WorldWideScience

Sample records for debits sanguins cerebraux

  1. Evolution of cerebral blood flow between the acute stage and one month after a global transient amnesia: a study of 18 patients; Evolution des debits sanguins cerebraux entre la phase aigue et un mois apres un ictus amnesique: etude chez 18 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Philippon, B.; Houzard, C.; Cinotti, L. [Hopital Neuro Cardiologique, Centre de Medecine Nucleaire, 69 - Lyon (France); Croisile, B. [Hopital Neuro Cardiologique, Lab. de Neuropsychologie, Fonctions Cognitives, Langage et Memoire, 69 - Lyon (France)

    2001-03-01

    We studied 18 patients within 24 hours of an idiopathic transient global amnesia and one month later using {sup 133}Xe et {sup 99m}Tc-HMPAO for CBF measurements. Absolute hemispheric CBF obtained with the {sup 133}Xe were initially: (right) = 46.9 ml/mn/100 g (s.d 6.6) and (left) = 47.9 (s.d 6.8). One month later, a significant increase of the right hemispheric CBF occurred (52.0 {+-} 6.9). Accordingly, absolute CBF increased bilaterally in the cerebellar and temporal regions. Local relative cerebral blood flow ( {sup 99m}Tc-HMPAO) allowed to reinforce these findings with increased resolution. They can also provide quantitative values thanks to the{sup 133}Xe calibration. (authors)

  2. Test of inscribed description in the Alzheimer`s disease: correlation of neuro-psychology and of cerebral sanguinary rates; Test de description ecrite dans la maladie d`Alzheimer: correlation de la neuro-psychologie et des debits sanguins cerebraux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Houzard, C.; Croisile, B.; Philippon, B.; Hibert, O.; Gogoleva, S.M.; Itti, R.; Cinotti, L.; Wertheimer, H.P. [CERMEP, Lyon (France)

    1997-12-31

    The alteration of the written description of an image scene constitutes an early and sensible indicator in diagnosing the Alzheimer`s disease (AD). Measurements of cerebral blood rates (CBR) by SPECT show characteristic regional anomalies. We have studied correlations between the neuro-psychological tests (NT), parameters of description (description of the image of a thief of crackers) and CBR in patients afflicted by AD. Ten patients afflicted by AD of slow onset (MMSE 20.2{+-} 5.1) were subject to the following NTs: MMSE, Wounded A, Battery of Aphasia, BNT, verbal fluence, gesticulative practice, direct and inversion span, copy of a figure, immediate recall of a figure, immediate recall of a story. The description variables were the length of texts (words, phrases), the items of information, the grammatical, semantic and orthographic errors. The relative variations of CBR were obtained after injection by HMPAO - {sup 99m}Tc. The indices of asymmetry were calculated by the method of the regions of interest and the correlations were calculated between the NTs, description variables and L/R asymmetry by SPECT. For the temporal lobes the correlations are significant with: Battery of Aphasia and BNT (p < 0.01), and recall of a story (p < 0.05); in the anterior frontal lobes with: MMSE and direct span (p < 0.05); in the posterior frontal lobes with: Battery of Aphasia (p < 0.05), BNT and recall of a story (p < 0.01). For writing, the grammatical errors are correlated with the anterior frontal asymmetries (p < 0.03); the semantic errors with the anterior and posterior frontal lobes (p < 0.02) and with the temporal lobes (p < 0.05). Our results show a correlations of the frontal and temporal asymmetries with the early degradation of the scores of written semantic errors and the oral tests of language. The grammatical errors appearing later and in severe forms of AD as the attention abilities are connected only to anterior frontal asymmetries. Different functional networks could determine specific abilities of writing which are afflicted sequentially during the AD

  3. Combination of phlebography and sanguinous measurement of venous blood pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weber, J.

    1988-07-01

    Phlebographic visualisation offers the highest spatial resolution of all imaging methods both in respect of veins of the leg and pelvis and of the abdomen. Phlebography offers optimal conditions for assessing morphological changes at the veins and in their direct neighbourhood. No quantitative information is available via phlebography if haemodynamics are disturbed; qualitative information is yielded merely to a restricted extent (by assessing flow velocity and collaterals). Direct sanguinous measurement of venous blood pressure is particularly suitable for the quantitative and qualitative assessment of disturbed haemodynamic conditions; in this respect it stands out among the function tests based on the employment of apparatures. If it is combined with phlebography, it is possible not only to optimise the diagnostic yield in the hands of one investigator, but also to reduce the invasiveness of both methods to one single puncture, since the puncture needle is at the same time also an instrument to measure the pressure. The article points out the possibilities and limitations of combining a) ascending phlebography of the leg and pelvis with peripheral venous pressure measurement (phlebodynamometry) and b) visualisation of the veins of the pelvis and vena cava inferior with central sanguinous venous pressure measurement (CP). Indicatious and technical execution are described.

  4. Perbaikan Metode Penghitungan Debit Sungai Menggunakan Cubic Spline Interpolation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi I. Setiawan

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Makalah ini menyajikan perbaikan metode pengukuran debit sungai menggunakan fungsi cubic spline interpolation. Fungi ini digunakan untuk menggambarkan profil sungai secara kontinyu yang terbentuk atas hasil pengukuran jarak dan kedalaman sungai. Dengan metoda baru ini, luas dan perimeter sungai lebih mudah, cepat dan tepat dihitung. Demikian pula, fungsi kebalikannnya (inverse function tersedia menggunakan metode. Newton-Raphson sehingga memudahkan dalam perhitungan luas dan perimeter bila tinggi air sungai diketahui. Metode baru ini dapat langsung menghitung debit sungaimenggunakan formula Manning, dan menghasilkan kurva debit (rating curve. Dalam makalah ini dikemukaan satu canton pengukuran debit sungai Rudeng Aceh. Sungai ini mempunyai lebar sekitar 120 m dan kedalaman 7 m, dan pada saat pengukuran mempunyai debit 41 .3 m3/s, serta kurva debitnya mengikuti formula: Q= 0.1649 x H 2.884 , dimana Q debit (m3/s dan H tinggi air dari dasar sungai (m.

  5. Determinants of debit cards acceptance: An empirical investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismail, Shafinar; Bakri, Mohamed Hariri; Zulkepli, Jafri; Adnan, Azimah; Azizi, Amsyar

    2014-12-01

    These days, most of the Malaysians realize that the consumption of debit card will help them to reduce the household debt. Thus, it is important to analyse the acceptance of debit cards for further enhancement and expanding its market share in Malaysia. In addition, there is lacked of research being conducted on the determinants affecting the acceptance of debit cards among Malaysians. Thus, the study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the acceptance of debit cards. This study focuses on payment methods, consumer attitude, and safety of debit card in acceptance of debit cards. Questionnaires were distributed to the 300 respondents. The sampling procedure adopted was stratified random sampling. The data obtained were analysed using SPSS 20.0 which involves scale reliability, descriptive and regression analysis. The result indicates that payment methods, consumer attitude and safety are the determinants of debit cards acceptance. Safety is the best predictor as most of the customers are confidents to use debit cards because of the security being developed around these debit card transactions. The analyses presented in this study can be used by policymakers and managers as a guide to promote banking products and services. The findings achieved in this study will be of interest for practitioners and academics concerned with developments of the Malaysian banking industry.

  6. Determinants of debit cards acceptance: An empirical investigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ismail, Shafinar; Adnan, Azimah; Azizi, Amsyar [Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Melaka 75300 (Malaysia); Bakri, Mohamed Hariri [Faculty of Technology Management And Technopreneurship, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, Melaka 76100 (Malaysia); Zulkepli, Jafri [Faculty of Quantitative Science, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok Kedah (Malaysia)

    2014-12-04

    These days, most of the Malaysians realize that the consumption of debit card will help them to reduce the household debt. Thus, it is important to analyse the acceptance of debit cards for further enhancement and expanding its market share in Malaysia. In addition, there is lacked of research being conducted on the determinants affecting the acceptance of debit cards among Malaysians. Thus, the study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the acceptance of debit cards. This study focuses on payment methods, consumer attitude, and safety of debit card in acceptance of debit cards. Questionnaires were distributed to the 300 respondents. The sampling procedure adopted was stratified random sampling. The data obtained were analysed using SPSS 20.0 which involves scale reliability, descriptive and regression analysis. The result indicates that payment methods, consumer attitude and safety are the determinants of debit cards acceptance. Safety is the best predictor as most of the customers are confidents to use debit cards because of the security being developed around these debit card transactions. The analyses presented in this study can be used by policymakers and managers as a guide to promote banking products and services. The findings achieved in this study will be of interest for practitioners and academics concerned with developments of the Malaysian banking industry.

  7. Etude exploratoire des conceptions de la circulation sanguine aupres d'eleves de l'ordre collegial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robitaille, Jean-Marc

    Il existe peu d'etudes sur les conceptions touchant les domaines de la biologie, notamment sur les conceptions de la circulation sanguine Nous avons observe egalement l'absence de recherche menee aupres d'eleves de l'ordre collegial sur cette question. Nous avons voulu combler une lacune en menant une recherche sur les conceptions de la circulation sanguine aupres d'eleves de l'ordre collegial. Pour mener cette recherche nous nous sommes inspires d'une methode developpee par Treagust (1988). Le premier niveau de formulation didactique etablit l'architecture du systeme et la fonction nutritive de la circulation. Le second niveau de formulation didactique decrit et relie les parametres de la dynamique de la circulation et leur relation: Pression, Debit et Resistance. Le troisieme niveau de formulation didactique s'interesse au controle de la circulation du sang dans un contexte d'homeostasie qui implique la regulation de la pression arterielle. Nous avons construit un questionnaire en nous guidant sur les niveaux de formulation didactique et l'analyse des entrevues menees aupres de dix-huit eleves, representatifs de la population cible. Ce questionnaire fut administre a un echantillon de 2300 eleves disperses dans six colleges de la region de Montreal. Notre echantillon comprend des eleves inscrits a des programmes de l'ordre collegial en Sciences de la nature et en Techniques de la sante et qui n'ont pas suivi le cours sur la circulation sanguine. Notre analyse des reponses des eleves de notre echantillon aux questions sur le premier niveau de formulation didactique revele que la majorite des eleves considerent que le systeme circulatoire relie les organes les uns aux autres dans un circuit en serie. Notre analyse revele egalement que la majorite des eleves estiment que les nutriments sont extraits du sang par les organes selon un processus de selection base sur les besoins determines par la fonction de l'organe. Ces besoins sont differents selon les organes qui ne

  8. 75 FR 81721 - Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    .... II. Overview of the Debit Card Industry Over the past several decades, there have been significant... slow growth during the 1980s and early 1990s, debit card transaction volume began to grow very rapidly... transactions for hotel stays or car rentals, where the exact amount of the transaction is not known at the time...

  9. Credit and Debit Card Usage and Cash Flow Management Control ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    understanding on the impact of use of debit and credit cards on customers‟ ... credit cards in developing countries which are yet to advance in technology. ... Their study attributed the expectations of future financial positions as a major.

  10. 18 CFR 367.1860 - Account 186, Miscellaneous deferred debits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Debits § 367.1860 Account 186, Miscellaneous... ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING...

  11. The Growth Potential of Debit Cards in Singapore

    OpenAIRE

    Heng, Deborah

    2010-01-01

    This paper starts by examining the evolution of the Singapore payments system from a historical perspective by reviewing the institutional evolution, as well as the development and adoption of some of the newest payment instruments. Two major trends in recent Singapore payment history are revealed, i.e. cash and check payments are being displaced by credit and debit card and other electronic mode of payments and usage of debit cards is seeing significant growth. From the literature revie...

  12. Measurement of global and separate renal blood flow with cinetomodensitometry; Mesure du debit sanguin renal global et separe par la cine-tomodensitometrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Froissart, M.; Archambaud, F.; Hernigou, A.; Prigent, A.; Paillard, M. [Hopital Broussais, 75 - Paris (France)

    1994-12-01

    EBCT flow study offers a promising new approach to measure the renal blood flow. In vitro and in vivo studies were performed to resolve methodological problems such as checking the linear relation between contrast concentration and Hounsfield units or determination of the Threshold used for the mapping. First measurements of renal volumes and flow performed in patients showed expected values. (authors). 55 refs., 1 tab.

  13. 77 FR 37892 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; Electronic Debit Payment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ... Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; Electronic Debit Payment Option for Student Loans SUMMARY: The Preauthorized Debit Account (PDA) Application is used to establish... records. Title of Collection: Electronic Debit Payment Option for Student Loans. OMB Control Number:...

  14. 31 CFR 363.38 - What happens if my financial institution returns an ACH debit?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... TreasuryDirect § 363.38 What happens if my financial institution returns an ACH debit? If your designated financial institution returns an ACH debit, we reserve the right to reinitiate the debit at our option. We.... We are not responsible for any fees your financial institution may charge relating to returned ACH...

  15. Organisation de la transfusion Sanguine Thérapeutique : Etude des modalités alternatives de la transfusion sanguine hérapeutique organisable en ambulatoire

    OpenAIRE

    Buthion, Valérie; Denechaud, Clémence; Remonnay, Raphaël

    2009-01-01

    233p; Ce rapport présente les résultats d'une recherche pilote sur l'organisation d'un soin de santé, la transfusion sanguine thérapeutique. Majoritairement organisée au sein des services hospitalier, elle peut être assurer dans des conditions de sécurité satisfaisante dans des centres de santé ou à domicile avec des équipes mobile. Pourtant, les grands centres hospitaliers sont majoritaires dans sa prise en charge, malgré des demandes répétées, notamment de l'Etablissement Français du Sang, ...

  16. Malignant gliomas; Gliomes cerebraux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haberer, S.; Assouline, A.; Mazeron, J.J. [Service d' oncologie radiotherapique, centre des tumeurs, groupe hospitalier Pitie-Salpetriere, 75 - Paris (France)

    2010-07-01

    Glial tumors represent 2000 to 3000 new cases per year in France and 75% of them are of high grade. Recent understanding of the molecular biology of these tumors revealed the importance of 1p19q co-deletion and mgMT promoter methylation. Radiotherapy also recently evolved with the progress in medical imaging which allows a better definition of the target volumes. Even modest, therapeutic progress is based on chemoradiotherapy with temozolomide and on the development of non-coplanar conformational radiotherapy. Knowledge and precise evaluation of potential late effects of our treatments is necessary due to actual improvement of survival with chemoradiotherapy in glioblastoma. (authors)

  17. 31 CFR 370.22 - What requirements apply to a financial institution that debits a deposit account?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... financial institution that debits a deposit account? 370.22 Section 370.22 Money and Finance: Treasury... Entries § 370.22 What requirements apply to a financial institution that debits a deposit account? A financial institution that debits a deposit account upon receiving a debit initiated by us agrees to the...

  18. 76 FR 43477 - Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-20

    ... initiated at an automated teller machine (ATM), including cash withdrawals and balance transfers initiated at an ATM. In issuing the standards and prescribing regulations for the adjustment, the Board must... data-security costs expended by each party involved in the electronic debit transactions (including...

  19. 77 FR 46258 - Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-03

    ... automated teller machines (ATM). \\2\\ 76 FR 43394, 43394 (Jul. 20, 2011). Regulation II is set forth in 12... transactions may be reduced; (4) the fraud-prevention and data-security costs expended by each party involved... activities; maintaining consumer and merchant confidence in the security of electronic debit transactions...

  20. Do Consumers Pay More Using Debit Cards than Cash?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Runnemark, Emma; Hedman, Jonas; Xiao, Xiao

    We conduct an incentivized experiment to test whether the willingness to pay is higher for debit cards compared to cash for three consumer products. Our findings support this conjecture also after controlling for cash availability, spending type, price familiarity and consumption habits of the pr...

  1. Do Consumers Pay More Using Debit Cards than Cash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Runnemark, Emma; Hedman, Jonas; Xiao, Xiao

    2015-01-01

    We conduct an incentivized experiment to study the effect of the payment method on spending. We find that the willingness to pay is higher when subjects pay with debit cards compared to cash. The result is robust to controlling for cash-on-hand constraints, spending type, price familiarity and co...

  2. RESEARCES REGARDING THE SANGUINE CORTISOL EVOLUTION, AS BIOCHEMICAL INDEX, IN SPORT HORSES IN COMPLETE HORSE TRIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EUGENIA ŞOVĂREL

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Using the horse for sport activities needs a good training and an optimization ofphysical and psychical qualities, both contributing to achieve the wantedperformances. Physical effort impose to the horse in different competitions is a stresssituation, fact which induce an endocrine answer, materialised through increasingthe sanguine levels of some hormones and decreasing of others. The purpose of thisstudy was to verify if the training and the effort intensity is reflected in the sanguinecortisol behaviour in sport horses.

  3. RE-ENGINEERING BUSINESS-PROCESS OF MANAGING DEBIT LIABILITIES OF RESOURCE-SUPPLYING COMPANIES

    OpenAIRE

    Salov, A.; Maslov, V.

    2014-01-01

    Analysis of business-process of managing debit liabilities of resource-supplying companies has been carried out. We have outlined special features of working with debit liabilities of private customers during the process of organizing marketing activity. Criterions of classifying debtors according to characteristics of the existing debt from the point of relation between volume, liquidity of debit liability and the consumed resources have been formulated. We have studied the basic content of ...

  4. THE EFFECTS OF VEGETABLE LECITHIN ON SOME SANGUINE BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS AT LACTATING SHEEP AND GOATS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. DRINCEANU

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available From a complex experiment of establishing the effects of lecithin supplemented in the diet of small ruminants, in this paper we present the influence of lecithin on some sanguine biochemical parameters at lactating sheep and goat. The researches were made on a experimental group formed by 5 sheep from łurcana breed and 5 goats from Crapatina breed, which were fed in the first experimental period with a base ratio (Br formed by 1.5 kg of hill hay and 0.2 kg concentrate forage mixture, in the second experimental period the Br was supplemented with 100 g lecithin/day/animal. At the end of each experimental period were taken blood samples to establish some biochemical parameters from sanguine serum. The supplementation of base ration with 100 g lecithin/day/animal at lactating sheep and goats did not produced significant changes to values of total proteins (TS, albumin, creatinine, urea and total bilirubins (TB from sanguine serum. Contrary to expectation the cholesterol and triglycerides were higher than normal both in sheep (from 82 mg/dl to 83 mg/dl for cholesterol and from 23 mg/dl to 45 mg/dl for triglycerides but specially in goats (from 59 mg/dl to 68 mg/dl for cholesterol and from 24 mg/dl to 55 mg/dl for triglycerides. Were registered significant increment of activity of alkaline phosphatase and in γ – GT and a decrease of plasmatic activity of pancreatic α-amylase both in sheep and goats.

  5. 77 FR 52319 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Federal Student Aid; Electronic Debit Payment Option for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-29

    ... Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Federal Student Aid; Electronic Debit Payment Option for Student Loans SUMMARY: The Preauthorized Debit Account (PDA) Application is used to establish electronic... records. Title of Collection: Electronic Debit Payment Option for Student Loans. OMB Control Number:...

  6. 77 FR 52703 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Federal Student Aid; Electronic Debit Payment Option for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-30

    ... Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Federal Student Aid; Electronic Debit Payment Option for Student Loans SUMMARY: The Preauthorized Debit Account (PDA) Application is used to establish electronic... records. Title of Collection: Electronic Debit Payment Option for Student Loans. OMB Control Number:...

  7. 77 FR 10958 - International Services Surveys: BE-150, Quarterly Survey of Cross-Border Credit, Debit, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ..., Quarterly Survey of Cross-Border Credit, Debit, and Charge Card Transactions AGENCY: Bureau of Economic... on the BE-150, Quarterly Survey of Cross-Border Credit, Debit, and Charge Card Transactions, to... number (PIN). PIN-based debit network companies will be required to report on cross- border...

  8. Composition of Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck cv «Maltaise demi-sanguine» juice. A comparison between organic and conventional farming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Letaief, Hend; Zemni, Hassen; Mliki, Ahmed; Chebil, Samir

    2016-03-01

    Juices from conventionally and organically grown Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck cv. Maltaise demi-sanguine blood orange were investigated for quality parameters and antioxidant capacity. This blood orange variety is particularly rich in linoleic, linolenic acids, vitamin C and phenolic compounds. The quantitative determination of these compounds in cv. Maltaise demi-sanguine juice produced under conventional and organic agricultural practices revealed significant differences. The organically grown fruits contained more hesperidin and total fatty acids amounts as well as a higher sugar content and a lower acidity. Conventionally-grown fruit was found to have an increase in antioxidant capacity. In addition to having higher antioxidant activity conventionally-grown fruit had an observed increase in the concentration of phenolic acids and most flavonoids. The results of this study indicated that organically-grown Maltaise demi-sanguine juice contained an increased concentration of hesperidin which has been observed to possess biological activities associated with a healthy life.

  9. The Criminal Offense of Credit/Debit Card Fraud and the Implementation of Its Sanction on Indonesian Criminal Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonius Maria Laot Kian

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the study are to determine the legal arrangements and the application of criminal sanctions against the crime of credit/debit card fraud in Indonesia. The type of study was a normative research by classifying the provisions relevant to the crime of credit/debit card fraud is based on Law No. 11 Year 2008 concerning Information and Electronic Transactions; otherwise it is used also Convention on Cyber crime 2001. Analysis of legal materials made through a law (statue approach to create an ius constituendum regarding the application of criminal sanctions against crime credit/debit card fraud. The results of the research indicated that the legal arrangements and criminal sanctions against the crime of credit/debit card fraud in Indonesia is still relatively minimal. First, not integrated article that directly regulates computer related fraud. Second, not arranged in the form of criminal sanctions for actions that are restitution culprit.

  10. Limitations of on-site dairy farm regulatory debits as milk quality predictors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borneman, Darand L; Stiegert, Kyle; Ingham, Steve

    2015-03-01

    In the United States, compliance with grade A raw fluid milk regulatory standards is assessed via laboratory milk quality testing and by on-site inspection of producers (farms). This study evaluated the correlation between on-site survey debits being marked and somatic cell count (SCC) or standard plate count (SPC) laboratory results for 1,301 Wisconsin grade A dairy farms in 2012. Debits recorded on the survey form were tested as predictors of laboratory results utilizing ordinary least squares regression to determine if results of the current method for on-site evaluation of grade A dairy farms accurately predict SCC and SPC test results. Such a correlation may indicate that current methods of on-site inspection serve the primary intended purpose of assuring availability of high-quality milk. A model for predicting SCC was estimated using ordinary least squares regression methods. Step-wise selected regressors of grouped debit items were able to predict SCC levels with some degree of accuracy (adjusted R2=0.1432). Specific debit items, seasonality, and farm size were the best predictors of SCC levels. The SPC data presented an analytical challenge because over 75% of the SPC observations were at or below a 25,000 cfu/mL threshold but were recorded by testing laboratories as at the threshold value. This classic censoring problem necessitated the use of a Tobit regression approach. Even with this approach, prediction of SPC values based on on-site survey criteria was much less successful (adjusted R2=0.034) and provided little support for the on-site survey system as a way to inform farmers about making improvements that would improve SPC. The lower level of correlation with SPC may indicate that factors affecting SPC are more varied and differ from those affecting SCC. Further, unobserved deficiencies in postmilking handling and storage sanitation could enhance bacterial growth and increase SPC, whereas postmilking sanitation will have no effect on SCC because

  11. KORELASI PADAT TEBAR DAN DEBIT AIR DALAM TEKNIK PENDEDERAN BENIH UDANG GALAH (Macrobrachium rosenbergii SECARA INTENSIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wartono Hadie

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Riset ini dilaksanakan untuk mengetahui korelasi antara padat tebar dan debit air dalam teknik pendederan udang galah. Riset dilakukan dengan menggunakan bak ukuran 4 m x 2 m x 0,75 m yang mempunyai sistem air mengalir. Perlakuan yang diaplikasikan adalah padat tebar dalam tiga tingkatan yaitu 250, 500, dan 750 ekor/m2 yang dikombinasikan dengan tiga tingkat debit air yaitu 0,010; 0,020; dan 0,030 liter/detik/m2. Setiap perlakuan dilakukan dengan 3 ulangan. Udang galah dalam penelitian ini adalah PL-44 dengan ukuran 0,04 g. Pendederan udang galah dilaksanakan selama 40 hari. Hasil riset menunjukkan bahwa terdapat interaksi antara variabel padat tebar dan debit air. Variabel debit air memberikan kontribusi sebesar 57% dan variabel padat tebar mempunyai kontribusi 18% dalam mendukung sintasan benih udang galah. Hasil terbaik dicapai oleh perlakuan padat tebar 500 ekor/m2 dan debit air 0,030 liter/detik/m2 dengan laju pertumbuhan harian udang mencapai rata-rata 2,84% dan sintasan sebesar 89,6% selama 40 hari masa pemeliharaan. The research aim was to evaluate the correlation between fry density and water flow rate in the nursery of giant prawn. The experiment was conducted in concrete tanks. The treatment consisted of three levels, 250, 500, and 750 fry/m2 and combination of three levels of water flow, i.e. 0.010, 0.020, and 0.030 litre/second/m2. Three replications were used in each treatments. The prawn fry were PL-14 with 0.04 g of average weight. The research was conducted for 40 days of post-larvae rearing. Result of this experiment showed that there was interaction between density and water flow. The data analysis indicated that there were 57% contribution of water flow and 18% of fry density to survival rate of giant prawn. The best result was showed by the density of 500 fry/m2 and water flow of 0.030 litre/second/m2. The specimen have specific growth rate of 2.84% and survival rate of 89.6% for 40 days of rearing.

  12. Systeme microfluidique d'analyse sanguine en temps reel pour l'imagerie moleculaire chez le petit animal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Convert, Laurence

    De nouveaux radiotraceurs sont continuellement développés pour améliorer l'efficacité diagnostique en imagerie moléculaire, principalement en tomographie d'émission par positrons (TEP) et en tomographie d'émission monophotonique (TEM) dans les domaines de l'oncologie, de la cardiologie et de la neurologie. Avant de pouvoir être utilisés chez les humains, ces radiotraceurs doivent être caractérisés chez les petits animaux, principalement les rats et les souris. Pour cela, de nombreux échantillons sanguins doivent être prélevés et analysés (mesure de radioactivité, séparation de plasma, séparation d'espèces chimiques), ce qui représente un défi majeur chez les rongeurs à cause de leur très faible volume sanguin (˜1,4 ml pour une souris). Des solutions fournissant une analyse partielle sont présentées dans la littérature, mais aucune ne permet d'effectuer toutes les opérations dans un même système. Les présents travaux de recherche s'insèrent dans le contexte global d'un projet visant à développer un système microfluidique d'analyse sanguine complète en temps réel pour la caractérisation des nouveaux radiotraceurs TEP et TEM. Un cahier des charges a tout d'abord été établi et a permis de fixer des critères quantitatifs et qualitatifs à respecter pour chacune des fonctions de la puce. La fonction de détection microfluidique a ensuite été développée. Un état de l'art des travaux ayant déjà combiné la microfluidique et la détection de radioactivité a permis de souligner qu'aucune solution existante ne répondait aux critères du projet. Parmi les différentes technologies disponibles, des microcanaux en résine KMPR fabriqués sur des détecteurs semiconducteurs de type p-i-n ont été identifiés comme une solution technologique pour le projet. Des détecteurs p-i-n ont ensuite été fabriqués en utilisant un procédé standard. Les performances encourageantes obtenues ont mené à initier un projet de ma

  13. Optimal dividend control for a generalized risk model with investment incomes and debit interest

    CERN Document Server

    Zhu, Jinxia

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates dividend optimization of an insurance corporation under a more realistic model which takes into consideration refinancing or capital injections. The model follows the compound Poisson framework with credit interest for positive reserve, and debit interest for negative reserve. Ruin occurs when the reserve drops below the critical value. The company controls the dividend pay-out dynamically with the objective to maximize the expected total discounted dividends until ruin. We show that that the optimal strategy is a band strategy and it is optimal to pay no dividends when the reserve is negative.

  14. Direct Student Loans: Additional Steps Would Increase Borrowers' Awareness of Electronic Debiting and Reduce Federal Administrative Costs. Report to the Honorable James M. Jeffords, U.S. Senate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashby, Cornelia M.

    In November 1999, the U.S. Department of Education began offering a 0.25% interest rate reduction to borrowers under the Direct Loan program who agree to have their monthly loan payments automatically withdrawn from a bank account through its electronic debit account (EDA) program. The Department of Education submitted a justification to the…

  15. A new type of discrepancy between cerebral blood flow measured with {sup 133}Xe and HmPAO-{sup 99}Tc perfusion; Discordances entre la mesure du debit sanguin cerebral au xenon 133 et de la perfusion cerebrale au HmPAO {sup 99m}Tc: un nouveau cas de figure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steinling, M.; Amegassi, F.; Mazingue, A.; Rousseaux, M. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, 59 - Lille (France)

    2000-09-01

    We report a clinical case of a new type of discrepancy between two tracers usable for brain functional imaging: the Xenon 133 and the HmPAO-{sup 99m}Tc. A 66 year old men had presented a brutal left hemiplegia with transient troubles of consciousness in relation with a right protuberant infarct without hemispheric lesions. The functional studies were performed 4 months after the onset, successively by the Xe inhalation method and immediately after the HmPAO study. On a patient kept still on the camera bed when cerebral blood flow (CBF) study depicted both a right cerebellar low flow and a slightly decreased CBF in the controlateral hemisphere ('hemispheric diaschisis'), the HmPAO SPECT was normal. This observation illustrates both the crossed hemispheric diaschisis and a new type of discrepancy: indeed, the known cases were until now in relation with alterations of the blood: brain barrier, which doses not exist in our report. The explanation of this type of discrepancy remains unclear but is probably linked with the HMPAO retention mechanisms. (author)

  16. Upon the Modeling and the Optimization of the Debiting Process through Computer Aided Non-Conventional Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiberiu Marius Karnyanszky

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available he debiting process of the remarkable properties materials can be managed through unconventional technologies as the complex electrical erosion. This paper presents the mathematical modeling and simulation of a particular processing to establish the shortest cutting time and the better surface quality based on the best combination of input parameters. This paper presents the modeling of the previous experimental results to obtain a mathematical dependence of the output parameters (processing time, surface quality on the input parameters (voltage or current. All the experimental data are memorized on a database and for each particular debiting process a new dependence is built. The previous results database is built using personal experiments and results presented in references. These results were obtained using a research scheduler and a computer-based application organizes these results into a database separated on different mechanical processes, work conditions, materials, devices. All the experiments applied in the Romanian laboratories or practical applications of the nonconventional technological processes in the factories were based on the particular conditions of one activity. This papers presents the technical implementation of a computer-aided solution that keeps all previous experimental data, optimizes the processing conditions and eventual manage the driving gear. The flow-chart we present in this paper offers a solution for practitioners to reduce the electrical consumption while a technological processing of special materials is necessary. The computer program and the database can be easily adapted to any technological processes (conventional or not. No general available mathematical formulas for the dependency of the output parameters on the input ones are yet presented. The software we developed uses interpolation to determine the best polynomial or exponential equation and offers the combination of input values to minimize the

  17. Studi Eksperimental Pengaruh Variasi Temperatur dan Debit Thermal Oil Sebagai Heater Generator Terhadap Performansi Mesin Pendingin Difusi Absorpsi R22-DMF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Aryanto

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Sistem pendingin saat ini sudah menjadi salah satu kebutuhan yang sangat penting untuk menunjang berbagai aktifitas manusia. Salah satu teknologi pendinginan yang ada saat ini adalah sistem refrijerasi difusi absorpsi atau DAR (Diffusion Absorption Refrigeration. Sistem ini menggunakan generator untuk menjalankan sistemnya sebagai pengganti kompresor pada sistem kompresi uap. Pada penelitian ini digunakan thermal oil yang dipanaskan dengan menggunakan electric heater sebagai sumber panas pada generator.  Fluida kerja yang digunakan dalam sistem adalah pasangan refrijeran-absorben R22-DMF (Dimethylformamide dengan konsentrasi massa 60%-40% serta gas hidrogen sebagai gas inert. Pengujian sistem dilakukan dengan mengkombinasikan 3 variasi debit thermal oil yang masuk ke generator yaitu sebesar 6 liter/jam, 8 liter/jam dan 10 liter/jam dengan 3 variasi temperatur thermal oil sebesar 90ºC, 110 ºC dan 130 ºC. Hasil unjuk kerja terbaik dari sistem difusi absorpsi ini yaitu nilai COP terbesar 0.612 didapatkan pada temperatur thermal oil sebesar 130ºC dengan debit thermal oil sebesar 8 liter/jam. Untuk nilai kapasitas pendinginan terbesar diperoleh sebesar 139,1 watt, laju perpindahan panas pada generator ( 233 watt, laju perpindahan panas pada kondensor 143 watt, laju alir massa refrijeran 0.000721 kg/s serta efisiensi generator 0,233 yang didapatkan pada temperatur thermal oil sebesar 130ºC dan debit 6 liter/jam.

  18. Effect of the dry matter intake level on the sanguine profile of glucose, insulin, urea, estrogen and progesterone and concentration of IGF-I in the follicular liquid of crossbred heifers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Paulo Rigolon

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to study effect of the dry matter intake level on the concentrations of glucose, insulin, urea, estrogen and progesterone in the blood and the level of IGF-I in the follicular liquid of heifers. Twenty seven crossbred heifers were used, in three treatments: 1.2, 1.6 and 2.6% of the live weight of dry matter intake (DMI daily. The sanguine concentrations of glucose and estrogen were higher in the animals with 1.6% of DMI and the insulin levels were higher in the animals with 2.6% of DMI. There was an increase in the sanguine levels of urea with the increase of the DMI. There was no effect of the DMI on the progesterone levels in the sanguine plasma collected from the jugular. The progesterone levels in caudal vena were higher in the animals with 2.6% of DMI. There was no effect of the DMI on the follicular levels of IGF-I.O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar o efeito do nível de ingestão de matéria seca (IMS/% do PV sobre as concentrações sanguíneas de glicose, insulina, urea, estrógeno e progesterona e o nível de IGF-I no líquido folicular de novilhas. Vinte e sete novilhas cruzadas foram utilizadas, distribuídas em três tratamentos: 1,2%; 1,6% e 2,6% do peso vivo de ingestão de matéria seca por dia. As concentrações no plasma da veia jugular de glicose e estrógeno foram maiores nos animais com 1,6% de IMS e os níveis de insulina foram maiores nos animais com 2,6% de IMS. Houve um aumento dos níveis plasmáticos de uréia com aumento dos níveis de IMS. Não houve efeito da IMS sobre os níveis de progesterona no plasma sangüíneo coletado da jugular. No plasma sangüíneo coletado da veia cada caudal, os níveis de progesterona foram maiores (P<0,05 nos animais com 2,6% de IMS. Não houve efeito da IMS sobre os níveis foliculares de IGF-I.

  19. Perencanaan Penerapan Konsep Zero run-off dan Agroforestri Berdasarkan Kajian Debit Sungai di Sub DAS Belik, Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnellya Fitri

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS Belik merupakan salah satu Daerah Tampungan Air (DTA yang berada di daerah perkotaan Kabupaten Sleman. Akibat alih fungsi lahan pertanian menjadi lahan pemukiman yang padat menyebabkan semakin berkurangnya area resapan air hujan. Kurangnya area resapan air hujan menyebabkan kapasitas saluran drainase Sub Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS Belik pada saat hujan  tidak mampu menampung air sehingga banjir di sekitar saluran drainase terjadi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk memberikan solusi dengan menggunakan konsep zero run-off  dalam upaya  mencegah genangan banjir di perkotaan yang kurang memiliki ruang terbuka hijau dan area resapan air hujan. Kajian debit banjir yang dilakukan pada sungai Belik menggunakan metode rasional dan metode SCS CN yaitu metode yang digunakan dalam penentuan debit puncak pada satu kejadian hujan. Perhitungan debit diperlukan untuk mengetahui besar limpasan maksimum pada drainase saluran DAS Belik. Metode hidrograf  SCS CN  menggunakan parameter tekstur tanah, tebal hujan, CN wilayah, retensi potensial maksimum air oleh tanah, dan kedalaman hujan efektif. Sedangkan metode rasional menggunakan parameter koefesien aliran, intensitas hujan, dan luas daerah pengaliran dalam menghitung debit limpasan. Keseluruhan hasil perhitungan kedua metode melebihi besar debit pengukuran langsung menggunakan Metode Slope Area, artinya keseluruhan hasil menunjukkan banjir atau limpasan permukaan yang melebihi kapasitas drainase.Kata kunci. Limpasan permukaan, metode SCS CN, metode rasional, zero run-off Belik Watershed is one of the Water Catchment Areas  located in urban areas of Sleman District. Land conversion from agricultural to residential area cause the descending of rain water catchment area. Lack of rain water catchment area can cause drainage channel capacity of Belik sub zone cannot hold rain water, so that flooding occurred around the drainage channel. The aim of this research is to give a way out to

  20. Evolution of glycaemia in the blood of mice in the presence or absence of imidazole; Evolution de la glycemie sanguine chez la souris protegee ou non par l'imidazole

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polverelli, M.; Teoule, R. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-07-01

    With respect to the radioprotective properties of the heterocyclic compound, imidazole, the authors followed the action of this product on blood sugar levels of mice X irradiated with a lethal dose. The main results of this work are: probably a hypo-glycemic action of the imidazole; an abolishment of the post-irradiation hyperglycemia by imidazole; an appreciably difference between male and female towards irradiation. (author) [French] Dans le cadre de l'etude des proprietes radioprotectrices de l'imidazole, nous nous sommes attaches a suivre l'action de ce produit sur le taux de glucose sanguin de souris irradiees a dose letale. Les principaux resultats de ce travail sont les suivants: l'action probablement hypoglycemiante de l'imidazole; en tant que radioprotecteur, cet heterocycle azote supprime l'hyperglycemie consecutive a l'irradiation; une difference assez sensible entre males et femelles vis-a-vis de l'irradiation. (auteur)

  1. Evolution des paramètres lipidiques sanguins chez l’homme, secondaire à l’introduction de lin, riche en acide alpha-linolénique (n-3, dans l’alimentation d’animaux destinés à la consommation humaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weill Pierre

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available L’introduction de graines de lin extrudées dans l’alimentation animale permet de modifier le régime de l’homme et en particulier le profil des acides gras des lipides sanguins dans le sens d’un enrichissement en acides gras n-3 et en acides gras conjugués. Ceci ouvre des perspectives intéressantes en termes de prévention pour se rapprocher des régimes de type crétois, sans changement des habitudes alimentaires.

  2. Séroprévalence des marqueurs viraux sur les dons du sang au Centre de Transfusion Sanguine, Hôpital Militaire d’Instruction Mohammed V de Rabat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uwingabiye, Jean; Zahid, Hafidi; Unyendje, Loubet; Hadef, Rachid

    2016-01-01

    Le but de ce travail était de déterminer la prévalence du virus de l’immunodéficience humaine (VIH), du virus de l’hépatite B (VHB) et C (VHC) sur les dons du sang collectés au Centre de transfusion sanguine(CTS) de l’hôpital militaire d’instruction Mohammed V entre 2010 et 2012. Etude rétrospective menée auprès des donneurs de sang militaires âgés de 18 à 50 ans avec prédominance masculine (95%). L’entretien médical pré-don constitue la première barrière de sélection des sujets à risque. Le dépistage biologique était réalisé par technique immuno-enzymatique en milieu liquide utilisant des anticorps et/ou des antigènes. L’ELISA (enzyme linked immuno-sorbent assay) combiné de quatrième génération pour VHC et VIH a été utilisé. La confirmation a été faite en réalisant la même technique en double au CTS et au laboratoire de virologie. Dans notre série de 25661 échantillons testés, la prévalence du VHB était 3,97‰ (n=102), celle de VHC était 2,45 ‰ (n=63), celle de VIH était 0,15 ‰ (n=4). Un seul cas de coïnfection (0,039 ‰) par le VHB et VHC a été noté, aucune association entre VIH-VHB, VIH-VHC ou VHB, VHC et VIH n’a été enregistrée. Les taux faibles de séroprévalence des marqueurs viraux de notre étude montrent l’amélioration des mesures préventives en ce qui concerne la sélection des donneurs et des tests de dépistage. Cette prévalence constatée incite à maintenir l’utilisation du réactif combiné qui est la seule alternative à la biologie moléculaire pour les pays en voie de développement. PMID:28292147

  3. PERCENTAGE OF SANGUIN GROUP (ABO, RH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Mirdamadi

    1978-09-01

    Full Text Available The ABO and Rh Blood groups of 9753 pregnant women were determined in the Amin Maternity Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, from March 23, 1976 to July 11, 1977. Their ABO blood group frequencies were calculated as follows: 0=38.20%, A=30.67%, B=23.84% and AB=7.26%. Also, 90.02% of the women were Rh positive and the rest, namely, 9.98% were Rh negative.

  4. Bilingualism--A Sanguine Step in ELT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anil, Beena

    2014-01-01

    Bilingualism can be used as a teaching aid in teaching and learning English language in an Indian classroom and to improve the language accuracy, fluency, and clarity of learners. Bilingualism can aid the teaching and learning process productively in the classroom. In India, most of the students consider English as a subject rather than a tool of…

  5. Studi Numerik Variasi Pemilihan Gas Accumulator Untuk Pencegahan Water Hammer Pada Sistem Perpipaan Sepanjang 1 Kilometer dan Debit Aliran 800 GPM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anindika Bagus Pradana

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Sistem jaringan perpipaan sangat penting dalam menunjang produksi pada bidang industri. Jaringan perpipaan mengalami beberapa fenomena seperti distribusi fluida dan water hammer. Water hammer sering terjadi di daerah discharge pompa saat pengoperasian dan gagalnya beroperasinya pompa. Water hammer dapat merusak jaringan perpipaan. Fenomena water hammer dapat terjadi hampir di setiap sistem instalasi perpipaan. Fenomena ini mempunyai dampak buruk apabila sistem perpipaan tersebut tidak memperhatikan akibat dari water hammer. Fenomena dalam sistem perpipaan mempunyai dampak negatif dengan selang waktu tertentu, water hammer adalah fenomena dimana dampak yang ditimbulkan terjadi seketika itu juga. Penanggulangan yang tidak tepat terhadap dampak tersebut dapat mengakibatkan instalasi tersebut harus dimatikan (shutdown. Pada simulasi ini digunakan sistem instalasi perpipaan dengan panjang 1 kilometer dan debit aliran 800 gpm.Pada sistem instalasi ini memiliki rangkaian pompa tunggal yang dilengkapi dengan gas accumulator di sisi discharge pompa. Ketika terjadi perubahan flow rate yang menyebabkan pompa beroprasi atau gagal beroprasi akan menimbulkan fenomena water hammer.Penelitian dilakukan secara numerik menggunakan software AFT Impulse 4.0. Water hammer dapat diminimalisi dengan memasang gas accumulator pada daerah dekat discharge pompa. Variasi gas accumulator adalah gas accumulator merk NOK tipe AT 175-20 dengan volume maksimum 20 liter, tipe AT 210-60 dengan volume maksimum 60 liter dan tipe AT 230-120 dengan volume maksimum 100 liter. Hasil yang didapatkan pada simulasi menunjukan pada jarak 4 meter dari rumah pompa masing-masing P max dan P min  untuk sistem perpipaan dengan simulasi proses trip pompa tanpa proteksi water hammer adalah 1729 Kpa dan 381 Kpa, untuk sistem perpipaan dengan gas accumulator volume setting 20 liter adalah 1228 Kpa dan 927 Kpa, untuk sistem perpipaan dengan gas accumulator volume setting 60 liter adalah 1161 Kpa

  6. 不同类型贫困农户借贷行为比较——基于湖南邵阳县农户信贷行为调查%Comparison on Debit and Credit of Different Types of Poor Farmers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘庆丰

    2011-01-01

    Sample survey is carried out for 212 poor farmers in 4 towns of Shaoyang County in Hunan. Farmers are divided into survival poor farmers, living poor fanners and relative poor farmers, and classified research are carried out. The results show that there are differences in the aspects of debit and credit level, debit and credit use and debit and credit sources. Finally, corresponding suggestions are proposed for different types of poor farmers.%抽样调查了湖南部阳县4个乡镇的212户贫困农户,将样本农户分为生存型贫困农户、生活型贫困农户和相对贪困农户,并进行了分类研究.结果表明,不同类型的贫困农户在借贷水平、借贷用途和借贷来源方面存在差异.针对不同类型的贫困农户,提出了相应的政策建议.

  7. Count rate balance method of measuring sediment transport of sand beds by radioactive tracers; Methode du bilan des taux de comptage d'indicateurs radioactifs pour la determination du debit de charriage des lits sableux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sauzay, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, 91 - Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-11-01

    Radioactive tracers are applied to the direct measurement of the sediment transport rate of sand beds. The theoretical measurement formula is derived: the variation of the count rate balance is inverse of that of the transport thickness. Simultaneously the representativeness of the tracer is critically studied. The minimum quantity of tracer which has to be injected in order to obtain a correct statistical definition of count rate given by a low number of grains 'seen' by the detector is then studied. A field experiment was made and has let to study the technological conditions for applying this method: only the treatment of results is new, the experiment itself is carried out with conventional techniques applied with great care. (author) [French] Les indicateurs radioactifs sont appliques a la mesure directe du debit de charriage des lits sableux. On etablit la formule theorique de mesure: le bilan des taux de comptage varie en sens inverse de l'epaisseur de charriage. Parallelement on fait une etude critique de la representativite de l'indicateur, puis on determine la quantite minimale de traceur qu'il faut immerger pour que les taux de comptage fournis pour un faible nombre de grains 'vus' par le detecteur aient une definition statistique correcte. Une experience de terrain a permis d'etudier les conditions technologiques de cette methode: seul le depouillement des resultats est nouveau. L'experimentation in-situ se fait suivant les procedes classiques avec un tres grand soin. (auteur)

  8. Validación de técnicas para detección de sangre, sangre humana y grupo sanguíneo ABO en diferentes soportes y condiciones con fines forenses Validation of techniques for detection of blood, human blood and sanguineous group ABO under different supports and conditions with forensic purposes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MR. Villegas

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Las manchas encontradas en la escena del crimen se han constituido como elemento esencial en la resolución de investigaciones judiciales. Establecer su origen y grupo sanguíneo aporta información útil en el proceso de inclusión o exclusión de sospechosos o víctimas. En este estudio se evaluaron pruebas presuntivas de Piramidón, Luminol y Fenolftaleina con el fin de determinar su sensibilidad e interferencia frente a diferentes condiciones de soporte, temperatura, tiempo y ambiente. Además se evaluaron las mismas condiciones para los test de Takayama, Inhibición de la aglutinación y Absorción-elución que determinan el origen de la sangre y tipifican su grupo sanguíneo. Tanto las pruebas presuntivas como las confirmatorias no se ven afectadas en su mayoría al variar los soportes, la temperatura o las condiciones ambientales bajo las cuales fueron almacenadas. Respecto a la sensibilidad se encontró que en las pruebas presuntivas es alta en contraposición a las confirmatorias que requieren de muestras que no hayan sido sometidas a diluciones o lavados.Blood stains found at the scene of the crime have become an essential element when solving judicial investigations. To establish its origin and sanguineous group contributes to useful information in the inclusion process or exclusion of suspects or victims. In our study, we examined the Pyramidone, Luminol, and Phenolphthalein presumptive tests in order to establish their sensitivity (with different degrees of interference and in different support, temperature, time, and storage conditions. The same was carried out to evaluate the agglutination inhibition, absorption-elution and Takayama tests, also used to establish blood origin and type group. In general terms, both the presumptive and the confirmatory tests were not affected in the different supports, temperature, time, and storage conditions we used. As far as sensitivity is concerned, we found that the presumptive tests remained

  9. Looking at Debit and Credit Card Fraud

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porkess, Roger; Mason, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    This article, written jointly by a mathematician and a barrister, looks at some of the statistical issues raised by court cases based on fraud involving chip and PIN cards. It provides examples and insights that statistics teachers should find helpful. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)

  10. Credit checksVS.debit balances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正> Lu Qian, a business manager in a Beijing company, faced legal pro ceedings because he failed to make the mortgage loan payments on his newly-purchased house for several months in succession.Lu stopped paying the amounts due to the Beijing-based Haidian branch of China Construction Bank in September 2002, 21 months after the latter had approved a 10-year mortgage worth 4.55 million yuan (US$ 550,000), to be repaid at the rate of 49,000 yuan (US$ 6,000) per month. Demanding the payment from Lu without success, the bank took him to

  11. Looking at Debit and Credit Card Fraud

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porkess, Roger; Mason, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    This article, written jointly by a mathematician and a barrister, looks at some of the statistical issues raised by court cases based on fraud involving chip and PIN cards. It provides examples and insights that statistics teachers should find helpful. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)

  12. Do Consumers Pay More Using Debit Cards than Cash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Runnemark, Emma; Hedman, Jonas; Xiao, Xiao

    2015-01-01

    and consumption habits of the products. The evidence thus suggests that different representations of money matters for consumer behavior. Such results further tease out the underlying mechanism of how payment methods influence spending behavior, which poses important implications for both consumers and merchants...

  13. 7 CFR 1767.18 - Assets and other debits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... for Uncollectible Customer Accounts—Credit 144.2Accumulated Provision for Uncollectible Merchandising... Merchandising, Jobbing, and Contract Work, or to clearing accounts for current depreciation expense. 5. Amounts... due from customers for utility service and for merchandising, jobbing, and contract work. This...

  14. 76 FR 43393 - Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-20

    ... two forms: interchange- plus pricing and blended. If an acquirer is charging an interchange- plus... pricing system should be different from the check pricing system. These commenters argued that the Board... collecting bank's service menu depending on the level of processing the collecting bank is required to do (e...

  15. «A sanguine bunch». Regional identification in Habsburg Bukovina, 1774-1919

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Drunen, H.F.

    2013-01-01

    In the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the small and easternmost crownland of Bukovina was exceptional in many ways. It was a new addition to the Imperial territory and very much a Habsburg creation: never before had the area been a separate entity. Colonisation efforts added a large number of immigrants t

  16. Les effets de l'Arnica Montana sur la coagulation sanguine. Essai clinique randomisé.

    OpenAIRE

    Baillargeon, L.; Drouin, J; Desjardins, L.; Leroux, D.; Audet, D.

    1993-01-01

    The purpose of this study, which took the form of a two-period cross-over clinical trial, was to determine whether a homeopathic substance, Arnica Montana, significantly decreased bleeding time (Simplate II) and to describe its impact on various blood coagulation tests. It was not shown that this substance had a significant impact on various parameters of blood coagulation in healthy volunteers in the period immediately following administration [corrected].

  17. Dosage du Zinc Sanguin et Plasmatique chez les Sujets Iraniens par Spectrophotometrie d'Absorption Atomique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gh. MOHTAT

    1972-07-01

    Full Text Available The value of zinc in whole blood and plasma was determined in ? 16 Iranian subjects (121 women, and 95 men by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. In women, the mean value in whole blood was 71 8•+ ?12 p.g ' -L 100ml and in plasma was 91 --'- 37 ugfl OOml. In men, the mean va lue in whole blood was 775 ..:t 26? I'giiOOml and in plasma was 100 + 30 J1g!"OOml

  18. Prediction of vascular cerebral accidents by PET T.D.M. with {sup 18}F-F.D.G; Prediction des accidents vasculaires cerebraux par la TEP -TDM vasculaire au 18F-FDG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grandpierre, S.; Chevalier, O.; Thomas, V.; Netter, F.; Meneroux, B.; Karcher, G.; Marie, P.Y. [Service de medecine nucleaire, CHU de Nancy, (France); Desandes, E. [departement d' informatique medical, centre Alexis-Vautrin, Nancy, (France)

    2009-05-15

    This study is the first to show a relationship between the vascular captation of the F.D.G. in PET and the risk of a later ischemic cerebral vascular accident. this relation seems particularly strong for the sources of the carotids junction, so that the PET with F.D.G. could be useful to evaluate the stability of atheromas injuries in this area. (N.C.)

  19. SUIVI DE LA MIGRATION D’AVALAISON DES ANGUILLES PAR UNE CONDUITE DE DEBIT RESERVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LEGAULT A.

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Le suivi de la migration catadrome de l’anguille par une conduite de débit réservé a été réalisé sur le barrage de la retenue de Bois Joli sur le Frémur (dénivelé : 13,7 m ; 3 millions de m3. Une partie des migrateurs utilise cette conduite, au début de la saison de dévalaison quand elle représente la seule voie de transit mais également plus tard, lorsque le barrage déverse et que s’ouvre ainsi une seconde voie de passage. En raison des faibles débits d’alimentation et de l’implantation de l’entrée de la conduite on peut supposer que les anguilles prospectent la retenue pour trouver une voie de transit. L’efficacité de l’équipement, qui s’établit à 12 % de la dévalaison totale, concourt donc pour une part non négligeable au transit des anguilles. La partition des débits entre les différentes voies de migration semblerait essentielle pour définir leur efficacité. Malgré l’aménagement de la conduite, on observe une mortalité de 11 % des anguilles qui l’empruntent. Elle semble essentiellement liée à l’abrasion contre les parois et le papillon de la vanne. Dans de nombreux cas, la mortalité lors du passage dans les conduites de débit réservé doit être très importante, voire totale en raison de leur configuration et de leur mode de gestion. Cette mortalité tend à réduire le nombre des géniteurs produit par le bassin versant. Les anguilles marquées qui ont franchi le barrage grâce à la conduite avant le pic de migration stoppent leur progression en aval. Elles la reprennent quelques semaines plus tard quand le barrage déverse ou l’année suivante. Ce second constat confirme les effets des retenues sur la vitesse de migration. L’utilisation des conduites de débit réservé par les anguilles d’avalaison devrait être prise en compte lors de leur conception et de leur gestion afin de réduire les risques de mortalité.

  20. THE DEBIT INFLUENCE OF THE IRRADIATION SOURCE ON SOME CYTOGENETIC PARAMETERS AT ECHINACEA PURPUREA (L. MOENCH.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Luminita Ichim

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available The treatment with gamma radiations has determined the decrease of the mitotic index and the increase of the frequency of division aberration proportionally to the increase of the irradiation dose.

  1. ANALISIS DEBIT AIR DAN AIRTANAH DANGKAL DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI (DAS PRUMPUNG, KABUPATEN TUBAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riyan Niagara

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The water demand increases in line with the growths of population, industry and business, but the water availability is ascertained to satisfy those needs continuously. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze water availability in a specified watershed integrated with various aspects in hydrology. The objective of this study were (1 to identify of landuse at Prumpung watershed,(2 to determine water availability in Prumpung watershed by analyzing the relationship of rainfall and river discharge using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT and (3 to influence government policies relation with urban planning of Tuban Regency. The watershed is located in Tuban Regency and based on urban planning of Tuban Regency 2012-2032 which is covering 22,319.14 ha. Input data were Digital Elevation Models, land use, and soil map. The procedures were including collection and process of climate data, trend analysis of water availability, discharge measurements, discharge analyze and calibration using SWAT. The results of existing landuse showed that the minimum water discharge was 0.338 m3/s to the maximum 5,945 m3/s with groundwater availability was maximum until 3,070 mm on July to September 2014. SWAT has generated 27 HRUs that described the spatial condition of the whole watershed. Calculated discharges with SWAT compared to the measured discharges having The NashSutcliffe Efficiency (NSE of 0.77 and correlation coefficient of 0.79. Conservation scenario has been conducted at several landuses for water availability and based on conservation area. The results showed that the minimum water discharge was 0.334m3/s to the maximum 4.842 m3/s with groundwater availability was maximum until 3,140 mm. There were no significant change of groundwater based on urban planning and scenario at Prumpung watershed, Tuban Regency.Identification of Prumpung watershed produced relatively small water discharge compared than water demand based urban planning of Tuban Regency. A plan of water management for exploiting of high rain fall in rainy season will contribute in consideration of the appropriate water supply/demand balance in dry season.

  2. 26 CFR 301.6311-2 - Payment by credit card and debit card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... contracts are cost beneficial to the Government. The determination of whether the contract is cost... appropriate to the size of the Government's investment or interest. The Commissioner may not pay any fee or..., additional amounts, and additions to tax. (2) Payments by electronic funds transfer other than payments by...

  3. Fuzzy algorithm used to water debit control to the secondary cooling in continuous casting process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina Cunţan

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available The relised research, reffering to human expert behaviar, show that this have a strong nonlinear behaviar, accompanied by prediction, integration, anticipation and delayed effects and even in adaptation of the real functioning process.The prominencing of languages caracterisation of process and also the interpretation based of experience in commands generation process represent the parameters which can modify the controll properties.The projected Fuzzy algorithms lead to nonlinear controllers. To determine the controlling characteristics was used: Fuzzy Controller PIC 16C74, the appropriate software and ADA 3100 data acquisition board.To obtain a best controlling precision, the process was divided in two parts: start-stop and continuous casting process. For each part was establised the base rules and the membership functions which lead to obtain the controll surfaces and statical characteristics.

  4. Fuzzy algorithm used to water debit control to the secondary cooling in continuous casting process

    OpenAIRE

    Corina Cunţan; Ioan Baciu

    2005-01-01

    The relised research, reffering to human expert behaviar, show that this have a strong nonlinear behaviar, accompanied by prediction, integration, anticipation and delayed effects and even in adaptation of the real functioning process.The prominencing of languages caracterisation of process and also the interpretation based of experience in commands generation process represent the parameters which can modify the controll properties.The projected Fuzzy algorithms lead to nonlinear controllers...

  5. 17 CFR 256.226 - Unamortized discount on long-term debt-debit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... COMMISSION (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 6. Long-Term Debt § 256.226 Unamortized discount on.... The amortization shall be on a monthly basis, with the amounts thereof charged to account...

  6. EVALUASI PENGGUNAAN LAHAN UNTUK PERKIRAAN DEBIT BANJIR RANCANGAN DI DAS CIBERANG PROVINSI BANTEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dessy Arianti

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The Infuence of landuse change causes change of the condition of flow discharge. However, the impact of this landuse change is that the rainfall has more potential to be overland flow than infiltration. The aims of this research are: (1 to assess the patterns of rainfall of 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014; (2 to assess the land use changes of 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014; (3 to analyze the design discharge under land use predictions of 2028; and (4 to arrange land use planning that the peak discharge less than peak discharge of Karian Dam. Data were analysed by grid interpolation, Rational, CA-Markov. The results showed that land use of 2000–2014 change from forest to agriculture dry land area about 18.89 km2, from dry land farming to rice field area about 12.84 km2, from dry land agriculture to plantation area about 10.27 km2 and forests to plantations about 6.24 km2. The total area of land uses change of 85.39 km2 (30.2%, but the land use type which remain as existing land uses are 197.48 km2 (69.8%. Flood discharge predictions is not eligible for the best land use pattern because it exceeded the design of flood discharge of Karian Dam. The actual flood discharge is still qualify, flood discharge based on Spatial Pattern and scenarios four to synchronize the flood discharge based on Spatial Pattern is qualify for the best land use pattern. scenarios four for spatial pattern is the best land use planning to be applied that are regarded as the reference of land use in Ciberang watershed Lebak Regency of 2014-2034.

  7. 18 CFR 367.2260 - Account 226, Unamortized discount on long-term debt-Debit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Long-Term Debt § 367.2260 Account... Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC...

  8. Uranium chemistry in blood and aqueous media. Techniques of studies; Chimie de l`uranium en milieux aqueux et sanguin. Techniques d`etudes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scapolan, St.

    1996-11-01

    The object of this report in a first step, is to understand the chemistry of uranium in aqueous phase by specifying the behavior of this element in function of several parameters such PH, concentration of present species, temperature, ionic force. In a second step, investigation techniques are reviewed: X rays diffraction, potentiometric titrations, polarography, spectrophotometry, NMR of {sup 13}C, {sup 31}P, {sup 17}O, capillary electrophoresis, laser detection. The third part brings elements to understand the uranium complexation in blood medium.

  9. Etude de l'Ecoulement Sanguin dans des Fistules Arterio-Veineuses Reconstruites à Partir d'Images Médicales.

    OpenAIRE

    Kharboutly, Z.

    2007-01-01

    During the hemodialysis session, the blood is purified through an extracorporeal artificial kidney. High flow in the surgically created vascular access, arterio-venous fistula AVF, leads to a successful blood suction and reinjection. In order to understand the relation between the blood flow dynamics and the physiopathology, it is necessary to understand its characteristics in these vessels. Clinically it is possible to measure blood vectors using the color echo Döppler. Nevertheless this met...

  10. Gold-198 and rose bengal marked with iodine-131 in the diagnostic of hepatic vesicular affections; L'or{sup 198} et le rose bengale marque a l'iode{sup 131} dans le diagnostic des affections hepatovesiculaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manambelona Razafimalaza, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1961-06-15

    Colloidal gold-198 makes it possible to obtain clear images of hepatic parenchyma; the examination can be repeated from different angles thus demonstrating the presence of pathologically inert regions, whether they be hydatic cysts, abscesses or neoplasia. The study of the disappearance curve for the colloid, together with a measurement of the blood volume, makes it possible also to calculate the hepatic flow. Using Rose Bengal marked with iodine-131, it is possible to obtain images of the liver and of the bile ducts, and to follow the elimination of the dye in the intestines. The simultaneous recording of the disappearance curves for the blood and of the appearance of the dye in the intestines constitutes an useful working test which is particularly sensible for evaluating the permeability of the bile ducts and, to a certain degree, the site of an obstruction. (author) [French] L'or colloidal-198 permet d'obtenir avec nettete des images du parenchyme hepatique; l'examen peut etre repete sous plusieurs incidences mettant ainsi en evidence les zones muettes pathologiques, qu'il s'agisse de kystes hydatiques, d'abces ou de neoplasies. L'etude de la courbe d'epuration du colloide completee par une mesure du volume sanguin offre en outre la possibilite de calculer le debit hepatique. A l'aide du rose bengale marque a l'iode-131, il est possible d'obtenir des images du foie et de la vesicule biliaire, et de suivre l'elimination intestinale du colorant. L'enregistrement simultane des courbes d'epuration sanguine et d'apparition intestinale constitue une epreuve fonctionnelle particulierement sensible pour apprecier la permeabilite des voies biliaires et dans une certaine mesure le site d'une obstruction. (auteur)

  11. Gold-198 and rose bengal marked with iodine-131 in the diagnostic of hepatic vesicular affections; L'or{sup 198} et le rose bengale marque a l'iode{sup 131} dans le diagnostic des affections hepatovesiculaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manambelona Razafimalaza, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1961-06-15

    Colloidal gold-198 makes it possible to obtain clear images of hepatic parenchyma; the examination can be repeated from different angles thus demonstrating the presence of pathologically inert regions, whether they be hydatic cysts, abscesses or neoplasia. The study of the disappearance curve for the colloid, together with a measurement of the blood volume, makes it possible also to calculate the hepatic flow. Using Rose Bengal marked with iodine-131, it is possible to obtain images of the liver and of the bile ducts, and to follow the elimination of the dye in the intestines. The simultaneous recording of the disappearance curves for the blood and of the appearance of the dye in the intestines constitutes an useful working test which is particularly sensible for evaluating the permeability of the bile ducts and, to a certain degree, the site of an obstruction. (author) [French] L'or colloidal-198 permet d'obtenir avec nettete des images du parenchyme hepatique; l'examen peut etre repete sous plusieurs incidences mettant ainsi en evidence les zones muettes pathologiques, qu'il s'agisse de kystes hydatiques, d'abces ou de neoplasies. L'etude de la courbe d'epuration du colloide completee par une mesure du volume sanguin offre en outre la possibilite de calculer le debit hepatique. A l'aide du rose bengale marque a l'iode-131, il est possible d'obtenir des images du foie et de la vesicule biliaire, et de suivre l'elimination intestinale du colorant. L'enregistrement simultane des courbes d'epuration sanguine et d'apparition intestinale constitue une epreuve fonctionnelle particulierement sensible pour apprecier la permeabilite des voies biliaires et dans une certaine mesure le site d'une obstruction. (auteur)

  12. Appropriazioni debite: reti sociali e gerarchie nel consumo locale dell’aiuto umanitario. Il campo rifugiati di Darwanaje-Somaliland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Ciabarri

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Come altre zone del Corno d’Africa, la regione dell’Awdal è un’area di lunga presenza dell’aiuto umanitario internazionale. È un’area, considerando gli ultimi 30 anni, di emergenza strutturale (Piguet 1998, prodotto di una serie ricorrente di destabilizzazioni politiche e sociali – si pensi alla grande carestia del 1974 che ha colpito l’intera regione, alla guerra dell’Ogaden tra Etiopia e Somalia nel 1977-78 e infine al conflitto civile somalo, cominciato nel Nord nel 1988 ma preceduto da continue tensioni per tutti gli anni Ottanta – a cui hanno fatto seguito interventi esterni d’aiuto.

  13. Practical guidebook on the modulation of ventilation flow rates; Guide pratique sur la modulation des debits de ventilation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The modulation of ventilation flow rates aims at adapting the flow rate of ventilation systems to the real occupancy of rooms, at maintaining a good indoor air quality and at mastering the energy expenses due to air renewing in rooms. This technical guidebook presents the design of modulated ventilation systems (definition of occupancy areas in buildings, choice of presence sensors (CO{sub 2}, hygrometry, temperature, CO, VOC and other specific probes)), their principle and implementation. (J.S.)

  14. High dose rate endobronchial brachytherapy: a curative treatment; La curietherapie endobronchique de haut debit de dose: un traitement curatif

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peiffert, D.; Spaeth, D.; Winnefeld, J. [Centre Alexis-Vautrin, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France); Menard, O. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Nancy-Brabois, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)

    2000-06-01

    New endobronchial techniques of treatment allow a good unblocking. Nevertheless, only high dose rate brachytherapy delivers a curative treatment for invasive carcinomas. This study analyses the results of the first 33 consecutive patients treated with curative intent by this technique from 1994 to 1997, and followed-up more than one year. Thirty-seven lesions were treated, with usual schedule delivering 30 Gy at 1 cm depth in six fractions and three to five weeks. All the patients were meticulously selected on the local involvement of the tumour and absolute contraindications to a surgical treatment. All of them have a pulmonary disease history or a general contraindication. With a 14-month follow-up, the local control at two months after the treatment was 95 % (endoscopic and histologic), and 90 % of the patients presented a prolonged local control. Four patients died of the treated cancer, another of a controlateral cancer. Ten patients died of another disease, five of them from a respiratory insufficiency. The overall survival rate at two years was 53 % and the specific survival rate 80 %. The acute tolerance was good, without incident. Asymptomatic bronchial stenoses, described by endoscopic follow-up, were described for seven patients. We conclude that, on the basis of a good selection of the patients, and a respect of the indications, high dose rate endobronchial brachytherapy is an effective curative treatment. It offers a new curative option and must be proposed for the small invasive carcinomas in non-operable patients. (author)

  15. A method for the determination of carbon 13 content in glucose and glycerol of blood plasma; Methode pour la determination de la teneur en carbone 13 du glucose et du glycerol dans les plasmas sanguins

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koziet, J. [Centre de Recherche Pernod-Ricard, 94 - Creteil (France)

    1994-12-31

    The coupled gaseous chromatography and isotope ratio mass spectrometry approach was first validated on beet and maize glucose and glycerol aqueous solutions containing variable carbon 13 content. Then human plasma was used to prepare samples where glucose and glycerol were labelled with small amounts of (1.3-{sup 13}C{sub 2})-glycerol and D-(U{sup 13}-C{sub 6})-glucose. The samples are then de-proteinized with acetone before lyophilization and acetylation in order to be able to measure them in the form of acetates. Carbon 13 content evaluation should then take into account the exogenous carbons from the acetyl radicals. This method appears well adapted to the simultaneous metabolic monitoring of glycerol and glucose in the blood plasma. 1 fig., 3 tabs., 5 refs.

  16. Activation de l'aire motrice supplémentaire au cours des mouvements volontaires chez l'homme. Etudes par le débit sanguin cérébral focal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Orgogozo, J M; Larsen, B; Roland, P E

    1979-01-01

    premotor activation previously noted in certain types of movement, corresponds to supplementary motor area (SMA). A retrospective study of 157 maps of fCBF recorded during motor or verbal behaviour, compared to 90 recordings in subjects at rest, showed that SMA is involved in most voluntary movements......, either verbal or non-verbal. An analysis of the results suggests that SMA acts during the establishment of new motor programs, and in the control of pre-established automatic activities, in response to internal and external stimuli....

  17. Blood flow measurements in the irradiated pig skin using {beta} emitters radionuclides; Mesure de la circulation sanguine cutanee chez le porc irradie a l`aide de radioisotopes emetteurs {beta}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daburon, F.; Lefaix, J.L.; Leplat, J.J.; Fayart, G.; Delacroix, D.; Le Thanh, P.

    1997-01-01

    Non invasive methods of study of the skin blood flow are numerous, but generally do not give any indication on the cutaneous micro-circulatory flow, except for cutaneous laser Doppler. The isotopic exploration of the skin with injected {gamma} radionuclides, even of weak energy, doe snot allow to characterize the skin blood flow, because of the important contribution of the subcutaneous tissues. The use of {beta} emitters energy spectrum, analyzed by different quantitative methods, are proportional to the thickness of the screen localized between the radioactive source and detector. Using simple and complex phantoms composed of tissue equivalent screens, with {sup 32}P sources placed at different depths, it was possible to study the degradation of {beta} spectra, simulating respectively the sub-epidermis and sub-dermis vascular levels. A modelization and an experimental study in-vivo are proposed in this work, with {sup 32}P phosphate administered intravenously in pigs. (author).

  18. Pathogenic effects of low dose irradiation: dose-effect relationships; Effets pathogenes d'un faible debit de dose: la relation ''dose-effet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masse, R. [Academie des Technologies, 91 - Saint Michel sur Orge (France)

    2002-10-01

    There is no evidence of pathogenic effects in human groups exposed to less than 100 mSv at low dose-rate. The attributed effects are therefore the result of extrapolations from higher doses. The validity of such extrapolations is discussed from the point of view of epidemiology as well as cellular and molecular biology. The Chernobyl accident resulted in large excess of thyroid cancers in children; it also raised the point that some actual sanitary effects among distressed populations might be a direct consequence of low doses. Studies under the control of UN have not confirmed this point identifying no dose-effect relationship and 'severe socio-economic and psychological pressures... poverty, poor diet and living conditions, and lifestyle factors' as the main cause for depressed health. Some hypothesis are considered for explaining the dose-dependence and high prevalence of non-cancer causes of death among human groups exposed to more than 300 mSv. (author)

  19. One question: credit or debit? As health savings accounts gain in popularity, insurers and the financial services industry want to bank the cash.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Cinda

    2006-01-16

    The Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association has a new sideline-banking. By chartering its own bank, the Blues is joining other insurers that have moved into financial services to adapt to the changes being wrought by health savings accounts. And other insurers have been faster to make the move. The Blues "is certainly late to the game" of banking, says analyst Katy Henrickson, left.

  20. 借记卡:花旗(中国)的一大亮点%Debit Cards: a major highlight of Citibank(China)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周少晨

    2010-01-01

    @@ 1902年5月,一家来自美国的银行在上海开设了第一家在华分行,这是美资银行首次在中国开业.当时,这家银行门上每天都悬挂着一面美国国旗,所以中国人戏称之为"花旗银行".

  1. Low dose rate vaginal brachytherapy of endometrial adenocarcinomas; Curietherapie vaginale postoperatoire des adenocarcinomes de l`endometre a bas debit de dose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Charra-Brumaud, C.; Peiffert, D.; Hoffstetter, S.; Luporsi, E.; Guillemin, F.; Bey, P. [Centre Alexis-Vautrin, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)

    1998-01-01

    Surgery is the primary treatment for endometrial carcinoma. Methods of complementary treatment are still debated, with the potential association of external radiotherapy and/or brachytherapy before or after surgery. This study was aimed at evaluating local control and complication rates in a series of patients treated by hysterectomy followed by postoperative vaginal low-dose rate brachytherapy (BT) combined with pelvic irradiation in case of poor prognosis factors. From 1978 to 1993, 101 patients were treated at the Centre Alexis-Vautrin, France according to this scheme. Forty five had deep myometrial invasion, and thirteen cervical involvement. Fifty patients received pelvic irradiation (median dose 46 Gy) combined with BT (dose 14 Gy, median volume 127 cm{sup 3}); 51 patients had BT alone (dose 60 Gy, median volume 71 cm{sup 3}). The 5-year overall survival rate was 83 % and the local control rate 97 % with a median follow-up of 7 years. Multivariate analysis showed two factors of bad prognosis, i.e. deep myometrial invasion and cervical involvement. Three severe complications occurred in two patients for whom the treated volume was larger than the theoretical target volume. Eleven patients developed metastases. Results obtained from this series are comparable with those of previous studies, particularly in regard to pre-operative BT. The complication rate is also satisfactory and depends on the irradiation precision and the definition of the target volume. (authors)

  2. High dose rate vaginal brachytherapy in endometrial cancer after surgery; Curietherapie postoperatoire du fond vaginal de haut debit de dose dans le cancer endometrial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreau-Claeys, M.V.; Brunaud, C.; Hoffstetter, S.; Buchheit, I.; Peiffert, D. [Departement de curietherapie, centre Alexis-Vautrin, avenue de Bourgogne, 54511 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)

    2011-06-15

    Purpose. - This study aimed at analyzing the evolution and type of recurrence in patients treated for stage I endometrial carcinomas, in order to define the respective roles of adjuvant radiotherapy and brachytherapy. Patients and methods. - This mono-centric retrospective study was conducted at Centre Alexis-Vautrin, Nancy, France, between January 1995 and December 2000 on all the patients surgically treated for an endometrial cancer, and then treated with high dose rate vaginal brachytherapy. The brachytherapy was delivered in two or three fractions of 7 Gy at 5 mm from the applicator. Results. - In the good prognosis group, the specific and overall survivals at 5 years were respectively 96.5 and 94.2% with no local recurrence demonstrated. In the intermediate prognostic group, the specific and overall survivals at 5 years were respectively 88 and 85%, with six locoregional recurrences observed among those who did not undergo lymphadenectomy; the overall survival at 5 years was significantly decreased in the absence of external radiation. In the group of poor prognosis (stages II and III), the specific survival at 5 years was respectively 72.8 and 67 %, and the overall survival at 5 years 66.7 and 56.4%. Conclusion. - Results for local control and survival as well as for tolerance were good. So we have decided to deliver high rate brachytherapy for all intermediate or poor prognosis patients and we have abandoned pelvic radiotherapy for good prognosis tumours (stages IA: no myometrium invasion with grade 3 and >50% of myometrium invasion with grades 1 and 2), whatever the lymph nodes surgery they had. We now propose pelvic radiotherapy only for intermediate prognosis tumours (such as IA > 50% of myometrium invasion with grade 3 and IB stages), if patients did not have any lymphatic surgery, or for bad prognosis tumours. (authors)

  3. Low doses effects and gamma radiations low dose rates; Les effets des faibles doses et des faibles debits de doses de rayons gamma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Averbeck, D. [Institut Curie, CNRS UMR 2027, 75 - Paris (France)

    1999-07-01

    This expose wishes for bringing some definitions and base facts relative to the problematics of low doses effects and low dose rates effects. It shows some already used methods and some actual experimental approaches by focusing on the effects of ionizing radiations with a low linear energy transfer. (N.C.)

  4. PANTHERE, simulation software of dose flow rates for complex nuclear installations; Panthere - logiciel pour la simulation des debits de dose pour installations nucleaires complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Longeot, M.; Dupont, B.; Coatanea, C. [EDF/SEPTEN/TE, 12-14 avenue Dutrievoz, 69628 Villeurbanne Cedex (France); Schumm, S.; Zweers, M. [EDF/R and D/SINETICS, 1, avenue du General de Gaulle, 92141 Clamart Cedex (France); Malvagi, F.; Trama, J.C. [CEA Saclay, SERMA, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

    2010-07-01

    The authors present the PANTHERE simulation software developed by EDF-SEPTEN to determine gamma dose flow rate in any point of complex industrial installations. They present the current industrial version (PANTHEREV1) and its different applications, and more particularly an investigation in the field of qualification of hardware under irradiation in case of severe accident. They present the currently under development version (PANTHEREV2) which will be exploited in 2011

  5. 78 FR 25635 - Technological Modernization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-02

    ...; credit cards; automated clearinghouses; and prepaid debit, credit, banking, and gift cards..., for prepaid debit, credit, banking and gift card transactions? How might practices change in light of... the recordkeeping requirements be for contributions made by prepaid debit, credit, banking and...

  6. Low dose rate gamma ray induced loss and data error rate of multimode silica fibre links; Affaiblissement et taux d`erreur de transmission de fibres optiques multimodes soumises a une irradiation gamma a faible debit de dose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breuze, G.; Fanet, H.; Serre, J. [CEA Centre d`Etudes de Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France). Dept. d`Electronique et d`Instrumentation Nucleaire; Colas, D.; Garnero, E.; Hamet, T. [Electricite de France (EDF), 77 - Ecuelles (France)

    1993-12-31

    Fiber optics data transmission from numerous multiplexed sensors, is potentially attractive for nuclear plant applications. Multimode silica fiber behaviour during steady state gamma ray exposure is studied as a joint programme between LETI CE/SACLAY and EDF Renardieres: transmitted optical power and bit error rate have been measured on a 100 m optical fiber.

  7. 金融企业呆账处理宜采取的会计和税收政策%The Policy of Accounting and Tax Adopted on Bad Debit in Financial Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    禹奎

    2006-01-01

    金融企业呆账处理的会计和税收政策,直接影响到企业的经营成果和税收负担.通过对我国金融企业现行呆账处理的会计和税收政策进行分析,就发现其存在的问题.应当根据我国国情,借鉴国际经验,在会计政策上进一步细化有关规定,以提高其可操作性;在税收政策上,宜用注销法代替准备金法确认和扣除企业呆账损失,以体现税收中性原则.

  8. Study of a three-phase flow metering process for oil-water-gas flows; Etude d`un procede de mesure des debits d`un ecoulement triphasique de type eau-huile-gaz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boyer, Ch.

    1996-11-01

    We propose a theoretical and experimental study of a three-phase flow metering process for oil-water-gas flows. The selected process is based on a combination of a mixer, a Venturi and ultrasonic methods. To perform an experimental validation of this process an instrumented set-up for three-phase air-oil-water flows has been designed, conceived and adjusted. An original theoretical model have been built to predict three-phase dispersed flows across a contraction. Once validated with two-phase air-water, oil-water and air-oil-water flows data, this model has been used to solve the Venturi metering problems. After a critical review of the available techniques, the ultrasonic propagation velocity has been selected to determine two-phase liquid-liquid flow composition. Two original models have been developed to describe the ultrasonic propagation with the dispersed phase fraction. The comparison with experimental data in oil-water flows show the superiority of one of the two models, the scattering model. For the void fraction determination in air-water flows, the work of Bensler (1990) based on the ultrasonic attenuation measurement has been extended to take into account the multiple scattering effects. Finally these techniques have been combined to determine the different flow rates in air-water, oil-water flows. For two-phase air-water and oil-water flows the problem is solved and the flow rates are measured with a very good accuracy ({+-} 3%). The results quality obtained with three-phase oil-water-gas flows and the secure theoretical bases allowing their interpretation give us the opportunity to strongly recommend the development of an industrial prototype based on the process we studied. (author) 183 refs.

  9. Research on the Effect of Debit Financing Corporation Governance in China's Listed Companies%我国上市公司债权融资的公司治理效应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴永鑫; 孙长江

    2011-01-01

    Recently,in the process of debt governance in our country's listed companies,the main questions are that the property right structure of our state-owned banks is unitary,government function and enterprise affairs merge into one and the proportion of non-performing assets is high.The corporate bond circulation market develops slowly and the market intermediates lags behind.The reason is that the listed companies only care about the equity investors' interests in the company and the company's governance structures and governance mechanisms,and they ignore the creditors' interests and the function that the creditors play in the company's governance structure and governance mechanisms.To fundamentally solve these problems,it should reform the state-owned banks' property rights,separate government functions from enterprise management,diversify property rights,cultivate corporate bond circulation market,establish a mature credit rating system for corporation bond,and thereby promote the long-term stable development of the corporate bonds market.%当前,在我国上市公司债权治理过程中,存在的主要问题是我国国有银行产权结构单一,政企职责不分,不良资产比例偏高;企业债券流通市场发展缓慢,市场中介机构发展滞后。其原因就在于上市公司只关心股权投资者在公司中的利益,所设计公司的治理结构和治理机制,忽视了债权人的利益和债权人在公司的治理结构和治理机制当中发挥的作用。要从根本上解决这些问题,就必须进行国有银行的产权制度改革,做到实行政企分开,产权多元化;要大力培育企业债券流通市场,建立成熟的企业债券信用评级制度,从而促进企业债券市场的长期稳定发展。

  10. Pump used as a turbine (PAT) with flow control - Part 4: Sizing the new spiral casing; Petites centrales hydrauliques. Pompe fonctionnant en turbine avec reglage du debit (Pat-Francis). 4eme partie: dimensionnement et construction de la bache spirale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chapallaz, J.-M.

    2007-02-15

    This fourth and final part of a final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) discusses the use of a pump equipped with variable guide vanes, similar to a Francis turbine. This fourth part of a four-part article deals with the selection of a pump and describes the general lay-out of the new spiral casing to be adapted for use in the PAT-Francis turbine. The parameters to be taken into account are looked at and calculation examples are presented. Proposals for a simplified construction are examined.

  11. Pump used as a turbine (PAT) with flow control - Part 1: General; Petites centrales hydrauliques. Pompe fonctionnant en turbine avec reglage du debit (Pat-Francis). 1ere partie: presentation generale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chapallaz, J.-M.

    2007-02-15

    This first part of a final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) discusses the use of a pump equipped with variable guide vanes, similar to a Francis turbine. This first part of a four-part article describes the PAT-Francis project in general. The turbine was realised by removing the existing spiral casing from a standard pump and replacing it with a guide vane system with a new spiral. General topics on the use of pumps as turbines are discussed and the characteristic curves and operational limits of a PAT are examined. The proposed concept for a PAT with variable flow, or PAT-Francis, is presented.

  12. Comparative influence of dose rate and radiation nature, on lethality after big mammals irradiation; Influence, a dose egale, du debit de dose et de la nature du rayonnement sur la mortalite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Destombe, C.; Le Fleche, Ph.; Grasseau, A.; Reynal, A. [Etablissement Technique Central de l`Armement (ETCA), 94 - Arcueil (France)

    1997-12-31

    For the same dose and the 30 days lethality as biological criterion, the dose rate influence is more important than the radiation nature on the results of an big mammals total body irradiation. (authors)

  13. Demonstration of the 3D PANTHERE software for the simulation of gamma dose rates for complex nuclear installations; Demonstration du logiciel 3D panthere pour la simulation des debits de doses gamma pour installations nucleaires complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Longeot, M.; Dupont, B. [EDFISEPTENITE, 12-14 avenue Dutrievoz, 69628 Villeurbanne Cedex (France); Schumm, A.; Zweers, M. [EDF/R and D/SINETICS, 1 avenue du General de Gaulle, 92141 Clamart Cedex (France); Malvagi, F.; Trama, J.C. [CEA Saclay, SERMA, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

    2010-07-01

    The authors present the two successive versions of the PANTHERE simulation software developed by EDF-SEPTEN to determine gamma dose flow rate in complex industrial installations. This software predicts dose rates and thus enables interventions in irradiating environment to be optimized. The authors report the demonstration of the industrial version (PANTHEREv1) and of the currently under development version (PANTHEREv2). They outline the evolutions brought to the first version to develop the second one such as the direct importation of CAD models, ergonomic improvements, etc.

  14. Pump used as a turbine (PAT) with flow control - Part 3: Sizing the variable guide vane system; Petites centrales hydrauliques. Pompe fonctionnant en turbine avec reglage du debit (Pat-Francis). 3eme partie: dimensionnement du distributeur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chapallaz, J.-M.

    2007-02-15

    This third part of a final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) discusses the use of a pump equipped with variable guide vanes, similar to a Francis turbine. This third part of a four-part article deals with the concept and preliminary dimensioning of a variable guide vane system for a standard pump used as a turbine. Geometrical considerations are discussed and the basic data of such machines are presented. The principles behind the geometry and dimensioning of the vanes of the turbine are discussed and a proposal is described.

  15. 伊斯兰教法中债务契约对规范我国民间借贷的启示%The Enlightenment of Debt Contracts of Islamic Laws in Regulating Our Country's Folk Debit and Credit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云雁

    2015-01-01

    《古兰经》不仅是一部宗教典籍而且是伊斯兰教法的重要法律渊源,它确立的商业伦理和行为规则促进了穆斯林商业活动的发展.本文认为,伊斯兰教法中关于债务契约的形式、利率、担保、履行等规定,对规范我国民间借贷有一定的借鉴意义.

  16. MRI-guided pulsed rate intracavitary curietherapy: preliminary results on 25 patients treated at the Tours University Hospital Centre; Curietherapie intracavitaire de debit pulse guidee par IRM: resultats preliminaires chez 25 patientes traitees au centre hospitalier universitaire de Tours

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruffier-Loubiere, A.; Ouldamer, L.; Reynaud-Bougnoux, A.; Barillot, I. [CHU de Tours, 37 - Tours (France); Ouldamer, L.; Barillot, I. [Universite Francois-Rabelais, 37 - Tours (France)

    2010-10-15

    The authors report the assessment of the feasibility of a dose escalation when using MRI-guided pulsed rate intracavitary curietherapy with manual optimization of dwell times on 25 patients treated for an invasive cervical carcinoma. A first group of patients comprised 5 women with a stage Ib2 cancer who had only one curietherapy before surgical intervention. The second group comprises eleven women presenting limited stage Ib2 or IIa or IIb cancers who have been treated by a concomitant association of radiotherapy and chemotherapy followed by MRI-guided pulsed rate intracavitary curietherapy and later by surgical intervention. The third group comprised nine women presenting a locally advanced cancer who have been treated by chemotherapy followed by a MRI-guided pulsed rate intracavitary curietherapy. It appears that MRI-guided pulsed rate intracavitary curietherapy could be an efficient mean to increase the dose in the pelvic central part. Short communication

  17. Advances in gas flow metering - end of the history, peaceful co-existence or a new beginning; Les avancees dans le mesurage des debits de gaz - fin de l'histoire, coexistence pacifique ou nouveau commencement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Studzinski, W. [NOVA Research and Technology Centre, Calgary (Canada)

    2000-07-01

    Gas flow metering plays an important role in the technical and fiscal operations of pipeline systems. Over the last hundred years, the industry has gone through several technical revolutions. The recent two decades were characterized by the introduction of flow computers in the 80's and acceptance of ultrasonic meters in the 90's. These changes, associated with measurement technology, have had a profound impact on pipeline operation, deregulation of the gas industry and gas trading. Significant advances were made, however, it is certainly not the end for progress in gas flow metering. The future development of optoelectronic and mass flow meters combined with advances in telemetry and tele-calibration may significantly reduce capital and maintenance costs. Classical flow meters will be upgraded to a new level of performance and will co-exist with the newest technologies. The uncertainty of flow measurement will be improved, mainly in terms of stability over longer periods of time. Old and new meters will be able to perform in environments other than dry natural gas. Processing of flow measurement data will evolve with the progress in flow computers and smart transmitters. The advances in gas flow metering will be driven by life cycle cost reduction as well as new business and service requirements. (author)

  18. Use of potassium-42 in the study of kidney functioning; Emploi du patassium-12 pour l'etude du fonctionnement renal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morel, F.; Guinnebault, M. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1959-07-01

    Following an intravenous injection of potassium-42 as indicator, an analysis of the specific activity vs. time curve in arterial plasma, in venous plasma efferent from the kidney, in urine and in various regions of the kidney of rabbits reveals that: 1) The turnover rate of potassium in the cortex cells (proximal and distal convoluted tubes) is very large, being limited only by renal blood flow. 2) The turnover rate of potassium in deep regions (Henle loops and collector tubules) is much smaller. 3) Potassium in the urine comes from cells of the convoluted tubes and not from cells of Henle loops, collector ducts, or glomerular filtrate. 4) Any potassium filtered at the level of the glomerules would be entirely reabsorbed at the level of the proximal tube, while total potassium in the urine results from a process of excretion by cells of the distal tube. These results are comparable with the assumption that the movement of potassium between interstitial medium and convoluted tube cells results from entirely passive processes. (author) [French] Apres injection intraveineuse au lapin de radiopotassium comme indicateur, l'analyse des courbes de la radioactivite specifique du potassium, mesuree en fonction du temps dans le plasma arteriel, dans le plasma veineux efferent du rein, dans l'urine et dans diverses regions du rein, lui-meme, permet de montrer: 1)que la vitesse de renouvellement du potassium contenu dans les cellules du cortex (tubes contournes proximaux et distaux), apparait tres grande et semble limitee par le debit sanguin renal. 2) que le vitesse de renouvellement du potassium contenu dans les regions profondes (anses de Henle et tubes collecteurs) est beaucoup plus faible. 3) que le potassium de l'urine a pour precurseur le potassium des cellules des tubes contournes et non celui des cellules des anses de Henle ou des canaux collecteurs, ni celui du filtrat glomerulaire. 4) que le potassium filtre au niveau des glomerules serait entierement

  19. Sanguineous normothermic, intermittent cardioplegia, effects on hypertrophic myocardium: morphometric, metabolic and ultrastructural studies in rabbits hearts Efeitos da cardioplegia sanguínea normotérmica intermitente, em miocárdio hipertrófico: estudos morfométricos, metabólicos e ultraestruturais em corações coelhos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clovis Carbone Junior

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The present investigation aimed to study the protective effect of intermittent normothermic cardioplegia in rabbit's hypertrophic hearts. METHODS: The parameters chosen were 1 the ratio heart weight / body weight, 2 the myocardial glycogen levels, 3 ultrastructural changes of light and electron microscopy, and 4 mitochondrial respiration. RESULTS: 1 The experimental model, coarctation of the aorta induced left ventricular hypertrophy; 2 the temporal evolution of the glycogen levels in hypertrophic myocardium demonstrates that there is a significant decrease; 3 It was observed a time-dependent trend of higher oxygen consumption values in the hypertrophic group; 4 there was a significant time-dependent decrease in the respiratory coefficient rate in the hypertrophic group; 5 the stoichiometries values of the ADP: O2 revealed the downward trend of the values of the hypertrophic group; 6 It was possible to observe damaged mitochondria from hypertrophic myocardium emphasizing the large heterogeneity of data. CONCLUSION: The acquisition of biochemical data, especially the increase in speed of glycogen breakdown, when anatomical changes are not detected, represents an important result even when considering all the difficulties inherent in the process of translating experimental results into clinical practice. With regard to the adopted methods, it is clear that morphometric methods are less specific. Otherwise, the biochemical data allow detecting alterations of glycogen concentrations and mitochondria respiration before the morphometric alterations should be detectedOBJETIVOS: O presente estudo teve como objetivo estudar o efeito protetor da cardioplegia normotérmica intermitente em corações hipertróficos de coelhos. MÉTODOS: Os parâmetros escolhidos foram: 1 relação peso cardíaco/peso corporal; 2 níveis de glicogênio nos músculos cardíacos; 3 alterações ultraestruturais por microscopia óptica e eletrônica; e 4 respiração mitocondrial. RESULTADOS: 1 O modelo experimental de coarctação da aorta induziu hipertrofia ventricular esquerda; 2 a evolução temporal dos níveis de glicogênio no miocárdio hipertrófico demonstra que há diminuição significativa; 3 observou-se tendência dependente do tempo para maiores valores do consumo de oxigênio para o grupo hipertrófico; 4 houve diminuição dependente do tempo da taxa de coeficiente respiratório no grupo hipertrófico; 5 os valores estequiométricos da ADP: O2 revelou a tendência decrescente no grupo hipertrófico; 6 observaram-se lesões mitocondriais do miocárdio hipertrófico, enfatizando a grande heterogeneidade dos dados. CONCLUSÃO: A aquisição de dados bioquímicos, principalmente o aumento na velocidade de quebra do glicogênio, quando mudanças anatômicas não são detectadas, representa um resultado importante, mesmo quando se consideram todas as dificuldades inerentes ao processo translacional de resultados experimentais para a prática clínica. No que diz respeito aos métodos adotados, é evidente que os métodos morfométricos são menos específicos. Os dados bioquímicos permitem a detecção de alterações das concentrações de glicogênio e respiração mitocondrial antes das alterações morfométricas serem detectadas.

  20. Cambios en la presión sanguínea causados por falla renal aguda o crónica, en una población de mascotas caninas de Bogotá D.C. Colombia - Sanguine Pressure Changes Caused By Acute Or Chronic Renal Failure, In Canine Pets Population In Bogotá D.C. Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez Klinge Marta Elena

    Full Text Available La insuficiencia renal es señalada como la causa más importante de la hipertensión arterial, ( Ettinger & Feldman 1997. Debido a la hipertensión en insuficiencia renal, se debe medir la misma en todos los perros sospechosos. La determinación de la presión arterial, común en humanos, no lo es en veterinaria, debido a la disposición anatómica de los miembros y a la baja intensidad de los sonidos producidos por la onda de pulso. En la primera fase se emplearon 20 perros, a los cuales se les tomo la presión arterial en tres sitios: arteria humeral, arteria tibiocraneal y arteria coccígea, colococando una manga de presión y escuchando los sonidos del paso de la sangre con un estetoscopio de muy buena resolución y otro de no tan buena resolución, comprobándose que sólo se escuchan con el estetoscopio de buena resolución. Después, se inyecto 0.5 ml de adrenalina para causar un hipertensión pasajera y comprobar los sonidos del paso de la sangre (korokoff, los cuales se escucharon mucho más fuerte y el valor numérico aumento considerablemente; el mejor resultado se obtuvo en la arteria humeral, ya que los sonidos se escuchan más claros. En la segunda fase se tomaron 33 pacientes de diferentes clínicas de Bogota; 15 presentaban Falla Renal Aguda y 18 presentaban Falla Renal Crónica. A dichos pacientes se les confirmar la falla renal, con un examen del BUN y de creatinina, encontrándose azotemia, luego se les tomaba la presión arterial en la arteria humeral encontrandose mayor hipertensión en la Falla renal crónica. The renal inadequacy or renal failure, is pointed out as the cause but important of the arterial hypertension (Ettinger & Feldman 1997. Due to the hypertension in the renal inadequacy, the same one should be measured in all the suspicious dogs. The determination of the arterial pressure, common in human, it is not it in the veterinary one , due to the anatomical disposition of the members and to the drop intensity of the sounds taken place by the pulse wave. In the first phase 20 dogs were used to those which they are taken the arterial tension in three places: artery humeral, artery tibiocraneal and artery coccígea, placing a sleeve of pressure and listening the sounds of the step of it bleeds her with a stethoscope of very good resolution, and another of not so good resolution, being proven that alone they are listened with the stethoscope of good resolution. Then, I inject you 0.5 ml of adrenaline to cause a fleeting hypertension and to check the sounds of the step of the blood (korokoff, which were listened a lot but strong and the value numeric increase considerably; the best result was obtained in the artery humeral, since the sounds were listened but clearer. In the second phase 33 patients of different clinics of Bogotá took; 15 presented sharp renal failure and 18 presented chronicle renal failure. To this patients they were confirmed the renal failure with an exam of the BUN and of creatinina, being azotemia, then they were taken the arterial pressure in the artery humeral being bigger hypertension in the chronicle renal failure.

  1. Cambios en la presión sanguínea causados por falla renal aguda o crónica, en una población de mascotas caninas de Bogotá D.C. Colombia - Sanguine Pressure Changes Caused By Acute Or Chronic Renal Failure, In Canine Pets Population In Bogotá D.C. Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez Klinge Marta Elena.

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available .- La insuficiencia renal es señalada como la causa más importante de la hipertensión arterial, ( Ettinger & Feldman 1997. Debido a la hipertensión en insuficiencia renal, se debe medir la misma en todos los perros sospechosos. La determinación de la presión arterial, común en humanos, no lo es en veterinaria, debido a la disposición anatómica de los miembros y a la baja intensidad de los sonidos producidos por la onda de pulso. En la primera fase se emplearon 20 perros, a los cuales se les tomo la presión arterial en tres sitios: arteria humeral, arteria tibiocraneal y arteria coccígea, colococando una manga de presión y escuchando los sonidos del paso de la sangre con un estetoscopio de muy buena resolución y otro de no tan buena resolución, comprobándose que sólo se escuchan con el estetoscopio de buena resolución. Después, se inyecto 0.5 ml de adrenalina para causar un hipertensión pasajera y comprobar los sonidos del paso de la sangre (korokoff, los cuales se escucharon mucho más fuerte y el valor numérico aumento considerablemente; el mejor resultado se obtuvo en la arteria humeral, ya que los sonidos se escuchan más claros. En la segunda fase se tomaron 33 pacientes de diferentes clínicas de Bogota; 15 presentaban Falla Renal Aguda y 18 presentaban Falla Renal Crónica. A dichos pacientes se les confirmar la falla renal, con un examen del BUN y de creatinina, encontrándose azotemia, luego se les tomaba la presión arterial en la arteria humeral encontrandose mayor hipertensión en la Falla renal crónica. The renal inadequacy or renal failure, is pointed out as the cause but important of the arterial hypertension (Ettinger & Feldman 1997. Due to the hypertension in the renal inadequacy, the same one should be measured in all the suspicious dogs. The determination of the arterial pressure, common in human, it is not it in the veterinary one , due to the anatomical disposition of the members and to the drop intensity of the sounds taken place by the pulse wave. In the first phase 20 dogs were used to those which they are taken the arterial tension in three places: artery humeral, artery tibiocraneal and artery coccígea, placing a sleeve of pressure and listening the sounds of the step of it bleeds her with a stethoscope of very good resolution, and another of not so good resolution, being proven that alone they are listened with the stethoscope of good resolution. Then, I inject you 0.5 ml of adrenaline to cause a fleeting hypertension and to check the sounds of the step of the blood (korokoff, which were listened a lot but strong and the value numeric increase considerably; the best result was obtained in the artery humeral, since the sounds were listened but clearer. In the second phase 33 patients of different clinics of Bogotá took; 15 presented sharp renal failure and 18 presented chronicle renal failure. To this patients they were confirmed the renal failure with an exam of the BUN and of creatinina, being azotemia, then they were taken the arterial pressure in the artery humeral being bigger hypertension in the chronicle renal failure.

  2. 12 CFR 716.3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...; manufacturers of computer software and hardware; and travel agencies operated in connection with financial... service; (B) Account balance information, payment history, overdraft history, and credit or debit card...

  3. 75 FR 9120 - Electronic Fund Transfers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    ... assess overdraft fees for paying automated teller machine (ATM) and one-time debit card transactions that... Transfer Act, limiting a financial institution's ability to assess fees for paying ATM and one- time debit... secured by margin securities in brokerage accounts extended by Securities and Exchange Commission or...

  4. 76 FR 66872 - International Services Surveys: Amendments to the BE-150, Quarterly Survey of Cross-Border Credit...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-28

    ... the BE-150, Quarterly Survey of Cross-Border Credit, Debit, and Charge Card Transactions AGENCY... entities that would be required to report information on the BE-150, Quarterly Survey of Cross-Border...-based debit network companies would be required to report on cross-border transactions between (1)...

  5. 76 FR 67621 - Privacy Act of 1974: Implementation of Exemptions; Department of Homeland Security U.S. Customs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-02

    ... Protection-003 Credit/Debit Care Data System of Records'' and this proposed rulemaking. In this proposed...; ] DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Office of the Secretary 6 CFR Part 5 Privacy Act of 1974: Implementation of Exemptions; Department of Homeland Security U.S. Customs and Border Protection DHS/CBP-003 Credit/Debit Care...

  6. Comparative study vagina mould/ fletcher applicator in MRI guided pulsed rate brachytherapy in patients reached by an uterine cervix carcinoma; Etude comparative moule vaginal/applicateur de fletcher en curietherapie de debit pulse guide par IRM chez les patientes atteintes d'un cancer du col uterin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Francois, G.; Dumas, I.; Mazeron, R.; Verezesan, O.; Monnier, L.; Vieillot, S.; Gensse, M.C.; Haie-Meder, C. [Institut Gustave-Roussy, 94 - Villejuif (France)

    2009-10-15

    This study began in february 2009 and included until today ten patients. twenty patients are planned. The analysis of preliminary results show a much higher tolerance for the vaginal cast device. The dosimetry data were the object of a preliminary study that seems demonstrate an equivalence of the both modalities, with differences concerning the doses to critical organs; The definitive result swill be presented with the data including the twenty planned patients. (N.C.)

  7. Economic assessment of pulsed dose-rate (P.D.R.) brachytherapy with optimized dose distribution for cervix carcinoma;Evaluation economique de la curietherapie de debit pulse gynecologique (PDR) avec optimisation de la dose pour les cancers du col uterin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Remonnay, R.; Morelle, M.; Pommier, P.; Carrere, M.O. [Lyon Univ., 69 (France); Remonnay, R.; Morelle, M.; Pommier, P. [Axe Economie de la Sante, GATE, CNRS-UMR 5824, Centre Leon-Berard, 69 - Lyon (France); Pommier, P. [Centre Leon-Berard, 69 - Lyon (France); Haie-Meder, C. [Institut Gustave-Roussy, 94 - Villejuif (France); Quetin, P. [Centre Paul-Strauss, 67 - Strasbourg (France); Kerr, C. [Centre Val-d' Aurelle, parc Euromedecine, 34 - Montpellier (France); Delannes, M. [Institut Claudius-Regaud, 31 - Toulouse (France); Castelain, B. [Centre Oscar-Lambret, 59 - Lille (France); Peignaux, K. [Centre Georges Francois Leclerc, 21 - Dijon (France); Kirova, Y. [Institut Curie, 75 - Paris (France); Romestaing, P. [Centre hospitalier Lyon Sud, 69 - Pierre-Benite (France); Williaume, D. [Centre Eugene-Marquis, 35 - Rennes (France); Krzisch, C. [Hopital Sud, 80 - Amiens (France); Thomas, L. [Institut Bergonie, 33 - Bordeaux (France); Lang, P. [Groupe hospitalier Pitie-Salpetriere, 75 - Paris (France); Baron, M.H. [Hopital Jean-Minjoz, 25 - Besancon (France); Cussac, A. [Centre Rene-Gauducheau, 44 - Nantes-Saint-Herblain (France); Lesaunier, F. [Centre Francois-Baclesse, 14 - Caen (France); Maillard, S. [Institut Jean-Godinot, 51 - Reims (France); Barillot, I. [Hopital Bretonneau, 37 - Tours (France); Charra-Brunaud, C.; Peiffert, D. [Centre Alexis-Vautrin, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)

    2010-06-15

    Purpose: Our study aims at evaluating the cost of pulsed dose-rate (P.D.R.) brachytherapy with optimized dose distribution versus traditional treatments (iridium wires, cesium, non-optimized P.D.R.). Issues surrounding reimbursement were also explored. Materials and methods: This prospective, multi-centre, non-randomized study conducted in the framework of a project entitled 'Support Program for Costly Diagnostic and Therapeutic Innovations' involved 21 hospitals. Patients with cervix carcinoma received either classical brachytherapy or the innovation. The direct medical costs of staff and equipment, as well as the costs of radioactive sources, consumables and building renovation were evaluated from a hospital point of view using a micro costing approach. Subsequent costs per brachytherapy were compared between the four strategies. Results: The economic study included 463 patients over two years. The main resources categories associated with P.D.R. brachytherapy (whether optimized or not) were radioactive sources (1053 Euros) and source projectors (735 Euros). Optimized P.D.R. induced higher cost of imagery and dosimetry (respectively 130 Euros and 367 Euros) than non-optimized P.D.R. (47 Euros and 75 Euros). Extra costs of innovation over the less costly strategy (iridium wires) reached more than 2100 Euros per treatment, but could be reduced by half in the hypothesis of 40 patients treated per year (instead of 24 in the study). Conclusion: Aside from staff, imaging and dosimetry, the current hospital reimbursements largely underestimated the cost of innovation related to equipment and sources. (authors)

  8. Long-term results of exclusive low-dose rate curie-therapy for a high-grade vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia; Resultats a long terme de la curietherapie exclusive de bas debit de dose pour neoplasie vaginale intraepitheliale de haut grade

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanchard, P.; Monnier, L.; Dumas, I.; Azoury, F.; Mazeron, R.; Haie-Meder, C. [Institut Gustave-Roussy, 94 - Villejuif (France)

    2010-10-15

    The authors report the results of an exclusive low dose rate curie therapy for female patients treated for a grade 3 vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia. They reviewed the medical files of patients treated since 1983, i.e. 28 women. They analysed demographic characteristics, the clinic description of lesions, possible treatments which occurred before this high-grade vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia, possible previous history of cervical or endometrial cancer, curie therapy detailed data, presence of tumorous relapse. According to that, they conclude that a 60 Gy exclusive low- vaginal dose-rate curie-therapy is an efficient and well tolerated treatment for high-grade vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia. Short communication

  9. Pump used as a turbine (PAT) with flow control - Part 2: Selection of the pump to be transformed into a turbine; Petites centrales hydrauliques. Pompe fonctionnant en turbine avec reglage du debit (Pat-Francis). 2eme partie: selection de la pompe inversee pour fonctionnement en turbine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chapallaz, J.-M.

    2007-02-15

    This second part of a final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) discusses the use of a pump equipped with variable guide vanes, similar to a Francis turbine. This second part of a four-part article deals with the preliminary selection of a pump to be transformed into a turbine. The statistical methods used in this process, which was developed by the author, are described. The method used for the determination of the optimal operating point is presented and discussed, as are the basic differences between pumps and turbines. Mechanical aspects and efficiencies are discussed and characteristic curves are presented, as are examples of the implementation of the concept.

  10. The place of high dose rate curie-therapy in cutaneous cancers: experience of the Neufchatel hospital on 140 patients; Place de la curietherapie de haut debit de dose dans les cancers cutanes: experience de l'hopital neuchatelois a propos de 140 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanes, B.; Fraija, L.; Guibert, G.; Notter, M. [Hopital neuchatelois, La Chaux-de-Fonds (Switzerland)

    2011-10-15

    The authors report the experience of the Neufchatel hospital in the treatment by curie-therapy of 140 patients exhibiting cutaneous cancers. The apparatus comprised an iridium 192 source and a Leipzig-type applicator. The distributions of carcinoma type and treated localizations are indicated. Results are analyzed in terms of age, tumour size, aesthetic result, local control for the different types of carcinomas. Short communication

  11. Evaluation of the detriment associated with exposure at low doses and low dose rates in the radiation protection system; Evaluation du detriment associe a l'exposition aux faibles doses et faibles debits de dose dans le systeme de radioprotection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vaillant, Ludovic; Schneider, Thierry [CEPN, 28, rue de la Redoute, 92260 Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)

    2012-03-15

    Questions about quantifying the radiological risk associated with exposure to ionising radiation have been debated repeatedly for a variety of exposure situations, including, among others, medical irradiation, discharges from nuclear facilities, transportation of radioactive waste, and potential nuclear accidents. This paper aims to shed light on the link between exposure and risk, focusing on the items that constitute the detriment associated with this exposure. The management of the risk associated with it relies on a cautious hypothesis of a linear no-threshold relation between exposure and risk of death or detriment. The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) published General Recommendations in 1966 that recognised this relation, but did not publish a quantification of the risk until 1977. The Commission introduced the concept of effective dose as a risk indicator that makes it possible to determine dose limits according to the risk associated with them. In 1990, the Commission proposed a revision of the quantification and construction of detriment. New limits, based on risk quantification and, for the first time, risk tolerability, were proposed. The optimisation of radiation protection - keeping radiation exposure as low as reasonably achievable in light of the economic and social context - became the key principle of the radiation protection system. The use of detriment makes it possible to use economic tools to guide the decision process for this optimisation - by assessing the monetary value of human life. This concept, widely used in health economics during the 1980's, has been criticised by many and must be used cautiously. ICRP published the latest quantifications of detriment in 2007. Detriment is thus an indicator that assesses the risk of death associated with exposure to ionising radiation for an average individual. Its construction relies on simplifying assumptions that are needed to implement a robust and effective radiation protection system. (authors)

  12. Health effects of low doses at low dose rates: dose-response relationship modeling in a cohort of workers of the nuclear industry; Effets sanitaires des faibles doses a faibles debits de dose: modelisation de la relation dose-reponse dans une cohorte de travailleurs du nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Metz-Flamant, Camille

    2011-09-19

    The aim of this thesis is to contribute to a better understanding of the health effects of chronic external low doses of ionising radiation. This work is based on the French cohort of CEA-AREVA NC nuclear workers. The mains stages of this thesis were (1) conducting a review of epidemiological studies on nuclear workers, (2) completing the database and performing a descriptive analysis of the cohort, (3) quantifying risk by different statistical methods and (4) modelling the exposure-time-risk relationship. The cohort includes monitored workers employed more than one year between 1950 and 1994 at CEA or AREVA NC companies. Individual annual external exposure, history of work, vital status and causes of death were reconstructed for each worker. Standardized mortality ratios using French national mortality rates as external reference were computed. Exposure-risk analysis was conducted in the cohort using the linear excess relative risk model, based on both Poisson regression and Cox model. Time dependent modifying factors were investigated by adding an interaction term in the model or by using exposure time windows. The cohort includes 36, 769 workers, followed-up until age 60 in average. During the 1968- 2004 period, 5, 443 deaths, 2, 213 cancers, 62 leukemia and 1, 314 cardiovascular diseases were recorded. Among the 57% exposed workers, the mean cumulative dose was 21.5 milli-sieverts (mSv). A strong Healthy Worker Effect is observed in the cohort. Significant elevated risks of pleura cancer and melanoma deaths were observed in the cohort but not associated with dose. No significant association was observed with solid cancers, lung cancer and cardiovascular diseases. A significant dose-response relationship was observed for leukemia excluding chronic lymphatic leukemia, mainly for doses received less than 15 years before and for yearly dose rates higher than 10 mSv. This PhD work contributes to the evaluation of risks associated to chronic external radiation exposure. Our study finds a risk of leukemia associated with chronic external exposure and allows taking into account modifying factors of this relation. Additional follow-up allows to improve the precision of the estimated dose-response relationship. A combined analysis including the present cohort and other nuclear cohorts could quantify more precisely the risks associated with low doses at low dose rates, in order to validate current underlying hypotheses of the radiation protection system. (author)

  13. NATURAL DECAY RESISTANCE OF SIX AMAZON WOOD SPECIES IN SOIL BLOCK TESTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Vinicius da Silva Alves

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the natural resistance of six Amazonian wood species: Aspidosperma desmanthum (Araracanga, Parinari excelsa (Parinari, Mouriri callocarpa (Miraúba, Marmaroxylon racemosum (Angelim-rajado, Peltogyne paniculata (Roxinho e Astronium sp. (Muiracatiara against Pycnoporus sanguineous, a white rot fungus, and Gloeophyllum trabeum, a brown rot fungus. Testing was performed based on the American Society for Testing and Materials - Standard Method for Accelerated Laboratory Test of Natural Decay Resistance of Woods - ASTM D2017/81(86. Results showed that all tested wood species were classified as very resistant to both decay fungi, except the wood of Aspidosperma desmanthum, which demonstrated to be very resistant to Pycnoporus sanguineous and resistant to Gloeophyllum trabeum. The wood of Peltogyne paniculata showed the best performance against Pycnoporus sanguineous, whereas the wood of Astronium sp. presented the best results when submitted to Gloeophyllum trabeum attack.

  14. Resistência natural de seis espécies de madeiras da região amazônica a fungos apodrecedores, em ensaios de laboratório

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Vinicius Da Silva Alves

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the natural resistance of six Amazonian wood species: Aspidosperma desmanthum (Araracanga, Parinari excelsa (Parinari, Mouriri callocarpa (Miraúba, Marmaroxylon racemosum (Angelim-rajado, Peltogyne paniculata (Roxinho e Astronium sp. (Muiracatiara against Pycnoporus sanguineous, a white rot fungus, and Gloeophyllum trabeum, a brown rot fungus. Testing was performed based on the American Society for Testing and Materials - Standard Method for Accelerated Laboratory Test of Natural Decay Resistance of Woods - ASTM D2017/81(86. Results showed that all tested wood species were classified as very resistant to both decay fungi, except the wood of Aspidosperma desmanthum, which demonstrated to be very resistant to Pycnoporus sanguineous and resistant to Gloeophyllum trabeum. The wood of Peltogyne paniculata showed the best performance against Pycnoporus sanguineous, whereas the wood of Astronium sp. presented the best results when submitted to Gloeophyllum trabeum attack.

  15. 78 FR 31528 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-24

    ... Number (MICR), credit and debit/ATM card number, expiration date, Card Verification Value 2 (CVV2), Card... account number, Magnetic Ink Character Recognition Number (MICR), loyalty, rewards, points, advantage...

  16. 78 FR 43920 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Application To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic... transfer tax by credit or debit card, combine information currently captured on another form, and the...

  17. A Cashless Society? The Plastic Revolution. Resources in Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritz, John M.

    1993-01-01

    Relates the history of credit cards, their evolution to current forms, and innovations (debit cards, token cards, smart cards). Considers their sociocultural impact. Provides a design brief, including objectives, resources, evaluation criteria, outcomes, and a quiz. (SK)

  18. 18 CFR 367.1880 - Account 188, Research, development, or demonstration expenditures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Debits § 367.1880 Account... Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC...

  19. 18 CFR 367.1830 - Account 183, Preliminary survey and investigation charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Debits § 367.1830 Account... Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC...

  20. 18 CFR 367.1900 - Account 190, Accumulated deferred income taxes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Debits § 367.1900 Account 190, Accumulated... ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING...

  1. 18 CFR 367.1890 - Account 189, Unamortized loss on reacquired debt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Debits § 367.1890 Account 189... FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY...

  2. Incentives at the counter: An empirical analysis of surcharging card payment and payment behaviour in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Wilko Bolt; Nicole Jonker; Corry van Renselaar

    2008-01-01

    In card payment systems, no-surcharge rules prohibit merchants from charging consumers extra for card payments. However, Dutch retailers are allowed to surcharge consumers for their debit card use. This allows an empirical analysis of the impact of surcharging on the demand for debit card services, and the effect of removing the no-surcharge rule on card acceptance by retailers and on consumer payment choice. Based on consumer and retailer survey data, our analysis shows that surcharging stee...

  3. Case series

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    28 août 2015 ... tumeur abdominale d'espace, le prélèvement n'était pas tumoral. Discussion ... permet d'identifier et d'éviter les vaisseaux sanguins [4]. On utilise ... infections chez des enfants déjà altérés ou une diffusion de la tumeur le ...

  4. MAQUETTE ORL Décembre 2004

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les prélèvements sanguins ont été effectués ... les seuils pathologiques observés chez les témoins ; valeurs du magnésium plasmatique et globulaire observées chez les malades. .... des enfants et des adolescents et les performances du.

  5. 1731-IJBCS-Article-Ngbolua K. N

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    En Afrique subsaharienne, plus de 80% d'enfants atteints de l'Anémie SS meurent avant l'âge de .... et sont cytopathogènes chez l'homme (Krief et al., 2010). ... Le prélèvement d'un échantillon sanguin de 5 ml de sang total sur EDTA dans.

  6. 1787-IJBCS-Article-Victorien Dougnon

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Survenue des obstructions tubaires chez les femmes à Cotonou (Bénin) : rôle des bactéries ... prélèvements sanguins et cervicaux (bilans microbiologiques). Au total, 51,3% de femmes ... En Afrique, un enfant consolide les liens qui existent ...

  7. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    15 mars 2016 ... optiques. La coexistence de ces deux maladies chez un même individu est ... compréhension. Mr M est né d'une fratrie de 4 enfants, issus d'un ... association, Monsieur M a refusé tout prélèvement sanguin au motif qu´aucun ...

  8. Case series

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    29 juin 2017 ... par l'hôpital d'enfant du centre hospitalier universitaire (CHIS) ont montré que le ... Les prélèvements ont été effectués, pour chacun des patients de ... et A/C le frottis sanguin ne présente pas de particularités, chez les.

  9. Echinacea sanguinea and Echinacea pallida extracts stimulate glucuronidation and basolateral transfer of Bauer alkamids 8 and 10 and ketone 24 and inhibit p-glycoprotein transporter in Caco-2 cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    The use of Echinacea as a medicinal herb is prominent in the United States, and many studies have assessed the effectiveness of Echinacea as an immunomodulator. We hypothesized that Bauer alkamides 8, 10 and 11 and ketone 24 were absorbed similarly either as pure compounds or from Echinacea sanguin...

  10. Original Paper Performances comparées du HDL-cholestérol et du ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    CT/HDL-C) et du HDL-Cholestérol est le meilleur prédicteur du SMet chez les adultes béninois. L'étude de ..... d'hypertension artérielle avaient observé qu'une ... facteurs tels que l'alimentation et l'activité physique sur les lipides sanguins.

  11. Mycetoma caused by Nocardia brasiliensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kar P

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available One case of actinomycetoma caused by Nocardia brasiliensis presented with a swelling on the right ankle with multiple sinuses discharging sero-sanguinous material without any granules. He was treated successfully with dapsone followed by surgical excision of the swelling and skin graft.

  12. Detection of permethrin resistance and fipronil tolerance in Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae) in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Permethrin is a commonly used acaricide for tick control on domestic animals and in residential environments, while fipronil use is restricted to on-animal treatment. Following widespread reports of permethrin and fipronil application failures to control indoor infestations of Rhipicephalus sanguin...

  13. Self, Situation and Escape from Stigmatized Ethnic Identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berreman, Gerald D.

    Anyone familiar with current internal political problems in India cannot remain sanguine about the passivity of her oppressed ethnic minorities, be they defined by caste, religion, or heritage; nor can anyone be, who looks at the long history of religious conversion and reform in India, for every success along these lines in the past 2500 years…

  14. The Ultimate Challenge: Prove B. F. Skinner Wrong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chance, Paul

    2007-01-01

    For much of his career, B. F. Skinner displayed the optimism that is often attributed to behaviorists. With time, however, he became less and less sanguine about the power of behavior science to solve the major problems facing humanity. Near the end of his life he concluded that a fair consideration of principles revealed by the scientific…

  15. BLOOD DONORS CAMPAIGN

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    A blood donors campaign, organized by the Centre de Transfusion Sanguine of Geneva will be held at CERN on Tuesday 13 March 2001 in restaurant nr 2, from 9.00 to 16.30 hrs If you already have a card giving your blood group, please bring this with you.

  16. BLOOD DONORS CAMPAIGN

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2002-01-01

    Tuesday 19 March 2002 in restaurant nr 2, from 9.00 to 16.30 hrs A blood donors campaign, organized by the Centre de Transfusion sanguine of Geneva If you already have a card giving your blood group, please bring this with you.

  17. [A dynamic study of blood flow in patients with unilateral obstruction of the iliac artery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno Padilla, F; Díez Herranz, M; Peñafiel Marfil, R; García Rospide, V; González Ríos, L; Ramosa Bruno, J; Ros Die, E

    1991-01-01

    Sanguineous flow is studied in a group of patients with unilateral obliteration of iliac artery. This flow was particularly studied during exercise with the purpose of determinate the modifications on the flow produced by exercise. For this purpose, 11 patients with no associated pathologies were studied during more than a year follow-up.

  18. Atomizer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fixed stereo electroacoustic music, included in Robert Voisey’s (Curator) VoxNovus 60×60 Dance, 60×60 2010 International Mix and 60×60 Sanguine Mix projects. Performed internationally, including Stratford Circus, London, UK. Full performance listings and press available online....

  19. 27 Segmentation par logique floue pour l'estimation du nombre de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    bagui kossan olivier

    l'estimation du nombre de globules rouges dans l'image d'un frottis sanguin. ... In this work, we studied the inclusion of fuzzy logic in the segmentation process ..... la variabilité entre images peut être estimée et permet une augmentation de la.

  20. Metode Irigasi Tetes dan Perlakuan Komposisi Bahan Organik dalam Budidaya Stroberi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afik Hardanto

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Strawberry is a commercial fruit. It’s Growth and quality is influenced by soil condition, climate, and its self. Irrigation influences soil characteristic, such as: physical, chemical, and microbiological than influence an environment of its growth. this research used drip irrigation method with debit variation and organic matter composition. RCBD was used in this research. Variation of irrigation debit and organic matter composition are the independent variables, whereas dependent variables are C-Organic, N-available, characteristic of soil, and quality of strawberry fruit. Variation of debit irrigation did not significant influence to C-Organic, whereas organic matter composition had significant influence to C-Organic in 63th, 84th, and 105th day of planting. The highest C-Organic content on D3P3 treatment that is 17.92% and the lowest on D2P2 treatment that is 5.19%. Debit of irrigation influence to N-available content in 105th day of planting. The highest N-available content in D3P1 treatment that is 0.88 ppm, whereas the lowest N-available content in D2P3 treatment that is 0.67 ppm. Result of analysis, debit irrigation had significant influence and could increase fruit weight and reduction sugar-content. Organic matter composition had significant influence to increase fruit weight, vitamin C, total of soluble-solid, and reduction sugar-content. Combination of irrigation debit and organic matter composition had significant influence to fruit weight. In the treatment, debit of irrigation that make good influence to fruit quality is 300 ml/day/polybag and 1:2 ratio of organic matter composition.

  1. 什么因素影响正规农户小额信贷——基于“北大花旗”数据库的农民家庭借贷行为调查%The Factors and Extent that Have Resulted in Formal Farmers Microcredit:An Empirical Research of Farmers' Debit Behavior Base on the Data of "Peking University-Citibank"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭燕芝; 李维扬

    2015-01-01

    阐述了农户小额信贷“正规化”趋势的渊源以及实现这一转变的基本方法.从小额联保和动态激励两个方面对正规农户小额信贷技术进行了分析,在此基础上通过对“北大花旗”数据库中1 581户样本农民的借贷行为进行分析后发现,抵押品、贷款证、非农收入、农业保险等因素不同程度上影响着我国正规农户小额信贷的业务发展,各级政府应完善农村地区经济模式、产业模式以及征信体系等方面的机制,发挥正规农户小额信贷的联接作用,破解农村金融难题.

  2. Comparison of the impact on life quality of boosts in iodine-125 and high rate iridium-192 curie-therapy associated with a conformational radiotherapy in prostate cancers of stage II or III according to Amico; Comparaison de l'impact sur la qualite de vie des boosts par curietherapie par iode-125 et par iridium-192 de haut debit associee a une radiotherapie conformationnelle dans les cancers de la prostate de stade II ou III selon d'Amico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guerif, S.; Chung, C.; Lavigne, B.; Boissonnade, O.; Lavigne, B.; Godon, J.B.; Bolan, G.; Fontaine, G.; Bensadoun, R.J. [Pole regional de cancerologie, Poitiers (France)

    2011-10-15

    As there is no consensus about the curie-therapy boost modality to be chosen in the case of prostate cancers of stage II or III according to Amico, and as two modalities are available (iodine-125 curie-therapy, and high dose rate curie-therapy), the authors report a comparison between these two modalities in terms of impact on life quality during the first year. They indicate the treatment procedures and discuss the results obtained in terms of urinary toxicity, an the influence of dose escalation. Life quality has also been assessed by questionnaires. Short communication

  3. [Characteristics of central nervous system activity in patients with complications of arterial hypertension and dependence on psychomotor status and treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usenko, A G; Velichko, N P; Usenko, G A; Nishcheta, O V; Kozyreva, T Iu; Demin, A A

    2013-01-01

    Changes in certain CNS characteristics were used as indicators of the efficacy of antihypertensive therapy (AHT) both targeted (T-AHT) and empirical (E-AHT) designed to suppress activity of the sympathetic component of vegetative nervous system (VNS) and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) in patients of different psychic status and AH. A group of 835 men (mean age 54.2+-1.8yr) was divided into cholerics, sanguinics, melancholics and phlegmatics with a high and low anxiety level (HA and LA). 416 healthy men served as controls. The following parameters were estimated: mobility of cortical processes, balance between sympathetic and parasympathetic activities, blood corrisol and aldosterone levels, oxygen utilization coefficient, resistance to breath holding, severity of dyscirculatory encephalopathy and the fraction of patients with AH complications during 12 month T-AHT for the suppression of sympathetic activity in cholerics and sanguinics by beta-adrenoblockers and PAA C- ACE inhibitors in phlegmatics and melancholics and during E-AHT (ACE inhibitors in cholerics and sanguinics, BAB in phlegmatics and melancholics). The functional activity of CNS in phlegmatics and melancholics before and during AHT was lower and severity of encephalopathy and the number ofAH complications higher than in cholerics and sanguinics. . The changes wiere more pronounced in patients with HA than in those with LA. Unlike E-AHT T-AHT (anxiolytics for cholerics and sanguinics with HA, antidepressants for phlegmatics and melancholics with HA) normalized the study parameters and decreased the frequency of complications by 2-3 times.

  4. Perancangan dan Simulasi MRAC untui Proses Pengendalian Temperatur pada Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amelia Sylvia

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Temperatur merupakan salah satu variabel proses dasar yang dikendalikan untuk menjaga suhu cairan di dalam reaktor. Model Reference Adaptive Controller (MRAC dengan MIT rule dipilih untuk mencapai spesifikasi respon yang diinginkan pada CSTR. Beban yang bervariasi berupa debit aliran likuid yang masuk ke dalam reaktor dapat menyebabkan perubahan parameter yang mempengaruhi perubahan temperatur output produk pada CSTR. Sebuah simulasi dilakukan dengan menggunakan MATLAB dan hasilnya dianalisa. Respon plant dapat melakukan adaptasi parameter – parameter kontrolernya cukup baik pada nilai gain adaptasi dengan rentang 0.00000010000 sampai 0.00000000001. Waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk mengatasi beban yang bervariasi berupa debit aliran yang masuk ke dalam reaktor dengan nilai yang maksimal (1.5 m^3/min menghasilkan respon plant lebih cepat 42 detik dari pada debit aliran masuk dengan nilai yang nominal (1 m^3/min 63 detik dan minimal (0.5 m^3/min 75 detik.

  5. Preventing the threat of credit-card fraud: Factors influencing cashiers' identification-checking behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downing, Christopher; Howard, E Henry; Goodwin, Christina; Geller, E Scott

    2016-01-01

    Two studies examined factors influencing cashiers' identification (ID)-checking behavior in order to inform the development of interventions to prevent credit-card fraud. In both studies, research assistants made credit purchases in various stores and noted the cashiers' ID-checking behavior. In the first study, the store type, whether the cashier swiped the credit/debit card, the amount of the purchase, and whether the credit/debit card was signed significantly influenced ID-checking behavior. In the second study, an A-B-A design was used to evaluate the impact of a "Check my ID" prompt placed on the credit/debit card. The prompt increased cashiers' ID-checking behavior from 5.9% at Baseline to 10.3% during the Intervention. When the prompt was removed, the cashiers' ID-checking behavior decreased to 7.2%. Implications for further intervention research to prevent credit-card fraud are discussed.

  6. Arïiele de Revue Parasitoses Génito-Urinaires

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les oeufs c-alciflés ont été retrouvés chez des. 206 ... dans le courant sanguin pour s'emboliser dans différentes organes où ils ..... localisation est peu fréquente chez l'enfant. En grossissant, le .... Le prélèvement vaginal met en évidence les.

  7. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    25 nov. 2015 ... paludisme, rare chez l'enfant [1]. Elle est caractérisée par la ... Au frottis sanguin on retrouvait une absence de schizocytes, le test de ... pathologique du prélèvement de la ponction biopsie rénale. L'anémie était sévère à 7g/dl ...

  8. Cardiovascular rehabilitation. Results in the cardiology service.

    OpenAIRE

    Juan José Navarro López; Roberto S. Vega Hernández.; Claudio González Rodríguez; Teresa Rodríguez Rodríguez

    2004-01-01

    Fundaments: Physical exercise produces changes in almost all the organism systems, the cardiovascular function is the main affected, important changes happen in the central heart bomb and in the outlying vasomotor regulation of the sanguine distribution. It has been demonstrated that the exercise favors modifications in the risk factors that comprises the lipídic patron, the glicemia, the overweight and some described more recently as the fibrinogen and the factor...

  9. Résistance osmotique et phosphatides du sang

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brinkman, Robert

    1922-01-01

    1. La détermination de la résistance osmotique des globules sanguins se faisait, jusqu'iei, presque toujours au moyen d'une solution de NaCl pure. Or, d'un point de vue de biologie générale une telle solution doit être considérée comme peu appropriée à ce genre de recherches, parce qu'elle exerce un

  10. Tick and flea infestation in a captive Margay Leopardus wiedii (Schinz, 1821) (Carnivora: Felidae: Felinae) in Peru

    OpenAIRE

    Quevedo, M; Gomez, L; J. Lescano

    2014-01-01

    Interaction between wild and domestic animals can increase the risk for transmission of parasites in both directions, and thus, affects the ecology of diseases. Wild felids have been proven to be sensitive to infectious agents commonly found in domestic animals, and those agents have had detrimental effects on wildlife conservation. A margay Leopardus wiedii which had been kept captive as a pet for about fifteen days, was found moderately infested with the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguin...

  11. Analysis behaviour of free radicals produced by ionizing radiations in human blood by EPR for biological dosimetry in patients; Analisis del comportamiento de los radicales libre en la radiolisis de la sangre por EPR para dosimetria biologia en pacientes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendoza, O. O.; Almanza, A.; Plazas, M. M. C.

    2006-07-01

    In this work is analyzed the biological dosimetry of the free radicals produced by ionizing radiations in human blood obtained by EPR and the biological behaviour of samples In-Vitro, with Rh: O+, in tubes with EDTA (Acid Etilen Diamino Tetracetic) the samples was extracted of the main investigator, these samples were radiated with gammas of ''60Co of a Theratron 780 between plates of PMMA to a depth of Z{sub m}ax of 0.5 cm and between doses 1 to 25 Gy. In these results the behaviors of signal the free radicals presented a increasing a their intensity depending on applied dose, of equal way are results of the biologic dosimetry displayed in sanguineous populations like. White Globules, Red. Platelets etc, to being compared with Resonance Paramagnetic Electronic (EPR). The results show changes in sanguineous populations in high doses (D>10 Gy) in the case of lymphocytes, granulocitos, macusanita, plaquetas, hemoglobina, haematocrit with change similarly in medium and low doses (D>10Gy) in linfocites, platelets, granulocytes, monocytes and the haematocrit. A sanguineous sample without radiating analyzes by EPR giving the presence of signals with values of g=2.13 2,41 in blood. For the first certain value of g authors have associated it to free radicals like: globin (Fe(IV)=0) or Cu''+ incorporated to the ceruloplasmin molecule. (Author)

  12. 75 FR 9987 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Depository Trust Company; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-04

    ...\\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). \\2\\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 61249 (December 29, 2009), 75 FR 0947....\\5\\ EuroCCP will be subject to the same net debit cap \\6\\ and collateral monitor (``Risk Management... queue that recycles until another transaction or payment creates credits in the participant's...

  13. 78 FR 9754 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc.; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-11

    ... capital'' means net capital reduced by the greater of the minimum dollar net capital requirement or two percent of combined aggregate debit items as shown in the Formula for Reserve Requirements pursuant to 17... change, as modified by Amendment No. 1, is consistent with the requirements of the Exchange Act, and the...

  14. 40 CFR 63.2240 - What are the compliance options and operating requirements and how must I meet them?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Calculation of required and actual mass removal. Limit emissions of total HAP, as defined in § 63.2292, to... ER72AD04.002 Where: RMR = required mass removal of total HAP from all process units generating debits (i.e... that are either uncontrolled or under-controlled), pounds per semiannual period; AMR = actual...

  15. 40 CFR 63.652 - Emissions averaging provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... debits; (4) Wastewater that is not process wastewater or wastewater streams treated in biological... emission rate if wastewater stream i is treated to a level more stringent than the reference control... processes, that treat wastewater stream i in reducing the emission potential of organic HAP m in...

  16. 17 CFR 256.101 - Service company property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Service company property. 256...) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Balance Sheet Accounts: Assets and Other Debit Accounts § 256.101...

  17. 12 CFR 210.26 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) As of adjustment means a debit or credit, for reserve or clearing balance maintenance purposes only... and operated by the Federal Reserve Banks that is used primarily for the transmission and settlement... to accounts maintained at one Federal Reserve Bank. (h) Off-line bank means a bank that...

  18. The effects of payment instruments on charitable giving: Evidence from a field experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soetevent, A.R.

    2008-01-01

    This study reports on a door-to-door field experiment on the effects of introducing portable debit terminals for mobile payment authorization on the contributions to charity. About 4,500 households are approached, randomly divided in three experimental treatments, distinguished by the possibility fo

  19. 40 CFR 86.1861-04 - How do the Tier 2 and interim non-Tier 2 NOX averaging, banking and trading programs work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 2 NOX averaging, banking and trading programs work? 86.1861-04 Section 86.1861-04 Protection of... Vehicles § 86.1861-04 How do the Tier 2 and interim non-Tier 2 NOX averaging, banking and trading programs work? (a) General provisions for Tier 2 credits and debits. (1) A manufacturer whose Tier 2...

  20. Payment Cards Market Competition Heats Up

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGPEI

    2005-01-01

    China is widely recognized to be one of the domestic payment card markets with greatest potential. According to statistics from the People's Bank of China, the country's central bank, the number of bank cards in China had risen to 76z million as of the end of 2004, a figure that included 663 million debit cards and 98 million credit cards.

  1. 78 FR 13924 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Depository Trust Company; Notice of Filing Amendment No. 2 and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    ... Order Approving Proposed Rule Change, as Modified by Amendment No. 2, To Reduce Liquidity Risk Relating... reduce liquidity risk relating to DTC's processing of maturity and income presentments (``Maturity... DTC's risk management controls such as the Collateral Monitor (``CM'') \\8\\ and net debit cap (``Net...

  2. 78 FR 14793 - Advancing Interoperability and Health Information Exchange

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-07

    ... foreign country equivalent; passport number; financial account number; credit or debit card number; any... England Journal of Medicine 2003 348: 2635-45. See also, Rosenbaum, R., ``Data Governance and Stewardship... appropriate share of the costs, risks and governance. States could propose to implement HIE infrastructure...

  3. 78 FR 26289 - Guides for the Jewelry, Precious Metals, and Pewter Industries: Public Roundtable

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-06

    ...-based form. If you prefer to file your comment on paper, mail or deliver your comment to the following...,'' ``rolled gold plated,'' and ``gold overlay''). \\16\\ See Sec. 23.6(d) (regarding representations that all or... foreign country equivalent, passport number, financial account number, or credit or debit card number....

  4. Coming Soon: The Cashless Campus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peskin, Carole Ann; McDemmond, Marie

    1994-01-01

    Increasing use of credit on college campuses raises important policy questions and planning needs. Credit and debit card use varies, and most institutions are studying, experimenting, and inventing uses. Although use of credit improves cash flow, streamlines payments and services, and increases income, there are also costs to the institution. (MSE)

  5. 13 CFR 115.63 - Allotment of guarantee authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...'s allotment for an amount equal to the guarantee percentage of the estimated penal sum of the Final... allotment for an amount equal to the guarantee percentage of the penal sum of the Final Bond. SBA will debit... penal sum of the bond. In that event, the Surety must notify SBA as soon as possible, but in no...

  6. 77 FR 50736 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; National Securities Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-22

    ... default pricing matrix to assign values to certain items transferred through NSCC's Automated Customer... to be processed through NSCC's Continuous Net Settlement (``CNS'') system \\5\\ (and for CNS-eligible... settlement date, the Delivering Member's NSCC money settlement account will include a debit, or an...

  7. 75 FR 61536 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; National Securities Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... processing platform for alternative investment products such as hedge funds, fund of hedge funds, commodities... their option. \\4\\ Securities and Exchange Act Release No. 57813 (May 12, 2008), 73 FR 28539 (May 16... must fully fund its debits before receiving its credit. In the event of a failure, NSCC does not...

  8. 31 CFR 542.409 - Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....S. financial institutions. 542.409 Section 542.409 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating.... financial institutions from performing under any existing credit agreements, including, but not limited to, charge cards, debit cards, or other credit facilities issued by a U.S. financial institution to a...

  9. 31 CFR 548.409 - Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....S. financial institutions. 548.409 Section 548.409 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating.... financial institutions from performing under any existing credit agreements, including, but not limited to, charge cards, debit cards, or other credit facilities issued by a U.S. financial institution to a...

  10. 31 CFR 543.409 - Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....S. financial institutions. 543.409 Section 543.409 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating.... financial institutions from performing under any existing credit agreements, including, but not limited to, charge cards, debit cards, or other credit facilities issued by a U.S. financial institution to a...

  11. 31 CFR 587.408 - Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....S. financial institutions. 587.408 Section 587.408 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial institutions. Section 587.201 on dealing in property..., debit cards, or other credit facilities issued by a U.S. financial institution to a person designated...

  12. 31 CFR 541.408 - Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....S. financial institutions. 541.408 Section 541.408 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating.... financial institutions from performing under any existing credit agreements, including, but not limited to, charge cards, debit cards, or other credit facilities issued by a U.S. financial institution to a...

  13. 31 CFR 546.409 - Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....S. financial institutions. 546.409 Section 546.409 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating.... financial institutions from performing under any existing credit agreements, including, but not limited to, charge cards, debit cards, or other credit facilities issued by a U.S. financial institution to a...

  14. 78 FR 77026 - Children's Online Privacy Protection Rule Proposed Parental Consent Method; iVeriFly, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... Commission, Washington, DC 20580. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section A. Background On October 20, 1999, the..., in light of available technology, to ensure that the person providing consent is the child's parent... number, financial account number, or credit or debit card number. You are also solely responsible...

  15. 5 CFR 1690.1 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., profit-sharing plan, defined benefit plan, stock bonus plan, and money purchase plan; an annuity plan... the TSP and that has authority to make personnel compensation decisions for the individual. It.... Posting means the process of crediting or debiting transactions to an individual account. Posting date...

  16. 17 CFR 256.411.5 - Investment tax credit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Investment tax credit. 256.411... HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.411.5 Investment tax credit. (a) This account shall be debited with the amounts of investment tax credits related to service company property...

  17. 12 CFR Supplement I to Part 205 - Official Staff Interpretations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) Access Device 1. Examples. The term access device includes debit cards, personal identification numbers... collection system, such as through transmission of electronic check images. Paragraph 3(b)(2)—Electronic Fund... by a telephone order to a stockbroker to buy or sell securities or to exercise a margin call....

  18. Effects of Simulation to Teach Students with Disabilities Basic Finance Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowe, Dawn A.; Test, David W.

    2013-01-01

    This study used a multiple probe design across participants to examine the effects of classroom simulation using static picture prompts to teach students to make a purchase using a debit card and track expenses by subtracting purchase amounts and adding deposits into a check register. Results demonstrated a functional relation between simulated…

  19. 31 CFR 206.4 - Collection and payment mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Collection and payment mechanisms... payment mechanisms. (a) All funds are to be collected and disbursed by EFT when cost-effective... method for collecting taxes. EFT mechanisms may include ACH credit or debit cards. (3) Salary...

  20. 77 FR 44711 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ... Farmers and Fishermen. Form: 2210, 2210-F. Abstract: Internal Revenue Code section 6654 imposes a penalty... credit, debit, or charge cards (offshore credit cards) or foreign banks, financial institutions... without change of a currently approved collection. Title: Energy Efficient New Home Credit. Form:...

  1. 17 CFR 256.188 - Research, development, or demonstration expenditures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Research, development, or... COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 4. Deferred Debits § 256.188 Research, development, or... of all expenditures for research, development or demonstration undertaken by or sponsored through the...

  2. 76 FR 13188 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Announcement of Board Approval Under Delegated...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-10

    ... Officer--Shagufta Ahmed--Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget... Risk (PSR) policy. A key component of the PSR policy is a limit, or a net debit cap, on an institution's negative intraday balance in its Reserve Bank account. The Federal Reserve calculates...

  3. 77 FR 35389 - EPN, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order to Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-13

    ... foreign country equivalent, passport number, financial account number, or credit or debit card number. You... include ] any `` rade secret or any commercial or financial information which is obtained from any person... of healthcare clients, physician name, insurance number, diagnosis code, and medical visit type....

  4. 77 FR 62238 - Alan B. Miller and Universal Health Services; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Orders To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-12

    ... foreign country equivalent, passport number, financial account number, or credit or debit card number. You... include any ``[t]rade secret or any commercial or financial information which * * * is privileged or... insured patients. Acute inpatient psychiatric services are those provided for the diagnosis,...

  5. 77 FR 47844 - Renown Health; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-10

    ... foreign country equivalent, passport number, financial account number, or credit or debit card number. You... include any `` rade secret or any commercial or financial information which is obtained from any person... electrophysiology services (e.g., services related to the diagnosis and treatment of heart rhythm conditions)....

  6. 77 FR 70860 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc.; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    ... the minimum dollar net capital requirement or two percent of combined aggregate debit items as shown in the Formula for Reserve Requirements pursuant to 17 CFR 240.15c3-3. The proposed rule change will... an ongoing basis the financial condition of firms. In the absence of this reporting...

  7. The Perceptions and Experiences of Students in a Paperless Accounting Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teeter, Steve; Madsen, Susan R.; Hughes, Jason; Eagar, Brent

    2007-01-01

    Although financial accounting practices in business have capitalized on the use of technology, this technology has not been fully integrated in higher education for accounting students. While traditional accounting courses laboriously involve rote transcription of debits and credits, educational technology in accounting courses may prove…

  8. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mr. TONY A

    The main sources of information on ATMs were bank personnel. (80.0%) ..... Ranking. Fraud. 1.65. 0.709. 1st. Debit without payment. 1.40. 0.718. 2nd ... perceived risk increases the likelihood of consumer adoption and the opposite is true.

  9. Data mining technique for a secure electronic payment transaction using MJk-RSA in mobile computing

    Science.gov (United States)

    G. V., Ramesh Babu; Narayana, G.; Sulaiman, A.; Padmavathamma, M.

    2012-04-01

    Due to the evolution of the Electronic Learning (E-Learning), one can easily get desired information on computer or mobile system connected through Internet. Currently E-Learning materials are easily accessible on the desktop computer system, but in future, most of the information shall also be available on small digital devices like Mobile, PDA, etc. Most of the E-Learning materials are paid and customer has to pay entire amount through credit/debit card system. Therefore, it is very important to study about the security of the credit/debit card numbers. The present paper is an attempt in this direction and a security technique is presented to secure the credit/debit card numbers supplied over the Internet to access the E-Learning materials or any kind of purchase through Internet. A well known method i.e. Data Cube Technique is used to design the security model of the credit/debit card system. The major objective of this paper is to design a practical electronic payment protocol which is the safest and most secured mode of transaction. This technique may reduce fake transactions which are above 20% at the global level.

  10. Coming Soon: The Cashless Campus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peskin, Carole Ann; McDemmond, Marie

    1994-01-01

    Increasing use of credit on college campuses raises important policy questions and planning needs. Credit and debit card use varies, and most institutions are studying, experimenting, and inventing uses. Although use of credit improves cash flow, streamlines payments and services, and increases income, there are also costs to the institution. (MSE)

  11. 17 CFR 256.181 - Unamortized debt expense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 4. Deferred Debits § 256.181 Unamortized debt expense. This account shall... amount equitably over the life of the security. The amortization shall be on a monthly basis, and...

  12. 31 CFR 560.532 - Payment for and financing of exports and reexports of agricultural commodities, medicine, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... and trade financing not authorized by the general license in paragraph (a) of this section for sales... credits to Iranian accounts on the books of U.S. depository institutions. Nothing in this section authorizes payment terms or trade financing involving debits or credits to Iranian accounts, as defined...

  13. 31 CFR 538.525 - Payment for and financing of commercial sales of agricultural commodities, medicine, and medical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... alternate payment terms. Specific licenses may be issued on a case-by-case basis for payment terms and trade... blocked accounts. Nothing in this section authorizes payment terms or trade financing involving a debit to..., or credits a transfer to the account on its books of the ultimate beneficiary, the United...

  14. 78 FR 62923 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... involving the simultaneous purchase and/or sale of two or more different option series in the same... strategy. As defined in NYSE Arca Rule 6.91, which governs Electronic Complex Order trading, an... System at a net debit/credit price for the entire strategy. Complex Orders do not include...

  15. 78 FR 62917 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... involving the simultaneous purchase and/or sale of two or more different option series in the same... strategy. As defined in Exchange Rule 980NY, which governs Electronic Complex Order trading, an... are entered into the System at a net debit/credit price for the entire strategy. Electronic...

  16. 77 FR 3069 - Modification of Interlibrary Loan Fee Schedule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-23

    ... up to date in order to support the current cost of providing the service. Elimination of the separate... Fee Management program, a debit/credit program for interlibrary loan) and eliminates the current.... Current users of the service were also notified directly by mail and invited to comment. No comments...

  17. Turning a Private Label Bank Card into a Multi-function Campus ID Card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Thomas G.; Norwood, Bill R.

    1991-01-01

    This article describes the development at Florida State University of the Seminole ACCESS card, which functions simultaneously as a bank automated teller machine card, a student identification card, and a debit card. Explained are the partnership between the university and the bank charge card center, funding system, technologies involved, and…

  18. 78 FR 2319 - Relocation of Regulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ... SAIF members through the use of a direct debit system.\\2\\ In particular, section 996.3 requires that...-backed securities, Builders, Condominium associations, Cooperative associations, Developers, Federal home..., as amended (12 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.). Bank System means the Federal Home Loan Bank System,...

  19. Secure firmware updates for point of sale terminals

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Tsague, HD

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A large number of electronic transactions are performed with credit or debit cards at point of sale terminals located at merchant stores. The success of this form of payment however, has an associated cost due to the management and maintenance...

  20. 31 CFR 547.407 - Payments from blocked accounts to satisfy obligations prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... satisfy obligations prohibited. 547.407 Section 547.407 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations § 547.407 Payments from blocked accounts to satisfy obligations prohibited. Pursuant to § 547.201, no debits may be made to a blocked...

  1. 78 FR 4369 - Rates for Interstate Inmate Calling Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-22

    ... pros or cons of debit calling? We seek comment on ICS providers' overall experiences with offering... technologies by ICS providers impacts our analysis under section 276 of the Act. To what extent are providers currently utilizing VoIP technology to provide ICS? Would the use of VoIP technology affect the authority...

  2. 18 CFR 367.1850 - Account 185, Temporary facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Debits § 367.1850 Account 185, Temporary facilities. This... facilities. 367.1850 Section 367.1850 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005,...

  3. 18 CFR 367.1840 - Account 184, Clearing accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Debits § 367.1840 Account 184, Clearing accounts. This account must include undistributed balances in clearing accounts at the date of the balance sheet... accounts. 367.1840 Section 367.1840 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...

  4. 18 CFR 367.1823 - Account 182.3, Other regulatory assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Debits § 367.1823 Account 182.3, Other regulatory... regulatory assets. 367.1823 Section 367.1823 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF...

  5. 18 CFR 367.1810 - Account 181, Unamortized debt expense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Deferred Debits § 367.1810 Account 181, Unamortized debt..., Unamortized debt expense. 367.1810 Section 367.1810 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF...

  6. Guidelines for School Property Accounting in Colorado, Part II--General Fixed Asset Accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stiverson, Clare L.

    The second publication of a series of three issued by the Colorado Department of Education is designed as a guide for local school districts in the development of a property accounting system. It defines and classifies groups of accounts whereby financial information, taken from inventory records, may be transcribed into debit and credit entries…

  7. 76 FR 67755 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security U.S. Customs and Border Protection DHS/CBP...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-02

    ... Border Protection DHS/CBP-003 Credit/Debit Card Data System of Records AGENCY: Privacy Office, DHS... Data System of Records.'' This system allows U.S. Customs and Border Protection to collect, use, and... Privacy Act protections to all individuals where systems of records maintain information on U.S. citizens...

  8. Payment Instrument Characteristics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Jacques; Kjeldsen, Martin; Hedman, Jonas

    2015-01-01

    payment innovations. Using the Repertory Grid technique to explore 15 payers’ perception of six payment instruments, including coins, banknotes, debit cards, credit cards, mobile payments, and on-line banking, we identify 16 payment characteristics. The characteristics aggregate seventy-six unique...

  9. 17 CFR 256.108 - Accumulated provision for depreciation and amortization of service company property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... depreciation and amortization of service company property. 256.108 Section 256.108 Commodity and Securities... Accounts: Assets and Other Debit Accounts § 256.108 Accumulated provision for depreciation and amortization... 403, Depreciation and amortization expense. (b) At the time of retirement of depreciable...

  10. 17 CFR 256.216 - Unappropriated retained earnings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... retained earnings. This account shall include the balance, either debit or credit, arising from earnings... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Unappropriated retained earnings. 256.216 Section 256.216 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION...

  11. 17 CFR 250.26 - Financial statement and recordkeeping requirements for registered holding companies and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... maintain a subaccount to its retained earnings account which shall be periodically debited or credited with its proportionate share of undistributed retained earnings of subsidiary companies. (3) No company... proportionate share of earnings or losses or capital changes of the subsidiary company since its acquisition...

  12. 77 FR 25658 - Negotiated Rulemaking Committee; Public Hearings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    ...-controlled process or contracted provider, particularly in view of the costs and fees associated with the use... bank account and available to the student via debit or another bank-provided card. We are interested in... campus-based Federal Student Aid programs (i.e., the Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Supplemental...

  13. 78 FR 13132 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-26

    ... times)*100 options premium multiplier = $5,000], which would satisfy the $5,000 net debit. \\6\\ The... assists Floor Brokers with pricing multi-leg orders for representation in the trading crowd as one-sided orders as well as with pricing multi-leg orders for submission for execution as a two-sided order, as...

  14. 77 FR 70444 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-26

    ... draft recommendations for meaningful use Stage 3. DATES: To be assured consideration, electronic... inspection, including any personally identifiable or confidential business information that is included in a...; passport number; financial account number; credit or debit card number; any personal health information; or...

  15. Afnor NF D 35-330. Gas-fired central heating boilers. Type B{sub 11} and B{sub 11BIS} boilers fitted with atmospheric burners of nominal heat input not exceeding 70 kW. (European standard EN 297); Afnor NF D 35-330. Chaudieres de chauffage central utilisant les combustibles gazeux. Chaudieres des types B{sub 11} et B{sub 11BIS} equipees de bruleurs atmospheriques dont le debit calorifique nominal est inferieur ou egal a 70 kW. (Norme europeenne EN 297)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-10-01

    This standard document defines the specifications and testing techniques relative to the manufacturing, safety, energy rational use, functioning capacity, classification and labeling of gas-fueled heating plants. It replaces the previous NF D 35-331 norm from November 1989 which comprised the NF D 35-331 norm from January 1980, its additives 1 (January 1980) and 2 (June 1984), its modifications 1 (July 1980), 2 (September 1986), 3 (December 1988) and 4 (November 1989) and the D 30-005 experimental norm of November 1991. (J.S.)

  16. Conformational brachytherapy from bottom to top and high dose rate by temporal trans-perineal implantation of iridium 192, associated to an external irradiation in the non metastatic cancers. Experience of 531 cases treated at the Francois Baclesse center from june 1987 to december 1997; Curietherapie conformationnelle de bas et haut debit de dose par implantation transperineale temporaire d'iridium 192, associee a une irradiation externe dans les cancers non metastatiques. Experience de 531 cas traites au centre Francois Baclesse de juin 1987 a decembre 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brune, D.; Lesaunier, J.F.; Benabid, D.; M' Vondo, M.; Thouveny, F.; Henry-Amar, M. [Centre Francois-Baclesse, 14 - Caen (France)

    2000-12-01

    This association of brachytherapy and external radiotherapy has for aim to deliver a cumulative radiation dose from 70 to 90 Gy at the prostate (urethra included), with a dose limit to the rectum and bladder at 60 Gy. (N.C.)

  17. [SHORT BOWEL SYNDROME AND NUTRITIONAL ENTERAL].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ariadel Cobo, Diana; Pereira Cunill, José Luis; Socas Macías, María; Serrano Aguayo, Pilar; Gómez Liébana, Eulalia; Morales Conde, Salvador; García Luna, Pedro Pablo

    2015-12-01

    The particularity of this case is the nutritional management that has managed to avoid the use of prolonged parenteral nutrition and possible complications by placing jejunal tube at the distal end in patients with short bowel. It is a 34-year-old colecistectomizado complicated with postoperative peritonitis and dehiscence; two years he studied with small bowel obstruction, he was made de-volvulus and was complicated with two leak at different times after the second escape took place jejunostomy side double barreled shotgun level dehiscence, presented high debits by afferent loop of the terminal jejunostomy; during admission, polyurethane probe enteral feeding was inserted by the efferent loop jejunostomy. He received jejunal tube feeding laundry in the efferent loop terminal with decreased weight gain and subsequent reconstruction of intestinal transit debit proximal jejunostomy.

  18. Application of Computational Physics: Blood Vessel Constrictions and Medical Infuses

    CERN Document Server

    Suprijadi,; Subekti, Petrus; Viridi, Sparisoma

    2013-01-01

    Application of computation in many fields are growing fast in last two decades. Increasing on computation performance helps researchers to understand natural phenomena in many fields of science and technology including in life sciences. Computational fluid dynamic is one of numerical methods which is very popular used to describe those phenomena. In this paper we propose moving particle semi-implicit (MPS) and molecular dynamics (MD) to describe different phenomena in blood vessel. The effect of increasing the blood pressure on vessel wall will be calculate using MD methods, while the two fluid blending dynamics will be discussed using MPS. Result from the first phenomenon shows that around 80% of constriction on blood vessel make blood vessel increase and will start to leak on vessel wall, while from the second phenomenon the result shows the visualization of two fluids mixture (drugs and blood) influenced by ratio of drugs debit to blood debit. Keywords: molecular dynamic, blood vessel, fluid dynamic, movin...

  19. The impact of mobile payment on payment choice

    OpenAIRE

    Trütsch, Tobias

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates the effect of mobile payment on the adoption and use of traditional payment instruments such as cash, checks, and credit, debit and prepaid cards at the point of sale (POS). Data are from a 2012 representative survey on consumer payment choice in the United States. Using discrete-choice random utility models to simulate consumer behavior, the estimation provides two major findings. First, mobile payment does not replace physical payment cards, but is likely to substitu...

  20. The Future of the Mobile Payment as Electronic Payment System

    OpenAIRE

    Bezovski, Zlatko

    2016-01-01

    The development of the Internet and the arrival of e-commerce fostered digitalization in the payment processes by providing a variety of electronic payment options including payment cards (credit and debit), digital and mobile wallets, electronic cash, contactless payment methods etc. Mobile payment services with their increasing popularity are presently under the phase of transition, heading towards a promising future of tentative possibilities along with the innovation in technology. In thi...

  1. 建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Dear Women of China,I recently moved to China, and 1 recently was hired to work for a German company in Beijing. l have started to settle down in my new city, and I would like to know how to open debit card and credit card accounts with a Chinese bank. I have heard that it can be tricky to obtain a credit card in China. I would like to be able to purchase goods on the Intemet,

  2. Emerging markets and the international financial architecture: a blueprint for reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JAN KREGEL

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available If emerging markets are to achieve their objective of joining the ranks of industrialized, developed countries, they must use their economic and political influence to support radical change in the international financial system. This working paper recommends John Maynard Keynes's "clearing union" as a blueprint for reform of the international financial architecture that could address emerging market grievances more effectively than current approaches. Keynes's proposal for the postwar international system sought to remedy some of the same problems currently facing emerging market economies. It was based on the idea that financial stability was predicated on a balance between imports and exports over time, with any divergence from balance providing automatic financing of the debit countries by the creditor countries via a global clearinghouse or settlement system for trade and payments on current account. This eliminated national currency payments for imports and exports; countries received credits or debits in a notional unit of account fixed to national currency. Since the unit of account could not be traded, bought, or sold, it would not be an international reserve currency. The credits with the clearinghouse could only be used to offset debits by buying imports, and if not used for this purpose they would eventually be extinguished; hence the burden of adjustment would be shared equally - credit generated by surpluses would have to be used to buy imports from the countries with debit balances. Emerging market economies could improve upon current schemes for regionally governed financial institutions by using this proposal as a template for the creation of regional clearing unions using a notional unit of account.

  3. Chromate Free Magnesium Gearbox Protection System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    element o 6th most abundant metal o Sea water contains ~0.15% mag  Recycling requires only 5% OEM  The BMW N52 (st6 dohc engine) crankcase shell...No increase in fatigue debit over legacy or baseline coating. lts: Result: Pass  Plastic Media Blast removal process successful in removing the...paint without removing the anodize Strip Results: Plastic Media Blast Cross section of a painted panel partially stripped via plastic media blasting

  4. Studi Kelayakan Perencanaan Bangunan Pengolahan Air Laut Menjadi Air Bersih di Wisata Bahari Lamongan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukmaputri Sadewa

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Wisata Bahari Lamongan merupakan salah satu wisata di Kabupaten Lamongan yang banyak didatangi pengunjung setiap tahunnya. Namun, di Wisata Bahari Lamongan sendiri masih memiliki kekurangan dari segi kualitas air bersih yang ada. Untuk itu direncanakan pengolahan air laut menjadi air bersih guna memperbaiki kualitas air bersih. Perencanaan pengolahan pada Tugas Akhir ini menggunakan sistem Reverse Osmosis. Perencanaan pengolahan menggunakan Reverse Osmosis didasarkan pada kebutuhan air bersih, jumlah pengunjung dan hasil kualitas air baku di Wisata Bahari Lamongan. Melalui perhitungan proyeksi menggunakan perangkat lunak Minitab 16, didapatkan total kebutuhan air setiap tahunnya sebanyak 30.200 m3/hari, dengan jumlah pengunjung yang selalu bertambah setiap tahunnya, serta didapatkan hasil kualitas air baku yaitu TDS sebesar 24.200 mg/L, kadar klorida sebesar 19.500 mg/L Cl-, dengan suhu 25’C. Dengan hasil tersebut, ditentukan pengolahan menggunakan SWRO Unit tipe BETAQUA RO-SW8-15 dengan besar debit air baku sebesar 29,31 m3/jam, debit air olahan sebesar 10,26 m3/jam  dan debit air reject sebesar 19,05 m3/jam. Air reject hasil olahan dimanfaatkan sebagai air nigari dan pemanfaatan wahana kolam apung di Wisata Bahari Lamongan. Analisa yang dilakukan untuk perencanaan pengolahan ini adalah analisa teknis dan ekonomis. Analisa teknis pada perencanaan ini dikatakan layak karena peralatan memenuhi kebutuhan untuk pengolahan, seperti tekanan pada Reverse Osmosis sebesar 12 bar, kapasitas debit untuk air baku dan air bersih memenuhi syarat. Sedangkan untuk analisa ekonomis, dibagi menjadi tiga kondisi antara lain : perencanaan dengan sistem konvensional, perencanaan dengan Reverse Osmosis metode tiket individual, dan perencanaan dengan sistem Reverse Osmosis metode tiket terusan. Dari ketiga kondisi tersebut, dipilih kondisi ketiga karena memenuhi secara ekonomis, dengan nilai NPV sebesar Rp 9.710.530.215 , nilai IRR sebesar 21% dimana nilai IRR

  5. 17 CFR 240.15c3-3a - Exhibit A-formula for determination reserve requirement of brokers and dealers under § 240.15c3-3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... determination reserve requirement of brokers and dealers under § 240.15c3-3. 240.15c3-3a Section 240.15c3-3a... Rules Relating to Over-The-Counter Markets § 240.15c3-3a Exhibit A—formula for determination reserve requirement of brokers and dealers under § 240.15c3-3. Credits Debits 1. Free credit balances and other...

  6. Carbon in Spanish electric system; El carbon en el sistema electrico espanol

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menendez Perez, E.; Camara Rascon, A.

    2002-07-01

    In this document is analysed the electrical Spanish system in the horizon of the three next decades, revising the different sources of generation, but with the look focused specifically toward the paper that the coal must play in the same, having basically to debit the questions of energetic security, environmental incidence that implies the use of the coal, and the social and economic aspects. (Author)

  7. Construction and Pre-Test of a Semantic Expressiveness Measure for Conceptual Models

    OpenAIRE

    Poels, G; Maes, A.; Gailly, F; R. PAEMELEIRE

    2004-01-01

    One quality attributed to McCarthy’s Resources-Events-Agents (REA) accounting model is semantic expressiveness. Compared to accounting models without a semantic orientation like the Debit-Credit-Account (DCA) model, the REA model is claimed to better represent the economic phenomena underlying an accounting system. The alleged benefits of this increased semantic expressiveness include easier integration with representations of non-accounting information and better user understanding of accoun...

  8. Software Development Kit for Internet Payment Gateway Service

    OpenAIRE

    Larjomaa, Jonni

    2016-01-01

    In this thesis a Software Development Kit (SDK) was developed which simplifies the integration work of an Internet payment gateway service called the Payment Highway to a PHP based electronic commerce solution. The Payment Highway is an Internet payment gateway solution developed by a software company called Solinor Oy. The payment gateway acts as middleware for authorizations, credit and debit transactions securely storing and handling the consumers’ credit card information. PHP is a...

  9. A managerial approach to costing fixed assets in health care organizations: the role of depreciation and interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldschmidt, Y; Gafni, A

    1991-01-01

    The economic aspect of depreciation and interest on capital are incorporated within a managerial accounting framework by treating both items as imputed charges to be debited to the users of the assets' services. The costs of these services is examined for individual assets that provide either uniform or declining service over the expected life, and for a stock of assets where the character of the individual assets is ignored. By using imputed charges, the hospital's net income is allocated to its sources.

  10. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    28 janv. 2013 ... Portage de l'antigène HBs et des anticorps anti-VHC chez le drépanocytaire homozygote à l'Hôpital ... prélèvement de 5 ml de sang veineux a été effectué. Le sérum était ... et chaque année il nait au moins 200 000 enfants atteints ... sanguins basées sur l'utilisation des techniques plus sensibles pour.

  11. Projet Monica, enquête de population 1984/1985 dans les cantons de Vaud et Fribourg : rapport final sur l'analyse de la plombémie

    OpenAIRE

    Berode, Michèle; Guillemin, Michel; Rickenbach, Martin; Wietlisbach, Vincent

    1986-01-01

    Le dosage du plomb sanguin a été inclus dans l'enquête MONICA (MONItoring of trends and determinants in CArdiovascular disease) sur un échantillon représentatif de la population des cantons de Fribourg et de Vaud. Les résultats sont présentés en trois sections: 1) Distribution de la plombémie en fonction de quelques variables spécifiques: variables socio-démographiques, facteurs de risque classiques des maladies cardio-vasculaires, variables sur certaines habitudes alimentaires; 2) Analyse di...

  12. Le Valais bilingue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathieu Petite

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Le Valais est l’un des trois cantons bilingues de la Suisse. 63 % de sa population parle le français dans la partie ouest du canton et 28 % l’allemand dans sa partie est. Ce « plurilinguisme de juxtaposition » (pour reprendre le terme d’André-Louis Sanguin dans sa Géographie politique de la Suisse soulève des questions politiques et sociales qu’ambitionne de traiter l’ouvrage des linguistes Iwar Werlen, Verena Tunger et Ursula Frei. Le constat auquel aboutit cette recherche sur le bilinguism...

  13. Gothic roots: Brockden Brown's Wieland, American identity, and American literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata R. Mautner Wasserman

    2012-11-01

    Charles Brockden Brown’s Wieland (1798, one of the first novels by an American author set in the newly formed United States, and dealing with American topics, is generally classed as a “Gothic” novel and read as exploring issues of national identity. The Gothic form, popular in English literature, where it gave sensationalistic treatment to matters of gender, class, national identity and religious affiliation, proved adaptable to conditions overseas. Wieland, however, is less sanguine about the success of the nation-building and independence-achieving enterprise than other, later, novels of American national identity.

  14. The Effectiveness of Intergovernmental Lobbying Mechanisms in the American Federal System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justin Gollob

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The national and state governments share power in the American federal system. However, to the chagrin of states, the federal government often has the upper hand in intergovernmental relations. This article explores how state legislators perceive the health of federalism in the United States and examines the tools that they use to influence policy enactment and implementation in Washington, DC. It concludes that states are less than sanguine about federal-state relations and that they use a wide array of tools to take their message to the federal government even though they question their effectiveness.

  15. Système immunitaire artificiel pour la reconnaissance du diabète

    OpenAIRE

    BENDIABDELLAH, Mohamed Hakim

    2011-01-01

    Le diabète est une affection chronique qui demeure incurable encore aujourd’hui. Elle est la conséquence d’une carence ou d’une mauvaise gestion de l’insuline dans l’organisme, ce qui cause une élévation du taux de sucre dans le sang. En plus le diabète augmente les risques de développer des maladies cardiaques, des maladies rénales, des lésions nerveuses, et peut causer des dommages aux vaisseaux sanguins. L'utilisation de systèmes experts et des techniques d'intelligence arti...

  16. Poliartritis asociada a hepatozoonosis canina: descripción de un caso

    OpenAIRE

    Iveli, Sebastián; Casas, Luciano; Machuca, Mariana; Eiras, Diego Fernando; del Amo, Alicia

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir un caso de poliartritis asociada a Hepatozoon canis en un canino, mestizo, macho, de 5 meses de edad. El paciente presentaba fiebre (40,1 ºC), mucosas pálidas, linfonódulos superficiales ligeramente aumentados de tamaño, dolor lumbar, aumento de tamaño de varias articulaciones y abundantes garrapatas (Rhipicephalus sanguineous). En los extendidos sanguíneos se constató la presencia de gamontes de Hepatozoon sp. en el citoplasma de los neutrófilos. El ...

  17. [Embolism of the humeral artery originating in a thrombosed axillo-femoral bypass].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barba, A; Escribano, J V; García-Alfageme, A

    1992-01-01

    A case of a patient, with acute arterial ischemia at the upper limb is reported. On this case, ischemia was caused by humeral arterial embolism. The embolic origin was focused on the proximal end of a thrombosed axillofemoral bypass. After a rude manipulation during surgical procedure, part of the thrombus, following the sanguineous current, occluded the humeral artery. Patient underwent an emergent surgery. Posterior course was good. Histology showed a re-epithelialized, ancient thrombus. Cardiologic studies and angiography showed no others embolic focuses.

  18. Explosive Pleuritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satish Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Pleural effusions associated with pneumonia (parapneumonic effusions are one of the most common causes of exudative pleural effusions in the world. Approximately 20 to 40% of patients hospitalized with pneumonia will have an accompanying pleural effusion. The term 'Explosive pleuritis' was originally described by Braman and Donat in 1986 as pleural effusions developing within hours of admission. We report a 38 years old male patient with minimal pleural effusion which progressed rapidly within one day to involve almost whole of the hemithorax. There were multiple loculations on ultrasonography of thorax. Pleural fluid was sero-sanguinous and revealed gram positive diplococcic. The patient improved with antibiotics and pigtail catheter drainage.

  19. Evaluation of pleural and pericardial effusions by magnetic resonance imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tscholakoff, D.; Sechtem, U.; De Geer, G.; Schmidt, H.; Higgins, C.B.

    1987-08-01

    MR examinations of 36 patients with pleural and/or pericardial effusions were retrospectively evaluated. The purpose of this study was to determine of MR imaging is capable of differentiating between pleural and pericardial effusions of different compositions using standard electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated and nongated spin echo pulse sequences. Additional data was obtained from experimental pleural effusions in 10 dogs. The results of this study indicate that old haemorhages into the pleural or pericardial space can be differentiated from other pleural or pericardial effusions. However, further differentiation between transudates, exudates and sanguinous effusions is not possible on MR images acquired with standard spin echo pulse sequences. (orig./MG)

  20. Niestymulująca tradycja: wpływ temperamentu na preferencje w sztuce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Rządkowska

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the effect of temperament on preferences for painted artwork. Our preferences are determined by different personality traits. The study presented here was a replication of the current study of Terror Management Theory (TMT with the structures of temperament as individual differences. The results showed significant differences in preferences for traditional and modern art, depending on the degree of harmonization of the temperamental structures. Sanguines and melancholics in the no fear condition evaluated modern art most highly, however in the fear condition they evaluated traditional art most highly. This effect confirms the importance of individual differences and the situational variability of preferences in art.

  1. Evaluasi Kinerja Instalasi Pengolahan Lumpur Tinja (IPLT Keputih, Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaby Dian Mega

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Instalasi Pengolahan Lumpur Tinja (IPLT Keputih merupakan instalasi pengolah lumpur tinja di Kota Surabaya yang berdiri pada tahun 1991 dengan kapasitas desain 400 m3/hari. Prinsip pengolahan IPLT adalah pengolahan fisik dan pengolahan biologis. Saat ini effluen IPLT Keputih memiliki kualitas yang hanya memenuhi baku mutu Kepmen LH No.5/2014 dengan nilai Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD5 72 mg/L, tetapi belum memenuhi baku mutu Pergub Jatim No.72/2013. Pada studi ini dilakukan evaluasi kondisi eksisting dengan kriteria desain dan rekomendasi, baik dari segi operasi maupun proses untuk setiap unit bangunan agar effluen pengolahan memenuhi baku mutu. Debit influen IPLT eksisting adalah 137 m3/hari dengan kapasitas desain 400 m3/hari. Kandungan solid inlet sebesar 4,80%. Solid separation chamber memiliki kandungan solid outlet sebesar 5,87% dan direkomendasikan menjadi 20%. Oxidation ditch memiliki nilai Food to Mass (F/M ratio sebesar 0,01 dengan rekomendasi ditingkatkan menjadi 0,023.  Final Clarifier (FC memiliki debit resirkulasi sebesar 23,80 m3/s. Berdasarkan rekomendasi, debit resirkulasi FC sebesar 18,31 m3/s, dengan weir loading rate sebesar 6,84m3/m.hari. Sludge drying bed memiliki kandungan solid pada lumpur kering sebesar 63,14% dan direkomendasikan menjadi 80%. Drying area memiliki kandungan solid pada lumpur kering sebesar 61,16% dan direkomendasikan menjadi 80%.

  2. Studi Angkutan Sedimen Sudetan Pelangwot-Sedayu Lawas Sungai Bengawan Solo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chandra Murprabowo Mudjib

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Sungai Bengawan Solo merupakan salah satu sungai terpanjang di Indonesia yang mengalir mulai dari area hulu di Kabupaten Wonogiri dan Ponorogo hingga ke area hilir di Kabupaten Gresik. Perubahan fungsi lahan di area hulu dan peningkatan debit yang melalui Sungai Bengawan Solo membuat banjir terjadi di area hilir sungai yakni di Kabupaten Bojonegoro dan Kabupaten Gresik. Sudetan Pelangwot sepanjang 13 km merupakan saluran yang dibuat untuk mengurangi debit banjir yang terjadi dengan mengalirkannya ke laut Jawa. Namun dikarenakan pendangkalan yang terjadi akibat sedimentasi, kapasitas Sudetan Pelangwot dalam mengalirkan debit menurun. Tugas akhir ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa sedimentasi yang terjadi pada sudetan Pelangwot dengan menggunakan program bantu HEC-RAS 4.1.0 Konsep yang digunakan dalam pengerjaan tugas akhir ini adalah dengan memodelkan Sudetan Pelangwot menggunakan program HEC-RAS 4.1.0 kemudian melakukan simulasi aliran sudetan untuk mengetahui sedimentasi yang terjadi. Dari hasil simulasi yang dilakukan dengan menggunakan program HEC-RAS 4.1.0 diketahui perkiraan volume sedimentasi yang terjadi di sudetan selama musim penghujan dari tanggal 1 Desember 2010 hingga 21 Mei 2011 adalah sebesar 325.030,23 m3. Agradasi terjadi di sebagian besar penampang sudetan sedangkan degradasi hanya terjadi di beberapa titik. Kantong sedimen dapat dibuat sebagai upaya pengendalian sedimen pada dasar saluran sudetan di tiga titik yang berbeda dengan kapasitas total 175.875 m3.Pemeliharaan kantong sedimen dilakukan setiap 3 bulan sekali dengan melakukan pengerukan pada kantong sedimen.

  3. ANALISIS DAN PREDIKSI BEBAN PENCEMARAN LIMBAH CAIR PABRIK PENGALENGAN IKAN (Analysis and Prediction of Liquid Waste Pollutant Level in Fish Canning Plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latif Sahubawa

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui kadar parameter pencemaran serta beban pencemaran limbah cair pabrik pengalengan ikan sardin. Manfaatnya adalah sebagai saran pertimbangan kepada industri untuk mengelola limbah cair secara profesional, menjamin kelestarian dan peruntukkan badan air penerima limbah cair, serta bahan informasi ilmiah kepada pengambil kebijakan (terutama pejabat daerah dalam pengelolaan kualitas lingkungan hidup secara berkelanjutan. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah neraca masa, dengan parameter pengamatan yaitu: debit limbah cair maksimum (DM dan debit limbah cair sebenarnya (DA, serta beban pencemaran maksimum (BPM dan beban pencemaran sebenarnya (BPA dari parameter pH, TSS, BOD, COD, dan minyak/lemak sesuai Kepmen LH. No. 06 Tahun 2007. Berdasarkan hasil pengukuran, tercatat debit air limbah aktual (Dp = 10,0 liter/detik, debit air limbah sebenarnya (DA = 2.880 m 3, serta debit air limbah maksimum (DM = 720 m 3, (jadi DA > DM. Dari hasil analisis laboratorium, kadar parameter indikator pencemaran limbah cair pabrik ikan kaleng, masing-masing: pH = 6,5; TSS = 250 mg/l; BOD 5 = 95,0 mg/l; COD = 105 mg/l; dan minyak/lemak = 0,5 mg/l. Berdasarkan hasil perhitungan, ternyata beban pencemaran sebenarnya dari masing-masing parameter (BPA-TSS, BOD 5 , dan COD lebih besar dari beban pencemaran maksimum (BPM, kecuali lemak di mana BPA MWD. Based on the laboratory analytical result, wastewater pollution indicator parameters are, respectively, pH=6.5; TSS=250 mg/l; BOD­5=95.0 mg/l; COD=105 mg/l; and oil/fat = 0.5 mg/l. Based on the measuring result, the substantive pollution load, respectively, higher than maximum pollution load (SPL>MPL, except fat parameter, while SPL less than MPL.  We can conclude that wastewater pollution load produced by canning industries, exceeded the allowed limit of wastewater quality for fisheries industries (Kepmen LH No. 06 Year 2007, and also resulted pollution (changing the utilization in

  4. Neutrons production in thick targets of Be and {sup 238}U bombarded by 100 MeV/u deuterons and in a thick target of C bombarded by 95 MeV/u {sup 36}Ar. Attenuation in concrete and dose equivalent rate of the activated uranium; Neutrons produits dans des cibles epaisses de Be et {sup 238}U irradiees par des deutons de 100 MeV/u et dans une cible epaisse de C irradiee par des {sup 36}Ar de 95 MeV/u. Longueurs d'attenuation dans du beton et debit d'equivalent de dose resultant de l'activation de l'uranium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pauwels, N.; Proust, J.; Clapier, F.; Gara, P.; Obert, J. [Paris-11 Univ., 91 - Orsay (France). Inst. de Physique Nucleaire; Mirea, M. [Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); Belier, G.; Ethvignot, T.; Granier, T. [CEA/DAM-Ile de France, 91 - Bruyeres-Le-Chatel (France). Service de Physique Nucleaire; Liang, C.F. [Paris-11 Univ., 91 - Orsay (France). Centre de Spectrometrie Nucleaire et de Spectrometrie de Masse; Bajard, M.; Leroy, R.; Villari, A.C.C. [Grand Accelerateur National d' Ions Lourds (GANIL), 14 - Caen (France)

    1999-09-01

    Neutrons production in thick targets of Be and {sup 238}U bombarded by 100 MeV/u deuterons and in a thick target of C bombarded by 95 MeV/u {sup 36}Ar. Attenuation in concrete and dose equivalent rate of the activated uranium. The yields of secondary neutrons produced by the interaction of a beam with thick target were determined with activation detectors. Three projectile-target couples have been studied: deuterons (100 MeV/u)+{sup 238}U, deuterons (100 MeV/u)+{sup 9}Be and {sup 36}Ar (95 MeV/u)+{sup 12}C. At 0 deg.. the yields were also measured after a piece of concrete and the corresponding attenuation length evaluated. The dose rate of the uranium target was monitored during several days after the end of the irradiation. (author)

  5. Dwell fatigue in two Ti alloys: An integrated crystal plasticity and discrete dislocation study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Zebang; Balint, Daniel S.; Dunne, Fionn P. E.

    2016-11-01

    It is a well known and important problem in the aircraft engine industry that alloy Ti-6242 shows a significant reduction in fatigue life, termed dwell debit, if a stress dwell is included in the fatigue cycle, whereas Ti-6246 does not; the mechanistic explanation for the differing dwell debit of these alloys has remained elusive for decades. In this work, crystal plasticity modelling has been utilised to extract the thermal activation energies for pinned dislocation escape for both Ti alloys based on independent experimental data. This then allows the markedly different cold creep responses of the two alloys to be captured accurately and demonstrates why the observed near-identical rate sensitivity under non-dwell loading is entirely consistent with the dwell behaviour. The activation energies determined are then utilised within a recently developed thermally-activated discrete dislocation plasticity model to predict the strain rate sensitivities of the two alloys associated with nano-indentation into basal and prism planes. It is shown that Ti-6242 experiences a strong crystallographic orientation-dependent rate sensitivity while Ti-6246 does not which is shown to agree with recently published independent measurements; the dependence of rate sensitivity on indentation slip plane is also well captured. The thermally-activated discrete dislocation plasticity model shows that the incorporation of a stress dwell in fatigue loading leads to remarkable stress redistribution from soft to hard grains in the classical cold dwell fatigue rogue grain combination in alloy Ti-6242, but that no such load shedding occurs in alloy Ti-6246. The key property controlling the behaviour is the time constant of the thermal activation process relative to that of the loading. This work provides the first mechanistic basis to explain why alloy Ti-6242 shows a dwell debit but Ti-6246 does not.

  6. Mezitransakční poplatek – konkurenceschopnost platebních nástrojů

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jitka Sládková

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article: This study describes the markets of payment instruments. It focuses mainly on the systems of credit and debit cards. Authors identify key moments in theory used in this dilemma, called Tourist Test. The market of credit cards and direct debit system is 4 side business, where the Interchange fee plays very important role. Methodology/methods: In this paper was applied secondary research. The secondary research was based on analysis of papers and literature published about Interchange fee including European Commission together with polemic about payment instruments market competitiveness. Scientific aim: The aim of this article is to identify the rules, conditions on the market of payment instruments - the system of credit cards and direct debit system. The authors try to recognize the problems on the demand and supply side. The authors focus on defying the cost-benefit approach, contributed with Tourist test. The Interchange Fee plays the key role. Findings: The approach of the scientific literature pays attention to costs and benefits, its equilibrium, also talking about social utility and social welfare the author is missing the whole impact on end consumer welfare and satisfaction. The dilemma is even more complicated due to the fact that the end consumer does not know he or she is not maximizing his or her utility, apart from the merchant, who is under pressure of margin squeeze. Conclusions: It is needed to start to measure the effectiveness and influence which the existence of Interchange Fee brings. Of course, confront the effectiveness and influence with benefits the Interchange Fee has.

  7. Primera experiencia en el uso de Cardioplejia sanguínea: estudio prospectivo de 200 casos sometidos a Cirugía Cardíaca en el Hospital México, San José, Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar A. Méndez

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Este estudio reporta la primera experiencia del uso de cardioplejia sanguínea durante la cirugía cardíaca en el hospital México y expone la importancia de su uso en cirugía cardíaca. Material y Métodos: Se estudiaron prospectivamente 200 pacientes consecutivos programados a varios procedimientos quirúrgicos cardíacos con el uso de cardioplejia sanguínea en un período comprendido entre setiembre de 1999 y febrero del 2002. Resultados: Estos 200 casos consistieron de 122 hombres y 78 mujeres con una edad promedio de 57.48 años ( rango, 26 a 28 años . 71 pacientes salieron del arresto cardíaco con ritmo espontáneo. Doce pacientes fallecieron y 30 casos presentaron complicaciones en el postoperatorio: 9 pacientes presentaron infarto agudo al miocardio perioperatorio, 6 casos presentaron para cardiorrespiratorio, 12 tuvieron arritmias cardíacas, 3 pacientes presentaron insuficiencia cardíaca congestivo. Conclusiones: En esta experiencia preliminar, el uso de la cardioplejia sanguínea parece proveer una protección miocárdica segura y confiable durante la cirugía cardíaca, siendo un método ideal en casos de cirugías de elevado riesgo quirúrgico.lntroduction: This study reports the first experience in the use of sanguineous cardioplegia during cardiac surgery in the Mexico Hospital and exposes the important role that this procedure plays in this type of surgery. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was carried out with 200 consecutive patients programmed for different cardiac surgical procedures with the use of sanguineous cardioplegia during the period of September 1999 to February 2002. Results: Of the 200 cases 122 were male and 78 females, all with average ages of 57.48 years. Seventy one patients carne out of cardiac arrest with spontaneous rhythm. Tweive patients died and 30 cases presentes post- surgícal complications: 9 patients presentes acute myocardium infarct, 6 cases presentes Respiratory

  8. Advanced Control of Wind Electric Pumping System for Isolated Areas Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Barara

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The supply water in remote areas of windy region is one of most attractive application of wind energy conversion .This paper proposes an advanced controller suitable for wind-electric pump in isolated applications in order to have a desired debit from variation of reference speed of the pump also the control scheme of DC voltage of SIEG for feed the pump are presented under step change in wind speed. The simulation results showed a good performance of the global proposed control system.

  9. Implementation of an Automatic System for the Monitoring of Start-up and Operating Regimes of the Cooling Water Installations of a Hydro Generator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan Pădureanu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The safe operation of a hydro generator depends on its thermal regime, the basic conditions being that the temperature in the stator winding fall within the limits of the insulation class. As the losses in copper depend on the square current in the stator winding, it is necessary that the cooling water debit should be adapted to the values of these losses, so that the winding temperature falls within the range of the values prescribed in the specifications. This paper presents an efficient solution of commanding and monitoring the water cooling installations of two high-power hydro generators.

  10. SALES, STORAGE AND SALVAGE

    CERN Multimedia

    Division SPL, groupe logistique; A. Notar

    2000-01-01

    From 3 January 2000 there will be a security barrier in front of the storage-recycling area in bldg 133, which will be accessible only to authorised staff and contractors.You are reminded that the equipment delivered to this area must be unpolluted and non-radioactive. The cost of recycling the equipment will be debited to the budget code of the Division concerned, with the prior approval of the Group Leader.Reminder relating to equipment salesThe Sales Section is open on Thursdays from 13.30 to 15.00 hours only.SPL DivisionLogistics GroupA. Notari

  11. Payment Instrument Characteristics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Jacques; Kjeldsen, Martin; Hedman, Jonas;

    2015-01-01

    Over the last decade, we have witnessed payment innovations that fundamentally have changed the ways we pay. Payment innovations, such as mobile payments and on-line banking, include characteristics or features that are essential to understand if we want to know how and why payers choose among...... payment innovations. Using the Repertory Grid technique to explore 15 payers’ perception of six payment instruments, including coins, banknotes, debit cards, credit cards, mobile payments, and on-line banking, we identify 16 payment characteristics. The characteristics aggregate seventy-six unique...

  12. Model Checking Electronic Commerce Security Protocols Based on CTL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAO De-qin; ZHANG Huan-guo

    2005-01-01

    We present a model based on Computational Temporal Logic (CTL) methods for verifying security requirements of electronic commerce protocols. The model describes formally the authentication, confidentiality integrity,non-repudiation, denial of service and access control of the electronic commerce protocols. We illustrate as case study a variant of the Lu-Smolka protocol proposed by Lu-Smolka.Moreover, we have discovered two attacks that allow a dishonest user to purchase a good debiting the amount to another user. And also, we compared our work with relative research works and found that the formal way of this paper is more general to specify security protocols for E-Commerce.

  13. A Framework for Analyzing Digital Payment as a Multi-sided Platform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazan, Erol; Damsgaard, Jan

    2013-01-01

    Near Field Communication (NFC) is a promising digital payment technology that is expected to substitute cash. However, despite its potential, NFC-based payment has not reached mass adoption on the customer nor on the merchant side. This paper constructs a preliminary framework for studying digital...... payment instruments to their existing customer base. In addition, they extend their existing platform with other contactless services, thereby transforming existing cards (SIM or debit) from single-purpose to multi-functional cards. Our research extends existing payment literature from the MSP perspective...... to accommodate technological developments, where technology (NFC) and platform design impact market actor strategies and complementary products....

  14. The Impact of an Epidemic Outbreak on Consumer Expenditures:An Empirical Assessment for MERS Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hojin Jung

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we investigate the effect of an epidemic outbreak on consumer expenditures. In light of scanner panel data on consumers’ debit and credit card transactions, we present empirical evidence that outbreaks cause considerable disruption in total consumer expenditures with significant heterogeneity across categories. Our findings strongly imply that customers alter their behaviors to reduce the risk of infection. The estimated effect of an epidemic outbreak is qualitatively different from that of other macroeconomic factors. The implications of this research provide important guidance for policy interventions and marketing decisions aimed at sustaining economic growth.

  15. Use of static picture prompts versus video modeling during simulation instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberto, Paul A; Cihak, David F; Gama, Robert I

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness and efficiency of static picture prompts and video modeling as classroom simulation strategies in combination with in vivo community instruction. Students with moderate intellectual disabilities were instructed in the tasks of withdrawing money from an ATM and purchasing items using a debit card. Both simulation strategies were effective and efficient at teaching the skills. The two simulation strategies were not functionally different in terms of number of trials to acquisition, number of errors, and number of instructional sessions to criterion.

  16. A comparison of cooling tower systems. Analysis of high-efficiency closed hybrid-medium counter-current cooling system; Koeltorensystemen vergeleken. Analyse hoog rendement gesloten hybride-mediumterugkoeler

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huizinga, H.T. [Heat Transfer Holland, Zuidwolde (Netherlands)

    2008-03-15

    Cooling towers are also utilized in climate technique to dispose of process heat. Water use, the added chemicals and the cleaning cost constitute the largest debit items in exploitation. Open wet cooling towers use water all through the year. The closed hybrid medium blast cooler only uses water in the summer. (mk) [Dutch] Koeltorens worden, ook in de klimaattechniek, ingezet om proceswarmte af te voeren. Het waterverbruik, de toegevoegde chemicalien en de schoonmaakkosten behoren tot de grotere kostenposten in de exploitatie. Open natte koeltorens verbruiken het hele jaar door water. De gesloten hybride-mediumterugkoeler verbruikt alleen water in de zomer.

  17. Hacking point of sale payment application secrets, threats, and solutions

    CERN Document Server

    Gomzin, Slava

    2014-01-01

    Must-have guide for professionals responsible for securing credit and debit card transactions As recent breaches like Target and Neiman Marcus show, payment card information is involved in more security breaches than any other data type. In too many places, sensitive card data is simply not protected adequately. Hacking Point of Sale is a compelling book that tackles this enormous problem head-on. Exploring all aspects of the problem in detail - from how attacks are structured to the structure of magnetic strips to point-to-point encryption, and more - it's packed with practical recommendati

  18. Continuous dissolution of irradiated nuclear fuels; Dissolution continue des combustibles nucleaires irradies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michel, P.; Talmont, X.; Tarnerq, M. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-07-01

    In the case of the continuous dissolution of nuclear fuels, the equations for the calculation of the fuel concentration of the solution flowing out of a pot dissolver have been written. Nitric acid feed flow rates have been calculated in order to obtain an adjusted solution when starting or stopping a dissolution, or when changing the number of rods introduced per hour. Then some transient states brought on by perturbations, have been studied: a) sudden change in nitric acid flow rate; b) continuous drift of the latter; c) sudden change in nitric acid feed concentration; d) transition from a fuel concentration to another by changing the flow rate of nitric acid feed. It has been shown that some transient states cannot be solved with general equations. Computer calculation programs would be probably more useful. (authors) [French] L'etude se rapporte a la dissolution dans l'acide nitrique des combustibles nucleaires irradies, en vue de la recuperation de la matiere fissile qu'ils contiennent. On a etabli, dans le cas de la dissolution continue, les differentes equations permettant le calcul de la concentration en combustible a la sortie d'un dissolveur du type 'marmite'. On a etudie les regimes du debit d'alimentation en acide nitrique a imposer lors du demarrage, de l'arret d'une dissolution, ou lors d'un changement de cadence d'introduction des barreaux, de facon a obtenir une solution ajustee. On a etudie ensuite differents regimes transitoires consecutifs a des perturbations: changement brusque du debit d'acide d'alimentation, derive continue de ce debit, changement brusque de la concentration de l'acide d'alimentation, passage d'une concentration en combustible a une autre par changement du debit d'acide d'alimentation. On a pu montrer que certains regimes transitoires ne peuvent se traiter par des equations generales, et necessiteraient plustot l'etablissement d

  19. Mujer delincuente, víctima de la violencia en los altos de Jalisco (2005-2008 “Flores marchitas”/Women offenders, victim of violence in los altos de Jalisco (2005-2008 "Blooms"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Fabiola García Álvarez

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The moment I saw him over the history of that humanity, it is well-known it problem that live the woman, her victim femenine by part of the man and that of feminine same, away who unchain an serried of conduct antisociales femenine. The difficulty of the study of this phenomenon, it is debit principalmind at the femenine personality, at the constant evolution of his enviroment and of herself. The preoccupy before is who today in day, so much the victimation as the feminine delincuency them continue mostly grow, and that not those exist truthful mechanism of prevention and solution.

  20. NO-CASH PAYMENTS IN ROMANIA AND EU AREA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RADULESCU MAGDALENA

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present the non-cash payment methods used in Romania against other European Union countries to stress the main differences of the latest developments in this specific area since the crisis errupted up to present. In Romania, the most common payment method is transfer credit, because of its simplicity and because it is less risky than the other non-cash payment methods, while in EU direct debit and credit cards are more common. However, the value per transaction for any type of non-cash instruments (except for cheques is smaller in Romania than in other EU countries.

  1. In praise of clinical judgment: Meehl's forgotten legacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westen, Drew; Weinberger, Joel

    2005-10-01

    Although Paul E. Meehl demonstrated the limits of informal aggregation of data and prognostication by presumed experts, he remained convinced that clinical experience confers expertise of some kind. The authors explore this forgotten side of Meehl's legacy by reconsidering the validity of clinical judgment in its natural context, everyday clinical work. Three domains central to clinical practice are examined: diagnosis, interpretation of meaning, and intervention. It is argued that a more sanguine picture of clinical expertise emerges when the focus shifts from prediction at high levels of inference to (a) judgments at a moderate level of inference, (b) contexts for which clinical training and experience are likely to confer expertise, and (c) conditions that optimize the expression of that expertise (e.g., use of instruments designed for expert observers). The authors conclude by examining domains in which clinical judgment could prove useful in knowledge generation (e.g., hypothesis generation, identification of falsifying instances, item development). 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. 纳米细菌的致病机制及与疾病的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旖旎; 刘红全

    2009-01-01

    @@ 1990年Kaiander等[1]在胎牛血清中发现一种非常微小的细菌,命名为Nanobacterium sanguine-um,简称为纳米细菌(Nanobacteria).随后在人、牛、鹿等哺乳动物以及碳酸盐、金属硫化物、硅的氧化物等矿物岩石中先后发现了纳米细菌的存在,引起国内外学者的广泛关注.目前普遍认为纳米细菌是一种人畜共患的病原菌,它的发现为人类多种疾病发生机制的研究提供了新的切入点.

  3. Traitement hémostatique basé sur la Thromboélastometrie Rotatoire (ROTEM) chez les Patients opérés en urgence en Chirurgie cardiovasculaire

    OpenAIRE

    Sartorius, Danielle Marie

    2016-01-01

    La première cause de mortalité au cours d’une intervention de chirurgie cardiovasculaire en urgence est l’hémorragie. Le diagnostic précoce des troubles de la crase rencontrés dans ce contexte est primordial afin de cibler un traitement rapide et efficace. La thromboélastometrie est un examen qui permet d’analyser rapidement les propriétés viscoélastiques du caillot sanguin, au bloc opératoire. Dans un premier temps les spécificités des troubles de l’hémostase rencontrés en chirurgie cardiova...

  4. O pai dos contos: "Lo cunto de li cunti. O trattenimiente de li peccerille (Pentamerone)" de Giambattista Basile

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Em seu prefácio à coletânea Fábulas italianas, Calvino toma os contos dos irmãos Grimm (1812) como modelo, mas critica seu caráter violento e “sanguinário”. Ele imita rigorosamente a coletânea dos autores alemães, selecionando o mesmo número de fábulas (200) e também decide traduzir todos os textos, escritos originalmente em dialeto, para a língua italiana, adaptando arbitrariamente enredos e nomes. Em relação a Giambattista Basile [BASILE: 1999 e 2000], autor de Lu cunto de li cunti (ou Pent...

  5. MESURE NON INVASIVE DU DÉBIT AORTIQUE PAR VOIE OESOPHAGIÈNNE

    OpenAIRE

    Lavandier, B.; Cathignol, D.; Muchada, R.; Fady, J.; Birer, A.

    1990-01-01

    Depuis plusieurs années nous avons montré la faisabilité et l'intérêt clinique de la débitmétrie aortique par voie oesophagienne. Une amélioration importante de cette méthode a été apportée par le développement d'un nouveau type de débitmètre associant un imageur T.M. et un vélocimètre Doppler à émission pulsée. Afin de pouvoir mesurer simultanément et de façon continue le diamètre de l'aorte et la vitesse du flux sanguin aussi bien chez l'adulte que chez l'enfant (à l'aide d'une sonde oesoph...

  6. ПАТОГЕНЕТИЧЕСКИЕ МЕХАНИЗМЫ ОБМЕННЫХ НАРУШЕНИЙ В УСЛОВИЯХ ВНЕБОЛЬНИЧНЫХ ПНЕВМОНИЙ И РЕКУРРЕНТНЫХ РЕСПИРАТОРНЫХ ЗАБОЛЕВАНИЙ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    АЛЛА ДОНОС

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available MECANISMELE PATOGENICE ALE TULBURĂRILOR METABOLICE ÎN CONDIŢIILE PNEUMONIILOR EXTRASPITALICEŞTI ŞI ALE BOLILOR RESPIRATORII RECURENTESunt evidenţiate mecanismele de influenţă a pneumoniilor comunitare şi a infecţiilor respiratorii recurente la copii asupra metabolismului aminoacizilor liberi în serul sanguin, precum şi influenţa modificărilor calitative şi cantitative ale aminoacizilor asupra funcţiei şi morfologiei ţesuturilor şi organelor.РATHOGENETIC MECHANISMS OF METABOLIC DISORDERS UNDER COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA AND RECURRENT RESPIRATORY DISEASESThe paper highlights the community-acquired children’s pneumonia and recurrent respiratory infections mechanisms of influence in the exchange of free amino acids serum, and shows the qualitative and quantitative amino acid modifications influence in the morphology and function of tissues and organs. 

  7. Canine Uterine Leiomyoma with Epithelial Tissue Foci, Adenomyosis, and Cystic Endometrial Hyperplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George S. Karagiannis

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available An 11-year-old Labrador Retriever bitch with a history of intermittent, sanguineous vaginal discharge of a six-month duration was presented. During exploratory laparotomy, two well-delineated, intramural masses were identified bilaterally in the uterine horns. Histopathologic examination of the mass on the left horn showed that it was a typical leiomyoma. However, the second mass appeared with an unusual coexistence of histological lesions, involving epithelial tissue foci, mild focal adenomyosis, and cystic endometrial hyperplasia. Interestingly, such combination was never encountered before in dogs. Although uterine leiomyoma is quite usual in the reproductive system of female dogs, this case resembled relevant cases of human uterine adenomyomas in morphology, and thus it was offered a similar tentative diagnosis.

  8. [Individual sensitivity of Wistar rats to piracetam].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikol'skaia, K A; Kondrashevskaia, M V; Eremina, L V

    2007-11-01

    Effects of repeated piracetam (PIR) injections in a dose of 40 and 250 mg/kg/day on the learning in Water rats were studied. It has been found that character of the effects depends on typological features of the animals. Rats with strong predominance of excitation (choleric type) showed low sensitivity to PIR. Small dose of PIR provoked clear negative effect in rats with relative balance of the basic nervous processes: excitation and inhibition (sanguine and phlegmatic types). Despite of expressed activation of associative process, it complicated integrative activity. Small dose of PIR showed anxiolytic and psycho-stimulant actions only in initially unlearned rats characterized by high level of fear. Large dose of PIR had negative influence on the learning process in all animals, irrespective of typological features. Thus, the results of this study allow to suppose that the individual sensitivity of an animal to action of a pharmacological medication is caused by morpho-functional and neurochemical intraspecific heterogeneity.

  9. Specificity revisited: personality profiles and behavioral issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, D R

    1982-01-01

    The notion of a connection between illness and temperament goes back at least as far as Hippocrates with his typology of melancholy, sanguine, phlegmatic and choleric personality types. In the 1930s, Dunbar studied large numbers of patients with several chronic diseases from which she derived personality profiles which correlated with the illnesses. Many other studies developed similar correlations. Following the work of Alexander, this approach was deemed superficial. More recently, the description of type A behavior has consistently been shown to correlate with coronary artery disease. The concept of alexithymia is another variant of personality typology. The present status of personality and behavior patterns as markers in psychosomatic medicine are discussed as well as the possible relationship of personality profiles to genetic factors, developmental issues, psychological conflict and other approaches to psychophysiological disorders.

  10. [Features of oxygen utilization by the body of patients with arterial hypertension in the days of magnetic storms depending on the psychosomatic status and treatment options].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usenko, G A; Usenko, A G; Vasendin, D V

    2015-01-01

    During magnetic storms the observed increase in γ-background environment and the reduction of the rate of oxygen utilization by the tissues, but the increase in the number of angina attacks per day to magnetic storms the choleric, in the days of magnetic storms in sanguine, for 3-4 days at a phlegmatic, and 4-5 days in the melancholic especially in groups high anxiety phlegmatic and melancholic. Last-risk group severe arterial hypertension and ischemic heart disease. Antihypertensive therapy based on the blockade of the features of the psychosomatic status, significantly reduced the number of attacks and brought the values of the utilization of oxygen and coefficient of oxygen utilization bu the tissues of all the days to those in healthy individual relevant anxiety and temperament.

  11. Méthodologie de l'étude endocrinienne d'une espèce sauvage, l'Anguille

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DUFOUR S.

    1994-10-01

    C'est la mise en oeuvre de tout un ensemble de méthodes d'investigation, allant de la mise au point des outils moléculaires (purifications d'hormones, obtention d'anticorps, dosages immunologiques, clonage, obtention de sondes... à la réalisation d'expériences in vitro (cultures de cellules, incubation ou périfusion d'organes et in vivo (ablations de glandes, traitements hormonaux, prélèvements sanguins... juqu'aux études sur le terrain, qui permet une approche complète et intégrée de l'endocrinologie de ce poisson.

  12. Adenomiose uterina em gata associada à piometra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.A.B. Bezerra

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Adenomyosis, a non-neoplastic myometrial proliferation, is a rare pathologic condition in domestic animals, of unknown etiology. There is a lack of information about the clinical and pathological features of this disease in cats, therefore just a few reports in that species. The study describes a case of adenomyosis in a feline female. A cat, six years old, undefined breed, not spayed, had abdominal swelling history and vaginal discharge. Clinically, upon abdominal palpation, a diffuse increase suggesting a uterine change was found. The vulva had sanguine-purulent exudates. The choice was for the neutering surgical. Uterine macroscopy revealed cystic endometrial hyperplasia/pyometra in uterine horns, and the presence of a diffuse mass on uterine corpus. Fragments of the mass were sent for histopathological analysis, which revealed adenomyosis of the uterine corpus. The patient exhibited adequate post-operative recovery. The adenomyosis should be considered as a differential diagnosis of uterine neoformation in domestic cats.

  13. Les effets « santé » de l’huile d’olive

    OpenAIRE

    Saillard Morgane

    2014-01-01

    Les huiles d’olives bénéficient d’une forte image santé auprès des consommateurs. Pourtant il y a peu d’allégations nutritionnelles et de santé autorisées par la Commission pour ces huiles. On peut citer par exemple « riche en acides gras insaturés », « riche en vitamine E » ou des allégations plus élaborées telles que «Les polyphénols présents dans l’huile d’olive contribuent à protéger les lipides sanguins contre le stress oxydatif» ou ...

  14. Etude de l'impact des procédés de transformation sur la diffusion des caroténoïdes : cas du lycopène de la tomate

    OpenAIRE

    Degrou, Antoine

    2013-01-01

    Les caroténoïdes sont une famille de molécules lipidiques que l’on trouve en particulier dans les végétaux, et qui ont pour caractéristique visuelle d’être colorés, du jaune au rouge. Ils ont été identifiés comme nutritionnellement actifs par des études épidémiologiques. Afin de pouvoir jouer un rôle dans l’organisme les caroténoïdes doivent être absorbés. Pour ce faire ils doivent être libérés de la matrice alimentaire afin de passer après plusieurs étapes dans la circulation sanguine. Or le...

  15. Molecular processes in the streptokinase thrombolytic therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capitanescu, Cristian; Macovei Oprescu, Anca Monica; Ionita, Dan; Dinca, Gabi Valeriu; Turculet, Claudiu; Manole, Gheorghe; Macovei, Radu Alexandru

    2016-12-01

    The aim of this research is to evaluate the current streptokinase thrombolytic treatment and to identify or improve new techniques that will base new approaches with a higher efficiency in this area of expertise. In order to be as realistic as possible a new method was set up using magnetic vectorized nanoparticles streptokinase and human blood thrombus. The experimental data confirm the maximum 83% thrombus lyses whenever increase streptokinase concentration. It is very probable to happen because of the presence of high concentration of antiplasmin in the blood that neutralizes around half of the thrombolytic potential of the sanguine plasminogen. The experiment shows also that only free serum plasminogen are available for streptokinase action in order to generate plasmin.

  16. O crepúsculo de um tirano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Rattner

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O título leva a uma associação com uma ópera de Richard Wagner, (“O crepúsculo dos Deuses” particularmente apreciada por outro ditador sanguinário, Adolf Hitler, que preferiu assistir à destruição total da Alemanha para não render-se às tropas aliadas que avançaram sobre Berlim do ocidente e do oriente. Como Hitler, também Qadaffi apresenta traços de personalidade paranóica e de extrema crueldade para com seus adversários, reais ou imaginados.

  17. Clinical and pathological presentation of squamous metaplasia of the rete ovarii in a Zebu cow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Á.M. Borges

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Squamous metaplasia of rete ovarii is characterized by replacement of the normal cuboidal epithelium of rete ovarii by a keratinized stratified scamous epithelium, leading to accumulation of keratinized material within the tubules and cystic dilatation of rete ovarii. The present study decribes a case of scamous metaplasia of rete ovarii in a 10 year old Zebu cow, including clinical, surgical, ultrasonographic, histopathological and hormonal findings. At first ultrasound examination the cow had lightly asymmetric ovaries with follicles presenting echogenicity similar to luteinized follicular cysts. After transvaginal follicular aspiration creamy yellowish sanguineous-purulent content was recovered. After unilateral ovariectomy the ovary was sectioned and brownish viscous material drained from cystic cavity. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosid of squamous metaplasia of the rete ovarii. Progesterone concentrations assessed by chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay within different time periods after ovariectomy showed that pathology did not compromise normal luteal ovarian activity in a contralateral reminiscent ovary.

  18. Exuberant pyoderma gangrenosum in a patient with autoimmune hepatitis*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dantas, Stephanie Galiza; Quintella, Leonardo Pereira; Fernandes, Nurimar Conceição

    2017-01-01

    Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare neutrophilic dermatosis, which usually presents as ulcers with erythematous-violaceous undermined edges and a rough base with purulent or sanguinous exudate. It can be primary or associated with an underlying disease. However, rare cases of its association with autoimmune hepatitis have been described in the literature. Diagnosis is based on a characteristic clinical picture and ruling out other causes of ulcers. This paper aims to discuss the management of corticosteroid therapy and the importance of local treatment. We report a case with torpid evolution, presented with multiple and deep ulcers in a young patient with autoimmune hepatitis, causing pain and significant disability. We observed complete healing of lesions after two months of successful treatment. PMID:28225969

  19. Etat actuel de la vaccination anti-palustre

    OpenAIRE

    Hayette, Marie-Pierre

    1989-01-01

    Les différents pôles de recherche sur la vaccination antipalustre sont abordés afin de dresser l'état actuel des connaissances sur le sujet. Dans une première partie, restituant le paludisme sur le plan épidémiologique, on insiste sur les aléas de la lutte contre le parasite et ses vecteurs. Dans une seconde partie, après un rappel sur l'aspect immunologique du paludisme, la synthèse des progrès réalisés dans les trois axes de la vaccination, antisporozoïte, anti-stades sanguins asexués et an...

  20. Intrapleural instillation of radioactive chromic phosphate in malignant pleural effusion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nori, D.; Moorthy, C.R.; Hilaris, B.S.; Batata, M.A.; Chu, F.; Martini, N. (Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York (USA))

    1981-12-01

    Eighty-five patients with pleural effusion were analyzed to determine the degree of response to intrapleural instillation of /sup 32/P colloidal suspension. Worthwhile palliation of either complete fluid suppression or definite diminution in the rate of accumulation was achieved in slightly more than one-half of the patients (51/85). It is not evident whether the primary site and histologic nature of the neoplasm are important or not in predicting the results of treatment. Patients with pleural adhesions and those with sanguinous effusions, are less likely to be benefited by the /sup 32/P instillation. The beneficial effect appears quite promptly in some patients, while in others, it may be delayed for several weeks.

  1. Mechanical investigation of compression stockings and of their effects on the human leg. Étude mécanique des articles de contention et de leurs effets sur la jambe humaine.

    OpenAIRE

    Avril, Stéphane; Drapier, Sylvain; Couzan, Serge; Bouten, Laura

    2008-01-01

    Ce papier est une synthèse de différentes études apportant un regard scientifique sur la contention qui consiste à exercer des pressions sur la jambe humaine au moyen de chaussettes ou de bas afin de faciliter le reflux veineux. Il paraît évident que la répartition des pressions sur la jambe affecte le débit sanguin dans les veines. Néanmoins, la répartition conduisant à un débit veineux optimal est non triviale, et diffère en fonction de l'application : traitement médical ou récupération che...

  2. Declinaisons militaires francaises des directives europeennes en matiere d’hemovigilance (French European Military Haemovigilance Guidelines)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-03

    du groupe sanguin A B O D et d’un dépistage du VIH et du VHC. Sauf exception (donneur originaire de zones endémiques pour le VHB, non contrôlé avant...réalisées les sérologies VIH , VHC et VHB pré-transfusionnelles. Pour fiabiliser cette procédure assez complexe, le CTSA assure la formation...sont contrôlés pour le VIH avant le départ en mission. Enfin, sur le terrain, les aphé- rèses sont pratiquées sur des donneurs réguliers. A

  3. Diagnostic moléculaire du Cytomégalovirus (CMV), de l’herpès virus humain de type 6 (HHV6) et d’Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) par PCR en temps réel chez les femmes enceintes VIH séropositives et séronégatives à Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Les herpès virus EBV, CMV et HHV-6 sont des virus qui évoluent sous le modèle pandémique et sont responsables d’infections congénitales pouvant provoquer des séquelles graves chez les nouveau-nés. L’objectif de cette étude était de déterminer les prévalences de CMV, EBV et HHV-6 chez les femmes enceintes VIH(+) et VIH(-) à Ouagadougou. Méthodes Dans cette étude 200 échantillons de plasma sanguin de femmes enceintes dont 100 femmes VIH(+) et 100 femmes VIH(-) ont été diagnostiqués...

  4. The ethology of empathy: a taxonomy of real-world targets of need and their effect on observers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Stephanie D; Hofelich, Alicia J; Stansfield, R Brent

    2013-01-01

    Empathy is inherently interpersonal, but the majority of research has only examined observers. Targets of need have been largely held constant through hypothetical and fictionalized depictions of sympathetic distress and need. In the real world, people's response to life stressors varies widely-from stoicism to resilience to complete breakdown-variations that should profoundly influence the prosocial exchange. The current study examined naturally-varying affect in real hospital patients with serious chronic or terminal illness during videotaped interviews about quality of life. Participants viewed each video while psychophysiological data were recorded and then rated each patient's and their own emotion. Patients displayed three major emotion factors (disturbed, softhearted, and amused) that were used to classify them into five basic types (distraught, resilient, sanguine, reticent, wistful). These types elicited four major emotions in observers [personal distress (PD), empathic concern (EC), horror, pleasure], two of which were never discovered previously with fictionalized targets. Across studies and measures, distraught targets usually received the greatest aid, but approximately as many observers preferred the positive and likeable resilient patients or the quietly sad wistful targets, with multiple observers even giving their greatest aid to sanguine or reticent targets who did not display distress or need. Trait empathy motivated aid toward more emotive targets while perspective taking (PT) motivated aid for those who did not overtly display distress. A second study replicated key results without even providing the content of patients' speech. Through an ecological examination of real need we discovered variation and commonality in the emotional response to need that interacts strongly with the preferences of observers. Social interactions need to be studied in ethological contexts that retain the complex interplay between senders and receivers.

  5. The ethology of empathy: A taxonomy of real-world targets of need and their effect on observers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie D Preston

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Empathy is inherently interpersonal, but the majority of research has only examined observers. Targets of need have been largely held constant through hypothetical and fictionalized depictions of sympathetic distress and need. In the real world, people’s response to life stressors varies widely—from stoicism to resilience to complete breakdown—variations that should profoundly influence the prosocial exchange. The current study examined naturally-varying affect in real hospital patients with serious chronic or terminal illness during videotaped interviews about quality of life. Participants viewed each video while psychophysiological data were recorded and then rated each patient’s and their own emotion. Patients displayed three major emotion factors (disturbed, softhearted, and amused that were used to classify them into five basic types (distraught, resilient, sanguine, reticent, wistful. These types elicited four major emotions in observers (personal distress, empathic concern, horror, pleasure, two of which were never discovered previously with fictionalized targets. Across studies and measures, distraught targets usually received the greatest aid, but approximately as many observers preferred the positive and likeable resilient patients or the quietly sad wistful targets, with multiple observers even giving their greatest aid to sanguine or reticent targets who did not display distress or need. Trait empathy motivated aid towards more emotive targets while perspective taking motivated aid for those who did not overtly display distress. A second study replicated key results without even providing the content of patients’ speech. Through an ecological examination of real need we discovered variation and commonality in the emotional response to need that interacts strongly with the preferences of observers. Social interactions need to be studied in ethological contexts that retain the complex interplay between senders and receivers.

  6. The myeloid splenomegaly in a service of nuclear medicine; La splenomegalie myeloide dans un service de Medecine Nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rain, J-D.; Najean, Y.; Billoty, C. [Service de Medecine Nucleaire, Hopital Saint-Louis, Paris (France)

    1997-12-31

    The existence in a Nuclear Medicine service of several in-vivo (scintigraphy and kinetic) and in-vitro (dosages) sections can contribute into a better knowledge of diseases due to the complementarity of the provided information. Exploration, since 1990, of 183 primary and secondary myeloid splenomegalies (MS) is a good example. These 183 patients have had a medullary scintigraphy with Technetium colloids and Indium Transferrin, 98, a measurement of the sanguine mass, 60, a kinetic study of Iron-Chromium erythropoiesis and 180, a dosage of pro-collagen III. These four examinations allowed confirming the MS diagnosis and orienting the prognostic. The medullary scintigraphy is able to show the poverty of marrow-sustaining tissues and allows measuring the splenomegaly. It helps evaluating the wealth of myelopoietic tissue and its extensions and confirming the spleenic erythropoiesis. The measure of sanguine mass specifies the existence and importance of true anaemia and hemodilution due to the splenomegaly. The kinetic study by Iron-Chromium indicates the medullary spleenic production, degree of dys-erythropoiesis, the presence of hemolysis and its location. It brings about important prognostic arguments and is a precious aid in making the difficult decision of indication of splenectomy. The pro-collagen III dosage is of a certain prognostic interest. The patients with less than 0.70 U/ml have a slow evolutivity of their disease, those with values within 0.70 to 1 U/ml have a more severe evolution, while for those having values higher than 1 U/ml the prognostic is bad on short terms. In conclusion, the diagnosis and prognostic of these examinations in MS justify maintenance of a plurality of in-vivo and in-vitro techniques in our services

  7. Studi Perencanaan Pembangkit Listrik Mikrohidro Di Desa Sambangan Kabupaten Buleleng Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DPD Suparyawan

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Pemanfaatan PLTMH telah dilakukan di Desa Sambangan, Kecamatan Sukasada, Kabupaten Buleleng-Bali dengan nama PLTMH Cahaya Abadi. PLTMH Cahaya Abadi memanfaatkan sebagian aliran air dari Sungai Tiying Tali. Berbagai kendala berakibat PLTMH tersebut terbengkalai. Dari permasalahan tersebut, dilakukan evaluasi terhadap PLTMH Cahaya Abadi dan perancangan teknis PLTMH Baru yang sesuai potensi dan mengacu pada berbagai kriteria pembangunan PLTMH.Observasi setiap komponen sipil dan mekanikal- elektrikal PLTMH Cahaya Abadi. Debit rancangan PLTMH Baru ditentukan berdasarkan aliran terendah. Tinggi head diperoleh dengan menggunakan GPS dan Google Earth. Persamaan yang merupakan pola dari ukuran bangunan sipil dari beberapa PLTMH lain digunakan sebagai pendekatan untuk menentukan ukuran bangunan sipil PLTMH Baru. Dari hasil analisis diperoleh bahwa kondisi komponen penyusun PLTMH Cahya Abadi dibangun secara sederhana dan tidak sesuai dengan kriteria pembanguan PLTMH. Perancangan PLTMH Baru menggunakan debit desain sebesar 0,623 m3/s dan head 18 m, maka potensi listriknya adalah 82,42 kW. Ukuran masing-masing bangunan sipil adalah bendung 5 x 1 m, saluran pembawa 150 x 1 x 1 m, kolam penenang 5 x 2 x 1,5 m, pipa pesat panjangnya 73 m dan diameter 0,508 m, rumah daya 5 x 4 m. Turbin berjenis crossflow, kapasitas generator 132 kVA dan kapasitas ballast load 157 kVA.

  8. Modeling the interdependent network based on two-mode networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Feng; Gao, Xiangyun; Guan, Jianhe; Huang, Shupei; Liu, Qian

    2017-10-01

    Among heterogeneous networks, there exist obviously and closely interdependent linkages. Unlike existing research primarily focus on the theoretical research of physical interdependent network model. We propose a two-layer interdependent network model based on two-mode networks to explore the interdependent features in the reality. Specifically, we construct a two-layer interdependent loan network and develop several dependent features indices. The model is verified to enable us to capture the loan dependent features of listed companies based on loan behaviors and shared shareholders. Taking Chinese debit and credit market as case study, the main conclusions are: (1) only few listed companies shoulder the main capital transmission (20% listed companies occupy almost 70% dependent degree). (2) The control of these key listed companies will be more effective of avoiding the spreading of financial risks. (3) Identifying the companies with high betweenness centrality and controlling them could be helpful to monitor the financial risk spreading. (4) The capital transmission channel among Chinese financial listed companies and Chinese non-financial listed companies are relatively strong. However, under greater pressure of demand of capital transmission (70% edges failed), the transmission channel, which constructed by debit and credit behavior, will eventually collapse.

  9. A High-Fidelity Simulation of a Generic Commercial Aircraft Engine and Controller

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Ryan D.; Csank, Jeffrey; Lavelle, Thomas M.; Litt, Jonathan S.; Guo, Ten-Huei

    2010-01-01

    A new high-fidelity simulation of a generic 40,000 lb thrust class commercial turbofan engine with a representative controller, known as CMAPSS40k, has been developed. Based on dynamic flight test data of a highly instrumented engine and previous engine simulations developed at NASA Glenn Research Center, this non-proprietary simulation was created especially for use in the development of new engine control strategies. C-MAPSS40k is a highly detailed, component-level engine model written in MATLAB/Simulink (The MathWorks, Inc.). Because the model is built in Simulink, users have the ability to use any of the MATLAB tools for analysis and control system design. The engine components are modeled in C-code, which is then compiled to allow faster-than-real-time execution. The engine controller is based on common industry architecture and techniques to produce realistic closed-loop transient responses while ensuring that no safety or operability limits are violated. A significant feature not found in other non-proprietary models is the inclusion of transient stall margin debits. These debits provide an accurate accounting of the compressor surge margin, which is critical in the design of an engine controller. This paper discusses the development, characteristics, and capabilities of the C-MAPSS40k simulation

  10. KARAKTERISASI SIFAT FISIS MEMBRAN POLIMER MATRIK KOMPOSIT(PMC DARI KARBON AKTIF TEMPURUNG KELAPA UNTUK ADSORBSI LOGAM BERAT PADA MINYAK GORENG BEKAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivi Nurmayanti

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Minyak goreng yang sudah berulangkali dipanaskan akan berwarna hitam dan mengandung logam-logam berat. Untuk meremajakannya diperlukan teknologi alternatif yang mampu mereduksi logam berat pada minyak goreng bekas. Salah satunya adalah membran PMC yang digunakansebagai filter. Membran di uji sifat fisis (debit aliran, kerapatan, porositas dengan variasi ukuran mesh dan komposisi karbon aktif tempurung kelapa. Matrik berasal dari campuran 0.3 gr PEG, 5 ml PVA, dan 5 ml Aquades. Filler berupa serbuk karbon aktif berasal dari limbah tempurung kelapa. Membran di buat dengan variasi ukuran mesh 60, 100, 120 mesh dan komposisi 1, 3, dan 5 gr. Karbon aktif diperoleh dari tempurung kelapa dengan teknik pemanasan pada temperatur 500o C dan aktifasi kimia dengan larutan H3PO4 5 M. Hasil terbaik ditunjukkan pada membran dengan penambahan karbon aktif  5 gram 120 mesh yang memiliki efektifitas penyaringan paling baik dan adsorbsi logam berat paling maksimal. Debit aliran semakin meningkat dengan nilai 0.0333 (ml/menit dan kerapatan membran semakin kecil 0.95534 (gr/cm dengan porositas 0.39 %. Hasil AAS menunjukan logam Cu mengalami penurunan kadar logam sebesar 0.0819 mg/L dan logam Fe 0.0285 mg/L. Membran ini merupakan membran mikrofiltrasi dengan rata-rata pori-pori 160.4 nm yang mampu mereduksi partikel dan bakteri dengan ukuran 400 nm hingga 2 µm

  11. Experiments for Aviation Fuel Pollution in a Junction of Three Branches%航空燃油污染在三通管路的分布试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡伟; 周洲; Nicolas Riviere

    2013-01-01

    Aviation fuel pollution is the one of the most important factors in fuel system failure, so fuel flow debit and quality are the parameters for real-time monitoring. For studying pollution distribution in a junction of three branches, a series of experiments with distilled water, are designsed by using measured pH to determine the concentration and then integrate the flow debit. The experiment in a single straight channel shows that the chosen method is fairly acceptable the debit and transverse diffusion coefficient are consistent with the theory The experiments in a junction of three branches prove that the flow is three-dimensional with characteristics of turbulence flow field, and that the dividing line between polluted fuel and unpolluted fuel is not so clear. Meanwhile, the process of longitudinal diffusion, transverse diffusion and vertical diffusion can be studied.%航空燃油污染对于整个燃油系统故障有举足轻重的地位.燃油流量以及质量是实时监测的重要参数.对于三支路交叉管道的燃油污染分布情况,设计了以蒸馏水为模拟介质,通过pH测定浓度进而得到流量的系列试验.单直管道的试验表明所选方法是可行的,流量和横向扩散系数都与理论保持一致.三支路交叉管道的试验则证明交叉混合区流场的三维湍流特性,以及已污染和未污染燃油之间的分界线的动态不确定性;同时可模拟出流向扩散、横向扩散以及纵向扩散的进程.

  12. Investigation experimentale de l'ecoulement et des performances thermiques du nanofluide eau-oxyde de cuivre dans un Micro-Canal Chauffe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimbault, Benjamin

    Cette these de maitrise presentee par articles visait a etudier le comportement hydraulique et thermique d'un ecoulement de nanofluides en micro-canal chauffe. Nous avons etudie premierement de l'eau distillee, ensuite des melanges de particules d'oxyde de cuivre (taille 29nm) avec de l'eau distillee en concentrations particulaires volumiques 4.5%, 1.03%, et 0.24% (CuO-H2O). L'ecoulement force des differents fluides a ete realise au moyen de pompes a engrenages au sein d'un circuit ferme, comprenant un micro-canal a section rectangulaire (e=1.116mm,1=25.229mm) chauffe sur deux faces paralleles via des cartouches electriques, deux echangeurs de chaleurs en serie, ainsi qu'un debitmetre magnetique. A notre connaissance peu d'etudes sur l'ecoulement de nanofluides d'oxyde de cuivre-eau en micro-canal rectangulaire chauffe sont disponibles dans la litterature, cette recherche sert de contribution. Premierement, une validation avec la litterature a ete effectuee pour le cas d'un ecoulement d'eau entre plaques planes paralleles chauffees. Des essais hydrauliques ont ete realises pour une gamme du nombre de Reynolds allant jusqu'a Re=5000 a temperature constante. Par la suite des essais thermiques jusqu'a Re=2500 ont consiste en une elevation de temperature fixe (20.5°C a 30.5°C) a travers la longueur du micro-canal sous un regime stationnaire. Les resultats ont demontre une augmentation de la perte de pression et du coefficient de frottement des nanofluides sur l'eau pour un meme debit. Une telle augmentation de perte de pression etait de +70%, +25%, et +0 a 30% respectivement pour les concentrations 4.50%, 1.03%, et 0.24%. Concernant la transition laminaire a turbulent les comportements semblaient indiquer une valeur critique semblable entre l'eau et les differentes concentrations avec et sans chauffage a un nombre de Reynolds critique Rem 1000. Nous avons observe une legere augmentation du coefficient de convection thermique avec le debit massique pour les faibles

  13. 中职护生气质类型与情绪智力的关系探讨%The Correlation of temperament to emotional intelligence of nursing students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵君英

    2014-01-01

    目的:探究中职护生的气质类型和情绪智力的关系。方法采用气质量表和情绪智力量表对397名中职护生进行调查。结果不同气质类型的情绪智力有显著差异(F=3.27,P<0.001)。其中多血质的情绪智力得分最高,黏液质次之,而胆-抑气质的情绪智力得分最低;胆汁质与情绪智力呈显著正相关(r=0.109,P<0.05),多血质和黏液质与情绪智力呈显著正相关(r=0.247,0.162,P<0.01);气质类型中多血质和黏液质对情绪智力具有显著的正向预测作用(β=0.233,0.215,P<0.001),抑郁质对情绪智力具有显著的负向预测作用(β=-0.117,P<0.05)。结论气质类型与情绪智力存在一定的相关。%Objective To explore the relationship between temperament and emotional intelligence of nursing students. Method Chen Huichang temperament inventory and Wong and Law emotional intelligence scale ( WLEIS) were employed to assess the temperament and emotional intelligence of 397 nursing students.Findings There were significant differences in emotional intelligence among different types of temperament ( F =3.27, P <0.001 ) .The score of sanguineous temperament was the highest, followed by the score of mucoid substance, while the score of bilious-melancholic temperament was the lowest.There was a significant positive correlation between bilious and emotional intelligence ( r=0.109,P<0.05),sanguineous and emotional intelligence(r =0.247,P <0.01),mucoid substance and emotional intelligence(r=0.162,P<0.01).Sanguineous and mucoid substance can significantly and positively predict emotional intelligence(β=0.233,0.215,P <0.001).Melancholic temperament can significantly yet negatively predict emotional intelligence(β=-0.117,P<0.05).Conclusion There was a significant positive correlation between temperament and emotional intelligence.

  14. What do central counterparties default funds really cover? A network-based stress test answer

    CERN Document Server

    Poce, Giulia; Gabrielli, Andrea; Zaccaria, Andrea; Baldacci, Giuditta; Polito, Marco; Rizzo, Mariangela; Sabatini, Silvia

    2016-01-01

    In the last years, increasing efforts have been put into the development of effective stress tests to quantify the resilience of financial institutions. Here we propose a stress test methodology for central counterparties based on a network characterization of clearing members, whose links correspond to direct credits and debits. This network constitutes the ground for the propagation of financial distress: equity losses caused by an initial shock with both exogenous and endogenous components reverberate within the network and are amplified through credit and liquidity contagion channels. At the end of the dynamics, we determine the vulnerability of each clearing member, which represents its potential equity loss. We apply the proposed framework to the Fixed Income asset class of CC&G, the central counterparty operating in Italy whose main cleared securities are Italian Government Bonds. We consider two different scenarios: a distributed, plausible initial shock, as well as a shock corresponding to the co...

  15. Optimised to Fail: Card Readers for Online Banking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drimer, Saar; Murdoch, Steven J.; Anderson, Ross

    The Chip Authentication Programme (CAP) has been introduced by banks in Europe to deal with the soaring losses due to online banking fraud. A handheld reader is used together with the customer’s debit card to generate one-time codes for both login and transaction authentication. The CAP protocol is not public, and was rolled out without any public scrutiny. We reverse engineered the UK variant of card readers and smart cards and here provide the first public description of the protocol. We found numerous weaknesses that are due to design errors such as reusing authentication tokens, overloading data semantics, and failing to ensure freshness of responses. The overall strategic error was excessive optimisation. There are also policy implications. The move from signature to PIN for authorising point-of-sale transactions shifted liability from banks to customers; CAP introduces the same problem for online banking. It may also expose customers to physical harm.

  16. Valuing quality of vegetation in recharge area of Seruk Spring, Pesanggrahan Valley, Batu City, East Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SITI SOFIAH

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Yulistyarini T, Sofiah S (2011 Valuing quality of vegetation in recharge area of Seruk Spring, Pesanggrahan Valley, Batu City, East Java. Biodiversitas 12: 229-234. A Seruk spring is one of the springs in Batu city which has water debit less than 1 liter per second. Land use changes of Seruk spring recharge area was occured in 2001. Recharge area of Seruk Spring consists of anthropogenic forest, eucalypts plantation, bamboo forest, pines plantation, horticulture and housing. The aim of this research was to valuing the quality of vegetation which supported ground water recharge in Seruk spring. Quality of vegetation were determined by vegetation structure, diversity, the thickness of litter and C-stock of each land use systems. Forests, eucalypts plantation and bamboo forests had almost same quality of vegetation.

  17. [Adjuvant and individual application of lumbar sympathectomy at patient with arterial disease in lower limb].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Govedarski, V; Petrov, I; Zahariev, T; Nachev, G

    2010-01-01

    The first lumbar sympathectomy for treatment of arterial occlusive disease of the lower extremity was performed in 1924 by Julio Diez of Buenos Aires. The standart anatomy textbooks indicate, as a rule that the lumbar sympathetic trunk contains four or five ganglia. The overall anatomic denervation is important for achievement of an adequate sympathectomy of a given segment of an extremity. Criteria and indications for complete sympathetic block are still not clear. Exceptionally important for the improvement of the reology of the lower limbs is the option for a direct increase of the collaterals' debit which could be achieved by extensive profundoplasty. As an addition to the arterial reconstructions, the sympathectomy increases the passability of small vessel anastomosis and the recovery of traumatized arteries. Unilateral or bilateral lumbar sympathectomy is performed by retroperitonal access. From 01.01.2008 till 01.11.2008 in our clinic were performed 117 isolated and after arterial reconstruction lumbar sympathectomies.

  18. Using Financial Ratios to Select Companies for Tax Auditing: A Preliminary Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marghescu, Dorina; Kallio, Minna; Back, Barbro

    Tax auditing procedures include an investigation of the accounting records of a company and of other sources of information in order to assess whether the taxation has been based on correct and complete information. When there are found discrepancies between the accounting information and the real situation, the taxation should be corrected so that the eventual tax defaults are assessed and debited. The paper analyzes to what extent the financial performance of a company can be used as an indicator of tax defaults. We focus on one type of tax, namely employer's contribution, and four financial ratios. We evaluate the model in a study of Finnish companies by using a binomial logistic regression analysis. The study is exploratory and at a preliminary stage.

  19. Conference Innovations in Derivatives Market : Fixed Income Modeling, Valuation Adjustments, Risk Management, and Regulation

    CERN Document Server

    Grbac, Zorana; Scherer, Matthias; Zagst, Rudi

    2016-01-01

    This book presents 20 peer-reviewed chapters on current aspects of derivatives markets and derivative pricing. The contributions, written by leading researchers in the field as well as experienced authors from the financial industry, present the state of the art in: • Modeling counterparty credit risk: credit valuation adjustment, debit valuation adjustment, funding valuation adjustment, and wrong way risk. • Pricing and hedging in fixed-income markets and multi-curve interest-rate modeling. • Recent developments concerning contingent convertible bonds, the measuring of basis spreads, and the modeling of implied correlations. The recent financial crisis has cast tremendous doubts on the classical view on derivative pricing. Now, counterparty credit risk and liquidity issues are integral aspects of a prudent valuation procedure and the reference interest rates are represented by a multitude of curves according to their different periods and maturities. A panel discussion included in the book (featuring D...

  20. Electronic access to food and cash benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MaloneBeach, Eileen E; Frank, Cindy S; Heuberger, Roschelle A

    2012-01-01

    The authors' purpose was to examine access to Family Independence Program and Food benefits in relation to customer service and an automated helpline. In addition, participants identified impediments and limitations to the receipt of services. Two hundred forty-four surveys were mailed to recipients of over-the-counter electronic benefit transfer cards; 58 were returned. The findings indicate that when customers (age 21-92) received assistance navigating the electronic benefits transfer system from local office staff, they were able to obtain benefits successfully. Negative credit/debit card history and touchtone phones were related to difficulty using the system. The results suggest that the local office and the contracted service provider (automatic helpline) need to provide assistance that promotes greater autonomy for the customer to make successful transitions to benefits that are delivered electronically.

  1. Bankruptcy Cascades in Interbank Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tedeschi, Gabriele; Mazloumian, Amin; Gallegati, Mauro; Helbing, Dirk

    2012-01-01

    We study a credit network and, in particular, an interbank system with an agent-based model. To understand the relationship between business cycles and cascades of bankruptcies, we model a three-sector economy with goods, credit and interbank market. In the interbank market, the participating banks share the risk of bad debits, which may potentially spread a bank’s liquidity problems through the network of banks. Our agent-based model sheds light on the correlation between bankruptcy cascades and the endogenous economic cycle of booms and recessions. It also demonstrates the serious trade-off between, on the one hand, reducing risks of individual banks by sharing them and, on the other hand, creating systemic risks through credit-related interlinkages of banks. As a result of our study, the dynamics underlying the meltdown of financial markets in 2008 becomes much better understandable. PMID:23300760

  2. Bankruptcy cascades in interbank markets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tedeschi, Gabriele; Mazloumian, Amin; Gallegati, Mauro; Helbing, Dirk

    2012-01-01

    We study a credit network and, in particular, an interbank system with an agent-based model. To understand the relationship between business cycles and cascades of bankruptcies, we model a three-sector economy with goods, credit and interbank market. In the interbank market, the participating banks share the risk of bad debits, which may potentially spread a bank's liquidity problems through the network of banks. Our agent-based model sheds light on the correlation between bankruptcy cascades and the endogenous economic cycle of booms and recessions. It also demonstrates the serious trade-off between, on the one hand, reducing risks of individual banks by sharing them and, on the other hand, creating systemic risks through credit-related interlinkages of banks. As a result of our study, the dynamics underlying the meltdown of financial markets in 2008 becomes much better understandable.

  3. Card Reader

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lan Xinzhen

    2012-01-01

    Huo Haizhong,a farmer in Zhuning Village,Shanxi Province,holds a special card in his hand,a card that will help his future.It's not a credit card,nor a debit card or spccial membership-it's a farmer's card,a large note card where Huo records informarion about crop yield,farm animals and his family's income.It's also a place where Huo can jot down problems on his farm and make suggestions to the local government.The farmer's card is being promoted across Zuoquan County.The county began promoting the card in 2008 on a trial basis,and now all 204 villages under its administration have introduced the card.

  4. Distributive justice and global health: a call for a global corporate tax.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, J D

    2007-06-01

    Significant efforts have been directed toward addressing the financial needs of the developing world for assistance with public health and related development problems. Both public and private organizations have made considerable economic contributions to assist with immediate and long term health challenges, and there is growing international support for programs of national debit relief. Still, there is a need for additional resources to combat international health problems, which go beyond largesse. This paper calls for the creation of a legally rooted, global tax as a mechanism for consistent long term funding. Specifically, the paper proposes engagement of the World Trade Organization as a vehicle to sponsor a global tax on multinational corporations who have benefited most from the international trading scheme.

  5. Finite element calculation of residual stress in dental restorative material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grassia, Luigi; D'Amore, Alberto

    2012-07-01

    A finite element methodology for residual stresses calculation in dental restorative materials is proposed. The material under concern is a multifunctional methacrylate-based composite for dental restorations, activated by visible light. Reaction kinetics, curing shrinkage, and viscoelastic relaxation functions were required as input data on a structural finite element solver. Post cure effects were considered in order to quantify the residual stresses coming out from natural contraction with respect to those debited to the chemical shrinkage. The analysis showed for a given test case that residual stresses frozen in the dental restoration at uniform temperature of 37°C are of the same order of magnitude of the strength of the dental composite material per se.

  6. Service use among school leavers with severe learning difficulties: the views of carers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ineichen, B

    1993-02-01

    School leaving is a time when difficult decisions have to be taken. Difficulties are likely to be particularly complex when the school leaver has severe learning difficulties. Carers of 61 young people living in one East London Health District were interviewed about their child's experience of service use at around the time of school leaving. The timing of school leaving appears to have been well handled, and the experience of those who went on to further education was positive. The school social work service was greatly appreciated. On the debit side, many informants were critical of the quality of short-term residential care. The commonest concern was for the prompt availability of day care. As in the few other studies of this subject, the impression that services appeared uncoordinated was given by carers.

  7. Experimental Investigations on a Novel Chemical Looping Combustion Configuration Étude expérimentale d’une nouvelle configuration de combustion en boucle chimique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yazdanpanah M.M.

    2011-04-01

    minimale d’energie. Un transporteur d’oxygene est utilise pour le transfert de l’oxygene en continu du “reacteur air” vers le “reacteur fioul” ou l’oxygene est apporte au combustible. Ainsi, le contact direct entre l’air et le combustible est evite. Le gaz resultant est riche en CO2 et n’est pas dilue avec de l’azote. Le transporteur d’oxygene reduit est ensuite transporte vers le reacteur air afin d’etre re-oxyde, formant ainsi une boucle chimique. Diverses configurations CLC ont deja ete developpees et testees a l’echelle laboratoire. Cependant, des travaux de recherche supplementaires sont necessaires pour garantir la faisabilite du procede. Parmi les differents points a aborder, le controle du debit de circulation du solide entre les deux reacteurs est de la plus haute importance, notamment en ce qui concerne son impact sur l’apport en oxygene et le degre d’oxydation du solide. Aussi la reduction des fuites de gaz entre le reacteur fioul et le reacteur air est un autre point important a prendre en consideration. Dans cette etude, une nouvelle configuration de CLC est proposee ou les reactions sont effectuees dans deux lits fluidises bouillonnants interconnectes. Le controle du debit de circulation du solide est realise independamment du debit de gaz de fluidisation des reacteurs en utilisant des vannes pneumatiques non-mecaniques. Les siphons sont egalement employes pour reduire au mieux les fuites de gaz lors du transfert solide. Les resultats experimentaux obtenus dans une maquette froide equivalente a un pilote de 10 kWth sont presentes dans ce travail. L’impact des parametres operatoires sur le taux de circulation du solide, des fuites de gaz entre les deux lits et l’equilibre des pressions sur l’ensemble des elements du systeme est etudie. Une circulation stable du solide a ete obtenue grace a un controle maitrise du debit du solide et une etancheite efficace du systeme.

  8. Bankruptcy cascades in interbank markets.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Tedeschi

    Full Text Available We study a credit network and, in particular, an interbank system with an agent-based model. To understand the relationship between business cycles and cascades of bankruptcies, we model a three-sector economy with goods, credit and interbank market. In the interbank market, the participating banks share the risk of bad debits, which may potentially spread a bank's liquidity problems through the network of banks. Our agent-based model sheds light on the correlation between bankruptcy cascades and the endogenous economic cycle of booms and recessions. It also demonstrates the serious trade-off between, on the one hand, reducing risks of individual banks by sharing them and, on the other hand, creating systemic risks through credit-related interlinkages of banks. As a result of our study, the dynamics underlying the meltdown of financial markets in 2008 becomes much better understandable.

  9. Elimination of Unauthorized and Fraudulent Transactions of ATM Using Image Processing Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Swaminathan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Chip and Magnetic stripe are the types of technologies embedded on debit, credit and ATM cards in order to store the payment information. This paper mainly deals with the magnetic stripe technology and proposes techniques that can be used to eliminate unauthorized and fraudulent transactions of ATM, Automated Teller Machine. The techniques that this paper proposes such as Attaching a ThumbReader on an ATM to get an impression of the left-thumb from the person who has inserted his card into the slot to access the ATM, Adding the details of the impression of the left-thumb of an ATM card holder to the magnetic strip embedded on the card, and making the ATM capable of comparing the impression of the left-thumb scanned by ThumbReader attached on the ATM, with an impression embedded on the ATM-card using image processing techniques.

  10. THE IMPLICATIONS OF SINGLE EURO PAYMENTS AREA (SEPA ON BANKING EFFICIENCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaita-Cosmin POPOVICI

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available With the creation of the euro by the Maastricht Treaty in 1992, European integration has deepened. Even with this step done the financial market is fragmented. In order to eliminate this disadvantage, the European Union has taken a number of measures. The first step is the Financial Services Action Plan in 2000, through the Lisbon Strategy. Second is the European Commission Regulation 2560/2001 to harmonise fees for cross border and domestic euro transactions. Third is the first pan-European Automated Clearing House in 2003. Last great step made is the Single Euro Payments Area (SEPA in 2008. In this paper, we want to research the degree of implementation of SEPA by using quantitative indicators: credit transfers, direct debits and payment cards, and the effects of this system on bank efficiency.

  11. Transmission Sur Fibres Optiques Dans Un Systeme D'Archivage Et De Communication D'Images Pour Des Applications Medicales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaron, Gilles; Bonnard, Rene

    1984-03-01

    Dans l'hOpital, le besoin d'un reseau de communication electronique ne cesse de crottre au fur et a mesure de la numerisation des images. Ce reseau local a pour but de relier quelques sources d'images telles la radiologie numerique, la tomodensitometrie, la resonance magnetique nucleaire, l'echographie ultraso-nore etc..., a un systme d'archivage. Des consoles de visualisation interacti-ves peuvent etre utilisees dans les salles d'examens, les bureaux des medecins et les services de soins. Dans un tel systme, trois caracteristiques princi-pales doivent etre prises en compte le debit, la longueur du cable et le nombre de connexions. - Le debit est tr?)s important, en effet, un temps de reponse maxima de quel-ques secondes doit etre garanti pour des images de plusieurs millions d'ele-ments binaires. - La distance entre connexions peut etre de quelques km dans certains grands hopitaux. - Le nombre de connexions au reseau ne depasse jamais quelques dizaines car les sources d'images et les unites de traitement representent des materiels importants, par ailleurs les consoles de visualisation simples peuvent etre groupees en grappe. Toutes ces conditions sont remplies par les transmissions sur fibres optiques. Selon la topologie et la methode d'accNs, deux solutions peuvent etre envisa-gees : - Anneau actif - Etoile active ou passive Enfin, les developpements de Thomson-CSF en composants pour transmissions optiques pour les grands reseaux de tel4distribution nous apportent un support technologique et une production de masse qui diminuera les collts du materiel.

  12. A Study to Investigate the Consumer Behavior and Cultural Dimensions of Engineering Students in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FARYAL SALMAN SALMAN

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The current study compares consumer behavior and Cultural Orientations between engineering and non-engineering students in Pakistan. Engineering students by virtue of their academic background are considered to have more technical know-how, more cognitive skills and can easily learn and adopt a new technology as compared to students from a non-engineering background. Furthermore the researchers were interested to find out that how the thinking skills and choice making of engineering students differ from other students and ultimately effects their consumer behavior and Cultural Dimensions. For this purpose three consumer behavior variables have been selected that are Customer Satisfaction, Customer Loyalty and Customer Switching. Cultural Dimensions are measured using the model proposed by Geert Hofstede. Two technologically sophisticated services are used in this study that is Mobile Phone and Debit Cards. The target population of the study consisted of 5000 students of which approximately 500 respondents were from various engineering universities in Pakistan. The comparison of consumer behavior and Cultural Dimensions differences was made through two group?s Discriminant Analysis. Differences in behavior and Cultural Dimensions have been reported among the engineering versus non-engineering students. Mobile Phone services satisfaction and loyalty were high among nonengineering students whereas engineering student?s registered higher satisfaction and loyalty in Debit Card services. Another interesting finding is difference in switching behavior. In case of both the servicesengineering students reported a higher mean score for switching. Score for Cultural Dimensions were also different among the two students type; whereby mean score for Masculinity

  13. Production of intense metallic ion beams in order of isotopic separations; Production de faisceaux intenses d'ions metalliques en vue de la separation des isotopes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarrouy, J.L. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1955-07-01

    We describe an isotope separator with magnetic sector of 60 deg that permits, with a process of neutralization of the space charge, to use efficiently intense ion beams. The sources of realized ions provide ionic debits of 10 mA. This present work deals who to obtain intense ion beams (10 to 15 mA), different processes of ion currents measurement, as well as the study of the phenomenon of space charge neutralization. The second part of this memory will be on the survey and the adaptation on the source of various type of oven permitting to spray and to ionize metals directly. By order of increasing difficulty of vaporization, we reached the chromium. (M.B.) [French] 0n decrit un separateur d'isotope a secteur magnetique de 60 deg qui permet, grace a un procede de neutralisation de la charge d'espace, d'utiliser efficacement des faisceaux d'ions intenses. Les sources d'ions realisees fournissent des debits ioniques de 10 mA. Ce present travail porte sur l'obtention de faisceaux d'ions faisceaux d'ions intenses (10 a 15 mA), des differents procedes de mesures des courants d'ions, ainsi que l'etude du phenomene de neutralisation de charge d'espace. La deuxieme partie de ce memoire portera sur l'etude et l'adaptation sur la source de divers type de four permettant de vaporiser et d'ioniser directement les metaux. Par ordre de difficulte croissantes de vaporisations, nous avons atteint le chrome. (M.B.)

  14. Radio-activity measurements inside the pressure-vessel of the reactor G 3 after 4 years operation; Mesure de radioactivite a l'interieur du caisson de la pile G. 3 apres 4 ans de fonctionnement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chassany, J.Ph.; Guillermin, P.; Delmar, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Centre de Production de Plutonium, Marcoule (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-07-01

    At the end of the piping coming into the vessel, the dose rate reached 75 mR/hr and 100 mR/hr near the deflector. On the other side of this deflector it was still 100 mR/hr and then increased rapidly to over 1 R/hr at 1 metre distance from the starting-up chambers. On the sides, the flux tended to decrease (80 mR/hr) and was 2 R/hr at a height of 3 metres. This dose rate could certainly have been decreased by discharging the peripheral zone of the reactor. Consequently it should be possible to intervene if necessary, on condition that great care is taken to avoid contamination and that the total dose is followed as precisely as possible during the operations. (authors) [French] A la sortie de la tuyauterie debouchant dans le caisson, le debit de dose atteignait 75 mR/h et 100 mR/h pres du deflecteur. Au-dela de ce deflecteur il etait encore de 100 mR/h puis augmentait rapidement depassant 1 R/h a 1 m des chambres de demarrage. Sur les cotes, le flux tendait a diminuer (80 mR/h) pour atteindre 2 R/h a 3 m de hauteur. Ce debit de dose aurait certainement pu etre diminue en dechargeant la zone peripherique de la pile. Par consequent une intervention dans le caisson serait realisable moyennant des precautions severes contre la contamination et une surveillance stricte des doses integrees. (auteurs)

  15. Oxidation and the Effects of High Temperature Exposures on Notched Fatigue Life of an Advanced Powder Metallurgy Disk Superalloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudbrack, Chantal K.; Draper, Susan L.; Gorman, Timothy T.; Telesman, Jack; Gab, Timothy P.; Hull, David R.

    2012-01-01

    Oxidation and the effects of high temperature exposures on notched fatigue life were considered for a powder metallurgy processed supersolvus heat-treated ME3 disk superalloy. The isothermal static oxidation response at 704 C, 760 C, and 815 C was consistent with other chromia forming nickel-based superalloys: a TiO2-Cr2O3 external oxide formed with a branched Al2O3 internal subscale that extended into a recrystallized - dissolution layer. These surface changes can potentially impact disk durability, making layer growth rates important. Growth of the external scales and dissolution layers followed a cubic rate law, while Al2O3 subscales followed a parabolic rate law. Cr- rich M23C6 carbides at the grain boundaries dissolved to help sustain Cr2O3 growth to depths about 12 times thicker than the scale. The effect of prior exposures was examined through notched low cycle fatigue tests performed to failure in air at 704 C. Prior exposures led to pronounced debits of up to 99 % in fatigue life, where fatigue life decreased inversely with exposure time. Exposures that produced roughly equivalent 1 m thick external scales at the various isotherms showed statistically equivalent fatigue lives, establishing that surface damage drives fatigue debit, not exposure temperature. Fractographic evaluation indicated the failure mode for the pre-exposed specimens involved surface crack initiations that shifted with exposure from predominately single intergranular initiations with transgranular propagation to multi-initiations from the cracked external oxide with intergranular propagation. Weakened grain boundaries at the surface resulting from the M23C6 carbide dissolution are partially responsible for the intergranular cracking. Removing the scale and subscale while leaving a layer where M23C6 carbides were dissolved did not lead to a significant fatigue life improvement, however, also removing the M23C6 carbide dissolution layer led to nearly full recovery of life, with a

  16. PENGARUH KEBUTUHAN TERHADAP MOTIF PENGGUNAAN KARTU DEBET BANK CENTRAL ASIA (BCA DI KALANGAN MAHASISWA AKTIF FAKULTAS EKONOMI UNIVERSITAS KRISTEN PETRA SURABAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatane Semuel

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This research is conducted to the students of class 1999, 2000, and 2001 of Economics Faculty of Petra Christian University. This research focuses on cognitive and affective motive of those subjects in using BCA's debit card, assuming that consumers tend to use objective and subjective factors in considering to purchase certain product. The result of this research shows that achievement needs, power needs, and affiliation needs simultaneously influence the motive of the subjects in using BCA's debit card, in which 46% of the influence can be explained by the model. Achievement needs have more dominant influence compared to power needs. Besides that, education factor (study duration found to influence the cognitive motive, which is shown by the motive difference among class 1999, 2000, and 2001. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penelitian dilakukan terhadap mahasiswa Fakultas ekonomi Universitas Kristen PETRA Surabaya angkatan 1999, 2000, dan 2001. Fokus penelitian pada motif kognitif dan afektif dalam menggunakan produk kartu debet BCA, dengan asumsi bahwa konsumen dalam mempertimbangkan pembelian suatu produk lebih didasarkan pada faktor obyektif dan subyektif. Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan kebutuhan yang diukur melalui, achievement needs, power needs, affiliation needs ternyata secara serempak berpengaruh terhadap motif penggunaan kartu debet BCA di kalangan mahasiswa Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Kristen PETRA Surabaya, dengan kemampuan 46% dapat dijelaskan dari dalam model. Achievement needs mempunyai pengaruh lebih dominan dibandingkan power needs. Selain itu faktor pendidikan (lama studi mempunyai dampak terhadap motif kognitif, hal ini terungkap dari adanya perbedaan motif tersebut pada angkatan 1999 dengan angkatan 2000 maupun angkatan 2001. Kata kunci: motif, achievement, power, needs.

  17. Production of intense metallic ion beams in order of isotopic separations; Production de faisceaux intenses d'ions metalliques en vue de la separation des isotopes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarrouy, J.L. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1955-07-01

    We describe an isotope separator with magnetic sector of 60 deg that permits, with a process of neutralization of the space charge, to use efficiently intense ion beams. The sources of realized ions provide ionic debits of 10 mA. This present work deals who to obtain intense ion beams (10 to 15 mA), different processes of ion currents measurement, as well as the study of the phenomenon of space charge neutralization. The second part of this memory will be on the survey and the adaptation on the source of various type of oven permitting to spray and to ionize metals directly. By order of increasing difficulty of vaporization, we reached the chromium. (M.B.) [French] 0n decrit un separateur d'isotope a secteur magnetique de 60 deg qui permet, grace a un procede de neutralisation de la charge d'espace, d'utiliser efficacement des faisceaux d'ions intenses. Les sources d'ions realisees fournissent des debits ioniques de 10 mA. Ce present travail porte sur l'obtention de faisceaux d'ions faisceaux d'ions intenses (10 a 15 mA), des differents procedes de mesures des courants d'ions, ainsi que l'etude du phenomene de neutralisation de charge d'espace. La deuxieme partie de ce memoire portera sur l'etude et l'adaptation sur la source de divers type de four permettant de vaporiser et d'ioniser directement les metaux. Par ordre de difficulte croissantes de vaporisations, nous avons atteint le chrome. (M.B.)

  18. Comparison of the theoretical and practical approaches to funding through the IPO way in the Czech capital market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomáš Meluzín

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Funding development of the company through the “Initial Public Offering” has a high representation globally, the Czech Republic unlike, and belongs to traditional methods of raising funds necessary for development of business in the developed capital markets. In the United States of America, Japan and in the Western Europe countries the method of company funding through IPO has been applying for several decades already. The first public stock offerings began to be applied in these markets in higher volumes from the beginning of the 60th of the last century. From that period importance of IPO goes up globally and the initial public stock offerings begin to be applied more and more even in the Central and Eastern European countries. In the conditions of the Czech capital market it is possible to identify only few companies, who attempted to funding through the IPO way at present. Greater part of the Czech companies still undergo the debit funding for financing their further development, namely in the form of bank loans. At the same time it is necessary to take into account, that the debit financing starts, thanks to so-called mortgage crisis in the USA, causing problems and mark up. Admittance of a stakeholder into the company is not convenient for all and thus IPO represents an interesting option of how to acquire a no arrear capital. The aim of this article is to determine the IPO concept, analyse its development at the world stockholder markets, describe the reasons for IPO implementation according to the contemporary professional literature and compare it with the approaches to this particular form of funding with companies that have already implemented IPO at the Czech capital market.

  19. Perencanaan Sistem Drainase Kebon Agung Kota Surabaya, Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Gita Pitaloka

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Saluran Kebon Agung terletakdi Surabaya bagian selatan di Kecamatan Jambangan dan bermuara di sisi laut Surabaya bagian Timur di Kecamatan Rungkut. Saluran ini memiliki panjang 11 kilometer dan lebar berkisar antara 7 – 12 meter. Pada saluran Kebon Agung terdapat 2 rumah pompa, yaitu Pompa Kutisari dan Pompa Kebon Agung. Rumah pompa ini sudah berfungsi untuk mengurangi banjir di Surabaya, namun masih kurang maksimal, sehingga masih terjadi genangan di beberapa lokasi. Berdasarkan Peta Kawasan Rawan Banjir Kota Surabaya tahun 2014, terdapat kawasan rawan banjir di pemukiman kampung wilayah kecamatan Jambangan akibat luapan sungai Kali Surabaya. Selain itu, menurut BAPPEKO (Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Kota Surabaya tahun 2015, terjadi pula genangan setinggi 10-40 cm di Kecamatan Wonocolo dan setinggi 10-50 cm di Kecamatan Gununganyar.Perencanaan sistem drainase Kebon Agung dilakukan dengan mengevaluasi kondisi saluran eksisting, kemudian melakukan analisis hidrologi dengan menggunakan program bantu HEC-HMS untuk mendapatkan debit banjir rencana. Sedangkan, analisis hidrolika menggunakan program bantu HEC-RAS dengan dua kali simulasi unsteady flow, yaitu simulasi kondisi saluran eksisting dan hasil perencanaan. Berdasarkan hasil analisis kondisi eksisting diperoleh bahwa genangan air terjadi karena kapasitas kapasitas saluran Kebon Agung saat ini tidak dapat mengalirkan debit banjir rencana, sehingga dibutuhkan perencanaan baru. Lebar saluran primer yang diperlukan berkisar antara 8 sampai 15 meter dengan kedalaman 3 meter, lebar saluran sekunder yang diperlukan berkisar antara 5 sampai 8 meter dengan kedalaman 2,5 meter, dan untuk lebar saluran tersier antara 1,2 sampai 2 meter dengan kedalaman 1 meter sampai 2 meter. Jumlah pompa yang dibutuhkan adalah 5 buah pompa dengan kapasitas 5 m3/detik dan 3 buah pompa dengan kapasitas 1,5 m3/detik.

  20. ANALYSIS OF THE EVOLUTION OF THE COMPETITIVE ENVIRONMENT IN THE ROMANIAN BANKING SECTOR, THE 2010-2014 PERIOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BÂLDAN FLORENTINA CRISTINA

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The Paper “Analysis of the evolution of the competitive environment in the Romanian banking sector, the 2010- 2014 period” takes into account the fact that in the analysed period, the number of the active credit institutions in the Romanian market remained relatively constant. Thus, at the end of the first semester of 2014, the Romanian banking system comprised 40 credit institutions, out of which nine are branches of foreign banks, while after 2010 42 banks operated in the market (out of which nine were branches of foreign banks. The main factors that determine the dynamics of the number of competitors in the banking sector are: relatively high barriers to the entry on the market; high barriers to the exit from the market; the macroeconomic environment, more particularly, the uncertainties related to the main indicators and on the public policies with impact on the business environment. The comparative analysis of the evolution of interests with the situation of the bank charges for banking services covering the highest number of clients, indicates a market power clearly higher of the banks in relation to the clients holding debit cards and a relatively low competition level generated by the even level of the charges. An important cause of this situation consists of high barriers for consumers in relation to changing the supplier banking service (switching costs (especially debit cards. Under such circumstances, the initiatives aimed at increasing the pro-competitive nature of the regulations, especially by eliminating the barriers to changing the supplier (such as the bank account portability, are particularly important from the perspective of the national competition authority

  1. Developing Educational Computer Animation Based on Human Personality Types

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sajid Musa

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Computer animation in the past decade has become one of the most noticeable features of technology-based learning environments. By its definition, it refers to simulated motion pictures showing movement of drawn objects, and is often defined as the art in movement. Its educational application known as educational computer animation is considered to be one of the most elegant ways for preparing materials for teaching, and its importance in assisting learners to process, understand and remember information efficiently has vastly grown since the advent of powerful graphics-oriented computers era. Based on theories and facts of psychology, colour science, computer animation, geometric modelling and technical aesthetics, this study intends to establish an inter-disciplinary area of research towards a greater educational effectiveness. With today’s high educational demands as well as the lack of time provided for certain courses, classical educational methods have shown deficiencies in keeping up with the drastic changes observed in the digital era. Generally speaking, without taking into account various significant factors as, for instance, gender, age, level of interest and memory level, educational animations may turn out to be insufficient for learners or fail to meet their needs. Though, we have noticed that the applications of animation for education have been given only inadequate attention, and students’ personality types of temperaments (sanguine, choleric, melancholic, phlegmatic, etc. have never been taken into account. We suggest there is an interesting relationship here, and propose essential factors in creating educational animations based on students’ personality types. Particularly, we study how information in computer animation may be presented in a more preferable way based on font types and their families, colours and colour schemes, emphasizing texts, shapes of characters designed by planar quadratic Bernstein-Bézier curves

  2. In vivo evaluation of Fe in the human skin and swins mice skin through the X-rays fluorescence technique; Avaliacao in vivo de Fe na pele humana e de camundongos swins atraves da tecnica de fluorescencia de raios X

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estevam, Marcelo

    2005-07-01

    Recent technological improvements allow the method of in vivo XRF to supply useful sensibility for diagnostics or monitoring in biomedical applications. In cases of hereditary sanguine disorders as the {beta}-Thalassaemia or a genetic disorder like Haemochromatosis, there is a high concentration of elements as Fe, Zn and Cu in the skin and internal organs, due to the treatment of those abnormalities or due to the own dysfunction caused by the disease. The levels of Fe related to the patient bearers of the {beta}-Thalassaemia are determined, at the moment, measuring a protein in the sanguine current, called ferritin. The monitoring of the protein is ineffective in several situations, such as when the patient suffers any disturbance of health. Nowadays, the main forms of measuring the levels of those metals through hepatic storage are the biopsy of the liver, that is invasive and potentially dangerous, presenting a rate of mortality of 0,1%, and through magnetic susceptibilities that employs a quantum superconductor, which is highly expensive and there are only three main world medical centers with this equipment. This work investigates the use of a Si PIN-diode detector and a 238Pu source (13 and 17 keV; 13%; 95.2 mCi; 86y) for the measurement of Fe skin levels compatible with those associated to the disease {beta}-Thalassaemia. XRF spectra were analyzed using a set of AXIL-WinQXAS programs elaborated and disseminated by the IAEA. The determination coefficient of the calibration model (sensitivity curve) was 0.97. Measurements on skin phantoms containing concentrations of Fe in the range from 15 to 150 parts per million (ppm), indicate that we are able to detect Fe at levels of the order of 13 ppm, using monitoring periods of 50 seconds and skin entrance dose less than 10 mSv. The literature reports skin Fe levels from 15.0 to 60.0 ppm in normal persons and from 70 to 150 ppm in thalassaemic patients. So, the employed methodology allows the in vivo measurement of

  3. Cardiovascular rehabilitation. Results in the cardiology service.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Navarro López

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundaments: Physical exercise produces changes in almost all the organism systems, the cardiovascular function is the main affected, important changes happen in the central heart bomb and in the outlying vasomotor regulation of the sanguine distribution. It has been demonstrated that the exercise favors modifications in the risk factors that comprises the lipídic patron, the glicemia, the overweight and some described more recently as the fibrinogen and the factors of the clotting. Objective : To analyze and to compare the effects of complex exercises in the patients included in the cardiovascular rehabilitation. Methods : Types study before and after, the total patients (30 included in the program of cardiovascular rehabilitation during 4 months in the Cienfuegos University Hospital ¨Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima¨. Results : Out of the total of patient, 25 are males (83.3%, the diagnoses were: myocardium sharp attack, arterial hypertension with angina, myocardial revascularization and stable angina. In a highly significant way p < 0,0001 double product varied as much at the end of the jogging and the ergometric parameters: the maxim body burden reached, tolerated and the total time of exercise. In a significant way p < 0,001 varied the double product of the ergometric test and the units of the basal metabolism. Conclusions: For the clinical changes, ergometrics and psychological evaluated in those patients we can consider them integrally rehabilitated with this group of exercises.

  4. Radioactive materials system of the ININ (SMATRAD); Sistema de Materiales Radiactivos del ININ (SMATRAD)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivero G, E.; Ledezma F, L.E.; Valdivia R, D. [ININ, 52750 La Marquesa, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2007-07-01

    The radioactive iodine (I-131) it is an isotope created starting from the iodine with the purpose of emitting radiation for medicinal use. When a small dose of I-131 is ingested, this is absorbed in the sanguine torrent in the gastrointestinal tract (Gl) and it is concentrated by the blood on the thyroid gland, where it begins to destroy the cells. This treatment makes that the activity of the thyroid decreases in great measure and in some cases it can transform an hyperactive thyroid in a hypoactive thyroid which requires additional treatments. The sodium iodide I-131 is one of the products elaborated and marketed by the ININ in the Radiopharmaceuticals and Radioisotopes production plant, dependent of the Radioactive Material Department of the Nuclear Applications in the Health Management. The Plant is the only one in its type that exists in the country, it has Sanitary License and Good Practice of Production Certificate, emitted by the Secretary of Health, and licenses for the handling and the transportation of radioactive material, sent by the National Commission of Nuclear Safety and Safeguards. Also, the quality system of the plant is certified under the ISO 9001:2000 standard. (Author)

  5. A well-balanced finite volume scheme for 1D hemodynamic simulations

    CERN Document Server

    Delestre, Olivier

    2011-01-01

    We are interested in simulating blood flow in arteries with variable elasticity with a one dimensional model. We present a well-balanced finite volume scheme based on the recent developments in shallow water equations context. We thus get a mass conservative scheme which also preserves equilibria of Q=0. This numerical method is tested on analytical tests. Nous nous int\\'eressons \\`a la simulation d'\\'ecoulements sanguins dans des art\\`eres dont les parois sont \\`a \\'elasticit\\'e variable. Ceci est mod\\'elis\\'e \\`a l'aide d'un mod\\`ele unidimensionnel. Nous pr\\'esentons un sch\\'ema "volume fini \\'equilibr\\'e" bas\\'e sur les d\\'eveloppements r\\'ecents effectu\\'es pour la r\\'esolution du syst\\`eme de Saint-Venant. Ainsi, nous obtenons un sch\\'ema qui pr\\'eserve le volume de fluide ainsi que les \\'equilibres au repos: Q=0. Le sch\\'ema introduit est test\\'e sur des solutions analytiques.

  6. Fear and Aggression in German Shepherd, Boxer and Rottweiler Dogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krassimira Uzunova

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available As a result of long-term active fear, variable moods can occur – howling, whimpering, crying, tremor, tics, manias, depressions, etc. It is now acknowledged that fear and aggression are closely related. It is also known that the different dog breeds manifest a various extent of fear and aggression. The study aimed to provide answers to two questions - classification of factors invoking fear and aggression according to their significance and which of investigated dog breeds – German Shepherd, Rottweiler or Boxer is the most resistant to fear and aggression episodes? The exclusion of all factors on the cultivation of three breeds of dogs / they complied with the norms / found that the causes of fear aggressive conditions are listed as follows – first of fear and aggression depend on the temperament of the dog and on the second place of the breed origin, growing conditions and the associated level of primary and secondary socialization. Fear aggressive manifestations occur at least in dogs with sanguine and choleric temperament. Representatives of the breed "Boxer" and "German Shepherd" are at the same level on the manifestations of fear and aggression. Rottweiler breed is in third place in this direction.

  7. A well-balanced finite volume scheme for 1D hemodynamic simulations*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lagrée Pierre-Yves

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available We are interested in simulating blood flow in arteries with variable elasticity with a one dimensional model. We present a well-balanced finite volume scheme based on the recent developments in shallow water equations context. We thus get a mass conservative scheme which also preserves equilibria of Q = 0. This numerical method is tested on analytical tests. Nous nous intéressons à la simulation d’écoulements sanguins dans des artères dont les parois sont à élasticité variable. Ceci est modélisé à l’aide d’un modèle unidimensionnel. Nous présentons un schéma ”volume fini équilibré” basé sur les développements récents effectués pour la résolution du système de Saint-Venant. Ainsi, nous obtenons un schéma qui préserve le volume de fluide ainsi que les équilibres au repos : Q = 0. Le schéma introduit est testé sur des solutions analytiques.

  8. Anxiety and Emotional Aspect of Bronchial Asthma in School Age Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.I. Burbela

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available An examination of 121 children with bronchial asthma (BA and 226 healthy adolescents aged 12.98 ± 2.80 and 12.36 ± 2.80 years, respectively, was conducted. The aim of the study: to explore the personal and psychological component of BA in schoolchildren. All children were observed to determine the psychological type of personality and emotional stability condition by Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI, to evaluate anxiety in the structure of personality by Spielberger test adapted by B. Hanin, and to assess anxiety at school by Phillips’s questionnaire.BA in children was accompanied by severe anxiety reactions with layering on features of mostly disturbing personality, cau­sing emotional discomfort that intensified with increasing seve­rity of the disease and decreased with increased control of the disease. One of the biggest sources of anxiety is the school environment. In all age groups of BA patients, symptoms of general school anxiety were detected, with dominance of two types of temperament: melancholics (32.23 %, n = 39 — emotionally unstable introverts, and cholerics (31.40 %, n = 38 — emotio­nally unstable extroverts in contrast to the control group, where the largest part was represented by emotionally stable extroverts — sanguine persons. Thus, high anxiety and emotional instability in children with BA determine the need of psychocorrention work among this category of pupils to successfully treat them.

  9. Aplicación del modelo de sthepen toulmin a la evolución conceptual del sistema circulatorio: perspectivas didácticas Application of the Stephen Toulmin's model to the circulatory system's conceptual evolution: didactical perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Uribe

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo, se presenta una breve sistematización acerca de la evolución del concepto de sangre que considera el período histórico que transcurre entre las concepciones de los egipcios hasta el siglo XVII, cuando Harvey consolida un ''modelo científico'' de Circulación Sanguínea en el organismo humano. A continuación, aplicamos el modelo de Toulmin para analizar la evolución de los conceptos de movilidad sanguínea, septum y frecuencia cardiaca desde una perspectiva realista pragmática. Finalmente planteamos algunas ideas orientadoras que podrían servir de guía para la enseñanza de este concepto considerando los aspectos históricos que analizamos a través del consolidado de las ideas expuestas.In this article is presented a brief systematization about the evolution of the concept of blood circulation that considers the historical period between the conceptions of the Egyptians until century XVII, when Harvey consolidates a ''scientific model of Sanguineous Circulation'' in the human organism. Next, we applied the model of Toulmin to analyze blood flow, valves and cardiac frequency evolution concepts from pragmatic to a realistic perspective. Finally we raised some ideas that could serve as a guide for the education of this concept considering the historical aspects that we had analyzed.

  10. Evaluation of special, functional and structural diversity of weeds community in pistachios (Pistacia vera L. orchards of Bardaskan County

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Elahi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available To study weed species diversity and community structure in pistachio (Pistacia vera L. orchards in 33 orchards of 12 villages an investigation was conducted in Bardaskan County, Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran during 2008-2009. Weed population sampling was conducted in a w shape method using 1m² quadrate. The results showed that the weeds of pistachio orchards were belonging to 15 families and 44 species. dicotyledons (31 species were more than monocotyledons (13 species. Such as in this community, weed species of C3, C4, annual and perennial were 26, 18, 28 and 13, respectively. The majority of weed species were belonging to the plant families of chenopodiceae (9 species and poaceae (12 species amongst dicotyledons and monocotyledons, respectively. the most important species of monocotyledon annual weeds were including Echinochloa crus-gali, Digitaria sanguinlis, Setaria viridis and perennial weeds were including Cyperus routundus, Cynodon dactylon and convolvulus arvensis. Weed species were grouped in seven clusters for density average, frequency and uniformity (similarity 75 percent whereas in eight clusters for relative density average, relative frequency and relative uniformity (similarity 75 percent. Amplitude changes of Shannon-winter diversity index were between 2.3 and 0.16 and of Simpson dominant index were between 0.97 and 0.17. The difference among indices of biodiversity and dominant clusters were relative to scale and type of management practices.

  11. In vivo toxicity and biodistribution of intraperitoneal and intravenous poly-L-lysine and poly-L-lysine/poly-L-glutamate in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaksson, K; Akerberg, D; Posaric-Bauden, M; Andersson, R; Tingstedt, B

    2014-05-01

    The combination of two differently charged polypeptides, poly-L-lysine (PL) and poly-L-glutamate (PG), has shown excellent postsurgical antiadhesive properties. However, the high molecular, positively charged PL is toxic in high doses, proposed as lysis of red blood cells. This study aims to elucidate the in vivo toxicity and biodistribution of PL and complex bound PLPG comparing intravenous and intraperitoneal administration. Fifty-six Sprague-Dawley rats were used in a model with repeated blood samples within 30 min examining blood gases and blood smears. Similarly, FITC labelled PL were used to track bio distribution and clearance of PL, given as single dose and complex bound to PG after intravenous and intraperitoneal administration. Tissue for histology and immunohistochemistry was collected. Blood gases and blood smears as well as histology points to a toxic effect of high dose PL given intravenously but not after intraperitoneal administration. The toxic effect is exerted through endothelial disruption and subsequent bleeding in the lungs, provoking sanguineous lung edema. FITC-labelled PL experiments reveal a rapid clearance with differences between routes and complex binding. This study advocates a new theory of the toxic effects in vivo of high molecular PL. PLPG complex is safe to use as antiadhesive prevention based on this toxicity study given that PL is always intraperitoneally administered in combination with PG and that the dose is adequate.

  12. Anxiety State and Its Comparison between Two Different Personality Types in Perspective of Unani Tib

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farkhunda Jabin

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Unani system of medicine or Tib is one of the Indian Systems of Medicine; it is based on the fundamentals given by Hippocrates, Galen and Ibne Sina. It has holistic approach to healing; it gives equal emphasis to patient’s individuality (Temperament and lifestyle factors. Temperament of the individual is the key concept in total diagnosis, prevention and treatment procedure. Each temperament is defined by peculiar personality traits and associated qualities. The purpose of the present study was to compare the anxiety state between Sanguinous/Damvi and Phlegmatic/ Balghami temperaments. The total hundred (50 Damvi and 50 Balghami temperament males were selected for this study. The ages of the subjects were ranged between 25 to 35 years and their temperament was assessed based on Galen 10 parameters. The data on anxiety state of the subjects were obtained by using a questionnaire developed by Neary and Zuckerman (1976. The t test was used to determine the difference between the mean score of anxiety level between Damvi and Balghami temperaments. Results revealed that there was a significant difference between Damvi and Balghami temperaments at 0.05 level of significance with 98 degree of freedom. Study showed that Damvi temperament males have higher level of anxiety state as compared to Balghami temperament males.

  13. Evaluation of the Dentistry course of UNIVILLE students’ knowledge about the use of the extracted teeth in the graduation and the teeth bank

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora ZUCCO

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was, through a questionnaire, evaluate the levelof knowledge of the students from graduation in Dentistry course –UNIVILLE –, about the teeth bank: its activities and functioning,biosecutity in teeth manipulation and, especially, to find out the reason why the students do not donate spontaneously extracted teeth to the bank.A questionnaire was elaborated and applied to the studentsfrom the first to the fifth year of graduation with pertinent questions about the teeth bank, such as the use of teeth in the disciplines of the course, biosecurity and donation of dental elements. After the questionnaire was applied, it was possible to evidence that: all the interviewed students (100% had needed extracted dental elements to use in laboratory assignments; 84,2% have reported difficulty in the obtainment of the requested teeth; about biosecurity, 66.6% of the students have stated that they had already manipulated extracted teeth without individual protection equipment; even knowing that the pulp and periodontal tissues can present sanguineous pathogenic microorganisms transmissible to the human being (86,8%. It was evidenced that the main reason why students did not participate effectively in the donation of “private supplies”, is the unfamiliarity with the activities of the teeth bank, its norms of procedure, protocols of donation and, mainly, the withdrawal of dental elements.

  14. KEPRIBADIAN DOSEN YANG BERPENGARUH TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicky Dwi Saputra

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan faktor yang menyebabkan penurunan prestasi belajar mahasiswa di Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Diponegoro dan menganalisis pengaruh kepribadian dosen terhadap prestasi belajar mahasiswa. Data penelitian dikumpulkan dari 100 mahasiswa program Akuntansi, Manajemen, dan Ilmu Ekonomi Studi Pembangunan  yang memiliki jangka waktu minimal lima semester studi. Pertanyaan-pertanyaan dengan menggunakan kuesioner diberikan melalui teknik purposive sampling. Jenis sampling yang digunakan adalah kuota sampling, kemudian dianalisis dengan menggunakan regresi berganda dan nilai jangka indeks menggunakan SPSS 16. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa semua jenis kepribadian empat (optimis, mudah tersinggung, melankolis dan apatis memiliki dampak positif dan signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar. Dengan pengaruh 43,3% sedangkan 56,7% dipengaruhi oleh variabel lain.This study aimed to determine factor causing degradation of achievement learn student in Faculty of Economics and Business University Diponegoro and analyse influence personality of lecturer to achievement learn student. Research data collected from 100 students in the program of Accounting, Management, and IESP (Economics of Development Studies that has minimal period of five semesters of study. The questions using a questionnaire administered through purposive sampling technique. The type of sampling that used was quota sampling, then analyzed using multiple regression and the value of the index run with SPSS 16. The analysis showed that all four personality types (sanguine, choleric, melancholic and phlegmatic has a positive and significant impact on learning achievement. With the influence of 43.3% while 56.7% are influenced by other variables

  15. Biological and clinical effects of low-frequency magnetic and electric fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Llaurado, J.G.; Sances, A. Jr.; Battocletti, J. (eds.)

    1974-01-01

    The blurb on this book states that it has been written for physicians, biologists, psychologists, engineers and those persons interested in the interaction of low frequency electric and magnetic fields upon animals and man. Certainly, the content of this book--which comprises papers presented by specialists at a symposium on The Effects of Low Frequency Magnetic Fields on Biological Communication Processes held in Aspen, Colorado--does not make simple reading and those lacking the necessary background are unlikely to make much progress. This said, however, the book can be recommended to those with the necessary interest, knowledge and perseverance. The book provides a great deal of information in a convenient manner and all those concerned with its production are to be congratulated on their work. Articles are well set out, illustrated and supported by abstracts, extensive references and discussions. As indicated above, the range of the subjects covered is large and includes such varied items as acupuncture, bird communication and some details of the U.S.A. Navy's extra low frequency communication system known as Project Sanguine. Finally, it is a pleasure to say that the book has been attractively produced and contains an excellent index.

  16. Expressionism as the radical creative tendency in architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfirević Đorđe

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The concepts of expression, expressiveness and expressionism present the key terms on which contemporary architectural and artistic works are based. Although these are essential esthetic categories, the explanations of these concepts are not clearly defined in scientific and theoretical texts. When the term expressionism is mentioned, it often implies the stylistic direction in architecture and the arts, which was created and lasted until the beginning of the XX century in northern Europe (especially in Germany and the Netherlands, and in which the artists have twisted the reality with exaggerated and energetic strokes to express their inner visions, ideas or emotions. However, contemporary theoretical discussions in the arts and architecture point to the manifestation of expressionism in other periods and contexts as well. The basic aim of the text is a critical discourse of interrelations among esthetic categories of expression, expressiveness and expressionism; reexamination of their positions and roles in the system of visual expression, as well as the examination of the starting hypothesis in research, according to which expressionism in architecture is a radical creative tendency with distinctive choleric-sanguine characteristics.

  17. PARÂMETROS HEMATOLÓGICOS DE CAPRINOS DE CORTE SUBMETIDOS A DIFERENTES NÍVEIS DE SUPLEMENTAÇÃO NO SEMI-ÁRIDO PARAIBANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOÃO VINÍCIUS BARBOSA ROBERTO

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The experiment was done in the experimental farm NUPEARIDO belonging to the Federal University of Campina Grande, Patos, Paraiba, Brazil. The objective of the research was to evaluate the hematological parameters as well as the adaptation degree of goats F1 (Boer x SRD created in semi-intensive regime and submitted at different levels of concentrated supplementation in the area or the semi-arid Paraibano. 24 animals were used F1 (Boer x SRD, distributed in a delineation entirely randomized with four levels supplementation (0.0; 0.5; 1.0; and 1.5 % of PV in MS and 6 repetitions. It was evaluated the environmental and hematological parameters aiming at to verify the degree of tolerance of the animals to the atmosphere. In the environmental parameters it was observed that there was significant effect of shifts (P < 0.05 with elevation of the temperatures during the afternoon. Already in the hematological parameters, there was not significant difference among the treatments. It was concluded that the different supplementation levels don't exercise significant effect on the hematological parameters of goats resultants of the crossing of the Boer race and SRD in the area of the semi-arid Paraibano and that the animals demonstrate high capacity of tolerance to the climatic conditions of that area for they maintain the normal sanguine representatives in agreement with the patterns for the species.

  18. KEPRIBADIAN DOSEN YANG BERPENGARUH TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicky Dwi Saputra

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan faktor yang menyebabkan penurunan prestasi belajar mahasiswa di Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Diponegoro dan menganalisis pengaruh kepribadian dosen terhadap prestasi belajar mahasiswa. Data penelitian dikumpulkan dari 100 mahasiswa program Akuntansi, Manajemen, dan Ilmu Ekonomi Studi Pembangunan  yang memiliki jangka waktu minimal lima semester studi. Pertanyaan-pertanyaan dengan menggunakan kuesioner diberikan melalui teknik purposive sampling. Jenis sampling yang digunakan adalah kuota sampling, kemudian dianalisis dengan menggunakan regresi berganda dan nilai jangka indeks menggunakan SPSS 16. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa semua jenis kepribadian empat (optimis, mudah tersinggung, melankolis dan apatis memiliki dampak positif dan signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar. Dengan pengaruh 43,3% sedangkan 56,7% dipengaruhi oleh variabel lain.This study aimed to determine factor causing degradation of achievement learn student in Faculty of Economics and Business University Diponegoro and analyse influence personality of lecturer to achievement learn student. Research data collected from 100 students in the program of Accounting, Management, and IESP (Economics of Development Studies that has minimal period of five semesters of study. The questions using a questionnaire administered through purposive sampling technique. The type of sampling that used was quota sampling, then analyzed using multiple regression and the value of the index run with SPSS 16. The analysis showed that all four personality types (sanguine, choleric, melancholic and phlegmatic has a positive and significant impact on learning achievement. With the influence of 43.3% while 56.7% are influenced by other variables

  19. L’infection bactérienne chez le patient brûlé

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Floch, R.; Naux, E.; Arnould, J.F.

    2015-01-01

    Summary La mort d’un patient brûlé est le plus souvent causée par une infection, bactérienne dans la grande majorité des cas. La perte de la barrière cutanée, les dispositifs invasifs et l’immunodépression liée à la brûlure sont trois mécanismes concourant à la survenue de ces infections. Chez un patient inflammatoire, les signes infectieux généraux d’infection sont peu discriminants. Du fait de la gravité des infections chez ce patient, leur prévention est un paramètre essentiel de la prise en charge. En raison des particularités pharmacocinétiques des brûlés, les posologies d’antibiotiques doivent être adaptés et les dosages sanguins doivent être systématiques. A l’heure où les résistances deviennent préoccupantes, les recherches sur les thérapeutiques sur les alternatives thérapeutiques parmi lesquels les inhibiteurs de facteurs de virulence, les peptides antimicrobiens, les polyphénols, l’immunothérapie…) deviennent cruciales. L’une des possibilités thérapeutiques les plus prometteuses semble être la phagothérapie. PMID:27252607

  20. Induction of abortion with aglepristone in cats on day 45 and 46 after mating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgiev, P; Bostedt, H; Goericke-Pesch, S; Dimitrov, M; Petkov, P; Stojanthev, K; Tsoneva, V; Wehrend, A

    2010-10-01

    The aim of this study was to test for the efficacy and safety of the use of aglepristone for pregnancy termination on day 45 in cats. Six healthy cats were treated with 10 mg/kg aglepristone sc on day 45 and 46 after mating; six other cats served as untreated controls. The effect of treatment was monitored by general examination, vaginal cytology, ultrasonography and blood sampling for haematology and progesterone determination. Besides, interoestrus interval and next pregnancy including litter size were recorded. The efficacy of treatment was approximately 67% (4/6) with abortion occurring 4-7 days after the first injection and a sanguineous discharge and erythrocytes in vaginal smears for at least 6 days afterwards. The two treated cats that did not abort gave birth to two kittens on day 67 and had a stillbirth of a single kitten on day 71, respectively. As expected enlargement of the mammary glands and lactation were observed in all treated cats. No other treatment-induced side effects were observed. Progesterone levels at abortion were high (30-140 nmol/l), but were decreased on day 55. Aglepristone treatment did not affect fertility in following cycles. Finally, it can be concluded that late-term pregnancy termination with aglepristone is possible but due to a success rate of 67% an ultrasonographical examination 7 days after treatment is an inherent necessity to control the effect of treatment.

  1. Cerebral blood flow simulations in realistic geometries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szopos Marcela

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to perform the computation of the blood flow in all the cerebral network, obtained from medical images as angiographies. We use free finite elements codes as FreeFEM++. We first test the code on analytical solutions in simplified geometries. Then, we study the influence of boundary conditions on the flow and we finally perform first computations on realistic meshes. L’objectif est ici de simuler l’écoulement sanguin dans tout le réseau cérébral (artériel et veineux obtenu à partir d’angiographies cérébrales 3D à l’aide de logiciels d’éléments finis libres, comme FreeFEM++. Nous menons d’abord une étude détaillée des résultats sur des solutions analytiques et l’influence des conditions limites à imposer dans des géométries simplifiées avant de travailler sur les maillages réalistes.

  2. INVESTIGATIONS ON MODIFICATIONS OF LIPIDS AND PERIODONTAL PARAMETERS IN PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imelda Ramona DINU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Scope of the study: Diabetes represents an important risk factor in cases of severe periodontopathies. For eluci‑ dating the bidirectional relation existing between the peri‑ odontal disease and diabetes, the sanguine variables, known as diabetes risk markers in patients with and without periodontal disease, yet both affected with this metabolic systemic disease, have been studied. Materials and method: Taken into study was a group of 57 patients, divided as follows: group 1 included patients with chronic periodontitis, without systemic diseases (diabetes inclu‑ ded, group 2 was formed of patients with chronic perio‑ dontitis and diabetes mellitus of type 2. The age of the patients ranged between 35 and 55 years. For all subjects, the periodontal status was evaluated, the levels of the plas‑ matic lipids were measured, after which a comparative analysis of the two groups was made. Results: Compara‑ tively with the control, the patients with periodontitis and diabetes mellitus showed higher plasmatic levels of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. Conclusi‑ ons: The pro-aterogenic modifications of plasmatic lipids and of blood glucose, manifested in patients suffering from periodontal diseases and diabetes may provide additional proofs on the close association among the periodontal disease, diabetes and the cardiovascular maladies.

  3. Genotoxic effect of radio marked lymphocytes using Tc-99m complexes; Efecto genotoxico del radiomarcado de linfocitos empleando complejos de Tc-99m

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedraza L, M.; Ferro F, G.; Mendiola C, M.T.; Morales R, P. [Instituto nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    1997-07-01

    The genotoxic effect of radio marked lymphocytes was evaluated using {sup 99m}-Tc-HMPAO and {sup 99m}-Tc- gentisic acid complexes. With the results of this work it is pretended to contribute to the knowledge of genetic and structural damages that provokes the radiation in the marked lymphocytes. The d, 1-HMPAO was synthesized in laboratory with a yielding of 30 %. The radiochemical purity of the complexes was greater than 85%. Mouse lymphocytes obtained of sanguineous volumes 2 ml were used. The radio marked efficiency of cells was 19.6 {+-} 6.4% and 25.6 {+-} 5.8% for {sup 99m}Tc-HMPAO and {sup 99m} Tc gentisic acid respectively. The genotoxic effect was evaluated using the technique of Unicellular Electrophoresis in Micro gel (Comet assay). The results showed that both {sup 99m} Tc complexes produce genotoxicity due to their capacity to penetrate cells, therefore the Auger and M internal conversion electrons place all their energy obtaining doses of Gray order. (Author)

  4. The Security of Russia's Nuclear Arsenal: The Human Factor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ball, D.Y.

    1999-10-12

    Assertions by the Russian military that all of their nuclear weapons are secure against theft and that nuclear units within the military are somehow insulated from the problems plaguing the Russian military should not be accepted uncritically. Accordingly, we should not give unwarranted credence to the pronouncements of military figures like Cal.-Gen. Igor Valynkin, Chief of the Defense Ministry's 12th Main Directorate, which oversees the country's nuclear arsenal. He contends that ''Russian nuclear weapons are under reliable supervision'' and that ''talk about the unreliability of our control over nuclear weapons has only one pragmatic goal--to convince international society that the country is incapable of maintaining nuclear safety and to introduce international oversight over those weapons, as it is done, for example, in Iraq.'' While the comparison to Iraq is preposterous, many analysts might agree with Valynkin's sanguine appraisal of the security of Russia's nuclear weapons. In contrast, I argue that the numerous difficulties confronting the military as a whole should cause concern in the West over the security of the Russian nuclear arsenal.

  5. Stéatose hépatique aiguë gravidique avec une pyélonéphrite aiguë droite sur une grossesse gémellaire: une association très rare

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benali, Zine el Abidine; Rachidi, Karim; Omari, Driss

    2013-01-01

    La Stéatose hépatique aiguë gravidique est une complication rare de la grossesse, et l'association avec la pyélonéphrite aiguë est encore plus rarissime survenant le plus souvent dans le troisième trimestre. Le diagnostic est affirmé par un faisceau d'argument clinique et biologique si non par l'histologie hépatique en dehors de trouble de la crase sanguine. Autrefois régulièrement mortelle, cette pathologie bénéficie actuellement d'un meilleur pronostic maternel et fœtal, du fait du diagnostic plus précoce, d'une délivrance rapide et du traitement symptomatique. Les auteurs ont jugé utile de rapporter une observation à travers d'un cas clinique d'une grossesse gémellaire associée à la pyélonéphrite aigue droite avec stéatose hépatique aiguë en milieu de réanimation. PMID:24396557

  6. Efecto de la terapia antirretroviral en la rehospitalización por enfermedad oportunista en Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roy Wong-McClure

    2006-10-01

    entre ambos períodos (Log Rank, pAim: To characterize the hospitable debits by VIH/AIDS in the Hospital Mexico, and to evaluate the repercussion that the antiretroviral therapy (ARVT has had in the probability of re-hospitallization by opportunistic diseases in these individuals. Methodology: the data of all the withdrawn patients of the Hospital Mexico were compiled with HIV/AIDS diagnosis between January of 1995 and April of the 2003. The descriptive analysis of the information was made using software SPSS version 12.0 with the calculation of the measures of central tendency and dispersion for the quantitative variables and calculation of the frequencies for the qualitative variables. The calculation of the survival analysis was made by the software Minitab vesión 12,2 with the definition of a statistical significance level of smaller or equal to 0.05. As inclusion criterion all the patients selected themselves who withdrew alive of their first hospitalization with the HIV/AIDS diagnosis and divided in two groups according to the year of their entrance and its exhibition to ARVT .The first group corresponds to the period of January of 1995 to December de1997 and not exposed to ARVT, the individuals of the first period that initiated ARVT were excluded from the analysis. The second period of 1998 to April of 2003 involves the hospitable debits with HIV/ AIDS diagnosis. Results: The data of 1081 debits corresponding to 623 patients, 85,7% men were analyzed, with an average age of 36,8 years, 69,8% were unmarried. The average of hospitalizations per year was of 70,9 patients. Observed general mortality was of 30%, but it was observed in same a tendency to diminish. Only 42,5% of all the debits corresponded to direct insured. The Kaplan Meier analysis revealed that the average to develop a second opportunistic disease was of 466,2 days (IC95% 382.8-549.7 for the group without ARVT and of 1050,5 days (IC95% 952.1-1148.9 for the group under the therapy with significant

  7. Heat transfer by liquids in suspension in a turbulent gas stream (1960); Transfert de chaleur par liquides entraines dans un ecoulement gazeux turbulent (1960)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grison, E. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Lab. de Physique-Chimie et basses temperatures, Grenoble (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1960-07-01

    -azote, ethanol-azote (liquides mouillants) introduits dans un tube d'acier inoxydable de 4 mm de diametre interieur, chauffe electriquement sur 320 mm de longueur. On a fait varier le debit de gaz (Reynolds jusqu'a 50 000), le rapport debit en masse liquide, le debit en masse de gaz (jusqu'a 15), la pression (jusqu'a 10 kg/cm{sup 2}), les temperatures (jusqu'a l'ebullition) et le flux de chaleur (jusqu'a 250 W/cm{sup 2}). Deux modes de burnout ont ete observes. On donne une formule de correlation du flux de chaleur provoquant le burnout. On etablit une formule de correlation sans dimension des coefficients d'echanges locaux en utilisant l'analogie entre tranfert de masse et transfert de chaleur. (auteur)

  8. Developpement d'un compresseur d'hydrogene base sur le cyclage thermique des hydrures metalliques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurencelle, Francois

    La compression de l'hydrogene est une etape incontournable de son utilisation dans l'industrie actuelle et dans les nouvelles applications energetiques de l'hydrogene (stockage stationnaire et transport). Les compresseurs mecaniques traditionnellement utilises posent plusieurs problemes d'ingenierie, de securite et de maintenance qui pourraient etre contournes en developpant de nouvelles technologies mieux adaptees a l'hydrogene. Dans cette these, notre objectif est de developper d'un compresseur d'hydrogene base sur les hydrures metalliques pouvant etre connecte a la sortie d'un electrolyseur fonctionnant a basse pression et d'ainsi repondre au besoin de productioncompression d'hydrogene decentralisee. La methodologie du projet comprend plusieurs etapes. Premierement, nous faisons la revue bibliographique des projets impliquant des compresseurs a hydrures metalliques. Deuxiemement, a travers des travaux experimentaux, nous recherchons des hydrures permettant une compression efficace entre 20 et 80°C. Les materiaux sont synthetises par fusion a arc electrique et caracterises sur bancs d'essais d'hydrogenation. La structure de certains materiaux est aussi investiguee par rayons X, methode de B.E.T. et microscopie electronique. Troisiemement, un reacteur d'hydrures est concu de maniere a promouvoir des echanges de chaleur rapides et efficaces. Quatriemement, le prototype et son interface de controle sont construits. Cinquiemement, le compresseur est caracterise pour en evaluer les performances en termes de debit et de capacite. Les resultats obtenus sont presentes dans trois articles publies et dans le chapitre 5 de cette these. Le compresseur (article I) est base sur trois hydrures (LaNi 4.8Sn0.2, LaNi5 et MMNi4.7Al0.3 ). Celui-ci permet d'atteindre un debit de compression de 10 a 20 L d'hydrogene par heure et son efficacite est, estimee a ˜5% par rapport a un compresseur adiabatique ideal. Il a ete demontre que l'efficacite pourrait etre augmentee en utilisant un

  9. Pemodelan Spasial untuk Pembuatan Peta Rawan Banjir dan Peta Tingkat Risiko Banjir Bengawan Solo di Kota Surakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toto Cahyono

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan pemodelan spasial untuk menyusun Peta Bahaya Banjir dan Peta Tingkat Risiko Banjir akibat luapan Bengawan Solo di Kota Surakarta. Lokasi penelitian meliputi penggal alur Bengawan Solo di wilayah Kota Surakarta. Metode penelitian yaitu dengan analisis hidrograf, pemodelan banjir, analisis potensi bahaya banjir, analisis kerentanan banjir, dan analisis tingkat risiko banjir. Analisis hidrograf dilakukan dengan menghitung debit puncak rancangan, analisis geometrik sungai, dan analisis karakteristik banjir. Pemodelan spasial banjir menggunakan perangkat lunak ArcView dengan ekstensi HEC-GeoRAS dan perangkat lunak hidrologi HEC-RAS. Analisis potensi bahaya banjir dari peta genangan hasil pemodelan spasial dengan input debit puncak rancangan banjir periode ulang 60. Analisis kerentanan dengan identifikasi elemen yang berisiko pada peta penggunaan lahan daerah bahaya. Analisis tingkat risiko dilakukan dengan cara overlay peta bahaya dan peta kerentanan banjir. Perangkat lunak ArcView 3.3 dengan ekstensi HEC-GeoRAS mampu untuk melakukan pemodelan banjir dengan tingkat validasi yang tinggi. Validasi dilakukan dengan membandingkan kedalaman maksimum hasil pemodelan dengan hasil perhitungan debit puncak rancangan. Nilai  perbedaan antara 0,68% - 4,54%. Meskipun secara kuantitatif peta model bahaya banjir rancangan sesudah pelurusan lebih luas daripada sebelum pelurusan, tetapi berdasarkan uji statistik penambahan luas tersebut tidak berbeda signifikan. Dari peta tingkat risiko banjir diketahui Kelurahan Sewu, Semanggi, Sangkrah dan Gandekan mempunyai potensi risiko banjir tertinggi di Kota Surakarta.   ABSTRACT This research is intended to perform flood modelling in Bengawan Solo River in order to develop flood hazard map, flood vulnerability map, and flood risk map as a result of overflow of such river in Surakarta City. The research area covers cut-off channel of Bengawan Solo in Surakarta City. The

  10. Transformation in Practice:Study on Reduction in Loan Interest Policy during the Movement of Reduction of Rent for Land and of Interest on Loans within Anti -Japanese Base Area%实践中的转变:抗日根据地减租减息运动中的减息政策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐建国

    2015-01-01

    During the movement of reduction of rent for land and of interest on loans,Reduction of Interest on Loans Policy was influenced by multi factors,of which the restriction of loan interest rate was most significant factor.Because the regulated interest rate was unduly low,debit and credit in rural areas was stagnant,imposing negative effect on peasants’production and living,and loosing the restriction of loan interest was the only choice.Reduction of loan interest underwent the process of harsh restriction to completely open,which was the policy transformation based on practice.However,viewing from actual result,the loosing of restriction on loan interest failed to revive the debit and credit in rural areas as predicted and difficulty in loan re-mained as before.%在抗日根据地的减租减息运动中,减息政策的变化受多种因素的影响,但借贷利率的限制无疑是其中最重要的因素。由于规定的利率过低,造成农村金融借贷停滞,给农民的生产和生活造成很大困难,放开对借贷利率的限制成为唯一的选择。减息政策经历了从严格的利率限制到完全放开的转变,这是在实践中根据实际情况作出的政策改变,但从实际效果来看,放开对借贷利率的限制并没有起到预期的恢复农村借贷的效果,借贷困难的局面一直持续下去。

  11. Local Wisdom of Osing People in Conserving Water Resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumarmi Sumarmi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Each tribe in Indonesia has certain local wisdom to conserve their environment, including managing water resources. The purpose of this research is to identify the local wisdom of Osing people in conserving water resources in Kemiren, Glagah Sub-District, Banyuwangi. This research uses descriptive qualitative method. The data are taken through interview, observation and documentation. The local wisdom of Osing people in managing water resources involves knowledge, values, moral and ethics, and norms, which are applied in forms of suggestions, rules and sanctions, and also old sayings as a guideline for them to behave and act in maintaining, keeping and conserving Mbah Buyut Citi water spring. To keep a constant flow of water debit, they protect trees and plants around the spring (belik, both belik lanang and belik wadon. In maintaining this local culture, the older generations pass on the values, moral, ethics, and norms including Islamic norms (most of them are Moslem as the guidelines on how to behave and act in practicing the traditions and instincts for respecting the environment to their family, neighbours, relatives and children-grandchildren.Masing-masing suku di Indonesia memiliki kearifan lokal tertentu untuk melestarikan lingkungan mereka, termasuk kearifan untuk mengelola sumber daya air. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi kearifan lokal masyarakat Osing dalam melestarikan sumber daya air di Kemiren, Kecamatan Glagah, Banyuwangi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Data diambil melalui wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Kearifan lokal masyarakat Osing dalam mengelola sumber daya air meliputi pengetahuan, nilai-nilai, moral dan etika, dan norma-norma yang diterapkan dalam bentuk saran, aturan dan sanksi, serta kata-kata bijak sebagai pedoman bagi mereka untuk bersikap dan bertindak dalam menjaga, menjaga dan melestarikan mata air Mbah Buyut Citi. Untuk menjaga aliran konstan debit air

  12. PENYARINGAN AIR TANAH DENGAN ZEOLIT ALAMI UNTUK MENURUNKAN KADAR BESI DAN MANGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Hartono

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Ground Water Filtration by Natural Zeolit to Reduce Iron and Manganese Levels. In rural areas most people use ground water for their daily purposes. Frequently, the water has high levels of Fe dan Mn. To provide a simple, cheap and reliable apparatus to reduce Fe and Mn, a zeolit column has been designed for filtering ground water. The objective of this experiment was to establish the optimal condition of the filtration. Natural zeolit of Bayah origin was crushed and grounded into small particles of approximately 3 mm in diameter. After washed with distilled water and dried in open air, the particles were then packed in a 4 × 50-cm glass column. The zeolit column was installed vertically, watered with distilled water to compact, and dried. Then 500 mL of ground water sample was poured onto the prepared zeolit column. By adjusting the stopcock, the water samples were filtered off at a flowrate of 16 mL/min. Filtrates werecollected with interval of 30 minutes for 2.5 hours and subjected to Fe and Mn analysis. The experiment was repeated for filtration rates of 14, 12, 10, 8, 6, 4, and 2 mL/min. Fe and Mn concentrations, contact times, and flowrates were converted into scattered-plot graphs of contact times versus concentrations. The graphs show that the optimum condition for Fe and Mn removals were 30-minute contact time and 2-mL/minute flowrate. At this, the Bayah zeolit Fe was reduced for 55% but it was only 40% for Mn in ground water containing 3.6 mg/L Fe and 0.7 mg/L Mn. However, at the optimum condition water debit of the zeolit column was only 2.88 L/day. Quantitatively, with filtration rate of 2 mL/minute, up to 2.5 hours contact time the Fe was only reduced to as much 1.12 mg/L (standard: 1.0 mg/L while theMn reduced to nil. It was concluded that the Bayah zeolit was effective to reduce Fe and Mn in ground water, although reducing capacity for Mn was better than for Fe, whereas the column could not be applied for daily purposes due to

  13. PEMODELAN DAERAH TANGKAPAN AIR WADUK KELILING DENGAN MODEL SWAT (Keliling Reservoir Catchment Area Modeling Using SWAT Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teuku Ferijal

    2015-05-01

    ditutupi oleh hutan (53%, dan pandang rumput (31%. Hasil analisa menunjukkan bahwa 10 parameter model yang sangat mempengaruhi debit adalah GW_DELAY, CN2, REVAPMN, ALPHA_BF, SOL_AWC, GW_REVAP, GWQMN, CH_K2 dan ESCO. Kinerja model sangat baik dalam memprediksikan volume tampungan waduk bulanan dengan nilai ENS 0,95, RSR 0,23, dan PBIAS 2,97. Namun, kinerja model menurun ketika mensimulasikan debit inflow harian dengan nilai-nilai ENS 0,55, RSR 0,67, dan PBIAS 3,46. Kata kunci: Waduk Keliling, SWAT, Daerah Tangkapan Air

  14. USING REMOTE SENSING MULTI-TEMPORAL IMAGE TO ANALYSE THE LAND USE CHANGES AND ITS IMPACT ON THE PEAK DISCHARGE IN GARANG WATERSHED CENTRAL JAVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Cahyadi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Perubahan penggunaan lahan di Kota Semarang akibat pertumbuhan penduduk dan aktivitas ekonomi telah menyebabkan terjadinya urban sprawl. Banjir rob, land subsidence, intrusi air laut dan tercemarnya air tanah di Kota Semarang Bagian Utara menyebabkan terjadinya perkembangan Kota Semarang dominan ke arah selatan. Hal ini menyebabkan perubahan penggunaan lahan dari lahan non terbangun menjadi lahan terbangun sehingga jumlah air hujan yang langsung menjadi limpasan akan semakin banyak. Hal ini akan menyebabkan bahaya banjir bandang di Kota Semarang semakin besar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1 mengetahui perubahan lahan yang terjadi di DAS Garang selama tahun 1994 dan 2001, dan (2 mengetahui dampak perubahan penggunaan lahan terhadap besarnya debit puncak yang terjadi di DAS Garang. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Citra Landsat TM tahun 1994, Citra Landsat ETM tahun 2001, dan Citra Alos AVNIR 2008, peta tanah DAS Garang, peta kemiringan lereng DAS Garang, peta jaringan sungai DAS Garang, dan data curah hujan harian Stasiun Ungaran tahun 1952 sampai dengan tahun 2009. Ditemukan bahwa luas lahan terbangun bertambah lebih dari dua kali lipat dari tahun 2001 sampai dengan 2008, lahan pertanian meningkat hampir 50% dan luas hutan mengalami penurunan dari tahun ke tahun. Namun demikian, debit puncak di DAS Garang tidak bertambah secara ekstrem meskipun mengalami sedikit perubahan. Change due to land use in the city of Semarang as an impact of population growth and economic activity has led to urban sprawl. Rob flooding, land subsidence, seawater intrusion and contamination of ground water in the northern part of Semarang lead to the development of the southern part. Consequently, this leads to changes in land use so that the amount of rain water runoff will increase. This may cause the danger of flash floods in the greater city of Semarang. This study were aimed to: (1 determine the changes that occur in the Garang watershed lands

  15. Feasibility study for the installation of a small hydro electric power plant; Etude de faisabilite. Petite centrale hydro-electrique au lieu dit 'Sous les Roches' a Sonceboz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tissot, N. [MHyLab, Mini-Hydraulics Laboratory, Montcherand (Switzerland); Hausmann, H. [Hans Hausmann, Bevilard (Switzerland)

    2003-07-01

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy presents a technical, economical and ecological analysis of the feasibility of a small hydroelectric power plant at Sonceboz, in the Swiss Jura mountains. The power of the planed plant would typically be 500 kW for a water head of about 10 m. The study shows that, compared to one single turbine, a pair of Kaplan type turbines would be operational over a larger range of the river's water flow rate. This solution would be a little bit more costly but offer more flexibility for maintenance. Two maximum water flow rates are considered, 4.5 and 6 m{sup 3}/s respectively. According to the economical study, done with current electric kWh prices, both configurations are viable while the largest flow rate leads to a larger profit. The report is rounded up by a sensitivity analysis considering variations in annual power generation, electro-mechanical and construction cost as well as turbine efficiency. It indicates that this last factor could be crucial for the overall profitability. [French] Ce rapport est le resultat detaille de l'analyse technico-economique et ecologique de faisabilite de la realisation d'une petite centrale hydroelectrique basse chute qui pourrait exploiter une denivellation d'environ 10 m pour une puissance de l'ordre de 500 kW pres de Sonceboz dans le Jura suisse. L'etude montre que le couplage de deux turbines Kaplan offrirait une possibilite de fonctionnement sur une plus grande plage de flux ainsi qu'une plus grande flexibilite de maintenance, ceci pour un cout legerement superieur a l'option a une seule turbine. Les debits de 4.5 et 6 m{sup 3}/s sont consideres. L'etude economique montre que le debit de 6 m{sup 3}/s est plus rentable au prix de vente actuel du kWh. L'article se termine par une analyse de sensibilite sur les incertitudes concernant la production annuelle, les prix de l'electromecanique et du genie civil et le rendement des

  16. Pharmacological study of radioactive-gold colloid transport by blood and by serous exudate; Contribution a l'etude pharmacologique du transport des colloides d'or radioactif par le sang et les exsudats sereux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rousselet, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1966-06-01

    substances et particulierement dans le transport de l'or colloidal radioactif. Les fractions sanguines qui peuvent participer au transport de l'or colloidal sont les hematies, les leucocytes et elements histiocytaires, et le plasma. La repartition de la radioactivite dans ces elements est precisee en pratiquant des autoradiographies de coupes de culots de sang centrifuge et congele apres incubation avec de l'or colloidal. Cette etude montre l'importance du plasma dans le transport des particules radioactives. Nous avons alors recherche une fixation eventuelle de l'or colloidal 198 sur les diverses proteines seriques en appliquant certaines methodes de separation a savoir une filtration-exclusion sur colonne de gel de Sephadex G-200 et un fractionnement electrophoretique sur papier et sur acetate de cellulose gelatineux (cellogel). Nous avons etudie la liaison ''in vitro'' et ''in vivo'' des particules colloidales d'or 198 d'abord avec les proteines seriques de sujets sains puis avec les proteines des liquides d'epanchement d'origine pathologique, chez l'homme, ou du a une inflammation experimentale a la carragenine chez le rat. Les particules d'or colloidal 198 de 30 m{mu} (S-2) sont liees dans une certaine mesure aux {alpha}2 globulines sanguines ou ascitiques, celles de 5 m{mu} (S-6) sont liees aux {alpha}1 globulines de meme que les grains contenus dans l'or polydisperse. Cette liaison semble intervenir grace a la couche protectrice de macromolecules constituees par la gelatine. Seules les caracteristiques physicochimiques de grains colloidaux peuvent expliquer leur difference de localisation sur l'electrophoregramme. L'or sous forme ionique, par contre, est combine, aux seules albumines si la quantite de metal presente ne depasse pas une certaine limite. (auteur)

  17. PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF AGGRESSION ON MALE PRISONERS IN LIAONING PROVINCE%辽宁省男犯攻击行为心理探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽; 席焕久; 牛志民; 温有锋

    2011-01-01

    [目的]探讨影响辽宁男犯攻击行为的心理因素,构建心理健康等因素与攻击行为的关系模型.[方法]采用修订后攻击问卷、症状自评量表、艾森克人格问卷、气质调查表和防御方式问卷对262名辽宁男犯进行心理测量.[结果]除内外倾和成熟防御机制外,男犯暴力倾向组与对照组攻击行为、心理健康、人格、防御方式有显著差异.暴力倾向组与对照组气质类型有统计学差异(X=17.08,P=0.002).男犯攻击行为与心理健康、人格、气质、防御方式等因素存在显著相关.以攻击总分为因变量建立结构方程模型,有显著性意义的因子为不成熟防御机制、敌对、精神质、多血质、黏液质和抑郁质.[结论]不成熟防御机制、敌对、精神质、多血质和抑郁质预测男犯可能有较高的攻击行为,黏液质预测攻击行为较低.%[Objective] To explore psychological factors of aggression on male prisoners in Liaoning province, and to build relationship model of mental health, many factors and aggression for male prisoners. [Methods] 262 male prisoners were surveyed with Revised Aggression Questionnaire, Symptom Checklist 90, Eysenk Personality Questionnaire, Temperament Questionnaire and Defense Style Questionnaire. [Results] There were significantly different aggression, mental health, personality and defense style between violence tendency group and normal group, but extroversion and mature defense style. There were statistically different temperament between violence tendency group and normal group (χ2 = 17.08, P = 0.002). Male prisoners' Aggression was significantly related to mental health, personality, temperament and defense style. Structural equation modeling was built by aggression total scale as dependent variable. There were significant factors including immature defense style, hostility, psychoticism, sanguine, phlegmatic and melancholic temperament. [Conclusion] Immature defense style

  18. Aloimunização Alloimmunization

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    Eduardo Baiochi

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Aloimunização é a formação de anticorpos quando há a exposição do indivíduo a antígenos não próprios, como ocorre, por exemplo, na transfusão de sangue incompatível e nas gestantes, cujos fetos expressam em suas células sanguíneas antígenos exclusivamente de origem paterna. Este artigo se restringe à aloimunização contra antígenos eritrocitários em pacientes obstétricas. Quase todos os anticorpos antieritrocitários podem ser enquadrados em um dos 29 sistemas de grupos sanguíneos já reconhecidos, sendo os mais comumente implicados na doença hemolítica perinatal o anti-D, anti-c e anti-Kell, seguidos por anti-C, anti-E, anti e, anti-Fyª e anti-Jkª. A pesquisa de anticorpos irregulares permite o diagnóstico de indivíduos aloimunizados e modernas técnicas genéticas têm melhor caracterizado estas pacientes para a profilaxia e segmento pré-natal. O tradicional acompanhamento das gestações de risco para a doença hemolítica perinatal, com a espectrofotometria do líquido amniótico e a transfusão intraperitoneal, vem rapidamente sendo substituído pela doplervelocimetria na artéria cerebral média e a transfusão intravascular guiada por ultrassonografia em tempo real. É possível também citar como avanços melhorias nos materiais e na qualidade do sangue transfundido, que, em conjunto, têm elevado a sobrevivência de fetos acometidos. Indubitavelmente, a correta aplicação da profilaxia com uso do anti-D é exitosa com potencial para reduzir os casos de aloimunização.Alloimmunization is the formation of antibodies when there is an exposition of the individual to non-self antigens, as it occurs, for example, in the transfusion of incompatible blood and pregnancies, in whom the fetus express in its sanguineous cells antigens exclusively of paternal origin. This article is restricted to the alloimmunization against erythrocytes antigens in obstetric patients. Almost all the anti-erythrocytes antibodies can

  19. Modificações no periodonto de ratos diabéticos após a movimentação ortodôntica Periodontal ligament changes after induced dental movement in diabetic rats

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    Luis Alberto Sabino Vila Real

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar as modificações do ligamento periodontal de incisivos de ratos diabéticos submetidos a forças ortodônticas. MÉTODOS: vinte ratos machos Wistar (Rattus norvegicus com 105 dias de idade foram empregados. Os ratos foram divididos em quatro grupos: C - animais normoglicêmicos não submetidos à movimentação dentária; CAO - animais normoglicêmicos submetidos à movimentação dentária; D - animais diabéticos não submetidos à movimentação dentária; DAO - animais diabéticos submetidos à movimentação dentária. Os animais permaneceram com o dispositivo de movimentação dentária por 5 dias. Foram avaliados o número de vasos sangüíneos e a espessura do ligamento periodontal nos terços cervical, médio e apical dos cortes histológicos. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: no lado de tensão, a movimentação dentária nos animais do grupo CAO resultou em um ligamento periodontal mais espesso (17,64% no terço apical, 39,28% no terço médio e 51,35% na região cervical, quando comparado ao grupo C (p 0,05. Ainda no lado de tensão, foram observadas lacunas de reabsorção nos animais dos grupos CAO, D e DAO. O lado de pressão não foi examinado nesta fase do estudo.AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the periodontal ligament changes after induced dental movement of the upper incisor in diabetic rats. METHODS: Twenty Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus with 105 days of age were used. The rats were divided in four groups: C - normoglicemic animals not submitted to dental movement; CAO - normoglicemic animals submitted to dental movement; D - diabetic animals not submitted the dental movement; DAO - diabetic animals submitted to dental movement. The animals had remained with dental movement devices during 5 days. The number of sanguine vessels and the thickness of the periodontal ligament were evaluated at cervical, medium and apical histological cut regions. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: At

  20. Seasonal fluctuation in the population of Harmonia axyridis (Pallas, 1773 (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae and co-occurrence with other Coccinellids in the Federal District of Brazil

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    Érica Sevilha Harterreiten-Souza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The multicolored Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas, 1773, was first recorded in Brazil in 2002 in Paraná state and subsequently observed in Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul and Minas Gerais. This species can spread to new areas and become dominant in the local community, reducing the density and diversity of native species, mainly Coccinellidae. The objective of this work was to record for the first time the occurrence of H. axyridis in the Federal District and its co-occurrence with other Coccinellidae species. The individuals were collected directly from plants at an organic farm in Taguatinga and in experimental fields of Embrapa Hortaliças, located in the Federal District, from August 2008 to January 2010. We collected 881 Coccinelids, and of these, 110 belong to the species H. axyridis. These were found exclusively on the following plants of the succinea group: maize, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, kale, cucumber, cotton, tomato and coriander. We also observed its co-occurrence with the following lady beetle species: Cycloneda sanguine (Linnaeus, 1763, Hippodamia convergens (Guerin-Meneville 1842, Eriopis connexa (German, 1824, Scymnus sp., Nephaspis sp., Azya luteipes (Mulsant, 1850, Hyperaspis festiva (Mulsant, 1850, Olla v-nigrum (Mulsant, 1866, Psyllobora sp. and Coleomegilla maculata (De Geer, 1775. So far, we have not found any negative interactions between H. axyridis and these species. This is the northernmost H. axyridis record in Brazil. Moreover, the region was previously considered to have a low probability of occurrence for this species. Therefore, this record confirms that H. axyridis presents great adaptive plasticity to new habitats.

  1. Arterial vascular supply of the thymus in poultry (Gallus gallus domesticus of the Master Gris Cou Plumé lineage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Maurício Mendes de Lima

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Seeking to expand information on the comparative morphology of poultry (Gallus gallus domesticus of the Máster Gris Cou Plumé lineage, a study was conducted to provide data on the number of lobes of the thymus in addition to origin, number and distribution of the arteries that promoted the sanguineous supply of this organ. To this end 30 poultry (15 males and 15 females were used. They were about six week old and were donated after natural death by poultry farms of the Federal District. The arterial supply was injected with a “450” Neoprene Latex stained solution. Subsequently, the poultry were fixed in a 10% formoldehyde aqueous solution by means of deep intramuscular, subcutaneous and intracaviteous applications and were kept in the same solution. Four to nine cervical lobes were found, in addition to one or two thoracic lobes on the left side. On the right side, three to seven cervical lobes and one or two thoracic lobes were found. The lobes were supplied indirectly by branches coming from the common carotidal artery, the cranial and caudal thyroidal arteries, the ascending esophageal artery, the ingluvial artery, the common vagus nerve artery, the occipital artery and the cutaneous branches. They were also supplied by direct by branches from the ingluvial artery, cranial thyroidal artery and common vagus nerve artery. It was possible to verify that poultry of this breed not only possessed characteristics that were defining for the breed as such, but also demonstrated particular arrangements for each of the individuals.

  2. Experimental results concerning the metabolism of ingested iodine-131 in adult sheep under lactation; Resultats experimentaux relatifs au metabolisme de l'iode 131 ingere chez la brebis adulte en lactation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daburon, F.; Capelle, A.; Tricaud, Y.; Nizza, P. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, 92 - Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires. Departement de la Protection Sanitaire, Laboratoire-etable de Radiobiologie Appliquee

    1967-07-01

    The authors give the results of a series of experiments on metabolism of ingested iodine-131 in adult sheep under lactation; the measurement were carried out over a number of years from 1961 to 1966. The work was concerned initially with the fixation of iodine 131 in the thyroid gland, with the calculation of radiation doses absorbed and with ways of showing up any possible radiation damage in the gland. The modes of absorption of iodine 131 and its elimination through milk, urine and the faeces were then considered. Finally, a last chapter is devoted to changes in the radioactivity of the blood and of the milk, to variations of the PBI level of the blood serum as to different methods for measuring this level. (authors) [French] Les auteurs rapportent les resultats d'une serie d'experimentations relatives au metabolisme de l'iode 131 ingere chez la brebis adulte en lactation, et qui se sont etalees sur plusieurs annees, de 1961 a 1966. Les etudes ont porte d'abord sur les aspects de la fixation de l'iode 131 dans la thyroide, avec le calcul des doses de rayonnements absorbees et les moyens de mettre en evidence les radiolesions eventuelles de la glande. Ensuite ont ete traitees les modalites de l'absorption de l'iode 131 et de son elimination par le lait, les urines et les feces. Enfin un dernier chapitre a ete consacre a l'evolution de la radioactivite du sang et du lait, aux variations ainsi qu'aux divers moyens d'evaluation du taux de PBI du serum sanguin. (auteurs)

  3. Potential of a 16S rRNA-based taxonomic microarray for analyzing the rhizosphere effects of maize on Agrobacterium spp. and bacterial communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanguin, Hervé; Remenant, Benoît; Dechesne, Arnaud; Thioulouse, Jean; Vogel, Timothy M; Nesme, Xavier; Moënne-Loccoz, Yvan; Grundmann, Geneviève L

    2006-06-01

    Bacterial diversity is central to ecosystem sustainability and soil biological function, for which the role of roots is important. The high-throughput analysis potential of taxonomic microarray should match the breadth of bacterial diversity. Here, the power of this technology was evidenced through methodological verifications and analysis of maize rhizosphere effect based on a 16S rRNA-based microarray developed from the prototype of H. Sanguin et al. (Environ. Microbiol. 8:289-307, 2006). The current probe set was composed of 170 probes (41 new probes in this work) that targeted essentially the Proteobacteria. Cloning and sequencing of 16S rRNA amplicons were carried out on maize rhizosphere and bulk soil DNA. All tested clones that had a perfect match with corresponding probes were positive in the hybridization experiment. The hierarchically nested probes were reliable, but the level of taxonomic identification was variable, depending on the probe set specificity. The comparison of experimental and theoretical hybridizations revealed 0.91% false positives and 0.81% false negatives. The microarray detection threshold was estimated at 0.03% of a given DNA type based on DNA spiking experiments. A comparison of the maize rhizosphere and bulk soil hybridization results showed a significant rhizosphere effect, with a higher predominance of Agrobacterium spp. in the rhizosphere, as well as a lower prevalence of Acidobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Verrucomicrobia, and Planctomycetes, a new taxon of interest in soil. In addition, well-known taxonomic groups such as Sphingomonas spp., Rhizobiaceae, and Actinobacteria were identified in both microbial habitats with strong hybridization signals. The taxonomic microarray developed in the present study was able to discriminate and characterize bacterial community composition in related biological samples, offering extensive possibilities for systematic exploration of bacterial diversity in ecosystems.

  4. Potential of a 16S rRNA-Based Taxonomic Microarray for Analyzing the Rhizosphere Effects of Maize on Agrobacterium spp. and Bacterial Communities†

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanguin, Hervé; Remenant, Benoît; Dechesne, Arnaud; Thioulouse, Jean; Vogel, Timothy M.; Nesme, Xavier; Moënne-Loccoz, Yvan; Grundmann, Geneviève L.

    2006-01-01

    Bacterial diversity is central to ecosystem sustainability and soil biological function, for which the role of roots is important. The high-throughput analysis potential of taxonomic microarray should match the breadth of bacterial diversity. Here, the power of this technology was evidenced through methodological verifications and analysis of maize rhizosphere effect based on a 16S rRNA-based microarray developed from the prototype of H. Sanguin et al. (Environ. Microbiol. 8:289-307, 2006). The current probe set was composed of 170 probes (41 new probes in this work) that targeted essentially the Proteobacteria. Cloning and sequencing of 16S rRNA amplicons were carried out on maize rhizosphere and bulk soil DNA. All tested clones that had a perfect match with corresponding probes were positive in the hybridization experiment. The hierarchically nested probes were reliable, but the level of taxonomic identification was variable, depending on the probe set specificity. The comparison of experimental and theoretical hybridizations revealed 0.91% false positives and 0.81% false negatives. The microarray detection threshold was estimated at 0.03% of a given DNA type based on DNA spiking experiments. A comparison of the maize rhizosphere and bulk soil hybridization results showed a significant rhizosphere effect, with a higher predominance of Agrobacterium spp. in the rhizosphere, as well as a lower prevalence of Acidobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Verrucomicrobia, and Planctomycetes, a new taxon of interest in soil. In addition, well-known taxonomic groups such as Sphingomonas spp., Rhizobiaceae, and Actinobacteria were identified in both microbial habitats with strong hybridization signals. The taxonomic microarray developed in the present study was able to discriminate and characterize bacterial community composition in related biological samples, offering extensive possibilities for systematic exploration of bacterial diversity in ecosystems. PMID:16751545

  5. A Retrospective Study on Cholesteatoma Otitis Media Coexisting with Cholesterol Granuloma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗凌惠; 龚树生; 白广平; 汪吉宝

    2002-01-01

    Summary: To investigate the etiology and pathogenesis of cholesteatoma otitis media accompanied by cholesterol granuloma and the relationship between cholesteatoma and cholesterol granuloma, 63 cas-es of middle ear cholesterol granuloma treated in our hospital during the period from March 1988 to May 2000 were retrospectively reviewed. All cases were surgically and pathologically verified. 15 cas-es of cholesteatoma coexisting with cholesterol granuloma were found among the 63 patients. All 15 cases had a long-term history of otitis media, such as otorrhea (sanguine purulent otorrhea and blood-y otorrhea in 8 cases) and perforation of the eardrum (perforation of pars flaccida in 8 cases). Tem poral bone CT scans showed cholesteatoma in 11 cases. All patients were treated surgically, and cholesteatoma and cholesterol granuloma were found coexisting alternately, the latter lying mainly in the tympanic antrum, attic and mastoid air cells. Chocolate-colored mucus was accumulated in well developed mastoid air cells, and glistening dotty cholesterol crystals were also found. In most cases,enlarged aditus, destruction of lateral attic wall, erosion of ossicular chain, exposure of horizontal segment of facial nerve and tegmen of attic were observed. Occlusion of Eustachian tube was noted in 6 cases, and occlusion of tympanic isthmus was revealed in all cases. A post-operative dry ear was achieved in all patients, and hearing improvement was achieved in all 12 cases following tympanoplas-ty. Cholesteatoma and cholesterol granuloma in middle ear may share a common pathophysiological e-tiology: occlusion of ventilation and disturbance of drainage. The diagnosis should be considered when patients presented with chronic otitis media with bloody otorrhea. CT and magnetic resonance imaging are useful for the diagnosis before operation. The surgical approach depends on the location,extension and severity of the lesion, The purpose of surgery is to remove the lesion and create an

  6. Les effets « santé » de l’huile d’olive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saillard Morgane

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Les huiles d’olives bénéficient d’une forte image santé auprès des consommateurs. Pourtant il y a peu d’allégations nutritionnelles et de santé autorisées par la Commission pour ces huiles. On peut citer par exemple « riche en acides gras insaturés », « riche en vitamine E » ou des allégations plus élaborées telles que «Les polyphénols présents dans l’huile d’olive contribuent à protéger les lipides sanguins contre le stress oxydatif» ou « Le remplacement de graisses saturées par des graisses insaturées dans le régime alimentaire contribue au maintien d’une cholestérolémie normale ». D’autres effets santé bénéfiques ont pu être mis en évidence dans le régime méditerranéen grâce à certaines études : par exemple l’amélioration des fonctions cognitives (projet COGINUT ou des fonctions cardiovasculaires (étude PREDIMED, sans toutefois avoir d’allégations autorisées correspondantes. Des recherches supplémentaires sont nécessaires pour mieux comprendre le rôle de l’huile d’olive (et sa composition en acides gras et polyphénols dans ces fonctions.

  7. Metabolic rates in five animal populations after prolonged exposure to weak extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields in nature. [Lambricus terrestris, L. rubellus, Arion sp. , Oniscus asellus, Plettrodon cinereus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greenberg, B.; Ash, N.

    1976-08-01

    Five species of soil-dwelling animals were collected under or some distance from the Navy's Project Sanguine extremely low frequency experimental antenna in September 1974 and in summer 1975, and their oxygen consumption and respiratory quotient (RQ) were tested and compared. The species were: earthworms, Lumbricus terrestris L. and Lumbricus rubellus Hoffmeister; slug, Arion sp.; wood louse, Oniscus asellus L.; and redbacked salamander, Plethodon cinereus cinereus (Green). Controls were collected on the same or next day, 6 to 13 miles from the nearest antenna. Test and control animals were tested simultaneously. In September 1974 there were no significant differences in O/sub 2/ consumption and RQ, except for a marginal difference (0.05 greater than P greater than 0.025) in O/sub 2/ consumption of L. rubellus; in 1975, there were no significant differences. Comparisons of metabolic rates between exposed and control groups in fall 1974 and between fall and summer (1973 and 1975) populations show no seasonally linked change in sensitivity to the electromagnetic fields. Controls showed an autumnal increase in metabolic rate of wood lice and salamanders. Oxygen consumption of wood lice is significantly (P less than 0.05) affected by method of shipment but there is no evidence that exposed and control animals react differently from each other to shipment by air or by car. Short-term (1 week) exposure of earthworms to the electromagnetic fields did not alter metabolic rate; however, confinement in nylon bags and translocation did, thereby limiting meaningful conclusions. No abnormalities in behavior, habitat selection, or external features and pigmentation have been observed in any of the exposed populations during 4 yr of collecting and observation.

  8. Inquiry into Problems of Farmers’ Employment under the Condition of Land Transfer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper emphasizes the urgency of solving the problems of farmers’ employment under the condition of land transfer,indicating that solving the problems of farmers’ employment is the necessary requirement of land transfer,the actual requirement of constructing well-off society comprehensively,and the objective requirement of transforming developmental model.The characteristics of the problems of farmers’ employment under the condition of land transfer are as follows:the rural surplus labor forces increase,and the ubiquitous unemployment is urgent;the employment room of farmers is narrow,and the structural unemployment is serious;the ability of farmers’ employment is poor,and recessive unemployment has a large proportion;the situation of farmers’ employment is not so sanguine,and the policy unemployment is frequent.This paper points out the causes of farmers’ employment problems under the situation of land transfer as follows:in terms of analysis of subjective factors,farmers’ self-employment ability is yet to be underpinned;in terms of analysis of objective factors,the relevant mechanism of government is unsound.Finally,corresponding countermeasures and suggestions are put forward as follows:establish the mechanism of farmer traceability analysis under the condition of land transfer;strengthen the training of farmers’ skills;reinforce the publicity and education of farmers’ employment concept;promote the process of urbanization and construct the employment vehicle of farmers;adjust the industrial structure in rural areas and expand the internal employment in rural areas;improve macro regulation and improve the employment environment for farmers.

  9. Qualitative evaluations of benzene in terminals and pipelines; Avaliacoes qualitativas de benzeno em terminais e oleodutos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Edson Ferreira da; Baltar, Joao Luiz da Conceicao [TRANSPETRO - PETROBRAS Transportes, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    The benzene (C6H6) is a stable hydrocarbon, with pleasant smell, plenty toxic, being able to injure sanguine cells and to cause cancer. It is used as raw materials in the obtainment of several products (inks, waxes, lubricants, etc.), chemicals intermediate and, also, it is found in the petrochemical naphtha and in the gasoline. About 80% of the contaminations for benzene are attributed to the gasoline. In relation to the benzene contents present in the petrochemical processes produced in Brazil, the recent Portaria Interministerial no. 775 (Brazil,2004), of April 28, 2004, prohibits, in whole national territory, the commercialization of finished products that contain benzene in its composition. It is admitted, even so, the presence of this substance as contaminant agent in percentage non superior at 0,8% (in volume), from July 1st, 2004, 0,4% (in volume), from 1st of December of 2005 and 0,1% (in volume), from December 1st, 2007. The Brazilian Ministry of Labour regulation NR-15, P. 776, establish that the companies that produce, transport, store, use or manipulate benzene and its liquid mixtures contends 1% or more of volume, accomplish the registration in the SST - MTE and initiation the Programa de Prevencao de Exposicao Ocupacional ao Benzeno - PPEOB in TRANSPETRO. During the evaluations they had been carried through the recognition of the places, equipment and they had defined the homogeneous groups of exhibition - GHE. From these information, environmental and biological evaluations in the terminals and intermediary stations (TECAM, TEVOL, ESTAP, ESMAN, ESVOL and ESJAP), had been executed, including the accomplishment of essays to determine the presence of benzene in the liquid phase, through the infrared base equipment, GS 1000. With base in the results mitigation and remediation actions were implemented in order to guarantee the occupational health of the components of GHE. (author)

  10. A case of bone marrow necrosis of an idiopathic aetiology: the report of a rare entity with review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhasin, Tejinder Singh; Sharma, Sonam; Chandey, Manish; Bhatia, Puneet Kaur; Mannan, Rahul

    2013-03-01

    Bone Marrow Necrosis (BMN) is regarded as a rare entity in the aspirates and the trephine biopsies which are obtained from living patients and it is a rare antemortem diagnosis. Usually, BMN is associated with a poor prognosis and it has a 90% association with malignancies (mainly haematological). Its other causes include infections, drugs and other non malignant haematological causes. BMN which occurs due to unknown causes (idiopathic), is very rare. The present case report describes a case of BMN in a 14 year old male child from rural background, who came to the medicine outpatient department of a tertiary care centre in north India, with the complaints of generalized weakness, severe bone pains, especially in the ribcage area and fatigue. His peripheral blood film revealed pancytopaenia. His bone marrow aspiration yielded a watery, sero-sanguinous fluid from 2 different sites. Microscopy revealed "ghost like" haematopoietic cells lying in eosinophilic, proteinaceous material. Bone marrow biopsies from both the sites revealed extensive foci of gelatinous transformation and necrosis. A diagnosis of BMN was rendered. No underlying neoplastic / non neoplastic cause was identified, even after a thorough systematic investigation (haematological/biochemical/ radiological and immunological). Thus, a final diagnosis of BMN due to an idiopathic cause, was finally given. The patient was given supportive treatment, after which he was referred to a higher centre. BMN which arises idiopathically is usually very rare and often precedes the aetiological diagnosis and obscures the diagnosis. Traditionally, the prognoses of the patients with BMN were considered as poor, but with better treatment aids (chemotherapy and supportive treatment), the prognoses of these patients have been found to improve. Vigorous supportive care, along with a disease specific treatment, is the key to its management. This case was worth reporting, as no cause of BMN was elicited in it and we have

  11. The relationship between personality characteristics and AIDS related factors of MSM%男男性行为人群人格特征与艾滋病相关因素的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王毅; 李六林; 张光贵; 樊静; 赵西和; 杨红; 姚卫; 周力

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the personality characteristics and the relationship with HIV-related factors of MSM (Men who have sex with men,MSM).Methods Using the Snowball Sampling method to recruit the people and determine eight people as the seed.To survey the on-site behavior like demographic characteristics,sexual behavior,personality traits and have serological test in a fixed location.Useing EPQ-RSC to measure the personality.Analyzing the data with t test,x2 test,H test and Logistic regression analysis.Results 402 people were included in the queue.The scores of the tables were P(3.28± 1.83),E(8.49±2.57),N(5.02±3.29),L(6.29 ± ±2.82).They were higher than the national norm (P<0.01).In temperament,the Sanguine is 33.6% (135/402),Choleric is 28.1% (113/402),Phlegm is 13.9% (56/402),Melancholic is 24.4% (98/402).The multivariate analysis showed that,compared with the Sanguine,the Choleric had independent statistically with the level of education and having received the examination or treatment of sexually transmitted diseases in a year (P< 0.05).The Phlegm had independent statistically with marital status,having received peer education in a year,first MSM age,the number of male anal sex in recent six mouths and the health of sexual partners in recent six mouths(P<0.05).The melancholic had independent statistically with marital status,having received the examination or treatment of sexually transmitted diseases in a year and the number of male anal sex nearly a week(P<0.05).Conclusion The temperamental type of MSM has its own characteristics,and has the relationship with AIDS-related factors.The Sanguine has more risks.%目的 了解男男性行为人群(MSM)人格特征及与艾滋病相关因素的关系.方法 采用滚雪球抽样法进行人员招募,从不同亚群特征确定种子8人,在固定场所进行招募对象的人口学特征、性行为、人格特征等现场行为学调查和血清学检验.人格测定使用艾

  12. Modelling of the generation phase of an absorption cooling cycle operating intermittently; Modelisation de la phase generation d'un cycle de refrigeration par absorption solaire a fonctionnement intermittent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boukhchana, Yasmina; Fellah, Ali; Ben Brahim, Ammar [Unite de Recherche, Thermodynamique Appliquee (99/UR/11-21), Universite de Gabes, Ecole Nationale d' ingenieurs, 6072 Gabes (Tunisia)

    2011-01-15

    No abstract prepared. [French] La modelisation en regime dynamique de la phase generation d'une installation frigorifique a absorption solaire a fonctionnement intermittent utilisant le couple ammoniac/eau a ete elaboree. L'etude basee sur l'intermittence du fonctionnement a permis d'elaborer, a travers les bilans matieres et thermiques, un modele thermodynamique reliant les temperatures, les debits et les fractions massiques dans les differents compartiments. Des journees ensoleillees representatives des quatre saisons de l'annee ont ete considerees. Les variations du taux d'ensoleillement, des temperatures et des concentrations ont ete explorees. Les resultats ont montre, moyennant les hypotheses adoptees en particulier a pression de fonctionnement constante, que la demarche proposee a permis d'avoir une temperature de generation autour de 135 C et une temperature de condensation de 60 C. Ces temperatures sont atteinte par l'adaptation de la convection naturelle a l'air pour le fonctionnement du condenseur. (orig.)

  13. Factoring out natural and indirect human effects on terrestrial carbon sources and sinks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canadell, J.G. [Global Carbon Project, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, GPO Box 3023, Canberra, ACT 2601 (Australia); Kirschbaum, M.U.F. [Environmental Biology Group, RSBS, Australian National University, GPO Box 475, Canberra, ACT 2601 (Australia); Kurz, W.A. [Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, 506 West Burnside Road, Victoria, BC V8Z 1M5 (Canada); Sanz, M.J. [Fundacion CEAM, Parque Tecnologico, Charles H. Darwin 14, 46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain); Schlamadinger, B. [Joanneum Research, Elisabethstrasse 11, Graz A-8010 (Austria); Yamagata, Y. [Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute of Environmental Studies, 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba 305-8506 (Japan)

    2007-06-15

    The capacity to partition natural, indirect, and direct human-induced effects on terrestrial carbon (C) sources and sinks is necessary to be able to predict future terrestrial C dynamics and thus their influence on atmospheric CO2 growth. However, it will take a number of years before we can better attribute quantitative estimates of the contribution of various C processes to the net C balance. In a policy context, factoring out natural and indirect human-induced effects on C sources and sinks from the direct human-induced influences, is seen as a requirement of a C accounting approach that establishes a clear and unambiguous connection between human activities and the assignment of C credits and debits. We present options for factoring out various groups of influences including climate variability, CO2 and N fertilization, and legacies from forest management. These are: (1) selecting longer accounting or measurement periods to reduce the effects of inter-annual variability; (2) correction of national inventories for inter-annual variability; (3) use of activity-based accounting and C response curves; (4) use of baseline scenarios or benchmarks at the national level; (5) stratification of the landscape into units with distinct average C stocks. Other, more sophisticated modeling approaches (e.g., demographic models in combination with forest inventories; process-based models) are possible options for future C accounting systems but their complexity and data requirements make their present adoption more difficult in an inclusive international C accounting system.

  14. M&E-NetPay: A Micropayment System for Mobile and Electronic Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaodi Huang

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available As an increasing number of people purchase goods and services online, micropayment systems are becoming particularly important for mobile and electronic commerce. We have designed and developed such a system called M&E-NetPay (Mobile and Electronic NetPay. With open interoperability and mobility, M&E-NetPay uses web services to connect brokers and vendors, providing secure, flexible and reliable credit services over the Internet. In particular, M&E-NetPay makes use of a secure, inexpensive and debit-based off-line protocol that allows vendors to interact only with customers, after validating coins. The design of the architecture and protocol of M&E-NetPay are presented, together with the implementation of its prototype in ringtone and wallpaper sites. To validate our system, we have conducted its evaluations on performance, usability and heuristics. Furthermore, we compare our system to the CORBA-based (Common Object Request Broker Architecture off-line micro-payment systems. The results have demonstrated that M&E-NetPay outperforms the .NET-based M&E-NetPay system in terms of performance and user satisfaction.

  15. Online Behavior and Loyalty Program Participation-parameters Influencing the Acceptance of Contactless Payment Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Fiedler

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study explores the central perceptions of consumers influencing the decision to use contactless payment instruments. Aim is to define a customer core group narrowed down by several variables and to find a basis for a purposeful communication of advantages of the new payment process, as investment into this technology bears the risk of total loss if the customer group is declining acceptance and the image of a company might be excessively damaged. External variables in context with the usage of social online media and participation in customer loyalty programs have been selected to clarify possible impact. These factors offer comprehensive explanation and help interpreting mechanisms within the decision making process for acceptance of the payment technology. Data were collected in a survey with n = 1,294 customers in a major city in Northern Germany. Results are displayed in a technology acceptance model, using structural equation modelling and regression analysis. The study is not limited on mobile payment instruments in the traditional context respectively involving a mobile phone. On the contrary this analysis is made on the belief that any device can be enabled for contactless payment processes, such as traditional items like credit or debit cards. Customers shopping online have a higher perceived usefulness an customers participating in loyalty programs tend to understand the argument of the ease of use of the technology more than their counterparts.

  16. Performansi Kolektor Surya Pemanas Air Dengan Penambahan External Helical Fins Pada Pipa Dengan Variasi Sudut Kemiringan Kolektor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dendi Nugraha

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Menipisnya sumber energi fosil mengakibatkan diperlukannya pemanfaatan energi alternatif seperti penggunaan kolektor surya untuk memanaskan air. Salah satu cara meningkatkan efisiensi kolektor adalah dengan menambahkan external helical fins pada pipa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana performansi kolektor surya dengan penambahan sirip berbentuk helical serta mengetahui pengaruh perubahan sudut kemiringan kolektor serta warna kaca penutup. Penelitian ini menggunakan variasi warna kaca penutup yaitu bening dan hitam dimana setiap warna divariasikan sudut kemiringan kolektor surya sebesar 100, 200 dan 300 serta debit diatur konstan sebesar 300 lt/jam. Pengambilan data dilakukan setiap satu jam dari pukul 09.00-15.00 WIB. Dari hasil penelitian ini didapatkan bahwa efisiensi kolektor surya dengan penambahan external helical fins pada pipa terjadi pada saat kaca penutup bening dengan sudut kemiringan kolektor 300 yaitu sebesar 65,81% Pada saat radiasi matahari sebesar 4,177 MJ/m2. Sudut kemiringan 300 merupakan sudut kemiringan paling baik dibanding 100 dan 200 serta penggunaan kaca penutup bening menghasilkan efisiensi yang lebih baik dibanding kaca hitam. Penambahan external helical fin pada pipa dapat meningkatkan efisiensi kolektor jika dibandingkan dengan tanpa penambahan fin.

  17. STUDI PENGARUH AERASI DAN RESIRKULASI LINDI TERHADAP LAJU PROSES DEGRADASI SAMPAH PADA BIOREACTOR LANDFILL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syafrudin Syafrudin

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available On the conventional landfill, the waste degradation requires a lot of time to make it through and it produces amethane gasfrom a anaerobic which could be dangerous if there is not an optimal processing. On this research,the writer uses 7 experimental reactors, 6 reactors given aeration treatments and leachate recirculation. Thevariations which have done in the research is leachate recirculation debit, namely (10 and 15 ml/minutes andcontinual lacheate’s flowing system and aeration variation, namely (3, 2, and 1ml/minutes everyday. Theparameter which is measured is the reduction of waste volume, temperature, PH, BOD and COD for weeklyanalysis. The results of the analysis are that the aeration of 1 ml/minutes with leachate resirculation of 15ml/minutes is the best of aeration condition and it can increase the settlement process and reduction of BOD andCOD concentration in a short time of leachate. This reactor can increase the volume reduction as much as 14,14% in six week and it is bigger than control reactor. The concentration reduction of BOD is from 718, 24 mg/lbecomes 88,44 mg/l and the reduction of COD is from 1285,58 mg/l becomes 893,44 mg/l

  18. Radio-active pollution near natural uranium-graphite-gas reactors; La pollution radioactive aupres des piles uranium naturel - graphite - gaz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chassany, J.; Pouthier, J.; Delmar, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Chusclan (France). Centre de Production de Plutonium de Marcoule

    1967-07-01

    The results of numerous evaluations of the contamination are given: - Reactors in operation during maintenance operations. - Reactors shut-down during typical repair operations (coolants, exchangers, interior of the vessel, etc. ) - Following incidents on the cooling circuit and can-rupture. They show that, except in particular cases, it is the activation products which dominate. Furthermore, after ten years operation, the points at which contamination liable to emit strong doses accumulates are very localized and the individual protective equipment has not had to be reinforced. (authors) [French] Les resultats de nombreuses evaluations de la contamination sont donnes: - Piles en marche pendant les operations d'entretien - Piles a l'arret au cours des chantiers caracteristiques (refrigerants, echangeurs, interieur du caisson, etc.) - A la suite d'incidents sur le circuit de refroidissement et de rupture de gaine. Ils montrent que, sauf cas particulier, ce sont essentiellement les produits d'activation qui dominent. Par ailleurs apres 10 ans de fonctionnement, les points d'accumulation de la contamination susceptibles de delivrer des debits de dose importants restent tres localises et les moyens de protection individuels utilises n'ont pas du etre renforces. (auteurs)

  19. Reform Orientation of Financial System in China%我国金融体制的改革方向——对温州民间借贷风波所暴露的金融体制弊端的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高霞

    2012-01-01

    温州民间借贷问题背后是宏观经济环境下的资产泡沫扩大,在资产价格泡沫上涨的预期中,体制内的企业可以通过一些途径进行“制度套利”,即用较低成本获得的资金,用于体制外的高收益借贷。要解决这一问题,首先需要宏观环境回归正常,然后再解决金融体制内的一些弊端。%At the back of folk loan problem in Wenzhou, we could see the expanding of assets bubble under the macro-economy circumstance. In the rise anticipation of assets price bubble, can enjoy the "institutional arbitrage", namely it can use the lower cost capital to and credit outside the system. the state-owned enterprise makes a profit through debit

  20. Surgical acute abdomen in elderly patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Itengré Ouédraogo

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundaments : The surgical acute abdomen usually is the most frequent cause of abdominal surgery of urgency in t he old one, with the high mortality in spite of the modern surgical technologies. Objective: To evaluate the surgery of the surgical acute abdomen in the old one. Method: Appears a prospectivo descriptive study that includes 102 patients of 60 years or more who underwent surgery at the ¨Dr Gustavo Aldereguía Lima¨ University Hospital of Cienfuegos with this diagnostic. The primary data were obtained from clinical cards of the patients and the daily clinical observation until the debit. Results: The patients presented an average age of 74 years, being the most frequent causes of the syndrome intestinal obstruction (32,4%, the biliary tract affections (22,5%, and acute appendicitis (21,6%. The most frequent symptom was abdominal pain (96,08%, and we noticed tachycardia in 80,4%. Postoperating complications in 47,06% of the patients appeared and was observed a mortality of 26,5% with statistically significant relation with the age, ASA classification, surgical risk, time of evolution and the surgical time. The peritonitis heads the direct causes of death.

  1. Economic considerations for wastewater upgrading alternatives: an Israeli test case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fine, Pinchas; Halperin, Ramy; Hadas, Efrat

    2006-01-01

    Sewage effluent for land application is becoming an increasingly important source of irrigation water in many semi-arid regions of the world. Two main approaches to the use of sanitation to upgrade effluent for reuse in agriculture were analyzed: (i) sanitizing to the level required for each crop; or (ii) upgrading all effluent to the sanitary level mandated for unrestricted irrigation (<10 fecal coli/100mL). The first approach was authorized by the Israeli health authorities, who consider irrigation with secondary effluent to be complementary to the treatment process. The other approach was conceived mainly by the agricultural and environmental establishments, which debited the additional financial burden to the urban sector and/or the 'general public'. We show that upgrading all effluents in Israel to 'unrestricted irrigation quality' would cost $69 million each year for upgrading alone, in addition to the costs of treatment to the sanitary level required for each individual crop and of observing all the necessary additional precautions and boundaries. This difference in cost stems from the fact that most effluent is used for the irrigation of non-edible crops, for which partial pathogen removal is sufficient. Thus, upgrading to the sanitary level required by the most sensitive crops would be rather wasteful.

  2. Characterization and analysis of surface notches on Ti-alloy plates fabricated by additive manufacturing techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Kwai S.

    2015-12-01

    Rectangular plates of Ti-6Al-4V with extra low interstitial (ELI) were fabricated by layer-by-layer deposition techniques that included electron beam melting (EBM) and laser beam melting (LBM). The surface conditions of these plates were characterized using x-ray micro-computed tomography. The depth and radius of surface notch-like features on the LBM and EBM plates were measured from sectional images of individual virtual slices of the rectangular plates. The stress concentration factors of individual surface notches were computed and analyzed statistically to determine the appropriate distributions for the notch depth, notch radius, and stress concentration factor. These results were correlated with the fatigue life of the Ti-6Al-4V ELI alloys from an earlier investigation. A surface notch analysis was performed to assess the debit in the fatigue strength due to the surface notches. The assessment revealed that the fatigue lives of the additively manufactured plates with rough surface topographies and notch-like features are dominated by the fatigue crack growth of large cracks for both the LBM and EBM materials. The fatigue strength reduction due to the surface notches can be as large as 60%-75%. It is concluded that for better fatigue performance, the surface notches on EBM and LBM materials need to be removed by machining and the surface roughness be improved to a surface finish of about 1 μm.

  3. Laser post-processing of Inconel 625 made by selective laser melting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witkin, David; Helvajian, Henry; Steffeney, Lee; Hansen, William

    2016-04-01

    The effect of laser remelting of surfaces of as-built Selective Laser Melted (SLM) Inconel 625 was evaluated for its potential to improve the surface roughness of SLM parts. Many alloys made by SLM have properties similar to their wrought counterparts, but surface roughness of SLM-made parts is much higher than found in standard machine shop operations. This has implications for mechanical properties of SLM materials, such as a large debit in fatigue properties, and in applications of SLM, where surface roughness can alter fluid flow characteristics. Because complexity and netshape fabrication are fundamental advantages of Additive Manufacturing (AM), post-processing by mechanical means to reduce surface roughness detracts from the potential utility of AM. Use of a laser to improve surface roughness by targeted remelting or annealing offers the possibility of in-situ surface polishing of AM surfaces- the same laser used to melt the powder could be amplitude modulated to smooth the part during the build. The effects of remelting the surfaces of SLM Inconel 625 were demonstrated using a CW fiber laser (IPG: 1064 nm, 2-50 W) that is amplitude modulated with a pulse profile to induce remelting without spallation or ablation. The process achieved uniform depth of melting and improved surface roughness. The results show that with an appropriate pulse profile that meters the heat-load, surface features such as partially sintered powder particles and surface connected porosity can be mitigated via a secondary remelting/annealing event.

  4. The fiscal outcome of artificial conception in Brazil--creating citizens in developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kröger, G B; Ejzenberg, D

    2012-01-01

    Infertility is an important health issue, but only a small fraction of the affected population receives treatment in Brazil, because it is not covered by the government or private health insurance plans. We developed a generational accounting-based mathematical model to assess the direct economic result of creating a citizen through IVF in different economic scenarios, and the potential economic benefit generated by the individual and his/her future offspring. A mathematical model analyzes the revenues and expenses of an IVF-conceived individual over his lifetime. We calculated the net present value (NPV) of an IVF-conceived citizen, and this value corresponds to the fiscal contribution to the government by an individual, from birth through his predicted life expectancy. The calculation used discount rates of 4.0 and 7.0% to depreciate the money value by time. A 4.0% discount rate represents the most favorable economic scenario in Brazil, and it results in an NPV of US$ 61 428. A 7.0% discount rate represents a less favorable economic reality, and it results in a debit of U$ 563, but this debt may be compensated by his/her future offspring. The fiscal contribution generated by each IVF-conceived citizen can justify an initial government investment in infertility treatment. Poor economic times in Brazil can sometimes result in a fiscal debt from each new IVF-conceived child, but this initial expenditure may be compensated by the fiscal contribution in the next generation.

  5. Guangzhou’s African Migrants: Implications for China’s Social Stability and China-Africa Relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anas Elochukwu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Until recently migration was treated like a footnote in the Africa-China discourse. Previously researchers and the media had focused attention on the “cost-benefit analysis” of China‘ s economic penetration of the continent. However, since 2008 when over a hundred African migrants blocked a major street in Guangzhou protesting the death of a Nigerian in an immigration raid, researchers and the media have been falling over themselves to unpack the phenomenon of migrant exchange in the relationship. There are now about one million Chinese migrants in Africa as against about two hundred and fifty thousand African migrants in China. Migration is a two-edged sword. On the credit side, migration can be a bridge between peoples as well as a major contributor to economic development. On the debit side, it can be a source of dispute between peoples and a threat to the hosts’ social stability. This paper discusses the implications of Guangzhou’s African migrants for China’s social stability and China’s relationship with Africa.

  6. Probable cases which gives ICMS credit in electric power tariffs; Estudo de casos passiveis de credito de ICMS em tarifas de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reis, Lindemberg Nunes; Pinto, Danilo Pereira; Oliveira, Angelo Rocha de

    2006-07-01

    There are laws and many forms of using them that are ignored by a great part of the population. In this work one of those laws is emphasised, the complementary law n. 102/2000 of 11/07/2000 (that changed the C.L. 87/1996), that concerns the credit of ICMS in electric power taxes. The main focus of the work is the way the law is put into practice, how it can be used , who is able to receive the support of this law and who is not, ways of decisions that justifies the validation and two studies of real cases of companies that already process credits in his bill. In those two studies of accomplished cases they will be demonstrated in an emphatic way as you accomplish them and its importance. One of the cases is a consumer of small load, of the tax group B, where there is only a way of accomplishing the study, in case it is framed in the debit regime and credit. Already the second study of cases is of a consumer of the tax group A, of blue seasonal hour tax. As a last proposal of this work is the one of verifying, with those two accomplished cases, the difference of the decision evidentiary between the two companies and in that consumer kind (of the group A or B), it is usually the largest index of restitution of ICMS. (author)

  7. Pemodelan Penurunan Sisa Chlor Jaringan Distribusi Air Minum Dengan EPANET (Studikasus Kecamatan Sukun Kota Malang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fahir Hassan

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Dalam upaya melakukan pemantauan dan upaya mempertahankan kualitas air minum pada sistem distribusi dengan menggunakan sisa chlor, sangat diperlukan pemodelan untuk mengetahui sisa chlor yang terdapat pada jaringan. Konsentrasi aman untuk sisa chlor minimum yaitu 0.2 mg/l, dimana pada konsentrasi tersebut masih mampu untuk menangani kontaminasi. Dengan mengetahui konstanta penurunan sisa chlor pada jaringan eksisting dengan survey lapangan, untuk mengetahui debit, diameter dan elevasi pipa distribusi dapat digunakan untuk mengoprasikan program EPANET. Dalam program EPANET dilakukan input data untuk data yang sudah di surfei dan dilakukan pengoprasian untuk aspek hidrolis. Apabila pada aspek hidrolis ini sudah memenuhi selanjutnya dilakukan analisa untuk penurunan sisa chlor menggunakan konstanta yang sudah didapatkan. EPANET dapat menganalisa secara keseluruhan faktor yang mempengaruhi penurunan sisa chlor dan menampilkan konsentrasi sisa chlor pada pipa dengan indikasi warna. Dalam proses analisa sisa chlor ini harus dilakukan pada kondisi jam puncak dan kondisi jam minimum. Hal ini ditujukan agar dapat diketahui konsentrasi maksimum dan konsentrasi minimum yang terdapat pada jaringan distribusi. Analisa sisa chlor menggunakan epanet ini dapat dilakukan dengan terlebih dahulu mengetahui konstanta penurunan sisa chlor yang terjadi, Namun apabila terjadi kebocoran atau gangguan perpipaan yang lain masih belum dapat dianalisa dan perlu dilakukan pembahasan lebih lanjut.

  8. Short analysis of the increase of the EEG apportionment 2013; Kurzanalyse des Anstiegs der EEG-Umlage 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loreck, Charlotte; Matthes, Felix C.; Hermann, Hauke; Jung, Frederieke; Emele, Lukas

    2012-10-15

    At 15th October, 2012 the transmission system operators had published the EEG apportionment (EEG - Energy Economy Law). For the year 2013. This apportionment amounts 5,277 ct/kWh for non-privileged consumers in comparison to 3,59 ct/kWh for the year 2012. The ongoing enhancement of the renewable energies increases the EEG apportionment by an amount of 0.74 ct/kWh. With 0.26 ct/kWh the photovoltaics has the largest proportion in comparison to photovoltaics. The power generation from biomass as well as from wind energy at onshore sites contribute with 0.21 ct/kWh to the EEG apportionment. The greatest item of 0.48 ct/kWh is the debit balancing of the EEG account. The liquidity reserve for the year 2013 will be enhanced to 10% of the budget deficit. The expansion of the privileged status of the power consumption increases the EEG apportionment by 0.12 ct/kWh.

  9. Some fundamental aspects of boiling in nuclear reactors; Quelques aspects fondamentaux de l'ebullition dans les reacteurs nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mondin, H.; Lavigne, P.; Semeria, R. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-07-01

    variation continue du taux de vide dans un canal bouillant permettant de calculer les pertes de pression sans discontinuite du coefficient de frottement au debut de l'ebullition franche. La comparaison avec l'experience est satisfaisante. On a etudie les diverses formes que peut presenter la perte de pression totale dans un canal bouillant en fonction du debit. Des singularites sont observees aux vitesses tres faibles et tres fortes. 3 - CALEFACTION (burn out): En regime etabli, on montre que dans un canal a chauffage uniforme le flux de calefaction en fonction du titre de sortie est en general independant de la longueur. Lorsque la calefaction est la consequence d'oscillation de debit, on compare les conditions de calefaction a celles obtenues en regime etabli. On a etudie le flux de calefaction a la suite d'un chauffage uniforme 'en echelon' dans un canal contenant de l'eau sans mouvement. Le flux comporte un maximum en fonction de la sous saturation. On a examine l'influence de la geometrie et de la nature du metal. 4 - OSCILLATIONS DE DEBIT: Sur une boucle a faible pression (8 atm) on a cherche l'influence de divers parametres sur les seuils d'apparition et sur les periodes d'oscillations de debit dans un canal bouillant. On enumere quelques aspects nouveaux de ce phenomene complexe observes a cette occasion. (auteurs)

  10. A System for Payroll Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavitra R. Gautam

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This research had done the software design and database system model for Payroll Management System (PMS in Defense Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS. The calculations are based on the user provided employees details like basic pay, house rent allowance, loan details and so on. Based on these user inputs the system automatically generates pay slip, pay bills, all schedules for debit and credit payments. This system is developed in such a way to suit for both new and old pension schemes of the central government employees of India. The use of Java Server Pages (JSP language for system development allows easy modification of the system design. So the system design can be directly implemented to any other central government organization with slight modifications. Approach: This study presented the database and software design for PMS. The software changes the manual operation into a computer-based system to automate study, provide efficiency, accuracy, timelessness, security and economy. Results: After undertaking an in-depth examination of the existing manual payroll management system and analyzing its short comings, it has been found necessary to remove its deficiencies and provide a suitable solution for presently encountered problem. Conclusion: The proposed system can help the organization to manage efficiently the employee pay related data as personal information, salary information, loan information and so on.

  11. Parametric Sizing of Composite Metal Lined Tanks for Bimodal Nuclear Thermal Propulsion Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abumeri, Galib H.; Roche, Joseph M.

    2006-01-01

    A computational method is described to evaluate the structural performance of composite over-wrapped metal lined LH2 tanks. This work was performed in support of the human space exploration initiative undertaken by NASA. The method is a judicious combination of available computer codes for finite elements, composite mechanics, durability, damage tracking, and damage tolerance. To illustrate the effectiveness of the analytical approach, composite over-wrapped LH2 core tanks of the Bimodal Nuclear Thermal Rocket (BNTR) were sized parametrically using launch loads and burst test requirements. The benefits and debits of inserting advanced composite technology into existing LH2 tank design concepts are evaluated in the paper. Results obtained indicate that LH2 tanks made from tape placement carbon fiber in a toughened epoxy matrix backed by a metallic liner for hermiticity are able to: (1) sustain micro-cracking in the matrix of the composite system prior to liner failure, (2) offer significant weight savings as compared to present technology (up to 31%), and (3) use unified design and weight configuration to support both launch loads and burst test requirements. The structural performance and sizing evaluation was performed for composite tanks varying in length from 10 m to 28 m. Weight calculations for the composite over-wrapped tanks show that the larger the tank length, the larger the weight savings (compared to those of traditional metallic tanks).

  12. FRAUD DETECTION IN BANKING INSTITUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sruthi T.V

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In the present scenario when the term fraud comes into a debate, fraudulent in credit card clicks to brain so far. With the huge enhance within credit card dealings, credit card deception has expanded unnecessarily as of late. Fraud detection introduces monitoring of the expenses behavior of users/ customers consecutively to determine, revealing, or evasion of undesirable conduct. As credit card becomes the most existing mode of payment for both online and usual acquisition, fraud tells with it are also accelerating. Fraud discovery is disturbed with not only capture the fraudulent actions, but also capture of such actions as rapidly as feasible. Electronic payment transactions have surge amid the most recent couple of years and so has the occurrence of debt and credit card deception, predictable by MasterCard and Visa to go beyond US$10 billion worldwide yearly. Organizations face huge increases in fake and card-not-present (CNP fraud, and the probable discouragement of the currency of payment cards and the business they allow. Thus, they require to utilize most successful fraud finding a solution that also easily incorporates into the system surroundings, considerably raises and preserve examination levels and diminish working cost linked to falling fraud losses. In this paper the future system produces ACI PRM for Debit and Credit Card deception discovery is an absolute fraud finding answers to deal with risk in online and offline card environment and ability to precisely identify card fraud enable users to instantaneously be familiar with fraudulent behavior.

  13. ANALYSIS OF THE BUDGETARY SYSTEM OF THE KRASNODAR REGION AS A KEY ELEMENT OF THE REGIONAL FINANCIAL SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayduk V. I.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Official statistics and information as well as the results of the modern researches in the field of finances and budgetary process were used in the given article. The aspects of forming the budget system as a key element of regional financial system were singled out. We examined the institutional peculiarities and modern tendencies of the development of budget system of the Krasnodar Region between 2009 and 2013. There are some positive characteristics: relative diversification of sources of tax yields, high diversification of portfolio of debentures, low level of interest payment for debt service, balanced system of debit. Some negative aspects were revealed: significant deterioration of balance sheet figures, reduction of self-financing ratio for the given period, high budget deficit, gap between the dynamics of small enterprises development and the budget expenditures size for support of small and medium-sized businesses. Taking into account that along with the Russian economy, the economy of the Krasnodar Region slows down, there will hardly be a significant rise of tax revenue to the budget system of the region. That’s why, modernization of the budget system of the region must be connected with the development of the financial management quality at all the levels of budget system: target and effective flow of funds for the social sphere, fight against shadow economy, increase of return for the use of property such as privatization, optimization and effectiveness of budget expenditures

  14. Assessment of contamination of the Issyk-Kul' valley natural waters with uranium mine wastes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palesski, S.V.; Nikolaeva, I.V.; Saprykin, A.I.; Gavshin, V.M. [The United Institute of Geology, Geophysics and Mineralogy SB RAS, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

    2003-05-01

    The Lake Issyk-Kul' of the central Tyan-Shan is characterized by increased natural uranium content. Uranium-carbon deposit situated on the southern bank of the Lake can be the reason of chemical and radioactive contamination of this unique basin by exploitation wastes. In order to estimate possible danger, a project 'Assessment and prognosis of environmental changes in Lake Issyk-Kul' (Kyrgyzstan)' was developed and supported by the Program of the European Commission 'Copernicus-2' (2001-2003). According to this project the water assays were sampled from different depths near the banks of the Lake and from low-debit sources draining the dumping grounds of the uranium-carbon deposit. Elemental and isotopic examinations of these water samples were performed using an ELEMENT HR-ICP-MS (Finnigan Mat). The results obtained are the evidence that the ecological status of the Lake Issyk-Kul'is not damaged at present. Wastewaters from the uranium-carbon mine do not make decisive contribution into the natural radioactive background. (authors)

  15. Awareness of Electronic Banking System among Management Students in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeeshan FAREED

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Electronic Banking is an essential sector of banking industry. E-banking services are gaining the attention of conventional bank’s customers rapidly. It has brought the revolutionary changes in the Pakistan banking industry in terms of customer and business perspectives. Electronic banking has got popularity in the developed as well as developing countries because it saves people time, reduces costs and people have access to all banking services on the click of a button. More often, the new innovated system allows the customers to touch their accounts at home using a mobile device or electronic terminals. This research paper focuses on growth and awareness of electronic banking among Management Students of the Okara, Pakistan. Questionnaire on 5 point Likert scale was developed to find the views of 200 respondents. Frequency distribution and correlation analysis were employed on data. The results revealed that 74% of the students are well aware about ATM and 82% of management students of our sample populations believe that e-banking is very convenient system of banking. 74% of the Management students feel secure when they have money in credit and debit card while 82% of the students prefer e-banking over traditional banking.

  16. The Improvement of Carburater Efficiency Using Biogas-based Venturi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lasmi Ni Ketut

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The elimination of the fossil fuel subsidy by the Indonesian government has caused an increase in fuel prices, and a solution to find a relatively cheap and environmentally friendly alternative energy is needed. Biogas is one of the sources of renewable energy that has a potential to be developed, especially in farming area where the abundant animal excrement is not yet optimally used and causes environmental problems. Addressing this issue, we have developed an innovation by making a biogas and air mixer instrument through venturi pipe, using the basic theory of fluid mechanism in order to increase the use of biogas as an electricity source. Usually, biogas-based electric generators use dual fuel system such as fossil fuel and biogas to perform combustion due to the low octane contained in the biogas. By replacing the readily available manufactured venturi with the modified venturi, optimal combustion can be reached with using only single fuel of biogas. The results of the experiments show that the biogas debit on carburetor increases from 13 to 439 watts consuming biogas fuel from 0.22 to 4.96 liter/minute, respectively. The amount of combusted biogas depends on the value of the load power. Within the scope of our results, the maximum voltage reached is about 211.13 – 211.76 volts which is feasible to use for 220 volts electrical appliances

  17. Alternative study of type and location of flood control infrastructure in the drainage system, Avfour Kelor channel, Tuban regency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabrang, Rangga Adi; Wardoyo, Wasis

    2017-06-01

    The topography of Tuban Regency which is close to the sea has both advantage and disadvantage. The advantage is the main channels of drainage can be directly discharged into the sea, while the disadvantage is the flow of the channels will be influenced by the sea tide. However, the absence of the channel capacity of drainage to load the runoff from the catchment area of Afvour Kelor channel led to inundations in the downstream and upstream. In addition, in the middle of the downstream and the upstream of Afvour Kelor channel, precisely in the Perbon Village, inundation frequently takes place particularly in the rainy season. It is allegedly caused by, the extreme runoff from the catchment area of Afvour Kelor channel, in addition to the influence of the sea tide. Due to the prevailing problem and the absence of the solution from the related institutions, the effort to manage drainage system in the area through the debit arrangement of runoff of Afvour Kelor cannel is urgently required. There were 3 (three) flood control scenarios that were simulated in this research. The scenarios in this research consisted of: to join the plan from the location of 7 (seven) ponds, 1 (one) pond at a predetermined location, and normalization of the channel. Subsequently, the most optimal scenario would be selected and reviewed based on the water surface profile in the cross section of the lowest Avfour Kelor channel.

  18. [Experimental modeling of the blood vessels magnetic embolization].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iacob, Gh; Ciochină, Al D; Bredeţean, O

    2005-01-01

    The embolization of blood vessels is used on a large scale: the method is applied in different diseases, in the ablation of organs, but especially in tumor necrosis. The embolization can be also magnetic, if the embolus is obtained through the deposit in the vessel of magnetic nano or microparticles in the presence of an external magnetic field. The objective of our study was the modeling of the magnetic embolization using amorphous magnetic microspheres that have strong magnetic properties and are biocompatible. Experimental tests were made in order to observe the building of the magnetic embolus inside a thin spiral tube and to determine the influence of some parameters on the efficiency of occlusions: the dimensions of magnetic microspheres (1-300 mm), the debit of the liquid (4.66 - 16.5 ml/min), the viscosity of the carrier liquid (1.007 - 7.34 cSt), the direction and the intensity of the external magnetic field (340 - 600 Gs), the shape of the tube and the linear length of the deposit (5 - 50 mm). Under pre-established experimental conditions the efficiencies of occlusions were between 67% and 100%.

  19. [Diagnostic evaluation of tubeless methods in the study of external secretions of the pancreas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsimmerman, Ia S; Zueva, E D

    1997-09-01

    Difficulties of examining the external secretion of the pancreas by direct secretin-pancreozymin test prompted us to try 4 probe-free methods for functional assessment of the pancreas in 33 patients with chronic acalculous cholecystitis, 50 patients with reactive pancreatitis concomitant with duodenal ulcer, chronic duodenal obstruction, etc., and in 22 patients with primary chronic pancreatitis during a relapse. The Benda-Zheltvai method with assessment of the debit of uric excretion of alpha-amylase during three 30-min intervals before and after standard food loading and calculation of the pancreozymin induction coefficient, assessment of the ratio of alpha-amylase and creatinine clearance from their content in the urine, the proserine provocation urotest, and Lasus test for hyperaminoaciduria resultant from exocrine insufficiency of the pancreas were used. The Benda-Zheltvai method proved to be a sensitive and specific test for the diagnosis of exocrine insufficiency of the pancreas; moreover, it can be used for assessing the treatment efficacy. The proserine test helps assess the type and severity of disorders of pancreatic external secretion. The ratio of alpha-amylase to creatinine clearance demonstrates just the most expressed disorders of pancreatic exocrine secretion during the relapse of primary chronic pancreatitis. Lasus test for hyperaminoaciduria detects pancreatic dyscrinia and provides valuable information about the function of the pancreas.

  20. Production of an intense source of micro-second proton pulses; Recherche d'une intense source de protons pulsee a la micro-seconde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belmont, J.L. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-02-01

    In order to obtain micro-second proton pulses of 100 mA, we have built a duoplasmatron ion source and beam focusing equipment. The pulses of the ion-source were produced by a load discharge. The source operates as a hydrogen-thyratron. The particular geometry of the duoplasmatron was chosen in order that the ion emission be stable with a 10 A arc and with a gas-flow lower than 10 cm{sup 3}/h T.P.N. Studies of the beam showed preponderance of protons and the presence of heavy ions. The beam density is higher on the optic axis. (author) [French] Pour obtenir des impulsions d'une microseconde de 100 mA de protons, on a ete amene a construire une source 'duoplasmatron' et son optique de focalisation. La pulsation de la source a ete faite par decharge d'une ligne, la source fonctionnant elle-meme comme un thyratron a hydrogene. La geometrie de la source a ete etudiee pour que l'emission d'ions soit stable avec un arc de 10 amperes de crete et un debit de gaz de 10 cm{sup 3}/h T.P.N. Une analyse du faisceau a revele la preponderance des protons et l'existence d'ions lourds. La densite du faisceau est plus grande sur l'axe de l'optique.

  1. Research on the Analysis of Recognition and Appraisal Value of the Signature Imitation Specialty%摹仿签名笔迹特征的识别及鉴定价值分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许燕燕; 张振南; 孙华清

    2012-01-01

    The signature imitation appraisal is common in the judicial practice,which is the harder kind of the handwriting verification,and it is usually applied in the debit note,the receipt,the contract and the instruction handwriting by the suspects.This article aims at the combining of picture to explain the analysis of recognition and appraisal value of the signature handwriting imitation,and we hope to heighten the level and ability of the appraisal taker in the judicial practice,to improve the correctness and the subject,for which offers certain reference.%摹仿签名笔迹鉴定在司法实践中比较常见,它是笔迹鉴定中较难的一种。结合图片说明对摹仿签名笔迹特征的识别及其鉴定价值,以期在司法实践中,对提升鉴定人鉴定水平和能力,提高摹仿签名笔迹鉴定结论的准确性与客观性提供一定的参考依据。

  2. Creep Property Characterization of Potential Brayton Cycle Impeller and Duct Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabb, Timothy P.; Gayda, john; Garg, Anita

    2007-01-01

    Cast superalloys have potential applications in space as impellers within closed-loop Brayton cycle nuclear power generation systems. Likewise wrought superalloys are good candidates for ducts and heat exchangers transporting the inert working gas in a Brayton-based power plant. Two cast superalloys, Mar-M247LC and IN792, and a NASA GRC powder metallurgy superalloy, LSHR, have been screened to compare their respective capabilities for impeller applications. Mar-M247LC has been selected for additional long term evaluations. Initial tests in helium indicate this inert environment may debit long term creep resistance of this alloy. Several wrought superalloys including Hastelloy(Registered TradeMark) X, Inconel(Registered TradeMark) 617, Inconel(Registered TradeMark) 740, Nimonic(Registered TradeMark) 263, Incoloy(Registered TradeMark) MA956, and Haynes 230 are also being screened to compare their capabilities for duct applications. Haynes 230 has been selected for additional long term evaluations. Initial tests in helium are just underway for this alloy. These proposed applications would require sufficient strength and creep resistance for long term service at temperatures up to 1200 K, with service times to 100,000 h or more. Therefore, long term microstructural stability is also being screened.

  3. Dwell Notch Low Cycle Fatigue Behavior of a Powder Metallurgy Nickel Disk Alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Telesman, J.; Gabb, T. P.; Yamada, Y.; Ghosn, L. J.; Jayaraman, N.

    2012-01-01

    A study was conducted to determine the processes which govern dwell notch low cycle fatigue (NLCF) behavior of a powder metallurgy (P/M) ME3 disk superalloy. The emphasis was placed on the environmentally driven mechanisms which may embrittle the highly stressed notch surface regions and reduce NLCF life. In conjunction with the environmentally driven notch surface degradation processes, the visco-plastic driven mechanisms which can significantly change the notch root stresses were also considered. Dwell notch low cycle fatigue testing was performed in air and vacuum on a ME3 P/M disk alloy specimens heat treated using either a fast or a slow cooling rate from the solutioning treatment. It was shown that dwells at the minimum stress typically produced a greater life debit than the dwells applied at the maximum stress, especially for the slow cooled heat treatment. Two different environmentally driven failure mechanisms were identified as the root cause of early crack initiation in the min dwell tests. Both of these failure mechanisms produced mostly a transgranular crack initiation failure mode and yet still resulted in low NLCF fatigue lives. The lack of stress relaxation during the min dwell tests produced higher notch root stresses which caused early crack initiation and premature failure when combined with the environmentally driven surface degradation mechanisms. The importance of environmental degradation mechanisms was further highlighted by vacuum dwell NLCF tests which resulted in considerably longer NLCF lives, especially for the min dwell tests.

  4. The Use of Solar Cell in Ground Water Irrigation to Support Agricultural Cultivation in Rainfed Field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delvi Yanti

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This research aims at developing the use of solar cell to water the ground water irrigation in order to support agricultural cultivation in rain-fed field. The location of this research was agricultural land (ricefield in Singkarak village, X Koto Singkarak sub-district, Solok district. This research was conducted with the design and technical test of ground water irrigation with solar cell, the analysis of irrigation water demand with crop-wat and the analysis of financial feasibility. The result of analysis showed that the potential of solar energy in Singkarak village could be used to activate the water pump of irrigation. The result of measurement showed that battery which its capacity was 12 V and 100 Ah needed four hours to be charged by five units of 50 Wp panel PV. Battery as the source of power was able to activate water pump of 125 Watt for 7,52 hours and mean debit that was able to be pumped is 17,45 litre/minute. From 24 periods of plantation time planned in rain-fed field, there were only three periods of plantation that the operational hours of their water pumps were able to be covered by the battery namely January 2, February 2, and November 2. Based on the result of financial analysis, these three periods of plantation were financially feasible in their implementation because the value of B/C ratio > 1 and NPV > 0.

  5. The Basic Challenge in EU Countries Promotion Strategy in Exporting Commercial Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavian-Liviu Olaru

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The global financial and economic crisis which started in 2007 had a considerable impact onthe international exchange of goods and services and on the intensity of global financial flows andbusiness activity. Starting with 2010, the EU-27 economy returned to its previous trend of progressivelymore integration with the international economy in terms of its level of credits and debits relative togross domestic product (GDP, having experienced a reversal in 2009. The average value of EU-27 tradeflows of goods corresponded to 11.6 % of GDP in 2010, up from 9.8 % the previous year. The level oftrade integration of services rose to 4.0 % of GDP in 2010, up from 3.9 % in 2008 and 3.8 % in 2009.The basic challenge in EU countries promotion strategy in exporting a commercial service is to convincea foreigner to try a service that does not exist yet. The foreigners have to believe that the service will beof good quality and will meet their needs. Usually the foreigner forms that belief based onrecommendations, referrals, or somehow seeing the service provider in action. There are also severalroles that trade promotion activities can play in building that belief or credibility. A national TPO needsto find or reinforce some special quality that its country has so that when potential customers hear abouta service supplier from this country, their first response is, “Oh yes, I’ve heard good things aboutservices from your country.”

  6. Embedded Based Conveyance Authentication and Notification System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Umamakeswari

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Amidst the rapid increase in population and urbanization, the use of automobiles is increasing rapidly. Though there are improved safety and security features with advancement in technology, there are no vehicle regulatory systems that provide automation in vehicle monitoring and act violations. The main objective of the work is to have a centralized server based monitoring of vehicles with an advanced security system realized in two levels of verification (password and RFID card i.e. driving license for engine ignition. In addition to this, the centralized server maintains two separate databases i.e. one for the vehicle and another for the person who rides it. A unique id is allotted for the vehicle and RFID card (smart card driving license can be used to identify the object. The unique identifiers linked to the respective person’s bank account debits the penalty/toll fare when the vehicle passes by toll gates/check posts. This provides a way for reducing any possibility of corruption in motor vehicles section as the penalty will be deducted straightforwardly from the person's account by an automated system.

  7. Perencanaan Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah di Rumah Susun Tanah Merah Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daneswari Mahayu Wisesa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Kegiatan rumah tangga pada Rumah Susun Tanah Merah menghasilkan air limbah domestik yang terdiri dari greywater dan blackwater. Greywater pada Rumah Susun Tanah Merah langsung dibuang ke drainase tanpa melalui proses pengolahan. Sedangkan blackwater diolah pada Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah (IPAL eksisting, namun efluen yang dihasilkan masih belum memenuhi baku mutu. Di sisi lain, warga Rumah Susun Tanah Merah mengalami kekurangan air untuk kegiatan sehari-hari. Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah dibutuhkan untuk mengolah air limbah domestik menjadi air olahan yang dapat dimanfaatkan kembali. Pada perencanaan ini dilakukan perhitungan air limbah domestik yang dihasilkan oleh penghuni Rumah Susun Tanah Merah. Selain itu dilakukan analisis karakteristik greywater dan blackwater. Debit dan karakteristik air limbah domestik tersebut menjadi acuan dalam perhitungan IPAL. Unit IPAL yang digunakan yaitu Grease Trap, Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (ABR dan Aerobic Biofilter. Grease Trap yang direncanakan memiliki efisiensi penyisihan minyak dan lemak mencapai 95%. Sedangkan Anerobic Baffle Reactor dan Aerobic Biofilter memiliki efisiensi penyisihan BOD, COD, TSS berturut turut adalah 99,5%, 98,8%, dan 99%. Air hasil olahan ditampung pada bak penampung dan dapat dimanfaatkan kembali oleh penghuni Rumah Susun Tanah Merah untuk menyiram tanaman dan sebagai air penggelontor.

  8. Geothermal hot water potential at Parangwedang, Parangtritis, Bantul, Yogyakarta as main support of Geotourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhascaryo KRT. Nur

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to determine the condition of Parangwedang as hot spring source in Parangtritis, Bantul, Yogyakarta and provide a guidance to develop Parangwedang as one of tourism destinations by controlling geological factor. The study is limited to examining the physical condition in the form of color, turbidity, odor, temperature and chemical condition (pH, compositions of calcium (Ca, sodium (Na, silica (SiO2, magnesium (Mg, bicarbonate (HCO3, sulfate (SO4 and chloride (Cl and water source debits of Parangwedang hot springs as part of geohydrology research. The methodology used in the paper is divided into three steps. Firstly, the methodology was based on orientation and survey location. Then, it examined mapping the hot water temperature distribution. Lastly, it was implementing laboratory analysis of rocks and water. As a result, the paper portrays that there are potential water of hot of spring which meets the standards as clean water and the heat capacity can be utilized to support as geological tourism at Parangwedang, Bantul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

  9. Waste disposal

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    We should like to remind you that you can have all commonplace, conventional waste (combustible, inert, wood, etc.) disposed of by the TS-FM Group. Requests for the removal of such waste should be made by contacting FM Support on tel. 77777 or by e-mail (Fm.Support@cern.ch). For requests to be acted upon, the following information must be communicated to FM Support: budget code to be debited for the provision and removal of the skip / container. type of skip required (1m3, 4 m3, 7 m3, 15 m3, 20 m3, 30 m3). nature of the waste to be disposed of (bulky objects, cardboard boxes, etc.). building concerned. details of requestor (name, phone number, department, group, etc.). We should also like to inform you that the TS-FM Group can arrange for waste to be removed from work-sites for firms under contract to CERN, provided that the prior authorisation of the CERN Staff Member in charge of the contract is obtained and the relevant disposal/handling charges are paid. You are reminded that the selective sorting o...

  10. Waste disposal

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    We should like to remind you that you can have all commonplace, conventional waste (combustible, inert, wood, etc.) disposed of by the TS-FM Group. Requests for the removal of such waste should be made by contacting FM Support on tel. 77777 or by e-mail (Fm.Support@cern.ch). For requests to be acted upon, the following information must be communicated to FM Support: budget code to be debited for the provision and removal of the skip / container; type of skip required (1m3, 4 m3, 7 m3, 15 m3, 20 m3, 30 m3); nature of the waste to be disposed of (bulky objects, cardboard boxes, etc.); building concerned; details of requestor (name, phone number, department, group, etc.). We should also like to inform you that the TS-FM Group can arrange for waste to be removed from work-sites for firms under contract to CERN, provided that the prior authorisation of the CERN Staff Member in charge of the contract is obtained and the relevant disposal/handling charges are paid. You are reminded that the selective sorting...

  11. Evaluation of ATM Functioning Using VHDL and FPGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manali Dhar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available It has been almost four decades that banks and other financial organizations have been gradually computerised, in order to improve service and efficiency and to reduce cost. The birth of Electronic Fund Transfer and Automated Teller Machines has given rise to 24-hour banking and a greater variety of services for the customer. This method uses a computer to transfer debits and credits, with the help of electronic pulses, which are carried through wires either to a magnetic disk or tape. ATM (Automated Teller Machine has become an important part in our daily lives. People use ATM for various purposes such as money withdrawal, checking balance, changing password etc. Since it mainly deals with people's money, it has to be a secure system on which we can rely. We have taken a step towards increasing this security and integrity by trying to implement the functioning of an ATM using VLSI-based programming, HDL(Hardware Description Language.The conventional coding languages such as C,C++ are replaced by VHDL(Very High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware Description Language so that the code cannot be easily hacked or changed. This article consists of an insight into the various functions that can be performed using an ATM, a brief description of the Coding and the obtained simulation results. It also consists of the implementation of the code using FPGA Kit (Spartan3; Model no.-XC 3S50.

  12. The treatment of land use, land use change and forestry in the post-2012 climate agreement: a perspective from non-Annex I Parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federici S

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Given the greater vulnerability of developing countries to climate change, their paramount interest is to establish effective mitigation policies including the land use and forestry sectors as part of the post-2012 Climate Agreement. In this context, an accounting system for land use, land use change and forestry acceptable to non-Annex I Parties can arise only if critical elements in current accounting rules are removed and a solution to data uncertainties is found. Indeed, current accounting rules oppose the fundamental principles outlined in the both Convention on climate change and in the Kyoto protocol. They require accounting of only a portion of land-use activities and exclude forest management, give special provisions to exclude some net emissions from accounting, do not require the use of a reference level in quantifying net emissions and risk remunerating business as usual mitigation actions. Encouragingly, the current negotiation text contains options which, if adopted, would define an accounting system capable of responding to developing countries’ expectations. These options include the establishment of a national reference level suited to country-specific circumstances and other measures to ensure that only truly additional mitigation actions are remunerated and that all anthropogenic net emissions on managed lands are included. Finally, the opportunity of applying the principle of conservativeness in the future accounting routine is discussed, as a straightforward and effective instrument to correct uncertain estimates and therefore to reduce the risks of assigning an incorrect amount of credits and debits in this complex sector.

  13. Taking Leave?

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Planning a holiday? Then if you're a member of the personnel, you'll need to use the Laboratory's new leave system that will be put in place on 1 October. Leave allocations don't change - you are entitled to just as much holiday as before - but instead of being credited annually, your leave will be credited on a monthly basis, and this information will be communicated on your salary slip. The reason for the change is that with the various new leave schemes such as Recruitment by Saved Leave (RSL) and the Progressive Retirement Programme (PRP), a streamlined procedure was required for dealing with all kinds of leave. In the new system, each member of the personnel will have leave accounts to which leave will be credited monthly from the payroll and debited each time an absence is registered in the CERN Electronic Document Handling system (EDH). Leave balances will appear on monthly pay slips, and full details of leave transactions and balances will be available through EDH at all times. As the leave will be c...

  14. INVITATION FROM THE UBS

    CERN Multimedia

    UBS SA

    2000-01-01

    Via its Web pages (http://www.ubs.com), the UBS offers you direct access to all its telebanking services, namely:information relating to accounts and custody accounts (balances, debits and credits);stock market information and placing of orders;domestic and foreign payment transactions.These supplementary and inexpensive banking services mean that you no longer have to go to the bank to obtain the information you require and are not therefore limited by bank opening times.The UBS will be holding two sessions on the CERN site to present this modern product on:25.4.2000 (in French),26.4.2000 (in English).The agenda will be as follows:12.00 to 12.40 p.m.Presentation of the product;12.40 to 13.10 p.m.Question-and-answer session;13.10 to 14.00 p.m.Buffet and discussions.To enable us to meet your requirements and to expedite matters, we invite you to register for one of these sessions by sending an e-mail or letter to:pierre.guyenon@ubs.com before 7.4.2000 indicating:your surname and first name, the account number(...

  15. Characterization of protein/ligand interactions by {sup 1}H/{sup 3}H exchange: application to the hAsf{sup 1}/ histone H{sup 3} complex; Caracterisation des interactions proteine / ligand par echange {sup 1}H/{sup 3}H: application au complexe entre la proteine hAsf{sup 1} et l'histone H{sup 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mousseau, G

    2007-05-15

    In the first chapter will be exposed the main current methods of identification to high debit of the interactions protein-protein. Then the methods allowing to characterize the surfaces of interaction or to determine the structures of the complexes will be listed by discussing the main advantages and the inconveniences. Our approach of characterization of the zones of interaction protein-protein is a method of 'foot-printing' 1, based on the identification and radicals' quantification formed on the residues of proteins accessible to the water. The second chapter will so discuss the development of this method of radical identification using the atom of tritium as radioactive label. Our approach will finally be validated in the third chapter by applying it to the characterization of amino acids involved in the interaction enter the human protein anti silencing factor 1 (hAsf11-156) and a fragment of the histone H{sup 3}. (N.C.)

  16. Analisis Sedimentasi di Pelabuhan Pendaratan Ikan (PPI Logending

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanidhya Nika Purnomo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Pelabuhan Pendaratan Ikan (PPI Logending merupakan pelabuhan ikan yang dibangun di muara Sungai Ijo. Karena terletak di muara sungai, PPI tersebut sangat rawan terhadap sedimentasi yang dipengaruhi debit aliran sungai dari bagian hulu dan pasang surut air laut dari bagian hilir. Analisis sedimentasi di PPI Logending didahului dengan pengambilan data primer seperti data kecepatan aliran, sampel sedimen, dan potongan melintang sungai, serta data sekunder berupa data pasang surut di perairan Cilacap yang diperoleh dari BMKG Cilacap. Dengan menggunakan data tersebut, selanjutnya dilakukan analisis sedimentasi menggunakan software HEC-RAS berdasarkan pada Persamaan Ackers – White, Meyer – Peter Müller, dan Wilcock. Hasil dari simulasi menunjukkan bahwa Persamaan Meyer – Peter Müller dan Wilcock memberikan kesesuaian yang lebih baik dengan kondisi di lapangan daripada Persamaan Ackers - White, dimana pada tampang 3 (hulu terjadi erosi, sedangkan pada tampang 2 (tengah dan tampang 1 (hilir mengalami deposisi. Adanya proses deposisi yang signifikan di mulut sungai mengindikasikan perlunya pengerukan untuk pemeliharaan (maintenance dredging secara periodik yang seharusnya mendapat perhatian dari pihak pengelola pelabuhan.

  17. Qualitative evidence of a primary intervention point for elite athlete doping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazanov, Jason; Huybers, Twan; Connor, James

    2011-03-01

    Anti-doping activities in sport have shifted from secondary prevention (intervening after athletes have used) to educational strategies focused on primary prevention through promoting abstinence. There is no empirical evidence to guide targeting of anti-doping education initiatives. In this paper, a heuristic to guide education initiatives was derived by re-analysing a series of interviews (n=20) with athletes, coaches, sports managers, physiotherapists and sports nutritionists. The findings indicate primary prevention of doping may be enhanced by timing it around periods of career instability where athlete vulnerability to doping may increase as a function of winning or losing sponsorship. Sponsorship is broadly defined as financial (e.g. salary stipend) and non-financial support (e.g. training facilities). This provides a basis for targeting education interventions to promote abstinence. Two options are offered to mitigate the need to time prevention activity around career instability by lessening the effect of sponsorship on athlete doping. The first is liberalising access to legitimate performance enhancing technologies (e.g. training techniques or nutritional supplements). The second is to delay access to financial sponsorship (beyond living expenses) until retirement, with monetary gains (e.g. prize money) deposited into an account where penalties are debited if the athlete is caught doping.

  18. Data Breach Preparation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belangia, David Warren [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-03-13

    The Home Depot Data Breach is the second largest data breach on record. It has or will affect up to 56 million debit or credit cards. A trusted vendor account, coupled with the use of a previously unknown variant of malware that allowed the establishment of a foothold, was the entry point into the Home Depot network. Once inside the perimeter, privilege escalation provided an avenue to obtain the desired information. Home Depot did, however, learn some lessons from Target. Home Depot certainly communicated better than Target, procured insurance, and instituted as secure an environment as possible. There are specific measures an institution should undertake to prepare for a data breach, and everyone can learn from this breach. Publicly available information about the Home Depot Data Breach provides insight into the attack, an old malware variant with a new twist.While the malware was modified as to be unrecognizable with tools, it probably should have been detected. There are also concerns with Home Depot’s insurance and the insurance provider’s apparent lack of fully reimbursing Home Depot for their losses. The effect on shareholders and Home Depot’s stock price was short lived. This story is still evolving but provides interesting lessons learned concerning how an organization should prepare for it inevitable breach.

  19. River pollution caused by natural stone industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oktriani, Ani; Darmajanti, Linda; Soesilo, Tri Edhi Budhi

    2017-03-01

    The natural stone industry is classified as small industry. Current wastewater treatment still causes pollution in the river. This thesis aims to analyze the performance of wastewater treatment in natural stones industry. The data was collected from water quality test (parameters: temperature, pH, DO, and TSS). The wastewater treatment performance was in a slightly higher position compared to the 2nd class quality standards of Government Regulation No. 82/2001. The parameter that exceeded quality standards was the concentration of TSS, which was up to 240.8 mg/l. The high concentration of TSS was affected by the absence of sludge management schedule, which resulted in non-optimal precipitation. Besides that, the design of sedimentation basin was still not adapted with wastewater debit. Referring to the results, this study suggests the government of Cirebon District to provide wastewater treatment development through the village staff. Furthermore, the government also needs to give strict punishment to business owner who does not treat waste correctly and does not have a business license. Moreover, the sale value of sludge as byproduct of wastewater treatment needs to be increased.

  20. INTRODUCTION OF A NEW LEAVE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    CERN Document Server

    DIVISION HR

    2000-01-01

    The introduction of new leave rules (arising from the RSL, PRP and other programs) has made the present leave management system rather complicated and difficult to manage. It has therefore been decided to replace it with a more flexible and adaptable system, which will come into force on 1st October 2000. Henceforth, days of leave will be credited monthly instead of annually. Members of the personnel will have round-the-clock direct access to more detailed, confidential information regarding their various kinds of leave. They will also receive a personal monthly statement with their pay slips. The new system does not require any amendment of the regulations, except with respect to the frequency of leave calculations (monthly instead of annual). I. Main characteristics of the new leave system1. The main feature of the new system is the creation of accounts to which leave will be credited or debited as appropriate. Depending on their circumstances, members of the personnel may have up to four individual leave a...

  1. INTRODUCTION OF A NEW LEAVE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Division

    2000-01-01

    The introduction of new leave rules (arising from the RSL, PRP and other programmes) has made the present leave management system rather complicated and difficult to manage. It has therefore been decided to replace it with a more flexible and adaptable system, which will come into force on 1st October 2000. Henceforth, days of leave will be credited monthly instead of annually. Members of the personnel will have round-the-clock direct access to more detailed, confidential information regarding their various kinds of leave.They will also receive a personal monthly statement with their pay slips. The new system does not require any amendment of the regulations, except with respect to the frequency of leave calculations (monthly instead of annual). I. Main characteristics of the new leave system 1. The main feature of the new system is the creation of accounts to which leave will be credited or debited as appropriate. Depending on their circumstances, members of the personnel may have up to four individual leave...

  2. Formal Security-Proved Mobile Anonymous Authentication Protocols with Credit-Based Chargeability and Controllable Privacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chun-I Fan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Smart mobile phones are widely popularized and advanced mobile communication services are provided increasingly often, such that ubiquitous computing environments will soon be a reality. However, there are many security threats to mobile networks and their impact on security is more serious than that in wireline networks owing to the features of wireless transmissions and the ubiquity property. The secret information which mobile users carry may be stolen by malicious entities. To guarantee the quality of advanced services, security and privacy would be important issues when users roam within various mobile networks. In this manuscript, an anonymous authentication scheme will be proposed to protect the security of the network system and the privacy of users. Not only does the proposed scheme provide mutual authentication between each user and the system, but also each user’s identity is kept secret against anyone else, including the system. Although the system anonymously authenticates the users, it can still generate correct bills to charge these anonymous users via a credit-based solution instead of debit-based ones. Furthermore, our protocols also achieve fair privacy which allows the judge to revoke the anonymity and trace the illegal users when they have misused the anonymity property, for example, if they have committed crimes. Finally, in this paper, we also carry out complete theoretical proofs on each claimed security property.

  3. Liberation of microbial substrates from macromolecular organic matter by non-supercritical CO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauer, P.; Glombitza, C.; Kallmeyer, J.

    2012-12-01

    The worldwide search for suitable underground storage formations for CO2 also considers coal-bearing strata. CO2 is already injected into coal seams for enhanced recovery of coal bed methane. However, the geochemical and microbiological effects of increased CO2 concentrations on organic matter rich formations are rarely investigated. The injected CO2 will dissolve in the pore water, causing a decrease in pH and resulting in acidic formation waters. Low molecular weight organic acids (LMWOAs) are chemically bound to the macromolecular matrix of sedimentary organic matter and may be liberated by hydrolysis, which is enhanced under acidic conditions. Recent investigations outlined the importance of LMWOAs as a feedstock for subsurface microbial life [1]. Therefore, injection of CO2 into coal formations may result in enhanced nutrient supply for subsurface microbes. To investigate the effects of highly CO2-saturated waters on the release of LMWOAs from coal, we developed an inexpensive high-pressure-high-temperature system that allows manipulating the concentration of dissolved gases up to 60 MPa and 120°C, respectively. The sample is placed in a flexible, gas-tight and inert PVDF sleeve, separating it from the pressure fluid and allowing for subsampling without loss of pressure. Lignite samples from the DEBITS-1 well, Waikato Basin, NZ and the Welzow-Süd open-cast mine, Niederlausitz, Germany, were extracted at 90° C and 5 MPa, with either pure water, CO2-saturated water, CO2/NO2 or CO2/SO2-saturated water. Subsamples were taken at different time points during the 72 hrs. long extraction. Extraction of LMWOAs from coal samples with our pressurised system resulted in yields that were up to four times higher than those reported for Soxhlet extraction [2]. These higher yields may be explained by the fact that during Soxhlet extraction the sample only gets into contact with freshly distilled water, whereas in our system the extraction fluid is circulated, resulting in

  4. ANALISIS KETERSEDIAAN AIR SUNGAI BAWAH TANAH DAN PEMANFAATAN BERKELANJUTAN DI KAWASAN KARST MAROS SULAWESI SELATAN (Analysis of Underground River Water Availability and Its Sustainable uses at Karst Maros Area in South Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Arsyad

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Kawasan Karst Maros mempunyai tata air yang kondusif, baik yang berada di bawah gua maupun yang muncul sebagai sungai permukaan, seperti DAS Bantimurung. DAS Bantimurung bahagian hulunya dipergunakan sebagai tempat pariwisata, air irigasi bagi pertanian dan air baku PDAM Kabupaten Maros. Untuk itu, perlu dilakukan valuasi ekonomi terhadap sumberdaya air tersebut, berupa nilai total ekonomi. Besarnya debit air yang terdapat di Kawasan Karst Maros selama 20 tahun (1990-2010 cenderung berada pada angka 7,00 m3/s, dengan debit air terendah terjadi bulan September, sekitar 1,00 m3/s dan tertinggi pada bulan Januari mencapai 20 m3/s. Perhitungan nilai guna langsung  (direct use value sebesar Rp.385.479.052.214, nilai guna tidak langsung (indirect use value sebesar Rp.13.251.588.000,  dan nilai bukan guna (non  use value sebesar Rp.20.016.148.000, sehingga nilai ekonomi total (Total Economic Value, TEV dari setiap tahunnya sebesar Rp.418.746.788.214. Untuk keberlanjutan pemanfaatan air sungai bawah tanah Kawasan Karst Maros diperoleh kebutuhan air seluruh irigasi pertanian di Kabupaten Maros adalah 5,32 m3/s dan PDAM sebesar 2.037.943 m3 setiap tahun.  Sedangkan air yang tersedia di Kawasan Karst Maros adalah 220,8 juta m3 setiap tahun, sehingga masih ada surplus air sebesar 15,10 juta m3 setiap tahun.   ABSTRACT The karst region of Maros has water system that is conducive both under the cave and emerge as the river surface, such as watershed Bantimurung. The upstream of DAS Bantimurung is used as a place of tourism , agriculture and irrigation for raw water in Maros PDAM. To that end, economic valuation needed to be done to water resource, in the form of total economic value. The amount of discharge water contained in Maros Karst area for 20 years (1990-2010 tended stands at 7,00 m3/s, with the lowest water discharge occurred in September, approximately 1,00 m3/s and the highest in January at 20 m3/s. Direct use value amounted to Rp 385

  5. Production of high-purity isotopes by electromagnetic separation; Production electromagnetique d'isotope tres purs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cassignol, Ch. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    Improvement in isotopic purity of nuclides prepared by electromagnetic separation is searched into the principle of cascades of monochromators. The principal drawback of which is to allow the separation of only one isotope at a time. The electromagnetic separator of Saclay is equipped with an electrostatic post-analyzer, which is described. Significant results are obtained, concerning isotopic enhancements of uranium-235 and mercury-204. A schema of isotopic contagion is then proposed, the basis of it is the scattering of the primary ions in the residual atmosphere of the separator chamber. The most frequent type of collisions being accompanied by neutralisation of the ions, the schema explains the efficiency of the second stage. As a matter of conclusion, some particularities concerning the routine work at a high enhancement, small output machine, are given. (author) [French] L'accroissement de la purete isotopique des especes nucleaires preparees par separation electromagnetique est recherche dans l'emploi du principe des cascades de monochromateurs, moyennant la servitude de ne collecter qu'un isotope a la fois. Le separateur electromagnetique de Saclay est equipe dans ce but d'un post-analyseur electrostatique, qui est decrit. Des resultats significatifs sont donnes, portant sur les enrichissements obtenus dans les separations d'uranium-235 et de mercure-204. Un schema de contagion isotopique est propose. Il est fonde sur la diffusion a petit angle accompagnant la neutralisation des faisceaux primaires par collision avec le gaz residuel. Ce schema permet d'expliquer l'efficacite de l'etage electrostatique. En matiere de conclusion, la methode d'exploitation d'une machine a faible debit et a haut enrichissement est donnee. (auteur)

  6. PENGARUH KONDISI SISTEM DRAINASE, PERSAMPAHAN DAN AIR LIMBAH TERHADAP KUALITAS LINGKUNGAN (Studi kasus Kelurahan Kuningan Kecamatan Semarang Utara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiharyanto Oktiawan

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Kelurahan Kuningan in the district of north Semarang meet with enviromental quality and people’shealthy degree decrease cause by poor drainage system, solid waste and waste water management.This case had been caused several disease that disturb people’s healthy. The purposes of this research was to know the existing condition of drainage system, solid waste and waste water in KelurahanKuningan, to know the influence of existing condition into enviromental quality and people’s healthy, to give an overcoming solution connected with PenyehatanLingkunganPemukiman program that points on people in this development area. Method used in this research is observation, questionaire and interview, BOD concentration measurement in drainage line and secondary data collection include institution aspect, operational, financial, law and also people’s role. Results of thisresearch show that BOD concentration in tertiary, secondary and primary drainage line is over from PP No.82 tahun 2001. Calculation results show the available pump is not enough to take the water debit from domestic rain that accumulated with domestic waste water, plus when the flood tide and flood from the higher area. The condition is getting worse by stucking trash in line that causing disease and become sediment. Waste water distribution system in this area is not appropriate with high density population and also public MCK as sanitation place is careless. That case caused the unclean enviromental and people have to expend extra money to take the medicine and to buy clean water. The recommended overcoming solutions are formating the pumping team and public MCK team management, increasing pumping capasity, maintenance budget, exploiting the sediment, 3R program, waste water distribution system with communal system and public MCK fixed up.

  7. NASA's Advanced Environmental Barrier Coatings Development for SiC/SiC Ceramic Matrix Composites: Understanding Calcium Magnesium Alumino-Silicate (CMAS) Degradations and Resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Dongming

    2014-01-01

    Environmental barrier coatings (EBCs) and SiCSiC ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) systems will play a crucial role in next generation turbine engines for hot-section component applications because of their ability to significantly increase engine operating temperatures with improved efficiency, reduce engine weight and cooling requirements. The development of prime-reliant environmental barrier coatings is essential to the viability and reliability of the envisioned CMC engine component applications, ensuring integrated EBC-CMC system durability and designs are achievable for successful applications of the game-changing component technologies and lifing methodologies.This paper will emphasize recent NASA environmental barrier coating developments for SiCSiC turbine airfoil components, utilizing advanced coating compositions, state-of-the-art processing methods, and combined mechanical and environment testing and durability evaluations. The coating-CMC degradations in the engine fatigue-creep and operating environments are particularly complex; one of the important coating development aspects is to better understand engine environmental interactions and coating life debits, and we have particularly addressed the effect of Calcium-Magnesium-Alumino-Silicate (CMAS) from road sand or volcano-ash deposits on the durability of the environmental barrier coating systems, and how the temperature capability, stability and cyclic life of the candidate rare earth oxide and silicate coating systems will be impacted in the presence of the CMAS at high temperatures and under simulated heat flux conditions. Advanced environmental barrier coating systems, including HfO2-Si with rare earth dopant based bond coat systems, will be discussed for the performance improvements to achieve better temperature capability and CMAS resistance for future engine operating conditions.

  8. The Farmers Perception on Effectiveness of Private Forest Revolving Fund Distribution and Factors Affecting its Repayment: Case in South Lampung District, Lampung Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanudin

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Commercial s are ed providing for forest plantation development bank not interest in fund community based . - Therefore, in this case, non bank institutions such Forest Development Funding Center (pusat pembiayaan pembangunan hutan, PPPH private forest are highly required. This paper is aimed to find out the effectiveness of revolving fund and factors affecting its repayment distribution . The research was conducted during September–December 2014 in Private Forest Farmer Groups in Katibung Sub-District South Lampung Dist 3 , , rict Lampung Province. The data was collected through household surveys and in-depth interviews. The household surveys were done using structured questionnaires that included questions related to: characteristics of the borrowers, characteristics of private forest, characteristics of loan, and household perceptions on private forest revolving fund Household perceptions on private forest revolving fund are loan . pre requirement, loan procedure, realization, interest rate, , and repayment procedure The effectiveness of private forest length of repayment periode . revolving fund d t and factors affecting repayment of loan was analyzed by istribution was analyzed by liker scale logistic regression. ult private forest revolving fund in The res showed that: 1 three private forest farmer groups in Katibung Sub-District, South Lampung effective District was 2 income from non-private forest and amount of loan , are factors affecting repayment of private forest revolving fund, 3 faced private forest revolving f the problem in und distribution PPPH private could be overcame by maximizing the role of field officers in assisting and facilitating forest revolving fund ors debit candidate.

  9. Radio-protection and decontamination operations on the central vibrating channels of the reactor G 3; Radioprotection et operations de decontamination sur le couloir vibrant central de la pile G.3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chassany, J.Ph.; Cohendy, G.; Rodier, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Centre de Production de Plutonium, Marcoule (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-07-01

    The dose rate in the vibrating channels room of the discharge system, which is due to the contamination of one of the channels by a ruptured can after clad failure was high. It was necessary to intervene in order that normal maintenance could be carried out on this equipment. The operation was carried out from a neighbouring room using cleaning tubes, and then directly, after numerous precautions had been taken. Radio-protection was made very difficult because of the irradiation and of the powdery state of the contamination. The average individual integrated dose for the 122 persons having taken part in this 2-month operation was 362 mrem. Thanks to the close collaboration between the operational, emergency and radio-protection personnel, this operation was executed smoothly and rapidly. (authors) [French] Le debit de dose dans la salle des couloirs vibrants du systeme de dechargement, provenant de la contamination de l'un d'entre eux par une cartouche a rupture de gaine etait important. Une intervention a ete necessaire pour permettre l'entretien normal de ce materiel. Elle s'est faite d'abord a partir d'une salle voisine, en utilisant des tuyaux de lavage, puis directement, moyennant de nombreuses precautions. La radioprotection a ete rendue tres difficile a cause de l'irradiation et de la forme particulierement pulverulente de la contamination. La dose individuelle moyenne integree par les 122 agents ayant participe a cette operation qui a dure 2 mois, a ete de 362 mrem. C'est grace a la collaboration etroite de l'exploitation, de l'intervention et de la radioprotection qu'elle a pu se derouler aussi rapidement dans de bonnes conditions. (auteurs)

  10. Generation After Next Propulsor Research: Robust Design for Embedded Engine Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arend, David J.; Tillman, Gregory; O'Brien, Walter F.

    2012-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, United Technologies Research Center and Virginia Polytechnic and State University have contracted to pursue multi-disciplinary research into boundary layer ingesting (BLI) propulsors for generation after next environmentally responsible subsonic fixed wing aircraft. This Robust Design for Embedded Engine Systems project first conducted a high-level vehicle system study based on a large commercial transport class hybrid wing body aircraft, which determined that a 3 to 5 percent reduction in fuel burn could be achieved over a 7,500 nanometer mission. Both pylon-mounted baseline and BLI propulsion systems were based on a low-pressure-ratio fan (1.35) in an ultra-high-bypass ratio engine (16), consistent with the next generation of advanced commercial turbofans. An optimized, coupled BLI inlet and fan system was subsequently designed to achieve performance targets identified in the system study. The resulting system possesses an inlet with total pressure losses less than 0.5%, and a fan stage with an efficiency debit of less than 1.5 percent relative to the pylon-mounted, clean-inflow baseline. The subject research project has identified tools and methodologies necessary for the design of next-generation, highly-airframe-integrated propulsion systems. These tools will be validated in future large-scale testing of the BLI inlet / fan system in NASA's 8 foot x 6 foot transonic wind tunnel. In addition, fan unsteady response to screen-generated total pressure distortion is being characterized experimentally in a JT15D engine test rig. These data will document engine sensitivities to distortion magnitude and spatial distribution, providing early insight into key physical processes that will control BLI propulsor design.

  11. Instream flow and water availability in the Rio das Pedras basin, Guarapuava-PR, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ederson Dias de Oliveira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge of instream flow is of paramount importance to determine water availability for water resources management. This study estimated instream flow and evaluated water availability in the stretch of the Rio das Pedras, which supplies water to Guarapuava, a town in the mid-southern region of the state of Paraná, Brazil. Several different methods were employed to obtain instream flow, a reference discharge for water consumption permit, and the river regime. Methods comprised 7-day mean minimum with a 10-year return period, discharges associated to 95% and 90% permanence, yearly 7-day mean minimum discharge and basic water discharge. Discharge data were obtained from the meteorological station at the Water Station of Guarapuava (ETA. Results show that yearly river debit between 1985 and 2009 had a daily mean of 9.12 m³ s-1 and a median discharge of 9.16 m³ s-1. Estimated instream flow, measured by methods used for the Rio das Pedras stretch, ranged from 1.72 to 2.74 m³ s-1, with an average of 2.20 m³ s-1 and a coefficient of variation of 19.5%. Discharge for the stretch was estimated as 0.91 m³ s-1, following criteria used in the state of Paraná. The relationship of the evaluated stretch between daily flow and the intake volume granted by the government revealed the inefficiency of the applied methods for instream flow assessment. In fact, they failed to warrant a minimum water volume required for the conservation of the river ecosystem.

  12. Injectabilite des coulis de ciment dans des milieux fissures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mnif, Thameur

    Le travail presente ici est un bilan du travaux de recherche effectues sur l'injectabilite des coulis de ciment dans lu milieux fissures. Un certain nombre de coulis a base de ciment Portland et microfin ont ete selectionnes afin de caracteriser leur capacite a penetrer des milieux fissures. Une partie des essais a ete menee en laboratoire. L'etude rheologique des differents melanges a permis de tester l'influence de l'ajout de superplastifiant et/ou de fumee de silice sur la distribution granulometrique des coulis et par consequent sur leur capacite a injecter des colonnes de sable simulant un milieu fissure donne. La classe granulometrique d'un coulis, sa stabilite et sa fluidite sont apparus comme les trois facteurs principaux pour la reussite d'une injection. Un facteur de finesse a ete defini au cours de cette etude: base sur la classe granulometrique du ciment et sa stabilite, il peut entrer dans la formulation theorique du debit d'injection avant application sur chantier. La deuxieme et derniere partie de l'etude presente les resultats de deux projets de recherche sur l'injection realises sur chantier. L'injection de dalles de beton fissurees a permis le suivi de l'evolution des pressions avec la distance au point d'injection. L'injection de murs de maconnerie a caractere historique a montre l'importance de la definition de criteres de performance des coulis a utiliser pour traiter un milieu donne et pour un objectif donne. Plusieurs melanges peuvent ainsi etre predefinis et mis a disposition sur le chantier. La complementarite des ciments traditionnels et des ciments microfins devient alors un atout important. Le choix d'utilisation de ces melanges est fonction du terrain rencontre. En conclusion, cette recherche etablit une methodologie pour la selection des coulis a base de ciment et des pressions d'injection en fonction de l'ouverture des fissures ou joints de construction.

  13. Increasing supplemental nutrition assistance program/electronic benefits transfer sales at farmers' markets with vendor-operated wireless point-of-sale terminals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buttenheim, Alison M; Havassy, Joshua; Fang, Michelle; Glyn, Jonathan; Karpyn, Allison E

    2012-05-01

    Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) (formerly Food Stamp Program) participants can use their benefits at many farmers' markets. However, most markets have only one market-operated wireless point-of-sale (POS) card swipe terminal for electronic benefits transfer (EBT) transactions. It is not known whether providing each farmer/vendor with individual wireless POS terminals and subsidizing EBT fees will increase SNAP/EBT purchases at farmers' markets. To evaluate the effects of multiple vendor-operated wireless POS terminals (vs a single market-operated terminal) on use of SNAP benefits at an urban farmers' market. Time-series analyses of SNAP/EBT sales. The Clark Park farmers' market in West Philadelphia, PA, which accounts for one quarter of all SNAP/EBT sales at farmers' markets in Pennsylvania. Vendors were provided with individual wireless POS terminals for 9 months (June 2008-February 2009.) The pilot program covered all equipment and wireless service costs and transaction fees associated with SNAP/EBT, credit, and debit sales. Monthly SNAP/EBT sales at the Clark Park farmers' market. SNAP/EBT sales data were collected for 48 months (January 2007-December 2010). Time-series regression analysis was used to estimate the effect of the intervention period (June 2008-February 2009) on SNAP/EBT sales, controlling for seasonal effects and total SNAP benefits issued in Philadelphia. The intervention was associated with a 38% increase in monthly SNAP/EBT sales. Effects were greatest during the busy fall market seasons. SNAP/EBT sales did not remain significantly higher after the intervention period. Providing individual wireless POS terminals to farmers' market vendors leads to increased sales. However, market vendors indicated that subsidies for equipment costs and fees would be needed to break even. Currently, SNAP provides some support for these services for supermarket and other SNAP retailers with landline access, but not for farmers' markets. Copyright

  14. WeChat Problems and Suggestions, the Advantages of Bank%微信银行优点、存在的问题及建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于晓阳

    2015-01-01

    WeChat bank is the extension of mobile phone banking, through a new banking WeChat mobile phone bank access mode of port, but also following the online banking, telephone banking, mobile phone banking after the new financial services business. In this paper, 20 domestic banking financial institutions for WeChat banking were investigated, have launched WeChat service, 90% banks launched the bank WeChat. At present, WeChat banking services range from a single credit card service has also been expanded to set debit card, credit card business for the whole customers comprehensive service platform. The bank found WeChat advantages, the existing problems and puts forward some corresponding suggestions in the survey.%微信银行是手机银行的延伸,是通过微信端口接入手机银行模式的一种新兴银行业务,也是继网上银行、电话银行、手机银行之后的新的金融业务服务方式。本文对国内20家银行业金融机构开办的微信银行业务情况进行了调查,均已推出微信服务,90%的银行开通了微信银行。目前微信银行的服务范围也已从单一信用卡服务拓展为集借记卡、信用卡业务为一体的全客群综合服务平台。在调查中发现微信银行优点、存在的问题并提出相应的建议。

  15. Incentives to participate in clinical trials: practical and ethical considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernstein, Steven L; Feldman, James

    2015-09-01

    Clinical trials often offer incentives to encourage individuals to enroll and to enhance follow-up. The scope and nature of incentives used in emergency department (ED)-based trials are unknown. The objective of this study is to characterize the quantity and quality of incentives and other forms of compensation used in clinical trials of human subjects recruited in US EDs. A secondary goal is to provide an historical and ethical analysis of the use of incentives in clinical trials. We reviewed English-language randomized clinical trials conducted in US EDs from 2009 to 2013. Full text of the studies was reviewed to identify whether incentives were used, their value, and timing. Funding source was noted as well. Data are presented with descriptive statistics. Of 1151 articles identified, 76 (6.6%) fit criteria for review. Of these, 7 (9.2%) provided incentive payments. A recently published eighth trial was included as well. The total cash value of incentives offered ranged from $10 to $195. Four studies offered payment at enrollment only. Incentives included cash, debit cards, and gift cards. The use of financial incentives in ED-based trials is uncommon. Studies that use incentives are generally extramurally funded, usually by a federal agency, and include waves of follow-up that continue after discharge from the ED. Payment size is modest. Incentives may improve recruitment and retention in ED-based trials, but authoritative data are lacking. Investigators need to take care to avoid incentives that may be coercive or unduly influence research participants. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Case Studies of Fatigue Life Improvement Using Low Plasticity Burnishing in Gas Turbine Engine Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prevey, Paul S.; Shepard, Michael; Ravindranath, Ravi A.; Gabb, Timothy

    2003-01-01

    Surface enhancement technologies such as shot peening, laser shock peening (LSP), and low plasticity burnishing (LPB) can provide substantial fatigue life improvement. However, to be effective, the compressive residual stresses that increase fatigue strength must be retained in service. For successful integration into turbine design, the process must be affordable and compatible with the manufacturing environment. LPB provides thermally stable compression of comparable magnitude and even greater depth than other methods, and can be performed in conventional machine shop environments on CNC machine tools. LPB provides a means to extend the fatigue lives of both new and legacy aircraft engines and ground-based turbines. Improving fatigue performance by introducing deep stable layers of compressive residual stress avoids the generally cost prohibitive alternative of modifying either material or design. The X-ray diffraction based background studies of thermal and mechanical stability of surface enhancement techniques are briefly reviewed, demonstrating the importance of minimizing cold work. The LPB process, tooling, and control systems are described. An overview of current research programs conducted for engine OEMs and the military to apply LPB to a variety of engine and aging aircraft components are presented. Fatigue performance and residual stress data developed to date for several case studies are presented including: * The effect of LPB on the fatigue performance of the nickel based super alloy IN718, showing fatigue benefit of thermal stability at engine temperatures. * An order of magnitude improvement in damage tolerance of LPB processed Ti-6-4 fan blade leading edges. * Elimination of the fretting fatigue debit for Ti-6-4 with prior LPB. * Corrosion fatigue mitigation with LPB in Carpenter 450 steel. *Damage tolerance improvement in 17-4PH steel. Where appropriate, the performance of LPB is compared to conventional shot peening after exposure to engine

  17. THE POLITICS OF THE NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA TO DEAL WITH CREDITING RISK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vechiu Camelia

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The market economy refers to the implicit presence of a banking system which could ensure the mobilization of all the monetary resources of the respective economy and their temporary orientation towards the development of efficient economic activities. A significant aspect of the bank performance refers to the measurement of risks with the aim to diminish them. If the bank management is poor and the risks are not taken into consideration, it will be possible that the earning capacity to be reduced and to lead even to the bankruptcy. Due to the fact that the banks are lending, they assume risks which are determined by the doubtful debtor (it appears the insolvency, or by the general economic evolution (which involves interest and exchange rate risks, or by the financial structure of the bank (financing long-term credits from short or sight deposits. The bank risk can be determined by external or internal factors of the bank due to the competitive environment. In the professional literature, the methodology used for the risk management involves several steps: the risk identification and analysis; the risk elimination and control; the risk assessment and assuming; the risk financing by debiting the general or specific reserves or by transfer which means the insurance of the bank company. For those banks operating in Romania, the risks are even more evident due to the hostile environment in which they operate, but also due to the specificity of the Romanian banking system which is still evolving and adapting to the competitive stringencies of the market economy. This paper is trying to follow the risk involvement towards the bank activity taking into account its importance and role in order to ensure the increase of the bank earning capacity.

  18. Application of Fibrin Glue Sealant After Hepatectomy Does Not Seem Justified

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueras, Juan; Llado, Laura; Miro, Mónica; Ramos, Emilio; Torras, Jaume; Fabregat, Juan; Serrano, Teresa

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the efficacy, amount of hemorrhage, biliary leakage, complications, and postoperative evolution after fibrin glue sealant application in patients undergoing liver resection. Summary Background Data: Fibrin sealants have become popular as a means of improving perioperative hemostasis and reducing biliary leakage after liver surgery. However, trials regarding its use in liver surgery remain limited and of poor methodologic quality. Patients and Methods: A total of 300 patients undergoing hepatic resection were randomly assigned to fibrin glue application or control groups. Characteristics and debit of drainage and postoperative complications were evaluated. The amount of blood loss, measurements of hematologic parameters liver test, and postoperative evolution (particularly involving biliary fistula and morbidity) was also recorded. Results: Postoperatively, no differences were observed in the amount of transfusion (0.15 ± 0.66 vs. 0.17 ± 0.63 PRCU; P = 0.7234) or in the patients that required transfusion (18% vs. 12%; P = 0.2), respectively, for the fibrin glue or control group. There were no differences in overall drainage volumes (1180 ± 2528 vs. 960 ± 1253 mL) or in days of postoperative drainage (7.9 ± 5 vs. 7.1 ± 4.7). Incidence of biliary fistula was similar in the fibrin glue and control groups, (10% vs. 11%). There were no differences regarding postoperative morbidity between groups (23% vs. 23%; P = 1). Conclusions: Application of fibrin sealant in the raw surface of the liver does not seem justified. Blood loss, transfusion, incidence of biliary fistula, and outcome are comparable to patients without fibrin glue. Therefore, discontinuation of routine use of fibrin sealant would result in significant cost saving. PMID:17414601

  19. PENGARUH HAMBATAN DOWNSTREAM TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK PEMISAHAN FASE KEROSENE-AIR PADA T-JUNCTION 90O

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Untung Surya Dharma

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Research on T-Junction as a separator of liquid-liquid flow is still of interest and developing. Some works evaluated certain geometries to obtain the best separation efficiency. The work to examine the separation behavior/characteristic of kerosene-water flow in a T-Junction at ratio of elbow radius to inlet diameter horizontal pipe (r/Dh = 0.69 carried out is completed. The orientation of side arm is vertically right upward whilst the ratio at diameter of the flex glass tube is set at 0.7 (horizontal tube and vertical tube at 36 mm and 26 mms respectively. To lead kerosene to the side arm, the downstream valve set at 75% and 50% respectively. Downstream pressure, pressures difference at inlet-run arm (∆P1-2 and inlet-side arm (∆P1-3 and debit of kerosene and water in side and run arm are the variable at the research. Based on visualization and measurement at maximum flow separation efficiency at 88%, is gained at downstream pressure 104326 Pa, watercut 46%, Jmix = 0,31 m/s (Jw = 0,14 m/s and Jk = 0,17 m/s. The best separation  result with Fk = 0,96 and Fw = 0,22 is gained at  downstream pressure 104287 Pa, watercut 70%, Jmix = 0,56 m/s (Jw = 0,39 m/s and Jk = 0,17 m/s  and flow pattern at Stratified Bubble Interface (ST-BI

  20. Aspects of negative numbers in the early 17th century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomaidis, Yannis

    1993-03-01

    This paper argues that the questions, posed by researchers in the field of didactics of mathematics, require new historical research which mainly concerns the problems related to the emergence and evolution of concepts. Motivated by recent historico-didactical studies on negative numbers, the author explores two different types of problems through which these numbers started being used systematically in mathematics. The first problem deals with the correspondence between the terms of an arithmetical and a geometrical progression, which constitutes the theoretical basis of logarithms; the second deals with the application of algebraic syntactical ruies in the theory of equations. In the specific context of these problems, concepts, such as ‘negative logarithm’ or ‘negative root’, were established in the early 17th century, long before the appearance of a general concept of ‘negative quantity’ in mathematical textbooks. The analysis of these problems reveals the conventional character of negative numbers and poses certain questions about the meaning of the various concrete models, traditionally employed in their teaching (via temperature, debits and credits, etc.). Recent, large-scale empirical research has shown a major percentage of failure in understanding negative numbers and their operations; this fact is related to the meanings attributed to negative numbers during their introduction at school. The matter of revising traditional teaching models is considered in connection with a constructive learning hypothesis; there is a need for new problem-situations, which entirely justify the meaning of the concept that must be used and constructed by the pupil and allow a fruitful interaction with it. The case of negative numbers provides an illuminating example of the role historical problems can play in the creation of situations like these.

  1. Problems of pricing fresh water obtained from a sea water desalination plant; Problemes de tarification de l'eau douce obtenue a partir d'une installation de dessalement d'eau de mer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaussens, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-07-01

    Integrating a double-purpose desalination and electricity generating plant into a water supply system alters the conditions in which the other water and electricity sources are used, as the peak and the base load water and electricity demands have to be met at the least cost. This paper attempts to show how the problem of determining optimal water supply structures can be approached, in definite cases, but against a global economic back-ground. It becomes necessary to define the competition between classical resources and desalination plants, as these plants introduce into optimum studies new factors due to the peculiar shape of their production functions. These new factors (fixed and proportional costs structures, flow availabilities) are studied in relation to the production functions in various management cases (private monopoly, public monopoly). (author) [French] L'intervention d'une installation egalement productrice d'energie electrique dans l'alimentation en eau d'une zone modifie les conditions d'utilisation des autres ressources en eau et en electricite, compte tenu de la necessite d'assurer les pointes et la base des diagrammes de demande d'eau et d'electricite au moindre cout. Cet expose se propose de montrer comment on peut approcher le probleme de la determination des structures optimales d'approvisionnement en eau pour des cas precis, mais dans un cadre economique global, II devient en effet necessaire de situer la competition: ressources classiques/installation de dessalement; ces dernieres introduisent, dans les etudes d'optimum, des elements nouveaux dus a la forme particuliere de leurs fonctions de production. On etudie ces elements nouveaux (structures des couts fixes et des couts proportionnels, disponibilite des debits) en liaison avec les fonctions de production dans divers cas de gestion (monopole prive, monopole public). (auteur)

  2. Pengaruh Penggunaan Frekuensi Listrik Terhadap Performa Generator HHO Dan Unjuk Kerja Engine Honda Kharisma 125CC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizky Akbar Pratama

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Energi yang dihasilkan oleh engine merupakan hasil dari proses pembakaran campuran bahan bakar dengan udara (oksigen. Secara praktis  pembakaran  menghasilkan gas yang sangat berbahaya bagi kesehatan. Salah satu perkembangan teknologi adalah dengan brown gas, atau sering disebut Generator HHO, dimana alat ini akan  menghasilkan gas HHO (2 unsur gas hydrogen dan 1 unsur gas oksigen dari proses elektrolisa air murni yang di hubungkan dengan arus listrik. Pengujian dilakukan secara eksperimental dengan menggunakan Generator HHO pada engine Honda Kharisma  berkapasitas 125cc. Generator HHO tersebut menggunakan Elektroda jenis pipa Stainless steel AISI 316L dengan ukuran Ø21mm x 101mm, Ø34mm x 101mm, Ø48mm x 101mm dan Ø61mm x 101mm dengan tebal 3mm, larutan elektrolit 2liter aquades dan 1,4 KOH. Variasi yang diberikan pada generator HHO adalah besar frekuensi listriknya. Untuk pengujian, perubahan kecepatan dilakukan dengan full open throttle menggunakan chasis water brake dynamometer. Pengujian dilakukan pada putaran engine dengan kelipatan 500 rpm, dimulai dari 3500 rpm sampai dengan 8500 rpm. Hasil yang didapatkan dari penelitian ini adalah frekuensi untuk generator dengan effisiensi thermal terbaik adalah pada 10Hz sebesar 20,06%. Dengan daya generator 118,74 Watt, debit 13,13 L/jam, kenaikan temperature 0.7°C/menit, torsi maksimal pada engine 27.09 Nm, daya efektif  6114,651 Watt, bmep 860,627 Pa, SFC 9.608E-08 kg/watt.s, effisiensi thermal engine 23,22% serta pengurangan emisi CO 1,17% dan HC 83ppm.

  3. [Target organ effects in untreated hypertension].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babici, D; M'Pio, I; Hadj-Aïssa, A; Ducher, M; Laville, M; Fauvel, J P

    2003-01-01

    The parallel investigation of the renal and cardiac complications of recent and never treated systemic hypertension has only rarely been undertaken. The aim of this study was to define the renal function of never treated hypertensive subjects, separated into white coat hypertensives (HTbb: n = 19, BP at consultation 153/97 mmHg) or permanent hypertensives (HT: n = 49, BP at consultation 169/104 mmHg) as a function of their 24 hour BP. Their renal functions were then compared with those of normotensive subjects (NT: n = 10). The 68 hypertensive subjects seen consecutively underwent renal function investigation (DFG: glomerular filtration rate, DPR: renal plasmatic debit, and muAlb: microalbuminuria over 24 hours), and myocardial echography (measurement of the left ventricular mass index, IMVG). The white coat hypertensives had a normal renal function, while the permanent hypertensives had a significant decrease in DPR and a significantly higher muAlb compared to the normotensives. Compared to the white coat hypertensives, the permanent hypertensives had a significantly lower DFG and DPR, as well as a higher muAlb and IMVG. In all the hypertensives (white coat and permanent) the 24 hour systolic BP was significantly correlated with muAlb (r = 0.51, p < 0.001), filtration fraction (r = 0.30, p < 0.05), and IMVG (r = 0.52, p < 0.001). The renal and myocardial parameters were not significantly correlated. In conclusion, there seems to be a continuum between the level of ambulatory BP and the effect on target organs without a parallel progression of the renal and myocardial effects. From a practical point of view, only ambulatory BP measurement allows differentiation of permanent hypertensives who have a very early renal and/or myocardial effect, while white coat hypertensives are spared.

  4. Disaster mitigation at drainage basin of Kuranji Padang City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utama, L.; Yamin, M.

    2017-06-01

    Floods is flooding of effect of exit water groove river because big river debit sudden its accomodation energy, happened swiftly knock over areas which is debasement, in river basin and hollow. Flow debris or which is recognized with galodo have knock over river of Kuranji year 2012 in Padang city. Area is floods disaster are: 19 Sub-District in 7 district, and hard that is district of Pauh and district of Nanggalo. Governmental claim tired loss of Rp 263,9 Billion while Government of Provinsi West Sumatera appraise loss estimated by Fourty Billion Rupiah (Padang Ekspress 28 July 2012), with detail of damage house counted 878 unit, damage religious service house 15 unit, damage irrigation 12 unit, damage bridge 6 unit, damage school 2 unit, damage health post 1 unit. Result of calculation, by using rainfall of year 2003 until year 2015 with method Gumbel, Hasper and Wedwen, got high rainfall plan is 310,00 mm, and method Melchior and Hasper floods is 1125,86 m³ / second. From result of study analyse at Citra map of correlation and image to parameters cause of floods, and use software Watershed Modelling System (WMS) this region have two class that is middle susceptance and low susceptance. Middle susceptance area is there are in middle river and downstream river, with inclination level off. Low susceptance area there is middle river. Area which have potency result the happening of floods is headwaters, because having keen ramp storey level ( 45 - 55%) and is hilly. For the mitigasi of floods disaster determined by three area evacuate that are: Sub-District Of Kelurahan Limau Manis District Of Pauh, Sub-District Of Surau Gadang District Of Nanggalo, and Sub-District Of Lambung Bukik District of Pauh, in the form of map.

  5. Perancangan Sistem Pengelolaan Limbah Cair Industri Tempe di Desa Bandungrejo –Kecamatan Mranggen – Kab. Demak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Joko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background : Problems  which often appear in small industrial environment especially from the central industry of tempe is lack of awareness of society in management of the environment It is associated with the limited fund to build waste water facility and also its operating expenses. The Central Industry of tempe in Bandungrejo District of Mranggen at this time. The amount of  is 26 home industries of tempe product are marketed to the region of Demak and its surroundings, amount to and also to region part of east town of Semarang. For the efficacy of product of tempe,  waste also generate problem especially related to contamination of ground water, decrease quality of wells, dig water  as the source of clean. Method : To overcome the mentioned hence, it requires a cheap waste water treatment system design, easy to operate and also with  economized  energy. Result : As conclusion of this research is that source of waste water of tempe industry comes from washing process, poaching of seed process, soaking and resolving of soy husk and seed process, debit/capacities waste water of tempe mean equal to 1,27 m3/day/industry, waste water characteristic of tempe Industry  has the character of organic with comparison of BOD/COD = 0,4 - 0,5, the proposed of IPAL design is by using batch system through anaerobic system with usage of PVC pipe media of wasp den at biofilter process. Suggested from results of this research are the importance of giving knowledge to society of central industry of tempe about tere impacts  to the  environment by activity making of tempe and also the importance of forming and stabilization of organization management of industrial waste water so that reaching of continuity of operation and maintenance of WWTP (Waste Water Treatment Plan.   Key words : anaerobic biofilter, industrial  waste water of tempe

  6. [Autoimmunity factor in chronic gastritis: incidence of antiparietal cell antibodies and their relation to antral histology and basal blood gastrins].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schraier, M; Katz, S; Pest, S; Chiocca, J C; Costa, J A

    1983-01-01

    In 118 patients with histological proven chronic gastritis, was performed a study of seric antibodies against parietal cells (ACCP), following the indirect inmuno-fluorescence method. The results were positives in 36 cases (30%). Four positives cases were found in 40 normal controls (10%), two of them were compensated diabetics, one have the thyrohyoid Hashimoto's disease, and the remainder, brother of a patient with chronic gastritis, was a positive ACCP. A major positiveness (44.4%) was obtained in 9 cases of gastric atrophy than in 65 cases with atrophic gastritis (32%) and in 44 cases of superficial gastritis (25%); although due to the few cases of gastric atrophy regarding other histological types, conclusions cannot be obtained about the incidence of ACCP and histological variety of chronic gastritis. If we do group the patients according to their acid secretory debit, 53 achlorhydric patients had a positiveness of ACCP of 45%, while over 63 with decreased secretory capability, only 18.4%, was positive. The distribution by age groups, shows a major incidence of ACCP about the 4th and 5th decade of life. Thirty seven patients with chronic atrophic gastritis and achlorhydria, and seven with chronic superficial gastritis and hypochlorhydria, besides the antibodies study were on a basal dosage of gastrinemia and antral endoscopic biopsy, finding out that, achlorhydric patients (15 on 19) with normal or slightly altered antrus, have gastrinemia (222 +/- 123 Pgo/oo) and the majority of patients with normal gastrinemia (32 +/- 16 pgo/oo) have more important antral lesions. The ratio between antral histology and ACCP in auto--immune gastritis (Type A), conciliates only partially with the observation by Strickland et al., as only 52.4% of achlorhydric patients and ACCP have a normal antrus or al least with mild lesions. Our results suggest the possibility of that on auto--immune gastritis could act other pathogenic factors of antral lesion.

  7. Can we reconcile differences in estimates of carbon fluxes from land-use change and forestry for the 1990s?

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    A. Ito

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The effect of Land Use Change and Forestry (LUCF on terrestrial carbon fluxes can be regarded as a carbon credit or debit under the UNFCCC, but scientific uncertainty in the estimates for LUCF remains large. Here, we assess the LUCF estimates by examining a variety of models of different types with different land cover change maps in the 1990s. Annual carbon pools and their changes are separated into different components for separate geographical regions, while annual land cover change areas and carbon fluxes are disaggregated into different LUCF activities and the biospheric response due to CO2 fertilization and climate change. We developed a consolidated estimate of the terrestrial carbon fluxes that combines book-keeping models with process-based biogeochemical models and inventory estimates and yields an estimate of the global terrestrial carbon flux that is within the uncertainty range developed in the IPCC 4th Assessment Report. We examined the USA and Brazil as case studies in order to assess the cause of differences from the UNFCCC reported carbon fluxes. Major differences in the litter and soil organic matter components are found for the USA. Differences in Brazil result from assumptions about the LUC for agricultural purposes. The effects of CO2 fertilization and climate change also vary significantly in Brazil. Our consolidated estimate shows that the small sink in Latin America is within the uncertainty range from inverse models, but that the sink in the USA is significantly smaller than the inverse models estimates. Because there are different sources of errors at the country level, there is no easy reconciliation of different estimates of carbon fluxes at the global level. Clearly, further work is required to develop data sets for historical land cover change areas and models of biogeochemical changes for an accurate representation of carbon uptake or emissions due to LUC.

  8. Is mudflow in Sidoarjo, East Java due to the pumping mechanism of hot air bubbles? : Laboratory simulations and field observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurhandoko, Bagus Endar B.

    2015-09-01

    Extraordinary mudflow has happened in Sidoarjo, East Java, Indonesia since 2006. This mud comes from the giant crater that is located close to the BJP - 01. Thousands of homes have been submerged due to mudflow. Till today this giant mud crater is still has great strength despite the mud flowing over 8 years. This is a very rare phenomenon in the world. This mud flow mechanism raises big questions, because it has been going on for years, naturally the mudflow will stop by itself because the pressure should be reduced. This research evaluates all aspects of integrated observations, laboratory tests and field observations since the beginning of this ongoing mudflow. Laboratory tests were done by providing hot air bubbles into the fluid inside the inverted funnel showed that the fluid can flow with a high altitude. It is due to the mechanism of buoyant force from air bubbles to the water where the contrast density of the water and the air is quite large. Quantity of air bubbles provides direct effect to the debit of fluid flow. Direct observation in the field, in 2006 and 2007, with TIMNAS and LPPM ITB showed the large number of air bubbles on the surface of the mud craters. Temperature observation on the surface of mud crater is around 98 degree C whereas at greater depth shows the temperature is increasingly rising. This strengthens the hypothesis or proves that the mud pumping mechanism comes from buoyant force of hot air bubbles. Inversion gravity images show that the deep subsurface of main crater is close to volcanic layers or root of Arjuna mountain. Based on the simulation laboratory and field observation data, it can be concluded that the geothermal factor plays a key role in the mudflow mechanism.

  9. Demonetization to Digitalization: A Step Toward Progress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harshita Bhatnagar

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Journey from demonetization to digitalization is very hard hitting but not impossible. Recent demonetization in India on November 8, 2016, created lot of panic in the economy but also paved the way to digitalization. Cash crunch and availability of e-sources of transactions compelled many people to use electronic modes of payment. Credit cards, debit cards/RuPay card, USSD/UPI, Internet banking, mobile wallets like Oxigen, Paytm, Mobiwik, aadhar-enabled payment system, POS, and so on are few popular modes of electronic transaction, which are commonly used by the citizen. Digitalization will embrace higher transparency in monetary terms; low-cost maintenance; more convenience in use; and help in financial inclusion and weeding out black money and counterfeit money from the economy. But journey to a destination is always full of roadblocks, and similarly the journey of India toward a digital India is also full of hurdles like a huge illiteracy rate; low bandwidth; more unbanked areas; late adoption of technology; lack of full-time electricity; security concerns like hacking, cybercrime, and safety of personal details; and need for high investments. So, to defend the dream of a digital India, we have to develop well-defined strategies to coach people in using technology like focusing on customer education as well as employee education in technology by conducting workshops, presentations, enforcing strict cyber laws, use of local language, and developing user-friendly websites that leverage technology using the development of simple and smart digital tools, such as the use of a one-time password (OTP. The government has started Vittiya Sakharata Abhiyaan (VISAKA and outreach campaigns like DigiDhan Abhiyan and so on to encourage people to adopt digital tools. Overall demonetization is greasing the wheels of digitalization and transforming India into Digital India.

  10. Effects of Suboptimal Bidding in Combinatorial Auctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Stefan; Shabalin, Pasha; Bichler, Martin

    Though the VCG auction assumes a central place in the mechanism design literature, there are a number of reasons for favoring iterative combinatorial auction designs. Several promising ascending auction formats have been developed throughout the past few years based on primal-dual and subgradient algorithms and linear programming theory. Prices are interpreted as a feasible dual solution and the provisional allocation is interpreted as a feasible primal solution. iBundle( 3) (Parkes and Ungar 2000), dVSV (de Vries et al. 2007) and the Ascending Proxy auction (Ausubel and Milgrom 2002) result in VCG payoffs when the coalitional value function satisfies the buyer submodularity condition and bidders bid straightforward, which is an expost Nash equilibrium in that case. iBEA and CreditDebit auctions (Mishra and Parkes 2007) do not even require the buyer submodularity condition and achieve the same properties for general valuations. In many situations, however, one cannot assume bidders to bid straightforward and it is not clear from the theory how these non-linear personalized price auctions (NLPPAs) perform in this case. Robustness of auctions with respect to different bidding behavior is therefore a critical issue for any application. We have conducted a large number of computational experiments to analyze the performance of NLPPA designs with respect to different bidding strategies and different valuation models. We compare the results of NLPPAs to those of the VCG auction and those of iterative combinatorial auctions with approximate linear prices, such as ALPS (Bichler et al. 2009) and the Combinatorial Clock auction (Porter et al. 2003).

  11. Electromagnetic circulation pump for corrosive gases; Pompe de circulation electromagnetique pour gaz corrosifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noe, P.; Delafosse, D.; Deletre, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-07-01

    In order to transport very corrosive products (fluorinated compounds) we have been led to develop a totally metallic circulation pump capable of operating at above room temperatures and with a molecular vacuum. We have aimed at maximum simplicity both in its conception and in its operation. The tests showed that the compression ratios produced, although not high are interesting (1.5 at a pressure of 100 torr) (see curve I). The flow-rate range is very wide: about one hundred ccs/atm/min. to 3000 ccs/atm/min. (see curves IV, V, VI). The desorption of this pump presents no difficulty if both the aspiration and the reject sides are pumped together. A hole of 2 mm diameter drilled in the piston makes it possible to desorb the space between the two segments. The price of this pump is not high: 1300 F, with the electrical cabinet. (authors) [French] En vue de vehiculer des produits tres corrosifs (composes fluores) nous avons ete amene a realiser une pompe de circulation entierement metallique, capable de fonctionner en temperature et sous vide moleculaire. Nous avons recherche la simplicite tant dans sa realisation que dans son fonctionnement. Les essais ont montre que les taux de compression fournis, sans etre eleves, sont interessants (1,5 a la pression de 100 torr) (voir courbe I). La gamme des debits est tres large: d'une centaine de cm{sup 3}/atm/mn a 3000 cm{sup 3}/atm/mn (voir courbes IV, V, VI). La desorption de cette pompe ne presente pas de difficulte en pompant a la fois cote aspiration et cote refoulement. Un percage de 2 mm de diametre dans le piston permet la desorption de l'espace entre les 2 segments. Le cout de cette pompe est peu eleve: 1300 F, coffret electrique compris. (auteurs)

  12. PENGOLAHAN AIR LIMBAH INDUSTRI TEH BOTOL DENGAN TEKNOLOGI BIOLOGIS ANAEROBIK UASB – WETLAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Misbachul Moenir

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Industri minuman ringan merupakan salah satu industri yang mengeluarkan air limbah dengan beban organik yang cukup tinggi. Sistem pengolahan air limbah yang berkategori low rate seperti sistem activated sludge yang sekarang diterapkan di industri kurang sesuai lagi untuk mengolah air limbah yang mengandung cemaran organik tinggi dan bersifat kompleks terlarut. Sistem Up-flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB adalah salah satu proses anaerobik dengan efisiensi tinggi yang dapat beroperasi pada beban organik tinggi. Proses pengolahan dengan wetland sebagai pengolahan lanjutan dapat menurunkan kadar cemaran organik lebih lanjut. Pada penelitian digunakan air limbah yang berasal dari salah satu industri teh botol di Jawa Tengah. Sumber mikroba anaerob yang digunakan sebagai seeding reaktor UASB (2 unit paralel berasal dari lumpur anaerob yang terbentuk pada pengolahan air limbah industri tahu yang telah berfungsi dengan baik. Waktu tinggal dalam reaktor UASB secara total selama 19 jam dengan debit 2.297 l/hari. Pengolahan lanjutan dari reaktor UASB dilakukan dengan pengolahan wetlandHasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa reaktor UASB I dan II dapat mereduksi COD dengan efisiensi tertinggi 88,51% dan pengolahan dengan wetland tertinggi 85,02%, selanjutnya pengolahan air limbah dengan kombinasi UASB dan wetland dapat mereduksi beban cemaran COD antara 97,65 – 98,90 %  dan hasil effluen sudah memenuhi baku mutu air limbah industri minuman dalam botol menurut Peraturan Daerah Provinsi Jawa Tengah Nomor 5 Tahun 2012,  yaitu COD = 35,44 mg/l, TSS = 16 mg/l, dan BOD5 = 13,44 mg/l.

  13. PEMANFAATAN DATA PENGINDERAAN JAUH DAN SIG UNTUK ANALISA BANJIR (STUDI KASUS : BANJIR PROVINSI DKI JAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Karisma Sang Ariyora

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Banjir merupakan salah satu fenomena alam yang sering terjadi di berbagai wilayah. Banjir dalam dua pengertian, yaitu : 1 meluapnya air sungai yang disebabkan oleh debit sungai yang melebihi daya tampung sungai pada keadaan curah hujan tinggi, 2 genangan pada daerah dataran rendah yang datar yang biasanya tidak tergenang. Banjir merupakan salah satu bencana yang sering terjadi di Indonesia, khususnya kota-kota besar seperti Jakarta.Daerah bahaya banjir dapat diidentifikasi secara cepat dengan menggunakan memanfaatkan data Penginderaan Jauh yaitu tumpang susun/overlay terhadap parameter-parameter banjir, seperti : curah hujan, bentuk penggunaan lahan (landuse, tekstur tanah, dan kemiringan lereng. Serta perpaduan visualisasi persebaran banjir dengan SIG (Sistem Informasi Geografi. Pembagian kelas dari setiap parameter yang digunakan secara umum disesuaikan dengan kelas parameter yang dimiliki oleh daerah yang diamati.Nilai bobot dan skor juga menyesuaikan dengan daerah penelitian yang diamati. Dalam penelitian ini, nilai bobot dan skor yang digunakan merupakan modifikasi dari nilai bobot dan skor. Dari hasil bobot dan skoring lalu menghitung Nilai potensi suatu daerah terhadap genangan ditentukan dari total penjumlahan skor masing-masing parameter genangan. Daerah yang sangat berpotensi terhadap genangan akan memiliki skor total dengan jumlah paling besar dan sebaliknya daerah yang tidak berpotensi terhadap genangan akan mempunyai total skor yang rendah. Tabel berikut menunjukkan tingkat potensi genangan berdasarkan nilai penjumlahan skor masing-masing parameter genangan.Hasil yang didapatkan penetapan kawasan bahaya banjir, ternyata daerah bahaya banjir yang dibuat Pemerintah Provinsi DKI 100% semuanya masuk dalam daerah sangat bahaya banjir berdasarkan hasil penelitian.Hal ini terjadi karena memang setiap musim penghujan daerah-daerah bahaya tersebut selalu mengalami banjir atau langganan banjir.

  14. Utilisation of payment instruments at a retail chain in Gauteng

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriaan M. Bester

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this research was to determine the influence of race and income on the preferred payment instrument at pay points in a retail store in Pretoria Gauteng.Problem investigated: The method of payment, as well as the way these payment methods have been utilised, has evolved throughout history. Cash has stayed at the top of the payment instrument deck as a payment choice for the past 10 decades. With the expansion of technology payment instruments evolved to facilitate exchange between merchant and consumer. The preferred method of payment at a retail store in Gauteng, indicating whether consumers prefer cash payments or the use of cards was investigated. Further to this the difference in payment method between the different races and income groups was identified.Methodology: A quantitative survey research method was used. The statistical analysis entailed correlations using the Cramer’s V to test the dependency between two variables and the degree of dependency of variables, after which the Chi-Square test was also applied.Value of the research: The indication of consumer preference of payment method will have implications on which possibilities are available at the point of sale. Cash is no longer the only possible payment instrument; cards, debit and credit, are as easily used by consumers. Both banks and merchants will find this information important, since they need to make provision for different payment options. The results further distinguished consumer behaviour amongst different race groups and income groups.Conclusion: The research confirmed the previous findings in other countries that consumers have preconceived ideas on which payment instrument they would utilise at point of sale(POS.

  15. CARDS MARKET – A RESISTANT MARKET TO CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tudose Geanina - Gabriela

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available At the same time with the development of market and consumer behavior of Romanians, the growth rate of cards market accelerated. Of course, infrastructure and acceptance network were very important, they are the factors that allowed the widespread use of cards. Currently, any natural person or legal entity is engaged in commercial relationships involving financial transactions, the electronic payments having an important role, representing virtually future transactions, both nationally and across borders. The financial institutions have made a more rapid segmentation of the portfolio of cards and began to focus increasingly on services and benefits situated behind the payment instruments. Meanwhile, cardholders were becoming more educated and sophisticated, knowing what to ask of cards. More, many financial institutions have adapted so that network to accept chip cards. On the Romanian market, the chip cards will increase which are much more effective in terms of security transactions, as well as for co-branded cards, that offers the possibility of the loyalty of the customers. They will try to get as many benefits from different types of cards, but at the same time, they will focus on niche products, business cards, cards for shopping or for payment of public services. The scientific paper aims to capture aspects that emphasize the fact that the permanent market monitoring and the continuous adaptation of it will become necessary for the next period. The current client is more demanding, more educated and less tolerant in the relation to the suppliers of any kind and especially with those of financial services. The tendency to use co-branded cards for everyday payments will increase as merchants and issuing banks will attach more and more benefits on these cards, which will ultimately increase trading volumes on the card to merchants. The bank clients benefited of the cutting - edge technologies, of dual cards functionality - debit and credit.

  16. Development of tuberculosis infection control guidelines in a pediatric HIV clinic in sub-Saharan Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlucci, J G; Jin, L; Sanders, J E; Mohapi, E Q; Mandalakas, A M

    2015-03-21

    Contexte : Une consultation pour le virus de l’immunodéficience humaine (VIH) pédiatrique bien établie au Lesotho avec des mesures de lutte initialement dirigées en priorité contre les maladies à transmission sanguine. En accord avec les recommandations internationales, les services se sont élargis pour inclure la prise en charge des patients tuberculeux. L’élaboration de directives complètes de lutte contre les infections (IC), avec un accent particulier sur la tuberculose (TB), est devenue une priorité.Objectif : Fournir un modèle d’élaboration et de mise en œuvre de directives d’IC dans des structures de soins ambulatoires aux ressources limitées mais dans un contexte de prévalence élevée du VIH et de la TB.Activités : Un plan d’IC, qui inclut une guidance couvrant à la fois les mesures d’IC en général et les directives spécifiques à la TB, a été élaboré en intégrant les recommandations locales et internationales et en mettant l’accent sur l’importance des mesures administratives, du contrôle de l’environnement et des précautions spécifiques aux différentes maladies. Un comité interdisciplinaire a été établi afin de superviser sa mise en œuvre, son suivi et son évaluation.Discussion : L’élaboration et la mise en œuvre de directives d’IC dans un contexte de ressources limitées sont faisables et devraient être une priorité dans des zones de prévalence élevée de la TB et du VIH. L’éducation devrait être la pierre angulaire de tels projets. De nombreuses interventions peuvent être mises en œuvre avec une expertise et des ressources matérielles minimales. Le soutien administratif et l’investissement des institutions sont essentiels à la pérennité d’un programme efficace d’IC.

  17. 武警某机动部队战士个性特征调查及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周玉来; 宋国林; 付文革; 柴晓萍; 李勇; 严凤

    2014-01-01

    目的:调查武警部队战士个性特征。方法采用艾森克人格问卷简式量表中国版(EPQ-RSC),对武警某机动部队419名战士进行测查。结果该武警机动部队战士个性特征以外向稳定为主,有71例情绪典型不稳定、32例典型倔强,极度内向19例,情绪极度不稳定23例。多血质171例,抑郁质115例,粘液质68例,胆汁质65例。结论该武警机动部队战士人格特征以外向稳定型为主,但内向不稳定型比例也较高,存在一定数量的极度内向和情绪极度不稳定的人员,对此应引起高度重视,进一步加强心理健康教育和心理疏导跟进工作。%Objective To investigate the soldiers’personality characteristics in the Chinese people's armed tactical unit. Methods The EPQ-RSC were used to investigate 419 soldiers’in a Chinese people's armed tactical unit. Results The personality characteristics of soldiers were extroversion-stabilities mainly. There were 71 people typical unstable emotion, 32 people typical stubborn, 19 people introverted extremely,23 people mood unstable extremely. There were 171 people sanguine temperament,115 people depressive temperament,68 people mucous temperament and 65 people choleric temperament in the unit. Conclusion The personality characteristics of soldiers were extroversion-stabilities mainly, but introverted-unstable proportion was higher also. There were a certain number of extreme introverted and mood extremely unstable people, it should be attached to this, to reinforce mental health education and psychological counseling follow-up work further.

  18. Study of abscopal radiation effects on multicellular organisms; Etudes sur les effets a distance dans les organismes multicellulaires irradies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ludwig, F. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    Amongst the lesions brought about by total body irradiation, two basically different types can be distinguished: those appearing in the area which has absorbed radiant energy and those emerging in areas remote from the irradiated tissues (abscopal effects). The abscopal effects are produced by toxic tissue breakdown products, which are removed by the bloodstream and interfere with particularly sensitive structures (radiotoxins). The radiotoxins mobilize other biologically active substances, interfering with the same tissues which may display abscopal effects. This is well established for the hormones of the adrenal cortex. Furthermore, important fractions of the radiotoxins are neutralized by the reticuloendothelial system. Temporary blockade of this system enhances the efficiency of radiotoxins and greatly increases mortality of the irradiated animals. One can therefore conclude that the reticuloendothelial system affords a natural defense against an essential reaction of total body irradiation: the effect of the radiotoxins. (author) [French] Les lesions consecutives a une irradiation peuvent etre classees en deux categories: celles qui se produisent au niveau du tissu irradie et celles qui apparaissent en dehors de celui-ci. Ces dernieres - appelees -'effets a distance'- sont dues a l'action de produits d'histolyse apparaissant au niveau du volume tissulaire ayant absorbe l'energie radiante, emportes par le courant sanguin et agissant sur des structures specialement receptives (Radiotoxines). Ces corps provoquait, dans des structures eloignees du siege de l'action locale du rayonnement, la secretion d'autres corps biologiquement actifs, capables d'agir sur les memes tissus pouvant presenter des effets a distance, compliquant ainsi leur mecanisme. Ceci est etabli pour les corticosteroides. De plus, des fractions importantes des radiotoxines sont neutralisees par le systeme reticuloendothelial. Puisque le blocage de ce

  19. Relationship between Psychological Stress and Temperament and Behavior Pattern of Paratroopers%空降兵心理应激与气质和行为类型的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周军; 袁继红; 魏良云

    2012-01-01

    Objective To deliberate the relation between dispositions, behaviors and psychological stress of paratroopers. Methods A self-designed psychological information questionnaire, sychological Stress for Groups Scale, Temperament and Behavior Pattern Scale were used to investigate 1038 paratroopers from an air force units. Results ① As for emotional and environmental factors, personal relationships, climate conditions, extracurricular activities and off-work rests show statistically predictable effects on mental stress. ②As for means of dispositions, different types of dispositions were significantly positively related with stress levels in the order of Melancholic, Bilious, Sanguine and Phlegmatic. ③ As for behavior, the mental stress score was positively related with individual behavior in the order of TH + CH,TH, CH. Conclusion Dispositions, behaviors, extracurricular activities and social relationship circles should be considered when performing psychological intervention on the paratroopers.%目的 探讨空降兵气质和行为类型与身心应激反应的关系.方法 采用心理问卷、应激调查表、气质和行为类型量表,对空降兵某部官兵1038人进行心理问卷调查.结果 ①人口与环境因素显示:人际关系、气候情况、业余爱好和休息情况对其心理应激具有统计学上的预测作用.②气质类型显示:不同气质类型与应激水平正相关,相关系数由大到小依次为抑郁质、胆汁质、多血质、黏液质.③行为类型显示:空降兵心理应激总分与行为类型具有显著的相关关系,相关系数由大到小依次为TH+ CH,TH、CH.结论 实施空降兵心理健康干预时,应充分考虑气质和行为类型及人际关系、业余爱好和文体活动等影响因素.

  20. Values of contrast galactography in nonlactating nipple discharge in Korean women

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Ki Keun; Park, Yong Hyun; Ji, Hoon; Park, Chang Yun [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1988-10-15

    Nipple discharge is a relatively frequent initial symptom of a pathologic lesion in the nonlactating breast which brings the patient to the physician for treatment. Eventhough only stressful significance of a sanguineous discharge, all type of nipple discharge will indicate that abnormal nipple discharge is a symptom of a pathologic change in the ductal and secretery susrem of the breast, and galactogram often offers information to etiology. Galactography using water soluble contrast media is a valuable procedure to evaluate women with nonlactational nipple discharge or bleeding which are usually due to benign diseases such as intraductal papilloma, papillomatosis, secretory disease or malignant lesions. Contrast galactography can often accomplish such localization and sometimes can suggest or confirm the nature of the pathologic process. Authors have experienced 5077 cases of mammograms, and among them, 195 cases with nipple discharge have been at Youndong Severance Hospital. Yonsei University since October 1, 1983 through June 10, 1988. The results were: 1. Incidence of non lactating nipple discharge was 3.9% among 5077 cases. 2. Most frequent histopathologic disease among surgically confirmed 100 cases was papilloma (35%), which was followed by papillomatosis (28%), fibrocystic disease (14%) and then breat carcinoma (13%). 3. Age distribution of patient of nonlactating nipple discharge showed no differences in comparing to the patients with the same histopathologic disease without nipple discharge. 4. Bloody nipple discharge is the commonest finding (61%) which was followed by serous (22%), milkish (8%), and then seroanguinous (5%) nipple discharge, in analyzing relationship between histopathologic diagnosis and nipple discharge, papilloma and papillomatosis had bloody nipple discharge (69%, 57%), frequently and serous nipple discharge (26%, 25%). Breat cancer had mostly bloody nipple discharge (85%), in contrast to the fibrocystic disease which showed 50

  1. O pai dos contos: "Lo cunto de li cunti. O trattenimiente de li peccerille (Pentamerone" de Giambattista Basile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Lombardi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Em seu prefácio à coletânea Fábulas italianas, Calvino toma os contos dos irmãos Grimm (1812 como modelo, mas critica seu caráter violento e “sanguinário”. Ele imita rigorosamente a coletânea dos autores alemães, selecionando o mesmo número de fábulas (200 e também decide traduzir todos os textos, escritos originalmente em dialeto, para a língua italiana, adaptando arbitrariamente enredos e nomes. Em relação a Giambattista Basile [BASILE: 1999 e 2000], autor de Lu cunto de li cunti (ou Pentamerone, uma coletânea de 50 contos, redigidos em napolitano em 1646, um autor celebrado, imitado e traduzido pelos irmãos Grimm, Calvino foi francamente omisso. Trata-se de um autor proto-expressionista, que apresenta em sua obra as versões mais antigas de muitos contos conhecidos (Cinderela, Branca de Neve, O Gato de botas, A bela adormecida entre outros foi traduzido para o italiano pelo filósofo Benedetto Croce somente em 1925. O assim-chamado Pentamerone (por associação ao Decameron de Boccaccio, teve uma surpreendente tradução para o alemão, publicada em 1846, graças ao estímulo dos irmãos Grimm, que veneravam o autor italiano como grande mestre do conto maravilhoso. O triângulo virtual que se forma entre Calvino, os irmãos Grimm e Basile, tem num de seus ângulos a denegação calviniana do autor napolitano e no outro, a obra maior deste autor, a qual reforça a importância, vivacidade e consistência dos dialetos na tradição literária italiana. Entre Calvino e Basile, os irmãos Grimm parecem representar uma mediação singular e típica entre a cultura alemã e a italiana.

  2. Fatores de risco para transmissão da Hanseníase Factores de riesgo para la transmisión de la Lepra Risk factors for Leprosy transmission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréia Soprani dos Santos

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Estudo caso controle que objetivou identificar fatores individuais de risco relacionados à transmissão da doença. O grupo caso, composto por 90 pacientes de hanseníase notificados no SINAN entre 2003 e 2006; o grupo controle, constituído por 270 indivíduos sadios, pareados por sexo e faixa etária. Houve associação significativa entre a ocorrência da doença e a presença atual (OR= 2,9 e antiga (OR=5,0 de hanseníase entre parentes co-sangüíneos. Sabendo-se que o exame único dos contatos, no ato do diagnóstico, detecta uma parcela mínima dos casos, propõe-se a realização de exames periódicos dos contatos de hansenianos a fim de detectar os novos casos.Estudio caso controle que objetivó identificar factores individuales del riesgo relacionados a transmisión de la enfermedad. El grupo caso, compuesto por 90 pacientes con lepra notificados en el SINAN entre 2003 y 2006; y el grupo controle, constituido por 270 individuos saludables, pareados por sexo y edad. Hubo asociación significativa entre la ocurrencia de la enfermedad y la presencia actual (OR= 2,9 y antigua (OR=5,0 de la lepra entre parientes co-sanguíneos. Sabiéndose que el examen único de los contactos en el acto del diagnóstico detecta una parcela mínima de los casos, se propone a la realización del examen periódico de los contactos de leprosos a fin de detectar los nuevos casos.This case-control study aimed to identify individual risk factors regarding the transmission of leprosy. The group case represented by 90 cases of leprosy sick people pontificated at SINAN during 2003 and 2006 and a group control constituted by 270 healthy people, paired by gender and age. There was significant statistical between occurrence of the disease and its current presence (OR: 2,9 and old cases (OR= 5,0 of leprosy among co-sanguine relatives. Knowing that the only exam of the contact in the act of the diagnostic detects a minimum part of the new cases, it is proposed to

  3. Prevalence and seasonal abundance of ticks on dogs and the role of Rhipicephalus sanguineus in transmitting Babesia species in Maidugiri, North-Eastern Nigeria

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    M. Konto

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: An investigation on ticks and haemoparasites of dogs that belonged to Maiduguri metropolis (Borno State was conducted. Materials and Methods: Survey of ticks and haemo-parasites on 400 stray dogs was conducted in Maiduguri from December 2009 to November 2011, using a stratified random sampling technique from different locations of the town. The town was divided into 10 districts out of which a total of 40 dogs were sampled at random from each district. Results: Four genera of ticks were identified on the infested dogs 384 (96.0, all of which belonged to the family Ixodidae (hard ticks. The genus Boophilus was predominant with a prevalence of 88.0%, Rhipicephalus 10.8%, Hyalomma 0.9% and Amblyomma 0.3% at (p ˂ 0.05. Dogs within the age-group of 6-12 months were the most infested, while those within the age-group of 24 –120 months were the least infested. Sex appeared to have a less significant influence (p > 0.05 on the prevalence of ticks among the dog population as females were more infested than the males. The perineum and the ear were the most commonly infested areas, with 328 (85.4% and 252 (65.4% respectively, while the scrotal and abdominal regions were the least infested areas 12 (3.1% each. The month of August showed the highest mean tick burden of 462.5±3.2 ranging from 450-475, while the month of February showed the least number of ticks with a mean of 244.5±3.8 ranging from 239-250. Dogs found to be infected with Babesia canis are all harboring ticks of the genus Rhipicephalus. Female dogs were more infected (66.7% with Babesia canis than their male counterparts (33.3% (p ˂ 0.05 and dogs within the age group of 1-6 months were more infected. Conclusion: Prevalence of ticks on dogs in this study area is relatively high and the occurrence of Babesia species is vector dependent, with ticks of the genus Rhipicephalus sanguineous being the most common vector in transmission of the parasite. Seasons also play a vital role in the

  4. Les garrots de prélèvement, un drame chez le nourrisson: à propos de 3 cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouangré, Edgar; Bazongo, Moussa; Ouédraogo, Isso; Zida, Maurice; Ouedraogo, Daouda; Sanou, Adama; Bonkoungou, Gilbert Patindé; Doamba, Rodrigue Namékinsba; Zongo, Nayi; Traore, Si Simon

    2016-01-01

    Le délai pour la levée d'un garrot sur un membre est limité, tout retard, surtout après la 3ème heure expose à un risque d'amputation de celui-ci. Notre objectif a été de rapporter trois cas de gangrène ischémique de membre par oubli d'un garrot après un prélèvement sanguin, afin d'interpeler le personnel soignant sur ses dangers. Il s'est agi de trois nourrissons dont deux de 3 mois et un de 5 mois, reçus aux urgences viscérales du CHU-Yalgado Ouédraogo pour tuméfaction du membre thoracique gauche. Dans leurs antécédents, on a noté une pose de garrot pour prélèvement de sang qui a été oublié pendant 24 heures dans deux cas et 48 heures dans un cas. L'examen avait retrouvé un œdème diffus associé à un sphacèle du membre supérieur remontant jusqu'au 1/3 moyen du bras; une abolition des pouls ulnaire et radial ainsi que de la sensibilité de la main dans 2 cas. Dans un cas les signes étaient atténués. Le diagnostic de gangrène ischémique de membre a été retenu dans tous les cas. La biologie réalisée était normale. En urgence, il a été réalisé une amputation trans-humérale dans 2 cas et un débridement associé à une amputation de quatre doigts dans un cas. L’évolution a été simple dans tous les cas. La gangrène sèche iatrogène de membre par garrot en milieu hospitalier ne devrait pas se concevoir. Cela passe par la rigueur dans l'administration des soins et une surveillance régulière et attentive des patients. PMID:27217892

  5. HIPERTENSÃO ARTERIAL NA DOENÇA RENAL CRÔNICA EM PEQUENOS ANIMAIS – REVISÃO DA LITERATURA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luiz Baptista Glvão

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available A doença renal crônica (DRC é caracterizada por lesões estruturais irreversíveis, que podem evoluir progressivamente para uremia e falência renal. Após a instalação inicial da lesão renal, ocorremmudanças estruturais e funcionais adaptativas dos néfrons remanescentes, na tentativa de manter a homeostase, principalmente quanto à regulação do volume e da composição do fluido corporal extracelular. A hipertensão sistêmica é uma das complicações cardiovasculares mais frequentemente reconhecidas da DRC em cães e gatos. Os órgãos mais afetados pela hipertensão são os que estão envolvidos na regulação do fluxo sanguíneo (coração e os que contêm extensas redes arteriolares ou capilares (olhos, cérebro, rins. Nos rins a hipertensão esta associada a presença de proteinúria e progressão de dano glomerular. Desse modo, apresentamos esta revisão de literatura com objetivo de descrever as alterações sistêmicas relacionadas com o envolvimento da doença renal crônica com a hipertensão arterial, como também sua patofisiologia, recursos em diagnóstico, condutas e opções terapêuticas a serem adotadas com o paciente.Chronic kidney disease (CKD is characterized by irreversible structural lesions can developprogressively for uremia and chronic renal failure (CRF. After first renal lesion, occur structural and functionalalterations in remaining nephrons, with objective to maintain homeostasis, mainly for the volume and thecomposition fluid extracell. Systemic hypertension is the most important cardiovascular complications in CKDin the dogs and cats. Organs more affected by hypertension are these involved in the regulation sanguine flow(heart and others that contain extensive arteriolares or capillary nets (eyes, brain, kidneys. In the kidneyshypertension is associated with proteinuria presence and progression glomerular damage. This way, the objectivethis literary revision was to describe systemic alterations related

  6. HIPERTENSÃO ARTERIAL NA DOENÇA RENAL CRÔNICA EM PEQUENOS ANIMAIS: REVISÃO DE LITERATURA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GALVÃO, André Luiz Baptista

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Chronic kidney disease (CKD is characterized by irreversible structural lesions can developprogressively for uremia and chronic renal failure (CRF. After first renal lesion, occur structural and functionalalterations in remaining nephrons, with objective to maintain homeostasis, mainly for the volume and thecomposition fluid extracell. Systemic hypertension is the most important cardiovascular complications in CKDin the dogs and cats. Organs more affected by hypertension are these involved in the regulation sanguine flow(heart and others that contain extensive arteriolares or capillary nets (eyes, brain, kidneys. In the kidneyshypertension is associated with proteinuria presence and progression glomerular damage. This way, the objectivethis literary revision was to describe systemic alterations related with the involvement chronic renal disease witharterial hypertension, as well as your pathophysiology, resources in diagnosis, conducts and therapeutic optionsfor be use in the patient.A doença renal crônica (DRC é caracterizada por lesões estruturais irreversíveis, que podemevoluir progressivamente para uremia e falência renal. Após a instalação inicial da lesão renal, ocorremmudanças estruturais e funcionais adaptativas dos néfrons remanescentes, na tentativa de manter a homeostase,principalmente quanto à regulação do volume e da composição do fluido corporal extracelular. A hipertensãosistêmica é uma das complicações cardiovasculares mais frequentemente reconhecidas da DRC em cães e gatos.Os órgãos mais afetados pela hipertensão são os que estão envolvidos na regulação do fluxo sanguíneo (coraçãoe os que contêm extensas redes arteriolares ou capilares (olhos, cérebro, rins. Nos rins a hipertensão estaassociada a presença de proteinúria e progressão de dano glomerular. Desse modo, apresentamos esta revisão deliteratura com objetivo de descrever as alterações sistêmicas relacionadas com o envolvimento da

  7. Liposuction

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    Dhami Lakshyajit

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Advent of the tumescent technique in 1987 has allowed for safe contouring in ambulatory single session liposuction under regional or general anaesthesia. Safety and aesthetic issues define MegaLiposuction to be in Volume in litres of more than 10% of Body weight in Kgs. 870 cases of liposuction were performed between September 2000 and August 2008. In (65% cases, the total volume of aspirate was greater then 5 liters. (Range: 5 to 25 liters. In 24% cases, the large volume liposuction was combined with a limited or a total block lipectomy. Regional anaesthesia with conscious sedation was preferred except where liposuction was for above the subcostal region (the Upper Trunk, Lateral Chest, Back, Gynaecomastia, Breast, Arms and Face or when the patient so desired. Tumescent infiltration with Lactated ringer, adrenalin, triamcinalone and hyalase was made in all cases. This approach has clinically shown less tissue edema in the post operative period than when the conventional physiological saline was being used in place of Ringer Lactate. The amount injected varied from 1,000 ml to 12,500 ml depending on the size, site and area. Local anesthetic was included only to the terminal portion of the tumescent mixture while infiltrating the sub-costal regions, or when above costal region was combined with below costal region being anaesthetized with Spinal Anaesthesia. The aspirate was restricted to the unstained white / yellow fat and the amount of fat aspirated did not have any bearing to the amount of solution infiltrated. There was no major complication. Blood transfusion was given only on one occasion when the patient had been on aspirin and had also received Low Molecular weight Heparin intra-operative. The hospital stay ranged from 8 to 24 hours for liposuction as well as for liposuction with a lipectomy. Serous discharge from access sites, sero-sanguinous fluid accumulation requiring drainage were necessitated in less than 10% cases. Minor re

  8. Diagnostic moléculaire du Cytomégalovirus (CMV), de l’herpès virus humain de type 6 (HHV6) et d’Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) par PCR en temps réel chez les femmes enceintes VIH séropositives et séronégatives à Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouedraogo, Alice Rogomenoma; Kabre, Madeleine; Bisseye, Cyrille; Zohoncon, Théodora Mahoukèdè; Asshi, Maleki; Soubeiga, Serge Théophile; Diarra, Birama; Traore, Lassina; Djigma, Florencia Wendkuuni; Ouermi, Djénéba; Pietra, Virginio; Barro, Nicolas; Simpore, Jacques

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Les herpès virus EBV, CMV et HHV-6 sont des virus qui évoluent sous le modèle pandémique et sont responsables d’infections congénitales pouvant provoquer des séquelles graves chez les nouveau-nés. L’objectif de cette étude était de déterminer les prévalences de CMV, EBV et HHV-6 chez les femmes enceintes VIH(+) et VIH(-) à Ouagadougou. Méthodes Dans cette étude 200 échantillons de plasma sanguin de femmes enceintes dont 100 femmes VIH(+) et 100 femmes VIH(-) ont été diagnostiqués par PCR multiplex en temps réel pour les trois infections (EBV, CMV et HHV-6). Résultats Sur l’ensemble des 200 échantillons analysés, 18 (9,0%) étaient positifs à au moins un des trois virus, 12 (6,0%) étaient positifs au EBV, 13 (6,5%) au CMV et 12 (6,0%) positifs au HHV-6. Parmi les 18 cas d’infections, nous avons trouvé 10 cas (55,6%) de coïnfections dont 90,0% (9/10) d’infection multiple EBV/CMV/HHV6 et 10,0% de coinfection EBV/HHV6. Le taux d’infection HHVs était plus élevé chez les femmes VIH(-) que celles VIH(+) (12,0% versus 6,0%). Parmi les VIH(+), la PCR a révélé 7,1% (soit 6/85) d’infection HHVs chez celles qui n’étaient pas sous ARV contre 0% chez celles sous ARV. Conclusion Les herpès virus sont fréquents chez les femmes enceintes au Burkina Faso et pourraient constituer une menace chez ces dernières à cause des complications et des risques d’infection pour le nouveau-né. PMID:27800078

  9. 胆脂瘤型中耳炎合并胆固醇肉芽肿的诊断和外科治疗%Diagnosis and surgical treatment on cholesteatoma otitis media coexisted with cholesterol granuloma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕萍; 冯勃

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of cholesteatoma otitis media accompanying cholesterol granuloma and their relations. Methods Clinical data about 12 patients (12 ears) with cholesteatoma otitis media accompanying cholesterol granuloma diagnosed by surgery and pathology were retrospectively analyzed, including their clinical manifestations, CT scan of temporal bone, operation and follow-up. Results Of the 12 patients with recurrent otorpyorrhea, 4 had jam-like secretion, 3 had sanguine secretion, 1 had bloody secretion, and 4 had purulent secretion. Hearing disability was manifested as mild-severe conductive hearing loss or mixed deafness. Mastoid CT scanning showed destruction of bone and bone resorption, which underwent mastoidectomy or modified radical mastoidectomy plus hearing reconstruction. The patients were followed up for 1-2 years, during which no recurrence was observed. Conclusion Jam-like or bloody otopyorrhea is one of the key characteristics of cholesteatoma otitis media accompanying cholesterol granuloma and surgery is the chief choice of its treatment. Hearing is reconstructed depending on the condition of patients.%目的 探讨胆脂瘤型中耳炎合并胆固醇肉芽肿的病因、临床表现、诊治方法及二者的关系.方法 回顾性分析12 例(12耳) 经手术和病理诊断为胆脂瘤型中耳炎合并胆固醇肉芽肿患者的临床表现、颞骨CT 扫描、手术及随访资料.结果 12 例均有反复耳流脓,其中果酱样分泌物4 耳,脓血性分泌物3 耳,血性分泌物1 耳,脓性分泌物4 耳.听力损失为轻到重度传导性或混合性耳聋,乳突CT 扫描均有骨质破坏吸收,分别采用乳突根治术或改良乳突根治+ 听力重建术治疗,术后随访1-2 年无复发.结论 果酱样或脓血性耳溢液是胆脂瘤型中耳炎合并胆固醇肉芽肿的主要临床特征之一,治疗以手术为主,根据病变情况行听力重建.

  10. Application d'un modèle de dynamique de population de truite commune (Salmo trutta sur un bassin de Basse-Normandie : premières simulations

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    GOURAUD V.

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available Afin d'évaluer l'impact des différents usages de l'eau sur l'écosystème aquatique, des outils de simulation de plus en plus nombreux voient actuellement le jour ; dans ce cadre, un modèle de dynamique de population de truite (Salmo trutta est en cours de développement. Pour enrichir les nombreuses observations déjà disponibles sur le bassin de l'Oir (Basse-Normandie, des inventaires assortis d'expérimentations spécifiques ont été effectués en 1996 pour conforter et compléter les différentes composantes du modèle, en particulier en ce qui concerne les fonctions biologiques impliquées. En particulier, l'étude de l'habitat permet de déterminer la capacité d'accueil du milieu et ainsi une composante densité-dépendante de la survie des jeunes truitelles ; le potentiel reproducteur est appréhendé à l'aide de prélèvements sanguins et du sacrifice de quelques femelles matures. D'éventuels échanges avec l'aval du bassin sont quantifiés à l'aide d'un système de piégeage. Les résultats de ces expérimentations permettent d'effectuer une première application sur l'ensemble du bassin et de comparer les simulations obtenues aux données issues des inventaires piscicoles. L'utilisation d'un pas de temps de calcul hebdomadaire semble plus appropriée qu'un pas de temps mensuel pour représenter l'effet de la température sur la population. Cependant, le modèle dans son état actuel ne permet pas de représenter de façon satisfaisante l'impact du fort accident climatique observé en été 91 ; il donne par contre une bonne image de la restauration de la population de géniteurs à partir de 1992.

  11. Reframing governance, security and conflict in the light of HIV/AIDS: a synthesis of findings from the AIDS, Security and Conflict Initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Waal, Alex

    2010-01-01

    This paper draws upon the findings of the AIDS, Security and Conflict Initiative (ASCI) to reach conclusions about the relationship between HIV/AIDS, security, conflict and governance, in the areas of HIV/AIDS and state fragility, the reciprocal interactions between armed conflicts (including post-conflict transitions) and HIV/AIDS, and the impact of HIV/AIDS on uniformed services and their operational effectiveness. Gender issues cut across all elements of the research agenda. ASCI commissioned 29 research projects across regions, disciplines and communities of practice. Over the last decade, approaches to HIV/AIDS as a security threat have altered dramatically, from the early anticipation that the epidemic posed a threat to the basic functioning of states and security institutions, to a more sanguine assessment that the impacts will be less severe than feared. ASCI finds that governance outcomes have been shaped as much by the perception of HIV/AIDS as a security threat, as the actual impacts of the epidemic. ASCI research found that the current indices of fragility at country level did not demonstrate any significant association with HIV, calling into question the models used for asserting such linkages. However at local government level, appreciable impacts can be seen. Evidence from ASCI and elsewhere indicates that conventional indicators of conflict, including the definition of when it ends, fail to capture the social traumas associated with violent disruption and their implications for HIV. Policy frameworks adopted for political and security reasons translate poorly into social and public health policies. Fears of much-elevated HIV rates among soldiers with disastrous impacts on armies as institutions, have been overstated. In mature epidemics, rates of infection among the military resemble those of the peer groups within the general population. Military HIV/AIDS control policies follow a different and parallel paradigm to national (civilian) policies, in

  12. A comparative, cross-over, double blind, randomized study for bioequivalence assessment between two formulations of valsartan capsules vs. tablets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena Pérez

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Bioequivalence or compared equivalence studies are used to demonstrate claims that the new product, named generic product, will have the same bioavailability as the reference product, named brand product. If two products are bioequivalent it means that they would expect to have the same efficacy and security. Bioequivalence is established by the statistical estimation of significant differences or not in the pharmacokinetics parameters of area under the curve (AUC and maximum concentration (Cmax. In this case, bioequivalence will be evaluated and the bioavailability of Valsartan will be compared. Valsartan is an agent antihypertensive and specific angiotensin II antagonist acting on the AT1 receptor subtype. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the bioequivalence of two pharmaceutical products whose active principle is Valsartan, based on the comparison of the pharmacokinetic measures of rate and extent (in terms of required time in which valsartan reaches the sanguineous circulation after a oral dose to 15 volunteers. Metodology: This was a randomized crossover double blind single-dose study on 15 male healthy volunteers aged between 19 and 28 years. The study was performed in two periods. Each treatment period consisted of a single-dose of 320 mg valsartan, with a wash-out time of 8 days between the first and second period. Plasma concentrations of valsartan were evaluated by HPLC/UV with method of addition of valsartan standard and losartan as internal standard. Results: Valsartan tablets formulation showed this pharmacokinetic parameters: AUC 44,893 µg/mlxh, Cmax 6,430.3 µg/ml and Tmax 2 h. Valsartan capsules formulation showed this pharmacokinetic parameters: AUC 44,963 µg/mlxh, Cmax 5,831.4 µg/ml and Tmax 2.5 h. Conclusion: The study showed no statistically significant differences in the plasma concentration levels after administration of the two formulations of valsartan: 80 mg tablets and 80 mg capsules. So

  13. A comparative, cross-over, double blind, randomized study for bioequivalence assessment between two formulations of valsartan capsules vs. tablets.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena Pérez

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Bioequivalence or compared equivalence studies are used to demonstrate claims that the new product, named generic product, will have the same bioavailability as the reference product, named brand product. If two products are bioequivalent it means that they would expect to have the same efficacy and security. Bioequivalence is established by the statistical estimation of significant differences or not in the pharmacokinetics parameters of area under the curve (AUC and maximum concentration (Cmax. In this case, bioequivalence will be evaluated and the bioavailability of valsartan will be compared. Valsartan is an agent antihypertensive and specific angiotensin II antagonist acting on the AT1 receptor subtype. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the bioequivalence of two pharmaceutical products whose active principle is Valsartan, based on the comparison of the pharmacokinetic measures of rate and extent (in terms of required time in which valsartan reaches the sanguineous circulation after a oral dose to 15 volunteers. Metodology: This was a randomized crossover double blind single-dose study on 15 male healthy volunteers aged between 19 and 28 years. The study was performed in two periods. Each treatment period consisted of a single-dose of 320 mg valsartan, with a wash-out time of 8 days between the first and second period. Plasma concentrations of valsartan were evaluated by HPLC/UV with method of addition of valsartan standard and losartan as internal standard. Results: Valsartan tablets formulation showed this pharmacokinetic parameters: AUC 44,893 µg/mlxh, Cmax 6,430.3 µg/ml and Tmax 2 h. Valsartan capsules formulation showed this pharmacokinetic parameters: AUC 44,963 µg/mlxh, Cmax 5,831.4 µg/ml and Tmax 2.5 h. Conclusion: The study showed no statistically significant differences in the plasma concentration levels after administration of the two formulations of valsartan: 80 mg tablets and 80 mg capsules. So

  14. Personalidad, inteligencia emocional y estilos de afrontamiento en los conciliadores de la ciudad de Arequipa

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    Walter Lizandro Arias Gallegos

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El presente estudio analiza las características psicológicas de un grupo de 26 conciliadores de la ciudad de Arequipa. Para ello se ha evaluado la personalidad con el Inventario de Personalidad de Eysenck, los estilos de afrontamiento con el Cuestionario de Modos de Afrontamiento de Lazarus y Folkman, la inteligencia emocional con el Cuestionario de Inteligencia Emocional y para valorar algunas manifestaciones clínicas de la personalidad se utilizó el MINI-MULT. Los resultados indican que los conciliadores de Arequipa tienen un tipo de personalidad sanguíneo de manera predominante, inteligencia emocional es superior, y usan la Confrontación, la Aceptación de la responsabilidad y el Distanciamiento como estilos de afrontamiento preferentes. No se hallaron manifestaciones clínicas significativas. Se encontraron también diversas relaciones entre las variables, como entre Neuroticismo y algunos estilos de afrontamiento, entre Extroversión e Inteligencia Emocional, Inteligencia Emocional y Autocontrol, entre Autocontrol y Aceptación de la propia responsabilidad, entre Distanciamiento y Evitación, entre la Planificación y la Revaluación positiva. ABSTRACT: The present survey analyses the psychological characters of 26 conciliators of an Arequipa city´s group. For this, the personality has been evaluated by the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, the coping types with the Coping Types Questionnaire by Lazarus and Folkman, the emotional intelligence with the Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire and to value some clinics manifestations of personality we used the MINI-MULT. The results refers that the Arequipa conciliators have sanguine personality in predominant wise, emotional intelligence is higher, and they use the coping, the acceptation of responsibility and the distancing as preferential brave types. We didn’t found significant clinics manifestations. We also found differents relationships between the variables, like

  15. Le paludisme congénital maladie à Plasmodium falciparum: aspects épidémiologiques, cliniques, biologiques, thérapeutiques et pronostiques à Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagalo, Kisito; Dao, Fousséni; Minodier, Philippe; Sawadogo, Oumarou; Sanon, Harouna; Tall, François Housséini; Yé, Diarra

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Le paludisme reste un problème majeur de santé publique en Afrique subsaharienne. Le but de l’étude était d’étudier le paludisme congénital maladie et les objectifs étaient de déterminer la prévalence du paludisme congénital maladie, de décrire sa présentation clinique et biologique, et de calculer son taux de mortalité. Méthodes Une étude rétrospective cas-témoins sur une période de 10 années (de Juin 1999 à Mai 2009) était menée dans l'Unité de Néonatologie de la Clinique El Fateh-Suka. Etaient inclus tous les nouveau-nés âgés de moins de sept jours hospitalisés qui avaient une recherche documentée du Plasmodium par la goutte épaisse et le frottis sanguin. Résultats La fréquence du paludisme congénital maladie était 170/697 (24,4%). Parmi les facteurs maternels, un nombre de grossesses ≥ 2 était associé au paludisme congénital maladie (OR = 1,93; IC95% [1,03-3,63]; p = 0,04). Aucun facteur propre au nouveau-né n’était associé à la maladie. La fréquence de la fièvre était 48,3%, les autres signes cliniques évoquaient une infection néonatale. Plasmodium falciparum était la seule espèce parasitaire en cause. Les décès survenaient dans 55% des cas dans les 24 heures suivant l'admission et le taux de létalité était de 20/170 (11,8%). Conclusion La prévalence du paludisme congénital maladie est élevée dans notre Unité et les facteurs de risque de la maladie sont difficiles à cerner. Parce que les symptômes ne sont pas spécifiques, la recherche de Plasmodium doit être systématique chez tout nouveau-né malade en zone d'endémie palustre. PMID:25368736

  16. 衡阳市推广应用金融IC卡的对策建议%Countermeasures of Application of Financial IC Card in Hengyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春; 陈伟群

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, financial IC card market has developed greatly, and the best developed countries are mainly concentrated in Europe. With the bank card fraud growing, the region such as Japan, Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore and other countries also launched financial IC market. Because of Chin's credit card just accounting for a small proportion of bank card, debit card transaction password protection and currency in circulation is not yet fully open to the outside world, fraud risk is relatively small. The bank magnetic stripe card is widely used at present, while financial card market in our country is at the initial stage of development. In this paper, countermeasures and suggestions will be put forward on the basis of the background information of Chinese financial IC card market with Hengyang city as an example to discuss financial IC promotion condition.%近年来,金融IC卡市场已经有了较大的发展,走在前面的国家主要集中在欧洲,随着银行卡欺诈现象的日益严重,亚太地区如日本、台湾、马来西亚、新加坡等国家也陆续启动金融IC卡市场。我国由于信用卡占银行卡的比重小、借记卡交易口令保护、货币流通尚未完全对外开放,欺诈风险相对较小,目前广泛采用的是银行磁条卡,而金融IC卡市场在我国处于发展的起步阶段。文章以我国金融IC卡市场为背景,以衡阳市为例探讨金融IC卡的推广条件,并有针对性地提出对策和建议。

  17. O combate subtrativo: a espiritualidade do esvaziamento como norte da filosofia corporal no Karate-Do The subtractive fight: the spirituality of the empty hands method as the north of the body philosophy in Karate-Do

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano Roque Antunes Barreira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O karate é uma técnica de combate sem armas que, sustentada por uma antiga tradição, tem como seu principal objetivo a formação do caráter do praticante. A compreensão da visão de mundo na qual o karate nasceu e se desenvolveu é debitária de uma dinâmica espiritual e psicológica singular cujo conhecimento é imprescindível para apreendê-la. O objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar o karate por meio de sua espiritualidade, já que, junto aos textos fundamentais de sua tradição recente, ela é tida como a essência presente em todas as dimensões da expressão da arte. Para tanto, vale-se de uma metodologia historiográfica de perspectiva fenomenológica. Karate-do veicula a espiritualidade do esvaziamento como norte de sua filosofia corporal. Temas com linhas fronteiriças tênues entre si são analisados pela perspectiva de tal espiritualidade. A abrangência desta dinâmica corresponde a um combate subtrativo visando uma apreensão fluida e intutitiva da realidade.Karate is a fight practice that does not make use of weapons. It is based on old traditions and its main aim is to develop a sense of personality in the practitioner. Karate originated from unique spiritual and psychological dynamics, which are of utmost importance for the full understanding of this practice. The objective of this research is to analyze karate-do by means of its spirituality. This is because, together with the fundamental texts about the recent tradition of this fight, spirituality is considered to be the essence present in all dimensions of the artistic expression of karate. To this end, the historiographical methodology of phenomenological perspective was employed in this study. Karate-do has the spirituality of the empty hands method as the north of its body philosophy. Themes with blurred borders are analyzed from this spiritual point of view herein. This dynamics includes the subtractive fight, aiming at the fluid and intuitive understanding of

  18. Gasto y financiación de las casas reales de Felipe III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Javier de CARLOS MORALES

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La situación económica de las Casas reales en tiempos de Felipe III reflejó una de las características básicas de la Real Hacienda castellana: la acumulación de atrasos y débitos daba lugar a un pasivo que tenía que ser trasladado de ejercicio en ejercicio. Esta dinámica no sólo era consecuencia de unos gastos corrientes crecientes, sino sobre todo de la ausencia de una fuente de sostenimiento fija a disposición del maestro de la cámara, cuya dependencia de la Tesorería general era causa del «déficit flotante» que debía manejar de año en año. Ante esta situación, en el reinado de Felipe III no dejaron de realizarse intentos para ajustar los ingresos y gastos y para dotar a las Casas reales de unos medios estables de sostenimiento, como la asignación de los millones. Pero las vicisitudes padecidas por la Real Hacienda impidieron la superación de la crónica falta de liquidez del erario, y determinaron que el recurso al crédito fuera una forma ineludible de financiación de las Casas reales.ABSTRACT: The economic situation of the Royal Houses in the times of Felipe the Third reflect one of the basic characteristics of the castilian Royal Treasury: the accumulation of arrears and debits caused liabilities that had to be transferred from financial year to financial year. These happenings were not only the consequence of growing ordinary expenses, but also the absence of a source of fixed maintenance at the chambermaster disposition, whose dependence of the general Treasury was the reason for a «floating déficit» he had to manage year after year. Confronted with this situation, during Felipe the Third's reign, there were any number of attempts to try to adjust the income and the expenses, and to provide the Royal Houses of stable means of maintenance, such as asigning the millions possessed. But the ups and downs suffered by the Royal Treasury didn't allow the overcoming of the chronic lack of settlement in the

  19. Convulsiones secundarias a hipomagnesemia severa en paciente con intestino corto Seizures secondary to hypomagnesemia in patients with short bowel syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª G. Guijarro de Armas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El Magnesio (Mg es el cuarto catión más abundante en el organismo y juega un papel fundamental en numerosas funciones celulares, como la glucólisis o el metabolismo energético¹. Su déficit puede originar alteraciones gastrointestinales, cardiovasculares y neurológicas. Dentro de estas últimas, la sintomatología puede oscilar desde debilidad muscular y parestesias, hasta letargo, hiperreflexia, ataxia, tetania, convulsiones y coma². Presentamos el caso de un varón de 65 años con intestino corto secundario a una amplia resección intestinal por neoplasia de sigma y peritonitis fecaloidea posterior, con ileostomía terminal, que presentó varios episodios de crisis convulsivas tónico-clónicas secundarias a déficit severo de magnesio, como consecuencia de una disminución en la absorción intestinal por pérdidas por una ileostomía de alto débito. Tras instaurar tratamiento con magnesio intravenoso (iv se consiguieron normalizar sus niveles plasmáticos. Posteriormente se instauraron recomendaciones dietéticas y tratamiento farmacológico, así como Magnesio oral a dosis altas y Calcitriol para incrementar su absorción, pudiendo ser dado de alta.Magnesium (Mg is the fourth most abundant cation in the body and plays a key role in numerous cellular functions such as glycolysis and energy metabolism. Its deficit may cause gastrointestinal disturbances, cardiovascular and neurological diseases. Among the latter, the symptoms may range from muscle weakness and numbness, to lethargy, hyperreflexia, ataxia, tetany, convulsions and coma. We report the case of a man of 65 with short bowel syndrome secondary to extensive bowel resection for sigma neoplasm and subsequent peritonitis, with end ileostomy, who presented several episodes of tonic-clonic seizures secondary to severe magnesium deficiency as a result a decrease in intestinal absorption of losses for high debit ileostomy. After beginning treatment with intravenous magnesium (iv

  20. Leaching of organic acids from macromolecular organic matter by non-supercritical CO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauer, P.; Glombitza, C.; Kallmeyer, J.

    2012-04-01

    The storage of CO2 in underground reservoirs is discussed controversly in the scientific literature. The worldwide search for suitable storage formations also considers coal-bearing strata. CO2 is already injected into seams for enhanced recovery of coal bed methane. However, the effects of increased CO2 concentration, especially on organic matter rich formations, are rarely investigated. The injected CO2 will dissolve in the pore water, causing a decrease in pH and resulting in acidic formation waters. Huge amounts of low molecular weight organic acids (LMWOAs) are chemically bound to the macromolecular matrix of sedimentary organic matter and may be liberated by hydrolysis, which is enhanced by the acidic porewater. Recent investigations outlined the importance of LMWOAs as a feedstock for microbial life in the subsurface [1]. Therefore, injection of CO2 into coal formations may result in enhanced nutrient supply for subsurface microbes. To investigate the effect of high concentrations of dissolved CO2 on the release of LMWOAs from coal we developed an inexpensive high-pressure high temperature system that allows manipulating the partial pressure of dissolved gases at pressures and temperatures up to 60 MPa and 120° C, respectively. In a reservoir vessel, gases are added to saturate the extraction medium to the desired level. Inside the extraction vessel hangs a flexible and inert PVDF sleeve (polyvinylidene fluoride, almost impermeable for gases), holding the sample and separating it from the pressure fluid. The flexibility of the sleeve allows for subsampling without loss of pressure. Coal samples from the DEBITS-1 well, Waikato Basin, NZ (R0 = 0.29, TOC = 30%). were extracted at 90° C and 5 MPa, either with pure or CO2-saturated water. Subsamples were taken at different time points during the extraction. The extracted LMWOAs such as formate, acetate and oxalate were analysed by ion chromatography. Yields of LMWOAs were higher with pure water than with CO2

  1. El profesorado universitario: su formación como modelo de actuación ética para la vida en convivencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prieto Sánchez, Ana Teresa

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El propósito de este artículo, es compartir algunas reflexiones en torno al papel que deben asumir los docentes y las docentes universitarios en su rol de líderes educativos, bajo una perspectiva ética de la docencia basada en la formación de valores, como pilares fundamentales para la vida en convivencia. A partir de una revisión bibliográfica, se obtuvo como resultado que el profesional en educación, como líder ético, debe fomentar en el ámbito superior, el aprendizaje social de valores como el respeto por los derechos humanos, la democracia, la tolerancia y la solidaridad, de manera que el aprendizaje conlleve a una convivencia pacífica, donde confluyan la adquisición de conocimientos y la formación responsable de la ciudadanía. En este sentido, el diálogo y la reflexión deben protagonizar el proceso educativo y trascender el entorno de los centros docentes, contando con la implicación de toda la sociedad: alumnado, profesorado y comunidad.Abstract: The purpose of this article is to share some reflections around the paper that the educational university professor should assume in role of educational leaders, under an ethical perspective of the teaching based on the formation of securities, as fundamental pillars for the life in coexistence. Starting from a bibliographical revision, it was obtained as a result that the educational one as leader ethical debit side to foment, in the superior environment, the social learning of securities as the respect of the human rights, the democracy, the tolerance and the solidarity, so that the learning bears to a coexistence pacific, where the acquisition of knowledge and the formation responsible for the citizenship converge. In this sense, the dialogue and the reflection they should to star in the educational process and to transcend the environment of the educational centres, having the implication of the whole community: pupil, faculty and community.

  2. The Subject Analysis of Payment Systems Characteristics

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    Korobeynikova Olga Mikhaylovna

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the analysis of payment systems aimed at identifying the categorical terminological apparatus, proving their specific features and revealing the impact of payment systems on the state of money turnover. On the basis of the subject analysis, the author formulates the definitions of a payment system (characterized by increasing speed of effecting payments, by the reduction of costs, by high degree of payments convenience for subjects of transactions, by security of payments, by acceptable level of risks and by social efficiency, a national payment system, and a local payment system (characterized by the growth of economic and social efficiency of systems participants, by the process of money turnover optimization on the basis of saving transaction costs and increasing speed of money flows within the local payment systems. According to the economic levels, the payment systems are divided to macrosystems (national payment systems, mezosystems (payment systems localized on the operational and territorial basis, microsystems (payments by individual economic subjects. The establishment of qualitative features of payment systems, which is a basis of the author’s terminological interpretation, gave a possibility to reveal the cause-effect relations of payment systems influence on the state of money turnover in the involved subjects, and on the economy as a whole. The result of the present research consists in revealing the payment systems influence on the state of money turnover which is significant: at the state and regional level – in the optimization of budget and inter-budgetary relations, in acceleration of the money turnover, in deceleration of the money supply and inflation rate, in reduced need in money emission; at the level of economic entities – in accelerating the money turnover and accounts receivable, in the reduction of debit and credit loans, in the growth of profit (turnover; at the household level – in

  3. Gasto y financiación de las casas reales de Felipe III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Javier de CARLOS MORALES

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La situación económica de las Casas reales en tiempos de Felipe III reflejó una de las características básicas de la Real Hacienda castellana: la acumulación de atrasos y débitos daba lugar a un pasivo que tenía que ser trasladado de ejercicio en ejercicio. Esta dinámica no sólo era consecuencia de unos gastos corrientes crecientes, sino sobre todo de la ausencia de una fuente de sostenimiento fija a disposición del maestro de la cámara, cuya dependencia de la Tesorería general era causa del «déficit flotante» que debía manejar de año en año. Ante esta situación, en el reinado de Felipe III no dejaron de realizarse intentos para ajustar los ingresos y gastos y para dotar a las Casas reales de unos medios estables de sostenimiento, como la asignación de los millones. Pero las vicisitudes padecidas por la Real Hacienda impidieron la superación de la crónica falta de liquidez del erario, y determinaron que el recurso al crédito fuera una forma ineludible de financiación de las Casas reales.ABSTRACT: The economic situation of the Royal Houses in the times of Felipe the Third reflect one of the basic characteristics of the castilian Royal Treasury: the accumulation of arrears and debits caused liabilities that had to be transferred from financial year to financial year. These happenings were not only the consequence of growing ordinary expenses, but also the absence of a source of fixed maintenance at the chambermaster disposition, whose dependence of the general Treasury was the reason for a «floating déficit» he had to manage year after year. Confronted with this situation, during Felipe the Third's reign, there were any number of attempts to try to adjust the income and the expenses, and to provide the Royal Houses of stable means of maintenance, such as asigning the millions possessed. But the ups and downs suffered by the Royal Treasury didn't allow the overcoming of the chronic lack of settlement in the

  4. Analyse des transferts de chaleur et de masse transitoires dans un arena a l'aide de la methode zonale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daoud, Ahmed

    Cette these presente les resultats d'une etude sur le mouvement de l'air et les transferts thermiques et massiques dans les arenas en regime transitoire et en 3D. Pour la partie aeraulique, il a ete question de developper un modele base sur la methode zonale qui permet de calculer les debits de l'air (dus a la ventilation et aux gradients de temperature) et de l'humidite entre les differentes zones du batiment et de determiner l'age de l'air dans chacune des zones. Pour la partie thermique, un modele de calcul du rayonnement entre les surfaces interieures du batiment qui a ete couple a TRNSYS afin de calculer sur une base annuelle les charges de chauffage et de refrigeration; ces dernieres tiennent compte des transferts radiatif et convectif, de la chaleur latente due a la condensation de l'humidite sur la glace et du surfacage. Le document presente est constitue de 7 chapitres qui peuvent etre resumes comme suit: Les chapitres 1, 2 et 3 sont consacres respectivement: a l'introduction generale, a la revue bibliographique et a la description du batiment modelise. Le chapitre 4 decrit l'approche developpee et la contribution importante qui y est apportee. Il presente l'utilisation de la methode zonale comme une alternative pratique aux methodes CFD car elle permet de realiser des simulations dynamiques sur une annee avec des temps de simulation tres courts et une precision acceptable. Il s'agit d'une approche intermediaire entre les modeles CFD et les modeles a un noeud d'air (considerant la temperature homogene dans un local). Le chapitre 5 est consacre a la methode de resolution numerique. L'outil de simulation a ete developpe en utilisant l'interface du logiciel TRNSYS: Le type 56 de ce logiciel a ete adopte comme modele energetique tandis que les autres modeles ont ete developpes et programmes en utilisant le logiciel MATLAB. Le chapitre 6 presente les resultats de simulation pour un arena sans faux plafond et avec un faux plafond et les resultats de mesures

  5. EVALUASI UNJUK KERJA TURBIN AIR PELTON TERBUAT DARI KAYU DAN BAMBU SEBAGAI PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK RAMAH LINGKUNGAN UNTUK PEDESAAN (Performance Evaluation of Hydraulic Pelton Turbine Made of Wood and Bamboo as Environmentally Friendly Electric Generation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samsul Kamal

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Pemanfaatan energi air di Indonesia, khususnya untuk pembangkit listrik skala kecil di pedesaan masih perlu diprioritaskan untuk ditingkatkan dalam program memperoleh energi bersih yang ramah lingkungan. Pemanfaatan tersebut masih terkendala oleh biaya investasi yang relatif tinggi serta teknologi yang sesuai. Pemerintah mendorong pemanfaatan energi baru dan terbarukan melalui program Desa Mandiri Energi dengan menggunakan potensi dan sumber daya yang tersedia di pedesaan. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi unjuk kerja turbin air Pelton untuk pembangkit listrik skala kecil dengan sudu terbuat dari bambu dan roda turbin dari kayu. Data yang terkumpul menunjukkan bahwa efisiensi pembangkitan mampu mencapai sekitar 28% untuk debit aliran 28 liter/detik dan tinggi jatuh efektif 7 m menggunakan nosel berpenampang empat persegi panjang. Walaupun dari aspek teknik dan lingkungan penggunaan bambu sebagai sudu turbin adalah baik dan sesuai untuk digunakan di pedesaan, namun unjuk kerja yang diperoleh masih perlu ditingkatkan dibanding dengan umumnya turbin Pelton yang terbuat dari logam. Hal ini diperkirakan karena bentuk alamiah lengkung bambu yang tidak optimum untuk sudu serta bentuk penampang nosel yang masih harus disesuaikan.   ABSTRACT The use of hydroenergy in Indonesia, especially for small electric generation in rural areas is still to be priority increased in a program to find a clean and environmentally friendly energy.  The use is still limited by relatively high investation cost and appropriate technology. Government has pushed the use of new and renewable energy through the Village Self-Relliant Energy Supply Program by using potential and available resources in the village. The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of a hydraulic Pelton turbine for small electric generation with the buckets are made of bamboo and the runner is made of wood. Data collected from the study show that the efficiency of the

  6. Gestão de Universidade Privada: risco de inadimplência dos alunosPrivate University Management: default risk by studentsGestión de la Universidad Privada: el riesgo del impago de los alumnos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RIBEIRO, Cristiane Freitas

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOEste artigo analisa a probabilidade do risco de inadimplência em uma universidade privada (UP. Nele, utilizou-se a técnica estatística de regressão logística. O modelo de risco de crédito foi construído com base em uma amostra de alunos matriculados em uma UP, situada no Rio Grande do Sul. As variáveis explicativas do modelo foram obtidas a partir da aplicação de um questionário socioeconômico, que gerou um total de 59 variáveis, das quais apenas três foram representativas: existência de débitos já negociados, posse de cartão de crédito e reprovação. Os resultados obtidos mostram que o modelo estudado obtém resultados satisfatórios, quando aplicado na medição da probabilidade de risco de crédito.ABSTRACTThis paper analyzes the probability of default risk in a private university (UP using the statistical technique of logistic regression. The credit risk model used was based on a sample of registered UP students in Rio Grande do Sul. The explanatory variables of the model were obtained by applying a socioeconomic questionnaire that generated a total of 59 variables, of which only three were representative: the existence of debits that had already been negotiated, credit card ownership and rejection. The obtained results show that the studied model yields satisfactory results when used to measure credit risk probability.RESUMENEl artículo analiza la probabilidad del riesgo de los estudiantes no realizaren el pago de la deuda en una universidad privada (UP. Se ha utilizado la técnica estadística de regresión logística. El modelo de riesgo de crédito ha sido construido con base en una muestra de estudiantes matriculados en la respectiva UP, ubicada en el Estado del Rio Grande do Sul. Las variables explicativas del modelo han sido obtenidas a partir de la aplicación de un cuestionario socioeconómico, que ha generado el total de 59 variables de las cuales solamente tres han sido representativas: existencia de d

  7. Modelling of the groundwater flow in Baltic Artesian Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virbulis, J.; Sennikovs, J.; Bethers, U.

    2012-04-01

    Baltic Artesian Basin (BAB) is a multi-layered complex hydrogeological system underlying about 480'000 km2 in the territory of Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Russia, Belarus and the Baltic Sea. The model of the geological structure contains 42 layers including aquifers and aquitards from Cambrian up to the Quaternary deposits. The finite element method was employed for the calculation of the steady state three-dimensional groundwater flow with free surface. The horizontal and vertical hydraulic conductivities of geological materials were assumed constant in each of the layers. The Precambrian basement forms the impermeable bottom of the model. The zero water exchange is assumed through the side boundaries of BAB. Simple hydrological model is applied on the surface. The level of the lakes, rivers and the sea is fixed as constant hydraulic head in corresponding mesh points. The infiltration is set as a flux boundary condition elsewhere. Instead of extensive coupling with hydrology model, a constant mean value of 70 mm/year was assumed as an infiltration flux for the whole BAB area and this value was adjusted during the automatic calibration process. Averaged long-term water extraction was applied at the water supply wells with large debits. In total 49 wells in Lithuania (total abstraction 45000 m3/day), 161 in Latvia (184000 m3/day) and 172 in Estonia (24000 m3/day) are considered. The model was calibrated on the statistically weighted (using both spatial and temporal weighting function) borehole water level measurements applying automatic parameter optimization method L-BFGS-B for hydraulic conductivities of each layer. The steady-stade calculations were performed for the situations corresponding to undisturbed situation (1950-ies), intensive groundwater use (1980-ies) and present state situation (after 2000). The distribution of piezometric heads and principal flows inside BAB was analyzed based on the model results. The results demonstrate that generally the

  8. The Preparation of Trial Balance of the Account Balance with Catergorized Account Summerization Method%账户余额试算平衡表的编制--科目汇总法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乐长征

    2014-01-01

    与传统的总账记录法不同,科目汇总法是一种利用科目汇总表数据进行试算平衡、相对独立于账簿体系之外的账户余额试算平衡表编制方法。其编制程序是根据企业档案管理要求或经营管理需求,设计每册会计凭证的起、止编号及其适当的科目汇总表工作底稿,逐笔登记每张记账凭证中的会计科目发生额、加计和调整以及结转相关科目的本期借贷发生额并进行余额的试算平衡。手工账下,基于有效履行受托责任和减少会计风险的考量,运用科目汇总法来编制账户余额试算平衡表应是一种必要的会计程序。%Different from the traditional ledger recording method, categorized account summarization is a trial balance preparation method for account balance using data of account summary that is relatively independent of the books of account. According to the requirement of enterprise file and operation management, the process starts from designing the beginning and ending number of each accounting document and the appropriate working paper for account summary, registering the amount of accounts occurred of each accounting voucher, accumu-lating, adjusting and carrying over the amount of debit and credit in the current period of trial balancing the balance. If accounts are kept by hand, it is a necessary accounting procedure to prepare trial balance for the account balance with categorized account summarization, so as to perform accountability effectively and reduce accounting risks.

  9. Biometric identification systems: the science of transaction facilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Robert R.

    1994-10-01

    The future ofthe "secure transaction" and the success ofall undertakings that depend on absolute certainty that the individuals involved really are who and what they represent themselves to be is dependent upon the successful development of absolutely accurate, low-cost and easy-to-operate Biometric Identification Systems. Whether these transactions are political, military, financial or administrative (e.g. health cards, drivers licenses, welfare entitlement, national identification cards, credit card transactions, etc.), the need for such secure and positive identification has never been greater -and yet we are only at the beginning ofan era in which we will see the emergence and proliferation of Biometric Identification Systems in nearly every field ofhuman endeavor. Proper application ofthese systems will change the way the world operates, and that is precisely the goal ofComparator Systems Corporation. Just as with the photo-copier 40 years ago and the personal computer 20 years ago, the potential applications for positive personal identification are going to make the Biometric Identification System a commonplace component in the standard practice ofbusiness, and in interhuman relationships ofall kinds. The development of new and specific application hardware, as well as the necessary algorithms and related software required for integration into existing operating procedures and newly developed systems alike, has been a more-than-a-decade-long process at Comparator -and we are now on the verge of delivering these systems to the world markets so urgently in need of them. An individual could feel extremely confident and satisfied ifhe could present his credit, debit, or ATM card at any point of sale and, after inserting his card, could simply place his finger on a glass panel and in less than a second be positively accepted as being the person that the card purported him to be; not to mention the security and satisfaction of the vendor involved in knowing that

  10. A Combined Hydrological, Geochemical and Geophysical Reconnaissance of Groundwater Contamination In Oilfield Environment (republic of Tatarstan, Russia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitski, A.; Titov, K.; Buès, M.; Ilyin, Yu.; Konosavski, P.; Kharkhordin, I.; Uchaev, V.; Sapozhnikov, B.; Kharkovski, K.

    Numerous brine leakages from production and injection wells and pipelines were ob- served at the site of study situated in Romashkinskoye oilfield. The groundwater flow, which follows the relief, is manifested by five springs. The salinity of these springs significantly increased during 20 years of oil exploitation at the site. The subsurface consists of sandstone, clayey sandstone, siltstone and limestone. Sampling of spring water and soils, as well as geophysical investigations, were carried out to develop the groundwater and contamination flow model of the site. In addition to the traditional bulk soil sampling, the mobile forms of chemical elements were investigated using the diffusion sampling technique (Levitski et al., 1995). The dipole-dipole resistivity and Spontaneous Polarization (SP) maps of the site were obtained. One prospecting bore- hole of 40 m was sunk. Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) and Time Domain Spec- tral Induced Polarization Sounding (SIP), conducted at several points, were inverted to obtain rock and soil resistivity. The SIP measurements were performed to help geo- logical interpretation of the obtained resistivity cross-sections. The groundwater flow model was developed on the basis of borehole data, debits of the observed springs, and surface geophysical data. The model was calibrated using numerical modelling of SP. The 2D program GWFGEM based on the SillSs approach (1983) was applied. First, the preliminary groundwater flow model was obtained. Based on the coupling flow theory, sources of SP were calculated from water heads. Then, SP was calculated on the basis of SP sources and subsurface resistivity derived from the VES inversion. The above procedure was repeated several times to minimise the discrepancy between the observed and calculated SP. The flow balance for the whole site was obtained. The best indicators of the oil-related contamination at the site were found to be: (1) in groundwater U K, Na and Sr; (2) in bulk soil U Ca

  11. Propagation of small disturbances in two phases, one component flow (1963); Propagation de petites perturbations dans un ecoulement double phase a un seul constituant (1963)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boure, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1963-07-01

    A small disturbance is, shown to give rise to two waves: a pressure (sonic) wave and a continuity wave. Their propagation velocities are calculated. These velocities are independent of the disturbance amplitude. The sonic velocity is primarily a function of that one corresponding to the same medium with no flow and of the liquid phase velocity. It is also a function of the physical properties of the phases on the saturation line, of the slip laws and of the void fraction. The continuity wave velocity is only a function of the slip laws, of the void fraction and of the velocity of either phase. It appears two kinds of critical flow rates which are calculated. The void fraction and the liquid and gas velocities variations are calculated. These results are extended to the case of a real loop and an approximative method is given for the treatment of this case. (author) [French] On montre qu'une petite perturbation donne naissance a deux ondes: une onde de pression (onde sonique) et une onde de continuite. On calcule leurs vitesses de propagation qui sont independantes de l'amplitude de la perturbation. La vitesse du son depend des proprietes physiques des phases le long de la courbe de saturation, des lois du glissement, de la fraction volumique de vapeur. Elle depend surtout de la vitesse qu'il aurait dans le milieu immobile de meme fraction volumique de vapeur, et de la vitesse de la phase liquide. La vitesse de l'onde de continuite depend des lois du glissement, de la fraction volumique de vapeur et de la vitesse d'une des phases. Il apparait deux types de debits critiques que l'on calcule. On calcule egalement les variations de la fraction volumique de vapeur et des vitesses des phases dans la perturbation. On generalise des resultats precedents dans le cas d'un circuit reel et on propose une methode approchee pour traiter le probleme dans ce cas. (auteur)

  12. TANTANGAN DAN PELUANG E-COMMERCE SEBAGAI BASIS BISNIS GLOBAL DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumijan Sumijan

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Multimedia computers today have become a necessity, either by businesses or other community groups. Information is not enough just through text and graphics alone, but the information includes text, graphics, animated images, video and audio. Multimedia computer applications that are widely used today is e-commerce, e-commerce where the buying or selling activity conducted electronically on the Internet. E-commerce can also be more specific means of advertising, sales, delivery and service to take advantage of a web show 24 hours a day for all customers. E-commerce is a fraction of the facilities provided in the wilds Internet (cyber space. However, its existence is vital to boost the business of a company that wants to go-International. E-commerce is a combination of technology, apllications, proceses and strategic bussinees. Object of this study discusses the success factors (opportunities and failures (challenges in e-commerce menerepkan especially in Indonesia and this study also discusses the application of e-commerce as a bridge to cyber trade transactions between the consumer and the merchant bank, a payment server that will authorize a credit card or debit card online. Data taken from the successes and failures of previous studies beberpa survey were analyzed and presented in this study. Based on the results of this study found that the role of government to impose regulations to create a market trend and pioneering e-commerce, especially in the improvement of the trading system. To boost interest in e-commerce is not independent of consciousness, beliefs, customs and culture of a society of Indonesia. Cultures in Indonesia who still believe in the traditional trades of the e-commerce. However, e-commerce will still be needed in the face of the global market. To petrify the small and medium industries (SMEs in creating a market trend of digital government intervention is needed in creating a framework in a comprehensive system such as

  13. High Throughput Approach Applied to VOC Oxidation at Low Temperature Approche haut débit appliquée à l’oxydation basse température des COV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jolly J.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A High Throughput (HT approach is used to prepare and characterize the catalytic activity of materials for the destruction of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC at low temperature. The interest of the Designs of Experiments (DoE in the primary screening is demonstrated through modeling catalysts composition according to the light-off temperature detected by infrared thermography. The combination of the mass spectrometry and the infrared thermography appears very useful to confirm and increase information about catalytic properties of the catalysts extracted to the primary screening stage. Finally, in situ Raman spectroscopy with infrared thermography allows to better understand the origin of the catalytic properties in the case ofAu/CeO2 catalysts. A strong interaction between gold and Ce-O bonds leading to an improvement of the cerium oxide reducibility could explain its high reactivity for 2-propanol oxidation at lower temperature. Une approche haut debit (HD est utilisée de la préparation jusqu’à la caractérisation de l’activité catalytique des matériaux pour l’élimination des Composés Organiques Volatils (COV à basse température. L’intérêt des plans d’expériences (DoE, en anglais Designs of Experiments dans le screening primaire est démontré grâce à l’identification d’une composition optimale de catalyseur prédite à l’aide des différentes températures d’ignition des catalyseurs obtenues par thermographie infrarouge. La combinaison in situ de la spectrométrie de masse et de la thermographie infrarouge s’est avérée d’une grande utilité pour confirmer et augmenter le niveau d’information concernant les propriétés catalytiques des catalyseurs provenant du screening primaire. Enfin, la spectroscopie Raman in situ couplée à la thermographie infrarouge permet de mieux comprendre l’origine des propriétés catalytiques dans le cas du catalyseur Au/CeO2. Une forte interaction entre les particules d

  14. TINJAUAN YURIDIS PARA PIHAK DALAM TRANSAKSI PENGAMBILAN ATAU TRANSFER DANA MELALUI MESIN ANJUNGAN TUNAI MANDIRI (ATM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augustinus Simanjuntak

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available According to civil code or Burgerlijk Wetboek (BW, article 1320, there are four legal conditions of business contract must be fulfilled by parties. One of condition is agreement. Based on this condition, the position of each parties must be equal at the same level. Besides, each parties must be exist and make effective communication before get in to that agreement. Commonly, every subjects in business transaction need dealing process first between one to another party, and than the parties goes to delivering or transfering the object of transaction. At least they have to know each other first if transaction will be implemented. But, this legal term is not fully found in one of banking transaction facilities that is automatic teller machine as we called Anjungan Tunai Mandiri (ATM. The legal issue which come out from this transaction system is particularly regarding to the subjects or parties. Every time the customer goes to ATM, she or he will not find another party existing there. It means that customer do transaction without presence of bank party. So, if ATM has broken and the balance in costumer account has decreased for debit, bank does not always liable for the costumer loss. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Menurut pasal 1320 Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Perdata atau Burgerlijk Wetboek (BW, ada empat syarat sahnya suatu kontrak bisnis yang harus dipenuhi oleh para pihak. Salah satunya ialah kesepakatan. Berdasarkan syarat ini, posisi para pihak harus sejajar pada tingkat yang sama. Selain itu, masing-masing pihak harus eksis dan melakukan komunikasi yang efektif sebelum mencapai kesepakatan. Lazimnya, setiap subjek dalam transaksi bisnis membutuhkan proses persetujuan terlebih dahulu antara pihak yang satu dengan pihak lainnya, dan kemudian para pihak menuju pada penyerahan atau pemindahan objek transaksi. Paling tidak, mereka harus saling mengetahui bila transaksi akan dilaksanakan. Tetapi, syarat hukum ini tidak sepenuhnya ditemukan di salah

  15. Forced convection of ammonia. 2. part.: gaseous ammonia - very high wall temperatures (1000 to 3000 K); Convection forcee de l'ammoniac. 2. partie: ammoniac gazeux - cas de tres hautes temperatures de paroi (1000 a 3000{sup 0} K)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perroud, P.; Rebiere, J.; Strittmatter, R. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-07-01

    Heat transfer coefficients and pressure drop of gaseous ammonia in forced convection are experimentally determined. The fluid flows (mass flow rate 0.6 to 2.4 g/s) in a long tungsten tube (d{sub i} = 2.8 mm, d{sub e} = 5.1 mm, L = 700 mm) electrically heated. The temperature of the wall reaches 3000 deg. K and the fluid 2500 deg. K; maximum heat flux 530 w/cm{sup 2}. Ammonia is completely dissociated and the power necessary for dissociation reaches 30 per cent of the total power exchanged. Inlet pressure varies between 6 and 16 bars and the maximum pressure drop in the tube reaches 15 bars. Two regimes of dissociation have been shown: catalytic and homogeneous and the variation of dissociation along the length of the tube is studied. The measured heat transfer coefficients may be about 10 times these calculated by the means of classical formulae. A correlation of experimental results using enthalpy as a driving force for heat transmission is presented. Pressure drops may be calculated by the means of a classical friction factor. (authors) [French] On determine experimentalement les coefficients d'echange thermique et les pertes de charge de l'ammoniac gazeux en convection forcee. Le fluide circule avec un debit en masse compris entre 0.6 et 2.4 g/s (G = 10 a 40 g/cm{sup 2}.s) dans un tube long en tungstene (d{sub i} = 2.8 mm, d{sub e} = 5.1 mm, L = 700 mm), chauffe electriquement. La temperature de paroi atteint 3000 deg. K, celle du fluide 2500 deg. K et le flux de chaleur maximal est de 530 W/cm{sup 2}. L'ammoniac se dissocie completement, la puissance correspondant a la dissociation atteint 30 pour cent de la puissance totale echangee. La pression d'entree varie entre 6 et 16 bars et la chute de pression maximale dans le canal est de 15 bars. On distingue deux regimes de dissociation, catalytique et homogene, et on etudie la variation du taux de dissociation en fonction de la longueur du tube. Les coefficients d'echange thermique mesures

  16. Determination of Apixaban Levels in Human Plasma by a High-Throughput Liquid Chromatographic Tandem Mass Spectrometry Assay / Determinarea rapidă a apixabanului în plasma umană prin cromatografie de lichide de înaltă performanță cuplată cu spectrometrie de masă în tandem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Țilea Ioan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available S-a elaborat și s-a validat o metodă de cromatografie de lichide de înaltă performanță cuplată cu spectrometrie de masă în tandem (LC-MS/MS pentru cuantificarea apixabanului în plasma umană. Separarea s-a realizat pe o coloană Gemini-NX în condiții izocratice folosind un amestec de acetonitril și formiat de amoniu 1 mM în apă (33:67, v/v la 40 ºC, cu un debit de 0,5 mL/min. Detecția apixabanului s-a realizat prin monitorizarea reacțiilor multiple (m/z 417,2 din m/z 460,2 cu ionizare pozitivă prin electrospray. Pentru pregătirea probelor de plasmă s-a folosit o singură etapă de precipitare a proteinelor cu metanol. Metoda s-a validat cu respectarea selectivității, linearității (r > 0,994, preciziei intrazilnice și interzilnice (CV < 14,4 % și a acurateței (bias < 9.5 % pe domeniul de concentrații 9,70 - 970,00 ng/mL plasmă. Cea mai mică limită de cuantificare (LLOQ a fost de 9,70 ng/mL, iar randamentul de recuparare din plasmă a avut valori cuprinse între 97,4 - 104,5 %. Metoda este rapidă, eficientă, necesită prelucrarea unui volum mic de plasmă (50 μL, un timp de lucru scurt (1 min pentru analiza cromatografică și o pregătire simplă și rapidă a probelor. Se pretează foarte bine pentru monitorizarea concentrațiilor apixabanului în timpul tratamentului clinic și pentru studii de farmacocinetică.

  17. Peranan Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu dalam Pembangunan Hutan Kemasyarakatan di Perbukitan Menoreh (Kasus di Desa Hargorejo, Kokap, Kulonprogo, D.I.Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Palmolina

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Pengembangan Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu (HHBK dalam berbagai program pembangunan kehutanan yang mengutamakan fungsi lingkungan, sosial, ekonomi, dan budaya masyarakat lokal diharapkan dapat mewujudkan kelestarian hutan. Salah satu program pembangunan kehutanan adalah Hutan Kemasyarakatan (HKm. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peranan HHBK dalam pembangunan HKm yang dilakukan di Perbukitan Menoreh dengan kasus di Desa Hargorejo, Kokap, Kulon Progo. Data dikumpulkan pada bulan Januari hingga Juni 2013 melalui wawancara secara mendalam terhadap 10 informan dan penyebaran kuesioner terhadap 35 orang anggota kelompok tani yang memiliki lahan garapan di HKm. Jenis tanaman kayu yang dominan dikembangkan adalah tanaman jati, mahoni, dan akasia. Sementara tanaman HHBK yang ditanam adalah tanaman buah (pisang, nangka, tanaman pangan (singkong, jagung, kedelai, kacang tanah, serta tanaman herbal (jahe, kunyit, temulawak. Pengelolaan HKm dilakukan secara swadaya dengan didampingi Yayasan DAMAR. Selain kondisi lingkungan menjadi hijau dan sejuk (66% responden menyatakan lingkungan desa menjadi lebih hijau dan sejuk, debit air bertambah (76% responden menyatakan persediaan air banyak, dampak positif pengelolaan HKm di Desa Hargorejo adalah juga memberikan kontribusi ekonomi pada rumah tangga petani (terjadi pengurangan prosentasi kondisi ekonomi petani kurang baik dari 80% menjadi 52% setelah adanya akses HKm. Kata kunci: HHBK, hutan kemasyarakatan, Menoreh, program pengembangan, manfaat hutan The roles of Non Timber Forest Products in the development of community forestry in Menoreh Hills (A case of Hargorejo Village, Kokap, Kulon Progo Regency, Yogyakarta Abstract Development of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs in various forestry development program that promotes the function of environmental, social, economic, and culture of local communities is expected to create sustainability. One of the forestry development programs are Community Forest (HKm. This

  18. Analisis dan Rencana Pengembangan Jaringan Distribusi Air Bersih Unit Cabang Timur PDAM Kabupaten Klaten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Tri Lestari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Unit Cabang Timur Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum (PDAM Kabupaten Klaten dibagi menjadi 3 unit pelayanan Ibu Kota Kecamatan (IKK dan mempunyai tingkat pelayanan yang masih rendah pada tahun 2015, yaitu Unit IKK Ceper 17,6%; Unit IKK Pedan 2,43%; dan Unit IKK Cawas 31,26% sehingga peningkatan persen pelayanan menjadi hal yang perlu dilakukan. Hal ini didukung dengan adanya penambahan debit produksi sebesar 50 liter/detik. Selain itu, jaringan distibusi belum dibentuk blok pelayanan sehingga sulit untuk mengontrol kehilangan air. Perencanaan ini dilakukan pembagian blok pelayanan menjadi 26 blok dan 5 tapping. Setelah itu dilakukan analisis kondisi eksiting. Hasil analisis kondisi eksisting menunjukkan kondisi hidrolika perpipaan kecuali kecepatan masih memenuhi kriteria, yaitu tekanan antara (15,43-59,99 m, kecepatan (0-0,91 m/detik, unit headloss (0-3,51 m/km. Kemudian dilakukan pengembangan jaringan yang dibagi menjadi 2 tahap, dimana tahap 1 meningkatkan persen pelayanan, sedangkan tahap 2 menambah daerah pelayanan baru. Blok pelayanan setelah pengembangan menjadi 29 blok dan 5 titik tapping. Kemudian analisis rencana pengembangan dilakukan dan menunjukkan bahwa kondisi hidrolika pipa untuk tekanan di jaringan distribusi IKK Cawas bernilai negatif. Hal ini dikarenakan unit headloss yang terjadi pada pipa dari reservoir menuju titik tapping pertama IKK Cawas sebesar 5,78 m/km dengan panjang pipa 14,35 km sehingga headloss  sebesar 82,94 m menyebabkan tekanan menjadi -2,89 m. Permasalahan ini dapat diatasi dengan parallel pipa diameter 200 mm sepanjang 9 km. Parallel pipa tersebut mengakibatkan tekanan  pada titik tapping pertama IKK Cawas menjadi 34,65 m dan titik tapping terjauh (blok 19 sebesar 16,34 m.  Hasil analisis hidrolika, seperti unit headloss berada pada rentang (0-5,78 m/km, namun kecepatan masih ada yang di bawah 0,3 m/detik. Rencana anggaran biaya (RAB yang dibutuhkan untuk melakukan pengembangan jaringan sebesar Rp 2.470.153,051.71.

  19. PERBANDINGAN DESAIN IPAL ANAEROBIC BIOFILTER DENGAN ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTACTOR UNTUK LIMBAH CAIR TEKSTIL DI SURABAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yogie Restu Firmansyah

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Effluen Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah (IPAL di Pabrik Tekstil X belum memenuhi kriteria yang ada, terutama untuk masalah warna. Sistem pengolahan IPAL menggunakan Anaerobic Biofilter memiliki kelebihan menyisihkan bahan organik yang tinggi, kebutuhan lahan yang relatif tidak besar, dan biaya operasi yang murah dibandingkan dengan sistem lumpur aktif yang menggunakan proses aerasi. Rotating Biological Contactor (RBC juga memiliki kelebihan yang sama dengan anaerobic biofilter. Perbandingan antara kedua sistem tersebut diperlukan untuk mengetahui sistem yang paling efektif untuk mengolah air limbah di Pabrik Textil X. Pengolahan adsorbsi batok arang kelapa dipilih untuk menghilangkan warna. Perencanaan ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode yang sistematis dimulai pengumpulan data primer dan sekunder yang berupa data karakteristik dan debit air limbah, lalu dilakukan perhitungan dan penggambaran Detail Engineering Desan (DED, volume pekerjaan dan Rancangan Anggaran Biaya (RAB, setelah itu dilakukan pembahasan untuk membandingkan kelebihan dan kekurangan dari unit anaerobic Biofilter yang dilengkapi adsorbsi arang batok kelapa dan Rotating Biological Contactor yang dilengkapi adsorbsi arang batok kelapa, lalu diambil kesimpulan dan saran yang relevan dengan tujuan dari perancanaan ini. Dari perhitungan DED didapat dimensi untuk masing masing unit IPAL sebagai berikut Bak ekualisasi (2,6 m x 2,6 m x 2 m, Septic tank (1,75 m x 1,5m x 2,5m, Anaerobic Filter 4 kompartemen (4,5m x 2,5m x 2,5m, , RBC 2 shaft  (2,75m x 2,75 m x 1m, Adsorbsi (3,5 mx 6,75m x 0,55m. Biaya investasi alternative 1 sebesar Rp   700.193.694,29, biaya operasi sebesar Rp 50.222.462,40, biaya perawatan sebesar Rp 3.495.000,00. Alternatif 2 biaya investasi sebesar Rp 777.526.655,53, biaya operasi sebesar Rp Rp 53.012.599,20  , biaya perawatan sebesar Rp 3.495.000,00. Kelebihan anaerobic filter adalah biaya investasi yang lebih kecil, kebutuhan lahan yang lebih sedikit yaitu

  20. PENGELOLAAN MATA AIR UNTUK PENYEDIAAN AIR RUMAHTANGGA BERKELANJUTAN DI LERENG SELATAN GUNUNGAPI MERAPI (Springs Management for Sustainability Domestic Water Supply in the South West of Merapi Volcano Slope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudarmadji Sudarmadji

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Mata air merupakan pemunculan air tanah ke permukaan tanah. Pemanfaatan mata air sangat beragam, antara lain penggunaan untuk keperluan air minum, irigasi, perikanan, untuk obyek wisata. Mata air mempunyai debit terbatas, namun kualitasnya baik, penggunaannya beragam, hal tersebut sering terjadi konflik pemanfaatan. Di saat musim kemarau, beberapa mata air merupakan sumber air satu-satunya di suatu tempat, sehingga pengelolaannya harus dilakukan secara baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengelolaan mata air berbasis teknologi tepat guna dalam penyediaan air rumahtangga di lereng selatan Gunungapi Merapi. Penelitian dilakukan dengan survei dan observasi di lapangan terhadap mata air yang digunakan untuk penyediaan air rumahtangga. Sejumlah responden pengguna mata air dan tokoh masyarakat setempat diwawancarai secara bebas dan terstruktur untuk memperoleh data pengelolaan mata air. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kondisi lingkungan dan karakteristik mata air, pengetahuan masyarakat dan budaya lokal yang beragam akan berpengaruh terhadap pengelolaanmata air. Perkembangan teknologi tidak dapat diabaikan dalam pengelolaan sumberdaya air. Hal ini dapat dipadukan dengan budaya masyarakat setempat dalam pengelolaan mata air, sehingga dapat diperoleh manfaat yang optimal dan kesinambungan fungsi dan manfaat mata air tersebut.   ABSTRACT Spring is the groundwater which comes out on ground surface. The use of water from springs is very diverse, varying from water for drinking, irrigation, fisheries, even for tourism. The springs usually have a limited discharge but the water quality from springs is good, therefore they are often facing some conflicts in utilization. In the dry season, in fact the springs are the only source of water supply; therefore the management of the spring should be done properly. This research aims to study the spring management based on appropriate technology in relation to household water supply in the