Sample records for coupled spin systems

  1. An Exact SU(2) Symmetry and Persistent Spin Helix in a Spin-Orbit Coupled System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernevig, Andrei


    Spin-orbit coupled systems generally break the spin rotation symmetry. However, for a model with equal Rashba and Dresselhauss coupling constant (the ReD model), and for the [110] Dresselhauss model, a new type of SU(2) spin rotation symmetry is discovered. This symmetry is robust against spin-independent disorder and interactions, and is generated by operators whose wavevector depends on the coupling strength. It renders the spin lifetime infinite at this wavevector, giving rise to a Persistent Spin Helix (PSH). We obtain the spin fluctuation dynamics at, and away, from the symmetry point, and suggest experiments to observe the PSH.

  2. An Exact SU(2) Symmetry and Persistent Spin Helix ina Spin-orbit Coupled System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernevig, B.A.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Santa Barbara, KITP; Orenstein, J.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.


    Spin-orbit coupled systems generally break the spin rotation symmetry. However, for a model with equal Rashba and Dresselhauss coupling constant (the ReD model), and for the [110] Dresselhauss model, a new type of SU(2) spin rotation symmetry is discovered. This symmetry is robust against spin-independent disorder and interactions, and is generated by operators whose wavevector depends on the coupling strength. It renders the spin lifetime infinite at this wavevector, giving rise to a Persistent Spin Helix (PSH). We obtain the spin fluctuation dynamics at, and away, from the symmetry point, and suggest experiments to observe the PSH.

  3. Spin-Wave Analysis for Kagome-Triangular Spin System and Coupled Spin Tubes: Low-Energy Excitation for the Cuboc Order (United States)

    Ochiai, Masahiro; Seki, Kouichi; Okunishi, Kouichi


    The coupled spin tube system, which is equivalent to a stacked Kagome-triangular spin system, exhibits the cuboc order — a non-coplanar spin order with a twelve-sublattice structure accompanying spontaneous breaking of the translational symmetry — in the Kagome-triangular plane. On the basis of the spin-wave theory, we analyze spin-wave excitations of the planar Kagome-triangular spin system, where the geometric phase characteristic to the cuboc spin structure emerges. We further investigate spin-wave excitations and dynamical spin structure factors for the coupled spin tubes, assuming the staggered cuboc order.

  4. Semiclassical treatment of transport and spin relaxation in spin-orbit coupled systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lueffe, Matthias Clemens


    -state system in which effects of (pseudo)spin-orbit coupling come to light is monolayer graphene. The graphene Hamiltonian entirely consists of pseudospin-orbit coupling, yielding the peculiar Dirac-cone band structure. In the second part of this thesis, we have calculated corrections to the electrical conductivity of graphene in the Boltzmann regime, which are due to pseudospin coherences. We have found that several generally well-established formalisms for the derivation of kinetic equations yield different results for this problem. We cannot resolve this discrepancy, but we make propose an alternative ansatz for the nonequilibrium Green function, which would resolve some contradictions. The calculated corrections could possibly explain a part of the experimentally observed residual conductivity in graphene.

  5. Spin pumping in electrodynamically coupled magnon-photon systems (United States)

    Bai, Lihui

    The electronics industry is quickly approaching the limitation of Moore's Law due to Joule heating in high density-integrated devices. To achieve new higher-speed devices and reduce energy consumption, researchers are turning to spintronics where the intrinsic spin, rather than the charge of electrons, is used to carry information in devices. Advances in spintronics have led to the discovery of giant magnetoresistance (GMR), spin transfer torque etc. Another subject, cavity electrodynamics, promises a completely new quantum algorithm by studying the properties of a single electron interacting with photons inside of a cavity. By merging both spintronics and cavity electrodynamics, a new cutting edge field called Cavity Spintronics is forming, which draws on the advantages of both subjects to develop new spintronics devices utilizing light-matter interaction. In this work, we use electrical detection, in combination with microwave transmission, to investigate both resonant and nonresonant magnon-photon coupling in a microwave cavity at room temperature. Spin pumping in a dynamically coupled magnon-photon system is found to be distinctly different from previous experiments. Characteristic coupling features such as modes anticrossing, linewidth evolution, peculiar line shape, and resonance broadening are systematically measured and consistently analyzed by a theoretical model set on the foundation of classical electrodynamic coupling. Our experimental and theoretical approach paves the way for pursuing microwave coherent manipulation of pure spin current via the combination of spin pumping and magnon-photon coupling. Co-authored with M. Harder, C.-M. Hu from University of Manitoba, Y. P. Chen, J. Q. Xiao from University of Delaware, and X. Fan from Univeristy of Denver.

  6. Charge and Spin Transport in Spin-orbit Coupled and Topological Systems

    KAUST Repository

    Ndiaye, Papa Birame


    In the search for low power operation of microelectronic devices, spin-based solutions have attracted undeniable increasing interest due to their intrinsic magnetic nonvolatility. The ability to electrically manipulate the magnetic order using spin-orbit interaction, associated with the recent emergence of topological spintronics with its promise of highly efficient charge-to-spin conversion in solid state, offer alluring opportunities in terms of system design. Although the related technology is still at its infancy, this thesis intends to contribute to this engaging field by investigating the nature of the charge and spin transport in spin-orbit coupled and topological systems using quantum transport methods. We identified three promising building blocks for next-generation technology, three classes of systems that possibly enhance the spin and charge transport efficiency: (i)- topological insulators, (ii)- spin-orbit coupled magnonic systems, (iii)- topological magnetic textures (skyrmions and 3Q magnetic state). Chapter 2 reviews the basics and essential concepts used throughout the thesis: the spin-orbit coupling, the mathematical notion of topology and its importance in condensed matter physics, then topological magnetism and a zest of magnonics. In Chapter 3, we study the spin-orbit torques at the magnetized interfaces of 3D topological insulators. We demonstrated that their peculiar form, compared to other spin-orbit torques, have important repercussions in terms of magnetization reversal, charge pumping and anisotropic damping. In Chapter 4, we showed that the interplay between magnon current jm and magnetization m in homogeneous ferromagnets with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction, produces a field-like torque as well as a damping-like torque. These DM torques mediated by spin wave can tilt the imeaveraged magnetization direction and are similar to Rashba torques for electronic systems. Moreover, the DM torque is more efficient when magnons are

  7. Electric field controlled spin interference in a system with Rashba spin-orbit coupling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orion Ciftja


    Full Text Available There have been intense research efforts over the last years focused on understanding the Rashba spin-orbit coupling effect from the perspective of possible spintronics applications. An important component of this line of research is aimed at control and manipulation of electron’s spin degrees of freedom in semiconductor quantum dot devices. A promising way to achieve this goal is to make use of the tunable Rashba effect that relies on the spin-orbit interaction in a two-dimensional electron system embedded in a host semiconducting material that lacks inversion-symmetry. This way, the Rashba spin-orbit coupling effect may potentially lead to fabrication of a new generation of spintronic devices where control of spin, thus magnetic properties, is achieved via an electric field and not a magnetic field. In this work we investigate theoretically the electron’s spin interference and accumulation process in a Rashba spin-orbit coupled system consisting of a pair of two-dimensional semiconductor quantum dots connected to each other via two conducting semi-circular channels. The strength of the confinement energy on the quantum dots is tuned by gate potentials that allow “leakage” of electrons from one dot to another. While going through the conducting channels, the electrons are spin-orbit coupled to a microscopically generated electric field applied perpendicular to the two-dimensional system. We show that interference of spin wave functions of electrons travelling through the two channels gives rise to interference/conductance patterns that lead to the observation of the geometric Berry’s phase. Achieving a predictable and measurable observation of Berry’s phase allows one to control the spin dynamics of the electrons. It is demonstrated that this system allows use of a microscopically generated electric field to control Berry’s phase, thus, enables one to tune the spin-dependent interference pattern and spintronic properties with no

  8. Spin torques due to various linear spin-orbit coupling in semiconductor and graphene systems in the adiabatic limit (United States)

    Chen, Ji; Jalil, Mansoor B. A.; Ghee Tan, Seng; Siu, Zhuo Bin; Peng, Ying Zi


    We use the gauge formalism to investigate the current-induced spin dynamics in ferromagnetic media with spatially varying local magnetization, which is coupled to various material systems exhibiting linear spin-orbit coupling (SOC) effects, such as semiconductor and graphene materials. We perform a gauge transformation to the system, and obtain a gauge field (vector potential) in the adiabatic limit, i.e., strong coupling between the spin of the conduction electrons to the magnetization. The gauge field interacts with the applied current, resulting in a current-driven effective magnetic field and the corresponding spin torque acting on the magnetization of the FM media. We find that the current-driven spin orbit torque in various linear SOC systems and graphene systems can be described by a unified way. We propose a generalized Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert (LLG) equation which includes this effective field term.

  9. Zero field entanglement in dipolar coupling spin system at negative temperatures


    Furman, Gregory B.; Meerovich, Victor M.; Sokolovsky, Vladimir L.


    A dipolar coupled spin system can achieve internal thermodynamic equilibrium states at negative absolute temperature. We study analytically and numerically the temperature dependence of the concurrence in a dipolar coupled spin-1/2 system in both non-zero and zero fields and show that, at negative temperatures, entangled states can exist even in zero magnetic field.

  10. Entanglement Dynamics in Heisenberg spin systems coupled to a dissipative environment (United States)

    Sadiek, Gehad; Almalki, Samaher

    Heisenberg Spin chains and lattices have been intensively used to represent many of the physical systems that are considered as promising candidates for quantum computing and quantum information processing. The main obstacle toward realizing the ultimate goals in these fields is decoherence caused by the surrounding dissipative and thermal environments. We are studying spin relaxation and entanglement dynamics in one and two-dimensional XYZ Heisenberg spin systems under coupling with a dissipative Lindblad environment at finite temperature. We investigate the effect of the anisotropy of the coupling between the spins on the asymptotic steady state of the system and the spin relaxation rates at different temperatures of the environment. We demonstrate the role played by the initial system setup on the entanglement and spin dynamics and steady state properties. Also we examine the effect of the long range interaction between the spins on the asymptotic behavior of the system.

  11. Entanglement of the quantum system with spin-spin coupling created by optical excitation (United States)

    Fu, Chenghua


    In this paper, we investigate the quantum entanglement characteristics of the system consisting an intermediary molecule with an optically excited triplet and two bilateral spin-1/2 nucleons. The two nuclear spins both couple to the excitation state which is caused by a pulsed laser. We study the linear entropy and entangling power of the evolution operator acting on the product state of the system. We deduce the entangling power when the energy state has a uniform distribution, and we find that the entanglement of the system shows a certain stability. In this paper, several standard expressions are analyzed and calculated in detail, including the detailed solution for the quantum entropy as well as the calculation of the linear entropy and entangling power, which are based on this solution. In comparing the linear entropy and entangling power, we find that the latter is the average of the former. Subsequently, we present an alternative derivation of the evolution operator and find that the result is consistent with that of the traditional method. When the evolution operator acts on the average of the product states, the entangling power of the evolution operator presents a distinct changing trend.

  12. Two coupled, driven Ising spin systems working as an engine (United States)

    Basu, Debarshi; Nandi, Joydip; Jayannavar, A. M.; Marathe, Rahul


    Miniaturized heat engines constitute a fascinating field of current research. Many theoretical and experimental studies are being conducted that involve colloidal particles in harmonic traps as well as bacterial baths acting like thermal baths. These systems are micron-sized and are subjected to large thermal fluctuations. Hence, for these systems average thermodynamic quantities, such as work done, heat exchanged, and efficiency, lose meaning unless otherwise supported by their full probability distributions. Earlier studies on microengines are concerned with applying Carnot or Stirling engine protocols to miniaturized systems, where system undergoes typical two isothermal and two adiabatic changes. Unlike these models we study a prototype system of two classical Ising spins driven by time-dependent, phase-different, external magnetic fields. These spins are simultaneously in contact with two heat reservoirs at different temperatures for the full duration of the driving protocol. Performance of the model as an engine or a refrigerator depends only on a single parameter, namely the phase between two external drivings. We study this system in terms of fluctuations in efficiency and coefficient of performance (COP). We find full distributions of these quantities numerically and study the tails of these distributions. We also study reliability of the engine. We find the fluctuations dominate mean values of efficiency and COP, and their probability distributions are broad with power law tails.

  13. Coherence Transfer in Dipolar-Coupled Homonuclear Spin Systems in Solids Rotating at the Magic Angle (United States)

    Weintraub, O.; Vega, S.; Hoelger, C.; Limbach, H. H.

    Two routes for the exploitation of the t-SEDRA pulse scheme, which induces coherence transfer in dipolar-coupled homonuclear spin systems in rotating samples, are demonstrated and discussed. This sequence is utilized to deduce intramolecular connectivities by creating an initial coherence of one spin only, applying the t-SEDRA sequence, and monitoring the signal enhancement of the coupled spin. Probing the signal amplitude variations of the two spins and comparing them to simulations can also yield molecular distances. Using 2D spectroscopy, t-SEDRA can also be utilized to establish spin correlations. In this case, the t-SEDRA sequence is applied during the mixing time of a 2D dipolar-correlation experiment. These two approaches are demonstrated by performing 15N CPMAS NMR experiments on a 15N-doubly labeled sample of 3(5)-methyl-5(3)-phenylpyrazole.

  14. Quasiclassical methods for spin-charge coupled dynamics in low-dimensional systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corini, Cosimo


    Spintronics is a new field of study whose broad aim is the manipulation of the spin degrees of freedom in solid state systems. One of its main goals is the realization of devices capable of exploiting, besides the charge, the carriers' - and possibly the nuclei's - spin. The presence of spin-orbit coupling in a system enables the spin and charge degrees of freedom to ''communicate'', a favorable situation if one is to realize such devices. More importantly, it offers the opportunity of doing so by relying solely on electric fields, whereas magnetic fields are otherwise required. Eminent examples of versatile systems with built-in and variously tunable spin-orbit interaction are two-dimensional electron - or hole - gases. The study of spin-charge coupled dynamics in such a context faces a large number of open questions, both of the fundamental and of the more practical type. To tackle the problem we rely on the quasiclassical formalism. This is an approximate quantum-field theoretical formulation with a solid microscopic foundation, perfectly suited for describing phenomena at the mesoscopic scale, and bearing a resemblance to standard Boltzmann theory which makes for physical transparency. Originally born to deal with transport in electron-phonon systems, we first generalize it to the case in which spin-orbit coupling is present, and then move on to apply it to specific situations and phenomena. Among these, to the description of the spin Hall effect and of voltage induced spin polarizations in two-dimensional electron gases under a variety of conditions - stationary or time-dependent, in the presence of magnetic and non-magnetic disorder, in the bulk or in confined geometries -, and to the problem of spin relaxation in narrow wires. (orig.)

  15. Electric Field Controlled Spin Interference in a System with Rashba Spin-Orbit Coupling (United States)


    Physics, Prairie View A&M University , Prairie View, Texas 77446, USA (Received 10 March 2016; accepted 16 May 2016; published online 23 May 2016) There...spintronics applications. An important component of this line of research is aimed at control and manipulation of electron’s spin degrees of freedom...device applications on the field of spin-based electronics (spintronics).17,18 Spintronics deals with the control and manipulation of electron’s spin

  16. Recent progress on correlated electron systems with strong spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Schaffer, Robert; Kin-Ho Lee, Eric; Yang, Bohm-Jung; Kim, Yong Baek


    The emergence of novel quantum ground states in correlated electron systems with strong spin-orbit coupling has been a recent subject of intensive studies. While it has been realized that spin-orbit coupling can provide non-trivial band topology in weakly interacting electron systems, as in topological insulators and semi-metals, the role of electron-electron interaction in strongly spin-orbit coupled systems has not been fully understood. The availability of new materials with significant electron correlation and strong spin-orbit coupling now makes such investigations possible. Many of these materials contain 5d or 4d transition metal elements; the prominent examples are iridium oxides or iridates. In this review, we succinctly discuss recent theoretical and experimental progress on this subject. After providing a brief overview, we focus on pyrochlore iridates and three-dimensional honeycomb iridates. In pyrochlore iridates, we discuss the quantum criticality of the bulk and surface states, and the relevance of the surface/boundary states in a number of topological and magnetic ground states, both in the bulk and thin film configurations. Experimental signatures of these boundary and bulk states are discussed. Domain wall formation and strongly-direction-dependent magneto-transport are also discussed. In regard to the three-dimensional honeycomb iridates, we consider possible quantum spin liquid phases and unusual magnetic orders in theoretical models with strongly bond-dependent interactions. These theoretical ideas and results are discussed in light of recent resonant x-ray scattering experiments on three-dimensional honeycomb iridates. We also contrast these results with the situation in two-dimensional honeycomb iridates. We conclude with the outlook on other related systems.

  17. Symmetry-enriched Bose-Einstein condensates in a spin-orbit-coupled bilayer system (United States)

    Cheng, Jia-Ming; Zhou, Xiang-Fa; Zhou, Zheng-Wei; Guo, Guang-Can; Gong, Ming


    We consider the fate of Bose-Einstein condensation with time-reversal symmetry and inversion symmetry in a spin-orbit-coupled bilayer system. When these two symmetry operators commute, all the single-particle bands are exactly twofold degenerate in the momentum space. The scattering in the twofold-degenerate rings can relax the spin-momentum locking effect from spin-orbit-coupling interaction and thus can realize the spin-polarized plane-wave phase even when the interparticle interaction dominates. When these two operators anticommute, the lowest two bands may have the same minimal energy, but with totally different spin structures. As a result, the competition between different condensates in these two energetically degenerate rings can give rise to different stripe phases with atoms condensed at two or four collinear momenta. We find that the crossover between these two cases is accompanied by the excited band condensation when the interference energy can overcome the increased single-particle energy in the excited band. This effect is not based on strong interaction and thus can be realized even with moderate interaction strength.

  18. Thermal Entanglement of Two Qubits with Dipolar Ordered Initial State Coupled to a Spin Chain in MQ NMR System (United States)

    Eskandari, M. R.; Rezaee, Ladan


    In this paper, we aim to provide a theoretical study of thermal entanglement of two qubits coupled to a spin chain with considering multiple-spin correlations which accompanies decay in multiple quantum nuclear magnetic resonance (MQ NMR) system. We show an explicit connection between the coherence factor and entanglement, and numerically and analytically study the dynamical process of entanglement in weak coupling cases for dipolar ordered initial states. We provide results that the entanglement evolution depends not only on the coupling constant between central two qubits and the system-environment couplings but also on temperature and the number of spins in chain.

  19. Statistical properties of spectra in harmonically trapped spin-orbit coupled systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    V. Marchukov, O.; G. Volosniev, A.; V. Fedorov, D.


    We compute single-particle energy spectra for a one-body Hamiltonian consisting of a two-dimensional deformed harmonic oscillator potential, the Rashba spin-orbit coupling and the Zeeman term. To investigate the statistical properties of the obtained spectra as functions of deformation, spin...

  20. Spinning particles coupled to gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Hojman, Sergio A


    Recent experimental work has determined that free falling $^{87}$Rb atoms on Earth, with vertically aligned spins, follow geodesics, thus apparently ruling out spin--gravitation interactions. It is showed that while some spinning matter models coupled to gravitation referenced to in that work seem to be ruled out by the experiment, those same experimental results confirm theoretical results derived from a Lagrangian description of spinning particles coupled to gravity constructed over forty years ago. A proposal to carry out (similar but) different experiments which will help to test the validity of the Universality of Free Fall as opposed to the correctness of the aforementioned Lagrangian theory, is presented.

  1. Quantum Stirling heat engine and refrigerator with single and coupled spin systems (United States)

    Huang, Xiao-Li; Niu, Xin-Ya; Xiu, Xiao-Ming; Yi, Xue-Xi


    We study the reversible quantum Stirling cycle with a single spin or two coupled spins as the working substance. With the single spin as the working substance, we find that under certain conditions the reversed cycle of a heat engine is NOT a refrigerator, this feature holds true for a Stirling heat engine with an ion trapped in a shallow potential as its working substance. The efficiency of quantum Stirling heat engine can be higher than the efficiency of the Carnot engine, but the performance coefficient of the quantum Stirling refrigerator is always lower than its classical counterpart. With two coupled spins as the working substance, we find that a heat engine can turn to a refrigerator due to the increasing of the coupling constant, this can be explained by the properties of the isothermal line in the magnetic field-entropy plane.

  2. Coupling spin qubits via superconductors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leijnse, Martin; Flensberg, Karsten


    We show how superconductors can be used to couple, initialize, and read out spatially separated spin qubits. When two single-electron quantum dots are tunnel coupled to the same superconductor, the singlet component of the two-electron state partially leaks into the superconductor via crossed...

  3. Odd-parity superconductivity in the vicinity of inversion symmetry breaking in spin-orbit-coupled systems (United States)

    Kozii, Vladyslav; Fu, Liang; Massachusetts institute of technology Team

    We study superconductivity in spin-orbit-coupled systems in the vicinity of inversion symmetry breaking. We find that due to the presence of spin-orbit coupling, fluctuations of the incipient parity-breaking order generate an attractive pairing interaction in an odd-parity pairing channel, which competes with the s-wave pairing. We show that Coulomb repulsion or an external Zeeman field suppresses the s-wave pairing and promotes the odd-parity superconducting state. Our work provides a new mechanism for odd-parity pairing and opens a route to novel topological superconductivity. This work is supported by the David and Lucile Packard foundation.

  4. Frictional coupling between sliding and spinning motion


    Farkas, Zeno; Bartels, Guido; Unger, Tamas; Wolf, Dietrich E.


    We show that the friction force and torque, acting at a dry contact of two objects moving and rotating relative to each other, are inherently coupled. As a simple test system, a sliding and spinning disk on a horizontal flat surface is considered. We calculate, and also measure, how the disk is slowing down, and find that it always stops its sliding and spinning motion at the same moment. We discuss the impact of this coupling between friction force and torque on the physics of granular mater...

  5. Propagator for a spin-Bose system with the Bose field coupled to a reservoir of harmonic oscillators

    CERN Document Server

    Banerjee, S


    We consider the general problem of a single two-level atom interacting with a multimode radiation field (without the rotating-wave approximation), and additionally take the field to be coupled to a thermal reservoir. Using the method of bosonization of the spin operators in the Hamiltonian, and working in the Bargmann representation for all the boson operators, we obtain the propagator for the composite system using the techniques of functional integration, under a reasonable approximation scheme. The propagator is explicitly evaluated for a simplified version of the system with one spin and a dynamically coupled single-mode field. The results are also checked on the known problem of quantum Brownian motion.

  6. Thermal transport in Weyl, double-Weyl, Dirac, and magnetically ordered systems with strong spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Fiete, Gregory A.

    In this talk I will discuss some of our recent work on the thermal transport properties of Weyl and Dirac semimetals, double-Weyl semimetals, and magnetically ordered insulators with strong spin-orbit coupling. The thermal properties will be described primarily within the context of a Boltzmann transport theory. For the Weyl/Dirac systems we study the temperature, disorder, carrier density, and field (both magnetic and electric) dependent response. The double-Weyl system is predicted to exhibit a spatially anisotropic response that would allow one to distinguish it from the single Weyl system in transport measurements. In addition, I will touch on some of our work related to electronic cooling by phonons in Dirac and Weyl semimetals. For the magnetically ordered insulators with strong spin-orbit coupling, we study the Kitaev-Heisenberg model which exhibits 4 different ordered phases depending on the relative importance of the spin-orbit coupling, and a model with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions motivated by thin film pyrochlore iridates. We compute the thermal conductivity tensor and conclude that some properties of the magnetic order and its excitations, including topological magnon bands, can be inferred from the anisotropies and temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity. We gratefully acknowledge financial support from the ARO, DARPA, and NSF.

  7. Exploiting level anti-crossings for efficient and selective transfer of hyperpolarization in coupled nuclear spin systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pravdivtsev, A.N.; Yurkovskaya, A.V.; Kaptein, R.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/074334603; Miesel, K.; Vieth, H.-M.; Ivanov, K.L.


    Spin hyperpolarization can be coherently transferred to other nuclei in field-cycling NMR experiments. At low magnetic fields spin polarization is redistributed in a strongly coupled network of spins. Polarization transfer is most efficient at fields where level anti-crossings (LACs) occur for the

  8. Evidence for spin-phonon coupling

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    We attribute this anomalous softening to the spin-phonon coupling caused by phonon modulation of the superexchange integral be- tween the Mn3+ spins. The effective charge of oxygen (ZO) calculated using the measured. LO–TO splitting increases below TN. Keywords. Spin-phonon coupling; longitudinal and transverse ...

  9. Spin dynamical phase and anti-resonance in a strongly coupled magnon-photon system


    Harder, Michael; Hyde, Paul; Bai, Lihui; Match, Christophe; Hu, Can-Ming


    We experimentally studied a strongly coupled magnon-photon system via microwave transmission measurements. An anti-resonance, i.e. the suppression of the microwave transmission, is observed, indicating a relative phase change between the magnon response and the driving microwave field. We show that this anti-resonance feature can be used to interpret the phase evolution of the coupled magnon-microwave system and apply this technique to reveal the phase evolution of magnon dark modes. Our work...

  10. Spin-orbit-coupled quantum gases (United States)

    Radic, Juraj

    The dissertation explores the effects of synthetic spin-orbit coupling on the behaviour of quantum gases in several different contexts. We first study realistic methods to create vortices in spin-orbit-coupled (SOC) Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC). We propose two different methods to induce thermodynamically stable static vortex configurations: (1) to rotate both the Raman lasers and the anisotropic trap; and (2) to impose a synthetic Abelian field on top of synthetic spin-orbit interactions. We solve the Gross-Pitaevskii equation for several experimentally relevant regimes and find new interesting effects such as spatial separation of left- and right-moving spin-orbit-coupled condensates, and the appearance of unusual vortex arrangements. Next we consider cold atoms in an optical lattice with synthetic SOC in the Mott-insulator regime. We calculate the parameters of the corresponding tight-binding model and derive the low-energy spin Hamiltonian which is a combination of Heisenberg model, quantum compass model and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. We find that the Hamiltonian supports a rich classical phase diagram with collinear, spiral and vortex phases. Next we study the time evolution of the magnetization in a Rashba spin-orbit-coupled Fermi gas, starting from a fully-polarized initial state. We model the dynamics using a Boltzmann equation, which we solve in the Hartree-Fock approximation. The resulting non-linear system of equations gives rise to three distinct dynamical regimes controlled by the ratio of interaction and spin-orbit-coupling strength lambda: for small lambda, the magnetization decays to zero. For intermediate lambda, it displays undamped oscillations about zero and for large lambda, a partially magnetized state is dynamically stabilized. Motivated by an interesting stripe phase which appears in BEC with SOC [Li et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 225301 (2011)], we study the finite-temperature phase diagram of a pseudospin-1/2 Bose gas with

  11. Spin-orbit-coupled transport and spin torque in a ferromagnetic heterostructure

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Xuhui


    Ferromagnetic heterostructures provide an ideal platform to explore the nature of spin-orbit torques arising from the interplay mediated by itinerant electrons between a Rashba-type spin-orbit coupling and a ferromagnetic exchange interaction. For such a prototypic system, we develop a set of coupled diffusion equations to describe the diffusive spin dynamics and spin-orbit torques. We characterize the spin torque and its two prominent—out-of-plane and in-plane—components for a wide range of relative strength between the Rashba coupling and ferromagnetic exchange. The symmetry and angular dependence of the spin torque emerging from our simple Rashba model is in an agreement with experiments. The spin diffusion equation can be generalized to incorporate dynamic effects such as spin pumping and magnetic damping.

  12. Spin-orbit coupling and transport in strongly correlated two-dimensional systems (United States)

    Huang, Jian; Pfeiffer, L. N.; West, K. W.


    Measuring the magnetoresistance (MR) of ultraclean GaAs two-dimensional holes for a large rs range of 20-50, two striking behaviors in relation to the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) emerge in response to strong electron-electron interaction. First, in exact correspondence to the zero-field metal-to-insulator transition (MIT), the sign of the MR switches from being positive in the metallic regime to being negative in the insulating regime when the carrier density crosses the critical density pc of MIT (rs˜39 ). Second, as the SOC-driven correction Δ ρ to the MR decreases with reducing carrier density (or the in-plane wave vector), it exhibits an upturn in the close proximity just above pc where rs is beyond 30, indicating a substantially enhanced SOC effect. This peculiar behavior echoes with a trend of delocalization long suspected for the SOC-interaction interplay. Meanwhile, for p 40 , in contrast to the common belief that a magnet field enhances Wigner crystallization, the negative MR is likely linked to enhanced interaction.

  13. Spin gaps in coupled t-J ladders (United States)

    Poilblanc, D.; Tsunetsugu, H.; Rice, T. M.


    Spin gaps in coupled t-J ladders are investigated by exact diagonalization of small clusters up to 4×8 sites. At half-filling, the numerical results for the triplet excitation spectrum are in very good agreement with a second-order perturbation expansion in terms of small interladder and intraladder exchange couplings between rungs (J/J'moving coherently along the ladder (with momenta close to π) is split by the interladder coupling. For intermediate couplings, finite-size scaling is used to estimate the spin gap. In the isotropic infinite four-chain system (two coupled ladders) we find a spin gap of 0.245J, roughly half of the single-ladder spin gap. When the system is hole doped, bonding and antibonding bound pairs of holes can propagate coherently along the chains and the spin gap remains finite.

  14. Determination of proton transverse relaxation times in homonuclear-coupled Spin Systems (United States)

    Gochin, Miriam

    A new method is described for obtaining proton transverse relaxation times in homonuclear-coupled systems. The oscillatory effect of the coupling on the T2 decay was removed by using the attached heteronucleus as a filter. A BIRD pulse (J. R. Garbow, D. P. Weitekamp, and A. Pines, Chem. Phys. Lett.93, 504, 1982) was applied in the center of the T2 decay period, causing protons directly and remotely connected to the heteronucleus to be decoupled from each other. Protons directly bound to the heteronucleus were inverted, leaving remote protons unaffected. Thus the method works well in natural-abundance 13C and 15N systems or for 15N-enriched biological materials, where no NN connectivities exist. The importance of obtaining proton T2 values pertains to their usefulness and sensitivity in quantitating structure and mobility in molecules. Sequences for obtaining proton T2 values were described and demonstrated on formate, alcohol, and gramicidin S. The accuracy of the measured T2 as a function of X-nucleus offset and heteronuclear coupling constant was assessed.

  15. Strong Linear Dichroism in Spin-Polarized Photoemission from Spin-Orbit-Coupled Surface States (United States)

    Bentmann, H.; Maaß, H.; Krasovskii, E. E.; Peixoto, T. R. F.; Seibel, C.; Leandersson, M.; Balasubramanian, T.; Reinert, F.


    A comprehensive understanding of spin-polarized photoemission is crucial for accessing the electronic structure of spin-orbit coupled materials. Yet, the impact of the final state in the photoemission process on the photoelectron spin has been difficult to assess in these systems. We present experiments for the spin-orbit split states in a Bi-Ag surface alloy showing that the alteration of the final state with energy may cause a complete reversal of the photoelectron spin polarization. We explain the effect on the basis of ab initio one-step photoemission theory and describe how it originates from linear dichroism in the angular distribution of photoelectrons. Our analysis shows that the modulated photoelectron spin polarization reflects the intrinsic spin density of the surface state being sampled differently depending on the final state, and it indicates linear dichroism as a natural probe of spin-orbit coupling at surfaces.

  16. Domain wall fringe field coupled spin logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Ming Hung


    Full Text Available A class of spin logic devices based on the spin-orbit induced spin-transfer torques requires magnetic coupling between electrically isolated ferromagnetic elements. Here we use micromagnetic modeling to study the magnetic coupling induced by fringe fields from chiral domain walls in perpendicularly magnetized nanowires. These domains can be displaced using spin-orbit torques from a proximal heavy metal layer. For a 16 nm width wire that is 1 nm thick, we find that spin-orbit torques induced domain wall propagation can reliably switch a proximal 16 nm diameter 1 nm thick nanomagnet. These results show a promising means of implementing spin logic with spin-orbit torques using elements with perpendicular magnetization, which does not require an applied magnetic field.

  17. Spin-Tensor-Momentum-Coupled Bose-Einstein Condensates (United States)

    Luo, Xi-Wang; Sun, Kuei; Zhang, Chuanwei


    The recent experimental realization of spin-orbit coupling for ultracold atomic gases provides a powerful platform for exploring many interesting quantum phenomena. In these studies, spin represents the spin vector (spin 1 /2 or spin 1) and orbit represents the linear momentum. Here we propose a scheme to realize a new type of spin-tensor-momentum coupling (STMC) in spin-1 ultracold atomic gases. We study the ground state properties of interacting Bose-Einstein condensates with STMC and find interesting new types of stripe superfluid phases and multicritical points for phase transitions. Furthermore, STMC makes it possible to study quantum states with dynamical stripe orders that display density modulation with a long tunable period and high visibility, paving the way for the direct experimental observation of a new dynamical supersolidlike state. Our scheme for generating STMC can be generalized to other systems and may open the door for exploring novel quantum physics and device applications.

  18. Spin-Current and Spin-Splitting in Helicoidal Molecules Due to Spin-Orbit Coupling (United States)

    Caetano, R. A.


    The use of organic materials in spintronic devices has been seriously considered after recent experimental works have shown unexpected spin-dependent electrical properties. The basis for the confection of any spintronic device is ability of selecting the appropriated spin polarization. In this direction, DNA has been pointed out as a potential candidate for spin selection due to the spin-orbit coupling originating from the electric field generated by accumulated electrical charges along the helix. Here, we demonstrate that spin-orbit coupling is the minimum ingredient necessary to promote a spatial spin separation and the generation of spin-current. We show that the up and down spin components have different velocities that give rise to a spin-current. By using a simple situation where spin-orbit coupling is present, we provide qualitative justifications to our results that clearly point to helicoidal molecules as serious candidates to integrate spintronic devices.

  19. Electron spin dynamics due to hyperfine coupling in quantum dots (United States)

    Woods, L. M.; Reinecke, T. L.; Rajagopal, A. K.


    The dynamics of spins in semiconductor quantum dots often is controlled by their hyperfine coupling to nuclear spins. We develop a straightforward and efficient approach to describe the dynamics and the effective decoherence of the electron spins due to hyperfine coupling in realistic quantum dots. Systems with a large number of nuclei and an arbitrary initial nuclear polarization for which the number of nuclei initially flipped over is much less than the total number of nuclei are treated. This treatment employs a pole approximation within a Schrödinger equation of motion for the state of the coupled electron and nuclear spin system, and it allows us to treat systems with arbitrary initial conditions. We find that typical time scales for the effective spin decoherence are on the order of tens of microseconds.

  20. Spin orbit coupling in the spin-current-density-functional theory (United States)

    Bencheikh, K.


    Starting from the spin-current-density-functional theory for electronic systems, we extend the formulation to include spin-orbit coupling. Particular attention is devoted to the symmetry of the problem. Here we show that the exchange-correlation energy functional is invariant by the U(1)em × SU(2)spin gauge transformations. We give the transformation laws of the paramagnetic current and also the paramagnetic spin current density by the U(1)em × SU(2)spin gauge transformations. For the case where the spin-orbit coupling is taken into account, we generalize the equations of continuity satisfied by the current density and the spin current density, derived by Vignale and Rasolt.

  1. Rapid communication: Transverse spin with coupled plasmons (United States)

    Mukherjee, Samyobrata; Gopal, A. V.; Gupta, S. Dutta


    We study theoretically the transverse spin associated with the eigenmodes of a thin metal film embedded in a dielectric. We show that the transverse spin has a direct dependence on the nature and strength of the coupling leading to two distinct branches for the long- and short-range modes. We show that the short-range mode exhibits larger extraordinary spin because of its more `structured' nature due to higher decay in propagation. In contrast to some of the earlier studies, calculations are performed retaining the full lossy character of the metal. In the limit of vanishing losses, we present analytical results for the extraordinary spin for both the coupled modes. The results can have direct implications for enhancing the elusive transverse spin exploiting the coupled plasmon structures.

  2. Antigravity: Spin-gravity coupling in action (United States)

    Plyatsko, Roman; Fenyk, Mykola


    The typical motions of a spinning test particle in Schwarzschild's background which show the strong repulsive action of the highly relativistic spin-gravity coupling are considered using the exact Mathisson-Papapetrou equations. An approximated approach to choice solutions of these equations which describe motions of the particle's proper center of mass is developed.

  3. Integral dependent spin couplings in CI calculations (United States)

    Iberle, K.; Davidson, E. R.


    Although the number of ways to combine Slater determinants to form spin eigenfunctions increases rapidly with the number of open shells, most of these spin couplings will make only a small contribution to a given state, provided the spin coupling is chosen judiciously. The technique of limiting calculations to the interacting subspace pioneered by Bunge (1970) was employed by Munch and Davidson (1975) to the vanadium atom. The use of an interacting space looses its advantage in more complex cases. However, the problem can always be reduced to only one interacting spin coupling by making the coefficients integral dependent. The present investigation is concerned with the performance of integral dependent interacting couplings, taking into account the results of three test calculations.

  4. Spin-Orbit Coupling for Photons and Polaritons in Microstructures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. G. Sala


    Full Text Available We use coupled micropillars etched out of a semiconductor microcavity to engineer a spin-orbit Hamiltonian for photons and polaritons in a microstructure. The coupling between the spin and orbital momentum arises from the polarization-dependent confinement and tunneling of photons between adjacent micropillars arranged in the form of a hexagonal photonic molecule. It results in polariton eigenstates with distinct polarization patterns, which are revealed in photoluminescence experiments in the regime of polariton condensation. Thanks to the strong polariton nonlinearities, our system provides a photonic workbench for the quantum simulation of the interplay between interactions and spin-orbit effects, particularly when extended to two-dimensional lattices.

  5. Dynamics of a driven spin coupled to an antiferromagnetic spin bath

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yuan Xiaozhong; Goan, Hsi-Sheng [Department of Physics and Center for Theoretical Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Zhu, Ka-Di, E-mail: [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)


    We study the behavior of the Rabi oscillations of a driven central spin (qubit) coupled to an antiferromagnetic spin bath (environment). It is found that the decoherence behavior of the central spin depends on the detuning, driving strength, qubit-bath coupling and an important factor {Omega}, associated with the number of coupled atoms, the detailed lattice structure and the temperature of the environment. If detuning exists, Rabi oscillations may show the behavior of collapses and revivals; however, if detuning is absent, such a behavior will not appear. We investigate the weighted frequency distribution of the time evolution of the central spin inversion and give a reasonable explanation of this phenomenon of collapses and revivals. We also discuss the decoherence and pointer states of the qubit from the perspective of von Neumann entropy. We found that the eigenstates of the qubit self-Hamiltonian emerge as pointer states in the weak system-environment coupling limit.

  6. Current-induced torques and interfacial spin-orbit coupling

    KAUST Repository

    Haney, Paul M.


    In bilayer systems consisting of an ultrathin ferromagnetic layer adjacent to a metal with strong spin-orbit coupling, an applied in-plane current induces torques on the magnetization. The torques that arise from spin-orbit coupling are of particular interest. Here we use first-principles methods to calculate the current-induced torque in a Pt-Co bilayer to help determine the underlying mechanism. We focus exclusively on the analog to the Rashba torque, and do not consider the spin Hall effect. The details of the torque depend strongly on the layer thicknesses and the interface structure, providing an explanation for the wide variation in results found by different groups. The torque depends on the magnetization direction in a way similar to that found for a simple Rashba model. Artificially turning off the exchange spin splitting and separately the spin-orbit coupling potential in the Pt shows that the primary source of the “fieldlike” torque is a proximate spin-orbit effect on the Co layer induced by the strong spin-orbit coupling in the Pt.

  7. Spin transport on parallel coupled nanowires with Rashba spin-orbit interaction (United States)

    Rebello Sousa Dias, Mariama; Lopez-Richard, Victor; Marques, Gilmar; Ulloa, Sergio


    The nature of various electron and spin transport mechanisms can be unveiled by exploring the properties of parallel coupled nanowires with Rashba spin-orbit interaction (SOI). Studies of a directional coupler proved the modulation of quantum transport through the proximity of waveguides. The overall control of charge and even spin flux in this system appears promising for spintronics, as well as in hybrid devices that include superconducting or magnetic materials nearby. In this work, we have studied the spin transport properties of parallel coupled nanowires, with an electric field applied in the mixing region, using a transfer matrix formalism. In this configuration, a Rashba SOI is generated, which breaks the spin degeneracy. Moreover, various configurations of gate voltages, applied on the wire structure, are considered. Under this configuration we are able to analyze the modulation of the spin transport through the combination of SOI and system dimensions. The combination of SOI and gate voltages allows a modulation of the polarization, when the measured spin is projected along the direction of the Rashba spin-orbit field. We will discuss how this polarization depends on structure features and explain how to use this effect to control the spin flux. Supported by CNPQ, FAPESP, MWN/CIAM-NSF, DAAD, and AvH.

  8. Frustrated spin systems

    CERN Document Server


    This book covers all principal aspects of currently investigated frustrated systems, from exactly solved frustrated models to real experimental frustrated systems, going through renormalization group treatment, Monte Carlo investigation of frustrated classical Ising and vector spin models, low-dimensional systems, spin ice and quantum spin glass. The reader can - within a single book - obtain a global view of the current research development in the field of frustrated systems.This new edition is updated with recent theoretical, numerical and experimental developments in the field of frustrated

  9. Current-induced spin polarization in a spin-polarized two-dimensional electron gas with spin-orbit coupling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, C.M., E-mail: [School of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Anyang 455000 (China); Pang, M.Q. [School of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Anyang Normal University, Anyang 455000 (China); Liu, S.Y.; Lei, X.L. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiaotong University, 1954 Huashan Road, Shanghai 200030 (China)


    The current-induced spin polarization (CISP) is investigated in a combined Rashba-Dresselhaus spin-orbit-coupled two-dimensional electron gas, subjected to a homogeneous out-of-plane magnetization. It is found that, in addition to the usual collision-related in-plane parts of CISP, there are two impurity-density-free contributions, arising from intrinsic and disorder-mediated mechanisms. The intrinsic parts of spin polarization are related to the Berry curvature, analogous with the anomalous and spin Hall effects. For short-range collision, the disorder-mediated spin polarizations completely cancel the intrinsic ones and the total in-plane components of CISP equal those for systems without magnetization. However, for remote disorders, this cancellation does not occur and the total in-plane components of CISP strongly depend on the spin-orbit interaction coefficients and magnetization for both pure Rashba and combined Rashba-Dresselhaus models.

  10. Synthesizing complex spin networks with spin-motion coupled neutral atoms in photonic crystals (United States)

    Dong, Ying


    We develop a toolbox for realizing ``fully programmable'' d-dimensional pairwise interacting lattice spin systems with spin-motion coupled neutral atoms in the vicinity of 1D photonic crystal waveguides. The enabling platform thereby allows to synthesize a wide range of strongly interacting quantum materials by way of vacuum-engineered interatomic kinetic interactions. We demonstrate the versatility of our assembly language approach towards arbitrary SU(2)-lattice spin models with explicit constructions of familiar Hamiltonians for perfect state transfer in 1D spin chains, lattice gauge theories, and topologicallyquantum spin liquids. We further construct Dzyaloshinski-Moriya interaction for the realization ofspin liquids and long-range random quantum magnets with spin-glass phase.

  11. Electron spin control and spin-libration coupling of a levitated nanodiamond (United States)

    Hoang, Thai; Ma, Yue; Ahn, Jonghoon; Bang, Jaehoon; Robicheaux, Francis; Gong, Ming; Yin, Zhang-Qi; Li, Tongcang


    Hybrid spin-mechanical systems have great potentials in sensing, macroscopic quantum mechanics, and quantum information science. Recently, we optically levitated a nanodiamond and demonstrated electron spin control of its built-in nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in vacuum. We also observed the libration (torsional vibration) of a nanodiamond trapped by a linearly polarized laser beam in vacuum. We propose to achieve strong coupling between the electron spin of a NV center and the libration of a levitated nanodiamond with a uniform magnetic field. With a uniform magnetic field, multiple spins can couple to the torsional vibration at the same time. We propose to use this strong coupling to realize the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick (LMG) model and generate rotational superposition states. This work is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1555035-PHY.

  12. Susceptibilities and Spin Gaps of Weakly Coupled Spin Ladders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larochelle, S.


    We calculate the uniform and staggered susceptibilities of two-chain spin-1/2 Heisenberg ladders using Monte-Carlo simulations. We show that the gap extracted from the uniform susceptibility and the saturation value of the staggered susceptibility are independent of the sign of the interchain coupling J{perpendicular} in the asymptotic limit |J{perpendicular}|/J {yields} 0. Furthermore, we examine the existence of logarithmic corrections to the linear scaling of the gap with |J{perpendicular}|.

  13. Non-Abelian quantum order in spin-orbit-coupled semiconductors: Search for topological Majorana particles in solid-state systems (United States)

    Sau, Jay D.; Tewari, Sumanta; Lutchyn, Roman M.; Stanescu, Tudor D.; Das Sarma, S.


    We show that an ordinary semiconducting thin film with spin-orbit coupling can, under appropriate circumstances, be in a quantum topologically ordered state supporting exotic Majorana excitations which follow non-Abelian statistics. The key to the quantum topological order is the coexistence of spin-orbit coupling with proximity-induced s -wave superconductivity and an externally induced Zeeman coupling of the spins. For the Zeeman coupling below a critical value, the system is a nontopological (proximity-induced) s -wave superconductor. However, for a range of Zeeman coupling above the critical value, the lowest energy excited state inside a vortex is a zero-energy Majorana fermion state. The system, thus, has entered into a non-Abelian s -wave superconducting state via a topological quantum phase transition (TQPT) tuned by the Zeeman coupling. In the topological phase, since the time-reversal symmetry is explicitly broken by the Zeeman term in the Hamiltonian, the edge of the film constitutes a chiral Majorana wire. Just like the s -wave superconductivity, the Zeeman coupling can also be proximity induced in the film by an adjacent magnetic insulator. We show this by an explicit model tight-binding calculation for both types of proximity effects in the heterostructure geometry. Here we show that the same TQPT can be accessed by varying the interface transparency between the film and the superconductor. For the transparency below (above) a critical value, the system is a topological (regular) s -wave superconductor. In the one-dimensional version of the same structure and for the Zeeman coupling above the critical value, there are localized Majorana zero-energy modes at the two ends of a semiconducting quantum nanowire. In this case, the Zeeman coupling can be induced more easily by an external magnetic field parallel to the wire, obviating the need for a magnetic insulator. We show that, despite the fact that the superconducting pair potential in the nanowire is

  14. Input-output theory for spin-photon coupling in Si double quantum dots (United States)

    Benito, M.; Mi, X.; Taylor, J. M.; Petta, J. R.; Burkard, Guido


    The interaction of qubits via microwave frequency photons enables long-distance qubit-qubit coupling and facilitates the realization of a large-scale quantum processor. However, qubits based on electron spins in semiconductor quantum dots have proven challenging to couple to microwave photons. In this theoretical work we show that a sizable coupling for a single electron spin is possible via spin-charge hybridization using a magnetic field gradient in a silicon double quantum dot. Based on parameters already shown in recent experiments, we predict optimal working points to achieve a coherent spin-photon coupling, an essential ingredient for the generation of long-range entanglement. Furthermore, we employ input-output theory to identify observable signatures of spin-photon coupling in the cavity output field, which may provide guidance to the experimental search for strong coupling in such spin-photon systems and opens the way to cavity-based readout of the spin qubit.

  15. Spin switching in semiconductor quantum dots through spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Valín-Rodríguez, Manuel; Puente, Antonio; Serra, Llorenç; Lipparini, Enrico


    The spin-orbit coupling influences the total spin of semiconductor quantum dots. We analyze the theoretical prediction for the combined effects of spin-orbit coupling, weak vertical magnetic fields and deformation of the dot. Our results allow the characterization of the quantum dots as the spin switches, controllable with electric gates.

  16. Electronic spin precession in semiconductor quantum dots with spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Valín-Rodríguez, Manuel; Puente, Antonio; Serra, Llorenç; Lipparini, Enrico


    The electronic spin precession in semiconductor dots is strongly affected by the spin-orbit coupling. We present a theory of the electronic spin resonance at low magnetic fields that predicts a strong dependence on the dot occupation, the magnetic field and the spin-orbit coupling strength. Coulomb interaction effects are also taken into account in a numerical approach.

  17. Pauli spin blockade in the presence of strong spin-orbit coupling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Danon, J.; Nazarov, Y.V.

    We study electron transport in a double quantum dot in the Pauli spin blockade regime in the presence of strong spin-orbit coupling. The effect of spin-orbit coupling is incorporated into a modified interdot tunnel coupling. We elucidate the role of the external magnetic field, the nuclear fields in

  18. Limits on dynamically generated spin-orbit coupling: Absence of l =1 Pomeranchuk instabilities in metals (United States)

    Kiselev, Egor I.; Scheurer, Mathias S.; Wölfle, Peter; Schmalian, Jörg


    An ordered state in the spin sector that breaks parity without breaking time-reversal symmetry, i.e., that can be considered dynamically generated spin-orbit coupling, was proposed to explain puzzling observations in a range of different systems. Here, we derive severe restrictions for such a state that follow from a Ward identity related to spin conservation. It is shown that l =1 spin-Pomeranchuk instabilities are not possible in nonrelativistic systems since the response of spin-current fluctuations is entirely incoherent and nonsingular. This rules out relativistic spin-orbit coupling as an emergent low-energy phenomenon. We illustrate the exotic physical properties of the remaining higher-angular-momentum analogs of spin-orbit coupling and derive a geometric constraint for spin-orbit vectors in lattice systems.

  19. Coupling of Electron Spin Ensembles to Superconducting Transmission Line Resonators (United States)

    Sears, Adam; Schuster, David; Dicarlo, Leo; Bishop, Lev; Ginossar, Eran; Frunzio, Luigi; Wesenberg, Janus; Ardavan, Arzhang; Briggs, Andrew; Moelmer, Klauss; Morton, John; Schoelkopf, Robert


    Recent proposals have suggested using a mesoscopic ensemble of electron spins to create a quantum memory for superconducting qubits in solid state systems[1]. Such ensembles can have large cavity couplings (˜MHz) and should have long coherence times. Here we show the measurement and coupling of electron spins in ruby and diamond to multiplexed superconducting coplanar waveguide (CPW) cavities, as well as broadband spectroscopy of ruby using a CPW transmission line. We discuss the application of these techniques to electron spin resonance at low power, millikelvin temperatures, and over many gigahertz and evaluate the suitability of our materials for quantum computing. [4pt] [1] Wesenberg J et al 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 070502

  20. Spin Seebeck effect and thermoelectric phenomena in superconducting hybrids with magnetic textures or spin-orbit coupling. (United States)

    Bathen, Marianne Etzelmüller; Linder, Jacob


    We theoretically consider the spin Seebeck effect, the charge Seebeck coefficient, and the thermoelectric figure of merit in superconducting hybrid structures including either magnetic textures or intrinsic spin-orbit coupling. We demonstrate that large magnitudes for all these quantities are obtainable in Josephson-based systems with either zero or a small externally applied magnetic field. This provides an alternative to the thermoelectric effects generated in high-field (~1 T) superconducting hybrid systems, which were recently experimentally demonstrated. The systems studied contain either conical ferromagnets, spin-active interfaces, or spin-orbit coupling. We present a framework for calculating the linear thermoelectric response for both spin and charge of a system upon applying temperature and voltage gradients based on quasiclassical theory which allows for arbitrary spin-dependent textures and fields to be conveniently incorporated.

  1. New perspectives for Rashba spin-orbit coupling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Manchon, A.; Koo, H. C.; Nitta, J.; Frolov, S. M.; Duine, R. A.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304830127

    In 1984, Bychkov and Rashba introduced a simple form of spin-orbit coupling to explain the peculiarities of electron spin resonance in two-dimensional semiconductors. Over the past 30 years, Rashba spin-orbit coupling has inspired a vast number of predictions, discoveries and innovative concepts far

  2. Photon and spin dependence of the resonance line shape in the strong coupling regime

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Miyashita, Seiji; Shirai, Tatsuhiko; Mori, Takashi; De Raedt, Hans; Bertaina, Sylvain; Chiorescu, Irinel


    We study the quantum dynamics of a spin ensemble coupled to cavity photons. Recently, related experimental results have been reported, showing the existence of the strong coupling regime in such systems. We study the eigenenergy distribution of the multi-spin system (following the Tavis-Cummings

  3. Fully Automated Quantum-Chemistry-Based Computation of Spin-Spin-Coupled Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra. (United States)

    Grimme, Stefan; Bannwarth, Christoph; Dohm, Sebastian; Hansen, Andreas; Pisarek, Jana; Pracht, Philipp; Seibert, Jakob; Neese, Frank


    We present a composite procedure for the quantum-chemical computation of spin-spin-coupled 1 H NMR spectra for general, flexible molecules in solution that is based on four main steps, namely conformer/rotamer ensemble (CRE) generation by the fast tight-binding method GFN-xTB and a newly developed search algorithm, computation of the relative free energies and NMR parameters, and solving the spin Hamiltonian. In this way the NMR-specific nuclear permutation problem is solved, and the correct spin symmetries are obtained. Energies, shielding constants, and spin-spin couplings are computed at state-of-the-art DFT levels with continuum solvation. A few (in)organic and transition-metal complexes are presented, and very good, unprecedented agreement between the theoretical and experimental spectra was achieved. The approach is routinely applicable to systems with up to 100-150 atoms and may open new avenues for the detailed (conformational) structure elucidation of, for example, natural products or drug molecules. © 2017 The Authors. Published by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

  4. Engineering the Eigenstates of Coupled Spin-1/2 Atoms on a Surface. (United States)

    Yang, Kai; Bae, Yujeong; Paul, William; Natterer, Fabian D; Willke, Philip; Lado, Jose L; Ferrón, Alejandro; Choi, Taeyoung; Fernández-Rossier, Joaquín; Heinrich, Andreas J; Lutz, Christopher P


    Quantum spin networks having engineered geometries and interactions are eagerly pursued for quantum simulation and access to emergent quantum phenomena such as spin liquids. Spin-1/2 centers are particularly desirable, because they readily manifest coherent quantum fluctuations. Here we introduce a controllable spin-1/2 architecture consisting of titanium atoms on a magnesium oxide surface. We tailor the spin interactions by atomic-precision positioning using a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and subsequently perform electron spin resonance on individual atoms to drive transitions into and out of quantum eigenstates of the coupled-spin system. Interactions between the atoms are mapped over a range of distances extending from highly anisotropic dipole coupling to strong exchange coupling. The local magnetic field of the magnetic STM tip serves to precisely tune the superposition states of a pair of spins. The precise control of the spin-spin interactions and ability to probe the states of the coupled-spin network by addressing individual spins will enable the exploration of quantum many-body systems based on networks of spin-1/2 atoms on surfaces.

  5. Engineering the Eigenstates of Coupled Spin-1 /2 Atoms on a Surface (United States)

    Yang, Kai; Bae, Yujeong; Paul, William; Natterer, Fabian D.; Willke, Philip; Lado, Jose L.; Ferrón, Alejandro; Choi, Taeyoung; Fernández-Rossier, Joaquín; Heinrich, Andreas J.; Lutz, Christopher P.


    Quantum spin networks having engineered geometries and interactions are eagerly pursued for quantum simulation and access to emergent quantum phenomena such as spin liquids. Spin-1 /2 centers are particularly desirable, because they readily manifest coherent quantum fluctuations. Here we introduce a controllable spin-1 /2 architecture consisting of titanium atoms on a magnesium oxide surface. We tailor the spin interactions by atomic-precision positioning using a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and subsequently perform electron spin resonance on individual atoms to drive transitions into and out of quantum eigenstates of the coupled-spin system. Interactions between the atoms are mapped over a range of distances extending from highly anisotropic dipole coupling to strong exchange coupling. The local magnetic field of the magnetic STM tip serves to precisely tune the superposition states of a pair of spins. The precise control of the spin-spin interactions and ability to probe the states of the coupled-spin network by addressing individual spins will enable the exploration of quantum many-body systems based on networks of spin-1 /2 atoms on surfaces.

  6. Bends in nanotubes allow electric spin control and coupling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flensberg, Karsten; Marcus, Charles Masamed


    We investigate combined effects of spin-orbit coupling and magnetic field in carbon nanotubes containing one or more bends along their length. We show how bends can be used to provide electrical control of confined spins, while spins confined in straight segments remain insensitive to electric...... fields. Device geometries that allow general rotation of single spins are presented and analyzed. In addition, capacitive coupling along bends provides coherent spin-spin interaction, including between otherwise disconnected nanotubes, completing a universal set of one- and two-qubit gates....

  7. Tuning the effective spin-orbit coupling in molecular semiconductors

    KAUST Repository

    Schott, Sam


    The control of spins and spin to charge conversion in organics requires understanding the molecular spin-orbit coupling (SOC), and a means to tune its strength. However, quantifying SOC strengths indirectly through spin relaxation effects has proven difficult due to competing relaxation mechanisms. Here we present a systematic study of the g-tensor shift in molecular semiconductors and link it directly to the SOC strength in a series of high-mobility molecular semiconductors with strong potential for future devices. The results demonstrate a rich variability of the molecular g-shifts with the effective SOC, depending on subtle aspects of molecular composition and structure. We correlate the above g-shifts to spin-lattice relaxation times over four orders of magnitude, from 200 to 0.15 μs, for isolated molecules in solution and relate our findings for isolated molecules in solution to the spin relaxation mechanisms that are likely to be relevant in solid state systems.

  8. Non-Abelian hydrodynamics and the flow of spin in spin orbit coupled substances (United States)

    Leurs, B. W. A.; Nazario, Z.; Santiago, D. I.; Zaanen, J.


    Motivated by the heavy ion collision experiments there is much activity in studying the hydrodynamical properties of non-Abelian (quark-gluon) plasmas. A major question is how to deal with color currents. Although not widely appreciated, quite similar issues arise in condensed matter physics in the context of the transport of spins in the presence of spin-orbit coupling. The key insight is that the Pauli Hamiltonian governing the leading relativistic corrections in condensed matter systems can be rewritten in a language of SU(2) covariant derivatives where the role of the non-Abelian gauge fields is taken by the physical electromagnetic fields: the Pauli system can be viewed as Yang-Mills quantum-mechanics in a 'fixed frame', and it can be viewed as an 'analogous system' for non-Abelian transport in the same spirit as Volovik's identification of the He superfluids as analogies for quantum fields in curved space time. We take a similar perspective as Jackiw and coworkers in their recent study of non-Abelian hydrodynamics, twisting the interpretation into the 'fixed frame' context, to find out what this means for spin transport in condensed matter systems. We present an extension of Jackiw's scheme: non-Abelian hydrodynamical currents can be factored in a 'non-coherent' classical part, and a coherent part requiring macroscopic non-Abelian quantum entanglement. Hereby it becomes particularly manifest that non-Abelian fluid flow is a much richer affair than familiar hydrodynamics, and this permits us to classify the various spin transport phenomena in condensed matter physics in an unifying framework. The "particle based hydrodynamics" of Jackiw et al. is recognized as the high temperature spin transport associated with semiconductor spintronics. In this context the absence of faithful hydrodynamics is well known, but in our formulation it is directly associated with the fact that the covariant conservation of non-Abelian currents turns into a disastrous non

  9. Nonlinear spin wave coupling in adjacent magnonic crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sadovnikov, A. V., E-mail:; Nikitov, S. A. [Laboratory “Metamaterials,” Saratov State University, Saratov 410012 (Russian Federation); Kotel' nikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 125009 (Russian Federation); Beginin, E. N.; Morozova, M. A.; Sharaevskii, Yu. P.; Grishin, S. V.; Sheshukova, S. E. [Laboratory “Metamaterials,” Saratov State University, Saratov 410012 (Russian Federation)


    We have experimentally studied the coupling of spin waves in the adjacent magnonic crystals. Space- and time-resolved Brillouin light-scattering spectroscopy is used to demonstrate the frequency and intensity dependent spin-wave energy exchange between the side-coupled magnonic crystals. The experiments and the numerical simulation of spin wave propagation in the coupled periodic structures show that the nonlinear phase shift of spin wave in the adjacent magnonic crystals leads to the nonlinear switching regime at the frequencies near the forbidden magnonic gap. The proposed side-coupled magnonic crystals represent a significant advance towards the all-magnonic signal processing in the integrated magnonic circuits.

  10. Coupling between Spin and Charge Order Driven by Magnetic Field in Triangular Ising System LuFe2O4+δ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Ding


    Full Text Available We present a study of the magnetic-field effect on spin correlations in the charge ordered triangular Ising system LuFe2O4+δ through single crystal neutron diffraction. In the absence of a magnetic field, the strong diffuse neutron scattering observed below the Neel temperature (TN = 240 K indicates that LuFe2O4+δ shows short-range, two-dimensional (2D correlations in the FeO5 triangular layers, characterized by the development of a magnetic scattering rod along the 1/3 1/3 L direction, persisting down to 5 K. We also found that on top of the 2D correlations, a long range ferromagnetic component associated with the propagation vector k1 = 0 sets in at around 240 K. On the other hand, an external magnetic field applied along the c-axis effectively favours a three-dimensional (3D spin correlation between the FeO5 bilayers evidenced by the increase of the intensity of satellite reflections with propagation vector k2 = (1/3, 1/3, 3/2. This magnetic modulation is identical to the charge ordered superstructure, highlighting the field-promoted coupling between the spin and charge degrees of freedom. Formation of the 3D spin correlations suppresses both the rod-type diffuse scattering and the k1 component. Simple symmetry-based arguments provide a natural explanation of the observed phenomenon and put forward a possible charge redistribution in the applied magnetic field.

  11. Pure gauge spin-orbit couplings (United States)

    Shikakhwa, M. S.


    Planar systems with a general linear spin-orbit interaction (SOI) that can be cast in the form of a non-Abelian pure gauge field are investigated using the language of non-Abelian gauge field theory. A special class of these fields that, though a 2×2 matrix, are Abelian are seen to emerge and their general form is given. It is shown that the unitary transformation that gauges away these fields induces at the same time a rotation on the wave function about a fixed axis but with a space-dependent angle, both of which being characteristics of the SOI involved. The experimentally important case of equal-strength Rashba and Dresselhaus SOI (R+D SOI) is shown to fall within this special class of Abelian gauge fields, and the phenomenon of persistent spin helix (PSH) that emerges in the presence of this latter SOI in a plane is shown to fit naturally within the general formalism developed. The general formalism is also extended to the case of a particle confined to a ring. It is shown that the Hamiltonian on a ring in the presence of equal-strength R+D SOI is unitarily equivalent to that of a particle subject to only a spin-independent but θ-dependent potential with the unitary transformation relating the two being again the space-dependent rotation operator characteristic of R+D SOI.

  12. Thermal conductivity of magnetic insulators with strong spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Stamokostas, Georgios; Lapas, Panteleimon; Fiete, Gregory A.

    We study the influence of spin-orbit coupling on the thermal conductivity of various types of magnetic insulators. In the absence of spin-orbit coupling and orbital-degeneracy, the strong-coupling limit of Hubbard interactions at half filling can often be adequately described in terms of a pure spin Hamiltonian of the Heisenberg form. However, in the presence of spin-orbit coupling the resulting exchange interaction can become highly anisotropic. The effect of the atomic spin-orbit coupling, taken into account through the effect of magnon-phonon interactions and the magnetic order and excitations, on the lattice thermal conductivity of various insulating magnetic systems is studied. We focus on the regime of low temperatures where the dominant source of scattering is two-magnon scattering to one-phonon processes. The thermal current is calculated within the Boltzmann transport theory. We are grateful for financial support from NSF Grant DMR-0955778.

  13. Fano antiresonance induced by the rashba spin-orbit coupling in systems with conduction channels exhibiting the points of nonanalyticity in fermion paths (United States)

    Val'kov, V. V.; Fedoseev, A. D.


    It is shown that the combined effect of the nonanalyticity of the channel for the motion of charge carriers and the Rashba spin-orbit coupling induces resonant anomalies in the transport characteristics of nanosystems related to the size quantization. When the characteristic length determined by the ratio of the hopping integral and the spin-orbit coupling constant coincides with the distance between the points of nonanalyticity, the size effect arises in the channel. It manifests itself in the complete reflection from the device, which can be treated as the Fano antiresonance. The current-voltage characteristics of the nanosystem with the nonanalytical channel undergo significant changes at slight variations of the spin-orbit coupling constant near its critical value.

  14. Dynamics of dissipative coupled spins: decoherence and relaxation


    Nägele, P.; Campagnano, G.; Weiss, U.


    We study the reduced dynamics of interacting spins, each coupled to its own bath of bosons. We derive the solution in analytic form in the white-noise limit and analyze the rich behaviors in diverse limits ranging from weak coupling and/or low temperature to strong coupling and/or high temperature. We also view the one spin as being coupled to a spin-boson environment and consider the regimes in which it is effectively nonlinear, and in which it can be regarded as a resonant bosonic environment.

  15. Tunable Mode Coupling in Nanocontact Spin-Torque Oscillators (United States)

    Zhang, Steven S.-L.; Iacocca, Ezio; Heinonen, Olle


    Recent experiments on spin-torque oscillators have revealed interactions between multiple magnetodynamic modes, including mode coexistence, mode hopping, and temperature-driven crossover between modes. The initial multimode theory indicates that a linear coupling between several dominant modes, arising from the interaction of the subdynamic system with a magnon bath, plays an essential role in the generation of various multimode behaviors, such as mode hopping and mode coexistence. In this work, we derive a set of rate equations to describe the dynamics of coupled magnetodynamic modes in a nanocontact spin-torque oscillator. Expressions for both linear and nonlinear coupling terms are obtained, which allow us to analyze the dependence of the coupled dynamic behaviors of modes on external experimental conditions as well as intrinsic magnetic properties. For a minimal two-mode system, we further map the energy and phase difference of the two modes onto a two-dimensional phase space and demonstrate in the phase portraits how the manifolds of periodic orbits and fixed points vary with an external magnetic field as well as with the temperature.

  16. Near-Earth asteroid satellite spins under spin-orbit coupling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naidu, Shantanu P.; Margot, Jean-Luc [Department of Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)


    We develop a fourth-order numerical integrator to simulate the coupled spin and orbital motions of two rigid bodies having arbitrary mass distributions under the influence of their mutual gravitational potential. We simulate the dynamics of components in well-characterized binary and triple near-Earth asteroid systems and use surface of section plots to map the possible spin configurations of the satellites. For asynchronous satellites, the analysis reveals large regions of phase space where the spin state of the satellite is chaotic. For synchronous satellites, we show that libration amplitudes can reach detectable values even for moderately elongated shapes. The presence of chaotic regions in the phase space has important consequences for the evolution of binary asteroids. It may substantially increase spin synchronization timescales, explain the observed fraction of asychronous binaries, delay BYORP-type evolution, and extend the lifetime of binaries. The variations in spin rate due to large librations also affect the analysis and interpretation of light curve and radar observations.

  17. Spin and tunneling dynamics in an asymmetrical double quantum dot with spin-orbit coupling: Selective spin transport device (United States)

    Singh, Madhav K.; Jha, Pradeep K.; Bhattacherjee, Aranya B.


    In this article, we study the spin and tunneling dynamics as a function of magnetic field in a one-dimensional GaAs double quantum dot with both the Dresselhaus and Rashba spin-orbit coupling. In particular, we consider different spatial widths for the spin-up and spin-down electronic states. We find that the spin dynamics is a superposition of slow as well as fast Rabi oscillations. It is found that the Rashba interaction strength as well as the external magnetic field strongly modifies the slow Rabi oscillations which is particularly useful for implementing solid state selective spin transport device.

  18. Coherent coupling between Vanadyl Phthalocyanine spin ensemble and microwave photons: towards integration of molecular spin qubits into quantum circuits. (United States)

    Bonizzoni, C; Ghirri, A; Atzori, M; Sorace, L; Sessoli, R; Affronte, M


    Electron spins are ideal two-level systems that may couple with microwave photons so that, under specific conditions, coherent spin-photon states can be realized. This represents a fundamental step for the transfer and the manipulation of quantum information. Along with spin impurities in solids, molecular spins in concentrated phases have recently shown coherent dynamics under microwave stimuli. Here we show that it is possible to obtain high cooperativity regime between a molecular Vanadyl Phthalocyanine (VOPc) spin ensemble and a high quality factor superconducting YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) coplanar resonator at 0.5 K. This demonstrates that molecular spin centers can be successfully integrated in hybrid quantum devices.

  19. Effect of Rashba spin-orbit coupling on the spin-dependent transport in magnetic tunnel junctions with semiconductor interlayers (United States)

    Jin, Lian; Zhu, Lin; Zhou, Xun; Li, Ling; Xie, Zheng-Wei


    Based on a mode match transfer matrix method and the quantum coherent transport theory of Mireles and Kirczenow, we investigate the coherent electron tunneling in FM/S1/I/S2/FM (FM represents the ferromagnetic metal layer, S1 and S2 represents the different semiconductor layer, respectively, I represents the insulator layer.) system. The effects of the thickness of the semiconductor layers and the Rashba spin-orbit coupling on the spin-dependent tunneling transmission coefficient and the properties of the tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) are studied. It is found that the variations of tunneling transmission coefficients and the tunnel magnetoresistance TMR with Rashba spin-orbit coupling and the thickness of semiconductor layer, show typical resonant properties and the TMR can be enhanced and its sign can switch from positive to negative by increasing the ratio of Rashba spin-orbit coupling strength between two semiconductor layers.

  20. Dynamics of dissipative coupled spins: decoherence, relaxation and effects of a spin-boson bath

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naegele, P; Campagnano, G; Weiss, U [II Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Stuttgart, D-70550 Stuttgart (Germany)], E-mail:, E-mail:, E-mail:


    We study the reduced dynamics of interacting spins, each coupled to its own bath of bosons. We derive the solution in analytic form in the white-noise limit and analyze the rich behaviors in diverse limits ranging from weak coupling and/or low temperature to strong coupling and/or high temperature. We also view the single spin as being coupled to a spin-boson environment and consider the regimes in which it is effectively nonlinear and in which it can be regarded as a resonant bosonic environment.

  1. Synthetic Spin-Orbit Coupling in an Optical Lattice Clock (United States)

    Wall, Michael L.; Koller, Andrew P.; Li, Shuming; Zhang, Xibo; Cooper, Nigel R.; Ye, Jun; Rey, Ana Maria


    We propose the use of optical lattice clocks operated with fermionic alkaline-earth atoms to study spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in interacting many-body systems. The SOC emerges naturally during the clock interrogation, when atoms are allowed to tunnel and accumulate a phase set by the ratio of the "magic" lattice wavelength to the clock transition wavelength. We demonstrate how standard protocols such as Rabi and Ramsey spectroscopy that take advantage of the sub-Hertz resolution of state-of-the-art clock lasers can perform momentum-resolved band tomography and determine SOC-induced s -wave collisions in nuclear-spin-polarized fermions. With the use of a second counterpropagating clock beam, we propose a method for engineering controlled atomic transport and study how it is modified by p - and s -wave interactions. The proposed spectroscopic probes provide clean and well-resolved signatures at current clock operating temperatures.

  2. Synthetic Spin-Orbit Coupling in an Optical Lattice Clock. (United States)

    Wall, Michael L; Koller, Andrew P; Li, Shuming; Zhang, Xibo; Cooper, Nigel R; Ye, Jun; Rey, Ana Maria


    We propose the use of optical lattice clocks operated with fermionic alkaline-earth atoms to study spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in interacting many-body systems. The SOC emerges naturally during the clock interrogation, when atoms are allowed to tunnel and accumulate a phase set by the ratio of the "magic" lattice wavelength to the clock transition wavelength. We demonstrate how standard protocols such as Rabi and Ramsey spectroscopy that take advantage of the sub-Hertz resolution of state-of-the-art clock lasers can perform momentum-resolved band tomography and determine SOC-induced s-wave collisions in nuclear-spin-polarized fermions. With the use of a second counterpropagating clock beam, we propose a method for engineering controlled atomic transport and study how it is modified by p- and s-wave interactions. The proposed spectroscopic probes provide clean and well-resolved signatures at current clock operating temperatures.

  3. Coupling a Surface Acoustic Wave to an Electron Spin in Diamond via a Dark State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Andrew Golter


    Full Text Available The emerging field of quantum acoustics explores interactions between acoustic waves and artificial atoms and their applications in quantum information processing. In this experimental study, we demonstrate the coupling between a surface acoustic wave (SAW and an electron spin in diamond by taking advantage of the strong strain coupling of the excited states of a nitrogen vacancy center while avoiding the short lifetime of these states. The SAW-spin coupling takes place through a Λ-type three-level system where two ground spin states couple to a common excited state through a phonon-assisted as well as a direct dipole optical transition. Both coherent population trapping and optically driven spin transitions have been realized. The coherent population trapping demonstrates the coupling between a SAW and an electron spin coherence through a dark state. The optically driven spin transitions, which resemble the sideband transitions in a trapped-ion system, can enable the quantum control of both spin and mechanical degrees of freedom and potentially a trapped-ion-like solid-state system for applications in quantum computing. These results establish an experimental platform for spin-based quantum acoustics, bridging the gap between spintronics and quantum acoustics.

  4. Coupling a Surface Acoustic Wave to an Electron Spin in Diamond via a Dark State (United States)

    Golter, D. Andrew; Oo, Thein; Amezcua, Mayra; Lekavicius, Ignas; Stewart, Kevin A.; Wang, Hailin


    The emerging field of quantum acoustics explores interactions between acoustic waves and artificial atoms and their applications in quantum information processing. In this experimental study, we demonstrate the coupling between a surface acoustic wave (SAW) and an electron spin in diamond by taking advantage of the strong strain coupling of the excited states of a nitrogen vacancy center while avoiding the short lifetime of these states. The SAW-spin coupling takes place through a Λ -type three-level system where two ground spin states couple to a common excited state through a phonon-assisted as well as a direct dipole optical transition. Both coherent population trapping and optically driven spin transitions have been realized. The coherent population trapping demonstrates the coupling between a SAW and an electron spin coherence through a dark state. The optically driven spin transitions, which resemble the sideband transitions in a trapped-ion system, can enable the quantum control of both spin and mechanical degrees of freedom and potentially a trapped-ion-like solid-state system for applications in quantum computing. These results establish an experimental platform for spin-based quantum acoustics, bridging the gap between spintronics and quantum acoustics.

  5. Decoherence in quantum spin systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Raedt, H; Dobrovitski, VV; Landau, DP; Lewis, SP; Schuttler, HB


    Computer simulations of decoherence in quantum spin systems require the solution of the time-dependent Schrodinger equation for interacting quantum spin systems over extended periods of time. We use exact diagonalization, the Chebyshev polynomial technique, four Suzuki-formula algorithms, and the

  6. Repulsively interacting fermions in a two-dimensional deformed trap with spin-orbit coupling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marchukov, O. V.; Fedorov, D. V.; Jensen, A. S.


    We investigate a two-dimensional system of fermions with two internal (spin) degrees of freedom. It is confined by a deformed harmonic trap and subject to a Zeeman field, Rashba or Dresselhaus one-body spin-orbit couplings and two-body short range repulsion. We obtain self-consistent mean-field $N...

  7. Superconductivity in three-dimensional spin-orbit coupled semimetals (United States)

    Savary, Lucile; Ruhman, Jonathan; Venderbos, Jörn W. F.; Fu, Liang; Lee, Patrick A.


    Motivated by the experimental detection of superconductivity in the low-carrier density half-Heusler compound YPtBi, we study the pairing instabilities of three-dimensional strongly spin-orbit coupled semimetals with a quadratic band touching point. In these semimetals the electronic structure at the Fermi energy is described by spin j =3/2 quasiparticles, which are fundamentally different from those in ordinary metals with spin j =1/2 . For both local and nonlocal pairing channels in j =3/2 materials we develop a general approach to analyzing pairing instabilities, thereby providing the computational tools needed to investigate the physics of these systems beyond phenomenological considerations. Furthermore, applying our method to a generic density-density interaction, we establish that: (i) The pairing strengths in the different symmetry channels uniquely encode the j =3/2 nature of the Fermi surface band structure—a manifestation of the fundamental difference with ordinary metals. (ii) The leading odd-parity pairing instabilities are different for electron doping and hole doping. Finally, we argue that polar phonons, i.e., Coulomb interactions mediated by the long-ranged electric polarization of the optical phonon modes, provide a coupling strength large enough to account for a Kelvin-range transition temperature in the s -wave channel, and are likely to play an important role in the overall attraction in non-s -wave channels. Moreover, the explicit calculation of the coupling strengths allows us to conclude that the two largest non-s -wave contributions occur in nonlocal channels, in contrast with what has been commonly assumed.

  8. Equilibrium spin current induced by spin-orbital interaction in a quantum dot system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liang Feng [Department of Physics, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China)], E-mail:; Shen Yaoguo; Yang Yonghong [Department of Physics, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China)


    We report a theoretical study of the equilibrium spin current flowing in a quantum dot system. Two electrodes are the two-dimensional electron gas with Rashba or Dresselhaus spin-orbital interaction. By using the Keldysh Green's function technique, we demonstrated that a nonzero spin current can flow in the system without bias. At the weak coupling between electrodes and the quantum dot, the spin current is approximately proportional to the cross product of two average pseudo-magnetizations in two electrodes, which agrees with the result of the linear response theory; whereas at the opposite case, the strong coupling between the quantum dot and electrodes can lead to a non-sinusoidal behavior of the equilibrium spin current. These behaviors of the equilibrium spin current are similar to the Josephson current.

  9. Spin-dependent Klein tunneling in graphene: Role of Rashba spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Liu, Ming-Hao; Bundesmann, Jan; Richter, Klaus


    Within an effective Dirac theory the low-energy dispersions of monolayer graphene in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit coupling and spin-degenerate bilayer graphene are described by formally identical expressions. We explore implications of this correspondence for transport by choosing chiral tunneling through pn and pnpjunctions as a concrete example. A real-space Green's function formalism based on a tight-binding model is adopted to perform the ballistic transport calculations, which cover and confirm previous theoretical results based on the Dirac theory. Chiral tunneling in monolayer graphene in the presence of Rashba coupling is shown to indeed behave like in bilayer graphene. Combined effects of a forbidden normal transmission and spin separation are observed within the single-band n↔p transmission regime. The former comes from real-spin conservation, in analogy with pseudospin conservation in bilayer graphene, while the latter arises from the intrinsic spin-Hall mechanism of the Rashba coupling.

  10. Long-Lived Spin-Orbit-Coupled Degenerate Dipolar Fermi Gas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathaniel Q. Burdick


    Full Text Available We describe the creation of a long-lived spin-orbit-coupled gas of quantum degenerate atoms using the most magnetic fermionic element, dysprosium. Spin-orbit coupling arises from a synthetic gauge field created by the adiabatic following of degenerate dressed states composed of optically coupled components of an atomic spin. Because of dysprosium’s large electronic orbital angular momentum and large magnetic moment, the lifetime of the gas is limited not by spontaneous emission from the light-matter coupling, as for gases of alkali-metal atoms, but by dipolar relaxation of the spin. This relaxation is suppressed at large magnetic fields due to Fermi statistics. We observe lifetimes up to 400 ms, which exceeds that of spin-orbit-coupled fermionic alkali atoms by a factor of 10–100 and is close to the value obtained from a theoretical model. Elastic dipolar interactions are also observed to influence the Rabi evolution of the spin, revealing an interacting fermionic system. The long lifetime of this weakly interacting spin-orbit-coupled degenerate Fermi gas will facilitate the study of quantum many-body phenomena manifest at longer time scales, with exciting implications for the exploration of exotic topological quantum liquids.

  11. New perspectives for Rashba spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Manchon, A.; Koo, H. C.; Nitta, J.; Frolov, S. M.; Duine, R. A.


    In 1984, Bychkov and Rashba introduced a simple form of spin-orbit coupling to explain the peculiarities of electron spin resonance in two-dimensional semiconductors. Over the past 30 years, Rashba spin-orbit coupling has inspired a vast number of predictions, discoveries and innovative concepts far beyond semiconductors. The past decade has been particularly creative, with the realizations of manipulating spin orientation by moving electrons in space, controlling electron trajectories using spin as a steering wheel, and the discovery of new topological classes of materials. This progress has reinvigorated the interest of physicists and materials scientists in the development of inversion asymmetric structures, ranging from layered graphene-like materials to cold atoms. This Review discusses relevant recent and ongoing realizations of Rashba physics in condensed matter.

  12. Coupling of spin and orbital motion of electrons in carbon nanotubes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuemmeth, Ferdinand; Ilani, S; Ralph, D C


    of electrons are coupled, thereby breaking all of these symmetries. This spin–orbit coupling is directly observed as a splitting of the four-fold degeneracy of a single electron in ultra-clean quantum dots. The coupling favours parallel alignment of the orbital and spin magnetic moments for electrons......Electrons in atoms possess both spin and orbital degrees of freedom. In non-relativistic quantum mechanics, these are independent, resulting in large degeneracies in atomic spectra. However, relativistic effects couple the spin and orbital motion, leading to the well-known fine structure...... systems, entailing new design principles for the realization of quantum bits (qubits) in nanotubes and providing a mechanism for all-electrical control of spins in nanotubes....

  13. Topological phases in superconductor-noncollinear magnet interfaces with strong spin-orbit coupling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menke, H.; Schnyder, A.P. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Toews, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Quantum Matter Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada)


    Majorana fermions are predicted to emerge at interfaces between conventional s-wave superconductors and non-collinear magnets. In these heterostructures, the spin moments of the non-collinear magnet induce a low-energy band of Shiba bound states in the superconductor. Depending on the type of order of the magnet, the band structure of these bound states can be topologically nontrivial. Thus far, research has focused on systems where the influence of spin-orbit coupling can be neglected. Here, we explore the interplay between non-collinear (or non-coplanar) spin textures and Rashba-type spin-orbit interaction. This situation is realized, for example, in heterostructures between helical magnets and heavy elemental superconductors, such as Pb. Using a unitary transformation in spin space, we show that the effects of Rashba-type spin-orbit coupling are equivalent to the effects of the non-collinear spin texture of the helical magnet. We explore the topological phase diagram as a function of spin-orbit coupling, spin texture, and chemical potential, and find many interesting topological phases, such as p{sub x}-, (p{sub x} + p{sub y})-, and (p{sub x} + i p{sub y})-wave states. Conditions for the formation and the nature of Majorana edge channels are examined. Furthermore, we study the topological edge currents of these phases.

  14. EPR of exchange coupled systems

    CERN Document Server

    Bencini, Alessandro


    From chemistry to solid state physics to biology, the applications of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) are relevant to many areas. This unified treatment is based on the spin Hamiltonian approach and makes extensive use of irreducible tensor techniques to analyze systems in which two or more spins are magnetically coupled. This edition contains a new Introduction by coauthor Dante Gatteschi, a pioneer and scholar of molecular magnetism.The first two chapters review the foundations of exchange interactions, followed by examinations of the spectra of pairs and clusters, relaxation in oligon

  15. Topological spinon bands and vison excitations in spin-orbit coupled quantum spin liquids (United States)

    Sonnenschein, Jonas; Reuther, Johannes


    Spin liquids are exotic quantum states characterized by the existence of fractional and deconfined quasiparticle excitations, referred to as spinons and visons. Their fractional nature establishes topological properties such as a protected ground-state degeneracy. This work investigates spin-orbit coupled spin liquids where, additionally, topology enters via nontrivial band structures of the spinons. We revisit the Z2 spin-liquid phases that have recently been identified in a projective symmetry-group analysis on the square lattice when spin-rotation symmetry is maximally lifted [J. Reuther et al., Phys. Rev. B 90, 174417 (2014), 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.174417]. We find that in the case of nearest-neighbor couplings only, Z2 spin liquids on the square lattice always exhibit trivial spinon bands. Adding second-neighbor terms, the simplest projective symmetry-group solution closely resembles the Bernevig-Hughes-Zhang model for topological insulators. Assuming that the emergent gauge fields are static, we investigate vison excitations, which we confirm to be deconfined in all investigated spin phases. Particularly, if the spinon bands are topological, the spinons and visons form bound states consisting of several spinon-Majorana zero modes coupling to one vison. The existence of such zero modes follows from an exact mapping between these spin phases and topological p +i p superconductors with vortices. We propose experimental probes to detect such states in real materials.

  16. Rapid communication: Transverse spin with coupled plasmons

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Samyobrata Mukherjee


    Jul 25, 2017 ... spline interpolation from the data of Johnson and Christy. [31]. But first, we have to deal with normalization in order to make our comparisons of the transverse spin for different wavelengths and metal film thicknesses d meaningful. We normalize the power flow into the sys- tem at x = 0 to unity. ∫ ∞. −∞.

  17. Rapid communication: Transverse spin with coupled plasmons

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    We study theoretically the transverse spin associated with the eigenmodes of a thinmetal film embedded in a dielectric. We show ... Gachibowli, Hyderabad 500 046, India; Department of Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India ...

  18. Microelectromechanical systems integrating molecular spin crossover actuators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manrique-Juarez, Maria D. [LCC, CNRS and Université de Toulouse, UPS, INP, F-31077 Toulouse (France); LAAS, CNRS and Université de Toulouse, INSA, UPS, F-31077 Toulouse (France); Rat, Sylvain; Salmon, Lionel; Molnár, Gábor; Bousseksou, Azzedine, E-mail:, E-mail: [LCC, CNRS and Université de Toulouse, UPS, INP, F-31077 Toulouse (France); Mathieu, Fabrice; Saya, Daisuke; Séguy, Isabelle; Leïchlé, Thierry; Nicu, Liviu, E-mail:, E-mail: [LAAS, CNRS and Université de Toulouse, INSA, UPS, F-31077 Toulouse (France)


    Silicon MEMS cantilevers coated with a 200 nm thin layer of the molecular spin crossover complex [Fe(H{sub 2}B(pz){sub 2}){sub 2}(phen)] (H{sub 2}B(pz){sub 2} = dihydrobis(pyrazolyl)borate and phen = 1,10-phenantroline) were actuated using an external magnetic field and their resonance frequency was tracked by means of integrated piezoresistive detection. The light-induced spin-state switching of the molecules from the ground low spin to the metastable high spin state at 10 K led to a well-reproducible shift of the cantilever's resonance frequency (Δf{sub r} = −0.52 Hz). Control experiments at different temperatures using coated as well as uncoated devices along with simple calculations support the assignment of this effect to the spin transition. This latter translates into changes in mechanical behavior of the cantilever due to the strong spin-state/lattice coupling. A guideline for the optimization of device parameters is proposed so as to efficiently harness molecular scale movements for large-scale mechanical work, thus paving the road for nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) actuators based on molecular materials.

  19. Localization-delocalization transition in spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensate (United States)

    Li, Chunyan; Ye, Fangwei; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Konotop, Vladimir V.; Chen, Xianfeng


    We address the impact of the spin-orbit (SO) coupling on the localization-delocalization-transition (LDT) in a spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensate in a bichromatic potential. We find that SO coupling significantly alters the threshold depth of the one of sublattices above which the lowest eigenstates transform from delocalizated into localized. For some moderate coupling strengths the threshold is strongly reduced, which is explained by the SO coupling-induced band flattening in one of the sub-lattices. We explain why simultaneous Rabi and SO coupling are necessary ingredients for LDT threshold cancellation and show that strong SO coupling drives the system into the state where its evolution becomes similar to the evolution of a one-component system. We also find that defocusing nonlinearity can lead to localization of the states which are delocalized in the linear limit.

  20. Localization-delocalization transition in spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensate (United States)

    Li, Chunyan; Ye, Fangwei; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Konotop, Vladimir V.; Chen, Xianfeng


    We address the impact of the spin-orbit (SO) coupling on the localization-delocalization-transition (LDT) in a spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensate in a bichromatic potential. We find that SO coupling significantly alters the threshold depth of the one of sublattices above which the lowest eigenstates transform from delocalizated into localized. For some moderate coupling strengths the threshold is strongly reduced, which is explained by the SO coupling-induced band flattening in one of the sub-lattices. We explain why simultaneous Rabi and SO coupling are necessary ingredients for LDT threshold cancellation and show that strong SO coupling drives the system into the state where its evolution becomes similar to the evolution of a one-component system. We also find that defocusing nonlinearity can lead to localization of the states which are delocalized in the linear limit. PMID:27531120

  1. Ultracoherent operation of spin qubits with superexchange coupling (United States)

    Rančić, Marko J.; Burkard, Guido


    With the use of nuclear-spin-free materials such as silicon and germanium, spin-based quantum bits (qubits) have evolved to become among the most coherent systems for quantum information processing. The new frontier for spin qubits has therefore shifted to the ubiquitous charge noise and spin-orbit interaction, which are limiting the coherence times and gate fidelities of solid-state qubits. In this paper we investigate superexchange, as a means of indirect exchange interaction between two single electron spin qubits, each embedded in a single semiconductor quantum dot (QD), mediated by an intermediate, empty QD. Our results suggest the existence of "supersweet spots", in which the qubit operations implemented by superexchange interaction are simultaneously first-order-insensitive to charge noise and to errors due to spin-orbit interaction. The proposed spin-qubit architecture is scalable and within the manufacturing capabilities of semiconductor industry.

  2. Spin-orbit-induced strong coupling of a single spin to a nanomechanical resonator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pályi, András; Struck, P R; Rudner, Mark


    We theoretically investigate the deflection-induced coupling of an electron spin to vibrational motion due to spin-orbit coupling in suspended carbon nanotube quantum dots. Our estimates indicate that, with current capabilities, a quantum dot with an odd number of electrons can serve...... as a realization of the Jaynes-Cummings model of quantum electrodynamics in the strong-coupling regime. A quantized flexural mode of the suspended tube plays the role of the optical mode and we identify two distinct two-level subspaces, at small and large magnetic field, which can be used as qubits in this setup...

  3. Spin currents and magnetization dynamics in multilayer systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Bijl, E.


    In this Thesis the interplay between spin currents and magnetization dynamics is investigated theoretically. With the help of a simple model the relevant physical phenomena are introduced. From this model it can be deduced that in systems with small spin-orbit coupling, current-induced torques on

  4. Gate-dependent spin-orbit coupling in multielectron carbon nanotubes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Thomas Sand; Grove-Rasmussen, Kasper; Paaske, Jens


    Understanding how the orbital motion of electrons is coupled to the spin degree of freedom in nanoscale systems is central for applications in spin-based electronics and quantum computation. Here we demonstrate such spin–orbit coupling in a carbon-nanotube quantum dot in the general multielectron...... graphene lattice. Our findings suggest that the spin–orbit coupling is a general property of carbon-nanotube quantum dots, which should provide a unique platform for the study of spin–orbit effects and their applications....

  5. A long-lived spin-orbit-coupled degenerate dipolar Fermi gas

    CERN Document Server

    Burdick, Nathaniel Q; Lev, Benjamin L


    We describe the creation of a long-lived spin-orbit-coupled gas of quantum degenerate atoms using the most magnetic fermionic element, dysprosium. Spin-orbit-coupling arises from a synthetic gauge field created by the adiabatic following of degenerate dressed states comprised of optically coupled components of an atomic spin. Because of dysprosium's large electronic orbital angular momentum and large magnetic moment, the lifetime of the gas is limited not by spontaneous emission from the light-matter coupling, as for gases of alkali-metal atoms, but by dipolar relaxation of the spin. This relaxation is suppressed at large magnetic fields due to Fermi statistics. We observe lifetimes up to 400 ms, which exceeds that of spin-orbit-coupled fermionic alkali atoms by a factor of 10-100, and is close to the value obtained from a theoretical model. Elastic dipolar interactions are also observed to influence the Rabi evolution of the spin, revealing an interacting fermionic system. The long lifetime of this weakly in...

  6. Spin-dependent Klein tunneling in graphene: Role of Rashba spin-orbit coupling


    Liu, Ming-Hao; Bundesmann, Jan; Richter, Klaus


    Within an effective Dirac theory the low-energy dispersions of monolayer graphene in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit coupling and spin-degenerate bilayer graphene are described by formally identical expressions. We explore implications of this correspondence for transport by choosing chiral tunneling through pn and pnp junctions as a concrete example. A real-space Green's function formalism based on a tight-binding model is adopted to perform the ballistic transport calculations, which cove...

  7. Inverse spin Hall effect in ferromagnetic metal with Rashba spin orbit coupling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.-J. Xing


    Full Text Available We report an intrinsic form of the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE in ferromagnetic (FM metal with Rashba spin orbit coupling (RSOC, which is driven by a normal charge current. Unlike the conventional form, the ISHE can be induced without the need for spin current injection from an external source. Our theoretical results show that Hall voltage is generated when the FM moment is perpendicular to the ferromagnetic layer. The polarity of the Hall voltage is reversed upon switching the FM moment to the opposite direction, thus promising a useful reading mechanism for memory or logic applications.

  8. A generalized spin diffusion equation with four electrochemical potentials for channels with spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Sayed, Shehrin; Hong, Seokmin; Datta, Supriyo

    We will present a general semiclassical theory for an arbitrary channel with spin-orbit coupling (SOC), that uses four electrochemical potential (U + , D + , U - , and D -) depending on the sign of z-component of the spin (up (U) , down (D)) and the sign of the x-component of the group velocity (+ , -) . This can be considered as an extension of the standard spin diffusion equation that uses two electrochemical potentials for up and down spin states, allowing us to take into account the unique coupling between charge and spin degrees of freedom in channels with SOC. We will describe applications of this model to answer a number of interesting questions in this field such as: (1) whether topological insulators can switch magnets, (2) how the charge to spin conversion is influenced by the channel resistivity, and (3) how device structures can be designed to enhance spin injection. This work was supported by FAME, one of six centers of STARnet, a Semiconductor Research Corporation program sponsored by MARCO and DARPA.

  9. Spin-orbit coupling in periodically driven optical lattices (United States)

    Struck, Julian; Simonet, Juliette; Sengstock, Klaus


    The realization of artificial spin-orbit coupling (SOC) for the external degrees of freedom of neutral, ultracold atoms has raised considerable interest in recent years. It has been predicted that the interplay between interactions and SOC leads to a variety of many-body phases, ranging from stripe states to topological superfluids. Currently, a main experimental obstacle in the realization of these phases is the limited lifetime of the atomic ensemble. All of the experimentally implemented schemes rely on the near-resonant Raman coupling of internal states and thus suffer from the spontaneous emission of photons, leading to excitations and particle loss. Here we present a novel method for the emulation of artificial SOC for atoms trapped in a tight-binding lattice. This scheme does not involve near-resonant laser fields, avoiding the heating processes connected to spontaneous emission. In our case, the necessary spin-dependent tunnel matrix elements are generated by a rapid, spin-dependent, periodic force, which can be described in the framework of an effective, time-averaged Hamiltonian. An additional radio-frequency coupling between the spin states leads to a mixing of the spin bands. The strength of the SOC can be continuously tuned, simply by adjusting the driving amplitude.

  10. Zero-momentum coupling induced transitions of ground states in Rashba spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensates (United States)

    Jin, Jingjing; Zhang, Suying; Han, Wei


    We investigate the transitions of ground states induced by zero momentum (ZM) coupling in pseudospin-1/2 Rashba spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensates confined in a harmonic trap. In a weak harmonic trap, the condensate presents a plane wave (PW) state, a stripe state or a spin polarized ZM state, and the particle distribution of the stripe state is weighted equally at two points in the momentum space without ZM coupling. The presence of ZM coupling induces an imbalanced particle distribution in the momentum space, and leads to the decrease of the amplitude of the stripe state. When its strength exceeds a critical value, the system experiences the transition from stripe phase to PW phase. The boundary of these two phases is shifted and a new phase diagram spanned by the ZM coupling and the interatomic interactions is obtained. The presence of ZM coupling can also achieve the transition from ZM phase to PW phase. In a strong harmonic trap, the condensate exhibits a vortex lattice state without ZM coupling. For the positive effective Rabi frequency of ZM coupling, the condensate is driven from a vortex lattice state to a vortex-free lattice state and finally to a PW state with the increase of coupling strength. In addition, for the negative effective Rabi frequency, the condensate is driven from a vortex lattice state to a stripe state, and finally to a PW state. The stripe state found in the strong harmonic trap is different from that in previous works because of its nonzero superfluid velocity along the stripes. We also discuss the influences of the ZM coupling on the spin textures, and indicate that the spin textures are squeezed transversely by the ZM coupling.

  11. Transport in superconductor--normal metal--superconductor tunneling structures: Spinful p-wave and spin-orbit-coupled topological wires


    Setiawan, F.; Cole, William S.; Sau, Jay D.; Sarma, S. Das


    We theoretically study transport properties of voltage-biased one-dimensional superconductor--normal metal--superconductor tunnel junctions with arbitrary junction transparency where the superconductors can have trivial or nontrivial topology. Motivated by recent experimental efforts on Majorana properties of superconductor-semiconductor hybrid systems, we consider two explicit models for topological superconductors: (i) spinful p-wave, and (ii) spin-split spin-orbit-coupled s-wave. We provid...

  12. Magnetic interactions and spin configuration in FeRh and Fe/FeRh systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuncser, V. E-mail:; Keune, W.; Sahoo, B.; Duman, E.; Acet, M.; Radu, F.; Valeanu, M.; Crisan, O.; Filoti, G


    The magnetic interactions and the Fe spin structure have been studied in Fe(6 nm)/FeRh systems by magnetometry, magneto-optic Kerr effect and conversion electron Moessbauer spectroscopy. A spin-flop coupling mechanism, with the interfacial spins of the ferromagnetic phase perpendicular to the spins of the antiferromagnetic phase was experimentally proved.

  13. Spectral Gaps of Spin-orbit Coupled Particles in Deformed Traps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    V. Marchukov, O.; G. Volosniev, A.; V. Fedorov, D.


    We consider a spin-orbit coupled system of particles in an external trap that is represented by a deformed harmonic oscillator potential. The spin-orbit interaction is a Rashba interaction that does not commute with the trapping potential and requires a full numerical treatment in order to obtain...... the spectrum. The effect of a Zeeman term is also considered. Our results demonstrate that variable spectral gaps occur as a function of strength of the Rashba interaction and deformation of the harmonic trapping potential. The single-particle density of states and the critical strength for superfluidity vary...... tremendously with the interaction parameter. The strong variations with Rashba coupling and deformation implies that the few- and many-body physics of spin-orbit coupled systems can be manipulated by variation of these parameters....

  14. Spin Physics with the PHENIX Detector System


    Saito, N.; Collaboration, for the PHENIX


    The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has extended its scope to cover spin physics using polarized proton beams. The major goals of the spin physics at RHIC are elucidation of the spin structure of the nucleon and precision tests of the symmetries. Sensitivities of the spin physics measurements with the PHENIX detector system are reviewed.

  15. Coupling nitrogen-vacancy centers to a dynamic ferromagnetic vortex for fast, nanoscale spin addressability and control (United States)

    Berezovsky, Jesse

    As we begin to look at how spin qubits might be integrated into a scalable platform, a promising strategy is to engineer the magnetic environment of the spins using micron- or nanometer-scale ferromagnetic (FM) elements, for functionalities such as nanoscale addressability, spin-wave mediated coupling, or enhanced sensing. The promise of these FM/spin interactions brings with it the question of how the coherence properties of the spin will be affected by coupling to these complex mesoscopic systems. To explore the physics of individual spins coupled to a proximal, dynamic ferromagnetic structure, we have studied interactions between individual nitrogen-vacancy (NV) spins and a model FM system - a vortex magnetization state. The complex, yet controllable, spin texture of a FM vortex, formed in a thin disk or nanowire, allows one to study different regimes of interaction with a nearby confined spin. The vortex core produces a large static dipole-like fringe field. The vortex state also displays discrete dynamic modes ranging from several 100 MHz to GHz. By applying an in-plane magnetic field, the position of the vortex core relative to the NV spin can be controlled with nanometer-scale resolution, and time resolution of 10s of nanoseconds. As the vortex core is translated into proximity with an NV spin, the fringe field from the core generates a large position-dependent spin splitting, permitting nanoscale spin addressability. We also find that the dynamic interaction of the vortex, NV spin, and applied microwave field results in amplification of the Rabi transition rate by more than an order of magnitude. Finally, we explore how spin decoherence and relaxation mechanisms are enhanced as the vortex core approaches the NVs, with implications for proposed technology incorporating coherent spins and proximal FM elements. We acknowledge support from DOE, Award No. DE-SC008148.

  16. Spin-orbit torques from interfacial spin-orbit coupling for various interfaces (United States)

    Kim, Kyoung-Whan; Lee, Kyung-Jin; Sinova, Jairo; Lee, Hyun-Woo; Stiles, M. D.


    We use a perturbative approach to study the effects of interfacial spin-orbit coupling in magnetic multilayers by treating the two-dimensional Rashba model in a fully three-dimensional description of electron transport near an interface. This formalism provides a compact analytic expression for current-induced spin-orbit torques in terms of unperturbed scattering coefficients, allowing computation of spin-orbit torques for various contexts, by simply substituting scattering coefficients into the formulas. It applies to calculations of spin-orbit torques for magnetic bilayers with bulk magnetism, those with interface magnetism, a normal-metal/ferromagnetic insulator junction, and a topological insulator/ferromagnet junction. It predicts a dampinglike component of spin-orbit torque that is distinct from any intrinsic contribution or those that arise from particular spin relaxation mechanisms. We discuss the effects of proximity-induced magnetism and insertion of an additional layer and provide formulas for in-plane current, which is induced by a perpendicular bias, anisotropic magnetoresistance, and spin memory loss in the same formalism.

  17. Three-dimensional vortex-bright solitons in a spin-orbit-coupled spin-1 condensate (United States)

    Gautam, Sandeep; Adhikari, S. K.


    We demonstrate stable and metastable vortex-bright solitons in a three-dimensional spin-orbit-coupled three-component hyperfine spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) using numerical solution and variational approximation of a mean-field model. The spin-orbit coupling provides attraction to form vortex-bright solitons in both attractive and repulsive spinor BECs. The ground state of these vortex-bright solitons is axially symmetric for weak polar interaction. For a sufficiently strong ferromagnetic interaction, we observe the emergence of a fully asymmetric vortex-bright soliton as the ground state. We also numerically investigate moving solitons. The present mean-field model is not Galilean invariant, and we use a Galilean-transformed mean-field model for generating the moving solitons.

  18. Quantum phases of two-component bosons with spin-orbit coupling in optical lattices (United States)

    Yamamoto, Daisuke; Spielman, I. B.; Sá de Melo, C. A. R.


    Ultracold bosons in optical lattices are one of the few systems where bosonic matter is known to exhibit strong correlations. Here we push the frontier of our understanding of interacting bosons in optical lattices by adding synthetic spin-orbit coupling, and show that new kinds of density and chiral orders develop. The competition between the optical lattice period and the spin-orbit coupling length—which can be made comparable in experiments—along with the spin hybridization induced by a transverse field (i.e., Rabi coupling) and interparticle interactions create a rich variety of quantum phases including uniform, nonuniform, and phase-separated superfluids, as well as Mott insulators. The spontaneous symmetry-breaking phenomena at the transitions between them are explained by a two-order-parameter Ginzburg-Landau model with multiparticle umklapp processes. Finally, in order to characterize each phase, we calculated their experimentally measurable crystal momentum distributions.

  19. The effects of Rashba spin-orbit coupling on spin-polarized transport in hexagonal graphene nano-rings and flakes (United States)

    Laghaei, M.; Heidari Semiromi, E.


    Quantum transport properties and spin polarization in hexagonal graphene nanostructures with zigzag edges and different sizes were investigated in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit interaction (RSOI). The nanostructure was considered as a channel to which two semi-infinite armchair graphene nanoribbons were coupled as input and output leads. Spin transmission and spin polarization in x, y, and z directions were calculated through applying Landauer-Buttiker formalism with tight binding model and the Green's function to the system. In these quantum structures it is shown that changing the size of system, induce and control the spin polarized currents. In short, these graphene systems are typical candidates for electrical spintronic devices as spin filtering.

  20. Electron-phonon coupling of light-actinides. Effect of spin-orbit coupling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez-Castelazo, Paola; Pena-Seaman, Omar de la [Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla (BUAP), Institute of Physics (IFUAP) (Mexico); Heid, Rolf; Bohnen, Klaus-Peter [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik (IFP) (Germany)


    The physics of actinide metals is quite complex and rich due to the behavior of 5f electrons in the valence region: it goes from itinerant on the early stages of the actinide series to highly localized for the elements with a higher number of 5f electrons involved. In addition, in this systems should be mandatory the inclusion of spin-orbit coupling (SOC). However, only in few cases on electronic and lattice dynamical properties the SOC has been taking into account, while for the electron-phonon (e-ph) coupling such analysis has not been performed so far. Thus, as a first approach we have systematically studied the SOC influence on the full-phonon dispersion and the e-ph coupling for the simplest light-actinide metals: Ac and Th. These elements have been studied within the framework of density functional perturbation theory, using a mixed-basis pseudopotential method. The full-phonon dispersion as well as the Eliashberg spectral function and the electron-phonon coupling parameter have been calculated with and without SOC. The observed effects of SOC in the full-phonon dispersion and Eliashberg function are discussed in detail, together with an analysis of the differences on the electronic properties due to the SOC inclusion in the calculations.

  1. SOPPA and CCSD vibrational corrections to NMR indirect spin-spin coupling constants of small hydrocarbons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faber, Rasmus; Sauer, Stephan P. A. [Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø (Denmark)


    We present zero-point vibrational corrections to the indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants in ethyne, ethene, cyclopropene and allene. The calculations have been carried out both at the level of the second order polarization propagator approximation (SOPPA) employing a new implementation in the DALTON program, at the density functional theory level with the B3LYP functional employing also the Dalton program and at the level of coupled cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) theory employing the implementation in the CFOUR program. Specialized coupling constant basis sets, aug-cc-pVTZ-J, have been employed in the calculations. We find that on average the SOPPA results for both the equilibrium geometry values and the zero-point vibrational corrections are in better agreement with the CCSD results than the corresponding B3LYP results. Furthermore we observed that the vibrational corrections are in the order of 5 Hz for the one-bond carbon-hydrogen couplings and about 1 Hz or smaller for the other couplings apart from the one-bond carbon-carbon coupling (11 Hz) and the two-bond carbon-hydrogen coupling (4 Hz) in ethyne. However, not for all couplings lead the inclusion of zero-point vibrational corrections to better agreement with experiment.

  2. SOPPA and CCSD vibrational corrections to NMR indirect spin-spin coupling constants of small hydrocarbons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faber, Rasmus; Sauer, Stephan P. A.


    We present zero-point vibrational corrections to the indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants in ethyne, ethene, cyclopropene and allene. The calculations have been carried out both at the level of the second order polarization propagator approximation (SOPPA) employing a new implementation...... in the DALTON program, at the density functional theory level with the B3LYP functional employing also the Dalton program and at the level of coupled cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) theory employing the implementation in the CFOUR program. Specialized coupling constant basis sets, aug-cc-pVTZ-J, have been...... employed in the calculations. We find that on average the SOPPA results for both the equilibrium geometry values and the zero-point vibrational corrections are in better agreement with the CCSD results than the corresponding B3LYP results. Furthermore we observed that the vibrational corrections...

  3. Spin-orbit coupling in ultracold Fermi gases of 173Yb atoms (United States)

    Song, Bo; He, Chengdong; Hajiyev, Elnur; Ren, Zejian; Seo, Bojeong; Cai, Geyue; Amanov, Dovran; Zhang, Shanchao; Jo, Gyu-Boong


    Synthetic spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in cold atoms opens an intriguing new way to probe nontrivial topological orders beyond natural conditions. Here, we report the realization of the SOC physics both in a bulk system and in an optical lattice. First, we demonstrate two hallmarks induced from SOC in a bulk system, spin dephasing in the Rabi oscillation and asymmetric atomic distribution in the momentum space respectively. Then we describe the observation of non-trivial spin textures and the determination of the topological phase transition in a spin-dependent optical lattice dressed by the periodic Raman field. Furthermore, we discuss the quench dynamics between topological and trivial states by suddenly changing the band topology. Our work paves a new way to study non-equilibrium topological states in a controlled manner. Funded by Croucher Foundation and Research Grants Council (RGC) of Hong Kong (Project ECS26300014, GRF16300215, GRF16311516, and Croucher Innovation Grants).

  4. Spin Orbit coupling and Anomalous Josephson effect in Nanowires


    Campagnano, G.; Lucignano, P.; Giuliano, D.; Tagliacozzo, A.


    A superconductor-semiconducting nanowire-superconductor heterostructure in the presence of spin orbit coupling and magnetic field can support a supercurrent even in the absence of phase difference between the superconducting electrodes. We investigate this phenomenon, the anomalous Josephson effect, employing a model capable of describing many bands in the normal region. We discuss geometrical and symmetry conditions required to have finite anomalous supercurrent and in particular we show tha...

  5. The nonuniform spin polarization in the square-shaped 1D wire induced by spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Val'kov, V. V.; Fedoseev, A. D.


    It is shown that the Rashba spin-orbit coupling induces the spatially nonuniform spin state in the square-shaped 1D wire. The electron states of this type are characterized with spin orientation changing according to the harmonic motion along the square side. The period of the oscillation is determined only by the spin-orbital coupling and the hopping parameters ratio. The modulation of spin orientation is caused by step-like changing of Rashba field direction. The obtained results were generalized on the case of polygon-shaped wire.

  6. Electric-field-induced interferometric resonance of a one-dimensional spin-orbit-coupled electron


    Jingtao Fan; Yuansen Chen; Gang Chen; Liantuan Xiao; Suotang Jia; Franco Nori


    The efficient control of electron spins is of crucial importance for spintronics, quantum metrology, and quantum information processing. We theoretically formulate an electric mechanism to probe the electron spin dynamics, by focusing on a one-dimensional spin-orbit-coupled nanowire quantum dot. Owing to the existence of spin-orbit coupling and a pulsed electric field, different spin-orbit states are shown to interfere with each other, generating intriguing interference-resonant patterns. We ...

  7. Thermal Entanglement in XXZ Heisenberg Model for Coupled Spin-Half and Spin-One Triangular Cell (United States)

    Najarbashi, Ghader; Balazadeh, Leila; Tavana, Ali


    In this paper, we investigate the thermal entanglement of two-spin subsystems in an ensemble of coupled spin-half and spin-one triangular cells, (1/2, 1/2, 1/2), (1/2, 1, 1/2), (1, 1/2, 1) and (1, 1, 1) with the XXZ anisotropic Heisenberg model subjected to an external homogeneous magnetic field. We adopt the generalized concurrence as the measure of entanglement which is a good indicator of the thermal entanglement and the critical points in the mixed higher dimensional spin systems. We observe that in the near vicinity of the absolute zero, the concurrence measure is symmetric with respect to zero magnetic field and changes abruptly from a non-null to null value for a critical magnetic field that can be signature of a quantum phase transition at finite temperature. The analysis of concurrence versus temperature shows that there exists a critical temperature, that depends on the type of the interaction, i.e. ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic, the anisotropy parameter and the strength of the magnetic field. Results show that the pairwise thermal entanglement depends on the third spin which affects the maximum value of the concurrence at absolute zero and at quantum critical points.

  8. Strain-spin density wave coupling in heavy fermion compounds. [U-Pd-Al; U-Ru-Si

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luethi, B. (Physikalisches Inst., Univ. Frankfurt (Germany)); Wolf, B. (Physikalisches Inst., Univ. Frankfurt (Germany)); Thalmeier, P. (Physikalisches Inst., Univ. Frankfurt (Germany)); Guenther, M. (Physikalisches Inst., Univ. Frankfurt (Germany)); Sixl, W. (Physikalisches Inst., Univ. Frankfurt (Germany)); Bruls, G. (Physikalisches Inst., Univ. Frankfurt (Germany))


    The strain-spin density wave coupling in heavy fermion systems in the vicinity of the magnetic transition temperature is discussed. Through a comparison of the effects in UPd[sub 2]Al[sub 3] and URu[sub 2]Si[sub 2] it is shown that in the latter substance the magnetic ordering cannot be a conventional spin density wave state. The influence of a spin nematic ordering on elastic constants is discussed. (orig.)

  9. Energy transfer in the nonequilibrium spin-boson model: From weak to strong coupling. (United States)

    Liu, Junjie; Xu, Hui; Li, Baowen; Wu, Changqin


    To explore energy transfer in the nonequilibrium spin-boson model (NESB) from weak to strong system-bath coupling regimes, we propose a polaron-transformed nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) method. By combining the polaron transformation, we are able to treat the system-bath coupling nonperturbatively, thus in direct contrast to conventionally used NEGF methods which take the system-bath coupling as a perturbation. The Majorana-fermion representation is further utilized to evaluate terms in the Dyson series. This method not only allows us to deal with weak as well as strong coupling regimes but also enables an investigation on the role of bias in the energy transfer. As an application of the method, we study an Ohmic NESB. For an unbiased spin system, our energy current result smoothly bridges predictions of two benchmarks, namely, the quantum master equation and the nonequilibrium noninteracting blip approximation, a considerable improvement over existing theories. In case of a biased spin system, we found a bias-induced nonmonotonic behavior of the energy conductance in the intermediate coupling regime, resulting from the resonant character of the energy transfer. This finding may offer a nontrivial quantum control knob over energy transfer at the nanoscale.

  10. Spin asymmetries for elastic proton scattering and the spin-dependent couplings of the Pomeron (United States)

    Trueman, T. L.


    This paper serves as a report on the large amount of analysis done in conjunction with the polarized proton program at the Relavitistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory. This comprises elastic scattering data of protons on protons in colliding beam or fixed target mode and proton beams on carbon targets. In addition to providing a model for the energy dependence of the analyzing power of elastic scattering needed for proton polarimetry, it also provides some significant information about the spin dependence of dominant Regge poles. Most notably, the data indicate that the Pomeron has a significant spin-flip coupling. This allows the exploration of the double-spin flip asymmetry ANN for which some data over a wide energy range are now available, along with a concrete realization of a proposed Odderon search.

  11. Longitudinal optical and spin Hall conductivities of Rashba conducting strips coupled to ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic layers (United States)

    Riera, José A.


    A system composed of a conducting planar strip with Rashba spin-orbit coupling (RSOC), magnetically coupled to a layer of localized magnetic moments, at equilibrium, is studied within a microscopic Hamiltonian with numerical techniques at zero temperature in the clean limit. In particular, transport properties for the cases of ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) coupled layers are computed in linear response on strips of varying width. Some behaviors observed for these properties are consistent with the ones observed for the corresponding Rashba helical currents. The case of uncoupled Rashba strips is also studied for comparison. In the case of Rashba strips coupled to an AFM localized order, results for the longitudinal dc conductivity, for small strip widths, suggest the proximity to a metal-insulator transition. More interesting, in the proximity of this transition, and in general at intermediate values of the RSOC, a large spin Hall conductivity is observed that is two orders of magnitude larger than the one for the FM order for the same values of the RSOC and strip widths. There are clearly two different regimes for small and for large RSOC, which is also present in the behavior of Rashba helical currents. Different contributions to the optical and the spin Hall conductivities, according to a new classification of inter- or intraband origin proposed for planar strips in the clean limit, or coming from the hopping or spin-orbit terms of the Hamiltonian, are examined. Finally, the effects of different orientation of the coupled magnetic moments will be also studied.

  12. Spin density induced by electromagnetic waves in a two-dimensional electron gas with both Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Pletyukhov, Mikhail; Shnirman, Alexander


    We consider the magnetic response of a two-dimensional electron gas with both Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling to a microwave excitation. We generalize the results of Shnirman and Martin [Europhys. Lett. 78, 27001 (2007)], where pure Rashba coupling was studied. We observe that the microwave with the in-plane electric field and the out-of-plane magnetic field creates an out-of-plane spin polarization. The effect is more prominent in clean systems with resolved spin-orbit-split subbands. Considered as response to the microwave magnetic field, the spin-orbit contribution to the magnetization far exceeds the usual Zeeman contribution in the clean limit. The effect vanishes when the Rashba and the Dresselhaus couplings have equal strength.

  13. Spin-current-driven thermoelectric generation based on interfacial spin-orbit coupling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yagmur, A., E-mail:; Iguchi, R. [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Karube, S.; Otani, Y. [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Center for Emergent Matter Science, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Uchida, K., E-mail: [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Kondou, K. [Center for Emergent Matter Science, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Kikkawa, T. [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); WPI Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Saitoh, E. [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); WPI Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Spin Quantum Rectification Project, ERATO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai 319-1195 (Japan)


    The longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (SSE) in Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Cu/yttrium-iron-garnet (YIG) devices has been investigated. When an out-of-plane temperature gradient is applied to the Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Cu/YIG device, a spin current is generated across the Cu/YIG interface via the SSE and then converted into electric voltage due to the spin–orbit coupling at the Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Cu interface. The sign of the SSE voltage in the Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Cu/YIG devices is opposite to that induced by the conventional inverse spin Hall effect in Pt/YIG devices. The SSE voltage in the Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Cu/YIG devices disappears in the absence of the Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} layer and its thermoelectric conversion efficiency is independent of the Cu thickness, indicating the important role of the Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Cu interface. This result demonstrates that not only the bulk inverse spin Hall effect but also the spin–orbit coupling near the interface can be used for SSE-based thermoelectric generation.

  14. Importance of triples contributions to NMR spin-spin coupling constants computed at the CC3 and CCSDT levels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faber, Rasmus; Sauer, Stephan P. A.; Gauss, Jürgen


    We present the first analytical implementation of CC3 second derivatives using the spin-unrestricted approach. This allows, for the first time, the calculation of nuclear spin-spin coupling constants (SSCC) relevant to NMR spectroscopy at the CC3 level of theory in a fully analytical manner. CC3......-3%, but much higher corrections were found for 1JCN in FCN, 15.7%, and 1JOF in OF2, 6.4%. The changes vary significantly for multi-bond couplings, with differences of up to 10 %, and even 13.6% for 3JFH in fluoroacetylene. Calculations at the coupled cluster singles, doubles, and triples (CCSDT) level indicate...... that the most important contributions arising from connected triple excitations in the coupled cluster expansion are accounted for at the CC3 level. Thus we believe that the CC3 method will become the standard approach for calculation of reference values of nuclear spin-spin coupling constants....

  15. Class of variational Ansätze for the spin-incoherent ground state of a Luttinger liquid coupled to a spin bath (United States)

    Soltanieh-ha, Mohammad; Feiguin, Adrian E.


    Interacting one-dimensional electron systems are generally referred to as “Luttinger liquids,” after the effective low-energy theory in which spin and charge behave as separate degrees of freedom with independent energy scales. The “spin-incoherent Luttinger liquid” describes a finite-temperature regime that is realized when the temperature is very small relative to the Fermi energy, but larger than the characteristic spin energy scale. Similar physics can take place in the ground state, when a Luttinger liquid is coupled to a spin bath, which effectively introduces a “spin temperature” through its entanglement with the spin degree of freedom. We show that the spin-incoherent state can be written as a factorized wave function, with a spin wave function that can be described within a valence bond formalism. This enables us to calculate exact expressions for the momentum distribution function and the entanglement entropy. This picture holds not only for two antiferromagnetically coupled t-J chains, but also for the t-J-Kondo chain with strongly interacting conduction electrons. We argue that this theory is quite universal and may describe a family of problems that could be dubbed “spin incoherent.”

  16. Spin-pumping into organic semiconductors with tunable spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Vardeny, Zeev Valy

    Spin-current that is generated in organic semiconductors via the process of `spin-pumping' from ferromagnetic (FM) substrates subjected to resonant microwave absorption has attracted recently great interest, since this scheme circumvents the impedance mismatch between the organic semiconductor (OSEC) and FM injector that exists in the `spin injection' technique. Because of the weak spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in most OSECs, the resulting inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) in these materials is expected to be subtle, and thus limited by the microwave power applicable under continuous-wave (cw) excitation. In this talk we will describe the ISHE technique using pulsed ferromagnetic resonance, where the ISHE current is 2-3 orders of magnitude larger compared to that generated using cw excitation. This approach enables us to investigate the ISHE in a variety of OSECs and organic-inorganic perovskites having tunable SOC ranging from strong SOC (Pt-rich polymers and perovskites), to weak SOC polymers (such as DOO-PPV, PEDOT:PSS), to C60 films, where the SOC is predominantly caused by the curvature of the molecule's surface. We acknowledge support from the National Science Foundation (DMR-1404634) and NSF-Material Science & Engineering Center (DMR-1121252).

  17. Thermal Reduced Density Matrices in Fermion and Spin Ladder Systems (United States)

    Chen, Xiao; Fradkin, Eduardo


    A recent numerical study found that the reduced density matrix of a spin 1/2 system on a two-leg ladder is the same as the spectrum of a spin 1/2 chain at a finite temperature determined by the spin gap of the ladder. We investigate this interesting result by considering two-leg ladders of free fermions and spin systems with a gapped ground state using several controlled approximations. We calculate the entanglement entropy for the cut made between the chains. In the fermionic system we find the explicit form of the reduced density matrix for one of the chains and determine the entanglement spectrum explicitly. In the case of the spin system, we consider both the strong coupling limit by using perturbation theory and weak coupling limit by using replica trick method. The calculation shows that, 1) the Von Neumann entropy equals to the thermal entropy of one chain, 2) the R'enyi entropy is equivalent to the free energy of one chain, and 3) the coupling constant (gap) plays the role of effective temperature. This result can be generalized to other coupled critical systems with a bulk gap. This work was supported in part by the NSF grant DMR-1064319 at the University of Illinois

  18. Coupled spin models for magnetic variation of planets and stars (United States)

    Nakamichi, A.; Mouri, H.; Schmitt, D.; Ferriz-Mas, A.; Wicht, J.; Morikawa, M.


    Geomagnetism is characterized by intermittent polarity reversals and rapid fluctuations. We have recently proposed a coupled macro-spin model to describe these dynamics based on the idea that the whole dynamo mechanism is described by the coherent interactions of many local elements. In this paper, we further develop this idea and construct the minimal model for magnetic variations. This simple model naturally yields many of the observed features of geomagnetism: its time evolution, the power spectrum, the frequency distribution of stable polarity periods etc. This model is characterized by two coexisting phases of spins: i.e. the cluster phase which determines the global dipole magnetic moment, and the expanded phase which gives random perpetual perturbations that yield the intermittent polarity flip of the dipole moment. This model can also describe the synchronization of the spin oscillations. This corresponds to the case of our Sun and the model well describes the quasi-regular cycles of the solar magnetism. Furthermore, by analysing the relevant terms of magnetohydrodynamic equations based on our model, we have obtained a scaling relation for the magnetism for planets, satellites and the Sun. Comparing it with various observations, we can estimate the relevant scale of the macro-spins.

  19. Theory of box-model hyperfine couplings and transport signatures of long-range nuclear-spin coherence in a quantum-dot spin valve (United States)

    Chesi, Stefano; Coish, W. A.


    We have theoretically analyzed coherent nuclear-spin dynamics induced by electron transport through a quantum-dot spin valve. The hyperfine interaction between electron and nuclear spins in a quantum dot allows for the transfer of angular momentum from spin-polarized electrons injected from ferromagnetic or half-metal leads to the nuclear spin system under a finite voltage bias. Accounting for a local nuclear-spin dephasing process prevents the system from becoming stuck in collective dark states, allowing a large nuclear polarization to be built up in the long-time limit. After reaching a steady state, reversing the voltage bias induces a transient current response as the nuclear polarization is reversed. Long-range nuclear-spin coherence leads to a strong enhancement of spin-flip transition rates (by an amount proportional to the number of nuclear spins) and is revealed by an intense current burst, analogous to superradiant light emission. The crossover to a regime with incoherent spin flips occurs on a relatively long-time scale, on the order of the single-nuclear-spin dephasing time, which can be much longer than the time scale for the superradiant current burst. This conclusion is confirmed through a general master equation. For the two limiting regimes (coherent/incoherent spin flips), the general master equation recovers our simpler treatment based on rate equations, but is also applicable at intermediate dephasing. Throughout this work, we assume uniform hyperfine couplings, which yield the strongest coherent enhancement. We propose realistic strategies, based on isotopic modulation and wave-function engineering in core-shell nanowires, to realize this analytically solvable "box-model" of hyperfine couplings.

  20. Spin-orbit corrections to the indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants in XH4 (X=C, Si, Ge, and Sn)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirpekar, Sheela; Jensen, Hans Jørgen Aagaard; Oddershede, Jens


    Using the quadratic response function at the ab initio SCF level of approximation we have calculated the relativistic corrections from the spin-orbit Hamiltonian, HSO, to the indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants of XH4 (X = C, Si, Ge, and Sn). We find that the spin-orbit contributions...... to JX-H are small, amounting only to about 1% for JSn-H. For the geminal H-H coupling constants the relativistic corrections are numerically smaller than for JH-H, but in some cases relatively larger compared to the actual magnitude of JH-H. We also investigate the use of an effective one-electron spin...

  1. Nuclear spin-spin coupling constants evaluated using many body methods (United States)

    Sekino, Hideo; Bartlett, Rodney J.


    In nuclear spin-spin coupling constant determinations, correlation corrections to the Fermi contact term are significant. In this paper we report the coupling constants calculated for the HD and HF molecules obtained by the infinite-order coupled cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) methods and MBPT(4). These are in good agreement with the experimentally estimated value for the Fermi-contact term. In addition, it is well known that the coupled perturbed Hartree-Fock (CPHF) scheme fails for multiply bonded molecules because the closed shell Hartree-Fock solution is triplet unstable. A CCSD method using ordinary nonrelaxed SCF orbitals is presented in order to circumvent this problem, and illustrated by application to the C2H4 molecule. It is shown that CCSD results based upon ordinary SCF orbitals include effectively all the effect of orbital relaxation and reproduce the experimental values for most of the coupling constants. Unlike previous results, the 3J(H-H) constant is positive in agreement with experiment.

  2. Decay of Rabi Oscillations by Dipolar-Coupled Dynamical Spin Environments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dobrovitski, V.V.; Feiguin, A.E.; Hanson, R.; Awschalom, D.D.


    We study the Rabi oscillations decay of a spin decohered by a spin bath whose internal dynamics is caused by dipolar coupling between the bath spins. The form and rate of decay as a function of the intrabath coupling is obtained analytically, and confirmed numerically. The complex form of decay

  3. Heteronuclear dipolar couplings, total spin coherence, and bilinear rotations in NMR spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garbow, J.R.


    In Chapter 1 a variety of different introductory topics are presented. The potential complexity of the nuclear magnetic resonsnace (NMR) spectra of molecules dissolved in liquid crystal solvents serves to motivate the development of multiple quantum (MQ) spectroscopy. The basics of MQ NMR are reviewed in Chapter 2. An experimental search procedure for the optimization of MQ pulse sequences is introduced. Chapter 3 discusses the application of MQ NMR techniques to the measurement of dipolar couplings in heteronuclear spin systems. The advantages of MQ methods in such systems are developed and experimental results for partially oriented (1-/sup 13/C) benzene are presented. Several pulse sequences are introduced which employ a two-step excitation of heteronuclear MQ coherence. A new multiple pulse method, involving the simultaneous irradiation of both rare and abundant spin species, is described. The problem of the broadening of MQ transitions due to magnetic field inhomogeneity is considered in Chapter 4. The method of total spin coherence transfer echo spectroscopy (TSCTES) is presented, with experimets on partially oriented acetaldehyde serving to demonstrate this new technique. TSCTES results in MQ spectra which are sensitive to all chemical shifts and spin-spin couplings and which are free of inhomogeneous broadening. In Chapter 5 the spectroscopy of spin systems of several protons and a /sup 13/C nucleus in the isotropic phase is discussed. The usefulness of the heteronuclear bilinear rotation as a calculational tool is illustrated. Compensated bilinear ..pi.. rotations, which are relatively insensitive to timing parameter missets, are presented. A new technique for homonuclear proton decoupling, Bilinear Rotation Decoupling, is described and its success in weakly coupled systems is demonstrated.

  4. Perturbative treatment of spin-orbit-coupling within spin-free exact two-component theory using equation-of-motion coupled-cluster methods (United States)

    Cheng, Lan; Wang, Fan; Stanton, John F.; Gauss, Jürgen


    A scheme is reported for the perturbative calculation of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) within the spin-free exact two-component theory in its one-electron variant (SFX2C-1e) in combination with the equation-of-motion coupled-cluster singles and doubles method. Benchmark calculations of the spin-orbit splittings in 2Π and 2P radicals show that the accurate inclusion of scalar-relativistic effects using the SFX2C-1e scheme extends the applicability of the perturbative treatment of SOC to molecules that contain heavy elements. The contributions from relaxation of the coupled-cluster amplitudes are shown to be relatively small; significant contributions from correlating the inner-core orbitals are observed in calculations involving third-row and heavier elements. The calculation of term energies for the low-lying electronic states of the PtH radical, which serves to exemplify heavy transition-metal containing systems, further demonstrates the quality that can be achieved with the pragmatic approach presented here.

  5. General formalism of local thermodynamics with an example: Quantum Otto engine with a spin-1 /2 coupled to an arbitrary spin (United States)

    Altintas, Ferdi; Müstecaplıoǧlu, Ã.-zgür E.


    We investigate a quantum heat engine with a working substance of two particles, one with a spin-1 /2 and the other with an arbitrary spin (spin s ), coupled by Heisenberg exchange interaction, and subject to an external magnetic field. The engine operates in a quantum Otto cycle. Work harvested in the cycle and its efficiency are calculated using quantum thermodynamical definitions. It is found that the engine has higher efficiencies at higher spins and can harvest work at higher exchange interaction strengths. The role of exchange coupling and spin s on the work output and the thermal efficiency is studied in detail. In addition, the engine operation is analyzed from the perspective of local work and efficiency. We develop a general formalism to explore local thermodynamics applicable to any coupled bipartite system. Our general framework allows for examination of local thermodynamics even when global parameters of the system are varied in thermodynamic cycles. The generalized definitions of local and cooperative work are introduced by using mean field Hamiltonians. The general conditions for which the global work is not equal to the sum of the local works are given in terms of the covariance of the subsystems. Our coupled spin quantum Otto engine is used as an example of the general formalism.

  6. Modulation instability of a spin-1 Bose–Einstein condensate with spin–orbit coupling (United States)

    Li, Guan-Qiang; Chen, Guang-De; Peng, Ping; Li, Zhi; Bai, Xiao-Dong


    We investigate the modulation instability (MI) of plane-wave states in a spin–orbit-coupled spin-1 Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC). The MI of the system can be adjusted by the intensities of the spin–orbit coupling (SOC), Raman coupling and atom–atom interactions. Our analysis shows that the MI of a system without the SOC and Raman coupling mainly occurs for repulsive density–density and spin–exchange interactions due to the combined effects coming from both of them. But when considering the SOC, a multi-peak structure appears in the momentum distribution for the instability, which may be thought of as a precursor to the generation of the stripe-type nonlinear excitations in such systems. The MI becomes more remarkable with increasing intensity of Raman coupling. In addition, the SOC inevitably contributes to the instability for the ternary superfluid regardless of the nature of the density–density and spin–exchange interactions.

  7. Few electron quantum dot coupling to donor implanted electron spins (United States)

    Rudolph, Martin; Harvey-Collard, Patrick; Neilson, Erik; Gamble, John; Muller, Richard; Jacobson, Toby; Ten-Eyck, Greg; Wendt, Joel; Pluym, Tammy; Lilly, Michael; Carroll, Malcolm


    Donor-based Si qubits are receiving increased interest because of recent demonstrations of high fidelity electron or nuclear spin qubits and their coupling. Quantum dot (QD) mediated interactions between donors are of interest for future coupling of two donors. We present experiment and modeling of a polysilicon/Si MOS QD, charge-sensed by a neighboring many electron QD, capable of coupling to one or two donor implanted electron spins (D) while tuned to the few electron regime. The unique design employs two neighboring gated wire FETs and self-aligned implants, which supports many configurations of implanted donors. We can access the (0,1) ⇔(1,0) transition between the D and QD, as well as the resonance condition between the few electron QD and two donors ((0,N,1) ⇔(0,N +1,0) ⇔(1,N,0)). We characterize capacitances and tunnel rate behavior combined with semi-classical and full configuration interaction simulations to study the energy landscape and kinetics of D-QD transitions. This work was performed, in part, at the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, a U.S. DOE, Office of Basic Energy Sciences user facility. The work was supported by the Sandia National Laboratories Directed Research and Development Program. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed-Martin Company, for the U. S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC04-94AL85000.

  8. Coupled spin, elastic and charge dynamics in magnetic nanostructures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamra, A.


    In this Thesis, I address the interaction of magnetic degrees of freedom with charge current and elastic dynamics in hybrid systems composed of magnetic and non-magnetic materials. The objective, invariably, is to control and study spin dynamics using charge and elastic degrees of freedom. In

  9. First example of a high-level correlated calculation of the indirect spin-spin coupling constants involving tellurium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rusakov, Yury Yu; Krivdin, Leonid B.; Østerstrøm, Freja From


    This paper documents a very first example of a high-level correlated calculation of spin-spin coupling constants involving tellurium taking into account relativistic effects, vibrational corrections and solvent effects for the medium sized organotellurium molecules. The 125Te-1H spin-spin coupling...... constants of tellurophene and divinyl telluride were calculated at the SOPPA and DFT levels in a good agreement with experiment. A new full-electron basis set av3z-J for tellurium derived from the "relativistic" Dyall's basis set, dyall.av3z, and specifically optimized for the correlated calculations...

  10. Phase transition in IrTe2 induced by spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Koley, S.


    IrTe2 has been renewed as an interesting system showing competing phenomenon between a questionable density-wave transition near 270 K followed by superconductivity with doping of high atomic number materials. Higher atomic numbers of Te and Ir supports strong spin-orbital coupling in this system. Using dynamical mean field theory with LDA band structure I have introduced Rashba spin orbit coupling in this system to get the interpretation for anomalous resistivity and related transition in this system. While no considerable changes are observed in DMFT results of Ir-5d band other than orbital selective pseudogap 'pinned' to Fermi level, Te-p band shows a van Hove singularity at the Fermi level except low temperature. Finally I discuss the implications of these results in theoretical understanding of ordering in IrTe2.

  11. On the calculations of the nuclear spin-spin coupling constants in small water clusters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cybulski, Hubert [Department of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland); Pecul, Magdalena [Department of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland); Sadlej, Joanna [Department of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland)], E-mail:


    The calculations of the nuclear spin-spin coupling constants were carried out for small water clusters (H{sub 2}O) {sub n}, n = 2-6, 12, and 17, using density functional theory (DFT) and second-order polarization propagator method (SOPPA). A wide range of different standard and modified basis sets was tested to enable the choice of the possibly smallest and most flexible basis set. The changes in the oxygen-proton coupling constants upon the cluster formation between the nuclei involved in hydrogen bonding cover a range of ca. 13 Hz. The range of the calculated changes in intramolecular {sup 1} J {sub OH} couplings shows that the simple model of rigid water clusters seems to be sufficient to reproduce properly the sign and to estimate the magnitude of the gas-to-liquid shift. The sign of the complexation-induced changes in the intramolecular {sup 2} J {sub HH} coupling constant is different for molecules with a different coordination number. While the sign is positive for the molecules of the single donor-single acceptor (DA) and single donor-double acceptor (DAA) types, it is negative for the double donor-single acceptor (DDA) molecules. In the four-coordinated double donor-double acceptor (DDAA) molecules the sign of {delta}{sup 2} J {sub HH} varies. The hydrogen-bond transmitted intermolecular coupling constants are substantial: {sup 1h} J {sub OH} spans the range from 2.8 to 8.4 Hz while {sup 2h} J {sub OO} varies from -0.6 to 7.5 Hz. The average intermolecular {sup 1h} J {sub OH} coupling constant decays slowly with the H...O distance in the cyclic clusters n = 2-6. The average {sup 2h} J {sub OO} coupling decreases exponentially with the O...O separation for the cyclic clusters n = 2-6.

  12. Spin-orbit coupling a recursion method approach

    CERN Document Server

    Huda, A U; Mookerjee, A; Paudyal, D


    Relativistic effects play a significant role in alloys of the heavier elements. The majority of earlier works on alloys had included the scalar relativistic corrections. We present here a methodology to take into account the spin-orbit coupling using the recursion method. The basis used for the representation of the Hamiltonian is the TB-LMTO, since its sparseness is an essential requirement for recursion. The recursion technique can then be extended to augmented space to deal with disordered alloys or rough surfaces.

  13. Spin-orbit coupling and anomalous Josephson effect in nanowires. (United States)

    Campagnano, G; Lucignano, P; Giuliano, D; Tagliacozzo, A


    A superconductor-semiconducting nanowire-superconductor heterostructure in the presence of spin-orbit coupling and magnetic field can support a supercurrent even in the absence of phase difference between the superconducting electrodes. We investigate this phenomenon—the anomalous Josephson effect—employing a model capable of describing many bands in the normal region. We discuss the geometrical and symmetry conditions required to have a finite anomalous supercurrent, and in particular we show that this phenomenon is enhanced when the Fermi level is located close to a band opening in the normal region.

  14. Translation-coupling systems (United States)

    Pfleger, Brian; Mendez-Perez, Daniel


    Disclosed are systems and methods for coupling translation of a target gene to a detectable response gene. A version of the invention includes a translation-coupling cassette. The translation-coupling cassette includes a target gene, a response gene, a response-gene translation control element, and a secondary structure-forming sequence that reversibly forms a secondary structure masking the response-gene translation control element. Masking of the response-gene translation control element inhibits translation of the response gene. Full translation of the target gene results in unfolding of the secondary structure and consequent translation of the response gene. Translation of the target gene is determined by detecting presence of the response-gene protein product. The invention further includes RNA transcripts of the translation-coupling cassettes, vectors comprising the translation-coupling cassettes, hosts comprising the translation-coupling cassettes, methods of using the translation-coupling cassettes, and gene products produced with the translation-coupling cassettes.

  15. Antiferromagnetic Spin Coupling between Rare Earth Adatoms and Iron Islands Probed by Spin-Polarized Tunneling (United States)

    Coffey, David; Diez-Ferrer, José Luis; Serrate, David; Ciria, Miguel; Fuente, César De La; Arnaudas, José Ignacio


    High-density magnetic storage or quantum computing could be achieved using small magnets with large magnetic anisotropy, a requirement that rare-earth iron alloys fulfill in bulk. This compelling property demands a thorough investigation of the magnetism in low dimensional rare-earth iron structures. Here, we report on the magnetic coupling between 4f single atoms and a 3d magnetic nanoisland. Thulium and lutetium adatoms deposited on iron monolayer islands pseudomorphically grown on W(110) have been investigated at low temperature with scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. The spin-polarized current indicates that both kind of adatoms have in-plane magnetic moments, which couple antiferromagnetically with their underlying iron islands. Our first-principles calculations explain the observed behavior, predicting an antiparallel coupling of the induced 5d electrons magnetic moment of the lanthanides with the 3d magnetic moment of iron, as well as their in-plane orientation, and pointing to a non-contribution of 4f electrons to the spin-polarized tunneling processes in rare earths.

  16. Enhanced Stability of Skyrmions in Two-Dimensional Chiral Magnets with Rashba Spin-Orbit Coupling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumilan Banerjee


    Full Text Available Recent developments have led to an explosion of activity on skyrmions in three-dimensional (3D chiral magnets. Experiments have directly probed these topological spin textures, revealed their nontrivial properties, and led to suggestions for novel applications. However, in 3D the skyrmion crystal phase is observed only in a narrow region of the temperature-field phase diagram. We show here, using a general analysis based on symmetry, that skyrmions are much more readily stabilized in two-dimensional (2D systems with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. This enhanced stability arises from the competition between field and easy-plane magnetic anisotropy and results in a nontrivial structure in the topological charge density in the core of the skyrmions. We further show that, in a variety of microscopic models for magnetic exchange, the required easy-plane anisotropy naturally arises from the same spin-orbit coupling that is responsible for the chiral Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions. Our results are of particular interest for 2D materials like thin films, surfaces, and oxide interfaces, where broken surface-inversion symmetry and Rashba spin-orbit coupling naturally lead to chiral exchange and easy-plane compass anisotropy. Our theory gives a clear direction for experimental studies of 2D magnetic materials to stabilize skyrmions over a large range of magnetic fields down to T=0.

  17. Proximity effect in ballistic superconductor-ferromagnet structures with spin-orbit coupling


    Simensen, Haakon Thømt


    The Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations have been solved numerically for a number of two-dimensional ballistic proximity structures comprised of superconductors, normal metals and ferromagnets, with both interfacial and in-plane spin-orbit coupling. These results have been compared to results obtained for similar structures in the absence of spin-orbit coupling. The results show that spin-orbit coupling in general enhances superconductivity in ferromagnet-superconductor-structures, and causes the ...

  18. A new effective-one-body Hamiltonian with next-to-leading order spin-spin coupling

    CERN Document Server

    Balmelli, Simone


    We present a new effective-one-body (EOB) Hamiltonian with next-to-leading order (NLO) spin-spin coupling for black hole binaries endowed with arbitrarily oriented spins. The Hamiltonian is based on the model for parallel spins and equatorial orbits developed in [Physical Review D 90, 044018 (2014)], but differs from it in several ways. In particular, the NLO spin-spin coupling is not incorporated by a redefinition of the centrifugal radius $r_c$, but by separately modifying certain sectors of the Hamiltonian, which are identified according to their dependence on the momentum vector. The gauge-fixing procedure we follow allows us to reduce the 25 different terms of the NLO spin-spin Hamiltonian in Arnowitt-Deser-Misner coordinates to only 9 EOB terms. This is an improvement with respect to the EOB model recently proposed in [Physical Review D 91, 064011 (2015)], where 12 EOB terms were involved. Another important advantage is the remarkably simple momentum structure of the spin-spin terms in the effective Ham...

  19. Generalized spin Sutherland systems revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Fehér


    Full Text Available We present generalizations of the spin Sutherland systems obtained earlier by Blom and Langmann and by Polychronakos in two different ways: from SU(n Yang–Mills theory on the cylinder and by constraining geodesic motion on the N-fold direct product of SU(n with itself, for any N>1. Our systems are in correspondence with the Dynkin diagram automorphisms of arbitrary connected and simply connected compact simple Lie groups. We give a finite-dimensional as well as an infinite-dimensional derivation and shed light on the mechanism whereby they lead to the same classical integrable systems. The infinite-dimensional approach, based on twisted current algebras (alias Yang–Mills with twisted boundary conditions, was inspired by the derivation of the spinless Sutherland model due to Gorsky and Nekrasov. The finite-dimensional method relies on Hamiltonian reduction under twisted conjugations of N-fold direct product groups, linking the quantum mechanics of the reduced systems to representation theory similarly as was explored previously in the N=1 case.

  20. Gyroscopes orbiting black holes: A frequency-domain approach to precession and spin-curvature coupling for spinning bodies on generic Kerr orbits

    CERN Document Server

    Ruangsri, Uchupol; Hughes, Scott A


    A small body orbiting a black hole follows a trajectory that, at leading order, is a geodesic of the black hole spacetime. Much effort has gone into computing "self force" corrections to this motion, arising from the small body's own contributions to the system's spacetime. Another correction to the motion arises from coupling of the small body's spin to the black hole's spacetime curvature. Spin-curvature coupling drives a precession of the small body, and introduces a "force" (relative to the geodesic) which shifts the small body's worldline. These effects scale with the small body's spin at leading order. If the smaller body is itself a black hole, this means spin-curvature effects scale as the small body's mass squared, the same mass scaling as the self force. In this paper, we show that the equations which govern spin-curvature coupling can be analyzed with a frequency-domain decomposition, at least to leading order in the small body's spin. We show how to compute the frequency of precession along generi...

  1. Quantum transport in Weyl semimetal thin films in the presence of spin-orbit coupled impurities (United States)

    Liu, Weizhe Edward; Hankiewicz, Ewelina M.; Culcer, Dimitrie


    Topological semimetals have been at the forefront of experimental and theoretical attention in condensed-matter physics. Among these, recently discovered Weyl semimetals have a dispersion described by a three-dimensional Dirac cone, which is at the root of exotic physics such as the chiral anomaly in magnetotransport. In a time-reversal symmetric (TRS) Weyl semimetal film, the confinement gap gives the quasiparticles a mass, while TRS is preserved by having an even number of valleys with opposite masses. The film can be tuned through a topological phase transition by a gate electric field. In this work, we present a theoretical study of the quantum corrections to the conductivity of a topological semimetal thin film, which is governed by the complex interplay of the chiral band structure, mass term, and scalar and spin-orbit scattering. We study scalar and spin-orbit scattering mechanisms on the same footing, demonstrating that they have a strong qualitative and quantitative impact on the conductivity correction. We show that, due to the spin structure of the matrix Green's functions, terms linear in the extrinsic spin-orbit scattering are present in the Bloch and momentum relaxation times, whereas previous works had identified corrections starting from the second order. In the limit of small quasiparticle mass, the terms linear in the impurity spin-orbit coupling lead to a potentially observable density dependence in the weak antilocalization correction. Moreover, when the mass term is around 30% of the linear Dirac terms, the system is in the unitary symmetry class with zero quantum correction, and switching the extrinsic spin-orbit scattering drives the system to the weak antilocalization. We discuss the crossover between the weak localization and weak antilocalization regimes in terms of the singlet and triplet Cooperon channels, and analyze this transition as a function of the mass and spin-orbit scattering strength. Experimental schemes to detect this

  2. Hybrid Circuit Quantum Electrodynamics: Coupling a Single Silicon Spin Qubit to a Photon (United States)


    corporation; or convey any rights or permission to manufacture, use, or sell any patented invention that may relate to them. This report is the result of...consisting of a 1D chain of exchange coupled spins. The idea here is to perform unitary operations on one spin in the chain (which could be one spin in a

  3. Charge and spin current statistics of the open Hubbard model with weak coupling to the environment. (United States)

    Buča, Berislav; Prosen, Tomaž


    Based on generalization and extension of our previous work [Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 067201 (2014)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.112.067201] to multiple independent Markovian baths we will compute the charge and spin current statistics of the open Hubbard model with weak system-bath coupling up to next-to-leading order in the coupling parameter. Only the next-to-leading and higher orders depend on the Hubbard interaction parameter. The physical results are related to those for the XXZ model in the analogous setup implying a certain universality, which potentially holds in this class of nonequilibrium models.

  4. Topological Fulde-Ferrell superfluid in spin-orbit-coupled atomic Fermi gases (United States)

    Liu, Xia-Ji; Hu, Hui


    We theoretically predict a topological matter—topological inhomogeneous Fulde-Ferrell superfluid—in one-dimensional atomic Fermi gases with equal Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling near s-wave Feshbach resonances. The realization of such a spin-orbit-coupled Fermi system has already been demonstrated recently by using a two-photon Raman process and the extra one-dimensional confinement is easy to achieve using a tight two-dimensional optical lattice. The topological Fulde-Ferrell superfluid phase is characterized by a nonzero center-of-mass momentum and a nontrivial Berry phase. By tuning the Rabi frequency and the detuning of Raman laser beams, we show that such an exotic topological phase occupies a significant part of parameter space and therefore it could be easily observed experimentally, by using, for example, momentum-resolved and spatially resolved radio-frequency spectroscopy.

  5. Thermal conductivity of local moment models with strong spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Stamokostas, Georgios L.; Lapas, Panteleimon E.; Fiete, Gregory A.


    We study the magnetic and lattice contributions to the thermal conductivity of electrically insulating strongly spin-orbit coupled magnetically ordered phases on a two-dimensional honeycomb lattice using the Kitaev-Heisenberg model. Depending on model parameters, such as the relative strength of the spin-orbit induced anisotropic coupling, a number of magnetically ordered phases are possible. In this work, we study two distinct regimes of thermal transport depending on whether the characteristic energy of the phonons or the magnons dominates, and focus on two different relaxation mechanisms, boundary scattering and magnon-phonon scattering. For spatially anisotropic magnetic phases, the thermal conductivity tensor can be highly anisotropic when the magnetic energy scale dominates, since the magnetic degrees of freedom dominate the thermal transport for temperatures well below the magnetic transition temperature. In the opposite limit in which the phonon energy scale dominates, the thermal conductivity will be nearly isotropic, reflecting the isotropic (at low temperatures) phonon dispersion assumed for the honeycomb lattice. We further discuss the extent to which thermal transport properties are influenced by strong spin-orbit induced anisotropic coupling in the local moment regime of insulating magnetic phases. The developed methodology can be applied to any 2D magnon-phonon system, and more importantly to systems where an analytical Bogoliubov transformation cannot be found and magnon bands are not necessarily isotropic.

  6. Dynamic scaling in the two-dimensional Ising spin glass with normal-distributed couplings (United States)

    Xu, Na; Wu, Kai-Hsin; Rubin, Shanon J.; Kao, Ying-Jer; Sandvik, Anders W.


    We carry out simulated annealing and employ a generalized Kibble-Zurek scaling hypothesis to study the two-dimensional Ising spin glass with normal-distributed couplings. The system has an equilibrium glass transition at temperature T =0 . From a scaling analysis when T →0 at different annealing velocities v , we find power-law scaling in the system size for the velocity required in order to relax toward the ground state, v ˜L-(z +1 /ν ) , the Kibble-Zurek ansatz where z is the dynamic critical exponent and ν the previously known correlation-length exponent, ν ≈3.6 . We find z ≈13.6 for both the Edwards-Anderson spin-glass order parameter and the excess energy. This is different from a previous study of the system with bimodal couplings [Rubin et al., Phys. Rev. E 95, 052133 (2017), 10.1103/PhysRevE.95.052133] where the dynamics is faster (z is smaller) and the above two quantities relax with different dynamic exponents (with that of the energy being larger). We argue that the different behaviors arise as a consequence of the different low-energy landscapes: for normal-distributed couplings the ground state is unique (up to a spin reflection), while the system with bimodal couplings is massively degenerate. Our results reinforce the conclusion of anomalous entropy-driven relaxation behavior in the bimodal Ising glass. In the case of a continuous coupling distribution, our results presented here also indicate that, although Kibble-Zurek scaling holds, the perturbative behavior normally applying in the slow limit breaks down, likely due to quasidegenerate states, and the scaling function takes a different form.

  7. Effective lattice model for the collective modes in a Fermi liquid with spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Kumar, Abhishek; Maslov, Dmitrii L.


    A Fermi liquid (FL) with spin-orbit coupling (SOC) supports a special type of collective modes—chiral spin waves—which are oscillations of magnetization that occur even in the absence of the external magnetic field. We study the chiral spin waves of a two-dimensional FL in the presence of both the Rashba and Dresselhaus types of SOC and also subject to the in-plane magnetic field. We map the system of coupled kinetic equations for the angular harmonics of the occupation number onto an effective one-dimensional tight-binding model, in which the lattice sites correspond to angular-momentum channels. Linear-in-momentum SOC ensures that the effective tight-binding model has only nearest-neighbor hopping on a bipartite lattice. In this language, the continuum of spin-flip particle-hole excitations becomes a conduction band of the lattice model, whereas electron-electron interaction, parametrized by harmonics of the Landau function, is mapped onto lattice defects of both on-site and bond type. The collective modes correspond to bound states formed by such defects. All the features of the collective-mode spectrum receive natural explanation in the lattice picture as resulting from the competition between on-site and bond defects.

  8. Perturbative treatment of spin-orbit coupling within spin-free exact two-component theory. (United States)

    Cheng, Lan; Gauss, Jürgen


    This work deals with the perturbative treatment of spin-orbit-coupling (SOC) effects within the spin-free exact two-component theory in its one-electron variant (SFX2C-1e). We investigate two schemes for constructing the SFX2C-1e SOC matrix: the SFX2C-1e+SOC [der] scheme defines the SOC matrix elements based on SFX2C-1e analytic-derivative theory, hereby treating the SOC integrals as the perturbation; the SFX2C-1e+SOC [fd] scheme takes the difference between the X2C-1e and SFX2C-1e Hamiltonian matrices as the SOC perturbation. Furthermore, a mean-field approach in the SFX2C-1e framework is formulated and implemented to efficiently include two-electron SOC effects. Systematic approximations to the two-electron SOC integrals are also proposed and carefully assessed. Based on benchmark calculations of the second-order SOC corrections to the energies and electrical properties for a set of diatomic molecules, we show that the SFX2C-1e+SOC [der] scheme performs very well in the computation of perturbative SOC corrections and that the "2eSL" scheme, which neglects the (SS|SS)-type two-electron SOC integrals, is both efficient and accurate. In contrast, the SFX2C-1e+SOC [fd] scheme turns out to be incompatible with a perturbative treatment of SOC effects. Finally, as a first chemical application, we report high-accuracy calculations of the (201)Hg quadrupole-coupling parameters of the recently characterized ethylmercury hydride (HHgCH2CH3) molecule based on SFX2C-1e coupled-cluster calculations augmented with second-order SOC corrections obtained at the Hartree-Fock level using the SFX2C-1e+SOC [der]/2eSL scheme.

  9. A Green's-Function Approach to Exchange Spin Coupling As a New Tool for Quantum Chemistry. (United States)

    Steenbock, Torben; Tasche, Jos; Lichtenstein, Alexander I; Herrmann, Carmen


    Exchange spin coupling is usually evaluated in quantum chemistry from the energy difference between a high-spin determinant and a Broken-Symmetry (BS) determinant in combination with Kohn-Sham density functional theory (KS-DFT), based on the work of Noodleman. As an alternative, an efficient approximate approach relying on Green's functions has been developed by one of the authors. This approach stems from solid-state physics and has never been systematically tested for molecular systems. We rederive a version of the Green's-function approach originally suggested by Han, Ozaki, and Yu. This new derivation employs local projection operators as common in quantum chemistry for defining local properties such as partial charges, rather than using a dual basis as in the Han-Ozaki-Yu approach. The result is a simple postprocessing procedure for KS-DFT calculations, which in contrast to the BS energy-difference approach requires the electronic structure of only one spin state. We show for several representative small molecules, diradicals, and dinuclear transition metal complexes that this method gives qualitatively consistent results with the BS energy-difference approach as long as it is applied to high-spin determinants and as long as structural relaxation effects in different spin states do not play an important role.

  10. Coherent control of spin-orbit-coupled atom in a double-well potential (United States)

    Wang, Wen-Yuan; Dou, Fu-Quan; Duan, Wen-Shan


    We study coherent control of a spin-orbit-coupled single atom in a double-well potential. The manipulation is achieved by applying an additional periodic driven magnetic field gradient to generate the spin-dependent force. Therefore, the strength of the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) can be continuously tuned by adjusting the driving amplitude. The atom may occupy two possible spin states which are coupled by varying fields. We show that the SOC allows controlling the interwell tunneling of the atom with or without spin-flipping and may lead to complete suppression of the tunneling at specific values of the coupling strength. By selecting the driving parameters, we propose a switchlike scheme for controlling the interwell tunneling and spin-flipping of the atom in a double-well potential.

  11. Crossover between spin swapping and Hall effect in disordered systems

    KAUST Repository

    Saidaoui, Hamed Ben Mohamed


    We theoretically study the crossover between spin Hall effect and spin swapping, a recently predicted phenomenon that consists of the interchange between the current flow and its spin polarization directions [M. B. Lifshits and M. I. Dyakonov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 186601 (2009)]. Using a tight-binding model with spin-orbit coupled disorder, spin Hall effect, spin relaxation, and spin swapping are treated on equal footing. We demonstrate that spin swapping and spin Hall effect present very different dependencies as a function of the spin-orbit coupling and disorder strengths and confirm that the former exceeds the latter in the parameter range considered. Three setups are proposed for the experimental observation of the spin swapping effect.

  12. Study of spin-polaron formation in 1D systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arredondo, Y.; Navarro, O. [Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 70-360, 04510 México D.F. (Mexico); Vallejo, E. [Facultad de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica, Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila, Carretera Torreón-Matamoros Km. 7.5 Ciudad Universitaria, 27276 Torreón, Coahuila (Mexico)


    We study numerically the formation of spin-polarons in low-dimensional systems. We consider a ferromagnetic Kondo lattice model with Hund coupling J{sub H} and localized spins interacting antiferromagnetically with coupling constant J. We investigate the ground state phase diagram as a function of the exchange couplings J{sub H} and J and as a function of the band filling, since it has been observed that doping either on the ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic regime lead to formation of magnetic domains [1]. We explore the quasi-particle formation and phase separation using the density-matrix renormalization group method, which is a highly efficient method to investigate quasi-one-dimensional strongly correlated systems.

  13. Tunable ground-state solitons in spin-orbit coupling Bose-Einstein condensates in the presence of optical lattices (United States)

    Zhang, Huafeng; Chen, Fang; Yu, Chunchao; Sun, Lihui; Xu, Dahai


    Not Available Properties of the ground-state solitons, which exist in the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) in the presence of optical lattices, are presented. Results show that several system parameters, such as SOC strength, lattice depth, and lattice frequency, have important influences on properties of ground state solitons in SOC BEC. By controlling these parameters, structure and spin polarization of the ground-state solitons can be effectively tuned, so manipulation of atoms may be realized.

  14. Versatile microwave-driven trapped ion spin system for quantum information processing. (United States)

    Piltz, Christian; Sriarunothai, Theeraphot; Ivanov, Svetoslav S; Wölk, Sabine; Wunderlich, Christof


    Using trapped atomic ions, we demonstrate a tailored and versatile effective spin system suitable for quantum simulations and universal quantum computation. By simply applying microwave pulses, selected spins can be decoupled from the remaining system and, thus, can serve as a quantum memory, while simultaneously, other coupled spins perform conditional quantum dynamics. Also, microwave pulses can change the sign of spin-spin couplings, as well as their effective strength, even during the course of a quantum algorithm. Taking advantage of the simultaneous long-range coupling between three spins, a coherent quantum Fourier transform-an essential building block for many quantum algorithms-is efficiently realized. This approach, which is based on microwave-driven trapped ions and is complementary to laser-based methods, opens a new route to overcoming technical and physical challenges in the quest for a quantum simulator and a quantum computer.

  15. Higher-order spin and charge dynamics in a quantum dot-lead hybrid system. (United States)

    Otsuka, Tomohiro; Nakajima, Takashi; Delbecq, Matthieu R; Amaha, Shinichi; Yoneda, Jun; Takeda, Kenta; Allison, Giles; Stano, Peter; Noiri, Akito; Ito, Takumi; Loss, Daniel; Ludwig, Arne; Wieck, Andreas D; Tarucha, Seigo


    Understanding the dynamics of open quantum systems is important and challenging in basic physics and applications for quantum devices and quantum computing. Semiconductor quantum dots offer a good platform to explore the physics of open quantum systems because we can tune parameters including the coupling to the environment or leads. Here, we apply the fast single-shot measurement techniques from spin qubit experiments to explore the spin and charge dynamics due to tunnel coupling to a lead in a quantum dot-lead hybrid system. We experimentally observe both spin and charge time evolution via first- and second-order tunneling processes, and reveal the dynamics of the spin-flip through the intermediate state. These results enable and stimulate the exploration of spin dynamics in dot-lead hybrid systems, and may offer useful resources for spin manipulation and simulation of open quantum systems.

  16. Effect of Rashba and Dresselhaus Spin-Orbit Couplings on Electron Spin Polarization in a Hybrid Magnetic-Electric Barrier Nanostructure (United States)

    Yang, Shi-Peng; Lu, Mao-Wang; Huang, Xin-Hong; Tang, Qiang; Zhou, Yong-Long


    A theoretical study has been carried out on the spin-dependent electron transport in a hybrid magnetic-electric barrier nanostructure with both Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit couplings, which can be experimentally realized by depositing a ferromagnetic strip and a Schottky metal strip on top of a semiconductor heterostructure. The spin-orbit coupling-dependent transmission coefficient, conductance, and spin polarization are calculated by solving the Schrödinger equation exactly with the help of the transfer-matrix method. We find that both the magnitude and sign of the electron spin polarization vary strongly with the spin-orbit coupling strength. Thus, the degree of electron spin polarization can be manipulated by properly adjusting the spin-orbit coupling strength, and such a nanosystem can be employed as a controllable spin filter for spintronics applications.

  17. Solitons in Bose-Einstein Condensates with Helicoidal Spin-Orbit Coupling (United States)

    Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Konotop, Vladimir V.


    We report on the existence and stability of freely moving solitons in a spatially inhomogeneous Bose-Einstein condensate with helicoidal spin-orbit (SO) coupling. In spite of the periodically varying parameters, the system allows for the existence of stable propagating solitons. Such states are found in the rotating frame, where the helicoidal SO coupling is reduced to a homogeneous one. In the absence of the Zeeman splitting, the coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations describing localized states feature many properties of the integrable systems. In particular, four-parametric families of solitons can be obtained in the exact form. Such solitons interact elastically. Zeeman splitting still allows for the existence of two families of moving solitons, but makes collisions of solitons inelastic.

  18. Measurement back action and spin noise spectroscopy in a charged cavity QED device in the strong coupling regime (United States)

    Smirnov, D. S.; Reznychenko, B.; Auffèves, A.; Lanco, L.


    We study theoretically the spin-induced and photon-induced fluctuations of optical signals from a singly-charged quantum dot-microcavity structure. We identify the respective contributions of the photon-polariton interactions, in the strong light-matter coupling regime, and of the quantum back action induced by photon detection on the spin system. Strong spin projection by a single photon is shown to be achievable, allowing the initialization and measurement of a fully-polarized Larmor precession. The spectrum of second-order correlations is deduced, displaying information on both spin and quantum dot-cavity dynamics. The presented theory thus bridges the gap between the fields of spin noise spectroscopy and quantum optics.

  19. Filling constraints for spin-orbit coupled insulators in symmorphic and nonsymmorphic crystals. (United States)

    Watanabe, Haruki; Po, Hoi Chun; Vishwanath, Ashvin; Zaletel, Michael


    We determine conditions on the filling of electrons in a crystalline lattice to obtain the equivalent of a band insulator--a gapped insulator with neither symmetry breaking nor fractionalized excitations. We allow for strong interactions, which precludes a free particle description. Previous approaches that extend the Lieb-Schultz-Mattis argument invoked spin conservation in an essential way and cannot be applied to the physically interesting case of spin-orbit coupled systems. Here we introduce two approaches: The first one is an entanglement-based scheme, and the second one studies the system on an appropriate flat "Bieberbach" manifold to obtain the filling conditions for all 230 space groups. These approaches assume only time reversal rather than spin rotation invariance. The results depend crucially on whether the crystal symmetry is symmorphic. Our results clarify when one may infer the existence of an exotic ground state based on the absence of order, and we point out applications to experimentally realized materials. Extensions to new situations involving purely spin models are also mentioned.

  20. Exact Hamiltonians with Rashba and cubic Dresselhaus spin-orbit couplings on a curved surface (United States)

    Chang, Jian-Yuan; Wu, Jhih-Sheng; Chang, Ching-Ray


    The exact Hamiltonians for Rashba and cubic Dresselhaus spin-orbit couplings on a curved surface with an arbitrary shape are rigorously derived. Two orthogonal principal curvatures dominate the electronic spin transport, and the asymptotic behavior of the normal confined potential on a curved surface is insignificant. For a curved surface with a large curvature, the higher order momentum terms play an important role in controlling spin transport. The Rashba spin-orbit coupling on a curved surface only induces the extra pseudopotential term, and the cubic Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling on a curved surface can induce the extra pseudokinetic and pseudomomentum terms. Because of the extra curvature-induced terms and the associated pseudomagnetic fields, spin transport on a curved surface is very different from that on a flat surface. The Hamiltonians on both cylindrical and spherical surfaces are explicitly derived here, and the associated physical properties of electrons are studied in detail.

  1. Temperature dependence of persistent spin currents in a spin-orbit-coupled electron gas: A density-matrix approach (United States)

    Bencheikh, K.; Vignale, G.


    We present a simple analytical method, based on the canonical density matrix, for the calculation of the equilibrium spin current as a function of temperature in a two-dimensional electron gas with both Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling terms. We find that the persistent spin current is extremely robust against thermal disorder: its variation with temperature is exponentially small (∝e-TF/T) at temperatures much smaller than the Fermi temperature TF and changes to a power law TF/T for T≫TF .

  2. Bang-bang control of a qubit coupled to a quantum critical spin bath (United States)

    Rossini, D.; Facchi, P.; Fazio, R.; Florio, G.; Lidar, D. A.; Pascazio, S.; Plastina, F.; Zanardi, P.


    We analytically and numerically study the effects of pulsed control on the decoherence of a qubit coupled to a quantum spin bath. When the environment is critical, decoherence is faster and we show that the control is relatively more effective. Two coupling models are investigated, namely, a qubit coupled to a bath via a single link and a spin-star model, yielding results that are similar and consistent.

  3. Spin-Orbit Coupling, Antilocalization, and Parallel Magnetic Fields in Quantum Dots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zumbuhl, D.; Miller, Jessica; M. Marcus, C.


    We investigate antilocalization due to spin-orbit coupling in ballistic GaAs quantum dots. Antilocalization that is prominent in large dots is suppressed in small dots, as anticipated theoretically. Parallel magnetic fields suppress both antilocalization and also, at larger fields, weak...... localization, consistent with random matrix theory results once orbital coupling of the parallel field is included. In situ control of spin-orbit coupling in dots is demonstrated as a gate-controlled crossover from weak localization to antilocalization....

  4. Spin-Motion Coupling in Cold Atomic Gases (United States)

    Koller, A. P.

    The interplay between spin and motional degrees of freedom in interacting electron systems has been a long-standing research topic in condensed matter physics. Interactions can modify the behavior of individual electrons and give rise to emergent collective phenomena such as superconductivity and colossal magnetoresistance. Theoretical understanding of non-equilibrium dynamics in interacting fermionic matter is limited, however, and many open questions remain. Ultracold atomic Fermi gases, with precisely controllable parameters, offer an outstanding opportunity to investigate the emergence of collective behavior in out-of-equilibrium settings. In this thesis we will describe how an optical lattice clock operated with neutral Fermionic atoms can be turned into a quantum simulator of charged particles in a strong magnetic field. We will then discuss the counterintuitive notion that weak interactions in a Fermi gas can lead to large scale collective behavior and global correlations. These ideas are being tested experimentally at JILA and the University of Toronto. We also investigate in detail the so-called spin model approximation which is used extensively throughout this thesis.

  5. Experimental investigation of spin-orbit coupling in n-type PbTe quantum wells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peres, M. L.; Monteiro, H. S.; Castro, S. de [Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Federal University of Itajubá, PB 50, 37500-903 Itajubá, MG (Brazil); Chitta, V. A.; Oliveira, N. F. [Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo, PB 66318, 05315-970 São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Mengui, U. A.; Rappl, P. H. O.; Abramof, E. [Laboratório Associado de Sensores e Materiais, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, PB 515, 12201-970 São José dos Campos, SP (Brazil); Maude, D. K. [Grenoble High Magnetic Field Laboratory, CNRS, BP 166, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)


    The spin-orbit coupling is studied experimentally in two PbTe quantum wells by means of weak antilocalization effect. Using the Hikami-Larkin-Nagaoka model through a computational global optimization procedure, we extracted the spin-orbit and inelastic scattering times and estimated the strength of the zero field spin-splitting energy Δ{sub so}. The values of Δ{sub so} are linearly dependent on the Fermi wave vector (k{sub F}) confirming theoretical predictions of the existence of large spin-orbit coupling in IV-VI quantum wells originated from pure Rashba effect.

  6. Spinning particles coupled to gravity and the validity of the universality of free fall (United States)

    Hojman, Sergio A.; Asenjo, Felipe A.


    Recent experimental work has determined that free falling 87Rb atoms on Earth, with vertically aligned spins, follow geodesics, thus apparently ruling out spin-gravitation interactions. It is showed that while some spinning matter models coupled to gravitation referenced to in that work seem to be ruled out by the experiment, those same experimental results confirm theoretical results derived from a Lagrangian description of spinning particles coupled to gravity constructed over forty years ago. A proposal to carry out (similar but) different experiments which will help to test the validity of the universality of free fall as opposed to the correctness of the aforementioned Lagrangian theory, is presented.

  7. Plasmon decay and thermal transport from spin-charge coupling in generic Luttinger liquids. (United States)

    Levchenko, Alex


    We discuss the violation of spin-charge separation in generic nonlinear Luttinger liquids and investigate its effect on the relaxation and thermal transport of genuine spin-1/2 electron liquids in ballistic quantum wires. We identify basic scattering processes compatible with the symmetry of the problem and conservation laws that lead to the decay of plasmons into the spin modes. We derive a closed set of coupled kinetic equations for the spin-charge excitations and solve the problem of thermal conductance of interacting electrons for an arbitrary relation between the quantum wire length and spin-charge thermalization length.

  8. Ultracold Atoms in a Square Lattice with Spin-Orbit Coupling: Charge Order, Superfluidity, and Topological Signatures (United States)

    Rosenberg, Peter; Shi, Hao; Zhang, Shiwei


    We present an ab initio, numerically exact study of attractive fermions in square lattices with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. The ground state of this system is a supersolid, with coexisting charge and superfluid order. The superfluid is composed of both singlet and triplet pairs induced by spin-orbit coupling. We perform large-scale calculations using the auxiliary-field quantum Monte Carlo method to provide the first full, quantitative description of the charge, spin, and pairing properties of the system. In addition to characterizing the exotic physics, our results will serve as essential high-accuracy benchmarks for the intense theoretical and especially experimental efforts in ultracold atoms to realize and understand an expanding variety of quantum Hall and topological superconductor systems.

  9. Spin-orbit coupling, electron transport and pairing instabilities in two-dimensional square structures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kocharian, Armen N. [Department of Physics, California State University, Los Angeles, CA 90032 (United States); Fernando, Gayanath W.; Fang, Kun [Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 (United States); Palandage, Kalum [Department of Physics, Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut 06106 (United States); Balatsky, Alexander V. [AlbaNova University Center Nordita, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)


    Rashba spin-orbit effects and electron correlations in the two-dimensional cylindrical lattices of square geometries are assessed using mesoscopic two-, three- and four-leg ladder structures. Here the electron transport properties are systematically calculated by including the spin-orbit coupling in tight binding and Hubbard models threaded by a magnetic flux. These results highlight important aspects of possible symmetry breaking mechanisms in square ladder geometries driven by the combined effect of a magnetic gauge field spin-orbit interaction and temperature. The observed persistent current, spin and charge polarizations in the presence of spin-orbit coupling are driven by separation of electron and hole charges and opposite spins in real-space. The modeled spin-flip processes on the pairing mechanism induced by the spin-orbit coupling in assembled nanostructures (as arrays of clusters) engineered in various two-dimensional multi-leg structures provide an ideal playground for understanding spatial charge and spin density inhomogeneities leading to electron pairing and spontaneous phase separation instabilities in unconventional superconductors. Such studies also fall under the scope of current challenging problems in superconductivity and magnetism, topological insulators and spin dependent transport associated with numerous interfaces and heterostructures.

  10. Spin-orbit coupling, electron transport and pairing instabilities in two-dimensional square structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armen N. Kocharian


    Full Text Available Rashba spin-orbit effects and electron correlations in the two-dimensional cylindrical lattices of square geometries are assessed using mesoscopic two-, three- and four-leg ladder structures. Here the electron transport properties are systematically calculated by including the spin-orbit coupling in tight binding and Hubbard models threaded by a magnetic flux. These results highlight important aspects of possible symmetry breaking mechanisms in square ladder geometries driven by the combined effect of a magnetic gauge field spin-orbit interaction and temperature. The observed persistent current, spin and charge polarizations in the presence of spin-orbit coupling are driven by separation of electron and hole charges and opposite spins in real-space. The modeled spin-flip processes on the pairing mechanism induced by the spin-orbit coupling in assembled nanostructures (as arrays of clusters engineered in various two-dimensional multi-leg structures provide an ideal playground for understanding spatial charge and spin density inhomogeneities leading to electron pairing and spontaneous phase separation instabilities in unconventional superconductors. Such studies also fall under the scope of current challenging problems in superconductivity and magnetism, topological insulators and spin dependent transport associated with numerous interfaces and heterostructures.

  11. Chaos And Quantum-classical Correspondence For Two- Coupled Spins

    CERN Document Server

    Emerson, J V


    Two approaches to quantum-classical correspondence are distinguished according to the classical dynamical theory with which quantum theory is compared. The first of these, Ehrenfest correspondence, defines a dynamical regime in which the quantum expectation values follow approximately a classical trajectory. The second of these, Liouville correspondence, applies when the quantum probability distributions remain well approximated by a density in the classical phase space. The former applies only for narrow states, whereas the latter may remain valid even for quantum states that have spread to the system size. A spin model is adopted for this correspondence study because the quantum state is discrete and finite- dimensional, and thus no artificial truncation of the Hilbert space is required. The quantum time-evolution is given by a discrete unitary mapping. The corresponding classical model is volume-preserving (non-dissipative) and the time-evolution is given by a symplectic map. In classically chaotic regimes...

  12. Spin-wave resonance frequency in ferromagnetic thin film with interlayer exchange coupling and surface anisotropy (United States)

    Zhang, Shuhui; Rong, Jianhong; Wang, Huan; Wang, Dong; Zhang, Lei


    We have investigated the dependence of spin-wave resonance(SWR) frequency on the surface anisotropy, the interlayer exchange coupling, the ferromagnetic layer thickness, the mode number and the external magnetic field in a ferromagnetic superlattice film by means of the linear spin-wave approximation and Green's function technique. The SWR frequency of the ferromagnetic thin film is shifted to higher values corresponding to those of above factors, respectively. It is found that the linear behavior of SWR frequency curves of all modes in the system is observed as the external magnetic field is increasing, however, SWR frequency curves are nonlinear with the lower and the higher modes for different surface anisotropy and interlayer exchange coupling in the system. In addition, the SWR frequency of the lowest (highest) mode is shifted to higher (lower) values when the film thickness is thinner. The interlayer exchange coupling is more important for the energetically higher modes than for the energetically lower modes. The surface anisotropy has a little effect on the SWR frequency of the highest mode, when the surface anisotropy field is further increased.

  13. Spin and Valley Physics in Two Dimensional Systems: Graphene and Superconducting Transition Metal Dichalcogenides (United States)

    Sosenko, Evan Boyd

    Recent focus on two dimensional materials and spin-coupled phenomena holds future potential for fast, efficient, flexible, and transparent devices. The fundamental operation of a spintronic device depends on the injection, transmission, and detection of spins in a conducting channel. Long spin lifetimes during transit are critical for realizing this technology. An attractive platform for this purpose is graphene, which has high mobilities and low spin-orbit coupling. Unfortunately, measured spin lifetimes are orders of magnitude smaller than theoretically expected. A source of spin loss is the resistance mismatch between the ferromagnetic electrodes and graphene. While this has been studied numerically, here we provide a closed form expression for Hanle spin precession which is the standard method of measuring spin lifetimes. This allows for a detailed characterization of the nonlocal spin valve device. Strong spin-orbit interaction has the potential to engender unconventional superconducting states. A cousin to graphene, two dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides entwine interaction, spin-orbit coupling, and topology. The noninteracting electronic states have multiple valleys in the energy dispersion and are topologically nontrivial. We report on the possible superconducting states of hole-doped systems, and analyze to what extent the correlated phase inherits the topological aspects of the parent crystal. We find that local attractive interactions or proximal coupling to s-wave superconductors lead to a pairing which is an equal mixture of a spin singlet and the m = 0 spin triplet. Its topology allows quasiparticle excitations of net nonzero Berry curvature via pair-breaking by circularly polarized light. The valley contrasting optical response, where oppositely circularly polarized light couples to different valleys, is present even in the superconducting state, though with smaller magnitude.

  14. Three-component topological superfluid in one-dimensional Fermi gases with spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Chen, Jie; Hu, Hui; Xianlong, Gao


    We theoretically investigate one-dimensional three-component spin-orbit-coupled Fermi gases in the presence of the Zeeman field. By solving the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations, we obtain the phase diagram at a given chemical potential and order parameter. We show that, with increasing the intensity of the Zeeman field, in addition to undergoing a phase transition from Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) superfluid to topological superfluid, similar to the two-component system, the three-component system may exhibit some other interesting topological phase transitions. For example, by appropriately adjusting the chemical potential μ, the system can be in a nontrivial topological superfluid in the whole region of the Zeeman field h. It also may initially be a topological superfluid and then translate to a topologically trivial BCS superfluid with increasing the field h. Even more exotically, the system may exhibit a re-entrance behavior, being a topological superfluid at small and large fields but a topologically trivial BCS superfluid in between at a mediate Zeeman field. It can therefore have two regions with zero-energy Majorana fermions. As a consequence of these interesting topological phase transitions, the system of the three-component spin-orbit-coupled Fermi gases in a certain parameter range is more optimizing for the experimental realization of the topological phase due to the smaller magnetic field needed. Thus, a promising candidate for the realization of the topological phase is proposed.

  15. Molecules Designed to Contain Two Weakly Coupled Spins with a Photoswitchable Spacer. (United States)

    Uber, Jorge Salinas; Estrader, Marta; Garcia, Jordi; Lloyd-Williams, Paul; Sadurní, Anna; Dengler, Dominik; van Slageren, Joris; Chilton, Nicholas F; Roubeau, Olivier; Teat, Simon J; Ribas-Ariño, Jordi; Aromí, Guillem


    Controlling the charges and spins of molecules lies at the heart of spintronics. A photoswitchable molecule consisting of two independent spins separated by a photoswitchable moiety was designed in the form of new ligand H4 L, which features a dithienylethene photochromic unit and two lateral coordinating moieties, and yields molecules with [MM⋅⋅⋅MM] topology. Compounds [M4 L2 (py)6 ] (M=Cu, 1; Co, 2; Ni, 3; Zn, 4) were prepared and studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD). Different metal centers can be selectively distributed among the two chemically distinct sites of the ligand, and this enables the preparation of many double-spin systems. Heterometallic [MM'⋅⋅⋅M'M] analogues with formulas [Cu2 Ni2 L2 (py)6 ] (5), [Co2 Ni2 L2 (py)6 ] (6), [Co2 Cu2 L2 (py)6 ] (7), [Cu2 Zn2 L2 (py)6 ] (8), and [Ni2 Zn2 L2 (py)6 ] (9) were prepared and analyzed by SCXRD. Their composition was established unambiguously. All complexes exhibit two weakly interacting [MM'] moieties, some of which embody two-level quantum systems. Compounds 5 and 8 each exhibit a pair of weakly coupled S=1/2 spins that show quantum coherence in pulsed Q-band EPR spectroscopy, as required for quantum computing, with good phase memory times (TM =3.59 and 6.03 μs at 7 K). Reversible photoswitching of all the molecules was confirmed in solution. DFT calculations on 5 indicate that the interaction between the two spins of the molecule can be switched on and off on photocyclization. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  16. Generation and electric control of spin-valley-coupled circular photogalvanic current in WSe2 (United States)

    Yuan, Hongtao; Hwang, Harold Y.; Cui, Yi


    Compared to the weak spin-orbit-interaction (SOI) in graphene, layered transitionmetal chalcogenides MX2 have heavy 4d/5d elements with strong atomic SOI, providing a unique way to extend functionalities of novel spintronics and valleytronics devices. Such a valley polarization achieved via valley-selective circular dichroism has been predicted theoretically and demonstrated with optical experiments in MX2 systems. Despite the exciting progresses, the generation of a valley/spin current by valley polarization in MX2 remains elusive and a great challenge. A spin/valley current in MX2 compounds caused by such a valley polarization has never been observed, nor its electric-field control. In this talk, we demonstrated, within an electric-double-layer transistor based on WSe2, the manipulation of a spin-coupled valley photocurrent whose direction and magnitude depend on the degree of circular polarization of the incident radiation and can be further greatly modulated with an external electric field. Such room temperature generation and electric control of valley/spin photocurrent provides a new property of electrons in MX2 systems, thereby enabling new degrees of control for quantum-confined spintronics devices. (In collaboration with S.C. Zhang, Y.L. Chen, Z.X. Shen, B Lian, H.J. Zhang, G Xu, Y Xu, B Zhou, X.Q. Wang, B Shen X.F. Fang) Acknowledge the support from DoE, BES, Division of MSE under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515. Acknowledge the support from DoE, BES, Division of MSE under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.

  17. Spin-orbit coupling effects, interactions and superconducting transport in nanostructures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulz, Andreas


    In the present thesis we study the electronic properties of several low dimensional nanoscale systems. In the first part, we focus on the combined effect of spin-orbit coupling (SOI) and Coulomb interaction in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as well as quantum wires. We derive low energy theories for both systems, using the bosonization technique and obtain analytic expressions for the correlation functions that allow us to compute basically all observables of interest. We first focus on CNTs and show that a four channel Luttinger liquid theory can still be applied when SOI effects are taken into account. Compared to previous formulations, the low-energy Hamiltonian is characterized by different Luttinger parameters and plasmon velocities. Notably, the charge and spin modes are coupled. Our theory allows us to compute an asymptotically exact expression for the spectral function of a metallic carbon nanotube. We find modifications to the previously predicted structure of the spectral function that can in principle be tested by photoemission spectroscopy experiments. We develop a very similar low energy description for an interacting quantum wire subject to Rashba spin-orbit coupling (RSOC). We derive a two component Luttinger liquid Hamiltonian in the presence of RSOC, taking into account all e-e interaction processes allowed by the conservation of total momentum. The effective low energy Hamiltonian includes an additional perturbation due to intraband backscattering processes with band flip. Within a one-loop RG scheme, this perturbation is marginally irrelevant. The fixed point model is then still a two channel Luttinger liquid, albeit with a non standard form due to SOI. Again, the charge and spin mode are coupled. Using our low energy theory, we address the problem of the RKKY interaction in an interacting Rashba wire. The coupling of spin and charge modes due to SO effects implies several modifications, e.g. the explicit dependence of the power-law decay exponent of

  18. A tyrosyl-dimanganese coupled spin system is the native metalloradical cofactor of the R2F subunit of the ribonucleotide reductase of Corynebacterium ammoniagenes. (United States)

    Cox, Nicholas; Ogata, Hideaki; Stolle, Patrick; Reijerse, Edward; Auling, Georg; Lubitz, Wolfgang


    The X-ray crystallographic structure of the native R2F subunit of the ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) of Corynebacterium ammoniagenes ATCC 6872 is reported, with a resolution of 1.36 A. The metal site contains an oxo/hydroxo-bridged manganese dimer, located near a tyrosine residue (Y115). The coordination of the manganese dimer and its distance to a nearby tyrosine residue resemble the di-iron metalloradical cofactor of class I RNR from Escherichia coli . Multifrequency EPR measurements of the highly active C. ammoniagenes R2F subunit show that the metal site contains a ferromagnetically exchange-coupled Mn(III)Mn(III) dimer weakly coupled to a tyrosyl radical. A mechanism for the metalloradical cofactor (Mn(III)Mn(III)Y(*)) generation is proposed. H(2)O(2) (HO(2)(-)) instead of O(2) is hypothesized as physiological oxidant for the Mn dimer which in turn oxidizes the tyrosine Y115. Changes in the ligand sphere of both manganese ions during metalloradical generation direct the complex formation of this cofactor, disfavoring alternate reaction pathways such as H(2)O(2) dismutation, as observed for manganese catalase, a structural analogue of the R2F metal site. The presented results demonstrate the importance of manganese for radical formation in this RNR and confirm the assignment of this enzyme to class Ib.

  19. Proposed Coupling of an Electron Spin in a Semiconductor Quantum Dot to a Nanosize Optical Cavity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Majumdar, Arka; Nielsen, Per Kær; Bajcsy, Michal


    We propose a scheme to efficiently couple a single quantum dot electron spin to an optical nano-cavity, which enables us to simultaneously benefit from a cavity as an efficient photonic interface, as well as to perform high fidelity (nearly 100%) spin initialization and manipulation achievable...... in bulk semiconductors. Moreover, the presence of the cavity speeds up the spin initialization process beyond the GHz range....

  20. Communication: spin densities within a unitary group based spin-adapted open-shell coupled-cluster theory: analytic evaluation of isotropic hyperfine-coupling constants for the combinatoric open-shell coupled-cluster scheme. (United States)

    Datta, Dipayan; Gauss, Jürgen


    We report analytical calculations of isotropic hyperfine-coupling constants in radicals using a spin-adapted open-shell coupled-cluster theory, namely, the unitary group based combinatoric open-shell coupled-cluster (COSCC) approach within the singles and doubles approximation. A scheme for the evaluation of the one-particle spin-density matrix required in these calculations is outlined within the spin-free formulation of the COSCC approach. In this scheme, the one-particle spin-density matrix for an open-shell state with spin S and MS = + S is expressed in terms of the one- and two-particle spin-free (charge) density matrices obtained from the Lagrangian formulation that is used for calculating the analytic first derivatives of the energy. Benchmark calculations are presented for NO, NCO, CH2CN, and two conjugated π-radicals, viz., allyl and 1-pyrrolyl in order to demonstrate the performance of the proposed scheme.

  1. Spin-Orbit Coupling, Quantum Dots, and Qubits in Monolayer Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andor Kormányos


    Full Text Available We derive an effective Hamiltonian that describes the dynamics of electrons in the conduction band of monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC in the presence of perpendicular electric and magnetic fields. We discuss in detail both the intrinsic and the Bychkov-Rashba spin-orbit coupling induced by an external electric field. We point out interesting differences in the spin-split conduction band between different TMDC compounds. An important consequence of the strong intrinsic spin-orbit coupling is an effective out-of-plane g factor for the electrons that differs from the free-electron g factor g≃2. We identify a new term in the Hamiltonian of the Bychkov-Rashba spin-orbit coupling that does not exist in III-V semiconductors. Using first-principles calculations, we give estimates of the various parameters appearing in the theory. Finally, we consider quantum dots formed in TMDC materials and derive an effective Hamiltonian that allows us to calculate the magnetic field dependence of the bound states in the quantum dots. We find that all states are both valley and spin split, which suggests that these quantum dots could be used as valley-spin filters. We explore the possibility of using spin and valley states in TMDCs as quantum bits, and conclude that, due to the relatively strong intrinsic spin-orbit splitting in the conduction band, the most realistic option appears to be a combined spin-valley (Kramers qubit at low magnetic fields.

  2. Spontaneous generation of spin-orbit coupling in magnetic dipolar Fermi gases


    Sogo, T; M. Urban; Schuck, P.; Miyakawa, T


    The stability of an unpolarized two-component dipolar Fermi gas is studied within mean-field theory. Besides the known instability towards spontaneous magnetization with Fermi sphere deformation, another instability towards spontaneous formation of a spin-orbit coupled phase with a Rashba-like spin texture is found. A phase diagram is presented and consequences are briefly discussed.

  3. Coherent coupling of a superconducting flux qubit to an electron spin ensemble in diamond (United States)

    Zhu, Xiaobo; Saito, Shiro; Kemp, Alexander; Kakuyanagi, Kosuke; Karimoto, Shin-Ichi; Nakano, Hayato; Munro, William J.; Tokura, Yasuhiro; Everitt, Mark S.; Nemoto, Kae; Kasu, Makoto; Mizuochi, Norikazu; Semba, Kouichi


    We have experimentally demonstrated coherent strong coupling between a single macroscopic superconducting artificial atom (a gap tunable flux qubit [1]) and an ensemble of electron spins in the form of nitrogen--vacancy color centres in diamond. We have observed coherent exchange of a single quantum of energy between a flux qubit and a macroscopic ensemble consisting of about 3.0*10^7 NV- centers [2]. This is the first step towards the realization of a long-lived quantum memory and hybrid devices coupling microwave and optical systems. [1] Coherent operation of a gap-tunable flux qubit X. B. Zhu, A. Kemp, S. Saito, K. Semba, APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, Volume: 97, Issue: 10 pp. 102503 (2010) [2] Coherent coupling of a superconducting flux qubit to an electron spin ensemble in diamond Xiaobo Zhu, Shiro Saito, Alexander Kemp, Kosuke Kakuyanagi, Shin-ichi Karimoto, Hayato Nakano, William J. Munro, Yasuhiro Tokura, Mark S. Everitt, Kae Nemoto, Makoto Kasu, Norikazu Mizuochi, and Kouichi Semba, Nature, Volume: 478, 221-224 (2011)

  4. Bright soliton dynamics in spin orbit-Rabi coupled Bose-Einstein condensates (United States)

    Vinayagam, P. S.; Radha, R.; Bhuvaneswari, S.; Ravisankar, R.; Muruganandam, P.


    We investigate the dynamics of a spin-orbit (SO) coupled BECs in a time dependent harmonic trap and show the dynamical system to be completely integrable by constructing the Lax pair. We then employ gauge transformation approach to witness the rapid oscillations of the condensates for a relatively smaller value of SO coupling in a time independent harmonic trap compared to their counterparts in a transient trap. Keeping track of the evolution of the condensates in a transient trap during its transition from confining to expulsive trap, we notice that they collapse in the expulsive trap. We further show that one can manipulate the scattering length through Feshbach resonance to stretch the lifetime of the confining trap and revive the condensate. Considering a SO coupled state as the initial state, the numerical simulation indicates that the reinforcement of Rabi coupling on SO coupled BECs generates the striped phase of the bright solitons and does not impact the stability of the condensates despite destroying the integrability of the dynamical system.

  5. Inverse engineering for fast transport and spin control of spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates in moving harmonic traps (United States)

    Chen, Xi; Jiang, Ruan-Lei; Li, Jing; Ban, Yue; Sherman, E. Ya.


    We investigate fast transport and spin manipulation of tunable spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates in a moving harmonic trap. Motivated by the concept of shortcuts to adiabaticity, we design inversely the time-dependent trap position and spin-orbit-coupling strength. By choosing appropriate boundary conditions we obtain fast transport and spin flip simultaneously. The nonadiabatic transport and relevant spin dynamics are illustrated with numerical examples and compared with the adiabatic transport with constant spin-orbit-coupling strength and velocity. Moreover, the influence of nonlinearity induced by interatomic interaction is discussed in terms of the Gross-Pitaevskii approach, showing the robustness of the proposed protocols. With the state-of-the-art experiments, such an inverse engineering technique paves the way for coherent control of spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates in harmonic traps.

  6. Calculations of the dominant long-range, spin-independent contributions to the interaction energy between two nonrelativistic Dirac fermions from double-boson exchange of spin-0 and spin-1 bosons with spin-dependent couplings (United States)

    Aldaihan, S.; Krause, D. E.; Long, J. C.; Snow, W. M.


    Various theories beyond the Standard Model predict new particles with masses in the sub-eV range with very weak couplings to ordinary matter which can possess spin-dependent couplings to electrons and nucleons. Present laboratory constraints on exotic spin-dependent interactions with pseudoscalar and axial couplings for exchange boson masses between meV and eV are very poor compared to constraints on spin-independent interactions in the same mass range arising from spin-0 and spin-1 boson exchange. It is therefore interesting to analyze in a general way how one can use the strong experimental bounds on spin-independent interactions to also constrain spin-dependent interactions by considering higher-order exchange processes. The exchange of a pair of bosons between two fermions with spin-dependent couplings will possess contributions which flip spins twice and thereby generate a polarization-independent interaction energy which can add coherently between two unpolarized objects. In this paper we derive the dominant long-range contributions to the interaction energy between two nonrelativistic spin-1 /2 Dirac fermions from double exchange of spin-0 and spin-1 bosons proportional to couplings of the form gP4, gS2gP2, and gV2gA2 . Our results for gP4 are in agreement with previous calculations that have appeared in the literature. We demonstrate the usefulness of this analysis to constrain spin-dependent couplings by presenting the results of a reanalysis of data from a short-range gravity experiment to derive an improved constraint on (gPN)2, the pseudoscalar coupling for nucleons, in the range between 40 and 200 μ m of about a factor of 5 compared to previous limits. We hope that the expressions derived in this work will be employed by other researchers in the future to evaluate whether or not they can constrain exotic spin-dependent interactions from spin-independent measurements. The spin-independent contribution from 2-boson exchange with axial vector couplings

  7. Superconductivity and spin-orbit coupling in non-centrosymmetric materials: a review (United States)

    Smidman, M.; Salamon, M. B.; Yuan, H. Q.; Agterberg, D. F.


    In non-centrosymmetric superconductors, where the crystal structure lacks a centre of inversion, parity is no longer a good quantum number and an electronic antisymmetric spin-orbit coupling (ASOC) is allowed to exist by symmetry. If this ASOC is sufficiently large, it has profound consequences on the superconducting state. For example, it generally leads to a superconducting pairing state which is a mixture of spin-singlet and spin-triplet components. The possibility of such novel pairing states, as well as the potential for observing a variety of unusual behaviors, led to intensive theoretical and experimental investigations. Here we review the experimental and theoretical results for superconducting systems lacking inversion symmetry. Firstly we give a conceptual overview of the key theoretical results. We then review the experimental properties of both strongly and weakly correlated bulk materials, as well as two dimensional systems. Here the focus is on evaluating the effects of ASOC on the superconducting properties and the extent to which there is evidence for singlet-triplet mixing. This is followed by a more detailed overview of theoretical aspects of non-centrosymmetric superconductivity. This includes the effects of the ASOC on the pairing symmetry and the superconducting magnetic response, magneto-electric effects, superconducting finite momentum pairing states, and the potential for non-centrosymmetric superconductors to display topological superconductivity.

  8. Zitterbewegung with spin-orbit coupled ultracold atoms in a fluctuating optical lattice


    Argonov, V. Yu.; Makarov, D. V.


    Dynamics of non-interacting ultracold atoms with artificial spin-orbit coupling is considered. Spin-orbit coupling is created using two moving optical lattices with orthogonal polarizations. Our main goal is to study influence of lattice noise on Rabi oscillations. Special attention is paid to the phenomenon of the Zitterbewegung being trembling motion caused by Rabi transitions between states with different velocities. Phase and amplitude fluctuations of lattices are modelled by means of the...

  9. Spin orientation in an ultrathin CoO/PtFe double-layer with perpendicular exchange coupling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamirand, Anne D.; Soares, Márcio M. [Institut Néel, CNRS and UJF, BP166, 38042 Grenoble (France); Ramos, Aline Y., E-mail: [Institut Néel, CNRS and UJF, BP166, 38042 Grenoble (France); Tolentino, Hélio C.N.; De Santis, Maurizio [Institut Néel, CNRS and UJF, BP166, 38042 Grenoble (France); Cezar, Julio C. [Laboratório Nacional de Luz Síncrotron-LNLS, CP 6192, 13083-970 Campinas (Brazil); Siervo, Abner de [Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas-UNICAMP, 13083-970 Campinas (Brazil)


    We studied by soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy the magnetization axis in a 4 nm thin CoO (111) layer exchange-coupled to an ultra thin L1{sub 0} PtFe layer with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The angular dependence of the linear magnetic dichroism at 10 K and the relative variations of the spectral features provide a full description of the spin orientation in this antiferromagnetic layer. The spins are found in the film plane, pointing along the 110 direction. This results is discussed in relation to the film strain and the preferential occupation of t{sub 2g} orbitals. The strong orthogonal coupling between Co and Fe spins should be at the origin of the robustness of the exchange bias effect found in this bilayer system.

  10. Magnetic hysteresis in two model spin systems


    Rao, Madan; Krishnamurthy, HR; Pandit, Rahul


    A systematic study of hysteresis in model continuum and lattice spin systems is undertaken by constructing a statistical-mechanical theory wherein spatial fluctuations of the order parameter are incorporated. The theory is used to study the shapes and areas of the hysteresis loops as functions of the amplitude (Ho) and frequency (a) of the magnetic field. The response of the spin systems to a pulsed magnetic field is also studied. The continuum model that we study is a three-dimensional (CP2)...

  11. Generation and detection of spin polarization in parallel coupled double quantum dots connected to four terminals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    An, Xing-Tao, E-mail: [School of Sciences, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050018 (China); Mu, Hui-Ying [Department of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Hebei Chemical and Pharmaceutical Vocational Technology College, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050026 (China); Li, Yu-Xian [College of Physical Science and Information Engineering, Hebei Normal University, and Hebei Advanced Thin Films Laboratory, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050016 (China); Liu, Jian-Jun [College of Physical Science and Information Engineering, Hebei Normal University, and Hebei Advanced Thin Films Laboratory, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050016 (China); Physics Department, Shijiazhuang University, Shijiazhuang 050035 (China)


    A four-terminal parallel double quantum dots (QDs) device is proposed to generate and detect the spin polarization in QDs. It is found that the spin accumulation in QDs and the spin-polarized currents in the upper and down leads can be generated when a bias voltage is applied between the left and right leads. It is more interesting that the spin polarization in the QDs can be detected using the upper and down leads. Moreover, the direction and magnitude of the spin polarization in the QDs, and in the upper and down leads can be tuned by the energy levels of QDs and the bias. -- Highlights: → The spin polarization in the quantum dots can be generated and controlled. → The spin polarization in quantum dots can be detected by the nonferromagnetic leads. → The system our studied is a discrete level spin Hall system.

  12. Spin transport and magnetization dynamics in various magnetic systems (United States)

    Zhang, Shulei

    The general theme of the thesis is the interplay between magnetization dynamics and spin transport. The main presentation is divided into three parts. The first part is devoted to deepening our understanding on magnetic damping of ferromagnetic metals, which is one of the long-standing issues in conventional spintronics that has not been completely understood. For a nonuniformly-magnetized ferromagnetic metal, we find that the damping is nonlocal and is enhanced as compared to that in the uniform case. It is therefore necessary to generalize the conventional Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation to include the additional damping. In a different vein, the decay mechanism of the uniform precession mode has been investigated. We point out the important role of spin-conserving electron-magnon interaction in the relaxation process by quantitatively examining its contribution to the ferromagnetic resonance linewidth. In the second part, a transport theory is developed for magnons which, in addition to conduction electrons, can also carry and propagate spin angular momentum via the magnon current. We demonstrate that the mutual conversion of magnon current and spin current may take place at magnetic interfaces. We also predict a novel magnon-mediated electric drag effect in a metal/magnetic-insulator/metal trilayer structure. This study may pave the way to the new area of insulator-based spintronics. In the third part of thesis, particular attention is paid to the influence the spin orbit coupling on both charge and spin transport. We theoretically investigate magnetotransport anisotropy and the conversion relations of spin and charge currents in various magnetic systems, and apply our results to interpret recent experiments.

  13. Giant Optical Polarization Rotation Induced by Spin-Orbit Coupling in Polarons. (United States)

    Casals, Blai; Cichelero, Rafael; García Fernández, Pablo; Junquera, Javier; Pesquera, David; Campoy-Quiles, Mariano; Infante, Ingrid C; Sánchez, Florencio; Fontcuberta, Josep; Herranz, Gervasi


    We have uncovered a giant gyrotropic magneto-optical response for doped ferromagnetic manganite La_{2/3}Ca_{1/3}MnO_{3} around the near room-temperature paramagnetic-to-ferromagnetic transition. At odds with current wisdom, where this response is usually assumed to be fundamentally fixed by the electronic band structure, we point to the presence of small polarons as the driving force for this unexpected phenomenon. We explain the observed properties by the intricate interplay of mobility, Jahn-Teller effect, and spin-orbit coupling of small polarons. As magnetic polarons are ubiquitously inherent to many strongly correlated systems, our results provide an original, general pathway towards the generation of magnetic-responsive gigantic gyrotropic responses that may open novel avenues for magnetoelectric coupling beyond the conventional modulation of magnetization.

  14. Spin-orbit coupled two-electron Fermi gases of ytterbium atoms

    CERN Document Server

    Song, Bo; Zhang, Shanchao; Zou, Yueyang; Haciyev, Elnur; Huang, Wei; Liu, Xiong-Jun; Jo, Gyu-Boong


    We demonstrate the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in a two-electron Fermi gas of $^{173}$Yb atoms by coupling two hyperfine ground states via the two-photon Raman transition. Due to the SU($N$) symmetry of the $^1$S$_0$ ground-state manifold which is insensitive to external magnetic field, an optical AC Stark effect is applied to split the ground spin states and separate an effective spin-1/2 subspace out from other hyperfine levels for the realization of SOC. With a momentum-dependent spin-orbit gap being suddenly opened by switching on the Raman transition, the dephasing of spin dynamics is observed, as a consequence of the momentum-dependent Rabi oscillations. Moreover, the momentum asymmetry of the spin-orbit coupled Fermi gas is also examined after projection onto the bare spin state and the corresponding momentum distribution is measured for different two-photon detuning. The realization of SOC for Yb fermions may open a new avenue to the study of novel spin-orbit physics with alkaline-earth-like atoms.

  15. Persistent Skyrmion Lattice of Noninteracting Electrons with Spin-Orbit Coupling. (United States)

    Fu, Jiyong; Penteado, Poliana H; Hachiya, Marco O; Loss, Daniel; Egues, J Carlos


    A persistent spin helix (PSH) is a robust helical spin-density pattern arising in disordered 2D electron gases with Rashba α and Dresselhaus β spin-orbit (SO) tuned couplings, i.e., α=±β. Here, we investigate the emergence of a persistent Skyrmion lattice (PSL) resulting from the coherent superposition of PSHs along orthogonal directions-crossed PSHs-in wells with two occupied subbands ν=1, 2. For realistic GaAs wells, we show that the Rashba α_{ν} and Dresselhaus β_{ν} couplings can be simultaneously tuned to equal strengths but opposite signs, e.g., α_{1}=β_{1} and α_{2}=-β_{2}. In this regime, and away from band anticrossings, our noninteracting electron gas sustains a topologically nontrivial Skyrmion-lattice spin-density excitation, which inherits the robustness against spin-independent disorder and interactions from its underlying crossed PSHs. We find that the spin relaxation rate due to the interband SO coupling is comparable to that of the cubic Dresselhaus term as a mechanism of the PSL decay. Near anticrossings, the interband-induced spin mixing leads to unusual spin textures along the energy contours beyond those of the Rahsba-Dresselhaus bands. Our PSL opens up the unique possibility of observing topological phenomena, e.g., topological and Skyrmion Hall effects, in ordinary GaAs wells with noninteracting electrons.

  16. Open quantum spin systems in semiconductor quantum dots and atoms in optical lattices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwager, Heike


    In this Thesis, we study open quantum spin systems from different perspectives. The first part is motivated by technological challenges of quantum computation. An important building block for quantum computation and quantum communication networks is an interface between material qubits for storage and data processing and travelling photonic qubits for communication. We propose the realisation of a quantum interface between a travelling-wave light field and the nuclear spins in a quantum dot strongly coupled to a cavity. Our scheme is robust against cavity decay as it uses the decay of the cavity to achieve the coupling between nuclear spins and the travelling-wave light fields. A prerequiste for such a quantum interface is a highly polarized ensemble of nuclear spins. High polarization of the nuclear spin ensemble is moreover highly desirable as it protects the potential electron spin qubit from decoherence. Here we present the theoretical description of an experiment in which highly asymmetric dynamic nuclear spin pumping is observed in a single self-assembled InGaAs quantum dot. The second part of this Thesis is devoted to fundamental studies of dissipative spin systems. We study general one-dimensional spin chains under dissipation and propose a scheme to realize a quantum spin system using ultracold atoms in an optical lattice in which both coherent interaction and dissipation can be engineered and controlled. This system enables the study of non-equilibrium and steady state physics of open and driven spin systems. We find, that the steady state expectation values of different spin models exhibit discontinuous behaviour at degeneracy points of the Hamiltonian in the limit of weak dissipation. This effect can be used to dissipatively probe the spectrum of the Hamiltonian. We moreover study spin models under the aspect of state preparation and show that dissipation drives certain spin models into highly entangled state. Finally, we study a spin chain with

  17. Hyperfine and Spin-Orbit Coupling Effects on Decay of Spin-Valley States in a Carbon Nanotube (United States)

    Pei, T.; Pályi, A.; Mergenthaler, M.; Ares, N.; Mavalankar, A.; Warner, J. H.; Briggs, G. A. D.; Laird, E. A.


    The decay of spin-valley states is studied in a suspended carbon nanotube double quantum dot via the leakage current in Pauli blockade and via dephasing and decoherence of a qubit. From the magnetic field dependence of the leakage current, hyperfine and spin-orbit contributions to relaxation from blocked to unblocked states are identified and explained quantitatively by means of a simple model. The observed qubit dephasing rate is consistent with the hyperfine coupling strength extracted from this model and inconsistent with dephasing from charge noise. However, the qubit coherence time, although longer than previously achieved, is probably still limited by charge noise in the device.

  18. Understanding and controlling spin-systems using electron spin resonance techniques (United States)

    Martens, Mathew

    the frequency of this nutation. Experimental findings fit well the analytical model developed. This process could lead to the use of multi-level spin systems as tunable solid state qubits. Finally, if quantum computing technologies are to be commercially realized, an on-chip method to address qubits must be developed. One way to incorporate SMMs to an on-chip device is by way of a coplanar waveguide (CPW) resonator. Efforts to create a resonator of this type to be used to perform low-temperature ESR on-chip will be described. Our work is focused on implementing such on-chip techniques in high magnetic fields, which is desirable for ESR-type of experiments in (quasi-)isotropic spin systems. Considerable attention is given to the coupling of these devices and a geometry is presented for a superconducting CPW resonator that is critically coupled. The effect of the magnetic field on the resonance position and its quality factor is addressed as well. Our devices show robust performance in field upwards of 1 Tesla and their use in performing on-chip ESR measurements seem promising.

  19. Magnon sidebands and spin-charge coupling in bismuth ferrite probed by nonlinear optical spectroscopy (United States)

    Ramirez, M. O.; Kumar, A.; Denev, S. A.; Podraza, N. J.; Xu, X. S.; Rai, R. C.; Chu, Y. H.; Seidel, J.; Martin, L. W.; Yang, S.-Y.; Saiz, E.; Ihlefeld, J. F.; Lee, S.; Klug, J.; Cheong, S. W.; Bedzyk, M. J.; Auciello, O.; Schlom, D. G.; Ramesh, R.; Orenstein, J.; Musfeldt, J. L.; Gopalan, V.


    The interplay between spin waves (magnons) and electronic structure in materials leads to the creation of additional bands associated with electronic energy levels which are called magnon sidebands. The large difference in the energy scales between magnons (meV) and electronic levels (eV) makes this direct interaction weak and hence makes magnon sidebands difficult to probe. Linear light absorption and scattering techniques at low temperatures are traditionally used to probe these sidebands. Here we show that optical second-harmonic generation, as the lowest-order nonlinear process, can successfully probe the magnon sidebands at room temperature and up to 723 K in bismuth ferrite, associated with large wave vector multimagnon excitations which linear absorption studies are able to resolve only under high magnetic fields and low temperatures. Polarized light studies and temperature dependence of these sidebands reveal a spin-charge coupling interaction of the type PsL2 between the spontaneous polarization (Ps) and antiferromagnetic order parameter, L in bismuth ferrite, that persists with short-range correlation well into the paramagnetic phase up to high temperatures. These observations suggest a broader opportunity to probe the collective spin-charge-lattice interactions in a wide range of material systems at high temperatures and electronic energy scales using nonlinear optics.

  20. Spin-orbit coupling in a graphene bilayer and in graphite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guinea, F, E-mail: paco.guinea@icmm.csic.e [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz 3, E28049 Madrid (Spain)


    The intrinsic spin-orbit interactions in bilayer graphene and in graphite are studied, using a tight binding model and an intra-atomic LS coupling. The spin-orbit interactions in bilayer graphene and graphite are larger, by about one order of magnitude, than the interactions in single-layer graphene, due to the mixing of {pi} and {sigma} bands by interlayer hopping. Their values are in the range 0.1-1 K. The spin-orbit coupling opens a gap in bilayer graphene, and also gives rise to two edge modes. The spin-orbit couplings are largest, {approx}1-4 K, in orthorhombic graphite, which does not have a center of inversion.

  1. Free vibration analysis of spinning structural systems. (United States)

    Gupta, K. K.


    This article presents an efficient digital computer procedure, along with the complete listing of the associated computer program, which may be conveniently utilized for the accurate solution of a wide range of practical eigenvalue problems. Important applications of the present work are envisaged in the natural frequency analysis of spinning structures discretized by the finite element technique, and in the determination of transfer functions associated with the dynamic blocks of control systems of spacecraft utilizing gas jets or reaction wheels for attitude control, as well as of spin-stabilized and dual-spin-stabilized satellites. The validity of the Sturm sequence property is first established for the related matrix formulation involving Hermitian and real symmetric, positive-definite matrices, both being usually of highly banded configuration. A numerically stable algorithm based on the Sturm sequence method is then developed which fully exploits the banded form of the associated matrices.

  2. Magnetic properties of charged spin-1 Bose gases with ferromagnetic coupling. (United States)

    Qin, Jihong; Jian, Xiaoling; Gu, Qiang


    The magnetic properties of a charged spin-1 Bose gas with ferromagnetic interactions are investigated within mean-field theory. It is shown that a competition between paramagnetism, diamagnetism and ferromagnetism exists in this system. It is shown that diamagnetism, being concerned with spontaneous magnetization, cannot exceed ferromagnetism in a very weak magnetic field. The critical value of reduced ferromagnetic coupling of the paramagnetic phase to ferromagnetic phase transition I[combining overline](c) increases with increasing temperature. The Landé-factor g is introduced to describe the strength of the paramagnetic effect which comes from the spin degree of freedom. The magnetization density M[combining overline] increases monotonically with g for fixed reduced ferromagnetic coupling I[combining overline] as I[combining overline] > I[combining overline](c). In a weak magnetic field, ferromagnetism makes an immense contribution to the magnetization density. On the other hand, at a high magnetic field, the diamagnetism tends to saturate. Evidence for condensation can be seen in the magnetization density at a weak magnetic field.

  3. Dynamic linear response of the SK spin glass coupled microscopically to a bath

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plefka, T. [Theoretische Festkoerperphysik, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany)]. E-mail:


    The dynamic linear response theory of a general Ising model weakly coupled to a heat bath is derived by employing the quantum statistical theory of Mori, treating the Hamiltonian of the spin bath coupling as a perturbation, and applying the Markovian approximation. Both the dynamic susceptibility and the relaxation function are expressed in terms of the static susceptibility and the static internal field distribution function. For the special case of the SK spin glass, this internal field distribution can be related to the solutions of the TAP equations in the entire temperature region. Application of this new relation and the use of numerical solutions of the modified TAP equations lead, for finite but large systems, to explicit results for the distribution function and for dynamic linear response functions. A detailed discussion is presented which includes finite-size effects. Due to the derived temperature dependence of the Onsager-Casimir coefficients, a frequency-dependent shift of the cusp temperature of the real part of the dynamic susceptibility is found. (author)

  4. General formalism of local thermodynamics with an example: Quantum Otto engine with a spin-1/2 coupled to an arbitrary spin


    Müstecaplıoğlu, Özgür Esat; Altintas, Ferdi


    We investigate a quantum heat engine with a working substance of two particles, one with a spin-1/2 and the other with an arbitrary spin (spin s), coupled by Heisenberg exchange interaction, and subject to an external magnetic field. The engine operates in a quantum Otto cycle. Work harvested in the cycle and its efficiency are calculated using quantum thermodynamical definitions. It is found that the engine has higher efficiencies at higher spins and can harvest work at higher exchange inter...

  5. Optical excitation of valley and spin currents of chiral edge states in graphene with Rashba spin-orbital coupling (United States)

    Luo, Ma; Li, Zhibing


    Graphene on a substrate with a topological line defect possesses chiral edge states that exhibit linear dispersion and have opposite Fermi velocities for two valleys. The chiral edge states are localized at the line defect. With the presence of Rashba spin-orbital coupling, the dispersion of the chiral edge states splits into two. The optical excitation is modeled by the generalized semiconductor Bloch equation based on tight-binding theory. Charge, valley, and spin currents generated by normally incident plane waves through the photogalvanic effect as well as those generated by oblique light through the surface-plasmon drag effect are studied. Conditions for optical generation of purely localized valley or spin currents, which are solely originated from the chiral edge states, are discussed.

  6. Exchange cotunneling through quantum dots with spin-orbit coupling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paaske, Jens; Andersen, Andreas; Flensberg, Karsten


    We investigate the effects of spin-orbit interaction (SOI) on the exchange cotunneling through a spinful Coulomb blockaded quantum dot. In the case of zero magnetic field, Kondo effect is shown to take place via a Kramers doublet and the SOI will merely affect the Kondo temperature. In contrast, we...... find that the breaking of time-reversal symmetry in a finite field has a marked influence on the effective Anderson and Kondo models for a single level. The nonlinear conductance can now be asymmetric in bias voltage and may depend strongly on the direction of the magnetic field. A measurement...

  7. Spinon Fermi surface U (1 ) spin liquid in the spin-orbit-coupled triangular-lattice Mott insulator YbMgGaO4 (United States)

    Li, Yao-Dong; Lu, Yuan-Ming; Chen, Gang


    Motivated by the recent progress in the spin-orbit-coupled triangular lattice spin liquid candidate YbMgGaO4, we carry out a systematic projective symmetry group analysis and mean-field study of candidate U (1 ) spin-liquid ground states. Due to the spin-orbital entanglement of the Yb moments, the space-group symmetry operation transforms both the position and the orientation of the local moments, and hence it brings different features for the projective realization of the lattice symmetries from the cases with spin-only moments. Among the eight U (1 ) spin liquids that we find with the fermionic parton construction, only one spin-liquid state, which was proposed and analyzed by Yao Shen et al. [Nature (London) 540, 559 (2016), 10.1038/nature20614] and labeled as U1A00 in the present work, stands out and gives a large spinon Fermi surface and provides a consistent explanation for the spectroscopic results in YbMgGaO4. Further connection of this spinon Fermi surface U (1 ) spin liquid with YbMgGaO4 and the future directions are discussed. Finally, our results may apply to other spin-orbit-coupled triangular lattice spin-liquid candidates, and more broadly, our general approach can be well extended to spin-orbit-coupled spin-liquid candidate materials.

  8. Symmetries and Topological Order: Realizations and Signals in Correlated Strong Spin-Orbit Coupled Materials (United States)

    Huang, Yi-Ping

    Spin-orbit coupling exists in materials in general. However, it entangles the spin and orbital degrees of freedom and complicates the model. Thus, theorists usually neglect the effects induced by spin-orbit coupling first and consider spin-orbit coupling as perturbation next. The non-perturbative effects brought up by spin-orbit coupling are thus often less studied or overlooked. On the other hand, the majority in the study of interacting topological order focusing on the general structure of theories and made significant advances by leaving material details behind. It is thus important to find possible microscopic models that could realize the new phases in laboratories and benefits from the progress of theories to make experimental predictions. In this thesis, we study the physical effects due to strong spin-orbit coupling from the perspective of searching new quantum orders and the non-trivial responses. (i) The first project, we propose the nontrivial dipolar-octupolar(DO) doublets on the pyrochlore lattice. By studying the most general symmetry allowed model at the localized and the itinerant limit for DO doublets, we found two 3D symmetry enriched topological orders and topological insulator correspondingly. (ii) In the second project, we analyze the 2D model descending from the localized limit of DO doublets on pyrochlore. The discrete onsite symmetry and space group symmetry could lead to a symmetry-enriched topological order with symmetry fractionalization pattern that cannot emerge from a spin model with continuous spin rotational symmetry. The non-trivial symmetry fractionalization pattern contributes to the striking numerical signal that can help identifying the topological order. (iii) In the third project, we develop a theory to understand the high-energy Raman signal in Sr2IrO4.

  9. Spin lattice coupling in multiferroic hexagonal YMnO3

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ization by applying a magnetic field or the control of the magnetic order parameter by an electric field, these materials may lead to very promising technological ap- plications, offering the possibility to ... lattice distortions and magnetism, a strong interaction between elementary excita- tions (phonons and spin waves) is ...

  10. Spin flipping in ring-coupled-cluster-doubles theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klopper, Wim; M. Teale, Andrew; Coriani, Sonia


    We report a critical analysis and comparison of a variety of random-phase-approximation (RPA) based approaches to determine the electronic ground-state energy. Interrelations between RPA variants are examined by numerical examples with particular attention paid to the role of spin-flipped...

  11. Magnonic charge pumping via spin-orbit coupling

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ciccarelli, C.; Hals, K.M.D.; Irvine, A.; Novák, Vít; Tserkovnyak, Y.; Kurebayashi, H.; Brataas, A.; Ferguson, A.


    Roč. 10, č. 1 (2015), 50-54 ISSN 1748-3387 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LM2011026 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : spintronics * spin-orbit torque * GaMnAs Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 35.267, year: 2015

  12. Spin Torques in Systems with Spin Filtering and Spin Orbit Interaction

    KAUST Repository

    Ortiz Pauyac, Christian


    In the present thesis we introduce the reader to the field of spintronics and explore new phenomena, such as spin transfer torques, spin filtering, and three types of spin-orbit torques, Rashba, spin Hall, and spin swapping, which have emerged very recently and are promising candidates for a new generation of memory devices in computer technology. A general overview of these phenomena is presented in Chap. 1. In Chap. 2 we study spin transfer torques in tunnel junctions in the presence of spin filtering. In Chap. 3 we discuss the Rashba torque in ferromagnetic films, and in Chap. 4 we study spin Hall effect and spin swapping in ferromagnetic films, exploring the nature of spin-orbit torques based on these mechanisms. Conclusions and perspectives are summarized in Chap. 5.

  13. Prominent Role of Spin-Orbit Coupling in FeSe Revealed by Inelastic Neutron Scattering (United States)

    Ma, Mingwei; Bourges, Philippe; Sidis, Yvan; Xu, Yang; Li, Shiyan; Hu, Biaoyan; Li, Jiarui; Wang, Fa; Li, Yuan


    In most existing theories for iron-based superconductors, spin-orbit coupling (SOC) has been assumed to be insignificant. Here, we use spin-polarized inelastic neutron scattering to show that collective low-energy spin excitations in the orthorhombic (or "nematic") phase of FeSe possess nearly no in-plane component. Such spin-space anisotropy is present over an energy range greater than the superconducting gap 2 Δsc and gets fully inherited in the superconducting state, resulting in a c -axis polarized "spin resonance" without any noticeable isotropic spectral-weight rearrangement related to the superconductivity, which is distinct from observations in the superconducting iron pnictides. The contrast between the strong suppression of long-range magnetic order in FeSe and the persisting large spin-space anisotropy, which cannot be explained microscopically by introducing single-ion anisotropy into local-moment spin models, demonstrates the importance of SOC in an itinerant-electron description of the low-energy spin excitations. Our result helps to elucidate the nearby magnetic instabilities and the debated interplay between spin and orbital degrees of freedom in FeSe. The prominent role of SOC also implies a possible unusual nature of the superconducting state.

  14. Sign determination of dipolar couplings in field-oriented bicelles by variable angle sample spinning (VASS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tian, F.; Losonczi, J.A.; Fischer, M.W.F.; Prestegard, J.H. [University of Georgia, Complex Carbohydrate Research Center (United States)


    Residual dipolar couplings are being increasingly used as structural constraints for NMR studies of biomolecules. A problem arises when dipolar coupling contributions are larger than scalar contributions for a given spin pair, as is commonly observed in solid state NMR studies, in that signs of dipolar couplings cannot easily be determined. Here the sign ambiguities of dipolar couplings in field-oriented bicelles are resolved by variable angle sample spinning (VASS) techniques. The director behavior of field-oriented bicelles (DMPC/DHPC, DMPC/CHAPSO) in VASS is studied by {sup 31}P NMR. A stable configuration occurs when the spinning angle is smaller than the magic angle, 54.7 deg., and the director (or bicelle normal) of the disks is mainly distributed in a plane perpendicular to the rotation axis. Since the dipolar couplings depend on how the bicelles are oriented with respect to the magnetic field, it is shown that the dipolar interaction can be scaled to the same order as the J-coupling by moving the spinning axis from 0 deg. toward 54.7 deg. Thus the relative sign of dipolar and scalar couplings can be determined.

  15. Spin-orbit coupling manipulating composite topological spin textures in atomic-molecular Bose-Einstein condensates (United States)

    Liu, Chao-Fei; Juzeliūnas, Gediminas; Liu, W. M.


    Atomic-molecular Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) offer brand new opportunities to revolutionize quantum gases and probe the variation of fundamental constants with unprecedented sensitivity. The recent realization of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in BECs provides a new platform for exploring completely new phenomena unrealizable elsewhere. In this study, we find a way of creating a Rashba-Dresselhaus SOC in atomic-molecular BECs by combining the spin-dependent photoassociation and Raman coupling, which can control the formation and distribution of a different type of topological excitation—carbon-dioxide-like skyrmion. This skyrmion is formed by two half-skyrmions of molecular BECs coupling with one skyrmion of atomic BECs, where the two half-skyrmions locate at both sides of one skyrmion. Carbon-dioxide-like skyrmion can be detected by measuring the vortices structures using the time-of-flight absorption imaging technique in real experiments. Furthermore, we find that SOC can effectively change the occurrence of the Chern number in k space, which causes the creation of topological spin textures from some separated carbon-dioxide-like monomers each with topological charge -2 to a polymer chain of the skyrmions. This work helps in creating dual SOC atomic-molecular BECs and opens avenues to manipulate topological excitations.

  16. Current induced torques and interfacial spin-orbit coupling: Semiclassical modeling

    KAUST Repository

    Haney, Paul M.


    In bilayer nanowires consisting of a ferromagnetic layer and a nonmagnetic layer with strong spin-orbit coupling, currents create torques on the magnetization beyond those found in simple ferromagnetic nanowires. The resulting magnetic dynamics appear to require torques that can be separated into two terms, dampinglike and fieldlike. The dampinglike torque is typically derived from models describing the bulk spin Hall effect and the spin transfer torque, and the fieldlike torque is typically derived from a Rashba model describing interfacial spin-orbit coupling. We derive a model based on the Boltzmann equation that unifies these approaches. We also consider an approximation to the Boltzmann equation, the drift-diffusion model, that qualitatively reproduces the behavior, but quantitatively differs in some regimes. We show that the Boltzmann equation with physically reasonable parameters can match the torques for any particular sample, but in some cases, it fails to describe the experimentally observed thickness dependencies.

  17. Gravitational and gauge couplings in Chern-Simons fractional spin gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boulanger, Nicolas [Mécanique et Gravitation, Université de Mons - UMONS,20 Place du Parc, 7000 Mons, Belgique (Belgium); Laboratoire de Mathématiques et Physique Théorique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 7350 du CNRS,Université François Rabelais,Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours (France); Sundell, Per [Departamento de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Andres Bello,Republica 220, Santiago (Chile); Valenzuela, Mauricio [Facultad de Ingeniería y Tecnología, Universidad San Sebastían,General Lagos 1163, Valdivia 5110693 (Chile)


    We propose an extension of Vasiliev’s supertrace operation for the enveloping algebra of Wigner’s deformed oscillator algebra to the fractional spin algebra given in We provide a necessary and sufficient condition for the consistency of the supertrace, through the existence of a certain ground state projector. We build this projector and check its properties to the first two orders in the number operator and to all orders in the deformation parameter. We then find the relation between the gravitational and internal gauge couplings in the resulting unified three-dimensional Chern-Simons theory for Blencowe-Vasiliev higher spin gravity coupled to fractional spin fields and internal gauge potentials. We also examine the model for integer or half-integer fractional spins, where infinite dimensional ideals arise and decouple, leaving finite dimensional gauge algebras gl(2ℓ+1) or gl(ℓ|ℓ+1) and various real forms thereof.

  18. Nonlocal Andreev entanglements and triplet correlations in graphene with spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Beiranvand, Razieh; Hamzehpour, Hossein; Alidoust, Mohammad


    Using a wave function Dirac Bogoliubov-de Gennes method, we demonstrate that the tunable Fermi level of a graphene layer in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit coupling (RSOC) allows for producing an anomalous nonlocal Andreev reflection and equal spin superconducting triplet pairing. We consider a graphene nanojunction of a ferromagnet-RSOC-superconductor-ferromagnet configuration and study scattering processes, the appearance of spin triplet correlations, and charge conductance in this structure. We show that the anomalous crossed Andreev reflection is linked to the equal spin triplet pairing. Moreover, by calculating current cross-correlations, our results reveal that this phenomenon causes negative charge conductance at weak voltages and can be revealed in a spectroscopy experiment, and may provide a tool for detecting the entanglement of the equal spin superconducting pair correlations in hybrid structures.

  19. Electric-field-induced antiferromagnetic resonance in antiferromagnetic insulators with spin-orbit coupling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akihiko Sekine


    Full Text Available We study theoretically spin dynamics in three-dimensional antiferromagnetic insulators with spin-orbit coupling. We focus on the antiferromagnetic insulators whose low-energy effective model possesses a topological term called the θ term. By solving the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation in the presence of the θ term, we show that the antiferromagnetic resonance can be realized by ac electric fields along with static magnetic fields. The antiferromagnetic resonance can be detected via the spin pumping from the Néel field and net magnetization. We calculate both contributions to the pumped spin current, and find that the magnitude of the ac electric field to cause the resonance state is very small (∼ 1 V/m. This indicates that spin currents can be generated efficiently. The mechanism of the antiferromagnetic resonance in this study is understood as the inverse process of the dynamical chiral magnetic effect.

  20. Towards entanglement detection in nanotube Cooper pair splitters with disorder and spin-orbit coupling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hels, Morten Canth

    nanotubes are attractive to use in quantum devices because of their exotic electronic and mechanical properties. One proposal involving carbon nanotubes utilizes their intrinsic spin-orbit interaction as a spin filter to demonstrate the entangled nature of splitting Cooper pairs. Such a device would have...... to have god correspondence with transport data obtained from a two-terminal CNT quantum dot device. A CNT CPS device is fabricated which allows identification of non-collinear spin-orbit magnetic fields in the two segments of the device. This is made possible because the curved nanotube exhibits low...... disorder as measured by its ratio of KK0 scattering to spin-orbit coupling KK0/SO. The spin-orbit magnetic fields obtained in this device were previously considered to be difficult to obtain without using special fabrication techniques. We provide the details for fabrication of the device, but note...

  1. Transient ferromagnetic-like state mediating ultrafast reversal of antiferromagnetically coupled spins. (United States)

    Radu, I; Vahaplar, K; Stamm, C; Kachel, T; Pontius, N; Dürr, H A; Ostler, T A; Barker, J; Evans, R F L; Chantrell, R W; Tsukamoto, A; Itoh, A; Kirilyuk, A; Rasing, Th; Kimel, A V


    Ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic spin ordering is governed by the exchange interaction, the strongest force in magnetism. Understanding spin dynamics in magnetic materials is an issue of crucial importance for progress in information processing and recording technology. Usually the dynamics are studied by observing the collective response of exchange-coupled spins, that is, spin resonances, after an external perturbation by a pulse of magnetic field, current or light. The periods of the corresponding resonances range from one nanosecond for ferromagnets down to one picosecond for antiferromagnets. However, virtually nothing is known about the behaviour of spins in a magnetic material after being excited on a timescale faster than that corresponding to the exchange interaction (10-100 fs), that is, in a non-adiabatic way. Here we use the element-specific technique X-ray magnetic circular dichroism to study spin reversal in GdFeCo that is optically excited on a timescale pertinent to the characteristic time of the exchange interaction between Gd and Fe spins. We unexpectedly find that the ultrafast spin reversal in this material, where spins are coupled antiferromagnetically, occurs by way of a transient ferromagnetic-like state. Following the optical excitation, the net magnetizations of the Gd and Fe sublattices rapidly collapse, switch their direction and rebuild their net magnetic moments at substantially different timescales; the net magnetic moment of the Gd sublattice is found to reverse within 1.5 picoseconds, which is substantially slower than the Fe reversal time of 300 femtoseconds. Consequently, a transient state characterized by a temporary parallel alignment of the net Gd and Fe moments emerges, despite their ground-state antiferromagnetic coupling. These surprising observations, supported by atomistic simulations, provide a concept for the possibility of manipulating magnetic order on the timescale of the exchange interaction.

  2. Spin-Orbit Coupled Bose-Einstein Condensates (United States)


    lattices, Physical Review A, (07 2010): 0. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevA.82.013608 Kai Sun, Christopher Varney, Marcos Rigol , Victor Galitski. Interaction effects...Sun, Victor Galitski, Marcos Rigol . Kaleidoscope of Exotic Quantum Phases in a Frustrated XY Model, Physical Review Letters, (08 2011): 0. doi...Marcos Rigol . Quantum phases of hard-core bosons in a frustratedhoneycomb lattice, Invited review for special issue "Focus on Quantum Spin Liquids

  3. Multidimensional Josephson vortices in spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates: Snake instability and decay through vortex dipoles (United States)

    Gallemí, A.; Guilleumas, M.; Mayol, R.; Mateo, A. Muñoz


    We analyze the dynamics of Josephson vortex states in two-component Bose-Einstein condensates with Rashba-Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling by using the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. In one dimension, both in homogeneous and harmonically trapped systems, we report on stationary states containing doubly charged, static Josephson vortices. In multidimensional systems, we find stable Josephson vortices in a regime of parameters typical of current experiments with 87Rb atoms. In addition, we discuss the instability regime of Josephson vortices in disk-shaped condensates, where the snake instability operates and vortex dipoles emerge. We study the rich dynamics that they exhibit in different regimes of the spin-orbit-coupled condensate depending on the orientation of the Josephson vortices.

  4. Spin waves in the soft layer of exchange-coupled soft/hard bilayers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xiong, Zheng-min; Ge, Su-qin; Wang, Xi-guang; Li, Zhi-xiong; Xia, Qing-lin; Wang, Dao-wei; Nie, Yao-zhuang; Guo, Guang-hua, E-mail: [School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Tang, Wei [School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Suzhou Institute of Nano-tech and Nano-bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215123 (China); Zeng, Zhong-ming [Suzhou Institute of Nano-tech and Nano-bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215123 (China)


    The magnetic dynamical properties of the soft layer in exchange-coupled soft/hard bilayers have been investigated numerically using a one-dimensional atomic chain model. The frequencies and spatial profiles of spin wave eigenmodes are calculated during the magnetization reversal process of the soft layer. The spin wave modes exhibit a spatially modulated amplitude, which is especially evident for high-order modes. A dynamic pinning effect of surface magnetic moment is observed. The spin wave eigenfrequency decreases linearly with the increase of the magnetic field in the uniformly magnetized state and increases nonlinearly with field when spiral magnetization configuration is formed in the soft layer.

  5. Spin waves in the soft layer of exchange-coupled soft/hard bilayers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng-min Xiong


    Full Text Available The magnetic dynamical properties of the soft layer in exchange-coupled soft/hard bilayers have been investigated numerically using a one-dimensional atomic chain model. The frequencies and spatial profiles of spin wave eigenmodes are calculated during the magnetization reversal process of the soft layer. The spin wave modes exhibit a spatially modulated amplitude, which is especially evident for high-order modes. A dynamic pinning effect of surface magnetic moment is observed. The spin wave eigenfrequency decreases linearly with the increase of the magnetic field in the uniformly magnetized state and increases nonlinearly with field when spiral magnetization configuration is formed in the soft layer.

  6. Adiabatic states derived from a spin-coupled diabatic transformation: semiclassical trajectory study of photodissociation of HBr and the construction of potential curves for LiBr+. (United States)

    Valero, Rosendo; Truhlar, Donald G; Jasper, Ahren W


    The development of spin-coupled diabatic representations for theoretical semiclassical treatments of photodissociation dynamics is an important practical goal, and some of the assumptions required to carry this out may be validated by applications to simple systems. With this objective, we report here a study of the photodissociation dynamics of the prototypical HBr system using semiclassical trajectory methods. The valence (spin-free) potential energy curves and the permanent and transition dipole moments were computed using high-level ab initio methods and were transformed to a spin-coupled diabatic representation. The spin-orbit coupling used in the transformation was taken as that of atomic bromine at all internuclear distances. Adiabatic potential energy curves, nonadiabatic couplings and transition dipole moments were then obtained from the diabatic ones and were used in all the dynamics calculations. Nonadiabatic photodissociation probabilities were computed using three semiclassical trajectory methods, namely, coherent switching with decay of mixing (CSDM), fewest switches with time uncertainty (FSTU), and its recently developed variant with stochastic decoherence (FTSU/SD), each combined with semiclassical sampling of the initial vibrational state. The calculated branching fraction to the higher fine-structure level of the bromine atom is in good agreement with experiment and with more complete theoretical treatments. The present study, by comparing our new calculations to wave packet calculations with distance-dependent ab initio spin-orbit coupling, validates the semiclassical trajectory methods, the semiclassical initial state sample scheme, and the use of a distance-independent spin-orbit coupling for future applications to polyatomic photodissociation. Finally, using LiBr(+) as a model system, it is shown that accurate spin-coupled potential curves can also be constructed for odd-electron systems using the same strategy as for HBr.

  7. Localization of a spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensate in a bichromatic optical lattice (United States)

    Cheng, Yongshan; Tang, Gaohui; Adhikari, S. K.


    We study the localization of a noninteracting and weakly interacting Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) with spin-orbit coupling loaded in a quasiperiodic bichromatic optical lattice potential using the numerical solution and variational approximation of a binary mean-field Gross-Pitaevskii equation with two pseudospin components. We confirm the existence of the stationary localized states in the presence of the spin-orbit and Rabi couplings for an equal distribution of atoms in the two components. We find that the interaction between the spin-orbit and Rabi couplings favors the localization or delocalization of the BEC depending on the phase difference between the components. We also studied the oscillation dynamics of the localized states for an initial population imbalance between the two components.

  8. Attenuated coupled cluster: a heuristic polynomial similarity transformation incorporating spin symmetry projection into traditional coupled cluster theory (United States)

    Gomez, John A.; Henderson, Thomas M.; Scuseria, Gustavo E.


    In electronic structure theory, restricted single-reference coupled cluster (CC) captures weak correlation but fails catastrophically under strong correlation. Spin-projected unrestricted Hartree-Fock (SUHF), on the other hand, misses weak correlation but captures a large portion of strong correlation. The theoretical description of many important processes, e.g. molecular dissociation, requires a method capable of accurately capturing both weak- and strong correlation simultaneously, and would likely benefit from a combined CC-SUHF approach. Based on what we have recently learned about SUHF written as particle-hole excitations out of a symmetry-adapted reference determinant, we here propose a heuristic coupled cluster doubles model to attenuate the dominant spin collective channel of the quadratic terms in the coupled cluster equations. Proof of principle results presented here are encouraging and point to several paths forward for improving the method further.

  9. ESPC Coupled Global Prediction System (United States)


    spatially variable and realistic sea ice albedo . The coupled system has been used to a short hindcast for 2013 similar to the SEARCH results with...and thus affect stress calculations. COAMPS/NCOM/SWAN are still being used as a proxy here for NAVGEM/HYCOM/WW3, as the coupling infrastructure in

  10. Rashba induced spin multistability of the intersubband optical absorption in asymmetric coupled quantum wells (United States)

    Aceituno, P.; Hernández-Cabrera, A.


    We study the multistable behavior of the intersubband optical absorption for InSb-based tunnel-coupled quantum wells. We consider four sublevels coming from the splitting of the two deepest levels due to the inversion asymmetry of the structure (Rashba effect), and a weak external in-plane magnetic field (Zeeman effect). Photoexcitation with an intense terahertz pump produces the redistribution of nonequilibrium electrons among the four spin sublevels. The redistribution produces a photoinduced self-consistent potential, giving rise to the renormalization of energy distance between sublevels. Depending on total electron concentration, magnetic field intensity, and pumping efficiency, we find different multistable behaviors in the intersubband optical absorption spectrum. Based on the matrix density, we describe the electron redistribution by means of a system of balance equations for electron concentrations.

  11. Spinach - A software library for simulation of spin dynamics in large spin systems (United States)

    Hogben, H. J.; Krzystyniak, M.; Charnock, G. T. P.; Hore, P. J.; Kuprov, Ilya


    We introduce a software library incorporating our recent research into efficient simulation algorithms for large spin systems. Liouville space simulations (including symmetry, relaxation and chemical kinetics) of most liquid-state NMR experiments on 40+ spin systems can now be performed without effort on a desktop workstation. Much progress has also been made with improving the efficiency of ESR, solid state NMR and Spin Chemistry simulations. Spinach is available for download at

  12. Interplay of spin-orbit coupling, correlations, and crystal anisotropy in 5d oxides (United States)

    Hozoi, Liviu


    We investigate the correlated d-level electronic structure of 5 d Ir and Os oxide compounds by fully ab initio quantum-chemical many-body calculations on finite embedded clusters. The wave-function quantum-chemical methods provide a promising alternative to density-functional-based approaches to the electronic structure of solids. The computed d- d excitations in square-lattice, honeycomb, pyrochlore, and chain-like iridates compare well with recent RIXS (resonant inelastic x-ray scattering) data. We also perform a detailed analysis of the relativistic spin-orbit wave functions and compute observables such as the ground-state expectation value of the spin-orbit operator. The latter is in principle accessible from x-ray absorption and provides information on the role of t2 g- eg couplings in the ground-state wave function and on the strength of non-cubic fields that lift the degeneracy of the t2 g levels. As concerns the departure from cubic symmetry, interesting effects are found in A2Ir2O7 pyrochlores, where the highly anisotropic, hexagonal configuration of the adjacent A-site ions breaks cubic symmetry even in the absence of O-ligand trigonal distortions and moreover competes with the latter. Our findings open new perspectives in pyrochlore oxides. In 227 iridates, the outcome of this competition is decisive for the actual realization of any type of non-trivial topological ground state. In 227 spin systems with S > 1 / 2 , e.g., Cd2Os2O7, this interplay decides the sign of the single-ion anisotropy and the degree of magnetic frustration.

  13. Spin-orbit-coupling induced torque in ballistic domain walls: Equivalence of charge-pumping and nonequilibrium magnetization formalisms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yuan, Z.; Kelly, Paul J.


    To study the effect of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) on spin-transfer torque in magnetic materials, we have implemented two theoretical formalisms that can accommodate SOC. Using the “charge-pumping” formalism, we find two contributions to the out-of-plane spin-transfer torque parameter β in ballistic

  14. S3 HMBC hetero: Spin-State-Selective HMBC for accurate measurement of long-range heteronuclear coupling constants (United States)

    Hoeck, Casper; Gotfredsen, Charlotte H.; Sørensen, Ole W.


    A novel method, Spin-State-Selective (S3) HMBC hetero, for accurate measurement of heteronuclear coupling constants is introduced. The method extends the S3 HMBC technique for measurement of homonuclear coupling constants by appending a pulse sequence element that interchanges the polarization in 13C-1H methine pairs. This amounts to converting the spin-state selectivity from 1H spin states to 13C spin states in the spectra of long-range coupled 1H spins, allowing convenient measurement of heteronuclear coupling constants similar to other S3 or E.COSY-type methods. As usual in this type of techniques, the accuracy of coupling constant measurement is independent of the size of the coupling constant of interest. The merits of the new method are demonstrated by application to vinyl acetate, the alkaloid strychnine, and the carbohydrate methyl β-maltoside.

  15. Interplay of nonsymmorphic symmetry and spin-orbit coupling in hyperkagome spin liquids: Applications to Na4Ir3O8 (United States)

    Huang, Biao; Kim, Yong Baek; Lu, Yuan-Ming


    Na4Ir3O8 provides a material platform to study three-dimensional quantum spin liquids in the geometrically frustrated hyperkagome lattice of Ir4 + ions. In this work, we consider quantum spin liquids on a hyperkagome lattice for generic spin models, focusing on the effects of anisotropic spin interactions. In particular, we classify possible Z2 and U (1 ) spin liquid states, following the projective symmetry group analysis in the slave-fermion representation. There are only three distinct Z2 spin liquids, together with 2 different U (1 ) spin liquids. The nonsymmorphic space group symmetry of the hyperkagome lattice plays a vital role in simplifying the classification, forbidding "π -flux" or "staggered-flux" phases in contrast to symmorphic space groups. We further prove that both U (1 ) states and one Z2 state among all 3 are symmetry-protected gapless spin liquids, robust against any symmetry-preserving perturbations. Motivated by the "spin-freezing" behavior recently observed in Na4Ir3O8 at low temperatures, we further investigate the nearest-neighbor spin model with the dominant Heisenberg interaction subject to all possible anisotropic perturbations from spin-orbit couplings. We find that a U (1 ) spin liquid ground state with spinon Fermi surfaces is energetically favored over Z2 states. Among all spin-orbit coupling terms, we show that only the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction can induce spin anisotropy in the ground state when perturbing from the isotropic Heisenberg limit. Our work paves the way for a systematic study of quantum spin liquids in various materials with a hyperkagome crystal structure.

  16. Circuit-quantum electrodynamics with direct magnetic coupling to single-atom spin qubits in isotopically enriched 28Si

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Tosi


    Full Text Available Recent advances in silicon nanofabrication have allowed the manipulation of spin qubits that are extremely isolated from noise sources, being therefore the semiconductor equivalent of single atoms in vacuum. We investigate the possibility of directly coupling an electron spin qubit to a superconducting resonator magnetic vacuum field. By using resonators modified to increase the vacuum magnetic field at the qubit location, and isotopically purified 28Si substrates, it is possible to achieve coupling rates faster than the single spin dephasing. This opens up new avenues for circuit-quantum electrodynamics with spins, and provides a pathway for dispersive read-out of spin qubits via superconducting resonators.

  17. Quantized one-dimensional edge channels with strong spin-orbit coupling in 3D topological insulators


    Kastl, Christoph; Seifert, Paul; He, Xiaoyue; Wu, Kehui; Li, Yongqing; Holleitner, Alexander


    A strong coupling between the electron spin and its motion is one of the prerequisites of spin-based data storage and electronics. A major obstacle is to find spin-orbit coupled materials where the electron spin can be probed and manipulated on macroscopic length scales, for instance across the gate channel of a spin-transistor. Here, we report on millimeter-scale edge channels with a conductance quantized at a single quantum 1 $\\times$ $e^2/h$ at zero magnetic field. The quantum transport is...

  18. A study on the effect of neighboring protons in proton-coupled spin-lattice relaxation of methylene carbon-13 in n-undecane

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, C


    Proton coupled carbon-13 relaxation experiment was performed to investigate the effect of vicinal protons on spin-lattice relaxation of methylene carbon-13 in n-nudecane. A BIRD type pulse sequence was employed as a way to check the validity of describing sup 1 sup 3 CH sub 2 moiety as an isolated AX sub 2 spin system. The results show that the presence of vicinal protons exerts substantial influence on the relaxation of methylene carbon-13, indicating that it is not a very good approximation to treat a methylene moiety as an isolated AX sub 2 spin system.

  19. Coupled spin-valley-dynamics in singe-layer transition metal dichalcogenides (United States)

    Plechinger, Gerd; Nagler, Philipp; Schüller, Christian; Korn, Tobias

    Single layers of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) like MoS2 and WS2 can be produced by simple mechanical exfoliation. Offering a direct bandgap at the K-points in the Brillouin zone, they represent a promising semiconductor material for flexible and transparent optoelectronic applications. Due to inversion symmetry breaking together with strong spin-orbit-interaction, the valley and spin degrees of freedom are coupled in monolayer TMDCs. Via circularly polarized optical excitation, an efficient polarization of the K+ or the K- valley can be generated. Here, we investigate the dynamics of these coupled spin-valley polarizations in monolayer MoS2 and WS2 by means of photoluminescence spectroscopy and time-resolved Kerr rotation (TRKR). The results indicate a maximum achievable spin-valley-lifetime in these materials exceeding one nanosecond at low temperatures. Furthermore, we extract the dependence of the spin-valley lifetime on temperature. By varying the excitation energy, we reveal the excitonic resonances as well as the spin-polarized bandstructure around the K valleys common to monolayer TMDCs.

  20. Spin Seebeck effect in quantum dot side-coupled to topological superconductor. (United States)

    Weymann, Ireneusz


    The spin-resolved thermoelectric transport properties of a quantum dot coupled to ferromagnetic leads and side-coupled to a topological superconductor wire hosting Majorana zero-energy modes are studied theoretically. The calculations are performed in the linear response regime by using the numerical renormalization group method. It is shown that transport characteristics are determined by the interplay of Kondo correlations, exchange field due to the presence of ferromagnets and the strength of coupling to Majorana wire. These different energy scales are revealed in the behavior of the Seebeck and spin Seebeck coefficients, which exhibit an enhancement for temperatures of the order of the coupling strength to topological wire. Moreover, it is demonstrated that additional sign changes of the thermopower can occur due to the presence of Majorana zero-energy modes. These findings may provide additional fingerprints of the presence of Majorana fermions.

  1. Magnetically coupled system for mixing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, III, Harlan; Meichel, George; Legere, Edward; Malkiel, Edwin; Woods, Robert Paul; Ashley, Oliver; Katz, Joseph; Ward, Jason; Petersen, Paul


    The invention provides a mixing system comprising a magnetically coupled drive system and a foil for cultivating algae, or cyanobacteria, in an open or enclosed vessel. The invention provides effective mixing, low energy usage, low capital expenditure, and ease of drive system component maintenance while maintaining the integrity of a sealed mixing vessel.

  2. Constraints on long-range spin-gravity and monopole-dipole couplings of the proton (United States)

    Jackson Kimball, Derek F.; Dudley, Jordan; Li, Yan; Patel, Dilan; Valdez, Julian


    Results of a search for a long-range monopole-dipole coupling between the mass of the Earth and rubidium (Rb) nuclear spins are reported. The experiment simultaneously measures the spin precession frequencies of overlapping ensembles of 85Rb and 87Rb atoms contained within an evacuated, antirelaxation-coated vapor cell. The nuclear structure of the Rb isotopes makes the experiment particularly sensitive to spin-dependent interactions of the proton. The spin-dependent component of the gravitational energy of the proton in the Earth's field is found to be smaller than 3 ×10-18 eV , improving laboratory constraints on long-range monopole-dipole interactions by over 3 orders of magnitude.

  3. Quantum criticality in the coupled two-leg spin ladder Ba2CuTeO6 (United States)

    Glamazda, A.; Choi, Y. S.; Do, S.-H.; Lee, S.; Lemmens, P.; Ponomaryov, A. N.; Zvyagin, S. A.; Wosnitza, J.; Sari, Dita Puspita; Watanabe, I.; Choi, K.-Y.


    We report on zero-field muon spin rotation, electron-spin resonance, and polarized Raman scattering measurements of the coupled quantum spin ladder Ba2CuTeO6 . Zero-field muon spin rotation and electron-spin resonance probes disclose a successive crossover from a paramagnetic through a spin-liquid-like into a magnetically ordered state with decreasing temperature. More significantly, the two-magnon Raman response obeys a T -linear scaling relation in its peak energy, linewidth, and intensity. This critical scaling behavior presents an experimental signature of proximity to a quantum-critical point from an ordered side in Ba2CuTeO6 .

  4. Spin-charge-lattice coupling through resonant multimagnon excitations in multiferroic BiFeO3 (United States)

    Ramirez, M. O.; Kumar, A.; Denev, S. A.; Chu, Y. H.; Seidel, J.; Martin, L. W.; Yang, S.-Y.; Rai, R. C.; Xue, X. S.; Ihlefeld, J. F.; Podraza, N. J.; Saiz, E.; Lee, S.; Klug, J.; Cheong, S. W.; Bedzyk, M. J.; Auciello, O.; Schlom, D. G.; Orenstein, J.; Ramesh, R.; Musfeldt, J. L.; Litvinchuk, A. P.; Gopalan, V.


    Spin-charge-lattice coupling mediated by multimagnon processes is demonstrated in multiferroic BiFeO3. Experimental evidence of two- and three-magnon excitations as well as multimagnon coupling at electronic energy scales and high temperatures are reported. Temperature dependent Raman experiments show up to five resonant enhancements of the two-magnon excitation below the Néel temperature. These are shown to be collective interactions between on-site Fe d-d electronic resonance, phonons, and multimagnons.

  5. J Freezing and Hund's Rules in Spin-Orbit-Coupled Multiorbital Hubbard Models (United States)

    Kim, Aaram J.; Jeschke, Harald O.; Werner, Philipp; Valentí, Roser


    We investigate the phase diagram of the spin-orbit-coupled three orbital Hubbard model at arbitrary filling by means of dynamical mean-field theory combined with the continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo method. We find that the spin-freezing crossover occurring in the metallic phase of the nonrelativistic multiorbital Hubbard model can be generalized to a J -freezing crossover, with J =L +S , in the spin-orbit-coupled case. In the J -frozen regime the correlated electrons exhibit a nontrivial flavor selectivity and energy dependence. Furthermore, in the regions near n =2 and n =4 the metallic states are qualitatively different from each other, which reflects the atomic Hund's third rule. Finally, we explore the appearance of magnetic order from exciton condensation at n =4 and discuss the relevance of our results for real materials.

  6. Magnetotransport signatures of the proximity exchange and spin-orbit couplings in graphene (United States)

    Lee, Jeongsu; Fabian, Jaroslav


    Graphene on an insulating ferromagnetic substrate—ferromagnetic insulator or ferromagnetic metal with a tunnel barrier—is expected to exhibit large exchange and spin-orbit couplings due to proximity effects. We use a realistic transport model of charge-disorder scattering and solve the linearized Boltzmann equation numerically exactly for the anisotropic Fermi contours of modified Dirac electrons to find magnetotransport signatures of these proximity effects: proximity anisotropic magnetoresistance, inverse spin-galvanic effect, and the planar Hall resistivity. We establish the corresponding anisotropies due to the exchange and spin-orbit couplings, with respect to the magnetization orientation. We also present parameter maps guiding towards optimal regimes for observing transport magnetoanisotropies in proximity graphene.

  7. On-chip spin-controlled orbital angular momentum directional coupling (United States)

    Xie, Zhenwei; Lei, Ting; Si, Guangyuan; Du, Luping; Lin, Jiao; Min, Changjun; Yuan, Xiaocong


    Optical vortex beams have many potential applications in the particle trapping, quantum encoding, optical orbital angular momentum (OAM) communications and interconnects. However, the on-chip compact OAM detection is still a big challenge. Based on a holographic configuration and a spin-dependent structure design, we propose and demonstrate an on-chip spin-controlled OAM-mode directional coupler, which can couple the OAM signal to different directions due to its topological charge. While the directional coupling function can be switched on/off by altering the spin of incident beam. Both simulation and experimental measurements verify the validity of the proposed approach. This work would benefit the on-chip OAM devices for optical communications and high dimensional quantum coding/decoding in the future.

  8. Correlated calculations of indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants using second-order polarization propagator approximations: SOPPA and SOPPA(CCSD)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enevoldsen, Thomas; Oddershede, Jens; Sauer, Stephan P. A.


    We present correlated calculations of the indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants of HD, HF, H2O, CH4, C2H2, BH, AlH, CO and N2 at the level of the second-order polarization propagator approximation (SOPPA) and the second-order polarization propagator approximation with coupled-cluster sing......We present correlated calculations of the indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants of HD, HF, H2O, CH4, C2H2, BH, AlH, CO and N2 at the level of the second-order polarization propagator approximation (SOPPA) and the second-order polarization propagator approximation with coupled...

  9. Work exchange between quantum systems: the spin-oscillator model. (United States)

    Schröder, Heiko; Mahler, Günter


    With the development of quantum thermodynamics it has been shown that relaxation to thermal equilibrium and with it the concept of heat flux may emerge directly from quantum mechanics. This happens for a large class of quantum systems if embedded into another quantum environment. In this paper, we discuss the complementary question of the emergence of work flux from quantum mechanics. We introduce and discuss two different methods to assess the work source quality of a system, one based on the generalized factorization approximation, the other based on generalized definitions of work and heat. By means of those methods, we show that small quantum systems can, indeed, act as work reservoirs. We illustrate this behavior for a simple system consisting of a spin coupled to an oscillator and investigate the effects of two different interactions on the work source quality. One case will be shown to allow for a work source functionality of arbitrarily high quality.

  10. Implanting Strong Spin-Orbit Coupling at Magnetoelectric Interfaces (United States)


    synthesized and characterized. The key ingredients for the ME coupling were all implemented. 15. SUBJECT TERMS 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: a. REPORT b...structure along the z- and x-axis, respectively, as a function of the applied electric field along the x-axis. Given the stable structures and their...the methods is to construct a slab structure in VASP and apply an electric field across the slab to obtain the magnetic response. This method allows

  11. Spin-slip structure and central peak phenomena in singlet-doublet system: Praseodymium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgård, Per-Anker


    A theory is given for the central peaks observed in praseodymium, which is an effective singlet-doublet System of localized spins. The dominant peak is due to induced longitudinal magnetic ordering, which can be accounted for by mode-mode coupling theory. The second, broader peak is due to an ind......A theory is given for the central peaks observed in praseodymium, which is an effective singlet-doublet System of localized spins. The dominant peak is due to induced longitudinal magnetic ordering, which can be accounted for by mode-mode coupling theory. The second, broader peak is due...

  12. Effect of antiferromagnetic interfacial coupling on spin-wave resonance frequency of multi-layer film

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qiu, Rong-ke, E-mail:; Cai, Wei


    Highlights: • A quantum approach is developed to study the SWR of a bicomponent multi-layer films. • The comparison of the SWR in films with FM and AFM interfacial coupling has been made. • The present results show the method to enhance and adjust the SWR frequency of films. - Abstract: We investigate the spin-wave resonance (SWR) frequency in a bicomponent bilayer and triple-layer films with antiferromagnetic or ferromagnetic interfacial couplings, as function of interfacial coupling, surface anisotropy, interface anisotropy, thickness and external magnetic field, using the linear spin-wave approximation and Green’s function technique. The microwave properties for multi-layer magnetic film with antiferromagnetic interfacial coupling is different from those for multi-layer magnetic film with ferromagnetic interfacial coupling. For the bilayer film with antiferromagnetic interfacial couplings, as the lower (upper) surface anisotropy increases, only the SWR frequencies of the odd (even) number modes increase. The lower (upper) surface anisotropy does not affect the SWR frequencies of the even (odd) number modes{sub .} For the multi-layer film with antiferromagnetic interfacial coupling, the SWR frequency of modes m = 1, 3 and 4 decreases while that of mode m = 2 increases with increasing thickness of the film within a proper parameter region. The present results could be useful in enhancing our fundamental understanding and show the method to enhance and adjust the SWR frequency of bicomponent multi-layer magnetic films with antiferromagnetic or ferromagnetic interfacial coupling.

  13. Investigation of the field dependent spin structure of exchange coupled magnetic heterostructures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gurieva, Tatiana


    This thesis describes the investigation of the field dependent magnetic spin structure of an antiferromagnetically (AF) coupled Fe/Cr heterostructure sandwiched between a hardmagnetic FePt buffer layer and a softmagnetic Fe top layer. The depth-resolved experimental studies of this system were performed via Magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE), Vibrating Sample Magnetometry (VSM) and various measuring methods based on nuclear resonant scattering (NRS) technique. Nucleation and evolution of the magnetic spiral structure in the AF coupled Fe/Cr multilayer structure in an azimuthally rotating external magnetic field were observed using NRS. During the experiment a number of time-dependent magnetic side effects (magnetic after-effect, domain-wall creep effect) caused by the non-ideal structure of a real sample were observed and later explained. Creation of the magnetic spiral structure in rotating external magnetic field was simulated using a one-dimensional micromagnetic model.The cross-sectional magnetic X-ray diffraction technique was conceived and is theoretically described in the present work. This method allows to determine the magnetization state of an individual layer in the magnetic heterostructure. It is also applicable in studies of the magnetic structure of tiny samples where conventional x-ray reflectometry fails.

  14. Time-dependent tunneling of spin-polarized electrons in coupled quantum wells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cruz, H; Luis, D [Departamento de Fisica Basica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38204 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)], E-mail:


    We have solved the in-plane momentum-dependent effective-mass nonlinear Schroedinger equation for a spin-polarized electron wave packet in a InAs double quantum well system with an interlayer voltage. Considering a time-dependent Hartree potential, we have calculated the spin-polarized nonlinear electron dynamics between both quantum wells at different in-plane momentum values and applied bias. The spin-splitting caused by the Rashba effect is combined with the level matching between the spin dependent resonant tunneling levels making possible the observed local spin density oscillations which depend on the applied bias value. The filtering efficiency has been studied using time-dependent calculations.

  15. Communication: spin-orbit splittings in degenerate open-shell states via Mukherjee's multireference coupled-cluster theory: a measure for the coupling contribution. (United States)

    Mück, Leonie Anna; Gauss, Jürgen


    We propose a generally applicable scheme for the computation of spin-orbit (SO) splittings in degenerate open-shell systems using multireference coupled-cluster (MRCC) theory. As a specific method, Mukherjee's version of MRCC (Mk-MRCC) in conjunction with an effective mean-field SO operator is adapted for this purpose. An expression for the SO splittings is derived and implemented using Mk-MRCC analytic derivative techniques. The computed SO splittings are found to be in satisfactory agreement with experimental data. Due to the symmetry properties of the SO operator, SO splittings can be considered a quality measure for the coupling between reference determinants in Jeziorski-Monkhorst based MRCC methods. We thus provide numerical insights into the coupling problem of Mk-MRCC theory. © 2012 American Institute of Physics

  16. Spin-orbit coupling in InSb semiconductor nanowires: physical limits for majorana states (United States)

    Sipahi, Guilherme; de Campos, Tiago; Faria Junior, Paulo E.; Gmitra, Martin; Zutic, Igor; Fabian, Jaroslav

    The search for Majorana fermions is a hot subject nowadays. One of the possibilities for their realization is the use of semiconductor nanowires and p-type superconductors coupled together. Following this path, the first step is the determination of realistic band structures of these wires including spin-orbit effects. To consider the spin-orbit effects, its common to use models that take into account only the first conduction band. Although these reduced models have been successfully used to determine some physical properties, a more realistic description of the spin-orbit coupling between the bands is required to further investigate possible ways to realize the Majorana fermions. In this study we use a state of the art 14 band k.p formalism together with the envelope function approach to determine the band structure of InAs semiconductor nanowires and analyze how the quantum confinement change the coupling between the bands. As a result we have extracted the effective masses and the spin-orbit splitting for a large range of nanowire radial sizes and for several conduction bands that can be used in effective models. FAPESP (No. 2011/19333-4, No. 2012/05618-0 and No. 2013/23393-8), CNPq (No. 246549/2012-2 and No. 149904/2013-4), CAPES(PVE 88881.068174/2014-01) and DFG SFB 689.

  17. Spin-coupled charge dynamics in layered manganite crystals

    CERN Document Server

    Tokura, Y; Ishikawa, T


    Anisotropic charge dynamics has been investigated for single crystals of layered manganites, La sub 2 sub - sub 2 sub x Sr sub 1 sub + sub 2 sub x Mn sub 2 O sub 7 (0.3<=X<=0.5). Remarkable variations in the magnetic structure and in the charge-transport properties are observed by changing the doping level x . A crystal with x = 0.3 behaves like a 2-dimensional ferromagnetic metal in the temperature region between approx 90 K and approx 270 K and shows an interplane tunneling magnetoresistance at lower temperatures which is sensitive to the interplane magnetic coupling between the adjacent MnO sub 2 bilayers. Optical probing of these layered manganites has also clarified the highly anisotropic and incoherent charge dynamics.

  18. Spin-Lattice-Coupled Order in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets on the Pyrochlore Lattice. (United States)

    Aoyama, Kazushi; Kawamura, Hikaru


    Effects of local lattice distortions on the spin ordering are investigated for the antiferromagnetic classical Heisenberg model on the pyrochlore lattice. It is found by Monte Carlo simulations that the spin-lattice coupling (SLC) originating from site phonons induces a first-order transition into two different types of collinear magnetic ordered states. The state realized at the stronger SLC is cubic symmetric characterized by the magnetic (1/2,1/2,1/2) Bragg peaks, while that at the weaker SLC is tetragonal symmetric characterized by the (1,1,0) ones, each accompanied by the commensurate local lattice distortions. Experimental implications to chromium spinels are discussed.

  19. The energy-level crossing behavior and quantum Fisher information in a quantum well with spin-orbit coupling. (United States)

    Wang, Z H; Zheng, Q; Wang, Xiaoguang; Li, Yong


    We study the energy-level crossing behavior in a two-dimensional quantum well with the Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit couplings (SOCs). By mapping the SOC Hamiltonian onto an anisotropic Rabi model, we obtain the approximate ground state and its quantum Fisher information (QFI) via performing a unitary transformation. We find that the energy-level crossing can occur in the quantum well system within the available parameters rather than in cavity and circuit quantum eletrodynamics systems. Furthermore, the influence of two kinds of SOCs on the QFI is investigated and an intuitive explanation from the viewpoint of the stationary perturbation theory is given.

  20. Spin systems and Political Districting Problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chou, C.-I [Department of Physics, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan 111 (China)]. E-mail:; Li, S.-P. [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 115 (China)


    The aim of the Political Districting Problem is to partition a territory into electoral districts subject to some constraints such as contiguity, population equality, etc. In this paper, we apply statistical physics methods to Political Districting Problem. We will show how to transform the political problem to a spin system, and how to write down a q-state Potts model-like energy function in which the political constraints can be written as interactions between sites or external fields acting on the system. Districting into q voter districts is equivalent to finding the ground state of this q-state Potts model. Searching for the ground state becomes an optimization problem, where optimization algorithms such as the simulated annealing method and Genetic Algorithm can be employed here.

  1. Multiple Majorana zero modes in atomic Fermi double wires with spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Wang, Liang-Liang; Gong, Ming; Liu, W.-M.


    Majorana zero modes, quasiparticles with non-Abelian statistics, have gained increasing interest for their fundamental role as building blocks in topological quantum computation. Previous studies have mainly focused on two well-separated Majorana zero modes, which could form two degenerate states serving as one nonlocal qubit for fault-tolerant quantum memory. However, creating and manipulating multiple Majorana zero modes, which could encode more qubits, remain an ongoing research topic. Here we report that multiple Majorana zero modes can exist in atomic Fermi double wires with spin-orbit coupling and perpendicular Zeeman field. This system belongs to the topological BDI class, thus all the topological superfluids are classified by integer numbers. Especially, diverse topological superfluids can be formed in a trap, where the zero energy modes can be found at the interfaces between different topological superfluids. The structure of these zero energy modes in the trap can be engineered by the trapping potential as well as other system parameters. This system would be a significant step towards utilization of Majorana zero modes in quantum computation.

  2. Current-induced spin-orbit torques in ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic systems

    KAUST Repository

    Manchon, Aurelien


    Spin-orbit coupling in inversion-asymmetric magnetic crystals and structures has emerged as a powerful tool to generate complex magnetic textures, interconvert charge and spin under applied current, and control magnetization dynamics. Current-induced spin-orbit torques mediate the transfer of angular momentum from the lattice to the spin system, leading to sustained magnetic oscillations or switching of ferromagnetic as well as antiferromagnetic structures. The manipulation of magnetic order, domain walls and skyrmions by spin-orbit torques provides evidence of the microscopic interactions between charge and spin in a variety of materials and opens novel strategies to design spintronic devices with potentially high impact in data storage, nonvolatile logic, and magnonic applications. This paper reviews recent progress in the field of spin-orbitronics, focusing on theoretical models, material properties, and experimental results obtained on bulk noncentrosymmetric conductors and multilayer heterostructures, including metals, semiconductors, and topological insulator systems. Relevant aspects for improving the understanding and optimizing the efficiency of nonequilibrium spin-orbit phenomena in future nanoscale devices are also discussed.

  3. The spin-half XXZ antiferromagnet on the square lattice revisited: A high-order coupled cluster treatment (United States)

    Bishop, R. F.; Li, P. H. Y.; Zinke, R.; Darradi, R.; Richter, J.; Farnell, D. J. J.; Schulenburg, J.


    We use the coupled cluster method (CCM) to study the ground-state properties and lowest-lying triplet excited state of the spin-half XXZ antiferromagnet on the square lattice. The CCM is applied to it to high orders of approximation by using an efficient computer code that has been written by us and which has been implemented to run on massively parallelized computer platforms. We are able therefore to present precise data for the basic quantities of this model over a wide range of values for the anisotropy parameter Δ in the range - 1 ≤ Δ 1) regimes, where Δ → ∞ represents the Ising limit. We present results for the ground-state energy, the sublattice magnetization, the zero-field transverse magnetic susceptibility, the spin stiffness, and the triplet spin gap. Our results provide a useful yardstick against which other approximate methods and/or experimental studies of relevant antiferromagnetic square-lattice compounds may now compare their own results. We also focus particular attention on the behaviour of these parameters for the easy-axis system in the vicinity of the isotropic Heisenberg point (Δ = 1) , where the model undergoes a phase transition from a gapped state (for Δ > 1) to a gapless state (for Δ ≤ 1), and compare our results there with those from spin-wave theory (SWT). Interestingly, the nature of the criticality at Δ = 1 for the present model with spins of spin quantum number s =1/2 that is revealed by our CCM results seems to differ qualitatively from that predicted by SWT, which becomes exact only for its near-classical large-s counterpart.

  4. Forbidden coherent transfer observed between two realizations of quasiharmonic spin systems (United States)

    Bertaina, S.; Yue, G.; Dutoit, C.-E.; Chiorescu, I.


    The multilevel system Mn 2 + 55 is used to generate two pseudoharmonic level systems, as representations of the same electronic sextuplet at different nuclear spin projections. The systems are coupled using a forbidden nuclear transition induced by the crystalline anisotropy. We demonstrate Rabi oscillations between the two representations in conditions similar to two coupled pseudoharmonic quantum oscillators. Rabi oscillations are performed at a detuned pumping frequency which matches the energy difference between electronuclear states of different oscillators. We measure a coupling stronger than the decoherence rate to indicate the possibility of fast information exchange between the systems.

  5. Controlling the critical temperature of superconducting hybrid structures with spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Ouassou, Jabir Ali; Jacobsen, Sol; Linder, Jacob

    Based on our recent publication Phys. Rev. B 92 024510 (2015), we present theoretical predictions for the effect of spin-orbit coupling on the critical temperature of superconductor/ferromagnet bilayers. More specifically, we consider mesoscopic diffusive bilayers where the ferromagnet has (i) pure Rashba coupling and (ii) Rashba-Dresselhaus coupling, and show that one can achieve a superconducting spin-valve effect in both of these structures. Furthermore, it is shown that if the Rashba and Dresselhaus coupling have similar magnitudes, the critical temperature of the bilayer can change with over 35 percent as the in-plane magnetization is rotated by 90 degrees. In contrast to existing designs for superconducting spin-valves which require inhomogeneous magnetization, such as having multiple layers with noncollinear magnetizations, the critical temperature in our proposed setup is tunable with one single homogeneous ferromagnet. Thus, these results highlight a new way to exert control over superconductivity in proximity structures, which may prove easier to manufacture and control than the existing designs.

  6. Spin-dependent heat and thermoelectric currents in a Rashba ring coupled to a photon cavity (United States)

    Abdullah, Nzar Rauf; Tang, Chi-Shung; Manolescu, Andrei; Gudmundsson, Vidar


    Spin-dependent heat and thermoelectric currents in a quantum ring with Rashba spin-orbit interaction placed in a photon cavity are theoretically calculated. The quantum ring is coupled to two external leads with different temperatures. In a resonant regime, with the ring structure in resonance with the photon field, the heat and the thermoelectric currents can be controlled by the Rashba spin-orbit interaction. The heat current is suppressed in the presence of the photon field due to contribution of the two-electron and photon replica states to the transport while the thermoelectric current is not sensitive to changes in parameters of the photon field. Our study opens a possibility to use the proposed interferometric device as a tunable heat current generator in the cavity photon field.

  7. Time-dependent spin and charge transport in Floquet topological insulator based on graphene nanoribbons with proximity induced spin-orbit coupling from transition metal dichalcogenides (United States)

    Popescu, Bogdan; Chen, Son-Hsien; Nikolic, Branislav

    The investigation of time-resolved phenomena in nanodevices is a topical research subject. To this end, an efficient algorithm, based on time-dependent nonequilibrium Green's functions (TDNEGF) was recently developed in Ref.. This approach converts the TDNEGF equations into an initial-value problem for the reduced density matrix (RDO) and auxiliary quantities. Moreover, since the RDO is propagated, all information on dynamics is accessible at each time step without extra effort. In this study, we employ the algorithm of Ref. to investigate spin and charge transport in graphene nanoribbons (GNR), with proximity induced spin-orbit coupling (SOC) from transition metal dichalcogenides underneath the ribbon, which are irradiated by circularly polarized light and attached to Fermi liquid reservoirs via semi-infinite ideal GNR leads. The usage of such leads bypasses ambiguities in defining the nonequilibrium occupations of the Floquet states, while discretization of the lead self-energies by a fitting procedure describes the system-lead coupling as reflectionless. We also compare long-time limit of TDNEGF algorithm with Floquet-NEGF approach of Ref.. NSF Grant No. ECCS 1566074.

  8. Sensitive J-coupled metabolite mapping using Sel-MQC with selective multi-spin-echo readout. (United States)

    Melkus, Gerd; Mörchel, Philipp; Behr, Volker C; Kotas, Markus; Flentje, Michael; Jakob, Peter M


    The selective multiple quantum coherence technique is combined with a read gradient to accelerate the measurement of a specific scalar-coupled metabolite. The sensitivities of the localization using pure phase encoding and localization with the read gradient are compared in experiments at high magnetic field strength (17.6 T). Multiple spin-echoes of the selective multiple quantum coherence edited metabolite are acquired using frequency-selective refocusing of the specified molecule group. The frequency-selective refocusing does not affect the J-modulation of a coupled spin system, and the echo time is not limited to a multiple of 1/J to acquire pure in-phase or antiphase signal. The multiple echoes can be used to accelerate the metabolite imaging experiment or to measure the apparent transverse relaxation T(2). A simple phase-shifting scheme is presented, which enables the suppression of editing artifacts resulting from the multiple spin-echoes of the water resonance. The experiments are carried out on phantoms, in which lactate and polyunsaturated fatty acids are edited, and in vivo on tumors, in which lactate content and T(2) are imaged. The method is of particular interest when a fast and sensitive selective multiple quantum coherence editing is necessary, e.g., for spatial three dimensional experiments. (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  9. Maximal Rashba-like spin splitting via kinetic-energy-coupled inversion-symmetry breaking (United States)

    Sunko, Veronika; Rosner, H.; Kushwaha, P.; Khim, S.; Mazzola, F.; Bawden, L.; Clark, O. J.; Riley, J. M.; Kasinathan, D.; Haverkort, M. W.; Kim, T. K.; Hoesch, M.; Fujii, J.; Vobornik, I.; MacKenzie, A. P.; King, P. D. C.


    Engineering and enhancing the breaking of inversion symmetry in solids—that is, allowing electrons to differentiate between ‘up’ and ‘down’—is a key goal in condensed-matter physics and materials science because it can be used to stabilize states that are of fundamental interest and also have potential practical applications. Examples include improved ferroelectrics for memory devices and materials that host Majorana zero modes for quantum computing. Although inversion symmetry is naturally broken in several crystalline environments, such as at surfaces and interfaces, maximizing the influence of this effect on the electronic states of interest remains a challenge. Here we present a mechanism for realizing a much larger coupling of inversion-symmetry breaking to itinerant surface electrons than is typically achieved. The key element is a pronounced asymmetry of surface hopping energies—that is, a kinetic-energy-coupled inversion-symmetry breaking, the energy scale of which is a substantial fraction of the bandwidth. Using spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we demonstrate that such a strong inversion-symmetry breaking, when combined with spin–orbit interactions, can mediate Rashba-like spin splittings that are much larger than would typically be expected. The energy scale of the inversion-symmetry breaking that we achieve is so large that the spin splitting in the CoO2- and RhO2-derived surface states of delafossite oxides becomes controlled by the full atomic spin–orbit coupling of the 3d and 4d transition metals, resulting in some of the largest known Rashba-like spin splittings. The core structural building blocks that facilitate the bandwidth-scaled inversion-symmetry breaking are common to numerous materials. Our findings therefore provide opportunities for creating spin-textured states and suggest routes to interfacial control of inversion-symmetry breaking in designer heterostructures of oxides and other material classes.

  10. The spin-free analogue of Mukherjee's state-specific multireference coupled cluster theory. (United States)

    Datta, Dipayan; Mukherjee, Debashis


    In this paper, we develop a rigorously spin-adapted version of Mukherjee's state-specific multireference coupled cluster theory (SS-MRCC, also known as Mk-MRCC) [U. S. Mahapatra, B. Datta, and D. Mukherjee, J. Chem. Phys. 110, 6171 (1999)] for reference spaces comprising open-shell configurations. The principal features of our approach are as follows: (1) The wave operator Ω is written as Ω = ∑(μ)Ω(μ)|φ(μ)>c(μ), where {φ(μ)} is the set of configuration state functions spanning a complete active space. (2) In contrast to the Jeziorski-Monkhorst Ansatz in spin-orbital basis, we write Ω(μ) as a power series expansion of cluster operators R(μ) defined in terms of spin-free unitary generators. (3) The operators R(μ) are either closed-shell-like n hole-n particle excitations (denoted as T(μ)) or they involve valence (active) destruction operators (denoted as S(μ)); these latter type of operators can have active-active scatterings, which can also carry the same active orbital labels (such S(μ)'s are called to have spectator excitations). (4) To simulate multiple excitations involving powers of cluster operators, we allow the S(μ)'s carrying the same active orbital labels to contract among themselves. (5) We exclude S(μ)'s with direct spectator scatterings. (6) Most crucially, the factors associated with contracted composites are chosen as the inverse of the number of ways the S(μ)'s can be joined among one another leading to the same excitation. The factors introduced in (6) have been called the automorphic factors by us. One principal thrust of this paper is to show that the use of the automorphic factors imparts a remarkable simplicity to the final amplitude equations: the equations consist of terms that are at most quartic in cluster amplitudes, barring only a few. In close analogy to the Mk-MRCC theory, the inherent linear dependence of the cluster amplitudes leading to redundancy is resolved by invoking sufficiency conditions, which are exact

  11. Mixed spin-3/2 and spin-5/2 Ising system on the Bethe lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albayrak, Erhan [Erciyes University, Department of Physics, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey)]. E-mail:; Yigit, Ali [Erciyes University, Department of Physics, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey)


    In order to study the critical behaviors of the half-integer mixed spin-3/2 and spin-5/2 Blume-Capel Ising ferrimagnetic system, we have used the exact recursion relations on the Bethe lattice. The system was studied for the coordination numbers with q=3, 4, 5 and 6, and the obtained phase diagrams are illustrated on the (kT{sub c}/|J|,D{sub A}/|J|) plane for constant values of D{sub B}/|J|, the reduced crystal field of the sublattice with spin-5/2, and on the (kT{sub c}/|J|,D{sub B}/|J|) plane for constant values of D{sub A}/|J|, the reduced crystal field of the sublattice with spin-3/2, for q=3 only, since the cases corresponding to q=4, 5 and 6 reproduce results similar to the case for q=3. In addition we have also presented the phase diagram with equal strengths of the crystal fields for q=3, 4, 5 and 6. Besides the second- and first-order phase transitions, the system also exhibits compensation temperatures for appropriate values of the crystal fields. In this mixed spin system while the second-order phase transition lines never cut the reduced crystal field axes as in the single spin type spin-3/2 and spin-5/2 Ising models separately, the first-order phase transition lines never connect to the second-order phase transition lines and they end at the critical points, therefore the system does not give any tricritical points. In addition to this, this mixed-spin model exhibits one or two compensation temperatures depending on the values of the crystal fields, as a result the compensation temperature lines show reentrant behavior.

  12. Consequences of interpersonal spin on couple-relevant goal progress and relationship satisfaction in romantic relationships. (United States)

    Sadikaj, Gentiana; Rappaport, Lance M; Moskowitz, D S; Zuroff, David C; Koestner, Richard; Powers, Theodore


    Large fluctuations in a person's interpersonal behavior across situations and over time are thought to be associated with poor personal and interpersonal outcomes. This study examined 2 outcomes, relationship satisfaction and goal progress, that could be associated with individual differences in dispersion of interpersonal behavior (interpersonal spin) in romantic relationships. Need satisfaction and perceived autonomy support for goal pursuit from the partner were examined as mediator variables. Spin was measured using an event-contingent recording (ECR) methodology with a sample of 93 cohabiting couples who reported their interpersonal behavior in interactions with each other during a 20-day period. Relationship satisfaction and goal completion were measured at the end of the ECR procedure (T2) and approximately 7 months after the ECR (T3). Need satisfaction and perceived autonomy support were measured at T2. In both genders, higher spin was associated with lower T2 relationship satisfaction. There was also a decline in relationship satisfaction from T2 to T3 among men with high spin partners. In both genders, higher spin was associated with lower need satisfaction, and lower need satisfaction was associated with a decline in relationship satisfaction from T2 to T3. In both genders, higher spin was associated with lower perceived autonomy support, and lower support was associated with decreased progress in goal completion from T2 to T3. The effects of spin were independent of the effects of mean levels of behavior. These findings extend the understanding of the detrimental consequences of dispersion in interpersonal behavior to the disruption of the person's romantic relationships. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  13. Simulating Chiral Magnetic and Separation Effects with Spin-Orbit Coupled Atomic Gases (United States)

    Huang, Xu-Guang


    The chiral magnetic and chiral separation effects—quantum-anomaly-induced electric current and chiral current along an external magnetic field in parity-odd quark-gluon plasma—have received intense studies in the community of heavy-ion collision physics. We show that analogous effects occur in rotating trapped Fermi gases with Weyl-Zeeman spin-orbit coupling where the rotation plays the role of an external magnetic field. These effects can induce a mass quadrupole in the atomic cloud along the rotation axis which may be tested in future experiments. Our results suggest that the spin-orbit coupled atomic gases are potential simulators of the chiral magnetic and separation effects.

  14. Dynamical correlation functions of the quadratic coupling spin-Boson model (United States)

    Zheng, Da-Chuan; Tong, Ning-Hua


    The spin-boson model with quadratic coupling is studied using the bosonic numerical renormalization group method. We focus on the dynamical auto-correlation functions {C}O(ω ), with the operator \\hat{O} taken as {\\hat{{{σ }}}}x, {\\hat{{{σ }}}}z, and \\hat{X}, respectively. In the weak-coupling regime α qualitatively, showing enhanced dephasing at the spin flip point. Project supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2012CB921704), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11374362), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China, and the Research Funds of Renmin University of China (Grant No. 15XNLQ03).

  15. Zitterbewegung with spin-orbit coupled ultracold atoms in a fluctuating optical lattice (United States)

    Argonov, V. Yu; Makarov, D. V.


    The dynamics of non-interacting ultracold atoms with artificial spin-orbit coupling is considered. Spin-orbit coupling is created using two moving optical lattices with orthogonal polarizations. Our main goal is to study influence of lattice noise on Rabi oscillations. Special attention is paid to the phenomenon of the Zitterbewegung being trembling motion caused by Rabi transitions between states with different velocities. Phase and amplitude fluctuations of lattices are modelled by means of the two-dimensional stochastic Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process, also known as harmonic noise. In the the noiseless case the problem is solved analytically in terms of the momentum representation. It is shown that lattice noise significantly extends duration of the Zitterbewegung as compared to the noiseless case. This effect originates from noise-induced decoherence of Rabi oscillations.

  16. Hidden long-range order in a two-dimensional spin-orbit coupled Bose gas

    CERN Document Server

    Su, Shih-Wei; Gou, Shih-Chuan; Liao, Renyuan; Fialko, Oleksandr; Brand, Joachim


    A two-dimensional spin-orbit coupled Bose gas is shown to simultaneously possess quasi and true long-range orders in the total and relative phases, respectively. The total phase undergoes a conventional Berenzinskii- Kosterlitz-Thouless transition, where an quasi long-range order is expected. Additionally, the relative phase undergoes an Ising-type transition building up true long-range order, which is induced by the anisotropic spin- orbit coupling. Based on the Bogoliubov approach, expressions for the total- and relative-phase fluctuations are derived analytically for the low temperature regime. Numerical simulations of the stochastic projected Gross- Pitaevskii equation give a good agreement with the analytical predictions.

  17. Superstripes and the Excitation Spectrum of a Spin-Orbit-Coupled Bose-Einstein Condensate (United States)

    Li, Yun; Martone, Giovanni I.; Pitaevskii, Lev P.; Stringari, Sandro


    Using Bogoliubov theory we calculate the excitation spectrum of a spinor Bose-Einstein condensed gas with an equal Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling in the stripe phase. The emergence of a double gapless band structure is pointed out as a key signature of Bose-Einstein condensation and of the spontaneous breaking of translational invariance symmetry. In the long wavelength limit the lower and upper branches exhibit, respectively, a clear spin and density nature. For wave vectors close to the first Brillouin zone, the lower branch acquires an important density character responsible for the divergent behavior of the structure factor and of the static response function, reflecting the occurrence of crystalline order. The sound velocities are calculated as functions of the Raman coupling for excitations propagating orthogonal and parallel to the stripes. Our predictions provide new perspectives for the identification of supersolid phenomena in ultracold atomic gases.

  18. The effect of uniform spin-orbit coupling and uniform Zeeman magnetic field on the topological properties of one-dimensional dimerized nano wire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Bahari


    Full Text Available We theoretically demonstrate the interplay of uniform spin-orbit coupling and uniform Zeeman magnetic field on the topological properties of one-dimensional double well nano wire which is known as Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH model. The system in the absence of Zeeman magnetic field and presence of uniform spin-orbit coupling exhibits topologically trivial/non–trivial insulator depending on the hopping amplitudes and spin-orbit coupling strength. Topological phases of this system can be determined by integers  which are related to the Zak phase of occupied Bloch bands. In the phase diagram, there are three different regions with topologically distinct phases. The system is non-trivial insulator in two of them whereas one of the regions is related to the topologically trivial insulator. We find that the topologically trivial phase in the presence of both uniform spin-orbit coupling and uniform Zeeman magnetic field changes to a topologically non-trivial phase. The number of symmetry protected zero-energy edge states under open boundary conditions are also calculated, which suggest that the topological number  reduces to the  when applying Zeeman field. Furthermore, the symmetries of the Hamiltonian are investigated, implying that the system has time-reversal, particle-hole, chiral and inversion symmetries and belongs to the BDI class either in the presence or absence of uniform Zeeman magnetic field.

  19. Spin diffusion from an inhomogeneous quench in an integrable system (United States)

    Ljubotina, Marko; Žnidarič, Marko; Prosen, Tomaž


    Generalized hydrodynamics predicts universal ballistic transport in integrable lattice systems when prepared in generic inhomogeneous initial states. However, the ballistic contribution to transport can vanish in systems with additional discrete symmetries. Here we perform large scale numerical simulations of spin dynamics in the anisotropic Heisenberg XXZ spin 1/2 chain starting from an inhomogeneous mixed initial state which is symmetric with respect to a combination of spin reversal and spatial reflection. In the isotropic and easy-axis regimes we find non-ballistic spin transport which we analyse in detail in terms of scaling exponents of the transported magnetization and scaling profiles of the spin density. While in the easy-axis regime we find accurate evidence of normal diffusion, the spin transport in the isotropic case is clearly super-diffusive, with the scaling exponent very close to 2/3, but with universal scaling dynamics which obeys the diffusion equation in nonlinearly scaled time.

  20. Spin Current Noise of the Spin Seebeck Effect and Spin Pumping. (United States)

    Matsuo, M; Ohnuma, Y; Kato, T; Maekawa, S


    We theoretically investigate the fluctuation of a pure spin current induced by the spin Seebeck effect and spin pumping in a normal-metal-(NM-)ferromagnet(FM) bilayer system. Starting with a simple ferromagnet-insulator-(FI-)NM interface model with both spin-conserving and non-spin-conserving processes, we derive general expressions of the spin current and the spin-current noise at the interface within second-order perturbation of the FI-NM coupling strength, and estimate them for a yttrium-iron-garnet-platinum interface. We show that the spin-current noise can be used to determine the effective spin carried by a magnon modified by the non-spin-conserving process at the interface. In addition, we show that it provides information on the effective spin of a magnon, heating at the interface under spin pumping, and spin Hall angle of the NM.

  1. Classical ground states of symmetric Heisenberg spin systems

    CERN Document Server

    Schmidt, H J


    We investigate the ground states of classical Heisenberg spin systems which have point group symmetry. Examples are the regular polygons (spin rings) and the seven quasi-regular polyhedra including the five Platonic solids. For these examples, ground states with special properties, e.g. coplanarity or symmetry, can be completely enumerated using group-theoretical methods. For systems having coplanar (anti-) ground states with vanishing total spin we also calculate the smallest and largest energies of all states having a given total spin S. We find that these extremal energies depend quadratically on S and prove that, under certain assumptions, this happens only for systems with coplanar S = 0 ground states. For general systems the corresponding parabolas represent lower and upper bounds for the energy values. This provides strong support and clarifies the conditions for the so-called rotational band structure hypothesis which has been numerically established for many quantum spin systems.

  2. PREFACE: Strongly Coupled Coulomb Systems Strongly Coupled Coulomb Systems (United States)

    Neilson, David; Senatore, Gaetano


    This special issue contains papers presented at the International Conference on Strongly Coupled Coulomb Systems (SCCS), held from 29 July-2 August 2008 at the University of Camerino. Camerino is an ancient hill-top town located in the Apennine mountains of Italy, 200 kilometres northeast of Rome, with a university dating back to 1336. The Camerino conference was the 11th in a series which started in 1977: 1977: Orleans-la-Source, France, as a NATO Advanced Study Institute on Strongly Coupled Plasmas (hosted by Marc Feix and Gabor J Kalman) 1982: Les Houches, France (hosted by Marc Baus and Jean-Pierre Hansen) 1986: Santa Cruz, California, USA (hosted by Forrest J Rogers and Hugh E DeWitt) 1989: Tokyo, Japan (hosted by Setsuo Ichimaru) 1992: Rochester, New York, USA (hosted by Hugh M Van Horn and Setsuo Ichimaru) 1995: Binz, Germany (hosted by Wolf Dietrich Kraeft and Manfred Schlanges) 1997: Boston, Massachusetts, USA (hosted by Gabor J Kalman) 1999: St Malo, France (hosted by Claude Deutsch and Bernard Jancovici) 2002: Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA (hosted by John F Benage and Michael S Murillo) 2005: Moscow, Russia (hosted by Vladimir E Fortov and Vladimir Vorob'ev). The name of the series was changed in 1996 from Strongly Coupled Plasmas to Strongly Coupled Coulomb Systems to reflect a wider range of topics. 'Strongly Coupled Coulomb Systems' encompasses diverse many-body systems and physical conditions. The purpose of the conferences is to provide a regular international forum for the presentation and discussion of research achievements and ideas relating to a variety of plasma, liquid and condensed matter systems that are dominated by strong Coulomb interactions between their constituents. Each meeting has seen an evolution of topics and emphases that have followed new discoveries and new techniques. The field has continued to see new experimental tools and access to new strongly coupled conditions, most recently in the areas of warm matter, dusty plasmas

  3. A spin reversal system for polarized epithermal neutrons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bowman, J.D. [Los Alamos Nat. Lab., NM (United States); Penttilae, S.I. [Los Alamos Nat. Lab., NM (United States); Tippens, W.B. [University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States)


    The design and construction of a spin-reversal system for longitudinally polarized epithermal neutrons are presented. The design uses a static magnetic field parallel to the momentum of the neutron. The longitudinal field changes the direction at its midpoint. A transverse magnetic field is turned off to control the spin direction at the end of the spin flipper. The neutron spin is reversed with respect to both the neutron momentum and the static longitudinal field at the exit of the spin flipper. In the transverse field-on state the spin adiabatically follows the field direction and the spin direction is reversed. In the transverse field-off state the spin passes rapidly through the region where the solenoidal field reverses the sign and the spin direction is not reversed. With this design, the spins of an 8-cm-diameter beam of longitudinally polarized neutrons can be reversed with an efficiency greater than 88% over a range of neutron energies of more than four orders of magnitude. (orig.).

  4. Room-temperature storage of quantum entanglement using decoherence-free subspace in a solid-state spin system (United States)

    Wang, F.; Huang, Y.-Y.; Zhang, Z.-Y.; Zu, C.; Hou, P.-Y.; Yuan, X.-X.; Wang, W.-B.; Zhang, W.-G.; He, L.; Chang, X.-Y.; Duan, L.-M.


    We experimentally demonstrate room-temperature storage of quantum entanglement using two nuclear spins weakly coupled to the electronic spin carried by a single nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond. We realize universal quantum gate control over the three-qubit spin system and produce entangled states in the decoherence-free subspace of the two nuclear spins. By injecting arbitrary collective noise, we demonstrate that the decoherence-free entangled state has coherence time longer than that of other entangled states by an order of magnitude in our experiment.

  5. Tensor order parameters for magnetic-structural phase transitions in crystals with strong spin-lattice coupling (United States)

    Birman, Joseph L.; Izyumov, Yuri A.


    We formulate the thermodynamic theory of phase transitions in magnetically ordered systems in terms of a tensor, or coupled, order parameter. This basis is constructed by coupling atomic spin and lattice displacement. Symmetry lowering is predicted at the second-order phase transition point (tricritical points are not considered here). Lower-symmetry phases should in general be classified according to the Shubnikov symmetry space group Sh, which will reveal the total broken symmetry due to the coupled order parameter. In case the apparatus is "blind" to one portion of the order parameter: either spin or displacement, the apparent symmetry group will not be Sh, but a related space group, which will reveal "partial information." Comparing this formulation and the usual (uncoupled) theory, new results are obtained here: for example "pseudoscalar order parameters" can arise and different "symmetry-broken" groups. An illustration is given by applying the formulation to the spinel-structure space group: O7h-Fd3m. It is conjectured that for TbNi2 the tensor order parameter Γ1- may be relevant, so that the phase transition which has been identified as O7h-->Sh101166 may actually be O7h-->Sh132227, caused by a pseudoscalar.

  6. Spin-orbit torques from interfacial spin-orbit coupling for various interfaces

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kim, K.W.; Lee, K.J.; Sinova, Jairo; Lee, H. W.; Stiles, M.D.


    Roč. 96, č. 10 (2017), s. 1-23, č. článku 104438. ISSN 2469-9950 EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 610115 - SC2 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : topological insulator * domain-walls * magnitude * transport * systems Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.836, year: 2016

  7. SD-CAS: Spin Dynamics by Computer Algebra System. (United States)

    Filip, Xenia; Filip, Claudiu


    A computer algebra tool for describing the Liouville-space quantum evolution of nuclear 1/2-spins is introduced and implemented within a computational framework named Spin Dynamics by Computer Algebra System (SD-CAS). A distinctive feature compared with numerical and previous computer algebra approaches to solving spin dynamics problems results from the fact that no matrix representation for spin operators is used in SD-CAS, which determines a full symbolic character to the performed computations. Spin correlations are stored in SD-CAS as four-entry nested lists of which size increases linearly with the number of spins into the system and are easily mapped into analytical expressions in terms of spin operator products. For the so defined SD-CAS spin correlations a set of specialized functions and procedures is introduced that are essential for implementing basic spin algebra operations, such as the spin operator products, commutators, and scalar products. They provide results in an abstract algebraic form: specific procedures to quantitatively evaluate such symbolic expressions with respect to the involved spin interaction parameters and experimental conditions are also discussed. Although the main focus in the present work is on laying the foundation for spin dynamics symbolic computation in NMR based on a non-matrix formalism, practical aspects are also considered throughout the theoretical development process. In particular, specific SD-CAS routines have been implemented using the YACAS computer algebra package (, and their functionality was demonstrated on a few illustrative examples. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Vibronic coupling in icosahedral systems

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, R


    consideration. In this thesis, an explanation based on the competition between the two tunneling paths on the lowest APES is proposed. It is assumed that tunneling occurs along paths of steepest descent. The reversal in sign of the tunneling splitting, calculated using the WKB method, in the icosahedral H x h Jahn-Teller system is explained in terms of different tunneling paths along which the system moves as the strength of the vibronic coupling K sub h sub sub 1 changes. It is found that this sign reversal occurs when K sub h sub sub 1 /(h/2 pi)w approx 4.1. This result is very near to the original result of K sub h sub sub 1 /(h/2 pi)w approx 3.8 obtained using a totally different method. This reversal can be explained as follows; for weak vibronic coupling, the H symmetry state is dominated by tunneling along the steepest descent path of C sub 1 symmetry which connects two D sub 3 sub d wells via one point on the D sub 3 symmetry saddle trough; for strong coupling, the A symmetry state is dominated by tun...

  9. Site-resolved multiple-quantum filtered correlations and distance measurements by magic-angle spinning NMR: Theory and applications to spins with weak to vanishing quadrupolar couplings. (United States)

    Eliav, U; Haimovich, A; Goldbourt, A


    We discuss and analyze four magic-angle spinning solid-state NMR methods that can be used to measure internuclear distances and to obtain correlation spectra between a spin I = 1/2 and a half-integer spin S > 1/2 having a small quadrupolar coupling constant. Three of the methods are based on the heteronuclear multiple-quantum and single-quantum correlation experiments, that is, high rank tensors that involve the half spin and the quadrupolar spin are generated. Here, both zero and single-quantum coherence of the half spins are allowed and various coherence orders of the quadrupolar spin are generated, and filtered, via active recoupling of the dipolar interaction. As a result of generating coherence orders larger than one, the spectral resolution for the quadrupolar nucleus increases linearly with the coherence order. Since the formation of high rank tensors is independent of the existence of a finite quadrupolar interaction, these experiments are also suitable to materials in which there is high symmetry around the quadrupolar spin. A fourth experiment is based on the initial quadrupolar-driven excitation of symmetric high order coherences (up to p = 2S, where S is the spin number) and subsequently generating by the heteronuclear dipolar interaction higher rank (l + 1 or higher) tensors that involve also the half spins. Due to the nature of this technique, it also provides information on the relative orientations of the quadrupolar and dipolar interaction tensors. For the ideal case in which the pulses are sufficiently strong with respect to other interactions, we derive analytical expressions for all experiments as well as for the transferred echo double resonance experiment involving a quadrupolar spin. We show by comparison of the fitting of simulations and the analytical expressions to experimental data that the analytical expressions are sufficiently accurate to provide experimental (7)Li-(13)C distances in a complex of lithium, glycine, and water. Discussion

  10. Charge and spin quantum fluctuations in the doped strongly coupled Hubbard model on the honeycomb lattice (United States)

    Ribeiro, F. G.; Coutinho-Filho, M. D.


    Field-theoretic methods are used to investigate the large-U Hubbard model on the honeycomb lattice at half-filling and in the hole-doped regime. Within the framework of a functional-integral approach, we obtain the Lagrangian density associated with the charge and spin degrees of freedom. The Hamiltonian related to the charge degrees of freedom is exactly diagonalized. In the strong-coupling regime, we derive a perturbative low-energy theory suitable to describe the quantum antiferromagnetic phase (AF) as a function of hole doping. At half-filling, we deal with the underlying spin degrees of freedom of the quantum AF Heisenberg model by employing a second-order spin-wave analysis, in which case we have calculated the ground-state energy and the staggered magnetization; the results are in very good agreement with previous studies. Further, in the continuum, we derive a nonlinear σ model with a topological Hopf term that describes the AF-VBS (valence bond solid) competition. Lastly, in the challenging doped regime, our approach allows the derivation of a t -J Hamiltonian, and the analysis of the role played by charge and spin quantum fluctuations on the ground-state energy and, particularly, on the breakdown of the AF order at a critical hole doping; the results are benchmarked against recent Grassmann tensor product state simulations.

  11. Multiple and spin off initiation of atmospheric convectively coupled Kelvin waves (United States)

    Baranowski, Dariusz B.; Flatau, Maria K.; Flatau, Piotr J.; Schmidt, Jerome M.


    A novel atmospheric convectively coupled Kelvin wave trajectories database, derived from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission precipitation data, is used to investigate initiation of sequential Kelvin wave events. Based on the analysis of beginnings of trajectories from years 1998-2012 it is shown that sequential event initiations can be divided into two distinct categories: multiple initiations and spin off initiations, both of which involve interactions with ocean surface and upper ocean temperature variability. The results of composite analysis of the 83 multiple Kelvin wave initiations show that the local thermodynamic forcing related to the diurnal sea surface temperature variability is responsible for sequential Kelvin wave development. The composite analysis of 91 spin off Kelvin wave initiations shows that the dynamic forcing is a dominant effect and the local thermodynamic forcing is secondary. Detail case studies of both multiple and spin off initiations confirm statistical analysis. A multiple initiation occurs in the presence of the high upper ocean diurnal cycle and a spin off initiation results from both dynamic and local thermodynamic processes. The dynamic forcing is related to increased wind speed and latent heat flux likely associated with an off equatorial circulation. In addition a theoretical study of the sequential Kelvin waves is performed using a shallow water model. Finally, conceptual models of these two types of initiations are proposed.

  12. Spin-Orbit Coupling in AlGaN/AlN/GaN Heterostructures with a Polarization Induced Two-Dimensional Electron Gas (United States)

    Cheng, H.; Kurdak, C.; Biyikli, N.; Ozgur, U.; Morkoc, H.; Litvinov, V. I.


    Spin-orbit coupling is investigated by weak antilocalization and Shubnikov-de Haas measurements in wurtzite AlxGa1-xN/AlN/GaN heterostructures with a polarization induced two dimensional electron gas. By employing the persistent photoconductivity effect and by using five different heterostructures with different Al compositions, we cover a carrier density range extending from 0.8x10^12 cm-2 to 10.6x10^12 cm-2. We determine electron splitting energies for different carrier densities by analyzing the weak antilocalization measurements using the Iordanskii, Lyanda-Geller, and Pikus theory. We find the spin splitting energies do not scale linearly with the Fermi wavevector kF at high carrier densities. By fitting the spin splitting energies to a form ESS=2(αkF+γkF^3) we extract linear and cubic spin-orbit coupling parameters α=5.13x10-13 eV m and γ=1.2x10-31eV m^3, respectively. The cubic spin-orbit coupling parameter is purely due to the bulk inversion asymmetry of the wurtzite crystal and has not been previously measured for the GaN system.

  13. Coupling molecular spin centers to microwave planar resonators: towards integration of molecular qubits in quantum circuits. (United States)

    Bonizzoni, C; Ghirri, A; Bader, K; van Slageren, J; Perfetti, M; Sorace, L; Lan, Y; Fuhr, O; Ruben, M; Affronte, M


    We present spectroscopic measurements looking for the coherent coupling between molecular magnetic centers and microwave photons. The aim is to find the optimal conditions and the best molecular features to achieve the quantum strong coupling regime, for which coherent dynamics of hybrid photon-spin states take place. To this end, we used a high critical temperature YBCO superconducting planar resonator working at 7.7 GHz and at low temperatures to investigate three molecular mononuclear coordination compounds, namely (PPh4)2[Cu(mnt)2] (where mnt2- = maleonitriledithiolate), [ErPc2]-TBA+ (where pc2- is the phtalocyaninato and TBA+ is the tetra-n-butylammonium cation) and Dy(trensal) (where H3trensal = 2,2',2''-tris(salicylideneimino)triethylamine). Although the strong coupling regime was not achieved in these preliminary experiments, the results provided several hints on how to design molecular magnetic centers to be integrated into hybrid quantum circuits.

  14. Toward nonlinear magnonics: Intensity-dependent spin-wave switching in insulating side-coupled magnetic stripes (United States)

    Sadovnikov, A. V.; Odintsov, S. A.; Beginin, E. N.; Sheshukova, S. E.; Sharaevskii, Yu. P.; Nikitov, S. A.


    We demonstrate that the nonlinear spin-wave transport in two laterally parallel magnetic stripes exhibit the intensity-dependent power exchange between the adjacent spin-wave channels. By the means of Brillouin light scattering technique, we investigate collective nonlinear spin-wave dynamics in the presence of magnetodipolar coupling. The nonlinear intensity-dependent effect reveals itself in the spin-wave mode transformation and differential nonlinear spin-wave phase shift in each adjacent magnetic stripe. The proposed analytical theory, based on the coupled Ginzburg-Landau equations, predicts the geometry design involving the reduction of power requirement to the all-magnonic switching. A very good agreement between calculation and experiment was found. In addition, a micromagnetic and finite-element approach has been independently used to study the nonlinear behavior of spin waves in adjacent stripes and the nonlinear transformation of spatial profiles of spin-wave modes. Our results show that the proposed spin-wave coupling mechanism provides the basis for nonlinear magnonic circuits and opens the perspectives for all-magnonic computing architecture.

  15. Effects of spin-orbit coupling on zero-energy bound states localized at magnetic impurities in multiband superconductors (United States)

    Seo, Kangjun; Sau, Jay D.; Tewari, Sumanta


    We investigate the effect of spin-orbit coupling on the in-gap bound states localized at magnetic impurities in multiband superconductors with unconventional (sign-changed) and conventional (sign-unchanged) s -wave pairing symmetry, which may be relevant to iron-based superconductors. Without spin-orbit coupling, for spin-singlet superconductors it is known that such bound states cross zero energy at a critical value of the impurity scattering strength and acquire a finite spin polarization. Moreover, the degenerate, spin-polarized, zero-energy bound states are unstable to applied Zeeman fields as well as a deviation of the impurity scattering strength away from criticality. Using a T -matrix formalism as well as analytical arguments, we show that, in the presence of spin-orbit coupling, the zero-energy bound states localized at magnetic impurities in unconventional, sign-changed, s -wave superconductors acquire surprising robustness to applied Zeeman fields and variation in the impurity scattering strength, an effect which is absent in the conventional, sign-unchanged, s -wave superconductors. Given that the iron-based multiband superconductors may possess a substantial spin-orbit coupling as seen in recent experiments, our results may provide one possible explanation to the recent observation of surprisingly robust zero bias scanning tunneling microscope peaks localized at magnetic impurities in iron-based superconductors provided the order parameter symmetry is sign changing s+--wave.

  16. The increase of the spin-transfer torque threshold current density in coupled vortex domain walls (United States)

    Lepadatu, S.; Mihai, A. P.; Claydon, J. S.; Maccherozzi, F.; Dhesi, S. S.; Kinane, C. J.; Langridge, S.; Marrows, C. H.


    We have studied the dependence on the domain wall structure of the spin-transfer torque current density threshold for the onset of wall motion in curved, Gd-doped Ni80Fe20 nanowires with no artificial pinning potentials. For single vortex domain walls, for both 10% and 1% Gd-doping concentrations, the threshold current density is inversely proportional to the wire width and significantly lower compared to the threshold current density measured for transverse domain walls. On the other hand for high Gd concentrations and large wire widths, double vortex domain walls are formed which require an increase in the threshold current density compared to single vortex domain walls at the same wire width. We suggest that this is due to the coupling of the vortex cores, which are of opposite chirality, and hence will be acted on by opposing forces arising through the spin-transfer torque effect.

  17. Equation-of-motion coupled cluster method for high spin double electron attachment calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Musiał, Monika, E-mail:; Lupa, Łukasz; Kucharski, Stanisław A. [Institute of Chemistry, University of Silesia, Szkolna 9, 40-006 Katowice (Poland)


    The new formulation of the equation-of-motion (EOM) coupled cluster (CC) approach applicable to the calculations of the double electron attachment (DEA) states for the high spin components is proposed. The new EOM equations are derived for the high spin triplet and quintet states. In both cases the new equations are easier to solve but the substantial simplification is observed in the case of quintets. Out of 21 diagrammatic terms contributing to the standard DEA-EOM-CCSDT equations for the R{sub 2} and R{sub 3} amplitudes only four terms survive contributing to the R{sub 3} part. The implemented method has been applied to the calculations of the excited states (singlets, triplets, and quintets) energies of the carbon and silicon atoms and potential energy curves for selected states of the Na{sub 2} (triplets) and B{sub 2} (quintets) molecules.

  18. Comparative investigation of the coupled-tetrahedra quantum spin systems Cu{sub 2}Te{sub 2}O{sub 5}X{sub 2}, X = Cl, Br and Cu{sub 4}Te{sub 5}O{sub 12}Cl{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valenti, R. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 1, 60438 Frankfurt (Germany)], E-mail:; Saha-Dasgupta, T. [S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, JD Block, Sector 3, Salt Lake City, Kolkata 700 098 (India); Jeschke, H.O. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 1, 60438 Frankfurt (Germany); Rahaman, B. [S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, JD Block, Sector 3, Salt Lake City, Kolkata 700 098 (India); Rosner, H. [MPI-CPS, Noethnitzer Strasse 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany); Lemmens, P. [IPCM, TU Braunschweig, Mendelssohnstrasse 3, 38106 Braunschweig (Germany); Takagi, R.; Johnsson, M. [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Stockholm University, S-10691 Stockholm (Sweden)


    We present a comparative study of the coupled-tetrahedra quantum spin systems Cu{sub 2}Te{sub 2}O{sub 5}X{sub 2}, X = Cl, Br (Cu-2252(X)) and the newly synthesized Cu{sub 4}Te{sub 5}O{sub 12}Cl{sub 4} (Cu-45124(Cl)) based on ab initio density functional theory calculations. The magnetic behavior of Cu-45124(Cl) with a phase transition to an ordered state at a lower critical temperature T{sub c} = 13.6 K than in Cu-2252(Cl) (T{sub c} = 18.2 K) can be well understood in terms of the modified interaction paths. We identify the relevant structural changes between the two systems and discuss the hypothetical behavior of the not yet synthesized Cu-45124(Br) with an ab initio relaxed structure using Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics.

  19. Spin-dependent electron-phonon coupling in the valence band of single-layer WS2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hinsche, Nicki Frank; Ngankeu, Arlette S.; Guilloy, Kevin


    The absence of inversion symmetry leads to a strong spin-orbit splitting of the upper valence band of semiconducting single-layer transition-metal dichalchogenides such as MoS2 or WS2. This permits a direct comparison of the electron-phonon coupling strength in states that only differ by their spin....... Here, the electron-phonon coupling in the valence band maximum of single-layer WS2 is studied by first-principles calculations and angle-resolved photoemission. The coupling strength is found to be drastically different for the two spin-split branches, with calculated values of λK=0.0021 and 0.......40 for the upper and lower spin-split valence band of the freestanding layer, respectively. This difference is somewhat reduced when including scattering processes involving the Au(111) substrate present in the experiment but it remains significant, in good agreement with the experimental results....

  20. Rhodospirillum rubrum CO-dehydrogenase. Part 2: Spectroscopic investigation and assignment of spin-spin coupling signals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heo, J.; Staples, C.R.; Telser, J.; Ludden, P.W.


    solely from the [Fe{sub 4}S{sub 4}]{sup 1+} clusters. These resonances are attributed in fully reduced CODH to spin-spin coupling between [Fe{sub 4}S{sub 4}]{sub C}{sup 1+} (S = 1/2) and [Fe{sub 4}S{sub 4}]{sub B}{sup 1+} (S = 1/2). When CODH was poised at a calculated potential of {minus}326 mV, the UV-visible absorption spectrum indicated that only one of the [Fe{sub 4}S{sub 4}] clusters was reduced. However, the EPR spectrum was much different than that observed at ca. {minus}295 mV. The EPR spectrum of CODH at {minus}326 mV exhibited resonances arising from a slow-relaxing [Fe{sub 4}S{sub 4}]{sup 1+} (S = 1/2) cluster (g{sub z,y,x} = 2.04, 1.93, 1.89) and a very minor amount of a fast-relaxing [Fe{sub 4}S{sub 4}]{sup 1+} (S = 1/2) cluster. None of the C{sub red1} coupling signal was present. The fast-relaxing cluster is assigned to [Fe{sub 4}S{sub 4}]{sub C}{sup 1+}, while the slow-relaxing cluster is assigned to uncoupled [Fe{sub 4}S{sub 4}]{sub C}{sup 1+}. The observation of uncoupled [Fe{sub 4}S{sub 4}]{sub C}{sup 1+} at slightly lower potentials suggests the reduction of [(CO{sub L})Fe{sup 3+}-Ni{sup 2+}-H{minus}]{sup 4+} (S = 1/2) to [(CO{sub L})Fe{sup 2+}-Ni{sup 2+}-H{minus}]{sup 3+} (S = 0). Treatment of CODH with its physiological product (CO{sub 2}) while poised at {minus}326 mV with 99% reduced phenosafranin results in accumulation of oxidized dye, the production of CO, and the appearance of a new species with g{sub x} = 1.75. This species has relaxation properties unlike C{sub red2A}. Based upon the method of generation and the relaxation properties of the species, the g = 1.75 feature is assigned to [Fe{sub 4}S{sub 4}]{sub C}{sup 1+} (S = 1/2) spin-coupling with [Fe{sup 2+}-Ni{sup 2+}]{sup 4+} (S = 1) (and is referred to as C{sub red2B}). Based on the data presented in this and Part 1, a mechanism for the oxidation of CO to CO{sub 2} by R.rubrum CODH is proposed.

  1. Exploring spin-orbit coupling in a non-degenerate optical lattice clock (United States)

    Wall, Michael L.; Koller, Andrew P.; Li, Shuming; Rey, Ana Maria


    Optical lattice clocks have progressed in recent years to become not only precise timekeepers, but also sensitive probes of many-body physics. We consider a 1D optical lattice clock in which the wavelength of the laser that interrogates the clock transition is comparable to the optical lattice spacing. This light-matter coupling imprints a spatially dependent phase on the atomic internal state superposition, and this phase can be interpreted as a spin-orbit coupling. We show that this spin-orbit coupling manifests itself in Ramsey spectroscopy as an s-wave density shift in otherwise identically prepared fermions, even at temperatures significantly larger than the tunneling. Further, we show that Rabi spectroscopy can be mapped to a Hofstadter model on a two-leg ladder with chiral eigenstates. Using a modified Rabi procedure, we show how to extract momentum-resolved signatures of chirality solely by spectroscopic means. The effects of finite temperature, gaussian transverse confinement, and non-separability between transverse and axial degrees of freedom are discussed. This work has been financially supported by JILA-NSF-PFC-1125844, NSF-PIF-1211914, ARO, AFOSR, AFOSR-MURI, NDSEG, and NRC.

  2. Ground-State Analysis for an Exactly Solvable Coupled-Spin Hamiltonian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Mattei


    Full Text Available We introduce a Hamiltonian for two interacting su(2 spins. We use a mean-field analysis and exact Bethe ansatz results to investigate the ground-state properties of the system in the classical limit, defined as the limit of infinite spin (or highest weight. Complementary insights are provided through investigation of the energy gap, ground-state fidelity, and ground-state entanglement, which are numerically computed for particular parameter values. Despite the simplicity of the model, a rich array of ground-state features are uncovered. Finally, we discuss how this model may be seen as an analogue of the exactly solvable p+ip pairing Hamiltonian.

  3. Spin spring behavior in exchange coupled soft and high-coercivity hard ferromagnets.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shull, R. D.; Shapiro, A. J.; Gornakov, V. S.; Nikitenko, V. I.; Jiang, J. S.; Kaper, H.; Leaf, G.; Bader, S. D.


    The magnetization reversal processes in an epitaxial Fe/Sm{sub 2}Co{sub 7} structure were investigated using the magneto-optical indicator film technique. The dependence of the magnitude and the orientation of the structure average magnetization have been studied on both cycling and rotating the external magnetic field. It was discovered that the magnetization reversal of the soft ferromagnet can proceed by formation of not only one-dimensional, but also two-dimensional, exchange spin springs. Experimental data is compared with a theoretical estimation of the rotational hysteresis loop for a spin system containing a one-dimensional exchange spring.

  4. Flipping-shuttle oscillations of bright one- and two-dimensional solitons in spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates with Rabi mixing (United States)

    Sakaguchi, Hidetsugu; Malomed, Boris A.


    We analyze the possibility of macroscopic quantum effects in the form of coupled structural oscillations and shuttle motion of bright two-component spin-orbit-coupled striped (one-dimensional, 1D) and semivortex (two-dimensional, 2D) matter-wave solitons, under the action of linear mixing (Rabi coupling) between the components. In 1D, the intrinsic oscillations manifest themselves as flippings between spatially even and odd components of striped solitons, while in 2D the system features periodic transitions between zero-vorticity and vortical components of semivortex solitons. The consideration is performed by means of a combination of analytical and numerical methods.

  5. Theoretical Study of Dipolar Relaxation of Coupled Nuclear Spins at Variable Magnetic Field

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pravdivtsev, A.N.; Ivanov, K.L.; Kaptein, R.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/074334603; Yurkovskaya, A.V.


    A theoretical study was made of magnetic field-dependent dipolar relaxation in two- and three-spin systems. The results for the nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion (NMRD) curves were compared with those for the simpler model of fluctuating local fields. For both models it was found that at low


    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    Spin-polarized photoelectron spectroscopy has developed into a versatile tool for the study of surface and thin film magnetism. In this chapter, we examine the methodology of the technique and its recent application to a number of different problems. We first examine the photoemission process itself followed by a detailed review of spin-polarization measurement techniques and the related experimental requirements. We review studies of spin polarized surface states, interface states and quantum well states followed by studies of the technologically important oxide systems including half-metallic transition metal oxides, ferromagnet/oxide interfaces and the antiferromagnetic cuprates that exhibit high Tc Superconductivity. We also discuss the application of high-resolution photoemission with spin resolving capabilities to the study of spin dependent self energy effects.

  7. Isolation of the Mutual Transverse Dipolar Relaxation of a Pair of Coupled Spins (United States)

    Norwood, T. J.; Pereira, J.

    The potential of relaxation measurements to provide dynamic information about a molecule often goes unrealized due to the complexity of the processes which occur and the difficulty in separating them. Generalized expressions for several elements of the dipolar relaxation matrix are derived. It is shown that by taking the appropriate linear combination of these relaxation rates it is possible to isolate the mutual dipolar relaxation of a pair of coupled spins, even when both also relax with an arbitrary number of others. The technique is demonstrated experimentally using 5,7-dimethoxy coumarin.

  8. Fast initialization of hole spin in a quantum dot-metal surface hybrid system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peng, Yiwei; Yu, Zhongyuan, E-mail:; Liu, Yumin; Wu, Tiesheng; Zhang, Wen; Ye, Han


    In this work, we theoretically investigate the preparation of hole spin in a hybrid system consisting of a quantum dot (QD) and metal-dielectric interface. A cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED) method is used to analyze the influence of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) on the emission of QD. Due to coupling between spin and interface (with a different value along different direction), a fast initialization beyond the GHz range can be achieved with high fidelity at reasonable external parameters, under both continuous wave and pulse excitation. Moreover, the distance between QD and metal is proved to be the most important element.

  9. Interplay Between Charge, Spin, and Phonons in Low Dimensional Strongly Interacting Systems (United States)

    Soltanieh-ha, Mohammad

    Interacting one-dimensional electron systems are generally referred to as "Luttinger liquids", after the effective low-energy theory in which spin and charge behave as separate degrees of freedom with independent energy scales. The "spin-incoherent Luttinger liquid" describes a finite-temperature regime that is realized when the temperature is very small relative to the Fermi energy, but larger than the characteristic spin energy scale, and it is realized for instance in the strongly interacting Hubbard chain (with large U). Similar physics can take place in the ground-state, when a Luttinger Liquid is coupled to a spin bath, which effectively introduces a "spin temperature" through its entanglement with the spin degree of freedom. We show that the spin-incoherent state can be exactly written as a factorized wave-function, with a spin wave-function that can be described within a valence bond formalism. This enables us to calculate exact expressions for the momentum distribution function and the entanglement entropy. This picture holds not only for two antiferromagnetically coupled t--J chains, but also for the t--J-Kondo chain with strongly interacting conduction electrons. In chapter 3 we argue that this theory is quite universal and may describe a family of problems that could be dubbed "spin-incoherent". This crossover to the spin-incoherent regime at finite temperatures can be understood by means of Ogata and Shiba's factorized wave-function, where charge and spin are totally decoupled, and assuming that the charge remains in the ground state, while the spin is thermally excited and at an effective "spin temperature". In chapter 4 we use the time-dependent density matrix renormalization group method (tDMRG) to calculate the dynamical contributions of the spin, to reconstruct the single-particle spectral function of the electrons. The crossover is characterized by a redistribution of spectral weight both in frequency and momentum, with an apparent shift by kF of

  10. Quantum entanglement and thermal reduced density matrices in fermion and spin systems on ladders (United States)

    Chen, Xiao; Fradkin, Eduardo


    Numerical studies of the reduced density matrix of a gapped spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a two-leg ladder find that it has the same form as the Gibbs density matrix of a gapless spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chain at a finite temperature determined by the spin gap of the ladder. We investigate this interesting result by considering a model of free fermions on a two-leg ladder (gapped by the inter-chain tunneling operator) and in spin systems on a ladder with a gapped ground state using exact solutions and several controlled approximations. We calculate the reduced density matrix and the entanglement entropy for a leg of the ladder (i.e. a cut made between the chains). In the fermionic system we find the exact form of the reduced density matrix for one of the chains and determine the entanglement spectrum explicitly. Here we find that in the weak tunneling limit of the ladder the entanglement entropy of one chain of the gapped ladder has a simple and universal form dictated by conformal invariance. In the case of the spin system, we consider the strong coupling limit by using perturbation theory and get the reduced density matrix by the Schmidt decomposition. The entanglement entropies of a general gapped system of two coupled conformal field theories (in 1 + 1 dimensions) are discussed using the replica trick and scaling arguments. We show that (1) for a system with a bulk gap the reduced density matrix has the form of a thermal density matrix, (2) the long-wavelength modes of one subsystem (a chain) of a gapped coupled system are always thermal, (3) the von Neumann entropy equals the thermodynamic entropy of one chain, and (4) the bulk gap plays the role of effective temperature.

  11. Hartree-Fock description of spin systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirsch, J.G.; Castanos, O.; Lopez P, R.; Jimenez F, O. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543 Mexico 04510 D.F. (Mexico); Lopez M, E. [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-542 Mexico 04510 D.F. (Mexico)]. e-mail:


    A mean-field treatment of a general spin Hamiltonian containing linear and quadratic terms is presented. The equivalence between atomic coherent states and Hartree-Fock states is explicitly demonstrated. The relevance of symmetry restoration is exhibited. Entanglement properties at the different phases are briefly discussed. (Author)

  12. Random walk approach to spin dynamics in a two-dimensional electron gas with spin-orbit coupling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Luyi; Orenstein, J.; Lee, Dung-Hai


    We introduce and solve a semiclassical random walk (RW) model that describes the dynamics of spin polarization waves in zinc-blende semiconductor quantum wells. We derive the dispersion relations for these waves, including the Rashba, linear and cubic Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions, as well as the effects of an electric field applied parallel to the spin polarization wave vector. In agreement with calculations based on quantum kinetic theory [P. Kleinert and V. V. Bryksin, Phys. Rev. B 76, 205326 (2007)], the RW approach predicts that spin waves acquire a phase velocity in the presence of the field that crosses zero at a nonzero wave vector, q{sub 0}. In addition, we show that the spin-wave decay rate is independent of field at q{sub 0} but increases as (q-q{sub 0}){sup 2} for q {ne} q{sub 0}. These predictions can be tested experimentally by suitable transient spin grating experiments.

  13. Spin-orbit coupling in semiconductor nanowires: Physical limits for Majorana states (United States)

    de Campos, Tiago; Sipahi, Guilherme; de Faria Junior, Paulo Eduardo; Bastos, Carlos; Zutic, Igor; Gmitra, Martin; Fabian, Jaroslav


    Proximity induced superconductivity in semiconductor nanowires with spin-orbit coupling (SOC) provides a promising realization of Majorana fermions. While SOC is typically included within only the first conduction band, such simplified models lack a more detailed understanding of Majorana fermions and their implementation. We perform systematic and comprehensive numerical investigations of SOC in zinc-blende and wurtzite semiconductor cylindrical nanowires. We employ the k.p method, with input parameters fitted to first-principles calculations, to determine realistic values of the Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit fields in nanowires of varying diameters. Specifically, we use a state of the art 14 band k.p formalism together with the envelope function approach to obtain the electronic band structure for various compounds, and analyze the effect of the quantum confinement on the effective masses and spin-orbit splitting of the subbands. We also make specific suggestions towards the optimal orientation and geometry, evaluating the prospects of the nanowires as platforms to observe Majorana states. J. F. and M. G. ackowledge support from DFG SFB 689.

  14. Interplay of Antiferromagnetic Coupling and Spin Crossover in Dinuclear Iron(II) Complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaspar, Ana B.; Ksenofontov, Vadim; Spiering, Hartmut; Reiman, Sergey [Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet, Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie (Germany); Real, Jose A. [Universitat de Valencia, Departament de Quimica Inorganica/Institut de Ciencia Molecular (Spain); Guetlich, Philipp [Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet, Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie (Germany)


    This article reports on the study of the interplay between magnetic coupling and spin transition in 2,2'-bipyrimidine (bpym)-bridged iron(II) dinuclear compounds. Coexistence of both phenomena has been observed in [Fe(bpym)(NCS){sub 2}]{sub 2}bpym, [Fe(bpym)(NCSe){sub 2}]{sub 2}bpym and [Fe(bt)(NCS){sub 2}]{sub 2}bpym (bpym = 2,2'-bipyrimidine, bt = 2,2'-bithiazoline) by the action of external physical factors namely pressure or electromagnetic radiation. Competition between magnetic exchange and spin crossover has been studied in [Fe(bpym)(NCS){sub 2}]{sub 2}bpym at 6.3 kbar. LIESST experiments carried out in [Fe(bpym)(NCSe){sub 2}]{sub 2}bpym and [Fe(bt)(NCS){sub 2}]{sub 2}bpym at 4.2 K have shown that is possible to achieve dinuclear molecules with different spin states in this class of compounds.

  15. Nb nanoSQUIDs for detection of small spin systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woelbing, R.; Nagel, J.; Kemmler, M.; Kleiner, R.; Koelle, D. [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Tuebingen (Germany); Kieler, O.; Weimann, T.; Kohlmann, J.; Zorin, A. [Fachbereich 2.4 ' ' Quantenelektronik' ' , PTB Braunschweig (Germany); Buchter, A.; Xue, F.; Poggio, M. [Department of Physics, University of Basel (Switzerland); Rueffer, D.; Russo-Averchi, E.; Fontcuberta i Morral, A. [Laboratoire des Materiaux Semiconducteurs, EPF Lausanne (Switzerland); Huber, R.; Berberich, P. [Physik-Department E10, Technische Universitaet Muenchen (Germany); Grundler, D. [Laboratoire des Materiaux Semiconducteurs, EPF Lausanne (Switzerland); Physik-Department E10, Technische Universitaet Muenchen (Germany)


    We report on the realization of highly sensitive dc nanoSQUIDs for the investigation of small spin systems in moderate magnetic fields. The Nb SQUIDs are based on normal metal Josephson junctions made of HfTi and patterned by e-beam lithography. We demonstrate stable operation up to B = ± 50 mT without degradation of rms flux noise (S{sub Φ}{sup 1/2} ≤ 280 nΦ{sub 0}/√(Hz)). We also present a multifunctional system combining a Nb nanoSQUID and a low-temperature magnetic force microscope (LTMFM) with a Ni nanotube as a scanning tip. This system allows for magnetization measurements of the Ni tube by using both, LTMFM and SQUID readout. Furthermore, the measurement of magnetic flux Φ vs. position of the particle provides an experimental determination of the coupling factor φ{sub μ} = Φ/μ between SQUID and Ni tube with magnetic moment μ. The results confirm our predictions from numerical simulations, taking into account the SQUID geometry.

  16. High-field study of the spin-Peierls system CuGeO{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Regnault, L.P. [CEA Centre d`Etudes de Grenoble, 38 (France)


    The one-dimensional spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic system coupled to a three-dimensional phonon field undergoes a structural distortion below a finite temperature T{sub sp} (spin-Peierls transition) which induces the formation of a non-magnetic singlet ground-state and the opening of a gap in the excitation spectrum at the antiferromagnetic point. The recent discovery of the germanate CuGeO{sub 3} as a spin-Peierls system has considerably renewed the interest is this fascinating phenomenon. Inelastic neutron scattering and neutron diffraction have brought very quantitative pieces of information which can be directly compared to the predictions of the standard model. (author). 6 refs.

  17. Magnetization Plateaus and Thermal Entanglement of Spin Systems (United States)

    Ananikian, N.; Burdík, Č.; Ananikyan, L.; Poghosyan, H.


    The geometrically magnetic frustrations and quantum thermal entanglement of antiferromagnetic metal-containing compounds are considered on a diamond chain. We researched the magnetic and thermal properties of the symmetric Hubbard dimers with delocalized interstitial spins and the quantum entanglement states. It is presented magnetization plateaus and negativity in spin-1 Ising-Heisenberg model using transfer matrix technique. Applying the dynamic system approach we study the magnetic curves, Lyapunov exponents and superstable point in the two-dimensional mapping for the partition function of spin-1 classical and Ising-Heisenberg models at T → 0 on a diamond chain.

  18. Quantum and thermal fluctuations in a Raman spin-orbit-coupled Bose gas (United States)

    Chen, Xiao-Long; Liu, Xia-Ji; Hu, Hui


    We theoretically study a three-dimensional weakly interacting Bose gas with Raman-induced spin-orbit coupling at finite temperature. By employing a generalized Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory with Popov approximation, we determine a complete finite-temperature phase diagram of three exotic condensation phases (i.e., the stripe, plane-wave, and zero-momentum phases), against both quantum and thermal fluctuations. We find that the plane-wave phase is significantly broadened by thermal fluctuations. The phonon mode and sound velocity at the transition from the plane-wave phase to the zero-momentum phase are thoughtfully analyzed. At zero temperature, we find that quantum fluctuations open an unexpected gap in sound velocity at the phase transition, in stark contrast to the previous theoretical prediction of a vanishing sound velocity. At finite temperature, thermal fluctuations continue to significantly enlarge the gap, and simultaneously shift the critical minimum. For a Bose gas of 87Rb atoms at the typical experimental temperature, T =0.3 T0 , where T0 is the critical temperature of an ideal Bose gas without spin-orbit coupling, our results of gap opening and critical minimum shifting in the sound velocity are qualitatively consistent with the recent experimental observation [Ji et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 105301 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.105301].

  19. Strong spin-lattice coupling in CrSiTe3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. D. Casto


    Full Text Available CrSiTe3 has attracted recent interest as a candidate single-layer ferromagnetic semiconductor, but relatively little is known about the bulk properties of this material. Here, we report single-crystal X-ray diffraction, magnetic properties, thermal conductivity, vibrational, and optical spectroscopies and compare our findings with complementary electronic structure and lattice dynamics principles calculations. The high temperature paramagnetic phase is characterized by strong spin-lattice interactions that give rise to glassy behavior, negative thermal expansion, and an optical response that reveals that CrSiTe3 is an indirect gap semiconductor with indirect and direct band gaps at 0.4 and 1.2 eV, respectively. Measurements of the phonons across the 33 K ferromagnetic transition provide additional evidence for strong coupling between the magnetic and lattice degrees of freedom. The Si-Te stretching and Te displacement modes are sensitive to the magnetic ordering transition, a finding that we discuss in terms of the superexchange mechanism. Spin-lattice coupling constants are also extracted.

  20. On the truncation of the number of excited states in density functional theory sum-over-states calculations of indirect spin spin coupling constants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zarycz, M. Natalia C.; Provasi, Patricio F.; Sauer, Stephan P. A.


    It is investigated, whether the number of excited (pseudo)states can be truncated in the sum-over-states expression for indirect spin-spin coupling constants (SSCC), which is used in the Contributions from Localized Orbitals within the Polarization Propagator Approach and Inner Projections......-correlation functional and the specialized core-property basis set, aug-cc-pVTZ-J. We investigated both how the calculated coupling constants depend on the number of (pseudo)states included in the summation and whether the summation can be truncated in a systematic way at a smaller number of states and extrapolated...... to the total number of (pseudo)states for the given one-electron basis set. We find that this is possible and that for some of the couplings it is sufficient to include only about 30% of the excited (pseudo)states....

  1. Empirical magnetic structure solution of frustrated spin systems. (United States)

    Paddison, Joseph A M; Goodwin, Andrew L


    Frustrated magnetism plays a central role in the phenomenology of exotic quantum states. However, since the magnetic structures of frustrated systems are often aperiodic, there has been the problem that they cannot be determined by using traditional crystallographic techniques. Here we show that the magnetic component of powder neutron scattering data is actually sufficiently information-rich to drive magnetic structure solution for frustrated systems, including spin ices, spin liquids, and molecular magnets. Our methodology employs ab initio reverse Monte Carlo refinement, making informed use of an additional constraint that minimizes variance in local spin environments. The atomistic spin configurations obtained in this way not only reflect a magnetic structure "solution" but also reproduce the full three-dimensional magnetic scattering pattern.

  2. Quantum phase transitions in spin-lattice systems

    CERN Document Server

    Ristig, M; Farnell, D; Kuerten, K


    Classical and quantized spins on a lattice interacting via unisotropic Heisenberg forces are important and illuminating models for an understanding of magnetic properties and phase transitions in solids, of structural phase transitions in ferroelectrics, and of transitions in quasi-spin systems. Further, many-body theories of spin lattices may be fruitfully related to latticized quantum-field theories within a Hamiltonian formulation. A close formal relationship exists, for example, between an O(2) model of the XY type and the O(4) model of chiral meson-field theory. Microscopic calculations are reviewed on the ground and excited states of such systems employing the microscopic correlated basis-functions (CBF) theory that has been so successful in the theory of quantum fluids and in nuclear physics. Reported are numerical results on the order parameters, phase boundaries, and other physical quantities of interest for the transverse Ising model, the spin-half XY model, the O(2) model for Josephson junction arr...

  3. Lifting mean-field degeneracies in anisotropic classical spin systems (United States)

    Sizyuk, Yuriy; Perkins, Natalia B.; Wölfle, Peter


    In this work, we propose a method for calculating the free energy of anisotropic classical spin systems. We use a Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation to express the partition function of a generic bilinear superexchange Hamiltonian in terms of a functional integral over classical time-independent fields. As an example, we consider an anisotropic spin-exchange Hamiltonian on the cubic lattice as is found for compounds with strongly correlated electrons in multiorbital bands and subject to strong spin-orbit interaction. We calculate the contribution of Gaussian spin fluctuations to the free energy. While the mean-field solution of ordered states for such systems usually has full rotational symmetry, we show here that the fluctuations lead to a pinning of the spontaneous magnetization along some preferred direction of the lattice.

  4. Spying on the boron-boron triple bond using spin-spin coupling measured from 11B solid-state NMR spectroscopy. (United States)

    Perras, Frédéric A; Ewing, William C; Dellermann, Theresa; Böhnke, Julian; Ullrich, Stefan; Schäfer, Thomas; Braunschweig, Holger; Bryce, David L


    There is currently tremendous interest in the previously documented example of a stable species exhibiting a boron-boron triple bond (Science, 2012, 336, 1420). Notably, it has recently been stated using arguments based on force constants that this diboryne may not, in reality, feature a boron-boron triple bond. Here, we use advanced solid-state NMR and computational methodology in order to directly probe the orbitals involved in multiple boron-boron bonds experimentally via analysis of 11B-11B spin-spin (J) coupling constants. Computationally, the mechanism responsible for the boron-boron spin-spin coupling in these species is found to be analogous to that for the case of multiply-bonded carbon atoms. The trend in reduced J coupling constants for diborenes and a diboryne, measured experimentally, is in agreement with that known for alkenes and alkynes. This experimental probe of the electronic structure of the boron-boron multiple bond provides strong evidence supporting the originally proposed nature of the bonds in the diboryne and diborenes, and demonstrates that the orbitals involved in boron-boron bonding are equivalent to those well known to construct the multiple bonds between other second-row elements such as carbon and nitrogen.

  5. Quantum spin systems on infinite lattices a concise introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Naaijkens, Pieter


    This course-based primer offers readers a concise introduction to the description of quantum mechanical systems with infinitely many degrees of freedom – and quantum spin systems in particular – using the operator algebraic approach. Here, the observables are modeled using elements of some operator algebra, usually a C*-algebra. This text introduces readers to the framework and the necessary mathematical tools without assuming much mathematical background, making it more accessible than advanced monographs. The book also highlights the usefulness of the so-called thermodynamic limit of quantum spin systems, which is the limit of infinite system size. For example, this makes it possible to clearly distinguish between local and global properties, without having to keep track of the system size. Together with Lieb-Robinson bounds, which play a similar role in quantum spin systems to that of the speed of light in relativistic theories, this approach allows ideas from relativistic field theories to be implemen...

  6. Ultrafast spin exchange-coupling torque via photo-excited charge-transfer processes

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ma, X; Fang, F; Li, Q; Zhu, J; Yang, Y; Wu, Y Z; Zhao, H B; Lüpke, G


    .... Recently developed optical approaches such as ultrafast demagnetization, spin-transfer and spin-orbit torques open new pathways to manipulate spin through its interaction with photon, orbit, charge or phonon...

  7. Spin-Peierls transition in low-dimensional quantum spin systems: a Green's function approach. (United States)

    Ding, L J; Yao, K L; Fu, H H


    We study the spin-Peierls (SP) transition of one-dimensional chain polymeric complexes coupled to lattice by means of many-body Green's function theory. The chain effective elastic constant is an intrinsic factor that determines the order of SP transition. It is found that the SP transition temperature T(SP) and the susceptibility-maximum temperature T(max) are in agreement with the experimental results. When an external magnetic field is applied to the chain, it makes T(SP) and T(max) decrease, and drives the SP transition from the second order to the first order. Besides, we show that the two-site thermal entanglement entropy is a good indicator of SP transition. Further considering the effect of interchain coupling on SP transition, with weak coupling of double-chain, the theoretical values are closer to the experimental results. We also calculate the density of states and spectral functions, which show that the energy gap vanishes at a critical temperature lower than T(SP), indicating a gapless SP phase lies in the gapped dimerized phase. The interchain coupling can drive the SP transition from the second order to the first order, while the SP dimerization may collapse for large interchain couplings.

  8. Coupled Spins in Diamond: From Quantum Control to Metrology and Many-Body Physics


    Kucsko, Georg


    The study of quantum mechanics, together with the ability to coherently control and manipulate quantum systems in the lab has led to a myriad of discoveries and real world applications. In this thesis we present experiments demonstrating precise control of an individual long-lived spin qubit as well as sensing applications for biology and investigation of quantum many-body dynamics. Stable quantum bits, capable both of storing quantum information for macroscopic time scales and of integra...

  9. A multilingual programming model for coupled systems.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ong, E. T.; Larson, J. W.; Norris, B.; Tobis, M.; Steder, M.; Jacob, R. L.; Mathematics and Computer Science; Univ. of Wisconsin; Univ. of Chicago; The Australian National Univ.


    Multiphysics and multiscale simulation systems share a common software requirement-infrastructure to implement data exchanges between their constituent parts-often called the coupling problem. On distributed-memory parallel platforms, the coupling problem is complicated by the need to describe, transfer, and transform distributed data, known as the parallel coupling problem. Parallel coupling is emerging as a new grand challenge in computational science as scientists attempt to build multiscale and multiphysics systems on parallel platforms. An additional coupling problem in these systems is language interoperability between their constituent codes. We have created a multilingual parallel coupling programming model based on a successful open-source parallel coupling library, the Model Coupling Toolkit (MCT). This programming model's capabilities reach beyond MCT's native Fortran implementation to include bindings for the C++ and Python programming languages. We describe the method used to generate the interlanguage bindings. This approach enables an object-based programming model for implementing parallel couplings in non-Fortran coupled systems and in systems with language heterogeneity. We describe the C++ and Python versions of the MCT programming model and provide short examples. We report preliminary performance results for the MCT interpolation benchmark. We describe a major Python application that uses the MCT Python bindings, a Python implementation of the control and coupling infrastructure for the community climate system model. We conclude with a discussion of the significance of this work to productivity computing in multidisciplinary computational science.

  10. Nuclear magnetic relaxation by the dipolar EMOR mechanism: General theory with applications to two-spin systems. (United States)

    Chang, Zhiwei; Halle, Bertil


    In aqueous systems with immobilized macromolecules, including biological tissue, the longitudinal spin relaxation of water protons is primarily induced by exchange-mediated orientational randomization (EMOR) of intra- and intermolecular magnetic dipole-dipole couplings. We have embarked on a systematic program to develop, from the stochastic Liouville equation, a general and rigorous theory that can describe relaxation by the dipolar EMOR mechanism over the full range of exchange rates, dipole coupling strengths, and Larmor frequencies. Here, we present a general theoretical framework applicable to spin systems of arbitrary size with symmetric or asymmetric exchange. So far, the dipolar EMOR theory is only available for a two-spin system with symmetric exchange. Asymmetric exchange, when the spin system is fragmented by the exchange, introduces new and unexpected phenomena. Notably, the anisotropic dipole couplings of non-exchanging spins break the axial symmetry in spin Liouville space, thereby opening up new relaxation channels in the locally anisotropic sites, including longitudinal-transverse cross relaxation. Such cross-mode relaxation operates only at low fields; at higher fields it becomes nonsecular, leading to an unusual inverted relaxation dispersion that splits the extreme-narrowing regime into two sub-regimes. The general dipolar EMOR theory is illustrated here by a detailed analysis of the asymmetric two-spin case, for which we present relaxation dispersion profiles over a wide range of conditions as well as analytical results for integral relaxation rates and time-dependent spin modes in the zero-field and motional-narrowing regimes. The general theoretical framework presented here will enable a quantitative analysis of frequency-dependent water-proton longitudinal relaxation in model systems with immobilized macromolecules and, ultimately, will provide a rigorous link between relaxation-based magnetic resonance image contrast and molecular parameters.

  11. High resolution NMR study of T1 magnetic relaxation dispersion. III. Influence of spin 1/2 hetero-nuclei on spin relaxation and polarization transfer among strongly coupled protons. (United States)

    Korchak, Sergey E; Ivanov, Konstantin L; Pravdivtsev, Andrey N; Yurkovskaya, Alexandra V; Kaptein, Robert; Vieth, Hans-Martin


    Effects of spin-spin interactions on the nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion (NMRD) of protons were studied in a situation where spin ½ hetero-nuclei are present in the molecule. As in earlier works [K. L. Ivanov, A. V. Yurkovskaya, and H.-M. Vieth, J. Chem. Phys. 129, 234513 (2008); S. E. Korchak, K. L. Ivanov, A. V. Yurkovskaya, and H.-M. Vieth, ibid. 133, 194502 (2010)], spin-spin interactions have a pronounced effect on the relaxivity tending to equalize the longitudinal relaxation times once the spins become strongly coupled at a sufficiently low magnetic field. In addition, we have found influence of (19)F nuclei on the proton NMRD, although in the whole field range, studied protons and fluorine spins were only weakly coupled. In particular, pronounced features in the proton NMRD were found; but each feature was predominantly observed only for particular spin states of the hetero-nuclei. The features are explained theoretically; it is shown that hetero-nuclei can affect the proton NMRD even in the limit of weak coupling when (i) protons are coupled strongly and (ii) have spin-spin interactions of different strengths with the hetero-nuclei. We also show that by choosing the proper magnetic field strength, one can selectively transfer proton spin magnetization between spectral components of choice.

  12. Impact of Soil Moisture Assimilation on Land Surface Model Spin-Up and Coupled LandAtmosphere Prediction (United States)

    Santanello, Joseph A., Jr.; Kumar, Sujay V.; Peters-Lidard, Christa D.; Lawston, P.


    Advances in satellite monitoring of the terrestrial water cycle have led to a concerted effort to assimilate soil moisture observations from various platforms into offline land surface models (LSMs). One principal but still open question is that of the ability of land data assimilation (LDA) to improve LSM initial conditions for coupled short-term weather prediction. In this study, the impact of assimilating Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for EOS (AMSR-E) soil moisture retrievals on coupled WRF Model forecasts is examined during the summers of dry (2006) and wet (2007) surface conditions in the southern Great Plains. LDA is carried out using NASAs Land Information System (LIS) and the Noah LSM through an ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) approach. The impacts of LDA on the 1) soil moisture and soil temperature initial conditions for WRF, 2) land-atmosphere coupling characteristics, and 3) ambient weather of the coupled LIS-WRF simulations are then assessed. Results show that impacts of soil moisture LDA during the spin-up can significantly modify LSM states and fluxes, depending on regime and season. Results also indicate that the use of seasonal cumulative distribution functions (CDFs) is more advantageous compared to the traditional annual CDF bias correction strategies. LDA performs consistently regardless of atmospheric forcing applied, with greater improvements seen when using coarser, global forcing products. Downstream impacts on coupled simulations vary according to the strength of the LDA impact at the initialization, where significant modifications to the soil moisture flux- PBL-ambient weather process chain are observed. Overall, this study demonstrates potential for future, higher-resolution soil moisture assimilation applications in weather and climate research.

  13. Controlled Under Pressure: Understanding Spin Orbit Coupling and Exchange Anisotropy in Organic Magnets (United States)

    Hill, Stephen


    The application of high pressure in the study of molecule-based materials has gained considerable interest, in part due to their high compressibilities, but also because the relevant electronic/magnetic degrees of freedom are often very sensitive to pressure. For example, small changes in the coordination environment around a magnetic transition metal ion can produce quite dramatic variations in both the on-site spin-orbit anisotropy as well as the exchange interactions between such ions when assembled into clusters or 3D networks. This has spurred the development of sophisticated spectroscopic tools that can be integrated with high-pressure instrumentation. The study of magnetic structure/property relations requires not only precise crystallographic data, but also detailed spectroscopic information concerning the unpaired electrons that give rise to the magnetic properties. This invited talk will begin with a brief description of the development and application of methods enabling EPR studies of oriented single-crystal samples subjected to hydrostatic pressures of up to 3.5 GPa. After an introductory example, the remainder of the talk will focus on a family of heavy atom organic radical ferromagnets (containing S and Se heteroatoms) that hold records for both the highest transition temperature and coercivity (for organic magnets). The latter is the result of an unexpectedly high magnetic anisotropy, attributable to spin-orbit-mediated exchange (hopping) processes., Ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) measurements reveal a continuous increase in the magnetic anisotropy with increasing pressure in the all Se compound, in excellent agreement with ab initio calculations based on the known pressure-dependence of its structure. The large value of anisotropic exchange terms in this heavy atom organic ferromagnet emphasizes the important role of spin-orbit coupling in a wide range of organics where this effect is usually considered to be small. This work was supported by the

  14. p -wave superconductivity in weakly repulsive 2D Hubbard model with Zeeman splitting and weak Rashba spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Hugdal, Henning G.; Sudbø, Asle


    We study the superconducting order in a two-dimensional square lattice Hubbard model with weak repulsive interactions, subject to a Zeeman field and weak Rashba spin-orbit interactions. Diagonalizing the noninteracting Hamiltonian leads to two separate bands, and by deriving an effective low-energy interaction we find the mean field gap equations for the superconducting order parameter on the bands. Solving the gap equations just below the critical temperature, we find that superconductivity is caused by Kohn-Luttinger-type interaction, while the pairing symmetry of the bands is indirectly affected by the spin-orbit coupling. The dominating attractive momentum channel of the Kohn-Luttinger term depends on the filling fraction n of the system, and it is therefore possible to change the momentum dependence of the order parameter by tuning n . Moreover, n also determines which band has the highest critical temperature. Rotating the magnetic field changes the momentum dependence from states that for small momenta reduce to a chiral px±i py type state for out-of-plane fields, to a nodal p -wave-type state for purely in-plane fields.

  15. Novel coupling scheme to control dynamics of coupled discrete systems (United States)

    Shekatkar, Snehal M.; Ambika, G.


    We present a new coupling scheme to control spatio-temporal patterns and chimeras on 1-d and 2-d lattices and random networks of discrete dynamical systems. The scheme involves coupling with an external lattice or network of damped systems. When the system network and external network are set in a feedback loop, the system network can be controlled to a homogeneous steady state or synchronized periodic state with suppression of the chaotic dynamics of the individual units. The control scheme has the advantage that its design does not require any prior information about the system dynamics or its parameters and works effectively for a range of parameters of the control network. We analyze the stability of the controlled steady state or amplitude death state of lattices using the theory of circulant matrices and Routh-Hurwitz criterion for discrete systems and this helps to isolate regions of effective control in the relevant parameter planes. The conditions thus obtained are found to agree well with those obtained from direct numerical simulations in the specific context of lattices with logistic map and Henon map as on-site system dynamics. We show how chimera states developed in an experimentally realizable 2-d lattice can be controlled using this scheme. We propose this mechanism can provide a phenomenological model for the control of spatio-temporal patterns in coupled neurons due to non-synaptic coupling with the extra cellular medium. We extend the control scheme to regulate dynamics on random networks and adapt the master stability function method to analyze the stability of the controlled state for various topologies and coupling strengths.

  16. Variational Monte Carlo for spin-orbit interacting systems (United States)

    Ambrosetti, A.; Silvestrelli, P. L.; Toigo, F.; Mitas, L.; Pederiva, F.


    Recently, a diffusion Monte Carlo algorithm was applied to the study of spin-dependent interactions in condensed matter [A. Ambrosetti, F. Pederiva, E. Lipparini, and S. Gandolfi, Phys. Rev. BPRBMDO1098-012110.1103/PhysRevB.80.125306 80, 125306 (2009)]. Following some of the ideas presented therein, and applied to a Hamiltonian containing a Rashba-like interaction, a general variational Monte Carlo approach is here introduced that treats in an efficient and very accurate way the spin degrees of freedom in atoms when spin-orbit effects are included in the Hamiltonian describing the electronic structure. We illustrate the algorithm on the evaluation of the spin-orbit splittings of isolated C, Tl, Pb, Bi, and Po atoms. In the case of the carbon atom, we investigate the differences between the inclusion of the spin orbit in its realistic and effective spherically symmetrized forms. The method exhibits a very good accuracy in describing the small energy splittings, opening the way for systematic quantum Monte Carlo studies of spin-orbit effects in atomic systems.

  17. Electrical switching of antiferromagnets via strongly spin-orbit coupled materials (United States)

    Li, Xi-Lai; Duan, Xiaopeng; Semenov, Yuriy G.; Kim, Ki Wook


    Electrically controlled ultra-fast switching of an antiferromagnet (AFM) is shown to be realizable by interfacing it with a material of strong spin-orbit coupling. The proximity interaction between the sublattice magnetic moments of a layered AFM and the spin-polarized free electrons at the interface offers an efficient way to manipulate antiferromagnetic states. A quantitative analysis, using the combination with a topological insulator as an example, demonstrates highly reliable 90° and 180° rotations of AFM magnetic states under two different mechanisms of effective torque generation at the interface. The estimated switching speed and energy requirement are in the ps and aJ ranges, respectively, which are about two-three orders of magnitude better than the ferromagnetic counterparts. The observed differences in the magnetization dynamics may explain the disparate characteristic responses. Unlike the usual precessional/chiral motions in the ferromagnets, those of the AFMs can essentially be described as a damped oscillator with a more direct path. The impact of random thermal fluctuations is also examined.

  18. Multi-reference approach to the calculation of photoelectron spectra including spin-orbit coupling

    CERN Document Server

    Grell, Gilbert; Winter, Bernd; Seidel, Robert; Aziz, Emad F; Aziz, Saadullah G; Kühn, Oliver


    X-ray photoelectron spectra provide a wealth of information on the electronic structure. The extraction of molecular details requires adequate theoretical methods, which in case of transition metal complexes has to account for effects due to the multi-configurational and spin-mixed nature of the many-electron wave function. Here, the Restricted Active Space Self-Consistent Field method including spin-orbit coupling is used to cope with this challenge and to calculate valence and core photoelectron spectra. The intensities are estimated within the frameworks of the Dyson orbital formalism and the sudden approximation. Thereby, we utilize an efficient computational algorithm that is based on a biorthonormal basis transformation. The approach is applied to the valence photoionization of the gas phase water molecule and to the core ionization spectrum of the $\\text{[Fe(H}_2\\text{O)}_6\\text{]}^{2+}$ complex. The results show good agreement with the experimental data obtained in this work, whereas the sudden approx...

  19. Equation-of-motion coupled cluster method for the description of the high spin excited states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Musiał, Monika, E-mail:; Lupa, Łukasz; Kucharski, Stanisław A. [Institute of Chemistry, University of Silesia, Szkolna 9, 40-006 Katowice (Poland)


    The equation-of-motion (EOM) coupled cluster (CC) approach in the version applicable for the excitation energy (EE) calculations has been formulated for high spin components. The EE-EOM-CC scheme based on the restricted Hartree-Fock reference and standard amplitude equations as used in the Davidson diagonalization procedure yields the singlet states. The triplet and higher spin components require separate amplitude equations. In the case of quintets, the relevant equations are much simpler and easier to solve. Out of 26 diagrammatic terms contributing to the R{sub 1} and R{sub 2} singlet equations in the case of quintets, only R{sub 2} operator survives with 5 diagrammatic terms present. In addition all terms engaging three body elements of the similarity transformed Hamiltonian disappear. This indicates a substantial simplification of the theory. The implemented method has been applied to the pilot study of the excited states of the C{sub 2} molecule and quintet states of C and Si atoms.

  20. Two-component relativistic coupled-cluster methods using mean-field spin-orbit integrals (United States)

    Liu, Junzi; Shen, Yue; Asthana, Ayush; Cheng, Lan


    A novel implementation of the two-component spin-orbit (SO) coupled-cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) method and the CCSD augmented with the perturbative inclusion of triple excitations [CCSD(T)] method using mean-field SO integrals is reported. The new formulation of SO-CCSD(T) features an atomic-orbital-based algorithm for the particle-particle ladder term in the CCSD equation, which not only removes the computational bottleneck associated with the large molecular-orbital integral file but also accelerates the evaluation of the particle-particle ladder term by around a factor of 4 by taking advantage of the spin-free nature of the instantaneous electron-electron Coulomb interaction. Benchmark calculations of the SO splittings for the thallium atom and a set of diatomic 2Π radicals as well as of the bond lengths and harmonic frequencies for a set of closed-shell diatomic molecules are presented. The basis-set and core-correlation effects in the calculations of these properties have been carefully analyzed.

  1. Spin- and valley-dependent electronic band structure and electronic heat capacity of ferromagnetic silicene in the presence of strain, exchange field and Rashba spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Hoi, Bui Dinh; Yarmohammadi, Mohsen; Kazzaz, Houshang Araghi


    We studied how the strain, induced exchange field and extrinsic Rashba spin-orbit coupling (RSOC) enhance the electronic band structure (EBS) and electronic heat capacity (EHC) of ferromagnetic silicene in presence of external electric field (EF) by using the Kane-Mele Hamiltonian, Dirac cone approximation and the Green's function approach. Particular attention is paid to investigate the EHC of spin-up and spin-down bands at Dirac K and K‧ points. We have varied the EF, strain, exchange field and RSOC to tune the energy of inter-band transitions and consequently EHC, leading to very promising features for future applications. Evaluation of EF exhibits three phases: Topological insulator (TI), valley-spin polarized metal (VSPM) and band insulator (BI) at given aforementioned parameters. As a new finding, we have found a quantum anomalous Hall phase in BI regime at strong RSOCs. Interestingly, the effective mass of carriers changes with strain, resulting in EHC behaviors. Here, exchange field has the same behavior with EF. Finally, we have confirmed the reported and expected symmetry results for both Dirac points and spins with the study of valley-dependent EHC.

  2. Ferromagnetic transition in a one-dimensional spin-orbit-coupled metal and its mapping to a critical point in smectic liquid crystals (United States)

    Kozii, Vladyslav; Ruhman, Jonathan; Fu, Liang; Radzihovsky, Leo


    We study the quantum phase transition between a paramagnetic and ferromagnetic metal in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit coupling in one dimension. Using bosonization, we analyze the transition by means of renormalization group, controlled by an ɛ expansion around the upper critical dimension of two. We show that the presence of Rashba spin-orbit coupling allows for a new nonlinear term in the bosonized action, which generically leads to a fluctuation driven first-order transition. We further demonstrate that the Euclidean action of this system maps onto a classical smectic-A-C phase transition in a magnetic field in two dimensions. We show that the smectic transition is second order and is controlled by a new critical point.

  3. Massively parallel implementations of coupled-cluster methods for electron spin resonance spectra. I. Isotropic hyperfine coupling tensors in large radicals (United States)

    Verma, Prakash; Perera, Ajith; Morales, Jorge A.


    Coupled cluster (CC) methods provide highly accurate predictions of molecular properties, but their high computational cost has precluded their routine application to large systems. Fortunately, recent computational developments in the ACES III program by the Bartlett group [the OED/ERD atomic integral package, the super instruction processor, and the super instruction architecture language] permit overcoming that limitation by providing a framework for massively parallel CC implementations. In that scheme, we are further extending those parallel CC efforts to systematically predict the three main electron spin resonance (ESR) tensors (A-, g-, and D-tensors) to be reported in a series of papers. In this paper inaugurating that series, we report our new ACES III parallel capabilities that calculate isotropic hyperfine coupling constants in 38 neutral, cationic, and anionic radicals that include the 11B, 17O, 9Be, 19F, 1H, 13C, 35Cl, 33S,14N, 31P, and 67Zn nuclei. Present parallel calculations are conducted at the Hartree-Fock (HF), second-order many-body perturbation theory [MBPT(2)], CC singles and doubles (CCSD), and CCSD with perturbative triples [CCSD(T)] levels using Roos augmented double- and triple-zeta atomic natural orbitals basis sets. HF results consistently overestimate isotropic hyperfine coupling constants. However, inclusion of electron correlation effects in the simplest way via MBPT(2) provides significant improvements in the predictions, but not without occasional failures. In contrast, CCSD results are consistently in very good agreement with experimental results. Inclusion of perturbative triples to CCSD via CCSD(T) leads to small improvements in the predictions, which might not compensate for the extra computational effort at a non-iterative N7-scaling in CCSD(T). The importance of these accurate computations of isotropic hyperfine coupling constants to elucidate experimental ESR spectra, to interpret spin-density distributions, and to

  4. On the spectrum of the lattice spin-boson Hamiltonian for any coupling: 1D case

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muminov, M., E-mail: [Faculty of Sciences, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai (Malaysia); Neidhardt, H., E-mail: [Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics, Mohrenstr. 39, D-10117 Berlin (Germany); Rasulov, T., E-mail: [Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, Bukhara State University, M. Ikbol str. 11, 200100 Bukhara (Uzbekistan)


    A lattice model of radiative decay (so-called spin-boson model) of a two level atom and at most two photons is considered. The location of the essential spectrum is described. For any coupling constant, the finiteness of the number of eigenvalues below the bottom of its essential spectrum is proved. The results are obtained by considering a more general model H for which the lower bound of its essential spectrum is estimated. Conditions which guarantee the finiteness of the number of eigenvalues of H below the bottom of its essential spectrum are found. It is shown that the discrete spectrum might be infinite if the parameter functions are chosen in a special form.

  5. Filling-enforced quantum band insulators in spin-orbit coupled crystals (United States)

    Po, Hoi Chun; Watanabe, Haruki; Zaletel, Michael P.; Vishwanath, Ashvin


    An early triumph of quantum mechanics was the explanation of metallic and insulating behavior based on the filling of electronic bands. A complementary, classical picture of insulators depicts electrons as occupying localized and symmetric Wannier orbitals that resemble atomic orbitals. We report the theoretical discovery of band insulators for which electron filling forbids such an atomic description. We refer to them as filling-enforced quantum band insulators (feQBIs) because their wave functions are associated with an essential degree of quantum entanglement. Like topological insulators, which also do not admit an atomic description, feQBIs need spin-orbit coupling for their realization. However, they do not necessarily support gapless surface states. Instead, the band topology is reflected in the insulating behavior at an unconventional filling. We present tight binding models of feQBIs and show that they only occur in certain nonsymmorphic, body-centered cubic crystals. PMID:27152352

  6. Impact of Spin-Orbit Coupling on Photocurrent Generation in Ruthenium Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. (United States)

    Fantacci, Simona; Ronca, Enrico; De Angelis, Filippo


    Relativistic TDDFT calculations have been performed employing a novel computational approach to evaluate the impact of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in the optical and photovoltaic properties of panchromatic Ru(II) dyes for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The employed computational setup accurately reproduces the optical properties of the investigated dyes, allowing an assessment of the factors responsible for the varying SOC with the dye metal-ligand environment. While for the prototypical panchromatic black dye sensitizer a negligible SOC effect is found, the SOC-induced spectral broadening calculated for the recently reported DX1 dye partly enhances the light-harvesting efficiency and consequently the photocurrent generation in DSCs based on this dye.

  7. Optical conductivity of layered ruthenates. The role of spin-orbit coupling and Coulomb anisotropy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarvestani, Esmaeel; Zhang, Guoren; Gorelov, Evgeny; Pavarini, Eva [Institute for Advanced Simulation, Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany)


    We use the combination of density functional theory and dynamical mean-field theory (LDA+DMFT) to calculate the optical conductivity of the layered ruthenates Sr{sub 2}RuO{sub 4} and Sr{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}O{sub 7}. The calculations are performed via linear response theory and Kubo's formalism. For Sr{sub 2}RuO{sub 4} two sets of interaction parameters, (U,J)=(2.3,0.4)eV and (3.1,0.7)eV, both commonly employed for ruthenates, are used. We show that including the spin-orbit coupling improves the agreement with experimental data. Finally, we analyze the effects of low-symmetry Coulomb interaction.

  8. Rabi oscillation and electron-spin-echo envelope modulation of the photoexcited triplet spin system in silicon (United States)

    Akhtar, Waseem; Sekiguchi, Takeharu; Itahashi, Tatsumasa; Filidou, Vasileia; Morton, John J. L.; Vlasenko, Leonid; Itoh, Kohei M.


    We report on a pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) study of the photoexcited triplet state (S=1) of oxygen-vacancy centers in silicon. Rabi oscillations between the triplet sublevels are observed using coherent manipulation with a resonant microwave pulse. The Hahn echo and stimulated echo decay profiles are superimposed with strong modulations known as electron-spin-echo envelope modulation (ESEEM). The ESEEM spectra reveal a weak but anisotropic hyperfine coupling between the triplet electron spin and a 29Si nuclear spin (I=1/2) residing at a nearby lattice site, that cannot be resolved in conventional field-swept EPR spectra.

  9. Spin-wave-induced spin torque in Rashba ferromagnets (United States)

    Umetsu, Nobuyuki; Miura, Daisuke; Sakuma, Akimasa


    We study the effects of Rashba spin-orbit coupling on the spin torque induced by spin waves, which are the plane-wave dynamics of magnetization. The spin torque is derived from linear-response theory, and we calculate the dynamic spin torque by considering the impurity-ladder-sum vertex corrections. This dynamic spin torque is divided into three terms: a damping term, a distortion term, and a correction term for the equation of motion. The distorting torque describes a phenomenon unique to the Rashba spin-orbit coupling system, where the distorted motion of magnetization precession is subjected to the anisotropic force from the Rashba coupling. The oscillation mode of the precession exhibits an elliptical trajectory, and the ellipticity depends on the strength of the nesting effects, which could be reduced by decreasing the electron lifetime.

  10. Spin selection rules on the quantum tunneling of magnetization in Mn3 molecule magnets with intermolecular exchange couplings (United States)

    An, LuLu; Li, YanRong; Mi, ZhenYu; Song, XiaoHui; Wang, YunPing


    By means of low-temperature magnetic measurements, it is seen that, quantum spin selection rules also apply to the Mn3 molecule magnets which have intermolecular exchange couplings. The absence of two splitting steps of the tunneling from |6〉 to |‑5〉 indicates that the transitions are confined to the C 3 molecular symmetry. This is the first manifestation of quantum phase interference in the molecule magnets with intermolecular exchange couplings.

  11. Analysis of Synchronization for Coupled Hybrid Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Zheng; Wisniewski, Rafal


    In the control systems with coupled multi-subsystem, the subsystems might be synchronized (i.e. all the subsystems have the same operation states), which results in negative influence to the whole system. For example, in the supermarket refrigeration systems, the synchronized switch of each...... subsystem will cause low efficiency, inferior control performance and a high wear on the compressor. This paper takes the supermarket refrigeration systems as an example to analyze the synchronization and its coupling strengths of coupled hybrid systems, which may provide a base for further research...

  12. Phase-coherent transport and spin-orbit-coupling in III/V-semiconductor nanowires; Phasenkohaerenter Transport und Spin-Bahn-Wechselwirkung in III/V-Halbleiternanodraehten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estevez Hernandez, Sergio


    Semiconductor nanowires fabricated by a bottom-up approach are not only interesting for the realization of future nanoscaled devices but also appear to be very attractive model systems to tackle fundamental questions concerning the transport in strongly confined systems. In order to avoid the problem connected with carrier depletion, narrowband gap semiconductors, i.e., InAs or InN, or core-shell Nanowires, i.e., GaAs/AlGaAs, are preferred. The underlying reason is that in InAs or InN the Fermi-level pinning in the conduction band results in a carrier accumulation at the surface. In fact, the tubular topology of the surface electron gas opens up the possibility to observe unconventional quantum transport phenomena. When the phase-coherence length in the nanowire is comparable to its dimensions the conductance fluctuates if a magnetic field is applied or if the electron concentration is changed by means of a gate electrode. These so-called universal conductance fluctuations being in the order of e{sup 2}/h originate from the fact that in small disordered samples, electron interference effects are not averaged out. In this work are analyzed universal conductance fluctuations to study the quantum transport properties in InN, InAs and GaAs/AlGaAs nanowires. With the use of a magnetic field and a back-gate electrode the universal conductance fluctuations and localizations effects were analyzed. Since InN and InAs are narrow band gap semiconductors, one naturally expects spin-orbit coupling effects. Because this phenomena is of importance for spin electronic applications. However, owing to the cylindrical symmetry of the InN and InAs nanowires, the latter effect was observable and actually be used to determine the strength of spin-orbit coupling. In order to clearly separate the weak antilocalization effect from the conductance fluctuations, the averaging of the magnetoconductance at different gate voltages was essential. The low-temperature quantum transport properties

  13. Quantum one dimensional spin systems. Disorder and impurities; Systemes de spins quantiques unidimensionnels. Desordre et impuretes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brunel, V


    This thesis presents three studies that are respectively the spin-1 disordered chain, the non magnetic impurities in the spin-1/2 chain and the reaction-diffusion process. The spin-1 chain of weak disorder is performed by the Abelian bosonization and the renormalization group. This allows to take into account the competition between the disorder and the interactions and predicts the effects of various spin-1 anisotropy chain phases under many different disorders. A second work uses the non magnetic impurities as local probes of the correlations in the spin-1/2 chain. When the impurities are connected to the chain boundary, the author predicts a temperature dependence of the relaxation rate (1/T) of the nuclear spin impurities, different from the case of these impurities connected to the whole chain. The last work deals with one dimensional reaction-diffusion problem. The Jordan-Wigner transformation allows to consider a fermionic field theory that critical exponents follow from the renormalization group. (A.L.B.)

  14. Dimensionality-Driven Metal-Insulator Transition in Spin-Orbit-Coupled SrIrO3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schütz, P.; Di Sante, D.; Dudy, L.; Gabel, J.; Stübinger, M.; Kamp, M.; Huang, Y.; Capone, M.; Husanu, M.A.; Strocov, V.N.; Sangiovanni, G.; Sing, M.; Claessen, R.


    Upon reduction of the film thickness we observe a metal-insulator transition in epitaxially stabilized, spin-orbit-coupled SrIrO3 ultrathin films. By comparison of the experimental electronic dispersions with density functional theory at various levels of complexity we identify the leading

  15. Role of nuclear spin-orbit coupling on the constitution of the outer crust of a nonaccreting neutron star

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chamel N.


    Full Text Available The role of the nuclear spin-orbit coupling on the equilibrium composition and on the equation of state of the outer crust of a nonaccreting neutron star is studied by employing a series of three different nuclear mass models based on the self-consistent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov method.

  16. Coherent spin dynamics of an interwell excitonic gas in GaAs/AlGaAs coupled quantum wells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larionov, A. V.; Bisti, V. E.; Bayer, M.


    The spin dynamics of an interwell exciton gas has been investigated in n-i-n GaAs/AlGaAs coupled quantum wells. The time evolution kinetics of the interwell exciton photoluminescence has been measured under resonant excitation of the 1s heavy-hole intrawell exciton, using a pulsed tunable laser...

  17. Calculations of the indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants of PbH4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirpekar, Sheela; Sauer, Stephan P. A.


    dominates the Pb-H coupling, whereas for the H-H coupling it is not more important than the orbital paramagnetic and diamagnetic contributions. Correlation affects mainly the Fermi contact term. Its contribution to the one-bond coupling constant is reduced by correlation, independent of the method used...

  18. Spin wave eigenmodes in single and coupled sub-150 nm rectangular permalloy dots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlotti, G., E-mail:; Madami, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Geologia, Università di Perugia, Perugia (Italy); Tacchi, S. [Istituto Officina dei Materiali del CNR (CNR-IOM), Dipartimento di Fisica e Geologia, Perugia (Italy); Gubbiotti, G.; Dey, H.; Csaba, G.; Porod, W. [Center for Nano Science and Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)


    We present the results of a Brillouin light scattering investigation of thermally excited spin wave eigenmodes in square arrays of either isolated rectangular dots of permalloy or twins of dipolarly coupled elements, placed side-by-side or head-to-tail. The nanodots, fabricated by e-beam lithography and lift-off, are 20 nm thick and have the major size D in the range between 90 nm and 150 nm. The experimental spectra show the presence of two main peaks, corresponding to modes localized either at the edges or in the center of the dots. Their frequency dependence on the dot size and on the interaction with adjacent elements has been measured and successfully interpreted on the basis of dynamical micromagnetic simulations. The latter enabled us also to describe the spatial profile of the eigenmodes, putting in evidence the effects induced by the dipolar interaction between coupled dots. In particular, in twinned dots the demagnetizing field is appreciably modified in proximity of the “internal edges” if compared to the “external” ones, leading to a splitting of the edge mode. These results can be relevant for the exploitation of sub-150 nm magnetic dots in new applications, such as magnonic metamaterials, bit-patterned storage media, and nano-magnetic logic devices.

  19. Tunneling conductance oscillations in spin-orbit coupled metal-insulator-superconductor junctions (United States)

    Kapri, Priyadarshini; Basu, Saurabh


    The tunneling conductance for a device consisting of a metal-insulator-superconductor (MIS) junction is studied in presence of Rashba spin-orbit coupling (RSOC) via an extended Blonder-Tinkham-Klapwijk formalism. We find that the tunneling conductance as a function of an effective barrier potential that defines the insulating layer and lies intermediate to the metallic and superconducting electrodes, displays an oscillatory behavior. The tunneling conductance shows high sensitivity to the RSOC for certain ranges of this potential, while it is insensitive to the RSOC for others. Additionally, when the period of oscillations is an odd multiple of a certain value of the effective potential, the conductance spectrum as a function of the biasing energy demonstrates a contrasting trend with RSOC, compared to when it is not an odd multiple. The explanations for the observation can be found in terms of a competition between the normal and Andreev reflections. Similar oscillatory behavior of the conductance spectrum is also seen for other superconducting pairing symmetries, thereby emphasizing that the insulating layer plays a decisive role in the conductance oscillations of a MIS junction. For a tunable Rashba coupling, the current flowing through the junction can be controlled with precision.

  20. I. Advances in NMR Signal Processing. II. Spin Dynamics in Quantum Dissipative Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, Yung-Ya [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)


    Part I. Advances in IVMR Signal Processing. Improvements of sensitivity and resolution are two major objects in the development of NMR/MRI. A signal enhancement method is first presented which recovers signal from noise by a judicious combination of a priordmowledge to define the desired feasible solutions and a set theoretic estimation for restoring signal properties that have been lost due to noise contamination. The effect of noise can be significantly mitigated through the process of iteratively modifying the noisy data set to the smallest degree necessary so that it possesses a collection of prescribed properties and also lies closest to the original data set. A novel detection-estimation scheme is then introduced to analyze noisy and/or strongly damped or truncated FIDs. Based on exponential modeling, the number of signals is detected based on information estimated using the matrix pencil method. theory and the spectral parameters are Part II. Spin Dynamics in body dipole-coupled systems Quantum Dissipative Systems. Spin dynamics in manyconstitutes one of the most fundamental problems in magnetic resonance and condensed-matter physics. Its many-spin nature precludes any rigorous treatment. ‘Therefore, the spin-boson model is adopted to describe in the rotating frame the influence of the dipolar local fields on a tagged spin. Based on the polaronic transform and a perturbation treatment, an analytical solution is derived, suggesting the existence of self-trapped states in the. strong coupling limit, i.e., when transverse local field >> longitudinal local field. Such nonlinear phenomena originate from the joint action of the lattice fluctuations and the reaction field. Under semiclassical approximation, it is found that the main effect of the reaction field is the renormalization of the Hamiltonian of interest. Its direct consequence is the two-step relaxation process: the spin is initially localized in a quasiequilibrium state, which is later detrapped by

  1. Effect of Cu2 + substitution in spin-orbit coupled Sr2Ir1 -xCuxO4 : Structure, magnetism, and electronic properties (United States)

    Bhatti, Imtiaz Noor; Dhaka, R. S.; Pramanik, A. K.


    Sr2Ir O4 is an extensively studied spin-orbit coupling induced insulator with antiferromagnetic ground state. The delicate balance between competing energy scales plays a crucial role for its low-temperature phase and the route of chemical substitution has often been used to tune these different energy scales. Here, we report an evolution of structural, magnetic, and electronic properties in doped Sr2Ir1 -xCuxO4 (x ≤0.2 ). The substitution of Cu2 + (3 d9 ) for Ir4 + (5 d5 ) acts for electron doping, though it tunes the related parameters such as spin-orbit coupling, electron correlation, and Ir charge state. Moreover, both Ir4 + and Cu2 + has single unpaired spin, though it occupies different d orbitals. With Cu substitution, the system retains its original structural symmetry but the structural parameters show systematic changes. X-ray photoemission spectroscopy measurements show that Ir4 + equivalently converts to Ir5 + and a significant enhancement in the density of states has been observed at the Fermi level due to the contribution from the Cu 3 d orbitals, which supports the observed decrease in the resistivity with Cu substitution. While the long-range magnetic ordering is much weakened and the highest-doped sample shows almost paramagneticlike behavior, the overall system remains insulator. Analysis of the resistivity data shows a mode of charge conduction in the whole series follows a two-dimensional variable-range-hopping model, but the range of validity varies with temperature. The whole series of samples exhibits negative magnetoresistance at low temperature, which is considered to be a signature of a weak-localization effect in a spin-orbit coupled system, and its evolution with Cu appears to follow the variation of resistivity with x .

  2. Nanotube quantum dot transport with spin-orbit coupling and interacting leads (United States)

    Ogloblya, O. V.; Kuznetsova, G. M.


    To date the impact of spin bias on the Kondo effect in nanotube quantum dots (QDs) is scarcely explored, especially in the case of significant Coulomb interaction between quantum dots and electric contact leads. Recent rapid experimental progress in nanotechnology opens new possibilities to study spin-bias-induced transport phenomena. Thus, of great interest are theoretical investigations of these transport properties in comparison with the case of a conventionally applied voltage for nanotube QDs interacting with contact leads. Such an investigation was carried out in this work where we analyzed the effects of a spin voltage as well as a conventionally applied voltage in a QD system with a different number of quantum states in the dot region in the presence of Coulombic interaction between the quantum dot and two leads. The transport is described within the Keldysh non-equilibrium Green's function (NEGF) framework. We extended the NEGF treatment developed for noninteracting leads onto the case of four quantum states m={σ,λ}={±,±} (two spins and two energy subbands, which are the cases for a nanotube QD) interacting with leads. Our derivation is based on the equation-of-motion technique and Langreth's theorem. For a Coulombic repulsion between the contacts and QD we obtain an expression for the current through QD for the four quantum states. To determine the parameters of the model Hamiltonian we used our previous calculations (Ogloblya and Prylutskyy, 2010 [1]) of the electronic properties of a symmetrical nanotube QD (5,5)/(10,0)_1/(5,5) in a tight binding model, where _1 denotes the length of the middle QD segment of a (10,0) zigzag nanotube. We calculated the density of electronic states with spin up and down for the case of a single QD without pseudospin states for an infinite Coulomb repulsion, in good agreement with the calculations of Li et al. (2011 [2]). Our calculation showed that the position of the conductance peaks nearest to zero is not affected

  3. Damped gyroscopic effects and axial-flexural-torsional coupling using spinning finite elements for wind-turbine blades characterization (United States)

    Velazquez, Antonio; Swartz, R. Andrew


    Renewable energy sources like wind are important technologies, useful to alleviate for the current fossil-fuel crisis. Capturing wind energy in a more efficient way has resulted in the emergence of more sophisticated designs of wind turbines, particularly Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbines (HAWTs). To promote efficiency, traditional finite element methods have been widely used to characterize the aerodynamics of these types of multi-body systems and improve their design. Given their aeroelastic behavior, tapered-swept blades offer the potential to optimize energy capture and decrease fatigue loads. Nevertheless, modeling special complex geometries requires huge computational efforts necessitating tradeoffs between faster computation times at lower cost, and reliability and numerical accuracy. Indeed, the computational cost and the numerical effort invested, using traditional FE methods, to reproduce dependable aerodynamics of these complex-shape beams are sometimes prohibitive. A condensed Spinning Finite Element (SFE) method scheme is presented in this study aimed to alleviate this issue by means of modeling wind-turbine rotor blades properly with tapered-swept cross-section variations of arbitrary order via Lagrangian equations. Axial-flexural-torsional coupling is carried out on axial deformation, torsion, in-plane bending and out-of-plane bending using super-convergent elements. In this study, special attention is paid for the case of damped yaw effects, expressed within the described skew-symmetric damped gyroscopic matrix. Dynamics of the model are analyzed by achieving modal analysis with complex-number eigen-frequencies. By means of mass, damped gyroscopic, and stiffness (axial-flexural-torsional coupling) matrix condensation (order reduction), numerical analysis is carried out for several prototypes with different tapered, swept, and curved variation intensities, and for a practical range of spinning velocities at different rotation angles. A convergence study

  4. Quantum Control of a Spin Qubit Coupled to a Photonic Crystal Cavity (United States)


    rotation pulse power and is indicative of damped Rabi oscillations of the electron spin. The peaks at 3 mW and 11 mW correspond to rotation pulses with...triangular lattice of holes (radii, 70 nm) with a lattice spacing of 242 nm were etched through the epilayer into the AlGaAs, with three missing...system in a p-i-n junction. Opt. Express 17, 18651–18658 (2009). 9. Yoshie, T. et al. Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic

  5. Universally coupled massive gravity, III: dRGT–Maheshwari pure spin-2, Ogievetsky–Polubarinov and arbitrary mass terms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pitts, J. Brian, E-mail:


    Einstein’s equations were derived for a free massless spin-2 field using universal coupling in the 1950–1970s by various authors; total stress–energy including gravity’s served as a source for linear free field equations. A massive variant was likewise derived in the late 1960s by Freund, Maheshwari and Schonberg, and thought to be unique. How broad is universal coupling? In the last decade four 1-parameter families of massive spin-2 theories (contravariant, covariant, tetrad, and cotetrad of almost any density weights) have been derived using universal coupling. The (co)tetrad derivations included 2 of the 3 pure spin-2 theories due to de Rham, Gabadadze, and Tolley; those two theories first appeared in the 2-parameter Ogievetsky–Polubarinov family (1965), which developed the symmetric square root of the metric as a nonlinear group realization. One of the two theories was identified as pure spin-2 by Maheshwari in 1971–1972, thus evading the Boulware–Deser–Tyutin–Fradkin ghost by the time it was announced. Unlike the previous 4 families, this paper permits nonlinear field redefinitions to build the effective metric. By not insisting in advance on knowing the observable significance of the graviton potential to all orders, one finds that an arbitrary graviton mass term can be derived using universal coupling. The arbitrariness of a universally coupled mass/self-interaction term contrasts sharply with the uniqueness of the Einstein kinetic term. One might have hoped to use universal coupling as a tie-breaking criterion for choosing among theories that are equally satisfactory on more crucial grounds (such as lacking ghosts and having a smooth massless limit). But the ubiquity of universal coupling implies that the criterion does not favor any particular theories among those with the Einstein kinetic term.

  6. ESPC Coupled Global Prediction System (United States)


    Reynolds Marine Meteorology Division, Code 7532 Naval Research Laboratory Monterey, CA 93943 phone: (831) 656-4728 fax: (831) 656-4769 email...and James Chen (SAIC). Oceanography and meteorology leads for coupled physical parameterizations for NAVGEM/HYCOM are James Richman (NRLSSC) and...wave forcing into HYCOM met with computational challenges. To mitigate the expense, Stokes drift is processed as a vertical profile that’s integrated

  7. NMR in Pulsed Magnetic Fields on the Orthogonal Shastry-Sutherland spin system SrCu2 (BO3)2 (United States)

    Stern, Raivo; Kohlrautz, Jonas; Kühne, Hannes; Greene, Liz; Wosnitza, Jochen; Haase, Jügen


    SrCu2(BO3)2 is a quasi-two-dimensional spin system consisting of Cu2+ ions which form orthogonal spin singlet dimers, also known as the Shastry-Sutherland lattice, in the ground state. Though this system has been studied extensively using a variety of techniques to probe the spin triplet excitations, including recent magnetization measurements over 100 T, microscopic techniques, such as nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), could provide further insight into the spin excitations and spin-coupling mechanisms. We demonstrate the feasibility of performing NMR on real physics system in pulsed magnets. We present 11B NMR spectra measured in pulsed magnetic fields up to 53 T, and compare those with prior results obtained in static magnetic fields. Herewith we prove the efficacy of this technique and then extend to higher fields to fully explore the spin structure of the 1/3 plateau. Support by EMFL, DFG, ETAg (EML+ & PUT210).

  8. Entanglement and discord for qubits and higher spin systems

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)


    Jul 26, 2014 ... We discuss aspects of entanglement and quantum discord, two of the quantum correlations that are of much interest in the field of quantum information. ... An analytical prescription for computing quantum discord when a qubit (spin-1/2 or two-level quantum system) is involved is presented along with ...

  9. A quantum spin system with random interactions I

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Е3ЖY Ж-. KMS states f&Е3Жg, the spectrum of the generator of the group of unitaries which implement (Е3Ж in the GNS representation is also almost surely independent of 3. Keywords. Spin; system; quasi-local; random; dynamics; evolution; ...

  10. A quantum spin system with random interactions I

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Keywords. Spin; system; quasi-local; random; dynamics; evolution; independent; Arveson; KMS. ... The notion of ergodicity of a measure preserving group of automorphisms of the probability space , is used to prove the almost sure independence of the Arveson spectrum S p ( T ( ) ) of T t ( ) . As a consequence, for any ...

  11. Emergent hybrid synchronization in coupled chaotic systems. (United States)

    Padmanaban, E; Boccaletti, Stefano; Dana, S K


    We evidence an interesting kind of hybrid synchronization in coupled chaotic systems where complete synchronization is restricted to only a subset of variables of two systems while other subset of variables may be in a phase synchronized state or desynchronized. Such hybrid synchronization is a generic emergent feature of coupled systems when a controller based coupling, designed by the Lyapunov function stability, is first engineered to induce complete synchronization in the identical case, and then a large parameter mismatch is introduced. We distinguish between two different hybrid synchronization regimes that emerge with parameter perturbation. The first, called hard hybrid synchronization, occurs when the coupled systems display global phase synchronization, while the second, called soft hybrid synchronization, corresponds to a situation where, instead, the global synchronization feature no longer exists. We verify the existence of both classes of hybrid synchronization in numerical examples of the Rössler system, a Lorenz-like system, and also in electronic experiment.

  12. Quantifying geometric measure of entanglement by mean value of spin and spin correlations with application to physical systems (United States)

    Frydryszak, Andrzej M.; Samar, Mykola I.; Tkachuk, Volodymyr M.


    We quantify the geometric measure of entanglement in terms of mean values of observables of entangled system. For pure states we find the relation of geometric measure of entanglement with the mean value of spin one-half for the system composed of spin and arbitrary quantum system. The geometric measure of entanglement for mixed states of rank-2 spanned by vectors |↑↓⟩, |↓↑⟩ or |↑↑⟩, |↓↓⟩ is studied as well. The result are generalized for corresponding rank-2 mixed states of arbitrary N spin system. We find the explicit expression for geometric entanglement and the relation of entanglement in this case with the values of spin correlations. These results allow to find experimentally the value of entanglement by measuring a value of the mean spin and the spin correlations for pure and mixed states, respectively. The obtained results are applied for calculation of entanglement during the evolution in spin chain with Ising interaction, two-spin Ising model in transverse fluctuating magnetic field, Schrödinger cat in fluctuating magnetic field.

  13. Large spin-orbit splitting in the conduction band of halogen (F, Cl, Br, and I) doped monolayer W S2 with spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Guo, Shaoqiang; Wang, Yuyan; Wang, Cong; Tang, Zilong; Zhang, Junying


    Spin-orbit (SO) splitting in the conduction-band minimum (CBM) of monolayer W S2 plays a pivotal role in spintronics for spin-valley coupled electron. Using first-principles calculation, a large SO splitting at the K point in the CBM is achieved in halogen doped monolayer W S2 (83.55 meV for F doped 4 × 4 × 1 supercell) because of the strong spin-orbit coupling induced by the asymmetric electric field. We further clarify that the asymmetric electric field originates from the stronger trigonal prismatic ligand field and asymmetric surface charge distribution incurred by halogen doping. More importantly, halogen doping could be used to lift the degeneracy of K and K' valleys in the CBM of monolayer W S2 by breaking the time-reversal symmetry. This research proposes a feasible method to enlarge the SO splitting in the CBM of transition-metal dichalcogenides, advancing their application in valley spintronic devices.

  14. Investigation of organic magnetoresistance dependence on spin-orbit coupling using 8-hydroxyquinolinate rare-earth based complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, R. S.; Ávila, H. C.; Cremona, M., E-mail: [Departamento de Física, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 22451-900 (Brazil); Costa, D. G. [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-972 (Brazil); Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais 36570-900 (Brazil); Paolini, T. B.; Brito, H. F. [Instituto de Química, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-000 (Brazil); Capaz, Rodrigo B. [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-972 (Brazil)


    The recently discovered organic magnetoresistance effect (OMAR) reveals the spin-dependent behavior of the charge transport in organic semiconductors. So far, it is known that hyperfine interactions play an important role in this phenomenon and also that spin-orbit coupling is negligible for light-atom based compounds. However, in the presence of heavy atoms, spin-orbit interactions should play an important role in OMAR. It is known that these interactions are responsible for singlet and triplet states mixing via intersystem crossing and the change of spin-charge relaxation time in the charge mobility process. In this work, we report a dramatic change in the OMAR effect caused by the presence of strong intramolecular spin-orbit coupling in a series of rare-earth quinolate organic complex-based devices. Our data show a different OMAR lineshape compared with the OMAR lineshape of tris(8-hydroxyquinolinate) aluminum-based devices, which are well described in the literature. In addition, electronic structure calculations based on density functional theory help to establish the connection between this results and the presence of heavy central ions in the different complexes.

  15. Identical synchronization of coupled Rossler systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yanchuk, S.; Maistrenko, Y.; Mosekilde, Erik


    Analyzing the transverse stability of low periodic orbits embedded in the synchronized chaotic state for a system of two coupled Rössler oscillators, we obtain the conditions for synchronization and determine the coupling parameters for which riddled basins of attraction may arise. It is shown how...

  16. Torque engineering in trilayer spin-hall system (United States)

    Gupta, Gaurav; Jalil, Mansoor Bin Abdul; Liang, Gengchiau


    A trilayer system with perpendicularly magnetized metallic (FMM) free-layer, heavy metal (HM) with strong spin-hall effect and ferromagnetic insulating (FMI) substrate has been proposed to significantly enhance the torque acting on FMM. Its magnitude can be engineered by configuring the magnetization of the FMI. The analytical solution has been developed for four stable magnetization states (non-magnetic and magnetization along three Cartesian axes) of FMI to comprehensively appraise the anti-damping torque on FMM and the Gain factor. It is shown that the proposed system has much larger gain and torque compared to a bilayer system (or a trilayer system with non-magnetic substrate). The performance improvement may be extremely large for system with a thin HM. Device optimization is shown to be non-trivial and various constraints have been explained. These results would enable design of more efficient spin-orbit torque memories and logic with faster switching at yet lower current.

  17. Magnetic coupling mechanisms in particle/thin film composite systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni A. Badini Confalonieri


    Full Text Available Magnetic γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles with a mean diameter of 20 nm and size distribution of 7% were chemically synthesized and spin-coated on top of a Si-substrate. As a result, the particles self-assembled into a monolayer with hexagonal close-packed order. Subsequently, the nanoparticle array was coated with a Co layer of 20 nm thickness. The magnetic properties of this composite nanoparticle/thin film system were investigated by magnetometry and related to high-resolution transmission electron microscopy studies. Herein three systems were compared: i.e. a reference sample with only the particle monolayer, a composite system where the particle array was ion-milled prior to the deposition of a thin Co film on top, and a similar composite system but without ion-milling. The nanoparticle array showed a collective super-spin behavior due to dipolar interparticle coupling. In the composite system, we observed a decoupling into two nanoparticle subsystems. In the ion-milled system, the nanoparticle layer served as a magnetic flux guide as observed by magnetic force microscopy. Moreover, an exchange bias effect was found, which is likely to be due to oxygen exchange between the iron oxide and the Co layer, and thus forming of an antiferromagnetic CoO layer at the γ-Fe2O3/Co interface.

  18. Verifying therapy safety interlock system with spin

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Seotsanyana, M


    Full Text Available on the successful use of model checking in the design and verification of the Safety Interlock System (SIS) at iThemba LABS. SIS is part of proton therapy control system (TCS) and its main task is to monitor and evaluate the safety conditions in the TCS as a whole...

  19. Design of energy generation system by using spinning bikes (United States)

    Flórez, J.; Núñes, C.; Osma, G.; Ordóñez, G.


    This paper presents the design of a system that generates energy by using the work done by a crew on a spinning bike. The builded system is configured by two subsystems: connection and injection of real-time power to the grid connection and power isolation for specific loads. The first subsystem will have twelve (12) units and the second will have six (6) units.

  20. On the truncation of the number of excited states in density functional theory sum-over-states calculations of indirect spin spin coupling constants. (United States)

    Zarycz, M Natalia C; Provasi, Patricio F; Sauer, Stephan P A


    It is investigated, whether the number of excited (pseudo)states can be truncated in the sum-over-states expression for indirect spin-spin coupling constants (SSCCs), which is used in the Contributions from Localized Orbitals within the Polarization Propagator Approach and Inner Projections of the Polarization Propagator (IPPP-CLOPPA) approach to analyzing SSCCs in terms of localized orbitals. As a test set we have studied the nine simple compounds, CH4, NH3, H2O, SiH4, PH3, SH2, C2H2, C2H4, and C2H6. The excited (pseudo)states were obtained from time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations with the B3LYP exchange-correlation functional and the specialized core-property basis set, aug-cc-pVTZ-J. We investigated both how the calculated coupling constants depend on the number of (pseudo)states included in the summation and whether the summation can be truncated in a systematic way at a smaller number of states and extrapolated to the total number of (pseudo)states for the given one-electron basis set. We find that this is possible and that for some of the couplings it is sufficient to include only about 30% of the excited (pseudo)states.

  1. On the truncation of the number of excited states in density functional theory sum-over-states calculations of indirect spin spin coupling constants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zarycz, M. Natalia C., E-mail:; Provasi, Patricio F., E-mail: [Department of Physics, University of Northeastern - CONICET, Av. Libertad 5500, Corrientes W3404AAS (Argentina); Sauer, Stephan P. A., E-mail: [Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø (Denmark)


    It is investigated, whether the number of excited (pseudo)states can be truncated in the sum-over-states expression for indirect spin-spin coupling constants (SSCCs), which is used in the Contributions from Localized Orbitals within the Polarization Propagator Approach and Inner Projections of the Polarization Propagator (IPPP-CLOPPA) approach to analyzing SSCCs in terms of localized orbitals. As a test set we have studied the nine simple compounds, CH{sub 4}, NH{sub 3}, H{sub 2}O, SiH{sub 4}, PH{sub 3}, SH{sub 2}, C{sub 2}H{sub 2}, C{sub 2}H{sub 4}, and C{sub 2}H{sub 6}. The excited (pseudo)states were obtained from time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations with the B3LYP exchange-correlation functional and the specialized core-property basis set, aug-cc-pVTZ-J. We investigated both how the calculated coupling constants depend on the number of (pseudo)states included in the summation and whether the summation can be truncated in a systematic way at a smaller number of states and extrapolated to the total number of (pseudo)states for the given one-electron basis set. We find that this is possible and that for some of the couplings it is sufficient to include only about 30% of the excited (pseudo)states.

  2. Spin correlations in Ho2Ti2O7: A dipolar spin ice system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bramwell, S.T.; Harris, M.J.; Hertog, B.C. den


    described by a nearest neighbor spin ice model and very accurately described by a dipolar spin ice model. The heat capacity is well accounted for by the sum of a dipolar spin ice contribution and an expected nuclear spin contribution, known to exist in other Ho(3+) salts. These results settle the question......The pyrochlore material Ho(2)Ti(2)O(7) has been suggested to show "spin ice" behavior. We present neutron scattering and specific heat results that establish unambiguously that Ho(2)Ti(2)O(7) exhibits spin ice correlations at low temperature. Diffuse magnetic neutron scattering is quite well...

  3. Description of spin-orbit coupling in excited states with two-component methods based on approximate coupled-cluster theory. (United States)

    Krause, Katharina; Klopper, Wim


    A generalization of the approximated coupled-cluster singles and doubles method and the algebraic diagrammatic construction scheme up to second order to two-component spinors obtained from a relativistic Hartree-Fock calculation is reported. Computational results for zero-field splittings of atoms and monoatomic cations, triplet lifetimes of two organic molecules, and the spin-forbidden part of the UV/Vis absorption spectrum of tris(ethylenediamine)cobalt(III) are presented.

  4. An action for matter coupled higher spin gravity in three dimensions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonezzi, Roberto; Boulanger, Nicolas [Physique théorique et mathématique, Université de Mons - UMONS, 20, Place du Parc, 7000 Mons (Belgium); Sezgin, Ergin [George and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy,Texas A& M University,College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Sundell, Per [Departamento de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Andres Bello,Republica 220, Santiago de Chile (Chile)


    We propose a covariant Hamiltonian action for the Prokushkin and Vasiliev’s matter coupled higher spin gravity in three dimensions. The action is formulated on X{sub 4}×Z{sub 2} where X{sub 4} is an open manifold whose boundary contains spacetime and Z{sub 2} is a noncommutative twistor space. We examine various consistent truncations to models of BF type in X{sub 4} and Z{sub 2} with B{sup 2} terms and central elements. They are obtained by integrating out the matter fields in the presence of a vacuum expectation value ν∈ℝ for the zero-form master field. For ν=0, we obtain a model on X{sub 4} containing Blencowe’s action and a model on Z{sub 2} containing the Prokushkin-Segal-Vasiliev action. For generic ν (including ν=0), we propose an alternative model on X{sub 4} with gauge fields in the Weyl algebra of Wigner’s deformed oscillator algebra and Lagrange multipliers in the algebra of operators acting in the Fock representation space of the deformed oscillators.

  5. Crossbreeding between experiment and theory on orthogonal dimer spin system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kageyama, Hiroshi; Ueda, Yutaka [Tokyo Univ., Inst. for Solid State Physics, Material Design and Characterization Laboratory, Kashiwa, Chiba (Japan); Narumi, Yasuo; Kindo, Koichi [Osaka Univ., Research Center for Materials Science at Extreme Conditions, Toyonaka, Osaka (Japan); Kosaka, Masashi; Uwatoko, Yoshiya [Saitama Univ., Dept. of Physics, Saitama (Japan)


    We have investigated two-dimensional spin systems SrCu{sub 2}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} and Nd{sub 2}BaZnO{sub 5}, both of which have a unique topology that is equivalent to the Shastry-Sutherland lattice. The magnetization curve of SrCu{sub 2} (BO{sub 3}){sub 2} reveals that, unlike 1/8 and 1/4 plateaux, a 1/3 plateau is very stable, surviving at least up to 69T. The pressure dependence of susceptibility up to 10 kbar indicates that the pressure causes the system to approach the critical point to some other states. On the other hand, Nd{sub 2}BaZnO{sub 5} with rather classical spins exhibits an antiferromagnetic long range ordering at 2.4 K. Finally, other experimental candidates of extended Shastry-Sutherland system will be briefly presented. (author)

  6. Evolution of spin phonon coupling by substituting Cd for Zn in the frustrated spinel ZnCr{sub 2}Se{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Xuliang [High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Yang, Zhaorong, E-mail: [High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)


    Frustration makes a tremendous amount of degenerate ground states which provides no energy scale of its own. Any perturbation has to be considered strong and fascinating phenomena may be emergent upon relieving of frustration. Here, we report the evolution of spin phonon coupling in the frustrated spinel system Zn{sub 1−x}Cd{sub x}Cr{sub 2}Se{sub 4} (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) from magnetization, specific heat and thermal conductivity. Our results give clear evidences that the spin-orientated structural transitions decay rapidly as x going from 0 to 0.4 while the correlations between spin and lattice degrees of freedom for 0.6 ≤ x ≤ 1 become weak and can be explained in terms of the traditional magnetostriction effect. In addition, for 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4 thermal carriers reveal strong scattering from spin fluctuations in the vicinity of T{sub N} owing to strong frustration, in stark contrast with those for 0.6 ≤ x ≤ 1 where traditional phonon-like heat conduction behaviors are observed. Moreover, it is shown that a moderate applied magnetic field can drive readily the fluctuations-scattered thermal conductivity toward traditional phonon-like one as observed in CdCr{sub 2}Se{sub 4}, reaching about 30% for x = 0.4 at 25 K in 1 T. Such strong field-sensitive effects may introduce new promising functionalities for potential applications.

  7. Discovery of iron group impurity ion spin states in single crystal Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} with strong coupling to whispering gallery photons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goryachev, Maxim; Farr, Warrick G.; Carmo Carvalho, Natalia do; Creedon, Daniel L.; Le Floch, Jean-Michel [ARC Centre of Excellence for Engineered Quantum Systems, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley WA 6009 (Australia); Probst, Sebastian [Physikalisches Institut, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, D-76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Bushev, Pavel [Experimentalphysik, Universität des Saarlandes, D-66123 Saarbrücken (Germany); Tobar, Michael E., E-mail: [ARC Centre of Excellence for Engineered Quantum Systems, School of Physics, University of Western Australia, Crawley 6009 (Australia)


    Interaction of Whispering Gallery Modes (WGMs) with dilute spin ensembles in solids is an interesting paradigm of Hybrid Quantum Systems potentially beneficial for Quantum Signal Processing applications. Unexpected ion transitions are measured in single crystal Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5} using WGM spectroscopy with large Zero Field Splittings at 14.7 GHz, 18.4 GHz, and 25.4 GHz, which also feature considerable anisotropy of the g-tensors as well as two inequivalent lattice sites, indicating spins from Iron Group Ion (IGI) impurities. The comparison of undoped and Rare-Earth doped crystals reveal that the IGIs are introduced during co-doping of Eu{sup 3+} or Er{sup 3+} with concentration at much lower levels of order 100 ppb. The strong coupling regime between an ensemble of IGI spins and WGM photons have been demonstrated at 18.4 GHz and near zero field. This approach together with useful optical properties of these ions opens avenues for “spins-in-solids” Quantum Electrodynamics.

  8. Epidemic Dynamics in Open Quantum Spin Systems (United States)

    Pérez-Espigares, Carlos; Marcuzzi, Matteo; Gutiérrez, Ricardo; Lesanovsky, Igor


    We explore the nonequilibrium evolution and stationary states of an open many-body system that displays epidemic spreading dynamics in a classical and a quantum regime. Our study is motivated by recent experiments conducted in strongly interacting gases of highly excited Rydberg atoms where the facilitated excitation of Rydberg states competes with radiative decay. These systems approximately implement open quantum versions of models for population dynamics or disease spreading where species can be in a healthy, infected or immune state. We show that in a two-dimensional lattice, depending on the dominance of either classical or quantum effects, the system may display a different kind of nonequilibrium phase transition. We moreover discuss the observability of our findings in laser driven Rydberg gases with particular focus on the role of long-range interactions.

  9. Glassy spin dynamics in stripe ordered cuprate system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Curro, N. J. (Nicholas J.)


    The unusual glassy dynamics exhibited by the spin fluctuations in the stripe-ordered cuprates can be quantitatively measured by La nuclear magnetic resonance. We analyze the spin lattice relaxation data in the low temperature tetragonal structural phase of La{sub 1.8-x}Eu{sub 0.2}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} and find that there is a distribution of local fluctuations times, with a Vogel-Fulcher temperature dependence. Furthermore, the data are consistent with a stretched exponential form for the dynamical spin correlation function, typical of glassy systems. Several doped transition metal oxides exhibit unusual properties associated with heterogeneous charge order. Of particular interest are the cuprates, which become high temperature superconductors within a certain doping range. Charge stripe correlations may play a crucial role in the mechanism for the superconductivity, yet detailed information about the microscopic structure of the charge order as well as the dynamics of this stripes have remained elusive. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) probes the local, low energy spin and charge fluctuations at the nuclear sites, and provides important clues to charge-stripe dynamics.

  10. Spin states of multielectron systems and the action of multi-spin bans (United States)

    Arifullin, M. R.; Berdinskii, V. L.


    Magnetic and spin effects in chemical reactions are caused by the effect of spin bans, which control the elementary acts of radical and ion-radical reactions involving, as a rule, two paramagnetic particles. Any description of spin bans acting in chemical and enzymatic reactions, which is accompanied by transfer of several electrons, as well as in the reactions of high spin molecules, requires knowledge of spin states. It is shown that spin states of multi-electron states should be described by a spin density matrix; rules for their construction are given and their properties are described. As a first step, the construction of four-density matrix is described in detail. The application of four- and three-spin density matrixes is shown for analyzing the formation of superoxide anion in respiratory chains of mitochondria.

  11. Scalable quantum computing based on stationary spin qubits in coupled quantum dots inside double-sided optical microcavities. (United States)

    Wei, Hai-Rui; Deng, Fu-Guo


    Quantum logic gates are the key elements in quantum computing. Here we investigate the possibility of achieving a scalable and compact quantum computing based on stationary electron-spin qubits, by using the giant optical circular birefringence induced by quantum-dot spins in double-sided optical microcavities as a result of cavity quantum electrodynamics. We design the compact quantum circuits for implementing universal and deterministic quantum gates for electron-spin systems, including the two-qubit CNOT gate and the three-qubit Toffoli gate. They are compact and economic, and they do not require additional electron-spin qubits. Moreover, our devices have good scalability and are attractive as they both are based on solid-state quantum systems and the qubits are stationary. They are feasible with the current experimental technology, and both high fidelity and high efficiency can be achieved when the ratio of the side leakage to the cavity decay is low.

  12. Appropriate conditions to realize a p -wave superfluid state starting from a spin-orbit-coupled s -wave superfluid Fermi gas (United States)

    Yamaguchi, T.; Inotani, D.; Ohashi, Y.


    We theoretically investigate a spin-orbit-coupled s -wave superfluid Fermi gas, to examine the time evolution of the system, after an s -wave pairing interaction is replaced by a p -wave one at t =0 . In our recent paper [T. Yamaguchi, D. Inotani, and Y. Ohashi, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 86, 013001 (2017), 10.7566/JPSJ.86.013001], we proposed that this manipulation may realize a p -wave superfluid Fermi gas because the p -wave pair amplitude that is induced in the s -wave superfluid state by a parity-broken antisymmetric spin-orbit interaction gives a nonvanishing p -wave superfluid order parameter, immediately after the p -wave interaction is turned on. In this paper, using a time-dependent Bogoliubov-de Gennes theory, we assess this idea under various conditions with respect to the s -wave and p -wave interaction strengths, as well as the spin-orbit coupling strength. From these, we clarify that the momentum distribution of Fermi atoms in the initial s -wave state (t gas physics, our results may provide a possible way to accomplish this.

  13. A Non-antisymmetric Tensor Contraction Engine for the Automated Implementation of Spin-Adapted Coupled Cluster Approaches. (United States)

    Datta, Dipayan; Gauss, Jürgen


    We present a symbolic manipulation algorithm for the efficient automated implementation of rigorously spin-free coupled cluster (CC) theories based on a unitary group parametrization. Due to the lack of antisymmetry of the unitary group generators under index permutations, all quantities involved in the equations are expressed in terms of non-antisymmetric tensors. Given two tensors, all possible contractions are first generated by applying Wick's theorem. Each term is then put down in the form of a non-antisymmetric Goldstone diagram by assigning its contraction topology. The subsequent simplification of the equations by summing up equivalent terms and their factorization by identifying common intermediates is performed via comparison of these contraction topologies. The definition of the contraction topology is completely general for non-antisymmetric Goldstone diagrams, which enables our algorithm to deal with noncommuting excitations in the cluster operator that arises in the unitary group based CC formulation for open-shell systems. The resulting equations are implemented in a new code, in which tensor contractions are performed by successive application of matrix-matrix multiplications. Implementation of the unitary group adapted CC equations for closed-shell systems and for the simplest open-shell case, i.e., doublets, is discussed, and representative calculations are presented in order to assess the efficiency of the generated codes.

  14. Ground-state level spin systems within Bernasconi model (United States)

    Leukhin, A. N.; Bezrodnyi, V. I.; Voronin, A. A.; Kokovikhina, N. A.


    The design problem for law autocorrelation binary sequences (LABS) is a notoriously difficult computational problem which is numbered as the problem number 005 in CSPLib. In statistical physics LABS problem can be interpreted as the energy of N interacting Ising spins. This is a Bernasconi model for a one N-dimensional chain of quantum particles. Ground-state level quantum system within the frame of Bernasconi model is binary sequence with lowest level of peak-sidelobes of aperiodic autocorrelation function. The new results of an exhaustive search for optimal binary sequences with minimum peak sidelobe up to length N=86 are demonstrated. The Bernasconi model exhibits features of a glass transition like a jump in the specific heat and slow dynamics and aging. The Bernasconi model the high temperature phase of Ising spin system reproduces exactly approximation.

  15. Helical liquid and the edge of quantum spin Hall systems. (United States)

    Wu, Congjun; Bernevig, B Andrei; Zhang, Shou-Cheng


    The edge states of the recently proposed quantum spin Hall systems constitute a new symmetry class of one-dimensional liquids dubbed the "helical liquid," where the spin orientation is determined by the direction of electron motion. We prove a no-go theorem which states that a helical liquid with an odd number of components cannot be constructed in a purely 1D lattice system. In a helical liquid with an odd number of components, a uniform gap in the ground state can appear when the time-reversal symmetry is spontaneously broken by interactions. On the other hand, a correlated two-particle backscattering term by an impurity can become relevant while keeping the time-reversal invariance.

  16. Spin and Pseudospin Symmetries with Trigonometric Pöschl-Teller Potential including Tensor Coupling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Hamzavi


    Full Text Available We study approximate analytical solutions of the Dirac equation with the trigonometric Pöschl-Teller (tPT potential and a Coulomb-like tensor potential for arbitrary spin-orbit quantum number κ under the presence of exact spin and pseudospin ( p -spin symmetries. The bound state energy eigenvalues and the corresponding two-component wave functions of the Dirac particle are obtained using the parametric generalization of the Nikiforov-Uvarov (NU method. We show that tensor interaction removes degeneracies between spin and pseudospin doublets. The case of nonrelativistic limit is studied too.

  17. Kramers systems with weak spin-dependent interactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radwanski, R.J. [Inst. of Physics and Informatics, Pedagogical University, 30-084, Krakow (Poland)]|[Center for Solid State Physics, Sw. Filip 5, 31-150, Krakow (Poland)


    Magnetic properties of a paramagnetic Kramers f{sup 3} subsystem under charge interactions of the hexagonal symmetry have been examined in the combination with weak spin-dependent (S-D) interactions for the case of the weakly-magnetic charge-formed ground state. The Kramers systems with weak S-D interactions exhibit particular phenomena like large specific heat at low temperatures. ((orig.)).

  18. Geometric fluctuation theorem for a spin-boson system. (United States)

    Watanabe, Kota L; Hayakawa, Hisao


    We derive an extended fluctuation theorem for geometric pumping of a spin-boson system under periodic control of environmental temperatures by using a Markovian quantum master equation. We obtain the current distribution, the average current, and the fluctuation in terms of the Monte Carlo simulation. To explain the results of our simulation we derive an extended fluctuation theorem. This fluctuation theorem leads to the fluctuation dissipation relations but the absence of the conventional reciprocal relation.

  19. Numerical and analytical investigation of the synchronization of dipolarly coupled vortex spin-torque nano-oscillators


    Belanovsky A.D.; Locatelli N.; Skirdkov P.N.; Abreu Araujo F.; Zvezdin K.A.; Grollier J.; Cros V.; Zvezdin A.K.


    We investigate analytically and numerically the synchronization dynamics of dipolarly coupled vortex based Spin-Torque Nano Oscillators with different pillar diameters. We identify the critical interpillar distances on which synchronization occurs as a function of their diameter mismatch. We obtain numerically a phase diagram showing the transition between unsynchronized and synchronized states and compare it to analytical predictions we make using the Thiele approach. Our study demonstrates ...

  20. Strong electron-hole symmetric Rashba spin-orbit coupling in graphene/monolayer transition metal dichalcogenide heterostructures (United States)

    Yang, Bowen; Lohmann, Mark; Barroso, David; Liao, Ingrid; Lin, Zhisheng; Liu, Yawen; Bartels, Ludwig; Watanabe, Kenji; Taniguchi, Takashi; Shi, Jing


    Despite its extremely weak intrinsic spin-orbit coupling (SOC), graphene has been shown to acquire considerable SOC by proximity coupling with exfoliated transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs). Here we demonstrate strong induced Rashba SOC in graphene that is proximity coupled to a monolayer TMD film, Mo S2 or WS e2 , grown by chemical-vapor deposition with drastically different Fermi level positions. Graphene/TMD heterostructures are fabricated with a pickup-transfer technique utilizing hexagonal boron nitride, which serves as a flat template to promote intimate contact and therefore a strong interfacial interaction between TMD and graphene as evidenced by quenching of the TMD photoluminescence. We observe strong induced graphene SOC that manifests itself in a pronounced weak-antilocalization (WAL) effect in the graphene magnetoconductance. The spin-relaxation rate extracted from the WAL analysis varies linearly with the momentum scattering time and is independent of the carrier type. This indicates a dominantly Dyakonov-Perel spin-relaxation mechanism caused by the induced Rashba SOC. Our analysis yields a Rashba SOC energy of ˜1.5 meV in graphene/WS e2 and ˜0.9 meV in graphene/Mo S2 . The nearly electron-hole symmetric nature of the induced Rashba SOC provides a clue to possible underlying SOC mechanisms.

  1. Ferromagnetic resonance study of interface coupling for spin waves in narrow NiFe/Ru/NiFe multilayer nanowires (United States)

    Lupo, P.; Haghshenasfard, Z.; Cottam, M. G.; Adeyeye, A. O.


    A systematic investigation is presented for the magnetization dynamics in trilayer nanowires, consisting of two permalloy (Ni80Fe20 ) layers separated by a nonmagnetic Ru spacer layer. The width of the wires ranges from 90 to 190 nm. By varying the Ru thickness between 0.7 and 2.0 nm, the interlayer coupling can be effectively controlled, modifying the corresponding magnetic ground state and the spin-wave dynamics. By contrast with previous work on coupled trilayer nanowires with larger widths (270 nm and more), the focus here is on nanowire arrays where the strong shape anisotropy competes with the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interactions and biquadratic exchange interactions across the Ru interface, as well as dipolar interactions and Zeeman energy. As a result, the spin-wave spectrum is found to be drastically modified. Ferromagnetic resonance and hysteresis loop measurements are reported over a wide range of applied magnetic fields, showing that the overall magnetization alignment between the permalloy layers may be parallel, antiparallel, or in a spin-flop state, depending on the overall interlayer coupling. The experimental results for different stripe widths are successfully analyzed using a microscopic dipole-dipole theory and micromagnetic simulations.

  2. Ground states of linearly coupled Schrodinger systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haidong Liu


    Full Text Available This article concerns the standing waves of a linearly coupled Schrodinger system which arises from nonlinear optics and condensed matter physics. The coefficients of the system are spatially dependent and have a mixed behavior: they are periodic in some directions and tend to positive constants in other directions. Under suitable assumptions, we prove that the system has a positive ground state. In addition, when the L-infinity-norm of the coupling coefficient tends to zero, the asymptotic behavior of the ground states is also obtained.

  3. Quantum spin transistor with a Heisenberg spin chain (United States)

    Marchukov, O. V.; Volosniev, A. G.; Valiente, M.; Petrosyan, D.; Zinner, N. T.


    Spin chains are paradigmatic systems for the studies of quantum phases and phase transitions, and for quantum information applications, including quantum computation and short-distance quantum communication. Here we propose and analyse a scheme for conditional state transfer in a Heisenberg XXZ spin chain which realizes a quantum spin transistor. In our scheme, the absence or presence of a control spin excitation in the central gate part of the spin chain results in either perfect transfer of an arbitrary state of a target spin between the weakly coupled input and output ports, or its complete blockade at the input port. We also discuss a possible proof-of-concept realization of the corresponding spin chain with a one-dimensional ensemble of cold atoms with strong contact interactions. Our scheme is generally applicable to various implementations of tunable spin chains, and it paves the way for the realization of integrated quantum logic elements. PMID:27721438

  4. Anatomy of a Spin: The Information-Theoretic Structure of Classical Spin Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikram S. Vijayaraghavan


    Full Text Available Collective organization in matter plays a significant role in its expressed physical properties. Typically, it is detected via an order parameter, appropriately defined for each given system’s observed emergent patterns. Recent developments in information theory, however, suggest quantifying collective organization in a system- and phenomenon-agnostic way: decomposing the system’s thermodynamic entropy density into a localized entropy, that is solely contained in the dynamics at a single location, and a bound entropy, that is stored in space as domains, clusters, excitations, or other emergent structures. As a concrete demonstration, we compute this decomposition and related quantities explicitly for the nearest-neighbor Ising model on the 1D chain, on the Bethe lattice with coordination number k = 3 , and on the 2D square lattice, illustrating its generality and the functional insights it gives near and away from phase transitions. In particular, we consider the roles that different spin motifs play (in cluster bulk, cluster edges, and the like and how these affect the dependencies between spins.

  5. Coupling of marine riser and tensioner system


    Olssøn, Tor Trainer


    A coupled model of a marine riser and a tensioner system is built. The riser is modeled using the multi-body dynamics program MSC Adams, and the tensioner system using the powerful controls and systems simulation tool, MSC Easy5. The hydrodynamic forces on the marine riser are calculated according to linear wave theory, and implemented in the model using a custom made subroutine. The riser is modeled using flexible beam elements according to Timoshenko beam theory. The tensioner system is...

  6. Tunneling conductance for Majorana fermions in spin-orbit coupled semiconductor-superconductor heterostructures using superconducting leads (United States)

    Sharma, Girish; Tewari, Sumanta


    It has been recently pointed out that the use of a superconducting (SC) lead instead of a normal metal lead can suppress the thermal broadening effects in tunneling conductance from Majorana fermions, helping reveal the quantized conductance of 2 e2/h . In this paper we discuss the specific case of tunneling conductance with SC leads of spin-orbit coupled semiconductor-superconductor (SM-SC) heterostructures in the presence of a Zeeman field, a system which has been extensively studied both theoretically and experimentally using a metallic lead. We examine the d I /d V spectra using a SC lead for different sets of physical parameters including temperature, tunneling strength, wire length, magnetic field, and induced SC pairing potential in the SM nanowire. We conclude that in a finite wire the Majorana splitting energy Δ E , which has nontrivial dependence on these physical parameters, remains responsible for the d I /d V peak broadening, even when the temperature broadening is suppressed by the SC gap in the lead. In a finite wire the signatures of Majorana fermions with a SC lead are oscillations of quasi-Majorana peaks about bias V =±Δlead , in contrast to the case of metallic leads where such oscillations are about zero bias. Our results will be useful for analysis of future experiments on SM-SC heterostructures using SC leads.

  7. Local Noncollinear Spin Analysis. (United States)

    Abate, Bayileyegn A; Joshi, Rajendra P; Peralta, Juan E


    In this work, we generalize the local spin analysis of Clark and Davidson [J. Chem. Phys. 2001 115 (16), 7382] for the partitioning of the expectation value of the molecular spin square operator, ⟨Ŝ 2 ⟩, into atomic contributions, ⟨Ŝ A ·Ŝ B ⟩, to the noncollinear spin case in the framework of density functional theory (DFT). We derive the working equations, and we show applications to the analysis of the noncollinear spin solutions of typical spin-frustrated systems and to the calculation of magnetic exchange couplings. In the former case, we employ the triangular H 3 He 3 test molecule and a Mn 3 complex to show that the local spin analysis provides additional information that complements the standard one-particle spin population analysis. For the calculation of magnetic exchange couplings, J AB , we employ the local spin partitioning to extract ⟨Ŝ A ·Ŝ B ⟩ as a function of the interatomic spin orientation given by the angle θ. This, combined with the dependence of the electronic energy with θ, provides a methodology to extract J AB from DFT calculations that, in contrast to conventional energy differences based methods, does not require the use of ad hoc S A and S B values.

  8. Increase of spin dephasing times in a 2D electron system with degree of initial spin polarization (United States)

    Stich, D.; Korn, T.; Schulz, R.; Schuh, D.; Wegscheider, W.; Schüller, C.


    We report on time-resolved Faraday/Kerr rotation measurements on a high-mobility 2D electron system. A variable initial spin polarization is created in the sample by a circularly polarized pump pulse, and the spin polarization is tracked by measuring the Faraday/Kerr rotation of a time-delayed probe pulse. By varying the pump intensity, the initial spin polarization is changed from the low-polarization limit to a polarization degree of several percent. The observed spin dephasing time increases from less than 20 ps to more than 200 ps as the initial spin polarization is increased. To exclude sample heating effects, additional measurements with constant pump intensity and variable degree of circular polarization are performed. The results confirm the theoretical prediction by Weng and Wu [Phys. Rev. B 68 (2003) 075312] that the spin dephasing strongly depends on the initial spin polarization degree. The microscopic origin for this is the Hartree-Fock term in the Coulomb interaction, which acts as an effective out-of plane magnetic field.

  9. Antiferromagnetic interlayer coupling and thus induced distinct spin texture for the [LaMnO3/LaCoO3]5 superlattices. (United States)

    Zhang, Jing; Zhang, Hongrui; Zhang, Xuejing; Guan, Xiangxiang; Shen, Xi; Hong, Deshun; Zhang, Hui; Liu, Banggui; Yu, Richeng; Shen, Baogen; Sun, Jirong


    Artificial engineering of an interfacial spin structure of complex oxides with strongly coupled spin, orbital, charge and lattice degrees of freedom is crucially important for the exploration of novel effects associated with magnetic tunneling, exchange biasing, and spin injecting/manipulating, which are the central issues of spintronics. Here we demonstrate the presence of a distinct interlayer coupling between LaMnO3 (LMO) and LaCoO3 (LCO) and the resulting dramatic effect on the spin structure. We found that the LCO layer in (LMO/LCO)5 superlattices exhibits not only an antiferromagnetic coupling with a neighboring LMO layer but also a long-range magnetic order with substantially reduced magnetization. As suggested by density functional theory calculations, interlayer coupling can induce a spatial oscillation of magnetic moment within the LCO layer, resulting in low magnetization.

  10. Phase Multistability in Coupled Oscillator Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mosekilde, Erik; Postnov, D.E.; Sosnovtseva, Olga


    The phenomenon of phase multistability arises in connection with the synchronization of coupled oscillator systems when the systems individually display complex wave forms associated, for instance, with the presence of subharmonic components or with significant variations of the phase velocity...... along the orbit of the individual oscillator. Focusing on the mechanisms underlying the appearance of phase multistability, the paper examines a variety of phase-locked patterns. In particular we demonstrate the nested structure of synchronization regions for oscillations with multicrest wave forms...... and investigate how the number of spikes per train and the proximity of a neighboring equilibrium point can influence the formation of coexisting regimes in coupled bursters....

  11. Formal verification of automated teller machine systems using SPIN (United States)

    Iqbal, Ikhwan Mohammad; Adzkiya, Dieky; Mukhlash, Imam


    Formal verification is a technique for ensuring the correctness of systems. This work focuses on verifying a model of the Automated Teller Machine (ATM) system against some specifications. We construct the model as a state transition diagram that is suitable for verification. The specifications are expressed as Linear Temporal Logic (LTL) formulas. We use Simple Promela Interpreter (SPIN) model checker to check whether the model satisfies the formula. This model checker accepts models written in Process Meta Language (PROMELA), and its specifications are specified in LTL formulas.

  12. Rabi resonance in spin systems: theory and experiment. (United States)

    Layton, Kelvin J; Tahayori, Bahman; Mareels, Iven M Y; Farrell, Peter M; Johnston, Leigh A


    The response of a magnetic resonance spin system is predicted and experimentally verified for the particular case of a continuous wave amplitude modulated radiofrequency excitation. The experimental results demonstrate phenomena not previously observed in magnetic resonance systems, including a secondary resonance condition when the amplitude of the excitation equals the modulation frequency. This secondary resonance produces a relatively large steady state magnetisation with Fourier components at harmonics of the modulation frequency. Experiments are in excellent agreement with the theoretical prediction derived from the Bloch equations, which provides a sound theoretical framework for future developments in NMR spectroscopy and imaging. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Spin-current Seebeck effect in quantum dot systems. (United States)

    Yang, Zhi-Cheng; Sun, Qing-Feng; Xie, X C


    We first bring up the concept of the spin-current Seebeck effect based on a recent experiment (Vera-Marun et al 2012 Nature Phys. 8 313), and investigate the spin-current Seebeck effect in quantum dot (QD) systems. Our results show that the spin-current Seebeck coefficient S is sensitive to different polarization states of the QD, and therefore can be used to detect the polarization state of the QD and monitor the transitions between different polarization states of the QD. The intradot Coulomb interaction can greatly enhance S due to the stronger polarization of the QD. By using the parameters for a typical QD whose intradot Coulomb interaction U is one order of magnitude larger than the linewidth Γ, we demonstrate that the maximum value of S can be enhanced by a factor of 80. On the other hand, for a QD whose Coulomb interaction is negligible, we show that one can still obtain a large S by applying an external magnetic field.

  14. Electronic, Spin and Valley Transport in Two Dimensional Dirac Systems (United States)

    Xu, Hongya

    This dissertation aims to study and understand relevant issues related to the electronic, spin and valley transport in two-dimensional Dirac systems for different given physical settings. In summary, four key findings are achieved. First, studying persistent currents in confined chaotic Dirac fermion systems with a ring geometry and an applied Aharonov-Bohm flux, unusual whispering-gallery modes with edge-dependent currents and spin polarization are identified. They can survive for highly asymmetric rings that host fully developed classical chaos. By sustaining robust persistent currents, these modes can be utilized to form a robust relativistic quantum two-level system. Second, the quantized topological edge states in confined massive Dirac fermion systems exhibiting a remarkable reverse Stark effect in response to an applied electric field, and an electrically or optically controllable spin switching behavior are uncovered. Third, novel wave scattering and transport in Dirac-like pseudospin-1 systems are reported. (a), for small scatterer size, a surprising revival resonant scattering with a peculiar boundary trapping by forming unusual vortices is uncovered. Intriguingly, it can persist in arbitrarily weak scatterer strength regime, which underlies a superscattering behavior beyond the conventional scenario. (b), for larger size, a perfect caustic phenomenon arises as a manifestation of the super-Klein tunneling effect. (c), in the far-field, an unexpected isotropic transport emerges at low energies. Fourth, a geometric valley Hall effect (gVHE) originated from fractional singular Berry flux is revealed. It is shown that gVHE possesses a nonlinear dependence on the Berry flux with asymmetrical resonance features and can be considerably enhanced by electrically controllable resonant valley skew scattering. With the gVHE, efficient valley filtering can arise and these phenomena are robust against thermal fluctuations and disorder averaging.

  15. Density matrix renormalization group study of a three-orbital Hubbard model with spin-orbit coupling in one dimension (United States)

    Kaushal, Nitin; Herbrych, Jacek; Nocera, Alberto; Alvarez, Gonzalo; Moreo, Adriana; Reboredo, F. A.; Dagotto, Elbio


    Using the density matrix renormalization group technique we study the effect of spin-orbit coupling on a three-orbital Hubbard model in the (t2g) 4 sector and in one dimension. Fixing the Hund coupling to a robust value compatible with some multiorbital materials, we present the phase diagram varying the Hubbard U and spin-orbit coupling λ , at zero temperature. Our results are shown to be qualitatively similar to those recently reported using the dynamical mean-field theory in higher dimensions, providing a robust basis to approximate many-body techniques. Among many results, we observe an interesting transition from an orbital-selective Mott phase to an excitonic insulator with increasing λ at intermediate U . In the strong U coupling limit, we find a nonmagnetic insulator with an effective angular momentum 〈(Jeff)2〉≠0 near the excitonic phase, smoothly connected to the 〈(Jeff)2〉=0 regime. We also provide a list of quasi-one-dimensional materials where the physics discussed in this paper could be realized.

  16. Orbit-spin coupling and the circulation of the Martian atmosphere (United States)

    Shirley, James H.


    The physical origins of the observed interannual variability of weather and climate on Mars are poorly understood. In this paper we introduce a deterministic physical mechanism that may account for much of the variability of the circulation of the Mars atmosphere on seasonal and longer timescales. We focus on a possible coupling between the planetary orbital angular momentum and the angular momentum of the planetary rotation. We suspect that the planetary atmosphere may participate in an exchange of momentum between these two reservoirs. Nontrivial changes in the circulation of the atmosphere are likely to occur, as the atmospheric system gains and loses angular momentum, during this exchange. We derive a coupling expression linking orbital and rotational motions that produces an acceleration field varying with position and with time on and within a subject body. The spatially and temporally varying accelerations may interfere constructively or destructively with large-scale flows of geophysical fluids that are established and maintained by other means. This physical hypothesis predicts cycles of intensification and relaxation of circulatory flows of atmospheres on seasonal and longer timescales that are largely independent of solar forcing. The predictions of this hypothesis may be tested through numerical modeling. Examples from investigations of the atmospheric circulation of Mars are provided to illustrate qualitative features and quantitative aspects of the coupling mechanism proposed.

  17. STM Studies of Spin-­Orbit Coupled Phases in Real-­ and Momentum-­Space

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Madhavan, Vidya [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States)


    The recently discovered class of spin-orbit coupled materials with interesting topological character are fascinating both from fundamental as well as application point of view. Two striking examples are 3D topological insulators (TIs) and topological crystalline insulators (TCIs). These materials host linearly dispersing (Dirac like) surface states with an odd number of Dirac nodes and are predicted to carry a quantized half-integer value of the axion field. The non-trivial topological properties of TIs and TCIs arise from strong spin-orbit coupling leading to an inverted band structure; which also leads to the chiral spin texture in momentum space. In this project we used low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS) to study materials with topological phases in real- and momentum-space. We studied both single crystals and thin films of topological materials which are susceptible to being tuned by doping, strain or gating, allowing us to explore their physical properties in the most interesting regimes and set the stage for future technological applications. .

  18. Electronic properties of precious-metal coated W tips in STM: Role of spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Yamashita, T.; Akiyama, T.; Nakamura, K.; Ito, T.; Rhim, S. H.; Freeman, A. J.


    Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) has proved a versatile tool invigorating many physics at an atomic scale, where chemical identity and shape of the probe tip greatly affect resolution and sensitivity. There have been many efforts to functionalize STM tips: coating W tips with organic molecules and 3d transition metals, which facilitate the selective imaging with enhanced tunneling current. In this work, we model W(110) tips coated by precious metals such as Au, Ag, and Pt, in which large spin-orbit coupling significantly influences the electronic structure of the STM probe. Furthermore, we argue that this spin-orbit coupling can be used as a spin detecting STM probe without additional bias switching. The stability of the W(110) apex atom for each metal coating is also discussed. Supported at N. U. by the DOE (DE-FG02-05ER45372), and at Mie U. by the Young Researcher Overseas Visits Program for Vitalizing Brain Circulation (R2214) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.

  19. Lag Synchronization of Coupled Multidelay Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luo Qun


    Full Text Available Chaos synchronization is an active topic, and its possible applications have been studied extensively. In this paper we present an improved method for lag synchronization of chaotic systems with coupled multidelay. The Lyapunov theory is used to consider the sufficient condition for synchronization. The specific examples will demonstrate and verify the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  20. Universal absence of Walker breakdown and linear current-velocity relation via spin-orbit torques in coupled and single domain wall motion (United States)

    Risinggârd, Vetle; Linder, Jacob


    We consider theoretically domain wall motion driven by spin-orbit and spin Hall torques. We find that it is possible to achieve universal absence of Walker breakdown for all spin-orbit torques using experimentally relevant spin-orbit coupling strengths. For spin-orbit torques other than the pure Rashba spin-orbit torque, this gives a linear current-velocity relation instead of a saturation of the velocity at high current densities. The effect is very robust and is found in both soft and hard magnetic materials, as well as in the presence of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and in coupled domain walls in synthetic antiferromagnets, where it leads to very high domain wall velocities. Moreover, recent experiments have demonstrated that the switching of a synthetic antiferromagnet does not obey the usual spin Hall angle dependence, but that domain expansion and contraction can be selectively controlled toggling only the applied in-plane magnetic field magnitude and not its sign. We show that the combination of spin Hall torques and interlayer exchange coupling produces the necessary relative velocities for this switching to occur.

  1. Quantum entanglement for systems of identical bosons: II. Spin squeezing and other entanglement tests (United States)

    Dalton, B. J.; Goold, J.; Garraway, B. M.; Reid, M. D.


    defined by the time integral of the field amplitude, and leads to a coupling between the two modes. For simplicity the center frequency was chosen to be resonant with the inter-mode transition frequency. Measuring the mean and variance of the population difference between the two modes for the output state of the interferometer for various choices of interferometer variables is shown to enable the mean values and covariance matrix for the spin operators for the input quantum state of the two mode system to be determined. The paper concludes with a discussion of several key experimental papers on spin squeezing.

  2. Coordination of 1,4-Diazabutadiene Ligands to Decamethylytterbocene: Additional Examples of Spin Coupling in Ytterbocene Complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andersen, Richard; Walter, Marc D.; Berg, David J.; Andersen, Richard A.


    The paramagnetic 1:1 coordination complexes of (C5Me5)2Yb with a series of diazabutadiene ligands, RN=C(R')C(R')=NR, where R= CMe3, CHMe2, adamantyl, p-tolyl, p-anisyl, and mesityl when R'=H, and R= p-anisyl when R'= Me, have been prepared. The complexes are paramagnetic, but their magnetic moments are less than expected for the two uncoupled spin carriers, (C5Me5)2Yb(III, 4f13) and the diazabutadiene radical anions (S=1/2), which implies exchange coupling between the spins. The variable temperature 1H NMR spectra show that rotation about the R-N bond is hindered and these barriers are estimated. The barriers are largely determined by steric effects but electronic effects are not unimportant.

  3. Toward a theory for low-frequency spin dynamics in plane copper oxide superconductors: crossover from localized spins to weak coupling charge carriers with doping. (United States)

    Larionov, Igor A


    We explore for all wavevectors through the Brillouin zone the dynamic spin susceptibility χ(total)(+,-)(ω, q) that takes into account the interplay of localized and itinerant charge carriers. The imaginary part, Imχ(total)(+,-)(ω, q), has peaks at the antiferromagnetic wavevector Q = (π, π) and a diffusive-like, extremely narrow and sharp peak (symmetric ring of maxima |q| = q(0)) at very small wavevectors Q(0) is proportional to w/J ≈ 10(-6) with the nuclear magnetic/quadrupole resonance frequency ω and the superexchange coupling constant J. We demonstrate the capability of Imχ(total)(+,-)(ω, q) for plane copper (63)(1/T(1)) and oxygen (17)(1/T(1)) nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate calculations from carrier free right up to optimally doped La(2 - x)Sr(x)CuO(4) and obtain the basic features of temperature and doping behavior for (63)(1/T(1)) in agreement with experimental observations.

  4. Interfacial spin cluster effects in exchange bias systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carpenter, R., E-mail:; Vallejo-Fernandez, G.; O' Grady, K. [Department of Physics, The University of York, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom)


    In this work, the effect of exchange bias on the hysteresis loop of CoFe is observed. The evolution of the coercivities and the shift of the hysteresis loop during the annealing process has been measured for films deposited on NiCr and Cu seed layers. Through comparison of the as deposited and field annealed loops, it is clear that for an exchange biased material, the two coercivities are due to different reversal processes. This behaviour is attributed to spin clusters at the ferromagnet/antiferromagnet interface, which behave in a similar manner to a fine particle system.

  5. TOPICAL REVIEW: Spin current, spin accumulation and spin Hall effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saburo Takahashi and Sadamichi Maekawa


    Full Text Available Nonlocal spin transport in nanostructured devices with ferromagnetic injector (F1 and detector (F2 electrodes connected to a normal conductor (N is studied. We reveal how the spin transport depends on interface resistance, electrode resistance, spin polarization and spin diffusion length, and obtain the conditions for efficient spin injection, spin accumulation and spin current in the device. It is demonstrated that the spin Hall effect is caused by spin–orbit scattering in nonmagnetic conductors and gives rise to the conversion between spin and charge currents in a nonlocal device. A method of evaluating spin–orbit coupling in nonmagnetic metals is proposed.

  6. The impact of spin coupling signal loss on fat content characterization in multi-echo acquisitions with different echo spacing. (United States)

    Nikiforaki, K; Manikis, G C; Boursianis, T; Marias, K; Karantanas, A; Maris, T G


    This study aimed to assess the effect of echo spacing in transverse magnetization (T2) signal decay of gel and fat (oil) samples. Additionally, we assess the feasibility of using spin coupling as a determinant of fat content. Phantoms of known T2 values, as well as vegetable oil phantoms, were scanned at 1.5T scanner with a multi echo FSE sequence of variable echo spacing above and below the empirical threshold of 20ms for echo train signal modulation (6.7, 13.6, 26.8, and 40ms). T2 values were calculated from monoexponential fitting of the data. Relative signal loss between the four acquisitions of different echo spacing was calculated. Agreement in the T2 values of water gel phantom was observed in all acquisitions as opposed to fat phantom (oil) samples. Relative differences in signal intensity between two successive sequences of different echo spacing on composite fat/water regions of interest was found to be linearly correlated to fat fraction of the ROI. The sample specific degree of signal loss that was observed between different fat samples (vegetable oils) can be attributed to the composition of each sample in J coupled fat components. Hence, spin coupling may be used as a determinant of fat content. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Dynamics of vehicle-road coupled system

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Shaopu; Li, Shaohua


    Vehicle dynamics and road dynamics are usually considered to be two largely independent subjects. In vehicle dynamics, road surface roughness is generally regarded as random excitation of the vehicle, while in road dynamics, the vehicle is generally regarded as a moving load acting on the pavement. This book suggests a new research concept to integrate the vehicle and the road system with the help of a tire model, and establishes a cross-subject research framework dubbed vehicle-pavement coupled system dynamics. In this context, the dynamics of the vehicle, road and the vehicle-road coupled system are investigated by means of theoretical analysis, numerical simulations and field tests. This book will be a valuable resource for university professors, graduate students and engineers majoring in automotive design, mechanical engineering, highway engineering and other related areas. Shaopu Yang is a professor and deputy president of Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, China; Liqun Chen is a professor at Shanghai Univ...

  8. 8th Workshop on Coupled Descriptor Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Bartel, Andreas; Günther, Michael; Maten, E; Müller, Peter


    This book contains the proceedings of the 8th Workshop on Coupled Descriptor Systems held March 2013 in the Castle of Eringerfeld, Geseke in the neighborhood of Paderborn, Germany. It examines the wide range of current research topics in descriptor systems, including mathematical modeling, index analysis, wellposedness of problems, stiffness and different time-scales, cosimulation and splitting methods and convergence analysis. In addition, the book also presents applications from the automotive and circuit industries that show that descriptor systems provide challenging problems from the point of view of both theory and practice.   The book contains nine papers and is organized into three parts: control, simulation, and model order reduction. It will serve as an ideal resource for applied mathematicians and engineers, in particular those from mechanics and electromagnetics, who work with coupled differential equations.

  9. Quantum spin liquid states (United States)

    Zhou, Yi; Kanoda, Kazushi; Ng, Tai-Kai


    This is an introductory review of the physics of quantum spin liquid states. Quantum magnetism is a rapidly evolving field, and recent developments reveal that the ground states and low-energy physics of frustrated spin systems may develop many exotic behaviors once we leave the regime of semiclassical approaches. The purpose of this article is to introduce these developments. The article begins by explaining how semiclassical approaches fail once quantum mechanics become important and then describe the alternative approaches for addressing the problem. Mainly spin-1 /2 systems are discussed, and most of the time is spent in this article on one particular set of plausible spin liquid states in which spins are represented by fermions. These states are spin-singlet states and may be viewed as an extension of Fermi liquid states to Mott insulators, and they are usually classified in the category of so-called S U (2 ), U (1 ), or Z2 spin liquid states. A review is given of the basic theory regarding these states and the extensions of these states to include the effect of spin-orbit coupling and to higher spin (S >1 /2 ) systems. Two other important approaches with strong influences on the understanding of spin liquid states are also introduced: (i) matrix product states and projected entangled pair states and (ii) the Kitaev honeycomb model. Experimental progress concerning spin liquid states in realistic materials, including anisotropic triangular-lattice systems [κ -(ET )2Cu2(CN )3 and EtMe3Sb [Pd (dmit )2]2 ], kagome-lattice system [ZnCu3(OH )6Cl2 ], and hyperkagome lattice system (Na4 Ir3 O8 ), is reviewed and compared against the corresponding theories.

  10. Spin Injection in Indium Arsenide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark eJohnson


    Full Text Available In a two dimensional electron system (2DES, coherent spin precession of a ballistic spin polarized current, controlled by the Rashba spin orbit interaction, is a remarkable phenomenon that’s been observed only recently. Datta and Das predicted this precession would manifest as an oscillation in the source-drain conductance of the channel in a spin-injected field effect transistor (Spin FET. The indium arsenide single quantum well materials system has proven to be ideal for experimental confirmation. The 2DES carriers have high mobility, low sheet resistance, and high spin orbit interaction. Techniques for electrical injection and detection of spin polarized carriers were developed over the last two decades. Adapting the proposed Spin FET to the Johnson-Silsbee nonlocal geometry was a key to the first experimental demonstration of gate voltage controlled coherent spin precession. More recently, a new technique measured the oscillation as a function of channel length. This article gives an overview of the experimental phenomenology of the spin injection technique. We then review details of the application of the technique to InAs single quantum well (SQW devices. The effective magnetic field associated with Rashba spin-orbit coupling is described, and a heuristic model of coherent spin precession is presented. The two successful empirical demonstrations of the Datta Das conductance oscillation are then described and discussed.

  11. From non-linear magnetoacoustics and spin reorientation transition to magnetoelectric micro/nano-systems (United States)

    Tiercelin, Nicolas; Preobrazhensky, Vladimir; BouMatar, Olivier; Talbi, Abdelkrim; Giordano, Stefano; Dusch, Yannick; Klimov, Alexey; Mathurin, Théo.; Elmazria, Omar; Hehn, Michel; Pernod, Philippe


    The interaction of a strongly nonlinear spin system with a crystalline lattice through magnetoelastic coupling results in significant modifications of the acoustic properties of magnetic materials, especially in the vicinity of magnetic instabilities associated with the spin-reorientation transition (SRT). The magnetoelastic coupling transfers the critical properties of the magnetic subsystem to the elastic one, which leads to a strong decrease of the sound velocity in the vicinity of the SRT, and allows a large control over acoustic nonlinearities. The general principles of the non-linear magneto-acoustics (NMA) will be introduced and illustrated in `bulk' applications such as acoustic wave phase conjugation, multi-phonon coupling, explosive instability of magneto-elastic vibrations, etc. The concept of the SRT coupled to magnetoelastic interaction has been transferred into nanostructured magnetoelastic multilayers with uni-axial anisotropy. The high sensitivity and the non-linear properties have been demonstrated in cantilever type actuators, and phenomena such as magneto-mechanical RF demodulation have been observed. The combination of the magnetic layers with piezoelectric materials also led to stress-mediated magnetoelectric (ME) composites with high ME coefficients, thanks to the SRT. The magnetoacoustic effects of the SRT have also been studied for surface acoustic waves propagating in the magnetoelastic layers and found to be promising for highly sensitive magnetic field sensors working at room temperature. On the other hand, mechanical stress is a very efficient way to control the magnetic subsystem. The principle of a very energy efficient stress-mediated magnetoelectric writing and reading in a magnetic memory is described.

  12. Sound dispersion in a spin-1 Ising system near the second-order phase transition point

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erdem, Ryza; Keskin, Mustafa


    Sound dispersion relation is derived for a spin-1 Ising system and its behaviour near the second-order phase transition point or the critical point is analyzed. The method used is a combination of molecular field approximation and Onsager theory of irreversible thermodynamics. If we assume a linear coupling of sound wave with the order parameter fluctuations in the system, we find that the dispersion which is the relative sound velocity change with frequency behaves as {omega}{sup 0}{epsilon}{sup 0}, where {omega} is the sound frequency and {epsilon} the temperature distance from the critical point. In the ordered region, one also observes a frequency-dependent velocity or dispersion minimum which is shifted from the corresponding attenuation maxima. These phenomena are in good agreement with the calculations of sound velocity in other magnetic systems such as magnetic metals, magnetic insulators, and magnetic semiconductors.

  13. Sound dispersion in a spin-1 Ising system near the second-order phase transition point (United States)

    Erdem, Rýza; Keskin, Mustafa


    Sound dispersion relation is derived for a spin-1 Ising system and its behaviour near the second-order phase transition point or the critical point is analyzed. The method used is a combination of molecular field approximation and Onsager theory of irreversible thermodynamics. If we assume a linear coupling of sound wave with the order parameter fluctuations in the system, we find that the dispersion which is the relative sound velocity change with frequency behaves as ω0ε0, where ω is the sound frequency and ε the temperature distance from the critical point. In the ordered region, one also observes a frequency-dependent velocity or dispersion minimum which is shifted from the corresponding attenuation maxima. These phenomena are in good agreement with the calculations of sound velocity in other magnetic systems such as magnetic metals, magnetic insulators, and magnetic semiconductors.

  14. Noise suppression and long-range exchange coupling for gallium arsenide spin qubits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malinowski, Filip

    of the qubit splitting with respect to gate voltages. We show that for singlet-triplet and resonant exchange qubit this can be achieved by operating a quantum dot array in a highly symmetric configuration. The symmetrization approach results in a factor-of-six improvement of the double dot singlet......-triplet exchange oscillations quality factor while the dephasing times for the threeelectron resonant exchange qubit are marginally longer. Second, we present the study of the Overhauser field noise arising due to interaction with the nuclear spin bath. We show that the Overhauser field noise conforms to classical...... dot in nine different charge occupancies and identify ground state spin in all cases. For even-occupied spin-1/2 multielectron quantum dot a variation of the gate voltage by a few milivolts in the vicinity of the charge transition leads to sign change of the exchange interaction with a single...

  15. Electronic structure and Landé g-factor of a quantum ring in the presence of spin-orbit coupling: Temperature and Zeeman effect (United States)

    Zamani, A.; Setareh, F.; Azargoshasb, T.; Niknam, E.


    A wide variety of semiconductor nanostructures have been fabricated experimentally and both theoretical and experimental investigations of their features imply the great role they have in new generation technological devices. However, mathematical modeling provide a powerful means due to definitive goal of predicting the features and understanding of such structures behavior under different circumstances. Therefore, effective Hamiltonian for an electron in a quantum ring with axial symmetry in the presence of both Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions (SOI) is derived. Here we report our study of the electronic structure and electron g-factor in the presence of spin-orbit (SO) couplings under the influence of external magnetic field at finite temperature. This investigation shows that, when Rashba and Dresselhaus couplings are simultaneously present, the degeneracy is removed and energy levels split into two branches. Furthermore, with enhancing the applied magnetic field, separation of former degenerate levels increases and also avoided crossings (anti-crossing) in the energy spectra is detected. It is also discussed how the energy levels of the system can be adjusted with variation of temperature as well as the magnetic field and geometrical sizes.

  16. Hyperfine-induced hysteretic funnel structure in spin blockaded tunneling current of coupled vertical quantum dots at low magnetic field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leary, A.; Wicha, A.; Harack, B.; Coish, W. A.; Hilke, M. [Department of Physics, McGill University, Ernest Rutherford Building, 3600 rue University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T8 (Canada); Yu, G.; Gupta, J. A. [National Research Council of Canada, M50, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6 (Canada); Payette, C.; Austing, D. G. [Department of Physics, McGill University, Ernest Rutherford Building, 3600 rue University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T8, Canada and National Research Council of Canada, M50, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6 (Canada)


    We outline the properties of the hyperfine-induced funnel structure observed in the two-electron spin blockade region of a weakly coupled vertical double quantum dot device. Hysteretic steps in the leakage current occur due to dynamic nuclear polarization when either the bias voltage or the magnetic field is swept up and down. When the bias voltage is swept, an intriguing ∼3 mT wide cusp near 0 T appears in the down-sweep position, and when the magnetic field is swept, the current at 0 T can be switched from 'low' to 'high' as the bias is increased.

  17. Accurate measurement of heteronuclear dipolar couplings by phase-alternating R-symmetry (PARS) sequences in magic angle spinning NMR spectroscopy (United States)

    Hou, Guangjin; Lu, Xingyu; Vega, Alexander J.; Polenova, Tatyana


    We report a Phase-Alternating R-Symmetry (PARS) dipolar recoupling scheme for accurate measurement of heteronuclear 1H-X (X = 13C, 15N, 31P, etc.) dipolar couplings in MAS NMR experiments. It is an improvement of conventional C- and R-symmetry type DIPSHIFT experiments where, in addition to the dipolar interaction, the 1H CSA interaction persists and thereby introduces considerable errors in the dipolar measurements. In PARS, phase-shifted RN symmetry pulse blocks applied on the 1H spins combined with π pulses applied on the X spins at the end of each RN block efficiently suppress the effect from 1H chemical shift anisotropy, while keeping the 1H-X dipolar couplings intact. Another advantage over conventional DIPSHIFT experiments, which require the signal to be detected in the form of a reduced-intensity Hahn echo, is that the series of π pulses refocuses the X chemical shift and avoids the necessity of echo formation. PARS permits determination of accurate dipolar couplings in a single experiment; it is suitable for a wide range of MAS conditions including both slow and fast MAS frequencies; and it assures dipolar truncation from the remote protons. The performance of PARS is tested on two model systems, [15N]-N-acetyl-valine and [U-13C,15N]-N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe tripeptide. The application of PARS for site-resolved measurement of accurate 1H-15N dipolar couplings in the context of 3D experiments is presented on U-13C,15N-enriched dynein light chain protein LC8.

  18. Accurate measurement of heteronuclear dipolar couplings by phase-alternating R-symmetry (PARS) sequences in magic angle spinning NMR spectroscopy. (United States)

    Hou, Guangjin; Lu, Xingyu; Vega, Alexander J; Polenova, Tatyana


    We report a Phase-Alternating R-Symmetry (PARS) dipolar recoupling scheme for accurate measurement of heteronuclear (1)H-X (X = (13)C, (15)N, (31)P, etc.) dipolar couplings in MAS NMR experiments. It is an improvement of conventional C- and R-symmetry type DIPSHIFT experiments where, in addition to the dipolar interaction, the (1)H CSA interaction persists and thereby introduces considerable errors in the dipolar measurements. In PARS, phase-shifted RN symmetry pulse blocks applied on the (1)H spins combined with π pulses applied on the X spins at the end of each RN block efficiently suppress the effect from (1)H chemical shift anisotropy, while keeping the (1)H-X dipolar couplings intact. Another advantage over conventional DIPSHIFT experiments, which require the signal to be detected in the form of a reduced-intensity Hahn echo, is that the series of π pulses refocuses the X chemical shift and avoids the necessity of echo formation. PARS permits determination of accurate dipolar couplings in a single experiment; it is suitable for a wide range of MAS conditions including both slow and fast MAS frequencies; and it assures dipolar truncation from the remote protons. The performance of PARS is tested on two model systems, [(15)N]-N-acetyl-valine and [U-(13)C,(15)N]-N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe tripeptide. The application of PARS for site-resolved measurement of accurate (1)H-(15)N dipolar couplings in the context of 3D experiments is presented on U-(13)C,(15)N-enriched dynein light chain protein LC8.

  19. Accurate measurement of heteronuclear dipolar couplings by phase-alternating R-symmetry (PARS) sequences in magic angle spinning NMR spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hou, Guangjin, E-mail:, E-mail:; Lu, Xingyu, E-mail:, E-mail:; Vega, Alexander J., E-mail:, E-mail:; Polenova, Tatyana, E-mail:, E-mail: [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA and Pittsburgh Center for HIV Protein Interactions, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 1051 Biomedical Science Tower 3, 3501 Fifth Ave., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261 (United States)


    We report a Phase-Alternating R-Symmetry (PARS) dipolar recoupling scheme for accurate measurement of heteronuclear {sup 1}H-X (X = {sup 13}C, {sup 15}N, {sup 31}P, etc.) dipolar couplings in MAS NMR experiments. It is an improvement of conventional C- and R-symmetry type DIPSHIFT experiments where, in addition to the dipolar interaction, the {sup 1}H CSA interaction persists and thereby introduces considerable errors in the dipolar measurements. In PARS, phase-shifted RN symmetry pulse blocks applied on the {sup 1}H spins combined with π pulses applied on the X spins at the end of each RN block efficiently suppress the effect from {sup 1}H chemical shift anisotropy, while keeping the {sup 1}H-X dipolar couplings intact. Another advantage over conventional DIPSHIFT experiments, which require the signal to be detected in the form of a reduced-intensity Hahn echo, is that the series of π pulses refocuses the X chemical shift and avoids the necessity of echo formation. PARS permits determination of accurate dipolar couplings in a single experiment; it is suitable for a wide range of MAS conditions including both slow and fast MAS frequencies; and it assures dipolar truncation from the remote protons. The performance of PARS is tested on two model systems, [{sup 15}N]-N-acetyl-valine and [U-{sup 13}C,{sup 15}N]-N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe tripeptide. The application of PARS for site-resolved measurement of accurate {sup 1}H-{sup 15}N dipolar couplings in the context of 3D experiments is presented on U-{sup 13}C,{sup 15}N-enriched dynein light chain protein LC8.

  20. On the control of spin-boson systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boscain, Ugo, E-mail: [Centre National de Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), CMAP, École Polytechnique and Team GECO, INRIA-Centre de Recherche Saclay, Route de Saclay, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Mason, Paolo, E-mail: [CNRS-L2S-CentraleSupelec, 3 rue Joliot-Curie, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Panati, Gianluca, E-mail: [Dipartimento di Matematica, “La Sapienza” Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Rome (Italy); Sigalotti, Mario, E-mail: [Team GECO, INRIA-Centre de Recherche Saclay and CMAP, École Polytechnique, Route de Saclay, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France)


    In this paper, we study the so-called spin-boson system, namely, a two-level system in interaction with a distinguished mode of a quantized bosonic field. We give a brief description of the controlled Rabi and Jaynes–Cummings models and we discuss their appearance in the mathematics and physics literature. We then study the controllability of the Rabi model when the control is an external field acting on the bosonic part. Applying geometric control techniques to the Galerkin approximation and using perturbation theory to guarantee non-resonance of the spectrum of the drift operator, we prove approximate controllability of the system, for almost every value of the interaction parameter.

  1. Topological superradiant state in Fermi gases with cavity induced spin-orbit coupling (United States)

    Yu, Dongyang; Pan, Jian-Song; Liu, Xiong-Jun; Zhang, Wei; Yi, Wei


    Coherently driven atomic gases inside optical cavities hold great promise for generating rich dynamics and exotic states of matter. It was shown recently that an exotic topological superradiant state exists in a two-component degenerate Fermi gas coupled to a cavity, where local order parameters coexist with global topological invariants. In this work, we characterize in detail various properties of this exotic state, focusing on the feedback interactions between the atoms and the cavity field. In particular, we demonstrate that cavity-induced interband coupling plays a crucial role in inducing the topological phase transition between the conventional and topological superradiant states. We analyze the interesting signatures in the cavity field left by the closing and reopening of the atomic bulk gap across the topological phase boundary and discuss the robustness of the topological superradiant state by investigating the steady-state phase diagram under various conditions. Furthermore, we consider the interaction effect and discuss the interplay between the pairing order in atomic ensembles and the superradiance of the cavity mode. Our work provides many valuable insights into the unique cavity-atom hybrid system under study and is helpful for future experimental exploration of the topological superradiant state.

  2. New generation of two-dimensional spintronic systems realized by coupling of Rashba and Dirac fermions (United States)

    Eremeev, Sergey V.; Tsirkin, Stepan S.; Nechaev, Ilya A.; Echenique, Pedro M.; Chulkov, Evgueni V.


    Intriguing phenomena and novel physics predicted for two-dimensional (2D) systems formed by electrons in Dirac or Rashba states motivate an active search for new materials or combinations of the already revealed ones. Being very promising ingredients in themselves, interplaying Dirac and Rashba systems can provide a base for next generation of spintronics devices, to a considerable extent, by mixing their striking properties or by improving technically significant characteristics of each other. Here, we demonstrate that in BiTeI@PbSb2Te4 composed of a BiTeI trilayer on top of the topological insulator (TI) PbSb2Te4 weakly- and strongly-coupled Dirac-Rashba hybrid systems are realized. The coupling strength depends on both interface hexagonal stacking and trilayer-stacking order. The weakly-coupled system can serve as a prototype to examine, e.g., plasmonic excitations, frictional drag, spin-polarized transport, and charge-spin separation effect in multilayer helical metals. In the strongly-coupled regime, within ~100 meV energy interval of the bulk TI projected bandgap a helical state substituting for the TI surface state appears. This new state is characterized by a larger momentum, similar velocity, and strong localization within BiTeI. We anticipate that our findings pave the way for designing a new type of spintronics devices based on Rashba-Dirac coupled systems. PMID:26239268

  3. Backscattering in a helical liquid induced by Rashba spin-orbit coupling and electron interactions: Locality, symmetry, and cutoff aspects (United States)

    Kharitonov, Maxim; Geissler, Florian; Trauzettel, Björn


    The combination of the time-reversal-symmetric single-particle backscattering field (commonly known as Rashba spin-orbit coupling) and nonbackscattering electron interactions is generally expected to produce inelastic backscattering in one-dimensional helical electron liquids at the edge of two-dimensional topological insulators, as theoretically predicted in a number of works. An opposite conclusion of absent backscattering was reached in a recent work [H.-Y. Xie et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 086603 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.086603] for the "local" model of the backscattering field and interactions. Motivated to resolve this potential controversy, in the present work, we study backscattering effects employing fermionic perturbation theory and considering quite general forms of the backscattering field and electron interactions. We discover that backscattering effects are crucially sensitive to the locality properties of the backscattering field and electron interactions, to the symmetry of the latter, as well as to the presence or absence of the cutoff of the electron spectrum. We find that backscattering is indeed absent under the following assumptions: (i) local backscattering field; (ii.a) local or (ii.b) SU(2)-symmetric interactions; (iii) absent cutoff of the edge-state spectrum. However, violation of any of these conditions leads to backscattering. This also reconciles with the results based on the bosonization technique. We calculate the associated backscattering current, establish its low-bias scaling behavior, and predict a crossover between two different scaling regimes. The main implication of our findings is that backscattering of some magnitude is inevitable in a real system, although it could be quite suppressed for nearly local backscattering field and interactions.

  4. Linear perturbation renormalization group method for Ising-like spin systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Sznajd


    Full Text Available The linear perturbation group transformation (LPRG is used to study the thermodynamics of the axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising model with four spin interactions (extended ANNNI in a field. The LPRG for weakly interacting Ising chains is presented. The method is used to study finite field para-ferrimagnetic phase transitions observed in layered uranium compounds, UAs1-xSex, UPd2Si2 or UNi2Si2. The above-mentioned systems are made of ferromagnetic layers and the spins from the nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor layers are coupled by the antiferromagnetic interactions J121-xSex the para-ferri phase transition is of the first order as expected from the symmetry reason, in UT2Si2 (T=Pd, Ni this transition seems to be a continuous one, at least in the vicinity of the multicritical point. Within the MFA, the critical character of the finite field para-ferrimagnetic transition at least at one isolated point can be described by the ANNNI model supplemented by an additional, e.g., four-spin interaction. However, in LPRG approximation for the ratio κ = J2/J1 around 0.5 there is a critical value of the field for which an isolated critical point also exists in the original ANNNI model. The positive four-spin interaction shifts the critical point towards higher fields and changes the shape of the specific heat curve. In the latter case for the fields small enough, the specific heat exhibits two-peak structure in the paramagnetic phase.

  5. Gradients and Non-Adiabatic Derivative Coupling Terms for Spin-Orbit Wavefunctions (United States)


    constant. It is a postulate of quantum mechanics that the operator of an observable quantity is 128 hermitian, and thus obeys an eigenvalue equation...287) and is one of the postulates of quantum mechanics [26]. In equation (284) we found that the energy operator is expressed as t i   , which...298) 5. The Darwin term  4 24 i ii i H p E c   (299) 6. The spin-spin term        31 5 2 2 3 2 , 1 2 1 3 3 4 i ij j ij i j

  6. S3 HMBC hetero: Spin-State-Selective HMBC for accurate measurement of long-range heteronuclear coupling constants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoeck, Casper; Gotfredsen, Charlotte Held; Sørensen, Ole W.


    A novel method, Spin-State-Selective (S3) HMBC hetero, for accurate measurement of heteronuclear coupling constants is introduced. The method extends the S3 HMBC technique for measurement of homonuclear coupling constants by appending a pulse sequence element that interchanges the polarization...

  7. Vacuum spin squeezing (United States)

    Hu, Jiazhong; Chen, Wenlan; Vendeiro, Zachary; Urvoy, Alban; Braverman, Boris; Vuletić, Vladan


    We investigate the generation of entanglement (spin squeezing) in an optical-transition atomic clock through the coupling to an optical cavity in its vacuum state. We show that if each atom is prepared in a superposition of the ground state and a long-lived electronic excited state, and viewed as a spin-1/2 system, then the collective vacuum light shift entangles the atoms, resulting in a squeezed distribution of the ensemble collective spin, without any light applied. This scheme reveals that even an electromagnetic vacuum can constitute a useful resource for entanglement and quantum manipulation. By rotating the spin direction while coupling to the vacuum, the scheme can be extended to implement two-axis twisting resulting in stronger squeezing.

  8. Photon-Induced Spin-Orbit Coupling in Ultracold Atoms inside Optical Cavity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Dong


    Full Text Available We consider an atom inside a ring cavity, where a plane-wave cavity field together with an external coherent laser beam induces a two-photon Raman transition between two hyperfine ground states of the atom. This cavity-assisted Raman transition induces effective coupling between atom’s internal degrees of freedom and its center-of-mass motion. In the meantime, atomic dynamics exerts a back-action to cavity photons. We investigate the properties of this system by adopting a mean-field and a full quantum approach, and show that the interplay between the atomic dynamics and the cavity field gives rise to intriguing nonlinear phenomena.

  9. Quantum annealing with manufactured spins. (United States)

    Johnson, M W; Amin, M H S; Gildert, S; Lanting, T; Hamze, F; Dickson, N; Harris, R; Berkley, A J; Johansson, J; Bunyk, P; Chapple, E M; Enderud, C; Hilton, J P; Karimi, K; Ladizinsky, E; Ladizinsky, N; Oh, T; Perminov, I; Rich, C; Thom, M C; Tolkacheva, E; Truncik, C J S; Uchaikin, S; Wang, J; Wilson, B; Rose, G


    Many interesting but practically intractable problems can be reduced to that of finding the ground state of a system of interacting spins; however, finding such a ground state remains computationally difficult. It is believed that the ground state of some naturally occurring spin systems can be effectively attained through a process called quantum annealing. If it could be harnessed, quantum annealing might improve on known methods for solving certain types of problem. However, physical investigation of quantum annealing has been largely confined to microscopic spins in condensed-matter systems. Here we use quantum annealing to find the ground state of an artificial Ising spin system comprising an array of eight superconducting flux quantum bits with programmable spin-spin couplings. We observe a clear signature of quantum annealing, distinguishable from classical thermal annealing through the temperature dependence of the time at which the system dynamics freezes. Our implementation can be configured in situ to realize a wide variety of different spin networks, each of which can be monitored as it moves towards a low-energy configuration. This programmable artificial spin network bridges the gap between the theoretical study of ideal isolated spin networks and the experimental investigation of bulk magnetic samples. Moreover, with an increased number of spins, such a system may provide a practical physical means to implement a quantum algorithm, possibly allowing more-effective approaches to solving certain classes of hard combinatorial optimization problems.

  10. On the Coupling of Photon Spin to Electron Orbital Angular Momentum

    CERN Document Server

    Fischer, Ulrich C; Fuchs, Harald; Salut, Roland; Lefier, Yannick; Grosjean, Thierry


    Partially gold coated 90 degree glass wedges and a semi - infinite slit in a thin film of gold ending in a conducting nano-junction serve as samples to investigate the transfer of photon spin to electron orbital angular momentum. These structures were specifically designed as samples where an incident beam of light is retroreflected. Since in the process of retroreflection the turning sense of a circularly polarized beam of light does not change and the direction of propagation is inverted, the photon spin is inverted. Due to conservation of angular momentum a transfer of photon spin to electron orbital angular momentum of conduction electrons occurs. In the structures a circular movement of electrons is blocked and therefore the transfered spin can be detected as a photovoltage due to an electromotive force which is induced by the transfer of angular momentum. Depending on the polarization of the incident beam, a maximum photovoltage of about 0,2 micro V was measured for both structures. The results are inte...

  11. Coupling between Current and Dynamic Magnetization : from Domain Walls to Spin Waves

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lucassen, M.E.


    So far, we have derived some general expressions for domain-wall motion and the spin motive force. We have seen that the β parameter plays a large role in both subjects. In all chapters of this thesis, there is an emphasis on the determination of this parameter. We also know how to incorporate

  12. Tunability of Andreev levels via spin-orbit coupling in Zeeman-split Josephson junctions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hashimoto, Tatsuki; Golubov, Alexandre Avraamovitch; Tanaka, Yukio; Linder, J.


    We study Andreev reflection and Andreev levels ɛ in Zeeman-split superconductor/Rashba wire/Zeeman split superconductor junctions by solving the Bogoliubov–de Gennes equation. We theoretically demonstrate that the Andreev levels ɛ can be controlled by tuning either the strength of Rashba spin-orbit

  13. Orbit-spin coupling and the interannual variability of global-scale dust storm occurrence on Mars

    CERN Document Server

    Shirley, James H


    A new physical hypothesis predicts that a weak coupling of the orbital and rotational motions of extended bodies may give rise to a modulation of circulatory flows within their atmospheres. Driven cycles of intensification and relaxation of large-scale circulatory flows are predicted, with the phasing of these changes linked directly to the rate of change of the orbital angular momentum with respect to inertial frames. We test the hypothesis that global-scale dust storms (GDS) on Mars may occur when periods of circulatory intensification (associated with positive and negative extrema of the waveform) coincide with the southern summer dust storm season on Mars. The orbit-spin coupling hypothesis additionally predicts that the intervening transitional periods, which are characterized by the disappearance and subsequent sign change of this waveform, may be unfavorable for the occurrence of GDS, when they occur during the southern summer dust storm season. These hypotheses are confirmed through comparisons betwee...

  14. Calculation of spin and orbital magnetizations in Fe slab systems at finite temperature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garibay-Alonso, R [Facultad de Ciencias FIsico Matematicas, Universidad Autonoma de Coahuila, Conjunto Universitario Camporredondo, Edificio ' D' , 25000 Saltillo (Mexico); Reyes-Reyes, M [Instituto de Investigacion en Comunicacion Optica, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis PotosI, Alvaro Obregon 64, San Luis PotosI (Mexico); Urrutia-Banuelos, EfraIn [Departamento de Investigacion en Fisica, Universidad de Sonora, Apartado Postal 5-088, Hermosillo, Sonora 83190 (Mexico); Lopez-Sandoval, R [Instituto Potosino de Investigacion CientIfica y Tecnologica, Camino a la presa San Jose 2055, CP 78216, San Luis PotosI (Mexico)


    The temperature dependence of spin and orbital local magnetizations is theoretically determined for the non-bulk atomic region of (001) and (110) Fe slab systems. A d band Hamiltonian, including spin-orbit coupling terms, was used to model the slabs, which were emulated by using Fe films of sufficient thickness to reach a bulk behavior at their most inner atomic layers. The temperature effects were considered within the static approximation and a simple mean field theory was used to integrate the local magnetic moment and charge thermal fluctuations. The results reflect a clear interplay between electronic itinerancy and the local atomic environment and they can be physically interpreted from the local small charge transfers occurring in the superficial region of the slabs. For recovering the experimental behavior on the results for the (001) slab system, the geometrical relaxations at its non-bulk atomic layers and a d band filling variation are required. A study on the magnetic anisotropy aspects in the superficial region of the slabs is additionally performed by analyzing the results for the orbital local magnetization calculated along two different magnetization directions in both slab systems.

  15. QuSpin: a Python package for dynamics and exact diagonalisation of quantum many body systems part I: spin chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phillip Weinberg, Marin Bukov


    Full Text Available We present a new open-source Python package for exact diagonalization and quantum dynamics of spin(-photon chains, called QuSpin, supporting the use of various symmetries in 1-dimension and (imaginary time evolution for chains up to 32 sites in length. The package is well-suited to study, among others, quantum quenches at finite and infinite times, the Eigenstate Thermalisation hypothesis, many-body localisation and other dynamical phase transitions, periodically-driven (Floquet systems, adiabatic and counter-diabatic ramps, and spin-photon interactions. Moreover, QuSpin's user-friendly interface can easily be used in combination with other Python packages which makes it amenable to a high-level customisation. We explain how to use QuSpin using four detailed examples: (i Standard exact diagonalisation of XXZ chain (ii adiabatic ramping of parameters in the many-body localised XXZ model, (iii heating in the periodically-driven transverse-field Ising model in a parallel field, and (iv quantised light-atom interactions: recovering the periodically-driven atom in the semi-classical limit of a static Hamiltonian.

  16. S(3) HMBC: Spin-State-Selective HMBC for accurate measurement of homonuclear coupling constants. Application to strychnine yielding thirteen hitherto unreported J(HH). (United States)

    Kjaerulff, Louise; Benie, Andrew J; Hoeck, Casper; Gotfredsen, Charlotte H; Sørensen, Ole W


    A novel method, Spin-State-Selective (S(3)) HMBC, for accurate measurement of homonuclear coupling constants is introduced. As characteristic for S(3) techniques, S(3) HMBC yields independent subspectra corresponding to particular passive spin states and thus allows determination of coupling constants between detected spins and homonuclear coupling partners along with relative signs. In the presented S(3) HMBC experiment, spin-state selection occurs via large one-bond coupling constants ensuring high editing accuracy and unequivocal sign determination of the homonuclear long-range relative to the associated one-bond coupling constant. The sensitivity of the new experiment is comparable to that of regular edited HMBC and the accuracy of the J/RDC measurement is as usual for E.COSY and S(3)-type experiments independent of the size of the homonuclear coupling constant of interest. The merits of the method are demonstrated by an application to strychnine where thirteen J(HH) coupling constants not previously reported could be measured. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Fractalization drives crystalline states in a frustrated spin system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harrison, Neil [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sengupta, Pinaki [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Batista, Cristian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sebastian, Suchitra [UNIV OF CAMBRIDGE


    The fractalized Hofstadter butterfly energy spectrum predicted for magnetically confined fermions diffracted by a crystal lattice has remained beyond the reach of laboratory-accessible magnetic fields. We find the geometrically frustrated spin system SrCu{sub 2}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} to provide a sterling demonstration of a system in which bosons confined by a magnetic and lattice potential mimic the behavior of fermions in the extreme quantum limit, giving rise to a sequence of plateaus at all magnetization m{sub z}/M{sub sat} = 1/q ratios 9 {>=} q {>=} 2 and p/q = 2/9 (m{sub sat} is the saturation magnetization) in magnetic fields up to 85 T and temperatures down to 29 mK, within the sequence of previously identified plateaus at 1/8, 1/4, and 1/3 of the saturated magnetization. We identify this hierarchy of plateaus as a consequence of confined bosons in SrCu{sub 2}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} mimicking the high magnetic field fractalization predicted by the Hofstadter butterfly for fermionic systems. Such an experimental realization of the Hofstadter problem for interacting fermions has not been previously achieved in real materials, given the unachievably high magnetic flux densities or large lattice periods required. By a theoretical treatment that includes short-range repulsion in the Hofstadter treatment, stripe-like spin density-modulated phases are revealed in SrCu{sub 2}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} as emergent from a fluidic fractal spectrum.

  18. A quantum mechanical NMR simulation algorithm for protein-scale spin systems

    CERN Document Server

    Edwards, Luke J; Welderufael, Z T; Lee, Donghan; Kuprov, Ilya


    Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy is one of the few remaining areas of physical chemistry for which polynomially scaling simulation methods have not so far been available. Here, we report such a method and illustrate its performance by simulating common 2D and 3D liquid state NMR experiments (including accurate description of spin relaxation processes) on isotopically enriched human ubiquitin - a protein containing over a thousand nuclear spins forming an irregular polycyclic three-dimensional coupling lattice. The algorithm uses careful tailoring of the density operator space to only include nuclear spin states that are populated to a significant extent. The reduced state space is generated by analyzing spin connectivity and decoherence properties: rapidly relaxing states as well as correlations between topologically remote spins are dropped from the basis set. In the examples provided, the resulting reduction in the quantum mechanical simulation time is by many orders of magnitude.

  19. Spin-Orbit Coupling Controlled J=3/2 Electronic Ground State in 5d3 Oxides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taylor, A. E.; Calder, S.; Morrow, R.; Feng, H. L.; Upton, M. H.; Lumsden, M. D.; Yamaura, K.; Woodward, P. M.; Christianson, A. D.


    Entanglement of spin and orbital degrees of freedom drives the formation of novel quantum and topological physical states. Here we report resonant inelastic x-ray scattering measurements of the transition metal oxides Ca3LiOsO6 and Ba2YOsO6, which reveals a dramatic spitting of the t2g manifold. We invoke an intermediate coupling approach that incorporates both spin-orbit coupling and electron-electron interactions on an even footing and reveal that the ground state of 5d3-based compounds, which has remained elusive in previously applied models, is a novel spin-orbit entangled J=3/2 electronic ground state. This work reveals the hidden diversity of spin-orbit controlled ground states in 5d systems and introduces a new arena in the search for spin-orbit controlled phases of matter.

  20. Spin-dependent coupling between quantum dots and topological quantum wires (United States)

    Hoffman, Silas; Chevallier, Denis; Loss, Daniel; Klinovaja, Jelena


    Considering Rashba quantum wires with a proximity-induced superconducting gap as physical realizations of Majorana bound states and quantum dots, we calculate the overlap of the Majorana wave functions with the local wave functions on the dot. We determine the spin-dependent tunneling amplitudes between these two localized states and show that we can tune into a fully spin polarized tunneling regime by changing the distance between dot and Majorana bound state. Upon directly applying this to the tunneling model Hamiltonian, we calculate the effective magnetic field on the quantum dot flanked by two Majorana bound states. The direction of the induced magnetic field on the dot depends on the occupation of the nonlocal fermion formed from the two Majorana end states which can be used as a readout for such a Majorana qubit.

  1. Finitely connected vector spin systems with random matrix interactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coolen, A C C [Department of Mathematics, King' s College London, The Strand, London WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom); Skantzos, N S [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Celestijnenlaan 200D, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, B-3001 (Belgium); Castillo, I Perez [Rudolf Peierls Center for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Vicente, C J Perez [Departament de FIsica Fonamental, Facultat de FIsica, Universitat de Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Hatchett, J P L [Laboratory for Mathematical Neuroscience, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Hirosawa 2-1, Wako-Shi, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Wemmenhove, B [Department of Medical Physics and Biophysics, Radboud University Nijmegen, Geert Grooteplein 21, NL 6525 EZ Nijmegen (Netherlands); Nikoletopoulos, T [Department of Mathematics, King' s College London, The Strand, London WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom)


    We use finite connectivity equilibrium replica theory to solve models of finitely connected unit-length vectorial spins, with random pair-interactions which are of the orthogonal matrix type. Finitely connected spin models, although still of a mean-field nature, can be regarded as a convenient level of description in between fully connected and finite-dimensional ones. Since the spins are continuous and the connectivity c remains finite in the thermodynamic limit, the replica-symmetric order parameter is a functional. The general theory is developed for arbitrary values of the dimension d of the spins, and arbitrary choices of the ensemble of random orthogonal matrices. We calculate phase diagrams and the values of moments of the order parameter explicitly for d = 2 (finitely connected XY spins with random chiral interactions) and for d = 3 (finitely connected classical Heisenberg spins with random chiral interactions). Numerical simulations are shown to support our predictions quite satisfactorily.

  2. Spin Switching via Quantum Dot Spin Valves (United States)

    Gergs, N. M.; Bender, S. A.; Duine, R. A.; Schuricht, D.


    We develop a theory for spin transport and magnetization dynamics in a quantum dot spin valve, i.e., two magnetic reservoirs coupled to a quantum dot. Our theory is able to take into account effects of strong correlations. We demonstrate that, as a result of these strong correlations, the dot gate voltage enables control over the current-induced torques on the magnets and, in particular, enables voltage-controlled magnetic switching. The electrical resistance of the structure can be used to read out the magnetic state. Our model may be realized by a number of experimental systems, including magnetic scanning-tunneling microscope tips and artificial quantum dot systems.

  3. Lifting mean field degeneracies in anisotropic spin systems (United States)

    Sizyuk, Yuriy; Perkins, Natalia; Wolfle, Peter

    We propose a method for calculating the fluctuation contribution to the free energy of anisotropic spin systems with generic bilinear superexchange magnetic Hamiltonian based on the Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation. We show that this contribution splits the set of mean field degenerate states with rotational symmetry, and chooses states with the order parameter directed along lattice symmetric directions as the true ground states. We consider the simple example of Heisenberg-compass model on cubic lattice to show that depending on the relative strength of the compass and Heisenberg interactions the spontaneous magnetization is pinned to either one of the cubic directions or one of the cubic body diagonals with a intermediate phase in between where the minima and maxima of the free energy interchange. DMR-1005932, DMR-1511768, and NSF PHY11-25915.

  4. Spin trapping studies of essential oils in lipid systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makarova Katerina


    Full Text Available In the present work, we report the results of a spin trapping ESR study of four essential oils widely used for skin care products such as creams and bath salts. The studied essential oils are Rosmarini aetheroleum (rosemary, Menthae piperitae aetheroleum (mint, Lavandulae aetheroleum (lavender, and Thymi aetheroleum (thyme. Fenton reaction in the presence of ethanol was used to generate free radicals. The N-tert-butyl-α-phenylnitrone (PBN was used as a spin trap. In the Fenton reaction, the rosemary oil had the lowest effect on radical adduct formation as compared to the reference Fenton system. Since essential oils are known to be lipid soluble, we also conducted studies of essential oils in Fenton reaction in the presence of lipids. Two model lipids were used, namely 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC and 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC. The obtained results suggested that in the presence of DOPC lipids, the •OH and PBN/•CHCH3(OH radicals are formed in both phases, that is, water and lipids, and all the studied essential oils affected the Fenton reaction in a similar way. Whereas, in the DPPC system, the additional type of PBN/X (aN = 16.1 G, aH = 2.9 G radical adduct was generated. DFT calculations of hyperfine splittings were performed at B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p/EPR-II level of theory for the set of c-centered PBN adducts in order to identify PBN/X radical.

  5. Cluster Mean-Field Approach to the Steady-State Phase Diagram of Dissipative Spin Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiasen Jin


    Full Text Available We show that short-range correlations have a dramatic impact on the steady-state phase diagram of quantum driven-dissipative systems. This effect, never observed in equilibrium, follows from the fact that ordering in the steady state is of dynamical origin, and is established only at very long times, whereas in thermodynamic equilibrium it arises from the properties of the (free energy. To this end, by combining the cluster methods extensively used in equilibrium phase transitions to quantum trajectories and tensor-network techniques, we extend them to nonequilibrium phase transitions in dissipative many-body systems. We analyze in detail a model of spin-1/2 on a lattice interacting through an XYZ Hamiltonian, each of them coupled to an independent environment that induces incoherent spin flips. In the steady-state phase diagram derived from our cluster approach, the location of the phase boundaries and even its topology radically change, introducing reentrance of the paramagnetic phase as compared to the single-site mean field where correlations are neglected. Furthermore, a stability analysis of the cluster mean field indicates a susceptibility towards a possible incommensurate ordering, not present if short-range correlations are ignored.

  6. Coherent regimes of globally coupled dynamical systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Monte, Silvia; D'ovidio, Francesco; Mosekilde, Erik


    This Letter presents a method by which the mean field dynamics of a population of dynamical systems with parameter diversity and global coupling can be described in terms of a few macroscopic degrees of freedom. The method applies to populations of any size and functional form in the region...... of coherence. It requires linear variation or a narrow distribution for the dispersed parameter. Although an approximation, the method allows us to quantitatively study the transitions among the collective regimes as bifurcations of the effective macroscopic degrees of freedom. To illustrate, the phenomenon...

  7. Gibbs states of continuum particle systems with unbounded spins: Existence and uniqueness (United States)

    Conache, Diana; Daletskii, Alexei; Kondratiev, Yuri; Pasurek, Tanja


    We study an infinite system of particles chaotically distributed over a Euclidean space Rd. Particles are characterized by their positions x ∈Rd and an internal parameter (spin) σx∈Rm and interact via position-position and (position dependent) spin-spin pair potentials. Equilibrium states of such system are described by Gibbs measures on a marked configuration space. Due to the presence of unbounded spins, the model does not fit the classical (super-) stability theory of Ruelle. The main result of the paper is the derivation of sufficient conditions of the existence and uniqueness of the corresponding Gibbs measures.

  8. Unveiling neural coupling within the sensorimotor system : directionality and nonlinearity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Y.; Dewald, J.P.A.; van der Helm, F.C.T.; Schouten, A.C.


    Neural coupling between the central nervous system and the periphery is essential for the neural control of movement. Corticomuscular coherence is a popular linear technique to assess synchronised oscillatory activity in the sensorimotor system. This oscillatory coupling originates from ascending

  9. NMR chemical shielding and spin-spin coupling constants of liquid NH3: a systematic investigation using the sequential QM/MM method. (United States)

    Gester, Rodrigo M; Georg, Herbert C; Canuto, Sylvio; Caputo, M Cristina; Provasi, Patricio F


    The NMR spin coupling parameters, (1)J(N,H) and (2)J(H,H), and the chemical shielding, sigma((15)N), of liquid ammonia are studied from a combined and sequential QM/MM methodology. Monte Carlo simulations are performed to generate statistically uncorrelated configurations that are submitted to density functional theory calculations. Two different Lennard-Jones potentials are used in the liquid simulations. Electronic polarization is included in these two potentials via an iterative procedure with and without geometry relaxation, and the influence on the calculated properties are analyzed. B3LYP/aug-cc-pVTZ-J calculations were used to compute the (1)J(N,H) constants in the interval of -67.8 to -63.9 Hz, depending on the theoretical model used. These can be compared with the experimental results of -61.6 Hz. For the (2)J(H,H) coupling the theoretical results vary between -10.6 to -13.01 Hz. The indirect experimental result derived from partially deuterated liquid is -11.1 Hz. Inclusion of explicit hydrogen bonded molecules gives a small but important contribution. The vapor-to-liquid shifts are also considered. This shift is calculated to be negligible for (1)J(N,H) in agreement with experiment. This is rationalized as a cancellation of the geometry relaxation and pure solvent effects. For the chemical shielding, sigma((15)N) calculations at the B3LYP/aug-pcS-3 show that the vapor-to-liquid chemical shift requires the explicit use of solvent molecules. Considering only one ammonia molecule in an electrostatic embedding gives a wrong sign for the chemical shift that is corrected only with the use of explicit additional molecules. The best result calculated for the vapor to liquid chemical shift Delta sigma((15)N) is -25.2 ppm, in good agreement with the experimental value of -22.6 ppm.

  10. A distributed monitoring system for spinning-machine's spindle (United States)

    Hong, Yang; Ping, Yang; Zhou, Jian Ping


    As a key unit with textile coil process technology, spinning-machine's spindles composes of a braking switch, a threephase current motor, rolling bearings and a rotary cup. Aiming at on line monitoring and fault diagnosis, a distributed monitoring system was proposed for real-time data collection and high-speed transmission. In this system, an IPC worked as an upper deck computer and many single chip processors served as bottom controllers that working status data collection and transmission can be conveniently conducted. With the features of bulk processing data and large quantities of controlled nodal points in a workshop condition, the distributed monitoring system was developed with adoption of particular approaches such as a distributed configuration with PCI bus for real time data collection and highspeed transmission, logic compression algorithm for data processing, etc. Therefore this system realizes reliable and high-speed bulk data collection, transmission and processing to meet needs of real-time monitor and control of spindle units.

  11. Measuring the spin of black holes in binary systems using gravitational waves. (United States)

    Vitale, Salvatore; Lynch, Ryan; Veitch, John; Raymond, Vivien; Sturani, Riccardo


    Compact binary coalescences are the most promising sources of gravitational waves (GWs) for ground-based detectors. Binary systems containing one or two spinning black holes are particularly interesting due to spin-orbit (and eventual spin-spin) interactions and the opportunity of measuring spins directly through GW observations. In this Letter, we analyze simulated signals emitted by spinning binaries with several values of masses, spins, orientations, and signal-to-noise ratios, as detected by an advanced LIGO-Virgo network. We find that for moderate or high signal-to-noise ratio the spin magnitudes can be estimated with errors of a few percent (5%-30%) for neutron star-black hole (black hole-black hole) systems. Spins' tilt angle can be estimated with errors of 0.04 rad in the best cases, but typical values will be above 0.1 rad. Errors will be larger for signals barely above the threshold for detection. The difference in the azimuth angles of the spins, which may be used to check if spins are locked into resonant configurations, cannot be constrained. We observe that the best performances are obtained when the line of sight is perpendicular to the system's total angular momentum and that a sudden change of behavior occurs when a system is observed from angles such that the plane of the orbit can be seen both from above and below during the time the signal is in band. This study suggests that direct measurement of black hole spin by means of GWs can be as precise as what can be obtained from x-ray binaries.

  12. Spin transport and dynamics in magnetic insulator/metal systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vlietstra, Nynke


    In present electronics, mostly the charge of electrons is used as a carrier of information. However, the charge of electrons is not the only property of electrons; each electron also carries angular momentum, called spin. In the past decades, the possibility of using the spin of electrons as a

  13. Realities of using visually coupled systems for training applications (United States)

    Kalawsky, Roy S.


    Visually coupled system developments have led to the concept of a Virtual Cockpit known as the Super Cockpit. Advances in Super Cockpit enabling technologies has resulted in an exciting spin-off called Virtual Environments or Virtual Reality. Press release claim almost limitless possibilities for this technology. Unfortunately the level of technology required to achieve actual Virtual Reality (VR) has still to be realized. Inspection of current VR systems readily reveals several fundamental problems. However, by fully understanding the limitations in VR technology and the complex human factors interface it is possible to apply VR to many applications, especially in training. In order to create virtual reality the technology limitations must be understood and overcome. Whatever solution is eventually derived, it must fully address the complex human factors issue. This paper will review the realities of virtual environments in terms of the limitations in technology and the apparent lack of human factors understanding. The establishment and development of the British Aerospace Virtual Cockpit Facility at Brough, one of the UK's largest Virtual Environmental laboratories has provided an insight into the key issues of virtual reality. These facilities are engaged in the evaluation of fundamental engineering and human factors issues. In order to illustrate the major problems and how they can be overcome, the results of some of these studies are given.

  14. Quantum spin Hall phase in multilayer graphene


    García-Martínez, N. A.; Lado, Jose L.; Fernández Rossier, Joaquín


    The so-called quantum spin Hall phase is a topologically nontrivial insulating phase that is predicted to appear in graphene and graphenelike systems. In this paper we address the question of whether this topological property persists in multilayered systems. We consider two situations: purely multilayer graphene and heterostructures where graphene is encapsulated by trivial insulators with a strong spin-orbit coupling. We use a four-orbital tight-binding model that includes full atomic spin-...

  15. Spin-phonon coupling in Gd(Co{sub 1/2}Mn{sub 1/2})O{sub 3} perovskite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, R. X. [Curso Ciências Naturais, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, Campus VII, 65400-000 Codó-MA (Brazil); Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, Campus do Bacanga, 65085-580 São Luis-MA (Brazil); Reichlova, H. [Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Cukrovarnická 10, 162 53 Praha 6 (Czech Republic); Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, 12116 Praha 2 (Czech Republic); Marti, X. [Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Cukrovarnická 10, 162 53 Praha 6 (Czech Republic); Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, 12116 Praha 2 (Czech Republic); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720-7300 (United States); Barbosa, D. A. B. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, Campus do Bacanga, 65085-580 São Luis-MA (Brazil); Department of Chemistry, University of North Florida, 1 UNF Drive, Jacksonville, Florida 32224 (United States); Lufaso, M. W. [Department of Chemistry, University of North Florida, 1 UNF Drive, Jacksonville, Florida 32224 (United States); Araujo, B. S.; Ayala, A. P. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Campus do Pici, P.O. Box 6030, 60455-970 Fortaleza-CE (Brazil); and others


    We have investigated the temperature-dependent Raman-active phonons and the magnetic properties of Gd(Co{sub 1/2}Mn{sub 1/2})O{sub 3} perovskite ceramics in the temperature range from 40 K to 300 K. The samples crystallized in an orthorhombic distorted simple perovskite, whose symmetry belongs to the Pnma space group. The data reveal spin-phonon coupling near the ferromagnetic transition occurring at around 120 K. The correlation of the Raman and magnetization data suggests that the structural order influences the magnitude of the spin-phonon coupling.

  16. Anisotropic Spin-Orbit Coupling and Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy in Vicinal Co Films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dhesi, Sarnjeet S.; van der Laan, Gerrit; Dudzik, Esther; Shick, Alexander B.


    The anisotropy of the spin-orbit interaction, <<{lambda}{sub a}> , in vicinal Co films has been measured using x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD). A linear increase in <{lambda}{sub a}> with Co step density is found using a new sum rule and represents the first experimental confirmation that XMLD probes the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy (MAE). X-ray magnetic circular dichroism is used to confirm that the XMLD arises from changes in the local step-edge electronic structure. The XMLD sum rule gives a larger MAE compared to macroscopic values and is discussed with respect to other local probes of the MAE.

  17. The Spin Density Matrix II: Application to a system of two quantum dots

    CERN Document Server

    Kunikeev, Sharif D


    This work is a sequel to our work "The Spin Density Matrix I: General Theory and Exact Master Equations" (eprint cond-mat/0708.0644). Here we compare pure- and pseudo-spin dynamics using as an example a system of two quantum dots, a pair of localized conduction-band electrons in an n-doped GaAs semiconductor. Pure-spin dynamics is obtained by tracing out the orbital degrees of freedom, whereas pseudo-spin dynamics retains (as is conventional) an implicit coordinate dependence. We show that magnetic field inhomogeneity and spin-orbit interaction result in a non-unitary evolution in pure-spin dynamics, whereas these interactions contribute to the effective pseudo-spin Hamiltonian via terms that are asymmetric in spin permutations, in particular, the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) spin-orbit interaction. We numerically investigate the non-unitary effects in the dynamics of the triplet states population, purity, and Lamb energy shift, as a function of interdot distance and magnetic field difference. The spin-orbit in...

  18. Quasi-one-dimensional spin-orbit- and Rabi-coupled bright dipolar Bose-Einstein-condensate solitons (United States)

    Chiquillo, Emerson


    We study the formation of stable bright solitons in quasi-one-dimensional (quasi-1D) spin-orbit- (SO-) and Rabi-coupled two pseudospinor dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) of 164Dy atoms in the presence of repulsive contact interactions. As a result of the combined attraction-repulsion effect of both interactions and the addition of SO and Rabi couplings, two kinds of ground states in the form of self-trapped bright solitons can be formed, a plane-wave soliton (PWS) and a stripe soliton (SS). These quasi-1D solitons cannot exist in a condensate with purely repulsive contact interactions and SO and Rabi couplings (no dipole). Neglecting the repulsive contact interactions, our findings also show the possibility of creating PWSs and SSs. When the strengths of the two interactions are close to each other, the SS develops an oscillatory instability indicating a possibility of a breather solution, eventually leading to its destruction. We also obtain a phase diagram showing regions where the solution is a PWS or SS.

  19. Benchmark coupled-cluster g-tensor calculations with full inclusion of the two-particle spin-orbit contributions (United States)

    Perera, Ajith; Gauss, Jürgen; Verma, Prakash; Morales, Jorge A.


    We present a parallel implementation to compute electron spin resonance g-tensors at the coupled-cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) level which employs the ACES III domain-specific software tools for scalable parallel programming, i.e., the super instruction architecture language and processor (SIAL and SIP), respectively. A unique feature of the present implementation is the exact (not approximated) inclusion of the five one- and two-particle contributions to the g-tensor [i.e., the mass correction, one- and two-particle paramagnetic spin-orbit, and one- and two-particle diamagnetic spin-orbit terms]. Like in a previous implementation with effective one-electron operators [J. Gauss et al., J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 11541-11549 (2009)], our implementation utilizes analytic CC second derivatives and, therefore, classifies as a true CC linear-response treatment. Therefore, our implementation can unambiguously appraise the accuracy of less costly effective one-particle schemes and provide a rationale for their widespread use. We have considered a large selection of radicals used previously for benchmarking purposes including those studied in earlier work and conclude that at the CCSD level, the effective one-particle scheme satisfactorily captures the two-particle effects less costly than the rigorous two-particle scheme. With respect to the performance of density functional theory (DFT), we note that results obtained with the B3LYP functional exhibit the best agreement with our CCSD results. However, in general, the CCSD results agree better with the experimental data than the best DFT/B3LYP results, although in most cases within the rather large experimental error bars.

  20. The spin orbit coupling and magnetization in graphene ∖YIG and WTe2 ∖graphene ∖YIG (United States)

    Onoue, Masatoshi; Wu, Ruqian; Yang, Bowen; Shi, Jing

    Quantum anomalous Hall effect (QAHE) may occur in graphene if there are both exchange field and Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC). Since pristine graphene is not magnetic and has extremely weak SOC, these two ingredients need to be induced externally through the proximity effect or electric field. Recently experiment found the anomalous Hall effect in graphene when it is supported on yttrium-iron-garnet (YIG), indicating the proximity-induced spin polarization in graphene. However QAHE has not been observed due to small Rashba SOC. In this work, we explore the means that may lead to strong enhancement of Rashba SOC, through first-principles calculations for graphene ∖YIG and WTe2 ∖graphene ∖YIG. We find that the Rashba SOC strength is only 1.1 meV for graphene on YIG, whereas the exchange splitting is sizeable, 15 meV. The coverage of a WTe2 layer on graphene ∖YIG enhances the Rashba SOC but lowers the magnetization. The presence of electric field may offer a balance between these two quantities and the physical origins will be discussed. The work was supported by DOE-BES (UCI: Grant No. DE-FG02-05ER46237; UCR: DE-FG02-07ER4635) and by NERSC for computing time.