acisindan degerlendirildiginde de istatistiksel olarak anlamli fark saptandi (sirasiyla, p<0.001 ve p<0.001. Sonuc: Bu sonuclara gore, calismamizda Romatoid Artritin denge bozuklugu ve dusme riski ile iliskili oldugu ortaya konulmustur. [Cukurova Med J 2013; 38(1.000: 72-77

  7. The Deng algorithm in higher dimensions

    CERN Document Server

    Nyonyi, Y; Govinder, K S

    2014-01-01

    We extend an algorithm of Deng in spherically symmetric spacetimes to higher dimensions. We show that it is possible to integrate the generalised condition of pressure isotropy and generate exact solutions to the Einstein field equations for a shear-free cosmological model with heat flow in higher dimensions. Three new metrics are identified which contain results of four dimensions as special cases. We show graphically that the matter variables are well behaved and the speed of sound is causal.

  8. Prof. Zhu Zuoyan Met with ISI Delegation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Xiuping; Chen Huai

    2007-01-01

    @@ On March 27, Prof. Zhu Zuoyan, Vice President of NSFC, met with a three-member delegation from the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), USA headed by Dr. James Testa, Director of Editorial Development of ISI.

  9. Thorium and uranium redox-active ligand complexes; reversible intramolecular electron transfer in U(dpp-BIAN)2/ U(dpp-BIAN)2(THE)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schelter, Eric John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wu, Ruilian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Scott, Brian L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thompson, Joe D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Batista, Enrique R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morris, David E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kiplinger, Jaqueline L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    Actinide complexes of the redox-active ligand dpp-BIAN{sup 2-} (dpp-BIAN = bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)acenaphthylene), An(dpp-BIAN){sub 2}(THF){sub n} (An = Th, n = 1; An = U, n = 0, 1) have been prepared. Solid-state magnetic and single-crystal X-ray data for U(dpp-BIAN){sub 2}(THF){sub n} show when n = 0, the complex exists in an f{sup 2}-{pi}*{sup 4} configuration; whereas an intramolecular electron transfer occurs for n = 1, resulting in an f{sup 3}-{pi}*{sup 3} ground configuration. The magnetic data also indicate that interconversion between the two forms of the complex is possible, limited only by the ability of THF vapor to penetrate the solid on cooling of the sample. Spectroscopic data indicate the complex exists solely in the f{sup 2}-{pi}*{sup 4} form in solution, evidenced by the appearance of only small changes in the electronic absorption spectra of the U(dpp-BIAN){sub 2} complex on titration with THF and by measurement of the solution magnetic moment m d{sub 8}-tetrahydrofuran using Evans method. Electrochemistry of the complexes is reported, with small differences observed in wave potentials between metals and in the presence of THF. These data represent the first example of a well-defined, reversible intramolecular electron transfer in an f-element complex and the second example of oxidation state change through dative interaction with a metal ion.

  10. Tunable Electrochemical and Catalytic Features of BIAN- and BIAO-Derived Ruthenium Complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazari, Arijit Singha; Das, Ankita; Ray, Ritwika; Agarwala, Hemlata; Maji, Somnath; Mobin, Shaikh M; Lahiri, Goutam Kumar

    2015-05-18

    This article deals with a class of ruthenium-BIAN-derived complexes, [Ru(II)(tpm)(R-BIAN)Cl]ClO4 (tpm = tris(1-pyrazolyl)methane, R-BIAN = bis(arylimino)acenaphthene, R = 4-OMe ([1a]ClO4), 4-F ([1b]ClO4), 4-Cl ([1c]ClO4), 4-NO2 ([1d]ClO4)) and [Ru(II)(tpm)(OMe-BIAN)H2O](2+) ([3a](ClO4)2). The R-BIAN framework with R = H, however, leads to the selective formation of partially hydrolyzed BIAO ([N-(phenyl)imino]acenapthenone)-derived complex [Ru(II)(tpm)(BIAO)Cl]ClO4 ([2]ClO4). The redox-sensitive bond parameters involving -N═C-C═N- or -N═C-C═O of BIAN or BIAO in the crystals of representative [1a]ClO4, [3a](PF6)2, or [2]ClO4 establish its unreduced form. The chloro derivatives 1a(+)-1d(+) and 2(+) exhibit one oxidation and successive reduction processes in CH3CN within the potential limit of ±2.0 V versus SCE, and the redox potentials follow the order 1a(+) oxidation and primarily BIAN- or BIAO-based successive reduction processes. The aqua complex 3a(2+) undergoes two proton-coupled redox processes at 0.56 and 0.85 V versus SCE in phosphate buffer (pH 7) corresponding to {Ru(II)-H2O}/{Ru(III)-OH} and {Ru(III)-OH}/{Ru(IV)═O}, respectively. The chloro (1a(+)-1d(+)) and aqua (3a(2+)) derivatives are found to be equally active in functioning as efficient precatalysts toward the epoxidation of a wide variety of alkenes in the presence of PhI(OAc)2 as oxidant in CH2Cl2 at 298 K, though the analogous 2(+) remains virtually inactive. The detailed experimental analysis with the representative precatalyst 1a(+) suggests the involvement of the active {Ru(IV)═O} species in the catalytic cycle, and the reaction proceeds through the radical mechanism, as also supported by the DFT calculations.

  11. [Pt(mesBIAN)(tda)]: a near-infrared emitter and singlet oxygen sensitizer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachford, Aaron A; Hua, Fei; Adams, Christopher J; Castellano, Felix N

    2009-05-28

    The synthesis and subsequent photophysical investigation of [Pt(mesBIAN)(tda)], where mesBIAN is bis(mesitylimino)acenaphthene and tda is tolan-2,2'-diacetylide, reveal excited-state characteristics best described as triplet charge transfer ((3)CT) in nature upon visible light excitation. Large ground-state dipole moments are apparent as the absorption spectrum dramatically red-shifts with decreasing solvent polarity. The (3)CT excited state is significantly lower in energy than the ligand-centered (3)tda excited-state, as confirmed by steady-state and time-resolved techniques. Singlet oxygen sensitization studies demonstrate that (1)O(2) production occurs by diffusive quenching from the photo-excited (3)CT state (Phi(Delta) = 0.24, lambda(max) approximately 1270 nm) in oxygen-saturated dichloromethane.

  12. The Nonrelativistic Scattering States of the Deng-Fan Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bentol Hoda Yazarloo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The approximately analytical scattering state solution of the Schrodinger equation is obtained for the Deng-Fan potential by using an approximation scheme to the centrifugal term. Energy eigenvalues, normalized wave functions, and scattering phase shifts are calculated. We consider and verify two special cases: the l=0 and the s-wave Hulthén potential.

  13. An Interview with Chess Master Zhu Chen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    An Unforgettable Championship Interviewer (I): Before the Chinese Women’sChess Team won its first team title in the 33rd InternationalOlympic Chess Competition held in Russia in October 1998, allof you thought the competition would be stiff, didn’t you?ZHU CHEN (Zh): We had scored only moderately well againstthe Lithuanian, German and Czechoslovakian teams, whichworried our coach and captain so much that they encouraged usto fight with the spirit the Chinese people had shown incombating the floods in 1998. So you can see how difficult the

  14. A Functional Analysis on the Translations Of Deng Guanquelou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Xiao-ting

    2016-01-01

    Systemic functional linguistics is correlated with the translation study for the theory can be applied to analyze and eval-uate the translations. The poem Deng Guanquelou and its translated versions can be approached and compared within the Halli-dayan framework in so far as the translation processes and details can be better comprehended and described. The applicability and operability of functional grammar can be validated by virtue of the analysis of the translations.

  15. Deng Xiaoping’s Three Marriages (Ⅰ) Mother Zhang Xiyuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    In September 1993, the long biography My Father Deng Xiaoping (Book One), by Xiao Rong, Deng Xiaoping’s youngest daughter, was published. With vivid descriptions and precious historical materials, the book reveals the work and life of Deng Xiaoping, the general designer of China’s reform and opening, world-renown statesman and social activist. Like a flashback, this 460,000-word book describes Deng’s ancestors and patriarchal clan and his revolutionary career before 1949.In the introduction, the author wrote, "Father and his comrades-in-arms are a generation whose fates are closely related to the whole century, a generation who have written and created history and a generation who have devoted all their lives to the motherland and her people."I had the desire to write about my father hidden in my mind for a long time. I wanted to write about my father because I’m often at his side and I think I know him. I want to write about my father because I respect him."My real intention is to tell all what I know,

  16. Dr. Lin Zhu's Clinical Experience in Treating Mental Disorders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Xueqing; Wang Xinzhong

    2005-01-01

    @@ Mental disorders are mainly caused by the emotional factors. Chief physician Lin Zhu, a famous TCM doctor in Beijing, is very good at treating this kind of disorders. The following is a summary of Prof. Lin's experience in this aspect.

  17. Relativistic Treatment of Spinless Particles Subject to a Rotating Deng-Fan Oscillator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Shi-Hai

    2011-01-01

    The bound state solutions of the Klein-Gordon equation with the rotating Deng-Fan molecular potential are presented by using a proper approximation to the centrifugal term within the framework of equal scalar and vector Deng-Fan potentials. It is shown that the solutions can be expressed by the generalized hypergeometric functions. The normalized wavefunctions are also derived.

  18. 朱琪%Zhu Qi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳慧

    2014-01-01

    朱琪,1935年生,原卫生部中国健康教育研究所研究员,历任行为教育、疾病预防、性病艾滋病预防教育研究室主任。1980年代后期,因致力于艾滋病预防教育而进入性学研究领域,着重性道德教育研究。曾任卫生部艾滋病专家咨询委员会委员、中国性学会秘书长、副理事长、《中国性科学》杂志主编、北京心理卫生协会副理事长等。现任北大医学部性学研究中心研究员。%Zhu Qi,born in 1935,a researcher at the China Institute of Health Education of the former Min-istry of Health,served as the office director of behavioral education,disease prevention and AIDS prevention educa-tion.Dedicated AIDS prevention education,he set foot in the field of sexology research in the late 1980s,focusing on sexual morality education.He once severed as a committee member of the former Ministry of Health AIDS Expert Advisory Committee,Secretary -General and Vice Chairman of the China Sexology Association and chief editor of the Chinese Journal of Human Sexuality and vice president of Beijing Mental Health Association.He is now a re-search in the Sexology Research Center of Peking University Health Service Center.

  19. Ranking solvent interactions and dielectric constants with [Pt(mesBIAN)(tda)]: A cautionary tale for polarity determinations in ionic liquids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Gary A; Rachford, Aaron A; Castellano, Felix N; Baker, Sheila N

    2013-04-02

    The solvatochromic properties of [Pt(mesBIAN)(tda)] are studied in traditional molecular solvents and ionic liquids and duly compared along established empirical solvent parameter scales. The charge-transfer absorption band of [Pt(mesBIAN)(tda)] is determined to be primarily dependent upon solvent acidity and dipolarity. Notably, ionic liquids do not obey the same well-behaved trend as molecular solvents, highlighting the complexity and domain (nano)segregation inherent to ionic liquids.

  20. [On Bian Que and the culture of witch doctor of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group as viewed from the Picture of Bian Que's Needling in the stone-carved figure of Han Dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, J P; Wang, Z G; Lu, X

    2016-01-28

    The culture of witch doctor of the Eastern Ethnic Yi Group exerted profound influence on early acupuncture art and medicine. There is a score of Bian Que's Needling Picture in the stone-carved figure unearthed in Shandong Province, demonstrating the origin of acupuncture in the region of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group. Bian Que, with the identity of witch doctor, and"doctor stone needling witch"with the legend of a professional acupuncturing indicates the important influence of witch doctor on the origin of acupuncture art.The archeological discovery of tortoise shell, divination carved on bones, and conical needles all buried together in the Da-wen-kou culture indicates that the earliest therapy witch doctor applied was related to needling. As a representative of the Eastern Yi Ethnic Group, Bian Que,"the Father of Medical Prescription"was the embryonic form of early acupuncture art, promoted the formation and development of early medical theory, the theory of pulse feeling, being the important part of the early stage of origin of needling-pulse feeling theory.

  1. Rapid determination of polysaccharides in BianTi Soft extract by spectrophotometry coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minxia Zheng

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A simple approach for the rapid determination of polysaccharides in BianTi Soft Extract using spectrophotometry coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS was developed. The mixed standard solution composed of D-glucose, D-mannose, galactose and D-xylose in different proportions (1.00: 1.01: 0.12: 0.05 was prepared according to the monosaccharide composition analysis of the polysaccharides by GC-MS. The determination of polysaccharides by UV-Vis spectrophotometer was performed after 35-min color reaction, in which 1 ml 5% phenol and 4 ml sulfate was used. The assay of the method validation has shown that the method was stable, reliable and feasible. Furthermore, the proposed method was successfully applied in the preparation procedure of BianTi Soft Extract, selecting out optimal decoction conditions and suitable decoction container. It suggests that the convenient method could be useful for the quality control of BianTi Soft Extract. Meanwhile, it may be an alternative for polysaccharides determination of other formulations.

  2. [ZHU Lian's New Acupuncture Academic System and acupuncture science initialization].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shujian; Zhang, Lijian

    2015-11-01

    Acupuncture scientization was a consensus of most of acupuncture scholars who had long-term perspectives in the 20th century, among them Ms. ZHULian was the important one. Ms. ZHU Lian built a systemic new acupuncture" academic structure in practice and theory aspects. At the same time, as the main architect of Institute of Acupuncture-moxibustion of China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ms. ZHU Lian was the first one who began to carry out the acupuncture clinical trail and laboratory experiment in modern way, which meant "acupuncture therapy" was transformed into "acupuncture science" by Ms. ZHULian's endeavor.

  3. Dr.Zhu Hongming's Experience in Treating Chronic Gastritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱传伟

    2004-01-01

    @@ Dr. Zhu Hongming has engaged in TCM internal medicine for more than 40 years and accumulated rich clinical experience, especially in the treatment of diseases of the spleen and stomach. The following is a brief introduction to his experience in TCM differential treatment of chronic gastritis.

  4. Prof. Zhu Zuoyan Met with Director General of ANR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan Yingjie; Lu Rongkai

    2007-01-01

    @@ On Feb. 2, 2007, Prof. Zhu Zuoyan, Vice President of NSFC met with Ms. Jacqueline Lecourtier, Director General of the French National Research Agency (Agence Nationale de la Recherche, ANR) and Mr.Bernard Belloc, the Science and Technology Counselor of the French Embassy in China.

  5. Teacher Bian-zhi Bank:New Mechanism of Teacher "Bian-zhi" Allocation in Compulsory Education Stage Under Background of Urbanization%教师编制银行——城镇化背景下义务教育教师编制配置的新机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜超; 邬志辉

    2015-01-01

    Educational population mass lfow becomes a new normal phenomenon under the background of urbanization. Educational population mass flow increases in demand of teacher flow. Many influent factors of teacher flow can be focused on teacher "Bian-zhi"problem. Traditional allocation mode of "teacher Bian-zhi" has some obvious disadvantages. Teacher "Bian-zhi" marketing conforms to the trend of government function innovation. Teacher "Bian-zhi" bank——including six basic elements "vacancy area, redundant area, deposition Bian-zhi, loan Bian-zhi, Bian-zhi interest, Bian-zhi principal"——is a beneifcial exploration to teachers "Bian-zhi" resource allocation. At the same time, teachers "Bian-zhi" bank operation also need to meet certain conditions, and teachers "Bian-zhi" marketing does not conlfict with the administrative mode.%城镇化背景下教育人口大规模流动成为新常态.教育人口大规模流动提高了教师流动需求.教师流动的诸多影响因素可以聚焦于"教师编制"问题.传统教师编制配置的行政模式存在缺陷.教师编制市场化运作符合政府职能转变大趋势.由"缺编地区、超编地区、存入编制、借贷编制、编制利息、编制本金"六个基本要素所构成的教师编制银行运行模式,是对教师编制资源优化配置的有益探索.同时,教师编制银行的运作也需要满足一定条件,教师编制配置的市场模式同行政模式并不矛盾.

  6. Synthesis and structural characterisation of (aryl-BIAN)copper(I) complexes and their application as catalysts for the cycloaddition of azides and alkynes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Lidong; Lopes, Patrícia S; Rosa, Vitor; Figueira, Cláudia A; Lemos, M Amélia N D A; Duarte, M Teresa; Avilés, Teresa; Gomes, Pedro T

    2012-05-07

    A series of Ar-BIAN-based copper(I) complexes (where Ar-BIAN = bis(aryl)acenaphthenequinonediimine) were synthesised and characterised by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopies, FT-IR spectroscopy, MALDI-TOF-MS spectrometry, cyclic voltammetry and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The bis-chelated complexes of general formula [Cu(Ar-BIAN)(2)]BF(4) (where Ar = C(6)H(5) (1), 4-iPrC(6)H(4) (3), 2-iPrC(6)H(4) (4)) were prepared by reaction of [Cu(NCMe)(4)]BF(4) with two equivalents of the corresponding Ar-BIAN ligands, in dichloromethane, while the mono-chelated complexes of the type [Cu(Ar-BIAN)L(2)]BF(4) (where Ar = 2,6-iPr(2)C(6)H(3), L = PhCN (6); Ar = 4-iPrC(6)H(4), L = PPh(3) (7)) were readily accessible by treatment of [Cu(NCR)(4)]BF(4) (R = Me, Ph) with one equivalent of the corresponding Ar-BIAN ligands in the absence or presence of two equivalents of PPh(3), in the same solvent. The structures of complexes 3, 4, 6 and 7 were obtained by single crystal X-ray diffraction, showing distorted tetrahedral geometries around the copper centres in all cases. The electrochemical studies of these complexes and of the already reported [Cu(2,4,6-Me(3)C(6)H(2)-BIAN)(2)]BF(4) (2) and [Cu(2,6-iPr(2)C(6)H(3)-BIAN)(NCMe)(2)] (5), demonstrated that the bis-chelated complexes 1-4 undergo a reversible one-electron reduction or oxidation processes on copper, while the mono-chelated complexes 5-7 show a partially reversible oxidation and an irreversible reduction feature. Both kinds of (Ar-BIAN)copper(I) complexes are active catalysts for the copper(I)-catalysed azide-alkyne cycloaddition reaction (CuAAC). Complex 7, bearing PPh(3) ligands, exhibits the highest catalytic activity, which is comparable with that of the typical CuSO(4)-sodium ascorbate catalyst system.

  7. Diligence and Love—Vice Mayor Zhu Weifang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    TWENTY-SEVEN years ago, along with the wave of re-education of young graduates, an 18-year-old Shanghai girl went alone to: kettle at Tongzi Township, Guichi County, Anhui Province. Twenty-five years later, she became vice mayor of Hefei, capital of Anhui Province. She is also a member of a democratic party among the municipal officials. Zhu Weifang arrived at the remote Tongzi Township from Shanghai in 1969.

  8. Critical Factors Affecting the Desertification in Pa Deng, Adjoining Area of Kaeng Krachan National Park, Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saowanee Wijitkosum

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to bring forward and analyze key factors that have an effect on the desertification in Pa Deng Sub-district in order to assess the desertification risk of the sites. The MEDALUS Model was used to conduct the desertification risk assessment. The spatial analysis study was done with Geographic Information System (GIS and Remote Sensing (RS programs. The key factors that had an impact on the desertification in Pa Deng area are climatic factor (aridity index: AI, soil factors (soil texture, soil fertility and soil erosion and human activity factor (land use. The results revealed that the majority of the plain area in Pa Deng was at a moderate desertification risk. The critical factor that increased the risk of desertification was soil erosion.

  9. Representing Deng Xiaoping:a Social-Semiotic Analysis of One Statue in Shenzhen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王倩

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an analysis of a statue of Deng Xiaoping completed in 2000. The analysis in this paper mainly uses O’Toole’s frame work for analyzing sculpture in order to enhance our understanding of the social semiotic nature of public memorials.

  10. On Deng Xiaoping's important contribution to the construction of socialist economic system with Chinese characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Kai

    2016-01-01

    Deng Xiaoping is the founder of the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and made important contributions to the construction of the system. Among them, his theoretical achievements and practical exploration of the economic system construction had played an important role in the formation of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

  11. Zhu Dacheng, Vice-President of CAFIU Visit Norway and Germany

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    At the invitation of Norway Moral Rearmament (MRA) and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung(FES), CAFIU sent a delegation headed by Mr. Zhu Dacheng, Vice-President of CAFIU to visit Norway and Germany from May 17 to 27. During their visit in Norway, Zhu met with Mr. Inge Lonning, Deputy-Speaker of Parliament and

  12. Functional identification of an exon 1 substitution in the myostatin gene and its expression in breast and leg muscle of the Bian chicken.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, G X; Zhang, T; Wei, Y; Ding, F X; Zhang, L; Wang, J Y

    2015-01-01

    1. The objective of this study was to verify the functional effects of the c.234G>A substitution in the myostatin (MSTN) gene and ascertain the mechanism by which the variant affects growth traits in the Bian chicken. 2. The c.234G>A substitution was detected by PCR-RFLP analysis in the 7th-generation Bian chickens and three genotypes (AA, AG and GG) were identified. Results showed that the substitution was significantly associated with all studied growth traits, except first-d-weight, in female Bian chickens. 3. Based on these results, the substitution was used in gene-assisted selection for growth traits and thus fast-growth (AA genotype) and slow-growth (GG genotype) lines were successfully established. Significant differences in growth traits were detected between the fast-growth and slow-growth lines from 6 to 16 weeks of age. Furthermore, all slaughter traits, except leg muscle rate, were significantly different between the fast-growth and slow-growth lines. 4. Expression analysis showed that the relative expression level of MSTN in chickens with GG and AG genotypes were significantly higher than that in chickens with an AA genotype, both in breast and leg muscle. Chickens in the slow-growth line had significantly higher relative expression level of MSTN compared to chickens in the fast-growth line, both in breast and leg muscle. 5. The results suggest that the c.234G>A substitution in the myostatin (MSTN) gene negatively regulates the expression of MSTN in the Bian chicken and that it may be used in marker-assisted selection to accelerate the chicken breeding process.

  13. Comparisons between Liang Shiqiu's and Zhu Shenghao's Hamlet from the Perspective of Translator's Subjectivity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢丽

    2009-01-01

    For the Chinese versions of Hamlet,Liang Shiqiu's and Zhu Shenghao's translations can be called the classic. Becasue the two great translators have their own choices, their versions differ a lot. In the translating process, translator's subjectivity plays an important role and it is one of the major reasons for emerging different translation. The thesis mainly talks about Liang Shiqiu's and Zhu Shenghao's different versions from the perspective of translator's subjectivity by comparison.

  14. Deng-Fan Potential for Relativistic Spinless Particles -- an Ansatz Solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    H. Hassanabadi; B.H. Yazarloo; S. Zarrinkamar; H. Rahimov

    2012-01-01

    Deng-Fan potential originally appeared many years ago as an attractive proposition for molecular systems. On the contrary to the ground state of one-dimensional Schr6dinger equation, this potential fails to admit exact analytical solutions for arbitrary quantum number in both relativistic and nonrelativistic regime. Because of this complexity, there exists only few papers, which discuss this interesting problem. Here, using an elegant ansatz, we have calculated the system spectra as well as the eigenfunctions in the general case of unequal vector and scalar potentials under Klein-Gordon equation.

  15. [The influence of ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Savings Life)in the Southern Song Dynasty and its Influence on the discipline of Cold Pathogenic Disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Ming-Xin

    2012-11-01

    ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Saving Life) is a famous work in the history of research on Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases. It has great influence on the study of cold pathogenic disease, especially that of the Song dynasty. Many authors reedited or annotated this book to inherit and developed the idea of the Huo ren shu. Thus, a lot of new books, including annotations, revisions, citations, or discussions, appeared. WANG Su's Zeng shi nan yang huo ren shu (Amplified Annotated Huorenshu), for example, is one of them. Those compiled as rhymes or knacks include XU Shu-wei's Shang han bai zheng ge (The Rhymes of Hundred Kinds of Cold Damage Disease), LI Zhi-xian's Huo ren shu kuo (Introduction to Huorenshu), QIAN Wen-li's Shang han bai wen ge (Hundred Questions on Cold Damage Disease), YANG Shi-ying's Shang han lei shu huo ren zong kuo (A General Introduction to Huorenshu, a Classified Book of Cold Damage Disease), and TANG Yin-cai's Shang han jie huo lun (Essay to Answering Suspicions on Cold Damage Disease). Those cited or inherited the book include LI Cheng's Shang han yao zhi (Gist of Cold Damage Disease), GUO Yong's Shang han bu wang lun (Supplements to Cold Damage Disease), SUN Zhi-ning's Shang han jian yao shi shuo (Ten Simple Discourses on Cold Damage Disease), and CHEN Zi-ming's Guan jian da quan liang fang (A Complete Effective Formulary with my Own Opinions). Those differentiating the essentials of the Huorenshu including CHENG Jiong's Huo ren shu bian (Differentiation for Huorenshu), and LU Zu-chang's Ni jin huo ren can tong yu yi (An Elaboration on Huorenshu to be Presented). All the above books indicate the impact of the Huorenshu, and show its influence on later ages as well.

  16. 邓小平人权理论的创新性%New Ideas in Deng Xiaoping's Theory of Human Rights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建强

    2000-01-01

    通过对邓小平人权理论创新性的分析,阐述了当代马克思主义人权理论的基本特征。%Analyses the originality in Deng Xiaoping' s theory of human rights and discusses the fun-damental characters of the contemporary Marxist theory of human rights.

  17. 论宋绣与汴绣的盛衰演变%Study on rise and fall of evolution about Song embroidery and Bian embroidery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周萍

    2011-01-01

    The author gives definition to Song embroidery and Bian embroidery firstly, then analyzes the development, prevalence and causes of decline about Song embroidered in specific historical environment,describes its sewing fine, art forms blended with painting charm, popular degree by every class and position and impact in China's embroidery. As historical testimony, Bian embroidery reflects the lively regional and historical background. On the basis of inheriting Song embroidery skill, this paper introduces colorful nature on innovation and development of its techniques and the art orientation of themes form.%对宋绣与汴绣给予了界定,分析了宋绣在特定历史环境中的产生、发展、盛行及衰落的因为,阐述了其针线细密,融会书画神韵的艺术形态,受到各阶层人们喜爱的程度及在中国绣品中的地位和产生的影响;论述了汴绣作为历史见证,体现了鲜活的地域历史背景,在继承宋绣技艺的基础上,其技法创新和发展的多彩性,题材形式的艺术取向性.

  18. Optimization of Preparation Process from BianTi Soft Extract%辨体调理膏制剂过程优化分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈洁; 钱松祥; 李海龙; 郑敏霞

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To optimize the preparation process and screen appropriate decoction conditions of BianTi Soft Extract for standardized production of traditional Chinese tonic extract. Methods: Decoction conditions ( addition of water,frequency of decoction and decocting time) of herb in BianTi Soft Extract were studied by the three- factor, three-level orthogonal experiment. The decoction efficiency and the content of hesperidin were analyzed by HPLC, with ANOVA of hesperidin content. Purple casserole, porcelain pot, and stainless steel pot were used in the assay for selecting appropriate decoction container. Molten methods of asses glue and tortoise -shell glue were studied, including molten by hot water,rice wine and molten with water in microwave oven. Content of protein in the three ways were detected by UV spectroscopy to choose the optimal molten method. Results: Three times of decoction, decocting time of 30 min and 8 multiples of water would be the appropriate decoction conditions of BianTi Soft Extract. Purple casserole should be chosen as the container and rice wine would be suitable in the molten of asses glue and tortoise -shell glue. Thus, the quality and therapeutic effects of BianTi Soft Extract could be guaranteed. Conclusion: The proposed method is simple, feasible and reliable for the manufacturing process of BianTi Soft Extract. Furthermore, it may be an alternative for preparation of other tonic extracts.%目的:优化辨体调理膏制剂工艺过程,筛选出合适的煎膏条件,以期为中药膏滋药规范化生产提供依据.方法:采用3因素3水平正交试验法考察膏方药材的煎煮条件(加水量、煎煮次数、煎煮时间),并结合HPLC分析药材有效成分的煎出率和橙皮苷含量,以橙皮苷含量为指标进行方差分析;选用砂锅、陶瓷锅和不锈钢锅进行膏方煎膏容器的筛选,以HPLC分析结果作为筛选标准;采用水加热烊胶、黄酒加热烊胶、水溶微波烊胶考察阿胶、龟

  19. [Zhu Lian's characteristics and experiences in clinical practice of acupuncture and moxibustion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Li fu; Pan, Xiaoria; Liu, Bing; Yue, Jin; Zhang, Lijian

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims at discussing the clinical characteristics and experiences of ZHU Lian, the renowned contemporary acupuncture master from the following three aspects: "characteristics of clinical manipulations and techniques", "thoughts on diagnosis and treatment" and "examples of clinical cases". The study has shown that ZHU Lian invented the slow insertion technique by rotating needle and the embedding needle technique, improved moxibustion technique with moxa roll and proposed the three keys on the treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion, as well as discovered new acupoints for treatment. The pioneering and distinguished achievements she con tributed play the great demonstrating and driving role in the development of clinical study and practice of acupuncture and moxibustion.

  20. Flowing Within the Text:A Discussion on He Lin's Explanation of Zhu Xi's Method of intuition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Xianglong

    2006-01-01

    The author examines He Lin's interpretation of Zhu Xi's method of intuition from a phenomenological-hermeneutical perspective and by exposing Zhu's philosophical presuppositions.In contrast with Lu Xiangshan's intuitive method,Zhu Xi's method of reading classics advocates "emptying your heart and flowing with the text" and,in this spirit,explains the celebrated "exhaustive investigation on the principles of things (ge wu qiong li)." "Text," according to Zhu,is therefore not an object in ordinary sense but a "contextual region" or "sensible pattern" that,when merged with the reader,generates meanings.Furthermore,by discussing the related doctrines of Lao Zi,Zhuang Zi,Hua-Yan Buddhism,Zhou Dunyi,and Zhu Xi's own "One principle with many manifestations (li yi fen shu)," the author identifies the philosophical preconditions of Zhu's method.Based on this analysis,the author goes on to illustrate Zhu's understanding of "observing potential yet unapparent pleasure,anger,sorrow and happiness" and "maintaining a serious attitude (zhu jing)."

  1. DENG Xiao-ping's View on Knowledge%邓小平的知识观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建章

    2001-01-01

    邓小平的知识观主要包括三个方面,一是科技知识观;二是管理知识观;三是文化知识观,它们分别对应着物质富强、制度民主、精神文明这三个具体目标,并且是实现这三大目标的认识论基础。%DENG Xiao-ping's view on knowledge,mainly includes three aspects:the first is the view on the scientific and technological knowledge;the second is the view on the administration knowledge;the third is the view on the cultural knowledge.They respectively direct at material wealth,democratic system and spiritual civilization and provide the epistemology basis for the realization of the three aims or.

  2. [Residual neurovirulence of the chimera of Langat and Denge-4 flaviviruses in intracerebral infection of monkeys].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karganova, G G; Pripuzova, N S; Tereshkina, N V; Gmyl', L V; Dzhivanian, T I; Rumiantsev, A A; Lashkevich, V A

    2005-01-01

    The residual neurovirulence of the previously obtained chimeric virus Tp21/DEN4, containing the RNA region encoding the pre M and E structural enzymes, strain Tp21, virus Langat, and the remaining part of the genome from the Denge 4 virus, was studied in experiments with monkeys Cercopithecus aethiops involving the intracerebral administration of the virus. The tick-borne encephalitis virus, strain Absettarov, was used as positive control. A comparative analysis of the experimental and published data showed the chimeric virus to be less virulent by its degree of morphological affection in the CNS zones, its spread into the CNS and by a percentage share of animals with viremia versus the Tp21 parent strain and Elantsev strain of the Langat virus.

  3. 卞崇道与《日本问题研究》的学术因缘%Bian Chongdao and Journal of Japanese Research ’Academic Links

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王会

    2013-01-01

    卞崇道先生是中国日本哲学研究领域的领军人物,也是《日本问题研究》杂志的特约编委,在《日本问题研究》面临转型与突破的那段岁月,一直鼎力相助、施以援手,甚至在他生命的最后时刻仍不忘杂志的事情。在卞先生去世近一周年之际,我们相约几位日本哲学与思想界的专家、也是卞崇道先生生前的后学和朋友,推出一组文章以此纪念先生。文章从《日本问题研究》与卞先生的交往历程,缅怀卞先生为人、为学的崇高风范,并告慰他对《日本问题研究》作出的重大贡献。%Mr. Bian Chongdao is our Japanese philosophy research leader, is also the"Japanese research"magazine contributing editors, in "Japanese Studies" that time face transformation and breakthrough, has been for their help, help, even at the last moment of his life still does not forget magazine. In the recent years Mr. Bian died occasion, we meet several Japanese philosophy and ideology of experts, is Mr Bian Chongdao's followers and friends, a group of articles to commemorate mr.. This article from the"communication of Japanese research"and Mr. Bian, cherish the memory of Mr. Bian for people to learn, lofty, and comfort him for"signiifcant contribution"to the Japanese research.

  4. Textual research on the author of Dsheng bian (Compiled Texts on Successful Birth)%《达生编》作者考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟庆云

    2009-01-01

    Dasheng bian (Compiled Texts on Successful Birth), a famous book of TCM obstetrics compiled by JI Zhai-a lay Buddhist in the Qing dynasty, had a great influence on posterity. However, the name and the life of JI Zhai, is seldom known by the people. According to the record in the Biography of Physicians of Past Generations in China, JI Zhai took his mother's surname. According to the County An-nals of Huoshan cited by Research on Chinese Medical Books of Xin' an of WANG Le-tao, the name of JI Zhai is Ye Feng, another name is Weifeng, the alias is JI Zhai. Ji Zhai made a sign of "ZHANG Ji-zhai's recording" in the marginal notes of Jizhai jiying qifang Jijiumen (emergency section of urgent and rare pre-scriptions of Ji Zhai), which told us that Ji Zhai took his mother's surname of Zhang: his father's surname was Ye. According to the Recording of Gaily-painted Pleasure Boat in Yangzhou of LI dou, Dasheng bian was finished after JI Zhai collected the experiences of Wang midwife in Yangzhou.%亟斋居士所撰为清代中医产科名著,对后世影响很大.但亟斋居士的姓名、生平却少有人知.据何时希记载,亟斋居士系从母姓.又据王乐匋引知亟斋居士名叶风,字维风,号亟斋.又亟斋居士在"旁批"中有"张亟斋记",可知亟斋居士从母姓张,其父姓叶.另据李斗可知系亟斋居士整理扬州王氏接生婆经验而成.

  5. 试论邓小平科学创新%On the Scientific Innovation of Deng Xiaoping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪德裕

    2000-01-01

    The achievements of Deng Xiaoping's scientifc innovation are mainly showed in the three aspects of its theory, political line and practice. The paper also researches into the three characteristics of Deng's scientific innovation and analyzes its motivation, psychological character and origin of intelligence.%邓小平的创新成果主要表现在理论、路线、实践三个层面;在此基础上文章探讨了他的科学创新的三大特点,并考察了他的科学创新的精神动力、思想基础、心理特质和智慧源泉。

  6. CPPCC Vice Chairman Deng Pufang Meets Foreign Affairs Committee Chairperson Makiko Tanaka of Japanese House of Representatives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>Deng Pufang, Vice Chairman ofthe National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC),met with Makiko Tanaka, daughter of former Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka, Chairperson of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the House of Representatives, and her husband Naoki Tanaka, former Japanese Defense Minister, on the afternoon of September 28, 2012.Present at the meeting were Wang Shenghong, Deputy Secretary General of the CPPCC

  7. 奥运风云人物——邓亚萍%Glorious People in the Olympics History-Deng Yaping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜全红

    2006-01-01

    @@ Widely acclaimed1 as the greatest female player in table tennis history, Deng Yaping was the top-ranked woman in the world for eight consecutive2 years from 1991. A naturally attacking player3 of small stature4, she won 18 individual and team titles5 at either Olympic or world level during her illustrious6 career and was named Chinese Sports Personality7 of the Century in 1999.

  8. Kinetika vulkanisasi campuran NR/EPDM dengan pendekatan model Deng-Isayev dan Kamal-Sorour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihda Novia Indrajati

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Curing kinetics of natural rubber/ethylene propylene diene monomer (NR/EPDM blends at different ratios of 2,2’-dithiobis(benzothiazole (MBTS and zinc diethyl dithiocarbamate (ZDEC were studied. NR/EPDM blends were prepared using curative migration control technique. Kinetics studies employ Deng-Isayev and Kamal-Sorour models and kinetics parameters were evaluated using measured data from Moving Die Rheometer. Rate constant (k and orders of reaction (n and m were estimated through multivariable optimization using Matlab and activation energy (E was determined using Arrhenius relationship. From the results, it is evident that the experimental data were in a good agreement with Kamal-Sorour model. It is also found that autocatalytic mechanism was more controlling than the others as indicated by k2>k1. Results also shows that rate constants were greatly influenced by temperature and the types of accelerator, while orders of reaction were dependent on temperature and independent on the types and amounts of accelerator. Combination of MBTS and ZDEC reduces energy activation of autocatalytic reaction. For desirable rate of curing, its ratio of 1.4 to 0.2 gave the lowest activation energy.

  9. Determination of linear alkylbenzenesulfonates in modern sediments from core Zhu-9 and its significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) has the advantages of rapid analysis and high sensitivity. In the present study a suitable analytical condition has been established for HPLC, and the LAS in modern sediments from core Zhu-9 at the Pearl River mouth has been determined by HPLC. The concentrations of C12-LAS homologues are the highest. The sedimentation flux of C12-LAS was correlated with the average flow of the Xijiang and Beijiangrivers: the higher the flow rate, the larger the C12-LAS sedimentation flux. This shows that the more rapidly the river flows, the shorter the LAS will stay in freshwater, the less the extent of biodegradation, the larger the C12-LAS sedimentation flux in the core Zhu-9.

  10. Petroleum geology of the Zhu-1 depression, Pearl River Mouth Basin, People's Republic of China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguilera, C.L.; Huizinga, B.J.; Lomando, A.J. (Chevron Overseas Petroleum Inc., San Ramon, CA (USA))

    1990-05-01

    The Pearl River Mouth basin, located in the South China Sea between Hainan Island and Taiwan has been the focus of an intense exploration effort during the l980s. In 1979 the international oil industry, acquired over 60,000 km of seismic, gravity, and magnetic data covering an area of approximately 240,000 km{sup 2}. Three major subbasins, Zhu-1, Zhu-2, and Zhu-3 were defined. Chevron in partnership with Texaco and AGIP (ACT group), concentrated their effort on the Zhu-1 depression which was interpreted to contain as much as 7,800 m of sedimentary section. This subbasin, bounded by the Wansha and Donsha massifs to the north and south, is the most inboard of the three depressions, thereby possibly prolonging anoxic lacustrine conditions prior to the Neogene marine incursion. Additionally, the Zhu- 1 depression should have directly received Miocene sediment potentially supplying the subbasin with high-quality reservoirs. Within the Zhu-1 depression, the ACT group focused in on Block 16/08, which covered the deepest part of the Zhu-1 depression. The block was awarded to the consortium in January 1983. Structuring within the block ranges from Paleogene tensional block faulting created during the early formation of the overall Pearl River Mouth basin to draping over basement highs and carbonate buildups during the Neogene. The Pearl River Mouth basin exhibits classic rift basin geometry with early nonmarine continental fluvial/lacustrine deposition (Zhuhai Formation) during the Oligocene and capped by a lower Miocene marine incursion (Zhu Jiang Formation). Integrated interpretations, exploration drilling, and constant refinement of the geological model led to the discovery of two oil fields, Huizhou/21-1 and Huizhou/26-1, both of which are currently under development and will represent the first commercial oil production from the entire Pearl River Mouth basin.

  11. Mao Zedong' s Brief Comments on the Evaluation of Deng Xiaoping%略论毛泽东对邓小平的评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴平安; 熊明

    2012-01-01

    Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping, the two great leaders and long-time colleagues, had carried on a long-term exploration of Sinicization of Marxism. They had cooperated well for a long time while there have been discrepancy between them for a period of time. Mao Zedong spoke highly and correctly of Deng Xiaoping on Deng Xiaoping' s leadership, the political moral character and many other aspects. He gave Deng Xiaoping proper affirmation and high evaluation, and raised Deng Xiaoping as the successor several times. However, when Mao Zedong made significant mistakes in both theory and practice for his personal reasons, he made negative evaluation on Deng Xiaoping and abolished Deng Xiaoping' s positions in and out of the Party twice.%毛泽东和邓小平作为长期共事的伟人,为马克思主义中国化进行了长期的探索,二人既有亲密无间也有严重分歧。毛泽东对邓小平的领导才能、政治品格等方面多次充分的肯定,给予高度的评价,数次作为接班人来培养;但当他自己在理论和实践上都出现重大失误的时候,又对邓小平做出否定性评价,两次撤销其党内外一切职务。

  12. On Bian Que and the culture of witch doctor of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group as viewed from the Picture of Bian Que's Needling in the stone-carved figure of Han Dynasty%从汉画像石“扁鹊针刺图”谈扁鹊与东夷巫医文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨金萍; 王振国; 卢星

    2016-01-01

    The culture of witch doctor of the Eastern Ethnic Yi Group exerted profound influence on early acupuncture art and medicine.There is a score of Bian Que' s Needling Picture in the stone-carved figure unearthed in Shandong Province,demonstrating the origin of acupuncture in the region of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group.Bian Que,with the identity of witch doctor,and "doctor stone needling witch" with the legend of a professional acupuncturing indicates the important influenee of witch doctor on the origin of acupuncture art.The archeological discovery of tortoise shell,divination carved on bones,and conical needles all buried together in the Da-wen-kou culture indicates that the earliest therapy witch doctor applied was related to needling.As a representative of the Eastern Yi Ethnic Group,Bian Que,"the Father of Medical Prescription" was the embryonic form of early acupuncture art,promoted the formation and development of early medical theory,the theory of pulse feeling,being the important part of the early stage of origin of needling-pulse feeling theory.%东夷巫医文化对针砭之术的发源及早期医学有着重要影响.山东出土的10余幅扁鹊针刺汉画像石,揭示了东夷地区针砭之术的起源;有着巫医身份的扁鹊及有着针刺职业传承的“鋮巫氏”,说明巫医对针刺的发源有着重要影响;大汶口文化考古发现龟甲卜骨与针锥同葬,说明了巫医最早行施的医术与针刺有关;“扁鹊言医,为方者宗”,以扁鹊为代表的东夷巫医文化,孕育了医学最早的针刺技术,促进了医学早期理论——脉学理论的形成发展,使针刺脉学成为医学发源时期的重要内容.

  13. Deng Xiaoping’s Value of Critical Thinking Analysis%邓小平批判性思维价值论析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易刚; 林胜强

    2014-01-01

    邓小平思维方式是典型的批判性思维。批判性思维是邓小平理论创新的动力和源泉;邓小平批判性思维有利于确立科学的思维方式;邓小平批判性思维有利于培养求真务实的精神和开拓创新的勇气;邓小平批判性思维有助于开启思维的闸门。%Deng Xiaoping’s thinking mode is a typical critical thinking.Critical thinking is the moti-vation and source of Deng Xiaoping theory innovation;Deng Xiaoping’s critical thinking is helpful to establish the scientific way of thinking;Deng Xiaoping’s critical thinking to cultivate practical spirit and the courage of innovation;Deng Xiaoping’s critical thinking will help open thinking gate.

  14. On the Logical Starting Point of Deng Xiaoping's Educational Thought%论邓小平教育思想的逻辑起点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋睿夫

    2014-01-01

    what the logical place of Deng Xiaoping's educational thought of public opinions are divergent, The author thinks that "cultivating qualified talents for the cause of socialism" is the logical starting point of Deng Xiaoping's educational thought. Take it as the logic starting point of Deng Xiaoping Thought on education is the essence reflect of Deng Xiaoping's educational thought that accord with the unity of history and logic. "To cultivate qualified talents for the cause of socialism" is the last but the most reasonable abstract of all the categories of Deng Xiaoping's educational thought.%学界关于邓小平教育思想的逻辑地点是什么众说纷纭,笔者认为“为社会主义事业培养合格人才”是邓小平教育思想的逻辑起点。以此为邓小平教育思想的逻辑起点,是邓小平教育思想的本质反映;符合历史与逻辑的相统一;“为社会主义事业培养合格人才”是邓小平教育思想的所有范畴的最后的但是最合理的抽象。

  15. Analysis of the Royalism in Song Yu's Jiu Bian%析宋玉《九辩》的忠君思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳

    2016-01-01

    《九辩》是宋玉骚体赋的代表,是其身世遭遇的自述。全诗围绕“贫士失职而志不平”展开,将忠君思想融入个人理想,抒发了忠于君而君不知的孤独、苦闷情绪。忠君思想贯穿全诗,是理解诗人情感表达的关键所在。忠君思想的表达与《九辩》自称词的使用特点是一致的,忠君思想是联系人生之秋与社会之秋的心理基础,是宋玉思想矛盾的根源。%Jiu Bian is Song Yu's representative Fu of Sao style, and his self-statement. The whole poem centers on his losing office but losing no heart, integrates the royalism into his own ambition, conveys his lonely and depressed emotion of unappreciated loyalty. The royalism serves as a leitmotif of the poem and the key to understanding the poet's emotional expressions. It is consistent with the usage of self-addressing words, the mental foundation between the autumn in life and society, and the origin of Song Yu's mental conflicts.

  16. Bian Zheng Lun Zhi as a Complementary and Alternative Treatment for Menstrual Cramps in Women with Dysmenorrhea: A Prospective Clinical Observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pin-Yi Lin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Limited scientific evidence supports the positive effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM for treating dysmenorrhea. Thus, an observation period of 3 months could verify the ancient indication that TCM treatments effectively alleviate menstrual cramps in women with primary dysmenorrhea or endometriosis. Methods. A prospective, nonrandomized study (primary dysmenorrhea and endometriosis groups was conducted in women with dysmenorrhea for more than three consecutive menstrual cycles. All patients received TCM prescriptions based on bian zheng lun zhi theory 14 days before menstruation for a period of 12 weeks. Pain intensity was evaluated using a 10-cm visual analogue scale and two validated questionnaires (the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire and the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire. Results. Of the initial 70 intent-to-treat participants, the women with dysmenorrhea reported significant alleviation of cramps during menstruation after the 12-week TCM treatment. Mixed model analysis revealed that TCM prescriptions were more effective in alleviating fatigue, hot flashes, dizziness, painful breasts, excitement, and irritability in the primary dysmenorrhea group (N=36 than in the endometriosis group (N=34. Conclusion. TCM prescriptions based on syndrome differentiation theory might be a potentially viable choice for treating painful menstruation and premenstrual symptoms after ruling out endometriosis.

  17. Primary Exploration about Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu%庾信《拟连珠》初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓妮

    2012-01-01

    在对连珠体的形成与演变加以概述的基础上,从题旨、语言形式与艺术表现手法、逻辑推理方式三方面探究了庾信《拟连珠》的艺术成就,并将其与陆机的《演连珠》进行比较,认为庾信的《拟连珠》虽直接脱胎于陆机的《演连珠》,但正是经过庾信的点化,才使得连珠获得了自我的个性生命色彩。%On the basis of summarizing the condition about Lian-Zhu's formation and evolvement,this thesis has explored the artistic achievement of about Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu from three aspects:thematic role;form of language and artistic technique of expression,and compared it with Lu Ji's Yan Lian-Zhu,this thesis considered,although Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu comes directly from Lu Ji's Yan Lian-Zhu,Lian-Zhu is no other than sublimated by Yu Xin's,it then has received its own individual living feature.

  18. 朱熹的科学素养%Zhu Xi's Scientific Literacy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄昊

    2014-01-01

    阐述科学素养的内涵,说明培养科学素养的重要性,古希腊和古代中国从文明时代开始时就培养学生的科学素养,朱熹通过后天修习掌握相关的时代科学知识、科学方法、科学思想和科学精神来培养自己的科学素养,并利用科学素养来解决相关的时代问题,特别是在儒学的重建中,朱熹较高的科学素养发挥了重要的作用。%The article explains the meaning of scientific literacy,and illustrates the importance of cultivating scientific lit-eracy.In fact the ancient Greece and ancient China trained student's scientific literacy from the start of the Civilized Age. Zhu Xi cultivated his scientific literacy by mastering relevant knowledge of science,scientific method,scientific thinking and scientific spirit,and used scientific literacy to solve related problem at his times.Zhu Xi ’s higher science literacy plays an especially important role in the reconstruction of Confucianism.

  19. On Han Shanbi' s Trilogy A Biography of Deng Xiaoping and The Last Years of Deng Xiaoping%在自由中逼近真理——论寒山碧的三卷本《邓小平评传》及《邓小平最后岁月》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙德喜

    2012-01-01

    《邓小平评传》是海南籍香港作家寒山碧传记文学的代表作。寒山碧利用香港的民主自由为邓小平撰写传记文学作品,力求客观真实,公正中立,既叙述了传主曲折的人生,又表现了传主的人性和温情,同时对传主作了精湛的评点,显示出作家追求真理的勇气。%A Biography of Deng Xiaoping is the master work of biography literature for Han Shanbi, a Hong Kong writer of Hainan origin. Thanks to the democratic and free atmosphere in Hong Kong, Han Shanbi makes ev- ery effort to be objective, authentic, fair and impartial in his writing of a biography of Deng Xiaoping. In his writ- ing, Han Shanbi not only relates Deng Xiaoping' s tortuous life but also shows Deng Xiaoping' s human nature and tender feelings coupled with a review of Deng Xiaoping' s life, which reveals Han' s courageous pursuit of the truth.

  20. Investigation of oil-pool formation from the homogenization temperatures of fluid inclusions and biomarkers in reservoir rocks: a genetic model for the Deng-2 oil-pool in the Jiyuan Depression

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao Weiwei [Geochemical Institute of Chinese Academy, Guizhou (China); University of Petroleum, Shandong (China); Li Zhaoyang [University of Petroleum, Shandong (China); Jin Qiang; Wang Weifeng [Geochemical Institute of Chinese Academy, Guizhou (China)

    2002-11-01

    The Jiyuan Depression is a frontier area for oil and gas exploration in Henan Province, China. In recent years, oil was discovered in the Deng-2 well in the lower Tertiary, though the tectonics and petroleum geology of the Depression are very complex. A series of experiments on fluid inclusions in the oil-bearing sandstones from the Deng-2 well were made that included measurement of the homogenization temperatures of gas-liquid inclusions and GC-MS analysis of biomarkers either in the sandstone pores or in the fluid inclusions. The Deng-2 oil-reservoir was formed at about 78{sup o}C, corresponding to a burial depth of about 2200 m. The present burial depth is about 700 m because of erosion and fault-block uplift in Oligocene time. Although oil in the sandstone pores is now heavily biodegraded, the biomarkers in the inclusions show slight biodegradation representing a watering and biodegradation process that did not occur before formation of the Deng-2 oil- pool. Having investigated the structural evolution of the Deng-2 trap, it is concluded that the oil discovered in the Tertiary reservoir of Deng-2 well migrated from Mesozoic reservoirs through active faults around the Deng-2 trap. As the oil migrated from the Mesozoic to the Tertiary reservoir, the Deng-2 trap was uplifted close to the depth of active biodegradation (subsurface temperature lower than 80{sup o}C and to a burial depth shallower than 2250 m from the thermal gradient of 3.1{sup o}C/100 m) so that the oil in the inclusions shows a slight biodegradation. Because of the continuous uplift of the Deng-2 trap during the Tertiary and Quaternary, the reservoired oil has been more heavily biodegraded compared to that in the inclusions. (author)

  1. Enjoyment without Licentiousness,Grief without Excess——The probe into artistic conception of Bian Cheng%乐而不淫,哀而不伤——《边城》的审美意境探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘德芳

    2011-01-01

    The artistic conception of Bian Cheng includes three points: the harmonious beauty of human and nature,the mystic beauty of maiden's love,and the tragic beauty of variable ways of the world.It reflects the traditional aesthetic thought——enjoyment without licentiousness,grief without excess.%《边城》的审美意境包括人与自然的和谐美、少女情感的朦胧美和人事无常的凄凉美,它鲜明地体现了"乐而不淫,哀而不伤"的传统美学思想。

  2. 诗艺的讲究:卞之琳论诗断简考释%Stress on the Art of Poetry:Textual Criticism on Bian Zhilin's Stray Fragments on Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈越

    2015-01-01

    文章对卞之琳在20世纪40年代在《燕京新闻》发表过两封论诗的书简及发表的情况略作钩沉,并对书简中所谈及的卞之琳译介里尔克、霍斯曼诗作的情况略作说明,由此对卞之琳围绕刘芃如所译霍斯曼诗作的音韵问题以及另一位收信人所问及的写诗的素养等问题,就诗的音乐性及诗的格律、读诗的方法等问题所做的表述加以分析,力求揭示其讲究诗艺的艺术追求背后,试图通过译诗来为中国现代白话新诗的写作提供借鉴和参考并以格律的创建来推动中国现代白话新诗的发展这一持久的诗学理想所具有的重要意义。%This article offers an exploration of the esoteric status and the publication of Bian Zhilin's two letters in the Yanching News in the 1 940s with an explanation of Bian's translation of Rilk and Horseman as mentioned in the let-ters.Then with regard to Bian Zhilin's comments on the problem of rhyming in Liu Pengru's translation of Horseman as well as on the qualification for the writing of poetry being inquired by another recipient of the letters,this article presents an analysis of Bian Zhilin's statement on the issues of musicality,meter,and methods of reading poetry.It attempts to reveal what truly lies hidden in his artistic pursuit for poetic stress,that is,the enduring significance of the poetic ideal through translation of poetry in order to provide reference for the creative writing of Chinese modern vernacular poetry and offer guidelines to promote the development of Chinese modern vernacular poetry through the creation of metric forms.

  3. Experience of treating cough by DENG Jian-hua physician%邓健华医师治咳经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江莉君

    2012-01-01

      邓健华医师从医30余年,重视对中医经典著作的学习和临床运用,尤其擅长治疗内科杂病,在各种咳嗽、胃病、不寐、月经失调等治疗上积累了较丰富的经验,笔者将老师的经验进行了总结归纳。%  DENG Jian-hua physician has been a doctor more than 30 years, he emphased on learning and clinical using of the Chinese classics, especially good at treating miscellaneous diseases, had accumulated rich experience in the treatment of various cough, stomach problems, insomnia, menstrual disorders, the experience of the teachers were summarized.

  4. A Global View of Zhu Zi's Philosophy%全球化视野中的朱子学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱人求

    2014-01-01

    当前,朱子学的研究已是一种超越国界、超越历史的学术活动,朱子学研究的全球化早已成为一个既成事实。朱子学是行动的哲学,实践的哲学。早在700年前,朱子思想积极参与了东亚思想一体化进程,此时的朱子已经是世界化的朱子。立足于当代与未来,全球化需要什么样的朱子学?朱子学的精神怎样参与人类精神的建构?我们认为,在全球化的背景下,朱子关于“全体大用”、“理一分殊”、书院教育、身心修炼、家礼、关爱弱势群体、文化谱系的承传等理念仍具有积极的现代意义。只有把朱子学真正落实为一种全球共同遵循的生活方式,这才是真正意义上的朱子学的全球化。%At present ,the study of Zhu Zi's philosophy has gone beyond national borders and has be-come a kind of globalized academic activity .Zhu Zi's philosophy is the philosophy of action and practice .As early as 700 years ago ,Zhu Zi's philosophy was actively involved in the thought integration process of East Asia ,making Zhu acknowledged worldwide .Yet ,what kind of a Zhu Zi philosophy does the world need in the modern time?And how can this philosophy participate in the reconstruction of the mental world of hu-man beings?We believe many of the concepts in Zhu Zi's thought ,such as"Mighty Human Mind","united in one ,divided in millions" academy education ,physical and mental cultivation ,family ritual ,care for the disadvantaged ,inheritance of cultural genealogy ,are still of positive and constructive meaning for the pres-ent time .The true sense of making Zhu Zi's philosophy globalized is to implement it in the way of life of the whole world .

  5. Trial Study on DENG Tie-tao's Coronary Heart Disease Capsules in Improving Patients' Quality of Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To assess the efficacy of the Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Capsules worked out by Prof. Deng--in improving quality of life of CHD patients of qi deficiency with phlegm and blood stasis syndrome. Method: According to the WHO's diagnosis criteria of CHD, a total of 93 stable angina patients were divided into 3 groups using the single blinded method. The groups were evenly distributed into CHD Capsule treated group (CHDC), isosorbide dinitrate control group (ID), and Compound Prescription Danshen Droplet Pills control group (CPDDP). Two courses of treatment lasting for 6 months were given. During the courses of treatment, the following parameters were observed: clinical symptoms of angina pectoris, ECG change, treadmill exercise test, 36 items in short form of health survey (SF-36) and Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) scale. Results: After 6 months of treatment, all the three groups showed good curative effect in angina pectoris, ECG and treadmill exercise test, differences between them had no statistical significance.The CHDC group showed a better result in nitro-glycerine stopping or alleviation rate and in improving symptoms than the other groups (P<0.05). The general health, vitality, role-emotional, mental health and reported health transition in the CHDC group were significantly better than those in the control groups (P<0.05). The scores in physiological functioningrole, physiological function and pain alleviation were not different among the three groups. Conclusion: Prof. DENG Tie-tao's CHDC is effective in treating CHD with qi deficiency, phlegm and blood stasis and also in improving the quality of life. CHDC is more suitable to be used in long-term treatment than isosorbide dinitrate. The SF-36 and SAQ can be used to appraise the curative effect of traditional Chinese medicine agents for CHD angina pectoris.

  6. Deng Xiaoping and Socialism with Chinese Characteristics%邓小平与中国特色社会主义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈答才

    2014-01-01

    作为中国特色社会主义的主要开创者,邓小平初步构建了中国特色社会主义的基本框架,其重大贡献主要体现在:提出了“建设有中国特色的社会主义”的科学命题;开辟了中国特色社会主义的发展道路;奠定了中国特色社会主义理论体系的牢固基石;夯实了中国特色社会主义制度的坚实根基;捍卫了中国特色社会主义的伟大事业。深入探讨邓小平对中国特色社会主义的巨大贡献,有助于增强中国特色社会主义的“三个自信”。%As the key of the centraL Leadership of CPC’s second generation,Deng Xiaoping successfuLLy paved the way of sociaLism with Chinese characteristics and estabLished primariLy the basic frame of the sociaLism with Chinese characteristics. Deng’s such contributions are mainLy embodied as the foLLowings:Deng put forward the scientific concept of“sociaLism with Chinese characteristics”,strengthened the deveLopment road of sociaL-ism with Chinese characteristics,and defended the great cause of sociaLism with Chinese characteristics. The study of Deng’s contribution to sociaLism with Chinese characteristics can heLp to strengthen our confidence in road,theory and system.

  7. 坚持邓小平的权力观%Adhering to DENG Xiaoping’s Concept of Power

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李景治

    2014-01-01

    DENG Xiaoping’s concept of power is the guidelines to properly manage the ruling party and contingent of cadres. The core contents are as follows:correctly treating and using the power,a-bolishing the life-long leading cadre employment system,opposing paternalism and prerogative ac-tions;scientifically dividing the power,reasonably separating the Party and Government functions, correctly handling the relationship between the central and local governments,striving to carry out the separation of enterprise from administration,correctly handling the relationship between the individu-al and the collective;standardizing and supervising the power by the systems,establishing and perfec-ting strict post responsibility system and impartial supervision system. We should comprehensively, accurately,dialectically understand and adhere to DENG Xiaoping’s concept of power.%邓小平的权力观是我们搞好执政党和干部队伍建设、深化政治体制改革的指导方针。其核心内容是,要正确看待和运用权力,废除领导干部终身制,反对家长制作风和特权行为;要科学划分权力,合理实行党政职能分开,正确处理中央与地方的关系,努力实行政企分开,正确处理个人与集体的关系;要用制度规范监督权力,建立健全严格的岗位责任制和铁面无私的监督制度。要全面、准确、辩证地理解和坚持邓小平的权力观。

  8. Preventing and Treating Actions of Compound Lian Zhu Capsule on Micrangium Lesions in Diabetic Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Duan Wenzhuo; Gong Haimin; Wang Jiafu; Ding Yi; Liu Tongmei; Wang Jianying; Li Yueqing

    2005-01-01

    Tissue culture, biochemical techniques and radioimmunoassay were used to study the effects of Compound sugar, glycosylated hemoglobin (GHb), urinary protein and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents, aldose reductase (AR) activity and 3H-TdR incorporation rate in the vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) were significantly higher, and plasma NO content in the diabetes mellitus (DM) group were significantly lower than those in the normal control group (both P<0.05). The above indexes in the Chinese medicine (TCM)treatment group were improved significantly as compared with the DM group, with no significantly differences, except urine volume and urinary protein, as compared with the normal control group. It is suggested that Compound Lian Zhu Capsules can significantly alleviate the complicated lesions of the micrangium in diabetic rats.

  9. No name learning place:Bian Chongdao and Japanese philosophy study%未名庐学记:卞崇道及其日本哲学思想研究管窥

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘岳兵

    2013-01-01

    卞崇道先生是中国日本哲学思想研究领域中“过渡时代的领军人物”,作为新的历史时期日本哲学思想史学科基础的坚定夯实者、高层次中日哲学思想研究学术交流事业的杰出组织者和胸怀全局并及时总结学科发展、关心青年一代成长的循循善诱的引领者,卞先生在当代中国日本哲学思想研究的学术发展进程中留下了浓墨重彩的一笔。%Mr. Bian Chongdao is the Chinese Japanese philosophy research in the field of "transitional era leader", as an outstanding organizer ifrmly rammed Japanese philosophy history foundation, the high level of philosophy of academic career and the overall situation in mind the new historical period and summarize the subject development, concerned about the growth of the younger generation of be good at giving systematic guidance the leader of academic development, Mr. Bian in the study of Japanese Philosophy in contemporary China has left a thick and heavy in colours.

  10. On the Art of Deng Xiaoping’s Biopic%论邓小平传记影像的艺术表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴凑春

    2014-01-01

    邓小平传记影像是观照当代中国的一面镜子,也是邓小平研究的组成部分。第一个邓小平银幕形象出自传记片《拔哥的故事》,时为1979年。上世纪80年代中后期,邓小平银幕形象众彩纷呈,其中传记影像更是成为一道独特的风景。邓小平银幕形象经历了一个从无到有,进而逐渐清晰的过程,其传记影像也有着逐渐演变进而追求创新的鲜明特征。邓小平传记影像是中国共产党革命领袖题材文艺创作的重要收获。邓小平传记影像创作遵循了电影的艺术规律和历史真实、鲜活、多角度地表现了传主的性格特征,具有打动观众的力量。%Deng Xiaoping’s biopic is a mirror of contemporary China ,as well as a part of the study of Deng xiaoping .The first screen image of Deng Xiaoping was from The Film the Story of Wei Bagun in 1979 .In the mind and late 1980s ,Deng Xiaoping screen images were colorful ,among which his Biopic has become a unique scenery .Deng Xiaoping screen image has undergone a process from scratch to gradual definition and his biopic has also distinctive characteristics of gradual evolution ,and the pursuit of innovation ,and is very important literary achievement in the revolution theme of the Chinese Communist Party leaders .The creation of Deng Xiaoping’s biopic follows the film’s artistic rule and historical reality ,displaying its hero’s personality truely and lively from multi angles ,which can move the audience greatly .

  11. 邓小平批判性思维的生成及其实践%Formation and Practice of Deng Xiaoping’s Critical Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林胜强; 周晓敏

    2014-01-01

    批判性思维是一种独特的认识技能,是一种反思能力。批判性思维是邓小平的重要思维方式,贯穿于邓小平理论的整个体系。邓小平的批判性思维是特定历史文化的产物,有其产生的历史和现实根据。邓小平运用批判性思维,在对社会主义本质、社会主义发展阶段、社会主义经济体制等问题的认识上取得了重大突破,与时俱进地实现了马克思主义的中国化,并取得了丰硕的理论成果。%Critical thinking is a unique cognitive skill and a kind of reflection ability.Critical thinking is an important source of Deng Xiaoping Theory which passes through the entire system of Deng Xiaop-ing’s theory.Deng Xiaoping’s critical thinking is a product of specific historical and cultural back-ground.Using critical thinking,Deng Xiaoping has made a great breakthrough on the understanding of the essence of socialism,the socialist development stage and the socialist economic system,which promotes the theoretical achievements of Marxism sinicization to keep pace with the Times.

  12. A Study on Zhu Pei's View on The Book of Songs%朱霈诗经学论略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱宏胜

    2012-01-01

    朱霈治《诗》颇具怀疑精神,其以《氓》为异国之人淫于外州;《鸡鸣》为太师所奏乐曲;《无衣》为关武公;《采蘩》非夫人亲蚕之作;《汉广》诗与婚嫁有关。如此等等,敢于质疑前贤,自出新解。%Zhu Pei had the spirit of skepticism when he studied The Book of Songs. In his view, Meng is a poem which portraits a stranger in Wei; Ji Ming is a piece of music played by senior grand tutors; Wu Yi is a poem which praises Wu Gong; Hart Guang is a piece of poetry related to marriage, etc. Zhu Pei dared to question his predecessors, and speak out his own opinion.

  13. 朱自清的述学文体%ZHU ZI-qing's Academic Paper Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘奎

    2012-01-01

    In this paper,we will mainly concern ZHU Zi-qing's academic paper writing in vision of genre,the first question is how to write papers with modern Chinese,and what his practice has contributed to enhance status of modern Chinese after the May 4th movement;what's more,as a modern Chinese writer whose academic achievement is in the field of classical literary theory,and we will discuss his knowledge pedigree and his thought of engaging in study,taking genre's social connotation into account.%本文从述学文体的角度探讨朱自清的学术论文写作,主要思考的问题是朱自清如何用白话文写作学术论文,他的写作实践对五四之后白话文地位的提高有什么意义;同时,朱自清作为一个新文人,他的学术成就却主要在古典诗文评领域,本文从学术文体的社会制度属性出发,进一步关注朱自清论学的知识谱系和述学心态。

  14. Fe-F3C İKİLİ DENGE DİYAGRAMININ BİLGİSAYARDA MODELLENMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAMAZAN YILMAZ

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Bu makalede, demir-sementit (Fe-F3C ikili denge diyagraınını, üzerindeki faz oranlarını, mikroyapısını ve aynı zamanda kristal kafeslerini göstere bilen bir bilgisayar modellernesi yapıldı. Bu belirti len paraınetreler hakkındaki teorik bilgiler ve mikroyapı fotoğrafları modelierne programı içerisine yüklendi. Bu modelierne Delphi bilgisayar yazılım programı kullanılarak yapıldı. Programın işleyişi başarı ile gerçekleştirildi. Program yardımıyla, Teknik ve Endüstri Meslek Liselerinde, Teknik Eği tim ve Mühendislik Fakültelerinin Malzeme Bilimi ders içeriği kapsamı doğrultusunda, eğitim ve öğretim de başarı ile uygulanabileceği umut edilmektedir.

  15. Comparative Research on the Drum Music Playing Techniques of Etude and Gu Bian Dance Music%《练习曲》与《鼓边舞曲》鼓乐演奏技法比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军

    2016-01-01

    文章描述了中国大堂鼓独奏曲《鼓边舞曲》的移植过程,并将其与原曲——俄罗斯小军鼓独奏作品《练习曲》进行比较,重点阐释了中西两种鼓乐器在乐曲演奏中的技法特色。%This paper described the process of adapting a Russia snare drum solo piece Etude to the Chinese Datang drum solo work Gu Bian Dance Music, and com-pared both of them, explained with the focus on the features playing techniques of Chinese and Western drum in the music.

  16. 朱熹论修身%On ZHU Xi's Theory of Cultivating One's Mortal Character

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡方鹿

    2012-01-01

    Zhu Xi's idea of cultivating one's mortal character is an important part of his science theory,he inherited self-cultivation idea of Confucian.In the new historical period,he developed the Confucian theory by the annotation of the Confucian classics,especially the "Four Books",linked to self-cultivation and theory-desire,so his theory has the characteristics of self-cultivation in a new era.Zhu Xi emphasized and promoted self-cultivation,he also stressed that the implementation of the self-cultivation to Dusing,advocated self-cultivation needs practice,rather than talking about the nature of mind cultivation.Zhu Xi's cultivating ideas for modern society has certain reference significance and practical value.%朱熹的修身思想是其理学的重要组成部分,他继承了孔孟儒家的修身思想,并在新的历史时期加以发展,通过注解儒家经典尤其是"四书",把修身与穷理联系起来,而具有新时代修身思想的特征。朱熹在重视和提倡修身的同时,亦强调把修身落实到笃行上,主张修身之要在于实际去做,而非空谈心性修养。朱熹的修身思想对于现代社会具有一定的借鉴意义和现实价值。

  17. Discussed Zhu Shuzhen's Anthology of Farewell Poems Shallowly%浅谈朱淑真《断肠集》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴琼

    2009-01-01

    As rare in ancient China, one of the outstanding writer, ZhuShuzhen is versatile. Her life story has always been considered controversial in many questions on the details, until now has still not had the con-clusion. Therefore unifies of Zhu Shuzhen aspects and so on life story and work content, style and artistic value carries on the preliminary discussion, displays his/her body for the female to the reality survival condition pro-found reconsideration and the cognition, by this demonstrated that profound, sincere inner chamber world, proved once more Zhu Shuzhen holds the extremely important historical situation in the Chinese history of literature.%作为中国古代的杰出女作家之一,朱淑真可谓多才多艺,其生平事迹历来颇具争议,在许多细节问题上众说不一,至今仍未有定论.因此结合朱淑真之生平事迹与作品的内容、风格和艺术价值等方面进行初步探讨.表现其身为女性对现实生存状况的深刻反思与认知,以此展示一个深邃、真挚的闺阁世界,再次证明朱淑真在中国文学史上占有极其重要的历史地位.

  18. 论邓小平关于可持续发展的战略思想%Strategic Thinking of Deng Xiaoping Theory on Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟光

    2011-01-01

    As an important part of Deng Xiaoping Theory, the strategic thinking on sustainable development constitutes a key element of the theoretic system of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Such strategic thinking provides scientific guidance for overall, coordinated and sustainable development of social and economic system in China. The core of Deng' s strategic thinking on sustainable development focuses on the human welfare and comprehensive development. Deng establishes the fundamental principles and essential methodologies for coordination among key challenges. Such principles and methodologies constitute key rule promoting sustainable development. The strategic thinking on sustainable development proves highly important significance for sustainable development in China.%邓小平可持续发展战略思想是邓小平理论的重要观点,构成中国特色社会主义理论体系的重要部分,为我国实现经济社会全面、协调、可持续发展提供了科学指南.邓小平可持续发展战略思想的核心是坚持以人为本;邓小平可持续发展战略思想是全面发展观:邓小平同志提出了统筹兼顾的基本原则和根本方法,也是推进可持续发展的基本原则.邓小平同志可持续发展战略思想对我国的可持续发展具有极其重要的指导意义.

  19. 论邓小平的反腐败斗争思想%On Deng Xiaoping’s Anti-corruption Thoughts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽丽

    2012-01-01

      随着改革开放的不断深化和发展,腐败逐渐成为了一个突出而严重的政治和社会问题。邓小平站在历史的高度,立足国情,从改革开放和现代化事业出发,科学地分析了为什么反对腐败和怎样反对腐败这两个问题,深刻地指出了进行反腐败斗争的紧迫性和重要性,提出了反腐败的一系列措施。邓小平在反腐败理论和实践上的探索,构成了了邓小平反腐败思想的科学的理论体系。重温邓小平的反腐败斗争思想,对我国转型时期深入开展反腐败斗争具有重要的启迪和现实指导意义%  With the deepening of reform and opening up, corruption has become a serious political and social prob⁃lem. Standing in the height of the history, Deng Xiaoping analyzed why to fight against corruption and how to fight against corruption and pointed out the urgency and importance of struggling against corruption. Deng Xiaoping put forward a series of measures against corruption. Theoretical and practical exploration of anti-corruption formed a scientific theory system of anti-corruption. Anti-corruption of Deng Xiaoping’s thoughts has an important enlight⁃enment and realistic meaning for the transformation of in-depth development in the struggle against corruption.

  20. Dialectically Understand Deng Xiaoping' s Theory on the Essence of Socialism%辩证地理解邓小平社会主义本质论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邸乘光

    2012-01-01

    Deng Xiaoping' s southern tour talks raised a series of new thoughts and ideas including the theory on the essence of socialism. In overview of Deng Xiaoping' s series of important arguments on the essence of social- ism, a dialectical understanding of Deng Xiaoping' s theory on the essence of socialism has great significance in correctly recognizing and grasping the essence of socialism. To recognize and grasp Deng Xiaoping' s theory on the essence of socialism, we should start from the dialectic unity of productive forces, relations of production, and su- perstructure, from the dialectic unity of the foundations, conditions, and objectives for socialism, from the dialectic unity of the principles, characteristics, and criteria of socialism, from the dialectic unity of theory, movement, and system of socialism, and from the dialectic unity of unavoidability and procedural flexibility.%邓小平“南方谈话”提出了包括社会主义本质论在内的一系列新的思想和观点。综观邓小平关于社会主义本质的一系列重要论述,辩证地理解邓小平的社会主义本质论,对正确认识和把握社会主义的本质具有重要意义。应从生产力、生产关系和上层建筑的辩证统一上,从社会主义的基础、条件和目标的辩证统一上,从社会主义的原则、特征和标准的辩证统一上,从社会主义的理论、运动和制度的辩证统一上,从社会主义本质既定性及实现过程性的统一上,认识和把握邓小平的社会主义本质论。

  1. 邓小平晚年思想研究%A Research of Deng Xiaoping's Thoughts in His Later Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓庆

    2012-01-01

    There are many researches about Deng Xiaoping's thoughts, but the research of his thoughts in his later years is very few. After Deng Xiaoping's official retirement, he still paid close attention to the construction of our party, and to the development of the third generation of central collective leadership. His profound insights, especially those in economic, politics, spiritual civilization, social development, science and technology culture, and diplomacy are very important to China socialist construction. To study Deng Xiaoping's thoughts in his later years has important practical and historical significance for our better understanding of Deng Xiaoping theory, the important thought of " Three Represents", improving our consciousness of learning theory and practice, and confirming our socialist belief in the cause of building socialism with Chi- nese characteristics.%关于邓小平思想的研究很多,但是关于邓小平正式退休后的思想研究较少。邓小平正式退休后,仍然关注着党的建设事业,关注着第三代中央领导集体的成长。特别是他关于经济、政治、精神文明、社会发展、科技文化、外交等方面均有自己深刻的见解,并对我国社会主义建设具有重要的指导意义。研究邓小平晚年思想,对于完整准确地理解邓小平理论,加深对"三个代表"重要思想的理解,提高学习理论和实践的自觉性,坚定社会主义事业的信念,建设具有中国特色社会主义,具有十分重要的现实意义和历史意义。

  2. 邓小平批判性思维的辩证性论析%Analysis of Deng Xiaoping Dialectical Critical Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易刚

    2014-01-01

    Dialectical Critical thinking is Deng Xiaoping’s characteristic of thinking mode.Dialectical thinking and criti-cal thinking have both difference and connection.On the one hand,the dialectical thinking can not do without critical thinking;critical thinking plays an important role in the dialectical thinking;On the other hand,critical thinking has a dialectical element;critical thinking has a dialectical nature and characteristics.In the process of opening up the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics,Deng Xiaoping,using the dialectical of critical thinking,analyzed the “personali-ty cult”,and established the standard of truth;Using the dialectical critical thinking,Deng Xiaoping correctly clarified the relationship between capitalism and socialism,adhering to the unity of opposites of ways of thinking,against either this or that way of mind-set.Using the dialectical critical thinking,Deng Xiaoping put forward the way of thinking of combining the “two points”and “focus on”.%批判性思维的辩证性是邓小平思维方式的一大特色。辩证思维与批判性思维既有差别又有联系:一方面,辩证思维离不开批判性思维,批判性思维在辩证思维中起着重要的作用;另一方面,批判性思维含有辩证的成分,批判性思维具有辩证的性质和特征。在开辟中国特色社会主义道路过程中,邓小平运用批判性思维的辩证性,分析了“个人崇拜”,确立了真理标准;邓小平运用批判性思维的辩证性,正确阐明了资本主义和社会主义的关系,坚持对立统一的思维方式,反对非此即彼的思维定势;邓小平运用批判性思维的辩证性,提出了“两点论”与“重点论”相结合的思维方式。

  3. DENG Xiao -ping’s View of Justice---To commemorate the 110th Anniversary of the Birth of Deng Xiaoping%邓小平的公平观--纪念邓小平诞辰110周年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹谨; 周芳名

    2014-01-01

    DENG Xiao-ping’s view of justice mainly involves historic fairness ,distributive justice ,political rights fair-ness ,fairness of choosing and employing persons and educational fairness .According to his opinion ,to realize historic fair-ness ,problems left over by history must be correctly handled .To realize distributive justice ,principle of distribution ac-cording to work must be adhered ,realizing “prosperity in some parts” ,preventing polarization and giving full play to the macro-control of the central government .To realize the fairness of political right ,the construction of national democracy and law system must be strengthened ,opposing the privilege and corruption .To realize the fairness of choosing and employ-ing persons ,the juvenilization?of cadre policy should be promoted ,sticking to the right standard of choosing and employ-ing persons .To realize educational fairness ,university entrance examination must be resumed ,treating students and exami-nations correctly and improving the treatment of teachers .All in all ,DENG’s view of justice has important practical signifi-cance to further safeguard social fairness and justice .%邓小平公平观主要涉及历史公平、分配公平、政治权利公平、用人公平以及教育公平等方面。他认为,实现历史公平,要正确处理历史遗留问题;实现分配公平,要坚持按劳分配原则,实行部分先富,防止两极分化,发挥中央调控作用;实现政治权利公平,要加强民主法治建设,反对特权和腐败;实现用人公平,要推进干部年轻化,坚持正确的用人标准;实现教育公平,要恢复高考,正确对待学生,正确对待考试,提高教师待遇。邓小平的公平观,对于进一步维护社会公平正义具有重要的现实意义。

  4. Study on Sequence Stratigraphy of Zhujiang and Zhuhai Formations, Zhu Ⅲ Subbasin, Pearl River Mouth Basin, South China Sea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The early Miocene in the Zhu Ⅲ subbasin, the Pearl River Mouth basin, includes two formations—Zhujiang and Zhuhai. There are 8 third-order sequences, S1, S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7 and S8 from the bottom of Zhuhai to the top of Zhujiang in these two formations. There are only one transgressive systems tract (TST) and one highstand systems tract (HST) in each sequence because the whole Zhu Ⅲ subbasin was located updip the shelf break during sequence deposition. The boundaries and maximum flooding surfaces (mfs) are in good response to both gamma and acoustic log curves in the study area. In seismic profile 1249, sediments obviously onlap over the unconformity (SB0, the bottom of Zhuhai Fm), SB1 and SB2, but obviously over only SB2 in seismic profile 1283 since the well-developed faults in the subbasin. The sand bodies with high porosity and permeability for petroleum migration and accumulation had been reworked by tidal currents before their burial. Hence, the tidal influenced parasequence sets occur both in TST and HST. Through detailed analysis, the sand bodies in TST are more favorable for petroleum to migrate and accumulate than those in HST.

  5. 朱熹“咏理诗”解读%Analysis of ZhuXi Theory of Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱之润

    2014-01-01

    朱熹(1130-1200)既是哲学家、思想家、教育家,也是著名的文学家和诗人,其留下的诗歌就有一千余首。选取其中具有代表性咏理诗三篇予以分析。朱熹诗的最大艺术特色是以诗咏理,即能从闲适的生活现象和大自然万物景观中化入理学思想,悟出一种做人治学的大道理来。%Zhu Xi (1130-1200)is not only the history of our country's great philosopher, thinker, educator, but also a famous writer and poet. He has many books, which leaves poetry is more than one thousand. The greatest art characteristics of Zhu Xi's poems is to re-flect philosophy by means of artistic innovation from the leisurely life phenomena and things in nature landscape to a person's truth.

  6. 略论明孝宗的弊政%A Discussion of the Maladministration of Emperor Zhu Youtang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢忠帅

    2011-01-01

    明孝宗在位期间,采取积极措施,纠正前朝弊政,使明王朝走向中兴盛世。但受传统思想及自身经历的影响,明孝宗仍有一些弊政,如宠信权臣、宦官,偏袒外戚、宗亲,沉迷佛道、宫廷娱乐等。而这些弊政,不仅对当朝产生了不利影响,也为后来明武宗的腐败埋下了伏笔。%While Emperor Zhu Youtang was in power,he took some positive measures to correct the maladministration of the former emperor,and made the Ming Dynasty a flourishing age.Influenced by the traditional ideas and his own experiences,he still made some mistakes in administration during the Hong Zhi period,such as putting his trust in powerful chancellors and eunuchs,giving unprincipled protection both to his wife's relatives and his,indulging in Buddhism and Taoism and court entertainment.All of these maladies not only had a negative impact on the present dynasty,but also foreshadowed the later emperor Zhu Houzhao' corruption.

  7. 朱熹与闽南多元宗教%Zhu-xi and Southern Fujian Multi-religions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林振礼

    2012-01-01

    Southern Fujian, well-known as a Buddhism realm, is the convergent area of multi-religions. Zhu-xi was Tongan county registrar of Quanzhou prefecture during his early official career, while at his old age he chaired as magistrate of Zhangzhou prefecture, from which to form countless ties with southern Fujian multi-religions. Before securing his official position in Quanzhou, Zhu-xi had an intermixed learning:not only being edified by Confucius, Mencius, and idealist philosophy of the two Mr. Chen,but also often consulted Buddhist, visited the temples and practiced Buddhism. At the early stage of his official position in Tongan, Zhu-xi once indulged himself in Buddhism, nevertheless due to the political, economic and cultural reality of the whole Southern Song dynasty society as eye- viewed from Tongan county and Quanzhou prefecture, which made him get divorced from Buddhism and be re-affiliated to Confucius. The incident of Hu-jia~s setting up multi-storey building (Islamic temple) in Quanzhou provided references for him to deal with the challenges from Buddhism along with Manichean. Zhu-xi occasionally got involved with southern Fujian Manichean (Zoroastrianism) during his official career in Quanzhou, nevertheless when he took charge of Zhangzhou as magistrate he forbade it. In conclusion, Zhu-xi dealt with southern Fujian Multi-religions in a way of merging them but not of tolerating them.%闽南素称“佛国”,为多元宗教聚集之地。朱熹初仕任泉州同安县主簿,晚年出知漳州,与闽南多元宗教有着千丝万缕的关系。仕泉之前,朱熹所学杂驳,既受孔孟学说和二程理学的熏陶,又曾问禅学佛,访道焚修。同安任初,朱熹也曾沉浸于佛道。然而,通过从同安一县及泉州一郡透视整个南宋社会政治、经济、文化现实,使其接受李侗之教而“逃禅归儒”。泉州之“胡贾建层楼”(伊斯兰教寺)事件为朱熹应对禅佛教、摩尼教的挑战

  8. Research on Deng Xiaoping's economy harmonious development thought%邓小平经济和谐发展思想的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢婉玥

    2016-01-01

    邓小平思想是现代社会发展的指导方针,其中的经济和谐发展思想是实现社会主义现代化的点金石。为了跟好的实现社会的和谐发展,我们必须认识到经济和谐发展的重要性,以邓小平理论为指导,进行全面的可持续的社会经济建设发展。%Deng Xiao-ping's thoughts is the guidelines for the development of modern society, the harmonious development of economic thought is the touchstone to realize socialist modernization. In order to better achieve the harmonious development of society, we must realize the importance of the harmonious development of economy, guided by the Deng Xiao-ping theory, a comprehensive sustainable development of social economic construction.

  9. Talking about Deng Zhongxia's Theory of Ideological and Political Work%浅谈邓中夏思想政治工作理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李月英

    2012-01-01

    邓中夏作为我党早期工人运动的领导人,是马克思主义与中国工人运动相结合的开拓者。邓中夏在马克思主义理论的指导下,在结合具体的革命活动的实践的基础上,对思想政治工作的地位、内容、方法、原则等进行了既唯物又辩证的分析,他在思想政治工作理论方面做出了重要的贡献。%Deng Zhongxia as our party leader of the early workers' movement,is the Marx doctrine and union of photograph of Chinese labour movement pioneers.Deng Zhongxia in the Marx doctrine under the guidance of the theory,in combination with the specific revolutionary activitieson the basis of practice,on the status ofIdeologicalandpoliticalwork,contents,methods,principles of dialectical materialism to analyze.In his theory of Ideological and political work has made important contribution.

  10. 论邓小平的人才思想及其当代价值%Concept of Talent of Deng Xiaoping Theory and Its Contemporary Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢晓娟; 付瑶

    2014-01-01

    Deng Xiaoping Theory of talent education and cultivation, which is deep and profound, holds the idea that talent cultivation should break the talent bias and misunderstanding and the talents should be given due social status; meanwhile, education is the key to talent cultivation which is safeguarded by the Party’s correct effectiveness. The revelation of Deng Xiaoping Theory of talent to contemporary talent cultivation is that we should respect knowledge and intellectuals and keep watch against the monetary abduction of talents, that the talents are the unity of competence, political belief and high morality and that talent cultivation needs good learning style.%邓小平关于教育与人才培养的思想丰富而深刻,认为人才培养应打破对人才的偏见和误解,给予知识分子应有的社会地位;教育是培养人才的关键,正确发挥党的作用,为人才成长保驾护航。邓小平的人才思想给当代人才培养以启示:尊重知识,尊重人,防止权力和金钱对人才的绑架;人才是专业才能、政治信仰和高尚道德的统一,人才的培养要有好的学风。

  11. 试论邓小平的独立思考精神%A Study of Deng Xiaoping's Spirit of Independent Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖汉

    2001-01-01

    文章认为邓小平提出的独立思考,主要是指一种精神。独立思考的提出是有其历史性的。邓小平强调独立思考,并不是孤立思考、封闭思考,而是要尊重实践,尊重群众。鉴于改革和现代化建设的需要,创新的需要,人的生存和发展的需要,我们必须“接着”独立思考下去。%The author thinks that the Independent Thinking put forward by Deng Xiaoping mainly refers to a kind of spirit.The advance of the Independent Thinking has its own historical significance.Deng XiaoPing emphasized that the Independent Thinking is not the isolated thinking or closed thinking,however,it is to show respect for practice and show respect for the masses.For the need of reform and modernization,the need of innovations,and the need of existence and development of human beings,we must continue the independent thinking.

  12. An Analysis of Deng Xiaoping' s Concept of Socialism Stability%邓小平社会主义稳定观论析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡长青

    2012-01-01

    In the course of leading the Chinese people in the construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics, Deng Xiaoping has repeatedly touched upon the issue of stability and has put forth his complete concept of socialism stability. The study of the theory on the concept of socialism stability can help guide the current work, and deepening the overall understanding of Deng Xiaoping' s concept of socialism stability is of far-reaching significance in that it is conducive to building the socialist harmonious society and to facilitating the socialist modernization drive in our country.%邓小平在领导建设有中国特色的社会主义长期实践中,多次提出了有关稳定的问题,并形成了其完整的社会主义稳定观。学习邓小平的社会主义稳定观理论对当下工作具有指导意义。深化对邓小平社会主义稳定观的整体理解,有助于我国构建社会主义和谐社会及全面推进我国社会主义现代化建设,意义深远。

  13. 邓小平理论的逻辑起点研究之我见%My Views on Research About Logical Starting Points of Deng Xiaoping Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝一江

    2015-01-01

    There are many different views on logical starting point of Deng Xiaoping’s theory,such as the theory of the essence of socialism,the theory of the primary stage of socialism and the theory of truth standard.The paper pointed out that a single logical starting point is difficult to govern Deng Xi-aoping theory that involves various areas.We should find different logical starting points for various areas respectively.%关于邓小平理论的逻辑起点,有多种不同的观点,比如:社会主义的本质论、社会主义的初级阶段论、真理标准论。其实,一个单一的逻辑起点是很难统摄邓小平理论所涉及到的方方面面的,我们应该分别为邓小平理论所涉及到的不同方面找出不同的逻辑起点。

  14. Further Analysis on Deng Xiaoping' s Thoughts of Ecological Civilization%再论邓小平生态文明思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云兵

    2012-01-01

    生态文明是人类文明形态和文明发展理念、道路和模式的重大进步。邓小平生态文明思想立足于中国国情,以经济建设为中心,协调人口与资源环境和经济社会发展的关系,提出走可持续发展道路。新形势下,再次探析邓小平生态文明思想对社会主义现代化建设意义更加重要而深远。%The ecological civilization is a great progress in human civilization form and the civilization development concept, road and mode. Deng Xiaoping' s thought of ecological civilization, which is based on China' s national conditions and the economic construction is taken as the center, coordinate the relationship among the popula tion, the environment resources and economic and social development, and then proposed the path of sustainable deelopment. The significance of further analysis on Deng Xiaoping' s thought of ecological civilization is more imptant and farreaching on socialist modernization under the new situation.

  15. 邓小平生态环境思想探析%Discussion and analysis on Deng Xiaoping’s ecological environmental

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海霞; 王宗礼

    2014-01-01

    邓小平在探索中国特色社会主义道路的过程中,深入思考了人与自然的关系问题,他在继承马克思主义生态观的基础上,提出了以为民谋利为基点和归宿,科技进步为支撑,生态治理为保障,实现人口、资源、环境和经济社会协调持续发展为核心的生态环境思想。邓小平的生态环境思想至今闪耀着真理的光辉。%In the process of exploring the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, Deng Xiaoping thought deeply about the problem of the relationship between human and nature. On the basis of Marxist ecological view, which Deng Xiaoping carried on, he put forward the idea of ecological environment which its basic point and the end-result was benefiting the people; its support was scientific and technological progress; its guarantee was ecological management, and its core was to realize coordinated and sustainable development in population, resources, environment, economy and society. Deng’s idea of ecological environment still shines with the brilliance of the truth.

  16. Comparison of Versions for Moonlight over the Lotus Pond(Excerpts)-Take Versions by Zhu Chunshen and Yang Xianyi,Dainaidie as an Exam-ple

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴雨轩

    2015-01-01

    According to the characteristics of prose,”aesthetic qualities”are the most important and difficult elements for transla-tors to surmount. Generally speaking,the”beauty”of prose is mainly embodied in its formal and nor-formal systems, and the ideal for prose translation is, of course, to realize the“aesthetic elements”at both levels. This thesis will take the prose He Tang Yue Se (paragraph three) an example to analyze this by contrasting the two versions by Zhu Chunshen (Zhu) and Yang Xianyi and Dai Naidie(Yang/Dai).

  17. Deng Lu邓露

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RACHEL QIU

    2008-01-01

    @@ Chestnut Vendor,Jin Li Sheng How long have you been selling chestnuts for,and what are your working hours like? I have been working here for almost three years and work sixdays a week.Our store opens at 8:30am and closes at 9:30pm.

  18. On Rao Jiong’s theory of the Zhuan-zhu%论饶炯的加符转注说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑伟

    2012-01-01

      六书之中,人们对转注的争议最大,众说纷纭。晚清学者饶炯在转注研究中独树一帜,创造性地提出了加符转注说,认为转注的实质是本字通过加形符或声符来实现文字孳乳的造字过程。他以王筠的分别文、累增字理论为基础,总结出了六种转注类型。转注字与被注字意义相同是其基本特征。同时还对所加形符和声符进行了系统的分类。他的学说对后世影响很大,当代学者多受其启发。不过,饶炯在加声符转注字中往往忽略了转注字与被注字的声音一致原则,还不够完善。%  The notion of the Zhuan-zhu with various interpretations has caused the most controversy in the study of the Liu-shu in which Rao Jiong had creatively advanced a new additional symbol theory. Rao argued that the essence of the Zhuan-zhu is a process in which an original character turns into a new one through adding certain pictographic and phonetic symbols. Rao had summed up six Zhuan-zhu types based on the character’s accumulation theory by Wang Yun and their common feature is the constant meaning for the original character and the new one. Rao also had systematically classified those pictographic and phonetic symbols. Rao’s theory produced a great in-fluence in later ages and many contemporary scholars agree with him. Howev-er, Rao Jiong who had some unsuccessful points tended to ignore some iden-tical principle.

  19. Characteristics of trace element composition of Sibin Bian-stone infused water%泗滨砭石冲泡水的微量元素成分特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢先德; 江洁慈; 刘颖; 涂湘林

    2013-01-01

      泗滨砭石是一种产于山东古泗水流域的结构致密、含 CaCO3高达96%的微晶灰岩,本文分别用超纯开水和加入多元素等离子体标准溶液的开水,对泗滨砭石碎块进行冲泡实验,在不同时段用 ICP-AES 和ICP-MS 分别测定冲泡液中微量元素的含量,以了解饮用砭石泡水的水质状况.实验取得了如下结果:(1)超纯开水的冲泡液不含对人体有害的 Cd、Cr、Cu、Pb 和 Zn 等重金属元素,但含有很微量的 Ca、Mg、Sr、Na、K 和 Si 等常见元素,其含量随着冲泡时间的延长呈现上升的趋势,但都大大低于国家对生活用水质量标准的指标,且冲泡液的 pH 值稳定在8.1~8.2之间,呈弱碱性,口感较好.(2)在加入标准溶液的冲泡液中,主要常见元素的含量,均随着冲泡时间的延长和 pH 值的上升呈连续增高趋势,但稀土元素和对人体有害重金属元素,以及绝大多数金属离子的含量都呈连续下降的趋势.(3)CaCO3的溶解、金属离子碳酸盐沉淀和金属离子与 CaCO3表面之间的吸附,是导致冲泡液中绝大多数金属离子浓度呈连续下降趋势的三个主要因素.(4)砭石冲泡的水虽无毒无害,口感较好,并具有降低冲泡用水中有害重金属元素浓度和对人体适当补充Ca 和 K 的功能,但由于各种离子的浓度都比较低,饮用砭石冲泡水与饮用一般的弱碱性瓶装水的差别并不很大.%The Sibin Bian-stone is a structurally compact micromeritic limestone with 96%of CaCO3. In order to comprehend the quality of Sibin Bian-stone infused water for drinking, we measured trace elements in two type infused waters, one is in pure boiled water and the other is in boiled water with added multi-element standard solution using ICP-AES and ICP-MS techniques, respectively. The results of our study are as follows: (1) The pure boiled infused water does not contain heavy metallic elements that are

  20. DENG Xiaoping's Ideal and Faith and Its Contemporary Significance%邓小平理想信念观及其现实意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁垚

    2015-01-01

    Firm and lofty ideal and faith are always powerful spiritual pillar of DENG Xiaoping and the members of the Communist Party of China.DENG Xiaoping was a staunch Marxist and conscientiously put Marxist ideal and faith to the prac-tice of the Chinese revolution,construction and reforms,forming a complete view of the ideal and belief,which scientifically an-swers the questions of what are ideals and beliefs,why do we firmly believe the ideals and beliefs and how to stick to the ideal and belief.These are theoretical achievements of localization of Marxist beliefs in China.Review of DENG Xiaoping's ideals and beliefs will contribute to strengthening our communist belief,devoting self-consciously ourselves to the cause of building so-cialism with Chinese characteristics and to realize the China dream of great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.%坚定而崇高的理想信念一直是邓小平和中国共产党人强大的精神支柱。邓小平是一位坚定的马克思主义者,他自觉地把马克思主义理想信念运用于中国的革命、建设和改革实践中,形成了一套完备的理想信念观。邓小平理想信念观科学地回答了理想信念是什么,为什么要坚定理想信念,怎样坚守理想信念等要义,是马克思主义理想信念观中国化的理论成果。重温邓小平理想信念观有助于坚定共产主义的崇高信仰,自觉投身社会主义伟大事业中,实现中华民族伟大复兴中国梦。

  1. Vertical Migration of Petroleum via Faults in Zhu Ⅲ Subbasin, Pearl River Mouth Basin, South China Sea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The problem that faults act as a conduit for hydrocarbon-bearing fluid flow has been under debate for a long time. The southern boundary fault (FS) and No.2 fault belt in the Zhu Ⅲ subbasin in the Pearl River Mouth basin (PRMB) of South China Sea (SCS) are considered as the conduit of hydrocarbons for the oil and gas fields in the hydrocarbon-generating half grabens. Based upon the basin modeling and seismic velocity inversion simulation, there are abnormal-pressure compartments in the central part of half grabens. Wenchang, Enping and Zhuhai FormationⅡare seated within the abnormal-pressure zone, while the Zhuhai Formation Ⅰ is within the pressure-transition zone. The abnormal pressure was mainly caused by undercompaction due to the high rate of sedimentation for layers with an abnormal pressure. The increase of temperature of inclusions as the increase of depth supports vertical migration via faults in the study area.

  2. Curative effect Observation of Long Zhu ointment after anorectal surgery%肛肠疾病术后应用龙珠软膏的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王庆杰; 李丽; 刘艳茹

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To explore the therapeutic effect of Long Zhu ointment on wound healing after anorectal surgery.Methods:610 cases of anorectal surgery were selected.We evenly covered the postoperative wound of the hemorrhoids,anal fissure,perianal abscess,anal fistula with Long Zhu ointment,or took Long Zhu ointment gauze into the anus.We compared the wound healing situation,symptoms and syndromes of patients before and after the treatment.Results:Long Zhu ointment can promote the wound healing of hemorrhoids,perianal abscess,anal fissure after the operation.The rate of significant efficiency were 98.5%,98%,97.6%respectively.Conclusion:Long Zhu ointment can promote wound healing after anorectal postoperative.%目的:探讨龙珠软膏对肛肠疾病术后创面愈合的治疗效果。方法:选择肛肠病手术患者610例,将龙珠软膏均匀涂抹覆盖在痔、肛裂、肛周脓肿、肛瘘术后创面上,或将龙珠软膏纱条塞入肛内,对患者用药前后创面愈合状况、症状及体征进行比较。结果:龙珠软膏促进痔疮、肛周脓肿、肛瘘术后创面愈合,显效率分别为98.5%、98%、97.6%。结论:龙珠软膏能有效地促进肛肠病术后创面愈合。

  3. 论邓小平“南方谈话”的发展理念%On the Developmental Idea of Deng Xiaoping's Southern Talk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚嵩

    2012-01-01

    邓小平在“南方谈话”中就发展的政治保障、直接动力、基本要求和根本目的提出了一系列全新的理念,这些发展理念使其发展理论形成了系统而科学的形态,为科学发展观的形成奠定了坚实的理论基础。%Deng Xiaoping's southern talk put forward a series of new developmental ideas in terms of political security, direct driving force, basic requirements and fundamental purpose of development which is a systematic and scientific form and lays a solid theoretical foundation for formation of the scientific outlook on development.

  4. 浅析邓小平的民本思想%Analyses of Deng Xiao-ping’s Ideology of People's Departmentalism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗伟伦

    2001-01-01

    Deng Xiao-ping didn’t clearly advance any anthropological the theory,but his view on human thought,especially the people's departmentalism has abandunt contents and distinct features. To learn and grasp this heritage is not only practical but also of historic significance.%邓小平虽然没有明确提出“人学”这一概念,但人的思想,尤其是人民本位思想内容丰富、特色鲜明。深刻学习和领会他的这份思想遗产具有重大的现实意义和深远的理论意义。

  5. The exploration of DENG Xiaoping's social public servant thought%邓小平社会公仆思想探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐立波

    2014-01-01

    With DENG Xiaoping as the core of the second generation of collective leadership ,the party has carried on the development of social public servant thought of paris commune .We should do well in ideological and political work , im-prove the legal system , perfect the supervision mechanism ,build a clean government ,propagate the positive example ,safe-guard people's rights and prevent the public servants become master .%以邓小平为核心的第二代领导集体对巴黎公社社会公仆思想进行了发展。应做好思想政治工作;健全法制,完善监督机制;加强党风廉政建设;弘扬榜样巨大力量;保障人民权利,防止公仆变主人。

  6. Proof Study of Zhu Yunshan and Li Guangjiong’s Relationship%朱蕴山与李光炯关系考论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李应青

    2016-01-01

    朱蕴山和李光炯都是安徽近现代史上重要的人物。二人的交往始于1906年朱蕴山求学安庆之时,朱蕴山在安庆投身革命,正是受了李光炯等人在安徽大力倡导社会进步的影响。其后虽然李光炯主要从事教育,而朱蕴山则致力武装斗争和政党运动,但二人志同道合,相互支持,尤其在当时恶劣的环境中,李光炯常能给朱蕴山以有力的保护。建国后,朱蕴山曾担任全国人大常委会副委员长、全国政协副主席、民革中央主席等重要职务,他对李光炯先生的一生事业仍予以高度肯定,两人的革命情谊,历久弥新,成为安徽近代革命史上的一段佳话。%Zhu Yunshan and Li Guangjiong are both improtant figures in modern history of Anhui.Their intercourse started in 1906,when Zhu Yunshan was seeking for kenowledge in Anqing.Zhu Yunshan was influenced by Li Guangjiong who vigorously promote social progress and then he decided to devote himself to the revolution of China.Afterward, although Li Guangjiong was mainly engaged in education and Zhu Yunshan was committed to armed struggle and political movement, they were friends with a common goal and mutual support, especially in the tough environment of that time, Li Guangjiong often gave Zhu Yunshan a strong protection. After the founding of the people’s Republic of China, Zhu Yunshan served as vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, vice chairman of the CPPCC Na-tional Committee, chairman of KMT Central Committee and he spoke highly of the life career of Li Guangjiong. The revolutionary friendship between two people, newer with time, become a good story of Anhui revolution in modern history.

  7. 《法苑珠林校注》校勘补遗%A Supplement to Collation and Annotation of Fa Yuan Zhu Lin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范崇高

    2016-01-01

    Fa Yuan Zhu Lin is one of the most important Buddhist literature. Collation and Annotation of Fa Yuan Zhu Lin publi shed by Zhonghua Book Company, is an excellent book on the collation of ancient books. However, some sentences are misleadi ng due to missing collation. This paper aims at supplementing collation suggestions to seventeen sentences in this book.%《法苑珠林》是研究佛教文化最为重要的文献之一,中华书局出版的《法苑珠林校注》是一部上乘的古籍整理著作,但其中偶有一些词句因为失校而影响文意的正确理解,今提出16条校勘意见,供研究者参考。

  8. Deng Zhenglais Search for the “Ideal Image” or the Paradigmatic Crisis of Chinese Law? Discussion from the Perspective of the Legal Culture Discourse in the 21st Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnes S. Schick-Chen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the first decade of the 21st century, the author of the book entitled “Wither Chinese Jurisprudence“ stepped forward to offer a critique of the unquestioned and undertheorized orientation of the Chinese legal science towards modernity. Widely and critically discussed, Deng Zhenglai's appeal for a new ideal picture of Chinese law based on a reinterpretation and new understanding of China herself can be seen both as a seizure in and outcome of the many discussions on law and culture that had started off in the first decade of reform and opening and were continued in the times of a “Socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics”. The following text shows that the issue of identity of Chinese legal scholars was an inherent part of the discourse on Chinese legal culture, and that Dengs book has to be understood in this context.

  9. 朱淑真咏梅诗词中的人生观照%The life contemplation in Zhu Shu-zhen’s Yongmei poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵文颖

    2013-01-01

    梅花是众多词人钟爱的意象之一,历来是文人墨客赞咏的对象。宋代才女朱淑真,一生写作了大量的咏梅诗词,梅如朱淑真灵魂的化身,高洁、孤傲、飘逸。对梅花的关爱中朱淑真也蕴藏着对自身的怜惜之情,怜梅与自怜紧密相连。%Plum blossom is one of the many images of poets love, is always the object of literature and writing poems. Zhu Shu-zhen in Song Dynasty, has written a large number of poems of plum, plum as the embodiment of Zhu Shuzhen's soul, noble, elegant, lonely. Zhu Shu-zhen also hold their own pity in the love of plum blossom, pity of plum blossom and self-pity is closely connected.

  10. 浅析云南建水朱家花园景观艺术%Art Analysis of Landscape Architecture Of Zhu's Garden in Jianshui County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈东博

    2013-01-01

    Zhu's Garden is the treasures of "Museum of Old Architecture"and the "Museum of the Common People's House"in Jianshui County ,and is famed as the live specimen of People's Living Culture .From the practical investigation about the totality arrangement ,architecture landscape ,plant landscape and space cir-cumstances landscape in the Zhu'Garden ,this article analyzes the methods of creating garden landscape . Combining with all kinds of knowledge in theory ,it also summarizes the features of partly landscape ,entirely landscape and all space environment landscape ,and uses the building methods of classical garden to evaluate the landscaping of Zhu's Garden and other southern private landscaping garden .%  指出了人居文化的活标本---朱家花园,是云南建水县古建筑文化和民居建筑文化的艺术珍品。对朱家花园建筑布局、整体景观特色及空间环境进行了实地调研,总结了朱家花园整体布局、各功能分区景观艺术特色、环境空间艺术特点,并运用古典园林造园手法分析与评价了朱家花园实景以及其他南方私家园林景观。

  11. Quotations of Zhu Xi and Chinese dictionary%从《朱子语类》词语看《汉语大词典》之疏失

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李申; 刘兴忠

    2014-01-01

    《朱子语类》是一部记载南宋理学家朱熹讲学内容的语录体著作,对汉语史研究具有重要的语料价值。笔者在翻检《汉语大词典》的过程中,发现《语类》中不少词语并没有受到应有的重视。从词语失收、释义不确、书证缺失、例证晚出等几个方面对《汉语大词典》提出订补意见。%Quotations of Zhu Xi records the lectures of the Confucian scholar Zhu Xi in Southern Song dynasty ,and it is of great influence upon the historical study of Chinese .The writers of this paper argue that Quotations of Zhu Xi should be given sufficient attention for the updating of Chinese dictionary .The loss of words ,paraphrasing inaccuracy ,and incomplete bibliographical notes can hopefully be corrected .

  12. Sources and distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in street dust from the Chang-Zhu-Tan Region, Hunan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Yongzhen; Dai, Tagen; Wu, Qianhong

    2013-02-01

    Street dusts collected from 20 locations in the Chang-Zhu-Tan (Changsha, Zhuzhou, and Xiangtan) region, Hunan, China, in May to July 2006, were investigated for sources of polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The individual PAH concentrations were in the range of 10-4316 ng g(-1), and ∑PAHs(16) levels were in the range of 3,515-24,488 ng g(-1), with a mean of 8,760 ng g(-1). The high-molecular-weight PAHs (four to six rings), ranging from 47.51 to 82.11 %, with a mean of 74.79 %, were the dominant PAH compounds in almost all of the dusts. The isomer ratios suggested a rather uniform mixture of coal combustion and petroleum PAH sources. Factor analysis and multiple linear regression analysis indicate that the main sources of the 16 PAHs were coal combustion/vehicle exhaust, coking/petroleum, and plant combustion, with contribution rates of 50.9, 35.01, and 14.08, respectively. The spatial distributions of PAH concentrations were significantly related to the distribution of industries, traffic circulation, and farmland in this region.

  13. By the Principle of the Heart——On Preliminary Effect of the Mind Concept in Zhu Xi's Philosophy on the Philosophy of the Mind of Zhu Zi effect preparatively the study of mind%由理即心——略论朱子哲学中的心灵概念对心学的预备性影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋益

    2015-01-01

    对于近古中国的儒学思想史,无论章太炎所谓"宋明之异"抑或是章学诚所谓"朱陆之同",都是从宋(理)明(心)有别的大前提出发予以讨论的,本文从朱子哲学对"理欲""人心"概念的辨析、论述中发掘出明(心)学崛起的内在理论因素;并认为朱子体系中"天理""人心"的紧张关系导致了后世心学"以心证理"的理论转向,其心灵概念中已经蕴含了后世心学的某些理论内涵.%Regardless of what Zhang Taiyan called "distinctions between Zhu Xi 's philosophy of science and Wang Yangming 's philosophy of the mind" or what Zhang Xuecheng named"similarities between Zhu Xi and Lu Jiuyuan", the history of Confucianism in ancient and contemporary China was discussed grounded upon the differences between Zhu's philosophy of science and Wang's philosophy of the mind. By combing such concepts as"desire" and "heart" in Zhu Xi's philosophy of science, the present paper uncovers the internal factors leading to the rise of the philosophy of the mind;the paper holds that the tension between "justice" and "heart" in Zhu Xi's system gives rise to the theoretical shift to the concept of"the heart used to justify the desire" in the philosophy of the mind whose mind concept embodies some theoretical connotations in the philosophy of the mind.

  14. 东汉邓禹家族的文德教育与文学成就%The Virtue-Literary Education and Literary Achievements of Deng Yu's Family in Eastern Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘德杰

    2012-01-01

    邓禹家族是东汉世族中"可以为后世法"的文化典范。他们注重德行与文学教育,培养了矜重内敛、好尚学问而不弃武略的家风。邓禹家族文学主要是政治家的文学,以严密的理性分析见长,彰显了邓氏政治家经纬天下的胸怀与韬略,对汉魏政治、经学、文史之学影响很深。%Deng Yu's family is a cultural model in Eastern Han Dynasty that would be followed by the later generations of nobility. The family always pays attention to education in virtue and literature, thus develops a family tradition that is reserved, introverted, eager to learn and not underestimating military strategy. Deng Yu family's literature is mainly of political nature, known for rigorous rational analysis, which demonstrates Deng's mind and military strategy in charge of the country. Deng Yu family's literature influences profoundly on the politics, Confucianism, literature and historiography in Han-Wei period.

  15. CO2 Özümlemesinde C-3 ve C-4 Tipi Bitkilerde Fotosentez-Solunum Denge Noktalarının Belirlenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. TÜRK

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Bilindiği gibi yüksek yapılı bitkilerin çok büyük bir bölümü fotosentezde ilk ve kararlı bileşik olarak 3 karbonlu hidrokarbonları üretirken, bir bölümü de 4 karbonlu bileşikleri üretirler. Bu bitkilerin belirlenmesinde değişik yöntemler kullanılır. Bu çalışmada, C-3 ve C-4 bitkilerinde CO2 denge noktası pratik ve basit pH metodu ile ölçülmüştür. Bu metod sulandırılmış NaHCO3 çözeltisinin pH değerlerinin bu çözelti içinde çözünen CO2 miktarına göre değişmesi ilkesine dayanmaktadır. Çözünen CO2 miktarı, çözelti dengede olduğunda atmosferdeki CO2'in kısmi basıncına bağlıdır. Böylece daha düşük atmosferik CO2 konsantrasyonu daha yüksek NaHCO3 - pH değerini verir. Çalışma sonucunda elde ettiğimiz veriler C-4 bitkilerinin C-3 bitkilerine göre daha düşük CO2 konsantrasyonlarında fotosenteze devam ettiklerini göstermiştir. Bitkilerdeki bu farklı CO2 denge noktaları C-3 ve C-4 bitkilerinin teşhisinde kullanılabilecek en önemli kriterlerden biridir.

  16. 邓小平休闲思想及当代价值研究%Leisure Thought of Deng Xiaoping and Its Contemporary Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩凤霞

    2014-01-01

    随着高科技的迅猛发展,人类社会经济发展正在迈入一个全新的时代---休闲经济时代,也必将迎来休闲社会。对休闲问题的研究体现对人类生存真正目的的思考,探究休闲思想便应运而生。新中国成立后,邓小平非常重视大众休闲和人民的自由时间。其休闲思想是对马克思主义关于人的自觉劳动和自由发展理论的继承。探究邓小平关于休闲的观点和论断,并以之来指导当前我国休闲经济的发展实践,对贯彻“以人为本”的科学发展观,和实现人的自由而全面发展的理论,构建社会主义和谐社会,以及人类向往的休闲社会,都有十分重要的理论意义和实践意义。%With the rapid development of high-tech,the economic development of human society is entering a new era-the era of leisure economy and will welcome the leisure society for sure as well. Study on leisure issues embodied the thinking of the real purposes of human’s survival,thus exploring of leisure ideas appeared on the scene. After the founding of new China,Deng Xiaoping attached great importance to public leisure and people’s free time and his leisure thoughts were the successor to the conscious labor and free development of Marx’s theory on human. Exploring the leisure ideas and arguments of Deng Xiaoping and using it to guide the development of our country’s current prac-tice of leisure economy have great important theoretical and practical significance on implementing the“people-oriented”scientific development view,realizing people’s free and all-round development theory,and constructing the socialistic harmonious society and the leisure society which human beings yearn for.

  17. 用深沉掩真挚 从玩笑出心酸——卞之琳前期诗歌创作(1930~1937)悲情意识论%Sincerity Hidden by Real Feelings, Sadness Revealed from Joke —— Tragic Consciousness Theory of Bian Zhilin' s Early Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯敏

    2011-01-01

    卞之琳一向以"智性"诗人著称,但在其前期的诗歌创作中却明显流露出浓重的悲情意识。本文用人本学、社会学、心理学等多种批评方法,剖析与阐释这种悲情意识的缘起、文本呈现、得与失等几个问题,从而更加全面地明晰卞之琳在文学中的重要地位与意义。%Bian Zhilin has always been famous as an" intellectual" poet, but his early poems clearly showed strong tragic flavor. This paper intends to analyze and interpret the origin of his tragicconsciousness, the text and gains and losses in the critical way of Humanism, sociology and psychology hoping to comprehensively figure out Bian Zhilin' s important status and significance in the contemporary history.

  18. 七等生小说的自我认同与自我超越%Self -recognition and Self -transcendence of QI Deng-sheng’s Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘翔

    2015-01-01

    QI Deng -sheng’s Novels express his personal psychological experiences and the reflection of his philosophy .In his novels ,he examines his own inner world sincerely ,and shows the social unrea‐sonable distortion of human nature and his terrible living conditions .Through his works ,he seeks to find a way to get out of his own trouble ,showing the same trouble for many modern people ,which is exactly the common emotion and demand of mankind and also the fascinating places in his works .%七等生的小说是他个人的心理经历与哲学思索的体现。在他的小说中他真诚地审视自我的内心世界,透过小说的形式表现出社会对人性种种不合理的扭曲及个人所遭遇到的生存困境。他通过作品为个人的生存困境寻求出口,也呈现出现代人所共同遭遇的困境。这正是人类所共通的情感及需求,也是七等生的作品中令人着迷之处。

  19. Discussion the coaching style on Yunus and Deng huade%尤纳斯与邓华德执教风格探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王飞; 张加军

    2013-01-01

      通过文献资料和视频资料法对前国家男篮主教练尤纳斯和邓华德的执教风格进行研究,主要围绕执教理念和执教能力两方面进行分析,最后探讨两位外教执教风格给我们的启示,希望能够为中国篮球运动的发展提供有益的参考。%The research analyze the coaching style on Yunus and Deng huade as former coach of China men ’ s basketball team by using the method of the data of literature and video , mainly on the idea and ability of coaching. And also to discuss some revelation on our china basketball team , attempts to give some useful reference for the development of basketball in china .

  20. Leisure Aesthetics of Zhu Dunru%朱敦儒诗词中的休闲美学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章辉

    2012-01-01

    As a great poet of Southern Song Dynasty, Zhu Dunm' s literal works give us the following information: he puts high values on freedom from leisure; his views on ethics ( such as "leaving the secular world", "eliminating mundane affairs", and "meeting friends, enjoying beautiful scenery" ) show his appreciation on the beauty of person- ality which can be summarized as "idle and broad-minded". His leisure activities ( such as traveling, hunting, ap- preciating flowers, gardening, playing instruments, fishing, enjoying food and sleeping, etc. ) are full of aesthetic significance, elegant but not a highbrow song, popular but not vulgar.%朱敦儒是南宋著名词人,从其诗词可以看出:他高度重视休闲的自由之价值,“出红尘”、“胸中无事”、“会良朋、逢美景”的休闲伦理观,展现了对人格美的推崇;他的人格美形态可提炼为“闲旷”,并通过旅行、游猎,赏花、种植,弹琴、垂钓,饮食、睡眠等休闲活动选择审美方式,达到了高雅而非高蹈,通俗而不庸俗的美学境界。

  1. The Practice of Zhu Xi's Literary Criticism Manifests the Authors'Personality%朱熹文艺批评实践对主体人格的彰显

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨万里

    2014-01-01

    In the process of literary criticism , personality determines artistic character , which constitutes Zhu Xi's consistent principle .This principle could be applicable not only to his poetry assessment , but also to his calli-graphy and painting criticism .His calligraphy criticism to some extent relates to the workstation and the skill levels . But the personality was the deciding factor .Too good personality or too bad personality would not be good for the as-sessment of the workstation and skills .Usually Zhu Xi analyzed the relation between calligraphy and subjects from two aspects, namely, commenting on calligraphy according to the personality and observing the character of the writer according to his calligraphy .The unity of the calligraphy and personality influenced Zhu Xi's discussion of the main cultivation and creation mentality .%朱熹在品评文艺的过程中秉承的一贯宗旨即是以人格定艺格。他评诗文如此,评字画亦毫无例外。他论书法虽在一定程度上也涉及工拙、技法层面的问题,但起决定作用的还是主体之人格。人格过人则不复论其工拙,人格不佳则文艺作品再精工其格亦属低下。朱熹在论及书法与主体关系时大抵涉及两个向度,即以人论书和以书观人。而书格与人格的统一性又影响着朱熹对主体修养与创作心态的论述。

  2. The Therapeutic Effects of Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Mixture in 50 Psychotic Patients with Obesity Induced by the Psychoactive Drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁国安; 余国汉; 张教东; 梁绍材; 刘丽勤; 黄鹏; 陈惠娟; 肖爱祥; 李小芳; 蔡颖莲

    2005-01-01

    @@ In order to observe the therapeutic effects of Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Mixture (芩桂术甘汤) on obesity induced by psychoactive drugs, 100 psychotics with obesity induced by psychoactive drugs were randomly divided into a treatment group (50 cases)and a control group (50 cases) for a 8-week treatment.The changes were determined by means of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS) with the body weight recorded before and after treatment. The results showed that the total effective rate was 72% in the treatment group, and 14% in the control group,with the former obviously superior to the latter (P<0.01). The BPRS scores were 33.02t7.34 in the treatment group and 32.39± 3.51 in the control group before treatment; and 20.38±5.10 in the treatment group and 20.82± 1.75 in the control group after treatment. The BPRS scores were obviously reduced after treatment in the two groups (both P<0.01), but with no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). This indicates that the Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Mixture does not influence the curative effect of the psychoactive drugs while showing the body weight-reducing effect. Therefore, the Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Mixture can be used for those psychotic patients with obesity induced by the psychoactive drugs (the incidence is 10-25%) in their continuous course of treatment with the latter drugs.

  3. On Zhu Xi's Harmony Quartet and its Impact on Contemporary Society%朱子和谐四重奏与当代社会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱人求

    2011-01-01

    朱子是宋代新儒学的集大成者,是中华文化承先启后、继往开来的文化巨人。朱子和谐观包含四重含义:心和、人和、协和、中和,它们分别指向身心和谐、人际和谐、世界和谐和天人和谐,具有多维性和普遍性,是一个逐步放大的同心圆,一个逐步上升的理想境界。朱子的和谐四重奏,由低级到高级,由自我到他人,由人际到国别,由人类到宇宙,奏响了一曲美妙的乐章,对当代和谐社会的建构意义深远。%Zhu Xi is the greatest master of Neo-Confucianism in the Song Dynasty and a cultural giant in Chinese culture.Zhu Xi's theory of harmony contains four implications: harmony of mind,human,Concorde and medium,which respectively refer to harmony between body and mind,between persons,between countries and between nature and human.With multidimensionality and universality,Zhu Xi's harmony quartet is a step-by-step enlargement of concentric circles,a gradually rising ideal realm,from low to high,from self to others,from interpersonal to national,from human to universe,like a beautiful piece of music,which will have a far-reaching significance for the present construction of a harmonious society.

  4. 《静志居琴趣》:朱冯情缘及其对朱彝尊词风之影响%Seishi Habitat Qinqu:Zhu - Fengˊs Love and its Impact on Zhu Yizunˊs Ci Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢艺苑

    2016-01-01

    Zhu Yizun,the dean of West Zhejiang Ci School character,had influenced the Ci writing for a long period in Early Qing Dynasty with his Ci style of alcohol Masayuki. His secret love with Feng Shouchang,his wifeˊs young sister,which has great impact on the formation of Zhuˊs Ci style,has rarely been mentioned. Seishi Habitat Qinqu,which records in details their feelings,reveals some implicit traces about their romance trajectory. In this Ci collection,Zhu describes their love experience with concentrated language,sincere affection and depressed feeling and it is this emotional state that leads to Zhuˊs new Ci style of embarked alcohol and rich elegance.%朱彝尊是浙西词派的泰斗人物,其醇雅之词风影响清初词坛多年。他与妻妹冯寿长的隐秘恋情甚少被人提起,然而他词风的形成却与这段压抑的恋情密切相关。《静志居琴趣》中记录了两人感情的细节,并隐约显现出二人恋情的轨迹。朱氏在此词集中以缩笔的手法、真挚的感情、压抑的状态写出了二人的感情经历,同时这种状态亦使朱氏的词风走上了醇雅的道路。

  5. 朱珊教授治疗小儿久泻临证经验%Experience of Professor Zhu Shan for treating children diarrhea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周文娟; 朱珊; 刘俊可; 王潘涛

    2016-01-01

    朱珊教授治疗小儿腹泻,立足于“脾虚失运”的基本病机,重视脾胃生理功能的恢复,灵活运用健脾止泻颗粒加减施治,每获良效。%Professor Zhu Shan treated children diarrhea, according to basic pathogenesis of Pixu Shiyun. Recovery physiological function of Pi and Wei was paid attention. The Jianpi Zhixie particle was applied by syndrome differentiation treatment, and shows a good effect.

  6. Antioxidant Formulae, Shengmai San, and LingGuiZhuGanTang, Prevent MPTP Induced Brain Dysfunction and Oxidative Damage in Mice

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The present study was designed to evaluate the preventive effect of antioxidative traditional oriental medicine formulae, Shengmai San (SMS) and LingGuiZhuGanTang (LGZGT), against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) (i.p 30 mg·kg−1 for 5 consecutive days) induced neurotoxicity. In in vitro antioxidant assays measured with Trolox and butyl hydroxyl toluene as reference antioxidant revealed that SMS has higher scavenging potential against hydroxyl radical than superoxide anion r...

  7. Liu et al. suspect that Zhu et al. (2015) may have underestimated dissolved organic nitrogen (N) but overestimated total particulate N in wet deposition in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xuejun; Xu, Wen; Pan, Yuepeng; Du, Enzai

    2015-07-01

    In a recent publication in the journal Science of the Total Environment, Zhu et al. (2015) reported the composition, spatial patterns, and factors influencing atmospheric wet nitrogen (N) deposition based on one year's data from 41-monitoring sites in China. We suspect their results may largely underestimate dissolved organic N (DON) but overestimate total particulate N (TPN) in wet deposition due to the uncertainty resulting from the sampling, storage and analysis methods in their study. Our suspicions are based mainly on our experience from earlier measurements and the literature. We therefore suggest that enhanced data quality control on atmospheric N deposition measurements should be taken into account in future studies.

  8. Zhu Yuanzhang's Application of The Art of War%朱元璋对《孙子兵法》的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶欣

    2012-01-01

    据《明太祖宝训》记载,明太祖朱元璋与侍臣曾两次研讨《孙子兵法》。朱元璋受其身边爱好《孙子兵法》的侍臣的影响,屡屡对《孙子兵法》加以应用,虽质疑《孙子兵法》的相关思想,但其治军和作战的精髓思想依然有孙武的影子。朱元璋汲取孙武兵学思想中秉持经世致用的原则,极其注重孙武任将和用兵的思想,在作战历程中强调《孙子兵法》战略战术思想,这些均证明了《孙子兵法》作为“跨时代、跨国界、跨领域”的经世佳作对朱元璋产生的重要影响。%According to the records in Sermon of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang,Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang twice dis- cussed The Art of War with his courtiers. Influenced by his courtiers who liked The Art of War, Zhu Yuanzhang applied The Art of War repeatedly. Although he questioned the related thoughts in The Art of War, the influence of The Art of War could still be found in his thoughts of governing the forces and military practices. Zhu Yuanzhang absorbed the principle of administration and pragmatism in Sun Tzu 's military science,paid much attention to Sun Tzu 's thought of assigning the generals and carrying out the military practices, and emphasized on the strategic and tactical thoughts in TheArt of War in his military practices,which fully approved he was deeply influenced by The Art of War, the administrative classics which was beyond the times, borders and fields.

  9. On Deng Xiaoping ’ s Diplomatic Thoughts towards African Countries%论邓小平对非洲国家的外交政策思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚明

    2014-01-01

    The relationship between China and African countries has been essential ingredient of the Chi -nese foreign relationship .After the reform and opening-up, China has maintained friendship and continuity of policies with and towards African countries , meanwhile there have been some shifts in Chinese foreign policy towards Africa compared with that of the 1950 s to 1970 s.Deng Xiaoping made great contributions to the ad-justment of Chinese foreign policy towards Africa .His main thoughts include the following:China will always stand on the side of the third world , and will never seek hegemony;China will go on to aid Africa;China will undermine the ideology of the relationship of the CCP and the foreign parties; China will seek equality and mu-tual benefit in economy , exchange development experience , and struggle against hegemonism .Practically, the relationship between China and African countries in 1980 s formed a connecting link between the proceeding and the following and continued to forge ahead , which not only emphasized Africa ’ s importance in the world politics in the period of Mao Zedong , but also enhanced the meaning of economical diplomacy , and strength-ened the economical foundation of the economical cooperation between China and African countries .Due to the significance African countries play in the world and China ’ s foreign relations , there is historic and realistic significance in the research on Deng Xiaoping ’ s thoughts towards and impact on African countries .%中国与非洲国家的关系是中国对外关系的重要组成部分。与50-70年代中国对非洲国家外交政策的特点相比,改革开放以后的中国对非洲国家的外交政策在保持友好合作和政策连续性的同时,出现了一些变化。邓小平在中非外交政策调整中作出了重大贡献,主要思想有:中国永远站在第三世界一边,中国永远不称霸;继续援助非洲国家;淡化国家关系和党际关系的

  10. Outlook on DENG Xiaoping's View of Central Collective Leadership%邓小平中央领导集体观析论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨在健

    2014-01-01

    DENG Xiaoping ,core of central collective leadership of the second generation ,paid high attention to the con-struction of the central collective leadership ,forming the basic ideas about the central collective leadership with his broad politi-cal vision in the theory exploration and the practice of Chinese characteristic socialism ,which mainly include:the view of au-thority ,stability and ruling ability of the central collective leadership .These ideas are still of great practical significance to the maintenance of the party's ruling status ,promotion of the new great project of the Party's construction and the construction of Chinese characteristic socialism .%邓小平十分重视中央领导集体的建设问题,形成了关于中央领导集体建设的基本观点,主要有中央领导集体权威观、中央领导集体稳定观和中央领导集体执政能力观。坚持马克思主义思想路线,创建符合中国国情的理论体系;建设一支高素质的领导班子;建立完善党的领导制度是加强党的中央领导集体的执政能力进而提升党的整体执政水平的途径。

  11. A role for PacMYBA in ABA-regulated anthocyanin biosynthesis in red-colored sweet cherry cv. Hong Deng (Prunus avium L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Xinjie; Zhao, Kai; Liu, Linlin; Zhang, Kaichun; Yuan, Huazhao; Liao, Xiong; Wang, Qi; Guo, Xinwei; Li, Fang; Li, Tianhong

    2014-05-01

    The MYB transcription factors and plant hormone ABA have been suggested to play a role in fruit anthocyanin biosynthesis, but supporting genetic evidence has been lacking in sweet cherry. The present study describes the first functional characterization of an R2R3-MYB transcription factor, PacMYBA, from red-colored sweet cherry cv. Hong Deng (Prunus avium L.). Transient promoter assays demonstrated that PacMYBA physically interacted with several anthocyanin-related basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors to activate the promoters of PacDFR, PacANS and PacUFGT, which are thought to be involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis. Furthermore, the immature seeds of transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing PacMYBA exhibited ectopic pigmentation. Silencing of PacMYBA, using a Tobacco rattle virus (TRV)-induced gene silencing technique, resulted in sweet cherry fruit that lacked red pigment. ABA treatment significantly induced anthocyanin accumulation, while treatment with the ABA biosynthesis inhibitor nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) blocked anthocyanin production. PacMYBA expression peaked after 2 h of pre-incubation in ABA and was 15.2-fold higher than that of sweet cherries treated with NDGA. The colorless phenotype was also observed in the fruits silenced in PacNCED1, which encodes a key enzyme in the ABA biosynthesis pathway. The endogenous ABA content as well as the transcript levels of six structural genes and PacMYBA in PacNCED1-RNAi (RNA interference) fruit were significantly lower than in the TRV vector control fruit. These results suggest that PacMYBA plays an important role in ABA-regulated anthocyanin biosynthesis and ABA is a signal molecule that promotes red-colored sweet cherry fruit accumulating anthocyanin.

  12. Evaluation of Green Logistics Level of Chang-zhu-tan City Cluster%长株潭城市群绿色物流评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞燕; 夏扬坤

    2014-01-01

    首先对城市群绿色物流进行探讨,并构建出了长株潭城市群绿色物流要素系统;然后结合长株潭城市群区域物流特点,构建了长株潭城市群绿色物流评价指标体系;最后利用基于层次分析法的模糊综合评价模型(Fuzzy-AHP模型),对长株潭城市群物流发展绿色度进行评价,结果显示,长株潭城市群绿色物流发展总体水平为良好,但在资源集约和环境保护方面还需要加大力度。%In this paper, we first discussed the green logistics level of city clusters, built the green logistics element system of the Chang-zhu-tan city cluster, then in view of the characteristic of the regional logistics process of the city cluster, established the corresponding green logistics evaluation index system, and at the end, using fuzzy-AHP, assessed the degree of greenness of the logistics development of the Chang-zhu-tan city cluster.

  13. The Adherents Former Identity of Zhu Shunshui and His Rejection to be an Official%朱舜水的遗民身份与不仕

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈爱阳

    2011-01-01

    The Bourgeois Revolution in contemporary Japan,after the victories of Sino-apanese War and Russo-Japanese War,is considered as a phasic success.And the preparations of various opinions and thoughts become a great concern by later historicists.Among those,the thought deriving from Tokugawa Mitukuni is apparently influenced by Zhu Shunshui.This thesis,based on the adherents former identity of Zhu Shunshui and historical context,tries to reveal the reason why he rejected to be an official,and his efforts to recover the former country.This thesis also aims to display the behaving paradigm of adherents of Ming Dynasty,who reject to corporate with Tsing Dominators.%文章以朱舜水的遗民身份为出发点,结合文本,考察他不肯步入仕途的起因和动机,以及他在东渡日本后的种种复国努力,希望可以通过完整把握朱舜水的遗民心态,厘清明代遗民拒绝于清朝统治者合作的一种行为范式。

  14. On Zhu Xi ’s Thoughts of Children ’s Education%朱子的“小学”思想析论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘勰娇

    2015-01-01

    Zhu Xi ’s thoughts were great achievements of Confucian in the Song dynasty. He had incisive and unique insights about education of ancient China. Zhu Xi thought that the original edification in one ’s life was the most important. Primary training should develop good habit ,right attitude ,correct idea and nice charac⁃ter. Though the contents of The Children’s Education only were details and rules in daily life ,they were the great sources of life in morality and career. The book named The Children’s Education which Zhu Xi com⁃piled included three parts ,the first was how to educate ,the second was how to deal with interpersonal rela⁃tionships and the third was how to remind oneself of reverence. After this book , the contents of The Children’s Education gradually formed a standardized system. The rules and formality in The Children’s Education were the foundation of the Youth Education which improving one ’s heart and mind. The Children’s Education was about physical things and the Youth Education was about the metaphysical truth ,they are in line. This book had a very high cultural connotation ,so it was very popular and had a great influence. It was nearly eight hundred years from Zhu Xi ’s time to Qing dynasty and Chinese primary training had always been in developing in Zhu Xi ’s thoughts orbit continuance.%朱子认为,人生之初所受的熏染是至为关键的,“童蒙养正”就是要从人生的早期做起,要养成正当的习惯、态度、观念和品格。“小学”的内容虽然只是简单的生活细节和具体规矩,但它却是人们一生德行事业的起点和根本所在。朱子所编的《小学》一书,将“小学”总结为“立教”、“明伦”、“敬身”三个方面,自此以后,“小学”的内容逐渐形成了一个规范化的体系。“小学”所教习的规矩和礼节,是大学培养“穷理尽性、修齐治平”能力的基础和根本;“小学”学习

  15. 朱珊教授治疗小儿肠系膜淋巴结炎的临证经验%Experience of Prof.ZHU Shan for treating mesenteric iymphadenitis in children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵文锦; 周怡锦; 朱珊

    2015-01-01

    Experience of Prof.ZHU Shan for treating mesenteric iymphadenitis in children was introdeuced. Prof.ZHU Shan thought that treatment should be combined with the physiological characteristics of childre, Jize Zhi Qibiao, Huan Ze Zhi Qiben, and advocated regulating Pi and Wei.%介绍朱珊教授治疗小儿肠系膜淋巴结炎的临证经验。朱珊教授认为应结合小儿的生理特点,治疗上急则治其标,缓则治其本,倡导调护脾胃。

  16. 论邓小平晚年的政治智慧%On DENG Xiao-ping’s Political Wisdom in His Late Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑丽天

    2015-01-01

    As a great statesman,DENG Xiao-ping still racked his brains to make contributions to the socialist causes with Chinese characteristics after he had retired.He dedicated all his life and energy to our party and people.After he had retired, he actively chose and trained the successors,dealt with the political accidents resolutely,set himself as an example and abolished the life tenure at leading posts,and tried his best to orient the Chinese development.The important political activities after his retirement have greatly driven the Chinese socialist causes to the fast development.His extraordinary wisdom, outstanding courage and insight,wide mind,noble sentiment,all are of great practical significance for us to deepen the reform and opening,promote the modernization,and inherit the evolutionary spirit and excellent traditions.%作为一代政治伟人,邓小平退休后仍殚精竭虑为中国特色社会主义事业作出贡献,把毕生心血和精力贡献给了党和人民。他退休后积极选拔和培养接班人、果断应对政治风波、身体力行废除领导干部职务终身制,竭力为中国发展定航向。他退休后的重要政治活动,极大推动了中国特色社会主义事业步入快车道。他非凡的智慧、卓越的胆识、博大的胸怀、高尚的情操,对于我们继续深化改革开放、加快推进现代化建设,大力传承革命精神和优良传统,具有十分重要的现实意义。

  17. 邓小平的渐进改革思想及其现实启示%DENG Xiao-ping's Concept of Incremental Reform andIts Current Enlightenment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳新元

    2001-01-01

    According to DENG Xiao-ping's thought, the incremental reform in China is determined by the particular quality, the social environment and the initial feature of Chinese reform. The relative success of Chinese incr emental reform is benefited by the DENG Xiao-ping's right effective tactics and policies in greatly degree. The complete success of Chinese reform will be deci ded by persisting in the way of incremental reform, and avoiding the whole possi ble risks in the process of incremental reform.%邓小平认为,中国的渐进式改革是由中国改革的特殊性质、社会环境及其开创性决定的。中国渐进式改革的相对成功,在很大程度上得益于邓小平的正确而有效的改革策略方针。中国改革的最后成功,将取决于坚持走渐进式改革道路,并规避渐进式改革过程中一切可能的风险。

  18. Deng Xiaoping' s Thought of Enriching People and Construction of Social Equality and Justice%邓小平“富民”思想与和谐社会公平正义的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱琳

    2012-01-01

    富民是一个关乎改革发展稳定全局的重大问题,也是我国目前亟待解决的现实问题。在全面把握邓小平"富民"思想的基础上,科学认识当前我国贫富差距问题,继承和发展邓小平"富民"思想,构建和谐社会的公平正义,对于实现富民强国的目标,无论在理论上还是在实践上都不无裨益。%Enriching people is a major issue which is related to the overall situation of reform, development and stability, as well is a realistic problem to he solved in China. it is significant in theory or in practice to grasp Deng Xiaoping' s thought of enriching people, recognize the current gap between rich and poor scientifi- cally and construct the harmonious social equity and justice. By inheriting and developing Deng Xiaoping' s thought of enriching people, it' s also significant to realize the goal of richer power.

  19. Qualitative analysis of major constituents from Xue Fu Zhu Yu Decoction using ultra high performance liquid chromatography with hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Chunyan; Xia, Zian; Liu, Yonghui; Lu, Hongmei; Zhang, Zhimin; Wang, Yang; Fan, Xiaqiong

    2016-09-01

    Xue Fu Zhu Yu Decoction, a famous formula that has been used for treating many blood stasis-caused diseases for many centuries, comprises 11 kinds of traditional Chinese medicines. A convenient, efficient, and rapid analytical method was developed to simultaneously determine the major compounds in this decoction. An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry method was used to rapidly separate and detect the major constituents of the decoction. Using this technique, we identified or tentatively identified 34 compounds, including 21 flavonoids, 5 terpenoids, 3 organic acids, 2 lactones, 1 alkaloid, 1 amino acid, and 1 cyanogenic glycoside. The MS analysis of these constituents was described in detail. Findings may contribute to future metabolic and pharmacokinetic studies of this medicine.

  20. The Analysis of ZHU Rongji’s Idea in the Construction of Incorruption%朱镕基廉政建设思想探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐冀宁

    2014-01-01

    ZHU Rongji fully aware of the importance of the dangers of corruption and clean government ,make economic and social development of the whole process -runs through the building ,the construction of anti-corruption system security , to build a strong ideological defense of the anti-corruption clean and honest ,resolute and prosecuted major cases ,a series of measures .Enlightenment of ZHU Rongji’s“clean government thoughts”is that attaches great importance to anti-corruption , insist on "economy and the independent commission against corruption with both hands ,both hard",strengthening the institu-tion-building ,strengthening the construction of honest and clean government culture has borrowed the country (border) for-eign advanced experience .%朱镕基充分认识到腐败危险性和廉政建设重要性,提出贯穿廉政建设于经济社会发展全过程、构筑反腐倡廉建设的制度保障、筑牢反腐倡廉建设的思想意识防线、坚决查办大案要案等一系列廉政建设措施。朱镕基廉政建设思想给我们的启示就是:要高度重视反腐倡廉建设、坚持“经济与廉政两手抓、两手都要硬”、加强各项制度建设、加强廉政文化建设、不断借鉴国(境)外的先进经验。

  1. On the Transformation of Homeland Identification in Zhu Tianxin’s Literary Works%论朱天心作品中原乡认同的流变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    帅震

    2014-01-01

    原乡认同指的是作家对自我精神和生命来源的寻找和构建。随着时代的变迁,朱天心作品中的原乡认同不断发生着变化:从“三三集团”时期对“大中国”信仰的认同,到走出象牙塔后为失落的眷村群体书写历史记忆,直至呈现“漫游者”四处寻觅并无所依归的悲情。朱天心作品中的原乡追寻经历了从认同到不认同的流变,展示了作家重塑自我、构建精神家园的努力。%Homeland identification refers to the pursuits and construction of self-spirit and life origin. The home-land identification in Zhu Tianxin’s literary works transforms a lot with the change of the times. From looking for-ward to a faith of a great China in Sansan Group period to writing the historical recollections for the frustrated mili-tary residential community by departing from the ivory tower, her works show the flâneur’s pathos of no belongings and hovering around. The homeland pursuit in Zhu Tianxin’s literary works transforms from the identity to unidenti-fied character and shows the efforts of reinventing herself and constructing spiritual home.

  2. 朱光潜作品中的乡土情结书写∗%On the Rural Complex in Zhu Guangqian’ s Works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁玲丽

    2015-01-01

    Zhu Guangqian is good at applying metaphors and similes in his argumentative writing. The study on his works shows that many of his works are typical examples and images about rural life, social conventions and natural scenery. These descriptions of typical rural events and images in his works constitut a three⁃dimensional picture of rural life in South⁃western Anhui at the end of Qin dynasty. The choosing of rural life images in his works discloses Zhu Guangqian’ s deep homeland consciousness and rural complex, which is not only the result of his homesickness complex when he lived in cities, the humanistic orientation of his aesthetic and literary writing, but also a reflection of the collective unconsciousness in the Chinese nation.%朱光潜是说理文写作的高手。对他作品中的事理解读过程中经常会发现一些乡土人情、乡村风俗和田园风景书写,这些极富皖西南地域风情的典型事例和意象,汇聚起来构筑成一幅立体的清末民初皖西南山居图。隐藏在说理文中的乡土情结书写,凝聚着作者浓郁的家园意识和故土情怀,是成年朱光潜离开乡村天地奔赴城市生活的必然,是作者自然主义美学和文学旨趣的体现,也是植根于中华民族集体无意识中的一种情结。

  3. From Deng to the Demos?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mulvad, Andreas Møller

    2017-01-01

    -dissident strategy of change within rather than against the party-state, but their visions differ greatly. Trade unionist and 1989 protest leader Han Dongfang favors a social democratic vision based on strengthening the collective bargaining power of the Chinese working class within the market economy. In contrast......, the self-declared ‘petty bourgeois’ vision of agricultural economist Wen Tiejun advocates resisting marketization, reinvigorating traditional lifestyles, and enhancing the power of the peasantry through self-organization. I argue that both visions are in partial tension with the status quo: While Han...... of a populist counter-hegemony depends on the extent to which the gap between laborism and peasantism is overcome both organizationally and intellectually....

  4. Deng Xiaoping’s Democratic Methodology from the Perspective of Democratic Confidence%民主自信视域下邓小平民主方法论透视

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘少东

    2014-01-01

    Deng Xiaoping’s democratic self-confidence towards China’s socialist democratic heritage and foreign democratic posi-tive factors, is embodied in his democratic methodology. Its contents include innovative methodology on the road of the democratic de-velopment; democratic system method on the usage of people democracy; bettering democratic system reform and the prevalent method-ologies, and major dialectical methodology etc. It is the democratic method of Deng Xiaoping theory that makes our Chinese abide tradi-tion socialist democracy in the era of globalization and informatization;after Soviet and Eastern Europe upheaval the socialist democratic belief was still stable;socialist democratic positions did keep ahead of western democracy, but a new type of democracy of socialism with Chinese characteristics appears in the new period. Under the background of globalization, Deng Xiaoping made great contributions to the human democracy.%邓小平对待我国社会主义民主遗产和外国民主积极因素所表现出来的民主自信,集中体现在他的民主方法论上,内容包括民主发展道路上的创新方法论;人民民主运用上的系统方法论;民主制度完善上的改革和借鉴方法论,以及重大民主关系上的辩证方法论等等。正是邓小平的民主方法论,才使我国在全球化、信息化时代没有丢掉社会主义民主传统;在苏东剧变后没有动摇社会主义民主信仰;在西方民主输出面前没有丧失社会主义民主阵地,反而在新时期开创形成了中国特色社会主义新型民主。这是全球化背景下邓小平对我国乃至对人类民主事业做出的重大贡献。

  5. The Dialectics and Its Contemporary Values of Deng Xiaoping’s Conception of Political System Reform%邓小平政治体制改革构想的辩证观及其当代价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桑玉成; 焦连志

    2014-01-01

    Deng Xiaoping’s conception of political system reform contains rich dialectical mentality. It forms the inner core of Deng Xiaoping’s thoughts and theories on political system reform. It embodies specifically in the following aspects:to enhance balanced political system reform with dialectical grasp of the relationship between e-conomy and politics;to promote political system reform in the interactions between human beings and institutions;to dialectically master the fundamental principles and institutional changes in political system reform;the dialectics between reform of Party leadership system and reinforcement of Party leadership;and the dialectics between institu-tional confidence and learning from others. To study Deng Xiaoping’s dialectical mentality for political system re-form is of great significance for current political system reform that is in a critical stage.%邓小平关于政治体制改革构想蕴含着丰富的辩证法思维,它构成着邓小平政治体制改革思想和理论的内核。具体体现在:在对经济与政治关系的辩证把握中统筹推进政治体制改革;在人与制度的互动中推进政治体制改革;辩证把握政治体制改革中的根本原则与制度变革;改革党的领导体制与加强党的领导的辩证以及制度自信与学习借鉴的辩证。学习邓小平政治体制改革的辩证思维对于指导当今处于攻坚阶段的政治体制改革具有重要意义。

  6. 郦珩《幼学切音便读》所记清末诸暨方音考%“Zhuji”(诸暨)Dialect in Late Qing Dynasty Recorded in“You Xue Qie Yin BianDu”(《幼学切音便读》)Written by Li Heng(郦珩)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李军

    2014-01-01

    The marginal notes used as the phonetic annotations of the characters in the rhym tables of“YouXueQieYinBianDu”(《幼学切音便读》)written by Li Heng(郦珩)recorded the real phonological features of“Zhuji”(诸暨)dialect in late Qing Dynasty. Studied the phonetic annotations as well as related contents, the paper summed up the real phonetic features of initial&final systems recorded by“YouXueQieYinBianDu”(《幼学切音便读》). Compared with morden“Zhuji”(诸暨)dialect, and referenced the evolutionary rules of“Ningbo”(宁波)dialect which also belonges to the“Taihu”(太湖)area of Wu dialect since one hundred years ago, the paper revealed the phonetic nature of the real phonetic features and the regular patterns of phonetic evolution of“Zhuji”(诸暨)dialect since one hundred years ago.%提清末诸暨人郦珩《幼学切音便读》各韵图切字旁注直音很大程度上真实反映了清末诸暨方言的语音特征。通过对这些旁注直音以及相关内容的分析,论文从声母与韵母两方面归纳了《幼学切音便读》所反映的实际语音特征;并通过与现代诸暨方言语音特征的比较,参考同属吴语太湖片的宁波方言百年来的演变特征,对《幼学切音便读》实际语音的性质以及一个多世纪以来诸暨方言语音演变的现象与规律进行了初步揭示。

  7. “做错了还是做对了?”——析《夹边沟记事》里的道德悖论%An Analysis of the Ethic Paradox in The Chronicle of Jia Bian Gou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹诗

    2012-01-01

    In The Chronicle of Jia Bian Gou--a novel on the suffering of intellectuals during the "Anti-Right- ist" Campaign commencing in 1957, the writer through his writing close to historical facts. By differs distinctly from the previous narratives on the "the Rightists" analyzing the ethic paradox and complex humanity in extreme cir- cumstances and the dittlculties of survival under conditions of deficient material and cultural wealth, this paper at- tempts to expound on the profound meaning of ethic paradoxes--the extinction of the hypothesis that people are ba- sically good--a premise for constructing the ethic and moral basis due to the alienation and misplacement of life as well as the complexity and variation of humanity under extreme living circumstances. As for such ethic paradoxes, people can' t criticize and censure them in the traditional ethic perspective. In fact, The Chronicle of Jia Bian Guo not only presents complaints but also sparks compassion and sympathy on life and humanity at a more profound level of life philosophy.%《夹边沟记事》讲述了1957年开始的“反右”运动这一特殊历史时期知识分子的苦难史。作者以逼近历史真相的写作显示了迥异于以往“右派”叙事文本的鲜明异质。论文以极限境遇下的道德悖论和复杂人性为评析对象,透过物质和精神都极度匮乏的环境下的生存之难,挖掘道德悖论行为的深层意义:极端生存境遇下生命的’异化和错置,人性的复杂变异,使得建构伦理道德基础的人性本善的前提不复存在。人们无法用传统的道德观点加以批评和诘难。《夹边沟记事》呈现的不仅是控诉,还能引发人们从更为深刻的生命哲学的层面上产生对生命和人性的悲悯和同情。

  8. Retraction: 'rhBNP therapy can improve clinical outcomes and reduce in-hospital mortality compared with dobutamine in heart failure patients: a meta-analysis' by Ming-Yi Lv, Shu-Ling Deng and Xiao-Feng Long.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-01

    The above article, published online on 28(th) November 2015 in Wiley Online Library (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bcp.12788/full), and in volume 81, pp. 174-185, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Professor A Cohen, and John Wiley & Sons Limited. The retraction has been agreed owing to evidence indicating that the peer review of this paper was compromised. The authors were unaware of the actions of the third party responsible for compromising the peer review. Reference Lv M-Y, Deng S-L, Long X-F. rhBNP therapy can improve clinical outcomes and reduce in-hospital mortality compared with dobutamine in heart failure patients: a meta-analysis. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2016; 81: 174-85. doi:10.1111/bcp.12788.

  9. 邓小平军队文化工作理论的深刻内涵与现实意义%In-depth Connotations and Practical Meanings of Deng Xiaoping’s Theory about Military Cultural Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪建勋

    2015-01-01

    从邓小平文艺理论、邓小平思想教育理论、邓小平军队政治工作理论三个方面分析邓小平军队文化工作理论的理论渊源,认为邓小平新时期军队文化工作理论的科学内涵是军队文化工作的重要性、继承性、人民性和政治性。邓小平军队文化工作理论具有三个方面的启示:一是军队文化工作是贯彻党的方针政策、占领思想文化阵地、加强军队全面建设的需要,是鼓舞士气、凝聚力量、提高战斗力的需要,是优化军营环境、服务官兵、活跃军营的需要;二是军队文化工作必须在坚持正确方向、弘扬主旋律、营造文化氛围、创作精品方面,做到思想性与娱乐性、战斗性与抒情性、群众性与专业性的统一;三是军队文化工作要与价值观培育、官兵兴趣爱好、求知成才、先进文化接轨。%This thesis analyses the theoretic roots of Deng Xiaoping’s military cultural work theory from three aspects:Deng Xiaoping’s theory about literature and art ,ideological education and military politics . Deng Xiaoping’s military culture work theory in the new period has connotations of importance ,legacy , people and politics .Deng Xiaoping’s military cultural work theory has three inspirations .First ,military cultural work is needed for implementation of the Party’s guidelines and policies ,occupying the ideological and cultural front and strengthening comprehensive military development ;for encouraging the morale , gathering strength and improving the fighting capacity and for optimizing the military environment ,ser‐ving the officers and soldiers and activating the military camps .Secondly ,w hile maintaining the correct di‐rection ,carrying forward the central theme ,building cultural atmosphere and creating masterpieces ,we should achieve the unity of ideology and entertainment ,combat and emotion ,popularity and professionali‐ty .Thirdly ,cultural work

  10. 论邓小平青少年思想政治教育观%On Deng Xiaoping's Concept of Young People's Ideological and Political Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴云志

    2012-01-01

    Deng Xiaoping attached great importance to young people's ideological and political education and wisely analyzed and discoursed many aspects of young people's ideological and political education, inclu- ding the role, the content and the methods, etc. , forming a rich ideology of young people's ideological and political education. Deng Xiaoping's concept of young people's ideological and political education is an im- portant part of Deng Xiaoping~s theory of ideological and political education. It includes five main areas. "Schools should always give top priority to firm and correct political orientation, should educate the youth with the communism, and use history to educate the youth"~ "legal education must be ruled from kids"~ and "the whole society have to care about young people's ideological and political progress. " Deng Xiaop- ing~s concept of young people's ideological and political education provides a bright direction for strengthening and improving young people's ideological and political education in the new historical period and also builds a solid ideological foundation, which has important theoretical significance and practical value.%邓小平非常重视青少年思想政治工作,他高屋建瓴地分析、阐述了青少年思想政治教育的作用、内容和方法等问题,形成了丰富的青少年思想政治教育思想。邓小平青少年思想政治教育思想是他关于思想政治教育理论的重要组成部分,其主要内容有六个方面:“学校应该永远把坚定正确的政治方向放在第一位”“要对青年进行共产主义教育”“要向全体青少年宣传高尚的道德”“要用历史教育青年”“法制教育要从娃娃抓起”“都来关心青少年思想政治的进步”。邓小平青少年思想政治教育观为新时期加强和改进青少年思想政治工作指明了方向,奠定了坚实的思想基础,具有重要的理论意义和实践价值。

  11. 邓小平德育思想对大学生德育的指导意义%Deng Xiaoping Moral Education Thought and Its Guiding Significance to the Moral Education of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李迪

    2016-01-01

    邓小平同志在复杂艰难的国内环境中和新的国际形势下提出和改进了党的德育理论,创造性地提出了具有开放性、先进性的大德育理论,为新时期党的思想政治工作指明了政治方向,也为创立建设有中国特色的社会主义理论揭开了新的篇章,具有划时代的历史意义。邓小平同志在1954年至1992年间,提出了德育是教育的根本;四有新人教育、社会主义教育、法纪教育的德育思想体系;四项基本原则教育、国家形势教育等的德育内容以及齐抓共管的德育教育的方法等。邓小平德育理论体现了唯物辩证法的观点,是科学的世界观和方法论。研究邓小平德育思想有利于推动我国德育工作的改革、创新与发展,有利于解决当前大学生的德育教育问题并推进高校德育工作向纵深发展,更是新时期加强各方面德育工作的指南。%In complicated and difficult domestic environment and the new international situation, Deng Xiaoping proposed and improv-ing the partyˊs theory of moral education, creative proposed with open, advanced education theory, point out the political direction of the partyˊs ideological and political work in the new period, also for the creation of the construction of Chinese characteristic socialism theory has opened a new chapter, the historical significance of a landmark. In 1954 to 1992, Deng Xiaoping pointed out the moral education is fundamental to education and Four Educations and socialist education, law and discipline education thought system of moral education;the four basic principles of education, the situation in the country education moral education content and catch condominium of moral educa-tion methods. Deng Xiaoping theory of moral education embodies the view of materialist dialectics, and it is a scientific world outlook and methodology. Studying Deng Xiaoping thought of moral education is to promote the reform of

  12. 我国优秀女子举重运动员邓薇的赛前训练研究%Research Of The Pre-competition Training Of Elite Female Weightlifter Deng Wei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈勇

    2015-01-01

    为研究我国优秀女子举重运动员邓薇赛前备战训练,从训练学角度探讨赛前训练规律,通过文献资料法、个案分析法和数理统计法,探索赛前训练研究热点,结合邓薇赛前阶段划分、训练内容和训练强度,对举重项目赛前训练进行研究。研究认为,邓薇赛前训练特点为:赛前训练阶段持续6周,最高训练量出现在第3、4周,第5周开始减量幅度较为明显,每周内训练内容相对集中,训练强度分布有明显的极化趋势。%To study pre-competition training of the Elite Female weightlifter Deng Wei , exploring the training reg-ularity with the training point of view.Through the literature material law , case studies and mathematical statistics , combined with the phasing , training content and intensity for researching weightlifting pre -competition training.Conclusion:Deng Wei pre-competition training features:the training phase for 6 weeks, the highest volume ap-pear in the third and fourth weeks , the fifth weeks reduced amplitude is relatively obvious , within a week training content is relatively concentrated , training intensity distribution has obvious polarization trend.

  13. 试论邓小平和谐社会思想及其影响%On the Thought of Harmonious Society of Deng Xiao-ping and Its Influence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆松; 张纯

    2012-01-01

    As the core leader of the second generation of the leadership of the communist party of China, Deng Xiao-ping made unremitting exploration on socialism with Chinese characteristics during the process of leading the reform, opening up and modernization process. He didn/t specify this term clearly, but it is richly contained in the theory system of Deng Xiao-ping. It mainly includes: vigorously developing the productive forces, strengthening socialist democracy and legal system construction, allowing the rich to help the poor, thus gradually achieving common prosperity; paying enough great attention to material civilization and spiritual civilization, etc. These thoughts have very important theoretical significance for us to construct a socialist harmonious society today.%邓小平作为中国共产党第二代中央领导集体的核心,在领导改革开放和现代化建设过程中,对中国特色社会主义事业进行了不懈探索。在邓小平理论体系中蕴含了丰富的“和谐社会”思想,主要包括:大力发展社会生产力;加强社会主义民主法制建设;允许先富带动后富,逐步实现共同富裕;物质文明和精神文明两手抓,两手都要硬等内容。这些思想对构建社会主义和谐社会具有重要的理论指导意义。

  14. 领导伦理:邓小平理论研究新视角%Leadership Ethics:A New Research View of Deng Xiao-ping Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万师

    2016-01-01

    无论是在新民主主义革命时期,还是在社会主义建设时期,还是在社会主义改革开放新的历史发展时期,邓小平同志既注重加强团结、减少分歧的领导方法,也讲究正视问题、区别对待的领导艺术,更提倡实事求是、讲究方法的领导智慧,邓小平的领导伦理思想既是当代中国研究领导伦理的伟大指南和前进的航标,也将成为新的历史时期改善领导作风的理论宝库。%Whether in the period of new-democratic revolution , socialist construction or historical process of socialist reform and opening up, Deng Xiao-ping not only paid attention to the leading methods of strengthening unity and reducing divergences , but also the lead-ing arts of facing problems and differential treatment , furthermore , he advocated the leading wisdoms of seeking the truth from facts and emphasizing method .Deng Xiao-ping′s theory is both a great guidance and a beacon of progress for leadership ethics in contemporary China, also will be a theory treasury for improving the style of leadership in the new historical period .

  15. Modern Psychological Analysis of Zhu Zi Study Method%“朱子读书法”的现代心理学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何秀; 王宁

    2015-01-01

    Since the ancient times , our country has always had the traditions on learning encouragement and attitude and more than dozens of classical learning methods have been passed down as well . Zhu Zi study method has a profound impact on our traditional methods . With respect to tradition recovery and classics in heritance , Zhu Zi study method , if interpreted scientifically , has an important impact on precise learning attitude and traditional cultural inheritance in a scientific way . Paying more attention to the clues , we can find out that the reason why the method can be spread to this day and regarded as a standard for learning by numerous scholars is that it has its nature of science in many ways and implies quite a lot of theories on modern psychology , including cognitivism , constructivism , situation and experience , attribution theory , etc . This thesis makes a corresponding discussion on the theories of psychology , aiming to explore the implicit science behind the Zhu Zi study method and make a detailed elaboration and argument in this regard .%朱子读书法流传至今,为众学者奉为阅读圭臬,缘于其具有相当的科学性,暗合了许多现代心理学的理论,其中“着紧用力”体现了意志的果断性、坚定性和自制力。“循序渐进”与皮亚杰的“认知阶段发展论”不谋而合,符合学习者身心发展规律。“熟读精思”是一种“复述”策略,按“艾宾浩斯遗忘曲线”的规律重复可以对抗遗忘。“切己体察”有助于能力的迁移。而根据“有意义接受说”和“建构主义理论”,“虚心涵泳”一法却很难做到,也没有必要摒弃或者隔离读者原有知识和观点。“居敬持志”中只有部分符合心理学观点,即注意力集中和适当焦虑,学习效率最高。总之,该读书法折射一种能力生长观,暗含能力可通过个人努力获得增长的。下文将深度挖掘朱子读书法蕴含的科

  16. On the Value Connotation and Orientation of ZHU Xi’ s “Truth”%朱熹之“理”的价值内蕴与路向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王传林

    2015-01-01

    Following the predecessors, especially CHENG Hao and CHENG Yi, ZHU Xi not only has en-riched the connotation of “Truth”, but also expanded the extension of “Truth”.He fully affirmed the metaphysical quality of “Truth”, the originality and valuable attribution of “Truth”, at the same time, through “Truth” threads together the three cardinal guides and“Truth” governs five constant virtues ( be-nevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom and fidelity) completed the basic construction of the moral metaphysics in “pushing truth on human affairs”.“Truth” is extrapolated to the human relations, social and political fields,“human desire” is dispelled in the process of attempt, and saw “desires eliminated and returning to nature” as the value presented approach for people to pursue the ultimate value to indi-cate the direction.Based on this, ZHU Xi not only is for Confucian thoughts to find metaphysical basis, but also for the ethical norms and political philosophy in the real life finding the persuasive theoretical foundation.Indeed,“ preserving Heaven, destroying human desires” in the domain of CHENG-ZHU Neo-Confucianism has some complex of moral utopian.Its realistic value and significance not only is to execute social reality, but that lead people to control the flood of desire and self-reflection, and be alert and concerned to gradually sinking morals and human heart.%继轨前贤尤其是程颢与程颐,朱熹不仅丰富了“理”的内涵,而且拓展了“理”的外延。他在充分肯定“理”的形上性、本源性与价值性的同时,以“理”贯“三纲”与“理”统“五常”完成了“以天理明人事”的道德形而上学的基本建构。他在将“天理”推衍到人伦、社会与政治领域的过程中试图消解“人欲”,并以“革尽人欲复尽天理”为价值呈现进路给追寻终极价值的人们指明了方向。基于此,朱熹不仅为儒家的纲常思

  17. The Legislation on Famine Policy by Zhu Yuanzhang, the First Emperor of Ming Dynasty%明太祖的荒政立法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡小平

    2012-01-01

    Famine relieving is considered an essential measure to promote economic development and maintain social stability. In order to carry out the policy smoothly, Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang has made detailed terms of law, covering from the prevention before disasters and the relief after it, to the selection of the officials and the punishment of corruption. The relief policy can thus be summed up as the following: a. The legislation on disaster prevention and reduction, b. The legislation on disaster relieving. By this relieving policy, Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang not only punished the corrupted officials in famine relief but also helped the victims with national relief in the disasters, thus reducing the damage to social productivity and laying a good foundation for the economic recovering and development of the Ming dynasty.%救荒是明代经济发展、社会稳定的重要措施。为了保证荒政的顺利而有效地进行,明太祖从灾害防治到灾害赈济,从赈灾官员的选用到对吏治腐败的整治,都制定了较为详细的法律条文。从这些法律条文中可以概括出明太祖的荒政立法包含以下两个方面:一、防灾与减灾中的立法;二、救灾中的立法。朱元璋通过荒政立法,一方面惩治了救灾中的腐败,提高了救灾的效率;另一方面也使灾民在自然灾害面前得到国家的救济,使社会生产力的破坏得以减轻,为明王朝的经济恢复和发展奠定了基础。

  18. 朱天心小说中的边缘主妇形象%The Marginalized Housewives in Zhu Tianxin’s Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅燕婷

    2015-01-01

    台湾当代女作家朱天心的《袋鼠族物语》、《鹤妻》,以动物寓言的方式,塑造了一群现代都市中心灵枯竭、独自啃噬寂寞的家庭主妇。不同于以往底层都市女性挣扎在生活的琐碎和温饱之中,也不同于张爱玲笔下的女性纠缠在与男性的爱情游戏中。袋鼠妈妈、洞窟女性都是受过高等教育的现代女性,然而袋鼠妈妈在有了小兽成为专职母亲后,远离丈夫、朋友、社会,内心幽闭,失去自我最终走向自杀。洞窟女性在物价不断上涨的危机中,在物质文明和消费社会挤压下,不断囤货,穷凶极恶般经营着自己的巢穴,内心无名的挣扎和焦虑,犹如置身荒原。%Taiwan contemporary writer Zhu Tianxin,in her works “Kangaroos Story”,“Wives like Crane”and “Butterfly Women”,shaped a group of exhaustion,solitude housewives and wives in mod-ern city in parable way.Unlike previous female images such as the women struggling against poverty, or the women entangled themselves in love game with men,the three types of women written by Zhu Tianxin focus on the women who are with high education in modern city.But when they became a full-time housewives,they were away from their husbands,friends and society,and they lost themselves and committed suicide in the end.

  19. 从《弁而钗》、《宜春香质》看明清男风小说的另类美%A Research on Alternative Beauty Showed by Gay Fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties through Bian Er Chai and Yi Chun Xiang Zhi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘姣

    2013-01-01

      A lot of gay fiction appeared with the popular trend of homosexuality and the development of fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties . Taking Bian Er Chai and Yi Chun Xiang Zhi for example , this article discusses the alternative beauty showed by gay fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties ,which is in the theme of gay's love , by way of analyzing the internal of the text and comparing different texts in point of the expected value and narrative mode ,that is to say ,by means of analyzing unique narrative mode and the expected value showed by different texts ,this article is to show gentle nature and everlasting affection of gay fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties .%  明清时期,同性恋蔚然成风,笔记、小说十分发达,因而涌现了众多的男风小说。以《弁而钗》、《宜春香质》为例,通过细读文本、对比不同文本,从文本价值期待及叙事操作等角度,探讨明清时期以男子与男子之间的爱情为题材的男风小说中温文尔雅、情意绵绵的美学特质。

  20. 我国优秀男子花剑运动员朱俊的主要制胜因素分析%Analysis of the Main Factors for the Success of Our Elite Male Foil Fencer Zhu Jun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张钊雄

    2014-01-01

    Through technical statistics based on six important competitions'video tapes of Zhu Jun,the excellent foil fencer. This thesis find out that attack with beat,distance parry,direct riposte,riposte with a coupe,croise,and counter-attack are six major technique Zhu Jun used in competitions. As technique and efficiency factors are related,this thesis find out speed and distance controlling are main efficiency factors of Zhu Jun. This thesis recommend Zhu Jun to reinforce these factors in later training and competitions. Combine these factors with others,to make them become the ace in the hole.%通过对我国优秀男子花剑运动员朱俊的六场重大赛事录像进行专项技术统计分析,找出了朱俊的主要得分技术为击打进攻、距离防守、直刺还击、交叉还击、击打转移还击和反攻六项。根据技术与制胜因素的对应关系,得出了朱俊的主要制胜因素是快速和距离。认为朱俊在以后的训练和比赛中应该加强快速和距离的特点,并注意运用组合制胜因素,使其成为制胜的“杀手锏”。

  1. On Zhu Xi's Inheritance and Development of Zhang ZaiS Idea of Reading%论朱熹对张载读书思想的继承和发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖发荣

    2012-01-01

    在宋儒中,朱熹惟独对张载的为学工夫尤其是读书思想最为推崇。他对张载所提揭的“维持此心”、“去旧来新”、“平易其心”、“熟读成诵”诸义均有所继承和发展。这不仅与朱熹为学的坚苦工夫历程有关,而且与他视读书为穷理之一事的思想、为救时学之弊的卫道之心相契合。%In the Song Confucians, Zhu Xi praised Zhang Zai mostly, especially his learning efforts of reading. Zhu Xi has inherited and developed Zhang Zai's thoughts like " maintenance of the heart from read- ing" ," to cast off the old ideal and obtain the new knowledge" ," planning its heart" , and "becoming familiar chant". This is not only related to Zhu Xi~ hard work to learn the course in his life, but also consistent with his idea of regarding reading as one way to understand the universal principle, and his moral heart to save the soci- ety from bad fashions.

  2. The Relationship Between Title of Ming Dynasty and ZhuYuanzhang' s Religious Belief%大明国号与朱元璋信仰关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩传强

    2016-01-01

    Scholars believe that the title of Ming Dynasty came from ZhuYuanzhang' s experience of becoming a member of Zor-oastrianism.So, some people called him as"the Birth of Anji Yuukyuuzan".Through the investigation on Zhu Yuanzhang's belief system, we can find that ZhuYuanzhang dipped himself into Buddhism, Taoism, Zoroastrianism, Confucianism and other sects or schools,his belief system is somewhat of disorder.Based on this,title of Ming Dynasty would not have come from Zoroastrianism, but it could be close to Tantric Buddhism.%学界曾以朱元璋参与过明教,并以"明王出世"而认为大明国号也由来于此. 实际上,通过对朱元璋信仰体系的考察检视,可以发现,朱元璋一生对佛教、道教、明教、儒学等宗派或学派都有涉猎,其信仰体系缺乏连续性. 基于此,大明国号的由来不是源于明教,而与佛教密宗关系更为密切.

  3. 浅析朱山坡小说的荒诞特性%The Characteristics of Absurdness in Zhu Shanpo’ Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈莉

    2016-01-01

    Guangxi writer Zhu Shanpo thinks the highest level of performance techniques of novels is"absurdness". In his novels, performance techniques of absurdness through the different degrees of the modes of discourse and narrative are reflected in four aspects: the bizarre plot, exaggerated description, oversimplified and caricatured characters, creative use of language, widely adopted parody.%广西作家朱山坡认为小说之表现手法的最高境界是“荒诞”,综观朱山坡的小说文本,他的小说创作的话语方式、叙事模式不同程度地呈现出荒诞特征的表现技巧,分别体现在四个方面:离奇的情节、夸张的描写、漫画式和过度简化的人物形象、语言的创造性运用、仿拟的广泛采用。

  4. Discussion and analysis of the theory disease of emotion causing disease of ZHU Dan-xi%朱丹溪"情志致病"理论探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于雷

    2011-01-01

    ZHU Dan-xi thought that emotional factors are the main cause of disease. The stress change of emotion causes disorder of Zang and Fu and frenetic stirring of ministerial fire,and then consumes body fluid. After that,the activity of Qi is disrupted and Six yu is caused. The Yueju pills is the specific prescription to treat melancholia and has distinct effect,providing theoretical basis and ideas for the therapy of depression. The medical thinking and clinical practice has important significance to treat mental and psychosomatic diseases.%朱丹溪认为情志因素是致病主要病因,情绪变化过极引起脏腑病变,引动相火妄动而耗伤阴津,气机郁积,脏腑失调,导致"六郁".所创制的越鞠丸是治疗郁证的专方,为后世治疗郁证提供了理论依据和思路,对治疗心理和心身疾病也有重要的指导意义.

  5. On ZHU Zi-qing's Appreciation Theories of Chinese Classic Literature%朱自清古典文学欣赏理论初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方大卫

    2009-01-01

    欣赏中国古典文学作品离不开吟诵,要在吟诵的基础上了解,在培养欣赏力的同时培养判断力.欣赏也是想象、感受和理解的过程,更是一个再创造的过程.这是朱自清对古典文学欣赏理论的系统总结.这一欣赏理论,不仅内涵丰富,而且还有自己的特色.%The appreciation of Chinese classic literature works cannot be separated from the intonation of them. Comprehension is acquired on the basis of the intonation, and thus the appreciation as well as the judgment is cultivated. The appreciation is a course of imagination, perception and comprehension, and furthermore a course of recreation. This is a systematic conclusion of ZHU Zi-qing's theory of appreciation of Chinese classic literature works. The theory is rich in content with its own traits.

  6. An Analysis of Creation Ideas underlying Anthology of Heartbroken Poetry by Zhu Shuzhen%朱淑真《断肠集》创作心旅探微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱琼玲

    2014-01-01

    With the author’s emotional development as the sequence,Anthology of Heartbroken Poetry by Zhu Shuzhen,a female poet of Southern Song Dynasty described the “id”that longed for freedom and love,the“ego”that scrupulously abided by feudal code of ethics but rebeled boldly against it, and the reborn“superego”that showed concern about the livelihood of the people. The anthology presents readers an heroine who enjoyed happiness,experienced bitterness and finally realized her own metamorphosis and transcension.%朱淑真的《断肠集》以作者的情感发展脉络为经,描写了一个向往自由与追求美好爱情的“本我”,恪守礼教又大胆反抗的“自我”,以及关注民生、蜕变重生的“超我”,呈现出一个享受欢乐、经历痛苦,最后蜕变超越的女主人公形象。

  7. 朱广旗教授治疗小儿癫痫病经验%Experience of Professor ZHU Guang-qi for treating children’s epilepsia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶奕汐; 朱广旗

    2013-01-01

    Epilepsia is a common disease of children’s systema nervosum, which can cause many kinds of chronic brain diseases and damage brain function if breaks out frequently. Therefore, it becomes the main prevention and cure mental disorder. Professor ZHU Guang-qi has worked as a doctor for more than 30 years, and has abundant experience for treating epilepsia. He summarizes several kinds which has notable efficacy.%  癫痫为小儿神经系统常见疾病之一,是多种病因引起的慢性脑疾病;长期、频繁地发作可损害脑功能,因此该病成为全球重点防治的神经精神疾病。吾师从医30余年,学验颇丰,在治疗小儿癫痫中积累了丰富经验,总结出熄风豁痰、补脾肾等治痫方法,临床疗效显著。

  8. Tınettı Balance and Gaıt Assessment'ın (Tinetti Denge ve Yürüme Değerlendirmesi) Türkçeye uyarlanması, geçerlilik ve güvenilirliği

    OpenAIRE

    Ağırcan, Duygu

    2009-01-01

    Bu metodolojik araştırma, kronik böbrek yetmezliği nedeniyle hemodiyaliz tedavisi gören hastalarda denge ve yürüme problemlerini belirlemek, Tinetti Balance and Gait Assessment' ı (Tinetti Denge ve Yürüme Değerlendirmesi) Türkçe' ye uyarlamak, geçerlilik ve güvenilirliğini değerlendirmek amacıyla planlanmıştır. Ancak Türkçe versiyonu henüz çalışılmamıştır. Araştırmanın evrenini Denizli ve Kütahya illerinde yaşayan ve Kronik Böbrek Yetmezliği nedeniyle hemodiyaliz tedavsi gören 80 hasta oluştu...

  9. DENG Xiaoping's Thoughts about System Construction and Its Practical Guiding Significances%邓小平的制度建设思想及其现实指导意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    励东升

    2014-01-01

    The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee's proposal about building a perfect socialist sys-tem with Chinese characteristics and driving the modernization of the national system of governance and governance capability endows DENG Xiaoping's thoughts about system construction with profound practical meaning .Insisting on the unity of the historical logic and realistic logic ,the unity of the basic system and specific system ,the unity of the improvement of efficiency and the guarantee of fair ,are the generation logic ,the methodology rule and the goal orientation of DENG Xiaoping's thoughts a-bout system construction .Connecting these thoughts with the historical experiences of the construction of socialist system with Chinese characteristics ,we can summarize and infer that handling the relationship between development's regularity and people's subjectivity ,handling the relationship between the variability and invariability of system construction ,handling the relationship between adhering to the original and absorption of foreign ,handling the relationship between the construction of dynamic mech-anism and balance mechanism ,are the practical guiding significances of DENG Xiaoping's thoughts about system construction .%党的十八届三中全会提出完善和发展中国特色社会主义制度、推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化的总目标赋予了邓小平制度建设思想深远的现实价值。坚持历史逻辑和现实逻辑的统一,坚持中国特色社会主义根本制度、基本制度和完善具体制度表现形式的统一,坚持提高效率、调动积极性和保证公平、把握全面性的统一,分别是邓小平制度建设思想的生成逻辑、方法论原则和目标取向,将其与中国特色社会主义制度建设的历史经验相衔接,可以总结出处理好发展规律性和人民主体性的关系、处理好制度建设变与不变的关系、处理好坚守本来与吸收外

  10. Understanding Deng Xiaoping’s View on People’s Livelihood from the“Three Close Combinations”%从“三个密切结合”看邓小平的民生观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董永在

    2014-01-01

    Comrade Deng Xiaoping is not only the general designer of socialist reform and opening-up and mod-ernization construction of China and the creator of the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics,but also the founder of the people’s livelihood theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Encountering the situation of universal poverty in Chinese people after the“Cultural Revolution”,Comrade Deng Xiaoping,centering on the basic questions of why,how and for what purpose to improve people’s livelihood,closely combined the improve-ment of people’s livelihood with the essence of socialism,the reform and opening-up,and the well-off socie-ty,and formed a complete theoretical system regarding people’s livelihood,which has guided Chinese people to thoroughly break away from poverty and actualize a comparatively well-off society in general. On the 110th an-niversary of Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s birth,learning and studying his view on people’s livelihood has an im-portant directive meaning for learning and carrying through the spirit of President Xi Jinping’s series speeches, further assuring and improving people’s livelihood,and continuously increasing people’s welfare.%邓小平不仅是中国社会主义改革开放和现代化建设的总设计师、中国特色社会主义道路的开创者,而且也是中国特色社会主义民生理论的奠基者。面对“文革“后中国民生普遍贫困的落后局面,邓小平紧紧围绕为什么要改善民生、如何改善民生以及改善民生的目标是什么等基本问题,把改善民生与社会主义本质、改革开放和小康社会的奋斗目标密切结合起来,形成了一个完整的民生思想体系,指导着中国人民不仅彻底摆脱了贫困而且实现了总体小康。在邓小平诞辰110周年之际,学习研究邓小平的民生观,对于我们当前学习贯彻习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神、更好保障和改善民生、不断增

  11. DENG XIAO-PING' S THEORY OF POLICING AND ITS INFLUENCE ON POLICING PRACTICE%邓小平警政理论及其影响下的警务实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙振雷

    2012-01-01

    Deng Xiaoping' s theory of socialist policing with Chinese characteristics is an important part of the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Its basic contents are as follows : in the field of public security work, something must be done to emancipate the mind and seek truth from facts in order to properly handle historical issues with scientific attitudes; efforts must be made to ensure political and social stability and defend the construction of socialist modernization; various public security work must be guided with democracy legal system. Science and technology are primary productive forces, therefore strengthening policing with sci- tech must be adhered to, the training and education of talented personnel must be enhanced, bold explorations must be made and the reform and opening up be sticked to in order to adapt to the changing law and order situation. Under the guidance of Deng Xiaoping theory of policing, the practice of policing in contemporary China must be positioned accurately and clearly oriented so as to ensure its healthy development in the reform and opening up.%邓小平有中国特色社会主义警政理论是中国特色社会主义理论的重要组成部分。其基本内容为:在公安工作领域,要解放思想,实事求是,以科学态度正确处理历史遗留问题;要全力确保政治社会稳定,为社会主义现代化建设保驾护航;要以民主法制思想统领各项公安工作;科技是第一生产力,必须坚持科技强警,人才强警和教育强警;要大胆探索,改革开放,以适应不断变化的治安形势。在邓小平警政理论指导下,当代中国警务实践定位准确,方向明确,在改革开放中健康发展。

  12. Self-confidence in Deng Xiaoping Path, Theory and System%邓小平论道路自信、理论自信和制度自信

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹谨

    2014-01-01

    邓小平具有坚定的道路自信、理论自信和制度自信。他认为社会主义比资本主义优越,中国特色社会主义是马克思主义与当代中国实际相结合和实事求是的产物,它总结了以往的经验教训,已被实践证明是正确的并深得人们拥护。他提出增强道路自信、理论自信、制度自信,要加强爱国主义教育和理想信念教育,坚持四项基本原则,反对资产阶级自由化,通过发展充分发挥社会主义的优越性,坚持用事实说话。邓小平的论述告诉我们,要大力建设社会主义核心价值体系,积极培育社会主义核心价值观,坚定社会主义信念,进一步完善和发展中国特色社会主义。%Deng Xiaoping had firm confidence in socialist path, theory and system. He thought that socialism was superior to capitalism and the socialism with Chinese characteristics was a product of the Marx doctrine and the practice of contemporary Chinese, which sought truth from facts and summed up the experience and lessons of the past. It has been proved to be correct and won the people's advocate. He proposed to strengthen self-confidence in path, theory and system as well as the education of patriotism, ideal and faith, adhere to the four cardinal principles and the struggle against bourgeois liberalization. Through developing and giving full play to the superiority of socialism it should be held that the facts speak louder. Deng Xiaoping's illustration tells us to build a socialist core value system and actively cultivate the core values of socialism as well as a firm belief in socialism in order to further improve and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics.

  13. Zhu Ziqing's Teaching of Poetryand Its Influence%朱自清诗歌教学活动及其影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈学祖

    2012-01-01

    Zhu Ziqing's teaching of poetry, a practical form of his research in poetry, has a deep academic foundation in that it shows the path of his research and its academic characteristics. His notes on poetry are a natural extension of his research into the classroom. These notes, despite a rambling appearance, never depart from the afore-mentioned path and his academic prin- ciples, stressing basic characteristics like intuitional awareness, academic rigor and the blending of poetic and historical per- spectives. "Suspension of conclusions", which is essential to his research, doesn't mean "reaching no conclusions", but rather implying them in the process of demonstration. In his poetry course the students are required to analyze poems in class and write their own poems outside class, the latter being not only a means of testing the students about what he teaches in class but more importantly, a way of guiding them to their own poetic creation. Expeditions to mountains and lakes, poetry recitations and activities sponsored by campus literary associations are important venues of teacher-student interaction and where teachers teach by personal example as well as verbal instruction. Zhu Ziqing takes advantage of his position as poet, poetry theorist and renowned professor to discover new poets, help correct their works and recommend them for publication, write prefaces for their collections of poems and ease their entry into poets' circles. In all this he displays a tenderness for buddine poets.%朱自清的诗歌教育作为其诗歌研究的实践形态,以其深厚的学术根底为基础,往往留存着其诗歌研究的基本理路与学术风格。诗歌讲义是其诗歌研究向课堂的自然延伸,表面零散,却内蕴着一以贯之的思致与学理,凸显出感悟、学理与诗史视界相融合的基本特性。“按而不断”更是其精髓所在,“按而不断”并非“无断”,而是将论断蕴含于论证过程之中。

  14. On Zhu Jian-er five quartets"He"%中西合璧立足超越--试析朱践耳五重奏《和》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹晔

    2013-01-01

      《和》是1992年朱践耳先生基于现代音乐观念创作的一部五重奏作品,作曲家在《和》中将古、今、中、西的思维、技法、观念相融合,既发扬传统,又超越传统;既取法现代,又超越现代。本文从文化内涵、音乐语言特色和音乐技术应用、音乐结构、风格特征等几个方面对这部作品进行分析,力求对这部具有个性和现代意识的中国作品有一个新的审美认识。%"He"is the concept of modern music creation of works based on the fusion of five quartets by Mr. Zhu Jian-er in 1992, in"He", composer combines the ancient and modern, western, thinking, skills, ideas, not only carry forward the tradition, but also beyond the traditional method;not only modern, and beyond the modern.This article carries on the analysis to this work from several cultural connotation, music language and music technology, music structure, style characteristics, in order to have a new aesthetic understanding of the personality and the consciousness of modern Chinese works.

  15. Enterobacter xiangfangensis sp. nov., isolated from Chinese traditional sourdough, and reclassification of Enterobacter sacchari Zhu et al. 2013 as Kosakonia sacchari comb. nov.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Chun Tao; Li, Chun Yan; Yang, Li Jie; Huo, Gui Cheng

    2014-08-01

    A Gram-stain-negative bacterial strain, 10-17(T), was isolated from traditional sourdough in Heilongjiang Province, China. The bacterium was characterized by a polyphasic approach, including 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, RNA polymerase β subunit (rpoB) gene sequence analysis, DNA gyrase (gyrB) gene sequence analysis, initiation translation factor 2 (infB) gene sequence analysis, ATP synthase β subunit (atpD) gene sequence analysis, fatty acid methyl ester analysis, determination of DNA G+C content, DNA-DNA hybridization and an analysis of phenotypic features. Strain 10-17(T) was phylogenetically related to Enterobacter hormaechei CIP 103441(T), Enterobacter cancerogenus LMG 2693(T), Enterobacter asburiae JCM 6051(T), Enterobacter mori LMG 25706(T), Enterobacter ludwigii EN-119(T) and Leclercia adecarboxylata LMG 2803(T), having 99.5%, 99.3%, 98.7%, 98.5%, 98.4% and 98.4% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively. On the basis of polyphasic characterization data obtained in the present study, a novel species, Enterobacter xiangfangensis sp. nov., is proposed and the type strain is 10-17(T) ( = LMG 27195(T) = NCIMB 14836(T) = CCUG 62994(T)). Enterobacter sacchari Zhu et al. 2013 was reclassified as Kosakonia sacchari comb. nov. on the basis of 16S rRNA, rpoB, gyrB, infB and atpD gene sequence analysis and the type strain is strain SP1(T)( = CGMCC 1.12102(T) = LMG 26783(T)).

  16. The effect of female volleyball players’ leg volume and mass on balance and reaction timeBayan voleybolcuların bacak hacim ve kütlesinin denge ve reaksiyon zamanına etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serkan İbiş

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this study, it is aimed to investigate the relationship between leg volume - mass and balance – reaction time of the third league female volleyball players. 20 volunteer third league volleyball players, who are still active, are participated in this study. The average age of participant female volleyball players is 23,20±3,42 years, average height 176,30±7,78 cm, average weight 65.11±8,22 kg. Participant female volleyball players’ leg volume by Frustum method, leg mass by Hanavan method, static and dynamic balance by Biodex Balance System and visual reaction time by MOART Lafayette Reaction Measuring Device were measured. In analyzing the relation among the measurements, Pearson Product Moment Correlation coefficient was used. As a result of analysis of the obtained data; significant moderate correlation was found between the legs mass and dynamic balance (r=0.654, p<0,05. It was determined with a highly significant relationship between leg mass and foot volume (r=0.913, p<0,01 and foot mass (r=0.917, p<0,01. Also a significant relationship was found between leg volume and foot volume (r=0.800, p<0,01 and foot mass (r=0.644, p<0,05. Consequently; it can be said that there is a highly significant relationship between leg volume-mass and foot volume-mass, and there is a relationship between dynamic balance and leg mass of the third league female volleyball players.   Özet Bu çalışmada, üçüncü lig bayan voleybolcuların bacak hacimleri ile denge ve reaksiyon zamanları arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışmaya üçüncü ligde oynayan toplam 20 gönüllü bayan voleybolcu katılmıştır. Çalışmaya katılan bayan voleybolcuların yaş ortalamaları 23,20±3,42 yıl, boy ortalamaları 176,30±7,78 cm, ağırlık ortalamaları 65.11±8,22 kg’dır. Çalışmada katılan bayan voleybolcuların bacak hacmi Frustum yöntemi, bacak kütlesi Hanavan yöntemi, statik-dinamik denge ölçümü Biodex Denge

  17. 论邓小平对马克思主义社会主义学说的创新发展%Innovation and Development of Deng Xiaoping’s Theory of Socialist Marxism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈锦函

    2014-01-01

    Comrade Deng Xiaoping who enjoys high prestige, is recognized as an outstanding leader throughout the country, a great Marxist, a great proletarian revolutionary and statesman, and the core of the Chinese Communist Party’s second generation of collective leadership. In the new era of reform and opening, he has made a historic signiifcant contribution to creating the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics socialist doctrines of Marxism, by ifrmly grasping the Marxist philosophy of“combination of theory and practice, in practice constantly know and develop truth”.%邓小平同志是我国全党全军全国各族人民公认的享有崇高威望的卓越领导人,伟大的马克思主义者,伟大的无产阶级革命家、政治家,中国共产党第二代领导集体的核心,在改革开放新时期,紧紧抓住“理论与实践相结合,在实践中不断认识和发展真理”的马克思主义哲学精髓,在开创中国特色社会主义伟大实践中对马克思主义社会主义学说作出了历史性的重大贡献。

  18. 邓小平“发展是硬道理暠思想及其当代传承%DENG Xiaoping's Thoughts of'Development is An Unyielding Principle'and Its Contemporary Inheritance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兴仓

    2014-01-01

    DENG Xiaoping's'Development is an unyielding principle'is the concrete application of the Marx dialectical mate-rialism and historical materialism in China.It is based on a profound grasp of contemporary Chinese and international situation. Before the reform and opening up,economic,political,science and technology and education and other aspects of development has lagged far behind the developed countries.Firmly establish the concept of urgent development,is the inevitable choice of the contemporary CCP.%邓小平“发展是硬道理暠思想是马克思辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义在中国的具体运用,是基于对当代中国及国际形势的深刻把握。从邓小平“发展是硬道理暠思想的提出,历经江泽民、胡锦涛的坚持和坚决贯彻,一直到党的十八大,习近平对发展问题作出了一系列重要论述,并将发展与实现中国梦紧密联系起来,因此,牢固树立发展观念,是当代中国共产党人坚定不移的必然选择。

  19. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of multiple components for quality control of Deng-Zhan-Sheng-Mai capsules by ultra high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method coupled with chemometrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Pin; Lu, Yan; Chen, Daofeng

    2017-02-01

    Deng-Zhan-Sheng-Mai capsules are a well-known traditional Chinese patent medicine that was developed in China for the treatment of ischemic stroke. Its quality control focuses on Erigerontis Herba but ignores the contributions of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus, and Ophiopogonis Radix. To improve the quality standards for this medicine, this work reports the application of a systematic ultra high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric method coupled with chemometrics. Three qualitative and quantitative parameters are established for the evaluation of quality: chemical profiling, the relationship between the contents of 18 compounds and the antioxidant activity, and chemometric analysis. A total of 55 compounds, including 20 phenolic acids, 10 flavonoids, 15 saponins, and 10 lignans, were identified. The method for the quantitative determination of the aforementioned 18 compounds was validated. The limit of quantification ranged from 0.13 to 9.60 ng/mL. The overall recoveries ranged from 95.31 to 103.54%. Hierarchical cluster analysis and principal component analysis were applied to the data of 18 components in ten batches of samples. Nine compounds, including scutellarin, 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 4,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, ginsenoside Rb1, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rg1, ophiopogonin D, schisandrin, and schisandrol B, are suggested as chemical markers for evaluating the quality. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  20. 浅析邓小平道路自信及其当代启示%A Brief Analysis of DENG Xiaoping Road Self-confident and Its Contemporary Enlightenment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周红禄

    2014-01-01

    邓小平的道路自信是建立在中国现代化和社会主义制度的优越性的基础上。在道路自信中必须重视党的建设和民生建设,通过这两个方面扩大了道路自信的群众基础。当前,推动道路自信必须突出中国道路内在的理论和实践的优越性,同时兼顾道路自信不同主体的差异性。%DENG Xiaoping's road self-confidence is set up in China's modernization and on the basis of the superiority of the socialist system.We must pay attention to the party's construction and construction of people's livelihood in road self-con-fidence,and thus expand its mass base.Currently,in order to promote road self-confidence,we must highlight the internal theory and practice and care for differentiation of different main body in the road self-confidence.

  1. 泥盆纪锥石类Changshaconus Zhu,1985和Reticulaconularia Babcock et Feldmann,1986两属的解剖学和系统学%ANATOMY AND SYSTEMATICS OF THE DEVONIAN CONULARIIDS CHANGSHACONUS ZHU,1985 AND RETICULACONULARIA BABCOCK ET FELDMANN,1986

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    重新描述了湖南中泥盆世的锥石Changshaconus carinata Zhu,1985.通过比较,笔者认为Changshaconus与产自南非泥盆系和南、北美洲下泥盆统中的Reticulaconularia Babcock et Feldmann,1986非常相似.Changshaconus和Reticulaconularia两属由于锥管表面横肋间具有纵向脊状构造,与横肋构造一起构成了网状的表面装饰,从而区别于其它所有锥石类化石.两属的其它特征还包括:(1)在角沟处,横肋成交错状排列;(2)横肋在角沟的肩部向口端明显弯曲;(3)面中线呈明显的脊状隆起.以上3个特征在Climacoconus Sinclair,1952属中存在,因此Changshaconus、Reticulaconularia和Climacoconus构成了一个单系类群,而不同于其它锥石类.这3属又与Notoconularia Thomas,1969和Paraconularia Sinclair,1952 两属相似,横肋都在角沟处呈交错状排列.%Changshaconus carinata Zhu,1985,a Middle Devonian conulariid from Hunan Province,southeastern China,is redescribed and refigured.Changshaconus probably was most closely related to Reticulaconularia Babcock et Feldmann,1986,which occurs in the Devonian of South Africa and the Lower Devonian of Bolivia,New Jersey,and Quebec.Changshaconus and Reticulaconularia differ from all other conulariids in having transverse ribs and interspace ridges that are arranged in such a way as to form a reticulate facial ornament.Additional characteristics of Changshaconus and Reticulaconularia include (1) interruption plus alternate arrangement and interlocking of the transverse ribs in the corner sulcus;(2) sharp bending of the transverse ribs toward the aperture on the shoulders (edges) of the corner sulcus;(3) midline of the four faces marked by an external ridge.Together,these three additional similarities are uniquely shared with Climacoconus Sinclair,1952,and can be interpreted as evidence that Changshaconus,Reticulaconularia,and Climacoconus were members of a single,monophyletic taxon that excluded all other conulariids.This group

  2. Preference Differentiation of ChangZhuTan Urban Rresidents Forest Health Tourism Based on Lifestyle: A Case of ChangZhuTan City%基于生活形态的城市居民森林保健旅游偏好分异研究 ——以长株潭地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑群明; 唐绒; 陈青山

    2015-01-01

    森林保健旅游已经成为健康旅游的一大热点.在森林保健旅游的研究中,旅游偏好研究的成果较少.通过引入生活形态的概念,对长株潭地区的城市居民加以细分,来研究生活形态迥异的城市居民在森林保健旅游领域的旅游偏好.研究发现,长株潭地区的城市居民可细分为保守稳重型、消极随意型和积极进取型三个不同生活形态的族群;进一步研究发现,不同生活形态的族群在人口学特征、森林保健旅游项目、信息渠道、出行时段、出游方式、入住方式以及消费意向等森林保健旅游偏好方面存在差异.基于研究结论从产品开发和市场营销角度提出相关建议.%Forest health tourism has become a hot spot for health tourism.In the study of forest health tourism,pref-erence research has few outcome.This paper introduces the concept of lifestyle,to distinguish urban residents in Chang-ZhuTan areas and study the travel preferences about different forms of urban residents.It finds that,ChangZhuTan Ur-ban Residents can be ,this paper sdivided into conservative type,passive type and aggressive type.Further research finds differences among the three different lifestyle groups in demographic characteristics and forest health tourism projects,information channels,travel time,travel mode,dormitory-style and consume intention.Finally,some related suggestions for product development and marketing are proposed based on the research findings.

  3. 朱子论《程传》之失%Zhu Xi’s Comments on the Faults of Cheng Yi’s Commentary of the Book of Zhouyi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴宁

    2014-01-01

    朱子在理学上推尊程颐,但在《周易》经学的理解上却独辟蹊径,对伊川颇有微词。朱子视“易本卜筮之书”之说为《易》之“本义”,并提出只以“易本卜筮之书”为前提,才能恰当地理解《周易》,由此彰显了卜筮和象数在《周易》经学中的重要意义。而若不以“易本卜筮之书”为出发点,即或说理完备如伊川,也必将偏离和失去易之本义。从强调本义的《周易》经学观出发,朱子探讨了程颐易学之得失。%Despite his succeeding Cheng Yi’ s Neo-Confucianism Zhu Xi interprets the learning of the I Ching in a special way and raises an objec-tion to Cheng accordingly.Zhu argues that the I Ching is originally a divina-tion book and only in this way can we understand the book itself appropriate-ly thus highlighting the importance of bushi卜筮and xiangshu象数in the Classical Studies of Zhou Yi.Conversely without the starting point the I Ching is originally a divination book even as complete as Cheng in reason-ing one will unavoidably deviate from and miss the original meaning ofthe I Ching.From the view of emphasizing the original meaning in the Classical Studies of Zhou Yi Zhu commented on the merits and faults of Cheng Yi’s studies of the I Ching.

  4. Study on Strategy for Constructing Chang-Zhu-Tan Urban Green Logistics System%构建长株潭城市绿色物流体系策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王阳军; 周建; 芦娟

    2012-01-01

    分析了绿色物流的内涵,在充分探究长株谭区域物流业需求特征的基础上,结合长株潭地区绿色物流产业需求特征,提出了建设长株潭城市绿色物流体系的策略和建议.%The paper analyzes the intension of green logistics and, in connection with the demand characteristics of the green logistics industry of the Chang-Zhu-Tan region, proposes the strategy and suggestions for construction the green logistics system of the region.

  5. 朱德与建国初期党的纪律检查工作建设%ZHU De's Role in the Construction of the Party's Discipline Inspection Work During the Early Stage of PRC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彦民; 高天鼎

    2012-01-01

    After the founding of the People's Republic of China,ZHU De,as the first secretary of the central discipline inspection committee,established and improved the institutions of discipline inspection at all levels.He also defined the concrete tasks of discipline inspection work,and established its principles: treating equally without discrimination,investigating and punishing every rule-breaker,being serious and prudent,incorporating our party's education and disciplines and adhering to our party's unified and centralized leadership.ZHU De proposed a series of working methods as well: under the leadership of our party,to construct its institution and educate the masses to prevent rule-breaking cases.Zhu De suggested all discipline inspection workers take the lead and observe disciplines.ZHU De's contributions mentioned above are valuable experience for strengthening our party's discipline and rectifying party conduct.%中华人民共和国成立后,朱德出任中纪委首任书记,建立健全了党的各级纪检机构。朱德在实际工作中明确了纪律检查工作的具体任务,树立了纪检工作的各项原则:坚持一视同仁的原则,坚持对违纪者必纠的原则,坚持严肃与审慎相结合的原则,坚持党的教育同执行纪律相结合的原则,坚持党的集中统一领导的原则。朱德提出了一系列纪检工作的方法:充分发挥党委领导作用,与其他有关部门配合,坚持走群众路线,制度建设和教育预防并重。朱德要求纪检工作者应以身作则,纪检部门应加强自身的思想建设和组织建设。朱德在建国初期建立健全党的各级纪检机关以及确立一系列纪检工作的任务、原则、方法,为加强党纪、端正党风积累了宝贵的经验。

  6. Effects of Chaihu-Shugan-San and Shen-Ling-Bai-Zhu-San on p38 MAPK Pathway in Kupffer Cells of Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qin-He Yang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate the effects of Chaihu-Shugan-San (CSS, Shen-Ling-Bai-Zhu-San (SLBZS, and integrated recipe of the above two recipes on inflammatory markers and proteins involved in p38 MAPK pathway in Kupffer cells of NASH rats induced by high fat diet (HFD. Rats were administered at low or high dose of CSS, SLBZS, and integrated recipe except normal group and model group for 16 weeks. The levels of hepatic lipid, TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in liver tissues were measured. Kupffer cells were isolated from livers to evaluate expressions of TLR4, p-p38 MAPK, and p38 MAPK by Western blotting. The results showed that the NASH model rats successfully reproduced typical pathogenetic and histopathological features. Levels of hepatic lipid and liver tissues inflammatory factors in high-dose SLBZS group and integrated recipe group were all lower than that of model group decreased observably. Expressions of TLR4, p-p38 MAPK, and p38 MAPK in Kupffer cells were decreased in all treatment groups, but there was no significant difference between treatment groups. The high-dose SLBZS group had the lowest expression levels of TLR4, and the most visible downtrend in the expression levels of p-p38 MAPK and p38 MAPK was found in the high-dose integrated recipe group. The ratio of p-p38 MAPK to total p38 MAPK protein was obviously increased in all treatment groups. Therefore, our study showed that the activation of p38 MAPK pathway in Kupffer cells might be related to the release of inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in NASH rats. High dose of SLBZS and integrated recipe might work as a significant anti-inflammatory effect in Kupffer cells of NASH rats induced by HFD through suppression of p38 MAPK pathway. It indicated that p38 MAPK pathway may be the possible effective target for the recipes.

  7. A Detailed Analysis of Zhu Xi’s Core Values%朱熹的核心价值观探微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林建峰

    2015-01-01

    Zhu Xi is the most influential thinker after Confucius in the history of Confucianism for he has synthesized the system.He advocated such moral cultivation methods as Ju Jing Qiong Li (being deferential and the investigation of things for the purpose of extension of knowledge),and emphasized the importance of cultivation and balance of one’s personalities and temperaments so that one can prac-tice what the saints and sages have said and done and hence one can experience the ultimate value of life.Besides,he suggestd such ecological ethics that all the creatures in Nature should be viewed with the same moral standard and emotional concern as that of the human society and treated with benevo-lence,and the goal was to pursue the harmony of human kind and the universe.He also stressed that Wang Dao (a benevolent government)should be based on the popular aspirations.Throughout his life, he cared very much about people and their livelihood as if they were his own family,and emphasized the importance of increasing the national wealth so that people had enough means and can be taken good care of and hence have no regrets during such times as their birth,old age and illness,as well as funeral etc.,and the aim was to educate people,better the social customs and purify the social atmosphere.%朱熹集儒家文化之大成,建构了宏大而又精密的价值体系。他主张居敬穷理的道德修养方法,强调个体人格的提升以践履圣贤功业,体验生命的终极价值;主张以人类社会道德原则和情感关怀审视自然界的一切生命体,提倡仁爱万物的生态伦理观,追求天人合一的和谐境界;主张王道以得民心为本,一生关怀民生,视百姓为己出,强调为民制产,使其养生丧死无憾,教化民众,淳化社会风俗,净化社会风气。

  8. 朱元璋性格特征与 建立极端专制制度的关系%On the Relationship between Zhu Yuanzhangs Acute Character Traits and His Establishment at Extreme Autocratic Feudal System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪明

    2001-01-01

    After the establishment of Ming Dynasty, Z hu Yuanzhang, the emperor, strengthened his centralization of authority and secr et services, which contributed much to the extremity of feudal dictatorial syste m. This, on the one hand, had something to do with historical factors, on the o ther hand it was interrelated in innumerable ways to Zhu Yuanzhangs acute char acter traits. It can be safely said that Zhu Yuanzhangs character traits promoted hi s establishment of extreme autocratic dominion of feudal system.%明王朝建立之后,朱元璋大力加强中央集权,使中国封建社会的极端专制制度登峰造极。这固然有历史发展的原因,但也与朱元璋自身的性格特点存在千丝万缕的联系。朱元璋的性格特征在其建立极端封建专制制度的过程中起了推波助澜的作用。

  9. Qualitative screening of absorbed indoloquinazoline alkaloids and their metabolites in rat plasma after the oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction by high-resolution mass spectrometry with multiple data mining algorithms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Huarong; Geng, Yajing; Liu, Ran; Yuan, Ziyue; Liu, Xujia; Li, Qing; Bi, Kaishun

    2016-08-01

    A rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography with high-resolution mass spectrometry method with multiple data processing algorithms was developed and applied for the metabolite profiling of evodiamine and its analogous alkaloids in rat plasma after the administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction. All samples were purified using hydrophilic-lipophilic balanced solid-phase extraction cartridges and analyzed by a Sciex TripleTOF 5600(+) mass spectrometer with a 35 min liquid chromatography gradient elution. High-resolution full-scan mass spectrometry and information-dependent acquisition tandem mass spectrometry data were analyzed using multiple data processing approaches. The results indicated that the detected eight prototype alkaloids could be metabolized to 58 metabolites through both phase I and phase II reactions. Oxidation was demonstrated to be the principle metabolic pathway of the parent compounds. The study contributes to the understanding of the absorption and metabolism of the alkaloids in Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction and provides a detailed analysis of scientific data. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  10. 快速控制技术在朱家河煤矿自燃火灾中的应用研究%Application study on fast control of spontaneous fire in Zhu Jia He coal mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    费金彪; 何毅

    2012-01-01

    矿井煤体一旦发生自燃,其中就集聚了大量能量,同时释放CO等有毒有害气体,在发现煤自燃火灾后快速控制及熄灭煤火是煤自燃防治工作中的一项重要任务。本文针对朱家河煤矿12510工作面停采线附近煤自燃情况进行分析,采取基于胶体防灭火为主的快速控制技术,介绍了胶体的性能及火区治理工艺,论述了快速控制技术在朱家河煤矿的成功应用。%Once the occurrence of spontaneous combustion in coal body, which gathered a great deal of energy. At the same time, the re- lease of CO and other toxic and harmful gas. Once find the fire, rapidly control and extinguish fires of coal spontaneous combustion is an im- portant task. In this article, according to Zhu Jia He coal mine12510 working face coal spontaneous combustion near the spot line, analyzed the situation. Taked the fast control technology based on colloid for fire extinguishing technology, introduced the colloid performance and fire management process, discusses the fast control technology applying for Zhu Jia He coal mine successfully.

  11. 从《歧路灯》看清中叶开封的商业活动%See the Business Activities of Kaifeng in the Mid-Qing Dynasty from Qi Lu Deng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊锋

    2015-01-01

    In the Mid-Qing dynasty,the commodity trade in Kaifeng is highly prosperous. There are many descriptions of social e-conomy in the Henan local novel Qi Lu Deng. It shows the panorama of Kaifeng trade at that time. And it has in-depth descriptions of the commercial development,commercial transportation route, and businessmen operating in the industry. In the novel, foreign busi-nessmen in Henan commercial development occupy the main position. They are mainly engaged in silk trade, pawnshop. Local busi-nessmen mainly engaged in medicine and food operations. Guildhall is an important stage for foreign guest businessman social. It plays a important role of the carrier and the media in economic activity.%清中叶,开封的商品贸易高度繁荣。河南本土小说《歧路灯》中有大量关于清中叶社会经济风貌的描写,展现了当时开封贸易的全貌,诸如商业的发展、商业交通路线、商人经营行业等都有深入描写。小说中的客商在当时河南商业发展中占据主体地位,主要从事丝绸、当铺等贸易。本土商人实力较弱,主要从事药材和粮食贸易。会馆是客居异乡的商人进行社交的重要舞台,在经济活动中起到了重要的载体和媒介作用。

  12. 论邓小平改革底线思维及其战略意义%On Deng Xiaoping’s bottom line thinking of reform and its strategic significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王水兴; 周利生

    2015-01-01

    Deng Xiaoping’s distinctive bottom line thinking of reform is embodied in his ideas as“stability is of overriding importance”, “development is the hard truth”, “if our policy leads to polarization, we have failed”,“with both hands, both are tough” and“our ancestors cannot be lost”. Adhering to Deng’s bottom line thinking is of great significance for CPC party, as it is not only the inherent requirement to promote the reform and opening-up and maintain the political concentration in the modernization process, and the basic guarantee to ensure the socialist direction in China’s reform and modernization, but the major cause for the socialism with Chinese characteristics to constantly maintain its vigor and vitality.%“稳定压倒一切”“发展是硬道理”“如果我们的政策导致两极分化,我们就失败了”“两手抓,两手都要硬”“老祖宗不能丢”等体现了邓小平鲜明的改革底线思维。坚持邓小平的改革底线思维,是我们党推进改革开放和现代化建设过程中保持政治定力的内在要求,是当代中国改革开放和现代化建设坚持社会主义方向的基本保证,是中国特色社会主义事业不断保持生机活力的根本原因。

  13. Deng Tingluo's Question and Ask of Military Mirror and The Study on Sun Tzu's Military Science in Early Qing Dynasty%邓廷罗之《兵镜或问》与清初孙子兵学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕海林

    2012-01-01

    There are some characteristic in Deng Tingluo' s Question and Ask of Military Mirror, such as histo- ry and discussion,elaborating military affairs and governing the country and interpretation of micro field,in which many analysis won the essence of Sun Tzu's military science and relatively comprehensively summed up military changes trends and military thought development in thousands of years since The Art of War came into being. The works have characteristics on three aspects of the basic concept of war, troops idea and winning ways around the study on Sun Tzu ,show the adjustment and fusion of both military strategic thoughts and Confucianism thoughts, and continue academic tradition of the blending of Ming military strategy and Confucianism,which is the representa- tive works of studying The Art of War in early Qing Dynasty.%邓廷罗所作《兵镜或问》史论兼及,论兵亦论治国,阐释中有发微,不少分析深得孙子兵学之精要,较为全面地总结和探讨了自《孙子兵法》成书后千余年战争趋势的变化和军事思想的发展。围绕孙子兵学的概念范畴,在基本战争观念、治军理念和制胜之道三个方面展现了兵儒之间的相互调适与融合的特色,在学术上延续了明代兵儒相融的孙子兵学研究传统,是清初孙子兵学研究的代表之作。

  14. 对马克思和邓小平关于“消灭剥削”问题的再思考%The Reconsideration of Marx and DENG Xiao - ping about the Problem of Eliminating Exploitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗前娥

    2012-01-01

    DEN(; Xiao - ping generalized the essence of socialism in his south tour speeches twenty years ago scientifically. But for twenty years, some people have been misinterpreting the meaning of eliminating exploitation as eliminating exploitati- on in nonpublic society. This article elaborates it from three aspects: Did Marx really believe that non - public being eliminated meant eliminating exploitation? Can we find the way to eliminate exploitation from the secret of exploitation dis- covered by Marx.9 How can we explain why we still have exploitation in socialist society and what is the difference between them in capitalist society? All these need us to re - explore along the thinking of Marx and DENG Xiao - ping.%邓小平科学地概括了社会主义的本质,但20年来始终有人曲解其中关于消灭剥削的内涵,错误地认为“消灭剥削”作为社会主义本质是指消灭非公有制所存在的剥削。对此,文章从三个方面进行探讨,马克思是否认为消灭私有制,实现公有制就消灭了剥削;马克思在揭示剥削的秘密时,向我们昭示了什么样的消灭剥削的路径;社会主义社会存在的剥削现象和资本主义社会的剥削有何本质区别。这些问题需要我们沿着马克思和邓小平的思路继续进行探索。

  15. Deng Xiaopin’s Inheritance and Development of Mao Zedong’s Theories on Intellectuals%邓小平对毛泽东知识分子理论的继承和发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊大薇

    2001-01-01

    Chinese intellectuals are an essential force in Chinese democratic revolution and socialist construction.Without whose participation such revolution and construction might not have been successful.This article discusses from three aspects the inheritance and development on the part of Mr.Deng Xiaoping of Mao Zedong’s intellectual theory.It is stressed again that intellectuals are part of the working class and therefore their class property is made clear.It is also pointed out that intellectuals are a trustworthy force of the Chinese Communist Party,and that a good custom of “respecting knowledge and respecting talents”must be established.%知识分子是中国民主革命和社会主义建设队伍中不可缺少的重要力量,没有知识分子参加,革命和建设的事业是不能成功的。本文从三个方面阐述邓小平对毛泽东关于知识分子问题理论的继承和发展。重申知识分子是工人阶级的一部分,明确了知识分子的阶级属性;指出知识分子是党的一支依靠力量,要形成“尊重知识、尊重人才”的良好风尚。

  16. 朱丹溪脾胃观源流与特征初探%A Preliminary Study on the Origins and Characteristics of Zhu Danxi's Concept of Spleen-Stomach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈堂彪

    2016-01-01

    Objective] The article analyzed the origins of Zhu Danxi's concept of the spleen-stomach and the characteristics of the prescription, and explored the content of the academic research of Zhu Danxi. [Methods] Through literature method, the control analysis of the formation of succession context of Zhu Danxi's concept of the spleen-stomach, from three aspects, it analyzes the main characteristics of the view of the spleen and stomach on the physiology and pathology of spleen-stomach, spleen and stomach disease treatment, and treatment through the spleen-stomach.[Results] Zhu Danxi's concept of the spleen-stomach had the close relation with apprentice teacher and famous experts. The basic viewpoints origin from Liu Wansu, draws expelling spleen and stomach drug laws of Li Dongyuan, critically to retain the Zhang Congzheng's spleen-stomach academics, fully inherit the clinical experience of Luo Zhiti, and then form the concept of the spleen-stomach on physiological and the characteristics including the emphasis on physiological and pathological of the spleen-stomach and the prescription by protecting spleen-stomach. The treatment methods through the spleen-stomach to treat the exogenous and miscellaneous disease, including the tonifying spleen and regulating qi to dispel six stagnation, tonifying spleen and strengthening qi to remove exogenous, tonifying spleen and nourishing blood to resolute carbuncle and abscess, tonifying spleen and sweat to eliminate malaria cough, applicable law of clearing stomach and intestinal. [Conclusion] The formation and characteristics of Zhu Danxi's concept of the spleen-stomach is of great practical significance for guiding the clinical application and the cultivation of traditional Chinese medicine.%[目的]探讨朱丹溪脾胃观形成源流及其理法方药规律与特点,拓展丹溪学术研究内容。[方法]以文献学的方法,对照分析朱丹溪脾胃观形成的师承脉络,从脾胃的生理

  17. 秦汉社会方技--医药学探析--兼论司马迁为扁鹊仓公立传的历史意义%The Study of Medicine and Pharmacology in Qin and Han Dynasties--- Discussing H istorical Signi ficance of Sima Qian Writing Biography for Bian Que and Canggong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱子彦

    2013-01-01

      医药学是我国古代科技的重要门类之一,在刘歆的《七略》中,医药学被称之为“方技略”,医生被称之为“方者”。司马迁在《史记》中撰《扁鹊仓公列传》,开创了正史为方技立传的先河,后世因袭,遂成故事。从长沙马王堆出土的《五十二病方》来看,从春秋战国至秦汉社会,医方包括部分禁方有了很大的普及。东汉初年编成的《神农本草经》集中反映了先秦秦汉时期药物学的成就。方技中不仅方者,甚至鼓吹神仙术的方士,都对药物学作出了一定的贡献。%  Medicine is one of the important categories of ancient science and technology in China .In the Seven Brie fwriten by Liu Xin ,medicine was called Fangji Brief ,the doctor was referred to as Fangzhe . Sima Qian had written Records of the Grand Historian :Collected Biographies of Bian Que and Cang Gong ,which had been pioneered the official history to write biography of Fangji .Through 52 Kinds of Disorders unearthed in Mawangdui Han Tomb in Changsha ,medical prescriptions including some taboo prescriptions extensively had been popularizing from the Spring and Autumn periods and Warring States periods to the Qin and Han dynasties .The Shen Nong’s Herbal Classic compiled in the early Eastern Han dynasty concentrated to reflect achievements of the Qin and Han’s medicine .Both the Fangzhe and alche-mists also made a certain contribution for medicine .

  18. The Developed Rural Soil Reflected from the Perspective of Ethical Realism:On"Dai Deng(带灯)"Novel Written by Jia Pingwa%被"开发"的乡土及其伦理现实主义省思——贾平凹《带灯》论析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周涛

    2015-01-01

    Facing the unprecedented process of modernization and urbanization in contemporary China,the novel"Dai deng"written by Jia Pingwa focuses on the unique ethical scenery in rural life world,exploring and estimating the China experience extracted from the modernity dilemma encountered in present rural society. The sculpture of Dai Deng's character shows Jia Pingw's effort to recover the traditional ethical memories,and her tragedy highlights the power of realistic narration logic. It composes the creation paradigm of ethical realism that the claim for writing ethics is combined with realistic principle in"Dai Deng"novel,providing new aesthetic experience for contempora-ry literature to get into present rural society.%面对当代中国前所未有的现代化、城镇化进程,贾平凹的《带灯》聚焦于乡村生活世界的独特伦理景观,发掘和评估当下乡村社会所遭遇的现代性困境以及由此提炼而成的"中国经验"."带灯"形象的塑造体现了贾平凹复苏传统伦理记忆的努力,她的悲剧则突出了现实主义叙事逻辑的力量."写伦理"的诉求与现实主义原则构成了《带灯》伦理现实主义的创作范式,为当代文学进入目前的乡村社会提供了新的审美经验.

  19. Zhu Rongji's Educational Thoughts:The text interpretation of the Speech Record of Zhu Rongji%朱镕基教育思想述要——基于《朱镕基讲话实录》的文本解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯东

    2012-01-01

    《朱镕基讲话实录》是我们了解朱镕基教育思想的重要途径。朱镕基教育思想主要包括教育的功能观、人才观和教师观等方面。他认为,教育是科技的基础;为学先为人,为学要严,为人要正;办学最核心的问题是师资。此外,他还提出了基础教育的关键问题在经费投入、吸引留学人才归国关键靠政策、经济人才培养要注重英语教学等教育思想。%Interpreting Zhu Rongji's "Speech Record" is an important way to our understanding of his educational ideas.His education ideas include the concept of the function of education,view on talent and teacher and so on.He believes that education is the decisive factor in the economic development;that it is important to learn to be a man before learning academic things;and that Teacher is essential to school education.Besides,he asserts that the key to a successful elementary education is funding;that to attract overseas talents needs appropriate policy;and that economic personnel training should take English language teaching as an integral part.

  20. 朱生豪之译者生态研究%A Study of Zhu Shenghao from the Perspective of Translator Ecology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路艳玲; 谢世坚

    2015-01-01

    Zhu Shenghao is one of the most important translators of Shakespeare’s plays and his translation is a milestone in translation history and the history of Shakespeare studies in China. From the perspective of translator ecology,we analyze his thoughts on translation,and investigate his translation activities from four dimensions,that is,the making of the translator, the identity of the translator,the translation of the translator and the acceptance and influence of the translator. We also explore Zhu’s childhood and his education,his broad interests and in particular his interest in Shakespeare’s plays,and his rigorous attitude towards translation. We probe into the significance of his translating Shakespeare’s works under the particular social environment (Anti-Japanese War) when the dignity of the Chinese national culture was endangered. And we find out that translation is not only the translator’s personal and individual activity,but the result of combined effect of the translator himself, social and family environment,cultural atmosphere and acceptance of target reader and audience.%朱生豪是莎士比亚戏剧最重要的译者之一,朱生豪译本在中国莎学史、中国翻译史上是一个里程碑式的伟大工程。本文以译者生态理论(对译者之所以成为译者、之所以被称为翻译家的动态研究和静态描述相结合的理论)为视角,深入追溯朱生豪的生平,从译者生成论、译者角色论、译者翻译论和译者接受论四方面探讨朱生豪的翻译活动,既研究了其自幼天资聪颖、受过良好教育和兴趣爱好广泛、热爱莎剧、翻译态度严谨认真等个性特点,也探讨了其在事关中华民族文化尊严的特定社会环境(抗日战争时期)下翻译莎剧行为的深刻社会背景。朱生豪的翻译生涯表明,翻译不仅仅是翻译家的个人事业,也不仅仅是译者个人的孤立行动,而是由译者自身、社会及家庭

  1. Mr. Zhu Xiankang’s Experience in Treating Children Multiple Tourette Syndrome%朱先康治疗小儿多发性抽动症的经验撷萃

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵艳; 朱先康

    2014-01-01

    [目的]总结朱先康老师运用滋肾平肝、熄风涤痰法治疗小儿多发性抽动症的临床经验。[方法]通过简述小儿多发性抽动症的病因病机、治则方药,分析临床典型病例,阐述朱师运用滋肾平肝,熄风涤痰法治疗小儿多发性抽动症的临床经验。[结果]朱师认为小儿多动症病因为五志过极、风痰内蕴,病机为肾虚肝旺,风痰阻络,以滋肾平肝,熄风涤痰为基本治法,运用定抽方加减治疗1例小儿多发性抽动症患者,3个月后不自主抽动症状逐渐消失,胃纳可,睡眠安,诸症消失,多发性抽动症治愈。[结论]朱师治疗小儿多发性抽动症的临床经验,对儿科临床具有启示意义。%[Objective]To sum up Mr. Zhu Xiankang’s clinical experience in treating children multiple tourette syndrome with nourishing kidney to soothe liver and relieving dizziness to remove sputum. [Method] By expounding the reason and mechanism, treating rules and formula of children multiple tourette syndrome, as wel as analyzing typical clinical cases, it expounds Pro. Zhu Xiankang ’s experience in treating the said disease with his method. [Re-sult] In his view, the disease owes to excessive five sensations, wind sputum accumulated inside, with mechanism of deficient kidney and hyperactivity of liver, wind sputum blocking col aterals, should take nourishing kidney to soothe liver and relieving dizziness to remove sputum as basic method;he applied revised Dingchou Decoction to treat 1 case of multiple tourette syndrome; after 3m, the un-automomous spasm disappeared gradual y, the patient had good appetite and sleep, al symptoms were relieved, and he was cured. [Conclusion] Mr. Zhu Xiankang ’s clinical experience in treating children multiple tourette syndrome has enlightenment to pediatrics clinic.

  2. 从井冈山“朱毛之争”探讨陈毅的性格特征%Exploration into the Character Traits of Chen Yi From“Zhu Mao Dispute”in Jinggangshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴得民; 王庆跃

    2013-01-01

    In the late 1920s, Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Chen Yi, co-founded the Red Army and the Jinggangshan revolutionary base.But in early period of revolution, how to create a new people’s army, whether to establish the Central Military Commission or not,“Zhu Mao dispute” took place within the Red Army ,and Chen Yi was also deeply involved in the debate.The authors, from Jinggangshan“Zhu Mao struggle”, through in-depth study of revolutionary friendship created between Mao Zedong and Chen Yi in long revolutionary period,, exhibit the excellent character traits and spirit of Chen Yi,such as kindness, cheerfulness and activity, generous tolerance; magnanimous honest, being brave for self-criticism, being aboveboard, being able to speak up; dealing with people outspokenly, without cronyism, not adding insult to injury..%20世纪20年代末期,毛泽东、朱德、陈毅共同创建了红军和井冈山革命根据地。但在革命初期,在如何创建新型人民军队、是否设立军委的问题上,红军内部发生了“朱毛之争”,陈毅也卷入这场争论风波。从井冈山“朱毛之争”入手,通过深入研究毛泽东与陈毅在长期革命历程中建立的革命友情,展现了陈毅生性厚道、开朗活跃、豪爽宽容;坦荡真诚,勇于自我批判;光明磊落,敢于仗义执言;待人处事心直口快,不结党营私,不落井下石的优秀的性格特征和精神风貌。

  3. 对“明君圣主”形象的建构--从朱元璋《高皇帝御制文集》明刻本的文章取舍看编纂者的用意%Construction of a Wise Emperor:Examining the Editors’Intention through the Selection of Articles in the Ming Version by Zhu Yuanzhang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯晓晨

    2015-01-01

    by Zhu Yuanzhang is regarded as the earliest imperial collection remaining nowadays. By comparing articles written by Zhu Yuanzhang from this book and , this essay aims to point out that the editors left out two kinds of articles in the collection deliberately: the articles which shows the adversarial relationship between Zhu Yuanzhang and leaders of other insurgent forces, and articles which failed to use literary language. Such working methods should used for constructing Zhu Yuanzhang's image as a wise emperor intentionaly.%朱元璋《高皇帝御制文集》是我国现存年代最早的御制文集。该文通过将其现存的几个明刻本中的篇目和《全明文·第一册》所载的朱元璋文章相比较,指出《御制文集》的编纂者遗漏了两类文章:一类是表现朱元璋与元末其他义军首领敌对关系的,另一类是语言俚俗、写作粗糙的。这种作法很可能出于一个目的———对朱元璋“明君圣主”形象的有意建构。

  4. Analysis of the Constituents in “Zhu She Yong Xue Shuan Tong” by Ultra High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry Combined with Preparative High Performance Liquid Chromatography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin-Lin Wang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available “Zhu She Yong Xue Shuan Tong” lyophilized powder (ZSYXST, consists of a series of saponins extracted from Panax notoginseng, which has been widely used in China for the treatment of strokes. In this study, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS combined with preparative high performance liquid chromatography (PHPLC method was developed to rapidly identify both major and minor saponins in ZSYXST. Some high content components were removed through PHPLC in order to increase the sensitivity of the trace saponins. Then, specific characteristic fragment ions in both positive and negative mode were utilized to determine the types of aglycone, saccharide, as well as the saccharide chain linkages. As a result, 94 saponins, including 20 pairs of isomers and ten new compounds, which could represent higher than 98% components in ZSYXST, were identified or tentatively identified in commercial ZSYXST samples.

  5. Persist in and Carry Forward the Integrative Medical Research——Speech at the 6th National General Congress of Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine by Academician CHEN Zhu,Minister of Ministry of Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The 6th National General Congress of Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine(CAIM)was convened at 19-20,April 2008 in Beijing.Academician CHEN Zhu,the minister of Ministry of Health indicated at the congress that the integration of Chinese and Westem medicine is very well in keeping with the situation of our countw and the general rule of development in medical science;and as a good integration of Chinese medicine and Western medicine,it is mutually beneficial and advantageous to both of them.Seeing the creativity shown in integrative medical investigation in theoretic and methodological sides,we should and must persist in and develop it.

  6. 析朱虹译《女人的“一样”和“不一样”》%A Case Study of Zhu Hong's Translation of Are Women As Good As Men

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈钰

    2012-01-01

    Feminist translation theory has reinterpreted translator's subjectivity.This paper firstly briefly introduces the feminist translation theory and then explores the translator's subjectivity from feminist translation perspective by analyzing Zhu Hong's translation of Are Women As Good As Men.%女性主义翻译理论对译者主体性作出了新的阐释。文章在简要介绍女性主义翻译的基础上,分析女翻译家朱虹的翻译文本《女人的"一样"和"不一样"》,从女性主义翻译观视角来研究译者主体性。

  7. Oil-Source Correlation and Relative Contribution of Source Rock from Enping Formation in Zhu Ⅰ Depression%珠Ⅰ坳陷油源对比及恩平组烃源岩的相对贡献

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    国朋飞; 何生; 柴德蓉; 殷世艳

    2015-01-01

    Study of the contribution from Enping Formation to oil accumulation in Zhuyi depression has an important application value to the enlargement of exploration area and the discovery of new reserves,and the related research is less.In this paper, the correlation of oil and source rock in Zhu Ⅰ depression,Pearl River Mouth Basin is discussed first,and then the relative contribution of source rock in the Eocene to Oligocene Enping Formation (Ee )was investigated by combining end-member oil mixing experiment and biomarkers absolute concentrations.Oil-source correlation results show that the oils in Zhu Ⅰ depres-sion can be divided into three classes.The first class derived from Eocene deep-water lacustrine Wenchang Formation (Ew ) mainly distributes in Huilu low uplift,Panyu 4 sag and Liuhua uplift,etc.The second class derived from the Ee distributes on-ly in the northern of Huizhou sag.The third class (mixed oils)derived from both the Ew and the Ee distributes in the southern of Huizhou sag and Enping sag.End-member oil mixing experiment shows that the plate established by concentration and geo-chemical indexes,such as steranes and terpanes concentration,was suitable to indicate the relative contribution of two types of source rock in Zhu Ⅰ depression.Results show that mudstones in the Ew was the main source rock in Zhu Ⅰ depression,the relative contribution of the Ee is only appear in the Huizhou sag and Enping sag.%恩平组烃源岩成藏贡献研究对于拓展珠Ⅰ坳陷勘探新领域以及发现新的储量具有重要的应用价值,目前相关研究较少。在油源对比的基础上,将生标绝对含量与端元油配比实验相结合,研究了珠Ⅰ坳陷恩平组烃源岩对单井油样的相对贡献。油源对比结果指示,研究区原油可分为3类:第1类源自始新统文昌组中深湖相烃源岩,主要分布在惠陆低凸起、番禺4洼、流花凸起等地区;第2类源自始新统-渐新统恩平组湖沼相烃源

  8. Functional Mechanism of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan in Resisting Menalgia No. 4 Hospital of Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province%少腹逐瘀丸抗痛经作用机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺克; 刘姣; 李清

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察少腹逐瘀丸对缩宫素诱发小鼠痛经的镇痛作用及作用机制.方法:取KM小鼠50只,随机分为空白对照组、模型组、丹莪妇康煎膏组、少腹逐瘀丸高剂量组及低剂量组.除空白对照组外,其余各组小鼠灌胃给药同时灌服乙烯雌酚,连续7天.末次给药30 min后,除空白对照组外,其余各组小鼠腹腔注射缩宫素,观察小鼠离体子宫平滑肌收缩变化,小鼠30 min内扭体反应次数,并检测小鼠血浆血栓烷B2(TXB2)、6-酮-前列腺素F1α(6-Keto-PGF1α)及血清超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)、丙二醛(MDA)含量.结果:少腹逐瘀丸能够明显抑制缩宫素诱导小鼠离体子宫平滑肌收缩(P<0.05),使痛经小鼠扭体反应次数有降低趋势,但差异无显著性(P>0.05),并能明显降低小鼠血浆TXB2含量(P<0.05),明显升高血浆6-Keto-PGF1α含量(P<0.05),显著降低血清MDA含量(P<0.01),明显升高血清SOD含量(P<0.05).结论:少腹逐瘀丸对缩宫素诱导小鼠痛经模型具有较好治疗作用,其作用可能与调节TXB2/6-Keto-PGF1α比值、抗氧化有关.%Objective: to observe the analgesic effect and the functional mechanism of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan on oxytocin - induced menalgia of mice. Method: 50 KM mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, soft extract group of Dan'e Fukang, high dose and low dose groups of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan, all of which, except the first group, were given intragastric administration and diethylstilbestrol for 7 days successively, then in-traperitoneal injection with oxytocin 30 minutes after the last administration, for the purpose to observe the contraction changes of the uterus smooth muscle in vitro, frequency of writhing response in 30 minutes and the following contents: TXB2 , 6 - Keto - PGF1, SOD and MDA. Results: Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan could inhibit significantly the muscle contraction of the uterus in vitro induced by oxytocin ( P 0. 05 ), significantly decrease TXB2( P <0. 05

  9. Experience of Prof. ZHU Shan for treating non-infectious diarrhea in children%朱珊教授治疗小儿非感染性腹泻经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周怡锦; 朱珊

    2015-01-01

    Non-infectious diarrhea in children is a common pediatric gastrointestinal disease. Based on years of clinical experience, Prof. ZHU Shan found that Pixu and Shisheng is a key factor of pathogenesis, should be treated by Jianpi Huashi. The disease was divided into Shangshi, Shire, and Pixu, it treated in differentiation can achieve good effects.%小儿非感染性腹泻是儿科消化道常见疾病。朱珊教授依据多年临床经验总结发现,脾虚和湿盛是其发病的关键因素,治疗当以健脾化湿为基本治则,临床将其常症分为伤食泻、湿热泻和脾虚泻三大类。并自拟方药对证治疗,临床效果显著。

  10. Integrated Application of Fiscal and Monetary Policies: Inspiration from Collaborative Theory of Fiscal and Monetary Policies by DENG Ziji%论财政政策、货币政策的配套运用——学习邓子基先生财政货币政策协同理论的心得

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹向阳

    2012-01-01

    The Collaborative Theory of Fiscal and Monetary Policies by Mr. Deng Ziji is rich and inspiring. This paper summarizes the academic thoughts of Mr. Deng and highlights his theoretical contribution to collaboration of fiscal and monetary policies. Based on these thoughts and theories, the paper interprets the main points of monetary policies in the next stage under current situations both home and abroad.%邓子基先生关于财政与银行、财政政策与货币政策协调配合的理论思想丰富而深刻。本文对邓先生的财政银行学术思想进行了总结,重点阐述了邓先生在财政政策与货币政策配合方面的理论贡献。基于这些思想和理论,本文还结合当前国内外经济形势,对下一阶段货币政策操作的着力点进行了说明。

  11. ZOPROPANOL-METİL İZOBUTİL KETON SİSTEMİNİN (101.32, 66.67 VE 40.00 ± 0.02 KPa BASINÇLARDAKİ İZOBARİK SIVI-BUHAR DENGE VERİLERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet BİLGİN

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Izopropanol - metilsiklohekzan sistemine ait izobarik sıvı-buhar denge verileri (101.32, 66.67 ve 40.00 ± 0.02 kPa basınçlarda deneysel olarak elde edilmiştir. Deneysel verilerin tutarlılığı Redlich-Kister, BroughtonBrearley, Black and Herington test yöntemleriyle sınanmıştır. Denge verileri, bu alanda sıkça kullanılan ve farklı hesaplama yollarına sahip iki klasik metod olan UNIFAC ve Margules yöntemlerinden elde edilen verilerle karşılaştırılmıştır. Sonuçlar tablolar ve grafikler halinde sunulmuş, sapmalar değerlendirilmek suretiyle deneysel ve hesaplama sonuçları arasındaki farklar vurgulanmıştır. Muhtemelen model denklemlerin yetersiz basınç hassasiyeti dolayısıyla, elde edilen verilerin özellikle düşük basınçlarda, deneysel verilerden sapma gösterdiği görülmüştür.

  12. Investigation on treating infertility by phytoestrogens in FU Qing-zhu Female Department%《傅青主女科》应用植物雌激素治疗不孕症探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯有甫; 高文谦; 曾乐谦; 李春香; 魏克民; 郑军献

    2014-01-01

    Phytoestrogens are plant compounds that are structurally or functionally similar to estradiol, which have both estrogenic and anti-estrogenic activity;Displaying a two-way regulation ability and extensive preventive and therapeutic effects on hormone-related diseases. The ten prescriptions for infertility in FU Qing-zhu female department are criteria for infertility treatment in gynecology of later generation. There are altogether 38 herbal medicines in the ten prescriptions, of which 19 containing phytoestrogen, and each prescription consisting of phytoestrogen medicines. Regulating estrogenic and anti-estrogenic activity through phytoestrogens is the main mechanism of infertility treatment in FU Qing-zhu female department.%植物雌激素是天然植物化合物,结构或功能与雌二醇相同。有雌激素或抗雌激素双向调节作用,对激素相关性疾病具有广泛防治作用。《傅青主女科》治疗不孕症十方是后世妇科治疗不孕症的准绳,方中共用中药38味,含植物雌激素中药19味,每方必用植物雌激素。通过植物雌激素调节雌激素或抗雌激素活性是《傅青主女科》治疗不孕症主要机理。

  13. 中药复方双术油抗肿瘤机制的研究%Anti-tumor Mechanism of Chinese Herbal Compound Shuang-Zhu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋媛媛; 徐扬; 李媛媛; 李先荣

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the anti-tumor mechanism of compound Shuang-zhu (BELY) anti-tumor effect in vitro and in vivo. Method: In experimental evaluation, eight groups were setup; control group, negative control group, six different concentrations of BELY groups (100, 80, 60, 40, 20, 10, 5 μg · mL-1 ). CCK-8 kit was used to detect the proliferative effect of BELY on K562, MDA-MB-231, LoVo and HepG2 cells. Sixty health kunming mice was used to establish transplant tumor models of murine sarcoma SI80 and of H22. Then they were randamly divided into six groups, including control group ( NS) , DMSO ( 1 % ) group, cisplatin group (1 mg · kg-1) , three different concentration ( 100, 200, 400 mg · kg -1) of BELY groups to observe the effect of BELY on tumor-bearing mice. ELISA was employed to detect of cytokines interleukin-2 ( IL-2 ) , interleukin-12 ( IL-6) , interleukin-12 (IL-12) and TNF-alpha to reflect the effect of BELY on immune function of tumor-bearing mice. T cell subsets of CD4+ and CD8+ in peripheral blood of tumor-bearing mice were measured by flow cytometry. Result: BELY showed a certain degree of inhibition on HepG2 and K562, LoVo, MDA231 cells in dose-effect relationship. BELY could significantly inhibit the growth of the murine sarcoma S180 and of H22, and improve the thymus index, spleen index and body weight of the tumor-bearing mice, BELY could significantly increase serum CD4VCD8 +. Compared with the blank control group, P <0. 01 or P <0. 05. Conclusion: BELY can not only directly inhibit tumor cells, but also enhance immune to achieve the anti-tumor action bidirectionally.%目的:探讨复方双术油(BELY)体内外抗肿瘤作用及其机制.方法:设置空白组、阴性对照组、分别采用CCK-8法检测BELY(1 00,80,60,40,20,10,5 mg·L-1)对肿瘤细胞株K562,乳腺癌细胞系MDA-MB-231,人结直肠腺癌细胞LOVO和人肝癌细胞HepG2的抗增殖作用;建立小鼠S180及H22皮下肿瘤模型,设空白组(NS)、溶媒对照组(1

  14. 长株潭地区土地利用/覆被变化的时空特征研究%Study on Spatio-temporal Change of Land Use/Cover in Chang-Zhu-Tan Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵双飞

    2012-01-01

    In order to reveal the land use change and spatial variation characteristics, strengthen land space control and promote the sustainable use of land resources in Chang-Zhu-Tan region during the period of rapid development of urbanization, based on the land use/cover status data in 1986, 1995 and 2005, combined with the technology of GIS, the author studied on spatio-temporal change of land use/cover in Chang-Zhu-Tan region. The results showed that: (1) forest and paddy were advantage in Chang-Zhu-Tan region. During 1986-2005, urban construction land and rural residential land continued to increase, while the paddy continued to decline. (2) Various types of the land use were mutual conversion. Most of paddy, arid-land, forest, shrub and waters transformed into the urban construction lands. The new rural residential land was mainly come from paddy. Urban construction land growth appeared in two ways. One grew by attaching the existing urban construction land, the other grew by leaping. (3) The land use change existed obvious regional differences in Chang-Zhu-Tan region. The relative change rate of the land use type of Changsha City, Zhuzhou City and Xiangtan City was larger; while the relative change rate of the land use type of Liling City, Yarding County and Chaling County was smaller. (4) The average speed of the land use change was not fast in Chang-Zhu-Tan region. The changes of urban construction land, rural residential land, water and grass were positive, which grew with the fastest changing was the urban construction land; the changes of the remaining land use type was negative changes, which reduced with the fastest changing was orchard. It was thought that the main reason for spatio-temporal change of land use/cover was integration development, urbanization level improvement and differences in Chang-Zhu-Tan region.%为了揭示长株潭地区城市化快速发展时期的土地利用的数量变化和空间变化特征,加强土地空 间管制和促进

  15. On the Mass Work Carried out by the Seventh Red Army Led by Deng Xiaoping in Chongyi in South Jiangxi%试析邓小平率红七军在赣南崇义开展的群众工作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李蓉

    2015-01-01

    Deng Xiaoping worked and fought for 4 years in south Jiangxi from 1931 to 1934 . On the ground throughout south Jiangxi spread his footprints of hard struggle and stories about his mass work. Working in Chongyi was an important part of Deng Xiaoping’s experiences in south Jiangxi,and also an important period for his exploring in mass work. Deng Xiaoping employed diverse methods to lead the Seventh Red Army to carry out the mass work in Chongyi:first,bring the role of army into full play in the field of mass work;second,bring the roles of local party organizations and governments into full play;third,firmly grasp the objectives and tasks of mass work;and fourth,pay attention to the continuity of mass work. In addition,he actively enlarged the influ-ences of the Party and the Red Army by mass work,and brought the core leading role of party organizations in mass work into full play. These practices inspire us a lot for the mass work of today.%邓小平1931年至1934年曾在赣南工作、战斗4年。赣南大地留下了他艰苦奋斗的足迹,也留下了他开展群众工作的事迹。崇义工作期间是邓小平在赣南很重要的一段经历,也是他探讨开展群众工作的一个重要时期。邓小平率领红七军在赣南崇义开展群众工作的方法很多:一是充分发挥部队做群众工作的作用;二是充分发挥地方党组织和政府的作用;三是牢牢掌握群众工作的目标和任务;四是注意群众工作的长期性。此外,还积极通过群众工作扩大党和红军的影响,并在群众工作中充分发挥党组织的核心领导作用。这些做法,对我们今天做好群众工作仍有许多启示。

  16. 汉译佛经等比标记“如……等/许”探源%On the Source of the Equal Comparative Marker "Ru(如) -'- Deng/Xu(等许)" in the Chinese Translated Buddhist Scriptures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜南

    2012-01-01

    “如……等/许”是中古新兴的等比标记,大量用例来自汉译佛经,然而以往局限于中土汉语文献的研究并不能完整揭示其来源。文章结合汉译佛经中的丰富实例,借助现有的梵汉对勘材料,初步证明,汉译佛经的框式等比标记“如……等/许”是前置词“如”和后置词“等/许”在仿译原文同型等比结构的基础上,临时搭配而成的句法格式;译经还在仿译原文等比结构的基础上仿译原文构词,促使等比标记进一步向词内成分虚化,成为构词语素。%As a new equal comparative marker in the Medieval Chinese, "Ru(如) "" Deng/Xu(等/许)" is mostly used in the Chinese translated Buddhist scriptures. But previous studies limited to the Chinese literatures are difficult to reveal its integrated source. With the help of the plenty of examples in the Chinese Buddhist Scriptures and the Sanskrit-Chinese comparative materials in existence, we shall make a preliminary demonstration that the equal comparative marker "Ru(如) --- Deng/Xu(等/许)" is a discontinuous construction temporarily composed of the preposition "Ru(如)" and the postposition "Deng/Xu(等/许)" on the base of the calque of the homotypical equal comparative struction in the original text. Meanwhile, the lexical calque also happened via translations which further promoted the development from the equal comparative marker to the morpheme within a word.

  17. 养阴逐瘀汤联合西医常规治疗喉白斑病50例%Treatment for 50 Cases of Laryngeal Leukoplakia with YangYin ZhuYuTang and Conventional Western Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师秀平

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore clinical effects of YangYin ZhuYuTang, western medicine and surgery in treating laryngeal leukoplakia. Method: One hundred patients were randomized into two groups on average. Operation was performed after anesthesia of nasal surface and the patients of both groups were banned from smoking and drinking, administered with ultrasonic atomizing inhalation, once each time, 60 mg/1mL of gentamycin sulfate injection and 5 mg of dexamthasone each time. Observation group received YangYin ZhuYuTang based on the treatment given to control group, one dose per day, taking after breakfast and supper. One session was one month and both groups were treated for two consecutive sessions. Result: Cure rate and total effective rate of observation groups were 84.00% and 98.00%, superior to 70.00% and 88.00% of control group with notable differences (P<0.05). No adverse reaction or complication occurred in both groups. Conclusion: YangYin ZhuYuTang combined with western medicine and surgery can obtain better clinical effects in treating laryngeal leukoplakia without adverse reaction.%目的:观察养阴逐瘀汤联合西药及手术治疗喉白斑病的临床疗效.方法:将100 例喉白班病患者随机分为2 组,每组50 例.对照组采用鼻腔表面麻醉后进行手术,术后禁烟酒,给予患者超声雾化吸入,1 次/d,每次庆大霉素6 万单位,地塞米松5 mg.观察组在对照组治疗的基础上给予中药养阴逐瘀汤,1 剂/d,早、晚饭后服用.2 组均以1个月为1 个疗程,连续治疗2 个疗程.结果:观察组痊愈率为84.00%,总有效率为98.00%;对照组痊愈率为70.00%,总有效率为88.00%,2 组相比有统计学差异(P<0.05).2 组均未出现或发生不良反应及并发症.结论:养阴逐瘀汤联合西药及手术治疗喉白斑病临床疗效好,无不良反应.

  18. Influence of Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the respiratory function of COPD patients%清金逐瘀方离子导入对COPD患者呼吸功能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭义娟; 赵晓霞; 秦玉玲; 黄立强

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To observe the influence of Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the respiratory function of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).Methods:120 cases of COPD patients were selected from February 2011 to February 2013.According to random number table method,the patients were divided into the experimental group and the control group with 60 cases in each.The control group was given conventional western medicine treatment,and the experimental group was given Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the basis of conventional western medicine treatment.After treatment for two weeks, the lung function of patients were compared,such as forced expiratory vital capacity(FVC),forced expiratory volume in 1 second(FEV1),FEV1/predicted value(FEV1%),blood gas analysis index(arterial blood oxygen partial pressure PaO2,carbon dioxide pressure PaCO2).Results:After treatment for two weeks,the lung functions of two groups were all significantly improved.FVC,FEV1, FEV1% of the experimental group improved more significantly than those of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:On the basis of conventional western medicine treatment,adding Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis can significantly improve lung function in COPD patients,reduce inflammation,and obtain apparent curative effect.%目的:观察清金逐瘀方离子导入对慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)患者呼吸功能的影响。方法:2011年2月-2013年2月收治COPD患者120例,按随机数字表法分为试验组和对照组,每组60例。对照组给予常规西医治疗,试验组在常规西医治疗的基础上予以清金逐瘀方离子导入,治疗2周后对比两组肺功能,即用力呼气肺活量(FVC)、1 s用力呼气容积(FEV1)、FEV1/预计值(FEV1%),血气分析指标(动脉血氧分压 PaO2、二氧化碳分压 PaCO2)。结果:治疗2周后,两组患者肺功能均有显著改善,其中试验组 FVC、FEV1、FEV1%

  19. 朱熹与张栻的论学:性体情用心统与性体心用导向心之九义%On the Argument between ZHU Xi and ZHANG Shi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成中英

    2014-01-01

    我们讨论朱熹与张栻的论辩,固然需要对文本和历史作出深刻的了解,这是经典诠释的基本要素,但是单纯的经典诠释无法获得本体层面的根源性了解,因之我们尚需采取本体诠释学的方法,从根源上寻求体系的发展与成立。在这个意义上,朱子和胡五峰、张南轩的湖湘学派,是相互引申与相互攻错的关系,而不应将之看作谁是谁非的关系。更重要的是,在这种相互引申、相互攻错的关系之中,吾人可以就孟子以来的心性之学提出九项意义,亦即“心之九义”,显示“心”的意义多形多样。我为了彰显与体会其心与性情之际的多形多样而一体之义,乃回顾了四书、二程、胡五峰、张南轩、朱子的学说,在此提出“心”之九种含义之说。%The discussion of the argument between ZHU Xi and ZHANG Shi needs to be based on the basic element of interpretation of classics, namely, the keen insight of literature and history. But the simple interpretation of classics cannot lead to the thorough understanding from ontology level. Ontological hermeneutics should be applied instead so as to look into the establishment and development of the sys-tem. In this sense, the thoughts of ZHU Xi and those of Huxiang school, with HU Wu-feng and ZHANG Nan-xuan as its representatives, are actually overlapping and complementary so that neither can be de-fined as definitely right or wrong. More importantly, based on their complementary relationship, nine points of Mencius’ “Mind has nine meanings” can be concluded, manifesting various meanings of mind. With reviews of the Four books, theories of CHENGs, theories of HU Wu-feng, theories of ZHANG Nan-xuan, and theories of ZHU Xi, the author proposes the theory of “mind has nine meanings”.

  20. 长株潭地区土地利用景观格局动态变化分析%Analysis of dynamic changes of land use and landscape pattern in Chang-Zhu-Tan Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑瑜; 吴立潮; 罗以灿; 李燕; 吴云景

    2011-01-01

    With the help of ARCGIS and the spatial pattern analysis software FRAGSTATS of the raster version 3.3, the current landscape pattern and its problem of the Chang-ghu-Tan Cities were analyzed based on the landscape indices by using the land cover classification data in 1986, 1995 and 2002. Results showed that the landscape conversion types concentrated mainly in the paddy field, grassland, woodland, urban land, rural residential land and unused land from 1986 to 2002; the dramatic conversion of urban land and rural residential land in recent years,showed an accelerating pace of urbanization, and a rapidly expanding of construction land and rural residential land in Chang-Zhu-Tan Cities, to some extent; it also showed a rapid economic development. At the same time, the government should pay attention to enhancing the stability of landscape pattern in Chang-Zhu-Tan Cities, to promoting local economic, social and ecological sustainable development.%在ARCGIS软件和景观指数统计学软件FRAGSTATS 3.3的支持下,以1986年、1995年和2002年三个时期的土地利用覆盖数据为基础数据来源,以景观生态学的原理和方法为基础,利用景观格局指标分析了长株潭地区的景观格局现状和存在的问题.研究结果表明:1986年到2002年间景观格局主要集中在水田、草地、林地、城镇用地、农村居民用地和未利用地等景观类型之间相互转换.从城镇用地、和农村居民用地的显著转化可以看出,近年来,长株潭地区的城镇化速度不断加快,建设用地和农村居民用地面积不断扩张,说明长株潭地区经济发展较快,但同时要注意增强长株潭地区的景观稳定性和抗干扰性能,促进当地经济、社会和生态的可持续发展.

  1. Content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid by HPLC-ELSD%HPLC-ELSD法测定血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙琦; 仲崇琳; 杨美林

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To develop a method for the content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid.Methods:High performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light-scattering detector method was used.The chromatographic column was octadecylsilane chemically bonded silica as the filler,the moving phase was methanol-water(25:75),the flow velocity was 1ml one minute,the column temperature was 30℃.The drift tube temperature of evaporative light-scattering detector was 105℃,air or nitrogen was as the atomizing gas,its flow velocity was 3.0L one minute.Results:The incoming sample amount of amygdalin was 0.856~4.28 μ g,the natural logarithm of peak area and the natural logarithm of incoming sample amount had good linear relationship(r=0.9995),the average recovery was 99.06% ,RSD=1.39(n=6).Conclusion:This method is sensitive,accurate,can be used for the content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid.%目的:建立测定血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量的方法。方法:采用高效液相色谱-蒸发光散射检测器法。色谱柱为十八烷基硅烷键合硅胶为填充剂,流动相为甲醇-水(25:75),流速控制在1ml/分,柱温控制在30℃;蒸发光散射检测器的漂移管温度控制105℃,空气或氮气作为其中的雾化气体,其流速控制在3.0L/分。结果:苦杏仁苷的进样量0.856~4.28μg,其峰面积的自然对数与进样量的自然对数具有良好的线性关系(r=0.9995),平均回收率99.06%,RSD=1.39(n=6)。结论:该方法灵敏、准确,可用于血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量测定。

  2. 论装饰性在朱理存工笔人物画中的运用%View on the Application of Ornamental Character in the Realistic Figure Paintings of Zhu Li-cun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘冰侠

    2012-01-01

    在当代中国画坛上活跃着众多出色的女画家,朱理存就是其中之一。朱理存早年在美院时学的是写意画,她毕业后创作的一系列作品如《四不要》、《叔叔喝水》等都是写意画。后来,为了表现的需要她又画起工笔画。她的作品多以少女、儿童生活篇为题材,形象饱满,色调清雅。朱理存的作品是极具特色的,她的工笔人物画工中含写、写中有工,同时又体现着一种不失传统又有一定装饰味道的特征,充满人情味和浪漫的生活情趣。%Many outstanding women painters are active in the Contemporary Painting Community.Zhu Licun,as one of those women painters,majored in free-style paintings in her early years in Fine Arts Institute.After her graduation,she created a series of artistic works,like "Four Don'ts" "Uncle Drinks",which are all free-style paintings.Afterwards,she paints the realistic figure painting again in order to meet the needs of expression.Therefore,her paintings mainly take the lives of maids and children as themes,whose image is full and tone is refined.Zhu Licun's paintings have good features with good combination of features of realistic figure painting and free-style painting in a single one painting.At the same time,these paintings also exhibit the traditional and ornamental character which is full of human kindness and romantic life zest.

  3. Retraction: ‘rhBNP therapy can improve clinical outcomes and reduce in‐hospital mortality compared with dobutamine in heart failure patients: a meta‐analysis’ by Ming‐Yi Lv, Shu‐Ling Deng and Xiao‐Feng Long

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The above article, published online on 28th November 2015 in Wiley Online Library (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bcp.12788/full), and in volume 81, pp. 174–185, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Professor A Cohen, and John Wiley & Sons Limited. The retraction has been agreed owing to evidence indicating that the peer review of this paper was compromised. The authors were unaware of the actions of the third party responsible for compromising the peer review. Reference LvM‐Y , DengS‐L , LongX‐F . rhBNP therapy can improve clinical outcomes and reduce in‐hospital mortality compared with dobutamine in heart failure patients: a meta‐analysis. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2016; 81: 174–85. doi:10.1111/bcp.12788.26382927 PMID:27086732

  4. 在时代的旋律中寻找趣味——朱自清的小说批评浅析%Searching for Fun in the Melody of the Times -An Analysis of Zhu Ziqings Fiction Criticism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李萍

    2012-01-01

    As a writer and critic in modern literary history, Zhu Zi--qing's novel criticism focuses on a limitless pursuit of fun in novels, reflecting the times and concerning about the realistic lives, and pointing out the way for the development of novels. Its greatest contribution lies in the revelation of modernity in the novels, which is a breath of fresh air to the literary world of that time.%朱自清作为一个现代文学史上的作家批评家,他的小说批评注重对小说“趣味”的无限追求,表现时代、关注现实人生,为小说发展指明出路。其最大的贡献在于对小说“现代性”的揭示,为当时文坛注入了一股新鲜的血液。

  5. Study on Underwater Tunnel Tube Positioning and Posture Monitoring of GANG-ZHU-AO Bridge%港珠澳大桥隧道沉管安装定位及姿态监测技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彦昌; 黄永军

    2012-01-01

    This paper mainly introduce the key points on underwater tunnel tube positioning and posture monitoring of GANG-ZHU-AO Bridge, a combining method of above water-level positioning technology RTK GPS and under watet posture-monitoring technology and real-time measuring of the deflection of surveying tower. By coordinates transformation, we carry out the precise positioning and posture-monitoring of tunnel tubes, and develop the visual simulation software to guide the underwater jointing of tubes. The paper also briefly introduce the key steps and key process control and accuracy anylasis during installation and positioning.%重点介绍了针对港珠澳大桥海底沉管对接过程中水下精密定位及姿态监测技术方法,采用了水上RTK定位与水下姿态监测技术相结合,并实时监测测量塔挠度,通过三维坐标转换实现了高精度的对接定位及姿态监测,开发可视化仿真模拟软件,指导沉管水下对接.简要介绍了安装定位过程的实施步骤、关键工序和定位精度分析.

  6. An Only love Theorist of Self-salvation:Musical Literature Research Method Statement of ZHU Qianzhi%一个唯情论者的自赎--朱谦之音乐文学研究方法评介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建华

    2016-01-01

    朱谦之作为第一个大力倡导并研究音乐文学的学者,在中国学术史上具有重要意义。他及时吸取当时最新研究成果,并结合自己广博的知识素养,从音乐的角度切入,研究中国文学的产生、发展和流变,不但开风气之先,而且将其上升到方法论的层面,为中国音乐文学的研究提供了典范性的参考文本,也开拓出一个崭新的学科领域,其草创之功,值得铭记。%As the first advocate and study of musical literature scholars, Zhu Qianzhi is of great significance in the history of Chinese academic history. He learnt the latest research results in a timely manner and with his extensive knowledge accomplishment from the angle of music, the generation and development of Chinese literature and the rheology. It not only opens a head and rises to the level of methodology which provides a paradigm to the research of Chinese musical literature reference text, but also opens up a new field. The function of its infancy is worthy of remembering.

  7. Further Correction to Chu Ci Bu Zhu of Zhonghua Book Company Edition%中华书局重印本《楚辞补注》点校补正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵杰

    2015-01-01

    Chu Ci Bu Zhu has been reprinted multiple times since the Zhong Hua Book Company edition in 1983. Modifica-tions can be found in each edition ever since. Zhong Hua Book Company reprinted this book in 2009, which was identical to the 2002 edition. Although corrections have been made to the punctuations of the 2002 edition, there are still punctuations missing, mistaken, and inconsistent. Thus the author intends to make further corrections.%中华书局1983年版《楚辞补注》重印过多次,每次重印均有挖补修改。仅2009年中华书局重印此书,与2002年重印本无异。2002年后学界有数篇文章对2002年重印本的标点问题进行了一些改正,惜有未尽未确之处。其间漏标、误标、前后不一者多处,今就所见予以补正。

  8. Ecosystem service value analysis and trend prediction in Chang-Zhu-Tan region%长株潭地区生态系统服务价值分析及趋势预测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭荣中; 杨敏华

    2014-01-01

    Ecosystem service value is life support products and services directly or indirectly obtained by ecosystem structures, processes, and functions. Land use/land cover change plays a decisive role in the maintenance of the ecosystem services function by altering the structure and function of ecosystems. By the assessment of LUCC on the ecosystem service value, the combined effects of regional land-use changes on ecosystems can be quantitatively and comparatively studied, providing significant insights into practical applications. In the present study, the effects of land use change are detailed and discussed to obtain the values of ecosystem services in the Chang-Zhu-Tan region from 1996 to 2008. Land use change trend is predicted by using the method proposed by Costanza (ESV) wherein the values of ecosystem services are calculated with regard to the value coefficients of ecosystem services per unit area in the Chinese terrestrial ecosystem, as well as being combined with sensitivity analysis and Gray Model (1,1). The process of the research is as follows: 1) The regional ecosystem service value equivalence factor and the amendment of benchmark unit price are studied based on Costanza’s calculation method of ecosystem service value, as well as referring to the farmland ecosystem biomass factor table of our country’s different provinces established by Xie Gaodi, etc.;2) The studied regional ecosystem service values are assessed on the basis of the amended Chang-Zhu-Tan region ecosystem’s unit area ecological service value table and the corresponding area of every land-using type of the studied region;3) The spatial variability of ecosystem service value is analyzed for every county in the Chang-Zhu-Tan region;and 4) The area changes of each land use type in the studied region during 2011-2020 is predicted by use of the GM (1,1) model, and the total value of regional ecosystem services in that period is also evaluated. The conclusion from these studies is that, in

  9. 浅析朱光潜《诗论》中论诗歌音律的重要性%The importance of Zhu Guang-qian's tonality in the "poetry"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马睿婷

    2016-01-01

    朱光潜的这部《诗论》中,作者对诗的节奏、音律、韵律等因素极为重视,他将诗歌起源、诗的本质等问题用音乐性这一线索贯穿起来探讨,把音律节奏看作是组成诗歌思想情趣的天然特征且对其加以强调。本文从音律是诗歌的命脉、音律是区分诗与散文的重要标志以及音律的艺术功用这三方面简要的论述了音律节奏对于诗歌的重要性。%In Zhu Guang-qian's "poetry", the author attaches great importance to poetic rhythm, melody, he treats the rhythm of music as a natural composition of poetry ideological appeal. This paper discusses the importance of the rhythm of music from the three aspects: tonality is the lifeblood of poetry, is an important symbol to distinguish poetry and prose, artistic function of tonality.

  10. 权利时代的公民美德--评朱祥海博士的《利维坦法哲学》%A Review of Zhu Xianghai's The Leviathan of the Philosophy of Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊华

    2014-01-01

    The political state authority is based on citizens'political identity. Adhering to a solid national state concept and deep political belief is the key element to foster civic virtue. The Leviathan of the Philosophy of Law by Dr. Zhu Xianghai makes a thorough analysis of legality authority,cultural identity,political virtue and other core is-sues. The cultural and political conflicts in the age of globalization get national state idea still to serve as a support-ing point of cultivating citizens' political virtue,cultural identity and political obligation concept.%政治国家权威以公民的政治认同为基据,秉持稳固的民族国家观念和深厚的政治信仰是培育公民美德的关键要素。《利维坦法哲学》对合法性权威、文化认同和政治美德等核心问题进行了深刻梳理。全球化时代的文化矛盾与政治冲突,使得民族国家观念仍然是培养公民政治美德、文化认同和政治义务观念的支点。

  11. 朱元璋对台阁体形成的基础作用%Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang's Important Effect on Literature of Tai-ge Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何坤翁

    2011-01-01

    明代台阁体是威权政治的产物,由儒家叙事传统与皇帝威权结合而产生。明王朝缔造者朱元璋,以祖训和大诰的形式,为后世子孙垂宪立法,直接影响了明初文学的走向,在洪武时代就形成了台阁体的潜流。%In early Ming Dynasty,as a result of tyrant politics,the literature of Tai-ge Style was created by the Emperor's authority and narrative regulation of Confucianism.As the first emperor of Ming,Zhu Yuanzhang wrote the Imperial Mandate,Sermons From Forefather of Ming Dynasty,to tell his descendents how to control the country.His words and action was such a powerful effect on literature's growth that main features of Tai-ge Style even appeared in the time of Hongwu Emperor.

  12. "Old Deng Rules by Day, Little Deng Rules by Night”: music and memory in platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília Mello

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This article is dedicated to the intermedial relationship between cinema and pop music in mandarin in the film Platform (Zhantai, 2000 by Chinese director Jia Zhang-ke. One of the main names in contemporary world cinema, Jia is the most prominent director of the Sixth Generation of Chinese cinema, also known as the “urban generation” for their focus on life and landscape in China’s ever-changing cities. The many pop songs that punctuate the film, which traces a panorama of the transformations affecting China during the 1980s through the story of an itinerant group of artists, are on one level fragments of Jia’s individual and authorial memory, transformed into important pieces in his effort to reconstruct a collective memory through film. On another level, the impact of such songs in the 1980s and 1990s China is related to a great extent to their novelty, given that they were something which came from abroad (specially Hong Kong and Taiwan and which employed the first person singular pronoun “I”, until then practically absent from the ubiquitous revolutionary/propaganda songs in praise of communist ideals and Chairman Mao. Thus, the main hypothesis to be investigated refers to the use of pop songs in Platform as a complex authorial mark related to the emergence of the individual in the landscape of social and economic transformations in the People’s Republic of China from the 1980s onwards. 

  13. 朱谦之先生的中国哲学史史料学研究%An Exploration of Mr. Zhu Qianzhi' s Science of Historical Data in The History of Chinese Philosophy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹树明

    2012-01-01

    朱谦之先生是中国哲学史史料学学科的真正开创者,这表现在他在中国历史上第一个完成《中国哲学史史料学》专著并从6个方面做出一定贡献:通过将重点著作作为选题的方式设计篇章体例;采取层层递进的方法,首次界定"中国哲学史史料学";运用三重证据法诠释殷商哲学史料;划分三个阶段展示易学哲学史料的演变历程;使用三派分析法分疏老庄哲学史料;以"去粗取精"为主要原则整理近代思想史料。概括而言,其中国哲学史史料学研究有学科观念鲜明、学术立场坚定和方法论意识强烈等特点,但也存在篇章体例设计欠规范化、科学化和对史料学方法的理论阐释不够集中、不够充分、不够系统等不足之处。%As the real founder of the science of historical data of Chinese hilosophy history, Mr. Zhu Qianzhi completed The Science of Historical Data of Chinese Philosophy History as the first such dissertation in Chinese his- tory. He contributed considerably to the science of historical data of Chinese philosophy history mainly in six ways. First of all, style rules and layout were to be designed by cal data of Chinese philosophy history was to be defined taking the key works as topics. Next, a science of histori- through steady development. Still next, historical data a- bout philosophy in the Yin and the Shang Dynasty were to be interpreted by triple-evidence approach. Even next, the course of evolution of study of change was to be described by dividing it into three periods. Then, historical da- ta of Zhuangzi' s philosophy were to be carded by three-school analysis. Finally, historical data of modern thoughts were to be arranged by "rejecting the dross and assimilating the essential". Generally, Zhu' s studies in historical data of Chinese philosophy history were of clear academic concept, firm academic stand and self-conscious method- ology.

  14. Research on Leisure Sports Resource Allocation of Xiangjiang Scenery Belt in Chang-Zhu-Tan Area%长株潭湘江风光带休闲体育资源配置的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄艳红

    2014-01-01

    The Xiangjiang scenery belt,which is possessed with the facilities of the sporting area include ball courts,fitness facilities,bicycles and sand beach,is an important place of citizens who live in the city group of Chang-Zhu-Tan area for playing sports and recreation.The major motives of citizens’participating in sports are improving their health,amusing and entertaining,losing weight and adjusting their moods.The major factors that affect their activities are spots field utensils,weather and time.The major forms for the citizens to participate in sports are exercising with friends,classmates and colleagues,exercising with family members,or exercising by joining organizations or exercising alone.The items of exercising include long-running or walking,all kinds of sports balls,all kinds of dances,exercising with categories of fitness equipment and roller skating.However, some problems still exist,such as lacking of sporting facilities,unreasonable construction structures,lower utiliza-tion rate and insufficient exploitation of the sport area.Naturally,actions need to be done to reuse,exploit and in-tegrate the resources of leisure sports,so as to accelerate the construction of sports facilities of the Xiangjiang scenery belt and allocate the sports resources more reasonably and promote the sustainable development of leisure sports in Chang-Zhu-Tan area.%湘江风光带是长株潭城市群市民体育休闲的重要场所,分布有球场、健身设备、自行车、沙滩浴场等体育场地和设施;市民参加休闲体育锻炼的动机主要在于增进健康、娱乐消遣、减肥美体、调节心情等;影响长株潭湘江风光市民参与休闲体育锻炼的因素主要有场地器材、天气、时间等;其形式主要与朋友同学同事、家人,或团体组织、独自一人参加锻炼;体育锻炼的项目包括长跑(走)、球类、舞蹈、健身器械、轮滑等。尚存在场地设施不足、建设结构不合理、利

  15. 谷竹高速青峰滑坡成因分析及治理措施%Cause Analysis of Qingfeng Landslide and Its Treatment Measures of Gu-Zhu Highway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘军; 钱盈

    2014-01-01

    以谷竹高速公路青峰滑坡为例,采用反演系数法和传递系数法计算了该滑坡的稳定性。结果表明:复杂的地形、工程地质条件、松散破碎的易滑地层、不利的软弱结构面等是滑坡形成的内因;引水隧道中水对边坡长期的渗流和对岩土体的软化作用是滑坡形成的外因。根据计算结果,采用削坡减载、抗滑挡墙、立体截排水和路基反压处理,取得了良好的效果。%Taking the landslide at the exit of Qingfeng along Gu-Zhu Highway as an example,inver-sion coefficient and transfer coefficient method was used to calculate the slope stability of the land-slide.The results show that the complex terrain,geological conditions,loose and broken easily slide formation and disadvantage of weak structural plane is the internal cause of landslide formation;Wa-ter in the water diversion tunnel on the slope seepage and long-term effect on softening of rock and soil mass is landslide formation of the external cause.According to the calculation results,the cutting slope and reducing load,anti-sliding retaining wall,and three-dimensional cutting back pressure drainage and roadbed treatment are adopted for comprehensive treatment,getting good effect.

  16. Journal of Neijiang Normal University%On ZHANG Zhu-po’s Standards of Comment on Characters in Chin Ping Mei:A Case Study of WU Yue-niang and MENG Yu-lou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭磊

    2016-01-01

    In ZHANG Zhu-po’s comments on ChinPing Mei,we can find great difference of commenting between WU Yue-niang and MENG Yu-lou.He took WU as a “wicked good person”and poured blames on her;in contrast,he called MENG a “real good person”and believed that she was the proj ection of the writer herself in the novel.This is because that the commentator merged the feeling of his life and the standards of comment on characters in pursuing certain values into his com-ment.These include three aspects:moral standards of wealth and sex,traditional words and deeds of rite and virtue,positio-ning of literati’s self-regarding images and second wives.%张竹坡批评《金瓶梅》中,对吴月娘和孟玉楼的评价有着较大差异:视吴月娘为“奸险好人”,大加贬斥;称孟玉楼为“真正好人”,认为她是作者本人在小说中的投射。原因在于评点者融入自己身世之感与价值追求所建立的人物品评标准。这主要包括三个方面:财与色的道德尺度、礼与贤的传统言行、继室与文人自喻的形象定位。

  17. On the Annotation of Historical Event in Ji Zhu Fen Lei Dong Po Shi%论《集注分类东坡诗》的历史阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何泽棠

    2012-01-01

    The authors ofJi Zhu Fen Lei Dong Po Shi often demonstrated the meanings of certain poems by histori- cal events. They quoted plenty of authentic data, bring forth the politics backdrop of poems, opened out the causa- tion of Su Shi' s poems, so that they made clear the whole meaning of the poems. Incidentally, they explained the meaning of some pivotal sentences, in which, there were many composing methods, just like depiction, literary quotations and comparison.%《王状元集百家注分类东坡先生诗》中注者众多,且距离苏轼生活的年代较近。这些注者根据苏诗与当代史实密切相关的特点,运用孟子提出的"以意逆志"与"知人论世"相结合的诗歌阐释方法,考证与苏诗相关的大小事件,展现诗歌创作的背景,揭示引发诗歌创作的事因,从而解释全篇之意。对使用"赋"体、"比兴"体、典故等不同表现方法的诗句,都能以"本事"为根据,准确地解释其意义,对后来的苏诗注有重要的启发。

  18. 参苓白术散加味治疗肺癌骨转移的临床研究%Clinical Study on Analgesic Effect of Shen-ling-bai-zhu Powder on Pain in Bone Metastasis of Lung Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丰哲; 练克俭; 林宗汉; 李书振; 陈涛; 程琦

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察参苓白术散加味治疗肺癌骨转移的疗效。方法:将128例本病患者随机分为治疗组和对照组各64例。治疗组采用参苓白术散加味治疗,对照组采用帕米膦酸二钠、塞来西布结合支持疗法治疗。观察比较两组患者镇痛效果、生存质量、生存期。结果:治疗组脱落5例,对照组脱落8例;综合疗效总有效率治疗组为66.1%,对照组为44.6%,治疗组优于对照组(P<0.05);止痛效果总有效率治疗组为71.2%,对照组为42.9%,治疗组优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);生活质量的改善对照组提高率为28.6%,治疗组提高率为59.3%,治疗组优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);两组治疗前后体重变化、两组生存期比较,差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);治疗组治疗后白细胞计数优于对照组(P<0.05);并能显著改善恶心呕吐、便秘(P<0.01)。结论:参苓白术散加味能较好地缓解肺癌骨转移疼痛,提高生存质量,而且未见明显毒副作用。%Objective: To observe the analgesic effect on pain by Shen-ling-bai-zhu powder in bone metastasis of lung cancer. Methods: 128 patients were randomly divided into treatment and control groups, 64 cases in each group. Patients were treated with Shen-ling-bai-zhu powder, and pamidronate disodium and celecoxib, combined with support therapy in control group. The analgesic effect, quality of life, survival rate was observed. Results: The displacement was 5 and 8 cases respec-tively in treatment and control group; The total comprehensive effective rate was 66.1% and 44.6% respectively in treatment and control group, the effect of treatment group was significantly better than the control group (P<0.05); The comprehensive ef-fective rate of analgesic was 71.2% and 42.9% respectively in treatment and control group, the effect of treatment group was significantly better than the

  19. 坚持中国特色社会主义道路的宣言书——纪念邓小平南方谈话20周年%A Manifesto of Adhering to Socialist Road with Chinese Characteristics-- In Commemoration of the 20th Anniversary of Deng Xiaoping's Southem Talk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邸乘光

    2012-01-01

    邓小平南方谈话科学地总结了中国共产党十一届三中全会以来的基本实践和基本经验,提出了一系列新的思想和观点,包括“社会主义的本质”的新概括、“改革也是解放生产力”的新观点、“三个是否有利于”的新论断、“计划和市场都是经济手段”的新思想、“基本路线动摇不得”的新告诫等,既是邓小平理论进一步发展完善和形成科学体系的重要标志,也为中国的改革开放和社会主义现代化建设进一步指明了方向,是坚持中国特色社会主义道路的宣言书。%Deng Xiaoping's southern talk is the scientific summary of the basic practice and experience from The Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CPC and puts forward a series of new ideas and viewpoints including a new summary of the essence of socialism, a new viewpoint that reform is also liberating the productive forces, a new conclusion of three favorables, a new idea that plan and market are economic shift and a new caution that the basic line mustn't be shaken, etc. These new ideas and viewpoints are not only an important symbol of further development and improvement forming into a scientific system of Deng Xiaoping theory, but a manifesto of adhering to the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At the same time, it pointed out the direction of China's reform and opening-up and socialist modernization construction

  20. 从经典选择到不同思路之辩——简论朱子理气观的形成%A Defense for Classic Selection and Different Thinkings——A Concise Discussion on the Formation of Zhu Xi's Theory of Qi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁为祥

    2012-01-01

    理气关系是朱子哲学的核心,也是宋明理学的核心论题。但朱子理气观的形成却是一个颇为复杂的过程,也几乎伴随了朱子的一生。大体说来,这一过程是从受教于李延平起始的,而以对《中庸》与《大学》之不同经典的选择展开的;至于从"中和"旧说到"中和"新说,则表明朱子宇宙论视野的初步形成;到了与张栻的"仁说"之辩,则既标志着其思想谱系的奠基,同时也代表着其理气双重视角的定型。%The relationship between ration and Qi is the core of Zhu Xi's philosophy and also the key subject of Neo-Confucianism in the Song and the Ming Dynasty.However,Zhu Xi experienced a rather complicated process to form his theory of ration and Qi,which cost nearly the whole of his life.Roughly speaking,this process started from Li Yanping's instructions he received,and went on by selecting from different classics of The Great Learning and The Golden Mean of the Confucian School.The transition from the old vision to the new vision of "neutralization" indicated the preliminary formation of Zhu's vision of cosmology.His debate with Zhang Shi on "the theory of benevolence" signaled both a foundation laid for the system of his theory and the finalization of his double perspective of ration and Qi.

  1. 由朱自清的浙江徬徨岁月管窥新文化青年的道路选择%An Inquiry into the Path Choice of the New Culture Youth with Zhu Ziqing's Case in Zhejiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈博凯

    2015-01-01

    The "wandering"experience of Zhu Ziqing in Zhejiang during 1920-1925 could be viewed as an integrated process, in which Zhu, as a contemporary of the "May Fourth Generation," loaded with the symbolic capital of the Movement, moved and blended into Chinese grass-roots community, and finally made a revert to central metropolis. Approached from the perspective of"path choice" and "combat in mind," Zhu's commonness and uniqueness among the New Culture group are illustrated in five aspects: position and stance, expression (genre), individual positioning in the time dimension, the choice of activity space, the attitudes towards"Beruf"and occupations.%朱自清1920—1925年于浙江八城八校的“徬徨”岁月能被看作从新文化中心城市承载了运动的“象征资本”的“五四一代”向中国基层社会移动、接触继而复归的难得完整过程。以“道路选择”和“意识斗争”为视角,从立场及姿态、表述(文体)、时间轴上的个体定位、空间/地方选择、“志业”及职业态度五方面观照朱自清的经历,可以见出其既叠印着新文化的时代波涛,又生成其独特性。

  2. From the Tragedy Philosophy to the liberated Image--Zhu Guangqian's experience type integration on Nietzsche's aesthetic%从悲剧哲学到形象解救——朱光潜对尼采美学“体验式”整合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴萱

    2012-01-01

    Nietzsche's Tragedy Philosophy is an important part of the western modern philosophy. Zhu Guangqian quotes and borrows from Nietzsche's theory such as Apollonian and Serenity, meanwhile, gives them bidirectional explanation and integration with Chinese classical poetics. Based on this context, Zhu Guangqian constructs his knowledge system of Aesthetic Art successfully, that is transforming Schopenhauer, Nietzsche's tragedy philosophy to the Aesthetic experience of Chinese language style, by art criti-cism of liberating image and interest image understanding of reality. Zhu Guangqian's Aesthetic Ideology and Aesthetic Methodology still have important implications in modern Literary Aesthetics and the construction of Comparative Poetics.%尼采的悲剧哲学是西方现代哲学的重要组成部分。朱光潜引用并借鉴了尼采理论的“日神”、“静穆”等思想,并与中国古典诗学进行双向阐释与整合。以此脉络,朱光潜成功建构了他的美学艺术学知识体系:以形象解救和情趣意象通达现实的艺术评判,将叔本华、尼采的悲剧哲学转化为中国话语言说方式的审美体验。朱光潜的美学思想和美学方法论在当代的文艺美学和比较诗学建设中,仍然具有较高的启示意义。

  3. 传统艺术精神的阐释者:邓以蛰艺术美学思想的现代构架%Interpretation of the traditional artistic spirit:On the modern architecture of Deng Yizhe'art aesthetic thoughts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟

    2011-01-01

    Based on the traditional Chinese artistic theories,Deng Yizhe assimilated the Western aesthetic and artistic theories,built the aesthetic autonomy as a starting point,constructed a highly distinctive calligraphy and painting aesthetic system,and gave the new interpretation about the theories of Chinese drama,thus contributing to the pioneering attempts to carry the modern conversion of the Chinese traditional artistic spirit.%在中国传统艺术理论的基础上,邓以蛰汲取西方美学思想和艺术理论,以审美自主主义为出发点,建构了极具特色的书画美学体系,并对中国的戏剧理论作出了新的阐释,从而为中国传统艺术精神的现代转换作出了富有开创性的尝试。

  4. QTL Information Table: 675 [Q-TARO

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 97 Minghui 63 B RM215 RZ404 pha Yang, G., Xing, Y., Li, S., Ding, J., Yue, B., Deng, K., Li, Y., and Zhu, Y. (2006). Molecular disse...ction of developmental behavior of tiller number and plant height and their relationship in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Hereditas 143, 236-245. ...

  5. The application of HEC-RAS software in Zhu River dike failure flood simulation%HEC-RAS软件在珠江三角洲河道溃堤洪水模拟中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方泽建

    2014-01-01

    The River Delta one-dimensional unsteady flow model is constructed by using HEC-RAS software , and the model with Lateral Structure Breach is used to simulate Luogewei levee break process in Foshan City , around Huyong parking lot.The model simulation can get the discharge process of breach ,the water level of the river and the water level with different breach width and the repair time.The results show that the breach width is an important factor to influence the design water level.When the breach width reaches a certain value ,the design water level will tend to be stable.The levee break model based on HEC-RAS can simulate the levee break process combining with the local emergency flood fighting ,and it can provide a reliable technical sup-port for the design of parking lot located in the Zhu River Delta dike.%运用HEC-RAS软件构建珠江三角洲一维河网非稳定流水动力模型,利用该模型与侧向水工结构溃坝模块(Lateral Structure Breach),进行湖涌停车场所在佛山市罗格围的溃堤模拟计算。得到不同溃口宽度、溃口修复时间等条件下溃口处的流量过程、外江水位过程、围内水位过程。实例结果表明,溃口宽度是影响围内设计水位的重要因素,当溃口宽度达某一值时,围内设计水位将趋于稳定。基于HEC-RAS的溃堤模型可与当地防汛抢险相结合进行溃堤影响分析,可为珠江三角洲堤围内停车场设计提供可靠的技术支持,供借鉴。

  6. On Zhu Dongrun' s Theory of Biographical Literature and its Characteristic Complexity%论朱东润传记文学理论的独特性与复杂性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辜也平

    2012-01-01

    Zhu Dongrun' s theory of biographical literature is constructed from the existent practices and theories of both ancient China and the West. The central concepts of Zhu' s theory include the renaming of the prevailing biographical literature into biographical narrative literature, the emphasis of the dual attributes of historical and literary of biographical literature while defining the connotation of biographical narrative. The claim of "the turn from events to people" has freed the biographical literature from its dependency on history, but the overemphasis of historical reliability may result in the negligence of literariness. The claim to characterize and reveal from life from the private sphere is subject to the influence from grand narrative. The paper thus demonstrates the characteristic complexity in Zhu' s theory of biographical literature.%朱东润的传记文学理论是建立在对中外传记理论的吸收、借鉴的基础上的。其相对完备的理论体系包括:把已经流行的传记文学改称传叙文学,体现了某种理论的自觉;强调传记文学的史学、文学双重属性,但对传记文学外延的界定比较严格;对“从事到人”的强调表明其将传记文学从历史的附庸地位中解放出来的努力,但对历史真实的过度关注导致了对艺术真实的忽视;强调从人格立论,强调私生活的描写,但又无法摆脱宏大叙事观念的影响。因此,朱东润的传记文学理论有其独特性,但也有其复杂性和矛盾性。

  7. The Famous Conductor,VuZhu Dokyi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    VUzhu Dokyi,now the head of the Tibetan Song and Dance Ensemble is a second-grade conductor of the state,a member of Chinese Musicians’Association,the vice-president of Tibetan Musicians’Association and a council member of the Chinese Chorus Artists’Association.In 1960 he was admitted to the Tianjin Conservatory of Music and followed Qiu Jianhua,the famous music educator,to learn violin.After graduation,he was first violin in the Tibetan Song and Dance Ensemble Orchestra.

  8. 《朱子语类》软硬反义概念词语类聚考%A Textual Research on Antithetical Words Denoting “Softness”and “Hardness”in Zhu Zi Yu-lei (朱子语类)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐时仪

    2016-01-01

    The system of vocabulary is composed of individual words which are clustered together on the basis of meaning relationships. A lexical cluster denoting the same meaning is equivalent to a lexical field. There are many words and expressions found in Zhu Zi Yu-lei (朱子语类) , literally Classified conversations of Master Zhu, deno-ting the concepts of softness and hardness respectively. This paper presents an investigation into the network of lexi-cal clustering under which antithetical words denoting softness and hardness are subsumed.%词汇系统由一个个概念词语类聚互相关联构成,同一概念的词语类聚相当于一个词汇场。《朱子语类》中表达软硬概念的有“柔、软、坚、硬、刚、顽”等词,形成以这些词及其组合的词语为核心而聚合其他词汇成分的软硬概念词语聚合网络。

  9. 朱虹译作中女性主义意识分析——以《女人的“一样”和“不一样”》为例%Feminist Consciousness in Zhu Hong's Translation of "Are Women as Good as Men"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周慧婕

    2012-01-01

    女性主义翻译观认为翻译就是女性译者寻求彰显其女性主体,创建政治话语生存空间的重要途径。文章借鉴女性主义翻译观分析朱虹译作《女人的"一样"和"不一样"》中的女性主义意识因素,进而指出:朱虹运用女性主义翻译策略凸现女性意识,从理论到实践贯彻了她的女性主义主张,为我国翻译实践提供了一种经典的实践方式。%Feminism translation believes that translation is an important means for female translators to convey their subjectivity and build up a space for their political discourse.From the perspective of feminist translation theory,the paper analyzes the factors of feminist consciousness in Zhu Hong's translation of "Are Women as Good as Men",arguing that Zhu successfully used the feminist translation strategies to highlight the feminist consciousness and implement her feminist claim both in her practice and theory,which has provided a classic example for translation.

  10. 朱载堉才是“需求层次理论”的鼻祖--且更独特,更显棋高一着%It States that It was the Chinese Scientist Zhu Zai Yu in Ming Dynasty that Firstly PutForward the Hierarchy Theory of Needs---Which was Superior and More Unique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    习小林

    2014-01-01

    Academics in the past consider the American psychologist Abraham Maslow as the founder of the hierarchy theory of needs. However,the latest study results from the author have overthrown such kind of biases.It states that it was the chinese scientist Zhu Zai Yu in Ming dynasty that firstly put forward the hierarchy theory of needs which was about 360 years as earlier as Maslow.Also ,the knowledgement from Zhu Zai Yu is suoerior and more unique than that from Maslow.%以往学术界都把美国心理学家马斯洛奉为需求层次理论的鼻祖;但最新的研究成果,彻底推翻了这一陈见,认为中国明朝的科学家朱载堉才是需求层次理论的鼻祖,比美国人马斯洛还要早约三百六十多年,且朱载堉对需求层次的认知,要比马斯洛更独特,更显棋高一着。

  11. Deng Yingchao’ s Contribution to the Theory and Practice of Chinese Women Movement---A Case Study on Rural Women’ s Struggle for Land and Marital Autonomy in Liberated Regions%邓颖超对中国妇女运动理论与实践的贡献--以苏区和解放区争取农村妇女土地权和婚姻自主权为中心的考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜芳琴

    2015-01-01

    邓颖超始终关注农村妇女运动,并身体力行推动农村妇女翻身解放,落实婚姻自由权和土地财产权。邓颖超的农村妇女运动思想、策略、方法既与政党的纲领、方针、路线保持一致性,又有自己的主体能动性。邓颖超作为中国妇女运动的领袖在多个领域做出了贡献,尤其是她对农村妇女婚姻和土地权利始终如一的关注、推动、落实,是她留给中国妇女运动的宝贵的精神遗产,今天尤其值得我们继承和发扬。%Deng Yingchao was always concerned about the rural women ’ s movement and took great efforts to liberate rural women , free them from arranged marriage and seek their right for land property .Her policies and methods complied with the general and specific policies of the Party , but also showed original creations of her own .She was flexible in practice while adhering to the equality between men and women .Deng Yingchao had contributed greatly in various social areas , but her consistent care , pushing and implement of rural women ’ s right for land and marriage is valuable heritage and worthy to be passed on .

  12. Interpreting Tang Ci and Song Ci from a Cultural Perspective:Reading the New Work of Professor Deng Qiaobin the Developing History of Tang Ci and Song Ci%在文化视野中诠释唐宋词——读邓乔彬新作《唐宋词艺术发展史》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李剑亮; 李寒晴

    2011-01-01

    The Developing History of Tang Ci and Song Ci is a new work of professor Deng Qiaobin, and it is also a new work of the latest Song Ci study. The book makes the theory of the development and conversion of culture as its clue. It reviews the main changing of the thought, content, art form, creation style and poets genre. This book is an original creation; and it has a very distinct science trait. The author described and judged the developing history of Tang Ci and Song Ci by the theory of culture transition, which makes the reader both understand the development of Tang Ci and Song Ci and the cultural background of the forming of the artistc traits.%邓乔彬的《唐宋词艺术发展史》是其近年来词史研究的一部新作。全书以文化的发展与转换理论为枢纽,考察唐宋词的思想内容、艺术形式、创作风格以及词人流派的主要变化。具有鲜明的学术个性和独创性,具体表现在,运用文化转换理论,描述与评价唐宋词的发展历程,使读者在系统了解唐宋词艺术发展的同时,也能了解这些艺术特点形成的文化背景。

  13. 朱熹《仪礼经传通解》对《礼记》经、传的界定%Distinction of the Jing and Zhuan of Li Ji in Zhu Xi’s General Commentary of Jing and Zhuan of Yi Li

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶纯芳

    2014-01-01

    In the title “General Commentary of Jing and Zhuan of Yi Li” “Jing” refers to Yi Li and“Zhuan” refers to the classical texts Li Ji Zhou Li etc.On this premise Zhu Xi attaches the texts in Li Ji such as Guan Yi to the texts in Yi Li such as Guan Li.But much of Yi Li was lost with most of the remaining parts being Shi Li it is not often the case that the two books can be joined neatly while Zhu Xi’s blueprint of the book of Li covers not only Shi Li but also the rituals in family Xiang Xue country and kingdom.The lacking of texts in Yi Li forces Zhu Xi to seek in other texts among which Li Ji is used and split most.How does Zhu Xi place Li Ji in his General Commentary? What is the criteria to distinct Jing and Zhuan of Li Ji? While current researches focuses on how Zhu Xi treats Yi Li how Zhu Xi treats Li Ji in his General Commentary is also crucial.In this article we compares the texts from Li Jiin the General Commentary with the original texts and finds out that Zhu Xi ignoring Li Ji being a classic did heavy rearrangement to Li Ji and in view of practical Li Xue basing on the classics created theoretical basis of a new system of rituals.%《仪礼经传通解》中,“经”指的是《仪礼》,“传”指的是《礼记》《周礼》等其他经书。在此前提下,朱熹将《仪礼》的〈冠礼〉等篇,分别以《礼记》的〈冠义〉各篇作为主从关系配附。但《仪礼》佚失颇多,所存多为士礼,能将二礼整整齐齐相配合的情况有限。然朱熹心目中的礼书蓝图,不仅仅着眼于士礼,而是涵盖家、乡、学、邦国、王朝各个层面的礼仪。《仪礼》经文的不敷使用,迫使朱熹不得不转向寻求其他各经的内容以弥补《仪礼》经文的不足。其中,以《礼记》使用最多、拆分最散。朱熹在《通解》中如何定位《礼记》一经?界定《礼记》经、传的标准是什么?当研究焦点都放在朱熹如何整理《仪

  14. Resistance to Qian soup ZhuSheKa interface sp6 joint foot acupoint treatment of chronic urticaria nucleic acid bacteria polysaccharide 30 cases curative effects%抗荨湯联合足三里穴位注射卡介菌多糖核酸治疗慢性荨麻疹30例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡建农

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To observe Qian soup (bachelor since resistance points to ZhuSheKa sp6 joint foot fungus polysaccharide nucleic acid injection interface. Brand name: ji Sue, zhejiang million horses pharmaceutcal Co. Production. The curative effect of treating chronic urticaria. Methods Selected 60 cases were randomly divided into two groups: treatment group of 30 cases Qian soup to fight ZhuSheKa interface sp6 joint foot fungus polysaccharide acupuncture treatment of nucleic acid injection, four weeks. 30 cases in oral chlorobenzene that sensitivity to 4mg, three times/d, cimetidine 0. 2 g, 2 times a/d; Two groups of course are for 1 month, 2 months after the completion of course judge curative effect, and were followed up for half a year. Results The treatment group and control group 70% , 90% efficiency was statistically significant difference (P<0. OS ) -Conclusion Qian resistance points ZhuSheKa sp6 joint foot soup of nucleic acid injection dielectric bacteria polysaccharide treatment of chronic nettle has good curative effect, and clinical application.%目的:观察抗荨汤联合足三里穴位注射卡介菌多糖核酸注射液治疗慢性荨麻疹的疗效.方法:将入选的60例患者随机分为两组,各30例,治疗组予抗荨汤联合足三里穴位注射卡介菌多糖核酸注射液治疗,隔日1次;对照组予口服氯苯那敏4mg,3次/d,西咪替丁0.2g,2次/d;两组疗程均为1个月,疗程结束后2个月时判定疗效,并随访半年.结果:治疗组有效率90%,对照组70%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:抗荨汤联合足三里穴位注射卡介菌多糖核酸注射液治疗慢性荨麻疗效好,值得临床选用.

  15. 基于能值分析的长株潭城市群生态经济系统演变态势分析%Evolutionary Tendency of Ecological-economic System in Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster Based on Emergy Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楚芳芳; 蒋涤非

    2012-01-01

    With emergy method we studied the emergy flow, a variety of emergy indices of the social economic natural subsystem and the change trend of sustainable development index in Chang-Zhu-Tan city cluster ecological-economic system from 2000 to 2009. The result showed: Chang-Zhu-Tan city cluster ecological-economic system was middledeveloping level, relied mainly on local resources, increasing the external input emergy, the growing strength of economic development, the rapid increase of industrialization and information level, but a downward trend of emergy production and use in efficiency, adding up to environmental loading rate, presenting an unsustainable trend. According to the results Chang-Zhu-Tan city. cluster eco-economic system development strategies were put forword to transform economic development, improve harmony between economic social development and the natural environment, promote the "trinity" of structural stability, functional efficiency and sustainable development,to enter the benign and healthy development track.%采用能值理论与分析方法,研究2000-2009年长株潭城市群生态经济系统的能值流量,社会经济自然子系统各能值指标和可持续发展指数的变化趋势。结果表明:长株潭城市群生态经济系统正处于中级发展水平,经济发展主要依赖本地资源,外界输入能值逐渐增加,经济开发强度不断扩大,工业化和信息化水平飞速提高,但能源生产和利用的效率呈现下降的趋势,环境负荷率不断增大,系统呈现不可持续的发展趋势。根据此结果提出了长株潭城市群生态经济系统的发展对策,以便转变经济发展方式,提高经济社会发展与自然生态环境的和谐程度,促进结构的稳定性,功能的高效性及发展的持续性的“三位一体”,使其进入良性健康的发展轨道。

  16. 朱氏头皮针留针配合肢体训练对急性脑梗死后痉挛性瘫痪神经功能缺损的影响%Effect on the Neurological Deficits of Spastic Hemiplegia after Acute Cerebral Infarction Exerted by the Practice of Zhu Scalp Acupuncture (needle retention required) Coordinated with Limbs Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王京军; 金章安; 梁頔; 崔译心

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To observe the effect of the neurological deficits of spastic hemiplegia after acute cerebral infarction treated by the practice of Zhu scalp acupuncture (needle retention required) coordinated with limbs training. Methods: 72 patients were randomly divided into the trial group and the control group. Each group was administered basic treatment for the sake of stable blood pressure and the protection of cerebral cells. Meanwhile, the 2 groups were provided with intravenous injection of Shuxietong Injection,6 ml every time,once a day. Moreover, the trial group was given additional Zhu scalp acupunctural treatment once a day together with limbs training over 4 courses of treatment (5 days for each course,2 days interval). Results: It was revealed that the trial group demonstrated greater effectiveness in relieving muscle tension and stimulating the recovery of neurological deficits. Conclusion: The practice of Zhu scalp acupuncture (needle retention required ), coordinated with limbs training, at the early stage of spastic hemiplegia after acute cerebral infarction, improves hypermyotonia and the recovery of neurological deficits, as well as reduces the incidence of spastic hemiplegia.%目的 观察应用朱氏头皮针留针配合肢体训练对急性脑梗死后痉挛性瘫痪神经功能缺损的影响.方法 将72例患者随机分为治疗组和对照组,两组均给予稳定血压、脑细胞保护剂等基础治疗,并同时给予疏血通注射液6 mL静脉点滴,治疗组加用朱氏头皮针疗法和肢体功能训练,每日1次,疗程5d,间隔2d,继续第2疗程,共治疗4个疗程.结果 研究结果显示治疗组肌张力减轻和神经功能缺损恢复疗效均优于对照组.结论 急性脑梗死后痉挛性瘫痪早期进行朱氏头皮针留针配合肢体训练治疗可以缓解肌张力增高,促进神经功能缺损恢复,降低痉挛性瘫痪发生率.

  17. From Aesthetic Intuition to Aesthetic Distance---Zhu Guangqian ’ s the generation and variation of western aesthetics theory%从审美直觉到审美距离--朱光潜审美经验论的逻辑框架

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴萱; 唐艺嘉

    2013-01-01

    朱光潜正是努力通过自身对中国古典诗论的理解,不仅将克罗齐的“直觉”从一种思辨式的哲学思考引申成为心理学上的美感体验,更是同时化用布洛的“距离说”和立普斯等人的“内模仿论”“移情说”,从美的凝神静观与自由“出入”出发,建构了“中国化”的现代美学。克罗齐的“直觉”被朱光潜改造成为凝神静观的艺术审美经验,布洛的“距离说”又构成了理论弥补的关键因子。从审美直觉到审美距离,构成了朱光潜审美经验论的逻辑框架与核心特质,其对中国古典文论的化用也给当代的异质性比较诗学注入了崭新的活力。%Through the understanding of Chinese classical poetry ,Zhu Guangqian not only extended Groce ’ s “gut feeling” from speculative philosophy thinking mode to the aesthetic psychological experience ,but at the same time constructed the modern Chinese aesthetics on the basis of Blow ’ s “Distance” and Lips ’ s “theory of imitation”,“empathy”.Groce’ s mind philosophy theory was transformed by Zhu Guangqian into a peaceful contemplation of aesthetic experience .Zhu Guangqian ’ s aesthetic empiricism included the aesthetic intuition and the aesthetic dis-tance,which was the core and the framework of his theory .It has injected new vitality to the application of Chinese classical literary theory and the heterogeneity of contemporary comparative poetics .

  18. 中药生精逐瘀汤联合手术治疗精索静脉曲张不育症患者的疗效观察%Clinical efficacy of Chinese traditional medicine Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang combined with operation in the treatment of patients with varicocele

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何思挺; 陈乐仲; 黄常青; 田小园; 陈球; 刘向崇

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical effect of Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang for treating infertile patients with varicocele after varicocelectomy. Methods Eighty patients with varicocele were randomly divided into two groups, the experimental group (n=40) and control group (n=40). Patients in the experimental group took Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang after the operation, while those in the control group underwent operation only. The semen quality, sex hormone in the peripheral blood (testosterone, luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone), and the pregnancy rate of their spouse were observed before operation, 3 and 6 months after operation. Results The semen quality, peripheral blood testosterone and the pregnancy rate of their spouse in the experimental group were significantly better than those in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang could enhance the quality of sperm and semen in infertile patients with varicocele after varicocelectomy, improve and regulate their reproductive hormone disturbance to increase the pregnancy rate of their spouses.%目的 观察中药生精逐淤汤对精索静脉曲张不育患者手术后治疗的临床疗效.方法 将精索静脉曲张不育症患者80例随机分为实验组和对照组,各40例,实验组手术后予结合生精逐瘀汤治疗,对照组予单纯手术治疗.观察两组患者术前、术后3个月、6个月精液质量、外周血性激素(睾酮、黄体生成素和卵泡刺激素)以及配偶受孕率的情况.结果 实验组精液各参数、外周血T及术后配偶自然怀孕率均有明显提高,优于对照组(P<0.05).结论 生精逐淤汤对精索静脉曲张不育术后患者有提高精液质量、改善和调节生殖内分泌激素失调、增加配偶受孕率的作用.

  19. Supplement and Correction of Qian Mu's Fragment Memories of Teachers and Friends --A Textual Research of Life Story of Zhu Huaitian%对钱穆《师友杂忆》一则重要记述的补正——兼及朱怀天生平事迹考辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅宏星

    2012-01-01

    Mr. Qian Mu is one of important masters of Chinese learning. During his later years, he settled down on solitary island Taiwan where he wrote a memoirs named Fragment Memories of Teachers and Friends in his senior age. Owing to fading memory and without enough references, memory errors are inevitable. However, The flaws do not detract from the jade's essential beauty, and it is still an important historical record Chinese academic develop- ment with independent research value of in the 20th century. Through comparing Posthumous Manuscript of Songjiang Mr. Zhu Huaitian and Fragment Memories of Teachers and Friends, as well as complementing each other, this paper gradually distinguishes the life story of Mr. Zhu Huaitian, discarding the false and retaining the true, sup- plementing newly found materials, makes a efforts to completely reappear a whole process of social interaction be- tween Qian Mu and Zhu Huaitian.%钱穆先生是现代中国最为重要的国学大师之一。他晚年定居台湾,在记忆衰退,又无大量文献可供稽考的情况下,耄耋之年写作回忆录——《师友杂忆》,因此记述难免出现偏差。但瑕不掩瑜,此书仍旧是一部20世纪中国学术发展史的实录,有着它书所无法替代的研究价值。文章主要利用1921年7月印行的《松江朱怀天先生遗稿》与《师友杂忆》比较参证,逐次辨析朱怀天生平事迹,去伪存真,增补缺失,力图完整展现钱穆与朱怀天交往的全过程。

  20. The Self-criticism and Renewal of Zhuism and the Confluence of Zhu Xi and Lu Jiuyuan's Theory Centered on Wu Cheng's Zhongyong Study%朱子学的自我批判、更新与朱陆合流以吴澄中庸学为中心∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许家星

    2015-01-01

    朱子学在后世传衍中逐渐显出异化为记诵口耳之学的一面,元代吴澄传承晚宋以来勉斋学派的批判创新精神,对朱子思想加以修正,彰显了潜伏已久的朱陆合流之思潮。以《中庸》诠释为例,草庐批评《中庸章句》过于精详而流于分裂,对全书章句作出了新的划分,突出尊德性对道问学的优先性,重新诠释“本心”概念,显示出宋元时期朱子学者经典诠释的创新能力,表明元代“朱陆合流”实为朱子学内部自我更新调适所至。%As time goes by,Zhuism has been gradually alienated to memory,fragmentary and hearsay knowledge.Wu Cheng in Yuan Dynasty,who inherited the spirit of criticism and innovation from Mi-anzhai School in late Song Dynasty,tried his best to amend the thought of Zhu Zi,highlighting the lurk i-deological trend of the confluence of Zhu Xi and Lu Jiuyuan's theory.Taking the annotation of Zhongyong as an example,Wu Cheng criticized that chapters and sentences in Zhongyong were too details to split and made a new division on the chapters.Meanwhile,he emphasized honoring virtuous nature prior to inquiry and knowledge,and reinterpreted the concept of "conscience".That shows the innovative annotation of classics of Zhuism scholars in Song-Yuan Dynasty and indicate that the ideological trend of confluence of Zhu Xi and Lu Jiuyuan's theory is the result of Zhuism's self-renewal and adjustment.

  1. The Extraordinary Contributions Made by Zhu De in Participating in and Leading the Nanchang Uprising and Founding the People's Army%朱德参与领导南昌起义和缔造人民军队的卓越贡献

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庹平

    2012-01-01

    The Nanchang Uprising is the starting point from which the CPC created the people' s the major founders of the People' s Liberation Army, Zhu De participated in and led the uprising sumed the task of reserving the revolutionary kindling of the newly born people' s army at the army. As one of , and bravely as- critical moment when the remaining insurgents faced the hopeless situation. Before leading the army to Jinggangshan, he rectified the soldiers' mind to cultivate their revolutionary will, established a new military command system to reinforce the Party' s direct command over the newly born people' s army, and worked out irony discipline and transformed forms of battle to improve the survival and development abilities of the new army. At last, Zhu De led an army of more than ten thousand soldiers to join Mao Zedong' s army of the Autumn Harvest Uprising at Jinggangshan, composing the world -famous "Zhu -Mao Red Army".%南昌起义是中国共产党缔造人民军队的起点。朱德作为中国人民解放军的主要缔造者之一,他参与并领导了南昌起义,在南昌起义军余部面临绝境的关键时刻,勇担保存新生人民军队革命火种的重任。在转战上井冈山之前,他致力整顿思想,培养新生人民军队坚定的革命意志;建立新的军事指挥制度,加强党对新生人民军队的直接指挥;制定铁的纪律,转变作战形式,提高新生人民军队的生存和发展能力。最后,朱德带领万余人的革命武装上井冈山,与毛泽东领导的秋收起义部队会师,组成名扬天下的“朱毛红军”。

  2. 诗、思、史的完美融合--论朱德发人本主义、理性精神及其现代中国文学史学王国的构建%On Zhu Defa's Humanism, Rational Spirit and the Setup of His Kingdom of Modern Chinese Literary History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵启鹏

    2015-01-01

    Mr. Zhu Defa has always stuck to the setup of a holistic academic kingdom integrating"literature, history and humans" through his profound humanism sentiment and his independent rational sprit of modern sub-jects in terms of social ideological trends, creative practice, interpretation and dissemination, science of thinking, etc. As opined by him,"nationalization and globalization" is the guidance factor for the modernization of Chinese literature with its core point being what persons literature should serve. As such, the notion of"modern Chinese lit-erature" advanced by Mr. Zhu has not only mingled with the formation of modern nation state but also radiated with"man's consciousness" and "literature's awakening", which has maximally governed the connotation and denota-tion of various views on contemporary Chinese literature history———a unity of philosophy and science as well as of literature and historiography. Zhu Defa's Collected Works ( ten volumes) , published by Shandong People's Press in 2014 and a collection of Mr. Zhu's academic achievements in the past 40-oddd years, is reflective of the process of establishing the grand system of "modern Chinese literature history" and its far-reaching significance from various profiles and dimensions, thereby having demonstrated to readers an academic kingdom marked by its extensive range, strict logic and profound ideas. In short, given its profound emotion, penetrating idea, abundant content and fine style-a perfect integration of history, poetry and thinking, the collected works can be considered a rare ac-ademic feat in the present Chinese academic circles.%朱德发先生一直坚持以深厚的人本情怀与独立自主的现代主体理性精神,从社会思潮、创作实践、阐释传播、思维科学等层面,构建融合“文学—历史—人”等多维因素的整体性学术王国。他指出“民族化世界化”是中国文学现代化历程的制导性因素,而“为什么人”的

  3. From Reviewing the Poetic to Shred Memory---Talking about the Change of Military Dependents' Village in Zhu Tianwen's Novels%从诗意回眸到记忆破碎--论朱天文小说中眷村内涵的转变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾淑倩

    2014-01-01

    Zhu Tianwen's novels write out the change of Taiwan culture and literature with a realistic depiction and glittering words. There are some brand of Military Dependents' Village in her novels . Because of her identity and times , she took a new look at her favor for Mil-itary Dependents' Village .%朱天文的小说以写实的写作手法和华丽苍凉的文字反映了台湾文化及文学的变迁。受成长环境的影响,她的小说中带有眷村的印记。又因所处身份及所处时代变幻的关系,朱天文对自身的眷村情结做出了重新审视。

  4. An Analysis of the Similarities and Differences between New Confucianism and Scholasticism --Taking ZHU Xi and Thomas Aquinas as Examples%浅析程朱理学与经院哲学之异同——以朱熹和托马斯·阿奎那为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘京虹

    2012-01-01

    朱熹和托马斯·阿奎那作为当时东西方两大主流思想——新儒学(程朱理学)和经院哲学的集大成者,其对中国和西欧的贡献是不可言喻的。以朱熹和阿奎那为代表,通过对其师承及学术渊源的分析从宏观上把握东西思想异同产生的根源;通过对思想观、教育观和社会政治观等方面的探讨,把握程朱理学与经院哲学乃至东西方文化差异的细微之处。此外,通过分析这两种思想的影响异同,更为深刻的把握这两者对习俗及道德习惯的养成方面的影响。%ZHU Xi and Thomas Aquinas were the representatives of the two mainstream thoughts--New Confucian- ism and Scholasticism. They made great contribution to China and the Western Europe. This essay takes ZHU Xi and Thomas Aquinas as examples and through the analysis of the academic origins of the two, tries to grasp the roots of the similarities and differences between the eastern and the western thinking in a macro way. Also, by the discussion on thoughts, views of education and social politics of the two minds, we can know the details of the mi- nor differences between eastern and western cultures. Therefore, we can have a deep understanding of the influence of the two thoughts on customs and virtues through the analysis of the similarities and differences between them.

  5. The Inheritance and Development of Jian ChaoLiang to the Theory of Zhu CiQi---The Discussion with Qian Mu%简朝亮对朱次琦学说的传承与发展--兼与钱穆先生榷议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张纹华

    2015-01-01

    无论是重塑朱次琦的经师人师形象,接着朱次琦的“四行”、“五学”往下说,还是遍注儒家经典,简朝亮都是结合新的社会形势,朝着朱次琦学说的既定目标、具体路径为它输进新内容,使获得了较大发展的朱次琦学说延至民国中后期,并与同出一门的康有为别出的岭南近现代新儒学产生尖锐冲突,呈现岭南儒学近代转型的复杂性、艰巨性。因此,钱穆认为简朝亮未能传承朱次琦之学,实是未能抓住简朝亮经学生涯乃至朱次琦学说的要害。%Combined with new social situation ,Jian Chaoliang reshaped Zhu Ciqi’s image of being a teacher , investigated Zhu’s“four actions of morality cultivation” and“five areas of studies” and then he annotated many classics of the Confucian school .He followed Zhu’s set goals and roads ,and input new contents , extending Zhu’s theory to the semi-late period of the Republic of China .It had sharp conflict with the new Confucian school in Lingnan ,reflecting its complexity and hardship .Therefore ,Qian Mu’s view of Jian Chaoliang’s failing to inherit Zhu’ s theory failed to understand the gist of Jian Chaoliang ’ s academic thoughts ,nor the theory of Zhu Ciqi .

  6. Effect of Guan xin ning injection,Ge gen su injection and Deng zhan hua su injection on heart's electrical activity of anesthetized rats%冠心宁、葛根素和灯盏花素注射液对大鼠心电活动的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王桂华; 施真; 孙秀梅; 王月华; 孙辉; 杜冠华; 马春蕾

    2014-01-01

    Objective To observe the effects of Chinese traditional herbal injection ( Guan xin ning injection , Ge gen su injection and Deng zhan hua su injection ) for cardiovascular diseases on heart's electrical activity in anesthetized rats and confirm the effect of these Chinese medical injection by intraperitoneal relatively high dose on ECG.Methods Electrocardiogram ( LeadⅡ) was recorded by BL-420 F biofunction laboratory system;the changes of the ECG Wave P , wave R, Segment ST, wave T and the heart rate at different times after the peritoneal injection ( ip) of Chinese traditional herbal injection with or without intraperitoneal were observed and calculated .Results The re-sults showed that these three Chinese traditional herbal injections could induce the alterations of heart 's electrical activity in anesthetized rats.Intraperitoneal after administration of 1 or10 times normal dosage and the heart rate was differentially retarded ( except for saline 10 times nor-mal dosage group),the wave P upside down (Ge gen su injection),the elevation or decrease of ST Segment , the elevation of amplitude of R and T wave in every group , additionally , and premature ventricular accidentally ( Ge gen su injection and Deng zhan hua su injection ).The abnormal waves might appear in the severe cases , indicating Chinese traditional herbal injection could induce abnormal electrical activity in the heart.Long-term administration could causes heart damage.The ECG alterations were related with the type of Chinese traditional herbal injection, the dosage and time-course of administration.Conclusions Three blood-activating and stasis-dissolving injections could cause all kinds of ECG for the type of Chinese herbal medicine dosage and time -course of administration.Much more attention should be paid on the cardiac damages and the aimed measures should be given during Chinese medical injection in action .%目的:研究临床常用治疗心脑血管疾病的三种活血化淤中药注

  7. A Dictionary of English Normative Grammar 1700-1800 (DENG)

    CERN Document Server

    Sundby, Bertil; Haugland, Kari E

    1991-01-01

    Eighteenth-century English grammarians plead eloquently for purity, precision and perspicuity, but their method of teaching largely amounts to citing examples of impurity, imprecision and lack of clarity from contemporary writings. This book is the first of its kind to provide a detailed systematic account of such 'errors'. Apart from source and page references, the Dictionary gives the context of the error (I have not wept this forty years), the correct or 'target' form ('these forty years'), the name of the authors quoted by the grammarians ('Addison', 'Swift'), and the labels which sum up t

  8. A Probe into Three Wives of ZHU Ba-jie and WU Cheng-en Who Is not the Author of Western Journey%猪八戒三“妻”考议——兼及《西游记》非吴承恩所作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜贵晨

    2012-01-01

    早期西游文学文本以至百回本《西游记》中猪八戒之“妻”有三:裴海棠、卵二姐、高翠兰。这三个形象的设计分别植根于不同的文化渊源,具有各自的文化内涵,体现了不同作者或同一作者不同情况下的艺术匠心。但一贯地都主要服务于猪八戒典型形象的塑造,即作为猪八戒欲望的对象,以成就猪八戒为世俗“好丈夫”、“好女婿”形象,尤其是帮助突出了猪八戒“有顽心,色情未泯”(第一百回)之为“色”所累者的本性。这一本性是八戒修行学佛最大障碍,却是他作为文学形象最根本的性格特点。至于从《西游记》两写猪八戒“倒踏门”的无所顾忌甚或以为得意,推断其《西游记》的作者不象是父为赘婿的吴承恩,虽不自本文始,但其作为《西游记》作者非吴承恩的内证,却是再作强调而决不过分的。%In the early books concerning western journey including the one with 100 chapters, ZHU Ba-jie had three wives: PEI Hai-tang, LUAN Er-jie and GAO Cui-lan. The design of the three figures was rooted in different cultures and they had different cultural connotations. In addition, they showed the artistic capability of different authors or the same author un- der different circumstances. Nevertheless, this has contributed to the shaping of the classical figure ZHU Ba-jie with strong lust and the figure as a good husband and son-in-law. And it has especially helped to highlight the randy nature of ZHU who found his head deeply in sex. This nature has become the biggest barrier to the practice of Buddhism. In spite of that, it is made a striking literary feature. From ZHU's hesitation at no act in his two marriages, one can infer that the author of Western Journey does not seem to be WU Cheng-en whose father was the son-in-law living together with his wife's parents.

  9. Clinical Observation on JianPi ZhuYunTang Combined with Triple Therapy in Treating 58 Cases of Peptic Ulcer%健脾助运汤联合三联疗法治疗消化性溃疡58例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成旭

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To observe clinical effects of JianPi ZhuYunTang combined with triple therapy in treating peptic ulcer. Method: All 116 patients were randomized into the observation group and the control group equally. Both groups received classic triple therapy: metronidazole tablets, 400mg/time, twice each day, oral; colloidal bismuth pectin tablets, 100mg/time, three times each day, took in 30 minutes before breakfast, lunch and supper; omeprazole, 20 mg/time, twice each day. The observation group took JianPi ZhuYunTang. One course of treatment was seven days, curative effects were observed after four courses of treatment. Result: Cure rate and total effective rate of the observation group were 51.72% and 94.83%; and that of the control group were 36.21% and 79.31%, comparison between both groups showed significant difference (P<0.05). Comparisons within one group demonstrated significant difference before and after treating in symptom scales of abdominal pain, abdominal distention, regurgitation, sour reflux and belching (P<0.05). Comparison between both groups after treating showed significant difference (P<0.05). Conclusion: JianPi ZhuYunTang and triple therapy have notable clinical effects in treating peptic ulcer.%目的:观察健脾助运汤联合三联疗法治疗消化性溃疡的疗效.方法:将116 例消化性溃疡患者随机分为观察组和对照组各58 例.2 组患者均给予经典的三联疗法:甲硝唑片,400 mg/ 次,2 次/d,口服;果胶铋片,100 mg/ 次,3次/d,于早、中、晚饭前30 分钟口服;奥美拉唑,20 mg/ 次,2次/d.观察组同时给予健脾助运汤.2组均以治疗7 天为1 个疗程,治疗4 个疗程后观察疗效.结果:观察组治愈率为51.72%,总有效率为94.83%;对照组治愈率为36.21%,总有效率为79.31%.2 组相比差异显著(P<0.05).治疗后腹痛、腹胀、反胃、反酸、嗳气等症状积分2 组治疗前后组内相比,有显著差异(P<0.05),组间相比,有显著差异(P<0.05).结论:健

  10. Modified BanXia BaiZhu TianMa Tang and Betahistine Hydrochloride in Treating 35 Cases of Vertebrobasilar Artery Insufficiency Vertigo%加味半夏白术天麻汤联合盐酸倍他司汀治疗椎-基底动脉供血不足性眩晕35例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小荣; 杨涛

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察加味半夏白术天麻汤联合盐酸倍他司汀治疗椎-基底动脉供血不足性眩晕的临床疗效。方法:将65例患者随机分为2组,治疗组35例予加味半夏白术天麻汤联合盐酸倍他司汀治疗,对照组30例予盐酸倍他司汀治疗,观察2组治疗前后椎-基底动脉平均血流速度。结果:治疗组治愈13例,显效19例,无效3例,总有效率为91.43%;对照组治愈3例,显效18例,无效9例,总有效率为70.00%。治疗组疗效优于对照组(P<0.05)。椎-基底动脉平均血流速度治疗后治疗组高于对照组(P<0.01)。结论:加味半夏白术天麻汤联合盐酸倍他司汀治疗椎-基底动脉供血不足性眩晕疗效优于单纯西药治疗。%Objective: To explore therapeutic effects of modified BanXia BaiZhu TianMa Tang cooperated with betahistine hydrochloride for vertebrobasilar artery insufficiency vertigo. Method:All 65 patients were random-ized into 35 cases in the treatment group and 30 cases in the control group. The treatment group accepted modified BanXia BaiZhu TianMa Tang and betahistine hydrochloride, the control group betahistine hydrochloride, average blood flow rates of vertebrobasilar artery were observed in both groups before and after treating. Result:There were 13 cases cured, 19 cases effective, three cases ineffective and total effective rate 91.43%in the treatment group;three cases cured, 18 cases effective, nine cases ineffective and total effective rate 70.00%. The treatment group was supe-rior to the control group in curative effects (P<0.05). The treatment group was higher than the control group in aver-age blood flow rates of vertebrobasilar artery (P<0.01). Conclusion:Modified BanXia BaiZhu TianMa Tang cooper-ated with betahistine hydrochloride are superior to Western Medicine for vertebrobasilar artery insufficiency vertigo.

  11. City:The Interaction of Person And the Space---Zhu Tianxin’s Identification of Taipei%城市:身体与空间的双向互动--朱天心的台北认同书写

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅燕婷

    2015-01-01

    Authors’ urban space is a space full of life characterization. In representational space, body is the intermediary among a person, space and space created by cognition. The movement of body will brand in the space. We walk in the city, close to the daily life of the city, so that the memory of city becomes more colorful with personal feeling.In Zhu Tianxin’s "ancient"and "Hungarian water", it presents the city in two sides, visual experience and smell perception. Zhu Tianxin looking upon the body as media, through hanging around the city recalls the memory of childhood life in Taipei The search starts with one's own body, connected to the land he lives, and a self-identity arises.%作家笔下的城市空间是一种富有生命的表征空间。在表征空间中,身体是人与空间、感知塑造空间的唯一中介,身体的运动会烙印在空间之上。人塑造和丰富着空间环境,空间也生产和塑造着人。身体在城市中行走,贴近城市的日常生活,串联起城市的空间,使静态的空间成为带有个人情感色彩的动态记忆。朱天心的《古都》、《匈牙利之水》,分别从穿城走巷的视觉体验和嗅觉感知两个角度书写了对台北的认同。朱天心借由“我”的身体行走于日常生活的空间,以身体为媒介,通过视觉和嗅觉勾勒出自己的童年生活记忆。寻找从自己的身体出发,与生活的土地连接而产生认同的可能。

  12. 传统《诗经》学的重大历史转折 ——朱熹“以《诗》言《诗》”说申论%The historic turning point of traditional studies on classic poetry ——ZHU Xi 's theory of commenting on classic poetry through classic poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪大白

    2001-01-01

    ZHU Xi's theory of and his deeds in commenting on Classic Poetry through Classic Poetry is a negation and criticism on the idea of illustrating Classic Poetry with history expressed in “the Preface to Classic Poetry" and the Confucianists' concept of illustrating Classic Poetry with “the Preface to Classic Poetry". It also shows a deep understanding on the literature nature of Classic Poetry and the rules in composing poems. To carry out the principle of commenting on classic Poetry through Classic Poetry and to implement a great reform on traditional studies on classic Poetry is a great mission for scholars in Song Dynasty from the need of historical development and the time. Being a famous literaturist as well as a master in the studies on Classic Poetry and integrating literature of past dynasties with the studies on “Classic Poetry" of past dynasties are the main condition and the objective foundation for ZHU Xi to implement his reform on the studies on classic Poetry.%朱熹首倡并躬行的“以《诗》言《诗》”说是对《诗序》“以史证《诗》”以及后儒“以《序》解《诗》”的否定与批判,同时又体现了对《诗经》文学本质与诗歌创作规律的深刻认识。贯彻“以《诗》言《诗》”的原则,实现传统《诗经》学的重大变革,是历史的发展与时代的需求赋予宋代学者的重大使命;而文学名家与经学大师的一身兼任,历代文学与历代经学的双轨集成,是朱熹实现《诗经》学变革的主体条件与客观基础。

  13. 接受理论视角下的英语名言翻译探析--以朱纯深译著《自深深处》中王尔德名言翻译为例%Study on the Translation of English Epigrams from the Perspective of Reception Theory--- Take for Example the Translation of Oscar Wilde’s Epigrams in Zhu Chunshen’s Translated Book De Profundis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    应雨桦

    2015-01-01

    The author takes the perspective of reception theory to expound the characteristics of epigram - translation and tried to analyze the translation problems by comparing the translation of Oscar Wilde’s epigrams in Zhu Chunshen’s translated book De Profundis and the author’s re - translation based on the version of Zhu Chunshen . In the final analysis , the author puts stress on the syntactical and semantic intelligibility ,the historical context of word meaning as well as the explanation of cultural elements .%从接受理论视角出发,探讨英语名言翻译的特点,并通过对比朱纯深在其译著《自深深处》中王尔德名言的翻译与作者在其基础上的改译,分析英语名言翻译的问题与解决方案。英语名言的翻译应重视句法和语义的可理解性、意义的历史语境以及异质文化因素的解释说明。

  14. Which Kind of "Transformation of Life into Art". A Comparison of Zhu Guangqian and Zong Baihua's Theories of Aesthetic Education%何种“人生的艺术化”?——朱光潜、宗白华美育理论之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    萧湛

    2012-01-01

    The similarities and differences between Zhu Guangqian's theories of aesthetic education and those of Zong Baihua lie in the proposition of "transformation of life into art". Although both of them draw on relevant theories of Schopenhauer, Nietzsche and Bergson to interpret this proposition, their interpretations differ in their points of departure and final purport. This paper attempts to analyze the two connotations of this proposition and explore the causes of the differences.%朱光潜和宗白华的美育理论,其相似性和差异性都体现在“人生的艺术化”这一命题上,两者对这一命题的阐释,均借鉴了叔本华、尼采和柏格森的相关理论,但阐释起点和最终旨归都大异其趣。论文分析了这一命题的两种具体内涵,并剖析了差异产生的原因。

  15. “Human Nature”- Oriented Explanation of Ethnic Love Literature from the Perspective of Literary Anthropology--Long Zhu and The Black Steed as An Example%少数民族爱情文学“人性观照”意蕴的文学人类学阐释--以《龙朱》、《黑骏马》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙旭

    2016-01-01

    Literary Anthropology uses the method of Cultural Anthropology to research literature. The content of Literary Anthropology Criticism mainly includes the Primitivism Criticism and Mythological Archetypal Criticism. The ethnic literature Long Zhu and The Black Steed are the works of love literature, which involves Primitivism,Semi Primitivism ,“Archetype”and the same theme of “Human Nature”.%文学人类学的要旨是借鉴和运用文化人类学的视野、方法研究文学。文学人类学批评的内容特征主要包括原始主义批评与神话原型批评。少数民族爱情文学作品《龙朱》和《黑骏马》具有原始主义、半原始主义的典型特征以及“原型”的深层意蕴,作家于文本中对“人性”进行了细致的观照。

  16. 朱武兰:探索“为学而教”的课堂改革--语文教育改革专题访谈之三%ZHU Wu-lan:Exploring Classroom Reform of “Teaching for Learning”---The Third Interview about Reform of Chinese Language Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李金云; 朱武兰

    2014-01-01

    针对当前语文课堂实践问题,朱武兰老师提出并强调语文教师应积极探索“为学而教”的课堂改革。语文课堂亟需唤醒学生对语文学习的“自觉”,需要教师从原点上搞清楚语文的“独当之任”;语文教师没有丰富的学科素养,就难以获得学科的尊严;从课程论的视角提高教师独立研读教材的能力,是解决目前语文教学低效的急切需要。%Facing with issues of current Chinese language class teaching , teacher ZHU Wu‐lan proposes and emphasizes that Chinese language teachers should actively explore the classroom reform of “teaching for learning” . It is badly needed to arouse students'awareness of Chinese language learning in class so that teachers ought to figure out the unique responsibility of Chinese language teaching . Without solid academic knowledge , Chinese language teachers have difficulties obtaining the dignity of discipline . In order to solve the low effectiveness of current Chinese language teaching , it is urgently needed to improve teachers'ability to study the teaching materials from curriculum theory .

  17. 浅论孙诒让《札迻·素问王冰注校》的校勘特点%Brief Discussion on SUN Yi-rang ’ s Collation Characteristics in ZHA YI SU WEN WANG BING ZHU JIAO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙庆炜

    2016-01-01

    SUN Yi-rang’ s ZHA YI SU WEN WANG BING ZHU JIAO played an important role in history of SU WEN’ s collation. The purpose of this paper was to sum up the characteristics of collation, that is learning widely from others' strong points, picking up the es-sence, quoting and seeking broad-mind, detailed examination and resolution, striving for realism rigorously, believing in doubt, inves-tigating the hidden mysteries of things, analysis of small things and mysteries, exploring traceability, studying comprehensively.%在《素问》的校勘史上,孙诒让的《札迻·素问王冰注校》占有十分重要的地位。将其校勘特点总结为“博采众长、撷其精英,引征广博、详审细辨,严谨求实、信守存疑,探幽索隐、析微阐奥,循流溯源、综合考辨”。

  18. 演艺类文化遗产民俗型传承场域的当代建构--以安徽省蚌埠市冯嘴子村民俗活动传承花鼓灯为例%The Modern Construction of Custom Inheritance in Cultural Heritage of Performing Arts:a Case Study of Hua-gu-deng Dancing Opera in Feng-zui-zi Village, Bengbu City, Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈德琥

    2016-01-01

    在农耕文化背景下,演艺类文化遗产经历了“咒语多变成颂歌”的演替历程,并藉民俗仪式出场路向得以长足的发展,民俗型表演场域即成为演艺类文化遗产自由衍生、自然传承的基本空间。因此,建构当代民俗型传承场域是演艺类文化遗产源头性、原生性、整体性和共享性的保护策略,对其自然传衍影响深远。花鼓灯在婚庆、节庆、祭祀等民俗仪式活动中自由发展状况便是显例。%In the context of farming culture, cultural heritage of performing arts has undergone an evolution“from incantation to carol” and has gained a rapid development with the folk rituals. The performance field of folk custom has provided the space for the natural transmission and inheritance of cultural heritage of performing arts. It is therefore of profound effect to construct the origin, originality, integrity and sharing of modern inheritance field for folk custom. And one typical example is the performance of Hua-gu-deng dancing opera in the folk ceremonies, such as, wedding, fes-tivity and sacrificial rituals.

  19. 道德实践中的认知、意愿与性格——论程朱对“知而不行”的解释%Knowing, Will and Character in Moral Practice: A Study on Cheng Yi and Zhu Xi's Explanations of "Knowing without Doing"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方旭东

    2011-01-01

    "Knowing without doing" is a common phenomenon in human life, which contains a philosophical puzzle that why people don't do what they think right. Focusing on the case of Cheng Yi and Zhu Xi, this paper makes a complete investigation on the explanations of "knowing without doing" in Chinese philosophy. It holds that Cheng and Zhu's explanations can be divided into three dimensions which correspond separately with knowing, will and character. Comparing with the Western philosophy, Cheng and Zhu's thinking presents a characteristic of comprehensiveness. Some statements of Cheng and Zhu, such as the sayings about "seeing principle", "self-abandon", "weakness" and "material endowment", are all representatives of Han philo- sophical thinking, which would be a useful source for the related discussions in the contemporary moral philos- ophy, philosophy of mind and theory of action.%“知而不行”是生活中常见的现象,比如,一个人知道吸烟不好,却依然吸烟;知道应该帮助他人,却没有付诸行动。儒学,尤其是宋明理学,作为一种强调道德修养和道德实践的学问,对道德领域的“知而不行”现象,给予了更多关注。从二程到朱熹到王阳明,都对这个问题做过正面回应,其中蕴含了值得注意的哲学观点。在西方哲学中,“知而不行”问题与意志软弱(akrasia,weaknessofwill)问题联系在一起,从古代的苏格拉底、亚里士多德,到中世纪的奥古斯丁、阿奎那,再到近代的休谟、康德乃至当代的戴维森,很多哲学家都留下了关于这个问题的看法。①晚近一些海外中国哲学研究者尝试结合西方哲学的相关理论,对中国哲学中的意志软弱问题做比较研究。②本文将聚焦于朱熹及其理论先导程颐的有关论述,运用道德哲学话语分析他们对“知而不行”问题的解释,并探讨其对当代关于道德行动的研究有怎样的启示。

  20. Clinical Observation on Early Treatment of Multiple Injuries of Bone and Joint with the Combination of Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang and Injury Control%血府逐瘀汤联合损伤控制技术早期救治骨关节多发伤的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王旭光; 初海滨; 鞠传宝

    2016-01-01

    Objective To sum up the curative effect of the early treatment of bone and joint injury by the combination of Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang and injury control technology. Methods Our hospital between January 2014 and December 2015 were treated 112 cases of joint multiple trauma patients as the research object of this experiment, according to the double blind method will be involved in the study of patients, divided into two different groups, two groups of patients the appellation of the control group respectively, and the team, each group of 56 patients, control group patients use the conventional methods for treatment, the team is to provide patients with therapeutic and the combined treatment of damage control technology. Results After the operation, the team with the total effective was 96.43%, signiifcantly higher than control group in patients with 85.71%, the comparison between the two groups, data signiifcant difference (P<0.05).Patients in the study group were pain stop time, swelling clearance time and hospitalization time were less than the control group patients, the difference between the groups was signiifcant. Conclusion The combination of Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang and the therapeutic joint damage control technology in the early treatment polytrauma curative effect is obvious, bone can be promoted.%目的:总结血府逐瘀汤联合损伤控制技术早期救治骨关节多发伤的疗效。方法选取本院2014年1月至2015年12月收治的112例骨关节多发伤患者作为本次实验的研究对象,根据双盲法将参与研究的患者,分为两个不同的组别,两组患者的称谓分别为对照组以及研究组,每组各56例患者,对照组的患者使用常规的方法进行治疗,研究组则为患者提供血府逐瘀汤以及损伤控制技术的联合治疗。结果手术后,研究组患者的总有效为96.43%,明显高于对照组患者的85.71%,两组间比较,数据差异显著,(P<0.05)。研究组患者疼痛停止时

  1. 四川省绵竹市教师人群代谢综合征的患病率和相关危险因素的分析%A survey of metabolic syndrome and its related risk factors among teachers in Sichuan MianZhu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘永康; 张光兵; 扬万双; 罗隽

    2012-01-01

      目的探求四川省绵竹市教师人群代谢综合症(metabolic syndrome MS)的患病率和相关危险因素的流行病学特征.方法采用《2007中国成人血脂异常防治指南》推荐的代谢综合症诊断标准,对2012年5月-9月在我院体检的5211例(男2247例,女2964例,年龄22-91岁)绵竹市教师人群进行调查分析.结果绵竹市教师人群代谢综合征的总体患病率为13.1%,其中青年组患病率2.1%,中年组患病率15.3%、老年组患病率24.8%.各危险因素中腹型肥胖36.0%、糖代谢异常22.1%、血脂异常25.9%、高血压22.0%.Logistic回归分析证实,腹型肥胖、糖代谢异常、血脂异常、高血压是代谢综合征的危险因素.结论①四川省绵竹市教师人群代谢综合症的患病率与全国大中城市代谢综合症的患病率相当.②腹型肥胖、糖代谢异常、血脂异常、高血压是代谢综合征的重要危险因素.%  Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristics of metabolic syndrome and its related risk factors among teachers in Sichuan MianZhu. Methods: A survey of metabolic syndrome and its related risk factors was conducted among 5211 teachers (including 2247 males and 2964 females, aged22-91 years) while physical examination was undergoing in our Hospital from May to September 2012. The diagnostic criterias commended by the chinese guideline about prevention and cure of dyslipidemia in adults 2007 were used for the identification of MS.The risk factors of metabolic syndrome were analyzed with multiple logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 13.1%, young age-group was 2.1%, middle age-group was 15.3%,older age-group was 24.8%.36.0% with obesity, 22.1% with abnormal glycometabolism, 25.9%with dyslipidemia, 22.0% with hypertension. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors of metabolic syndrome were obesity, abnormal glycometabolism, dyslipidemia and hypertension

  2. Characteristic Analysis of a Multi-day Pollution Event in Chang-Zhu-Tan Metropolitan Area During October 2013%2013年10月长株潭城市群一次持续性空气污染过程特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖志恒; 范绍佳; 黄娟; 孙家仁

    2014-01-01

    Chang-Zhu-Tan Metropolitan Area experienced a typical multi-day pollution event in October 2013. Based on the air pollution index, conventional pollutants observations, surface meteorological observations and sounding data, the relationships of air pollution, large-scale circumfluence and boundary layer meteorology of this event were comprehensively analyzed. Additionally, the sources and transport paths of pollutions were investigated by application of satellite remote sensing data and HYSPLIT4 model. The results showed that pollutants gradually accumulated in the earlier stage of the event (October 21th to 26th), while in the later stage (October 27th to 31th) the characteristic pollutants of crop residue burning (PM2. 5 , CO, NO2 ) sharply increased. The deterioration of air quality in the later stage was mainly related to the remote transport of pollutants caused by straw burning. Analysis of simulations of HYSPLIT4 model and fire spots showed that the currents mainly came from Anhui and Hubei Province in the earlier stage, while in the later stage they were mainly from Jiangxi Province where fire spots were intensively located. Stable atmospheric stratification caused by steady uniform high-pressure field and slight wind due to the confrontation of cold and warm currents greatly contributed to the development, maintainability and reinforcement of the pollution event. The remote transport of pollutants had a significant impact on ambient air quality of Chang-Zhu-Tan Metropolitan Area.%2013年10月21~31日长株潭城市群经历了一次持续性空气污染过程.利用地面空气质量监测资料、地面气象资料及探空资料综合分析了此次污染过程与大气环流、边界层气象条件之间的相互关系,并利用卫星遥感火点监测资料和HYSPLIT4模式,分析了此次过程大气污染物的来源及输送路径.结果表明,过程前期(21~26日),污染物缓慢积累,过程后期(27~31日),PM2.5、 CO、 NO2等焚烧特征污

  3. Retraction statement: 'Formin-like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer' by Yuanfeng Zeng, Huijun Xie, Yudan Qiao, Jianmei Wang, Xiling Zhu, Guoyang He, Yuling Li, Xiaoli Ren, Feifei Wang, Li Liang and Yanqing Ding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    The above article in Cancer Science (doi: 10.1111/cas.12768), published online on 26 October 2015 in Wiley Online Library (http://wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Yusuke Nakamura, and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. The retraction has been agreed as Panels +C3 and +Y27632 of SW480 Mock shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels + C3 and +Y27632 of HT29 FMNL2 shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels shFMNL2-1 and shmDial1-1 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, shFMNL2-2 and shmDial1-2 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels of shFMNL2-1 + shmDial1-1 and shFMNL2-1 + shmDial1-2 of +LPA appear to have been taken from the same image, gel bands of FLAG in Figure 4e appear to have been have been manipulated by erasing gel bands. Reference Zeng Y, Xie H, Qiao Y, Wang J, Zhu X, He G, Li Y, Ren X, Wang F, Liang L, Ding Y. Formin-like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer. Cancer Sci 2015; 106: 1385-93. doi: 10.1111/cas.12768.

  4. 从《罗密欧与朱丽叶》和《哈姆雷特》看朱生豪译者风格%On Zhu Shenghao’s Translator’s Style in Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙瑞

    2012-01-01

      莎士比亚的戏剧流传至今与它的思想、语言艺术有着紧密的联系。作为莎剧翻译中的一员,朱生豪显示了他天才的才情与手段。他的译本至今仍然深受广大的读者的欢迎。该文旨在通过对《罗密欧与朱丽叶》《哈姆雷特》两本译作的分析来研究朱生豪的译者风格。文章采用了宏观和微观的视角,运用翻译问题学理论从语言学各个层面探讨了译文的风格特征,并且宏观上分析了译本中对原文主题和语气的风格的把握。最后总结归纳了朱生豪的译者风格特征。%  Zhu Shenghao rendered Shakespeare’s plays in the form of prose in vernacular Chinese. This thesis intends to take a descriptive view and find the overall style he shows in his translations. This thesis chooses two of his works Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet and the theory of Translation Stylistics and the method of quantitative, comparative qualitative analysis are utilized. After comparison and analysis, the author has located several features of his translation style.

  5. 我国城市规划教育起源的探讨——兼述朱皆平教授教学思想%DISCUSSION ON THE ORIGIN OF CITY PLANNING EDUCATION IN CHINA: WITH AN INTRODUCTION TO PROFESSOR ZHU JIEPING'S EDUCATIONAL IDEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱建; 崔珩

    2012-01-01

    Along with the industrial revolution in western countries, the concerns with issues of residence, public health, and environment protection, etc., brought about the emergence of modern city planning discipline. Its contents and ideology has been introduced into China's city planning education in early time. Between the 1920s and 1930s, Tangshan Campus of Jiaotong University offered related courses under the Department of Municipal and Sanitation Engineering, such as urban planning and design, planning administration and management, planning technology, etc., which started the early city planning education in China. Employed as a professor to teach city planning, Mr. ZHU Jieping made a significant contribution to the early city planning education and research in terms of textbook compilation, educational methodology, educational ideology, education practice and planning theory.%西方工业革命进程中对居住问题、公共卫生、环境保护等问题的关注孕育了现代城市规划学科,其视野与思想也被应用于我国早期城市规划教育.20世纪20-30年代,交通大学唐山学校市政卫生工程科下设置了规划设计、规划行政与管理、规划技术等相关课程,启动了早期的城市规划教学.朱皆平先生作为唐山工学院的受聘教授讲授城市规划课程,在教材建设、教学方法、教育理念、教学实践和规划理论上为城市规划的早期教育与学术研究做出了重要贡献.

  6. Simultaneous determination of three alkaloids, four ginsenosides and limonin in the plasma of normal and headache rats after oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction by a novel ultra fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method: application to a comparative pharmacokinetics and ethological study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Huarong; Li, Qing; Yin, Yidi; Lv, Chunxiao; Sun, Wanyang; He, Bosai; Liu, Ran; Chen, Xiaohui; Bi, Kaishun

    2013-04-01

    A novel, sensitive and reliable ultra fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for simultaneous quantitation of eight main active ingredients (evodiamine, rutaecarpine, dehydroevodiamine, limonin, ginsenoside Rb1, Rd, Re and Rg1) in rat plasma after oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu (WZY) decoction, which is a celebrated and widely used Traditional Chinese Medicine formula for the treatment of headache. The analytes and internal standard (IS) were separated on a SHIM-PACK XR-ODS II column, and the detection was performed on a UFLC-MS/MS system with turbo ion spray source. The lower limits of quantification were 1.5, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 2.0, 1.0, 0.5 and 0.2 ng ml(-1) for evodiamine, rutaecarpine, dehydroevodiamine, limonin, gensenoside Rb1, Rd, Re and Rg1, respectively. Linearity, accuracy, precision and absolute recoveries of the eight analytes were all within satisfaction. The IS-normalized matrix factor was adopted for assessing the matrix effect and accompanied with a satisfactory result. The validated method has been successfully applied to compare pharmacokinetic profiles of the eight active ingredients in rat plasma between normal and headache rats after administration. Exact pharmaceutical effect of WZY decoction on headache was demonstrated by the ethological response of headache rats induced by nitric oxide donor after administration. The results indicated that the absorption of evodiamine, rutaecarpine, gensenoside Rb1, Re and Rg1 in headache group were significantly higher than those in normal group with similar concentration-time curves while no significant differences existed in limonin and ginsenoside Rd between the two groups.

  7. Retraction statement: ‘Formin‐like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer’ by Yuanfeng Zeng, Huijun Xie, Yudan Qiao, Jianmei Wang, Xiling Zhu, Guoyang He, Yuling Li, Xiaoli Ren, Feifei Wang, Li Liang and Yanqing Ding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The above article in Cancer Science (doi: 10.1111/cas.12768), published online on 26 October 2015 in Wiley Online Library (http://wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Yusuke Nakamura, and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. The retraction has been agreed as Panels +C3 and +Y27632 of SW480 Mock shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels + C3 and +Y27632 of HT29 FMNL2 shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels shFMNL2‐1 and shmDial1‐1 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, shFMNL2‐2 and shmDial1‐2 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels of shFMNL2‐1 + shmDial1‐1 and shFMNL2‐1 + shmDial1‐2 of +LPA appear to have been taken from the same image, gel bands of FLAG in Figure 4e appear to have been have been manipulated by erasing gel bands. Reference ZengY , XieH , QiaoY , WangJ , ZhuX , HeG , LiY , RenX , WangF , LiangL , DingY . Formin‐like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer. Cancer Sci 2015; 106: 1385–93. doi: 10.1111/cas.12768 26258642 PMID:27420476

  8. 加味苓桂术甘汤联合短期极低热量饮食改变人体治疗反应性的临床观察%Modified Ling- Gui -Zhu- Gan Decoction Combined with Short- term Very- Low-Calorie -Diets to Improve the Therapeutic Response of Human Body

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丁生; 孟君; 柯斌; 汪园园; 张俊杰; 秦鉴

    2011-01-01

    加味苓桂术甘汤联合短期极低热量饮食是把传统中医中药元素有机地融入禁食疗法中的一种新型自然疗法.通过短期限制有形食物的摄取,只喝小米汤,并服用温化痰饮、泄浊健脾中药,重建“脾主运化”功能,从而改变人体对治疗的反应性,提高治疗(包括口服药物、外用药和饮食控制等)的效果.文章例举糖尿病、慢性湿疹及其它一些临床病例以证明本疗法改善人体治疗反应性的客观存在,并就可能机理进行初步探讨.%Modified Ling - Gui - Zhu - Gan Decoction Combined with Short - term Very - low - calorie - diets is a new physiocracy that combines fasting with the traditional Chinese medicine organically. By Short - term limitation of formed diet in combination with traditional Chinese medicine that are "warming and resolving phlegm and fluid retention" and "turbid - diarrhoea and invigorating spleen" ,we rebuild the function of "spleen controlling digestion" to improve the therapeutic response of human body and enhance the effectiveness of management ( such as oral medication, drug for external use, diet control, and so on). Here we describe some cases of diabetes mellitus, chronic eczema and other diseases to prove the fact that TCM fasting therapy can improve the therapeutic response of human body and to study the possible mechanism.

  9. Contemporary Values of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics: Commemorating the 30th Anniversary of Deng Xiaoping' s Initiation of "Building Socialism with Chinese Characteristics"%论中国特色社会主义的当代价值——纪念邓小平提出“建设有中国特色的社会主义”30周年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包心鉴

    2012-01-01

    30年前邓小平关于"建设有中国特色的社会主义"的科学命题,开启了当代中国发展的新征程。通过30年的不断实践与提炼,中国特色社会主义已经形成为比较完整的理论形态,中国特色社会主义理论体系,对当代如何焕发马克思主义生命力,具有巨大的理论创新价值;通过30年的不断探索与拓展,中国特色社会主义已经形成为比较成熟的道路形态,中国特色社会主义发展道路,对当代后发型国家如何走向现代化,具有巨大的道路引领价值;通过30年的不断改革与完善,中国特色社会主义已经形成为比较定型的制度形态,中国特色社会主义基本制度,对如何发挥社会制度的优越性和推动力,具有巨大的制度建构价值。%Thirty years ago, Deng Xiaoping' s scientific proposition on ,i building socialism with Chinese char- acteristics" initiated a new march of development for contemporary China. Through thirty years of continuous prac- tice and refinement, socialism with Chinese characteristics became a relatively complete form of theory. The system of theories of socialism with Chinese characteristics has great value of theoretical innovation for the contemporary vi- tality exuberance of Marxism. Through thirty years of continuous exploration and development, socialism with Chi- nese characteristics became a relatively mature form of path. The path of socialism with Chinese characteristics has great value of path leading for the contemporary modernization of late developers. Through thirty years of continuous reform and perfection, socialism with Chinese characteristics became a relatively established form of system. The basic system of socialism with Chinese characteristics has great value of institutional construction for the exertion of superiorities and impulses of socialist system.

  10. Reform and Innovation in Teaching Mode of Political Theory Course in RTVU-On an Introductory Course of Important Thought on Deng Xiaoping Theory and“The Three Represents”%电大政治理论课教学模式的改革创新--以邓小平理论和“三个代表”重要思想概论课程为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李光先

    2012-01-01

      The introductory course of important thought on Deng Xiaoping Theory and“The Three Represents” is a public compulsory course of basic theory in RTVUs. Due to the large quantity of students and more content of the course, Guangdong Radio & TV University has started the teaching method reform since 2003, taking the form of lecture. The course has been divided into 5 special lectures, 5 teachers lecturing for each of them respectively. The special lectures focus on the following combinations: history with reality, theory with practice, knowledge with interest, research with teaching, logic with comparison, and unity with diversity. The enlightenment from years of practice is that the form of special lecture is the teaching details based on the unit of the course, different course with different teaching method and different student with different teaching mode.%  邓小平理论和“三个代表”重要思想概论课程是电大的一门公共必修基础理论课。鉴于学生人数多、课程内容多的特点,广东电大2003年启动了课程教学模式改革,采取讲座的教学形式,将课程划分为5个专题讲座,分别由5位教师讲授。专题讲座注重“6个相结合”,即历史性和现实性相结合;理论性和实践性相结合;知识性和趣味性相结合;研究性和传授性相结合;逻辑性和对比性相结合;统一性和多样性相结合。多年的教学实践给予我们几点启示:专题讲座形式是以课程为单元组织教学的细化;不同的课程应有不同的教学模式;面对不同类型的学生也要采取不同的教学模式

  11. The Yangtze River Flows Eastward——On QING Zhu,a Pioneer in Modern Music in Huizhou China and His Works%大江东去——中国惠州近代音乐先驱青主及其歌曲创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马岩峰; 方爱兰

    2012-01-01

    青主是我国三十年代初对当时乐坛有着较深刻影响、积极宣传"为艺术而艺术"的代表人物。青主自幼受到中国传统文化思想的影响,他以为动人的音乐往往是一首首音诗,音乐家也首先是音乐的诗人,其美学思想、观点至今影响着中国的音乐教育。此外,青主将西方作曲技术与中国古典诗词完美结合的艺术形式,还体现在《大江东去》等艺术歌曲创作中,尤其《大江东去》堪称为我国艺术歌曲的经典之作。这在当时不仅是一种尝试、探索与创新,拓展了中国民族音乐的旋律语言,而且首开和创造了中国音乐新语境的先河。%QING Zhu was a representative in 1930s in China who had a far-reaching effect on music circles and actively spread the idea "art for art's sake".Growing up under the influence of Chinese traditional culture and thinking,he regarded pieces of moving music as poems and certainly musicians as poets.His aesthetic views and thoughts have influenced Chinese musical education so far.Furthermore,he combined western composing techniques with Chinese ancient poems perfectly to compose artistic songs like the Yangtse River Flows Eastward,a classical artistic song in China,thus developed language of melody in Chinese national music and first opened a new contert in Chinese music.This was really a new attempt,a trial and an innovation at that time.

  12. Zhu Yanyan—a White-collar Beauty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    EACH weekend Shanghai people refresh themselves after their work week by listening to the sweet and soft voice narrating a special travel program on the Shanghai Broadcasting Station. They follow the narrator as she explains the history, the present situations and the development

  13. Viewing South Tour Speeches and the Deepening of China Reform from an Overseas Perspective——An Investigation on the Basis of Spirit of South Tour Speeches and Chinese Development in Post - Deng Xiaoping Times%从国外视野来看“南方谈话”与改革开放研究的深化——以《南巡遗产与后邓小平时代中国的发展》为中心的考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爱云

    2012-01-01

    The overseas academic field has conducted a g South Tour Speeches in the past 20 years. Compared with lasting and deepening research on t)eng Alaopmg the researches in China, the big difference is that the overseas researches have a very wide horizon. They not only make researches on the historic position of Deng Xiaopingg South Tour Speeches from a wide perspective, but also analyze its lasting influence on Chinese politics, economy, society, thoughts, etc. from multi -perspectives. This will be beneficial for domestic re- searches on South Tour Speeches and China reform and opening -up.%20年来国外学术界对邓小平南方谈话进行了持续而深入的研究。与国内相比,国外研究的最大特点在于研究视野非常开阔,他们不仅以广阔的视角考察南方谈话的历史地位。而且从多方面深入而广泛地分析南方谈话对中国政治、经济、社会、思想等方面所产生的深远影响,这一点对于我们进一步深化国内关于南方谈话与改革开放的研究有所启发和裨益。

  14. 基于能值改进生态足迹的长株潭城市群可持续发展研究%RESEARCH ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF CHANG-ZHU-TAN CITY CLUSTER USING A MODIFIED EMERGY-BASED ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT MODEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楚芳芳; 蒋涤非

    2012-01-01

    reflected the complex system of urban ecological economic structure,function and development of sustainability.Using the model,we calculated evolution of per capita ecological footprint and per capita ecological carrying capacity from 2000 to 2008 in Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster.The results showed that ecological footprint was increasing,the ecological capacity was wave development and decreased slightly,ecology deficit had the growth situation,sustainability evaluation index was higher than 0.5 and next to 1,so sustainable development conditions was worried.It is necessary to take the measures without delay.

  15. 大学生拓展旅游者认知行为差异研究--以长株潭地区为例%Study on Cognitive Behavior and Specialty Difference of Undergraduates in Outbound Tourism--- A Case of Chang - Zhu - Tan Urban

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪婷

    2013-01-01

      拓展旅游,作为一种新型的专项旅游产品,其专业的项目设计和独特的产品组合形式,正符合当代以90后为主体的大学生对素质和能力的要求,成为拓展旅游经营商的主要细分市场。采取抽样调查法,对长株潭地区478名在校大学生进行问卷调查,分析其对现有拓展旅游产品的消费态度、出游动机、限制因素等认知行为,并对不同专业大学生的认知差异进行比较。研究发现,大学生选择拓展旅游产品的首要动机为增强团队意识、提高综合素质、增强自信心、磨炼意志、激发潜能等以完善自我为主的因素,对拓展旅游产品的安全度及教练素质的担忧成为限制其选择的主要因素,并且不同专业的大学生对具体拓展旅游项目的选择存在一定差异性。%  Outbound tourism is considered as a novel special tourism product . Due to its professional design and unique combination form of product , outbound tourism can meet the quality and ability requirements of undergraduates that are birth after 1990s , as well as become main market segments in tourism .Based on spot check ,478 students were checked by the way of questionnaire in the areas of Chang- Zhu -Tan and their cognitive behaviors ,such as consumption attitude ,travel motivation ,constraints and so on ,on tourism products were analyzed .After this ,the cognitive difference was also compared among undergraduates in different specialty . It could be concluded that the first motivation for undergraduates to choose the outbound tourism products was determined by perfecting self - oriented factors , such as enhancing team spirit ,improving the overall quality ,enhancing self - confidence ,tempering will ,stimulating potential and so on .On the contrary , the great anxiety on safety of outbound tourism products and quality of coachers restricted undergraduates to take part in outbound tourism ,and then the choice of

  16. Preaching for the Imperial Examination:The Goals and Ideals of Building College in Southern Song Dynasty——on Neo-Confucians Zhu Xi and Zhang Shi%讲道以化科举:南宋书院建设的目标与理想——以朱熹、张栻等理学家为中心的讨论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓洪波

    2011-01-01

    南宋时期,针对相当一部分士人在国家与民族命运危急关头表现出来的廉耻之心丧失殆尽的问题,以朱熹和张栻为代表的理学家认为科举制度到了改革、社会到了重建伦常、用新的价值观念维系世道民心的时候了,他们以其特有的社会责任感,承担起"讲道""传道"的历史使命,掀起了书院复兴运动,以讲道而化科举为建设书院的目标和理想。其"讲道"大要在"续洙泗之正传",而"淑诸人者",无外乎为"忠君、孝亲、诚身、信友,用则泽及天下,不用则无愧俯仰,如是而已"。至于讲学的内容,则各家各派已呈现不同特色,张栻、朱熹的长处是"天理人欲之分"之剖析彰明;而"喻义喻利之论"敷阐精至,则是陆九渊的强项。%In Southern Song Dynasty,there were a considerable part of scholars bankrupt in their sense of honor when the destiny of the nation was in danger.Some Neo-Confucians represented by Zhu Xi and Zhang Shi thought it was the high time to reform the Imperial Examination,to rebuild moral human relations and to reassure the people with a brand new value.They had their unique sense of social responsibility to undertake the historic mission such as preaching and sermon,so they had launched the movement of reviving the college,regarding preaching as a path to the goals and ideals of the College construction.The spirit of their preaching was to inherit the enlightening influence of Kong Zi including kindness to others,nothing more than king-loyalty filial piety,honesty and reliance,and the ideas that he could do great help to the people when appointed or he would not regret for not being appointed.As for the content of their preaching,different sects show different characteristics,among which the advantages of Zhang Shi and Zhu Xi are their analysis of the distinction between the truth and human desire and the theory of elaborating justice and benefit is very clear and

  17. 从人物角色看网络游戏对小说文学性的消解——以小说《诛仙》及其同名网络游戏为例%Digestion of Novels' Literariness from the Perspective of Online Games' Characters——Taking the novel Zhu Xian and the online game of the same name as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张贺军; 刘胜枝

    2012-01-01

    The novel adapted for online game can not only broaden the communication channels and scope of the novel, but also increase the cultural connotation and creativity. However, fictions and online games vary greatly in many aspects, such as the characters images, Xian and its online game of the same name as an on the differences of characterization, and delves how online game changes the novel's literariness. the characters fate, values and so on. Taking the novel Zhu example, this paper compares the fiction with the online game into the reasons for the differences, and furthermore explores%小说改编为网络游戏既能够增加小说的传播渠道与范围,又为网络游戏增加了文化内涵与创造力。但小说与网络游戏在人物形象、人物命运、价值追求等方面存在着迥然的差异。以小说《诛仙》及其同名改编网络游戏为研究案例,具体比较小说与网络游戏之间在人物形象塑造上的差异,并阐述产生这种差异的原因,从而探索网络游戏是如何对小说文学性形成消解过程和形式。

  18. 陈水扁又玩"三通"牌%Editorial: Chen Shui-bian Playing the "Three Links" Card Again

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    @@ 早就料到陈水扁会再玩"三通"牌. 果不其然,8月13日,陈水扁抛出两岸三阶段直航时程表,紧接着,8月15日,台湾"行政院"公布"两岸直航技术评估报告",紧锣密鼓,一副煞有介事之状,台湾媒体跟着炒作,然而不知相信者有几人?

  19. 加味苓桂术甘汤联合短期极低热量饮食治疗脾虚痰湿型高脂血症合并脂肪肝的临床研究%Clinical research of modified ling-gui-zhu-gan decoction combined with short-term very-low-calorie-diet in treatment of hyperlipidemia combined with fatty liver (splenic hypofunction and dampness accumulation type)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯斌; 师林; 张俊杰; 孟君; 陈丁生; 秦鉴

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察加味芩桂术甘汤联合短期极低热量饮食治疗脾虚痰湿型高脂血症合并脂肪肝的临床疗效.方法:115例高脂血症合并脂肪肝患者随机分为两组,治疗组65例,用加味苓桂术甘汤联合短期极低热量饮食治疗.对照组50例,用洛伐他汀治疗,两组疗程均为3个月.观察两组患者治疗前后临床疗效、血脂、转氨酶、体质指数(BMI)、血液流变学变化.结果:两组治疗后治疗组总有效率89.23%,对照组总有效率80.00%.治疗组临床疗效明显优于对照组(P<0.05);两组治疗后TC、TG、LDL、ALT、AST较治疗前明显下降(P<0.05),且治疗组治疗后TC、TG、LDL、ALT、AST、BMI较对照组下降显著(P<0.05);两组治疗前后全血粘度高切、全血粘度低切、还原粘度高切、红细胞聚集指数及纤维蛋白原均有改善(P<0.05),且治疗组全血粘度高切、红细胞聚集指数、纤维蛋白原较时照组明显好转(两组治疗后相比,P<0.05).结论:加味苓桂术甘汤联合短期极低热量治疗脾虚痰湿型高脂血症合并脂肪肝疗效明确.%Objective To observe the effects of modified Ling-Gui-Zhu-Gan decoction combined with short- term very low calorie diet (VLCD) for treatment of hyperlipidemia and fatty liver (splenic hypofunction and dampness accumulation type). Methods A total of 115 cases of hyperlipidemia and fatty liver were randomly divided into two groups .Treatment group (n = 65) was treated with modified Ling-Gui-Zhu-Gan decoction combined with short-term VLCD. Control group (n = 50) was treated with lovastatin. The therapeutic course lasted for 3 month. The changes of clinical efficacy, aminotransferase , body mass index (BMI) , blood lipids, hemorheology were observed before and after treatment. Results The total effective rate for patients in treatment group was 89.23%, and that was 80.00% in control group. The clinical efficacy of the treatment group was better than the control group (P < 0.05) .TC

  20. 基于超效率DEA模型的城市群生态效率研究——以长株潭“3+5”城市群为例%Urban Agglomerations Eco-efficiency Analysis Based on Super-efficienty DEA Model:Case Study of Chang-Zhu-Tan "3 + 5" Urban Agglomeration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付丽娜; 陈晓红; 冷智花

    2013-01-01

    Circular economy is an important model of regional sustainable development, eco-efficiency approach is a comparatatively appropriate quantitative methods for studying circular economy. Regarding to Chang-Zhu-Tan ( Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan) "3 +5" urban agglomeration, this paper firstly establishes the input and output index system of eco-efficiency based on the DEA model, and calculates the efficiency in eight cities from 2005 to 2010 by using super-efficient DEA method, respectively. Then the dynamic comparative study of eco-efficiency has been done by using Malmquist-DEA model. The paper uses super-efficient DEA method to estimate the efficiency of the cities in 2005 -2010, and finally the Tobit model based on panel data has been developed to study the effect of the efficiency at different factors. The results showed the higher level of holistic eco-efficiency in urban agglomerations the larger differences among cities, Changsha is on the leading position of the provincial capital cities. By using Malmquist-DEA model analysis the results showed that the growth rates of total factor eco-efficiency TFP value are always larger than 1 , with an average annual growth rate of 12. 6% . The further decomposition of growth rates indicates that the technical progress is the major power to promote the growth rate of eco-efficiency, but the decline of the overall and pure technical efficiency is the bottleneck factor of restricting TPF ascension. At the last, the results of using factor analysis of eco-efficiency in provinces showed that the industrial structures, R&D strength had a significant positive impact to eco-effciency, but the introduction of foreign capitals has a negative effect to the eco-effciency. The development of technology is the internal driving force to a improvement of the ecological efficiency.%循环经济是区域实现可持续发展的重要模式,生态效率方法是研究循环经济比较适合的定量方法.本文以长株潭“3+5”城市

  1. “让理念照进现实”:探究青奥会成功之道--专访2014年南京青奥组委会总体策划部朱华林部长%“Ideals into Reality ":Exploring Success of Youth Olympic Games---Interveiw with ZHU Hua -lin,the Secretary of Corporate Planning Department,Nanjing Youth O-lympic Games Organizing Committee

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王成

    2014-01-01

    With the close of Nanjing Asian Youth Games ,2014 Nanjing Youth Olympic Games have been in close proximity after careful preparation more than four years .During the final stage of organization ,people become more and more con-cerned about following subjects :what work still needs attention ,how to implement frugal idea ,how to play the continuity and longevity of the Cultural and Educational Program ,how to layout the YOG’s events ,how to plan and implement herit-age after the Games .With regards to those issues ,the author taked an exclusive interview with ZHU Hua -lin ,the Secre-tary of Corporate Planning Department ,2014 Nanjing Youth Olympic Games Organizing Committee ,to explore and pros-pect organizing vision and principles of Nanjing YOG .The issues of this interview are as follows :the organization process and focuses at present ;organizing philosophy and characteristics of Nanjing YOG ;design and implementation of Cultural and Educational Program ;events layout ;volunteerism Spiritual refinement ;sports city construction ;planning and assess-ment after the Games ,and YOG legacy .%历经4年多的精心筹备,随着南京亚青会的圆满落幕,2014年南京青奥会已近在咫尺。在筹办的最后阶段,有哪些工作仍需注意,节俭理念如何落实,文化与教育活动如何发挥出持续性和长久性,青奥项目比赛如何布局,赛后遗产如何规划实施等问题,日益引起人们的关注和思考。为此,《体育与科学》杂志编辑部与南京青奥组委会总体策划部朱华林部长进行专访,就现阶段南京青奥会的筹办进程与重点、南京青奥会的办会理念与特色、文化与教育活动的设计与实施、比赛项目布局、志愿精神提炼、体育名城建设、赛后规划评估以及青奥遗产理念等问题展开访谈,展望青奥筹办愿景,探讨青奥办会之道。

  2. 长株潭三市生态足迹及其对经济增长的影响——兼论“两型社会”试验区生态建设方略%Effect of ecological footprint on economic growth of Chang-zhu-tang city cluster: Simultaneous comment on the ecological construction of "dual-model society" trial area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨友; 冯国禄; 邹冬生; 刘长生

    2011-01-01

    Based on panel data of Chang-zhu-tang "dual-model society" from 1978 to 2010, using ecological footprint model and classical economic growth model, the article analyzes the yearly changing rule of ecological footprint as well as the inner affecting relation between economic growth and productive factors for human capital, physical capital and ecological capital. This paper obtains the main results as follows: Ecological footprints in these three areas are very great, and all take on the changing rule of increasing by degrees; the proportion of energy ecological footprint in ecological footprint is comparatively big, and there is a positive relation between ecological footprint and economic growth, however, these effects take on a distinct differences among Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtang city.%基于“两型社会”试验区长沙、株洲、湘潭三市1978--2010年度的面板数据,利用生态足迹修正模型,测算其生态足迹的年度变化规律,并将生态资源作为一种社会资本融人到社会生产函数中,利用经典的经济增长模型分析人力资本、实物资本、生态足迹等相关生产要素与经济增长之间的内在影响关系。结果表明:试验区中三个地区的生态足迹值相对较大,都呈现出递增的变化规律,能源生态足迹占生态足迹的比重相对较大,生态足迹和经济增长之间呈现正向关系,但这种变化规律在不同经济发展区域呈现出显著的地区差异性。

  3. Research on Foreign Background and Musical Thought of Teng Gu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Zhang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available TENG Gu is a famous art historian in Republic of China. Together with early Chinese scholars studying abroad like ZONG Bai-hua, ZHU Guang-qian, DENG Yi-zhe, MA Cai and FU Bao-shi, he constructed a framework of early Chinese Art. We still know his influence after a century. In his artistic thought, the essential music idea occupies 1/3.He had given music the highest position among all arts and cultures. In his view, culture won’t have any value if art is removed. And all arts follow the rhythm of music.

  4. 谈《马氏文通》到《新著国语文法》前中国的语法研究(下)--纪念劭西师《新著国语文法》出版九十年%Chinese Grammar Study:from"MaShiWenTong"(《马氏文通》)to"XinZhuGuoYuWenFa"(《新著国语文法》)(Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙良明

    2015-01-01

    1898《马氏文通》到1924《新著国语文法》前中国语法研究分两个阶段。本文上篇谈前段“词本位”体系文法,已发表于本刊总第19辑。这里属下篇,谈后段“句本位”体系文法。“句本位”体系文法初建的原因和条件:国语运动的胜利,代替文言成为正式书面语;国外语言学类型理论、重句法文法体系引进,文法研究方法和文法与逻辑关系探索。所建体系基本内容:文法研究重视句中词的位置次序,以句子的结构和类型研究为重点。分词法(词类)、句法两部门,前者为后者服务;文法单位有词、语、句三级。词类继承前段研究分九品,继用“假借”说,说明词的转类;提出按句法成分位置辨分词品。句子整体结构分主语谓语:主语可含形容性附加语;谓语可含副词性附加语,谓语动词可带宾语、足语;谓语形容词和同动词后成分是表语。谈说句成分所任词语种类、变化和句子结构简式、复式及相互转化。认识句法结构蕴含语义关系并注意二者的结合分析。句子类型,按组织结构分单句、复句;按语气分直述句、疑问句、祈使句、感叹句。用表格法、图解法显示文法分析结果。行文有“附则”、“注意”,配合正文又适合教学需要。书后附标点符号用法,表现语法与标点符号关系密切;也反映新文化运动胜利,国语代替文言的一个成果。“句本位”文法体系的初建,是1922—1923年多位学者多年辛苦探索的成果;也为由《马氏文通》“词本位”科学体系发展为《新著》“句本位”科学体系奠定了基础。%From 1898’s“MaShiWenTong”(《马氏文通》)to 1924’s“XinZhu GuoYuWenFa”(《新著国语文法》), Chinese grammar study is divided into two stages. The first part of this article talks about the first stage: the generation of word based

  5. A Textual Research of the Biography of the Loyal and Righteous Persons of Song History%《宋史·忠义传》考辨二则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙廷林; 王元林

    2015-01-01

    The eight biographies of Zhu Zhao,Sun Yi,and Zhang Zhongfu,etc. in "the Biography of the Loyal and Righteous Persons of Song History" originate from Zhu Bian's "the Memorial to the Throne of Zhu Zhao Loyalty". Since much of "the Memorial" comes from rumors,there are quite many mistakes about the loyalties in "the Memorial". Therefore,the Zhang Zhongfu in "Loyalty Three" of Vol.448 is actually the same person as the Zhang Hongfu in "Loyalty Seven" of Vol.452,and the right should be Zhang Hongfu.%《宋史·忠义传》中朱昭、孙益、张忠辅等八人的史源是朱弁《上朱昭等忠义奏疏》.鉴于朱弁多得自传闻,故其《奏疏》记述忠义之士颇有讹误.其中《宋史》卷四四八《忠义三》之张忠辅,与同书卷四五二《忠义七·李翼传》之张洪辅,确为一人,当以张洪辅为正.

  6. A Study of the Kunlun-Qilian-Qinling Suture System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    geochemistry. Tel: (010) 62008058: E-mail:bianqt @igcas.igcas.ac.cn. References:[1]Integrated Scientific Expedition to the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2000. Geological Evolution of the Karakorum and Kunlun Mountains. Beijing: Science Press, 393-513 (in Chinese).[2]Bian Qiantao, Lin Chuanyong and Shi Lanbin, 1995. Microstruracmral features of metaperidotites in Küda, Western Kunlun, China. Scientia Geologica Sinica, 30 (3): 275-282 (in Chinese with English abstract).[3]Bian Qiantao, Chang Chengfa and Zheng Xianshen, 1997. Basic geotectonic characteristics of the Hoh Xil region of Qinghai Province, China. Scientia Geologica Sinica, 32(1): 37-46 (in Chinese with English abstract).[4]Bian Qiantao, Luo Xiaoquan, Li Dihui et al., 1999a. Zircon U-Pb age of granodiorite-tonalite in the Anyemaqen ophiolitic belt and its tectonic significance. Scientica Geologica Sinica, 34 (4): 420-426 (in Chinese with English abstract).[5]Bian Qiantao, Luo Xiaoquan, Li Hongsheng et al., 1999b. Discovery of Early Palaeozoic and Early Carboniferous-Early Permian ophiolites in the A'nyemaqen Mrs., Qinghai Province, China. Scientia Geologica Sinica (English edition), 8(3): 437-438.[6]Bian Qiantao, Yin Leiming, Sun Shufen et al., 200la. Discovery of Ordovician acritarchs in Buqingshan ophiolite mélange, East Kunlun Mountains, and its significance. Chinese Science Bulletin (English edition), 46(4): 341-345.[7]Bian Qiantao, Luo Xiaoquan, Li Dihui, Zhao Dasheng et al., 200lb. Geochemistry and formation environment of the Buqingshan ophiolite mélange, Qinghai Province, China. Acta Geologica Sinica, 75 (1): 45-55 (in Chinese with English abstract).[8]Cao Yongqing, Luo Zhaohua, Deng Jinfu et al., 1999. Palaeozoic volcanic activities and tectonic evolution of the Eastern Kunlun Mountains - the northern margin of the Qaidam Basin. Geological Review, 45 (supplement): 1002-1009 (in Chinese with English abstract).[9]Cheng Guoliang, Sun Yuhang, Sun Qingge et al., 1995. Palaeomagnetic

  7. Beiwei ZHU%Optimization of Enzyme Extraction Conditions of Cordycepin Polysaccharide Using Response Surface Methodology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong AN; Beiwei ZHU

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] This study aimed to optimize extraction from the leftover of Cordyceps militaris the conditions for polysaccharide culture medium. [Method] Firstly the compositions of C. militaris culture medium were detected, before the cordycepin polysaccharide in medium was extracted using enzymatic hydrolysis. The optimum hydrolytic enzyme was selected through single factor test. Then, the extraction tem- perature, pH, enzyme content and solid-liquid ratio were optimized by response sur- face methodology, and confirmed by mathematical simulation. [Result] Acid hydrolytic enzyme was the optimum for extracting polysaccharides from the leftover of C. mili- taris culture medium. The optimum extraction conditions were as follows: extraction temperature 39.89 ℃, solid-liquid ratio 1:75.78, enzyme content 2.39% and pH 3.12. Under these conditions, the extraction rate of polysaccharides reached 9.96%. [Con- clusion] The study could provide a certain theoretical direction for extracting polysac- charities from the leftover of C. mliltaris culture medium on a large scale.

  8. Zhu Mengyi's Lobby Route%流言中的朱孟依

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄秋蔫

    2009-01-01

    “朱孟依可能是有点麻烦,但是问题不大,应该能化解。”在传出合生创展(0754.HK)董事局主席朱盂依因牵涉黄光裕案而被警方限制出境的新闻之后,记者采访的多位资本界及地产行业高层均做出如此判断。

  9. On Zhu Xi's I-Ching studies%论朱熹之易学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史善刚

    2007-01-01

    朱熹之易学,以其特有的易学风格,在中国易学史上占有着重要的地位;朱熹易学之价值,在于他把易学看成是一门变易的学问,即所谓的"尚其变".通过对朱熹易说的几个独具特色的探讨,揭示朱熹易学中的辩证法因素,及他在易学上所取得的卓越成就;同时,亦指出朱熹易学和哲学思想上的不足,以及他所处历史条件的局限性.

  10. Discrimination on the Chu's Deng and Cai's Deng in the Chunqiu Zuozhuanzhu%《春秋左传注》蔡“邓”、楚“邓”辨析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世佳

    2011-01-01

    春秋时期,以邓命名的地区概有2个:一个是蔡国邓地(简称蔡"邓"),一个是楚国邓县(即古邓国,简称楚"邓")。《左传》鲁成公九年(前582年)载:"郑伯会楚公子成于邓。"关于此条记载,杨伯峻指出郑、楚两国相会之邓为楚"邓"。但通过对蔡"邓"、楚"邓"地望的准确界定,并结合对春秋时期晋楚两国争霸形势及楚国会盟人员公子成身份的详细分析,可以断定杨伯峻的考释有误,鲁成公九年郑、楚相会地点当在蔡"邓"。%In the Spring and Autumn Period,there were two regions called Deng(邓).One is Cai's Deng(蔡"邓"),the other is Chu's Deng(楚"邓").ZhengCheng Gong(郑成公) met Gong Zi Cheng(公子成) at the Deng(邓),which was recorded in Zuo Zhuan entitled the 9th year of LuCheng Gong(582 BC).On this issue,Yang Bojun(杨伯峻),the well-known historian,believe that the Deng(邓) where they met is Chu's Deng(楚"邓").However,by detailed analysis of the Cai's Deng(蔡"邓") and Chu's Deng(楚"邓"),combined with hegemony situation in the Spring and Autumn Period,with the status of Gong Zi Cheng(公子成),the author believe that Yang Bojun's argument is wrong,where two countries met is Cai's Deng(蔡"邓") at 582 BC.

  11. Global Tire Market Restore Difficultly Deng Haiyan Special Attention%全球轮胎市场艰难爬坡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓海燕

    2010-01-01

    @@ 据2009年12月17日报道:法国米其林集团公司已在其网站公布11月份轮胎市场数据.该数据表明,尽管与2008年11月份相比,总的市场需求仍然疲软,但已经看到一个缓慢的持续性复苏过程.特别值得注意的是,2009年11月份轿车轮胎销售量在世界配套(OE segment)、售后(replacement segment)两大市场均表现为同比正增长.

  12. "三个代表"与邓小平理论%"Three Representations" and Deng Xiaoping Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张群喜

    2001-01-01

    江泽民提出的"三个代表"与邓小平理论有着密切联系.可以说,邓小平理论是"三个代表"的直接理论来源:邓小平的党建理论是"三个代表"的生长点和有力指导;邓小平"三个有利于"的思维视角启迪了"三个代表";邓小平的"科学技术是第一生产力"的光辉思想孕育了"三个代表";邓小平关于两个文明协调发展的思想为"三个代表"提供了理论范式和方法论指导.

  13. A STUDY OF DENG XIAOPING'S THOUGHT OF DISARMAMENT%邓小平裁军思想研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩仁武; 严佳; 徐晓华

    2004-01-01

    文章对邓小平裁军思想的发展历程进行了考察,分析了邓小平裁军思想形成的条件,从三个方面总结了邓小平裁军思想的主要观点,在此基础上就做好当前裁军工作提出了几点建议.

  14. 伟人的生日

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    法满; 李江松

    2005-01-01

    A Chinese soldier walks past a portrait of China's late leader Deng Xiaoping on July 27.2004 at a free exhibit on Deng's life .Deng's eldest daughter Deng Lin took most of the pictures on display.August 22,2004 is the 100th anniversary of Deng Xiaoping birth.

  15. 1,2-Bis(imino)acenaphthene complexes of molybdenum and nickel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedushkin, Igor L; Skatova, Alexandra A; Lukoyanov, Anton N; Khvoinova, Nalalie M; Piskunov, Alexander V; Nikipelov, Alexander S; Fukin, Georgy K; Lysenko, Konstantin A; Irran, Elisabeth; Schumann, Herbert

    2009-06-28

    Molybdenum hexacarbonyl reacts with 1,2-bis[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino]acenaphthene (, dpp-BIAN) and 1,2-bis[(trimethylsilyl)imino]acenaphthene (, tms-BIAN) in toluene to produce (dpp-BIAN)Mo(CO)(4) () and (tms-BIAN)Mo(CO)(4) (), respectively. The reaction of [CpNi(CO)](2) with yields (dpp-BIAN)NiCp (). Metathesis between Li(2)(tms-BIAN) and NiCl(2)(dppe) affords the Ni(0) complex (tms-BIAN)Ni(dppe) (). The diamagnetic compounds , and have been characterized by (1)H, (29)Si and (31)P NMR spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The ESR spectrum of the paramagnetic compound indicates the presence of Ni(i) coordinated by Cp and a neutral dpp-BIAN ligand. The molecular structures of have been determined by single-crystal X-ray analysis.

  16. Adaptive behavior of a redox-active gallium carbenoid in complexes with molybdenum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedushkin, Igor L; Sokolov, Vladimir G; Piskunov, Alexander V; Makarov, Valentine M; Baranov, Eugeny V; Abakumov, Gleb A

    2014-09-11

    A gallium(I) carbenoid derived from redox-active diimine 1,2-bis[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino]acenaphthene (dpp-bian) in complexes with molybdenum may serve either as a neutral [(dpp-bian)Ga:] or an anionic [(dpp-bian)Ga:](-) two-electron donor depending on the electronic state of the transition metal.

  17. The ligand redox behavior and role in 1,2-bis[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino]-acenaphthene nickel-TMA(MAO) systems for ethylene polymerization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Wei; Xin, Lan; Hao, Zhiqiang; Li, Guodong; Su, Ji-Hu; Zhou, Lijing; Mu, Ying

    2015-04-25

    The BIAN ligands in Brookhart catalysts were proved to be redox-active during the catalyst activation with alkylaluminum or MAO, and the neutral catalytically active species with a radical anionic BIAN rather than the cationic ones with a neutral BIAN ligand were confirmed to be formed in the catalytic system.

  18. Treatment of Asthma by Zhu Guoqiang%朱国强哮喘病辨治六法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡赟

    2015-01-01

    朱国强治疗哮喘病多采用散寒清肺法、温肾祛寒法、补血活血法、通上填下法、益气养阴法、补血益阳固本法等六法.临证特点有:不忘病机为外邪触动内饮,病久必有瘀血;不必全从治标,不必全恃扶正;重生活调息,日常调护.

  19. Determination of sulphite in Zhu Sun%竹荪中亚硫酸盐含量的检测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟庆玉; 李志岭; 郭春丽

    2004-01-01

    竹荪又称竹参、竹笙,为鬼笔科竹荪属大型食用菌,在我国主要分布在云、贵、川三省。竹荪的子实体由菌盖、菌托、菌裙和菌柄组成,可食用的是菌裙和菌柄,分别呈网状和海绵状,均为白色。竹荪鲜美可口,质地脆嫩,香味浓郁,富含多种营养物质(蛋白质、脂肪、活性多糖、维生素等),素有“菌中皇后”。

  20. Forgeability of Wang-Zhu-Feng-Yau's Attribute-Based Signature with Policy-and-Endorsement Mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ai-Jun Ge; Xin-Yi Huang; Cheng Chen; Chuan-Gui Ma; Rui Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Recently,Wang et al.presented a new construction of attribute-based signature with policy-and-endorsement mechanism.The existential unforgeability of their scheme was claimed to be based on the strong Diffie-Hellman assumption in the random oracle model.Unfortunately,by carefully revisiting the design and security proof of Wang et al.'s scheme,we show that their scheme cannot provide unforgeability,namely,a forger,whose attributes do not satisfy a given signing predicate,can also generate valid signatures.We also point out the flaws in Wang et al.'s proof.

  1. 全国"城镇市政养护示范设施"扁鹊奖评选年内全面展开%The BianQue Prize (State Model Contest of Municipal Facilities) Will Hold in the Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ [本刊讯]2010年6月23日中国市政工程协会市政设施专业委员会向各会员单位发出通知,要求各单位按照的规定以及的具体安排,结合实际情况,认真贯彻落实,积极组织好参评设施申报、片区预审和评审工作.

  2. Explore New Areas of Genealogical Research——Mr. Bian Xiaoxuan and Genealogical Research%开拓谱牒文献研究的新领域——卞孝萱先生与家谱研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武黎嵩

    2010-01-01

    文史专家卞孝萱先生晚年利用公私收藏家谱文献,开拓新的研究领域,生前出版专著.卞先生利用家谱资料,对历史人物进行研究,补充常见传记文献的不足,使人们对历史人物的认识更加深刻,有助于知人论世.先生还利用多种文献学的方法,对家谱文献做了去伪存真的工作,为家谱研究作出典范.

  3. One Case Study about BIAN Song-jing's Treatment to Allergy Vasculitis by High Dosage of Shigao (Gypsum)%卞嵩京以大剂石膏治疗变应性血管炎一案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文恬

    2016-01-01

    分析卞嵩京治疗变应性血管炎一则验案及其用药特色,卞氏处大剂清热解毒,仿犀角地黄汤、四妙丸诸方加减,重用生石膏以清三焦气火实热而收获良效,此经验可为医者临证借鉴.

  4. Çokkutuplu dünyaya doğru ilerlerken uluslararası ilişkilerde denge politikası analizi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tacibayev Raşid IBRAHIMOG LU

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The United States which has played a major role in the fate of the bipolar international system during the Cold War, has remained as the main actor in shaping the international system, after the Cold War as well. To accept the US as the only superpower dir ects the world is one of the most popular issues. Today it is a great debate, whether multipolar or unipolar international system is more convenient to ensure the enduring peace and stability. To end this discussion we have to determine the impacts of the unipolar and the multipolar international systems on the world firstly, and examine the effects of the United States' politics in the structure and mechanism of the present international system secondly. This work investigates the foreign policy applied by the United States to maintain its leadership on one side, and the process of the balance policies towards the other great powers on the other side.

  5. 锦灯笼规范化栽培技术标准规程草案%Standard Operating Procedure Draft of Jin-Deng-Long Cultivation Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许亮; 谷丽艳; 杨燕云; 徐保利; 康廷国; 王冰

    2010-01-01

    锦灯笼为茄科植物酸菜Physalis alkekengi L.var.franchetii(Mast.)Makino的干燥宿萼或带果实的宿萼,是辽宁的一味地产药材,产量大、质量好.根据研究与种植实践经验,制定了"锦灯笼规范化生产技术标准规程草案".为规范锦灯笼的生产技术,提高锦灯笼的商品质量提供依据.

  6. The Scientific Ideology of Deng Xiao-ping's Peace Diplomacy%邓小平和平外交思想的科学体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王登龙

    2002-01-01

    本文从邓小平外交思想的前提、根本原则、基本准则、实现方式、目标和具体策略等五个方面论述了邓小平和平外交思想的科学体系.当前,研究和掌握邓小平和平外交思想的科学体系对于我国正确处理纷纭复杂的国际事务,正确制定外交政策,有重要的理论意义和实践意义.

  7. Deng Xiaoping's Brightness in the Theory System on Worker Movement%邓小平工运理论体系的若干亮点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵映林

    2004-01-01

    在过去的一个世纪,三位巨人改写了中国的历史:孙中山领导的辛亥革命结束了中国两千余年的封建专制历史“怪圈”,跳出了历史的周期率;以毛泽东为代表的中国共产党人领导中国人民推翻了三座大山,结束了中国一百多年的屈辱历史,正如人民所说:,没有毛泽东就没有新中

  8. 《带灯》:“说”出的乡村现代化之痛%DAI Deng: "speaks" out sufferings in modernization of countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张连义

    2014-01-01

    以《带灯》为样本,分析乡村现代化过程中的各种社会问题和各类人物的性格及命运.分析认为,《带灯》以樱镇综治办主任带灯的行动展示出乡村现代化的原始风貌,集中阐释了贾平凹关于小说即“说话”的理解,呈现出乡村现代化进程的各种矛盾;现代文明的入侵刺激了农民的私欲,暴露出转型期农村的各种问题,袒露出乡村现代化进程的伤痛.

  9. 邓小平与中华民族精神的弘扬和培育%Deng Xiaoping and the Nuture of Chinese National Spirit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丽萍

    2006-01-01

    改革开放和现代化建设的总设计师邓小平以无与伦比的丰功伟绩对中华民族的发展与进步作出了巨大的贡献.他积极倡导并身体力行地弘扬和培育中华民族精神,以闪光的思想、成功的实践和独特的人格魅力书写了弘扬和培育中华民族精神的新篇章.

  10. A Brief Comment on the Features of Deng Xiaoping's Economic and Ethic Thoughts%略论邓小平经济伦理思想的特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨立新

    2005-01-01

    邓小平经济伦理思想是邓小平理论体系中的一个重要组成部分.着重分析了邓小平经济伦理思想的三个重要特征:发展问题是邓小平经济伦理思想的主题;注重实务是邓小平经济伦理思想的取向;共同富裕是邓小平伦理思想的归宿.

  11. Coercion and Governance in China: Analyzing Civil-Military Relations in the Post-Deng Era Using Multiah Alagappa’s Analytical Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    recruitment processes, promotions and appointments of senior military leadership, military legal systems , and command and control structures. (3...appointments and rotations of high-level military personnel, defense budgets, and the military legal system .71 The CCP exercises civilian control... legal system has increasingly consolidated under civilian control. According to the PRC Constitution, military courts are placed under the ultimate

  12. On the Epistemic Logic of Deng Xiaoping's Notion on the Overall Situation%论邓小平大局观念的认识逻辑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋进; 王刚

    2006-01-01

    大局观念,是邓小平对中国特色社会主义建设实践中带有根本性、整体性和长期性问题的反映;其认识逻辑是从世界、中国、时空、改革和发展的政治环境、党和国家前途和命运的视角看大局.邓小平大局观念以辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义作为哲学基础,以什么是社会主义作为逻辑起点,以国际大局和国内大局作为逻辑展开,在国际大局和国内大局的基础上形成各方面具体工作的大局,并以实现中国特色社会主义现代化为逻辑归宿,形成了一个科学的逻辑结构并体现出理论的和实践的价值.

  13. The Value of Times on Deng Xiaoping's Concept of People- Oriented Politics%邓小平人本政治观的时代价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵志勋

    2008-01-01

    邓小平人本政治观体现在坚持人民群众主体地位,落实在坚持人民利益为政策制定出发点和归宿,目标是保证人民依法行使民主权利,奠定了新型执政观的理论基础,阐述了"为人民发展"的治国理念,形成了"以人民为本"的政治取向.

  14. 论邓小平公道正派用人观%On Deng Xiaoping's View of Being Just and Honest in Personnel Placement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢崇高

    2005-01-01

    公道正派用人,对于建设有中国特色的社会主义意义重大而深远.公道正派用人,必须树立全心全意为人民服务的思想,做到选人用人注意社会公论,同时注重培养和使用少数民族干部、妇女干部和党外人士干部,以切实提高执政能力,把最广大人民的根本利益实现好、维护好、发展好.

  15. How to Impress Knowlege on the students' Brains in Deng Xiaoping's Theory Class%在邓小平理论课中怎样实现"进脑"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹小平

    2001-01-01

    要加强邓小平理论课的学习效果,就必须通过以学生为主体、理论教学与社会实践相结合、拓宽教学领域、改变学生成绩评判方式和考试方法等来实现邓小平理论的"进脑".

  16. 邓小平思想政治教育方法研究%Deng Xiaoping's Methodology of Educating Thought and Politics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫秋婵

    2007-01-01

    邓小平在领导中国革命和建设的长期实践中,不断总结经验,改革创新,创造性地提出了一系列思想政治教育的基本方法,这些方法有:透彻说理、从容讨论的方法,联系实际、实事求是的方法,尊重群众、走群众路线的方法,以身作则、典型示范的方法,批评与自我批评的方法,坚持精神鼓励与物质利益相结合的方法.

  17. A Brief Talk on the Disarmament Thought of Deng Xiaoping%浅谈邓小平的裁军思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷立明; 黄秀山

    2004-01-01

    随着党和国家工作重点的转移和国际形势的相对缓和,为了加强我军现代化、正规化建设,邓小平主张裁减军队员额,并在长期的军队建设实践中逐步形成了自己的裁军思想.邓小平的裁军思想是邓小平军队建设思想的重要组成部分,其主要内容有:裁减机关、充实基层;以裁减干部为主,逐步实现军队年轻化;裁减陆军,加强海、空军等技术军兵种的建设;大力裁减非战斗人员,提高部队战斗力.

  18. 《歧路灯》命运之"难"%A Difficult Journey——The Destiny of Qi Lu Deng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙振杰; 卓俊科

    2006-01-01

    在中国古典小说史上的地位是尴尬的:100年前鲜有人知,80年前昙花一现,20年前火红满天,如今却是鸡肋一片.这种遭际一方面缘于它自身的文学性,另一方面缘于我们 "类型期待"的失当,还有一个则是我们对儒学思想的现代性再认识.

  19. Chinese Civil-Military Relations in the Post-Deng Era: Implications for Crisis Management and Naval Modernization (China Maritime Study, Number 4)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Gulf War showed how large the technological gap had become between the most advanced militaries and the PLA, a gap that could be narrowed only by...technologies– based network and software) to narrow the technological gap with the more advanced militaries of the world. This led to the CMC’s endorsement

  20. On Deng Xiaoping's Thinking Route of Political Power Legitimization%邓小平的政权合法化思路述析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王庆利

    2005-01-01

    改革开放以来,邓小平在深刻把握国情和世情的基础上,努力把马克思主义基本原理与中国实际相结合,充分尊重民众的现实心态,在建设意识形态、维持经济绩效、改革政治体制和提升政治素质这四个层面上构建了自己的政权合法化思路,取得了显著的社会效益.全面而系统地理解邓小平的政权合法化思路对于人们科学认识当代中国的政治发展历程具有重要的指导意义.

  1. 论邓小平的人民民主专政思想%On Deng Xiaoping's Thought on People's Democratic Dictatorship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙云龙

    2002-01-01

    邓小平继承了我国人民民主专政的基本成果,结合当代中国的现实国情和改革开放的创新实践,解释了人民民主专政的主要内涵,扩大了人民民主专政的社会基础,阐述了人民民主专政的历史使命,丰富和发展了人民民主专政理论.

  2. Ligand "Brackets" for Ga-Ga Bond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedushkin, Igor L; Skatova, Alexandra A; Dodonov, Vladimir A; Yang, Xiao-Juan; Chudakova, Valentina A; Piskunov, Alexander V; Demeshko, Serhiy; Baranov, Evgeny V

    2016-09-06

    The reactivity of digallane (dpp-Bian)Ga-Ga(dpp-Bian) (1) (dpp-Bian = 1,2-bis[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino]acenaphthene) toward acenaphthenequinone (AcQ), sulfur dioxide, and azobenzene was investigated. The reaction of 1 with AcQ in 1:1 molar ratio proceeds via two-electron reduction of AcQ to give (dpp-Bian)Ga(μ2-AcQ)Ga(dpp-Bian) (2), in which diolate [AcQ](2-) acts as "bracket" for the Ga-Ga bond. The interaction of 1 with AcQ in 1:2 molar ratio proceeds with an oxidation of the both dpp-Bian ligands as well as of the Ga-Ga bond to give (dpp-Bian)Ga(μ2-AcQ)2Ga(dpp-Bian) (3). At 330 K in toluene complex 2 decomposes to give compounds 3 and 1. The reaction of complex 2 with atmospheric oxygen results in oxidation of a Ga-Ga bond and affords (dpp-Bian)Ga(μ2-AcQ)(μ2-O)Ga(dpp-Bian) (4). The reaction of digallane 1 with SO2 produces, depending on the ratio (1:2 or 1:4), dithionites (dpp-Bian)Ga(μ2-O2S-SO2)Ga(dpp-Bian) (5) and (dpp-Bian)Ga(μ2-O2S-SO2)2Ga(dpp-Bian) (6). In compound 5 the Ga-Ga bond is preserved and supported by dithionite dianionic bracket. In compound 6 the gallium centers are bridged by two dithionite ligands. Both 5 and 6 consist of dpp-Bian radical anionic ligands. Four-electron reduction of azobenzene with 1 mol equiv of digallane 1 leads to complex (dpp-Bian)Ga(μ2-NPh)2Ga(dpp-Bian) (7). Paramagnetic compounds 2-7 were characterized by electron spin resonance spectroscopy, and their molecular structures were established by single-crystal X-ray analysis. Magnetic behavior of compounds 2, 5, and 6 was investigated by superconducting quantum interference device technique in the range of 2-295 K.

  3. Digallane with redox-active diimine ligand: dualism of electron-transfer reactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedushkin, Igor L; Skatova, Alexandra A; Dodonov, Vladimir A; Chudakova, Valentina A; Bazyakina, Natalia L; Piskunov, Alexander V; Demeshko, Serhiy V; Fukin, Georgy K

    2014-05-19

    The reactivity of digallane (dpp-Bian)Ga-Ga(dpp-Bian) (1), which consists of redox-active ligand 1,2-bis[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino]acenaphthene (dpp-Bian), has been studied. The reaction of 1 with I2 proceeds via one-electron oxidation of each of two dpp-Bian ligands to a radical-anionic state and affords complex (dpp-Bian)IGa-GaI(dpp-Bian) (2). Dissolution of complex 2 in pyridine (Py) gives monomeric compound (dpp-Bian)GaI(Py) (3) as a result of a solvent-induced intramolecular electron transfer from the metal-metal bond to the dpp-Bian ligands. Treatment of compound 3 with B(C6F5)3 leads to removal of pyridine and restores compound 2. The reaction of compound 1 with 3,6-di-tert-butyl-ortho-benzoquinone (3,6-Q) proceeds with oxidation of all the redox-active centers in 1 (the Ga-Ga bond and two dpp-Bian dianions) and results in mononuclear catecholate (dpp-Bian)Ga(Cat) (4) (Cat = [3,6-Q](2-)). Treatment of 4 with AgBF4 gives a mixture of [(dpp-Bian)2Ag][BF4] (5) and (dpp-Bian)GaF(Cat) (6), which both consist of neutral dpp-Bian ligands. The reduction of benzylideneacetone (BA) with 1 generates the BA radical-anions, which dimerize, affording (dpp-Bian)Ga-(BA-BA)-Ga(dpp-Bian) (7). In this case the Ga-Ga bond remains unchanged. Within 10 min at 95 °C in solution compound 7 undergoes transformation to paramagnetic complex (dpp-Bian)Ga(BA-BA) (8) and metal-free compound C36H40N2 (9). The latter is a product of intramolecular addition of the C-H bond of one of the iPr groups to the C═N bond in dpp-Bian. Diamagnetic compounds 3, 5, 6, and 9 have been characterized by NMR spectroscopy, and paramagnetic complexes 2, 4, 7, and 8 by ESR spectroscopy. Molecular structures of 2-7 and 9 have been established by single-crystal X-ray analysis.

  4. Xanthogranulomatous prostatitis with prostato-rectal fistula: a case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xing L

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Liyong Xing, Zhifei Liu, Gang Deng, Huan Wang, Yanfeng Zhu, Peng Shi, Bingyue Huo, Yindong Li Department of Urology, Tangshan People’s Hospital, Tangshan, People’s Republic of China Purpose: Xanthogranulomatous prostatitis (XP is a rare form of nonspecific granulomatous prostatitis that can clinically mimic high-grade prostatic carcinoma. It is difficult to diagnose it definitely in clinical settings. Methods: We report a case of XP with prostate-rectal fistula and review the relevant literatures. Result: A 75-year-old man presented with rectal bleeding when he urinated. A locally advanced carcinoma of prostate was suspected initially following the physical, imaging, and hematologic examinations. Subsequently on histopathological and immunohistochemical staining after needle biopsy of the prostate, a diagnosis of XP was made definitely. The patient was catheterized temporarily and treated with tamsulosin and estrogen. The patient underwent uneventful recovery after this conservative therapy. Conclusion: Histologic and immunohistochemical analyses are valuable in differentially diagnosing XP from high-grade prostate carcinoma. Treatment strategy of XP in principle is recommended to be the conservative method. Long-term follow-up earns are highly regarded considering the possibility of coexisting prostate cancer. Keywords: xanthogranulomatous prostatitis, prostate-rectal fistula

  5. The Psychological Analysis on the Duality of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang's Law Awareness%朱元璋法律意识二重性心理探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜晓萍

    1996-01-01

    @@ 一 透过朱元璋的立法和司法活动,我们不难发现,朱元璋的法律意识中存在着十分明显的二重性,集中体现为既坚持以法立国,又大搞法外用刑;既主张恤刑、慎刑,又大搞重典治吏;既重视礼的教化作用,又强调法的威慑力.

  6. 朱光潜的文学、美学修辞论%Zhu Guang-qian's theory of literary and aethetical rhetoric

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗廷虎

    2006-01-01

    朱光潜一生在撰写多本文学、美学论著时,也发表有关语言应用的众多观点.他对思想和语言的这密不可分、对白话文的运用(尤其是中西白话、文言比较)、对理解修辞、对恰当安排字句等均有独到的见解.

  7. Bya rog prog zhu, The raven crest : the life and teachings of bDe chen 'od gsal rdo rje treasure revealer of contemporary Tibet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terrone, Antonio

    2010-01-01

    This research starts from the historical assertion that notwithstanding their claim of increased religious tolerance, the dramatic post-Mao political campaigns have continued to weaken the pervasive force of religious faith, traditional monastery-centered religious power, religious leadership, and e

  8. 沙河市金珠铁矿治理方案分析%Analysis of the treatment plan to the sha-he Jin Zhu iron ore

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高生平; 崔阳; 魏莹莹

    2013-01-01

    为矿山矿业开发、地质环境保护与治理恢复提供重要的科学依据,以期同时实现矿产资源的合理开发利用及矿山地质环境的有效保护,为矿山矿业经济和社会经济的可持续发展服务。%For the sustainable development of mine economy,we provide important scientific basis for the mine development and geological environment protection and governance,so as to realize the reasonable development and utilization of mineral resources and the effective protection of geological environment at the same time.

  9. 朱熹论居敬工夫与身心互动%Zhu Xi's Theory on Sincerity in Research & Mental and Phsical Wellbeing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱汉民

    2006-01-01

    在儒家传统道德思想中,“心”的精神修炼与“身”的形体训练是一种什么关系?它们之间哪一个更加重要?探讨二者的关系对现代道德教育有着重要启示。

  10. 由《雪豹》中的竹下俊看武士道精神%On the Bushido by Zhu Xiajun in Snow Leopard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭慧

    2011-01-01

    2010年上映的电视剧《雪豹》,是一部描述全民族抗日战争奋斗史的影片,其中塑造了一个谦卑真诚,有武士修养的形象——竹下俊.他敬佩对手,甚至不惜牺牲自己.做人,他谦卑真诚,极富修养;待友,他示人以仁,极富真诚;从军,他冷血多智、极富意志.《雪豹》对日本军人形象的塑造更加客观,日军在华的罪行不容抹灭,但是日军的一些优秀的品质也是我们应该了解的.通过分析《雪豹》中竹下俊这一人物形象的性格特点及社会背景,以此来探讨日本的武士道精神,对于我们学习和研究日本文化具有一定的参考价值.

  11. THE ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES OF EASTERN AND WESTERN WOMENS IMAGES IN LIANG SANBO YU ZHU YINGTAI AND ROMEO AND JULIET NOVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yenny

    2010-10-01

    images between those two decades It can be concluded that in both writings, they have some similarities when describing love, mindset, and women's personality. The differences are about education, marriage, and women's position at feudalism and Renainsance decades.

  12. Disillusion and Comfort of Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai, Romeo and Juliet%梁祝、罗朱之恋的幻灭与慰藉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晶晶

    2013-01-01

    爱情是古老而又年轻的话题.《梁山伯与祝英台》和《罗密欧与朱丽叶》中的主人公的爱情故事见证了古往今来人们对真爱的不懈追求.由于社会、时代、家庭等观念的束缚,他们的爱情经历了此岸之恋的梦想、此岸之恋的幻灭、彼岸之恋的慰藉的历程,进一步诠释了爱情的永恒性和真爱的跨时空性.

  13. The Analysis of Differences and Similarities of Eastern and Western Women’s Images in Liang Sanbo Yu Zhu Yingtai and Romeo and Juliet Novel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yenny Yenny

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Sanpek Engtay and Romeo Juliet are the two famous classic love novels from Eastern and Western countries. They are liked by many generation of eastern and western readers. Both novels describe the image of women at each decade. Engtay represents the image of women at feudalism era while Juliet represents it Renainsance era. In this article, the writer did research at education, marriage, love, women's personality, and women's position at each decade. Library research was done in this study with the purpose of letting people know the differences and similarities of women's images between those two decades It can be concluded that in both writings, they have some similarities when describing love, mindset, and women's personality. The differences are about education, marriage, and women's position at feudalism and Renainsance decades.

  14. The Anti-corruption Stamps out Corruption Theory by Zhu Yuanzhang%朱元璋反腐肃贪论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李安林

    2003-01-01

    朱元璋是一位圣明君主,其在位期间政治清明,社会安定,是明代的盛世.他倡导以民为本,以史为鉴;积极制定法律,整饬吏治;主张严厉执法,为封建社会治国安邦树立了典范.

  15. Landscape patterns and the optimal utilization of alpine grassland based on RS and GIS approach: a case study in TianZhu alpine grassland, Gansu Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jun; Wei, Wei; Feng, Cui-qin; Wang, Xu-feng; Zheng, Jia-jia

    2008-10-01

    Using RS, GIS, landscape ecological technology to analyze landscape patterns based on alpine grassland region as the study area and TM/ETM+ image in 2002 as the study data in this article. Landscape patterns in the study area have been analyzed from such point of view as the landscape's patch characters, shapes, and spatial distributions through the indexes of diversity, predominance, fragmentation, evenness, and etc. The analysis on the ecological landscape patterns of land using indicates that the grassland occupies 45.45% and the woodland occupies 31.53% of the whole area. They are the main landscape types, which occupy 76.98% of the total study area and grassland is the matrix of the whole landscape according to ecological definitions. The distribution of landscape types has evident altitudinal tonality, and the distribution order is approximately as follows: town-residential area-farmland-grassland-woodland-unused land from valley to mountain top for the big vertical space of the height above the sea level. Take species protection as target communities, and depend on the surface pervasion consuming and the minimum clog model, we have designed much secure approaches of landscape patterns. Through analyzing we know the area of the chiasms buffer of class one in the grassland and the woodland is2422.15hm2 and the perimeter is 19882.02km. The area of the buffer of class two is 879.79hm2 and its perimeter is 10552.96km. Some fields and segments based on the minimum clog model need to pay much attention to: 1. The batch around cost isoclines layers in the central of grassland. 2. The Grassland-Woodland Ecotone should be mainly protected, and the textures among the small batches must be marked out in order to reduce the obstruction which species across the boundary. 3. It must prevent the interferences caused by human being activities in the ecotone, and improve the using efficiency of physical flows and circulation efficiency of nutritional elements. 4. The isolated habitat batches and big landscapes must be joined together to keep species continuance and bio-diversity increasing. Through advanced study, the number of landscape of the study area is simplex and integrated. The residentindustrial land and plantation landscape are separated and fragmentized. The matrix of grassland is preponderant. These results show that the study area has been disturbed by human being activities at present, but still in the safe range. We compared the study results with the field survey results, and found out that in the total of nineteen villages and towns, there are nine villages and towns in the range of safety area. The area is 358600 hm2, which occupies 50.16% of the total study area. About five villages and towns are in the range of critical safety area. The area is 187500 hm2, which occupies 26.23%. Other villages and towns are in the range of insecure area. The area is 168800 hm2, which occupies 23.61%. The results also indicate that the study area is safe as a whole, but the incertitude and insecurity areas have occupied 1/4 of the total. The ecological safety problem is extremely urgent and must be paid attention to and dealed with at once. The critical secure villages and towns are the easiest areas where can turn to insecurity from less safety. In addition, these critical secure villages and towns have larger areas than other types. So they must be prearranged and protected as a pivot. As the financial increasing in the alpine grassland area, its livestock and population have increased a lot in recent years. The pressure on the ecology and the environment will become more serious. So the inconsistency of the alpine grassland resources between their using and protection should be solved in time. How to accelerate the alpine grassland areas' sustainable using is the most important problem we have to resolve. In the process of analyzing, using pattern optimizing method, we have analyzed their relationships, whole landscape spatial structures and optimizing schemes. These innovations not only can provide decision-making support for the environment protection and cure, the biology diversity protection and the grassland sustainable using, but also can provide references on landuse optimizing and degenerate environment renewing for other similar areas. The method provides a good ecological route on the level's relevancy, and it's also a good supplement to the conventional landscape programming based on feasible evaluation. Under the guidance of the landscape ecology principles and methods, combining landscape using and landscape optimizing, a series of problems could be solved. Using RS and GIS technology, we can understand the main landscape about the grassland and the woodland through quantitative analysis in spatial patterns. This technology can reveal idiographic landscape structures and related problems of the study area. In a word, these methods are very valuable and convenient to analyze ecological landscape problems. However, the analysis data is not very ideal. For example, RS images scan cycle is long and its spatial resolution is poor. So it is difficult to get better images of grassland in the growing season under the interferential condition. The data is too complex to analyze one by one. Some results have shortages in calculating and analyzing precision. It will be ameliorated in the future study.

  16. 《古赋辩体》与明代辨体批评%Genre Criticism in Ming Dynasty and Zhu Yao's Genre of Ancient Rhapsody

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何诗海

    2013-01-01

    《古赋辩体》不仅是一部辞赋总集,更是一部体大思精的辨体批评著作.全书融赋选、赋史、赋论于一体,以古诗之义和吟咏性情为标准,以小序、题解为主要批评方式,构建了一个内容丰富、体例严整、富于理论价值和思辨色彩的辨体批评体系,对明代复古论者辨体意识的张扬,以及以总集、序题等方式展开辨体批评等风气,产生了直接而深刻的影响.

  17. Boosting Int'l SMEs Cooperation Interview with Zhu Shuhai, Director, Department for SMEs,Trade Development Bureau, Ministry of Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Either in the developed countries or developing countries, the small and medium enterprises(SMEs) have been playing a significant role in promoting the technological progress, employment, export,etc. Especially in the modern society with efficient development of knowledge and information, which is making the production and business operation smaller and more dispersed, and with more family participation as well, SMEs are becoming a more and more important force of the social and economic development.

  18. 对"胡-朱与Halliday访谈"的解读%A Personal Interpretation of the Interview Between Halliday and Hu & Zhu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄国文

    2010-01-01

    在第36届国际系统功能语言学大会(2009年7月14日至18日)期间,胡壮麟教授和朱永生教授对系统功能语言学创始人Halliday(韩礼德)教授做了一次公开的访谈.本文就访谈中提到的几个重要问题进行个人的解读,对一些问题进行介绍和解释,目的是帮助读者更好地理解这个访谈所涉及的重要内容.

  19. Bya rog prog zhu, The raven crest : the life and teachings of bDe chen 'od gsal rdo rje treasure revealer of contemporary Tibet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terrone, Antonio

    2010-01-01

    This research starts from the historical assertion that notwithstanding their claim of increased religious tolerance, the dramatic post-Mao political campaigns have continued to weaken the pervasive force of religious faith, traditional monastery-centered religious power, religious leadership, and e

  20. 本刊编委会委员名单

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    《浙江大学学报》(农业与生命科学版)编委会 主 任 Chairman 程家安 CHENG Jia-an 顾 问 Advisors of the Editorial Board 陈子元 CHEN Zi-yuan 李德葆 LI De-bao 童芍素 TONG Shao-su 特邀编委 Honorarv Members of the Editorial Board(按姓氏笔画为序) 王道文 WANG Dao-wen 研究员 中国科学院遗传研究所 李毅 LI Yi 教授 北京大学生命学院 吴常信 WU Chang-xin 院士 北京农业大学 张爱民 ZHANG Ai-min 教授 中国农业大学 薛勇彪 XUE Yong-biao 研究员 中国科学院发育研究所 奥田诚一 Seiichi Okuda 教授 University of Utsunomiya DENNIS N. Marple 教授 Iowa State University of Science and Technology HEIKO C. Becker 教授 George August University Gottingen ZENG Zhao-bang 教授 NC State University 编 委 Members of the Editorial Board(按姓氏笔画为序) 王人潮WANG Ren-chao 冯明光FENG Ming-guang 邓君奇DENG Jun-qi 朱军ZHU Jun 刘祖生LIU ZU-sheng 刘树生LIU Shu-sheng 许梓荣XU Zi-rong 孙锦荷SUN Jin-he 朱睦元ZHU Mu yuan 吴常信WU Chang-xin 吴平WU Ping 何国庆HE Guo-qmg 何勇HE Yong 张国平ZHANG Guo-ping 周雪平ZHOU Xue ping 陈力耕CHEN Li geng 胡萃HU Cui 郑筱祥ZHENG Xiao-xiang 郑重ZHENG Zhong 凌备备LING Bei-bei 钱凯先QIAN Kai-xian 徐同XU Tong 唐桂礼TANG Gui-li 徐建民XU-Jian-min 黄昌勇HUANG Chang-yong 曹家树CAO Jia-shu 程家安CHENG Jia-an 曾广文ZENG Guang-wen 楼程富LOU Cheng fu 薛庆中XUE Qing-zhong 主 编 Eeditor-in-Chief 程家安 CHENG Jia-an 副主编 Associate Editors-in-Chief 朱军ZHU Jun(常务) 唐桂礼TANG Gui-li 执行总编 Chief Reviewing Editor 邓君奇 DENG Jun-qi

  1. 朱熹对宋代易学的发展——兼论朱熹、程颐易学思想之异同%ZHU Xi's promotion to the I Ching learning research of the Song Dynasty——simultaneously on the similarities & differences between CHENG Yi and ZHU Xi's I Ching learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡方鹿

    2001-01-01

    朱熹提出《易》之本义为卜筮的见解,由此对程颐易学和义理学派提出批评。朱熹主张区分《周易》经传,提出易学发展阶段说。通过比较《周易本义》和《周易程氏传》,可见两者之异同。朱熹以象数、卜筮求易理,把义理学派与象数学派统一起来,从而发展了宋代易学。

  2. 邓小平党内民主制度建设思想探究%Deng Xiao-ping's Thought on the Construction of the Inner-party Democratic System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张广舟; 檀江林

    2013-01-01

    党内民主制度建设是党的建设的重要内容,党的十八大再次指出党内民主是党的生命力所在.邓小平党内民主制度建设思想丰富,集中体现在:强调党章的最高纪律权威,主张党的领导制度民主化,实行党的代表大会常任制,推行党内民主选举和干部管理民主化等五个方面.

  3. 以"生长教学法"为依托促邓小平理论进学生头脑%Relying on the "Forming Teaching Method" and Impressing Deng Xiao ping's Theory on the Students' Mind

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    本文运用"生长教学法"教学思维,进行课教学改革和建设.提出了邓小平理论"进头脑"的教学目标,在课堂教学模式方面,实行了三段式教学,着力解决了邓小平理论"三进"工作中最关键的一环--进头脑工作.创设了"生成考核法",巩固和增强学生学习邓小平理论的学习效果.

  4. Public Servant Principle of the Paris Commune and Public Servant Thoughts of Lenin and Deng Xiaoping%巴黎公社的公仆原则与列宁、邓小平的公仆思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘保国

    2003-01-01

    在摧毁旧的资产阶级国家机器的基础上建立起来的巴黎公社,首创了公仆原则,即干部由人民群众选举与监督的原则、艰苦朴素与廉洁奉公的原则、关心群众与为群众谋利益的原则.列宁和邓小平十分重视巴黎公社的公仆原则,并结合各自社会主义建设的实践,提出了具有本国特色和时代意蕴的公仆思想,发展了马克思主义公仆理论.

  5. Guidance of Deng Xiaoping's speech to theory and practice of the reform and the open policy%论邓小平南方谈话对改革开放理论与实践的指导作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张扬

    2013-01-01

    邓小平南方谈话针对人们思想中普遍存在的疑虑,强调了深化改革、加速发展的必要性和重要性,对我国十多年改革开放的经验进行了深刻总结,在一系列重大理论和实践问题上,有了新想法、新突破,进一步阐明了改革开放的重大意义,增强了走改革开放发展路线的信心,为继续落实改革开放政策解放思想,对改革开放理论与实践具有指导性作用.

  6. 灯银脑通胶囊对衰老小鼠的促智作用%Nootropic Effect of DengYin Nao Tong Capsule on Aging Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李特; 杨慧; 张松; 舒晔

    2009-01-01

    目的:研究灯银脑通胶囊对衰老小鼠的促智作用.方法:给ICR小鼠眼球后注射D-半乳糖造成衰老动物模型,分组灌胃给予不同剂量的灯银脑通胶囊(0.5、1、2g/kg),每日1次,连续2周,然后测试其对衰老动物智力的影响.结果:灯银脑通胶囊能提高小鼠跳台和走迷宫实验的学习成绩,增强对其记忆的保持.结论:灯银脑通胶囊对实验动物具有促智作用.

  7. 邓小平“从娃娃抓起”思想刍议%The Analysis About Deng Xiaoping’ s Educational Thought “to Start With Children”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛秦陵; 李妮

    2016-01-01

    Symbolized by the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the CPC , The Chi-nese Communists hold high the banner of seeking truth from facts , and embarked in high -spirited? and vigorous on a journey of reform and opening -up.As a guide of reform and opening -up, comrade xiaoping pegged this spe-cific subject“children”with acute political and historical responsibility and proposed the proposition of "to start with children"decisively and timely .He analyzed and discussed the significance of the specific content of this thesis from different angles, thus accumulating and enriching the vivid , heavy thought.%以十一届三中全会为标志,中国共产党人高举实事求是的大旗,意气风发的踏上了改革开放的征程,作为改革开放领路人的小平同志,以敏锐的政治眼光和历史责任,盯住“娃娃”这一特定的主体,果断及时的提出了“从娃娃抓起”的命题,并从不同角度解析了“从娃娃抓起”的意义,论述了这一命题的具体内容,积淀、丰富了鲜活、厚重的“从娃娃抓起”的思想。

  8. Observation of Curative Effect on Cerebral Arteriosclerosis Treated by Deng zhan Huasu Injection and Cerebrolysin%灯盏花素注射液合脑活素治疗脑动脉硬化症疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹韶刚

    2004-01-01

    目的:观察灯盏花素注射液合脑活素治疗脑动脉硬化症的疗效.方法:将185例随机分为两组:对照组94例采用脑活素静脉注射,每天1次;治疗组91例,在上述治疗的基础上,加用灯盏花素注射液静脉注射,每天1次.观察治疗前后主要临床症状和患者血浆一氧化氮(NO)、内皮素(ET)的变化.结果:治疗组临床总有效率为(88.10%)显著高于对照组(67.47%),(P<0.05);治疗组治疗后血浆NO水平上升,ET值下降,与对照组比较有显著性差异(P<0.05).结论:灯盏花素注射液合脑活素治疗脑动脉硬化症疗效显著.

  9. A Perspective of Deng Xiaoping's Lofty Trait from his View of Relation Between Two Systems%从邓小平的"两制关系观"透视其崇高品质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡娟

    2002-01-01

    "两制关系观"是邓小平理论的重要组成部分.在邓小平精辟的"两制关系观"中可透视其拥有的崇高品质.如求真务实的工作作风,开拓创新的理论勇气,振兴中华的民族精神等.

  10. "三个代表"重要思想对邓小平理论主题的新发展%Important Thought of "Three Representations":A New Development of the Theme of Deng Xiaopin Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余品华

    2001-01-01

    本文从"三个代表"重要思想与邓小平理论回答的根本问题--什么是社会主义、如何建设社会主义"的内在联系,来阐述"三个代表"重要思想的重大意义,指出其作出的重大贡献.

  11. On Deng Xiaoping's Education Ideas and the Development of Human Resources in Our Country%论邓小平的教育思想与我国的人力资源开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁娜

    2001-01-01

    邓小平准确地把握了当代社会发展的趋势,揭示了教育的现代特性和功能,提出了实现现代化科技是关键、教育是基础、要把教育放在优先发展的战略地位的重要思想.开发人力资源的当务之急是要加大人力资本投资,真正实现教育优先.要按照"三个面向"的要求,进行教育改革和创新,在全社会构建分层次的终身教育体系.

  12. "健笔终存天地间":论邓拓与书生办报%Ubiquity of his forceful pen-DENG Tuo and "Press run by Scholars"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴廷俊; 阳海洪

    2006-01-01

    1957年和1958年,毛泽东两次对邓拓和进行了严厉的批评,指斥邓拓为"书生办报".因为在毛泽东看来,"书生办报"和他在此时期所认可的"政治家办报"出现了相悖.本文清理了"书生办报的内涵"、"邓拓书生办报的发展"和"对邓拓书生办报的沉思",指出邓拓的书生办报的内核是强烈的责任感、求真精神、为民立言意识和理想情怀,并肯定了邓拓书生办报的历史意义.

  13. 大战略理论视域下邓小平改革开放政策研究%On Deng Xiaoping’s Reform and Opening-up Policy in the Perspective of Great Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘欣; 宋翠红

    2015-01-01

    随着时代的变化发展,大战略理论逐渐成为显学。大战略具有对事物进行全面性、长远性、根本性和系统性研究分析的特点,本质上是大战略思维的能力和方法。从大战略的理论视域对改革开放政策和实践进行研究是一种方法上的创新。大战略思维不同于其他思维方式,目标与手段的效用性结构、全局与局部的整体性结构、现在与未来的预见性和发展性结构组成了其独有的三维结构。以此三维结构来分析,可以发现,改革开放是一个少见的大战略实践,改革开放对当代中国的发展具有重要的战略意义。%With the development of society, the theory of Great Strategy gradually becomes a prominent subject. Great Strategy has the theoretical connotation of comprehensive, long-term, fundamental and systematic analysis of things and is ability and method of Great Strategy thinking in its essence. It is a methodology innovation to research reform and opening-up in the perspective of Great Strategy. Different from other thinking modes,Great Strategy thinking has a three-dimensional structure reflected in three aspects: the utility structure of goals and means, the integrality structure of global and local, the predictability and expansibility structure of present and future. Making analysis from this three-dimensional structure, we can find that reform and opening-up is an infrequent Great Strategy phenomenon and is of strategic importance for the development of contemporary China.

  14. Deng Xiaoping’s Historic Contribution to Chinese Women’s Movement in the New Period%邓小平对新时期中国妇女运动的历史性贡献

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔兰平

    2015-01-01

    改革开放后,邓小平领导我党坚持马克思主义、毛泽东思想,框定了新时期“党的领导、国家支持”的妇女运动运作模式。基于邓小平领导的改革开放所创造的良好条件、邓小平理论的指导及党和国家的高度重视积极运作,我国妇女事业得以快速发展,表现为:更多的妇女投身到公共劳动之中实现了经济独立;妇女权益保障法律体系形成;妇女政治地位的提升具有了坚实的基础;女性教育大踏步前进;中国妇女运动走出封闭实现开放式发展等。邓小平对新时期中国妇女运动的这些历史性贡献将永远彪炳于中国妇女运动史册。%After reform and opening up, Xiaoping Deng’s leadership over the Communist Party insisted on Marxism and Mao Zedong thought, which was actually the orientation for women’s movement in the new historical period:“led by the Party and supported by the nation”. Based on the favourable environment cre-ated by Xiaoping’s reform and opening up, the guidance of Xiaoping Deng’s theory, and the support given by the party, the cause of women’s movement has developed rapidly in China. It demonstrates as: more women have achieved financial independence through participating in public work;the legal protection sys-tem of women’s rights has been formed;women’s political status has been consolidated;women’s educa-tion has been promoted;and women’s movement has eventually walked out of the sealed world and entered into an open space. Xiaoping Deng’s historic contribution to Chinese women's movement in the new period will be forever recorded in China’s history.

  15. Appendix:Contents of Vol.16,No.1,2000

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    A Smooth Expansion Model for PKI Gong Jian,Liu Jianhang(1) Research on Tunneling Techniques in Virtual Private Networks Zhao Aqun,Yuan Yuan,Ji Yi,Gu Guanqun(6) Wavelet Network Based MQAM Digital Communication Adaptive Equalizers Zhang Guoan,Zhang Xiaodong,Bi Guangguo(13) Application of VQ-HMM to Chinese Spoken Digit Recognition Zhao Li,Liu Yilong,Zou Cairong,Wu Zhenyang(20) Image Enlargement Via Local Matching Fang Zhongxuan,Wu Lenan(24) A Self-Referenced Fiber-Optic Refractive Index Sensor for Cure Monitoring of Epoxy Composites Yang Chun,Luo Fei(28) Research on Rugged Resonant DC Link Soft-Switching Static Inverter Xiao Lan,Hu Minqiang(34) A Decentralized Autonomous Control on Highly Redundant Robot Manipulators Li Chunmei,Du Zhengchun,Yan Yuling,Yan Jingping(41) A General Study of the Number of Assembly Configurations for Multi-Circuit Planar Linkages Hang Lubin,Jin Qiong,Wu Jun,Yang Tingli(46) Research of Shaping Law of Electrochemical Perforation with Fixed Cathode Wang Yihong,Xu Jiawen,Yun Naizhang(52) Analysis and Simulation of Errors in Software Synchronous Sampling in Periodic-Signal Measurement Ma Hongzhong,Hu Qiansheng(57) New Principle for Grounding Fault Feeder Detection in MV Distributions with Neutral Ineffectively Earthed Zeng Xiangjun,Yin Xianggen,Chen Deshu,Zhang Zhe(64) Numerical Calculations and Cold Tests for Flow Fields of a 220t/h Retrofitted Oil-Boiler Zhu Shijun,Cheng Yongyuan,Cai Song,Xiao Jun(70) Active Vibration Control and Stability Analysis of Cantilever Plate Qian Zhendong,Huang Wei,Chen Guoping,Zhu Demao(75) Study on the Design Criteria for Prestressed Concrete Pavements Sun Baojun,Roger K.Hawkins,Lii Zhitao(80) Theoretical Analysis of a New Artificial Plastic Hinge at the Frame Beam End Fu Chuanguo,Jiang Yongsheng,Liu Meijing,Liang Shuting,Xu Qingfeng(89) Virtual Laboratory for Corporations:The Source of Policy Yu Yuehai,He Jianmin(95) Fan-Type Condition and Panconnectivity Lin Wensong,Gu Guohua,Song Zengmin(101) Mushroom Pulp

  16. Making Children Happy Immediately: A Brief Introduc-tion to the Characteristic Childlike Education in Huang-bian Primary School at Baiyun District of Guangzhou City%让孩子现在就幸福 ——广州市白云区黄边小学"三童教育"特色简介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐芬

    2016-01-01

    "领导学校,首先是教育思想上的领导,其次才是行政上的领导"(苏霍姆林斯基),二十年来,黄边小学从艰难的稳定阶段起步,历经规范阶段,至现在的特色创建阶段,学校在长期的教育实践过程中积淀了属于自己的"童本文化".在不断发展变革的教育形势下,学校坚持以科学的发展观统领办学全局,提出了"让孩子现在就幸福"的办学理念,以著名教育家顾明远先生的题词"让童心自由绽放"为校训,凸显"童心教师、童真孩子和童趣课程"的"童本文化"办学特色.%Suhomlinski said,"On the leading of a school, the first is the leading of education thoughts and the second is the leading of administration."Over the last twenty years, Huangbian Primary School, starting with its arduous stage and experiencing its nor-mative stage, has developed to the current stage of characteristic construction, and we have accumulated our own "childlike cul-ture"during the long-term educational practice. In the continu-ously developing and changing education situation, our school administrators coordinate the overall school-running situation with the scientific outlook on development and propose the school-running idea of " making children happy immediately". We take the inscription "Let Childlike Innocence Blossom Freely" by Mr. Gu Mingyuan, a famous educator, as the school motto, highlighting the childlike school-running feature with childlike teachers, innocent children and interesting courses.

  17. Two-dimensional thermoelasticity solution for functionally graded thick beams

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lü; Chaofeng

    2006-01-01

    [1]Suresh S,Mortensen A.Fundamentals of Functionally Graded Materials.London:IOM Communications,1998[2]Wetherhold R C,Seelman S,Wang J Z.The use of functionally graded materials to eliminate or control thermal deformation.Compos Sci Technol,1996,56:1099―1104[3]Almajid A,Taya M,Hudnut S.Analysis of out-of-plane displacement and stress field in a piezo-composite plate with functionally graded microstructure.Int J Solids Struct,2001,38:3377―3391[4]Wu X H,Chen C Q,Shen Y P,et al.A high order theory for functionally graded piezoelectric shells.Int J Solids Struct,2002,39:5325―5344[5]Ootao Y,Tanigawa Y.Three-dimensional transient piezothermo-elasticity in functional graded rectangular plate bonded to a piezoelectric plate.Int J Solids Struct,2000,37:4377―4401[6]Chen W Q,Ding H J.On free vibration of a functionally graded piezoelectric rectangular plate.Acta Mech,2002,153:207―216[7]Chen W Q,Bian Z G,Lv C F,et al.3D free vibration analysis of a functionally graded piezoelectric hollow cylinder filled with compressible fluid.Int J Solids Struct,2004,41:947―964[8]Zhong Z,Shang E T.Exact analysis of simply supported functionally graded piezothermoelectric plates.J Intell Mater Syst Struct,2005,16:643―651[9]Sankar B V.An elasticity solution for functionally graded beams.Compos Sci Technol,2001,61:689―696[10]Sankar B V,Tzeng J T.Thermal stresses in functionally graded beams.AIAA J,2002,40:1228―1232[11]Zhu H,Sankar B V.A combined Fourier series-Galerkin method for the analysis of functionally graded beams.J Appl Mech-Trans ASME,2004,71:421―424[12]Chen W Q,Lv C F,Bian Z G.Elasticity solution for free vibration of laminated beams.Compos Struct,2003,62:75―82[13]Nagem R J,Williams J H.Dynamic analysis of large space structures using transfer matrices and joint coupling matrices.Mech Struct Mach,1989,17:349―371[14]Ding H J,Chen W Q,Zhang L C.Elasticity of Transversely Isotropic Materials.Dordrecht:Springer-Verlag,2006[15]Shu C.Differential Quadrature and Its

  18. Improved proliferation of antigen-specific cytolytic T lymphocytes using a multimodal nanovaccine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li B

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Bo Li,1,2 Michael Siuta,1 Vanessa Bright,1,2 Dmitry Koktysh,3,4 Brittany K Matlock,5 Megan E Dumas,1 Meiying Zhu,1 Alex Holt,1 Donald Stec,3,6 Shenglou Deng,7 Paul B Savage,7 Sebastian Joyce,8,9 Wellington Pham1,2,6,10–12 1Institute of Imaging Science, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 2Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, 3Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, 4Vanderbilt Institute of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, 5Vanderbilt Flow Cytometry Shared Resource, Vanderbilt University, 6Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology, 7Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Brigham Young University, 8Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University, 9Veterans Administration Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, 10Department of Biomedical Engineering, 11Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center, 12Vanderbilt Brain Institute, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA Abstract: The present study investigated the immunoenhancing property of our newly designed nanovaccine, that is, its ability to induce antigen-specific immunity. This study also evaluated the synergistic effect of a novel compound PBS-44, an α-galactosylceramide analog, in boosting the immune response induced by our nanovaccine. The nanovaccine was prepared by encapsulating ovalbumin (ova and an adjuvant within the poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid nanoparticles. Quantitative analysis of our study data showed that the encapsulated vaccine was physically and biologically stable; the core content of our nanovaccine was found to be released steadily and slowly, and nearly 90% of the core content was slowly released over the course of 25 days. The in vivo immunization studies exhibited that the nanovaccine induced stronger and longer immune responses compared to its soluble counterpart. Similarly, intranasal inhalation of the nanovaccine induced more robust antigen-specific CD8+ T cell response than intraperitoneal injection of nanovaccine

  19. Bitter taste receptors as targets for tocolytics in preterm labor therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Kaizhi; Lu, Ping; Delpapa, Ellen; Bellve, Karl; Deng, Ruitang; Condon, Jennifer C; Fogarty, Kevin; Lifshitz, Lawrence M; Simas, Tiffany A Moore; Shi, Fangxiong; ZhuGe, Ronghua

    2017-09-01

    Preterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity, with few prevention and treatment options. Uterine contraction is a central feature of PTB, so gaining new insights into the mechanisms of this contraction and consequently identifying novel targets for tocolytics are essential for more successful management of PTB. Here we report that myometrial cells from human and mouse express bitter taste receptors (TAS2Rs) and their canonical signaling components (i.e., G-protein gustducin and phospholipase C β2). Bitter tastants can completely relax myometrium precontracted by different uterotonics. In isolated single mouse myometrial cells, a phenotypical bitter tastant (chloroquine, ChQ) reverses the rise in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) and cell shortening induced by uterotonics, and this reversal effect is inhibited by pertussis toxin and by genetic deletion of α-gustducin. In human myometrial cells, knockdown of TAS2R14 but not TAS2R10 inhibits ChQ's reversal effect on an oxytocin-induced rise in [Ca(2+)]i Finally, ChQ prevents mouse PTBs induced by bacterial endotoxin LPS or progesterone receptor antagonist mifepristone more often than current commonly used tocolytics, and this prevention is largely lost in α-gustducin-knockout mice. Collectively, our results reveal that activation of the canonical TAS2R signaling system in myometrial cells produces profound relaxation of myometrium precontracted by a broad spectrum of contractile agonists, and that targeting TAS2Rs is an attractive approach to developing effective tocolytics for PTB management.-Zheng, K., Lu, P., Delpapa, E., Bellve, K., Deng, R., Condon, J. C., Fogarty, K., Lifshitz, L. M., Simas, T. A. M., Shi, F., ZhuGe, R. Bitter taste receptors as targets for tocolytics in preterm labor therapy. © FASEB.

  20. Ethiopian Pharmaceutical Journal: Submissions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ethiopian Pharmaceutical Journal (EPJ) is a bian-nual Journal, which ... Acknowledgements, References, Illustrations (Tables, Figures and chemistry ... Nomenclature and spelling should conform to the directions given by IUPAC and IUB.

  1. Review of the genus Pteranabropsis Gorochov, 1988 (Orthoptera: Anostostomatidae: Anabropsinae) with description of two new species from China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Qiong; Guo, Huifang; Bian, Xun; Shi, Fuming

    2016-06-10

    This paper describes two new species of the genus Pteranabropsis Gorochov, 1988 (Orthoptera: Anostostomatidae: Anabropsinae) from China, i.e. Pteranabropsis crenatis Song, Bian & Shi sp. nov. and Pteranabropsis incisa Song, Bian & Shi sp. nov. Meanwhile, the photos of important morphological features and a distribution map of the genus Pteranabropsis Gorochov, 1988 are provided. Also, a key to the species of Pteranabropsis is provided. The examined specimens are deposited in the Museum of Hebei University.

  2. Research on paleoearthquakes in Jiuxian trenches across Nankou-Sunhe fault zone in Changping County of Beijing plain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG; Wali

    2002-01-01

    [1]Sieh, K. E., Pre-historic large earthquakes produced by slip on the San Andreas fault at Pallett Creek, California, J. Geo-phys. Res., 1978, 83: 3907-3939.[2]Ding Guoyu, A brief account of recent studies on paleoearthquakes, in Papers on Prehistoric Earthquakes and Quaternary Geology (in Chinese with English abstract) (eds. Holocene Branch of Chinese Quaternary Research Commission and Shaanxi Seismological Bureau), Xi'an: Shaanxi Science and Technology Press, 1982, 3-7.[3]Tokihiko Maisuda, Present state and problems of active fault studies in Japan, Active Fault Research (in Japanese), 1985: (1): 3-8.[4]Allen, C. R., Seismological and paleoseismological techniques of research in active tectonics, in Active Tectonics, Wash-ington, D. C. : National Academy Press, 1986, 148-154.[5]Schwartz, D. P., Coppersmith, K. J., Seismic hazards: New trends in analysis using geologic data, in Active Tectonics, Washington, D. C.: National Academy Press, 1986, 215-230.[6]Deng Qidong, Progress and direction of active fault research, in Research on Active Fault 1(in Chinese with English ab-stract) (ed. Editorial Board of Research on Active Fault), Beijing: Seismology Press, 1991, 1-6.[7]Ota Yoko, Watanabe Mitsuhisa, Introduction to active fault and paleoearthquake, in Earth (in Japanese), (supply 28),2000, 5-8.[8]Wen Xueze, Wang Yipeng, Progress and problems in the research on active fault, seismic hazard and assessment in China, in Research on Active Fault 7 (in Chinese with English abstract), (eds. Department of Science and Technology of China Seismological Bureau and Editorial Board of Research on Active Fault), Beijing: Seismology Press, 1999, 1-11.[9]Ran Yongkang, Deng Qidong, History, status and trend of paleoseismological research, Chinese Science Bulletin, 1999, 44 (10): 880-889.[10]Wallace, R. E., Active faults, paleoseismology, and earthquake hazards in the western United States, in Earthquake Pre-diction-An International Review

  3. EFECTO INDUCTOR DEL AGUA DE COCO SOBRE LA GERMINACIÓN DE SEMILLAS Y BROTAMIENTO DE LOS CORMOS DE LA HIERBA DE LA EQUIS Dracontium grayumianum G. Zhu & Croat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patiño Torres Carlos

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó el efecto promotor del agua de coco, del ácido giberélico, de la estratificación fría y de la escarificación mecánica, sobre la germinación de las semillas de D. grayumianum, y el efecto del ácido giberélico y el agua de coco sobre el brotamiento de los cormos de la misma especie. Las semillas no sometidas a los tratamientos inductores fueron incapaces de germinar, pero la inmersión en agua de coco tuvo efectos notales, produciendo un porcentaje de germinación del 50%, superior al efecto logrado con los demás tratamientos. El endospermo líquido del coco también tuvo efecto favorable sobre el brotamiento de los cormos bajo condiciones de vivero, al igual que el tratamiento con una solución de ácido giberélico. Este es el primer reporte del uso del agua de coco como agente promotor de la germinación de semillas con alto nivel de latencia, lo que coloca este recurso como una alternativa adicional, altamente eficaz y de bajo costo, para ser utilizado en estrategias de propagación vegetal de especies con semillas de latencia profunda.

  4. Efecto inductor del agua de coco sobre la germinación de semillas y brotamiento de los cormos de la hierba de la equis dracontium grayumianum g. zhu & croat

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Se evaluó el efecto promotor del agua de coco, del ácido giberélico, de la estratificación fría y de la escarificación mecánica, sobre la germinación de las semillas de D. grayumianum, y el efecto del ácido giberélico y el agua de coco sobre el brotamiento de los cormos de la misma especie. Las semillas no sometidas a los tratamientos inductores fueron incapaces de germinar, pero la inmersión en agua de coco tuvo efectos notales, produciendo un porcentaje de germinación del 50%, superior al e...

  5. Factical Life of Bekummerung and Unruhe: Review of Zhu Songfeng's Understanding of Life%忧惧不安的实际生活——评朱松峰的《理解生活》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李守利

    2012-01-01

    《理解生活——基于现象学和生命哲学的视角》对海德格尔早期思想的深入阐释提供给我们与海德格尔一同思考的可能性。从此在的历史性出发才能理解实际性,此在的历史性也即此在的时间性,此在的历史也即此在的存在。"忧惧"、"动荡"、不安"、"阴森恐怖"等词语在同一个基调中,显示着实际生活思想的基本特征。与狄尔泰的对话对于海德格尔思想的形成有重要的意义。%Interpretation of the Early thought of Heidegger in the Understanding of life: from Phenomenology and life philosophy provides to us the possibility of thinking with Heidegger. Facticity of Dasein cannot be understood unless from historicity of Dasein which is temporality of Dasein and its existence. Bekummerung, Unruhe, Bewegtheit and Unheimlichheit are in the same Befindlichkeit which indicate basic characteristic of the thought of factical life. Dialogue with Wilhelm Dilthey is of importance to the formation of the thought of Heidegger.

  6. Status of the Prevalence of Hypertension and Prevention and Control Status of It in Zhu-hai City%珠海市社区居民高血压患病情况及防控现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶浩森; 龚言红; 郭红革; 赵金利

    2014-01-01

    目的了解珠海市社区居民高血压患病率、防控情况及人群高血压危险因素控制情况,为社区开展高血压防控工作提供科学依据。方法采取多阶段分层整群抽样方法,从珠海市随机抽取18岁及以上社区居民400人进行体格检查和问卷调查。结果珠海市社区居民高血压患病率为27.75%,知晓率、治疗率和控制率分别为43.24%、35.14%和12.61%。不同性别社区居民高血压防治现状之间差异无统计学意义(P >0.05)。人群中高血压危险因素控制情况较差。结论珠海市社区居民高血压防治工作面临“高发病率,低知晓率、治疗率和控制率暠的严峻形势,有必要分析并解决基层医疗机构在开展慢病管理工作中面临的问题和障碍,使其更好地发挥实现公共卫生服务均等化的主体功能作用。%Objectives We aimed to explore the status of the prevalence of hypertension and the prevention and control status of it in adults in Zhuhai City,and to estimate the condition of risk factors of hypertension in public, which will provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of hypertension in community.Methods A multi-stage stratified random sample was used to select adults aged 18 years or older in Zhuhai City,and 400 adults were recruited and investigated.Results The prevalence of hypertension was 27.75% in Zhuhai.The awareness rate, treat rate and control rate are 43.24%,35.14% and 12.61% respectively.There were no significant differences a-bout the status of prevention and control of hypertension between males and females.The condition of some risk factors of hypertension in public was bad.Conclusions The prevention and control status of hypertension in Zhuhai City was a serious and urgent issue.It is necessary to explore the dilemmas and obstacles faced in the prevention and control of chronic disease management in community health facilities,which will be significant in providing equitable public health service.

  7. 本雅明的翻译理论与朱熹对《离骚》的解读%Walter Benjamin's Translation Theory and Zhu Xi's Interpretation of "Li Sao"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马思清; 熊莺

    2013-01-01

    随着中国经济与文化地位的崛起,越来越多的美国年轻一代开始迫切地想要了解中国,中国文学的教学也越来越被重视起来.作为中国最伟大的爱国主义“代表诗人”的一部力作,《离骚》自然应被纳入教材之列,尤其是作为非华裔人士的翻译教材.本文以德国哲学家瓦尔特·本雅明(Walter Benjamin)的文学及历史理论作为方法论,侧重研究本雅明文本“重生”理论对《离骚》翻译的适用.朱熹版《离骚》注本充分结合了译者的历史语境,是该诗“来世”的重要组成部分,它不仅对当代《离骚》注释有着不可小觑的启示作用,更自成一家,成为《离骚》来世的典范之一.

  8. 《诗经》郑笺、朱注中的"重言"辨析%Analysis of the Tautology in The Book of Songs Interpreted by ZHENG Xuan and Zhu Xi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平

    2010-01-01

    郑玄、朱熹解释经义常借修辞观点加以分析,"重言"修辞也是其常用的方法.通过对中"重言"的研究,可以看出"重言"除了指叠字外,还指双音节词重叠及句子的重复等.

  9. 从艾儒略到朱自清:游记与"浪漫法兰西"形象的生成%From Jules Aleni to Zhu Ziqing: On Travel Netes and Creation of the Image of Romantic France in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟华

    2006-01-01

    什么词最能概括现代中国人心目中的法国形象?大多数人选择"浪漫"一词.但若再深问一句:法国何以是浪漫的?答案莫衷一是.本文认为,"浪漫法兰西"形象的起源始自法国神甫艾儒略的游记在中国的译介.张德彝和王韬追随艾儒略,现当代作家又追随张德彝和王韬,现代中国人心目中的"浪漫法兰西"形象就是在这种"同质"与"异质"的"互文"中构成的.

  10. Structure comparison of LingZhu and INUYASHA%貌合下的神离——《灵珠》与《犬夜叉》结构比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁苗苗

    2011-01-01

    最近热播的穿越剧取得了不俗的收视率与口碑,但是网络上存在着大量批评抄袭日本动画的声音.的确,二者在故事情节与人物设置上存在着很多雷同.但由于电视剧和动画的表现手法不同以及制作方态度与技术的差异,让这两部在表层结构上高度一致的作品呈现出高下之别.在剧情、台词、画面以及配乐四个方面,的表现与尚有距离.

  11. "Happiness"and"Inner Sage and Outer King": A Comparative Study of Zhu Xi and Aristotle%"幸福"与"内圣外王"——亚里士多德与朱熹至善思想比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢晓东

    2009-01-01

    朱熹和亚里士多德的至善思想在中国与西方很具有代表性.从概念理解上来看,亚里士多德明确指出幸福就是至善,而朱子则指出了至善具有三层含义:某项道德行为做到最好,所有的道德行为都达到极致以及内圣外王.从方法上来看,亚里士多德认为哲学沉思是实现幸福的最重要形式,而朱熹则认为可以通过格物致知等功夫达到至善.亚里士多德和朱熹都属于德性伦理学范畴,他们都认为至善的实现和国家作用之间具有内在的联系.

  12. 《梁山伯与祝英台》与《罗密欧与朱丽叶》调式比较%Differences and Similarity Between LiangShanbo and ZhuYingtai and Romeo and Juliet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦伟

    2007-01-01

    与两部作品的内容都取材于民间故事,都属于标题性音乐作品,作品曲式结构基本相同.不同之处是对造成悲剧原因的展示有着明显区别,主、副部主题的表现和运用截然相反,音乐的主基调有较大差异,作品的整体风格迥异.

  13. Establishment of Institutional System for Developing Green Logistics Economy in Chang-zhu-tan Region%长株潭发展绿色物流经济的制度体系构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李社云; 李向明

    2012-01-01

    长株潭物流经济的发展存在管理体制跟不上时代的步伐,资源利用效率低等问题,因此发展绿色物流经济势在必行.从发展绿色物流经济的市场保障机制人手,指出必须建立有效的机制、法律法规制度以及形成一种理念,以推动长株潭绿色物流经济的发展.%In this paper, we established an effecitive institution and legal and regulatory system for the development of the green logistics economy in the Chang—zhu—tan region and on such basis cultivated the principles to promote the development of the green logistics economy in the region.

  14. Clinical survey on traditional medicine Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang used in treatment of hematoma post cerebro-injury%血府逐瘀汤治疗脑损伤后颅内血肿的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐秀凤

    2002-01-01

    脑外伤后,颅内血肿的形成和治疗是临床中西医人员经常面临的问题,对病人的康复和预后至关重要。三年来,对于因脑损伤后形成颅内血肿而拒绝手术治疗的24例病人,我们采用中药活血化瘀法,选用血府逐瘀汤加味进行治疗,通过临床观察,疗效满意,现报告如下。

  15. 求新声于异邦,补小说史空白——朱崇科《张力的狂欢》评介%On Zhu Chong-ke's The Ecstasy of Tension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范颖

    2006-01-01

    鲁迅的《故事新编》与《呐喊》、《彷徨》相比,呈现出诸多“异端”的色彩,历来难以界定,成为理论界争论不休的话题。有人把它归于“(新)历史小说”,也有的称它是“寓言”。因之也出现了许多评述,而各自的路向都不相同。在众声喧哗中,虽不乏发人深省之作,但由于缺少相应的合适的理论视角,未能把《故事新编》的文本置于其共时与历时的背景中作宏观的考察,存在着单纯文本解读法中盲人摸象的通病。

  16. The "Construction" Magazine Invites Special Consultants. Zhu Min and Liu Zheng Accepted the Offer%建筑杂志社敬请特邀顾问朱敏、刘铮欣然接受邀请

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    要清华

    2006-01-01

    时值隆冬,寒风凛冽。建筑杂志社的每一位员工却都感受到春天般的温暖。朱德元帅的女儿朱敏、女婿刘铮二老,热情接受邀请,从2006年1月开始担任杂志社的特邀顾问。

  17. Bildung of ZHANG Zhu-po's Comment on Novels in the View of Hermenutics%解释学视野下张竹坡小说评点的教化因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡靖芳

    2010-01-01

    在解释学看来,解释者的视域是在社会历史文化的教化中形成的,教化从根本上使人类交流获得主体间性.张竹坡的评点以合乎对象及其问题基本情状的解释结论,获得了历代多数读者的一致认可,其评点的主体间性源自于教化的两种方式:隐性教化和显性教化."天人合一"观深厚的文化根基、清初由冲突走向融通的历史文化语境以及小说评点立言以寄托生命意义的文人文化传统,潜移默化地影响了张竹坡小说评点主体间性的形成;而穷愁困厄的人生际遇、"孝"的家族观念以及亦雅亦俗的人生品位,则直接促成其小说评点主体间性的获得.

  18. 从艾儒略到朱自清:游记与"浪漫法兰西"形象的生成%From Jules Aleni to Zhu Ziqing:Travel accounts and the construction of "Romantic France"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟华

    2008-01-01

    Many Chinese believe that France is a"romantic"nation though they may offer different answers to the question"Why".A recent source study shows that this image comes from the travel note written by a French priest Julie Aleni when he took a mission in China,from Wonders in the Voyage and Traveling around Europe and America by Zhang Deyi,a Chinese diplomat in France at that time and from Travel Notes by Wang Tao.Therefore,many Chinese modem writers borrowed this image to their works.Hence it has been created as a set image in the intertextual context of cultural homogeneity and heterogeneity.Therefore,this paper is intended to trace the signs of these cultural interactions so as to see how"Romantic France"has come to be a set image in Chinese culture.%什么词最能概括现代中国人心目中的法国形象?大多数人选择"浪漫"一词.但若再深问一句:法国何以是浪漫的?答案莫衷一是."浪漫法兰西"形象的起源始自法国神甫艾儒略的游记在中国的译介.张德彝和王韬追随艾儒略,现当代作家又追随张德彝和王韬,现代中国人心目中的"浪漫法兰西"形象就是在这种"同质"与"异质"的"互文"中构成的.

  19. The Review of Wang Zhu and His Novel 《Symphony of Inferno》%王朱及其长篇小说《地狱交响乐》评介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程红

    2002-01-01

    王朱是中国现代文学史上少有的集中写妇女悲惨生活,尤其是下等妓女悲惨生活的天津作家.他的长篇小说以现实主义的笔触描写了旧中国社会黑暗的一角,在中国现代文学史中是唯一的一部,有独特的历史地位.

  20. 背影与眼翳:余光中与朱自清散文的同与异%A Figure Hidden in A Mist:the Similarities and Differences of Prose Styles of Yu Guangzhong and Zhu Ziqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李先国

    2004-01-01

    朱自清散文和"五四"时期其他散文作家对台湾当代散文影响很大,从余光中的散文作品中可以看出朱自清的影响.但余光中又力倡散文革新,反思"五四"散文创作传统,所以他的作品又具有了不同于朱自清散文的美学风格.

  1. 林则徐《回疆竹枝词》中的维吾尔语考释%An Explanation of Uygur Expressions Used in "Hui Jiang Zhu Zhi Ci" by Lin Zexu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖冬梅

    2006-01-01

    林则徐流放新疆期间深入研究维吾尔族历史,尊重维吾尔人民的风俗习惯及宗教信仰,虚心学习维吾尔语.是林则徐深入南疆勘地时所作的反映清代维吾尔民族生活习俗的诗歌.他把许多维吾尔词语经音译或意译直接写入诗章,使读者体会到诗歌所蕴含的民族文化特色.本文逐一试解了原诗中没有准确注音和义训的维吾尔语词.

  2. 从"需要层次理论"看朱生豪莎剧翻译动因%On ZHU Sheng-hao's Motivating Powers of Translating Shakespearean Dramas from the Perspective of Need Hierarchy Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅楠

    2007-01-01

    美国心理学家马斯洛需要层次理论将人的需要分为五个层次:生理、安全、爱、尊重以及自我实现的需要.朱生豪翻译莎剧动力在于其在各个层次上的需要的交替作用,并最终表现为自我实现的需要.朱氏的翻译莎剧过程也就是他成为自我实现的人的过程.

  3. 论朱智贤与维果茨基的非智力因素思想%ZHU Zhi-xian and Lev Vygotsky's Thoughts of Nonintellectual Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕国材

    2005-01-01

    文章根据我国的非智力因素观点,讨论了三个问题:一是朱智贤的非认知观点,即非智力因素思想;二是维果茨基对兴趣、情感和性格等非智力因素的看法;三是就二位心理学大师的有关思想进行了比较、评析.

  4. Non-intelligence Factors in the Thought of Zhu Zhixian and Vygotsky%论朱智贤与维果茨基的非智力因素思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕国材

    2005-01-01

    文章根据我国的非智力因素观点,讨论了三个问题:一是朱智贤的非认知观点即非智力因素思想,二是维果茨基时兴趣、情感和性格等非智力因素的看法,三是就二位心理学大师的有关思想进行了比较评析.

  5. Excavation of the Zhu Family Graveyard of the Former Qin Period in Wenlin Neighborhood of Xianyang City, Shaanxi%陕西咸阳市文林小区前秦朱氏家族墓的发掘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    咸阳市文物考古研究所

    2005-01-01

    In 1999, the Xianyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology carried out excavation in an ancient cemetery within Wenlin Neighborhood, and revealed there 114 tombs, including 9 burials of the Former Qin period. These Former Qin graves are the same in structure, each consisting of a tomb passage, a corridor and a chamber. The corpses are buried in wooden coffins. Their funeral objects consist of pottery, bronzes, silver ware, iron artifacts, etc., numbering 167. The pottery includes male and female tomb-figurines, models of ox carts, horses, pigs, dogs, chickens, cooking stoves, wells, mills, granaries and treadle-operated tilt hammers for hulling rice, jars, bowls, small pots and discs. The bronzes embrace basins, bowls, mirrors, bracelets, hairpins, finger-rings, small bells, dui butt-end pieces and crossbows. The iron artifacts belong to the mirror, pick and scissors, and the silver ware includes hairpins, finger-rings and bracelets. In addition, there are gold hairpins, jade pieces, clay chickens, wuzhu and yanhuan coins, and the dated brick epitaphs coming from four tombs. Definite in date, these graves provide important material for studying the tomb shape and burial custom of the Former Qin period and the history of the Sixteen Kingdoms in the Guanzhong region. Moreover, they have great value to establishing the chronological sequence of burials in this region during the Han, Wei and Sixteen Kingdoms periods.

  6. Role of the Rb and p53 Tumor Suppressor Pathways in Mammary Tumorigenesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    kinase screen and off-patent drug screen) REPORTABLE OUTCOMES Jones, Robert., Jiang, Zhe ., Deng, Tao., Schimmer, AD., Moffat, J and...Robert., Jiang, Zhe ., Deng, Tao., Schimmer, AD., Moffat, J and Zacksenhaus, E. Role of the RB and p53 tumor suppressor pathways in mammary tumorigenesis...CDMRP 2011 Era of Hope Conference Jiang Z, Jones R, Liu JC, Deng T, Robinson T, Chung PE, Wang S, Herschkowitz Jl, Egan SE, Perou CM

  7. Implementing Sustainable Development Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Cuiying

    2004-01-01

    China's national sustainable development strategies were drafted under the guidance of Deng Xiaoping's theory on socialist construction with Chinese distinguishing features and, the theory and practice of sustainable development has further enriched and perfected Deng Xiaoping's theory. An in-depth study of Deng Xiaoping's theory is significant if we are to accurately understand our sustainable development program and how to best implement the strategies.

  8. 《楚辞·天问》之"帝何竺之"试解——兼论贾学鸿《楚辞还须楚语解——篇"帝何竺之"破译》%The Trial Explanations for "Di He Zhu Zhi" in "Chu Ci·Tian Wen"——An Analysis on Jia Xuehong's "Chu Ci Should Be Explained by Chu Language——Explanation for 'Di He Zhu Zhi' in 'Dian Wen' "

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓东

    2007-01-01

    《楚辞》是一部在我国历史上有重要影响的先秦典籍,而如何理解却历来是仁者见仁,智者见智.尤其是《楚辞·天问》中的"稷维元子,帝何竺之"句,从古至今都是人们关注的热点之一.本文从语言学角度出发,特别是从我国先秦时期曾经作为"荆楚"民族重要组成部分的苗瑶语出发,认为现代黔东南苗语中汉语词义为"远"或者"疏远" 的[to11]可与"帝何竺之"中的"竺"相对应,亦可从先秦曾与楚民族有广泛联系的壮侗语以及现代汉语的吴、闽方言等对《楚辞》进行研究.

  9. Closed Loop Quantum Control and Quantum Information Sciences: Concepts and Laboratory Implementations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-30

    Ohtsuki, K. Nakagami , W. Zhu, and H. Rabitz, Chem. Phys., 287, 197-216 (2003). Quantum Control via Adaptive Tracking, W. Zhu and H. Rabitz, J. Chem...dynamics under the influence of dissipation, Y. Ohtsuki, K. Nakagami , W. Zhu, and H. Rabitz, Chem. Phys., 287, 197-216 (2003). 22. Quantum Control via

  10. Review and Expectation of the Study on Criminal Procedure Law in 2006——An Interview with Professor Bian Jianlin, Chairman of the Association of Criminal Procedure Law, China Association of Law%2006年刑事诉讼法学研究回顾与展望——访中国法学会刑事诉讼法学研究会会长卞建林教授

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李和仁; 吕瑞云

    2007-01-01

    我国刑事诉讼法将如何再修改?学术界对我国检察改革和检察监督机制建设的努力如何评价?在过去的一年里,我国刑事诉讼法学研究取得了哪些成果?2007年将关注哪些问题?以上这些都是检察人员和广大读者所关心的热点话题。为了解答这些问题,记者专门采访了不久前当选为中国法学会刑事诉讼法学研究会会长的卞建林教授。

  11. 记录(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Deng XiaoPing Forever,a Top Unadorned Family Story《永远的邓小平》,一个朴素到极点的家庭故事August 22,2004,sees the 100th anniversary of Deng Xiaoping'sbirth.While the Chinese people commemorate the late outstanding

  12. On the core and f-nucleolus of flow games

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kern, Walter; Paulusma, Daniël

    2009-01-01

    Using the ellipsoid method, both Deng et al. [Deng, X., Q. Fang, X. Sun. 2006. Finding nucleolus of flow game. Proc. 17th ACM-SIAM Sympos. Discrete Algorithms. ACM Press, New York, 124–131] and Potters et al. [Potters, J., H. Reijnierse, A. Biswas. 2006. The nucleolus of balanced simple flow network

  13. FROM THE CHINESE PRESS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    A Memento from a Farmer’s Family with Deng Xiaoping On the morning of February 22, 1992, when Deng Xiaoping came to the sports ground of the kindergarten at Qizhong Village, Maqiao Township in Minhang District, Shanghai, he took Tang Jiayun, the son of a farmer in his arms and kissed him. The reporter took the picture as a memento.

  14. On the core and f-nucleolus of flow games

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kern, Walter; Paulusma, Daniël

    Using the ellipsoid method, both Deng et al. [Deng, X., Q. Fang, X. Sun. 2006. Finding nucleolus of flow game. Proc. 17th ACM-SIAM Sympos. Discrete Algorithms. ACM Press, New York, 124–131] and Potters et al. [Potters, J., H. Reijnierse, A. Biswas. 2006. The nucleolus of balanced simple flow

  15. PEOPLE/POINTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Benevolent Music Teacher Deng Xiaolan, a volunteer music teacher in a remote, poverty-stricken village, is in the spotlight of China’s media for her selfless deeds.Deng, 68, has traveled to Malan Village, north China’s Hebei Province, to teach children there music more than 10 times a year since 2004.

  16. Thermal, spectroscopic, and solvent influence studies on mixed-ligand copper(II) complexes containing the bulky ligand: Bis[ N-( p-tolyl)imino]acenaphthene

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Ayaan, Usama; Gabr, I. M.

    2007-05-01

    Four mixed-ligand copper(II) complexes containing the rigid bidentate nitrogen ligand bis[ N-( p-tolyl)imino]acenaphthene (abb. p-Tol-BIAN) ligand are reported. These complexes, namely [Cu( p-Tol-BIAN) 2](ClO 4) 21, [Cu( p-Tol-BIAN)(acac)](ClO 4) 2, [Cu( p-Tol-BIAN)Cl 2] 3 and [Cu( p-Tol-BIAN)(AcOH) 2](ClO 4) 24 (where acac, acetylacetonate and AcOH, acetic acid) have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic, magnetic and molar conductance measurements. ESR spectra suggest a square planar geometry for complexes 1 and 2. In complexes 3 and 4, a distorted tetrahedral arrangement around copper(II) centre was suggested. Solvatochromic behavior of all studied complexes indicates strong solvatochromism of their solutions. The observed solvatochromism is mainly due to the solute-solvent interaction between the chelate cation and the solvent molecules. Thermal properties and decomposition kinetics of all complexes are investigated. The kinetic parameters ( E, A, Δ H, Δ S and Δ G) of all thermal decomposition stages have been calculated using the Coats-Redfern and other standard equations.

  17. POSTERS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@Natural Toxins   S01 Susceptibility of Edible Bihalves to Paralytic Shellfish Poisons and Their Donor   Ya-Hui Li* , Deng-Fwu Hwang, Jou-Fang Deng, Taibei, China      S02 Food Safety of Grass Carp Bile Juice   Deng-Fwu Hwang* , Yen-Hung Yeh, Jou-Feng Deng, Taibei, China      S03 Differentiation of Muscular Proteins from Toxic and Non Toxic Puffers   Tai-Yuan Chen* , Deng-Fwu Hwang, Taibei, China      S04 Radiation Resistance of Paralytic Shellfish Poison (PSP) Toxins   Terestia P Acevedo, Philippines

  18. Solid dispersions in the form of electrospun core-sheath nanofibers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu DG

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Deng-GuangYu1, Li-Min Zhu2, Christopher J Branford-White3, Jun-He Yang1, Xia Wang1, Ying Li1, Wei Qian11School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology; 2College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Donghua University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; 3Faculty of Life Sciences, London Metropolitan University, London, United KingdomBackground: The objective of this investigation was to develop a new type of solid dispersion in the form of core-sheath nanofibers using coaxial electrospinning for poorly water-soluble drugs. Different functional ingredients can be placed in various parts of core-sheath nanofibers to improve synergistically the dissolution and permeation properties of encapsulated drugs and to enable drugs to exert their actions.Methods: Using acyclovir as a model drug, polyvinylpyrrolidone as the hydrophilic filament-forming polymer matrix, sodium dodecyl sulfate as a transmembrane enhancer, and sucralose as a sweetener, core-sheath nanofibers were successfully prepared, with the sheath part consisting of polyvinylpyrrolidone, sodium dodecyl sulfate, and sucralose, and the core part composed of polyvinylpyrrolidone and acyclovir.Results: The core-sheath nanofibers had an average diameter of 410 ± 94 nm with a uniform structure and smooth surface. Differential scanning calorimetry and x-ray diffraction results demonstrated that acyclovir, sodium dodecyl sulfate, and sucralose were well distributed in the polyvinylpyrrolidone matrix in an amorphous state due to favoring of second-order interactions. In vitro dissolution and permeation studies showed that the core-sheath nanofiber solid dispersions could rapidly release acyclovir within one minute, with an over six-fold increased permeation rate across the sublingual mucosa compared with that of crude acyclovir particles.Conclusion: The study reported here provides an example of the systematic design, preparation

  19. A cross-sectional study to assess the feasibility of a short message service to improve adherence of outpatients undergoing sedation gastrointestinal endoscopy in the People’s Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deng XQ

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Xiaoqian Deng, Ling Ye, Yuting Wang, Tao Zhu Department of Anesthesiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People’s Republic of ChinaBackground: Adherence to the prescribed preparation regimen for patients scheduled for sedation gastrointestinal endoscopy (SGIE often fails to meet health care providers’ expectations. Therefore, the feasibility of using mobile phones to improve the adherence of outpatients was assessed among outpatients scheduled for SGIE.Methods: The study was designed as a cross-sectional study using survey questionnaires. Outpatients who would be undergoing SGIE were enrolled. The main outcomes included proportions of outpatients who have access to mobile phones, and the use of text-messaging among outpatients. Willingness to receive text messages and personal opinions about short message service (SMS were also investigated. Characteristics of outpatients, including socio-demographic factors, with a mobile phone (or those who could receive and read messages compared with those without a mobile phone (or those who could not receive and read messages were compared using the chi-square test. Logistic regression was used to analyze significant contributing factors associated with mobile phone ownership and the use of text messages.Results: A large majority of outpatients owned personal mobile phones (94.9% and could receive and read the messages (78.9%. Most of the outpatients were willing to receive a pre-procedure education via text message (81.9%. Outpatients aged 16–39 years old and those with a college education or higher were more likely to use mobile phones and read SMS than outpatients aged 60–80 years old and those with only a primary education level (P<0.0001. Outpatients who lived in an urban setting were more likely to own a mobile phone than outpatients who lived in a rural setting (P=0.002.Conclusion: The accessibility of mobile phones and the frequent use of message functions

  20. 以制度规范党内民主建设——论邓小平党内民主制度建设思想的实践价值%Standardizing the System of Inner-party Democracy Construction——on practical value of Deng Xiaoping's thinking on the building of inner-party democratic system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇

    2008-01-01

    邓小平党内民主思想十分丰富,其中带有根本性、全局性、稳定性和长期性的是邓小平关于党内民主制度建设的思想.在党内民主制度建设方面,邓小平主张健全党内选举制度、实行党的代表大会常任制、重视党内监督制度建设.这些思想对于新时期的党内民主建设具有十分重要的实践价值.

  1. 政治理性与东方智慧:邓小平、李光耀思维方式之比较%Political Rationality and Oriental Wisdom: A Comparison between Deng Xiaoping's Mode of Thinking and That of Lee Kuan Yew

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕元礼

    2009-01-01

    中国改革开放的总设计师邓小平和新加坡国父李光耀的思维方式表现出富有东方智慧的理性精神.邓小平"不管白猫、黑猫,捉住老鼠就是好猫"的"猫论"和李光耀一切以行得通为原则的"行得通论",体现了实用理性;邓小平"摸着石头过河,走一步,看一步"的"摸论"和李光耀鞋子"穿得越久,就越觉得合适"的"鞋论",体现了渐进理性;邓小平"不搞争论"、"抓紧时间干"的"不争论"和李光耀"是社会主义,是资本主义,将来怎样,让下一代去决定"的"存而不论",体现了实践理性.

  2. First Getting Well-off, Getting Well-off Later, then Getting Well-off together-- My Reflection of Studying Deng Xiaoping's Distribution Theory and Regional Development Theory%先富后富共同富裕--学习邓小平分配理论和区域发展理论的体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林凌

    2004-01-01

    @@ 邓小平的经济理论涉及非常广泛的领域.其中老百姓感受最深、影响最大的莫过于"先富后富、共同富裕"理论.邓小平说:"让一部分人、一部分地区先富起来、先发展起来,先富带动后富,最终实现共同富裕."这句话浅显、易懂,干部明白,老百姓也明白,似乎不像是经济学理论,更像是经济政策.但认真分析研究起来,却具有深邃的理论意义和理论价值.

  3. MEETING AND BALANCE: THE PATRONAGE OF NARRATIVE ELEMENTS IN THE NOVELS DÜRDANE HANIM AND İNTİBAH - VUSLAT VE DENGE: DÜRDANE HANIM VE İNTİBAH ROMANLARINDA ANLATISAL ÖGELERİN HAMİLİĞİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nesrin AYDIN SATAR

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluates the perception of novel in Tanzimat era taking into consideration the authors’ “social engineering” mission at that time which they admit in order to prepare and educate the society about the new impact area when the society was exposed to the Western influence because of the political, psychological and sociological conditions of the period. Moreover, it investigates the accomplishment of concerning mission through the third-person singular whom the narrator is gathered to/transforms into. As materials for this article, the novels Dürdane Hanım by Ahmet Mithat Efendi and İntibah by Namık Kemal are chosen. Throughout the article, by dealing with the narrators’ directings of the audience from the fictive world and the reasons of of this direction, it is manifested that narrative elements and depictions in Tanzimat novels serve the purpose of educating and directing the society. Thus, in setting of social identity, the role of the initial novels in Turkish literature will be examined. Bu çalışma, Tanzimat dönemi yazarlarının; çağın politik, psikolojik ve sosyolojik durumu gereği Batı etkisinde kalan toplumu, bu yeni etki alanı için hazırlamak ve eğitmek adına üstlendikleri “toplum mühendisliği” görevini göz önünde bulundurarak dönemin roman anlayışını değerlendirir. Dahası dönemin romanlarındaki anlatıcının kurmaca karaktere kavuştuğu/dönüştüğü üçüncü tekil şahıs aracalığıyla söz konusu görevin gerçekleşmesini araştırır. Bu araştırma için malzeme olarak Ahmet Mithat Efendi’nin Dürdane Hanım ve Namık Kemal’in İntibah romanları seçilmiştir. Araştırma boyunca, seçilen romanlarda anlatıcıların okuyucuyu kurmaca dünyası içinden yönlendirmeleri ve bu yönlendirmenin nedenlerinden bahsedilerek, Tanzimat romanlarındaki anlatısal öğelerin ve betimlemelerin toplumu eğitmeye ve yönlendirmeye hizmet edişi gösterilir. Böylece, Türk edebiyatında ilk romanların toplumsal bilinç kurmaya etkisi irdelenir.

  4. A Critical Examination about Several Dates of Historical Facts in A Chronicle of Deng Xiaoping's Life (1904-1974), Vol.1%《邓小平年谱(1904-1974)》上卷几则史事日期考辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方海兴

    2015-01-01

    对照有关事件亲历者的年谱和日记,经考证可知,1935年长征途中邓小平到达哈达铺的日期不是9月18日而是9月21日,哈达铺陕甘支队团以上干部会议召开日期不是9月20日而是9月22日;红军西征时邓小平到达吴起镇是在1936年5月23日之后,而非5月19日;1937年邓小平主持八路军总部出师抗日誓师大会是在9月6日,而非9月5日.

  5. 邓小平对列宁利用资本主义的思想的继承与发展%Deng Xiaoping Carries Forward and Blazes New Trails in Lenin's Thoughton How to Screen the Experience of Capitalist Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄筱纯

    2002-01-01

    本文通过列宁和邓小平在对外开放,学习、利用资本主义国家长处的思想的比,阐明邓小平继承并创造性地发展了列宁借鉴、利用资本主义社会文明成果的理论,极大地丰富了马列主义科学主义学说的理论宝库.

  6. 西北史地学背景下的徐松与邓廷桢、林则徐交谊%The Relationship between u Song, Deng Ting zheng and Lin Zexu under the Background of Northwestern History and Geography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱玉麒

    2010-01-01

    徐松的是清代西北历史地理学最为重要的著作之一.这部著作最终在道光十九年由两广总督邓廷桢刊刻流行,与徐松、邓廷桢之间亲密的友谊有关,也与他们共同的经世意识有关.其后的林则徐在陕西巡抚任上给予徐松崇高的评价,也与他在遣戍西域期间对的深刻印象有关.围绕着,徐松与邓廷桢、林则徐这三位先后遣戍伊犁的文士的交谊,体现了清代西北历史地理学兴盛的重要人文因素.

  7. A Study of Position Transitional Differences of the Interrogative Pronoun "He Deng" and "He" in the Buddhist Sutra of the Eastern Han%东汉佛经疑问代词"何等""何"地位演变差异探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高列过

    2009-01-01

    "何等"与"何"是东汉佛经使用最为广泛的两个疑问代词,从安世高译经到康孟详译经短短60余年间,"何等"在特指问句中的使用额率下降了,而"何"却稳中有升.之所以此消彼长,是因为"何等"过分集中地使用在事物疑问句中,作主语时,与谓语的搭配形式过于单调,优势地位逐渐丧失;"何"在事物、原因疑问句都有较多使用,作主语时与谓语的搭配形式丰富多变,因而获得了稳固的地位.

  8. 《红灯记》改编、排演始末--纪念老友阿甲逝世十周年%Hong Deng Ji Revise amd Rehearse--Commemorate My Old Friend A Ja Passed Away for ten years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张东川

    2004-01-01

    @@ 阿甲同志离开我们已经十年了.我和阿甲在京剧战线上共同奋斗了五十多个春秋,回忆往事,历历在目.1938年在延安,就一起参加演出了,阿甲饰萧恩,我饰倪荣,而萧桂英则由江青扮演.

  9. 中山市儿童青少年心理健康状况调查及相关因素分析%REN Yan - zhen,HUANG Cai - ying,HUANG Miao - fei,DENG Da - yong,DU Bao - guo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任衍镇; 黄彩英; 黄妙妃; 邓大勇; 杜宝国

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand mental health status and related factors among children and adolescents in Zhongshan,and provide scientific basis for the promotion of their mental health. Methods A total of 2281 students in four primary and secondary schools of Zhongshan City were sampled by stratified random cluster sampling. They were investigated with Achenbach Children Behav-ior Scale(CBCL),Parents’Rearing Style Questionnaire(EMBU)and General situation questionnaire for children and adolescents. Results Among the 2281 students,the prevalence of behavioral problems was 18. 76% ,and there was no significant difference be-tween male and female students(P 0.05)。非父母抚养组及低收入组外化性行为得分分别高于父母抚养组及中高收入组[(7.08±6.41)vs.(6.12±7.10);(6.63±6.72)vs.(5.93±7.59),P 均<0.05],非家庭和睦组在内化性行为得分、外化性行为得分及行为问题总分上都高于家庭和睦组( P 均<0.01)。Pearson 相关分析显示,儿童青少年内化性行为得分、外化性行为得分及行为问题总分均与父、母的温暖理解因子得分呈负相关(r =-0.18~-0.13,P 均<0.01),与父母的惩罚严厉、拒绝否认、过度保护干涉等因子得分呈正相关(r =0.11~0.24,P 均<0.01)。进一步 logistic 回归分析显示儿童青少年行为问题相关因素依次是:家庭氛围、父亲温暖理解、母亲过度保护及干涉(P 均<0.05)。其中,家庭氛围越紧张,父亲温暖理解得分越低,母亲过度保护及干涉得分越高,儿童青少年越倾向于出现行为障碍(P 均<0.05)。结论中山市儿童青少年行为问题较突出,紧张的家庭氛围、母亲过度保护干涉及缺乏父亲温暖理解的教养方式对行为问题的发生有不利影响。

  10. Role of Chinese Traditional Medicine in the Treatment of Chronic Nephritis in the Course of Tailoring Corticosteriod%慢性肾炎激素撤退过程中中药治疗钩玄

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周雄根

    2001-01-01

    Adrenocorticosteriod play an important role in the treatment of chronic nephritis,and it can relieve mose of patients with chronic nephritis,however its side effects are observed in the course of treatment.In this article,We put stress on the importance of Chinese traditional medicine in the course of tailoring cortisteriod.From modern pharmacologic side,wepresented the idea and methoid of combining Bian Zheng with Bian Bing,as well asdeniostrated effective mechanism of Chinese traditional medicine in the course of tailoring corticosteroid in chronic nephritis.

  11. The Performance Measurement of Enterprises Traded in Borsa Istanbul the Emerging Companies Market with Grey Relational Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadir TUNA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the performance measurement of eleven enterprises traded in Borsa Istanbul the Emerging Companies Market was performed. For this aim, six-rates were obtained by using the balance sheet and income statement data of the year 2011. The Grey Relational Analysis was applied by using these rates. As a result of the analysis, it was concluded that Denge Yatirim Holding Inc. (DENGE had the highest performance. Furthermore, it was found that the rates of net profit/total assets, net profit/capital stock, net profit/net sales of DENGE had high profitability ratios values.

  12. The Day of Retirement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    Mao Mao, also called Deng Rong, Deng Xiaoping’s daughter was born in Chongqing City, Sichuan Province, in 1950. Not long ago in 1993, she pub lished her father’s biography, My Father Deng Xiaoping (Volume Ⅰ), a 520,000 word biographical novel. With ease and verve, she described her father’s rich and legendary life. The book is filled with a daughter’s love and respect for her father. To express our memory of our late leader, we have chosen to present the first chapter of the book to our readers.

  13. Gone With Glory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Zhu Guangya, China’s leading A-bomb and H-bomb scientist passes away Zhu Guangya, a renowned nuclear physicist, died in Beijing on February 26 at the age of 87. Zhu was an aca- demician at the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the Chinese Academy of Engineering. He contributed to the devel- opment of China’s first atomic and hydrogen bombs in the 1960s, and participated in nearly all related research and development programs.

  14. Analysis and Improvement of Authenticatable Ring Signcryption Scheme

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Fa-gen; Shirase Masaaki; Takagi Tsuyoshi

    2008-01-01

    We show that the Zhang-Yang-Zhu-Zhang identity-based authenticatable ring signcryption scheme is not secure against chosen plaintext attacks.Furthermore,we propose an improved scheme that remedies the weakness of the Zhang-Yang-Zhu-Zhang scheme.The improved scheme has shorter ciphertext size than the Zhang-Yang-Zhu-Zhang scheme.We then prove that the improved scheme satisfies confidentiality,unforgeability,anonymity and authenticatability.

  15. GEOTHERMICS GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    20151090 Bian Huiying(School of Environmental Sciences and Engineering,Chang’an University,Xi’an 10054,China);Wang Shuangming Hydrodynamic Conditions of Geothermal Water in Gushi Depression of Guanzhong Basin(Coal Geology&Exploration;,ISSN1001-1986,CN61-1155/P,42(3),2014,p.50-54,60,9illus.,11refs.,

  16. HYDROGEOLOGY & ENGINEERING GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>(1) HYDROGEOLOGY20041696 Bian Jinyu (Department of Earth Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu); Fang Rui Analysis of Controlling Factors of Ground water Quality in Yancheng Area, Jiangsu Province, China (Hydrogeolo gy & Engineering Geology, ISSN 1000 -3665, CN11-2202/P, 30(5), 2003, p. 56 - 60, 1 illus. , 4 tables, 5 refs. ) Key words: groundwater quality evaluation, Jiangsu Province

  17. Retracted: Effects of pro-inflammatory cytokines on mineralization potential of rat dental pulp stem cells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, X.; Walboomers, X.F.; Bian, Z.; Jansen, J.A.; Fan, M.

    2011-01-01

    The following article from the Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, 'Effects of Pro-inflammatory Cytokines on Mineralization Potential of Rat Dental Pulp Stem Cells' by Yang X, Walboomers XF, Bian Z, Jansen JA, Fan M, published online on 11 July 2011 in Wiley Online Library (onli

  18. Chinese-English Rocketry Dictionary. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-02-01

    observation 12 sushi guangdu [ visual luminosity 1- mushi jianyan visual Inspection; 14 visual examination; visual check; sight control; inspect...qingeejito sudu tuoluoyi rol rae -o pickap 1 qingoejiso cut shijiand bian- Q1l flU tft riO dJMn) ’ts time history of bank 19hua (angle qingdao f¶j Pouring

  19. Strongly Phase-Segregating Block Copolymers with Sub-20 nm Features

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    and Macromolecular Chemistry (IOMC), Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaẗ Jena, Humboldtstr. 10, 07743 Jena, Germany ‡Jena Center for Soft Matter (JCSM...4) Tran, H.; Killops, K. L.; Campos, L. M. Soft Matter 2013, 9, 6578. (5) Zhong, X.; Bailey, N. A.; Schesing, K. B.; Bian, S.; Campos, L. M

  20. Taiwan: Recent Developments and U.S. Policy Choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-05

    dynasty on Taiwan finally was broken on March 18, 2000, when DPP candidate Chen Shui-bian won the presidency with only 39% of the popular vote. The...2002), and for Taiwan’s Defense Minister, Tang Yao-ming (March 2002), who attended a defense conference in Florida and while there met with U.S. Deputy

  1. What Comes Next? An Argument for Irregular War in National Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    conduct a static line jump from a C-130 aircraft during Fuerzas Comando 2012 at the Colom- bian National Training Center on Fort Tolemaida...combat operations in dollars and in human capital require an alternative. What comes next? The answer: An energized, muscular strategy of irregular war

  2. Hexacarbonyl-2κ3C,3κ3C-di-μ3-sulfido-tetrakis(tetrahydrofuran-1κOcalciumdiiron(II(Fe—Fe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhail A. Ogienko

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Reaction between [Fe2(μ-S2(CO6] and [Ca(thf4(dpp-BIAN] [dpp-BIAN = 1,2-bis-(2,6-diisopropylphenyliminoacenaphthene and thf = tetrahydrofuran] proceeds as a redox process via a two-electron reduction of [Fe2(μ-S2(CO6] and a two-electron oxidation of (dpp-BIAN2−, resulting in the formation of the title heterometallic trinuclear cluster, [CaFe2(μ3-S2(C4H8O4(CO6], and neutral dpp-BIAN. In the cluster, the CaII atom is connected to two S atoms of an Fe2S2 core [Ca—S = 2.7463 (8 and 2.7523 (8 Å]. No Fe—Ca bonds are formed [Fe...Ca = 3.6708 (6 and 3.5802 (6 Å]. There are five close C–H...O–C contacts in the crystal structure.

  3. Characterization of Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior in LENS Fabricated Ti-6Al-4V Using High-Energy Synchrotron X-Ray Microtomography (Postprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-30

    the likelihood of crack initiation from the ompeting spot welds or pores instead of the initial flaw yields ow success rate during experimentation...Deposited Ti-6Al-4V and Inconel 718, ICAF, Bridg. Gap Between Theory Oper. Pract., Springer, The Netherlands, 2009, pp. 1261–1274. [9] L. Bian, S.M

  4. Measuring Intracranial Pressure and Correlation with Severity of Blast Traumatic Brain Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    PLoS One, 2012. 7(4): p. e34504. 22. Ansari, M.A., K.N. Roberts, and S.W. Scheff, A time course of contusion -induced oxidative stress and synaptic...response to pulmonary blast injury. J. Trauma 40, 100S–104S. Cernak, I., Wang, Z., Jiang, J., Bian, X., and Savic, J. (2001). Ultrastructural and

  5. Maillard reaction induces changes in saccharides and amino acids ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mei-Bian Hu, Wei Peng, Yu-Jie Liu, Dan Yan, Xi Chen, Chun-Jie Wu*. College of Pharmacy ... extracted with 80 % ethanol for 3 h to remove colored materials. ..... Xu M, Yang SL, Peng W, Liu YJ, Xie DS, Li XY, WU CJ. A Novel Method for the ...

  6. Synthesis, structural and solvent influence studies on solvatochromic mixed-ligand copper(II) complexes with the rigid nitrogen ligand: bis[ N-(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imino]acenaphthene

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Ayaan, Usama; Murata, Fumiko; El-Derby, Soheir; Fukuda, Yutaka

    2004-04-01

    Three mixed-ligand copper (II) complexes containing the rigid bidentate nitrogen ligand bis[ N-(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imino]acenaphthene (abbr. 2,4,6-Me 3C 6H 2-BIAN) and β-diketonate (dike) ligands are reported and characterized. These complexes namely, [Cu(dike)(2,4,6-Me 3C 6H 2-BIAN)]ClO 4 {where dike=acac (acetylacetonate), bzac (benzoylacetonate) or (dibm) dibenzoylmethanate}have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic, magnetic and molar conductance measurements. In addition to their high solubility in various organic solvents, these three complexes show a color change on going from one solvent to another, that is, strong solvatochromism of their solutions. The observed solvatochromism is mainly due to the solute-solvent interaction between the chelate cation and the solvent molecules. Reported also are the X-ray crystal structures of the free 2,4,6-Me 3C 6H 2-BIAN ligand and the [Cu(acac)(2,4,6-Me 3C 6H 2-BIAN)]ClO 4 complex.

  7. Retracted: Effects of pro-inflammatory cytokines on mineralization potential of rat dental pulp stem cells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, X.; Walboomers, X.F.; Bian, Z.; Jansen, J.A.; Fan, M.

    2011-01-01

    The following article from the Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, 'Effects of Pro-inflammatory Cytokines on Mineralization Potential of Rat Dental Pulp Stem Cells' by Yang X, Walboomers XF, Bian Z, Jansen JA, Fan M, published online on 11 July 2011 in Wiley Online Library

  8. PEOPLE & POINTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Embattled Leader Taiwan leader Chen Shui-bian, since his election in 2000, seems to have gotten used to diverting the heat from his own political maladies by provoking the Chinese mainland with pro-independence moves, such as drafting a "new constitution" for the island. But the wily politician may find his antics won't achieve their desired effect this time.

  9. Taiwani presidendivalimised jäid kohtu sekkumisel patiseisu / Märt Läänemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Läänemets, Märt, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Taiwani presidendivalimised võitis napilt senine president Chen Shui-bian, kohus pitseeris hääletuskastid, kui nõuti häälte ülelugemist. Referendumist Hiina-Taiwani suhete kohta ja selle läbikukkumisest. Diagramm

  10. GEOCHRONOMETRY & ISOTOPE GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>20091213 Deng Xiaodong(State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074,China);Li Jianwei 40Ar/ 39Ar Geochronology of Weathering Crust: Significance,Problems,and Prospect(Geo-

  11. Reference: ZDNAFORMINGATCAB1 [PLACE

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ZDNAFORMINGATCAB1 Yadav V, Kundu S, Chattopadhyay D, Negi P, Wei N, Deng XW, Chatto...padhyay S Light regulated modulation of Z-box containing promoters by photoreceptors and downstream regulato

  12. China Disabled Persons' Federation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    China Disabled Persons' Federation (CDPF), founded in Beijing in 1988, is a national organization of/for all persons with disabilities (PWDs) of different categories in China. Mr. Deng Pufang is currently the Chairman.

  13. FROM THE CHINESE PRESS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    Compiled by the Central Document Compiling Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CPC), the third volume of the Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping was published by the People’s Publishing House and was issued nationwide on November 2, 1993.

  14. PALEOZOOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    20161130Deng Tao(Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins,Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing100044,China);Wang Xiaomin Evolution of

  15. Nomenclatural Novelties in Justicia Linn. (Acanthaceae) from China%中国爵床属(爵床科)新名称

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏念和; 邓云飞

    2005-01-01

    In the course of preparing the manuscript of Acanthaceae for Flora of Guangdong, broad concept of Justicia is accepted. Two new names (J. demissa and J. neolinerifolia) and two new combinations (J. hainanensis and J. neolinerifolia subsp. liangkwangensis) are proposed.%在编写爵床科的过程中,我们采用广义爵床属Justicia的概念,因此有部分种类的名称需要重新组合.提出了爵床属4个新名称:矮爵床J.demissa N.H.Xia&Y.F.Deng,海南爵床J.hainanensis(C.Y.Wu&H.S.Lo)N.H.Xia&Y.F.Deng,线叶爵床J.neolinearifoliaN.H.Xia&Y.F.Deng和两广线叶爵床J.neolinearifolia N.H.Xia&Y.F.Deng subsp.liangkwangensis(H.S.Lo)N.H.Xia&Y.F.Deng.

  16. Five Extraordinary Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    THE Hong Kong Special Administrative Regionis now five years old. These have been fiveextraordinary and innovative years, duringwhich the concept of "one country, two sys-tems" advocated by Deng Xiaoping has become a

  17. Humanitarian reform and new institutional responses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennis McNamara

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1998, in their groundbreaking book Masses inFlight, Roberta Cohen and Francis Deng noted theweakness of inter-agency coordination, lack of clearinstitutional responsibility for IDPs and unevenresponse to their needs. Has anything changed?

  18. Are You Creditworthy?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A central bank personal credit information database is set to help banks make informed decisions when approving credit cards or loans Deng Ming, a fresh graduate who works with a newspaper in Beijing, spends almost all her monthly salary. But she has 12 credit cards with credit lines ranging from 3,000 to 8,000 yuan, with the total credit line touching 60,000 yuan. Deng said she

  19. PEOPLE & POINTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Innovated In China Deng Zhonghan, the 37-year-old co-founder and CEO of Beijing-based chips manufacturer Vimicro Corporation, walked away with top honors in an annual selection of business people of the year sponsored by national broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV). Deng's pocketing of the prestigious honors in China's business world came as no surprise since his company's breakthroughs in developing chips with proprietary intellectual property in China perfectly matches the key selection criteri...

  20. Double-Identity Olympian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Champion-turned-Olympic official Deng Yaping is determined to make Beijing’s Olympic Village first class In January 2007,Deng Yaping was appointed Deputy Director of the Olympic Village Department of the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad (BOCOG).Since then,people who know the former Olympic gold medalist for table tennis have begun to call her"village head."

  1. An Outstanding Record

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Edmund H. Dale

    2007-01-01

    <正>We first visited Shanghai in 1989 when the city was in the throes of redevelopment, a response to Deng Xiaoping’s modernization programmes in agriculture, industry, science and technology, and national defence. Becoming leader of the country in 1978, Deng Xiaoping and the post-Mao leaders immediately put to flight China’s old "closed door" policy, created four Special Economic Zones in South China, designated 14 coastal cities for redevelopment, and opened the redevel

  2. Thermospheric/Ionospheric Extension of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM-X)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-30

    the three­ dimensional chemical transport Model for Ozone and Related chemical Tracers ( MOZART ) [Brasseur et al., 1998], which solves 51 neutral...growth in a whole atmosphere climate model, J. Atmos. Sci., in press, 2008.) Deng et al. examined the non-hydrostatic effect on the upper atmosphere...Deng, Y., A. D. Richmond, A. J. Ridley, and H.-L. Liu, Assessment of the non­ hydrostatic effect on the upper atmosphere using a general circulation

  3. 缤纷前沿

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Ms.Yaping Deng Harvested Cambridge University’s PhD乒坛女皇传奇依旧,攻下剑大博士学位Deng Yaping is really a legendary Chinese table ten- nis champion.When retiring at the age of 24,she had won 4 Olympic gold medals,and had been 18 times world champion.She has also showed a superior talent for the

  4. Analysis of and Thinking about Current Situation of International Oil Price--Making a Visit to Mr. Zhu He, the Vice Chief Engineer of SINOPEC Economic & Development Research Institute%当前国际油价形势分析及思考--访中国石化经济技术研究院朱和副总工程师

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱和

    2003-01-01

    @@ 主持人:自1983年到1997年,经历15年相对平稳的、较低的油价后,1998年以来,国际油价进入一个较高价位的多波动期.继1998年至2000年一轮油价大落大起后,2001年4季度,2002年1季度国际油价进入自"9@11"事件后的低谷期,而后开始回升,到2002年底及2003年初,国际石油价格再次大幅攀升,达到两年来的最高点.你怎么看待国际油价的这种多变呢?

  5. 比较哲学视阈下的“神”与“理”——以马勒伯朗士和朱熹为例%From the Perspective of Comparative Philosophy of "God" and "Li"——TakAing Malebranche and Zhu Xi for example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳

    2014-01-01

    在比较哲学的视阈下,朱熹的“理”和马勒伯朗士的“神”有可以通约的地方,二者都具备“至上性”、“创生性”和“完满性”等特点.当然,二者之间也存在不同之处,马勒伯朗士对朱熹的批判有合理的地方.朱熹关于“理气”思想的含混与基督教纯粹至上的“神”之间有很大不同.不仅如此,朱熹的“理”还带有一定伦理道德的经世色彩,这也是“上帝”观念中所没有的.

  6. 逐饮Ⅰ号对恶性胸水大鼠模型血清TUM2-PK含量和胸膜组织bFGF表达的影响%Effect on TUM2 - PK in Serum of MPE Rat Model and bFGF in Its Membrana Pleuralis Treated by Zhu Yin Ⅰ

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建秋; 李竹英; 蒋鹏娜

    2009-01-01

    目的:观察逐饮Ⅰ号对恶性胸水大鼠模型血清中肿瘤M2型丙酮酸激酶(TUM2-PK)和胸膜组织中碱性成纤维细胞因子(bFGF)的影响.方法:建立艾氏腹水瘤细胞株(EAC)恶性胸水大鼠模型,用ELISA法检测恶性胸水大鼠血清中TUM2-PK的含量,免疫组化法测定胸膜组织中bFGF的表达.结果:①恶性胸水大鼠模型组的血清TUM2-PK含量明显高于正常空白组,中药组、顺铂组、中药+顺铂组血清TUM2-PK含量明显低于模型组,中药+顺铂组的血清TUM2-PK含量明显低于顺铂组和中药组,中药组与顺铂组含量相近.②恶性胸水大鼠模型组的胸膜组织bFGF表达,明显高于空白组,中药组、顺铂组、中药加顺铂组的bFGF表达低于模型组,中药+顺铂组的bFGF表达,明显低于顺铂组和中药组,中药组与顺铂组相近.结论:①逐饮Ⅰ号可明显降低恶性胸水大鼠模型血清TUM2-PK含量.②逐饮Ⅰ号可明显降低恶性胸水大鼠模型胸膜组织bFGF表达.③逐饮Ⅰ号可能通过降低恶性胸水大鼠模型血清TUM2-PK含量及胸膜组织bFGF表达,达到抑制恶性胸水的目的.

  7. Subjective Ethnography and Paradigm Transition of Ethnography——An Interview with Professor Zhu Bingxiang, an Anthropologist%主体民族志与民族志范式变迁——人类学学者访谈录之七十九

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐杰舜; 朱炳祥

    2016-01-01

    全球化时代的“人类学”应该回归它原初的“研究人类的科学”的学术使命,重视其“人的研究”的内涵,故而,民族志也就应该执行“志人”的任务,从而成为“人志”“人类志”.提出“主体民族志”的概念既是基于对科学民族志与后现代民族志表述困境的思考.主体民族志是研究作为主体的“人”本身的一种志书,“主体”是指具有目的性与创造性的人,对于民族志的研究与写作而言,是指创造了民族志文本的人,而创造文本则是由三种不同的主体共同创造的.因此,主体民族志是由三重主体共同叙事的民族志文本.

  8. SPATIAL-TEMPORAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE BIOMASS OF ORATOSQUILLA ORATORIA IN THE COASTAL WATERS OF SOUTH ZHEJIANG DURING SPRING PAN Guo-Liang, ZHANG Long, ZHU Zeng-Jun, WANG Zhong-Ming, ZHANG Hong-Liang%浙江南部近岸海域春季口虾蛄(Oratosquilla oratoria)生物量的时空分布*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘国良; 张龙; 朱增军; 王忠明; 张洪亮

    2013-01-01

    Based on three surveys carried out by bottom trawl in spring (April, May and June) of 2011, the spa-tial-temporal distribution of the biomass of Oratosquilla oratoria in the coastal waters of South Zhejiang was analyzed. Two methods including sweep area method and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used here. The results showed that:for temporal distribution, the biomass of O. oratoria decreased from April to June, but there were no significant differences between them. For spatial distribution, the biomass of most of the survey positions was lower (150kg/km2)的空间分布与该月底温与底盐的变化相关。另外,随着月平均底盐特别是平均底温的升高,口虾蛄呈现逐月由较深海域向较浅海域移动的趋势。

  9. The Lord-Liege Tie between Zhu Yuanzhang and Liu Ji in Yu Ci Gui Lao Qing Tian Zhao%从《御赐归老青田诏》看朱元璋与刘基的君臣关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡克骄

    2007-01-01

    《御赐归老青田诏》为明洪武八年(1375)朱元璋遣使护送刘基还乡时所作,其言辞冷峻剀切,却又充满情感,透露出刘基在归附朱元璋前后的行迹,特别是为《明史》所讳言的一些史实,其内容的真实性为历来学者所肯定,可澄清后世对朱刘君臣关系的种种猜测,可谓朱元璋对其与刘基君臣关系的一个总结.

  10. 社会责任、社会资本与竞争力关系的实证研究——以长株潭地区企业为例%An Empirical Study of the Relationship among Social Responsibility, Social Capital and Competitiveness——Evidence from Enterprises of Chang-zhu-tan area in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾江洪; 何苹; 雷黎涛

    2014-01-01

    社会责任与社会资本都是提高企业竞争力的重要因素.企业通过履行社会责任,能够获得相应的社会资本,进而取得竞争优势.基于资源依赖理论,笔者以长株潭地区524家企业为研究样本,运用结构方程,对企业社会责任、社会资本与竞争力的关系进行实证研究,结果发现,企业履行社会责任可以有效提升竞争力;社会资本在这一关系中起到一定的中介作用;企业对不同利益相关者履行社会责任所获得的社会资本及提升竞争力的效果各不相同.研究结果为我国企业履行社会责任提供了指导依据.

  11. Lead industry with unique technical advantages——interview with Mr.ZHU Huadao,president of Husky Asia-pacific%以独特的技术优势引领行业——访赫斯基亚太总裁朱华道先生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李培珍

    2009-01-01

    @@ 赫斯基是全球著名的注塑系统和服务供应商,拥有业内最广泛的产品线.其所生产的设备被广泛应用于多个行业,如饮料瓶和瓶盖、食品容器、医药组件和消费者电子产品组件.

  12. On the Issue of Moral Mind and Human Mind in Neo Confucianism: Comparing the Theory of the Mind and the Theory of Zhu Xi%宋明理学中的道心人心问题——心学与朱熹的思想比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢晓东

    2009-01-01

    朱熹的道心人心统一论是心学道心人心思想的一个主要观照对象.王阳明和湛若水提出了道心人心对立论,要点在于把人心人欲化,从而与朱熹的观点形成明显对立.刘宗周则提出了道心人心一体论,要点在于认定道心是人心的本心,从而与朱学有更多相近之处.心学家的道心人心论述在其思想体系中总的来说没有独立意义,而这与朱熹对道心人心的高度关注颇为不同.这些分析和判断在一定程度上对余英时的相关观点构成了挑战.

  13. 从词汇层面看朱纯深《荷塘月色》英译本对意境的传达%On Artistic Conception Expressed in the English Version of Hetangyuese by Zhu Chunshen: from the Lexical Level

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄静芬

    2010-01-01

    本文从词汇层面出发,探讨朱纯深英译本对原文意境的传达.原文以借景抒情为主,也有直接抒情的部分,朱纯深译本的翻译很好地再现了原文在这两面的意境,传达了原文以乐景写哀情、朦胧美、韵律美等特点.

  14. Computational Analysis of Settlement and Stability of a High Rockfill Embankment in Construction Period of Ma-Zhu High Way%麻竹高速某高填石路堤施工期沉降及稳定性计算分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨波; 汪斌; 朱杰兵; 李聪

    2016-01-01

    填石高路堤的沉降和稳定性一直是山区高速公路建设中急需解决的关键问题之一。文中对麻竹高速公路某填石高路堤施工期的沉降、侧向位移及稳定性进行了数值模拟计算,研究表明,该填石高路堤施工期最大沉降量为250 mm,最大沉降部位位于该59 m 路堤高度的58%处,稳定性分析结果表明,该路堤边坡整体稳定性较好,正常工况下稳定性系数达到2.21;工后相当一段时间内沉降量较小。通过施工期累计沉降监测数据与数值模拟结果对比,表明监测值要比理论计算值小,并给出了原因分析。%The embankment settlement and stability is one of the most important issues needed to be resolved during highway construction in mountainous area.The horizontal displacement and vertical settlement are simulated with FEM method during the progress of the high rockfill embankment.And the stability of whole embankment is analyzed based on the limit equilibrium method.Research shows that the maximum value of settlement is 250mm,in which located 58% height of this embankment. The calculated minimum factor of stability is 2.21 and it has good stability.By contrast with monito-ring settlement during construction,it is found that the former value is much less than the calculated one and the reasons for the difference are accounted in this paper.

  15. 宇宙生成论的中西比较——以朱熹和托马斯·阿奎那为例%Comparative Study of Chinese and Western in Theory of Cosmogony——As an Example of Zhu Xi and Thomas Aquinas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光顺

    2011-01-01

    朱熹和托马斯·阿奎那作为中西不同文化儒家和基督教发展史中重要的两个人物,对所针对的文化受众产生了重要影响,而他们的伦理学说实际上是建立在他们的宇宙生成论的基础上.本文详细分析比较了两人在最高的本体范畴、理(念)的具体化、世界的形成过程以及世界形成发展的动力来源等方面的异同,试图找出出现这些差异的原因所在.

  16. 朝鲜儒者南塘的人物性异论及对朱熹理论的新发展%The Theory of Difference between Human and Inhuman Substance of Korean Confucian Nantang and its Influence in the New Development of Zhu Xi's Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢丽菊

    2011-01-01

    关于理气同异,朱子不仅初年和晚年观点不一致,而且在同一时期的论述中也存在分歧,这就为以后的论争埋下了伏笔.朝鲜儒者南塘创造性地提出了"性三层说",即超形气之性、因气质之性和杂气质之性.前者是从一原的层次上单指理而几乎不考虑气影响的纯粹的性.此时万物理同、性同.中者从理气各指的角度同时表现了同种之间的普遍性和异种之间的特殊性,是因气质的理.同种事物气同,故理同、性同;异种事物气不同,故理异、性异.后者是从理气兼指角度考虑到万物气质差异的纯粹的气质之性,表现了万物的特殊性.此时万物气异、理异、性异.

  17. 考辨张竹坡家世生平 撰述《金瓶梅》研究长编——吴敢金学研究综论%To Trace Back ZHang Po-zhu's Family Saga, To Summarize the Researches on The Golden Lotus A Review of WU Gan's Researches on The Golden Lotus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高淮生

    2013-01-01

    吴敢的《金瓶梅》研究主要用力点包括两个方面:一是张竹坡与《金瓶梅》研究,一是20世纪金瓶梅研究史研究.主要代表性著作即《张竹坡与〈金瓶梅〉研究》和《20世纪金瓶梅研究史长编》,它们为金学大厦的建构奠定了重要基石.同时,吴敢担负了《金瓶梅》研究者队伍集结的学术使命,即学会与学刊的筹建和创办,他的这一学术活动为金学研究的学风建设以及各种学术典范建构做出了自己的实绩.

  18. The construction of gan zhu shuxie (liver controlling conveyance and dispersion), as viewed from the contemporary teaching material of basic theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine%从中医基础理论类教材看“肝主疏泄”的建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳宇智; 马燕冬

    2014-01-01

    在现行中医基础理论类教材中,“肝主疏泄”涉及到对人体整体生理功能、消化功能、精神情志活动、血液循环、水液代谢、生殖功能多方面的功能调节.从此类教材来看,学术界对“肝主疏泄”理论的建构,可分为3个阶段:20世纪50-70年代,教材中基本未提及“肝主疏泄”理论;20世纪70-80年代中期,各版本教材中关于“肝主疏泄”的论述并不统一;20世纪80年代中期后至今,教材中对“肝主疏泄”的论述理论基本趋于统一.%In current teaching material of basic theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM),the theory of "liver controlling conveyance and dispersion" covers the functional adjustment of many aspects,including the overall human physiology,digestion,mental activity,blood circulation,water metabolism and reproduction.Through the research of the teaching material of TCM basic theory since the establishment of the People' s Republic of China,it can be considered that there are 3 stages for the construction of the theory of "liver controlling conveyance and dispersion".From the 1950s to 1970s,this theory was not mentioned in any teaching materials; from the 1970s to the mid 1980s,different views about this theory can be seen in the teaching materials; after the mid 1980s,this theory in the teaching materials became gradually basically identical.

  19. The Sun and the Moon——the Differences and Their Cultural Reasons between Romeo and Juliet and Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai%太阳与月亮之美——《罗密欧与朱丽叶》和《梁山伯与祝英台》之差异及其文化成因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林富丽

    2009-01-01

    和尽管母题相同,但在人物性格、悲剧精神和结局这三方面仍呈现出明显差异.无疑,这两部悲剧的不同特色与孕育它们的文化背景密切相关.本文对两部悲剧这三方面的差异作了粗浅的分析并从文化角度探讨了这些差异的成因.

  20. 从《梁山伯与祝英台》《罗密欧与朱丽叶》看中西民族文化心理%View Chinese and Western National Cultural Psychology from Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai , Romeo and Juliet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳雪浩

    2001-01-01

    人类文化学原理告诉我们,不同的历史背景和文化氛围会形成不同的民族文化心理结构和文化现象.本文从文化学的角度,认为体现了内陆型农业文化心理,折射了海洋型商业文化心理.

  1. 建筑理性与责任的独白:《华尔街日报》专访北京市建筑设计研究院朱小地院长%The Rationality of Architecture and Monologue of Responsibilities:The Wall Street Journal Interviewed Zhu Xiaodi,President of Beijing Institute of Architectural Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    《建筑创作》编辑部

    2008-01-01

    2008年7月10日.本刊与(华尔街日报》(《THEWAU STREET JOURNAL.》)记者共同就北京城市建筑的风貌.特点以及未来的发展趋势等问题对北京市建筑设计研究院院长,总建筑师朱小地进行了专访。采访中.朱小地院长为我们详细梳理了北京自改革开放以来的城市建设和发展历程.并对如何处理好北京城的传统保护与现代化发展提出了中肯而宝贵的意见和建议。

  2. Comparison of Translation Styles between Lin Shao-hua and Lai Ming-zhu-Taking Translation of Works of Haruki Murakami as an Example%林少华与赖明珠的翻译风格之比较——以翻译村上春树作品为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金兵; 刘青梅

    2011-01-01

    译者的风格是文学翻译中译者身份的标识,译者风格的建构离不开译文所体现的语言特征和贯穿于译文的翻译现.林少华和赖明珠两位翻译家所译村上春树作品风格迥异,这是由于译者处于不同的文化背景,出于各自的翻译原则和审美取向,采用了不同的解读文本策略,从而分别形成了两种艺术风格.

  3. 纯正文艺的庄重与热诚——论朱光潜主编的《民国日报·文艺》%Solemn and sincere of the pure art——On the Republic Daily· Literature by Zhu Guangqian editoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨爱芹

    2012-01-01

    朱光潜主编的《民国日报·文艺》推崇纯正文艺,追求高雅品位,强调理论和创作双向发展.这份刊物对文学理论、文学批评非常重视,既体现理论在文学发展过程中的重要性,又结合文学发展的实际需要建构理论;同时,刊物发表了一些艺术性较高的纯文学作品,在雅正的文字中,包含深切的人生关怀.对《民国日报·文艺》的内容进行梳理和研究,对于认识朱光潜先生的编辑思想,厘定这份刊物在文学发展史上的意义以及充实现代文学史资料都有着一定的价值.

  4. Zhu Xi's Interpretation and Argument of"To completely overcome selfishness and keep to propriety is humaneness"%朱子对"克己复礼"的诠释与辨析——论朱子对"以理易礼"说的批评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牟坚

    2009-01-01

    如何克服只有高明而无下学、有理而无礼是理学从北宋到南宋的中心问题,朱子在、、、中对"克己复礼"不断深化的诠释,正是通过经学诠释这一中国哲学特有的方式来响应此一问题.朱子对他之前宋代理学各家之说的辨析、取舍之细微处是最不能轻易滑过去的,对"以理易礼"说的批评则是关键所在,理不是愈来愈高,而是愈来愈实,学问的愈精处就是愈切实可循处."以理易礼"说一方面是只讲理而不讲礼,但更复杂的一方面是以为有理就自然能合于礼,从理到礼之间发生了一个跳跃或滑转,取消了对礼的下学的过程,而这一下学的过程正是儒学、理学的工夫所在,即只有在礼的下学中,在事事的应对中,儒家的社会、政治秩序才有保证."以理易礼"说取消实质性的礼的危险性更为隐蔽,在这一关节点上析理必须更精、更切实,不然就会出现后来的阳明后学取消下学与礼文而实为在社会上形成毁弃礼教之弊.朱子对"克己复礼"析理之精,正是为了警惕以后理学可能出现的问题.本文凸显朱子与宋明理学的精义在于对礼的重视,希图改变现今注重心性论的宋明理学研究.

  5. 试论艺术大学生专业实践能力与社会责任感结合培养--以北京理工大学珠海学院为例%TRY TO TALK ABOUT ART COLLEGE STUDENTS' PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE ABILITY AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY COMBINED WITH TRAINING-- BEIJING INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ZHU HAI FOR EXAMPLE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔震; 蔡成尧

    2016-01-01

    大学生社会责任感培养是大学生教育中重要的一个方面,如今大学生社会责任感缺失是急需弥补的一个环节,作为艺术专业大学生担任着社会设计师的重任,本研究旨在探讨艺术大学生实践能力与社会责任感结合培养模式,从而培养未来设计师的社会责任感,达到互惠共赢的目的。%Social responsibility cultivation is an important aspect of colege education. Nowadays, the lacking of social responsibility of colege students has become an urgent task. The art major colege students act as social designer. This study mainly talks about the combined cultivating pattern of art major students' practice ability and social responsibility to improve the future designers' social responsibility and achieve the purpose of mutual benefit.

  6. 朱生豪莎士比亚译本赏析——以奈达的动态对等理论为视角%Appreciation of Zhu Shenghao's Translation on Shakespeare's Works by Eugene Nida's Dynamic Equivalence Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏博雅

    2016-01-01

    朱生豪的莎译本在国内译界具有举足轻重的地位.文章用尤金·奈达的动态对等理论来探讨朱生豪翻译的莎士比亚作品,认为朱生豪灵活运用了意译、省译和增译的方法使其译作达到了奈达所提倡“最自然的对等”效果,有力地传达了莎士比亚作品中所蕴含的人文关怀.

  7. Rhetoric Deconstruction of Model Opera: Criticism on Zhu Keyi's A Linguistic Interpretation of Model Opera, and Comments on the Rhetoric Deconstructive Approaches%"样板戏"的修辞解构--评祝克懿的《语言学视野中的"样板戏"》, 兼论修辞解构的方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘大为

    2006-01-01

    @@ 祝克懿先生的挑战了一个艰难的话题--正如作者在书中所指出的,"‘样板戏'始终是以异常复杂、扑朔迷离的面貌呈现于世人面前的",直到今日,它还处在一种"褒贬不一生存状态"中.

  8. 求真求雅形神兼备——读朱宾忠教授等的新译《彼得·潘》%Pursuit of Faithfulness and Elegance and Combination of Formal Similarity and Spiritual Similarity——on Professor Zhu Binzhong's New Translation of Peter Pan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜

    2008-01-01

    是一部风靡全球的儿童文学作品.朱宾忠教授等的新译承袭了原著优美的语言风格,传达了其神韵.同时,译者洞悉儿童的心理.其语言充满童趣,富有诗意,蕴含哲理,实现了翻译的"功能对等".

  9. Zhu Jiahua's Diplomatic Activities to Nazi Germany during the Middle Period and the end of the Anti -Japanese War%抗战中后期朱家骅的对德活动——以国民党的对德舆论及敌后对德工作为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李乐曾

    2011-01-01

    抗战中后期,面对中德关系由危机转为断交、宣战,朱家骅以各种方式作出反应,在关注和干预对德舆论的同时,指示国民党敌后组织及有关人员建立对德工作渠道,妥善安置在华德侨,为战后两国关系的恢复创造条件.作为现有研究的延续,①本文以台湾中央研究院近代史研究所档案馆未刊朱家骅档案为基础,对这一时期朱家骅的对德立场及有关活动进行梳理和探讨.

  10. Teams Are Now Used by Many Technical Services Departments in Academic Libraries. A Review of: Zhu, L. (2011. Use of teams in technical services in academic libraries. Library Collections, Acquisitions, & Technical Services 35, 69-82. doi:10.1016/j.lcats.2011.03.013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirsty Thomson

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – An investigation of the use ofteams in technical services, provision oftraining on team-working, characteristics oftechnical services teams, and the effectivenessof teams.Design – Survey comprising of 19 closedquestions and one open question.Setting – Technical services departments inacademic libraries.Subjects– Responses were received from 322library staff members. Of those, 294 answeredthe survey question about team-basedtechnical services and 55.9% of respondentscompleted the full survey.Methods – An online survey was promotedvia seven technical services electronic mail listsand was conducted using SurveyMonkey.Main Results – The survey found that 39% oftechnical services were entirely team-based,18% were partly team-based, and 43% did notuse teams. Information was gathered about thenumber of teams, team nomenclature, andhow long teams have been used. This researchhighlighted the lack of provision of trainingand documentation about working in teams.Conclusion – Many respondents have team-basedtechnical services, and most participantsfound that working in teams had a positiveimpact. A systematic application of this surveyis planned for the future.

  11. On the Inner-contradiction of His Aesthetics' System from Zhu Guangqian's Revaluation of Friedrich Nietzsche and Turning to Marxism%从朱光潜重估尼采和皈依马克思主义看他美学体系的内在矛盾

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宛小平

    2001-01-01

    本文强调朱光潜是一个有很深传统文化底蕴的人.他在留学西方之前已初步形成了艺术是对现实苦难的一种观照的观点,尼采不过是朱光潜审美人生现在西方圣哲中的一个"道具".文章指出,朱光潜美学的根基是立在中国传统美学精神之上的.因此,当他后来皈依马克思主义时,他很注意把马克思关于人生、人情、人道和这种传统精神结合起来,从而对马克思如何将实践观运用于解决美学问题提出了自己的新观点.当然,作者也认为朱光潜美学体系存在矛盾,但这种矛盾根本上讲还是中西方两种不同文化冲突在他体系中的一种折射.

  12. 食管鳞状细胞癌中miR-183-5p、TβRⅠ及TβRⅡ的表达%Expression of miR-183-5p, TβRⅠand TβRⅡin esophageal squamous cell carcinoma Zhu Longping, You Jianliang, Hu Pingping, Mao Chaoming, Chen Deyu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱龙萍; 尤建良; 胡萍萍; 毛朝明; 陈德玉

    2016-01-01

    Objective To study the expression and clinical significance of miR-183-5p, TβRⅠ and TβRⅡ in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Methods The mRNA and protein expression of miR-183-5p, TβRⅠ and TβRⅡ were examined in ESCC cell lines ECA-109, TE-1, normal esophageal epithelial cells, tumor tissues and tumor-free tissues from 72 ESCC patients. Their clinical significance and the relationship between miR-183-5p and the latter two were analyzed. The effects of miR-183-5p on the expression of TβRⅠand TβRⅡ in ECA-109 cells and the cell functions of ECA-109 were also investigated. Results Compared with the normal esophageal epithelia cells, ESCC cell lines TE-1 and ECA-109 were statistically characterized by a high expression of miR-183-5p (all P<0.05) and low expression of TβRⅠand TβRⅡ(all P<0.05). The expression of miR-183-5p in ESCC tissues was higher than that in adjacent normal tissues, while the expressions of TβRⅠ and TβRⅡ were lower (all P< 0.05). The expression of miR-183-5p was closely related to sex, tumor differentiation, tumor staging, distant metastasis, lymphatic metastasis, and tumor location (all P<0.05). TβRⅠlevel was associated with sex, lymph node metastasis and tumor size (all P<0.05). Experimental data showed the negative correlation between the expression of miR-183-5p and TβRⅠin ESCC tissues (r= -0.521, P< 0.05). Over expression of miR-183-5p significantly inhibited the expression of TβRⅠ in ECA-109 cells (P< 0.05) and promoted the growth, invasion and metastasis of ECA-109 cells (P< 0.05). Low expression of miR-183-5p significantly promoted the expression of TβRⅠ in ECA-109 cells (P< 0.05), and suppressed the growth, invasion and metastasis of ECA-109 cells (P< 0.05). There was no significant change in the expression of TβRⅡ in the transfection experiments. Conclusion MiR-183-5p is closely related to the abnormal expression of TβRⅠ, which may exert an important role in the progression of lymphatic metastasis.%目的:研究miR-183-5p、TβRⅠ及TβRⅡ在食管鳞状细胞癌(ESCC)中的表达、临床意义及相互关系。方法检测miR-183-5p、TβRⅠ及TβRⅡmRNA及蛋白在ESCC细胞株TE-1、ECA-109、正常食管上皮细胞和72例ESCC患者肿瘤组织及对应癌旁组织中的表达,分析其临床意义及miR-183-5p和TβRⅠ、TβRⅡ的相互关系。通过细胞转染实验调节细胞株ECA-109中miR-183-5p的表达,探讨miR-183-5p对TβRⅠ、TβRⅡ表达及细胞功能的影响。结果与正常食管上皮细胞相比,ESCC细胞株TE-1和ECA-109中miR-183-5p的表达增高(均P<0.05),TβRⅠ、TβRⅡ的表达降低(均P<0.05)。与癌旁组织相比, ESCC患者癌组织中miR-183-5p表达升高,而TβRⅠ、TβRⅡ表达降低(均P<0.05)。miR-183-5p的表达与患者性别、肿瘤分化、分期、远处转移、淋巴结转移及肿瘤位置相关(均P<0.05);TβRⅠ的表达与患者性别、淋巴结转移、肿瘤大小相关(均P<0.05);TβRⅡ的表达与淋巴结转移、肿瘤大小相关(均P<0.05)。相关性分析显示,miR-183-5p在癌组织中的表达与TβRⅠ的表达呈负相关(r=-0.521,P<0.05)。在细胞转染实验中,miR-183-5p过表达时,TβRⅠ表达下调,肿瘤细胞生长加速,迁移能力增强(均P<0.05);miR-183-5p低表达时,TβRⅠ表达上调,肿瘤细胞生长减慢,迁移能力减弱(均P<0.05);TβRⅡ在转染实验中无明显变化。结论 miR-183-5p与TβRⅠ的异常表达密切相关,可能在ESCC淋巴结转移中发挥重要作用。

  13. The Plot Thickens: Diet Microbe Interactions May Modulate Thrombosis Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Del Campo, Ana; Romano, Kymberleigh A; Rey, Federico E; Balskus, Emily P

    2016-04-12

    Thrombosis plays an important role in cardiovascular disease (CVD). Platelet activation is an essential step in the genesis and propagation of atherothrombotic complications. In a recent publication, Zhu and colleagues report that gut microbe-derived TMAO enhances platelet responsiveness and thrombosis, providing a novel mechanistic connection between microbes and CVD (Zhu et al., 2016).

  14. WAIS-IV and WISC-IV Structural Validity: Alternate Methods, Alternate Results. Commentary on Weiss et al. (2013a) and Weiss et al. (2013b)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canivez, Gary L.; Kush, Joseph C.

    2013-01-01

    Weiss, Keith, Zhu, and Chen (2013a) and Weiss, Keith, Zhu, and Chen (2013b), this issue, report examinations of the factor structure of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV), respectively; comparing Wechsler Hierarchical Model (W-HM) and…

  15. Bicycle Helps Dream Come True

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>As a common, resolute but mysterious old man, Zhu Junxian has formed an indissoluble bond with sports and the Olympic Games.As a cyclist, Zhu has taken the longest journey around China, creating a guinness record. His most sensational experience was a sole journey by bike between April 6, 2001

  16. Experiment list: SRX201281 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available hygro-hTERT (LH), and Cdk4-neo (CN), Zhu et al. (2007) in Aging Cell, vol. 6, pp ...), Zhu et al. (2007) in Aging Cell, vol. 6, pp 515-523, newly promoted to tier 2:... of a 41 year old caucasian heart transplant donor, immortalized with lox-hygro-hTERT (LH), and Cdk4-neo (CN

  17. Experiment list: SRX201297 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available RT (LH), and Cdk4-neo (CN), Zhu et al. (2007) in Aging Cell, vol. 6, pp 515-523, ...), Zhu et al. (2007) in Aging Cell, vol. 6, pp 515-523, newly promoted to tier 2:... of a 41 year old caucasian heart transplant donor, immortalized with lox-hygro-hTERT (LH), and Cdk4-neo (CN

  18. Experiment list: SRX201282 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ygro-hTERT (LH), and Cdk4-neo (CN), Zhu et al. (2007) in Aging Cell, vol. 6, pp 5...), Zhu et al. (2007) in Aging Cell, vol. 6, pp 515-523, newly promoted to tier 2:... of a 41 year old caucasian heart transplant donor, immortalized with lox-hygro-hTERT (LH), and Cdk4-neo (CN

  19. Experiment list: SRX201296 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available RT (LH), and Cdk4-neo (CN), Zhu et al. (2007) in Aging Cell, vol. 6, pp 515-523, ...), Zhu et al. (2007) in Aging Cell, vol. 6, pp 515-523, newly promoted to tier 2:... of a 41 year old caucasian heart transplant donor, immortalized with lox-hygro-hTERT (LH), and Cdk4-neo (CN

  20. Experiment list: SRX193611 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available d with lox-hygro-hTERT (LH), and Cdk4-neo (CN), Zhu et al. (2007) in Aging Cell, ...), Zhu et al. (2007) in Aging Cell, vol. 6, pp 515-523, newly promoted to tier 2:... of a 41 year old caucasian heart transplant donor, immortalized with lox-hygro-hTERT (LH), and Cdk4-neo (CN