WorldWideScience

Sample records for culturally significant object

  1. 78 FR 7849 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-04

    ... Opulence: British Art at the Dawn of the Twentieth Century,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Edwardian Opulence: British Art at the Dawn of the Twentieth Century'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following...

  2. 76 FR 5236 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Upside Down Arctic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-28

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Upside Down Arctic Realities... Down Arctic Realities,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with the foreign owners...

  3. 76 FR 68808 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ... Exhibition Determinations: ``Transition to Christianity: Art of Late Antiquity, 3rd-7th Century AD'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Transition to Christianity: Art of Late Antiquity, 3rd-7th Century AD,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of...

  4. 76 FR 14115 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Assorted Greek and Roman...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Assorted Greek and Roman Objects... Greek and Roman Objects'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  5. 78 FR 20372 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Hall of Ancient Egypt”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-04

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Hall of Ancient Egypt'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Hall of Ancient Egypt,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to...

  6. 78 FR 79058 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Chinese Paintings from...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Chinese Paintings from Japanese..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Chinese Paintings...

  7. 77 FR 48199 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Bernini: Sculpting in Clay”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Bernini: Sculpting in Clay'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Bernini: Sculpting in Clay,'' imported from abroad...

  8. 78 FR 17744 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Maya: Hidden Worlds...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Maya: Hidden Worlds Revealed... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Maya: Hidden Worlds Revealed,'' imported...

  9. 75 FR 45195 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Literary Lives: Portraits...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Literary Lives: Portraits From the... that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Literary Lives: Portraits from the Crawford...

  10. 76 FR 58075 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Cervera Bible”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Cervera Bible'' SUMMARY: Notice is... object to be included in the exhibition ``Cervera Bible,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  11. 77 FR 61468 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Balthus: Cats and Girls”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Balthus: Cats and Girls'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Balthus: Cats and Girls,'' imported from abroad for...

  12. 78 FR 1916 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Impressionism, Fashion...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: ``Impressionism, Fashion, and..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Impressionism, Fashion...

  13. 76 FR 29286 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Pissarro's People”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Pissarro's People'' SUMMARY: Notice..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Pissarro's People,''...

  14. 78 FR 28274 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Medieval Treasures from...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Medieval Treasures from Hildesheim... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Medieval Treasures from Hildesheim,''...

  15. 78 FR 61981 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Anders Zorn: Sweden's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Anders Zorn: Sweden's Master Painter... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Anders Zorn: Sweden's Master...

  16. 76 FR 12786 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Poetry in Clay: Korean...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Poetry in Clay: Korean Buncheong... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Poetry in Clay: Korean Buncheong Ceramics from the...

  17. 75 FR 17197 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Cyprus: Crossroads of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Cyprus: Crossroads of Civilizations... that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Cyprus: Crossroads of Civilizations,''...

  18. 75 FR 38589 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Salvador Dali: The Late...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Salvador Dali: The Late Work... that the objects to be ] included in the exhibition ``Salvador Dali: The Late Work,'' imported...

  19. 78 FR 48925 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Violence and Virtue...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Violence and Virtue: Artemisia... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Violence...

  20. 75 FR 51518 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ballplayers, Gods, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ballplayers, Gods, and Rainmaker... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Ballplayers, Gods, and Rainmaker Kings: Masterpieces...

  1. 76 FR 53993 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “New Photography 2011...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``New Photography 2011: Zhang Dali... objects to be included in the exhibition ``New Photography 2011: Zhang Dali, Moyra Davey, George...

  2. 77 FR 50542 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “New Photography 2012...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``New Photography 2012: Michele Abeles... objects to be included in the exhibition ``New Photography 2012: Michele Abeles, Birdhead (Ji Weiyu...

  3. 78 FR 40544 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “New Photography 2013...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``New Photography 2013: Adam Broomberg..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``New Photography...

  4. 78 FR 71022 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Christopher Williams: The...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Christopher Williams: The Production..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Christopher Williams:...

  5. 76 FR 20802 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Capitoline Venus”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Capitoline Venus'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``The Capitoline...

  6. 76 FR 23642 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Projects 95: Runa Islam”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Projects 95: Runa Islam'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Projects 95: Runa...

  7. 76 FR 12399 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Paris: Life & Luxury”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Paris: Life & Luxury'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Paris: Life &...

  8. 75 FR 57825 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ancient Chinese Bronzes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ancient Chinese Bronzes From the... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Ancient Chinese Bronzes from the Shouyang Studio: The...

  9. 75 FR 74768 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Norwegian Painters”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Norwegian Painters'' SUMMARY: Notice..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Norwegian...

  10. 75 FR 45194 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Drawing from Nature...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Drawing from Nature: Landscapes by... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Drawing from Nature: Landscapes by Max Liebermann, Lovis...

  11. 77 FR 34121 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Lucian Freud: Portraits”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Lucian Freud: Portraits'' SUMMARY... object to be included in the exhibition ``Lucian Freud: Portraits,'' imported from abroad by The Modern...

  12. 78 FR 4972 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Chagall: Beyond Color”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Chagall: Beyond Color'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Chagall: Beyond Color,'' imported from abroad for...

  13. 78 FR 68134 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Renaissance to Goya...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Renaissance to Goya: Prints and... ``Renaissance to Goya: Prints and Drawings from Spain,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  14. 76 FR 70805 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Renaissance Portrait...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Renaissance Portrait From... ``The Renaissance Portrait from Donatello to Bellini,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  15. 75 FR 62916 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “India's Fabled City: The...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``India's Fabled City: The Art of... ``India's Fabled City: The Art of Courtly Lucknow,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  16. 75 FR 5637 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Architecture as Icon...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Architecture as Icon: Perception and... Icon: Perception and Representation of Architecture in Byzantine Art,'' imported from abroad...

  17. 76 FR 4987 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Bali: Art, Ritual...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Bali: Art, Ritual, Performance..., Ritual, Performance,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  18. 76 FR 23642 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Marajo: Ancient Ceramics...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Marajo: Ancient Ceramics at the... ``Marajo: Ancient Ceramics at the Mouth of the Amazon'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  19. 76 FR 12786 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Charlotte Salomon: Life...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Charlotte Salomon: Life? Or Theatre... Salomon: Life? Or Theatre?'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States,...

  20. 76 FR 15358 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Before the Pyramids: The...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-21

    ... ``Before the Pyramids: The Origins of Egyptian Civilization'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Before the Pyramids: The Origins of Egyptian Civilization'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to...

  1. 77 FR 39319 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Bodies and Shadows...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Bodies and Shadows: Caravaggio and...: Caravaggio and His Legacy'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are...

  2. 75 FR 80885 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Buddhist Heritage of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Buddhist Heritage of Pakistan... Buddhist Heritage of Pakistan,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United...

  3. 78 FR 18664 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Diaghilev and the Ballets...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Diaghilev and the Ballets Russes... the Ballets Russes, 1909- 1929: When Art Danced with Music,'' imported from abroad for...

  4. 77 FR 4614 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Children of the Plumed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Children of the Plumed Serpent: The... exhibition ``Children of the Plumed Serpent: The Legacy of Quetzalcoatl in Ancient Mexico,'' imported...

  5. 77 FR 32711 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Messerschmidt and Modernity”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Messerschmidt and Modernity... ``Messerschmidt and Modernity,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of...

  6. 76 FR 44976 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Heroic Africans...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ... Exhibition Determinations: ``Heroic Africans: Legendary Leaders, Iconic Sculptures'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Heroic Africans: Legendary Leaders, Iconic Sculptures,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance....

  7. 78 FR 8682 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vermeer's Woman in Blue...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Vermeer's Woman in Blue Reading a... ``Vermeer's Woman in Blue Reading a Letter,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  8. 76 FR 53705 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Seductive Luxury and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: ``Seductive Luxury and Innovation... ``Seductive Luxury and Innovation: The Furniture of Abraham and David Roentgen,'' imported from abroad...

  9. 75 FR 7649 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Otto Dix”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Otto Dix'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby... included in the exhibition ``Otto Dix,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...

  10. 75 FR 15764 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gods of Angkor: Bronzes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Gods of Angkor: Bronzes From the...: Bronzes from the National Museum of Cambodia,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  11. 77 FR 23318 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “African Cosmos: Stellar Arts”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``African Cosmos: Stellar Arts... Cosmos: Stellar Arts,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, is...

  12. 75 FR 48736 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Kurt Schwitters: Color...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Kurt Schwitters: Color and Collage... Schwitters: Color and Collage,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States,...

  13. 75 FR 25031 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Tiffany: Color and Light”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Tiffany: Color and Light'' SUMMARY... included in the exhibition ``Tiffany: Color and Light,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  14. 77 FR 61045 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “China's Terracotta...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``China's Terracotta Warriors: The... Terracotta Warriors: The First Emperor's Legacy,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  15. 76 FR 63701 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Johan Zoffany RA: Society...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Johan Zoffany RA: Society Observed... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Johan Zoffany RA: Society Observed,'' imported... that the exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at the Yale Center for British Art, New...

  16. 78 FR 45285 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Egypt's Mysterious Book...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-26

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Egypt's Mysterious Book of the..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Egypt's Mysterious Book... custodians. I also determine that the exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at The Walters Art...

  17. 77 FR 15839 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Making a Presence: F...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-16

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Making a Presence: F. Holland Day in.... Holland Day in Artistic Photography,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United... of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Department of State. BILLING CODE 4710-05-P ...

  18. 75 FR 57825 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Artifacts From Auschwitz...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Artifacts From Auschwitz-Birkenau... of August 28, 2000, I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition...

  19. 78 FR 33465 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Interwoven Globe: The...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Interwoven Globe: The Worldwide... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Interwoven Globe...

  20. 77 FR 53959 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dancing Into Dreams, Maya...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Dancing Into Dreams, Maya Vases From..., 2003), I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Dancing Into Dreams,...

  1. 75 FR 18252 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Through African Eyes: The...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Through African Eyes: The European in... 15, 2003 , I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Through African...

  2. 78 FR 53817 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Venetian Glass by Carlo...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Venetian Glass by Carlo Scarpa: The... April 15, 2003, I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Venetian Glass by...

  3. 76 FR 58075 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Rembrandt and Degas: Two...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Rembrandt and Degas: Two Young..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Rembrandt and Degas: Two...

  4. 75 FR 28848 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Original Copy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Original Copy: Photography of... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Original Copy: Photography of...

  5. 77 FR 41473 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Lion Attacking a Horse”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Lion Attacking a Horse'' SUMMARY... object entitled ``Lion Attacking a Horse,'' to be imported by The J. Paul Getty Museum from abroad...

  6. 76 FR 56864 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Caravaggio and His...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Caravaggio and His Followers in Rome... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Caravaggio and His Followers in...

  7. 77 FR 56697 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Steve McQueen”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Steve McQueen'' SUMMARY: Notice is... object to be included in the exhibition ``Steve McQueen,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  8. 78 FR 52997 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Yoga: the Art of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Yoga: the Art of Transformation... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Yoga: the Art of Transformation,'' imported...

  9. 75 FR 30459 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dynasty and Divinity: Ife...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Dynasty and Divinity: Ife Art in... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Dynasty and Divinity: Ife Art...

  10. 75 FR 7536 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Words That... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Words...

  11. 77 FR 36329 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dead Sea Scrolls & The...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Dead Sea Scrolls & The Bible Ancient... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Dead Sea...

  12. 77 FR 21142 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Edouard Vuillard: A...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Edouard Vuillard: A Painter and His..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Edouard Vuillard: A...

  13. 77 FR 28419 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Gustav Klimt: The Magic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Gustav Klimt: The Magic of Line... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Gustav Klimt: The Magic of Line,''...

  14. 75 FR 7536 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Aztec Pantheon and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Aztec Pantheon and the Art... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Aztec Pantheon and the Art...

  15. 76 FR 39974 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Warhol: The Headlines”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-07

    ..., from on or about September 25, 2011, until on or about January 2, 2012, at The Andy Warhol Museum... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Warhol: The Headlines'' SUMMARY..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Warhol: The...

  16. 76 FR 49832 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Warhol: The Headlines”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-11

    ... about January 2, 2012, at The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, from on or about October 14... Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Warhol: The Headlines'' ACTION..., ``Warhol: The Headlines.'' The referenced notice is corrected to add one additional object to be...

  17. 77 FR 38881 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Regarding Warhol: Sixty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ...; then at the Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania from on or about February 2, 2013 to on or... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Regarding Warhol: Sixty Artists..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Regarding Warhol:...

  18. 77 FR 34455 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Century of the Child...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-11

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Century of the Child: Growing by..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Century of the Child... Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, from on or about July 29, 2012, until on or about November 5,...

  19. 75 FR 7536 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Hendrick Avercamp (1585...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Hendrick Avercamp (1585-1634): The... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Hendrick Avercamp (1585-1634): The...

  20. 76 FR 81004 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Woman in Blue, Against...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Woman in Blue, Against Blue Water..., 2003), I hereby determine that the object ``Woman in Blue, Against Blue Water'' by Edvard...

  1. 78 FR 26682 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Hall of Ancient Egypt”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Hall of Ancient Egypt'' AGENCY... pertaining to the exhibition ``Hall of Ancient Egypt.'' The referenced notice is corrected here to include... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the additional objects to be included in the exhibition...

  2. 75 FR 13806 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Loan From the Aura...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Loan From the Aura Collection of a... hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Loan from the Aura Collection of...

  3. 77 FR 7229 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Nomads and Networks: The...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Nomads and Networks: The Ancient Art... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Nomads...

  4. 77 FR 37730 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Nomads and Networks: The...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Nomads and Networks: The Ancient Art... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Nomads...

  5. 78 FR 50137 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Chagall: Love, War, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Chagall: Love, War, and Exile... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Chagall: Love, War, and Exile,'' imported from...

  6. 77 FR 48582 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: Terracotta Bell-Krater...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: Terracotta Bell-Krater Attributed to..., 2003), I hereby determine that the object Terracotta Bell-Krater attributed to the Altamura...

  7. 78 FR 5556 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Frida & Diego: Passion...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Frida & Diego: Passion, Politics and..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Frida & Diego: Passion...

  8. 78 FR 60994 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “In Grand Style...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``In Grand Style: Celebrations in... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``In Grand...

  9. 75 FR 1680 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Roman Art”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-12

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Roman Art'' SUMMARY: Notice is... included in the exhibition ``Roman Art,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United... the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, from on or about January 2010 until on or about...

  10. 76 FR 28121 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “National Geographic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``National Geographic Treasures of the... ``National Geographic Treasures of the Earth'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the...), is in the national interest. The Museum understands that immediately after the last day of the...

  11. 78 FR 24288 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera, and... included in the exhibition ``Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera, and Masterpieces of Modern Mexico: The Jacques and...

  12. 77 FR 64373 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-19

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times,'' Formerly Titled ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times... the exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times.'' The referenced notice...

  13. 78 FR 24462 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-25

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times'' Formerly Titled ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times... the exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times.'' The referenced notice...

  14. 78 FR 62354 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-18

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times'' Formerly Titled ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times'' ACTION... exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times.'' The referenced notice was corrected...

  15. 78 FR 16565 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Dead Sea Scrolls...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-15

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times'' Formerly Titled ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times'' ACTION... exhibition ``The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Biblical Times.'' The referenced notice was corrected...

  16. 77 FR 22833 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Edouard Vuillard: A...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-17

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Edouard Vuillard: A Painter and His... pertaining to the exhibit ``Edouard Vuillard: A Painter and His Muses, 1890-1940.'' The reference notice is... exhibition ``Edouard Vuillard: A Painter and His Muses, 1890-1940,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  17. 77 FR 48198 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Faking It: Manipulated...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-13

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Faking It: Manipulated Photography... Photography Before Photoshop,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of... of Art, New York, New York, from on or about October 11, 2012, until on or about January 27,...

  18. 77 FR 2340 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Snapshot: Painters and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-17

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Snapshot: Painters and Photography... Photography, Bonnard to Vuillard'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are... Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianpolis, IN, from on or about June 8, 2012, until on or about September 2,...

  19. 77 FR 12103 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Colorful Realm: Japanese...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Colorful Realm: Japanese Bird-and... exhibition ``Colorful Realm: Japanese Bird-and-Flower Paintings by It Jakuch (1716-1800),'' imported...

  20. 76 FR 5236 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Pastel Portraits: Images...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Pastel Portraits: Images of 18th... ``Pastel Portraits: Images of 18th-Century Europe,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  1. 76 FR 60112 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Byzantium and Islam: Age...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Byzantium and Islam: Age of... Islam: Age of Transition (7th-9th Century),'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  2. 77 FR 4858 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Byzantium and Islam: Age...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-31

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Byzantium and Islam: Age of... determinations made by ] the Department of State pertaining to the exhibition ``Byzantium and Islam: Age of... Islam: Age of Transition (7th-9th Century),'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  3. 78 FR 11725 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Claes Oldenburg: The...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Claes Oldenburg: The Street and The... Street and The Store,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of... Art, New York, New York, from on or about April 14, 2013, until on or about August 5, 2013, the Walker...

  4. 78 FR 11264 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Cyrus Cylinder in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Cyrus Cylinder in Ancient Persia... Ancient Persia: A New Beginning,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States...

  5. 75 FR 43225 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Man, Myth, and Sensual...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-23

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, and Delegation of Authority No. 236-3 of August 28, 2000, I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Man, Myth, and Sensual Pleasures: Jan Gossart's Renaissance,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of cultural significance. The objects are imported pursuant to loan agreements with the foreign owners or custodians. I also determine that the exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, from on or about October 5, 2010, until on or about January 17, 2011, and at possible additional exhibitions or venues yet to be determined, is in the national interest. Public Notice of these Determinations is ordered to be published in the Federal Register.

  6. 75 FR 27383 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “A Gift From the Desert...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-14

    ... Desert: The Art, History and Culture of the Arabian Horse,'' imported from abroad for temporary... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``A Gift From the Desert: The Art, History and Culture of the Arabian Horse'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following...

  7. 78 FR 4585 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Albrecht Dürer: Master...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Albrecht D rer: Master Drawings...: Master Drawings, Watercolors, and Prints from the Albertina,'' imported from abroad for...

  8. 76 FR 45646 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “5,000 Years of Chinese...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``5,000 Years of Chinese Jade..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``5,000 Years of...

  9. 78 FR 77771 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Love and Play: A Pair of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Love and Play: A Pair of Paintings by..., I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Love and Play: A Pair...

  10. 77 FR 319 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Put Your Freedom in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Put Your Freedom in the Corner, Save... of Authority No. 257 of April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the object ``Put Your Freedom in...

  11. 75 FR 6249 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Fiery Pool: The Maya and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Fiery Pool: The Maya and the Mythic... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Fiery Pool: The Maya and the...

  12. 77 FR 25226 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Wealth of a Nation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    ... Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Wealth of a Nation: British... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``The Wealth of a Nation: British Silver from the Museum's Collection,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  13. 75 FR 13805 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Race to the End of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-23

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Race to the End of the Earth..., the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note... that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Race to the End of the Earth,'' imported from...

  14. 75 FR 28095 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “E Ku Ana Ka Paia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``E Ku Ana Ka Paia: Unification... 15, 2003 , I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``E Ku Ana Ka...

  15. 77 FR 64373 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Erotic Gold: The Art and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Erotic Gold: The Art and Life of... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Erotic Gold: The...

  16. 75 FR 38589 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Origins of Writing in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Origins of Writing in the... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The Origins of Writing in...

  17. 78 FR 58378 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Peru: Kingdoms of the Sun...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Peru: Kingdoms of the Sun and the..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Peru: Kingdoms of the...

  18. Public Nordic Cultural Policy - Historical preconditions, overriding objectives, significant developments, recent challenges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duelund, Peter

    2017-01-01

    policies in Norden also differ mutual in many aspects. The survey introduces and discusses major common public cultural policy elements in the five Nordic national states (Denmark, Island, Norway, Sweden and Finland), the autonomous and semi autonomous small nations (Greenland, The Faeroe Islands......Public Nordic cultural policy have, especially since the 1960s, in large part been characterised by convergence regarding major elements. In addition the Nordic countries, like other European national states are today confronted with and affected by fundamental late-modern processes: Globalisation......, migration, economic instrumentalisation, political colonisation, questions of the freedom of speech, issues on national identity vs. cosmopolitanism etc. By these and other reasons it is reasonable to speak of a pan-Nordic cultural policy model in 2016, while still highlighting the fact, that cultural...

  19. 76 FR 51458 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Wonder of the Age: Master...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Wonder of the Age: Master Painters... Age: Master Painters of India, 1100-1900,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  20. 75 FR 41274 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Art of Ancient Greek...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``The Art of Ancient Greek Theater... Ancient Greek Theater,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of...

  1. 76 FR 73759 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Ancient Egypt-Art and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Ancient Egypt--Art and Magic: Treasures From the Foundation Gandur pour L'Art, Geneva, Switzerland'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of... included in the exhibition ``Ancient Egypt--Art and Magic: Treasures from the Foundation Gandur pour...

  2. 78 FR 48216 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Balthus: Cats and Girls...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-07

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Balthus: Cats and Girls--Paintings and Provocations'' SUMMARY: Notice..., I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Balthus: Cats and...

  3. 77 FR 56698 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Opera Nobile...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Opera Nobile: Masterpieces From Ancient Italy'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Opera Nobile: Masterpieces from Ancient Italy,'' imported...

  4. 75 FR 53731 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Contemporary Argentine...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Contemporary Argentine Masterworks'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Contemporary Argentine...

  5. 76 FR 63701 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Diego Rivera: Murals for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Diego Rivera: Murals for the Museum of Modern Art'' SUMMARY... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Diego Rivera: Murals for The Museum of Modern Art,'' imported...

  6. 78 FR 39435 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Magritte: The Mystery of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    ... Exhibition; Determinations: ``Magritte: The Mystery of the Ordinary, 1926-1938'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Magritte: The Mystery of the Ordinary, 1926-1928,'' imported...

  7. 76 FR 63701 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Anglo-Saxon Hoard: Gold...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Anglo-Saxon Hoard: Gold From England's Dark Ages'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Anglo-Saxon Hoard: Gold From England's Dark Ages,'' imported...

  8. 77 FR 56697 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The English Prize: The...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``The English Prize: The Capture of the Westmorland, an Episode of the..., 2003), I hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``The English Prize:...

  9. 75 FR 82128 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vishnu: Hinduism's Blue...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Vishnu: Hinduism's Blue-Skinned Savior'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Vishnu: Hinduism's Blue-Skinned...

  10. 75 FR 22172 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vatican Splendors”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... objects at the Missouri History Museum, Saint Louis, Missouri, from on or about May 15, 2010, until on or about September 12, 2010, the Senator John Heinz History Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, from on or about October 2, 2010, until on or about January 9, 2011, the Museum of Art, Nova...

  11. 75 FR 71787 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Salvator Rosa: Bandits...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... and Magic'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority... ``Salvator Rosa: Bandits, Wilderness and Magic'', imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the... objects at the Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, TX, from on or about December 12, 2010, until on or...

  12. 77 FR 51606 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Extravagant Inventions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    ... Furniture of the Roentgens,'' Formerly Titled ``Seductive Luxury and Innovation: The Furniture of Abraham... State pertaining to the exhibition ``Seductive Luxury and Innovation: The Furniture of Abraham and David... additional exhibit objects at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, from on or about October 29,...

  13. 76 FR 1660 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Reconfiguring an African...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... to the Mask by Modern and Contemporary Artists From Three Continents'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby... to the Mask by Modern and Contemporary Artists from Three Continents,'' imported from abroad for... display of the exhibit objects at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, from on or about March 8...

  14. 75 FR 53730 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Richard Hawkins-Third Mind”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Richard Hawkins--Third Mind'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Richard Hawkins--Third Mind,'' imported...

  15. 75 FR 53013 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Pre-Raphaelite Lens...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-30

    ... Photography and Painting, 1848-1875'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations... the exhibition ``The Pre-Raphaelite Lens: British Photography and Painting, 1848-1875,'' imported from... exhibition or display of the exhibit objects at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, from on or...

  16. Object caching in corvids: incidence and significance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Ivo F; Osvath, Mathias; Osvath, Helena; Mioduszewska, Berenika; von Bayern, Auguste M P; Kacelnik, Alex

    2014-02-01

    Food caching is a paramount model for studying relations between cognition, brain organisation and ecology in corvids. In contrast, behaviour towards inedible objects is poorly examined and understood. We review the literature on object caching in corvids and other birds, and describe an exploratory study on object caching in ravens, New Caledonian crows and jackdaws. The captive adult birds were presented with an identical set of novel objects adjacent to food. All three species cached objects, which shows the behaviour not to be restricted to juveniles, food cachers, tool-users or individuals deprived of cacheable food. The pattern of object interaction and caching did not mirror the incidence of food caching: the intensely food caching ravens indeed showed highest object caching incidence, but the rarely food caching jackdaws cached objects to similar extent as the moderate food caching New Caledonian crows. Ravens and jackdaws preferred objects with greater sphericity, but New Caledonian crows preferred stick-like objects (similar to tools). We suggest that the observed object caching might have been expressions of exploration or play, and deserves being studied in its own right because of its potential significance for tool-related behaviour and learning, rather than as an over-spill from food-caching research. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: CO3 2013. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Documentation of Cultural Heritage Objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jon Grobovšek

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available EXTENDED ABSTRACT:The first and important phase of documentation of cultural heritage objects is to understand which objects need to be documented. The entire documentation process is determined by the characteristics and scope of the cultural heritage object. The next question to be considered is the expected outcome of the documentation process and the purpose for which it will be used. These two essential guidelines determine each stage of the documentation workflow: the choice of the most appropriate data capturing technology and data processing method, how detailed should the documentation be, what problems may occur, what the expected outcome is, what it will be used for, and the plan for storing data and results. Cultural heritage objects require diverse data capturing and data processing methods. It is important that even the first stages of raw data capturing are oriented towards the applicability of results. The selection of the appropriate working method can facilitate the data processing and the preparation of final documentation. Documentation of paintings requires different data capturing method than documentation of buildings or building areas. The purpose of documentation can also be the preservation of the contemporary cultural heritage to posterity or the basis for future projects and activities on threatened objects. Documentation procedures should be adapted to our needs and capabilities. Captured and unprocessed data are lost unless accompanied by additional analyses and interpretations. Information on tools, procedures and outcomes must be included into documentation. A thorough analysis of unprocessed but accessible documentation, if adequately stored and accompanied by additional information, enables us to gather useful data. In this way it is possible to upgrade the existing documentation and to avoid data duplication or unintentional misleading of users. The documentation should be archived safely and in a way to meet

  18. Bridging User Requirements and Cultural Objects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hadzilias, Elias; Carugati, Andrea

    2009-01-01

    This chapter aims at defining a framework for the design of e-Government services on cultural heritage. Starting from an analysis of three cases on digitisation of different types of cultural objects the author highlights the problems existing in the creation of e-services on cultural heritage....... These cases show the existence of four key issues in the development of this kind of information systems: digitisation, requirements engineering, standardisation and interoperability. The proposed framework addresses these issues focusing on the user requirements and the cultural object representation...

  19. Evaluative meaning and its cultural significance

    OpenAIRE

    Drazdauskiene, Maria Liudvika

    2008-01-01

    In the framework of traditional descriptive semantics, evaluative meaning is defined as an aspect of affective meaning. By virtue of its general positive and negative evaluation, evaluative meaning finds its place in the compartment of interpersonal meaning in functional linguistics. The concept of evaluative meaning is also in agreement with the categorisation of meaning in contemporary stylistics. Having stated its spread and disagreement with logic, the cultural significance of...

  20. Significant differences in cross cultural negotiations

    OpenAIRE

    Luminita Vochita

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyses the importance of different factors that influences cross cultural negotiations. Learning about the components of a cross cultural negotiation process to increase negotiators’ success in avoiding barriers and failures in the international business arena is one of the most challenging achievements of the negotiators in the global environment. In the second part, the paper focuses on the one of the most important componenet of cross cultural business negotiations: difference...

  1. Objective and character of safety culture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aastrand, K. [Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Helsinki (Finland)

    2005-07-01

    The main topics of the lecture include: (1) concepts of safety culture introduced in INSAG-4, (2) stages of development of safety culture, (3) general practises to develop organizational effectiveness as a means of implementing and improving safety culture, (4) specific practises to develop safety culture applying to all stages of a nuclear installation's life cycle, (5) suggestions on assessing the progress of development of safety culture in an organization and on evaluating the influence of major environmental and internal organizational factors on that culture, and (6) guidance on the detection of incipient weaknesses in safety culture that may be of particular interest to regulators and those responsible for self-assessment in organization.

  2. Development of renewable energy in China:significance & strategic objectives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Du Xiangwan; Huang Qili; Li Junfeng

    2009-01-01

    Based on CAE's research report, this paper illustrates the background and purposes of the development strat-egy research of renewable energy in China, emphasizes the significance of developing renewable energy in China, gives the strategic positions and development objectives of renewable energy in China in the first half of 21st century and con-tributes to green house gas emissions reduction and environmental protection in China.

  3. Object Recognition and Object Segregation in Infancy: Historical Perspective, Theoretical Significance, "Kinds" of Knowledge, and Relation to Object Categorization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Paul C.; Bhatt, Ramesh S.

    2001-01-01

    Reflects on Needham's findings on infants' object recognition and segregation. Examines the role for perceptual bias in explaining infant performance, places Needham's studies in historical perspective, and assesses their theoretical significance. Discusses the merits of positing different kinds of information sources for object segregation, and…

  4. 43 CFR 10.7 - Disposition of unclaimed human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, or objects of cultural...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disposition of unclaimed human remains... REGULATIONS Human Remains, Funerary Objects, Sacred Objects, or Objects of Cultural Patrimony From Federal or Tribal Lands § 10.7 Disposition of unclaimed human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, or objects...

  5. Cultural objects as objects: materiality, urban space, and the interpretation of AIDS campaigns in Accra, Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonnell, Terence E

    2010-05-01

    AIDS media lead unexpected lives once distributed through urban space: billboards fade, posters go missing, bumper stickers travel to other cities. The materiality of AIDS campaign objects and of the urban settings in which they are displayed structures how the public interprets their messages. Ethnographic observation of AIDS media in situ and interview data reveal how the materiality of objects and places shapes the availability of AIDS knowledge in Accra, Ghana. Significantly for AIDS organizations, these material conditions often systematically obstruct access to AIDS knowledge for particular groups. Attending to materiality rethinks how scholars assess the cultural power of media.

  6. Presencing Culture: Ethnology Museums, Objects, and Spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudelli, William; Mungur, Amy

    2014-01-01

    Ethnology museums are pedagogical. As educators attempting to make sense of how museums teach about the world, the authors of this article are especially interested in how ethnology museums curate otherness through objects, texts, and spaces, and how these combine to present a narrative of others. Ellsworth has referred to this as the…

  7. 76 FR 52378 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-22

    ... Featuring Selections From the National Museum of History, Taiwan and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery... Jade Featuring Selections from the National Museum of History, Taiwan and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery... Art, San Antonio, TX, from on or about October 1, 2011, until on or about February 19, 2012, and...

  8. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE IN CROSS-CULTURAL COMMUNICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jadranka Zlomislić

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to explore the influence of education and additional factors influencing students’ awareness of intercultural differences. For the purposes of this research assessment was carried out with regard to their role in promoting cultural awareness and facing cross-cultural challenges posed by unfamiliar cross-cultural contexts. Cultural education is presumed to be a key factor for achieving a significant increase of cultural sensitivity and cultural awareness in order to ensure successful cross-cultural communication and increase mobility of students/working professionals. For this study, it was assumed that the cultural awareness of students increases due to the courses they take and their overall study experience. A special questionnaire was developed for the purposes of this research, and the obtained results were statistically analyzed with the help of descriptive statistics, the non-parametric chi-square test, and the Mann-Whitney test. The research has shown that intercultural competence has a statistically significant positive effect on the readiness of students to participate in study and work programs abroad. Thus, it is mandatory that foreign language competence as well as intercultural competence be a priority of the curriculum if we are to increase the number of highly educated experts who will be capable to compete successfully as students or professionals in all fields and all cultural areas. If we recognize that globalization has made the world a global village, we all need the intercultural competence to successfully live in it.

  9. Cultural Preferences to Color Quality of Illumination of Different Objects

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Anqing; Žukauskas, Artūras; Vaicekauskas, Rimantas; Vitta, Prančiskas; Shur, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The preferences to color quality of illumination were investigated for American and Chinese subjects using a solid-state source of white light with the continuously tunable color saturation ability and correlated color temperature of quadrichromatic blends. Subjects were asked to identify both most natural and preferred blends. For very familiar objects, cultural differences did not affect the average of the selected blends. For less familiar objects (various paintings), cultural differences in the average selected blends depended on the level of the familiarity of the content. An unfamiliar painting also showed preferences to color temperature being dependent on the cultural background. In all cases, the American subjects exhibited noticeably wider distributions.

  10. The significance of cultural differences overcome in acquisition processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đorđević Slaviša

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Besides the high merger failure rate, different types of corporation restructuring are still one of the most popular ways to realize particular strategic goals, as well as the identified and anticipated synergy effects. In this article we tried to point at the significance that might have cultural integration on the final derived transactions of two entities or new culture development in acquisition processes.

  11. Clinical significance of Bacillus species isolated from blood cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, D J; Saviteer, S M; Rutala, W A; Thomann, C A

    1989-06-01

    To determine the clinical significance of blood isolates of Bacillus, we reviewed all blood cultures obtained at North Carolina Memorial Hospital between 1981 and 1985. Over the five-year study period the number of patients (incidence per 10,000 hospital admissions) from whom Bacillus was isolated increased from 4.97 in 1981 to 12.5 in 1985. The incidence per 1,000 blood cultures also increased from 1.12 in 1981 to 2.33 in 1985. Review of the medical records of 78 of the 95 patients (82%) with positive cultures allowed retrospective classification of five isolates (6.4%) as clinically significant, 33 isolates (42.3%) as possibly significant, and 40 isolates (51.3%) as nonsignificant. Underlying diseases in patients with clinically significant Bacillus bacteremia included burn trauma in two, leukemia in one, carcinoma in one, and gastrointestinal hemorrhage in one. All isolates judged to be clinically significant and the majority of possibly significant isolates were B cereus. We conclude that the isolation of Bacillus species from blood cultures is clinically significant in 5% to 10% of cases, that the incidence of Bacillus bacteremia is increasing, and that burn trauma should be added to the list of conditions known to predispose to clinically significant Bacillus bacteremia.

  12. Restabilizing attachment to cultural objects. Aesthetics, emotions and biography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benzecry, Claudio E

    2015-12-01

    The scholarship on aesthetics and materiality has studied how objects help shape identity, social action and subjectivity. Objects, as 'equipment[s] for living' (Luhmann 2000), become the 'obligatory passage points humans have to contend with in order to pursue their projects (Latour 1991). They provide patterns to which bodies can unconsciously latch onto, or help human agents work towards particular states of being (DeNora 2000, 2003). Objects are central in the long term process of taste construction, as any attachment to an object is made out of a delicate equilibrium of mediators, bodies, situations and techniques (Hennion and his collaborators (Hennion and Fouquet 2001; Hennion and Gomart 1999). In all of these accounts objects are the end result of long-term processes of stabilization, in which the actual material object (a musical piece, a sculpture, an art installation, a glass of wine, the oeuvre of Bach as we know it) is both a result and yet a key co-producer of its own generation. Whereas the literature has been generous and detailed in exploring the processes of assembling and sustaining object-centered attachments, it has not sufficiently engaged with what happens when the aesthetic elements of cultural artifacts that have produced emotional resonance are transformed: what do these artifacts morph into? What explains the transition (or not) of different cultural objects? And relatedly, what happens to the key aesthetic qualities that were so central to how the objects had been defined, and to those who have emotionally attached to them? To answer these questions, this article uses as exemplars two different cases of attachment, predicated on the distinctive features of a cultural object--the transcendence of opera and the authenticity of a soccer jersey--that have undergone transformations.

  13. Materializing Mind: The Role of Objects in Cognition and Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tylén, Kristian; McGraw, John J.

    2014-01-01

    experimentation, (4) to enable the division of cognitive labor, (5) to promote confidence and trust, (6) to consolidate social structure, and (7) to support dialogical coupling. We conclude that through cultural practices the stable, “manipulable”, and public properties of objects have come to afford...

  14. Objectivity in journalistic cultures of Spain and Switzerland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín Oller Alonso

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we study the idea of objectivity of journalists within the journalistic cultures of Spain and Switzerland. To understanding this idea within the professional context we use the concept of journalistic culture that is based on the thin line between national culture and the universal concept of culture as a lifestyle. The first part of our empirical study is based on the international project Worlds of Journalism (WoJ, a quantitative study directed by Hanitzsch (2009. Secondly we present the qualitative study based on interviews of 39 journalists from different spanish and swiss media (press, radio and television. The objectives are to understand the journalists´ perceptions of objectivity in their professional work. Their ideas of objectivity help us to understand certain values and traditions in these countries. The results of the interviews (qualitative study confirm what has been noted in the survey (quantitative study. However, we can see important aspects associated with interventionism that emphasises the results of the quantitative study.

  15. Materializing Mind: The Role of Objects in Cognition and Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tylén, Kristian; McGraw, John J.

    2014-01-01

    experimentation, (4) to enable the division of cognitive labor, (5) to promote confidence and trust, (6) to consolidate social structure, and (7) to support dialogical coupling. We conclude that through cultural practices the stable, “manipulable”, and public properties of objects have come to afford...

  16. [Clinical significance of positive sputum culture for filamentous fungi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Xiao-Chun; Liu, Zheng-Yin; Xu, Ying-Chun; Wang, Ai-Xia

    2010-01-26

    To investigate the clinical significance of positive sputum culture for filamentous fungi. The medical data of 140 patients positive for filamentous fungi in sputum culture at Peking Union Medical College Hospital were reviewed retrospectively. Based on the diagnostic criteria by European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Mycoses Study Group, invasive pulmonary fungal infection (IPFI) was diagnosed. The clinical characteristics of cases with and without IPFI were analyzed respectively. Among all 140 cases positive for filamentous fungi in sputum culture, only 22 cases could be diagnosed as IPFI. Two of 22 IPFI cases were confirmed by post-operative pathology, 1 case was confirmed by positive blood culture for filamentous fungi and the remaining 19 cases were diagnosed clinically according to the nature of hosts, characteristics of pulmonary infections and microbiological evidence (positive sputum culture for filamentous fungi, 2 - 5 times for each case). Most of etiological fungi in IPFI patients belonged to Aspergillus. And the identity of isolated fungal strain was mostly one strain for each patient. In IPFI group, patients who had been treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics (100%), steroids (13, 59.1%) or immunosuppressant (7, 31.8%) or who had pulmonary X-ray imaging changes (100%), primary diseases (21, 95.5%), hypoalbuminemia (18, 81.8%) or hemoptysis (10, 45.5%), were significantly more than those in non-IPFI group (66.9%, 34.7%, 18.6%, 79.7%, 72.0%, 45.8% and 4.2% respectively; P filamentous fungi are associated with the times of positive culture, the number and species of isolated fungal strains. Meanwhile it is important to determine whether there is IPFI according to the nature and clinical characteristics of patients.

  17. Culture shapes eye movements for visually homogeneous objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David J Kelly

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Culture affects the way people move their eyes to extract information in their visual world. Adults from Eastern societies (e.g., China display a disposition to process information holistically, whereas individuals from Western societies (e.g., Britain process information analytically. In terms of face processing, adults from Western cultures typically fixate the eyes and mouth, while adults from Eastern cultures fixate centrally on the nose region, yet face recognition accuracy is comparable across populations. A potential explanation for the observed differences relates to social norms concerning eye gaze avoidance/engagement when interacting with conspecifics. Furthermore, it has been argued that faces represent a ‘special’ stimulus category and are processed holistically, with the whole face processed as a single unit. The extent to which the holistic eye movement strategy deployed by East Asian observers is related to holistic processing for faces is undetermined. To investigate these hypotheses, we recorded eye movements of adults from Western and Eastern cultural backgrounds while learning and recognizing visually homogeneous objects: human faces, sheep faces and greebles. Both group of observers recognized faces better than any other visual category, as predicted by the specificity of faces. However, East Asian participants deployed central fixations across all the visual categories. This cultural perceptual strategy was not specific to faces, discarding any parallel between the eye movements of Easterners with the holistic processing specific to faces. Cultural diversity in the eye movements used to extract information from visual homogenous objects is rooted in more general and fundamental mechanisms.

  18. Analytical techniques applied to study cultural heritage objects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rizzutto, M.A.; Curado, J.F.; Bernardes, S.; Campos, P.H.O.V.; Kajiya, E.A.M.; Silva, T.F.; Rodrigues, C.L.; Moro, M.; Tabacniks, M.; Added, N., E-mail: rizzutto@if.usp.br [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Instituto de Fisica

    2015-07-01

    The scientific study of artistic and cultural heritage objects have been routinely performed in Europe and the United States for decades. In Brazil this research area is growing, mainly through the use of physical and chemical characterization methods. Since 2003 the Group of Applied Physics with Particle Accelerators of the Physics Institute of the University of Sao Paulo (GFAA-IF) has been working with various methodologies for material characterization and analysis of cultural objects. Initially using ion beam analysis performed with Particle Induced X-Ray Emission (PIXE), Rutherford Backscattering (RBS) and recently Ion Beam Induced Luminescence (IBIL), for the determination of the elements and chemical compounds in the surface layers. These techniques are widely used in the Laboratory of Materials Analysis with Ion Beams (LAMFI-USP). Recently, the GFAA expanded the studies to other possibilities of analysis enabled by imaging techniques that coupled with elemental and compositional characterization provide a better understanding on the materials and techniques used in the creative process in the manufacture of objects. The imaging analysis, mainly used to examine and document artistic and cultural heritage objects, are performed through images with visible light, infrared reflectography (IR), fluorescence with ultraviolet radiation (UV), tangential light and digital radiography. Expanding more the possibilities of analysis, new capabilities were added using portable equipment such as Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (ED-XRF) and Raman Spectroscopy that can be used for analysis 'in situ' at the museums. The results of these analyzes are providing valuable information on the manufacturing process and have provided new information on objects of different University of Sao Paulo museums. Improving the arsenal of cultural heritage analysis it was recently constructed an 3D robotic stage for the precise positioning of samples in the external beam setup

  19. Racin and the Significance of a National Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelina Banovic-Markovska

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In the text RACIN and the Significance of a National Culture I’ll speak further on Racin’s publications, namely, his political reflections, which apart from their notable social dimension also possess an explicitly national and moral dimension. Along those lines, I’ll see to a contextualization of the same, in the span of seventy years, as the world order had undergone momentous changes, not only in terms of political and ideological shifts, but rather through a change in the class-based and race-bound paradigms.This, in turn, allows me to draw a parallel between our Kosta Racin, a progressive people’s thinker, a revolutionary and a socialist, a poet and a journalist stemming from the realm of the old Yugoslavia, on the one hand, and the Franco-based existential humanist, the psychiatrist Frantz Fanon, the progenitor of the anticolonial movement in the countries of the Third World, on the other. Even though the parallel between Racin and Fanon may seem a bit far-fetched, the fact remains that both were involved with socially-centered,nationally-bound and revolutionary-focused questions, thus emphasizing, first and foremost, the significance of a national culture amidst the conditions of political, economic and spiritual enslavement.As proponents of socialist ideas and Marxist ideology, as revolutionaries and fighters for national and human rights who had experienced the turmoil of war, both men exhibited a higher consciousness when it came to matters related to the state of the national culture with the enslaved colonized peoples, with one difference in mind, namely, that in the case of Racin, the emphasis was placed on the class-related national aspect, whereas with Fanon, the emphasis was placed on the race-related national aspect.

  20. Oggetti Spaesati, Unhomely Belongings: Objects, Migrations and Cultural Apocalypses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilaria Vanni

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses first person memories in relation to objects as documented in Belongings, an online exhibition curated through the NSW Migration Heritage Centre. It explores the role of objects in recreating domestic geographies in the process of migration, using the Italian anthropologist Ernesto De Martino’s notion of  ‘crisis of presence’ as the moment when familiar objects become unfamiliar or uncanny by losing their relation with the web of domestic uses, habits, sense of belonging, and cultural memories. In this crisis, objects acquire new layers of meaning entangled in the loss and re-creation of entire life-worlds, relational universes, senses of place, ‘homes’. Taking Belongings as its case study, this article argues that objects enable the telling and performance of displacement from one place and regrounding in another one as a continuum of affective, embodied and political experiences that question the separation between being at home and being a migrant.

  1. Objective Assessments of Temperature Maintenance Using In Vitro Culture Techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Cooke, Simon; Tyler, John P. P.; Driscoll, Geoff

    2002-01-01

    Purpose: To assess the ability of various facets of embryo culture (microscope stage warmers, volumes of culture media, culture vessel lids, and type of culture incubator) to maintain a constant temperature in vitro.

  2. Urine Culture in Uncomplicated UTI: Interpretation and Significance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stapleton, Ann E

    2016-05-01

    Acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common clinical problem, accounting for millions of outpatient visits in the USA annually. Although routinely obtaining urine cultures in UTI is not recommended, there are circumstances in which obtaining a pre-therapy culture may be warranted or chosen by clinicians, such as when indicated by the need for careful antimicrobial stewardship. This review focuses on understanding reasons for obtaining a pre-therapy culture, methods of collection, and appropriately interpreting urine culture data.

  3. Cultural distance, innovation and export performance : An examination of perceived and objective cultural distance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Azar, Goudarz; Drogendijk, Rian

    2016-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to examine the relationship between cultural distance (both perceived and objective), innovation and firm export performance. Design/methodology/approach – Hypotheses were tested here by structural equation modeling using data from 186 export ventures into 23 international

  4. Parent socialization effects in different cultures: significance of directive parenting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorkhabi, Nadia

    2012-06-01

    In this article, the controversy of divergent findings in research on parental socialization effects in different cultures is addressed. Three explanations intended to address divergent findings of socialization effects in different cultures, as advanced by researchers who emphasize cultural differences, are discussed. These include cultural differences in socialization values and goals of parents, parental emotional and cognitive characteristics associated with parenting styles, and adolescents' interpretations or evaluations of their parents' parenting styles. The empirical evidence for and against each of these arguments is examined and an alternative paradigm for understanding and empirical study of developmental outcomes associated with parenting styles in different cultures is suggested. Baumrind's directive parenting style is presented as an alternative to the authoritarian parenting style in understanding the positive developmental effects associated with "strict" parenting in cultures said to have a collectivist orientation. Directions for research on the three explanations are mentioned.

  5. The Significance of Introducing Culture in EFL Instruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noor Malihah

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available EFL students many times made mistakes in using the English expressions and led to misinterpretations or even acceptable message of their utterances. This is due to their lack of cultural awareness or their understanding towards L2 culture. Therefore, EFL teachers should think of how to give position to the L1 and L2 culture in their teaching and learning process of EFL instructions.To solve the problems, there are some approaches used to introduce the target language culture, by knowing the obstacles that the learners frequently made.

  6. Ownership and care in culturally significant architecture: Three case ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Figure 2: The medieval castle and cathedral surrounded by timber structure dwellings. Source: .... concepts of building culture and building material; it is also about .... Steinkopf was well established with a church, a small school and some.

  7. A Proposed Model for Assessing Organisational Culture Towards Achieving Business Objectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafez Salleh

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Most of the traditional business performances measures are based on productivity and process criteria, which mainly focus on method of investment appraisal such as payback method, return on investment (ROI, cost-benefits analysis (CBA, net present value (NPV, internal rate of return (IRR. However, the measurement scales of business performance are not limited to those measures. One element that has strong correlation to the business performances is ‘organisational culture’. Many studies proved that one of the significant criteria for achieving desired business objectives is the right organisational culture within workplace. Basically, the measurement of organisational culture is reflecting on two distinct elements: organisational culture and business objectives. In broader perspective, an organisation is considered effective if it meets its business objectives. This paper aims to present and discuss the preliminary culture model to indicate the culture performance within organisational. The model has been developed through literature review, expert opinion and experience which is anticipated of being able to potentially measure the culture capability of organisations across industries to “successfully achieve business objectives”. The model is composed of six progressive stages of maturity that an organisation can achieve its culture performance. For each maturity stage, the model describes a set of characteristics that must be in place for the company to achieve each stage. The validity of the proposed model will be tested by a few case studies. The idea is to provide managers with a qualitative measurement tools to enable them to identify where culture improvements are required within their organisations and to indicate their readiness for achieving business objectives.

  8. Religious culture and health promotion: care, practice, object

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viola Timm

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available At the margins of modern medical practice, pushing the very limits of science, and indefatigably rendering the precincts of public discourse, still functional remnants of Christian civilization continue to provide care for the hopeless, perform healing sacraments for the incurable, and curate objects of votive devotion for the suffering and needy. These public services go largely unaccounted for, though they secure an ordered world, structure perception, and serve as ontological anchors. Lost in the vague, scientifically unrarified notions of spirituality that brace a general, undifferentiated worldwide metaphysical experience and disregard immense cultural, functional, geographic and performative distinctness, Catholic sacramental practices aimed at alleviating suffering and promoting healthy lifestyles are receiving only marginal mention in scientific literature(1, despite the fact that they make up daily reality in large parts of contemporary Europe and Latin America. Writing this editorial from the Northeast of Brazil, where traditional religious practice has sustained generations through the calamities of severe droughts, slavery, extreme poverty, high child mortality, failed political orders, and a harsh global economic reality, it is difficult to underestimate the power of sacramental experience to sustain a cultural identity. It was defined the concept of care of the sick in the context of the religious experience of the Northeast of Brazil which is historically relevant to health promotion. Until the emergence of national health care in the late nineteenth century, it was largely the order of the Franciscan friars that was charged with promoting healthy lives in the region. The Catholic concept of care that guided their efforts structures three procedural reality principles: the psychological reality of the transference to the person in one’s charge (care/caritas, the performative practice of religious sacrament such as the anointment

  9. Localization of significant 3D objects in 2D images for generic vision tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokhtari, Marielle; Bergevin, Robert

    1995-10-01

    Computer vision experiments are not very often linked to practical applications but rather deal with typical laboratory experiments under controlled conditions. For instance, most object recognition experiments are based on specific models used under limitative constraints. Our work proposes a general framework for rapidly locating significant 3D objects in 2D static images of medium to high complexity, as a prerequisite step to recognition and interpretation when no a priori knowledge of the contents of the scene is assumed. In this paper, a definition of generic objects is proposed, covering the structures that are implied in the image. Under this framework, it must be possible to locate generic objects and assign a significance figure to each one from any image fed to the system. The most significant structure in a given image becomes the focus of interest of the system determining subsequent tasks (like subsequent robot moves, image acquisitions and processing). A survey of existing strategies for locating 3D objects in 2D images is first presented and our approach is defined relative to these strategies. Perceptual grouping paradigms leading to the structural organization of the components of an image are at the core of our approach.

  10. Creative display of museum objects within their cultural context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shuo; Osanlou, Ardieshir; Excell, Peter

    2014-02-01

    Most existing holographic display methods concentrate on real object reconstruction, but there is a lack of research on object stories (revealing and presenting histories). To address this challenge, we propose a method, called 4 `ER' (leader, manager, implementer, presenter) to experience and respond objects in a special immersive environment. The key innovation of the 4'ER' method is to introduce the stories (political, historical, etc.) into hard copy holography, so as to synergy art and science for museum objects display. The hologram of an imitation of a blue and white porcelain jar from The Palace Museum, Beijing, China has been made, showing good performance and reflecting different pathway to knowledge.

  11. The Lost Generation and its significance to American Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹剑波; 刘佳

    2007-01-01

    The Lost Generation is actually a group of American writers who were rebelling against what America had become by the 1900s. The Lost generation tendency and Lost generation writers are of great importance to the American and world literature. This article serves as a brief introduction to the Lost generation and its significant writers.

  12. On markets and culture : object exchange and subject formation

    OpenAIRE

    Diaz, Misael Giovanni

    2012-01-01

    This thesis explores the conceptual and theoretical underpinnings that have led me to develop an artistic practice rooted in interventions in the form/function/ exchange of commodities to create micro-political renegotiations of subordination--using the act of exchange as a way of reflecting on the greater ideological order of social, cultural, and economic structures that maintain current relations of power

  13. The Significance Application of Indigenous Phytohemagglutinin (PHA) Mitogen on Metaphase and Cell Culture Procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Movafagh, Abolfazl; Heydary, Hassan; Mortazavi-Tabatabaei, Seyed Abdolreza; Azargashb, Eznollah

    2011-01-01

    Phytohemagglutinin (PHA) is a lectin, obtained from the red kidney bean that binds to the membranes of T-cells and stimulates metabolic activity, cell division, etc. The object of this research was the comparison between self made PHA (Indigenous) and imported commercial one, following conventional and High Resolution Cell Synchronization technique (HRCS) .From each blood sample of healthy individual donor replicate cell culture with two different PHA (self-made and commercial imported) with same concentration were cultured simultaneously. For culture cells, 3-5 × 106(6) cells were cultured in 4 mL medium( RPMI 1640 supplemented with 15 per cent heat inactivated fetal bovine serum, 0.1 mL Phytohemagglutinin was added and kept at 37°C in an atmosphere containing 5% CO2. The processing of mitotic division from 48 h and 72 h cultures was performed according to the standard and High Resolution Cell Synchronization technique. Cytogenetic studies were performed in 100 normal healthy blood donor individuals. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS (version 16, Inc.USA) software.Our results indicate that the preparation of fresh Phytohemagglutinin at the time of cell division and cell culture procedure reveals satisfactory score. The overall frequency of mitotic index in our study was better when compared with commercial imported Phytohemagglutinin (p < 0.001).The significant differences in the results may be due to fresh preparation. However, cost effective, easy and nearest approach of this indigenous product and high demand for this product among health care services can be considered.

  14. Residential Location Preferences. The Significance of Socio-Cultural and Religious Attributes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gobi Krishna Sinniah

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to explore residential location preferences and how they are related to travel behavior. The literature focuses on the preferences in relation to physical and demographic aspects, such as land uses, facilities, transportation facilities, transportation services, car ownership, income, household size and travel accessibility. However, this study suggests social and cultural issue such as racial diversity which is literally to be a significance context. The case study reported here is based on Iskandar Malaysia’s development region. Reliability Analysis and Factor Analysis are applied to determine that religious and culture are influential in terms of residential location preferences. These findings add a different perspective on travel behavior studies, which are heavily dominated by researches from Western Europe, North America and Australasia. It is suggested that transport researchers need to reject universal conclusions and be clearer about the contexts in which their findings most applied and in multi-cultural scenarios to consider cultural and religious factors more extensively.

  15. An essay on the extent and significance of the Greek athletic culture in the classical period

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thomas Heine

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses the extent of the Greek athletic culture in the classical period. It is demonstrated that the athletic culture had a surprising extent, and the article goes on the discuss the historical significance of this fact.......This article discusses the extent of the Greek athletic culture in the classical period. It is demonstrated that the athletic culture had a surprising extent, and the article goes on the discuss the historical significance of this fact....

  16. Religious culture and health promotion: care, practice, object

    OpenAIRE

    Viola Timm

    2015-01-01

    At the margins of modern medical practice, pushing the very limits of science, and indefatigably rendering the precincts of public discourse, still functional remnants of Christian civilization continue to provide care for the hopeless, perform healing sacraments for the incurable, and curate objects of votive devotion for the suffering and needy. These public services go largely unaccounted for, though they secure an ordered world, structure perception, and serve as ontological anchors. Lost...

  17. The Significance of Cross-culture Communication in Global Modern Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Lu-lu

    2015-01-01

    This essay is talk about The significance of cross-culture communication in global modern society. It will expound the necessity of cross-cultural communication for the global modern society, which includes explain how the cross-culture commu⁃nication works in the global modern society.

  18. Cultural Diversity and Civic Education: Two Versions of the Fragmentation Objection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shorten, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    According to the "fragmentation objection" to multiculturalism, practices of cultural recognition undermine political stability, and this counts as a reason to be sceptical about the public recognition of minority cultures, as well as about multiculturalism construed more broadly as a public policy. Civic education programmes, designed to promote…

  19. Cultural Diversity and Civic Education: Two Versions of the Fragmentation Objection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shorten, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    According to the "fragmentation objection" to multiculturalism, practices of cultural recognition undermine political stability, and this counts as a reason to be sceptical about the public recognition of minority cultures, as well as about multiculturalism construed more broadly as a public policy. Civic education programmes, designed to promote…

  20. Dance, Culture and Nationalism: the Socio-cultural Significance of Cloud Gate Dance Theatre in Taiwanese Society

    OpenAIRE

    Chao, Y.

    2000-01-01

    The socio-cultural significance of Cloud Gate Dance Theatre (est. 1973) in Taiwan is manifested in the interconnection of political nationalism and the representation of a diasporic postcolonialist cultural nationalism in its dance creations. The hybrid nature of Taiwanese society and its struggle between Chinese and Taiwanese nationalism are reflected in the motive behind the creation of the company, the evolution of its repertoire and changes in its nationalist stance. The creation of Cloud...

  1. A guide to hubble space telescope objects their selection, location, and significance

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, James L

    2015-01-01

    From the authors of "How to Find the Apollo Landing Sites," this is a guide to connecting the view above with the history of recent scientific discoveries from the Hubble Space Telescope. Each selected HST photo is shown with a sky map and a photograph or drawing to illustrate where to find it and how it should appear from a backyard telescope. Here is the casual observer's chance to locate the deep space objects visually, and appreciate the historic Hubble photos in comparison to what is visible from a backyard telescope. HST objects of all types are addressed, from Messier objects, Caldwell objects, and NGC objects, and are arranged in terms of what can be seen during the seasons. Additionally, the reader is given an historical perspective on the work of Edwin Hubble, while locating and viewing the deep space objects that changed astronomy forever.  Countless people have seen the amazing photographs taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. But how many people can actually point out where in the sky ...

  2. Clinical significance of histologic chorioamnionitis with a negative amniotic fluid culture in patients with preterm labor and premature membrane rupture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jeong Woo; Park, Kyo Hoon; Jung, Eun Young

    2017-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) with a negative amniotic fluid (AF) culture on adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes and inflammatory status in the AF compartment in women with preterm labor or preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). Methods This is a retrospective cohort study of 153 women diagnosed as having a preterm labor or PPROM (20–34 weeks) who delivered singleton gestations within 48 hours of amniocentesis. AF obtained through amniocentesis was cultured, and interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) levels were determined. The placentas were examined histologically. Results The prevalence of HCA with negative AF culture was 23.5% (36/153). The women with HCA but with a negative AF culture (group 2) and those with a positive AF culture (group 3) had a significantly lower mean gestational age at amniocentesis and delivery than those with a negative AF culture and without HCA (group 1). Women in group 3 had the highest levels of AF IL-6, IL-8, and MMP-9, followed by those in group 2, and those in group 1. Composite neonatal morbidity was significantly higher in groups 2 and 3 than in group 1, but this was no longer significant after adjusting for confounders caused mainly by the impact of gestational age. Discussion In the women who delivered preterm neonates, HCA with a negative AF culture was associated with increased risks of preterm birth, intense intra-amniotic inflammatory response, and prematurity-associated composite neonatal morbidity, and its risks are similar to the risk posed by positive AF culture. PMID:28278303

  3. Absence of Significant Cool Disks in Young Stellar Objects Exhibiting Repetitive Optical Outbursts

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Hauyu Baobab; Vorobyov, Eduard I; Kóspál, Ágnes; Rodríguez, Luis F; Dunham, Michael M; Hirano, Naomi; Henning, Thomas; Takami, Michihiro; Dong, Ruobing; Hashimoto, Jun; Hasegawa, Yasuhiro; Carrasco-González\\, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    We report Submillimeter Array (SMA) 1.3 mm high angular resolution observations towards the four EXor type outbursting young stellar objects (YSOs) VY Tau, V1118 Ori, V1143 Ori, and NY Ori. The data mostly show low dust masses $M_{dust}$ in the associated circumstellar disks. Among the sources, NY Ori possesses a relatively massive disk with $M_{dust} \\sim 9 \\times 10^{-4}$ $M_{\\odot}$. V1118 Ori has a marginal detection equivalent to $M_{dust} \\sim 6 \\times 10^{-5}$ $M_{\\odot}$. V1143 Ori has a non-detection also equivalent to $M_{dust} < 6 \\times 10^{-5}$ $M_{\\odot}$. For the nearest source VY Tau, we get a surprising non-detection which provides a stringent upper limit $M_{dust} < 6 \\times 10^{-6}$ $M_{\\odot}$. We interpret our findings as suggesting that the gas and dust reservoirs that feed the short duration, repetitive optical outbursts seen in some EXors may be limited to the small scale, innermost region of their circumstellar disks. This hot dust may have escaped our detection limits. Follow-u...

  4. ABSENCE OF SIGNIFICANT COOL DISKS IN YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS EXHIBITING REPETITIVE OPTICAL OUTBURSTS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Hauyu Baobab; Hirano, Naomi; Takami, Michihiro; Dong, Ruobing [Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Galván-Madrid, Roberto; Rodríguez, Luis F.; Carrasco-González, Carlos [Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, UNAM, A.P. 3-72, Xangari, Morelia, 58089 (Mexico); Vorobyov, Eduard I. [Department of Astrophysics, University of Vienna, Tuerkenschanzstrasse 17, A-1180, Vienna (Austria); Kóspál, Ágnes [Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 67, 1525 Budapest (Hungary); Dunham, Michael M. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS 78, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Henning, Thomas [Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie Königstuhl, 17 D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Hashimoto, Jun [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 Japan (Japan); Hasegawa, Yasuhiro, E-mail: baobabyoo@gmail.com [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)

    2016-01-10

    We report Submillimeter Array 1.3 mm high angular resolution observations toward the four EXor-type outbursting young stellar objects VY Tau, V1118 Ori, V1143 Ori, and NY Ori. The data mostly show low dust masses M{sub dust} in the associated circumstellar disks. Among the sources, NY Ori possesses a relatively massive disk with M{sub dust} ∼ 9 × 10{sup −4}M{sub ⊙}. V1118 Ori has a marginal detection equivalent to M{sub dust} ∼ 6 × 10{sup −5}M{sub ⊙}. V1143 Ori has a non-detection also equivalent to M{sub dust} < 6 × 10{sup −5}M{sub ⊙}. For the nearest source, VY Tau, we get a surprising non-detection that provides a stringent upper limit M{sub dust} < 6 × 10{sup −6}M{sub ⊙}. We interpret our findings as suggesting that the gas and dust reservoirs that feed the short-duration, repetitive optical outbursts seen in some EXors may be limited to the small-scale, innermost region of their circumstellar disks. This hot dust may have escaped our detection limits. Follow-up, more sensitive millimeter observations are needed to improve our understanding of the triggering mechanisms of EXor-type outbursts.

  5. 76 FR 35068 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations; “Monet/Lichtenstein: Rouen...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    .../Lichtenstein: Rouen Cathedrals,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are... of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, from on or about July 3, 2011, until on or...

  6. 76 FR 30228 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition; Determinations: “Portrait of a Man”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-24

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, and Delegation of Authority No.......

  7. 77 FR 53248 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Swiss Treasures: From...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-31

    ... Papyrus and Parchment to Erasmus, Zwingli, Calvin, and Barth'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the... exhibition ``Swiss Treasures: From Biblical Papyrus and Parchment to Erasmus, Zwingli, Calvin, and...

  8. 77 FR 54647 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Manet: Portraying Life”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-05

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Manet: Portraying Life'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the... exhibition ``Manet: Portraying Life,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United...

  9. 75 FR 9013 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vienna Circa 1780: An...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-26

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, Delegation of Authority No. 236......

  10. 78 FR 60994 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Christopher Wool”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, Delegation of Authority No.......

  11. 76 FR 53524 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Mirror of the Buddha...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-26

    ...Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Act of October 19, 1965 (79 Stat. 985; 22 U.S.C. 2459), Executive Order 12047 of March 27, 1978, the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (112 Stat. 2681, et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 6501 note, et seq.), Delegation of Authority No. 234 of October 1, 1999, Delegation of Authority No.......

  12. 75 FR 21385 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Cleopatra: The Search for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... Queen of Egypt'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... Queen of Egypt,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of... of Art, Fort Lauderdale, FL, from on or about January 1, 2013, until on or about May 31, 2013; and...

  13. 78 FR 51803 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vasily Kandinsky: From...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... to the Bauhaus, 1910-1925'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant...: From Blaue Reiter to the Bauhaus, 1910-1925,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  14. 78 FR 43960 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dante Ferretti: Design...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... Construction for Cinema'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... ``Dante Ferretti: Design and Construction for Cinema,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

  15. 75 FR 1009 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Habsburg Treasures”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-07

    ... at the Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida, from on or about January 16, 2010, until on or about April 11, 2010; the Columbia Museum of Art, Columbia, South Carolina, from on or about May 21..., Florida, from on or about October 7, 2010, until on or about December 30, 2010, and at possible...

  16. 75 FR 53731 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Sheila Hicks: 50 Years”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... on or about November 5, 2010, until on or about February 27, 2011; at the Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, from on or about March 25, 2011, until on or...

  17. SIGNIFICANCE OF RHYTHMIC CULTURAL INPUT IN DEALING WITH FOSSILIZATION IN L2/FL TEACHING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiYan

    2004-01-01

    Based on research carried out on four pilot classes,this paper makes surveys how intercultural factors can lead to fossilization in second language learning and foreign language (L2/FL) learning process, so as to highlight the magnificent value of deep-structure cultural transfer in L2/FL teaching and learning procedure. Furthermore. the paper goes deeper into the significance of rhythmic and contrastive cultural input in L2/FL class via analysis on results of sampled items. The paper reaches a conclusion that contrastive deep-structure cultural transfer is basically “I+I” approach in cultural instruction in nature, but the point is how it goes is in accordance with human knowledge/skill acquisition principle.

  18. Identifying designs from incomplete, fragmented cultural heritage objects by curve-pattern matching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jun; Yu, Haozhou; Smith, Karen; Wilder, Colin; Yu, Hongkai; Wang, Song

    2017-01-01

    The study of cultural heritage objects with embellished realistic and abstract designs made up of connected and intertwined curves crosscuts a number of related disciplines, including archaeology, art history, and heritage management. However, many objects, such as pottery sherds found in the archaeological record, are fragmentary, making the underlying complete designs unknowable at the scale of the sherd fragment. The challenge to reconstruct and study complete designs is stymied because (1) most fragmentary cultural heritage objects contain only a small portion of the underlying full design, (2) in the case of a stamping application, the same design may be applied multiple times with spatial overlap on one object, and (3) curve patterns detected on an object are usually incomplete and noisy. As a result, traditional curve-pattern matching algorithms, such as Chamfer matching, may perform poorly in identifying the underlying design. We develop a new partial-to-global curve matching algorithm to address these challenges and better identify the full design from a fragmented cultural heritage object. Specifically, we develop the algorithm to identify the designs of the carved wooden paddles of the Southeastern Woodlands from unearthed pottery sherds. A set of pottery sherds, curated at Georgia Southern University, are used to test the proposed algorithm, with promising results.

  19. The Cultural and Developmental Significance of Parenting Processes in Adolescent Anxiety and Depression Symptoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vazsonyi, Alexander T.; Belliston, Lara M.

    2006-01-01

    This study examined the cultural and developmental significance of maternal and paternal parenting processes (closeness, support, monitoring, communication, conflict, and peer approval) for measures of anxiety and depression symptoms in adolescents from Hungary, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and the United States (N = 6,935). Across all cultural…

  20. Culture, Leadership, and Activism: Translating Fink's Taxonomy of Significant Learning into Pedagogical Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Toby S.

    2016-01-01

    Through the article, I share the theoretical foundations, structure, knowledge acquisition, and outcomes of a cultural leadership course. The process for course development integrates several theories and research methods into practice: L. Dee Fink's Taxonomy of Significant Learning, Feminist Theory, Critical Race Theory, and…

  1. The role and significance of sputum cultures in the diagnosis of melioidosis.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huis in 't Veld, D.; Wuthiekanun, V.; Cheng, A.C.; Chierakul, W.; Chaowagul, W.; Brouwer, A.E.; White, N.J.; Day, N.; Peacock, S.

    2005-01-01

    Pneumonia is a common manifestation of melioidosis, the disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. In this study, we defined the prognostic significance of a positive sputum culture. A total of 712 patients presenting to Sappasithiprasong Hospital, Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand, with melioidosis betw

  2. Clinical significance of Staphylococcus saprophyticus identified on blood culture in a tertiary care hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Sang-Ho; Woo, Jun Hee; Jeong, Jin-Yong; Kim, Nam Joong; Kim, Mi-Na; Kim, Yang Soo; Ryu, Jiso

    2006-11-01

    Staphylococcus saprophyticus is a well-known cause of acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection in young women. However, the clinical significance of this organism isolated from blood culture has not been determined. We assessed the clinical significance and characteristics of S. saprophyticus identified on blood culture. A total of 24 patients were identified, and 7 patients (29.2%) were considered to have clinically significant bacteremia. Of the 7 patients with clinically significant bacteremia, hematologic malignancy was the most common underlying illness (5 patients), and tunneled-central venous catheter was the most common portal of entry (4 patients). In no case did S. saprophyticus bacteremia originate from the urinary tract. One patient died during hospitalization. However, the death was not directly related to bacteremia. In conclusion, our data suggest that bacteremia caused by S. saprophyticus is most commonly associated with tunneled-central venous catheter in patients with hematologic malignancies and may be associated with a lower risk of mortality.

  3. The Subject of Culture Within the Objective Scope of the Philosophy of Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svitlana Cherepanova

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available In the article it is pointed out that European and worldwide integration processes, the informatization and the competitive character of all the spheres of social life require the overcoming of the tendency of “catching up” that is characteristic of Ukraine — in favour of leaving behind the transformation of the educational sphere, especially the pedagogical one. The attitude of a human being to the world contains theoretical (knowledge and ideas and practical aspects. Created in the process of social development new establishments, things, technologies have a human content; implement human subjectivity — knowledge, intellect, feelings, thinking, volition, convictions, objectives etc. Under discordant challenges of globalization, the philosophy of education can provide an adequate answer, approaches and objectives. The philosophy of education functions as a combination of world view theories (ideas, scientific, cultural, value, moral and ethical principles that predetermine not only the content of education but also a certain type of personality… This takes into account the peculiarities of technogenic (western and traditional (eastern cultures, that is the type of personality: individualistic (the West, collectivistic (the East. The methodological prospects are determined by the correlation of humanitarian, dialogical, synergetic paradigms, the philosophic anthropology and ontology with the accent on culture creation as overcoming the boundaries of the possible (cognition, activity creation of the being by means of culture. The humanitarian and culture creating strategies of the philosophy of education are grounded as conceptually reasonable: integrity and interaction of basic being and value concepts (man-science-culture-art-the style of thinking and objectives — the formation of a personality as a subject of culture. The formation of the subject of culture takes place in a certain social community, among moral rules, customs and

  4. The cultural significance of wild mushrooms in San Mateo Huexoyucan, Tlaxcala, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso-Aguilar, Luis Enrique; Montoya, Adriana; Kong, Alejandro; Estrada-Torres, Arturo; Garibay-Orijel, Roberto

    2014-03-05

    We performed an ethnomycological study in a community in Tlaxcala, Central Mexico to identify the most important species of wild mushrooms growing in an oak forest, their significance criteria, and to validate the Cultural Significance Index (CSI). Thirty-three mestizo individuals were randomly selected in San Mateo Huexoyucan and were asked seven questions based on criteria established by the CSI. Among the 49 mushroom species collected in the oak forest and open areas, 20 species were mentioned most often and were analyzed in more detail. Ordination and grouping techniques were used to determine the relationship between the cultural significance of the mushroom species, according to a perceived abundance index, frequency of use index, taste score appreciation index, multifunctional food index, knowledge transmission index, and health index. The mushrooms with highest CSI values were Agaricus campestris, Ramaria spp., Amanita aff. basii, Russula spp., Ustilago maydis, and Boletus variipes. These species were characterized by their good taste and were considered very nutritional. The species with the lowest cultural significance included Russula mexicana, Lycoperdon perlatum, and Strobylomyces strobilaceus. The ordination and grouping analyses identified four groups of mushrooms by their significance to the people of Huexoyucan. The most important variables that explained the grouping were the taste score appreciation index, health index, the knowledge transmission index, and the frequency of use index. A. aff. basii and A. campestris were the most significant wild mushrooms to the people of San Mateo. The diversity of the Russula species and the variety of Amanita and Ramaria species used by these people was outstanding. Environments outside the forest also produced useful resources. The CSI used in Oaxaca was useful for determining the cultural significance of mushrooms in SMH, Tlaxcala. This list of mushrooms can be used in conservation proposals for the Quercus

  5. The Effects of Age, Object, and Cultural/Religious Background on Children's Concepts of Death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candy-Gibbs, Sandra E.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Examined concepts of death in 114 children. Significant cultural/religious background differences were found for concepts of irreversibility, universality, and inevitability. Age effects were found for universality and inevitability. Understanding of causation of death was significantly influenced by the child's age and background. (NRB)

  6. Application of molecular techniques for the assessment of microorganism diversity on cultural heritage objects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otlewska, Anna; Adamiak, Justyna; Gutarowska, Beata

    2014-01-01

    As a result of their unpredictable ability to adapt to varying environmental conditions, microorganisms inhabit different types of biological niches on Earth. Owing to the key role of microorganisms in many biogeochemical processes, trends in modern microbiology emphasize the need to know and understand the structure and function of complex microbial communities. This is particularly important if the strategy relates to microbial communities that cause biodeterioration of materials that constitute our cultural heritage. Until recently, the detection and identification of microorganisms inhabiting objects of cultural value was based only on cultivation-dependent methods. In spite of many advantages, these methods provide limited information because they identify only viable organisms capable of growth under standard laboratory conditions. However, in order to carry out proper conservation and renovation, it is necessary to know the complete composition of microbial communities and their activity. This paper presents and characterizes modern techniques such as genetic fingerprinting and clone library construction for the assessment of microbial diversity based on molecular biology. Molecular methods represent a favourable alternative to culture-dependent methods and make it possible to assess the biodiversity of microorganisms inhabiting technical materials and cultural heritage objects.

  7. Integrating Spherical Panoramas and Maps for Visualization of Cultural Heritage Objects Using Virtual Reality Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koeva, Mila; Luleva, Mila; Maldjanski, Plamen

    2017-04-11

    Development and virtual representation of 3D models of Cultural Heritage (CH) objects has triggered great interest over the past decade. The main reason for this is the rapid development in the fields of photogrammetry and remote sensing, laser scanning, and computer vision. The advantages of using 3D models for restoration, preservation, and documentation of valuable historical and architectural objects have been numerously demonstrated by scientists in the field. Moreover, 3D model visualization in virtual reality has been recognized as an efficient, fast, and easy way of representing a variety of objects worldwide for present-day users, who have stringent requirements and high expectations. However, the main focus of recent research is the visual, geometric, and textural characteristics of a single concrete object, while integration of large numbers of models with additional information-such as historical overview, detailed description, and location-are missing. Such integrated information can be beneficial, not only for tourism but also for accurate documentation. For that reason, we demonstrate in this paper an integration of high-resolution spherical panoramas, a variety of maps, GNSS, sound, video, and text information for representation of numerous cultural heritage objects. These are then displayed in a web-based portal with an intuitive interface. The users have the opportunity to choose freely from the provided information, and decide for themselves what is interesting to visit. Based on the created web application, we provide suggestions and guidelines for similar studies. We selected objects, which are located in Bulgaria-a country with thousands of years of history and cultural heritage dating back to ancient civilizations. The methods used in this research are applicable for any type of spherical or cylindrical images and can be easily followed and applied in various domains. After a visual and metric assessment of the panoramas and the evaluation of

  8. Significant glial alterations in response to iron loading in a novel organotypic hippocampal slice culture model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, Sinead; McMahon, Jill; Owens, Peter; FitzGerald, Una

    2016-01-01

    Aberrant iron deposition in the brain is associated with neurodegenerative disorders including Multiple Sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. To study the collective response to iron loading, we have used hippocampal organotypic slices as a platform to develop a novel ex vivo model of iron accumulation. We demonstrated differential uptake and toxicity of iron after 12 h exposure to 10 μM ferrous ammonium sulphate, ferric citrate or ferrocene. Having established the supremacy of ferrocene in this model, the cultures were then loaded with 0.1–100 μM ferrocene for 12 h. One μM ferrocene exposure produced the maximal 1.6-fold increase in iron compared with vehicle. This was accompanied by a 1.4-fold increase in ferritin transcripts and mild toxicity. Using dual-immunohistochemistry, we detected ferritin in oligodendrocytes, microglia, but rarely in astrocytes and never in neurons in iron-loaded slice cultures. Moreover, iron loading led to a 15% loss of olig2-positive cells and a 16% increase in number and greater activation of microglia compared with vehicle. However, there was no appreciable effect of iron loading on astrocytes. In what we believe is a significant advance on traditional mono- or dual-cultures, our novel ex vivo slice-culture model allows characterization of the collective response of brain cells to iron-loading. PMID:27808258

  9. The cultural significance of plants of the Pernambuco indians: The Xucuru case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laise de Holanda Cavalcanti Andrade

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available The Index of Cultural Significance (ICS created at the end of the 1980´s, aims to register the value of each vegetable species and to disclose its importance for the biological and cultural survival of a traditional community. Initially, the ISC was considered and applied in aboriginal communities in Canada and the United States. Aiming to verify its applicability for Brazilian aboriginal groups, it was used in the present work to evaluate the cultural meaning of the useful species for the Xucuru tribe, in pesqueira county, Pernambuco. In Brazil, it is the first time that this index has been used with a northeastern aboriginal community, the Xucuru, one of the seven tribes remaining in Pernambuco. From informal interviews, 97 useful species were registered among trees, shrubs and grass growing in the Pedra D’Água forest (Humid Ororobá-Forest, in yards, and in small cultivated areas in the village. The ISC provided a numeric order of importance for the plants registered in the Xucuru tribe, much like the one observed in the field. Musa paradisiaca was the species of greatest meaning for the community (ICS 120, followed by Rosmarinum officinalis (ICS 92, Xerophyta plicata (ICS 88, Aspidosperma sp. (ICS 84 and Cymbopogon citratus (ISC 80. The place of distinct prominence for non-native species of the area (exotic evidences the importance that such species have acquired in the Xucuru culture.

  10. Public safety risk management at socio-economic and / or historic-cultural significant dam sites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Earle, Gordon D.; Ryan, Katherine; Pyykonen, Nicole K.; Pitts, Lucas [Otonabee Region Conservation Authority, Peterborough, (Canada)

    2010-07-01

    The Lang Dam and adjoining gristmill, located near Peterborough are integral parts of the Lang Pioneer Village museum. Activities occurring within close proximity to the dam have led to safety issues. The owner (ORCA) has developed and implemented public safety management plans (PSMPs) for each of its water control structures, including the Lang Dam. ORCA gave special attention to the social, economic, aesthetic, historic and cultural dimensions associated the implementation of public safety management plans. These factors play a significant role in how well public safety measures (PSMs) are received by stakeholder groups and the general public. This paper reported the challenges of developing and implementing a PSMP for the Lang Dam, with the focus on property site-specific PSMS while preserving socio-economic and historic-cultural character and values. It was demonstrated that the dam owners, regulatory authorities, control agencies and preservationists need to come together to develop a holistic public safety management process.

  11. 3D MODELLING AND INTERACTIVE WEB-BASED VISUALIZATION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE OBJECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. N. Koeva

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, there are rapid developments in the fields of photogrammetry, laser scanning, computer vision and robotics, together aiming to provide highly accurate 3D data that is useful for various applications. In recent years, various LiDAR and image-based techniques have been investigated for 3D modelling because of their opportunities for fast and accurate model generation. For cultural heritage preservation and the representation of objects that are important for tourism and their interactive visualization, 3D models are highly effective and intuitive for present-day users who have stringent requirements and high expectations. Depending on the complexity of the objects for the specific case, various technological methods can be applied. The selected objects in this particular research are located in Bulgaria – a country with thousands of years of history and cultural heritage dating back to ancient civilizations. \\this motivates the preservation, visualisation and recreation of undoubtedly valuable historical and architectural objects and places, which has always been a serious challenge for specialists in the field of cultural heritage. In the present research, comparative analyses regarding principles and technological processes needed for 3D modelling and visualization are presented. The recent problems, efforts and developments in interactive representation of precious objects and places in Bulgaria are presented. Three technologies based on real projects are described: (1 image-based modelling using a non-metric hand-held camera; (2 3D visualization based on spherical panoramic images; (3 and 3D geometric and photorealistic modelling based on architectural CAD drawings. Their suitability for web-based visualization are demonstrated and compared. Moreover the possibilities for integration with additional information such as interactive maps, satellite imagery, sound, video and specific information for the objects are described. This

  12. D Modelling and Interactive Web-Based Visualization of Cultural Heritage Objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koeva, M. N.

    2016-06-01

    Nowadays, there are rapid developments in the fields of photogrammetry, laser scanning, computer vision and robotics, together aiming to provide highly accurate 3D data that is useful for various applications. In recent years, various LiDAR and image-based techniques have been investigated for 3D modelling because of their opportunities for fast and accurate model generation. For cultural heritage preservation and the representation of objects that are important for tourism and their interactive visualization, 3D models are highly effective and intuitive for present-day users who have stringent requirements and high expectations. Depending on the complexity of the objects for the specific case, various technological methods can be applied. The selected objects in this particular research are located in Bulgaria - a country with thousands of years of history and cultural heritage dating back to ancient civilizations. This motivates the preservation, visualisation and recreation of undoubtedly valuable historical and architectural objects and places, which has always been a serious challenge for specialists in the field of cultural heritage. In the present research, comparative analyses regarding principles and technological processes needed for 3D modelling and visualization are presented. The recent problems, efforts and developments in interactive representation of precious objects and places in Bulgaria are presented. Three technologies based on real projects are described: (1) image-based modelling using a non-metric hand-held camera; (2) 3D visualization based on spherical panoramic images; (3) and 3D geometric and photorealistic modelling based on architectural CAD drawings. Their suitability for web-based visualization are demonstrated and compared. Moreover the possibilities for integration with additional information such as interactive maps, satellite imagery, sound, video and specific information for the objects are described. This comparative study

  13. A Way to Build Software Culture: Distributed Object-Oriented Software Engineering over Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    This paper focuses on Distributed Object-Oriented SoftwareEngineerin g over Internet, which is a way to build software culture. We believe that our w ork will contribute to better understanding of how to meet the needs of the big potential software market and to promote the software industry in developing cou ntry. The United States and Western Europe have well-established software indu s try and related civilization. Software science, technology, and engineering are needed in China; however, maybe what is needed, first of all, is software civil ization, including software ideas, customs, skills, arts, etc. We will draw a f ramework for the software culture as following: Software is the most important c ommodity in this age; Brilliance of hardware component era has become past fact; A software component era is ahead; Traditional linear process model is obsolete ; Modern software engineering has a new face, object evolution model; Distribute d object-oriented software engineering over Internet is an approach to software component era; and Complete software civilization will be formed all over the wo rld in next century.

  14. Cultural differences in sensitivity to the relationship between objects and contexts: evidence from P3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Kui; Umla-Runge, Katja; Hofmann, Juliane; Ferdinand, Nicola K; Chan, Raymond C K

    2014-06-18

    Cross-cultural differences in Easterners and Westerners have been observed in different cognitive domains. Differential sensitivity to the relationship between objects and contexts might be an underlying cognitive mechanism for these differences. Twenty-one Chinese and 22 Germans participated in a three-stimulus event-related potential oddball task. They were instructed to monitor geometrical forms filled in black (targets) that were presented among a series of blank geometrical forms (standards). Novel stimuli were colored images of common objects. Robust novelty P3 and target P3 over the entire scalp were observed in both groups. As compared with the German group, Chinese participants showed larger amplitudes of novelty P3 and target P3 over frontal regions and earlier peak latency for target P3. This indicates a higher sensitivity to the relationship between contexts and objects in the Chinese as compared with the German group, which might be an underlying mechanism for cross-cultural differences reported in many cognitive domains.

  15. Metonymic objects, cultural practices and narrative repair: Sri Lankan responses to the Indian Ocean tsunami.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassim, Shemana; Stolte, Ottilie; Hodgetts, Darrin

    2015-07-01

    The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami resulted in a tragic loss of life and immense suffering. This article explores the ways in which a group of people from Sri Lanka worked to address the disruption to their life narratives caused by the loss of loved ones. We go beyond a focus on 'talk' in narrative research in health psychology to explore the importance of material objects in sustaining continued bonds with the deceased. This article provides an alternative to the tendency in mainstream psychology to pathologise grief and highlights the importance of culturally patterned responses to disaster. © The Author(s) 2013.

  16. 文化产业背景下艺术批评的当下意义--《艺术智慧:对艺术消费客体质量的思辨》之思辨%The Contemporary Significance of Art Criticism in the Background of Cultural Industry--On "Artistic Wisdom:the Speculation on the Quality of the Object of Art Consumption"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛丽英

    2015-01-01

    In the historical process of the development of art, art criticism enhances people's further understanding of art works and promotes the wider dissemination of art works; in the new background of cultural industry, art criticism should also assume their responsibilities. For domestic pop art and national art two cultural markets in recent years, with a strong national sentiment, based on the production and consumption of art, and from the perspective of aesthetic height, art commentary “Art Wisdom: the Speculation on the Quality of the Object of Art Consumption” makes a deep analysis and interpretation on the Mongolian arts-based drama, film, dance, modeling, and other four major categories of art works, and is a set of many-year art critical practice and academic wisdom in one.%在艺术发展的历史进程中,艺术批评增进了人们对艺术作品的进一步理解、推动了艺术作品更为广泛的传播;在文化产业发展的全新背景下,艺术批评同样应该承担起自身的责任。艺术评论集《艺术智慧:对艺术消费客体质量的思辨》面向近年来国内流行艺术与区域民族艺术两大文化市场,带着深厚的民族情感、立足艺术生产与消费视角,从审美的高度,对以蒙古族艺术为主的戏剧、影视、歌舞、造型等四大门类艺术作品进行了深度的分析与解读,是一部集多年艺术批评实践与学术智慧于一体的心血之作。

  17. Minimal camera networks for 3D image based modeling of cultural heritage objects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsadik, Bashar; Gerke, Markus; Vosselman, George; Daham, Afrah; Jasim, Luma

    2014-03-25

    3D modeling of cultural heritage objects like artifacts, statues and buildings is nowadays an important tool for virtual museums, preservation and restoration. In this paper, we introduce a method to automatically design a minimal imaging network for the 3D modeling of cultural heritage objects. This becomes important for reducing the image capture time and processing when documenting large and complex sites. Moreover, such a minimal camera network design is desirable for imaging non-digitally documented artifacts in museums and other archeological sites to avoid disturbing the visitors for a long time and/or moving delicate precious objects to complete the documentation task. The developed method is tested on the Iraqi famous statue "Lamassu". Lamassu is a human-headed winged bull of over 4.25 m in height from the era of Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BC). Close-range photogrammetry is used for the 3D modeling task where a dense ordered imaging network of 45 high resolution images were captured around Lamassu with an object sample distance of 1 mm. These images constitute a dense network and the aim of our study was to apply our method to reduce the number of images for the 3D modeling and at the same time preserve pre-defined point accuracy. Temporary control points were fixed evenly on the body of Lamassu and measured by using a total station for the external validation and scaling purpose. Two network filtering methods are implemented and three different software packages are used to investigate the efficiency of the image orientation and modeling of the statue in the filtered (reduced) image networks. Internal and external validation results prove that minimal image networks can provide highly accurate records and efficiency in terms of visualization, completeness, processing time (>60% reduction) and the final accuracy of 1 mm.

  18. Minimal Camera Networks for 3D Image Based Modeling of Cultural Heritage Objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bashar Alsadik

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available 3D modeling of cultural heritage objects like artifacts, statues and buildings is nowadays an important tool for virtual museums, preservation and restoration. In this paper, we introduce a method to automatically design a minimal imaging network for the 3D modeling of cultural heritage objects. This becomes important for reducing the image capture time and processing when documenting large and complex sites. Moreover, such a minimal camera network design is desirable for imaging non-digitally documented artifacts in museums and other archeological sites to avoid disturbing the visitors for a long time and/or moving delicate precious objects to complete the documentation task. The developed method is tested on the Iraqi famous statue “Lamassu”. Lamassu is a human-headed winged bull of over 4.25 m in height from the era of Ashurnasirpal II (883–859 BC. Close-range photogrammetry is used for the 3D modeling task where a dense ordered imaging network of 45 high resolution images were captured around Lamassu with an object sample distance of 1 mm. These images constitute a dense network and the aim of our study was to apply our method to reduce the number of images for the 3D modeling and at the same time preserve pre-defined point accuracy. Temporary control points were fixed evenly on the body of Lamassu and measured by using a total station for the external validation and scaling purpose. Two network filtering methods are implemented and three different software packages are used to investigate the efficiency of the image orientation and modeling of the statue in the filtered (reduced image networks. Internal and external validation results prove that minimal image networks can provide highly accurate records and efficiency in terms of visualization, completeness, processing time (>60% reduction and the final accuracy of 1 mm.

  19. Towards the Development of Objective, Universal Criteria of Cultural Evaluation: The Challenges Posed by Anti-Foundationalism, Culturalism and Romanticism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Matthew Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Over the course of the last century, it has become increasingly unfashionable in the social sciences to make cross-cultural evaluations. The advance of cultural relativism has ensured that criticisms of other cultures are regarded as subjective and ethnocentric. There remain, however, cultural beliefs, practices and traditions which appear, "prima…

  20. Towards the Development of Objective, Universal Criteria of Cultural Evaluation: The Challenges Posed by Anti-Foundationalism, Culturalism and Romanticism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Matthew Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Over the course of the last century, it has become increasingly unfashionable in the social sciences to make cross-cultural evaluations. The advance of cultural relativism has ensured that criticisms of other cultures are regarded as subjective and ethnocentric. There remain, however, cultural beliefs, practices and traditions which appear, "prima…

  1. Three Dimentional Reconstruction of Large Cultural Heritage Objects Based on Uav Video and Tls Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Z.; Wu, T. H.; Shen, Y.; Wu, L.

    2016-06-01

    This paper investigates the synergetic use of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and terrestrial laser scanner (TLS) in 3D reconstruction of cultural heritage objects. Rather than capturing still images, the UAV that equips a consumer digital camera is used to collect dynamic videos to overcome its limited endurance capacity. Then, a set of 3D point-cloud is generated from video image sequences using the automated structure-from-motion (SfM) and patch-based multi-view stereo (PMVS) methods. The TLS is used to collect the information that beyond the reachability of UAV imaging e.g., partial building facades. A coarse to fine method is introduced to integrate the two sets of point clouds UAV image-reconstruction and TLS scanning for completed 3D reconstruction. For increased reliability, a variant of ICP algorithm is introduced using local terrain invariant regions in the combined designation. The experimental study is conducted in the Tulou culture heritage building in Fujian province, China, which is focused on one of the TuLou clusters built several hundred years ago. Results show a digital 3D model of the Tulou cluster with complete coverage and textural information. This paper demonstrates the usability of the proposed method for efficient 3D reconstruction of heritage object based on UAV video and TLS data.

  2. Indigenous Past Climate Knowledge as Cultural Built-in Object and Its Accuracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Leclerc

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In studying indigenous climate knowledge, two approaches can be envisioned. In the first, traditional knowledge is a cultural built-in object; conceived as a whole, its relevance can be assessed by referring to other cultural, economic, or technical components at work within an indigenous society. In the second, the accuracy of indigenous climate knowledge is assessed with western science knowledge used as an external reference. However, assessing the accuracy of indigenous climate knowledge remains a largely untapped area. We aim to show how accurate the culturally built indigenous climate knowledge of extreme climatic events is, and how amenable it is to fuzzy logic. A retrospective survey was carried out individually and randomly among 195 Eastern African farmers on climatic reasons for loss of on-farm crop diversity from 1961 to 2006. More than 3000 crop loss events were recorded, and reasons given by farmers were mainly related to droughts or heavy rainfall. Chi-square statistics computed by Monte Carlo simulations based on 999 replicates clearly rejected independence between indigenous knowledge of drought and heavy rainfall that occurred in the past and rainfall records. The fuzzy logic nature of indigenous climatic knowledge appears in the clear association of drought or heavy rainfall events, as perceived by farmers, with corresponding extreme rainfall values, contrasting with a fuzzy picture in the intermediate climatic situations. We discuss how the cultural built-in knowledge helps farmers in perceiving and remembering past climate variations, considering the specificity of the contexts where extreme climatic events were experienced. The integration of indigenous and scientific climate knowledge could allow development of drought monitoring that considers both climatic and contextual data.

  3. Art, historical and cultural heritage objects studied with different non-destructive analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rizzutto, Marcia A.; Tabacniks, Manfredo H.; Added, Nemitala; Campos, Pedro H.O.V.; Curado, Jessica F.; Kajiya, Elizabeth A.M. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (IF/USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica

    2012-07-01

    Full text: Since 2003, the analysis of art, historical and cultural heritage objects has being performed at the Laboratorio de Analise de Materiais of the Instituto de Fisica of the Universidade de Sao Paulo (LAMFI-USP). Initially the studies were restricted to non-destructive methods using ion beams to characterize the chemical elements present in the objects. Recently, new analytical techniques and procedures have been incorporated to the better characterization of the objects and the examinations were expanded to other non-destructive analytical techniques such as portable X-Ray fluorescence (XRF), digitalized radiography, high resolution photography with visible, UV (ultraviolet) light and reflectography in the infrared region. These non-destructive analytical techniques systematically applied to the objects are helping the better understanding of these objects and allow studying them by examining their main components; their conservation status and also the creative process of the artist, particularly in easel paintings allow making new discoveries. The setup of the external beam in the LAMFI laboratory is configured to allow different simultaneous analysis by PIXE / PIGE (Particle Induced X-ray emission / Particle Induced gamma rays emission), RBS (Rutherford Backscattering) and IBL (Ion Beam Luminescence) and to expand the archaeometric results using ion beams. PIXE and XRF analysis are important to characterize the elements presents in the objects, pigments and others materials. The digitized radiography has provided important information about the internal structure of the objects, the manufacturing process, the internal particles existing and in case of easel paintings it can reveal features of the artist's creative process showing hidden images and the first paintings done by the artist in the background. Some Brazilian paintings studied by IR imaging revealed underlying drawings, which allowed us to discover the process of creation and also some

  4. Objective analyses of tessellated fundi and significant correlation between degree of tessellation and choroidal thickness in healthy eyes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naoya Yoshihara

    Full Text Available A tessellated fundus is a common characteristic of myopic eyes and is an important clinical marker for the development of retinochoroidal changes. However, the exact cause and significance of tessellated fundi have not been definitively determined. We determined the degree of tessellation in fundi objectively in normal, non-pathological myopic eyes, and correlated the degree of tessellation and the choroidal thickness (CT and axial length (AL. This was a prospective observational cross sectional study. The eyes were classified subjectively into three groups based on the degree of tessellation observed ophthalmoscopically. Digital color fundus photographs were assessed for the degree of tessellation by ImageJ, an image processing program. Three tessellated fundus indices (TFIs were calculated and were compared to the three subjectively-determined groups. The subfoveal and nasal CTs were measured in the optical coherence tomographic images. The correlations between the TFIs and the CT were calculated. Additionally, the correlation between the TFIs and the AL was calculated. One hundred right eyes of 100 healthy volunteers (mean age 25.8±3.9 years were studied. Ophthalmoscopically, 57 eyes were placed in the non-tessellated group, 27 eyes into the weakly tessellated group, and 16 eyes into the strongly tessellated group. There was a significant correlation between the subjective classifications and the TFI values (P<0.05, Kruskal-Wallis test. All of the TFIs were significantly associated with the subfoveal and nasal CT (R = -0.20 to -0.24, P<0.05. The TFIs were not significantly correlated with the ALs. In conclusion, the significant correlation between the subjective and objective classifications of the degree of tessellation indicates that TFIs can be used to classify the degree of tessellation. The results indicate that the differences in the CT account for the degree of tessellation.

  5. What is the clinical significance of filamentous fungi positive sputum cultures in patients with cystic fibrosis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jane C; Modha, Deborah E; Gaillard, Erol A

    2013-05-01

    In patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), the isolation of filamentous fungi, in particular Aspergillus spp. in the respiratory secretions is a common occurrence. Most of these patients do not fulfil the clinical criteria for a diagnosis of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). The clinical relevance of filamentous fungi and whether antifungal therapy should be started in patients with persistent respiratory exacerbations who do not respond to two or more courses of appropriate oral or intravenous antibiotics and in whom no other organisms are isolated from respiratory secretions is a dilemma for the CF clinician. In this article, we review the epidemiology and clinical significance of filamentous fungi in the non-ABPA CF lung, with an emphasis on Aspergillus spp. colonisation (AC), the clinical relevance of Aspergillus spp. positive respiratory cultures and the outcome following antifungal therapy in these patients. Copyright © 2013 European Cystic Fibrosis Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. The characterization of artefacts of cultural heritage significance using physical techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Creagh, D.C. [Cultural Heritage Research Centre, Division of Science and Design, University of Canberra, Canberra ACT 2601 (Australia)]. E-mail: dcreagh@bigpond.net.eu

    2005-12-15

    All societies attempt to preserve their cultural heritage because it is this that gives them their identity. How artefacts are identified as being of significance to society, and how to preserve these for posterity, depend on the sophistication of those societies, their wealth, and the determination of members of the societies to preserve their past. If conservation or restoration measures are being undertaken complex analytical experiments must be undertaken beforehand to ensure that the work is being undertaken in an appropriate manner. These investigations may employ electromagnetic (IR, VIS, UV, X-ray, {gamma}-ray) or particulate (electron, proton, neutron, and ion beams) radiation. The use of many of these techniques is described in this paper in experiments on Australian Aboriginal bark paintings, a suit of armour belonging to a famous Australian outlaw, and the degradation of colour motion picture film.

  7. Identifying the shared metabolic objectives of glycerol bioconversion in Klebsiella pneumoniae under different culture conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Gongxian; Li, Caixia

    2017-03-18

    This paper addresses the problem of identifying the shared metabolic objectives of glycerol bioconversion in Klebsiella pneumoniae for production of 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD) under different culture conditions. To achieve this goal, we propose a multi-level programming model. This model includes three optimization problems, where the constraint region of the first level problem is implicitly determined by the other two optimization problems. The optimized objectives of the first and second level problems are to minimize the set of fluxes that are of major importance to glycerol metabolism and the difference between the observed fluxes and those computed by the model, respectively. The third level problem in the proposed multi-level programming simultaneously solves a set of flux balance analysis (FBA) models. A method is proposed to solve efficiently the presented multi-level programming problem. In this method, we first transform the proposed multi-level problem into a bi-level problem by applying the dual theory of linear programming to the FBA models of the third level. Next, the optimal solution of the above bi-level problem is obtained by iteratively solving a sequence of mixed integer programming problems. Optimization results reveal that the proposed method can identify the shared metabolic objectives of glycerol bioconversion in Klebsiella pneumoniae under three groups of experimental data.

  8. Three-dimensional imaging of flat natural and cultural heritage objects by a Compton scattering modality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrero Prado, Patricio; Nguyen, Mai K.; Dumas, Laurent; Cohen, Serge X.

    2017-01-01

    Characterization and interpretation of flat ancient material objects, such as those found in archaeology, paleoenvironments, paleontology, and cultural heritage, have remained a challenging task to perform by means of conventional x-ray tomography methods due to their anisotropic morphology and flattened geometry. To overcome the limitations of the mentioned methodologies for such samples, an imaging modality based on Compton scattering is proposed in this work. Classical x-ray tomography treats Compton scattering data as noise in the image formation process, while in Compton scattering tomography the conditions are set such that Compton data become the principal image contrasting agent. Under these conditions, we are able, first, to avoid relative rotations between the sample and the imaging setup, and second, to obtain three-dimensional data even when the object is supported by a dense material by exploiting backscattered photons. Mathematically this problem is addressed by means of a conical Radon transform and its inversion. The image formation process and object reconstruction model are presented. The feasibility of this methodology is supported by numerical simulations.

  9. Combined Neutron and X-ray Imaging for Non-invasive Investigations of Cultural Heritage Objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mannes, D.; Schmid, F.; Frey, J.; Schmidt-Ott, K.; Lehmann, E.

    The combined utilization of neutron and X-ray imaging for non-invasive investigations of cultural heritage objects is demonstrated on the example of a short sword found a few years ago in lake Zug, Switzerland. After conservation treatments carried out at the Swiss National Museum the sword was examined at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), Villigen (CH), by means of neutron and X-ray computer tomography (CT). The two types of radiation show different interaction behavior with matter, which makes the two methods complementary. While X-rays show a strong correlation of the attenuation with the atomic number, neutrons demonstrate a high sensitivity for some light elements, such as Hydrogen and thus organic material, while some heavy elements (such as Lead) show high penetrability. The examined object is a composite of metal and organic material, which makes it an ideal example to show the complementarity of the two methods as it features materials, which are rather transparent for one type of radiation, while yielding at the same time high contrast for the other. Only the combination of the two methods made an exhaustive examination of the object possible and allowed to rebuild an accurate replica of the sword.

  10. The Significance of Achieving Effective Cross-culture Communication in Foreign Trade Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董秋萍

    2016-01-01

    The commercial activities of foreign enterprises are a kind of cross-cultural communication activity. There are many contradictions and conflicts existing in the foreign trade business communication. The thesis aims to discuss the misunderstandings generated in the course of cross-cultural communication and illustrate the importance to improve cross-cultural awareness, as well as providing measures to improve the cross-cultural communication competence in foreign trade business.

  11. ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AS SIGNIFICANT FACTOR IN IMPLEMENTATION OF TQM - EXPERIENCE IN SERBIAN ECONOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Nikolić

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The theory has confirmed the view that the appropriate organizational culture enables success in implementation of Total Quality Management (TQM. Conducted research points on characteristics of organizational culture in the relevant sample of enterprises in Serbia. The factors of the organization that affect on shaping the organizational culture of the business system were separated by using analytical approach. This creates the basis for the designing model of necessary changes in the organizational culture that ensures successful implementation of TQM.

  12. Automatic Camera Calibration for Cultural Heritage Applications Using Unstructured Planar Objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, K.; Kalisperakis, I.; Grammatikopoulos, L.; Karras, G.; Petsa, E.

    2013-07-01

    As a rule, image-based documentation of cultural heritage relies today on ordinary digital cameras and commercial software. As such projects often involve researchers not familiar with photogrammetry, the question of camera calibration is important. Freely available open-source user-friendly software for automatic camera calibration, often based on simple 2D chess-board patterns, are an answer to the demand for simplicity and automation. However, such tools cannot respond to all requirements met in cultural heritage conservation regarding possible imaging distances and focal lengths. Here we investigate the practical possibility of camera calibration from unknown planar objects, i.e. any planar surface with adequate texture; we have focused on the example of urban walls covered with graffiti. Images are connected pair-wise with inter-image homographies, which are estimated automatically through a RANSAC-based approach after extracting and matching interest points with the SIFT operator. All valid points are identified on all images on which they appear. Provided that the image set includes a "fronto-parallel" view, inter-image homographies with this image are regarded as emulations of image-to-world homographies and allow computing initial estimates for the interior and exterior orientation elements. Following this initialization step, the estimates are introduced into a final self-calibrating bundle adjustment. Measures are taken to discard unsuitable images and verify object planarity. Results from practical experimentation indicate that this method may produce satisfactory results. The authors intend to incorporate the described approach into their freely available user-friendly software tool, which relies on chess-boards, to assist non-experts in their projects with image-based approaches.

  13. A longitudinal study of the effects of charismatic leadership and organizational culture on objective and perceived corporate performance.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilderom, C.P.M.; Berg, van den P.T.; Wiersma, U.J.

    2012-01-01

    We investigated the combined effects of charismatic leadership and organizational culture on perceived and objective company performance using a longitudinal design. Employees (N = 1214) in 46 branches of a large Dutch bank rated branch management on charismatic leadership, organizational culture in

  14. Adenovirus respiratory infection: significant increase in diagnosis using PCR comparing with antigen detection and culture methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elenice Stroparo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Adenovirus (AdV respiratory infections are usually described as being associated with high mortality rates. Laboratory diagnosis is essential for the establishment of the appropriate therapy, and for guiding the implementation of preventive measures in order to prevent the spread of the infection. Aiming to analyze the sensitivity and specificity of the laboratorial diagnosis methods available, we compared antigen detection by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IF, and a specific nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR, to detect AdV in respiratory samples collected from patients admitted to hospital with acute respiratory disease. Positive samples were inoculated into a cell culture to confirm the results. We analyzed 381 samples from the nasopharyngeal aspirates collected during the year 2008; of these, 2.6% tested were positive for adenovirus through IF and 10% through PCR; positive isolation was obtained in 40% and 26% of these cases, respectively. Most infected patients were children under six months of age, and despite of the fact that a significant number of patients required intensive care, the mortality rate was low (5%. In conclusion, molecular methods were found to be useful for rapid diagnosis of adenovirus infections with higher sensitivity than antigen detection; their introduction permitted a significant increase in diagnoses of adenovirus infections.

  15. Underwater reflectance transformation imaging: a technology for in situ underwater cultural heritage object-level recording

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selmo, David; Sturt, Fraser; Miles, James; Basford, Philip; Malzbender, Tom; Martinez, Kirk; Thompson, Charlie; Earl, Graeme; Bevan, George

    2017-01-01

    There is an increasing demand for high-resolution recording of in situ underwater cultural heritage. Reflectance transformation imaging (RTI) has a proven track record in terrestrial contexts for acquiring high-resolution diagnostic data at small scales. The research presented here documents the first adaptation of RTI protocols to the subaquatic environment, with a scuba-deployable method designed around affordable off-the-shelf technologies. Underwater RTI (URTI) was used to capture detail from historic shipwrecks in both the Solent and the western Mediterranean. Results show that URTI can capture submillimeter levels of qualitative diagnostic detail from in situ archaeological material. In addition, this paper presents the results of experiments to explore the impact of turbidity on URTI. For this purpose, a prototype fixed-lighting semisubmersible RTI photography dome was constructed to allow collection of data under controlled conditions. The signal-to-noise data generated reveals that the RGB channels of underwater digital images captured in progressive turbidity degraded faster than URTI object geometry calculated from them. URTI is shown to be capable of providing analytically useful object-level detail in conditions that would render ordinary underwater photography of limited use.

  16. Hydrogenase activity in aged, nonviable Desulfovibrio vulgaris cultures and its significance in anaerobic biocorrosion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatelus, C; Carrier, P; Saignes, P; Libert, M F; Berlier, Y; Lespinat, P A; Fauque, G; Legall, J

    1987-07-01

    Batch cultures of Desulfovibrio vulgaris stored at 32 degrees C for 10 months have been found to retain 50% of the hydrogenase activity of a 1-day culture. The hydrogenase found in old cultures needs reducing conditions for its activation. Viable cell counts are negative after 6 months, showing that the hydrogenase activity does not depend on the presence of viable cells. These observations are of importance in the understanding of anaerobic biocorrosion of metals caused by depolarization phenomena.

  17. [Beyond Weimar Culture--the significance of the Forman thesis for a cultural approach to the history of science].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trischler, Helmuth; Carson, Cathryn; Kojevnikov, Alexei

    2008-12-01

    '"Forman thesis', published in 1971, argued for a historical linkage among the intellectual atmosphere of Weimar Germany, popular revolts against determinism and materialism, and the creation of the revolutionary new theory of quantum mechanics. Paul Forman's long essay on "Weimar Culture" has shaped research agendas in numerous fields, from the history and philosophy of physics to German history to the sociology of scientific knowledge. Despite its status as a classic and its transformative effect, Weimar Culture has always inspired as much critique as assent. In particular in the history of science, cohorts of students and two generations of scholars have debated the Forman thesis as a conceptual tool for linking scientific change with cultural processes. The Forman thesis raises critical questions for both the ongoing debates over cultural approaches to the history of science and the burgeoning newer scholarship on physics in and beyond Weimar Germany. Exploring these implications has been the aim of a transnational project of the three authors of this article which sheds some light on these debates and briefly introduces the following papers of this special issue devoted to Paul Forman and his seminal works in the history of science.

  18. Study on Significant Mechanisms of Maintenance Culture Among Public Building Users in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Binti Rusli Ezzatul Aifa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Malaysia, a country in Asia, is a fast-growing developing country in its construction so as to fulfil the demands of today. Many buildings, infrastructures and facilities were constructed; however, the necessary support required after construction was disregarded. Maintenance is the key for the system, and culture is the main point of attitude and behaviour towards the maintenance culture. Becoming one of the first class infrastructures in the world is the vision that Malaysia is striving to achieve, and a third mentality from society and organisations should be avoided. However, to achieve this vision, proper maintenance is not enough; a maintenance culture should be applied. Developing a maintenance culture will help obtain the vision quickly and increase the quality of productivity in maintenance. It will also reduce the repair cost and increase responsibility. Malaysia is becoming a first class infrastructure, which is the vision for today; therefore, it needs to avoid a third mentality. Concerning this matter, decisive components of the maintenance culture were studied to identify the types of components that influence the maintenance culture among public building users. The decisive components of maintenance were uncertainty awareness and responsibility; personality/human behaviour and attitude; mind-set/motivation; training; knowledge and learning process; culture trends; management commitment; management of organisation; leadership; fundamental and policy; operating system organisation; the enforcement; laws and rules; and current practice of maintenance methods.

  19. Recent developments in atomic/nuclear methodologies used for the study of cultural heritage objects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Appoloni, Carlos Roberto [Departamento de Fisica, CCE, Universidade Estadual de Londrina - UEL, P.O.Box 6001, CEP 86055-990, Londrina, PR (Brazil)

    2013-05-06

    Archaeometry is an area established in the international community since the 60s, with extensive use of atomic-nuclear methods in the characterization of art, archaeological and cultural heritage objects in general. In Brazil, however, until the early '90s, employing methods of physics, only the area of archaeological dating was implemented. It was only after this period that Brazilian groups became involved in the characterization of archaeological and art objects with these methodologies. The Laboratory of Applied Nuclear Physics, State University of Londrina (LFNA/UEL) introduced, pioneered in 1994, Archaeometry and related issues among its priority lines of research, after a member of LFNA has been involved in 1992 with the possibilities of tomography in archaeometry, as well as the analysis of ancient bronzes by EDXRF. Since then, LFNA has been working with PXRF and Portable Raman in several museums in Brazil, in field studies of cave paintings and in the laboratory with material sent by archaeologists, as well as carrying out collaborative work with new groups that followed in this area. From 2003/2004 LAMFI/DFN/IFUSP and LIN/COPPE/UFRJ began to engage in the area, respectively with methodologies using ion beams and PXRF, then over time incorporating other techniques, followed later by other groups. Due to the growing number of laboratories and institutions/archaeologists/conservators interested in these applications, in may 2012 was created a network of available laboratories, based at http://www.dfn.if.usp.br/lapac. It will be presented a panel of recent developments and applications of these methodologies by national groups, as well as a sampling of what has been done by leading groups abroad.

  20. Recent developments in atomic/nuclear methodologies used for the study of cultural heritage objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appoloni, Carlos Roberto

    2013-05-01

    Archaeometry is an area established in the international community since the 60s, with extensive use of atomic-nuclear methods in the characterization of art, archaeological and cultural heritage objects in general. In Brazil, however, until the early '90s, employing methods of physics, only the area of archaeological dating was implemented. It was only after this period that Brazilian groups became involved in the characterization of archaeological and art objects with these methodologies. The Laboratory of Applied Nuclear Physics, State University of Londrina (LFNA/UEL) introduced, pioneered in 1994, Archaeometry and related issues among its priority lines of research, after a member of LFNA has been involved in 1992 with the possibilities of tomography in archaeometry, as well as the analysis of ancient bronzes by EDXRF. Since then, LFNA has been working with PXRF and Portable Raman in several museums in Brazil, in field studies of cave paintings and in the laboratory with material sent by archaeologists, as well as carrying out collaborative work with new groups that followed in this area. From 2003/2004 LAMFI/DFN/IFUSP and LIN/COPPE/UFRJ began to engage in the area, respectively with methodologies using ion beams and PXRF, then over time incorporating other techniques, followed later by other groups. Due to the growing number of laboratories and institutions/archaeologists/conservators interested in these applications, in may 2012 was created a network of available laboratories, based at http://www.dfn.if.usp.br/lapac. It will be presented a panel of recent developments and applications of these methodologies by national groups, as well as a sampling of what has been done by leading groups abroad.

  1. Study on Significant Mechanisms of Maintenance Culture Among Public Building Users in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Binti Rusli Ezzatul Aifa; Othuman Mydin Md Azree; Abdullah Shardy

    2014-01-01

    Malaysia, a country in Asia, is a fast-growing developing country in its construction so as to fulfil the demands of today. Many buildings, infrastructures and facilities were constructed; however, the necessary support required after construction was disregarded. Maintenance is the key for the system, and culture is the main point of attitude and behaviour towards the maintenance culture. Becoming one of the first class infrastructures in the world is the vision that Malaysia is striving to ...

  2. Incorporating social and cultural significance of large old trees in conservation policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blicharska, Malgorzata; Mikusiński, Grzegorz

    2014-12-01

    In addition to providing key ecological functions, large old trees are a part of a social realm and as such provide numerous social-cultural benefits to people. However, their social and cultural values are often neglected when designing conservation policies and management guidelines. We believe that awareness of large old trees as a part of human identity and cultural heritage is essential when addressing the issue of their decline worldwide. Large old trees provide humans with aesthetic, symbolic, religious, and historic values, as well as concrete tangible benefits, such as leaves, branches, or nuts. In many cultures particularly large trees are treated with reverence. Also, contemporary popular culture utilizes the image of trees as sentient beings and builds on the ancient myths that attribute great powers to large trees. Although the social and cultural role of large old trees is usually not taken into account in conservation, accounting for human-related values of these trees is an important part of conservation policy because it may strengthen conservation by highlighting the potential synergies in protecting ecological and social values.

  3. Musical Objects, Cross-Domain Correspondences, and Cultural Choice: Commentary on “Cross-Cultural Representations of Musical Shape” by George Athanasopoulos and Nikki Moran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zohar Eitan

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The target article illustrates deep cross-cultural gaps, involving not only the representation of musical shape but also the notion of a musical object itself. Yet, numerous empirical findings suggest that important cross-modal correspondences involving music and visual dimensions are inborn or learned at infancy, prior to the acquisition of language and most culture-specific behavior. Drawing on recent empirical work, the commentary attempts to reconcile this apparent disparity.

  4. China’s Peaceful Development Road: Cultural Foundation, Strategic Orientation and Practical Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Xi

    2015-01-01

    Unswervingly pursuing the peaceful development road is the strategic choice made by the Government and people of China based on a development trend of the times and the national fundamental interests. As the traditional cultural origin of China’s peaceful development road, "harmony" is one constant principle permeated through China’s culture, and is true life for China humanistic spirit. "valuable harmony", "harmony without blind following", "harmony between heaven and man" are three important aspects of "harmony"-- thinking ideological connotation of China’s culture. The practice has proved that as the national long-term development strategy, the peaceful development road is the development road adapted to China’s conditions and era features, and has made outstanding contributions to peace and development of China and the world at large.

  5. On Significance of Cross-cultural Communication in International Business-Specified on Accounting Internationalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洁

    2011-01-01

    There is limited information about intercultural communication during the process of accounting internationalization,and Chinese accounting still has a long way to go because of the disparity in accounting principles,business culture and so on.This paper talks about the necessity of accounting internationalization and the importance of intercultural communication skill,aiming at reminding people that a good command of intercultural communication skill is a must.Some suggestions are given in hope of contributing to cross-cultural communication during the process of Chinese accounting internationalization.

  6. Nano-objects as biomaterials: immense opportunities, significant challenges and the important use of surface analytical methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baer, Donald R.; Shutthanandan, Vaithiyalingam

    2017-05-30

    Nano-sized objects are increasingly important as biomaterials and their surfaces play critical roles in determining their beneficial or deleterious behaviors in biological systems. Important characteristics of nanomaterials that impact their application in many areas are described with a strong focus on the importance of particle surfaces and surface characterization. Understanding aspects of the inherent nature of nano-objects and the important role that surfaces play in these applications is a universal need for any research or product development using such materials in biological applications. The role of surface analysis methods in collecting critical information about the nature of particle surfaces and physicochemical properties of nano-objects is described along with the importance of including sample history and analysis results in a record of provenance information regarding specific batches of nano-objects.

  7. Adult Learners' Perceptions of the Significance of Culture in Foreign Language Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks-Lewis, Kimberly Anne

    2014-01-01

    Is learning about culture important when learning a foreign language? One would think that after its long history in the field of foreign language teaching this question had been answered with a resounding "yes". However, I saw little evidence of this in the classroom when I returned to the university to learn a foreign language or when…

  8. [The difficult concept of "internal objects" (1934-1943). Its significance for the formation of the Klein group].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinshelwood, R D

    1996-06-01

    Although the concept of "inner objects" developed by Melanie Klein is hardly a major object of discussion today, it caused a furore in the ranks of the British Psychoanalytical Society in the thirties and forties. Notably the analysts from Vienna were unable to agree to the existence of inner objects engendered via processes of internalisation. The author traces the course of these discussions of a clinical problem and the confusion they caused, placing them at the same time in a specific historical context. He sees the controversy as the expression of conflicts and fears unsettling the British Psychoanalytical Society during that period, caused on the one hand by the necessary integration of the exiled Freud family and on the other by tensions within its own ranks leading ultimately to a division of the Society and the constitution of the Klein Group.

  9. Investigation of the significance of the 'body effect' on sensitivity to metallic objects in a walk-through metal detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsh, L. A.; Makkonen, J.; Vihonen, J.; Visa, A.; Järvi, A.; Armitage, D. W.; Peyton, A. J.

    2013-06-01

    An investigation has been carried out to determine the extent to which a walk-through metal detection system is affected by the capacitive and inductive coupling between candidates' bodies and the coil array - known as the 'body effect'. In this experiment both small and large items are investigated to determine ratio of the signal contribution from the candidate compared to the object, and a comparison is made between the response of a small object both with and without the candidate. Also an experiment is presented to demonstrate the inductive / capacitive nature of this signal.

  10. Significant geological engineering assessment salt massif, using them as a medium for the construction of underground objects for different purposes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bosevskaja L,P.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available At present time rock salt bodies are considered to be not only an object for mining operations (rock salt but also a favorable geological environment for allocating different under-ground objects. Yet to this day there is no generally accepted synergetic system of engineering-geological estimation of rock salt bodies. In the paper given they propose underlying principles of system approach to solving issues of keeping equilibrium system under creating man-caused cavities of different purposes in rock salt bodies.

  11. Documentality, Aesthetics, Control: Television Criticism and Its Cultural Significance of the 1980s in Mainland China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang Chang

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Using the media framing theory and the method of textual analysis, this paper scans and discusses the 294 critiques published between 1980 and 1989 on Popular Television, one of the most influential TV magazines in 1980s’ China. Three dominant frames/discourses are discovered: realism, aestheticism, control. After consideration and interpretation, this paper points out that even enough critics used different frames to express their opinion about the role of television in modern society, they possessed a common consensus: television should be first and foremost considered as a cultural organization, rather than an entertaining media. Such a strong interventionist and mild elitist view greatly influenced China’s television culture of the 1980s.

  12. A SEM-EDS Study of Cultural Heritage Objects with Interpretation of Constituents and Their Distribution Using PARC Data Analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoek, van C.J.G.; Roo, M.; Veer, van der G.; Laan, der S.R.

    2011-01-01

    Two cultural heritage objects studied with scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) are presented in this article: (1) archeological iron present in a soil sample and (2) a chip from a purple-colored area of an undisclosed 17th century painting. Novel PARC software was used

  13. Aspects of Cultural Landscape Application on Classical Stage Art. Ballet Performance in the Open Space as a Significant Element of the Cultural Landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Lebedeva

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the applications aspects of cultural landscape for the preparation of the classical performing arts staging. Research findings highlighted that the cultural landscape (parks, estates, castles, bastions, etc. objects occupies an increasingly important role in public recreation and classical art development programs. At the same time it is noted that event’s aesthetic and emotional quality suffers due to the fact that no specific attention was given for the preparation of the event space. More methodological materials are necessary for preparation of this type of design spaces. In Lithuania classical performing arts events in cultural landscape open spaces are based on XVI–XVII century tradition and has good prospects for modern development. A review of some of the classical art events installations, based on the importance of quality of open spaces influence on the emotional impact, that should be an integral part of the cultural event. The author summarizes his experience of ballet events in open spaces in the cultural landscape – Klaipėda, Trakai. Presented is Tchaikovsky's ballet “Swan Lake” construction in Klaipėda John Hill project that includes infrastructure and environmental design concept: audience space, stage design, stage design performance solutions. Analogous key decisions are later adapted to the ballet performance in the natural environment of the lake Trakai. Experience of this project dictated the necessity of deeper understanding and methodological basis for the classical performing arts analysis and design.

  14. A Discussion on Regional Culture and Realistic Significance of Bo Culture%简论亳文化的地域特色与现实意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立驰; 程立中

    2011-01-01

    Bo culture is a well-knit regional cultural system with distinctive and rich in meaning,and it was born and gradually develops into a distinct culture mode in the specific geography and cultural environment.During the long process of its evolution,it has incorporated the rich regional features of innovation,inclusion and reality.In building a harmonious society and promoting the social,economic and cultural development,it is of realistic significance in carrying out Bo culture research.%亳文化是一个特点鲜明、内涵丰富、自成体系的地域文化,是在特定的地理、人文环境下,孕育、诞生并不断成长、壮大起来的一种特殊的文化样式。她在长期的流变过程中,形成了创新、包容、现实等浓郁的地域特色。在构建和谐社会、促进皖北社会经济文化大发展的今天,深入开展亳文化研究具有重要的现实意义。

  15. Gender differences and regionalization of the cultural significance of wild mushrooms around La Malinche volcano, Tlaxcala, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montoya, A; Torres-García, E A; Kong, A; Estrada-Torres, A; Caballero, J

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the cultural significance of wild mushrooms in 10 communities on the slopes of La Malinche volcano, Tlaxcala. The frequency and order of mention of each mushroom species in interviews of 200 individuals were used as indicators of the relative cultural significance of each species. A X(2) analysis was used to compare the frequency of mention of each species between males and females, and a Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the difference in the total number of fungi mentioned by either gender. Traditional names for mushroom species were documented and frequency of mention assessed through multivariate statistics. The fungi with highest frequency of mention were Amanita basii, Lyophyllum decastes, Boletus pinophilus, Gomphus floccosus and Cantharellus cibarius complex. We found significant differences in the frequency of mention of different fungi by males and females but no significant difference was found for the total number of fungi mentioned by either gender. Principal component analysis suggested a cultural regionalization of La Malinche volcano communities based on preferences for consumption and use of traditional names. We observed two groups: one formed by communities on the eastern part of the volcano (with mixed cultures) and the other including communities on the western slope (ethnic Nahua towns). San Isidro Buensuceso is the most distinct community, according to the criteria in this study.

  16. Nutritionally "Empty" but "Full" of Meanings: The Socio-Cultural Significance of Birthday Cakes in Four Early Childhood Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albon, Deborah

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the socio-cultural significance of birthday cakes with the purpose of reflecting upon birthday cake practices enacted in four early childhood settings in England. I argue that birthday cakes occupy an ambiguous place in early childhood practice: seen to be both "risky"--a term I problematise--"and"…

  17. The significance of 'facilitator as a change agent'--organisational learning culture in aged care home settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grealish, Laurie; Henderson, Amanda; Quero, Fritz; Phillips, Roslyn; Surawski, May

    2015-04-01

    To explore the impact of an educational programme focused on social behaviours and relationships on organisational learning culture in the residential aged care context. The number of aged care homes will continue to rise as the frail older elderly live longer, requiring more formal care and support. As with other small- to medium-sized health services, aged care homes are faced with the challenge of continuous development of the workforce and depend upon registered nurses to lead staff development. A mixed-method evaluation research design was used to determine the impact of an educational programme focused on social aspects of learning on organisational learning culture. One hundred and fifty-nine (pre) and 143 (post) participants from three aged care homes completed the Clinical Learning Organisational Culture survey, and three participant-researcher registered nurse clinical educators provided regular journal entries for review. While each site received the same educational programme over a six-month period, the change in organisational learning culture at each site was notably different. Two aged care homes had significant improvements in affiliation, one in accomplishment and one in recognition. The educators' journals differed in the types of learning observed and interventions undertaken, with Eucalyptus focused on organisational change, Grevillea focused on group (student) change and the Wattle focused on individual or situational change. Clinical educator activities appear to have a significant effect on organisational learning culture, with a focus on the organisational level having the greatest positive effect on learning culture and on individual or situational level having a limited effect. Clinical educator facilitation that is focused on organisational rather than individual interests may offer a key to improving organisational learning culture. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. Abner Doubleday, Marc Bloch, and the cultural significance of baseball in rural America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaught, David

    2011-01-01

    In 1907 baseball's promoters decreed that Civil War hero Abner Doubleday created the game in the village of Cooperstown, New York, in 1839. Baseball thus acquired a distinctly rural American origin and a romantic pastoral appeal. Skeptics have since presented irrefutable evidence that America's pastime was neither born in the United States nor was a product of rural life. But in their zeal to debunk the myth of baseball's rural beginnings, historians have fallen prey to what Annales School founder Marc Bloch famously called the "idol of origins," and all but neglected the very real phenomenon of rural baseball itself. The claim that baseball has always been "a city game for city men" does not stand up to empirical scrutiny anymore than the Doubleday myth itself, as this address demonstrates with three case studies -- Cooperstown in the 1830s, Davisville, California, in the 1880s, and Milroy, Minnesota, in the 1950s. Baseball may have been a source of rural nostalgia for city people, but it was the sport of choice for farmers and a powerful cultural agent.

  19. Determination of clinical significance of coagulase-negative staphylococci in blood cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakullukçu, Asiye; Kuşkucu, Mert Ahmet; Ergin, Sevgi; Aygün, Gökhan; Midilli, Kenan; Küçükbasmaci, Ömer

    2017-03-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the criteria used to distinguish coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) bacteremia from contamination. We evaluated 162 adult patients with CoNS-positive blood cultures (BCs). Of the 162 patients, 35 (21.6%) had at least 2 positive BCs and 127 (78.4%) had a single positive BC. According to the Laboratory-Confirmed Bloodstream Infection (LCBI) criteria, 24 (14.8%) patients with the same species of CoNS had true bacteremia, and 138 (85.2%) patients had contaminants. Despite the detection of the same CoNS species, 9 of the 24 patients had different CoNS genotypes. Using clinical assessments, only 20 patients were diagnosed with true bacteremia, 8 of them had a single positive BC. We concluded that only using the LCBI criteria or clinical evaluations of a patient were not sufficient to distinguish CoNS bacteremia from contamination. Molecular identification should also be performed as a diagnostic laboratory parameter for CoNS bacteremia.

  20. 77 FR 42790 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “The Last Days of Pompeii...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ..., Apocalypse, Resurrection'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... ``The Last Days of Pompeii: Decadence, Apocalypse, Resurrection,'' imported from abroad for temporary...

  1. 78 FR 62935 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “A Loan From the Vatican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ...: Madonna and Child With Saint John the Baptist and Saint Mary Magdalene'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given...: Madonna and Child with Saint John the Baptist and Saint Mary Magdalene,'' imported from abroad...

  2. 77 FR 75253 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Wait, Later This Will Be...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    ...: Editions by Dieter Roth'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... Nothing: Editions by Dieter Roth,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United...

  3. Mycoplasma hominis: an incidental but significant finding by routine bacteriological culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gertsen, Jan Berg; Schønheyder, Henrik Carl

    2009-01-01

    & metronidazole (6 days) Clindamycin: S Tetracycline: S 2 31 Elective caesarean section Intraperitoneal abscess Surgical site infection Cefuroxime & metronidazole (8 days) MIC moxifloxacin: 0.047 μg/mL MIC ciprofloxacin: 0.094 μg/mLTetracycline: S Clindamycin: R 3 35 Vaginal delivery (complicated by uterine......Objectives: M. hominis is part of the normal mucosal flora and is primarily associated with infections in the genitourinary tract. Most infections occur following delivery or genitourinary instrumentation, but are also seen in immunocompromised patients. We present 4 cases diagnosed by routine...... in the genitourinary tract or endometritis. M. hominis infection was preceded by one instance of either caesarean section, vaginal hysterectomy, or a complicated vaginal delivery. The fourth patient was admitted at term with PROM and signs of chorioamnionitis and developed endometritis postpartum. The patients did...

  4. A cultural side effect: Learning to read interferes with identity processing of familiar objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regine eKolinsky

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Based on the neuronal recycling hypothesis (Dehaene & Cohen, 2007, we examined whether reading acquisition has a cost for the recognition of nonlinguistic visual materials. More specifically, we checked whether the ability to discriminate between mirror images, which develops through literacy acquisition, interferes with object identity judgments, and whether interference strength varies as a function of the nature of the nonlinguistic material. To these aims we presented illiterate, late literate (who learned to read at adult age, and early literate adults with an orientation-independent, identity-based same-different comparison task in which they had to respond same to both physically identical and mirrored or plane-rotated images of pictures of familiar objects (Experiment 1 or of geometric shapes (Experiment 2. Interference from irrelevant orientation variations was stronger with plane rotations than with mirror images, and stronger with geometric shapes than with objects. Illiterates were the only participants almost immune to mirror variations, but only for familiar objects. Thus, the process of unlearning mirror-image generalization, necessary to acquire literacy in the Latin alphabet, has a cost for a basic function of the visual ventral object recognition stream, i.e., identification of familiar objects. This demonstrates that neural recycling is not just an adaptation to multi-use but a process of at least partial exaptation.

  5. Antifungal activity of Helichrysum italicum (Roth G. Don (Asteraceae essential oil against fungi isolated from cultural heritage objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stupar Miloš

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There is considerable interest in the use of essential oils as alternative methods to control micromycetes from cultural heritage objects. We investigated the chemical composition and antifungal activity of the essential oil of Helichrysum italicum. The main components of the oil were γ-curcumene (22.45%, α-pinene (15.91 % and neryl acetate (7.85 %. H. italicum essential oil showed moderate antifungal activity against fungi isolated from cultural heritage objects. The most susceptible fungi to oil treatment were Epicoccum nigrum and Penicillium sp., while the most resistant was Trichoderma viride. The H. italicum essential oil showed demelanizing activity against Aspergillus niger. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 173032

  6. Cultural and Species Differences in Gazing Patterns for Marked and Decorated Objects: A Comparative Eye-Tracking Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mühlenbeck, Cordelia; Jacobsen, Thomas; Pritsch, Carla; Liebal, Katja

    2017-01-01

    Objects from the Middle Paleolithic period colored with ochre and marked with incisions represent the beginning of non-utilitarian object manipulation in different species of the Homo genus. To investigate the visual effects caused by these markings, we compared humans who have different cultural backgrounds (Namibian hunter–gatherers and German city dwellers) to one species of non-human great apes (orangutans) with respect to their perceptions of markings on objects. We used eye-tracking to analyze their fixation patterns and the durations of their fixations on marked and unmarked stones and sticks. In an additional test, humans evaluated the objects regarding their aesthetic preferences. Our hypotheses were that colorful markings help an individual to structure the surrounding world by making certain features of the environment salient, and that aesthetic appreciation should be associated with this structuring. Our results showed that humans fixated on the marked objects longer and used them in the structural processing of the objects and their background, but did not consistently report finding them more beautiful. Orangutans, in contrast, did not distinguish between object and background in their visual processing and did not clearly fixate longer on the markings. Our results suggest that marking behavior is characteristic for humans and evolved as an attention-directing rather than aesthetic benefit. PMID:28167923

  7. Cultural and Species Differences in Gazing Patterns for Marked and Decorated Objects: A Comparative Eye-Tracking Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mühlenbeck, Cordelia; Jacobsen, Thomas; Pritsch, Carla; Liebal, Katja

    2017-01-01

    Objects from the Middle Paleolithic period colored with ochre and marked with incisions represent the beginning of non-utilitarian object manipulation in different species of the Homo genus. To investigate the visual effects caused by these markings, we compared humans who have different cultural backgrounds (Namibian hunter-gatherers and German city dwellers) to one species of non-human great apes (orangutans) with respect to their perceptions of markings on objects. We used eye-tracking to analyze their fixation patterns and the durations of their fixations on marked and unmarked stones and sticks. In an additional test, humans evaluated the objects regarding their aesthetic preferences. Our hypotheses were that colorful markings help an individual to structure the surrounding world by making certain features of the environment salient, and that aesthetic appreciation should be associated with this structuring. Our results showed that humans fixated on the marked objects longer and used them in the structural processing of the objects and their background, but did not consistently report finding them more beautiful. Orangutans, in contrast, did not distinguish between object and background in their visual processing and did not clearly fixate longer on the markings. Our results suggest that marking behavior is characteristic for humans and evolved as an attention-directing rather than aesthetic benefit.

  8. 'Wax bloom' on beeswax cultural heritage objects: Exploring the causes of the phenomenon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartl, B; Kobera, L; Drábková, K; Ďurovič, M; Brus, J

    2015-07-01

    The term 'wax bloom' is used to describe a thin whitish crystalline layer that develops on the surface of beeswax objects under specific conditions. This phenomenon is undesirable, especially in the cases of objects with aesthetic or informational value, such as wax sculptures or historical seals. A combination of solid-state NMR and FTIR measurements allowed to obtain fairly detailed insight into the problem and to suggest a probable mechanism of its development. Secondary crystallization of unsaturated hydrocarbons from beeswax was determined as a primary cause. After the macroscopic solidification of beeswax from the melt, these molecules remain for months in a highly mobile, liquid-like state. This facilitates their diffusion to the surface, where they eventually crystallize, forming the 'wax bloom' effect. Although these results are of particular interest with respect to the conservation of beeswax artifacts, they are relevant to this material in general and help with understanding its unique properties.

  9. Potential consequences of ion beam analysis on objects from our cultural heritage: An appraisal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zucchiatti, Alessandro, E-mail: alessandro.zucchiatti@uam.es [Centro de Micro Analisis de Materiales, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, c/Faraday 3, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Agullo-Lopez, Fernando [Centro de Micro Analisis de Materiales, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, c/Faraday 3, 28049 Madrid (Spain)

    2012-05-01

    The archaeometric application of IBA is possible because in the majority of cases the working conditions are such that no damage and in particular visible damage is produced on the valuable unique samples. Obviously this does not mean that cultural heritage materials do not experience, like all other, the probe-target interaction and effects, but that the interaction is controllable and kept below safe limits. This work has aimed at establishing within which limits the potential damage is negligible or the analysis is viable on the basis of the benefit/cost ratio, making use of the information which is available not only from archaeometry but also from the more 'aggressive' materials science applications of ion beams.

  10. When ancestral heritage is a source of discomfort: culture, pre-object relatedness, and self-alienation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kradin, Richard L

    2012-04-01

    The ancestral claims on an individual can evoke mental conflict when they involve separating from an ethnic group whose beliefs and customs are devalued by the dominant culture. However, these claims are engraved on the psyche early in development by caretakers to the level of pre-object relatedness, where contents and affect tones are implicit and may be unavailable for later psychoanalytical interventions. In addition, as the anthropologist Clifford Geertz notes, one's culture of origin precedes the development of psyche and creates its own set of claims that must be renegotiated when one encounters a different domain of cultural symbols, a confrontation that can produce psychological dissonance and self-alienation. In this paper, three cases are examined in which mental conflicts were evoked by attempts at divesting ancestral claims in response to conscious efforts to assimilate into the dominant culture. These patients suffered from separation guilt and unstable self-esteem and reported dream imagery suggesting psychological imbalance. The requirement to carefully delineate the ancestral claims on psyche as well as those contents and affects that may not be accessible to therapeutic intervention is emphasized, and the importance of compromise and acceptance with respect to the psychological demands of the unconscious are considered.

  11. Between meaning culture and presence effects: contemporary biomedical objects as a challenge to museums.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Söderqvist, Thomas; Bencard, Adam; Mordhorst, Camilla

    2009-12-01

    The acquisition and display of material artefacts is the raison d'être of museums. But what constitutes a museum artefact? Contemporary medicine (biomedicine) is increasingly producing artefacts that do not fit the traditional museological understanding of what constitutes a material, tangible artefact. Museums today are therefore caught in a paradox. On the one hand, medical science and technologies are having an increasing pervasive impact on the way contemporary life is lived and understood and is therefore a central part of the contemporary world. On the other hand, the objects involved in medical diagnostics and therapies are becoming increasingly invisible and intangible and therefore seem to have no role to play as artefacts in a museum context. Consequently, museums are at risk of becoming alienated from an increasingly important part of contemporary society. This essay elaborates the paradox by employing Gumbrecht's (2004) distinction between 'presence' and 'meaning'.

  12. Filtrate of Phellinus linteus Broth Culture Reduces Infarct Size Significantly in a Rat Model of Permanent Focal Cerebral Ischemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Sakiko; Kawamata, Takakazu; Okada, Yoshikazu; Kobayashi, Tomonori; Nakamura, Tomoyuki; Hori, Tomokatsu

    2011-01-01

    Phellinus linteus, a natural growing mushroom, has been known to exhibit anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and anti-oxidant effects. Aiming to exploit the neuroprotective effects of P. linteus, we evaluated its effects on infarct volume reduction in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to right middle cerebral artery occlusion. Filtrate of P. linteus broth culture (various doses), fractionated filtrate (based on molecular weight) or control medium was administered intraperitoneally to rats before or after ischemia induction. Rats were killed at 24 h after the stroke surgery. Cortical and caudoputaminal infarct volumes were determined separately using an image analysis program following staining with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride. Significant cortical infarct volume reductions were found in the pre-treatment groups (30 and 60 minutes before onset of cerebral ischemia) compared with the control group, showing dose dependence. Posttreatment (30 minutes after ischemic onset) also significantly reduced cortical infarct volume. Furthermore, the higher molecular weight (≥12 000) fraction of the culture filtrate was more effective compared with the lower molecular weight fraction. The present findings suggest that P. linteus may be a new promising approach for the treatment of focal cerebral ischemia, with the additional benefit of a wide therapeutic time window since significant infarct volume reduction is obtained by administration even after the ischemic event. Our finding that the higher molecular weight fraction of the P. linteus culture filtrate demonstrated more prominent effect may provide a clue to identify the neuroprotective substances and mechanisms.

  13. Filtrate of Phellinus linteus Broth Culture Reduces Infarct Size Significantly in a Rat Model of Permanent Focal Cerebral Ischemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakiko Suzuki

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Phellinus linteus, a natural growing mushroom, has been known to exhibit anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and anti-oxidant effects. Aiming to exploit the neuroprotective effects of P. linteus, we evaluated its effects on infarct volume reduction in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to right middle cerebral artery occlusion. Filtrate of P. linteus broth culture (various doses, fractionated filtrate (based on molecular weight or control medium was administered intraperitoneally to rats before or after ischemia induction. Rats were killed at 24 h after the stroke surgery. Cortical and caudoputaminal infarct volumes were determined separately using an image analysis program following staining with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride. Significant cortical infarct volume reductions were found in the pre-treatment groups (30 and 60 minutes before onset of cerebral ischemia compared with the control group, showing dose dependence. Posttreatment (30 minutes after ischemic onset also significantly reduced cortical infarct volume. Furthermore, the higher molecular weight (≥12 000 fraction of the culture filtrate was more effective compared with the lower molecular weight fraction. The present findings suggest that P. linteus may be a new promising approach for the treatment of focal cerebral ischemia, with the additional benefit of a wide therapeutic time window since significant infarct volume reduction is obtained by administration even after the ischemic event. Our finding that the higher molecular weight fraction of the P. linteus culture filtrate demonstrated more prominent effect may provide a clue to identify the neuroprotective substances and mechanisms.

  14. ATTEMPTS TO AUTOMATE THE PROCESS OF GENERATION OF ORTHOIMAGES OF OBJECTS OF CULTURAL HERITAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. S. Markiewicz

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available At present, digital documentation recorded in the form of raster or vector files is the obligatory way of inventorying historical objects. The orthoimage is a cartometric form of photographic presentation of information in the two-dimensional reference system. The paper will discuss the issue of automation of the orthoimage generation basing on the TLS data and digital images. At present attempts are made to apply modern technologies not only for the needs of surveys, but also during the data processing. This paper will present attempts aiming at utilisation of appropriate algorithms and the author’s application for automatic generation of the projection plane, for the needs of acquisition of intensity orthoimages from the TLS data. Such planes are defined manually in the majority of popular TLS data processing applications. A separate issue related to the RGB image generation is the orientation of digital images in relation to scans. It is important, in particular in such cases when scans and photographs are not taken simultaneously. This paper will present experiments concerning the utilisation of the SIFT algorithm for automatic matching of intensity orthoimages of the intensity and digital (RGB photographs. Satisfactory results of the process of automation, as well as in relation to the quality of resulting orthoimages have been obtained.

  15. Educational x-ray experiments and XRF measurements with a portable setup adapted for the characterization of cultural heritage objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sianoudis, I.; Drakaki, E.; Hein, A.

    2010-05-01

    It is common to modify valuable, sophisticated equipment, originally acquired for other purposes, to adapt it for the needs of educational experiments, with great didactic effectiveness. The present project concerns a setup developed from components of a portable system for energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (EDXRF). Two educational modules have been developed on the basis of this setup. Module 1 comprises a series of x-ray laboratory exercises investigating basic principles, such as the verification of Moseley's law, Compton's law and the Lambert-Beer law. Module 2 concerns the calibration of the XRF with reference materials, aiming to get quantitative measurements of the elemental composition of objects of cultural interest. The application of the calibrated experimental setup is demonstrated with indicative measurements of metal objects and pigments of wall paintings, in order to discuss their spectra, and their qualitative and quantitative analyses. The setup and the applied experiments are designed as an educational package of laboratory exercises on the one hand for students in natural sciences, and on the other for the education of students who will work in the field of cultural heritage, such as conservation science or archaeological science.

  16. Educational x-ray experiments and XRF measurements with a portable setup adapted for the characterization of cultural heritage objects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sianoudis, I [Department of Physics Chemistry and Material Technology, Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Athens, Ag. Spyridonos 12210 Egaleo (Greece); Drakaki, E [Department of Physics, NTUA, Athens 15780 (Greece); Hein, A [Institute of Materials Science, N.C.S.R. Demokritos, 15 310 Aghia Paraskevi (Greece)], E-mail: jansian@teiath.gr, E-mail: edrakaki@gmail.com, E-mail: hein@ims.demokritos.gr

    2010-05-15

    It is common to modify valuable, sophisticated equipment, originally acquired for other purposes, to adapt it for the needs of educational experiments, with great didactic effectiveness. The present project concerns a setup developed from components of a portable system for energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (EDXRF). Two educational modules have been developed on the basis of this setup. Module 1 comprises a series of x-ray laboratory exercises investigating basic principles, such as the verification of Moseley's law, Compton's law and the Lambert-Beer law. Module 2 concerns the calibration of the XRF with reference materials, aiming to get quantitative measurements of the elemental composition of objects of cultural interest. The application of the calibrated experimental setup is demonstrated with indicative measurements of metal objects and pigments of wall paintings, in order to discuss their spectra, and their qualitative and quantitative analyses. The setup and the applied experiments are designed as an educational package of laboratory exercises on the one hand for students in natural sciences, and on the other for the education of students who will work in the field of cultural heritage, such as conservation science or archaeological science.

  17. Educational X-ray experiments and XRF measurements with a modified, mobile system adapted for characterization of Cultural Heritage objects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sianoudis, Ioannis [Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Athens, Dept. of Physics Chemistry and Material Technology, Egaleo (Greece); Drakaki, Eleni [Physics Dept., NTUA, Athens (Greece); Hein, Anno [Institute of Materials Science, N.C.S.R. Demokritos, Aghia Paraskevi (Greece)

    2009-07-01

    It is common to use valuable, sophisticated equipment, that has been acquired for other use, to be modified, adapted and developed for the needs of additional educational experiments, with greater didactic effectuality. We have developed a system, composed of parts from a portable system for XRF spectroscopy, aiming at: i) the formation of familiar and conventional laboratory exercises, like the verification of Moseley's law, Compton's law and Lambert-Beer's law; ii) the calibration with reference materials of the XRF experimental system, to be applied for accurate measurements of the elemental composition of objects of cultural interest. After the calibration of the experimental setup, indicative measurements of metal objects are shown, in order to discuss their spectra and their qualitative and quantitative analysis. The system and the applied experiments are designed as an educational package of laboratory exercises for students in physical sciences and especially adapted for the education of students who will work with Cultural Heritage, such as conservation scientists and archaeometrists.

  18. Reassessing the cultural and psychopharmacological significance of Banisteriopsis caapi: preparation, classification and use among the Piaroa of Southern Venezuela.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodd, Robin

    2008-09-01

    Recent attention to the monoamine oxidase inhibiting properties of Banisteriopsis caapi's harmala alkaloids has precluded a balanced assessment of B. caapi's overall significance to indigenous South American societies. Relatively little attention has been paid to the cultural contexts, local meanings and patterns of use of B. caapi among snuff-using societies, such as the Piaroa, who do not prepare decoctions containing N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) admixtures. This article reviews the psychopharmacological literature on B. caapi in light of recent ethnographic work conducted among the Piaroa of southern Venezuela. Piaroa shamans use only B. caapi's cambium, identify at least five distinct varieties of B. caapi, and emphasise the plant's importance for heightening empathy. Some Piaroa people also attribute a range of extra-shamanic uses to B. caapi, including as a stimulant and hunting aid. In light of the psychopharmacological complexity of harmala alkaloids, and ethnographic evidence for a wide range of B. caapi uses,future research should reconsider B. caapi's cultural heritage and psychopharmacological potential as a stimulant and antidepressant-like substance.

  19. Development of a technique based on multi-spectral imaging for monitoring the conservation of cultural heritage objects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marengo, Emilio; Manfredi, Marcello; Zerbinati, Orfeo; Robotti, Elisa; Mazzucco, Eleonora; Gosetti, Fabio; Bearman, Greg; France, Fenella; Shor, Pnina

    2011-11-14

    A new approach for monitoring the state of conservation of cultural heritage objects surfaces is being developed. The technique utilizes multi-spectral imaging, multivariate analysis and statistical process control theory for the automatic detection of a possible deterioration process, its localization and identification, and the wavelengths most sensitive to detecting this before the human eye can detect the damage or potential degradation changes occur. A series of virtual degradation analyses were performed on images of parchment in order to test the proposed algorithm in controlled conditions. The spectral image of a Dead Sea Scroll (DSS) parchment, IAA (Israel Antiquities Authority) inventory plate # 279, 4Q501 Apocryphal Lamentations B, taken during the 2008 Pilot of the DSS Digitization Project, was chosen for the simulation.

  20. Determination of some significant batch culture conditions affecting acetyl-xylan esterase production by Penicillium notatum NRRL-1249

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhtar MN

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Acetyl-xylan esterase (AXE, EC 3.1.1.72 hydrolyses acetate group from the linear chain of xylopyranose residues bound by β-1,4-linkage. The enzyme finds commercial applications in bio-bleaching of wood pulp, treating animal feed to increase digestibility, processing food to increase clarification and converting lignocellulosics to feedstock and fuel. In the present study, we report on the production of an extracellular AXE from Penicillium notatum NRRL-1249 by solid state fermentation (SSF. Results Wheat bran at a level of 10 g (with 4 cm bed height was optimized as the basal substrate for AXE production. An increase in enzyme activity was observed when 7.5 ml of mineral salt solution (MSS containing 0.1% KH2PO4, 0.05% KCl, 0.05% MgSO4.7H2O, 0.3% NaNO3, 0.001% FeSO4.2H2O and 0.1% (v/w Tween-80 as an initial moisture content was used. Various nitrogen sources including ammonium sulphate, urea, peptone and yeast extract were compared for enzyme production. Maximal enzyme activity of 760 U/g was accomplished which was found to be highly significant (p ≤ 0.05. A noticeable enhancement in enzyme activity was observed when the process parameters including incubation period (48 h, initial pH (5, 0.2% (w/w urea as nitrogen source and 0.5% (v/w Tween-80 as a stimulator were further optimized using a 2-factorial Plackett-Burman design. Conclusion From the results it is clear that an overall improvement of more than 35% in terms of net enzyme activity was achieved compared to previously reported studies. This is perhaps the first report dealing with the use of P. notatum for AXE production under batch culture SSF. The Plackett-Burman model terms were found highly significant (HS, suggesting the potential commercial utility of the culture used (df = 3, LSD = 0.126.

  1. F.O. Schechtel’s house on bolshaya sadovaya street as an object of cultural heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gatsunaev Konstantin Nikolaevich

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available F.O. Schechtel’s private house on Bolshaya Sadovaya Street in Moscow built in 1910 became a peculiar result of creative activity of the most famous architect of an era of “Silver age” of the Russian culture. The highest professionalism of the architect was expressed not only in composite decisions and the system of decor of the building, but also in organizational and technical aspects of his construction. The former F.O. Schechtel’s mansion for several decades has been one of the centers of Moscow’s cultural life. The memorial value of the house consists not only of its architectural advantages. The building keeps the memory of F.O. Schechtel - a first-class architect, stenographer, illustrator and graphic artist, a master of applied art, a public figure and a teacher. He personified the best qualities of Russian intellectuals: high ethical standards and active living position. The activity of the architect Schechtel was exclusively fruitful both in quantitative, and in qualitative sense. There are about fifty buildings in Moscow which were constructed according to his projects. Each of them comprised opening and generating of a new direction or introduction of new methods of construction. Schechtel gave other architects an opportunity to further develop these methods. The structures built upon Schechtel’s projects in many respects have defined unique lines of Moscow city landscape of the end of 19th - the beginning of the 20th centuries. Numerous relatives of Schechtel lived in the mansion and in its wings in addition to the head of the family. The contribution of each of them to the development of the Russian culture is significant.

  2. 《伤寒论》的经典文化意义%Classical Cultural Significance of Shanghanlun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张胜忠

    2015-01-01

    《伤寒论》作为经典的魅力在于:①所述“真理”的永恒。原著文本对中医学理论和临床具有长期深远、普遍确切的指导意义;②思想智慧的传承启迪。《伤寒论》激发、激励、激活了后世医家对原著文本的深入思索、深刻理解和深度阐述,其包含的思辩精神概括体现了中国传统文化的思维特征和哲学特性。%Shanghanlun as a classical charm lies in ①the eternal of the 〞truth〞. The text of the original text to the Chinese medicine theory and clinical has long reaching,universal and precise guiding significance. ②Shanghanlun motivate and activate the original text in-depth thinking,deep understanding and elaborated in depth of physicians of later generations. It contains speculative generalization spirit reflects the Chinese traditional cultural characteristics in thinking and philosophical characteristics.

  3. Tang-Song or Song-Ming: The Significance of a Perspective Shift in Chinese Cultural and Intellectual History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ge Zhaoguang

    2006-01-01

    Discussions on the contrast between the Tang and Song dynasties are common in Chinese cultural and intellectual history.Will it make more sense if the continuity between Song and Ming are emphasized instead? This shift in research perspective will have multiple effects.Instead of paying exclusive attention to the elites and classics,we will focus on common knowledge,thoughts,and beliefs.As a result of this shift in the core of our research interests,the process by which ideas and cultural novelties are institutionalized,popularized,and "conventionalized" will become an important focus of historical research.Shifting our concern from the "original thinking" of the Tang and Song to the "compromise thinking" of the Song and Ming will cause an increase in the kinds of documents about cultural and intellectual history.Such changes in periodization and research perspective can stimulate fundamental changes in the study of Chinese cultural and intellectual history.

  4. Optimization design of a gating system for sand casting aluminium A356 using a Taguchi method and multi-objective culture-based QPSO algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Jong Chen

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article combined Taguchi method and analysis of variance with the culture-based quantum-behaved particle swarm optimization to determine the optimal models of gating system for aluminium (Al A356 sand casting part. First, the Taguchi method and analysis of variance were, respectively, applied to establish an L27(38 orthogonal array and determine significant process parameters, including riser diameter, pouring temperature, pouring speed, riser position and gating diameter. Subsequently, a response surface methodology was used to construct a second-order regression model, including filling time, solidification time and oxide ratio. Finally, the culture-based quantum-behaved particle swarm optimization was used to determine the multi-objective Pareto optimal solutions and identify corresponding process conditions. The results showed that the proposed method, compared with initial casting model, enabled reducing the filling time, solidification time and oxide ratio by 68.14%, 50.56% and 20.20%, respectively. A confirmation experiment was verified to be able to effectively reduce the defect of casting and improve the casting quality.

  5. The cytoskeleton of Drosophila-derived Schneider line-1 and Kc23 cells undergoes significant changes during long-term culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schatten, H.; Hedrick, J.; Chakrabarti, A.

    1998-01-01

    Insect cell cultures derived from Drosophila melanogaster are increasingly being used as an alternative system to mammalian cell cultures, as they are amenable to genetic manipulation. Although Drosophila cells are an excellent tool for the study of genes and expression of proteins, culture conditions have to be considered in the interpretation of biochemical results. Our studies indicate that significant differences occur in cytoskeletal structure during the long-term culture of the Drosophila-derived cell lines Schneider Line-1 (S1) and Kc23. Scanning, transmission-electron, and immunofluorescence microscopy studies reveal that microfilaments, microtubules, and centrosomes become increasingly different during the culture of these cells from 24 h to 7-14 days. Significant cytoskeletal changes are observed at the cell surface where actin polymerizes into microfilaments, during the elongation of long microvilli. Additionally, long protrusions develop from the cell surface; these protrusions are microtubule-based and establish contact with neighboring cells. In contrast, the microtubule network in the interior of the cells becomes disrupted after four days of culture, resulting in altered transport of mitochondria. Microtubules and centrosomes are also affected in a small percent of cells during cell division, indicating an instability of centrosomes. Thus, the cytoskeletal network of microfilaments, microtubules, and centrosomes is affected in Drosophila cells during long-term culture. This implies that gene regulation and post-translational modifications are probably different under different culture conditions.

  6. Objectively-assessed outcome measures: a translation and cross-cultural adaptation procedure applied to the Chedoke McMaster Arm and Hand Activity Inventory (CAHAI)

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Standardised translation and cross-cultural adaptation (TCCA) procedures are vital to describe language translation, cultural adaptation, and to evaluate quality factors of transformed outcome measures. No TCCA procedure for objectively-assessed outcome (OAO) measures exists. Furthermore, no official German version of the Canadian Chedoke Arm and Hand Activity Inventory (CAHAI) is available. Methods An eight-step for TCCA procedure for OAO was developed (TCCA-OAO) based on...

  7. Optimizing in vitro culture conditions leads to a significantly shorter production time of human dermo-epidermal skin substitutes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pontiggia, Luca; Klar, Agnieszka; Böttcher-Haberzeth, Sophie; Biedermann, Thomas; Meuli, Martin; Reichmann, Ernst

    2013-03-01

    Autologous dermo-epidermal skin substitutes (DESS) generated in vitro represent a promising therapeutic means to treat full-thickness skin defects in clinical practice. A serious drawback with regard to acute patients is the relatively long production time of 3-4 weeks. With this experimental study we aimed to decrease the production time of DESS without compromising their quality. Two in vitro steps of DESS construction were varied: the pre-cultivation time of fibroblasts in hydrogels (1, 3, and 6 days), and the culture time of keratinocytes (3, 6, and 12 days) before transplantation of DESS on nude rats. Additionally, the impact of the air-liquid interface culture during 3 days before transplantation was investigated. 3 weeks after transplantation, the macroscopic appearance was evaluated and histological sections were produced to analyze structure and thickness of epidermis and dermis, the stratification of the epidermis, and the presence of a basal lamina. Optimal DESS formation was obtained with a fibroblast pre-cultivation time of 6 days. The minimal culture time of keratinocytes on hydrogels was also 6 days. The air-liquid interface culture did not improve graft quality. By optimizing our in vitro culture conditions, it was possible to very substantially reduce the production time for DESS from 21 to 12 days. However, pre-cultivation of fibroblasts in the dermal equivalent and proliferation of keratinocytes before transplantation remain crucial for an equilibrated maturation of the epidermis and cannot be completely skipped.

  8. SPORT, CULTURE AND LEISURE ENVIRONMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AS A SIGNIFICANT FACTOR OF THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF GENERAL CULTURAL COMPETENCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. L. Volkova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on aspects of the student’s personality development in the learning environment of higher education institutions. Encyclical personal enhancement is a part of modern educative process considered as a human assets investment. Federal State Educational Standards make the personality development easy going along with high educational environment. Out-of-school activities in engineering universities form the methods of creating ways of personal becoming. Out-of-school cultural-mass, physical-training and sports and fitness student activities navigated in Moscow State Technical University “STANKIN” are reviewed in details in the article. A research aimed on the sports, culture and leisure activities improvement and effectiveness was conducted among second - fourth year all training program students. Well-minded communicational skills as the research result were achieved. Thanks suitably matrixed sports, culture and leisure activities, and forming general cultural competences, students’ interests and demands implementation as well as student personality development options were achieved.

  9. Cultural significance of primary teeth for caregivers in Northeast Brazil O significado cultural dos dentes decíduos para cuidadoras no Nordeste do Brasil

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    Marilyn K Nations

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available This anthropological study critically evaluates Brazilian caregivers' symbolic production and significance of their malnourished offspring's primary teeth, as well as their own, and describes popular dental practices. From January to June 2004, ethnographic interviews of 27 poor, low-literacy mothers were conducted at a public Malnutrition Treatment Center in Fortaleza, Ceará State. Participant observation of clinical pathways and home environments supplemented the data. Content analysis was performed. Results confirm that primary teeth are imbued with cultural significance in Northeast Brazil. Mothers examine mouths, perceive signs of decay, associate primary with permanent tooth healthiness, identify ethnodental illnesses, seek assistance, and perform rituals with exfoliated teeth. The mother's motivation to care for primary teeth is sparked by her memories of past toothache and attempts to avoid stigma and discrimination. Social determinants, not mothers' beliefs or behaviors, are the most critical obstacles to effective dental care. Legitimizing lay knowledge and empowering caregivers and children can improve oral health in Northeast Brazil.Este estudo antropológico analisa a produção simbólica de cuidadoras brasileiras sobre a sua dentição e a de seus filhos desnutridos, descrevendo práticas populares de cuidados em saúde bucal. De janeiro a junho de 2004, foram conduzidas entrevistas etnográficas com 27 cuidadoras, numa instituição pública, no tratamento de desnutrição em Fortaleza, Ceará. A observação participante da dinâmica de atendimento e do ambiente domiciliar suplementaram os dados. Foi utilizada a análise temática. Os resultados confirmam que os dentes decíduos são imbuídos de significados culturais no nordeste brasileiro. As mães examinam as bocas dos filhos, percebem sinais de cárie, associam dentes decíduos saudáveis com permanentes hígidos, identificam enfermidades etnodentárias, procuram assist

  10. Evolution and Cultural Significance of "Orphan" Story%论“赵氏孤儿”故事演变及其文化意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉

    2012-01-01

    从《左传》、《史记》开始,至元杂剧、明传奇、各地方剧种、当代戏剧和电影,"赵氏孤儿"的故事一直被当作经典题材而改编。由于时代和作者的不同,"赵氏孤儿"故事在流传发展过程中也产生了不同程度的变化。以若干具有代表性的历史和文学作品为对象,考察"赵氏孤儿"故事的演变及其文化意义。%"Zuo Zhuan", "Historical Records", Yuan Dynasty, Ming legend of local operas, contemporary theaterand film, the story of "Orphan" has always been as a classic theme and adapted. "Orphan" story spread development process due to the times of the different changes of varying degrees. This paper tries to historical and literaryworks of several representative objects to study the evolution and cultural significance of the "orphan" story.

  11. El buscador de Internet como objeto cultural: la perspectiva de los alumnos The Internet search engine as a cultural object: students' perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flora Beatriz Perelman

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Los motores de búsqueda son objetos culturales que presentan, como toda herramienta destinada a la organización y circulación de la información, desafíos de carácter semiótico y epistémico así como sesgos ideológicos. El presente artículo analiza el modo en que alumnos de escuela primaria conceptualizan el modo de funcionamiento de un buscador que usan asiduamente. La perspectiva teórica adoptada considera los aportes de la tradición sociohistórica vigotskiana y del constructivismo relacional piagetiano. El diseño metodológico se inscribe en un estudio cualitativo de casos en el que se emplean dos instrumentos de recolección: observaciones de clase (en el aula y en la sala de informática, y entrevistas clínico-críticas posteriores. Los resultados evidencian que en situaciones didácticas donde el buscador se convierte en objeto de análisis, los alumnos toman conciencia de que la construcción de las palabras clave los ubica en una situación de escritura para un "lector robot" que no coopera en la interpretación. Ante este problema, se proponen usar una sintaxis en la que las palabras se enlazan con signos diversos a los que adjudican funciones vinculadas con sus conocimientos del lenguaje natural. La contradicción se produce porque los motores de búsqueda utilizan una lógica más próxima a las matemáticas.Search engines are cultural objects which represent semiotic and epistemological challenges as well as ideological bias, like every tool destined to the organization and circulation of information. This article analyzes the conceptualizations of elementary school students about a search engine that frequently used. The adopted theoretical perspective considers both the contribution of the Vigotskian sociohistorical tradition and the Piagetian relational constructivism. The methodological design consisted of a qualitative study of cases. Two data collection instruments are used: observations in the classroom and in

  12. Object-Based Teaching and Learning for a Critical Assessment of Digital Technologies in Arts and Cultural Heritage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, M.; Garside, D.; Nelson, T.; Robson, S.; Weyrich, T.

    2017-08-01

    As cultural sector practice becomes increasingly dependent on digital technologies for the production, display, and dissemination of art and material heritage, it is important that those working in the sector understand the basic scientific principles underpinning these technologies and the social, political and economic implications of exploiting them. The understanding of issues in cultural heritage preservation and digital heritage begins in the education of the future stakeholders and the innovative integration of technologies into the curriculum. This paper gives an example of digital technology skills embedded into a module in the interdisciplinary UCL Bachelor of Arts and Sciences, named "Technologies in Arts and Cultural Heritage", at University College London.

  13. Magnetic Gradient Horizontal Operator (MHGO) useful for detecting objects buried at shallow depth: cultural heritage (Villa degli Antonini, Rota Rio)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Filippo, Michele; Di Nezza, Maria

    2016-04-01

    Several factors were taken into consideration in order to appropriately tailor the geophysical explorations at the cultural heritage. Given the fact that each site has been neglected for a long time and in recent times used as an illegal dumping area, we thoroughly evaluated for this investigation the advantages and limitations of each specific technique, and the general conditions and history of the site. We took into account the extension of the areas to be investigated and the need for rapid data acquisition and processing. Furthermore, the survey required instrumentation with sensitivity to small background contrasts and as little as possible affected by background noise sources. In order to ascertain the existence and location of underground buried walls, a magnetic gradiometer survey (MAG) was planned. The map of the magnetic anomalies is not computed to reduction at the pole (RTP), but with a magnetic horizontal gradient operator (MHGO). The magnetic horizontal gradient operator (MHGO) generates from a grid of vertical gradient a grid of steepest slopes (i.e. the magnitude of the gradient) at any point on the surface. The MHGO is reported as a number (rise over run) rather than degrees, and the direction is opposite to that of the slope. The MHGO is zero for a horizontal surface, and approaches infinity as the slope approaches the vertical. The gradient data are especially useful for detecting objects buried at shallow depth. The map reveals some details of the anomalies of the geomagnetic field. Magnetic anomalies due to walls are more evident than in the total intensity map, whereas anomalies due to concentrations of debris are very weak. In this work we describe the results of an investigation obtained with magnetometry investigation for two archaeological sites: "Villa degli Antonini" (Genzano, Rome) and Rota Ria (Mugnano in Teverina, Viterbo). Since the main goal of the investigation was to understand the nature of magnetic anomalies with cost

  14. How early is infants’ attention to objects and actions shaped by culture? New evidence from 24-month-olds raised in the US and China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra R Waxman

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Researchers have proposed that the culture in which we are raised shapes the way that we attend to the objects and events that surround us. What remains unclear, however, is how early any such culturally-inflected differences emerge in development. Here, we address this issue directly, asking how 24-month-old infants from the US and China deploy their attention to objects and actions in dynamic scenes. By analyzing infants’ eye movements while they observed dynamic scenes, the current experiment revealed striking convergences, overall, in infants’ patterns of visual attention in the two communities, but also pinpointed a brief period during which their attention reliably diverged. This divergence, though modest, suggested that infants from the US devoted relatively more attention to the objects and those from China devoted relatively more attention to the actions in which they were engaged. This provides the earliest evidence for strong overlap in infants’ attention to objects and events in dynamic scenes, but also raises the possibility that by 24 months, infants’ attention may also be shaped subtly by the culturally-inflected attentional proclivities characteristic of adults in their cultural communities.

  15. How Early is Infants' Attention to Objects and Actions Shaped by Culture? New Evidence from 24-Month-Olds Raised in the US and China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waxman, Sandra R; Fu, Xiaolan; Ferguson, Brock; Geraghty, Kathleen; Leddon, Erin; Liang, Jing; Zhao, Min-Fang

    2016-01-01

    Researchers have proposed that the culture in which we are raised shapes the way that we attend to the objects and events that surround us. What remains unclear, however, is how early any such culturally-inflected differences emerge in development. Here, we address this issue directly, asking how 24-month-old infants from the US and China deploy their attention to objects and actions in dynamic scenes. By analyzing infants' eye movements while they observed dynamic scenes, the current experiment revealed striking convergences, overall, in infants' patterns of visual attention in the two communities, but also pinpointed a brief period during which their attention reliably diverged. This divergence, though modest, suggested that infants from the US devoted relatively more attention to the objects and those from China devoted relatively more attention to the actions in which they were engaged. This provides the earliest evidence for strong overlap in infants' attention to objects and events in dynamic scenes, but also raises the possibility that by 24 months, infants' attention may also be shaped subtly by the culturally-inflected attentional proclivities characteristic of adults in their cultural communities.

  16. 痰培养丝状真菌阳性的临床意义%Clinical significance of positive sputum culture for filamentous fungi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侍效春; 刘正印; 徐英春; 王爱霞

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical significance of positive sputum culture for filamentous fungi. Methods The medical data of 140 patients positive for filamentous fungi in sputum culture at Peking Union Medical College Hospital were reviewed retrospectively. Based on the diagnostic criteria by European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Mycoses Study Group, invasive pulmonary fungal infection (IPFI) was diagnosed. The clinical characteristics of cases with and without IPFI were analyzed respectively. Results Among all 140 cases positive for filamentous fungi in sputum culture, only 22 cases could be diagnosed as IPFI. Two of 22 IPFI cases were confirmed by post-operative pathology, I case was confirmed by positive blood culture for filamentous fungi and the remaining 19 cases were diagnosed clinically according to the nature of hosts, characteristics of pulmonary infections and microbiological evidence (positive sputum culture for filamentous fungi, 2-5 times for each case). Most of etiological fungi in IPFI patients belonged to Aspergillus. And the identity of isolated fungal strain was mostly one strain for each patient In IPFI group, patients who had been treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics ( 100% ) , steroids ( 13, 59. 1 % ) or immunosuppressant ( 7, 31.8%) or who had pulmonary X-ray imaging changes( 100% ) , primary diseases (21, 95. 5% ), hypoalbuminemia (18, 81. 8% ) or hemoptysis (10, 45. 5% ), were significantly more than those in non-IPFI group ( 66. 9% , 34. 7% , 18. 6% , 79.7% , 72.0%, 45.8% and 4.2% respectively; P < 0.05 for each item) . In IPFI group, itraconazole, amphotericin B and/or voriconazole were administrated, 8 patients (36.4%) were cured and 14 patients (63.6%) passed away. In non-IPFI group, the patients were treated with antibiotics, fluconazole, anti-tuberculosis, steroids or combined with immunosuppressant, chemotherapy or bronchoalveolar lavage; 96 cases (81.4%) were cured or showed improvement, and 22 cases (18

  17. The Effect of Direct Experience with Objects on Middle Class, Culturally Diverse, and Visually Impaired Young Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linn, Marcia C.; Peterson, Rita W.

    1973-01-01

    This study was conducted to analyze the classification ability of middle class, culturally diverse, and visually impaired children after instruction in a Science Curriculum Improvement Study (SCIS) unit. The SCIS unit was effective in improving student abilities to classify. (PS)

  18. Index of Cultural Significance as a Potential Tool for Conservation of Plants Diversity by Communities in The Kerinci Seblat National Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asvic Helida

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Kerinci community is an Indonesian indigenous people who live in Kerinci Regency, Jambi Province. They have local knowledge of the surrounding vegetation that has become a cultural unifying factor within the community. The study reported here aimed to analyze the importance of plants of particular cultural significance and to review efforts to conserve these plants based on Kerinci cultural values. The study was conducted for eight months from October 2013 to May 2014 at three locations chosen purposively, they were Lempur Baru Village, Lama Tamiai Village and Ulu Jernih Village. The data was obtained using a participatory observation approach, based on key informant interviews, while the assessment of plant distribution was based on a whole-of-community viewpoint. The research data consisted of data on the botany of the plants, on the utilization of the plants and on assessment of plant distribution. Analysis of data for 234 plant species used a formula for index of cultural significance (ICS adopted from Turner (1988. The study showed that rice (Oryza sativa L. and cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmanni (Nees & T.Nees Blume are important plant species with values for the Cultural Index of 59 and 57 respectively, while the species known as 'inggu' (Ruta angustifolia (L. Pers had the lowest ICS, of 3. The 'Tri-Stimulus Amar' conservation analysis developed by Zuhud (2007 is seen as a useful model for considering the cultural values that motivate the Kerinci community's plant conservation actions.

  19. 论作为文学文化学的“西安学”%The Literature-cultural Significance of Xi'an Cultural Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段宗社

    2011-01-01

    Experience of research on Chinese and foreign cities shows that the city school primarily belongs to a literature-cultural study,aimed at building the spirit of the city image.So,Xi'an Cultural Studies should construct the knowledge of the city image through the spiritual experience of the city.Two methods are offered by Walter Benjamin and Li Ou-fan,which are direct experience of the city and indirect experience through the literature.Models are provided by Walter Benjamin's study of 19th century Paris,and also Leo Ou-fan Lee's study of 1930s-1940s Shanghai.Xi'an Cultural Studies should be based on them to expand its research in this horizon.%"西安学"从理论上说是一个学科集群。但中外城市学研究经验及成果表明,城市学主要是一种文学文化学,目标在于构建城市精神镜像。作为文学文化学的西安学应以城市的精神体验为主要方式构建城市镜像知识。其方法有直观体验城市和通过文学体验城市两种。本雅明对19世纪巴黎的研究及李欧梵对20世纪三四十年代上海的研究为文学体验提供了范例,西安学应以此为借鉴拓展其研究视界。

  20. Detection of Campylobacter in Stool and Determination of Significance by Culture, Enzyme Immunoassay, and PCR in Developing Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platts-Mills, James A.; Liu, Jie; Gratz, Jean; Mduma, Esto; Amour, Caroline; Swai, Ndealilia; Taniuchi, Mami; Begum, Sharmin; Peñataro Yori, Pablo; Tilley, Drake H.; Lee, Gwenyth; Shen, Zeli; Whary, Mark T.; Fox, James G.; McGrath, Monica; Kosek, Margaret; Haque, Rashidul

    2014-01-01

    Campylobacter is a common bacterial enteropathogen that can be detected in stool by culture, enzyme immunoassay (EIA), or PCR. We compared culture for C. jejuni/C. coli, EIA (ProSpecT), and duplex PCR to distinguish Campylobacter jejuni/C. coli and non-jejuni/coli Campylobacter on 432 diarrheal and matched control stool samples from infants in a multisite longitudinal study of enteric infections in Tanzania, Bangladesh, and Peru. The sensitivity and specificity of culture were 8.5% and 97.6%, respectively, compared with the results of EIA and 8.7% and 98.0%, respectively, compared with the results of PCR for C. jejuni/C. coli. Most (71.6%) EIA-positive samples were positive by PCR for C. jejuni/C. coli, but 27.6% were positive for non-jejuni/coli Campylobacter species. Sequencing of 16S rRNA from 53 of these non-jejuni/coli Campylobacter samples showed that it most closely matched the 16S rRNA of C. hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii (56%), C. troglodytis (33%), C. upsaliensis (7.7%), and C. jejuni/C. coli (2.6%). Campylobacter-negative stool spiked with each of the above-mentioned Campylobacter species revealed reactivity with EIA. PCR detection of Campylobacter species was strongly associated with diarrhea in Peru (odds ratio [OR] = 3.66, P Campylobacter jejuni/C. coli infections represented less than half of all infections with Campylobacter species. In sum, in infants in developing country settings, the ProSpecT EIA and PCR for Campylobacter reveal extremely high rates of positivity. We propose the use of PCR because it retains high sensitivity, can ascertain burden, and can distinguish between Campylobacter infections at the species level. PMID:24452175

  1. 浅析回族服饰的文化象征性%Analysis of Cultural Symbolic Significance of the Hui Ethnic Dress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金婷

    2011-01-01

    回族作为以伊斯兰为民族文化根源的民族,在历史发展进程中呈现出伊斯兰教的内化与对汉族文化涵化同时发生而联系又紧密的特点。回族服饰具有伊斯兰文化与中华文化二元一体的结构特点,在伊斯兰文化语境下又体现出宗教文化的象征性。伊斯兰教的内化和汉族文化涵化构成了回族服饰文化的核心和其演变的主题。%The Hui ethnic group bases itself on Islam,presenting that Islamic internalization goes hand in hand with the Han ethnic cultural acculturation in the long development process.The Hui ethnic dress is featured by Islamic-Chinese culture integration.It represents both religious and cultural symbolic significance in the context of Islamic culture.Therefore,Islamic internalization and the Han ethnic cultural acculturation constitute the core of the Hui ethnic dress culture.

  2. Shallow discuss the practical significance of Chinese traditional culture%浅谈新时期大众文化的特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹立莉

    2015-01-01

    大众文化是当代中国文化总体格局的重要组成部分,大众文化的崛起是伴随改革开放、经济发展、消费娱乐要求的提高、现代大众传播手段的普及、人们闲暇时间的增多以及市场经济的实行引致的人们价值观念的转变而兴起的。作为我国改革开放与社会转型过程中出现的一种文化现象,大众文化有其独特的特征。%The Chinese traditional culture is the cultural enlightenment,for the purpose,the unity of truth,ethical culture,to people in various ideological confusion in the development of society to provide enlightenment and help. Has Chinese traditional culture and people's life habit,cultural customs,moral concept,way of thinking together, formed in the continuous development of the Chinese nation great spiritual power.In contemporary China,therefore, study and research of Chinese traditional culture still has important practical significance.

  3. Echinococcus granulosus: pre-culture of protoscoleces in vitro significantly increases development and viability of secondary hydatid cysts in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wen-Bao; Jones, Malcolm K; Li, Jun; McManus, Donald P

    2005-05-01

    We describe a method for obtaining improved secondary infections of Echinococcus granulosus that involves culturing protoscolex larvae in vitro prior to inoculation into mice. This approach provides a far superior method for obtaining secondary echinococcosis infections in mice compared with the traditional method of direct inoculation of protoscoleces (PSC) where the majority of parasites are killed by the host. We obtained a high rate of recovery both in terms of secondary cyst numbers and their viability. After 50 weeks post-infection (p.i.), brood capsules were formed and the first PSC developed in each of the capsules. After 56 weeks p.i., the fastest developing brood capsule contained four PSC. The approach will prove valuable for investigating parasite development and the host-parasite interaction in secondary echinococcosis.

  4. [The cultural and medical significance of Xin an mingzuzhi(History of Famous Family in Xin'an)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, A H; Wan, S M

    2016-01-28

    History of Famous Family in Xin'an includes abundant information and important value of the medical cultural history, including the medical family, medical ethics and the number of the famous doctors and its distribution, the medical books and its outline the medical ethics, the diseases. As for the 115 famous doctors recorded in this book, Shexian county owns the most while Jixi county owns the least, and of the average number of famous doctors among the 10, 000 local people, Yixian county owns the most while Xiuning county owns the least. History of Famous Family in Xin'an includes 26 medical books, ranging from medical literature study, gynecological treatment, external medical treatment, diagnosis and treatment of pediatric diseases, ancient medical case records, medical education, acu-moxibustion and summary of other medical experiences. The book also demonstrates the noble morality of doctors, development of doctor' family, and records of paralytic stroke, epistaxis, tuberculous consumptive diseases, furunculosis, dystocia and some infectious diseases.

  5. Developing an Understanding of Haitian Culture through Select Social Studies Objectives in a Class for Learning Disabled Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paggett, Camilla Felicia

    Designed to introduce global perspectives in a sixth-grade class for learning disabled students, this program was designed to help students develop an understanding of Haitian culture and a sense of empathy for persons of Haitian background. The program contained seven strategies: film watching, game playing, food sampling, class discussions,…

  6. Object Lessons: A Cultural Genealogy of the Dunce Cap and the Apple as Visual Tropes of American Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Heather A.

    2012-01-01

    When we look in depth at how the experience of education was represented in American culture, we find evidence of visual tropes representing evolving but persistent aspects of the experience of schooling, such as the performance of judgement, and the desire to know the world. These tropes were rendered in terms of pictorial conventions that went…

  7. See-Through Imaging of Laser-Scanned 3d Cultural Heritage Objects Based on Stochastic Rendering of Large-Scale Point Clouds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, S.; Hasegawa, K.; Okamoto, N.; Umegaki, R.; Wang, S.; Uemura, M.; Okamoto, A.; Koyamada, K.

    2016-06-01

    We propose a method for the precise 3D see-through imaging, or transparent visualization, of the large-scale and complex point clouds acquired via the laser scanning of 3D cultural heritage objects. Our method is based on a stochastic algorithm and directly uses the 3D points, which are acquired using a laser scanner, as the rendering primitives. This method achieves the correct depth feel without requiring depth sorting of the rendering primitives along the line of sight. Eliminating this need allows us to avoid long computation times when creating natural and precise 3D see-through views of laser-scanned cultural heritage objects. The opacity of each laser-scanned object is also flexibly controllable. For a laser-scanned point cloud consisting of more than 107 or 108 3D points, the pre-processing requires only a few minutes, and the rendering can be executed at interactive frame rates. Our method enables the creation of cumulative 3D see-through images of time-series laser-scanned data. It also offers the possibility of fused visualization for observing a laser-scanned object behind a transparent high-quality photographic image placed in the 3D scene. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our method by applying it to festival floats of high cultural value. These festival floats have complex outer and inner 3D structures and are suitable for see-through imaging.

  8. 科学文化论及其意义%Cultural studies of science and its significances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文勇

    2011-01-01

    在现代科学及其来源学科的影响下,科学的文化研究逐渐兴起并成为当前研究科学的主要路径.它的兴起代表科学论从康德模式转向黑格尔模式,从唯实论转向唯名论.文化论具有典型的后人文主义特征,可分为温和的文化论和激进的文化论两种类型.这种取向实现了科学有效性论证的转变,也导致了当前科学论更加关注科学实践中的微观方面,更加注重科学的主体性和动态性.%Under the influence of modem science and its originated subject, cultural studies of science become the mail approach to the research of science. Its arising is representative of transformation from the Kantian philosophy to the Hegelian philosophy, and from the realism to the nominalism in SS. Characteristic of posthumanism, CSS is divided into two types. This approach brings great influences on science studies:one is the transformation of validity of science; the other is more attention on microcosmic activities, agency in scientific practices and dynamics of scientific practices.

  9. The Origin and Development of Nan Zen Sect Culture and its Modern Cultural Significance%南禅文化的源流及其现代意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李曙豪

    2012-01-01

    南禅作为一种宗教,它以六祖为祖,以《坛经》为经。其总体思想内核是"心性自由"。在思想上,南禅文化在宋以降对儒道文化产生了影响。南禅文化不但对思想界产生了重大影响,对文艺界也产生了重大影响。在这个过程中,南禅的心性哲学渐渐演化为一种美学趣味,渗透到文学、艺术各个领域,出现了禅诗、诗僧、禅画、书法等艺术形态。韶关是南禅文化的发源地。南禅在韶关本地的传承甚广。南禅文化是韶关最具有优势的研究文化。%Nan Zen sect is a religion with the Sixth Patriarch being the founder,and Platform Sutra acting as the platform.The core of Nan Zen sect is the freedom of mind,and it exerts an influence on Confucianism and Taoism of Song Dynasty in thoughts.Besides the influence on the circle of thoughts,Nan Zen sect also plays an important role in the circle of literary and art.The philosophy of human nature and mind of Nan Zen sect gradually becomes a sense of aesthetics permeating into areas of literary,art,etc,which covers art forms such as Zen poem,poem-monk,Zen painting and calligraphy.Shaoguan is where Nan Zen sect originates and prevails,having the superiority to intensively study on the Nan Zen sect culture.

  10. The neutron tomography facility of IPEN-CNEN/SP and its potential to investigate ceramic objects from the Brazilian cultural heritage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, M A Stanojev; Schoueri, R; Domienikan, C; de Toledo, F; Andrade, M L G; Pugliesi, R

    2013-05-01

    A neutron tomography (NT) facility was installed at the IEA-R1 nuclear research reactor of the Nuclear and Energy Research Institute IPEN-CNEN/SP. According to the determined operational characteristics, the time spent to obtain a complete tomography is 4,000s at a neutron flux of 1×10(6) ncm(-2)s(-1) and the best achievable spatial resolution in the image is 347 μm. The main objectives of this paper are to describe the facility as well as to demonstrate its potential to investigate ceramic objects from the Brazilian cultural heritage left by Indians.

  11. Comparison between the Journalistic Cultures of Switzerland, Spain and Ecuador. The effects of context influences on the journalists’ perception of professional roles and the idea of objectivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Oller Alonso

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The number of worldwide, comparative journalistic culture researches is increasing. More and more, the samples of countries for comparisons are putting No-Western cultures at the center of its enquiry. In this article we analyze the self-perception of professional roles and the idea of objectivity of Swiss, Spanish and Ecuadorian journalists. To study these dimensions we use fieldwork based on in-depth interviews with 70 journalists from 15 media in three countries and multilevel analysis of the context influences. The objective is to determine the journalists’ self-perception of their professional roles and the idea of objectivity as an ideal and method within their contexts. Results show that Spanish journalists tend to have an interventionist roll and are opposed to the government. Swiss journalists tend towards greater passivity and objectivity than Spanish journalists and, even though they do not see themselves as watchdogs, they have a critical position towards the centers of power. And, finally, Ecuadorian journalists believe themselves to be neutral and impartial professionals, feeling that they must inform the citizens, and the objectivity as philosophical concept is not as a goal for their profession.

  12. SEE-THROUGH IMAGING OF LASER-SCANNED 3D CULTURAL HERITAGE OBJECTS BASED ON STOCHASTIC RENDERING OF LARGE-SCALE POINT CLOUDS

    OpenAIRE

    Tanaka, S.; Hasegawa, K.; Okamoto, N.; R. Umegaki; Wang, S; M. Uemura(Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University); Okamoto, A; Koyamada, K.

    2016-01-01

    We propose a method for the precise 3D see-through imaging, or transparent visualization, of the large-scale and complex point clouds acquired via the laser scanning of 3D cultural heritage objects. Our method is based on a stochastic algorithm and directly uses the 3D points, which are acquired using a laser scanner, as the rendering primitives. This method achieves the correct depth feel without requiring depth sorting of the rendering primitives along the line of sight. Eliminatin...

  13. The significance of enset culture and biodiversity for rural household food and livelihood security in southwestern Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Negash, A.; Niehof, A.

    2004-01-01

    The significance of enset (Ensete ventricosum Welw. Cheesman) for the food and livelihood security of rural households in Southwestern Ethiopia, where this crop is the main staple, raises two major questions. The first concerns the related issues of household food security and livelihood security an

  14. The Role of Reachers' Shared Values and Objectives in Promoting Intercultural and Inclusive School Cultures: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miravet, Lidon Moliner; García, Odet Moliner

    2013-01-01

    This article presents an analysis of teachers' impressions of their shared objectives and values, together with their conceptions of interculturality and inclusion. The educational reality of a school in Valencia (Spain) is described, based on the exploration through semi-structured interviews. From the systematically categorized information,…

  15. The Role of Reachers' Shared Values and Objectives in Promoting Intercultural and Inclusive School Cultures: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miravet, Lidon Moliner; García, Odet Moliner

    2013-01-01

    This article presents an analysis of teachers' impressions of their shared objectives and values, together with their conceptions of interculturality and inclusion. The educational reality of a school in Valencia (Spain) is described, based on the exploration through semi-structured interviews. From the systematically categorized information, we…

  16. 3DMADMAC|AUTOMATED: synergistic hardware and software solution for automated 3D digitization of cultural heritage objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Sitnik

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article a fully automated 3D shape measurement system and data processing algorithms are presented. Main purpose of this system is to automatically (without any user intervention and rapidly (at least ten times faster than manual measurement digitize whole object’s surface with some limitations to its properties: maximum measurement volume is described as a cylinder with 2,8m height and 0,6m radius, maximum object's weight is 2 tons.  Measurement head is automatically calibrated by the system for chosen working volume (from 120mm x 80mm x 60mm and ends up to 1,2m x 0,8m x 0,6m. Positioning of measurement head in relation to measured object is realized by computer-controlled manipulator. The system is equipped with two independent collision detection modules to prevent damaging measured object with moving sensor’s head. Measurement process is divided into three steps. First step is used for locating any part of object’s surface in assumed measurement volume. Second step is related to calculation of "next best view" position of measurement head on the base of existing 3D scans. Finally small holes in measured 3D surface are detected and measured. All 3D data processing (filtering, ICP based fitting and final views integration is performed automatically. Final 3D model is created on the base of user specified parameters like accuracy of surface representation and/or density of surface sampling. In the last section of the paper, exemplary measurement result of two objects: biscuit (from the collection of Museum Palace at Wilanów and Roman votive altar (Lower Moesia, II-III AD are presented.

  17. The cultural significance of"The Starbucks in the Forbidden City"%故宫“星巴克”的文化意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗筱华

    2012-01-01

      The reason why the Starbucks mustn’t open in the Forbidden City lies in that the Starbucks spoils the integrity of the Forbidden City;Starbucks destroyed the palace as a museum output cultural image of the original, the harmonious sex and integrity;Starbucks and the Forbidden City aren’t fit for the function of service facilities. The cultural significance of"The Starbucks in the Forbidden City"highlights the conflicts between Chinese and foreign cultures, commerce development and traditional cultures.%  故宫内不可以开设星巴克,在于它破坏了故宫作为文化遗产的整体性;星巴克破坏了故宫作为博物馆所输出文化形象的原生性、和谐性和整体性;星巴克与故宫所需要的服务设施功能不符。故宫内的星巴克的文化意义,在于中外文化交流时引起的冲突以及当下商业对传统文化的冲击。

  18. Culture Communication Practice of LU Xun and Its Practical Significance%鲁迅的文化传播实践及其现实意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林荣松

    2016-01-01

    鲁迅作为一个文学家的崇高地位,与其文化传播实践是同步发展的。有所为、有所不为构成鲁迅文化传播实践的显著表征,那种面向大众、勇于担当、韧性战斗、恪守诚信的精神,和渗透于字里行间的正能量,奠定了他在现代文化传播史的重要地位。当前,面对日益复杂的生存环境,文化传播面临一场深刻的变革。如何实现传播角色与文化身份、传媒担当与历史责任的统一,可以从鲁迅身上获得有益启示。%Lu Xun,as a writer of the lofty position of literature,is synchronously developing with his cultural dissemination of prac-tice.Refraining from doing something in order to be able to do other things constitutes a significant characteristic of Lu Xun cultural communication practice,the positive energy such as for the general public,the courage to play,tough fight,honesty and penetration in between the lines,laid his important position on the modern history of culture communication.At present,in the face of the increasing-ly complex living environment,cultural communication is facing a profound reform.How to realize the unification of the role of commu-nication and cultural identity,the role of the media and the historical responsibility can be enlightened from Lu Xun.

  19. Ethical, cultural and spiritual objections to genetically modified organisms: a review of the New Zealand process and perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Jean S

    2004-06-01

    The New Zealand Royal Commission on Genetic Modification was directed to investigate the strategic options available to address the use of genetically modified organisms and products. The Commission spent 14 months hearing submissions in public meetings and formal hearings. Over 10,000 written public submissions were received. Most were against any use of the technology in food, and many were angry at the lack of product labelling and therefore choice. Few were supportive, although there was little objection to the use of genetic technology or modified organisms in containment, especially for medical research. Many New Zealanders had strong spiritual objections to the creation of transgenic animals containing human DNA, which they described as "playing God" or "interfering with Nature". Many expressed lack of trust in scientists and biotechnology companies. Despite these views, the Commission concluded that New Zealand should keep its options open and proceed carefully, minimising and managing risks. The Commission recommended that Government establish a Bioethics Council to act as a transparent advisory body and prepare guidelines on biotechnology, enabling public education and participation in decision-making.

  20. Object and Objective Lost?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lopdrup-Hjorth, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the erosion and problematization of ‘the organization’ as a demarcated entity. Utilizing Foucault's reflections on ‘state-phobia’ as a source of inspiration, I show how an organization-phobia has gained a hold within Organization Theory (OT). By attending to the history...... of this organization-phobia, the paper argues that OT has become increasingly incapable of speaking about its core object. I show how organizations went from being conceptualized as entities of major importance to becoming theoretically deconstructed and associated with all kinds of ills. Through this history......, organizations as distinct entities have been rendered so problematic that they have gradually come to be removed from the center of OT. The costs of this have been rather significant. Besides undermining the grounds that gave OT intellectual credibility and legitimacy to begin with, the organization-phobia...

  1. cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Kreutz

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Es un estudio cualitativo que adoptó como referencial teorico-motodológico la antropología y la etnografía. Presenta las experiencias vivenciadas por mujeres de una comunidad en el proceso salud-enfermedad, con el objetivo de comprender los determinantes sócio-culturales e históricos de las prácticas de prevención y tratamiento adoptados por el grupo cultural por medio de la entrevista semi-estructurada. Los temas que emergieron fueron: la relación entre la alimentación y lo proceso salud-enfermedad, las relaciones con el sistema de salud oficial y el proceso salud-enfermedad y lo sobrenatural. Los dados revelaron que los moradores de la comunidad investigada tienen un modo particular de explicar sus procedimientos terapéuticos. Consideramos que es papel de los profesionales de la salud en sus prácticas, la adopción de abordajes o enfoques que consideren al individuo en su dimensión sócio-cultural e histórica, considerando la enorme diversidad cultural en nuestro país.

  2. Objectively-assessed outcome measures: a translation and cross-cultural adaptation procedure applied to the Chedoke McMaster Arm and Hand Activity Inventory (CAHAI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hahn Sabine

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Standardised translation and cross-cultural adaptation (TCCA procedures are vital to describe language translation, cultural adaptation, and to evaluate quality factors of transformed outcome measures. No TCCA procedure for objectively-assessed outcome (OAO measures exists. Furthermore, no official German version of the Canadian Chedoke Arm and Hand Activity Inventory (CAHAI is available. Methods An eight-step for TCCA procedure for OAO was developed (TCCA-OAO based on the existing TCCA procedure for patient-reported outcomes. The TCCA-OAO procedure was applied to develop a German version of the CAHAI (CAHAI-G. Inter-rater reliability of the CAHAI-G was determined through video rating of CAHAI-G. Validity evaluation of the CAHAI-G was assessed using the Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment (CMSA. All ratings were performed by trained, independent raters. In a cross-sectional study, patients were tested within 31 hours after the initial CAHAI-G scoring, for their motor function level using the subscales for arm and hand of the CMSA. Inpatients and outpatients of the occupational therapy department who experienced a cerebrovascular accident or an intracerebral haemorrhage were included. Results Performance of 23 patients (mean age 69.4, SD 12.9; six females; mean time since stroke onset: 1.5 years, SD 2.5 years have been assessed. A high inter-rater reliability was calculated with ICCs for 4 CAHAI-G versions (13, 9, 8, 7 items ranging between r = 0.96 and r = 0.99 (p Conclusions The TCCA-OAO procedure was validated regarding its feasibility and applicability for objectively-assessed outcome measures. The resulting German CAHAI can be used as a valid and reliable assessment for bilateral upper limb performance in ADL in patients after stroke.

  3. Traces of humanity: Echoes of social and cultural experience in physical objects and digital surrogates in the University of Victoria Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robbyn Gordon Lanning

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The relationships between primary source materials and their digital surrogates warrant consideration about how different materials translate into digitized forms. Physical primary source materials found in library special collections and archives and their digital surrogates challenge the viewer to consider what these objects are communicating through their materiality or lack thereof. For example, how does a clay tablet represent itself digitally, as compared to a parchment manuscript, or a paper accounts book? What qualities, stories or narratives do these resources communicate in their original forms, as digital surrogates, or when engaged with together, and how do these differ? How do both physical and digital resources serve as archival objects with the ability to reflect our social and cultural experiences—and indeed our humanity—back to us? As more and more library and museum resources are digitized and made open to researchers, such questions must be addressed as the use and reuse of digital surrogates becomes increasingly complex as digital scholarship evolves.

  4. The Significance of Sports Cultural on Funeral Dance in Tujia Nationality%土家族跳丧舞的体育文化学意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃兴耀

    2015-01-01

    Research purposes: to explore the significance of sports cultural on Tujia funeral dance, and the methods and way to promote the folk sports. Methods: the literature method, observation method, logic reasoning method. Results and conclusion:Funeral dance,also known as “Jump for Sa Ye Er He”,is a widely circulated traditional sacrificial dance in Tujia Nationality. It has an ancient form of body movements,a unique view of life,the sense of community concept and humorous carnival culture. Bashan Dance is based on it and has become a local popular fitness program through the innovative development and promotion. Therefore,it has completely morphological characteristics of Sports Culture. Its successfully adaption and epidemic provides a revelation on the development of health project in remote rural.%研究目的:考察土家族跳丧舞的体育文化学意义,探寻民俗体育的推广方法与途径。研究方法:文献法、观察法、逻辑分析法。研究结果与结论:跳丧舞也叫"跳撒叶尔嗬",是土家族流传很广的传统的祭祀舞蹈,它具有古朴的身体动作形态,独特的生命观、群体意识观、诙谐的狂欢文化性。在它基础上创新开发的巴山舞,经过宣传推广,现已成为当地流行的健身项目。因此,它具有完全体育文化学上的形态特征,它的成功改编及流行为边远农村健身项目的发展提供了具有启示的思路。

  5. Evaluation of culture techniques and bacterial cultures from uroliths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Leigh A; Kass, Philip H; Johnson, Dee L; Ruby, Annette L; Shiraki, Ryoji; Westropp, Jodi L

    2013-03-01

    The association between urolithiasis and growth of bacteria in the urine or urolith has not been recently evaluated in the past 15 years, and the effects of antimicrobial administration on urolith cultures have not been reported. As well, laboratory techniques for urolith cultures have not been critically evaluated. The objectives of the current study were to 1) report bacterial isolates from uroliths and their association with signalment, urolith composition, antimicrobial use, and urine cultures and 2) evaluate laboratory techniques for urolith cultures. For the first objective, a retrospective search of bacterial isolates cultured from uroliths submitted to the laboratory as well as the signalment, urine culture results, and antimicrobial use were recorded. For the second objective, 50 urolith pairs were cultured by washing each urolith either 1or 4 times and culturing the core. Five hundred twenty canine and 168 feline uroliths were reviewed. Struvite-containing uroliths had an increased prevalence of a positive culture compared to nonstruvite-containing uroliths (P culture results and previous antimicrobial administration was found (P = 0.41). Eighteen percent of cases with negative urine cultures had positive urolith cultures. There was no significant difference in core culture results whether the urolith was washed 1 or 4 times (P = 0.07). Urolith culture outcome was not always influenced by previous antimicrobial administration, and bacterial culture of a urolith may not yield the same results as those obtained from the urine. The modified protocol, which requires less time and expense for urolith cultures, may be an acceptable alternative.

  6. 网络流行语的构词特征与社会文化意义%Formation Characteristics of Internet Catchwords and Social Culture Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈万怀; 张梓瑄

    2015-01-01

    网络流行语是一定时期、一定范围内被公众广泛“复制”和“模仿”,并在不同场合与环境中传播和使用的网络语言。网络流行语有着以物拟人、借形赋义、将错作正等诸多构成途径,具有多元的、个性的社会文化传播积极意义。但网络流行语的随意性、不规范性、易变性等传播特点,也给社会的文化、心理等带来较大冲击和影响,对此我们要保持积极的理解与认知。%Internet catchwords are network language, wildly copied, imitated and spread in a certain period of time in different occasions. There are a lot of ways to form the internet catchwords , for example, personification and expressing new meaning with the same words and so on. This kind of word formation is of great significance with diversification and individuality to social cultural communication. Meanwhile, with the characteristics of arbitrariness, nonstandard and variability, the internet catchwords bring great impact and influence on the social culture, psychology and so on. Therefore, we should maintain a positive understanding and cognition of these internet catchwords.

  7. Genome Wide Expression Profiling of Cancer Cell Lines Cultured in Microgravity Reveals Significant Dysregulation of Cell Cycle and MicroRNA Gene Networks.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasanna Vidyasekar

    Full Text Available Zero gravity causes several changes in metabolic and functional aspects of the human body and experiments in space flight have demonstrated alterations in cancer growth and progression. This study reports the genome wide expression profiling of a colorectal cancer cell line-DLD-1, and a lymphoblast leukemic cell line-MOLT-4, under simulated microgravity in an effort to understand central processes and cellular functions that are dysregulated among both cell lines. Altered cell morphology, reduced cell viability and an aberrant cell cycle profile in comparison to their static controls were observed in both cell lines under microgravity. The process of cell cycle in DLD-1 cells was markedly affected with reduced viability, reduced colony forming ability, an apoptotic population and dysregulation of cell cycle genes, oncogenes, and cancer progression and prognostic markers. DNA microarray analysis revealed 1801 (upregulated and 2542 (downregulated genes (>2 fold in DLD-1 cultures under microgravity while MOLT-4 cultures differentially expressed 349 (upregulated and 444 (downregulated genes (>2 fold under microgravity. The loss in cell proliferative capacity was corroborated with the downregulation of the cell cycle process as demonstrated by functional clustering of DNA microarray data using gene ontology terms. The genome wide expression profile also showed significant dysregulation of post transcriptional gene silencing machinery and multiple microRNA host genes that are potential tumor suppressors and proto-oncogenes including MIR22HG, MIR17HG and MIR21HG. The MIR22HG, a tumor-suppressor gene was one of the highest upregulated genes in the microarray data showing a 4.4 log fold upregulation under microgravity. Real time PCR validated the dysregulation in the host gene by demonstrating a 4.18 log fold upregulation of the miR-22 microRNA. Microarray data also showed dysregulation of direct targets of miR-22, SP1, CDK6 and CCNA2.

  8. CULTURE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Marilyn Monroe and America in the 1960s-The Photography of Lawrence Schiller One of the most significant photo exhibitions to document America in the turbulent 1960s, which also includes images of the American icon Marilyn Monroe, opens to the public on September 29, 2007. The exhibition is an unequaled historical perspective of the 1960s in America as captured by the legendary photographer, writer and director Lawrence Schiller, and will bring to the Chinese people a perspective of America never exhibited before in China.

  9. 降钙素原预测血培养阳性的临床价值研究%Clinical significance of serum procalcitonin in predicting blood culture positive

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑玉芬; 崔伟娇; 颜海希; 郑静; 袁远; 杜菊萍; 吴春龙

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨血清降钙素原(PC T )预测血培养阳性的临床应用价值。方法采用回顾性分析研究,以2012年12月-2014年12月同时进行PC T和血培养检测1164例患者为研究对象,根据血培养结果分为阳性组和阴性组,比较两组间PCT、C‐反应蛋白(CRP)水平等实验室指标的差异。结果血培养阳性组PCT、CRP明显高于血培养阴性组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.001);单因素 logistics回归分析显示,PCT、CRP及体温均为菌血症预测因子,差异有统计学意义(P<0.001),多因素 logistics回归分析显示,校正年龄、抗菌药物预处理因素后,年龄、PCT、CRP是预测血培养阳性的独立预测因子;血清PCT预测血培养阳性ROC曲线下面积为0.800,当截断点为PCT>0.05 ng/ml时,PCT预测血培养阳性的敏感性高达96%,与其他临床实验室指标相比,PCT预测血培养阳性诊断价值最高;在PCT<0.05 ng/ml时,菌血症发生风险低,而PCT>0.5 ng/ml时,菌血症发生风险高,有利于早期诊断和病情检查,合理使用抗菌药物。结论 PCT 预测血培养阳性是非常有意义的,比CRP、WBC计数和其他临床实验室指标均要好,而且血清PC T检测能够减少患者的血培养数量及医疗成本,实施更合理的卫生保健资源分配。%OBJECTIVE To discuss the clinical significance of serum procalcitonin in predicting blood culture posi‐tive .METHODS A total of 1164 patients undergoing PCT and blood cultures from Dec .2012 to Dec .2014 were selected as research objects by retrospective analysis .The patients were classified into blood culture positive group and blood culture negative group ,the differences of PCT and C‐reactive protein (CRP) concentration in two groups were analyzed comparatively .RESULTS The PCT and CRP in blood culture positive group were higher than blood culture negative group ,and the difference

  10. Modernization Theory Revisited: A Cross-Cultural Study of Adolescent Conformity to Significant Others in Mainland China, Taiwan, and the USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jie; Thomas, Darwin L.

    1994-01-01

    Responses from college students in differing cultural settings contradicted modernization theory (MT). Contrary to MT, education held less importance as a social institution. American society highly valued religion with the reverse holding true in the two Chinese societies. MT tests with cross-cultural data should always consider cultural…

  11. The Significance of Language and Cultural Education on Secondary Achievement: A Survey of Chinese-American and Korean-American Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Steven K.

    2002-01-01

    Surveys of 105 U.S.-born, Chinese-American and Korean-American students in southern California high schools found that those who adapted to the mainstream culture while maintaining their heritage language and culture had higher academic achievement than those who wholly adopted mainstream values and lifestyles. (Contains 21 references.) (SV)

  12. "Just Piles of Rocks to Developers but Places of Worship to Native Americans" - Exploring the Significance of Earth Jurisprudence for South African Cultural Communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matome M Ratiba

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the years cultural communities across the world have borne witness to many unending attempts at the destruction of their places of worship. This endemic problem has arisen in a number of places, such as in the USA and in most of the world's former colonies. Having been colonised, South African cultural communities have experienced the same threats to their various sacred sites. This article seeks to argue and demonstrate that cultural communities in South Africa stand to benefit from the properly construed and rich earth jurisprudence arising out of the courtroom experiences of some of the cultural communities identified elsewhere in the world. It also proposes several arguments peculiar to South Africa which could be advanced by cultural communities seeking to protect their sacred lands.

  13. 利玛窦的传教策略对当今中国文化输出的借鉴意义%The Referential Significance of Matteo Ricci's Strategies of Missionary Work to Contemporary China's Cultural Ex- port

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳玲

    2014-01-01

    Facing the huge gap between Oriental and Occidental cultures, Matteo Ricci has taken a series of effective strategies of missionary work, which are of referential significance to reversing the deficit of cultural export confronted by contemporary China. It is the primary condition of cultural export to respect other nations' cultures; the key of China's cultural export is to deepen the un-derstanding of both our nation's culture and alien cultures; Chi-nese government's strong support is the principal force for cultur-al export; the improvement of comprehensive national strength is the staunch backup force for cultural export.%利玛窦面对东西方的巨大文化差异,采取了一系列有效的传教策略,这些策略对于扭转当今中国所面临的文化输出逆差具有借鉴意义:尊重对方民族的文化是文化输出的首要条件;加深对本民族文化和异族文化的了解是中国文化输出的关键;中国政府的大力支持是中国文化输出的主导力量;综合国力的提高是中国文化输出的坚强后盾。

  14. Significance and Safeguard Measures of Water Cultural Construction in China%我国水文化建设的保障措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗增良; 左其亭

    2014-01-01

    Culture is the spiritual motivation of a nation to tradition and continuity. While Water culture construction is the inevita-ble result of the development of times, witch is an important guarantee for enhance our country’ s cultural soft power. This paper briefly analyzes the concept and connotation of water culture construction, elaborates the importance of water culture construction to carry out the sustainable development thought and to promote the livelihood of water conservancy construction. The article mainly discusses the important meaning of water culture construction, and pointes out the relation between water culture construction and construction of the socialist core value system, and put forward to measures of water culture construction.%文化是一个民族得以传承绵延的精神动力,水文化建设是时代发展的必然结果,是增强水利行业文化软实力的重要保障。分析了我国水生态建设的概念、内涵,阐述了水文化建设对贯彻可持续发展治水思想、促进民生水利建设的重要性,并重点探讨了我国水文化建设的重要意义,指出水文化建设与生态文明建设、社会主义核心价值体系建设的关系,提出推进水文化建设的保障措施。

  15. ICU呼吸机相关性肺炎患者痰液真菌阳性的临床研究%Clinical significance of positive sputum culture of fungi in ICU patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    占大钱; 陈娣; 胡伟林; 陈正平; 李永胜

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the clinical significance of positive sputum culture of fungi in comprehensive in‐tensive care unit (ICU) patients clinically diagnosed as ventilator‐associated pneumonia (VAP) so as to provide guidance for reasonable use of antibiotics .METHODS A total of 142 patients who were clinically diagnosed as VAP and treated in the ICU from Apr 2012 to Apr 2014 were recruited as the study objects and were divided into the positive fungi group with 77 cases and the negative fungi group with 65 cases according to the results of spu‐tum culture .The duration of ventilation and the mortality rate were observed and compared between the two groups of patients ,and the statistical analysis was performed with the use of SPSS 13 .0 software .RESULTS To‐tally 394 strains of pathogens have been cultured from the 142 patients ,of which 32 .0% (126 strains ) were fun‐gi .Of the 142 patients clinically diagnosed as VAP ,77 were tested positive for the fungi ,accounting for 54 .2% . The incidence of the fungal infections was associated with the age and respiratory system disease (P<0 .05) .The mechanical ventilation duration of the positive fungi group was (363 ± 85)hour ,the negative fungi group (300 ± 67)hours ;the mortality rate of the positive fungi group was 39 .0% ,the negative fungi group 43 .1% ,and there was no significant difference between the two groups .CONCLUSION The positive rate of sputum culture of fungi is high in the patents with VAP ,which is associated with the age and respiratory system disease .%目的:研究综合重症监护病房(ICU )中临床诊断为呼吸机相关性肺炎(VAP)患者痰液培养真菌阳性在V A P患者中的临床意义,为合理使用抗菌药物提供参考依据。方法选择2012年4月-2014年4月IC U临床诊断为呼吸机相关性肺炎的142例患者为研究对象,按痰培养结果分为真菌阳性组77例和真菌阴性组65例,比较两组患者的通气时间及

  16. Expression of hemagglutinin protein from the avian influenza virus H5N1 in a baculovirus/insect cell system significantly enhanced by suspension culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spencer Lynn

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Prevention of a possible avian influenza pandemic necessitates the development of rapid diagnostic tests and the eventual production of a vaccine. Results For vaccine production, hemagglutinin (HA1 from avian influenza H5N1 was expressed from a recombinant baculovirus. Recombinant HA1 was expressed in monolayer or suspension culture insect cells by infection with the recombinant baculovirus. The yield of rHA1 from the suspension culture was 68 mg/l, compared to 6 mg/l from the monolayer culture. Immunization of guinea pigs with 50 μg of rHA1 yielded hemagglutinin inhibition and virus neutralization titers of 1:160 after two times vaccination with rHA1 protein. Conclusion Thus, the production of rHA1 using an insect suspension cell system provides a promising basis for economical production of a H5 antigen.

  17. Significance of Cultural-Historical Theory of Psychological Development of L.S. Vygotsky for the Development of Modern Models of Social Cognition and Psychotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kholmogorova A.B.,

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article acknowledges the situation of methodical crisis in modern research of social cognition related to the domination of reductive approaches that ignore the uniqueness of human psyche. Heuristicity of concepts of cultural-historical theory of psychological development of L.S. Vygotsky, which serves to overcome the apparent inconsistencies is substantiated. Models of social cognition based on the principles of cultural-historical psychology are described, those being the model of social cognition within phylogenesis of M. Tomasello, and the model of social cognition within ontogenesis of C. Fernyhough. Current situation in the area of mental health is reviewed from the standpoint of cultural-historical psychology, its specifics reflected in the increased burden on reflexive functions, that is, skills lying within the sphere of social cognition is substantiated. Modern psychotherapeutic apparatus directed to compensate social cognition deficits due to various psychiatric disorders is reviewed. The assumption that adolescense is sensitive period for the development of higher forms of social cognition is made, and a summary of researches supporting this assertion is presented. Main contradictions of modern-day maturing are enunciated. To conclude the presented theoretical analysis, a comprehensive multiple-factor model of social cognition is presented based on concepts of cultural-historical theory of L.S. Vygotsky.

  18. A Comparative Study of Finland and Chile: The Culture-Dependent Significance of the Individual and Interindividual Levels of the Mathematics-Related Affect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuohilampi, Laura; Laine, Anu; Hannula, Markku S.; Varas, Leonor

    2016-01-01

    Mathematics-related affect is established regarding both individual and interindividual levels. However, the interaction between the levels has not been elaborated. Furthermore, it is known that people may draw either from intrinsic or extrinsic experiences to construct their identities depending on their cultural environment. Thus, affective…

  19. Improved Culture Medium (TiKa) for Mycobacterium avium Subspecies Paratuberculosis (MAP) Matches qPCR Sensitivity and Reveals Significant Proportions of Non-viable MAP in Lymphoid Tissue of Vaccinated MAP Challenged Animals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bull, Tim J.; Munshil, Tulika; Melvang, Heidi Mikkelsen

    2017-01-01

    The quantitative detection of viable pathogen load is an important tool in determining the degree of infection in animals and contamination of foodstuffs. Current conventional culture methods are limited in their ability to determine these levels in Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis......Ka culture equates well with qPCR and provides important evidence that accuracy in estimating viable MAP load using DNA tests alone may vary significantly between samples of mucosal and lymphatic origin....

  20. Improved Culture Medium (TiKa) for Mycobacterium avium Subspecies Paratuberculosis (MAP) Matches qPCR Sensitivity and Reveals Significant Proportions of Non-viable MAP in Lymphoid Tissue of Vaccinated MAP Challenged Animals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bull, Tim J; Munshi, Tulika; Mikkelsen, Heidi; Hartmann, Sofie B; Sørensen, Maria R; Garcia, Joanna S; Lopez-Perez, Paula M; Hofmann, Sven; Hilpert, Kai; Jungersen, Gregers

    2016-01-01

    The quantitative detection of viable pathogen load is an important tool in determining the degree of infection in animals and contamination of foodstuffs. Current conventional culture methods are limited in their ability to determine these levels in Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) due to slow growth, clumping and low recoverability issues. The principle goal of this study was to evaluate a novel culturing process (TiKa) with unique ability to stimulate MAP growth from low sample loads and dilutions. We demonstrate it was able to stimulate a mean 29-fold increase in recoverability and an improved sensitivity of up to three logs when compared with conventional culture. Using TiKa culture, MAP clumping was minimal and produced visible colonies in half the time required by standard culture methods. Parallel quantitative evaluation of the TiKa culture approach and qPCR on MAP loads in tissue and gut mucosal samples from a MAP vaccine-challenge study, showed good correlations between colony counts (cfu) and qPCR derived genome equivalents (Geq) over a large range of loads with a 30% greater sensitivity for TiKa culture approach at low loads (two logs). Furthermore, the relative fold changes in Geq and cfu from the TiKa culture approach suggests that non-mucosal tissue loads from MAP infected animals contained a reduced proportion of non-viable MAP (mean 19-fold) which was reduced significantly further (mean 190-fold) in vaccinated "reactor" calves. This study shows TiKa culture equates well with qPCR and provides important evidence that accuracy in estimating viable MAP load using DNA tests alone may vary significantly between samples of mucosal and lymphatic origin.

  1. Distinguishing between linear and exponential cell growth during the division cycle: Single-cell studies, cell-culture studies, and the object of cell-cycle research

    OpenAIRE

    Cooper Stephen

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background Two approaches to understanding growth during the cell cycle are single-cell studies, where growth during the cell cycle of a single cell is measured, and cell-culture studies, where growth during the cell cycle of a large number of cells as an aggregate is analyzed. Mitchison has proposed that single-cell studies, because they show variations in cell growth patterns, are more suitable for understanding cell growth during the cell cycle, and should be preferred over cultur...

  2. 葛兰西文化理论旨要及其意义%The Major Theme Theory and of Gramsci' s Cultural Its Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张平功; 李昂

    2011-01-01

    从市民社会、文化霸权、意识形态及知识分子四个方面着重阐释葛兰西理论核心观念的内涵与表征.揭示其对建设具有中国特色政治文化机制,特别是构建核心文化价值观的意义。%This paper analyzes the major contents and features of Gramsci's cultural theory from the perspectives of civil society, cultural hegemony, ideology and the organic intellectual to expose his unique contribution to and inspiration for the construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics, specifically the system of socialist core values.

  3. The Study of Realistic Significance in Carry Forward Chinese Wine Culture%浅议发扬中国酒文化的现实意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田耀婷

    2011-01-01

    中国酒文化历史悠久,内涵丰富,博大精深,是中华文明的有机组成部分。首先介绍了中国酒文化的起源与发展,并研究了其深刻内涵,最后探讨了中国酒文化的现实意义,激发广大人民群众对中国酒文化研究的热情,继承和发扬中国酒文化。%Chinese Wine culture has a long history and profound connotation is rich,and is an organic part of Chinese civilization.This paper firstly introduces the origin of Chinese Wine culture and development,and studies its deep connotation,best discusses the re

  4. 探讨血培养阳性结果在新生儿血流感染中的意义%Significance of blood culture positive results in judging neonatal bloodstream infections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张斗星; 张林; 李宗光; 胡安群

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨新生儿血培养阳性的临床意义.方法 对2011年1 月至2011年12月科住院患儿血培养标本中分离到的阳性结果116 例进行分析,区别致病菌和污染菌.结果 116 例血培养阳性结果中,主要为革兰阳性球菌82 例(70.7%),革兰阴性杆菌33例(28.4%),白色念珠菌1 例(0.9%),判断为血流感染为52 例(44.8%),污染菌为64 例(55.2%),污染菌主要以血浆凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌为主;MRSA、MRCNS 和产ESBLs 细菌在致病菌和污染菌检出率基本一致,耐药谱基本相同;致病菌的阳性报警时间明显少于污染菌报警时间.结论 新生儿血培养报警阳性中,污染率较高,以血浆凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌为主,医师需将实验室结果与临床资料结合考虑,正确区分污染菌,发挥血培养的作用.%Objective To explore the clinical significance of the positive blood culture results in neonates. Methods A retrospective analysis of positive blood culture from 116 neonatal hospitalized patients in Anqing Municipal Hospital from January 2011 to December 2011 was done. Strains of pathogen and bacterium were identified. Results Eighty-two of 116 strains were from patients with gram-positive bacteria, 33 strains with gram negative bacilli, 1 strain with Candida albicans; fifty-two of 116 strains from patients with bloodstream infection and the other 64 strains with bacterium, mainly coagula.se negative staphylococcus (CNS). The detection rales of MRSA, MRCNS and KSBI.s from pathogen and bacterium were basically the same and the drug resistance was also similar. The mean growth time of pathogen was significantly shorter than that oi bacterium. Conclusion The incidence of coagulase negative staphylococcus bacterium in neonatal positive blood culture was relatively high. It is important for doctors to combine laboratory results with clinical materials to indentify bacterium and play the role of blood culture.

  5. Content, Significance and Cultivation Approach of Enterprise Brand Culture%企业品牌文化:内容、意义和培育路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕胜召

    2012-01-01

    Brand is information carrier of the enterprise, which can tell product, service and even the whole story of the enterprise with surprising power. At present, the integration, compromise and informitization of the world require the enterprise pay more attention to cultivation of brand culture. Combined with practice of construction of brand culture, we should strengthen management of brand plan constantly improve and form powerful brand culture starting from product quality, difference of products, excellent service elevation of reputation. We should continue to play the role of brand culture in market competition both at home and abroad, promote the enterprise to develop constantly, effectively and harmoniously%品牌是企业的信息载体,可以传递企业各种情况,甚至可以讲述产品、服务乃至整个企业的故事,具有惊人的力量。在当前,世界经济一体化、融合化、信息化要求企业更加重视培育品牌文化。结合中国石化的品牌文化建设实际情况,要从产品质量、产品的差异化、优质服务、提升美誉度等方面人手,加强品牌规划管理,不断持续改进,形成强势品牌文化。要继续发挥品牌文化在参与国内国际市场竞争中的作用,促进企业的持续有效和谐发展。

  6. A significant proportion of normal resting B cells are induced to secrete immunoglobulin through contact with anti-receptor antibody-activated helper T cells in clonal cultures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riedel, C; Owens, T; Nossal, G J

    1988-01-01

    cell line E9.D4 was stimulated with the anti-V beta 8 antibody F23.1 bound to the plastic of Terasaki 10-ul culture wells. When an excess of T helper lymphocytes was used (1,000 X-irradiated or 600 unirradiated, stimulated E9.D4 cells), 10-25% of B cells responded by antibody formation as judged......This report describes single-cell techniques to address the nature of a cellular interaction in which activated T lymphocytes stimulate small resting B cells to develop into antibody-forming cell clones in the absence of any surface immunoglobulin ligand or an antigen bridge. The cloned T helper...... by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay performed after 5 days of culture. When one of a very small number of B cells were present, the rate-limiting step to antibody-forming cell formation was the number of T cells present. Far fewer T cells sufficed for stimulation when culture trays were tilted to force T...

  7. An Object-Group Threat Assessment Method Based on Attribute Significance of Multi-Field Expert Systems%基于专家知识属性重要度的集群目标威胁评估方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄大荣; 郭安学; 李云生; 徐红兵; 霍勇谋

    2009-01-01

    结合计算机网络和专家知识库集成技术,研究了集群目标威胁评估的一类新方法.首先,在给出多领域专家知识集成评估系统定义和集群目标威胁度赋值规则的基础上,结合统计方法和历史数据库建立专家知识属性重要度模型;然后,提出了该集成评估系统的运行规则,并结合多领域专家知识集成技术,构造了集群目标威胁评估的网络化评估系统;最后,仿真实验验证了系统的有效性和合理性.该系统成功应用于型号武器系统的实际工程实例表明,这种评估方法具有良好的更新能力和应用前景.%A new method of threat assessment to object-group was researched by combining computer network with integrated technology of experts' database. The attribute significance model of experts' database was presented by combining integrated system of multi-field experts and assignment rule of threat degree of object-group with statistical method and historical database; the network evaluation system used for evaluating object-group threat was constructed by the proposed operation rule of the system combined with multi-field experts knowledge intergrated technology; the simulation used for e-valuating object-group threat was performed by a certain type gun-missile intergrated air defense system. The simulated results show that the evaluation method has better updating capability and applied prospect.

  8. [Cosmos, coral and cultural milieu. The significance of the popular science connection in the late German Empire and the Weimar Republic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schirrmacher, Arne

    2008-12-01

    This paper discusses the role of popular science communication for the 'cultural milieu' or more generally the 'environment' of scientists and science in Germany between c. 1900 and 1933 in the sense of Paul Forman. On the rich basis of diverse journals aiming at a differentiated public the discourse on atomic physics is sketched. Since the thesis of a general hostility towards atomic physics in particular and science in general cannot be accredited the question arises how widespread and in which sense a crisis of science was discussed in the Weimar years.

  9. Organizational aspects of ICT applications in cultural heritage “Virtual Museum” context: the permanent challenge of reconciliation of diverging scientific, technical, operational and financial objectives.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgios Giannoulis-Giannoulopoulos

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The applications of ICT in the cultural heritage field are including a new expanding category of applications, having a “creative” character, and a multidisciplinary approach. Motivations and priorities of involved players (individuals and organizational players, are presented, through various FHW paradigm projects, in order to explore the possible impact of this kind of projects in science and cultural heritage concept, as well as to explore their hidden added value, that makes them capable to attract resources.

  10. 安全文化管理在医院感染病区护理实践中的实际意义%Safety Culture Management in Hospital Infection Ward Nursing Practice in the Practical Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    满晓琴

    2015-01-01

    Objective Use of the management of safety culture in the significance of hospital infection ward were discussed and analyzed. Methods Will pick our hospital from March 2010 to March 2015were treated 84 cases of patients with all kinds of disease, according to the random grouping method divided the patients into two groups: experimental group and control group, respectively, in each group of 42 patients. To the control group patients with routine nursing intervention and routine management method, on the basis of the reference group of the experimental group patients safety culture manage-ment, compared two groups of treatment adherence for patients and nursing satisfaction. Results Through different way of nursing intervention and management, the experimental group of treatment adherence for patients with higher compared with the control group; Experimental group patients nursing satisfaction is higher, control group patients nursing satisfaction is relatively low, compared the two groups have statistical significance (P< 0.05). Conclusion Visible, in the process of clini-cal nursing intervention using safety culture management can effectively improve the patient's treatment adherence, can make patients more actively cooperate with treatment, and can effectively improve the patients' overall satisfaction with nursing care, the hospital reputation has obvious promotion effect.%目的 对安全文化管理运用于医院感染病区的意义进行探讨和分析.方法 择取该院自2010年3月-2015年3月收治的各类疾病患者84例,按照随机分组的方法将患者分为两组,分别为实验组和参照组,每组各42例患者. 对参照组患者行常规的护理干预和常规的管理方法,在参照组的基础上对实验组患者行安全文化管理,对比两组患者的治疗依从性和护理满意度. 结果 通过不同方式的护理干预和管理,实验组患者的治疗依从性与参照组相比较高;实验组患者的护理满意度较

  11. 哈萨克族食肉文化及其象征意义%Meat Culture and Its Symbolic Significance among the Kazakhs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐那尔·阿不都沙力克

    2012-01-01

    哈萨克族食肉文化中,出于自身的各种特殊需要,对家畜不同部位赋予各种相应的象征意义,使其成为表达思想观念和反映社会结构的象征符号。并将隐藏在人们内心深处的欲望、愿望、情感、情绪、个性以及相应的价值观念充分地表露出来,起到传递信息、沟通人际关系、规范行为的活的功能。它是一种非语言的信息传递方式,其本身是一个具有完整结构的象征系统。其中家畜每一个部位的连骨肉成为主体储藏信息的单位,承担着传递信息的任务。因此,破解被灌入到家畜各部位的象征意义至关重要。%For particular needs, Kazakh people have given a variety of symbolic meanings in meat culture, making it to expression of ideas and reflect the social structure. And express people's hearts desire, desire, emotion, mood, personality and show the corresponding values. To communication and interpersonal relationships, living function irregularities. It can use a non-verbal way of transmitting information, which is a symbol of the complete structure of the system, we not only can see people's morals, cultural attainment, existential condition, social needs, and other spiritual and material manifestations, we can also ascertain the deep symbolic meaning given to people by food.

  12. The Significance of Confucius' Life on Culture%孔子的生命境界及其文化意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈赟

    2012-01-01

    由“五十知天命”到“六十而耳顺”,是孔子生命历程的一个关键环节,这一生命的转进本身意味着中华文化之精神不同于基督教、犹太教与希腊、印度思想的特异性所在,其他文化或文明都将“知天命”作为最后的境界,即以“大体”形式出现的精神(心、性)作为人之所以为人的特性的呈现;但孔子却超越这一层次,将天命于人的一切,无论大体与小体,都视为人之所以为人的方式。故而能够在一切感官的特性中确证人性与天命。“耳顺”包括三个层次的内涵,是圣人境界的显现。%The age from fifty to sixty in Confucius life is very critical, because "at fifty, I knew what were the biddings of heaven" and "at sixty, I heard them with docile ear". This transition means the differences between Chinese culture and Christian, Judaism, and Greek and Indian religions. In other cultures or civilizations, "the biddings of heaven" is considered to be the peak of one's life, or they regard the general spirits as the representation of human nature. However, Confucius broke through this level and regarded the bestowing of heaven as the ultimate representation of human nature. Therefore, he was able to identify the human nature and heaven biddings out of all sensational features.

  13. 论广场文化对塑造城市审美形象的意义%On the Significance of Square Culture to Urban Aesthetic Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫付欢

    2015-01-01

    城市广场文化是一种具有构建城市整体审美形象功能的公共空间,对城市审美形象的塑造具有重要的意义.从广场文化的审美内涵、审美特征、审美构建功能等角度阐述其对城市审美形象塑造的意义,以期全面地认识城市审美形象的形成.%City square culture is a kind of public space which has the function of building overall aesthetic image in the city,which is of great importance to the aesthetic image of city. From the functional aesthetic angle of aesthetic connotation,aesthetic features and aes?thetic forming,this paper explains the meaning of city aesthetic image shaping in order to understand the formation of aesthetic image of city.

  14. Publishers at the Intersection of Cultures. The significance of Italo-Dutch contacts in the creation process of Joan Blaeu’s Theatrum Italiae(1663

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Moorman

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Editori all’incrocio di culture: l’importanza di contatti italo-olandesi per la creazione del Theatrum Italiae (Joan Blaeu, 1663 Sfogliando le pagine di atlanti urbani come il Theatrum Italiae, pubblicato per la prima volta nel 1663 dalla casa editrice Blaeu di Amsterdam, si è sempre potuto fare un viaggio mentale alla scoperta della penisola italiana. Focalizzando la nostra attenzione sul processo editoriale sottostante la creazione dell’atlante, analizziamo che tipo di contatti esistevano tra i Blaeu e i loro partner italiani. Il ruolo di Pieter Blaeu, figlio di Joan, fu essenziale per la fortuna dell’atlante urbano, in particolare per gli interventi culturali da lui svolti tra le parti italiane e olandesi coinvolte nel progetto. I Blaeu hanno voluto offrire ai loro lettori informazioni approfondite sulla penisola italiana attraverso testi e immagini che avevano − per quanto possibile − collezionato e ricevuto dai loro corrispondenti italiani. È stato grazie ai vari contributi offerti da contatti internazionali come lo scrittore Vincenzo Armanni, o il libraio Andries Fries, attivo tra Amsterdam e Venezia, che Joan e Pieter Blaeu hanno potuto ampliare il materiale già pubblicato in precedenza, in special modo il Civitates Orbis Terrarum (Braun e Hogenberg, 1572.

  15. 藏族地区祭祀物的转变及文化意义%The Cultural Significance of the Changing Sacred Items in Tibetan Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜亮

    2012-01-01

    藏族作为一个宗教信仰浓厚的民族,在其宗教发展历史上拥有种类庞杂的祭祀仪式,早期的活人祭祀、牺牲祭祀、后来的模拟祭祀以及演化出的静态祭祀物,每一类祭祀物都隐含着藏民族特有的文化内涵,代表着他们对于自身有限性的认知以及对外在无限性探索的神性诉求。%There is a variety of rituals in the religious history of Tibetans who have a strong faith in the religion. From the early human sacrifice, sacrificial rituals, to the later simulative sacrifice and the static sacred items evolved, each takes a unique cultural connotation of Tibetan people, and repre sents their divine aspirations of the limited self-cognition and the limitless external quest.

  16. The Nizhegorodsky Kremlin Armory, a Cultural Heritage Site of Federal Significance. Restoration and Adjustment for the Volgo-Vyatsky Branch of the State Center of Modern Art (2004-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Gor

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The article observes the peculiarities of the realized restoration of the Nizhegorodsky Kremlin Armory, a cultural heritage site of federal significance. The restoration concept was based on the principles of scientificity and authenticity. Its purpose was to retain the parameters and historical look of the Armory, as well as its aesthetic and historical value as much as possible, causing the least interference in the historical material of the site. The article demonstrates the appropriateness of restoration and all design decisions, which made it possible to reveal the historical and cultural value of the site, to improve its maintenance, to provide conditions for modern use of the building, and to make the cultural heritage site available to the public.

  17. Analyze the Source of the Kuso Culture and its Positive Social Significance%浅析网络恶搞文化的来源及其在社会中的积极意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王硕; 崔基哲

    2014-01-01

    Since culture is a way of life, the network culture is a way of life which is formed by the Internet. Then, as the emerging fourth media, the network has become a way of life. The formation of the network culture has experienced a process. This process first performance in the scale of the Internet is more and more big;people stay time in the online world is more and more long. In this paper, general research network culture, the specific analyses kuso culture, analy-sis in recent years and the latest cultural phenomenon, to explore the source of the kuso culture and its positive social significance.%既然文化是一种生活方式,网络文化也就是互联网所形成的一种生活方式。那么,作为新兴的第四媒介,网络已经形成一种生活方式。网络文化的形成,经历了一个过程。这个过程首先表现在互联网的规模越来越大,人们在网络世界停留的时间越来越长。本文大体研究网络文化,具体浅析网络恶搞文化,分析近几年和最新的文化现象,来此探究网络恶搞文化的来源及其社会中的积极意义。

  18. Significance on the bacterial distribution in blood culture and the positive alarm time%血培养菌株分布与阳性报警时间的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关幼华; 周金凤; 区云枝

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解血培养菌群分布及阳性报警时间在鉴别病原菌与污染菌中的意义.方法 对2009年7月至2011年12月间血培养分离的642株菌进行回顾性分析,观察菌群分布情况,对其中的148株可能污染菌与临床资料进行综合分析.结果 642株阳性分离菌中革兰阴性菌338株(52.6%),革兰阳性菌280株(43.6%),真菌24株(3.7%).<18 h检出376株(58.6%),19 ~ 24 h检出120株(18.7%),25 ~48 h检出89株(13.9%),>48 h检出57株(8.8%).148株可能污染菌与临床资料综合分析后确认其中111株为污染菌,污染率17.3%,均为革兰阳性菌,以凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌为主;33株为病原菌;4株不能确定.污染菌阳性报警时间均>18h,其中19 ~ 24 h 14株,25 ~48 h 40株,>48 h 57株.结论 本地区血培养菌群分布广,但污染率高.利用血培养阳性报警时间结合临床资料和其他辅助检查并按照一定的评估标准可以初步区分阳性分离菌是病原菌还是污染菌.%Objective To analyze the significance on the bacterial distribution in blood culture and the positive alarm time in differentiating the pathogens and contaminated bacteria. Methods The retrospective analysis of 642 isolates for blood culture from July 2009 to December 2011 was performed to observe the bacterial distribution, and 148 possible contaminated bacteria were comprehensively analyzed with the clinical data. Results Of the 642 positive isolates, 338(52. 6% ) were Gram-negative,280 (43.6%) were Gram-positive, and 24 (3. 7% ) were fungi. The 376 (58.6%) isolates were detected in 48 h. Totallylll of 148 isolates were identified to be contamination by reviewing the clinical data, and the contamination rate was 17. 3%. All the contaminated bacteria were Gram-positive, and coagulase negative Staphylococcus was major. The 33 isolates were pathogens, and 4 isolates were indeterminable. The counts of contamination durning 19-24 h, 25-48 h and >48 h were 14 isolates

  19. 基于感知重要性的立体图像质量评价方法%An Objective Quality Assessment Metric for Stereoscopic Images Based on Perceptual Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段芬芳; 邵枫; 蒋刚毅; 郁梅; 李福翠

    2013-01-01

    Stereoscopic image quality assessment is an effective way to evaluate the performance of stereoscopic video system. However, how to utilize human visual characteristics in quality assessment is still an unsolved issue. In this paper, an objective stereoscopic image quality assessment method is proposed based on perceptual significance. Firstly, by analyzing the effects of visual saliency and distortion on perceptual quality, we construct perceptual significance model of stereoscopic images. Then, we separate the stereoscopic image into four types of regions:salient distortion region, salient non-distortion region, non-salient distortion region and non-salient non-distortion region, and evaluate them independently. Finally, all evaluation results are integrated into an overall score. Experimental results show that the proposed method can achieve higher consistency with the subjective assessment of stereoscopic images and effectively reflect human visual system.%立体图像质量评价是评价立体视频系统性能的有效途径,而如何对立体图像质量进行有效的客观评价是目前的研究难点。本文提出了一种基于感知重要性的立体图像质量评价方法。该评价方法通过分析视觉显著和失真对感知质量的影响,建立立体图像视觉感知重要性模型,将立体图像分为四类区域:显著失真区域、显著非失真区域、非显著失真区域和非显著非失真区域,然后对各个区域分别进行评价,最后通过对各个区域赋予不同的权值从而预测得到最终的客观评价值。实验结果表明,该方法与主观评价结果有较好的相关性,符合人眼视觉系统。

  20. Significance and Path for Contemporarily Inheriting and Promoting Dunhuang Culture%传承弘扬敦煌文化的当代价值与路径探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖怀德

    2014-01-01

    敦煌在学术研究和文化遗产保护领域成果显著,在传承弘扬敦煌文化上还有较大空间。本文首先从分析敦煌文化的世界性和基本特征入手,阐释了传承弘扬敦煌文化的当代价值,提出了当代阐释、现代传播和现代审美等需要解决的问题。其次,在总结传承弘扬传统文化的经验和趋势的基础上,为传承弘扬敦煌文化进行了具体的路径探索。%Dunhuang has made outstanding achievements in both research and conservation of cultural heritages. However, there is still plenty of room for inheriting and promoting Dunhuang culture. This paper first analyzes the cosmopolitism and other basic features of Dunhuang culture, demonstrating the current significance of promoting Dunhuang culture, and posing some problems to be solved, including contemporary interpretation, modern communication, and modern aesthetics. Then it summarizes the experience of promoting traditional cultures, and finally explores exact methods to do so.

  1. Polar Lipids Analysis of Cultured Phytoplankton Reveals Significant Inter-taxa Changes, Low Influence of Growth Stage, and Usefulness in Chemotaxonomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cañavate, José Pedro; Armada, Isabel; Hachero-Cruzado, Ismael

    2017-05-01

    The high lipid diversity of microalgae has been used to taxonomically differentiate phytoplankton taxa at the class level. However, important lipids such as phospholipids (PL) and betaine lipids (BL) with potential chemotaxonomy application in phytoplankton ecology have been scarcely studied. The chemotaxonomy value of PL and BL depends on their intraspecific extent of variation as microalgae respond to external changing factors. To determine such effects, lipid class changes occurring at different growth stages in 15 microalgae from ten different classes were analyzed. BL occurred in 14 species and were the less affected lipids by growth stage with diacylglyceryl-hydroxymethyl-N,N,N-trimethyl-b-alanine (DGTA) showing the highest stability. PL were more influenced by growth stage with phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and phosphatidyletanolamine (PE) declining towards older culture stages in some species. Glycolipids were the more common lipids, and no evident age-related variability pattern could be associated to taxonomic diversity. Selecting BL and PL as descriptor variables optimally distinguished microalgae taxonomic variability at all growth stages. Principal coordinate analysis arranged species through a main tendency from diacylglyceryl-hydroxymethyl-N,N,N-trimethyl-b-alanine (DGCC) containing species (mainly dinoflagellates and haptophytes) to DGTA or PC containing species (mainly cryptophytes). Two diatom classes with similar fatty acid profiles could be distinguished from their respective content in DGTA (Bacillariophyceae) or DGCC (Mediophyceae). In green lineage classes (Trebouxiophyceae, Porphyridophyceae, and Chlorodendrophyceae), PC was a better descriptor than BL. BL and PL explained a higher proportion of microalgae taxonomic variation than did fatty acids and played a complementary role as lipid markers.

  2. Object crowding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Julian M; Tjan, Bosco S

    2011-05-25

    Crowding occurs when stimuli in the peripheral fields become harder to identify when flanked by other items. This phenomenon has been demonstrated extensively with simple patterns (e.g., Gabors and letters). Here, we characterize crowding for everyday objects. We presented three-item arrays of objects and letters, arranged radially and tangentially in the lower visual field. Observers identified the central target, and we measured contrast energy thresholds as a function of target-to-flanker spacing. Object crowding was similar to letter crowding in spatial extent but was much weaker. The average elevation in threshold contrast energy was in the order of 1 log unit for objects as compared to 2 log units for letters and silhouette objects. Furthermore, we examined whether the exterior and interior features of an object are differentially affected by crowding. We used a circular aperture to present or exclude the object interior. Critical spacings for these aperture and "donut" objects were similar to those of intact objects. Taken together, these findings suggest that crowding between letters and objects are essentially due to the same mechanism, which affects equally the interior and exterior features of an object. However, for objects defined with varying shades of gray, it is much easier to overcome crowding by increasing contrast.

  3. Performance Objectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-12-01

    objectives may direct students’ learning (Duchastel and Merrill, 1973; Kapfer , 1970; Kibler et al., 1974), since such objectives may provide...matter learning. Journal of Educational Psychology, 62(1): 67-70 (1971). Kapfer , P. G. Behavioral objectives and the curriculum processor. Educational

  4. Cultural commons and cultural evolution

    OpenAIRE

    Giangiacomo Bravo

    2010-01-01

    Culture evolves following a process that is akin to biological evolution, although with some significant differences. At the same time culture has often a collective good value for human groups. This paper studies culture in an evolutionary perspective, with a focus on the implications of group definition for the coexistence of different cultures. A model of cultural evolution is presented where agents interacts in an artificial environment. The belonging to a specific memetic group is a majo...

  5. 浅谈墨家“修身”思想对廉政文化建设的重要意义%On the Significance of Mohist Thought of Cultivating Morality in Independence Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张遂志

    2014-01-01

    Independence Culture plays an important role in fighting corruption and upholding integrity.In ancient Chinese,Self-discipline culture represented by the thought of Cultivating Morality is fundamental of Independence Culture.Mohist Thought of Cultivating Morality is one root of Independence Culture in ancient Chinese. According to Mohist theory,Cultivating one’s Morality is the root of studying and governing,and claims that self-introspective is basic method,and they insist on that practicing,critical thinking and improving ability are good method to Cultivating Morality.The significance of Mohist thought of cultivating morality in Independence Culture,mainly reflected in adhere to the practice value orientation,self criticism of rationality and setting up the correct friendship culture.%中国古代的廉政文化、修身思想所代表的自律文化对廉政文化有基础作用。墨家“修身”思想是古代廉政文化的重要思想来源之一。墨家将修身作为人们学习和治国理政的根本,提倡“反之身者也”的根本修身方法,坚持实践和批判理性、强调实际能力,提升自我的批判理性和树立正确的交友文化三个方面。

  6. Properties of Polymer-Composite Used as Fills of Asian Lacquerware: Issues on Restoration Processes of Lacquered Objects from Cultural Heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Solenn Le Hô

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the common problems encountered in lacquerware issued from cultural heritage is the appearance of lifting areas and some losses of material. Composite systems made of commercial polymer and different fills were tested as filling agents for the cracking, splitting, and losses compensation of Asian lacquer. For that purpose, the stability of traditional and modern commercially available materials usually used in the restoration practice of historical lacquerware was assessed. Their thermomechanical and chemical properties and surface state were evaluated by a set of techniques (TGA, DMA, mechanical test, contact angle value, and microtopography. There is a drastic change of the behavior of the interface between fill and Asian lacquer, dependent on the nature of the composite fillers. So the evaluation of materials and processes for the restoration of Asian lacquer were emphasized. The commercial Paraloid B72 used with glass microspheres as additives appeared to be the most stable of all of the investigated fillers.

  7. SIGNIFICANT ABSENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzan Orhan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Photographing the city pertains to photo-graphing architectural features, historic sites, streets, crowds, signs, the underground, crime, entertainment, recreational facilities, ruins, traces, and space. City, on the other hand, pertains to residential space that is de-stroyed and reconstructed at certain turning points due to economic, cultural, architectural, and demographic reasons.This study will attempt to examine the photographer as the subject as well as the boundaries of her photo-graphic designations in the face of urban renewal through sample projects. Also functioning as a part of the memory industry, which has been formed during the last half-century that simultaneously witnessed memory loss and memory boom, photography, albeit through certain projects, has proven the possibility of a critical gaze at social and individual testimonials. When Eugene Atget's photos of the old Paris which he took between 1898-1924 out of commercial concerns is viewed as a milestone, Antoine D'Agata's Psychogeographie (2005 and other similar projects can be said to not only docu-ment urban change and transformation but also act as intermediaries of defiance against separation from the accustomed living areas.

  8. Research on the significance of the establishment of the cultural ecological compensation in the continuous destitute areas%论连片特困地区文化生态补偿机制建立的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨枫

    2014-01-01

    After years of practice,the ecological compensation in China has achieved certain results, especially in the natural ecological protection.But for the cultural ecological compensation which is closely related to the natural ecological compensation, there is more research blank. Study how to combine the natural and the cultural ecological compensation,design the cultural ecological compensation policy, establish corresponding mechanism, which would have the profound significance for promoting the development of the continuous destitute areas in economic and cultural in our country.%我国生态补偿经过多年实践,在自然生态保护方面都取得了一定成效。但对于自然生态补偿密切相关的文化生态补偿,却存在较多的研究空白。自然生态补偿与文化生态补偿相结合,设计文化生态补偿政策,建立相应机制,对于推动我国连片特困地区经济与文化同步发展具有深远的意义。

  9. Mao Zedong′s Outlook on Cultural Hegemony and Its Contemporary Significance%毛泽东文化领导权思想及其当代启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世书

    2011-01-01

    The construction of proletarian cultural leadership is an important component of Mao Zedong thought.Led by Mao Zedong,Chinese people has indeed gained their say in culture and grasped the cultural dominant right,through popularizing education of culture,extensively launching ideological transforming movement and constructing works of "Red Classics".Therefore,Mao Zedong′s outlook on cultrual hegemony is really of great practical significance to today′s popularization of Marxism.%无产阶级文化领导权建设是毛泽东思想的重要内容之一。在毛泽东的领导下,通过普及文化教育、广泛开展思想改造运动和建构"红色经典"等现实路径,中国人民真正拥有了自己的文化话语权,真正掌握了文化的主导权。毛泽东文化领导权思想,对于今天马克思主义大众化极具现实意义。

  10. Agile Objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    German, Senta; Harris, Jim

    2017-01-01

    In this article, the authors argue that the art-historical canon, however it is construed, has little relevance to the selection of objects for museum-based teaching. Their contention is that all objects are fundamentally agile and capable of interrogation from any number of disciplinary standpoints, and that the canon of museum education,…

  11. MATERIAL CULTURE OBJECTS IN THE EPICS OF DEDE KORKUT AND ÂŞIK GARIP FOLK ROMANCE / DEDE KORKUT HİKÂYELERİ VE ÂŞIK GARİP HİKÂYESİ’NDE YER ALAN MADDİ KÜLTÜR ÜRÜNLERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Süheyla SARITAŞ

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available There is no doubt that the epic of Dede Korkut is one of the most popular Turkish folklore topics studied by Turkish folklorists. The book itself, which consists of twelve narratives, is considered as a bridge between the epic and the folk romance tradition, one of the most important cultural heritages of the Turks. Moreover, it contains spiritual and material cultural objects, important for the social and cultural life of the Turks. Similarly, a scholar comes across material cultural objects belonging to the Turkish culture in folk romances, created after the epic of Dede Korkut. In this article, in order to emphasize the changes in the social and cultural Turkish lives, I will be investigating the material cultural objects comparatively in the Book of Dede Korkut and Âşık Garip, a well-known folk romance which has an important place in the Turkish folk romance tradition.

  12. Yangshao Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Yangshao culture was born in the Neolithic Age. In 1921, archaeologists unearthed a number of chipped stone implements such as knives and axes; bone objects and everyday ceramic items. Thus Yangshao Village and its matriarchal society have

  13. Trusted Objects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    CAMPBELL,PHILIP L.; PIERSON,LYNDON G.; WITZKE,EDWARD L.

    1999-10-27

    In the world of computers a trusted object is a collection of possibly-sensitive data and programs that can be allowed to reside and execute on a computer, even on an adversary's machine. Beyond the scope of one computer we believe that network-based agents in high-consequence and highly reliable applications will depend on this approach, and that the basis for such objects is what we call ''faithful execution.''

  14. Object theatre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ryöppy, Merja; Heiberg, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    possibilities to emerge. We present a study in which the Object Theatre approach is applied to redesign socially shared everyday products that are located in public places. This project demonstrates how Object Theatre offers a broad perspective form which to explore and present product interactions....... In particular, it emphasises the understanding of a product by relating and changing perspectives, and takes into account context of use and diverse social settings....

  15. 谓词性主宾语语用文化的不对称性研究%The Asymmetric Phenomena of Pragmatic Culture in Verbal Subjects and Verbal Objects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张德岁; 张学城

    2016-01-01

    谓词性主语与谓词性宾语在话语功能、信息结构、语用标记、自由度等语用文化方面存在着不对称性。考察发现,谓词性主语是话题,谓词性宾语是焦点;谓词性主语是话题焦点,在对举结构中也可用作对比焦点,而谓词性宾语则是自然焦点;谓词性主语一般是已知的定指成分,谓词性宾语通常是非定指的新信息;谓词性主语可用语气词、代词以及语音停顿来标示,谓词性宾语则是用数量词来标记;谓词性主语的自由度高于谓词性宾语。%There is an asymmetry phenomena of pragmatic culture in verbal subjects and verbal objects, including dis-course function, information structure, discourse mark, freedom degree and etc. The results show that, verbal subjects are topic, verbal objects are the focus; the verbal subjects are the focus of topic, are the focus of comparison in parallel structure as well, but verbal objects are natural focus; verbal subjects are definite known constituent, verbal objects are non-definite unknown constituent; verbal subjects are based on anaphora, but verbal objects are based on the following reference; verbal subjects can be marked by modal, pronouns and speech pause, but verbal objects are marked by quanti-fier; the degrees of freedom of verbal subjects are higher than verbal objects.

  16. Fashion Objects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Bjørn Schiermer

    2009-01-01

    This article attempts to create a framework for understanding modern fashion phenomena on the basis of Durkheim's sociology of religion. It focuses on Durkheim's conception of the relation between the cult and the sacred object, on his notion of 'exteriorisation', and on his theory of the social...... symbol in an attempt to describe the peculiar attraction of the fashion object and its social constitution. However, Durkheim's notions of cult and ritual must undergo profound changes if they are to be used in an analysis of fashion. The article tries to expand the Durkheimian cult, radically enlarging...... it without totally dispersing it; depicting it as held together exclusively by the sheer 'force' of the sacred object. Firstly, the article introduces the themes and problems surrounding Durkheim's conception of the sacred. Next, it briefly sketches an outline of fashion phenomena in Durkheimian categories...

  17. Objects, materiality and meaning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lenau, Torben Anker; Lindegaard, Hanne

    2008-01-01

    The present research work investigates the relation between physical objects, their materiality, understood as the physical substances they are made from, and the communication from the objects. In product design of physical objects the communicative aspects are just as important as the function ...... be written into the object. The materials are therefore carriers of communication, even though this is dependent of the cultural context and the environment which the object will be part of. However the designer has only minor influence on those.......The present research work investigates the relation between physical objects, their materiality, understood as the physical substances they are made from, and the communication from the objects. In product design of physical objects the communicative aspects are just as important as the function...... of the object, and the designers aim is therefore to tune both in order to achieve a desired goal. To do so the designer basically has 2 options: Alteration of the physical shape of the object and the selection of materials. Through the manipulation of shape and materials can symbolic and sensory information...

  18. 体育动漫文化及其社会价值意义的研究%The Research of Sports Anime Culture and Significance of its Social Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王耀; 张鲲

    2011-01-01

    Taking the society culture significance of sports anime as the breakthrough point, through comparing re- search and the development situation of sports cartoon industry in China and foreign countries, and combined with the specific social reality, to our country sports anime cultural value reading, puts forward the development of the sports anime should make good use their special work of cultural functions, and eventually promote social and indi- vidual all - round and harmonious development of the study concluded.%文章以体育动漫的社会文化意义作为研究的切入.点,通过对比中外体育动漫文化的发展现状,并结合我国的具体社会实际,对我国的体育动漫进行文化价值解读,提出我国应做好体育动漫的发展工作,利用好其特殊的文化功能作用,从而促进人与社会的全面、和谐发展。

  19. On Theoretical Significances of“Ecological Civilization”from Perspective of“Cultural Maladies”%从“文弊”概念看“生态文明”的理论内涵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程相占

    2015-01-01

    将“生态文明”等同于“生态文化”不但大大削弱了“生态文明”这个术语所包含的对于“生态危机”的批判色彩,而且严重遮蔽了“生态文明”这个术语所包含的“生态价值观”的意义。从“价值观”出发可以看到“文化”包含着“文明”与“文弊”二重性,“文弊”概念对于界定“生态文明”的理论内涵具有三方面的作用:(1)明确辨析了“文化”与“文明”的联系与区别,有助于学术界进一步辨析“生态文化”与“生态文明”的联系与区别,从而促使“生态文明”这个概念更加清晰、合理,为国际社会普遍接受这个概念奠定更加坚实的理论基础;(2)突出了“生态文明”对于“文弊”的强烈批判性——批判现代工业文明及其哲学预设所导致的种种弊端,比如全球性生态危机、人的精神世界的荒漠化等;(3)突出了“生态文明”强烈的价值导向性——人类必须以生态价值观作为文明创造的根本原则,只有这样才能使人类文明避免饮鸩止渴那样愚蠢的自杀式发展道路。%Equating ecological civilization with ecological culture not only greatly weakens the critique on ecological crisis implied in the former term, but also seriously conceals the significance of ecological values it contains. From the perspective of values, culture contains civilization and cultural malady. The concept of cultural malady helps to define the theoretical significance of ecological civilization from three aspects. Firstly, it clearly discriminates connections and distinctions between culture and civilization, which helps to differentiate the concepts of ecological culture and ecological civilization so as to make the concept of ecological civilization clearer and more reasonable, which lays a solid theoretical foundation for the international community to generally accept it. Secondly, it highlights the

  20. Objective becoming

    CERN Document Server

    Skow, Bradford

    2015-01-01

    Bradford Skow presents an original defense of the 'block universe' theory of time, often said to be a theory according to which time does not pass. Along the way, he provides in-depth discussions of alternative theories of time, including those in which there is 'robust passage' of time or 'objective becoming': presentism, the moving spotlight theory of time, the growing block theory of time, and the 'branching time' theory of time. Skow explains why the moving spotlight theory is the best of these arguments, and rebuts several popular arguments against the thesis that time passes. He surveys the problems that the special theory of relativity has been thought to raise for objective becoming, and suggests ways in which fans of objective becoming may reconcile their view with relativistic physics. The last third of the book aims to clarify and evaluate the argument that we should believe that time passes because, somehow, the passage of time is given to us in experience. He isolates three separate arguments thi...

  1. Surviving Objects

    OpenAIRE

    Murjas, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    Surviving Objects (2012) is a devised multi-media practice-as-research performance based on extensive interviews conducted with my elderly mother and recorded on a hand-held device. Our conversations concern her experiences as a child refugee following violent deportation by the Soviet Army from Eastern Poland to Siberia (1941), and her subsequent route, via Persia, to a British-run refugee camp in Northern Rhodesia, where she remained for 6 years before arriving in the UK. In order to aid my...

  2. Change and clinical significance of procalcitonin and blood culture in exertional heatstroke patients%劳力性热射病患者血清降钙素原血培养的变化及其临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨巧云; 刘文明; 俞建峰; 曾景福; 许峂嵘

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨劳力性热射病( EHS)患者血清降钙素原( PCT)、血培养的变化及其临床意义。方法采取前瞻性研究方法,收集劳力性热射病患者34例,同时随机收集同期在ICU住院的32例伴有高热的脓毒症( sepsis)患者,比较两组患者血清PCT水平及血培养阳性率。结果热射病组血清PCT水平与伴有高热的脓毒症组患者比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),热射病组血培养阳性率高于伴有高热的脓毒症组患者,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);同样,EHS患者中血培养阳性组血清PCT水平高于血培养阴性组,但差异无统计学意义( P>0.05)。结论劳力性热射病患者即使没有细菌感染存在,血清PCT依然可被诱导释放。在血清PCT水平明显升高或血培养阳性患者中,即使找不到细菌感染的直接病灶,也应该使用抗菌药物。%Objective To investigate the change and clinical significance of procalcitonin and blood culture in exertional heatstroke patients.Methods We adopted a prospective study.We collected 34 cases of exertional heatstroke and collected 32 cases of sepsis patients with high fever hospitalized in ICU in the same period.T -test was used to compare the difference of serum PCT levels between two groups.χ2 -test was used to compare the difference of positive rate of blood culture between two gropes. Results The difference of serum PCT levels between two groups was obviously significant(P0.05).The serum PCT levels of exertional heatstroke patients with positive blood culture was higher than that with negative blood culture, but the difference was not statistically significant (P >0.05).Conclusion PCT can be induced to release in exertional heatstroke patients even absence of bacterial infection.Exertional heatstroke patients with higher serum PCT level or positive blood culture should use antibacterials, even if we can't find original lesions of

  3. Objective thermomechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Fülöp, Tamás

    2015-01-01

    An irreversible thermodynamical theory of solids is presented where the kinematic quantities are defined in an automatically objective way. Namely, auxiliary elements like reference frame, reference time and reference configuration are avoided by formulating the motion of the continuum on spacetime directly, utilizing the Weyl-Matolcsi description of spacetime. This restricts the range of definable kinematic quantities heavily. Solids are distinguished from fluids by possessing not only an instantaneous metric tensor but a relaxed metric, too, that represents the natural geometric structure of the solid. The comparison of the instantaneous metric to the relaxed one is the basis of the definition of the elastic state variable, the elastic deformedness tensor. Thermal expansion is conceived as the temperature dependence of the relaxed metric. As opposed to this reversible type of change, plasticity means an irreversible change in the relaxed metric, and is describable via a plastic change rate tensor. The relat...

  4. Significance of amniotic fluid cells culture in the prenatal diagnosis for chromosomal diseases%羊水细胞培养用于染色体病产前诊断分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘慈; 刘义辉; 刘学军; 王振海; 张晓艳; 辛虹

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the feasibility and necessity of amniotic fluid cells culture in the prenatal diagnosis for chromosomal diseases in order to prevent the birth of fetus with chromosomal diseases .Methods The 293 specimens of amniotic cell obtained by amniocentesis from 293 pregnant women with prenatal diagnosis indications were cultured and analyzed .Results Among the 293 specimens of amniotic cell ,14 cases of chromosome abnormality were found , with the chromosome abnormality rate being 4.78%,including 9 cases of chromosome number abnormality and 5 cases of chromosomal structure abnormality .The chromosome abnormality rates were different in different groups with different prenatal diagnosis indications ,in which the chromosome abnormality rates were the highest in the group with one party of the couple with chromosome abnormality .Conclusion The amniotic cell culture and chromosome karyotype analysis are the effective means in prenatal diagnosis for chromosomal diseases in the pregnant women with prenatal diagnosis indications at mid trimester of pregnancy, moreover, the combined detection of serological screening , chromosome examination and ultrasonic inspection plays an important role in the prevention of child birth defects .%目的:探讨羊水细胞培养对孕中期孕妇进行产前诊断的可行性及必要性,防止染色体病患儿的出生。方法对293例有产前诊断指征的孕妇进行羊膜腔穿刺,采取羊水细胞培养,制备中期染色体,分析胎儿核型,进行产前诊断。结果发现染色体异常14例,异常率4.78%,其中数目异常9例,结构异常5例,不同产前诊断指征分组中的异常率不同,以夫妇一方为染色体异常组异常率最高。结论妊娠中期对有产前诊断指征的孕妇进行羊水细胞培养染色体核型分析是产前诊断的重要手段,而血清学筛查,染色体检查和超声检查三者相互结合对于预防出生缺陷意义重大。

  5. Unifying Subjectivity and Objectivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murugesan Chandrasekaran

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The contribution of modern science to the progress of civilization is immeasurable. Even its tendency toward exclusive concentration on the objective world has had salutary effects of great value. Modern science has wiped away much that was merely superstitious or speculative. Its rejection of unfounded opinions and prejudices has helped the thinking mind question conventional beliefs, shed preferences and prejudices, and challenge established authority. But modern systems thinking inherited from natural science is the suppression of the subjective dimension of reality. Many complex systems are an attempt to define and represent all subjective experience in physical terms. The modern man has a bias towards objectivity. The powerful influence of sense impressions on his mind and thinking makes him ignore the subjective experience and consider only objective facts as a valid, legitimate and representation of reality. Observing objective factors that are physical is easier than observing subjective factors that are subtle. The mechanistic view of reality has led to the rejection of the role of the individual in social development as insignificant. The individuals determine the development of society. Their social power has its roots both in subjective factors and objective factors. Economy, politics, society, and culture are inseparable dimensions of a single integrated reality. Subject and object constitute an integrated whole. The mind sees them as separate and independent. Or it views one as completely subordinate to the other. Unbiased approach to the study of all human experiences may prove that subject and object are interdependent dimensions or elements of reality.

  6. Cultural diversity and economic growth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ager, Philipp; Brückner, Markus

    2013-01-01

    effects of cultural diversity. Our main finding is that increases in cultural fractionalization significantly increased output, while increases in cultural polarization significantly decreased output. We address the issue of identifying the causal effects of cultural diversity by using the supply...

  7. 传统文化对提升当代文化凝聚力的意义——兼论三晋文化的挖掘与传承%The Significance of Traditional Culture to the Enhancement of Cultural Cohesion——Also on the exploration and inheritance of Shanxi culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李卫朝

    2012-01-01

    In recent years,in the promotion of the cultural strategy,the exploration and inheritance of traditional culture is chiefly carried out by relying mainly on the development of economy(or tourism)as a leading role while regarding the development of culture as the supporting role,but this is not conductive to the better performance of traditional culture at a deeper and broader level.To deal with the situation,it is necessary to focus on the concept of cultural cohesion,clarify its relation with traditional culture and then carefully analyze traditional culture from such aspects as cultural changes,regional and personnel differences.Only by doing this can the wisdom and energy of traditional cultrue be fully adopted and the cohesion of modern culture be enormously promoted.%近年来,在推进文化战略的过程中,对传统文化的挖掘与传承仅仅从文化搭台、经济(旅游)唱戏的思维模式出发,这非常不利于传统文化在更深、更广的层面上发挥其作用。应该着眼于文化凝聚力这个概念,在厘清传统文化与文化凝聚力的关系基础上,细致入微地从文化变迁、地区差异、人员区别等方面对传统文化进行剖析,以真正汲取传统文化的智慧和能量,从而提升当代文化的凝聚力。

  8. Preserving urban objects of historicaland architectural heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bal'zannikova Ekaterina Mikhailovna

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Large cities of central Russia were built under the influence of the factors that played an important role in protecting their population; natural resources and opportunities for trading were also essential. The industrial development and construction of large industrial facilities were significant for the formation of urban environment. As a result architectural monuments of great historical value that have a significant influence on the formation of the modern city image were preserved.Nowadays, a great number of buildings of historical and architectural heritage turned out to be in poor condition. Funding and its efficient use are rational means of saving the most valuable objects of historical and cultural heritage. In order to do this it is necessary to solve the problems of developing complex and effective measures for preserving these objectsThe existing method of preserving urban objects does not focus on urban architectural objects of historical and architectural value. It does not cover the study of urban development features in architectural and town-planning environment surrounding this object, it does not determine the historical and architectural value of the object and it does not identify the relationship of the object and the surrounding objects as well as architectural frame of the total area. That is why the existing method cannot be considered an appropriate system for preserving the objects of historical and architectural heritage.In order to avoid the disadvantages mentioned above and to increase tourist interest to the architecturally valuable buildings in urban areas, the author has proposed a complex approach to improve the method of reconstructing urban objects of great historical and architectural significance.The existing method of preserving historical objects includes the preparatory period of studying the degree of historical and architectural heritage wear and decay, developing the techniques for strengthening

  9. Analysis of organizational culture with social network models

    OpenAIRE

    Titov, S.

    2015-01-01

    Organizational culture is nowadays an object of numerous scientific papers. However, only marginal part of existing research attempts to use the formal models of organizational cultures. The lack of organizational culture models significantly limits the further research in this area and restricts the application of the theory to practice of organizational culture change projects. The article consists of general views on potential application of network models and social network analysis to th...

  10. 试论中国“竹”文化的生态美学:形态、价值及其意义%On Ecological Aesthetics of Chinese Bamboo Culture:Form, Values and Significances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王全权; 沈颖

    2015-01-01

    Chinese bamboo culture is not only closely related to people ’ s daily lives but also linked with their spiritual world. The environmental protection situation is becoming increasingly serious and the ecological civilization development needs promoting, so it is of great innovation value and significances to make a study on the ecological aesthetics of Chinese bamboo culture. The ecological aesthetics has overcome the barrier of binary opposition between the anthropocentrism and the ecocentrism and has achieved theoretically the harmony between man and nature, which provides important theoretical inspiration for sustainable development of today’s China. From the perspective of ecological aesthetics, this paper studies the rich ecological aesthetic ideology in Chinese bamboo culture and makes an in-depth analysis of the ecological and aesthetic functions of bamboo culture through connecting Chinese traditional culture with ecological aesthetics. Through the study of the interplay between bamboo ’s role on natural environment protection and its contribution to people ’ s spiritual civilization construction, this paper reveals the important role of bamboo on the harmonious relationship between man and nature, which is of great importance to protect and improve the natural environment we live by. In various forms such as landscape design, couplets and plaques, poems and paintings, Chinese bamboo culture theoretically reflects the Confucian ecological aesthetic ideal of“commitment to benevolence and perfection”and the Taoist ecological aesthetic realm of“Tao follows nature”, in line with the ecological conservation mentality in Chinese traditional culture. Therefore, the probe into the ecological aesthetic value of Chinese bamboo culture is not only beneficial to realize bamboo ’ s ecological conservation function but also helpful to provide new impetus to current ecological civilization construction.%中国“竹”文化与民众日常生活息息

  11. 视觉文化视域下广告对消费意义的建构与影响%Construction and Impact of Advertising on Consumption Significance from the Perspective of Visual Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王蕊

    2016-01-01

    Today’ s visual culture has gradually penetrated into people’ s daily life, and further affects the people’ s perception of the world around them, and even affects people’ s thinking mode, behavior way and ideolo-gy. Advertising has obtained “attention economy” through the visualization of brand construction;giving the value of commodity symbols through the social significance of grafting;constructing aesthetics of daily life through the de-scription of the image of“beauty”. The impact and penetration of visual culture on advertising leads to the ideolog-ical orientation with the tendency of “fetishism” and “consumerism”, this is worthy of thinking and criticism for both the disseminator and the audience.%今天视觉文化已日渐渗透到人们的日常生活,并进一步影响着人们对周围世界的认知,甚至影响着人们的思维方式、行为方式和意识形态。广告通过商品品牌的视觉化建构,获得“注意力经济”;通过社会意义的嫁接,赋予商品符号化价值;通过“美”的形象化描述,进行日常生活审美化的建构。视觉文化对广告的影响与渗透,并由此导致了“拜物教”“消费主义”倾向的意识形态导向,这值得传播主体和被传主体进行深思和批判。

  12. Culture evolves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whiten, Andrew; Hinde, Robert A; Laland, Kevin N; Stringer, Christopher B

    2011-04-12

    Culture pervades human lives and has allowed our species to create niches all around the world and its oceans, in ways quite unlike any other primate. Indeed, our cultural nature appears so distinctive that it is often thought to separate humanity from the rest of nature and the Darwinian forces that shape it. A contrary view arises through the recent discoveries of a diverse range of disciplines, here brought together to illustrate the scope of a burgeoning field of cultural evolution and to facilitate cross-disciplinary fertilization. Each approach emphasizes important linkages between culture and evolutionary biology rather than quarantining one from the other. Recent studies reveal that processes important in cultural transmission are more widespread and significant across the animal kingdom than earlier recognized, with important implications for evolutionary theory. Recent archaeological discoveries have pushed back the origins of human culture to much more ancient times than traditionally thought. These developments suggest previously unidentified continuities between animal and human culture. A third new array of discoveries concerns the later diversification of human cultures, where the operations of Darwinian-like processes are identified, in part, through scientific methods borrowed from biology. Finally, surprising discoveries have been made about the imprint of cultural evolution in the predispositions of human minds for cultural transmission.

  13. 仰韶文化遗址区古土壤色度特征及其气候意义%Chroma Characteristics and Its Climatic Significance of Yangshao Culture Relic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯力威; 吴克宁; 查理思; 鞠兵; 王文静

    2015-01-01

    土壤可有效记录和收集环境信息,文化遗址区内的土壤包含了丰富的古环境信息,然而在诸多的研究中,对仰韶文化变迁与气候变化之间的关系研究较少,缺乏定量科学依据。为了探讨土壤色度指标的气候意义,半定量的恢复仰韶文化时期的气候环境状况,在河南仰韶村遗址选择1个含人类遗迹的文化剖面和1个没有人类扰动的自然剖面进行对比研究,利用日本CM-700d分光测色仪分别测试2个研究剖面土壤色度指标(亮度、红度、黄度),并与剖面的磁化率、粒度特征进行综合分析,探讨仰韶文化时期的古气候变化。结果发现:色度等各气候指标都能一定程度上科学地反映古气候变化,但仅根据某一种气候替代指标推导气候结果是片面的,只有综合考虑多项气候替代指标,才能够准确合理地重建气候的变化过程。色度指标沿剖面呈有规律的变化,文化剖面L*、a*、b*各指标值随剖面深度加深数值呈增加趋势,自然剖面a*值随剖面深度加深呈增加趋势,而 L*、b*指标值则呈减小趋势,同时色度各指标值可以与磁化率、粒度进行很好的结合。综合来看,文化剖面由于人类活动的干扰,气候的反演大致与自然剖面相对应,总体而言反映的气候环境信息大体相同,剖面从下向上可分为4个气候变化阶段,变暖期-干冷期-暖湿期-干冷期。这一结果也说明了暖湿的气候是文明繁荣发展的动因,而干冷的气候则会使文明走向衰落。%Soil can effectively record and collect environmental information, soil contains rich environmental information in ancient cultural sites. In many studies, however, the research of the relationship between the change of Yangshao Culture and climate change is less, the lack of quantitative scientific basis. To investigate climate significance of soil chroma index and recover semi

  14. Kuiper Binary Object Formation

    CERN Document Server

    Nazzario, R C; Covington, C; Kagan, D; Hyde, T W

    2005-01-01

    It has been observed that binary Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) exist contrary to theoretical expectations. Their creation presents problems to most current models. However, the inclusion of a third body (for example, one of the outer planets) may provide the conditions necessary for the formation of these objects. The presence of a third massive body not only helps to clear the primordial Kuiper Belt but can also result in long lived binary Kuiper belt objects. The gravitational interaction between the KBOs and the third body causes one of four effects; scattering into the Oort cloud, collisions with the growing protoplanets, formation of binary pairs, or creation of a single Kuiper belt object. Additionally, the initial location of the progenitors of the Kuiper belt objects also has a significant effect on binary formation.

  15. Challenges of conservation: working objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Professor Elizabeth Pye

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the concepts and practice of museum conservation, and the role of conservation in preserving both material and significance of objects. It explores the conservation of science and industry collections and the fact that the significance of many of these objects lies in their operation. It considers alternatives to operating original objects but emphasises the value of experiencing the real thing, and argues that visitors should be given greater physical access to museum objects, including being enabled to handle and work functioning objects. It finishes by calling for research into the effects of operation on the objects themselves, and into what constitutes a satisfying experience of working objects.

  16. KEEPING CULTURAL GENES ALIVE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bai Shi

    2012-01-01

    China's contemporary culture and the protection of its diverse cultural heritage have become some of the most talked about issues today.Cultural prosperity was put forward as an important objective of the Central Government's national development strategy last year.However,the industrialization and commercialization of China's culture have been both criticized and celebrated.Many scholars believe industrialization and enormous government investment may not be the best means to protect intangible cultural heritage (ICH).

  17. Study on the Significance and Worries for Grass-roots Culture in New Media Era%论新媒体时代草根文化的生存论意义及其隐忧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何华征

    2016-01-01

    “Grass-roots culture”emphasizes the main body of culture rather than the property of culture and has become an important form of “people’s culture”in new media era.Elitist’s political identification on the grassroots culture is not consistent with the facts. Grassroots culture as civilian culture has a non-elite,civilian,pluralistic and other features.It is closely related to the changes of media and is not necessarily to become the vulgar culture.From existential perspective,grassroots culture is conducive to the development of cultural individuality,social justice appeal,improvement of the status of the people,and dilution of the solidified cultural interests (collectivization)and so on.Of course,this new culture at the same time has a disadvantage on building the core values of socialism and social culture identity,and even the irrational collective madness and violence of culture may lead to more social worries.It is pos-sible to guide and sublate the new culture only based on deeply mastering new media information formation and transmission mecha-nism.%“草根文化”强调的是文化主体而非文化属性,它在新媒体时代成为“人民文化”的重要形式。精英主义者对草根文化的政治指认是不符合事实的。草根文化作为平民文化具有非精英、平民化、多元化等特征,与媒介变革紧密相关,并不必然走向庸俗文化。从生存论的角度来看,草根文化有利于文化个性的发展、社会正义的诉求、人民群众地位的提高,以及对抗文化利益(集团化)的固化,而对它的引导和扬弃只有建立在深刻把握新媒体信息形成和传播机制的基础上。

  18. Classification and Cultural Significance of the Qing Female Poets' Poetic Interpretation of Dream of the Red Chamber%清代才媛红楼题咏的型态分类及其文化意涵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王力坚

    2012-01-01

    The poetic interpreting is the Qing female poets' most common acceptance mode of Dream of the Red Chamber.The mode,by which they express their thoughts of various issues on Dream of the Red Chamber,is flexibly used in various occasions and space-time situation.The Qing female poets' recognition of Dream of the Red Chamber is the interaction on mode of life and literature.When the female poets focus on the original of the novel,they would be touched by expressing feelings on their real life.When they focus on their own life,it would be an extension of the real world unconsciously influenced by "the life of Red Chamber".The late Qing female poets' recognition of Dream of the Red Chamber demonstrates not only self-sufficiency but also open-mindedness.As a relative independent cultural phenomenon,the late Qing female poets' poems play a conversational role interpreting the characters of Dream of the Red with the(patriarchal)mainstream society,thus obtaining a rich and diversified development with the implication of gender ideology.It incarnates not only the literary / academic significance on acceptance of Dream of the Red Chamber,but also the social and cultural significance on the reality in the Qing period.%题咏为清代才媛最为普遍的红楼接受模式。这种模式灵活运用于各种场合、各种不同的时空情境,表达她们对《红楼梦》各种议题的所感所思。清代才媛的红楼接受,是文学与生活交织的型态,聚焦于《红楼梦》原著的题咏,无疑是缘自才媛自身现实生活体验的有感而发;聚焦于才媛生活的题咏,亦显然是深受《红楼梦》原著潜移默化的影响而形成的现实延伸。清代才媛的红楼接受既有较为充分的自足性亦有相当程度的开放性,而作为一个相对独立的文化现象,清代才媛的红楼题咏与主流(男性)社会的红楼题咏形成对话关系,得到更为丰富多元且别具性别意涵的表述与发展。不仅体现红楼

  19. 论新历史主义兴起之文化语境与理论意义%The Cultural Context and Theoretical Significance of the Rising of New Historicism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢絮

    2016-01-01

    在名目繁多、杂语共生的理论批评时代,新历史主义能脱颖而出,并从最初的饱受争议和响应者众多,到世纪末的相对沉寂,再到最近几年来研究热潮的回归,证明新历史主义有其自身的理论优势和适应时代和理论发展的能力。对于新历史主义兴起之初的文化语境的回顾和分析,挖掘其独特的理论贡献与当代意义,无疑有助于我们更加深入理解、运用这一理论。%In a varied and complex theoretical criticism age ,new historicism has become prominent and popular in recent years'research field from the initial controversy to a relative silence in the end of the 20th century and then to the return of the research fever ,w hich proves that new historicism has its ow n advan‐tages and the ability to adapt to the new times and theoretical development .Reviewing and analyzing the cultural context at the beginning of the rise of new historicism ,we find it helpful to dig out its unique the‐oretical contribution and contemporary significance for the further understanding .

  20. Analysis The Meaning And Significance Of The Cultural Construction In The College Dormitory%探析高校宿舍文化建设的内涵和意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海兆; 孙晓明; 翟杰

    2014-01-01

    The dormitory culture is an important part of the Campus Culture .It can guide students set up their philos-ophy of life .This article is based on the cultural construction of the university campus dormitory ,explore the cultural connotation and characteristics of the quarters ,analysis the basic principles of the college dormitory cultural construction , probe into set up a way to build the dormitory culture ,and all the efforts should be settled in the meanings and values of high school dorm calture development .%高校校园文化的含义非常广泛,宿舍文化是其中的一个重要组成部分,而且它也能够引导大学生的世界观人生观价值观的培养。论文立足高校校园宿舍文化建设,探索宿舍文化的内涵以及特点,探析高校宿舍文化建设的基本原则,剖析宿舍文化创建的途径,并把建设高校宿舍文化的意义与价值作为研究的最终落脚点。

  1. On the Aging of Objects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Bjørn Schiermer

    2016-01-01

    The article seeks to develop a new conceptual framework suitable for analysing the ageing processes of objects in modern culture. The basic intuition is that object experience cannot be analysed separately from collective participation. The article focuses on the question of the ‘timeless’ nature...... of modernist design and seeks to understand why modernist objects age more slowly than other objects. First, inspired by the late Durkheim’s account of symbolism, I turn to the experiential effects of collective embeddedness. Second, I enter the field of architectural practices and architectural theory....... Visiting early modernist ideologue Adolf Loos, I seek to understand the modernist attitude as a direct response to experiences of the acceleration of ageing processes characteristic of modern culture. I then try to show how Loos’s explicit awareness of the collective dimension is ignored by the subsequent...

  2. To Explore the Significance of Corporate Culture in the Development Strategy of Highway Construction Enterprises%探讨公路施工企业发展战略中企业文化的重要意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周行春

    2014-01-01

    随着社会经济的飞速发展,我国公路施工企业面临着新的挑战。一般而言,企业发展战略和企业文化是紧密相连的,企业文化是企业发展战略的灵魂,企业发展战略是企业文化的表现形式和支撑。%With the rapid development of social economy, the highway construction enterprises in China are facing new chal-lenges. General y speaking, the enterprise development strate-gy and enterprise culture are closely linked, the enterprise cul-ture is the soul of the development strategy, and the enterprise development strategy is the form and the supporting enterprise culture.

  3. Culture Matters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gillian Warner-Søderholm

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Whether managers are concerned with financial issues, marketing, or human resource management (HRM, cultural values and practices do matter. The purpose of this article is to understand Norwegian managers’ cultural values within the cross-cultural landscape of her neighbors in the “Scandinavian cluster.” Clearly, subtle but disturbing differences may surface even when representatives from similar cultures work together. As a follow on from the GLOBE project, data based on the GLOBE instrument were collected on culture and communication values in Norway from 710 Norwegian middle managers for this present study. Although the Scandinavian cultures appear ostensibly similar, the results illustrate that research can reveal subtle but important cultural differences in nations that are similar yet dissimilar. All three Scandinavian societies appear intrinsically egalitarian; they appear to value low Power Distance, directness, and consensus in decision making and to promote Gender Egalitarianism. Nevertheless, there are significant differences in the degrees of commitment to these values by each individual Scandinavian partner. These differences need to be understood and appreciated to avoid misunderstandings.

  4. 来华传教士跨文化传教策略的现实意义%Practical Significance of Foreign Missionaries'Strategy of Cross-Cultural Missionary Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李英姿

    2014-01-01

    作为西方文明的体现者和传播者,传教士在人类文化交流史上发挥了重要作用。明清时期大量西方传教士进入中国,他们苦学汉语,穿戴儒服,采取了融入中国主流文化、广交朋友、积极引介西方文化等策略,推进基督教在中国的传播。本文通过对西方传教士在华期间的跨文化传教策略的分析,深入探讨其对当前中国文化走出去的启示和意义,文章认为在当前宜采取本土化策略、隐性传播策略进行中国文化的海外传播。%Missionaries embodied and advocated western civilization around the world, playing an important role in cultural exchanges in human history. A large number of missionaries came to China during Ming and Qing dynasties. They studied the Chinese language and dressed in Chinese-style clothes, promoting Christianity in China through making friends with the Chinese people, introducing western culture into China, and integrating into Chinese mainstream culture. This article makes analysis on missionaries' strategy of cross-cultural missionary work in China, and discuss their influence on Chinese culture going out at present time. This article also maintains that it is better to implement localization strategy and tacit diffusion strategy for the popularity of Chinese culture around the world.

  5. Thinking through the sociality of art objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amani Maihoub

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A central theme weaving through this paper is the sociality of art objects in an essentially evolving, increasingly dynamic global art world. It examines a number of theoretical trends in anthropology concerning art production, perception, and circulation. Art objects are considered live social beings whose aesthetic value, significance, and emotional efficacy are subject to change in the course of their mobility through time and space. This paper looks at how artworks are incorporated into discourses of empowerment and advocacy, set against the emergence, growth, and intensification of networks of social relations between institutions and individuals, in a particular society and cross-culturally. It is argued that people's engagement with artworks is reinforced by the social parameters of transactional artistic fields of visual representation. Previous knowledge about the meaning and status of an artwork induces particular interpretations and influences the aesthetic experience. Case studies from the colonial Gold Coast and contemporary Ghana discussed here demonstrate that artistic subjectivity is entangled with aesthetic and other culture-specific ideologies within a sensorial sphere of knowledge and experience. This discussion highlights the theoretical implications of a processual relativist view of the performative life of the art object for the anthropological study of art.

  6. 浅析中西文化中颜色词语的象征意义%Analysis the Symbolic Significance of Color Words in Chinese and Western Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙宏翔

    2013-01-01

    Different color words are expressed rich in Chinese and English languages, these color words also showed a unique charm, they are endowed with different emotional and cultural symbol. Because of the difference between the two kinds of cul-tural background, the use and understanding will be different on the color words. In this paper, we mainly through lists and ana-lyzes the symbolic meanings of color words in Chinese and Western culture, so that we can use color words in real life applica-tions between Chinese and Western culture.%汉英语言中表示不同颜色的词汇都很丰富,这些颜色词语也表现出了独特的魅力,它们被赋予不同的情感和文化象征。由于英汉两种文化背景的差异,在颜色词汇上的使用和理解就会不同。在该文中,我们主要通过列举和分析中西文化中颜色词的象征意义,以至于我们可以在实际生活中恰当的应用中西文化中颜色词。

  7. Creating a Culture by Governance: Issues in Managing Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma. Victoria T. Herrera

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The management of culture involves a network of agencies, institutions and entities both from the public and private sectors. This is part of a collective process by which objects acwuire cultural significance. We create images of our nations, tell stories, and construct experiences for other people through exhibitions, festivals and other cultural activities. Our role is never neutral and it is important to recognize this power and the implications of our actions.In the Philippines, government has taken an active role in the production and management of culture. In spite of the relatively small percentage of funding spent on culture and the arts, it has extended support through various institutions and agencies that, at present, comprise a complex network. Through their respective programs, government has defined paths of cultural production-- from the larger policy framework for organizations to specific commemorative programs. Given this range of involvement, how has the state empowered people and organizations shape culture? What strategies has it taken to extend to support the production and distribution of culture?This paper focuses on two case studies that represent strategies the state has taken in cultural management. At a macro level, the changes the Cultural Center of the Philippines underwent reflect shifting policies and priorities. As products of changing political administrations, this institution went through a re-orientation of its mission. This came with an abrupt expansion in scale but without the necessary resources to support the CCP's new programs. At a micro level, the second evaluates the refurbished Rizal Shrine, Fort Santiago, one of the major projects of the now defunct National Centennial Commission. This underscores the need for a more transparent decision-making process, prioritizing the interest of the museum's public and not just that of the specialists who control the production of knowledge.

  8. RELIGIOUS COMMUNICATION IN THE CONTEXT OF CULTURE MEDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Petrushkevych, Maria S.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. The aim of the work is to determine the features of media culture that bind it with mass culture and mass communications and have the most significant effect on the general principles of the religious mass communication. In addition, the objective is to identify the skills system and traits of mass human that are necessary for using media culture. Methodology. The methodological basis is related to structuring, analytical analysis and synthesis of media features; highlighting phenome...

  9. Historic Sites and National Register of Historic Places, National Register of Historic Places - NRHP is a list of properties identified by the Federal Government as significant in American history and culture. These properties include districts, buildings, sites and objects of significance to the nation, etc., Published in 2007, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Maryland Department of Planning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC State | GIS Inventory — Historic Sites and National Register of Historic Places dataset current as of 2007. National Register of Historic Places - NRHP is a list of properties identified by...

  10. Historic Sites and National Register of Historic Places, National Register of Historic Places - NRHP is a list of properties identified by the Federal Government as significant in American history and culture. These properties include districts, buildings, sites and objects of significance to the nation, etc., Published in 2007, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Maryland Department of Planning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Historic Sites and National Register of Historic Places dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as...

  11. Sound objects – Auditory objects – Musical objects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjortkjær, Jens

    2015-01-01

    The auditory system transforms patterns of sound energy into perceptual objects but the precise definition of an ‘auditory object’ is much debated. In the context of music listening, Pierre Schaeffer argued that ‘sound objects’ are the fundamental perceptual units in ‘musical objects......’. In this paper, I review recent neurocognitive research suggesting that the auditory system is sensitive to structural information about real-world objects. Instead of focusing solely on perceptual sound features as determinants of auditory objects, I propose that real-world object properties are inherent...

  12. Sound objects – Auditory objects – Musical objects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjortkjær, Jens

    2016-01-01

    The auditory system transforms patterns of sound energy into perceptual objects but the precise definition of an ‘auditory object’ is much debated. In the context of music listening, Pierre Schaeffer argued that ‘sound objects’ are the fundamental perceptual units in ‘musical objects......’. In this paper, I review recent neurocognitive research suggesting that the auditory system is sensitive to structural information about real-world objects. Instead of focusing solely on perceptual sound features as determinants of auditory objects, I propose that real-world object properties are inherent...

  13. 论区域文化视角对新闻传播史研究的价值意义∗%A Research on the Significance of Journalism and Communication History from a Regional Culture Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田中阳

    2015-01-01

    区域文化是形成媒体个性风格,尤其是文化特色的重要因素。它们成为媒体的文化基因,成为媒体生命存活的“DNA”。考察“京沪冲突构造”中的近现代北京、上海报刊,分析湖湘文化对五四时期湖南报刊的影响,即可印证这一规律。前者构成1840年以来中国现代化历史进程中中国文化冲突的一个重要侧面,后者则孕育出了毛泽东这个影响中国历史和中国新闻的巨子,以此见出区域文化对新闻传播史的深刻影响力。%Regional Culture is an important factor forming an individual style of media,especially cul-tural features.They have become the cultural genes of media,and the “DNA”which has made the life of media alive.It can be confirmed by making a study of the newspapers in modern times in Beijing and Shanghai in the “conflict and construction between Beijing and Shanghai”and making an analysis of the in-fluence of the Hu-xiang culture on the newspapers in Hunan during the May 4th Movement.The former made up a very important side of China’s cultural conflict in the course of China’s modern history since 1840.The latter,on the other hand,carried within itself Mao Zedong,the giant who exerted great influ-ence on the history of China and news and press in China.It thus reveals the great and deep influence of re-gional culture on the journalism and communication.

  14. 接受美学视野中的靳羽西及其文化意义%Yue-Sai Kan and the Cultural Significance From the Perspective of Acceptance Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何世剑; 程慧雯

    2016-01-01

    靳羽西是世界知名的美籍华裔电视节目主持人、畅销书作家、优秀企业家及社会活动家。她的成功,在文化学、社会学、传播学及美学等领域中均有重要的认识价值。从“接受美学”的视角来看,靳羽西作为文化名人,其成功既有“童心”品性,也离不开社会、时代的“召唤”。她的出现及其在美容、服饰、时尚等方面的文化引领,恰好满足了思想解放和文化觉醒后的中国受众对“异质文化”的诉求及对“审美文化”“个性文化”的期待。%Yue-Sai Kan is a Chinese-American woman, a famous TV hostess, best-selling author, outstanding entrepreneur and social activist around the world.Her success is of great value of cognition in the field of culture, sociology, communication and aesthetics.From the perspective of acceptance aesthetics, as a cultural celebrity, Yue-Sai Kan’ s success lies in both her innocence character and the call of social era.The occurance of Yue-Sai Kan and her leading position in the aspects of beauty, apparel and fashion just satisfied the thought liberation and the demand of “heterogenous cultures” and the demand of “aesthetic culture,” “personality culture” for Chinese audience after the period of cultural awakening.

  15. Objects of Worship in South Asian Religions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Objects of worship are an aspect of the material dimension of lived religion in South Asia. The omnipresence of these objects and their use is a theme which cuts across the religious traditions in the pluralistic religious culture of the region. Divine power becomes manifest in the objects and fo...

  16. Objects of Worship in South Asian Religions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Objects of worship are an aspect of the material dimension of lived religion in South Asia. The omnipresence of these objects and their use is a theme which cuts across the religious traditions in the pluralistic religious culture of the region. Divine power becomes manifest in the objects and fo...

  17. Early object relations into new objects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downey, T W

    2001-01-01

    Two strands of change are suggested by this review, one maturational, the other therapeutic or developmental (Hartmann and Kris, 1945). By "maturational" I mean to suggest energies that infuse the individual from earliest life in a manner that includes object relations, but for the healthy exercise of which object relations per se need not be of central and crucial importance. Within wide limits such energies may be delayed until growth conditions prevail without significant distortion of certain of the organism's ego functions. Therapeutic change is analogous to developmental change in that both involve the crucial presence of another to release energies. In therapeutic change these are energies that have been repressed beyond the reach of developmental dynamics. In everyday development crisis and synthesis alternate in conjunction with new and emerging objects to add to the psychological structures brought to the fore by maturation. In many instances, as we see with John, over time and in a less focussed manner, developmental changes can approximate therapeutic change and visa versa. Freud-Dann in their "experiment" pursued one line, in which the equipmental delay brought on by extremely adverse living circumstances was redressed by providing an interpersonally enriching, loving, developmentally facilitating milieu. The sketches of individual children and John's subsequent story provide a perspective into what becomes the stuff of growth and what remains the stuff of neurosis. The developmental reserves and ego resilience of these children were impressive but probably not extraordinary. Usual growth ensued as soon as they were provided with the rich soil of Bulldogs Bank instead of the desert sand of the Tereszin concentration camp. However, no one can escape such adverse circumstances without having taken in the stuff of neurosis. Affects and percepts that were not assimilatable or even available to consciousness at the time remain buried in the unconscious

  18. Leadership and Cultural Competence of Healthcare Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dauvrin, Marie; Lorant, Vincent

    2015-01-01

    Background International migration is a global phenomenon challenging healthcare professionals to provide culturally competent care. Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of leaders on the cultural competence of healthcare professionals. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted from 2010 to 2012 to obtain data for a social network analysis in 19 inpatient services and five primary care services in Belgium. The Competences in Ethnicity and Health questionnaire was used. A total of 507 healthcare professionals, including 302 nurses, identified their social relationships with other healthcare professionals working in their service. Highest in-degree centrality was used to identify the leaders within each health service. Multiple regressions with the Huber sandwich estimator were used to link cultural competence of leaders with the cultural competence of the rest of the healthcare staff. Results Cultural competence of the healthcare staff was associated with the cultural competence of the leaders. This association remained significant for two specific domains of cultural competence—mediation and paradigm—after controlling for contextual and sociodemographic variables. Interaction analysis suggested that the leadership effect varied with the degree of cultural competence of the leaders. Discussion Cultural competence among healthcare professionals is acquired partly through leadership. Social relationships and leadership effects within health services should be considered when developing and implementing culturally competent strategies. This requires a cautious approach as the most central individuals are not always the same persons as the formal leaders. PMID:25871625

  19. Quasi-objects, Cult Objects and Fashion Objects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Bjørn Schiermer

    2011-01-01

    This article attempts to rehabilitate the concept of fetishism and to contribute to the debate on the social role of objects as well as to fashion theory. Extrapolating from Michel Serres’ theory of the quasi-objects, I distinguish two phenomenologies possessing almost opposite characteristics....... These two phenomenologies are, so I argue, essential to quasi-object theory, yet largely ignored by Serres’ sociological interpreters. They correspond with the two different theories of fetishism found in Marx and Durkheim, respectively. In the second half of the article, I introduce the fashion object...... as a unique opportunity for studying the interchange between these two forms of fetishism and their respective phenomenologies. Finally, returning to Serres, I briefly consider the theoretical consequences of introducing the fashion object as a quasi-object....

  20. Predicting significant torso trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nirula, Ram; Talmor, Daniel; Brasel, Karen

    2005-07-01

    Identification of motor vehicle crash (MVC) characteristics associated with thoracoabdominal injury would advance the development of automatic crash notification systems (ACNS) by improving triage and response times. Our objective was to determine the relationships between MVC characteristics and thoracoabdominal trauma to develop a torso injury probability model. Drivers involved in crashes from 1993 to 2001 within the National Automotive Sampling System were reviewed. Relationships between torso injury and MVC characteristics were assessed using multivariate logistic regression. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to compare the model to current ACNS models. There were a total of 56,466 drivers. Age, ejection, braking, avoidance, velocity, restraints, passenger-side impact, rollover, and vehicle weight and type were associated with injury (p < 0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (83.9) was significantly greater than current ACNS models. We have developed a thoracoabdominal injury probability model that may improve patient triage when used with ACNS.

  1. Anthropological significance of phenylketonuria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saugstad, L F

    1975-01-01

    The highest incidence rates of phenylketonuria (PKU) have been observed in Ireland and Scotlant. Parents heterozygous for PKU in Norway differ significantly from the general population in the Rhesus, Kell and PGM systems. The parents investigated showed an excess of Rh negative, Kell plus and PGM type 1 individuals, which makes them similar to the present populations in Ireland and Scotlant. It is postulated that the heterozygotes for PKU in Norway are descended from a completely assimilated sub-population of Celtic origin, who came or were brought here, 1ooo years ago. Bronze objects of Western European (Scottish, Irish) origin, found in Viking graves widely distributed in Norway, have been taken as evidence of Vikings returning with loot (including a number of Celts) from Western Viking settlements. The continuity of residence since the Viking age in most habitable parts of Norway, and what seems to be a nearly complete regional relationship between the sites where Viking graves contain western imported objects and the birthplaces of grandparents of PKUs identified in Norway, lend further support to the hypothesis that the heterozygotes for PKU in Norway are descended from a completely assimilated subpopulation. The remarkable resemblance between Iceland and Ireland, in respect of several genetic markers (including the Rhesus, PGM and Kell systems), is considered to be an expression of a similar proportion of people of Celtic origin in each of the two countries. Their identical, high incidence rates of PKU are regarded as further evidence of this. The significant decline in the incidence of PKU when one passes from Ireland, Scotland and Iceland, to Denmark and on to Norway and Sweden, is therefore explained as being related to a reduction in the proportion of inhabitants of Celtic extraction in the respective populations.

  2. On value and culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Value stands for the significance of things,and concepts of value are ideas,opinions and attitudes about what kind of things are significant.Studies on the concept of value cannot be separated from culture.Every society has its own distinct culture and concept of value shared by its people.The relationship between concept of value and culture shows that the building of the concept of value must be based on culture.Developing culture,providing excellent products of culture and better humanitarian environment are the premise for people's possession of the correct concept of value.

  3. 礼乐文化当代意义下的反思与重构%The Reflection and Reconstruction of Ritual and Music Culture in the Contemporary Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈思; 陈其射

    2014-01-01

    Being the core value of Chinese traditional culture, the ritual and music culture is the foundation of Chinese culture, and has a profound influence on China’s national consciousness and aesthetic psychology. It encompasses the three cultural levels of the ritual and music of witchcraft, ruling ritual and music, and Confucian ritual and music. The contemporary reconstruction of ritual and music draws the firmness of faith form the ritual and music of witchcraft, the advocating of patriotic spirit from ruling ritual and music, and the pursuit of social ideals from Confucian ritual and music. If contemporary society can make the three internalized in our mind and practice really, renaissance and imparting of the ritual and music spirit will be helpful enough, and our country’s inner national cohesion will be growing with each passing day.%礼乐文化作为中国传统文化的核心价值,是中华文化的根基,对中国的民族意识和审美心理都具有深刻影响。它至始至终包含了巫术礼乐、治国礼乐、儒家礼乐三个文化层面。当代礼乐的重构从巫术礼乐中汲取的是对信仰的坚贞,从治国礼乐中汲取的是对爱国精神的崇尚,从儒家礼乐中汲取的是对理想社会的追求。当代社会若能脚踏实地地将这三者内化于我们的思想和实践中去,复兴和传承礼乐精神将会大有作为,国家和民族的内在凝聚力将会与日俱增。

  4. Object-Interviews: Folding, Unfolding, and Refolding Perceptions of Objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Naomi Nordstrom PhD

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the object-interview as a Deleuzian space in which subjects and objects, living and nonliving, entangle together. I developed the object-interview to understand the connections that 11 Midwestern family history genealogists made between objects (e.g., documents, photographs, and other artifacts and their ancestors. The object-interview suggests an alternative way to think and do qualitative interviews informed by poststructural theories. The method draws on French philosopher Deleuze's concepts of the fold, events, and a life, as well as conventional qualitative interview literature. Deleuze's concepts offer a way to rethink objects and subjects as fibrous, connective, and folding entities in qualitative interviews. Such a rethinking offers an alternative to subject-centered conventional qualitative interviews in which subjects are teased apart from objects and subjects primarily produce knowledge. The object-interview, then, is a Deleuzian space in which the supposed distinctions between subjects and objects, as well as other binary divisions, become indistinct, or entangled, as both subjects and objects produce knowledge. That space enabled me to create the concept ensemble of life—a constantly shifting group of objects associated with a person's life. In this article, I describe the theoretical entanglement of the object-interview, the object-interview itself, the data it produced in my dissertation study, and the significance of the method to the field of qualitative research methods.

  5. The significance of being first: A consideration of cultural capital in relation to “first in family” student’s choices of university and program. A Practice Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Luzeckyj

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This presentation explores the differences between expectations of first in family students and students who have immediate family members (parents, care givers, or siblings who have attended university before them. The authors draw on Bourdieu’s notion of cultural capital to examine how being first in family influences student expectations. Data from a large survey of over 3,000 first year students conducted in 2010 across the three South Australian universities is used to explore the demographic make-up of first in family students, and the choices they make as to what type of university and program they enroll in. Based on qualitative and quantitative data, the authors compare choices of first in family students with those made by non-first in family students. Determining these differences provides opportunities for staff at universities to consider how they may better support students who have the ability, drive and determination to succeed at university but lack the cultural capital and may therefore be thwarted by unforeseen hurdles.

  6. 基辅洞窟修道院在俄罗斯文化史中的意义与价值%The Significance and Value of Kiev Pechersk Lavra in the Russian Cultural History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    皮野

    2012-01-01

    Not only did the establishment of Kiev Pechersk Lavra provide the battlefield for the spread and prosperity of the Orthodox Eastern Church,but it also provided the behavior models for the secluded lives of the religious followers,which further formed the Russian religious tradition.Kiev Pechersk Lavra reflects the organic and integrated character of the traditional Russian culture:it is the mother of the Russian monastery,the cultural node connecting various characters,various powers and many affairs,and the cultural system filled with contents.%基辅洞窟修道院的创建为东正教的传播和繁荣提供了阵地,也为教徒的隐修生活提供了行为模式,进而形成了俄罗斯宗教传统。洞窟修道院体现出俄国古代文化的有机性与整合性:它是罗斯的修道院之母,是勾连起各色人物、各方势力、诸多事件的文化节点,是内涵充盈的文化系统。

  7. The cultural dissemination significance of TV reality show--Tang Poetry as example%浅析电视真人秀节目的文化传播意义--以《唐诗风云会》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丹

    2016-01-01

    “真人秀”节目从西方电视媒体开始,经历的高度集中的发展,以惊人的速度在中国电视上发展壮大。在当今中国真人秀节目高度密集的情况下,如何利用真人秀节目进行对外文化传播,传播中国传统文化。文章通过对陕西卫视《唐诗风云会》节目的分析,总结了节目成功的基本要素。%The "reality show" program starts from the Western TV media, has experienced a high concentration of development, with amazing speed in the development of China's television. Chinese reality show highly intensive, how to use the reality show to carry out foreign cultural communication, spread traditional Chinese culture. This paper analyzes the Shaanxi satelite TV's "Tang poetry" program, summarizes the basic elements of the success of the program.

  8. Observation and Quantum Objectivity

    CERN Document Server

    Healey, Richard

    2012-01-01

    The paradox of Wigner's friend challenges the objectivity of description in quantum theory. A pragmatist interpretation can meet this challenge by judicious appeal to decoherence. On this interpretation, quantum theory provides situated agents with resources for predicting and explaining what happens in the physical world---not conscious observations of it. Even in Wigner's friend scenarios, differently situated agents agree on the objective content of statements about the values of physical magnitudes. In more realistic circumstances quantum Darwinism also permits differently situated agents equal observational access to evaluate their truth. In this view, quantum theory has nothing to say about consciousness or conscious experiences of observers. But it does prompt us to reexamine the significance even of everyday claims about the physical world.

  9. 布卢姆认知目标分类修订的特色及其实践意义--兼论教师在编制教学目标中问题的应对措施%The Theoretical characteristics and Practical Significance of Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives for the Cognitive Domain——Together with the Discussion on How to help Teachers Deal with the Problems when making Educational Objectives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾苗丰

    2013-01-01

    布卢姆认知目标分类修订从知识类型和认知过程两个维度来界定教学目标.以此对教学目标的编制进行分析,可以发现实践中的三个误区:第一,把手段作为目标;第二,目标的表述太宽泛;第三,目标、教学活动和评估三者不一致.本文应用布卢姆目标分类理论提出了三个应对措施:合理使用知识和认知过程类别的术语;目标中暗含适当的分类框架;正确编制教学目标使之与教学活动、评估三者一致.%@@@@Revised Bloom's Taxonomy of educational objectives in cognitive domain defines teaching objectives using two dimensions, which involves knowledge dimension and cognitive process dimension. These two dimensions fully demonstrate in a framework of two dimensional objectives. To analyze the process of making educational objectives, we can find three mistakes: First, consider the tools as objectives; second, the expressions of objectives are too large; third, objectives, teaching process and evaluation are not in consistent. This thesis puts forward three specific measures:use the terms about knowledge and cognitive process in a reasonable way;involve a framework in objectives;make objectives in a right way to make sure objectives, teaching process and evaluation are in consistent.

  10. Culture and Negotiation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bülow, Anne Marie; Kumar, Rajesh

    2011-01-01

    The literature on cross-cultural negotiation has expanded considerably over the past few decades, but the findings are often ambiguous and sometimes even contradictory. This introduction highlights the critical areas where objections are commonly raised about the relevance of national culture......, the applicability of typologies that treat cultures as static, and the problem of ambiguous terminology. It may not be surprising that studies contradict each other given the ambiguity of the national cultural construct and variations in the context of the negotiating situations that are studied. The articles...... in this issue contribute to deepening our understanding about cross-cultural negotiation processes....

  11. 75 FR 433 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Seton Hall University Museum, Seton Hall...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ... leaders, as well as being objects of cultural patrimony that have ongoing historical, traditional, and cultural significance to the group and could not have been alienated by a single individual. The... above is a specific ceremonial object needed by traditional Native American religious leaders for...

  12. Cultura de organizações públicas de saúde: notas sobre a construção de um objeto The culture of public health organizations: notes on the construction of an object

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeni Vaitsman

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Nestas notas, defino alguns conceitos necessários para a construção do objeto "cultura de organizações públicas de saúde". O conceito de cultura é amplo e deve ser ajustado aos tipos de fenômenos particulares que se pretende analisar. Tal como é percebida em uma organização pública de saúde, a cultura implica uma imbricação de fenômenos de distintas ordens, analisados mediante os conceitos de cultura política, cultura cívica, cultura organizacional e cultura profissional.The author defines some central concepts for construction of the subject of "public health organizations". The concept of culture is exceedingly broad, and must be adjusted to the types of particular phenomena analyzed. As perceived in a public health organization, culture implies phenomena belonging to different social dimensions and which can be grasped through the concepts of political, civic, organizational, and professional culture.

  13. Strengthening leadership as a catalyst for enhanced patient safety culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Solvejg; Christensen, Karl Bang; Jaquet, Annette

    2016-01-01

    rated job satisfaction lower than the staff staying on (ppatient safety culture are remarkable, and imply that strengthening the leadership can act as a significant catalyst for patient safety culture improvement. Further studies using......OBJECTIVES: Current literature emphasises that clinical leaders are in a position to enable a culture of safety, and that the safety culture is a performance mediator with the potential to influence patient outcomes. This paper aims to investigate staff's perceptions of patient safety culture...... in a Danish psychiatric department before and after a leadership intervention. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional experimental study by design was applied. In 2 surveys, healthcare staff were asked about their perceptions of the patient safety culture using the 7 patient safety culture dimensions...

  14. 优秀区域文化对青少年良好行为方式养成的意义%Gather the Positive Energy: The Significance of Regional Culture on the Development of Teenagers' Good Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴云

    2015-01-01

    区域文化类型繁多,地方特色浓郁,哲理深邃,内容博大精深,其教化功能潜移默化,为青少年良好行为方式的养成提供精神营养.区域文化中的优秀因子培塑了青少年的道德人格、增强了青少年的行为意识、提升了青少年道德行为能力,是青少年个人潜质发展、打造其个性特质不可或缺的养料.%Regional culture has various types, rich local colors, profound philosophy and broad contents. Its educational function imperceptibly provides spiritual nourishment to developing teenagers' good behavior. It not only teaches teenagers experience, knowledge and skills to enhance the awareness of their behavior, but also cultivates teenagers' moral personality and enhances their ability of moral behavior. Besides, it is a indispensable raw material to the development of teenagers' personal potential, good behavior, and personality traits.

  15. Objectives and Outcomes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Segalman, D.J.

    1998-11-30

    a significant exposure to biomedical topics and the integration of those topics with chemical (electrical or mechanical) engineering. o We shall provide unique opportunities for our students to work with clinicians and researchers in hospitals and other medical institutions. combined criteria a-k of ABET and 1-6 of AICHE (or IEEE or ASME) in some sensible manner. Here I have just estimated the number of distinct criteria that would be extracted from the AICHE paragraphs. These criteria are necessarily included because of the objective to producing chemical (electrical or mechanical) engineers. every student who desires an internship or independent study at a medical institution will be placed. a majority of our students will take either the FE exam or the M-CAT exam. demonstrating a commitment to professionalism and to life-long learning. a majority of our students will go on to graduate school or other post-graduate school. (I do not assert that this sort of outcome is appropriate to all excellent schools. In the case of this hypothetical school though, this outcome might be a reasonable expectation.) medical schools will rank our school as among the best from which to admit

  16. Selecting a Reference Object

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jared E.; Carlson, Laura A.; Hill, Patrick L.

    2011-01-01

    One way to describe the location of an object is to relate it to another object. Often there are many nearby objects, each of which could serve as a candidate to be the reference object. A common theoretical assumption is that features that make a given object salient relative to the candidate set are instrumental in determining which is selected.…

  17. Expression and significance of thrombospondin-1 in rats' hippocampal neurons cultured in vitro by fluid percussion injury%凝血酶敏感蛋白-1在液压冲击损伤体外培养大鼠海马神经细胞中的表达及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨术旺; 梁林; 战丽; 舒清明; 秦晓静; 张永亮; 董化江

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expression of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) in hippocampal neurons of rats cultured in vitro by fluid percussion injury. Methods The primary cultural neuron models of fluid percussion injury were established. The degree of neurons injury was observed by toluidine blue stain. The expression of TSP-1 in neurons was detected by Western blot and immunocytochemical stain. Results After fluid percussion, the results of toluidine blue stain showed that most post-injury neurons were necrotic cells, the cells body were condensed, and nuclei were pycnosis and dark blue. The results of immunocytochemical stain showed that there was some expression of TSP-1 in the neurons of control group, and the expression of TSP-1 and the positive cells increased in injury group. The results of Western blot showed that the optical density value was 0.937 ±0.194 in control group and 2. 318 ±0.495 in injury group, the expression of TSP-1 in the neurons of injury group was significantly stronger than that in control group (P < 0. 01). Conclusion The increased expression of TSP-1 may play an important role in the development of neurons cultured in vitro by fluid percussion injury.%目的 探讨凝血酶敏感蛋白-1(TSP-1)在液压冲击损伤大鼠体外培养海马神经细胞中的表达.方法 建立体外原代培养神经细胞液压冲击损伤模型,采用甲苯胺蓝染色观察神经细胞损伤程度,免疫细胞化学染色和West-ern blot技术检测神经细胞中TSP-1的表达水平.结果 液压冲击后,甲苯胺蓝染色显示,损伤组部分神经细胞胞体浓缩,细胞核固缩,呈深蓝色,多为坏死型损伤细胞.免疫细胞化学染色显示,对照组神经细胞内有一定量的TSP-1表达,损伤组神经细胞内TSP-1表达增多,阳性细胞数目增多.Western blot结果显示,对照组和损伤组光密度值分别为0.937±0.194与2.318±0.495,损伤组神经细胞TSP-1蛋白表达显著强于对照组(P<0.01).结论 体外培养

  18. Specification of Concurrent Objects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Morten U.

    relation over two objects and an event. In the model, objects can be composed by parallel composition, encapsulation, and hiding of operations. Refinement between objects is defined as fair trace inclusion.A specification language is presented where objects can be specified operationally by abstract......Concurrent objects are named concurrent processes that interact by invoking each other's operations. We describe how such concurrent objects can be specified, how objects can be composed, and how it can be shown that one object refines another.First a model is defined, based on a transition...

  19. The Financial World as an Anthropological Object

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naymé N. Gaggioli

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents existing approaches in Anthropology that have paved the way for the research of a contemporary significant object of study: the field of financial markets. The paper explores some of the most salient socio-cultural research leading to the conception of Social Studies of Finance, and presents some key contributions of these anthropological and sociological studies that challenge and present an alternative to the neoclassical approach. With their attention to detail, diversity and local specificities, this paper argues that anthropological knowledge can provide a unique understanding of the complex contemporary financial world, by which drawing attention to the diversity of forms taken by institutions, actors and practices that constitute the financial markets, particularly analyzing the specificity of local conditions in which these are developed.

  20. Acoustic imaging of objects buried in soil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frazier, C H; Cadalli, N; Munson, D C; O'Brien, W D

    2000-07-01

    In this study, we demonstrate an acoustic system for high-resolution imaging of objects buried in soil. Our goal is to image cultural artifacts in order to assess in a rapid manner the historical significance of a potential construction site. We describe the imaging system and present preliminary images produced from data collected from a soil phantom. A mathematical model and associated computer software are developed in order to simulate the signals acquired by the system. We have built the imaging system, which incorporates a single element source transducer and a receiver array. The source and receiver array are moved together along a linear path to collect data. Using this system, we have obtained B-mode images of several targets by using delay-and-sum beamforming, and we have also applied synthetic aperture theory to this problem.

  1. Automatic object recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranganath, H. S.; Mcingvale, Pat; Sage, Heinz

    1988-01-01

    Geometric and intensity features are very useful in object recognition. An intensity feature is a measure of contrast between object pixels and background pixels. Geometric features provide shape and size information. A model based approach is presented for computing geometric features. Knowledge about objects and imaging system is used to estimate orientation of objects with respect to the line of sight.

  2. Object oriented methods

    CERN Document Server

    Graham, Ian

    1994-01-01

    This book is a revision of Ian Graham's successful survey of the whole area of object technology. It covers object- oriented programming, object-oriented design, object- oriented analysis, object-oriented databases and treats several related technologies. New to this edition are more applications of object-oriented methods and more coverage of object-oriented database products available. Graham has also doubled the design and analysis material that examines over 60 different approaches - making this the most comprehensive book on the market. Also new is the foreword by Grady Booch.

  3. Objective perimetry in glaucoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klistorner, A; Graham, S L

    2000-12-01

    Objective perimetry in glaucoma is described using the multifocal pattern visually evoked potential (VEP). A multichannel recording technique was used to improve signal detection in healthy volunteers and assess its ability to detect glaucoma and early changes in patients with suspected glaucoma. Prospective, case-control study. Thirty healthy volunteers, 30 patients with suspected glaucoma, and 30 patients with glaucomatous visual field defects were tested. The VEP was recorded using cortically scaled, multifocal, pseudorandomly alternated pattern stimuli with the VERIS system (Electro-Diagnostic Imaging, Inc., San Francisco, CA). An array of four bipolar occipital electrodes provided four differently oriented channels for simultaneous recording. Signals were compared for different locations within the field up to 26 degrees of eccentricity. Healthy volunteers, patients with suspected glaucoma, and glaucoma patients with established visual field defects were tested, and results were compared with Humphrey visual fields (Humphrey Systems, Dublin, CA) performed on the same day. For reproducibility, five healthy volunteers were each tested on four separate days. The patients with suspected glaucoma and the established glaucoma patients were analyzed for intereye asymmetry of signals, and these data were compared with the asymmetry values of the healthy volunteers. Multiple recording channels significantly enhanced the recording of signals from parts of the visual field not reliably sampled with a single channel technique in all healthy volunteers, particularly along the horizontal meridian (P: < 0.001). Signal amplitude did not decline with age in healthy volunteers. Recordings showed good reproducibility within individuals. In all 30 glaucoma patients, the Humphrey visual field defects were well demonstrated by the VEP, and topographic location was strongly correlated (r(s) = 0.79). Despite large interindividual variations in amplitude, scotomas were well

  4. Promoting and Financing Cultural Tourism in Europe through European Capitals of Culture: A Case Study of Košice, European Capital of Culture 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Šebová

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper highlights the link between the European Capital of Culture (ECoC designation and the development of cultural tourism in Europe. Cultural tourism is the fastest growing segment of tourism in the world and is the desirable objective of new defined cultural policies in European cities. According to the European Commission (2012, it is estimated that cultural tourism accounts for around 40% of all European tourism. In general, the European Commission confirms the significant role of cultural tourism in the development of tourism in Europe and one of the most visible tools of this strategy is the designation of the ECoC. Cultural policy has also become an important tool of urban regeneration and in the rebranding of European cities. The case study of Košice ECoC 2013 presents part of the results from the Košice ECoC evaluation project. The Košice ECoC 2013 project was designed as a community led project which was targeted at increasing the cultural consumption of residents rather than the number of foreign cultural tourists. However, the biggest events such as White night attracted a lot of tourists from the wider region. More than 70 million EUR was dedicated to investments, which have significantly improved the culture infrastructure in Košice. The ECoC designation supported the local cultural buzz and led to new local production of modern culture, art and the creative industries. Other visible effects have already been seen in the advantages gained by the decentralization of the cultural infrastructure and events in the neighbourhoods. The involvement of people outside the city centre has avoided gentrification in the city. From this point of view the project Košice ECoC 2013 has had the prerequisite to sustainable cultural tourism in Košice

  5. Belongings: Oral History, Objects and an Online Exhibition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janis Wilton

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The New South Wales Migration Heritage Centre was established in 1998. Since 2003 its physical presence has been located within Sydney’s Powerhouse Museum and it has had the strategic brief to record the memories of ageing migrants before their stories are lost. The Centre is, however, a museum without a collection; a heritage authority without heritage sites; a cultural institution whose main presence is in cyberspace. Among its high profile projects is one entitled Objects through time and another Belongings. Both focus on the ways in which objects can convey aspects of the migration experience. Belongings, the focus of this article, presents the remembered experiences of people who migrated to Australia after World War II, and seeks to highlight significant features of their experiences through asking them to share their memories and to nominate and talk about significant objects. As a project it grew out of movable heritage policy work within state government agencies, and its initiators – John Petersen, Kylie Winkworth and Meredith Walker – were central players in this development. It was also inspired by the National Quilt Register of the Pioneer Women’s Hut at Tumbarumba. With its object-centred approach and accompanying edited interview transcripts, Belongings provides a focus for exploring the messages and emphases that emerge when oral history interviews concerned with migration have the specific brief to ask about material culture and its significance. Belongings also enables an exploration of the layering of those messages that emerges when object captions are located back in the context of the oral history interviews from which they were extracted. As a virtual exhibition, Belongings also provides the opportunity to consider the challenges for museums (virtual and real when they need to condense the richness of migrant oral histories and life stories to captioned objects that can be put on display.

  6. Object reading: text recognition for object recognition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Karaoglu, S.; van Gemert, J.C.; Gevers, T.

    2012-01-01

    We propose to use text recognition to aid in visual object class recognition. To this end we first propose a new algorithm for text detection in natural images. The proposed text detection is based on saliency cues and a context fusion step. The algorithm does not need any parameter tuning and can d

  7. Liposome-siRNA-peptide complexes cross the blood-brain barrier and significantly decrease PrP on neuronal cells and PrP in infected cell cultures.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce Pulford

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Recent advances toward an effective therapy for prion diseases employ RNA interference to suppress PrP(C expression and subsequent prion neuropathology, exploiting the phenomenon that disease severity and progression correlate with host PrP(C expression levels. However, delivery of lentivirus encoding PrP shRNA has demonstrated only modest efficacy in vivo. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we describe a new siRNA delivery system incorporating a small peptide that binds siRNA and acetylcholine receptors (AchRs, acting as a molecular messenger for delivery to neurons, and cationic liposomes that protect siRNA-peptide complexes from serum degradation. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Liposome-siRNA-peptide complexes (LSPCs delivered PrP siRNA specifically to AchR-expressing cells, suppressed PrP(C expression and eliminated PrP(RES formation in vitro. LSPCs injected intravenously into mice resisted serum degradation and delivered PrP siRNA throughout the brain to AchR and PrP(C-expressing neurons. These data promote LSPCs as effective vehicles for delivery of PrP and other siRNAs specifically to neurons to treat prion and other neuropathological diseases.

  8. From Cultural Awareness to Intercultural Awareness: Culture in ELT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Will

    2012-01-01

    Cultural awareness (CA) has emerged over the last few decades as a significant part of conceptualizing the cultural dimension to language teaching. That is, L2 users need to understand L2 communication as a cultural process and to be aware of their own culturally based communicative behaviour and that of others. However, while CA has provided a…

  9. From Cultural Awareness to Intercultural Awareness: Culture in ELT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Will

    2012-01-01

    Cultural awareness (CA) has emerged over the last few decades as a significant part of conceptualizing the cultural dimension to language teaching. That is, L2 users need to understand L2 communication as a cultural process and to be aware of their own culturally based communicative behaviour and that of others. However, while CA has provided a…

  10. Embodied Cultures of Mobilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2010-01-01

    contemporary theorists understanding bodily movement, material sites of mobility, and social interactions must be consulted along the road (e.g. Latour’s work on objects and ANT, Thrift’s work on the body and ‘non-representational theory, and Massumi’s notions of affects and emotions related to bodily mobility......The paper explores the relationship between the body and mobility by looking into a number of modes of transportation and their ways of constructing particular engagements with mobility. The ‘mobile embodiments’ are significant to a material and symbolic set of relations between human agents...... and material artifacts. The paper target the complex relationship between the moving, sensing body and the material and built environment of infrastructures and mobility modes in order to explore what norms, and meanings, and everyday life mobility cultures are being produced and re-produced in this process...

  11. Urine culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culture and sensitivity - urine ... when urinating. You also may have a urine culture after you have been treated for an infection. ... when bacteria or yeast are found in the culture. This likely means that you have a urinary ...

  12. Leadership and Organizational Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋丽娜

    2015-01-01

    This essay attempts to explore the relationship between leaders, organizational culture, and national culture. Leaders cre⁃ate“climate of the organization”with six mechanisms. Furthermore, leaders style of management is considerably influenced by their national culture based on Hofstede’s organizational culture theory. Varieties of examples and cases are analyzed to illustrate that leadership beliefs and practices have direct relationship with organizational culture and shape their individualistic communica⁃tion styles and goals that influence to a significant degree in establishing shared values, beliefs and practices among employees within an organization.

  13. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CULTURAL TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zrinka Zadel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The subject of analysis in the paper is economic impact of cultural tourism and identification of the main factors which directly affect cultural tourism revenues. Most countries do not have a statistical system of monitoring and analysing individual factors of cultural tourism such as the number of arrivals of cultural tourists and consumption of cultural tourists. Therefore, it is hard to assess the economic impact of cultural tourism. In cultural tourism, cultural assets are prepared and placed on the tourist market, i.e. cultural resources are transformed into cultural tourism products. The main objective is fulfilling tourists' needs, and achieving positive effects which includes economic effects. Identification of the economic impact of cultural tourism is important because cultural resources have an inestimable value for the local community. Tourism valorisation should be used in order to achieve the necessary maximum effects with minimum negative impacts which tourism may leave on cultural resources. The objective of the paper is to identify the economic contribution of cultural tourism in the Republic of Croatia and to propose a model of identification of economic impact of cultural tourism.

  14. The Agency of Memory Objects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiegand, Frauke Katharina

    2016-01-01

    and international tourists’ photographs and notes, especially their visual encounters with the exhibition, are understood as participatory interactions in the course of memory work. The article’s aim is twofold: introducing an ANT-inspired methodology to the field of memory studies, and mapping a Sowetan memory......This article analyses the multifarious acts of cultural memory taking place in the small, almost hidden, exhibition space of the famous Regina Mundi Church in Soweto, South Africa, home to the photographic exhibition “The Story of Soweto.” Next to the photographs (1950-2010) by well-known apartheid...... of action, examining the idea that objects, such as images, that leave a trace can act as mediators of memory. Starting from visitors’ appropriations of the exhibition space, the essay sheds light on the different life cycles of memory objects, in particular images, and their diverse mediations. Domestic...

  15. Object-Extended OLAP Querying

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Torben Bach; Gu, Junmin; Shoshani, Arie

    2009-01-01

    inherent in data in non-standard applications are not accommodated well by OLAP systems. In contrast, object database systems are built to handle such complexity, but do not support OLAP-type querying well. This paper presents the concepts and techniques underlying a flexible, "multi-model" federated...... system that enables OLAP users to exploit simultaneously the features of OLAP and object systems. The system allows data to be handled using the most appropriate data model and technology: OLAP systems for dimensional data and object database systems for more complex, general data. This allows data...... analysis on the OLAP data to be significantly enriched by the use of additional object data. Additionally, physical integration of the OLAP and the object data can be avoided. As a vehicle for demonstrating the capabilities of the system, a prototypical OLAP language is defined and extended to naturally...

  16. Safeguards Culture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frazar, Sarah L.; Mladineo, Stephen V.

    2012-07-01

    The concepts of nuclear safety and security culture are well established; however, a common understanding of safeguards culture is not internationally recognized. Supported by the National Nuclear Security Administration, the authors prepared this report, an analysis of the concept of safeguards culture, and gauged its value to the safeguards community. The authors explored distinctions between safeguards culture, safeguards compliance, and safeguards performance, and evaluated synergies and differences between safeguards culture and safety/security culture. The report concludes with suggested next steps.

  17. Defining Learning Objectives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍鑫红

    2014-01-01

    <正>This article attempts to introduce the teacher to developments in the area of specifying learning objectives.When you have studied this article carefully,you should be able to(a)distinguish between statements of aims and statements of objectives,(b)discuss the merits of writing objectives from the point of view of the learner,and(c)write both complete and abbreviated statements of learning objectives for different language skills,functions,and notions.

  18. [Historiography of medical objects].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cid, Felip

    2008-01-01

    It has become acceptable among historians of medicine to profess a predilection for the historiography of medical ideas. But it is justified all the same to ask whether the logical connection really caused the origin, the change, or the disappearance of the medical objects. The interaction of ideas and medical objects assure as much objectivity as possible. In consequence, the contents of the museums, medical objects, is an aspect rather that a branch of the history of medicine.

  19. Culture collections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, David

    2012-01-01

    Culture collections no matter their size, form, or institutional objectives play a role in underpinning microbiology, supplying the resources for study, innovation, and discovery. Their basic roles include providing a mechanism for ex situ conservation of organisms; they are repositories for strains subject to publication, taking in safe, confidential, and patent deposits from researchers. They supply strains for use; therefore, the microorganisms provided must be authentic and preserved well, and any associated information must be valid and sufficient to facilitate the confirmation of their identity and to facilitate their use. The organisms must be collected in compliance with international conventions, international and national legislation and distributed to users indicating clearly the terms and conditions under which they are received and can be used. Collections are harmonizing approaches and characterizing strains to meet user needs. No one single collection can carry out this task alone, and therefore, it is important that output and strategy are coordinated to ensure culture collections deliver the basic resources and services microbiological innovation requires. This chapter describes the types of collection and how they can implement quality management systems and operate to deliver their basic functions. The links to information sources given not only provide support for the practitioners within collections but also provide guidance to users on accessing the huge resource available and how they can help ensure microbiology has the resources and a solid platform for future development.

  20. Organizational Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian HUDREA

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Cultural orientations of an organization can be its greatest strength, providing the basis for problem solving, cooperation, and communication. Culture, however, can also inhibit needed changes. Cultural changes typically happen slowly – but without cultural change, many other organizational changes are doomed to fail. The dominant culture of an organization is a major contributor to its success. But, of course, no organizational culture is purely one type or another. And the existence of secondary cultures can provide the basis for change. Therefore, organizations need to understand the cultural environments and values.

  1. Learning Objects and Gerontology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinreich, Donna M.; Tompkins, Catherine J.

    2006-01-01

    Virtual AGE (vAGE) is an asynchronous educational environment that utilizes learning objects focused on gerontology and a learning anytime/anywhere philosophy. This paper discusses the benefits of asynchronous instruction and the process of creating learning objects. Learning objects are "small, reusable chunks of instructional media" Wiley…

  2. Survivability via Control Objectives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    CAMPBELL,PHILIP L.

    2000-08-11

    Control objectives open an additional front in the survivability battle. A given set of control objectives is valuable if it represents good practices, it is complete (it covers all the necessary areas), and it is auditable. CobiT and BS 7799 are two examples of control objective sets.

  3. Presentation on Instructional Objectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naz, Bibi Asia

    2009-01-01

    "Learning can be defined as change in a student's capacity for performance as a result of experience" (Kenneth D. Moore). The intended changes should be specified in instructional objectives. Viewed in this context, an objective can be defined as a clear and unambiguous description of your instructional intent. An objective is not a…

  4. On the Crime Object

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akutaev, Rasul M.; Magomedov, Guseyn B.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the research of this problem is caused by the theoretical and practical needs of a specific concept of the crime object as one of the corpus delicti signs essentially the determining and defining its object and objective side, thereby--the nature of socially dangerous act. Besides, being a facultative sign of corpus delicti, the…

  5. Birth of the Object: Detection of Objectness and Extraction of Object Shape through Object Action Complexes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kraft, Dirk; Pugeault, Nicolas; Baseski, Emre

    2008-01-01

    interact. First, by making use of an object independent grasping mechanism, physical control over potential objects can be gained. Having evaluated the initial grasping mechanism as being successful, a second behavior extracts the object shape by making use of prediction based on the motion induced...

  6. Objects in Motion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damonte, Kathleen

    2004-01-01

    One thing scientists study is how objects move. A famous scientist named Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) spent a lot of time observing objects in motion and came up with three laws that describe how things move. This explanation only deals with the first of his three laws of motion. Newton's First Law of Motion says that moving objects will continue…

  7. Ownership and Object History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Ori; Neary, Karen R.; Defeyter, Margaret A.; Malcolm, Sarah L.

    2011-01-01

    Appropriate behavior in relation to an object often requires judging whether it is owned and, if so, by whom. The authors propose accounts of how people make these judgments. Our central claim is that both judgments often involve making inferences about object history. In judging whether objects are owned, people may assume that artifacts (e.g.,…

  8. A estrutura do sentimento e das formas sócio-culturais: o sentido de literatura e de experiência para a sociologia da cultura de Raymond Williams Structures of feeling and socio-cultural formations: the significance of literature and experience to Raymond William's sociology of culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Filmer

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Williams elabora o conceito de estrutura de sentimento de diversas maneiras em vários trechos importantes de sua obra. Este conceito adquire uma signifi cância metodológica especial ao relacionar o extraordinário da literatura imaginativa ao ordinário do processo cultural. Ele é empregado particularmente para mostrar o sentido de literatura na articulação de alternativas para as visões dominantes de mundo, e, consequentemente, para a política da mudança social. As diferentes formulações do conceito apresentadas por Williams são discutidas através da maneira como a experiência refl exiva se relaciona com as estruturas institucionais, com o estruturalismo genérico de Goldmann e com os conceitos de “habitus” e campo cultural de Bourdieu. Três tipos de críticas são levados em conta e têm em comum a ideia de que o conceito não é claro. Ao ser usado na análise da literatura e seus símbolos, este conceito pode contribuir para o esclarecimento da complexidade dos processos de comunicação refl exiva da experiência, que estão enraizados na ordem e na mudança social. Palavras-chave: Cultura. Experiência. Formação. Ideologia. Literatura. Estrutura. Williams elaborates the concept of structures of feeling in different ways at important points in his writings. This gives it a particular methodological signifi cance in relating the extraordinariness of imaginative literature to the ordinariness of cultural process. It is employed particularly to show the signifi cance of literature for the articulation of alternatives to dominant world views, and thus to the politics of social change. Williams’s different formulations of the concept are discussed in terms of their ways of relating refl exive experience to institutional structures and in relation to the genetic structuralism of Goldmann and Bourdieu’s concepts of habitus and cultural fi eld. Three types of criticisms are considered, which have in common the

  9. Culturing Schwann Cells from Neonatal Rats by Improved Enzyme Digestion Combined with Explants-culture Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Di; Liang, Xiao-Chun; Zhang, Hong

    2016-08-01

    Objective To develop an improved method for culturing Schwann cells(SCs) by using both enzyme digestion and explants-culture approaches and compared with traditional explants-culture method and general hemi-explants-culture method. Methods Bilaterally sciatic nerves and brachial plexus nerves were dissected from 3 to 5-day-old neonatal SD rats and explants-culture method,general hemi-explants-culture method,and improved enzyme digestion combined with explants-culture method were adopted to culture SCs,respectively. SCs were digested and passaged after 7 days in culture and counted under the microscope. The purity of SCs was identified by S-100 immunofluorescence staining. Results The SCs of improved method group grew fastest and the total number of cells obtained was(1.85±0.13)×10(6);the SCs of the hemi-explants-culture method group grew slower than the improved method group and the total number of cells obtained was (1.10±0.10)×10(6);the SCs of the explants-culture method group grew slowest and the total number of cells obtained was (0.77±0.03)×10(6).The total number of cells obtained showed significant difference among the three groups(Pculture method group,and (74.50±4.23)% in the explants-culture method group(Pculture method can obtain sufficient amount of high-purity SCs in a short time and thus may be applied in further research on peripheral nerve regeneration.

  10. A multilevel model of patient safety culture: cross-level relationship between organizational culture and patient safety behavior in Taiwan's hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, I-Chi; Ng, Hui-Fuang; Li, Hung-Hui

    2012-01-01

    As health-care organizations endeavor to improve their quality of care, there is a growing recognition of the importance of establishing a culture of patient safety. The main objective of this study was to investigate the cross-level influences of organizational culture on patient safety behavior in Taiwan's hospitals. The authors measured organizational culture (bureaucratic, supportive and innovative culture), patient safety culture and behavior from 788 hospital workers among 42 hospitals in Taiwan. Multilevel analysis was applied to explore the relationship between organizational culture (group level) and patient safety behavior (individual level). Patient safety culture had positive impact on patient safety behavior in Taiwan's hospitals. The results also indicated that bureaucratic, innovative and supportive organizational cultures all had direct influence on patient safety behavior. However, only supportive culture demonstrated significant moderation effect on the relationship between patient safety culture and patient safety behavior. Furthermore, organizational culture strength was shown correlated negatively with patient safety culture variability. Overall, organizational culture plays an important role in patient safety activities. Safety behaviors of hospital staff are partly influenced by the prevailing cultural norms in their organizations and work groups. For management implications, constructed patient priority from management commitment to leadership is necessary. For academic implications, research on patient safety should consider leadership, group dynamics and organizational learning. These factors are important for understanding the barriers and the possibilities embedded in patient safety. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  11. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the disease specific questionnaire OQLQ in Serbian patients with malocclusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vucic Ljiljana

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Dentofacial disorders may potentially significantly affect the quality of life. Objectives of this study were to validate translated and culturally adapted Orthognatic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ on a cohort of Serbian patients with malocclusions.

  12. Culture shock and travelers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, L; Leggat, P A

    1998-06-01

    compounds. This readjustment back to their own culture after a period of time abroad has been termed "reverse culture shock, a condition which has been studied in both corporate managers and Peace Corps volunteers. With culture shock and many other processes of psychological adjustment, people tend to suffer alone, thinking that they are the only ones not coping well with their new circumstance. The objective of this paper was to bring the phenomenon of culture shock to the awareness of travel health advisors, who can in turn advise travelers, especially longer term travelers, about having realistic expectations of their travel and life in new cultures.

  13. Per Object statistical analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    Variable. This procedure was developed in order to be able to export objects as ESRI shape data with the 90-percentile of the Hue of each object's pixels as an item in the shape attribute table. This procedure uses a sub-level single pixel chessboard segmentation, loops for each of the objects......This RS code is to do Object-by-Object analysis of each Object's sub-objects, e.g. statistical analysis of an object's individual image data pixels. Statistics, such as percentiles (so-called "quartiles") are derived by the process, but the return of that can only be a Scene Variable, not an Object...... of a specific class in turn, and uses as pair of PPO stages to derive the statistics and then assign them to the objects' Object Variables. It may be that this could all be done in some other, simply way, but several other ways that were tried did not succeed. The procedure ouptut has been tested against...

  14. Words without Objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Laycock

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Resolution of the problem of mass nouns depends on an expansion of our semantic/ontological taxonomy. Semantically, mass nouns are neither singular nor plural; they apply to neither just one object, nor to many objects, at a time. But their deepest kinship links them to the plural. A plural phrase — 'the cats in Kingston' — does not denote a single plural thing, but merely many distinct things. Just so, 'the water in the lake' does not denote a single aggregate — it is not ONE, but rather MUCH. The world is not the totality of singular objects, plural objects, and mass objects; for there are no plural or mass objects. It is the totality of single objects and (just stuff.

  15. Medical image segmentation using object atlas versus object cloud models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phellan, Renzo; Falcão, Alexandre X.; Udupa, Jayaram K.

    2015-03-01

    Medical image segmentation is crucial for quantitative organ analysis and surgical planning. Since interactive segmentation is not practical in a production-mode clinical setting, automatic methods based on 3D object appearance models have been proposed. Among them, approaches based on object atlas are the most actively investigated. A key drawback of these approaches is that they require a time-costly image registration process to build and deploy the atlas. Object cloud models (OCM) have been introduced to avoid registration, considerably speeding up the whole process, but they have not been compared to object atlas models (OAM). The present paper fills this gap by presenting a comparative analysis of the two approaches in the task of individually segmenting nine anatomical structures of the human body. Our results indicate that OCM achieve a statistically significant better accuracy for seven anatomical structures, in terms of Dice Similarity Coefficient and Average Symmetric Surface Distance.

  16. 消费语境下体育文化符号的社会学意义--运动鞋文化之于大众体育运动的影响%The Sociological Significance of A Sports Culture Symbol Under Consumption Context---The Influence of Sneaker Culture Upon Mass Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜朝辉

    2014-01-01

    本文运用文献研究、问卷调查、随机走访、数理统计与分析法,分析和研究运动鞋文化对于大众体育运动的影响。研究发现,运动鞋文化对于深化大众对体育的认知和认同、培育和催生大众体育新的需求动机、激励和引领大众体育运动参与行为等方面具有重要意义。运动鞋生产商应根据大众文化需求、心理需求和市场需求,研究、设计和生产不同规格、不同品格、不同价格的运动鞋,使运动鞋及其文化人人消费得起、人人乐于消费,让大众体育运动成为每一个人的思想自觉和行为自觉。%Based on literature review ,questionnaire ,random interviews ,mathematical statistics and analysis methods ,this paper has analyzed and studied the influence of sports shoes upon sports culture .The study shows that ,sports shoes culture has positive effects on the deepening of mass sports cognition ,fosters the birth of new identity of mass sports demand motivation ,and is incen‐tive to guide the mass sports participation behaviors .Thus ,sports shoes manufacturers should research ,design and produce sports shoes of different specifications ,characters and prices according to the demand of mass culture ,consumers’ psychology and market so that the sports shoes and cultural is affordable for everyone and everyone is willing to consume ,which make the mass sports be‐come a conscious thought and behavior of each individual .

  17. Organizational culture associated with provider satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scammon, Debra L.; Tabler, Jennifer; Brunisholz, Kimberly; Gren, Lisa H.; Kim, Jaewhan; Tomoaia-Cotisel, Andrada; Day, Julie; Farrell, Timothy W.; Waitzman, Norman J.; Magill, Michael K.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Assess 1) provider satisfaction with specific elements of PCMH; 2) clinic organizational cultures; 3) associations between provider satisfaction and clinic culture. Methods Cross sectional study with surveys conducted in 2011 with providers and staff in 10 primary care clinics implementing their version of a PCMH: Care by Design™. Measures included the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI) and the American Medical Group Association provider satisfaction survey. Results Providers were most satisfied with quality of care (M=4.14; scale=1–5) and interactions with patients (M=4.12) and least satisfied with time spent working (M=3.47), paper work (M =3.45) and compensation (M=3.35). Culture profiles differed across clinics with family/clan and hierarchical the most common. Significant correlations (p ≤ 0.05) between provider satisfaction and clinic culture archetypes included: family/clan negatively correlated with administrative work; entrepreneurial positively correlated with the Time Spent Working dimension; market/rational positively correlated with how practices were facing economic and strategic challenges; and hierarchical negatively correlated with Relationships with Staff and Resource dimensions. Discussion Provider satisfaction is an important metric for assessing experiences with features of a PCMH model. Conclusions Identification of clinic-specific culture archetypes and archetype associations with provider satisfaction can help inform practice redesign. Attention to effective methods for changing organizational culture is recommended. PMID:24610184

  18. Industrial cultures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Lauge Baungaard

    1996-01-01

    The chapter deals with different paradigms andtheories of cultural development. The problem toexplain change and methods to analyse developmentin different cultures are presented and discussed.......The chapter deals with different paradigms andtheories of cultural development. The problem toexplain change and methods to analyse developmentin different cultures are presented and discussed....

  19. Isolation and culture of chicken primordial follicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leghari, Imdad Hussain; Zhao, Dan; Mi, Yuling; Zhang, Caiqiao

    2015-10-01

    The establishment of a primordial follicle culture system is important for the study of follicular development. Hence, the objective of this study was to isolate chicken primordial follicles and establish culture methods. Ovaries from 2-wk-old chickens were treated with trypsin-EDTA, collagenase II, or collagenase type IA, along with a mechanical isolation technique. Isolated follicles were cultured under different conditions. Results showed a significant difference in the follicular recovery and survival rates among different enzymes and methods used. The maximal follicular yield was obtained by trypsin+EDTA and collagenase II digestion, followed by collagenase type IA digestion. However, the highest follicular viability rate was observed in groups of collagenase type IA digestion and the mechanical isolation method. Enzymatic treatment resulted in higher misshapen oocytes or follicles, though the diameters of the follicles were not significantly changed. In addition, our follicle culture results for different conditions showed maximal survival rates of primordial follicles in alginate hydrogel beads after 12 d of culture. Thus, we successfully established methods for isolating and culturing chicken primordial follicles. The present method will greatly facilitate investigation of the regulation of follicular development. © 2015 Poultry Science Association Inc.

  20. Children's Use of Objects in an Early Years Playground

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bateman, Amanda; Church, Amelia

    2017-01-01

    Early childhood research has investigated children's use of objects largely focusing on cognitive and motor development. Yet members of a particular culture, such as young children's peer groups, use objects that have cultural relevance as "conversational" items, as a means to interacting with other members of the group. This article…

  1. Significant NRC Enforcement Actions

    Data.gov (United States)

    Nuclear Regulatory Commission — This dataset provides a list of Nuclear Regulartory Commission (NRC) issued significant enforcement actions. These actions, referred to as "escalated", are issued by...

  2. Cultural significance of termites in sub-Saharan Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huis, van Arnold

    2017-01-01

    Background: The number of termite species in the world is more than 2500, and Africa with more than 1000 species has the richest intercontinental diversity. The family Termitidae contains builders of great mounds up to 5 m high. Colonies are composed of casts: a queen, a king, soldiers and workers.

  3. Cultural significance of termites in sub-Saharan Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huis, van Arnold

    2017-01-01

    Background: The number of termite species in the world is more than 2500, and Africa with more than 1000 species has the richest intercontinental diversity. The family Termitidae contains builders of great mounds up to 5 m high. Colonies are composed of casts: a queen, a king, soldiers and workers.

  4. Cultural significance of termites in sub-Saharan Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Huis, Arnold

    2017-01-26

    The number of termite species in the world is more than 2500, and Africa with more than 1000 species has the richest intercontinental diversity. The family Termitidae contains builders of great mounds up to 5 m high. Colonies are composed of casts: a queen, a king, soldiers and workers. Some species of termite cultivate specialised fungi to digest cellulose. Termites constitute 10% of all animal biomass in the tropics. The purpose of the study was to make an overview of how termites are utilized, perceived and experienced in daily life across sub-Saharan Africa. Ethno-entomological information on termites (Isoptera) in sub-Saharan Africa was collected by: (1) interviews with more than 300 people from about 120 ethnic groups from 27 countries in the region; (2) library studies in Africa, London, Paris and Leiden. Vernacular names relate to mounds, insects as food, the swarming, and the behaviour of termites. Swarming reproductive, soldiers and queens are collected as food. There are many different ways to harvest them. Termites can also be used as feed for poultry or as bait to catch birds and fish. The mushrooms that grow each year from the fungus gardens on the termite mounds are eaten. The soldiers, the fungus gardens and the soil of termite mounds are used for multiple medicinal purposes. Mounds and soil of termites have numerous functions: for geochemical prospecting, making bricks, plastering houses, making pots, and for storage. Termite soil is often used as fertilizer. The act of eating soil (geophagy) among women, especially those that are pregnant, is practised all over Africa. The mounds can serve as burying places and are often associated with the spiritual world, especially containing the spirits of ancestors. Termites also play a role as oracle, in superstitious beliefs, in art and literature. The following characteristics make termites so appealing: the dominance in the landscape, the social organization, the destructive power, and the provision of food. The study shows that termites play a major role in peoples' lives, in physical as well as spiritual aspects.

  5. Culture, attention, and emotion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossmann, Igor; Ellsworth, Phoebe C; Hong, Ying-yi

    2012-02-01

    This research provides experimental evidence for cultural influence on one of the most basic elements of emotional processing: attention to positive versus negative stimuli. To this end, we focused on Russian culture, which is characterized by brooding and melancholy. In Study 1, Russians spent significantly more time looking at negative than positive pictures, whereas Americans did not show this tendency. In Study 2, Russian Latvians were randomly primed with symbols of each culture, after which we measured the speed of recognition for positive versus negative trait words. Biculturals were significantly faster in recognizing negative words (as compared with baseline) when primed with Russian versus Latvian cultural symbols. Greater identification with Russian culture facilitated this effect. We provide a theoretical discussion of mental processes underlying cultural differences in emotion research.

  6. 古典精神分析客体关系取向的修正与发展--从社会文化到客体关系的转向%T he Correction and Development of Subject-object Relation T heory in Psychoanalysis---T urning from the Social Cultural to Subject-object Relation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜永志

    2015-01-01

    作为一种心理学理论体系和治疗方法,弗洛伊德的精神分析自提出之日起就备受争议。在历经几次大的学派分离和理论修正之后,当代精神分析理论和方法改变了古典精神分析的本质特征,远离了它的生物学和物理学假设。精神分析的多次裂变既带来了其元心理学的分裂,也带来了新精神分析的发展。经过历次的修正,客体化倾向已经成为精神分析发展的主要方向,它既是对传统精神分析的颠覆,也是对弗洛伊德理论的新发展。在这种倾向的指引下,还会有一批跟随者继续对弗洛伊德的精神分析理论进行修正,并不断发展符合时代潮流的新精神分析理论。%Freud’s psychoanalysis has constantly been challenged since the date of being taken as a theoretical system and treatment method . After several major separation and theoretical correction , contemporary psychoanalytic theory and method nearly dispel the essential characteristics of traditional psychoanalysis ,away from its biology and physics assumptions .Multiple fission of psychoanalysis brings about the split of meta‐psychology and the new development of psychoanalysis . In all previous revisions , the development of psychoanalysis becomes closer to subject‐object relation , and its subject‐object relation has turned into the main development direction of psychoanalysis . It was the subversion of traditional psychoanalysis ,and also the new development of Freud’s theory . Under this trend , there will be a group of followers to continue deviating from Freud’s psychoanalytic theory ,and carries on the correction ,until it has little relationship with Freud’s theory .

  7. Scaled-Free Objects

    CERN Document Server

    Grilliette, Will

    2010-01-01

    Several functional analysts and C*-algebraists have been moving toward a categorical means of understanding normed objects. In this work, I address a primary issue with adapting these abstract concepts to functional analytic settings, the lack of free objects. Using a new object, called a "crutched set", and associated categories, I devise generalized construction of normed objects as a left adjoint functor to a natural forgetful functor. Further, the universal property in each case yields a "scaled-free" mapping property, which extends previous notions of `"free" normed objects. In particular, I construct the following types of scaled-free objects: Banach spaces, Banach algebras, C*-algebras, operator spaces, and operator algebras. In subsequent papers, this scaled-free property, coupled with the associated functorial results, will give rise to a new view of presentation theory for C*-algebras, which inherits many properties and constructions from its algebraic counterpart.

  8. Conceivability Theses and Objections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    the thesis is more fashionable in the current debate than defending conceivability as anything but one psychological heuristic device among others with which we form beliefs about modality. In this paper, I shall offer a way of demarcating conceivability theses in a way that offers a concise overview, and I...... will try to provide an overview also of the different objections that have been and are leveled at the conceivability theses. A number of these are problems for an epistemology of modality generally. I will focus on the objections that are peculiar to conceivability theses: the Standard Objection...... and the Uselessness Objection. The Standard Objection targets the second premise in an argument for possibility from conceivability, that what is conceived is possible, typically by offering counterexamples in the form of conceivable impossibilities. The Uselessness Objection targets the first premise in an argument...

  9. Reasoning about Function Objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordio, Martin; Calcagno, Cristiano; Meyer, Bertrand; Müller, Peter; Tschannen, Julian

    Modern object-oriented languages support higher-order implementations through function objects such as delegates in C#, agents in Eiffel, or closures in Scala. Function objects bring a new level of abstraction to the object-oriented programming model, and require a comparable extension to specification and verification techniques. We introduce a verification methodology that extends function objects with auxiliary side-effect free (pure) methods to model logical artifacts: preconditions, postconditions and modifies clauses. These pure methods can be used to specify client code abstractly, that is, independently from specific instantiations of the function objects. To demonstrate the feasibility of our approach, we have implemented an automatic prover, which verifies several non-trivial examples.

  10. On Coordinating Collaborative Objects

    CERN Document Server

    Imine, Abdessamad

    2010-01-01

    A collaborative object represents a data type (such as a text document) designed to be shared by a group of dispersed users. The Operational Transformation (OT) is a coordination approach used for supporting optimistic replication for these objects. It allows the users to concurrently update the shared data and exchange their updates in any order since the convergence of all replicas, i.e. the fact that all users view the same data, is ensured in all cases. However, designing algorithms for achieving convergence with the OT approach is a critical and challenging issue. In this paper, we propose a formal compositional method for specifying complex collaborative objects. The most important feature of our method is that designing an OT algorithm for the composed collaborative object can be done by reusing the OT algorithms of component collaborative objects. By using our method, we can start from correct small collaborative objects which are relatively easy to handle and incrementally combine them to build more ...

  11. Media and cultural influences in african-american girls' eating disorder risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Lakaii A; Cook-Cottone, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To investigate media and cultural influences in eating disorder development in African-American adolescent females. Method. Fifty-seven participants were recruited through churches and community organizations to complete a questionnaire. Results. Mainstream sociocultural identification was associated with more eating disorder behavior in African-American females; cultural ethnic identification was not significantly associated with eating disorder behavior in African-American females, mainstream sociocultural identification, cultural ethnic identification, and body dissatisfaction significantly predicted eating disorder behavior; and cultural ethnic identification was positively correlated with mainstream sociocultural identification. This study provides support for the importance of eating disorder prevention interventions that focus specifically on African-American girls.

  12. Kuiper Binary Object Formation

    OpenAIRE

    Nazzario, R. C.; Orr, K.; Covington, C.; Kagan, D.; Hyde, T. W.

    2005-01-01

    It has been observed that binary Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) exist contrary to theoretical expectations. Their creation presents problems to most current models. However, the inclusion of a third body (for example, one of the outer planets) may provide the conditions necessary for the formation of these objects. The presence of a third massive body not only helps to clear the primordial Kuiper Belt but can also result in long lived binary Kuiper belt objects. The gravitational interaction betw...

  13. Propelling Extended Objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humbert, Richard

    2010-01-01

    A force acting on just part of an extended object (either a solid or a volume of a liquid) can cause all of it to move. That motion is due to the transmission of the force through the object by its material. This paper discusses how the force is distributed to all of the object by a gradient of stress or pressure in it, which creates the local…

  14. Patrimônio de Fé e Religiosidade: os Bens Culturais inseridos na Festa do Senhor dos Passos em São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brasil (Heritage of Faith and Religiosity: Cultural Objects inserted on the Festival of Senhor dos Passos in São Cristóvão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Rêgo Aragão

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Patrimônio de Fé e Religiosidade: os Bens Culturais inseridos na Festa do Senhor dos Passos em São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brasil. (Heritage of Faith and Religiosity: Cultural Objects inserted on the Festival of Senhor dos Passos in São Cristóvão - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2013v11n31p1018O conceito de Bens Culturais de uma localidade vem passando por novos paradigmas quanto à abrangência e relevância. Nesse âmbito, além do Patrimônio Material de ruas, praças, igrejas, objetos artísticos e históricos, o discurso e ações dos órgãos oficiais e da comunidade, devem também se pautar pela valorização das produções imateriais da cultura. Esses elementos envolvem os sujeitos e os sons produzidos por eles, seus ofícios, memórias, festas e religiosidade. Nesse sentido, o presente artigo visa analisar os Bens Culturais que compõem o cenário da celebração do Senhor dos Passos e descrever os seus valores histórico, religioso e artístico. A metodologia utilizada foi: pesquisa bibliográfica, documental e de campo. Após as três etapas da pesquisa e observação no local, constatado que a Festa do Senhor dos Passos em São Cristóvão possui elementos patrimoniais conectados que a transforma em um evento vinculado à identidade cultural-religiosa da região. Alguns desses elementos já são tombados nos níveis estadual, nacional e mundial, enquanto que outros, embora não reconhecidos pelos órgãos oficiais de salvaguarda do Patrimônio, são valorizados pela comunidade no que concerne a afetividade, memória, dádiva e pertencimento: Patrimônios de Fé, Religiosidade e Culto em Sergipe. Palavras-chave: Patrimônio Cultural. Festa. Religiosidade. Senhor dos Passos. São Cristóvão (Sergipe.   Abstract The concept of cultural property that belongs to one locality has been going through new paradigms regarding the scope and relevance. In this context, in addition to material assets (streets, squares, churches and historical

  15. Objective-C

    CERN Document Server

    DeVoe, Jiva

    2011-01-01

    A soup-to-nuts guide on the Objective-C programming language. Objective-C is the language behind Cocoa and Cocoa Touch, which is the Framework of applications written for the Macintosh, iPod touch, iPhone, and iPad platforms. Part of the Developer Reference series covering the hottest Apple topics, this book covers everything from the basics of the C language to advanced aspects of Apple development. You'll examine Objective-C and high-level subjects of frameworks, threading, networking, and much more.: Covers the basics of the C language and then quickly moves onto Objective-C and more advanc

  16. Choosing Outcomes of Significance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spady, William G.

    1994-01-01

    Outcomes are high-quality, culminating demonstrations of significant learning in context. The High Success Network uses the "Demonstration Mountain" to differentiate among three major "learning zones" and six different forms of learning demonstrations that increase in complexity, generalizability, and significance, along with…

  17. Cultural aspects of suicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maharajh, Hari D; Abdool, Petal S

    2005-09-08

    Undefined cultural factors cannot be dismissed and significantly contribute to the worldwide incidence of death by suicide. Culture is an all embracing term and defines the relationship of an individual to his environment. This study seeks to investigate the effect of culture on suicide both regionally and internationally. Culture-bound syndrome with suicidal behaviours specific to a particular culture or geographical region are discussed. Opinions are divided as to the status of religious martyrs. The law itself is silent on many aspects of suicidal behaviour and despite decriminalization of suicide as self-murder, the latter remains on the statutes of many developing countries. The Caribbean region is of concern due to its steady rise in mean suicide rate, especially in Trinidad and Tobago where socio-cultural factors are instrumental in influencing suicidal behaviour. These include transgenerational cultural conflicts, psycho-social problems, media exposure, unemployment, social distress, religion and family structure. The methods used are attributed to accessibility and lethality. Ingestion of poisonous substances is most popular followed by hanging. The gender differences seen with regard to suicidality can also be attributed to gender related psychopathology and psychosocial differences in help-seeking behaviour. These are influenced by the cultural environment to which the individual is exposed. Culture provides coping strategies to individuals; as civilization advances many of these coping mechanisms are lost unclothing the genetic predisposition of vulnerable groups. In the management of suicidal behaviour, a system of therapeutic re-culturation is needed with an emphasis on relevant culture- based therapies.

  18. Cultural Orientation and Interdisciplinarity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sofie Søndergaard

    2004-01-01

    I begin the article with an account of the background to the German debate on ‘Literaturwissenschaft als Kulturwissenschaft’, including the introduction of the concept of ’cultural orientation’ as a strategy for achieving interdisciplinarity. This is followed by a consideration of the discussion...... of the object of literary studies as a way of defining the disciplinarity or identity of literary studies. Finally I summarize some of the characteristics of culturally orientated literary studies....

  19. Conscience and Conscientious Objections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schinkel, Anders

    2007-01-01

    In Western countries conscientious objection is usually accommodated in various ways, at least in certain areas (military conscription, medicine) and to some extent. It appears to be regarded as fundamentally different from other kinds of objection. But why? This study argues that conscientious obje

  20. The objective image

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Galison, Peter

    2010-01-01

    In his work, Galison approaches the historical development of objectivity as an important factor that affects the way we experience and imagine ourselves in communities of knowledge and in democratic societies. Prof. Peter Galison has demonstrated that scientific objectivity has a history and he