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Sample records for deividas valinas rasa

  1. Níveis de isoleucina e de valina digestíveis para poedeiras comerciais

    OpenAIRE

    Marques, Rafael Henrique [UNESP

    2012-01-01

    Dois experimentos foram realizados com o objetivo de se avaliar o desempenho, a qualidade dos ovos, o balanço de nitrogênio, a concentração de aminoácidos plasmáticos e o custo da ração de poedeiras formuladas à base de milho e farelo de soja, com diferentes níveis de isoleucina (0,55%; 0,62% e 0,70%) e de valina digestíveis (0,60%; 0,67% e 0,75%). Foram utilizadas 640 poedeiras Isa Brown, com 40 semanas de idade, distribuídas em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 3...

  2. CARA MENGHILANGKAN RASA DAN BAU PADA PENGOLAHAN AIR MINUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Soewasti Soesanto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu syarat kualitas air minum adalah tidak berwarna, tidak ada rasa, dan tidak berbau. Kebanyakan konsumen air minum menilai baik tidaknya kualitas air minum hanya secara visual, keruh atau jernih, berwarna atau tidak dan dengan indera pengecap apakah ada rasa atau tidak serta dengan indera pencium; berbau atau tidak. Tulisan ini hanya akan membahas dua aspek yaitu rasa dan bau yang sering dikeluhkan oleh konsumen.Sumber kontaminasi yang menimbulkan rasa dan bau dalam air dapat bersifat alami maupun anthropogenik.Untuk menghilangkan rasa dan bau karena sebab alami ada beberapa pilihan cara pengolahan yaitu sedimentasi konvensional secara gaya berat (Conventional Gravity Sedimentatin = CGS dan pengembangan udara terlarut (Dissolved Air Flotation = DAF, ozonisasi dan filtrasi dengan karbon aktif granular (Granular Activated Carbon = GAC. 

  3. Lessons Learned In Aerosol Monitoring With The RASA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Forrester, Joel B.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Carty, Fitz; Comes, Laura; Eslinger, Paul W.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Haas, Derek A.; Hayes, James C.; Kirkham, Randy R.; Lepel, Elwood A.; Litke, Kevin E.; Miley, Harry S.; Morris, Scott J.; Schrom, Brian T.; Van Davelaar, Peter; Woods, Vincent T.

    2011-01-01

    The Radionuclide Aerosol Sampler/Analyzer (RASA) is an automated aerosol collection and analysis system designed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in the 1990's and is deployed in several locations around the world as part of the International Monitoring System (IMS) required under the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). The RASA operates unattended, save for regularly scheduled maintenance, iterating samples through a three-step process on a 24-hour interval. In its 15-year history, much has been learned from the operation and maintenance of the RASA that can benefit engineering updates or future aerosol systems. On 11 March 2011, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and tsunami rocked the eastern coast of Japan, resulting in power loss and cooling failures at the Daiichi nuclear power plants in Fukushima Prefecture. Aerosol collections were conducted with the RASA in Richland, WA. We present a summary of the lessons learned over the history of the RASA, including lessons taken from the Fukushima incident, regarding the RASA IMS stations operated by the United States.

  4. Relación valina:lisina digestible en la dieta de pollos de engorda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Potença

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo fue evaluar el efecto de la relación valina:lisina digestible (Val:Lys dig en la dieta de pollos de engorda en el período de 1 a 14 días de edad sobre el comportamiento productivo, emplume, diámetro y perfil de fibras musculares. Se utilizaron 1,800 pollos de engorda Cobb de un día de edad, distribuidos en un diseño experimental completamente al azar con cinco tratamientos, seis repeticiones y 36 aves por unidad experimental. Los tratamientos consistieron de diferentes relaciones de Val:Lys dig (66, 71, 76, 81 y 86 %. La relación Val:Lys dig no afectó ( P >0.05 el comportamiento productivo de las aves. Sin embargo, hubo efecto lineal positivo ( P 0.05 por los tratamientos. Se concluye que la relación Val:Lys de 66 % es suficiente para maximizar el comportamiento productivo de pollos de engorda en la fase de 1 a 14 días, no obstante, una mayor relación de Val:Lys dig (76 % es necesaria para maximizar el crecimiento de las fibras musculares.

  5. Atualização da proteína ideal para frangos de corte: arginina, isoleucina, valina e triptofano

    OpenAIRE

    Campos,Anastácia Maria de Araújo; Rostagno,Horacio Santiago; Nogueira,Eduardo Terra; Albino,Luiz Fernando Teixeira; Pereira,João Paulo Leles; Maia,Rosana Cardoso

    2012-01-01

    Dois experimentos foram realizados com o objetivo de determinar as relações adequadas de arginina:lisina, isoleucina:lisina, valina:lisina e triptofano:lisina digestíveis para frangos machos nas fases inicial (7 a 21 dias) e de crescimento (28 a 40 dias de idade). Um total de 1.800 frangos no período inicial e de 1.440 no período de crescimento foi distribuído em delineamento inteiramente casualizado com 9 tratamentos e oito repetições de 25 e 20 aves por unidade experimental nos períodos ini...

  6. Comportamiento volumétrico de la DL-valina en soluciones acuosas de nitrato de sodio a diferentes temperaturas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Páez-Meza

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Se determinaron las densidades de la DL-valina (Ácido 2-amino-3-metilbutanoico en soluciones acuosas de nitrato de sodio en el intervalo de temperaturas desde 283.15 K hasta 318.15 K usando un densímetro de tubo vibratorio Anton Paar DMA 5000. Se calcularon: los volúmenes molares aparentes, los volúmenes molares aparentes a dilución infinita, la segunda derivada de los volúmenes molares parciales a dilución infinita con respecto a la temperatura, así como los volúmenes molares parciales de transferencia y los números de hidratación. Los resultados obtenidos se discutieron en términos de las interacciones predominantes en solución, encontrándose que la DL-valina tiene un efecto disruptor de la estructura del solvente y que a dilución infinita predominan las interacciones soluto-solvente entre el grupo isopropil del aminoácido y los iones sodio y nitrato.

  7. Procedures manual for the ORNL Radiological Survey Activities (RASA) Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Myrick, T.E.; Berven, B.A.; Cottrell, W.D.; Goldsmith, W.A.; Haywood, F.F.

    1987-04-01

    The portion of the radiological survey program performed by ORNL is the subject of this Procedures Manual. The RASA group of the Health and Safety Research Division (HASRD) at ORNL is responsible for the planning, conducting, and reporting of the results of radiological surveys at specified sites and associated vicinity properties. The results of these surveys are used by DOE in determining the need for and extent of remedial actions. Upon completion of the necessary remedial actions, the ORNL-RASA group or other OOS contractor may be called upon to verify the effectiveness of the remedial action. Information from these postremedial action surveys is included as part of the data base used by DOE in certifying a site for unrestricted use

  8. Procedures manual for the ORNL Radiological Survey Activities (RASA) Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Myrick, T.E.; Berven, B.A.; Cottrell, W.D.; Goldsmith, W.A.; Haywood, F.F.

    1987-04-01

    The portion of the radiological survey program performed by ORNL is the subject of this Procedures Manual. The RASA group of the Health and Safety Research Division (HASRD) at ORNL is responsible for the planning, conducting, and reporting of the results of radiological surveys at specified sites and associated vicinity properties. The results of these surveys are used by DOE in determining the need for and extent of remedial actions. Upon completion of the necessary remedial actions, the ORNL-RASA group or other OOS contractor may be called upon to verify the effectiveness of the remedial action. Information from these postremedial action surveys is included as part of the data base used by DOE in certifying a site for unrestricted use.

  9. Rasa Smite ja Raitis Smits (E-LAB) / Rasa Smite, Raitis Smits ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smite, Rasa

    2006-01-01

    Läti kunstnikest Rasa Smitest (sünd. 1969) ja Raitis Smitsist (sünd. 1966), nende loomingust, vestlus kunstnikega 2000. a. Amsterdamis. 1996. a. E-LAB-i rajanud kunstnikud toodavad Internetis heliteoseid. Koos Janis Garancsiga asutasid 1997. a. võrguaudio loojate jaoks meililoendi xchange. Nende võrguaudioprogrammi "Ozone" saadetakse Riiast Interneti kaudu eetrisse üle terve maailma. Annavad välja ajakirja "Acoustic.Space"

  10. Pengembangan Merek dan Pengkajian Strategi Pemasaran di Depot Rasa Suka Kediri

    OpenAIRE

    Raharjo, Rini; Surjani, Rosita Meitha; Rinawiyanti, Esti Dwi

    2013-01-01

    Depot Rasa Suka is a culinary business that provides a variety of Indonesian dishes. However people still do not know and yet loyal to Depot Rasa Suka due to the unavailability of parking space, quite a long serving time, hot room, less attractive promotion and room design. Therefore Depot Rasa Suka need to devise strategies to develop brands through brand equity analysis and improvement of brand elements as well as designing a marketing strategies. The goal of this research is to make Depot ...

  11. Exigência de valina e isoleucina para codornas de corte no período de um a 14 dias e de 15 a 35 dias de idade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Batista

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Foram conduzidos dois experimentos, com o objetivo de estimar a exigência de valina e isoleucina digestível para codornas de corte em crescimento. No experimento 1, foram utilizadas 2.160 codornas de corte de um dia de idade, não sexadas, distribuídas em um delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, com arranjo fatorial 4x4, sendo quatro níveis de valina digestível (0,90, 1,10, 1,30 e 1,50% e quatro níveis de isoleucina digestível (0,80, 1,00, 1,20 e 1,40%, totalizando 16 tratamentos, com três repetições e 45 codornas por unidade experimental. O peso corporal, o ganho de peso e a biomassa corporal acumulada aumentaram linearmente em função dos níveis de valina digestível e foram influenciados de forma quadrática, estimando 1,38% de isoleucina digestível. No experimento 2, foram utilizadas 1.440 codornas de corte não sexadas, distribuídas em um delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, com arranjo fatorial 4x4, sendo quatro níveis de valina digestível (0,82, 1,02, 1,22 e 1,42% e quatro níveis de isoleucina digestível (0,73, 0,93, 1,13 e 1,33%, totalizando 16 tratamentos, com três repetições e 30 codornas por unidade experimental. O desempenho de codornas de corte, no período de 15 a 35 dias de idade, não foi influenciado pelo aumento dos níveis de valina e isoleucina digestível nas rações experimentais. Conclui-se que as exigências de valina e isoleucina digestível para o máximo desempenho de codornas de corte, no período de um a 14 dias de idade, foram de 1,50% e 1,38%, respectivamente, correspondendo às relações valina:lisina de 95% e isoleucina:lisina de 88%. Os menores níveis avaliados, no período de 15 a 35 dias de idade, de 0,82% de valina digestível e de 0,73% de isoleucina digestível, correspondendo às relações valina:lisina de 52% e isoleucina: lisina de 46%, foram suficientes para satisfazer as exigências nutricionais das codornas de corte sem comprometer o desempenho.

  12. Níveis de isoleucina e valina digestíveis em dietas contendo farinha de carne e ossos para poedeiras comerciais

    OpenAIRE

    Gravena, Rodrigo Antonio [UNESP

    2012-01-01

    Avaliou-se o desempenho, a qualidade de ovos, o metabolismo de nitrogênio e os níveis de aminoácidos plasmáticos de poedeiras comerciais alimentadas com rações formuladas à base de milho e farelo de soja com a inclusão de farinha de carne e ossos e diferentes relações de isoleucina:lisina e valina:lisina digestíveis. Foram utilizadas 640 poedeiras da linhagem Isa Brown com 40 semanas de idade distribuídas em delineamento inteiramente casualizado em esquema fatorial 3x3+1, sendo 0,55; 0,62 e 0...

  13. Exigência de valina e isoleucina para codornas de corte no período de um a 14 dias e de 15 a 35 dias de idade

    OpenAIRE

    Batista,E.; Furlan,A.C.; Marcato,S.M.; Pozza,P.C.; Ton,A.P.S.; Grieser,D.O.; Zancanela,V.; Stanquevis,C.E.; Perine,T.P.; Benites,M.I.; Euzébio,T.C.; Paula,V.R.C.

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO Foram conduzidos dois experimentos, com o objetivo de estimar a exigência de valina e isoleucina digestível para codornas de corte em crescimento. No experimento 1, foram utilizadas 2.160 codornas de corte de um dia de idade, não sexadas, distribuídas em um delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, com arranjo fatorial 4x4, sendo quatro níveis de valina digestível (0,90, 1,10, 1,30 e 1,50%) e quatro níveis de isoleucina digestível (0,80, 1,00, 1,20 e 1,40%), totalizando 16 tratamentos, com t...

  14. Dentistry and Ayurveda-III (basics - ama, immunity, ojas, rasas, etiopathogenesis and prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amruthesh Sunita

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article of the series Dentistry and Ayurveda describes in brief, the basic principlesand unique concepts involved in Ayurveda namely the concepts of Ama, Ojas, Rasas (tastes-types and the factors affecting the choice of the drug / medicine etc., immunity, etiopathogenesis and prevention of diseases in Ayurveda in general.

  15. Aesthetics of emotional acting: an argument for a Rasa-based criticism of Indian cinema and television

    OpenAIRE

    Roy, Piyush

    2017-01-01

    The thesis explores elements of Sanskrit drama studies, its philosophy of aesthetics, Hindu theology and Indian cinema studies. It seeks to identify and appreciate the continual influence of a pioneering and influential idea from the Indian subcontinent’s cultural memory and history – the ‘theory of aesthetics’, also known as the ‘Rasa Theory’. The rasa theory is a seminal contribution of the ancient Indian Sanskrit drama textbook, the Natyashastra, whose postulates have provid...

  16. Rasa: estética e semiose na Índia

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    José Luiz Martinez

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Na Índia, desde a antiguidade, a representação artí­stica é realizada pela conjugação das artes. Música vocal e instrumental, dança e teatro constituem uma unidade multimidiática englobada pelo termo sangita. Uma extensa literatura de tratados em sânscrito, assim como uma tradição milenar de debate acadêmico, discutem não apenasquestões técnicas e normativas das artes, mas sobretudo a construção de significado e o processo de percepção estética. A teoria do rasa (sentimento, essência é uma das contribuições indianas mais importantes nessa área. Neste artigo, intermeando uma visãopanorâmica desse amplo campo de pesquisa, proponho algumas interpretações semióticas (de acordo com a teoria do signo de Charles Peirce a respeito da teoria do rasa.Abstract: In India, for millenia, artistic representation is the result of the conjunction of arts. Vocal and instrumental music, dance and theater constitute a multimediatic unity, circumscribed by the term sangita. A vast literature of sanskrit treatises, as well as an ancient tradition of academic debate, discuss not only normative and technical questions in performing arts, but above all the ways of constructing meaning and the process of aesthetic perception. The theory of rasa (feeling, essence is one of the most importantIndian contributions to this area. In this article, permeating a panoramic view of this broad field of research, I propose a semiotic interpretation (according to the sign theory of Charles Peirce of the rasa theory.

  17. Hubungan Tingkat Upah dengan Produktivitas Kerja pada Perusahaan Kecap Sumber Rasa di Desa Temukus

    OpenAIRE

    ., Kadek Rai Suwena, S.Pd., M.Pd.; ., Drs. I Made Nuridja, M.Pd.; ., I Ketut Alit Wiantara

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan tingkat upah terhadap produktivitas kerja pada Perusahaan kecap sumber rasa di Desa Temukus. Populasi dan sampel pada penelitian ini adalah sebanyak 30 orang karyawan pada Perusahaan tersebut. Metode analisis data yang digunakan untuk menguji hipotesis adalah korelasi produk moment. Alat uji yang digunakan untuk menguji hipotesis adalah SPSS versi 19. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah 1) Pemberian upah tenaga kerja di Perusahaan Kecap Sumber R...

  18. POTENSI HIDROLISAT TEMPE SEBAGAI PENYEDAP RASA MELALUI PEMANFAATAN EKSTRAK BUAH NANAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Machin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan perlunya pengembangan penyedap rasa alternatif berbahan hidrolisat tempe dan proses pembuatannya, menguji jenis asam amino, kadar protein dan uji organoleptik. Metode eksperimen digunakan pada penelitian ini. Pengujian jenis asam amino melalui teknik kromatografi, kadar protein terlarut melalui metode Biuret dan uji organoleptik produk dibandingkan penyedap rasa sintetis. Hasil yang didapatkan adalah pengembangan penyedap rasa hidrolisat tempe perlu dilakukan karena alasan dampak mengkonsumsi penyedap rasa sintetis, pengembangan teknologi, sumber penghasilan dan potensi penelitian. Proses pembuatannya melalui penambahan sari nanas pada tempe yang telah dikukus dan diblender dengan perbandingan tempe:air:sari nanas 1: 0,5:0,5. Pengovenan selama 2 jam pada suhu 55ºC, penambahan dektrin + NaCl (masing-masing sebanyak 0,5 gr/100 gr tempe, pengovenan kembali selama 2 jam pada suhu 55ºC. Perlakuan B2 (pengovenan pada suhu 55ºC selama 2 jam menghasilkan asam glutamat. Produk ini berpotensi membentuk monosodium glutamat dengan penambahan NaCl. Jumlah protein terlarut dipengaruhi oleh lama pengovenan dan suhu. Produk hidrolisat tempe sebagai penyedap rasa menghasilkan rerata kesukaan warna (3,3 = menarik, aroma (3,9 = sangat suka dan menghasilkan cita rasa sama jika ditambahakan sebanyak 2 kali dibandingkan penyedap rasa sintetis.This research was aimed to describe the need for the development of alternative flavor made from hydrolyzated tempe and its manufacturing process, to test the types of amino acid, to measure the protein levels and to test the favor organoleptically. This was an experimental study. The types of amino acid was tested using chromatographic technique, the level of soluble protein was tested using Biuret method and the products were compared organoleptically. The study showed that the development of hydrolyzated tempe flavoring needs to be performed by the reason of the impact of

  19. Asuhan Keperawatan pada Tn. A yang Mengalami Perilaku Kekerasan dengan Prioritas Masalah Kebutuhan Dasar Rasa Amandan Nyaman di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Prof. Dr. MIldrem Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Pasaribu, Nengsih

    2016-01-01

    132500049 Hierarchy of needs (hirarki kebutuhan) dari Abraham Maslow memperhatikan bahwa manusia memiliki 5 tingkat kebutuhan yaitu physiological needs (kebutuhan fisiologis), safety and security needs (kebutuhan akan rasa aman dan nyaman), love and belonging needs (kebutuhan akan rasa kasih sayang dan rasa memiliki), esteem needs (kebutuhan akan harga diri), dan self-actualization (kebutuhan akan aktualisasi diri). Apabila dari salah satu kebutuhan tersebut tidak terpenuhi dapat berakiba...

  20. RASA1 analysis guides management in a family with capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flore, Leigh Anne; Leon, Eyby; Maher, Tom A; Milunsky, Jeff M

    2012-06-01

    Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation (CM-AVM; MIM 60354) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by multifocal cutaneous capillary malformations, often in association with fast-flow vascular lesions, which may be cutaneous, subcutaneous, intramuscular, intraosseus, or cerebral arteriovenous malformations or arteriovenous fistulas. CM-AVM results from heterozygous mutations in the RASA1 gene. Capillary malformations of the skin are common, and clinical examination alone may not be able to definitively diagnose-or exclude- CM-AVM. We report a family in which the proband was initially referred for a genetic evaluation in the neonatal period because of the presence of a cardiac murmur and minor dysmorphic features. Both he and his mother were noted to have multiple capillary malformations on the face, head, and extremities. Echocardiography revealed dilated head and neck vessels and magnetic resonance imaging and angiography of the brain revealed a large infratentorial arteriovenous fistula, for which he has had two embolization procedures. RASA1 sequence analysis revealed a heterozygous mutation, confirming his diagnosis of CM-AVM. We established targeted mutation analysis for the proband's mother and sister, the latter of whom is a healthy 3-year-old whose only cutaneous finding is a facial capillary malformation. This revealed that the proband's mother is also heterozygous for the RASA1 mutation, but his sister is negative. Consequently, his mother will undergo magnetic resonance imaging and angiography screening for intracranial and spinal fast-flow lesions, while his sister will require no imaging or serial evaluations. Targeted mutation analysis has been offered to additional maternal family members. This case illustrates the benefit of molecular testing in diagnosis and making screening recommendations for families with CM-AVM.

  1. Rasa Nirdhāraṇa (assessment of taste of Leonotis nepetifolia (L. R. Br.: A preliminary study in healthy volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reshmi Pushpan

    2014-01-01

    Results and Conclusion: On analyzing the data it was found that Leonotis nepetifolia possess predominantly tikta rasa (bitter taste followed by Kasāya rasa (astringent taste. Recent researches and ethnomedicinal claims on Leonotis nepetifolia stand comparable with the pharmacological activities attributed to tikta and kasāya rasa in Ayurvedic classics Rasa nirdhāraṇa can be one of the preliminary steps to initiate the process of screening of an unknown drug along the lines of Ayurvedic pharmacology specially because rasa is the only perceivable parameter. According to Ayurveda, rasa of a dravya has a bearing on its karma (pharmacological action and the identification of rasa could be one of the subjective means for inferring pāρcabhautika constitution of a substance which in turn could help in tentatively inferring guṇa, vîrya and vipāka of the dravya. This paper demonstrates how a simple method can be used without any instruments to do a preliminary assessment of the rasa or taste of a plant.

  2. Atualização da proteína ideal para frangos de corte: arginina, isoleucina, valina e triptofano Updating of the ideal protein for broilers: arginine, isoleucine, valine and tryptophan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastácia Maria de Araújo Campos

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Dois experimentos foram realizados com o objetivo de determinar as relações adequadas de arginina:lisina, isoleucina:lisina, valina:lisina e triptofano:lisina digestíveis para frangos machos nas fases inicial (7 a 21 dias e de crescimento (28 a 40 dias de idade. Um total de 1.800 frangos no período inicial e de 1.440 no período de crescimento foi distribuído em delineamento inteiramente casualizado com 9 tratamentos e oito repetições de 25 e 20 aves por unidade experimental nos períodos inicial e de crescimento, respectivamente. As relações utilizadas no período inicial foram: 100, 105 e 110 arginina:lisina; 60, 65 e 70 isoleucina:lisina; 70, 75 e 80 valina:lisina; 15, 16 e 17 triptofano:lisina; e, no período de crescimento: 95, 105 e 115 arginina:lisina; 58, 67 e 76 isoleucina:lisina; 71,5, 77 e 82,5 valina:lisina; 14, 17 e 20 triptofano:lisina. As dietas experimentais foram formuladas atendendo às exigências mínimas de nutrientes, exceto lisina digestível (1.08% para o período inicial e 0.98% para o crescimento. No final dos experimentos, foram determinados o ganho de peso, o consumo de ração, a conversão alimentar, o peso e os rendimentos de peito e de filé de peito. No período inicial, não houve efeito das relações arginina:lisina e triptofano:lisina sobre os parâmetros avaliados, entretanto houve efeito linear das relações isoleucina:lisina e valina:lisina sobre o ganho de peso e a conversão alimentar das aves. No período de crescimento, as relações arginina:lisina influenciaram linearmente o ganho de peso e a conversão alimentar. Houve efeito quadrático das relações isoleucina:lisina, valina:lisina e triptofano:lisina sobre o ganho de peso. O aumento das relações isoleucina:lisina e valina:lisina resulta em melhor desempenho das aves no período de 7 a 21 dias de idade. As relações isoleucina:lisina, valina:lisina e triptofano:lisina indicadas para frangos de corte de 28 a 40 dias de idade são de

  3. Spectroscopic and E-tongue evaluation of medicinal plants: A taste of how rasa can be studied.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayasundar, Rama; Ghatak, Somenath

    The use of medicinal plants in Ayurveda is based on rasa, generally taken to represent taste as a sensory perception. This chemosensory parameter plays an important role in Ayurvedic pharmacology. The aim is to explore the use of structuro-functional information deduced from analytical techniques for the rasa-based classification of medicinal plants in Ayurveda. Methods of differential sensing and spectroscopic metabolomics have been used in select medicinal plants from three different taste categories (sweet, pungent and multiple taste): Tribulus terrestris, Vitis vinifera and Glycyrrhiza glabra from sweet category; Piper longum, Cuminum cyminum and Capsicum annum from pungent group; Emblica officinalis with five tastes. While Electronic tongue was used for evaluation of the sensorial property of taste, the chemical properties were studied with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) and Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). In terms of taste and phytochemical profiles, all samples were unique but with similarities within each group. While the sensor response in E-tongue showed similarities within the sweet and pungent categories, NMR spectra in the aromatic region showed close similarities between the plants in the sweet category. The sensory, phytochemical and phytoelemental profiles of E. officinalis (with five rasa) in particular, were unique. A combination of sensorial and chemical descriptors is a promising approach for a comprehensive evaluation and fingerprinting of the Ayurvedic pharmacological parameter rasa. Copyright © 2016 Transdisciplinary University, Bangalore and World Ayurveda Foundation. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Pengaruh Perceived Quality, Perceived Sacrifice, Perceived Value, Dan Price Fairness Terhadap Customer Satisfaction Taman Sari Rasa Waterpark Cilacap

    OpenAIRE

    Rifqi, Viola Amdya; Endratno, Hermin

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis pengaruh perceived quality, perceived sacrifice, perceived value, dan price fairness terhadap customer satisfaction Taman Sari Rasa Waterpark Cilacap. Dimana variabel independen dalam penelitian ini adalah perceived quality, perceived sacrifice, perceived value, dan price fairness, sedangkan variabel dependen dalam penelitian ini adalah customer satisfaction.Analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan uji v...

  5. MODEL PEMBINAAN RASA KEBANGSAAN MELALUI CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION PADA MASYARAKAT ENTIKONG WILAYAH PERBATASAN INDONESIA-MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mardawani Mardawani

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study is motivated by the condition of West Kalimantan as one of the provinces whose territory is directly adjacent to the Malaysian state is often faced with a condition of society interacting with each other in the context of social life, economy and culture. The qualitative assessment method with case study type. The model of fostering nationalism through citizenship educationin Entikong society The border region of Indonesia Malaysia is a persuasive model by inviting the community to actively participate in the success of government programs   Abstrak: Kajian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh kondisi Kalimantan Barat sebagai salah satu provinsi yang wilayahnya berbatasan langsung dengan negara Malaysia sering sekali dihadapkan pada suatu kondisi masyarakat yang saling berinteraksi baik dalam konteks kehidupan sosial, ekonomi maupun budaya. Metode pengkajian menggunakan kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus. Model pembinaan rasa kebangsaan melalui citizenship education pada masyarakat Entikong Wilayah perbatasan Indonesia Malaysia adalah model persuasif dengan mengajak masyarakat berpartisipasi aktif mensukseskan program pemerintah   DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um019v2i12017p041

  6. MODEL CYCLE 7E TERPADU PROGRAM SEKOLAH UNTUK PENINGKATAN KARAKTER RASA INGIN TAHU DAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH

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    MM Heni Widiastuti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika model Cycle 7E terpadu program sekolah untuk peningkatan karakter rasa ingin tahu dan pemecahan masalah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangandengan menggunakan model Borg and Gall (1987. Perangkat pembelajaranyang dikembangkan adalah Silabus, RPP, LKPD, Buku Ajar Peserta Didik, CDPembelajaran, dan TKPM.  Subjek uji coba dalam penelitian ini adalah pesertadidik kelas X SMA PL Don Bosko. Teknik analisis data dengan analisis deskriptif,uji t, uji z, uji regresi, dan uji normalitas gain. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan dinyatakan valid dengan skor silabus4.51, RPP 4.34, LKPD 4.48, Buku Ajar Peserta Didik 4.41, CD Pembelajaran 4.54,dengan skor tertinggi 5 sedangkan TKPM memenuhi kriteria valid; 2 perangkatpembelajaran yang dikembangkan dinyatakan praktis karena respon positif  pesertadidik 91,98 % dan skor kemampuan guru mengajar 4.42 dari skor tertinggi 5; (3 ujicoba perangkat pembelajaran efektif karena  rata-rata hasil kemampuan pemecahanmasalah kelas eksperimen 81,07 melebihi KKM=73, rataan kelas ekperimen lebihtinggi daripada kelas kontrol, serta ada pengaruh positif  antara rasa ingin tahu danketerampilan pemecahan masalah terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah yangditunjukkan dengan persamaan regresi y ̂ =31,735  + 7,689x_1+ 7,207x_2 dengannilai pengaruh 64,6 %.AbstractThis research was aiming at developing mathematic learning device model Cycle 7E integratedwith school program to improve curiosity character and problem solving. The learning devicedeveloped covered Syllabus, Lesson Plan, Students Worksheet, Students Text Book, CD onLearning and Problem Solving Competence test. Technique of  data analysis was descriptiveanalysis ,t-test, z-test, regression test, and normality gain test. The result of  the researchshowed (1 learning deviced which was developed was stated valid with 4.51 for the syllabus,4

  7. Search for RASA1 Variants in Capillary Malformations of the Legs in 113 Children: Results from the French National Paediatric Cohort CONAPE

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    Annabel Maruani

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Patients with an inherited autosomal-dominant disorder, capillary malformation–arteriovenous malformation (CM-AVM, frequently have mutations in Ras P21 protein activator 1 (RASA1. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of germline RASA1 variants in a French multicentre national cohort of children, age range 2–12 years, with sporadic occurrence of capillary malformation (CM of the legs, whatever the associated abnormalities, and to identify genotype–phenotype correlates. DNA was extracted from leukocytes in blood samples, purified and amplified, and all exons of the RASA1 gene were analysed. Among 113 children analysed, 7 had heterozygous variants (6.1%. Four different variants were identified; 2 were new. In children with RASA1 variants, CMs were more frequently bilateral and multifocal. In conclusion, RASA1 variants are rarely found in children with sporadic CM of lower limbs without CM-AVM syndrome. CMs in this study were heterogeneous, and no disease-causing relationship could be proven.

  8. Terapi Akupresur Memberikan Rasa Tenang dan Nyaman serta Mampu Menurunkan Tekanan Darah Lansia

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    Yudi Abdul Majid

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Hipertensi yang terjadi pada lansiaberdampak buruk terhadap kesehatan dan kualitas hidup lansia. Kekhawatiran akan efek samping dari penggunaan obat-obatan yang dikeluhkan penderita hipertensi menjadikan terapi komplementer sebagai alternatif pilihan terapi. Sebagai terapi komplementer yang lebih murah, mudah, dan aman  akupresur dapat dijadikan salah satu terapi untuk mengatasi hipertensi pada lansia. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh akupresur terhadap tekanan darah lansia di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Teratai Palembang.Rancangan penelitian adalah quasi experimen dengan pendekatan  pre and post test control group. Pemilihan sampel dengan teknik concecutive sampling yang terdiri dari 32 responden, yang terbagi menjadi 16 responden kelompok perlakuan dan 16responden kontrol.  Kelompok perlakuan di intervensi akupresur sebanyak 3 kali dalam seminggu.Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna tekanan darah (sistole dan diastole responden antara sebelum dan sesudah akupresur pada kelompok perlakuan (p value 0,001 dan terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna tekanan darah (siastole responden kelompok perlakuan dan kontrol setelah akupresur (p value 0,008. Perbedaan tersebut terlihat dari penurunan rata-rata tekanan darah antara sebelum dan sesudah akupresur. Terapi akupresur yang dilakukan akan menstimulasi sel saraf sensorik disekitar titik akupresur akan diteruskan kemedula spinalis, kemudian ke mesensefalon dan komplek pituitari hipothalamus yang ketiganya diaktifkan untuk melepaskan hormon endorfin yang dapat memberikan rasa tenang dan nyaman. Akupresur juga menstimulai pelepasan histamin yang berpengaruh pada vasodilatsi pembuluh darah, kedua manfaat akupresur tersebut dapat menurunkan tekanan darah lansia. Kata Kunci: Akupresur, Hipertensi, Lansia ACUPRESSURE GIVING QUIET AND COMFORTABLE AND ABLE TO REDUCE BLOOD PRESSURE ELDERLY Abstract: Acupressure is the one of the complementary therapy. The

  9. Climate factors affecting fertility after cervical insemination during the first months of the breeding season in Rasa Aragonesa ewes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santolaria, P.; Yániz, J.; Fantova, E.; Vicente-Fiel, S.; Palacín, I.

    2014-09-01

    This study was carried out to examine the impact of several climate variables on the pregnancy rate after cervical artificial insemination (AI) of Rasa Aragonesa ewes. Data were derived from 8,977 inseminations in 76 well-managed flocks performed during the first month of the breeding season (July to October). The following data were recorded for each animal: farm, year, month of AI, parity, lambing-treatment interval, inseminating ram, AI technician, and climatic variables such as mean, maximum and minimum temperature, mean and maximum relative humidity, rainfall, and mean and maximum temperature-humidity index (THI) for each day from day 12 before AI to day 14 post-AI. Means were furthermore calculated for the following periods around AI (day 0): -12 to 0, -2 to 0, AI day, 0 to 2, and 0 to 14. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the likelihood of pregnancy decreased when maximum temperature in the 2 days prior to AI was higher than 30 °C (by a factor of 0.81). Fertility was also lower for primiparous ewes and in multiparous ewes with more than five previous parturitions. Other factors with significant impact on fertility were flock, technician, inseminating ram, and a lambing-AI interval longer than 240 days. It was concluded that the 2 days prior to AI seems to be the period when heat stress had the greatest impact on pregnancy rate in Rasa Aragonesa ewes.

  10. Effect of Sameera Pannaga Rasa (arsenomercurial formulation) in the management of Tamaka Shwasa (bronchial asthma) - Randomized double blind clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashru, Mayur; Galib, R; Shukla, Vinay J; Ravishankar, B; Prajapati, Pradeep Kumar

    2013-10-01

    Asthma represents a profound world-wide public health problem. The most effective anti-asthmatic drugs currently available include β2-agonists and glucocorticoids which can controls asthma in about 90-95% of patients. In Ayurveda, this miserable condition is comparable with Tamaka Shwasa type of Shwasa Roga. In the present study, 52 patients were treated with Sameera Pannaga Rasa at a dose of 30 mg twice a day for 4 weeks along with Nagavallidala (leaf of Piper betel Linn.) The results were assessed in terms of clinical recovery, symptomatic relief, pulmonary function improvement and on subjective and objective parameters. A significant improvement in subjective parameters, control on asthma, recurrence of asthma, increase in peak expiratory flow rate, considerable decrease in total and absolute, acute eosinophil count and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were observed. Overall marked improvement was found in 33.33%, moderate improvement in 44.44% and mild improvement in 20.00% was observed. The study reveals that Sameera Pannaga Rasa can be used as an effective drug in bronchial asthma.

  11. Role of thin-layer chromatography in ascertaining Kashaya Rasa (astringent taste) in medicinal plants on the concept of Samana and Vichitra Pratyayarabdha principles of Ayurveda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolhe, Rasika H; Acharya, Rabinarayan; Shukla, Vinay J

    2014-04-01

    Pharmacodynamics, in Ayurveda has been described in terms of Rasadipanchaka. Rasa, on one side indicates the Bhautika composition of the drug and on the other side predicts the action. Different analytical techniques, pharmaceutical processes are being used in Ayurveda for the purpose of standardization of raw drugs. In this study an attempt has been made to apply chromatographic technique in determination of Kashaya (astringent) Rasa (taste). Two important Kashaya dominant drugs Kulattha (Dolichos biflorus Linn.) and Kanchanara (Bauhinia variegata Linn.), falling under Vichitra and Samana Pratyayarabdha category respectively, were subjected to physicochemical parameters and qualitative tests followed by High-Performance Thin-Layer Chromatography (HPTLC). In light of chromatographic fingerprinting; sample preparation protocol is modified to incorporate taste threshold in correlation. Column chromatography is used for first-level discrimination technique followed by HPTLC. Kashaya Rasa Dominant Zone (KsRDZ) was separated and subjected to TLC fingerprinting. The KsRDZ fraction was designated as Botanical Reference Material (BRM) in further analysis. Ash value, Alcohol and water soluble extract value were more in B variegata as compared to D biflorus. Presence of tannin in both the samples was confirmed through qualitative test. The KsRDZ fraction separated at Rf 0.46 and 0.48 for Kulattha and Kanchanara respectively. The results showed that the planner chromatography technique seems very useful when BRM hypothesis was adjunct to method that explains the categorization according to traditional Rasa domain classification method.

  12. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS MASALAH BERMAIN PERAN UNTUK PENINGKATKAN RASA CINTA TANAH AIR SISWA KELAS V PADA MATERI PROKLAMASI KEMERDEKAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosnawati -

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian berfokus pada pengembangan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah-bermain peran untuk meningkatkan rasa cinta tanah air siswa. Tujuan  penelitian ini untuk mendapatkan model pembelajaran yang valid, efektif dan praktis. Metode penelitian ini adalah penelitian pengembangan. Sistem pendukung model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan antara lain silabus pembelajaran, Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran (RPP, Bahan Ajar dilengkapi dengan Lembar Kerja Siswa (LKS, serta instrumen pembelajaran yang terdiri dari Lembar observasi, lembar angket pengukuran rasa cinta tanah air, dan lembar soal. Penelitian dilakukan pada siswa kelas V SDN Muktiharjo Lor Genuk kota Semarang. Model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan tergolong valid. Respon positif siswa terhadap pembelajaran 80% dan guru memberi komentar yang baik, sehingga model pembelajaran yang dikembangkan praktis digunakan. Rasa cinta tanah air siswa pada kelas eksperimen berada pada kategori sangat tinggi, sedangkan pada kelas pembanding hanya mencapai kategori tinggi. Hasil belajar meningkat dengan kualitas peningkatan tinggi pada kelas eksperimen sedangkan pada kelas pembanding meningkat dengan kualitas peningkatan pada kategori sedang. The research focuses on the development of problembased learning-role playing model to enhance the students' patriotism. The purpose of this study was to obtain a valid learning model, effective and practical. The method is research and development. Support system of learning model developed include syllabus (planning for learning, Learning Implementation Plan (RPP, equipped with Instructional Materials Student Worksheet (LKS, as well as learning an instrument consisting of a sheet of observation, measurement questionnaire sheet of the students' patriotism, and the booklet. The study was conducted in fifth grade in SDN Muktiharjo Lor Genuk Semarang. Learning model developed relatively valid. The positive response of 80% of students towards learning and teachers gave

  13. Survey of pathogens in threatened wild red-tailed Amazon parrot (Amazona brasiliensis) nestlings in Rasa Island, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaz, Frederico Fontanelli; Serafini, Patrícia Pereira; Locatelli-Dittrich, Rosangela; Meurer, Rafael; Durigon, Edison Luiz; de Araújo, Jansen; Thomazelli, Luciano Matsumiya; Ometto, Tatiana; Sipinski, Elenise Angelotti Bastos; Sezerban, Rafael Meirelles; Abbud, Maria Cecília; Raso, Tânia Freitas

    The red-tailed Amazon parrot (Amazona brasiliensis) is a threatened species of psittacine bird that inhabit coastal regions of Brazil. In view of the threat of this species, the aim of this study was to perform a health evaluation in wild nestlings in Rasa Island, determining the prevalence of enterobacteria and infectious agents according to type of nest. Blood samples were collected from 64 birds and evaluated for antibodies of Chlamydia psittaci by commercial dot-blot ELISA. Cloacal and oropharyngeal swabs samples were collected from 23 birds from artificial wooden nests, 15 birds from PVC nests and 2 birds from natural nests for microbiological analysis. Swab samples were collected from 58 parrots for C. psittaci detection by PCR and from 50 nestlings for Avian Influenza, Newcastle Disease and West Nile viruses' detection analysis by real-time RT-PCR. Ten bacterial genera and 17 species were identified, and the most prevalent were Escherichia coli and Klebsiella oxytoca. There was no influence of the type of nest in the nestlings' microbiota. All samples tested by ELISA and PCR were negative. There is currently insufficient information available about the health of A. brasiliensis and data of this study provide a reference point for future evaluations and aid in conservation plans. Copyright © 2017 Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  14. Interação solo-estrutura para sistemas estruturais reticulados sobre fundações rasas

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    R. C. Pavan

    Full Text Available Neste artigo apresenta-se um programa para consideração da interação solo-estrutura na análise espacial de estruturas reticulares. O método empregado baseia-se na hipótese de Winkler, que admite molas discretas adjacentes as fundações rasas, simulando a influência dos recalques de apoio em estruturas tridimensionais. Embora o modelo seja 3D e, portanto, todos os seis graus de liberdade de cada apoio possam sofrer deslocamentos devidos a um recalque, neste artigo, a análise foi feita considerando apenas a influência da translação verticaldos apoios. O trabalho consiste em incorporar a metodologia para consideração de apoios flexíveis aos fluxogramas apresentados por Geree Weaver Jr. [1], utilizando o Método da Rigidez, o qual é amplamente empregado para análise de estruturas reticulares. Através da análiseintegrada, contemplando parâmetros da infraestrutura, supraestrutura e do terreno de fundação, comprovou-se que a deformabilidade do solotem influência significativa na redistribuição dos esforços e a vinculação entre solo e a estrutura que melhor descreve o comportamento físicode uma edificação é condição de apoios flexíveis.

  15. Conceptual and applied study of Snigdha and Ruksa Guna with special reference to Rasa-raktagata Sneha (hyperlipidemia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Sangram; Dwivedi, R R; Ravishankar, B

    2011-04-01

    Ayurveda as well as Philosophy accepted the Guna as the basic entity of the Sristi. The Maha Gunas, i.e., Sattva, Raja, and Tama are the prime energy, from where the universe evolves, along with human beings. Dravya and Guna both have a Samavayi relationship in which Gunas reside in Dravya and have a secondary place to it. Guna has multifold meanings according to its use, in social, cultural, philosophical, and literary fields. The concepts of Ayurveda are expressed with Gunas. Samanya and Visesa are usually expressed in terms of Gunas; the classification, description, and function of Dravyas depends upon Guna; Karmas are manifested forms of Guna and Samavaya is the eternal, intimate relation of Dravya and Guna. The principles like Triskandha (Hetu, linga, ousadhi) of Ayurveda also narrated by Gunas, Hetus are narrated in the terms of Guna; the Laksanas are the reflections in the status of Gunas of bodily elements, and Cikitsa is in the form of administration of Viparita Gunas. The increased elements are treated by opposite Guna. So if Ruksa Guna is increased then it is to be managed by Snigdha Guna and vice-versa. So diseases can be treated by applying the Gunas, and drugs for the required patient can be selected by applying these Gunas. In support of the above concept, a study on the persons of Rasa-raktagata Sneha (hyperlipidemia) has been carried out assuming that the condition is an increased state of Snigdha Guna and treatment is done using Ruksa property drugs. Patients were divided into two groups, i.e., treatment group (Ruksa Guna drugs) and control group (placebo). The results were assessed after 45 days with the help of a specially prepared pro forma. All the important hematological, biochemical, and urine investigations were done. According to subjective and objective criteria, significant results were found for Group A as compared to Group B.

  16. Assessment of Genotoxic Potential of Hridayarnava Rasa (A Herbo-Mineralo-Metallic Ayurvedic Formulation) Using Chromosomal Aberration and Sperm Abnormality Assays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jagtap, Chandrashekhar Y.; Chaudhari, Swapnil Y.; Thakkar, Jalaram H.; Galib, R.; Prajapati, P. K.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Herbo-mineral formulations are being successfully used in therapeutics since centuries. But recently, they came under the scanner for their metallic contents especially the presence of heavy metals. Hence it is the need of the hour to assess and establish the safety of these formulations through toxicity studies. In line with the various toxicity studies that are being carried out, Government of India expressed the need for conducting genotoxicity studies of different metal- or mineral-based drugs. Till date very few Ayurvedic herbo-mineral formulations have been studied for their genotoxic potential. The present study is aimed to evaluate the genotoxic potential of Hridayarnava Rasa. Materials and Methods: It was prepared as per classical guidelines and administered to Swiss albino mice for 14 consecutive days. Chromosomal aberration and sperm abnormality assay were done to evaluate the genotoxic potential of the test drugs. Cyclophosphamide (CP) was taken as positive group and results were compared. Results: All treated groups exhibited significant body weight gain in comparison to CP group. Results revealed no structural deformity in the above parameters in comparison to the CP-treated group. Conclusion: Reported data showed that both tested samples of Hridayarnava Rasa does not possess genotoxic potential under the experimental conditions and can be safely used. PMID:25948961

  17. Cálculo e análise de efeitos de campo magnético nos estados eletrônicos de impurezas rasas em materiais semicondutores

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Gustavo Vanin Bernardino de [UNESP

    2009-01-01

    São calculados os níveis de energia para o átomo de hidrogênio sob campo magnético uniforme, utilizando o método das diferenças finitas. Estes resultados, quando multiplicados pelo Rydberg efetivo (que depende da massa efetiva e da permitividade elétrica do meio) correspondem à solução do problema de um elétron ligado a uma impureza doadora rasa em um semicondutor sob campo magnético (caso isotrópico, parabólico, não degenerado). Os valores encontrados, para campo nulo, são comparados com a s...

  18. Aplikasi teori belajar sosial dalam penatalaksanaan rasa takut dan cemasan anak pada perawatan gigi (Application of social learning theory in the management of children dental fear and anxiety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arlette Suzy Setiawan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dental anxiety is a prevalent problem faced by dentists till nowadays, especially in treating child patients. Several methods in managing anxiety are available, but there is no single method can be applied extensively. Purpose: This article was aimed to describe the application of social learning theory in preventing or reducing dental anxiety in children. Literature review: Anxiety and fear are psych feelings that is experienced by a person. A child developed these feelings by learning from their own past experienced or by information obtained from their environment. If fear and anxiety can be learned by a child, thus the opposite term which is preventing the feelings is assumed can be also offered to learned. This application actually being applied in the field of dentistry as modeling, but the exploration of how this process is due is often being ignored. Conclusion: Social learning theory provides an easy preventive approach and effective intervention that can be applied to children in 4-9 years old to reduce dental anxiety.Latar belakang: Kecemasan pada perawatan gigi merupakan hal yang paling sering dijumpai dan merupakan masalah yang dihadapi oleh dokter gigi sampai saat ini, terutama pada pasien anak. Berbagai metode penatalaksanaan kecemasan banyak tersedia, namun tidak satu pun metode yang dapat diterapkan secara luas. Tujuan: Makalah ini disusun untuk membahas mengenai aplikasi teori belajar sosial dalam mencegah kecemasan pada anak saat perawatan gigi. Tinjauan pustaka: Rasa cemas dan takut merupakan perasaan psikis yang dialami seorang individu. Perasaan ini pada seorang anak lebih banyak didapat dari proses belajar dalam menyerap informasi berdasarkan pengalaman pribadi ataupun informasi dari lingkungan sekitar. Bila rasa cemas dan takut dapat dipelajari oleh seorang anak, maka diasumsikan bahwa menghindari timbulnya perasaan ini dapat pula diajarkan pada anak. Aplikasi hal tersebut sebenarnya telah diterapkan di bidang

  19. Mergulho em águas rasas e lesão medular: uma abordagem educativa e preventiva = Diving in shallow waters and spinal cord injury: a preventive and educational approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan, Richard Lester

    2005-01-01

    Conclusão: A lesão medular causada por mergulho em águas rasas tem uma incidência elevada no mundo principalmente no período do verão. Ocorre em indivíduos jovens, sadios, geralmente do sexo masculino apresentando uma forte associação com uso de álcool. Medidas preventivas, educativas são primordiais para a diminuição de novos casos

  20. Níveis de lisina para leitoas selecionadas geneticamente para deposição de carne magra, dos 30 aos 60 kg, mantendo constante a relação entre lisina e metionina+cistina, treonina, triptofano, isoleucina e valina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fontes Dalton de Oliveira

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram utilizadas 40 leitoas mestiças (Hampshire, Landrace Belga, Pietran com peso inicial médio de 30,1±1,25 kg e alto potencial genético para deposição de carne magra na carcaça, para avaliar diferentes níveis de lisina. Foi usado delineamento de blocos ao acaso com quatro tratamentos, cinco repetições e dois animais por unidade experimental. Os tratamentos corresponderam a uma ração basal com 17,5% de proteína bruta, suplementada com quatro níveis de L-lisina HCl, resultando em rações com 1,00; 1,10; 1,20; e 1,30% de lisina. As rações foram suplementadas com níveis crescentes de treonina, metionina, isoleucina, valina e triptofano, resultando em rações nas quais a relação entre estes aminoácidos e a lisina se manteve constante em 67, 62, 60, 68 e 19%, respectivamente, com base na digestibilidade verdadeira. Não se observou efeito dos tratamentos sobre consumo de ração, ganho de peso diário e concentração de uréia no soro sangüíneo dos animais, entretanto, os animais pareceram ter atingido o potencial genético máximo para ganho de peso no nível de lisina de 1,10% (0,329%/Mcal de ED, correspondente a um consumo de lisina de 22 g/dia. Observou-se efeito linear sobre o consumo de lisina diário, que aumentou, e a conversão alimentar, que reduziu com o aumento do nível de lisina da ração. O nível de 1,30% (0,389%/Mcal de ED ou 1,19% (0,356%/Mcal de ED, correspondente a um consumo de lisina total e digestível, respectivamente, de 24 e 22,1 g/dia, proporcionou os melhores resultados de conversão alimentar de leitoas dos 30 aos 60 kg, quando se utilizou o conceito de proteína ideal na formulação das rações experimentais.

  1. Energetics of Excitatory and Inhibitory Neurotransmission in Aluminum Chloride Model of Alzheimer’s Disease: Reversal of Behavioral and Metabolic Deficits by Rasa Sindoor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Saba

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Alzheimer’s disease (AD is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by progressive loss of cognitive functions and memory. Excessive intake of aluminum chloride in drinking water is associated with amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain, which are the hallmark of AD. We have evaluated brain energy metabolism in aluminum chloride (AlCl3 mouse model of AD. In addition, effectiveness of Rasa Sindoor (RS, a formulation used in Indian Ayurvedic medicine, for alleviation of symptoms of AD was evaluated. Mice were administered AlCl3 (40 mg/kg intraperitoneally once a day for 60 days. The memory of mice was measured using Morris Water Maze test. The 13C labeling of brain amino acids was measured ex vivo in tissue extracts using 1H-[13C]-NMR spectroscopy with timed infusion of [1,6-13C2]glucose. The 13C turnover of brain amino acids was analyzed using a three-compartment metabolic model to derive the neurotransmitter cycling and TCA cycle rates associated with glutamatergic and GABAergic pathways. Exposure of AlCl3 led to reduction in memory of mice. The glutamatergic and GABAergic neurotransmitter cycling and glucose oxidation were found to be reduced in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and striatum following chronic AlCl3 treatment. The perturbation in metabolic rates was highest in the cerebral cortex. However, reduction in metabolic fluxes was higher in hippocampus and striatum following one month post AlCl3 treatment. Most interestingly, oral administration of RS (2 g/kg restored memory as well as the energetics of neurotransmission in mice exposed to AlCl3. These data suggest therapeutic potential of RS to manage cognitive functions and memory in preclinical AD.

  2. Subcriticality determination in ADS: Valina-Booster experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Persson, C. M.; Gudowski, W.; Fokau, A.; Bournos, V.; Fokov, Y.; Routkovskaia, C.; Serafimovich, I.; Kiyavitskaya, H.

    2007-01-01

    A major problem in operating a full-scale subcritical accelerator-driven system (ADS) is to ensure sufficient margin to criticality. Therefore, reliable techniques for subcriticality monitoring are required. In order to develop such techniques, a full understanding of existing reactivity determination methods is essential. In this work, reactivity determination methods, such as pulsed neutron source methods and noise methods, are studied experimentally in the subcritical facility YALINA-Booster. YALINA-Booster: The subcritical assembly YALINA-Booster: recently constructed at the Joint Institute for Power and Nuclear Research - Sosny, consists of a subcritical core driven by an external neutron source. The neutron source is a powerful neutron generator consisting of a deuteron accelerator and a target of deuterium or tritium embedded in titanium. Through (d, d) - or (d, t)-reactions neutrons are created with energy around 2.5 MeV and 14.1 MeV respectively. Neutrons are born in the centre of the core and multiply through a lead matrix fuelled with highly enriched uranium (90% and 36%). This zone is referred to as the booster zone and is surrounded by a thermal zone, moderated by polyethylene. In order to reach sufficient high effective multiplication factor, the thermal zone is fuelled by approximately one thousand rods of 10% enriched uranium dioxide in cylindrical geometry. To prevent thermal neutrons from diffusing into the fast booster zone, an interface, consisting of boron carbide and natural uranium rods, is located between the zones. YALINA-Booster has a radial graphite reflector of thickness 24 cm. Experiments: Experiments using the neutron source in pulsed mode will be presented, relying on methods such as the area method and the method of prompt neutron decay rate determination. Moreover, results from noise analysis using for instance the Feynman-α method will be presented

  3. Berpikir dan Berperilaku dengan Rasa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devi Kurniawati Homan

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Article discusses the importance for a designer to understand about psychology and consumers’ behaviors that act based on their feelings. Human as a complicated living creature has lot of feelings before making a reaction. The reaction itself is based on their own feeling from their experiences or the others’ before. In our daily life, we think a lot based on our feelings. We associate a stimulus with an unconscious physical or emotional response. A designer often needs to make a promotion, branding, and campaign for a product or something else. So, it is important for designers to know their targets and behaviors. By understanding their target behaviors, it is easier to predict or to design the reaction and response when the product or campaign is launched. The understanding of the psychology study is important for a designer as well as understanding the other branch of study beside their own study about aesthetics. When the designer understands a lot of things, they can make a creative, good and useful visual communication.  

  4. Il lessico sanscrito dell’amore (śr̥ṅgāra rasa nella Satasaī di Bihārī Lāla Caube

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marchetto, Monia

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Satasaī of Bihārī Lāla Caube is an anthology of seven hundred dohās and some sorṭhās, independent stanzas of two rhythmical lines, composed at Amber court during the seventeenth century. Since the beginning, it was valued a masterpiece of brajabhāṣā poetry. For its elegant style, the profusion of rhetorical figures and the profound poetic sensitivity the Satasaī is considered as a piece of Indian classical literature, kāvya, and a significant text of rīti literary tendency, the so-called ‘Indian Mannerism’. The language of the Satasaī includes a great number of words of Sanskrit origin, along with terms from Persian, Arabic and Vernaculars from northern India. Numerous Sanskrit words express the śr̥ṅgāra rasa, affection and passion between lovers. The forms (tatsama or tadbhava, the meanings and the cultural connotations of these terms are herein thoroughly investigated.

  5. Proposta de teste de corrida em piscina rasa para mulheres praticantes de hidroginástica: fidedignidade e classificação da distância percorrida Propuesta de test de velocidad en piscina rasa para mujeres practicantes de hidrogimnasia: fidedignidad y clasificación de la distancia recorrida Development of the running test in shallow water for women engaged in water exercises: reliability and norms for evaluation of the distance covered

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Heinen Alves da Silva

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available É crescente o número de pessoas que vêm procurando a hidroginástica com objetivo de melhorar a aptidão física geral. No entanto, ainda existem poucos testes que possam servir como alternativas para aferir o desempenho aeróbio de seus participantes, ou mesmo que apresentem propostas de classificação para diferentes faixas etárias utilizando o meio líquido. O presente estudo teve como principal objetivo propor um teste de corrida por 12 minutos em piscina rasa que possa gerar uma classificação da distância percorrida para mulheres de diferentes faixas etárias e verificar a fidedignidade teste-reteste do mesmo. Participaram do estudo 135 mulheres entre 21 e 84 anos adaptadas ao meio líquido. Para realização do reteste, 17 mulheres de faixas etárias diversas foram escolhidas de forma aleatória e repetiram o teste em intervalo de uma semana. Os resultados relacionados à fidedignidade obtiveram um coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCIC de 0,91, demonstrando boa concordância e precisão dos resultados no período avaliado. De acordo com os resultados obtidos pôde-se encontrar uma associação inversa e significativa entre idade e distância percorrida (r = -0,69. Outra variável em que foi verificada alguma associação significativa com a distância foi a freqüência cardíaca obtida ao final do teste (FC12. Essa associação permaneceu sem a influência da idade, o que pôde ser verificado após as análises de regressão múltipla e correlação parcial (r = 0,35. Tendo como referência a divisão em quintis e o número amostral obtido em cada faixa etária, uma classificação do desempenho é proposta na qual puderam ser observados valores bem diferentes para as diversas faixas etárias nas mesmas classificações. Apesar de os resultados do teste não terem sido comparados com os obtidos através de testes padrão-ouro (com a medida do consumo máximo de oxigênio, os resultados obtidos estão em concordância com

  6. Menikmati Secangkir Teh Nasgithel Rasa Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rujiyanto Rujiyanto

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Enjoying the art exhibition is like enjoying a cup of hot sweet tea in the afternoon. There are mixed feelings that we enjoy when walking by the spaces and searching for the meaning of artworks. Exhibition "Negari Ngayogyakarta" is a great exhibition of Yogyakarta, Sri Sultan Palace, and Hamengkubuwono IX. A very special exhibition is associated with the day of 100 years of the birth of a great leader of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat, Sultan HB IX. The exhibition was loaded with messages of journey of Yogyakarta and HB IX in the political role scene in the early period of independence until the present realities of Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta as the Kawah Candradimuka place to learn talented artists, reflected in the works of heavily loaded with the deepening of the concepts and ideas are very visionary and imaginary. 

  7. Sentuhan Rasa di Balik Makna Laba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Austina Luckyta Mursy

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to reveal the meaning of profit according to the existing customs, traditions and cultures of Aisyiyah hospitals. This qualitative study employed ethnographic approach which is realist in nature, and was geared to find out the meaning of profit through customs and rituals that had been practiced in the hospital for a long time. The research found that profit in the hospital is, first, interpreted from the abstract dimension, that is in the form sense. Second, profit is a form of gratitude and happiness sense. Third, profit serves as a spreader of happiness.

  8. AMBANG DETEKSI DAN PREFERENSI RASA UMAMI DALAM MODEL PANGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dede R. Adawiyah

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Umami is one of the basic taste produced by monosodium glutamate (MSG. Generally, commercial MSG products did not specify the amount of a certain dose to produce palatable food. This problem could lead to uncontrolled and excessive use of MSG by consumers. The aim of this study was to determine the values for the detection and preference threshold of umami taste from commercial MSG products at different salt level. The detection threshold was determined using R-index method in salt solutions. The preference threshold was determined by using hedonic rating in food model. A food model selected in this case is spinach soup that is commonly consumed by Indonesian. The salt concentrations for detection and preference threshold experiment were 0.42 and 0.30 g/100 mL. Umami taste preference threshold value using Fechner’s psychophysic equation for 0.30 g/100 mL salt concentration is 0.25 g MSG/100 mL, while for 0.42 g/100 mL salt concentration, the umami taste preference threshold value is 0.06 g MSG/100 mL. Detection threshold value using R-index method for 0.30 g/100 mL salt concentration is 0.05 g MSG/100 mL, while for 0.42 g/100 mL salt concentration is 0.02 g MSG/100 mL. Different salt concentrations leads to differences in the values of threshold preferences and detection threshold of the umami taste of MSG. Increasing salt concentration tends to decrease the detection and preference threshold of umami taste from MSG. This research results could be used as the basic information in food product formulation such as seasoning and condiment using mixtures of salt and MSG.

  9. ANTESEDEN KEPUASAN DAN RASA PERCAYA SERTA KONSEKUENSINYA TERHADAP INTENSI PERILAKU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenny Chandra Mandagie

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study to analyze the factors affecting the intentions of alumni who are willing to assist their university, whether financial or non-financial. The intentions of alumni are consequences of satisfaction and trust, where satisfaction and trust are the mediating variables of academic experience, current income, relation and agency image. The study was conducted through a survey method that included 250 respondents living in Jakarta, with middle and upper class economic levels. The sampling technique used is proportionate stratified random sampling. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM was used to analyze the data. The finding from this study is the antecedent factors of satisfaction and trust including academic experience, income, relationships, and institution image that are proven to be positive and significantly influential in satisfaction and trust, partially or simultaneously. The behavior intention as a consequence of trust and satisfaction are found to be positive and significant although only moderate. Based on the findings, Indonesian higher education has to improve student’s satisfaction and trust through improvement of academic experience, relationship and institution image because the alumni will measure their satisfaction based on their current income. Therefore, for further research it is advisable to explore motivational factor, family education values and cultural factors as antecedents of behavior intention.

  10. Analisis Komponen Aktif Cita-Rasa Pada Susu Fermentasi Dengan Kromatografi Gas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dzarnisa Dzarnisa

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available (Active component analysis of fermented milk flavor by gas chromatography ABSTRACT. Fermented milk is milk processed product that to be one source of nutritious food for humans. The action of food component such as flavor is accepted, sense of taste and smell generated complex assessment of food flavors in the mouth. The flavor components of fermented milk together and interact with each other when consumed and cause the perception of taste between like or dislike. This is an important factor in developing diversification of fermented milk product so as to attract customers other than in terms of aspects of nutrition and health. Flavor is one of the most important criteria in the acceptance of a food ingredient. During processing and storage flavor change easily. This study used gas chromatography to detect the formation of the active component of the flavor of fermented milk. The purpose of this study was to determine the active components in fermented milk which is the formation of flavor. This research was conducted in the Laboratory of Animal Feed Laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture and Food Chemistry Unsyiah and PAU Food and Nutrition IPB Bogor. This study uses a Likens - Nickerson distillation stage concentrated with Vigreux column and identified by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometer. Gas chromatography has identified that the class of acids, alcohols, esters and alkanes group forming an active component in the flavor of fermented milk although relatively varied. In yoghurt, acid found in relatively high amount of alcohol is more varied in its kind. Yogurt with single culture L.bulgaricus has more ketones and aldehydes components. Volatile components were detected mostly in kefir acids, alcohols, esters and alkane derivatives. The curd is dominated by acidic components in addition to alcohol and aldehyde.

  11. PENGUATAN KARAKTER RASA INGIN TAHU DAN PEDULI SOSIAL MELALUI DISCOVERY LEARNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Fauzi

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Efforts to strengthen the character become the basis in the implementation of the curriculum 2013. Application of the 2013 curriculum provides a paradigm shift, which in the end result of learning students not only master the knowledge but also master the attitude and skills. One of the two characters developed is curiosity and social care. To form the character, it needs an educational instrument such as a competent teacher, adequate learning resources, and the most important is the action of learning in the form of approach, model, method, or appropriate learning strategy. So the application of discovery learning model with scientific approach. Which model is effective and efficient in bring up the character of curiosity and social care.   Keywords Curiosity, Social Care, Discovery Learning   http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um022v2i22017p079

  12. LESÃO MEDULAR POR MERGULHO EM ÁGUAS RASAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniella Augusta Moraes Sanches

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the main motor and functional changes before and after physical therapy of a patient with spinal cord injury caused by diving in shallow water. We analyzed previous records of a patient with spinal cord injury by diving in shallow water, who had rehabilitation at the Rehabilitation Clinical of Oeste Paulista, between 2008 and 2011, attending two one-hour-sessions a week. The patient improved muscle strength as consequence of the rehabilitation program. The treatment also helped the patient improve functionality observing the development while being transferred, in other words, during position changes, between 2008 and 2011. It is understood that patients with spinal cord injury show muscle strength and functional pattern improvement when undergoing physical therapy.

  13. KADAR ZAT GIZI DAN CITA RASA HASIL FERMENTASI CAIR IKAN RUCAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uken S.S. Soetrisno

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Teri rucah (Stolephorus Spec. and udang rucah (Atydal Spec. as by-catch fishes had been used as basic materials in liquified fermentation process. The results were evaluated for its contribution to improve nutrient content and to add more variation on fermentation product for consumer choice. The proportion of basic materials to salt and water were varied depending on the kind of fish and the optimum values were chosen. Fermented teri rucah needed addition of one part of salt and two parts of water, or one part of salt and one and half parts of water; fermented udang rucah needed addition of one part of salt and one part of water, or nine-tenth parts of sah and one-tenth parts of water, forevery three part of basic material. All fermented products were analyzed for proximate nutrient contentand vitamin B-12 content Fermented teri rucah was higher in protein and vitamin B-12 content compared to that of udang rucah. In general liquefied fermentation increased vitamin B-12 content by 2 to 4 times. Incorporation of the produds into traditional cooking recipes need to be explored and socially marketed.

  14. Die Verwaltung baltischer Kulturgüter in Posen (Poznań) / Rasa Pārpuce

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pārpuce, Rasa, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Balti kultuurivarade haldamisest Poznanis Teise maailmasõja perioodil. Kultuurivarade halduse organiseerimisest. Otsustavat rolli asjade korraldamisel mängis Heinrich Himmler. Kultuurivarade praktilisest haldamisest. Genealoogilisest materjalist. Kultuurivaradest Teise maailmasõja lõpul, nende arvukusest

  15. INTERVENSI SPIRITUAL EMOTIONAL FREEDOM TECHNIQUE UNTUK MENGURANGI RASA NYERI PASIEN KANKER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rr. Tutik Sri Hariyati

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Spiritual emotional freedom technique (SEFT represents an combination technique from body’s energy system and spiritual therapy by tapping at certain points of the body. SEFT focuses on certain words or sentences pronounced several times in a rhythm, follows by resignation to God as in patients’ belief. This research was aimed to explore the effect of SEFT intervention to reduce of cancer pain patients at the Dr Soetomo General Hospital in Surabaya. Quasi experimental were used in this study using pre test and post test design with control group. Samples, 20 respondents (in 2 groups were recruited using consecutive sampling. The intervention group received SEFT intervention combined with analgesic therapy and the control group given only analgesic therapy. SEFT intervention implemented after administrating analgesic, for 5-10 minutes every day during five days. Pain was measured using numeric rating scale (NRS. The combination SEFT intervention and analgesic therapy was more effective than only analgesic therapy. SEFT can be employed for cancer patients to relieve their pain. Nursing intervention with SEFT encourages nurse’s role autonomy and steps to reduce patient’s dependency on analgesic therapy.

  16. Peningkatan Hasil Belajar Dan Rasa Ingin Tahu Menggunakan Metode Sq4r Pada Mata Pelajaran IPA

    OpenAIRE

    Sugianto, Wiwin; Tandililing, Edy; B. Arsyid, Syaiful

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to improve learning outcomes and curiosity by using learning methods Survey, Question, Read, Reflect, Recite, Review (SQ4R) on the pressure of liquid material at SMP Negeri 3 Pontianak. This research is a classroom action research (PTK), which consists of two cycles. Subjects in this study were the students of class VIII H at SMP Negeri 3 Pontianak in academic year 2014/2015 which consists of 37 learners. The data collecting were using observation sheets, questionnaires and te...

  17. KARAKTERISTIK RASA TAKUT GAGAL (FEAR OF FAILURE PADA YOUNG ENTREPRENEURIAL BERDASARKAN MINAT KARIER MAHASISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Kiswanto

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to understand the characteristics of the fear of failure based on a young entrepreneurial career interests of students. This research is a qualitative research descriptive narrative with a phenomenological approach to the entrepreneurial young entrepreneur student member of the Indonesian Young Entrepreneurs Association at the Education University of Indonesia. Results from this study is the fear of failure that is divided into three major themes of the careers of the consequences, consequences on the psychological and financial consequences to the student.

  18. Property booms and bubbles: a demolition strategy - towards a tabula rasa?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen-Jansen, L.; Lloyd, G.

    2012-01-01

    There is a tendency to perversity in the effects of public policy for the built environment at large and with respect to specific sectors. This review paper addresses the unanticipated effects arising from the land and property development incentives which prevailed before the current economic

  19. The acquisition of biological knowledge during childhood: Cognitive conflict or tabula rasa?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Anton E.

    Clinical interviews were conducted with three elementary school children, who varied in age but not in family or school environment, to determine the extent to which they held naive misconceptions about important biological topics and to determine agewise trends in the development of biological knowledge. Does early biological knowledge acquisition follow a pattern of spontaneous naive theory construction and cognitive conflict or does it follow a pattern of gradual accretion to an initially blank slate? Contrary to findings in the physical sciences, little evidence was found for biological misconceptions as knowledge acquisition appeared to more directly follow the gradual accretion hypothesis with the primary source of that knowledge adult authority rather than personal experience. However, conceptual change teaching is still advocated due to its ability to provoke students to consider and test alternative conceptions (even if they are not their own) as a means of encouraging the development of important general reasoning patterns utilized in the testing of causal hypotheses.

  20. Na křižovatce nerovností: gender, třída, rasa/etnicita

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kolářová, Marta

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 9, č. 2 (2008), s. 1-10 ISSN 1213-0028 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR 1QS700280503; GA AV ČR(CZ) KJB700280603 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : inequality * gender * class * race Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography www. gender online.cz

  1. PENGARUH ELEMEN EKUITAS MEREK TERHADAP RASA PERCAYA DIRI PELANGGAN DI SURABAYA ATAS KEPUTUSAN PEMBELIAN SEPEDA MOTOR HONDA

    OpenAIRE

    Astuti, Sri Wahyuni; Cahyadi, I Gede

    2007-01-01

    Customer buying decision making is a customer’s respond to the provider’s strategies.Buying decision made by customer based on their beliefs is the right decision. It woulddevelop the customers’ confidence on their decision. There is a brand equity, if thecustomers have the brand awareness, perceived quality, brand association and brandloyalty. The objective of this research is to test the effect of brand equity’s elements tothe customer’s confidence in their buying decision on Honda motorcyc...

  2. PENGEMBANGAN MODUL GEOGRAFI PARIWISATA BERBASIS PAKET WISATA PULAU LOMBOK SEBAGAI UPAYA MEMUPUK RASA CINTA TANAH AIR PADA MAHASISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrinata Andrinata

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to produce the tourism geography module based on the Lombok tourism packages that is prepared in accordance with the module design of C Michael and Stephen J. Page. This study is designed with Dick & Carey model and simplified into six steps. The quality of product is known through the lecturer’s feedback and students during the field test. The trial subjects are the students of Geography Education STKIP Hamzanwadi Selong in the sixth semester in year 2013 who have taken the course. Based on the results of validation and field trials, the numbers of scores are obtained namely: (a the assessment of the expert design towards the components of the module is 82.7%, (b the assessment of the content/materials to components of the module is 83%, (c the assessment of the language expert of language towards the module components is 76%, (d the assessment of the lecturer of the course and students towards the questionnaires is distributed associated with the products and developed each score 84.28% and 86.4%. The average value of the results of validation and field trials, the module is developed and appropriately used as learning sources with percentage 82.5%. Tujuan penelitian ini ialah menghasilkan modul Geografi Pariwisata Berbasis Paket Wisata Pulau Lombok yang disusun sesuai dengan desain modul C. Michael Hall dan Stephen J. Page. Penelitian ini didesain dengan pendekatan penelitian pengembangan model Dick & Carey yang disederhanakan menjadi enam langkah. Kualitas produk diketahui melalui hasil tanggapan dari dosen pengampu matakuliah dan mahasiswa pada saat uji lapangan. Subjek uji coba yakni mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi STKIP Hamzanwadi Selong pada semester VI angkatan 2013 yang telah menempuh matakuliah tersebut. Berdasarkan hasil validasi dan uji coba lapangan, jumlah skor yang didapat yakni: (a penilaian ahli desain pembelajaran terhadap komponen modul adalah 82,7, (b penilaian ahli isi/materi terhadap komponen modul 83%, (c penilaian ahli bahasa terhadap komponen modul 76%, (d penilaian dosen pengampu matakuliah dan mahasiswa terhadap angket yang dibagikan terkait dengan produk yang dikembangkan yakni masing-masing memperoleh nilai 84,28% dan 86,4%. Nilai rata-rata hasil validasi dan uji coba lapangan, modul yang dikembangkan layak digunakan sebagai sumber belajar dengan tingkat persentase 82,5%.

  3. KARAKTERISASI RASA GURIH PADA BEBERAPA PRODUK PANGAN (Characterisation of ‘Gurih’ Taste of Several Food Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lula Nadia

    2016-10-01

    In conclusion, ‘gurih’ taste could be found mainly in meat, peanut, and cheese. ‘Gurih’ taste intensity was influenced by several food ingredients. The presence of ‘gurih’ taste was easy to be recognized in food models and the addition of fat in the model make ‘gurih’ taste probably has different taste  from umami.

  4. Investigation of antihyperglycaemic activity of banana (Musa sp. var. Nanjangud rasa bale) pseudostem in normal and diabetic rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramu, Ramith; Shirahatti, Prithvi S; Zameer, Farhan; Prasad, M N Nagendra

    2015-01-01

    Postprandial hyperglycaemia in diabetes could be ameliorated by inhibiting intestinal α-glucosidases, responsible for starch hydrolysis and its absorption. Different parts of banana have been in use in conventional medicinal formulations since ancient times. Its role as an antihyperglycaemic agent has also been studied. This study was aimed at explaining the mechanism of hypoglycaemic effect by ethanol extract of banana pseudostem (EE). Additionally, studies on the active components involved in the effect have also been attempted. EE significantly inhibited mammalian intestinal α-glucosidases and yeast α-glucosidase (IC50 , 8.11 ± 0.10 µg mL(-1) ). The kinetic studies showed that EE inhibited sucrase, maltase and and p-nitrophenyl-α-d-glucopyranoside hydrolysis by mixed-type inhibition. Further, in vivo studies identified that the oral administration (100-200 mg kg(-1) body weight) of EE significantly suppressed the maltose/glucose-induced postprandial plasma glucose elevation and wielded an antihyperglycaemic effect in normal and alloxan-induced diabetic rats. GC-MS analysis of EE revealed high levels of β-sitosterol (29.62%), stigmasterol (21.91%), campesterol (10.85%) and other compounds. These findings suggest that EE might exert an anti-diabetic effect by inhibition of α-glucosidases from the intestine, in turn suppressing the carbohydrate absorption into the bloodstream. Hence the results extend a foundation to the future prospects of the food-derived enzyme inhibitors in treatment of diabetes. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry.

  5. Identifikasi Pewarna Sintesis Pada Minuman Serbuk Rasa Jeruk Secara Kromatografi Kertas Di Balai Besar Pengawas Obat Dan Makanan

    OpenAIRE

    Jawari, Amalia Putri

    2015-01-01

    Identification has been made of synthetic dyes contained in the powder drink orange flavor in Chromatography Paper at the Center for Food and Drug Administration. Solvents are used to determine the synthesis of dyes is the ratio of the volume of isobutanol: ethanol: water is 3: 2: 2 and trisodium as elution and with Methilen Yellow, Ponceau 4 R, Tartrazine, and Yellow FCF / Sunset Yellow as a solution Baku. From the results of the analysis obtained dye Sunset Yellow and Tart...

  6. Effects of morpho dynamics in shallow waters over pipeline facilities; Efeitos da morfodinamica em aguas rasas sobre instalacoes de dutos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toldo Junior, Elirio E.; Gruber, Nelson L.S.; Zouain, Ricardo N. Ayup [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica. Centro de Estudos de Geologia Costeira e Oceanica; Almeida, Luiz E.S.B. [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Inst. de Pesquisas Hidraulicas

    2003-07-01

    The success in developing of the oil industry operating in offshore-onshore terminals, connected by pipelines with the facilities of the coastal zone, can be attributed partially to the beach morpho dynamic monitoring. This study represents a solution to the concerns of the technical operations in coastal zones because it minimizes the impact of the petroleum production and it assures the environmental protection associated to the risks of the pipelines breaking. This impact type results mainly of the vertical and horizontal displacements of the beach, from the coastal dunes to the shore face. The mobility of the profile is associated to the magnitude of the sedimentary processes, which reproduce naturally or not, in scale of time that can vary among few days, years or decades. For the monitoring and interpretation of the beach profile mobility the following methods are recommended: calculation of the closure depth with base in the wave data; bathymetric survey with sled; calculation of the equilibrium beach profile, and monitoring of the variations of the shoreline using satellite images, GPS or aerial photography. (author)

  7. Taboo or Tabula Rasa: Cross-Racial/Cultural Dating Preferences Amongst Chinese, Japanese, and Korean International Students in an American University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Zachary S.

    2015-01-01

    International students bring racial attitudes and group preferences that affect campus climates. Forty-seven Chinese, Japanese, and Korean college international students were interviewed, regarding their perceptions of race/ethnicity and nationality, when it comes to dating and romantic relationships on college campuses. Thirty-five out of…

  8. Pentingnya Penerapan Hygiene Dan Sanitasi Di Area Kitchen Dalam Meningkatkan Mutu Dan Cita Rasa Makanan Terhadap Kepuasan Tamu Di Garuda Plaza Hotel Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Syafutra, Idham

    2011-01-01

    Dewasa ini keberadaan sektor pariwisata, terutama dibidang perhotelan telah banyak menyumbangkan devisa bagi negara. Hal ini terlihat semakin pesatnya persaingan bisnis dibidang ini perhotelan. Dengan seiring berjalannya waktu, kini hotel semakin meningkatkan kualitas dan produk serta jasa dari pelayanannya. Banyak atau sedikitnya jumlah kunjungan tamu dapat dilihat dari baik buruknya pelayanan hotel tersebut. Dengan memperhatikan seluruh area hotel dan meningkatkan hygiene dan sanitasi p...

  9. Tratamento conjugado de lixiviado de aterro sanitário e esgoto sanitário em lagoas de estabilização rasas

    OpenAIRE

    Campos, Andrezza Raphaella Costa

    2012-01-01

    A busca para desenvolver alternativas viáveis e eficientes para o tratamento do lixiviado de aterro sanitário, fez com que surgisse a iniciativa de pesquisar sobre o tratamento conjugado entre lixiviado de aterro sanitário e esgoto sanitário, visando tratar o lixiviado diluindo este no esgoto, reduzindo as elevadas concentrações de matéria orgânica e nitrogênio amoniacal, deixando em proporções adequadas ao tratamento convencional. Neste estudo, foi analisada a eficiência do processo de trata...

  10. Assessment of In Vivo Antidiabetic Properties of Umbelliferone and Lupeol Constituents of Banana (Musa sp. var. Nanjangud Rasa Bale) Flower in Hyperglycaemic Rodent Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramu, Ramith; S Shirahatti, Prithvi; S, Nanjunda Swamy; Zameer, Farhan; Lakkappa Dhananjaya, Bhadrapura; M N, Nagendra Prasad

    2016-01-01

    Banana is an extensively cultivated plant worldwide, mainly for its fruit, while its ancillary product, the banana flower is consumed as a vegetable and is highly recommended for diabetics in the traditional Indian medicine system. This study is based on an investigation of the in vivo antihyperglycaemic activity of Umbelliferone (C1) and Lupeol (C2) isolated from the ethanol extract of banana flower (EF) in alloxan induced diabetic rat model. Diabetic rats which were administered with C1, C2 and EF (100 and 200 mg/kg b. wt.) for 4 weeks showed deterioration in fasting hyperglycaemia and reversal of abnormalities in serum/urine protein, urea and creatinine, when compared to the diabetic control group of rats. The diabetic group of rats fed with EF, C1 and C2 (100 mg/kg b. wt.) once daily, for a period of 28 days resulted in a significant reduction of diabetic symptoms viz., polyphagia, polydipsia, polyuria and urine sugar together with an improved body weight. HbA1c extent was reduced whereas levels of insulin and Hb were increased. Both the extract and compounds wielded positive impacts in diabetic rats by reversal of altered activities of hepatic marker enzymes viz., aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP); glycolytic enzyme (hexokinase); shunt enzyme (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase); gluconeogenic enzymes (glucose-6-phosphatase, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase) and pyruvate kinase. The characteristic diabetic complications such as hypercholesterolemia and hypertriacylglycerolemia also significantly reverted to normal in the serum/liver of diabetic rats. Besides these, the treatment increased the activities of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants in the serum and liver. The histological observations revealed a marked regeneration of the β-cells in the drug treated diabetic rats. In conclusion, the present study illustrates that EF, C1 and C2 enhances the glycolytic activities, besides increasing the hepatic glucose utilization in diabetic rats by stimulating insulin secretion from the remnant β-cells along with potential enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant activities.

  11. Assessment of In Vivo Antidiabetic Properties of Umbelliferone and Lupeol Constituents of Banana (Musa sp. var. Nanjangud Rasa Bale Flower in Hyperglycaemic Rodent Model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramith Ramu

    Full Text Available Banana is an extensively cultivated plant worldwide, mainly for its fruit, while its ancillary product, the banana flower is consumed as a vegetable and is highly recommended for diabetics in the traditional Indian medicine system. This study is based on an investigation of the in vivo antihyperglycaemic activity of Umbelliferone (C1 and Lupeol (C2 isolated from the ethanol extract of banana flower (EF in alloxan induced diabetic rat model. Diabetic rats which were administered with C1, C2 and EF (100 and 200 mg/kg b. wt. for 4 weeks showed deterioration in fasting hyperglycaemia and reversal of abnormalities in serum/urine protein, urea and creatinine, when compared to the diabetic control group of rats. The diabetic group of rats fed with EF, C1 and C2 (100 mg/kg b. wt. once daily, for a period of 28 days resulted in a significant reduction of diabetic symptoms viz., polyphagia, polydipsia, polyuria and urine sugar together with an improved body weight. HbA1c extent was reduced whereas levels of insulin and Hb were increased. Both the extract and compounds wielded positive impacts in diabetic rats by reversal of altered activities of hepatic marker enzymes viz., aspartate transaminase (AST, alanine transaminase (ALT, alkaline phosphatase (ALP; glycolytic enzyme (hexokinase; shunt enzyme (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase; gluconeogenic enzymes (glucose-6-phosphatase, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase and pyruvate kinase. The characteristic diabetic complications such as hypercholesterolemia and hypertriacylglycerolemia also significantly reverted to normal in the serum/liver of diabetic rats. Besides these, the treatment increased the activities of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants in the serum and liver. The histological observations revealed a marked regeneration of the β-cells in the drug treated diabetic rats. In conclusion, the present study illustrates that EF, C1 and C2 enhances the glycolytic activities, besides increasing the hepatic glucose utilization in diabetic rats by stimulating insulin secretion from the remnant β-cells along with potential enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant activities.

  12. Třída, národ a degenerovaná rasa podle českých socialistů (1890-1914)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Strobach, Vít

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 18, č. 2 (2012), s. 99-119 ISSN 1211-0353 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GPP410/12/P671 Institutional support: RVO:67985921 Keywords : Czech socialist movement * race * nation Subject RIV: AB - History

  13. Excited states of hydrogen shallow impurities in GaAs-Ga Al As quantum wells; Estados excitados de impurezas hidrogenoides rasas em pocos quanticos de GaAs-GaAlAs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neves Carneiro, Gleise das

    1994-12-31

    The study of shallow impurities in semiconductor heterostructures, such as quantum and superlattices, has been of continuous interest over the last years. Successful comparisons between experimental results photoluminescence: N.N Ledentsov et al., Appl. Phys. A 54, 261 (1992) and theoretical calculations [L.E. Oliveira and G.D. Mahan, Phys. Rev. B 47, 2406 (1993)] constitute a strong motivation for an in-depth theoretical study. We present a variational calculation of the binding energies of shallow donors in a Ga-As-AlGaAs quantum well. The energies and variational wave functions associated to the ground state (1s-like) as well as some excited states (2s, 2p{sub xy}, 2p{sub xy}, 3s, 3p{sub xy}, and 3p like) are obtained as functions of the position of the impurity (z{sub i}) in the well. The density of impurity states, intra-donor transition strengths and the infrared absorption spectra are calculated for some of these excited states and results compared with previous theoretical [S. Fraizzoli, F. Bassani, and R. Buczko, Phys. rev. B 41, 5096 (1990)] and experimental works [N.C. Jarosik et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1283 (1985)]. (author) 53 refs., 16 figs., 1 tab.

  14. Interação solo-estrutura para edifícios sobre fundações rasas = Soil-structure interaction for buildings bearing on shallow foundations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Alves de Souza

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available A hipótese de apoios totalmente rígidos (fundações engastadas ou rotuladas para as condições de vinculação de edifícios em concreto armado vem sendo utilizada há muito tempo pelos engenheiros de estruturas. Tal fato se deve, principalmente, à grande dificuldade que se tinha no passado em analisar manualmente edifícios sobre apoios flexíveis. Porém, com a chegada dos microcomputadores e com o desenvolvimento de diversos programas computacionais, já se pode usufruir de análises mais realistas, que levam em consideração a deformabilidade do solo adjacente às fundações. No entanto, observa-seque os engenheiros estruturais continuam utilizando o mesmo modelo simplificado do passado, provavelmente pela falta de informações ou talvez pela falta de maior interação com os engenheiros de fundações. Neste contexto, o presente trabalho tem por objetivo apresentar recomendações práticas para a aplicação da interação solo-estrutura.Adicionalmente, demonstra-se que a hipótese de apoios totalmente rígidos pode levar a importantes distorções nos esforços obtidos para os pilares de edifícios em concreto armado pelos exemplos práticos.The assumption of perfect supports (fixed or pinned foundations for the boundary conditions of reinforced concrete buildings has been used for many years by structural engineers. This fact is mainly attributed to the great difficulties faced in the past, when designers needed to calculate buildings by using manual methods. Nowadays, realistic analysis that takes into account the deformability of the adjacent soil foundation is possible,based on the development of powerful computers and computational software packages. However, many structural engineers still use the same simplified boundary conditions widely used in the past. The main explanation for this problem may be the lack of information and models available in the literature, as well as the lack of interaction between structural engineers and foundation engineers. In this context, the present paper aims to present practical recommendations for applying the soil-structure interaction. Additionally, based on some practical examples, this paper shows that the rigid support hypothesis may lead reinforced concrete columns to significant force distortions.

  15. ¿Hacer tabla rasa de la historia?: la analogía entre herencia fisiológica y memoria en el anarquismo español (1870-1914

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Girón, Álvaro

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available

    The expansion of Darwinism stimulated a great deal of interest about the phenomena associated with heredity during the 1870-1930 years. Spanish anarchists, even though they were not specifically interested in the causes of variation and heredity, manifested an explicit concern about its potential effects. In fact, the analogy between memory and heredity, normally linked with Neolamarckian theories, proved to be extremely useful to rationalise those aspects of social and historical reality more difficult to accept from a libertarian point of view.



    La difusión del darwinismo estimuló un gran interés sobre los fenómenos asociados con la herencia fisiológica en el período 1870-1930. Los anarquistas españoles, aunque no se interesaron específicamente por las causas de la herencia y la variación, sí manifestaron una preocupación evidente sobre sus potenciales efectos. De hecho, la analogía entre herencia y memoria, normalmente asociada con teorías neolamarckianas, fue extremadamente útil a la hora de racionalizar aquellos aspectos de la realidad histórica y social que eran más difíciles de aceptar desde un punto de vista libertario.

  16. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN GULA MERAH DAN LAMA PENYIMPANAN TERHADAP KADAR GIZI DAN RASA TELUR ITIK ASIN [The Effect of Palm Sugar and Storage on Nutrient Content and Taste of Salted Ducks Egg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yenni Yusriani

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This research used 150 duck eggs age one as subject day. There were two factors analyzed here. The first was the amount of palm sugar which consisted of 25 grams, 50 grams, and 75 grams. The second factor were the storage duration which consisted of 3, 4, and 5 weeks. The nutrient content parameters measured were rates protein, fat and ash content. Sensory quality parameters measured were color and taste. The analysis showed that in processing/making salted duck egg, palm sugar addition influenced protein content significantly (Fc = 7,0 > Ftab = 4,5 fat content ( Fc 67,3 > Ftab= 8,7 and ash content (Fc = 64,6 > F tab = 8,7 very significantly. However, organoleptic test showed that palm sugar addition did not influenced color and taste of salted duck egg significantly. Storage duration influenced protein content significantly (Fc= 6,9 F tab = 8,7 but did not significantly influenced ash content (Fc = 3,5 < Ftab = 4,46. Storage duration also influenced taste of salted duck egg, but did not for its color. The interaction of treatment between palm sugar addition and storage duration just influenced fat content of salted duck egg significantly. The salted duck egg made by addition 75 grams palm sugar and stored 5 weeks (A3B3 the highest content of fat. The salted ducks eeg made by addition of 25 grams palm sugar and stored duration produced the salted ducks egg with high content of fat and ash. Organoleptic test indicated that the panelis preferred the salted taste duck egg made by addition of palm sugar 25 grams and storaged for 3 weeks having reddish yellow color.

  17. Dāvida Lodža „Mazā pasaule” un „Paradīzes jaunumi” kā piedzīvojumu romāni

    OpenAIRE

    Kaušakīte, Inessa

    2007-01-01

    Maģistra darbā „Deivida Lodža „Mazā pasaule” un „Paradīzes Jaunumi” kā piedzīvojumu romāni” mērķis ir pievērst uzmanību piedzīvojuma žanra dažādām īpatnībām mūsdienu angļu romānista darbos. Darbs arī atklāj postmodernā piedzīvojumu romāna varoņa rakstura īpatnības. Pirmā nodaļa izceļ klasiskā 16. gadsimta spāņu literatūras piedzīvojumu romāna svarīgākās īpatnības. Šī nodaļa pēta apstākļus, kas palīdzējuši žanra attīstībai Anglijā. Otrā nodaļa pievērš uzmanību Deivida Lodža liktenim, kas kā...

  18. UJI ORGANOLEPTIK FORMULASI BISKUIT FUNGSIONAL BERBASIS TEPUNG IKAN GABUS (Ophiocephalus striatus (The Organoleptic Functional Biscuit Formulation Based on Snakehead Fish (Ophiocephalus striata Flour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Kartika Sari

    2014-07-01

    15% TI sebesar 73,33% dan rasa tertinggi pada 10% TI sebesar 58,33%. Penerimaan panelis menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan tepung ikan gabus berpengaruh nyata (p0,05 terhadap aroma, rasa, warna dan keseluruhan biskuit. Berdasarkan pertimbangan penerimaan panelis maka terpilih formula biskuit dengan substitusi 15% tepung ikan gabus. Kata kunci: Biskuit fungsional, subtitusi, fortifikasi

  19. Flora ficológica da região sublitorânea rasa de costões rochosos do Núcleo Picinguaba, Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, Ubatuba, São Paulo Phycological flora from the shallow sublittoral zone of the rocky shores of Serra do Mar State Park, Ubatuba, São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisa Eneida Marques Machado

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Em unidades de conservação da zona costeira, o conhecimento das macroalgas marinhas é essencial para monitoramento e manejo. Para o Núcleo Picinguaba do Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (PESM, Ubatuba, norte do Estado de São Paulo, estudos pretéritos realizados na Enseada da Fazenda listam espécies de macroalgas, coletadas em costões rochosos e manguezais. O presente estudo visou complementar o levantamento taxonômico da flora ficológica marinha do Núcleo Picinguaba, avaliando também a adequação da metodologia para amostragens de suas comunidades de costões rochosos. Foram selecionados 13 pontos de coleta, entre a Ponta da Almada e a Ponta do Cambury, área de maior interferência antropogênica na zona costeira do PESM. No verão de 2007, foram efetuadas coletas de macroalgas, desde a franja da região sublitorânea até o limite do substrato rochoso com a areia. Para uniformizar o esforço amostral, estas buscas foram efetuadas, em cada ponto de coleta, pelo mesmo especialista, durante uma hora de mergulho em apnéia, em uma extensão horizontal do costão rochoso de cerca de 20 m. Foram identificados 128 táxons de categoria infragenérica (80 Rhodophyta, 22 Ochrophyta e 26 Chlorophyta. Callithamniella flexilis Baardseth, Cryptonemia seminervis (C. Agardh J. Agardh, Cladophora pseudorupestris C. Hoek e Cladophora cf. pygmaea Reinke são ocorrências novas para o litoral do Estado de São Paulo, tendo sido descritas e ilustradas. Foram acrescentadas 64 espécies de macroalgas para os costões rochosos do PESM. O esforço amostral foi considerado adequado, resultando na identificação de número de espécies de macroalgas similar ao de outros estudos realizados no litoral norte do estado de São Paulo e no extremo sul do estado do Rio de Janeiro. Para o monitoramento da zona costeira desta unidade de conservação, recomenda-se o levantamento taxonômico das macroalgas dos costões rochosos de modo continuado, durante o período de verão de anos sucessivos, seguindo a mesma metodologia aqui descrita.Greater knowledge of the macroalgae from rocky shores is essential to monitor and manage marine coastal conservation units. Previous surveys of the coastal zone of the Picinguaba unit in the Serra do Mar State Park (PESM, Ubatuba, northern São Paulo state, list macroalgal species from the rocky shores and the mangroves of Fazenda Inlet. The present study aimed to improve the taxonomic survey of seaweeds from the Picinguaba unit and to evaluate the suitability of sampling methodology for rocky shore communities in this conservation unit. Thirteen sampling stations, situated between Almada and Cambury Headlands, were studied in summer 2007; this part of the PESM coastal zone is subject to anthropogenic interference. We carefully searched for macroalgae in different rocky habitats, from the sublittoral fringe towards the sand domain. Aiming to standardize sampling effort at each station, the same specialist searched for macroalgae over a 20 m horizontal extension of the rocky shore, for one hour, by apnea diving. 128 infrageneric taxa were identified (80 Rhodophyta, 22 Ochrophyta and 26 Chlorophyta. Callithamniella flexilis Baardseth, Cryptonemia seminervis (C. Agardh J. Agardh, Cladophora pseudorupestris C. Hoek and Cladophora cf. pygmaea Reinke are new records for the coast of São Paulo state. These species are described and illustrated here. Sixty four species are new occurrences for the rocky shores of PESM. Taking into account other studies, carried out on the northern São Paulo coast and on the southernmost Rio de Janeiro coast, the sampling effort of the present study can be considered suitable for taxonomic surveys, because it produced a comparable number of macroalgal species. In conclusion, for monitoring purposes of the Picinguaba coastal environment, we recommend sampling rocky shore macroalgae yearly, in the summer, using the methodology described in this paper.

  20. Kontserdimajas kõlab Arvo Pärdi muusika

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Pärnu Filharmoonia ja kontserdimaja hooaja avakontserdist "Pärt Pärnus" 22. sept. Pärnu kontserdimajas, esitusel Arvo Pärdi teosed "Te Deum", "Tabula rasa", "Ein Wallfahrtslied" ja "Orient & Occident"

  1. Hooaeg algab helilooja Arvo Pärdi loominguga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Pärnu Filharmoonia ja kontserdimaja hooaja avakontserdist "Pärt Pärnus" 22. sept. Pärnu kontserdimajas, esitusel Arvo Pärdi teosed "Te Deum", "Tabula rasa", "Ein Wallfahrtslied" ja "Orient & Occident"

  2. Helilooja Arvo Pärt jäi Pärnu kontserdiga väga rahule / Ester Vilgats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilgats, Ester

    2007-01-01

    Pärnu Filharmoonia ja kontserdimaja hooaja avakontserdist "Pärt Pärnus" 22. sept. Pärnu kontserdimajas, esitusel Arvo Pärdi teosed "Te Deum", "Tabula rasa", "Ein Wallfahrtslied" ja "Orient & Occident"

  3. Pärt, Arvo: "Summa". Collage sur BACH. Fratres / Patric Wiklacz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wiklacz, Patric

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo: "Summa". Collage sur BACH. Fratres. Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten. Summa. Festina Lente. Tabula rasa. Tapiola Sinfonietta / Jean-Jacques Kantorow". BIS-CD-834. 62:30 DDD

  4. New Releases

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Pärt "Tabula Rasa", Alfen "Swedish Rhapsodies" (dirigent Neeme Järvi), Tubin "Syms Nos 3 & 8" (dirigent Neeme Järvi), Shostakovich "Ballet Stes" (dirigent Neeme Järvi), Tüür "Orch Wks"

  5. HUBUNGAN ANTARA INTERAKSI KELUARGA DENGAN SELF-ESTEEM REMAJA

    OpenAIRE

    Rizkiani, Risa; Hasanah, Uswatun; GP, Vera Utami

    2015-01-01

    AbstrakPendidikan adalah aset masa depan untuk mewujudkan generasi penerus yang berkualitas. Kualitas itu harus didukung dengan penghargaan diri yang baik. Kebanyakan remaja saat ini, hanya memiliki kemampuan akademis tanpa rasa aktif atau penghargaan diri yang tinggi. Hal ini menjadi tugas bagi orang tua untuk dapat menumbuhkan rasa penghargaan diri itu, melalui interaksi yang baik dalam keluarga. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan cluster random sampling. Penelitian ini ber...

  6. Radiological survey activities: uranium mill tailings remedial action project procedures manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Little, C.A.; Berven, B.A.; Carter, T.E.

    1986-07-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) was assigned the responsibility for conducting remedial action at 24 sites, which are located in one eastern and nine western states. The DOE's responsibilities are being met through its Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project Office (UMTRA-PO) in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The purpose of this Procedures Manual is to provide a standardized set of procedures that document in an auditable manner the activities performed by the Radiological Survey Activities (RASA) group in the Dosimetry and Biophysical Transport Section (DABTS) of the Health and Safety Research Division (HASRD) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), in its role as the Inclusion Survey Contractor (ISC). Members of the RASA group assigned to the UMTRA Project are headquartered in the ORNL/RASA office in Grand Junction, Colorado, and report to the ORNL/RASA Project Manager. The Procedures Manual ensures that the organizational, administrative, and technical activities of the RASA/UMTRA group conform properly to those of the ISC as described in the Vicinity Properties Management and Implementation Manual and the Summary Protocol. This manual also ensures that the techniques and procedures used by the RASA/UMTRA group and contractor personnel meet the requirements of applicable governmental, scientific, and industrial standards

  7. Spatial and temporal variation of Peridinium umbonatum F. Stein, 1883 (Dinophyceae and its relationship with total phytoplankton of a shallow, oligotrophic lake in central Brazil (Lagoon Bonita, Distrito Federal Variação especial e temporal de Peridinium umbonatum F. Stein, 1883 (Dinophyceae e sua relação com o fitoplâncton total de uma lagoa rasa e oligotrófica no Brasil Central (Lagoa Bonita, Distrito Federal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Pereira Gomes

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available AIM: The main goal of this study was to investigate the temporal and spatial distribution of Peridinium umbonatum and its relationship with the physical and chemical water variables of the pelagic and littoral zones of Lagoon Bonita, located in Brasília, Distrito Federal; METHODS: Samples were collected at three stations: two in the littoral zone and one in the pelagic zone, every 15 days from April 2005 through March 2006; RESULTS: P. umbonatum was the only member of class Dinophyceae recorded during the entire seasonal cycle, with few exceptions, in both the littoral and pelagic zones of Lagoon Bonita. The highest biovolume (7.5 mm³.L-1 of this alga occurred near shore at the beginning of the rainy season, in November 2005. Smaller values of P. umbonatum biovolume were recorded in May and June 2005, typical dry months; CONCLUSIONS: P. umbonatum and the phytoplankton community as a whole had higher biovolumes in the two littoral zone sites, at the end of the dry season and the beginning of the rains. Both, the temporal and spatial scales were relevant in the presence of P. umbonatum, and the spatial heterogeneity was the dominant factor along the study period. The plant community structure, mainly submersed macrophytes, has affected the P. umbonatum population dynamics that took place at shallow, nutrient-poor conditions, small-size lake, which matches with habitat template described to Lo functional classification established by Reynolds et al. (2002.OBJETIVOS: O principal objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a distribuição temporal e espacial de Peridinium umbonatum e sua relação com as variáveis físicas e químicas da água das zonas pelágica e litorânea da Lagoa Bonita, localizada em Brasília, Distrito Federal; MÉTODOS: As amostras foram coletadas em três estações: duas na zona litorânea e uma na zona pelágica, a cada 15 dias, de abril de 2005 a março de 2006; RESULTADOS: P. umbonatum foi o único membro da classe Dinophyceae registrado durante todo o ciclo sazonal, com poucas exceções, tanto nas zonas litorâneas quanto na zona pelágica da Lagoa Bonita. O maior biovolume dessa alga (7,5 mm³.L-1 ocorreu perto da costa, no início da estação chuvosa, em novembro de 2005. Os menores valores de biovolume P. umbonatum foram registrados em maio e junho de 2005, meses tipicamente secos; CONCLUSÕES: P. umbonatum e a comunidade fitoplanctônica como um todo tiveram os maiores biovolumes nos dois pontos da zona litorânea, no final da estação seca e início das chuvas. Tanto a escala temporal quanto a espacial foram relevantes na ocorrência de P. umbonatum, sendo que a heterogeneidade espacial foi o fator preponderante durante o período de estudo. A estrutura das comunidades de plantas, sobretudo macrófitas submersas, influenciaram na dinâmica populacional de P. umbanatum que ocorreu em um lago raso, pobre em nutrientes e de tamanho pequeno, cujas características coincidem com as características de habitat descritas para o grupo funcional Lo estabelecido por Reynolds et al. (2002.

  8. Atualização da proteína ideal para frangos de corte

    OpenAIRE

    Jéssica de Souza Vilela

    2015-01-01

    O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o desempenho produtivo, o rendimento de carcaça e de cortes comerciais de frango alimentados com rações peletizadas contendo diferentes relações de valina/isoleucina durante as fases de crescimento e final (22 a 42 dias) desses animais. Foram utilizados 630 pintos machos de um dia de idade, da linhagem cobb 500. De 1 a 22 dias de idade, todas as aves receberam uma ração basal comum e aos 22 dias foram pesadas e distribuídas em um delineamento inteiramente c...

  9. Pengaruh Perendaman Cumi Cumi Segar Dalam Larutan Kitosan Terhadap Daya awetnya Selama Penyimpanan Pada Suhu Kamar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovita Tri Murtini

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk melihat pengaruh perendaman dalam larutan kitosan terhadap daya awet cumi‑cumi yang disimpan pada suhu kamar. Pada penelitian ini, cumi‑cumi direndam dalam larutan kitosan masing‑masing dengan variasi konsentrasi 0; 0,30; 0,38; 0,50; dan 0,75% selama 30 menit. Pengamatan kesegaran dilakukan setiap 8 jam sampai produk cumi‑cumi ditolak oleh panelis. Parameter yang diamati meliputi analisis proksimat, Total Volatile Base (TVB, Total Plate Count (TPC dan nilai organoleptik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa berdasarkan nilai TVB dan TPC, perlakuan perendaman dalam larutan 0,75% kitosan dapat memperpanjang daya simpan cumi‑cumi selama 16 jam, tetapi perlakuan yang lain, termasuk kontrol, hanya mempunyai daya simpan hingga 8 jam. Akan tetapi dari hasil pengamatan rupa, warna, bau dan tekstur, tanpa memperhatikan rasa pahit, produk baru ditolak panelis pada jam ke‑24 untuk kontrol, jam ke‑32 untuk perlakuan konsentrasi kitosan 0,30; 0,38; dan 0,50%, dan jam ke‑40 untuk konsentrasi tertinggi, yaitu 0,75%. Pada konsentrasi kitosan 0,38 dan 0,50% terdeteksi rasa tambahan berupa rasa agak asam, sedangkan pada konsentrasi 0,75% rasa tambahan berupa rasa agak pahit. Pada konsentrasi kitosan di atas 50%, kulit cumi‑cumi banyak terkelupas, sehingga menurunkan nilai rupa/kenampakan.

  10. PENGGUNAAN BIOGRAFI TUAN GURU KIYAI HAJI MUHAMMAD ZAINUDDIN ABDUL MAJID DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH LOKAL DI MADRASAH ALIYAH NAHDLATUL WATHAN SENYIUR KABUPATEN LOMBOK TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Afandi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini berjudul Penggunaan Biografi Tuan Guru Kiyai Haji Muhammad Zainuddin Abdul Majid dalam Pembelajaran Sejarah Lokal di Madrasah Aliyah Nahdlatul Wathan Senyiur Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Salah satu tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat sejauh mana proses pembelajaran berangsung dan bagaimana dampaknya bagi siswa dalam rangka meningkatkan kreatifitas dan sikap nasionalisme siswa yang berlandaskan beberapa indikator yang peneliti sodorkan, misalnya 1 memiliki rasa bangga terhadap bangsa, 2 peduli terhadap nasib bangsa, 3 mempertahankan identitas atau jati diri sebagai bangsa timur, 4 menerima kemajemukan, 5 memiliki rasa keterpautan dan rasa memiliki (Sense of Belonging. Dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan menunjukkan bahwa aktifitas siswa di dalam kelas selama proses pembelajaran mengalami peningkatan secara signifikan. Hal tersebut terlihat dari proses tanya jawab selama proses pembelajaran berlangsung. Salah satu kendala dalam pembelajaran ini adalah terkait minimnya sumber-sumber pendukung pembelajran, misalnya buku maupun literatur-literatur yang membahas tentang tokoh Tuan Guru Haji Muhammad Zainuddin Abdul Majid. Kata kunci: biografi, pembelajaran Sejarah.

  11. Resistance and resilience of small-scale recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) with or without algae to pH perturbation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giatsis, Christos; Md Yusoff, Fatimah; Verreth, Johan; Verdegem, Marc

    2018-01-01

    The experimental set-up of this study mimicked recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) where water quality parameters such as dissolved oxygen, pH, temperature, and turbidity were controlled and wastes produced by fish and feeding were converted to inorganic forms. A key process in the RAS was the conversion of ammonia to nitrite and nitrite to nitrate through nitrification. It was hypothesized that algae inclusion in RAS would improve the ammonia removal from the water; thereby improving RAS water quality and stability. To test this hypothesis, the stability of the microbiota community composition in a freshwater RAS with (RAS+A) or without algae (RAS-A) was challenged by introducing an acute pH drop (from pH 7 to 4 during three hours) to the system. Stigeoclonium nanum, a periphytic freshwater microalga was used in this study. No significant effect of the algae presence was found on the resistance to the acute pH drop on ammonia conversion to nitrite and nitrite conversion to nitrate. Also the resilience of the ammonia conversion to the pH drop disruption was not affected by the addition of algae. This could be due to the low biomass of algae achieved in the RAS. However, with regard to the conversion step of nitrite to nitrate, RAS+A was significantly more resilient than RAS-A. In terms of overall bacterial communities, the composition and predictive function of the bacterial communities was significantly different between RAS+A and RAS-A. PMID:29659617

  12. Kajian Pembuatan Permen Jelly dari Buah Tanjung (Mimusops elengi L

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nida El Husna

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Tanaman tanjung (Mimusops elengi L. merupakan tanaman pelindung yang banyak ditanam diperkarangan kantor, sekolah maupun dipingir-pinggir jalan dan hutan kota. Bagian tanaman tanjung yang biasa dimanfaatkan yaitu bunga, daun, akar dan kulit batang sedangkan buahnya tidak termanfaatkan sama sekali. Buah tanjung memiliki rasa sepat sehingga masyarakat tidak menyukainya. Rasa sepat pada buah bisa dikurangi dengan merendam buah dengan larutan kapur sirih. Salah satu cara yang dilakukan agar buah tanjung tidak terbuang yaitu dengan mengolahnya menjadi permen jelly. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh lama perendaman buah tanjung dengan larutan kapur dan konsentrasi gula terhadap karakteristik permen jelly yang dihasilkan. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK Faktorial dengan 2 faktor. Faktor pertama yaitu lama perendaman buah tanjung dengan larutan kapur (J dengan 3 taraf yaitu 12 jam (J1, 24 jam (J2 dan 36 jam (J3. Faktor kedua yaitu konsentrasi gula (G dengan 3 taraf yaitu 70% (G1,  90% (G2 dan 110% (G3. Setiap perlakuan diulang sebanyak 3 kali ulangan sehingga diperoleh 27 satuan percobaan. Hasil penelitian lama perendaman buah tanjung berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap rasa dan berpengaruh nyata terhadap tekstur permen jelly yang dihasilkan. Semakin lama perendaman buah tanjung maka rasa kelat pada buah tanjung akan semakin berkurang. Konsentrasi gula yang berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap kadar air permen jelly buah tanjung. Semakin besar konsentrasi gula yang ditambahkan maka kadar air permen jelly yang dihasilkan semakin rendah. Interaksi lama perendaman buah tanjung dan konsentrasi gula berpengaruh nyata terhadap rasa permen jelly yang dihasilkan. Berdasarkan nilai organoleptik, buah tanjung yang direndam dengan larutan kapur sirih selama 24 jam dan konsentrasi gula 90% merupakan kombinasi perlakuan terbaik dalam pembuatan permen jelly buah tanjung, yang menghasilkan permen jelly dengan kadar air 10,58%, p

  13. PENCAPAIAN SENSE OF DESIGN DALAM PERANCANGAN DESAIN KOMUNIKASI VISUAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Setiawan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penelitian ini membahas tentang kekuatan rasa dalam perancangan desain komunikasi visual. Aktualisasi komukasi visual tidak dapat lepas dari bisnis dan estetika desain. Rasa berperan penting dalam perancangan, jika tidak  akan terjadi risalah tragedi. Karya-karya perancangan komunikasi visual tidak bisa lepas dari media sebagai tempat mediasi antara produk, jasa, bahkan aktualisasi diri dengan masyarakat yang menjadi sasaran. Kehadiran rasa pada setiap unsur di dalam perancangan akan membingkai konsep dari suatu rancangan. Metode penelitian menggunakan kualitatif yang lebih menekankan pada observasi dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan analisis studi kasus. Berkreasi dengan rasa adalah persoalan penghayatan, karena setiap tindakan yang dilakukan manusia melibatkan seluruh panca indra. Penghayatan melalui daya imajinasi yang terwujud secara visual adanya stilasi, distorsi, dan adaptasi. Namun yang menarik adalah perancang mampu menangkap esensi, sehingga rasa lebih dilibatkan pada proses penciptaan. Rasa dalam perancangan adalah hasil dari penghayatan yang di dalamnya menunjukkan adanya kegiatan berproses kreatif. Aspek kreatif, ekspresi, persepsi, karakter, produktif, inventif, inovasi, dan inspirasi serta emergentif yang keseluruhan hadir dalam konsep perancangan tertuju pada pencapaian nilai estetika. Perancangan komunikasi visual menunjukkan adanya rasa dari proses hingga final desain. Rasa dalam perancangan komunikasi visual hadir pada setiap elemen desain yaitu: ilustrasi, tipografi, warna, dan layout. Kata kunci: Sense of Design,  Elemen Desain, Desain Komunikasi Visual.   Abstract This research discuss about the power of sense in creation of Visual Communication Design. The actualization of visual communication can’t be separated from bussines and aesthetic design. The sense is important role in creation. If it doesn’t, it will be treatise tragedy. The product of visual communication can’t be separated from media

  14. Data-base system for northern Midwest regional aquifer-system analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kontis, A.L.; Mandle, Richard J.

    1980-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey is conducting a study of the Cambrian and Ordovician aquifer system of the northern Midwest as part of a national series of Regional Aquifer-Systems Analysis (RASA). An integral part of this study will be a simulation of the ground-water flow regime using the Geological Survey's three-dimensional finite-difference model. The first step in the modeling effort is the design and development of a systematic set of processes to facilitate the collection, evaluation, manipulation, and use of large quantities of information. A computerized data-base system to accomplish these goals has been completed for the northern Midwest RASA.

  15. PENGARUH KUALITAS PELAYANAN SALES TERHADAP KEPUASAN KONSUMEN DALAM PERSPEKTIF EKONOMI ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Anifaturrohmah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Competition in today's business world is increasingly ketat. this also perceived by business people in the field of trade as a business owner in UD. Cita Rasa. UD.Cita Rasa is a wholesale snack foods and drinks that are in their business development megetahui Sempidi Denpasar. for then UD. Cita Rasa Sense should know the factors that affect customer satisfaction.                This study aims to analyze how much influence sales service quality to customer satisfaction according to Islamic economic perspective. The sampling method used is Convinience Sampling.Sampel in this study were 100 customers of UD.Cita Rasa Sempidi Denpasar and then conducted an analysis of the data obtained using the analysis of quantitative and qualitative data. Quantitative analysis includes: validity, reliability, multiple regression analysis, hypothesis testing via t test, qualitative analysis is the interpretation of the data obtained in the study and the results of data processing that has been carried out by giving a description and explanation.                The results showed that the quality of service provided by UD. Cita Rasa is in terms of the performance of the employees at UD. Cita Rasa In the form of services inside and outside the shop. It can be seen from the results of multiple regression analysis that: Y = 0.196 X1 + 0.721 X2. Quality of service (X1 and Sales Marketing (X2 has a positive effect on customer satisfaction. The Customer will feel satisfied if they regard it as a king in the purchase. And also because a good service then the customer will be more and more. Because customers will be using mouth marketing, which is to promote the quality of service which is owned by UD.Cita Rasa to other consumers. UD. Cita Rasa in terms of ministry of honesty, responsible, can be believed, do not cheat, serve with Khitmah be reflected in the workers who look everyday. they work with spirit and full of smiles. But on the subject

  16. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Vibha Dwivedi. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 40 Issue 2 June 2015 pp 281-297 Articles. Suppression of induced but not developmental apoptosis in Drosophila by Ayurvedic Amalaki Rasayana and Rasa-Sindoor · Vibha Dwivedi Shweta Tiwary Subhash C ...

  17. A Lifting Surface Theory for Wings Experiencing Leading-Edge Separation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-06-30

    CSR -CHCRÜ TO SPAN RATIO N-l N’SECIION NO. INDICAIOR FORM SCALES TO KURHALUt E0U»T|CNS Fl • 2.» ALEA /IP|»P| I fi ■ AIFA...Documentation Center Cameron Station, Bldg. 5 Alexandria, VA 22314 12 Nielsen Engineering & Research, Inc. 510 Clyde Avenue Mountain View, CA 94043 1 RASA

  18. Pengaruh Dexketoprofen Dengan Ketorolac Terhadap Kadar Kortisol Plasma Pada Tikus Wistar Yang Mengalami Insisi

    OpenAIRE

    Pranowo, Devina Adiyani; Witjaksono, Witjaksono

    2014-01-01

    Latar belakang: Luka pasca pembedahan seperti insisi dapat menimbulkan nyeri yang akan merangsang timbulnya respon stress metabolik (MSR) berupa peningkatan kadar kortisol. Meningkatnya kadar kortisol menyebabkan penekanan respon imun dan melambatnya penyembuhan luka. Pemberian Dexketoprofen dan Ketorolac akan mengurangi rasa nyeri yang berefek pada penurunan kadar kortisol dan mempercepat penyembuhan luka.Tujuan: Membuktikan adanya perbedaan pengaruh Dexketoprofen intramuskular dengan Ketoro...

  19. Analisa Pengaruh Employee Engagement Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Dan Turnover Intention Di Hotel D'season Surabaya

    OpenAIRE

    Natalia, Jessica; Rosiana, Elvin

    2017-01-01

    Employee engagement di Perusahaan sangat penting karena memberikan banyak manfaat sehingga setiap karyawan harus memiliki rasa engaged. Tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh signifikan employee engagement terhadap kinerja karyawan dan turnover intention serta pengaruh signifikan dari turnover intention terhadap kinerja karyawan. Jenis penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan software Smart PL...

  20. Russia raises contract demands

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    25. märtsil teatas Venemaa, et ostab Prantsusmaalt helikopterikandja Mistral ainult koos täisvarustusega - koos kõigi juhtimis- ja navigeerimisseadmete ja relvastusega. Kaitseväe juhataja Ants Laaneotsa, peaminister Andrus Ansipi, Läti kaitseministri Imants Liegise ja Leedu kaitseministri Rasa Jukneviciese arvamused

  1. Kiasma taltsutamas netikultuuri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    10. okt.-st Kiasmas "ajutine meedia laboratoorium", kus internet leiab kasutamist kunstilistel ja sotsiaalpoliitilistel eesmärkidel. 31. X-4. XI toimib töörühm Baltic sea media space & net radio, mida koordineerib e-lab (eesotsas Rasa Smite) Riiast. Kiasma ürituste kohta: http://www.kiasma.fi/temp

  2. Kulturaspektet i teknisk oversættelse - en ny runde i et gammelt spil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kastberg, Peter

    2002-01-01

    My point of departure is opposition towards what seems to be a stereotypical notion of technical communication; namely that it is an instance of domain specific communication devoid of cultural context, a cultural tabula rasa, so to speak. The main focus of this article is to discuss critically...

  3. Contemporary Conditions are Badly Known

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cox, Geoff; Lund, Jacob

    2017-01-01

    of operation. Full bibliographic details are as follows: Renewable Futures: Art, Science and Society in the Post-Media Age, Acoustic Space 16, eds. Rasa Smite, Raitis Smits, Armin Medosch, Riga: Center for New Media Culture RIXC in collaboration with Art Research Laboratory, Leipaja University, Riga. ISSN 1407...

  4. Horner’s syndrome associated with parotid duct obstruction in a sheep

    OpenAIRE

    Loste, Araceli; Ramos, Juan J.; Ferrer, Luis M.; Climent, Salvador; Latre, María V.

    2006-01-01

    A 9-year old, Rasa Aragonesa ewe was presented with a left-sided, facial, soft fluctuant swelling. The postmortem examination showed grass awns filling the entire length of the parotid gland duct. The presence of parotid duct obstruction with Horner’s syndrome, previously unreported in sheep, is discussed.

  5. FORMULASI DAN PENGOLAHAN MARGARIN MENGGUNAKAN FRAKSI MINYAK SAWIT PADA SKALA INDUSTRI KECIL SERTA APLIKASINYA DALAM PEMBUATAN BOLU GULUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasrul Abdi Hasibuan

    2015-11-01

    margarin pembanding. Hasil uji organoleptik bolu gulung menggunakan margarin ini memberikan tingkat kesukaan terhadap rasa, tekstur dan kenampakan tidak berbeda nyata dengan margarin pembanding. Dengan demikian, margarin yang dibuat dari RBDPO dan RPO pada penelitian ini memiliki kualitas memadai dan setara dengan produk komersial. Kata kunci: Formulasi, minyak sawit, minyak sawit merah, texturisasi, lemak plastis

  6. Pop / Aleksander T. Yostafa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Yostafa, Aleksander T.

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: ? Kvartett "Nemane", Jean-Francois Laporte "Soundmatters", The New Pornographers "Challengers", Queensryche "Mindcrime At The Moore", Traveling Wilburys "The Traveling Wilburys Collection" (2 CD+DVD), Down "Down Ill: Over the Under", Kago "Piimash/Kõngerjõnks", Kirtana Rasa "Põhjataeva tuled"

  7. Pärt: Chamber and Orchestral Works / Robert Cowan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cowan, Robert

    1994-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt: Chamber and Orchestral Works. Bournemouth Sinfonietta, Richard Studt. EMI Eminence CD CD-EMX 2221; Fratres; Cantus in memory of Benjamin Britten; Summa; Spiegel im Spiegel; Festina lente; Tabula Rasa; Fratres - selected comparison: Bachmann, Kibonoff (12/94)(CATA) 09026 61824-2. Kremer, Jarrett (ECM) 817 764-2

  8. Introduction to 'Rasashaastra'- The Iatrochemistry of Ayurveda ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The word Rasashaastra literally means the “Science of Mercury”. It is a specialized branch of Ayurveda dealing mainly with materials which are known as 'Rasa dravyaas'. The products dealt under this discipline are an important component of Ayurvedic therapeutics. Considering the importance of this discipline in ...

  9. Pärt, Arvo. Fratres (version 1980). Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten / Guillaume Connesson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Connesson, Guillaume

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo. Fratres (version 1980). Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten. Summa. Spiegel im Spiegel. Festina lente. Tabula rasa: Tasmin Little (violon), Martin Roscoe (piano), Bournemouth Sinfonietta, Richard Studt" EMI Classics 565 031-2 (CD: 98 F). 1993. TT: 1h 03'42"

  10. Analisis Perbandingan Sikap Konsumen terhadap Penggunaan Produk Shampoo Clear dan Shampoo Pantene di Winangun

    OpenAIRE

    Soegoto, Agus Supandi; Mananeke, Lisbeth; Manossoh, Angelina

    2015-01-01

    Sikap seseorang merupakan konsep penting dalam mempelajari perilaku konsumen. Dengan mempengaruhi perilaku konsumen, maka para pemasar dapat mempengaruhi perilaku pembelian konsumen. Sikap yang merupakan ekspresi perasaan menyatakan rasa suka atau tidak suka, senang atau tidak senang terhadap suatu produk, dimana produk tersebut dapat berupa barang atau jasa. Sikap konsumen akan mempengaruhi pilihannya dalam membeli, dimana seseorang mempunyai sikap terhadap segala sesuatu, misalnya: pekerjaa...

  11. An amateur botanist on the Lesser Sunda Islands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schmutz, Erwin

    1976-01-01

    Tabula Rasa. In 1963 as a missionary I arrived in the Flora Malesiana region, notably in the Lesser Sunda Islands. A certain ’sensus botanicus’ was my only equipment for botanical surveys, and the next thing to do was to walk the arduous but occasionally quite entertaining road to discovery. I often

  12. ANALISIS POSITIONING RESTORAN CEPAT SAJI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osa Omar Sharif

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti positioning restoran cepat saji McDonald's, Kentucky Fried Chicken, California Fried Chicken, A&W, dan Texas Chicken. Penelitian dilakukan di Kota Bandung dengan mengambil sebanyak 400 responden. Analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis multidimensional scaling, analisis memberikan gambaran positioning dari restoran cepat saji yang ditampilkan dalam perceptual map. Restoran cepat saji yang memiliki layanan paling baik adalah McD dan yang memiliki layanan paling buruk adalah CFC. Restoran cepat saji yang memiliki rasa makanan paling enak adalah McD dan yang memiliki rasa makanan tidak enak adalah CFC. KFC dinilai paling ideal karena selalu berhasil menduduki peringkat satu dan dua jika dilihat dari sudut pandang restoran cepat saji yang lain. Pesaing terdekat McD adalah KFC. McD mendapatkan ranking pertama dari segi atribut layanan, kebersihan, variasi makanan, dan rasa makanan. Dengan posisi seperti ini McD seharusnya tetap menjaga kualitas layanan, kebersihan, variasi makanan, dan rasa makanan agar konsumen tetap memilih untuk datang ke McD. KFC sebaiknya tetap menjaga suasana yang membuat konsumen nyaman akan suasana di dalam atau diluar restoran

  13. Baltic cooperation twenty years later / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    2. detsembril Tallinnas toimunud Baltimaade ja Poola presidentide kohtumisel arutati Rail Balticu projektiga seonduvat. 2. detsembril Kaunases toimunud Baltimaade kaitseministrite Mart Laari, Rasa Jukneviciene ja Artis Pabriksi kohtumisel arutati Balti riikide kaitsekoostööga seotud küsimusi. Samal ajal Visaginases toimunud Läti ja Leedu peaministrite kohtumisel räägiti Visaginase tuumaelektrijaama projektist. LNG terminaliga seotud vaidlustest

  14. Lead, Mercury, and Arsenic in US- and Indian-Manufactured Ayurvedic Medicines Sold via the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lead, mercury, and arsenic have been detected in a subsantial portion of Indian-manufactured traditional Ayurvedic medicines. Metals may be present due to the parctice of rasa shastra (combining herbs with metals, minerals and gems). Whether toxic metals are present in both US-...

  15. Estudo de espalhamento Raman em cristais de L-leucina submetidos a altas temperaturas e a altas pressÃes

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro de Freitas FaÃanha Filho

    2007-01-01

    Neste trabalho foram realizadas medidas de espalhamento Raman polarizado à temperatura ambiente e medidas de absorÃÃo no infravermelho em cristais do aminoÃcido L-leucina com o objetivo de se determinar os modos normais de vibraÃÃo do material. Para isto, utilizou-se auxiliarmente a classificaÃÃo dos modos normais de vibraÃÃo disponÃveis para outros trÃs aminoÃcidos protÃicos alifÃticos, a L-alanina, a L-Âvalina e a L-isoleucina. Na segunda parte do trabalho estudou-se o comportamento dos mod...

  16. Commercial Optics for Space Surveillance and Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackermann, M.; Kopit, E.; McGraw, J.; Zimmer, P.

    Since the first days of the space program, there have been both amateur and government satellite watchers. Large, expensive government systems with custom optics are still the most capable, but with modern sensors and high speed computers, amateur trackers are easily pushing the limits of what government systems achieved only a decade ago. A very recent trend in the space world is the emergence of commercial space operations centers. Once the exclusive purview of governments, corporations are now providing orbital environment awareness services to the operators of commercial satellites. The requirement for synoptic satellite observations has led to corporations developing world-wide observing networks. A problem facing both amateur and corporate observers is the limited availability of suitable optical systems. Most observing efforts rely on long focus (f/8 or greater) optical systems with focal reducers, and a somewhat limited field of view. Often, the cameras in use are not ideally matched to the optical system. While there are a few exceptions, the choices are not many. Celestron recently introduced the C-11 RASA optical system, with an 11-inch aperture and an f/2.2 focal ratio. This optical system is designed for dedicated imaging and is ideally suited for both wide-field astronomy and the detection and tracking of satellites. The larger C-14 RASA, to be introduced later this year, was specifically designed for wide-field imaging with large commercial CCDs. It offers greater sensitivity and a wider field of view than the smaller C-11 RASA and should prove to be the instrument of choice for both amateur and corporate satellite observers. We present data from satellite observations with a production model C-11 RASA and estimated performance for the new C-14 RASA.

  17. Surgical treatment of massive bleeding of a right aberrant subclavian artery after oesophageal stent removal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Raum

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a 9-year-old female who required surgical treatment and resuscitation after severe transoesophageal bleeding of a right aberrant subclavian artery (RASA. Bleeding of this RASA was caused by a mechanical irritation due to an oesophageal stent. The stent was placed weeks before to dilate the oesophagus after accidental ingestion of a caustic agent. Although conservative management of benign oesophageal stenosis in children is highly recommended, there are still some major complications to be considered. To avoid erosion of aberrant subclavian artery vascular rings and slings, as described in several case reports, these vessels should be excluded by computed tomography (CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scans before placement of oesophageal stents. This case suggests that management of caustic ingestion in children is still a major challenge in paediatric surgical departments. Keywords: Paediatric surgery, Chemical Burn, Oesophageal stenosis, Oesophageal stenting, Vascular abnormalities, Right aberrant subclavian artery

  18. PENGARUH SUBTITUSI KACANG GUDE (Cajanuscajan TERHADAP KADAR PROTEIN DAN DAYA TERIMA KECAP KEDELAI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desinta Andriana

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia memiliki sumber daya alam melimpah, memiliki sumber daya kacang-kacangan yang potensial sebagai pengganti kedelai, salah satunya adalah kacang gude. Untuk mengurangi ketergantungan kedelai dalam pembuatan kecap diperlukan alternatif lain yaitu dengan memanfaatkan kacang gude dalam pembuatan kecap.Penelitian ini berjenis true eksperiment (eksperimen sungguhan dengan rancangan post test dengan kelompok kontrol. Jenis perlakuan subtitusi kacang gude dengan konsentrasi 0%, 10%, 20%, dan 30% dalam pembuatan kecap. Uji daya terima meliputi aspek warna, aroma, rasa dan kekentalan. Uji Kruskal Wallis untuk uji pengaruh kacang gude terhadap kadar protein, viskositas dan daya terima.Dari hasilpenelitiandidapatkanbahwatidakadapengaruhsubtitusikacanggudeterhadapkadar protein yaitup value 0,083 (>0,05, viskositaskecapyaitup value 0,932 (>0,05 dandayaterima (aspekwarna 0,684 (>0,05, aspek rasa 0,621 (>0,05, adapengaruhsubtitusikacanggudeterhadapdayaterima (aspek aroma 0,000 (<0,05 danaspekkekentalan 0,047 (<0,05. Berdasarkanujidayaterimamemberikantingkatkesukaan paling baikpadasubtitusikacanggude 30%.

  19. Postpartum depression in Indonesia women: a national study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Idaiani

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakLatar belakang: Ibu yang melahirkan diharapkan tidak mengalami rasa sedih pasca persalinan yang berdampak jangka panjang antara lain menyebabkan gangguan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan anak. Tujuan analisis ini untuk mengidentifikasi beberapa faktor terhadap rasa sedih pasca melahirkan.Metode: Analisis ini merupakan sebagian data Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas 2010 yang dilaksanakan di seluruh Indonesia dengan sampling bertahap. Analisis dilakukan terhadap wanita yang menikah atau pernah menikah berumur 13-49 tahun yang melahirkan bayi antara 1 January 2005 sampai 31 August 2010. Analisis mempergunakan regresi logistik.Hasil:Prevalensi rasa sedih pasca persalinan sebesar 2,32% (440/18937. Wanita yang melahirkan bayi dengan ukuran sangat kecil berisiko tertinggi mengalami (4,8-lipat rasa sedih pasca persalinan [rasio odds suaian (ORa=4,84; 95% interval kepercayaan (CI=2,89-8,12], dan yang mempunyai bayi kecil 67% lebih besar mengalami rasa sedih pasca persalinan (ORa=1,67; 95% CI =1,20-2,33. Selain itu wanita yang mengalami komplikasi pasca persalinan berisiko lebih besar mengalami rasa sedih pasca persalinan. Dibandingkan dengan yang tidak mengalami komplikasi, wanita yang mengalami pecah ketuban dini mengalami risiko lebih tinggi 6 kali lipat (ORa=6,02; 95% CI=4,63-7,83, disusul yang mengalami partus macet (ORa=5.75; 95% CI=3,05-10,85.Kesimpulan:Wanita yang mengalami komplikasi selama persalinan atau mempunyai besar bayi tidak rata-rata berisiko lebih besar mengalami rasa sedih pasca persalinan.(Health Science Indones 2012;1:3-8Kata kunci: post partum, rasa sedih, komplikasi, besar bayi, IndonesiaAbstractBackground:A mother’s postpartum depression may have long-term impacts on a child’s growth and development. This analysis aimed to identify several risk factors related to postpartum depression.Methods:The data analyzed originated from a cross-sectional Basic Health Survey (Riskesdas 2010 of Indonesia which provided specific

  20. Siger Sebagai Wujud Seni Budaya Pada Masyarakat Multietnik di Provinsi Lampung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deri Ciciria

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini menitik beratkan pada pembahasan siger sebagai simbol  integrasi masyarakat suku Lampung. Provinsi Lampung terdiri dari dua golongan suku asli yaitu suku Lampung Pepadun dan Saibatin. Keadaan ini sangat rentan akan terjadinya konflik dan perpecahan karena rasa sukuisme yang muncul karena tinggal di wilayah adat berbeda. Makna yang terungkap dalam artikel ini adalah bahwa siger merupakan simbol pemersatu masyarakat Lampung. Bentuk, warna, dan berbagai hiasan aksesorisnya menyiratkan persatuan dan kesatuan suku, sub  suku, dan keturunan masyarakat Lampung Pepadun dan Saibatin. Dengan adanya siger, masyarakat Lampung Pepadun ataupun Saibatin terikat oleh suatu persamaan kebudayaan, silsilah keturunan, kehidupan sosial budaya bahkan rasa senasib sepenanggungan. Siger dijadikan sebagai sarana propaganda mewujudkan integrasi masyarakat suku Lampung. Oleh karena itu siger banyak dimunculkan pada berbagai ornamen bangunan rumah, pasar (baik modern maupun tradisional, gapura, dan simbol pemerintahan sebagai wujud kemajemukan masyarakat Lampung. Kata kunci: Siger, Integrasi Budaya

  1. KANDIDIASIS VAGINA YANG MENDAPAT TERAPI SISTEMIK DAN TOPIKAL: SEBUAH LAPORAN KASUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewa Made Rendy Sanjaya

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Kandidiasis vulvovaginitis ialah penyakit jamur candida yang mengenai mukosa vagina danvulva.Penyebabnya yang tersering biasanya adalah candida albicans.Gejala klinis KandidiasisVulvovaginitis ialah gatal didaerah vulva, dan pada yang berat terdapat rasa panas,dispaneuria.lesi eritema, hiperemis dilabia mayora, dan vagina 1/3 bawah. Dilaporkan satu  kasusseorang wanita. berumur 26 tahun dengan keluhan keputihan pada daerah vagina sertamengalami kegatalan dan rasa nyeri terjadi sejak 2 minggu yang lalu. Pada gambaran klinis tampak dinding vagina eritema, erosi dengan secret putih kental. Pada pengecatan gram darisecret mukosa vagina didapatkan leukosit blastopsora dan pseudohifa. Pemerikaan KOH 10%dari sekret vagina didapatkan blastopore dan pesudohifa.Penanganan yang diberikan adalah obatsistemik dengan flukonazol 1x150 mg dosis tunggal dan topical diberikan ketokenazol cream.Prognosis kasus tersebut adalah baik..

  2. Karakterisasi Permen Jeli yang Dibuat dari Hasil Formulasi Jelly Powder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellya Sinurat

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian karakterisasi permen jeli dengan bahan baku formula jelly powder telah dilakukan. Formula jelly powder terdiri dari campuran karaginan murni, konjak, dekstrosa, dan KCl. Jelly powder ini digunakan untuk pembuatan permen jeli dengan variasi 3,5; 4,0; 4,5; dan 5,0%. Sebagai pembanding digunakan produk permen jeli impor berbahan dasar karaginan yang sudah ada di pasaran. Untuk mengetahui kualitas permen jeli, parameter yang diamati meliputi aktivitas air, sifat fisik (kekerasan, kelengketan, dan elastisitas serta nilai organoleptik (kenampakan, bau, rasa, tekstur, elastisitas, transparansi, dan penerimaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semakin tinggi konsentrasi  jelly powder menyebabkan meningkatnya kekerasan, kelengketan, dan elastisitas permen jeli. Nilai organoleptik untuk rasa, tekstur, elastisitas, transparansi, dan penerimaan yang paling baik menurut panelis adalah pada konsentrasi jelly powder 4,5%

  3. Kemasan Menarik dan Internet Marketing untuk Meningkatkan Nilai Jual Emping Garut sebagai Produk Unggulan Kabupaten Sragen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sari Purnavita

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Tanaman garut termasuk dalam jenis umbi-umbian yang banyak ditanam oleh masyarakat yang tinggal di Kecamatan Gesi, Kabupaten Sragen. Di Kabupaten Sragen terdapat beberapa industri rumah tangga emping garut, dua di antaranya yang memiliki motivasi sangat besar untuk berkembang adalah UKM emping garut “Sumber Rejeki” dan UKM emping garut “Fadilah”. Permasalahan kedua UKM adalah keterbatasan inovasi rasa emping garut, kemasan sangat sederhana, dan sistem pemasaran masih tradisional sehingga sehingga omzet penjualan dan nilai jual produk masih rendah. Untuk meningkatkan omzet penjualan dapat dilakukan dengan perbaikan inovasi dan teknologi pengemasan, teknologi seasoning dengan bumbu tabur, dan memperluas pemasaran dengan media internet. Produk emping garut yang dikemas secara menarik, inovasi produk emping garut aneka rasa, dan pemasaran dengan media internet melalui blogspot dapat menenbus pemasaran secara luas baik di toko-toko besar, harga jual produk meningkat 50%,dan omzet penjualan meningkat 100%.

  4. Perancangan Kemasan Dan Promosi Delicieux French Pastry Di Surabaya

    OpenAIRE

    Halim, Stephanie; Adib, Ahmad; Suhartono, Ani Wijayanti

    2015-01-01

    Delicieux French Pastry merupakan sebuah USAha home industry yang bergerak dibidang food and baverage sejak tahun 2010 dan dibangun oleh Yuni Ardiati. Kelebihan dari Delicieux adalah produk yang home made pie dengan kualitas bahan pilihan serta rasa dan teksturnya yang lezat. Selama ini Delicieux French Pastry melakukan penjualan secara online dengan pemasaran melalui media sosial seperti Facebook dan Instagram. Namun Delicieux memiliki kendala bahwa kemasan produk kurang menarik dan masih me...

  5. An Analysis Of Conflict In Alexandre Dumas’ The Count Of Monte Cristo

    OpenAIRE

    Kartika Sari

    2009-01-01

    Skripsi ini berjudul analisis mengenai konflik dalam karya sastra prosa atau novel, The Count of Monte Cristo yang ditulis oleh Alexandre Dumas. Konflik adalah suatu pertikaian yang terjadi akibat adanya rasa ketidakpuasan atas pilihan yang ada dalam hidup. Konflik hanya terjadi pada manusia yang dihadapkan pada beragam pilihan, sementara tidak semua pilihan tersebut berbuah kepuasan. Dalam karya sastra, manusia direpresentasikan dengan sebutan karakter atau tokoh. Karakter dilukiskan memi...

  6. PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN NATRIUM METABISULFIT DAN SUHU PEMASAKAN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN TEKNOLOGI VAKUM TERHADAP KUALITAS GULA MERAH TEBU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Maya Maharani

    2015-02-01

    gula merah menunjukkan kualitas yang paling baik. Nilai masing-masing parameternya dari perlakuan terbaik sebagai berikut: parameter kimia dan fisik dengankadar air 8,97%, gula reduksi 7,96 %, kadar abu 2,65%, total padatan tak larut 0,60 %, nilai kekerasan 15,68 kg/cm2, parameter organoleptik denganwarna 5,50, rasa 5,04 dan tekstur 5,36. Kata kunci: Nira tebu, natrium metabisulfit, suhu, evaporator vakum, gula merah

  7. Towards a Post-Antropocene Perspective on the Welfare City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Braae, Ellen Marie; Bøggild, Signe Sophie

    2015-01-01

    The welfare city with its humanistic, anthropocentric and progressive design ideals of the good life and egalitarianism usually signifies the post-war welfare state’s tabula rasa suburbs with evergreen public landscapes as common ground for public happiness. Inspired by the recent discourse of th...... green heritage’; an umbrella term bridging the gap between perspectives of the anthropocentric, the anthropocene and a possible post-anthropocene era, both challenged and driven by climate change and urbanisation....

  8. SMULKIŲ PREKYBOS ĮMONIŲ VERSLININKŲ VERSLUMO GERINIMAS

    OpenAIRE

    Kairienė, Rasa

    2006-01-01

    SUMMARY Rasa Kairienė Improvement of Entrepreneurship of Small Sales Businesses Master’s studies final thesis, 67 pages, 10 figures, 11 tables, 47 references, 2 appendices, in Lithuanian. KEY Words: businessman, entrepreneurship, human capital, small sales companies, external factors, internal factors. Object of investigation: businessmen of Radviliškis District small sales companies in 2003–2005. Subject of investigation: businessmen entrepreneurship. Aim of the work: to analyse entrepreneur...

  9. Feminist Groupwork Feminist Groupwork Groupwork Butler S Wintram Sage SAGE £10.95 , 0-8039-8210-0 [Formula: see text].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-11-27

    Feminist Groupworkis a very thought-provoking book, although the thoughts and speculations stimulated aren't necessarily those intended. I wish that Sandra Butler and Claire Wintram had sorted out their research results with their tabula rasa in tact. When describing the effects on the female psyche of oppression, imbalance of power and exploitation, they accept continually that these stresses are confined to females.

  10. Studi Deskriptif Servicescapes pada Comedy Kopi di Grand City Mall Surabaya Menurut Persepsi Konsumen

    OpenAIRE

    Angkawijaya, Bonifasius; Rahayu, Siti; Widjaja, Fitri Novika

    2013-01-01

    Globalisasi telah membuat Perubahan signifikan dalam kebudayaan manusia yang terlihat dari gaya hidup masyarakat yang menjadi serba santai, instan, dan canggih, yang salah satunya juga tampak dari Perubahan pola hidup masyarakat yang lebih sering menghabiskan waktu untuk makan di luar rumah. Dimana Perubahan pola hidup tersebut juga menyebabkan jumlah industri restoran semakin meningkat sehingga persaingan menjadi semakin ketat. Cita rasa dan harga saat ini juga bukan lagi menjadi penentu uta...

  11. Analisa Beban Kerja Operator Inspeksi Dengan Metode Nasa-tlx (Task Load Index) Di PT. Xyz the Workload Analysis of Operator Inspection Using Nasa-tlx (Task Load Index) in PT. Xyz

    OpenAIRE

    Afma, Vera Methalina

    2016-01-01

    Operator packing di PT. XYZ selalu melakukan kegiatan mengangkat dan menurunkan barang seberat 3 kg dan dilakukan 16 kali selama satu hari. Hal ini akan menimbulkan rasa lelah pada operator packing. Di PT. XYZ ada 3 orang operator packing yang melakukan aktivitas yang sama. Penulis tertarik untuk mengetahui dan menganalisa beban kerja operator packing di PT. XYZ dengan pendekatan NASA-TLX. Dari hasil penelitian disimpulkan, beban kerja masing-masing operator packing di PT. XYZ menggunakan me...

  12. Self Disclosure Mengenai Latar Belakang Keluarga Yang Broken Home Kepada Pasangannya

    OpenAIRE

    Agustina, Yessica

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk untuk mengetahui self disclosure seseorang mengenai latar belakang keluarga yang broken home kepada pasangannya.Self Disclosure dilihat berdasarkan beberapa aspek menurut DeVito yaitu informasi tentang (1) nilai – nilai, keyakinan dan keinginan (2) perilaku atau (3) karakteristik dan kualitas diri.Selain itu Selfdisclosure seringkali dilakukan karena berbagai alasan misalnya untuk melepaskan tekanan emosi yang dirasakan seseorang, kebutuhan untuk melepaskan rasa...

  13. Membongkar Makna Lilin dalam Iklan "Greeting AirAsia Belasungkawa" oleh Kompas Gramedia

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa, Mustafa

    2015-01-01

    Kecelakaan yang menimpa maskapai AirAsia dengan nomor penerbangan QZ 8501 dari Bandara Juanda Surabaya menuju Bandara Changi Singapura pada tanggal 28 Desember 2015 menimbulkan banyak reaksi simpati dari berbagai kalangan. Salah satu bentuk simpati muncul dari Perusahaan media yaitu Kompas Gramedia dengan membuat iklan berjudul "Greeting AirAsia Belasungkawa". Iklan ini dibuat oleh Kompas Gramedia sebagai bentuk rasa belasungkawa terhadap kecelakaan AirAsia QZ 8501. Dalam penelitian ini, pene...

  14. Senyawa Organik Dalam Air Minum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Soewasti Soesanto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Kadar zat   organik   yang berlebihan dalam  air  minum  tidak diperbolehkan karena selain menimbulkan warna, bau dan  rasa yang tidak  diinginkan, juga mungkin bersifat toksik baik secara langsung maupun setelah bersenyawa dengan zat lain yang ada.Zat organik yang ada dalam air minum dapat berasal dari alam atau sebagai dampak dari kegiatan manusia.

  15. Strategi Pengembangan Pemasaran Makanan Khas Bengkulu pada Sentra Oleh-oleh Anggut Kota Bengkulu: Aplikasi Ahp dan Swot

    OpenAIRE

    Hutagalung, Chresy Novralina; Nusril,; Prasetyo, Teguh Adi

    2012-01-01

    The aim for this research is to know the marketing development strategic of traditional meal in Centra traditional food Anggut Bengkulu City using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method dan SWOT analysis. The samples are Cita Rasa, Kueku Yovita and Arzel. To find the priority factor from each marketing mix used Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. This research showed that the priority factor from product mix is the hygiene product (0,1222). The priority factor from price mix is the ...

  16. Pengaruh Penambahan Gum Arab Terhadap Karakteristik Fisik, Kimia Dan Organoleptik Fruit and Vegetable Leather Dari Albedo Semangka (Citrullus Vulgaris Schard.) Dan Wortel (Daucus Carota)

    OpenAIRE

    Putri, Gita Novelia; Parnanto, Nur Her Riyadi; Nursiwi, Asri

    2016-01-01

    Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh konsentrasi gum arab (0; 0,3; 0,6; 0,9%) terbaik sebagai bahan pengikatterhadap karakteristik fisik (kekuatan gel), kimia (kadar abu, kadar air, total karoten, kadar serat pangan dan aktivitas air) sertasensori (warna, aroma, rasa, tekstur, dan overall) fruit and vegetable leather albedo semangka dan wortel. Rancangan penelitianyang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL). Dalam penelitian ini, faktor yang mempengaru...

  17. [W. Bion's contribution to the discussion on nature vs. nurture. Early development and psychosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spector, Ricardo

    2004-01-01

    This papers presents a Mother-baby model of interaction that generates the capacity to think, linked to emotional life. With this model is possible to shorten the distances between those who think that mental pathology is caused by constitutional factors and those who use the "tabula rasa" model and assume that the environment failures are the cause of the pathology. The relation between concreteness and abstraction is explored as the basis for the capacity to mental development.

  18. Potensi Pemberian Ekstrak Daun Sirih (Piper Betle L) sebagai Pengawet Alami Ikan Selar (Selaroides Leptolepis)

    OpenAIRE

    Mentari, Nona Lia

    2016-01-01

    Telah dilakukan penelitian “Potensi Ekstrak Daun Sirih (Piper betle) sebagai Pengawet Alami Ikan Selar (Selaroides leptolepis)” di Kecamatan Syiah Kuala sejak bulan September 2015 sampai Mei 2016. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh daun sirih terhadap pengawetan ikan selar, rasa, warna, tekstur dan bau. Desain penelitian ini adalah eksperimental dengan 7 perlakuan dan 3 kali ulangan. Konsentrasi ekstrak daun sirih divariasi mulai dari 10% ekstrak daun sirih (S10), 20% ekstrak ...

  19. Keadaan Oral Hygiene Dan Gingivitis Serta Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhinya Pada Anak SD Muhammadiyah 28 Kecamatan Medan Timur

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Syafri

    2008-01-01

    Gingivitis merupakan penyakit periodontal stadium awal berupa peradangan pada gingiva, termasuk penyakit paling umum yang sering ditemukan pada jaringan mulut. Gingivitis yang ringan umumnya tidak segera mendapatkan perhatian karena tidak menimbulkan rasa sakit atau gangguan fungsi, akan tetapi jika keadaan ini dibiarkan, gingivitis dapat menjadi bentuk yang destruktif. Prevalensi gingivitis dapat berkurang dengan bertambah baiknya status oral hygiene, pasok flour yang memadai, diet yang baik...

  20. POTENSI KEFIR SEBAGAI ANTIBAKTERI Propionibacterium acnes

    OpenAIRE

    ., Michael

    2015-01-01

    Jerawat merupakan suatu keadaan dimana pori-pori kulit tersumbat oleh kotoran dan adanya bakteri Propionibacterium acnes yang berkembang biak di daerah sumbatan tersebut. Di Indonesia, masyarakat mulai melirik suatu produk minuman yang dipercaya secara empiris dapat mengatasi masalah jerawat, yaitu produk minuman fermentasi kefir. Kefir merupakan produk fermentasi yang memiliki cita rasa asam dan sedikit beralkohol. Kefir dapat difermentasi dengan air maupun dengan susu. Kan...

  1. Yakitori

    OpenAIRE

    Ginting, Gebby Gibanina

    2016-01-01

    132203036 Masakan Jepang telah dikenal di seluruh dunia karena rasa dan penampilannya yang berbeda dengan masakan dari negara lain. Masakan Jepang yang terkenal, seperti: yakitori, okonomiyaki, mie ramen, teriyaki, takoyaki, dorayaki, onigiri, sushi, mochi, dango, sashimi, dan lain-lain.Yakitori adalah Masakan dari daging sate ayam yang ditusuk dengan tusuk sate, kemudian dinikmati dengan bumbu dasar kecap asin dengan tambahan saus manis pedas, atau dengan bumbu garam sederhana saja, bagia...

  2. Meediakunstnike workshop polaarjoonel / Raivo Kelomees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-

    1998-01-01

    Rovaniemi ülikooli ning Tornio kunsti- ja meediakolledzhi juures juulis 1998 peetud 2. rahvusvahelisest meediakunsti workshopist "Polar Circuit 2". Eestist osalesid Raivo Kelomees, Tiia Johannson. Tornio kunsti- ja meediakolledzhist. Külastatud workshopidest (juhendajad Steve Bradley, Owen Kelly, Christine Stevart, Rasa Smite ja Raitis Smits). Õppetöö tase Eesti Kunstiakadeemias jätab soovida. Ilmunud ka kogumikus "Ekraan kui membraan". Tartu, 2007, lk. 46-48

  3. Penggunaan Disfemia Pada Judul Berita Nasional Di TV One Dengan Pawartos Ngayogyakarta Di Jogja TV

    OpenAIRE

    Budiawan, R. Yusuf Sidiq

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian mengenai penggunaan disfemia ini bertujuan untuk 1) mendeskripsikan bentuk-bentuk disfemia yang digunakan pada judul berita berbahasa Indonesia di TV One dan berbahasa Jawa di Jogja TV, 2) mendeskripsikan nilai rasa dalam disfemia, 3) mendeskripsikan topik-topik berita yang memunculkan disfemia, dan 4) karakteristik kebahasaannya. Penelitian ini merupakan sebuah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik catat (Mastoyo, 2007:44-46) dan teknik samplin...

  4. DISFEMIA DALAM BERITA UTAMA SURAT KABAR POS KOTA DAN RADAR BOGOR

    OpenAIRE

    Pratiwi, Kania; Ridwan, Sakura; Rahmawati, Aulia

    2016-01-01

    Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan memahami secara mendalam penggunaan bentuk dan nilai rasa disfemia pada berita utama surat kabar Pos Kota dan Radar Bogor. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif dengan teknik analisis isi. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh dari surat kabar Pos Kota dan Radar Bogor ditemukan 245 data. Sebanyak 155 data atau 63,26% ditemukan pada surat kabar Pos Kota dan 90 data atau 36,73% ditemukan pada surat kabar Radar Bogor. Disfemia ...

  5. PENGGUNAAN DISFEMIA PADA JUDUL BERITA NASIONAL DI TV ONE DENGAN PAWARTOS NGAYOGYAKARTA DI JOGJA TV

    OpenAIRE

    R. Yusuf Sidiq Budiawan

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian mengenai penggunaan disfemia ini bertujuan untuk 1) mendeskripsikan bentuk-bentuk disfemia yang digunakan pada judul berita berbahasa Indonesia di TV One dan berbahasa Jawa di Jogja TV, 2) mendeskripsikan nilai rasa dalam disfemia, 3) mendeskripsikan topik-topik berita yang memunculkan disfemia, dan 4) karakteristik kebahasaannya. Penelitian ini merupakan sebuah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik catat (Mastoyo, 2007:44-46) dan teknik samplin...

  6. Efektivitas Penambahan Karbon Aktif Cangkang Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis Guineensis dalam Proses Filtrasi Air Sumur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Fadhillah

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Dampak dari pencemaran air dapat menyebabkan terjadinya ketidakseimbangan ekosistem dan dapat sebagai pembawa penyakit menular. Oleh karena itu perlu dilakukan penjernihan terhadap air sebelum digunakan untuk meningkatkan kualitas air.  Salah satu  yang dapat digunakan untuk penjernihan air adalah arang aktif cangkang kelapa sawit (Elaeis guineensis. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah: Untuk mengetahui efektifitas penambahan arang aktif cangkang kelapa sawit  dalam proses  filtrasi terhadap karakter fisik (kekeruhan, Ph, bau dan rasa air sumur. Penelitian ini bersifat eksperimen dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL. Filtrasi air sumur dilakukan dengan 4 perlakuan  dan 3 kali ulangan yaitu: 1. tanpa melewati saringan pasir (kontrol, 2. melewati saringan pasir tanpa arang aktif cangkang kelapa sawit, 3. melewati saringan pasir dengan penambahan arang aktif cangkang kelapa sawit  dengan ketebalan 10 cm, dan 4. ketebalan 15 cm. One way ANOVA digunakan dalam analisis data. Analisa kekeruhan adalah 100,0; 50,5; 40,4; dan 47,5 berturut-turut untuk kontrol, tanpa arang aktif, dengan arang aktif 10 cm dan dengan arang aktif 15 cm. Hasil uji menunjukkan perbedaan yang bermakna antara kekeruhan air kontrol dengan kekeruhan dari perlakuan lainnya. pH air < 7 menjadi 8,99. Analisa bau dan rasa didapatkan  air yang melewati proses filtrasi dengan penambahan arang aktif menghilangkan bau dan rasa pada air tersebut. Penambahan arang aktif cangkang kelapa sawit dengan ketebalan 10 cm cukup efektif dalam proses filtrasi air sumur dan dapat memperbaiki kualitas fisik air.

  7. Introduction to 'Rasashaastra' the Iatrochemistry of Ayurveda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savrikar, S S; Ravishankar, B

    2011-01-01

    The word Rasashaastra literally means the "Science of Mercury". It is a specialized branch of Ayurveda dealing mainly with materials which are known as 'Rasa dravyaas'. The products dealt under this discipline are an important component of Ayurvedic therapeutics. Considering the importance of this discipline in Ayurvedic therapeutics and the fact that there is dearth of comprehensive review on the subject an attempt has been made in this review to provide a brief but all encompassing coverage of different aspects related to it. The subjects covered in the review are: historical background of the evolvement of Rasashaastra as a specialized branch during different time periods; different aspects of classification 'Rasa dravyaas'; processing of metal and mineral products with a note on the methods used during different time periods; information about methods of pre and post preparation procedures for different kinds of 'Rasa dravyaas'; importance of mercury in Ayurveda, its processing methods and different preparations along with therapeutic indications. In addition attempt has been made to provide basic information on the metal and mineral based preparations mentioned in Ayurvedic Formulary of India; recent development in the field of Rasashaastra and future requirements for the proper development of the discipline. The main focus is to familiarize the readers, from non-ayurvedic background, on different aspects of this specialized discipline.

  8. Gambaran Keharmonisan Commuter Family Pada Anggota Brigade Mobile Kepolisian Daerah Sumatera Utara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marhisar Simatupang

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran keharmonisan commuter family pada anggota BRIMOB, untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang menyebabkan terjadinya keharmonisan commuter family, dan untuk mengetahui strategi dan tahapan pada keluarga commuter family. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada keluarga anggota BRIMOB di Medan. Waktu penelitian dilaksanakan pada Desember 2016 sampai Maret 2017. Teknik pengambil sampel menggunakan teknik snowball sampling. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 2 keluarga anggota BRIMOB yang mengalami penikahan commuter family karena mendapatkan bawah kendali operas (BKO.  Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu metode penelitian kualitatif pendekatan deskriptif. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis pada tingkat awal, pada saat pengumpulan data dan setelah selesai pengumpulan data. Hasil dari penelitian ini yaitu kedua keluarga mengaku pertama kali berjauhan dengan keluarga timbul rasa kesepian dan kesedihan. Selain itu istri harus mampu menjalani dua peran sekaligus bagi anak-anaknya yaitu sebagai ayah dan ibu, saat suami melaksanakan tugas. Rasa jenuh dan takut sering dirasakan oleh kedua keluarga. Pada tahap awal mengalami commuter family, kedua keluarga mengaku mengalami ketidak percayaan pada pasangan sehingga menimbulkan masalah dalam keluarga. Masalah yang ada diselesaikan melalui dialog keluarga yang baik. Mendekatkan diri kepada Tuhan menjadi salah satu faktor mempertahankan keharmonisan keluarga. Kunci utama menjaga keharmonisan pada kedua keluarga ini, sehingga tetap bertahan adalah dengan selalu berkomunikasi, saling pengertian, kerja sama, dan membangun rasa kasih sayang. Tidak melakukan hal-hal di luar batas, dan memegang komitmen pernikahan.

  9. PENGEMBANGAN PEMASARAN REZA BAKERY DAN KUALITAS LAYANAN DALAM MENINGKATKAN MINAT BELI KONSUMEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendy Yuliansyah

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract  - Bread is one of the food products are favored by the people. One of the pastry shop, calling themselves by reza bakery. Having high potential of selling in distinctive taste and packaging, bakery of bread reza be the target of the buyers in the city of Bandung, especially in Margahayu. With the potential that exists, then reza bakery bread can develop into a great product. Through a qualitative descriptive study, the development of marketing that can be done by reza bakery packaging including through distinctive, attention to have clean, variety of their product, and also the quality of the taste of reza bakery.   Keyword : Strategic Development, Brand, Packaging, Taste.   Abstrak - Roti merupakan salah satu produk makanan yang digemari oleh masyarakat. Salah satu toko kue, menamakan dirinya dengan reza bakery. Dengan berbekal rasa dan kemasan yang khas, roti reza bakery menjadi incaran para pembeli di wilayah margahayu kota Bandung. Dengan potensi yang ada, maka reza bakery dapat berkembang menjadi produk roti yang besar. Melalui penelitian deskriptif kualitatif, maka pengembangan pemasaran yang dapat dilakukan oleh reza bakery diantaranya melalui kemasan yang khas, dengan memperhatikan kebersihan, kualitas produk rotinya, waktu pelayanan, harga yang tetap terjangkau, ragam produk, serta rasa yang selalu terjaga.    Kata Kunci : Strategi Pengembangan Pemasaran, Merek, Kemasan, Rasa.

  10. Influência da hidrocinesioterapia no equilíbrio postural de idosas institucionalizadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estele Caroline Welter Meereis

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência de um programa de hidrocinesioterapia em piscina rasa no equilíbrio postural de idosas institucionalizadas. Participaram do estudo 8 idosas institucionalizadas com média de idade de 62,95 ± 2,87 anos. O equilíbrio postural foi avaliado por meio de uma plataforma de força. Foram realizadas 3 tentativas em cada condição do teste de organização sensorial (TOS previamente e posteriormente a intervenção de hidrocinesioterapia em piscina rasa. As variáveis analisadas foram: amplitude de deslocamento do centro de pressão (COP na direção ântero-posterior, médio-lateral e velocidade de deslocamento do COP. Foi aplicado o teste Wilcoxon para a comparação entre as avaliações pré e pós a intervenção. Foi observada uma melhora no controle postural após a intervenção, visto que ocorreu diminuição do deslocamento do centro de pressão, principalmente na direção ântero-posterior. Para o grupo de idosas institucionalizadas participantes deste estudo, a hidrocinesioterapia realizada em piscina rasa foi capaz de melhorar o equilíbrio postural.

  11. Quality assurance program plan for the Radiological Survey Activities Program - Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramos, S.J.; Berven, B.A.; Little, C.A.

    1986-01-01

    The Radiological Survey Activities (RASA) program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is responsible for surveying designated sites in the vicinity of 24 inactive mill sites involved in the Department of Energy's (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRAP). The purpose of these surveys is to provide a recommendation to DOE whether to include or exclude the site from UMTRAP based on whether the onsite residual radioactive material (if any) originated from the former mill sites, and radiation levels onsite are in excess of appropriate Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) criteria. This report describes the quality assurance program plan for the RASA program in conducting all activities related to the UMTRA project. All quality assurance provisions given by the DOE, DOE/UMTRA, and ORNL organizations are integrated into this plan. Specifically, this report identifies the policies and procedures followed in accomplishing the RASA/UMTRAP QA program, identifies those organizational units involved in the implementation of these procedures, and outlines the respective responsibilities of those groups

  12. Quality assurance program plan for the radiological survey activities program: Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramos, S.J.; Berven, B.A.; Little, C.A.

    1986-08-01

    The Radiological Survey Activities (RASA) program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is responsible for surveying designated sites in the vicinity of 24 inactive mill sites involved in the Department of Energy's (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRAP). The purpose of these surveys is to provide a recommendation to DOE whether to include or exclude the site from UMTRAP based on whether the onsite residual radioactive material (if any) originated from the former mill sites, and radiation levels onsite are in excess of appropriate Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) criteria. This report describes the quality assurance program plan for the RASA program in conducting all activities related to the UMTRA project. All quality assurance provisions given by the DOE, DOE/UMTRA, and ORNL organizations are integrated into this plan. Specifically, this report identifies the policies and procedures followed in accomplishing the RASA/UMTRAP QA program, identifies those organizational units involved in the implementation of these procedures, and outlines the respective responsibilities of those groups

  13. PENGGUNAAN DISFEMIA PADA JUDUL BERITA NASIONAL DI TV ONE DENGAN PAWARTOS NGAYOGYAKARTA DI JOGJA TV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Yusuf Sidiq Budiawan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian mengenai penggunaan disfemia ini bertujuan untuk 1 mendeskripsikan bentuk-bentuk disfemia yang digunakan pada judul berita berbahasa Indonesia di TV One dan berbahasa Jawa di Jogja TV, 2 mendeskripsikan nilai rasa dalam disfemia, 3 mendeskripsikan topik-topik berita yang memunculkan disfemia, dan 4 karakteristik kebahasaannya. Penelitian ini merupakan sebuah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik catat (Mastoyo, 2007:44-46 dan teknik sampling berdasarkan tujuan (purposive sampling. Teknik ini akan mencatat hasil penyimakan semua data, yaitu juduljudul berita yang memiliki potensi disfemia pada berita nasional di TV One dan berita Pawartos Ngayogyakarta di Jogja TV. Analisis data dilakukan dengan teknik triangulasi (Elliott, 1991:82 melalui tiga perspektif. Data penelitian ini disajikan dengan metode formal dan informal. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa 1 Penggunaan disfemia hanya berada pada tataran kata saja, 2 nilai rasa pada judul berita di TV One dapat diklasifkasikan menjadi 5 jenis, sedangkan nilai rasa pada judul berita di Jogja TV dapat diklasifkasikan menjadi 2 jenis saja, 3 disfemia di TV One muncul dalam 5 topik berita, sedangkan dalam berita di Jogja TV ditemukan pada 3 macam topik, 4 penggunaan disfemia pada berita di TV One lebih banyak, lebih ditonjolkan, dan “menyerang” langsung obyek yang diberitakannya, sedangkan bentuk disfemia pada berita di Jogja TV tidak.

  14. Larger Optics and Improved Calibration Techniques for Small Satellite Observations with the ERAU OSCOM System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilardi, S.; Barjatya, A.; Gasdia, F.

    OSCOM, Optical tracking and Spectral characterization of CubeSats for Operational Missions, is a system capable of providing time-resolved satellite photometry using commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware and custom tracking and analysis software. This system has acquired photometry of objects as small as CubeSats using a Celestron 11” RASA and an inexpensive CMOS machine vision camera. For satellites with known shapes, these light curves can be used to verify a satellite’s attitude and the state of its deployed solar panels or antennae. While the OSCOM system can successfully track satellites and produce light curves, there is ongoing improvement towards increasing its automation while supporting additional mounts and telescopes. A newly acquired Celestron 14” Edge HD can be used with a Starizona Hyperstar to increase the SNR for small objects as well as extend beyond the limiting magnitude of the 11” RASA. OSCOM currently corrects instrumental brightness measurements for satellite range and observatory site average atmospheric extinction, but calibrated absolute brightness is required to determine information about satellites other than their spin rate, such as surface albedo. A calibration method that automatically detects and identifies background stars can use their catalog magnitudes to calibrate the brightness of the satellite in the image. We present a photometric light curve from both the 14” Edge HD and 11” RASA optical systems as well as plans for a calibration method that will perform background star photometry to efficiently determine calibrated satellite brightness in each frame.

  15. Media components and amino acid supplements influencing the production of fruity aroma by Geotrichum candidum Influência da composição do meio de cultivo e da suplementação com aminoácidos na produção de aroma frutal por Geotrichum candidum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Pinotti

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The ability of Geotrichum candidum to produce fruity aroma in food grade sucrose, molasses, corn steep liquor and peptone based culture media was tested by sensory evaluation and analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. A strong and sweet fruity aroma was produced from molasses, with peptone or corn steep liquor stimulating aroma production. Molasses with peptone supplemented with leucine, valine, or alanine yielded better fruity aroma production and the presence of many esters was consistent with the fruity aroma production.Geotrichum candidum foi cultivado em diversos meios de cultura contendo sacarose ou melaço e milhocina ou peptona e a produção de aroma frutal foi verificada através de avaliação sensorial e cromatografia gasosa acoplada a espectrometria de massas. Os meios contendo melaço, peptona e leucina, valina ou alanina apresentaram os melhores resultados e a presença de diversos ésteres foi consistente com a formação de aroma frutal.

  16. Bacillus amyloliquefaciens COMO POTENCIAL BIOCONSERVANTE DE ALIMENTOS: DETERMINAÇÃO DO PERFIL DE PROTEÍNAS E AMINOGRAMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. SCHULZ

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Avaliou-se o perfil de proteínas em gel de poliacrilamida e o aminograma do extrato bruto de Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. O extrato bruto de Bacillus amyloliquefaciens foi obtido por precipitação, centrifugação, diálise e esterilização por filtração. Como microrganismo indicador foi utilizado Listeria monocytogenes NCTC 098630 a 105 UFC/mL. Na determinação da composição global de aminoácidos em eletroforese SDS (10%/PAGE (7,5 a 20% foram constatadas seis bandas com pesos moleculares aparentes de: 14,8; 20; 29; 30; 34 e 56,2 kDa e composto principalmente de aminoácidos hidrofóbicos (não polares, incluindo a prolina (446,77 ppm, leucina (11,03 ppm, valina (6,27 ppm, isoleucina (4,59 ppm, alanina (2,91 ppm e glicina (1,87 ppm. Os resultados obtidos sugerem que o extrato bruto de Bacillus amyloliquefaciens é composto principalmente de proteases e outras enzimas bacteriolíticas.

  17. Composição química de grãos de feijao-guandu cultivar kaki Chemical composition of pigeon pea seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Feijão Teixeira

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisadas sementes de tegumento creme e alaranjado de feijão-guandu (Cajanus cajan (L. Milisp., oriundas do cultivar Kaki, quanto aos teores de proteína, extrato etéreo, açúcares solúveis e polissacarídeos. Os dois tipos de sementes apresentaram composição química similar. Os teores médios encontrados foram: proteína 23,11%, extrato etéreo 1,34%, açúcar solúvel 9,46% e polissacarídeos 16,77%. A fração protéica apresentou baixos níveis de aminoácidos sulfurados, isoleucina, valina e treonina.Pigeon pea seeds, cv' Kaki either with light-yellow or orange testa pigments were analysed for protein, ether extract, total sugar and polysaccharides. Similar results were obtained for the two types of seeds. On the average the seeds had the following contents: protein - 23.11%; ether extract - 1.34%; total sugar - 9.46%; polysaccharides - 16.77%. The protein fraction had low levels of sulfured aminoacids, isoleucine, valine and threonine.

  18. Amphoteric surfactants containing ?-hydroxy ester group and an amino acid residue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eissa, A. M. F.

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available A series of amphoteric surfactants containing α-hydroxy ester group and an amino acid residue were prepared with the addition of epoxy derivatives (which were prepared from epoxidation of alkyl methacrylate to different types of amino acids (glycine, alanine, valine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, serine, threonine, aspartic and anthranilic acid.The structures of the prepared compounds were confirmed by infrared spectra, proton magnetic resonance spectra, Mass spectra and elementary analysis. Surface tension, Kraft point, foaming power, critical micelle concentration emulsion and Ca++ stabilities were determined. Antimicrobial activity and biodegradability were also screened.Se prepararon una serie de tensioactivos anfóteros conteniendo un grupo alfa hidroxi éster y un residuo de aminoácido por adición de derivados epoxy (obtenidos mediante epoxidación de metacrilato de alquilo a diferentes tipos de aminoácidos (glicina, alanina, valina, isoleucina, fenilalanina, tirosina, serina, treonina y ácidos aspártico y antranílico. Las estructuras de los compuestos preparados se confirmaron por los espectros de infrarrojo, de masa, resonancia magnética nuclear de protones y análisis elemental. Se determinaron la tensión superficial, el punto de Kraft, el poder espumante, la concentración micelar crítica en emulsión y las estabilidades de Ca++. También se estudiaron la actividad antimicrobiana y la biodegradabilidad.

  19. Enfermedad de la orina con olor a jarabe de Arce (MSUD y aciduria metilmalónica. Presentación neonatal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Bermúdez

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available La identificación de un error innato del metabolismo (EIM en el recién nacido requiere de unarápida sospecha clínica por parte del pediatra y posterior puesta en marcha de una adecuada metodología diagnóstica. Entre estas urgencias neonatales se deben considerar la producida porla enfermedad de orina con olor a jarabe de arce y la aciduria metilmalónica. Estos (EIM se debena deficiencias en las enzimas o coenzimas que intervienen en el catabolismo de los aminoácidos:La MSUD es el resultado de la deficiencia en el catabolismo de los aminoácidos de cadenaramificada leucina isoleucina, valina y se produce un aumento de estos a.a. y de sus cetácidos ensangre y en orina. En la aciduria metilmalónica se altera el catabolismo de la isoleucina, valinametionina treonina, colesterol y se produce acumulación del ácido metilmalónico.

  20. THE AESTHETICS, RELIGIOSITY, AND RESPONSE OF THE READERS OF GEGURITAN SUCITA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Wayan Suka Yasa

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The object of this research is the text of Geguritan Sucita having total versesof 1,877. The problem observed is that the structure, esthetic rule applied andsource of text transformation into GS as religion literature. The main objective ofthis research is to answer the three problems concerned. In addition, it has theobjective to preserve and develop geguritan literature. The benefit can be as oneof sources of knowledge in literary science, especially concerning geguritanliterature; as the consideration in making policy related to religion and Balineseculture; and also as reading material, especially for readers of geguritan literature.The theory applied in reviewing the three problems is structural, semiotic,intertext, rasa (mode and literature reception. The data source obtained byconducting literature study, observation and interview. The data is the analyzedfrom literature and religion point of view. The research novelties are as follows :GS is gita puja of Ida Ketut Jlantik (1905-1961 which is offered to GodAlmighty. As worshipped song, GS is sekar. The materials are quoted fromclassical works of prior Hindu which is then arranged in accordance with idealismof writers kawi-wiku by considering rule of k?vya.GS is established using Balinese language Kepara enriched withvocabularies of Old Javanese so it has Hindu esthetic. Formal structure of GS isestablished according to geguritan : padalingsa matrix. The text consists of 1,877rhythm, 11 rhyme and 57 melodies. Sinom rhythm as the idol one to lead otherrhythm in order to s?nta rasa. Verses of GS can be grouped into two parts: 4rhythm manggala and 1,873 narrative rhythm. Totally, formal structure of GSfulfills alamkara principle. the text has melody and euphony religious melody.Narrative structure GS is established following norm of tattwa purarbh?wa‘reborn cycle’, in addition it is the leader of rhythm as well as function as epilog.In term of contemplative reading level bhakti yoga

  1. Pengaruh Substitusi Tepung Tapioka dengan Beberapa Jenis Tepung Terhadap Mutu Makanan Mpek-Mpek Palembang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inda Three Anova

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Mpek-mpek is a kind of food which is made of flour batter and fish meat. The presentation of mpek-mpek is mixed with a sauce or vinegar sauce. Nutrition of mpek-mpek are rich of protein, carbohydrates and fiber and has a high taste. The mpek-mpek obtained further was tested the water content, protein content, fat, ash, and the preferences panel of the color, aroma, flavor and texture. The results showed that the product mpek-mpek on the use of a variation of tapioca flour 90% and wheat flour 10% was preferred of organoleptic color, flavor, aroma and texture with 59.27% water content, 14.74% protein, 11.89% fat, and 0.65% ash and still fulfilled the standard according to SNI 01-3819-1995 for a kind of food fish meatballs.ABSTRAKMpek-mpek adalah sejenis makanan ringan yang terbuat dari adonan tepung dan daging ikan. Penyajiannya dicampur dengan saus atau lazimnya disebut kuah cuka. Secara nutrisi mpek-mpek sangat kaya protein, cukup karbohidrat dan serat serta punya cita rasa yang tinggi. Mpek-mpek yang didapatkan selanjutnya diuji kadar air, kadar protein, lemak, abu dan tingkat kesukaan panelis terhadap warna, aroma, rasa dan tekstur. Penelitian yang telah dilakukan meliputi substitusi pemakaian tepung tapioka dengan tepung terigu, tepung maizena, dan tepung beras. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produk mpek-mpek pada variasi pemakaian tapioka 90% dan terigu 10% disukai dari organoleptik warna, rasa, aroma dan tekstur dengan kadar air 59,27%, protein 14,74%, lemak 11,89%, dan abu 0,65 % serta memenuhi standar untuk makanan sejenis bakso Ikan sesuai SNI 01-3819-1995.

  2. Application of computers in a radiological survey program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Berven, B.A.; Blair, M.S.; Doane, R.W.; Little, C.A.; Perdue, P.T.

    1984-01-01

    Computers have become increasingly important in data analysis and data management as well as assisting in report preparation in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Radiological Survey Activities (RASA) Program. The primary function of the RASA program is to collect, analyze, report, and manage data collected to characterize the radiological condition of potentially contaminated sites identified in the Department of Energy's (DOE) remedial action programs. Three different computer systems are routinely utilized in ORNL/RASA operations. Two of these systems are employed in specific functions. A Nuclear Data (ND) 682 is used to perform isotopic analysis of gamma spectroscopic data generated by high-purity germanium detectors for air, water and soil samples. The ND682 employs a 16,000-channel analyzer that is routinely used with four germanium spectrometers. Word processing and data management are accomplished using the INtext system implemented on a DEC PDP-11 computer. A group of personal computers are used to perform a diverse number of functions. These computer systems are Commodore Business Machines (CBM) Model 8032 with a dual floppy disk storage medium and line printers (with optional X-Y plotters). The CBM's are utilized for: (1) data analysis -- raw data from radiation detection instrumentation are stored and manipulated with customized computer programs; (2) data reduction -- raw data are converted into report-ready tables using customized programs; (3) data management -- radionuclide data on each air, water and soil sample are stored on diskettes along with location of archived samples; and (4) program management -- site surveys and report status are tracked by computer files as well as program budget information to provide contemporary information of program status

  3. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI MINAT BELI PANGAN ORGANIK MELALUI SITUS ONLINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasrini Sari

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed to explore the factors that can increase the intention to buy and their implications in the design of marketing sites. Theoretical background used in the study is mainly adopted from the Technology Acceptance Model. Five variables are included in this research including Online Buying Intention, Ease of Use, Perceived Usefulness, Trust and Information on the Site. Data of 426 respondents were collected and analyzed using statistical methods of structural equation modeling to test the research model. The results show that the Information on the Site significantly influences Trust, and Perceived Usefulness and Trust significantly influence Online Buying Intention. Ease of Use does not significantly influence Online Buying Intention. The results of this study later become the basis for designing the information presented on a site of organic processed foods in a form of recommendations on information that should be presented on its website.Keywords:  technology acceptance model, online marketing, websites, organic products, structural equation modellingAbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan menggali faktor-faktor yang dapat meningkatkan minat beli dari pengunjung situs, serta implikasinya dalam perancangan situs pemasaran, Model utama mengadopsi Technology Acceptance Model. Empat variabel digunakan dalam penelitian ini, yaitu kemudahan penggunaan, persepsi terhadap kegunaan, rasa percaya dan informasi pada situs. Data untuk menguji model penelitian dikumpulkan dari 426 responden, dan dianalisis menggunakan metode statistik structural equation modelling. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa informasi pada situs berpengaruh signifikan terhadap rasa percaya. Persepsi terhadap kegunaan dan rasa percaya berpengaruh signifikan terhadap minat beli online. Kemudahan penggunaan tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap minat beli online. Hasil penelitian ini kemudian menjadi dasar dalam merancang informasi yang disajikan pada sebuah situs makanan olahan

  4. Doa daLam Tradisi Islam Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Wahab Rosyidi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Doa etymologically means request something to God in certain ways. while some ulama define doa is a self statement presence to Allah the Almighty about our weakness, shortages, inabilities, and disgraces, then we ask Allah the Almighty in order the weaknesses, shortages, inabilities, and humiliations are removed and replaced with the strengths, capabilities and a high degree both in human sight and in Allah sight. In the theory needs said, that basically human beings need to feel safe (safety need, and the safety need leads to the two forms, namely: safety needs of life and safety needs of the property. Safety needs emerged as the most important requirement if psychology needs have been fullfilled. this behavior as reflected in the lives of Javanese who always do doa  in the form of slametan ceremony. Slametan aims to achieve slamet (safety, namely a condition in which the events will move smoothly to follow a predetermined path and will not happen misfortunes to just anyone.   Doa Secara etimologi artinya memohon sesuatu kepada Allah SWT dengan cara- cara tertentu. Sedangkan beberapa ulama mendefinisikan doa berarti pernyataan diri ke hadirat Allah SWT tentang kelemahan, kekurangan, ketidakmampuan serta kehinaan kita, kemudian kita memohon sesuatu kepada Allah SWT agar kelemahan, kekurangan, ketidakmampuan serta kehinaan ini diangkat dan digantikan dengan kelebihan, kemampuan serta derajat yang tinggi baik di sisi manusia maupun di sisi-Nya. Dalam teori kebutuhan dikatakan; bahwa pada dasarnya manusia membutuhkan rasa aman (safety need, dan rasa aman itu mengarah pada dua bentuk yakni kebutuhan keamanan jiwa dan keamanan harta. Kebutuhan rasa aman muncul sebagai kebutuhan yang paling penting kalau kebutuhan psikologis telah terpenuhi. Hal tersebut sebagaimana tercermin dalam perilaku hidup orang Jawa yang selalu melakukan Doa dalam bentuk upacara slametan. Slametan bertujuan untuk mencapai keadaan slamet, yaitu suatu keadaan dimana peristiwa

  5. ALGUNAS REFLEXIONES PSICOLOGÍA DE LA CULTURA: EL PECADO

    OpenAIRE

    López González, Julián Mauricio

    2015-01-01

    La palabra “religión” con su antagónico “pecado” pareciese irse desdibujando del vocabulario de los estudiantes de psicología a pasos agigantados. Al señalar que la cultura es parte del contenido que se escribe en la tabula rasa, no se puede dejar de lado la realidad mística, mitológica, religiosa o como la quieran llamar, ya que al hacernos en un ambiente latinoamericano, presupone que somos seres complejos llenos de signos, símbolos y rituales que el futuro psicólogo debe conocer ya, que en...

  6. How to Throw a Bird?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zakaria, Anne Lassen; Bruun, Charlotte

    been left behind in global economic development, it is important to recognise that interventions, such as within tourism, cannot start on a tabula rasa. Hence, in this paper we argue that geographical locations are living systems where different stakeholders, formal and informal institutions......, environment with its wildlife, etc., all interact and influence interventions and outcomes. In metaphorical terms developing locations through tourism is like attempting to make a bird fly in a desired direction: One can never predict completely the direction in which it will fly. On the contrary throwing...

  7. ANALISIS RESPON KONSUMEN TERHADAP FAKTOR-FAKTOR MARKETING MIX DALAM PEMBELIAN PRODUKLUWAK WHITE KOFFIE DI PASAR SWALAYAN KOTA SURAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yesi Krista Karnasih

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKPenelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor marketing mix dan variabel-variabel yang dominan dipertimbangkan konsumen dalam membeli produk Luwak White Koffie instan di pasar swalayan Kota Surakarta serta posisi produk Luwak White Koffie terhadap produk pesaing. Metode dasar dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif analitik dengan teknik survei. Penentuan lokasi penelitian dilakukan secara purposive. Metode pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah  judgment sampling. Metode analisis data yang digunakan antara lain analisis faktor dan perceptual map. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan data sekunder. Hasil analisis faktor menunjukkan bahwa ada 4 faktor yang menjadi pertimbangan konsumen dalam memutuskan pembelian luwak white koffie yaitu faktor produk, faktor aroma dan rasa, faktor tempat, dan faktor promosi. Variabel-variabel yang dominan dipertimbangkan konsumen adalah variabel merek pada faktor produk, variabel rasa pada faktor aroma dan rasa, variabel penataan di swalayan pada faktor tempat dan variabel tampilan iklan pada faktor promosi. Posisi produk Luwak White Koffie instan dibandingkan dengan produk pesaing melalui perceptual map menempati posisi unggul untuk atribut merek, rasa, kecepatan alir, isi pesan iklan, dan tampilan iklan. ABSTRACTThis research aims to determine the marketing mix factors and dominant variables which considered by consumers into buying  instant Luwak White Koffie at supermarket in Surakarta City and Luwak White Koffie product position against competitor products. The basic method in this study was analytical descriptive with survey techniques. Location research determined purposively. The sampling method used was judgment sampling. Data analysis methods used include factor analysis and perceptual map. The data used is primary data and secondary data. The results of factor analysis showed that there are four factors that are considered by consumers to buy products Luwak White Koffie instant

  8. NUTRIENTS DYNIMIC IN AN AQUAPONIC RECIRCULATING SYSTEM FOR STURGEON AND LETTUCE (LACTUCA SATIVA PRODUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LORENA SFETCU

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Aquaponics are modern production systems, which integrate the aquaculture technology with hydroponic systems (vegetable production without soil with a goal of fructification of residual nutrients resulted from metabolic activity of fish biomass as high quality vegetable biomass sealable as ecological products. In the present study, as a first step in aquaponic recirculating systems evaluation, the authors aim to compare two types of recirculating systems: classical (hereby noted with RAS and integrated/aquaponic (RAS_A regarding water quality parameters generally, and TAN (total ammonia nitrogen production and transformation, particularly.

  9. Balanceo de un sistema de cosecha mecanizado utilizando simulación de eventos discretos.

    OpenAIRE

    Pablo Aracena; Darío Aedo; Ricardo Landeros

    2010-01-01

    Se analizó un sistema de cosecha mecanizado, operando en una faena a tala rasa de pino radiata y conformado por un feller buncher, un skidder con garra, un procesador y un trineumático. Un Modelo de Simulación de Eventos Discretos (MSED) fue desarrollado con el propósito de balancear el sistema. El proceso mecanizado de madera fue el limitante del sistema de acuerdo con los resultados del estudio de tiempos, entonces este proceso fue apoyado agregando a 3 operadores de motosierra para alcanza...

  10. El viaje y el arquitecto

    OpenAIRE

    Baladrón, Alfredo

    2014-01-01

    A lo largo de la historia, la formación del arquitecto ha venido acompañada por el viaje. El “grand tour” completaba, inicialmente, los conocimientos de historia y composición, pero servía, a su vez, como una fuente de experiencias que acompañarían al arquitecto a lo largo de su vida y obra. El hecho mismo de viajar supone una deslocalización, una tabula rasa en la que los sentidos se despiertan y agudizan, haciendo del sujeto una caja de resonancia sensible que permite una profunda asimilaci...

  11. Efficacy of rasagiline and selegiline in Parkinson?s disease: a head-to-head 3-year retrospective case?control study

    OpenAIRE

    Cereda, Emanuele; Cilia, Roberto; Canesi, Margherita; Tesei, Silvana; Mariani, Claudio Bruno; Zecchinelli, Anna Lena; Pezzoli, Gianni

    2017-01-01

    Monoamine oxidase type B (MAO-B) inhibitors, such as selegiline and rasagiline, can be used as monotherapy or adjuvant therapy to levodopa in Parkinson?s disease (PD). Data on long-term efficacy of MAO-B inhibitors are limited with no head-to-head comparison available to date. The aim of this case?control retrospective study was to analyze data from patients with PD attending the Parkinson Institute (Milan, Italy) over a 6-year period (2009?2015) and compare the effects of selegiline and rasa...

  12. Distribuição espacial e estrutura das comunidades de antozoários (cnidaria: anthozoa) em substratos consolidados no litoral de Santa Catarina, Sul do Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Faria Júnior, Edson

    2014-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Florianópolis, 2014 Um padrão recorrente em comunidades bentônicas marinhas de água rasa é a transição entre comunidades com cnidários zooxantelados por outras dominadas por algas com o aumento da latitude. Pesquisas frequentemente usam fatores ambientais para explicar limites de distribuição e uso de habitat de espécies marinhas, entre eles a temperatura d...

  13. Chromatin in embryonic stem cell neuronal differentiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meshorer, E

    2007-03-01

    Chromatin, the basic regulatory unit of the eukaryotic genetic material, is controlled by epigenetic mechanisms including histone modifications, histone variants, DNA methylation and chromatin remodeling. Cellular differentiation involves large changes in gene expression concomitant with alterations in genome organization and chromatin structure. Such changes are particularly evident in self-renewing pluripotent embryonic stem cells, which begin, in terms of cell fate, as a tabula rasa, and through the process of differentiation, acquire distinct identities. Here I describe the changes in chromatin that accompany neuronal differentiation, particularly of embryonic stem cells, and discuss how chromatin serves as the master regulator of cellular destiny.

  14. Caracterização geoelétrica de área de curtume localizada no distrito industrial de Icoaraci, Bélem-Pará

    OpenAIRE

    Nunes, Lana Patrícia Martins; Luiz, José Gouvêa

    2006-01-01

    Foi desenvolvido um estudo da subsuperfície rasa para investigar a possibilidade de contaminação do subsolo por líquidos usados no tratamento de couros. O estudo foi realizado na área da indústria Couro do Norte, Bairro de Maracacuera, no Distrito Industrial de Icoaraci em Belém-PA. As metodologias geofísicas utilizadas foram: eletrorresistividade (na forma de imageamento e através de sondagens verticais), potencial espontâneo, eletromagnético (slingram) e radar de penetração no solo (GPR). A...

  15. Generic radiological characterization protocol for surveys conducted for DOE remedial action programs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Berven, B.A.; Cottrell, W.D.; Leggett, R.W.; Little, C.A.; Myrick, T.E.; Goldsmith, W.A.; Haywood, F.F.

    1986-05-01

    This report describes goals and methodology that can be used by radiological survey contractors in surveys at properties associated with the Department of Energy's remedial action programs. The description includes: (1) a general discussion of the history of the remedial action programs; (2) the types of surveys that may be employed by the Radiological Survey Activities (RASA) contractor; (3) generic survey methods that may be used during radiological surveys; and (4) a format for presenting information and data in a survey report. 9 refs

  16. Alegorias do comportamento Pós-Atentados de 11 de Setembro de 2001, em Lost

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glauco Madeira de Toledo

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Este texto pretende mostrar que o seriado Lost começa com um storyline que envolve uma alegoria das reações das pessoas aos atentados de 11 de setembro de 2001, nos EUA, por meio das reações dos personagens aos resultados do acidente na ilha. Para este trabalho, foram estudados os quatro primeiros episódios da primeira temporada da série, incluindo o episódio piloto como dois episódios distintos, seguidos por Tabula Rasa e Walkabout.

  17. STUDY ABOUT THE CONCENTRATION AND TIPOLOGY OF PAHS IN THE MARINE SPONGE (HYMENIACIDON HELIOPHILA) AND COMPARISON WITH THE PERNA PERNA ACCUMULATION

    OpenAIRE

    KARLA TELLINI FONTES

    2011-01-01

    A aplicação dos mexilhões como bioindicadores de poluição por hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos (HPA) vem sendo amplamente empregada ao redor do mundo com ótimos resultados para o monitoramento desses poluentes, em que no caso do Brasil a espécie Perna perna é a mais comumente estudada para este fim. No entanto, devido à restrição desse organismo as áreas mais rasas faz-se necessário encontrar bioindicadores alternativos ao mexilhão. No presente estudo o organismo empr...

  18. Replantación de Eucalyptus grandis: efectos de la quema de residuos y fertilización en suelos arenosos del noreste de Entre Ríos

    OpenAIRE

    Dalla Tea, Fernando

    1997-01-01

    La tasa de corta o tala rasa de las plantaciones de Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maiden en la región noreste de Entre Ríos supera las 5.000 ha anuales. La mayor parte de las mismas son manejadas en un 2do o 3er ciclo por medio de sus rebrotes. Sin embargo, la alternativa de replantación y cambio de los materiales genéticos ha sido planteada como una técnica para mejorar la productividad. Uno de los mayores inconvenientes al decidir la replantación es el tratamiento de los residuos que quedan...

  19. PENGARUH RHIZOPUS ORYZAE DAN ASPERGILLUS ORYZAE TERHADAP KUALITAS KECAP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Sabita Slamet

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Telah diteliti pengganti fermentasi mikroorganisme Aspergillus oryzae Rhyzopus oryzae dan campuran Aspergillus dan Rhyzopus oryzae, dengan perendaman dalam larutan garam 20% dalam waktu yang berbeda terhadap kualitas kecap.Lamanya perendaman dalam larutan garam 20% yang berbeda menghasilkan kadar protein kecap yang berbeda. Aspergillus oryzae lebih baik dalam menghasilkan enzima protease dari pada Rhyzopus oryzae.Uji organoleptik menunjukkan perbedaan tidak bermakna dalam hal rasa maupun aroma antar kecap yang dibuat dengan strain jamur yang berlainan serta waktu perendaman yang berbeda. Untuk membuat kecap, sebaiknya dilakukan perendaman dalam larutan garam 20% selama 14 hari.

  20. Evaluation on Performances of Yoghurt Used Modern Technology Versus Natural One

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W Sayang Yupardhi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. A research for studying performances (aromatics including colour, taste, smell, texture and its financial benefit of milk products i.e. yoghurt which used modern technology versus the natural one was conducted at PT Prima Rasa, Denpasar. The research consisted of two treatments (A = modern technology and B = natural technology. The objective of the research were: 1 to study the differences of aromatic and financial benefit of yoghurt with modern technology versus the natural one, 2 to use as a reference in the future on milk products business, and 3 to increase the quantity and quality of yoghurt and income per capita in the Bali Island. In this research, yoghurt production which used modern technology (treatment A used some ingredients i.e. fresh milk, skimmed milk, starter (imported Lactic Acid Bacteria from Canada and modern equipments i.e. electric incubator for milk fermentation. While the natural technology (treatment B used a slightly different ingredients and equipments i.e. non imported starter and non electric incubator (ampel bamboo. The starter used was lactic acid bacteria naturally found in the ampel bamboo as incubator at once. The incubator was covered with aged banana leaf on the fermentation processes. These ingredients and equipments were very easy to find, available through the year and cheap. There were six replicates in each treatment. Data obtained were analyzed with t test and financial benefit was analyzed descriptively.  Results of the research showed that yoghurt aromatics which used natural technology was 14.29% significantly higher than modern one but its texture was 20.31% or significantly lower. The differences did not seem to cause difference on the taste between them. The average taste score was the same (7.1, indicating that both treatments had the same taste. The financial benefit of the natural yoghurt was much higher (90.74% than that of the modern one (127.40% versus 10.80%.   Key words: yoghurt

  1. PENGARUH RASIO RIMPANG RUMPUT TEKI (Cyperus rotundus L. DENGAN JAHE (Zingiber officinale TERHADAP KAPASITAS ANTIOKSIDAN DAN MUTU WEDANG TEKI INSTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurwikan Sutralestari

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian adalah memperoleh proses pengolahan wedang teki ins­tan, mengetahui kapasitas antioksidan serta mutu (rendemen, waktu rehidrasi, sifat fi­sik warna, dan uji hedonik wedang teki instan dengan rasio rimpang rumput teki dan jahe berbeda. Jenis penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan penelitian eksperimen meng­­­­gunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL dengan dua kali pengulangan. Data ha­sil analisis diuji menggunakan ANOVA (Analysis of Variances. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh menunjukkan wedang teki instan dengan rasio rimpang rumput teki dan jahe yang berbeda berpengaruh terhadap kapasitas antioksidan, waktu rehidrasi, si­­fat fisik warna, serta uji hedonik rasa dan warna. Kapasitas antioksidan dan ke­su­ka­an rasa terbaik  pada wedang teki instan dengan rasio rimpang rumput teki dan jahe 1 : 2½. Waktu rehidrasi tercepat, sifat fisik warna paling cerah dan kesukaan war­­­­na pada wedang teki instan dengan rasio rimpang rumput teki dan jahe 1 : 1½.

  2. PARENTAL ROLE AND NARCISSICM IN CONSTRUCTING SELF-IMAGE IN JOICE CAROL OATES’S SHORT STORY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yustin Sartika

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available POLA ASUH DAN NARSISME DALAM MENGKONSTRUKSI GAMBARAN DIRI DI CERITA JOICE CAROL OATES Abstract This research attempts to find the parental role and narcissism in constructing self-image in Where Are You Going Where Have You Been by Joice Carol Oates. This research was qualitative. By using object relation theory, this research finds that less attachment and abandonment leads to depression. To avoid further rejection, self can split to different personalities. Unpleasant experience during maturing process produces low self-esteem. Narcissism works to soothe the anxiety on developing the self-image. Keywords: abandonment, depression, split personality Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan pola asuh orang tua dan narsisme dalam membangun gambaran diri dalam Where Are You Going Where Have You Been karya Joice Carol Oates. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif. Dengan menggunakan teori hubungan objek, penelitian ini menemukan bahwa kurangnya kedekatan dan rasa penolakan memunculkan depresi. Untuk mencegah penolakan lebih lanjut, diri dapat terbagi menjadi karakter yang berbeda-beda. Pengalaman pendewasaan yang tidak menyenangkan dapat menyebabkan anak memiliki rasa penghargaan diri yang rendah. Narsisme bekerja untuk meredakan kegelisahan dalam mengembangkan diri. Kata kunci: penolakan, depresi, karakter ganda

  3. Efektivitas Pijat dalam Mengurangi Nyeri pada Kala I Persalinan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octa Dwienda R

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Pijat merupakan salah satu cara mengurangi rasa nyeri karena proses pemijatan dapat menghambat sinyal nyeri, Ibu bersalin yang mendapat pijatan selama 20 menit selama proses persalinan akan lebih terbebas dari rasa sakit. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui efektivitas pijat dalam mengurangi nyeri persalinan pada ibu bersalin. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian quasi eksperimen dengan menggunakan rancangan penelitian prepost test. Lokasi penelitian adalah bidan praktik mandiri (BPS ernita Pekanbaru yang dilakukan pada bulan AprilJuni 2014. Populasi dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 30 orang dengan teknik pengambilan sampel adalah Purposive Sampling. Data dalam penelitian ini merupakan data primer yang dianalisis menggunakan uji Paired Sample T-Test (dependent T-Test dengan derajat α =0,05. Hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa rata-rata skala nyeri persalinan sebelum pijat adalah 8,67, sesudah pijat adalah 5,33. Sedangkan untuk metode sebelum pemberian obat anti nyeri adalah 9,47 dan sesudah pemberian obat adalah 3,07. Pemberian pijat dan obat efektif dalam mengurangi nyeri dengan p value : 0,001. Kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode pijat efektif dalam mengurangi nyeri persalinan pada ibu bersalin fase aktif kala I di BPS Ernita Pekanbaru

  4. SADHARANIKARANA, SEBUAH MODEL KOMUNIKASI HINDU: ASPEK-ASPEK DAN FILSAFATNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Bagus Putu Suamba

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Sistem komunikasi Hindu telah dianggap sebagai disiplin baru di bidang teori dan praktik komunikasi. Ini tidak berarti bahwa benih atau gagasan komunikasi tidak ada dalam literatur dan praktiknya sejak periode Veda. Referensi yang diambil dari bidang puisi, estetika, dan drama dalam literatur Sanskerta menunjukkan banyaknya sumber yang bisa dimanfaatkan sebagai sumber utama untuk mengembangkan sistem komunikasi Hindu yang tepat. Sadharanikarakana sebagai teori generalisasi dalam ekspresi puitis dikembangkan menjadi model komunikasi Hindu di era modern. Model terdiri dari beberapa aspek, seperti sahridaya (pihak yang terlibat - pengirim dan penerima, sahridayata (keadaan kesamaan, bhava (mood, abhivyanjana (encoding, sandesha (pesan, sarani (saluran, rasawadana (yang pertama diterima, decoding dan interpretasi pesan dan akhirnya mencapai rasa, dosha (suara, dan pratikriya (umpan balik; mereka menjadi bingkisan dari keseluruhan sistem. Sebagai model komunikasi, setiap pihak terlibat dalam proses komunikasi berusaha mencapai keadaan satu kesatuan, kesamaan, keadaan umum, universalitas yang disebut sahridayata. Dengan keadaan ini, setiap perbedaan dalam berbagai bidang kehidupan dapat dilampaui menjadi saling pengertian karena kesatuan atau kesamaan telah dicapai melalui proses negosiasi makna. Dalam ranah kesatuan kebenaran trans-empiris (advaita dengan Realitas Tertinggi (disebut Brahman adalah dalam bentuk rasa. Model tidak hanya melibatkan aspek material komunikasi tapi juga spiritual. Selain bersifat spiritual, model ini juga nonlinier.

  5. IMPLEMENTASI KEPEMIMPINAN TRANSFORMASIONAL KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM MENINGKATKAN MUTU SEKOLAH DI SD KANISIUS SENGKAN KABUPATEN SLEMAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tukiman Tukiman

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan implementasi kepemimpinan transformasional kepala sekolah dalam meningkatkan mutu sekolah SD Kanisius Sengkan, Kabupaten Sleman. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian studi kasus. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode kajian dokumen, observasi, dan wawancara. Analisis data menggunakan analisis model interaktif dari Miles dan Huberman yang meliputi empat tahap analisis yaitu: pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kepemimpinan transformasional kepala sekolah SD Kanisius Sengkan mampu menciptakan perubahan dan membawa SD Kanisius mencapai prestasi yang baik. Kepala sekolah menjadi tokoh panutan yang dihormati, dihargai, dan dipercaya. Kepala sekolah mampu membangun semangat kebersamaan dan kedisiplinan serta memotivasi para guru dan karyawan untuk bekerja secara optimal. Kepala sekolah berani melakukan perubahan melalui tindakan-tindakan yang kreatif dan inovatif. Akhirnya kepala sekolah mampu membangun kesadaran berorganisasi pada para guru dan karyawan dengan mengembangkan sikap rasa memiliki dan rasa bertanggung jawab untuk meraih prestasi setinggi-tingginya.Kata kunci: kepala sekolah, kepemimpian transformasional, mutu sekolah.

  6. Mastering the game of Go without human knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, David; Schrittwieser, Julian; Simonyan, Karen; Antonoglou, Ioannis; Huang, Aja; Guez, Arthur; Hubert, Thomas; Baker, Lucas; Lai, Matthew; Bolton, Adrian; Chen, Yutian; Lillicrap, Timothy; Hui, Fan; Sifre, Laurent; van den Driessche, George; Graepel, Thore; Hassabis, Demis

    2017-10-01

    A long-standing goal of artificial intelligence is an algorithm that learns, tabula rasa, superhuman proficiency in challenging domains. Recently, AlphaGo became the first program to defeat a world champion in the game of Go. The tree search in AlphaGo evaluated positions and selected moves using deep neural networks. These neural networks were trained by supervised learning from human expert moves, and by reinforcement learning from self-play. Here we introduce an algorithm based solely on reinforcement learning, without human data, guidance or domain knowledge beyond game rules. AlphaGo becomes its own teacher: a neural network is trained to predict AlphaGo’s own move selections and also the winner of AlphaGo’s games. This neural network improves the strength of the tree search, resulting in higher quality move selection and stronger self-play in the next iteration. Starting tabula rasa, our new program AlphaGo Zero achieved superhuman performance, winning 100-0 against the previously published, champion-defeating AlphaGo.

  7. PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH DAN PENGEMBANGAN KARAKTER PADA SISWA KELAS VII MELALUI MODEL PBL BERBANTUAN SCAFFOLDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novy Kris Zaini

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui (1 apakah kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematika peserta didik yang diajar dengan model PBL berbantuan scaffolding pada materi pokok segiempat kelas VII dapat mencapai KKM yang ditetapkan, (2 apakah pembelajaran matematika dengan model PBL berbantuan scaffolding pada materi pokok segiempat kelas VII dapat meningkatkan kemampuan pemecahan masalah peserta didik pilihan, (3 apakah pembelajaran matematika dengan model PBL berbantuan scaffolding pada materi pokok segiempat kelas VII dapat meningkatkan karakter rasa ingin tahu peserta didik pilihan. Desain penelitian ini adalah concurrent triangulation (campuran kuatitatif dan kualitatif secara seimbang, menggabungkan antara metode kuantitatif dan metode kualitatif untuk digunakan secara bersama-sama dalam suatu kegiatan penelitian, sehingga diperoleh data yang lebih komprehensif, valid, reliabel dan obyektif. Penentuan sumber data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan teknik triangulasi, yaitu menggabungkan dari berbagai teknik pengumpulan data dan sumber data yang telah ada. Data diperoleh dengan observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi yang kemudian dianalisis menggunakan analisis kualitatif, sedangkan tes dan observasi dianalisis menggunakan analisis kuantitatif dan analisis gain untuk mengukur peningkatan. Analisis kualitatif menunjukkan karakter rasa ingin tahu dan kemampuan pemecahan masalah peserta didik meningkat, serta kemampuan pemecahan masalah peserta didik mencapai KKM melalui model pembelajaran PBL

  8. INTERACTION OF EUROPEAN AND RUSSIAN LEGAL CONSCIOUSNESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Tyrtyshny

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article provides an overview of certain ideologemes of Western (European and Russian legal consciousness – prominent works of Ivan Ilyin and Duncan Kennedy are taken as examples. The article analyzes the tabula rasa principle and its place in legal consciousness. We use legal scholarship, judicial practice and opinion polls to examine the relationship between legal consciousness and the lack of trust in Russian courts, as well as their inefficiency from the point of view of public opinion. There are a number of shocking cases of torture of innocent people by the Russian police. Why is this so? The answer lies in the legal consciousness of police officers and of judges. This is something that has been inherited from the Soviet period. It is completely different from the Western legal consciousness, one of the key features of which is denial of authority. The critical legal studies branch of American legal realism almost denies the very existence of law, and, perhaps for this reason, American culture is less open to abuses like torture. At the same time, there is no possibility to shift legal consciousness immediately, the tabula rasa principle does not work. The final objective of the article is to provide a perspective on the reform of higher legal education and its relation to legal consciousness and legal anthropology. We propose that a greater part of the university curriculum is devoted to legal anthropology.

  9. SIFAT ORGANOLEPTIK SUBTITUSI TEPUNG KIMPUL DALAM PEMBUATAN CAKE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taufik Rafika

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Organoleptic properties of kimpul flour substitution in the cake making. Kimpul is a one of tuber food source, which contains carbohidrate, protein, fat, some mineral and vitamins. The aims of this research is to find out the sensory properties (hedonic quality and hedonic of the kimpul cake flour substitution. This experimental research uses a completely-randomized design using an analysis of variance. The results analysis of the hedonic quality of color, texture and flavor obtain the highest mean rates at the amount of 40% substitution of kimpul flour, and the results  were not significantly different between treatments. The hedonic test of color, flavor, and texture obtain the highest mean rates at the amount of 80% substitution of kimpul flour.   Kimpul merupakan sumber pangan umbi-umbian yang mengandung karbo­hidrat, protein, lemak, beberapa mineral dan vitamin. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah  mengetahui sifat sensori (mutu hedonik dan hedonik cake subtitusi tepung kimpul. Penelitian eksperimen ini menggunakan metode rancangan acak lengkap  mengguna­kan analisis sidik ragam (Analysis of Variance. Hasil analisis uji mutu hedonik warna, tekstur dan rasa memperoleh rerata tertinggi pada jumlah substitusi tepung kimpul 40% yang tidak berbeda antar perlakuan. Uji hedonik (uji tingkat kesukaan warna, rasa, dan tekstur  memperoleh rerata tertinggi pada jumlah subtitusi tepung kimpul 80%.

  10. Pengaruh Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I pada Seni Karawitan Kraton Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raharja -

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Gamelan sebagai alat musik atau karawitan sebagai produk musikal dari Kraton Yogyakartamempunyai beberapa karakter yang sangat khas. Karawitan masih dipergunakan sebagai suatu identitasdan diakui oleh masyarakat hingga saat ini. Pengembangan musikal ini bermula dari Sri SultanHamengku Buwono I. Ada dua alasan penting yang mendorong gagasan penciptaan karaktergamelan. Pertama, konsepsi kedudukan raja telah mendudukkan gamelan sebagai salah satu pusakapenting. Kedua, kepribadian Sultan yang maskulin, heroik, dan patriotik menjadi model pengembangan,memberi ciri khas pada masing-masing ricikan gamelan dan musikalitasnya. Gamelan KratonYogyakarta mempunyai kesan rasa musikal: agung, gagah, tegas, mantap, berwibawa, mrabu (sepertiraja, dan ngratoni (seperti suasana di kraton.   The Effect of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I on Kraton Yogyakarta Karawitan. Gamelan asmusical instrument or karawitan as a musical product of Kraton Yogyakarta has some specific characters. Itis still used as an identity and is recognized by karawitan society until now. This musical development wasfirstly introduced by Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I. There are two important reasons which stimulatethe ideas of creating gamelan characters. First, the king’s authority conception puts the gamelan as one ofthe important heirloom. Second, Sultan’s personalities which are masculine, heroic, and patriotic becomethe influencing model of its development, and give some specific characters on each gamelan instrument andits musicality as well. Kraton Yogyakarta gamelan has many musical rasa(s/feelings: glorious, strong, clear,steady, prestigious, ‘mrabu’ (like a king, and ‘ngratoni’ (such an atmosphere of Kraton.

  11. Results of the survey activities and mobile gamma scanning in Monticello, Utah

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Little, C.A.; Berven, B.A.

    1985-11-01

    The town of Monticello, Utah, was once the site of an active mill which processed vanadium ore (1942 to 1948), and uranium ore (1948 to 1960). Properties in the vicinity of that mill have become contaminated with radioactive material from ore processing. The Radiological Survey Activities (RASA) group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was requested by the Division of Remedial Action Projects (DRAP) in the Department of Energy (DOE) to: (1) identify potentially contaminated properties; (2) assess natural background radiation levels; and (3) rapidly assess the magnitude, extent, and type (i.e. ore, tailings, etc.) of contamination present on these properties (if any). This survey was conducted by RASA during April 1983. In addition to the 114 properties previously identified from historical information, the ORNL mobile gamma scanning van located 36 new properties exhibiting anomalous gamma radiation levels. Onsite surveys were conducted on 145 of the 150 total properties identified either historically or with the gamma scanning van. Of these 145 properties, 122 of them appeared to have some type of contaminated material present on them; however, only 48 appeared to be contaminated to the extent where they were in excess of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) criteria (40 CFR 192). Twenty-one other properties were recommended for additional investigation (indoor gamma scanning and radon daughter measurements); of these, only ten required further analysis. This report provides the detailed data and analyses related to the radiological survey efforts performed by ORNL in Monticello, Utah

  12. Genomic localization of the Z/EG transgene in the mouse genome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colombo, Sophie; Kumasaka, Mayuko; Lobe, Corrinne; Larue, Lionel

    2010-02-01

    The Z/EG transgenic mouse line, produced by Novak et al., displays tissue-specific EGFP expression after Cre-mediated recombination. The autofluorescence of EGFP allows the visualization of cells of interest displaying Cre recombination. The initial construct was designed such that cells without Cre recombination express the beta-galactosidase marker, facilitating counterselection. We used inverse PCR to identify the site of integration of the Z/EG transgene, to improve the efficiency of homozygous Z/EG mouse production. Recombined cells produced large amounts of EGFP protein, resulting in higher levels of fluorescence and therefore greater contrast with nonrecombined cells. We mapped the transgene to the G1 region of chromosome 5. This random insertion was found to have occurred 230-bp upstream from the start codon of the Rasa4 gene. The insertion of the Z/EG transgene in the C57BL/6 genetic background had no effect on Rasa4 expression. Homozygous Z/EG mice therefore had no obvious phenotype. (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  13. Indução de estruturações esféricas ou similares durante a cristalização da água por processos físicos ou químicos Induction of spherical or similar structures during the water crystallization by physical or chemical process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano de Carvalho

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Estruturar cristais de gelo é atrativo devido à possibilidade de diminuir os danos causados pelo congelamento ao mínimo. A ocorrência de agulhas ou esqueletos danosos às células significa que foram desiguais os crescimentos das faces do cristal. Objetivou-se com este trabalho induzir a formação de sementes cristalinas menores, arredondadas ou com alto grau de simetria, para aumentar a probabilidade de crescimentos geometricamente semelhantes à forma original e que elimine crescimentos desiguais nas faces do cristal de gelo. Foram usadas: 1 substâncias anfifílicas, para afetar a estruturação cristalina habitual da água e 2 substâncias com a possibilidade de formação de ligações de hidrogênio nas diversas direções e formar arranjos simétricos. Sob a influência do dodecil sulfato sódico (SDS, um tensoativo, os cristais de gelo cristalizaram na forma de agregados cristalinos esféricos. Cristais esferulíticos foram obtidos sob a influência dos aminoácidos valina, histidina, glicina e do sal sulfato de alumínio e amônio. Cristais poliédricos com faces curvas foram conseguidos sob a influência dos tensoativos Triton ® X 100, Tween ® 80 e de um sal biliar (ácido quenodeoxicólico. O melhor resultado foi obtido sob a influência da floroglucina. Esse trifenol produziu cristais pequenos, com extremidades arredondadas e em todas as camadas da amostra.The possibility of ice crystal structuring is attractive because it is possible to reach some structures of reduced dimensions capable of decrease the freezing damage to the minimal. The occurrences of needles or skeletons harmful to the frozen tissues demonstrate that the crystal face grown were unequal. The objective of the research is to the induce formation of smaller crystalline seeds, spherical or with a high symmetry level to increase the probability of original form. It was used: 1 anphiphilic substances, to affect the usual crystalline structure of the water; 2

  14. Composição de aminoácidos de cultivares de feijão e aplicações para o melhoramento genético Amino acid composition in common bean cultivars and applications for genetic breeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nerinéia Dalfollo Ribeiro

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar a composição de aminoácidos em grãos de cultivares de feijão e a presença de interação cultivares x locais, nos teores de aminoácidos, e identificar cultivares para uso direto na alimentação e derivações em programas de melhoramento. Os aminoácidos foram determinados por cromatografia líquida de alta performance (HPLC, em grãos de 19 cultivares de feijão cultivadas em dois locais. Os dados médios obtidos para cada cultivar, em duplicata, foram comparados entre si com a utilização do teste t, a 5% de probabilidade para cada local. Os grãos das cultivares analisadas apresentaram teores de aminoácidos essenciais e não-essenciais, adequados às necessidades diárias de um indivíduo adulto, o que indica alta qualidade da proteína do feijão. As cultivares de feijão apresentam, em ordem decrescente, os aminoácidos essenciais: leucina, lisina, fenilalanina, valina, isoleucina, treonina, histidina e metionina; e os aminoácidos não-essenciais: ácido glutâmico, ácido aspártico, arginina, serina, alanina, glicina, tirosina, prolina e cisteína. Os teores de leucina, isoleucina, histidina, valina, treonina, glicina e alanina foram afetados pela interação cultivares x locais. A cultivar Iraí apresenta composição de aminoácidos adequada e é indicada para uso em dietas e derivações em programas de melhoramento.The objective of this work was to determine the amino acid composition of seeds of common bean cultivars and to examine the presence of cultivar x location interactions in amino acid contents, and to identify common bean cultivars for direct consumption or use in breeding programs. The amino acid contents were determinated through high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC, in 19 common bean cultivars obtained in two localities. The mean data sets of each cultivar, in duplication, were compared by the F test at 5% probability for each location. Grains of the common bean

  15. COMPONENŢA AMINOACIZILOR DIN BIOMASA ALGEI CIANOFITE NOSTOC GELATINOSUM (SCHOUSB ELENK.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergiu DOBROJAN

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available În articol este analizată componenţa aminoacizilor din biomasa algei cianofite Nostoc gelatinosum (Schousb Elenk. colectate de pe mediul nutritiv Drew. Din grupa aminoacizilor esenţiali în biomasa algei Nostoc gelatinosum (Schousb Elenk. se conţine în cantităţi majore leucina (2,142±0,06 mg/100 mg, treonina (1,188±0,02 mg/100 mg şi valina (1,085±0,03 mg/100 mg. Din aminoacizii neesenţiali predomină acidul aspartic (4,523±0,11 mg/100 mg şi acidul glutamic (2,774±0,07 mg/100 mg. Alga Nostoc gelatinosum (Schousb Elenk. are un conţinut bogat de aminoacizi şi poate servi ca sursă pentru vaste domenii de aplicare.THE AMINO ACIDS COMPOSITION OF THE BLUE-GREEN ALGANOSTOC GELATINOSUM (SCHOUSB ELENKThis article presents the amino acid content of the blue-green alga Nostoc gelatinosum (Schousb Elenk. collected from the Drew nutritive medium. From the essential amino group in Nostoc gelatinosum (Schousb Elenk. biomass, major amounts are contained leucine (2,142 ± 0,06 mg/100 mg, threonine (1,188 ± 0,02 mg/100 mg and valine (1,085 ± 0,03 mg/100 mg. From nonessential amino acids predominates aspartic acid (4,523 ± 0,11 mg/100 mg and glutamic acid (2,774 ± 0.07 mg/100 mg. The alga Nostoc gelatinosum (Schousb Elenk. has a high content of amino acids and can serve as a source for vast areas of application. 

  16. KANDUNGAN ASAM AMINO, TAURIN, MINERAL MAKRO-MIKRO, DAN VITAMIN B12 UBUR-UBUR (Aurelia aurita SEGAR DAN KERING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - - Nurjanah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian adalah menentukan komposisi gizi, asam amino, taurin, mineral makro dan mikro,dan vitamin B12 pada ubur-ubur (Aurelia aurita segar dan kering. Asam amino esensial pada ubur-uburyaitu arginina, leusina, valina, treonina, lisina, isoleusina, fenilalanina, metionina, dan histidina, sedangkanasam amino non esensial yaitu asam glutamat, glisina, asam aspartat, serina, alanina, dan tirosina. Asamamino esensial tertinggi segar dan kering adalah arginina sebesar 1,72% (bk dan 1,44% (bk dan terendahhistidina yaitu sebesar 0,19% (bk dan 0,13% (bk. Asam amino non esensial segar dan kering tertinggiadalah asam glutamat dan glisina yaitu sebesar 3,26% (bk dan 2,62% (bk dan terkecil tirosina sebesar0,38% (bk dan 0,41% (bk. Taurin segar sebesar 2,68% (bk dan kering sebesar 0,67% (bk. Mineral makrotertinggi segar dan kering adalah natrium yaitu 180.092,1 ppm (bk dan 111.209,4 ppm (bk, terkecil adalahkalsium yaitu 5.750,2 ppm (bk dan 11,1 ppm (bk. Mineral mikro tertinggi segar dan kering adalah iodium yaitu8.291,5 ppm (bk dan 1.800 ppm (bk dan yang terkecil adalah tembaga yaitu 1,1 ppm (bk dan 0,6 ppm (bk.Vitamin B12 segar adalah 396,6 μm/100 g (bk dan kering 63,5 μm/100 g (bk.Kata kunci: asam amino, mineral, taurin, ubur-ubur (Aurelia aurita, vitamin B12

  17. Formulasi Perbandingan Asam Basa Serbuk Effervescent dari Coklat Bubuk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inda Three Anova

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Chocolate can be made various kinds of chocolate drink products. Chocolate drink is usually  mix with milk or coffee and drink with hot water become a refreshing drink. Chocolate can be made into effervescent drinks, these drinks produce gas bubbles which gives good taste. The presence of carbonate can provide another taste, so as to create a more interesting flavor diversification. The purpose of this study was to get optimal formulation to make an effervescent cocoa powder and more variety of cocoa powder drinks. The study was conducted by using a comparison method of citric acid : tartatic acid (A and acid : base (B. The results showed that treatment of acid ratio and acid-base had an effect on the pH value, moisture content, flow time, compressibility value, and soluble time. Optimal treatment was obtained in ratio of citric acid : tartaric acid (1:2 and ratio acid 20% : base 25% which had pH value 6.77, moisture content 1.3%, the flow time 6.19 g/sec, compressibility 28.83, and soluble time 5.69 minutes. Except the compressibility value and soluble time, as a whole met criteria for effervescent powder drink.ABSTRAKCoklat dapat dibuat berbagai macam  produk minuman coklat. Minuman coklat biasanya diminum dengan mencampur susu atau kopi dan diminum dengan air panas menjadi minuman penyegar. Coklat dapat dibuat menjadi minuman effervescent, minuman ini menghasilkan gelembung gas yang memberikan rasa enak. Adanya karbonat dapat memberikan rasa lain, sehingga tercipta diversifikasi rasa yang lebih menarik. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan formulasi yang optimal dalam pembuatan serbuk minuman effervescent dari coklat bubuk dan variasi minuman dari coklat bubuk yang lebih beragam. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode perbandingan asam sitrat : asam tartarat (A dan asam : basa (B. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan perbandingan asam dan asam basa berpengaruh pada nilai pH, kandungan lembab, waktu alir, nilai

  18. Memory and the Construction of Perseption toward Magic Call in the novel The First Phone Call From Heaven by Mitch Albom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosmah Tami

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan persepsi penerima telepon magis dari surga tentang kebenaran sebuah peristiwa magis dalam novel The First Phone Call from Heaven karya Mitch Albom. Novel ini dianggap menggunakan format realisme magis yang mencampurkan antara kenyataan dan fantasi. Pergerakan persepsi karakter novel dari tidak mempercayainya sebagai kebenaran menjadi sebagai kebenaran yang mutlak menjadi fokus penelitian ini. Permasalahan yang diangkat dalam penelitian ini ditelusuri dengan menggunakan kerangka teori yang dikemukakan oleh Linda Hutcheon tentang representasikan masa lalu dalam narasi. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa penerimaan tokoh dalam novel terhadap kejadian magis yang tidak dapat dipercaya menjadi sebuah kemutlakan yang tak terbantahkan melalui proses dialektika yang logis melalui ingatan masa lalu yang kemudian membangkitkan perasaan tokoh. Ketidakrasionalan suatu peristiwa dapat dirasionalkan dan diterima oleh akal dengan menampilkan masa lalu melalui ingatan tokoh. Ingatan memancing sentimental sehingga peristiwa yang rasional dapat diterima karena dukungan dari domain rasa bukan nalar. Sentimentalitas adalah strategi dalam narasi untuk mengaburkan antara real dan yang tidak real.

  19. METODELE GENETICII MOLECULARE CA INSTRUMENTE PENTRU AMELIORAREA OVINELOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JÁVOR A.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Autorii au prezentat pe scurt proiectele lor de cercetare din ultimii 10 ani îndomeniul geneticii moleculare la oaie. S-au realizat investigaţii asupra receptoruluide melatonină 1a (Mel1A ca genă candidat care influenţează sezonalitateareproducţiei la oaie. Cercetările s-au efectuat pe trei rase, şi anume Awassi,Merinos prolific maghiar şi Ţigaie. La aceste rase s-au determinat poziţiilemutaţiilor genelor în funcţie de secvenţa d referinţă a GeneBank nr. U14109. Întotal, la cele trei rase s-au identificat un număr de 16 polimorfisme nucleotidicesingulare (SNP. Exonul II a genei Mel1A este puternic polimorfic. Şase din SNPidentificaţi produc modificări ale aminoacizilor din proteina care poate fi cauzamodificărilor funcţiei şi/sau construcţiei receptorului de melatonină. Studiul se vacontinua pentru a investiga cele trei rase pentru mutaţiile funcţionale, construireade haplotipuri şi asocierile dintre haplotipuri şi activitatea ovariană extrasezon. Oaltă abordare o reprezintă studiul de caz a programului maghiar de ameliorarefolosind berbeci importanţi din rasa Booroola. În Europa, Ungaria a fost prima ţarăcare a importat berbeci şi oi din rasa Merinos Booroola, pe baza cărora s-a formato nou rasă Merinos Prolific Maghiar, recunoscută în 1992. În concluzia studiilor depână acum, rezultatele au arătat că rata ridicată de ovulaţie la castă rasă esteprodusă de mutaţia receptorului genei BMPR-1B. Eficienţa programului deameliorare dea creşte frecvenţa alelei FecB în această populaţie de ovine a fostîntârziată de aplicarea anterioară a metodelor improprii de clasificare genotipică.Un proiect mai amplu al echipei de cercetători este acela de a estima diferenţelegenetice dintre variatele tipuri de oi Ţigaie şi Ţurcană din Estul, Centrul şi SudulEuropei. În prezent, în cadrul institutului se derulează următoarele proiecte decercetare: cartografierea locilor

  20. Management of tennis elbow by Agnikarma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vyasadeva Mahanta

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Tennis elbow is a painful condition and causes restricted movement of forearm which requires treatment for long period. Till date only symptomatic treatments are available like use of anti-inflammatory analgesic drugs, steroids injection, physiotherapy, exercise etc. But none of these provide satisfactory result. Long term use of anti-inflammatory, analgesic drugs and steroids injection is also not free from the adverse effects. Usually, ′wait-and-see policy′ of treatment guideline is recommended in most of medical texts. According to Ayurveda, snayugata vata can be correlated with the condition of tennis elbow. Sushruta has advised Agnikarma for disorders of snayu (ligaments and tendons, asthi (bone, siddhi (joints etc. Hence, in this study a case of tennis elbow (snayugata vata was treated by Agnikarma, along with administration of powder of Ashwagandha and Navajivana Rasa orally, for a period of 03 weeks. This combination therapy provided considerable relief in pain and movement of the elbow joint.

  1. Management of tennis elbow by Agnikarma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahanta, Vyasadeva; Dudhamal, Tukaram S; Gupta, Sanjay Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Tennis elbow is a painful condition and causes restricted movement of forearm which requires treatment for long period. Till date only symptomatic treatments are available like use of anti-inflammatory analgesic drugs, steroids injection, physiotherapy, exercise etc. But none of these provide satisfactory result. Long term use of anti-inflammatory, analgesic drugs and steroids injection is also not free from the adverse effects. Usually, 'wait-and-see policy' of treatment guideline is recommended in most of medical texts. According to Ayurveda, snayugata vata can be correlated with the condition of tennis elbow. Sushruta has advised Agnikarma for disorders of snayu (ligaments and tendons), asthi (bone), siddhi (joints) etc. Hence, in this study a case of tennis elbow (snayugata vata) was treated by Agnikarma, along with administration of powder of Ashwagandha and Navajivana Rasa orally, for a period of 03 weeks. This combination therapy provided considerable relief in pain and movement of the elbow joint.

  2. Caracterização e importância das macrófitas aquáticas com ênfase nos ambientes límnicos do campus Carreiros - FURG, Rio Grande, RS

    OpenAIRE

    Trindade, Claudio Rossano Trindade; Pereira, Sabrina Amaral; Albertoni, Edélti Faria; Silva, Cleber Palma

    2010-01-01

    A comunidade de macrófitas aquáticas desempenha um papel estrutural e funcional de grande importância ecossistêmica em ambientes límnicos de águas rasas. Estes ambientes de lagos rasos e banhados são muito comuns na planície costeira do Rio Grande do Sul, dominando extensas paisagens e apresentando uma grande biodiversidade que reúne animais de várias categorias taxonômicas. Este texto é dirigido a alunos de cursos de graduação da área biológica e a professores de Ciências da rede de ensino f...

  3. Distribuição de macrófitas aquáticas numa lagoa na fazenda Nhumirim, Nhecolândia, Pantanal, MS

    OpenAIRE

    Pott,Vali J; Bueno,Norma C; Pereira,Rosana A. C; Salis,Suzana M. De; Vieira,Neuza L

    1989-01-01

    A Nhecolândia, uma sub-região arenosa do Pantanal, possui muitas lagoas ("baías") rasas e subcirculares. Levantou-se, em outubro de 1988, através de duas transecções, a vegetação aquática de uma lagoa permanente, denominada "Baía da Sanguessuga", com 250m de diâm. e até 1,2m prof. (época seca), na fazenda Nhumirim (18º59'S e 56º39'W, e alt 90m). As plantas foram coletadas e depositadas nos Herbários CP AP e COR. São apresentadas lista de 37 plantas ocorrentes, suas formas biológicas, e gráfic...

  4. PERILAKU POLITIK PEMILIH PEMULA DALAM PELAKSANAAN PEMILIHAN PRESIDEN 2014 DI DESA KANAUNGAN KECAMATAN LABAKKANG KABUPATEN PANGKEP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raoda Nur

    2015-04-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perilaku politik pemilih pemula dalam pelaksanaan pemilihan Presiden dan wakil Presiden 2014 serta untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku politik pemilih pemula dalam pelaksanaan pemilihan Presiden dan Wakil Presiden Di Desa Kanaungan Kecamatan Labakkang Kabupaten Pangkep. Jenis penelitian adalah deskriftif kualitatif dan tipe penelitian studi kasus dengan jumlah informan 10 orang terdiri dari 1 orang Kepala Desa, 1 orang anggota KPPS, 3 orang anggota KPPS, dan 5 orang pemilih pemula. Data perilaku politik pemilih pemula di kumpul dengan menggunakan instrumen berupa observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Data tersebut dianalisis melalui tahap reduksi data, penyajian data dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pemilih pemula dalam menggunakan hak pilihnya dalam pemilihan presiden dan wakil presiden masih kurang karena kesadaran mereka akan pentingnya dalam melakukan pemilihan, mengikuti pilihan orang tua menjadi alasan utama dalam memilih, rasa kagum yang dimiliki pada kandidat menjadi alasan dalam memilih dan tidak rasional dalam menggunakan hak suara yang dimiliki.

  5. After zero hour: States as “custodians of universal human culture,” or “guardians of advanced art”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milin Melita

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of radically new, avant-garde movements in German music and throughout Western Europe after WW2 has often been seen as expressing a strivings to create on a tabula rasa, in order to create distance from the horrors of the recent past. In the countries of the communist bloc, the imposed ideology of socialist realism also created a sharp break, similar to that in the West, except that Zero Hour was conceived in quite a different fashion, as a move in the opposite direction from Western modernism. The case of post-war music in Yugoslavia is examined under the light of the fact that the country did not belong to either bloc. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no. 177004: Identities of Serbian Music from Local to Global Frames: Traditions, Changes, Challenges

  6. KEDUDUKAN DAN WEWENANG LEMBAGA FATWA (DSN-MUI PADA BANK SYARIAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Abdul Hadi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Peran dan Fungsi lembaga fatwa di Indonesia sangat siginifikan, hal ini disebabkan kebutuhan dunia perbankan terhdap kehalalan produk yang akan diberikan kepada masyarakat dan untuk menciptakan rasa aman dan kepercayaan masyarakat terhadap bank syariah.             Di setiap Negara memiliki kebijakan tersendiri untuk menetapkan struktur dan posisi lembaga fatwa dalam dunia keuangan maupun perbankan, di Indonesia Dewan Syariah Nasional-Majelis Ulama Indonesia (DSN-MUI merupakan lembaga independen yang memiliki otoritas yang kuat terhadap hukum – hukum Islam yang berkaitan dengan Lembaga Keuangan Islam. Penulis mencoba menjelaskan bagaimana kedudukan dan wewenang  DSN-MUI in Indonesia dan dibandingkan institusi lembaga fatwa yang ada di beberapa Negara seperti Malaysia, Pakistan, Mesir, Uni Emirat Arab, dan Inggris terutama dalam penerapan sistem perbankan syariah

  7. Discovery of KPS-1b, a Transiting Hot-Jupiter, with an Amateur Telescope Setup (Abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benni, P.; Burdanov, A.; Krushinsky, V.; Sokov, E.

    2018-06-01

    (Abstract only) Using readily available amateur equipment, a wide-field telescope (Celestron RASA, 279 mm f/2.2) coupled with a SBIG ST-8300M camera was set up at a private residence in a fairly light polluted suburban town thirty miles outside of Boston, Massachusetts. This telescope participated in the Kourovka Planet Search (KPS) prototype survey, along with a MASTER-II Ural wide field telescope near Yekaterinburg, Russia. One goal was to determine if higher resolution imaging ( 2 arcsec/pixel) with much lower sky coverage can practically detect exoplanet transits compared to the successful very wide-field exoplanet surveys (KELT, XO, WASP, HATnet, TrES, Qatar, etc.) which used an array of small aperture telescopes coupled to CCDs.

  8. Comparison of the response of a NaI scintillation crystal with a pressurized ionization chamber as a function of altitude, radiation level and Ra-226 concentration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Provencher, R.; Smith, G.; Borak, T.B.; Kearney, P.

    1986-01-01

    The Grand Junction Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action-Radiological Survey Activities Group (UMTRA-RASA) program employs a screening method in which external exposure rates are used to determine if a property contaminated with uranium mill tailings is eligible for remedial action. Portable NaI detectors are used by survey technicians to locate contaminated areas and determine exposure rates. The exposure rate is calculated using a regression equation derived from paired measurements made with a pressurized ionization chamber (PIC) and a NaI detector. During July of 1985 extensive measurements were taken using a PIC and a NaI scintillator with both analogue and digital readout for a wide range of exposure rates and at a variety of elevations. The surface soil was sampled at most of these locations and analyzed for 226 Ra. The response of the NaI detectors was shown to be highly correlated to radiation level but not to 226 Ra concentration or elevation

  9. THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL STATUS AND SOLIDARITY TO THE QUANTITY OF UTTERANCES IN JANE AUSTEN’S NOVELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Citra Suryanovika

    2018-03-01

    Fokus penelitian pada ujaran yang disampaikan oleh tokoh utama perempuan dalam enam novel Jane Austen. Penelitian bertujuan menelaah pengaruh status sosial dan solidaritas pada kuantitas ujaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 1,738 dengan rincian 266 ujaran Elinor Dashwood, 368 ujaran Elizabeth Bennet, 194 ujaran Fanny Price, 473 ujaran Emma Woodhouse, 113 ujaran Anne Elliot, and 324 ujaran Catherine Morland. Berdasarkan peringkat, status sosial tinggi Emma Woodhouse menghasilkan jumlah ujaran paling banyak, dibandingkan dengan lima tokoh lainnya, namun Fanny Price dengan status sosial paling bawah berada di peringkat kelima dari enam tokoh yang ditelaah. Telaah keakraban menunjukkan 66,7% jumlah ujaran dengan skala solidaritas tinggi, dan 33,3% ujaran dengan skala solidaritas rendah. Berdasarkan hasil analisa, dapat disimpulkan bahwa penentu kuantitas ujaran bukan hanya ditentukan oleh status sosial dan solidaritas karakter, tapi juga ditentukan oleh ketertarikan dan rasa penasaran. Kata kunci: Status Sosial, Skala Solidaritas, Ujaran, Jane Austen.

  10. Peranan Perfini Dalam Mengembangkan Perfilman Nasional Indonesia 1950-1970

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neneng Ridayanti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini menganalisis mengenai peranan Perfini dalam membangun dan mengembangkan identitias perfilman Indonesia pada 1950-1970. Seperti yang telah diketahui, identitas film yang dibuat di tanah air pada masa kolonial hingga pendudukan Jepang, memiliki cerita yang tidak jelas karena dianggap tiruan dari film Cina, Amerika, ataupun India. Pada awal  1950-an rasa nasionalisme rakyat Indonesia bangkit kembali.  Penduduk kota yang mengungsi ke desa-desa akibat perang, mulai kembali dan membutuhkan hiburan.  Hal ini, mendorong maraknya produksi film Indonesia.  Perusahaan film milik Tionghoa mulai bangkit kembali, begitupun dengan kaum pribumi.  Inilah merupakan awal dari pertumbuhan perfilman nasional di Indonesia. Dengan menggunakan metode sejarah diharapkan mampu mengurai dan mengidentifikasi posisi dan peranan organisasi ini dalam dunia perfilman Indonesia.

  11. Inclusion survey contractor implementation plan for fiscal years 1986-1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Espegren, M.L.; Carter, T.E.; Little, C.A.; Ramos, S.J.

    1987-03-01

    The Radiological Surveys Activities Group (RASA) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory acts as the Inclusion Survey Contractor (ISC) to the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The ISC investigates properties to determine whether the properties qualify for remedial action according to the standards set forth for the UMTRA Project by the US Environmental Protection Agency. The major work elements making up the ISC's activities are: consent form acquisition, land survey/drawing, inclusion survey, post-survey activities, survey report, file transmittal, and recommendation for a vicinity property to be included into or excluded from UMTRAP. The ISC will produce 2960 recommendations in FY 1988 for $3.98M

  12. ATTACHMENT PLACE: STUDI FENOMENOLOGI SPECIAL PLACE ANAK USIA DINI DI PAUD ISLAM DAN TK ISLAM DI KABUPATEN MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Mukhlis

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kelekatan tempat (attachment place pada anak usia dini. Berbeda dengan penelitian-penelitian sebelumnya, penelitian ini memfokuskan kajiannya pada tempat-tempat yang dianggap spesial (special place oleh anak di lingkungan rumah mereka. Metodologi fenomenologi dipilih untuk mengeksplorasi tujuan penelitian dalam dua tahap. Tahap pertama dilkaukan di sekolah dengan mendiskusikan buku dengan 13 peserta didik. Tiga anak yang paling aktif dan mampu berkomunikasi dengan baik diminta untuk menjadi partisipan pada tahap kedua yaitu kunjungan rumah. Dua tahapan penggalian data menemukan bahwa anak-anak memiliki banyak tempat yang dianggap spesial. Keberadaan tempat-tempat tersebut biasa digunakan untuk bersembunyi, meredakan emosi, bermain dan mengembangkan rasa otonomi diri.

  13. PENGGUNAAN ZAT ADITIF RAMSOL DALAM MENINGKATKAN MUTU GARAM RAKYAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahfud Efendy

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Garam merupakan benda yang sangat dibutuhkan oleh manusia dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Dalam pembuatannya metode tradisional belum mampu untuk memenuhi kebutuhan garam nasional non industri. Oleh karena itu adanya pengembangan teknologi yang tepatguna, efektif, efisien, serta ramah lingkungan mutlak diperlukan dalam membantu proses pembuatan garam. Adapun tujuan penelitiannya yakni  untuk mendapatkan teknik/metode yang tepat dalam mengaplikasikan zat aditif (ramsol yang telah beredar di masyarakat. Penelitian ini menggunakan zat aditif (ramsol produksi PT. Sumber Alam Niagamas Indramayu Jawa Barat dan air tua (20oBe dengan perlakuan: tanpa zat aditif (kontrol (R0; metode Indramayu (R1 dan metode Madura (R2 yang dilakukan pada rumah demplot beralas terpal plastik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa zat aditif garam (ramsol memiliki pengaruh dalam proses pembentukan kristal garam. Kualitas (bau, rasa, warna garam yang dihasilkan secara visual lebih bagus. Metode madura (colok merupakan teknik terbaik dalam menghasilkan garam Kata kunci: zat aditif, ramsol, mutu, garam rakyat

  14. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PERPUSTAKAAN MADRASAH DALAM PENERAPAN LITERASI INFORMASI UNTUK MEMPERSIAPKAN BELAJAR SEPANJANG HAYAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Rohyanti Zulaikha

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui bagaimana pengembangan model perpustakaan madrasah dalam penerapan literasi informasi untuk mempersiapkan belajar sepanjang hayat dan mengetahui bagaimana kemampuan belajar sepanjang hayat bagi para pemustaka. Metode penelitian ini adalah R&D dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Sampel sumber data dilakukan dengan cara purposive dan snowball, pengumpulan data digunakan metode triangulasi dan analisis datanya bersifat kualitatif dengan melakukan FGD. Proses analisis datanya menggunakan model Miles dan Huberman dengan analisis statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian pengembangan model perpustakaan madrasah ini terlihat dalam enam tahap (Task Definiton, Information Seeking, Location and access, Use of Information, Syntesis dan Evaluation yang diimplementasi di dalam RPP untuk bidang studi terkait (Bahasa Indonesia, Biologi, Fiqih dan PPMB dengan pengembangan layanan perpustakaan yang berbasis kepada pemustaka. Model perpustakaan yang “literate” terhadap informasi dapat menjadikan siswa menyenangi belajar, mengetahui bagaimana sejatinya cara belajar itu, menghargai bahwa belajar itu, rasa ingin tahu terhadap sesuatu menjadikan sikap “self directing” dalam belajar.

  15. Results of the radiological survey at 12 Frost Place, Albany, New York (AL178)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Espegren, M.L.; Marley, J.L.

    1987-12-01

    A number of properties in the Albany/Colonie area have been identified as being potentially contaminated with uranium originating from the former National Lead Company's uranium forming plant in Colonie, New York. Radiological surveys were performed at 27 properties by members of the Radiological Survey Activities (RASA) group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) during the period July 13-July 26, 1986. The property at 12 Frost Place in Albany, New York was the subject of a radiological investigation initiated July 22, 1986. The residential property consists of a two-story frame house located on a rectangular lot. An asphalt driveway connects the house to the street. The lot included in the radiological survey was /approximately/13 m wide by 29 m deep. 13 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs

  16. Inclusion survey contractor implementation plan for fiscal years 1986-1988

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Espegren, M.L.; Carter, T.E.; Little, C.A.; Ramos, S.J.

    1987-03-01

    The Radiological Surveys Activities Group (RASA) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory acts as the Inclusion Survey Contractor (ISC) to the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The ISC investigates properties to determine whether the properties qualify for remedial action according to the standards set forth for the UMTRA Project by the US Environmental Protection Agency. The major work elements making up the ISC's activities are: consent form acquisition, land survey/drawing, inclusion survey, post-survey activities, survey report, file transmittal, and recommendation for a vicinity property to be included into or excluded from UMTRAP. The ISC will produce 2960 recommendations in FY 1988 for $3.98M.

  17. Pediatric central nervous system vascular malformations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burch, Ezra A.; Orbach, Darren B.

    2015-01-01

    Pediatric central nervous system (CNS) vascular anomalies include lesions found only in the pediatric population and also the full gamut of vascular lesions found in adults. Pediatric-specific lesions discussed here include infantile hemangioma, vein of Galen malformation and dural sinus malformation. Some CNS vascular lesions that occur in adults, such as arteriovenous malformation, have somewhat distinct manifestations in children, and those are also discussed. Additionally, children with CNS vascular malformations often have associated broader vascular conditions, e.g., PHACES (posterior fossa anomalies, hemangioma, arterial anomalies, cardiac anomalies, eye anomalies and sternal anomalies), hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, and capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome (related to the RASA1 mutation). The treatment of pediatric CNS vascular malformations has greatly benefited from advances in endovascular therapy, including technical advances in adult interventional neuroradiology. Dramatic advances in therapy are expected to stem from increased understanding of the genetics and vascular biology that underlie pediatric CNS vascular malformations. (orig.)

  18. Pediatric central nervous system vascular malformations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burch, Ezra A. [Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Orbach, Darren B. [Boston Children' s Hospital, Neurointerventional Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

    2015-09-15

    Pediatric central nervous system (CNS) vascular anomalies include lesions found only in the pediatric population and also the full gamut of vascular lesions found in adults. Pediatric-specific lesions discussed here include infantile hemangioma, vein of Galen malformation and dural sinus malformation. Some CNS vascular lesions that occur in adults, such as arteriovenous malformation, have somewhat distinct manifestations in children, and those are also discussed. Additionally, children with CNS vascular malformations often have associated broader vascular conditions, e.g., PHACES (posterior fossa anomalies, hemangioma, arterial anomalies, cardiac anomalies, eye anomalies and sternal anomalies), hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, and capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome (related to the RASA1 mutation). The treatment of pediatric CNS vascular malformations has greatly benefited from advances in endovascular therapy, including technical advances in adult interventional neuroradiology. Dramatic advances in therapy are expected to stem from increased understanding of the genetics and vascular biology that underlie pediatric CNS vascular malformations. (orig.)

  19. Herbo Mineral Formulations (Rasaoushadhies) of Ayurveda an Amazing Inheritance of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhary, Anand; Singh, Neetu

    2010-01-01

    The one of the oldest system of medicine, Ayurveda is momentous in audience of worldwide on virtue of its holistic approach of life. Formulations of Ayurveda consist of substances of herbal, mineral/metal and animal origin which are processed pharmaceutical to have therapeutic effects. This is attribute of processes of Shodhan (purification/potentiation), Bhavana (impregation /levigation) and Marana (incineration/calcinations) of Rasa Shastra which acclimatize these toxic industrial matter to a effective remedies known as herbo mineral formulations (Rasaoushadhies) of Ayurveda. In recent past there is prevalence of some doubt on safety and efficacy of these medicines. In this review paper we tried to justify application of these medicines as these are time tested and showed wonderful clinical adaptability. We also attempted to establish new facts of figures of core science in explanation of these medicines. PMID:22557419

  20. Temperature and rainfall are related to fertility rate after spring artificial insemination in small ruminants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abecia, J. A.; Arrébola, F.; Macías, A.; Laviña, A.; González-Casquet, O.; Benítez, F.; Palacios, C.

    2016-10-01

    A total number of 1092 artificial inseminations (AIs) performed from March to May were documented over four consecutive years on 10 Payoya goat farms (36° N) and 19,392 AIs on 102 Rasa Aragonesa sheep farms (41° N) over 10 years. Mean, maximum, and minimum ambient temperatures, mean relative humidity, mean solar radiation, and total rainfall on each insemination day were recorded. Overall, fertility rates were 58 % in goats and 45 % in sheep. The fertility rates of the highest and lowest deciles of each of the meteorological variables indicated that temperature and rainfall had a significant effect on fertility in goats. Specifically, inseminations that were performed when mean (68 %), maximum (68 %), and minimum (66 %) temperatures were in the highest decile, and rainfall was in the lowest decile (59 %), had a significantly ( P goats and sheep.

  1. Penerapan Teknologi Virtual Reality pada Perangkat Bergerak berbasis Android untuk Mendukung Terapi Fobia Laba-laba (Arachnophobia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardhana Praharsana

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Fobia laba-laba adalah rasa kecemasan berlebih yang muncul ketika penderita merasa ada laba-laba didekatnya. Fobia laba-laba bisa disembuhkan dengan terapi. Terapi yang dilakukan bertujuan agar penderita terbiasa dengan ketakutan yang dideritanya. Terapi dilakukan dengan cara menempatkan penderita untuk bertemu dengan ketakutannya berulang kali, mulai dari yang tidak menakutkan hingga situasi yang sangat menakutkan. Proses terapi dapat disimulasikan dalam bentuk realitas virtual. Hasil pengujian aplikasi terapi fobia laba-laba yang menggunakan empat tingkat situasi ini dapat membantu pengguna untuk mengetahui seberapa takut mereka terhadap laba-laba yang sering dihadapi di d unia nyata dan juga dapat membantu terapis dalam melakukan penanganan lebih lanjut pada penderita fobia laba-laba.Pengembangan aplikasi kedepannya bisa dilakukan dengan mendalami tentang proses terapi fobia laba-laba, pembuatan objek yang lebih mendukung aplikasi fobia laba-laba, dan bimbingan rutin dengan terapis agar pengembangan bisa lebih efektif. 

  2. Choroid plexus papilloma in an adult ewe – a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose María González

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary neoplasms of the central nervous system have been rarely reported in sheep. A three-year-old Rasa Aragonesa ewe was admitted to the small ruminant external consultancy at the Veterinary Faculty of University of Zaragoza, Spain. Clinical, haematological and neurological examinations were performed. Neurological examination showed signs of ataxia, hyperextension of the right front limb and abnormal postural reactions. The animal was unable to stand and walk, even with help. Patellar and flexor reflexes were normal and superficial sensation was present but decreased. Humanitarian sacrifice was carried out one month later. Gross and histopathological findings revealed a choroid plexus papilloma located in the fourth ventricle of the brain. To the authors’ knowledge this is the first description of this neoplastic disorder in sheep.

  3. Efek Perbedaan Jenis Alpukat dan Gula Terhadap Mutu Selai Buah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inda Three Anova

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Avocado is a very popular fruit because it contains a lot of vitamins and minerals. It is more consumed in the form of fresh or juice at this time and is rarely treated into processed products. Avocado is easily decay in storage so that is necessary to be processed in order to keep the availability, for example by processing into jam. The making of jam generally use granulated sugar, however it can also use palm sugar. Palm sugar has a specific taste and flavor that can reduce the bitter taste of avocado. The study was conducted with a variety of treatments that used round green avocado (Porsea americana Mill and long green avocado (Porsea gratissima Gaertn with type of sugar, the granulated sugar and brown palm sugar. The resulted of jam then analyzed the moisture content, sugar content, soluble solids, ash content, fat content and level of panelists preference for color, aroma, flavor and microbiological testing. The results showed that the jam products that was made of round green avocado (Porsea americana Mill with the use of palm sugar was preferably for organoleptic of color, flavor, and aroma, with 31,18% water content, 50.19% sugar content, 68,82% dissolved solids, 0.63% ash content, 8.48% fat content, microbe contamination of total plate count < 10 col/g, coliform bacteria < 3 MPN /g, mold yeast < 10 col/g, and meet the Indonesian National Standard for fruit jam, SNI 3746:2008.ABSTRAKBuah alpukat merupakan buah yang sangat digemari karena banyak mengandung vitamin dan mineral. Selama ini buah alpukat lebih banyak dikonsumsi dalam bentuk segar atau jus dan jarang diolah menjadi produk olahan. Buah alpukat mudah sekali mengalami kerusakan dalam penyimpanannya sehingga perlu dilakukan pengolahan agar ketersediaanya tetap terjaga, misalnya dengan mengolah menjadi selai. Pembuatan selai umumnya menggunakan gula pasir, namun dapat juga mengunakan gula aren. Gula aren memiliki rasa aroma yang khas sehingga dapat mengurangi rasa pahit dari

  4. MEDIASI PENAL SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENYELESAIAN PERKARA PENCURIAN RINGAN (STUDI DI POLRES MALANG KOTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Hasudungan Hutajulu

    2016-02-01

      Key words: penal mediation, minor theft case, an alternative penal settlement   Abstrak Penelitian mengenai pelaksanaan mediasi penal pada tindak pidana pencurian ringan oleh Polres Malang Kota bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis digunakannya mediasi penal serta menganalisis pelaksanaan mediasi penal sebagai alternatif penyelesaian perkara. Adapun metode yang digunakan adalah yuridis sosiologis atau jenis penelitian hukum sosiologis atau penelitian lapangan. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh antara lain: Polres Malang Kota melakukan mediasi penal dengan alasan agar tercipta rasa keadilan terhadap para saksi sehingga masyarakat puas atas pelayanan yang dilakukan penyidik. Selain itu, langkah-langkah yang dilakukan dalam penerapan mediasi penal ini adalah mempertemukan para pihak, penyidik menyaksikan pengembalian barang yang dicuri oleh pelaku, membantu membuat surat kesepakatan bersama, menerima surat pencabutan perkara serta melakukan gelar perkara.   Kata kunci: mediasi penal, pencurian ringan, alternatif penyelesaian perkara

  5. Rancang Bandun Game Edukasi Dagang Jajanan Bali Berbasis Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anak Agung Putu Mahendra Putra

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Game bukan merupakan hal yang baru di Masyarakat Indonesia. Game yang berisi unsur edukasi sangat jarang ditemukan, apalagi game yang bisa memupuk rasa cinta terhadap kebudayaan Indonesia kepada para pemainnya. Jajanan Bali biasanya dibuat untuk keperluan hari raya agama hindu di Bali atau sebagai makanan ringan Masyarakat Bali. Game Edukasi Dagang Jajanan Bali dibuat untuk memberikan edukasi tentang resep-resep Jajanan Bali dimana memperkenalkan bahan-bahan umum seperti tepung, gula, kelapa, dan berbagai macam bahan lainnya tergantung dari jenis jajanan apa yang dibuat. Metode pembelajaran dengan menggunakan game merupakan salah satu inovasi dalam pengenalan jenis-jenis Jajanan Bali dan bahan-bahan umum yang dipakai dalam pembuatan Jajanan Bali. Game ini dibuat berbasis Android dengan menggunakan Corona SDK. Hasil dari kuesioner menyatakan 50% mendapat pengetahuan tentang Jajanan Bali yang terdapat dalam Game. Kata kunci: Android, Jajanan Bali, Game Edukasi

  6. Discrimination Of The Land Features In Al Hasa Oasi, Saudi Arabia, Using Color Ratio Technique On Land Sat Tm Data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Al Saud, M.B.M.

    2003-01-01

    Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data for Al Rasa Oasis area was processed for delineating characteristic land features represented mainly by sand dunes, sabkhas, cultivated land and urban areas using procedures that take advantage of distinctive spectral reflectance of these land features. The method employs a color ratio technique based on comprising different ratios 2/3, 2/4, 3/4, 3/5, 4/5, 5/6, and 5/7. A number of ratio triplets were processed using a three colored composite ratio. The ratio images (3/4,3/5,5/6,and 5/7) succeeded to distinguish the main land features in the studied arid region and generate detailed maps over wide area by using quantitative reproducible mapping criteria and helping in identifying the characteristics of the different land features

  7. PSIKOTERAPI TRANSPERSONAL DALAM KAJIAN ISLAM UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KESEHATAN MENTAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Fourianalistyawati

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penulisan artikel ini adalah mengkaji konsep psikoterapi transpersonal ditinjau dari kajian Islam untuk meningkatkan kesehatan mental pada individu. Psikoterapi transpersonal pada awalnya dikembangkan oleh tokoh psikologi humanistik antara lain Abraham Maslow, Ken Wilber, dan Charles Tart. Aliran ini menaruh perhatian pada dimensi spiritual manusia yang mengandung potensi dan kemampuan luar biasa, yang sejauh ini terabaikan dari telaah psikologi kontemporer. Pelaksanaan psikoterapi transpersonal sangat terkait dengan studi mengenai potensialitas tertinggi dari manusia dan pengalaman spiritual, serta adanya keyakinan terhadap zat tertinggi. Individu yang sehat secara mental dapat mengikuti atau melakukan suatu aktivitas dengan baik. Sebaliknya, individu akan mengalami hambatan mengikuti atau melakukan suatu aktivitas bila kesehatan mentalnya terganggu, seperti adanya: rasa cemas, sedih, marah, kesal, khawatir, rendah diri, kurang percaya diri dan lain-lain (Mandola, 2009. Melalui pembahasan ini dapat diketahui konsep psikoterapi transpersonal dalam kajian Islam, yang dapat dijadikan sebagai salah satu alternatif upaya meningkatkan kesehatan mental pada individu. Kata Kunci : Psikoterapi Transpersonal, Kajian Islam, Kesehatan Mental

  8. THE CONTRAST AND THE FUNCTION OF THE GENDER ALBANIAN TO ENGLISH LANGUAGE

    OpenAIRE

    Shkelqim Millaku; Xhevahire Topanica

    2017-01-01

    In Albanian and English language we have three kinds of gender: masculine, feminine and neuter. In Albanian language the concept for gender, is: “Gjinia është një nga kategoritë gramatikore më karakteristikë për emrat në gjuhën shqipe. Nga natyra e saj, ajo dallohet nga kategoritë e tjera të emrit, nga numri, rasa dhe nga kategoritë e shquarsisë dhe të pashquarsisë, sepse i kundërvihet mashkullore-femërore dhe asnjanëse...”[1]. This Albanian citation is possible to be the similary and within...

  9. THE GENDER OF COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

    OpenAIRE

    Shkelqim Millaku; Xhevahire Topanica

    2016-01-01

    In Albanian and English we have three kinds of gender: masculine, feminine and neuter. In Albanian language we have this concept for gender: “Gjinia është një nga kategoritë gramatikore më karakteristikë për emrat në gjuhën shqipe. Nga natyra e saj, ajo dallohet nga kategoritë e tjera të emrit, nga numri, rasa dhe nga kategoritë e shquarsisë dhe të pashquarsisë, sepse i kundërvihet mashkullore-femërore dhe asnjanëse...”[1], it’s same and with English: “a grouping of nouns and pronouns into c...

  10. PEMODELAN PROTOTYPE TRACKING DENGAN PEMANFAATAN GEOLOCATION SEBAGAI GPS (GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM BERBASIS WEB MOBILE PADA JASA PENGIRIMAN JNE SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ika Tri Meilani

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available JNE merupakan perusahaan yang bergerak dibidang pengiriman barang atau dokumen yang sangat maju, karena banyak dimanfaatkan berbagai toko online dalam melakukan pengiriman barang pada customer. Sementara itu, tingkat kejahatan dijalanan semakin meningkat di berbagai kota di Indonesia. Sehingga diperlukan antisipasi pengamanan pada sebuah pengiriman untuk meningkatkan kepercayaan customer dan memberi rasa aman pada bagian pengangkutan. Selain dari sisi pengamanan, tingkat efisiensi waktu dalam pengiriman dapat berpengaruh pada tingkat kinerja perusahaan. Maka diperlukan sebuah sistem yang mampu memonitoring pengangkutan dan melakukan estimasi waktu secara efisien dalam membatasi waktu pengiriman dengan memanfaatkan geolocation sebagai GPS dengan menggunakan metode prototype model. Maka dapat diambil kesimpulan bahwa Pemodelan Prototype Tracking dengan Pemanfaat Geolocation sebagai GPS dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai media dalam memonitor pengiriman barang secara visual (Map. Kata Kunci : Tracking, Jasa Pengiriman, Geolocation, Google Map, GPS.

  11. Neogene-Quaternary slow coastal uplift of Western Europe through the perspective of sequences of strandlines from the Cotentin Peninsula (Normandy, France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedoja, K.; Jara-Muñoz, J.; De Gelder, G.; Robertson, J.; Meschis, M.; Fernandez-Blanco, D.; Nexer, M.; Poprawski, Y.; Dugué, O.; Delcaillau, B.; Bessin, P.; Benabdelouahed, M.; Authemayou, C.; Husson, L.; Regard, V.; Menier, D.; Pinel, B.

    2018-02-01

    The Cotentin Peninsula (Normandy, France) displays sequences of marine terraces and rasas, the latter being wide Late Cenozoic coastal erosion surfaces, that are typical of Western European coasts in Portugal, Spain, France and southern England. Remote sensing imagery and field mapping enabled reappraisal of the Cotentin coastal sequences. From bottom to top, the N Cotentin sequence includes four previously recognized Pleistocene marine terraces (T1 to T4) at elevations 5e), sequential morphostratigraphy and modelling, we have reappraised uplift rates and derived: (i) mean Upper Pleistocene (i.e. since MIS 5e 122 +/- 6 ka, i.e. kilo annum) apparent uplift rates of 0.04 ± 0.01 mm/yr, (ii) mean Middle Pleistocene eustasy-corrected uplift rates of 0.09 ± 0.03 mm/yr, and (iii) low mean Pleistocene uplift rates of 0.01 mm/yr. Extrapolations of these slow rates combined with geological evidence implies that the formation of the sequences from the Cotentin Peninsula occurred between 3 Ma (Pliocene) and 15 Ma (Miocene), which cannot be narrowed down further without additional research. Along the coasts of Western Europe, sequences of marine terraces and rasas are widespread (169 preserve the MIS 5e benchmark). In Spain, Portugal, S England and other parts of western France, the sequences morphostratigraphy is very similar to that of Cotentin. The onset of such Western European sequences occurred during the Miocene (e.g. Spain) or Pliocene (e.g. Portugal). We interpret this Neogene-Quaternary coastal uplift as a symptom of the increasing lithospheric compression that accompanies Cenozoic orogenies.

  12. Seni Lukis Sebagai Refleksi Ketidakberdayaan dan Keterpinggiran Cokek

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    Sarnadi Adam

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini didorong oleh kerinduan peneliti pada Tari Cokek  sebagai bagian dari lingkungan budaya pada masa silam untuk menjadi inspirasi seni lukis. Setelah dilakukan studi literatur, observasi, wawancara dan pendokumentasian, ditemukan fakta, bahwa masyarakat pendukung Cokek telah semakin menurun, sehingga kesenian ini tidak berdaya untuk mempertahankan eksistensinya, ditandai dengan terpinggirnya Cokek dari pusat Jakarta ke Tangerang. Para pelaku Cokek mengalami dilema atau berada dalam pilihan yang sulit: untuk bertahan, penanggap telah semakin langka, sedangkan untuk beralih profesi mereka tidak memiliki keahlian lain karena kecintaannya pada Cokek. Dilema tersebut, khususnya pada problem ketidakberdayaan dan keterpinggiran Cokek, menjadi sumber inspirasi utama untuk menciptakan 7 (tujuh lukisan pasca penelitian. Adapun metode penciptaannya meliputi: eksplorasi ide, bentuk, dan teknik. Hasilnya, sebagai temuan penciptaan, adalah seni lukis dekoratif nostalgis, ialah seni lukis bercorak dekoratif yang mengaktualisasikan rasa rindu dan rasa iba pada Cokek sebagai bagian dari budaya Betawi masa silam yang kini semakin menghilang. This research is motivated by the longing of researchers at Cokek Dance as part of the cultural environment in the past to become an inspiration of painting. After the study of literature, observation, interviews and documentation, it was found that Cokek's supporting societies had declined, so that this art tradition was powerless to maintain its existence, marked by the marginalization of Cokek from central Jakarta to Tangerang. Cokek actors are in a dilemma or are in a difficult choice: to survive, the responders have become scarce, while to switch professions they have no other skills because of their love of Cokek. The dilemma, particularly on the powerlessness and marginalization of Cokek, became the main source of inspiration for creating 7 (seven post-research paintings. The method of creation includes

  13. PENGGUNAAN RUMPUT LAUT SEBAGAI STABILIZER ES KRIM SUSU SARI KEDELAI

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    Aviani Violisa

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The used of seaweed as stabilizing agent on the soymilk-based ice cream. The purpose of this study is to investigate the chemical, physical and organoleptic characteristics of soymilk-based ice cream, in which seaweed is used as a stabilizing agent. The results of this study showed that soymilk-based ice cream with seaweed at the concen­tration of 0.5% have the highest fat and protein contents, viscosity, and the longest melt-down rate. Ice cream with the concentration of 0.4% had the highest solid level, while the concentration of 0.3% produced the highest overrun of ice cream. For the hedonic-quality parameter, ice cream with the concentration of 0.5% had the highest of aroma score and soft texture, while at the concentra­tion of 0.3% had the highest sweet flavor. For the hedonic parameter, ice cream with the con­cen­tra­tion of 0.4% had the highest aroma and sweet flavor preference. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui sifat kimia, fisik, dan organoleptik es krim susu sari kedelai dengan rumput laut sebagai stabilizer. Hasil penelitian me­nunjukkan bahwa es krim susu sari kedelai dengan stabilizer rumput laut konsentrasi 0,5% memiliki kadar lemak tertinggi, kadar protein tertinggi, viskositas tertinggi, dan waktu meleleh paling lama. Es krim padatan tertinggi diperoleh dari stabilizer kon­sentrasi 0,4%. Overrun tertinggi terdapat pada es krim dengan stabilizer konsentrasi 0,3%. Hasil uji mutu hedonik, es krim dengan stabilizer konsentrasi 0,5% menghasil­kan aroma tertinggi dan tekstur paling lembut, sedangkan es krim dengan stabilizer 0,3% menghasilkan rasa termanis. Hasil uji hedonik, es krim dengan stabilizer kon­sen­trasi 0,4% memiliki nilai kesukaan aroma tertinggi dan kesukaan rasa tertinggi.

  14. KAJIAN: KHASIAT DAN KEAMANAN STEVIA SEBAGAI PEMANIS PENGGANTI GULA

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    Mariana Raini

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The increasing of diabetic prevalence encouraged scientists to discover sweetener  as sugar substitution. Stevia is a perenial shrub (known as Stevia rebaudiana of the aster family that has been used for hundred of years to sweetening. Stevia is a natural, non caloric, sweet tasting plant known for its pleasant sweet taste without leaving bitter aftertaste.  The leaves contain primarily stevioside and rebaudioside. Both have potential for  antihyperlicemic and blood pressure lowering effect. Besides its empirical long-use without any reported toxicity in Latin America and Asia, Japan also enhanced its widespread use. Negative side effects of Stevia has not been seen yet. Stevioside and rebaudioside are not genotocsic in vitro or in vivo in animal models and  the genotocicity of steviol and some of its oxidative derivats  in vitro are not expressed in vivo. (The study is an assessment derived from 30 of the report studies/review collected from international journals. The objective is to evaluate the biochemical, to study the effect and safety of stevia herb as well as to support  its use as sugar substitution particularly for diabetic patients.  ARTIKEL Abstrak Meningkatnya prevalensi diabetes mendorong para ilmuwan untuk menemukan pemanis sebagai pengganti gula. Stevia adalah semak perenial (dikenal dengan Stevia rebaudiana bagian dari keluarga aster yang te;ah digunaka selama ratusan tahun sebagai pemanis. Stevia alami, non kalori, tanaman yang dikenal dengan rasa manisnya tanpa meninggalkan rasa pahit jika dicicipi. Daunnya mengandung stevioside dan rebaudioside. Keduanya memiliki antihpyperlicemic dan berpotensi menurunkan tekanan darah. Efek samping dari stevia belum ada. (Penelitian ini merupakan penialaian yang berasal dari 30 laporan studi/review yang dikumpulkan dari jurnal internasional. Tujuannay adalah untuk mengevaluasi biokimia, untk mempelajari efek dan kemanan Stevia serta mendukung penggunanannya sebagai pengganti gula

  15. Kurutulmuş Sebzelerin Besin Değerleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma (İngilizce

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    Necla Çağlarırmak

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Beslenme hayat için elzem olan olgudur. Gıda prosesleri kurutma gibi çeşitli gıda işlemleri bazında geliştirilmektedir. Araştırmada kurutulmuş patlıcan, pırasa, karnabahar ve brokolinin besin değerleri mevsim ya da hava koşullarına bağlı olarak güneşte veya serada kurutulduktan sonra belirlenmiştir. Kurutulmuş patlıcanının araştırılan başlıca besin ögeleri ; tiamin (B1, riboflavin (B2, retinol (A, pridoksin (B6, askorbik asit (C, folik asit, magnezyum (Mg, potasyum (K, sodyum (Na, fosfor (P, Çinko (Zn, Demir (Fe ve Bakır (Cu'dır. Çalışmada kurutulmuş pırasa, karnabahar ve brokolide aynı bileşenler P ve Cu hariç ancak niacin ve Ca dahil olmak üzere saptanmıştır. Kurutma işleminin koşulları ısı, hava oksijeni ve gün ışığı gibi çeşitli fiziksel faktörlere maruz kalmaktadır. Araştırılan sebzelerin kuru maddelerindeki artış, kuru madde bazında besin öğelerinin konsantre olmasına neden olmaktadır. Çalışılan kurutulmuş sebzeler genellikle besin bileşenlerini koruduklarından beslenme düzeyine katkıda bulunmaları gerektir.

  16. Pengaruh Substitusi Tepung Pisang Terhadap Mutu Kue Kering

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    Sifia Silfia

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Banana (Musa paradisiaca is a highly nutritious fruit that is a source of vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates. Bananas are used as table fruit, smoked bananas, mashed bananas and banana flour. The purpose of this research was to extend the shelf life of banana which was processed into cookies. The research was conducted by treatment of comparison between banana flour and wheat flour, which is 100:0%, 80:20%, 60:40%, 40:60%, and 0:100%. The product was then analyzed the moisture content, ash, protein, and organoleptic test for taste, aroma, texture, and storage resistance. The results showed that comparison treatment of banana flour and wheat flour 80:20%, providing optimal results with 3.55% moisture content, 1.19% ash content, 14.25% protein, texture, flavor and aroma, and preferably keep hold more than 16 weeks.ABSTRAKPisang (Musa paradisiaca adalah buah yang sangat bergizi yang merupakan sumber vitamin, mineral dan juga karbohidrat. Pisang dijadikan buah meja, sale pisang, pure pisang dan tepung pisang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memperpanjang masa simpan pisang yang diolah menjadi kue kering. Penelitian dilakukan dengan perlakuan perbandingan tepung pisang dengan tepung terigu, yaitu 100:0%, 80:20%, 60:40%, 40:60% dan 0:100%. Produk kemudian dianalisis kadar air, abu, protein, dan uji organoleptik terhadap rasa, aroma, tekstur, dan ketahanan simpan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan tepung pisang dengan tepung terigu 80:20% memberikan hasil optimal dengan kadar air 3,55%, kadar abu 1,19%, protein 14,25%, tekstur, rasa dan aroma disukai serta ketahanan simpan lebih dari 16 minggu.

  17. Karakteristik Cumi-Cumi Analog dari Surimi Ikan Patin (Pangasius hypopthalmus dengan Menggunakan berbagai Jenis Pati

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    Theresia Dwi Suryaningrum

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Cumi-cumi analog merupakan produk olahan tiruan dari surimi yang memiliki tekstur elastis, warna putih dan rasa khas cumi-cumi. Penelitian pembuatan cumi-cumi analog dari surimi ikan patin (Pangasius hypopthalmus dengan menggunakan berbagai jenis pati telah dilakukan.Penelitian ini dibagi menjadi 2 tahap, yaitu tahap 1 berupa optimasi formula cumi-cumi analoguntuk mendapatkan tekstur dan warna seperti produk yang ditiru. Formulasi cumi-cumi analog didasarkan pada formulasi kamaboko dengan perlakuan penambahan karaginan (1% dan 5%, konjak (1,5% dan 2% dan pewarna putih (cloudy (1% dan 2%. Penelitian tahap ke 2 dilakukan untuk mempelajari pengaruh jenis pati yaitu tapioka, kentang dan sagu terhadap karakteristik cumi-cumi analog yang dihasilkan. Pengamatan dilakukan terhadap nilai gizi, sifat fisik dan sensoricumi-cumi analog yang dihasilkan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penggunaan kombinasi karaginan 1%, konjak 1,5% dan pewarna putih 2% menghasilkan tekstur produk yang elastisitasdan warnanya mendekati produk yang ditiru. Penggunaan berbagai jenis pati tidak berpengaruhterhadap nilai gizi dan pH, namun berpengaruh nyata terhadap sifat fisik cumi-cumi analog yang dihasilkan. Cumi-cumi analog yang diolah dengan pati sagu menghasilkan tingkat kekerasan dan elastisitas paling tinggi, namun derajat putih paling rendah dibandingkan dengan tepung lainnya. Sedangkan cumi-cumi analog yang diolah dengan pati kentang menghasilkan kekerasan,elastisitas dan daya menahan air yang paling rendah dibandingkan dengan perlakuan lainnya. Uji sensori menunjukkan bahwa cumi-cumi analog yang diolah dengan menggunakan pati tapioka menghasilkan warna, rasa dan tekstur yang lebih disukai panelis dibandingkan dengan tepunglainnya. Sedangk an cumi-cumi analog yang diolah dengan pati kentang menghasilkan kenampakan dan bau yang lebih disukai panelis, namun mempunyai tekstur dengan nilai kesukaan yang paling rendah.

  18. Ayurvedic approach in the management of spinal cord injury: A case study

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    Sarvesh Kumar Singh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Spinal cord injury (SCI is associated with consequences such as full loss of spinal movements, incontinence of bladder functions, bed sores, etc. There is no satisfactory treatment available in biomedicine with only limited treatments only for enhancement of spinal cord function. These treatments have many limitations. Ayurvedic drugs and Pancakarma procedures have been in use to treat such conditions since a long time. We present a case of SCI with lesion at C4 level which was treated for 2 months with an Ayurvedic combined intervention. The combined treatment plan involved Ayurvedic oral medications (Brhadvātacintāmaṇi rasa - 125 mg, Ardhanāgavātāri rasa - 125 mg, Daśamūla kvātha - 40 ml, Aśvagandhācūrṇa [powder of Withania somnifera DUNAL] - 3 g, Amṛtā [Tinospora cordifolia WILLD] - 500 mg, Muktāśukti piṣṭi - 500 mg and Trayodaśāṅga guggulu - 500 mg twice daily. Combined procedures involved such as śāliṣaṣṭika piṇḍasvedana (sudation with medicated cooked bolus of rice every day for 2 months and Mātrā basti (enema for first 15 days with Aśvagandhā oil. From 16 th day, Mustādi yāpana basti (MYB, enema with medicated milk was given for 16 days. After an interval of 7 days, MYB was further repeated for next 16 days. Substantial clinical improvement was reported after 2 months of the Ayurvedic treatment in existing neurological deficits and in quality of life.

  19. Critical Review of Rasaratna Samuccaya: A Comprehensive Treatise of Indian Alchemy

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    Dhirajsingh Rajput Sumersingh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Rasaratna Samuccaya (RRS a 13th century C.E. alchemical treatise, authored by Vāgbhaṭa, is a useful compilation related to preparation and properties of drugs of mineral and metallic origin. This text throws light on the state of Indian expertise in the field of alchemy regarding the extraction, purification, conversion of metals/minerals into therapeutically suitable forms, various instruments developed for alchemical purposes and treatment of numerous diseases by using herbo-mineral preparations. The present work is an attempt to summarize the key features of RRS to highlight its utility and contribution in the development of Indian alchemy. To study and summarize the important, comprehensive and specific points mentioned in RRS and to elaborate the contribution of RRS in the field of Indian alchemy. A critical review of RRS from Suratnojjvalā Hindi commentary by Ambikadatta Shastri was done and the collected information was compared with other available literature of Rasaśāstra. Research of modern science was also utilized to explore some facts mentioned by Vāgbhaṭa. RRS is a precise treatise among available ancient literature. It comprises of all eight branches of Ayurveda, although it mainly deals with therapeutic aspects of Rasaśāstra and emphasizes the use of metals and minerals in treating nearly 68 types of ailments. It contains 30 chapters, 3871 verses and detailed description of 960 formulations. Classification of metals and minerals; description of some new instruments, formulations and averting use of metals and minerals in pregnancy are the key features of RRS.

  20. Integrated analysis of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma identifies key variants and pathways linked to risk habits, HPV, clinical parameters and tumor recurrence [version 1; referees: 2 approved

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    Neeraja Krishnan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Oral tongue squamous cell carcinomas (OTSCC are a homogeneous group of tumors characterized by aggressive behavior, early spread to lymph nodes and a higher rate of regional failure. Additionally, the incidence of OTSCC among younger population (<50yrs is on the rise; many of whom lack the typical associated risk factors of alcohol and/or tobacco exposure. We present data on single nucleotide variations (SNVs, indels, regions with loss of heterozygosity (LOH, and copy number variations (CNVs from fifty-paired oral tongue primary tumors and link the significant somatic variants with clinical parameters, epidemiological factors including human papilloma virus (HPV infection and tumor recurrence. Apart from the frequent somatic variants harbored in TP53, CASP8, RASA1, NOTCH and CDKN2A genes, significant amplifications and/or deletions were detected in chromosomes 6-9, and 11 in the tumors. Variants in CASP8 and CDKN2A were mutually exclusive. CDKN2A, PIK3CA, RASA1 and DMD variants were exclusively linked to smoking, chewing, HPV infection and tumor stage. We also performed a whole-genome gene expression study that identified matrix metalloproteases to be highly expressed in tumors and linked pathways involving arachidonic acid and NF-k-B to habits and distant metastasis, respectively. Functional knockdown studies in cell lines demonstrated the role of CASP8 in a HPV-negative OTSCC cell line. Finally, we identified a 38-gene minimal signature that predicts tumor recurrence using an ensemble machine-learning method. Taken together, this study links molecular signatures to various clinical and epidemiological factors in a homogeneous tumor population with a relatively high HPV prevalence.

  1. A Cognitive Neural Architecture Able to Learn and Communicate through Natural Language.

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    Bruno Golosio

    Full Text Available Communicative interactions involve a kind of procedural knowledge that is used by the human brain for processing verbal and nonverbal inputs and for language production. Although considerable work has been done on modeling human language abilities, it has been difficult to bring them together to a comprehensive tabula rasa system compatible with current knowledge of how verbal information is processed in the brain. This work presents a cognitive system, entirely based on a large-scale neural architecture, which was developed to shed light on the procedural knowledge involved in language elaboration. The main component of this system is the central executive, which is a supervising system that coordinates the other components of the working memory. In our model, the central executive is a neural network that takes as input the neural activation states of the short-term memory and yields as output mental actions, which control the flow of information among the working memory components through neural gating mechanisms. The proposed system is capable of learning to communicate through natural language starting from tabula rasa, without any a priori knowledge of the structure of phrases, meaning of words, role of the different classes of words, only by interacting with a human through a text-based interface, using an open-ended incremental learning process. It is able to learn nouns, verbs, adjectives, pronouns and other word classes, and to use them in expressive language. The model was validated on a corpus of 1587 input sentences, based on literature on early language assessment, at the level of about 4-years old child, and produced 521 output sentences, expressing a broad range of language processing functionalities.

  2. Strategi Perancangan Mutu Ripe Banana Chip (RBC Berbasis Harapan Konsumen

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    Bambang Herry P

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Ripe Banana Chip (RBC, merupakan salah satu jenis kripik yang dibuat dari pisang masak. RBC dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknologi penggorengan vakum (vacum frying ataupun pembekuan (freezing. RBC pisang mas cukup banyak memiliki keunggulan dari nilai gizinya. Produk ini masih belum diketahui tingkat kesesuain mutunya dengan keinginan konsumen dilihat dari aspek fisik ataupun organoleptik. Tujuan penelitian ini agar dapat mengetahui rancangan mutu yang tepat untuk produk RBC pisang mas. Penelitian ini menggunakan tiga metode, diantaranya metode skoring, Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI, dan metode diagram tulang ikan. Hasil dari penelitian, yaitu : warna RBC dengan intensitas 5,56 (kuning dan skor 3,862 (suka ; informasi kemasan dengan intensitas 4,5 (setuju dan skor 3,534 (suka ; kenyamanan kemasan dengan intensitas 8,58 (nyaman dan skor 4,155 (suka ; keamanan kemasan dengan intensitas 8,15 (sangat aman dan skor 4,086 (suka ; ketebalan dengan intensitas 8,31(sangat tebal dan skor 1,604 (sangat tidak suka ; Oil dengan intensitas 4,86 (banyak dan skor 2,483 (tidak suka ; kerenyahan dengan intensitas 7,32 (keras dan skor 2,843 (cukup suka ; Easy of breaking dengan intensitas 5,17 (mudah dipatahkan dan skor 3,158 (cukup suka ; rasa manis dengan intensitas 7,89 (manis dan skor 3,208 (cukup suka ; rasa asam dengan intensitas 4,84 (agak asam dan skor 3,309 (cukup suka. Nilai CSI yang dihasilkan, yaitu sebesar 64% (puas. Strategi untuk meningkatkan mutu RBC diantaranya: mengurangi ukuran ketebalan bahan baku sebelum diproses; lebih dipertimbangkan lagi tingkat kematangan pisang; memberi pengarahan dan motivasi kepada pekerja; melakukan pengawasan saat produksi berlangsung; lebih memperhatikan keseragaman ukuran pisang, dan menggunakan alternatif lain dalam penirisan minyak, misalnya sentrifuse agar keberadaan minyak berkurang.

  3. PENDIDIKAN SEJARAH UNTUK MEMPERKUAT PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER

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    Said Hamid Hasan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Character education is an attempt to address the multidimensional crisis that is currently happening. This is done by instilling the values ​​in education. Curriculum Center formulate at least there are 18 values ​​of character education, namely religious, honesty, tolerance, discipline, hard work, creative, independent, democratic, curiosity, the spirit of nationalism, patriotism, recognize excellence, friendship / communicative, love peace, likes to read, care for the environment, social caring, and responsibility. In the history education, these values ​​can be integrated in the learning. History education has a role promote character education because it was strategically to establish character and civilization of the nation's dignity. It also serves to realize nationalism and patriotism. Strengthening the lessons of history as a character education can be applied starting from the goal, the implementation of learning, materials, and media sources up to the assessment.Keywords: character education, learning of history.Pendidikan karakter merupakan satu upaya untuk menangani permasalahan krisis multidimensional yang saat ini terjadi. Hal ini dilakukan dengan penanaman nilai-nilai dalam pendidikan. Pusat Kurikulum merumuskan paling tidak ada 18 nilai pendidikan karakter, yakni religius, jujur, toleransi, disiplin, kerja keras, kreatif, mandiri, demokratis, rasa ingin tahu, semangat kebangsaan, cinta tanah air, menghargai prestasi, bersahabat/komunikatif, cinta damai, gemar membaca, peduli lingkungan, peduli sosial, dan tanggung jawab. Di dalam pendidikan sejarah, nilai-nilai tersebut dapat diintegrasikan dalam pembelajaran. Pendidikan sejarah berperan dalam pendidikan karakter karena pelajaran Sejarah memiliki arti strategis dalam pembentukan watak dan peradaban bangsa yang bermartabat serta dalam pembentukan manusia Indonesia yang memiliki rasa kebangsaan dan cinta tanah air. Penguatan pelajaran

  4. Aspectos atuais sobre aminoácidos de cadeia ramificada e exercício físico Current aspects of branched chain amino acid and exercise

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    Marcelo Macedo Rogero

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Em humanos saudáveis, nove aminoácidos são considerados essenciais, uma vez que não podem ser sintetizados endogenamente e, portanto, devem ser ingeridos por meio da dieta. Dentre os aminoácidos essenciais, se incluem os três aminoácidos de cadeia ramificada, ou seja, leucina, valina e isoleucina. Esses aminoácidos participam da regulação do balanço protéico corporal além de serem fonte de nitrogênio para a síntese de alanina e glutamina. No tocante à regulação da síntese protéica muscular, verifica-se que a leucina age estimulando a fase de iniciação da tradução do RNA-mensageiro em proteína, por mecanismos tanto dependentes quanto independentes de insulina. No que concerne ao exercício físico, supõe-se que esses aminoácidos estejam envolvidos na fadiga central, no balanço protéico muscular, na secreção de insulina, na modulação da imunocompetência, no aumento da performance de indivíduos que se exercitam em ambientes quentes e na diminuição do grau de lesão muscular. Nesse contexto, essa revisão aborda os aspectos atuais do metabolismo e da suplementação de aminoácidos de cadeia ramificada no exercício físico.In healthy humans, nine amino acids are considered to be essential once they cannot be endogenously synthesised and must therefore be ingested in the diet. Amongst the essential amino acids are the three branched chain amino acids, namely, leucine, valine and isoleucine. These amino acids participate in the regulation of protein balance in addition to being nitrogen sources for the synthesis of alanine and glutamine. As to the regulation of muscle protein synthesis, leucine acts in the stimulation of initiation of mRNA translation into protein, both through mechanisms that are dependent and independent of insulin. In the physiology of physical exercise, these branched amino acids play a role in central fatigue hypothesis, in muscle protein balance, in the secretion of insulin, in the

  5. Composição química das sementes de Canavalia gladiata DC Chemical composition of seeds of Canavalia gladiata D.C.

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    Dayse Soave Spoladore

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Canavalia gladiata D.C., cultivar Vermelho, é uma leguminosa empregada como adubo verde, cujas sementes são ainda pouco utilizadas na alimentação. O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar a composição química de grãos de Canavalia gladiata D.C., cultivar Vermelho. As vagens apresentaram em média seis sementes, com peso médio de aproximadamente 5 gramas. Sua composição na matéria seca foi a seguinte: proteína bruta 29%, amido 37%, açúcares totais 7,5%, extrato etéreo 1,5%, extrato livre de nitrogênio 62% e fibras 6%. A fração protéica apresentou estes teores de aminoácidos essenciais: lisina 6,5%, histidina 4%, arginina 6%, triptofano 2%, treonina 6%, cistina 0,8%, valina 6%, metionina 0,5%, isoleucina 5%, leucina 9%, tirosina 2% e fenilalanina 5%. A composição química de sementes de C. gladiata evidencia seu valor potencial para uso como alimento.Canavalia gladiata D.C. is commonly used as a green manure crop and its seeds are still seldom used for feeding. The objective of this study was to determine the chemical composition of the seeds in order to evaluate its potential value as a food. The seed dry matter presented the following average composition: crude protein 29%, crude fiber 6%, starch 37%, ether extract 1.5%, nitrogen free extract 62%, and total sugar 7.5%. The aminoacid contents in the protein fraction were: lysine 6.5%, histidine 4%, arginine 6%, tryptophan 2%, treonine 6%, cistine 0.8%, valine 6%, methionine 0.5%, isoleucine 5%, leucine 9%, tyrosine 2% and phenylalanine 5%. The data indicated the seeds of C. gladiata have a potential value as a food, however they need a long cooking period to eliminate toxic compounds.

  6. COMPOSIÇÃO CENTESIMAL E PERFIL DE AMINOÁCIDOS DE ARROZ E PÓ DE CAFÉ

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    R. F. SILVA

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Esse trabalho teve por objetivo analisar a composição química média de farinha de quirera de arroz e pó de café obtido por torra tradicional (escura para possível utilização no preparo e melhoria do valor nutricional de derivados elaborados a partir da mistura dessas duas matérias- primas. As seguintes análises de composição química foram realizadas: umidade, lipídeos, proteínas, carboidratos, cinzas, fi bras, valor calórico e perfi l de aminoácidos. As análises de composição química demonstraram que existem diferenças para todos os componentes analisados nos dois alimentos, principalmente para lipídeos, carboidratos e fibras totais. O alto teor de lipídeos presentes no pó de café contribui para elevação do valor calórico do mesmo, os aminoácidos presentes na farinha de arroz, asparagina, glutamina, tirosina, valina, fenilalanina, isoleucina, leucina e prolina, foram superiores aos encontrados no pó de café; apenas o aminoácido lisina apresentou valor superior ao do arroz. Estes resultados mostram a possibilidade de, nos alimentos elaborados com pó de café e arroz, haver a complementaridade dos seus componentes, fazendo deste produto um alimento de boa qualidade, não somente do ponto de vista do valor protéico, mas também da incorporação de fibras na dieta e óleos essenciais presentes no grão de café.

  7. Divergência genética de milho transgênico em relação à produtividade de grãos e à qualidade nutricional

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    Bruna Mendonça Alves

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar a divergência genética entre genótipos de milho transgênico, em relação à produtividade de grãos e à qualidade nutricional. O experimento foi conduzido na safra 2009/2010, em Santa Maria, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, no delineamento blocos casualizados, com três repetições. Foram avaliados 18 genótipos e mensuradas as seguintes variáveis após a colheita: produtividade de grãos, proteína bruta, lisina, metionina, cisteina, treonina, triptofano, valina, isoleucina, leucina, fenilalanina, histidina, arginina, extrato etéreo, amido e amilose. Para cada variável, foi realizada a análise de variância e comparadas as médias por meio do teste de Scott-Knott. Foi determinada a matriz de coeficientes de correlação genotípica e realizado o diagnóstico de multicolinearidade. Foi determinada a matriz de dissimilaridade entre os genótipos por meio da distância generalizada de Mahalanobis, realizado o agrupamento dos genótipos por meio do método UPGMA e validado o agrupamento por meio do coeficiente de correlação cofenética. Foram comparadas as médias dos grupos por meio do teste t para amostras independentes. Há divergência genética entre os genótipos de milho transgênico. As variáveis amilose, extrato etéreo e cisteina foram, nessa ordem, as que mais contribuíram para a divergência genética. Com base na produtividade de grãos, proteína bruta, lisina, cisteina, triptofano, extrato etéreo e amilose, há quatro grupos de genótipos de milho transgênico

  8. Resistencia a la Hormona Tiroidea en dos familias colombianas. Identificación y caracterización de mutaciones en el receptor beta de la Hormona Tiroidea.

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    Paola Durán

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available La resistencia a la hormona tiroidea es un desorden genético autosómico dominante que afecta a 1 de cada 40,000 nacidos. Se caracteriza por una respuesta reducida de los tejidos blandos a la hormona tiroidea con incremento de niveles de tiroxina y de triyodotironina, sin inhibición de la hormona tirotropa, como consecuencia de mutaciones presentes en el receptor beta de la hormona tiroidea, particularmente en el dominio de unión a la hormona. El fenotipo clínico varía entre diferentes familias e incluso entre miembros de la misma familia. Generalmente, los individuos con Resistencia a la Hormona Tiroidea pueden presentarla de una manera variable en diferentes tejidos, debido a síntomas heterogéneos de hipotiroidismo e hipertiroidismo. Los síntomas más comunes son bocio, taquicardia, déficit de atención, alteraciones auditivas y retraso en el crecimiento óseo. Pacientes y Métodos. En este estudio se caracterizaron clínica y molecularmente dos familias colombianas con Resistencia a la Hormona Tiroidea mediante análisis clínicos y genéticos, utilizando la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa y secuenciación del gen del receptor beta de la tiroxina (TRβ. Resultados. Se identificó una nueva mutación no sinónima en el exón 8 del gen TRβ, la cual lleva al cambio de una valina por una leucina en el codón 264 (V264L. También, se identificó una mutación de novo en el exón 10 del gen TRβ que consiste en una deleción de una citosina en el nucleótido 1609 que lleva a un cambio en el marco de lectura y finalmente a un codón de parada en la posición 442 (1609delC. Conclusiones. En Colombia, no existen mutaciones reportadas hasta el momento asociadas a Resistencia a la Hormona Tiroidea. Es de resaltar que las mutaciones encontradas en Colombia son únicas de nuestro país, lo cual debe tenerse en cuenta para una correcta asesoría genética.

  9. Karakteristik Cookies Berbahan Dasar Tepung Sukun (Artocarpus communis Bagi Anak Penderita Autis

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    Dede Sukandar

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Tepung sukun (Artocarpus communis merupakan tepung yang bebas gluten sehingga baik digunakan sebagai alternatif dalam pembuatan cookies untuk anak penderita autis. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui tingkat kesukaan panelis terhadap cookies sukun dan berbagai formulasinya dibandingkan dengan cookies berbahan dasar tepung lain yang meliputi pengaruh penambahan bahan tambahan terhadap sifat kimia, fisika, daya terima cookies sukun, kadar kalsium dan fosforus cookies sukun, dan mengetahui cookies sukun tersukai memenuhi standar mutu cookies menurut SNI 01-2973-1992 atau tidak. Uji organoleptik dilakukan untuk mengetahui tingkat kesukaan dan penerimaan panelis terhadap cookies sukun dibandingkan dengan cookies berbahan dasar tepung lain (terigu, beras, sagu dan cookies sukun dalam berbagai formulasi. Parameter yang digunakan meliputi warna, aroma, tekstur, rasa dan penerimaan keseluruhan. Uji kadar kalsium dilakukan menggunakan spektroskopi serapan atom pada λ 422.7 nm dan kadar fosforus menggunakan spektroskopi UV-Vis pada λ 880 nm. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan analisis sidik ragam anova dan analisis Duncan. Cookies sukun memiliki penerimaan yang rendah dibandingkan cookies tepung lain berdasarkan penerimaan rasa dan penerimaan umum. Formulasi cookies sukun memperbaiki sifat fisik (aroma, rasa, warna, dan tekstur dan daya terima cookies sukun oleh panelis. Cookies sukun tersukai adalah formulasi 718 dengan bahan tambahan susu kedelai.  Mutu cookies sukun tersukai formulasi 718 sesuai dengan SNI 01-2973-1992 kecuali kadar protein yang masih rendah 8.05% dan terdapat kandungan tembaga dengan sebesar 1.56 ppm. Cookies sukun tersukai memiliki kadar kalsium dan fosforus tertinggi dibandingkan dengan tepung sukun dan cookies komersil untuk anak penderita autis sehingga cookies sukun tersukai sangat baik dikonsumsi oleh anak penderita autis. Kata kunci : Artocarpus communis, autis, cookies sukun, organoleptik, kalsium, fosforus

  10. PERBAIKAN KUALITAS PETIS KEPALA UDANG WINDU (Penaeus monodon DENGAN PENAMBAHAN TEPUNG ARANG KAYU GALAM (Melaleuca cajuputi powell, SEKAM PADI (Oryza sativa L DAN TEMPURUNG KELAPA (Cocos nucifera

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    Juhana Suhanda

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan waktu selama 4 bulan yaitu meliputi  pelaksanaan penelitian, analisis data, penyusunan laporan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuat petis sari kepala udang Windu yang berkualitas dengan penambahan tepung arang kayu galam, sekam padi, dan tempurung kelapa. Sedangkan kegunaannya adalah untuk menghasilkan petis sari kepala udang Windu yang dapat diterima dan disukai oleh konsumen. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimental dan dilakukan berdasarkan pola Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL dengan empat perlakuan yaitu A (tanpa penambahan tepung arang, perlakuan B (penambahan tepung arang kayu Galam 0,05%, perlakuan C (penambahan tepung arang sekam padi 0,05% dan perlakuan D (penambahan tepung arang tempurung kelapa 0,05%. Masing-masing perlakuan dilakukan 3 kali ulangan. Parameter yang diuji meliputi Uji Kadar Protein, Uji Kadar Air, Uji Kadar Abu, Uji Organoleptik yaitu rasa, warna, aroma dan tekstur. Penerimaan atau penolakan terhadap hipotesis didasarkan pada hasil Uji F (Analisis Sidik Ragam Dari hasil pengujian dan analisis keempat perlakuan tersebut untuk uji kadar protein yang tertinggi adalah perlakuan D (26,60%, uji kadar air terendah adalah pada perlakuan D (19,28% dan uji kadar abu terendah adalah perlakuan A (7,77%, tetapi antar perlakuan pada kadar abu tidak berbeda nyata sehingga dapat diartikan kadar abu pada tiap perlakuan tidak berbeda (tidak signifikan, sedangkan uji organoleptik untuk rasa, warna, aroma dan tekstur yang tertinggi adalah perlakuan D yaitu rasa (6,89, warna (7,31, aroma (6,48 dan tekstur (6,635. This research was conducted with time for 4 months which include the conduct of research, data analysis, report preparation. This study aims to make a paste shrimp head juice Windu quality with the addition of flour Galam wood charcoal, rice husk and coconut shell. While its use is to produce a paste shrimp head juice Windu acceptable and preferred by consumers. This study used an

  11. KONSELING PERNIKAHAN BERBASIS ASMARA ( As-Sakinah, Mawaddah, Wa Rahmah

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    Nur Ahmad

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Keluarga merupakan sistem sosial yang alamiah dan keluarga berfungsi membentuk aturan-aturan, komunikasi serta negosiasi diantara para anggota keluarga. Ketiga fungsi keluarga ini mempunyai sejumlah implikasi terhadap perkembangan dan keberadaan para anggota keluarga. Keluarga melakukan suatu pola interaksi yang diulang-ulang melalui partisipasi seluruh anggota keluarga. Sehingga strategi konseling pernikahan yang dibangun akan membantu terpeliharanya hubungan-hubungan keluarga harmonis As-Sakinah, Mawaddah, Wa Rahmah juga dituntut untuk memodifikasi pola-pola transaksi dalam memenuhi kebutuhan keluarga yang mengalami perubahan yang didambakan. Membangun Keluarga bahagia melalui pendekatan konseling pernikahan pada dasarnya merupakan upaya untuk memperoleh kebahagiaan dan kesejahteraan hidup baik lahir maupun batin. Keluarga dibentuk untuk memadukan rasa kasih dan sayang diantara dua makhluk berlainan jenis, yang berlanjut untuk menyebarkan rasa kasih dan sayang keibuan dan keayahan terhadap seluruh anggota keluarga. Namun apa yang didambakan, apa yang diidealkan serta apa yang seharusnya dalam kenyataan tidak senantiasa berjalan mulus sebagaimana mestinya. Kebahagiaan yang diharapkan semoga dapat diraih dari bahtera kehidupan berumah tangga dan bukan sebaliknya yang kerapkali dirasakan justru kesedihan. Kata kunci : konseling pernikahan, sakinah mawaddah wa rahmah   MARRIAGE COUNSELING BASED ON AS-SAKINAH MAWADDAH WA RAHMAH. The family is the natural and social system functioning family formed the rules, communication and negotiations between members of the family. The three functions of this family has a number of implications for the development and the existence of the family members. Perform a family interaction patterns that are repeated through the participation of all members of the family. So the marriage counselling strategy built will help the nurturing harmonious family relationships, As-Sakinah, Mawaddah Wa Rahmah is also required

  12. KAJIAN CIDER SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENGANEKARAGAMAN PRODUK KOPI Study of Cider as Alternative Product Diversivication from Coffee

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    Suharyono Apno Sugito

    2012-05-01

    , aroma,rasa, kejernihan, dan penerimaan umum. Cider kopi dengan skor penerimaan keseluruhan tertinggi dibuat dari kopi tanpa kafein, dengan penambahan gula 20 % dan kombinasi S. Ludwigii dan A. xylinum sebagai starter. Hasil analisis korelasi menunjukkan hubungan signifikan negatif antara pengurangan kadar gula dan aroma sari kopi. Hubungan yang bermakna positif ditemukan antara keasaman total dan aroma, rasa dan penerimaan keseluruhan cider kopi.

  13. Design, revision, and application of ground-water flow models for simulation of selected water-management scenarios in the coastal area of Georgia and adjacent parts of South Carolina and Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, John S.; Krause, Richard E.

    2000-01-01

    Ground-water flow models of the Floridan aquifer system in the coastal area of Georgia and adjacent parts of South Carolina and Florida, were revised and updated to ensure consistency among the various models used, and to facilitate evaluation of the effects of pumping on the ground-water level near areas of saltwater contamination. The revised models, developed as part of regional and areal assessments of ground-water resources in coastal Georgia, are--the Regional Aquifer-System Analysis (RASA) model, the Glynn County area (Glynn) model, and the Savannah area (Savannah) model. Changes were made to hydraulic-property arrays of the RASA and Glynn models to ensure consistency among all of the models; results of theses changes are evidenced in revised water budgets and calibration statistics. Following revision, the three models were used to simulate 32 scenarios of hypothetical changes in pumpage that ranged from about 82 million gallons per day (Mgal/d) lower to about 438 Mgal/d higher, than the May 1985 pumping rate of 308 Mgal/d. The scenarios were developed by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Protection Division and the Chatham County-Savannah Metropolitan Planning Commission to evaluate water-management alternatives in coastal Georgia. Maps showing simulated ground-water-level decline and diagrams presenting changes in simulated flow rates are presented for each scenario. Scenarios were grouped on the basis of pumping location--entire 24-county area, central subarea, Glynn-Wayne-Camden County subarea, and Savannah-Hilton Head Island subarea. For those scenarios that simulated decreased pumpage, the water level at both Brunswick and Hilton Head Island rose, decreasing the hydraulic gradient and reducing the potential for saltwater contamination. Conversely, in response to scenarios of increased pumpage, the water level at both locations declined, increasing the hydraulic gradient and increasing the potential for saltwater contamination

  14. Karakteristik Es Krim Bengkuang Dengan Menggunakan Beberapa Jenis Susu

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    Failisnur Failisnur

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Ice cream is a frozen dairy solid product with the addition of other materials that are made through the process of freezing and agitation. The principle of its making to form a cavity of air in the mixture of ice cream ingredients to produce a volume that made the development of the ice cream into a lighter, less dense and has a soft texture. The purposed of the research to see influence the use of a variety of milk to the physical properties, chemical properties and organoleptic to the bengkoang ice cream produced. Research carried out by treatment type of milk used that were fullcream milk, sweetened condensed milk, soy milk powder, green bean powder, and soy milk liquid. The ice cream produced was tested the physics of overrun and melting speed, chemical analysis of protein content, fat and organoleptic of taste and texture. Research results showed that the best treatment was the use of soy milk powder where the value of overrun 37.2%, melting speed 10.1 minutes, protein content 6.9%, fat 13.08%, and organoleptic of  taste and texture was preferred.ABSTRAKEs krim merupakan produk olahan susu beku berbentuk padat dengan penambahan  bahan lain yang dibuat melalui proses pembekuan dan agitasi.  Prinsip pembuatan es krim adalah membentuk suatu rongga udara pada campuran bahan-bahan es krim sehingga dihasilkan pengembangan volume yang membuat es krim menjadi lebih ringan, tidak terlalu padat dan mempunyai tekstur yang lembut. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk melihat pengaruh dari penggunaan beberapa jenis susu terhadap sifat fisik, kimia dan organoleptik es krim bengkuang yang dihasilkan.  Penelitian dilakukan dengan perlakuan  penggunaan susu fullcream, susu kental manis, susu kedelai bubuk, kacang hijau bubuk, dan susu kedelai cair.  Es krim yang dihasilkan dilakukan uji fisika overrun dan kecepatan meleleh, analisis kimia kadar protein, lemak dan uji organoleptik rasa dan tekstur. Hasil penelitan menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan susu kedelai

  15. Uso da proteção do complexo dentino-pulpar por discentes de odontologia

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    Daiane Casarin

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available A proteção do complexo dentino pulpar depende de vários fatores, dentre eles, a idade do paciente, a condição pulpar prévia e a profundidade da lesão cariosa ou mesmo do preparo cavitário. Os materiais utilizados para a proteção, por sua vez, devem ser biocompatíveis, ter capacidade de induzir a formação de dentina reparadora dentre outros requisitos. O objetivo deste estudo foi conhecer o material de proteção do complexo dentino pulpar utilizado pelos discentes de odontologia tanto em nível de graduação, bem como em nível de pós-graduação. A metodologia utilizada foi quantitativa observacional do tipo descritiva e não probabilística, a qual envolveu 125 estudantes do último ano de graduação em odontologia e cirurgiões dentistas cursando pós-graduação em Dentística Restauradora em centros de estudos da cidade de Passo Fundo. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de um questionário adaptado de Takanashi (4 e os resultados foram analisados descritivamente no Excel, sendo que para cavidades rasas 88,8 % dos profissionais usam técnica adesiva convencional, cavidades médias 60,8% também opta por técnica adesiva convencional, para cavidades profundas 50,4% usa Hidróxido de Cálcio e nos casos de exposição pulpar 59,2% faz uso de pó de Hidróxido de Cálcio. Pode-se concluir que o hidróxido de cálcio foi o material de proteção pulpar mais usado tanto nas cavidades profundas, bem como, nas com exposição pulpar, já em cavidades médias e rasas a maioria optou por técnica adesiva convencional.

  16. El verbum cordis formabile agustiniano y la imagen trinitaria en el hombre

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    Claudio Pierantoni

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza el concepto de «verbumformabile», que San Agustín discute en De Trinitate XV,xv,25. Esta realidad, presente a nuestra mente de modo inicialmente informe y, sin embargo, verdadero y real, es un verbo todavía silencioso, pero necesario presupuesto de aquella actividad interior, que es el pronunciamiento del verbum cordis, que es la palabra humana, ya en parte formada e inteligible, que nace de este verbo inicial informe, al contacto del hombre con el mundo real, mediante la actividad de la cogitatio. La generación del verbo en la mente humana, en efecto, exige, en lo interior del ser humano, no solo una mera y pasiva tabula rasa, sino una actualidad esencialmente inteligible, participación de la Verdad eternamente generada, aunque en nuestra visión, inicialmente indeterminada. El verbo de la mente humana no es, por tanto, el mero producto de la esencia finita del hombre, sino participación dinámica en la acción infinita que trae su origen de la actividad creadora de la Trinidad divina, y cuyo reflejo en el cosmos sensible se proyecta realmente, aunque de modo enigmático, en el maravilloso espejo interior de la mente.This work analyzes the concept of "verbum formabile", that Saint Agustine discusses in De Trinitate XV,xv,25. Such reality is present to our mind in an initially "formless", but nevertheless, true and real way: it is a "silent" word, but a necessary presupposition of that inner activity that is the pronouncement of the "verbum cordis", which is the human word, partly already formed and intelligible, that is born from that initial formless word, with man's contact with the real world, by the activity of the "cogitatio". In fact, the word's generation in the human mind needs, in man's interior activity, not a mere passive "tabula rasa", but an intelligible actuality, a participation in the eternally generated Truth, although initially undetermined to our vision. The word of the human mind is not

  17. Poder pastoral, acomodo y territorialidad en las Cartas Annuas jesuitas de Quito

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    Carlos Espinosa

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza las Cartas Annuas jesuitas entre 1586 y 1660 que hacen refe-rencia a la Audiencia de Quito. Esta fuente poco consultada se utiliza para son-dear las estrategias jesuitas de evangelización y el régimen de administración de sacramentos de la orden en Quito. El artículo propone que las estrategias de evangelización jesuita dieron un giro al pasar de un encuentro con la religión nativa que incluyó un interés en mitos prehispánicos y extirpación de idolatría a un enfoque tabula rasa que se centraba en la administración de sacramentos. El artículo atribuye este giro a la transferencia del Colegio jesuita de Quito de la provincia jesuita de Perú a la provincia del Nuevo Reino (Nueva Granada. El artículo contextualiza el encuentro jesuita con la cultura nativa y la operación del régimen sacramental con referencia al concepto de las dos evangelizaciones de Juan Carlos Estenssoro, la noción de poder pastoral de Michel Foucault y la idea de la confesionalización perteneciente a la historiografía de la modernidad temprana europea. The article looks at the Jesuit Annual Letters concerning the Audiencia of Quito between 1586 and 1660. This virtually unexplored source is employed to analyze the conversion strategies and sacramental regime of the Jesuits in Quito. The article contends that the Jesuit conversion strategies shifted from an early enga-gement with native religion that included an interest in native myths, and ex-tirpation of idolatry to a tabula rasa approach centered on the administration of sacraments. The article attributes this shift to the transfer of the Colegio de Quito from the Jesuit province of Peru to that of the New Kingdom (New Granada. The article contextualizes the Jesuit engagement with native culture in Quito and the operation of the administration of sacraments with reference to Juan Carlos Estenssoro’s notion of the two conversions as well as with reference to Michel Foucault

  18. Islamic eco-cosmology in Ikhwan al-Safa’s view

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    Muhammad Abdullah Darras

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to describe the root cause of ecological crisis happening atthe moment in terms of the cosmological-metaphysical views, by doing researchon the thoughts of a classical Muslim philosophical scientist group in 10th centuryAD called Ikhwan al-Safa’. To the author, Ikhwan al-Safa’ has a clear idea inviewing the universe holistically and intact as it is. Actually, this non-reductiveview was the typical main feature of medieval Islamic classical thought. However,the main reason of choosing the works of Ikhwan al-Safa’, especially their magnumopus Rasa>’il Ikhwa>n al-S{afa’> , in the research is that Ikhwan al-Safa’ has puta lot of attention on the “wisdom of universe” in the ontological and epistemologicalstructure of knowledge that were developed in their work. With the mainconcepts such Love of Universe and Soul of Universe, Ikhwan al-Safa’ have givena holistic vision about the wisdom of the universe and the wisdom of the environmentitself.Pengkajian dalam artikel ini bertujuan untuk menguraikan akar masalah terjadinyakrisis ekologi yang terjadi saat ini dengan berangkat dari titik pijak berdasarkanperspektif kosmologis-metafisik. Yakni dengan melakukan penelitian terhadappemikiran kosmologi kelompok keilmuan-filosofis muslim klasik abad ke-10 Myang bernama Ikhwan al-Safa’. Bagi penulis, Ikhwan al-Safa’ memiliki pemikiranyang jernih dalam melihat alam semesta. Yakni melihat alam secara holistik dan utuh sebagaimana adanya. Sebenarnya pandangan khas yang non-reduktif inimenjadi ciri utama pemikiran klasik Islam abad pertengahan. Namun pemilihanpenelitian terhadap pemikiran Ikhwan al-Safa’ –terutama dalam karya magnumopusnyaRasa>’il Ikhwa>n al-S{afa>’ ini, lebih disebabkan karena kelompok ini bagipenulis, telah menaruh perhatian yang sangat kuat terhadap “kearifan alam”dalam struktur ontologis dan epistemologis keilmuan yang dikembangkan dalamkarya mereka. Dengan menguraikan beberapa konsep utama

  19. Three new species of Scissurellidae (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia from the coast of Brazil

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    Pierre Ch. Montouchet

    1972-01-01

    Full Text Available A consultation of the original descriptions of the genera of Scissurellidae led the author to conclude that the valid names for the genera of this family are: Scissurella d'Orbigny, 1823 (redescription by Sowerby, 1824, Anatoma Woodward, 1859, Incisura Hedley, 1904, Scissurona Iredale, 1924, Sinezona Finlay, 1927. Scissurella and Anatoma are cosmopolites, the first generally living in shallow waters, associated to sea-weeds, while the second is found in deep waters. The three last genera are restricted to Australasia. Three new species are described from the Brazilian coast: Scissurella alexandrei, Scissurella electilis and Scissurella morretesi. The internal anatomy of S. alexandrei is described. These three new species have been found in littoral shallow waters, the two first on the northeast Brazilian coast, the third on the coast of the State of São Paulo. The fourth known species of Scissurellidae from Brazil, Anatoma aedonia (Watson, 1886, was dredged by H.M.S, "Challenger", in 1873, off Pernambuco, 350 fm (640 m.Pela leitura das descrições originais dos gêneros de Scissurellidae , conclue-se que os nomes válidos destes gêneros são: Scissurella d'Orbigny, 1823 (redescrição por Sowerby, 1824, Anatoma Woodward, 1859, Incisura Hedley,1904, Scissurona Iredale, 1924 e Sinezona Finlay, 1927. Scissurella e Anatoma são cosmopolitas; o primeiro encontra-se geralmente em águas rasas e associado a algas; o segundo habita águas profundas. Os três últimos gêneros são restritos à Australásia. Três novas espécies são descritas para a costa do Brasil: Scissurella alexandrei, Scissurella electilis e Scissurella morretesi. Da primeira foi estudada a anatomia interna. Estas três espécies novas foram encontradas em águas rasas; S. alexandrei e S.electilis provém de amostras de algas do mesolitoral inferior. Conhece-se uma quarta espécie de Scissurellidae para o Brasil: Anatoma aedonia (Watson, 1886, dragada em 1873 pelo 'Challenger

  20. Karakter Ideal Konselor Multibudaya Berdasarkan Nilai Luhur Semar

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    Nora Yuniar Setyaputri

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Nowadays a lot of counselor labeling their counselee which caused counselor’s lack of multicultural insights. Labeling may have a poor impact on the counselor’s decision in selecting counseling intervention strategies. The multicultural insights of counselors must be enhanced by building an ideal character in themselves. This ideal character is concerned with the understanding and behavior of counselors to respond the condition of heterogeneous counselees and how high the curiosity, interest and motivation of counselors to constantly add multicultural insights that they have. The noble values contained within Semar can be attributed to how the ideal character of multicultural counselors. This study aims to explain the ideal character of multicultural counselor taken from the noble value of Semar as well as linking the character with multicultural competence of counselor. This research uses qualitative approach of library research type. The ideal characteristics of multicultural counselors that can be formulated include: (1 religious; (2 neutral; (3 tolerance; (4 sincere; (5 discipline; (6 social care; (7 friendly; (8 fair; (9 honest; (10 supple; (11 democratic; and (12 curiosity. Abstrak: Saat ini banyak konselor yang melakukan pelabelan karena kurangnya wawasan multibudaya konselor tersebut. Pelabelan yang dilakukan oleh konselor ini dapat berdampak kurang baik terhadap pemilihan strategi intervensi konselor terhadap konselinya. Wawasan multibudaya yang dimiliki konselor harus ditingkatkan dengan cara membangun karakter yang ideal pada diri mereka. Karakter ideal ini berkaitan dengan pemahaman dan perilaku konselor untuk menyikapi kondisi konseli yang heterogen serta seberapa tinggi rasa ingin tahu, minat maupun motivasi konselor untuk senantiasa menambah wawasan multibudaya yang mereka miliki. Nilai-nilai luhur yang terdapat di dalam diri Semar dapat dikaitkan dengan bagaimana karakter ideal konselor multibudaya. Penelitian ini

  1. Hydrogeologic setting, conceptual groundwater flow system, and hydrologic conditions 1995–2010 in Florida and parts of Georgia, Alabama, and South Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellino, Jason C.; Kuniansky, Eve L.; O'Reilly, Andrew M.; Dixon, Joann F.

    2018-05-04

    The hydrogeologic setting and groundwater flow system in Florida and parts of Georgia, Alabama, and South Carolina is dominated by the highly transmissive Floridan aquifer system. This principal aquifer is a vital source of freshwater for public and domestic supply, as well as for industrial and agricultural uses throughout the southeastern United States. Population growth, increased tourism, and increased agricultural production have led to increased demand on groundwater from the Floridan aquifer system, particularly since 1950. The response of the Floridan aquifer system to these stresses often poses regional challenges for water-resource management that commonly transcend political or jurisdictional boundaries. To help water-resource managers address these regional challenges, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Water Availability and Use Science Program began assessing groundwater availability of the Floridan aquifer system in 2009.The current conceptual groundwater flow system was developed for the Floridan aquifer system and adjacent systems partly on the basis of previously published USGS Regional Aquifer-System Analysis (RASA) studies, specifically many of the potentiometric maps and the modeling efforts in these studies. The Floridan aquifer system extent was divided into eight hydrogeologically distinct subregional groundwater basins delineated on the basis of the estimated predevelopment (circa 1880s) potentiometric surface: (1) Panhandle, (2) Dougherty Plain-Apalachicola, (3) Thomasville-Tallahassee, (4) Southeast Georgia-Northeast Florida-South South Carolina, (5) Suwannee, (6) West-central Florida, (7) East-central Florida, and (8) South Florida. The use of these subregions allows for a more detailed analysis of the individual basins and the groundwater flow system as a whole.The hydrologic conditions and associated groundwater budget were updated relative to previous RASA studies to include additional data collected since the 1980s and to reflect the

  2. Pengaruh Penambahan Susu Bubuk Fullcream Terhadap Mutu Produk Minuman Fermentasi dari Ekstrak Ubi Jalar Merah (Ipomoea batatas L

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    Novelina Novelina

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to find exact volume of fullcream milk powder which added in the fermented beverage of red sweet potatoes extract (Ipomoea batatas L, as well as to investigate physical and chemical characteristics, and organoleptic. So it was obtained the fermented beverages which fulfilled the quality requirements of yogurt according to SNI 01- 2981-1992. Analysis was conducted on total Lactobacillus, total plates count, total lactic acid, pH, total solids, viscosity, and fat content. Organoleptic test of the color, texture, flavor, consistency, and taste was also carried out. The best product was analyzed for the chemical properties such as protein content, ash and crude fiber. The design used in this study was completely randomized design (CRD with four treatments of fullcream milk powder addition 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% respectively with 3 replications. The organoleptic test of the most preferred by the panelists was a fermented beverage with the addition of 10% fullcream milk powder. This product contained Lactobacillus total; 7.3 x 108 CFU/ml, total plate count; 1.4 x 107 CFU/ml, total lactic acid; 1.56%, pH; 4.42, total solids; 25.62%, viscosity; 25.5 dPa.s, fat content; 3.4%, protein content; 6.34%, ash content; 0.11%, and crude fiber content; 0.17%.ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jumlah penambahan susu bubuk fullcream yang tepat pada minuman fermentasi ekstrak ubi jalar merah (Ipomoea batatas L, sertakarakteristik fisik, kimia dan organoleptik, sehingga diperoleh minuman fermentasi dariekstrak ubi jalar merah yang memenuhi persyaratan mutu yogurt menurut SNI 01 - 2.981- 1.992. Analisis dilakukan pada total Lactobacillus, angka lempeng total, asam laktat total, pH, total padatan, viskositas, kadar lemak dan organoleptik warna ,tekstur, rasa, konsistensi, rasa. Produk terbaik yang didapatkan dianalis sifat kimia seperti kadar protein, abu dan serat kasar. Rancangan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah rancangan

  3. Pengaruh Substitusi Tepung Pisang pada Pembuatan Brownies terhadap Sifat Kimia dan Penerimaan Organoleptik

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    Sifia Silfia

    2012-12-01

    , protein, dan uji organoleptik terhadap rasa, aroma, dan tekstur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pembuatan brownies pisang memberikan hasil yang optimal pada perlakuan penggunaan tepung pisang 75% dengan kadar serat kasar 1.88%, kadar air 38.01%, protein 12.09%, tekstur, rasa, dan aroma disukai panelis.

  4. KOMUNIKASI ANTARPERSONA ANAK DENGAN ORANGTUA DALAM MENCEGAH KEKERASAN

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    Dedeh Fardiah

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The family becomes the starting place for a child's growth. Therefore, the family needs to provide the process of education and a sense of security in children. This is understandable because currently the graph of violence against children the number tends to rise from year to year. The problem of violence is a phenomenon of icebergs, in fact not all victims of violence often report their cases for various reasons. Based on the results of the author's research, communication made by parents in preventing violence in children gives an idea that communication between parents parent to child has contributed to the process of preventing violence in children. On the other hand, interpersonal communication between the child and the parent needs to be done to see the whole family communication in preventing violence that occurs in the child. Based on the phenomenon described it is interesting to examine how: "Communication Antarpersona Children with Parents in Preventing Violence?" This research uses descriptive method conducted in 3 (three public schools in the city of Bandung with the number of samples of 100 people. Samples taken as respondents were taken through cluster sampling technique from 51 junior high schools in Bandung. The results showed that openness and mutual support of children to parents is still not optimal, but on the other hand the problem of empathy is quite deep, as well as with a sense of positive and mutual appreciation is very strong.   Keluarga menjadi tempat awal tumbuh kembang seorang anak. Oleh karena itu, keluarga perlu memberikan proses pendidikan dan rasa aman pada anak. Hal ini bisa dipahami karena saat ini grafik kekerasan terhadap anak angkanya cenderung naik dari tahun ke tahun. Masalah kekerasan merupakan fenomena gunung es, faktanya seringkali tidak semua korban kekerasan mau melaporkan kasusnya dengan berbagai alasan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian penulis, komunikasi yang dilakukan oleh orangtua dalam mencegah

  5. MiR-223 suppresses cell proliferation by targeting IGF-1R.

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    Cheng You Jia

    Full Text Available To study the roles of microRNA-223 (miR-223 in regulation of cell growth, we established a miR-223 over-expression model in HeLa cells infected with miR-223 by Lentivirus pLL3.7 system. We observed in this model that miR-223 significantly suppressed the proliferation, growth rate, colony formation of HeLa cells in vitro, and in vivo tumorigenicity or tumor formation in nude mice. To investigate the mechanisms involved, we scanned and examined the potential and putative target molecules of miR-223 by informatics, quantitative PCR and Western blot, and found that insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R was the functional target of miR-223 inhibition of cell proliferation. Targeting IGF-1R by miR-223 was not only seen in HeLa cells, but also in leukemia and hepatoma cells. The downstream pathway, Akt/mTOR/p70S6K, to which the signal was mediated by IGF-1R, was inhibited as well. The relative luciferase activity of the reporter containing wild-type 3'UTR(3'untranslated region of IGF-1R was significantly suppressed, but the mutant not. Silence of IGF-1R expression by vector-based short hairpin RNA resulted in the similar inhibition with miR-223. Contrarily, rescued IGF-1R expression in the cells that over-expressed miR-223, reversed the inhibition caused by miR-223 via introducing IGF-1R cDNA that didn't contain the 3'UTR. Meanwhile, we also noted that miR-223 targeted Rasa1, but the downstream molecules mediated by Rasa1 was neither targeted nor regulated. Therefore we believed that IGF-1R was the functional target for miR-223 suppression of cell proliferation and its downstream PI3K/Akt/mTOR/p70S6K pathway suppressed by miR-223 was by targeting IGF-1R.

  6. Strategi Pemasaran Agroindustri Keripik Tempe di Desa Buluh Rampai Kecamatan Seberida Kabupaten Indragiri Hulu

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    Nirmala Sari

    2016-03-01

    , pengusaha memiliki pengalaman panjang, produk ini cukup menarik untuk semua orang, dan produk tidak menggunakan pengawet. Kelemahan: Produk ini dapat dengan mudah rusak dan hancur, kemasan menggunakan pembungkus sederhana, pemasaran produk belum keluar Indragiri Hulu, dan promosi masih terbatas. Faktor eksternal meliputi: Peluang: produk yang sudah terkenal, produk yang dapat bersaing dengan produk sejenis, pasar masih terbuka lebar, pameran dan promosi peluang. Ancaman; Banyak pesaing dari produk sejenis, permintaan pasar berfluktuasi, dan keterbatasan informasi pasar dan strategi pemasaran Agroindustri keripik tempe Dua Putri adalah untuk mempertahankan pasar yang sudah ada dan mencari pasar baru termasuk pameran, pameran yang ada untuk meningkatkan keterampilan mereka dalam menyediakan produk-produk dengan rasa layak gizi, membuat kemasan lebih menarik untuk mencapai pemasaran produk dalam dan di luar kabupaten, meningkatkan rasa dan kualitas dan memaksimalkan promosi, mencari saluran pemasaran alternatif. Kata kunci: strategi, konsumen, pemasaran, SWOT

  7. LA REFORESTACION CON QUEBRACHO COLORADO Y ALGUNAS NORMAS SILVICOLAS RELACIONADAS CON SU APROVECHAMIENTO RACIONAL

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    José Antonio Valentini

    1960-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo se relaciona con la reforestación artificialdel quebracho colorado chaqueño, en la zona húmeda del parque chaqueño y las posibilidades de regeneración natural de sus masas, estableciéndose la etapa de la hidrosere más conveniente para su instalación.Se determinan, en base a experiencias recientes, realizadas en establecimientos dependientes de la Administración Nacional de Bosques, los métodos silvícolas más convenientes para su conducción, cortas a clareos sucesivos y tala rasa en fajas alternas, siendo necesaria en la mayoría de los casos, la repoblación por siembra directa o plantación, por falta de portagranos.Los factores limitantes del desarrollo de los quebrachales másimportantes son: las quemas de los campos, el ramoneo y pisoteo de los animales y las heladas y los golpes de sol

  8. Seasonal variations of melatonin in ram seminal plasma are correlated to those of testosterone and antioxidant enzymes

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    Muiño-Blanco Teresa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Some breeds of sheep are highly seasonal in terms of reproductive capability, and these changes are regulated by photoperiod and melatonin secretion. These changes affect the reproductive performance of rams, impairing semen quality and modifying hormonal profiles. Also, the antioxidant defence systems seem to be modulated by melatonin secretion, and shows seasonal variations. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of melatonin and testosterone in ram seminal plasma and their variations between the breeding and non-breeding seasons. In addition, we analyzed the possible correlations between these hormones and the antioxidant enzyme defence system activity. Methods Seminal plasma from nine Rasa Aragonesa rams were collected for one year, and their levels of melatonin, testosterone, superoxide dismutase (SOD, glutathione reductase (GRD, glutathione peroxidase (GPX and catalase (CAT were measured. Results All samples presented measurable quantities of hormones and antioxidant enzymes. Both hormones showed monthly variations, with a decrease after the winter solstice and a rise after the summer solstice that reached the maximum levels in October-November, and a marked seasonal variation (P Conclusions These results show the presence of melatonin and testosterone in ram seminal plasma, and that both hormones have seasonal variations, and support the idea that seasonal variations of fertility in the ram involve interplay between melatonin and the antioxidant defence system.

  9. El mono gramático y el sabio alquimista. Algunas reflexiones en torno a la poética de Octavio Paz en El Mono Gramático

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    Óscar Pujol

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es una comparación entre la poética de Octavio Paz en El Mono Gramático y un autor indio del siglo XI Abhinavagupta, a quien llamamos el Sabio Alquimista en referencia a la teoría india de la emoción estética: el rasa. Una idea subyacente en ambos autores es que el lenguaje ordinario enmascara la realidad, mientras que el lenguaje poético se resuelve en una abolición de la escritura que nos enfrenta a una realidad indecible. Se comparan un total de seis características distintas y se llega a la conclusión que la mayor discrepancia entre ambos autores es la naturaleza de esa realidad innombrable que revela la poesía. Para el autor indio se trata de una realidad inefable y gozosa: la conciencia pura. Para Paz es una realidad insoportable y enloquecedora, aunque al mismo tiempo fascinante. La diferencia es cultural, pues la tradición india adora a esa realidad innombrable mientras que la modernidad occidental desconfía de un absoluto inmensurable e impositivo. En este sentido Paz ejemplifica el dilema del hombre moderno: angustia ante esa realidad anterior al lenguaje, pero también una fascinación que busca en el arte y la poesía su modo último de expresión.

  10. KONTRIBUSI SELF CONCEPT MATEMATIS DAN MATHEMATICS ANXIETY TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR MAHASISWA

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    Aan Subhan Pamungkas

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini mengkaji hubungan antara self concept dan kecemasan matematika dengan hasil belajar mahasiswa tingkat awal. Penelitian ini didasari oleh sebagian besar mahasiswa awal program studi pendidikan matematika masih merasa cemas ketika berhadapan dengan persoalan matematika dalam mata kuliah kalkulus I, selain itu dilihat dari performa mahasiswa ketika menyelesaikan persoalan matematika timbulnya rasa tidak pecaya diri atas kemampuan yang dimilikinya. Sehingga ketika akan menyelesaikan persoalan mahasiswa selalu bergantung kepada temannya, dengan tujuan memperoleh keyakinan atas jawabannya. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode korelasional, metode ini digunakan untuk melihat seberapa kuat dan seberapa besar pengaruh self concept dan kecemasan matematika dengan hasil belajar mahasiswa. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh mahasiswa program studi pendidikan matematika tahun akademik 2013/2014, sampel penelitian diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling sebanyak 88 mahasiswa yang mengontrak mata kuliah Kalkulus I. Instrument yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah skala self concept matematis dan skala kecemasan matematika. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang positif antara self concept dan kecemasan terhadap matematika dengan hasil belajar mahasiswa.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22342/jpm.9.1.2191.01 - 10

  11. KEEFEKTIFAN PELAKSANAAN PRINSIP PENDIDIKAN SISTEM GANDA SMKN 1 PANGKALAN KERINCI DAN SMKN 1 UKUI KABUPATEN PELALAWAN

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    Rika Ariani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keefektifan pelaksanaan prinsip Pendidikan Sistem Ganda (PSG di SMKN 1 Pangkalan Kerinci dan SMKN 1 Ukui ditinjau dari sisi (1 konteks, (2 input, (3 proses dan (4 produk/hasil. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah studi evaluasi dengan analisis deskriptif kuantitatif, dengan menggunakan metode CIPP (Context, Input, Process, Product dari Stufflebeam. Subyek penelitian adalah kepala sekolah, wakil kepala sekolah urusan Dunia Usaha dan Industri (Humas, wakil kepala sekolah urusan kurikulum, ketua jurusan masing-masing prodi, guru, dan 123 siswa yang telah melaksanakan PSG untuk jurusanTeknik Komputer Jaringan, Teknik Sepeda Motor, dan Teknik Kendaraan Bermotor. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara, observasi, dan kuesioner. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan dari sisi (1 konteks: organisasi pelaksana/manajemen program pelaksanaan PSG sudah terstruktur, relevansi program PSG sudah cukup relevan dengan skill dan jurusan siswa, dan secara keseluruhan variable konteks ini sangat efektif, (2 input: pengelolaan peserta pelaksana PSG, tenaga kependidikan, kurikulum, sarana dan prasarana PSG, dan pembiayaan PSG telah terkelola dengan baik, dan variabel input sudah efektif, (3 proses: proses persiapan pelaksanaan PSG di sekolah sudah terorganisir dengan baik, namum proses pelaksanaan PSG oleh siswa pada Dunia Usaha dan Dunia Industri tidak terlaksana sepenuhnya seperti yang telah diprogramkan, dan pada umumnya variabel proses sudah efektif, (4 aspek hasil kemanfaatan pelaksanaan PSG telah meningkatkan rasa percaya diri siswa dalam menghadapi Ujian Nasional dan meningkatkan kemampuan siswa dibidangnya dan variabel produk sangat efektif.

  12. Aplikasi Ekstrak Daun Sirih (Piper Betle Linn dalam Menghambat Oksidasi Lemak Jambal Patin (Pangasius hypophthalmus

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    Farida Ariyani

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian aplikasi ekstrak daun sirih (Piper betle Linn untuk menghambat proses oksidasi jambal patin telah dilakukan. Percobaan dilakukan dengan penambahan ekstrak daun sirih (Piper betle Linn dalam larutan garam yang digunakan untuk penggaraman ikan. Perbandingan ekstrak daun sirih dan larutan garam yang digunakan adalah 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, 1:5 (v/v, sedangkan larutan garam tanpa penambahan ekstrak daun sirih digunakan sebagai kontrol. Selesai perendaman dalam campuran larutan garam dan ekstrak sirih (48 jam, patin asin dikeringkan di bawah sinar matahari selama 4–5 hari, selanjutnya disimpan pada suhu ruang (25-32oC selama 8 minggu. Perubahan mutu jambal patin dimonitor secara organoleptik dan kimiawi (angka Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/TBARS, angka anisidin, dan produk berfluoresen, sebelum jambal patin kering disimpan dan setiap 2 minggu selama penyimpanan. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa penambahan ekstrak daun sirih pada larutan garam selama penggaraman mampu menghambat oksidasi lemak jambal patin selama penyimpanan 8 minggu tercermin dari rendahnya angka TBARS, anisidin, dan produk berfluoresen jambal patin yang diperlakukan dengan daun sirih dibanding dengan kontrol. Berdasarkan hasil uji sensori, jambal patin yang diberi ekstrak air daun sirih tidak berbau tengik, walaupun warna dan rasa jambal patin sedikit berubah. Perlakuan ekstrak sirih yang mampu menghambat oksidasi lemak jambal patin dengan nilai sensori terbaik adalah kelompok perlakuan ekstrak daun sirih dengan perbandingan 1:5 (v/v.

  13. Evaluation of antioxidant and radioprotective property of the Jivanti plant, a well-known Rasayana in Ayurveda

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pandey, Sugandha; Hanuma Kumar, Ghali E.N.; Maurya, Dharmendra Kumar

    2017-01-01

    Jivanti is a well-known Rasayana in Ayurveda and is being used as an ingredient in various formulations like Jivantadya Gharita, Jivatayadi rasa, Jivantayaditaila, Ashwagandhadi Gharita, Anuthaila, Chandanadithaila which are used in various diseases. Jivanti has been claimed to be useful as galactagogue, antibacterial, lactogenic, hypotensive, restorative, tonic and hypoglycaemic activity. In this study we have isolated aqueous crude extract of Jivanti powder and was evaluated for the presence of different phytochemicals using various qualitative and quantitative assays. Further its antioxidant capacity and radioprotective property were evaluated using various in vitro assays. The total antioxidant capacity was estimated by the DPPH, ABTS+ and NO radical scavenging assays. Its reducing power was analyzed by ferric reduction and Molybdenum reduction assays. At the end, radioprotective property was evaluated using plasmid relaxation, lipid peroxidation and propidium iodide staining. Our study shows that the yield of crude aqueous extract from the raw powder was 1.6%. It exhibited concentration dependent DPPH, ABTS+ and NO radical scavenging activity indicating its significant antioxidant capacity. This extract significantly inhibited DNA strand breaks in plasmid pBR322 DNA and peroxidation of membrane lipids against ionizing radiation. Jivanti crude extract decreased radiation induced cell death in splenocytesas monitored by propidium iodide staining. (author)

  14. PENEMUAN HUKUM OLEH HAKIM DALAM PRAKTEK HUKUM ACARA DI PERADILAN AGAMA

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    Abdul Manan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Pada dasarnya Pengadilan dilarang menolak untuk memeriksa, mengadili, memutus suatu perkara yang diajukan dengan dalil hukum tidak ada atau kurang jelas, melainkan wajib untuk memeriksa dan mengadilinya”. Ketentuan pasal ini memberi makna bahwa hakim sebagai organ utama Pengadilan dan sebagai pelaksana kekuasaan kehakiman wajib hukumnya bagi Hakim untuk menemukan hukumnya dalam suatu perkara meskipun ketentuan hukumnya tidak ada atau kurang jelas. Undang-Undang No. 48 Tahun 2009 Pasal 5 (1 menjelaskan bahwa “Hakim wajib menggali, mengikuti dan memahami nilai-nilai hukum dan rasa keadilan yang hidup dalam masyarakat.para hakim di lingkungan Peradilan Agama dalam mengambil keputusan terhadap perkara yang diperiksa dan diadili hendaknya mengunakan Teknik pengambilan putusan yang meliputi Tehnik Analitik, Tehnik Equatable, dan Tehnik Silogisme. The court essentially banned refused to examine, decide a case filed with no legal argument or less clear, but obliged to examine and judge ". Provisions of this chapter gives the sense that as major organs Court judge and as executor of judicial power is obligatory for the Judge to find the law in a case despite legal provisions do not exist or are less clear. Law No. 48 of 2009 Article 5 (1 explains that "Judges shall multiply, follow and understand the values of law and justice that lives within the community. the judges in the religious court in making decisions on matters that should be examined and judged using the technique of taking decisions which include Analytical Techniques, Technical equatable, and techniques syllogism.

  15. Reforming the Welfare State: Camden 1965-73

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Swenarton

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The housing projects built by the London Borough of Camden in the years 1965-73 belong arguably to the most substantial investigations into the architecture of social housing undertaken in the past half-century. Under borough architect Sydney Cook, Camden aimed to establish a new kind of housing architecture based, not on the Corbusian tabula rasa, but on a radical reinterpretation of traditional English urbanism.The outcome was a series of projects, including Fleet Road, Alexandra Road, Highgate New Town, Branch Hill and Maiden Lane, designed by members of Cook’s team, including Neave Brown, Peter Tábori and Gordon Benson and Alan Forsyth, as well as projects designed by up-and-coming private architects like Colquhoun & Miller, Edward Cullinan and Farrell Grimshaw.While it began in what Hobsbawm called the ‘golden age’ of postwar capitalism, the Cook years (1965-73 saw the onset of the crisis of the 1970s and with it the rise of the New Right and the Hard Left, both of which viewed the Camden housing projects as a legitimate target for attack. Based on archival research and interviews, the paper explores the ways in which the Cook projects both mediated and articulated the emergence of these fissures within the British welfare state.

  16. URGENSITAS PERLINDUNGAN SAKSI DAN KORBAN DALAM MENGUNGKAP KASUS KEKERASAN DALAM RUMAH TANGGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syamsul Fatoni

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Legal maintenance concerning violence case within household as stated by Act Number 23, 2004 about Violence erasing within household, still poor. That case related with problem within Substance of Act Number 13, 2006 about both Witness and Victim Protection, which less accommodate legal need for both witness and victim (including reporting person therefore both witness and victim were less braveness to reveal criminal case occurred. Besides that, include problem within structure (especially presence protection institution for both witness and victim and legal actor and society legal culture who tend to solve by kinship way.   Struktur (aparat penegak hukum termasuk LPSK, substansi UU dan budaya hukum masyarakat yang cenderung menyelesaikan kasus KDRT secara kekeluargaan, berpengaruh dalam mengungkap terjadinya tindak pidana. Eksistensi UU Nomor 13 Tahun 2006 tentang Perlindungan Saksi dan Korban serta Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 44 Tahun 2008 tentang Pemberian Kompensasi, Restitusi, dan Bantuan Kepada Saksi dan Korban telah menunjukkan kemajuan negara dalam memberikan perlindungan pada saksi dan korban. Politik hukum di masa mendatang berupa regulasi peraturan harus mengakomodir kebutuhan hukum untuk memenuhi rasa keadilan bagi masyarakat, khususnya saksi dan korban (termasuk pelapor, dimana peran LPSK harus proaktif, professional serta proporsional.

  17. Effects of an enriched housing environment on sensory aspects and fatty-acid composition of the longissimus muscle of light-weight finished lambs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguayo-Ulloa, L A; Pascual-Alonso, M; Campo, M M; Olleta, J L; Villarroel, M; Pizarro, D M; Miranda-de la Lama, G C; María, G A

    2014-08-01

    We analysed the effect of enriched housing on the sensory meat quality and fatty acid composition of longissimus muscle in 60 entire Rasa Aragonesa lambs, housed indoors for 5 weeks in six pens (10 lambs/pen, 0.95 m(2)/lamb, initial weight 17.13±0.18 kg and carcass mean 12.23±0.23 kg); three control pens (barren) and three enriched pens (straw, platform with ramps and a small ramp). The final weight, carcass weight, fatness scores and cooking losses of meat from enriched lambs (EG) were higher and pH 24 was lower (P ≤ 0.05). The EG lambs had more C18:0 and total SFA (P ≤ 0.05). Lamb odour and grass odour were more intense in EG (P ≤ 0.05). Overall liking was higher for EG (P ≤ 0.05) and associated with tenderness (P ≤ 0.0001). The results suggest that environmental enrichment can have effects on fatty acid composition and sensory meat quality. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Assessment of commercial lamb meat quality by British and Spanish taste panels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sañudo, C; Nute, G R; Campo, M M; María, G; Baker, A; Sierra, I; Enser, M E; Wood, J D

    1998-01-01

    Trained sensory panels in Britain and Spain assessed loin meat from commercial lambs purchased in Spain, which included Welsh lamb (imported from Britain) and two Spanish breeds (Merino and Rasa Aragonesa). The British panel also assessed British lamb purchased in local butcher shops and supermarkets. Sensory panels, in each country, received meat from the same lambs and used their local methods of cooking and assessment. Spanish panels used unstructured line scales to measure lamb odour intensity, tenderness, juiciness, lamb flavour intensity and two hedonic scales of flavour liking and overall liking. The British panel used 8 point category scales with the same attributes. Results from both panels in objective parameters were in agreement, hence showing that different trained sensory panels may arrive at the same conclusion. However, when panellists were allowed to make hedonic judgements (preference), the British panel preferred British lamb and the Spanish panel preferred Spanish lamb. This finding has important consequences for lamb producers who export their lambs and demonstrates that the underlying reasons for different preferences should be investigated. Production variables are discussed in relation to their influence on lamb eating quality and as a way to tailor lamb eating quality attributes familiar to consumers in the importing country.

  19. THE STRATEGY OF EMPOWERMENT BASED ON ESQ POWER: A SOCIAL INNOVATION IN THE POVERTY OVERCOMING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peribadi Peribadi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to develop an innovation of empowerment strategy on ESQ Power – Based. It was designed through a phenomenology deductive, a case study and the methodof research and development or the procedure of member check. The three of them were used eclectically in order to design an ideal formulation. The research findings indicated that the actors and actresses of poverty overcoming in Kendari City have not had the emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence yet as ESQ Power. As a result, they were not optimal in performing their duties, roles and responsibilities. Therefore, the urgency of empowerment paradigm on ESQ Power – Based that has been formulated and validated by the skillful validator must be used in the future to increase the sense of responsibility of the actor network in overcoming the pauperization and poverty. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan sebuah inovasi strategi pemberdayaan berbasis ESQ Power. Hal itu dirancang melalui deduksi fenomenologis, studi kasus serta metode penelitian dan pengembangan atau prosedur member check. Ketiganya digunakan secara eklektik untuk merancang formulasi ideal. Temuan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aktor dan aktris penanggulangan kemiskinan di Kota Kendari belum memiliki kecerdasan emosional dan kecerdasan spiritual sebagai ESQ Power. Akibatnya, mereka tidak optimal dalam menjalankan tugas, peran dan tanggung jawabnya. Oleh karena itu, urgensi paradigma pemberdayaan berbasis ESQ Power yang telah dirumuskan dan divalidasi oleh validator ahli tersebut harus mulai digunakan ke depan untuk meningkatkan rasa tanggung jawab jaringan aktor dalam mengatasi pemiskinan dan kemiskinan.

  20. PENDEKATAN COOPERATIVE LEARNING DENGAN STRATEGI GAMES COMPETITION SEBAGAI UPAYA MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS BELAJAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka jaya puta utama

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana penggunaan pendekatan Cooperative Learning dengan Strategi  Games Competition dapat meningkatkan aktivitas belajar siswa pada Mata Pelajaran IPS Terpadu Materi Sejarah kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sungai Raya?. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian tindakan kelas.  Subyek dalam Penelitian Tindakan Kelas ini adalah siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sungai Raya tahun pelajaran 2015/2016. Alat pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah angket, panduan observasi, panduan wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data dalam penellitian ini adalah Analisis hasil penelitian digambarkan dengan cara menggunakan triangulasi data. Indikator keberhasilan didasarkan dari kisi-kisi pengamatan aktivitas siswa yang meliputi :1 semangat siswa untuk mengikuti pembelajaran, 2 keaktifan dalam  menyelesaikan tugas  membuat pertanyaan dan jawaban, 3 keaktifan dalam menjawab pertanyaan, 4 keaktifan dalam menanggapi atas pertanyaan dari kelompok lain, 5 kerjasama dalam kelompok dalam menyelesaikan tugas berkompetisi dengan kelompok lain.Kesimpulan penelitian bahwa Pembelajaran IPS menggunakan pendekatan cooperative learning dengan strategi Games Competition dapat meningkatkan aktivitas belajar siswa kela VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sungai Raya, yaitu peningkatan aktifitas belajar siswa secara klasikal yaitu pada siklus I sebesar 65 % dan pada Siklus II sebesar 85 %, hal ini berarti ada peningkatan sebesar 20%. Pembelajaran dengan menggunakan pendekatan cooperative learning dengan strategi Games Competition dapat memberikan kesempatan kepada siswa untuk aktif dalam mengungkapkan pendapat, menghargai pendapat orang lain,berani bertanya, menanggapi, belajar berkompetisi secara jujur, serta mampu menumbuhkan rasa solidaritas siswa.

  1. KNOWBOT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heger, A.S.; Koen, B.U.

    1991-01-01

    This paper reports on an adaptive interface KNOWBOT designed to solve some of the problems that face the users of large centralized data bases. The interface applies the neural network approach to information retrieval from a data base. The data base is a subset of the Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System. The interface KNOWBOT preempts an existing data base interface and works in conjunction with it. By design, KNOWBOT starts as a tabula rasa but acquires knowledge through its interactions with the user and the data base. The interface uses its gained knowledge to personalize the data base retrieval process and to induce new queries. The interface also forgets the information that is no longer needed by the user. These self-organizing features of the interface reduce the scope of the data base to the subsets that are highly relevant to the user needs. A proof-of-principal version of this interface has been implemented in Common LISP on a Texas Instruments Explorer I workstation. Experiments with KNOWBOT have been successful in demonstrating the robustness of the model especially with induction and self-organization. This paper describes the design of KNOWBOT and presents some of the experimental results

  2. Perilaku Komunikasi antara Guru dengan Siswa Broken Home

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilsyah Nur

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan penelitian kualitatif yang menggunakan beberapa informan sebagai narasumber untuk menjawab permasalahan tentang opini publik terhadap komunikasi interpersonal dalam mengatasi orang tua broken home. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perilaku komunikasi siswa broken home di sekolah belum sepenuhnya efektif. Hal ini disebabkan oleh: intensitas komunikasi antara orang tua dan anak yang masih kurang sehingga anak enggan untuk terbuka kepada orang tuanya mengenai prestasi belajar. Kurangnya dukungan, rasa empati serta sikap positif yang diberikan orang tua kepada anak juga mempengaruhi hubungan interpersonal diantara orang tua dan anak yang menyebabkan anak lebih terbuka kepada teman atau kerabatnya daripada orang tuanya sendiri.Kesetaraan antara orang tua dan anak masih kurang. Perilaku komunikasi yang demikian sangat berpengaruh terhadap perilaku anak di sekolah. Beberapa faktor yang menghambat prilaku komunikasi siswa broken home  diantaranya yaitu  orang tua yang kurang bisa membagi waktu antara pekerjaan dan memberikan perhatian kepada anak di rumah sehingga komunikasi dengan anak tidak berjalan dengan lancar, sikap acuh tak acuh yang ditunjukkan orang tua membuat anak menjauhkan diri dan tidak terbuka kepada orang tua dan ketidakterbukaan siswa terhadap Guru.

  3. Quantitating PrP Polymorphisms Present in Prions from Heterozygous Scrapie-Infected Sheep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Christopher J; Erickson-Beltran, Melissa L; Hui, Colleen; Badiola, Juan José; Nicholson, Eric M; Requena, Jesús R; Bolea, Rosa

    2017-01-03

    Scrapie is a prion (PrP Sc ) disease of sheep. The incubation period of sheep scrapie is strongly influenced by polymorphisms at positions 136, 154, and 171 of a sheep's normal cellular prion protein (PrP C ). Chymotrypsin was used to digest sheep recombinant PrP to identify a set of characteristic peptides [M 132 LGSXMSRPL 141 (X = A or V), Y 153 XENMY 158 (X,= H or R), and Y 166 RPVDXY 172 (X = H, K, Q, or R)] that could be used to detect and quantitate polymorphisms at positions 136, 154, and 171 of sheep PrP C or PrP Sc . These peptides were used to develop a multiple reaction monitoring method (MRM) to detect the amounts of a particular polymorphism in a sample of PrP Sc isolated from sheep heterozygous for their PrP C proteins. The limit of detection for these peptides was less than 50 attomole. Spinal cord tissue from heterozygous (ARQ/VRQ or ARH/ARQ) scrapie-infected Rasa Aragonesa sheep was analyzed using this MRM method. Both sets of heterozygotes show the presence of both polymorphisms in PrP Sc . This was true for samples containing both proteinase K (PK)-sensitive and PK-resistant PrP Sc and samples containing only the PK-resistant PrP Sc . These results show that heterozygous animals contain PrP Sc that is composed of significant amounts of both PrP polymorphisms.

  4. Penggunaan Ekstrak Daun Jambu Biji (Psidium guajava sebagai Pengawet Pindang Tongkol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farida Ariyani

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian aplikasi ekstrak daun jambu biji (Psidium guajava untuk menghambat kemunduran mutu pindang tongkol (Scomber australasicus CV telah dilakukan. Pada penelitian ini digunakan 4 konsentrasi ekstrak daun jambu (0, 3, 6, dan 9% sebagai larutan perebus pada pengolahan pindang tongkol. Perubahan mutu ikan pindang diamati setiap 24 jam secara organoleptik, kimia (TVB, TBA dan mikrobiologi (TPC, kapang, sedangkan pengamatan terhadap perubahan asam lemak dilakukan pada ikan pindang dengan perlakuan terbaik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan ekstrak daun jambu sebagai larutan perebus pada pemindangan ikan tongkol mampu menghambat peningkatan kadar TBA dan menekan oksidasi asam lemak tidak jenuh, tetapi tidak mampu menghambat peningkatan kadar TVB dan pertumbuhan mikroorganisme selama penyimpanan pada suhu ruang. Meskipun penggunaan ekstrak daun jambu menyebabkan warna pindang cenderung menjadi lebih gelap (kecoklatan, pindang tongkol yang direbus dengan ekstrak daun jambu mempunyai intensitas bau dan rasa tengik yang sangat rendah dan tekstur yang lebih baik bila disbanding kontrol. Perlakuan ekstrak daun jambu yang paling efektif sebagai pengawet pindang tongkol dengan nilai sensori terbaik adalah perlakuan ekstrak daun jambu pada konsentrasi 9%.

  5. TINDAK PIDANA KEKERASAN DALAM RUMAH TANGGA MENURUT SISTEM PERADILAN PIDANA DALAM PERSPEKTIF RESTORATIVE JUSTICE / The Act Of Domestic Violence In Criminal Justice System In Restorative Justice Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridwan Mansyur

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Banyak penyelesaian perkara kekerasan dalam rumah tangga yang tidak memenuhi rasa keadilan, terutama bagi korban dan subordinat dalam rumah tangga. Dalam disertasi ini disampaikan hasil yaitu pertama, penyelesaian perkara kekerasan dalam rumah tangga pada kenyataannya diselesaikan melalui Undang-Undang No. 23 Tahun 2004 sebagai lex specialis. Penyelesaian kasus kekerasan dalam rumah tangga berdasarkan aturan tersebut, secara empiris lebih menekankan pada pemidanaannya, sehingga terlihat tujuan preventif, protektif, dan konsolidatif tidak terpenuhi. Kedua, penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa kekerasan dalam rumah tangga merupakan perkara dengan multi dimensi penyelesaian karena terdapat sisi lingkup perdata dan di sisi lain lingkup pidana. Oleh karena itu dibutuhkan suatu media di dalam sistem yang dapat mengakomodasi penyelesaian perkara tersebut, yang salah satunya adalah dengan menggunakan pendekatan restorative justice.   There are many domestic violence settlements that do not satisfy the sense of justice, especially for the victims and subordinate in the household. The dissertation results: first, the settlement of domestic violence in fact settled by Act No. 23 of 2004 as lex special. The settlements of domestic violence cases based on that rule, empirically emphasis on the criminal sanction, so that the purpose of preventive, protective and consolidative was not rise. Second, the research concluded that domestic violence is a case with the multi-dimensional settlement because there is the scope of the civil and criminal sphere on the other side. Therefore, it needs a medium in the system that can accommodate the completion of the case, which one of them is restorative justice approach.

  6. ALAT PENDETEKSI KEBOCORAN GAS BERACUN CO PADA MOBIL DENGAN ARRAY SENSOR MENGGUNAKAN FUZZY CONTROLLER

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    Slamet Widodo

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan teknologi otomotif sekarang ini semakin pesat yaitu dengan fasilitas accessories mobil yang semakin lengkap. Namun berbagai fasilitas yang terdapat dalam mobil tanpa disadari menyimpan ancaman bahaya bagi pengguna mobil salah satunya ketika system pada AC (Air Conditioner terjadi kebocoran maka gas CO (karbon monoksida akan memenuhi ruang mobil yang tertutup. Gas CO ini sangat berbahaya karena gas ini tidak berwarna, tidak berbau, dan tidak berasa sehingga sulit untuk dideteksi yang dapat menyebabkan orang yang ada didalam mobil menjadi mati lemas tanpa disadari karena menghirup gas CO yang bocor. Dengan fenomena tersebut dibutuhkan sebuah alat yang dapat mendeteksi dan mengontrol kebocoran gas CO untuk memberikan rasa aman kepada pengguna mobil. Alat ini menggunakan kendali logika fuzzy sebagai proses pengambilan keputusan sebagai hasil nilai dari inferensi kerja array sensor. Pengendali utama pada sistem menggunakan mikrokontroller ATmega32. Ketika array sensor yaitu TGS2442 dan TGS2600 mendeteksi kadar gas CO >29,0 ppm berarti dalam status bahaya sehingga buzzer akan aktif diikuti motor DC yang menggerakkan kaca mobil agar terbuka. Berdasarkan lima kali pengujian yang dilakukan didapatkanlah rata-rata selisih error output gas sebesar 0.29 ppm disaat kondisi aman dan 3.87 ppm disaat kondisi bahaya.

  7. RELIGIUSITAS DALAM PENDIDIKAN KIMIA (ESENSI PEMIKIRAN PENDIDIKAN KIMIAWAN KLASIK JABIR BIN HAYYAN

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    Edy Chandra

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Religiousity has not received adequate attention among scientists and educational researchers. Fundamental problems faced by the Islamic university and school is how to strengthen the integration of religiousity into science education. It should be further explored the life and work of Muslim chemists. In this case, Jabir ibn Hayyan, seems to be the most authoritative figures Muslim chemists to be explored further. This research is based on factual historical research model. The object of this study is a collection of writings Jabir ibn Hayyan Classical Arabic in Mukhtar Rasa `il vol.1 (scripted by Paul Kraus 1935, using a qualitative approach to descriptive analytical method, combining historical and philosophical approach, taking into account the substantial and functional relationship between information and obtained and the views contained in the manuscript.  Jabir had engage religiousity his Philosophical thought on divinity, universe, human, society, and knowledge. He had also enhanced religiousity into educational practice, especially in chemistry education. His thoughts could be simplified as an integrative educational thought and balance. Jabir promote holistic education that integrates the various aspects in a balanced education fields, and encourage positive interaction between educators and learners, prioritize based on experiment and observation.Keywords:  religiousity, chemistry, science, education, philosophy

  8. A geochronological approach for cave evolution in the Cantabrian Coast (Pindal Cave, NW Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jimenez-Sanchez, M.; Bischoff, J.L.; Stoll, H.; Aranburu, A.

    2006-01-01

    Some of the oldest speleothems in the North Cantabrian Coast (Spain) are reported for the first time in this work. Pindal Cave is developed at 24 m above sea level, in a karstic massif reaching its highest surface in a marine terrace (rasa) located at 50-64 m above the present sea level. Several phases of evolution were previously recognized into the cave, including block collapse of the roof, episodic flooding and detrital sedimentation, and chemical precipitation of at least four speleothem generations over both alluvial and collapse deposits. Three of these speleothem generations have been dated by U/Th. The first generation yielded ages from 124,2 ?? 1, 5 ka BP to 73,1 ?? 0,9 ka BP, giving a minimum age for the main detritic sediments in the cave. The second one is not dated. The third generation gives an age of 3,71 ?? 0,4 ka BP (mathematically corrected to 2.7 ?? 0.5 ka BP), while for the youngest generation, with actively growing stalagmites in the cave, basal ages of 200 years BP are estimated by counting annual laminae. The data suggest a tentative maximum elevation rate close to 0, 2 mm/yr for the Cantabrian Margin in this area, although further chronological studies will be needed to check this hypothesis. ?? 2006 Gebru??der Borntraeger.

  9. Automated aerosol sampling and analysis for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miley, H.S.; Bowyer, S.M.; Hubbard, C.W.; McKinnon, A.D.; Perkins, R.W.; Thompson, R.C.; Warner, R.A.

    1998-01-01

    Detecting nuclear debris from a nuclear weapon exploded in or substantially vented to the Earth's atmosphere constitutes the most certain indication that a violation of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty has occurred. For this reason, a radionuclide portion of the International Monitoring System is being designed and implemented. The IMS will monitor aerosols and gaseous xenon isotopes to detect atmospheric and underground tests, respectively. An automated system, the Radionuclide Aerosol Sampler/Analyzer (RASA), has been developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to meet CTBT aerosol measurement requirements. This is achieved by the use of a novel sampling apparatus, a high-resolution germanium detector, and very sophisticated software. This system draws a large volume of air (∼ 20,000 m 3 /day), performs automated gamma-ray spectral measurements (MDC( 140 Ba) 3 ), and communicates this and other data to a central data facility. Automated systems offer the added benefit of rigid controls, easily implemented QA/QC procedures, and centralized depot maintenance and operation. Other types of automated communication include pull or push transmission of State-Of-Health data, commands, and configuration data. In addition, a graphical user interface, Telnet, and other interactive communications are supported over ordinary phone or network lines. This system has been the subject of a USAF commercialization effort to meet US CTBT monitoring commitments. It will also be available to other CTBT signatories and the monitoring community for various governmental, environmental, or commercial needs. The current status of the commercialization is discussed

  10. An adaptive interface (KNOWBOT) for nuclear power industry data bases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heger, A.S.

    1989-01-01

    An adaptive interface, KNOWBOT, has been designed to solve some of the problems that face the users of large centralized databases. The interface applies the neural network approach to information retrieval from a database. The database is a subset of the Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System (NPRDS). KNOWBOT preempts an existing database interface and works in conjunction with it. By design, KNOWBOT starts as a tabula rasa but acquires knowledge through its interactions with the user and the database. The interface uses its gained knowledge to personalize the database retrieval process and to induce new queries. In addition, the interface forgets the information that is no longer needed by the user. These self-organizing features of the interface reduce the scope of the database to the subsets that are highly relevant to the user needs. A proof-of-principle version of this interface has been implemented in Common LISP on a Texas Instruments Explorer I workstation. Experiments with KNOWBOT have successfully demonstrated the robustness of the model especially with induction and self-organization

  11. BINNER ETHICAL AJARAN SOSROKARTONO DALAM PERSPEKTIF HERMENEUTIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mul yono

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper seeks to interpret and seek relevance of Sosrokartono’s moral teachings, especially those expressed in the binner ethical form, for the life of Indonesian people in the present. Binner ethical in the moral teaching is discovered in Javanese culture. To be able understand the moral teaching need interpretation in depth, not only use ability to reason but also the using ability of “rasa-pangrasa”.The Sosrokartono’s binner ethical, as well as other moral teachings, still based on Sosrokartono’s philosophy of life that emphasized the obligation of human life to serve and devote themselves to God Almighty trough the help and helping fellow humans in need without strings attached, on the basis of principle “leladi mring sesami”.The Sosrokartono’s moral teachings have relevance for the formation of Indonesian national character, which is currently demoralized. The Sosrokartono’s moral teachings are very concerned with inner strength to counteract the development of the character of individualistic, materialistic, hedonistic and secularistic on Indonesian peoples, which currently is beset by modernization and globalization. Key words: moral teaching, binner ethical, interpretation, relevance, counteract, modernization and globalization, Indonesian national character  

  12. Gigi Tiruan Cekat dengan Fiber-Reinforced Composites pada Kehilangan Gigi Anterior dengan Space Menyempit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Santoso

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang. Pada kasus kehilangan gigi-gigianterior tanpa penggantian secepatnya akan menyebabkan rasa malu, tidak percaya diri,gangguan berbicara dan bersuara, pergeseran gigi-gigitetangganya, tilting,hilangnyakontakantar gigi,elongasi gigi antagonisnya, traumatik oklusi, ginggival pocket serta karies pada gigi sebelahnya. Tujuan. Penulisan laporan ini untuk memberi informasi bahwa pada kasus kehilangan gigi anterior dengan space yang telah menyempit dapat dibuatkan protesa berupa gigi tiruan cekat dengan fiber-reinforced composites. Kasus. Seorang pasien laki-Iaki berusia 26 tahun datang ke RSGM dengan kasus kehilangan gigi incisivus centralis kiri atas dengan space mesio-distal yang telah menyempit. Penanganan. Setelah dilakukan pemeriksaan subyektif, obyektif dan radiografi maka dilakukan perawatan dengan protesa berupa gigi tiruan cekat dengan fiber-reinforced composites. Setelah 10 hari perawatan kemudian kontrol dan pad a pemeriksaan subyektif tidak ada keluhan. Pada pemeriksaan obyektif dilakukan pemeriksaan terhadap retensi, stabilisasi, oklusi, estetis dan warnanya. Kesimpulan. Hasil Perawatan gigi tiruan cekat dengan fiber-reinforced composites dapat memperbaiki kondisi kehilangan gigi dengan space mesio-distal yang telah menyempit sehingga mengembalikan estetika dan percaya diri pasien.

  13. KAJIAN PERILAKU MASYARAKAT MEMBUANG SAMPAH DI BANTARAN SUNGAI MARTAPURA TERHADAP LINGKUNGAN PERAIRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana Penny

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Pergeseran fungsi sungai terjadi di Sungai Martapura. Masyarakat di pinggiran Sungai Martapura menggunakan sungai untuk mandi, mencuci, minum, memasak, tempat untuk buang air kecil dan buang air besar (BAB serta tempat pembuangan sampah. Hal ini tentu saja mempengaruhi kualitas air Sungai Martapura. Tingkat perilaku masyarakat di desa/kelurahan yang terletak di bantaran Sungai Martapura diperoleh skor rata-rata 9,40 termasuk dalam kategori “sedang”, berarti akumulasi perilaku masyarakat dari skor pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan diperoleh persentase 40% - 75%. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku tersebut dari tertinggi sampai terendah adalah Kepercayaan dan Kesiapan Mental, Faktor Pencetus, Latar Belakang dan Sarana. Hasil Uji Kualitas Air menunjukkan bahwa terjadi penurunan kualitas air Sungai Martapura pada hulu dan hilir sungai. Hal ini disebabkan karena aktivitas masyarakat di sepanjang Bantaran Sungai Martapura. Berdasarkan parameter H’ dan DO air Sungai Martapura berada pada kondisi tercemar ringan dan berdasarkan parameter warna, bau, rasa, pH dan TSS air Sungai Martapura tergolong dalam kriteria air bersih. Untuk menciptakan lingkungan yang bersih dan sehat terutama di Bantaran Sungai Martapura perlu peningkatan perilaku masyarakat yaitu mengubah dari perilaku sedang menjadi perilaku yang baik melalui pendekatan tokoh agama dan tokoh adat. Peran serta masyarakat diperlukan untuk menciptakan lingkungan yang bersih dan sehat mulai dari lingkungan terkecil yaitu dengan pengelolaan sampah rumah tangga berbasis masyarakat. Keuntungan pengelolaan sampah tersebut dapat berupa keuntungan ekonomi dan keuntungan non ekonomi berupa lingkungan yang bersih dan sehat.

  14. Dietary vitamin E dosage and source affects meat quality parameters in light weight lambs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leal, Leonel N; Beltrán, José A; Alonso, Verónica; Bello, José M; den Hartog, Leo A; Hendriks, Wouter H; Martín-Tereso, Javier

    2018-03-01

    Supra-nutritional vitamin E supplementation is a commonly used approach to delay lipid oxidation and colour deterioration in lamb and beef meat marketed under modified atmosphere packaging. However, these applications lack a precise calibration of dose for the desired effect and, in addition, limited information is available regarding the use of natural vitamin E for this purpose. Three hundred and sixty Rasa Aragonesa lambs were fed diets supplemented with all-rac-α-tocopheryl acetate (250, 500, 1000 and 2000 mg kg -1 compound feed), RRR-α-tocopheryl acetate (125, 250, 500 and 1000 mg kg -1 compound feed) and a basal diet without vitamin E supplementation for 14 days before slaughter at 25.8 ± 1.67 kg body weight. Vitamin E supplementation had no effect (P > 0.05) on average daily weight gain, feed intake and feed efficiency. Display time had larger effects on lipid oxidation, colour stability, myoglobin forms and meat discolouration parameters compared to vitamin E supplementation. However, vitamin E source and dosage significantly extended meat shelf-life as indicated by lipid oxidation, redness, hue angle, metmyoglobin formation, deoxymyoglobin formation, A 580-630 and I SO2 . The quantification of these effects demonstrated that the biological activity value of 1.36 used to distinguish both vitamin E sources is not appropriate for meat quality enhancing properties. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.

  15. The Role of Visual Rhetoric in the Vegetarian Movement: “Meet Your Meat” Video of Animal Torture on the PETA Website

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desideria C. W. Murti

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Images have the power to create natural representation of reality, vividness in human memory and have rhetorical effect. However, visual rhetoric can create positive and negative feeling to persuade people. Negative feelings can be designed to make emotional reactions and spark action. Consequently, humans will consider ways to deal with the negative and discomfort feelings. In this paper, the writer analyzes the connection between visual rhetoric and emotional appeal by examining the controversial PETA video “Meet your Meat”. The writer will use the visual rhetoric, emotions, and cognitive dissonance theory to analyze the video and increase the understanding about the human emotions, especially disgust and guilt. Abstrak: Gambar memiliki kekuatan untuk menciptakan gambaran realitas yang alami, membuat kejelasan dalam ingatan manusia dan memiliki efek retoris. Namun, retorika visual dapat menciptakan perasaan positif dan negatif untuk membujuk orang. Perasaan negatif dapat dirancang untuk membuat reaksi emosional dan memicu tindakan. Akibatnya, manusia akan mempertimbangkan cara-cara untuk mengatasi perasaan-perasaan negatif dan ketidaknyamanan. Dalam tulisan ini, penulis akan menganalisis hubungan antara retorika visual dan daya tarik emosional dengan mengkaji video kontroversial PETA “Meet your Meat”. Penulis akan menggunakan teori retorika visual, emosi, dan disonansi kognitif untuk menganalisis video dan meningkatkan pemahaman tentang emosi manusia, terutama perasaan jijik dan rasa bersalah.

  16. Digital surfaces and hydrogeologic data for the Floridan aquifer system in Florida and in parts of Georgia, Alabama, and South Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellino, Jason C.

    2011-01-01

    A digital dataset for the Floridan aquifer system in Florida and in parts of Georgia, Alabama, and South Carolina was developed from selected reports published as part of the Regional Aquifer-System Analysis (RASA) Program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in the 1980s. These reports contain maps and data depicting the extent and elevation of both time-stratigraphic and hydrogeologic units of which the aquifer system is composed, as well as data on hydrology, meteorology, and aquifer properties. The three primary reports used for this dataset compilation were USGS Professional Paper 1403-B (Miller, 1986), Professional Paper 1403-C (Bush and Johnston, 1988), and USGS Open-File Report 88-86 (Miller, 1988). Paper maps from Professional Papers 1403-B and 1403-C were scanned and georeferenced to the North American Datum of 1927 (NAD27) using the Lambert Conformal Conic projection (standard parallels 33 and 45 degrees, central longitude -96 degrees, central latitude 39 degrees). Once georeferenced, tracing of pertinent line features contained in each image (for example, contours and faults) was facilitated by specialized software using algorithms that automated much of the process. Resulting digital line features were then processed using standard geographic information system (GIS) software to remove artifacts from the digitization process and to verify and update attribute tables. The digitization process for polygonal features (for example, outcrop areas and unit extents) was completed by hand using GIS software.

  17. PEMBELAJARAN SAINS SD UNTUK SISWA TUNANETRA DI SLB-A YAKETUNIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aprilia Eki Saputri

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pelaksanaan pembelajaran sains SD di SLB-A Yaketunis. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian etnografi kelas. Data dianalisis menggunakan analisis data Miles dan Huberman yaitu: reduksi, penyajian, dan verifikasi data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pembelajaran sains di SLB-A Yaketunis diawali dengan analisis kebutuhan siswa. Materi pembelajaran yang dapat diwujudkan dalam bentuk konkrit dan media pembelajaran tersedia atau dapat disediakan guru, maka indera perabaanlah yang dimaksimalkan oleh guru. Sedangkan materi pembelajaran yang tidak dapat diwujudkan dalam bentuk konkrit, hanya diampaikan dengan memanfaatkan komunikasi verbal yang bersifat kontekstual. Budaya kelas di dalam pembelajaran sains di SLB-A Yaketunis adalah menumbuhkan rasa ingin tahu siswa terhadap fenomena-fenomena yang ada di alam semesta, pemanfaatan indera perabaan, dan pendengaran siswa di dalam belajar sains. Budaya tersebut dikembangkan dan dimanfaatkan sepanjang pembelajaran sains agar siswa menguasai keterampilan proses sains dasar (observasi, klasifikasi, mengukur, komunikasi, prediksi, dan inferensi untuk mempelajari fakta, konsep, prinsip, dan teori dalam mata pelajaran sains. Kata kunci: pembelajaran sains dan siswa tunanetra.

  18. ANALISIS KESESUAIAN LAHAN UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN KOMODITAS KOPI ARABIKA DI KABUPATEN SOLOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feri Arlius

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Kopi arabika merupakan jenis kopi dengan cita rasa terbaik dan komoditi unggulan yang memiliki nilai ekonomi relatif tinggi di pasar dunia. Indonesia merupakan salah satu negara penghasil kopi arabika terbaik dunia, tetapi Indonesia bukanlah negara penghasil terbesar di dunia. Kabupaten Solok memiliki ketinggian tempat atau elevasi antara 329 – 1.458 mdpl yang mana pada ketinggian tersebut tanaman kopi arabika dapat tumbuh dengan baik. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi lahan untuk pengembangan kopi arabika di Kabupaten Solok. Dalam mengidentifikasi lahan untuk kopi arabika dilakukan analisis ketersediaan lahan dan kesesuaian lahan menurut struktur FAO (1976 yang mana hanya lahan kelas S1 (sangat sesuai dan S2 (cukup sesuai saja yang direkomendasikan. Luas lahan tersedia yang diperoleh cukup luas yaitu 101.059,79 ha (30,55 % dari luas Kabupaten Solok. Luas kesesuaian lahan untuk pengembangan kopi arabika berdasarkan lahan tersedia yaitu seluas 84.943,22 ha (84,05 %, dengan asumsi produktifitas kopi arabika 1 ton/ha/tahun Kabupaten Solok bisa menghasilkan kopi arabika sekitar 84.943,22 ton/tahun. Luas kesesuaian lahan akan bertambah 3.447,94 ha (3,41 % jika diberikan konservasi terasering pada kelerengan, sehingga luas kesesuaian lahan untuk pengembangan kopi arabika di Kabupaten Solok menjadi 88.391,16 ha (87,46 % dari lahan tersedia.

  19. Pengaruh Pencucian Daging Lumat Ikan Patin Siam terhadap Karakteristik Dendeng yang Dihasilkan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suryanti Suryanti

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pencucian daging lumat ikan patin siam (Pangasius hypopthalmus terhadap karakteristik dendeng. Ikan patin siam hidup diberi perlakuan pemberokan selama 24 jam, kemudian dimatikan dengan cara perendaman dalam es selama ± 20 menit. Daging dipisahkan dari tulang dan kulit serta digiling hingga diperoleh daging lumat. Daging lumat diberi perlakuan pencucian satu sampai tiga kali masing-masing dalam air suhu 4-5oC dengan perbandingan 1:5 (b/v, yang dilanjutkan dengan pengepresan. Daging lumat yang diperoleh dari masing-masing perlakuan pencucian kemudian diolah menjadi dendeng dengan mencampurkan bahan tambahan gula putih, garam serta rempah-rempah seperti bawang putih (2%, bawang merah (1,5%, ketumbar (2,5%, asam jawa (3%, lengkuas (2,5%, dan jahe (0,5%. Tahap selanjutnya adalah pencetakan campuran bahan dalam loyang dan dikeringkan dengan sinar matahari selama ±15 jam. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa semakin banyak perlakuan pencucian menyebabkan kandungan protein dan karbohidrat semakin kecil, dan sifat tekstur (kekuatan tarik dan elongasi semakin besar. Dendeng berwana coklat kekuningan dengan rasa dan aroma rempah-rempah, sedangkan tekstur agak kenyal dan tidak mudah sobek. Dendeng dari perlakuan satu sampai tiga kali pencucian memiliki nilai angka lempeng total (ALT antara <25 x 102 sampai dengan 1,6 x 104 kol/g serta tidak terdapat kapang yang tumbuh.

  20. UJI EFEK ANALGETIK EKSTRAK METANOL DAUN MANGGA ARUM MANIS (Mangifera indica L. Var. Arum manis TERHADAP MENCIT PUTIH BETINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mhd Riza Marjoni

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan tanaman sebagai salah satu bahan pengobatan di Indonesia sudah dikenal sejak lama dan sampai sekarang masih banyak dilakukan oleh masyarakat secara luas. Mangga varietas arumanis yang merupakan produk asli Indonesia merupakan salah satudari tanaman tersebut yang telah digunakan secara tradisional oleh masyarakat untuk meredakan rasa nyeri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek analgetik dari ekstrak methanol daun mangga arumanis menggunakan 3 variasi dosis.Penelitian ini menggunakan 15 ekor mencit putih betina sebagai hewan uji yang dikelompokan menjadi 5 kelompok. Kelompok pertama diberi obat analgetik tramadol sebagai kontrol positif, kelompok kedua diberi aquades sebagai kontrol negatif, dan kelompok ketiga sampai kelima diberi ekstrak methanol daun mangga arumanis dengan 3 variasi dosis 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg setiap 0,5 ml secara oral.  Pengamatan yang dilakukan terhadap hewan uji adalah respon berupa melompat dan atau menjilat kaki sebelum perlakuan, dan pada menit ke-30, 60, 90, 120 setelah diberi rangsangan nyeri berupa suhu panas 55 0 C menggunakan metoda hot plate. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketiga dosis ektrak metanol daun mangga arum manis memiliki efek analgesik pada mencit putih betina

  1. Perancangan Fasilitas Kerja yang Ergonomis pada Proses Pelarutan Printed Circuit Board (PCB dengan Menggunakan Metode Quality Function Deployment (Studi kasus di IK-Tech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adhi Susatyo

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available IK-Tech merupakan home industry  yang bergerak dalam pembuatan PCB. Proses produksi di IK-Tech masih dengan proses manual, terutama pada proses pelarutan PCB (proses Etching. Proses Etching di IK-Tech tumpah, proses yang lama dan penggunaan yang tidak ergonomis karena operator bekerja dengan menggunakan alat yang seadanya berupa nampan, sehingga dalam proses pelarutan, terdapat banyak kekurangan seperti pelarut mudah posisi jongkok membungkuk. Gerakan kerja yang berulang-ulang dengan frekuensi yang sering, mengakibatkan operator tidak nyaman dalam bekerja dan mudah lelah. Oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan perbaikan dalam proses Etching yaitu merancang fasilitas kerja.       Pada penelitian ini, dirancang fasilitas kerja dengan pendekatan Quality Function Deployment. Metode ini bertujuan mengakomodasi perancangan fasilitas kerja berdasakan kebutuhan pengguna. Selain itu, pendekatan ergonomis pada perancangan fasilitas kerja untuk memperkecil beban kerja operator sehingga menciptakan rasa nyaman dan aman bagi operator dalam bekerja.        Berdasarkan hasil analisis dan pengolahan data, enumeration persentase keluhan operator sebelum perancangan sebesar 7% keluhan sakit, setelah perancangan turun menjadi 0% (tidak ada keluhan sakit. Rekapitulasi waktu pelarutan sebelum perancangan sebesar 22,66 menit/unit, waktu pelarutan setelah perancangan (penggunaan manual sebesar 13,66 menit/unit dan waktu pelarutan setelah perancangan (penggunaan otomatis sebesar 11,37 menit/unit. Dari rekap waktu pelarutan, diketahui penurunan waktu pelarutan sebelum dan setelah perancangan (penggunaan manual sebesar 39,72 %, penurunan waktu pelarutan sebelum dan setelah perancangan (penggunaan otomatis sebesar 49,82 %.

  2. PEMBELAJARAN TEMATIK YANG IDEAL DI SD/MI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Haji

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Anak usia sekolah / 6-12 tahun disebut masa sekolah, karena anak sudah menamatkan taman kanak-kanak sebagai lembaga persiapan bersekolah yang sebenarnya. Disebut masa matang untuk belajar, Karena anak sudah berusaha untuk mencapai sesuatu, tetapi, perkembangan aktivitas bermain yang hanya bertujuan untuk mendapatkan kesenangan pada waktu melakukan aktivitas itu sendiri. Disebut masa matang untuk sekolah, karena anak sudah menginginkan kecakapan-kecakapan baru, yang dapat diberikan oleh sekolah (Nasution Noehi, 1993: 44. Menurut Banett, dkk., karakteristik anak usia SD, antara lain sebagai berikut. (1 Mereka secara alamiah memiliki rasa ingin tahu yang kuat dan tertarik akan dunia sekitar yang mengelilingi diri mereka sendiri. (2 Senang bermain dan lebih suka bergembira. (3 Suka mengatur dirinya untuk menangani berbagai hal, mengeksplorasi suatu situasi dan mencoba usaha-usaha baru. (4 biasanya tergetar perasaannya dan terdorong untuk berprestasi sebagaimana mereka tidak suka mengalami ketidakpuasan dan menolak kegagalan-kegagalan. (5 Belajar secara efektif ketika merasa puas dengan situasi yang terjadi. (6 Belajar dengan cara bekerja, mengobservasi, berinisiatif dan mengajar anak-anak lainnya ( Mulyani Sumantri & Nana Syaodih, 2000: 12.

  3. IMPLEMENTASI FUNGSI LEMBAGA PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT (LPM TERHADAP PEMBANGUNAN DESA PELEM, KECAMATAN KARANGREJO, KABUPATEN MAGETAN TAHUN 2010-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Indra Kurniawan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Pemerintah membuat peraturan mengenai pembentukan lembaga kemasyarakatan yang salah satunya yaitu Lembaga Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (LPM sebagai penyalur pembangunan untuk percepatan pembangunan pedesaan.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pelaksanaan dan implementasi fungsi Lembaga Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (LPM terhadap pembangunan Desa Pelem, Kecamatan Karangrejo, Kabupaten Magetan tahun 2010-2014.Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Desa Pelem, Kecamatan Karangrejo, Kabupaten Magetan selama enam bulan, yaitu pada Februari sampai dengan Juli 2015.Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif.Sumber data yang digunakan adalah sumber primer dan sekunder.Pengumpulan data menggunakan observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi.Teknik keabsahan data menggunakan triangulasi.Analisis data menggunakan reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan dan verifikasi.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pelaksanaan pembangunan di Desa Pelem, Kecamatan Karangrejo, Kabupaten Magetan sudah cukup baik. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari infrastruktur misalnya pengadaan jalan di Desa Pelem yang sudah diaspal semua, pembuatan saluran air, penyediaan MCK umum, pembuatan kios, pembuatan talut, dan perenovasian Kantor Kepala Desa. Implementasi fungsi LPM terhadap pembangunan Desa Pelem, Kecamatan Karangrejo, Kabupaten Magetan ada yang sudah berjalan dengan baik dan ada yang belum.Fungsi tersebut meliputi sebagai lembaga penanaman dan pemupukan rasa persatuan dan kesatuan masyarakat desa, pengoordinasian perencanaan pembangunan, pengoordinasi perencanaan lembaga kemasyarakatan, perencanaan kegiatan pembangunan secara partisipatif, dan penggalian dan pemanfaatan sumber daya kelembagaan untuk pembangunan di desa.

  4. A Grounded Theory Approach in a Branding Context: Challenges and lessons learnt during the research process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Rindell, PhD.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to discuss challenges and lessons learnt when conducting a classic grounded theory study in a marketing context. The paper focuses on two specific challenges that were met during a specific research process. The first challenge related to positioning the study, namely, specifying“what the study is a study of”. The second challenge concerned the choice between formal or substantive theory. Both challenges were accentuated as the emerged core category concerned a phenomenon that has caught less attention in marketing, that is, the temporal dimension in corporate images. By the temporal dimension in corporate images we mean that corporate images often have roots in earlier times through consumer memories. In other words, consumers are not tabula rasa, that is, blank sheets of paper on which communication messages can be printed. Rather, consumers have a pre-understanding of the company that works as an interpretation framework for company actions in the present. The lessons learnt from this research process can be summarized as “stay faithful to the data”, “write memos on issues you reflect upon although they might be in another substantial field” as they might become useful later, and, “look into thinking in other disciplines” as disciplines do not develop equally.

  5. Preparasi Minimal pada Pembuatan Gigi Tiruan Cekat dengan Fiber Reinforced Composite (FRC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Ayat Santiko

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Dalam praktek sering kali dokter gigi dihadapkan pada pasien yang kehilangan gigi anterior dan ingin segera dibuatkan gigi tiruan karena alasan estetik. Gigi tiruan yang dibuat bisa berupa gigi tiruan sebagian lepasan (GTSL atau gigi tiruan cekat (GTC. Pada GTSL, adanya plat pada palatum menyebabkan rasa tidak nyaman, selain itu pasien setiap kali harus buka pasang gigi tiruan kembali sehingga cukup merepotkan. Oleh karena itu pada umumnya pasien ingin dibuatkan GTC dan hal ini memang sesuai dengan indikasi GTC. Hal yang menjadi pertimbangan pada pembuatan GTC adalah pengasahan permukaan gigi secara keseluruhan bila akan dibuat desain full crown. Pada perkembangan desain GTC ada desain yang disebut resin bonded bridge atau adhesive bridge yaitu GTC yang dibuat pada gigi abutment yang dipreparasi minimal pada bagian palatal saja dan dilekatkan secara mikromekanikal antara retainer sayap logam dan gigi yang telah dipreparasi. Pasien wan ita usia 22 tahun datang ke klinik Prostodonsia RSGM Prof Soedomo UGM karena kehilangan gigi insisif sentral kiri atas. Pada kasus ini dilakukan pembuatan GTC dengan bahan fiber reinforced composite (FRC. Pembuatan bridge dengan bahan FRC dapat dilakukan secara langsung dan tidak langsung. Pada makalah ini akan dibahas pembuatan bridge FRC secara tidak langsung yaitu dengan menggunakan gigi artlfisial komposit. Hasil menunjukkan estetis yang baik, kontrol setelah 2 bulan tidak ada perubahan warna dan pasien merasa puas dengan penampilannya, jaringan gingiva di sekitarnya normal.

  6. ANALISIS MANFAAT COACHING KEWIRAUSAHAAN DALAM PROGRAM PENGABDIAN MASYARAKAT DESA MOJOWARNO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Nasthasya Sitepu

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Kementrian sosial mendefenisikandesa sejahtera mandiri adalah desa yang masyarakatnya memiliki keswadayaan, partisipasi dan kesetiakawanan sosial yang tinggi untuk memenuhi kebutuhan dasar dan mengembangkan penghidupan berkelanjutan serta menciptakan nilai tambah bagi produktivitas desa. Desa sejahtera mandiri bertujuan untuk mengurangi jumlah masyarakat miskin yang ada di Indonesia dengan teknik Coaching kewirausahaan fokus pada lima konteks yaitu: mendengarkan, intuisi, rasa ingin tahu, memperdalan dan mempertajam tujuan masa depan dan pengendalian diri. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif dimana objek penelitian adalah masyarakat desa Mutersari kecamatan Mojowarno kabupaten Jombang yang telah mengikuti coaching kewirausahaan yang diberikan oleh Universitas Ciputra Surabaya. Tujuan penelitian untuk melihat efektifitas penerapan coaching kewirausahaan untuk mewujudkan desa Mojowarno menjadi desa yang sejahtera mandiri. Validasi hasil penelitian menggunakan teknik trianggulasi dengan menggunakan: observasi parisipatif, wawancara mendalam, dan dokumentasi (foto dan hasil wawancara. Hasil penelitian menunjukan coaching kewirausahaan yang dilakukan Universitas Ciputra Surabaya berdampak positif mewujudkan desa Mojowarno menjadi desa sejahtra mandiri. Bukti nyata dari kegiatan coaching masyarakat desa yang tadinya tidak memiliki bisnis saat ini sudah menjalankan bisnis keripik bonggol pisang dan menambah pendapatan perkapita setiap penduduk yang mengikuti coaching kewirausahaan dan menjalankan bisnis keripik bonggol pisang.

  7. EGG TRAY DAUN SALAM (Eugenia polyantha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isna Bekti Pertiwi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Telur ayam ras merupakan salah satu makanan yang bergizi tinggi dengan rasa yang enak dan harga relatif murah serta dapat diolah menjadi berbagai macam produk makanan. Namun, telur ayam ras mentah memiliki sifat mudah menurun kualitasnya dan mudah rusak karena lama wak-tu simpan telur yang relatif pendek. Penelitian ini secara umum bertujuan untuk mengetahui pe-ngaruh penggunaan baki telur daun salam (Eugenia polyantha terhadap lama waktu simpan telur ayam ras mentah yang dicuci dan tidak dicuci, dan secara khusus bertujuan untuk menge-tahui pengaruh perbandingan komposisi 0 %, 20 % dan 40 % dari daun salam yang digunakan. Penelitian yang dilakukan adalah true experiment dengan rancangan post test only with control group. Sebagai kontrol adalah baki telur yang biasa dijumpai di pasaran. Di setiap baki telur, pa-da suhu kamar diletakkan masing-masing 10 butir telur yang tidak dicuci dan 10 butir telur yang dicuci sebelumnya. Pengamatan lama waktu simpan telur dilakukan selama dua puluh tujuh hari dengan melihat perubahan kondisi telur-telur tersebut. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji Anova satu jalan pada α 0,05; dan hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa baki telur dengan komposisi daun salam 40 % adalah yang paling efektif dalam memperpanjang lama waktu simpan telur ayam ras mentah yang dicuci. Nilai mean difference yan dihasilkan adalah 14.00000 dan nilai p lebih kecil dari 0,001.

  8. Automation of the radiological survey process: USRADS ultrasonic ranging and data system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Berven, B.A.; Blair, M.S.; Little, C.A.

    1987-01-01

    The Radiological Survey Activities (RASA) program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) serves as the Inclusion Survey Contractor (ISC) in the Department of Energy's (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action project (UMTRAP). The ISC is to identify properties in the vicinity of 24 inactive uranium mill sites suspected of having 226 Ra-bearing uranium mill tailings by-product material originating from the processing of uranium ore contamination. Mobile gamma scanning was the primary method used to identify these properties. Once identified, the ISC conducts an inclusion survey. This survey performs sufficient radiological measurements to determine if uranium mill tailing contamination is present, and, if so, if it is in excess of relevant Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) criteria. Radon emanating from 226 Ra is the primary pathway of exposure to human occupants at these sites. EPA criteria focus on controlling 226 Ra concentration in soil. The concentration of 226 Ra in soil can be measured directly by soil sampling and subsequent gamma spectrographic analysis of the sample, or by direct measurement of the gamma exposure rate at the soil surface using portable instrumentation in the field. In both methods, the concentration of 226 Ra is inferred by examining the frequency of gamma emission of 214 Bi, a radioactive decay product in the 238 U decay chain

  9. ANALISIS STUDI KELAYAKAN USAHA BISNIS CASSAVA CHIPS DI PERUMAHAN MARDANI RAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utami Gunawati

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan hasil survey diperoleh kebutuhan terhadap keripik singkong sebanyak 517 kg di Perumahan Mardani Raya, dengan hasil sebanyak 187 kg berasal dari  Keripik Berkah. Masih terdapat GAP atau permintaan terhadap kebutuhan yang belum terlayani. Diketahui informasi, jumlah potensial pasar minat terhadap keripik singkong cukup banyak untuk melakukan usaha. Perlu diadakan studi kelayakan usaha ditinjau dari aspek produk, pasar/pemasaran, teknis operasi, manajemen SDM, sosial ekonomi, lingkungan, dan finansial untuk menunjukkan kelayakan dari usaha tersebut. Adapun hasil analisis yang dilakukan pada aspek pasar potensial pasar 11.292 kg / bulan = 135.504 kg/tahun dengan pemasaran manfaatkan media social. Aspek produk ada 5 varian rasa dengan kemasan yang terseal dan diberi label merk. Aspek teknis, pemasok supply bahan baku singkong didapat dari 3 alternatif pasar. Aspek Manajemen SDM dibutuhkan 3 tenaga kerja. Dari ekonomi social dapat membuka lapangan kerja dan menambah penghasilan petani singkong. Aspek lingkungan terdapat limbah kulit singkong dapat dijadikan kerupuk kulit singkong. Aspek finansial untuk usaha selama 5 tahun dengan modal awal sebesar Rp. 56.434.317,- Hasil perhitungan terhadap kriteria penilaian investasi didapat nilai NPV sebesar Rp. 730.802.669, yang artinya selisih antara nilai kas yang akan datang dengan nilai investasi bernilai positif. Nilai IRR sebesar 14 %, lebih besar dari discount factor  sebesar 13 %, dan payback period selama 2 tahun 4 bulan. Maka dapat disimpulkan secara keseluruhan usaha bisnis Cassava Chips NR Jaya ini layak untuk dijalankan.

  10. Development of high efficiency filtered containment venting system by using AgX

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Narabayashi, Tadashi; Fujii, Yasuhiro; Chiba, Go; Tsuji, Masashi; Ishii, Tasuku

    2014-01-01

    Fukushima Daiichi NPP accident would be terminated, if sufficient accident countermeasures, such as water proof door, mobile power, etc. In case of Europe, it had already installed the heat removal system and filtered containment venting system (FCVS) from the lessons of TMI and Chernobyl Accidents. Decay heat removal system and CV spray cooling system with FCVS are ensured by using mobile generators and heat exchangers to keep the ultimate heat sink even in any natural disaster, such as large earthquake, big tsunami, sudden flooding etc. In this paper we introduce high decontamination factor FCVS that used Silver Zeolite named AgX, developed by Rasa Industries, Ltd. Hokkaido University has tested wet type FCVS using venturi scrubber in water pool and dry type FCVS using metallic filter for 1st stage, and AgX for 2nd stage. Since the AgX needs super heat steam, it is possible to heat up steam by heat exchanger. It is confirmed by TRAC analysis. (author)

  11. Results of the radiological survey at 14 Orford Street, Colonie, New York (AL182)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Espegren, M.L.; Marley, J.L.; Carrier, R.F.

    1988-02-01

    A number of properties in the Albany/Colonie area have been identified as being potentially contaminated with uranium originating from the former National Lead Company's uranium forming plant in Colonie, New York. Radiological surveys were performed at 27 properties by members of the Radiological Survey Activities (RASA) group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) during the period July 13--July 26, 1986. The property at 14 Orford Street in Colonie, New York (AL182) was the subject of a radiological investigation initiated July 23, 1986. The residential property consists of a two-story frame house located on a rectangular lot. An asphalt driveway connects the house to the street. A diagram of the property showing the approximate boundaries and the 5-m grid network established for measurements outside the house is shown. The lot included in the radiological survey was /approximately/15 m wide by 34 m deep. Front and rear views of the property are shown. 13 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs

  12. PERGULATAN TEOLOGI SALAFI DALAM MAINSTREAM KEBERAGAMAAN MASYARAKAT SASAK

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    Faizah Faizah

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The Salafi movement has recently spread so widely in Indonesia that it has reached rural communities. In that context, its contact with local beliefs and practices produces a dynamic and creative tension between them. This paper will explore the contact dynamics by photographing wrestle of Salafi’s theological movement and beliefs in the mainstream of theological beliefs of local Sasak society of Lombok. The authors found that local knowledge that expressed through practicing several ceremonies associated with the human life-cycle from moment of human birth to death events considered by the Salafi as unauthentic element of Islam called heretic to which the Salafi has to carry out purification. That potential conflict between the Sasak and Salafis, requiring mutual respect and tolerance among them.Abstrak: Gerakan Salafi akhir-akhir ini semakin meluas penyebarannya di Indonesia hingga mencapai wilayah-wilayah pedesaan. Dalam konteks itu persentuhannya dengan keyakinan dan praktek masyarakat lokal menciptakan dinamika dan ketegangan kreatif di antara mereka. Tulisan ini akan mengupas dinamika itu dengan memotret pergulatan paham teologi gerakan Salafi itu di tengah mainstream keyakinan keberagamaan masyarakat Sasak, Lombok. Penulis menemukan bahwa keyakinan lokal yang diekspresikan melalui penyelenggaraan beberapa upacara yang berhubungan dengan lingkaran hidup manusia dari peristiwa kelahiran hingga kematian dipandang oleh kaum Salafi sebagai unsur baru yang disebut bid’ah dan keharusan bagi Salafi untuk melakukan purifikasi. Hal itu berpotensi menimbulkan konflik antara Sasak dan Salafi, sehingga diperlukan sikap saling menghargai dan tenggang rasa di antara mereka.

  13. Ibm Kelurahan Siwalan Kecamatan Gayamsari Kota Semarang

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    Ibnu Toto Husodo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Gapura bukan semata-mata bangunan fisik yang diartikan sebagai pintu gerbang, tanda batas kota, kabupaten, desa atau kampung. Menurut tradisi, gapura merupakan wujud ungkapan selamat datang yang familiar, semanak, welcome. ?é?áGapura?é?á mewakili?é?á keramahan ?é?ádan ?é?árasa ?é?áhormat?é?á tuan ?é?árumah ?é?ákepada setiap orang atau tamu yang datang.Umumnya gapura dibangun?é?á ?é?áuntuk memperingati Hari Kemerdekaan. Gapura telah menjadi simbol gotong royong, keakraban dan kebersamaan warga masyarakat. Yang menumbuhkan kerinduan setiap tahunnya khususnya menjelang peringatan Hari Kemerdekaan. Dengan ?é?ámembangun?é?á atau ?é?ámerenovasi ?é?ágapura,?é?á nilai-nilai ?é?ákebersamaan dan semangat gotong royong , diperbaharui dalam hati setiap warga. Kegiatan merenovasi, mengecat ulang, membuat atau membangun gapura menjadi lebih menarik ketika pihak-pihak swasta ikut terlibat dengan cara mengadakan lomba mempercantik gapura. Dalam rangka untuk menyambut hari Kemerdekaan ke-70, maka perlu diadakan perbaikan bando GAPURA di wilayah kelurahan Siwalan Kecamatan Gayamsari?é?á ?é?áKota Semarang. Oleh sebab itu kami selaku Akademisi dari Universitas PGRI Semarang melakukan kegiatan Tri Dharma Perguruan Tinggi dengan bentuk Pengabdian Masyarakat untuk program Perbaikan Bando Gapura di Jl. Plewan II Kelurahan Siwalan Kecamatan Gayamsari Kota Semarang, beserta masyarakat setempat sepakat melakukan kegiatan bersama guna merenovasi gapura. ?é?á Kata kunci : gapura , pintu gerbang gapura.

  14. Creative planning and social sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiane Oliveira Teles

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Este texto presenta el paradigmático caso llamado "Cantinho do Céu" (Rinconcito del Cielo, en São Paulo, Brasil, lo que ilustra el cómo extrapolar los conceptos de "Planificación Creativa" y el pilar "social" de sostenibilidad, además de las rasas prácticas capitalistas habituales, llevando a transformaciones del desarrollo sostenible. El proyecto, iniciado el 2008, trata de una ocupación precaria ilegalmente asentada en un área ambientalmente protegida, resultado de la expansión urbana no planificada y desorganizada de la ciudad. El estudio explica cómo fue posible el proceso de superación de prácticas de planificación ortodoxas y restrictivas, a través del conocimiento interdisciplinario, de acciones colectivas, enfoque proactivo y planificación creativa, lo que ayudó a reconocer la existencia de un asentamiento consolidado como un tejido con potencial para construir un lugar donde los pilares social, económico y ambiental trabajan juntos. Los debates y negociaciones entre actores de la cumbre y de la base fueron indispensables para materializar la convivencia socioecológica, aumentando la interacción social y la atención de la comunidad al medio ambiente, recuperando los atributos inter y intrageracional y buscando integrar el asentamiento informal a la ciudad formal.

  15. MENIMBANG KONVENSI INTERNASIONAL NO. 11806 UNTUK PENGELOLAAN SUMBERDAYA BUDAYA DI INDONESIA Considering International Convention No. 11806 for Cultural Resource Management in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarjiyanto Sarjiyanto

    2016-07-01

    Abstrak Tulisan ini didasarkan pada rasa keprihatinan akan berlangsungnya berbagai kasus hilangnya benda cagar budaya baik yang ada di situs maupun yang tersimpan di museum yang ada di Indonesia. Banyak pihak yang meyakini bahwa benda-benda warisan leluhur tersebut banyak berpindah tangan ke wilayah luar Indonesia baik di Asia maupun Eropa. Undang-undang tentang perlindungan cagar budaya yang ada sepertinya tidak mampu mencegah atau menangani bahkan mengembalikan benda-benda yang sudah dibawa ke luar negeri, yang berujung pada penyalahan atas minimnya anggaran, peralatan, sumber daya manusia dan sebagainya. Oleh karena itu, perlu dikaji aspek perundangan lain seperti konvensi internasional, yang mungkin dapat diadopsi pasal-pasalnya untuk memperkuat perundangan yang ada di Indonesia. Perlu juga diperhatikan perundangan lain yang terkait termasuk mendorong masuknya pasal tentang pelanggaran BCB dalam Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana yang pernah diwacanakan untuk diamandemen. Penjabaran secara lebih detail dari pasal yang ada dalam Undang-Undang Tentang Cagar Budaya melalui peraturan di tingkat bawahnya menyesuaikan dengan situasi terkini juga perlu diselesaikan segera.   Kata Kunci: konvensi internasional, cagar budaya, produk perundang-undangan, situasi nasional dan internasional

  16. DIFUSI INOVASI MARKETING MIX MELALUI KELOMPOK USAHA SEKTOR INFORMAL (UPAYA PENINGKATAN PEMASARAN PRODUK SEKTOR INFORMAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugiharini Sugiharini

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Sektor informal sebagai sektor usaha yang punya andil penting dalam penyerapan tenaga kerja akhir-akhir ini. Dalam situasi dimana sektor formal belum mampu mengimbangi laju pertumbuhan tenaga kerja karena berbagai kendala terutama karena faktor SDM dan iklim dunia usaha formal yang belum kondusif, maka pilihan sektor informal menjadi prioritas. Berdasarkan fakta yang ada banyak sektor informal yang telah berkembang dan berhasil. Dan sebaliknya tidak sedikit pula yang gagal di perjalanan terutama disebabkan faktor individu kewirausahaan terutama faktor akses pasar. Sebenarnya kalau kita cermati dan analisis lebih dalam terutama mereka-mereka yang sukses ada aspek nilai pemasaran yang selama ini terlupakan dan berada di luar marketing mix. Dan aspek ini lambat laun akan menjadi citra merek yang melekat di hati konsumen dan akan mendatangkan omzet yang tinggi. Ambil contoh kasus ayam goreng Wong Solo. Kalau dilihat dari atribut produk yang melekat tidak jauh berbeda dengan produk-produk lain, dan produk ini terkesan mengabaikan faktor marketing mix dalam promosi produk. Namun ada satu kelebihan dibanding dengan yang lain yaitu cita rasa khas yang sudah melekat dan punya posisi tersendiri di lidah konsumen. Konsumen sudah mampu membedakan produk ini dengan yang lain. Berbagai contoh kasus di atas tampaknya pas sebagai gambaran dari divusi inovasi marketing mix. Selain itu juga bisa ditempuh dengan membentuk kelompok usaha sehingga mempunyai kekuatan dan pertahanan yang kuat.

  17. Analisis Gameplay Game Genre Virtual Pet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abi Senoprabowo

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Game adalah struktur interaktif yang membuat pemain berjuang menuju sebuah tujuan. Game dapat memberikan emosi dan mood, menghubungkan dengan orang latihan, sarana latihan, serta dapat memberikan edukasi. Salah satu game yang berkembang saat ini adalah game bergenre Virtual pet. Game virtual pet merupakan game simulasi memelihara sesuatu. Virtual pet memiliki gameplay yang menarik dan menyenangkan yang membuat pemain seolah-olah benar-benar memiliki binatang peliharaan mereka sendiri. Virtual pet dianggap oleh sebagian besar penggunanya dapat memberikan kegembiraan serta rasa kasih sayang karena tingkat interaksinya yang baik. Banyak pengembang game pemula yang mengembangkan genre ini sebagai game yang mereka buat karena kemudahaan dan tingkat penggunanya yang banyak. Akan tetapi banyak dari pengembang game pemula tidak memperhatikan tingkat keberlanjutan game virtual pet yang mereka buat sehingga membuat pemain cepat bosan. Pada penelitian ini, analisis game bergenre virtual pet yang sudah sukses dibuat seperti Zombigotchi, Tamagotchi Unicorn, dan Bird Land, diharapkan dapat membantu para pengembang game pemula agar mengetahui cara merancang dan mengembangkan game virtual pet dengan baik. Kata Kunci: game, gameplay, virtual pet

  18. Efektifitas Propolis Toothpaste sebagai Initial Therapy pada Mild Gingivitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nila Kasuma

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Karakteristik gingivitis ringan adalah terjadinya perubahan warna gusi, edema ringan, tidak ada pendarahan dan tanpa ada rasa nyeri. Jika pasien tidak mendapatkan perawatan yang tepat, gingivitis dapat berubah menjadi periodontitis yang menyebabkan kerusakan jaringan tulang rahang alveolar, menyebabkan kerusakan jaringan lebih lanjut secara lokal dan sistemik melalui pembuluh darah. Pemilihan terapi yang tepat sangat penting untuk mengurangi prevalensi dari penyakit ini. Selain proses scaling dan kontrol plak, penggunaan pasta gigi propolis dapat digunakan sebagai terapi awal. Komposisi pasta gigi yang mengandung propolis memiliki efek anti-inflamasi yang bermanfaat sebagai salah satu terapi awal untuk mengobati gingivitis ringan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen. Indeks gingiva dari 15 pasien diukur sebelum dan sesudah penggunaan pasta gigi propolis. Analisis data dilakukan dengan cara univariat untuk menggambarkan masing-masing variabel dengan Kolmogorov-Smirnof Test. Perbedaan indeks gingiva antara sebelum dan sesudah menyikat gigi dengan pasta gigi yang mengandung propolis dianalisis dengan uji T berpasangan. Pasta gigi yang mengandung propolis ini terbukti efektif dalam terapi awal gingivitis ringan dengan rata-rata pengurangan skor indeks gingiva sebelum dan sesudah adalah 0,40 ± 0,04. Terdepat perbedaan yang signifikan (p <0,05 antara rata-rata penurunan nilai gingiva indeks sebelum dan setelah penggunaan pasta gigi yang mengandung propolis.

  19. EFEKTIVITAS PENGEMBANGAN MEDIA PERMAINAN ULAR TANGGA SEBAGAI SARANA BELAJAR TEMATIK SD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moch. Chabib

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Playing by learning is a way of learning that appropriate with the characteristics of elementary school children today. Which (1 Start of critical thinking. (2 Start emerging competition between friends. (3 Having a deep curiosity. (4 Love asked and (5 Likes groups. This is supported by the results of the field observations showed that when the class is still a lot of students were busy playing and tend to be passive, when the teacher was giving a lesson. Traditional game of snakes and ladders is familiar with elementary school children. Therefore we need a through study on how to take advantage of this game help the studen learning, so it is can solve the problem of declining motivation and involvement of the student in the classroom. Bermain sambil belajar merupakan sebuah pendekatan pembelajaran yang sangat sesuai dengan karakteristik belajar anak SD saat ini, yaitu (1 mulai berpikir kritis, (2 mulai muncul persaingan antar teman, (3 mempunyai rasa ingin tahu yang mendalam, (4 suka bertanya, dan (5 suka berkelompok. Hal ini didukung dengan hasil pengamatan di lapangan yang menunjukkan bahwa ketika dikelas masih banyak siswa yang asyik bermain dan cenderung pasif, padahal guru sedang memberikan penjelasan.Permainan ular tangga merupakan permainan tradisional yang sudah akrab dengan anak SD. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan sebuah kajian yang mendalam tentang bagaimana cara memanfaatkan permainan ini dalam pembelajaran sehingga dapat mengatasi masalah tentang menurunnya motivasi dan keaktifan siswa di kelas.

  20. MemBrain: An Easy-to-Use Online Webserver for Transmembrane Protein Structure Prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Xi; Yang, Jing; Xiao, Feng; Yang, Yang; Shen, Hong-Bin

    2018-03-01

    Membrane proteins are an important kind of proteins embedded in the membranes of cells and play crucial roles in living organisms, such as ion channels, transporters, receptors. Because it is difficult to determinate the membrane protein's structure by wet-lab experiments, accurate and fast amino acid sequence-based computational methods are highly desired. In this paper, we report an online prediction tool called MemBrain, whose input is the amino acid sequence. MemBrain consists of specialized modules for predicting transmembrane helices, residue-residue contacts and relative accessible surface area of α-helical membrane proteins. MemBrain achieves a prediction accuracy of 97.9% of A TMH, 87.1% of A P, 3.2 ± 3.0 of N-score, 3.1 ± 2.8 of C-score. MemBrain-Contact obtains 62%/64.1% prediction accuracy on training and independent dataset on top L/5 contact prediction, respectively. And MemBrain-Rasa achieves Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.733 and its mean absolute error of 13.593. These prediction results provide valuable hints for revealing the structure and function of membrane proteins. MemBrain web server is free for academic use and available at www.csbio.sjtu.edu.cn/bioinf/MemBrain/. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

  1. Analisa Arc Flash Pada Sistem Kelistrikan Di PT. Wilmar Nabati Indonesia, Gresik – Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Aji Nugroho

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Studi untuk mengetahui besar busur api yang dihasilkan pada masing-masing switchgear perlu dilakukan untuk mengklasifikasikan kategori energi busur api yang terjadi serta kaitannya dengan PPE (Personal Protective Equipment yang harus dikenakan pekerja sebagai langkah pencegahan agar terhindar dari jatuhnya korban jiwa. Oleh karena itu perlu dilakukan perhitungan insiden energi arc flash sesuai standar IEEE 1584-2002 serta pengklasifikasian kategori dan alat perlindungan diri yang tepat agar memberikan rasa aman dan nyaman bagi para pekerja sehingga dapat bekerja secara optimal. Studi ini akan coba diterapkan pada sistem kelistrikan di PT. Wilmar Nabati Indonesia, Gresik – Jawa Timur mengingat pentingnya perusahaan tersebut mengamankan peralatan serta pekerjanya dari insiden energy arc flash. Hasil yang didapat pada tugas akhir ini adalah pada tipikal 1 nilai insiden energinya mengalami peningkatan yaitu dari 1.988 cal/cm2 menjadi 8.66 cal/cm2, pada tipikal 2 nilai insiden energi tertinggi 19.596 cal/cm2 turun menjadi 6.00 cal/cm2, pada tipikal 3 nilai insiden energi nya mengalami peningkatan yaitu dari 19.596 cal/cm2 menjadi 36.52 cal/cm2 kenaikan ini disebabkan karena terjadi kesalahan koordinasi rele.

  2. Epidemiologia do traumatismo da coluna vertebral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Ferraz de Campos

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliação epidemiológica retrospectiva de 100 casos de traumatismo da coluna vertebral. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal de dados colhidos por levantamento de prontuário, segundo protocolo de decodificação local. RESULTADOS: Predomínio etário de 20 a 40 anos em 64% dos casos; sexo masculino em 86%; segmento toracolombar mais comumente atingido 64% e 36% para o segmento cervical; principais causas foram às quedas em 40%, seguidas de acidentes automobilísticos em 25% e quedas da laje 23%. A prevalência dos ferimentos por arma de fogo foi de 7%, mergulho em águas rasas 3% e agressões 2%. Houve análise complementar com cruzamentos entre idade, sexo, causa e segmento da coluna vertebral acometido, observando que o segmento cervical teve grande predomínio nas mulheres em relação aos homens em 85,7% X 14,3%. CONCLUSÃO: O traumatismo da coluna vertebral ocorreu predominantemente em homens entre 20 e 40 anos e o segmento cervical foi o mais acometido nas mulheres em relação aos homens na proporção de 6:1.

  3. IKAN GABUS (Channa striata MANFAAT PENGEMBANGAN DAN ALTERNATIF TEKNIK BUDIDAYANYA

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    Nurbakti Listyanto

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Ikan gabus (Channa striata merupakan jenis ikan yang bernilai ekonomis. Di Indonesia penyebarannya antara lain di Sumatera, Jawa, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, dan Papua. Spesies ini memiliki rasa yang khas, tekstur daging tebal dan putih sehingga harganya pun cukup mahal baik dalam bentuk segar maupun kering (ikan asin. Selain itu, memiliki kandungan albumin yang diperlukan tubuh manusia dalam mengatasi berbagai penyakit terutama yang disebabkan berkurangnya jumlah protein darah. Ikan ini termasuk salah satu jenis ikan karnivora air tawar dikarenakan sifatnya yang gemar memangsa ikan-ikan kecil sebagai pakannya. Walaupun memiliki potensi strategis, serta kegunaan yang luas dalam industri pangan maupun farmasi, namun di Indonesia masih belum banyak dibudidayakan karena belum dikuasai teknik budidayanya. Pemeliharaan bersama ikan mujair di kolam, penggunaan campuran pakan buatan kaya nutrisi, serta pemanfaatan tanaman air dalam proses pemijahan merupakan alternatif budidaya yang perlu dikembangkan.

  4. A Heuristic Task Scheduling Algorithm for Heterogeneous Virtual Clusters

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    Weiwei Lin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing provides on-demand computing and storage services with high performance and high scalability. However, the rising energy consumption of cloud data centers has become a prominent problem. In this paper, we first introduce an energy-aware framework for task scheduling in virtual clusters. The framework consists of a task resource requirements prediction module, an energy estimate module, and a scheduler with a task buffer. Secondly, based on this framework, we propose a virtual machine power efficiency-aware greedy scheduling algorithm (VPEGS. As a heuristic algorithm, VPEGS estimates task energy by considering factors including task resource demands, VM power efficiency, and server workload before scheduling tasks in a greedy manner. We simulated a heterogeneous VM cluster and conducted experiment to evaluate the effectiveness of VPEGS. Simulation results show that VPEGS effectively reduced total energy consumption by more than 20% without producing large scheduling overheads. With the similar heuristic ideology, it outperformed Min-Min and RASA with respect to energy saving by about 29% and 28%, respectively.

  5. Effects of road type during transport on lamb welfare and meat quality in dry hot climates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda-de la Lama, Genaro C; Monge, Paula; Villarroel, Morris; Olleta, Jose Luis; García-Belenguer, Sylvia; María, Gustavo A

    2011-06-01

    This study determined whether transporting lambs on paved (PR) or unpaved roads (UR) for 3 h had an effect on plasma stress indicators (cortisol, lactate, glucose, creatine kinase [CK], red blood cells, white blood cells, hematocrit, and neutrophil/lymphocyte [N/L] ratio) and instrumental meat quality (pH24, bruising score, water holding capacity [WHC], color, and texture). A total of 48 Rasa Aragonesa male lambs were used that were approximately 100 days old (12.5 kg ± 1.64, carcass weight). The results suggest that transport on unpaved roads had a significant influence on physiological and hematological stress parameters. Road type had a significant effect on all variables, except for white and red blood cells, and hematocrit levels. The UR lambs had significantly higher (at least p ≤ 0.01) cortisol, lactate, glucose, and CK levels and a higher N/L ratio than PR lambs. Meat from UR lambs had some dark-cutting characteristics, with a darker color, higher ultimate pH, and higher tenderness values than PR. In conclusion, lambs transported on unpaved roads had a more intense stress response and poorer meat quality than lambs transported on paved roads. An effort to improve the logistics associated with route planning is necessary to prevent welfare problems during transport to slaughter.

  6. A Reflection on the Aesthetics of Indian Music, With Special Reference to Hindustani Raga-Sangita

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    Santosh Kumar Pudaruth

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Like in any other heteronomous art-forms, the practitioners of Indian music and dance (Bharatiya Sangita aim at expressing emotions and creating the aesthetic or the “beautiful.” Indian thinkers and musicologists have gone a step further in declaring that Indian classical music (Raga-Sangita is the most appropriate means for attaining aesthetic experience and delight, and the most suitable pathway, if not, downright, short-cut, toward self-realization or realization of the Ultimate Reality or Truth. Thus, aesthetics and spirituality make up the very woof and warp of the Indian arts, in general, and Raga-Sangita, in particular. Raga-Sangita is, thus, considered a spiritual exercise (nada sadhana to attain salvation (moksha through sound. This conceptual article reflects upon and sheds light on the Theory of Rasa, as propounded in Indian Aesthetics, and attempts to make an assessment of it in relation to Hindustani Raga-Sangita. Through this theory, the author examines and explains the different causes leading to an aesthetic experience, referred to as “out-of-this-world” (alaukika. In doing so, he also brings to light the possible pitfalls which both the performer and the listener should avoid.

  7. The emotional fundamentals of personality and the higher affective polarities of mind. Comment on "Personality from a cognitive-biological perspective" by Y. Neuman

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panksepp, Jaak; Davis, Ken

    2014-12-01

    In brain-based personality theory, two things seem certain: i) the evolved functional organization of our subcortical affective mind, and ii) the diverse potentials for developmental programming of our high cognitive minds (i.e., our initially empty - tabula rasa like - neocortical spaces are largely developmentally programed to manifest higher mental abilities). In considering these two global aspects of brain-mind functions, we can be confident that primal subcortical functions (e.g., the capacity for raw emotions/affects, evident in all vertebrate species) evolved. Indeed, ancient creatures such as lamprey eels, with whom we shared ancestry 560 million years ago, still posses most neural systems that are homologous to those that constitute our own primal affective capacities [1]. Considering that primal emotional affects arise from such systems, there appears to be some remarkable continuity in our primal mental origins. The neural foundations of human emotional feelings, long neglected by academic psychology (for lack of empirical accessibility), may contain the rudimentary neuro-affective substrates of personality [2].

  8. TINJAUAN KRIMINOLOGIS PENYALAHGUNAAN DEXTROMETHORPHAN (DMP OLEH REMAJA DI KABUPATEN JEPARA (STUDI KASUS DI POLRES JEPARA

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    Dedy Nor Ardiyanto

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang melatarbelakangi penyalahgunaan dextromethorphan oleh remaja di Kabupaten Jepara dan untuk mengetahui upaya yang dilakukan oleh pihak kepolisisan Polres Jepara serta hambatan dalam menanggulangi penyalahgunaan dextromethorphan oleh remaja di Kabupaten Jepara. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode yuridis empiris yang bersifat deskriptif. Sumber data primer yaitu wawancara dan data sekunder yaitu sumber hukum primer, sekunder dan tersier. Metode pengumpulan data dengan wawancara dan studi kepustakaan kemudian data dianalisis secara kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor-faktor yang melatarbelakangi ada dua yaitu internal yakni kepribadian dan rasa ingin tahu/keinginan untuk mencoba dari diri remaja dan eksternal yakni lingkungan, baik keluarga, masyarakat, serta faktor pendidikan remaja. Upaya yang dilakukan oleh pihak Kepolisian Polres Jepara dalam menanggulanginya melalui dua tahap yakni upaya pencegahan yang terdiri dari tindakan pre-emtif dan tindakan preventif, kemudian tahap kedua melalui upaya penindakan represif. Hambatan yang dialami pihak Kepolisian terdiri dari hambatan internal yakni jumlah personel Sat Narkoba yang tidak memenuhi, bocornya informasi dan minimnya dana. Sedangkan hambatan eksternalnya yakni aturan hukum yang kurang jelas terhadap penyalahgunaan dextromethorphan, kurangnya kesadaran dari pihak-pihak terkait (apotek dan Dinas Kesehatan, dan masyarakat yang kurang kooperatif dengan pihak kepolisian.

  9. Biological Evaluation of Polyherbal Ayurvedic Cardiotonic Preparation “Mahamrutyunjaya rasa”

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    Pallavi D. Rai

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Mahamrutyunjaya rasa (MHR, an Ayurvedic formulation, used as cardiotonic, contains potentially toxic compounds like aconitine, which are detoxified during preparation using traditional methods. Comparative toxicological evaluation of laboratory prepared formulation (F1 and two marketed formulations (F2 and F3 were performed based on their effects on viability of H9c2 cells and after single oral dose administration in mice. Cardioprotective effect of formulations at 25 and 50 mg/kg doses were studied in isoproterenol- (ISO- induced myocardial infarcted rats. F1 and F2 did not affect the cell viability, while F3 decreased the cell viability in concentration and time-dependent manner. Rats administered with ISO showed significant increase in the serum levels of glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, alkaline phosphotase, creatinine kinase isoenzymes, lactate dehydrogenase, and uric acid, while F1 and F2 treatment showed significant reduction in the same. F3 showed further increase in the serum levels of enzymes and uric acid in ISO-challenged rats. High pressure liquid chromatographic analysis of formulations showed higher concentration of aconitine in F3. Study shows that F1 and F2 possess cardioprotective property with higher safety, while formulation F3 cannot be used as cardioprotective due to its cytotoxic effects. Thus, proper quality assessment methods are required during preparation of traditional formulations.

  10. Perancangan Game Math Adventure Sebagai Media Pembelajaran Matematika Berbasis Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Rizky Rahadi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Upaya meningkatkan efisiensi penyediaan aplikasi yang mengandung unsur pendidikan diperlukan berbagai alternatif dan inovasi baru dalam hal pemrograman untuk bisa diterapkan sebagai alat untuk mempermudah proses pembelajaran. Adanya game edukasi matematika ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berhitung anak dalam proses pembelajaran matematika, dan menghilangkan rasa jenuh dan takut bagi anak-anak untuk belajar matematika. Game edukasi ini sangat berguna dibidang pendidikan khususnya matematika. Penulis memilih anak berusia 6 tahun sampai 9 tahun sebagai pengguna dalam game edukasi ini, karena akan lebih efektif jika mulai belajar matematika dari kecil karena di usia itulah anak-anak bisa dengan mudah mengingat dalam belajar menghitung. Metodologi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Multimedia Development Life Cycle (MDLC yang bersumber dari Luther dan sudah dimodifikasi oleh Sutopo. Alat bantu yang digunakan untuk menganalisis penyusun menggunakan Unified Modeling Language (UML. Sedangkan aplikasi yang digunakan dalam pembuatam skripsi ini adalah construct 2. Penerapan game edukasi matematika ini diharapkan dapat mengatasi masalah tersebut. Jadi disaat anak memainkan game ini anak tidak bosan dan tidak takut untuk belajar matematika, dengan harapan semangat anak untuk belajar akan lebih terpacu dan meningkatkan kualitas belajar anak. Untuk game edukasi ini sendiri diharapkan dapat dikembangkan lagi dalam hal animasi, desain, fitur, dan music sehingga menjadi semakin atraktif.

  11. KIOS PASAR SEBAGAI OBJEK JAMINAN KREDIT

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    Nurul Masfufah

    2016-11-01

    Abstrak Jurnal ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis kios pasar sebagai objek jaminan kredit. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian Yuridis Normatif (Normatif Legal Research dengan menggunakan pendekatan perundang-undangan yang bersifat konseptual. Kemudian dibantu dengan bahan-bahan hukum yang akan diuraikan, dideskripsikan, dan dianalisis keterkaitan satu sama lain. Jaminan berkaitan erat sekali dengan pemberian kredit. Jaminan yang baik haruslah yang dapat memberikan rasa aman,  memberikan kepastian hukum dan dapat memberikan perlindungan hukum bagi kreditor. Ada berbagai macam bentuk jaminan yang diberikan debitor,  diantaranya berupa kios pasar. Kios pasar di dalam hukum jaminan kebendaan tidak bisa dikategorikan sebagai benda tidak bergerak karena kios pasar untuk dapat dikategorikan sebagai “benda” belum memenuhi unsur yang ada dalam Buku II KUHPerdata, yang mana kios pasar hanya merupakan ijin pemakaian tempat semata dimana tidak melahirkan hubungan kebendaan, oleh karena tidak ada hubungan langsung antara pedagang dengan bendanya (kios pasar yang dipakainya. Sehingga apabila kios pasar dijadikan suatu jaminan kredit maka perlindungan hukum untuk kreditor itu sendiri lemah karena kios pasar tidak dapat diikat dengan lembaga penjamin yang ada di Indonesia.

  12. PENGGUNAAN EKSTRAK TEH HIJAU (Camellia sinensis SEBAGAI PENGHAMBAT PEMBENTUKAN HISTAMIN PADA IKAN SEBELUM DIOLAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Sri Heruwati

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian penggunaan ekstrak teh hijau (Camellia sinensis sebagai penghambat pembentukan histamin pada ikan telah dilakukan. Ikan, terutama dari jenis skombroid, sangat rentan mengalami kerusakan karena terjadinya perubahan asam amino histidin yang terkandung dalam ikan menjadi senyawa histamin yang bersifat alergen, yang dikatalisasi oleh enzim histamin dekarboksilase (HDC. Teh hijau diketahui mengandung polifenol berupa senyawa epigalokatekingalat (EGCG yang merupakan penghambat enzim HDC, sehingga dekarboksilasi histidin menjadi histamin dapat dicegah. Perendaman ikan tongkol dalarn ekstrak teh hijau pada konsentrasi 0, 2, dan 4% dilakukan selama 30 menit, diikuti dengan pernindangan dalam larutan gararn 15% selama 30 menit diteruskan dengan penyimpanan ikan pindang pada suhu kamar. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan setiap hari selarna 4 hari penyimpanan untuk diamati perubahan mutu kimiawi (TVB dan kadar histarnin, mikrobiologi JPC dan bakteri pembentuk histamin, serta organoleptik (kenampakan, bau, tekstur, lendir, rasa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ikan yang direndam dalam ekstrak teh 4% mempunyai kadar histamin 21,3 ppm, jauh lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan ikan yang direndam dalam ekstrak teh 2% dan 0% yang masing-masing mencapai 64,4 pprn dan 101,4 ppm. Penghambatan pembentukan histamin oleh ekstrak teh hijau masih terjadi selama penyimpanan, yang terlihat dari rendahnya jumlah bakteri pembentuk histarnin dan kadar histamin dibandingkan dengan kontrol. Pada penyimpanan hari ke-3, penghambatan pembentukan histamin oleh ekstrak teh hijau tidak efektif, kemungkinan karena terlalu tingginya jurnlah bakteri pembentuk histamin, yaitu mencapai 108 cfu/g.

  13. ISLAM ABOGE DALAM TRADISI JAWA ALASTUA

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    Sakirman Sakirman

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Islam masuk ke tanah Jawa dalam keadaan penduduknya telah memiliki tradisi dan budaya berupa kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada benda-benda tertentu (dinamisme, adanya kekuatan pada arwah orang yang meninggal (animisme dan kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada binatang-binatang (totemisme. Tradisi ini telah diwariskan secara turun temurun, diyakini, dan diamalkan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Ketika Islam datang, keyakinan dan kepercayaan tersebut  melebur dalam budaya Islam. Sehingga munculah apa yang disebut dengan sinkretisme Islam, yaitu akulturasi budaya Islam dengan tradisi lokal. Di antara bentuk akulturasi budaya lokal (Jawa dengan Islam adalah tradisi yang dianut oleh komunitas Islam Aboge. Komunitas ini melaksanakan tradisi-tradisi Jawa dengan dibumbui tradisi Islam, maka munculah Islam dengan cita rasa lokal (islam lokal. Kekhasan dari komunitas ini adalah masih menggunakan model Penanggalan Islam Jawa yakni Penanggalan Aboge untuk menetapkan awal Ramadhan, Hari Raya Idhul Fitri dan Idhul Adha. Kata Aboge adalah singkatan dari Alip Rebo Wage yang mempunyai arti Tanggal 1 Muharram Tahun Alif akan jatuh pada hari Rebo (Rabu pasaran Wage. Aboge adalah dasar perhitungan almanak (kalender dalam satu windu atau delapan tahun, maka yang dimaksud Aboge adalah dasar suatu perhitungan. Penggunaan penanggalan dengan sistem Aboge mengakibatkan pelaksanaan ibadah puasa, perayaan Idhul Fitri, dan Idhul Adha yang dilaksanakan oleh komunitas Aboge selalu mengalami perbedaan  dengan keputusan yang telah ditetapkan oleh pemerintah melalui sidang Itsbat.

  14. Balanceo de un sistema de cosecha mecanizado utilizando simulación de eventos discretos.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Aracena

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Se analizó un sistema de cosecha mecanizado, operando en una faena a tala rasa de pino radiata y conformado por un feller buncher, un skidder con garra, un procesador y un trineumático. Un Modelo de Simulación de Eventos Discretos (MSED fue desarrollado con el propósito de balancear el sistema. El proceso mecanizado de madera fue el limitante del sistema de acuerdo con los resultados del estudio de tiempos, entonces este proceso fue apoyado agregando a 3 operadores de motosierra para alcanzar una producción de 60,82 m3/Hora-Máquina (HM en la configuración propuesta. Simulado el madereo se determinó que para balancear la producción obtenida en proceso, el skidder con garra debía operar a una distancia promedio de madereo (DPM de 80 m, realizando una detención para completar una carga de cuatro fustes. Finalmente, el feller buncher puede usar hasta 1,6 minutos adicionales para formar las pilas que permitan lograr la producción esperada para el sistema. De acuerdo con la experimentación de simulación se podría lograr una producción del sistema de 60,39 m3/HM, si todas las modificaciones propuestas en volteo, apilado, madereo y proceso son realizadas.

  15. KOEFISIEN TRANSFER MASSA PADA PROES EKSTRAKSI KAYU MANIS (CINNAMOMUM BURMANNI

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    Faleh Setia Budi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Tanaman kayu manis mengandung minyak atsiri yang mempunyai banyak manfaat seperti bahan antiseptis, pewangi/peningkatan cita rasa untuk menyegarkan bau sabun, deterjen, lotion, parfum, dan cream. Pengambilan minyak atsiri kayu manis pada penelitian ini dilakukan dengan cara ekstraksi dengan pelarut n-heksana teknis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan konstanta kesetimbangan ekstraksi kulit kayu manis serta mempelajari pengaruh diameter pengaduk dan kecepatan putar pengaduk terhadap nilai koefisien transfer massa dan juga nilai difusivitas efektifnya. Setiap 40 gram kayu manis yang telah dihaluskan dan diayak dengan ukuran tertentu diekstraksi dengan 200 ml n-heksana teknis pada labu leher tiga dengan pengaduk magnetik selama 150 menit pada suhu 55°C. Setiap 25 menit diambil cuplikan untuk dianalisa kadar minyaknya dengan cara penimbangan. Data-data konsentrasi solut dalam solven dari penelitian diolah lebih lanjut untuk mendapatkan nilai Kc dan De dengan menyelesaikan persamaan diferensial parsial menggunakan metode Finite Difference Approximation cara implisit dan optimasi 2 peubah menggunakan minimasi Hooke-Jeeves. Kesimpulan yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini adalah harga Kc naik sebanding  dengan kenaikan  kecepatan  putar pengaduk dan diameter pengaduk, sedangkan harga De yang diperoleh relatif tetap, sehingga dapat diperoleh hubungan persamaan kelompok tak berdimensi Sh =  4,8136 x 10-3 .Re 0,6716  dengan kesalahan relatif rara-rata 2,620%.

  16. METROSEKSUALITAS DALAM IKLAN SEBAGAI WACANA GAYA HIDUP POSMODERN

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    Cons. Tri Handoko

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowdays Metrosexual is becoming an interesting topic not just in the fashion field but also in the public. Metrosexual is the product of consumption-advertisement-lifestyle hegemonic. The growing of Metrosexual lifestyle because of synergic cooperation between producers of postmodern culture and media also advertising to create new needs for male. In advertisements%2C metrosexual models are appeared to promote products of consumption lifestyles%2C spectacle%2C body (taste and image. Clearly%2C advertisements no longer offer product functions but also relate to image of surface and style%2C with the result that nowdays metrosexual identity not just a trend but has become a new social identity. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Metroseksual saat ini menjadi wacana aktual di dunia fashion juga di masyarakat luas. Metroseksual adalah produk dari hegemonitas konsumsi-iklan-gaya hidup. Gaya hidup metroseksual ini tumbuh dan berkembang tidak lepas dari adanya sinergi antara produsen ‘ideologi’ budaya posmodern dalam ‘kerjasamanya’ dengan media serta iklan untuk menciptakan kebutuhan baru pada kaum pria. Dalam iklan-iklan tersebut%2C sosok metroseksual dihadirkan untuk menawarkan produk dari gaya hidup konsumtif%2C tubuh (cita rasa%2C dan citra. Jelasnya iklan tidak lagi menjual fungsionalitas produk namun juga telah dikaitkan dengan tampilan permukaan dan gaya%2C sehingga saat ini identitas metroseksual menjadi tidak hanya sekedar trend namun telah menjadi sebuah identitas sosial yang baru.

  17. Geographic, geologic, and hydrologic summaries of intermontane basins of the northern Rocky Mountains, Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendy, Eloise; Tresch, R.E.

    1996-01-01

    This report combines a literature review with new information to provide summaries of the geography, geology, and hydrology of each of 32 intermontane basins in western Montana. The summary of each intermontane basin includes concise descriptions of topography, areal extent, altitude, climate, 1990 population, land and water use, geology, surface water, aquifer hydraulic characteristics, ground-water flow, and ground-water quality. If present, geothermal features are described. Average annual and monthly temperature and precipitation are reported from one National Weather Service station in each basin. Streamflow data, including the drainage area, period of record, and average, minimum, and maximum historical streamflow, are reported for all active and discontinued USGS streamflow-gaging stations in each basin. Monitoring-well data, including the well depth, aquifer, period of record, and minimum and maximum historical water levels, are reported for all long-term USGS monitoring wells in each basin. Brief descriptions of geologic, geophysical, and potentiometric- surface maps available for each basin also are included. The summary for each basin also includes a bibliography of hydrogeologic literature. When used alone or in conjunction with regional RASA reports, this report provides a practical starting point for site-specific hydrogeologic investigations.

  18. An evolutionary attractor model for sapwood cross section in relation to leaf area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westoby, Mark; Cornwell, William K; Falster, Daniel S

    2012-06-21

    Sapwood cross-sectional area per unit leaf area (SA:LA) is an influential trait that plants coordinate with physical environment and with other traits. We develop theory for SA:LA and also for root surface area per leaf area (RA:LA) on the premise that plants maximizing the surplus of revenue over costs should have competitive advantage. SA:LA is predicted to increase in water-relations environments that reduce photosynthetic revenue, including low soil water potential, high water vapor pressure deficit (VPD), and low atmospheric CO(2). Because sapwood has costs, SA:LA adjustment does not completely offset difficult water relations. Where sapwood costs are large, as in tall plants, optimal SA:LA may actually decline with (say) high VPD. Large soil-to-root resistance caps the benefits that can be obtained from increasing SA:LA. Where a plant can adjust water-absorbing surface area of root per leaf area (RA:LA) as well as SA:LA, optimal RA:SA is not affected by VPD, CO(2) or plant height. If selection favours increased height more so than increased revenue-minus-cost, then height is predicted to rise substantially under improved water-relations environments such as high-CO(2) atmospheres. Evolutionary-attractor theory for SA:LA and RA:LA complements models that take whole-plant conductivity per leaf area as a parameter. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Pancasila Paradigm: Methodology of Wawasan Nusantara for Accounting of Pancasila

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    Iwan Triyuwono

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present the research methodology of the accounting paradigm “Pancasila”. Pancasila is the basic view of life appropriate to the citizens of Indonesia's independence. In the paradigm of Pancasila, there are contained elements of philosophical research or basic beliefs that underlie accounting thought and research. These elements are based on the nature of Pancasila human beings, i.e. the first point of Pancasila, Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa (The Almighty God contains elements of life, as a study of ontology; the second point, Kemanusiaan yang Adil dan Beradab ( Just and Civilized Humanity, contains elements of the senses, the mind, and rasa as the study of epistemology; the third point, Persatuan Indonesia (the Unity of Indonesia, contains elements of Karsa (will in concepts ofWawasan Nusantara as the study methodology, i.e. the Methodology ofWawasan Nusantara (MWN; the fourth point, Kerakyatan yang dipimpin oleh Hikmah Kebijaksanaan dalam Permusyawaratan / Perwakilan (Democracy Guided by the Inner Wisdom in Deliberations and Representations, contains elements of deeds and inner wisdom as a method of research; and fifth points, Keadilan Sosial bagi Seluruh Rakyat Indonesia (Social Justice for all the People of Indonesia, contains elements of purpose as the study of axiology, namely the research results in the form of the concept and practice of accounting based on Pancasila.

  20. Lamb congenital lymphatic malformation - a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neria Santos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Lymphatic malformations have been rarely reported in literature either in humans or in animals. However, in recent years, concern about these malformations in humans has increased. A five-month-old Rasa Aragonesa male lamb was received at the Ovine Clinical Service of the Veterinary Faculty of Zaragoza, Spain, with a history of cervical protuberances coming from birth. The lamb showed three round swollen lumps (5–12 cm in diameter parallel to the trachea on the left side of the neck. Clinical examination, haematology, ultrasonography, fluid examination and histopathology were performed. No abnormalities were found in blood samples and ultrasound confirmed a multicystic lesion with internal separations. Histological evaluation of the tissue revealed dilated lymphatic vessels and channels in the dermis and hypodermis; some lymphatic vessels were filled with amorphous proteinaceous material and occasional lymphocytes and macrophages. These protuberances were diagnosed as congenital lymphatic malformations. Most of the gross and microscopical lesions were very similar to those described in humans. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first time that a congenital lymphatic malformation is described in sheep.

  1. Impact Of Using Joint Productive Activity Approach On Second Language Learners’ Performance In Reading Comprehension At The Basic Education Level In Nigeria

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    HANNA ONYI YUSUF

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the impact of using joint productive activity on the performance of second language learners in reading comprehension at the basic education level in Nigeria. A sample of forty (40 Junior Secondary II students from Kaduna North and South were used for the study. The study was quasi experimental. Government Junior Secondary School Doka was used as the experimental group while Government Junior Secondary School Makera was used as the control group. Both groups were assessed after six weeks of teaching using two reading comprehension tests. T-test was used to test the hypothesis raised in the study. The findings revealed significant differences in the performance of students taught reading comprehension using joint productive activity. Based on the findings teachers are encouraged to use joint productive activities in teaching reading comprehension. This is a positive deviation from the traditional practice in Nigeria where a teacher is regarded as the sole custodian of knowledge and students are empty tabula rasa who should be passive during class teaching. Teachers need to exploit this new approach by designing teaching comprehension activities that will require second language learners’ collaboration and active participation in accomplishing tasks jointly in class with the teacher.

  2. Pembuatan Obturator Mata pada Pasien dengan Kehilangan Mata Akibat Cacat Bawaan

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    Clara Rosalina

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Kasus kehilangan mata pada pasien dapat menimbulkan masalah fungsi dan estetik. Salah satu cara yang dapat dilakukan untuk memperbaiki masalah estetik adalah dengan membuatkan protesa mata kepada pasien tersebut. Tujuan pembuatan obturator mata pada pasien yang kehilangan mata adalah untuk membantu pasien dalam memperbaiki estetik. Pasien wan ita usia 35 tahun datang ke klinik Prostodonsia RSGM FKG UGM dengan kondisi kehilangan mata sebelah kanan yang merupakan cacat bawaan. Pemeriksaan wajah menunjukkan muka asimetris. Pada mata kanan tampak adanya cheloid yang timbul setelah operasi pengangkatan bola mata. Perawatan dilakukan dengan pembuatan protesa mata non fabricated dengan tahap-tahap: pencetakan mata dengan sendok cetak mata perorangan dan pengisian hasil cetakan terdiri dari dua bagian, yang pertama diisi dengan gips keras sampai bagian terlebar dari cetakan dasar soket dan dibuat tiga retensi sebagai kunci, kedua sampai menutupi seluruh hasil cetakan. Pembuatan model malam sklera, mencoba pola malam sklera dan packing model malam sklera. Oef/asking dan polishing untuk membuat sklera akrilik, mencoba sklera akrilik dan penentuan lokasi diameter iris, melukis iris dan pupil, penyelesaian protesa mata, packing sklera dan iris, def/asking dan polishing untuk membuat protesa mata serta insersi protesa mata. Kontrol setelah 2 minggu menunjukkan hasil yang baik, tidak ada keluhan rasa sakit, tidak ada peradangan, volume dan frekuensi air mata menjadi berkurang jumlah dan frekuensinya.

  3. LE CORBUSIER: CÓMO CONCEBIR EL URBANISMO

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    Germán López Mena

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Descartes dijo que existe unidad entre las obras de la naturaleza y las obras del espíritu humano. Sin embargo la destrucción de paisaje, al menos en nuestro país, sigue siendo directamente proporcional a la construcción de ciudad. Y la ciudad sigue creciendo haciendo tabula rasa de lo que antes existía hasta llegar a los límites, o bien físicos, el mar la montañas, etc., o bien, establecidos jurídicamente, limites de espacios de protección. Como si ya hubiéramos definitivamente desechado la posibilidad de que en nuestras ciudades naturaleza y artificio puedan convivir. Actualmente nos encontramos en un punto aún peor para corregir esto que cuando Le Corbusier publicó en el año 1946 en París, en l´Architecture d´Aujourd´hui, su Manière de penser l`urbanisme, de la cual se ha publicado ya la sexta edición en castellano con el título de Cómo concebir el urbanismo de Ediciones Infinito, Buenos Aires.

  4. Oficio de historiador, ¿nuevo paradigma o positivismo?

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    Carlos Barros

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Balance sobre las tendencias y los debates actuales e internacionales, desde una óptica trasatlántica y latina, sobre el método, la historiografía, la teoría y la relación con la sociedad de los historiadores del siglo XXI.   Partiendo del preámbulo y  las posiciones del Manifiesto de Historia a Debate (2001, y recogiendo los  últimos debates de HAD en las redes sociales, analizamos la polarización historiográfica, entre los partidarios de nuevos paradigmas que no hacemos tabla rasa de las vanguardias del siglo XX, y los partidarios de un retorno al positivismo, aguijoneados por el posmodernismo radical. Repliegue historiográfico  que estudiamos a través de frases, prácticas  y lugares comunes, dichos y hechos  dentro y fuera de aulas y despachos. Datos de tipo digital y oral que vienen manifestando, en cuanto al regreso de Ranke, una gran homogeneidad y transversalidad entre las diferentes especialidades, universidades y países.

  5. Rendimento e composição das aguardentes de cana, laranja e uva com utilização de lecitina no processo fermentativo Yield and composition of sugar cane, orange and grape spirits using lecithin in the fermentation process

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    Francisco Vicente Gaiotto Cleto

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito da adição de lecitina aos mostos de cana, laranja e uva sobre o rendimento e composição das aguardentes. O delineamento empregado para a análise estatística foi o de blocos casualizados, no esquema fatorial 2x3, empregando-se dois fatores - lecitina e mosto - em dois níveis para lecitina: ausência (índice um e presença (índice dois; e em três níveis para mosto: cana, laranja e uva. A metodologia empregada foi a recomendada pelo setor aguardenteiro e as análises químicas dos componentes secundários foram realizadas por cromatografia gasosa e espectrofotometria. Pelos resultados, conclui-se que quando se adiciona lecitina aos mostos de cana, laranja e uva, o vinho obtido após a fermentação tem maior concentração de glicerol, e as aguardentes produzidas pela destilação têm maior concentração de isobutanol. Já nos mostos em que foi adicionada a lecitina, o rendimento alcoólico total das aguardentes foi menor do que nos mostos que não a recebeu. Os componentes secundários acetaldeído, acetato de etila e acidez total aumentaram com o aumento da acidez nos vinhos. Por outro lado, o propanol, isobutanol e álcool isoamílico aumentaram com os aumentos dos pH e das concentrações nos mostos, dos aminoácidos treonina, valina e leucina. A concentração do furfural foi maior nas aguardentes provenientes dos mostos de cana e laranja.The present research was carried out to evaluate the effect of lecithin addition into sugar cane, orange and grape musts on the spirits yield and composition. The statistical design was randomized blocks, in 2x3 factorial array, using two factors: lecithin and must, two levels for lecithin (absence and presence; and three levels for must (sugar cane, orange and grape. The method used in this work is recommended by mills. The measurement of by-products was made through gas chromatography and spectrophotometry. The results

  6. Bioensaio rápido de determinação da sensibilidade da acetolactato sintase (ALS a herbicidas inibidores Rapid bioassay to determine the sensitivity of acetolactate synthase (ALS to inhibitor herbicides

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    Patrícia Andrea Monqueiro

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Foi avaliada a atividade da acetolactato sintase (ALS, em plantas resistentes e suscetíveis de B. pilosa e A. quitensis após a aplicação de herbicidas inibidores da ALS. O método baseia-se na utilização do ácido ciclopropanodicarboxílico (CPCA para inibir a cetoácido reductoisomerase (KARI, enzima que catalisa a reação seguinte do acetolactato na cadeia de biossíntese dos aminoácidos valina, leucina e isoleucina, provocando assim, o acúmulo de acetolactato, que na presença de um ácido forte forma acetoína. A base para a distinção entre os biotipos resistentes e suscetíveis é a quantidade de acetoína formada, que será maior nos biotipos em que a enzima ALS não sofreu inibição, ou seja, nos biotipos resistentes. A quantificação da acetoína acumulada ocorreu através da formação de um complexo colorido vermelho, devido a reação entre acetoína, creatina e naftol, cuja densidade ótica a 530 nm é proporcional à concentração do acetolactato formado na reação. Sendo assim, foi desenvolvido um ensaio utilizando este método após a aplicação dos herbicidas chlorimuron-ethyl e imazethapyr nos biotipos R e S de Bidens pilosa, Amaranthus quitensis no estádio de dois pares de folhas. O bioensaio demonstrou que a enzima ALS dos biotipos resistentes é insensível aos herbicidas inibidores da ALS e que este tipo de bioensaio é uma forma rápida e eficaz de diferenciação entre biotipos resistentes e suscetíveis.In order to compare the acetolactate synthase (ALS activity of resistant and susceptible biotypes of Bidens pilosa and Amaranthus quitensis to ALS inhibitor herbicides, a method based on ciclopronocarboxilic acid (CPCA to inhibit the enzyme ketoacidredutoisomerase (KARI is used. This enzyme catalyzes the reaction after acetolactate in the biosynthesis reaction chain of the aminoacids valine, leucine and isoleucine. In the presence of a KARI inhibitor, carbon from pyruvate flows through the branched chain

  7. Digestibilidade do extrato de leveduras em frangos de corte Yeast extract digestibility for broilers

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    Vanessa Karla Silva

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo neste trabalho foi determinar a composição química e de energia metabolizável e os coeficientes de digestibilidade da matéria seca, proteína bruta e dos aminoácidos contidos no extrato de leveduras fornecido para frangos de corte. Dois ensaios de metabolismo foram conduzidos: no primeiro ensaio, foram utilizados 200 frangos de corte machos Cobb-500® com 14 dias de idade alojados em baterias metálicas, distribuídos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado em grupos de 10 aves por unidade experimental. Utilizou-se o método de coleta total para determinar a energia metabolizável aparente (EMA e aparente corrigida pelo balanço de nitrogênio (EMAn e os coeficientes de digestibilidade aparente da matéria seca e da proteína bruta. No segundo ensaio, foi utilizado o método da alimentação forçada em oito galos cecectomizados para determinação do coeficiente de digestibilidade dos aminoácidos. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos casualizados repetidos no tempo, com um grupo de cinco aves recebendo o extrato de leveduras e outro com três aves mantidas em jejum para determinação das perdas endógenas de aminoácidos. Para avaliação da composição química do ingrediente, foram determinados os teores de bruta (PB, matéria seca (MS, energia bruta (EB e aminoácidos. O extrato de leveduras contém em média 92,49% de MS, 48,07% de PB, 4.883 kcal de EB/kg e 2.073 kcal de EMAn/kg e coeficientes de digestibilidade de 65,79% da matéria seca, 65,47% da proteína bruta e 99,42% dos aminoácidos em frangos de corte. Os aminoácidos em maior proporção no extrato de leveduras são ácido glutâmico, leucina, ácido aspártico, alanina, prolina, lisina, valina, serina, isoleucina, glicina e treonina.The objective of this study was to evaluate the chemical composition, metabolizable energy, the digestibility coefficients of dry matter, crude protein and the amino acids contained in yeast extract supplied to broiler

  8. Exigências Líquidas de Aminoácidos para Ganho de Peso de Nelores Não-Castrados Net Amino Acids Requirements for Weight Gain of Nellore Bulls

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    Fabiano Ferreira da Silva

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram utilizados 40 novilhos Nelore inteiros, com peso vivo médio inicial de 240 kg, sendo quatro novilhos de referência, quatro alimentados para mantença e o restante distribuído em oito tratamentos, com quatro diferentes níveis de concentrado nas dietas (20; 40; 60 e 80% e dois níveis de proteína bruta (PB (15 e 18%. A fase de recria foi avaliada até 360 kg de peso vivo e a fase de engorda, até 450 kg de peso vivo. O volumoso utilizado foi feno de capim Tyfton (Cynodon dactylon. Após o abate, todas as partes do corpo do animal foram pesadas e amostradas. As amostras foram liofilizadas para determinação de matéria seca, pré-desengorduradas com éter e, posteriormente, moídas e determinados os teores de aminoácidos. As exigências líquidas de aminoácidos para ganho de peso foram calculadas segundo o método fatorial, no qual o ganho de proteína foi multiplicado pela composição aminoacídica do corpo vazio. A exigência líquida de aminoácidos para mantença foi estimada. A soma das exigências metabolizável para mantença e ganho compôs a exigência total de aminoácidos metabolizáveis. As exigências líquidas para ganho de aminoácidos diminuíram com o aumento do peso vivo do animal. A exigência total de aminoácidos metabolizáveis, expressos em % do total de aminoácidos essenciais, não variou muito com o aumento do peso vivo, obtendo-se valores médios de 2,66; 15,11; 6,09; 8,64; 9,26; 18,48; 8,33; 12,01; e 19,41 para metionina, lisina, histidina, fenilalanina, treonina, leucina, isoleucina, valina e arginina, respectivamente.Forty Nellore bulls, with 240 kg initial live weight (LW, were used. Four were reference bulls, four were fed for maintenance, and the remaining were allotted to eight treatments, with four different concentrate levels in the diets (20, 40, 60 and 80% and two levels of crude protein (CP (15 and 18%. The growing phase was evaluated up to 360 kg of LW and the fattening phase, up to 450 kg of

  9. Formulação de rações para poedeiras com base em aminoácidos totais e digestíveis utilizando diferentes estimativas da composição de aminoácidos em alimentos Diet formulation based on the total and digestible amino acids and different estimates of amino acid ingredient composition, for laying hens

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    Rosemeire da Silva Filardi

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Foram utilizadas poedeiras comerciais com 27 semanas de idade, distribuídas em delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, em esquema fatorial 3 x 3, com três repetições de seis aves por tratamento. Os fatores consistiram de três métodos de estimativa da composição de aminoácidos em ingredientes (tabelas brasileiras, equações de predição e fator para correção de aminoácido em função do teor de proteína do ingrediente e três recomendações de aminoácidos, sendo duas de aminoácidos digestíveis e uma de aminoácidos totais. Os métodos de estimativa da composição de aminoácidos nos ingredientes afetaram apenas a conversão alimentar e a espessura de casca, que apresentaram os melhores resultados com a utilização das tabelas brasileiras. Embora as recomendações de aminoácidos tenham determinado diferenças em todos os parâmetros de desempenho, não afetaram a qualidade dos ovos. O desempenho das aves foi prejudicado pelos níveis de aminoácidos digestíveis, entretanto, ambas as recomendações promoveram desempenho semelhante e inferior ao de aminoácidos totais. O pior desempenho das aves alimentadas com as rações formuladas com aminoácidos digestíveis pode ser atribuído à deficiência em nitrogênio para a síntese de aminoácidos não-essenciais, visto que o nível protéico foi reduzido (12,5% PB, ou ainda à deficiência nos aminoácidos arginina, histidina, isoleucina, leucina e valina, cujos requerimentos mínimos não foram considerados na formulação das rações.Twenty-seven week-old commercial laying hens were allotted to a completely randomized design with a 3x3 factorial arrangement with three replicates of six birds per treatment. The factors consisted of hree methods for estimatingamino acid ingredient composition (Brazilian tables, prediction equations and factor for correcting amino acid in function of ingredient protein level and three amino acid recommendations, being two for digestible amino

  10. Diagnóstico de polineuropatía amiloidótica familiar tipo I en la Argentina Diagnosis of familial amyloid polyneuropathy type I in Argentina

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    Gladys Pérez

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available La polineuropatía amiloidótica familiar (PAF es un tipo de amiloidosis hereditaria. Constituye un desorden autosómico dominante caracterizado por el depósito sistémico de material amiloide en tejidos especialmente en nervios periféricos. El principal componente del amiloide es una variante mutada de la transtiretina (TTR, proteína transportadora de tiroxina y retinol. Han sido descriptas numerosas mutaciones en el gen TTR que causan alteración de la secuencia primaria de la proteína. La PAF portuguesa o PAF Tipo I se origina por la variante TTR Val30Met en la cual una valina en posición 30 es reemplazada por una metionina. Es fundamental la identificación temprana de portadores de la mutación porque una vez declarada la enfermedad el único tratamiento efectivo es el trasplante hepático, órgano de síntesis de la TTR. La PAF Tipo I ha sido muy estudiada en la Argentina debido al hallazgo de un área endémica donde habitan familias descendientes de inmigrantes portugueses. El presente trabajo ha sido enfocado a resolver la necesidad diagnóstica de la comunidad, ya que la ausencia de una metodología apropiada en nuestro país ha impedido, hasta ahora, que individuos con antecedentes familiares de PAF puedan tener un diagnóstico precoz y acceder al trasplante hepático temprano. En consecuencia, nuestro objetivo fue optimizar una metodología para detectar la mutación Val30Met adaptando técnicas previamente descriptas. La fiabilidad, sencillez y rapidez en la obtención de los resultados, así como el requerimiento de pequeño volumen de muestra, hacen que la técnica desarrollada en este trabajo sea una herramienta apropiada para procedimientos de screening, permitiendo contar con un marcador preclínico de la enfermedad.Familial amyloid polyneuro- pathy (FAP is an autosomal dominant inherited disease, characterized by systemic deposition of amyloid fibrils in various tissues, especially in peripheral nerves, being a variant of

  11. Efeito da adição de aminoácidos essenciais à dieta sobre a secreção de enzimas digestivas de jundiá Rhamdia quelen (Siluriformes, Pimelodidae = Effect of dietary essential amino acids addition on digestive enzime secretion in silver catfish Rhamdia quelen (Siluriformes, Pimelodidae

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    Alexandre Bernardini Ungar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Em estudos realizados com variação no teor de proteína na ração para peixes, foi demonstrado o aumento das atividades de protease alcalina, protease ácida, tripsina e quimiotripsina do trato digestório de jundiá (Rhamdia quelen. Esses fatos sugerem que produtos liberados pela digestão na luz desse trato podem influenciar a síntese e a secreção de enzimas digestivas. A secreção destas enzimas pelo pâncreas, em vertebrados, responde à influência neurale humoral. No presente trabalho, foram testadas quatro concentrações (0, 3, 6 e 12% de uma mistura de aminoácidos (treonina, fenilalanina, leucina, valina, arginina e triptofano em iguaisproporções em dietas isocalóricas contendo 3.500 kcal de energia digestível kg-1 de ração, e dietas isoproteicas contendo 20% de proteína, em juvenis de jundiá. Foram utilizados dez animais portratamento, sendo os peixes estocados num sistema fechado com recirculação de água e temperatura controlada. Os peixes submetidos a estes tratamentos apresentaram atividade da protease alcalina na região anterior do intestino, responsiva aos diferentes níveis aminoácidos da alimentação. Todavia, as atividades protease alcalina do fígado e amilase do fígado e intestino anterior não foram detectadas. Estes resultados sugerem que a atividade protease alcalina do intestino anterior seja induzida por aminoácidos liberados na luz do trato digestório. Studies carried out with variation of protein concentration in the fish feed have shown an increase in the activity of alkaline proteases, acid proteases, trypsin and chimotrypsin from the digestive tract of silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen. These facts suggest that products released by digestion in the lumen of this tract can influenced the synthesis and secretion of digestive enzymes. The secretion of these enzymes by the pancreas in vertebrate responses to neural and humoral influences. In the present study, four concentration (0, 3, 6 and 12% of

  12. Identificación de aminoácidos libres por cromatografía de capa fina en jugo fresco de naranja (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck variedad "Valencia"

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    Myrna Luisa Medina Bracamonte

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Con el interés de aportar al conocimiento de los aminoácidos libres en el jugo de naranja "Valencia" producido en Venezuela, se propuso aplicar cromatografía de capa fina, al jugo recién extraído de 2 lotes de naranjas "Valencia" adquiridas en mercados locales diferentes de la ciudad de Caracas. El jugo se centrifugó a 960 g (15 min-1. El sobrenadante se homogeneizó con igual volumen de etanol 95 % (v/v, por 3 s y se centrifugó a 900 g (15 min-1. Se ajustó el pH del sobrenadante a 1,7. Se pasó 30 mL del sobrenadante acondicionado a una columna de intercambio iónico de poliestireno activada en forma de H+ (6 x 1,7 cm. El volumen del eluato recogido se evaporó a 40 ºC a vacío hasta sequedad. El residuo seco se suspendió en 2,5 mL de una solución metanol:agua 50:50 (v/v a pH 1,7 y de allí se tomó una muestra de 5 μL con una micropipeta digital Calibra® 822, capacidad 2-20 μL y se aplicó sobre cromatofolios de sílica gel 60 para la cromatografía bidireccional: solvente I, cloroformo:metanol:amoníaco 25 % (v/v 40:40:20; solvente II, fenol:agua 80:20 (m/v. Hubo diferencias en el número de aminoácidos revelados e identificados entre los jugos de ambos lotes. Ambos cromatogramas coincidieron en 8 de los aminoácidos revelados: ácido aspártico, serina, alanina, valina, metionina, prolina, probablemente triptófano y/o fenilalanina y uno no identificado. En ambos predominó prolina y en ambos se identificó el ácido aspártico predominando en el lote 2 en proporción muy similar a la de prolina. El jugo del lote 2 se caracterizó por mayor índice de madurez y de nitrógeno aminoacídico que el jugo del lote 1, en donde el ácido aspártico estuvo en muy baja proporción. También se identificó metionina. Solo en el lote 1 se identificó lisina, ácido glutámico, asparagina y tirosina.

  13. Composição em aminoácidos de silagens químicas, biológicas e enzimáticas preparadas com resíduos de sardinha Determination of amino-acid composition of silages prepared from sardine residues

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    Doris Floridalma MORALES-ULLOA

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Determinou-se a composição em aminoácidos de silagens químicas, biológicas e enzimáticas elaboradas com resíduos de sardinha. Entre os aminoácidos essenciais a leucina apresentou valores mais altos para todas as silagens, a saber, em g/100g de proteína, 8,31 (química; 8,33 (protease 1 semana; 8,42 (pepsina, e 8,06 (inóculo L. plantarum + melaço 2 semanas, seguida pela lisina 6,46; 6,50 6,45, e 9,01; a fenilalanina com 5,32; 5,35 e 5,25 e 5,18. Destaque especial para o aumento na concentração de valina no decorrer do processo de ensilagem passando de 4,80 g/100g de proteína na matéria-prima para 7,67 na silagem química (3 semanas; 6,26 na silagem com meio inóculo de L.plantarum + melaço (48 horas; 6,27 na silagem protease (1 semana e 6,02 na silagem pepsina (2 semanas. A maior concentração de aminoácidos encontrados foi para o ácido glutâmico, que apresentou teor inicial de 15,20g/100g de proteína e posteriormente 14,02 na silagem química após 1 semana; 14,89 na silagem enzimática com protease (1 semana e 17,09 na silagem biológica com meio inóculo L.plantarum + melaço após 48 horas.The composition and amino-acid concentration of chemical, biological and enzymatic silages prepared from sardine residues, were determined. The essential amino-acid, leucine showed the highest values in all silages (8.31; 8,33 8.42; and 8.06 g/100g protein, followed by lysine (6.46, 6.50, 6.45 and 9,.01 g/100 protein, for chemical silage, protease silage after one week pepsin silage in the L. plantarum after 2 weeks respectively. Phenylalanine showed a value of 5.32g/100g protein in the chemical silages after one week, 5.35g/100g in the protease silage after one week, 5.25g/100g in the pepsin silage after two weeks and 5.18g/100g in the silage inoculated with L. plantarum plus its medium, also after two weeks. The increase in the valine during the silage processing deserves special mention, increasing from 4.80/100g protein in the raw

  14. Identificación de aminoácidos libres por cromatografía de capa fina en jugo fresco de naranja (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck variedad “Valencia”

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    Myrna Luisa Medina Bracamonte

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Con el interés de aportar al conocimiento de los aminoácidos libres en el jugo de naranja “Valencia” producido en Venezuela, se propuso aplicar cromatografía de capa fina, al jugo recién extraído de 2 lotes de naranjas “Valencia” adquiridas en mercados locales diferentes de la ciudad de Caracas. El jugo se centrifugó a 960 g (15 min-1. El sobrenadante se homogeneizó con igual volumen de etanol 95 % (v/v, por 3 s y se centrifugó a 900 g (15 min-1. Se ajustó el pH del sobrenadante a 1,7. Se pasó 30 mL del sobrenadante acondicionado a una columna de intercambio iónico de poliestireno activada en forma de H+ (6 x 1,7 cm. El volumen del eluato recogido se evaporó a 40 ºC a vacío hasta sequedad. El residuo seco se suspendió en 2,5 mL de una solución metanol:agua 50:50 (v/v a pH 1,7 y de allí se tomó una muestra de 5 μL con una micropipeta digital Calibra® 822, capacidad 2-20 μL y se aplicó sobre cromatofolios de sílica gel 60 para la cromatografía bidireccional: solvente I, cloroformo:metanol:amoníaco 25 % (v/v 40:40:20; solvente II, fenol:agua 80:20 (m/v. Hubo diferencias en el número de aminoácidos revelados e identificados entre los jugos de ambos lotes. Ambos cromatogramas coincidieron en 8 de los aminoácidos revelados: ácido aspártico, serina, alanina, valina, metionina, prolina, probablemente triptófano y/o fenilalanina y uno no identificado. En ambos predominó prolina y en ambos se identificó el ácido aspártico predominando en el lote 2 en proporción muy similar a la de prolina. El jugo del lote 2 se caracterizó por mayor índice de madurez y de nitrógeno aminoacídico que el jugo del lote 1, en donde el ácido aspártico estuvo en muy baja proporción. También se identificó metionina. Solo en el lote 1 se identificó lisina, ácido glutámico, asparagina y tirosina.

  15. Digestibilidade ileal e perdas endógenas de aminoácidos de dietas com óleo de soja para suínos em crescimento Ileal digestibility and endogenous losses of amino acids in soybean oil diets to growing pigs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erin Caperuto de Almeida

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi conduzido para avaliar o efeito de diferentes níveis de óleo de soja sobre as perdas endógenas e a digestibilidade ileal aparente e verdadeira dos aminoácidos em dietas para suínos em crescimento. Foram testadas quatro dietas isoprotéicas, à base de milho e farelo de soja, formuladas segundo as exigências para essa fase e suplementadas com níveis crescentes de óleo de soja (0,0; 1,5; 3,0; 4,5% e 0,25% de óxido crômico como indicador de indigestibilidade. Dezesseis suínos canulados (cânula T simples, com 48,0 ± 6,0 kg, foram distribuídos em um delineamento em blocos casualizados, com base no peso dos animais. Não houve efeito dos níveis óleo de soja sobre os coeficientes de digestibilidade ileal aparente de glutamato, glicina, arginina, alanina, prolina, tirosina, histidina e lisina. Observaram-se efeito linear da suplementação com níveis de óleo de soja nos coeficientes de digestibilidade ileal aparente e verdadeira de serina e treonina e efeito quadrático da suplementação de óleo de soja sobre os coeficientes de digestibilidade ileal aparente e verdadeira de valina, fenilalanina, total de aminoácidos não-essenciais e total de aminoácidos essenciais. Os coeficientes de digestibilidade ileal verdadeira de arginina e tirosina também apresentaram efeito quadrático da suplementação de óleo de soja. Melhores valores de digestibilidade ileal aparente e verdadeira dos aminoácidos não-essenciais e essenciais são obtidos com adição de 2,8 a 3,0% de óleo de soja à dieta de suínos em crescimento.The present experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of the different levels of soybean oil on endogenous losses, apparent and true ileal digestibility of amino acids in growing pigs diets. Four isoprotein corn and soybean meal based diets meeting the nutritional requirements for this phase, supplemented with crescent levels of soybean oil, (0.0, 1.5, 3.0, and 4.5 were evaluated. Chromic oxide (0

  16. Espectroscopía de Microondas en Jets Supersónicos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso, J. L.; López, J. C.; Lesarri, A.; Blanco, S.; Sanz, M. E.; Mata, S.; Cocinero, J. E.; Sánchez, R.

    Complejos con Enlace de Hidrógeno. El entorno de bajas temperaturas de una expansión supersónica es un excelente laboratorio para estudiar el comportamiento conformacional de los complejos con enlace de hidrógeno. Nuestro grupo ha observado por vez primera enlaces de hidrógeno axial y ecuatorial en los complejos de tetrahidropirano, sulfuro de pentametileno y sulfuro de trimetileno con HCl y HF [1-6] generados en las expansiones adiabáticas en He, Ne o Ar y caracterizados por espectroscopía de microondas con transformadas de Fouier. Existe controversia a la hora de considerar a las interacciones C-H\\cdotsO como enlaces de hidrógeno o como simples interacciones de van der Waals. Las interacciones C-H\\cdotsO han sido estudiadas en el dímero del dimetil eter generado en la expansión supersónica y caracterizado por espectroscopía de microondas [7]. Estas interacciones se han analizado en los complejos formados entre los alcanos sustituidos del trifluorometano y difluorometano con oxirano [8] caracterizándose la existencia de interacciones C-F\\cdotsH-C que contribuyen a la estabilización de estos complejos. Ablación Láser: Estructura de Aminoácidos. Los aminoácidos poseen puntos de fusión elevados (>200oC) y se presentan en fases condensadas como formas dipolares (+H3N-CH(R)-COO-) distintas de las neutras de las cadenas polipéptidas. Con el fin de obtener la estructura de estas formas neutras es necesario experimentar en fase gas, en un entorno libre de interacciones como el de una expansión supersónica. Para solventar el problema de su baja presión de vapor, se ha diseñado un nuevo instrumento que combina la espectroscopía de microondas en jet supersónicos con técnicas de ablación láser [9] que evita los métodos de vaporización por calentamiento que conducen a la descomposición de los aminoácidos. Diversos confórmeros de los aminoácidos naturales de la prolina [10], valina [11], cis- y trans- hidroxiprolina, serina, cisteina, ldots

  17. Caracterização química e perfil aminoácidico da farinha de silagem de cabeça de camarão Chemical characterization and profile of the amino acids of the flour of shrimp head

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo de Figueiredo Guilherme

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O desenvolvimento crescente da Piscicultura vem necessitando estudos sobre a melhor forma de utilização das rações, visto que estas podem elevar o custo de produção de 50 a 80%. Devido à escassez e o elevado preço de tais fontes protéicas (farinhas de osso e carne com a farinha de peixe e visando a farinha de silagem de cabeça de camarão como uma alternativa em potencial, com esta pesquisa objetivou-se estudar elaboração, caracterização química e o perfil dos aminoácidos da farinha de silagem de cabeça de camarão, visando atender as exigências nutricionais de aminoácidos na alimentação de peixes cultivados. A pesquisa foi desenvolvida no Laboratório de Desenvolvimento de Produtos Pesqueiros - LDPP - do Departamento de Tecnologia e Química de Alimentos, da UFPB. A farinha de silagem de cabeça de camarão foi elaborada após diversos processos, e depois realizadas as análises químicas (composição centesimal e dosagem de cálcio e ferro, as amostras foram analisadas em triplicatas. A análise da composição de aminoácidos da farinha de silagem de cabeça de camarão foi realizada em um Cromatógrafo Líquido de Alta Eficiência, sendo encontrado em maior quantidade os aminoácidos valina e arginina. As cabeças de camarão, sob a forma de farinha de silagem seca, apresentaram um rendimento (22,1% e mostraram-se com uma excelente fonte proteíca (39,5% e lipídica (12,5%, além de ter considerável quantidade de cálcio, portanto pode servir como eventual substituto na formulação de dietas para peixes.The growing development of the fishery forced the researchers they to look for the best form of use of the rations, because these, they can elevate the cost of production from 50 to 80%. In the diets for fish and shrimps, the protein of animal origin more commonly used it is together the bone flour and meat with the fish flour. Due to shortage and the high price of such sources proteins and seeking the flour if silage

  18. Indirect pulp capping in primary molar using glass ionomer cements

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    Murtia Metalita

    2014-12-01

    untuk mengevaluasi keluhan subjektif, gejala klinis, dan gambaran radiografi perawatan indirect pulp capping menggunakan glass ionomer pada gigi molar sulung. Metode: Enam belas anak berusia 6 sampai 8 tahun, yang mengunjungi Klinik Kedokteran Gigi Rumah Sakit Gigi dan Mulut Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya Indonesia, adalah subjek penelitian ini. Mereka punya satu karies gigi oklusal molar sulung pada satu sisi maksila atau mandibula dengan diagnosa pulpitis reversibel. Pada kelompok eksperimen dilakukan perawatan indirect pulp capping dengan glass ionomer (GC Fuji VII®, sedangkan kelompok kontrol, dilakukan perawatan indirect pulp capping dengan kalsium hidroksida (Metapaste. Setiap kelompok ditumpat dengan glassionomer untuk gigi posterior (GC Fuji IX® sebagai restorasi permanen. Observasi dilakukan setelah satu minggu, satu bulan, dan tiga bulan kemudian, pengamatan dilakukan pada keluhan subjektif, gejala klinis, dan gambaran radiografi. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada keluhan subjektif seperti rasa sakit atau masalah pada pengunyahan; tidak ada gejala klinis negatif seperti rasa sakit pada palpasi, gingivitis atau periodontitis, dan mobilitas gigi abnormal; tidak ada gambaran radiografi negatif seperti radioluscency patologis apikal, resorbsi internal atau eksternal, dan pelebaran periodontal ligamen setelah perawatan. Simpulan: Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa perawatan indirect capping menggunakan glass ionomer pada gigi sulung dapat dipertimbangkan sebagai pilihan perawatan.

  19. Perawatan Kandidiasis Pseuodomembran Akut dan Mukositis Oral pada Penderita Kanker Nasofaring yang Menerima Khemoterapi dan Radioterapi

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    S. Supriatno

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang: Terapi radiasi merupakan metode primer perawatan pasien kanker leher dan kepala. Perubahan funsional dan kerusakan jaringan oral menyebabkan timbulnya mukositia oral yang diikuti dengan kandidiasis oral. Tujuan: Melaporkan efek samping perawatan khemoterapi dan radioterapi pada pasien kanker nasofaring yang terjadi di rongga mulut berupa kandidiasis pseudomembran akut dan mukositis oral serta penatalaksanaannya. Kasus: Seorang laki-laki, 69 tahun, datang ke Bagian Gigi dan Mulut RSUP Dr. Sardjito, atas rujukan dari instalasi Penyakit Dalam., RSUP Dr. Sardjito, dengan keluhan sakit untuk menelan makanan dan mulutnya banyak bercak-bercak putih. Keluhan dirasakan satu minggu setelah dilakukan khemoterapi ke-3 dan radioterapi ke-9. Pasien didiagnosa kanker nasofaring (NPC dengan klasifikasi T2N3M0. Pemeriksaan klinik menunjukkan adanya lapisan putih pada mukosa lidah, pipi, palatum, dan mukosa bibir. Seluruh mukosa mulut berwarna merah tua dan terdapat anguler cheilitis di kedua sudut bibir. Pasien diklasifikasikan menderita mukositis oral derajat 1. Penatalaksanaan: Menghilangkan jaringan nekrotik dan debris dengan berkumur larutan perhidrol 3% dan pemberian medikasi termasuk tablet nistatin 500.000 IU, betadin kumur, dan larutan perhidrol 3% selama 1 minggu. Saat reevaluasi, pasien sudah dapat menelan dan makan yang sedikit keras tanpa ada rasa sakit lagi. Pemeriksaan klinis didapatkan bercak putih di lidah, palatum, pipi dan bibir sudah tidak ada. Warna mukosa oral telah normal, OHI dan kondisi umum baik dalam 1 minggu pasca perawatan. Kesimpulan: Perawatan kandidiasis dan mukositis oral akibat kemoradioterapi pada pasien kanker nasofaring telah berhasil dan kondisi oral membaik. Pasien dapat mengunyah dan menelan makanan tanpa ada rasa sakit, dan hasil pengobatan yang diberikan pada pasien sesuai dengan harapan operator.   Background: Radiation therapy remains the primary method of treatment for patients with head and neck

  20. Peritonita infecţioasă felină în România

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    HORHOGEA Cristina

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The study was conducted in Romania, during 2007-2011 on 58 cats of different breeds and ages (1,7 months–13 years, with clinical signs of feline infectious peritonitis (wet form in 52 cases and dry form in 6 cases. Coronaviral RNA was identified by RT-PCR, using p205/p211 primers in 32 (61,53% ascites fluid and 2 pleural fluid samples. Feline infectious peritonitis was diagnosed in 24 domestic short hair cats, 2 Russian Blue, 2 Burmese, 2 Persiane, 2 Siameee and 2 Chartreaux. 52,94 % of the 34 tested animals were females and 46,06% males. Among domestic short hair cats category with the largest number of individuals, 75% males and 50% females were positive. Regarding age, 70,58% were at least 2 years old and 29,42 % younger than 2 years old. This study is the first in Romania and showed some epidemiological and clinical aspects of feline infections peritonitis in Moldavia. Rezumat. Studiul a fost realizat în România, în perioada 2007-2011, pe 58 de pisici de rase şi vârste diferite (1,7 luni – 13 ani, cu semne clinice de peritonită infecţioasă felină (52 de cazuri suspecte de forma efuzivă şi 6 cazuri de forma uscată. ARN-ul coronaviral a fost identificat prin RT-PCR, utilizându-se perechea de primeri p205/p211 în 32 (61,53% din probele de lichid de ascită (n=52 şi în cele de lichid pleural (n=2. Diagnosticul de peritonită infecţioasă felină a fost stabilit la 24 de pisici din rasa comună, două Albastru de Rusia, două Birmaneze, două Persane, două Siameze şi două Chartreaux. În studiul de faţă, din cele 34 de pisici pozitive, 52,94% au fost femele şi 46,06% masculi. Raportându-ne la categoria cea mai numeroasă, şi anume rasa comună, 75% dintre masculi şi 50% dintre femele au fost pozitivi. Referitor la categoria de vârstă, 70,58 % au avut vârsta de doi ani sau mai mult, iar 29,42 % mai puţin de doi ani. Este primul studiu de acest fel din Romania şi prezintă unele aspecte epidemiologice şi clinice

  1. Biometria ocular, erro refrativo e sua relação com a estatura, idade, sexo e escolaridade em adultos brasileiros Ocular biometry, refractive error and correlation with height, age, gender and years of formal education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graziela Campanelli Pereira

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os parâmetros biométricos oculares e o erro refrativo em adultos brasileiros e a sua relação com a estatura, idade, sexo e escolaridade. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal que avaliou 173 indivíduos pela ceratometria, ecobiometria, refração e aferição da estatura. A análise estatística foi realizada pelo coeficiente de Pearson e pela elaboração de um modelo de regressão. RESULTADOS: Encontrou-se que: a cada aumento de 10 cm na estatura, esperar-se-ia encontrar um comprimento axial 0,32 mm mais longo, profundidade da câmara anterior 0,07 mm mais profunda, profundidade da cavidade vítrea 0,26 mm mais profunda e ceratometria 0,50 D mais plana; a cada aumento de 10 anos na idade esperar-se-ia encontrar profundidade da câmara anterior 0,15 mm mais rasa, cristalino 0,25 mm mais espesso, profundidade da cavidade vítrea 0,21 mm mais rasa e equivalente esférico 0,23 D mais positivo; a cada 10 anos de escolaridade esperar-se-ia equivalente esférico 0,74 D mais negativo. O sexo não apresentou influência. Equações referentes aos parâmetros biométricos e ao equivalente esférico foram formuladas. CONCLUSÕES: Correlações positivas foram encontradas entre: comprimento axial e estatura; profundidade da câmara anterior e da cavidade vítrea e estatura; espessura do cristalino e idade; ceratometria e estatura; equivalente esférico e idade. Correlações negativas foram encontradas entre: profundidade de câmara anterior e da cavidade vítrea e idade; equivalente esférico e escolaridade.PURPOSE: To assess ocular biometric parameters and refractive error in Brazilian adults and their relationship with height, age, gender and years of formal education. METHODS: Cross-sectional study that assessed 173 subjects by keratometry, echobiometry, refraction and measurement of body height. The statistical analysis was performed using Pearson's coefficient and a regression model was constructed. RESULTS: The correlations found were

  2. A biodiversidade bentônica em lagoa marginal ao rio Paranapanema na zona de sua desembocadura, na represa de Jurumirim - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v28i4.166 The benthic biodiversity in a lake marginal to the Paranapanema river in its mouth zone into Jurumirim reservoir- DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.166

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosemary Cristina Souza Davanso

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo principal verificar a biodiversidade bentônica em áreas do fundo da lagoa do Coqueiral, zona de desembocadura do rio Paranapanema, na represa de Jurumirim, Estado de São Paulo. Foram selecionados dezoito pontos de amostragem, englobando áreas rasas e áreas profundas. As coletas foram feitas em intervalos trimestrais ao longo de um ano; também foram analisadas as variáveis físicas e químicas da água (nível, transparência, temperatura, oxigênio dissolvido, pH e condutividade elétrica. Amostras do sedimento, para análise da fauna e de fatores abióticos (granulometria e conteúdo orgânico, foram recolhidas em tréplicas, utilizando como coletor a draga de Petersen. O material foi triado e analisado sob microscópio estereoscópico. Contagem e identificação dos organismos foram realizadas, e densidade, abundância relativa, riqueza taxonômica e índice de dominância foram calculados. A análise revelou uma fauna com baixa diversidade e a dominância de Chironomidae e Ephemeroptera. Domínio de Ephemeroptera, constituído por Campsurus, ocorreu no período mais quente do ano e com baixa profundidade da lagoa. A distribuição dos organismos teve como principais fatores determinantes profundidade, transparência, pH e temperatura da água. Na comparação feita entre áreas rasas e profundas, foi observada uma menor densidade de organismos nas regiões profundas.Coqueiral lake is a marginal lake located at the southeast São Paulo State, in the mouth zone of the Paranapanema river into Jurumirim Reservoir and it has high connectivity with the Paranapanema river. This work aimed to verify the benthic biodiversity in areas of the lake bottom. 18 sampling sites in the lake were selected, including shallow and deep areas. The samples were taken every three months during one year. Physical and chemical water variables (level, transparency, dissolved oxygen, pH, and electric conductivity were

  3. Estudo etnobotânico de Mauritia flexuosa L. f. (Arecaceae em comunidades ribeirinhas do Município de Abaetetuba, Pará, Brasil The ethnobotanical study of Mauritia flexuosa L. f. (Arecaceae in riverine communities of Abaetetuba county, Pará state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronize da Silva Santos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Dada a relevância cultural e econômica do miriti (Mauritia flexuosa L.f. em Abaetetuba-PA, principalmente na confecção de produtos artesanais, este trabalho teve como objetivo registrar informações a respeito do uso dado à folha desta palmeira pelas comunidades ribeirinhas de Sirituba, Tauerá, Acaraqui e Arapapuzinho, do referido município. Estas foram selecionadas durante oficina de mapeamento participativo, realizado pelo "Projeto Miriti", executado pelo Centro Internacional de Pesquisa Florestal (CIFOR. Os informantes (n=45 foram amostrados de forma probabilística, através da amostra por conglomerados. Para a coleta de dados aplicaram-se as técnicas de entrevista semi-estruturada, listagem livre, indução não-específica e observação participante. Foi calculado o valor de diversidade do informante (IDs e o índice de Sørensen para análise de similaridade dos usos entre as comunidades. Vinte e seis produtos confeccionados foram identificados, 15 dos quais referenciados como "artesanato popular local". "Paneiro", "rasa", "tipiti", "abano", "matapi" e "peneira" foram considerados os utensílios culturalmente mais importantes. O valor de diversidade do informante (IDs entre os entrevistados das quatro comunidades com relação à quantidade de produtos utilizados apresentou-se significativamente homogêneo. Os maiores índices de similaridade constatados foram entre as comunidades de Sirituba e Acaraqui e os menores entre Arapapuzinho e Acaraqui. O miriti possui expressiva importância para os ribeirinhos de Abaetetuba em muitos aspectos. O número de produtos identificados foi alto, e embora nem todos os objetos sejam utilizados no dia-a-dia eles possuem relevância econômica, uma vez que sua comercialização contribui para a renda dos moradores.The miriti (Mauritia flexuosa L.f. is of great cultural and economic importance in the county of Abaetetuba, Pará state, principally to make artisanal crafts and products. Given the

  4. KARAKTERISTIK DAN PROFIL INULIN BEBERAPA JENIS UWI (Dioscorea spp. Characteristic and Inulin Profil of Wild Yam (Dioscorea spp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Winarti

    2012-05-01

    adalah mengetahui kharakteristik fisik dan kimia jenis-jenis umbi uwi (Dioscorea spp., serta profil inulin yang terkandung dalam masing-masing umbi.Beberapa jenis uwi diperoleh dari berbagai daerah di Jawa Timur, antara lain Pacet Mojokerto, Karang Ploso dan Pegunungan Kawi Malang, Nganjuk, dan pasar tradisional Surabaya. Karakteristik fisik yang diamati meliputi , bentuk dan ukuran umbi, warna kulit dan daging umbi, berat rata-rata dan tekstur umbi. Karakteristik kimia yang diamati meliputi kadar air, kadar abu dan kadar inulin. Karakteristik organoleptik pada uwi kukus yang diamati adalah tekstur dan rasa. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan Analisis Varian (ANOVA dan uji lanjut Duncan’t Multiple Range Test (DMRT.Dari hasil karakterisasi diperoleh 10 jenis uwi yaitu D1 (Dioscororea alata/uwi putih, D2 (Dioscorea pinthaphylla/ uwi katak, D3 (Dioscorea hispida/uwi gadung, D4 (Dioscorea alata/uwi kuning kulit ungu, D5 (Dioscorea alata/ uwi ungu, D6 (Dioscorea esculenta/gembili, D7 (Dioscorea alata/uwi kuning, D8 (Dioscorea opposita/uwi putih kulit kuning, D9 (Dioscorea bulbifera/gembolo, dan D10 (Dioscororea rotundata/uwi putih kulit coklat.Kadar inulin tertinggi diperoleh pada Dioscororea esculenta (gembili yaitu 14,77 % (db. Kadar air berkisar antara71,89-85,07 % (wb, kadar abu 0,59-1,83 % dan tekstur   antara 0,012-0,055 (mm/g.dt. Skor organoleptik tekstur adalah 2,75-4,55 dan rasa adalah 3,20-5,00.

  5. FORMULASI BISKUIT PADAT SIAP-SANTAP UNTUK MAKANAN DARURAT (READY-TO-EAT-BISCUIT BARS FORMULATION FOR DISASTER-RELATED EMERGENCY SITUATION

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    Almasyhuri Almasyhuri

    2012-06-01

    bergizi selama keadaan darurat. Untuk makanan bayi telah ada di pasar berupa susu dan bubur susu yang dapat diberikan dalam situasi ini. Sementara makanan siap-santap untuk anak dan orang dewasa belum banyak tersedia di pasar. Beberapa survei pasca-bencana menunjukkan bahwa bantuan makanan dari donatur berupa makanan siap-santap umumnya hanya merupakan sumber enegi. Di samping itu makanan bantuan tersebut umumnya masih membutuhkan pengolahan terlebih dahulu sebelum disantap. Mengembangkan formula makanan siap-santap untuk usia anak sampai orang dewasa yang mengandung  tinggi energi dan dapat diberikan dalam situasi  kedaruratan. Makanan diproduksi dalam bentuk batangan padat, yang dapat diterima baik oleh panelis. Pada tahap awal dikembangkan enam jenis formula makanan, tiga berasa manis dan tiga lainnya berasa asin. Lalu dipilih satu formula yang terbaik, berdasarkan uji fisik dan sensori oleh panelis laboratorium. Makanan terpilih kemudian diuji porsi pada masyarakat di daerah rawan bencana. Formula yang dibuat dari tepung kedelai dan tepung wijen dengan rasa manis mempunyai nilai kesukaan paling baik dibandingkan dengan formula lainnya, dan dengan uji Duncan’s berbeda secara signifikan dari semua formula. Pada atribut rasa dan aroma formula ini tidak berbeda signifikan dibandingkan dengan formula lainnya, tetapi memiliki kerenyahan paling baik. Setiap energi 2.100 kkal biskuit padat tersusun 11,5 persen berasal dari protein, 44,4 persen dari lemak dan sisanya 44 persen dari karbohidrat. [Penel Gizi Makan 2012, 35(1: 42-48]   Kata Kunci: makanan formula, biskuit siap-santap, makanan darurat, bencana alam

  6. Hydrogeology of the Cliff House Sandstone in the San Juan structural basin, New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona and Utah

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorn, Conde R.; Levings, G.W.; Craigg, S.D.; Dam, W.L.; Kernodle, J.M.

    1990-01-01

    This report is one in a series resulting from the U.S. Geological Survey's Regional Aquifer-System Analysis (RASA) study of the San Juan structural basin that began in October 1984. Previous reports in the series describe the hydrogeology of the Dakota Sandstone (Craigg and others, 1989), Point Lookout Sandstone (Craigg and others, 1990), Morrison Formation (Dam and others, 1990), Gallup Sandstone (Kernodle and others, 1989), and Menefee Formation (Levings and others, 1990) in the San Juan structural basin. The purposes of the RASA (Welder, 1986) are to: (1) Define and evaluate the aquifer system; (2) assess the effects of past, present, and potential ground-water use on aquifers and streams; and (3) determine the availability and quality of ground water. This report summarizes information on the geology and the occurrence and quality of water in the Cliff House Sandstone, one of the primary water-bearing units in the regional aquifer system. Data used in this report were collected during the study or were derived from existing records in the U.S. Geological Survey's computerized National Water Information System (NWIS) data base, the Petroleum Information Corporation's data base, and the Dwight's ENERGYDATA Inc. BRIN data base. Although all data available for the Cliff House Sandstone were considered in formulating the discussions in the text, not all those data could be plotted on the illustrations. The San Juan structural basin is in New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and Utah and has an area of about 21,600 square miles (fig. 1). The structural basin is about 140 miles wide and about 200 miles long. The study area is that part of the structural basin that contains rocks of Triassic or younger age and, therefore, is less extensive than the structural basin. Triassic through Tertiary sedimentary rocks are emphasized in this study because the major aquifers in the basin are present in these rocks. The study area is about 140 miles wide (about the same as the

  7. Hydrogeology of the Point Lookout Sandstone in the San Juan structural basin, New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona and Utah

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craigg, Steven D.; Dam, W.L.; Kernodle, J.M.; Thorn, C.R.; Levings, G.W.

    1990-01-01

    This report is one in a series resulting from the U.S. Geological Survey's Regional Aquifer-System Analysis (RASA) study of the San Juan structural basin that began in October 1984. Previous reports in the series describe the hydrogeology of the Dakota Sandstone (Craigg and others, 1989), Morrison Formation (Dam and others, 1990), Gallup Sandstone (Kernodle and others, 1989), Menefee Formation (Levings and others, 1990), and Cliff House Sandstone (Thorn and others, 1990), in the San Juan structural basin. The purposes of the RASA (Welder, 1986) are to: (1) Define and evaluate the aquifer system; (2) assess the effects of past, present, and potential ground-water use on aquifers and streams; and (3) determine the availability and quality of ground water. This report summarizes information on the geology and the occurrence and quality of water in the Point Lookout Sandstone, one of the primary water-bearing units in the regional aquifer system. Data used in this report were collected during the study or were derived from existing records in the U.S. Geological Survey's computerized National Water Information System (NWIS) data base, the Petroleum Information Corporation's database, and the Dwight's ENERGYDATA Inc. BRIN data base. Although all data available for the Point Lookout Sandstone were considered in formulating the discussions in the text, not all those data could be plotted on the illustrations. The San Juan structural basin is in New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and Utah and has an area of about 21,600 square miles (fig. 1). The structural basin is about 140 miles wide and about 200 miles long. The study area is that part of the structural basin that contains rocks of Triassic or younger age and, therefore, is less areally extensive than the structural basin. Triassic through Tertiary sedimentary rocks are emphasized in this study because the major aquifers in the basin are present in these rocks. The study area is about 140 miles wide (about the same as the

  8. Hydrogeology of the Pictured Cliffs Sandstone in the San Juan structural basin, New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and Utah

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dam, William L.; Kernodle, J.M.; Thorn, C.R.; Levings, G.W.; Craigg, S.D.

    1990-01-01

    This report is one in a series resulting from the U.S. Geological Survey's Regional Aquifer System Analysis (RASA) study of the San Juan structural basin that began in October 1984. The purposes of the study (Welder, 1986) are to: (1) Define and evaluate the aquifer system; (2) assess the effects of past, present, and potential ground-water use on aquifers and streams, and (3) determine the availability and quality of ground water. Previous reports in this series describe the hydrogeology of the Dakota Sandstone (Craigg and others, 1989), Gallup Sandstone (Kernodle and others, 1989), Morrison Formation (Dam and others, 1990), Point Lookout Sandstone (Craigg and others, 1990), Kirtland Shale and Fruitland Formation (Kernodle and others, 1990), Menefee Formation (Levings and others, 1990), Cliff House Sandstone (Thorn and others, 1990), and Ojo Alamo Sandstone (Thorn and others, 1990) in the San Juan structural basin. This report summarizes information on the geology and the occurrence and quality of water in the Pictured Cliffs Sandstone, one of the primary water-bearing units in the regional aquifer system. Data used in this report were collected during the RASA study or derived from existing records in the U.S. Geological Survey's computerized National Water Information System (NWIS) data base, the Petroleum Information Corporation's data base, and the Dwight's ENERGYDATA Inc. BRIN database. Although all data available for the Pictured Cliffs Sandstone were considered in formulating the discussions in the text, not all those data could be plotted on the illustrations. The San Juan structural basin in New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and Utah has an area of about 21,600 square miles (fig. 1). The structural basin is about 140 miles wide and about 200 miles long. The study area is that part of the structural basin that contains rocks of Triassic and younger age; therefore, the study area is less extensive than the structural basin. Triassic through Tertiary

  9. Desarrollo de la sagitta en juveniles y adultos de Odontesthes argentinensis (Valenciennes, 1835 y O. bonariensis (Valenciennes, 1835 de la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina (Teleostei: Atheriniformes Development of the sagitta in young and adults of Odontesthes argentinensis (Valenciennes, 1835 and Odontesthes bonariensis (Valenciennes, 1835 from Buenos Aires province, Argentina (Teleostei: Atheriniformes

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    ANDREA D TOMBARI

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Se describió el desarrollo del otolito Sagitta de juveniles y adultos de Odontesthes argentinensis procedentes de Punta Rasa (36°22' S y Miramar (38°16' S y de Odontesthes bonariensis de la Laguna de Chascomús (35° 36' S. Se estudió, la morfología de las sagittae de ambas especies, analizando cuatro grupos morfológicos para O. argentinensis (I: 75-120 mm, II: 130-220 mm, III: 230-270 y IV: 280-320 mm y tres grupos morfológicos para O. bonariensis (I: 80-120 mm, II: 130-220 y III: 230-320 mm. Las características morfológicas comunes a la sagitta, de ambas especies, en los grupos estudiados son: presencia de sulcus, depresión areal dorsal en la cara medial, cara lateral con estrías y la presencia de un punto culminante en el borde dorsal. En la sagitta de O. argentinensis, la depresión areal dorsal se inicia ligada a la cauda, característica que permitió distinguir claramente entre otolitos de juveniles de ambas especies. A partir del estado adulto, la depresión areal dorsal se halla separada de la cauda en las dos especies y el análisis estadístico evidenció un crecimiento discontinuo. Se hallaron diferencias morfológicas entre pares de sagitta de un mismo individuo en cuanto a la forma del ostium, presencia de cisura, rostro y punto culminante, aunque no se halló significancia morfométricaThe development of the otolith sagitta was described in young and adults of two silverside species. Odontesthes argentinensis was collected from Punta Rasa (36°22' S and Miramar (38°16' S and, Odontesthes bonariensis collected from Laguna de Chascomús (35°36' S. Sagitta morphology was studied in both species, analyzing four morphological groups of O. argentinensis (I: 75-120 mm, II: 130-220 mm, III: 230-270 mm and IV: 280-320 mm and three morphological groups of O. bonariensis (I: 80-120 mm, II: 130-220 mm and III: 230-320 mm. The morphological features of the sagitta shared by both species are: sulcus present, dorsal areal depression

  10. Perawatan Satu\tKunjungan\tpada\tPremolar Pertama Atas Menggunakan Protaper Rotary dan Restorasi Resin Komposit

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    Sherli Diana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Preparasi kemomekanik pada saluran akar meliputi instrumentasi mekanis dan irigasi antibakteri yang secara prinsip dapat langsung mengeliminasi mikroorganisme pada sistem saluran akar. sejak diperkenalkan pada tahun 1988, instrumen rotary nikel-titanium (niti telah digunakan secara umum dalam perawatan endodontik karena kemampuannya membentuk saluran akar dengan prosedur komplikasi yang minimal. Tujuan dari laporan kasus ini adalah untuk memaparkan perawatan saluran akar satu kunjungan menggunakan protaper rotary dan restorasi resin komposit gigi premolar. Penderita pria 21 tahun datang ke RSGM Prof. Soedomo UGM Yogyakarta mengeluhkan gigi belakang atas kiri yang berlubang tapi tidak sakit dan pasien ingin  dirawat.Gigi  Premolar satu atas  kiri terdapat kavitas disto oklusal dengan pulpa terbuka. Pemeriksan objektif pada gigi 24 sondasi, perkusi, palpasi, dan tes termal menunjukkan hasil negatif.Pemeriksaan radiografis tidak terdapat lesi, lamina dura tidak terputus dan saluran akar jelas dan lurus. Pada kasus ini dilakukan perawatan saluran akar dengan menggunakan ProTaper rotary ( X-Smart, Dentsply. Pasca perawatan saluran akar, gigi premolar satu atas kiri dilakukan tumpatan resin komposit kelas II.Hasil evaluasi klinik saat kontrol tidak ada keluhan rasa sakit, pemeriksaan objektif juga tidak ada rasa sakit, warna gigi serasi dengan warna gigi tetangga.prognosis pada kasus ini baik dan tidak ada keluhan. Kesimpulan paska perawatan saluran akar satu kunjungan dengan instrumenrotary, tidak terdapat keluhan.Penggunaan Instrumen rotary Nikel-Titanium (NiTi sangat flexible dengan prosedur komplikasi yang minimal, dan hemat waktu. One Visit Treatment of Upper Premolar Tooth Using Rotary Protaper and Composite Resin Restoration. Chemomechanical preparation for root canal including mechanic instrumentation and anti-bacterial irrigation principally could eliminate microorganisms in root canal system. Many instruments and techniques have been

  11. A biodiversidade bentônica em lagoa marginal ao rio Paranapanema na zona de sua desembocadura, na represa de Jurumirim = The benthic biodiversity in a lake marginal to the Paranapanema river in its mouth zone into Jurumirim reservoir

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    Rosemary Cristina Souza Davanso

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo principal verificar a biodiversidade bentônica em áreas do fundo da lagoa do Coqueiral, zona de desembocadura do rio Paranapanema, na represa de Jurumirim, Estado de São Paulo. Foram selecionados dezoito pontos de amostragem, englobando áreas rasas e áreas profundas. As coletas foram feitas emintervalos trimestrais ao longo de um ano; também foram analisadas as variáveis físicas e químicas da água (nível, transparência, temperatura, oxigênio dissolvido, pH e condutividade elétrica. Amostras do sedimento, para análise da fauna e de fatores abióticos(granulometria e conteúdo orgânico, foram recolhidas em tréplicas, utilizando como coletor a draga de Petersen. O material foi triado e analisado sob microscópio estereoscópico. Contagem e identificação dos organismos foram realizadas, e densidade, abundância relativa, riqueza taxonômica e índice de dominância foram calculados. A análiserevelou uma fauna com baixa diversidade e a dominância de Chironomidae e Ephemeroptera. Domínio de Ephemeroptera, constituído por Campsurus, ocorreu no período mais quente do ano e com baixa profundidade da lagoa. A distribuição dos organismos teve como principais fatores determinantes profundidade, transparência, pH etemperatura da água. Na comparação feita entre áreas rasas e profundas, foi observada uma menor densidade de organismos nas regiões profundas.Coqueiral lake is a marginal lake located at the southeast São Paulo State, in the mouth zone of the Paranapanema river into Jurumirim Reservoir and it has high connectivity with the Paranapanema river. This work aimed to verify the benthic biodiversity in areas of the lake bottom. 18 sampling sites in the lake were selected, including shallow and deep areas. The samples were taken every three months during one year. Physical and chemical water variables (level, transparency, dissolved oxygen, pH, and electric conductivity were analyzed

  12. Permen dan Jelli Sebagai Produk Inovasi dari Pasak Bumi (Eurycoma longifolia Jack

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    Fatmir Edwar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Pasak bumi (Eurycoma longifolia Jack merupakan salah satu jenis tumbuhan hutan tropis di Indonesia yang pemanfaatannya sebagai bahan baku dalam pembuatan obat baik yang modern maupun tradisional.  Pasak bumi mengandung senyawa erikomanon yang ampuh mengobati malaria dan senyawa kuasinoid serta alkaloid yang dapat menghambat pertumbuhan sel kanker. Pasak bumi juga mempunyai senyawa aktif flavonoid yang berfungsi untuk melindungi struktur sel, meningkatkan efektifitas vitamin C, anti inflamasi, mencegah keropos tulang, antioksidan, dan antibiotik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuat produk permen dan jelli dari bagian akar, batang, daun, ranting, dan kulit pasak bumi sehingga dapat meningkatkan nilai tambah dan memudahkan akses bagi masyarakat luas untuk mendapatkan khasiat zat aktif yang dikandung tumbuhan tersebut dalam bentuk produk inovatif.  Standard produk yang dihasilkan (permen dan jelli mengacu kepada SNI 3547.1:2008 tentang kembang gula keras dan SNI No. 3547.2:2008 tentang kembang gula lunak. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian permen, semua parameter yaitu kadar air, abu, gula, sukrosa, Zn, Hg, Pb, As, Angka Lempeng Total, Coliform, Ecoli, Salmonella dan Kapang/Khamir memenuhi syarat, kecuali untuk parameter Cu dengan nilai antara 3,48–8,17% tidak memenuhi standar yang dipersyaratkan yaitu maksimal 2%. Sedangkan produk jelli sebagian besar memiliki kadar air bervariasi antara 18,20–39,45% tidak memenuhi standar  yang dipersyaratkan maksimal 20%. Hasil dari penelitian ini dapat meningkatkan nilai tambah dan nilai jual dari tumbuhan pasak bumi berupa produk permen dan jelli yang memiliki cita rasa, keunggulan dan manfaat bagi kesehatan.ABSTRAKPasak bumi (Eurycoma longifolia Jack merupakan salah satu jenis tumbuhan hutan tropis di Indonesia yang pemanfaatannya sebagai bahan baku dalam pembuatan obat baik yang modern maupun tradisional.  Pasak bumi mengandung senyawa erikomanon yang ampuh mengobati malaria dan senyawa kuasinoid serta

  13. MATAKAO SEBAGAI UPAYA PREVENTIF DAN REPRESIF TERHADAP TINDAK PENCURIAN DI PULAU AMBON DALAM PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM

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    La Jamaa

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak:Pencurian merupakan tindak pidana meresahkan masyarakat, sehingga dibutuhkan upaya preventif, dan represif, baik dari aparat kepolisian maupun kesadaran masyarakat sendiri. Upaya yang dilakukan masyarakat dusun Telaga Pange dan Telaga Pange di pulau Ambon terhadap pencurian tersebut adalah penggunaan matakao. Penelitian ini mengungkap dampak penggunaan matakao terhadap pencegahan pencurian barang masyarakat dusun Telaga Pange dan Telaga Kodok dan penggunaan matakao dianalisis dari aspek preventif dan represif terhadap pencurian dalam perspektif hukum Islam. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan syar’i dan fenomenologis serta dianalisis secara kualitatif deskriptif. Data dikumpulkan melalui teknik observasi dan wawancara mendalam kepada beberapa informan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat dusun Telaga Pange dan Telaga Kodok memercayai penggunaan matakao menimbulkan efek fisik berupa rasa sakit kepada pencuri tanaman atau hewan ternak yang dipasang matakao. Matakao karimpu menimbulkan efek psikologis; pencuri kesulitan keluar dari areal tanaman atau hewan ternak yang dicurinya hingga ditemukan korban atau orang lain. Rasa sakit yang dialami pencuri akan hilang, setelah diberikan penawar, jika pencuri mengakui perbuatannya dan bertobat tak akan mencuri lagi di hadapan korban (pemilik barang. Sehingga tanaman dan hewan ternak masyarakat setempat aman dari pencurian. Karena itu, matakao berdampak positif sebagai upaya preventif sekaligus represif terhadap pencurian di dusun Telaga Pange dan Telaga Kodok. Usaha pencegahan dari pencurian itu, sejalan dengan maqashîd al-syarî`ah, sebab pencurian merupakan jarîmah hudûd dalam hukum Islam. Pengakuan pelaku pencurian pada dasarnya merupakan alat bukti yang sah dalam perspektif hukum Islam.Abstract:Theft is a criminal act of disturbing the public, so that the necessary preventive measures and repressive, including police and public awareness. Efforts are being made publics of

  14. HUBUNGAN PENDAMPINGAN KELUARGA DENGAN LAMA PROSES PERSALINAN KALA I DI PUSKESMAS KARANGDORO KOTA SEMARANG

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    Widyah Setyowati

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang : Support system yang diberikan kepada ibu menjelang persalinan sangat mendukung dalam menurunkan tingkat kecemasan pada ibu pada saat persalinan. Keuntungan pendamping persalinan oleh keluarga dapat mengurangi rasa cemas, mempercepat  proses persalinan, menghindari komplikasi-komplikasi pada persalinan, mengurangi nilai score APGAR < 7 pada bayi baru lahir sehingga menghindari bayi asfeksia, waktu yang di butuhkan dalam proses persalinan semakin pendek, kepuasan ibu semakin meningkat dalam pengalaman melahirkan, persalinan yang diakhiri dengan vacuum ekstraksi, fosceps, dan secsio cesaria semakin menurun. Tujuan : Mengetahui hubungan pendampingan keluarga dengan lama proses persalinan kala I di Puskesmas Karangdoro Kota Semarang. Metode : Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan cross sectional dan jenis penelitian deskriptif analitik. Populasi dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 39 responden, menggunakan teknik sampel Total populasi yaitu semua ibu Primipara yang bersalin di puskesmas Karangdoro Semarang sebanyak 39 responden. Analisa yang digunakan univariat dan bivariat menggunakan uji chi-square. Hasil : Sebagian besar ibu dalam proses persalinan kala I mendapatkan pendampingan keluarga yang baik selama proses persalinan kala 1 sebanyak 24 (72,7% responden; Sebagian besar ibu mengalami proses persalinan kala 1 cepat sebanyak 21 (63, 6% responden; Ada hubungan yang bermakna antara pendampingan keluarga dengan lama proses persalinan di Puskesmas Karangdoro Semarang dengan  nilai continuity correction sebesar 3,275 dengan p value fisher exact sebesar 0,044 < 0,05. Simpulan : Ada hubungan yang bermakna antara pendampingan keluarga dengan lama proses persalinan di Puskesmas Karangdoro Semarang. Masyarakat diharapkan menambah wawasan tentang pendampingan keluarga pada proses persalinan kala I, sehingga masyarakat tidak merasa tabu dan takut dalam mendampingi persalinan kala I pada ibu bersalin.Latar Belakang : Support system yang diberikan

  15. Failure to establish and maintain a pregnancy in undernourished recipient ewes is associated with a poor endocrine milieu in the early luteal phase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Brun, Victoria; Meikle, Ana; Fernández-Foren, Andrea; Forcada, Fernando; Palacín, Inmaculada; Menchaca, Alejo; Sosa, Cecilia; Abecia, José-Alfonso

    2016-10-01

    Embryos from undernourished and control donor ewes were transferred to undernourished and control recipient ewes. Progesterone and metabolic hormones were investigated in recipient ewes to determine their association with pregnancy success. Forty-five donor and 52 recipient Rasa Aragonesa ewes were fed 1.5 (control group; donor n=20; recipient n=25) or 0.5 (low group; donor n=25; recipient n=27) times the daily requirements for maintenance from the onset of estrous synchronization treatment to embryo collection and transfer. The embryos were collected 7days after the onset of estrus (day 0), and two good-quality embryos were transferred into each recipient ewe. The percentage of pregnant ewes on day 18 and 40 did not differ between the two groups, although the recipient undernourished ewes tended to have greater late embryonic mortality (from days 18-40) than the control recipient ewes (P=0.11). No effect of the nutrition of the donor was found. Recipients that became pregnant had a higher ovulation rate than non-pregnant ewes (P=0.02). Undernourished ewes had lower plasma insulin concentrations than control ewes (P=0.03), and those that suffered late embryo mortality (from days 18-40) tended to have lower insulin and progesterone concentrations than their counterparts that remained pregnant (P=0.06 and P=0.07, respectively). In this study, pregnancy in control and undernourished recipient ewes was not associated with the origin of the embryo (undernourished and control donors). In conclusion, failure to establish and maintain a pregnancy was associated with lower progesterone and insulin levels one week after estrus in recipient ewes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Dental erosion and consumption of industrialized beverages in a group of children in Recife/Pernambuco, Brazil = Erosão dental e consumo de bebidas industrializadas em crianças de Recife/Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Araújo, Natália Costa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Observar a ocorrência de erosão dental em um grupo de crianças de 5 a 12 anos de idade, da cidade do Recife/Pernambuco e sua associação com o consumo de bebidas industrializadas. Metodologia: A amostra foi composta por 970 crianças e a coleta de dados abrangeu entrevistas e exames clínicos. Considerou-se como erosão dental a presença de lesões cervicais em superfícies vestibulares com as seguintes características clínicas: lesões largas, rasas, sem ângulos nítidos, com superfície lisa e em forma de “U”. Para a análise estatística foi utilizado o teste Qui-quadrado de Pearson. Resultados: A ocorrência de erosão dental na amostra estudada foi de 3,4%, sendo 2,4% para a dentição decídua e 1,8% para a dentição permanente. Tanto na dentição decídua, quanto na permanente, a erosão dental foi associada ao consumo de bebidas industrializadas (P=0,02 e de refrigerantes especificamente (P=0,004. Conclusão: Neste estudo, a ocorrência de erosão dental foi baixa, sugerindo que este tipo de agravo não se configura em um problema de saúde pública para a população investigada

  17. MUTU BAKTERIOLOGIS SAUS TOMAT PENTOL DI BANJARBARU

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    Ratih Dewi Dwiyanti

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The food was used as a complementary flavor sauces include snacks bulb. Dressing materials according to SNI 01-7388-2009 must comply with the requirements of the parameter Staphylococcus aureus, MPN (Most probable number Coliform, TPC (total plate count and molds. This study aims to determine the percentage of tomato sauce snacks bulb in the area around the intersection of four Banjarbaru who do not qualify SNI 01-7388-2009 of parameters MPN Coliform and Staphylococcus aureus. The results showed MPN Coliform tomato sauce ranges from 0-240 and Staphylococcus aureus 5 x 101 to 6.5 x 103. Concluded percentage tomato sauce snacks bulb that does not qualify SNI 01-7388-2009 parameter is 60% MPN Coliform and Staphylococcus aureus 80%. Suggestions to determine the value of TPC (total plate count and molds and other chemical parameters of tomato sauce. Abstrak: Makanan yang menggunakan saus sebagai pelengkap rasa diantaranya adalah jajanan pentol. Bahan saus menurut SNI 01-7388-2009 harus sesuai dengan persyaratan dengan parameter Staphylococcus aureus, APM (Angka Paling Mungkin Coliform, ALT (angka lempeng total dan kapang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui presentase saus tomat jajanan pentol di sekitar wilayah simpang empat Banjarbaru yang tidak memenuhi syarat SNI 01-7388-2009 dari parameter APM Coliform dan Staphylococcus aureus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan APM Coliform saus tomat berkisar antara 0-240 dan Staphylococcus aureus 5 x 101 - 6,5 x 103. Disimpulkan prosentase saus tomat jajanan pentol yang tidak memenuhi syarat SNI 01-7388-2009 dengan parameter APM Coliform adalah 60% dan Staphylococcus aureus 80%. Saran untuk mengetahui nilai ALT (Angka Lempeng Total dan kapang serta parameter kimiawi lainnya dari saus tomat.

  18. HUBUNGAN SOSIAL ANTARA ETNIS BANJAR DAN ETNIS MADURA DI KOTA BANJARMASIN

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    Yusuf Hidayat

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memahami integrasi sosial antara etnis Banjar dan Madura di Kota Banjarmasin. Berbeda dengan kota lain di Kalimantan, di kota Banjarmasin, etnis Banjar dan Madura dapat hidup bersama tanpa ada konflik keras meskipun kedua etnis tersebut sama-sama dikenal sebagai etnis pedagang. Penelitian ini mengadopsi metode kualitatif yang berfokus pada keunikan setiap individu sebagai produsen realitas. Penelitian ini telah dilakukan di kota Banjarmasin dan telah mewawancarai sembilan informan. Hasil penelitian ini mengungkapkan beberapa fakta. Pertama, agama dan aktivitas ritual merupakan media integrasi bagi etnis Banjar dan Madura. Kedua, penegakan hukum dalam masyarakat telah menimbulkan rasa hormat masyarakat terhadap hak orang lain. Ketiga, sikap etnis Madura yang menghormati budaya lokal menumbuhkan pemahaman yang baik pada masyarakat etnis Madura terhadap etnis Banjar. The objective of this study is to explore social integration between Banjar ethnic and Madura ethnic in City of Banjarmasin. Different from the etnich condition in other town in Borneo, in Banjarmasin city, both ethnic can life together without any hard conflict although they both have been known as ethnic trader. This research adopted qualitative method focused on the uniqueness of each individual as producer of reality. This research has been done in Banjarmasin city. This research has found that: first, religion and its ritual and activity is a media of integration between Banjar and Madura Ethnic. Second, law empowering in society have made the society respect to the other right. Third, the attitudes of Madura ethnic who show respects to local culture have increased the understanding between Madura ethnic and Banjar ethnic.

  19. KAJIAN KADAR SERAT, KALSIUM, PROTEIN, DAN SIFAT ORGANOLEPTIK CHIFFON CAKE BERBAHAN MOCAF SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENGGANTI TERIGU

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    Dian Ayu Damayanti

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Study of Fiber, Calcium, and Protein Content and the Organoleptic Cha­rac­teristics of Mocaf Chiffon Cake as an Alternative Substitution of Wheat Flour. This research aims to identify the physical properties, the hedonic quality, the level of preferences, as well as the fiber, calcium, and protein contents of mocaf chiffon cakes. Data is analyzed using t-test. The results show: (1 the physical properties of colors has colors L (brightness, a+ (redness, and b+ (yellowish; (2 the highest value of preference level of color is 4.28; (3 the highest value of the hedonic quality of flavors is 4.60; (4 the highest value of the chemical properties of calcium is 10.53, (5 the lowest value of the protein content is 5.97 g, and (6 the highest value of fiber content is 4.34 g.   Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sifat fisik, mutu hedonik, tingkat kesukaan, kandungan serat, kandungan kalsium, dan kandungan protein chiffon cake berbahan mocaf. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksperimen. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji-t. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 sifat fisik warna memiliki kisaran warna L (kecerahan, a+ (kemerahan, dan b+ (kekuningan; (2 tingkat ke­suka­­an warna memiliki nilai tertinggi 4,28; (3 mutu hedonik rasa memiliki nilai tertinggi 4,60; (4 sifat kimia kalsium memiliki nilai tertinggi 10,53; (5 kan­dung­an protein memiliki nilai terendah 5,97g; dan (6 kandungan serat memiliki nilai ter­tinggi  4,34 g.

  20. Completion of proteomic data sets by Kd measurement using cell-free synthesis of site-specifically labeled proteins.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Majkut

    Full Text Available The characterization of phosphotyrosine mediated protein-protein interactions is vital for the interpretation of downstream pathways of transmembrane signaling processes. Currently however, there is a gap between the initial identification and characterization of cellular binding events by proteomic methods and the in vitro generation of quantitative binding information in the form of equilibrium rate constants (Kd values. In this work we present a systematic, accelerated and simplified approach to fill this gap: using cell-free protein synthesis with site-specific labeling for pull-down and microscale thermophoresis (MST we were able to validate interactions and to establish a binding hierarchy based on Kd values as a completion of existing proteomic data sets. As a model system we analyzed SH2-mediated interactions of the human T-cell phosphoprotein ADAP. Putative SH2 domain-containing binding partners were synthesized from a cDNA library using Expression-PCR with site-specific biotinylation in order to analyze their interaction with fluorescently labeled and in vitro phosphorylated ADAP by pull-down. On the basis of the pull-down results, selected SH2's were subjected to MST to determine Kd values. In particular, we could identify an unexpectedly strong binding of ADAP to the previously found binding partner Rasa1 of about 100 nM, while no evidence of interaction was found for the also predicted SH2D1A. Moreover, Kd values between ADAP and its known binding partners SLP-76 and Fyn were determined. Next to expanding data on ADAP suggesting promising candidates for further analysis in vivo, this work marks the first Kd values for phosphotyrosine/SH2 interactions on a phosphoprotein level.

  1. Pelaksanaan Mediasi dalam Sistem Peradilan Agama (Kajian Implementasi Mediasi dalam Penyelesaian Perkara di Pengadilan Agama Kelas I A Palembang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Antasari

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini akan membahas tentang kebijakan peraturan tentang mediasi di agama pengadilan dan cara penyelesaian sengketa melalui mediasi dan pelaksanaan mediasi dalam kasus pengadilan di Pengadilan Agama Kelas I A Palembang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif. Sumber data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan data sekunder. Dari penelitian ini diketahui bahwa latar belakang aturan kebijakan mediasi di Pengadilan Agama adalah (a manfaat yang bisa diperoleh jika mediasi digunakan sebagai alat dalam penyelesaian sengketa, yaitu proses mediasi bisa mengatasi masalah akumulasi materi, proses mediasi dipandang sebagai sarana penyelesaian sengketa yang lebih cepat dan lebih murah daripada proses litigasi, penegakan mediasi dapat memperluas akses bagi semua pihak untuk memperoleh rasa keadilan, (b penyediaan upaya perdamaian mereka dalam undang-undang. (c masyarakat Indonesia adalah masyarakat yang suka damai. Pelaksanaan proses mediasi di pengadilan agama dilakukan dengan dua cara, yaitu mediasi litigasi awal, dan mediasi lebih litigasi. This article will discuss about regulatory policy on mediation in religious courts way dispute resolution through mediation according to Islamic law and implementation of mediation in settlement court cases in Religious Courts Class I A Palembang. This research is qualitative research Source of data used is primary data and secondary data primary. Data derived from field and secondary data consisted of a literature study. From this research note Background to the policy rules on mediation in the Religious Courts is (a the benefits to be gained if mediation used as a means in the settlement of disputes, namely the mediation process could overcome the problem of accumulation of matter, the mediation process is viewed as a means of dispute resolution that is faster and cheaper than the litigation process, enforcement of mediation can expand access for all parties to gain a sense of justice, (b provision their

  2. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN PASAR OTAK-OTAK BANDENG DI KABUPATEN GRESIK

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    Nofiyati Nofiyati

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1 mengetahui karakteristik konsumen otak-otak bandeng di Gresik, (2 menganalisis atribut-atribut yang mempengaruhi pembelian otak-otak bandeng di Gresik. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Toko Muzanah dan Sari Kelapa. Metode analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode diskriptif dan analisis konjoin. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsumen otak-otak bandeng berusia antara 25-35 tahun, rata-rata pendidikan terakhir sarjana dan bekerja sebagai karyawan swasta dengan gaji rata-rata lebih dari Rp. 2.500.000dan memiliki tanggungan keluarga antara 1-5 orang. Berdasarkan hasil analisis konjoin diketahui bahwa konsumen otak-otak bandeng lebih menyukai bahan kemasan kardus, desain kemasan bergambar bandeng, rasa pedas, harga Rp. 45.000 dan ukuran berat 400 gr.MARKETING STRATEGY OF OTAK-OTAK BANDENG IN GRESIKABSTRACTThe aims of this study are (1 to know the characteristics of the consumers who buy otak-otak bandeng in Gresik, (2 to analyze what kinds of attributes that become the consumers’ choice on otak-otak bandeng in Gresik. This study is conducted in Muzanah Store and Sari Kelapa. This study uses descriptive analysis and conjoint analysis. The results of this study show that the consumers who buy otak-otak bandeng are consumers in the age of 25-35 years old with college as their last education that work as private sector employees with salary > Rp 2,500,000 and have a number of family members of 1-5 people. The results of conjoint analysis show that the consumers prefer cardboard packaging material, milkfish image packaging design, dominant blue color packaging, spicy flavor, price of Rp 45,000, and size of 400 gr.

  3. Effects of exogenous melatonin on in vivo embryo viability and oocyte competence of undernourished ewes after weaning during the seasonal anestrus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vázquez, M I; Abecia, J A; Forcada, F; Casao, A

    2010-09-01

    This study investigated the effects of exogenous melatonin on embryo viability and oocyte competence in post-partum undernourished ewes during the seasonal anestrus. At parturition (mid-Feb), 36 adult Rasa Aragonesa ewes were assigned to one of two groups: treated (+MEL) or not treated (-MEL) with a subcutaneous implant of melatonin (Melovine(R), CEVA) on the day of lambing. After 45 d of suckling, lambs were weaned, ewes were synchronized using intravaginal pessaries, and fed to provide 1.5x (Control, C) or 0.5x (Low, L) times daily maintenance requirements. Thus, ewes were divided into four groups: C-MEL, C+MEL, L-MEL, and L+MEL. At estrus (Day=0), ewes were mated. At Day 5 after estrus, embryos were recovered by mid-ventral laparotomy and classified based on their developmental stage and morphology. After embryo collection, ovaries were recovered and oocytes were classified and selected for use in in vitro fertilization (IVF). Neither diet nor melatonin treatment had a significant effect on ovulation rate and on the number of ova recovered per ewe. Melatonin treatment significantly improved the number of fertilized embryos/corpus luteum (CL) (-MEL: 0.35 +/- 0.1, +MEL: 0.62 +/- 0.1; P = 0.08), number of viable embryos/CL (-MEL: 0.23 +/- 0.1, +MEL: 0.62 +/- 0.1; P competence of oocytes during IVF. Treatment groups did not differ significantly in the number of healthy oocytes used for IVF, number of cleaved embryos, or number of blastocysts and, consequently, the groups had similar cleavage and blastocyst rates. In conclusion, melatonin treatments improved ovine embryo viability during anestrus, particularly in undernourished post-partum ewes, although the effects of melatonin did not appear to be mediated at the oocyte competence level. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Ekstrak Air Daun Sirih (Piper betle Linn sebagai Antioksidan Alami pada Pengolahan Ikan Patin (Pangasius hypophthalmus Asin Kering

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    Farida Ariyani

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Kajian peran ekstrak air daun sirih sebagai antioksidan alami pada proses pengolahan ikan patin asin kering telah dilakukan. Penambahan ekstrak air daun sirih pada berbagai konsentrasi (0, 4, 5, 6, 7% b/v dilakukan pada saat perendaman patin segar dalam larutan garam jenuh selama 48 jam. Selanjutnya patin asin hasil penggaraman dikeringkan di bawah sinar matahari selama 4–5 hari. Pengamatan aktivitas antioksidan ekstrak air daun sirih dilakukan dengan metode 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH yang dibandingkan dengan Buthylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT sebagai kontrol positif, sedangkan pengamatan efektivitas ekstrak air daun sirih sebagai antioksidan patin asin dilakukan melalui analisis parameter oksidasi yakni angka TBA, angka anisidin dan produk berfluoresen serta karakteristik  sensori (warna, bau, dan rasa. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak air daun sirih memiliki aktivitas antioksidan lebih tinggi dibandingkan BHT. Penambahan ekstrak air daun sirih dengan konsentrasi 4–7% (b/v selama penggaraman dalam proses pengolahan patin asin mampu menghambat proses oksidasi lemak patin asin dan patin asin kering yang tercermin dari rendahnya angka TBA, angka anisidin dan produk berfluoresen dibanding kontrol. Perlakuan terpilih dari penelitian ini adalah kelompok perlakuan penambahan ekstrak daun sirih 4% yang menghasilkan patin asin kering dengan angka TBA 6,42 mMol MDA/kg (kontrol 15,10 mMol MDA/kg, angka anisidin 3,41 mMol/g minyak (kontrol 6,87 mMol/g minyak, dan produk berfluoresen 0,091 mg/g ikan (kontrol 0,219 mg/g ikan. Karakteristik sensori patin asin dengan perlakuan terpilih berwarna coklat muda, berbau tidak tengik, dan berasa sedikit getir.

  5. Internal Flooding Probabilistic Safety Assessment of an OPR-1000 Plant during Low Power and Shutdown Operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Yoon Hwan; Park, Jin Hee; Lim, Ho Gon

    2016-01-01

    In 2009, the electric power research institute (EPRI) published a guideline for the development of IF-PRA that addresses the requirements of the ASME/ANS RASa-2009 PRA consensus standard. The EPRI guideline delineates a level of detail and assessment complexity that has been significantly increased with respect to the guidance for IF assessment performed for the individual plant examination (IPE) to address Generic Letter 88- 20. The main differences include: A more systematic approach to the definition of flood area. The identification, screening and analysis of flooding sources and scenarios. The calculation of the initiating-event frequency (IEF) based on the actual length and characteristics of the piping. The inclusion of spatial effects such as spray from pipe leaks. The specific documentation associated with the plant walkdowns. Among these differences, this research focused on the third and fourth items when performing the internal flooding PSA. This is done by identifying the pipe and fluid characteristics, assessing the pipe pressure, characterizing the pipe (i.e., pipe diameter, length, etc.) and determining the pressure boundary failure frequency. The results were summed for the various piping systems within a given flood area to arrive at an overall internal flood initiating frequency for a given flood mode (i.e., spray, general flood, or major flood) for that particular area by each POS (Plant Operational State). In this initiating event frequency evaluations, the POS duration time is especially considered to get the real values for LPSD state. Characterizations of spray scenarios were evaluated to determine their impact on plant risk caused by internal flooding events.

  6. Factors affecting fertility after cervical insemination with cooled semen in meat sheep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palacín, I; Yániz, J L; Fantova, E; Blasco, M E; Quintín-Casorrán, F J; Sevilla-Mur, E; Santolaria, P

    2012-06-01

    Field results of 18,328 cervical artificial inseminations (AI) with cooled semen in Rasa Aragonesa meat sheep under field conditions in north-eastern Spain AI were analyzed. Logistic regression procedures were used including fertility at AI as the dependent variable (measured by lambing, 0 or 1) and year, month of AI, farm, hours between extraction and insemination, number of ewes inseminated in a set of AI, parity, lambing-treatment interval, total number of synchronization treatment per ewe, inseminating ram and AI technician as independent factors. Previous parturitions, lambing-AI interval, month, farm, inseminating ram and technician were factors with significant impact on AI fertility. Based on the odds ratio, the likelihood of pregnancy decreased: in ewes with more than five previous parturitions (by a factor of 0.87, 0.79 and 0.66 for the 6th, 7th and ≥8 parturitions, respectively); in ewes with lambing-AI interval higher than 240 days (by a factor of 0.8); and for inseminations performed during the spring period, (March, April, May and June, 0.70, 0.76, 0.66, and 0.76, respectively). We noted a higher fertility in seven inseminating rams (odds ratios between 1.4 and 1.7) and lower in two rams (odds ratios between 0.6 and 0.7). Of the 17 AI technicians, two were related to fertilities improved by odds ratio of 1.6, and 1.30, whereas two technicians were attributed fertility rates reduced by odds ratios of 0.68 and 0.40. These findings should be taken into account to evaluate the AI technique performance and make decisions to enhance fertility results. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. ENTREVISTA: "NÃO SE FAZ NOTÍCIA SÓ COM TECNOLOGIA", DIZ A PESQUISADORA THAIS DE MENDONÇA JORGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    thaisa Cristina Bueno

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Thaís de Mendonça Jorge tem uma vasta experiência como jornalista e como pesquisadora na área da comunicação. No mercado, seu currículo acumula experiências nas redações de jornais como Jornal do Brasil, O Globo, Istoé, Correio Braziliense, O Tempo, Hoje em Dia entre outros; como professora, além de integrar o corpo docente da Faculdade de Comunicação (FAC da Universidade de Brasília, coordena, desde 2014, o Programa de Pós-Graduação em Comunicação nessa instituição. Envolvida em pesquisas na área de gênero jornalístico, mídia e política, novas tecnologias e redações, a autora do "Manual do foca. Guia de sobrevivência para jornalistas" (Editora Contexto, de 2008, e "Mutação no jornalismo. Como a notícia chega à internet", de 2013, pela Editora UnB, conversa nessa entrevista sobre o futuro do jornalismo, promovendo um link entre os desafios do mercado e também da academia. Nesta conversa, realizada durante o Simpósio de Ciberjornalismo, na Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul, ela não se nega a tocar em assuntos delicados, como a prática da cópia entre profissionais de imprensa e a formação rasa de muitos professores na área da Comunicação, em diversas faculdades pelo país. Defensora de uma formação completa, e antenada às novidades tecnológicas, a professora é categórica: " a gente não pode restringir as nossas preocupações à tecnologia".

  8. REFORMA PARADIGMA HUKUM DI INDONESIA DALAM PERSPEKTIF SEJARAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martitah Martitah

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the development of the legal thought in Indonesia, which was influenced by the results of intellectual contemplation, which is irrespectively from the condition of time surround it, not only its ideology but also politicization towards symbolism of the common law, as the embryo of a national law. However, in the reality, the law in Indonesia is much influenced by colonial law as the written law. After the reformation period, massive range of steps has been taken to replace or reduce abandoned Dutch colonial law. This suggests that the orientation and characteristic of legal thought in Indonesia cannot be separated from social origin, as a base discovery of legal theories which have traditional values in Indonesia. In judicial practice, it has arisen various decisions that regard to the public’s justice sense which is not just based on the only written law. Keywords: Characteristics, Shifting Thought, Indonesian Legal History Artikel ini mendeskripsikan perkembangan pemikiran hukum di Indonesia. Pemikiran hukum Indonesia dipengaruhi oleh hasil perenungan intelektual, yang tidak terlepas dari situasi zaman yang melingkupinya, baik ideologisasi maupun politisasi yang mengarah pada simbolisme hukum adat, sebagai embrio hukum nasional. Namun dalam kenyataannya hukum di Indonesia banyak dipengaruhi oleh hukum kolonial yaitu hukum yang tertulis. Setelah reformasi, berbagai langkah massif dilakukan untuk menggantikan atau mereduksi hukum yang di-tinggalkan kolonial Belanda. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa orientasi dan karakteristik pemikiran hukum di Indonesia tidak dapat dilepaskan dengan asal usul sosial masyarakat, sebagai basis ditemukannya teori-teori hukum yang memiliki nilai tradisi ke-Indonesiaan. Dalam praktik peradilan telah muncul berbagai putusan yang memperhatikan rasa keadilan masyarakat tidak sekedar berdasar pada hukum tertulis saja. Kata Kunci: Karakteristik, Pergeseran Pemikiran, Sejarah Hukum Indonesia    

  9. PARIWISATA KREATIF DAN KEGIATAN EKSTRAKURIKULER BERBASIS BAMBU DALAM PENGEMBANGAN MODEL BISNIS CV SURATIN BAMBOO

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    Dewa Ayu Tenara Kardinia Cidhy

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to design a prototype of a future business model which would be adopted to achieve balance between the aspects of new business opportunities and competitive advantages of CV Suratin Bamboo. The analytical method utilized in the study was the business model canvas approach (BMC supported by the blue ocean strategy and SWOT.  The results revealed that through this business model development, bamboo workshop is expected to provide information regarding bamboo derived products, raise awareness of preserving the indigenous bamboo culture, increase sense of belonging to domestic products, as well as become the primary support of innovation and ideas in constructing Indonesia as a nation. Meanwhile, for businesses actors, besides increasing revenue, conducting bamboo workshops is expected to increase the company growths for the long term. The opportunity to maneuver in the development of bamboo-based business model demonstrates that bamboo business with high quality products has both tangible and intangible potentials to be developed further.Keywords: bamboo, blue ocean strategy, business model canvas, creative tourism, extracurricularABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah merancang prototype model bisnis masa depan yang akan digunakan untuk menemukan keseimbangan antara aspek peluang bisnis yang baru dan aspek keuntungan kompetitif CV Suratin Bamboo. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah dengan pendekatan kanvas model bisnis (BMC dilengkapi dengan blue ocean strategy serta SWOT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan melalui pengembangan model bisnis ini, pelatihan bambu diharapkan mampu memberikan informasi tentang produk turunan bambu, meningkatkan kesadaran melestarikan kearifan lokal budaya bambu, meningkatkan rasa cinta produk dalam negeri, serta menjadi pendorong lahirnya inovasi dan gagasan yang membangun bangsa Indonesia. Sementara bagi pelaku usaha, selain peningkatan revenue, pelatihan bambu diharapkan mampu meningkatkan

  10. Uji Mikroorganisme pada Cabai (Capsicum annuum Bakso yang Disajikan di Tempat Penjualan Bakso di Kecamatan Padang Timur

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    Raja Nona Millani

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakBakso merupakan salah satu kuliner yang favorit bagi sebagian besar kalangan. Penikmat bakso selalu mencampurkan cabai sebagai penambah rasa pedas. Pada beberapa tempat penjualan bakso banyak kemungkinan terjadinya kontaminasi pada cabai yang disajikan diantaranya tempat cabai bakso yang kurang bersih. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah memeriksa mikroorganisme pada cabai bakso yang disajikan di tempat penjualan bakso di Kecamatan Padang Timur. Penelitian deskriptif ini dilakukan di Laboratorium Mikrobiologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas dari  Oktober 2013 sampai  Desember 2014. Jumlah sampel adalah 20 yang diambil dari tempat penjualan bakso di Kecamatan Padang Timur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar sampel (90% mengandung bakteri yaitu Klebsiella sp, Enterobacter sp, Proteus sp, Bacillus sp,Streptococcus sp dan sisanya 10% mengandung candida. Diharapkan konsumen berhati-hati dalam mengkonsumsi cabai bakso yan disajikan ditempat penjualan bakso.Kata kunci: cabai, bakso, bakteri AbstractMeatball is  a favorite culinary food among citizens. People use spicy chili as a dipping sauce to enhance flavour. In most of the meatballs selling stalls, there are high possibilites of the chili served getting contaminated for example, due to the lack of cleanliness of the chili serving containers. The objective of this study was to identity the presence of the microorganisms in dipping sauce served in meatballs selling stalls in Padang Timur District. This research was conducted in the Laboratory of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Andalas from October 2013 to December 2014 using descriptive method. A total of 20 samples were taken from the meatball stalls in Padang Timur District. Based on the results, The result showed that 90% of the samples contain bacteria such as Klebsiella sp, Enterobacter sp, Proteus sp, Bacillus sp, Streptococcus sp and the remaining 10% contain candida. Therefore, consumers are advised to be

  11. MODEL PENYELESAIAN PERSELISIHAN PARTAI POLITIK SECARA INTERNAL MAUPUN EKSTERNAL (The Model of Political Party Dispute Settlement Internally and Externally

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Cahya Indra Permana

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Undang-Undang Parpol mengatur bahwa perselisihan Parpol diselesaikan secara internal oleh Mahkamah Partai atau sebutan lain daripada itu dan secara eksternal oleh Pengadilan Negeri dan Mahkamah Agung. Substansi perselisihan yang final dan mengikat di Mahkamah Partai adalah perselisihan kepengurusan, selebihnya dapat diajukan upaya hukum ke Pengadilan Negeri dan Mahkamah Agung. Di dalam praktek, pengaturan tersebut telah menjauhkan dari rasa keadilan, kepastian hukum dan kemanfaatan, oleh karenanya sebaiknya direvisi yang mana perselisihan PAW, pelanggaran terhadap hak anggota partai politik, penyalahgunaan wewenang,  pertanggungjawaban keuangan, dan atau keberatan terhadap keputusan partai politik (termasuk keputusan untuk tidak memutuskan terhadap sesuatu hal final dan mengikat dengan Putusan MPP. Sedangkan perselisihan kepengurusan dapat diajukan upaya hukum ke Mahkamah Konstitusi. Political parties act stipulates that a political party dispute resolved internally by the Mahkamah Partai or other designation of that and externally resolved by the District Court and the Supreme Court. The dispute substance in Mahkamah Partai which is final and binding is about organization dispute, the other can be settled in District Court and the Supreme Court. In practice, that arrangement makes the decision apart from the sense of justice, legal certainty and utility. Therefore, these rules should be revised so that the regulation of PAW, violations of the rights of members of political parties, abuse of authority, financial liability, or an objection to the decision of political parties (including the decision not to decide on something is final and binding through Mahkamah Partai decision. While the organization disputes can be submitted to the Constitutional Court for legal action.

  12. Sistem Informasi Wisata Kuliner di Kota Semarang Berbasis Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaerunissa Ariwardhani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Kemajuan teknologi informasi dewasa ini memicu pertumbuhan jumlah para pengguna internet. Dalam dunia bisnis, peranan teknologi menjadi hal yang sangat utama, dan bisa dikatakan sudah menjadi kebutuhan primer bagi usahawan pada masa ini. Demikian halnya tentang kuliner yang telah memanfaatkan jaringan internet untuk menyajikan berbagai informasi baik dari informasi tempat, rasa, penyajian dan harga  dalam bidang teknologi informasi. Namun untuk informasi kuliner di Semarang dalam sebuah site, sementara ini masih kurang lengkap dan belum ada site yang menkhususkan wisata kuliner di Semarang. Oleh karena itu dibutuhkan sebuah perancangan aplikasi sistem informasi wisata kuliner Kota Semarang berbasis web untuk memudahkan masyarakat dalam menemukan ragam kuliner yang ada di Kota Semarang . Desain dan implementasi akan diawali dengan analisa kebutuhan sistem atau dikenal dengan istilah system requirements analysis. Hal ini ditujukan untuk mendapatkan spesifikasi sistem yang sesuai. Dalam tahapan desain, Data Flow Diagram digunakan untuk penggambaran proses bisnis dengan jelas. Sementara itu, Entity Relationship Diagram digunakan untuk merepresentasikan data dalam sistem secara logis. Hasil dari tahapan desain kemudian diimplementasikan dengan menggunakan bahasa pemrograman PHP dan menggunakan sistem basis data MySQL serta penggunaan Javascript untuk menghasilkan sistem informasi berbasis web yang lebih dinamis Tools yang digunakan adalah software Adobe Dreamweaver CS6, XAMPP. Hasil pengujian Sistem Informasi Wisata Kuliner di Kota Semarang Berbasis Web menunjukkan bahwa semua fitur yang terdapat dalam aplikasi dapat bekerja dengan baik seperti mengelola data kuliner, mengelola data admin, mengelola data member dan mengelola komentar yang masuk. Menggunakan permodelan sistem Entity Relationship Diagram. Sistem informasi ini memiliki user pada sistem sebanyak lima yaitu admin, member aktif, member pasif, member premium dan pengunjung.

  13. MENINGKATKAN DISPOSISI BERPIKIR KREATIF MATEMATIS MELALUI PENDEKATAN APOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elda Herlina

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Makalah ini membahas tentang disposisi berpikir kreatif matematis, yang meliputi aspek-aspek perilaku kreativitas adalah: awareness and sensitivity to problems, memory, fluency, flexibility, originality, self-discipline and persistence, adaptability, intellectual playfulness, humor, nonconformity, tolerance for ambiguity, self confidence, skepticism, dan intelligence. Disposisi berpikir kreatif matematis siswa/mahasiswa terlihat masih rendah. Sikap ini terlihat kurangnya minat siswa/mahasiswa dalam menyelesaikan permasalahan matematika, seperti rendahnya rasa ingin tahu siswa/mahasiswa, kurang imajinatif, tidak berani mengambil resiko, dan lain-lain. Selain itu pentingnya disposisi berpikir kreatif matematis berkaitan dengan pentingnya penguasaan kompetensi matematika untuk kehidupan peserta didik, seperti yang terdapat pada standar kompetensi lulusan oleh pemerintah melalui Permen 23 tahun 2006. Tiga hal dasar yang menjadi pertanyaan dalam makalah ini yaitu: 1. Apa itu disposisi berpikir kreatif matematis? 2. Bagaimana Meningkatkan disposisi berpikir kreatif matematis siswa/mahasiswa? Kata Kunci : Disposisi Berpikir Kreatif Matematis, aksi, proses, objek, skema   This paper discusses the creative mathematical thinking dispositions , which include behavioral aspects of creativity are : awareness and sensitivity to problems , memory , fluency , flexibility , originality , self - discipline and persistence , adaptability , intellectual playfulness , humor , nonconformity , tolerance for ambiguity , self confidence , skepticism , and intelligence . Disposition creative thinking mathematically pupil / student looks still low . This attitude is seen to lack of interest of students / student in solving mathematical problems , such as lack of curiosity of students / college students , less imaginative , did not dare to take risks , and others. Besides the importance of creative thinking dispositions mathematically related to the importance of

  14. DESKREPANSI AGENDA MEDIA DENGAN AGENDA PUBLIK: Studi Agenda Setting Harian Radar Madiun Terhadap Mahasiswa Jurusan Ilmu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr Pramono

    2016-08-01

    , pendidikan berpengaruh terhadap daya cipta, rasa, dan karsa dalam pembentukan fasilitas publik berupa tugu atau gerbang (landmark. Kondisi sosial yang dipengaruhi oleh kelompok masyarakat yang dominan turut menyumbang keragaman dalam pembentukan identitas di kota ini. Keywords: Reyog Ponorogo, Interaksi Simbolik, Komunikasi, Fasilitas Publik.

  15. INTERAKSI SIMBOLIK DALAM KOMUNIKASI BUDAYA (Studi Analisis Fasilitas Publik Di Kabupaten Ponorogo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oki Cahyo Nugroho

    2016-02-01

    terhadap daya cipta, rasa, dan karsa dalam pembentukan fasilitas publik berupa tugu atau gerbang (landmark. Kondisi sosial yang dipengaruhi oleh kelompok masyarakat yang dominan turut menyumbang keragaman dalam pembentukan identitas di kota ini.

  16. INTERAKSI SIMBOLIK DALAM KOMUNIKASI BUDAYA (STUDI ANALISIS FASILITAS PUBLIK DI KABUPATEN PONOROGO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oki Cahyo Nugroho

    2016-08-01

    , pendidikan berpengaruh terhadap daya cipta, rasa, dan karsa dalam pembentukan fasilitas publik berupa tugu atau gerbang (landmark. Kondisi sosial yang dipengaruhi oleh kelompok masyarakat yang dominan turut menyumbang keragaman dalam pembentukan identitas di kota ini. Keywords: Reyog Ponorogo, interaksi simbolik, komunikasi, fasilitas publik.

  17. La recuperación de la memoria histórica en tres novelas españolas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis García Jambrina

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Una de las funciones de la novela –naturalmente, no la única ni necesariamente la más importante– es la recuperación de la memoria histórica. Así lo entiende, por ejemplo, la profesora María Teresa López de la Vieja en su interesante libro Ética y literatura (2003, del que estas páginas introductorias son plenamente deudoras. Se trata, pues, de la novela concebida como una forma de lucha contra el olvido y contra la voluntad de amnesia, como una forma de recuperar, por ejemplo, la memoria histórica de la Guerra Civil o de otras guerras, de la posguerra y de la represión y de la larga transición que Rafael Chirbes (2002 ha llamado “traición” en repetidas ocasiones y a la que se refiere en muchos pasajes de su libro de ensayos, ese pacto de olvido y de silencio que intentó hacer tabla rasa de todo lo anterior y poner el cuentakilómetros a cero, como si no hubiera ocurrido nada. Y es que, después de una experiencia trágica de guerra, posguerra o represión, muchas víctimas se encuentran con una injusticia añadida, que es la del silencio o el olvido. La literatura tiene entonces el deber –y el privilegio– de recuperar nombres, lugares y fechas que deberían haber entrado en la historia, o que han entrado de forma insuficiente o que han sido ignorados, olvidados o tachados. La literatura ayuda, por tanto, a hacer memoria, a fin de entender cómo fueron o pudieron ser determinados hechos, y a mantener activo el recuerdo de los mismos para que, entre otras cosas, no vuelvan a repetirse.

  18. Tentang Manusia Dalam Tembang Palaran Dhandhanggula Nyi Tjondrolukito: Kajian Filsafat Sangkan-Paran

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    Agung Pramujiono

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Perspektif filsafat sangkan-paran dapat digunakan untuk menganalisis manusia dalam tembang Palaran Dhandhanggula Nyi Tjondrolukito (PDNT yang mencakup apa dan siapa manusia, bagaimana hendaknya manusia berperilaku dalam hidup, dan apa sebenarnya tujuan hidup manusia. Secara materialistik, manusia terbentuk atas unsur-unsur yang sama dengan unsur alam, yaitu api, angin, tanah, dan air yang dilambangkan dengan warna merah, kuning, hitam, dan putih. Secara spiritual, sebagai siapa, manusia terdiri atas empat unsur yang dilambangkan dengan empat warna tersebut. Keempatnya merupakan sedulur papa manusia yang merupakan hawa nafsu manusia yang melengkapi rasa/ruh yang bersemayam dalam manusia. Berkaitan dengan perilaku hidup, hendaknya manusia memiliki keimanan, ketawadukan, kesungguhan, dan mampu menjaga keselarasan dengan alam, keseimbangan jagad cilik yang ada dalam dirinya dengan jagad gedhe yang berupa alam semesta. Sebagai bagian akhir, manusia harus menyadari tujuan hidupnya. Abstract: The Sangkan Paran philosophical perspective can be employed to analyze human beings in the traditional Javanese song Palaran Dhandhanggula Nyi Tjondrolukito (PDNT covering who and what human matters are, how they should behave and achieve their goals in living their lives. Materialistically speaking, on one hand, a human being is composed of elements that are similar to the natural elements, namely, fire, wind, soil, and water that are symbolized by red, yellow, black, and white color. Spiritually speaking, on the other hand, human beings are believed to be composed of the four natural elements. Those elements are considered to be the four “siblings” of human beings. They constitute their passions that enrich their souls. In relation to behavior, human should have faith, loyalty, persistence, ability to keep in harmony of the “small world’ within themselves and “the gigantic world”, that is the whole universe. Last but not least, they should be aware

  19. Systematic Radioactivity Monitoring of Adriatic Coastal Waters Using Mussels (Mytilus Galloprovincialis) as a Bioindicator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barisic, D.; Rogic, M.; Rozmaric Macefat, M.; Benedik, Lj.; Strok, M.

    2013-01-01

    Mediterranean Mussel Watch (MMW) is a project for radioactivity monitoring of Mediterranean coastal waters using mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) as a bioindicator. Mussels are sessile marine organisms able to filter up to 80 L of sea water daily. Possibility of absorption and accumulation of dissolved/particulate matter from sea water makes them a good bioindicator for environmental pollution studies. Laboratory for Radioecelogy systematically monitores Adriatic coastal waters as a part of MMW project, which includes determination of 7Be, 40K, 232Th, 226Ra,238U and 137Cs, as well as highly radiotoxic naturally occuring radionuclides 210Po and 210Pb. The mussels were collected in spring and autumn periods of 2010 and 2011 at 13 stations including areas under significant fresh water discharges (Rasa, Zrnovnica, Neretva and Ombla Rivers) or areas under potential antropogenic influence (Kastela Bay). After sample preparation 7Be, 40K, 232Th, 226Ra, 238U and 137Cs were determined gamma-spectrometrically, while 210Po and 210Pb were separated on Sr resin. 210Po was determined on an alpha spectrometer after self-deposition on Ag disc, while 210Pb was determined via 210Bi on a gas proportional counter after PbSO 4 precipitation. 7Be, 210Po and 210Pb activity concentrations were higher in spring than in autumn periods for all locations, with the highest activities in the areas under heavy fresh water discharges. Activity concentrations of 40K were practically the same at all locations with no seasonal changes, while 137Cs activities varied significantly. Activities of 232Th, 238U and 226Ra were mostly below the detection limit of gamma-spectrometric measurements.(author)

  20. Pembuatan Formulasi Krim Anti Nyamuk dari Fraksi Minyak Sereh

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    Sri Pudji Rahayu

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Minyak sereh dan fraksinya merupakan minyak atsiri yang mempunyai banyak kegunaan, diantaranya sebagai repellent atau pengusir nyamuk yang merupakan vektor berbagai penyakit seperti demam berdarah dengue (DBD. Saat ini formula pengusir nyamuk menggunakan bahan kimia DEET (n,n-diethyl-m-toluamide yang mempunyai efek samping terhadap kulit manusia, karena itu minyak sereh ini merupakan alternatif bahan aktif pengusir nyamuk yang perlu dikembangkan. Telah dilakukan penelitian pembuatan formulasi krim anti nyamuk dengan menggunakan fraksi minyak sereh dalam bentuk sediaan krim. Formulasi krim dibuat dengan variabel konsentrasi bahan aktif fraksi sereh dari 0,1%; 0,2%; 0,3%; 0,4%; 0,6% dan penambahan bahan pewangi serta penambahan NaOH dan KOH. Selanjutnya dilakukan analisis sifat fisiko kimia meliputi pH, kestabilan dan homogenitas krim serta pengujian efektifitas dari formulasi krim terhadap gigitan nyamuk dan uji iritasi terhadap kulit. Formula yang dihasilkan berwarna putih, mempunyai bau/wangi segar yang khas, rasa hangat pada kulit, pH normal sekitar 7, kestabilan baik dan homogen. Uji efektivitas terhadap populasi nyamuk Aedes aegypti di laboratorium menunjukkan bahwa Formulasi VI dengan konsentrasi bahan aktif 0,6% memberikan hasil yang terbaik dalam perlindungan terhadap gigitan nyamuk sampai lebih 6 jam, diikuti dengan Formulasi III (0,2% bahan aktif dengan perlindungan sampai 5 jam, Formulasi IV (0,3% bahan aktif dan formulasi V (0,4% bahan aktif dengan perlindungan sampai 4 jam, dan Formulasi I (0,1% bahan aktif yang memberikan perlindungan hanya sampai 3 jam. Akan tetapi secara ekonomi Formula III merupakan yang terbaik yaitu dengan konsentrasi bahan aktif 0,2 %berat atau 0,09% citronellal juga sudah dapat memberikan perlindungan terhadap gigitan nyamuk sampai 5 jam hingga 6 jam. Sedangkan Formulasi VII dengan penambahan bahan pelembab/pewangi jojoba dan Formulasi II dengan penambahan NaOH dan KOH untuk memperbaiki penampilan sediaan

  1. IMPLEMENTASI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DI SMP NEGERI 8 DAN SMP NEGERI 9 PURWOKERTO

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    Tutuk Ningsih

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan dan mendeskripsikan; (1 implementasi pendidikan karakter (IPK di SMP Negeri 8 dan SMP Negeri 9 Purwokerto; (2 peran kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa dalam IPK; dan (3 aktualisasi nilai-nilai karakter dalam IPK. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini merupakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan kualitatif-naturalistik.Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah pengamatan partisipan, wawancara mendalam, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan model interaktif Miles dan Huberman. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ditarik kesimpulan berikut ini. (1 Implementasi pendidikan karakter yang lakukan melalui pola kegiatan terpadu antara kegiatan intrakurikuler dan ektrakurikuler. (2 Implementasi pendidikan karakter yang dilakukan oleh kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa mempunyai peranan yang positif dalam pembentukan kultur sekolah yang berkarakter. Peran kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa dalam IPK diwujudkan dalam: (a peran kepala sekolah sebagai motivator, pemberi contoh keteladanan, pelindung, penggerak kegiatan, perancang kegiatan, pendorong, dan pembimbing; (b peran guru sebagai pendidik, pengasih, dan pengasuh; dan (c peran siswa sebagai subjek didik dan pelaksana kegiatan di sekolah. (3 Aktualisasi nilai-nilai karakter dalam IPK cenderung mengacu pada prinsip ABITA (Aku Bangga Indonesia Tanah Airku berbasis kebangsaan dan religius yang meliputi 18 nilai karakter, yaitu: (a nilai religius, (b kejujuran, (c demokratis, (d tanggungjawab, (e disiplin, (f peduli lingkungan, (g peduli sosial, (h kerja keras, (i mandiri, (j cinta tanah air, (k semangat kebangsaan, (l rasa ingin tahu, (m gemar membaca, (n menghargai prestasi, (o cinta damai, (p bersahabat/komunikatif, (q toleran, dan (r kreatif. (4 Terdapat persamaan dan perbedaan dalam IPK di kedua SMP tersebut, persamaannya adalah mengacu pada nilai-nilai yang ada pada prinsip ABITA, perbedaannya kalau di SMP Negeri 8 melaksanakan 12 nilai karakter dan kegiatan

  2. In vivo effects of traditional Ayurvedic formulations in Drosophila melanogaster model relate with therapeutic applications.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vibha Dwivedi

    Full Text Available Ayurveda represents the traditional medicine system of India. Since mechanistic details of therapy in terms of current biology are not available in Ayurvedic literature, modern scientific studies are necessary to understand its major concepts and procedures. It is necessary to examine effects of the whole Ayurvedic formulations rather than their "active" components as is done in most current studies.We tested two different categories of formulations, a Rasayana (Amalaki Rasayana or AR, an herbal derivative and a Bhasma (Rasa-Sindoor or RS, an organo-metallic derivative of mercury, for effects on longevity, development, fecundity, stress-tolerance, and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP levels of Drosophila melanogaster using at least 200 larvae or flies for each assay.A 0.5% (weight/volume supplement of AR or RS affected life-history and other physiological traits in distinct ways. While the size of salivary glands, hnRNP levels in larval tissues, and thermotolerance of larvae/adult flies improved significantly following feeding either of the two formulations, the median life span and starvation resistance improved only with AR. Feeding on AR or RS supplemented food improved fecundity differently. Feeding of larvae and adults with AR increased the fecundity while the same with RS had opposite effect. On the contrary, feeding larvae on normal food and adults on AR supplement had no effect on fecundity but a comparable regime of feeding on RS-supplemented food improved fecundity. RS feeding did not cause heavy metal toxicity.The present study with two Ayurvedic formulations reveals formulation-specific effects on several parameters of the fly's life, which seem to generally agree with their recommended human usages in Ayurvedic practices. Thus, Drosophila, with its very rich genetic tools and well-worked-out developmental pathways promises to be a very good model for examining the cellular and molecular bases of the effects of

  3. Pharmacovigilance study of Ayurvedic medicine in Ayurvedic Teaching Hospital: A prospective survey study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajanal, Manjunath N; Nayak, Shradda U; Kadam, Avinash P; Prasad, B S

    2015-01-01

    Though Ayurveda is practiced in the Indian subcontinent since centuries, there is a paucity of systematic documentation related to the occurrence of adverse drug reactions (ADR) and other issues regarding the safety of Ayurveda medicines. To monitor and analyze the pattern and frequency of ADR to Ayurvedic medicines in an Ayurvedic hospital setup. In this prospective study, ADR monitoring was done in KLE Ayurveda Secondary Care Hospital, Belgaum, Karnataka, India by spontaneous and intensive monitoring technique for a span of 1-year (June 2010 to May 2011). Data pertaining to patient demography, drug and reaction characteristics, organ system involved and reaction outcomes were collected and evaluated. The reaction severity and predisposing factors were also assessed. In a span of one year, 84 adverse drug events were reported out of which 52 confirmed as ADR. The overall incidence of ADR in the patient population was 1.14%, out of which 23 (44.23%) were related to Panchakarma (detoxification process), 13 (25.00%) related to the herbal formulations and 06 (11.53%) were of Rasa Aushadhi (mineral or herbo-mineral formulations). The commonly affected organ systems were gastrointestinal system 24 (46.15%) and skin 15 (28.84%). The majority of the reactions were moderate 30 (57.69%) to mild 20 (38.46%) in severity. Most patients recovered from the incidence. The present work has documented the incidence and characteristic of ADR to Ayurvedic medicine in a typical Ayurveda hospital setup. This will help in developing various strategies for boosting pharmacovigilance in Ayurveda, thereby ensuring safer use of Ayurveda medicines.

  4. Effect of dietary, social, and lifestyle determinants of accelerated aging and its common clinical presentation: A survey study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samarakoon, S M S; Chandola, H M; Ravishankar, B

    2011-07-01

    Aging is unavoidable and natural phenomenon of life. Modern gerontologists are realizing the fact that aging is a disease, which Ayurveda had accepted as natural disease since long. Rate of aging is determined by one's biological, social, lifestyle, and psychological conditions and adversity of which leads to accelerated form of aging (Akalaja jara or premature aging). The aim of this study is to identify potential factors that may accelerate aging in the context of dietry factors, lifestyle and mental makeup. The 120 diagnosed subjects of premature-ageing of 30-60 years were randomly selected in the survey study. Premature ageing was common among females (75.83%), in 30-40 age group (70%), 86.67% were married, had secondary level of education (36.66%), house-views (61.67%), belongs top middle class (58.33%) and engaged in occupations that dominating physical labour (88.33%). The maximum patients are constipated (60%), had mandagni (80%), vata-kapha prakriti (48.33%), rajasika prakriti (58.33%), madhyama vyayama shakti (73.33%), and madhyama jarana shakti (85.83%). Collectively, 43.33% patients were above normal BMI. The more patients had anushna (38.33%) and vishamasana dietary pattern (25.83%), consumed Lavana (88.33%) and Amla rasa (78.33%) in excess on regular basis. Some patients had addicted to tobacco (11.67%) and beetle chewing (5.83%). The maximum patients had no any exercise (79.17%) and specific hobby (79.17%) in their leisure times. Analyzing Hamilton Anxiety and Depression Rating Scales revealed that 39.80%, 37.86%, 33.98%, 24.27% and 18.44% patients had insomnia, depression, tension, GIT symptoms and anxious mood respectively. These data suggest that certain social, dietary and lifestyle factors contribute towards accelerated ageing among young individuals.

  5. PENERAPAN MODEL KELOMPOK USAHA KREATIF ISLAMI (KUKIS DALAM PEMBERDAYAAN PEREMPUAN BERBASIS PONDOK PESANTREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novi Widiastuti

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Pondok pesantren Ulul Albab Cabang Sangkanhurip Kabupaten Bandung terletak di tengah persawahan sehingga masyarakat masih kesulitan dalam mengakses program yang diselenggarakan di pondok pesantren tersebut. Kondisi masyarakat yang sangat heterogen menyebabkan sering terjadi konflik diantara masyarakat itu sendiri bahkan dengan pihak pondok pesantren. Konflik yang terjadi pada masyarakat disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor diantaranya yaitu rendahnya pendidikan, kesulitan ekonomi dan rendahnya pemahaman agama pada masyarakat. Hadirnya pondok pesantren diharapkan mampu menjadi solusi dalam mengatasi permsalahan tersebut. Selain itu, budaya rentenir masih sangat merajalela sehingga bukan hanya menambah maslaah dalam ekonomi, melainkan masyarakat terus menanggung beban dosa yang berlipat dari memakan harta riba. Melihat permasalahan tersebut, maka kami tim peneliti dan pengurus pondok pesantren merancang sebuah model pemberdayaan perempuan berbasis pondok pesantren dalam upaya meningkatkan tiga aspek kehidupan yaitu Agama, Pendidikan, dan Ekonomi (APE. Model pemberdayaan perempuan yang kami namai model Kukis ini akan diujicobakan dalam penelitian dengan tujuan untuk melihat 1 kondisi sebelum dan sesudah penerapan model kukis, 2 Hambatan yang dihadapi, serta 3 Solusi permasalahan yang muncul pada penerapan model tersebut. Penelitian ini akan menggunakan metode pra eksperimen dengan membandingkan kondisi sebelum dan sesudah penerapan model kukis dengan sasaran penelitian yaitu perempuan usia produktif di lingkungan pondok pesantren. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terjadi Peningkatan penghasilan rata-rata sebesar 18% yaitu Rp. 255.000 per warga belajar selama 1 bulan memulai usaha menunjukkan adanya keberhasilan penerapan model Kukis meskipun belum optimal. Pemahaman warga belajar juga mengalami peningkatan rata-rata sebesar 33%.Hambatan yang ditemukan dalam ujicoba model kukis adalah (1 Menurunnya motivasi warga belajar (2 rendahnya rasa percaya diri

  6. OPTIMASI PUBLISH-SUBSCRIBE ADAPTIF UNTUK MONITORING KEAMANAN SELASAR GEDUNG G4 TEKNIK ELEKTRO UNIVERSITAS NEGERI MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Wirawan

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Security and comfort become very important for every educational institution, especially college. Security and comfort should be properly integrated to create an ideal academic atmosphere. This research designs online security monitoring system of G4 TEUM's hallway area by utilizing social media using adaptive Publish Subscribe system. Publisher i.e. students upload the current condition of the G4 TEUM's hallway by utilizing social media: twitter, facebook or instagram, then brokers choose the uploaded data corresponding to G4 content to be sent in the form of notification to subscriber, which is TEUM security in the form of dynamic web application. The experimental results show that by using adaptive Publish-Subscribe method, the cpu usage is reduced by 31,76% and bandwith usage by 39,4%, compared with non-adaptive method, on data event obtained by both publisher and subscribe. Rasa aman dan nyaman merupakan salah satu hal  yang sangat berpengaruh pada dunia pendidikan dalam pembelajaran, khususnya di perguruan tinggi. Keamanan dan kenyamanan harus diintegrasikan dengan baik untuk menciptakan atmosfer akademik yang ideal. Penelitian ini merancang sistem pemantauan keamanan online di area selasar G4 TEUM dengan memanfaatkan media sosial yang menggunakan sistem Publish-Subscribe Adaptif. Publisher yaitu mahasiswa mengunggah kondisi terkini dari selasar G4 TEUM dengan memanfaatkan media sosial, seperti twitter, facebook, dan instagram, kemudian broker memilih data upload sesuai dengan konten G4 yang akan dikirimkan berupa notifikasi ke Subscriber, yaitu pihak keamanan TEUM dalam bentuk aplikasi web dinamis. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa dengan menggunakan metode Publish-Subscribe adaptif, penggunaan CPU berkurang sebesar 31,76% dan penggunaan bandwidth sebesar 39,4%, dibandingkan dengan metode non adaptif, pada data event yang diperoleh baik pada Publisher maupun Subscriber.

  7. Pementasan Tari Gandrung Dalam Tradisi Petik Laut di Pantai Muncar, Desa Kedungrejo, Kec.Muncar, Banyuwangi, Jawa Timur (Suatu Kajian Filosofis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Relin D.E

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Tari Gandrung merupakan kekayaan budaya lokal banyuwangi dan dijadikan maskot daerah Banyuwangi. Tari gandrung banyak dipentaskan diberbagai acara publik termasuk di dalam tradisi petik laut. Pementasan Tari Gandrung dalam tradisi petik laut memiliki makna tersendiri karena tradisi ini diyakini sebagai bentuk persembahan kepada Dewa Laut agar nelayan dianugrahkan ikan yang berlimpah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bentuk Tari Gandrung dan makna filosofi Tari gandrung yang terkandung dalam tradisi Petik laut di pantai Muncar Banyuwangi. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode kualitatif. dengan analisis deskriftip kualitatif. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi (data-data sekunder. Adapun hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Setiap peragaan Gandrung Banyuwangi selalu berpola jejer, paju dan seblang-seblang. Dalam pementasannya memasuki tiga babak yakni pertama  jejer, gending terdiri dari lagu Padha Nonton yang terdiri dari delapan bait 32 baris setiap baitnya terbagi menjadi empat baris, baru kemudian dilanjutkan dengan gending Padha Nonton pada bait-bait berikutnya dengan gerak tari yang sesuai warna lagu yang dibawakan. Kemudian babak kedua disebut Paju gending yang dibawakan bebas sesuai permintaan yang akan ikut menari (maju gandrung dan ketiga Seblang-seblang yang selalu diawali dengan gending atau lagu yang berjudul Seblang Lukito dan gending-gending lainnya. Pementasan tari gandrung dalam tradisi petik laut secara filosofis bila diamati dari lagu Padha nonton dengan syairnya berbentuk bebas dan pola yang berkembang ini merupakan gambaran filosofis hidup tentang manusia. Filosofis yang diekspresikan dalam bentuk tari dan nyanyi sebagai simbol pesan tentang hidup dan kehidupan. Terutama dalam adegan seblang-seblang memvisualisasikan perpaduan bentuk gerak dan nyanyian yang indah untuk menyampaikan pesan-pesan tentang hidup dan kehidupan segala suka dukanya sebagai manusia. Demikian juga ucapan rasa syukur

  8. Using Uncertainty Quantification to Guide Development and Improvements of a Regional-Scale Model of the Coastal Lowlands Aquifer System Spanning Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, L. K.; Clark, B. R.; Duncan, L. L.; Tebo, D. T.; White, J.

    2017-12-01

    Several historical groundwater models exist within the Coastal Lowlands Aquifer System (CLAS), which spans the Gulf Coastal Plain in Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. The largest of these models, called the Gulf Coast Regional Aquifer System Analysis (RASA) model, has been brought into a new framework using the Newton formulation for MODFLOW-2005 (MODFLOW-NWT) and serves as the starting point of a new investigation underway by the U.S. Geological Survey to improve understanding of the CLAS and provide predictions of future groundwater availability within an uncertainty quantification (UQ) framework. The use of an UQ framework will not only provide estimates of water-level observation worth, hydraulic parameter uncertainty, boundary-condition uncertainty, and uncertainty of future potential predictions, but it will also guide the model development process. Traditionally, model development proceeds from dataset construction to the process of deterministic history matching, followed by deterministic predictions using the model. This investigation will combine the use of UQ with existing historical models of the study area to assess in a quantitative framework the effect model package and property improvements have on the ability to represent past-system states, as well as the effect on the model's ability to make certain predictions of water levels, water budgets, and base-flow estimates. Estimates of hydraulic property information and boundary conditions from the existing models and literature, forming the prior, will be used to make initial estimates of model forecasts and their corresponding uncertainty, along with an uncalibrated groundwater model run within an unconstrained Monte Carlo analysis. First-Order Second-Moment (FOSM) analysis will also be used to investigate parameter and predictive uncertainty, and guide next steps in model development prior to rigorous history matching by using PEST++ parameter estimation code.

  9. A mulher na literatura: seus enquadramentos e a precariedade da emancipação

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    Bruna Cordeiros Lira

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A figura histórica feminino presente na literatura do século XVI, por exemplo, expõe um cenário literário sem representatividade feminina em suas obras. A composição da narrativa sobre a mulher estava a cargo de escritores homens, que insuficientemente versavam acerca das mulheres, mas que revelavam a exclusão e repressão feminina nos meios acadêmicos e sociais. Desta forma Virginia Woolf em “Um teto todo seu” traça panoramas históricos e sociais sobre a restrição do sexo feminino a literatura, tanto no acesso a leituras e a aprendizagem, fontes intelectuais que as embase e a liberdade cerceada socialmente de produzir no meio literário e acadêmico. Envolta em uma sociedade excludente, há fomento a uma construção social que desprivilegia a mulher como agente das escritas literárias, inviabilizando a sua emancipação intelectual ao longo da história. Calcado nestes elementos, a teoria do capital humano de Michel Foucault estabelece dialogo sobre as condições de subjugação patriarcal das mulheres, juntamente com o investimento em capital humano não ofertado a elas da mesma forma que aos homens na sociedade. Juntamente com a autora Judith Butler em “Vida precária, vida passível de luto”, há o questionamento teórico sobre o livro de Woolf acerca do enquadramento produzido por uma literatura sexista e excludente, que de forma rasa ou insuficiente via a mulher como um agente social, inferiorizando a sua existência.

  10. Distribuição vertical do cavalo-marinho Hippocampus reidi Ginsburg, 1933 na região de Arraial do Cabo, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Freret-Meurer

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2012v25n2p59 Os cavalos-marinhos são encontrados em todo o mundo, em águas rasas da costa tropical e temperada. Este trabalho tem como objetivo caracterizar as populações de cavalos-marinhos em diferentes gradientes de profundidade e hidrodinamismo. O estudo foi realizado em seis áreas selecionadas aleatoriamente em Arraial do Cabo, Rio de Janeiro. O estudo foi desenvolvido com mergulho autônomo. Foram realizadas transecções de 20m x 5m em dois estratos de profundidade: acima de cinco metros de profundidade (0 - 5m e abaixo de cinco metros (5 – 10m. Utilizando censo visual, os exemplares foram identificados quanto à espécie, ao sexo e biometrados (height – HT. De acordo com os resultados, a densidade do cavalo-marinho variou com a profundidade e o hidrodinamismo do local. A maior profundidade média foi encontrada na Ilha de Cabo Frio – Ponta do Anequin, já a menor foi na Praia do Forno – Ponta D’água. Não há diferença significativa no tamanho dos indivíduos acima e abaixo dos 5m. A profundidade de machos e fêmeas também não apresentou variações significativas. A razão sexual de H. reidi na população de Arraial do Cabo é de 1:1. Os resultados obtidos indicaram que as características populacionais são semelhantes entre os dois estratos de profundidade.

  11. Measurement and modeling of wind waves at the northern coast of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    José Henrique G. M. Alves

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Directional measurements of wind-wave spectra made during the year of 1996 are used in a preliminary investigation of the wind-wave climate and its transformation at the São Francisco do Sul island, northern coast of the Santa Catarina state. Four major sea states and associated meteorological conditions are identified through analyses of joint distributions of observed wave parameters. Transformations of these main sea-state patterns due to refraction and shoaling are investigated through a numerical modeling approach that allows the reconstruction of the wave field within extensive coastal areas, using single point measurements of the wave spectrum in shallow waters. Cross-validation of measured and reconstructed spectra at the study site yield consistent results, suggesting that the proposed methodology works well for the São Francisco do Sul coast.Medições do espectro direcional de ondas geradas pelo vento realizadas em 1996 são utilizadas em uma investigação preliminar do clima de ondas no litoral norte de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Quatro estados de mar predominantes são identificados, em conjunto com os padrões meteorológicos associados a sua ocorrência, através de análises estatísticas. As transformações desses quatro estados de mar devido a refraçâo e empinamento são investigadas através de modelos numéricos, que permitem obter estimativas do campo de ondas em áreas extensas a partir de medições pontuais feitas em águas rasas. Comparações entre espectros medidos e modelados produzem resultados consistentes, sugerindo que a metodologia proposta é válida para a costa de São Francisco do Sul.

  12. STATUS KEKEBALAN DAN FAKTOR RISIKO TOXOPLASMOSIS PADA WANITA USIA SUBUR HASIL RISKESDAS 2007

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    Rabea Pangerti Jekti

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis disebabkan oleh parasit Toxoplasma gondii. Diperkirakan sekitar 30 - 50% populasi dunia telah terinfeksi oleh toxoplasma, sebagian besar tanpa gejala. Penderita dengan kekebalan tubuh yang kuat apabila terinfeksi T. gondii pada umumnya tidak mengalami keadaan patologik yang nyata walaupun pada beberapa kasus dapat juga mengalami pembesaran kelenjar limfe, rasa lelah yang berlebihan, miokarditis akut, miositis hingga radang otak. Analisis ini bertujuan untuk mengukur hubungan kekebalan tubuh (titer antibodi pada wanita usia subur  terhadap kejadian toxoplasmosis  dan faktor risiko tingkat kekebalan tubuh. . Analisis ini menggunakan data potong lintang Riskesdas 2007. Subjek adalah wanita usia subur (WUS yang berusia 15-45 tahun. Kekebalan terhadap toxoplasmosis dilihat dengan mengukur kadar immunoglobulin G (IgG melalui tehnik ELISA (toxolisa. Subjek dikatakan tidak memiliki kekebalan terhadap toxoplasmosis jika toxolisanya <32 IU Sampel yang terpilih di analisis lebih lanjut untuk mengetahui faktor demografi, risiko, dan perilaku yang berhubungan dengan status kekebalan toksoplasmosis. Jumlah sampel yang terpilih dan mempunyai data yang lengkap sejumlah 6068 subjek dari 10521 women in repeoductive age. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa 63,7% memiliki kekebalan, dan 36,3% tidak memiliki kekebalan terhadap toxoplasmosis.  WUS yang berusia 15-17 tahun mempunyai risiko yang lebih tinggi untuk tidak memiliki kekebalan toxoplasmosis yaitu sebesar 26% (ORs=1,26, 95% CI 1,03-1,55, p=0,027, begitu juga dengan WUS yang berstatus Ibu Rumah Tangga (IRT dan pelajaryaitu 16% (ORs=1,16, 95% CI 1,04-1,30, p=0,007, dan WUS yang berstatus kawin yaitu 30% (ORs=1,30, 95% CI 1,13-1,49, p=0,000. WUS yang berusia 15-17 tahun, berstatus kawin, dan IRT serta pelajar, merupakan kelompok yang berisiko tidak memiliki kekebalan terhadap toxoplasmosis, sehingga perlu kewaspadaan untuk meningkatkan upaya pencegahan dan perlindungan terhadap toxoplasmosis.   Kata kunci

  13. Pemeraman untuk meningkatkan kualitas keju yang diinnokulasi Rhizopus oryzae

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    SOLIKAH ANA ESTIKOMAH

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Estikomah SA, Sutarno, Pangastuti A. 2010. Pemeraman untuk meningkatkaan kualitas keju yang diinokulasi Rhizopus oryzae. Bioteknologi 7: 55-62. Keju merupakan makanan hasil fermentasi dari susu yang proses fermentasinya dilakukan oleh bakteri asam laktat maupun jamur. Rhizopus oryzae diketahui mampu menghasilkan asam laktat, protease, dan lipase. Perubahan cita rasa dan tekstur keju terjadi selama pemeraman keju. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan kualitas keju yang diinokulasi R. oryzae melalui pemeraman. Pemeraman dilakukan dengan variasi waktu (7, 14 hari dan suhu (5ºC, 10ºC, 15ºC. Penelitian ini terdiri dua tahap, yaitu pembuataan keju mentah diikuti pemeraman keju mentah tersebut. Keju penelitian dianalisis nilai pH, kadar lemak, kadar protein, kadar asam amino dan diidentifikasi mikrobanya. Data hasil penellitian dianalisis dengan uji siidik ragam (ANAVA, kemudian dilanjutkan dengan uji berjarak ganda Duncan (DMRT pada taraf signifikansi 5%. Data hasil tingkat kesukaan dianalisis dengan statistik nonparametrik uji Fridman yang dilanjutkaan dengan Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test (WSRT pada taraf sigifikansi 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa keju peram yang disukai panelis adalah keju peram pada suhu 15ºC selama 14 hari. Kondisi pemeraman berpengaruh terhadap nilai pH, kadar lemak,, kadar proteinn dan tidak berpengaruh pada kadar asam amino. Kualitas keju peram terbaik terdapat pada kondisi suhu 15°C selama 14 hari, memiliki nilai pH 4,40, kadar protein tertinggi yaitu sebesar 99,78%, dan kadar lemak sebesar 35,02%. Hasil identifikasi mikroba pada keju mentah dan keju peram meliputi Enterococcus hirae (Enterococcus faecalis, Bacillus subtilis, dan Aspergillus sp.

  14. PENDIDIKAN TEKHNOHUMANISTIK BERBASIS CORE ETHICAL VALUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akmal Mundiri

    2012-01-01

    . Oleh karenanya, pendidikan tekhnohumanistik sudah seharusnya mengembangkan core ethical values sebagai basis dari karakter kemanusiaan yang baik. Dasar pelaksanaan pendidikan teknohumanistik berawal dari prinsip-prinsip filosofi, yang secara obyektif menganggap bahwa nilai-nilai etika yang murni atau inti, seperti kepedulian, kejujuran, keterbukaan, tanggung jawab, dan rasa hormat pada diri sendiri dan orang lain adalah sebagai basis daripada karakter yang baik, yang mendasari penguasaan sain dan teknologi yang makin kompleks.

  15. Penyelesaian Tindak Pidana Lalu Lintas Melalui Pendekatan Restorative Justice sebagai Dasar Penghentian Penyidikan dan Perwujudan Asas Keadilan dalam Penjatuhan Putusan

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    Nella Sumika Putri

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Penyelesaian tindak pidana kecelakaan lalu lintas di Indonesia dapat diselesaikan melalui sistem peradilan pidana,namun pada umumnya pelaku mengadakan proses perdamaian di luar pengadilan dengan keluarga korban sehingga terjadi kesepakatan perdamaian antara para pihak. Model perdamaian tersebut dikenal dengan model pendekatan restorative justice yang sampai saat ini belum diakomodir dalam peraturan perundang-undangan sehingga aparat penegak hukum menjadi ragu untuk menjadikan kesepakatan perdamaian sebagai pertimbangan untuk menghentikan atau melanjutkan penyidikan. Putusan pengadilan juga belum menempatkan perdamaian antara para pihak sebagai dasar untuk melepaskan pelaku. Mekanisme ini hanya terbatas sebagai pertimbangan untuk meringankan pidana kepada terdakwa. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, upaya pendekatan restorative justice dalam perkara kecelakaan lalu lintas lebih memberikan rasa keadilan baik bagi pelaku maupun korban. Akan tetapi, pelaksanaan penghentian penyidikan karena telah dilakukan pendekatan restorative justice dalam tindak pidana kecelakaan lalu lintas tidak dapat dilakukan secara absolut karena terdapat beberapa kriteria yang harus dijadikan patokan dalam pengambilan keputusan mengenai penyidikan. Abstract Traffic accident crime is resolved by the criminal court. Mostly, however, the perpetrators hold a peace process outside the court with the victims and their families in the model of an agreement among them. This model is known as the restorative justice model. There is no specific legislation on restorative justice as an alternative approach to adjudicate traffic accident, which makes it difficult for the law enforcer to consider restorative justice as a basis to continue or discontinue an investigation. Furthermore, there is no court regulation justifying the use of restorative justice approach as a groundwork to release the perpetrators. This thesis finds that restorative justice approach is more equitable in solving

  16. Museum Ullen Sentalu dalam Perspektif Seni Budaya

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    Doro Daniwati

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Museum merupakan tempat yang sering tidak bisa dilewatkan oleh wisatawan guna memuaskan rasa ingin tahu tentang keunikan dari sebuah kota tujuan wisata. Museum juga sering dikunjungi oleh baik para ilmuwan maupun para akademisi yang melakukan studi/riset/kajian tentang hal-hal yang memiliki nilai-nilai keunikan historis, arkeologis, estetis dan termasuk semua hal yang bernuansa memorabilia dan nostalgia. Ullen Sentalu merupakan museum yang agak unik karena di samping lokasinya yang agak jauh dari hingar bingar kesibukan kota, namun keberadaannya merupakan kebutuhan seni budaya perkotaan. Keunikan dari museum ini terletak pada nilai koleksi artefak-artefaknya yang menghadirkan khusus tentang benda-benda kewanitaan yang bernuansa warisan budaya monarki Mataram Lama yang berbeda dengan koleksi museum lainnya di tanah air.   Museum is a place where tourists are unable to easily neglect for satisfying their curiousity about the uniqueness found in the tourism destination cities.The museum is also commonly visited by artists, academicians, and scientists for their research and studies of variety subjects which discuss the values of historical, archeological, and aesthetic uniqueness, and any subjects that are concerned with those of memorabilia and nostalgic evidence. Ullen Sentalu museum is rather unique when we see the location in the ’remote’ area which is far from the frenetic bustle of the city yet its existence constitutes the needs of urban culture. The uniqueness of this museum lies on the value of artefacts collections which particularly bring the feminine objects nuenced the cultural heritage of the Old Mataram monarchy which are completely different from other museum collections in the country.

  17. STUDI EFEKTIVITAS PEMBELAJARAN PAUD BERBASIS TEMATIK SEBUAH STUDI KASUS DI PAUD SEATAP MARGALUYU KECAMATAN CIPATAT KABUPATEN BANDUNG BARAT

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    Kosim Sirodjuddin

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Sesuai dengan amanat UU No. 20 tahun 2003 tentang Sisdiknas Pasal 26 ayat 3 dinyatakan bahwa pendidikan non-formal meliputi pendidikan kecakapan hidup, pendidikan anak usia dini, pendidikan kepemudaan, pendidikan pemberdayaan perempuan, pendidikan keaksaraan, pendidikan keterampilan dan pelatihan kerja, pendidikan kesetaraan, serta pendidikan lain yang ditujukan untuk mengembangkan kemampuan peserta didik. Sebagai salah satu lembaga PAUD yang dibangun di lingkungan SDN Margaluyu Kecamatan Cipatat Kabupaten Bandung Barat, PAUD Seatap Margaluyu merupakan bagian yang tidak terpisahkan dari nuansa pendidikan di sekolah tersebut terkait dengan persiapan peserta didik menuju pendidikan dasar. Pengembangan pola pembelajaran berbasis tematik yang dibahas dalam kajian ini adalah sebagai salah satu upaya dalam mengembangkan pembelajaran PAUD Seatap Margaluyu yang selama ini cenderung menggunakan pola pembelajaran konvensional, di mana peserta didik lebih berperan sebagai objek pembelajaran ketimbang subjek pembelajaran. Pembelajaran tematik pada dasarnya adalah model pembelajaran terpadu yang menggunakan tema untuk mengaitkan beberapa mata pelajaran sehingga dapat memberikan pengalaman bermakna kepada siswa. (Depdiknas, 2006: 5. Sementara Trianto memaknai Pembelajaran Tematik sebagai pembelajaran yang dirancang berdasarkan tema-tema tertentu. Dalam pembahasannya tema itu ditinjau dari berbagai mata pelajaran. Pembelajaran Tematik menyediakan keluasan dan kedalaman implementasi kurikulum, menawarkan kesempatan yang sangat banyak pada siswa/ peserta didik untuk memunculkan dinamika dalam pendidikan. Unit yang tematik adalah epitome dari seluruh bahasa pembelajaran yang memfasilitasi siswa untuk secara produktif menjawab pertanyaan yang dimunculkan sendiri dan memuaskan rasa ingin tahu dengan penghayatan secara alamiah tentang dunia di sekitar mereka. (2009: 78. Untuk itulah dapat kami simpulkan bahwa studi kasus tentang penggunaan pola pembelajaran tematik

  18. Aesthetics of the Classical Period of the Islamic Mughal Empire in India through a Portrait of Abū al-Fath Jalāl al-Dīn Muhammad Akbar

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    Nina PETEK

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The reign of Abū al-Fath Jalāl al-Dīn Muhammad Akbar (1556–1605 was a fruitful period of the political, cultural and spiritual synthesis of Persian, Indian, and European tradition, as well as an artistic and aesthetic renaissance. This cosmopolitan, universal and charismatic ruler strived for the external, political, material and spiritual well-being of his colourful empire. In search of a balance between the external and internal, and in his endeavours for the unification and uniformity of India he gradually created a completely new style of Mughal arts, which is a stunning reflection of his personality’s transformations, principles, insights, interests, and spiritual growth. The paper focuses on a psychological portrait of the ruler, who dictated aesthetics and the style of the classical period of Mughal arts which consists of the three basic developmental phases of Akbar’s enigmatic character. The thesis on the parallel development of Akbar’s personality and Mughal arts is supported by research on the influence of certain European and Persian aesthetic elements, and mainly on the influence of Indian philosophical-religious tradition (the doctrines on rasa, bhakti, yoga, and tantra. The early period of Mughal arts, with predominantly realistic elements, coincides with the ruler’s dynamic, youthful enthusiasm and immense curiosity to acquaint himself the most varied aspects of external events and appearances. The second, the mature period, which enriches this earlier realism by means of mystical elements and the symbolism of Indian pre-Mughal painting, is marked by the shift into the interior and by searching for the harmony between the material and spiritual. In the late period of Mughal painting, however, reflexive and lyrical works prevail, which are a reflection of completion of Akbar’s spiritual quests, and the unique project of multifaceted synthesis that he undertook and promoted.

  19. A computer-controlled system for rapid soil analysis of 226Ra

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Doane, R.W.; Berven, B.A.; Blair, M.S.

    1984-01-01

    A computer-controlled multichannel analysis system has been developed by the Radiological Survey Activities (RASA) Group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the Department of Energy (DOE) in support of the DOE's remedial action programs. The purpose of this system is to provide a rapid estimate of the 226 Ra concentration in soil samples using a 6 x 9 inch NaI(T1) crystal containing a 3.25 inch deep by 3.5 inch diameter well. This gamma detection system is controlled by a minicomputer with a dual floppy disk storage medium, line printer, and optional X-Y plotter. A two-chip interface was also designed at ORNL which handles all control signals generated from the computer keyboard. These computer-generated control signals are processed in machine language for rapid data transfer and BASIC language is used for data processing. The computer system is a Commodore Business Machines (CBM) Model 8032 personal computer with CBM peripherals. Control and data signals are utilized via the parallel user's port to the interface unit. The analog-to-digital converter (ADC) is controlled in machine language, bootstrapped to high memory, and is addressed through the BASIC program. The BASIC program is designed to be ''user friendly'' and provides the operator with several modes of operation such as background and analysis acquisition. Any number of energy regions-of-interest (ROI) may be analyzed with automatic background substraction. Also employed in the BASIC program are the 226 Ra algorithms which utilize linear and polynomial regression equations for data conversion and look-up tables for radon equilibrating coefficients. The optional X-Y plotter may be used with two- or three-dimensional curve programs to enhance data analysis and presentation. A description of the system is presented and typical applications are discussed

  20. PENGEMBANGAN DESA WISATA RUMAH DOME BERBASIS AGROINDUSTRI PANGAN LOKAL (Kajian Diversifikasi Ketela Pohon di Desa Wisata Rumah Dome Prambanan

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    Susi Wuri Ani

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Pangan merupakan kebutuhan utama dalam kehidupan manusia. Pemenuhan kebutuhan pangan baik dari segi jumlah, mutu, gizi maupun keamanan berkaitan dengan Sumberdaya Manusia (SDM. Kualitas konsumsi pangan dan gizi masyarakat menentukan SDM masyarakat tersebut. Agroindustri pangan lokal merupakan kegiatan yang memberdayakan sumberdaya lokal (indigenous resources. Seluruh potensi lokal dimanfaatkan untuk menguatkan agroindustri pangan lokal. Penduduk di kawasan wisata Rumah Dome belum mampu mengolah bahan pangan lokal. Kegiatan ini bertujuan membentuk kelompok usaha produktif Ibu-Ibu PKK di Rumah Dome untuk dapat meningkatkan nilai ekonomis pangan lokal (ketela pohon. Hal yang dilakukan adalah memberikan pelatihan pengolahan ketela pohon menjadi ceriping singkong berbagai rasa, keripik belut daun singkong, membuat brownies berbahan tepung ketela, mengemas produk dengan brand Rumah Dome dan memberikan pelatihan pembukuan sederhana. Dengan kegiatan ini diharapkan akan tumbuh kelompok usaha produktif sehingga dapat mengangkat citra wisata Rumah Dome dan meningkatkan pendapatan masyarakat di Rumah Dome. Abstract Food is a major necessity in human life. Food needs are important for human resource (HR both in terms of quantity and quality. Quality of food consumption and nutrition communities determine the HR community. Local food agroindustry is an activity that empowers local resources (indigenous resources. The whole potential of local food used to strengthen local agroindustry. Residents in the tourist area of Dome House have not been able to process local food. This activity aims to establish productive business of woman group (PKK in Dome House to increase the economic value of local food (cassava. The activities are training for production process, packaging with Dome House’s brand and simple accounting management. The cassava processing training are: (1 making variety flavors of cassava chips; (2 producing eel chips from cassava leaves and (3

  1. KETIDAKADILAN GENDER DALAM PEMBANGUNAN PERTANIAN : STUDI PANDANGAN POLITIK PEREMPUAN ANGGOTA LEGISLATIF DI KABUPATEN KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farida Yuliani

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini ingin mengidentifikasi bentuk-bentuk kesenjangan gender dalam pembangunan pertaniandi Kabupaten Kudus serta seberapa jauh pandangan politik perempaun anggota legislatif di Kudus menjangkau pembangunan di bidang pertanian. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan studi kasusdan fenomenologis. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa dalam pengambil keputusan, tidak ada kebijakankhusus untuk perempuan, tetapi arah kebijakan menujukesetaraan gender di mana perempuan sudah mulai terlibat aktif dalam gabungan kelompok tani tetapijumlah perempuan yang diakses teknologi baru ataumodal pertanian dari pemerintah dan wanita yangmengelola pertanian, masih kurang dari laki-laki. Dalammenyikapi hal ini legislator perempuan menyatakan perlunya pendidikan khusus sesuai dengan potensi petani lingkungan perempuan, sehingga mereka memiliki rasa kepercayaan diri dan mendapatkan posisi tawar yanglebih baik. Kata kunci: Perempuan legislator; kesenjangan gender;pertanian   This article investigates the women legislator facing  gender gap in faming developmen in Kudus Central Java. This reasearch used a case study and phenomenological approach. The congclution of this article are women farm workers are always behind the men in terms oftecnological access. In the level of decicion maker, thereis no specific policy for women, but the policy directionis towards the gender equality where women have startedto be involved actively in the Joint Group of Farmers butthe number of women that accessed new technologiesor farming capital from government and women whomanage agricultural, still less than male. In addressingthis matter of women legislators expressed the needfor special education in accordance with the potentialof neighborhood women farmers, empowering womenthrough cooperatives and recitation, and revitalize thePKK as a means of distributing information, so they havemore capability, resulting sense of confidence and gain a better bargaining position. Keywords

  2. PA01.34. Catagorical interpretation in Microsoft excel of jangam dravya database from Bruhat-Trayi & Laghu-Trayi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saraf, Abhijeet

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Not a single drug in Ayurveda has been termed as non-medicinal. This means every Dravya has medicinal value in this world. Jangam dravya is an animal sourced medicine. In samhita Jangam Dravya are described first. So as per Krama Varnan Vichar, Jangam Dravyas are significant in this type. In Ayurvedic literature there is more literature on Audbhid & Parthiva Dravyas. I Total available nighantu: more than 25. Total available Rasa Grantha: about 145. There is no one Grantha on Jangam Dravya which describes their whole information. Jangam Dravyas are described in Ayurvedic literature in different views and in different branches. Gross description is available in Samhitas. But they aren’t in format. They are not compiled according to their Guna Karma, Upayogitwa, Vyadhiharatwa, and Kalpa etc. Their use in Chikitsa is minimal as their ready references are not available, though very much effective. So due to sheer need of compilation of these references this topic was selected for study. The basic need for study of Jangam Dravya is to prepare its whole DATABASE. So through this study Database of Jangam Dravya can be available like Jangam Dravya. Method: Selection of topic this is a fundamental & literary study, Selection of material, Selection of Database software & font, Collection of data & preparation of Master Chart, Preparation of Database, Interpretation & summarization of data. Result: So in this paper, we are going to focus on literature availability of jangam dravya with the help of modern technique like Microsoft Excel. And also how we can prepare and use the categorical interpretation of jangam dravya with help of database Conclusion: Jangam Dravyas are described in Ayurvedic literature in different views and in different branches. Importances of these dravyas are the main key point of this study.

  3. The influence of hydrodynamics on the spatial and temporal variation of phytoplankton pigments in a large, sub-tropical coastal lake (Brazil

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    Luciana de Souza Cardoso

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the spatial and temporal distribution of phytoplankton pigments in Itapeva Lake and its relationship with hydrodynamic aspects. Regarding spatial distribution, a decreasing N®S gradient was generally observed for the pigments, except in summer. This inversion observed during the summer was influenced by the predominant fetch (N-E. The horizontal heterogeneity was proved (ANOVA for all seasons of the year, except spring. Spatially in spring, the vertical variance was much more significant (pEste estudo avalia a distribuição espaço-temporal dos pigmentos fitoplanctônicos na Lagoa Itapeva e sua relação com aspectos hidrodinâmicos. Com relação à distribuição espacial, geralmente um gradiente decrescente no sentido N®S foi observado para os pigmentos, com exceção do verão. Esta inversão observada durante o verão foi influenciada pelo fetch predominante (N-E. Excetuando a primavera, ficou comprovada a existência de heterogeneidade horizontal (ANOVA nas demais estações do ano. Espacialmente, na primavera a variância vertical foi muito mais significativa (p<0,05 que a horizontal. Os turnos de amostragem sempre exibiram um grau de variabilidade entre as estações do ano, mostrando a existência de um ciclo diurno com relação à concentração de clorofila a. Este comportamento esteve relacionado com o fetch principalmente dos quadrantes NE-SW, perturbando o sistema por ser uma lagoa rasa. Com isso, ficou constatada a influência do regime hidrodinâmico da Lagoa Itapeva na distribuição espaço-temporal dos pigmentos fitoplanctônicos.

  4. Hoof balance in Criollo horses utilized for roping in northern of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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    Stéfano Leite Dau

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O casco é um importante componente do aparelho locomotor dos equinos e sua má conformação pode acarretar uma série de patologias. O presente trabalho avaliou o equilíbrio podal externo e interno dos cascos dos membros torácicos de 58 equinos (34 machos e 24 fêmeas com idade média de 6,5 anos (variando entre 2,5 a 15 anos, da raça Crioula utilizados em provas de laço no norte do Rio Grande do Sul. Foram determinadas o comprimento médio de pinça, ângulo do casco comprimento de talão lateral e medial, ângulo palmar da terceira falange (P3, espessura da sola e distância média do ponto de quebra (DBO. Os valores mé- dios obtidos foram: comprimento médio de pinça de 9,21 ± 0,93 cm, ângulo do casco de 51,8 ± 3,5º, comprimento de talão lateral de 4,94 ± 1,5 cm medial de 4,95 ± 1,5 cm, ângulo da P3 4,95º ± 2,46 espessura de sola de 22,0 ± 5,98 mm e DBO de 33, 6 ± 7,48 mm. Os problemas de equilíbrio mais encontrados foram pinças longas (89,7%, DBO longo (67,2%, talões escorridos (48,3%, sola rasa (33,3%, assimetria entre o ângulo dos cascos contralaterais (27,6% e desequilíbrio médio-lateral (15,5%.

  5. Catalysis of GTP hydrolysis by small GTPases at atomic detail by integration of X-ray crystallography, experimental, and theoretical IR spectroscopy.

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    Rudack, Till; Jenrich, Sarah; Brucker, Sven; Vetter, Ingrid R; Gerwert, Klaus; Kötting, Carsten

    2015-10-02

    Small GTPases regulate key processes in cells. Malfunction of their GTPase reaction by mutations is involved in severe diseases. Here, we compare the GTPase reaction of the slower hydrolyzing GTPase Ran with Ras. By combination of time-resolved FTIR difference spectroscopy and QM/MM simulations we elucidate that the Mg(2+) coordination by the phosphate groups, which varies largely among the x-ray structures, is the same for Ran and Ras. A new x-ray structure of a Ran·RanBD1 complex with improved resolution confirmed this finding and revealed a general problem with the refinement of Mg(2+) in GTPases. The Mg(2+) coordination is not responsible for the much slower GTPase reaction of Ran. Instead, the location of the Tyr-39 side chain of Ran between the γ-phosphate and Gln-69 prevents the optimal positioning of the attacking water molecule by the Gln-69 relative to the γ-phosphate. This is confirmed in the RanY39A·RanBD1 crystal structure. The QM/MM simulations provide IR spectra of the catalytic center, which agree very nicely with the experimental ones. The combination of both methods can correlate spectra with structure at atomic detail. For example the FTIR difference spectra of RasA18T and RanT25A mutants show that spectral differences are mainly due to the hydrogen bond of Thr-25 to the α-phosphate in Ran. By integration of x-ray structure analysis, experimental, and theoretical IR spectroscopy the catalytic center of the x-ray structural models are further refined to sub-Å resolution, allowing an improved understanding of catalysis. © 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  6. Catalysis of GTP Hydrolysis by Small GTPases at Atomic Detail by Integration of X-ray Crystallography, Experimental, and Theoretical IR Spectroscopy*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudack, Till; Jenrich, Sarah; Brucker, Sven; Vetter, Ingrid R.; Gerwert, Klaus; Kötting, Carsten

    2015-01-01

    Small GTPases regulate key processes in cells. Malfunction of their GTPase reaction by mutations is involved in severe diseases. Here, we compare the GTPase reaction of the slower hydrolyzing GTPase Ran with Ras. By combination of time-resolved FTIR difference spectroscopy and QM/MM simulations we elucidate that the Mg2+ coordination by the phosphate groups, which varies largely among the x-ray structures, is the same for Ran and Ras. A new x-ray structure of a Ran·RanBD1 complex with improved resolution confirmed this finding and revealed a general problem with the refinement of Mg2+ in GTPases. The Mg2+ coordination is not responsible for the much slower GTPase reaction of Ran. Instead, the location of the Tyr-39 side chain of Ran between the γ-phosphate and Gln-69 prevents the optimal positioning of the attacking water molecule by the Gln-69 relative to the γ-phosphate. This is confirmed in the RanY39A·RanBD1 crystal structure. The QM/MM simulations provide IR spectra of the catalytic center, which agree very nicely with the experimental ones. The combination of both methods can correlate spectra with structure at atomic detail. For example the FTIR difference spectra of RasA18T and RanT25A mutants show that spectral differences are mainly due to the hydrogen bond of Thr-25 to the α-phosphate in Ran. By integration of x-ray structure analysis, experimental, and theoretical IR spectroscopy the catalytic center of the x-ray structural models are further refined to sub-Å resolution, allowing an improved understanding of catalysis. PMID:26272610

  7. PENGGUNAAN BAHAN PENGISI DALAM PERBAIKAN SIFAT FISIKOKIMIA DAN ORGANOLEPTIK DODOL BUAH MERAH (Pandanus conoideus L SEBAGAI SUMBER β-KAROTEN The Use of Filler on Enhancing Physicochemical and Organoleptic Properties of Redfruit Dodol as A Source of Β-Car

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    Murtiningrum Murtiningrum

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The main problem in preparation of redfruit dodol is the soft texture of dodol. In the research, preparation of red fruit dodol was done by adding different flours (wheat, rice and tapioca to the total weight of glutinous flour and redfruit paste, as much as 15 % by weight. The preferences of panelists and physicochemical properties tests were done on the redfruit dodol product. The result indicated that the best formulation was the red fruit dodol with tapioca. The panelist preference scores of colour, flavor, odor and texture of the best dodol formulation were fairly like (5.40, fairly like (5.05, like (6.05 and fairly like (5.70 respectively. The physical properties of dodol including hardness, sticky and elasticity level were 951.43 gf, 216.68 gf and 0.35 % respectively. The dodol contained moisture 37.86 %, total solid62.14 with water availibility (a 0.83 and β-carotene 1.02 ppm. ABSTRAK Permasalahan utama dalam pembuatan dodol buah merah, yaitu teksturnya lembek dan lunak. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan penambahan jenis tepung yang berbeda, yaitu tepung terigu, beras dan tapioka sebanyak 15 % (b/b dari berat tepung ketan dan pasta buah merah. Dodol yang dihasilkan dilakukan pengamatan sifat fisikokimia dan ting- kat penerimaan panelis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dodol formula terbaik berdasarkan sifat organoleptik dan fisikokimia adalah dodol dengan penambahan tapioka. Dodol tersebut memiliki sifat organoleptik dengan skor kesukaan warna agak suka (5,40, rasa agak suka (5,05, aroma suka (6,05 dan tekstur agak suka (5,70, sifat fisik kekerasan dan kelengketan masing-masing 951,43 dan 216,68 gf, serta kekenyalan 0,35 %,  juga memiliki sifat kimiadengan mengandung air dan total padatan masing-masing 37,86 % dan 62,14 % dengan tingkat ketersediaan air (a 0,83 dan kandungan β-karoten 1,02 ppm.

  8. Pengaruh Penambahan Jerami Nangka (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam Terhadap Karakteristik Fruit Leather Mangga (Mangifera indica L

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    Lisa Yusmita

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penganekaragaman pangan merupakan program kebijakan pemerintah dengan tujuan untuk terus mengembangkan pangan agar dapat memantapkan kemandirian dan penyediaan pangan dengan jenis yang beragam dan kualitas yang makin meningkat, jumlah yang memadai dan tersebar merata sehingga dapat memenuhi kebutuhan pangan dan gizi. Untuk mendukung penganekaragaman pangan tersebut maka diperlukan upaya untuk melakukan pengolahan produk-produk hasil pertanian. Buah-buahan merupakan salah satu produk hasil pertanian yang umumnya dibuat menjadi produk olahan seperti jam, jelly, puree, sari buah, buah kaleng, manisan kering atau basah. Salah satu jenis produk buah-buahan yang kering selain manisan adalah fruit leather. Fruit leather adalah jenis makanan yang berasal dari daging buah yang telah dihancurkan dan dikeringkan. Produk ini berbentuk lembaran tipis seperti halnya kulit buah dengan tekstur yang plastis dan kenyal, rasanya manis tetapi masih memiliki ciri rasa khas buah yang digunakan. Fruit leather juga termasuk produk makanan yang tidak mengandung zat pewarna sehingga cocok untuk dijadikan cemilan dan mempunyai aneka ragam bentuk dan warna. Pengolahan buah-buahan menjadi fruit leather merupakan salah satu upaya divesifikasi pangan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL dengan 5 perlakuan dan 3 kali ulangan. Data yang diperoleh dianalisa secara statistik dengan uji F, kemudian bila berpengaruh nyata dilanjutkan dengan uji DNMRT pada taraf nyata 5%. Penelitian ini telah dilakukan di Laboratorium Program Studi Teknologi Industri Pertanian Universitas Dharma Andalas dan Laboratorium Teknologi Hasil Pertanian Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Andalas. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan kesimpulan bahwa konsentrasi penambahan jerami nangka berpengaruh nyata terhadap kadar vitamin C dan kadar serat kasar. Sementara untuk pengujian kadar air, total asam dan kadar gula ternyata tidak dipengaruhi oleh konsentrasi penambahan

  9. Composição físico-química e valores energéticos dos resíduos de goiaba e tomate para frangos de corte de crescimento lento Physicochemical composition and energy and nutritional characteristics of guava and tomato residues for free range broilers

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    Edney Pereira da Silva

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se determinar a composição físico-química e o valor energético dos farelos de goiaba e de tomate para frangos de corte de crescimento lento. Analisou-se a composição químico-fisica e, em seguida, realizou-se ensaio de metabolismo utilizando-se 60 frangos da linhagem Caipirão, com 65 dias de idade, distribuídos ao acaso em três tratamentos e cinco repetições de quatro aves por unidade experimental. Os tratamentos consistiram de uma ração-referência e duas rações-teste, formuladas com 70% da ração-referência e 30% de farelo de goiaba ou tomate. O experimento teve duração de dez dias, cinco para adaptação das aves às rações e cinco para coleta total das excretas. A composição químico-física dos farelos de tomate e de goiaba (na matéria natural foi: 90,81 e 91,96% de matéria seca (MS; 10,09 e 21,74% de proteína bruta (PB; 11,71 e 12,01% de extrato etéreo (EE; 1,25 e 4,76% de matéria mineral (MM; 55,62 e 43,66% de fibra bruta (FB; 64,06 e 51,53% de fibra em detergente neutro (FDN; 57,38 e 42,22% de fibra em detergente ácido (FDA; 6,67 e 9,32% de hemicelulose; 4.290 e 4.368 kcal/kg de energia bruta (EB, 576,32 e 201,90 g/L de densidade; e 1.271,56 e 1.092,66 µm de diâmetro geométrico médio, respectivamente. Para os aminoácidos, os valores encontrados foram: 0,17 e 0,33% de metionina; 0,32 e 0,30% de cistina; 0,16 e 1,12% de lisina; 0,23 e 0,75% de treonina; 1,47 e 1,57% de arginina; 0,32 e 0,78% de isoleucina; 0,71 e 1,27% de leucina; 0,39 e 0,90% de valina; 0,25 e 0,43% de histidina; 0,44 e 0,93% de fenilalanina; 0,85 e 1,08% de glicina; 0,42 e 0,99% de serina; 0,30 e 1,05% de prolina; 0,35 e 0,945 de alanina; 0,97 e 2,19% de ácido aspartico; 1,91 e 3,105 de ácido glutâmico, respectivamente. Os valores de energia metabolizável aparente corrigida, com base na matéria natural, foram 1.436 e 1.969 kcal/kg, respectivamente.The objective of this work was to determine the physicochemical composition

  10. The effect of nitrogen and sulphur fertilization on yield and quality of kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea, L. Efeito da adubagem com o nitrogénio e enxofre ao rédito e à qualidade das couves-rábanos (Brassica oleracea, L.

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    Tomáš Losák

    2008-04-01

    ,6 kg de N e S para se obter os teores no solo de: 25 (teor natural, 35, ou 45 mg kg-1. Foram avaliadas a produção e o teor de N, S e NO3- nas raízes e nas folhas e as alterações no teor de aminoácidos nas raízes. A produção de raízes do couve-rábano não afetada pela adubação com S. O teor de N nas raízes e nas folhas variou de 1,42-1,48 % e de 1,21-1,35 % de N, respectivamente, não sofrendo efeito significativo da adubação com S. O teor de S nas raízes oscilou entre 0,59-0,64 % de S. A aplicação de S influenciou positivamente o seu teor no tecido foliar, que apresentou estreita relação com os teores do nutriente no solo, chegando a 0,50; 0,58 e a 0,76 % de S, respectivamente, para os três teores testados. O teor de NO3- foi maior nas raízes do que nas folhas. O aumento das doses de S reduziu o teor de NO3- nas raízes, em 42,2 a 53,6 %, e nas folhas em 8,8 a 21,7 %. O aumento do teor de S no solo reduziu o teor de cisteína + metionina em valores que variaram de 16 a 28 %, mas não afetou os teores de valina, tirosina, ácido aspártico e serina. Com a variação dos teores de S entre 25 e 45 mg kg-1 , houve decréscimo de treonina, isoleucina, leucina, arginina, e a soma de amino ácidos esenciais e alanina na faixa de 37 a 9 %. O teor de histidina aumentou com a elevação do teor de S no solo. A adubação do couve-rábano com S é recomendada sobre tudo para a estabilização da produção e para a redução dos teores de NO3-, cuja presença em alimentos é indesejada.

  11. Fisiopatología de la drepanocitosis Physiopathologic features of drepanocytemia

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    Eva Svarch

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available La hemoglobina (Hb S es la consecuencia de una mutación puntual en la posición 6 de la cadena ß de la globina que resulta en la sustitución del ácido glutámico por la valina. La HbS polimeriza en condiciones de baja tensión de oxígeno y deforma al hematíe. El hematíe con Hb polimerizada tiene una sobrevida acortada y ocluye la microcirculación, lo que da lugar a la anemia hemolítica crónica y a las crisis vasooclusivas dolorosas que marcan en gran medida el cuadro clínico de la enfermedad. La oclusión vascular es un proceso complejo debido fundamentalmente a la prolongación del tiempo de tránsito de los hematíes a través de la microcirculación y/o a la disminución del tiempo de demora de polimerización de la HbS. En la actualidad se considera a la oclusión en la microcirculación como una forma de injuria de reperfusión en la que el estrés oxidativo y la inflamación llevan al daño crónico de los órganos. Los leucocitos y factores de la coagulación participan en el proceso. La anemia hemolítica contribuye a la oclusión vascular porque el aumento de reticulocitos, con más moléculas de adhesión en su superficie que las células maduras, determina su mayor adhesión al endotelio y porque la Hb libre en plasma consume óxido nítrico. El óxido nítrico actúa en diferentes formas, una de las más importantes es que desvía el balance normal entre vasodilatación-vasoconstricción hacia la vasoconstricción. Como consecuencia de estos hechos se describe un subfenotipo caracterizado por hipertensión pulmonar, accidente vascular encefálico, priapismo y úlcera maleolar. Existen factores genéticos que influyen en la severidad del cuadro clínico como la mutación 158 C-T en el gen de la globina g y la a talasemia. La primera aumenta la HbF y la segunda disminuye la CHCM, el número de células densas y la intensidad de la hemólisis. Sin embargo, la relación entre a talasemia y la severidad de la enfermedad no es

  12. Níveis de lisina digestível em rações, utilizando-se o conceito de proteína ideal, para suínos machos castrados de alto potencial genético dos 15 aos 30 kg Dietary digestible lysine levels, using the ideal protein concept, for barrows with high genetic potential from 15 to 30 kg

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    Márvio Lobão Teixeira de Abreu

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Foram utilizados 40 leitões machos castrados, de alto potencial genético para deposição de carne magra na carcaça, com pesos inicial e final de 15,76 + 0,93 e 30,23 + 1,56 kg, respectivamente, para avaliar o efeito de níveis de lisina digestível, utilizando-se o conceito de proteína ideal, sobre o desempenho e a composição da carcaça. Os tratamentos corresponderam a uma ração basal com 19,46% de PB e 3.280 kcal de EM/kg, suplementada com L-lisina HCl, resultando em rações com 0,90; 1,.00; 1,10 e 1,20% de lisina digestível. As rações foram suplementadas com níveis crescentes de aminoácidos sintéticos, resultando em rações com relações constantes entre metionina + cistina, treonina, triptofano e valina com a lisina (60, 60, 19 e 69%, respectivamente, com base na digestibilidade verdadeira. Não se observou efeito dos tratamentos sobre o consumo diário de ração, a concentração de uréia no plasma e as porcentagens de água, proteína e gordura na carcaça dos animais. Houve efeito quadrático dos níveis de lisina digestível sobre o ganho de peso diário, que aumentou até o nível estimado de 1,10% de lisina na ração, e a conversão alimentar, que melhorou até o nível estimado de 1,12%. Houve efeito dos tratamentos sobre o consumo diário de lisina, que aumentou de forma linear. As deposições de proteína e gordura na carcaça foram influenciadas de forma quadrática, aumentando até os níveis estimados de 1,12 e 1,08% de lisina digestível, respectivamente. O nível de 1,12% de lisina digestível foi o que proporcionou os melhores resultados de desempenho e de características de carcaça de suínos machos castrados de alto potencial genético na fase de 15 a 30 kg, o que correspondeu a um consumo de lisina digestível de 12,03 g/dia (3,42 g de Lis/Mcal de EM.Fourty barrows with high genetic potential for lean gain averaging initial and final body weights of 15.76 + 0.93 kg and 30.23 + 1.56 kg, respectively

  13. BIMBINGAN SPIRITUAL BERBASIS NILAI-NILAI BUDAYA

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    Asep Solikin

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study departed from the need of guidance of the Pantura society who experiences an alienation and a loss of meaning in the personal and social lives due to the absence of a relevant strategy to protect their lives. The people who were unable to get counsel were those who ultimately needed a spiritual counselors who could give direction to the emptiness of life they experienced. This study is aimed at finding the strategic formulation of the spiritual guidance based on the cultural values of the Hindu Buddhist Dayak Tribes of Bumi Segandhu Indramayu consisting of guidance of pepe, kungkum , blegir, and ngaji rasa which were relevant to develop a dimension of sense of the religiosity on the meaningfulness of life and diversity of their members. Accordingly, with the Bumi Segandhu spiritual guidance strategy, every individual could achieve an optimal development and achievement of self-actualization in the middle of the community after attending a spiritual guidance in this community. Bumi Segandhu spiritual guidance was the guidance strategy to develop the dimensions of religiosity of the Hindu Buddhist Dayak community of Bumi Segandhu Indramayu. Their participation in spiritual guidance was expected to provide an understanding, appreciation and practice of the meaningful lives after returning to their community.الملخص: كانت خلفية هذا البحث حاجات المجتمع في السواحل الشمالية (Pantura إلى التوجيهات والتوعيات الدينية، وهم عاشوا منعزلين وضاع عنهم معنى الحياة الفردية والحياة الاجتماعية. وهذا لعدم الاستراتيجية المناسبة للمحافظة على حياتهم. احتاج هذا المجتمع الضعيف دينيا إلى التوعيات الدينية لتوجيه حياتهم إلى ما هو أفضل. يهدف هذا البحث إلى الحصول على خطوات

  14. TEACHING DESIGN AT THE LIMITS OF ARCHITECTURE

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    Nikos A. Salingaros

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Pre-industrial architects inherently knew the effectual dimension of design through its materiality, detail, and form. Until now, the intellectual dichotomy of human thinking held that mind and body were separate entities, drawing a distinction between reasoned thought and feeling. The early Greek philosophers distinguished between these two realms. Theories on beauty, the human aesthetic impulse, and design were divided along the objective and subjective lines for centuries. In more current architectural terms, the objective dimension of industry gave structure and perceived virtue to the modernist paradigm, while at the same time clearing the way (tabula rasa for the rampant subjectivity we now see in the idiosyncratic expressions of so many contemporary architects. By revealing the relationship between our physical and mental processes, neuroscience re-situates the debate on physical reality well outside the intellectual enterprise of aesthetically driven design. Clear measures can now be evidenced, documented, and applied to establish a new, more effective, and humanly engaging way to build. This new architecture draws upon those mechanisms of neuro-connectivity that help us to feel safe and secure.   From this knowledge we have developed a new model for building/rebuilding the world, called Intelligence-Based Design. Intelligence-Based Design is the purposeful manipulation of the built environment to engage humans in an essential manner through complex organized information. Intelligence-Based Theory evidences the direct neurological evaluations of surface, structure, pattern, texture, and form, etc., and maintains that our sense of well being is established through positive neuro-engagement with the physical world at the deepest level common to all people, i.e. “Innate Intelligence.” This paper describes a senior architectural design studio taught using the precepts of Intelligence-Based Design. We describe our methodology, and the

  15. Comparison between human and rat TMJ: anatomic and histopathologic features Comparação entre a ATM humana e de ratos: achados anatômicos e histopatológicos

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    Gabriela Granja Porto

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To describe and evaluate normal rat temporomandibular joints from anatomic and histopathologic point of view and make a comparison between this joint in rats and humans. METHODS: Twelve male adult Wistar rats (12 same side joints were used in this procedure. The following anatomical structures were histologically evaluated in a qualitative fashion: condyle, disc, temporal bone, retrodiscal tissue and synovia. The macroscopical and microscopic study of the human TMJ was based on the current literature. RESULTS: The TMJ is surrounded by a thin capsule, consisting of fibrous tissue, and a synovial lining. The mandibular angle has a prominent shape. The glenoid fossa is flat, with no eminences. Histologically, the TMJ is composed of different tissues that comprise the mandibular head, mandibular fossa and fibrocartilaginous disc. A layer of hyaline cartilage covers the articulating cortical condyle and temporal bone. CONCLUSION:Morphologically and histologically, the articular structure of rats is, on the whole, similar to that of humans. In these animals there is no articular eminence.OBJETIVO: Descrever e avaliar a articulação temporomandibular de ratos sob o aspecto anatômico e histológico e realizar uma comparação entre esta articulação e a de humanos. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados doze ratos adultos Wistar (12 articulações do mesmo lado. As seguintes estruturas anatômicas foram avaliadas de forma qualitativa: côndilo, disco, osso temporal, tecido retrodiscal e sinóvia. O estudo macroscópico e o microscópico da ATM humana foram baseados na literatura atual. RESULTADOS: A ATM é envolvida por uma fina cápsula, formada por tecido fibroso e cobertura sinovial. O ângulo mandibular é proeminente. A fossa glenoide é rasa, sem eminência articular. De acordo com os achados histológicos, a ATM é composta por diferentes tecidos, são eles a cabeça da mandíbula, a fossa mandibular e o disco fibrocartilaginoso. Uma camada de

  16. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN MONOSODIUM GLUTAMAT TERHADAP KADAR HORMON ESTRADIOL DAN KADAR HORMON PROGESTERON PADA TIKUS PUTIH BETINA (Rattus norvegicus

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    andri ani

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Perubahan pola demografi di negara maju dan negara berkembang, angka kejadian infertilitas di negara maju dilaporkan sekitar 5%-8% dan di negara berkembang sekitar 30%.WHO memperkirakan sekitar 8%-10% atau sekitar 50-80 juta pasangan suami istri di seluruh dunia mengalami masalah infertilitas, sehingga membuat infertilitas menjadi masalah mendesak. Untuk itu diperlukan pengendalian infertilitas, salah satunya adalah kewaspadaan perubahan gaya hidup, perubahan ini juga mempengaruhi pola konsumsi makanan dengan lebih banyak mengkonsumsi jenis makanan cepat saji yang banyak mengandung zat aditif (penyedap rasa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian monosodium glutamate terhadap kadar hormon estradiol dan kadar hormon progesteron pada tikus putih betina ( Rattus norvegicus .Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pendekatan post test only control group design, terhadap tikus putih betina dengan berat 200 – 250 gr. Sampel terdiri dari 24 ekor tikus yang dibagi 4 kelompok yaitu kelompok kontrol ( K , perlakuan I, II dan III . Kelompok perlakuan diberikan monosodium glutamat dengan dosis masing-masing : 45 mg, 54 mg dan 63 mg setiap hari diberikan peroral yang dilarutkan dengan aquabides 2 ml selama 20 hari yang dimulai pada awal fase proestrus. Setelah 20 hari perlakuan tikus di korbankan dan diambil darahnya. Pemeriksaan kadar hormone estradiol dan progesteron menggunakan Elisa Spectrophotometer.  Kemudian hasilnya dianalisa dengan menggunakan One Way ANOVA dan dilanjutkan dengan uji Multiple Comparison jenis Bonferroni.Hasil penelitian pemberian  monosodium glutamat dengan dosis 45 mg/ ekor/ hari, 54 mg/ekor/ hari dan 63 mg/ ekor /hari dapat menurunkan kadar hormon estradiol tikus putih betina (Rattus norvegicus secara signifikan. Dan pemberian monosodium glutamate dengan dosis 45 mg/ ekor/ hari dapat menurunkan kadar hormon progesteron tikus putih betina (Rattus norvegicus walaupun tidak berpengaruh secara signifikan , dan pada

  17. PROSES PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS METODE MONTESSORI DALAM MENGEMBANGKAN KETERAMPILAN SOSIAL ANAK USIA DINI (Penelitian Deskriptif Di PAUD Assya’idiyah Kab. Bandung Barat

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    Agus Sumitra

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Pada penelitian ini, penulis mengidentifikasi masalah sebagai berikut: 1. Perencanaan pembelajaran, pengembangan dan proses kegiatan pembelajaran belum mengacu betul terhadap tahap-tahap perkembangan anak, 2. Keterampilan sosial belum tertampilkan secara optimal mengingat sarana dan prasarana yang menunjang pengembangan keterampilan sosial belum memadai, 3. Pembelajaran anak usia dini masih terfokus pada peningkatan kemampuan akademik (hapalan dan calistung, 4. Rasa egois pada diri anak masih tinggi disebabkan cakrawala sosial anak terbatas dirumah, peserta didik seringkali memikirkan diri sendiri. Kemudian penulis merumuskan masalah sebagai berikut: Bagaimana proses pembelajaran metode montessori terhadap keterampilan sosial anak?Berdasarkan pada rumusan masalah di atas, tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam penelitian ini adalah : 1. Rencana pembelajaran dengan metode montessori dalam upaya meningkatkan keterampilan sosial anak usia dini dengan bermacam aktifitas di PAUD, 2. Pelaksanaan pembelajaran dengan menggunakan metode montessori dalam mengembangkan keterampilan sosial anak usia dini, 3. Evaluasi proses pembelajaran dengan menggunakan metode montessori untuk meningkatkan keterampilan sosiak anak usia dini, 4. Untuk mengembangkan keterampilan sosial anak yang tertampilkan sebagai hasil pembelajaran dengan menggunakan metode montessori pada anak usia dini.Metode yang digunakan oleh penulis dalam penelitian ini adalah metode penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif untuk mengetahui seberapa besar proses pembelajaran peserta didik dengan menggunakan metode montessori dalam mengembangkan keterampilan sosial anak. Data diperoleh dari hasil observasi, wawancara dan studi dokumentasi terhadap sumber data, objek penelitian yaitu PAUD Assya’idiyah, Kecamatan. Cipongkor, Kabupaten. Bandung Barat.Dari hasil penganalisisan data di peroleh sebagai berikut: 1. Perencanaan pembelajaran di PAUD Assya’idiyah sesuai dengan metode Montessori dimulai

  18. KEBUN RAYA BOTANI DENGAN SISTEM WTP (WATER TREATMENT PLAN DI MAKASSAR

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    Sri Innayah Wahid

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak—Pariwisata merupakan salah satu sumber devisa yang sangat potensial dan mempunyai andil besar dalam membangun perekonomian yang memiliki nilai jual menjadi objek yang menguntungkan bagi kemajuan Makassar. Tujuan wisata yang hanya ada di Makassar menciptakan rasa ingin tahu pengunjung untuk berkunjung.Pengunjung yang datang menginvestasikan akomodasi seluruh kegiatan wisata dengan pengusaha lokal setempat.Pengunjung domestik maupun asing juga menjadi sumber pendapatan bagi masyarakat yang tinggal di sekitar objek wisata. Laporan ini bertujuan untuk menata elemen-elemen fisik kawasan seperti tata guna lahan, bentuk dan massa bangunan, jalur pejalan kaki, sirkulasi dan parker signage atau penanda, serta fasilitas pendukung kedalam suatu kawasan kebun raya botani yang dibutuhkan untuk mencapai kenyamanan bagi para pengguna lahan dan menerapkan sistem WTP dalam bentuk desain yang bersifat berkelanjutan (sustainable.dan tujuan non arsitektural yang lain untuk merumuskan kegiatan rekayasa tumbuhan secara alami sehingga kebun raya botani dapat menjadi alternatif pusat pendidikan, mengelompokkan tanaman yang sesuai dengan iklim dan kondisi tapak kebun raya botani, untuk menentukan sistem kerja WTP dalam kebun raya botani yang dapat memenuhi kebutuhan tanaman. Hasil laporan ini berupa desain penataan kebun raya botani dengan sistem WTP (water Treatment Plan di Makassar Kata Kunci :kebun raya botani, WTP Abstract- Tourism is one potential source of foreign exchange and have a larger share in building an economy that has a sale value into an object that is beneficial to the progress of Makassar. Tourist destinations that exist only in Makassar creates curiosity of visitors to visit. Visitors who come to invest accommodation all over the local tourism activities with local entrepreneurs. Domestic and foreign visitors are also a source of income for the people who live around the attraction. This report aims to restructure the physical elements

  19. Strategi Peningkatan Brand Loyalty dan Customer Satisfaction Bisnis Yogurt di Indonesia (Studi Kasus: PT Yummy Food Utama

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    Indana Saramita Rachman

    2017-05-01

    produk adalah pemahaman manfaat mengkonsumsi yogurt, brand loyalty dan kualitas produk. Sedangkan dari hasil analisis PESTEL dan Porter’s Five Forces menunjukkan strategi yang harus dilakukan oleh PT Yummy Food Utama dalam meningkatkan brand loyalty dan customer satisfaction antara lain: mempertahankan dan menjaga kualitas produk, mengedukasi masyarakat dan menyampaikan manfaat akan pentingnya mengkonsumsi yogurt, meningkatkan popularitas produk melalui media promosi elektronik (iklan di televisi, membangun komunikasi dengan konsumen, membuka hotline gratis “24 jam 7 hari” dan memperbanyak varian rasa produk.Kata kunci: yogurt, faktor kunci keberhasilan, brand loyalty, customer satisfaction, PESTEL, Porter’s five forces.

  20. EFECTO DEL RALEO SOBRE EL CRECIMIENTO Y LA DENSIDAD DE LA MADERA DE Pinus taeda IMPLANTADO EN MISIONES, ARGENTINA

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    Rodolfo Martiarena

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509815746El mayor incremento en crecimiento de la plantación puede causar variación en las propiedades físicas de la madera, pudiendo disminuir la calidad de la misma para la industria. El objetivo del presente trabajo es evaluar el efecto de los tratamientos de raleo sobre el crecimiento y densidad de la madera de Pinus taeda implantado en Misiones, Argentina (25º 59’S - 54º24’O. La plantación se estableció en 1985 con densidad inicial de 1644 pl.ha-1y se manejó con tres intensidades de raleo (0, 33 y 66 % del área basal del testigo sin ralear, bajo un diseño de bloques completos al azar (3 bloques. A los 20 años se efectuó tala rasa, cuyas densidades eran 711 (0 %, 364 (33 % y 122 (66 % plantas por hectárea, momento en el cual se seleccionaron 45 árboles para determinar la densidad básica de la madera. La misma se determinó a través de la realización de 2.700 probetas. El crecimiento de la plantación fue afectado por la intensidad de raleo, registrando diámetros promedio de 28,7, 34,8 y 45,9 cm, respectivamente, en los tratamientos 0, 33 y 66 % de raleo. El volumen de la plantación, al momento del apeo, fue superior en el tratamiento sin raleo, no obstante el tratamiento 66 % de raleo generó mayor cantidad de madera de grandes dimensiones. La densidad básica como promedio simple y ponderado por volumen no presentó diferencias significativas entre tratamientos. Los valores de densidad ponderada fueron de 0,406, 0,418 y 0,420 g.cm-3 para los tratamientos 0, 33 y 66 % de raleo, respectivamente, mientras que el análisis de correlación entre diámetro y densidad no fue significativo. El estudio mostró que la intensidad de raleo puede ser manejada para maximizar la producción, manteniendo idéntica la calidad de la madera para la industria.

  1. EFECTO DEL RALEO SOBRE EL CRECIMIENTO Y LA DENSIDAD DE LA MADERA DE Pinus taeda IMPLANTADO EN MISIONES, ARGENTINA

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    Rodolfo Martiarena

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El mayor incremento en crecimiento de la plantación puede causar variación en las propiedades físicas de la madera, pudiendo disminuir la calidad de la misma para la industria. El objetivo del presente trabajo es evaluar el efecto de los tratamientos de raleo sobre el crecimiento y densidad de la madera de Pinus taeda implantado en Misiones, Argentina (25º 59’S - 54º24’O. La plantación se estableció en 1985 con densidad inicial de 1644 pl.ha -1 y se manejó con tres intensidades de raleo (0, 33 y 66 % del área basal del testigo sin ralear, bajo un diseño de bloques completos al azar (3 bloques. A los 20 años se efectuó tala rasa, cuyas densidades eran 711 (0 %, 364 (33 % y 122 (66 % plantas por hectárea, momento en el cual se seleccionaron 45 árboles para determinar la densidad básica de la madera. La misma se determinó a través de la realización de 2.700 probetas. El crecimiento de la plantación fue afectado por la intensidad de raleo, registrando diámetros promedio de 28,7, 34,8 y 45,9 cm, respectivamente, en los tratamientos 0, 33 y 66 % de raleo. El volumen de la plantación, al momento del apeo, fue superior en el tratamiento sin raleo, no obstante el tratamiento 66 % de raleo generó mayor cantidad de madera de grandes dimensiones. La densidad básica como promedio simple y ponderado por volumen no presentó diferencias significativas entre tratamientos. Los valores de densidad ponderada fueron de 0,406, 0,418 y 0,420 g.cm -3 para los tratamientos 0, 33 y 66 % de raleo, respectivamente, mientras que el análisis de correlación entre diámetro y densidad no fue significativo. El estudio mostró que la intensidad de raleo puede ser manejada para maximizar la producción, manteniendo idéntica la calidad de la madera para la industria.

  2. Clinical application of genomic profiling to find druggable targets for adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients with metastasis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cha, Soojin; Lee, Jeongeun; Shin, Jong-Yeon; Kim, Ji-Yeon; Sim, Sung Hoon; Keam, Bhumsuk; Kim, Tae Min; Kim, Dong-Wan; Heo, Dae Seog; Lee, Se-Hoon; Kim, Jong-Il

    2016-01-01

    Although adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancers are characterized by biological features and clinical outcomes distinct from those of other age groups, the molecular profile of AYA cancers has not been well defined. In this study, we analyzed cancer genomes from rare types of metastatic AYA cancers to identify driving and/or druggable genetic alterations. Prospectively collected AYA tumor samples from seven different patients were analyzed using three different genomics platforms (whole-exome sequencing, whole-transcriptome sequencing or OncoScan™). Using well-known bioinformatics tools (bwa, Picard, GATK, MuTect, and Somatic Indel Detector) and our annotation approach with open access databases (DAVID and DGIdb), we processed sequencing data and identified driving genetic alterations and their druggability. The mutation frequencies of AYA cancers were lower than those of other adult cancers (median = 0.56), except for a germ cell tumor with hypermutation. We identified patient-specific genetic alterations in candidate driving genes: RASA2 and NF1 (prostate cancer), TP53 and CDKN2C (olfactory neuroblastoma), FAT1, NOTCH1, and SMAD4 (head and neck cancer), KRAS (urachal carcinoma), EML4-ALK (lung cancer), and MDM2 and PTEN (liposarcoma). We then suggested potential drugs for each patient according to his or her altered genes and related pathways. By comparing candidate driving genes between AYA cancers and those from all age groups for the same type of cancer, we identified different driving genes in prostate cancer and a germ cell tumor in AYAs compared with all age groups, whereas three common alterations (TP53, FAT1, and NOTCH1) in head and neck cancer were identified in both groups. We identified the patient-specific genetic alterations and druggability of seven rare types of AYA cancers using three genomics platforms. Additionally, genetic alterations in cancers from AYA and those from all age groups varied by cancer type. The online version of this article

  3. MASALAH MOTIVASI BELAJAR SISWA SD PADA IPS

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    Erlisnawati Erlisnawati

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Masalah Motivasi Siswa SD pada ilmu pengetahuan Sosial. Motivasi adalah hal yang sangat penting yang mempengaruhi kegiatan / pekerjaan yang dilakukan oleh individu, termasuk yang mempengaruhi siswa dalam kegiatan belajar. Motivasi adalah salah satu elemen yang paling penting dalam pengajaran yang efektif. Pembelajaran diikuti oleh siswa yang termotivasi untuk menjadi benar-benar menyenangkan, terutama untuk guru. Siswa termotivasi untuk belajar sesuatu akan menggunakan proses kognitif yang lebih tinggi belajar dan menyerap dan mengingat lebih dari itu. Motivasi sebagai proses internal yang memungkinkan, membimbing dan mempertahankan perilaku dari waktu ke waktu. Ada beberapa teori motivasi yaitu: teori perilaku, teori kebutuhan, teori atribusi, teori belajar mandiri dan teori harapan. Motivasi dipengaruhi oleh faktor intrinsik dan faktor ekstinsik. Guru harus mengetahui kondisi ketika siswa termotivasi dan ketika kondisi siswa tidak termotivasi. Untuk itu seorang guru harus memiliki kemampuan untuk memotivasi siswa. Adapun cara yang bisa dilakukan untuk memotivasi guru untuk meningkatkan siswa adalah untuk membangkitkan minat, menjaga rasa ingin tahu, menggunakan berbagai cara yang menarik menyajikan, membantu siswa menentukan target mereka sendiri. Pembelajaran yang dilakukan oleh siswa dengan mitivasi tinggi akan menciptakan proses pembelajaran yang efektif.Kata kunci: masalah, motivasi, ilmu pengetahuan sosial, sekolah dasarMotivation is a very important thing that affects the activities / work performed by the individual, including that affect students in learning activities. Motivation is one of the most important elements in effective teaching. Learning followed by students who are motivated to be really fun, especially for teachers. Students are motivated to learn something will use higher cognitive processes learn and absorb and remember more of it. Motivation as internal processes that enable, guide and sustain behavior over time. There

  4. Condições Morfodinâmicas Associadas a Afogamentos. Contribuição à Segurança nas Praias Oceânicas da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro / Morphodynamic Conditions Related to Drowning Victims.Contribution to Beach Safety on Rio de Janeiro’s Oceanic Beaches

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    Eduardo Manuel Rosa Bulhões

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Nas praias oceânicas da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, o número de resgates realizados por ano é da ordem de milhares. Este estudo visa identificar condições críticas à segurança dos banhistas nas praias oceânicas da cidade, através da elaboração de estudos em clima de ondas, propagação de ondas em águas rasas e condições morfodinâmicas nas praias que podem se apresentar como perigosas à integridade dos milhares de banhistas freqüentadores das praias cariocas. Os perigos relacionados são a arrebentação das ondas, a topografia móvel do leito praial e a formação de correntes longitudinais e de retorno na zona de surfe. Esses processos naturais são resultado da interação física entre a hidrodinâmica marinha próxima à costa e o relativo reposicionamento do fundo arenoso nas praias que, de fato, expõe banhistas ao risco de afogamentos. A hipótese testada é a de que a partir de estudos em clima de ondas, são identificadas condições médias de ondulação que ao se propagarem até as praias, geram condições morfodinâmicas diferenciadas até mesmo ao longo de um mesmo arco praial. Por sua vez, os estágios morfodinâmicos podem apresentar características perigosas aos banhistas. A análise das estatísticas de salvamentos permite identificar segmentos nas praias onde há maior ou menor concentração de banhistas em situação de risco. Como resultado, chegou-se a um guia de avaliação de risco nas praias, através da correlação entre altura de ondas, nível da maré e estágios morfodinâmicos, que, em último caso, define os qualitativos das praias que expõe os banhistas a riscos.

  5. KELUHAN LOW BACK PAIN PADA PERAWAT RAWAT INAP RSUD SELASIH PANGKALAN KERINCI

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    Kursiah Warti Ningsih

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Low back pain adalah rasa nyeri yang dirasakan pada punggung bawah yang sumbernya tulang belakang daerah spinal, otot, saraf, atau struktur lainnya disekitar daerah tersebut. Dari 10 perawat 6 perawat mengalami keluhan low back pain. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor Keluhan Low back pain.Jenis penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain cross sectional, pada 25 juni- 3 juli  di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Selasih Pangkalan Kerinci. Penelitian dilakukan pada 30 perawat dengan kuesioner. Analisa data yang digunakan secara univariat,Hasil penelitian: 13 orang (43,3% mengalami keluhan low back pain. Hasil uji bivariat terdapat hubungan antara sikap kerja, dan kebiasaan olahraga terhadap kejadian low back pain. Hasil analisis multivariate menunjukkan variable sikap kerja merupakan variable yang paling mempengaruhi kejadian low back pain deng nilai OR 43 kali. Dimana variable IMT merupakan counfounding terhadap variable sikap kerja dan kebiasaan olah raga dan variable kebiasaan olahraga merupakan counfounding terhadap variable IMT.Peneliti mengharapkan pihak Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Selasih Pangkalan Kerinci mengadakan seminar tentang sikap kerja yang baik, menjaga IMT karyawan <25 dan  mengadakan kegiatan olah raga secara teratur di lingkungan Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Selasih Pangkalan Kerinci. Low back pain is pain that felt in the lower back that is the source of the spine area of spinal, muscles, nerves, or other structures surrounding areas. of the 10 nurses 6 nurses complain of low back pain. the purpose of this study was to determine the factors complaint low backpain.Type quantitative research cross-sectionaldesign, on 25 June-3 July at the General Hospital of Selasih Pangkalan Kerinci. The study was conducted on 30 nurses by questionnaires. Data analysis used univariate, bivariate and multivariate.Eesults of the study: 13 patients (43.3% had complaints of low backpain.The result of bivariate correlation between working attitude

  6. Pulp nerve fibers distribution of human carious teeth: An immunohistochemical study

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    Tetiana Haniastuti

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Human dental pulp is richly innervated by trigeminal afferent axons that subserve nociceptive function. Accordingly, they respond to stimuli that induce injury to the pulp tissue. An injury to the nerve terminals and other tissue components in the pulp stimulate metabolic activation of the neurons in the trigeminal ganglion which result in morphological changes in the peripheral nerve terminals. Purpose: The aim of the study was to observe caries-related changes in the distribution of human pulpal nerve. Methods: Under informed consents, 15 third molars with caries at various stages of decay and 5 intact third molars were extracted because of orthodontic or therapeutic reasons. All samples were observed by micro-computed tomography to confirm the lesion condition 3-dimensionally, before decalcifying with 10% EDTA solution (pH 7.4. The specimens were then processed for immunohistochemistry using anti-protein gene products (PGP 9.5, a specific marker for the nerve fiber. Results: In normal intact teeth, PGP 9.5 immunoreactive nerve fibers were seen concentrated beneath the odontoblast cell layer. Nerve fibers exhibited an increased density along the pulp-dentin border corresponding to the carious lesions. Conclusion: Neural density increases throughout the pulp chamber with the progression of caries. The activity and pathogenicity of the lesion as well as caries depth, might influence the degree of neural sprouting.Latar belakang: Pulpa gigi manusia diinervasi oleh serabut saraf trigeminal yang berespon terhadap stimuli penyebab perlukaan dengan menimbulkan rasa sakit. Perlukaan pada akhiran saraf dan komponen lain dari pulpa akan menstimulasi aktivasi metabolik dari neuron pada ganglion trigeminal sehingga mengakibatkan perubahan morfologi pada akhiran saraf perifer. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengamati perubahan distribusi saraf pada pulpa gigi manusia yang disebabkan oleh proses karies. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan

  7. STRATEGI PENINGKATAN PARTISIPASI SISWA DALAM BERKOPERASI DI SMK NEGERI 1 PATI

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    Anik Hindayani

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Dalam organisasi strategi sangat penting digunakan, supaya usaha yang dijalankan bisa berhasil dan sesuai dengan apa yang diharapkan. Besar kecilnya usaha apabila tidak didukung dengan strategi yang baik, maka hasilnya juga tidak akan memuaskan. Begitu juga dengan koperasi sekolah, yang termasuk usaha kecil, walaupun tidak berbadan hukum, yang bertujuan untuk mensejahterakan anggotanya yaitu para siswa SMK Negeri 1 Pati. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis partisipasi siwa dalam kegiatan koperasi; strategi apa yang digunakan oleh SMK N 1 Pati dalam meningkatkan partipasi siswa dan sehingga koperasi sekolah Taruna Niaga masih tetap berjalan dengan baik. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer yang dikumpulkan melalui kuesioner. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa strategi yang digunakan SMK Negeri 1 Pati belum sepenuhnya sejalan dengan tujuan koperasi secara umum yang semestinya juga sebagai tujuan koperasi sekolah SMK Negeri 1 Pati karena yang dilibatkan dalam kegiatan koperasi sekolah hanya siswa akuntansi, tujuan koperasi sekolah secara umum yang dicapai SMK Negeri 1 Pati dengan baik adalah koperasi sekolah sebagai sarana untuk mendapatkan alat-alat kebutuhan sekolah, dan memupuk rasa cinta pada sekolah. The organization used the strategy is very important, so that businesses can run successfully and in accordance with what is expected. The size of the business if not supported by good strategy, then the result would not be satisfactory. So the cooperative school, which includes small businesses, although not a legal entity, which aims for the welfare of its members are students of SMK Negeri 1 Pati. This study aims to analyze the participation of Siwa in cooperative activities; what strategies are used by SMKN 1 Pati in improving partipasi school students and so cooperative �Midshipman Commerce� is still going well. The data used are the primary data collected through questionnaires. These results indicate that the strategy used

  8. Distributive principles of economic justice: an Islamic perspective

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    Zakiyuddin Baidhawy

    2012-12-01

    bagaimana seharusnyanegara ambil peranan dalam menegakkan keadilan distributif. Melalui metodeinduksi-tematik dan analisis sintetik, kajian ini menemukan beberapa hal pentingantara lain. Pertama, Islam telah merumuskan tiga prinsip keadilan distributifsebagai berikut: 1 pemerataan sumber daya alam dan lingkungan dalamkerangka partisipasi; 2 redistribusi kekayaan dan pendapatan dalam rangkamemastikan keamanan sosial, dan meningkatkan kapasitas dan otoritas bagimereka yang kurang/tidak beruntung; dan 3 peran negara merupakan pelengkapbagi pasar yang etis dengan maksud untuk menjamin rasa keadilan dantercapainya kesejahteraan publik. Kedua, menurut Islam, proses redistribusikekayaan dan pendapatan bertujuan untuk memberikan jaminan sosial bagipemenuhan kebutuhan orang miskin; untuk meningkatkan kapasitas merekamelalui pendidikan dan pelatihan; dan meningkatkan posisi tawar kaum miskinmelalui partisipasi dalam pengambilan keputusan yang berkaitan langsung dengankepentingan mereka, serta kendali atas pelaksanaan keputusan tersebut. Ketiga,maksud penegakkan keadilan ialah untuk mewujudkan kesejahteraan sekaliguskebahagiaan individu dan publik.

  9. A metallurgical study of Nāga Bhasma

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    Dev Nath Singh Gautam

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The metal Nāga (Lead is being used by Indians since ancient times. Its external and internal uses have been described in Caraka, Suśruta and other Ayurvedic Saṃhitā. According to most of the Rasa texts, Nāga Bhasma and its formulations are used in many diseases such as Prameha, Jvara, Gulma, Śukrameha etc. Objectives: In the present study, Nāga Bhasma was prepared by the traditional Puṭa method (TPM and by the electric muffle furnace Puṭa method (EMFPM and standardized using Metallographic studies. Doing so helps in the study of the microstructure of Nāga Bhasma and also helps in the identification of the metal particles along with the nature of compound formed during the Māraṇa (Bhasmīkaraṇa process. Setting and Design: Different samples from initial raw material to final product of Nāga Bhasma were collected during the pharmaceutical process (1st, 30th and 60th Puṭa from both methods i.e. TPM and EMFPM. Samples from both methods were studied using metallographic examination. Materials and Methods: The processing of the Nāga Bhasma (ṣaṣṭipuṭa was done according to Ānanda Kanda[9] Samples from the raw material i.e. Aśodhita Nāga (raw Lead and that processed after 1st, 30th and 60th Puṭa from both methods i.e. traditional Puṭa method (using heat from burning of cow dung cakes and electric muffle furnace Puṭa method were taken. They were mounted on self hardening acrylic base. After careful polishing to obtain scratch free surface of product, they were used for metallurgical study. Conclusion: This study shows that traditional Puṭa method may be better than electric muffle furnace Puṭa method because of more homogeneous distribution of Lead sulphide in the Nāga Bhasma which is prepared by traditional method.

  10. Padrão de atividade e comportamento de forrageamento do morcego-pescador Noctilio leporinus (Linnaeus (Chiroptera, Noctilionidae na Baía de Guaratuba, Paraná, Brasil Activity pattern and foraging behavior of bulldog-bat Noctilio leporinus (Linnaeus, (Chiroptera, Noctilionidae in Guaratuba Bay, Paraná State, Brazil

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    Marcelo O. Bordignon

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Entre 18 de janeiro a 16 de dezembro de 1999 foi estudado o comportamento de forrageamento e o padrão de atividade do morcego-pescador Noctilio leporinus (Linnaeus, 1758, em uma área de manguezal na Baía de Guaratuba, Sul do Brasil. Os grupos de N. leporinus observados permaneceram em atividade ao longo de todo o período noturno, mas com um aparente padrão bimodal. Durante os meses de abril a setembro, N. leporinus inicia a sua atividade geralmente às 18:00 h, uma hora mais cedo do que durante os meses de outubro a março, quando inicia sua atividade geralmente às 19:00 h. O comportamento de predação sobre os cardumes de peixes mostrou variações quanto ao local de forrageamento ao longo do período de atividade. Em baixos níveis de maré, os grupos de morcegos pescaram longe da margem em águas mais profundas, mas nos níveis de maré alta os grupos de morcegos permaneceram pescando sempre junto à margem, em águas mais rasas. Este padrão de comportamento em N. leporinus parece ser determinado pelo padrão de deslocamento dos cardumes de peixes na área de estudo.From January 18 to December 16 of 1999 the foraging behavior and activity pattern of fishing bat Noctilio leporinus (Linnaeus, 1758 were studied in mangrove ecosystem of Guaratuba Bay, southern Brazil. The groups of N. leporinus observed remained active during all nightly period but showed an apparent bimodal pattern. During April and September N. leporinus generally begin their activity at 18:00h, one hour earlier than October to March months, when their activity started at 19:00 h. The foraging behavior on fish shoal varied spatially along all the activity period. During low tide level the bat groups remained fishing distant from margin on deeper water, but during high tide level the bats were always observed fishing close to the margin on flat water. This pattern in foraging behavior of N. leporinus appears to be determined by the fish shoal displacement pattern in

  11. PENGOLAHAN GULA AREN (Arrenga Pinnata Merr DI DESA BANUA HANYAR KABUPATEN HULU SUNGAI TENGAH

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    Rosidah R Radam

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Gula aren salah satu pemanis yang telah diproduksi oleh bangsa Indonesia sejak lama. Gula aren sebagai alternatif bahan pemanis makanan dan merupakan mata pencaharian sampingan bagi kebanyakan masyarakat di Desa Banua Hanyar. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui produktivitas dan kontribusi terhadap pendapatan masyarakat. Objek penelitian ini adalah pembuat gula aren. Data yang dikumpulkan terdiri dari  karakteristik responden, proses pembuatan gula aren, perhitungan produktivitas dan kontribusinya terhadap pendapatan masyarakat. Produktivitas gula aren (Arenga pinnata Merr berkisar antara 0,465 Kg/hari hingga 1,137 kg/hari. Kontribusi dari pengolahan gula aren sebesar 60,48% dari pendapatan masyarakat. Tingkat kesejahteraan masyarakat termasuk dalam golongan termiskin dengan pendapatan tahunan per kapita Rp.962 919,- atau setara dengan 148 kg beras. Disarankan perlu pembentukan kelompok tani dengan tujuan keseragaman dalam harga pasar gula aren. Peningkatan kualitas dengan peningkatan bentuk cetakan, kemasan dan aneka  rasa. Sehingga produk gula aren dapat dijual di pasar modern. Palm sugar is a sweetener that has been produced by the nation of Indonesia since long ago.  Palm sugar as an alternative sweetener foodstuffs as well as an second job for most people in the Banua Hanyar village.  The purpose of this research to know the productivity and contribution to community income. The object of this research is the maker of palm sugar. Data collected as data characteristics, the process of making palm sugar, calculation of productivity and its contribution to household income. Productivity sugar palm (Arenga pinnata Merr ranged from 0.465 Kg / day up to 1,137 kg / day. Contributions from processing palm sugar by 60.48% of household income. The level of welfare including in the poorest of the poor with annual income  per capita of IDR 962 919, - or the equivalent of 148 kg of rice.  Need formation of farmer groups with the goal of

  12. Peran Pembina Remaja Bagi Perkembangan Perilaku Remaja Di Gereja Kemah Injil Indonesia Tanjung Selor Kalimantan Utara

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    Jonathan Matheus

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dalam penulisan karya ilmiah ini adalah untuk menemukan sejauh mana peranan seorang pembina remaja bagi perkembangan perilaku remaja.Penulisan karya ilmiah ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dan teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan oleh penulis ialah mengadakan kajian pustaka dengan mengumpulkan data melalui buku-buku dan internet, mengadakan observasi langsung di lapangan dan wawancara kepada objek kajian yaitu para pembina remaja beserta orangtua dan gembala serta pekerja setempat.Adapun kesimpulan karya ilmiah ini adalah peranan seorang pembina remaja dalam perkembangan perilaku remaja yaitu sebagai konselor, sebagai pemimpin yang memiliki visi, sebagai pemimpin rohani, sebagai sahabat, dan sebagai pendoa syafaat. Dengan demikian pembina remaja dapat menghasilkan: Pertama, remaja yang memiliki kualitas pengetahuan firman Tuhan yang baik dan benar sehingga remaja dapat menjalani kehidupan masa remajanya tanpa adanya perubahan perilaku yang menuju pada arah yang negatif. Kedua, dapat dijadikan sebagai acuan yang baik bagi pembina remaja selanjutnya dan dapat mendorong orang tua melakukan hal yang sama pada remaja saat berada dirumah. Ketiga, dapat menumbuhkan rasa percaya diri anak remaja saat mengalami perilaku yang berbeda dan mereka tahu pada siapa dapat mencurahkan masalah yang sedang dihadapinya.Kata Kunci: Peran, Pembina Remaja, Perilaku RemajaThe aim of this article is to explore the extent to which the role of a teen mentor impacts the development of youth behavior.  This work uses qualitative methods.  The author uses a data collection technique, conducting a literature review through gatheringdata from books and the internet, direct field observations, and interviews with research subjects that are all teen mentors, including parents, pastors and local workers. The conclusion of this article is that the role of a youth mentor in the flourishing of adolescent behavior is as a counselor, visionary leader, spiritual leader

  13. Persistent efficacy of a long acting injectable formulation of moxidectin against natural infestations of the sheep nasal bot (Oestrus ovis) in Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rugg, Douglas; Ferrer, Luis Miguel; Sarasola, Patxi; Figueras, Luis; Lacasta, Delia; Liu, Bo; Bartram, David

    2012-09-10

    Cydectin(®) 2% LA Solution for Injection for Sheep (Pfizer Animal Health) is a long-acting (LA) formulation of moxidectin for the treatment and prevention of mixed infections of gastro-intestinal nematodes, respiratory nematodes and certain arthropod parasites in sheep. To evaluate the duration of persistent efficacy against nasal bots (Oestrus ovis), a natural exposure study was conducted in Spain during the summer of 2011. One hundred and twenty nasal bot-free, Rasa Aragonesa sheep were randomly allocated to eight groups of 15 animals each. On Day 0, four groups were treated at the recommended dose rate of 1 mg moxidectin/kg bodyweight. Four groups remained untreated as negative controls. All animals were held in nasal bot-proof housing except for exposure to natural challenge when one group of treated sheep and one of group of control animals were transferred to a local pasture at either 0-20, 20-40, 40-60, or 60-80 days after treatment. Following challenge, sheep were scored for clinical signs of bot infestation, necropsied and the heads sectioned for larval recovery. Nasal bot larvae were retrieved from 7 to 11 control sheep following each exposure period indicating that adult bots were active throughout the study. In the first challenge up to 20 days after treatment, when sheep were slaughtered immediately after exposure, the majority of larvae were first instar (L1) and only 3 of the 15 control sheep were infested with second instars (L2). There was 100% efficacy against L2 and 38.1% reduction in the number of live L1 in the treated sheep but mean counts were not significantly different between treatment and control groups (P ≥ 0.05). For the subsequent exposure periods 20-80 days after treatment (necropsies 7-9 days after challenge), 6-10 sheep were infested with L1 and 9-11 control sheep were infested with L2 and third instars (L3). There was negligible efficacy against L1, but treatment with moxidectin resulted in 100% control of L2 and L3. These

  14. Evaluasi Kualitas Website Universitas XYZ Dengan Pendekatan Webqual [Evaluation of XYZ University Website Quality Based on Webqual Approach

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    Darmawan Baginda Napitupulu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi kualitas website Universitas XYZ dengan pendekatan WebQual. WebQual adalah sebuah pendekatan pengukuran kualitas website melalui persepsi pengguna berdasarkan tiga dimensi yaitu usability, information quality dan services interaction quality. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh mahasiswa Universitas XYZ dimana jumlah sampel diambil sebanyak 216 responden secara purposive sampling. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah survei dengan kuesioner berbasis WebQual 4.0 yang dianalisis dengan IPA (Importance Performance Analysis untuk mengetahui tingkat kepuasan pelanggan yang merupakan gap antara kepentingan dan kinerja. Hasil uji validitas dan reliabilitasmenunjukkan keseluruhan item kuesioner valid dan reliabel karena telah memenuhi persyaratan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dari 22 item yang dianalisis dengan metode IPA dikelompokkan ke dalam kuadran I (3 item, kuadran II (9 item, kuadran III (7 item dan kuadran IV (3 item. Item yang dianggap penting dan perlu segera ditingkatkan terletak pada kuadran I yaitu kemudahan berkomunikasi melalui web, ketersediaan informasi yang cukup detail serta rasa aman dalam menyampaikan data pribadi. Hasil analisis korelasi ganda juga menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang sangat kuat antara variabel independen dan dependen dalam penelitian ini.*****This study aimed to evaluate the quality of XYZ University website with WebQual approach. WebQual is an approach of measuring the quality of a website through user perception based on three dimensions of usability, information quality and service interaction quality. The population in this study was all students at XYZ University, where the number of samples taken about 216 respondents by purposive sampling. The method survey is used with WebQual 4.0 questionnaire-based that was analyzed by IPA (Importance Performance Analysis to determine the level of customer satisfaction that is the gap between importance and

  15. DAMPAK PELATIHAN BAHASA INGGRIS TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERBICARA DAN KEPERCAYAAN DIRI TOURISTS GUIDE (STUDI KASUS DI PKBM BINA TERAMPIL MANDIRI CISARUA BANDUNG BARAT

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    Nunu Mahmud Firdaus

    2018-01-01

    pelatihan tersebut. Dari hasil analisis di lapangan, diketahui bahwa hasil pelatihan yang dilakukan oleh PKBM Bina Terampil Mandiri dapat meningkatkan keterampilan berbicara bahasa Inggris tourists guide dan rasa percaya diri mereka. Dengan demikian para tourists guide mampu menjelaskan tempat yang dikunjungi dengan lancar sehingga para wisatawan lokal dan mancanegara semakin banyak yang tertarik untuk berkunjung ketempat wisata di Indonesia khususnya di Kabupaten Bandung Barat dan dapat memperbaiki perekonomian para tourist guide. Dari hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa PKBM Bina Terampil Mandiri berhasil meningkatkan keteramplan berbicara bahasa Inggris pemandu wisata. Sehingga dapat membuat mereka lebih percaya diri dalam menjalankan tugasnya. Rekomendasi ditujukan terutama kepada Instansi terkait pemegang kebijakan Program PLS, hendaklah lebih memperhatikan lembaga-lembaga pelatihan ini, karena terbukti memberikan dampak manfaat bagi masyarakat, terutama berhubungan dengan peningkatan ekonomi.

  16. PANAMA PAPERS DAN DISKURSUS TENTANG PERLINDUNGAN DATA DI INDONESIA: SUATU PERSPEKTIF TEORI KEADILAN BERMARTABAT

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    Jeferson Kameo

    2016-10-01

    “Setiap orang berhak atas perlindungan diri pribadi, keluarga, kehormatan, martabat, dan harta benda yang di bawah kekuasaannya, serta berhak atas rasa aman dan perlindungan dari ancaman ketakutan untuk berbuat atau tidak berbuat sesuatu yang merupakan hak asasi”. Inilah rumusan dari Pasal 28 G Ayat (1 dari Undang-Undang Dasar, yang dinyatakan Perubahannya yang Kedua dalam suatu Ketetapan Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Republik Indonesia. Dalam rumusan ketentuan ini orang dapat menyuling semua asas yang mengatur perlindungan data dalam Sistem Hukum Pancasila.Di samping rumusan ketentuan di atas, sejumlah rumusan kaedah hukum lainnya berisi asas-asas yang sama dapat juga ditemukan dalam beberapa Undang-Undang yang berlaku dalam sistem hukum Indonesia. Antara lain, UU No. 8 tahun 2011 tentang ITE. Penulis artikel ini berpendapat bahwa seluruh rumusan ketentuan dimaksud adalah bentuk-bentuk perwujudan diri dari jiwa bangsa (Volksgeist tempat orang dapat menemukan asas-asas dan kaidah yang mengatur perlindungan data dalam Sistem Hukum Pancasila. Satu dari asas hukum yang melindungi data pribadi dapat digunakan untuk memecahkan skandal terkini, yaitu Panamapapers. Abstract “Every person has the rights to get protection on his personal/privacy, family, honor, dignity and properties under his power, and has rights to feel secure and to get protection from fear of any threat in order to do or not to do something related to their fundamental rights. This is the formulation of the Article 28 G (1 of the Indonesian Basic Act, mentioned in its Second Amendment mentioned in the Decision of the People's Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia. In this stipulation one could distil all the legal principles governing data protection in the Pancasila Legal System. Apart from the stipulation mentioned above, some further formulation of legal rules contained similar principles may also be found in several Acts in the Indonesian legal system. Among those Acts

  17. KINETIKA REAKSI ESTERIFIKASI GLISEROL DAN ASAM ASETAT MENJADI TRIACETIN MENGGUNAKAN KATALIS ASAM SULFAT

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    Hantoro Satriadi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Biodiesel merupakan salah satu energi alternatif yang diharapkan dapat menggantikan bahan bakar diesel. Gliserol merupakan produk dengan produksi biodiesel dari reaksi transesterifikasi. Gliserol saat diesterifikasi dengan asam asetat untuk membentuk triacetin. Kegunaan triacetin sangat baik untuk makanan dan non makanan. Untuk bahan makanan, triacetin dapat digunakan sebagai bahan aroma dalam permen, minuman dari susu, minuman ringan dan permen karet. Adapun non-makanan dapat digunakan untuk pelarut pada parfum, tinta cetak, pelarut dalam rasa, plasticizer untuk resin selulosa, polimer dan co-polimer, bahkan dapat digunakan sebagai bahan aditif bahan bakar untuk mengurangi knocking di mesin mobil. Dalam penelitian ini akan diperoleh kondisi optimum pembuatan triacetin. Volume total gliserol dan asam asetat 600 ml, kecepatan pengadukan 100 rpm dan berat katalis adalah 5% berat gliserol. Dalam penelitian ini proses analisis kualitatif dengan menggunakan instrumen FTIR telah mendeteksi adanya produk triacetin. Hasil analisis kuantitatif diperoleh persamaan kecepatan reaksi esterifikasi dan kondisi optimum yang dihasilkan pada rasio mol reagen gliserol dan asam asetat 1:7 dengan temperatur 120 oC pada menit ke-5 dengan nilai konversi sebesar 67,63%. [Title: Kinetics of Esterification Reaction of Triacetin Formation from Glycerol and Acetic Acid Using Sulfuric Acid Catalyst] Biodiesel, as one of alternative energy, is expected to replace diesel fuel. Glycerol is a by product of biodiesel production from transesterification reaction. The glycerol was esterified with acetic acid to form triacetin. The triacetin was useful for food and non- food application. For food application, the triacetin can be used as a fragrance ingredient in candy, beverages from milk, soft drinks and chewing gum. Meanwhile, for non-food materials, it can be used for solvent triacetin on perfumes, printing ink, solvent in flavor, plasticizer for cellulose resin, polymer and co

  18. Pengaruh Perbandingan Sari Buah dan Gula Terhadap Mutu Minuman Fungsional Labu Kuning

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    Kamsina Kamsina

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Functional beverage is a kind of beverage obtained from the edible part of fruit through process of washing, crushing, and purifying (if required, pasteurizing, fermenting, and packaging to be consumed immediately. Functional drinks of pumpkin can be used as a satisfying taste and have special function to increase the certain vitamins and minerals intake, inceasing stamina, and reducing the risk of certain diseases (such as antioxidants to reduce the risk of cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimum concentration of pumpkin juice and sugar concentration in making functional drinks of pumpkin. The results showed that the treatment variation of pumpkin juice and water ratio 1:1 and the addition of sugar 20% (A1B3 provided the best results for pH, sugar content, total acid, total dissolved solid, metal contamination, and the amount of lactic acid bacteria. For all treatments, the results of microbial contamination were good, both coliforms <2 APM/100 ml (negative and salmonella (negative, and had storage resistance at a temperature of 4oC (refrigerator for three (3 weeks.ABSTRAKMinuman fungsional dihasilkan dari pengolahan buah untuk dikonsumsi secara langsung. Minuman ini diperoleh melalui  proses pencucian, penghancuran, penjernihan (jika dibutuhkan, pasteurisasi, fermentasi, dan pengemasan. Minuman fungsional labu kuning bisa digunakan sebagai pemuas rasa dan berfungsi khusus untuk menambah asupan vitamin dan mineral tertentu, meningkatkan stamina tubuh, dan mengurangi resiko penyakit tertentu (seperti antioksidan untuk mengurangi resiko kanker. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan konsentrasi juice labu kuning dan konsentrasi gula yang optimal dalam pembuatan minuman fungsional labu kuning. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan rasio sari labu kuning dengan air 1:1 dan penambahan gula pasir 20%  (A1B3  memberikan hasil terbaik terhadap nilai pH, kadar gula, total asam,   total padatan terlarut, cemaran logam

  19. Morfologia do sistema genital feminino da paca (Cuniculus paca, Linnaeus, 1766

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    Ana Carolina Gonçalves dos Reis

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Foi caracterizada a morfologia macroscópica do genital feminino, de seis exemplares adultos de paca (Cuniculus paca, mediante dissecação das cavidades abdominal e pélvica imediatamente após o óbito. Os ovários apresentam forma ovoide, achatados dorso-ventralmente, de coloração amarela esbranquiçada com pequenos pontos avermelhados em sua superfície; têm localização sublombar, caudal aos rins; estão envoltos por uma rasa bolsa ovárica e fixados pelo mesovário; a tuba uterina é um órgão par, de aspecto sinuoso, contínua aos ovários, estando inserida na mesossalpinge e se estendendo até o início de cada corno uterino correspondente. Os cornos uterinos retilíneos fixam-se à parede abdominal pelo mesométrio e se unem pelo ligamento intercornual na altura da entrada da pelve, onde se posicionam dorsalmente à vesícula urinária; duas cevices estão presentes, embora o septo uterino que as separa seja incompleto, caracterizando presença de dois óstios uterinos internos e um único óstio uterino externo, considerando-se este útero como duplo incompleto. A vagina é um órgão tubular que se posiciona ventral ao reto e dorsal à vesícula urinária e à uretra, não se verificou a presença de vestíbulo e a vagina e a uretra não possuem ponto comum de convergência, abrindo-se, cada uma delas, diretamente na região vulvar, que se apresenta plana, com reduzidos lábios vulvares, apenas o clitóris de forma cônica é pouco proeminente e apresenta duas estruturas pontiagudas em sua região distal. Não se verificaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas nas mensurações realizadas nos ovários, tubas uterinas e cornos uterinos, ao se comparar os antímeros direito e esquerdo.

  20. miRTrail - a comprehensive webserver for analyzing gene and miRNA patterns to enhance the understanding of regulatory mechanisms in diseases

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    Laczny Cedric

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Expression profiling provides new insights into regulatory and metabolic processes and in particular into pathogenic mechanisms associated with diseases. Besides genes, non-coding transcripts as microRNAs (miRNAs gained increasing relevance in the last decade. To understand the regulatory processes of miRNAs on genes, integrative computer-aided approaches are essential, especially in the light of complex human diseases as cancer. Results Here, we present miRTrail, an integrative tool that allows for performing comprehensive analyses of interactions of genes and miRNAs based on expression profiles. The integrated analysis of mRNA and miRNA data should generate more robust and reliable results on deregulated pathogenic processes and may also offer novel insights into the regulatory interactions between miRNAs and genes. Our web-server excels in carrying out gene sets analysis, analysis of miRNA sets as well as the combination of both in a systems biology approach. To this end, miRTrail integrates information on 20.000 genes, almost 1.000 miRNAs, and roughly 280.000 putative interactions, for Homo sapiens and accordingly for Mus musculus and Danio rerio. The well-established, classical Chi-squared test is one of the central techniques of our tool for the joint consideration of miRNAs and their targets. For interactively visualizing obtained results, it relies on the network analyzers and viewers BiNA or Cytoscape-web, also enabling direct access to relevant literature. We demonstrated the potential of miRTrail by applying our tool to mRNA and miRNA data of malignant melanoma. MiRTrail identified several deregulated miRNAs that target deregulated mRNAs including miRNAs hsa-miR-23b and hsa-miR-223, which target the highest numbers of deregulated mRNAs and regulate the pathway "basal cell carcinoma". In addition, both miRNAs target genes like PTCH1 and RASA1 that are involved in many oncogenic processes. Conclusions The application

  1. BUDAYA MITONI (ANALISIS NILAI- NILAI ISLAM DALAM MEMBANGUN SEMANGAT EKONOMI

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    Umi Machmudah

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Culture as the result of ideas, feelings and intention in Islam is the manifestation of worship. This paper is written through literary review that is completed with observation from some mitoni traditions. The culture form of ideas, activities and artifact is applied in 'mitoni'. It is a celebration on seventh month of pregnancy age. The activities done in mitoni are 1 bathing, 2 'brojolan' ritual, 3 clothing change ritual, 4 prayer, 5 gift. Islamic values that inspire economic activities in mitoni are 1 thanksgiving that encourages people to be productive, 2 'tafaa’ul' through prayer to be selective in consuming goods, 3 helping each others to manage the production cost, 4 implied education as all the activities are based on knowledge, 5 visitation to make connection through service distribution, 6 almsgiving through the gift that will maximize the production value, 7 reciting the verses of al-Quran and their meaning, some of which related to prosperity, 8 economic creativity, through the use of various apparatus and foods, bearing production activities. Budaya sebagai hasil dari cipta, rasa dan karsa manusia, dalam Islam merupakan manifestasi dari ibadah. Makalah ini ditulis melalui kajian pustaka dilengkapi dengan observasi dari beberapa acara mitoni. Wujud budaya yang berupa gagasan, kegiatan dan artefak yang teraplikasi pada budaya 'mitoni' 'Mitoni' adalah perayaan tujuh bulan usia kehamilan. Rangkaian mitoni adalah 1 siraman, 2 upacara brojolan, 3 upacara pergantian busana, 4 doa dan 5 'mberkat'. Nilai-nilai Islam yang menyemangati aktivitas ekonomi dalam budaya 'mitoni' adalah: a tasyakuran, mendorong orang untuk produktif 2 'tafaa’ul' (optimisme melalui doa, yang menjadi kekuatan untuk selektif dalam mengkonsumsi barang, 3 tolong menolong, yang berdampak pada penekanan biaya produksi, 4 pendidikan (pre natal yang tidak terstruktur, menyebabkan penghematan biaya operasional, karena semua tindakan dilandasi ilmu pengetahuan, 5

  2. FUNGSI KEJAKSAAN SEBAGAI PENGACARA NEGARA DALAM PERSPEKTIF PENEGAKAN HUKUM DI INDONESIA

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    Rusdianto Rusdianto

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of attorney job performance is to fulfill the justice as the human natural character. In this case, human beings have thought and feeling that can be combined to be a wish that can be a motive of an action (realizing justice. Thus, it needs to be clarified in regulation about job performance of attorney, about the obligation in representing government for the sake of public interest toward another domain that includes private business (civil. It can be the strong principal that the attorney position represents state or government in all law aspects. A public prosecutor as the government power should not be involved in representing government, in government affair that is in action, like in taxation, insisting effort in execution, or other actions that are not the attorney authority. It can be more constructive if the function of state lawyer public prosecutor as the government power in the state structure is limited; not all state structure aspects, but limited only the lawsuit solution in a court or arbitration committee that represents attorney as the state or government representative. For that reason, the public prosecutor authority to represent the official needs to be confirmed, especially those which relate to the government decree that the content is the government policy implementation in the limit of government official echelon. It is done to give an assurance to the public prosecutor to be appropriate to his position. ?Bahwasanya tujuan dari kinerja kejaksaan adalah untuk memenuhi rasa keadilan, maka sesuai dengan kodrat alamiah manusia. Dalam hal ini, manusia mempunyai pikiran, dan perasaan yang bila dikombinasikan akan menjadi kehendak, yang menjadi motif dari sikap tindak (mewujudkan keadilan. Demikian, kiranya perlu dipertegas dalam Undang-Undang tentang kinerja kejaksaan tentang kewajiban mewakili pemerintah demi kepentingan umum dengan ranah lain, yang termasuk urusan privat (perdata. Hal ini akan menjadi dasar yang

  3. Stigma terhadap Orang dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA sebagai Hambatan Pencarian Pengobatan: Studi Kasus pada Pecandu Narkoba Suntik di Jakarta

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    Irfan Ardani

    2017-07-01

    dengan kriteria penasun atau mantan penasun yang sudah terinfeksi HIV.Stigma memiliki dua jenis yaitu stigma yang berasal dari dalam diri sendiri dan yang berasal dari luardiri. Stigma dari dalam muncul dari rasa ketakutan dalam diri ODHA dan juga hasil dari internalisasistigma dari luar. Stigma dari luar diterima ODHA penasun dalam bentuk diskriminasi, intimidasi danpembiaran. Sebagai kesimpulan ODHA penasun yang merasa terstigma akan mengurangi kemungkinanuntuk mencari bantuan, menunda pengobatan atau memilih mengakhiri pengobatan. Kepercayaan diriODHA penasun untuk mengatasi masalah adiksi mereka juga akan berkurang akibat stigma yang merekadapat.Kata kunci: stigma, HIV/AIDS, pecandu, pengobatan 

  4. Filsafat Moral Ibn Hazm

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    Ahmad Tajuddin Arafat

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakKajian ini menitikberatkan pada telaah atas pemikiran etik Ibn Hazm al-Andalusy dalam karyanya al-Akhlaq was-Siyar fi Mudawati-n-Nufus. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan content analysis, tujuan riset ditemukan bahwa dalam karyanya tersebut terdapat beberapa nilai-nilai filosofis yang berkaitan dengan upaya memperbaikimoralitas dan mencari cita-cita luhur manusia, yaitu kebahagiaan. Menurutnya, dalam menghadapi problematika kehidupan serta mencari kebahagiaan, manusia harus lebih menekankan pada upaya-upaya untuk menghilangkan rasa sedih dan kegalauan (thard al-hamm. Selain itu, Ibn Hazm menyatakan bahwa ada empatkebajikan utama, kebajikan lainnya sebagai dasar atas: keadilan (al-’adl, intelegensi (al-fahm, keberanian (an-najadat, dan kedermawanan (al-jud. Sebaliknya, ada empat keburukan utama, di mana seluruh keburukan lainnya didasarkan atas keempatnya, yaitu: ketidak adilan (al-ja`ur, kebodohan (al-jahl, ketakutan (aljubn,dan kekikiran (asy-syuh.Kata kunci: Filsafat Moral, Thard al-Hamm, Kebajikan Utama, Nazahat al-Nufus AbstractThis study emphasizes on Ibn Hazm Al Andalusy’s ethical thoughts in his magnum opus: al Akhlaq was Siyar fi Mudawati-n-Nufus. By using content analysis approach, it’s found that there are some philosophical points of Ibn Hazm’s ehical thoughts which looks for good morality and happiness. Ibn Hazm stated that man shall make more efforts on removing downcast, confusion, and anxiety (thard al hamm. He alsodeclared that there are four main righteousnesses (al-fadha`il: justice (al-’adl, intelligence (al-fahm, bravery (an-najadat, and generosity(al-jud.On the contrary, there are also four main adnesses; injustice (al-jaur, folly (al-jahl, fear (al-jubn, and niggardliness (asy-syuh.Keywords: Moral Philosophy, Remove Of Anxiety, Righteousness, Chastity Of Soul

  5. Spatial variability of soil carbon, pH, available phosphorous and potassium in organic farm located in Mediterranean Croatia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogunović, Igor; Pereira, Paulo; Šeput, Miranda

    2016-04-01

    Soil organic carbon (SOC), pH, available phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) are some of the most important factors to soil fertility. These soil parameters are highly variable in space and time, with implications to crop production. The aim of this work is study the spatial variability of SOC, pH, P and K in an organic farm located in river Rasa valley (Croatia). A regular grid (100 x 100 m) was designed and 182 samples were collected on Silty Clay Loam soil. P, K and SOC showed moderate heterogeneity with coefficient of variation (CV) of 21.6%, 32.8% and 51.9%, respectively. Soil pH record low spatial variability with CV of 1.5%. Soil pH, P and SOC did not follow normal distribution. Only after a Box-Cox transformation, data respected the normality requirements. Directional exponential models were the best fitted and used to describe spatial autocorrelation. Soil pH, P and SOC showed strong spatial dependence with nugget to sill ratio with 13.78%, 0.00% and 20.29%, respectively. Only K recorded moderate spatial dependence. Semivariogram ranges indicate that future sampling interval could be 150 - 200 m in order to reduce sampling costs. Fourteen different interpolation models for mapping soil properties were tested. The method with lowest Root Mean Square Error was the most appropriated to map the variable. The results showed that radial basis function models (Spline with Tension and Completely Regularized Spline) for P and K were the best predictors, while Thin Plate Spline and inverse distance weighting models were the least accurate. The best interpolator for pH and SOC was the local polynomial with the power of 1, while the least accurate were Thin Plate Spline. According to soil nutrient maps investigated area record very rich supply with K while P supply was insufficient on largest part of area. Soil pH maps showed mostly neutral reaction while individual parts of alkaline soil indicate the possibility of penetration of seawater and salt accumulation in the

  6. Registro do Icnogênero Ophiomorpha Lundgreen, 1891 em Depósitos da Planície Costeira (Quaternário (Quaternário do Estado do Rio de Janeiro.

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    Rommulo Mendes Carvalho Barreiro

    2007-07-01

    ocorrênciade Callichirus major, denominado “corrupto” porpescadores da região, que compõe a meiofaunainfralitoral da praia Rasa, Cabo Frio/Armação dosBúzios, RJ. Apoio: Instituto Virtual de PaleontologiaIVP-FAPERJ, pelo suporte financeiro ao projeto.

  7. KUALITAS MADU HUTAN KECAMATAN TABUKAN BARITO KUALA DAN KEMUNGKINAN PENGEMBANGANNYA

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    Rosidah Radam

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Honey have a various colour, smell, and taste, depending on the dominant plants in their surroundings. Honey May consumed as Food agent and traditional cure, containing nectar or exudate-sugar from the plants collected by honeybees that benefit for traditional Cure in Community. Honey utility dependent on its Product purity. This Research is aimed to observe the quality of Common honey that collected from Tabukan Residence, so that we can give suggestion for further development. Honey quality Test is occupied in Laboratory of Research and Industrial Standardization Board Banjarbaru South Kalimantan. Honey quality Test Parameters are: Water content, Ash level, insoluble solid, reductor sugar, and sucrose Sugar content. The result shows that natural honey in Tabukan regency containing Water content 17%, Ash level 0.26%, insoluble solid 1.41%, reductor Sugar 65.63%, and sucrose Sugar content 3.82%. Comparing with the SNI 01-3545-2004 honey quality standards, the honey in this Research have a very good quality, because it fulfilled all Test parameter requirements. Thus, insoluble solid gains 1.41% which is higher from the 0.5% maximum SNI standard. So we can suggest that Natural Honey in Tabukan Regency May be developed by stump system. Madu memiliki warna, aroma dan rasa yang berbeda-beda,tergantung pada jenis tanaman yang banyak tumbuh di sekitarnya. Madu digunakan sebagai agen makanan dan obat tradisional, mengandung nektar atau gula eksudat dari tanaman yang dikumpulkan oleh lebah madu serta merupakan salah satu obat tradisional yangdigunakan oleh masyarakat. Khasiat madu sangat ditentukan dengan kemurnian produk madu yang  dihasilkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk  mengetahuikualitas madu yang diperoleh di Kecamatan Tabukan yang banyak dipasarkan dan digunakan masyarakat, sehingga dapat dipikirkan pengembangannya. Pengujian kualitas madu dilakukan di Laboratorium Balai Riset dan Standarisasi Industri Banjarbaru Kalimantan Selatan. Parameter

  8. Faktor Determinan Pemilihan Makanan Jajanan pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar

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    Yohanes Kristianto

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Makanan jajanan pada siswa sekolah masih banyak yang bermutu rendah sehingga keterampilan anak dalam memilih memegang peran penting dalam mendapatkan jajanan yang sesuai dengan kebutuhannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menilai mutu jajanan siswa sekolah dan mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang menentukan pemilihan jajanan. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan desain cross sectional pada 120 siswa sekolah dasar di Kota Batu yang dipilih secara purposif pada bulan September hingga Desember 2009. Mutu jajanan sekolah diperiksa di laboratorium. Siswa diminta untuk menjawab 28 pertanyaan tentang pemilihan jajanan. Data yang diperoleh diolah dan dianalisis dengan uji analisis faktor. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada umumnya jajanan pada siswa seko-lah mengandung energi di bawah standar (300 Kkal/ orsi. Komposisi bahan penyusun jajanan kurang bervariasi. Sebagian besar jajanan (71,4% mengandung formalin. Faktor utama yang menentukan pemilihan jajanan di sekolah mencakup variabel harga, hadiah, ukuran porsi, aroma, dan kebebasan menentukan pilihan sendiri. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa kandungan gizi dan keamanan jajanan anak sekolah perlu ditingkatkan. Determinan utama pemilihan jajanan didominasi aspek harga, hadiah, dan cita rasa. Untuk membuat jajanan yang bergizi dan aman disarankan pembuatan dilakukan dengan menggunakan bahan pangan dan teknologi lokal. Selain itu, juga diperlukan penegakan hukum terkait dengan penggunaan bahan berbahaya dalam jajanan siswa sekolah. Snacks of poor qualities which still predominate foods sold in school high-lights the importance of skill in choosing healthy foods. This research was aimed to examine the quality of snack and determine factors that contribute to children’s food choice. The study was conducted using cross sectional design on purposefully selected 120 school children from four elementary schools in Kota Batu in September to December 2009. School snacks were collected for

  9. POLITIK KOLONIAL DAN PERKEMBANGAN SENI TARI DI PURO PAKUALAMAN PADA MASA PEMERINTAHAN PAKU ALAM IV (1864-1878

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    HY. Agus Murdyastomo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Pusat budaya di Yogyakarta selama ini yang lebih banyak diketahui oleh masyarakat adalah Kraton Kasultanan Yogyakarta,  tetapi sesungguhnya selain Kraton Kasutanan masih terdapat pusat budaya yang lain yaitu Pura Paku Alaman. Di Kadipaten telah terlahir tokoh-tokoh yang sangat memperhatikan kelestarian budaya Jawa khususnya seni tari tradisi. Salah satunya adalah Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aryo Paku Alam IV, yang pada masa ia berkuasa, budaya Barat yang dibawa oleh kaum kolonialis melanda daerah jajahan. Hadirnya budaya asing tentu sulit untuk ditolak. Namun demikian denga piawainya KGPAA Paku Alam IV, justru mengadopsi budaya Barat, tetapi ditampilkan dengan rasa dan estetika Jawa, dalam bentuk tari klasik. Sehingga pada masanya lahir repertoar tari baru yang memperkaya seni tari tradisi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap perkembangan seni tari di Pura Pakualaman pada masa pemerintahan KGPAA Paku Alam IV, dan hal-hal apa yang melatarbelakangi penciptaannya. Dalam rangka mewujudkan rekonstruksi ini dilakukan dengan metode sejarah kritis, yang tahapannya meliputi Pertama, Heuristik, atau pencarian dan pengumpulan sumber data sejarah, yang dalam hal ini dilakukan di BPAD DIY, dan di Perpustakaan Pura Pakualaman. Di kedua lembaga tersebut tersimpan arsip tentang Paku Alaman, dan juga naskah-naskah yang berkaitan dengan penciptaan tari. Kedua, Kritik, atau pengujian terhadap sumber-sumber yang terkumpul, sumber yang telah terkumpul diuji dari segi fisik untuk memperoleh otentisitas, kemudian membandingkan informasi yang termuat dengan informasi dari sumber yang berbeda, untuk memperoleh keterpercayaan atau kredibilitas.  Ketiga, Interpretasi yaitu informasi yang ada dikaji untuk diangkat fakta-fakta sejarahnya, yang kemudian dirangkai menjadi sebuah kisah sejarah. Untuk memperkuat interpratasi dan pemaknaan rangkaian fakta digunakan juga pendekatan budaya dalam hal ini digunakan teori akulturasi dan asimilasi. Keempat Kisah yang

  10. PENYELENGGARAAN MAKANAN, DAYA TERIMA MAKANAN, DAN TINGKAT ASUPAN SISWA ASRAMA KELAS UNGGULAN SMA 1 PEMALI BANGKA BELITUNG

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    . Sutyawan

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were to assess food service management, food acceptance, and the consumption’s level of students boarding school dormitory SMA 1 Pemali Bangka Belitung. The research was conducted in May—July 2013 with a cross sectional design. Subjects were purposively chosen with the total of 71 students. As many as 51.0% of components of food service management system have already been applied consisted of planning, purchasing, storage, processing, serving, personal hygiene, and sanitation. Spearman correlation analysis showed that the preference level for taste of food was significantly associated with energy and protein sufficiency level (p<0.05. The preference level for temperature of food was significantly associated with sufficiency levels of phosphorus (p<0.05. Preference level for temperature of food was significantly associated with compliance level of energy and iron (p<0.05. The level of compliance was significantly associated with sufficiency level of energy, iron, phosphorus, and zinc (p<0.05. Energy, protein, fosfor, iron intake from dormitory was significantly negatively associated with intake from non dormitory (p<0.05.Keywords: compliance level, food service management, preference level, sufficiency levelABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui proses penyelenggaraan makanan, daya terima makanan, dan tingkat asupan siswa asrama kelas unggulan SMA 1 Pemali Bangka Belitung. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Mei hingga Juli 2013 dengan menggunakan desain cross-sectional. Subjek diambil secara purposive dengan total 71 siswa. Sebanyak 51.0% komponen sistem penyelenggaraan makanan sudah diterapkan yang terdiri dari perencanaan, pembelian, penyimpanan, pengolahan, penyajian, higiene perorangan, dan sanitasi. Uji korelasi Spearman menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kesukaan terhadap rasa makanan memiliki hubungan yang nyata dengan tingkat kecukupan energi dan protein (p<0.05. Tingkat kesukaan terhadap suhu

  11. Field studies of a Brazilian seahorse population, Hippocampus reidi Ginsburg, 1933

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    Natalie Villar Freret-Meurer

    2008-08-01

    período reprodutivo. As maiores densidades foram encontradas em áreas mais rasas da área de estudo.

  12. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL INTERNALISASI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER PANCASILA PADA GURU PENDIDIKAN ANAK USIA DINI

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    Siti Supeni

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengembangkan model internalisasi pendidikan karakter se- bagai penguatan nilai-nilai Pancasila, mengetahui langkah dan efektivitas model, mengembangkan strategi yang efektif, serta memperoleh hasil pengembangan bahan ajar oleh guru PAUD di Kota Surakarta. Penelitian ini merupakan model penelitian dan pengembangan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi, focus group discussion, wawancara, dan dokumentasi, sedang teknik analisis data dilakukan dengan membuat reduksi data dan sajian data secara terus-menerus. Strategi pengembangan model pendidikan karakter disesuaikan dengan materi melalui media bermain peran, gambar, menyanyikan lagu nasional, dan rasa cinta tanah air. Out bond efektif pada praktik pendidikan karakter melalui nilai-nilai dasar etika dan moral dijadikan sebagai basis pendidikan Pancasila. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model yang dilakukan valid dan reliabel. Penelitian berhasil mengembangkan model pendidikan karakter dalam internalisasi pendidikan Pancasila pada anak usia dini lewat beberapa model strategi pengembangan pendidikan karakter dalam menginternalisasikan Pancasila pada PAUD melalui tabel model yang akan diterapkan dalam proses pendidikan. Kata Kunci: pendidikan karakter, Pancasila, PAUD DEVELOPING A MODEL OF THE PANCASILA CHARACTER EDUCATION INTERNALISATION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD TEACHERS Abstract: This study was aimed to develop a model of the internalisation of the Pancasila character education, to find out the stages and effectiveness of the model, to develop an effective strategy, and to obtain the result of the materials developed by early childhood teachers in Surakarta Municipality. This study used a research and development model. The data were collected through observations, focus group discussion, interviews, and documentation, and the data were analyzed by reducing the data and displaying the data continuously. The strategi of developing the model of character

  13. ESTETIKA TERBANG HADROH NUURUSSA’ADAH DESA KALISAPU KECAMATAN SLAWI KABUPATEN TEGAL

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    Junaidi -

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Musik rebana atau musik terbang berasal dari bentuk-bentuk musik yang bercirikan Islam yang ada sebelumnya. Permainan terbang hadroh merupakan perkembangan dari permainan musik terbang yang ada sebelumnya, terbang samproh, qasidah dan terbang balo-balo. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan dan mendeskripsikan bentuk pertunjukan dan estetika terbang hadroh “Nuurussa’adah” di desa Kalisapu. Dalam permainannya kesenian  terbang hadroh dibagi menjadi enam bagian yaitu: pembuka atau tawasul, menyanyikan lagu, pembacaan sholawat,  menyanyikan lagu, makhalul kian, dan 6 do’a atau penutup. Nilai estetika terbang hadroh mencakup beberapa unsur yang meliputi wujud atau rupa, bobot atau isi dan penampilan atau penyajian. Dalam kesenian bobot merupakan sesuatu yang dapat ditangkap panca indra. Bobot merupakan apa yang bisa dirasakan dari wujud kesenian. Musik terbang hadroh berbentuk ansambel campuran, dan mudah dipahami karena menggunakan bait-bait, penggunaan alat musik pada kesenian terbang hadroh lebih sederhana walaupun jumlah alat musiknya lebih banyak, Pola ritme yang berulang-ulang dan inovasi bahasa, menumbuhkan rasa nyaman dalam mendengarkan musik terbang hadroh, dan merangsang kepada setiap pendengar dan penonton untuk ikut mengikuti alunan musik terbang hadroh. Mantingan Mosque extravagance decoration on the interior architecture, which is rarely found in other mosques in Indonesia. The uniqueness of the decoration on the interior architecture Mantingan mosque is also not out of the histori city of the surrounding conditions. With a variety of uniqueness and historical values that surrounded it. On the basis of this, there search is taking the problem: (1 How does the structure of mosque architecture Mantingan?; (2 How does a decorative wall in the form of interior design form Mantingan Mosque, Jepara? ; and (3 How decorative and architectural significance Mantingan Mosque reflect acculturation? In this study the data were

  14. Diet of the oilfish Ruvettus pretiosus (Perciformes: Gempylidae in the Saint Peter and Saint Paul archipelago, Brazil

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    Danielle de Lima Viana

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Feeding aspects of the oilfish, Ruvettus pretiosus, were studied based on 360 stomachs of both male and female specimens caught off the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago. The total length of the specimens ranged from 52.4 cm to 189.0 cm. Of the 360 stomachs examined, 135 presented some food and 225 were empty. Thirty-four taxa were identified, represented by 16 fish, 17 cephalopods and 1 crustacean. The stabilization of the food items richness was attained at 35 food items and 104 stomachs, approximately. A remarkable predation upon the flying fish Cheilopogon cyanopterus was observed around SPSPA, directly related to the main reproductive period of this species in the area. The oilfish's food spectrum shows that the species feeds on a wide vertical range in the water column, catching prey items at the surface or in shallow waters, as well as epi-mesopelagic fish, in addition to mesopelagic cephalopods.Aspectos alimentares do peixe-prego, Ruvettus pretiosus, foram estudados com base nos estômagos de 360 espécimes, de ambos os sexos, capturados nos arredores do Arquipélago de São Pedro e São Paulo. Todos os exemplares foram capturados com linha de mão. O comprimento total dos exemplares variou de 52,4 cm a 189,0 cm. Dos 360 estômagos examinados, 135 apresentaram algum alimento e 225 estavam vazios. Trinta e quatro táxons foram identificados, representados por 16 peixes, 17 cefalópodes e um crustáceo. A estabilização da riqueza dos itens alimentares foi obtida com 35 itens e 104 estômagos. Uma predação notável sobre o peixe-voador Cheilopogon cyanopterus foi observada nas adjacências do ASPSP, diretamente relacionada com o principal período reprodutivo dessa espécie na área. O espectro alimentar do peixe-prego mostra que a espécie se alimenta em uma ampla faixa vertical na coluna d'agua, capturando desde presas de superfície ou águas rasas, a peixes epi-mesopelágicos, além de cefalópodes mesopelágicos.

  15. Pengembangan Kecerdasan Emosional Anak Melalui Game DOTA (Defence of The Ancients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Prima

    2018-02-01

    belajar memahami perasaan dirinya sendiri dan orang lain serta bagaimana cara menyikapinya. Oleh karena itu, peran kecerdasan emosional penting bagi kehidupan anak sehingga dibutuhkan adanya stimulus agar berkembang secara optimal, salah satunya dengan permainan. Permainan adalah suatu hal yang disukai oleh anak baik itu permainan tradisional maupun online. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui cara mengembangkan kecerdasan emosional anak melalui game DoTA. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif jenis deskriptif. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kecerdasan adalah bawaan anak sejak lahir. Namun kecerdasan harus dikembangkan dengan cara pemberian stimulasi pada anak. Salah satu kecerdasan yang penting adalah kecerdasan emosi yang dapat membantu anak menjalani kehidupannya dengan rasa aman dan bahagia.

  16. Segmentation of the Outer Contact on P-Type Coaxial Germanium Detectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hull, Ethan L.; Pehl, Richard H.; Lathrop, James R.; Martin, Gregory N.; Mashburn, R. B.; Miley, Harry S.; Aalseth, Craig E.; Hossbach, Todd W.

    2006-09-21

    results are the first fundamental steps toward demonstrating the viability of the amorphous germanium contacts for much larger segmented p-type coaxial detectors. Large segmented p-type coaxial detectors based on this technology could serve as the gamma-ray spectrometers on instruments such as the Radionuclide Aerosol Sampler/Analyzer (RASA). These detectors will provide a more sensitive, lower background measurement than currently available unsegmented p-type coaxial detectors.

  17. Algumas observações de campo sobre biologia e ecologia de Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856 (Mollusca, Pilidae Some field observation on biology and ecology of Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856 (Mollusca, Pilidae

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    Carlos Tito Guimarães

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available Algumas observações de campo sobre o pilídeo Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856, predador-competidor de planorbíneos hospedeiros intermediários da esquistossomose mansoni mostraram que: Cópula e oviposição são realizadas, preferencialmente, à noite e de madrugada. As desovas - cujas dimensões e formas dependem do número de ovos e tipos dos suportes - sao ovipostas, na maioria das vezes, de 6 a 10 cm acima do nível da água eclodindo após 9 a 30 dias de incubação; o número médio de ovos por desova foi de 236. A alimentação habitual deste molusco consiste de algas confervóides, além de vegetais aquáticos natantes e submersos; entretanto, e comum a utilização de outros materiais como alimento.Tem como habitat a zona marginal mais rasa das coleções hídricas onde e encontrado, predominando, aparentemente, nos ambientes lênticos. A distribuição espacial esta condicionada por determinadas características dos biótopos. Algumas aves aquáticas - anatídeos, ralídeos, etc.- revelaram-se importantes inimigos naturais, atacando além das desovas exemplares jovens e adultos; em determinadas condições podem constituir fator impeditivo da implantação e colonização de novos biótopos.Some field observations on the pilid Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856, predator-competitor of schistosomiasis mansoni planorbid intermediate hosts have shown that: Copula and oviposition are preferably carried out at night or at dawn. Eggmasses - whose dimension and shape depend on the number of eggs and types of supports - are often laid from 6 to 10 com above the water level and hatched 9 to 30 days after incubation; the average number of eggs/egg-mass was 236. Habitual food consist of confervoid algae, besides natant and submerged aquatic vegetation; it is common, however, the utilization of the other material as food. Its habitat is the shallower marginal zone of hidric collections, predominatly in lentic surrounding. Its spacial distribution is

  18. Penatalaksanaan Lesi Endo-Perio dengan Perawatan Endodontik Non Bedah

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    Irene Sulistio

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Secara anatomis pulpa dan periodontal saling berhubungan. Pada keadaan tertentu bisa terjadi inflamasi di pulpa dan periodontal. Hal ini disebut dengan lesi endodontik-periodontal. Perkembangan dan progresi lesi endo-perio ini dipengaruhi oleh faktor etiologi seperti bakteri, jamur, dan virus serta faktor pendukung seperti trauma, resorpsi akar, perforasi, dan malformasi gigi. Pada lesi endo-perio diperlukan rencana perawatan yang tepat agar prognosis perawatan dari gigi tersebut dapat baik. Artikel ini bertujuan memaparkan perawatan kasus lesi endo-perio yang berhasil setelah manajemen endodontik tanpa dilakukan bedah endodontik. Seorang pasien laki-laki berusia 21 tahun datang ke RSGM dengan keluhan gigi belakang kiri bawah sakit. Gigi tersebut pernah ditumpat 1 tahun yang lalu.Pada gambaran radiograf terdapat lesi radiolusen luas pada tulang alveolar sekitar akar distal. Perawatan endodontik dilakukan dengan pergantian bahan dressing kalsium hidroksida sebanyak 3 kali. Pada kontrol bulan kedua terlihat terjadi penulangan pada bagian lesi periodontal tersebut dan pasien tidak mengeluhkan rasa sakit. Kesimpulan hasil perawatan lesi endodontik periodontal dapat dirawat dengan perawatan endodontik non bedah. Management of Nonsurgical Endodontic Treatment on A Combined Endo-period Lesion. The pulp and periodontium have anatomic interrelationships. As the tooth matures, and the root is formed, three main avenues are created between pulp and periodontal ligament, i.e. dentinal tubules, lateral and accessory canals, apical foramen. These are the pathways that may provide a means by which pathological agent pass between the pulp and periodontium, thereby creating the endo - period lesion. Etiologic factors such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses as well as contributing factors such as trauma, root resorption, and dental malformations play a significant role in the development and progression of such lesions. In the endodontic - periodontal lesion is

  19. KARAKTERISTIK KONSELOR BAGI MAHASISWA ( PROGRAM STUDI LANGKA PEMINAT

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    Moh. Rosyid

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Berkaitan dengan respon pengguna jasa pada perguruan tinggi dikenal PT ekstrapeminat dan langka peminat. Perguruan Tinggi Agama Islam (PTAI yang statusnya negeri atau swasta juga terpilah prodi gemuk dan kering (langka peminat. Prodi gemuk antara lain prodi yang mencetak calon guru agama. Dalihnya, calon pengguna jasa beranggapan bahwa sarjana pendidikan lahan kerjanya dianggap jelas yakni menjadi pendidik lapangan kerjanya di madrasah/sekolah.  Berbeda dengan sarjana ilmu tafsir, ilmu aqidah, atau ilmu dakwah yang lapangan kerjanya dianggap masih bias. Anggapan ini menjadi penyebab semakin menurunnya  minat calon mahasiswa  sehingga perlu peran ekstra sosok konselor yang diperankan dosen dan pejabat struktural bagi mahasiswa pada prodi langka peminat. Peran utama konselor tersebut untuk meyakinkan pada mahasiswa untuk tetap optimis menyelesaikan studi untuk mendapatkan gelar sarjana. Konselor berperan dalam perkuliahan dan di luar perkuliahan diharuskan melaksanakan tiga hal mendasar meliputi mengenalkan tentang optimisme di Jurusan Dakwah, luasnya prospek alumni sarjana Jurusan Dakwah, dan prinsip pelayanan konselor yang prima. Modal dasar yang dijadikan bahan penyuluhan oleh konselor adalah membangun hubungan saling percaya dan penuh kasih antara konselor dengan klien, menumbuhkan rasa diperhatikan bagi klien oleh konselor, memahami dan  mengenali perasaan emosi  klien, berusaha membantu menyelesaikan masalah, dan memberi pertimbangan dalam hal solusi yang tepat. kata kunci: Modal Dasar, Konselor, dan Prodi Langka Peminat. Related with the  user response services at the  college known rare Program  registrants. College of Islamic Religion (PTAI the public or private status is also disaggregated fat and dried (rare enthusiasts study program. Fat  Study Program among  others study program scored a religion teacher candidates. He argued, potential service users assume that undergraduate  education  is considered clear his  land that

  20. Experiential learning model on entrepreneurship subject for improving students’ soft skills

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    Lina Rifda Naufalin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the research was to improve students’ soft skills on entrepreneurship subject by using experiential learning model. It was expected that the learning model could upgrade students’ soft skills which were indicated by the higher confidence, result and job oriented, being courageous to take risks, leadership, originality, and future-oriented. It was a class action research using Kemmis and Mc Tagart’s design model. The research was conducted for two cycles. The subject of the study was economics education students in 2015/2016.  The result of the research showed that the experiential learning model could improve students’ soft skills. The research showed that there were increases at the dimension of confidence, (52.1%, result-oriented (22.9%, being courageous to take risks (10.4%, leadership (12.5%, originality (10.4%, and future-oriented (18.8%. It could be concluded that the experiential learning model was effective to improve students’ soft skills on entrepreneurship subject. It also showed that the dimension of confidence had the highest rise. Students’ soft skills were shaped through the continuous stimulus when they got involved at the implementation.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan soft skills mahasiswa dalam mata kuliah kewirausahaan dengan menggunakan model experietial learning. Diharapkan dengan model pembelajaran ini terjadi peningkatan soft skills mahasiswa yang ditandai dengan peningkatan rasa percaya diri, berorientasi tugas dan hasil, berani mengambil resiko, kepemimpinan, keorisinilan, dan berorientasi masa depan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian tindakan kelas dengan menggunakan model desain menurut Kemmis dan Mc Tagart. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam dua siklus, yaitu siklus I dan siklus II. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di kelas pendidikan ekonomi angkatan 2015/2016. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan model experiential learning dapat meningkatkan soft skills

  1. PENGARUH KOMPRES SEREI HANGAT TERHADAP PENURUNAN INTENSITAS NYERI ARTRITIS RHEUMATOID PADA LANJUT USIA

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    Marlina Andriani

    2016-05-01

    dan setelah dilakukan kompres serei hangat. Ini dibuktikan dengan uji t-test didapat nilai t sebesar 10,563 dengan nilai signifikansi = 0,000, dengan hasil tersebut kompres  serei hangat dapat digunakan sebagai salah satu alternative untuk mengurangi intensitas nyeri dan rasa nyeri yang dirasakan oleh lanjut usia yang menderita artritis rheumatoid. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa kompres serei hangat berpengaruh terhadap intensitas nyeri artritis rheumatoid dan dapat dilanjutkan sebagai intervensi yang dapat dilakukan secara mandiri oleh penderita artritis rheumatoid.Kata kunci : (artritis rheumatoid, intensitas nyeri, lansia, kompres serai hangat.

  2. Fatores de risco relacionados à condição de saúde periodontal em universitários

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    Carlos Henrique de Carvalho e Souza

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A doença periodontal pode ter seu início na infância e na adolescência, e progredir lentamente ao longo da vida. Em universitários, a forma mais comum e prevalente da doença é a gengivite. OBJETIVO: Mensurar a condição de saúde periodontal de uma amostra de universitários e verificar existência da associação com variáveis sociodemográficas e os fatores de risco envolvidos. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: A amostra consistiu de 306 universitários voluntários, com idade entre 19 e 35 anos, sendo usados como indicadores de saúde bucal os índices: Índice Periodontal Comunitário (CPI e Índice de Dentes Cariados, Perdidos e Obturados (CPO-D. Para processamento e análise dos dados, foi usado o programa SPSS versão 18.0. A classificação da condição periodontal foi dicotomizada em CPI 3. Realizou-se regressão logística bivariada e multivariada para analisar a associação entre a condição periodontal e as variáveis independentes. RESULTADO: A amostra consistiu de 51,3% de mulheres e 48,7% de homens, tendo a maioria renda menor do que 6 salários mínimos. Observou-se que 14,4% da amostra era livre de cárie. A pior condição periodontal foi encontrada no sextante 6 e 20,9% da amostra apresentou bolsas rasas em ao menos um sextante. Houve associação entre a condição periodontal e as variáveis: gênero, renda, nível de higiene bucal e uso do fio dental (p < 0,05; entretanto, não houve associação entre aquela e o CPO-D da amostra (p = 0,48. CONCLUSÃO: A amostra apresentou leve condição de doença periodontal, com ausência de bolsas periodontais profundas. Indivíduos do gênero feminino, de renda acima de 4 salários, com bom nível de higiene bucal e que usam o fio dental tiveram melhor condição de saúde periodontal.

  3. Pemberdayaan Perempuan Kredit Mikro dan Kemiskinan: Sebuah Studi Empiris

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    Agus Suman

    2007-01-01

    kelompok perempuan dan besarnya tunggakan cicilan kelompok itu. Dalam kultur masyarakat per