WorldWideScience

Sample records for current authors reply

  1. The Authors Reply

    Science.gov (United States)

    File, Kieran A.; Adams, Rebecca

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the authors' reply to Beniko Mason and Stephen Krashen's comments on their recent article published in "TESOL Quarterly." Mason and Krashen have provided an interesting reinterpretation of the authors' results and have also brought up several valid points regarding the efficiency of vocabulary learning from instruction,…

  2. Reply of the authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hossein AFZALIMEHR; Jueyi SUI; Razieh MOGHBEL

    2011-01-01

    The words of "wall" and "bank" have been used interactively in our past research works.However,to our knowledge,few published studies used natural vegetation cover along the flume walls.From hydraulic point of view,the description of flow characteristics is more important than the species of wall vegetation in a preliminary research study.The authors found that,if the same vegetation cover of natural channel is used as vegetation cover on the flume walls,it will result considerable noise and anomalies in capturing data by ADV.So,for this primary research,it has been decided to use the uniform specie as wall vegetation in this experimental study.

  3. The Author Replies: Regarding Campbell's Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Norman C.

    2004-01-01

    A reply in relation to Campbell's rule is presented where the issues of discrepancies in the average value between the two values is discussed and the graphical analysis which had uncovered an aspect of selecting a numerical value for Campbell's rule that was earlier overlooked is appreciated. The cause of the discrepancies in the average value…

  4. The Author Replies: Regarding Campbell's Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Norman C.

    2004-01-01

    A reply in relation to Campbell's rule is presented where the issues of discrepancies in the average value between the two values is discussed and the graphical analysis which had uncovered an aspect of selecting a numerical value for Campbell's rule that was earlier overlooked is appreciated. The cause of the discrepancies in the average value…

  5. Reply

    OpenAIRE

    William T. Robinson

    1988-01-01

    Author's reply to commentaries (Frey, J. B. 1988. Commentary on “Marketing mix reactions to entry.” 386–387, Gaskin, S. P. 1988. Commentary on “Marketing mix reactions to entry.” 388–389, and Mehrotra, S. 1988. Commentary on “Marketing mix reactions to entry.” 390.) on his paper (Robinson, W. T. 1988. Marketing mix reactions to entry. 368–385.).

  6. Adequacy of authors' replies to criticism raised in electronic letters to the editor: cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gøtzsche, Peter C; Delamothe, Tony; Godlee, Fiona; Lundh, Andreas

    2010-08-10

    To investigate whether substantive criticism in electronic letters to the editor, defined as a problem that could invalidate the research or reduce its reliability, is adequately addressed by the authors. Cohort study. BMJ between October 2005 and September 2007. Inclusion criteria Research papers generating substantive criticism in the rapid responses section on bmj.com. Severity of criticism (minor, moderate, or major) as judged by two editors and extent to which the criticism was addressed by authors (fully, partly, or not) as judged by two editors and the critics. A substantive criticism was raised against 105 of 350 (30%, 95% confidence interval 25% to 35%) included research papers, and of these the authors had responded to 47 (45%, 35% to 54%). The severity of the criticism was the same in those papers as in the 58 without author replies (mean score 2.2 in both groups, P=0.72). For the 47 criticisms with replies, there was no relation between the severity of the criticism and the adequacy of the reply, neither as judged by the editors (P=0.88 and P=0.95, respectively) nor by the critics (P=0.83; response rate 85%). However, the critics were much more critical of the replies than the editors (average score 2.3 v 1.4, Pcriticisms of their work, although they are not less likely to respond when criticisms are severe. Editors should ensure that authors take relevant criticism seriously and respond adequately to it.

  7. Author's reply

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Zhan-cheng; XUE Pei-li; ZHANG Yang; SHEN Dan-hua; WANG Jun; HE Quan-ying

    2006-01-01

    @@ To the Editor: We are pleased to respond to the letter of Zarogiannis and his colleagues1 for their interest in our study,2 emphasizing the role of human visceral pleura in pleura fluid turnover. We definitely agree to Zarogiannis and colleagues'comments that the absence of many cuboidal cells in the visceral pleura does not favor the existence of visceral lymphatic stomata.

  8. Opportunity Cost: A Reply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkin, Michael

    2016-01-01

    The author's objective for this reply in reexamining opportunity cost was to draw attention to two conflicting definitions of the concept in current use and to argue the case for dropping one of them. The comments of Daniel Arce, Rod O'Donnell, and Daniel Stone might be read as demonstration that the author has failed on both counts. Such a…

  9. [Is Freud the author of the "aphasia" article in Villaret's Handwörterbuch der Gesamten Medizin (1888)? A reply to Anneliese Menninger].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherrer, Ferdinand

    2016-01-01

    In 2011/12 Menninger rejected my proposition that Freud could not have composed the "aphasia" article in Villaret's medical dictionary. In this reply I argue in favour of my initial view that Freud is not the author of the article that has been attributed to him for over 60 years.

  10. Adequacy of authors' replies to criticism raised in electronic letters to the editor: cohort study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gøtzsche, Peter C; Delamothe, Tony; Godlee, Fiona

    2010-01-01

    To investigate whether substantive criticism in electronic letters to the editor, defined as a problem that could invalidate the research or reduce its reliability, is adequately addressed by the authors.......To investigate whether substantive criticism in electronic letters to the editor, defined as a problem that could invalidate the research or reduce its reliability, is adequately addressed by the authors....

  11. "Thank you for your critical comments and helpful suggestions": compliance and conflict in authors' replies to referees' comments in peer reviews of scientific research papers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugh Gosden

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Peer reviews of research papers submitted to journals are an "occluded" genre (Swales, 1996 - referees are usually anonymous and the confidential reports themselves are not part of the official record of research publication. Thus, compared to the published, readily available genres of the academy, there are few opportunities to study gatekeeping discourse such as peer reviews, nor are there many opportunities for novice researchers to practice framing appropriate and effective point-by-point replies to criticisms. This paper is part of a study based on the analysis and functional description of comments from a corpus of referees' reports and authors' replies. The data highlight the importance of authors being able to recognize and interpret the relative interactional/interpersonal vs. technical/ideational orientation of requested revisions, in order to revise successfully their papers after peer review. Research on publication productivity in the sciences has emphasized the importance of early productivity as a strong predictor of future publication (Fox, 1983. When young scientists take up their first academic position, publication levels are initially more affected by the productivity of the pre-doctoral years than by the prestige of the new department and institution. In a "reinforcing process of advantage" (Fox, 1983:293, those who have published early will often continue to do so for several years until the supportive research environment of their present location will more strongly affect continued productivity.

  12. Public Budget Database - Budget Authority and offsetting receipts 1976-Current

    Data.gov (United States)

    Executive Office of the President — This file contains historical budget authority and offsetting receipts for 1976 through the current budget year, as well as four years of projections. It can be used...

  13. Author's reply to discussion of using artificial neural nets to identify the well-test interpretation model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Al-Kaabi, A.U.; Lee, W.J. (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States))

    1994-09-01

    The authors thank Yeung et al. for their discussion about their original paper. They agree with Yeung et al. that their proposed scaling method, when applied to patterns with distinct subparts such as the one shown, represents an improvement on the method they proposed. This is particularly true because Yeung et al.'s method eliminates the need to train the artificial neural networks (ANN's) on different sizes (scales) of the same pattern of a specific interpretation model. This paper presents the following comments for discussion and suggestions for further improvement.

  14. Author Reply to the Letter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nakhleh; E.Abu-Yaghi

    2015-01-01

    <正>Dear Editor,We thank Dr.Karabas and his colleagues for their interest in our article regarding Bilateral same-session intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factors[1],and we are grateful for their thoughtful remarks.In

  15. A Reply? A Response to Penny Thompson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doble, Peter

    2007-01-01

    Penny Thompson's "reply" to the author's article (Doble, 2005) briefly tells readers that for an answer to some of the author's queries, readers may turn to her book; for the rest, she proposes to take "the argument" further. One of the problems with her earlier article was that it had no discernible argument, so it is not easy to see how it may…

  16. A Reply to Hansen's Cultural Humanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemberger, Matthew E.

    2012-01-01

    Hansen (2012b) responds to the author's (Lemberger, 2012) critique of his humanistic vision by dividing their arguments as either individual or cultural in design. In this reply, the author contends that the individual cannot be extracted from her or his culture and, therefore, what is sufficient for a humanistic counseling culture must also be…

  17. A Reply to Hansen's Cultural Humanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemberger, Matthew E.

    2012-01-01

    Hansen (2012b) responds to the author's (Lemberger, 2012) critique of his humanistic vision by dividing their arguments as either individual or cultural in design. In this reply, the author contends that the individual cannot be extracted from her or his culture and, therefore, what is sufficient for a humanistic counseling culture must also be…

  18. Parental Photography at School Events: Current Local Authority Best Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Bessant, Claire

    2015-01-01

    An analysis of local authority policy and guidance on parental photography at school events considering possible policy content and approaches to informing parents of policy/obtaining parental consent.

  19. Collaboration: A Reply to Bowern & Warner's Reply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Laura; Crippen, James

    2015-01-01

    Although Laura Robinson and James Crippen disagree strongly with a number of Bowern and Warner's [see EJ1075309] characterizations of their own paper ["In Defense of the Lone Wolf: Collaboration in Language Documentation" v7 p123-135 2013], Robinson and Crippen do agree with most of Bowern and Warner's assertions. In this reply, Robinson…

  20. Extending the Dialogue about Science and Humanities in Counseling: A Reply to Hansen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Clayton V.; Guterman, Jeffrey T.; Kopp, David M.

    2012-01-01

    This is a reply to Hansen's (2012b) rejoinder to the authors (Guterman, Martin, & Kopp, 2012), which is a response to Hansen's (2012a) keystone article about the relationship between humanities and science in counseling. In this reply, the authors provide remaining clarifications, points of disagreement, and suggestions for future directions in…

  1. Precise reply and clarifications on behalf of Sicilian Public Health Authorities to the case report published by La Rosa and collegues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitale, Francesco; Costantino, Claudio; Restivo, Vincenzo; Casuccio, Nicolò; Corsello, Giovanni; Palermo, Mario; Tozzo, Ignazio

    2016-11-01

    As a results of the case report "Post-rotavirus vaccine intussusception in identical twins: a case report" recently published on Human Vaccines & Immunotherapy by La Rosa et al., the principal Sicilian Public Health Authorities decided to specify several points and underline some important details omitted by the authors. In particular, aims to underline the remarkable benefit for Sicilian Regional Health service after the introduction of the rotavirus vaccination. Universal mass vaccination against rotavirus is properly managed by the Regional Health Authorities and is contributing to a consistent increase of public health in the Sicilian pediatric population; any modification of such a program should be based on robust scientific evidences. Finally, a single case report should not be considered as a basis to recommend a change in the clinical practice but instead a possible point of start for discussion and research.

  2. Reply to Oaklander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynne Rudder Baker

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In September, 2016, I replied to an earlier draft of Oaklander’s Critique of my view of time for Manuscrito. Now he has published an extremely complex 50-page expanded version. There is no way that a reply in a journal could cover all the topics Oaklander discusses. So, I will stick mainly to my own view to which Oaklander was responding. My reply is in two parts. In the first, directed at Oaklander’s earlier draft, I say what I want to do in philosophy in general, and in the philosophy of time in particular. In the second part, I mention some places where he (apparently misunderstands my view.

  3. Representation and Education: Reply to McKenzie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winch, Christopher

    2002-01-01

    Jim McKenzie's reply to the author's paper suggests that there are substantial areas of disagreement between US. McKenzie appears to agree with the central philosophical point that the author wished to make, that internal representationalism is incoherent. The author's target was that set of doctrines known as "cognitivism", which is based on the…

  4. Representation and Education: Reply to McKenzie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winch, Christopher

    2002-01-01

    Jim McKenzie's reply to the author's paper suggests that there are substantial areas of disagreement between US. McKenzie appears to agree with the central philosophical point that the author wished to make, that internal representationalism is incoherent. The author's target was that set of doctrines known as "cognitivism", which is based on the…

  5. Ruth Wade Replies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Ruth K.

    1985-01-01

    Ruth Wade replies to an article written by Georgea Sparks in the same issue of "Educational Leadership" (EA 518 309) as a response to Wade's meta-analysis of inservice teacher education also appearing in this issue (EA 518 308). A closer look at the major findings is needed. (DCS)

  6. Reply to critics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lindahl, H.K.

    2014-01-01

    In my reply to critics I address a raft of issues raised by the commentators to Fault Lines of Globalization. These issues include: the radicalization of the Husserlian concept of intentionality as differance; the irreducibility of a-legality to (il)legality; the relation between legal orders and

  7. Final Reply to Hirsch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerbner, George; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Replies to Paul Hirsch's rejoinder to Gerbner et al's findings on cultivation analysis. (See EJ 240 175-177.) Addresses the use of the National Opinion Research Center/ General Social Surveys. Concludes that Hirsch's appraisal of cultivation theory and his reasons for rejecting the concepts of mainstreaming and resonance are unwarranted and…

  8. Reply to Morgan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, Matthew

    2009-01-01

    This article responds to certain objections Jeffrey Morgan raises against the theory of liberal education defended in "Justice and Legitimacy in Upbringing." First, it replies to his claim that the theory is too individualistic and pays insufficient attention to considerations of "care". Second, it recapitulates and clarifies the argument that the…

  9. Reply to Morgan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, Matthew

    2009-01-01

    This article responds to certain objections Jeffrey Morgan raises against the theory of liberal education defended in "Justice and Legitimacy in Upbringing." First, it replies to his claim that the theory is too individualistic and pays insufficient attention to considerations of "care". Second, it recapitulates and clarifies the argument that the…

  10. Reply to critics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lindahl, H.K.

    2014-01-01

    In my reply to critics I address a raft of issues raised by the commentators to Fault Lines of Globalization. These issues include: the radicalization of the Husserlian concept of intentionality as differance; the irreducibility of a-legality to (il)legality; the relation between legal orders and so

  11. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Issues and Current Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-21

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Issues and Current Proposals Matthew C. Weed Specialist in Foreign...Policy Legislation February 21, 2017 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov R43760 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force...Against the Islamic State Congressional Research Service Summary Since the United States embarked on a strategy to counter the Islamic State (also

  12. Time-Limited Service Alternatives: Reply to Commentators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keats, Patrice Alison

    2009-01-01

    The commentators' responses to the viability of open groups using Therapeutic Enactment (TE) in a university setting are important. This reply addresses four main points: (a) single versus multiple sessions; (b) principles of brief therapy; (c) issues around training for group leaders; and (d) further research. The author agrees with commentators…

  13. Is the Current Way of Constructing Corporate Authority Records Still Useful?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiang Jin

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Catalogers have been establishing corporate body name headings (and other entities in their original language in the official form, as they appear most frequently on the title pages of publications for print publications, for many years. A random sample of corporate headings from the Library of Congress Name Authority File created during 1998–2002 was searched on the Web via Google to find corporate Web pages. The purpose of this research is to begin to answer the question: Does the current way of constructing corporate authority records still help users find resources by and about corporate bodies in the online public access catalog in this Web-oriented environment?

  14. 37 CFR 41.41 - Reply brief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reply brief. 41.41 Section 41... COMMERCE PRACTICE BEFORE THE BOARD OF PATENT APPEALS AND INTERFERENCES Ex Parte Appeals § 41.41 Reply brief... file a reply brief to an examiner's answer within two months from the date of the examiner's answer....

  15. 24 CFR 1720.615 - Reply brief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reply brief. 1720.615 Section 1720... Proceedings Appeals § 1720.615 Reply brief. A brief in reply to an answering brief, limited to rebuttal of matters in the answering brief, may be filed and served by a party within 7 days after receipt of...

  16. Varieties of Interpretation of Achievement Motivation: A Reply to Kukla and Scher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholls, John G.

    1986-01-01

    The author replies to criticism of his interpretation of achievement motivation. A distinction between goals of demonstrating and developing ability cannot be made in task involvement. Attempts to extend the author's theory by adding this distinction suffer from a failure to predict when these different goals will predominate. (Author/LMO)

  17. A reply to the reviewer of "Totalitarismo, democrazia, etica pubblica. Scritti di filosofia morale, filosofia politica, etica"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Sollazzo

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The author's reply to Giorgio Baruchello's review of the book Federico Sollazzo, Totalitarismo, democrazia, etica pubblica. Scritti di filosofia morale, filosofia politica, etica (Rome: Aracne, 2011

  18. Clinical Judgment in Science: Reply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westen, Drew; Weinberger, Joel

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents replies to comments published by M. S. Schulz and R. J. Waldinger, J. M. Wood and M. T. Nezworski, and H. N. Garb and W. M. Grove on the original article by D. Westen and J. Weinberger. Schulz and Waldinger (2005) make the important point that just as researchers can capitalize on the knowledge of experienced clinical observers…

  19. Reply to comment on "A simple model for the short-time evolution of near-surface current and temperature profiles"

    CERN Document Server

    Jenkins, A D; Jenkins, Alastair D.; Ward, Brian

    2005-01-01

    This is our response to a comment by Walter Eifler on our paper `A simple model for the short-time evolution of near-surface current and temperature profiles' (arXiv:physics/0503186, accepted for publication in Deep-Sea Research II). Although Eifler raises genuine issues regarding our model's validity and applicability, we are nevertheless of the opinion that it is of value for the short-term evolution of the upper-ocean profiles of current and temperature. The fact that the effective eddy viscosity tends to infinity for infinite time under a steady wind stress may not be surprising. It can be interpreted as a vertical shift of the eddy viscosity profile and an increase in the size of the dominant turbulent eddies under the assumed conditions of small stratification and infinite water depth.

  20. Reply to comment on 'Formation and characterization of nanotubes of La(OH){sub 3} obtained using porous alumina membranes'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez-Rovira, L; Sanchez-Amaya, J M; Boukha, Z; Botana, F J [Departamento de Ciencia de Materiales e Ingenieria Metalurgica y Quimica Inorganica, Laboratorio de Ensayos, Corrosion y Proteccion, Universidad de Cadiz, Lab. 712, CASEM, Avenida Republica Saharaui s/n, Puerto Real, E-11510 Cadiz (Spain); Lopez-Haro, M; Hungria, A B [Departamento de Ciencia de Materiales e Ingenieria Metalurgica y Quimica Inorganica, Grupo de Estructura y Quimica de Nanomateriales, Universidad de Cadiz, Facultad de Ciencias, Avenida Republica Saharaui s/n, Puerto Real, E-11510 Cadiz (Spain); Bernal, S [Departamento de Ciencia de Materiales e Ingenieria Metalurgica y Quimica Inorganica, Grupo de Quimica de Solidos y Catalisis, Universidad de Cadiz, Facultad de Ciencias, Avenida Republica Saharaui s/n, Puerto Real, E-11510 Cadiz (Spain)

    2010-02-26

    The authors are grateful for the opportunity to reply to the comments on our previous contribution (Gonzalez-Rovira et al 2008 Nanotechnology 18 495305). We would like to clarify some aspects regarding the aim of our studies along with the morphological, chemical and structural features of the nanomaterials synthesized. (reply)

  1. Reply to "Critical assessment of the current state of scientific knowledge, terminology, and research needs concerning the ecological effects of elevated atmospheric nitrogen deposition in China"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Fengxue; Zhang, Yuandong; Huang, Mei; Tao, Bo; Yan, Huimin; Guo, Rui; Li, Jie

    2017-03-01

    In their assessment, Pan et al. (2016) criticize that our estimation of 2.32 g N m-2 yr-1 in 2010 underestimates the total nitrogen (N) deposition amounts by a factor around two by comparing with the estimation of Xu et al. (2015). Our paper entitled "Nitrogen deposition and its effect on carbon storage in Chinese forests during 1981-2010" aims to evaluate the influence of elevated N deposition in China on carbon storage in forest ecosystems by using a process-based model. As limited by observed N deposition dataset availability, we developed a simple algorithm to evaluate the temporal and spatial variations in N deposition based on the relationships among N deposition, precipitation, N fertilizer use, and fuel consumption with reference to the method of Lin et al. (2000). Our results show that the rate of N deposition increased by 0.058 g N m-2 yr-1 between 1981 and 2010. The N deposition rate in 2010 was 2.32 g N m-2 yr-1, and it showed a large spatial variation from 0 to 0.25 g N m-2 yr-1 on the northwestern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to over 4.5 g N m-2 yr-1 in the southeastern China. We really underestimated the total N deposition in China because we were lack of dry deposition observation dataset in our research. However, we think Pan et al. (2016) overestimated the difference between our estimation and that in Xu et al. (2015). It should be encouraged to discuss the past and current status of N deposition in China based on both observation and simulation. All comments, assessments and suggestions contribute to promote the scientific understanding of N deposition and its influence on ecosystems.

  2. Implications of Current Reference Structures for Authority Work in Online Environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Mark R.; Taylor, Arlene G.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a study which examined (1) the percentage of personal and corporate name authority records in the Library of Congress authority file that do not contain any references, and (2) the percentage of references present on existing authority records that are not needed in an automatic right hand truncation, keyword searching environment. (CLB)

  3. Reply to Hansen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leibert, Todd W.

    2012-01-01

    Hansen (2012a) and the author are both concerned about trends in the counseling culture toward oversimplification. Their disagreement is, principally, about the locus of debate. The author responds to Hansen's counterarguments with the ultimate hope of transferring the focus from scientific ideology to economic realities pervading professional…

  4. The Value of Social Constructionism for the Counseling Profession: A Reply to Hansen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudes, James; Guterman, Jeffrey T.

    2007-01-01

    The authors reply to J. T. Hansen's (2005) call for the profession to revalue the inner subjective experiences (ISE) of clients. Hansen argued that social constructionism has influenced the decline of the counseling profession by obscuring its unique focus on ISE. The authors maintain that social constructionism is a useful framework for…

  5. Replies to Guala and Gallotti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Epstein Brian

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article responds to comments by Francesco Guala and Mattia Gallotti on The Ant Trap. In the replies, I address the relation of new advances in cognitive science to the study of collective attitudes, clarify distinct questions we might ask about grounding and about anchoring in social ontology, defend various forms of pluralism about grounds and about anchors, and discuss the type-token distinction as it applies to social entities.

  6. Joyce and Arko reply

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joyce, J.J.; Arko, A.J. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States))

    1993-02-22

    The authors continue to demonstrate the prediction by the Kondo model is inconsistent with their previous photoelectron spectroscopy data in cerium heavy[minus]fermion compounds, in response to the criticizers. (AIP)

  7. Iron Age Mediterranean Chronology : A Reply

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruins, Hendrik J.; Nijboer, Albert J.; van der Plicht, Johannes

    2011-01-01

    This article is a reply to the preceding rejoinder by Fantalkin et al., which they wrote in response to our article concerning radiocarbon dates of Iron Age sites in the Mediterranean region measured at Groningen (van der Plicht et al. 2009). We do not agree with much of their criticism. Our reply i

  8. Managerial accounting in local authorities : An overview of the current/real situation

    OpenAIRE

    Letort, Frederique

    2016-01-01

    This thesis raises the question of the appropriate type of management accounting in local government. Thepurpose of this research is to study how local authorities have been using managerial accounting. Originally,managerial accounting was meant for companies and using it for non-profit organizations, which have differentpurposes, is problematic. Studying the literature on this topic shows that the use of this management tool bylocal authorities since the 1980s has not been smooth, as it orig...

  9. Reply to "Comment on 'A Self-Consistent Model of the Interacting Ring Current Ions and Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron Waves, Initial Results: Waves and Precipitation Fluxes' and 'Self-Consistent Model of the Magnetospheric Ring Current and Propagating Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron Waves: Waves in Multi-Ion Magnetosphere' by Khazanov et al. et al."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khazanov, G. V.; Gamayunov, K. V.; Gallagher, D. L.; Kozyra, J. W.

    2007-01-01

    It is well-known that the effects of electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves on ring current (RC) ion and radiation belt (RB) electron dynamics strongly depend on such particle/wave characteristics as the phase-space distribution function, frequency, wavenormal angle, wave energy, and the form of wave spectral energy density. The consequence is that accurate modeling of EMIC waves and RC particles requires robust inclusion of the interdependent dynamics of wave growth/damping, wave propagation, and[ particles. Such a self-consistent model is being progressively developed by Khazanov et al. [2002, 2006, 2007]. This model is based on a system of coupled kinetic equations for the RC and EMIC wave power spectral density along with the ray tracing equations. Thome and Home [2007] (hereafter referred to as TH2007) call the Khazanov et al. [2002, 2006] results into question in their Comment. The points in contention can be summarized as follows. TH2007 claim that: (1) "the important damping of waves by thermal heavy ions is completely ignored", and Landau damping during resonant interaction with thermal electrons is not included in our model; (2) EMIC wave damping due to RC O + is not included in our simulation; (3) non-linear processes limiting EMIC wave amplitude are not included in our model; (4) growth of the background fluctuations to a physically significantamplitude"must occur during a single transit of the unstable region" with subsequent damping below bi-ion latitudes,and consequently"the bounce averaged wave kinetic equation employed in the code contains a physically erroneous 'assumption". Our reply will address each of these points as well as other criticisms mentioned in the Comment. TH2007 are focused on two of our papers that are separated by four years. Significant progress in the self-consistent treatment of the RC-EMIC wave system has been achieved during those years. The paper by Khazanov et al. [2006] presents the latest version of our model, and in

  10. The Incompatibility of Science and Religion Sustained: A Reply to Our Critics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahner, Martin; Bunge, Mario

    1996-01-01

    Replies to a number of criticisms by Tom Settle, Hugh Lacey, Michael Poole, Brian Woolnough, John Wren-Lewis, and Harold Turner in a series of comments on the authors' paper entitled "Is Religious Education Compatible with Science Education?" Offers counterarguments and clarifies certain misunderstandings to show that these criticisms…

  11. On the Diagnosis of Learning Disabilities in Gifted Students: Reply to Assouline et al. (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovett, Benjamin J.

    2011-01-01

    Gifted students often fail to achieve at a superior level in one or more academic areas. In this reply to an article by Assouline, Nicpon, and Whiteman, the author reviews various explanations for this phenomenon, including motivation/interest, learning opportunities, and error in measuring students' ability-achievement discrepancies. The author…

  12. Rabbit Ears Concepts of Water Lone Pairs: A Reply to Comments of Hiberty, Danovich, and Shaik

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clauss, A. D.; Ayoub, M.; Moore, J. W.; Landis, C. R.; Weinhold, F.

    2015-01-01

    This article is a response to a commentary entitled "Comment on 'Rabbit-Ears Hybrids, VSEPR Sterics, and Other Orbital Anachronisms': A Reply to a Criticism," which focuses on the fundamental question of whether there exists a unique set of supposedly "real," or "best," orbitals for a given molecule. The authors of…

  13. Cyprian Norwid’s emotionalism or symbolism? (a reply to Danuta Zamącińska’s approach to the poetry of the author of Vade-mecum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiesław Rzońca

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The polemical article addresses and questions the findings and determinations given by Zamącińska, who treats Norwid’s poetry as heavily marked emotionally which, according to the literary researcher and scholar, is decisive in assigning the poet to the generation of Romantics. Questioning the arguments given by Zamącińska, the present author points at a considerable decrease in individualism and direct expression in the writings of Norwid in favour of the so-called “quidamization”, i.e. a forming process of underdetermined man and “one of the may”. Concurrently, emotions find their way to the poetical image co-created by the description in which general notions constitute a substantial component. The poetics of conditionality, sensitivity to the changeability of the world and the momentous character of reality, and at the same time sensitivity to light, sphericity and multicolourness of poetical space are decisive in attributing the artistic workshop of Norwid to the aesthetics of the second half of the nineteenth century.

  14. Reply

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph O. Eastlack, Jr.; Ambar G. Rao

    1989-01-01

    Dodson (Dodson, J. 1989. Commentary on “Conducting advertising experiments in the real world: The Campbell Soup Company experience”. 72–73.) and McNiven (McNiven, M. A. 1989. Commentary on “Advertising experiments at the Campbell Soup Company”. 74–75.) have raised several interesting questions regarding our work. In this response, we would like to clarify some of the underlying issues.

  15. Reply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abriola, Linda

    2004-10-01

    The AGU Fellows Committee takes its role seriously and makes every effort to eliminate any bias in the Fellows selection process. Gender imbalance is an issue that continues to concern the committee. The following information may help put this problem into perspective. The total number of Fellows selected in any year cannot exceed 0.1% of the membership at the end of the previous year. For 2004 this limit was 41 Fellows. Although women represent 17% of the total AGU membership, the percent of members over the age of 40 that are women is only 11% (most Fellows are over 40 at election). The total number of women nominated was 13 (7% of nominations). The total number of men nominated was 127 (93% of nominations).

  16. 75 FR 29893 - Business Reply Mail Online Application Option

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ..., Domestic Mail Manual (DMM ) 507.9.3.2 and 507.9.5.2 to eliminate the option to obtain a Business Reply Mail (BRM) permit online. Additionally, the electronic version of PS Form 6805, Qualified Business Reply... 111 Business Reply Mail Online Application Option AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final...

  17. Authors' Reply to "Comments on "On a Misconception Involving

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Søren; Kleinman, Ralph E.

    1998-01-01

    A novel topology of a high power distributed amplifier (DA) in combination with a broadband impedance transformer is presented. The advantages of the proposed topology are explored analytically and verified by a full-wave 3D simulations. Stability of the high power DA is verified with the pole...

  18. The authors reply to "The Joys of Liquid Nitrogen"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, William T.; Gish, Thaddeus J.

    1997-06-01

    We thank Ronald C. Blatchley for his interpretation of experiment 3, "The Mysterious Liquid Drop", and for pointing out that the drop is a mixture containing nitrogen as well as oxygen. The liquid drop that forms at the bottom of the tube has a temperature of about -196 °C, the temperature of the boiling liquid nitrogen used to cool the tube. The air in the tube above the drop is very cold, and contains a large number of gaseous nitrogen and oxygen molecules having low kinetic energies and low molecular speeds. In addition, the density of the air above the drop is high relative to the warmer air outside of the tube, and the frequency of collision of gaseous nitrogen molecules with the drop's surface is high. Therefore, a significant number of gaseous nitrogen molecules would be expected to condense at the surface of the drop and be retained by dispersion forces. In addition to nitrogen and oxygen, we would expect the drop to contain other condensed substances such as argon and traces of higher-boiling noble gases. Argon would boil at -183 °C, prior to the oxygen boiling at -183 °C, as the tube is allowed to warm. The chemical behavior of the burning wood splint described in Blatchley's experiment is precisely what we observe when experiment 4, "A Familiar Chemical Change", is performed. Timing is indeed important. The glowing splint is extinguished if the test tube containing the drop is not allowed to warm in air for a short time. However, if we first warm the tube in the air for a few seconds and then insert the splint, the splint bursts into flame. His interpretation nicely explains these observations.

  19. A Review of the Multi-Authored Monograph “The Medical (Clinical Psychology Diagnosis: Current State and Prospects”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vachkov I.V.

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The monograph presents a number of articles written by leading domestic clinical psychologists on various issues connected with psychological diagnosis. The multi-authored monograph was written for the international research-to-practice conference “The medical (clinical psychology diagnosis: tradition and prospects”. The conference took place in Moscow on November 29-30, 2016. The book consists of the following sections: "Research methodology in clinical psychology", “The development of endogenous mental pathology diagnosis current trends”, “The development of clinical psychology diagnostics current trends: age aspects”, “The main problems of clinical-psychological prevention and rehabilitation”. The materials of the monograph may be interesting and useful for scientists, psychology lecturers, students and post-graduate students, as well as for specialists working in the field of public health, education and social support for the population.

  20. Reply to "A first principles derivation of the electromagnetic fields of a point charge in arbitrary motion"

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, Young-Sea

    2011-01-01

    We wish that this reply will initiate further examination on the currently-accepted formulation of electromagnetic radiation from an accelerated point charge. Further examination will at least clarify some ambiguities and misunderstanding in the current formulation, if the current formulation is indeed correct.

  1. 78 FR 44121 - FCC Extends Reply Comment Dates for Indecency Cases Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-23

    ... COMMISSION FCC Extends Reply Comment Dates for Indecency Cases Policy AGENCY: Federal Communications... concerns. Therefore, the extended deadline for filing reply comments is August 2, 2013. DATES: Reply... file reply comments on or before the date indicated on the first page of this document. Reply...

  2. Adequacy of authors’ replies to criticism raised in electronic letters to the editor: cohort study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delamothe, Tony; Godlee, Fiona; Lundh, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate whether substantive criticism in electronic letters to the editor, defined as a problem that could invalidate the research or reduce its reliability, is adequately addressed by the authors. Design Cohort study. Setting BMJ between October 2005 and September 2007. Inclusion criteria Research papers generating substantive criticism in the rapid responses section on bmj.com. Main outcome measures Severity of criticism (minor, moderate, or major) as judged by two editors and extent to which the criticism was addressed by authors (fully, partly, or not) as judged by two editors and the critics. Results A substantive criticism was raised against 105 of 350 (30%, 95% confidence interval 25% to 35%) included research papers, and of these the authors had responded to 47 (45%, 35% to 54%). The severity of the criticism was the same in those papers as in the 58 without author replies (mean score 2.2 in both groups, P=0.72). For the 47 criticisms with replies, there was no relation between the severity of the criticism and the adequacy of the reply, neither as judged by the editors (P=0.88 and P=0.95, respectively) nor by the critics (P=0.83; response rate 85%). However, the critics were much more critical of the replies than the editors (average score 2.3 v 1.4, Pcriticisms of their work, although they are not less likely to respond when criticisms are severe. Editors should ensure that authors take relevant criticism seriously and respond adequately to it. PMID:20699306

  3. Modeling tsunami damage in Aceh: a reply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Louis R. Iverson; Anantha M. Prasad

    2008-01-01

    In reply to the critique of Baird and Kerr, we emphasize that our model is a generalized vulnerability model, built from easily acquired data from anywhere in the world, to identify areas with probable susceptibility to large tsunamis--and discuss their other criticisms in detail. We also show that a rejection of the role of trees in helping protect vulnerable areas is...

  4. Reply to ‘Misconceptions indeed’

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fotou, N.; Abrahams, I.

    2016-11-01

    In a recent letter to the editor (2016 Phys. Educ. 51 066503), Schumayer and Scott raised concerns about one of the novel situations presented in our article titled 'Students’ analogical reasoning in novel situations: theory-like misconceptions or p-prims?' (2016 Phys. Educ. 51 044003). We greatly appreciate their interest in our study and in this reply we address the concerns raised.

  5. Blöte and Nienhuis reply

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blöte, H.W.; Nienhuis, B.

    1994-01-01

    A reply to the comment by Jané Kondev and Christopher L. Henley, Conformal Charge and Exact Exponents in the n=2 Fully Packed Loop Model, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2786 (1994) on Original: H. W. Blöte and B. Nienhuis, Fully packed loop model on the honeycomb lattice, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1372 (1994)

  6. More on monitoring forest habitats: reply to Cutini et al. 2016 e Angelini et al. 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urbinati C

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available More on monitoring forest habitats: reply to Cutini et al. 2016 e Angelini et al. 2016. The authors reply to the clarification notes by Angelini et al. (2016a and by Cutini et al. (2016 concerning the “Manuals for monitoring species and habitats of EC interest (Directive 92/43/CEE in Italy: habitats” (Angelini et al. 2016b. They discuss about the role of ecosystem monitoring, the inclusive/exclusive feature of the 9210* habitat, the lack of information on forest spatial and chronological structure. The authors conclude fostering a synergic approach between vegetation and forest science experts in order to provide new and more advanced tools for monitoring, analysis, conservation and management of forest ecosystems in a changing environment.

  7. Allocating the CO{sub 2} emissions of an oil refinery with Aumann-Shapley prices. A reply

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pierru, Axel [Economics Department, IFP, 228-232 Avenue Napoleon Bonaparte, 92852 Rueil-Malmaison (France)

    2010-05-15

    In this reply, I oppose and further debate some of the points raised in Mr. Tehrani's comment (2010). In addition, I show that, when dealing with short-run linear-programming models with not-adjusted-to-demand capacities, Aumann-Shapley prices can be considered as an attempt to recreate long-run marginal costs. (author)

  8. The contribution of the ECU to exchange rate stability. A reply

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. JAGER

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A brief reply to Sarcinelli’s criticism of the authors’ article The private ECU’s potential impact on Global and European exchange-rate stability (1988. The authors rebut the criticisms and seek to clarify their reasoning. They maintain their core hypothesis that the growth of the ECU does not necessarily enhance the stability of exchange rates but may lead to instability too.

  9. Reply to "Comment to a paper of M. Villata on antigravity"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villata, M.

    2012-01-01

    In this short paper we reply to the Comment by M.J.T.F. Cabbolet on Villata's theory of antigravity. The criticisms of methodological and ontological kind presented by that author come from a misinterpretation of some concepts, perhaps due to some lack of clarity or omission of details in Villata's original article. In order to clarify these points, here we provide additional explanations regarding the assumptions and results of the theory.

  10. Honorary authorship epidemic in scholarly publications? How the current use of citation-based evaluative metrics make (pseudo)honorary authors from honest contributors of every multi-author article.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovacs, Jozsef

    2013-08-01

    The current use of citation-based metrics to evaluate the research output of individual researchers is highly discriminatory because they are uniformly applied to authors of single-author articles as well as contributors of multi-author papers. In the latter case, these quantitative measures are counted, as if each contributor were the single author of the full article. In this way, each and every contributor is assigned the full impact-factor score and all the citations that the article has received. This has a multiplication effect on each contributor's citation-based evaluative metrics of multi-author articles, because the more contributors an article has, the more undeserved credit is assigned to each of them. In this paper, I argue that this unfair system could be made fairer by requesting the contributors of multi-author articles to describe the nature of their contribution, and to assign a numerical value to their degree of relative contribution. In this way, we could create a contribution-specific index of each contributor for each citation metric. This would be a strong disincentive against honorary authorship and publication cartels, because it would transform the current win-win strategy of accepting honorary authors in the byline into a zero-sum game for each contributor.

  11. A reply to the replies – Counterplea by Jake Lynch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jake Lynch

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the author responds to the counterpleas by David Loyn (“Good journalism or peace journalism?” and Thomas Hanitzsch (“It should be fair to criticize even noble ideas” published in the same issue of conflict & communication online (http://www.cco.regener-online.de/2007_2/inhalt6_2.htm.

  12. 37 CFR 4.4 - Invention promoter reply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Invention promoter reply. 4.4... COMMERCE GENERAL COMPLAINTS REGARDING INVENTION PROMOTERS § 4.4 Invention promoter reply. (a) If a submission appears to meet the requirements of a complaint, the invention promoter named in the complaint...

  13. Reply to Orrenius and Zavodny

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggs, Vernon M., Jr.

    2012-01-01

    On the fundamental conclusions, the positions argued by Pia Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny and the author's own are in essential agreement. The immigration policy of the United States is in dire need of changes. The public concern is, in their words, "driven by the increase in immigration in recent years, particularly of unauthorized…

  14. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-06

    Iraq in August 2014. Later in September, after laying out plans for expanded use of military force against the Islamic State in a televised speech...agenda, such authorization could prove to be far reaching. S.J.Res. 44 also authorizes the use of force to “protect individuals from acts of violence ...to protect individuals from acts of violence in clear contravention of international law and basic human rights” CRS-13 Provision H.R. 5415

  15. Specification of laboratory animal use in scientific articles: current low detail in the journals' instructions for authors and some proposals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfaro, V

    2005-09-01

    The scientific article communicates results of research to other investigators; therefore, it must contain a complete description of the experiment to help other researchers when designing their future investigations. However, poorly detailed data on laboratory animal use is given in published articles. Despite the well-known and important contribution of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to standardize scientific writing and submission of manuscripts to biomedical journals, no specific instructions on the reporting of animal use are given in the ICMJE Uniform Requirements and, therefore, most journals do not detail this to the authors. Individual efforts from groups like the Working Committee for the Biological Characterizations of Laboratory Animals, the Boyd Group, or the Committee on Publication Ethics are commendable. These contributions should be incorporated into the ICMJE Uniform Requirements and, later, into the Instructions for Authors of peer-reviewed journals. This would be the only efficient way to instruct authors on how to report laboratory animal use in their submitted manuscripts. The present article relates some proposals for helping authors when reporting animal use in scientific articles. These proposals are not only based on previous guidelines for animal specifications, but also on Instructions for Authors from journals specialized in Laboratory Animal Science. These proposals are classified into major and minor issues, and they are located in the corresponding parts of the article, as defined by the Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion (IMRAD) method. (c) 2005 Prous Science. All rights reserved.

  16. Dignity and death: a reply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, S A

    1985-01-01

    Some form of utilitarian approach can be discerned as underlying much current medical ethical decision-making. Criticisms of the practical effects of such an approach are not parried by asserting the fundamental strengths of utilitarianism as theory. PMID:4009639

  17. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-21

    based primarily on immediate protection of the United States, its personnel, or citizens. Thus, it can be argued that Article II alone might not...September 8, 2014 H.J.Res. 125 Authorization for Use of Military Force Against ISIL Resolution Representative Adam Schiff September 16, 2014 H.J.Res... application of existing AUMFs, the repeal 6 H.J.Res. 125 states that the limitation does not apply

  18. Remarks to Dr. Paul E. Tomaszewski’s comments on the research of Jan Czochralski’s curriculum vitae (a reply (in Polish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michał KOKOWSKI

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The author replies to the text entitled “Remarks to the comment by Prof.  Michal Kokowski on the research of Jan Czochralski’s biography” by Dr. Paweł E. Tomaszewski (2015, highlighting the key contentious issues, including the need to rely systematically on historical sources and the criticism thereof.

  19. Reading Research on Core Values, Christian Ethos and School Transformation at England's Most Improved Academy: A Reply to Bragg, Allington, Simmons and Jones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pike, Mark A.

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the author's reply to the comments of Bragg, Allington, Simmons and Jones to his article "Transaction and transformation at Trinity" (Pike, 2010) wherein he reported a case study of Trinity Academy, which serves a former mining community and social priority area near Doncaster in South Yorkshire. In 2008, just…

  20. Philosophy on steroids: a reply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacGregor, Oskar; McNamee, Mike

    2010-12-01

    Brent Kious has recently attacked several arguments generally adduced to support anti-doping in sports, which are widely supported by the sports medicine fraternity, international sports federations, and international governments. We show that his attack does not succeed for a variety of reasons. First, it uses an overly inclusive definition of doping at odds with the WADA definition, which has global, if somewhat contentious, currency. Second, it seriously misconstrues the position it attacks, rendering the attack without force against a more balanced construal of an anti-doping position. Third, it makes unwarranted appeals to matters Kious considers morally 'clear', while simultaneously attacking a position many others take to be equally morally 'clear', namely that of anti-doping. Such an inconsistency, attacking and appealing to the moral status quo as befits one's argument, is not acceptable without further qualification. Fourth, his position suffers from a general methodological flaw of over-reliance upon argumentation by analogy. Moreover, it is argued that the analogies, being poorly selected and developed, fail to justify his conclusion that the anti-doping lobby lacks philosophical and moral authority for its stance. These issues are symptomatic of a more fundamental problem: any attempt at providing a blanket solution to the question of whether doping is morally acceptable or not is bound to run up against problems when applied to highly specific contexts. Thus, rather than reaching any particular conclusion for or against doping products or processes in this article, we conclude that an increased context-sensitivity will result in a more evenhanded appraisal of arguments on the matter.

  1. Reply to Comment on "Flexible Asymmetric Supercapacitors Based on Nitrogen-Doped Graphene Hydrogels with Embedded Nickel Hydroxide Nanoplates".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Shaochun; Li, Dongdong; Meng, Xiangkang

    2017-05-22

    In this reply to the Comment by Dr. Sascha Vongehr, the other authors of "Flexible Asymmetric Supercapacitors Based on Nitrogen-Doped Graphene Hydrogels with Embedded Nickel Hydroxide Nanoplates" present a rebuttal and clarify their interpretations of the issues he raised, arguing that numerous surmises and misinterpretations were made in the previous Comment. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  2. Reply to Comment on Reply to Comment on `Perfect imaging without negative refraction'

    CERN Document Server

    Leonhardt, Ulf

    2010-01-01

    Kinsler and Favaro point out correctly that Blaikie's numerical solution of Maxwell's equations in Maxwell's fish eye is causal and hence valid, a solution where no perfect image is formed. It is wrong to conclude from the existence of a causal solution with perfect imaging that one without perfect resolution is not causal; both are allowed by causality. However, Maxwell's fish eye can still perfectly image, as the Reply shows.

  3. Limits of the current EU regulatory framework on GMOs: risk of not authorized GM event-traces in imports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roïz Julie

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Since their first commercialization in the 1990’s, the number of genetically modified organisms (GMOs cultivated around the world has steadily increased. This development has been accompanied by the development of regulatory and policy environments which vary from one country to another. Today, the European food and feed sectors are faced with the increasing risk of finding traces of not authorized GMOs in imports. Under the EU zero tolerance for unapproved GMOs, this situation may lead to trade disruptions with important cost implications. A regulatory environment which minimizes the risk of such disruption is therefore indispensable. To address this issue, the EU has adopted the “technical solution” but this remains insufficient to provide the necessary legal certainty which is needed to operate in such context. More comprehensive approaches are considered globally through low level presence policies.

  4. Reply to "Comment to a paper of M. Villata on antigravity"

    CERN Document Server

    Villata, M

    2011-01-01

    In this short paper we reply to the Comment [arXiv:1108.4543] by M. J. T. F. Cabbolet on Villata's theory of antigravity [arXiv:1103.4937]. The criticisms of methodological and ontological kind presented by that author come from a misinterpretation of some concepts, perhaps due to some lack of clarity or omission of details in Villata's original article. In order to clarify these points, here we provide additional explanations regarding the assumptions and results of the theory.

  5. Measurement of the refractive index of highly turbid media: reply to comment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calhoun, W; Maeta, H; Combs, A; Bali, L M; Bali, S

    2011-08-15

    Peiponen et al. [Opt. Lett.35, 4108 (2010)] have expressed concern that a theoretical model we proposed in Calhoun et al. [Opt. Lett.35, 1224 (2010)] for total internal reflection from a turbid medium may be inconsistent with the experimental data, in the sense that the model fails to take into account unexplained oscillations in our data. We show that their concern arises from misinterpretation of our data and theory, and is, therefore, unfounded. NOTE: Optics Letters apologizes to the authors for the delay in the publication of this Reply.

  6. On the epidemiology of influenza: reply to Radonovich et al

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scragg Robert

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract On the epidemiology of influenza: reply to Radonovich LJ, Martinello RA, Hodgson M, Milton DK, Nardell EA. Influenza and ultraviolet germicidal irradiation. Virol J. 2008, 5:149

  7. The outcome problem in psychotherapy: a reply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eysenck, H J

    2013-03-01

    This reprinted article originally appeared in Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, & Practice, 1964(MONTH), 1(3), 97-100. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 1966-01631-001). Comments on the original article by H. H. Strupp (see record 1965-15636-001). In his recent article in this journal, Strupp (1963) has this to say in relation to the outcome problem in psychotherapy: "A brief review of Eysenck's (1952) widely quoted survey, which capitalized upon and added considerably to the existing confusion may be instructive." In reply I would like to suggest that Strupp's review is, in the lawyer's phrase, irrelevant, incompetent and immaterial. Fortunately, the points I wish to make are so simple that they will not take up much space.

  8. [The current view of the diagnosis and management of amebiasis in the light of the authors own case reports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voldřich, M; Novotný, P; Tyll, T; Rudiš, J; Belšan, T; Hedlová, D; Stefanová, M

    2014-09-01

    This comprehensive review is focused on a serious protozoan disease, amebiasis. This disease is caused by the human parasite Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica), the second leading cause of mortality due to protozoan disease worldwide (the leading cause is malaria). The incidence of amebiasis in the Czech Republic is very low, but it may be underreported as the disease often escapes diagnosis. Intestinal colonisation by E. histolytica may be asymptomatic. The clinical picture ranges from diarrhea to colitis or fulminant colitis when the parasite progresses to the trophozoite stage. Secondary dissemination in the blood or lymph system may induce systemic signs of the disease. Liver abscess is the most common extraintestinal form of amebiasis. The diagnosis of intestinal amebiasis is based on the clinical picture and parasitological examination of the stool. To diagnose extraintestinal amebiasis, serology tests are used to detect antibodies in the blood. Recently, molecular methods have been increasingly used for the detection of the nucleic acids of the pathogen in biological specimens. The first line therapy for amebiasis are 5-nitroimidazole drugs, currently available in the Czech Republic. However, surgical intervention should also be considered in patients with a severe course of the disease. Included in the review are the case reports of patients with severe concomitant intestinal and extraintestinal amebiasis.

  9. Probability theory plus noise: Replies to Crupi and Tentori (2016) and to Nilsson, Juslin, and Winman (2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costello, Fintan; Watts, Paul

    2016-01-01

    A standard assumption in much of current psychology is that people do not reason about probability using the rules of probability theory but instead use various heuristics or "rules of thumb," which can produce systematic reasoning biases. In Costello and Watts (2014), we showed that a number of these biases can be explained by a model where people reason according to probability theory but are subject to random noise. More importantly, that model also predicted agreement with probability theory for certain expressions that cancel the effects of random noise: Experimental results strongly confirmed this prediction, showing that probabilistic reasoning is simultaneously systematically biased and "surprisingly rational." In their commentaries on that paper, both Crupi and Tentori (2016) and Nilsson, Juslin, and Winman (2016) point to various experimental results that, they suggest, our model cannot explain. In this reply, we show that our probability theory plus noise model can in fact explain every one of the results identified by these authors. This gives a degree of additional support to the view that people's probability judgments embody the rational rules of probability theory and that biases in those judgments can be explained as simply effects of random noise.

  10. Author Guidelines

    OpenAIRE

    Istadi Istadi

    2011-01-01

    AUTHOR GUIDELINES Indian Journal of Community Health (IJCH) accepts only online submission of manuscript(s) by using Open Journal software (OJS) at http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/login Online SubmissionsAlready have a Username/Password for Indian Journal of Community Health (IJCH)? GO TO LOGINNeed a Username/Password?GO TO REGISTRATIONNote: Registration and login are required to submit items online and to track the status of current submissions.Author GuidelinesIJCH strictly ...

  11. LETTERS AND COMMENTS: Reply to 'Noether's theorem once again'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinho, Rubens M., Jr.

    2009-09-01

    This reply answers the issues raised in the comment on my paper (Marinho Jr 2007 Eur. J. Phys. 28 37-43), obtains the Laplace-Runge-Lenz vector (Goldstein 2002 Classical Mechanics 3rd edn (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley)) using Noether's theorem and includes a Maple program used to derive the results.

  12. Patriotism, Peace and Poverty : Reply to Bernstein and Varden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kleingeld, Pauline

    2014-01-01

    In this essay I reply to Alyssa Bernstein and Helga Varden’s comments on my book, Kant and Cosmopolitanism. In response to Bernstein, I argue that Kant’s opposition to the coercive incorporation of states into an international federation should be interpreted as permitting no exceptions. In response

  13. 17. RMJ Oduor Eternal Damnation, a Reply to Karori Mbugua's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    REGINALDS

    their liking; what they can do is to accept or reject the doctrine of eternal damnation altogether .... be any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away." And He ... earthly life: and if you draw your base line askew, the whole solid will be in the ... their will", my reason replies "How if they will not give in? (Lewis.

  14. "Lone Wolves" and Collaboration: A Reply to Crippen & Robinson (2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowern, Claire; Warner, Natasha

    2015-01-01

    In this reply to Crippen & Robinson's (2013) contribution to "Language Documentation & Conservation," we discuss recent perspectives on "collaborative" linguistics and the many roles that linguists play in language communities. We question Crippen & Robinson's characterization of the state of the field and their…

  15. 20 CFR 901.39 - Reply to answer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reply to answer. 901.39 Section 901.39 Employees' Benefits JOINT BOARD FOR THE ENROLLMENT OF ACTUARIES REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE PERFORMANCE OF ACTUARIAL SERVICES UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974 Suspension or Termination...

  16. Patriotism, Peace and Poverty : Reply to Bernstein and Varden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kleingeld, Pauline

    2014-01-01

    In this essay I reply to Alyssa Bernstein and Helga Varden’s comments on my book, Kant and Cosmopolitanism. In response to Bernstein, I argue that Kant’s opposition to the coercive incorporation of states into an international federation should be interpreted as permitting no exceptions. In response

  17. Pragmatism in Progress: A reply to Radder, Colapietro and Pitt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keulartz, Joseph; Korthals, Michiel; Schermer, Maartje; Swierstra, Tjalling

    2004-01-01

    Hans Radder, Vincent Colapietro and Joseph Pitt have all raised interesting comments and concerns regarding the volume on pragmatist ethics. In our reply we will unfortunately not be able to address all of them equally extensive, but we will single out what we perceive to be the running threads thro

  18. Critical Exchange: Avoiding Schooling Taboos--A Reply to Rasmussen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, Julian

    2017-01-01

    This paper is a reply to Mary L. Rasumussen's paper, "Critical Exchange: Religion and Schooling: What Should Their Relationship Be?" In this paper, Julian Stern makes three claims: (1) the need for a messy conversation; (2) the need to include "whole" people in schools; and (3) the need to consider existentially significant…

  19. Reply to "Comment on `Generalized exclusion processes: Transport coefficients' "

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arita, Chikashi; Krapivsky, P. L.; Mallick, Kirone

    2016-07-01

    We reply to the Comment of Becker, Nelissen, Cleuren, Partoens, and Van den Broeck [Phys. Rev. E 93, 046101 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevE.93.046101] on our article [Arita, Krapivsky, and Mallick, Phys. Rev. E 90, 052108 (2014), 10.1103/PhysRevE.90.052108] about the transport properties of a class of generalized exclusion processes.

  20. Reply to "Comment on `Lattice determination of Sigma - Lambda mixing' "

    CERN Document Server

    Horsley, R; Nakamura, Y; Perlt, H; Pleiter, D; Rakow, P E L; Schierholz, G; Schiller, A; Stüben, H; Zanotti, J M

    2015-01-01

    In this Reply, we respond to the above Comment. Our computation [Phys. Rev. D 91 (2015) 074512] only took into account pure QCD effects, arising from quark mass differences, so it is not surprising that there are discrepancies in isospin splittings and in the Sigma - Lambda mixing angle. We expect that these discrepancies will be smaller in a full calculation incorporating QED effects.

  1. Reply to the Critics: On Challenging Ideal Types.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nerone, John C.

    1987-01-01

    Presents a reply to the critics of his essay (this issue). Indicates that recent histories have strengthened the monopoly that the penny press has achieved in the discussion of journalism history in the 1830s and beyond, often while reasserting questionable claims about market structure, readership, political stance, and national and historical…

  2. Evaluation of Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler to Measure Discharge at New York Power Authority's Niagara Power Project, Niagara Falls, New York

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zajd, Henry J.

    2007-01-01

    The need for accurate real-time discharge in the International Niagara River hydro power system requires reliable, accurate and reproducible data. The U.S. Geological Survey has been widely using Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCP) to accurately measure discharge in riverine channels since the mid-1990s. The use of the ADCP to measure discharge has remained largely untested at hydroelectric-generation facilities such as the New York Power Authority's (NYPA) Niagara Power Project in Niagara Falls, N.Y. This facility has a large, engineered diversion channel with the capacity of high volume discharges in excess of 100,000 cubic feet per second (ft3/s). Facilities such as this could benefit from the use of an ADCP, if the ADCP discharge measurements prove to be more time effective and accurate than those obtained from the flow-calculation techniques that are currently used. Measurements of diversion flow by an ADCP in the 'Pant Leg' diversion channel at the Niagara Power Project were made on November 6, 7, and 8, 2006, and compared favorably (within 1 percent) with those obtained concurrently by a conventional Price-AA current-meter measurement during one of the ADCP measurement sessions. The mean discharge recorded during each 2-hour individual ADCP measurement session compared favorably with (3.5 to 6.8 percent greater than) the discharge values computed by the flow-calculation method presently in use by NYPA. The use of ADCP technology to measure discharge could ultimately permit increased power-generation efficiency at the NYPA Niagara Falls Power Project by providing improved predictions of the amount of water (and thus the power output) available.

  3. Omissions about the sources of contaminant emissions and depositions - A reply to comments on Taylor, M.P., Davies, P.J., Kristensen, L.J., Csavina, J., 2014. Licenced to pollute but not to poison: The ineffectiveness of regulatory authorities at protecting public health from atmospheric arsenic, lead and other contaminants resulting from mining and smelting operations. Aeolian Research, 14, 35-52

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, M. P.; Kristensen, L. J.; Davies, P. J.; Csavina, J.; Mackay, A. K.; Munksgaard, N. C.; Hudson-Edwards, K. A.

    2015-06-01

    We would like to thank Dr Wilson for increasing the interest in our 2014 Aeolian Research study along with our other articles that he referred to in his letter to the journal. Before we tackle the specifics of his letter, we would like to inform the readers that our response is inclusive of several other authors whose Mount Isa research was referred to in Dr Wilson's letter.

  4. AUTHOR GUIDELINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available AUTHOR GUIDELINESIndian Journal of Community Health (IJCH accepts only online submission of manuscript(s by using Open Journal software (OJS at http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/loginOnline SubmissionsAlready have a Username/Password for Indian Journal of Community Health (IJCH? GO TO LOGINNeed a Username/Password?GO TO REGISTRATIONNote: Registration and login are required to submit items online and to track the status of current submissions.Author GuidelinesIJCH strictly adheres on the recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals as per the standard universal guidelines given by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE - Recommendations for Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. Authors are requested to visit http://www.icmje.org/index.html before making online submission of their manuscript(s.SectionsEditorial:On issues of current public health needAbout 1000 – 1200 wordsReferences: 5 – 10 (PubMed - Citation preferredInvited Commentary:Brief, provocative, opinionated communicationsOn issues of current public health needMain Text: 750-1000 words excluding referencesReferences: 5 – 10 (PubMed - Citation preferredOriginal Article:Articles from Original ResearchStructured abstract: 250 wordsMain Text: 2500 - 3000 words, IMRD formatKey Words: 5 - 8References: 20 – 25 (PubMed - Citation preferredTables / Figures: 3 – 4*Certificate of clearance from respective Institutional Ethical Committee (IECReview Article:On subject of public health relevanceAbstract: 250 wordsMain Text: 2500 - 3000 wordsKey Words: 3 - 4References: 20 – 25 (PubMed - Citation preferredTables / Figures: 3 – 4Short Communication / Article:Short report of a research project / outbreakMain Text : 1000 – 1200 wordsReferences: 10 – 15 (PubMed - Citation preferredTable / Figure: 01*Certificate of clearance from respective Institutional Ethical Committee (IECReport from the field

  5. Reply to comment on 'Lost in translation: topological singularities in group field theory'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gurau, Razvan, E-mail: rgurau@perimeterinstitute.ca [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline St. N, ON, N2L 2Y5 Waterloo (Canada)

    2011-09-07

    In Smerlak (2011 Class. Quantum. Grav. 28 178001) the author disputes the conclusion of our paper (Gurau 2010 Class. Quantum Grav. 27 235023). He claims that the Feynman graphs of three-dimensional group field theory always represent pseudo-manifolds. However, - Smerlak (2011) uses a different definition for pseudo-manifolds. - In order to apply the new definition Smerlak (2011) proposes a construction which cannot be implemented in a path integral by Feynman rules. These two points invalidate the claims of Smerlak (2011). (reply)

  6. Global economic burden of schizophrenia: response to authors’ reply

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neil AL

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Amanda L Neil,1 Vaughan J Carr2,3 1Menzies Institute for Medical Research, The University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, 2Research Unit for Schizophrenia Epidemiology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 3Department of Psychiatry, School of Clinical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, AustraliaFor clarification, we undertook bottom-up costing using individual participant data from the Low Prevalence Disorders Study in our costing study.1 We did not use the data reported in the study by Carr et al2 as asserted by Chong et al.3 Chong et al have thus misunderstood and thus misrepresented our methodology in both their systematic review4 and their response to our letter.5 Authors' reply  Huey Yi Chong,1 Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk1–41School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Center of Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research (CPOR, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand; 3School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA; 4School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia We thank Dr Neil and Professor Carr for their clarification on the data source used in their study.1 In this regard, we would like to highlight one of the most common challenges when conducting any systematic review, for example economic burden of schizophrenia in this case – the marked diversity in reporting among the included studies, which increases the likelihood of any potential misinterpretation. In convergence with a number of published systematic reviews of economic burden studies,2–5 there has been a consistent call for a more explicit reporting in various aspects of an economic burden study, thus readability and transparency can be enhanced. However, a standardized guide/checklist for conducting and reporting economic burden is yet to be available. On the final note, we strongly urge for the development of such a guidance document

  7. Feeling without Thinking? Reply to Zajonc

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Malley, Michael

    1981-01-01

    Criticizes Zajonc's thesis that in the course of forming impressions, preferences, and attitudes, feelings can sometimes precede associated cognitions. Zajonc's claim that sometimes affect is precognitive is said to be inadequate on both logical and empirical grounds. (Author/CM)

  8. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available AUTHOR GUIDELINES Indian Journal of Community Health (IJCH accepts only online submission of manuscript(s by using Open Journal software (OJS at http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/login Online SubmissionsAlready have a Username/Password for Indian Journal of Community Health (IJCH? GO TO LOGINNeed a Username/Password?GO TO REGISTRATIONNote: Registration and login are required to submit items online and to track the status of current submissions.Author GuidelinesIJCH strictly adheres on the recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals as per the standard universal guidelines given by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE - Recommendations for Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. Authors are requested to visit http://www.icmje.org/index.html before making online submission of their manuscript(s. http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/manuscript-preparation/preparing-for-submission.html Preparing for SubmissionGeneral PrinciplesReporting GuidelinesManuscript SectionsTitle PageAbstractIntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussionReferencesTablesIllustrations (FiguresUnits of MeasurementAbbreviations and Symbols 1. General PrinciplesThe text of articles reporting original research is usually divided into Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections. This so-called “IMRAD” structure is not an arbitrary publication format but a reflection of the process of scientific discovery. Articles often need subheadings within these sections to further organize their content. Other types of articles, such as meta-analyses, may require different formats, while case reports, narrative reviews, and editorials may have less structured or unstructured formats.Electronic formats have created opportunities for adding details or sections, layering information, cross-linking, or extracting portions of articles in electronic versions. Supplementary electronic

  9. Kant, curves and medical learning practice: a reply to Le Morvan and Stock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ives, J

    2007-02-01

    In a recent paper published in the Journal of Medical Ethics, Le Morvan and Stock claim that the kantian ideal of treating people always as ends in themselves and never merely as a means is in direct and insurmountable conflict with the current medical practice of allowing practitioners at the bottom of their "learning curve" to "practise their skills" on patients. In this response, I take up the challenge they issue [corrected] and try to reconcile this conflict. The kantian ideal offered in the paper is an incomplete characterisation of Kant's moral philosophy, and the formula of humanity is considered in isolation without taking into account other salient kantian principles. I also suggest that their argument based on "necessary for the patient" assumes too narrow a reading of "necessary". This reply is intended as an extension to, rather than a criticism of, their work.

  10. From mirror-touch synesthesia to models of vicarious experience: A reply to commentaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Jamie; Banissy, Michael J

    2017-10-01

    In this reply to the eight commentaries to our article, we discuss three important challenges. First, we discuss the relationship of mirror-touch to other forms of synesthesia. We note that synesthetic experiences are generally not mistaken as veridical but this does not mean that they lack percept-like qualities. We acknowledge that neither Threshold Theory nor Self-Other Theory offer a direct account of other forms of synesthesia, although we discuss how the latter could. Second, we discuss alternative explanations. Notably predictive coding offers a different way of framing our current theory, and extending it to related phenomena. Finally, we discuss how mirror-touch synesthesia may relate to other atypical experiences of body ownership such as the rubber hand illusion, and somatoparaphrenia.

  11. Is EBE theory supported by the evidence? Is it androcentric? A reply to Peplau et al. (1998)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bem, D J

    1998-04-01

    In their critique of the author's Exotic-Becomes-Erotic (EBE) theory of sexual orientation (D. J. Bem, 1996), L. A. Peplau, L. D. Garnets, L. R. Spalding, T. D. Conley, and R. C. Veniegas (1998) challenge his reading of the evidence concerning the antecedents of sexual orientation; they also contend that the theory neglects women's experiences. In reply, the author argues that L. A. Peplau et al. have misunderstood the critical antecedent variable of the theory and, hence, have misidentified the particular empirical findings that would serve to confirm or disconfirm its central contentions. The author also argues that the sex differences they cite are not relevant to the theory, whereas an important sex difference they do not cite is actually anticipated by it.

  12. Reply to ``Remarks on the simulation of Cl electrosorption on Ag(100) reported in Electrochimica Acta 50 (2005) 5518"

    CERN Document Server

    Rikvold, P A; Hamad, I A; Mitchell, S J; Brown, G; Wandlowski, Th.

    2006-01-01

    We reply to remarks by Lang and Horanyi on the meaning of the notion of "electrosorption valency" used in I. Abou Hamad et al., Electrochim. Acta 50 (2005) 5518. It is concluded that, contrary to the assertion of Lang and Horanyi, the magnitude of the current in the external circuit upon adsorption of an ion of charge ze with partial charge transfer is indeed given by an electrosorption valency gamma such that |gamma e| < |ze|. We believe the conclusion of Lang and Horanyi to the contrary is the result of an excessively severe charge-neutrality requirement.

  13. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2015-12-01

    either an electronic bibliographic source, such as PubMed, or print copies from original sources. Authors are responsible for checking that none of the references cite retracted articles except in the context of referring to the retraction. For articles published in journals indexed in MEDLINE, the ICMJE considers PubMed the authoritative source for information about retractions. Authors can identify retracted articles in MEDLINE by searching PubMed for "Retracted pub¬lication [pt]", where the term "pt" in square brackets stands for publication type, or by going directly to the PubMed's list of retracted publications.References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in parentheses.References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used for MEDLINE (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals. Journals vary on whether they ask authors to cite electronic references within parentheses in the text or in numbered references following the text. Authors should consult with the journal to which they plan to submit their work.ii. Reference Style and Format References should follow the standards summarized in the NLM's International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals: Sample References webpage and detailed in the NLM's Citing Medicine, 2nd edition. These resources are regularly updated as new media develop, and currently include guidance for print documents; unpublished material; audio and visual media; material on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk; and material on the Internet.h. TablesTables capture information concisely and display it efficiently; they

  14. 48 CFR 6103.304 - Reply to the audit division and agency responses [Rule 304].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reply to the audit... the audit division and agency responses . A claimant may file with the Board and serve on the Audit Division and the agency a reply to the Audit Division and agency responses within 30 calendar days after...

  15. 76 FR 10628 - International Product Change-International Business Reply Service Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE International Product Change--International Business Reply Service Contract AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Notice... International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 to the Competitive Products List pursuant to 39...

  16. Paradigms and pragmatic constructivism: a reply

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørreklit, Hanne; Nørreklit, Lennart; Mitchell, Falconer

    2010-01-01

    to the analysis of the comment on their past paper. Findings - In addressing each of the issues in turn the authors clarify their analysis. Originality/value - The paper provides an argument for the development of a paradigm for accounting practice derived from the use of pragmatic constructivism....

  17. Global economic burden of schizophrenia: response to authorsreply

    OpenAIRE

    Neil AL; Carr VJ

    2017-01-01

    Amanda L Neil,1 Vaughan J Carr2,3 1Menzies Institute for Medical Research, The University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, 2Research Unit for Schizophrenia Epidemiology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 3Department of Psychiatry, School of Clinical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, AustraliaFor clarification, we undertook bottom-up costing using individual participant data from the Low Prevalence Disorders Study in our costing study.1 We did not use the data reported in the st...

  18. Maternal antibiotic use and risk of asthma in offspring--Authors' reply

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, Hans; Stokholm, Jakob; Sevelsted, Astrid

    2014-01-01

    We thank Martin J Blaser and Maria Bello for their interest in our study.1 Our original discovery of an association between use of antibiotics in pregnancy and an offspring's risk of asthma was replicated in the COPSAC2000 birth cohort and another Danish birth cohort, as well as in national...... registries.2,3 We interpreted this association between use of antibiotics in pregnancy and the child's risk of asthma as one that was mediated through changes in the microbiome. In our study we aimed to test this hypothesis by investigating the temporal associations between maternal antibiotics and childhood...

  19. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal Home > Advanced Search > Author Details ... Intra‑Operative Airway Management in Patients with Maxillofacial Trauma having Reduction and ... Clinical Parameters and Challenges of Managing Cervicofacial Necrotizing Fasciitis in a ...

  20. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal Home > Advanced Search > Author Details. Log in or ... Difficult airway management in a patient with giant malignant goitre scheduled for thyroidectomy - case report ... Airway Management Dilemma in a Patient with Maxillofacial Injury

  1. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal Home > Advanced Search > Author Details ... Sequencing for Batch Production in a Group Flowline Machine Shop ... Sampling Plans for Monitoring Quality Control Process at a Plastic Manufacturing Firm in Nigeria: A Case Study

  2. Authoring tool evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilson, A.L.; Klenk, K.S.; Coday, A.C.; McGee, J.P.; Rivenburgh, R.R.; Gonzales, D.M.; Mniszewski, S.M.

    1994-09-15

    This paper discusses and evaluates a number of authoring tools currently on the market. The tools evaluated are Visix Galaxy, NeuronData Open Interface Elements, Sybase Gain Momentum, XVT Power++, Aimtech IconAuthor, Liant C++/Views, and Inmark Technology zApp. Also discussed is the LIST project and how this evaluation is being used to fit an authoring tool to the project.

  3. Respect My Authority

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Gorman

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Some simple modifications to VuFind, an open source library resource portal, improve the retrieval of both lists of works and information about authors from Wikipedia. These modifications begin to address ways that current "next-generation" catalogs fail to fully harness all of the bibliographic tools available for indexing and presenting author information. Simple methods such as those described in this article, which make use of full headings for authors, can offer marked improvements to these systems.

  4. On Responsibility and Authority

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ahaus, Kees; van de Water, Henricus

    1994-01-01

    Defining authorities is a topic of current interest in quality management. One of the conditions in the ISO 9000-series deals with this topic. In this paper we will first examine the concepts of authority and responsibility, which are not at all univocally defined in organization literature. We will

  5. A Reply to ''Reinterpretation of Students' Ideas When Reasoning about Particle Model Illustrations. A Response to ''Using Animations in Identifying General Chemistry Students' Misconceptions and Evaluating Their Knowledge Transfer Relating to Particle Position in Physical Changes'' by Smith and Villarreal (2015)''

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, K. Christopher; Villarreal, Savannah

    2015-01-01

    In this reply to Elon Langbeheim's response to an article recently published in this journal, authors Smith and Villarreal identify several types of general chemistry students' misconceptions concerning the concept of particle position during physical change. They focus their response on one of the misconceptions identified as such: Given a solid…

  6. A Reply to ''Reinterpretation of Students' Ideas When Reasoning about Particle Model Illustrations. A Response to ''Using Animations in Identifying General Chemistry Students' Misconceptions and Evaluating Their Knowledge Transfer Relating to Particle Position in Physical Changes'' by Smith and Villarreal (2015)''

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, K. Christopher; Villarreal, Savannah

    2015-01-01

    In this reply to Elon Langbeheim's response to an article recently published in this journal, authors Smith and Villarreal identify several types of general chemistry students' misconceptions concerning the concept of particle position during physical change. They focus their response on one of the misconceptions identified as such: Given a solid…

  7. The wagnerian element that is not mix in Nietzsche. Reply to Teodoro Mora paper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Javier Torija Rodríguez

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Reply to the above article entitled " Nietzsche, Euripides, Diogenes: the “impossible dialogue” about the inversion of values from the Greek demythologization to the modern secularization " and published in this Issue

  8. Reply to Comment on `Formation of bound states of electrons in spherically symmetric oscillations of plasma'

    CERN Document Server

    Dvornikov, Maxim

    2011-01-01

    I reply here to the comment of Dr Shmatov on my recent work and demonstrate the invalidity of his criticism of the classical physics description of the formation of bound states of electrons participating in spherically symmetric oscillations of plasma.

  9. Reply to the comment on "Rainfall erosivity in Europe" by Auerswald et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panagos, Panos; Meusburger, Katrin; Ballabio, Cristiano; Borrelli, Pasquale; Beguería, Santiago; Klik, Andreas; Rymszewicz, Anna; Michaelides, Silas; Olsen, Preben; Tadić, Melita Perčec; Aalto, Juha; Lakatos, Mónika; Dumitrescu, Alexandru; Rousseva, Svetla; Montanarella, Luca; Alewell, Christine

    2015-11-01

    Recently, in the Auerswald et al. (2015) comment on "Rainfall erosivity in Europe", 5 criticisms were addressed: i) the neglect of seasonal erosion indices, ii) the neglect of published studies and data, iii) the low temporal resolution of the data, especially of the maximum rain intensity, iv) the use of precipitation data instead of rain data and the subsequent deviation of the R-factor in Germany and Austria compared with previous studies, and v) the differences in considered time periods between countries. We reply as follows: (i) An evaluation of the seasonal erosion index at the European scale is, to our knowledge, not achievable at present with the available data but would be a future goal. Synchronous publication of the seasonal erosion index is not mandatory, specifically because seasonal soil loss ratios are not available at this scale to date. We are looking forward to the appropriate study by the authors of the comment, who assert that they have access to the required data. (ii) We discuss and evaluate relevant studies in our original work and in this reply; however, we cannot consider what is not available to the scientific community. (iii) The third point of critique was based on a misunderstanding by Auerswald et al. (2015), as we did indeed calculate the maximum intensity with the highest resolution of data available. (iv) The low R-factor values in Germany and the higher values in Austria compared with previous studies are not due to the involvement of snow but are rather due to a Pan-European interpolation. We argue that an interpolation across the borders of Austria creates a more reliable data set. (v) We agree that the use of a short time series or time series from different periods is generally a problem in all large-scale studies and requires improvement in the future. However, because this affects countries with a rather low variability of the R-factor in our study, we are confident that the overall results of the map are not biased. In

  10. What Weak Measurements and Weak Values Really Mean: Reply to Kastner

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Eliahu

    2017-06-01

    Despite their important applications in metrology and in spite of numerous experimental demonstrations, weak measurements are still confusing for part of the community. This sometimes leads to unjustified criticism. Recent papers have experimentally clarified the meaning and practical significance of weak measurements, yet in Kastner (Found Phys 47:697-707, 2017), Kastner seems to take us many years backwards in the the debate, casting doubt on the very term "weak value" and the meaning of weak measurements. Kastner appears to ignore both the basics and frontiers of weak measurements and misinterprets the weak measurement process and its outcomes. In addition, she accuses the authors of Aharonov et al. (Ann Phys 355:258-268, 2015) in statements completely opposite to the ones they have actually made. There are many points of disagreement between Kastner and us, but in this short reply I will leave aside the ontology (which is indeed interpretational and far more complex than that described by Kastner) and focus mainly on the injustice in her criticism. I shall add some general comments regarding the broader theory of weak measurements and the two-state-vector formalism, as well as supporting experimental results. Finally, I will point out some recent promising results, which can be proven by (strong) projective measurements, without the need of employing weak measurements.

  11. [Euthanasia, assisted suicide, and the principle of double effect: a reply to Rodolfo Figueroa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Alejandro M

    2012-02-01

    The purpose of this paper is to defend the traditional application of the principle of double effect as a criterion for assessing the permissibility of actions that have as their common aim to end the suffering of seriously ill patients. According to this principle, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide are always illicit acts, while the same is not said for other actions that bring about patient's death as a foreseen effect, namely, palliative treatments that hasten death or failure or interruption of life support. The reason for this difference is that, in the first two cases, the patient's death is intended as a means of pain relief; whereas, in the latter two, death is only a side effect of a medical act, an act justifiable if it is necessary to achieve a proportionate good. In a recent issue of this Journal, Professor Rodolfo Figueroa denied the soundness of the principle of double effect and maintained that all actions described above should be considered equivalent in law enforcement. Here, the author presents a reply to that argument, and also offers a justification of the afore said principle's core, that is, the moral and legal relevance of the distinction between intended effects and foreseen side effects.

  12. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education.To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system:First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page.Second page and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion.Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1         INTRODUCTION1.1      Subheading of the Content 1.1.1   Subheading of the Content  For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table.For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure.The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples: Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v. whole-class activities. Retrieved October 1, 2012 from http://www

  13. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education.To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system:First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page.Second page and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion.Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1         INTRODUCTION1.1      Subheading of the content 1.1.1   Subheading of the content  For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table.For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure.The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples: Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v. whole-class activities. Retrieved October 1, 2012 from http://www

  14. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education.To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system:First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page.Second page and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion.Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1         INTRODUCTION1.1      Subheading of the content 1.1.1   Subheading of the content  For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table.For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure.The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples: Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v. whole-class activities. Retrieved October 1, 2012 from http://www

  15. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education. To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system: First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page. Second p age and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion. Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Subheading of the Content 1.1.1 Subheading of the Content For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table. For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure. The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples:   Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v. whole-class activities. Retrieved October 1, 2012 from http://www.teachingenglish.org

  16. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education. To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system: First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page. Second page and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion. Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Subheading of the content 1.1.1 Subheading of the content For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table. For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure. The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples: Back Matter| 79 80 | STUDIES IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND EDUCATION, Volume 1, Number 1, March 2014 Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v

  17. Prey perception in feeding-current feeding copepods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiørboe, Thomas; Goncalves, Rodrigo J.; Florian Couespel, Damien

    2016-01-01

    We reply to the comments of Paffenhöfer and Jiang () who argues that remote chemical prey perception is necessary for feeding-current feeding copepods to fulfill their nutritional requirements in a dilute ocean, that remote chemical prey detection may only be observed at very low prey concentrati...

  18. The Effect of Timing of Female Vibrational Reply on Male Signalling and Searching Behaviour in the Leafhopper Aphrodes makarovi.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anka Kuhelj

    Full Text Available Sexual communication in animals often involves duetting characterized by a coordinated reciprocal exchange of acoustic signals. We used playback experiments to study the role of timing of a female reply in the species-specific duet structure in the leafhopper Aphrodes makarovi (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae. In leafhoppers, mate recognition and location is mediated exclusively by species- and sex-specific substrate-borne vibrational signals and a female signal emitted in reply to male advertisement calls is essential for recognition and successful location of the female. In A. makarovi, males have to initiate each exchange of vibrational signals between partners, and in a duet the beginning of a female reply overlaps the end of the male advertisement call. Results of playback treatments in which female replies were delayed and did not overlap with the male call revealed that in order to trigger an appropriate behavioural response of the male, female reply has to appear in a period less than 400 ms after the end of the initiating male call. Results also suggest that males are not able to detect a female reply while calling, since female reply that did not continue after the end of male call triggered male behaviour similar to behaviour observed in the absence of female reply. Together, our results show that vibrational duets are tightly coordinated and that the species-specific duet structure plays an important role in mate recognition in location processes.

  19. 76 FR 18811 - Submission for Review: Letter Reply To Request for Information (RI 20-64), Former Spouse Survivor...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ... MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: Letter Reply To Request for Information (RI 20-64), Former Spouse Survivor Annuity Election (RI 20-64A), Information on Electing a Survivor Annuity for Your Former Spouse (RI 20-64B... Reply to Request for Information, RI 20-64, and Former Spouse Survivor Annuity Election, RI 20-64A....

  20. Personality Traits Change in Adulthood: Reply to Costa and McCrae (2006)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Brent W.; Walton, Kate E.; Viechtbauer, Wolfgang

    2006-01-01

    In a response to comments by P. T. Costa, Jr., and R. R. McCrae on the current authors' original article, the authors show that Costa and McCrae's writings on personality suggest a belief in immutability of personality traits. The authors agree with Costa and McCrae that new personality trait models that provide an accurate lower order structure…

  1. REPLY: Reply to comment on 'Surface thermodynamics and surface stress for deformable bodies'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olives, Juan

    2010-10-01

    The above comment and a previous letter by the same author reveal a great misunderstanding of what Eulerian and Lagrangian quantities are, and a confusion between the deformation of an element of a surface and the creation of a new element of a surface. Surface thermodynamics is complex because the surface quantities are not 'intuitive' (as surface excesses on some dividing surface) and the thermodynamic variables of the state of a surface are a priori completely unknown. This is why we introduced a new concept ('ideal transformation') and presented detailed proof, leading to the determination of the 'local' thermodynamic variables of the state of the surface, the exact expression of the work of deformation of the surface, and the definition of surface stress, for any deformable body (Olives 2010 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 085005). These results are not obvious (despite their similarity with some expressions in volume thermodynamics). We explicitly write the Eulerian forms of (i) the relation between the surface grand potential per unit area, the surface stress and the surface strain, showing its exact equivalence with the Lagrangian form, and (ii) the variation of the surface energy due to both the deformation of an element of the surface and the creation of a new element of the surface.

  2. Basic elements of an international terrestrial reply following the detection of a signal from extraterrestrial intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reijnen, G. C. M.

    the Earth and its inhabitants, such a protocol cannot be formulated better than at present, when no such detection has been made as yet. Before a protocol can be formulated, however, a great many questions must be answered at least tentatively, e.g. the following ones: - What are the astronomical, exobiological and philosophical probabilities that a signal from extraterrestrial intelligence will be detected and recognized as such? - Which person(s) will, in all likelihood, be the one(s) to detect such a signal? - What should be the criteria to identify an extraterrestrial signal as intelligent? - To which person(s) should the establishment and application of such criteria be entrusted? - If a signal is identified beyond doubt as intelligent, which person(s) should undertake to decipher its contents and to establish whether the signal was accidentally received on Earth, or premeditatedly sent to Earth? - Which person(s) should determine the distance from Earth of the transmitter of the signal? - Depending on the answers to the latter two questions: what actions should be taken, and by whom? The present paper offers some replies to these, and other related questions. Following the resume of the replies, the main conclusions of the paper regarding an outline of the proposed protocol are that: 1. The scope of the protocol must be international. 2. An international forum, or committee, representing the entire world population in this matter should be established. 3. The competence and authority of the forum, or committee, should include the opportunity to decide that no activities following the detection of a signal from extraterrestrial intelligence shall be undertaken. 4. If the forum, or committee, decides that a return signal shall be sent, the forum or committee should have the authority to decide upon the contents as well as upon the means of transmission of the return signal.

  3. Reply to Comments on "Stored energies and radiation Q"

    CERN Document Server

    Geyi, Wen

    2015-01-01

    It will be shown that the comment [1] contains numerous errors, misconceptions, inaccuracies, false assumptions, misunderstandings and unjustified claims. The analysis of the comment is built on a false assumption that the terminal current of an antenna fed by a waveguide is independent of frequency. This false assumption arises from the misunderstandings on the basic theory of transmission lines and misconceptions of normalization for a linear system. As a result, all the equations obtained from the assumption in the comment are incorrect, and the related discussions are untruthful. The delta gap source modeling has been abused in the comment, and this is reflected in the numerical results in the comment that give rise to negative stored energy. The main results of the commented paper have been misinterpreted by the authors of the comment, and the related analysis is established on illogical reasoning. The comment fails to pinpoint any errors in the commented paper. Instead, it reveals that the main results ...

  4. Reply to “Comment on the ‘Ground Water Chemistry Changes before Major Earthquakes and Possible Effects on Animals’, by R. A. Grant, T. Halliday, W. P. Balderer, F. Leuenberger, M. Newcomer, G. Cyr and F. T. Freund. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2011, 8, 1936–1956” from Friedemann Freund, Rachel Grant and Co-Authors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel A. Grant

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available We fully agree with Dr. Vassiliki Katsika-Tsigourakou that there is more than one possible explanation for the wide range of electromagnetic (EM field bioeffects reported in the literature. In order to generate EM fields electric currents need to flow that oscillate. Currents that flow through the ground also generate electrical potentials. Such potentials can lead to electrochemical reactions at ground-water interfaces such as the demonstrated oxidation of water to hydrogen peroxide [1]. EM emissions and electrochemical reactions are therefore manifestations of the same physical process in the natural environment. [...

  5. Cui prodest libraries authority work?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Turbanti

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Eleven years ago, in Florence, during an international conference on authority control, many experts reflected on this important aspect of cataloguing. This paper looks at the current state of authority work and try to conceive some cues to reshape authority control. Libraries can afford this costly process only in cooperation with other partners, especially cultural and research institutions but also publishers, local governments and other interested subjects. Two examples of successful partnership are the Social Networks and Archival Context Project and the well-known Virtual International Authority File. An opportunity for libraries could be also to extend authority control to wide bibliographic databases that abound with homonymies

  6. Reply to "Comment on 'Performance of Halbach magnet with finite coercivity'"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Insinga, Andrea Roberto; Bahl, Christian; Bjørk, Rasmus

    2017-01-01

    We reply to Dr. Xu's comment on our paper 'Performance of Halbach magnet arrays with finite coercivity' (JMMM 407 (2016), 369-376). Contrary to Dr. Xu's objections we show that the procedure employed by us correctly accounts for the shape effects of the magnet elements. We show that the partial d...

  7. Science in Counseling Psychology: Reply to Gelso (1991) and Patton and Jackson (1991).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strong, Stanley R.

    1991-01-01

    Replies to responses to article on theory-driven science and naive empiricism in counseling psychology. Notes that cycle of scientific work entails both context of testing and of discovery. Sees work in context of discovery receiving little emphasis in scientific training. Sees differences in approaches to discovery related to subjectivism versus…

  8. Level of Construal, Mind Wandering, and Repetitive Thought: Reply to McVay and Kane (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Edward R.

    2010-01-01

    In this reply to the comment of McVay and Kane (2010), I consider their argument concerning how Watkins's (2008) elaborated control theory informs their perspective on the role of executive control in mind wandering. I argue that although in a number of places the elaborated control theory is consistent with the perspective of McVay and Kane that…

  9. Commentary on Reviews of James Tooley's "The Beautiful Tree" and Tooley's Reply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yagnamurthy, Sreekanth; Tooley, James

    2011-01-01

    In this commentary Yagnamurthy raises several issues such as right to education, English as the medium of instruction, and quality of education in low-fee and unrecognized schools. Also, Yagnamurthy is of the view that both public and private sectors need to endeavor for equitable participation of all children in education. Tooley replies.

  10. Reply to 'Noether's theorem once again'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marinho, Rubens M Jr [Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica (Brazil)], E-mail: marinho@ita.br

    2009-09-15

    This reply answers the issues raised in the comment on my paper (Marinho Jr 2007 Eur. J. Phys. 28 37-43), obtains the Laplace-Runge-Lenz vector (Goldstein 2002 Classical Mechanics 3rd edn (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley)) using Noether's theorem and includes a Maple program used to derive the results. (letters and comments)

  11. Reply to Comment on 'Scalar calibration of vector magnetometers' by V.G.Semenov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Merayo, José M.G.; Brauer, Peter; Primdahl, Fritz;

    2003-01-01

    This is a reply to a comment on our paper [1]. The comment suggests an inconsistency in the relation between the magnetic field and the magnetometer measurements. This is resolved, once the existence of two physically different sensor systems is appreciated, as has also been discussed in some...

  12. The Psycho-Lexical Approach in Exploring the Field of Values : A reply to Schwartz

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Raad, Boele; Timmerman, Marieke E.; Morales-Vives, Fabia; Renner, Walter; Barelds, Dick P.H.; van Oudenhoven, Jan Pieter

    2017-01-01

    We reply to each of the issues raised by Schwartz in a commentary on our article on a comparison of value taxonomies. We discuss two approaches, mentioned in that commentary, the lexical approach and the theory-driven approach, especially with respect to their capacities in covering the domain of

  13. The Complex and Elusive Nature of Religious Prosociality: Reply to Myers (2012) and Saroglou (2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galen, Luke W.

    2012-01-01

    This reply explores issues raised in comments by Myers (2012) and Saroglou (2012) on Galen (2012) regarding whether religiosity has any influence on prosociality. Areas of contention include (a) the distinction between religious belief and other influences, mainly the socialization effects of group behavior; (b) whether behavior largely restricted…

  14. Efficient Algorithms for Parsing the DOP Model? A Reply to Joshua Goodman

    CERN Document Server

    Bod, R

    1996-01-01

    This note is a reply to Joshua Goodman's paper "Efficient Algorithms for Parsing the DOP Model" (Goodman, 1996; cmp-lg/9604008). In his paper, Goodman makes a number of claims about (my work on) the Data-Oriented Parsing model (Bod, 1992-1996). This note shows that some of these claims must be mistaken.

  15. Hitting Reply: A Qualitative Study to Understand Student Decisions to Respond to Online Discussion Postings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Diane D.; Storberg-Walker, Julia; Stone, Sophia J.

    2008-01-01

    Providing tools for dialogue exchange does not ensure that students will respond to team mate postings or that online groups will grow in cohesiveness. Students decide whether or not to reply, and it is increasingly important to understand how students make these decisions due to the increase in distance education, millenials, and asynchronous…

  16. On Frank Ankersmit's postmodernist theory of historical narrativity - Reply to Professor Saari

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ankersmit, FR

    2005-01-01

    In my reply I focus on Professor Saari's criticism of my views on the notions of historical truth, reference and meaning. I argue that the commonsense conceptions of truth and reference as used by Professor Saari are insufficient for achieving a correct understanding of the writing of history and th

  17. Quantitative comparison of analysis methods for spectroscopic optical coherence tomography: reply to comment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosschaart, Nienke; van Leeuwen, Ton; Aalders, Maurice C.G.; Faber, Dirk

    2014-01-01

    We reply to the comment by Kraszewski et al on “Quantitative comparison of analysis methods for spectroscopic optical coherence tomography.” We present additional simulations evaluating the proposed window function. We conclude that our simulations show good qualitative agreement with the results of

  18. Psychology and the criminal justice system: A reply to Haney and Zimbardo

    OpenAIRE

    Lykken, David T.

    1999-01-01

    A reply to Haney & Zimbardo's recent article in the American Psychologist in which they claim that America's crime problem would be largely solved if the criminal justice system had only taken heed of the lessons learned decades ago in the Stanford Prison Project.

  19. Cognitive Processes, Trauma, and Dissociation--Misconceptions and Misrepresentations: Reply to Bremner (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giesbrecht, Timo; Lynn, Steven J.; Lilienfeld, Scott O.; Merckelbach, Harald

    2010-01-01

    In a recent review (Giesbrecht, Lynn, Lilienfeld, & Merckelbach, 2008), we critically evaluated the research literature on cognitive processes in dissociation. In a comment, Bremner (2010) has voiced reservations about our contention that evidence for the causal role of trauma in dissociation is limited. In this reply, we argue that Bremner's…

  20. Only three personality factors are fully replicable across languages : Reply to Ashton and Lee

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Raad, Bode; Barelds, Dick P. H.; Mlacic, Boris; Church, A. Timothy; Katigbak, Marcia S.; Ostendorf, Fritz; Hrebickova, Martina; Di Bias, Lisa; Szirmak, Zsofia; Mlačić, B.; Hřebíčková, M.; Di Blas, L.

    2010-01-01

    We reply to Ashton and Lee's (2010) comments on our paper on the cross-cultural replicability of trait factors (De Raad et al., 2010). More specifically, we comment on the interpretation of congruence coefficients, the distinction between Agreeableness and Honesty-Humility in three languages, and th

  1. Religion, Reason and Non-Directive Teaching: A Reply to Trevor Cooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hand, Michael

    2014-01-01

    In other work I have argued that decisions about what to teach directively and what non-directively should be governed by an epistemic criterion. Trevor Cooling has recently advanced some objections to my defence and application of the epistemic criterion and proposed an alternative to it. Here I reply to his objections and comment on his proposed…

  2. A Reply to Critiques of Some Issues in the Psychology of Mathematics Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gage, Robert M.

    1983-01-01

    Gagne's reply to critiques by Wachsmuth and by Steffe and Blake notes that their approaches are from different points of view. He urges that mathematics educators examine critically the view that understanding involves some aspects of the structure of mathematics. (MNS)

  3. Reply to Jongschaap et al.: The water footprint of Jatropha curcas under poor growing conditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoekstra, A.Y.; Gerbens-Leenes, P.W.; Van der Meer, T.H.

    2009-01-01

    Hoekstra, A.Y, Gerbens-Leenes, W. and Van der Meer, T.H., 2009. Reply to Jongschaap et al.: The water footprint of Jatropha curcas under poor growing conditions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS), 106 (42), E119

  4. Hitting Reply: A Qualitative Study to Understand Student Decisions to Respond to Online Discussion Postings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Diane D.; Storberg-Walker, Julia; Stone, Sophia J.

    2008-01-01

    Providing tools for dialogue exchange does not ensure that students will respond to team mate postings or that online groups will grow in cohesiveness. Students decide whether or not to reply, and it is increasingly important to understand how students make these decisions due to the increase in distance education, millenials, and asynchronous…

  5. Assessment of REPLI-g Multiple Displacement Whole Genome Amplification (WGA) Techniques for Metagenomic Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahsanuddin, Sofia; Afshinnekoo, Ebrahim; Gandara, Jorge; Hakyemezoğlu, Mustafa; Bezdan, Daniela; Minot, Samuel; Greenfield, Nick; Mason, Christopher E

    2017-04-01

    Amplification of minute quantities of DNA is a fundamental challenge in low-biomass metagenomic and microbiome studies because of potential biases in coverage, guanine-cytosine (GC) content, and altered species abundances. Whole genome amplification (WGA), although widely used, is notorious for introducing artifact sequences, either by amplifying laboratory contaminants or by nonrandom amplification of a sample's DNA. In this study, we investigate the effect of REPLI-g multiple displacement amplification (MDA; Qiagen, Valencia, CA, USA) on sequencing data quality and species abundance detection in 8 paired metagenomic samples and 1 titrated, mixed control sample. We extracted and sequenced genomic DNA (gDNA) from 8 environmental samples and compared the quality of the sequencing data for the MDA and their corresponding non-MDA samples. The degree of REPLI-g MDA bias was evaluated by sequence metrics, species composition, and cross-validating observed species abundance and species diversity estimates using the One Codex and MetaPhlAn taxonomic classification tools. Here, we provide evidence of the overall efficacy of REPLI-g MDA on retaining sequencing data quality and species abundance measurements while providing increased yields of high-fidelity DNA. We find that species abundance estimates are largely consistent across samples, even with REPLI-g amplification, as demonstrated by the Spearman's rank order coefficient (R(2) > 0.8). However, REPLI-g MDA often produced fewer classified reads at the species, genera, and family level, resulting in decreased species diversity. We also observed some areas with the PCR "jackpot effect," with varying input DNA values for the Metagenomics Research Group (MGRG) controls at specific genomic loci. We visualize this effect in whole genome coverage plots and with sequence composition analyses and note these caveats of the MDA method. Despite overall concordance of species abundance between the amplified and unamplified samples

  6. Assessment of REPLI-g Multiple Displacement Whole Genome Amplification (WGA) Techniques for Metagenomic Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahsanuddin, Sofia; Afshinnekoo, Ebrahim; Gandara, Jorge; Hakyemezoğlu, Mustafa; Bezdan, Daniela; Minot, Samuel; Greenfield, Nick; Mason, Christopher E.

    2017-01-01

    Amplification of minute quantities of DNA is a fundamental challenge in low-biomass metagenomic and microbiome studies because of potential biases in coverage, guanine-cytosine (GC) content, and altered species abundances. Whole genome amplification (WGA), although widely used, is notorious for introducing artifact sequences, either by amplifying laboratory contaminants or by nonrandom amplification of a sample’s DNA. In this study, we investigate the effect of REPLI-g multiple displacement amplification (MDA; Qiagen, Valencia, CA, USA) on sequencing data quality and species abundance detection in 8 paired metagenomic samples and 1 titrated, mixed control sample. We extracted and sequenced genomic DNA (gDNA) from 8 environmental samples and compared the quality of the sequencing data for the MDA and their corresponding non-MDA samples. The degree of REPLI-g MDA bias was evaluated by sequence metrics, species composition, and cross-validating observed species abundance and species diversity estimates using the One Codex and MetaPhlAn taxonomic classification tools. Here, we provide evidence of the overall efficacy of REPLI-g MDA on retaining sequencing data quality and species abundance measurements while providing increased yields of high-fidelity DNA. We find that species abundance estimates are largely consistent across samples, even with REPLI-g amplification, as demonstrated by the Spearman’s rank order coefficient (R2 > 0.8). However, REPLI-g MDA often produced fewer classified reads at the species, genera, and family level, resulting in decreased species diversity. We also observed some areas with the PCR “jackpot effect,” with varying input DNA values for the Metagenomics Research Group (MGRG) controls at specific genomic loci. We visualize this effect in whole genome coverage plots and with sequence composition analyses and note these caveats of the MDA method. Despite overall concordance of species abundance between the amplified and unamplified

  7. On the Origins of Contrastive Rhetoric: A Reply to Matsuda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ying, H. G.

    2001-01-01

    Reacts to comments made by Paul Matsuda about an article written by the author that investigated sex and language proficiency differences in the color-naming performance of Chinese-speaking English learners at the university level. (Author/VWL)

  8. Reply to "Comment on "Benefits of Completing Homework for Students with Different Aptitudes in an Introductory Electricity and Magnetism Course""

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kontur, F. J.; de La Harpe, K.; Terry, N. B.

    2016-01-01

    We reply to Rieger, Reinsberg, and Wieman's forgoing Comment [Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res., Comment on "Benefits of completing homework for students with different aptitudes in an introductory electricity and magnetism course" 12, 028001 (2016)].

  9. Reply to Comment on ‘Development of a primary standard for absorbed dose from unsealed radionuclide solutions’

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billas, I.; Shipley, D.; Galer, S.; Bass, G.; Sander, T.; Fenwick, A.; Duane, S.; Smyth, V.

    2017-08-01

    This article is a reply to the comment from Ross (2017 Metrologia 54 610) on our paper (Billas et al 2016 Metrologia 53 1259) ‘Development of a primary standard for absorbed dose from unsealed radionuclide solutions’.

  10. Reply to Comment on 'Solution of the Duffing-van der Pol oscillator equation by the differential transform method'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mukherjee, Supriya, E-mail: supriya_ju@yahoo.com [Department of Mathematics, Swami Vivekananda Institute for Science and Technology, Kolkata-700145 (India)

    2011-09-15

    In our recent paper entitled 'Solution of the Duffing-van der Pol oscillator equation by the differential transform method' (2011 Phys. Scr. 83 015006), we have tried to implement a relatively new exact series method of solution known as the differential transform method for solving one of the widely studied and challenging equations in nonlinear dynamics: the Duffing-van der Pol oscillator equation. The author of the Comment (2011 Phys. Scr. 84 037002) on our paper argues that our example is of scarce physical utility and that the differential transform method is merely the well known Taylor series method. In response to the criticisms in the Comment, we show that our example is well supported by the differential transform method and the criticisms lack sufficient scientific grounds. (reply to comment)

  11. 再论行政发包制:对评论人的回应%Rethinking Administrative Subcontract:Reply

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周黎安

    2014-01-01

    This piece serves as a response to the comments on my paper“Administrative Subcontract” made by Zhou Xueguang ,Zhang Jing ,Cao Zhenghan ,and Feng Shizheng .My reply focuses both on their critical comments and suggestions . Our differences center on such issues as the definition , content ,and causes of administrative subcontract system ,the definition and implications of ruling risks ,and authority allocation between the principal and the agent .In the reply I try to clarify the confusions and explain the reasons why we differ in these matters and indicate my stance . Following the commentators’ critical comments and suggestions ,I also discuss the possibilities and directions for further improvement of the administrative subcontract theory . In the conclusion ,I propose three criteria for a good theory and highlight the importance of interdisciplinary academic exchange and interaction in developing a good theory .%本文对周雪光、张静、曹正汉和冯仕政四位教授的评论文章进行了回应。笔者的回应侧重在各位评论人提出的带有批判性质的意见和建议上。笔者和评论人的分歧主要集中在行政发包制的界定、内涵和形成原因、统治风险的内涵和影响、发包人和承包人的权力配置等问题上,对于这些问题,笔者试图做进一步的澄清和解释。鉴于评论人的批评建议,本文也讨论了行政发包制未来可以进一步扩展和完善的领域。最后,笔者提出了一个好的理论的三个标准,并讨论了跨学科交流对于发展好理论的重要意义。

  12. The Cambridge Primary Review: A Reply to R. J. Campbell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The author was disappointed by R. J. Campbell's sour critique of the Cambridge Primary Review in "FORUM" Volume 52 Number 1 2010. His description of the Review's proposals on curriculum and pedagogy as "backward-looking, cumbersome and partial" is such a bizarre misjudgement that it calls for some response. The author comments in turn on R. J.…

  13. Utopian Totalism versus Utopian Realism: A Reply to Darren Webb

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpin, David

    2009-01-01

    Over one half of Darren Webb's article on the concept of utopia in contemporary educational theory (Webb, 2009) reviews critically the "utopian realist" approach the author has advocated in various publications about education over the past nine years. The conception of utopianism to which the author subscribes also stresses the role of patient…

  14. The Cambridge Primary Review: A Reply to R. J. Campbell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The author was disappointed by R. J. Campbell's sour critique of the Cambridge Primary Review in "FORUM" Volume 52 Number 1 2010. His description of the Review's proposals on curriculum and pedagogy as "backward-looking, cumbersome and partial" is such a bizarre misjudgement that it calls for some response. The author comments in turn on R. J.…

  15. Natural Decompositions of Perceived Transparency: Reply to Albert (2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Barton L.; Singh, Manish; O'Vari, Judit

    2008-01-01

    In M. Singh and B. L. Anderson, the authors proposed a model based on ratios of Michelson contrasts to explain how human observers quantitatively scale the perceived opacity of transparent surfaces. In subsequent work by B. L. Anderson, M. Singh, & J. Meng, the authors found that this model failed to generalize to other contexts and replaced it…

  16. Reply to comment of Bister and co-authors on the critique of the dissipative heat engine

    CERN Document Server

    Makarieva, Anastassia M; Li, Bai-Lian; Nobre, Antonio Donato

    2010-01-01

    The dissipative heat engine (DHE) is based on a Carnot cycle with external heat Qin received at temperature Ts and released at To < Ts. In contrast to the classical Carnot engine, mechanical work Ad in the DHE is not exported to external environment but dissipates to heat within the engine. Makarieva et al. (2010, hereafter MGLN) asserted that the laws of thermodynamics prohibit an increase of Ad beyond the Carnot limit: Ad <= epsilon Qin, epsilon = (Ts - To)/Ts. Bister et al. (2010, hereafter BRPE) counterargued that such an increase is possible and that hurricanes can be viewed as a natural DHE. Here we show that the arguments of BRPE are not consistent with the energy conservation law and thus do not refute MGLN's claims.

  17. Author reply: Steven A. Nissman - Electronic Health Records (Ophthalmology, Volume 116, Issue 5, May 2009, Pages 1018-1019)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chiang, Michael F.; Boland, Michael V.; Margolis, James W.; Lum, Flora; Abramoff, M.D.; Hildebrand, P. Lloyd

    2009-01-01

    We respect the thoughtfulness that Dr. Nissman invested into his decision-making process, and completely agree with his observation that implementation of electronic health record (EHR) systems may present difficulties for small ophthalmology practices. The low rate of EHR adoption in our survey and

  18. Clinical Document Architecture integration system to support patient referral and reply letters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sung-Hyun; Song, Joon Hyun; Kim, Il Kon; Kim, Jeong-Whun

    2016-06-01

    Many Clinical Document Architecture (CDA) referrals and reply documents have been accumulated for patients since the deployment of the Health Information Exchange System (HIES) in Korea. Clinical data were scattered in many CDA documents and this took too much time for physicians to read. Physicians in Korea spend only limited time per patient as insurances in Korea follow a fee-for-service model. Therefore, physicians were not allowed sufficient time for making medical decisions, and follow-up care service was hindered. To address this, we developed CDA Integration Template (CIT) and CDA Integration System (CIS) for the HIES. The clinical items included in CIT were defined reflecting the Korean Standard for CDA Referral and Reply Letters and requests by physicians. CIS integrates CDA documents of a specified patient into a single CDA document following the format of CIT. Finally, physicians were surveyed after CIT/CIS adoption, and they indicated overall satisfaction.

  19. The Dangers of Dichotomy: A Reply to Hulstijn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bialystok, Ellen

    1990-01-01

    By presenting two theories of first and second language learning dichotomously, their fundamental similarity as information-processing theories is obscured and details of both positions are misrepresented. (Author/MSE)

  20. Spaceport Florida Authority: Business Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    The Spaceport Florida Authority (SFA) was established under Florida Statute by the Governor and Legislature to assist the development of our nation's space transportation industry and to generate new space-related jobs, investment and opportunities statewide. Included in the Authorities' business plan is the statement of work and list of team members involved in creating the report, SFA's current operating concept, market analysis, assessment of accomplishments, a sample operating concept and a "roadmap to success".

  1. INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>GENERAL INFORMATION World Journal of Radiology(World J Radiol,WJR,online ISSN 1949-8470,DOI:10.4329)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJR covers topics concerning diagnostic radiology,radiation oncology,radiologic physics,neuroradiology,nuclear radiology,pediatric radiology,vascular/interventional radiology,medical imaging achieved by various modalities and related methods analysis.The current columns of WJR include editorial,frontier,diagnostic advances,therapeutics advances,field of vision,mini-reviews,review,topic highlight,medical ethics,original articles,case report,clinical case conference(clinicopathological conference),and autobiography.We encourage authors to submit their manuscripts to WJR.We

  2. Bayesian eggs and Bayesian omelettes: reply to Stern

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klugkist, I.G.; Laudy, O.; Hoijtink, Herbert

    2005-01-01

    In this response to Stern’s (2005) discussion of Klugkist, Laudy, and Hoijtink (2005), model inference based on posterior probabilities on the parameter space is discussed. Furthermore, the authors respond to Stern’s example in which all possible orderings are included via a short discussion of expl

  3. Great Books, Reform, and the Catholic Educational Tradition: A Reply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, John

    1981-01-01

    Responds to an article on St. Thomas Aquinas College's Great Books Curriculum (EJ 240 962). Endorses the program's aims of using Great Books as a means to truth, not as an end in themselves, but feels that the approach is too narrow and too reliant upon authority and that it fails to develop complex thinking and knowing methods. (DMM)

  4. Reply to Rejoinder: Teaching in Class versus Free Expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen-Almagor, Raphael

    2008-01-01

    Terry Heinrichs's rejoinder (in this issue, p169) criticizes this author and the Canadian boards of education for firing Malcolm Ross and Paul Fromm. In essence, Heinrichs agrees that the firing of James Keegstra was justified, as Keegstra brought his hatred into his classroom. Heinrichs thinks the case is very different when hate mongers preach…

  5. George Orwell, 'Seeing' and 'Saying': A Reply to Francis Dunlop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenzie, P.

    1982-01-01

    Dunlop (Journal of Philosophy of Education; v14 p178 1980) suggests that people give up their capacity for independent judgment in face of coercive public standards. The author agrees, but believes Dunlop's appeal to intuition should be replaced with an appeal to universal criteria of rationality. (KC)

  6. Commercializing the CSIR and the death of Science reply

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Toerien, DF

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available welcome constructive criticism of CSIR, the authors will show that many of the facts presented by Lutjeharms and Thompson are either erroneous or open to different interpretation, that they selective quote from the literature to support a particular point...

  7. Authorizing the Foreign Language Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxim, Hiram H.

    1998-01-01

    Reviews current practices in foreign-language teaching in light of Bourdieu's theories of language and power to show how failing to assess discursive intent prevents students from understanding strategic use of language. Bordieu's model is then proposed as the basis for pedagogy that authorizes students to use their existing cognitive skills in…

  8. 76 FR 39261 - Tennessee Valley Authority Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ...). ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Tennessee Valley Authority is amending its regulations which currently.... 1301.63 Senior agency official. 1301.64 Original classification authority. 1301.65 Derivative... authority. Sec. 1301.65 Derivative classification. (a) In accordance with Part 2 of Executive Order...

  9. Instructions for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>1. Items of the paper Title, author’s name and working unit,abstract, key words, text andreference.2. Author and working unitEntitled authors should be those involved in the research and wouldbe able to answer

  10. Instructions for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>1. Items of the paper Title, author’s name and working unit,abstract, key words, text and reference.2. Author and working unit Entitled authors should be those involved in the research and would

  11. Reply to “Introducing International Journal of Anatomical Variations”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Potu BK

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available To the Editor, International Journal of Anatomical Variations:Please accept my heartiest congratulations on your recent opening of International Journal of Anatomical Variations Journal. I have already gone through the articles of first volume. It was surprised to read some of the unique variations published in it. Reading of these variations by vascular surgeons and angiologist will certainly boost their knowledge for better diagnosis and I hope you will continue publishing these types of rare variations. It would be great, if you encourage authors to submit research related articles. It is obvious that you have a wide-open future ahead of you.

  12. Communication of authority

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holt, Else Kragelund

    2009-01-01

    The Book of Jeremiah emphasises that the prophet has his authority from God, who communicated this authority to the prophet by calling him. Being invested with divine authority, the prophet was disjuncted from the people, but conjuncted with God, in a process where the divine word is closely......, in which form....

  13. Authority in Engineering Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephan, Karl D.

    2012-01-01

    Authority as a philosophical concept is defined both in general and as it applies to engineering education. Authority is shown to be a good and necessary part of social structures, in contrast to some cultural trends that regard it as an unnecessary and outmoded evil. Technical, educational, and organizational authority in their normal functions…

  14. Author! Author! Making Kids Laugh: Jon Scieszka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2004-01-01

    This article presents a brief biography of author Jon Scieszka, best known for his first published title, "The True Story of the Three Little Pigs!" which has become a modern classic. The publication of this creative and inventive title led to the numerous fractured fairy tales published since its release in 1989. His books have received numerous…

  15. Benjamin Franklin and Colonial Money: A Reply to Michener and Wright—Yet Again

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FARLEY GRUBB

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Michener and Wright (2006c repeat their ad hominem attack on me—repeat in that they offer little that is new or original. They simply rearrange and re-cloth their prior material and present it again. Much of their rearrangement consists of rhetorical games—clever attempts to mislead the reader without being de jure dishonest. As in my past replies (Grubb 2005, 2006a, I will present new research—crafted here to reveal Michener and Wright’s attacks yet again for what they really are.

  16. Lessons of spin and torsion: Reply to "Consistent coupling to Dirac fields in teleparallelism"

    CERN Document Server

    Obukhov, Yu N; Obukhov, Yu.N.

    2004-01-01

    In reply to the criticism made by Mielke in the pereceding Comment [Phys. Rev. D69 (2004) 128501] on our recent paper, we once again explicitly demonstrate the inconsistency of the coupling of a Dirac field to gravitation in the teleparallel equivalent of general relativity. Moreover, we stress that the mentioned inconsistency is generic for {\\it all} sources with spin and is by no means restricted to the Dirac field. In this sense the $SL(4,R)$-covariant generalization of the spinor fields in the teleparallel gravity theory is irrelevant to the inconsistency problem.

  17. Reply to 'Calculation of depth to detachment and its significance in the Kuqa Depression: A discussion'

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Yixin; Tang Liangjie; He Chunbo; Chen Xuyun

    2009-01-01

    This paper mainly replies to the discussion by Li et al (2009) on the calculation of the detachment depths in the Kuqa Depression. We think that viscous material flowing into or out of the cross section can affect the validity of the calculation method, yet the number of detachment levels does not bring any drawbacks to the calculation. In the Kuqa Depression, the salt flow influenced the structural deformation to some extent, and affected slightly the accuracy of the calculated depths of the true detachment levels. However, it does not mean that the calculation method loses effectiveness in the study area. Therefore, the calculation results are still relatively believable.

  18. Reply to Commentators: Scientific and Everyday Theories are of a Piece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwitzgebel, Eric

    Since I cannot in the space allotted address the full range of issues raised in these commentaries, I will focus my attention primarily on one point of difference, regarding the distinction between scientific and everyday theorizing, that fundamentally separates my approach from the approaches of Duschl et al., Gilbert, and Ohlsson (but not, I think, Hewson and Lemberger). At the end of this reply I will briefly address Hewson''s and Lemberger''s commentary and make a few remarks about the increasingly popular term ''model''.

  19. For balance in the historiography of psychology: Reply to Brock (2017).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovett, Benjamin J

    2017-05-01

    Adrian Brock (2017) critiques my article (Lovett, 2006) on the new history of psychology. However, his critique repeatedly misrepresents my views. Moreover, he misrepresents the views of some new historians of psychology. I use a variety of examples from his paper to illustrate his misrepresentations, and I reply on each of these points. I conclude by reflecting more broadly on the issues raised by historiographic debates, especially with reference for the future of the history of psychology in psychology departments. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  20. Reply to 'Comment on 'Heavy element production in inhomogeneous big bang nucleosynthesis''

    CERN Document Server

    Matsuura, Shunji; Hashimoto, Masa-aki; Sato, Katsuhiko

    2007-01-01

    This is a reply report to astro-ph/0604264. We studied heavy element production in high baryon density region in early universe astro-ph/0507439. However it is claimed in astro-ph/0604264 that small scale but high baryon density region contradicts observations for the light element abundance or in order not to contradict to observations high density region must be so small that it cannot affect the present heavy element abundance. In this paper we study big bang nucleosynthesis in high baryon density region and show that in certain parameter spaces it is possible to produce enough amount of heavy element without contradiction to CMB and light element observations.

  1. INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    World Journal of Biological Chemistry(World J Biol Chem,WJBC,online ISSN 1949-8454,DOI:10.4331),is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aims and scope WJBC is to rapidly report the most recent developments in the research by the close collaboration of biologists and chemists in area of biochemistry and molecular biology,including:general biochemistry,pathobiochemistry,molecular and cellular biology,molecular medicine,experimental methodologies and the diagnosis,therapy,and monitoring of human disease.We encourage authors to submit their manuscripts to WJBC.We will give priority to manuscripts that are supported by major national and international foundations and those that are of great basic and clinical significance.WJBC is edited and published by Baishideng Publishing Group(BPG).BPG has a strong professional editorial team composed of science editors,language editors and electronic editors.BPG current-

  2. Communication of authority

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holt, Else Kragelund

    2009-01-01

    The Book of Jeremiah emphasises that the prophet has his authority from God, who communicated this authority to the prophet by calling him. Being invested with divine authority, the prophet was disjuncted from the people, but conjuncted with God, in a process where the divine word is closely...... assimilated with the prophet. Thus, the literary persona, the prophet, and his book, is able to talk with normative authority in a context, post-exilic Judah/Yehud, which calls for normativity to sustain the rebuilding of society. The question remains if this normative authority can be upheld today, and if so...

  3. Potentials and burdens: a reply to Giubilini and Minerva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckwith, Francis J

    2013-05-01

    This article responds to Giubilini and Minerva's article 'After birth abortion: why should the baby live?' published in the Journal of Medical Ethics. They argue for the permissibility of 'after-birth abortion', based on two conjoined considerations: (1) the fetus or newborn, though a 'potential person', is not an actual person, because it is not mature enough to appreciate its own interests, and (2) because we allow parents to terminate the life of a fetus when it is diagnosed with a deformity or fatal illness because of the burden it will place on the child, parent, family or society we should also allow parents to do the same to their newborn, since it is no more a person than the fetus. The author critiques this case by pointing out (a) the metaphysical ambiguity of potential personhood and (b) why the appeal to burdens is irrelevant or unnecessary.

  4. Reply to "Comment on 'Quantum Kaniadakis entropy under projective measurement' ".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ourabah, Kamel; Tribeche, Mouloud

    2016-08-01

    We rely on our proof of the nondecreasing character of quantum Kaniadakis entropy under projective measurement [Phys. Rev. E 92, 032114 (2015)PLEEE81539-375510.1103/PhysRevE.92.032114], and we put it into perspective with the results of Bosyk et al. [Quantum Inf Process 15, 3393 (2016)10.1007/s11128-016-1329-5]. Our method, adopted for the proof that Kaniadakis entropy does not decrease under a projective measurement, is based on Jensen's inequalities, while the method proposed by the authors of the Comment represents another alternative and clearly correct method to prove the same thing. Furthermore, we clarify that our interest in Kaniadakis entropy is due to the fact that this entropy has a transparent physical significance, emerging within the special relativity.

  5. Reply to comment by Poole et al. on a tropical NAT-like belt observed from space

    CERN Document Server

    Noel, Vincent; 10.1029/2009GL039689

    2009-01-01

    In their comment, Poole et al. (2009) aim to show it is highly improbable that the observations described in Chepfer and Noel (2009), and described as "NAT-like" therein, are produced by Nitric Acid Trihydrate (NAT) particles. In this reply, we attempt to show why there is, in our opinion, too little evidence to reject this interpretation right away.

  6. "K"-Means Clustering and Mixture Model Clustering: Reply to McLachlan (2011) and Vermunt (2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinley, Douglas; Brusco, Michael J.

    2011-01-01

    McLachlan (2011) and Vermunt (2011) each provided thoughtful replies to our original article (Steinley & Brusco, 2011). This response serves to incorporate some of their comments while simultaneously clarifying our position. We argue that greater caution against overparamaterization must be taken when assuming that clusters are highly elliptical…

  7. Reply to Comment on ‘On the units radian and cycle for the quantity plane angle’

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, I. M.

    2016-12-01

    This paper is a reply to the preceding paper (Leonard 2016 Metrologia 53 1281-5) which was a comment on my paper (Mills 2016 Metrologia 53 991-7) ‘On the units radian and cycle for the quantity plane angle’.

  8. Reply to "comment on 'Monte Carlo simulations for a Lotka-type model with reactant surface diffusion and interactions' ".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuzovkov, V N; Zvejnieks, G

    2002-03-01

    We reply to the Comment by Zhdanov [preceding paper, Phys. Rev. E 65, blacksquare, square, filled (2002)] on our recent paper [G. Zvejnieks and V. N. Kuzovkov, Phys. Rev. E 63, 051104 (2001)]. We demonstrate that our quite different viewpoints result, in fact, entirely from nonunique definitions of the master equation, which has nothing to do with neglecting important physical principles, as Zhdanov claims.

  9. Level of Generality and Clear Thinking in Theory Construction and Theory Evaluation: Reply to Greenberg (1994) and Patton (1994).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelso, Charles J.; Carter, Jean A.

    1994-01-01

    Responds to comments by Greenberg and by Patton (both this issue) addressing ambiguities in Gelso and Carter's article (this issue) on components of psychotherapy relationship. In reply, discusses issue of how general theory ought to be to have maximal impact on research and practice. Questions number of Greenberg's assertions about Gelso and…

  10. Where to Look for American Sign Language (ASL) Sublexical Structure in the Visual World: Reply to Salverda (2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieberman, Amy M.; Borovsky, Arielle; Hatrak, Marla; Mayberry, Rachel I.

    2016-01-01

    In this reply to Salverda (2016), we address a critique of the claims made in our recent study of real-time processing of American Sign Language (ASL) signs using a novel visual world eye-tracking paradigm (Lieberman, Borovsky, Hatrak, & Mayberry, 2015). Salverda asserts that our data do not support our conclusion that native signers and…

  11. The Lure of Authority

    OpenAIRE

    Fehr, Ernst

    2010-01-01

    The lecture was delivered on 16 June 2010. The lecture rests on the paper by Ernst Fehr, Holger Herz and Tom Wilkening on The Lure of Authority: Motivation and Incentive Effects of Power. Ernst Fehr, University of Zurich Power and authority permeate political, social and economic life but still little is known empirically about the origins and consequences of authority. In this paper we tackle this question experimentally by implementing a simple version of Aghion-Tirole (1997) in the labo...

  12. Reply [to “Registering hydrologists: An exchange”

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eagleson, Peter S.

    The Executive Committee of AGU's Hydrology Section has considered the question of certification for hydrologists (Eos, September 13, 1983, p. 554). It has concluded that the existing certification procedures having the backing of state or federal legislation (Professional Engineer or Professional Geologist) are currently adequate to satisfy society's needs for protection from unprofessional practiceThe committee recognizes however that there may be some hydrologists, particularly those whose education has been in forestry or in agriculture, who may not qualify for certification under the existing procedures and for whom certification might have some economic advantage.

  13. Instructions for authors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editors Editorial Board

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available

    INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS
    Author Guidelines
    Authors must submit their papers via email to brain@edusoft.ro (please! or they can create an account and submit their papers online, at www.brain.edusoft.ro. Submited papers must be written in DOC format (Microsoft Word document, in as clear and as simple as possible English. Preferred maximum paper length for the papers is 20 pages, including figures.
    The template for the paper is at this address:
    http://www.edusoft.ro/Template_for_BRAIN.docRAIN vol. 3, issue 3, Instructions for authors

  14. Parental authority questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buri, J R

    1991-08-01

    A questionnaire was developed for the purpose of measuring Baumrind's (1971) permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative parental authority prototypes. It consists of 30 items per parent and yields permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative scores for both the mother and the father; each of these scores is derived from the phenomenological appraisals of the parents' authority by their son or daughter. The results of several studies have supported the Parental Authority Questionnaire as a psychometrically sound and valid measure of Baumrind's parental authority prototypes, and they have suggested that this questionnaire has considerable potential as a valuable tool in the investigation of correlates of parental permissiveness, authoritarianism, and authoritativeness.

  15. Reply to the Letter by Gary C. Vezzoli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shnoll S. E.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available In a letter published by Dr. Vezzoli in the current issue of your journal, he claims priority back to 2001 for an explanation to certain gravitational phenomena, which were first recorded by me and my co-workers at my laboratory. He claims priority to me on the basis of the fact that he shared his results and plans with me in 2001 in private communication. However, I and my co-workers understood the phenomena in the same terms as much as 20 years before that, in the 1980's, and discussed by us in numerous publications during the 1980's, in the Soviet (now Russian scientific journals. I provide a list of my early publications, refuting Dr. Vezzoli's claim to priority.

  16. Reply to the Letter by Gary C. Vezzoli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shnoll S. E.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available In a letter published by Dr. Vezzoli in the current issue of your journal, he claims priority back to 2001 for an explanation to certain gravitational phenomena, which were first recorded by me and my co-workers at my laboratory. He claims priority to me on the basis of the fact that he shared his results and plans with me in 2001 in private communication. However, I and my co-workers understood the phenomena in the same terms as much as 20 years before that, in the 1980’s, and discussed by us in numerous publications during the 1980’s, in the Soviet (now Russian scientific journals. I provide a list of my early publications, refuting Dr. Vezzoli’s claim to priority.

  17. Probing the interface theory of perception: Reply to commentaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Donald D; Singh, Manish; Prakash, Chetan

    2015-12-01

    We propose that selection favors nonveridical perceptions that are tuned to fitness. Current textbooks assert, to the contrary, that perception is useful because, in the normal case, it is veridical. Intuition, both lay and expert, clearly sides with the textbooks. We thus expected that some commentators would reject our proposal and provide counterarguments that could stimulate a productive debate. We are pleased that several commentators did indeed rise to the occasion and have argued against our proposal. We are also pleased that several others found our proposal worth exploring and have offered ways to test it, develop it, and link it more deeply to the history of ideas in the science and philosophy of perception. To both groups of commentators: thank you. Point and counterpoint, backed by data and theory, is the essence of science. We hope that the exchange recorded here will advance the scientific understanding of perception and its evolution. In what follows, we respond to the commentaries in alphabetical order.

  18. The Voice of Authority

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wetterlund, Kris

    2012-01-01

    In the last part of 2011, conversations swirled around the Internet and print about the assault on museum authority. The Marcus Institute for Digital Education in the Arts (MIDEA) summarized some of the discussion in their blog entry "The Participatory Museum and a New Authority." Other sites joined in the discussion, for example, the Museum Geek…

  19. Boerhaave: Author and Editor *

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindeboom, G. A.

    1974-01-01

    The many facets of Herman Boerhaave's life are presented. He was a renowned teacher, physician, author, and editor. Discussed here are his activities as cataloger of the Vossius Collection, author of books on chemistry, botany, and medicine, and as editor of works by Vesalius and early Greek medical writers. Printing and bookselling in Leiden during Boerhaave's era are described. Images PMID:4596962

  20. Instructions for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>1.Items of the paper Title,author’s name and working unit,abstract,key words,text and reference. 2.Author and working unit Entitled authors should be those involved in the research and would be able to answer relevant questions.The working units,cities and

  1. Multimedia Authoring and Annotation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bulterman, D.C.A.; Cesar Garcia, P.S.; Munson, E.; Pimentel, M.G.C.

    2014-01-01

    With the massive amount of captured multimedia, authoring is more relevant than ever. Multimedia content is available in many settings including the web, mobile devices, desktop applications, as well as games and interactive TV. The authoring and production of multimedia documents demands attention

  2. Accountability, Italian style: how to reply to government pressure?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro M

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Marianna Mauro, Giovanna TalaricoDepartment of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Magna Græcia University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, ItalyAbstract: The current paper addresses the complex issue of accountability by focusing on Italian public hospitals and teaching hospitals; it aims to analyze Italian health care organizations' strategies for responding to the pressure generated by regulations. In particular, in the last few years, Italian hospitals and teaching hospitals have been obliged to implement or improve their accountability instruments in response to a new regulation (known as the Brunetta reform, Legislative Decree number 150/2009. The Legislative Decree aims to measure and assess the results of each public administration unit in terms of efficiency of the human resources, satisfaction level of the final users, and transparency of its action. Despite the initial consensus on the necessity to make the decision process in health care visible and transparent, health care organizations find it difficult to demonstrate accountability. The present paper summarizes the evidence on the degree of compliance to the reform requirements and will allow an in-depth understanding of Italian health organizations' attitudes toward accountability. This study will help policymakers understand the degree of acceptance and application of the new reforms and assess whether the law/regulations may be effective drivers for disseminating a culture of transparency and accountability.Keywords: transparency, Italian health care, law/regulations, compliance

  3. RETRACTION: Reply to Editorial Comment Regarding "X:Y Sperm Ratio in Boron Exposed Men," by Robbins et al. 2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, Wendie A; Elashoff, David A; Xun, Lin; Jia, Juan

    2011-06-30

    The Editorial Response listed above, which did not appear in the print journal, was retracted by the Editors of the Journal of Andrology with the consent of the authors because the significant delay in processing the Editorial Response has rendered the information contained in it not currently relevant. The Editors extend their apologies to the authors and to the scientific community.

  4. Comment on "Rabbit-Ears Hybrids, VSEPR Sterics, and Other Orbital Anachronisms": A Reply to a Criticism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiberty, Philippe C.; Danovich, David; Shaik, Sason

    2015-01-01

    This commentary summarizes the authors' basic disagreements with the paper, "Rabbit-Ears, VSEPR Sterics, and Other Orbital Anachronisms," which criticizes the authors' usage of the hybrid orbitals for H[subscript 2]O in their book, "A Chemist's Guide to Valence Bond Theory" (Shaik and Hiberty, 2008). The current article shows…

  5. Reply to "Analgesic Effect of Gabapentin on Post-Operative Pain After Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Mardani-Kivi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In Reply Dr. Ortiz and Dr. Romero-Quezada evaluated our study precisely and authors are grateful for their great survey on our article. There were some questions and concerns that we are going to answer. We wish it could help others to come up with better ideas and conclusions. 1. ACL tear may occur in two scenarios and we believe that there is not a third one: 1st- the ACL injury functionally disables the patient and becomes symptomatic; in this scenario the patient would suffer from giving way and the “Lachman test” is definitely positive (3+ or 4+ (1. Intra-operatively (post anesthesia “Pivot shift test” is almost positive in all cases. 2nd- ACL injury does not conflict with the patient’s routine and social activity and giving way are usually negative and Lachman test can be negative, 1+ and in the most severe condition 2+ positive. Partial ACL tear may be reported in MRI, however authors believe these cases do not benefit from a surgical intervention, and conservative treatment should be performed. 2. Although most of our patients were suffered from sports trauma, mechanisms of ACL tears were not the same in all patients. The duration between traumas to surgeries in all patients enrolled in this study were at least 6 weeks which were included the proceeding from acute trauma phase to performing physical therapy and accomplishing full range of motion pre-operatively. Since the present study was not about surgical technique and pre or post rehab protocols and programs, authors avoided such additional issues. 3. About Pethidine issue, this drug is the main protocol one in our hospital to provide analgesics for post-operative pain, so authors routinely decided to utilize the pethidine as analgesics such as recent relative article (2. We used the pethidine intravenously and by patient’s demand; if a patients requested for pain killers, we provided him/her with 0.5 mg-per-Kg pethidine which was injected intravenously. The time and

  6. Copyright Authorization Statement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正Should the article be accepted and published by Meteorological and Environmental Research,the author hereby grants exclu-sively to the editorial department of Meteorological and Environmental Research the digital reproduction

  7. Copyright Authorization Statement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Should the article be accepted and published by Meteorological and Environmental Research,the author hereby grants exclu-sively to the editorial department of Meteorological and Environmental Research the digital reproduction

  8. Instructions for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ GENERAL SUBMISSION INSTRUCTIONS These guidelines have been prepared in accordance with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.1 Authors should familiarize themselves with these requirements before submission.

  9. GUIDE TO AUTHOR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions has no page chargesManuscript Submission.Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles onlineand track their

  10. Author Identification in Dialnet

    OpenAIRE

    Bergasa, Eduardo

    2012-01-01

    26 slides.-- Presentation delivered at the Topic Session "Identifiers". The presentation introduces the Dialnet Foundation, a public non-profit organisation founded 2009 as a Spin-off from the University of La Rioja in Spain, and the Dialnet portal whose database holds nearly 4M documents, mostly in Spanish. Authority control is one of the strategic Dialnet worklines and permanent cleaning work is done on the over 2.5M author records in cooperation with universities and other institutions....

  11. Authority Control for INVENIO

    CERN Document Server

    Dickinson, Christopher Michael; Omar, Abou Khaled; Felber, Pascal

    This is the final report for a Bachelor project at the École d'Ingénieurs et d'Architectes (EIA-FR), in collaboration with the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) near Geneva. The official starting date for this project was June 30th 2011. All of the work described in this document was done at CERN during an internship in the IT-UDS-CDS team. The goal of the project was to add authority contro1 to INVENIO. Authority control provides a library management software with two main functions. 1. It allows the disambiguation between similar or identical terms, such as author names referring to different people. 2. It allows for the collocation of seemingly distinct information that logically belongs together, e.g. alternate names for an author or institution. In recent years, INVENIO users have seen the need to control standardized ways of managing the names of authors and institutions, journals and subjects. “Authority records” keep track of the standard way (e.g. “Curie, Marie”) as well as...

  12. Reply to Comment on "Enhanced diffusion of enzymes that catalyze exothermic reactions"

    CERN Document Server

    Golestanian, Ramin

    2016-01-01

    Catalytically active enzymes have recently been observed to exhibit enhanced diffusion. In a recent work [C. Riedel et al., Nature 517, 227 (2015)], it has been suggested that this phenomenon is correlated with the degree of exothermicity of the reaction, and a mechanism was proposed to explain the phenomenon based on channeling the released heat into the center of mass kinetic energy of the enzyme. I addressed this question by comparing four different mechanisms, and concluded that collective heating is the strongest candidate out of those four to explain the phenomenon, and in particular, several orders of magnitude stronger than the mechanism proposed by Riedel et al. In a recent preprint (arXiv:1608.05433), K. Tsekouras, C. Riedel, R. Gabizon, S. Marqusee, S. Presse, and C. Bustamante present a comment on my paper [R. Golestanian, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 108102 (2015); arXiv:1508.03219], which I address here in this reply.

  13. Reply to "Comment on `Simple improvements to classical bubble nucleation models'"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Kyoko K.; Tanaka, Hidekazu; Angélil, Raymond; Diemand, Jürg

    2016-08-01

    We reply to the Comment by Schmelzer and Baidakov [Phys. Rev. E 94, 026801 (2016)]., 10.1103/PhysRevE.94.026801 They suggest that a more modern approach than the classic description by Tolman is necessary to model the surface tension of curved interfaces. Therefore we now consider the higher-order Helfrich correction, rather than the simpler first-order Tolman correction. Using a recent parametrization of the Helfrich correction provided by Wilhelmsen et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 142, 064706 (2015)], 10.1063/1.4907588, we test this description against measurements from our simulations, and find an agreement stronger than what the pure Tolman description offers. Our analyses suggest a necessary correction of order higher than the second for small bubbles with radius ≲1 nm. In addition, we respond to other minor criticism about our results.

  14. An African theory of bioethics: reply to MacPherson and Macklin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metz, Thaddeus

    2010-12-01

    In a prior issue of Developing World Bioethics, Cheryl Macpherson and Ruth Macklin critically engaged with an article of mine, where I articulated a moral theory grounded on indigenous values salient in the sub-Saharan region, and then applied it to four major issues in bioethics, comparing and contrasting its implications with those of the dominant Western moral theories, utilitarianism and Kantianism. In response to my essay, Macpherson and Macklin have posed questions about: whether philosophical justifications are something with which bioethicists ought to be concerned; why something counts as 'African'; how medicine is a moral enterprise; whether an individual right to informed consent is consistent with sub-Saharan values; and when thought experiments help to establish firm conclusions about moral status. These are important issues for the field, and I use this reply to take discussion of them a step or two farther, defending my initial article from Macpherson's and Macklin's critical questions and objections. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  15. Reply to "Comment on 'Simple improvements to classical bubble nucleation models' ".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Kyoko K; Tanaka, Hidekazu; Angélil, Raymond; Diemand, Jürg

    2016-08-01

    We reply to the Comment by Schmelzer and Baidakov [Phys. Rev. E 94, 026801 (2016)].10.1103/PhysRevE.94.026801 They suggest that a more modern approach than the classic description by Tolman is necessary to model the surface tension of curved interfaces. Therefore we now consider the higher-order Helfrich correction, rather than the simpler first-order Tolman correction. Using a recent parametrization of the Helfrich correction provided by Wilhelmsen et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 142, 064706 (2015)]JCPSA60021-960610.1063/1.4907588, we test this description against measurements from our simulations, and find an agreement stronger than what the pure Tolman description offers. Our analyses suggest a necessary correction of order higher than the second for small bubbles with radius ≲1 nm. In addition, we respond to other minor criticism about our results.

  16. Medicine and Mind-Body Dualism: A Reply to Mehta's Critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joubert, Callie

    2014-01-01

    Neeta Mehta recently advanced the thesis that medical practice is facing a crisis today. In her paper "Mind-body dualism: a critique from a health perspective" she attributes the crisis to the philosophy of Descartes and set out to understand why this dualism is still alive despite its disavowal from philosophers, health practitioners and lay people. The aim of my reply to her critique is three-fold. First, I draw attention to a more fundamental problem and show that dualism is inescapable-scientifically and commonsensically. I then focus on the self-conscious emotions of shame, guilt and remorse, and argue that the self is not identical with a brain. The third section draws attention to the crisis in psychiatry and stipulates some of the main reasons why this is so. Contrary to Mehta's thesis, the health profession faces a crisis because of physicalism and biological reductionism.

  17. Reply to "On the Effect of Common Excipients on the Oral Absorption of Class 3 Drugs".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaithianathan, Soundarya; Haidar, Sam H; Zhang, Xinyuan; Jiang, Wenlei; Avon, Christopher; Dowling, Thomas C; Shao, Changxing; Kane, Maureen; Hoag, Stephen W; Flasar, Mark H; Ting, Tricia Y; Polli, James E

    2016-04-01

    We previously concluded that 12 common excipients need not be qualitatively the same and quantitatively very similar to reference for Biopharmaceutics Classification System-based biowaivers. This conclusion for regulatory relief is based upon a series of bioequivalence studies in humans involving cimetidine and acyclovir. Limitations were also discussed. We understand the major concern of García-Arieta et al. is that "results obtained by Vaithianathan et al. should not be extrapolated to other drugs." We understand that individuals conducting their own risk/benefit analysis may reach that conclusion, and we reply to the concerns of García-Arieta et al. We continue to conclude that the 12 common excipients need not be qualitatively the same nor quantitatively very similar to reference, but rather, simply be not more than the quantities studied in our manuscript for cimetidine and acyclovir, and potentially other class 3 drugs with similar properties.

  18. Reply to comments on 'Energy in one-dimensional linear waves in a string'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burko, Lior M.

    2011-11-01

    In this reply we respond to comments made by Repetto et al and by Butokov on our letter (Burko 2010 Eur. J. Phys. 31 L71-7), in which we discussed two different results for the elastic potential energy of a string element. One derived from the restoring force on a stretched string element and the other from the work done to bring the string to a certain distorted configuration. We argue that one cannot prefer from fundamental principles the former over the latter (or vice versa), and therefore one may apply either expression to situations in which their use contributes to insight. The two expressions are different by a boundary term which has a clear physical interpretation. For the case of standing waves, we argue that the latter approach has conceptual clarity that may contribute to physical understanding.

  19. Beyond functional architecture in cognitive neuropsychology: a reply to Coltheart (2010).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plaut, David C; Patterson, Karalyn

    2010-01-01

    We (Patterson & Plaut, 2009) argued that cognitive neuropsychology has had a limited impact on cognitive science due to a nearly exclusive reliance on (a) single-case studies, (b) dissociations in cognitive performance, and (c) shallow, box-and-arrow theorizing, and we advocated adopting a case-series methodology, considering associations as well as dissociations, and employing explicit computational modeling in studying "how the brain does its cognitive business." In reply, Coltheart (2010) claims that our concern is misplaced because cognitive neuropsychology is concerned only with studying the mind, in terms of its "functional architecture," without regard to how this is implemented in the brain. In this response, we do not dispute his characterization of cognitive neuropsychology as it has typically been practiced over the last 40 years, but we suggest that our understanding of brain structure and function has advanced to the point where studying the mind without regard to the brain is unwise and perpetuates the field's isolation.

  20. Author Clustering on Large Bibliographies

    CERN Document Server

    Sterz, Christoph

    2014-01-01

    We analyze and design an algorithm for clustering large sets of authors in Bibliographies. Not considering a distance function for a mutual comparison, but transforming the data into a multidimensional metric space, the algorithm described is similar to locally sensitive hashing. The task lies in the field of Record-Linkage. The algorithm was designed and performed based on the data of the CERN Document Server, consisting out of more than 1.7 million metadata entries and is part of the digital assets-managing-software invenio. Meant as a prototype, the algorithm performs efficiently, clustering all authors on CDS in under 30 minutes. We will discuss extensions improving the recall rate, wich still remains inferior to the currently used clustering-approach.

  1. Reflections on Parental Authority

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela LUPŞAN

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The movement in the European Union territory of the family members de jure or de facto - parents married or not, on the one hand, and their children, on the other hand, the birth of litigation related to the content, exercising or limiting the parental authority in the event at least one holder of parental authority is in a Member State other than where the minor child is, and the interest of achieving a good administration of justice within the European Union, led to the development of Community instruments in the area of parental authority, which has provisions on conflicts of jurisdiction, conflict of laws, recognition and enforceability, enforcement, legal aid and cooperation between central authorities, designating the applicable law. In the first part of the study we have analyzed the rules of jurisdiction by establishing the jurisdiction of the court hearing with an application for parental responsibility, whether there are pending divorce proceeding or not. In the second part of the study, we have limited the analysis to the rules applicable to the law causes that have as object parental authority.

  2. Information for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    General Asian Journal of Andrology ( AJA ), the official journal of the Asian Society of Andrology. invites reports of original research on all areas of andrology, both experimental and clinical, including modem, traditional, and epidemiological, from any part of the world. Short communications (including clinical practice or case report) and letters to the editor are also welcome. Review articles based primarily on authors' own research of internationally important topics are accepted. Authors are requested to submit a covering letter indicating that their manuscript represents original unpublished material that has not been and will not be published elsewhere. This restriction does not apply to results published as abstracts of communications, letters to the editor or as preliminary reports. By submitting a manuscript the authors warrant that all necessary permissions have been obtained.

  3. Information for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    General Asian Journal of Andrology ( AJA ), the official journal of the Asian Society of Andrology, invites reports of original research on all areas of andrology, both experimental and clinical, including modem, traditional, and epidemiological, from any part of the world. Short communications (including clinical practice or case report) and letters to the editor are also welcome. Review articles based primarily on authors' own research of internationally important topics are accepted. Authors are requested to submit a covering letter indicating that their manuscript represents original unpublished material that has not been and will not be published elsewhere. This restriction does not apply to results published as abstracts of communications, letters to the editor or as preliminary reports. By submitting a manuscript the authors warrant that all necessary permissions have been obtained.

  4. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientif ic journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing & Media Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier and Science Press. General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s) that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals. The experiment related to crop yield should be conducted at least two locations or growing seasons with replications. All the results should be supported by appropriate statistical analyses. Scopes ? Crop Germplasm Resources ? Crop Genetics, Genomics and Molecular Biology

  5. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing & Media Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier and Science Press. General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s) that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals. The experiment related to crop yield should be conducted at least two locations or growing seasons with replications. All the results should be supported by appropriate statistical

  6. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s) that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals.The experiment related to crop yield should be conducted at least two locations or growing seasons with replications.All the results should be supported by appropriate statistical analyses.

  7. Instructions to authors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This section is to be used by authors of the special issue "Social media and language learning: (revolution?" who write their text in English. Please use the model article file attached when writing your text. 1. Submission and publication principles Authors whose texts have been accepted agree to transfer the associated rights permanently to the Alsic journal. They are free to re-publish these works (in printed or electronic form subject to the following conditions: they clearly indicate t...

  8. The analyst's knowledge and authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, S A

    1998-01-01

    Current controversies about the nature of the knowledge analysts offer their patients and the kinds of authority they can legitimately claim are of central importance in the evolution of psychoanalytic ideas. These controversies reflect deep differences regarding basic assumptions about both epistemology and the nature of mind. An approach to these issues is offered which, it is argued, is closer to broad cultural shifts in thinking about knowledge in general than is the traditional psychoanalytic stance. Implications for theory and clinical practice are explored.

  9. Epistemic Authority, Lies, and Video

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Rune Saugmann

    2013-01-01

    This article analyses how videos of violent protests become politically powerful arguments able to intervene in debates about security. It does so by looking at a series of videos taken by police authorities and protesters during street battles in Copenhagen in August 2009, when protesters oppose...... how both police and protesters enact strategies that condition the possibility for images to figure in and impact post-conflict debate, the article explores how both governance and resistance is currently constituted by means of images. It ultimately considers what this means in terms...

  10. Reply to Comment on 'On the origin dependence of multipole moments in electromagnetism'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Visschere, Patrick [UGent, ELIS, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, B-9000 Gent (Belgium)

    2010-12-22

    In this reply, we emphasize that the goal of our original paper was to show that a straightforward application of standard multipole theory does not lead to unphysical results as claimed by Raab and de Lange. We stress once more that an origin shift for calculating the multipoles must be accompanied by a relocation of these multipoles, which compensates the effects of the origin dependence of the multipoles. We point out that the position of the macroscopic boundary is a relevant parameter. We agree that the transformation proposed by Raab and de Lange could still be useful supposing it only affects the phase of the reflected/trasmitted waves. We dispute that the transformation as derived by Raab and de Lange is unique. (reply)

  11. Psychology and neuroscience: How close are we to an integrative perspective? Reply to Staats (2016) and Tryon (2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Seth J; Lilienfeld, Scott O; Meca, Alan; Sauvigné, Katheryn C

    2016-12-01

    This article responds to commentaries written by Warren Tryon (2016) and Arthur Staats (2016) concerning Schwartz, Lilienfeld, Meca, and Sauvigné (2016). In this reply, we reiterate our key thesis-that psychology, and the problems it addresses, are likely best approached from multiple levels of analysis. Unlike Tryon, we are not convinced that neural networks and computational neuroscience provide a single template through which all of psychology can be integrated. We are in agreement with Staats that attempts to reduce psychological phenomena to neural events alone are likely to be misleading and unproductive. One important example where such reductionism has been alive and well is addiction, where prominent biomedical models have defined addiction as a "brain disease." Our reply article concludes by arguing that a multilevel approach to psychology is essential in guiding hiring practices, funding agency priorities, and training students. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  12. FFTF Authorization Agreement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DAUTEL, W.A.

    2000-02-25

    The purpose of the Authorization Agreement is to serve as a mechanism whereby the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) and Fluor Hanford (FH) jointly clarify and agree to key conditions for conducting work safely and efficiently.

  13. Author: JC Knobel

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    10332324

    Cramp and Simmons Handbook of the Birds of Europe 225-233. .... Eritja et al Environmental Law in Spain 38; on the relationship between state law and .... enforcement authorities, and the raising of public awareness to boost surveillance ..... and mapping of breeding areas, dispersal areas and recolonisation areas; (8).

  14. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media; Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that

  15. GUIDE TO AUTHOR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions has no page charges Manuscript Submission. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles online and track their progress via a web interface.

  16. GUIDE TO AUTHOR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions has no page charges Manuscript Scbmission.Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles online and track their progress via a web interface.to submit a manuscript,

  17. GUIDE TO AUTHOR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions has no page charges Manuscript Submission. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles onlineand track their progress via a web interface. To submit a manuscript,

  18. GUIDE TO AUTHOR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions has no page charges Manuscript Submission.Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles online and track their progress via a web interface. To submit a manuscript, please visit http://www.SCAR.ac.cn/, log on, get an account, and follow

  19. GUIDE TO AUTHOR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions has no page chargesManuscript Submission. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles onlineand track their progress via a web interface. To submit a manuscript, please visit http://www.SCAR.ac.cn/, log on, get an account, and follow the

  20. In Reply

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    In response to Dr. Klement's comments, Drs. Simone and Champ agree that a ketogenic diet (KD) may be added as a dietary intervention in cancer treatment. They suggest that patients with certain cancers that put them at risk for cachexia may respond best to a KD, whereas patients with cancers that do worse with weight gain might benefit more from calorie restriction or intermittent fasting.

  1. Authors’ reply

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao XY; Xu HM; Zhou Q

    2013-01-01

    Xiao-Ying Zhao,1 Hui-Min Xu,2 Quan Zhou2 1The Medical Ethics Committee, 2Department of Pharmacy, The Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, People's Republic of ChinaWe read with great interest the study by Del Tacca et al,1 who performed a comparative pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) evaluation of branded and generic formulations of meloxicam in healthy male subjects, and concluded that the two products can be us...

  2. Questioning the significance of the non-identity problem in applied ethics: a reply to Tony Hope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawlor, Rob

    2015-11-01

    In this paper I reply to Tony Hope's response to my non-identity paper, aiming to clarify the nature of my objections, and also to address, briefly, Hope's suggestion that the implications of my view are that any book written for a lay audience ought to seek to present a 'balanced overview'. Essentially, I suggest that there may be a pro tanto consideration in favour of such an approach, but this would only be one consideration, to be weighed against competing considerations.

  3. Reply to the comment on: "Does an atom interferometer test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency?"

    CERN Document Server

    Wolf, Peter; Bordé, Christian J; Reynaud, Serge; Salomon, Christophe; Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude

    2012-01-01

    Hohensee, Chu, Peters and M\\"uller have submitted a comment (arXiv:1112.6039 [gr-qc]) on our paper "Does an atom interferometer test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency?", Classical and Quantum Gravity 28, 145017 (2011), arXiv:1009.2485 [gr-qc]. Here we reply to this comment and show that the main result of our paper, namely that atom interferometric gravimeters do not test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency, remains valid.

  4. Angularly symmetric splitting of a light beam upon reflection and refraction at an air-dielectric plane boundary: reply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azzam, R M A

    2016-05-01

    The simplified explicit expressions derived by Andersen [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A33, 984 (2016)JOAOD60740-323210.1364/JOSAA.32.000984], that relate to angularly symmetric beam splitting by reflection and refraction at an air-dielectric interface recently described by Azzam [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A32, 2436 (2015)JOAOD60740-323210.1364/JOSAA.32.002436], are welcome. A few additional remarks are also included in my reply to Andersen's comment.

  5. Markets and authorities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Jochen; Cecco, Marcello de

    of integrating large developing countries into a liberal world order and the consequences of the multilateral system for the world's poor. In further discussions they investigate the sustainability of global capitalism in light of financial crisis, widespread inequality and the uncertain future for traditional......This text addresses the relationship between market authority and political authority - a favourite theme of Susan Strange, to whom the book is dedicated. From a survey of the bias against capital liberalization in economic thought to an analysis of the US role in global monetary affairs...... welfare states. They also advance various mechanisms through which they believe greater stability and equity could be introduced into the global financial system and the world economy....

  6. INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>AIMS AND SCOPE High Power Laser Science and Engineering(HPLaser)is an international,peer-reviewed open access journal which focuses on all aspects of high power laser science and engineering.HPLaser publishes research that seeks to uncover the underlying science and engineering in the fields of high energy density physics,high power lasers,advanced laser technology and applications,and laser components.ORIGINALITY,OPEN ACCESS LICENCE TO PUBLISH FORM AND COPYRIGHT To be considered for publication in HPLaser a manuscript cannot have been published previously,nor can it be under review for publication elsewhere.Papers with multiple authors are considered for publication in HPLaser with the assumption that all authors have approved the submitted manuscript and concur in its submission to HPLaser.For accepted articles,a Licence to Publish form must be

  7. Instructions for authors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editors Editorial Board

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Authors must submit their papers via email to brain@edusoft.ro or they can create an account and submit their papers online, at www.brain.edusoft.ro. Submited papers must be written in DOC format (Microsoft Word document, in as clear and as simple as possible English. Preferred maximum paper length for the papers is 20 pages, including figures.The template for the paper is at this address:http://www.edusoft.ro/Template_for_BRAIN.docThe text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point Times New Roman font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses; and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. The title will be bold 14-point, and the author will be 12-point italic. Figures have caption in bottom-center side, and tables have captions in left-top side. Use a tab for identing each paragraph and the subtitles, too. The subtitleswill be bold 12-point. Please use Microsoft Word 97-2003.We encourage the authors to use the camera ready format even for the first submission. All paper submissions will be carefully reviewed by an editor, and by the members of the scientific board or independent experts, who will provide a written feedback with comments and ratings.Authors will be notified of acceptance in maximum 3 weeks. Accepted manuscripts should be revised according to the comments of the reviewers and of the editors.For questions concerning manuscript submission, contact Mr. Bogdan Patrut by mail atbogdan@edusoft.ro.

  8. Instructions for Authors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editors Editorial Board

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Authors must submit their papers via email to brain@edusoft.ro or they can create an account and submit their papers online, at www.brain.edusoft.ro. Submited papers must be written in DOC format (Microsoft Word document, in as clear and as simple as possible English. Preferred maximum paper length for the papers is 20 pages, including figures. The template for the paper is at this address: http://www.edusoft.ro/Template_for_BRAIN.doc

  9. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co‐sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously

  10. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals.

  11. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously

  12. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously published or simultaneously

  13. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals.

  14. The Author's Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenslade, Thomas B.

    2011-01-01

    The referee's report is a standard rite of passage for an author of articles in The Physics Teacher. Will the referee (and the editor) agree with the basic premise and the details of your carefully thought-out article? I have faced this moment of truth many times; the majority of them were during the editorship of Cliff Swartz. These reminiscences are as much about the journal as Cliff, for, to many of us, the two seemed inseparable.

  15. Author: MM Ratiba

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    peoples,1 to current threats by Cosigo Resources, a Canadian gold-mining company, .... Commissioner of the Bureau of Reclamation, and the Director of the National Park .... The Commission therefore ordered Kenya to restore the Endorois.

  16. Instructions for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@Chinese Journal of Chemistry is an international journal published in English by the Chinese Chemical Society with its editorial office hosted by Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences.Chinese Journal of Chemistry publishes original research work in all fields of chemistry, i.e. physical chemistry,inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry and analytic chemistry, etc., in the forms of Accounts, Articles,Notes and Communications. Each issue contains Graphic Abstract. Only contributions that have not been and are not to be published elsewhere will be considered. Acoounts are summary of significant recent work and new developments from the research group of the principal author. Photographs and resumes of all authors will be included. Articles and Notes are designed to report research of high scientific quality and originality that are of interest to the wide and diverse readership of the Journal with experimental details. Communications are restricted to publish results with unusual urgency, significance, and interest. In the cover letter the author should briefly state the urgency of this paper.

  17. Instructions for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@Chinese Journal of Chemistry is an international journal published in English by the Chinese Chemical Society with its editorial office hosted by Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Chinese Journal of Chemistry publishes original research work in all fields of chemistry, i.e. physical chemistry, inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry and analytic chemistry, etc., in the forms of Accounts, Articles, Notes and Communications. Each issue contains Graphic Abstract. Only contributions that have not been and are not to be published elsewhere will be consid ered.Accounts are reports on significant recent work and new developments from the research group of the principal author. Photographs and resumes of all authors will be included.Articles and Notes are designed to report research of high scientific quality and originality that are of interest to the wide and diverse readership of the Joumal with experimental details.Communications are restricted to publish results with unusual urgency, significance, and interest. In the cover letter the author should briefly state the urgency of this paper.

  18. GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    1 THE JOURNAL The Journal publishes original papers in all fields of sustainable development. Papers are peer-reviewed according to the generally accepted criteria for scientific work. 2 AUTHORS' RESPONSIBILITIES Authors are responsible for the originality of the work, permission to publish and permission to reproduce any cited figures, and proofreading. 3 MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION All papers must be in English. Papers are restricted to 5000 words in length. Papers with fewer than 1500 words will be considered as Short Notes. Manuscripts must be double-spaced, on one side of the paper only and on standard sized paper (e. g. European A4 - 21 by 29.6 cm). Each paper should consist of the following sections, in order: title, abstract, key words, text, acknowledgments, references, intemet references, figure captions, figures, table captions, tables and appendices (if any), photograph captions, photographs. Pages should be numbered. Author should provide e-mail of corresponding author. Title - The title should be brief but accurately descriptive of the contents. The title should be followed by authors' names,( as they are to appear in print) and institutional affiliations. The corresponding author's e-mail address should follow (or fax- number if no e-mail is available).

  19. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Cellular & Molecular Immunology (CMI) is the official publication of the Chinese Society of Immunology. The Journal is published bimonthly in English and edited at the University of Science & Technology of China (USTC). Papers in all areas of cellular and molecular immunology are welcome including immunobiology, comparative immunology, immunogenetics, neuroimmunology, immunopathology, immunopharmacology, tumor immunology, infection immunology, clinical immunology, transplantation immunology, veterinary immunology and immunological techniques. All international immunologists and immunologyrelated investigators will find CMI suitable for their publications. CMI publishes articles and brief reports for original investigations. Reviews and minireviews are also accepted from authors on request by the editorial board of the journal. A paper is submitted to CMI with the understanding that it has not been and will not be published elsewhere. The submission must have the approval of all of the authors. The preferred medium of final submission to the accepting editor is on computer disk with the accompanying reviewed and revised manuscript (see'electronic manuscripts' below). Publication in CMI is taken to imply the authors' willingness to comply with reasonable requests to supply reagents such as recombinant clones and monoclonal antibodies, and sequence data in electronic form to persons lacking access to computer databases.

  20. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Cellular & Molecular Immunology (CMI) is the official publication of the Chinese Society of Immunology. The Journal is published bimonthly in English and edited at the University of Science & Technology of China (USTC). Papers in all areas of cellular and molecular immunology are welcome including immunobiology, comparative immunology, immunogenetics, neuroimmunology, immunopathology, immunopharmacology, tumor immunology, infection immunology, clinical immunology, transplantation immunology, veterinary immunology and immunological techniques. All international immunologists and irnmunologyrelated investigators will find CMI suitable for their publications. CMI publishes articles and brief reports for original investigations. Reviews and minireviews are also accepted from authors on request by the editorial board of the journal A paper is submitted to CMI with the understanding that it has not been and will not be published elsewhere. The submission must have the approval of all of the authors. The preferred medium of final submission to the accepting editor is on computer disk with the accompanying reviewed and revised manuscript (see 'electronic manuscripts' below). Publication in CMI is taken to imply the authors' willingness to comply with reasonable requests to supply reagents such as recombinant clones and monoclonal antibodies, and sequence data in electronic form to persons lacking access to computer databases.

  1. Guidelines for Authors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Demir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Authors cumhuriyet theology journal  reguires writers to use the The Chicago Manual of Style “notes and bibliography” system of referencing.First citation: author(s first name and last name, title, (if applicable first and last name of translator or editor, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, page number.Subsequent citations: author’s last name, the short title, and the page number should be indicated in all subsequent citations. Footnote citations should conform to the following examples.References: References should be placed at the end of the text in alphabetical order. If a source has more than one author, the surname and name of the first author should be written, and the other authors should be indicated by et.al. The titles of books and journals should be italicized; article titles and book chapters should be placed in quotation marks. Translator’s and editor’s names (if there are any should follow the title of the work: BOOKa One Author: 
1. Michael Pollan, The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals (New York: Penguin, 2006, 99–100.2. Pollan, Omnivore’s Dilemma, 3.Bibliography: Pollan, Michael. The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin, 2006.  b Two Authors1. Geoffrey C. Ward and Ken Burns, The War: An Intimate History 1941–1945 (New York: Knopf, 2007, 52.2. Ward and Burns, War, 59–61. Bibliography: Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. The War: An Intimate History 1941–1945. New York: Knopf, 2007.c Three or More Authors
For three or more authors, list all of the authors in the bibliography; in the note, list only the first author, followed by et al. (“and others”:1. Mitchell L. Eisen, Jodi A. Quas, and Gail S. Goodman, eds., Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview (Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum Assoicates, 2002, 65.2. Eisen and et al., Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview, 67.Bibliography: Eisen, Mitchell

  2. Reply to "Comment on 'Electrical Conductivity and Current-Voltage Characteristics of Individual Conducting Polymer PEDOT Nanowires'"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LONG Yun-Ze

    2009-01-01

    @@ Recently we reported electrical properties of an individual PEDOT nanowire.[1] Ohlckers and Pipinys[2]suggested that the temperature-behavior of Ⅰ- Ⅴcurves and resistance can be described in the framework of a phonon-assisted tunneling (PhAT) model.

  3. NOTICE TO AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@CELL RESEARCH is an international academic journal, the only one publishes papers in En glish in all branches of animal and plant cell biology in China. It is edited by Shanghai Institute of Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, published and distributed by Science Press, Beijing, China, and New York Agency, Ltd., USA, as well as by the Institute. The journal started pub lication semiannully in 1990 and changed to quarterly beginning from Volume 8, in 1998. This periodical has been accepted to be included in Index Medicus and MEDLINE on the MEDLARS system beginning from volume7(1), 1997 by National Library of Medicine, USA, and it was informed recently by Institute for Scientific Information, USA that ISI will be indexing CELL RESEARCH beginning with volume 9(1), 1999 in the following products: Science Citation Index-Expanded, available as SciSearch on Dialog or as the ISI Web of Science on the Internet-Research Alert. Manuscripts must be written in a clear and concise style. The principle criteria for acceptance are originality and scientific excelence. Papers judged by two referees and a member of the Editorial Board to be inapppropriate for the journal's scope and content will be returned to author. One original and two copies of each manuscript should be submitted. Authors are encouraged to submit text by a computer disk (3.5' disk with clearly labbled file name) in IBM compatible PC in Word, Write, under Windows prograne, Wordperfect 5.1, WPS 3.0 or Wordstar 4.0. Text sent by e mail are also welcomed. These all should be accompanied with an identical hard copy printout. Manuscripts are requested to be send to Ms. Ai Lan CHANG, Editorial office of CELL RESEARCH, Shanghai Institute of Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 Yue-yang Road, Shanghai 200031, China. e-mail: edto@sunm.shcnc.ac.cn. Author(s) from other countries can also send their manuscript(s) to three reginal editors in UK or USA (Dr. Jing De ZHU, Cathcart Laboratory, Division of

  4. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals.The experiment related to crop yield should be conducted at

  5. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals.The experiment related to crop yield should be conducted at least two locations or growing seasons with replications.All the results should be supported by appropriate statistical

  6. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals.The experiment related to crop yield should be conducted at least two locations or growing seasons with replications.All the results should be supported by appropriate statistical analyses.

  7. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientifi c journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals.The experiment related to crop yield should be conducted at least two locations or growing seasons with replications.All the results should be supported by appropriate statistical

  8. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General Requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals.The experiment related to crop yield should be conducted at least two locations or growing seasons with replications.All the results should be supported by appropriate statistical analyses.

  9. Brief Guide for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    The Crop Journal is a bimonthly scientific journal co-sponsored by the Crop Science Society of China and the Institute of Crop Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and China Science Publishing&Media Group Ltd.Published by Elsevier and Science Press.General requirements Contributions submitted to The Crop Journal must be original works of the author(s)that have not been previously published or simultaneously submitted to any other journals.The experiment related to crop yield should be conducted at

  10. GUIDE FOR AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Types of paper Contributions falling into the following categories will be considered for publication:Original articles in nursing research,clinical research and review articles.Please ensure that you select the appropriate article type from the list of options when preparing for your submission.Authors contributing to special issues should ensure that they select the special issue article type from this list.Before You Begin Ethics in Publishing For information on Ethics in Publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication see http://www.elsevier.com/publishingethics and http://www.elsevier.com/ethicalguidelines.

  11. Electrifying Current Events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Philip

    1980-01-01

    The author describes how he has adapted the television quiz show format of "College Bowl" to current events study for junior high school students. An insert explains use of the same technique with fourth graders. (SJL)

  12. Information for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    SCIENCE CHINA Mathematics,a peer-reviewed mathematical journal cosponsored by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Natural Science Foundation of China,and published by Science China Press and Springer,is committed to publishing high-quality,original results in both basic and applied research.SCIENCE CHINA Mathematics is published monthly in both print and electronic forms.It is indexed by Science Citation Index(SCI),Current Contents Connect,CompuMath Citation Index,Inspec,Zentralblatt Math(Z Math),Current Mathematical Publications(CMP),MathSciNet,etc.

  13. Information for authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Science in China Series A: Mathematics, a Peer review mathematical journal cosponsored by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Natural Science Foundation of China, and published by Science in China Press and Springer, is committed to publishing high-quality, original results in both basic and applied research. Science in China Series A: Mathematics is published monthly in both print and electronic forms. It is indexed by SC1-CD, Chemical Abstracts Service, Personal Alert, Current Contents, CompuMath Citation Index, Inspec, Zentralblatt Math, Aquatic Sciences & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Current Mathematical Publications (CMP), MathSciNet, Engineering Index Monthly Mathematics, Relevant for SPRINT, Subject Code, Mathematics, Applications of Mathematics.

  14. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    General COMMUNICATIONS IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS is published monthly by the Chinese Physical Society through the Institute of Theoretical Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Articles in this journal are abstracted/indexed in Science Citation Index (SCI), Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch), ISI Alerting Services, and Current Contents/Physical, Chemical and Earth Sciences;

  15. Information for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    1 General Asian Journal ofAndrology (AJA) is the official publication of the Asian Society of Andrology sponsored by the Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica,Chinese Academy of Sciences.The Journal has been included in 11 international indexing systems,including BIOSIS,CAB Abstracts,CAB Health,Chemical Abstracts,Current Contents/

  16. Contested sources of authority

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kyed, Helene Maria; Buur, Lars

    2006-01-01

    In Mozambique, the current legal framework institutionalizes a rural–urban differentiation of local governance, allowing for elected representation in thirty-three urban settings and the recognition of ‘community authorities’ in rural areas. This article deals with the latter by exploring...

  17. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    COMMUNICATIONS IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS is published monthly by the Chinese Physical Society through the Institute of Theoretical Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Articles in this journal are abstracted/indexed in Science Citation Index (SCI), Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch) ISI Alerting Services,and Current

  18. INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    GENERAL INFORMATION World Journal of Biological Chemistry(World J Biol Chem,WJBC,online ISSN 1949-8454,DOI:10.4331),is a monthly,open-access(OA), peer-reviewed journal supported by an editorial board of 523 experts in biochemistry and molecular biology from 40 countries. The biggest advantage of the OA model is that it provides free, full-text articles in PDF and other formats for experts and the public without registration,which eliminates the obstacle that traditional journals possess and usually delays the speed of the propagation and communication of scientific research results.The open access model has been proven to be a true approach that may achieve the ultimate goal of the journals,i.e.the maximization of the value to the readers, authors and society.

  19. A question of authority

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morgan, Earl W.(BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

    2003-10-15

    A Question of Authority. This article deals with a certain scenario and several reviewers are to give their opinion. This one is in regards to - Suspending an IACUC approved animal use activity is about the last thing a research institution wants to do. Consider the predicament that the Great Eastern University IACUC faced when Dr. Janet Jenkins, the Attending Veterinarian, suspended all animal use activity on an approved protocol of Dr. Roy Maslo. Jenkins had the IACUCs authority to temporarily suspend a protocol, subject to review by a quorum of the full committee. She alleged that Maslo used mice from his breeding colony, not purchased rats, to begin a new study. Jenkins saw Maslos technicians bringing mouse cages to a procedure room and setting up for a minor survival surgery. She asked them to wait until she clarified things as she felt confident that the protocol called for rats. She called Maslo and asked him if the study had been approved for mice, to which he responded affirmatively. Still not feeling quite assured, she went to her office, reviewed the protocol, and found only rat studies described. She also called the IACUC office to see if there were any approved amendments which she may not have received, and was told that there were none. By the time she returned, one procedure was completed. Understandably upset, she informed the technicians and Maslo that any further activity on the protocol was suspended until the issue was resolved. Jenkins informed the IACUC chairman who in turned called an emergency meeting of the committee.

  20. Reply to "Comment on 'Stochastic dynamics of the prisoner's dilemma with cooperation facilitators' ".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobilia, Mauro

    2013-10-01

    The fixation properties of a simple prisoner's dilemma game in the presence of "cooperation facilitators" have recently been investigated in finite and well-mixed populations for various dynamics [Mobilia, Phys. Rev. E 86, 011134 (2012)]. In a Comment, Miękisz claims that, for cooperation to be favored by selection in the standard prisoner's dilemma games with facilitators, it suffices that f(C)>f(D) (where f(C/D) are the respective fitnesses of cooperators and defectors). In this Reply, we show that, in generic prisoner's dilemma games with ℓ cooperation facilitators, it is generally not sufficient that a single cooperator has a higher fitness than defectors to ensure that selection favors cooperation. In fact, it is also necessary that selection promotes the replacement of defection by cooperation in a population of size N, which requires that the fixation probability of a single cooperator exceeds (N-ℓ)(-1). This replacement condition is independent of f(C)>f(D) and, when the payoff for mutual defection is negative, it is shown to be more stringent than the invasion condition. Our results, illustrated by a series of examples, considerably generalize those reported in the paper [Phys. Rev. E 86, 011134 (2012)] and in the aforementioned Comment whose claims are demonstrated to be relevant only for a special subclass of prisoner's dilemma games.

  1. Reply to: ''Improved Determination of the CKM Angle alpha from B -> pipi decays''

    CERN Document Server

    Charles, J; Lacker, H; Le Diberder, F R; T'Jampens, S

    2007-01-01

    In reply to hep-ph/0701204 we demonstrate why the arguments made therein do not address the criticism exposed in hep-ph/0607246 on the fundamental shortcomings of the Bayesian approach when it comes to the extraction of parameters of Nature from experimental data. As for the isospin analysis and the CKM angle alpha it is shown that the use of uniform priors for the observed quantities in the Explicit Solution parametrization is equivalent to a frequentist construction resulting from a change of variables, and thus relies neither on prior PDFs nor on Bayes' theorem. This procedure provides in this particular case results that are similar to the Confidence Level approach, but the treatment of mirror solutions remains incorrect and it is far from being general. In a second part it is shown that important differences subsist between the Bayesian and frequentist approaches, when following the proposal of hep-ph/0701204 and inserting additional information on the hadronic amplitudes beyond isospin invariance. In pa...

  2. The Psycho-Lexical Approach in Exploring the Field of Values: A Reply to Schwartz.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raad, Boele De; Timmerman, Marieke E; Morales-Vives, Fabia; Renner, Walter; Barelds, Dick P H; Pieter Van Oudenhoven, Jan

    2017-04-01

    We reply to each of the issues raised by Schwartz in a commentary on our article on a comparison of value taxonomies. We discuss two approaches, mentioned in that commentary, the lexical approach and the theory-driven approach, especially with respect to their capacities in covering the domain of values and with respect to the representation of important values in a useful structure. We refute the critique by Schwartz that the lexical approach is superfluous, because his theory "toward universals in values" would already cover all values, and that their mutual relationships are relevant to individuals around the globe. We explain the necessity and strength of the lexical approach in taxonomizing the value domain, both within and across languages. Furthermore, we argue that principal components analysis (PCA) and simultaneous component analysis (SCA) are most adequate in arriving at a satisfactory structuring of the great many values in terms of both underlying constructs and their facets. We point to a misrepresentation in Schwartz's circular model, and we review some misunderstandings on the side of Schwartz with respect to our results in comparison with those proceeding from his circular model.

  3. Reply to "Comment on 'Third law of thermodynamics as a key test of generalized entropies' ".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bento, E P; Viswanathan, G M; da Luz, M G E; Silva, R

    2015-07-01

    In Bento et al. [Phys. Rev. E 91, 039901 (2015)] we develop a method to verify if an arbitrary generalized statistics does or does not obey the third law of thermodynamics. As examples, we address two important formulations, Kaniadakis and Tsallis. In their Comment on the paper, Bagci and Oikonomou suggest that our examination of the Tsallis statistics is valid only for q≥1, using arguments like there is no distribution maximizing the Tsallis entropy for the interval qlaw is not verified) compatible with the problem energy expression. In this Reply, we first (and most importantly) show that the Comment misses the point. In our original work we have considered the now already standard construction of the Tsallis statistics. So, if indeed such statistics lacks a maximization principle (a fact irrelevant in our protocol), this is an inherent feature of the statistics itself and not a problem with our analysis. Second, some arguments used by Bagci and Oikonomou (for 0

  4. Taking 'know' for an answer: a reply to Nagel, San Juan, and Mar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starmans, Christina; Friedman, Ori

    2013-12-01

    Nagel, San Juan, and Mar report an experiment investigating lay attributions of knowledge, belief, and justification. They suggest that, in keeping with the expectations of philosophers, but contra recent empirical findings [Starmans, C. & Friedman, O. (2012). The folk conception of knowledge. Cognition, 124, 272-283], laypeople consistently deny knowledge in Gettier cases, regardless of whether the beliefs are based on 'apparent' or 'authentic' evidence. In this reply, we point out that Nagel et al. employed a questioning method that biased participants to deny knowledge. Moreover, careful examination of participants' responses reveals that they attributed knowledge in Gettier cases. We also note that Nagel et al. misconstrue the distinction between 'apparent' and 'authentic' evidence, and use scenarios that do not feature the structure that characterizes most Gettier cases. We conclude that NS&M's findings are fully compatible with the claim that laypeople attribute knowledge in Gettier cases in general, but are significantly less likely to attribute knowledge when a belief is generated based on apparent evidence.

  5. Reply to "Comment on `Third law of thermodynamics as a key test of generalized entropies' "

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bento, E. P.; Viswanathan, G. M.; da Luz, M. G. E.; Silva, R.

    2015-07-01

    In Bento et al. [Phys. Rev. E 91, 039901 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevE.91.039901] we develop a method to verify if an arbitrary generalized statistics does or does not obey the third law of thermodynamics. As examples, we address two important formulations, Kaniadakis and Tsallis. In their Comment on the paper, Bagci and Oikonomou suggest that our examination of the Tsallis statistics is valid only for q ≥1 , using arguments like there is no distribution maximizing the Tsallis entropy for the interval q <0 (in which the third law is not verified) compatible with the problem energy expression. In this Reply, we first (and most importantly) show that the Comment misses the point. In our original work we have considered the now already standard construction of the Tsallis statistics. So, if indeed such statistics lacks a maximization principle (a fact irrelevant in our protocol), this is an inherent feature of the statistics itself and not a problem with our analysis. Second, some arguments used by Bagci and Oikonomou (for 0

  6. Failing the duck test: Reply to Barbaro, Boutwell, Barnes, and Shackelford (2017).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verhage, Marije L; Schuengel, Carlo; Fearon, R M Pasco; Madigan, Sheri; Oosterman, Mirjam; Cassibba, Rosalinda; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H

    2017-01-01

    In this reply, we respond to the critique by Barbaro, Boutwell, Barnes, and Shackelford (2017) in regard to our recent meta-analysis of intergenerational transmission of attachment (Verhage et al., 2016). Barbaro et al. (2017) claim that the influence of shared environment on attachment decreases with age, whereas unique environmental and genetic influences increase, which they felt was disregarded in our meta-analysis. Their criticisms, we argue, are based on a misunderstanding of the core tenets of attachment theory. Barbaro et al. (2017) unify parent-offspring attachment, attachment representations, and romantic-pair attachment under the same conceptual and empirical umbrella, even though these constructs serve different behavioral systems. We show that excluding the incompatible twin data on pair bonding from their analysis undercuts their argument. Statements about the role of the shared environment in attachment beyond early childhood are highly uncertain at this point. Importantly, even if the role of the shared environment were to wane with age, its effects may still be causally important in later childhood or adult outcomes, as either an indirect factor or as a factor influencing earlier developmental outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  7. Multiple interpretations of long-term working memory theory: Reply to Delaney and Ericsson (2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foroughi, Cyrus K; Werner, Nicole E; Barragán, Daniela; Boehm-Davis, Deborah A

    2016-10-01

    This reply is in response to Delaney and Ericsson (2016), who argue that the results of our recent research (Foroughi, Werner, Barragán, & Boehm-Davis, 2015) can be explained by Ericsson and Kintsch's (1995) long-term working memory (LTWM) theory. Our original work was designed to test the prediction made by LTWM theory that interruptions of up to 30 s in duration would not disrupt reading performance. We conducted the work following the method and outcome measures recommended by Ericsson and Kintsch (1995). Our data were clear: interruptions disrupted reading comprehension. We believe that these data do not support predictions made by LTWM theory. Although we appreciate Delaney and Ericsson's (2016) comments, we are unsure how best to move forward because it appears that some of their comments are not consistent with the published work on LTWM theory. Because of the inconsistent and contradictory claims surrounding LTWM theory, the theory does not appear to be falsifiable, or is in danger of becoming unfalsifiable. Creating and testing theory is vital for the advancement of psychological science, but it appears that testing predictions made by LTWM would be very difficult, if not impossible, given the fluid state of the theory. (PsycINFO Database Record

  8. Dynamics of real financial markets: A reply to Frank’s comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bassler, Kevin E.; Gunaratne, Gemunu H.; McCauley, Joseph L.

    2008-05-01

    This reply addresses the assertion in the comment of T.D. Frank [T.D. Frank, Physica A 387 (2008) 773] on our paper [K.E. Bassler, G.H. Gunaratne, J.L. McCauley, Physica A 369 (2006) 343] that the approach to modeling financial markets that we propose is unrealistic. In our paper, we considered variable diffusion processes that have a diffusion coefficient that varies with both position (return in finance) and time, and used them to show that measuring a Hurst exponent H≠1/2 in a time series does not necessarily imply correlations between increments. We also proposed that such a variable diffusion process is the underlying stochastic process governing the dynamics of financial markets. Frank asserts that this is unrealistic because variable diffusion processes with H≠1/2 are driven with a “force” that varies in time as a power law. He claims, instead, that markets obey nonextensive thermostatistics. We discuss evidence from a recently published empirical study of the Euro-Dollar exchange rate [K.E. Bassler, J.L. McCauley, G.H. Gunaratne, PNAS 104 (2007) 17287] that shows that the market can be described with a variable diffusion process, but is inconsistent with nonextensive thermostatistics. This evidence demonstrates that our modeling approach is realistic and accurate.

  9. Authorization basis requirements comparison report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brantley, W.M.

    1997-08-18

    The TWRS Authorization Basis (AB) consists of a set of documents identified by TWRS management with the concurrence of DOE-RL. Upon implementation of the TWRS Basis for Interim Operation (BIO) and Technical Safety Requirements (TSRs), the AB list will be revised to include the BIO and TSRs. Some documents that currently form part of the AB will be removed from the list. This SD identifies each - requirement from those documents, and recommends a disposition for each to ensure that necessary requirements are retained when the AB is revised to incorporate the BIO and TSRs. This SD also identifies documents that will remain part of the AB after the BIO and TSRs are implemented. This document does not change the AB, but provides guidance for the preparation of change documentation.

  10. Information for authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Science in China Series A:Mathematics,a peer re- view mathematical journal cosponsored by the Chi- nese Academy of Sciences and the National Natural Science Foundation of China,and published by Sci- ence in China Press and Springer,is committed to publishing high-quality,original results in both basic and applied research. Science in China Series A:Mathematics is published monthly in both print and electronic forms.It is indexed by SCI-CD,Chemical Abstracts Service,Per sonal Alert,Current Contents,CompuMath Citation Index,Inspec,Zentralblatt Math,Aquatic Sciences & Fisheries Abstracts(ASFA),Current Mathematical Publications(CMP),MathSciNet,Engineering Index Monthly Mathematics,Relevant for SPRINT,Subject Code,Mathematics,Applications of Mathematics.

  11. Information for authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Science in China Series A: Mathematics, a peer review mathematical journal cosponsored by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Natural Science Foundation of China, and published by Science in China Press and Springer, is committed to publishing high-quality, original results in both basic and applied research. Science in China Series A: Mathematics is published monthly in both print and electronic forms. It is indexed by SCI-CD, Chemical Abstracts Service, Per sonal Alert, Current Contents, CompuMath Citation Index, Inspec, Zentralblatt Math, Aquatic Sciences & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Current Mathematical Publications (CMP), MathSciNet, Engineering Index Monthly Mathematics, Relevant for SPRINT, Subject Code, Mathematics, Applications of Mathematics.

  12. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    COMMUNICATIONS IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS is publishedmonthly by the Chinese Physical Society through the Institute of Theoretical Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Articles in this journal are abstracted/indexed in Science Citation Index (SCI), Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch), ISI Alerting Services, and Current Contents/Physical, Chemical and Earth Sciences; Science Abstracts (SA), Chemical Abstracts (CA), Mathematical Review(MR), and PЖ, etc. Contributions all over the world are mostwelcome.

  13. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    General COMMUNICATIONS THEORETICAL PHYSICS is published monthly by the Chinese Physical Society through the Institute of Theoretical Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Articles in this journal are abstracted/indexed in Science Citation Index (SCI), Science Citation Index Expanded(also known as SciSearch), ISI Alerting Services, and CurrentContents/Physical, Chemical and Earth Sciences; Science Abstracts (SA), Chemical Abstracts (CA), Mathematical Review(MR), and PЖ, etc. Contributions all over the world are most welcome.

  14. Information for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    General Asian Journal ofAndrology (AJA) is the official publication of the Asian Society of Andrology sponsored by the Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Joumal has been included in 11 intemational indexing systems, including BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CAB Health, Chemical Abstracts, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, Index Medicus, MEDLINE, PASCAL, Research Alert, and SCI Expanded. The Impact Factor is 1.064 and ranks third among the intemational andrology ioumals.

  15. Information for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    1 General Asian Journal of Andrology (AJA) is the official publication of the Asian Society of Andrology sponsored by the Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Journal has been included in 11 international indexing systems, including BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CAB Health, Chemical Abstracts, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, Index Medicus, MEDLINE, PASCAL, Research Alert, and SCI Expanded. The Impact Factor is 0.827 and ranks third among the international andrology journals.

  16. Information for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    General Asian Journal ofAndrology (AJA) is the official publication of the Asian Society of Andrology sponsored by the Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Journal has been included in 11 international indexing systems, including BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CAB Health, Chemical Abstracts, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, Index Medicus, MEDLINE, PASCAL, Research Alert, and SCI Expanded. The Impact Factor is 1.064 and ranks third among the international andrology journals.

  17. Becoming Co-Authors: Toward Sharing Authority in Religious Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyun-Sook

    2009-01-01

    This article offers an alternative model, the model of shared authority, to the traditional, authoritarian model for authority and obedience for Religious Education. This model moves away from the authoritarian model of a teacher as the authority and the students as obedient listeners in the direction of a shared authority model in which teachers…

  18. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    General COMMUNICATIONS IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS (CTP) is published monthly by the Chinese Physical Society through the Institute of Theoretical Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and online by IOP Publishing Ltd. Articles in this journal are abstracted/indexed in Science Citation Index (SCI), Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch), ISI Alerting Services, and Current Contents/Physical, Chemical and Earth Sciences; Science Abstracts (SA), Chemical Abstracts (CA), Mathematical Review (MR), and Russian Abstract Journal (Pψ), etc. Contributions from all over the world are most welcome.

  19. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    General COMMUNICATIONS IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS (CTP) is published monthly by the Chinese Physical Society through the Institute of Theoretical Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and online by IOP Publishing Ltd. Articles in this journal are abstracted/indexed in Science Citation Index (SCI), Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch), ISI Alerting Services, and Current Contents/Physical, Chemical and Earth Sciences; Science Abstracts (SA), Chemical Abstracts (CA), Mathematical Review (MR),

  20. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    General COMMUNICATIONS IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS (CTP) is pub- lished monthly by the Chinese Physical Society through the Institute of Theoretical Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sci- ences, and online by 10P Publishing Ltd. Articles in this jour- nal are abstracted/indexed in Science Citation Index (SCI), Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch), ISI Alerting Services, and Current Contents/Physical, Chemi- cal and Earth Sciences; Science Abstracts (SA), Chemical Ab- stracts (CA), Mathematical Review (MR), and Russian Ab- stract Journal (P:K), etc. Contributions from all over the world are most welcome.

  1. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    General COMMUNICATIONS IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS (CTP) is pub- lished monthly by the Chinese Physical Society through the Institute of Theoretical Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sci- ences, and online by IOP Publishing Ltd. Articles in this jour- hal are abstracted/indexed in Science Citation Index (SCI), Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch), ISI Alerting Services, and Current Contents/Physical, Chemi- cal and Earth Sciences; Science Abstracts (SA), Chemical Ab- stracts (CA), Mathematical Review (MR), and Russian Ab- stract Journal (PHi), etc. Contributions from all over the world are most welcome.

  2. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    COMMUNICATIONS IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS (CTP) is pub- lished monthly by the Chinese Physical Society through the Institute of Theoretical Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sci- ences, and online by IOP Publishing Ltd. Articles in this jour- nal are abstracted/indexed in Science Citation Index (SCI), Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch), ISI Alerting Services, and Current Contents/Physical, Chemi- cal and Earth Sciences; Science Abstracts (SA), Chemical Ab- stracts (CA), Mathematical Review (MR), and Russian Ab- stract Journal (P, etc. Contributions from all over the world are most welcome.

  3. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    General COMMUNICATIONS IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS (CTP) is pub- lished monthly by the Chinese Physical Society through the Institute of Theoretical Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sci- ences, and online by IOP Publishing Ltd. Articles in this jour- nal are abstracted/indexed in Science Citation Index (SCI), Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch), ISI Alerting Services, and Current Contents/Physical, Chemi- cal and Earth Sciences; Science Abstracts (SA), Chemical Abstracts (CA), Mathematical Review (MR), and Russian Ab- stract Journal (PkK), etc. Contributions from all over the world are most welcome.

  4. Instructions to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    General COMMUNICATIONS IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS (CTP) is pub- lished monthly by the Chinese Physical Society through the Institute of Theoretical Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sci- ences, and online by IOP Publishing Ltd. Articles in this jour- nal are abstracted/indexed in Science Citation Index (SCI), Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch), ISI Alerting Services, and Current Contents/Physical, Chemi- cal and Earth Sciences; Science Abstracts (SA), Chemical Ab- stracts (CA), Mathematical Review (MR), and Russian Abstract Journal (P), etc. Contributions from all over the world are most welcome.

  5. Information for authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Science in China Series A:Mathematics,a Peer re- view mathematical journal cosponsored by the Chi- nese Academy of Sciences and the National Natural Science Foundation of China,and published by Sci- ence in China Press and Springer,is committed to publishing high-quality,original results in both basic and applied research. Science in China Series A:Mathematics is published monthly in both print and electronic forms.It is indexed by SC1-CD,Chemical Abstracts Service,Personal Alert.Current Contents.CompuMath Citation Index.

  6. Information for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Science in China Series A: Mathematics, a peerreviewed mathematical journal cosponsored by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Natural Science Foundation of China, and published by Science in China Press and Springer,is committed to publishing high-quality, original results in both basic and applied research. Science in China Series A: Mathematics is published monthly in both print and electronic forms. It is indexed by Science Citation Index (SCI), Chemical Abstracts Service, Personal Alert, Current Contents, CompuMath Citation Index,

  7. INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    GENERAL INFORMATION World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery(World J Gastrointest Surg,WJGS,online ISSN 1948-9366,DOI:10.4240)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scopeWJGS covers topics concerning micro-invasive surgery;laparos-copy;hepatic,biliary,pancreatic and splenic surgery;surgical nutri-tion;portal hypertension,as well as associated subjects.The current

  8. INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    GENERAL INFORMATION World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery(World J Gastrointest Surg,WJGS,online ISSN 1948-9366,DOI:10.4240)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJGS covers topics concerning micro-invasive surgery;laparoscopy;hepatic,biliary,pancreatic and splenic surgery;surgical nutrition;portal hypertension,as well as associated subjects.The current columns of WJGS include editorial,frontier,diagnostic advances,

  9. Authors or signatories?

    CERN Multimedia

    James Gillies

    2012-01-01

    Over recent years, the traditional author list has been joined by a new kid on the block: a signatory list, used by projects ranging from TESLA to SuperB, and soon to be joined by CLIC. What’s the difference?   Next week, the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for CLIC Physics and Detectors will be published, and it will be fronted by a signatory list of over 1000 people. A volume describing the CLIC accelerator will follow soon after. CLIC, the Compact Linear Collider, is an international study for a possible future particle physics research facility, and one of several options on the table for the post-LHC era. Keeping future options open has been part of the normal run of things since particle-physics-time-immemorial: several technologies are studied and developed in parallel so that when the physics results from operating facilities point the way forward, the community can choose the best option for the physics, and for the available resources. “Long-term R&D is essen...

  10. Reply to ‘‘Comments on ‘On the Steadiness of Separating Meandering Currents’’’

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Leeuwen, P.J.; de Ruijter, W.P.M.

    2012-01-01

    The authors thank Nof et al. for their comments on the authors’ paper ‘‘On the steadiness of separating meandering currents.’’ The authors’ paper was motivated by a series of papers by Nof et al. Under a certain set of conditions (reduced gravity, steady state, no meridional velocity at outflow, and

  11. Reply to "Comment on `Gamma-ray spectra from low-energy positron annihilation processes in molecules' "

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Xiaoguang; Wang, Meishan; Zhu, Yinghao; Yang, Chuanlu

    2017-03-01

    In reply to the Comment of Green et al. [Phys. Rev. A 95, 036701 (2017)., 10.1103/PhysRevA.95.036701] on our paper [Phys. Rev. A 94, 052709 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevA.94.052709], we reconfirm that all the conclusions are based on the observation and the comparisons of the theoretical and experimental data. One criticism of Green et al. [Phys. Rev. A 95, 036701 (2017)., 10.1103/PhysRevA.95.036701] concerns the positrophilic electrons and the inner valence electrons. The inner valence electrons or positrophilic electrons show most agreeable widths with the corresponding experimental measurements due to their narrowest momentum distributions for all 59 molecules. However, we agree with the criticism of Green et al. [Phys. Rev. A 95, 036701 (2017)., 10.1103/PhysRevA.95.036701] and reconfirm that this agreement does not represent the dominance of the inner valence in the annihilation process. In this Reply, we will clarify the difference between agreement and dominance and illustrate with some figures. Another criticism is about the approximation used in our paper. We emphasize that the averaged discrepancy of 34.2% for these molecules of the theoretical γ -ray spectra from the experimental measurements is due to the neglect of the positron-electron correlations, vibrational couplings, virtual-state formation, even tunneling of core electrons not the neglect of the positron wave function. In this Reply, we will show, even in this zero-order approximation, these positron-induced effects in the electron-positron annihilation process of molecules can also be analyzed with more corrections and explanations.

  12. Reply [to: Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reale, Oreste; Lau, William K.

    2010-01-01

    This article is a Reply to a Comment by Scott Braun on a previously published article by O. Reale, K.-M. Lau, and E. Brin: "Atlantic tropical cyclogenetic processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 global data assimilation and forecast system", by Reale, Lau and Brin, hereafter referred to as RA09. RA09 investigated the role of the Saharan Air Layer (SAL) in tropical cyclogenetic processes associated with a non-developing easterly wave observed during the Special Observation Period (SOP-3) phase of the 2006 NASA African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (MAMMA). The wave was chosen because both interact heavily with Saharan air. Results showed: a) very steep moisture gradients are associated with the SAL in forecasts and analyses even at great distance from the Sahara; b) a thermal dipole (warm above, cool below) in the non-developing case. RA09A suggested that radiative effect of dust may play some role in producing a thermal structure less favorable to cyclogenesis, and also indicated that only global horizontal resolutions on the order of 20-30 kilometers can capture the large-scale transport and the fine thermal structure of the SAL Braun (2010) questions those results attributing the wave dissipation to midlatitude air. The core discussion is on a dry filament preceding the wave, on the presence of dust, and on the origin of the air contained in this dry filament. In the 'Reply', higher resolution analyses than the ones used by Braun, taken at almost coincident times with Aqua and Terra passes, are shown, to emphasize how the channel of dry air associated with W1 is indeed rich in dust. Backtrajectories on a higher resolution grid are also performed, leading to results drastically different from Braun (2010), and in particularly showing that there is a clear contribution of Saharan air. Finally, the 'Reply' presents evidence on that analyses at a horizontal resolution of one degree are inadequate to investigate such feature.

  13. INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>GENERAL INFORMATION World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology(World J Gastrointest Oncol,WJGO,online ISSN 1948-5204,DOI:10.4251)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJGO covers topics concerning carcinogenesis,tumorigenesis,metastasis,diagnosis,prevention,prognosis,clinical manifestations,nutritional support,molecular mechanisms,and therapy of benign and malignant tumors of the digestive tract.The current columns of WJGO include editorial,frontier,diagnostic advances,therapeutics advances,field of vision,mini-reviews,review,topic highlight,medical ethics,original articles,case report,clinical case conference(Clinicopathological conference),and autobiography.Priority pub-

  14. Reply to comment by Añel on "Most computational hydrology is not reproducible, so is it really science?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutton, Christopher; Wagener, Thorsten; Freer, Jim; Han, Dawei; Duffy, Chris; Arheimer, Berit

    2017-03-01

    In this article, we reply to a comment made on our previous commentary regarding reproducibility in computational hydrology. Software licensing and version control of code are important technical aspects of making code and workflows of scientific experiments open and reproducible. However, in our view, it is the cultural change that is the greatest challenge to overcome to achieve reproducible scientific research in computational hydrology. We believe that from changing the culture and attitude among hydrological scientists, details will evolve to cover more (technical) aspects over time.

  15. Automatic Author Profiling of Online Chat Logs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    and current authorship analysis and attribution and previous work done on sociolinguistics . Machine learning techniques such as Naïve Bayes and...CHAPTER SUMMARY In this chapter, the movement of author attribution is briefly described, and previous findings in sociolinguists are presented. An

  16. SUBJECT AND AUTHOR INDEXS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IJBE Volume 1

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available SUBJECT INDEX IJBE VOLUME 1EPA, 1Agrotourism, 148AHP, 148balance scorecard, 63batik tulis Rolla Junior, 23Broiler, 90business model canvas, 137business performance,32capital structure, 81cashew industry,158CHAID,106CLI,42coal transportation service,63company’s characteristics, 81competitive advantage, 12competitive strategy, 127consumer satisfaction, 51CSI, 42customer loyalty, 42customer satisfaction,42decision of visitors, 72development strategy, 23development,158entrepreneurship, 32Feasibility studies, 90FEM, 81gap analysis, 1Indonesia Stock Exchange, 177Indosat, 137investor,177Kawah Putih, 72kedai sop durian lodaya (KSDL,51klassen typology, 96leading sector, 96less cash society, 137liquidity ratio, 165location quotient, 96logistic regression, 115market, 177marketing development strategy, 148Marketing mix, 72mobile payment, 137modern and Traditional cage, 90multiple regression analyse,165multiple regression, 177net working capital, 165organic tofu product, 115Padang, 106paired comparison, 63partnership, 1, 32Pecking Order Theory, 81PLS, 81Portfolio, 96power, 32product quality, 51profitability ratio, 165Prol Tape Primadona, 127purchase decision, 115purchase intention, 51purchasing interest,115QSPM, 23, 127refilled drinking water, 106seed,1segmentation, 106SEM, 42, 51service quality, 51SMEs, 96specialty coffee, 12stock,177strategic diagnosis,137strategy, 158Sukorambi Botanic Garden, 148SWOT, 23, 127, 148, 158SWOT-AHP, 12tourists,72UD. Primadona, 127value chain, 12VRIO,12 AUTHOR INDEX IJBE VOLUME 1Adiningsih, Kartika Puspitasari,42Aknesia, Vharessa,12Amalia, Firda Rachma,90Andati, Trias, 177Anggraeni, Lukytawati,23Asriani,158Daryanto, Arief,12, 90Djamaludin, MD., 42Djohar, Setiadi,96Fachrodji, Achmad,72Fahmi, Idqan,1, 63, 127Fasyni, Awisal,106Hubeis, Musa,148Iskandar, Dodi,51Juanda, Bambang, 165Kirbrandoko, 12, 106, 115Lumbantoruan, Dewi Margareth,96Maulana, TB Nur Ahmad,81Muksin, 148Mukti Soleh, Cecep,63Najib, Mukhamad,106Noor, Tajudin,81

  17. 28 CFR 105.21 - Purpose and authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Private Security Officer Employment § 105.21 Purpose and authority. (a) The purpose of this subpart is to... related information authorized by Section 6402 (The Private Security Officer Employment Authorization Act... records to screen prospective and current private security officers, and section 6402(d)(2) requires...

  18. Students' Attitudes on the Boundaries of Teachers' Authority

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yariv, Eliezer

    2009-01-01

    Educators in many countries are concerned about the decline in respect for authority by young people. The current study explores how children perceive their teachers' authority, what the "boundaries" (limits) to that authority are, and under what conditions they may decide to rebel. Over 200 Israeli elementary and middle school students were asked…

  19. OntoAIMS: ontological approach to courseware authoring

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mitchell, K.; Aroyo, L.M.; Lee, K-T.; Mizoguchi, R.; Tzolov, C.K.

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we discuss how current ontology concepts can be beneficial for more flexible and semantic rich description of the authoring process and for the provision of authoring support of Intelligent Educational Systems (IES) with respect to the three main authoring modules: domain editing,

  20. SUBJECT AND AUTHOR INDEXS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IJBE Volume 2

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available SUBJECT INDEX IJBE VOLUME 2access credit, 93acquisition, 177AHP, 61, 82, 165arena simulation,43BMC, 69Bojonegoro, 69brand choice, 208brand image, 208brand positioning, 208bullwhip effect, 43burger buns, 1business synergy and financial reports, 177capital structure, 130cluster, 151coal reserves, 130coffee plantation, 93competitiveness, 82consumer behaviour, 33consumer complaint behavior, 101cooking spices, 1crackers, 1cross sectional analytical, 139crosstab, 101CSI, 12direct selling, 122discriminant analysis, 33economic value added, 130, 187employee motivation, 112employee performance, 112employees, 139EOQ, 23farmer decisions, 93farmer group, 52financial performance evaluation, 187financial performance, 52, 177financial ratio, 187financial report, 187fiva food, 23food crops, 151horticulture, 151imports, 151improved capital structure, 177IPA, 12leading sector, 151life insurance, 165LotteMart, 43main product, 61marketing mix, 33, 165matrix SWOT, 69MPE, 61multiple linear regression, 122muslim clothing, 197Ogun, 139Pangasius fillet, 82Pati, 93pearson correlation, 101perceived value, 208performance suppy chain, 23PLS, 208POQ, 23portfolio analyzing, 1product, 101PT SKP, 122pulp and papers, 187purchase decision, 165purchase intention, 33remuneration, 112re-purchasing decisions, 197sales performance, 122sawmill, 52SCOR, 23sekolah peternakan rakyat, 69SEM, 112SERVQUAL, 12Sido Makmur farmer groups, 93SI-PUHH Online, 12small and medium industries (IKM, 61socio-demographic, 139sport drink, 208stress, 139supply chain, 43SWOT, 82the mix marketing, 197Tobin’s Q, 130trade partnership, 52uleg chili sauce, 1 AUTHOR INDEX IJBE VOLUME 2Achsani, Noer Azam, 177Andati, Trias, 52, 177Andihka, Galih, 208Arkeman, Yandra, 43Baga, Lukman M, 69Cahyanugroho, Aldi, 112Daryanto, Arief, 12David, Ajibade, 139Djoni, 122Fahmi, Idqan, 1Fattah, Muhammad Unggul Abdul, 61Hakim, Dedi Budiman, 187Harianto, 93Hartoyo, 101Homisah, 1Hubeis, Musa, 112Hutagaol, M. Parulian, 93Jaya, Stevana

  1. Authors' reply to comment on "Are repeated assisted reproductive technology treatments and an unsuccessful outcome risk factors for unipolar depression in infertile women?"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sejbaek, Camilla S.; Pinborg, Anja; Hageman, Ida

    2016-01-01

    The aim of our national register-based study (1) was to investigate the risk of a new episode of unipolar depression among women treated with assisted reproductive technology (ART) in regards to whether they had achieved a live birth (as a result of treatment or spontaneous conception) or not. He...

  2. Circulation of authorizations - Authority as a material and processuel configuration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benjaminsen, Nana

    of Science and Technology Studies and Actor-Network Theory (STS/ANT), I will suggest an interpretation of authority as a social and material entangled configuration, which adds to the more conventional understanding of authority as a relational matter between humans.   In the first part of the paper Vinciane...... and the teaching succeeds, then the teacher authorizes children to become good robot constructers and experimenters. The children authorize Robolab to be a well designed system that enables them to build robots. By supplying Lego brick, sensors and computer software, Lego Robolab authorize the children by making...... to the discussions of changed teacher roles within technology driven teaching....

  3. EAS Equipment Authorization Grantee Registrations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Communications Commission — EAS (Equipment Authorization System). Radio Frequency (RF) devices are required to be properly authorized under 47 CFR Part 2 prior to being marketed or imported...

  4. The Red-Attractiveness Effect, Applying the Ioannidis and Trikalinos (2007b) Test, and the Broader Scientific Context: A Reply to Francis (2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliot, Andrew J.; Maier, Markus A.

    2013-01-01

    Francis (2013) tested for and found evidence of publication bias in 1 of the 3 focal relations examined in Elliot et al. (2010), that between red and attractiveness. He then called into question the research as a whole and the field of experimental psychology more generally. Our reply has 3 foci. First, we attend to the bottom line regarding the…

  5. Much Ado about Something: Violent Video Game Effects and a School of Red Herring--Reply to Ferguson and Kilburn (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bushman, Brad J.; Rothstein, Hannah R.; Anderson, Craig A.

    2010-01-01

    In this article we reply to C. J. Ferguson and J. Kilburn's (2010) critique of our meta-analysis on violent video game effects (C. A. Anderson et al., 2010). We rely on well-established methodological and statistical theory and on empirical data to show that claims of bias and misinterpretation on our part are simply wrong. One should not…

  6. More on Grandmother Cells and the Biological Implausibility of PDP Models of Cognition: A Reply to Plaut and McClelland (2010) and Quian Quiroga and Kreiman (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, Jeffrey S.

    2010-01-01

    Plaut and McClelland (2010) and Quian Quiroga and Kreiman both challenged my characterization of localist and distributed representations. They also challenged the biological plausibility of grandmother cells on conceptual and empirical grounds. This reply addresses these issues in turn. The premise of my argument is that grandmother cells in…

  7. Reply to comment by Keith E. Schilling on "Climate and agricultural land use change impacts on streamflow in the upper Midwestern United States"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Satish C.; Kessler, Andrew C.; Brown, Melinda K.; Schuh, William M.

    2016-07-01

    This reply addresses concerns raised by Schilling (2016, doi:10.1002/2015WR018482) on Gupta et al. (2015a, doi: 10.1002/2015WR017323, 2015b, doi:10.1002/2015WR017323). To this end, we provide additional analysis of the Raccoon River flows in Iowa and show that both annual streamflow and baseflow are mainly controlled by precipitation.

  8. Reply to comment by Belmont et al. on "Climate and agricultural land use change impacts on streamflow in the upper midwestern United States"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Satish C.; Kessler, Andrew C.; Brown, Melinda K.; Schuh, William M.

    2016-09-01

    The reply addresses concerns raised by Belmont et al. (2016) on Gupta et al. (2015) through additional analysis of streamflow versus precipitation relationships for the Whetstone and the Redwood Rivers and with data on available soil moisture in prechange and postchange periods in the Cottonwood River watershed.

  9. Reply to comment by Foufoula-Georgiou et al. on "Climate and agricultural land use change impacts on streamflow in the upper midwestern United States"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Satish C.; Kessler, Andrew C.; Brown, Melinda K.; Schuh, William M.

    2016-09-01

    This reply addresses concerns raised by Foufoula-Georgiou et al. (2016) on Gupta et al. (2015) through additional regression analysis of streamflow and base flow and with description of the water quality conditions in the Minnesota River prior to European settlements in 1850s.

  10. Enhancing Author's Voice through Scripting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Chase J.; Rasinski, Timothy V.

    2011-01-01

    The authors suggest using scripting as a strategy to mentor and enhance author's voice in writing. Through gradual release, students use authentic literature as a model for writing with voice. The authors also propose possible extensions for independent practice, integration across content areas, and tips for evaluation.

  11. Author Identifiers in Scholarly Repositories

    CERN Document Server

    Warner, Simeon

    2010-01-01

    Bibliometric and usage-based analyses and tools highlight the value of information about scholarship contained within the network of authors, articles and usage data. Less progress has been made on populating and using the author side of this network than the article side, in part because of the difficulty of unambiguously identifying authors. I briefly review a sample of author identifier schemes, and consider use in scholarly repositories. I then describe preliminary work at arXiv to implement public author identifiers, services based on them, and plans to make this information useful beyond the boundaries of arXiv.

  12. Some keys to reread authority.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Straehle

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article vindicates a rereading of the concept of authority and tries to dissociate this concept from the concept of power in order to undo their identification and thereby the oblivion of the specific nature (or the history of authority. Besides, this rereading must not be confused with an apology of authority but with an exploration about this complicated and ambivalent category. The key point of this distinction lies in that authority, unlike power, depends not on itself but on the other person, the person who acknowledges another one as authority. Therefore, authority can be compatible with freedom and can appear as an exteriority of power, which undermines it or even becomes a counterpower. Hence the logical endeavours of power to monopolize and instrumentalize authority.

  13. 31 CFR 210.4 - Authorizations and revocations of authorizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authorizations and revocations of authorizations. 210.4 Section 210.4 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... corporate action, or the appointment of a receiver, conservator, or liquidator for the RDFI. In any such...

  14. INVESTIGATION AUTHORITIES OF FINANCIAL SERVICES AUTHORITY IN SYARIAH BANKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamsir

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to explore the authority of the FSA as one of the institutions that deal with crime investigation in banking institutions, especially in Islamic Banking. Investigators FSA has great authority other than the authority to conduct investigations that are not owned by other investigators. The existence of this authority would lead to overlapping investigation with a given investigation agencies such as the police and the prosecutor. Fundamental problems are experienced by the FSA in conducting the investigation is less availability of human resources of FSA investigator. Therefore, inevitably required cooperation with the Police in effecting the FSA investigation. Effectiveness of investigations conducted by the FSA task for banking crimes that occurred in Islamic Banking is need synergy of communication and coordination with the DSN as an institution authorized by the Islamic Banking Act to provide recommendations to other agencies including the FSA if there is suspicion of a criminal offense in Islamic Banking.

  15. Effects of Past and Recent Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Level on Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke Mortality, Accounting for Measurement Error - Reply ( letter to the editor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boshuizen, H.C.; Lanti, M.; Menotti, A.; Moschandreas, J.; Tolonen, H.; Nissinen, A.; Nedeljkovic, S.; Kafatos, A.; Kromhout, D.

    2008-01-01

    The authors aimed to quantify the effects of current systolic blood pressure (SBP) and serum total cholesterol on the risk of mortality in comparison with SBP or serum cholesterol 25 years previously, taking measurement error into account. The authors reanalyzed 35-year follow-up data on mortality d

  16. Effects of Past and Recent Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Level on Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke Mortality, Accounting for Measurement Error - Reply ( letter to the editor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boshuizen, H.C.; Lanti, M.; Menotti, A.; Moschandreas, J.; Tolonen, H.; Nissinen, A.; Nedeljkovic, S.; Kafatos, A.; Kromhout, D.

    2008-01-01

    The authors aimed to quantify the effects of current systolic blood pressure (SBP) and serum total cholesterol on the risk of mortality in comparison with SBP or serum cholesterol 25 years previously, taking measurement error into account. The authors reanalyzed 35-year follow-up data on mortality

  17. Effects of Past and Recent Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Level on Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke Mortality, Accounting for Measurement Error - Reply ( letter to the editor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boshuizen, H.C.; Lanti, M.; Menotti, A.; Moschandreas, J.; Tolonen, H.; Nissinen, A.; Nedeljkovic, S.; Kafatos, A.; Kromhout, D.

    2008-01-01

    The authors aimed to quantify the effects of current systolic blood pressure (SBP) and serum total cholesterol on the risk of mortality in comparison with SBP or serum cholesterol 25 years previously, taking measurement error into account. The authors reanalyzed 35-year follow-up data on mortality d

  18. Reply to cond-mat/0211660: Comments on "A model for fatigue in ferroelectric perovskite thin films" published in Appl. Phys. Lett, 76, 1060 (2000); addendum, ibid. p.3655

    OpenAIRE

    Dawber, M.; Scott, J. F.

    2002-01-01

    This is a reply to cond-mat/0211660 by A.K. Taganstev, which consists of a set of criticisms of our publications on polarisation fatigue in Applied Physics Letters. Although his comments were rejected by Applied Physics Letters more than two years ago, Dr Tagantsev has published them in this archive on 29/11/2002. We reply to each of his criticisms here.

  19. Myocardial perfusion imaging in Denmark: activity from 1997 to 2001 and current practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Claus Leth; Kjaer, Andreas

    2003-01-01

    A questionnaire was sent to all departments of nuclear medicine in Denmark (n=20) asking for details of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), including the number of patients examined each year from 1997 to 2001 and the current clinical and technical practice. All (100%) departments replied...... studies was dipyridamole/adenosine in 76%, exercise in 18% and dobutamine in 6%. Despite these encouraging figures, MPI activity for 2001 remained well below what is recommended by other national and international societies. The anticipated further increase in nuclear cardiology is encouraging...

  20. Enhancing Author Information for CERN Document Server: Creating an Author Collection and Using Author Disambiguation Methods

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2096274; Witowski, Sebastian

    Authors are a substantial part of queries in digital libraries, where the results are reflecting the service quality and success. Ambiguous author names can confuse users and cause an inaccurate relation between authorships and individual researchers. Providing a set of disambiguated authors is challenging and related to data integration, since this is done in several ways and by different systems, both manually and automatically. Many disambiguation algorithms have been proposed in the literature, where the most solutions are solving the ambiguities by applying machine learning techniques. However, such problems cannot be solved with an accuracy of 100%. Our contributions to the CERN Document Server presented in this work consists of two parts: first, we create and deploy an author knowledge data base (collection) and second, we link authors of bibliographic records back to their authority records. For the latter, we use a library providing machine learning tools for clustering (where we use trained data fro...

  1. Unauthorized Appropriations and Expiring Authorizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-15

    health campaign on epilepsy ; Health Resources Services Administration seizure disorder demonstration projects in medically underserved areas; infant...Authorized: Indefinite Unauthorized FY 2015 Appropriations: Not Available American history for freedom : grants to institutions of higher education for...American Energy Freedom (secs. 1421 - 1423) * FY 2006 Appropriation Authorized: Indefinite Unauthorized FY 2015 Appropriations: Not Available A

  2. Children's Conceptions of Parental Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tisak, Marie S.

    1986-01-01

    Examines children's conceptions of parental authority. A total of 120 children were interviewed and asked to evaluate social events (stealing, family chores, friendship choice) pertaining to restraint of behavior and maintenance of parental rule systems. Results suggest that children's notions of authority are heterogeneous with respect to the…

  3. Children's Conceptions of Parental Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tisak, Marie S.

    1986-01-01

    Examines children's conceptions of parental authority. A total of 120 children were interviewed and asked to evaluate social events (stealing, family chores, friendship choice) pertaining to restraint of behavior and maintenance of parental rule systems. Results suggest that children's notions of authority are heterogeneous with respect to the…

  4. Student Authority: Antidote to Alienation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Joan

    2010-01-01

    The widespread disaffection of students from school is manifested in academic failure, indifference, and defiance. These problems can be alleviated, I argue, when an authority structure is developed that combines three components--freedom, power, and legitimacy. Authority understood as either power or freedom is apt to subvert students' school…

  5. The Teacher's Source of Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frye, Northrop

    1979-01-01

    An argument is developed that suggests the authority of a work of literature lies in its transcendent themes having the power of illumination through the development of an increased understanding of one's own life and the lives of others. (Author/MLF)

  6. Young Chinese Children's Authority Concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yau, Jenny; Smetana, Judith G.; Metzger, Aaron

    2009-01-01

    Using multilevel analyses, we examined the influence of domain (moral, conventional, and personal) and the familiarity of different authority figures (mother, teacher, person in charge, and stranger) in public, school, or home settings in 123 four to seven-year-old Chinese children (M = 5.6 years) in Hong Kong. Children affirmed authority more for…

  7. Reply to comments on 'Energy in one-dimensional linear waves in a string'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burko, Lior M [Department of Physics and Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)

    2011-11-15

    In this reply we respond to comments made by Repetto et al and by Butokov on our letter (Burko 2010 Eur. J. Phys. 31 L71-7), in which we discussed two different results for the elastic potential energy of a string element. One derived from the restoring force on a stretched string element and the other from the work done to bring the string to a certain distorted configuration. We argue that one cannot prefer from fundamental principles the former over the latter (or vice versa), and therefore one may apply either expression to situations in which their use contributes to insight. The two expressions are different by a boundary term which has a clear physical interpretation. For the case of standing waves, we argue that the latter approach has conceptual clarity that may contribute to physical understanding. (letters and comments)

  8. Profit (p)-index: the degree to which authors profit from co-authors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aziz, Nasir Ahmad; Rozing, Maarten Pieter

    2013-01-01

    Current metrics for estimating a scientist's academic performance treat the author's publications as if these were solely attributable to the author. However, this approach ignores the substantive contributions of co-authors, leading to misjudgments about the individual's own scientific merits and consequently to misallocation of funding resources and academic positions. This problem is becoming the more urgent in the biomedical field where the number of collaborations is growing rapidly, making it increasingly harder to support the best scientists. Therefore, here we introduce a simple harmonic weighing algorithm for correcting citations and citation-based metrics such as the h-index for co-authorships. This weighing algorithm can account for both the nvumber of co-authors and the sequence of authors on a paper. We then derive a measure called the 'profit (p)-index', which estimates the contribution of co-authors to the work of a given author. By using samples of researchers from a renowned Dutch University hospital, Spinoza Prize laureates (the most prestigious Dutch science award), and Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine, we show that the contribution of co-authors to the work of a particular author is generally substantial (i.e., about 80%) and that researchers' relative rankings change materially when adjusted for the contributions of co-authors. Interestingly, although the top University hospital researchers had the highest h-indices, this appeared to be due to their significantly higher p-indices. Importantly, the ranking completely reversed when using the profit adjusted h-indices, with the Nobel laureates having the highest, the Spinoza Prize laureates having an intermediate, and the top University hospital researchers having the lowest profit adjusted h-indices, respectively, suggesting that exceptional researchers are characterized by a relatively high degree of scientific independency/originality. The concepts and methods introduced here may

  9. Profit (p-index: the degree to which authors profit from co-authors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasir Ahmad Aziz

    Full Text Available Current metrics for estimating a scientist's academic performance treat the author's publications as if these were solely attributable to the author. However, this approach ignores the substantive contributions of co-authors, leading to misjudgments about the individual's own scientific merits and consequently to misallocation of funding resources and academic positions. This problem is becoming the more urgent in the biomedical field where the number of collaborations is growing rapidly, making it increasingly harder to support the best scientists. Therefore, here we introduce a simple harmonic weighing algorithm for correcting citations and citation-based metrics such as the h-index for co-authorships. This weighing algorithm can account for both the nvumber of co-authors and the sequence of authors on a paper. We then derive a measure called the 'profit (p-index', which estimates the contribution of co-authors to the work of a given author. By using samples of researchers from a renowned Dutch University hospital, Spinoza Prize laureates (the most prestigious Dutch science award, and Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine, we show that the contribution of co-authors to the work of a particular author is generally substantial (i.e., about 80% and that researchers' relative rankings change materially when adjusted for the contributions of co-authors. Interestingly, although the top University hospital researchers had the highest h-indices, this appeared to be due to their significantly higher p-indices. Importantly, the ranking completely reversed when using the profit adjusted h-indices, with the Nobel laureates having the highest, the Spinoza Prize laureates having an intermediate, and the top University hospital researchers having the lowest profit adjusted h-indices, respectively, suggesting that exceptional researchers are characterized by a relatively high degree of scientific independency/originality. The concepts and methods

  10. Spin current

    CERN Document Server

    Valenzuela, Sergio O; Saitoh, Eiji; Kimura, Takashi

    2012-01-01

    In a new branch of physics and technology called spin-electronics or spintronics, the flow of electrical charge (usual current) as well as the flow of electron spin, the so-called 'spin current', are manipulated and controlled together. This book provides an introduction and guide to the new physics and application of spin current.

  11. Contrasting Models of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Reply to Monroe and Mineka (2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berntsen, Dorthe; Rubin, David C.; Bohni, Malene Klindt

    2008-01-01

    The authors address the 4 main points in S. M. Monroe and S. Mineka's comment. First, the authors show that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis includes an etiology and that it is based on a theoretical model with a…

  12. Reaffirming the Role of Science and Diversity in Counseling: A Reply to Hansen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady-Amoon, Peggy

    2012-01-01

    Overall, Hansen (2012a) and the author (Brady-Amoon, 2012) share a humanistic vision for the future of counseling. In this continued dialogue, the author argues that a broad-based philosophy of science that encompasses renewed respect for diversity remains essential for the future of the profession.

  13. Tutuorial for Authors and Referees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Am–9:30AM

    2010-03-01

    Editors from Physical Review Letters and Physical Review will provide information and tips for our less experienced referees and authors. This session is aimed at anyone looking to submit to or review for any of the APS journals, as well as anyone who would like to learn more about the authoring and refereeing processes. Topics for discussion will include advice on how to write good manuscripts, similarities and differences in writing referee reports for PRL and PR, and other ways in which authors, referees, and editors can work together productively. Following a short presentation from the editors, there will be a moderated discussion. Refreshments will be served.

  14. Tutorial for Authors and Referees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Editors from Physical Review Letters and Physical Review will provide information and tips for our less experienced referees and authors. This session is aimed at anyone looking to submit to or review for any of the APS journals, as well as anyone who would like to learn more about the authoring and refereeing processes. Topics for discussion will include advice on how to write good manuscripts, similarities and differences in writing referee reports for PRL and PR, and other ways in which authors, referees, and editors can work together productively. Following a short presentation from the editors, there will be a moderated discussion.

  15. The Author and His Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spain Today, 1972

    1972-01-01

    Critical evaluation and biographical comments on contemporary Spanish authors Arcadio de Larrea Palacin, Leopoldo de Luis, Andres Bosch, Condesa de Campo Alange, Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, and Juan Rof Carballo. (DS)

  16. The Author and His Works

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spain Today, 1971

    1971-01-01

    Works of Emilio Garcia Gomez, Dario Fernandez Florez, Armando Lopez Salinas, Jaime de Arminan, Luis Lopez Anglada, and Carmen Bravo Villasante are analyzed in this continuing series on Spanish authors. (DS)

  17. Registering Researchers in Authority Files

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Altman, M.; Conlon, M.; Cristan, A.L.; Dawson, L.; Dunham, J.; Hickey, T.; Hook, D.; Horstmann, W.; MacEwan, A.; Schreur, P.; Smart, L.; Smith-Yoshimura, K.; Wacker, M.; Woutersen, S.

    2014-01-01

    Registering researchers in some type of authority file or identifier system has become more compelling as both institutions and researchers recognize the need to compile their scholarly output. The report presents functional requirements and recommendations for six stakeholders: researchers, funders

  18. Author Credit for Transdisciplinary Collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jian; Ding, Ying; Malic, Vincent

    2015-01-01

    Transdisciplinary collaboration is the key for innovation. An evaluation mechanism is necessary to ensure that academic credit for this costly process can be allocated fairly among coauthors. This paper proposes a set of quantitative measures (e.g., t_credit and t_index) to reflect authors' transdisciplinary contributions to publications. These measures are based on paper-topic probability distributions and author-topic probability distributions. We conduct an empirical analysis of the information retrieval domain which demonstrates that these measures effectively improve the results of harmonic_credit and h_index measures by taking into account the transdisciplinary contributions of authors. The definitions of t_credit and t_index provide a fair and effective way for research organizations to assign credit to authors of transdisciplinary publications.

  19. Tacit Authorization : A Legal Solution for Administrative Silence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogstra, Nicole; de Graaf, K.J.

    2016-01-01

    This article discusses one of the current legal instruments to stimulate timely decision-making by administrative authorities, namely the ‘Lex silencio positivo’ or the ‘Silence is Consent’ rule. Tacit authorization prescribes that the license sought by the applicant will be granted automatically if

  20. Tacit Authorization : A Legal Solution for Administrative Silence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogstra, Nicole; de Graaf, K.J.

    2016-01-01

    This article discusses one of the current legal instruments to stimulate timely decision-making by administrative authorities, namely the ‘Lex silencio positivo’ or the ‘Silence is Consent’ rule. Tacit authorization prescribes that the license sought by the applicant will be granted automatically if

  1. Nightingale Discourse and “Author-ity”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janet L. Larson

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This essay considers current discourses circulated by what I call the Spiritual School of Nightingale production that enlarge her authority through religious authorship. Since the 1990s, this School’s distinctive populist and academic wings have been bringing out editions of her (mostly unpublished manuscripts on religion along with their own commentaries, which construct Nightingale as a deeply spiritual author and inspirational role model by reading her writings as proofs of the “faith [. . .] central to her life, work, and thought,” rather than as textual evidences that require nonpartisan sifting. This School, which is positioned to take over Nightingale studies, can be credited with reviving interest in her work; and religious ideas could hardly have been more important for her sense of vocation. Despite the value of these efforts, especially the recently-arrived Collected Works, taking her equivocal writing about “faith” on faith of their own is problematic because it generally forecloses probing more deeply into what else these expressions might have meant or been intended to signify. What this School’s under- and over-readings miss, I argue, is the tangled “more is less” problem with the exalted terms of Nightingale’s self-authoring and the high discourses of “author-ity” that she adopted in writing on religious subjects.

  2. Reply to Comment on 'Drought Variability in the Eastern Australia and New Zealand Summer Drought Atlas (ANZDA, CE 1500-2012) Modulated by the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Jonathan G.; Cook, Edward R.; Turney, Chris S. M.; Allen, Kathy; Fenwick, Pavla; Cook, Benjamin I.; O'Donnell, Alison; Lough, Janice; Grierson, Pauline; Baker, Patrick J.

    2017-01-01

    This reply is in response to Vance et al (2017), who expressed concern that their Law Dome summer sea salt record (LDsss; Vance et al 2013) and two Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) reconstructions (PLF and DT-median; Vance et al 2015) were not compared properly in our recent study (Palmer et al 2015) describing the eastern Australian and New Zealand summer Drought Atlas (ANZDA) and that this omission mischaracterizes their records.

  3. Reply to 'Comment on 'On the inconsistency of the Bohm-Gadella theory with quantum mechanics''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Madrid, Rafael de la [Department of Physics, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States)

    2007-04-27

    In this reply, we show that when we apply standard distribution theory to the Lippmann-Schwinger equation, the resulting spaces of test functions would comply with the Hardy axiom only if classic results of Paley and Wiener, of Gelfand and Shilov, and of the theory of ultradistributions were wrong. Also, we point out several differences between the 'standard method' of constructing rigged Hilbert spaces in quantum mechanics and the method used in time asymmetric quantum theory. (note)

  4. Reply to comment by Schottler et al. on "Climate and agricultural land use change impacts on streamflow in the upper midwestern United States"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Satish C.; Kessler, Andrew C.; Brown, Melinda K.; Schuh, William M.

    2016-08-01

    In their comments, Schottler et al. (doi:10.1002/2015WR018482) raised concerns about our technique for deciphering climate and land use land cover (LULC) change impacts on streamflow in the upper Midwestern United States. In this reply, we further explain the underpinnings of our statistical technique and point out criticism on the procedures that Schottler et al. (doi:10.1002/2015WR018482; doi:10.1002/hyp.9738) used in their comment.

  5. Reply to the comment by L Helseth on "Bismuth-induced increase of the magneto-optical effects in iron garnets"

    CERN Document Server

    Zenkov, A V

    2003-01-01

    The discussion concerns the origin of the giant Faraday rotation in bismuth- and lead-doped iron garnets. It is convincingly shown that this effect is due to the covalent admixture of Bi(Pb)6p-wavefunctions to oxygen 2p-orbitals in octahedral and tetrahedral Fe-O clusters of iron garnets. The crucial role of the quantum-chemical computation of electronic structure of such clusters is emphasized. (reply)

  6. Reply to ``Comment on `Colossal dielectric and magnetodielectric effect in Er2O3 nanoparticles embedded in a SiO2 glass matrix'''

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukherjee, S.; Chen, C. H.; Chou, C. C.; Tseng, K. F.; Chaudhuri, B. K.; Yang, H. D.

    2011-08-01

    In our earlier paper [Mukherjee , Phys. Rev. BPRBMDO1098-012110.1103/PhysRevB.82.104107 82, 104107 (2010)], we concentrated mainly on lower calcined transparent monolithic glass samples (particle size 40 nm), where the dielectric value is observed without DPT behavior. In this Reply we argue that, contrary to the conclusion of Hreniak , the disappearance of the MD effect is not only due to structural reorganization via crystallization of a different phase, but very much depends on particle size.

  7. On Precision and the Virtue of Simplicity in Metalinguistics: A Reply to Menyuk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bialystok, Ellen; Ryan, Ellen Bouchard

    1985-01-01

    Clarifies terms used in Bialystok and Ryan's article on the definition of metalinguistic skill (in this issue) and more explicitly delineates the purpose the proposed framework may serve in theory building. (Author/KS)

  8. On Language Savants and the Structure of the Mind [and] Reply to Bates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Elizabeth; Smith, Neil; Tsimpli, Ianthi-Maria

    1997-01-01

    Critiques Smith and Tsimpli's (1995) book, "The Mind of the Savant," in which a single case study is used as evidence for the modularity of language. Smith and Tsimpli respond to comments by Bates. (Author/VWL)

  9. Current Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Mary Alice

    1981-01-01

    Describes a doctoral dissertation entitled "World-Future Images in Childrens Literature" which analyzed books on science fiction or utopian fiction by 43 authors of children's literature to determine whether presentations were optimistic or pessimistic. Results indicating generally optimistic stories are discussed, as well as strengths and…

  10. Name Authority Challenges for Indexing and Abstracting Databases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Beaubien Bennett

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective - This analysis explores alternative methods for managing author name changes in Indexing and Abstarcting (I&A databases. A searcher may retrieve incomplete or inaccurate results when the database provides no or faulty assistance in linking author name variations. Methods - The article includes an analysis of current name authority practices in I&A databases and of selected research into name disambiguation models applied to authorship of articles. Results - Several potential solutiona are in production or in development. MathSciNet has developed an authority file. The method is largely machine-based but it involves time-consuming manual intervention that might not scale up to larger or more multidisciplinary databases. The use of standard numbers for authors has been proposed. Solutions in practice include author-managed registration records and linking among several authority files. Information science and computer science researchers are developing models to automate processes for name disambiguation, shifting focus from authority control to access control. Successful models use metadata beyond the author name alone, such as co-authors, author affiliation, jornal name or keywords. Social netowrks may provide additional data to support disamibguation models. Conclusion - The traditional objective of name authority files is to determine precisely when name variations belong to the same individual. Manually-maintained authority files have served library catalogues reasonably well, but the burden of upkeep has made them ill-suited to managing the volume of items and authors in all but the smallest I&A databases. To meet the access needs of the 21st century, both catalogues and I&A databases may need to implement options that present a high degree of probability that items have been authored by the same individual, rather than options that provide high precision with the expense of manual maintenance. Striving for name disambiguation

  11. Ombuds’ corner: Relationship to authority

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2012-01-01

    In this series, the Bulletin aims to explain the role of the Ombuds at CERN by presenting practical examples of misunderstandings that could have been resolved by the Ombuds if he had been contacted earlier. Please note that, in all the situations we present, the names are fictitious and used only to improve clarity.   Among the cases brought to the Ombuds, many of them have to do with difficulties between supervisees and supervisors. In fact, they form the majority of the cases. For both parties, the source of the conflict boils down to the relationship that people entertain with what can be called "the authority". The relationship with the authority is somewhat different within the various Sectors of CERN, as are the relationships between personnel and supervisors. Generally one considers that natural authority can either come from a respected technical knowledge, or from charisma along with a good understanding of human relationships. Of course together these qualities ge...

  12. University digital repositories and authors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Keefer

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The Open Access movement offers two strategies for making scientific information available without economic, technical or legal obstacles: the publication of articles in OA journals and the deposit by authors of their Works in stable institutional or discipline-based repositories. This article explores the implementation of the second “route” on the part of authors, because it is the strategy that offers the greatest possibility of attaining OA in the short term. However, it does require repositories to exert great effort in informing the authors of the advantages of self-archiving and of the procedures for depositing their work and, even helping them to do so – through services and promotional activities.

  13. Dissociating the wheat from the chaff in theories of hypnosis: Reply to Kihlstrom (1998) and Woody and Sadler (1998)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirsch, I; Lynn, S J

    1998-03-01

    Although there are noteworthy commonalities among disparate theories of hypnosis, they are neither as readily integrated nor as complementary as J.F. Kihlstrom (1998) and E. Woody and P. Sadler (1998) implied. All current theories of hypnosis, including our social cognitive model, are provisional and incomplete, and each has something of value to offer. However, the multiple streams of consciousness hypothesis and the hypnotic state hypothesis should be abandoned because they are neither well supported by data nor consistent with current research and theory in social and cognitive psychology. In their place, the authors propose theoretical formulations based on such concepts as response sets, hierarchical control systems, associative memory networks, automatic activation of behavior, motivation, intention, and response expectancy.

  14. Axiomatic Quantification of Co-authors' Relative Contributions

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Ge

    2010-01-01

    Over the past decades, the competition for academic resources has gradually intensified, and worsened with the current financial crisis. To optimize the resource allocation, individualized assessment of research results is being actively studied but the current indices, such as the number of papers, the number of citations, the h-factor and its variants have limitations, especially their inability of determining co-authors' credit shares fairly. Here we establish an axiomatic system and quantify co-authors' relative contributions. Our methodology avoids subjective assignment of co-authors' credits using the inflated, fractional or harmonic methods, and provides a quantitative tool for scientific management such as funding and tenure decisions.

  15. Computer Based Training Authors' and Designers' training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric GODET

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This communication, through couple of studies driven since 10 years, tries to show how important is the training of authors in Computer Based Training (CBT. We submit here an approach to prepare designers mastering Interactive Multimedia modules in this domain. Which institutions are really dedicating their efforts in training authors and designers in this area of CBTs? Television devices and broadcast organisations offered since year 60s' a first support for Distance Learning. New media, New Information and Communication Technologies (NICT allowed several public and private organisations to start Distance Learning projects. As usual some of them met their training objectives, other of them failed. Did their really failed? Currently, nobody has the right answer. Today, we do not have enough efficient tools allowing us to evaluate trainees' acquisition in a short term view. Training evaluation needs more than 10 to 20 years of elapsed time to bring reliable measures. Nevertheless, given the high investments already done in this area, we cannot wait until the final results of the pedagogical evaluation. A lot of analyses showed relevant issues which can be used as directions for CBTs authors and designers training. Warning - Our studies and the derived conclusions are mainly based on projects driven in the field. We additionally bring our several years experience in the training of movie film authors in the design of interactive multimedia products. Some of our examples are extracting from vocational training projects where we were involved in all development phases from the analysis of needs to the evaluation of the acquisition within the trainee's / employee job's. Obviously, we cannot bring and exhaustive approach in this domain where a lot of parameters are involved as frame for the CBT interactive multimedia modules authors' and designers' training.

  16. Current limiters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loescher, D.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Systems Surety Assessment Dept.; Noren, K. [Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

    1996-09-01

    The current that flows between the electrical test equipment and the nuclear explosive must be limited to safe levels during electrical tests conducted on nuclear explosives at the DOE Pantex facility. The safest way to limit the current is to use batteries that can provide only acceptably low current into a short circuit; unfortunately this is not always possible. When it is not possible, current limiters, along with other design features, are used to limit the current. Three types of current limiters, the fuse blower, the resistor limiter, and the MOSFET-pass-transistor limiters, are used extensively in Pantex test equipment. Detailed failure mode and effects analyses were conducted on these limiters. Two other types of limiters were also analyzed. It was found that there is no best type of limiter that should be used in all applications. The fuse blower has advantages when many circuits must be monitored, a low insertion voltage drop is important, and size and weight must be kept low. However, this limiter has many failure modes that can lead to the loss of over current protection. The resistor limiter is simple and inexpensive, but is normally usable only on circuits for which the nominal current is less than a few tens of milliamperes. The MOSFET limiter can be used on high current circuits, but it has a number of single point failure modes that can lead to a loss of protective action. Because bad component placement or poor wire routing can defeat any limiter, placement and routing must be designed carefully and documented thoroughly.

  17. Authentication and Authorization in Server Systems for Bio-Informatics

    CERN Document Server

    Madhuri, K Lakshmi

    2010-01-01

    Authentication and authorization are two tightly coupled and interrelated concepts which are used to keep transactions secure and help in protecting confidential information. This paper proposes to evaluate the current techniques used for authentication and authorization also compares them with the best practices and universally accepted authentication and authorization methods. Authentication verifies user identity and provides reusable credentials while authorization services stores information about user access levels. These mechanisms by which a system checks what level of access a particular authenticated user should have to view secure resources is controlled by the system

  18. Current Developments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arnt Nielsen, Peter

    2014-01-01

    The most important amendments to the Brussels I Regulation as adopted during the recast negotiations are presented and discussed. The author focuses on four subjects: first, the application of Brussels I to cases where the defendant is domiciled outside the EU; second, the abolition of exequatur;......; third, the improved efficiency of exclusive choice-of-court agreements; and, fourth, the relationship between litigation and arbitration....

  19. Distributed modeling for road authorities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luiten, G.T.; Bõhms, H.M.; Nederveen, S. van; Bektas, E.

    2013-01-01

    A great challenge for road authorities is to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of their core processes by improving data exchange and sharing using new technologies such as building information modeling (BIM). BIM has already been successfully implemented in other sectors, such as architectur

  20. Students as Ethnographers: Encouraging Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, William W.

    1991-01-01

    Suggests that the practice of ethnography in the spirit of Clifford Geertz's "thick description," and the thinking that this practice demands, can give college students both a tool for inquiry and a sense of their positions as authorities in the writing process. Defines thick description and discusses how ethnography works in a…

  1. Authority structure and industrial accidents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    As, Sicco van

    2001-01-01

    This paper deals with the influence of organizational characteristics on safety. Accidents are actually caused by individual mistakes. However the underlying causes of accidents are often organizational. The general hypothesis is that the authority structure is a main cause of accident-proneness

  2. 1 report, 6 authors? Easy!

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2015-01-01

    In 2016, the CERN E-Publishing Service will be testing three co-authoring platforms to decide which is the most suitable for CERN. Whatever type of documents you co-write – scientific papers, internal reports or proceedings – a co-authoring tool will simplify the process. To make such a service available at CERN, the E-Publishing team needs your help.   At CERN, the E-Publishing Service is responsible for copy-editing scientific texts such as CERN reports, scientific papers, school or conference proceedings, etc., and provides support to CERN people regarding the style and layout of their publications. As part of its efforts to simplify the lives of CERN authors, the E-Publishing Service has decided to evaluate the benefits of a new service: a co-authoring platform. If you write on LaTeX or Word-like software, use a messaging application for comments and a calendar for deadlines, and then distribute the file by e-mail (as many times as necessary) – then a co-au...

  3. Registering Researchers in Authority Files

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith-Yoshimura, Karen; Altman, Micah; Conlon, Michael; Cristán, Ana Lupe; Dawson, Laura; Dunham, Joanne; Hickey, Thom; Hook, Daniel; Horstmann, Wolfram; MacEwan, Andrew; Schreur, Philip; Smart, Laura; Wacker, Melanie; Woutersen, Saskia

    2014-01-01

    Written by OCLC Research Program Officer Karen Smith-Yoshimura and the 13 members of the Registering Researchers in Authority Files Task Group comprised of specialists from the US, UK, and the Netherlands, this report summarizes their research into approaches to providing authoritative researcher identifiers. Registering researchers in some type…

  4. Authority, Identity, and Collaborative Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langer-Osuna, Jennifer M.

    2017-01-01

    The field of mathematics education research has seen a resurgence of interest in understanding collaborative learning because students in K-12 classrooms are increasingly expected to make sense of mathematics problems together. This Research Commentary argues for the importance of understanding student authority relations in collaborative…

  5. Distributed modeling for road authorities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luiten, G.T.; Bõhms, H.M.; Nederveen, S. van; Bektas, E.

    2013-01-01

    A great challenge for road authorities is to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of their core processes by improving data exchange and sharing using new technologies such as building information modeling (BIM). BIM has already been successfully implemented in other sectors, such as architectur

  6. A Few Words on Authority

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafsteinn Þór Hauksson

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In his book, The Concept of Law, HLA Hart described the element of authority involved in law as an obstacle in the path of any easy explanation of what law is. In this paper I argue that this is true for legal positivists and that they have not been able to remove that obstacle despite vigorous attempts.

  7. Task modeling for collaborative authoring

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veer, van der Gerrit; Kulyk, Olga; Vyas, Dhaval; Kubbe, Onno; Ebert, Achim; Dittmar, A.; Forbrig, P.

    2011-01-01

    Motivation –Task analysis for designing modern collaborative work needs a more fine grained approach. Especially in a complex task domain, like collaborative scientific authoring, when there is a single overall goal that can only be accomplished only by collaboration between multiple roles, each req

  8. Authority, Conflict, and Teacher Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spady, William G.

    1973-01-01

    An analysis which attempts to link all three of the sources of conflict in schools, which appear to reside in three overlapping arenas: the goals and functions of public schools, the nature of the roles that are defined by these functions, and the manner or style in which these roles are played out. (Author/JM)

  9. Environmental authorities and biofuel controversies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mol, A.P.J.

    2010-01-01

    The current generation of crop-based biofuels is heavily contested for its negative consequences for the environment and the poor. Hence, the current biofuel system needs to be transformed in the direction of what can be labelled 'fair fuels': (bio) fuels that are environmentally and socially sustai

  10. Induction motor starting current

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arneaud, J.M.; Langman, R.A. [Tasmania Univ., Hobart, TAS (Australia)

    1995-12-31

    Large errors may occur if leakage path saturation is neglected when reduced-voltage test results are used to predict the direct-on-line starting current of induction motors. The results of applying three existing and two new methods for starting current prediction are compared with test data from 52 motors. A quantitative assessment is made of the probable reduction in error that would be achieved by increasing the number of available sets of reduced-voltage, locked rotor test results or by including slot design data. Guidelines are given for selecting an appropriate predictive method. (author). 4 tabs., 1 fig., 6 refs.

  11. Lubricated viscous gravity currents

    OpenAIRE

    Kowal, Katarzyna N.; Worster, M. Grae

    2015-01-01

    This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available via CUP at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9553100&fileId=S0022112015000300. We present a theoretical and experimental study of viscous gravity currents lubricated by another viscous fluid from below. We use lubrication theory to model both layers as Newtonian fluids spreading under their own weight in two-dimensional and axisymmetric settings over a smooth rigid horizontal surfa...

  12. 76 FR 2246 - Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-13

    ... made the existing guidance outdated and inconsistent with current law and the current organizational structure of the Department of Defense. This final rule will facilitate civil authorities' access to the... Activities, and all other organizational entities within the Department of Defense (hereafter referred to...

  13. The Quality of Education and Cohort Variation in Black-White Earnings Differentials: Reply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, Finis

    1980-01-01

    Examines the methodology used by the authors of the article immediately preceding this one. Questions both the use of expenditure per student as a measure of educational quality and the cohort effect's influence on the differences in the wage earnings of Blacks and Whites. Available from American Economic Review, 1313 21st Avenue So., Suite 809,…

  14. The Development of Inversion in Wh-Questions: A Reply to Van Valin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowland, Caroline F.; Pine, Julian M.

    2003-01-01

    Responds to a critique of an earlier article. Reexamines the pattern of inversion and universion in Adam's (1973) wh-question data and argues that the Role and Reference grammar explanation put forth cannot account for some of the developmental facts it was designed to explain. (Author/VWL)

  15. On the Reliability of Robustness: A Reply to DeKyser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bialystok, Ellen

    2002-01-01

    Responds to a study that examined three hypotheses concerning the existence of a critical period for second language acquisition. Examines the three hypotheses and argues that the data do not provide the necessary support for the interpretation that a critical period has influenced the results. (Author/VWL)

  16. Speech Perception Deficits in Poor Readers: A Reply to Denenberg's Critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Studdert-Kennedy, Michael; Mody, Maria; Brady, Susan

    2000-01-01

    This rejoinder to a critique of the authors' research on speech perception deficits in poor readers answers the specific criticisms and reaffirms their conclusion that the difficulty some poor readers have with rapid /ba/-/da/ discrimination does not stem from difficulty in discriminating the rapid spectral transitions at stop-vowel syllable…

  17. European Management: an emerging competitive advantage of European nations : A reply to Michael Porter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.A.J. van den Bosch (Frans); A.A. van Prooijen

    1992-01-01

    textabstractThis article extends the debate begun in the June 1992 issue of EMJ when the authors first criticized Michael Porter's explanatory framework in his Competitive Advantage of Nations (1990), over the role of national culture on the competitive advantage of nations. In this paper, Frans van

  18. European Management: an emerging competitive advantage of European nations : A reply to Michael Porter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.A.J. van den Bosch (Frans); A.A. van Prooijen

    1992-01-01

    textabstractThis article extends the debate begun in the June 1992 issue of EMJ when the authors first criticized Michael Porter's explanatory framework in his Competitive Advantage of Nations (1990), over the role of national culture on the competitive advantage of nations. In this paper, Frans van

  19. On Determinatives and the Category-Function Distinction: A Reply to Brett Reynolds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenchuk, Iryna; Ahmed, Amer

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the arguments made in the article "Determiners, Feline Marsupials, and the Category-Function Distinction: A Critique of ELT Grammars" by Brett Reynolds recently published in the "TESL Canada Journal" (2013). In our response, we demonstrate that the author's arguments are problematic on both…

  20. Models of the Opiate System in Self-Injurious Behavior: A Reply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demet, Edward M.; Sandman, Curt A.

    1991-01-01

    This paper answers criticism (EC 601 030) of the authors' work regarding opioid explanations of self-injurious behavior. Possible withdrawal effects are ruled out as an explanation, in favor of opioid excess leading to sensory depression and addiction to relative excesses of opioid activity in the brain. Alternative models of consequences of…

  1. Biomass and toxicity responses of poison ivy (toxicodendron radicans) to elevated atmospheric C02: Reply

    Science.gov (United States)

    This is an invited comment that was requested by the Editors of the journal Ecology. The authors of this comment previously published an article showing that poison ivy growth was enhanced in a controlled experiment in response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. In this study the growth of po...

  2. What's Straw and What's Real: A Reply to Linscheid and Landau.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Luanna H.; Berkman, Karen A.

    1993-01-01

    This response to a critique (EC 605 541) of the authors' case study, supporting the effectiveness of positive-oriented programing approaches with persons with mental retardation, offers follow-up information on the individual involved, including his complete medication history, and defends the view that the self-determination supported by their…

  3. Reply to: Are There More Gifted People than Would Be Expected on a Normal Distribution?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, James J.

    2014-01-01

    The author responds to the article by Warne, Godwin, and Smith (2013) on the question of whether there are more gifted people than would be expected in a Gaussian normal distribution. He asserts that the answer to this question is yes, based on (a) data that he and his colleagues have collected, (b) data that are already available and quoted by…

  4. The Essential Role of Behavioral Genetics in Developmental Psychology: Reply to Partridge (2005) and Greenberg (2005)

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGue, Matt; Elkins, Irene; Walden, Brent; Iacono, William G.

    2005-01-01

    The authors address the methodological, theoretical, and ideological criticisms of their article on adolescent perceptions of parenting behavior made by G. Greenberg and T. Partridge. Behavioral genetic methods have provided unique insights on the origins of individual differences in behavior and, when applied to parenting and other putative…

  5. Confessions of Academic Ghost Authors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehsan Shahghasemi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Academic plagiarism exists in all academic spheres, but contextual factors determine the level, intensity, and forms of it. Over the last few years, the phenomenon of “Ghost Authorship” has become widespread in Iran, and concerns have been expressed regarding this issue, not only by academicians but also by officials. In this study, 143 students participated in a two-step interview study in which they spoke about their experiences on either seeing a ghost author doing the research of someone else in exchange of money or they themselves being a ghost author. In all, 29 students said that they had done it once or so. The in-depth interviews with these 29 students showed how the plagiarism industry works in Iran, who the customers are, how they find each other, and so on.

  6. Palestine Authorities:Trouble within

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tang Zhichao

    2004-01-01

    @@ The Palestine Authorities (PA) is now plagued with an internal crisis ever seen over the past dozen years. A string of kidnappings, gun battles, cases of arson and demonstrations resorted to by some hotheads since mid-July has thrown Gaza Strip into utter chaos, triggering off a political crisis with many high-ranking officials including Prime Minister Kurile tendering their resignations to President Yasser Arafat.

  7. Strenghening Safeguards Authorities and Institutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goodman,M.; Lockwood, d.; Rosenthal, M.D.; Tape, J.W.

    2008-06-06

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards system has changed in major ways from the establishment of the IAEA in 1957 until the present. Changes include strengthening the legal framework of safeguards; improvements in concepts and approaches for safeguards implementation; and significant improvements in the technical tools available to inspectors. In this paper, we explore three broad areas related to strengthening safeguards authorities and institutions: integrated safeguards and State-Level Approaches; special inspections; and NPT withdrawal and the continuation of safeguards.

  8. Author contributions to ecological publications: What does it mean to be an author in modern ecological research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Logan, John M; Bean, Sarah B; Myers, Andrew E

    2017-01-01

    Authorship is a central element of scientific research carrying a variety of rewards and responsibilities, and while various guidelines exist, actual author contributions are often ambiguous. Inconsistent or limited contributions threaten to devalue authorship as intellectual currency and diminish authors' responsibility for published content. Researchers have assessed author contributions in the medical literature and other research fields, but similar data for the field of ecological research are lacking. Authorship practices in ecological research are broadly representative of a variety of fields due to the cross-disciplinary nature of collaborations in ecological studies. To better understand author contributions to current research, we distributed a survey regarding co-author contributions to a random selection of 996 lead authors of manuscripts published in ecological journals in 2010. We obtained useable responses from 45% of surveyed authors. Reported lead author contributions in ecological research studies consistently included conception of the project idea, data collection, analysis, and writing. Middle and last author contributions instead showed a high level of individual variability. Lead authorship in ecology is well defined while secondary authorship is more ambiguous. Nearly half (48%) of all studies included in our survey had some level of non-compliance with Ecological Society of America (ESA) authorship guidelines and the majority of studies (78%) contained at least one co-author that did not meet International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) requirements. Incidence of non-compliance varied with lead author occupation and author position. The probability of a study including an author that was non-compliant with ESA guidelines was lowest for professor-led studies and highest for graduate student and post doctoral researcher-led studies. Among studies with > two co-authors, all lead authors met ESA guidelines and only 2% failed to

  9. Training in post-authorization pharmacovigilance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivek Ahuja

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Post-authorization pharmacovigilance refers to all the activities relating to the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse effects or any other drug-related problems, from the time a product gets the authorization to be marketed in a territory. The ultimate objective of pharmacovigilance is patient safety. To ensure this, any responsible pharmaceutical company will readily vouch for the importance of all these activities, each requiring specific training for efficient and effective execution. Having a well planned job specific training curriculum can help the organization realize its goals and objectives by covering the gaps between current and desired job performance levels and existing competencies of its employees. Apart from this, trainings can help in problem solving, increasing productivity and prepare for and respond to future changes in the organization or job duties. As the pharmaceutical business continues to grow, increasing numbers of skilled people are required to manage resultant increase in pharmacovigilance activities to remain compliant. Thus, the need for training qualified resources to develop into highly skilled pharmacovigilance professionals is the need of the hour. Currently, the supply-demand situation for skilled manpower is highly skewed in favor of the demand, as this field is relatively new in India and elsewhere. It is interesting to note that not many resources, be it internet, literature or books, are available specifically addressing the need of the industry to guide them on training requirements to set up and maintain a competent pharmacovigilance department. This article aims to present a comprehensive perspective on the trainings required in the post authorization scenario pertaining to pharmacovigilance activities and suggest ways to manage these in an efficient way so as to be compliant with the global norms and best practices.

  10. Current Titles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Various

    2006-06-01

    This booklet is published for those interested in current research being conducted at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. The NCEM is a DOE-designated national user facility and is available at no charge to qualified researchers. Access is controlled by an external steering committee. Interested researchers may contact Jane Cavlina, Administrator, at 510/486-6036.

  11. Fresh fruits, vegetables and mushrooms as transmission vehicles for Echinococcus multilocularis in highly endemic areas of Poland: reply to concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lass, Anna; Szostakowska, Beata; Myjak, Przemysław; Korzeniewski, Krzysztof

    2016-09-01

    Echinococcus multilocularis is a tapeworm that may cause alveolar echinococcosis (AE), one of the most dangerous parasitic zoonoses. As in the case of other foodborne diseases, unwashed fruits and vegetables, contaminated with dispersed forms of E. multilocularis, may serve as an important transmission route for this parasite. In this article, we reply to the incorrect interpretation of results of our study concerning the detection of E. multilocularis DNA in fresh fruit, vegetable and mushroom samples collected from the highly endemic areas of the Warmia-Masuria Province, Poland, to dispel any doubts. The accusations formulated by the commentators concerning our paper are unfounded; moreover, these commentators demand information which was beyond the purview of our study. Making generalisations and drawing far-reaching conclusions from our work is also unjustified. The majority of positive samples were found in only a few hyperendemic communities; this information corresponds with the highest number of both infected foxes and AE cases in humans recorded in this area. Our findings indicate that E. multilocularis is present in the environment and may create a potential risk for the inhabitants. These people should simply be informed to wash fruits and vegetables before eating. No additional far-reaching conclusions should be drawn from our data. We believe these commentators needlessly misinterpreted our results and disseminated misleading information. Nevertheless, we would like to encourage any readers simply to contact us if any aspects of our study are unclear.

  12. Reply to "Comment on 'Modeling of electrode polarization for electrolytic cells with a limited ionic adsorption' ".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawada, Atsushi

    2014-05-01

    The dielectric properties of dilute electrolytic solution cells have been measured in a low-frequency region, and the dielectric spectra have been analyzed in terms of space-charge polarization by using the Nernst-Planck (NP) model in the presence of ionic adsorption on electrodes [Phys. Rev. E 88, 032406 (2013)]. In the NP model, the internal electric field of the cell is considered to be approximately equal to the external field. In a Comment by Alexe-Ionescu et al. [Phys. Rev. E 89, 056401 (2014).] on our paper [Phys. Rev. E 88, 032406 (2013)], they claim the invalidity of the NP model and the necessity of the conventional Poisson-Nernst-Planck (PNP) model for the data analysis. Their criticisms are, however, originated from a viewpoint for determining the internal electric field, that is different from our approach. In this Reply, we show the validity of the NP model referring to our previous paper in which the conventional PNP model has been modified so as to correctly describe the actual internal field.

  13. Deontic reasoning as a target of selection: reply to Astington and Dack.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cummins, Denise Dellarosa

    2013-12-01

    In their discussion of young children's deontic reasoning performance, Astington and Dack (2013) made the following claims: (1) Children need more cues to elicit cogent social norm reasoning than adults require, namely, explicit reference to authority; (2) Deontic reasoning improves with age, and this is evidence against a nativist view; (3) All evolutionary explanations of deontic reasoning advantages require positing a ''domain-specific deontic reasoning module."; and (4) young children excel at deontic reasoning because it is easier. Here, I refute each claim. Instead, I argue that (1) Social norm reasoning is one type of deontic reasoning that has been the target of selective pressure; (2) Development does not preclude nativism; (3) Epistemic utterances make no greater processing demands than deontic utterances; and (4) both adult and child norm reasoning performance is strongly influenced by reference to or implication of authority.

  14. [Reply to “Wasting public money?” by Judith Totman] Politically motivated request?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Raymond S.

    Judith Totman Parrish (Forum,Eos, 86(32), 9 August 2005, p. 294) asks Thomas Crowley to provide evidence that the U.S. Rep. Joe Barton's (R.-N.Y) request for information from me, and from my colleagues Michael Mann and Malcolm Hughes, was politically motivated.Among a host of items, here are some of the things Barton specifically asked for: “…all financial support you have received related to your research, including, but not limited to, all private, state, and federal assistance, grants, contracts (including subgrants or subcontracts), or other financial awards or honoraria…the location of all data archives relating to each published study for which you were an author or co-author… [a list of all] requests…you or your co-authors [have] received for data relating to the climate change studies, what was your response, and why?”

  15. Reply to comment on "Lost in translation: topological singularities in group field theory"

    CERN Document Server

    Gurau, Razvan

    2011-01-01

    In [1, arXiv:1102.1844] the author disputes the conclusion of our paper [2, arXiv:1006.0714]. He claims that the Feynman graphs of three dimensional group field theory always represent pseudo manifolds. However, [1] uses a different definition for pseudo manifolds. also, in order to apply the new definition, [1] proposes a construction which cannot be implemented in a path integral by Feynman rules. These two points invalidate the claims of [1].

  16. State Transmission Infrastructure Authorities: The Story So Far; December 2007 - December 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Porter, K.; Fink. S.

    2008-05-01

    This report examines the status and future direction of state transmission infrastructure authorities. It summarizes common characteristics, discusses current transmission projects, and outlines common issues the state infrastructure authorities have faced.

  17. Reply to the comment on "Exact Expression for Radiation of an Accelerated Charge in Classical Electrodynamics"

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, Young-Sea

    2013-01-01

    Flaws and ambiguities are pointed out upon examining the comment attempting to solve a problem as raised recently --- the currently accepted formulation of electromagnetic radiation of an accelerated charge violates the principle of conservation of energy. This problem is not solved by the comment, due to a misunderstanding in the meaning of the total radiated power crossing a sphere. An experiment is suggested to determine whether on not the currently accepted formulation is valid.

  18. Instructions & Forms for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Journal of Materials Sciences & Technology is a monthly journal for the rapid dissemination of new, impor- tant results in material and related fields. Submission Electronic files of MS Word and PDF are acceptable. Please visit http://www.jmst.org and submit online. Submission of a manuscript must be the original work of the author(s) and has not been published elsewhere or under consideration for another publication, or a substantially similar form in any language. Authors are encouraged to recommend three to five individuals (including their research fields, e-mail, phone numbers and addresses) who are qualified to serve as referees for their paper.

  19. 10 CFR 26.57 - Authorization update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authorization update. 26.57 Section 26.57 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Granting and Maintaining Authorization § 26.57 Authorization update. (a) Before granting authorization to an individual whose authorization has been interrupted...

  20. An Author's Philosophy of Physiology Textbook Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guyton, Arthur C.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the factors that have determined the author's approach to writing medical physiology textbooks. Reviews the author's career and the events surrounding the development of each textbook. Explains the motivation behind critical decisions made during the authoring process. (DDR)

  1. 48 CFR 932.7002 - Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING DOE Loan Guarantee Authority 932.7002 Authority. Guaranteed loan applications shall be authorized and transmitted to the Federal Reserve Board only by the Secretary, or designee...

  2. An Author's Philosophy of Physiology Textbook Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guyton, Arthur C.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the factors that have determined the author's approach to writing medical physiology textbooks. Reviews the author's career and the events surrounding the development of each textbook. Explains the motivation behind critical decisions made during the authoring process. (DDR)

  3. Current titles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-07-01

    This booklet is published for those interested in current research being conducted at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. The NCEM is a DOE-designated national user facility and is available at no charge to qualified researchers. Access is controlled by an external steering committee. Interested researchers may contact Gretchen Hermes at (510) 486-5006 or address below for a User`s Guide. Copies of available papers can be ordered from: Theda Crawford National Center for Electron Microscopy, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, One Cyclotron Rd., MS72, Berkeley, California, USA 94720.

  4. The impact of fiscal policy and inflation on national saving. A reply

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. MODIGLIANI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article serves as a response to Nicola Rossi’s critique of the authors’ previous work on fiscal policy and national savings in Italy. The authors reaffirm their previous finding that deficits have indeed reduced national savings and in particular make two points. First, contrary to his assertions, Rossi’s evidence is inconsistent with the Ricardian Equivalence Proposition. Second, this failure becomes even more apparent if one relies on the updated formulation and improved data underlying the more recent contribution of Modigliani and Jappelli (1987.

  5. Concern for our vulnerable prenatal and neonatal children: a brief reply to Giubilini and Minerva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camosy, Charles

    2013-05-01

    This is a response to Giubilini and Minerva arguing that, on the basis of the similar moral status of the fetus and infant, infanticide is justifiable for many of the same reasons that justify abortion. It argues that, although the authors are correct in claiming the logical connection between abortion and infanticide, they are mistaken in their moral anthropology and so misunderstand which way the reasoning should cut. It concludes with an exhortation-especially to fellow pro-lifers-to have a different kind of discourse on these matters.

  6. A Comparative Study on Author's Unreliability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林映凡

    2016-01-01

    Literature appreciation usually follows a"writer-text-reader" process. The author is an inseparable part in literary discussion. Most literary schools have debate on the author's status, which is mainly sorted into two kinds: reliable author or unreliable author. This paper makes a comparative study on the author's status, which is mainly from the perspectives of New Criticism and Deconstruction. Both of them go for unreliability of the author. They share similarities but also bear differences.

  7. Current ornithology

    CERN Document Server

    1983-01-01

    The appearance of the first volume of a projected series is the occasion for comment on scope, aims, and genesis of the work. The scope of Current Ornithology is all of the biology of birds. Ornithology, as a whole-organism science, is concerned with birds at every level of bi­ ological organization, from the molecular to the community, at least from the Jurassic to the present time, and over every scholarly discipline in which bird biology is done; to say this is merely to expand a dic­ tionary definition of "ornithology. " The aim of the work, to be realized over several volumes, is to present reviews or position statements con­ cerning the active fields of ornithological research. The reviews will be relatively short, and often will be done from the viewpoint of a readily­ identified group or school. Such a work could have come into being at any time within the past fifty years, but that Current Ornithology appears now is a result of events that are only seven to eight years old. One important event wa...

  8. Examining Authors, Discourse and Characters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anca MANEA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The contemporary debate on the Canon and on how writers, texts and readers are influenced by its alleged centrality and exclusiveness is enlarged with a discussion on intertextuality as processed at the level of three novels: Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys, The Golden Notebook by Doris Lessing and Possession by Antonia Susan Byatt. By studying the intertextual references within and outside these novels, the present paper aims at revealing the perspectives their authors share (or not regarding canonical writings, concepts or techniques. The focus is placed on a comparative and contrastive analysis of the corpus in question with regard to Bakhtin’s introductory terminology on intertextuality, which at some points overlaps the views of other critics on the same matter.

  9. Reply to comment on: “Local lattice distortions vs. structural phase transition in NdFeAsO{sub 1-x}F{sub x}”

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calamiotou, M., E-mail: mcalam@phys.uoa.gr [Solid State Physics Department, Faculty of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, GR-15784 Athens (Greece); Liarokapis, E. [Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens, GR15780, Athens (Greece)

    2017-01-15

    Highlights: • A reply to comment by A. Martinelli (PHYSC-D-15-00255) on: “Local lattice distortions vs. structural phase transition in NdFeAsO{sub 1-x}F{sub x}” is presented. • The main conclusions drawn in the commented paper are based on the distinct different temperature evolution for T < 150 K among the superconducting and non-superconducting NdFeAsO{sub 1-x}F{sub x} compounds of both, atomic displacement parameters and Raman mode widths, rather than only on line broadening analysis or the detection of any symmetry breaking in the Raman spectra.

  10. Ore genesis constraints on the Idaho cobalt belt from fluid inclusion gas, noble gas isotope, and ion ratio analyses--a reply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofstra, Albert H.; Landis, Gary P.

    2013-01-01

    Burlinson (2013) questions the veracity of the H2 concentrations reported for fluid inclusion extracts from minerals in the Idaho cobalt belt (Table 2; Landis and Hofstra, 2012) and suggests that they are an analytical artifact of electron-impact mass spectrometry. He also declares that H2 should not be present in fluid inclusions because it is invariably lost by diffusion and is never detected in fluid inclusions by laser Raman. We welcome this opportunity to reply and maintain that the reported H2 contents are accurate. Below we explain why Burlinson’s criticisms are invalid.

  11. Understanding Developmental Reversals in False Memory: Reply to Ghetti (2008) and Howe (2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brainerd, C. J.; Reyna, V. F.; Ceci, S. J.; Holliday, R. E.

    2008-01-01

    S. Ghetti (2008) and M. L. Howe (2008) presented probative ideas for future research that will deepen scientific understanding of developmental reversals on false memory and establish boundary conditions for these counterintuitive patterns. Ghetti extended the purview of current theoretical principles by formulating hypotheses about how…

  12. Deep-vein thrombosis prophylaxis in foot and ankle surgery: what is the current state of practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Kalpesh; Thevendran, Gowreeson; Younger, Alastair; Pinney, Stephen J

    2015-04-01

    When contemplating thromboprophylaxis for patients undergoing elective foot and ankle surgery the potential for complications secondary to venous thromboembolism (VTE) must be balanced against the cost, risk, and effectiveness of prophylactic treatment. The incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) following foot and ankle surgery is considerably lower than after hip or knee surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess current trends in practice regarding VTE prophylaxis among expert orthopaedic foot and ankle surgeons. An e-mail-based survey of active AOFAS (American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) committee members was conducted (n = 100). Surgeons were questioned as to their use, type, and duration of thromboprophylaxis following elective ankle fusion surgery. Scenarios included the following: (1) A 50-year-old woman with no risk factors; (2) a 50-year-old woman with a history of PE; and (3) a 35-year-old woman actively using birth control pills (BCPs). The response rate for the survey was 80% (80/100). Replies regarding the use of thromboprophylaxis were as follows: (1) in the absence of risk factors, 57% of respondents (45/80) answered, "No prophylaxis required"; (2) for the scenario in which the patient had experienced a previous PE, 97.5% of respondents (78/80) answered, "Yes" to prophylaxis use; (3) for the scenario in which the patient was on BCP, 61.3% of respondents (49/80) stated that they would give some type of thromboprophylaxis. The most commonly recommended methods of prophylaxis were aspirin, 49% (24/49), and low-molecular-weight heparin, 47% (23/49). The recommended length of time for thromboprophylaxis varied widely, from 1 day to more than 6 weeks. . There remains wide variation in the practice of deep-vein thrombosis thromboprophylaxis within the foot and ankle community. Because risks for foot and ankle patients differ from those in the well-studied areas of hip and knee, specific guidelines are needed for foot and ankle surgery. Level V

  13. Light Cone Current Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Fritzsch, Harald

    2003-01-01

    This talk follows by a few months a talk by the same authors on nearly the same subject at the Coral Gables Conference. The ideas presented here are basically the same, but with some amplification, some change of viewpoint, and a number of new questions for the future. For our own convenience, we have transcribed the Coral Gables paper, but with an added ninth section, entitled "Problems of light cone current algebra", dealing with our present views and emphasizing research topics that require study.

  14. Postscript: Reading in Semantic Dementia--A Response to Woollams, Lambon Ralph, Plaut, and Patterson (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coltheart, Max; Tree, Jeremy J.; Saunders, Steven J.

    2010-01-01

    The current authors reply to a response by Woollams, Lambon Ralph, Plaut, and Patterson on a comment by the current authors on the original article. The current authors list their agreements and disagreements with Woollams, Lambon Ralph, Plaut, and Patterson's response on the topics of the human reading system, cognitive architecture, experimental…

  15. Reply to ``Comment on `Nonanalyticity of the optimized effective potential with finite basis sets' ''

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gidopoulos, Nikitas I.; Lathiotakis, Nektarios N.

    2013-10-01

    The Comment by Friedrich does not dispute the central result of our paper [Phys. Rev. APLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA.85.052508 85, 052508 (2012)] that nonanalytic behavior is present in long-established mathematical pathologies arising in the solution of finite basis optimized effective potential (OEP) equations. In the Comment, the terms “balancing of basis sets” and “basis-set convergence” imply a particular order towards the limit of a large orbital basis sets where the large-orbital-base limit is always taken first, before the large-auxiliary-base limit, until overall convergence is achieved, at a high computational cost. The authors claim that, on physical grounds, this order of limits is not only sufficient, but also necessary in order to avoid the mathematical pathologies. In response to the Comment, we remark that it is already written in our paper that the nonanalyticity trivially disappears with large orbital basis sets. We point out that the authors of the Comment give an incorrect proof of this statement. We also show that the order of limits towards convergence of the potential is immaterial. A recent paper by the authors of the Comment proposes a partial correction for the incomplete orbital basis error in the full-potential linearized augmented-plane-wave method. Similar to the correction developed in our paper, this correction also benefits from an effectively complete orbital basis, even though only a finite orbital basis is employed in the calculation. This shows that it is unnecessary to take, in practice, the limit of an infinite orbital basis in order to avoid mathematical pathologies in the OEP. Our paper is a significant contribution in that direction with general applicability to any choice of basis sets. Finally, contrary to an allusion in the abstract and assertions in the main text of the Comment that unphysical oscillations of the OEP are supposedly attributed to the common energy denominator approximation, in fact, such

  16. Linguistic complex networks: Rationale, application, interpretation, and directions. Reply to comments on "Approaching human language with complex networks"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cong, Jin; Liu, Haitao

    2014-12-01

    Amid the enthusiasm for real-world networks of the new millennium, the enquiry into linguistic networks is flourishing not only as a productive branch of the new networks science but also as a promising approach to linguistic research. Although the complex network approach constitutes a potential opportunity to make linguistics a science, the world of linguistics seems unprepared to embrace it. For one thing, linguistics has been largely unaffected by quantitative methods. Those who are accustomed to qualitative linguistic methods may find it hard to appreciate the application of quantitative properties of language such as frequency and length, not to mention quantitative properties of language modeled as networks. With this in mind, in our review [1] we restrict ourselves to the basics of complex networks and the new insights into human language with the application of complex networks. For another, while breaking new grounds and posing new challenges for linguistics, the complex network approach to human language as a new tradition of linguistic research is faced with challenges and unsolved issues of its own. It is no surprise that the comments on our review, especially their skepticism and suggestions, focus on various different aspects of the complex network approach to human language. We are grateful to all the insightful and penetrating comments, which, together with our review, mark a significant impetus to linguistic research from the complex network approach. In this reply, we would like to address four major issues of the complex network approach to human language, namely, a) its theoretical rationale, b) its application in linguistic research, c) interpretation of the results, and d) directions of future research.

  17. [Low frequency electro-stimulation and ultrasonic therapy (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernau, A; Kruppa, G

    1981-02-01

    In a prospective study 1200 sequences of low frequency electrostimulation and ultrasonic therapy have been examined. The basics of the type of currents applied, the therapy scheme and the indication routine are presented. These parameters were kept constant in the course of the 2 years' study. For the treatment 8 different apparatuses were available. The actual current shapes of the generators were measured, the influence of constant-current and constant-voltage output circuits were tested and were discussed in relation to the electrode types.--Advantages and disadvantages of disposable-type, sponge-type, lead-type and vacuum-type electrodes are reported. Treatments were carried out with the current types DF and CP of the diadynamic currents alone, as combined therapy together with ultrasound, as mere ultrasound treatment, as ultrastimulation current, as iontophoresis and galvanic current. The results are compared with comparable examinations by other authors and they are discussed with respect to different influencing factors.

  18. Reply to Gillis's "On the Analysis of Bell's 1964 Paper by Wiseman, Cavalcanti, and Rieffel"

    CERN Document Server

    Wiseman, Howard M; Cavalcanti, Eric G

    2016-01-01

    We address Gillis' recent criticism [arXiv:1506.05795] of a series of papers (by different combinations of the present authors) on formulations of Bell's theorem. Those papers intended to address an unfortunate gap of communication between two broad camps in the quantum foundations community that we identify as "operationalists" and "realists". Here, we once again urge the readers to approach the question from an unbiased standpoint, and explain that Gillis' criticism draws too heavily on the philosophical inclinations of one side of that debate -- the realist camp. As part of that explanation we discuss intuition versus proof, look again at Bell's formalizations of locality, and correct misstatements by Gillis of our views, and those of Bell and Einstein.

  19. Reply to "Comment on `Normalization of quasinormal modes in leaky optical cavities and plasmonic resonators' "

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristensen, Philip Trøst; Ge, Rong-Chun; Hughes, Stephen

    2017-07-01

    We refute all claims of the "Comment on `Normalization of quasinormal modes in leaky optical cavities and plasmonic resonators' " by E. A. Muljarov and W. Langbein. Based entirely on information already contained in our original article [P. T. Kristensen, R.-C. Ge, and S. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 92, 053810 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevA.92.053810], we dismiss every point of criticism as being unsupported and point out how important parts of our argumentation appear to have been overlooked by the Comment authors. In addition, we provide additional calculations showing directly the connection between the normalizations by Sauvan et al. and Muljarov et al., which were not included in our original article.

  20. Constraining accommodative homunculi in evolutionary explorations of jealousy: a reply to Barrett et al. (2006).

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeSteno, David; Bartlett, Monica Y; Salovey, Peter

    2006-09-01

    This article responds to a critique by H. C. Barrett, D. A. Frederick, M. G. Haselton, and R. Kurzban, wherein it is argued that manipulations of cognitive constraints cannot be used to test general evolutionary hypotheses regarding the architecture of mind. In making this argument, Barrett et al. focus on what they believe to be faulty logic in D. DeSteno, M. Y. Bartlett, J. Braverman, and P. Salovey's use of such techniques to examine proposed sex differences in jealousy. In presenting their argument, however, Barrett et al. appear to disregard central findings presented in DeSteno et al. (2002) and, in so doing, fail to grasp the interrelations among findings that might readily address their concerns. Here, the authors present arguments for why and when manipulations of cognitive resources may prove useful in investigating evolved psychological mechanisms and, in so doing, situate their use within the ongoing debate concerning evolved sex differences in jealousy.

  1. Reply to "Comment on `Fractional quantum mechanics' and `Fractional Schrödinger equation' "

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laskin, Nick

    2016-06-01

    The fractional uncertainty relation is a mathematical formulation of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle in the framework of fractional quantum mechanics. Two mistaken statements presented in the Comment have been revealed. The origin of each mistaken statement has been clarified and corrected statements have been made. A map between standard quantum mechanics and fractional quantum mechanics has been presented to emphasize the features of fractional quantum mechanics and to avoid misinterpretations of the fractional uncertainty relation. It has been shown that the fractional probability current equation is correct in the area of its applicability. Further studies have to be done to find meaningful quantum physics problems with involvement of the fractional probability current density vector and the extra term emerging in the framework of fractional quantum mechanics.

  2. Reply to "Comment on 'Fractional quantum mechanics' and 'Fractional Schrödinger equation' ".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laskin, Nick

    2016-06-01

    The fractional uncertainty relation is a mathematical formulation of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle in the framework of fractional quantum mechanics. Two mistaken statements presented in the Comment have been revealed. The origin of each mistaken statement has been clarified and corrected statements have been made. A map between standard quantum mechanics and fractional quantum mechanics has been presented to emphasize the features of fractional quantum mechanics and to avoid misinterpretations of the fractional uncertainty relation. It has been shown that the fractional probability current equation is correct in the area of its applicability. Further studies have to be done to find meaningful quantum physics problems with involvement of the fractional probability current density vector and the extra term emerging in the framework of fractional quantum mechanics.

  3. The Impunity of Private Authority

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leander, Anna

    2007-01-01

    In security, as in other areas, the emergence of transnational private organizations with a central role in governance poses profound challenges to established conceptions of international politics and democracy. This paper discusses one side of this challenge by looking at accountability of priv......-directed and unnecessary. The point made in this paper that this, rather than sheer complexity or hidden political agendas, is key for understanding the present rather puzzling lack of (democratic) accountability of PSCs and its likely continuation.......In security, as in other areas, the emergence of transnational private organizations with a central role in governance poses profound challenges to established conceptions of international politics and democracy. This paper discusses one side of this challenge by looking at accountability...... of private security companies (PSCs). PSCs have become authorities in their own right in the security sphere. This has raised the question of their accountability and also resulted in considerable efforts to improve the accountability of the firms. This paper looks at why these efforts bear so little fruit...

  4. 30 CFR 229.4 - Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STATES General Provisions § 229.4 Authority. The Secretary of the DOI is authorized under provisons of 30 U.S.C. 1735 to delegate authority to States to conduct audits and related investigations with... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authority. 229.4 Section 229.4 Mineral...

  5. 48 CFR 401.103 - Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... delegated authority to promulgate Departmental acquisition regulations. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority. 401.103 Section... ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Purpose, Authority, Issuance 401.103 Authority. The AGAR and amendments thereto...

  6. 47 CFR 0.283 - Authority delegated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority delegated. 0.283 Section 0.283..., Media Bureau § 0.283 Authority delegated. The Chief, Media Bureau, is delegated authority to perform all... television channels. (b) Application for review of actions taken pursuant to delegated authority. (c) Matters...

  7. 47 CFR 0.311 - Authority delegated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority delegated. 0.311 Section 0.311... Enforcement Bureau § 0.311 Authority delegated. The Chief, Enforcement Bureau, is delegated authority to... delegated authority. (3) Matters that present novel questions of law, fact or policy that cannot be resolved...

  8. 47 CFR 0.271 - Authority delegated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority delegated. 0.271 Section 0.271... of Strategic Planning and Policy Analysis § 0.271 Authority delegated. (a) Insofar as authority is... status, the Chief, Office of Strategic Planning and Policy Analysis is delegated authority to deny...

  9. 47 CFR 0.251 - Authority delegated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority delegated. 0.251 Section 0.251... Counsel § 0.251 Authority delegated. (a) The General Counsel is delegated authority to act as the “designated agency ethics official.” (b) Insofar as authority is not delegated to any other Bureau or Office...

  10. 5 CFR 535.103 - Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority. 535.103 Section 535.103 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CRITICAL POSITION PAY AUTHORITY § 535.103 Authority. (a) Subject to a grant of authority from OPM in consultation with OMB and all...

  11. Open Access Publishing: What Authors Want

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nariani, Rajiv; Fernandez, Leila

    2012-01-01

    Campus-based open access author funds are being considered by many academic libraries as a way to support authors publishing in open access journals. Article processing fees for open access have been introduced recently by publishers and have not yet been widely accepted by authors. Few studies have surveyed authors on their reasons for publishing…

  12. Open Access Publishing: What Authors Want

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nariani, Rajiv; Fernandez, Leila

    2012-01-01

    Campus-based open access author funds are being considered by many academic libraries as a way to support authors publishing in open access journals. Article processing fees for open access have been introduced recently by publishers and have not yet been widely accepted by authors. Few studies have surveyed authors on their reasons for publishing…

  13. Power and Authority in Adult Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsobaie, Mohammed Fahad

    2015-01-01

    This paper covers power and authority in adult education, focusing on the modern definitions of power and authority in the educational context, then moving into past precedents of the use of power and authority of classrooms. Finally, the optimal types of power and authority to apply to adult education are examined. Power defines a relationship…

  14. [Current status of "hospital-clinic" and "hospital-pharmacy" cooperation for inhalation therapy -based on hospital surveys throughout Japan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshimura, Chie; Momose, Yasuyuki; Horie, Takeo; Komase, Yuko; Niimi, Akio; Dobashi, Kunio; Fujimoto, Keisaku; Tohda, Yuuji; Ohta, Ken; Adachi, Mitsuru

    2014-02-01

    The "zero death from asthma strategy" in the medical treatment for bronchial asthma has been promoted by the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare from 2006, and it indicates that medical and non-medical specialists, as well as pharmacists, should cooperate, and strives to build cooperation which is suited the actual conditions of an area. It is also important for COPD. Although hospitals in some areas cooperate with clinics and pharmacies, the overall concept of cooperation appears to be absent in most Japanese hospitals. A questionnaire was administered in early March, 2012 to 477 allergology institutions, and was authorized by an educational establishment. Among 246 replies from the institutions, cooperation between hospitals and clinics was carried out by 98 institutions (39.8%) specializing in bronchial asthma, and in 64 institutions (37.2%) specializing in COPD. However, cooperation tools were used in only 37 of these institutions (15.0%). The ability to fill prescriptions outside the hospital was available in 209 institutions (85.0%). One-hundred and seventeen institutions (47.6%) replied that they have no tools for hospital-pharmacy cooperation. Direct indications were written in prescriptions by 82 institutions (33.3). In order to build inter-regional association and to equalize medical treatment, we suggest that developing tools and organization for cooperation between health professionals who treat patients with bronchial asthma and COPD is necessary.

  15. UNCOVERING THE TRUE “WEALTH” OF HAPPINESS —EXAMINING THE LIMITATIONS THAT GOVERN CROESUS’ QUESTION ABOUT HAPPINESS AND ARISTOTLE’S SUBSEQUENT REPLY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alon Segev

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the article is to present the context in which we, modern readers and scholars, make meaningful use of the words “happiness,” “luck,” and “fortune.” This discussion starts by examining Croesus’s question to Solon, who is the happiest man on earth, and then continues by analyzing Solon’s reply that a man can only be called happy after his death. Next, it aims to show what is implied and meant in Solon’s obscure reply. As the article explores, it turns out that Solon is talking about the transient fortune (ευτυχιη and the permanent fortune (ολβος, measured after the number of fortunate moments in one’s lifespan, and not about the subjective disposition of being happy, as the modern speaker uses this term. At this point, the article offers Aristotle’s reading of Solon and his alternative interpretation of Solon’s concept of happiness. According to Aristotle, happiness is more a matter of character, of quality rather than quantity. The article continues by isolating the term “happiness” from the quantitative factor which still plays a role for Aristotle. In conclusion, the article presents a paradox that stems from conceiving happiness as a quantitative matter; that is, that not even death can serve as an ultimate final stage after which we could conclusively declare someone to have been happy or not.

  16. A Typed Model for Dynamic Authorizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Ghilezan

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Security requirements in distributed software systems are inherently dynamic. In the case of authorization policies, resources are meant to be accessed only by authorized parties, but the authorization to access a resource may be dynamically granted/yielded. We describe ongoing work on a model for specifying communication and dynamic authorization handling. We build upon the pi-calculus so as to enrich communication-based systems with authorization specification and delegation; here authorizations regard channel usage and delegation refers to the act of yielding an authorization to another party. Our model includes: (i a novel scoping construct for authorization, which allows to specify authorization boundaries, and (ii communication primitives for authorizations, which allow to pass around authorizations to act on a given channel. An authorization error may consist in, e.g., performing an action along a name which is not under an appropriate authorization scope. We introduce a typing discipline that ensures that processes never reduce to authorization errors, even when authorizations are dynamically delegated.

  17. 7 CFR 2.3 - Authority of the Secretary to delegate authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of the Secretary to delegate authority. 2.3... delegate authority. (a) The general authority of the Secretary to make delegations of his authority is... delegate to any agency, office, officer, or employee of the Department the authority to perform any...

  18. 78 FR 62345 - Sabine River Authority of Texas; Sabine River Authority, State of Louisiana; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-18

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Sabine River Authority of Texas; Sabine River Authority, State of Louisiana; Notice of Authorization for Continued Project Operation On September 30 2011, the Sabine River Authority of Texas and Sabine River Authority, State of Louisiana (Sabine River Authorities), licensee(s)...

  19. A claim in search of evidence: reply to Manger's thermogenesis hypothesis of cetacean brain structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marino, Lori; Butti, Camilla; Connor, Richard C; Fordyce, R Ewan; Herman, Louis M; Hof, Patrick R; Lefebvre, Louis; Lusseau, David; McCowan, Brenda; Nimchinsky, Esther A; Pack, Adam A; Reidenberg, Joy S; Reiss, Diana; Rendell, Luke; Uhen, Mark D; Van der Gucht, Estelle; Whitehead, Hal

    2008-11-01

    In a recent publication in Biological Reviews, Manger (2006) made the controversial claim that the large brains of cetaceans evolved to generate heat during oceanic cooling in the Oligocene epoch and not, as is the currently accepted view, as a basis for an increase in cognitive or information-processing capabilities in response to ecological or social pressures. Manger further argued that dolphins and other cetaceans are considerably less intelligent than generally thought. In this review we challenge Manger's arguments and provide abundant evidence that modern cetacean brains are large in order to support complex cognitive abilities driven by social and ecological forces.

  20. The Savonius Water Current Meter

    Science.gov (United States)

    1960-11-03

    the author visited the David Taylor Model Basin for the purpose of calibrating five (5) Savonius water current ,meter rotors in the range of .1 to 1...Iastitution of Oceanography. Figure 1 is a block diagram of the water current meter and its associated equipment. The details of the Savonius rotor are...an amplifier. The Savonius rotor functions as a salt water switch which varies the r-. coupling of the transformer thus it awplitude modulates the 100

  1. A Defence of Conscientious Objection in Medicine: A Reply to Schuklenk and Savulescu.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowley, Christopher

    2016-06-01

    In a recent (2015) Bioethics editorial, Udo Schuklenk argues against allowing Canadian doctors to conscientiously object to any new euthanasia procedures approved by Parliament. In this he follows Julian Savulescu's 2006 BMJ paper which argued for the removal of the conscientious objection clause in the 1967 UK Abortion Act. Both authors advance powerful arguments based on the need for uniformity of service and on analogies with reprehensible kinds of personal exemption. In this article I want to defend the practice of conscientious objection in publicly-funded healthcare systems (such as those of Canada and the UK), at least in the area of abortion and end-of-life care, without entering either of the substantive moral debates about the permissibility of either. My main claim is that Schuklenk and Savulescu have misunderstood the special nature of medicine, and have misunderstood the motivations of the conscientious objectors. However, I acknowledge Schuklenk's point about differential access to lawful services in remote rural areas, and I argue that the health service should expend more to protect conscientious objection while ensuring universal access.

  2. Allopathic and traditional health practitioners: A reply to Nemutandani, Hendricks and Mulaudzi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudi W. de Lange

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available An earlier paper in this journal reported on the perception and experience of 77 allopathic health practitioners (AHPs and health managers about working together with South African traditional health practitioners (THPs. The paper stated that the abolishment of the Witchcraft Suppression Act of 1957 and the introduction of the Traditional Health Practitioners Act No. 22 of 2007 is a milestone in the development of traditional health knowledge, and for the eventual incorporation thereof into modern health care practices. The authors also comment that a decolonisation of mindset and a change of attitude is required to change one’s perception of traditional healer practices and to develop them parallel to allopathic health practice. This opinion paper is a response to the paper, to negate its claims about the Witchcraft Suppression Act of 1957 and to provide clarity on the Traditional Health Practitioners Act No. 22 of 2007 and related policies and regulations. Although this Act recognises THP, the Act and other regulations actually require THP to conform to practices analogous to those of AHP. It is rather a systematic and scientific ‘mindset’ that is required to develop THP parallel to AHP. The Traditional Health Practitioners Act of 2007 and the Draft Policy on African Traditional Medicine (TM for South Africa dictate that a substantial THP sectoral transformation is required before there can be a parallel system. Legislation and regulations have excluded THP and African TM from operating (present and future in the same space as AHP.

  3. Reply [to “Comment on ‘Assessing flood hazard on dynamic rivers’”

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinter, Nicholas; Thomas, Russell; Wlosinski, Joseph H.

    We welcome the comments by D. M. Goldman, J. R. Olsen, and S. K. Nanda of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers on our analyses of flood trends on the Middle Mississippi River (MMR) and on our assertion that historical stage data can be utilized in flood-frequency analysis. In some cases, the comments by the Corps authors point out legitimate limitations in the technique presented in our original article—limitations that we also have pointed out (for example, to funding agencies) as directions for future refinement. In other cases, Goldman et al. repeat arguments that have been used for decades to stymie attempts to link river engineering activities to worsening flood behavior. We welcome the opportunity to review these arguments under the spotlight of rigorous analysis. Finally, a major purpose of the Pinter et al. [2001] paper was to show that historical stage data represent an underutilized resource that has promise as a supplement to, and an independent test of discharge-based, model-driven analyses of flood frequency.

  4. Interventions and Models of Their Delivery to Reduce the Burden of Mental Illness: Reply to Commentaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazdin, Alan E; Blase, Stacey L

    2011-09-01

    Our article in the January issue of Perspectives on Psychological Science (Kazdin & Blase, 2011) recommended developing a portfolio of models to deliver psychotherapeutic interventions with the goals of reaching a larger and more diverse segment of the population in need of mental health services and reducing the burden of mental illness. The commentaries offer several novel extensions to advance the goals. Among the topics raised in the commentaries are the role of moderating influences, the importance of a public health model for intervention research and application, the need to organize and manage our knowledge base and current treatments more effectively, the potential utility of priming-based interventions, the importance of cost measures, and novel applications to extend treatment broadly to veterans in need of services. The commentaries stimulated additional points to address the original goals including the utility of identifying interventions (e.g., lifestyle changes) that can reach many people in need and that can have broad outcome effects on mental and physical health, the importance of "disruptive innovations" (i.e., innovations that qualitatively change the nature of what and how services are delivered) from a business perspective, and the need for improved assessment to track the burden of mental illness in an ongoing way and to evaluate subgroups not being reached with our current interventions. © Association for Psychological Science 2011.

  5. The Role of Teacher's Authority in Students' Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmaeili, Zohreh; Mohamadrezai, Hosein; Mohamadrezai, Abdolah

    2015-01-01

    The current article attempts to examine the relation between authority styles of teachers and learning of students of secondary school of district 9 Tehran. The researcher has collected theoretical information by library method and then arranged the field information from teachers of secondary schools of district 9 of Tehran by questionnaire; the…

  6. AUTHORITY OF SELF-REGULATING ORGANIZATIONS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Любовь Борисовна Ситдикова

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the legal means of self-control in the construction industry. It was revealed that the mandatory requirements for the self-regulatory organization controlling quality of its work and its technical regulations applied are not considered by current legislation. The author suggests possible solutions to this problem.

  7. Commentary from the Flower Garden: Responding to Gregg, 2000 [and] A Ripe Garden for Weeding: A Reply to Lantolf.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lantolf, James P.; Gregg, Kevin R.

    2002-01-01

    Includes a response to an article written previously on what a postmodernist perspective might do for second language acquisition research and a comment by the author of the original article reacting to the response. (Author/VWL)

  8. Worship of Authority and Human Nature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangRuisheng

    2005-01-01

    Authority is a cultural phenomenon that by its nature implies social relations between individuals. At the heart of authority is power-holders' maximization of their own interests by virtue of their ruling positions. In ancient society based on the small-scale peasant economy, the concept of authority worship was unavoidable. It is rooted in the premise that man is by nature evil and hence needs the awe-inspiring powers of authority. A highly developed cult of authority exerts enormous influence on and seriously distorts human nature. But the authority cult was not the only ideology in feudal society;

  9. Should Authors be Requested to Suggest Peer Reviewers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira da Silva, Jaime A; Al-Khatib, Aceil

    2017-02-02

    As part of a continuous process to explore the factors that might weaken or corrupt traditional peer review, in this paper, we query the ethics, fairness and validity of the request, by editors, of authors to suggest peer reviewers during the submission process. One of the reasons for the current crisis in science pertains to a loss in trust as a result of a flawed peer review which is by nature biased unless it is open peer review. As we indicate, the fact that some editors and journals rely on authors' suggestions in terms of who should peer review their paper already instills a potential way to abuse the trust of the submission and publishing system. An author-suggested peer reviewer choice might also tempt authors to seek reviewers who might be more receptive or sympathetic to the authors' message or results, and thus favor the outcome of that paper. Authors should thus not be placed in such a potentially ethically compromising situation, especially as a mandatory condition for submission. However, the fact that they do not have an opt-out choice during the submission process-especially when using an online submission system that makes such a suggestion compulsory-may constitute a violation of authors' rights.

  10. Public authority control strategy for opinion evolution in social networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xi; Xiong, Xi; Zhang, Minghong; Li, Wei

    2016-08-01

    This paper addresses the need to deal with and control public opinion and rumors. Existing strategies to control public opinion include degree, random, and adaptive bridge control strategies. In this paper, we use the HK model to present a public opinion control strategy based on public authority (PA). This means utilizing the influence of expert or high authority individuals whose opinions we control to obtain the optimum effect in the shortest time possible and thus reach a consensus of public opinion. Public authority (PA) is only influenced by individuals' attributes (age, economic status, and education level) and not their degree distribution; hence, in this paper, we assume that PA complies with two types of public authority distribution (normal and power-law). According to the proposed control strategy, our experiment is based on random, degree, and public authority control strategies in three different social networks (small-world, scale-free, and random) and we compare and analyze the strategies in terms of convergence time (T), final number of controlled agents (C), and comprehensive efficiency (E). We find that different network topologies and the distribution of the PA in the network can influence the final controlling effect. While the effect of PA strategy differs in different network topology structures, all structures achieve comprehensive efficiency with any kind of public authority distribution in any network. Our findings are consistent with several current sociological phenomena and show that in the process of public opinion/rumor control, considerable attention should be paid to high authority individuals.

  11. Federal administrative health courts are unconstitutional: a reply to Elliott, Narayan, and Nasmith.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widman, Amy; Hochberg, Francine A

    2008-08-01

    This commentary responds to the essay by Elliott, Narayan, and Nasmith wherein they propose that the federal government may preclude plaintiffs with medically inflicted injuries from bringing state common-law tort claims against those whose negligence caused their injury. The administrative system championed by Elliott and other proponents is a radical departure from the current civil justice system. Specifically, we argue that the administrative health courts, as proposed, violate the commerce clause, the spending clause, the Seventh Amendment, and separation of powers principles. The commentary concludes that such a system is fatally flawed and cannot withstand constitutional scrutiny. Moreover, we are not persuaded that Congress will be able to ground such a radical constitutional restructuring in any sound public policy, as the majority of studies do not evidence Elliott, Narayan, and Nasmith's presumption that the civil justice system has failed in the medical malpractice context.

  12. Reply to Comments on Neuroelectrodynamics: Where are the Real Conceptual Pitfalls?

    CERN Document Server

    Aur, Dorian

    2012-01-01

    The fundamental, powerful process of computation in the brain has been widely misunderstood. The paper [1] associates the general failure to build intelligent thinking machines with current reductionist principles of temporal coding and advocates for a change in paradigm regarding the brain analogy. Since fragments of information are stored in proteins which can shift between several structures to perform their function, the biological substrate is actively involved in physical computation. The intrinsic nonlinear dynamics of action potentials and synaptic activities maintain physical interactions within and between neurons in the brain. During these events the required information is exchanged between molecular structures (proteins) which store fragments of information and the generated electric flux which carries and integrates information in the brain. The entire process of physical interaction explains how the brain actively creates or experiences meaning. This process of interaction during an action pote...

  13. The (Ir)relevance of Group Size in Health Care Priority Setting: A Reply to Juth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandman, Lars; Gustavsson, Erik

    2017-03-01

    How to handle orphan drugs for rare diseases is a pressing problem in current health-care. Due to the group size of patients affecting the cost of treatment, they risk being disadvantaged in relation to existing cost-effectiveness thresholds. In an article by Niklas Juth it has been argued that it is irrelevant to take indirectly operative factors like group size into account since such a compensation would risk discounting the use of cost, a relevant factor, altogether. In this article we analyze Juth's argument and observe that we already do compensate for indirectly operative factors, both outside and within cost-effectiveness evaluations, for formal equality reasons. Based on this we argue that we have reason to set cost-effectiveness thresholds to integrate equity concerns also including formal equality considerations. We find no reason not to compensate for group size to the extent we already compensate for other factors. Moreover, groups size implying a systematic disadvantage also on a global scale, i.e. taking different aspects of the health condition of patients suffering from rare diseases into account, will provide strong reason for why group size is indeed relevant to compensate for (if anything).

  14. The native identification friend-foe of Brazil: questions and replies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Julius Wurts

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the System of Identification Friend-Foe (IFF with genuinely national technology, including Mode 4 with native encryption. Actual fratricides are illustrated and the Brazilian processes to reduce them are shown. Technical aspects of IFF systems in use by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO, are reviewed and updated based on the standards of NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG 4193. The analysis shows that the current stage of development of the industry of National Defense, coupled with its ability to integrate with the technological centers of the Armed Forces, as well as the availability of budget for research and development, resulting from the National Defense Policy, are factors for the success of the project. Also, it exposes the importance of combining air defense and air traffic control in Brazil as a determinant factor for the success of the task. The solution should be based on maintaining the standards laid down in STANAG 4193 technical characteristics of interrogators and transponders of IFF Mark XII, keeping the processes of interrogation and “response”. Results indicate the need of providing grants to study the incorporation of Mode 5 and Mode S, in a second step.

  15. Reply to Comments on ``Generation of focused, nonspherically decaying pulses of electromagnetic radiation''

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardavan, H.

    2000-08-01

    The criticism made by Hannay [preceding Comment, Phys. Rev. E 62, 3008 (2000)] is unfounded since the steps, familiar from the subluminal regime, that are taken in his argument are not mathematically permissible when the distribution pattern of the source is moving and has volume elements that approach the observer with the speed of light and zero acceleration along the radiation direction. In the superluminal regime, the retarded time is a multivalued function of the observation time and so the retarded potential for the radiation from a localized source cannot be represented, as Hannay assumes, by an integral over all space whose integrand entails a differentiable retarded distribution of the source density. Contrary to what is claimed by Hewish [Comment in this issue, Phys. Rev. E 62, 3007 (2000)], moreover, there is no discrepancy between conventional antenna theory and the analysis that appears in Phys. Rev. E 58, 6659 (1998). The characteristics of the new type of emission predicted by this analysis, and received from pulsars, differ from those of the radiation that is produced by known leaky waveguides because there are at present no antennas in which the emitting electric current is both volume-distributed and has the time dependence of a traveling wave with an accelerated superluminal motion.

  16. 15 CFR 4a.4 - Classification authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Classification authority. 4a.4 Section 4a.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce CLASSIFICATION, DECLASSIFICATION, AND PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION § 4a.4 Classification authority. Authority...

  17. 5 CFR 250.102 - Delegated authorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Delegated authorities. 250.102 Section 250.102 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT IN AGENCIES Authority for Personnel Actions in Agencies § 250.102 Delegated authorities. OPM may...

  18. 47 CFR 0.241 - Authority delegated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority delegated. 0.241 Section 0.241... Engineer § 0.241 Authority delegated. (a) The performance of functions and activities described in § 0.31...). (2) Petitions for review of actions taken to delegated authority. See § 1.115 of this chapter. (3...

  19. 48 CFR 205.502 - Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... DEFENSE ACQUISITION PLANNING PUBLICIZING CONTRACT ACTIONS Paid Advertisements 205.502 Authority. (a) Newspapers. Heads of contracting activities are delegated authority to approve the publication of paid... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority. 205.502 Section...

  20. 47 CFR 0.392 - Authority delegated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority delegated. 0.392 Section 0.392... Safety and Homeland Security Bureau § 0.392 Authority delegated. The Chief, Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau, is hereby delegated authority to perform all functions of the Bureau, described in §§ 0...