WorldWideScience

Sample records for democratic cultural politics

  1. Pentecostalism, gerontocratic rule and democratization in Malawi : the changing position of the young in political culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijk, van R.A.; Haynes, J.

    1999-01-01

    This chapter explores the relationship between the father-metaphor, gerontocratic power, democratization and religion in the context of changing political culture in Malawi. It argues that democratization in Malawi signalled a change in the nature of the dominant gerontocratic power relations associ

  2. Cultural democratization and the politics of recognition: notes on the trajectory of the workers´ party (PT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo J. Krischke

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available These research notes raise the hypothesis that the Worker´s Party (PT actively participates in the cultural democratization of the country - for instance, through its initiatives for the recognition of the citizen´s sociopolitical and cultural diversity. First, there is a need to distinguish between the policies of socioeconomic redistribution and those policies geared to sociopolitical and cultural recognition. Second, it is also necessary to focus on the relations between participatory policies and changes in the political culture. Such relations may show that the increasing support to democracy accompanies the recognition of pluralism and of the right to difference, among the youth, and in the locations administered by the PT during the last decade.

  3. Radical democratic politics and feminism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez Labrin, Soledad

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available In the article I present a reflection around the radical democratic project proposed by Chantal Mouffe and Ernesto Laclau. Specifically, I examine the application of the project in the context of the “new social movements” and especially, of feminist movement. I state the need of drawing attention to universalism and essentialism as the main obstacles to generate a collective proposal without margins. Nevertheless, doubts remind about the possibility of building up a feminism tailored by the radical democratic project, in a stage in which the political action of such a movement is characterized by categories that are closed and crystallized

  4. Receptivity, possibility, and democratic politics

    OpenAIRE

    Kompridis, Nikolas

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I present a model of receptivity that is composed of ontological and normative dimensions, which I argue answer to the critical-diagnostic and to the possibility-disclosing needs of democratic politics. I distinguish between ‘pre-reflective receptivity,’ understood ontologically as a condition of intelligibility, and ‘reflective receptivity,’ understood normatively as a condition of disclosing new possibilities.Keywords: receptivity; change; possibility; critique; reflective dis...

  5. Whose Canon? Culturalization versus Democratization

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    Erling Bjurström

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Current accounts – and particularly the critique – of canon formation are primarily based on some form of identity politics. In the 20th century a representational model of social identities replaced cultivation as the primary means to democratize the canons of the fine arts. In a parallel development, the discourse on canons has shifted its focus from processes of inclusion to those of exclusion. This shift corresponds, on the one hand, to the construction of so-called alternative canons or counter-canons, and, on the other hand, to attempts to restore the authority of canons considered to be in a state of crisis or decaying. Regardless of the democratic stance of these efforts, the construction of alternatives or the reestablishment of decaying canons does not seem to achieve their aims, since they break with the explicit and implicit rules of canon formation. Politically motivated attempts to revise or restore a specific canon make the workings of canon formation too visible, transparent and calculated, thereby breaking the spell of its imaginary character. Retracing the history of the canonization of the fine arts reveals that it was originally tied to the disembedding of artists and artworks from social and worldly affairs, whereas debates about canons of the fine arts since the end of the 20th century are heavily dependent on their social, cultural and historical reembedding. The latter has the character of disenchantment, but has also fettered the canon debate in notions of “our” versus “their” culture. However, by emphasizing the dedifferentiation of contemporary processes of culturalization, the advancing canonization of popular culture seems to be able to break with identity politics that foster notions of “our” culture in the present thinking on canons, and push it in a more transgressive, syncretic or hybrid direction.

  6. Obstacles to Mexico City's Democratic Transition: Citizens, culture and political relations

    OpenAIRE

    Héctor Tejera Gaona

    2003-01-01

    Héctor Tejera Gaona analyses the cultural tensions around the introduction of electoral democracy in Mexico City and its challenge to the traditional clientelism. He looks at the different behaviour of the citizens of the city and concludes that the transition to democracy needs many more cultural changes to succeed. Development (2003) 46, 102–106. doi:10.1177/1011637003046001593

  7. A Clash of Cultures: Improving the "Fit" between Evaluative Independence and the Political Requirements of a Democratic Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chelimsky, Eleanor

    2008-01-01

    This article presents a plenary address wherein the author talks about cultural clashes, about what happens when evaluation meets politics. In her address, the author talks about the kinds of clashes that occur on a regular basis between evaluative independence and the political culture it challenges, along with possible ways to predict, parry, or…

  8. A Clash of Cultures: Improving the "Fit" between Evaluative Independence and the Political Requirements of a Democratic Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chelimsky, Eleanor

    2008-01-01

    This article presents a plenary address wherein the author talks about cultural clashes, about what happens when evaluation meets politics. In her address, the author talks about the kinds of clashes that occur on a regular basis between evaluative independence and the political culture it challenges, along with possible ways to predict, parry, or…

  9. Democratic theory and comparative politics

    OpenAIRE

    O'Donnell, Guillermo

    1999-01-01

    "The present text is, basically, a revision of democratic theory from the perspective of its inadequacies for including into its scope many of the recently democratized countries, as well as some older democracies located outside of the Northwestern quadrant of the world. After warning that it is a first step in a larger and more ambitious endeavor, the paper begins by critically examining various definitions of democracy, especially those that, claiming to follow Schumpeter, a...

  10. Material and Cultural Restriction of Political Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马国祥

    2015-01-01

    Material and culture have a certain influence on the political life. In general, the higher level of economic development of the country, people's political life is more democratic. Culture has some negative effect on the political life. China's traditional cul-ture has restricted the people's political life in some ways.

  11. Monumentality on space and cultural democratization

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    Inês Alves

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes a reflection on the idea of monumentality in political and religious power, and its reconversion of a democratic society. There are 3+1 types of cultural exhibition space that are analyzed: the traditional palace or the church, which contain great works of classical art, inside of the historic centers; the art galleries associated with market economy, tend to stimulate the city centre area, and the autonomy of the architectural object in the vicinity of the traditional city. Lastly it is referred the case study - Silo Cultural Space - inside the Norteshopping, but arranged in a peripheral form, which is distinguished by an apparent proximity to multiple public.

  12. Political Parody and Public Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hariman, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Parody and related forms of political humor are essential resources for sustaining democratic public culture. They do so by exposing the limits of public speech, transforming discursive demands into virtual images, setting those images before a carnivalesque audience, and celebrating social leveling while decentering all discourses within the…

  13. Political Parody and Public Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hariman, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Parody and related forms of political humor are essential resources for sustaining democratic public culture. They do so by exposing the limits of public speech, transforming discursive demands into virtual images, setting those images before a carnivalesque audience, and celebrating social leveling while decentering all discourses within the…

  14. 达尔的民主政治文化思想及其对中国的启示%An analysis of Dahl’s democratic political culture thought and its revelation to China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洋

    2015-01-01

    政治文化与民主之关系是古典与当代政治学的重要议题。达尔的民主政治文化理论与当代主流政治文化研究范式既有共性,也有差异。就民主政治文化内涵而言,达尔认为平等价值是其基础、文明利己主义是其重要内涵、政治信念是其直接体现。民主政治文化的生成遵循个体与结构的双元逻辑。人际互动的复杂影响以及市场经济、现代动态多元社会和历史因素都对其发展具有重要影响。当代中国民主政治文化建设与未来发展,不仅需要在社会范围内培育相信民主、认同民主、维护民主的政治文化,发掘、维护和巩固平等的价值意识,引导和培养适宜的公民意识等内在主观层面的嬗变与调整,而且要通过不断发展市场经济和加强社会自治,以利于民主政治文化生长环境的结构性因素的滋养与拱卫。%The correlation between political culture and democracy is one of the important issues in politics from the classical era to the contemporary. There are both similar and different points between Dahl’s theory of democratic political culture and contemporary mainstream political cultural research paradigm. In terms of democratic political culture connotation, Dahl thinks that equal value is the foundation, that the self-interest of civilization is the important content, and that political belief is the direct embodiment. The formation of democratic political culture follows the dual logic of the individual and the structure. The complex effect of interpersonal interaction, market economy, modern dynamic multiple society and historical factors all exert an important influence on its development. Construction and the future development of contemporary China’s democratic political culture need not only to cultivate political culture of believing in democracy, agreeing with democracy, maintaining the democratic, to explore, maintain and consolidate the

  15. From Islamist to Muslim Democrat: The Present Phenomenon of Muslim Politics in Malaysia

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    MOHD IZANI MOHD ZAIN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Muslim political rivalry in democracy has triggered the birth of two groups; Islamist and Muslim Democrat. The two groups are competing by using a different approach in getting the support of the people. The Islamist group is championing its Islamic State agenda and the implementation of Shari`a as a political ambition within the framework of democracy while the Muslim Democrat recognises democracy and freedom as the basis of their struggle. Due to a greater development in democracy and a more open political rivalry, the Islamist group that was initially strongly backed by their rigid ideology and approach, has decided to change for a more moderate approach. This can be seen through their political strategy that emphasises on universal issues such as democracy, justice and good governance without rhetorical expressions of Islam and Shari`a. This change from Islamist to that of Muslim Democrat is an exciting development for it shows the transition path and direction of Muslim politics in Malaysia. This paper examines the latest development of the Islamist group, i.e. PAS in political rivalry in Malaysia, particularly in the recent General Election in 2013. This article reveals that due to the changing political landscape and democratization, the Islamist has pragmatically moderated their stance to gain more supports and it has embarked on a new landscape for Muslim political rivalry in Malaysia. Although PAS’s new approach to transform its approach to be more open and democratic is still questionable, this study believes that the participation of the party in democracy is no longer just for the sake of election, on the other hand it should recognise democracy as a political culture that emphasizes justice, freedom and good governance.

  16. Gender, religion and democratic politics in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasan, Zoya

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the impact of identity politics on gender equality. More specifically it explores the paradoxical and complex relationship of religion and politics in a multi-religious society and the complicated ways in which women's activism has both reinforced and challenged their gender identities. Contrary to the argument that religious politics does not always negate gender equality, the article argues that the Hindu religious politics and women's activism associated with it provides a compelling example of the instrumentalisation of women to accomplish the political goals of the Hindu right. It also examines the approach and strategies of influential political parties, women's organisations and Muslim women's groups towards legal reform and the contested issue of a uniform civil code. Against those who argue that, in the current communal conjuncture, reform within Muslim personal laws or Islamic feminism is the best strategy for enhancing the scope of Muslim women's rights, the article argues that such an approach tends to freeze identities within religious boundaries. It shows how women's and minority rights are used within the politics of religion to sideline the agenda of women's rights.

  17. Civic Political Culture, Participatory Governance and Political ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof

    Key Words: Participatory Governance, Civic Political Culture and Political. Development. Introduction. According to Almond and Verba ..... Philosophy in the Department of Political Science at Brown University,. Providence, Rhode Island.

  18. Democratization and the illegalization of political parties in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    2012-01-01

    state. I identify features of ‘new’ and ‘incomplete’ democracies that help explain proscription. Case studies on Germany, Austria, Russia, Latvia and Greece illustrate the impact of ‘modes of transition’, heightened uncertainty, political tensions and instability on ‘new democracy bans’, and the impact......This article explores the literature on democratization to account for the proscription of political parties in democratizing states. A survey of 22 party bans in 12 European states identifies two distinct classes of proscription derived from the ‘degree of democratization’ present in a banning...... of illiberalism, limited checks on executive power and circumscribed political participation on ‘incomplete democracy bans’....

  19. The Fourth Age of Political Communication: Democratic decay or the rise of phronetic political communication?

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    Peter Aagaard

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The ‘fourth age’ of political communication is emerging. In the fourth age the logics of media and digitization shapes the public sphere, because algorithms and polarized drama increasingly determine what we become aware of in digital and mass media. The result may very well be a less informed public sphere. The emerging class of policy professionals has the opportunity to mix the logics of mediatization and digitization. While such a mix may very well lead to democratic decay, based on elitism, it may also hold fruitful potentials for a more democratic and ethical type of political communication, called phronetic political communication.

  20. Political Intersectionality and Democratic Politics in the European Public Sphere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siim, Birte

    2015-01-01

    intersections of gender and ethnic diversity in political life at the national and transnational levels across Europe. In this context, political intersectionality refers to the framing of gender and ethnic diversity by major political actors as well as by activities of women’s and anti-racist organisations...... Public Sphere (EPS). It is inspired by results and reflections from the European Gender Project (EGP) , where intersectionality was used as an approach for analysing negotiations between gender and ethno-national diversity in selected European countries and in relation to the European Public Sphere...

  1. Political differences in past, present, and future life satisfaction: Republicans are more sensitive than democrats to political climate.

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    David R Mandel

    Full Text Available Previous research finds that Republicans report being happier or more satisfied with their lives than Democrats. Using representative American samples from 2002, 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2010, we tested a Person × Situation interactionist account in which political affiliation (Democrat, Republican and political climate (favorable when the president in office is of the same party are proposed to affect past, present, and anticipated future life satisfaction. Meta-analyses of related tests of key hypotheses confirmed that (a life satisfaction was greater when the political climate was favorable rather than unfavorable and (b Republicans were more sensitive to political climate than Democrats. As predicted, Republicans also were more politically polarized than Democrats. Taken together, the findings indicate that, compared to Democrats, Republicans are more apt to self-identify in political terms, and core aspects of their subjective well-being are more easily affected by the outcome of political events.

  2. Democratic Government”, Interest Groups and American Trade Politics

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    Zhanyu Dong

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The study of American trade politics is of great significance when interpreting U.S.A. trade policies and understanding China-U.S.A. trade relations. In order to explain the mechanism of American trade politics, this paper constructs a new analytical framework of “democratic government-interest groups”, which argues that U.S.A. trade policies are not only the choices made by the democratic government between state interests and political private benefits, but also the outcomes of interaction between the U.S.A. government and interest groups. The case study of the U.S.A. trade policies toward China since the new century also demonstrates how the interaction between the government and interest groups ultimately shapes trade policies. Therefore, we need to understand the logic of American trade politics, generate more mutual benefits for our two countries, and work together to promote the bilateral free trade as well as the bilateral relations between China and the U.S.A.

  3. Schools, Democratic Socialization and Political Participation: Political Activity and Passivity among Swedish Youths

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    Joakim Ekman

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The present text is based on a key note lecture (‘Civic Education, Democracy and Political Participation’ delivered at the symposium Globalization of School Subjects – Challenges for Civics, History, Geography and Religious Education, Karlstad University, 13–14 December, 2012. Drawing on recent developments in research on political participation and civic engagement, the text starts out with a discussion about different ways of understanding political passivity. Subsequently, the text turns to a brief analysis of ways in which schools may provide young people with political skills and competencies needed in a democratic society. Three dimensions of political citizenship are highlighted: political efficacy, political literacy, and political participation; and the analysis focuses on the impact of a number of different school-related factors on these three ‘citizenship competencies’.

  4. Influences of John Locke’s Political Ideas on Western Democratic Politics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李桂云

    2012-01-01

      John Locke’s political ideas played a very important role in promoting the development of western democratic poli⁃tics. They greatly influenced the drafting of The Declaration of Independence and The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen, gave impetus to American Revolution and French Revolution in the eighteenth century, laid the theoretic foundation for modern politics and shaped the modern constitutional system.

  5. Danish Political Culture: Fair Conditions for Inclusion of Immigrants?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Tore Vincents

    2011-01-01

    In the age of migration, the inclusion of immigrants in national politics is crucial for democratic reasons, and because it increases the coordination and cooperation ability of society. The informal norms, values and beliefs of the political culture are one aspect of the institutional and discur...

  6. Class, Culture and Politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrits, Gitte Sommer

    2013-01-01

    Even though contemporary discussions of class have moved forward towards recognizing a multidimensional concept of class, empirical analyses tend to focus on cultural practices in a rather narrow sense, that is, as practices of cultural consumption or practices of education. As a result......, discussions within political sociology have not yet utilized the merits of a multidimensional conception of class. In light of this, the article suggests a comprehensive Bourdieusian framework for class analysis, integrating culture as both a structural phenomenon co-constitutive of class and as symbolic...

  7. Political Culture and Covalent Bonding. A Conceptual Model of Political Culture Change

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    Camelia Florela Voinea

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Our class of models aims at explaining the dynamics of political attitude change by means of the dynamic changes in values, beliefs, norms and knowledge with which it is associated. The model constructs a political culture perspective over the relationship between macro and micro levels of a society and polity. The model defines the bonding mechanism as a basic mechanism of the political culture change by taking inspiration from the valence bonding theory in Chemistry, which has inspired the elaboration of the mechanisms and processes underlying the political culture emergence and the political culture control over the relationship between macro-level political entities and the micro-level individual agents. The model introduces operational definitions of the individual agent in political culture terms. The simulation model is used for the study of emergent political culture change phenomena based on individual interactions (emergent or upward causation as well as the ways in which the macro entities and emergent phenomena influence in turn the behaviors of individual agents (downward causation. The model is used in the ongoing research concerning the quality of democracy and political participation of the citizens in the Eastern European societies after the Fall of Berlin Wall. It is particularly aimed at explaining the long-term effect of the communist legacy and of the communist polity concept and organization onto the political mentalities and behaviors of the citizens with respect to democratic institutions and political power. The model has major implications in political socialization, political involvement, political behavior, corruption and polity modeling.

  8. Political culture in Romania - past, present and future

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    Nicolae FRIGIOIU

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to tersely present the situation of the political culture in Romania after 1989. The comprehension of the political culture seen as a result of a valorous past full of religious content constitutes the single path that can reveal the imaginary of the Romanian people; moreover, the study has as a purpose to improve the understanding of the political and cultural values which are linked to the consolidation of a democratic system in a similar manner to the connection between the forms and the causes of any social and political change in the country.

  9. Muslim Politics in Malaysia and the Democratization Process

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    Lukman Thaib

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article will address the Muslim politics in Malaysia in the light of the broader shifts towards democratization and Islamization by focusing on politics among the majority ethnic Malay community, followed an overview of the ideological rivalry between UMNO and PAS, with special reference to the electoral performances of these parties in the past three general elections (November 1999, March 2004 and March 2008 . It then explores the underlying reason for the perceived importance of Islam in understanding the voting trend among the Malay-Muslim electorate which raised the question to what extent was the discourse on Islam instrumental in persuading the Malays to switch their support from PAS to the UMNO during the 2004 elections, and in the process of continued participation as an ‘Islamic Party’ in Malaysian mainstream politics what factors were that encouraged the PAS leaders to compromises and to play by the ‘rule of democracy’. In the concluding part of the article the writer also provide with an overview on reform agenda of Civilizational Islam (Islam Hadhari under premiership of Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and the current Malaysia’s Transformation Programme (GTP under the leadership of Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Abdul Razak.

  10. Democratic Political Culture among Iranian Generations (A Secondary Analysis of the World Values Survey (WVS for Iran, Its Ethnics and Provinces

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    Yaghoob Ahmadi

    2013-08-01

    Younger generation (29-15 achieved a higher mean than the two previous generations in terms of democratic values. Except gender equality, men got better grades in all indices of self- expression values than women, but in their final grade women gained higher mean. In ethnical ranking, Kurds achieved much higher results than other ethnics. After Kurds, Fars, lur, Gilak and Turk tandem come. Finally, in provincial ranking, those with Kurdish Language include Kurdistan, Kermanshah, Western Azarbayjan was located at the top of the table and at the bottom, respectively, and these provinces came: Zanjan, Hormozgan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Ardabil and Hamedan. Moreover, no significant difference between the two generations of middle-aged and older were found among the studied ethnic groups; even though the general trend keeps its ascending order and average of each generation is more than prior generation. Importance of the distinctive life experiences in different generations has led to non-homogeneous effects and it can be seen in the results of this study, it can provide distinction between generations in terms of belief and behavior.

  11. Political culture of civil society within synergetic paradigm context

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    I. Z. Derzhko

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Political culture relates to the development and improvement of human abilities for social life within a community and creates conditions for the realization of these abilities. Typically, it is a state or a particular cultural region within the state. Despite the fact that the political culture of a society cannot and should not be subject to a management, it should be regulated and coordinated through a policy - national, which must be state policy. This paradoxical situation requires the use of specific management approaches. There is some configuration management knowledge, training or life, to work effectively, it is necessary to act at the right time and in the right place. Synergetic paradigm creates a methodological basis for a rather broad and full use of all the cultural, regional and individual diversity. Such use may be appropriate and successful implementa­tion provided competent management and, above all, self, which in turn requires a developed political culture in both the public and the private sector. It is important to understand that social system like any complex system, with not one single and multiple alternative paths of evolution. It should be clearly aware of the existence of different trends of evolution, the ambiguity of the transition to the future. Future states of complex social systems do not just open and predict­able, there are range of possible forms of the future, the field of possible ways forward. Value under the tran­sitional regime elements authoritarian and democratic organization of society is one of the most controversial issues. Between these two forms of political domination exists a close relationship than it may seem at first glance. To determine the influence of civil society in the process of becoming a democratic political regime and democratic political culture, it is necessary to outline the main characteristics of this concept. Without dwelling on the analysis of understanding of civil

  12. Christianity, Islam, and Political Culture: Lessons from Sub-Saharan Africa in Comparative Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowd, Robert A.

    Many theorists have argued that western Christianity and Islam affect political culture in different ways, and that western Christianity is more conducive to the rise of a democratic culture than is Islam. This paper argues that the difference between Christianity and Islam in terms of the type of political culture they encourage, is largely…

  13. From Pericles to Plato – from democratic political praxis to totalitarian political philosophy

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    Øjvind Larsen

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Plato is normally taken as one of the founders of Western political philosophy, not at least with his Republic. Here, he constructs a hierarchy of forms of governments, beginning with aristocracy at the top as a critical standard for the other forms of governments, and proceeding through timocracy and oligarchy to democracy and tyranny at the bottom. Following Karl Popper, the paper argues that Plato’s is a totalitarian philosophy that emphasizes the similarities between democracy and tyranny, which it considers to be the two worst forms of government. Plato’s denigration of democracy has dominated the tradition of political philosophy until recent times. This paper, however, shows that political philosophy in fact originates in democracy, especially as developed by the sophists and that philosophy is only a form of sophism with a similar origin in ancient Greek democracy. A discussion of Pericles’ funeral oration is used to show that Pericles presented a democratic political philosophy that can serve as a counterpoint to Plato’s political philosophy in the Republic.

  14. The Democratic Worth of Celebrity Politics in an Era of Late Modernity

    OpenAIRE

    Wheeler, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Keywords:\\ud \\ud celebrity politicians;\\ud late modernity;\\ud Barack Obama;\\ud political aesthetics\\ud \\ud In a seminal article published in 2004, John Street argued that celebrity politics has provided a greater expression for the enhancement of democratic behaviour. Consequently, this analysis builds on Street's thesis to consider the worth of celebrity politics in an era of late modernity. To this end, it employs Henrik Bang's and John Keane's constructs of Everyday Makers and Monitory Dem...

  15. The politics of civil society building: European private aid agencies and democratic transitions in Central America

    OpenAIRE

    Biekart, C.H.

    1999-01-01

    textabstractStrengthening civil society may be all the rage in the international donor community, but what does it mean in practice? This seminal work critically examines the political aspects of civil society building and the role of non-governmental development aid agencies during recent democratic transitions in Central America. ‘The Politics of Civil Society Building’ is the first comparative study of the policies, practices and political impact of European NGO aid interventions. Drawing ...

  16. Cultural legacies and political preferences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hechter, Michael Norman; Siroky, David; Mueller, Sean

    2015-01-01

    , ecological constraints such as geography and topography affect social interaction with like-minded individuals. On the basis of both these political preferences and ecological constraints, individuals then make rational choices about the desirability of secession. Instrumental considerations are therefore...... that cultural identities matter for explaining secessionism, but not because of primordial attachments. Rather, religious and linguistic groups matter because their members are imbued with cultural legacies that lead to distinct political preferences – in this case preferences over welfare statism. Further...

  17. Political and CulturalFoundations of Citizenship

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    Bogomir Novak

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available My thesis is based on the premise that the change of the political system from socialism to post-socialism was not based on the otherwise branched­ out political education in socialism, but rather, on other factors of which the essential one is the third wave of democracy that swept across the Central, South and East European countries. (Interactive citizenship can de­velop synergistically together with a positive attitude towards one's own country and with a stimulative influence on the citizens; with co-operation among the various (civil groups and with modern education for citizenship (not only as the school subject of Citizenship Education and Ethics as well as with its alternative goals together with the democratic and spiritual political culture. In view of the projected deadline for stability of democracy, which is expected to last 50 to 60 years, both types of culture are only at the initial phase of development in the new Slovenian state.

  18. Politicians without borders. Transnational networks, political parties and democratization in Latin America

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    Fernando PEDROSA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper lies within the Latin America democratization studies, emphasizing the activity of politicians and political parties as transnational actors and considering the interconnection between different levels (local, national and international was one of the main resour­ces for politicians in democratization contexts. Through them, they built personal relationships networks in a transnational level as a decisive strategy to accumulate power, prestige and other resources. Socialist International missions will be addressed as an example of political action, little considered by specialized literature but very influential at that time.

  19. The Politics of Culture

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    John Storey

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article provides an overview over the evolution of thinking about "culture" in the work of Raymond Williams. With the introduction of Antonio Gramsci's concept of hegemony culture came to be understood as consisting of not only shared, but contested meanings as well. On the basis of this redefinition by Williams, cultural studies was able to delineate culture as the production, circulation, and consumption of meanings that become embodied and embedded in social practice.

  20. The politics of civil society building: European private aid agencies and democratic transitions in Central America

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biekart, C.H.

    1999-01-01

    Strengthening civil society may be all the rage in the international donor community, but what does it mean in practice? This seminal work critically examines the political aspects of civil society building and the role of non-governmental development aid agencies during recent democratic transition

  1. Non-Electoral Accountability in Global Politics: Strengthening Democratic Control within the Global Garment Industry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Macdonald, T

    2006-01-01

    ... in the global garment industry are determined. The article first explains why electoral mechanisms are no longer a viable means for achieving democratic accountability in political contexts such as the global garment industry, that are characterized by the decentralized dispersion of public decision-making power among a range of organizationally disparate st...

  2. TRAINING IN CITIZENSHIP AND DEMOCRATIC CULTURE AS PEACE-BUILDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Piedrahita Ramírez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to reconstruct the possible relationships between peace and democracy by addressing the issue of what model of democracy better corresponds to the formation of a culture of peace. To this end, the broadly views of peace and democracy are reconstructed to criticize either minimalist or negative visions, suggesting a normative relationship between positive peace and substantive democracy. Later we will argue in favor of the deliberative democratic model as the one that best fits the requirements of citizen education and culture of peace in the internal systems. Finally, some key elements to consider in relation to the formation of democratic citizenship rooted in the values of a global culture of peace will be outlined.

  3. Educating Political Adversaries: Chantal Mouffe and Radical Democratic Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruitenberg, Claudia W.

    2009-01-01

    Many scholars in the area of citizenship education take deliberative approaches to democracy, especially as put forward by John Rawls, as their point of departure. From there, they explore how students' capacity for political and/or moral reasoning can be fostered. Recent work by political theorist Chantal Mouffe, however, questions some of the…

  4. Political Culture as Context for Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahler-Larsen, Peter; Schwandt, Thomas A.

    2012-01-01

    One way to understand the context of evaluation is in terms of its interaction with political culture. That culture includes citizens' views of the role of government and of evaluation and the history of the polity. This chapter illustrates the relationship of political culture and evaluation by means of two accounts of Danish political culture.…

  5. Political Identity Convergence: On Being Latino, Becoming a Democrat, and Getting Active

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonie Huddy

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The majority of Latinos in the United States identify with the Democratic Party, a tendency with broad political implications as Latinos become an increasingly large segment of the population. Little research, however, has delved into the origins of this preference. In this research, we contrast two explanations for Latinos’ Democratic proclivities: an instrumental explanation grounded in ideological policy preferences and an expressive identity account based on the defense of Latino identity and status. In analysis of data from two large national datasets, the 2012 Latino Immigrant National Election Study and American National Election Study focused on Latino immigrants and citizens respectively, we find strong support for the expressive identity explanation. Hispanic and partisan identities have converged among Latinos in the United States to create a large number of Latino Democrats regardless of citizenship status. Those who identify strongly as Latinos and see pervasive discrimination against Latinos are the strongest Democrats, a process that further intensified over the course of the 2012 election. A strong partisan preference increased political campaign activity, though this activity level was modest overall. Relatively few Latinos had worked on a campaign or given money to a candidate; somewhat larger numbers had tried to convince others about a candidate or worn a button or displayed a sticker. Finally, some support was evident for an instrumental account. Latino support for government-provided health insurance in 2012 consistently increased support for the Democratic Party.

  6. Democratic values and political attitudes in the Macedonian young people

    OpenAIRE

    Cvetanova, Ganka; Naumovska, Bojana

    2016-01-01

    The paper gives an insight into attitudes towards democracy of young people in the Republic of Macedonia, in particular their interest in politics and their engagement in civic and political activities. The findings in the paper rely on the data from following research projects: Virtual and Real Identities in the Republic of Macedonia, Youth Trends in the Republic of Macedonia и Youth Study Macedonia 2013. Throughout the paper, the pursuit of these issues is interlaced with a comparative anal...

  7. A Cultural Perspective on Chinese Politeness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu Xiaofang

    2011-01-01

    Politeness is a universal phenomenon, but its actual manifestations and the standards for judgment are culturally different. This paper analyzes the characteristics of Chinese politeness from a cultural perspective. It aims to improve our understanding of Chinese politeness and our knowledge of Chinese traditional culture and undertake interpersonal communication successfully.

  8. Political elites and foreign policy : democratization in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wibisono, Aria Teguh Mahendra

    2009-01-01

    In the investigation, the domestic sources of foreign policy analytical framework were used to analyze the dynamics of elites in foreign policy making. After analyses of the results of mostly personal interviews and historical materials, it was determined that political elites do matter in foreign p

  9. Political elites and foreign policy : democratization in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wibisono, Aria Teguh Mahendra

    2009-01-01

    In the investigation, the domestic sources of foreign policy analytical framework were used to analyze the dynamics of elites in foreign policy making. After analyses of the results of mostly personal interviews and historical materials, it was determined that political elites do matter in foreign

  10. On the Influence of Culture on Politeness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN Jin-ping; ZHAI Jian-hong

    2005-01-01

    As we all know, different people hold different views about politeness. To be polite, Leech thinks you should follow "Politeness Principle" while Levinson suggests paying attention to others' "Face Wants" Sometimes what the Chinese people considered to be polite may not be true according to western culture. In order to adequately provide an educated answer to this heartfelt question, this paper attempts to shed light on some of the important differences on politeness between Chinese and western culture.

  11. Democratization and Political Change as Threats to Collective Sentiments: Testing Durkheim in Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pridemore, William Alex; Kim, Sang-Weon

    2006-05-01

    Durkheim argued that acute political crises result in increased homicide rates because they pose a threat to sentiments about the collective. Though crucial to Durkheim's work on homicide, this idea remains untested. The authors took advantage of the natural experiment of the collapse of the Soviet Union to examine this hypothesis. Using data from Russian regions (N = 78) and controlling for measures of anomie and other covariates, the authors estimated the association between political change and change in homicide rates between 1991 and 2000. Results indicated that regions exhibiting less support for the Communist Party in 2000 (and thus greater change in political ideals because the Party had previously exercised complete control) were regions with greater increases in homicide rates. Thus, while democratization may be a positive development relative to the Communist juggernaut of the past, it appears that the swift political change in Russia is partially responsible for the higher rates of violence there following the collapse of the Soviet Union.

  12. Positive Influence of Religion on Construction of Democratic Politics%论宗教对民主政治建设的积极影响1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜晓静; 杨天英

    2014-01-01

    The process of democratic politics of the world can be affected by many factors,such as international environment,political factors and economic factors,etc. But one factor is unavoidable--the culture. Religion,a kind of special and important cultural phe-nomenon,has always been influencing on people's political value,political attitude,and political behavior,and ultimately affecting the world in the process of democracy. Therefore,there is undoubtedly great significance to advance democratic politics in correctly guiding various religions to develop scientifically and rationally.%影响世界民主政治进程的因素有很多,比如国际环境、政治因素、经济因素等。但是有一个因素是谁也无法回避的--那就是文化因素。宗教作为一种特殊而重要的文化现象,一直在强力地影响着人们的政治价值观、政治态度、政治行为,并最终影响到世界民主政治的建设进程。因此,正确地引导各类宗教科学、理性地发展,对于推进民主政治无疑具有重要的意义。

  13. Cybercultures mediations of community, culture, politics

    CERN Document Server

    Harris, Breslow

    2012-01-01

    Cybercultures: Mediations of Community, Culture, Politics , is a collection of essays that critically examine the role that digital media and online cultures play in the rearticulation of contemporary societies, cultures and polities. This volume in

  14. Study of Politeness in Cross Cultural Communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂仁娜; 姜艳

    2012-01-01

      Politeness is a universal linguistic phenomenon but also relative by nature and subject to culture. The politeness in pragmatic study and its cultural specificity in cross cultural communication are explained. Some tactics in cross communication are also suggested.

  15. Cross-cultural Context and Politeness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱芬

    2012-01-01

    In social interaction,politeness is a universal phenomenon existing in all languages.However,for social,ethnographic and even historical reasons,politeness strategies in a specific cultural context may vary from one to another.And for most time it is not language itself but different politeness strategies that lead to cross-cultural communicative failure.Knowing about these differences will help to overcome pragmatic failure in cross-cultural communication.

  16. Institutions and Cultural Diversity: Effects of Democratic and Propaganda Processes on Local Convergence and Global Diversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulloa, Roberto; Kacperski, Celina; Sancho, Fernando

    2016-01-01

    In a connected world where people influence each other, what can cause a globalized monoculture, and which measures help to preserve the coexistence of cultures? Previous research has shown that factors such as homophily, population size, geography, mass media, and type of social influence play important roles. In the present paper, we investigate for the first time the impact that institutions have on cultural diversity. In our first three studies, we extend existing agent-based models and explore the effects of institutional influence and agent loyalty. We find that higher institutional influence increases cultural diversity, while individuals' loyalty to their institutions has a small, preserving effect. In three further studies, we test how bottom-up and top-down processes of institutional influence impact our model. We find that bottom-up democratic practices, such as referenda, tend to produce convergence towards homogeneity, while top-down information dissemination practices, such as propaganda, further increase diversity. In our last model--an integration of bottom-up and top-down processes into a feedback loop of information--we find that when democratic processes are rare, the effects of propaganda are amplified, i.e., more diversity emerges; however, when democratic processes are common, they are able to neutralize or reverse this propaganda effect. Importantly, our models allow for control over the full spectrum of diversity, so that a manipulation of our parameters can result in preferred levels of diversity, which will be useful for the study of other factors in the future. We discuss possible mechanisms behind our results, applications, and implications for political and social sciences.

  17. Pragmatics Study of Politeness and Cultural Difference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐岩

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims at study the politeness in the pragmatic framework and reviews the main studies of politeness by western and Chinese scholars.Meanwhile,the writer tries to reveal the cultural difference existing in politeness by comparative study of western and Chinese language.

  18. Political science factor in information culture

    OpenAIRE

    Baranov G.

    2017-01-01

    The value of political science in information culture of society reveals; the main indicators of the public status of political science are investigated; the main functions of political science in the activity of actors of society are characterised.

  19. Religion, politics and gender equality in Turkey: implications of a democratic paradox?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arat, Yeşim

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the gendered implications of the intertwining of Islam and politics that took shape after the process of democratisation in Turkey had brought a political party with an Islamist background to power. This development revived the spectre of restrictive sex roles for women. The country is thus confronted with a democratic paradox: the expansion of religious freedoms accompanying potential and/or real threats to gender equality. The ban on the Islamic headscarf in universities has been the most visible terrain of public controversy on Islam. However, the paper argues that a more threatening development is the propagation of patriarchal religious values, sanctioning secondary roles for women through the public bureaucracy as well as through the educational system and civil society organisations.

  20. Social Mobilization and Reaffirmation of Democratic Participation : The Brotherhood as Expression of a New Relational Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen Crystine Corrêa Sanches

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Democracy represents a fundamental right for citizens. Democracy and citizen par- ticipation are developing and they complement each other, given that there is no demo- cracy without the active and conscious participation of citizens in the political process. This democratic participation occurs through tools that enable the practice of citizenship, and, among them, the social movements stand out. There is a direct relationship between the social movements and democracy: whilst the social movements exist only in demo- cratic systems, democracy requires the participation of civil society with the state. The social movements consist on a structured organization that has the purpose of uniting people to defend and promote rights, containing social identity and a particular way of thinking and acting collectively to achieve the common good and a new sort of life. The particularities of the social movements let one glimpse that the major expression of civic participation contributes to a cultural change in society, given that, with common goals, the differences are overcome, encouraging a relatedness which looks for ethics, sharing and fraternity. The understanding of fraternity in its various forms – historical, political, legal and ethical – contributes to a development in respect among people, acceptance of socio-economic and cultural differences, emphasizing the feeling of a group belonging. This way, this article aims to analyse social movements and its cooperation in building a new relational culture, more Humane, Fair And Fraternal.

  1. Why Should We Have Political Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velthuis, Ruud

    2002-01-01

    Political education prepares citizens for political, social, economic, and cultural participation. Democratic citizenship is learned formally, nonformally, and informally. A thematic and problem-oriented approach to political education should highlight the various roles of citizens. (SK)

  2. A Study of Democratic School Culture Perceptions of Sport High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isikgöz, Enes

    2016-01-01

    In this study; the perceptions of the students studying at sport high schools about democratic school culture were analysed in accordance with different variables. Participants of the research consisted of 216 students studying at Sport High Schools in Sakarya and Batman Provinces of Turkey. The data were collected with the Democratic School…

  3. Democratization and Political Change as Threats to Collective Sentiments: Testing Durkheim in Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    PRIDEMORE, WILLIAM ALEX; KIM, SANG-WEON

    2006-01-01

    Durkheim argued that acute political crises result in increased homicide rates because they pose a threat to sentiments about the collective. Though crucial to Durkheim’s work on homicide, this idea remains untested. The authors took advantage of the natural experiment of the collapse of the Soviet Union to examine this hypothesis. Using data from Russian regions (N = 78) and controlling for measures of anomie and other covariates, the authors estimated the association between political change and change in homicide rates between 1991 and 2000. Results indicated that regions exhibiting less support for the Communist Party in 2000 (and thus greater change in political ideals because the Party had previously exercised complete control) were regions with greater increases in homicide rates. Thus, while democratization may be a positive development relative to the Communist juggernaut of the past, it appears that the swift political change in Russia is partially responsible for the higher rates of violence there following the collapse of the Soviet Union. PMID:16880894

  4. Education for Democracy: A Paper Promise? The Democratic Deficit in Finnish Educational Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matti Rautiainen

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents one way of changing the participatory culture of training teachers – the Critical Integrative Teacher Education (CITE programme now being implemented at Jyväskylä University. For the last ten years the Finnish school system has been the centre of considerable international attention because of its success in PISA. The Finnish school, however, has two faces. In the shadow of those good learning outcomes there lurks a democratic deficit in school and a lack of school wellbeing amongst children. This article examines the nature of the Finnish school and teacher education from the perspective of democracy. If participatory culture in Finnish schools is restricted, then the same also applies to teacher education. The long tradition of education as well as the radical school democracy experiment in the early 1970s resulted in the neutralization of teacher education and the removal of politics and politicality. This led to a teacher education with the emphasis on didactics and psychology but with a social viewpoint conspicuous by its absence. Even though the system offers opportunities to implement even radically different training methods, there is little that is done differently.

  5. Education for All Meets Political Democratization: Free Primary Education and the Neoliberalization of the Malawian School and State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendall, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    In recent years sub-Saharan African states, including Malawi, have adopted the Education for All (EFA) goal of universal, fee-free primary education (UPE). The EFA process is often linked to the expansion and sustainability of universal rights, democratic processes, and political systems. The EFA policies have also been tied, discursively and in…

  6. Oligarchization and extractivism. Locks against the democratization of environmental politics in Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Pelfini

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to show that the modernization of Chile’s environmental institutions (called Nueva Institucionalidad Ambiental, introduced in 2009/2010 consolidates the informal networks that have traditionally linked its main actors (investors, State and experts. Consequently, it is a public policy that despite the incorporation of governance standards marked by accountability, transparency and public participation does not contribute to the formation of citizenship and public agenda around models of development and use of natural resources, but limited to assess/ mitigate/legitimize pre-established agendas, introduced by productive, extractive or infrastructure investment projects. In our view, this is due to the tendency to oligarchization of the Chilean political system and of the domination of elites in general and the persistence of an accumulation model based on the extraction of natural resources. Both serve as a structural lock that bolts any substantive change of environmental policy in a more democratic direction

  7. Good governance and political culture: A case study of Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Serajul Islam

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In a democratic system it is essential to have a competitive, and a tolerant party system, but Bangladesh has experienced an intolerant and a confrontational party system that has created a deadlock and brought uncertainty to the whole country. Since 1990, except 2014, Bangladesh has witnessed four systematic peaceful free elections, one each--in 1991, 1996, 2001, and 2008. On January 5, 2014, however, a controversial election took place in which major opposition political parties did not participate except the ruling alliance parties. The two dominant parties—the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP and the Awami League (AL—each won two previous free and fair elections, with the BNP winning in1991, and a BNP-led 4-party coalition in 2001, and the AL in 1996, and an AL-led 14 party alliance in 2008. However, from 2014 Bangladesh is heading towards an authoritarian system. All these are happening due to the lack of good governance. This article intends to emphasize that the political culture emanating from the party politics is retarding good governance in Bangladesh. This article argues that the cultural traits developed in the last four decades in various dimensions,, particularly in more recent years, have worked as an “earth-worm” in the fabrics of democracy in Bangladesh preventing ‘good governance’.

  8. Importance of strengthening of the democratic and political capacity in environmental policy of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadić Darko

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Environmental policy is one of the new policies in the corpus of public policies in Serbia. Although the beginning of environmental policy in Serbia, or organized directing of society towards the environment, can be noticed even at the beginning of the nineties, the real development and intensification of this policy occurs only in the last five years. The slowness of the acceptance of the political idea that society and the state must change their attitude towards the environment is one of the causes of inefficiency of environmental policy in Serbia. This is also supported by the fact that in the process of conception and implementation of environmental policy in Serbia an essential element is missing that is reflected in the lack of sufficient democratic and political capacity. Environmental policy in Serbia is still defined and viewed as a strictly national policy, as a right and obligation of public authorities to protect the environment, while completely neglecting the role of other social institutions and especially the citizens. The lack of democracy in decision-making on environmental image of Serbia is also visible in the non-use of different models of direct democracy, and lack of objective and timely information of citizens about environmental problems in the country. In that way, the combination of impairment of democracy in decision-making, lack of information, as well as slowness of solving environmental problems and so-called "black spots" in Serbia leads to the conclusion that the environmental policy of the Republic of Serbia, led by the state authorities, shows signs of a specific "eco-monopolism" that is inappropriate in the democratic spirit of environmental policy.

  9. Toward a Carribean cultural political economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimi Sheller

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] The Caribbean Postcolonial: Social Equality, Post-Nationalism and Cultural Hybridity. Shalini Puri. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. ix + 300 pp. (Paper US$ 24.95 Miraculous Weapons: Revolutionary Ideology in Caribbean Culture. Joy A.I. Mahabir. New York: Peter Lang, 2003. ix + 167 pp. (Cloth US$ 58.95 The relation between cultural production and political struggle, and between the aesthetic and the material as expressions of social relations, are absolutely central themes within Caribbean studies in all of its disciplinary and interdisciplinary guises. A key question for the field as a whole is what role it might play in generating new approaches to “cultural political economy,” which is emerging as an effective bridging concept at the intersections of anthropology, sociology, economics, political theory, and literary and cultural studies.

  10. Persuasive territories in European cultural politics:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thelle, Mikkel; Thylstrup, Nanna Bonde

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to view the concept of persuasive technology as a framework for discussing cultural politics on the internet. Taking digital collections as a point of departure, the cases of Europeana and Google Books are to be discussed as promoting different assemblies of information......, practice and identity politics. Through this discussion the study aims to show how the internet becomes territorialized through persuasive mechanisms. Design/methodology/approach – The study applies different concepts on the cases, derived from different fields of social theory, such as “soft power...... cultural politics. Findings – The study points through a conceptual investigation to a new scene for critically debating persuasive technology as digital cultural politics. The cases in question emphasize the relation between microscopic practices and global agendas on the internet, and the study concludes...

  11. Analysis on the Cultivation of Modern Chinese Farmers’ Values from the Perspective of Traditional Political Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shiwen; Zhuang

    2015-01-01

    Farmers in traditional China have formed the cultural psychology of being reluctant to move from native land and hate to change during the long- term closed production and life. This has exerted negative effect on the values cultivation of farmers today,who possess weak democratic consciousness,low legal spirit and cultural quality as well as strong antagonistic psychology. Measures should be carried out to cultivate their modern values. Firstly,construction of villagers’ self-governance system should be stressed. Secondly,political socialization should be perfected to improve farmers’ political culture. Furthermore,channels of political participation should be widened in order to gradually promote the ordered political participation of farmers.

  12. The Cultural Politics of Retrenchment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Cynthia

    1993-01-01

    A discussion of the ways in which college retrenchment planning is institution specific and political looks at how four institutions have shaped different retrenchment strategies. Challenges inherent in each strategy are examined, and practical suggestions are made for campus leaders facing retrenchment. (MSE)

  13. Cultural heritage and identity politics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    During, R.

    2011-01-01

    ‘As the authors in this fascinating volume point out, both heritage and identity discourse can be instrumentalized, by proponents and opponents of European integration, as they can be commodified, in branding efforts with various implementations. Just as in Macchiavelli’s Europe, political and econo

  14. Cultural heritage and identity politics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    During, R.

    2011-01-01

    ‘As the authors in this fascinating volume point out, both heritage and identity discourse can be instrumentalized, by proponents and opponents of European integration, as they can be commodified, in branding efforts with various implementations. Just as in Macchiavelli’s Europe, political and

  15. Political “genotype” as a structural element of political culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Karpova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the issue of genetic foundations of political culture in the context of the socio-political system changes. The author elaborates the concept of “political genotype” as a sustainable structural element of political culture that determines its content and the possibility of permissible variation. In this paper the main forms of existence of political genotype and its functions are also investigated; and “genetic” mechanism of political culture succession is explored.

  16. Persuasive territories in European cultural politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thelle, Mikkel; Thylstrup, Nanna Bonde

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to view the concept of persuasive technology as a framework for discussing cultural politics on the internet. Taking digital collections as a point of departure, the cases of Europeana and Google Books are to be discussed as promoting different assemblies of information......”, “assembly” and “folksonomy” in order to question the traditional view of persuasive technology as a concept instrumental to, for example, marketing agendas. Targeting the relation between policy and everyday practice, the paper aims to open a discussion of persuasive technology deeply embedded in digital...... cultural politics. Findings – The study points through a conceptual investigation to a new scene for critically debating persuasive technology as digital cultural politics. The cases in question emphasize the relation between microscopic practices and global agendas on the internet, and the study concludes...

  17. The Political Nature of Digital Cultural Heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quincy McCrary

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Collecting organizations such as libraries and museums are vehicles for shifting paradigms of knowledge and power. Digital technologies are also implicated with historical transformations in language, society, and culture. To discuss the digital is to engage simultaneously with an impressive array of simulacra, instantaneous communication, ubiquitous media, and global interconnectedness (Cameron & Kenderdine, 2007. Digital cultural heritage can be viewed as a political concept and practice, the relations between communities and heritage institutions as mediated through technologies, the reshaping of social, cultural, and political power in relation to cultural organizations made possible through communication technologies, and the representation and interpretation of digital cultural heritage. The following paper will address each of these concerns, outlining current scholarship on the topic and critically engaging with the content.

  18. The democratic horizons of the museum: Citizenship and culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Dahlgren; J. Hermes

    2015-01-01

    Change is sweeping through the world of museums, technologically, financially, and ideologically, impacting on the sociocultural evolution of their roles and status. We seek to contribute to ongoing reflections by offering a conceptual framework that links museums with democratic theory, to citizens

  19. Democratization "from Below" and Popular Culture: Teachers from Chiapas, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Street, Susan

    1996-01-01

    In the early 1980s, public school teachers in Chiapas, Mexico, organized themselves in a dissident mass movement aimed at democratizing their participation in union affairs and restructuring the relations of domination and subordination affecting their work lives. Macro-level analysis focuses on union corruption situated within an authoritarian…

  20. Democratic School Leadership Reforms in Kenya: Cultural and Historical Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jwan, Julius; Anderson, Lesley; Bennett, Nigel

    2010-01-01

    In this article we discuss students', teachers' and school principals' perceptions of democratic school leadership reforms in Kenya. The article is based on a study that was conducted in two phases. In phase one (conducted between September and December 2007), interviews were undertaken with 12 school principals in which understandings of…

  1. Democratization of Education as Prerequisite for Social Economic and Cultural Progress in a Multi-Cultural Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madumere, S. C.; Olisaemeka, B. U.

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on democratization of education as a prerequisite for social, economic and cultural progress in a multi-cultural society, such as Nigeria. Attempt was made to define and explain the major concepts in the paper. Education was explained as an instrument of democracy and as function of socialization, culture and economic…

  2. Postapartheid South Africa: A Solution for a Democratic and Nonracial Political Regime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-25

    governmental policies as the 6 % %S % %% 4- establishment of designated black homelands have not given birth to a fair democratic system . Moreover, neither the...students for the wider world." 14 The struggle to set the stage for a more democratic system of education should certainly be on a permanent basis...South Africans themselves, by Igoing towards extreme positions, jeopardize their chances to establish an , -: original democratic system . The case of

  3. Political culture in Macedonia after the Ohrid Framework Agreement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.Sc. Jonuz Abdullai

    2012-06-01

    • interethnic relations after the Ohrid Framework Agreement. Political culture in South-Eastern European countries has been analysed in different views, especially in the reform process, where it has an important role. Conclusions of this paper are that Macedonia must fulfil the conditions set forth, both political and institutional, based on the political culture for EU integration, since political culture, according to scholar L. Pye represents a “set of basic values, emotions and knowledge shaping and feeding political processes”.

  4. Development of Democratic Processes in the People’s Republic of China: Prospects of Transformation of the Political Regime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey Alexandrovich Semenov

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Rapid economic growth of the PRC has brought new challenges and promoted social transformation in Chinese society. China suffers profound changes involving fundamental principles of public relations. The political regime in China is in a changeable condition, and continues to transform. Some decisions of the Chinese government affect not only the economy and public administration, but also in some ways human rights and political changes. Chinese political regime takes on the pending social problems and begins to gently lift old political bans. There is development of processes which at least by the formal features can be attributed to be democratic or quasi-democratic. However, despite a number of political changes and improving of human rights situation in last decades, China is still an illiberal state. Moreover, the level of repression in China has increased in the last few years. All of these actions raise questions about the political future of China. The scale of the socio-economic changes that have occurred in the PRC is so significant, that the maintaining of the existing governance structure is not possible. Rapid economic growth reduced public discontent at the disregard to fundamental human rights. Yet the “economic miracle” is coming to an end, and the country desperately needs economic and political reforms. Lack of reforms or its incorrect implementation can put the existing system out of balance, which will lead to adverse effects not only in China but also in the world. Depending on the reforms we can assume several scenarios for further development of the PRC.

  5. How to Exist Politically and Learn from It: Hannah Arendt and the Problem of Democratic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biesta, Gert

    2010-01-01

    Background/Context: In discussions about democratic education, there is a strong tendency to see the role of education as that of the preparation of children and young people for their future participation in democratic life. A major problem with this view is that it relies on the idea that the guarantee for democracy lies in the existence of a…

  6. Conceptualizing the Role of Culture in Political Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aronoff, Myron J.

    Using as a point of departure anthropologist Clifford Geertz's study of culture with special emphasis on political change, the paper develops a theoretical framework for studying the relationship between culture and political change. A major objective of this anthropological approach to the study of political culture is to help political…

  7. The Political Culture of 68: Reflections on Rtudent’s Resistance in Brazil and Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Almada

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The students’ movements were protagonists of collective actions in the 1960s, with emphasis on the May 1968 events. This article seeks to rethink 1968’s political culture which was founded upon various social disjunctures and resulted in an extended and decentralized understanding of politics. A review will be held on the students’ protests against the Brazilian Military Dicatorship and at the end of Estado Novo in Portugal in order to understand the dynamics of repression used to contain these protests. In both countries, the student’s mobilizations were distinguished from the ones that took place in central countries, either by their claims, either because they were permeated by relations of direct violence or symbolic violence. Finally, it is understood that the student’s resistance provided elements for an expansion of political culture which was crucial for both democratic transitions

  8. The cultural politics of eating in Shenzhen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donnell, Mary Ann

    2010-01-01

    Throughout the 1980s and early 1990s, construction in Shenzhen symbolized both the transformation of Chinese socialism and the concomitant integration of Chinese society into global capitalist networks. This article tells the story of Shenzhen from the perspective of this first generation of immigrants, the so-called Old Shenzheners, who use nostalgia about food to define, debate, and ultimately retreat from conversations about what Shenzhen culture was and what it ought to be. Their food nostalgia is part of a larger cultural tradition of Chinese alimentary politics and has allowed Shenzheners to indigenize capitalist globalization to make the city their own. Old Shenzheners' food nostalgia represents an important moment in the Chinese transition to a post socialist political economy, redefining what it means to be both Chinese and global in a post–cold war world order.

  9. Cultural Studies and Democratically Aware Teacher Education: Post-Fordism, Civics, and the Worker-Citizen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Shirley R.; Kincheloe, Joe L.

    1996-01-01

    Illustrates the ways that a cultural studies approach to teacher education can expand the vision of democracy and citizenship. Analyzes the development and subsequent breakdown of the economic foundations of 20th-century life and offers new understandings that can be used to inform a democratically aware teacher education program. (MJP)

  10. The German federal election of 2009: The challenge of participatory cultures in political campaigns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Jungherr

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Increasingly, political actors have to act in online communication environments. There they meet overlapping networked publics with different levels of participatory cultures and varying expectations of participation in the (remaking and co-production of political content. This challenges political actors used to a top-down approach to communication. Meanwhile, online users are increasingly politically involved as legislatures all over the world become more active in regulating communication environments online. These new political actors often share participatory practices and have high levels of new media skills. Now they are challenged to adapt these bottom-up participatory cultures to the traditional political environment. This paper examines these adaption processes by examining three examples from the campaign for the German federal election of 2009. These examples include the attempt of Germany's conservative party (CDU to encourage their supporters to adapt participatory practices, the German Social Democrats' (SPD top-down production and distribution of online content that mimicked the look and feel of user-generated content, and the bottom-up emergence of political flash mobs.

  11. NORWEGIAN CONVERSATIONAL POLITENESS. BETWEEN LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulina Horbowicz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the concept of politeness in the context of Norwegian everyday conversation. Instead of following the widely accepted concept of universality of politeness structures, it refers the theoretical background for considering politeness as realising culturally preconditioned communication patterns. Such patterns consist both of adequate face work, and of obligations connected to speaker/listener role, the latter realised through the system of adjacency pairs. The basic rules prevailing in Norwegian conversations are discussed, such as maintaining a clear and harmonious fl ow of talk or non-imposing on one’s conversational partner. These rules are exemplified on extracts from interethnic dialogues between Poles using Norwegian as a second language, and native speakers of Norwegian. The conclusions of the paper are twofold; it calls for the concept of politeness to be considered on the broader level of discourse rather than the level of single speech acts. Additionally, it stresses the role of ethnic communication pattern in second/foreign language teaching. The realisation of communication patterns allows for a legitimate participation in conversation, which in turn is vital for a successful construction of identity in second/foreign language.

  12. Persuasive territories in European cultural politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thelle, Mikkel; Thylstrup, Nanna Bonde

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to view the concept of persuasive technology as a framework for discussing cultural politics on the internet. Taking digital collections as a point of departure, the cases of Europeana and Google Books are to be discussed as promoting different assemblies of information......, practice and identity politics. Through this discussion the study aims to show how the internet becomes territorialized through persuasive mechanisms. Design/methodology/approach – The study applies different concepts on the cases, derived from different fields of social theory, such as “soft power......”, “assembly” and “folksonomy” in order to question the traditional view of persuasive technology as a concept instrumental to, for example, marketing agendas. Targeting the relation between policy and everyday practice, the paper aims to open a discussion of persuasive technology deeply embedded in digital...

  13. The pure-science ideal and democratic culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, G H

    1967-06-30

    These early experiences of pure scientists will have an unmistakable ring of familiarity to anyone familiar with the current situation. Charles Sanders Peirce, with characteristic insight, had stated the fundamental dilemma of the pure scientist operating within a democratic framework. How can one ask the public to provide support, much less facilities, for the intellectual gratification of one select group? A part of the answer, of course, is simply that one cannot. As long as a group is dependent upon public support it must seek some means of contact with the values of the enveloping society, and the moment it does this it departs in some measure from the ideal purity. The schizophrenic attitude described by Dubos therefore became a professional necessity as soon as the new ideal was adopted. Since the time of Gould, scientists have been able to tell each other that the man who based science's claim to support on grounds of immediate practical utility was "no loyal follower and true friend of science" and, at the same time, to trust that the popularizers and technicians would convey a different message to the public. On the whole, they have not been disappointed in their expectation, and there has been little need for them to go beyond the standard formula : Utility is not to be a test of scientific work, but all knowledge will ultimately prove useful. Since the continued existence of scientists in this society depends upon the believability of that vague claim, there is little likelihood hood that the schizophrenia will disappear.

  14. Redesigning Civic Education for the Digital Age: Participatory Politics and the Pursuit of Democratic Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahne, Joseph; Hodgin, Erica; Eidman-Aadahl, Elyse

    2016-01-01

    The digital revolution has enabled important changes in political life. Opportunities to engage in "participatory politics" have expanded significantly. Participatory politics differ from institutional politics in that they are peer-based, interactive, and not guided by deference to traditional elites and institutions. These changes…

  15. Political Rationality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Solhaug, Trond; Kristensen, Niels Nørgaard

    The very idea about democracies is public participation in elections, decision-making and/or public engagement. The democratic participation distributes power among ordinary people and serve to legitimize decisions in public affairs and is a vital characteristic of a political culture.”The term...... ’political culture’ refers to the specifically political orientations – attitudes toward the political system and its various parts, and attitudes toward the role of the self in the system” (Almond & Verba, 1963:12). A political culture is among several aspects characterized by the forms and level...... of participation and particularly how individuals regard themselves as active political citizens. Participation, either voter turnout or other forms of public involvement is regarded as a barometer of the quality of democracy in a country and serve to characterize the political culture in a democracy (Diamond...

  16. Edmund Burke's "Discontents" and the Interpretation of Political Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browne, Stephen H.

    1991-01-01

    Argues that the rhetorical action of Edmund Burke's classic defense of political parties is its inducement to see that, by interpreting political culture as he does, reader and author collaborate in the recovery of public virtue. (RS)

  17. Political Economy of American Education: Democratic Citizenship in the Heart of Empire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, Thomas Michael

    2012-01-01

    Chief among the goals of American education is the cultivation of democratic citizens. Contrary to State catechism delivered through our schools, America was not born a democracy; rather it emerged as a republic with a distinct bias against democracy. Nonetheless we inherit a great demotic heritage. Abolition, the labor struggle, women's…

  18. Political Advertising: A Roadblock in Teaching Social Studies Students the Importance of Truthful Political Communication to a Democratic Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinson, David L.

    2009-01-01

    The author contends that too much political advertising is a form of public relations "spin" in which the truth is sacrificed and the political process damaged as a result. The goal of much of this advertising too frequently focuses on transmitting "disinformation" that, while perhaps not technically a lie, is intended not to inform the public but…

  19. Political Advertising: A Roadblock in Teaching Social Studies Students the Importance of Truthful Political Communication to a Democratic Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinson, David L.

    2009-01-01

    The author contends that too much political advertising is a form of public relations "spin" in which the truth is sacrificed and the political process damaged as a result. The goal of much of this advertising too frequently focuses on transmitting "disinformation" that, while perhaps not technically a lie, is intended not to inform the public but…

  20. Cultural Differences between English and Chinese in Politeness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚默

    2014-01-01

    Politeness, as a linguistic phenomenon, pervades almost all the civilized social-cultures and languages, which works as a sort of softening agent to smoothen the course of communication. As people from different cultures may view differently on what politeness is and how to be polite, misunderstandings may arise if cultural differences are neglected in cross-cultural commu-nication. This thesis is intended to make a comparative study of cultural differences in politeness between English and Chinese, first from the disparity in their conceptions of politeness,and then proceeds to discuss the underlying psychological factor. Lastly, based on the awareness of these cultural differences and the knowledge of the cause of the differences, this paper proposes some applicable advice to achieve successful cross-cultural communication.

  1. Political Values or the Value of Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simoska, Emilija

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This essay was motivated by the gap between proclaimed democratic principles and the perceptions of politics which are exhibited by the citizens in transitional countries -more specifically in the Republic of Macedonia. It is based on research data collected in the past few decades, which illustrate that, in their political actions, the citizens are highly motivated by personal benefits and profits, rather than by their internalized values and ideologies. Non-democratic, authoritarian values prevail, while politics is perceived as a value itself, in the most materialistic meaning of the word. It creates a suitable milieu for growth of corruption, nepotism and clientelism. The authors conclude that such a circulus vitsiosus is a corner stone of the Macedonian political regime, and an enormous obstacle for the advancement of the participative, democratic political culture in reality, in spite of its formal acceptance.

  2. Quetzaltenango's First Mayan Mayor: Transforming Political Culture and the Politics of Belonging?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rasch, E.D.

    2011-01-01

    Against the backdrop of ethnic political mobilisation in Latin America, this article examines how, as Quetzaltenango's first Mayan mayor, Rigoberto Quemé Chay transformed two interrelated dimensions of citizenship: political culture and the politics of belonging. It analyses the way in which citizen

  3. Political Culture, Values and Economic Utility: A Different Perspective on Norwegian Party-based Euroscepticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianne S. Skinner

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on a content analysis of party manifestos and a survey of Norwegian MPs, this article examines the nuances in, and the causality of, the different Norwegian parties’ Euroscepticism. The study of the comparative party politics of Euroscepticism, which focuses on ideology and strategy, falls short of accounting for the Norwegian case, where, unlike other European countries, the parties’ Euroscepticism is exceptionally stable and appears across the political spectrum. Therefore, the article tests an alternative set of theories, drawn from the literature on opinion formation on European integration, to find a more suitable framework for analysing and explaining the motivation of Norwegian Euroscepticism. The analysis shows that Norwegian party-based Euroscepticism can be divided into three types when it comes to its strength and policy opposition, with the Centre Party and the Socialist Left Party on the ‘hardest’ end of the Euroscepticism scale, followed by the Christian Democratic Party and the Liberal Party, and finally, the Labour Party and the Progress Party. Furthermore, the analysis indicates that Norwegian Eurosceptic party stances on Europe are primarily driven by political values and political culture concerns, except for the Progress Party, which base its Eurosceptic motivation on economic utilitarianism and political culture.

  4. Working through a psychotherapy group's political cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ettin, Mark F; Cohen, Bertram D

    2003-10-01

    Macropolitical evolution, starting with authoritarian monarchism, has moved through anarchistic transitions either to the totalitarianism of fascism and communism or to liberal and social democracy. We posit analogous micropolitical development in process-oriented therapy groups: "dependence" and "counterdependence" corresponding to monarchism and anarchism; and "independence" and "interdependence" to liberal and social democracy, respectively. Transition from counterdependence to independence and interdependence may be: (1) facilitated through group members' cooperative experience of rebellion, or (2) blocked by collective identification, the internalization of dystopian or utopian fantasies that coalesce as "group-self" perceptions. We explore how group therapists work clinically with and through these several "political cultures" in the service of group and self transformation.

  5. Shared Cultural History as a Predictor of Political and Economic Changes among Nation States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Luke J; Passmore, Sam; Richard, Paul M; Gray, Russell D; Atkinson, Quentin D

    2016-01-01

    Political and economic risks arise from social phenomena that spread within and across countries. Regime changes, protest movements, and stock market and default shocks can have ramifications across the globe. Quantitative models have made great strides at predicting these events in recent decades but incorporate few explicitly measured cultural variables. However, in recent years cultural evolutionary theory has emerged as a major paradigm to understand the inheritance and diffusion of human cultural variation. Here, we combine these two strands of research by proposing that measures of socio-linguistic affiliation derived from language phylogenies track variation in cultural norms that influence how political and economic changes diffuse across the globe. First, we show that changes over time in a country's democratic or autocratic character correlate with simultaneous changes among their socio-linguistic affiliations more than with changes of spatially proximate countries. Second, we find that models of changes in sovereign default status favor including socio-linguistic affiliations in addition to spatial data. These findings suggest that better measurement of cultural networks could be profoundly useful to policy makers who wish to diversify commercial, social, and other forms of investment across political and economic risks on an international scale.

  6. Differences in Politeness Principles Between Chinese and English Cultures%Differences in Politeness Principles Between Chinese and English Cultures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈元红

    2012-01-01

    Politeness is universal but culturally specific.h shows different characteristics in different cultures.From the angle of cultural differences, this paper reviews Chinese and Western"Politeness Principles"put forward by Gu Yueguo(顾曰国)and Leech,intends to compare on some of the important differences on politeness between Chinese and western cultures. Understanding the differences can avoid the pragmatic failures and achieve success in cross- cultural communication.h can also help English learners to develop and improve their pragmatic competence.

  7. Liberalism, Marxism and Democratic Theory Revisited: Proposal of a Joint Index of Political and Economic Democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Segrillo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Liberalism and Marxism are two schools of thought which have left deep imprints in sociological, political and economic theory. They are usually perceived as opposite, rival approaches. In the field of democracy there is a seemingly insurmountable rift around the question of political versus economic democracy. Liberals emphasize the former, Marxists the latter. Liberals say that economic democracy is too abstract and fuzzy a concept, therefore one should concentrate on the workings of an objective political democracy. Marxists insist that political democracy without economic democracy is insufficient. The article argues that both propositions are valid and not mutually exclusive. It proposes the creation of an operational, quantifiable index of economic democracy that can be used alongside the already existing indexes of political democracy. By using these two indexes jointly, political and economic democracy can be objectively evaluated. Thus, the requirements of both camps are met and maybe a more dialogical approach to democracy can be reached in the debate between liberals and Marxists. The joint index is used to evaluate the levels of economic and political democracy in the transition countries of Eastern Europe.

  8. Political Detainment in the German Democratic Republic: Public Discourse and Personal Memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Horvay

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Between 1976 and 1989, about 60,000 East German citizens were in political detention in the former GDR, a fact which was disclaimed by the GDR government. In this article, I focus on the auto-biographies which were collected by the use of narrative interviews. How do people who were politically persecuted and imprisoned remember their detainment now? Are they able to integrate this event in their life history and talk about it in their social environment? On the basis of biographical case-reconstructions and global analysis, I present four types of memory and biographical work. The analysis shows that the limited reprocessing prior to 1989 as well as the political discourse after 1990 about the GDR past produced a politicization of their imprisonment by the biographers, for example, in the construction of their identity as a political opponent. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs110218

  9. The democratic soup: mixed meanings of political representation in governance networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, C.M.

    2009-01-01

    This article explores how political representation is enacted in governance networks, where interdependent actors from government, business, and civil society coproduce public policy. A combined dramaturgical and discourse analysis considers how representation is staged, performed, and articulated i

  10. "Women's Rights as Human Rights: A Political and Social Economy Approach within a Deep Democratic Framework"

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Haider A.

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we offer the social capabilities based approach to women's rights as human rights. We begin with the standard approach and discuss the universal human rights model before developing the social capabilities approach followed throughout the rest of this paper. In this paper by political economy we mean the classical state and civil society and their interactions. By social economy we mean the underlying social basis of the political economy including the family structure. Khan(199...

  11. Reorienting Deliberation: Identity Politics in Multicultural Societies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Mason

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Many political theorists argue that cross-cultural communication within multicultural democracies is not best served by a commitment to identity politics. In response, I argue that identity politics only interfere with democratic participation according to an erroneous interpretation of the relationship between identity and reasoning. I argue that recognizing the importance of identity to the intelligibility of reasons offered in the context of civic deliberation is the first step towards the kind of dialogue that democratic participation requires.

  12. Towards a More Democratic Regime and Society? The Politics of Faith and Ethnicity in a Transitional Multi-Ethnic Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kikue Hamayotsu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The rising antagonistic attitudes and tension between the Malay majority and ethnic and religious minorities in Malaysia since 2007 is intriguing because it has occurred when society experienced an unprecedentedly large-scale and assertive multi-ethnic pro-democracy movement. This article argues that precisely these assertive and confident civil and political societies – and their emphasis on equal rights and equitable development for all Malaysians – have put the traditional Malay and religious elites on the defensive. The pro-democracy movement and the prospects of regime change have threatened not only the party-dominant regime but also – and more importantly – the constitutional and institutional foundations of ethnic exclusivism and privileges. Moreover, two Malay-based parties, the United Malays National Organization (UMNO and the Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS, are viewed as giving too many political concessions to the non-Malay communities to gain an electoral advantage, making the traditional Malay and religious elites even more defensive of their position and power. As a result, religious issues are excessively politicised, further deteriorating the already complicated inter-ethnic relations of the country. The prospects for achieving a democratic regime and society appear grim, although hopes have run high since the electoral rise of the multi-ethnic opposition.

  13. The impact of political culture on the functioning of democracy: analysis of ideas of Alexis de Tocqueville

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. I. Prokopchuk

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Based on the works of the French scientist A. de Tocqueville analyzed systematically constructive and destructive influence on political culture and the institutionalization of democracy in the society. In Tocqueville’s works may be divided into 2 patterns of political culture: a American liberal-democratic; b French authoritarian. Generalized thinker idea of values, based on which the American political culture of his time as follows: 1. Man put on an equal footing with the public. 2. Spread «spirit of the law» for all American society in general. 3. Understanding people, which is the main subject of politics and power source, as a combination of highly developed, independent, self-sufficient individuals. 4. Policy - one of the areas of self-realization and even for the average individual. In the system of value orientations policy covers the Americans first place or not. 5. Antypaternalizm in settings in which people, to the government and its agencies include disbelief, with potential worries, turning to government assistance only when absolutely can not do without it. 6. Social life is characterized by pluralism. In civil Sus-ety, there are many «power points» impact on the state by the parties, associations, media, opposition. 7. The political behavior of Americans is characterized by an open, constructive. A common policy is not the only type of collective participation (through parties and associations, but also individual. 8. The tendency of American political culture to the center, which was manifested in the unpopularity of political extremism as a type of political behavior on the part of leaders, parties, mass. 9. Legitimate functioning of the political opposition. This opposition political organizations in the United States in peace and enjoy his political activities only through legal means. 10. Formation of «money» elite and its deliberate removal of professions-term politics. Generalized Tocqueville features that define

  14. The political economy of 'trauma' in Haiti in the democratic era of insecurity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Erica Caple

    2004-06-01

    This article explores the challenges that emerge at the intersection of economies of compassion and terror: local, national, and international forms of humanitarian assistance; security practices in insecure social and institutional environments; questions of victimization and global reparations; and quests for justice, as revealed through an analysis of political violence and humanitarian interventions in Haiti during and after the 1991-94 coup period. Each domain is constrained by politics and history but can engender "occult economies" that challenge the intended consequences of restitution policies at international, national, and local levels of exchange. 'Trauma' and discourses about traumatic suffering are the hinge around which these economies pivot, generating new forms of political subjectivity for Haitian activists.

  15. Migrants and Democratization: The Political Economy of Chinese Immigrants in Hong Kong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stan Hok-Wui Wong

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we argue that immigrants can serve as staunch support of the conservative incumbents of a regime, due to a self-selection effect; immigrants are more likely to accept the political status quo and be less sympathetic to the opposition who might demand progressive changes. Based on Asian Barometer survey data in Hong Kong, we showed that Chinese immigrants in Hong Kong are more pro-establishment and supportive of pro-government parties. With China’s huge population, this implies a strategic importance of Chinese migrants, whose inflow to other Asian states can significantly skew the politics of neighbouring states in destined directions.

  16. [The participation in health councils and its interface with politics culture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Lucia Conde; Pinheiro, Roseni

    2010-08-01

    The objective of this paper is to analyse the participation of current health councils in a city in the north-eastern of Brazil and its relationship with local political culture. The following theoretical presumption served as starting point: The practices adopted by health councils initiate a new institution that involves new social actors - the users - in the public sphere. The process of democratisation in the Brazilian society expands this sphere and leads to a confrontation of traditional and democratic political cultures. This is a qualitative research with the following data collection methods: documentary analysis, participant observation and semi-structured interviews. Within the evidence emerged, the dominance of traditional political culture resulted as one of the conditioning elements of participation practices in the Council, expressed in the authoritarianism and cooptation involving municipal managers and representatives of civil society. The majority of counsellors recognises the fragile power of the Council in terms of deliberative and fiscal issues. Despite confirming the frailties of the health councils, it is obvious that their importance in the democratisation of the relationship between State and civil society in the fight for the implementation of the right to health care.

  17. Schools as Incubators of Democratic Participation: Building Long-Term Political Efficacy with Civic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasek, Josh; Feldman, Lauren; Romer, Daniel; Jamieson, Kathleen Hall

    2008-01-01

    Despite a growing consensus that civic education is an important aspect of political socialization, little research has prospectively examined how gains made during civics courses are maintained after high school. This study used a quasi-experimental design to examine longer-term effects of the Student Voices program, which was originally…

  18. The politics of civil society building : European private aid agencies and democratic transitions in Central America

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Biekart (Kees)

    1999-01-01

    textabstractStrengthening civil society may be all the rage in the international donor community, but what does it mean in practice? This seminal work critically examines the political aspects of civil society building and the role of non-governmental development aid agencies during recent democrati

  19. Navigating the Waves of Change: Political Education and Democratic School Reform in Postwar West Berlin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puaca, Brian M.

    2008-01-01

    This article concentrates on two pieces of legislation promulgated in the early 1960s in order to investigate the broader ideas and concerns surrounding political education in the postwar Federal Republic of Germany. These pieces of educational policy highlight the consensus for continued reform while recognizing the value of curricular and…

  20. Perceptions of State Political Culture by Education Policy Elites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirt, Frederick; And Others

    1985-01-01

    The confirmed existence of political culture in the attitudes of education policymakers in six states (Arizona, California, Illinois, Pennsylvania, West Virginai, and Wisconsin) indicates that how education leaders decide about policy may depend less on what resources the states have than how leaders expect the political system to operate. (CB)

  1. Cultural citizenship and real politics : the Dutch case

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boomkens, Rene

    2010-01-01

    In the first decade of the twenty-first century, politics and everyday life in the Netherlands became polarized, under the influence of several conservative and populist movements that reflected a growing distrust of government and 'politics as usual', and a xenophobic and cultural conservative atti

  2. Constitutional Openness in 1991, Ethnic and Cultural Diversity, and Political System: a Philosophical-Political Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Jair Cuchumbé Holguín

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The multicultural approach seems to be the most praiseworthy instrument through which the acknowledgement of cultural diversity could renew the deontic structure legitimised by the socio-political order in Colombia. Facing a State model based on the denial and exclusion of diversity, the multicultural State allows for pluralism to be articulated into it. In this way, the formation of political unity becomes a matter determined by dialogue, mutual acknowledgement and cultural enhancement. Nevertheless, the multicultural interpretation lacks plausibility if the formation of the State is understood in a pragmatic and universalistic way. From this perspective, the inclusion of the Other is likely only if social actors promote interactions regulated by a political culture based on constitutional principles, active participation, public deliberation and the organisational ability of communities. A shared political culture of this nature seems unavoidable if the purpose is to form a citizenship more suited to living in a democracy.

  3. Asynchrony of political culture in the context of modernization of the contemporary Russian society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konovalov Valery Nikolaevich

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Russia is a country in which political culture takes in different stages of development. In the social and cultural life are combined two basic forms - the traditional type of political culture and modern political culture. There is asynchrony in the political culture, which creates a serious problem of managing Russian society.

  4. 毛泽东民主政治思想及其现实启示%MAO Zedong's Thought about Democratic Politics and Its Realistic Reflection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴炳林

    2013-01-01

    MAO Zedong's thought about democratic politics mainly includes :the people's democratic dictatorship thought , the inner-party democracy thought and the democratic administration thought .The inspiration of this thought is that the con-struction of socialist democratic politics with Chinese characteristics must proceed from China's basic national conditions ,we must strengthen the democracy and legal system and promote the people's democracy through inner-party democracy .%毛泽东民主政治思想主要包括人民民主专政思想、党内民主思想和民主执政思想。这一思想的现实启示就在于:建设中国特色社会主义民主政治必须从我国的基本国情出发,防止“西化”;必须加强民主的制度化和法制化;必须以党内民主推动人民民主。

  5. Conceptions of Volunteerism among Recent African Immigrants in Canada: Implications for Democratic Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chareka, Ottilia; Nyemah, Joseph; Manguvo, Angellar

    2010-01-01

    In democratic societies the level of citizens' civic engagement and inclusion in all forms of democratic participation is crucial in maintaining social cohesion and a vibrant democracy. In the historical development of Canada's demographic, political, socio-economic and cultural systems, immigration continues to play an influential role. Our paper…

  6. Nationalist political culture in the maelstrom of the Great War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Inés Tato

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Nationalist political culture is based on a transverse and versatile substratum of ideas, beliefs and attitudes that can be combined with different political traditions. During the First World War, some of its basic components burst into the Argentine public debate and were shared and, at the same time, disputed by diverse social and political sectors. Furthermore, they nourished the ideological and political polarizations of the wartime. Through the analysis of these issues, this article aims to contribute to the knowledge of a period scarcely explored in the study of nationalism in Argentina.

  7. Pluralismo cultural e cidadania democrática Cultural pluralism and democratic citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferran Requejo

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Com base no exame da questão do "multiculturalismo" da perspectiva do pluralismo em sociedades democráticas, discute-se, num registro normativo, a tensão intrínseca à combinação desses termos, para finalmente enfrentar a dimensão institucional do problema.On the basis of an examination of the question of "multiculturalism" from the perspective of pluralism in democratic societies the tension intrinsic to the combination of these terms is discussed in its normative dimension. Finally, the institutional dimension of the problem is addressed.

  8. The Pitfalls of Democratic Politics in the Era of Network Media---Alienation of Political Logic under the Pretext of Democratic Technology%网络媒体时代民主政治的“陷阱”--民主技术掩盖下政治逻辑的异化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文君

    2015-01-01

    Conflicts may arise between democratic politics and political equality in the era of network media. The causes of the conflicts lie in the fact that network media as a type of democratic technology contains two log-ics simultaneously:politics and market.The market logic is likely to erode and substitute the political logic,thus damaging political equality.Based on the empirical analysis of the data collected from the two cases:network media influence on public opinion and the rumor involving Red Crosses spread by web hypers,the paper ex-pounds the possibilities that netizens be misled by network media which is manipulated by certain interest groups. Finally,strategies are proposed to ward off pitfalls of democratic politics in aspects of the relationships between political logic and market logic,between democratic technology and democratic values,between democratic value and political process.%民主政治过程与政治平等两者之间在网络媒体时代存在着冲突的可能,即民主政治过程可能损害政治平等。造成冲突的原因是网络媒体作为一种民主技术同时包含了政治与市场两种逻辑,并有可能出现市场逻辑对政治逻辑的侵蚀与替代,从而损害政治平等。通过对网络媒体对公众舆论的影响力与网络推手制造“红十字会强行募捐事件”两个方面进行数据与案例的实证分析可以看出,网民被由利益集团操纵的网络媒体所误导具有现实的可能性。在对政治逻辑与市场逻辑、民主技术与民主价值、民主价值与政治过程三个方面对民主政治陷阱存在的原因进行理论分析,可以从制度建设的角度为中国的互联网治理提供有价值的政策建议。

  9. Computational and Simulation Modeling of Political Attitudes: The 'Tiger' Area of Political Culture Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voinea, Camelia Florela

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In almost one century long history, political attitudes modeling research has accumulated a critical mass of theory and method. Its characteristics and particularities have often suggested that political attitude approach to political persuasion modeling reveals a strong theoretical autonomy of concept which entitles it to become a new separate discipline of research. Though this did not actually happen, political attitudes modeling research has remained the most challenging area – the “tiger” – of political culture modeling research. This paper reviews the research literature on the conceptual, computational and simulation modeling of political attitudes developed starting with the beginning of the 20th century until the present times. Several computational and simulation modeling paradigms have provided support to political attitudes modeling research. These paradigms and the shift from one to another are briefly presented for a period of time of almost one century. The dominant paradigmatic views are those inspired by the Newtonian mechanics, and those based on the principle of methodological individualism and the emergence of macro phenomena from the individual interactions at the micro level of a society. This period of time is divided in eight ages covering the history of ideas in a wide range of political domains, going from political attitudes to polity modeling. Internal and external pressures for paradigmatic change are briefly explained.

  10. Ciudad, cultura democrática y educación. / City, democratic culture and education.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Isabel Pavez Reyes

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Una conferencia de la autora, en el marco del movimiento por una educación pública de calidad, equitativa e inclusiva que emergió en Chile en el segundo semestre de 2011, donde se intenta relacionar la esencia de la ciudad occidental a la hora actual, con la necesidad de una mayor cultura democrática y de espacios públicos para el reconocimiento del otro como portador de una respuesta particular a interrogantes comunes. / A lecture by the author as part of the movement for a better public education, that emerged in Chile in the second half of 2011, which attempts to relate the essence of the western city to the current time, the need greater democratic culture and public spaces for the recognition of others as a carrier of a particular response to common questions.

  11. The left and the democratic stability in Latin America: the ideology of the Bolivarian Revolution and its impact on the political processes in Venezuela and Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Enrique MOLINA V.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available One of the main areas of work in Comparative Politics and Political Theory has been the determination of the variables associated with the stability/instability of political systems in general, and democracy in particular. This paper focuses on one of these variables. One with newly acquired importance after the recent electoral successes by the left, but that nevertheless has not been in the spotlight of scholarly analysis: ideological polarization. Particularly, ideological polarization brought about by the attempt to pursue by the government a leftist political project. The main focus is on the ideological project pursued by the Venezuelan Bolivarian Government and its association with the political instability of 2002 and 2003. The paper considers this topic taken into account mainstream theoretical approaches on political stability, and the experience of previous Latin American leftist governments. The paper reaches the conclusion that in Latin America the attempt to implement a socialist program by a democratically elected government, if it is done without meaningful social and political negotiation, and with authoritarian overtones, is likely to lead to intense political instability and to the ultimate failure of the proposed social change.

  12. 中国政治民主化发展障碍的探讨%Obstacles in Developing China’s Political Democratization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏敏; 朱琳

    2014-01-01

    Political democratization is the objective that government -reform pursues, and it is also an objective trend of modern political development.Through longitudinal thinking and combining with the knowledge learned, it is easy to draw a conclusion:obstacles in developing China ’s political democratization are not only for traditional ideological, economical and political factors, but also for public education and psychological cause.%政治民主化一直以来都是政府改革所追求的目标,也是当代政治发展的一种客观趋势。通过对中国政治民主化的发展进行纵向思考和分析,提出阻碍其发展的绝不仅是意识形态的原因,经济水平、政治制度和民众教育及心理因素也是非常重要的因素。

  13. Political System of the Great Cultural Revolution Reflected in Misty Poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Špela Oberstar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article outlines Chinese literature following the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in relation to Mao’s Communist policy. It presents the occurrence of Misty poetry as an opposition to the political ideology of the Great Cultural Revolution (1966–1976. Misty poetry is understood as a spontaneous illegal poetic movement of individuals who veiled their political demands directed against Mao’s ideology in metaphors. This oppositional stance resembled the movement of 4th May 1919 which took place after the collapse of the last Chinese dynasty and criticised the traditional dominant ideology of Confucianism and sought democratization of the Chinese society. The same desire was shared by the Misty poets but this time under the dominance of the political ideology of the Chinese Communist Party in the period following 1942 which was indicated by Mao Zedong in his speech in Yan’an. Mao’s policy was repressive in nature since the role of literature and art, and thereby also poetry, was seen only as being utilitarian and was thus sealed in the dictated reflection of the class struggle. Therefore, in essence, the communist period laid its path to capitalism.

  14. Globalization and democratization in Brazil: an interpretation of John Rawls's political liberalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliveira Junior, Nythamar Hilario Fernandes de

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo reflete os resultados de uma pesquisa em andamento sobre a dimensão normativa da globalização dentro da transição brasileira para a democracia à luz de uma teoria da justiça global, de inspiração rawlsiana. Recorrendo ao que pode-se denominar "a recepção brasileira do liberalismo político de Rawls" –particularmente, à sua contribuição para uma teoria da justiça global–, argumenta-se em favor de uma idéia de razão pública que subscreva tanto a um ethos autônomo, deliberativo, para a ação local (democratização brasileira quanto a uma concepção universalizável, igualitária, de justiça e liberdade (reformulação rawlsiana da social-democracia. Assume-se que o principal desafio da justiça global hoje consiste em efetivar a dimensão normativa da globalização de forma a consolidar a democracia em instituições sociais, econômicas e políticas das chamadas sociedades emergentes, tais como o Brasil. Ao recorrer a uma teoria da justiça global que evita as contradições tanto do neoliberalismo quanto do socialismo de estado, procura-se reformular a idéia rawlsiana de autonomia pública e democracia deliberativa em uma sociedade cujas instituições ainda estão em processo de consolidação. Recorre-se à trilogia de Rawls (A theory of justice, Political liberalism e The law of peoples para defender a social-democracia brasileira e sua inserção no processo globalizante sem subscrever a uma agenda neoliberal nem sucumbir ao dilema universalista-comunitarista

  15. The Banyamulenge of the Democratic Republic of Congo: A cultural community in the making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.L. Rukundwa

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years the name Banyamulenge has become associated with a warrior group in Eastern Congo because of the role some of its community members played in the war against the Mobutu regime. Researchers have been intrigued by the political motivations which unfortunately do not cover the cultural aspects of this community. This article attempts to document the cultural heritage of the Banyamulenge community. Many of the practices and traditions have become obsolete. The article explains the Banyamulenge cultural way of living, and how the divine was traditionally revealed to them in the form of human deities. Burnt sacrifice was part of community worship. The article documents what has been learnt from elders about the oral tradition, the cultural and religious realities of the community.

  16. The Dutch Political Reformed Party (SGP and Passive Female Suffrage: A Comparison of Three High Court Judgments From the Viewpoint of Democratic Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaco van den Brink

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Traditionally, in the Netherlands the idea was that political parties were essentially private associations in whose internal affairs the state ought not to interfere. However, the case of the Staatkundig Gereformeerde Partij (Political Reformed Party, hereafter, SGP has led to a political and public debate on whether this view can be maintained. This article examines the case of the SGP, particularly from the viewpoint of democratic theory. It eventually concludes that party regulation does not need to remain a taboo topic forever, even in the Netherlands, although with the SGP having recently changed its own constitution it may take a while until further provisions will be introduced. Care should be taken, however, that it does not lead to unnecessary infringements on the constitutional freedoms of minorities such as the SGP and its followers. After all, what is the point in pursuing non-discriminatory policies that are themselves discriminatory?

  17. Mutuality of political culture with strategic state priorities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. A. Shtuka

    2015-09-01

    This article highlighted a number of factors which influence on formation of the strategic priorities of the country. The author concludes that, socio­economic factor is the most important; it creates a political culture and defines development priorities, because welfare is the most accurate indicator, which shows whether people like the steps of government activities and selected areas of future development or no. It is proposed to develop and disseminate the ideology of strategic development that will ensure the effective functioning of the political culture.

  18. New Political Science of Democratic Age ——The Institutional Approach of Tocqueville's Political Thought%民主时代的新政治科学 ——托克维尔政治思想的制度路径考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单灵芝

    2015-01-01

    贯穿托克维尔全部思想的中心论题是在不可逆转的民主时代如何保存和实现自由. 托克维尔的民主是指身份平等所带来的政治制度、社会文化、法律、道德、民情等社会生活的一切方面的变化及状态,是一种新的不可避免的历史形态. 新的政治科学就是在民主时代避免新型专制,保存和实现自由的科学.制度路径是托克维尔新政治科学的必然选择.以朗格多克省的成功为典型,托克维尔描绘了一幅民主时代共和主义的自由图景.%The central theme throughou t all the Tocqueville 's thought is how to save and obtain freedom in an irreversible democratic era. Tocqueville 's Democracy refers to all aspects of the political institutions, social, cultural, legal, moral, social life of the people and the state of change brought about by the identity of equality; it is a new historical form, and inevitable. The new political science is the art to avoid new demo-cratic despotism, to save and obtain freedom. Institutional approach is the inevitable choice in Tocqueville's new political science. The old Languedoc province was a typical successful example, where Tocqueville painted a picture of a liberal Republicanism in democratic era.

  19. Cross-cultural comparison of political leaders' operational codes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dirilen-Gumus, Ozlem

    2016-03-04

    This study aims at comparing operational codes (namely, philosophical and instrumental beliefs about the political universe) of political leaders from different cultures. According to Schwartz (2004), cultures can be categorised into 3 dimensions: autonomy-embeddedness, egalitarianism-hierarchy and mastery-harmony. This study draws upon the 1st dimension (akin to the most popular cultural dimension of Hofstede: individualism-collectivism) and focuses on comparing the leaders of autonomous and embedded cultures based on how cooperative/conflictual they are. The main research hypothesis is as follows: the leaders of embedded cultures would be more cooperative than the leaders of autonomous cultures. For this purpose, 3 autonomous cultures (the UK, Canada and Australia) and embedded cultures (Singapore, South Africa and Malaysia) cultures were chosen randomly and the cooperativeness of the correspondent countries' leaders were compared after being profiled by Profiler Plus. The results indicated that the leaders of embedded cultures were significantly more cooperative than autonomous cultures after holding the control variables constant. The findings were discussed in the light of relevant literature.

  20. Understanding generations: political economy and culture in an ageing society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vincent, John A

    2005-12-01

    Sociological understanding of generations can be enhanced by avoiding defining them rigidly as chronological cohorts but rather linking people's accounts of their generational experience with an historically informed political economy. It then becomes possible, for example, to understand the complexity of generational politics. This paper uses data on the 'War Generation' taken from the Exeter Politics of Old Age project to link an empirically based political economy of generational inequality with a cultural sociology of generations. The 'War Generation' recognizes itself and is referred to by others in terms of a common identity. It is also an historical generation; its values, attitudes and, above all, sense of national solidarity and mutual obligation were forged in the direct experience of war. But it is also divided by divergent economic interests in property and pension rights based on the historical experience of the life course by successive groups and this segmentation can be observed in political action. The political culture of the War Generation manifests both continuity and change. Understanding these dynamics requires listening to people constructing their worlds, understanding their full range of historical experiences, and analysing the conditions for their conflicts and their cohesion.

  1. Public sphere as assemblage: the cultural politics of roadside memorialization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Elaine

    2013-09-01

    This paper investigates contemporary academic accounts of the public sphere. In particular, it takes stock of post-Habermasian public sphere scholarship, and acknowledges a lively and variegated debate concerning the multiple ways in which individuals engage in contemporary political affairs. A critical eye is cast over a range of key insights which have come to establish the parameters of what 'counts' as a/the public sphere, who can be involved, and where and how communicative networks are established. This opens up the conceptual space for re-imagining a/the public sphere as an assemblage. Making use of recent developments in Deleuzian-inspired assemblage theory - most especially drawn from DeLanda's (2006) 'new philosophy of society' - the paper sets out an alternative perspective on the notion of the public sphere, and regards it as a space of connectivity brought into being through a contingent and heterogeneous assemblage of discursive, visual and performative practices. This is mapped out with reference to the cultural politics of roadside memorialization. However, a/the public sphere as an assemblage is not simply a 'social construction' brought into being through a logic of connectivity, but is an emergent and ephemeral space which reflexively nurtures and assembles the cultural politics (and political cultures) of which it is an integral part. The discussion concludes, then, with a consideration of the contribution of assemblage theory to public sphere studies. (Also see Campbell 2009a). © London School of Economics and Political Science 2013.

  2. Is John Locke a democrat?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, Palle

    (Holden, Held, Ball and Dagger) and monographs on Locke (Dunn, Parry, Marshall). In this paper a new approach to the democratic character of John Locke's political theory is suggested, as his Second Treatise is analysed with Robert A. Dahl's conceptual framework on assumptions for a democratic order......, criteria for a democratic process, and the institutions of polyarchy. The conclusion has implications for the relationship between political liberalism and constitutionalism on the one hand and democracy on the other....

  3. Between the Managerial and the Democratic University: Governance Structure and Academic Freedom as Sites of Political Struggle

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dalie Giroux; Dimitrios Karmis; Christian Rouillard

    2015-01-01

      In this article we argue that the university cannot fully contribute to democratic life without being both an institution whose governance is collegial and based on principles of equality, equity...

  4. Corruption, political culture and negative social capital in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcello Baquero

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available One of the problems in strengthening Brazilian democracy has been the endurance of continued corruption on the part of state officials. The result has been the institutionalization of a political culture, which shows a growing alienation, and apathy of citizens regarding politics. This behavior has its origins in citizens´ perception that the state and public authorities cannot be trusted producing an inertial democracy with low stocks of social capital. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between corruption practices by state authorities and the structuring of a defective political culture in Brazil. The working hypothesis is that serious cases of institutionalized corruption are possible due to invisible social ties created among public authorities, producing social capital of a negative nature, which constraints the effective advancements in Brazilian democracy.

  5. Cultural Politics and Transboundary Resource Governance in the Salish Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma S. Norman

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the cultural politics of water governance through the analysis of a new governing body created by indigenous leaders in the Pacific Northwest of North America – The Coast Salish Aboriginal Council. This paper investigates how the administrative structures and physical boundaries of water governance are both socially constructed and politically mobilised. The key moments explored in this article are closely linked to the power dynamics constituted through postcolonial constructions of space. Inclusion of cultural politics of scale will, arguably, provide a more nuanced approach to the study of transboundary environmental governance. This has important implications for the study of natural resource management for indigenous communities, whose traditional homelands are often bifurcated by contemporary border constructions.

  6. Political Instability in Nepal: Examining the Roles of the Parties and Monarchy in the Second Democratic Period (1990-2002)

    OpenAIRE

    Pathak , Surya Prasad; Surya Prasad, Pathak

    2012-01-01

    This paper has related two goals. First, it examines the root causes of the breakdown of democracy in Nepal, focuses on second democratic period (1990-2002), and second, it explores the future prospects of democracy in Nepal. In order to identify the problems of the breakdown of democracy in Nepal, this research draws upon interviews conducted in Nepal with politicians of the two largest parties in the second democratic period (1990-2002), the Nepali Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal ...

  7. Anticapitalism and culture: radical theory and popular politics

    OpenAIRE

    Gilbert , Jeremy

    2011-01-01

    What does 'anticapitalism' really mean for the politics and culture of the twenty-first century? Anticapitalism is an idea which, despite going global, remains rooted in the local, persisting as a loose collection of grassroots movements and actions. Anticapitalism needs to develop a coherent and cohering philosophy, something which cultural theory and the intellectual legacy of the New Left can help to provide, notably through the work of key radical thinkers, such as Ernesto Laclau, Stua...

  8. Prosocial Behaviour and Political Culture among Australian Secondary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Lawrence J.

    2004-01-01

    This study investigates the extent to which forms of prosocial behaviour and values of social responsibility are related to various domains of political culture among Australian youth. Using data from a survey of 1311 senior secondary students from the ACT and South Australia, it was found that 14 per cent had participated in one or more volunteer…

  9. 论民主政治中“协商”与“竞争”的区别--兼论街头政治的法治问题%On the Distinction between“Consultation” and“Competition” in the Democratic Politics---On the rule of law in street politics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁虹超; 王智嵬

    2016-01-01

    民主政治产生机制对“协商”与“竞争”的不同偏好,导致在民主政治思维、民主政治形式、民主政治活动方面的较大差异,特别在对待街头政治问题上十分明显。街头政治是一种表达政治诉求的手段,具有偶发性、公开性、撕裂性和暴力倾向,在政治法治化背景下,其在不同民主政治模式中存在着预设前提、成本分析、结果评价等方面的差异化法治问题。%The different preferences of the democratic political generation mechanism for"consultation" and"competition", which lead to the great difference between the democratic political thinking, the form of democratic politics, and the activities of democratic politics. Street politics is a means to express political demands, which has the characteristics of contingency, openness, tearing and violence. In the context of political rule of law, there are different legal issues in the different democratic political model, such as presupposition, cost analysis, result evaluation and so on.

  10. Caribbean Popular Culture: Everyday Lives, Racial Politics and Transnational Movements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emiel Martens

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Radical Moves: Caribbean Migrants and the Politics of Race in the Jazz Age, by Lara Putman. Chapell Hill: University of Carolina Press, 2013.Remixing Reggaetón: The Cultural Politics of Race in Puerto Rico, by Petra R. Rivera-Rideau. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2015.Roy Cape: A Life on the Calypso and Soca Bandstand, by Joycelyne Guilbault and Roy Cape. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2014. Broadcasting Modernity: Cuban Commercial Television, 1950-1960, by Yeidy M. Rivero. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2015.

  11. 论网络民主对民主政治发展的影响%On the Influence of Cyber Democracy on the Development of Democratic Politics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖小霞

    2016-01-01

    Cyber democracy is like a “double-edged sword”, because when it is introduced in promoting the development of demo-cratic politics, it may bring about some threats that can not be ignored.On one hand, cyber democracy makes up for the insufficiency of traditional democracy, reviving the direct democracy idea, bridging the gap between the public and the governments, strengthening the scientification and democratization of public decision-making, broadening the channels of democratic supervision and creating a new way for anti-corruption.On the other, cyber democracy may trigger emotional democracy that will result in political instability, cause the differentiation of political participation between the rich and poor that will widen the democratic gap.What’ s more, it may-be be controlled by the ruling hierarchy and is turned into an authoritarian tool for the society.Therefore, in order to eliminate the shortness of cyber democracy, it is necessary to improve the network quality of citizens, popularize Internet utilization and strengthen the construction of relevant laws and regulations.%网络民主犹如一把“双刃剑”,在促进民主政治发展的同时,也存在某些不可忽视的威胁。一方面,网络民主弥补传统民主形式的不足,复兴直接民主思想;搭建公众与政府对话的桥梁,加强公共决策的科学化和民主化;拓宽民主监督的渠道,开创反腐新途径。另一方面,网络民主也有可能引发情绪性民主,导致政治不稳定;导致贫富阶层参政水平分化,扩大民主鸿沟;还可能被上层统治集团控制,成为控制社会的新型专制宣传工具。因此,需要从提高公民的网络素质、普及网络使用率和加强相关法律法规建设这三方面入手来弥补网络民主的缺陷。

  12. Cultural Descriptions as Political Cultural Acts: An Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holliday, Adrian

    2010-01-01

    Interculturality may be something normal which everyone possesses to a degree. However, dominant neo-essentialist theories of culture give the impression that we are too different to easily cross-cultural boundaries. These theories support the development of academic disciplines and the need for professional certainty in intercultural training.…

  13. On Political Education and Transformation of Political Culture in Germany After World War Ⅱ%政治教育与“二战”后德国政治文化的转型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮一帆; 傅安洲; 彭涛

    2012-01-01

    After the World War Ⅱ, Germany has experienced a transition and transformation from a submis- sive political culture to a participating one. As a result, it has finally realized the west democratization and mod- ernization in politics. This transformation was brought about under the effect of multiple factors. In this process, the political education of the country represented and motivated by "Federal Agency for Civic Education" has played a role of mediator between political system and political culture. "Federal Agency for Civic Education" has thereby played a vital role in the formation of capitalist political culture in postwar Germany.%“二战”后,德国经历了由臣服型政治文化向参与型政治文化的变迁和转型,实现了政治的西方民主化与现代化。这一转变是多种因素共同作用的结果。由“联邦政治教育中心”所代表和推动的国家政治教育工作,充当了政治体系与政治文化之间的中介角色,在“二战”后德国社会形成西方资产阶级政治文化的过程中发挥了重要作用。

  14. Elements of European Political Culture in the Central Asian National Outskirts of the Russian Empire: Perception Specifics of Foreign Cultural Innovations (late 19th – early 20th

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuliya A. Lysenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the main results of political modernization in the Central Asian national outskirts of the Russian Empire taken place in the late 19th – early 20th centuries. The concept “Central Asian national outskirts” includes Stepnoy and Turkistan Governorate Generals, the two administrative-territorial entities founded in the 1860s as a result of a complete joining of the Kazakh camping grounds of the Junior, Middle and Elder zhuzhes; after the Kokand and Khivinsk khanates inhabited by nomads ( the Kirghiz, the Kara-Kalpaks as well as the settled population (the Uzbeks were conquered. The analysis of the sources and materials conducted by the authors asserts that the political modernization of the Central Asian national outskirts proposed by the Russian Empire was carried out in line with the fundamental characteristics of West European civilization and the basis of its political culture. Thus the system of local government was established and the democratic electoral system was introduced by means of expanding the voter’s base, with the region’s population participating in social and political life. The principles of bourgeois ideology based on such concepts as “equality”, “freedom”, “self-determination” were also formed. However, the political modernization of the Central Asian national outskirts should not be considered as complete. Up to 1917 the political sphere of the region’s population was characterized by the predominance of traditional mores, values and laws, whereas clan ideology, tribalism and Muslim ethno-consciousness were characteristic of the social sphere. All these factors affected the process of adapting to western political culture. The institutionalization of the new structures did not go along with the de-institutionalization of the traditional ones, and so resulted in the combination and coexistence of the traditional and modern structures.

  15. Latin American Challenge: Consolidation of a Democratic Ideal

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade, Dostoievsky Ernesto de Melo; Sabino, Carla Danielle Barreto de Sousa

    2016-01-01

    The quality of democracy is analyzed by the ability to leverage the potential of various dimensions that characterize the mechanisms that control the exercise of political power. In Latin America the particular mode of relationship between state and citizens is weakened by social, economic and political context. Indeed, in Latin America, one of the democratic quality problems is the weakness of these control mechanisms and the consequences of this model affects the transgressive culture. Esta...

  16. PERSON, POLITICS AND CULTURE FORMATION: THOUGHT AND EXPERIENCE DEFEAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Antônio Giovinazzo Júnior

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, it is proposed some reflections concerning to the predominant cultural formation models in the contemporary society, which is marked by instrumental rationality and technique. By means of the presentation of some Herbert Marcuse and Theodor W. Adorno conceptions on history, dialectic, reason and experience, it is distinguished the necessity to review the political performance patterns, in view of the conservative nature of delayed capitalism. In this direction, it is suggested the reevaluation of the Marxist dialectic, according determined negation and determined choice concepts, and the consideration of the historical process as field of possibilities, from the continuity-rupture binomial. It is also analyzed the consequences of the type of rationality predominant at the time current, where the false necessities prevail, that is, those imposed; as well as the thought and experience split, that is in action in the cultural formation of the persons, in order to hinder the autonomy, what, consequently, reverberates on the political action.

  17. The politics of retrenchment in a social democratic welfare state : reform of Swedish pensions and unemployment insurance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Anderson, Karen M.

    2001-01-01

    What explains the origins and pattern of retrenchment dynamics in Swedish old-age pensions and unemployment insurance during the 1990s? Although the economic crisis created pressure to scale back both programs, the author argues that retrenchment only occurred when and where the Social Democratic Pa

  18. The Complexly Constructed Citizen-Worker: Her/His Centrality to the Struggle for Radical Democratic Politics and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brosio, Richard

    This paper examines the role of identity within the radical democratic traditions, specifically the categories known as citizens and worker. The progressive coalition aimed at countering classism, racism, ethnic and gender injustices, homophobia and misogyny must seek an axis around which to organize the diversity of humankind. Retaining the…

  19. The Politics of Retrenchment in a Social Democratic Welfare State, Reform of Swedish Pensions and Unemployment Research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Anderson, K.M.; Anderson, Karen M.

    2001-01-01

    What explains the origins and pattern of retrenchment dynamics in Swedish old-age pensions and unemployment insurance during the 1990s? Although the economic crisis created pressure to scale back both programs, the author argues that retrenchment only occurred when and where the Social Democratic

  20. On the Culture Factor in the Translation of Political Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程镇球

    2001-01-01

    @@ As in many other types of translation, culture plays an important part in the translation of political writings. This is of course a very general statement. And according to Edmund Keeley, professor of English and creative writing at Princeton University, "any discussion of translation in broad terms is dangerous" ① Let's then avoid generalizations and get down to specifics by citing a couple of examples.

  1. Peak Politics: Resource Scarcity and Libertarian Political Culture in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider-Mayerson, Matthew

    My dissertation uses the "peak oil" movement as a lens to analyze the convergence of apocalyptic environmental thinking and libertarian political culture in the recent United States. The "peak oil" movement was a twenty-first century American social movement of Americans who came to believe that oil depletion and other environmental problems would lead to the imminent collapse of global industrial society. Dedicated adherents developed a rich subculture, primarily online, and prepared themselves for the "post-carbon" future by conserving energy, changing occupations, and even purchasing land. Drawing on surveys of over 1,500 participants, ethnographic research, discourse analysis of peak oil websites and literary analysis of subcultural fiction, my research reveals a group of mostly white, male, liberal Americans struggling with the perceived threat of economic, environmental and geopolitical decline while the country undergoes a broad shift in political culture: the continued rise of libertarian ideals, accelerated by the influence of Internet technology. I view this apocalyptic subculture in the context of petroleum dependence, eco-apocalyptic discourses, the environmental discourse of "limits to growth," white masculinity, climate change, and the influence of conservative individualism on American political culture.

  2. Characteristic and Cultural Study of the Politeness in Chinese and English Cultures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席晓

    2008-01-01

    s This paper shows that people lays special emphasis on difference aspects of politeness principle in the light of their own culture in cross-communication. And it analyses what the differences of PP in the language us-ing in Pragmatic are, and why? It deals with the differences between English and Chinese cultures.

  3. Political Cultural Ecology and the Study of Regions in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábregas Puig, Andrés

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows why Cultural Ecology, understood as a method to explore the relationships between the environment and cultural processes, has deeply influenced a whole generation of Mexican anthropologists as a result of the teachings of Ángel Palerm and Eric Wolf. The practical application of Steward’s theories to the processes of Mexican regional formation, linked to the use of hydraulic technologies as part of both adaptative cultural strategies and the political control of water in the process of food production, shows that Cultural Ecology, understood as cultural management of natural environments, as it happens with Economy, is designed and politically manipulated in the context of deeply unequal societies with unadaptative consequences.

    El artículo muestra por qué la ecología cultural, entendida como un método para indagar en las relaciones entre el medio ambiente y los procesos culturales ha arraigado en una generación de antropólogos mexicanos como consecuencia del magisterio de Ángel Palerm y Eric Wolf. La aplicación práctica de las teorías de Steward a los procesos de formación regional mexicana vinculados a usos políticos de tecnologías hidráulicas como parte, tanto de estrategias culturales de adaptación como de control político del agua en el proceso de producción de alimentos, ha puesto de manifiesto que la ecología cultural, entendida como manejo cultural de entornos naturales, al igual que la economía, es diseñada y manejada políticamente en el contexto de sociedades profundamente desiguales con consecuencias maladaptantes.

  4. Watching Politics: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Impact of Visual Cultures on Politics, University of Warwick, 31 May 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Gallimore

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Jointly hosted by the Institute of Advanced Study and the Department of Film and Television Studies at the University of Warwick, the Watching Politics symposium brought together a range of disciplines to explore the social, cultural, aesthetic, historical, theoretical and political impacts of visual cultures on politics - and vice versa.  With such a wide remit, it was interesting to identify how links between the various papers were established, frequently relating to this interdependence of influence and transmission between the two systems.  Devoting attention across a diverse range of contemporary and past media, culture and politics opened up the event to consider a variety of interdisciplinary approaches and methodologies, encouraging a more holistic view of the relationship between visual cultures and politics.

  5. Political News and Political Consciousness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schertges, Claudia

    2007-01-01

    This article deals with mass media in modern democratic societies, using the example of Israeli news reports in German television (TV) news. Central to this interest are processes of mediating politics: political socialisation and education; that is to say, empowering citizens via TV news to participate in democratic processes. The article…

  6. The Traditional Culture Factorsin Indian Political Change%印度政治变迁中的传统文化因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪共福

    2015-01-01

    印度宗教文化浓厚,种姓观念根深蒂固,教派主义对政治的渗透、种姓政治的出现不断冲击国大党政府的世俗主义政策,也动摇了国大党的一党主政地位,使印度出现多党竞争执政格局。而家族政治的延续既使民主政治受到伤害,又为民主政治的推行发挥了作用。传统文化与现代政治的结合一方面带来消极影响,另一方面又为政治现代化找到合适的方式,推动了政治多元化。%India has strongly religious culture and deep-rooted caste idea. Communalism infiltrating politics and caste politics constantly impact Congress government’s secular policy, which shaken one-party-dominated pattern and come forth multi-party competed pattern. While the continuation of family politics both hurt democracy and played a role for the implementation of democratic politics. Traditional culture combining with modern politics would cause negative effects;on the other hand it can find appropriate way for political modernization and propelled political diversification.

  7. The Making of Antisemitism as a Political Movement. Political History as Cultural History (1879-1914

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Werner Bergmann

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The new dimension of antisemitism in contrast to the traditional religious animosity towards Jews, was in first instance not so much its racist orientation but the fact that this hostility assumed the form of a political or social movement. The reason for its emergence must be seen in the larger transformations taking place in 19th century Europe, in the social conflicts, economic upheavals, cultural dislocations and social-moral crises. Antisemitism, therefore, was not caused by religious conflicts; on the contrary this new kind of hatred against Jews originated from the “great transformation,” the upheaval of the whole way of living in the formation of the industrial world. This transformation led to a ‘clash of economic mentalities,” and parts of the middle classes and of the peasant population adhered to the “moral economy” of the traditional world.5 Unable to grasp the new capitalist mentality, they accused the Jews of being responsible for this transformation. The religious tradition of animosity towards Jews in this context served as legitimacy for the new antisemitic rage. Moreover Catholic, Protestant as well as Orthodox clergyman, fearing the cultural upheaval, accused the Jews of being responsible for the social and political conflicts of the 19th Century. Paradoxically, in this way, the Christian Churches played an important part in the making of the new non religious and secular political movement of antisemitism

  8. TALKING POLITICS ONLINE WITHIN SPACES OF POPULAR CULTURE : THE CASE OF THE BIG BROTHER FORUM

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graham, T.S.

    2010-01-01

    Talking politics online is not bound to spaces dedicated to politics, particularly the everyday political talk crucial to the public sphere. The aim of this article is to move beyond such spaces by examining political talk within a space dedicated to popular culture. The purpose is to see whether a

  9. The cultural politics of biomedicine in the Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul E. Brodwin

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] Healing the Masses: Cuban Health Politics at Home and Abroad. JULIE M. FEINSILVER. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. xx + 307 pp. (Cloth US$ 45.00, Paper US$ 17.00 The Blessings of Motherhood: Health, Pregnancy and Child Care in Dominica. ANJA KRUMEICH. Amsterdam: Het Spinhuis, 1994. iii + 278 pp. (Paper NLG 47.50 Disability and Rehabilitation in Rural Jamaica: An Ethnographic Study. RONNIE LINDA LEAVITT. Rutherford NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press; London: Associated University Presses, 1992. 249 pp. (Cloth US$ 39.50 Based on research in three Caribbean societies, these books explore the contours of biomedicine ("Western" or scientific medicine as a cultural system and an instrument of state power. On a theoretical level, the authors take up the blurred boundaries between Western biomedicine and other forms of healing as well as the political meanings and contradictions hidden behind everyday clinical routines. Their particular research projects, however, ask what has happened to the dream of universally accessible medical care in the past twenty years in the Caribbean region. The books focus on a community-based pediatric disability program in Jamaica(Leavitt, maternal and child health care in Dominica (Krumeich, and Cuba's national project of medical modernization (Feinsilver. Specific diseases or clinical outcomes are less at issue than the cultural and political dimensions of planned health development and the social transformations it sets into motion on both local and national levels.

  10. Globalization: political and economic and sociological analysis of cultures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. S. Babicheva

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In the presented article the authors examine the political and economic and cultural situation in the world in the context of globalization. Special priority is accorded to the coverage of political and economic situation in the world. Because, the twentieth century has demonstrated the power of supranational military- political blocs, the possibility of coalitions of control groups, continental and regional associations, international organizations. At the end of the twentieth century, the contours of «world government» have outlined (world of the Board: some international organizations started performing important political integration functions. The value of the global division of labor has increased in the economic sphere, the role of transnational corporations has increased, which have become powerful forces in the world economy. Having lost the national roots, such corporations operate globally, using local resources and subsidies. The authors noted that the trend of globalization had its influence on the culture as well .Media unites peoples and continents , informing millions of people about the events in different parts of the world , attracting them to various cultural experiences , traditions and customs of exotic tribes and nationalities .Today, there is no doubt, that the desire to solve global problems that affect interests of the peoples of all continents leads to the formation of the world humanistic consciousness. It is proved that during a long period of time the phenomenon of globalization was considered in socio-political theories mainly from the point of economic centrism. As It is the economic sphere, in which the globalization centrism was mostly discovered. The basic classical concepts developed within the economic centrism: theory of imperialism, dependency theory, world system theory. It was marked that the presented economic-centric pictures of globalization cannot explain the cultural-historical diversity of the

  11. China's Construction of Democratic Politics and Its Implications——Speech at the Fourth Bali Democracy Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong Yunhu

    2012-01-01

    Your Excellency President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono,Dear Chairman,ladies and gentlemen,I am very glad to have this opportunity to attend the fourth Bali Democracy Forum.Today,state leaders and experts from different countries gather together at Bali,the beautiful "Flower Island," to share experience and exchange views of developing democracy,and explore ways to promote the democratic development of our own countries.

  12. A Comparative Study of Face and Politeness in Chinese and Western Cultures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Feng-fang

    2013-01-01

    This paper makes a comparative study of the Chinese and western attitudes towards“face”and“politeness”. When concerning the standards of politeness, western cultures focus more on the creation of individual ’s private space; while Chinese culture, as a typical collectivist culture, shows more stress on harmony and group identity. But some euphemisms and cultural rit-uals show the generosity of being polite in both cultures. After this comparative study of face and politeness in two cultures, there will be a better understanding of politeness between Chinese and western communication.

  13. Music Education in Shanghai from 1895 to 1945: The Cultural Politics of Singing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Wai-Chung

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the development of music education in China and the integration of cultural politics and nationalism, using Shanghai, twentieth-century China's most developed city, as a case study; it examines the historical and political processes in Shanghai's music education to show what is cultural about politics and what is political…

  14. Re-Imagining Democratic Citizenship Education: Towards a Culture of Compassionate Responsibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davids, Nuraan; Waghid, Yusef

    2012-01-01

    Benhabib (2002:134) maintains that, in order for individuals to become democratic citizens they need to be exposed to at least three inter-related elements: collective identity, privileges of membership, and social rights and benefits. Through exposure to these three inter-related items it is hoped that, by means of the teaching and learning of…

  15. Reorienting Deliberation: Identity Politics in Multicultural Societies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Mason

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Many political theorists argue that cross-cultural communication within multicultural democracies is not best served by a commitment to identity politics. In response, I argue that identity politics only interfere with democratic participation according to an erroneous interpretation of the relationship between identity and reasoning. I argue that recognizing the importance of identity to the intelligibility of reasons offered in the context of civic deliberation is the first step towards the kind of dialogue that democratic participation requires.


  16. Construction of Hong-dae cultural district : cultural place, cultural policy and cultural politics

    OpenAIRE

    Cho, Mihye

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation examines how the process of creating the "Hong-dae cultural district" in Seoul has involved the mobilisation of various social groups and triggered the (re)institutionalisation of the meaning of "the cultural". It seeks to explicate how a cultural policy project can stimulate the emergence of social groups, which challenge existing policy provisions and laws and lead to the (re)institutionalisation of "Hong-dae culture". In so doing, the author will be able to simultaneously...

  17. A Comparison between China and America’s Political Cultures on the Perspective of Value Orientation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋卓航

    2015-01-01

    <正>How do we define political culture and how do we understand Chinese political culture and American culture?Political culture is defined by the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences as"the set of attitudes,beliefs and sentiments that give order and meaning to a political process and which provide the underlying assumptions and rules that govern behavior in the political system".Such kind of attitudes,beliefs and sentiments can be seen as the reflection of culture.A political culture is the result of both the collective history of a political system and the life histories of the members of the system and thus it is rooted equally in public events and private

  18. Health services and the political culture of Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, E B; Searle, C M

    1985-01-01

    Health services occupy a high priority in the development agenda of Saudi Arabia, Saudi culture--devotion to Islam, extended-family values, the segregated status of females and the Al Saud monarchic hegemony--is being formulated in an increasingly deliberate fashion, constituting a new 'political culture' which acts as a screen to insure that technological and human progress remain within acceptable bounds. There is a general disposition on the part of the Saudi populace to use modern health services as these become available, largely under governmental auspice. The role of the government in providing health care for pilgrims during the hajj to Mecca is of particular culture importance. Cultural sensitivities concerning male physicians and female patients will be minimized by the training of a substantial number of Saudi female physicians, whose efforts will be directed toward female patients. At present, most health care in the Kingdom is delivered by male expatriate physicians, as part of the general massive reliance upon expatriate workers: although the expatriates will eventually be replaced by Saudi physicians, this dependency, which is felt to threaten Saudi culture, will continue for a decade or more. Private medicine is rapidly increasing though not on the same scale as government medicine. The provision of government health services is a source of legitimation for the Al Saud regime. In general, health services appear to constitute a form of modernization which meets the test of cultural compatibility.

  19. The cultural evolution of democracy: saltational changes in a political regime landscape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindenfors, Patrik; Jansson, Fredrik; Sandberg, Mikael

    2011-01-01

    Transitions to democracy are most often considered the outcome of historical modernization processes. Socio-economic changes, such as increases in per capita GNP, education levels, urbanization and communication, have traditionally been found to be correlates or 'requisites' of democratic reform. However, transition times and the number of reform steps have not been studied comprehensively. Here we show that historically, transitions to democracy have mainly occurred through rapid leaps rather than slow and incremental transition steps, with a median time from autocracy to democracy of 2.4 years, and overnight in the reverse direction. Our results show that autocracy and democracy have acted as peaks in an evolutionary landscape of possible modes of institutional arrangements. Only scarcely have there been slow incremental transitions. We discuss our results in relation to the application of phylogenetic comparative methods in cultural evolution and point out that the evolving unit in this system is the institutional arrangement, not the individual country which is instead better regarded as the 'host' for the political system.

  20. Dialogue, Eurocentrism, and Comparative Political Theory: A View from Cross-Cultural Intellectual History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shogimen, Takashi

    2016-01-01

    Comparative political theory is an emerging sub-field of political theory; it is a response to the dissatisfaction with the prevalent Eurocentric mode of political theorizing in the age of globalization. A methodological characteristic of comparative political theory is cross-cultural engagement through dialogue with foreign political ideas. The present paper argues that the dialogical mode of cross-cultural engagement is distinctively European. While the dialogical engagement with foreign worldviews constitutes a mainstream of the European literary tradition, it is largely absent, for example, from the Japanese counterpart. Despite its anti-Eurocentric motivations, comparative political theory is methodologically rooted in the European tradition.

  1. Acceptance of democracy and democratic orientation in Serbia in the context of social changes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlović Zoran

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The subject of the paper is the support for democratic government and its basic values expressed by the citizens of Serbia. Direct, general evaluation of democracy, operationalized through valuing democracy as a good or bad system of government was analyzed. Unidimensional syndrome of democratic orientation which comprises social tolerance, postmaterialist values, valuing of autonomy, support for gender equality and market orientation was observed as an indicator of the acceptance of the democratic values. The data collected in the three waves of the World Values Survey (N=3700, conducted on representative samples of Serbian citizens in 1996, 2001 and 2006, were analyzed. The results of the analysis indicate that general support for democratic government, as well as the acceptance of the democratic orientation among Serbian citizens, shows a 'zigzag' profile of change - a sharp increase after the democratic changes in 2000, followed by a significant decrease. The congruence between support for democratic government and democratic values is relatively rare. The concluding chapter discusses the importance and implications of the obtained results in the context of social change effects on the changes of value orientations in one society, as well as in the light of the two competing models of the relationship between political culture and political structure, culturalist and institutionalist. .

  2. Multistakeholder partnerships with the Democratic Peoples' Republic of Korea to improve childhood immunisation: A perspective from global health equity and political determinants of health equity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hani; Marks, Florian; Novakovic, Uros; Hotez, Peter J; Black, Robert E

    2016-08-01

    To examine the current partnerships to improve the childhood immunisation programme in the Democratic Peoples' Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the context of the political determinants of health equity. A literature search was conducted to identify public health collaborations with the DPRK government. Based on the amount of publicly accessible data and a shared approach in health system strengthening among the partners in immunisation programmes, the search focused on these partnerships. The efforts by WHO, UNICEF, GAVI and IVI with the DPRK government improved the delivery of childhood vaccines (e.g. pentavalent vaccines, inactivated polio vaccine, two-dose measles vaccine and Japanese encephalitis vaccine) and strengthened the DPRK health system by equipping health centres, and training all levels of public health personnel for VPD surveillance and immunisation service delivery. The VPD-focused programmatic activities in the DPRK have improved the delivery of childhood immunisation and have created dialogue and contact with the people of the DPRK. These efforts are likely to ameliorate the political isolation of the people of the DPRK and potentially improve global health equity. © 2016 The Authors. Tropical Medicine & International Health Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. Democratization in Malawi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emmanuel, Nikolas G.

    2013-01-01

    a political conditionality approach. Few countries have felt the weight of conditionality as much as Malawi did in the 1990s. Here, donors were able to use aid sanctions to successfully encourage democratization, while strengthening the demands of domestic opposition forces. This paper argues that three...

  4. Is John Locke a democrat?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, Palle

      Over recent years there has been a tendency to present John Locke as an equalitarian democrat (Ashcraft) and being close to the political views of the levellers (Waldron). This is not a completely new interpretation (Kendall, 1941), but contrasts with the prevalent view presented in textbooks...... (Holden, Held, Ball and Dagger) and monographs on Locke (Dunn, Parry, Marshall). In this paper a new approach to the democratic character of John Locke's political theory is suggested, as his Second Treatise is analysed with Robert A. Dahl's conceptual framework on assumptions for a democratic order...

  5. 浅析中国市场经济发展过程中的政治民主化%Analysis of the Process of Market Economy Development of China's Political Democratization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭亚丽

    2011-01-01

    市场经济的迅猛发展使我国的经济结构、社会生活、大众心态等发生了重大变化。经济的深刻转型客观上要求民主政治建设与市场经济发展同步。基于我国复杂的历史背景和发展现状,我国政治民主化在经历了长期、曲折的过程之后,必然会逐步探索出一种新型的、现代化的社会主义民主政治体制,从而完善我国社会主义民主政治。%The rapid development of market economy makes the economic structure of our country, social life, mass psychology produced major change. Economic transformation on the objective requirements of democratic political construction and market economy development. Based on China's complicated historical background and development situation, China's political democratization in experienced a long, tortuous process, will progressively exploration gives a new, modern political system of socialist democracy, improve the socialist democratic politics in china.

  6. Heritability in political interest and efficacy across cultures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klemmensen, Robert; Hatemi, Peter K; Hobolt, Sara B

    2012-01-01

    Interest in politics is important for a host of political behaviors and beliefs. Yet little is known about where political interest comes from. Most studies exploring the source of political interest focus on parental influences, economic status, and opportunity. Here, we investigate an alternati...

  7. The Democratic Vision of Carl Schmitt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Søren Hviid

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to justify two propositions. One, that Schmitt’s political vision is indeed democratic and second, that Schmitt’s democratic vision, plebiscitary or leadership democracy, is better adapted to our modern political condition and the challenges confronting modern...

  8. Political, cultural and economic foundations of primary care in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kringos, Dionne S; Boerma, Wienke G W; van der Zee, Jouke; Groenewegen, Peter P

    2013-12-01

    This article explores various contributing factors to explain differences in the strength of the primary care (PC) structure and services delivery across Europe. Data on the strength of primary care in 31 European countries in 2009/10 were used. The results showed that the national political agenda, economy, prevailing values, and type of healthcare system are all important factors that influence the development of strong PC. Wealthier countries are associated with a weaker PC structure and lower PC accessibility, while Eastern European countries seemed to have used their growth in national income to strengthen the accessibility and continuity of PC. Countries governed by left-wing governments are associated with a stronger PC structure, accessibility and coordination of PC. Countries with a social-security based system are associated with a lower accessibility and continuity of PC; the opposite is true for transitional systems. Cultural values seemed to affect all aspects of PC. It can be concluded that strengthening PC means mobilising multiple leverage points, policy options, and political will in line with prevailing values in a country.

  9. Exercising Freedom over Time: Political and Cultural Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alixon David Reyes Rodríguez

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The following paper addresses, in an essay format, the topic of the emergence of a culture that includes the redeeming recreation of important elements such as freedom and responsibility from a practical point of view, as a collective life project, consistent with humanitarian ideals and values. This is an analytical paper based on questions pertaining to categories and assumptions such as leisure time, work, and capitalism, among others. The objective of this analysis is the deconstruction of myths that, in the light of the theory and the political philosophies resulting from the industrial revolution, subsume recreation as an activity. Myths do not only do this but limit recreation to time specificity, thwarting the possibility of happiness and the liberation of consciousness from a dehumanizing and dehumanized ideology.

  10. The Discussion on Strengthening the Democratic Parties Participating in Politics Mechanism Construction%加强各民主党派参政议政机制建设问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽萍; 马进

    2012-01-01

    民主党派参政议政是中国共产党领导下的多党合作和政治协商制度的重要组成部分,民主党派参政议政机制建设的薄弱是妨碍民主党派参政议政的主要问题。机制建设应从四个方面着手:一是建立和健全话语表达机制,保证信息渠道;二是建立和完善参政议政联动机制,实现整体效能发挥;三是建立健全参政议政与重大决策相统一的机制,反映民主党派的利益诉求;四是建立和完善学习机制,构建学习型民主党派的党组织,培养参政议政的能力。%The democratic Party participating in politics is under the leadership of the communist party of China multi-Party coop eration and political consultation system is an important part of.This paper argues that the Democratic Parties participating in politics mechanism construction is the main problem.The democratic Parties participating in politics is concerned,system construction in our province from four aspects: firstly,to establish and improve words expressing mechanism,ensure that information channels.Secondly,es tablish and perfect the linkage mechanism,realize the overall efficiency of participating in politics.Thirdly,establish and perfect the participating politics of unity with major decision mechanism,reflect democratic interest demand.Fourth,establish and perfect the mech anism of learning,construction of learning-oriented Democratic Party organization,cultivate the ability of participating in politics.

  11. The Promotion of Democratic Behavior and the Role of Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Muhammad Saqib; Khan, Irfanullah; Khan, Ahmad Ali; Jan, Farooq; Ahmad, Riaz; Rauf, Hamid

    2015-01-01

    This study is conducted to measure the influence of social media over the democratic behavior of the students. Social media is the main component of political participation in democratic societies and the study of democratic behavior is a highly specialized sub-field in political and social science. The study was concerned with the reasons that to…

  12. The Influence of Culture on Expressions of Politeness between Chinese and Westerners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静

    2013-01-01

    Language is an important carrier of culture, and culture finds a better representation through language use. As Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis holds that there is a correlation between language and culture, different nations have different cultural back⁃grounds, which means that their ways of showing politeness are not the same. And this kind of difference will definitely be em⁃bodied in language. Politeness principles can apply to all languages, but it may have different representations in different cultures. Recognizing these differences may help us improve intercultural communication and behave more polite in intercultural commu⁃nication.

  13. Towards a "Critical Cultural Political Economy" Account of the Globalising of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Susan L.; Dale, Roger

    2015-01-01

    This paper outlines the basis of an alternative theoretical approach to the study of the globalisation of "education"--a Critical, Cultural Political Economy of Education (CCPEE) approach. Our purpose here is to bring this body of concepts--critical, cultural, political, economy--into our interrogation of globalising projects and…

  14. Towards a "Critical Cultural Political Economy" Account of the Globalising of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Susan L.; Dale, Roger

    2015-01-01

    This paper outlines the basis of an alternative theoretical approach to the study of the globalisation of "education"--a Critical, Cultural Political Economy of Education (CCPEE) approach. Our purpose here is to bring this body of concepts--critical, cultural, political, economy--into our interrogation of globalising projects and…

  15. Mass culture in the context of democratic transformations of twentieth century

    OpenAIRE

    Танчер, В. В.; Свиридон, Т. В.

    2015-01-01

    Analysis of works devoted to mass culture allows us to identify three main groups of this phenomenon.The first group includes scientists who have negative attitudes towards mass culture. English poet T.Eliot claim that mass culture will always "substitute" culture and never reaches the high sample. Canadian theorist D.Makdonald argues that the basis of mass culture is the tendency to homogenization, it means provide all elements and phenomena some of uniformity, similarity. MacDonald points t...

  16. The Comparison of Politeness Strategies in Chinese Culture and in Eng-lish Speaking Context

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李庆龄

    2015-01-01

    In contemporary society, as the development of globalization a growing tendency of how to communication effective⁃ly between different culture and languages has becoming a matter of fact. Even though a great number of communication strate⁃gies used to reduce the culture shock, obstacles in cultural exchanges still remains due to the culture differences. Politeness theory, as an important communication strategy, is still the most important and influential theory for cross-cultural communication. While there still has a few controversial arguments being conducted. It results in the issue of this article:Is there different compar⁃ing Chinese culture with English Speaking Culture in Terms of Politeness Strategies? In this paper, I will present a general review of classic politeness theories including Brown&Levinson, Leech’s research in English speaking culture and Gu and Xu’s findings in Chinese culture. Among their theories some specific politeness strategies such as face-saving strategy, politeness principle and its maxims will be used to give an image of the difference between Chinese culture and English speaking culture in terms of po⁃liteness strategies. In the definition of‘politeness’, two characteristics are worth mentioning:universality as well as culture-specif⁃ic. Therefore the article concludes by the arguing that, in spite of a few similarities, there are differences between in Chinese cul⁃ture and in English speaking context in politeness.

  17. The msi and the role of fascism in Italian political culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferran GALLEGO

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the role of the italian social movement in Italy (MSI in the twentieth century. The key to understand its influence would lie in the peculiarities of the political regime emerged from the ruins of fascism. With the proclamation of the republic many fascists enrolled in the ranks of the christian Democrats and other parties of the right, leaving the MSI as sole heir of fascism. That did not stop working with the christian Democrats through the strategy of «inserimento». When the christian Democrats began their approach to the italian socialist Party, the MSI was clearly excluded and located in a relatively marginal position. Its later resurgence may be explained considering the radical changes in italian politics in the sixties and seventies; circumstances which favoured the arrival of Giorgio Almirante as leader of MSI in 1969. In that period, the MSI presented itself as the political party of restored order and ready to fight subversion (communist itself. During the 80s, the MSI moved between the ‘strategy-Party Protest’ leaded by Almirante and the idea of a ‘civil society Party’ defended by Rauti. In the end, the MSI, after the change of leadership of Almirante by Gianfranco Fini, began a new path which stated loyalty to the values of fascism, strengthened by the crisis of communism. This MSI new discourse eased its growth in circumstances in which the traditional parties and the Italian Republican system as a whole were practically about to collapse. Subsequently, the post-fascist Alianza Nacional emerged; a political formation which later on merged into Forza Italia, leaded by Silvio Berlusconi.

  18. Species protection, the changing informal economy, and the politics of access to the bushmeat trade in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Merode, Emmanuel; Cowlishaw, Guy

    2006-08-01

    Our understanding of the linkages between the bushmeat trade and the wider informal economy is limited. This lack of knowledge is particularly problematic for conservation under conditions of political instability, when the informal economy can be highly dynamic and impacts on wildlife populations can be severe. To explore these interlinked processes, we conducted a study of the bushmeat trade in Garamba National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo, through a combination of market surveys, semistructured interviews, and direct observation. We focused on the sale of protected and unprotected species in urban and rural markets, and the bushmeat commodity chains that supplied these markets, under conditions of political stability and armed conflict. During peacetime, protected species from the park (predominantly elephant and buffalo) rarely appeared in the rural markets, but they comprised more than half of all bushmeat sales in the urban markets. This pattern reflected differences in the rural and urban commodity chains. Automatic weapons were urban trade. The use of such weapons was discouraged by the traditional chiefs, who administered the village markets. During wartime, the sales of protected species in the urban markets increased fivefold because the military officers fled, leaving behind an open-access system that led to a massive increase in the exploitation of protected species. In contrast, the rural markets remained relatively stable because of the continued authority of the village chiefs. Our results indicate that sociopolitical factors can be an important determinant of species offtake and, therefore, that knowledge of the bushmeat commodity chain can be vital to controlling theprocesses that drive species extraction. In addition, our findings suggest that traditional authorities can be potentially valuable partners for bushmeat management.

  19. Does cultural exposure partially explain the association between personality and political orientation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xiaowen; Mar, Raymond A; Peterson, Jordan B

    2013-11-01

    Differences in political orientation are partly rooted in personality, with liberalism predicted by Openness to Experience and conservatism by Conscientiousness. Since Openness is positively associated with intellectual and creative activities, these may help shape political orientation. We examined whether exposure to cultural activities and historical knowledge mediates the relationship between personality and political orientation. Specifically, we examined the mediational role of print exposure (Study 1), film exposure (Study 2), and knowledge of American history (Study 3). Studies 1 and 2 found that print and film exposure mediated the relationships Openness to Experience and Conscientiousness have with political orientation. In Study 3, knowledge of American history mediated the relationship between Openness and political orientation, but not the association between Conscientiousness and political orientation. Exposure to culture, and a corollary of this exposure in the form of acquiring knowledge, can therefore partially explain the associations between personality and political orientation.

  20. Democratization in the Gulf Monarchies and American Civil Society

    OpenAIRE

    Azam, M. Nazrul Islam and Muhammad

    2010-01-01

    The paper deals with the efforts made by American private sector and civil society actors after 2000 to popularize democratic values and norms in the six Gulf states, namely Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. The study is focused on areas including politics, education, culture, media, human rights, and women empowerment. The paper also deals with approaches adopted, goals and objectives set and strategies devised and employed by the American NGOs regardi...

  1. The Influence of Democratic Legitimacy on Outcomes in Governance Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E-H. Klijn (Erik-Hans); J. Edelenbos (Jurian)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Drawing on different theories of democracy, this article distinguishes three dimensions of democratic legitimacy: political accountability, voice, and due deliberation. The article operationalizes each form of democratic legitimacy and then looks at how these various fo

  2. Governança global democrática, desigualdade política e a hipótese da resistência nacionalista Democratic global governance, political inequality, and the nationalist retrenchment hypothesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Será a governança global inevitável? Será possível uma governança global democrática? Aponto dois obstáculos para a existência desta: a desigualdade política e a resistência nacionalista. Enquanto a governança global já existe, uma governança global democrática é refreada por desigualdades políticas internas e entre nações. Neste contexto, a resistência nacionalista, refreamento e desvio em direção ao unilateralismo, através da qual as nações evadem-se às estratégias de governança global, também se apresenta como um desafio ao desenvolvimento democrático de instituições deste cunho. Este artigo pretende dar continuidade ao diálogo entre sociólogos e outros cientistas sociais sobre a esperança otimista pela governança global.Is global governance inevitable? Is democratic global governance likely? I point out two obstacles that lie in the path toward democratic global governance: political inequality and nationalist retrenchment. While global governance is already here, democratic global governance is held back by political inequality within and between nations. In this context, nationalist retrenchment, a stop and back-slide toward unilaterialism where nations eschew global governance strategies, also poses a challenge to the democratic development of global governance institutions. This article serves to continue the conversation among sociologists and other social scientists on the optimistic hopes for democratic global governance.

  3. Eventful democratization: why we need methodological pluralism

    OpenAIRE

    Della Porta, Donatella

    2014-01-01

    A keynote for the SCOPE 2014: Science of Politics – International Interdisciplinary Conference of Political Research that took place at the University of Bucharest, Faculty of Political Science between 27 and 29 June 2014, this article assesses at theoretical and methodological level the way in which both agency and structure are relevant in social movements, particularly in processes of eventful democratization. Eventful democratization appears as sudden and unexpected, not only to observers...

  4. Intervention in Multi-cultural Organizations -Prevention of Accidents as political change processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyhrberg, Mette Bang; Kamp, Annette; Koch, Christian

    1999-01-01

    A selective study of literature within safety culture, corporate culture and organisational theory have shown that the safety culture approach can benefit from the corporate culture approaches and organisational theory dealing with political processes. The implicit models of organisation within m...... of an organisation as a Multi-cultural Organisation. Second on change processes as political processes where the needed change have to be negotiated and reshaped....... culture approaches.The Concept of a multicultural organisation thus aims at encompassing the multitude of actor positions within an organisation with possible influence on the prevention work. A case study within industry is used to demonstrate the benefits of mobilizing these additional approaches...

  5. The Democratic Paradox. Dutch Revolutionary Struggles over Democratisation and Centralisation (1780-1813)

    OpenAIRE

    Poell, T.

    2007-01-01

    The Democratic Paradox aims to cast a new light on the Dutch Revolution (1780-1813) specifically, and political modernisation in general. The current perspectives on the Dutch Revolution mostly focus on the socio-economic, financial, and cultural backgrounds of this revolution. In contrast, this book concentrates on the revolutionary process itself. Through a close analysis of the Amsterdam political elite, it dissects the interaction between various groups of politicians, the popular revolut...

  6. THE NEED OF CONNECTING THE TECHNOLOGY, POLITICAL AND CULTURAL SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Merdzhanovska

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores the need of connecting the technology, political and cultural system in the right way to achieve the companies’ goals in terms of globalization and changes. The leaders have the main role in realizing the company’s strategy. They must be strategy focused and they are responsible for connecting the employees, processes and technologies. In the beginning of the paper, the characteristics of strategy focused leadership are analyzed. The available tools of strategy focused leadership through the model are presented. The matrix of strategy management can be used like a manual which helps the management in connecting systems with managerial instruments: mission and strategy, organization structure and management of human resources. The goal of the paper is to show that with professional approach, the strategy focused leaders play the main role in connecting and changing the existing systems in companies. This is the way of reaching the best performance of companies and surviving at the global world market.

  7. Deliberative Democracy, Active Citizenship and Critical Culture: From Aristotle’s Rhetoric to Contemporary Political Philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Arenas Dolz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to defend an adequate reading of Aristotle’s deliberative rhetoric that allows us to understand practical rationalization as a process of interpretation of human actions. After the consideration of rhetoric as a general human ability that is indispensable for political coexistence, the impact of the Aristotelian rhetorical proposal is pressed, not just as a defense of the importance of rhetoric in a democratic society, but also as a novel attempt to understand what it means to speak of practical rationality.

  8. Neoliberalism, Corporate Culture, and the Promise of Higher Education: The University as a Democratic Public Sphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giroux, Henry A.

    2002-01-01

    Addresses the corrosive effects of corporate culture on the academy and society, arguing that neoliberal discourses of privatization and commercialization reduce citizenship to self-interest. Maintains that corporate culture ignores social injustices while emphasizing unfettered market forces, threatening understanding of democracy and the meaning…

  9. The Democratic Anti-corruption from the Perspective of Political Development with Chinese Characteristics%中国特色政治发展视阈下的民主反腐

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘启春

    2014-01-01

    民主反腐是现代反腐倡廉建设的根本形式。民主政治是腐败的“天敌”,其主权在民、完善的民主监督、透明的程序以及健全的法制都发挥着制约与监督公共权力的产生、运行而发挥反腐的功能。我国的人民民主政权的性质、党的民主执政、依法执政的执政方式以及反腐倡廉建设的基本规律决定了民主反腐的进路。加快中国民主政治发展,推进民主反腐,必须继续深化政治体制改革作为实现形式,以党内民主带动人民民主作为基本路径,以依法治国作为根本保证。%Democratic anti-corruption is the basic form of fighting corruption and advocating cleanness in mod-ern countries. Democracy is the“natural enemy”of corruption,and the features of democracy such as people’s sovereignty,perfect democratic supervision,transparent procedure and complete legal system,all facilitate anti-corruption based on functions of constraining the generation and running of public power. The nature of people’ s democratic regime of our country,the ways of the Party’s democratic and law-based governance,and the bas-ic laws of fighting corruption have decided the approaches to democratic anti-corruption. To accelerate the de-velopment of political politics and boost the democratic anti-corruption in China,we must take the deepening of the reform of political system as the form of actualization,the intra-party democracy’s driving the all-the-people democracy as the basic approach,and rule by law as the radical guarantee.

  10. A Comparative Study of Politeness Principle in Chinese and English Lan-guage and Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙康

    2014-01-01

    Politeness is the badge of human civilization, and a significant criterion to human society activity;politeness, as a social phenomenon, is the imperative tool and method to maintain human relation in perfect harmony;politeness is a kind of social con-ventions, it lays certain restraints on all the social members. From ancient to modern times, either in East or West, people always attach great importance to politeness. To save face of the speaker or the hearer, politeness is of considerable practical significance in the conversation. As a matter of fact, its value can never be underestimated. However, due to different historical, lingual and cultural backgrounds, different societies may have different criteria to politeness. And this leads to some problems such as misun-derstandings and embarrassments in cross-cultural or intercultural communication. In order to solve these problems, many schol-ars and linguists at home and abroad have proposed different principles of politeness so far. The author aims to make a comparative study on politeness principles between Chinese and English language and cultures. Analyzing the differences can help to remove the communicative barrier encountered by people who come from different countries with different cultural backgrounds and ef-fectively promote further mutual understanding and cross-cultural communication.

  11. Anger and Political Culture: A Time for Outrage!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the role of political anger in democracy. It reviews the work of Stephane Hessel before examining the role and reception of anger in classical and modern thought. The author identifies two main traditions within which the concept of political anger can be located: revolutionary violence of the Marxist tradition and the…

  12. [The career of the psychiatrist Dietfried Müller-Hegemann (1910-1989) : Example of a politically motivated rise and fall in the German Democratic Republic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, H

    2017-01-12

    Dietfried Müller-Hegemann was one of the prominent figures in East German psychiatry and psychotherapy of the 1950s and 1960s. Having been a communist prior to 1933, a resistance fighter during the National Socialist regime and having gone through political training during his exile in Soviet Russia, he proved to be a committed member of the new ruling SED socialist party in Eastern Germany. As such both governmental and party organs regarded him as a promising and reliable party member to be supported and implemented as executive staff within the new, socialist scientific system. Also, due to the fact that he supported the Pavlovian school of thought for modern psychiatry, Müller-Hegemann was installed as the new head of the Department of Neurology and Psychiatry at Leipzig University by the state secretary for higher education, notably against the clear opposition of the university medical faculty. Soon thereafter however Müller-Hegemann fell from favor due to the fact that he supported views that did not follow the strict ideological guidelines, e. g. with regard to the emergence of fascism. Moreover, he strongly opposed the separation of neurology from psychiatry as ruled by the ministry. An attempt in 1963 by junior party members and ministerial staff to remove him from office failed, but still managed to make Müller-Hegemann resign from his Leipzig post and take over that of director of the Griesinger hospital for the mentally ill in East Berlin. In May 1971, after new conflicts with party officials, he did not return from a business trip to Essen in West Germany. This study does not review the scientific and medical merits of Müller-Hegemann, but concentrates on how his career as a leading psychiatrist was manipulated, both supported and sabotaged, and ideologically controlled by the German Democratic Republic (GDR) system. His development is documented proof that party officials did not tolerate opposition, neither in ideological nor in

  13. The Disciplines of Political Science: Studying the Culture of Rational Choice as a Case in Point.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lustick, Ian S.

    1997-01-01

    Extrapolates some of the basic epistemological and philosophical arguments of area studies supporters and their detractors within political science. Discusses a possible study of traditional political science "culture" by the area studies proponents. Concludes with a call for both disciplines to work together. (MJP)

  14. Contrastive analysis of politeness between Chinese and western in cross-cultural communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪荟瑾

    2016-01-01

    This paper is a contrastive study on politeness principles and politeness strategies between western and Chinese which plays an important role in establishing and maintaining social harmony. This thesis aims to discuss the cultural differences between western and Chinese which will enhance our intercultural awareness and communicative competence.

  15. The Relationship between Islam and Democracy in Turkey: Employing Political Culture as an Indicator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toros, Emre

    2010-01-01

    During the last decade the agenda of local and global politics is heavily marked by the encounter of two powerful currents, namely democracy and political Islam. On the one hand Islam as a religion itself is facing a cultural dialectic between a modern and an authentic form, producing a synthesis which is only to be criticized again by a new…

  16. Deaf Culture and the Cochlear Implant Debate: Cyborg Politics and the Identity of People with Disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherney, James L.

    1999-01-01

    Examines the potential benefits and limitations of cyborg politics. Explores depictions of cyborgs in science fiction stories and examines the deaf culture's arguments in the cochlear-implant debate. Investigates the current viability of cyborg politics as a mode of advocacy for people with disabilities. (SC)

  17. A Comparative Study of Comparative and Politeness Principles between Chinese and English Cultures(Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席晓

    2008-01-01

    This paper shows that people lay special emphasis on difference aspects of"Comparative principle"or"politeness principle"in the light of their own culture in cross-culture communication.And it analyses what the differences of PP in the language using in Pragmatic are,and why?It deals with the differences between English and Chinese cultures.

  18. A Comparative Study of Politeness Principles Between Chinese and English Cultures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Xi

    2008-01-01

    This paper shows that people lay special emphasis on differenee aspects of "cooperative principle" or "politeness principle" in thelight of their own culture in cross-culture communication. And it analyses what the differences of PP in the language using in Pragmatic are, and why?It deals with the differences between English and Chinese cultures.

  19. The Thrust of Demand: Literary Writing and Cultural Democratization in Argentina, 1900-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraldine Rogers

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on ordinary people’s interest in writing and publishing their texts during the first decades of the twentieth century in Argentina. In that period, the demand for participation and self-representation through literary writing founded an auspicious ground in newspapers and magazines “for the people”, which had sections devoted to publishing or commenting on the works of readers. This article focuses on the emerging aspirations of a broad readership that was willing to exercise a right tothe word, the way in which these demands found a place to be expressed, and how they were read and processed in different areas of the cultural field: the cultural market, left-wing culture and professional writers.

  20. A Politically Liberal Conception of Formal Education in a Developing Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çelik, Rasit

    2016-01-01

    As discussed by John Rawls, in a well-ordered society, a public political culture's wide educational role bears the primary responsibility for developing reasonable individuals for the stability of a politically liberal society. Rawlsian scholars have also focused on the stability and enhancement of developed liberal democratic societies by means…

  1. A Politically Liberal Conception of Formal Education in a Developing Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çelik, Rasit

    2016-01-01

    As discussed by John Rawls, in a well-ordered society, a public political culture's wide educational role bears the primary responsibility for developing reasonable individuals for the stability of a politically liberal society. Rawlsian scholars have also focused on the stability and enhancement of developed liberal democratic societies by means…

  2. The cultural politics of colorblind TV casting, by Kristen J. Warner [book review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambi Haggins

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Review of Kristen Warner, The Cultural Politics of Colorblind TV Casting. New York: Routledge, 2015, hardcover $140 (170p ISBN 978-1138018303, e-book $54.95 (748 KB ASIN B00YY64066.

  3. Inclusive, Democratic Family-Professional Partnerships: (Re)Conceptualizing Culture and Language in Teacher Preparation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beneke, Margaret R.; Cheatham, Gregory A.

    2016-01-01

    Family-professional partnerships are vital to the provision of appropriate and effective special education services for young children. Despite the recognized need, teacher educators in early childhood and early childhood special education have faced challenges in preparing their students to partner with families from diverse cultural and…

  4. Cultural Diversity in the News Media: A Democratic or a Commercial Need?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I. Awad Cherit (Isabel)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThis paper distinguishes between laissez-faire and interventionist models used to justify and implement cultural diversity initiatives in the news media. The laissez-faire model is characteristic of U.S journalism. However, due to the convergence of media systems and the widespread adopt

  5. Living in the Age of Imposed Amnesia: The Eclipse of Democratic Formative Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giroux, Henry A.

    2011-01-01

    This article argues that under neoliberal casino capitalism there has been a wholesale attack not only on the social state but also on those public spheres that enable the formative cultures necessary to produce critical agents, engaged subjects, and the literacies necessary to make power and authority accountable. In this instance, the struggle…

  6. A Survey on Power and Political Culture in Kalile va Demne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Dehghanian

    2011-04-01

    Postmodernist thinkers, especially Michel Foucault, make it clear that power and political culture are so complicated and affect private and social life. It is possible to claim that there is a meaningful relationship between people’s deed and power in each society. In this article, we take a look at political culture and power in Kalile va Demne and will analyze its effects on people’s thoughts and deeds.

  7. The Paraguayan democratization process: advances and opposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel UHARTE POZAS

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the new conceptions of democracy in Latin America, this work attempts to evaluate the democratization process that is taking place in Paraguay, as a consequence of the historical defeat suffered by the Colorado Party in the presidential elections of 2008. The analysis identifies the reasons for the triumph of the heterogeneous coalition lead by ex-bishop Fernando Lugo and evaluates three aspects of the process: political democratization, social democratization and mass participation.

  8. Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the State?: National machineries

    OpenAIRE

    Rai, Shirin M

    2003-01-01

    Democratization has become an important concept in the last ten years. With the end of the Cold War, the spread of globalization, and the extension of economic regulatory regimes, democratization has come to be seen as important to securing long-term political stability. Much has been written about democratization and gender in works on human rights, citizenship, women's movements and challenges to authoritarian regimes. This book, published in association with the United Nations, builds on t...

  9. Mediation in political conflicts – Soft power or counter culture?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This book is essential reading for mediators employing alternative, non- conventional ... Realist, Western-biased, state-centred politics of a bygone age. He sets out .... constructivist, pluralist school of international relations theory. Unlike their.

  10. Learning Democratic Global Governance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haavelsrud, Magnus

    1996-01-01

    Outlines a model process of developing knowledge from within different groups and cultures to allow more equitable participation of all world societies in the definition of global governance. Reviews concepts relevant to education's contributions toward learning and creating democratic global governance. Discusses the educational utility of…

  11. Democratic Group Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laursen, Erik K.; Tate, Thomas F.

    2012-01-01

    For a century, democratic values have called for abandoning coercive approaches and teaching children and youth to be responsible citizens. The authors explore strategies for creating respectful environments and positive group cultures with challenging youth. They offer suggestions to adult group facilitators to support youth in developing…

  12. The Democratization of Knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adult Education Quarterly, 1993

    1993-01-01

    Although adult education is committed to democratic values, its knowledge base reproduces the structures and values of larger academic culture, which excludes many. Although the field speaks of empowerment for others, it has yet to realize such empowerment for itself. (Author/SK)

  13. Why Voice Matters: Culture and Politics After Neoliberalism

    OpenAIRE

    Couldry, Nick

    2010-01-01

    For more than thirty years neoliberalism has declared that market functioning trumps all other social, political and economic values. In this book, Nick Couldry passionately argues for voice, the effective opportunity for people to speak and be heard on what affects their lives, as the only value that can truly challenge neoliberal politics. But having voice is not enough: we need to know our voice matters. Insisting that the answer goes much deeper than simply calling for 'more voices', whet...

  14. La corrupción política en México: del pasado a la transición democrática (The political corruption in Mexico: from the past to the democratic transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nubia Nieto

    2013-01-01

    guides this work supposes that the PAN reproduced during its ruling similar corruptive practices that the PRI used to apply. The text is developed in four parts. Firstly, it is presented as a brief historical overview of the influence of corruption. Secondly, it is examines the role of corruption during the rule of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI. Thirdly, it is describes the transformation of the patterns of corruption, and finally, it studies the persistence of corruption in the governments of the democratic transition represented by the PAN party. The article contributes an array of elements in order to study the corruption in Mexico from a perspective of socio-political and historical, which describes the development of corruption in Mexico as a widely complex phenomenon, interacting cultural and economical factors, as well as social, juridical and political structures, and conjunctures critical that allows more or less visibility to the phenomenon of corruption.

  15. Transformation of conceptual basis of political science under cultural and historical context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. S. Tokovenko

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper is submitted to a scientific discussion the possibility of considering the idea of political science, based on the criteria of intellectual integrity and disciplinary unity. In this context, generally accepted among professionals and political scientists idea that political science as a scientific discipline occurs in the early twentieth century and its conceptual framework is still in a state of development, and a long preceding period should be characterized as a period of political thought is being challenged. The main idea that is being proved is recognition the existence of such scientific discipline as political science requires recognition of the existence of specific inherent ideals of science, cognitive standards, rules, procedures, explanations, etc. They allow political thinkers from the ancient world as well as modern researchers to combine it into a single, unique, different from others in their methodological principles and heuristic potential Science. It is convinced that the existence of intellectual integrity and disciplinary unity in Political Science is possible due to the existence of the ideals of scholarship, which are closely related to the cultural and historical context in which Political Science is being developed. The possibility of applying such disciplinary and integrated approach is considered as an example of the impact that was made by changes of the Great French Revolution and its consequences on transformation of the conceptual framework of Political Science.  It is concluded that the consideration of the peculiarities of political thought development in the social and cultural contexts related to the events of the Great French Revolution and its consequences argues that political science is responsive to changing the social context, makes changes in categorical apparatus, introduces the new field of scientific inquiry, actualized subject field. These actions are due to the specific disciplinary unity

  16. Politics of the Periphery: An Introduction to Subnational Authoritarianism and Democratization in Latin America Política de la periferia. Una introducción a autoritarismo y democratización subnacional en América Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward L. Gibson

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is an introduction to the topic featured in JPLA 2/2010 "Subnational Authoritarianism and Democratization in Latin America." It discusses the papers by Carlos Gervasoni, Agustina Giraudy, Julián Durazo Herrmann, Alfred P. Montero, and Tracy Beck Fenwick that follow in this issue. Why feature the topic “subnational authoritarianism and democratization” in the Journal of Politics in Latin America? Because despite widespread agreement that subnational jurisdictions in Latin America vary considerably in the democratic character of their politics, political scientists are still largely in the dark about how to conceptualize and measure this situation, and have scant knowledge about mechanisms that sustain and undermine it. This collection of articles makes major headway toward clearing our methodological and theoretical ignorance of these topics. El artículo es una introducción al tema especial de JPLA 2/2010 "autoritarismo y democratización subnacional en América Latina". Discute las contribuciones de Carlos Gervasoni, Agustina Giraudy, Julián Durazo Herrmann, Alfred P. Montero y Tracy Beck Fenwick que estan unidas en esta edición. ¿Porqué presentar el tema “autoritarismo y democratización subnacional” en el Journal of Politics in Latin America? Porque a pesar del acuerdo general que en América Latina las jurisdicciones subnacionales varian considerablementes  en el carácter democrático de su política, la mayoría de politólogos todavía esta insegura como conceptualizar y medir ésta situación, y tiene poco conocimiento de los mecanismos que la mantienen o subvierten. Esta colección de artículos ofrece aproximaciones metodológicas y teóricas al tema.

  17. The Sexuality Curriculum and Youth Culture. Counterpoints, Volume 392

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Dennis, Ed.; Roseboro, Donyell L., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    The book aims to change the conversation about sexuality education for adolescents, making it consistent with a democratic cultural politics that is attuned to changes in youth and popular culture. Traditional sex education is nearly obsolete; sexuality curriculum is now primarily learned through popular culture and youth culture, which teach…

  18. The Sexuality Curriculum and Youth Culture. Counterpoints, Volume 392

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Dennis, Ed.; Roseboro, Donyell L., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    The book aims to change the conversation about sexuality education for adolescents, making it consistent with a democratic cultural politics that is attuned to changes in youth and popular culture. Traditional sex education is nearly obsolete; sexuality curriculum is now primarily learned through popular culture and youth culture, which teach…

  19. Reunification, democratization and education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jee-Hun

    1990-06-01

    The division of the nation into two separate political entities and the later development of dependent capitalism in South Korea have created two important eductional tasks, to do with reunification and democratization. Reunification requires liberation from the influence of foreign powers involved in the national partition and the development of dependent capitalism. Reunification-oriented education emphasizes understanding foreign influences in every sphere of the people's life, understanding the true realities of the two Koreas which have developed in different ways, and overcoming anti-communist ideological obfuscation. Democratization implies the enhancement of people's participation in the exercise and control of political and economic power at every level. For this purpose people need to be educated to participate in order to prevent the abuse of highly centralized power. United and collective action by teachers is required to protect schools from the state monopoly in education and to maintain the integrity and independence of a teaching profession so that pupils can learn and practise democratic values at school.

  20. La democracia mexicana, presa de una cultura política con rasgos autoritarios Mexican Democracy, Overcome by a Political Culture with Authoritarian Features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Aidé Hernández

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A pesar de las transformaciones políticas que han ocurrido en México durante los últimos 20 años, la cultura política del mexicano ha dejado ver pocos avances. Actualmente siguen predominando características que no fomentan una participación autónoma y propositiva que ayude al éxito de la democracia. Entre ellas destacan el conocimiento e interés por la política; la confianza interpersonal, en las instituciones y en la democracia; la tolerancia; y la competencia subjetiva. Este panorama propicia que sigan prevaleciendo rasgos autoritarios como el clientelismo y el corporativismo, los cuales no fortalecen la democracia. Los pequeños cambios culturales se han dado en el ámbito electoral, donde no sólo hay una gran aceptación a la pluralidad y competencia entre los partidos políticos: ahora los ciudadanos consideran el voto ya no como un derecho sino como un arma política.In spite of the political transformations occurred in Mexico during the last 20 years, the Mexican citizen's political culture has shown few improvements, since certain characteristics keep on prevailing and do not encourage an autonomous participation contribuing to the success of the democratic process. Some of the most relevant advances for such process are knowledge and interest in politics; confidence in the interpersonal relationships, in institutions and in democracy; tolerance; and subjective competence. Their absence favours the prevalence of authoritarian features as clientelism and corporativism. Small cultural changes have taken place in the electoral domain though, where there is a great acceptance of plurality and competition among the political parties and citizens consider suffrage not as a right but as a political weapon.

  1. Political Transmigrants: Rethinking Hmong Political Activism in America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nengher N. Vang, Ph.D

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Since the initial resettlement of the Hmong in the United States in the mid-1970s, they have maintained strong political and military relationships with the Lao People‘s Democratic Republic (LPDR. Yet, there is little research on that relationship and the involvement of the Hmong in the United States in political developments in Laos. Most works on Hmong political activism have focused on the electoral participation and representation of Hmong Americans in relation to American domestic politics. In this article, using archival, ethnographic, and interview data that I have collected between 2006 and 2009 in Laos, Thailand, and the United States, I describe and analyze the non-domestic or transnational form of Hmong American political expression and participation. I argue that Hmong political activism in America not only was transnational from the outset, but that their transnational involvement in political developments in Laos and their relations with the Lao PDR government also had a significant impact on their ethnic politics. Many Hmong political activists made their entry into ethnic politics through the door of transnational politics, and many were motivated by transnational political issues to participate in domestic American politics. By exploring their transnational involvement in political developments in Laos and their relations with the Lao PDR government, we get a more complete and dynamic understanding of Hmong political activism in the United States than is possible by focusing exclusively on domestic and electoral participation. Examining their transnational politics also allows us to see the transnationality of not only their culture, identity, and community but also that of their political activities and aspirations.

  2. Rethinking democracy and representation: a proposal to extend the democratic canon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Monsiváis Carrillo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Rethinking political representation is necessary to understand many contemporary democratic challenges. However, a widely accepted view states that democracy and representation are two irreconcilable principles, thus hindering the theoretical assessment of political representation's democratic relevance. According to this view, what democracy needs is more popular participation; instead, representation involves elitism and political detachment. In this paper I will argue that such a view is inaccurate. Through the reconstruction of the democratic ideal, and the discussion of the concept of political representation, I intend to show that processes of political authorization, accountability and public justification are both elements of political representation and expression of democratic politics.

  3. Cultural Flashpoint: The Politics of Teacher Education Reform in Ireland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conway, Paul F.

    2013-01-01

    The publication of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2009 (Cosgrove et al., 2010; Perkins et al., 2010) reading literacy results heralded a crisis of confidence in educational standards in Ireland. This article examines the national and international context of teacher education reform and the politics of the policy…

  4. Cultural Politics in Revolution: Teachers, Peasants, and Schools in Mexico, 1930-1940.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughan, Mary Kay

    In the 1930s, Mexican rural schools became arenas for cultural politics--the process of articulating and disputing definitions of culture, from national identity to the broader sense of social behavior and meaning. Created in 1921, the Secretaria de Educacion Publica (SEP) set up federal rural schools to nationalize and modernize rural peasants.…

  5. Learning Tolerance: The Impact of Comparative Politics Courses on Levels of Cultural Sensitivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, D. Christopher

    2005-01-01

    In addition to exposing students to basic concepts, theories, and ideas, teachers of comparative politics often claim to foster and promote values of tolerance and cultural sensitivity through exposure to the histories, cultures, and societies of cases from around the world. This claim, however, has been largely speculative and unsupported by any…

  6. Who's Afraid of Sex at School? The Politics of Researching Culture, Religion and Sexuality at School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Louisa; Rasmussen, Mary Lou; Quinlivan, Kathleen; Aspin, Clive; Sanjakdar, Fida; Brömdal, Annette

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the methodological politics of researching at the intersections of sexuality, culture and religion in secondary schools. It draws on experiences during a project concerned with how to address cultural and religious diversity in sexuality education in Australia and New Zealand. The paper focuses on two methodological sticking…

  7. Cultural Politics in Revolution: Teachers, Peasants, and Schools in Mexico, 1930-1940.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughan, Mary Kay

    In the 1930s, Mexican rural schools became arenas for cultural politics--the process of articulating and disputing definitions of culture, from national identity to the broader sense of social behavior and meaning. Created in 1921, the Secretaria de Educacion Publica (SEP) set up federal rural schools to nationalize and modernize rural peasants.…

  8. Cultural Differences In Politeness Principle Between China and English-speaking Countries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蕾

    2009-01-01

    Therw are many cultural differences in China and English-speaking Countries.They will cause communication problems if you don't know them.This paper states one of thenr-the differences in politeness principle.And it helps people communicate properly when you are in different cultural background.

  9. Who's Afraid of Sex at School? The Politics of Researching Culture, Religion and Sexuality at School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Louisa; Rasmussen, Mary Lou; Quinlivan, Kathleen; Aspin, Clive; Sanjakdar, Fida; Brömdal, Annette

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the methodological politics of researching at the intersections of sexuality, culture and religion in secondary schools. It draws on experiences during a project concerned with how to address cultural and religious diversity in sexuality education in Australia and New Zealand. The paper focuses on two methodological sticking…

  10. Democratic values, emotions and emotivism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vranić Bojan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to explore the relation between democratic values and emotions. The author argues that democratic values and emotional judgments are inter-reducible: political agents use emotional judgments to reflexively evaluate normative paradigms of political life. In the first part of the paper, the author describes the state of emotions in contemporary political philosophy and identifies Charles Stevenson’s ethical conception of emotivism as the first comprehensive attempt to neutrally conceptualize emotions in moral and political thinking. The second part of the paper explores the shortcomings of emotivism and finds an adequate alternative in Martha Nussbaum’s concept of emotional judgment as the one that contains beliefs and values about social objects. In the final part of the paper, the author identifies that moral and political disagreements emerge in democracies from ranking of the importance of political objects. The evaluation criteria for this type of ranking is derived from democratic values which are reducible to agents’ emotional judgments. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179076

  11. Politeness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henri Bergson

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This is the English translation of a speech Bergson made at Lycée Henri-IV on July 30, 1892. This is an interesting text because it anticipates Bergson’s last book, his The Two Sources of Morality and Religion. Like the distinction in The Two Sources between the open and the closed, “Politeness” defines its subject matter in two ways. There is what Bergson calls “manners” and there is true politeness. For Bergson, both kinds of politeness concern equality. Manners or material politeness amount to the ritualized greetings and formalities by means of which we usually define politeness. Unfortunately and like The Two Sources, Bergson attributes this formalized relation to other human beings with primitive and “inferior races.” Nevertheless, Bergson sees in these formalities an attempt, in the name of equality, to ignore other people’s talents and merits so that one can dominate morally superior people. In contrast, true politeness or “spiritual politeness” consists in “intellectual flexibility.” When one meets a person of superior morality, one is flexible in one’s relation to him or her; one abandons the formalities in order to really live her life and think her thoughts. Here we find equality too: “what defines this very polite person is to prefer each of his friends over the others, and to succeed in this way in loving them equally.” After making a comparison to dance, Bergson defines spiritual politeness as “a grace of the mind.” Since both kinds of politeness concern equality, Bergson associates both with justice. However, beyond these two kinds of politeness and justice there is “politeness of the heart,” which concerns charity. In order to indicate politeness of the heart, Bergson describes the kind of person, a sensitive person, who anxiously awaits a word of praise in order to feel good about herself but who also, when she hears a word of reproach, is thrown into sadness. Although Bergson calls the

  12. Intervention in Multi-cultural Organizatioons - Prevention of accidents as political change processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyhrberg, Mette Bang

    1999-01-01

    workplaces and the contribution communicates ongoing work with such a method, including political, cultural and structural elements. A selective study of literature within safety culture, corporate culture and organisational theory has shown that the safety culture approach can benefit from...... the organisational culture approaches of Alvesson and Geertz and organisational theory dealing with political processes (Pettigrew, Knights). The implicit models of organisation and man within mainstream safety culture approaches seems to be too rationalistic compared with day to day life of organisations....... The concept of a multicultural organisation thus aims at encompassing the multitude of actor positions within an organisation with a possible influence on the preventive work. The planning of the intervention is furthermore not made once in the beginning but should rather be anticipated as an ongoing...

  13. The Exploration of Differences on Politeness Between Western and Western and Chinese Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祖洁

    2008-01-01

    This paper discisses the cultural diffefences on politeness between western and Chinese by means of contrast.in-dicating that due to different culmral background,historic background,traditional customs and so on.there are many differ-ences on politeness in daily communication Today.etiquette becomes the reflection and manifestation of one country's poll-tics,economy,culture in people's social contact.And it includes the principal and moral that people should obey in daily life.So it is important for us to legrn western culture.This paper also will discuss how to leam wcsrtem culture.There are many ways for learning western culture.Therefore.It is practically useful to know and study the differences.thus promoting the cultural communication.

  14. Intervention in Multi-cultural Organizatioons - Prevention of accidents as political change processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyhrberg, Mette Bang

    1999-01-01

    workplaces and the contribution communicates ongoing work with such a method, including political, cultural and structural elements. A selective study of literature within safety culture, corporate culture and organisational theory has shown that the safety culture approach can benefit from...... the organisational culture approaches of Alvesson and Geertz and organisational theory dealing with political processes (Pettigrew, Knights). The implicit models of organisation and man within mainstream safety culture approaches seems to be too rationalistic compared with day to day life of organisations....... The concept of a multicultural organisation thus aims at encompassing the multitude of actor positions within an organisation with a possible influence on the preventive work. The planning of the intervention is furthermore not made once in the beginning but should rather be anticipated as an ongoing...

  15. Cultural politics and discourse construction of regional identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Ignacio Campos Winter

    2016-07-01

    institutions and the construction of Rivers Region cultural identity. In this context, it was identified the problem of the tension between the self-construction of the Cultural Policy 2011-2016 (hereinafter PC as a state policy foreign to the ideologies of the successive governments and the position of various authors who argue that the PC it would be informed by a neoliberal ideology which promote certain cultural identities at the expense of others. Taking as a case study the Cultural Policy of the Rivers Region 2011 - 2016 (hereinafter PCRR and using as a theoretical approach the socialconstructionism and methodological discursive psychology, the objective was to analyse the discursive elaboration of PCRR and interpret their function of subjectivation of the many cultural subjectivities that constitute the cultural identity of the Rivers Region. The analysis of the results confirmed that the PCRR would inequitably promoting cultural identities through strengthening foreign subjectivities and undermining local subjectivities. It concludes that the cultural institutions would discursively managing inequivalent sites of enunciation between individuals and groups invested with the diverse cultural subjectivities that constitute the regional and national cultural identities.

  16. El discurso político de Manuel Fraga durante la Transición. Aplicaciones metodológicas / The political discourse of Manuel Fraga in the process of Democratic Transition. Methodological applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Pantoja Chaves

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Para finalizar con esta serie de artículos sobre el análisis de los discursos de los líderes más importantes del proceso de Transición democrática en España, en esta entrega nos centramos en la figura política de Manuel Fraga Iribarne. Su trayectoria estuvo marcada por una activa participación institucional durante los últimos años del régimen de Franco, reconducida hacia una realidad política y social consensuada por los principios democráticos.Summary: To end this series of articles on the analysis of the speeches of the most important leaders of the democratic transition process in Spain, in this issue we focus on the political figure of Manuel Fraga Iribarne. His career was marked by active institutional participation over the last years of the Franco regime, redirected towards a political and social consensus for democratic principles.

  17. Improving democratic governance through institutional design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torfing, Jacob; Skelcher, Chris

    2010-01-01

    In this article we provide a conceptual and argumentative framework for studying how institutional design can enhance civic participation and ultimately increase citizens' sense of democratic ownership of governmental processes. First, we set out the socio-political context for enhancing the demo......In this article we provide a conceptual and argumentative framework for studying how institutional design can enhance civic participation and ultimately increase citizens' sense of democratic ownership of governmental processes. First, we set out the socio-political context for enhancing...... the democratic governance of regulatory policies in Europe, and highlight the way in which civic participation and democratic ownership is given equal weight to economic competitiveness. We then discuss the potential for institutionalized participatory governance to develop and its prospects for improving...... effective and democratic governance in the multi-layered European polity. We conclude by outlining a research agenda for the field and identifying the priorities for scholars working interactively with civil society and governments....

  18. A controversial idea as a cultural resource: The Lysenko controversy and discussions of genetics as a 'democratic' science in postwar Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iida, Kaori

    2015-08-01

    The Japanese discussion of the theory of Soviet agronomist Trofim D. Lysenko began in the postwar years under the American occupation. Leftists introduced Lysenko's theory immediately after the war as part of a postwar scientists' movement. Unlike many American geneticists, who sharply criticized the theory, Japanese geneticists initially participated in the discussion in an even-handed way; their scientific interests in the roles of cytoplasm and the environment in heredity shaped their initial sympathetic reaction. As the Cold War divide deepened, however, Japanese scientists began expressing sharp anti-Lysenko criticisms that resembled the American criticisms. Interestingly, throughout the period, Japanese geneticists' overall aim in the discussion remained largely unchanged: to effectively reconstruct their discipline and maintain its proper image and authority. However, the shift in their reaction occurred due to an evolving sociopolitical context, especially the shift in the meaning of 'democratic' science from a science that employed democratic processes to a science of a liberal-democratic state. Regarding Lysenko's idea as a cultural resource could help to explain how and why it was treated differently in different places, and why a controversy emerged in certain contexts but not in others.

  19. Dutch Culture Wars : On the politics of gutting the arts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oudenampsen, M.; Kastner, Jens; Birkenstock, Eva; Hinderer Cruz, Max Jorge

    “No one is safe.” With these words Halbe Zijlstra, the State Secretary of Education, Culture and Science, announced the slashing of the cultural budget on the Dutch national news in December 2010. Whereas cutbacks are generally accompanied by at least the pretension of reluctance or regret, Zijlstra

  20. The Business of Politics Commerce, and Culture in East Asia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    2016-01-01

    Review of: "Cultural Policies in East Asia: Dynamics Between the State, Arts and Creative Industries". Edited by Hye-Kyung Lee and Lorraine Lim. Basingstoke: Palgrave, Macmillan, 2014. 229 pp.......Review of: "Cultural Policies in East Asia: Dynamics Between the State, Arts and Creative Industries". Edited by Hye-Kyung Lee and Lorraine Lim. Basingstoke: Palgrave, Macmillan, 2014. 229 pp....

  1. Dutch Culture Wars : On the politics of gutting the arts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oudenampsen, M.; Kastner, Jens; Birkenstock, Eva; Hinderer Cruz, Max Jorge

    2014-01-01

    “No one is safe.” With these words Halbe Zijlstra, the State Secretary of Education, Culture and Science, announced the slashing of the cultural budget on the Dutch national news in December 2010. Whereas cutbacks are generally accompanied by at least the pretension of reluctance or regret, Zijlstra

  2. Democratic Theory and the Challenge of Linguistic Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Language Policy, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This essay explores the relationship between democratic political theory and the reality of linguistic diversity in contemporary political communities. After suggesting a distinction between "liberal" and "participatory" democratic theories, and asserting that there have been fruitful explorations of linguistic diversity in…

  3. Democratic Theory and the Challenge of Linguistic Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Language Policy, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This essay explores the relationship between democratic political theory and the reality of linguistic diversity in contemporary political communities. After suggesting a distinction between "liberal" and "participatory" democratic theories, and asserting that there have been fruitful explorations of linguistic diversity in…

  4. Homegrown Democracy, Homegrown Democrats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norman K. Denzin

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Written on the eve of the 2004 American presidential election, this political narrative offers a critical reading of two models of democracy: Instant-Mix imperial democracy (bring to a boil, add oil, then bomb, criticized by Arundhati Roy, and Garrison Keillor’s Homegrown Democrat. Keillor’s pastoral view of democracy is anchored in LakeWobegon, his imaginary utopian community. His homegrown democracy is narrow, provincial, and White. The author concludes that he must look elsewhere for his alternative view of democracy.

  5. Civil Service Reforms in Thailand: Political Control and Corruption.

    OpenAIRE

    Prijono Tjiptoherijanto

    2012-01-01

    After the 1973 student demonstration marked a changing in Thai political history. The principle of Weberian bureaucracy such as political neutrality becomes the legal framework of the Civil Service under democratic environment. However, given the cultural values and their impact on the bureaucracy, any serious change must came from the top leadership.Another characteristic of the Thai's civil service is corruption practices. The close personal connections between politician, civil service, an...

  6. Culturas políticas locales: Alcaldes y nueva cultura política en perspectiva comparada Local political cultures: Comparing Mayors and New Political Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CLEMENTE J NAVARRO

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Uno aspecto central de la gobernabilidad en el ámbito local es el relacionado con el estilo de liderazgo político. Éste, en buena medida, refleja la cultura política característica de las sociedades políticas locales en las que se ejerce como reglas-en-uso de los procesos y dinámicas socio-políticos que tienen lugar en ellas. En este marco, cabe señalar la aparición de una 'Nueva Cultura Política' como estilo de liderazgo diferente al clásico de 'Política de Clases', tanto por las preferencias de actuación como por las pautas de interacción con la sociedad civil. Esta nueva orientación surge ligada a patrones de cambio social y cultural, así como determinados diseños institucionales. Mediante el uso de la información que proporciona el proyecto internacional Fiscal Austerity and Urban Innovation se operacionalizará la Nueva Cultura Política, tratando de dar cuenta de los factores que puedan dar cuenta de su extensión entre alcaldes (municipios de varios países de Europa, Norteamérica y Latinoamérica.Political leadership style is one of the most important traits of local governance. This used to show the character of local political societies as rules-in-use of socio-political processes and dynamics. In this framework, the 'New Political Culture' (NPC is a new leadership style against the classical 'Class Politics' showing different policy preferences and different interaction patters with civil society. Socio-economic and cultural change, as well as institutional factors, are driving the growing and spread of the NPC among local political actors. Using surveys from the Fiscal Austerity and Urban Innovation Project, this article tries to show the presence of the NPC among mayors in European, North American and Latin American countries. The comparison among them could show the importance of socio-economic, cultural and institutional factors explaining the spread of the NPC.

  7. The culture of violence and the scramble for political power in Oyo State, Nigeria (1999-2006)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kehinde, A.B

    2009-01-01

    ... have contributed to acrimonious politics in Nigeria. The case study of Oyo state was used in this research work because it is reflective of the role played by political violence, especially with the use of primordial political culture as a tool...

  8. The Reflection of the Javanese Cultural Concepts in the Politeness of Javanese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukarno Sukarno

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Every language may have some entities which may not be owned by another language. The uniqueness of a language is strongly influenced by the culture of its native speakers. Therefore, languages vary cross-culturally. I strongly believe that the way the Javanese people (one of the Indonesian ethnic groups express politeness is also influenced by the Javanese culture. This article tries to examine the reflection of some concepts of Javanese cultures such as: tata krama, andhap-asor, and tanggap ing sasmita (the language styles, humbling oneself while exalting others, and being able to catch the hidden meaning. The approaches used in this study are based on politeness theory, e.g. Brown and Levinson (1987, Leech (1983, Grice (1975, 1981, and Lakoff (1973, 1990. Finally, this study proves that the forms and the politeness strategies used in Javanese are really bound by the Javanese concepts. As a result, it is almost impossible to conduct politeness in Javanese without comprehending and applying those cultural concepts.

  9. Style and Architecture in a Democratic Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain de Bleeckere

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with research on structural relations between architectural education andcultural and human sciences. The paper addresses two major premises. Firstly the cultural role that architecture can play in the shaping of the ongoing process of democratisation of the global society. Derived here of is thesecond one: “What are the implications for our currentarchitectural education?” The argument develops over three stages.The first one concerns a subject in the field of cultural history, stating that, historically, architecture was commonly an expression of the ruling powers. The first paradigm is that of the earliest modern democracy, the USA. Its initial architectural expression was inspired by Thomas Jefferson who adapted the language of the classical order. The neoclassical style became the canon for the new state buildings: the capitols and the courthouses. This paradigm shows a contradiction and failure to project concepts of democracy and revolution into architecture. The second paradigm comes from the modern architectural movement of the interbellum period. It was inspired by revolutionary ideas of radical socialism and equal right movement, proclaimed and empowered by the USSR. This paradigm again shows — albeit of another nature — the failure to express the modern concept of democracy into an adequate architectural form. Both paradigms learn how astylistic canon dominated and misled the architectural shaping of a young, democratic society. In a second step, the paper focuses on two fundamental reflections. The first one highlights the relationship between democracy and style. A modern concept of liberty, for example, becomes visible in an architectural interpretation of Jefferson’s original design for the first Academic Village, Virginia. In the analysis of this architectural realisation, a more subtle image of Thomas Jefferson emerges. He was the founder of the Declaration of Independence, the philosophical basis for

  10. Islamic Political Thought and Cultural Revival in Modern Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Din Syamsuddin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Views of Islamic political thought, at least there are three currents of thought among Indonesian Muslim intellectuals; formalistic currents, currents substantivistik, and fundamentalist currents. One view of current formalistic, he said Islam is a universal religion and overall (total. He emphasized the power of God on earth and as the views of Islamic fundamentalism, the danger of "Westoxication" or "jahili modern society". For this group, Islam must be instituted in order to be a force for liberation in this world. This institutionalization will pave the way for the formation of modern society Qur'anis.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v2i4.820

  11. Poetics and Politics of the European Capital of Culture Project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng; Håkanson, Lars; LaCava, Laura

    2014-01-01

    The European Capital of Culture (ECoC) project was designed to promote European identity and integration. Hosting cities have since carried a variety of visions and objectives, ranging from the improvement of material infrastructure and urban revitalization, over the enhancement of cultural life...... the ECoC programme both within and beyond its marketing functions. We review a range of ECoC documents, reports and academic publications with two broad foci. The first deals with the ‘poetics’ of ECoC, that is, the presentation of ECoC in an attractive manner to win local support and attract outside...

  12. Cultural Heritage: An Introduction to Entanglements of Knowledge, Politics and Property

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristin Kuutma

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Heritage is today actively implemented in policies globally, and yet the categorisation and instrumentalisation of the realm of cultural heritage entails rather contradictory aspects. In the discourse of culture, heritage is an abstraction, and what it signifies is subject to interpretation. This contribution gives a brief overview of the contemporary discussion of the epistemological and ontological premises of cultural heritage. It has been stated that heritage is a social construction, and a mode of cultural production that emanates from a metacultural relationship. The critical assessment and theorisation of heritage includes an enquiry into tangible and intangible heritagisation, knowledge production, heritage politics, and the question of ownership.

  13. When politics froze fashion: the effect of the Cultural Revolution on naming in Beijing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obukhova, Elena; Zuckerman, Ezra W; Zhang, Jiayin

    2014-09-01

    The authors examine the popularity of boys' given names in Beijing before and after the onset of the Cultural Revolution to clarify how exogenous and endogenous factors interact to shape fashion. Whereas recent work in the sociology of culture emphasizes the importance of endogenous processes in explaining fashion, their analysis demonstrates two ways in which politics shaped cultural expression during the Cultural Revolution: by promoting forms of expression reflecting prevailing political ideology and by limiting individuals' willingness to act differently. As argued by Lieberson and developed further in this article, the second condition is important because endogenous fashion cycles require a critical mass of individuals who seek to differentiate themselves from common practice. Exogenous factors can influence the operation of the endogenous factors. The authors discuss the implications of their study for understanding the nature of conformity under authoritarian regimes and social conditions supporting individual expression.

  14. The Relation between the Right to Self-determination of People and Exercise of Democracy in a Democratic Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahin Javanmard

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The right to self-determination of people is a comprehensive right, that is,itincludes all nations so that they are obliged to observe and exercise it. It also covers all political, economical, social and cultural dimensions. Democratic approach could meet different requirements relating to this kind of right in the framework of international human rights and the right to self-determination of people. Democracy and effective, free, fair, active and comprehensive participation are considered as necessary democratic essence in order to use democratic approach in the right to self-determination of people. Realization of participation of all social groups such as national, linguistic, ethnic, religious and native minorities and people especially woman in multinational and multi-cultural societies will be occurred in the light of democratic development and reinforcement, democratic governorship, democratic movements and realization of the right to self-determination of people. In this regard, only the admission of multi-cultural and multi-national citizenship will be led to this realization.

  15. The politics of evaluation: The case of cultural organizations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chiaravalloti, F.; Piber, M.

    2012-01-01

    Cultural policy always means to decide how to spend money. This is a problem, as there are usually more useful options to use financial means than money available . Hence a sound evaluation of the proposed results and the predicted outcome as well as to some extent also a comparison of different pro

  16. The politics of evaluation: The case of cultural organizations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chiaravalloti, F.; Piber, M.

    2012-01-01

    Cultural policy always means to decide how to spend money. This is a problem, as there are usually more useful options to use financial means than money available . Hence a sound evaluation of the proposed results and the predicted outcome as well as to some extent also a comparison of different

  17. Innocents Abroad: The Politics of Cross-Cultural Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dufva, Hannele

    Some failure types that occur in cross-cultural interactions are described, mainly from the point of view of Finns and Finland and from primarily anecdotal and "folk theoretical" data. Material from such sources as newspapers, joke collections, proverbs, and student experiences are used as the basis of the discussion. Non-grammatical errors, or…

  18. Political and Cultural Nationalism in Education. The Ideas of Rousseau and Herder Concerning National Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiborg, Susanne

    2000-01-01

    Jean Jacques Rousseau in France and Johann Gottfied Herder in Germany both emphasized the role of education in building the nation-state. However, Rousseau focused on shaping the national character through citizenship education and political socialization in public schools, while Herder saw a national identity evolving from a common culture and…

  19. Political and Cultural Nationalism in Education. The Ideas of Rousseau and Herder Concerning National Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiborg, Susanne

    2000-01-01

    Jean Jacques Rousseau in France and Johann Gottfied Herder in Germany both emphasized the role of education in building the nation-state. However, Rousseau focused on shaping the national character through citizenship education and political socialization in public schools, while Herder saw a national identity evolving from a common culture and…

  20. Rethinking Cultural Politics and Radical Pedagogy in the Work of Antonio Gramsci.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giroux, Henry A.

    1999-01-01

    Analyzes Gramsci's work on education, discussing right-wing attempts to subordinate public education and the role of cultural politics in spearheading this assault. The paper examines attempts by right-wing theorists to appropriate Gramsci's views on education for conservative educational work, noting implications of Gramsci's work for defending…

  1. The Cultural Politics of Language in Sudan: Against the Racialising Logic of Language Rights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdelhay, Ashraf; Eljak, Nada; Mugaddam, AbdelRahim; Makoni, Sinfree

    2017-01-01

    The sociolinguistic repertoires of individuals in Sudan are products of institutionalised orders of normalisation. The visibility of language in popular and official discourses in Sudan is always linked with wider cultural and political projects. This paper intends to engage with and explicate this observation by, first, examining how the dominant…

  2. Indians Weaving in Cyberspace Indigenous Urban Youth Cultures, Identities and Politics of Languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jimenez Quispe, Luz

    2013-01-01

    This study is aimed at analyzing how contemporary urban Aymara youth hip hoppers and bloggers are creating their identities and are producing discourses in texts and lyrics to contest racist and colonial discourses. The research is situated in Bolivia, which is currently engaged in a cultural and political revolution supported by Indigenous…

  3. Learning from Popular Culture: The "Politics" of Competitive Reality Television Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreyer, David R.

    2011-01-01

    Reality television programming has become a pervasive part of popular culture. Although such programming may seem to be mindless entertainment, it can serve as a tool to introduce political lessons in the classroom. This article examines how the concepts of alliance behavior and strategic voting can be explored by using the television program…

  4. DiaspoRican Art as a Space for Identity Building, Cultural Reclamation, and Political Reimagining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosario-Ramos, Enid M.; Tucker-Raymond, Eli; Rosario, Maria

    2017-01-01

    The lives of Puerto Ricans in the neighborhood of Humboldt Park, Chicago, are often situated in a complex social field shaped by transnational cultural and political border crossing. We argue that artistic practices in this neighborhood are integral to building community and individual identities grounded in local meanings of the Puerto Rican…

  5. Political Culture, Schooling and Subaltern Groups in the Brazilian Empire (1822-1850)

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Faria Filho, Luciano Mendes; Fonseca, Marcus Vinicius

    2010-01-01

    This paper articulates the concepts of political culture, schooling and slavery in order to comprehend the process of instituting modern schools in Brazil, during the period immediately after Independence in 1822. With a view to this, it takes as its starting point the strategies and proposals of different groups disputing the direction of the…

  6. State Political Culture, Higher Education Spending Indicators, and Undergraduate Graduation Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heck, Ronald H.; Lam, Wendy S.; Thomas, Scott L.

    2014-01-01

    Issues concerning higher education today (e.g., rising costs, declining public trust, changing state economics) have created new demands for postsecondary institutions to demonstrate their productivity. We examine whether differences in states' political cultures (i.e., underlying traditions, values, and public policy choices) are reflected…

  7. Speaking "Out of Place": YouTube Documentaries and Viewers' Comment Culture as Political Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piotrowski, Marcelina

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the comment culture that accompanies documentary films on YouTube as a site of (geo) political education. It considers how viewers try to teach each other about the proper "place" of critique in response to the global, national, and local rhetoric featured in one environmental documentary film. YouTube viewers use…

  8. Cyclical Evolution of Nursing Education and Profession in Iran: Religious, Cultural, and Political Influences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mura, Pari; Mura, Aubin

    1995-01-01

    Nursing education in Iran has been influenced by cycles of religious and political change, including fluctuations in women's status, the modernization attempts of the Pahlavi Dynasty, and the shift from secular science-based education and health care back to a system based on religious and cultural principles in the Islamic Republic of Iran. (SK)

  9. Indians Weaving in Cyberspace Indigenous Urban Youth Cultures, Identities and Politics of Languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jimenez Quispe, Luz

    2013-01-01

    This study is aimed at analyzing how contemporary urban Aymara youth hip hoppers and bloggers are creating their identities and are producing discourses in texts and lyrics to contest racist and colonial discourses. The research is situated in Bolivia, which is currently engaged in a cultural and political revolution supported by Indigenous…

  10. Explaining the Expansion of Feminist Ideas: Cultural Diffusion or Political Struggle?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stromquist, Nelly P.

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the expansion of feminist ideas as both a conceptual and a political issue. It focuses on two major theories of social change, world culture theory (WCT) and world system analysis (WSA), comparing and contrasting how they frame gender as a factor shaping society, how they account for the diffusion of feminist ideas and how…

  11. Cultural politics and the hydrosocial cycle: Water, power and identity in the Andean highlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boelens, R.A.

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores interactions among water, power and cultural politics in the Andes. It analyzes the hydrosocial cycle as the political–ecological production of a time- and place-specific socionature, enrolling and co-patterning the social, the natural and the supernatural to reflect dominant int

  12. Voters’ Perception of Cultural Elements in Political Advertising for the April 2011 General Elections in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Nkemdilim Ijeh

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Popular appeals explored by political advertisers for elections include showing a clearunderstanding ofpressing societal issues and demonstrating the possession of appropriate responsesto them as well as emphasis on experience relevant to the position being sought or one’s track recordsin other spheres of human endeavour. In addition to the aforementionedappeals, this study observesthat some political advertisers for the April 2011general elections in Nigeria incorporated culturalelements such as native languages; cultural dressing; emphasis on candidates’ cultural affinities bybirth, history, marriage and chieftaincy titles; cultural music and dances; cultural norms, values andideologies; as well as visits to and endorsements of candidates by traditional rulers. Voters perceivedthis in good light and majority indicated that they were attracted by these cultural elements to thepolitical advertisements and learnt about the candidates from them. However, a minority of themindicated that these incorporated cultural elements actually influenced their voting decisions. Thesefindings, emanating from a content analysis of selected political advertisements for the elections,tally with the notion of agenda setting theory of mass communication that the media can tell peoplewhat to think about but never what to think.

  13. Culture of the Recreation, Democracy and Political Conscience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alixon Reyes

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Recreation is a universal cultural and intangible patrimony. Besides, it has to do with all those experiences lived and felt by a human being while a transformation takes place towards it that he wishes, needs and gasps. But, the recreation has been confused with entertainment and amusement, elements that form a way of being and a way of thinking producing a cultural emptying of the recreation turning it into a banal and instrumental matter. And do not think that this is neutral and innocent. On the contrary, it is a trend that marks the fingerprint of a neocoloniality. This way, the recreation is done, is bought and sold, is programmed and is planned, offers to the measurement the one who can buy it and the one who can pay it, leaving of side the experience humanizes as vital point.

  14. The conservation and dissemination of information - A democratic issue

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torbacke, J. [Stockholm Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of History

    1996-12-01

    The societal function of the historians are pointed out, to describe and explain, in cooperation with the archives, the chain of political, economic, social and cultural events that has shaped the country`s history. The lessons of the past, whether pleasant or unpleasant, should be passed on to the posterity. Open information is an important element in a democratic society and is normally one of the criteria that distinguishes democracy from autocracy. In the closed and controlled information society all that is hushed up and covered up leads to bitterness and rage among the citizens.

  15. Teacher collaboration and curriculum construction: Political, cultural, and structural contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esterle, Rochelle Eda Penn

    This longitudinal case study is the story of one high school's efforts to implement curriculum reform and the profound effect of local circumstances on reform ideologies. What began as a study of inter- and intradisciplinary collaborative science curriculum integration became the study of a systemic failure to modify cultural practices. Poritical, economic, and structural measures initiated to facilitate reform ultimately represent inherent conflicts of interest which undermine the reform effort. This research exposes obstacles that are deeply embedded within the school's governance, the beliefs and knowledge of teachers, and the culture of schools. The study site is both a new entity and a new concept: a specialized math/science high school located on a state university campus; the school recruits underrepresented students to become acclimated to university coursework and culture. To date, the school has maintained an exceptional record of college and university placements. The school is governed by a partnership representing the university, the corporate sector, and 11 surrounding K-12 school districts. Free from the regularities of a traditional high school, the school appears to be ideally situated for innovation. The principle innovations at this school relate to its organizational structure--heterogeneous student groupings, cooperative group work, curriculum integration, block scheduling, and concurrent university coursework. For teachers, grade level teams replace departments as the dominant unit for professional, curricular, and social interactions. Within teacher teams, collaboration centers around ongoing student problems and policies, subordinating academic content and significant interdisciplinary connections. Without active discipline-based departments and curricular leadership, however, this research finds an absence of academic direction and accountability.

  16. From Dictatorship to Democracy? The Impact of the Collapse of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) on Political Education in Its Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruen, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    It is hypothesized in the fields of political education and citizenship studies that a discrepancy exists between the rhetoric of political education as expressed in official policy documents, guidelines, and curricula, on the one hand, and the reality of what happens in the classroom, on the other. This study tests this hypothesis in relation to…

  17. About WASP and its Impact on American Culture and Politics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王茜

    2015-01-01

    The acronym WASP in the United States refers to a descendent of the Caucasian Protestant Christians from England who began immigrating to the Americas in the seventeenth century. This was one the first foreign-born ethnic groups to gain a secure foothold in U.S. territory, displacing the Native American populations. In the late-eighteenth century WASPs became the dominant ethnicity in the United States, with their values shaping the institutions of the new and rapidly growing nation. Whether WASP cultural values are still the most dominant values in the United States is a subject of debate for a lot of scholars who are doing research on American history.

  18. Performing Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Troy R. E. Paddock

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Walter Benjamin’s observation that fascism turns politics into aesthetics is, by now, a well-worn idea. This article argues that Benjamin’s critique of politics can apply just as much to the modern democratic politics of the United States. Borrowing from Benjamin, Jürgen Habermas, and Carl Schmitt, this article suggests that modern political discourse in the United States does not follow the classical liberal ideal of rational discourse in the marketplace of ideas within the public sphere. Instead, contemporary politics has become spectacle where images and slogans replace thought and debate in a 24/7 news cycle and political infotainment programs. The result is that progressives and conservatives have their own political “ecospheres” which enable them to have their own perspective reinforced, and debate is replaced by straw man arguments and personal attacks.

  19. Cross-Cultural Variation of Politeness Orientation & Speech Act Perception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nisreen Naji Al-Khawaldeh

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the findings of an empirical study which compares Jordanian and English native speakers’ perceptions about the speech act of thanking. The forty interviews conducted revealed some similarities but also of remarkable cross-cultural differences relating to the significance of thanking, the variables affecting it, and the appropriate linguistic and paralinguistic choices, as well as their impact on the interpretation of thanking behaviour. The most important theoretical finding is that the data, while consistent with many views found in the existing literature, do not support Brown and Levinson’s (1987 claim that thanking is a speech act which intrinsically threatens the speaker’s negative face because it involves overt acceptance of an imposition on the speaker.  Rather, thanking should be viewed as a means of establishing and sustaining social relationships. The study findings suggest that cultural variation in thanking is due to the high degree of sensitivity of this speech act to the complex interplay of a range of social and contextual variables, and point to some promising directions for further research.

  20. Democratically Binding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert E. Goodin

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The 'democracy unbound' project aspires to extend democracy in two dimensions: range and scope. The former would give a wider range of people the vote. The latter would give people a wider scope of things to vote on. In practice, no doubt there is room to do much more of both. But whereas it would be democratically justifiable in an ideal world for democracy to be completely unbounded as regards range, even in an ideal world democracy ought be subject to some limits internal to the logic of democracy itself as regards its scope. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1837428

  1. Dennis Berthold, American Risorgimento: Herman Melville and the Cultural Politics of Italy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Gemme

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In his new book, American Risorgimento: Herman Melville and the Cultural Politics of Italy, Dennis Berthold shows how Italy’s political transformation from a collection of small states controlled by foreign powers in the 1840s into a unified, independent nation by 1871 was central to Melville’s writing. Melville clearly saw the parallel between Italy’s struggle for freedom from foreign domination and drive for unification and, on the other hand, the war in the United States to abolish slavery...

  2. The Contested White Lady: A Critique of New Zealand Cultural Heritage Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindsay Neill

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This article critiques New Zealand’s cultural heritage politics by positing that vernacular items, like an iconic eatery called the White Lady, does not meet the legislative criteria enabling cultural heritage status. If vernacular artefacts, including ‘kiwiana’, are to be integrated within cultural heritage, then changes within legislation, definitions and participant preconceptions are necessary. This study argues that cultural heritage is dominated by artefacts and historic places; that ‘kiwiana’ and other vernacular items of social history, practice and tradition are relegated. Items of ‘kiwiana’ act as touchstones of identity for New Zealanders. Therefore, their omission distorts the view of New Zealand’s cultural heritage. The application of cultural heritage status to the White Lady is important because of its transcendence of time and social change, its aesthetic, and also because of its present-day hospitality offering.

  3. BRICS Countries and Democratic Contagion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Bruno

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article explores whether the interstate dynamics of the BRICS can activate those processes of convergence of politicalregimes and practices known as “democratic contagion.” As this contagion was experienced during the “third wave” ofdemocratization, mainly because of homogeneity among states and structural conditions for democratic attraction, theBRICS are not likely to repeat these dynamics. On the contrary, the only real constitutional homogeneity among the BRICScountries is the standard of non-interference in the internal affairs of each member. Non-interference also means abstainingfrom any initiative to condition the transformation of political regimes in consideration of the same interstate cooperation. Thedynamics of the BRICS shows that different political regimes can promote institutionalized forms of interstate cooperationwithout any mutual contamination at the constitutional level. The theories of “transition” and “democratic contagion” areinsufficient to understand these dynamics in the context of the BRICS; for this reason, the theory of democratic transitioncannot provide an adequate analysis of BRICS. With its members “split in unity,” as an institution the BRICS suggests anevolution toward a model of “not eurocentric dependence” that can overcome the “peripheral realism” of the role of eachstate in its own foreign policy.

  4. 中国民主选举的政治理念与基本思路%Political Ideas and Guidelines of Democratic Elections in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    强世功

    2004-01-01

    @@ At the turn of the 21st century, after more than two decades of its efforts in economic reforms, China has been undergoing a transition from a planned to a market economy. China's overall capability has in great measure been enhanced as well. Along with economic transformation, transformation of the political structure, to better adapt it to providing the economy with a superstructure, has emerged as an urgent need.On the one hand, the market helps diversify social interests and boosts stratification in the social structure. How this plurality of interests-in some cases competitive or conflicting political and social ones-is to reach a political consensus through an institutionalized mechanism so as to confirm and strengthen the political authority, has become a critical issue in guiding China from an economic to a political nation,1 On the other hand,market development has led to increased polarization, which has placed social justice under a spotlight. Resolving this issue largely depends on open negotiation and comproraise among different social groups on the basis of a fair, reasonable procedural system.2All these problems are in one way or another reducible to that of China's political restructuring. In other words, with a view to handling all conflicts of social and political interest (and other potential disputes)

  5. Liberalist Variation in Taiwan: Four Democratization Orientations

    OpenAIRE

    Hung-jen Wang

    2012-01-01

    "In this paper the author analyzes how Taiwanese liberalist scholars have discursively and operationally shaped the meanings of Taiwanese democratization via a mix of liberal values and nationalist concerns. He will argue that a valid understanding of democratization in Taiwan has never emerged in a way that adequately responds to a liberalist perspective of the country's ongoing political development. Instead, such an understanding has been subjectively influenced by liberal intellectuals wr...

  6. Demokratikleşme Sürecini Tamamlayamamış Toplumların Ekonomik ve Siyasi Açıdan Değerlendirilmesi: Sürdürülebilir Demokrasi( Evaluation of The Societies, Which Did Not Complete Democratization Process, in Terms of Economical and Political Perspectives: Sustainable Democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurdan KUŞAT

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Democracy is the indispensable political regime of 21 century societies. While 20. century century takes place in history as that many countries met with democracy, 21 century seems to be a candidate that will be remembered together with the interventions to the democratic process with a panic to lose the democracy. In each century, with different improvements and different forms, the military-political power, or in other words, the military-civilian relations, has taken place in the agendas of the countries. In history this relationship between the military and political power, exhibits a model which is sometimes moderate and sometimes with conflicts. Finally, it is easy to set up a democratic regime, but it is difficult to make it sustainable. This study is trying to explain to the countries that are willing to digest representative democracy, what to do to make it sustainable.

  7. Repression and solidary cultures of resistance: Irish political prisoners on protest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Hearn, Denis

    2009-09-01

    Social activists and especially insurgents have created solidary cultures of resistance in conditions of high risk and repression. One such instance is an episode of contention by Irish political prisoners in the late 1970s. The "blanketmen" appropriated and then built a solidary culture within spaces that had been under official control. Their ability to maintain such a collective response was enhanced by an intensifying cycle of protest and violent reprisal, including extreme stripping of their material environment, in which the prisoners gained considerable initiative. This study uses interviews and contemporary writings by prisoners, prison authorities, visitors, and movement activists to examine how the dynamic of protest and repression transformed insurgent prison culture--through material, emotional, and perceptive changes--and the importance of leadership in the transformation. Special attention is given to prisoner activities in appropriated spaces that reinforced the culture of resistance: promoting the Irish language, cultural production, and the production of propaganda.

  8. Local Political Culture and Use of Local Media: Is There a Relationship?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoff, Jens Villiam

    this model also turned out to be quite apt in explaining variation in local media use, the citizen role model was at least as good as this model in explaining these variations. Thus, our model of the four citizen roles/four different local cultures seems to be very robust when it comes to explaining......This paper investigates whether there is a relationship between local political culture and use of local media; especially the internet. The investigation is done on the basis of a case study conducted in the Danish municipality of Odder between 2003 and 2006. The case study is a very thorough...... investigation of local media, local politics and local democracy. In connection with the case study a wealth of qualitative as well as quantitative data were collected, among these two surveys conducted in 2003 and 2005. On the basis of a triangulation between theoretical considerations concerning...

  9. Book review: Macedonia: the political, social, economic and cultural foundations of a Balkan state

    OpenAIRE

    Knight, Daniel Martyn

    2013-01-01

    Macedonia: The Political, Social, Economic and Cultural Foundations of a Balkan State is a collection of twelve essays taking an in-depth look at the multi-layered relationships between different groups in Macedonia from an anthropological perspective. Daniel M. Knight finds the book to offer revealing insights into the rich tapestry of life in modern-day Macedonia, especially in the areas of religion and ethnicity.

  10. Pan-nationalism and the European Union: how to achieve a European political and cultural identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelina Banović-Markovska

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Acceptance of the European Union as the common perspective of the various nationalities, does not necessarily exclude ethnicity; on the contrary, it is an effort that may see implemented a rational and political construct that aims to preserve uniqueness. As dictated by the Universalist concept of the union, peculiarities are crucial in forging the long awaited common European cultural identity, as a socio-psychological pendant of the national identities.

  11. Is the Truth Down There?: Cultural Heritage Conflict and the Politics of Archaeological Authority

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Barber

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The selective pressures and processes of cultural heritage management effectively disinherit some interest groups. Where this occurs in the context of postcolonial or nationalist conflict, the material archaeological record may be referenced to support or reject particular views. The disciplinary assumptions behind the archaeological evidence so produced are not usually contested in judicial contexts. A review of archaeology’s theoretical foundations suggests that this naivety itself may be problematic. A descriptive culture history approach dominated archaeology over the first half of the twentieth century with a strong political appeal to nationalist politics. Subsequently archaeology became concerned with processual explanation and the scientific identification of universal laws of culture, consistent with postwar technological optimism and conformity. A postprocessual archaeology movement from the 1970s has promoted relativism and challenged the singular authority of scientific explanation. Archaeologists caught within this debate disagree over the use of the archaeological record in situations of political conflict. Furthermore, the use of archaeology in the sectarian debate over the Ayodhya birthplace of Rama suggests that the material record of the past can become highly politicized and seemingly irresolvable. Archaeological research is also subject to other blatant and subtle political pressures throughout the world, affecting the nature and interpretation of the record. A system that privileges archaeological information values may be irrelevant also to communities who value and manage their ancestral heritage for customary purposes. Collectively this review of theory and applied knowledge suggests that it is unrealistic to expect that archaeology can authoritatively resolve strident claims and debates about the past. Instead, an important contemporary contribution of archaeology may be its potential to document cultural and

  12. Writers into Intellectuals, Culture into Politics: Grappling with History in the NRF, 1920-1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martyn CORNICK

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available It is now commonplace to view the end of the Great War in 1918 as representing the beginnings of a new world order. The human losses, the vanished empires, the Bolshevik revolution and its lasting consequences, the collapse of the intellectual certainties of the pre-war order, all ensured the irruption of History and Politics into cultural spaces within the European public sphere. The politicisation of cultural spaces was inevitable, given that purveyors of culture—writers and intellectuals—w...

  13. Democratic Chaos: How Taiwanese Democracy Destabilized Cross-Strait Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    constitutional revisions, the ROC went from a party-state system like the PRC is to a maturing democratic system . With this change came an even...campaign funds becomes especially important in an increasingly evolved democratic system . The role of media outlets, and consequently advertising, grows...independence from the PRC as much as they were necessary to fully implement a more democratic system on the island. As outlined above, the political parties

  14. A Translocal Perspective: Mustang Images in the Cultural, Economic and Political Landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Dalke

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Translocal spaces are created out of the process of globalization whereby interventions such as electronic media and migration radically change social relations and breakdown the isomorphism of space, place, and culture [1]. This approach is useful in examining the controversy surrounding the mustang. This paper explores how different social constructions influence the management of mustangs as they move between the local and national level. At each cultural level, political, economic, and environmental issues converge encouraging the emphasis of some cultural constructions over others. These socially constructed images give insight into what the mustang means to a post-industrial culture and it may simultaneously contribute to the animal’s eventual demise.

  15. Continuity of Political Culture: The Case of Military Culture in East and West Germany in the Post-World War Two Military Reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    SED und Ministers fur Verteidigung der DDR, Armmeegeneral H. Hoffmann, an der Parteihochschule ’ Karl Marx ’ beim ZK der SED, 20 Januar 1969." in Die...Row, Peterson and Company, 1957. Verba, Sidney, Political Development. "Chapter 12: Comparative Political Culture." Weber, Hermann. Grundriss der

  16. Emancipation or Neo-Colonisation? Global Gender Mainstreaming Policies, Swedish Gender Equality Politics and Local Negotiations about Putting Gender into Education Reforms in the Lao People's Democratic Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silfver, Ann-Louise

    2010-01-01

    This article reflects on gender mainstreaming policies post Beijing and their impact on development cooperation and relations between the Global North and Global South. The analysis is based on an examination of gender equality politics in Sweden, their connection with an interpretation of gender mainstreaming and the application of this approach…

  17. Emancipation or Neo-Colonisation? Global Gender Mainstreaming Policies, Swedish Gender Equality Politics and Local Negotiations about Putting Gender into Education Reforms in the Lao People's Democratic Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silfver, Ann-Louise

    2010-01-01

    This article reflects on gender mainstreaming policies post Beijing and their impact on development cooperation and relations between the Global North and Global South. The analysis is based on an examination of gender equality politics in Sweden, their connection with an interpretation of gender mainstreaming and the application of this approach…

  18. Socio-political, cultural and economic preferences and behaviour of the social and cultural specialists and the technocrats : Social class or education?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Güveli, Ayse; Need, Ariana; Graaf, Nan Dirk de

    2007-01-01

    Do the social and cultural specialists differ from the technocrats and other social classes with respect to their socio-political, cultural and economic preferences and behaviour? If they do, is this attributable to their level and field of education? The social and cultural specialists are assumed

  19. Educational Conservatism and Democratic Citizenship in Hannah Arendt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihaila, Ramona; Popescu, Gheorghe H.; Nica, Elvira

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this article was to gain a deeper understanding of Arendt's educational philosophy, her perspective of political involvement as a kind of political education, and natality as the fundamental nature of education. The current study has extended past research by elucidating Arendt's view of participatory democratic politics, her…

  20. Eastern European Political Socialization Modeling Research: A Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camelia Florela Voinea

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents empirical modeling research on political socialization of the citizens in the new Eastern European democracies. The political socialization issue offers a comparative perspective over the modeling methodologies in analytical paradigms. Eastern European political culture research has revealed features of the electoral behavior and political participation which can be identified in different degrees in all the new democracies in the area: passivity with respect to political activity of parties, elites and institutions, political apathy or lack of reaction to anti-democratic actions, skepticism or distrust in institutions, scarce participation to social movements. Several authors explain the actual political behavior of the Eastern European citizens’ and their low social and political involvement by the (political culture heritage of the communist regimes in which they lived for a long time, and which keeps shaping their political attitudes towards the state, civil society, government and institutions. Research issues in the analysis of political participation are traditionally based on statistics analyses of empirical evidence coming from public surveys. However, scarcity ofempirical data from the communist periode with regard to (political socialization, values and beliefs represent a major obstacle towards a better understanding of the historical roots of current behaviors and attitudes. Scarcity of observational data might be overcome by computational and simulation modeling.

  1. From ‘no cultural policy’ to ‘centralised market orientation’: The political economy of Hong Kong cultural policy (1997–2015)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ho, Louis

    2017-01-01

    This study examines changes in the cultural policy in Hong Kong amid the transformations of political economy in the 1990s, following the handover in 1997, and under the administration of three Chief Executives (and their teams) up to 2015...

  2. The Sæby Riot of 1818 - Popular Protest and the Political Culture of late Danish Absolutism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mührmann-Lund, Jørgen

    A microhistorical analysis of a popular riot in the small Danish town Sæby in 1818, showing the political culture of the period and especially the break with absolutist patriarchalism.......A microhistorical analysis of a popular riot in the small Danish town Sæby in 1818, showing the political culture of the period and especially the break with absolutist patriarchalism....

  3. Foreign Policy and Political Culture: the Case of the Argentinian Democracy (1983-1985

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezequiel Reficco

    1996-02-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the twelve years that have passed since the restoration of democracy in Argentina, the external political dynamics of the country experienced dramatic changes. We can distinguish between three periods structured according to clearly differentiated parametres: the search for independence (1983-1985, the change to realism (1985-1989 and the search to reconnect (1989-1995.At the same time, this evolution was accompanied by far-reaching transformations in the international system. These changes were reflected through the means of an emulative connection to Argentinian political life, modifying the terms of the consensus which sustained the external dynamics of the State. Argentinian political culture had to adapt itself to reality, to its own experience and to those signals coming from enviroment which indicated where -and where notitshould direct its energies in order to optimize results.From this re-reading of reality carried out by both political leaders and Argentinian public opinion, the president elected, regardless of the result of the 1989 elections, had instrumented a reorientation similar to the present one. In the same way, Menem’s successor will maintain, in broad termes, the current external dynamics in his country.

  4. 由亨廷顿与福山的文化争论探讨国内政治文化的发展途径%Probe into the Domestic Political Culture Strategy and Development——Basing on the Culture Disputes by Huntington and Fukuyama

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段朝霞

    2012-01-01

      冷战结束后,塞缪尔·亨廷顿和弗朗西斯·福山关于文化在国际关系中的位置争论倍受关注。亨廷顿认为每一种文化都有一个坚硬的内核,文明的冲突是不可避免的,非西方国家可能会发生民主化,但绝对不可能西方化。而福山的核心观点则是文化是可以改变的,世界各国迟早都会走向西方式的民主。我国的政治文化策略应既注重对西方民主文化精髓的借鉴和吸收,又要保持我国政治文化的民族风格与气派,提高本土政治文化的吸收能力,坚持政治文化教育的民族性,提升国家文化软实力,建设具有中国特色的政治文化。%  After the Cold War, the debate between Samuel Huntington and Francis Fukuyama about the status of culture in international relations drew a wide attention. Huntington believed that every culture has a hard core and civilized conflict is inevitable;non-Western countries may initiate democratization but never westernization. On the contrary, Fukuyama held that culture can be changed and the world will sooner or later move toward a western-style of democracy. The paper suggests that China’s political culture strategy should not only borrow and absorb the western democratic cultural essence, but also maintain its own national style and flair, in order to improve its absorption ability of the local political culture, to adhere to the nationality of its political cultural education, and to enhance its soft power of the national culture, developing a political culture with Chinese characteristics.

  5. Romanian Village Halls in the Early 1950s: Between Cultural and Political Propaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorin Radu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Village halls [Romanian: cămine culturale] appeared in many Europeancountries and elsewhere as early as the nineteenth century and multiplied in the twentieth.The presence of these institutions in the rural world, despite obvious differences in theirgoals and activities, demonstrates a general interest in the cultural development ofvillages, as well as the emergence and growth of leisure practices amongst peasants. Thisessay is not a study of the history of village halls; rather, it focuses on the changes that thisinstitution underwent in the early years of the communist regime in Romania. It analyseshow communists transformed the village hall into a place of propaganda under theguise of “cultural work”. The study starts from the premise that communist propagandadeliberately did not distinguish between “political work” and “cultural work”. At the endof the 1940s and the beginning of the 1950s, the village hall became the communist regime’scentral venue for disseminating political and cultural propaganda.

  6. The Irony of Democratization and the Decline of Royal Hegemony in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasian Tejapira

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available I intend to approach the current decade-long political crisis in Thailand from two perspectives: power shift and cultural political hegemony. From a comparative historical point of view, the current crisis fits into a pattern of cyclical power shifts in modern Thai politics in which an initial opening/liberalization of the economy led to the emergence of a new class/social group, which in turn grew and rose to politically challenge the existing regime of the old elites and their allies. An extended period of political contest and turmoil ensued, with varying elements of radical transformation and setback, reaction and compromise, which usually ended in a measure of regime change. A remarkable feature of the ongoing power shift in Thailand is the ironic reversal of political stance and role of the established urban middle class, who have turned from the erstwhile vanguard democratizers of the previous power shift into latter-day anti-democratizers of the current one, with the globally dominant ideology of liberal democracy being torn asunder as a result. The preferred strategy of recent anti-democratic movements has been violent street politics and forceful anarchic mass occupation of key administrative, business, and transportation centers to bring about socioeconomic paralysis, virtual state failure, and government collapse. The aim is to create a condition of un-governability in the country that will allow the movement’s leaders to exploit King Bhumibol’s hard-earned hegemonic position and the deep-seated constitutional ambiguity of the locus of sovereignty in Thailand’s “Democratic Regime of Government with the King as Head of the State” so as to appeal to heaven for divine political intervention. This has inadvertently resulted in the increasing politicization of the monarchy and concomitant decline of royal hegemony as the symbolic ties between democracy and the monarchy in Thailand become unraveled. In this light, the latest coup

  7. Civil Society Organisations and Democratic Consolidation in Uganda1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sulaiman.adebowale

    2006-06-01

    Jun 1, 2006 ... fectively empowered, especially through collective action and solidarity ... alisation of democratic practices, complete only when citizens and the political ..... new information and communications technologies as fax machines.

  8. Circles of Consensus: The Preservation of Cultural Diversity through Political Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Jaria i Manzano

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Western modern culture has expanded at the universal level and has thereby become a threat to other cultures, particularly those of chthonic communities. But these cultures have progressively recognized its worth as a source of richness, which can be very useful in facing future challenges to humanity. Moreover, in terms of human dignity and the equality of all human beings, Western modern culture has to be recognized as having an intrinsic value as well. Given these facts, we must find a way to protect this cultural diversity in an effective manner. It is obvious that assimilationist or isolationist models are not satisfactory. So I propose a third way. I call it an integrationist or a deep approach. It consists of giving political density to cultural diversity through the design of federalist strategies that have, as a result, the definition of different levels of decision (circles of consensus. After having exposed my model, I will pay attention to the recent constitutional experiences in Ecuador and Bolivia, where some new developments in this sense are intended. I compare these models with my proposal and, finally, I analyze the main problems that a deep approach to preserving cultural diversity has to face up to.

  9. Circles of Consensus: The Preservation of Cultural Diversity through Political Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Jaria i Manzano

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Western modern culture has expanded at the universal level and has thereby become a threat to other cultures, particularly those of chthonic communities. But these cultures have progressively recognized its worth as a source of richness, which can be very useful in facing future challenges to humanity. Moreover, in terms of human dignity and the equality of all human beings, Western modern culture has to be recognized as having an intrinsic value as well. Given these facts, we must find a way to protect this cultural diversity in an effective manner. It is obvious that assimilationist or isolationist models are not satisfactory. So I propose a third way. I call it an integrationist or a deep approach. It consists of giving political density to cultural diversity through the design of federalist strategies that have, as a result, the definition of different levels of decision (circles of consensus. After having exposed my model, I will pay attention to the recent constitutional experiences in Ecuador and Bolivia, where some new developments in this sense are intended. I compare these models with my proposal and, finally, I analyze the main problems that a deep approach to preserving cultural diversity has to face up to.

  10. Democratic consolidation in sub-Saharan Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Pérez González

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The contributions made by theory on democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe are also pertinent to analysis of processes of democratization and democratic consolidation in other areas, such as sub-Saharan Africa. The parameters of analysis highlight the importance of a strong state (organized, with legitimated institutions and a structured society (whether multiethnic or not as necessary conditions for democratization. On the assumption that the colonizing powers basically used two models –the French assimilationist model and the British indirect government model– the study of how these conditions were fulfilled in various sub-Saharan states leads to two conclusions: the first, the possibility of a process of democratization in those states where European (French colonization produced a total assimilation of the colonized society, including above all the colonizer’s political values; and the second, the possibility of processes of democratization in states produced by British colonization where the indigenous structures and those of the metropolis were superimposed, a phenomenon which allowed the application of democratic values by legitimated local institutions.

  11. Measuring the democratic anchorage of governance networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fotel, Trine; Sørensen, Eva; Torfing, Jacob

    in what we shall call a model for the democratic anchorage of governance networks. As illustrated by our qualitative case study of a multi-level and cross-border governance network involved in the recent decision to build a bridge between Denmark and Germany, the democratic anchorage model helps to assess......There has been a growing debate about the democratic problems and potentials of governance networks among political scientists and public managers. While some claim that governance networks tend to undermine democracy, others argue that they have the potential to improve and strengthen democracy....... This debate is found wanting in two respects. First of all, there has been far too little discussion about what democracy means in relation to pluricentric governance networks. Second, the current debate builds on the assumption that it is possible to give a clear-cut answer to the question of the democratic...

  12. The Challenges of Democratic Governance in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enahoro, N. I.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This review sets out to examine the challenges of democratic governance in Nigeria. Specifically, the work focuseS on some inescapable facts, such as concept of governance and politics, democratic governance, corruption as well as erosion of federalism by Nigerian leaders. The study observes that a government that does not recognize that it holds power in trust for the people is one of the challenges of Nigerian democratic governance. In addition, the work highlights the importance of willed, handful of well meaning totally committed and uncompromised people, to turn the tide and bring about the much needed change to a true democracy in Nigerian governance. Sequel to the findings of this work, it is recommended that, consistent audit should be carried out in Nigerian democratic governance, the properties of genuine federalism be enhanced, elected officials must possess and demonstrate excellent leadership qualities and credentials for the offices they occupy.

  13. Democratic Learning Processes: Conceptual and Historical Challenges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ann-Dorte; Rasmussen, Palle

    2009-01-01

    In this article democratic learning is conceptualised with inspiration from two academic traditions, one being the conceptions of citizenship, political identities and deliberative democracy in political sociology; the other theories and research on social and lifelong learning. The first part of...... to abolish of obligatory native language teaching in the Danish elementary school.......In this article democratic learning is conceptualised with inspiration from two academic traditions, one being the conceptions of citizenship, political identities and deliberative democracy in political sociology; the other theories and research on social and lifelong learning. The first part...... of the article outlines the authors' understanding of the core concepts involved. In the second part these conceptual discussions are related to two themes: the question of public adaptation of historical experiences in connection with the German reunification and the learning perspectives related to women...

  14. The research on the problem of the system of the ideological and Political Education under the Democratic embedding target——Empirical Research Based on H City%民主嵌入目标下高校思想政治教育治理体系失范问题研究——基于H市高校的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静

    2015-01-01

    在校大学生拥有较高水平的科学文化知识、自身维权意识较强,对于"民主"的易感性程度较高,但对究竟何为"民主"、如何参与和表达"民主"却没有清晰的认知体系建构,这便导致了其对高校行政、教学工作的"泛民主化"认识、进而造就了高校思想政治教育体系中"师-生"对立的二元张力格局.本次调查研究以问卷法深入、以H市各高校为样本,探求民主语境下高校思想政治教育治理体系失范的突破路径.%College students have a higher level of scientific and cultural knowledge, their awareness of the rights of strong, for "democracy" has a high degree of susceptibility, but on what is "democracy" and to participate in and say "democracy" did not clear the cognitive system construction, this will lead to the understanding of the administration in Colleges and universities, teaching work of "Pan democratic", thus creating a system of Ideological and political education in Colleges and universities "teacher student conflicts between binary tension pattern. This investigation is based on the questionnaire, and takes the college H as sample, explores the breakthrough route of the ideological and political education governance system in the Democratic context.

  15. Understanding Culture and Influencing Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    sexes. 44 Democratic countries considered feministic tend to elect more women to political offices and government posts unless they have a large...his book Organization Change: Theory and Practice expands Gladwell’s ideas identifying areas a leader can leverage to assist with changing culture...Leading Across Cultures, 3rd Edition (Boston,MA: Nicholas Brealy Publishing, 2006), 28-29. 4 Gareth R. Jones, Organizational Theory , Design, and

  16. "Democratization"of judicial interpretation and the Supreme Court's political function%司法解释"民主化"和最高法院的政治功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈岿

    2008-01-01

    The new provisions on judicial interpretation work issued by the Supreme People's Court (SPC) explicitly establish two procedural institutions:"Citizen motion for project initiation of judicial interpretation"and"Seeking public comment."Under the rubric of democratization.these create "prima facie democratic legitimacy"for it to cany out the political function of developing law through judicial interpretation,and also enable it to broadly absorb information or knowledge in the course of Chinese-style judicial interpretation,especially abstract interpretation.However,the"democratization"trend gives also the impression that the SPC hews so close to public opinion that it will find itself in a quandary if it becomes necessary for it to make an independent and wise judgment.The SPC must find an appropriate balance between following behind and standing aloof from public opinion.Therefore,we should not take any flnther steps in"democratization."An acceptable strategy for the present would be for the SPC to retain abstract interpretation in a limited sphere while working on reforming the content,form and system of concrete interprcmtion and extending its Scope of application,letting the two models of judicial interlnetation coexist and compete for future development and choices.%最高人民法院发布新的关于司法解释工作的规定,明文确立了"公民动议司法解释立项"和"公开征求意见"的机制,从而在"民主化"的话语描述下,为其履行通过解释发展法律的政治功能建构了"表面上的民主合法性",也使其能够在进行中国式司法解释(尤其是抽象司法解释)过程中广泛吸纳信息或知识.然而, "民主化"动向也给人留下最高人民法院无限贴近民意的印象,由此制造了使其很难在必要时进行独立、明智判断的困境.最高人民法院进行司法解释,需要在顺应民意和距离民意之间寻找适当的平衡,为此,不应再采取任何进一步"民主化"的措施.

  17. Left Realism and Social Democratic Renewal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russell Hogg

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available At its inception Left Realism argued the need to develop a radical social democratic approach to crime. I argue that its contribution and continuing relevance primarily lies in this political project, the need for which has not dissipated. But this can only be advanced as an integral component of a more general renewal of social democratic ideas and politics that challenges the hegemony of neo-liberalism. This is far from guaranteed. The possibilities and challenges after the global financial crisis are considered. I argue for a rethinking of some core themes from early Left Realism to (as I see it better complement the task of social democratic renewal in the present.

  18. Democratic Learning Processes: Conceptual and Historical Challenges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ann-Dorte; Rasmussen, Palle

    2009-01-01

    of the article outlines the authors' understanding of the core concepts involved. In the second part these conceptual discussions are related to two themes: the question of public adaptation of historical experiences in connection with the German reunification and the learning perspectives related to women......In this article democratic learning is conceptualised with inspiration from two academic traditions, one being the conceptions of citizenship, political identities and deliberative democracy in political sociology; the other theories and research on social and lifelong learning. The first part......'s empowerment and inclusion in the Danish democratic model. On the background of these two analyses the authors finally discuss some current democratic problems with integrating the diversity represented by ethnic minority groups. The discussion emphasizes the learning theory perspective on the initiative...

  19. Culture as Politics: A Note on Language Legislation in Putin’s Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingunn Lunde

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the goals of this volume, and of the conference that led to its compilation, is to point at the significance of our fields, to show the world in what ways languages — and modern language studies — are important, to demonstrate that language, history, culture, literature — and knowledge about these topics — are essential to society. Now, there is a range of possible answers to the question “important to whom?” In this article, I discuss the ways in which culture in general, and language in particular, has become an important field of attention to the authorities in today’s Russia, and for a particular purpose. Over the last decade, Russian authorities have significantly increased their involvement in the cultural field, creating programmes for the patriotic education of citizens, adopting new laws and regulations affecting film, literature and art, and exploring the capital of culture for all it is worth. It is important to get a firm grasp of the state’s renewed interest in culture, in order to assess its impact in the broader context of Russian politics and society. In the following, I discuss a few concrete examples of state involvement in the cultural sphere, focusing in particular on the question of language legislation.

  20. The cultural politics of mining and natural disaster in Indonesia: by fire and sword.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Jeff; Lewis, Belinda

    2017-01-01

    Natural disasters are inevitably the outcome of cultural agonisms. The cultural politics of natural disasters are shaped by competing claims and conceptions of 'nature'. Recent disasters in Indonesia are directly linked to these contending conceptions and the ways in which different social groups imagine risk and reward. The Sidoarjo volcanic mudflow of 2006 represents a volatile and violent exemplar of contending cultural and economic claims. Like other disasters in Indonesia and elsewhere in the developing world, this 'natural' disaster is characterised by differing conceptions of 'nature' as cultural tradition, divine force, and natural resource. A new extractive project in East Java is exhibiting similar economic and cultural agonisms, particularly around the notion of development, environment, self-determination, and tradition. This paper examines the 'disputes over meaning' associated with natural disasters in contemporary societies, and the ways in which they are related to human culture, social organisation, and hierarchical systems of violence. © 2017 The Author(s). Disasters © Overseas Development Institute, 2017.

  1. Femicide and colonization: between the politics of exclusion and the culture of control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shalhoub-Kervorkian, Nadera; Daher-Nashif, Suhad

    2013-03-01

    This article explores the murder of women and girls, which we name it Femicide, among the Palestinian community living in Israel. Specifically, it analyzes how the dialectic interrelationship between informal and formal legal-social systems constructs the murders of Palestinian women. The data revealed that femicide is a crime empowered by the wider context of colonization and the increasing spatial segregation of Palestinian communities. The study confirms the need to move beyond simplistic "cultural" explanations of femicide, and pay closer attention to the ways in which the structure, politics and economy of death function in colonized spaces and contexts.

  2. El discurso político de Santiago Carrillo durante la Transición. Aplicaciones metodológicas / The political discourse of Santiago Carrillo in the process of Democratic Transition. Methodological applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Pantoja Chaves

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Continuando con el análisis de los discursos de los líderes más importantes del proceso de Transición democrática en España, en esta entrega nos centramos en la trayectoria política de Santiago Carrillo y su liderazgo del comunismo en España. A diferencia del resto de los oradores analizados, su perfil no muestra ningún punto de inflexión que refuerce su discurso, más bien asiste a un declive continuo y progresivo, desde un discurso que equilibra dos posiciones contrarias ante un auditorio comprometido y agraciado por las palabras del orador, hasta presentar un perfil que reproduce el eclipse de la autoridad del líder comunista.Summary: Continuing with the analysis of the speeches of the most important leaders of the democratic transition process in Spain, in this installment we focus on the political trajectory of Santiago Carrillo and his leadership of communism in Spain. Unlike the rest of the speakers discussed, his profile shows no turning point to strengthen his speech, rather attends a continuous and progressive decline, from a speech that balances two opposing positions before an audience engaged and graced by the speaker's words, to present a profile that reproduces the eclipse of the communist leader's authority.

  3. Cultura Política, História Política e Historiografia * Political Culture, Political History and Historiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOSÉ HENRIQUE SONGOLANO NÉSPOLI

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O movimento de renovação da historiografia promovido pela 3ª geração dos Annales fez do conceito de cultura política a categoria central de uma nova história política. Segundo René Rémond, o conceito de cultura política é capaz de preencher todos os requisitos de cientificidade exigidos para a reabilitação do campo da política entre os historiadores, depois de um longo período de ostracismo em função do predomínio de uma história econômica e social. Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar a apropriação do conceito de cultura política pelos historiadores, tendo em vista compreender o papel desempenhado pelo conceito no processo de “retorno da História política”, bem como os rumos que o estudo da política veio a tomar entre os historiadores.Palavras-chave: Teoria da História; Cultura Política; Nova História Política; Historiografia. Abstract: The movement of renewal of historiography promoted by 3rd generation of Annales did the concept of political culture the central category of a new political history. According to Rene Rémond, the concept of political culture is able to meet all the requirements of scientificity required to rehabilitate the field of politics among historians, after a long period of ostracism due to the predominance of an economic and social history. This article aims to analyze the appropriation of the concept of political culture by historians in order to understand the role played by the concept of "return policy history" process as well as the direction the study of politics came to be taken among historians.Keywords: Theory of History; Political Culture; New Political History; Historiography.

  4. The Potential for Deliberative Democratic Civic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Jarrod S.; Howe, Ken

    2011-01-01

    The values of aggregative democracy have dominated much of civic education as its values reflect the realities of the American political system. We argue that deliberative democratic theory better addresses the moral and epistemological demands of democracy when compared to aggregative democracy. It better attends to protecting citizens' autonomy…

  5. Enduring politics: the culture of obstacles in legislating for assisted reproduction technologies in Ireland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jill Allison

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Assisted reproductive technology has become a normalized part of reproductive medicine in many countries around the world. Access, however, is uneven and inconsistent, facilitated and restricted by such factors as affordability, social and moral acceptance or refusal and local cultures of medical practice. In Ireland, assisted reproductive technology has been available since 1987 but remains unregulated by legislation. This creates an uncertain and untenable legal circumstance given the contested issues related to constitutional protection of the right to life of the unborn and the indeterminate legal status of embryos in vitro. This paper examines the impact of an enduring political impasse. It explores how clinical assisted reproductive technology services in Ireland operate both inside and outside dominant institutional frameworks, meeting a pronatalist and pro-family social and political agenda, while sometimes contradicting the pro-life politics that has continued to shape women’s reproductive lives. The medical approaches to infertility thus intersect with the ongoing debates around abortion, the failure of the government to regulate, and notions of embodied motherhood and responsibility within changing meanings of family and kinship. At the same time women and their partners seek assisted reproductive technology treatment in other countries throughout the European Union where laws differ and availability of services varies. A decade has passed since the Commission on Assisted Human Reproduction in Ireland released its recommendations; the enduring legislative vacuum leaves women, families and practitioners in potential legal limbo.

  6. The Cultural Politics of Mixed-Income Schools and Housing: A Racialized Discourse of Displacement, Exclusion, and Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipman, Pauline

    2009-01-01

    In this article, I examine the contested and racially coded cultural politics of creating mixed-income schools in mixed-income communities. Policymakers claim deconcentrating low-income people will reduce poverty and improve education. However, based on activist research in Chicago, I argue these policies are grounded in "culture of…

  7. Electoral Politics in Zimbabwe: Authoritarianism Versus the People

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sulaiman.adebowale

    2006-08-31

    Aug 31, 2006 ... John Makumbe is Senior Lecturer in Political Science at the University of. Zimbabwe, Harare ... Political violence also plays a major role in Zimbabwe's electoral politics. The chief perpetrators of ... Introduction. In democratic ...

  8. Features structuring image of Ukraine in socio-political and socio-cultural discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. O. Pocelujko

    2015-08-01

    Layers of socio-political discourse under defined-State officially and historically historiographical discourses. These discourses present the image of the state in the context of national history as the source, where by means of targeted public policy is formed and implemented state identity as the language of institutional communication. Images states that officially created in-state and historically historiographic discourses as a set of ethnic myths, frames, stereotypes intended to create mechanisms of perception and interpretation of the past of the country, used in educational policy as a tool for national identity with the corresponding identity discourse. Socio-cultural discourse and the corresponding image of the state is characterized by a strong plurality, conceptuality, multyparadyhmality. In the socio-cultural discourse is conceptualization image of the state as part of the living world as opposed to social and political discourse, in which the image of the state appears more like dogmatic ideological construct, which tends to uniqueness. In the scientific discourse in constructing the image of the state is dominated intellectual and conceptual component, while in the state mediadyskurs-image formed on the basis of emotional and social representations stained. Latest distributed in makroteksts designed to create appropriate social attitudes, sensatsion, mobilizing different social groups on a variety of events and more

  9. Broadening the Scope of Societal Change Research: Psychological, Cultural, and Political Impacts of Development Aid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Hansen

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available To date, the study of societal change in social and political psychology has been dominated by an intergroup relations research agenda. But in addition to intergroup dynamics, there are other major pathways to societal change and emancipation, which are almost never systematically considered in psychological research. The distribution of technologies (e.g., “ICT for development” or money (e.g., microcredits are among the supposed drivers of societal change. Many development aid projects are anchored in expectations about the effect that such instruments have on anticipated primary goals and the emancipation of particular groups (such as women. In the current paper, we begin by reviewing theories in the field of social change. Social psychological theories mainly address the conditions under which social change stimulated by intergroup dynamics is likely to occur, while other mainly historical and sociological research has focused on the role of different technologies as drivers of social change in history. Next, we review recent research focusing on the anticipated primary goals and (often unanticipated psychological and cultural changes resulting from development aid interventions, presenting two examples of such interventions in Ethiopia and Sri Lanka in more detail. We suggest that (1 development aid projects can instigate profound psychological and cultural change and (2 that the pathways to such changes are markedly different from those traditionally examined in the literature. At the political level, we reflect on the unanticipated side effects of development aid. We conclude with some recommendations for practice following from the research described.

  10. Preventing adolescent pregnancy: biological, social, cultural, and political influences on age at first sexual intercourse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pires, Raquel; Araújo-Pedrosa, Anabela; Pereira, Joana; Canavarro, Maria Cristina

    2014-08-01

    Age at first sexual intercourse (AFSI) is the initial factor related to adolescents' sexual life that may increase the risk of adolescent pregnancy. We explored the biological, social, cultural, and political predictors of AFSI addressing several gaps that prevent us from generalizing the results of past research to adolescent pregnancy prevention. We also explored the moderating effects of cultural variables on the links between social and political predictors and AFSI. Our sample consisted of 889 Portuguese female adolescents aged 12-19. Earlier age at menarche, non-intact family structure, maternal history of adolescent pregnancy, lower maternal emotional warmth, absence of religious involvement, and living in Portugal's mainland and in a legal context penalizing abortion predicted earlier AFSI. School attendance predicted earlier AFSI among adolescents of European ethnic origin; adolescents of non-European ethnic origin presented the opposite, but non-significant, pattern. These findings suggest that, in addition to isolated characteristics, factors from different ecological contexts should be considered when planning interventions designed to foster healthy and informed transitions to sexual initiation and prevent the related risks of unwanted outcomes. We discuss implications for future research and practice.

  11. Representação política e participação: reflexões sobre o déficit democrático Political representation and participation: reflection on the democratic deficit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Cristina Vitale Ramos Mendes

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa o instituto da representação política buscando identificar os limites e as possibilidades que oferece para o aprofundamento da democracia. A partir da reconstrução do debate político de fins do século 18, que introduz o princípio representativo como instrumento-chave para as democracias modernas, o texto levanta os principais argumentos favoráveis e contrários, problematizando as origens do instituto. Em seguida, contextualiza o debate no âmbito das sociedades contemporâneas, discutindo aspectos centrais que permeiam a qualidade da representação, como a vinculação e o controle dos representantes, o papel da deliberação pública e a relação com os mecanismos de democracia direta e semidireta. O artigo conclui que o déficit democrático, calcado na aplicação estrita da representação política, pode ser sanado com a combinação de institutos participativos, como o plebiscito, o referendo, a iniciativa popular de lei, os conselhos gestores de políticas públicas e o orçamento participativo.This article analyzes the institution of political representation seeking to identify the limits and possibilities that it offers to deepening democracy. Based on a reconstruction of the political debate of the late 18th century, which introduced the representative principle as a key tool for modern democracies, the text raises the principal arguments for and against representation and analyzes the origins of the institute. It then contextualizes the debate in contemporary societies by discussing central factors that permeate the quality of representation, such as the ties to and control of representatives, the role of public deliberation and the relationship with the mechanisms of direct and semidirect democracy. The article concludes that the democratic deficit, based on the close application of political representation, can be remedied with the combination of participative tools, such as the plebiscites

  12. Left or right? Sources of political orientation: the roles of genetic factors, cultural transmission, assortative mating, and personality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandler, Christian; Bleidorn, Wiebke; Riemann, Rainer

    2012-03-01

    In this study, we used an extended twin family design to investigate the influences of genetic and cultural transmission as well as different sources of nonrandom mating on 2 core aspects of political orientation: acceptance of inequality and rejecting system change. In addition, we studied the sources of phenotypic links between Big Five personality traits and political beliefs using self- and other reports. Data of 1,992 individuals (224 monozygotic and 166 dizygotic twin pairs, 92 unmatched twins, 530 spouses of twins, 268 fathers, and 322 mothers) were analyzed. Genetically informative analyses showed that political attitudes are genetically but not environmentally transmitted from parents to offspring and that a substantial proportion of this genetic variance can be accounted for by genetic variance in personality traits. Beyond genetic effects and genotypic assortative mating, generation-specific environmental sources act to increase twins' and spouses' resemblance in political beliefs. The results suggest multiple sources of political orientations in a modern democracy.

  13. Political Parties and Democracy in Haiti

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-06-01

    States continues its xv efforts to hold Haitian elites accountable to the ideals and rules of their democratic system in order for party system...schism between the ruling party and a democratic alternative that seeks political power outside of Haiti�s legitimate democratic system . Such actions...States should continue in its efforts to hold Haitian elites accountable to the ideals and rules of a democratic system . The repressive and corrupt

  14. Cultural politics: Linguistic identity and its role as gatekeeper in the science classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilton-Brown, Bryan Anthony

    This dissertation investigated how participation in the cultural practices of science classrooms creates intrapersonal conflict for ethnic minority students. Grounded in research perspectives of cultural anthropology, sociocultural studies of science education, and critical pedagogy, this study examined the cultural tensions encountered by minority students as they assimilate into the culture of the science classroom. Classroom interaction was viewed from the perspective of instructional congruence---the active incorporation of students' culture into science pedagogy. Ogbu's notion of "oppositional identity", Fordham's "fictive kinship", Bahktin's "antidialogics", and Freire's "critical consciousness" were brought together to examine how members of marginalized cultures develop non-normative behaviors as a means of cultural resistance. Choice of genre for public discourse was seen as a political act, representing students' own cultural affiliations. Conducted in a diverse Southern Californian high school with an annual population of over 3,900 students, this study merged ethnographic research, action research, and sociolinguistic discourse analysis. Post hoc analysis of videotaped classroom activities, focus group interviews, and samples of student work revealed students' discursive behavior to shift as a product of the context of their discursive exchanges. In whole class discussions students explained their understanding of complex phenomena to classmates, while in small group discussions they favored brief exchanges of group data. Four domains of discursive identities were identified: Opposition Status, Maintenance Status, Incorporation Status, and Proficiency Status. Students demonstrating Opposition Status avoided use of science discourse. Those students who demonstrated Maintenance Status were committed to maintaining their own discursive behavior. Incorporation Status students were characterized by an active attempt to incorporate science discourse into

  15. A toolbox for democratic and parcticipatory methods in education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolfschoten, G.L.

    2012-01-01

    With the trends in the use of social software and social media, a more informal and democratic online culture is developing, especially in younger generations. This culture is increasingly conflicting with traditional teaching styles. One of these trends involves the introduction of more democratic

  16. A toolbox for democratic and parcticipatory methods in education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolfschoten, G.L.

    2012-01-01

    With the trends in the use of social software and social media, a more informal and democratic online culture is developing, especially in younger generations. This culture is increasingly conflicting with traditional teaching styles. One of these trends involves the introduction of more democratic

  17. Relansarea proiectului de integrare europeană presupune o luptă politico-culturală cu ideologia neoliberală. Interviu cu Profesorul Angelo Chielli (The revival of the European integration project requires a political and cultural struggle with the neoliberal ideology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorin BOCANCEA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The conflicts within the European Union have always been and will always be purely political. The concentration of power in the hands of independent and supranational authorities leads to their removal from the control of the political institutions and democratic procedures. A revival of the European integration project could be based on a tough politico-cultural fight in a position to undermine the neoliberal ideology. Restarting the process of European integration cannot be the fruit of a ghostly economic recovery or stabilization of the balance states, but only as a result of a change in perspectives and objectives. To further be a viable project, the European Union needs some changes. Politically, it must be a question of political conflict recovery, reunification of alternative forces and proposing a different idea of Europe compared with that of the markets, specific to the neoliberalism. In the ideal contents plan, the concept of solidarity needs to be re-proposed, as a legal principle that allows the establishment of links outside those of family or community type. In this respect, solidarity is not only a guardianship, but even a direct exercise of freedoms.

  18. 论简爱中的性别文化%Cultural Politics of Gender in Jane Eyre of Charlotte Bronte

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小琳; 郝春静

    2011-01-01

    @@ This thesis attempts to provide an interpretation of Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre in terms of cultural politics of gender by exploring the ways in which Jane Eyre resists being an ideal image of womanhood and revolts the patriarchy of the Victorian Age.Cultural politics of gender refers both to the idea that gendered subjects are constructed in practices of power relations, and to the idea that the dominant male (patriarchy) ensures his power over the female Based on the idea of cultural politics of gender proposed by Jordan and Weedon and Foucault's idea of power, this thesis will explore the gender power relation in Charlotte Bronte's time and in her novel Jane Eyre.

  19. The Role of W.L. Mackenzie King in the Development of the Canadian Political Culture (Dedicated to His 140th Anniversary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sokov Ilya Anatolyevich

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The author of the article analyses the role of Canada’s Prime Minister W.L. Mackenzie King in the creation of the unique Canadian political culture. The basis for this political culture was represented not only by the British political system, the adopted ideology of English classical liberalism, but also the national historical and cultural traditions connected with one and a half century existence of two nations on the North American continent. The author confirms that the Liberal Party and Mackenzie King as its leader decided upon the wide modernization of the Canadian society in the conditions of the post-war reconstruction in 1920s. This process would have been impossible without the reorganization of the political culture. The change of political practice allowed the autonomy to obtain more rights and the sovereignty. That is why M. King held two posts during almost the whole period – as Prime Minister and as Minister of Foreign Affairs. This approach helped him to have significant influence on the external political aspect in the development of the Canadian political culture. The author of the article points the main seven directions in the political activity of Mackenzie King which contributed to the creation of the unique Canadian political culture. The author concludes that the influence of Mackenzie King on the creation of the Canadian political culture was crucial in the second half of the 20th Century.

  20. and political discourses in Zimbabwe

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the social, political and economic climate worsened in Zimbabwe, reli- gious and ... economic refugees within the Southern African region or further afield. Under ... Morgan Tsvangirai of the Movement for Democratic Change, one would.

  1. Children’s picturebook on sexual educationas a cultural and political medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Cackowska

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In my article I deal with a social construction of meanings of picturebooks’ content and form in Poland and abroad, so also with what kinds of discourses and ideologies determine the conditions of picturebooks’ production in societies under analysis. For the analysis I have chosen picturebooks which deal with sexual education. The methodology applied in the research consists mostly of content analysis and critical discourse analysis. The research is a part of a bigger collaborative project called “Discursive construction of subjectivity” financed by Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland, grant no. N 10702632/3637, and conducted at the University of Gdansk. I present, basing on the empirical material, the critique of the dominant discourse in Poland which is powerful in the production of picturebooks, which is based on the conservative ideology and social and sexual roles defined in stereotypical, hierarchical and heterosexual terms. In this aura discourses based on liberal or radical ideologies are marginalized.The results show the knowledge/power relations, symptoms of symbolic violence in exemplified discourses and explain to what practices of ideological and political control the subject is exposed. In this context a picturebook is seen as a meaningful cultural and political medium, within the content and form of which various (possible ideologies and conceptions of the child are included to or excluded from social environment, what can occur as a real issue for educational theory and practice.

  2. On Populist Pop Culture: Ethno as the Contemporary Political Ideology in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Šentevska

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to shift the debate of the contemporary facets of populist ideologies from the realm of institutional politics to the realm of everyday life, popular culture, media and “invented traditions”. My intention is to demonstrate how these realms generate new sources and voices of populism, often downplayed in the academic debates on the subject. The paper stems from comprehensive research on discourses of identity (reconstruction in post-Yugoslav Serbia as communicated in popcultural media forms (specifically, music videos of all genres, in which I used a sample of 4733 music videos produced between 1980 and 2010 (and later. In this paper, I have chosen to focus on the case of the charity campaign Podignimo Stupove and its music video output. The campaign was launched as a pop-cultural initiative to help the restoration of the 12th century monastery Đurđevi Stupovi in Stari Ras, a site of utmost historical significance and value for the national culture. Against the background of institutional changes that markedly redefined the place of religion in Serbian post-socialist society, the music videos discussed in this paper provide a valuable insight into the combined musical, textual and visual language of communication of some longstanding notions associated with “Serbian populism”.

  3. Beyond the "Cultural Turn": The Politics of Recognition versus the Politics of Redistribution in the Field of Intercultural Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zotzmann, Karin; Hernández-Zamora, Gregorio

    2013-01-01

    Since the 1980s the field of language teaching and learning has emphasised the interplay between language, culture and identity and promotes both communicative and intercultural competencies. This mirrors a general trend in the social sciences after the so-called "cultural turn" which brought about a concentration on culture, identity…

  4. Feministas en el Foro Feminists at the World Social Forum: challenges for a new political culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Celiberti

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available El articulo trata sobre la forma de incursión de expresiones significativas de la pluralidad feminista en el Foro Social Mundial expresa. Estas incursiones expresan los cambios en las subjetividades y en las estrategias de lucha que comienzan a desarrollar los movimientos feministas en particular y los movimientos sociales en general, en el marco de un mundo globalizado y en el nuevo milenio. Es un proceso inédito, que esta impulsando el desarrollo de nuevos paradigmas para la acción colectiva, que combina lo local y lo global, la interconexión de múltiples agendas y la recuperación de una dimensión mas profunda de la justicia económica, social, cultural y simbólica, ampliando, en este proceso, el concepto de la política, lo político y el poder. El articulo coloca en debate las formas de hacer política de los movimientos sociales que confluyen en el Foro - que arrastran viejas dinámicas y al mismo tiempo recrean los nuevos paradigmas - y que abren la posibilidad de reinventar un mapa emancipatorio y un imaginario social, capaz de competir con el consenso neoliberal y el pensamiento único, recuperando la diversidad y la pluralidad de sujet@s y actor@s sociales.The article deals with the ways of incursion of the feminist plurality's significant expressions in the World Social Forum. These incursions express the changes in the subjectivities and in strategies of struggle that feminist movements in particular and social movements in general begin to develop, in the frame of a globalised world and in the new millennium. It's an unprecedented process, that is promoting the development of new paradigms for collective action, that combines local and global issues, the interconnection of multiple agendas and the recovery of a more profound dimension of economic, social, cultural and symbolic justice, broadening, in this process, the concept of politics, the political and the power. The article sets discussion around the ways in which social

  5. Study on the Optimization of Network Cultural Environment of Contemporary Youth Political Participation%当代青年政治参与的网络文化环境优化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧庭宇

    2016-01-01

    青年政治参与是扩大公民有序参与政治领域和提高公共政策质量的重要环节,是我国政党建设和国家发展的一项重要战略。网络文化是一把“双刃剑”,它在为青年政治参与带来机遇的同时也带来了挑战。网络为青年赋予了平等的话语权与充分的发言权,增强了青年政治参与意识,推进了公共政策的科学化与民主化,提供了政治参与的多样化渠道,扩大了青年政治参与规模。同时,网络也加大了青年政治参与被误导的可能,消解了青年政治参与中的民族政治文化,侵蚀了青年政治参与的政治责任感,增加了青年与政府发生冲突的风险,加剧了青年政治参与的“群体极化”趋势。因此,应该从宏观和微观两个方面,对当代青年政治参与的网络文化环境进行优化。%Youth political participation is an important link in expanding citizen’s political participation field orderly and improving the quality of public policy. It’s also an important strategy about our party construction and national development. Network culture is a "double-edged sword", which brights opportunities and challenges for youth political participation. Network endows the youth with equal discourse right and sufficient floor, enhances the consciousness of youth political participation, promotes the scientific and democratic of public policy, provides the diversification of youth political participation ’s channels, expands the scale of youth political participation. At the same time, network increases the chance that youth political participation is misguided, dispels the national political culture of youth political participation, erodes the responsibility of youth political participation, increases the risk of conflict between youth and government, aggravates the trend of youth political participation ’s“group polarization”. Therefore, We should optimize the network culture

  6. Democratic contract law

    OpenAIRE

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the normative relationship between contract law and democracy. In particular, it argues that in order to be legitimate contract law needs to have a democratic basis. Private law is not different in this respect from public law. Thus, the first claim made in this article will be that also for contract law a democratic basis is a necessary condition for legitimacy. A fully democratic basis may also be a sufficient condition for a legitimate and just contract law. However,...

  7. The Impact of the New Nationalism and Identity Politics on Cultural Policy-Making In Europe and Beyond

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duelund, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Fuelled by factors such as globalisation, European integration and migration, there is evidence of a resurgence of nationalism in Europe and beyond. This trend is being increasingly revitalised in national and regional cultural policy-making, often linked to a new focus on politics of national...... identity. At worst a future scenario of Europe might be an internationalization of nationalism which tends to colonize art, culture and "the whole way of life". To change this cultural lens requires a new narrative of Europe. It requires scientific cultural research, knowledge and insight, if the ghosts...

  8. The Women's Studies Center--A Women's-Led NGO Deepening Democracy in Chile: Educating Women through Personal Empowerment and Political Agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Caroline

    This paper explores how the Women's Studies Center (Centro de Estudios de la Mujer, CEM), a feminist, women-led nongovernmental organization (NGO), is contributing to socio-cultural change in Chile 11 years after the country's democratic transition. CEM merges the theoretical and the practical, and the personal and the political through education…

  9. The Women's Studies Center--A Women's-Led NGO Deepening Democracy in Chile: Educating Women through Personal Empowerment and Political Agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Caroline

    This paper explores how the Women's Studies Center (Centro de Estudios de la Mujer, CEM), a feminist, women-led nongovernmental organization (NGO), is contributing to socio-cultural change in Chile 11 years after the country's democratic transition. CEM merges the theoretical and the practical, and the personal and the political through education…

  10. Análise Crítica Semiótica e Economia Política Cultural | Critical semiotic analysis and critical political economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bob Jessop

    2010-09-01

    Abstract This article defends the idea of a Cultural Political Economy – CPE, exploring the constitutive role of semiotics in economic and political activities and in the social order in general. This approach is post-disciplinary: it adopts the "cultural turn" in economic and political research, while not ignoring the articulation between semiotics and the interconnected materialities in economics and politics, within broader social formations. This approach is illustrated in the Knowledge-Based Economy – KBE as a master-discourse in accumulation strategies at different scales, state projects and hegemonic views, and diverse functional systems and professions, as well as in civil society. Keywords semiotics; economy and politics; cultural political economy; knowledge economy; cultural turn

  11. The Evolution of Chinese Graves at Burnaby's Ocean View Cemetery: From Stigmatized Purlieu to Political Adaptations and Cultural Identity

    OpenAIRE

    Guibord, Maurice Conrad

    2013-01-01

    This thesis analyzes the practice of racism against the Chinese community in Vancouver-area cemeteries, and how it was modified by trans-Pacific political and cultural forces. It shows how, at Burnaby's Ocean View cemetery, the Chinese community moved away from segregation in the burial place and progressed to burial designs that responded to its cultural and religious needs. It analyzes the abandonment by some Chinese immigrants of their tradition of disinterment and repatriation to China, w...

  12. Parenting Style as a Moderator of Effects of Political Violence: Cross-Cultural Comparison of Israeli Jewish and Arab Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slone, Michelle; Shechner, Tomer; Farah, Oula Khoury

    2012-01-01

    This study examined cross-cultural differences in the moderating function of authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive parenting styles for Jewish and Arab Israeli children exposed to political violence. Respondents were parents and children aged 10-11 from 94 families (42 Arab, 52 Jewish). Parents completed the Parenting Styles and Dimensions…

  13. Political, Economic, Socio-Cultural, and Educational Challenges of Administering a Sino-US Joint Venture Campus in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozturgut, Osman

    2008-01-01

    This qualitative study explored the political, economic, socio-cultural, and educational challenges of administering a Sino-U.S. joint-venture campus in the People's Republic of China. China American University (CAU) is an educational joint venture between China Investment Company (CIC) and American University (AU) in the U.S. that resulted in…

  14. Socio-Economic and Cultural Factors Influencing Access and Success of Women in Political Leadership in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaluyu, Veronicah

    2015-01-01

    In the 21st century, women and leadership have been a global topical issue, especially with countries trying to interpret and implement the millennium development goals, and with increased awareness of human rights. In Africa, political leadership among women has had its own challenges that range from social, cultural and even economic factors. In…

  15. Cultural Performance, Resource Flows and Passion in Politics: A Situational Analysis of an Election Rally in Western Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rap, E.R.

    2007-01-01

    This article contributes to a growing body of literature that questions state-centred approaches to analysing politics, adopting a more de-centred and cultural perspective. It does so by presenting a situational analysis and detailed ethnography of a local election rally in Western Mexico. The analy

  16. The Effects of Political Culture of Fear on Student Perceptions of Leadership in Student-Faculty Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed, Amin Marei Mosa

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of a political culture of fear and power distance on student perceptions regarding the leader-member exchange theory (LMX) relationship with faculty, and their perceptions of nature of leadership in Libyan business schools. 650 Faculty members and students from business school in seven Libyan…

  17. Parenting Style as a Moderator of Effects of Political Violence: Cross-Cultural Comparison of Israeli Jewish and Arab Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slone, Michelle; Shechner, Tomer; Farah, Oula Khoury

    2012-01-01

    This study examined cross-cultural differences in the moderating function of authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive parenting styles for Jewish and Arab Israeli children exposed to political violence. Respondents were parents and children aged 10-11 from 94 families (42 Arab, 52 Jewish). Parents completed the Parenting Styles and Dimensions…

  18. Cultural Performance, Resource Flows and Passion in Politics: A Situational Analysis of an Election Rally in Western Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rap, E.R.

    2007-01-01

    This article contributes to a growing body of literature that questions state-centred approaches to analysing politics, adopting a more de-centred and cultural perspective. It does so by presenting a situational analysis and detailed ethnography of a local election rally in Western Mexico. The

  19. Images of American Indians in Environmental Education: Anthropological Reflections on the Politics and History of Cultural Representation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willow, Anna J.

    2010-01-01

    For hundreds of years, North America's colonizers worked systematically to eradicate the indigenous cultural practices, religious beliefs, and autonomous political systems many venerate. This article illustrates that imperialist nostalgia underlies and directs portrayals of American Indians in environmental education today. Whether unconsciously…

  20. Narrated Political Theory: Theorizing Pop Culture in Dietmar Dath’s Novel Für immer in Honig

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georg Spitaler

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, debates on the relationship between pop culture and the political have transgressed academia and have even been prominent in pop (media discourses and texts, including pop literature. Amongst the contributions at the inter-section of art, theory and entertainment are the novels and essays by the German author Dietmar Dath. Taking the example of his novel Für immer in Honig (Berlin 2005/2008, it will be discussed how the book reloads and theorizes pop culture, and how a common cultural-theoretical narrative of de-politicized pop is challenged by the imaginative narratives of the novel. It will be argued that Dath’s references to affective ‘mattering maps’ of pop culture, that on the one hand tend to fall into the pitfalls of exclusive ‘pop sophis-tication’, nevertheless play a key role for his aesthetical/theoretical project of political emancipation, and that these references can be viewed as examples of why popular passions matter for the formation of political identities/subjectivities as well as for the production and reading of political theory.

  1. Woodland restoration in Scotland: ecology, history, culture, economics, politics and change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobbs, Richard

    2009-07-01

    In the latter half of the 20th century, native pine woodlands in Scotland were restricted to small remnant areas within which there was little regeneration. These woodlands are important from a conservation perspective and are habitat for numerous species of conservation concern. Recent developments have seen a large increase in interest in woodland restoration and a dramatic increase in regeneration and woodland spread. The proximate factor enabling this regeneration is a reduction in grazing pressure from sheep and, particularly, deer. However, this has only been possible as a result of a complex interplay between ecological, political and socio-economic factors. We are currently seeing the decline of land management practices instituted 150-200 years ago, changes in land ownership patterns, cultural revival, and changes in societal perceptions of the Scottish landscape. These all feed into the current move to return large areas of the Scottish Highlands to tree cover. I emphasize the need to consider restoration in a multidisciplinary framework which accounts not just for the ecology involved but also the historical and cultural context.

  2. Epics, popular culture and politics in a modern work of art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidija Merenik

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available “Death in Dallas” is a video-installation by Zoran Naskovski comprised of a visual documentary material connected to the assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the president of the USA and materials about his public and private life; b a soundtrack comprised of a poem accompanied by gusle by Jozo Karamatić with decasyllabic lyrics “Death in Dallas” by Božo Lasić. The unexpected and strange combo birthed a work of art which contains different layers of meaning and one of the most complete postmodern works of art in Serbian modern art. Naskovski had combined the seemingly incompatible codes of popular culture into a specific artistic method of its own genre – “Balkan noise”. Using the method of “noise” music, in which every noise, soundscape or voice has equal meaning and value; he included epics, tradition, politics, popular and folk culture. Finally, by doing so he had completely shifted the paradigm from modern to postmodern, from the substance of myth to a demystification of this type of representation.

  3. Cultural corporatism and the COC: gay and lesbian social movement advocacy in the Netherlands and Dutch political culture, 1986-1994

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Davidson, R.J.

    2015-01-01

    Debates on gay and lesbian advocacy in the Netherlands have often revolved around the role of the political culture of pillarisation in facilitating or hindering the gay and lesbian (GL) social movement. Pillarisation ended, however, just as the GL movement was beginning to gain momentum. In this ar

  4. Reconfiguring Ethiopia: The Politics of Authoritarian Reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    reconfigured Ethiopian society and state in the past two decades. Yet, as the contributors to this volume demonstrate, ‘democracy’ in Ethiopia has not changed the authority structures and the culture of centralist decision-making of the past. The political system is tightly engineered and controlled from top...... to bottom by the ruling Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). Navigating between its 1991 announcements to democratise the country and its aversion to power-sharing, the EPRDF has established a de facto one-party state that enjoys considerable international support. This ruling party...

  5. Heritability in political interest and efficacy across cultures: Denmark and the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klemmensen, Robert; Hatemi, Peter K; Hobolt, Sara B; Skytthe, Axel; Nørgaard, Asbjørn S

    2012-02-01

    Interest in politics is important for a host of political behaviors and beliefs. Yet little is known about where political interest comes from. Most studies exploring the source of political interest focus on parental influences, economic status, and opportunity. Here, we investigate an alternative source: genetic transmission. Using two twin samples, one drawn from Denmark and the other from USA, we find that there is a high degree of heritability in political interest. Furthermore, we show that interest in politics and political efficacy share the same underlying, latent genetic factor. These findings add to the growing body of literature that documents political behaviors and attitudes as not simply the result of socialization, but also as part of an individual's genetically informed disposition.

  6. Seeking the Soul of Democracy: A Review of Recent Research into Citizens' Political Talk Culture

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Schmitt‐Beck, Rüdiger; Lup, Oana

    2013-01-01

    ... that served as intellectual inspirations. The article discusses conceptual and methodological issues of research into interpersonal political communication and presents key findings with regard to the background and consequences of political...

  7. Thinking about Teaching Module Settings of Political Culture%关于《政治文化学》教学模块设置的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张钦朋

    2014-01-01

    Political culture is an important course in the nature of cross subject in universities of political science and public administration. Teaching module settings of political culture include five aspects: The basic theory of political culture, classics of political culture, comparing between Chinese and Western traditional political culture, relationship between political culture and po-litical system, the construction of political culture of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. Teaching of political culture can make students master the basic theory of political culture, compare differences between Chinese and Western political culture, make clear the relationship between political culture and political system, and grasp the laws of the construction of political culture of Socialism with Chinese characteristics.%《政治文化学》是高校政治学与行政学本科专业课程设置中的一门具有交叉学科性质的重要课程。《政治文化学》的教学模块设置可以包括五大方面:政治文化基本理论模块、政治文化经典著作选读模块、中西传统政治文化比较模块、政治文化与政治制度关系模块、中国特色社会主义政治文化建设模块。通过《政治文化学》的教学可以使大学生掌握政治文化的基本理论,比较中西政治文化的发展差异,弄清政治文化与政治制度之间的复杂关系,深入把握中国特色社会主义政治文化建设的规律。

  8. 牟宗三民主思想探析%The Study of Mou Zongsan's view on Democratic Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永灿

    2011-01-01

    How to develop the Democratic politics from traditional Chinese theories of in-sageness and realizing the modernization of Chinese Politics is one of the important problems thought by Mu Zongsan.China has no Democratic politics,why? Basically speaking,only the rational is applied in the traditional Chinese Culture,however,the frame of rational is lack.In fact,there isn't any opposite in Chinese class.The relationship between emperor and people is not opposition but subjection.Therefore,to achieve the Democratic Politics of modern society,on the policies aspect,use laws to build political frame and realize the constitutional democracy;on the cultural aspect,using traditional Chinese Doctrine of Innate knowledge is to develop the democratic sense by conscience hindrance.%如何由中国传统的内圣之学开转出近代的民主政治,实现中国政治现代化,一直是牟宗三先生思考的重要问题之一。中国为什么没有民主政治?从根本上讲,中国传统文化中只有理性之运用,而缺乏理性之架构;从现实性上讲,中国没有阶级对立,君与民是隶属关系,而不是对列关系。因此,要实现近代意义上的民主政治,从制度层面上,利用法制来建立政治架构,实现"宪政民主";从文化层面上,以中国传统文化当中的良知学说,通过"自我坎陷"开转出民主意识。

  9. 我国公民文化现状及对策研究%On Status and Countermeasures of Citizen Culture in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐伟明; 何燕

    2011-01-01

    公民文化是一种较为平衡的政治取向,是民主政治的文化基础。转型期,我国公民政治意识在政治现代化过程中呈现消极的现象,不同程度地影响和制约着中国民主政治的进程。因此,培育公民文化显得尤为重要。%Citizen culture is a kind of relatively balanced political situation and the cultural foundation of democratic politics.During transitional period,the civil political consciousness in the process of political modernization turns out to be negative,which influences and restricts the process of China's democratic politics to different degree.Therefore,the cultivation of citizen culture is particularly important.

  10. Institutional Design and Formal Autonomy: Political versus Historical and Cultural Explanations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yesilkagit, A.K.; Christensen, J.

    2010-01-01

    This article tests two competing hypotheses in the study of the institutional design of regulatory agencies. Political explanations consider the degree of institutional design of regulatory agencies as a function of political factors, such as the degree of policy conflict and political uncertainty.

  11. Liberalist Variation in Taiwan: Four Democratization Orientations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hung-jen Wang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I analyse how Taiwanese liberalist scholars have discursively and operationally shaped the meanings of Taiwanese democratization via a mix of liberal values and nationalist concerns. I will argue that a valid understanding of democratization in Taiwan has never emerged in a way that adequately responds to a liberalist perspective of the country’s ongoing political development. Instead, such an understanding has been subjectively influenced by liberal intellectuals writing on the subject. In other words, current discourses in Taiwan represent efforts on the part of scholars to manage connections between liberalist values and nationalist concerns rather than shared views regarding facts emerging from Taiwanese democratization. In this paper I discuss four types of liberalist orientations to Taiwanese democratization – universal, moderate, pragmatic and nationalist – in the contexts of national-identity constraints, a balance between liberal values and national identity, and flexibility regarding liberalist and nationalist concerns. I conclude that democratization research in Taiwan reflects an aspect of knowledge production formulated by the relationship between the researcher and the subject under study.

  12. READING A COLONIAL BUREAU: THE POLITICS OF CULTURAL INVESTIGATION OF THE NON-CHRISTIAN FILIPINOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Jane B Rodriguez

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Ethnography, as a scientific method of describing people, played a significant role in the policy of integration undertaken by the newly established American colonial government as regards the non-Christian population of the Philippines in the early 1900s. Such an assertion requires an interrogation of the colonial institution, the Bureau of Non-Christian Tribes, which was tasked, among other things, to conduct “special investigation” of the different ethnic groups (“pagans” and “Mohammedans” living in the far-flung areas of the archipelago. This paper underscores the politics of ethnological research of the Bureau, and critiques its methodology using David Prescott Barrows’ guidelines for fieldworkers as a lens through which to examine the conduct of research. It analyzes the implications of the racialized methodology for the colonial policy of the United States towards the Philippines, and attempts to explore how such investigation, with the colonial knowledge that it produced, was translated into the native discourse.In its dual capacity as an agent of science and advocate of change, the Bureau of Non-Christian Tribes stands in history as the precursor of the Philippine government agencies that established a highly contested policy of integration of the so-called “ethnic minorities” into the main body politic. The ‘expert knowledge’ that it produced was deemed instrumental in the material and moral uplift of colonial subjects, particularly the non-Christians. The “scientific expeditions” of the bureau generated data which eventually formed the corpus of knowledge for state legislation concerning the newly colonized peoples. However, the bureau advanced notions of racial typologies derived from the assumption of Western civilization as a standard for cultural evolution. Far from its professed agenda, the bureau also created artificial and heightened ethnic differences among Filipinos that easily translated into

  13. POLITICAL SPACE OF MOUNTAINOUS DAGESTAN: ETHNO-CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL PRECONDITIONS OF FORMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raisat B. MAGOMEDRASULOVА

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the historical and ethno-cultural preconditions of formation of the unified political space of the Republic of Dagestan, in the light of the existence of two models of the stratification system in the Republic connected with the territorial specifics of the region and its peoples. The first model is characterized as a "mountain", the formation of which was influenced by the collective forms of power on the basis of historically established norms of customary law. The second model stratification in Dagestan, known as "lowland", the historical specificity of formation of which is associated with the dominance of personal power, which was subordinate to the dependent population. Any attempt a systematic and comprehensive study of Dagestan is based on the assumption of the unity and integrity of the process of its historical development. The unity of this entity involves an empirical proximity, similarity, analogy of forms of life and consciousness of its peoples. Primary role in the formation of a holistic image of the Dagestan society with its socio-political space played national-ethnic self-determination. In the mountainous Dagestan historically specific system of social relations, this became the basis for a special form of power, which had not personified and collective nature.

  14. Representation as the Core of Democratic Politics---An Analysis of Claude Lefort ’ s Theory of Political Representation%代表制作为民主政治的核心--克劳德·勒弗的政治代表理论探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段德敏

    2015-01-01

    The role of representation in modern democracy has been an issue of debate for a very long time.Some argue that representation constitutes a restraint on democracy , while others believe that representa-tion has an intrinsic value in modern democracy .In this regard , Claude lefort offers a new and insightful per-spective .Lefort’ s theory starts with analysis of the representative relationship between revolutionary party and the people .Then he explores the representative nature of political power in depth .On the basis of this , he ar-gues that competitive representation is what distinguishes modern democratic politics from totalitarianism .It is on this point that Lefort makes one of the greatest contributions to our understanding of political representation in modern politics .%代表制是现代民主政治中的重要一环,但理论界对代表制的态度却大相径庭,既有观点认为代表制限制了民主,也有观点认为代表制在民主政治中具有内在的、不可替代的价值。法国当代政治哲学家克劳德·勒弗( Claude Lefort )为这一讨论提供了新的视角。勒弗从政治人类学的角度分析政治权力本身所包含的代表维度,认为代表与被代表之间的距离正是权力的基础所在。由此,勒弗认为现代民主政治中的代表机制,代表与被代表之间距离的可见性成为现代民主政治的核心特征,并构成开放的民主社会与极权主义社会之间的关键区别。代表制不仅是民主政治之必要,更是其核心,这正是勒弗政治代表理论的最重要贡献。

  15. Social and Ideological Basis for Contemporary Chinese Democratic Political Construction---Based on Rawls Justice Theory%论中国当代民主政治建设的社会思想基础--以罗尔斯的正义理论为借镜

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李阳春

    2014-01-01

    Based on taking Rawls justice theory for reference, this paper discusses the social and ideolog-ical basis for contemporary Chinese democratic political construction.Firstly, the construction of democratic politics requires top system design, taking fairness and justice as the basic value orientation of political reform and the design target, based on which to carry out the reform plan and system.A key issue is to handle the re-lationship between procedural justice and substantive justice, and the procedural justice should be put on a more important position.Secondly, with the premise of the practical rationality in institutional choice, the con-struction of democratic politics in China basically is an idea problem.Public rationality and further overlapping consensus should be formed on fairness and justice.Thirdly, this paper citizens should take the responsibilities and obligations of the basic social structure and the political system, economic system and social system.The social citizens’ civilization and political moral are correspondingly required to construct the justice of social system.%文章以罗尔斯的正义理论为参照,将公平正义作为政治改革的基本价值取向和目标,进行民主政治建设的顶层制度设计,其中关键的问题是处理好程序正义与实质正义的关系,要把程序正义放在更加重要的位置。当然,中国民主政治建设从根本上说还是观念问题,需要在公平正义上形成公共理性,达成重叠共识。最后在社会基本结构及其政治制度、经济制度和社会制度层面,还是需要由社会中的公民去承担其责任和义务。因而社会制度的正义性建构,对社会公民的文明素养和政治道德也提出了相应的要求。

  16. Democratization and Transitional Justice in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Paula NASCIMENTO ARAUJO

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Brazil experienced a long process of political transition featured by an intense game of political and social forces, in which different actors with different democratization projects clashed. Despite the leadership of the transition process have been in the hands of conservative elites linked to the military dictatorship, broad sectors of the oposition and of the lefts, as well as representants of social movements, disputed the transitional space and expanded the initial design of the regime. This long transition —marked by negotiations, frustrations and resilience— reflected on the transitional justice model adopted by the country. Almost 30 years after the end of military dictatorship, the Truth Commission established by President Dilma Rousseff in 2012, drew attention to issues related to memory, justice and reparation and showed that the democratization process, in some respects, is still incloncluded. This article aims to restore this historical process highlighting some of its characteristics and specificities.

  17. Politics and care: a study of Czech Americans within Leininger's theory of culture care diversity and universality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, J

    1997-01-01

    The domain of inquiry for this study was the influence of the American political environmental context on professional and generic care patterns, expressions, and meanings of Czech American immigrants. The purpose of the research was to document, describe, interpret, and analyze the diversities and universalities of professional and generic care for this cultural group, to provide culturally congruent care to Czech Americans, and to explicate the role of politics as an influence on care patterns, health, and well being. The researcher's former transcultural ethnonursing study in Prague, Czechoslovakia in 1991 served as a stimulus for this in-depth study on politics and care. Twelve key and twenty general informants were interviewed. Five major themes were identified. The researcher discovered that the capitalist economic market structure of the United States influenced informant lifeways in all dimensions of Leininger's Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality, as depicted in the Sunrise Model. Specific care patterns discovered included care as choice, care as responsibility, and care as helping each other. Findings related to professional and generic care supported researcher predictions that generic culture care patterns would be important to immigrants. Provisions for culturally congruent nursing care were articulated based on research findings.

  18. Trade union activity, cultural, public and political life of Krasnoyarsk Polytechnic Institute in the second half of 1950s–1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrik Valeriy V.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Basing on rich documentary, the article studies the activity of the trade union organization in Krasnoyarsk Polytechnic Institute and the impact the trade union had on the cultural, public and political life of the Institute in the second half of the 1950s-1980s. The activity is stated to be held in different forms and areas: amateur arts, propaganda, wall-newspaper and house magazine, vigilant groups, University of Culture, student club, lecturing agitation group, student construction brigades, department, groups and hostels competitions. The authors come to the conclusion that involving students and faculty members into cultural, public and political life added greatly to fostering the future engineers as it took them less time to adapt to the team-spirited workforce after graduating from the higher educational establishment. The article is intended for the people interested in history of higher education in Siberia and Russia.

  19. Conference Essay: Combat-Related Killings and Democratic Accountability: Towards an Understanding of the Cultural Capacities to Deal with Matters of War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Kolanoski

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This report was written by the organizers of the workshop "Accounting for Combat-Related Killings," which took place at the Goethe University Frankfurt in July 2014. Scholars from Israel, the United Kingdom, the United States,, Canada, and Germany came together to present and discuss case studies on the discourse practices involved in accounting for combat-related killings in different national and transnational contexts. Intending to reflect on the methodological skills needed to analyze newly available process data, the workshop brought together scholars using different methodological approaches (here mainly ethnomethodology and critical discourse analysis. In regard to the global trend towards increasing numbers of so called permanent, asymmetric, small, and permanent wars, the report turns to concepts, methods, and empirical findings that foster understandings of the difficulties war generates at social, cultural and political levels as well as the manner in which these predicaments are negotiated, denied, or deflected. The report summarizes the workshop by presenting the papers in a specific order, beginning with accounting in combat, followed by tribunals of accounting, and finally the sedimentation of accounting in cultural representations. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1502239

  20. People Should Be Masters in Both Political and Cultural Areas: Toward a New “Free Speech Clause” in China

    OpenAIRE

    Zuo, Yilu

    2016-01-01

    This article tries to challenge—more accurately, to supplement—the “politico-centered” view in understanding China’s free speech. Unlike the conventional view that only treats Article 35 as China’s free speech clause and mainly focuses on political speech, this article argues that China’s “free speech clause” includes not one, but three articles: 35, 41 and 47. While Articles 35 and 41 guarantee the right to political speech, Article 47 explicitly safeguards citizens’ right to cultural constr...

  1. Democrats and republicans can be differentiated from their faces.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas O Rule

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Individuals' faces communicate a great deal of information about them. Although some of this information tends to be perceptually obvious (such as race and sex, much of it is perceptually ambiguous, without clear or obvious visual cues. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we found that individuals' political affiliations could be accurately discerned from their faces. In Study 1, perceivers were able to accurately distinguish whether U.S. Senate candidates were either Democrats or Republicans based on photos of their faces. Study 2 showed that these effects extended to Democrat and Republican college students, based on their senior yearbook photos. Study 3 then showed that these judgments were related to differences in perceived traits among the Democrat and Republican faces. Republicans were perceived as more powerful than Democrats. Moreover, as individual targets were perceived to be more powerful, they were more likely to be perceived as Republicans by others. Similarly, as individual targets were perceived to be warmer, they were more likely to be perceived as Democrats. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These data suggest that perceivers' beliefs about who is a Democrat and Republican may be based on perceptions of traits stereotypically associated with the two political parties and that, indeed, the guidance of these stereotypes may lead to categorizations of others' political affiliations at rates significantly more accurate than chance guessing.

  2. Rising India: The Political and Economic Effects on the Future of Nepal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-11

    Democratic System ............................................................................. 68...which ended the thirty years of autocratic political system, and introduced the multiparty democratic system in Nepal. During this time, the king had...diplomatic influence will shape the democratic system of the Himalayan Republic. New Delhi’s involvement in the political system of its tiny

  3. Theoretical bases of formation of political consciousness of the citizens of Ukraine - as the actual direction of the development of the mainstreaming political sociology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. U. Kublik

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Analyzing the political life through political ideology and political culture should pay attention to political consciousness, which presents set of theoretical positions, views, opinions, attitudes, values orientation, etc. that are implemented in the process of implementing functions of political power. Because postulates political ideology are implemented using some mechanism, election campaigns and public opinion, their analysis is undoubtedly one of the major directions of political sociology. At the present stage of creation of the state of Ukraine, formation of the Institute of civil society is important to the study of the mechanism of formation of political consciousness of the nation. On the state of political consciousness influenced by processes not only within the country but also in the international arena. The growing interdependence of countries and peoples, General threat to the existence of humans and the General difficulties on the path of human progress lead to the «globalization» of all the forms of public consciousness, including political. A shift from confrontation to mutual understanding and cooperation means considerable changes in the political consciousness and politics subjects of international cooperation. These are not only the state but also directly peoples, peace­loving democratic mass movements, people of good will on all continents. Consolidation of their efforts is able to resist all forms of hegemony and dictates, any policy which is conducted from a position of strength.

  4. Research Status on Chinese Traditional Political Culture%我国政治文化传统性的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静

    2013-01-01

    The political culture is an important dimension of political science research. To research a country's political culture is helpful to know its people's psychological accumulation and the way of thinking in the process of political development. China's political culture research began in the late 1980’s. Among them, a research focus lies in the features and trend of Chinese traditional political culture. The essence of traditional political culture has been constantly enriched and developed, and the traditional political culture will become the spirit banner in social development.%  政治文化是政治学研究的一个重要维度。研究一国的政治文化有助于认识该国在政治发展进程中民众的心理积淀和思维方式。我国的政治文化研究发轫于20世纪80年代末。其中,传统政治文化的特性和走向是研究的一个焦点。不断丰富和发展传统政治文化中的精华,使传统政治文化成为助力社会发展的一面精神旗帜。

  5. The Long-Term Impact of High School Civics Curricula on Political Knowledge, Democratic Attitudes and Civic Behaviors: A Multi-Level Model of Direct and Mediated Effects through Communication. CIRCLE Working Paper #65

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchens, Myiah J.; Eveland, William P., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    This report examines the effects of exposure to various elements of a civics curriculum on civic participation, two forms of political knowledge, internal political efficacy, political cynicism, news elaboration, discussion elaboration and various forms of interpersonal and mediated political communication behaviors. The data are based on a…

  6. PRINCIPLES AND FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikola Vojvodić

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the modern democratic society the politics is considered to be a skill of governing, that is, conquering and maintaining the political governance and the inevitable activity in all spheres of human activities. In the sense of negotiations the contemporary politics is "the maximal in the sphere of the possible", when, in a terrible struggle using arguments and other democratic means, one comes from the maximalistic request to the solution acceptable for both sides. Political activities would mean putting every political subject in the function of the efficient and economical satisfaction of the political needs and desires, aspirations and volitions of the political public. If the political scene is represented by the free market of political ideas, then there could be established the strategy of sensible and responsible managing in the political structures of the community, which is based on the previously researched and familiar expectations of the political public.

  7. A cultura política em Porto Alegre e Curitiba: democracia, modernização e o conteúdo da razão pública Political culture in Porto Alegre and Curitiba: democracy, modernization and the content of public reason

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo J. Krischke

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo compara certas características básicas da cultura política nas cidades de Curitiba e Porto Alegre, analisando as suas diferenças e convergências como formas locais complementares de manifestação da conquista da cidadania, em distintos contextos histórico-sociais, durante o processo de democratização da esfera pública. Este trabalho se opõe aos estudos empíricos convencionais da cultura política, inspirados nas teorias da modernização, argumentando contra o viés determinista desses estudos, e os procedimentos de hipergeneralização por eles geralmente adotados. O estudo argumenta por uma abordagem que retrate e interprete o pluralismo constitutivo da cultura política, expresso no exercício da cidadania durante os processos de democratização.This is a comparative study of certain basic characteristics of political culture in the cities of Curitiba and Porto Alegre, analizing their diversity and convergence as local complementary forms of the constitution of citizenship. These differences are related to their socio-historical context during the processes of democratization of the public sphere. This work argues against the usual deterministic bias and over-generalization procedures of conventional empirical studies of political culture oriented by modernization theories. The present study argues for an approach that portrays and interprets the pluralistic constitution of political culture expressed through the exercise of citizenship during the processes of democratization.

  8. The Political Parties as Organisations of Representation of the Political Rights of Individuals in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klajdi Mone

    2014-01-01

    The development of political parties in Albania has passed in two stages in the communist system where only one party was known and in the democratic system where was recognized political pluralism. Highlighting the role of political parties, as an important promoter of the functioning of state and of the coverage of the political rights of individuals, makes this study important.

  9. Cultural politics and masculinities: multiple-partners in historical perspective in KwaZulu-Natal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Mark

    2005-05-01

    Drawing from ethnographic, archival and secondary research, this article examines multiple-sexual partners in historical perspective in KwaZulu-Natal, a South Africa province where one in three people are thought to be HIV positive. Research on masculinities, multiple partners, and AIDS has been predominantly directed towards the present day. This article stresses the importance of unraveling the antecedents of contemporary masculinities particularly the gendered cultural politics through which they have been produced. Arguing against dominant conceptions of African masculinity as being innate or static, it charts the rise and fall of the isoka, the Zulu man with multiple-sexual partners, over the last century. Showing how the isoka developed through changing conditions occasioned by capitalism, migrant labor and Christianity, it contends that an important turning point took place from the 1970s when high unemployment threatened previous expressions of manliness, notably marriage, settings up an independent household and becoming umnumzana (a household head). The high value placed on men seeking multiple-partners increasingly filled the void left by men's inability to become men through previous means. Turning to the contemporary period, the articles argues that, shaken by the huge AIDS deaths, men are betraying increasing doubts about the isoka masculinity.

  10. Seismic microzonation in Latin America and the Caribbean: social, cultural, economic and political aspects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murria, J.

    2009-04-01

    The lack of success, not to say failure, of seismic microzonation projects in the Latin America and Caribbean nations-and for that matter elsewhere in the world-should not be attributed to the lack of technical and scientific expertise of our engineers and scientists as there exists in our continent sufficient knowledge and information about the techniques and procedures that have been successfully used elsewhere in the world in the implementation of seismic microzonation projects. The main constrains to the implementation of seismic microzonation projects in Latin America and the Caribbean are of an economic, social, political, and cultural aspects rather than the purely scientific and engineering aspects. Another very important factor contributing to this lack of success has been the apparent failure of the scientific and technical community to convince decision makers (both official and private) that the sound implementation of seismic microzonation projects are a valid instrument to mitigate the negative effects that earthquakes have on the population, on the physical infrastructure and on the environment. An attempt will be made in this paper to analyze these "non technical" aspects and try to arrive at some conclusions as well as to some possible lines of action for the successful implementation of seismic microzonation projects in the seismic risk prone Latin American and Caribbean nations.

  11. Beyond the Corporate University: Culture and Pedagogy in the New Millennium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giroux, Henry A., Ed.; Myrsiades, Kostas, Ed.

    The chapters in this collection show how and why the critical functions of democratically informed civic education must become the core of the universitys mission. Part 1, "Higher Education and the Politics of Corporate Culture," contains; (1) "Franchising the University" (Jeffrey J. Williams); (2) "Vocationalizing Higher Education: Schooling and…

  12. The Democratic Invention. A Reading of Lefort.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matías Sirczuk

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I will present the way in which Lefort interprets modern democracy as a new form of society in regard to the sources of law and legitimacy. Lefort is a thinker who is difficult to place within the context of contemporary political theory: he not only defends democracy against Marxism but also thinks that this form of society cannot be circumscribed within the limits of the modern state, nor be understood through the categories that the tradition of political philosophy has developed to distinguish between political regimes. Lefort combines the defense of democracy with a radical critique of the established order. He identifies the democratic invention with the institution of a dynamic that makes, by right, the radical questioning of law the source of political legitimacy.

  13. Non-Discrimination and Equality in the Right of Political Participation for Minorities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven Wheatley

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Non-discrimination in the right of political participation is essential for the protection of the interests of all minority groups-both minorities by force and minorities by will. This article considers some of the measures necessary to ensure effective participation by minorities in the deliberative and decision-making processes of the democratic state. For minorities by will, what the author calls ethno-cultural minorities, the right of political participation, within a deliberative understanding of democratic government, also implies the need to introduce special measures, including where necessary the introduction of autonomy regimes, to protect and promote the minority culture. The author then goes on to examine this proposition in the second half of the article, paying particular attention to the provisions set out in the 'Lund Recommendations' on Effective Participation of National Minorities in Public Life.

  14. Politics of Inclusion and Empowerment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, John; Siim, Birte

    2004-01-01

    identities. Politics of empowerment has to do with the agency and mobilisation dimension of social and political change. The title of the book "Politics of Inclusion and Empowerment" address the leitmotiv: namely to discuss plussumgame between politics of inclusion and politics of empowerment......The objective of the book is to analyse different politics of inclusion and empowerment and the different paradigms of inclusion/exclusion in order to underline the close link between politics of scoial equality and politics of recognition of ciultural difference. Politics of inclusion is thus...... theproductive/innovative linkage of politics of redistributuin and politics og resognition, whnich over a longer time span creates sustainable paths of democratic and social development, which increases the capacity to handle both conflicts about economic resources and life-chances and conflicts about...

  15. 加强党内基层民主建设推动国有企业政治优势转化%Strengthening Inner-party Democratic Construction at the Grassroots Level and Promoting the Political Advantage Transformation of State-owned Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏学津

    2014-01-01

    It is the fundamental requirement to strengthen inner-party democratic construction at the grassroots level so as to give full play to the political core role of Party organizations in state-owned enterprises ,and keep the correct development direction of enterprises ;it is also the objective requirement to promote the harmony of state-owned enterprises by inner-par-ty harmony .The Party member desire expression platform and the carrier should be built to strengthen inner-party democrat-ic construction at the grassroots level and promote the political advantage transformation of state-owned enterprises ;The e-lectoral system should be further improved and the inner-party electoral democracy ranges expanded;the electoral procedure should be regulated to respect and represent the will of the electors ;measures should be taken to establish and perfect other systems matching the inner-party election system .%加强党内基层民主建设,是充分发挥国有企业党组织政治核心作用,始终保持企业正确发展方向的根本要求;是国有企业以党内和谐促进企业和谐的客观要求。加强党内基层民主建设,推动国有企业政治优势转化,可采取搭建党员意愿表达平台和载体;进一步完善选举制度,不断扩大党内选举的民主范围;规范尊重和体现选举人意志的选举程序;建立健全与党内选举制度相配套的制度等措施。

  16. Cultural competence and evidence-based practice in mental health: epistemic communities and the politics of pluralism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirmayer, Laurence J

    2012-07-01

    Evidence-based practice (EBP) and cultural competence (CC) aim to improve the effectiveness of mental health care for diverse populations. However, there are basic tensions between these approaches. The evidence that purports to ground EBP is limited, often in ways that are biased by specific disciplinary, economic or political interests and cultural assumptions. In particular, the paucity of evidence regarding cultural minorities results in standard practices based on data from the majority population that have uncertain relevance for specific cultural groups. As well, research evidence about intervention outcomes tends to focus on individual symptoms and behaviors and may not reflect culturally relevant outcomes. To some extent, these limitations can be addressed by refining and extending current methods of evidence production. However, consideration of culture raises two deeper problems for EBP: 1) The diagnostic and conceptual frameworks used to pose questions, devise interventions, and determine outcomes in EBP are themselves culturally determined and therefore potentially biased or inappropriate; and 2) Cultural communities may have "ways of knowing" that do not rely on the kinds of observational and experimental measures and methods that characterize EBP. Attention to the nature of clinical evidence and to the importance of cultural context in illness and healing can help both EBP and CC move beyond their current limitations and contribute to the evolution of mental health services that respond effectively to cultural diversity. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Educación para la ciudadanía democrática en la cultura digital Education for Democratic Citizenship in a Digital Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicent Gozálvez Pérez

    2011-03-01

    . The Greek dream of «isegoria», everyone’s right to speak, can become a reality in a digital culture, yet the highly selective use of communication technology can have the opposite effect: new forms of socialization can contribute to the expansion of «echo chambers» or «digital niches», shrinking communication spaces in which the right to speak dissociates itself from the responsibility to listen critically to what arises from a more open, plural and public sphere. One of the goals of education in a digital culture is precisely to diminish this trend that authors such as Sunstein, Wolton and Cortina have detected in recent years. This article proposes educational guidelines to avoid this bias by using communication technology to promote digital citizenship and the ethical values sustained by democratic societies.

  18. Political Diversity in Six Disciplines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Daniel B.; Stern, Charlotta

    2004-01-01

    During the past 35 years, Seymour Martin Lipset and his collaborators have generated a series of studies and reports on the political alignment in academia. They have all found the social sciences and humanities to be preponderantly Democratic. In the past decade there has been little scholarly inquiry into the political orientation of faculty.…

  19. “All for the sake of Freedom”: Hannah Arendt’s Democratic Dissent, Trauma, and American Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Mehring

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available

    As an intellectual Jewish immigrant, Hannah Arendt’s work is informed by two key factors: the failures of German intellectuals regarding the rise of fascism and the promise of American democracy. Arendt was haunted by the past and the memories of how the democratic structures of the Weimar Republic had been undermined, manipulated, and finally transformed into a totalitarian terror regime. The issues of freedom, equality, and the shortcomings of democratic societies form a transcultural nexus in her oeuvre. This reading of Arendt will reveal how her efforts to deal with a transatlantic traumatic past shaped the felt need to voice democratic dissent in the United States. While much has been said about her theoretical groundwork on the mechanisms of totalitarian systems, Arendt’s living conditions as a naturalized foreigner, her enthusiasm for American democracy, and her refusal to return to Germany have been largely neglected. Arendt is usually rooted firmly in a European philosophical context. She has been canonized as one of the foremost philosophical thinkers from Germany on the emergence of totalitarian systems and the Holocaust. This transatlantic force field looms large over the second half of the twentieth century in the realm of culture and politics. Among her fellow intellectual émigrés and exiles such as Adorno, Horkheimer, Marcuse, or Fraenkel, Arendt stands out. She decided not to return to the new democratic Germany with its Grundgesetz fashioned along the lines of the American Constitution. Instead, she insisted on becoming naturalized and used her transnational background as a basis to address democratic gaps from the vantage point of an American citizen. First, Mehring shows in which ways Arendt identified herself as an American and wished to become recognized as an American citizen. Second, he reconnects Arendt’s democratic dissent with her efforts to become recognized as an American citizen.

  20. "More Rain and Less Thunder": Substitute Vocabularies, Richard Nixon, and the Construction of Political Reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Richard; Stuckey, Mary E.

    1997-01-01

    Sketches a key mechanism called "Substitute Vocabularies" whereby practitioners of democracies seek to reconcile contradictions between democratic political principle and repressive political action. Illustrates this by identifying the Richard Nixon administration's political principles regarding Native Americans as articulated in…

  1. Democratization, social crisis and the impact of military domestic roles in Latin America

    OpenAIRE

    Pion-Berlin,David; Trinkunas, Harold

    2005-01-01

    Civil-military relations theorists have long warned against the participation of armed forces in domestic missions in democratic societies. They argue that such domestic roles bolster the military politically and eventually lead to the overthrow of democratic governments. Yet for two decades now, democratic governments have enlisted the help of their militaries domestically without risk to the regime. Civilian leaders often provide the military with internal roles to compensate/or th...

  2. History and political cultures: the legal conceptions evoked by the military governments while score of getting legitimacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Pereira da Silva

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes to analyse the period of brazilian military governments (1964-1985 under the view of lawfulness culture. We intend to show how the take of political power in 1964, far of being considered just the invest of the force and of the will, it was based into a juridical effort engagement, made upon a determined theory of constitutional right with emphasis in the thought of Carl Schmitt and Hans Kelsen.

  3. The Imposition of the Death Penalty on Mexican Nationals in the United States and the Cultural, Legal and Political Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Michael Olivero

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews death penalty perspectives from the United States, Mexico and international law. The United States practices the death penalty on not only its citizens, but those of other nations who commit capital crimes. Mexico is a death penalty abolitionist state that takes significant issue with the United States over executing Mexican nationals. The paper analyzes the cultural, legal and political conflict between the two countries surrounding the application of the death penalty on Mexican nationals.

  4. More democracy, less politics?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Josje den Ridder; Paul Dekker

    2015-01-01

    Original Title: Meer democratie, minder politiek?   Concerns about the functioning and future of democracy in the Netherlands can have a variety of causes. One such is the attitude of the demos: there is an assumption that political dissatisfaction is growing and that democratic engagement is

  5. Mapping the political geographies of Europeanization: National discourses, external perceptions and the question of popular culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moisio, S.; Bachmann, V.; Bialasiewicz, L.; Dell'Agnese, E.; Dittmer, J.; Mamadouh, V.D.

    2013-01-01

    Political geographers have significantly contributed to understandings of the spatialities of Europeanization. We review some of this work, while also highlighting research themes where further political-geographic research would be insightful. We note the importance of work that captures both the d

  6. "Fear of a Black Planet": Rap Music and Black Cultural Politics in the 1990s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Tricia

    1991-01-01

    Explores the exercise of institutional and ideological power over rap music and fans, how artists and fans respond to that context, and the complex relationships between rap's political economy and the sociologically based crime discourse that frames it. Rap's poetic voice is a political expression of the Black experience. (JB)

  7. Culturally Relevant Political Education: Using Immigration as a Catalyst for Civic Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journell, Wayne; Castro, Erin L.

    2011-01-01

    Latino students, in particular, often feel alienated from politics, especially at the federal level, and this political disengagement often correlates with the immigrant status of students or their families. However, recent research suggests that the amount and quality of social studies coursework taken by immigrant students can reverse these…

  8. Cultural Appropriation of Political Participation and Concepts of Democracy in Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kontogiannopoulou-Polydorides, Georgia; Andritsopoulou, C.

    2003-01-01

    The present work explores aspects of political thinking of Greek adolescents in relation to civic education. The chapter aims to investigate the relationship of social and political education, as taught in high-school, to students' concepts and attitudes centering on the way students (a) formulate attitudes towards anticipated political…

  9. Framing the Discussion: Elections as Components of Larger Political and Cultural Geographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knopp, Larry

    2016-01-01

    It is important to remember that elections are but one piece--albeit an important one--of much larger processes of politics and governance. Moreover, in the United States they are increasingly implicated in the construction of identities and places. What goes on in the course of electoral politics (creating electoral systems and voting districts,…

  10. Democratic constraints on demographic policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigsby, J S

    1984-01-01

    The discussion compares the population policies adopted in Sweden during the 1930s to raise fertiity and the policies considered in the US during the 1970s in response to the high fertility experienced in the 1950s. Both sets of policies recommended increased availability of birth control, more liberal abortion laws, and greater employment opportunities for women. It becomes evident that the constraints imposed by a democratic system of government translate into policy recommendations that place individual freedom of choice and equal opportunity for all citizens as higher goals than any specific demographic target. Consequently, the population commissions of Sweden and the US made similar suggestions on how to resolve their opposite demographic problems. The demographic situations in the 2 nations were antipodal, and the countries also had very different social climates. This additional disparity was insufficient to counterbalance the apparently overwhelming influence of the democratic political systems in making virtually identical policy recommendations. Yet, the contrasting social climates of Sweden in 1935 and the US in 1970-72 may explain the different reactions each commission received. In terms of the responses by both citizens and government officials to the commissions' reports, the Swedish commission was more successful. Practically all of their recommendations were enthusiastically received and quickly adopted by the Swedish Riksdag. Yet, when the criterion for success becomes whether or not a demographic target was met, it increased in the 1940s and then dropped again while the same social policies were in effect. Even before the US commission began its study, fertility in the US had fallen and continues to remain low. These findings suggest that commissions in democratic countries will most likely never recommend dramatic measures in population policy. Thus, it is questionable whether such commissions in democratic nations will totally fulfill the

  11. The “convención nacional constituyente” of 1870: the political-democratic debates as viewed through the press - doi: 10.4025/dialogos.v9i2.146 Las luchas político-democráticas através de la prensa y la convención nacional constituyente de 1870 - doi: 10.4025/dialogos.v9i2.146

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelina Pusineri

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available During the period of military occupation of Asunción, there appeared a newspaper entitled “La Regeneración”. This period begining in 1869, is known as the period of “democratic struggles”. The articles published in “La Regeneración” will be the foundation of this brief historical study. This study will also illuminate the commentaries about everyday life and the war, still being fougt by Solano López in isolated regions of the nation. The political instability of the period was reflected by the National Constitutional Convention of 1870, during which control and power was bitterly contested. Nevertheless the Constitution brought new opinions and ideas to the fore; these opinions and ideas were not only political but also cultural in nature. The new Constitution became known as the “most democratic” in Paraguayan history. The press, such as “La Regeneración”, took advantage of the liberties awared under the new constitution to vocalize many of these emergent political and cultural thoughts.Durante la ocupación , en el año 1869 aparece el periódico “La Regeneración”; etapa conocida como “de las luchas democráticas” en el Paraguay, cuyas manifestaciones publicadas exclusivamente en dicho periódico serán tomadas para este breve estudio histórico; además de otras formas de presentar los comentarios relacionados con la vida cotidiana y la guerra que aún seguía comandada por el Presidente López. La agitación política fue el desahogo de la postguerra, reflejada en las luchas de poderes hacia la Convención Nacional Constituyente de 1870. La Constitución trajo nuevas ideas y fuerza de opinión, tanto política como culturalmente, conociéndosela como la más “democrática”, con la libertad de expresión, manifestada a través de la nueva prensa escrita.

  12. Cultural corporatism and the COC: gay and lesbian social movement advocacy in the Netherlands and Dutch political culture, 1986-1994

    OpenAIRE

    Davidson, R. J.

    2015-01-01

    Debates on gay and lesbian advocacy in the Netherlands have often revolved around the role of the political culture of pillarisation in facilitating or hindering the gay and lesbian (GL) social movement. Pillarisation ended, however, just as the GL movement was beginning to gain momentum. In this article, gay and lesbian advocacy is examined from 1986-1994, during which the government engaged in designing a national policy to combat anti-homosexual discrimination. After describing the transit...

  13. Democracy and Cultural Psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Steffen Moltrup Ernø

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses a theme touched upon in Robert Innis’s article on cultural psych- ology and philosophy, namely how we, within cultural psychology, seem to be undecided about how best to provide value on a societal level. It is discussed how psychology has provided us with several valuable...... is of utmost importance in today’s society, where democratic ideals are under severe pressure. Corporations, industries, and privileged individuals exercise increased control over political processes, having created obscure systems by which they operate. It is concluded that cultural psychology needs to find...... its role as a scientific discipline that contributes to making transparent the political, social, and interpersonal relations that define how our lives are shaped, if we want a discipline that provides value beyond the scientific realm....

  14. Social Justice, Civil Society and the Dramatist in Democratic Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Social Justice, Civil Society and the Dramatist in Democratic Nigeria. ... democracy as being unique to the cultural environment, yet the human-rights violations, ... Drama and theatre, being veritable media of communication are considered ...

  15. The Democratic Potential of Theatre Talks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Louise Ejgod

    2014-01-01

    of democratization of culture and the democracy theory by James S. Fishkin. The analysis is based on the empirical material of 31 theatre talks carried through as a part of an audience development project and is focused on four different aspects of the democratic potential of theatre: First, how the theatre talks...... approach to a target-oriented approach to audience development in which the content of the performance should be matched with certain audience segments. And fourth, the article points to an outcome of the experience related to the challenging of one own view point and thus expanding ones horizon....

  16. Book review: Popular culture in Asia: memory, city, celebrity by Lorna Fitzsimmons and John A. Lent

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno-Tabarez, Ulises

    2014-01-01

    "Popular Culture in Asia." Lorna Fitzsimmons and John A. Lent (eds). Palgrave Macmillan. May 2013. --- Popular Culture in Asia consists of studies of film, music, television, anime, architecture, and computer-mediated communication in China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia, and Singapore. It aims to provide perspectives on relationships between Asian popular culture and a number of major socio-political issues and movements, including war responsibility, democratization,...

  17. 菲律宾独特的社会政治文化%On the Unique Social and Political Culture in the Philippines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇

    2004-01-01

    The Philippines' social and political culture is second to none in Southeast Asia and even the whole Asia. It evolves from actions of both internal and external factors, one of which is the intentional transplant and guidance by the US, whose influence is the greatest. To develop economy is the top priority for its social and political stability.

  18. Democratic Attitudes among High-School Pupils: The Role Played by Perceptions of Class Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perliger, Arie; Canetti-Nisim, Daphna; Pedahzur, Ami

    2006-01-01

    The present study shed light on the continuing debate among students of political socialisation regarding the effects of civic education on the upholding of democratic attitudes. Our major conclusion is that civic education, in and of itself, has only minor effects on democratic attitudes of pupils. Furthermore, among pupils who attended civic…

  19. Trade unions and liberal values: struggle or complementarity in a democratic society?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. I. Tupitzya

    2014-02-01

    Thus, viewing the political position of trade unions in a modern democratic society suggests that the trade union units are fully capable to absorb some elements of liberal doctrines. This indicates a broad base complementarity and mutual conceptual foundations of trade unionism and democratic society.

  20. “微时代”微文化的“文化政治”阐释阅读%Interpretation of Cultural Politics in Micro-culture at Micro-blogging Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小平

    2014-01-01

    当前,我们已经进入一个以网络和智能手机为载体,以微博、微信、微电影为主要传播媒介和娱乐工具的“微时代”。“微时代”标志工业时代的终结,后工业时代、信息时代的来临。传统的整体的世界及其空间和时间,甚至历史都被电子化媒体---摄影、电影、电视、网络“离散”、“分割”、“瓦解”成不连续的非完整的“碎片化”的世界。在“微时代”,每个微不足道的“碎片”、“原子化个体”的价值和诉求都得到了最大程度的尊重与满足。它呼应了宏观政治的潮流,并从微观“文化政治”的改善来促使社会告别等级、权力、压迫的世界,走向比现代性所建构的世界更加开放、包容、自由、平等、民主、解放的世界。%We have entered a micro-blogging era, with network and smartphone as carrier and micro-blog, Wechat, and micro-movie as mass media and entertainment tools. It marks the end industrial era, and coming of post-industrial era and information age. The whole traditional world as well as space and time, even history, are smashed into a debris world by electronic media - photography, movie, television and Internet network. In the micro-blogging era, the value and appeal of every tiny“debris”and “atomic individual”are respected and satisfied to the greatest extent. It follows the macro-political trend and improves micro-cultural politics to enable the society to depart from the world with the social classes, power, and suppression, and to build up a world of more open, tolerant, free, equal, democratic and liberated than the constructed modern world.

  1. Political Education in/as the Practice of Freedom: A Paradoxical Defence from the Perspective of Michael Oakeshott

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Stephen M.

    2007-01-01

    Creating education systems that promote democratic sustainability has been the concern of political thinkers as diverse as J. S. Mill, Dewey, Benjamin Barber and Derek Bok. The classic dichotomisation of democratic theory between deliberative democrats and Schumpeterian democrats suggests that education in the service of democracy can be…

  2. CONTRIBUTION OF INDONESIAN DEMOCRATIC TO ISLAMIC EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erni Haryanti

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to show up the reason that Indonesian democratic can give contribution to developing of Islamic education theory, in order to responds of contemporary issues. To achieve of the purpose, this paper was discussing a number of democratic theory and Islamic education contemporary literature with holding a dialogue to Indonesian culture background. Recently, Islamic education theory and practice has undergone some transformations, in its system, curriculum, and institutions. One of the trigger was a demand to implementing a conception of democracy in Islamic education praxis. In Indonesia it was adopted from Pancasila, exactly the Bhineka Tunggal Ika slogan. To realized of that, Indonesian Islamic education institution like madrassa, since 1980s was combined between curriculum Indonesia national and Islamic education. It is be a sign that Indonesian democracy can be an alternative to developing a theory of democratic Islamic education.

  3. O Comportamento Político Cultural no Medievo: uma aproximação * The Political Cultural Behaviour in The Middle Ages: an approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LUCIANO JOSÉ VIANNA

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este artigo apresenta parte da nossa investigação realizada durante a estância de doutorado no Warburg Institute – University of London como complementação teórico-metodológica para nossa tese de doutorado em preparação no Departament de Ciències de l’Antiguitat i de l’Edat Mitjana da Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Através da recuperação, adaptação e aplicação do conceito de cultura política, identificamos um comportamento político cultural durante o medievo no qual o livro fazia parte e era um dos objetos produzidos e utilizados. Ademais, também observamos os principais centros de produção e de destino deste objeto referencial para a história política e cultural medieval, como o monastério, a chancelaria e a corte, onde a composição deste objeto girava em torno a diferentes assuntos conectados à memória, tais como a guerra, a propaganda e a utilização do passado.Palavras-chave: Crônicas medievais – Livro dos Feitos – Comportamento político cultural. Abstract: This article aims to presente part of the our research carried out during the stay abroad for PhD researching at the Warburg Institute – University of London, as theoric and methodologic step of improvement to prepare our PhD-Thesis at the Departament de Ciències de l’Antiguitat i de l’Edat Mitjana of the Autonomous University of Barcelona. After recover, adapt, and apply the concept of political culture, I identified a political cultural behaviour in the middle ages, which the book made part and was one of the several objects that were produced and utilized in this field. Furthermore, I also observed the main centers of production and destiny of this referencial object to the medieval politics and culture, such as the monastery, the chancellery, and the court, where the composition of this object had a connexion with the memory, such as the war, the propaganda, and the utilization of the past.Keywords: Medieval chronicles

  4. The Politics of Undergraduate Curricula in a Downsizing Culture: A Primer for Department Chairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickson, Mark, III

    1996-01-01

    Discusses some problems associated with curricular matters in communication departments. Offers suggestions for dealing with the problems. Discusses departmental philosophical decisions (theory versus skills, developing curriculum, internal politics and curriculum, and curriculum overexpansion); understanding upper-level administration…

  5. Political discourse in the news: democratizing responsibility or aestheticizing politics?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chouliaraki, Syragoula Milner

    2000-01-01

    critical discourse analysis, deliberative democracy, media discourse, nationalism, recontextualization......critical discourse analysis, deliberative democracy, media discourse, nationalism, recontextualization...

  6. Regiune, regional, regionalizare şi reprezentare politică (Region, regional, regionalisation and political representation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragoş-Andrei PREUTESCU

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Romania is at a crossroad to shape and redefine its regional territorial-administrative design as an European Union member. A regionalization process is at a controversial point in this moment and is necessarry to see if this process could have a significant impact to develop and consolidate democracy in this country. Following the main aspects of regionalism, regionalization and political discourses amoung politicians, the purpose of this article is to see if their is any kind of connection between regionalization process and the involvement of the citizens in public decisions. More so, the new institutional design could consolidate democracy and increase the public responsabilities from both sides: decision makers and citizens. Doing so could lead to better public policies in accordance with needs, expectations and desires of the citizens. In this way, what is called as „regional identity”, or„ local identity” could have more significance in the public imagination and consciousness. Furthermore the so called „movement” for better and developed communities is being shaped in this direction by political discourses and political ideas. What can create better conditions for shaping these democratic options is to have an important political and civic culture once the regionalization process is implemented. The progression of economy, tourism, political representation, culture, and institutions is a consequence of how much these elements are compatible in the regionalization process.

  7. Democracy and democratization in contemporary Muslim societies: A theoretical analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahabuddin Ra’ees

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the impact of democracy and democratization on contemporary Muslim societies. The institutional and philosophical approaches to democracy and democratization are inseparable. The paper investigates the relationship between the philosophical dimension of Western democracy and the Muslim philosophy of life and concludes that the democratization of contemporary Muslim societies leads to serious and destabilizing ideological polarization and division of Muslim societies into supporters of secularism and political Islam. The Islamist-secularists relation radicalizes: (1 when the Islamists are prevented from capturing power through democratic institutions and (2 when the advanced Western democratic states cooperate with non-democratic secular elites of Muslim societies. The destabilizing role of democracy can be moderated if the Islamists are engaged in the democratic process, and the debate between the Islamists, the secularists and the West – based on the view that the West should conceive Islam as an alternative weltanschauung [worldview] – focuses on issues that are human properties, irrespective of religion, ethnicity or language. The institutional approach to democracy provides a common ground for cooperation and dialogue between the Islamists, the secularists and the West.

  8. Democratic survival in Latin America (1945-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aníbal PÉREZ-LIÑÁN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Why do democracies survive or break down? In this paper, it returns to this classic question with an empirical focus on Latin America from 1945 to 2005. The argument deviates from the quantitative literature and a good part of the qualitative literature on democratic survival and breakdown. It is argued that structural variables such as the level of development and inequalities have not shaped prospects for democratic survival in Latin America. Nor, contrary to findings in some of the literature, has economic performance affected the survival of competitive regimes. Instead, it is focused on the regional political environment and on actors’ normative preferences about democracy and dictatorship and their policy radicalism or moderation. It is argued that 1 a higher level of development did not increase the likelihood of democratic survival in Latin America over this long time; 2 if actors have a normative preference for democracy, it is more likely to survive; and 3 policy moderation facilitates democratic survival.

  9. Discourse, the political and the ontological dimension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Allan Dreyer; Sonnichsen, André

    2014-01-01

    In this interview, Ernesto Laclau discusses his theoretico-political endeavour from the publication of Hegemony and Socialist Strategy; questions of radical democratic subjectivity; the social order, sedimentation and change; and finally his relationship to the work of Michel Foucault....

  10. Culture and Art Channel network: media, culture and politics TV Cultura e arte: mídia, cultura e política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Bertolli Filho

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses the short life of the Culture and Art Channel, a TV company created and supported by the Ministry of Culture in Brazil. The search for a perfect knowledge of how this public channel should be took it to the poor context of the cultural politics proposed by the administration of the former president Fernando Henrique Cardoso. The way the strategies of implementation and the answers to the critics were conducted also facilitated its failure. As a result, the television company did not have good indices of audience and its activities were closed down less than 2 years after its first broadcasting. Keywords: Culture and Arte channel network; public TV; cultural politics; Fernando Henrique Cardoso Administration; media and power. Este artigo tem como objetivo focar a curta trajetória de vida da TV Cultura e Arte, emissora criada e patrocinada pelo Ministério da Cultura do Brasil. A busca do entendimento do caminho tomada por esse canal público levou a situá-lo no contexto da precária política cultural adotada pela administração FHC e também das estratégias de legitimação da iniciativa e das respostas oferecidas aos críticos pelos idealizadores e responsáveis pelo funcionamento da TV Cultura e Arte. Resultado de tudo isso, a emissora contou com pouca audiência, encerrando suas atividades menos de dois anos depois de ter sido colocada no ar. Palavras-chave: TV Cultura e Arte. TV pública. Política cultural. Governo FHC. Mídia e poder.

  11. Civic education, key to democratic consolidation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Mardones Arévalo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Assuming the importance for Chile to deepen and improve its democratic system, this article aims first to recognize the status of citizen progressive distancing of political affairs, especially in the youngest segment, based on data provided by various surveys and studies for the period 1990 to 2010. The realization of the above situation leads us to propose that generate citizen involvement is correlated to the field of politics, that citizens understand the importance of political participation, which is made from the educational base. From our perspective, the problem lies in citizenship education, which would be deficient or misguided. Thus, the second objective of this study is to understand the role that has met the Chilean educational system, however the education reform process launched since 1997 has not, apparently, with the formula that involves the creation of citizenship committed to their surroundings and with the complexities of the context of open societies and permeable in a global context.

  12. A Mathematical Model of Democratic Elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mato Nagel

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Democratic election is the preferred method for determining political administrators nowadays. The intention is to find the best possible leader in order to improve the group's competitiveness and success. Though preferred, democratic election is far from being optimal in this respect, and is increasingly becoming the target for fraud. A model was developed to scientifically analyze the present electoral system's insufficiency. It is based on fauceir assumptions. Its calculations enable principles to be developed that optimize the election process, while also revealing the limits of elections in societies growing ever more complex, so that in the end elections have to be replaced by processes similar to what has proved optimal throughout naturally occurring evolution-natural selection.

  13. Genetic fallout in biocultural landscapes: molecular imperialism and the cultural politics of (not) seeing transgenes in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christophe Bonneuil; Foyer, Jean; Wynne, Brian

    2014-12-01

    This article explores the trajectory of the global controversy over the introgression (or not) of transgenes from genetically modified maize into Mexican indigenous maize landraces. While a plurality of knowledge-making processes were deployed to render transgenes visible or invisible, we analyze how a particular in vitro based DNA-centered knowledge came to marginalize other forms of knowledge, thus obscuring other bio-cultural dimensions key to the understanding of gene flow and maize diversity. We show that dominant molecular norms of proof and standards of detection, which co-developed with the world of industrial monocropping and gene patenting, discarded and externalized non-compliant actors (i.e. complex maize genomes, human dimensions of gene flow). Operating in the name of high science, they hence obscured the complex biological and cultural processes that maintain crop diversity and enacted a cultural-political domination over the world of Mexican landraces and indigenous communities.

  14. A dimensão político-democrática nas teorias de desenvolvimento sustentável e suas implicações para a gestão local Political-democratic dimension within sustainable development theories and its implications for local management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Frey

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa diversas concepções de desenvolvimento sustentável, com ênfase nas dimensões do modelo político-administrativo, do papel do Estado e do potencial democrático inerente às abordagens propostas. São analisadas primeiro aquelas concepções que apostam no mercado como força reguladora do desenvolvimento (abordagem econômico-liberal de mercado. Segundo, as abordagens que consideram o Estado e suas instituições de regulação e de planejamento como instrumentos indispensáveis para garantir a prevalência do bem comum no processo de desenvolvimento (abordagem ecológico-tecnocrata de planejamento. Finalmente, as concepções que salientam a necessidade de uma ampla mobilização política e um maior envolvimento da própria população e das organizações da sociedade civil na busca de um modo sustentável de desenvolvimento (abordagem política de participação democrática. Ao final do trabalho, são discutidas as implicações dessas abordagens para a gestão local e sugeridos alguns elementos essenciais na busca de um modelo democratizante de gestão do desenvolvimento sustentável das cidades.The article analyses several concepts of sustainable development, focusing on the following dimensions: the political-administrative model, the role of the State, and the democratic potential of these approaches. First, the paper analyses those approaches that consider the market as the fundamental regulative force of development (market approach of economic liberalism. Second, it tackles approaches that consider the State and its regulatory and planning institutions indispensable instruments to guarantee the prevalence of the common good in developing processes (ecological-technocratic planning approach. Finally, it examines conceptions that highlight the necessity of an extended political mobilisation and an enhanced involvement of the population and civil society organisations in the search for a sustainable mode of

  15. Political innovation as ideal and strategy: the case of aleatoric democracy in the City of Utrecht

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, A.J.; Van der Veer, Reinout; Faber, A.; Penning de Vries, J.

    2016-01-01

    Political innovations aim to strengthen democracy but few connect well to the institutionalized democratic context. This paper explores how political innovations can be successfully embedded in existing democratic systems. It builds upon both the literature on political innovation and on new democra

  16. Political innovation as ideal and strategy: the case of aleatoric democracy in the City of Utrecht

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, A.J.; Van der Veer, Reinout; Faber, A.; Penning de Vries, J.

    2016-01-01

    Political innovations aim to strengthen democracy but few connect well to the institutionalized democratic context. This paper explores how political innovations can be successfully embedded in existing democratic systems. It builds upon both the literature on political innovation and on new democra

  17. Education in the new practice of democratic citizenship: databases of John Dewey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giannina Burlando

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The bases of the political art of John Dewey or his new practice of democratic citizenship are reviewed. Dewey is acknowledged as one of the most prominent of the American philosophers in the first half of the twentieth century. He is also the most influential due to endowing philosophy a public task, namely, political and educational concern. From the instrumentalist method applied to the political area, crucial postulates in the major writings of Dewey are selected to revitalize the meaning and draw up the practical impacts of the central element of his political philosophy: ‘the collective power of democratic community’.

  18. The Role of Confucian Cultural Values and Politics in Planning Educational Programs for Adults in Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryu, Kiung; Cervero, Ronald M.

    2011-01-01

    Program planning activities are not culturally neutral but are replete with various cultural values and affected by them. This qualitative study was conducted in Korea and examines how cultural values influence educational planning in Korea. Specifically, the study was to examine how Confucian cultural values play out in educational planning in…

  19. Twenty years of revolutionary democratic Ethiopia, 1991 to 2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hagmann, Tobias; Abbink, Jon

    2011-01-01

    with a short summary of these 11 papers, but then moves to a substantive review of Ethiopia's political history over the past two decades, featuring consideration of the extent of transformation and continuity under the ruling Ethiopian Peoples' Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), the importance...

  20. Preparing for Citizenship: Teaching Youth To Live Democratically.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosher, Ralph; And Others

    This book explores the issues of democratic education and student responsibilities in the schools. There are three compelling reasons to engage students to have a direct experience of democracy as an integral part of their schooling: (1) students are most likely to understand and value democracy and develop the political skills required for…

  1. In Defense of a Deliberative Democratic Civics Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Jarrod S.

    2013-01-01

    Political divides in our democracy are ever-widening. Deliberative democratic civics education provides a new way for civics education to prepare students for a democracy that addresses the diversity in moral perspectives that have created the divides in a more constructive way. Civics education traditionally has been tied to aggregative theories…

  2. Neoliberal Project of Globalization: Prospects for Democratization of Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pannu, R. S.

    1996-01-01

    Since the early 1980s, neoliberalism has become the hegemonic ideology and has expedited the globalization of economies and the emergence of the market as the central organizing principle of social relations and collective life. Surveys the impact of these structural and ideological changes on politics (including democratization), economies, and…

  3. Democratic Citizenship: European referents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María PUIG GUTIÉRREZ

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Let’s sense beforehand in this article a tour concerning the educational European policies that favors the development of a democratic citizenship. The aim that we chase is to understand the way in which nowadays it is being interpreted and stimulated the Citizenship education from European Union. for it we offer a conceptual delimiting of «Citizenship education» and later, we show an analysis of the principal documents and materials elaborated principally by the Council of Europe that mark the way followed by European Union as for education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC.

  4. The poetics and politics of identity at the Crossroads of cultural difference and The poetics and politics of identity at the Crossroads of cultural difference and

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland Walter

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente ensaio enfoca as dinâmicas da diferença cultural e da diversidade e suas representações na ficção panamericana de Gisèle Pineau, Maryse Condé, Dionne Brand, T. C. Boyle, Conceição Evaristo e Alejo Carpentier. Ao longo do texto, são abordadas e problematizadas as seguintes questões:como é constituída, produzida e encenada a identidade quando formas de opressão com base na identidade negam ou delimitam a negociação e compreensão de seus significados? Como a diferença e a diversidade designam o outro? Como são constituídos, mantidos ou descontruídos os limites da diferença e as fronteiras da diversidade? E, finalmente, se esses limites ou fronteiras constituem o espaço das relações de poder onde as identificações são performatizadas, então, quais são seus efeitos sobre a formação da identidade? Palavras-chaves: identidade cultural; diferença cultural (como separação; diversidade cultural (como relação; transculturação; espaço mangrove (mangue; fronteiras. This essay traces the relational dynamics of cultural difference and diversity as represented in Pan-American fiction by Gisèle Pineau, Maryse Condé, Dionne Brand, T. C. Boyle, Conceição Evaristo, and AlejoCarpentier. In the process, it addresses and problematizes the following questions: How is identity constituted, produced, and enacted when identity- based forms of oppression deny or delimit the negotiation and comprehension of its meanings? How do difference and diversity designate the other? How are boundaries of difference and borderlands of diversity constituted, maintained or deconstructed? And finally, if these boundaries and borderlands constitute the space of power relations where identifications are performed, then, what are their effects on the formation of identity?

  5. Globalisation and the Cultural Politics of Educational Change: The Controversy over Teaching of English in West Bengal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scrase, Timothy J.

    2002-09-01

    (Globalisation and the Cultural Politics of Educational Change: The Controversy over the Teaching of English in West Bengal) - This article deals with the articulation of educational policy, cultural politics, and social class in the era of globalization. It analyses the policy of the Government of West Bengal to remove the teaching of English from the primary school syllabus in the state in the early 1980s and its subsequent reintroduction from the beginning of the school year in 2000. The author argues that English is a crucial component of the middle classes' cultural capital and is essential to their future employment success, especially in a globalising work environment. This is supported by interviews conducted during 1998/1999 with middle-class Bengalis. For governments of postcolonial, developing societies, this dispute highlights an essential dichotomy between, on the one hand, the ideal of broad-based educational policies and, on the other hand, the need to prepare children for employment at home and abroad in the context of globalisation.

  6. Making sense of climate change risks and responses at the community level: A cultural-political lens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ainka A. Granderson

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available How to better assess, communicate and respond to risks from climate change at the community level have emerged as key questions within climate risk management. Recent research to address these questions centres largely on psychological factors, exploring how cognition and emotion lead to biases in risk assessment. Yet, making sense of climate change and its responses at the community level demands attention to the cultural and political processes that shape how risk is conceived, prioritized and managed. I review the emergent literature on risk perceptions and responses to climate change using a cultural-political lens. This lens highlights how knowledge, meaning and power are produced and negotiated across multiple stakeholders at the community level. It draws attention to the different ways of constructing climate change risks and suggests an array of responses at the community level. It further illustrates how different constructions of risk intersect with agency and power to shape the capacity for response and collective action. What matters are whose constructions of risk, and whose responses, count in decision-making. I argue for greater engagement with the interpretive social sciences in research, practice and policy. The interpretive social sciences offer theories and tools for capturing and problematising the ways of knowing, sense-making and mobilising around risks from climate change. I also highlight the importance of participatory approaches in incorporating the multiplicity of interests at the community level into climate risk management in fair, transparent and culturally appropriate ways.

  7. Personality, Negativity, and Political Participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaron C. Weinschenk

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Scholars have recently started to integrate personality traits into models of political participation. In this paper, we present the results of a survey experiment (N = 724 designed to test whether negative political messages differentially impact people with different personality traits. We found evidence that individuals with high scores on agreeableness were less likely, and individuals with high scores on extraversion were more likely, to report intending to participate in politics than their counterparts after being exposed to negative political messages. Agreeableness and extraversion also interacted with negative messages to influence specific intentions to make a political donation, attend a meeting, rally, or event, and volunteer for a political campaign. We also found suggestive evidence that agreeableness interacted with negativity to influence turnout intentions. The results of this study have important implications for the study of political engagement, the ways in which people interact with political information, and the practice of democratic politics.

  8. Discovering the Political in Non-Political Young Immigrant Identities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Niels Nørgaard; Solhaug, Trond

    The theme of this paper is the political participation and political involvement among migrant youth in Denmark. It is well documented (Kulbranstad 2009) that second-generation immigrants posses poorer skills than their school fellows with an ethnic Danish background. These pupils in general start...... to a situation with less possibilities for a democratic citizenship. But how do these second-generation immigrants orient themselves politically and democratically? How are their political affiliations? And how is their sense of citizenship?...... out with a lower average, and when they leave the school they are also behind. Especially, the Danish language skills often place them in a worse situation in the lessons as well as in the public life. From a political resource perspective it could easily be argued that such conditions lead...

  9. A Democratically Accountable External Action Service: Three Scenarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jozef Bátora

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Democratic accountability is an aspect that seems to have been almost entirely overlooked in the discussions on the evolving role of the European External Action Service (EEAS. In modern democratic societies, it is increasingly difficult to sustain the claim that foreign policy and diplomacy are incompatible with democratic decision-making and accountability. What is more, for the external service representing the EU as an entity aspiring to play the role of a mentor in state- and democracy-building processes in various countries around the world, ensuring democratic accountability necessarily becomes a key concern. While this is the case, the literature on the EEAS has at best only partially addressed this issue so far. This article seeks to bridge that gap and discuss ways of how democratic accountability could be ensured in the EEAS in its various possible organizational configurations. It hence addresses some of the key issues addressed by this special issue – institutionalization of administrative arrangements in support of the ESDP, the role of non-elected officials in the EU’s external relations and, indeed, evolving mechanisms for ensuring political control of the EU’s external action. In the first section, the paper discusses the notion of democratic accountability and reviews the state of the debate regarding democratic accountability in the EEAS. Three models of a democratic order in the EU are then suggested (cf Eriksen and Fossum and based on those, three scenarios of developing democratic accountability in the EEAS are elaborated upon - the EEAS as a support agency for member state diplomacy; the EEAS as a federal foreign service of the EU; and the EEAS as a cosmopolitan normative entrepreneur.

  10. Language and Politics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chimombo, Moira

    1999-01-01

    Surveys the interrelationship between language and politics. Touches on the context of political discourse, or political culture and ideology in new and old democracies and the reemerging manifestations of totalitarianism, censorship, and linguistic imperialism; then examines selected linguistic features of political discourse and their…

  11. Political scandal and the politics of exposure : from Watergate to Lewinsky and beyond.

    OpenAIRE

    Welch, S. E.

    2007-01-01

    The paper advances an interpretation of political scandal and its place in democratic politics, taking the scandals of the ‘Watergate era’ in American politics as its evidential basis. The interpretation focuses on an aspect of political scandal that has been neglected in existing treatments, namely the politically constructed rather than epistemologically simple nature of scandalous ‘exposure’. The career of the ‘smoking gun’ in the Watergate era provides illustration. The paper goes on to r...

  12. Religion and fight for social justice in the american political thought: richard rorty, john rawls, and martin luther king, jr.

    OpenAIRE

    Voparil, Christopher J.

    2013-01-01

    John Rawls's "political" conception remains our most influential notion of justice designed to respect the irreducible and irreconcilable diversity of moral, philosophical, and religious doctrines characteristic of a pluralistic democratic culture. While we know from recent posthumous publications of Rawls's deep understanding of religion's ultimate importance, this conception seems to exclude a fundamental dimension of the most important struggles for social justice, like the role of the bla...

  13. Educação e sociedade democrática: interpretações sociológicas e desafios à formação política do educador Education and democratic society: sociological interpretations and challenges to political education of educators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Silva Virginio

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, procuramos situar o papel da educação na constituição de uma sociedade democrática. A relação entre democracia e educação funda-se na identificação dos predicados da primeira, sobretudo, a partir das contribuições de Karl Mannheim, e nas propriedades da segunda, mormente em sua dimensão política, estribo para a convergência entre processos curriculares e necessidades sociais. Tomando por base a realidade nacional, asseveramos que a construção de uma consciência e personalidade democrática decorre da consecução de uma outra sociabilidade, qual seja, consoante aos valores da reciprocidade e da cooperação, tanto quanto sensível à qualificação dos termos que definem, objetiva e subjetivamente, a qualidade de vida. Tal qualidade decorre, ademais, do desenvolvimento das interpretações críticas e/ou propostas criativas colocadas na e pela experiência cotidiana. Considerando a natureza precária de nossa cidadania, tanto quanto os desafios educacionais em curso, colocamos em relevo o desafio da formação política do educador. Esta dimensão formativa, principalmente se levarmos em conta as carências e dificuldades das classes populares, pode, se observadas e desenvolvidas as relações ético-políticas que permeiam o saber e o fazer docente, conferir um outro cariz, de natureza humanista, ao processo de socialização escolar. Mais do que isso, pode significar a mediação necessária, ainda que não suficiente, entre utopia democrática e sociedade democrática, entre realidade social e contextos de cidadania e entre necessidade da política e mudança social.In this work we aim at pointing out the role of education in the constitution of a democratic society. The relationship between democracy and education is established by the identification of the predicates of the first, mainly from the contributions of Karl Mannheim, and the properties of the latter, especially in its political dimension

  14. Water, Power and Identity. The cultural politics of water in the Andes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boelens, R.A.

    2015-01-01

    This book addresses two major issues in natural resource management and political ecology: the complex conflicting relationship between communities managing water on the ground and national/global policy-making institutions and elites; and how grassroots defend against encroachment, question the sel

  15. (Re)Searching Culture in Foreign Language Textbooks, or the Politics of Hide and Seek

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canale, Germán

    2016-01-01

    Textbooks are curriculum artefacts that embody particular ideologies and legitimise specific types of knowledge [Apple, M. W. (1982). "Education and power." Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul; Apple, M. W., & Christian-Smith, L. K. (1991). "The politics of the textbook." In M. W. Apple & L. K. Christian-Smith (Eds.),…

  16. Transformations of violence in twentieth-century Ethiopia : cultural roots, political conjunctures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abbink, J.

    1995-01-01

    This paper examines the transformation of violence in Ethiopian society, chiefly in the context of processes of 'modernization' and political change since the turn of the century, but focusing on the most recent period (1970s-1980s). Forms and practices of violence varied in the different periods of

  17. An Epistemic Frame Analysis of Neoliberal Culture and Politics in the US, UK, and the UAE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullen, Carol A.; Samier, Eugenie A.; Brindley, Sue; English, Fenwick W.; Carr, Nora K.

    2013-01-01

    Neoliberalism is a loosely knit bricolage from economics, politics, and various forms of reactionary populism that can be envisioned as a kind of epistemic frame in which largely counterrevolutionary forces engage in the "creative destruction" of institutional frameworks and powers, forging divisions across society that include labor and…

  18. Freedom of Choice: Vouchers in American Education. Praeger Series on American Political Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carl, Jim

    2011-01-01

    This book reveals that, far from being the result of a groundswell of support for parental choice in American education, the origins of school vouchers are seated in identity politics, religious schooling, and educational entrepreneurship. As the most radical form of "school choice," vouchers remain controversial in education today. The U.S.…

  19. Complicating the "Soccer Mom:" The Cultural Politics of Forming Class-Based Identity, Distinction, and Necessity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    Using Pierre Bourdieu's theories of social class differentiation and class reproduction, this paper provides an analysis of class-based identity politics in contemporary suburban America. Through a critical ethnography of the emergent, American, upper-middle-class "soccer mom" phenomenon, this study contributes to a growing body of research that…

  20. Complicating the "Soccer Mom:" The Cultural Politics of Forming Class-Based Identity, Distinction, and Necessity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    Using Pierre Bourdieu's theories of social class differentiation and class reproduction, this paper provides an analysis of class-based identity politics in contemporary suburban America. Through a critical ethnography of the emergent, American, upper-middle-class "soccer mom" phenomenon, this study contributes to a growing body of…

  1. Complicating the "Soccer Mom:" The Cultural Politics of Forming Class-Based Identity, Distinction, and Necessity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    Using Pierre Bourdieu's theories of social class differentiation and class reproduction, this paper provides an analysis of class-based identity politics in contemporary suburban America. Through a critical ethnography of the emergent, American, upper-middle-class "soccer mom" phenomenon, this study contributes to a growing body of…

  2. New Girlhood and Lost Boys: Analysing the Cultural Politics of Gender and Education through Film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nairn, Karen; Wyn, Johanna

    2015-01-01

    The "coming of age" films "Bend it like Beckham," "Whale Rider" and "Harry Potter" feature distinctive narratives about girlhood and boyhood that provide a perspective on the changing historical and political context of gendered identity construction in the new millennium. The early 2000s represented a…

  3. New Girlhood and Lost Boys: Analysing the Cultural Politics of Gender and Education through Film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nairn, Karen; Wyn, Johanna

    2015-01-01

    The "coming of age" films "Bend it like Beckham," "Whale Rider" and "Harry Potter" feature distinctive narratives about girlhood and boyhood that provide a perspective on the changing historical and political context of gendered identity construction in the new millennium. The early 2000s represented a…

  4. The Democratic Albatross.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahn, Dan F.; Gonchar, Ruth M.

    This paper discusses ideologues, both of the far Left and the far Right, and their influences on the American political structure and our "traditional pluralistic politics," which is defined as the concept traditionally held in this country that politics function within a clash of interests, sectional and group, and that political…

  5. The political collapse of Chichén Itzá in climatic and cultural context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoggarth, Julie A.; Breitenbach, Sebastian F. M.; Culleton, Brendan J.; Ebert, Claire E.; Masson, Marilyn A.; Kennett, Douglas J.

    2016-03-01

    Chichén Itzá dominated the political landscape of the northern Yucatán during the Terminal Classic Period (AD 800-1000). Chronological details of the rise and fall of this important polity are obscure because of the limited corpus of dated hieroglyphic records and by a restricted set of radiocarbon dates for the site. Here we compile and review these data and evaluate them within the context of political and climatic change in northern Yucatán at the end of the Classic period. The available data point to the end of elite activity at Chichén Itzá around AD 1000, a century after the collapse of Puuc Maya cities and other interior centers. Evidence supports a population shift in the eleventh century towards some coastal locations during a time associated with the end of monumental construction and art at Chichén Itzá. Our results suggest that regional political disintegration came in two waves. The first was the asynchronous collapse of multiple polities between AD 850 and 925 associated with a regional drying trend and punctuated by a series of multi-decadal droughts in the ninth and tenth centuries. The second wave was the political collapse at Chichén Itzá that coincides with the longest and most severe drought recorded in regional climate records between AD 1000 and 1100. This is a time that some scholars have characterized as a "dark age" across the northern Maya lowlands. Political developments during the Postclassic period (AD 1000-1517) correspond with a return to higher rainfall. These patterns support a strong relationship between political disintegration and climatic stress in the Maya lowlands. This research employs Bayesian radiocarbon models in conjunction with calendar dates on carved monuments and climate proxies to evaluate the rise and fall of Maya political centers and serves as an example of the impact of climate change on rainfall-dependent societies in Mesoamerica.

  6. Democratic design experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ehn, Pelle; Brandt, Eva; Halse, Joachim

    2016-01-01

    we here see design engagements which are both controversial in their commitment to agendas of social change and experimental in the sense that they openly probe for what can possibly be enacted. In this conversation we want to explore how such engagements may be seen as democratic design experiments...

  7. Democratic design experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ehn, Pelle; Brandt, Eva; Halse, Joachim

    2016-01-01

    we here see design engagements which are both controversial in their commitment to agendas of social change and experimental in the sense that they openly probe for what can possibly be enacted. In this conversation we want to explore how such engagements may be seen as democratic design experiments...

  8. Democratic contract law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the normative relationship between contract law and democracy. In particular, it argues that in order to be legitimate contract law needs to have a democratic basis. Private law is not different in this respect from public law. Thus, the first claim made in this article will

  9. The performance of cultural citizenship: audiences and the politics of multicultural television drama

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mueller, F; Hermes, J.

    2010-01-01

    Popular culture has been suggested as an important resource for the performance of cultural citizenship (Hermes, 2005; Morley, 2006). In this paper, we address this suggestion by investigating how multicultural television drama may be used to build connections and strengthen civic culture in

  10. The performance of cultural citizenship: audiences and the politics of multicultural television drama

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F Mueller; J. Hermes

    2010-01-01

    Popular culture has been suggested as an important resource for the performance of cultural citizenship (Hermes, 2005; Morley, 2006). In this paper, we address this suggestion by investigating how multicultural television drama may be used to build connections and strengthen civic culture in multicu

  11. The Impact of the New Nationalism and Identity Politics on Cultural Policymaking in Europe and Beyond

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duelund, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Factors such as globalization, European integration and migration have led to a resurgence of nationalism. This trend is increasingly reflected in national and regional public cultural policy in Europe. How are shall we nationally and on a pan-European level this trend and cultural policy challenge...... of neonationalism in european cultural policy and reflect in a theoretical perspective some of the national and pan-european cultural policy challenges Europe will need to face in the 21st century. What steps, if any, should be taken by the Council of Europe, EU and other cultural players who want to translate...

  12. The Impact of the New Nationalism and Identity Politics on Cultural Policymaking in Europe and Beyond

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duelund, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Factors such as globalization, European integration and migration have led to a resurgence of nationalism. This trend is increasingly reflected in national and regional public cultural policy in Europe. How are shall we nationally and on a pan-European level this trend and cultural policy challenge......? What steps should i.e.be implemented by the Council of Europe and other pan- European cultural policy bodies? Which are the cultural challenges in implementing "golden" concepts such as multiple identity development, cultural diversity, intercultural dialogue and cultural heritage protection? How...... to realize and cultural policy reflects the vision of a people's Europe with the individual citizens as the pivotal centers in pluratistic democracies dominated by equality, freedom and solidarity? The article gives on background of Peter Duelund European Research 2008-2011 examples of the tendencies...

  13. Ethnicity as a socio-cultural basis for the development of the political process in modern Scotland: theoretical and methodological aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evgenii Turin

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The author attempts to analyze the socio-cultural foundation of the political process in modern Scotland, in light of scientific approaches to understanding ethnicity and national identity. The article substantiates the conclusion that the determining factor of political change in the relationship between Holyrood and Westminster was the revival of Scottish national identity, which supporters of the British nation chauvinism prefer to be called "nationalism." In contrast, the term the authors suggest using the term "ethnicity" (ethnicity Scots, which, in their view, more consistent with the historical and political realities of Scotland. The authors believe that it is ethnicity is one of the most important socio-cultural foundations of the political process in modern Scotland.

  14. 浅析思想政治教育文化环境的优化%A Brief Analysis on Optimizing Ideological and Political Education Cultural Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王喜

    2014-01-01

    文化环境在思想政治教育的社会环境中有着至关重要的地位,同时,它也是思想政治教育基础理论研究的重要内容。在信息高度发达的当今社会,思想政治教育面临的文化环境有开放性、复杂性、动态性等特点。在全球化、网络化以及文化迅速传播的背景下,思想政治教育文化环境遭遇着的转型,同时将对思想政治教育文化的优化带来契机。%Cultural environment plays a vital role in social environment of ideological and political education ,and meanwhile ,it is also an important part of the basic theory of ideological and political ed-ucation study .In today’s society that information technology is highly developed ,ideological and politi-cal education is facing an cultural environment with open ,complex and dynamic characteristics .Under the background of globalization ,networking and the rapid spread of culture ,cultural environment of i-deological and political education is suffering transformation ,while opportunities will be brought to op-timize ideological and political education culture .

  15. Democracy and Cultural Psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Steffen Moltrup Ernø

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses a theme touched upon in Robert Innis’s article on cultural psych- ology and philosophy, namely how we, within cultural psychology, seem to be undecided about how best to provide value on a societal level. It is discussed how psychology has provided us with several valuable...... tools for examining and understanding our own exist- ence, despite the fact that it is also a field that has seemed to be in one crisis after another since its inception. It is argued that cultural psychology is an intellectual tech- nology that allows us to peek under the hood of society, which...... is of utmost importance in today’s society, where democratic ideals are under severe pressure. Corporations, industries, and privileged individuals exercise increased control over political processes, having created obscure systems by which they operate. It is concluded that cultural psychology needs to find...

  16. Democracy and Cultural Psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Steffen Moltrup Ernø

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses a theme touched upon in Robert Innis’s article on cultural psych- ology and philosophy, namely how we, within cultural psychology, seem to be undecided about how best to provide value on a societal level. It is discussed how psychology has provided us with several valuable...... tools for examining and understanding our own exist- ence, despite the fact that it is also a field that has seemed to be in one crisis after another since its inception. It is argued that cultural psychology is an intellectual tech- nology that allows us to peek under the hood of society, which...... is of utmost importance in today’s society, where democratic ideals are under severe pressure. Corporations, industries, and privileged individuals exercise increased control over political processes, having created obscure systems by which they operate. It is concluded that cultural psychology needs to find...

  17. 论民主制度的政治文化条件%On Political and Cultural Conditions for Democratic System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施雪华; 李凯

    2008-01-01

    政治文化对于民主政治建设具有重要意义.本文从欧洲启蒙运动对近现代西方民主制度的影响谈起,论述了中国传统政治文化的特征及其与现代民主政治精神的悖离,最后从宏观上提出了当代中国建立社会主义民主政治所需要的政治文化条件.本文的理论支撑点是政治文化对政治行为具有逻辑上的解释力和预见性.

  18. 论《民报》的美国政治文化传播——基于媒介文本生成的视角%Communication of American Political Culture in Minbao ——From the Perspective of Medium Text Generation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷晓彤

    2012-01-01

    Minbao introduces American politics through various forms,especially focuses on American democratic ideas reflected in the American political system.The importance of American political culture,which isn't most themes reported by Minbao,has got the sufficient affirmation of Minbao,the reason for it is that a single party can not control the medium text generation,which depends on both sides of communication.%《民报》通过多种形式介绍美国政治,特别聚焦于美国政治制度所反映出的美式民主观念。美国政治文化的重要性得到了《民报》充分的肯定,但并非《民报》报道最多的题材,其原因在于媒介文本的形成并非单一方可以左右,而是取决于传受双方。

  19. Dingpolitik and the Expansion of the Democratic Public Sphere?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stephensen, Jan Løhmann

    2016-01-01

    Theories that challenge the anthropocentric view of democracy and political participation in broader terms have in recent years attracted much attention. This has for instance been the case with Bruno Latour’s so-called ‘politics of things’ (Dingpolitik); and in direct extension of this, Noortje......, that on closer scrutiny turns out to be anything but democratic, this cluster of new theories, that often go under the name of ‘new materialism', seem to radicalize this critique in order to include non-human agency into the realms of politics and democracy. Rather than subscribing to this metaphor of a rupture...

  20. Actes de présence : Presence in fascist political culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peters, Rik

    2006-01-01

    In order to discuss the notion of presence, I explore Fascist Italy as an example of a presence-based culture. In the first part of this paper, I focus on the doctrines of "the philosopher of Fascism," Giovanni Gentile (1875-1944), in order to show that his programme of cultural awakening revolves a