WorldWideScience

Sample records for country prospettive del

  1. Analysis of the photovoltaic technology for electricity supply in the Southern Mediterranean country; Prospettive del fotovoltaico per la copertura del fabbisogno di energia elettrica dei paesi della sponda sud del Mediterraneo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menna, P [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Portici, Naples (Italy). Dip. Energia

    1996-07-01

    The potential of penetration of photovoltaics in the energy systems of the countries of the Southern shore of the Mediterranean sea, from Morocco to Turkey, for both the currently mature off-grid applications (rural electrification) as well as for emerging applications (grid-support) it is investigated. In the assumption that crystalline silicon (single and multi-crystalline) will remain the base material for the commercially available PV generators, technological progress and gain in manufacturing experience as well as economies of scale will bring the production cost of the PV modules to 2 $/W{sub p} by the end of the decade (1996-2005), from the current 4-5 $/W{sub p}. At the current module-shipment growth rate, no silicon feed-stock problem should arise. In the following decade (2006-2015) a technological breakthrough will take place (thin-film based modules will become commercially available) so that the production cost of the modules will be 1 $/W{sub p} or less. The photovoltaic potential for rural electrification it is evaluated considering: the households not connected to the electricity grid, in low population-density areas and with daily global solar irradiation (mean annual) higher than (4.2 kWh) (m{sup -2}) (day{sup -1}); an average household consumption for two cases, the first to satisfy the very basic needs (basic needs case, corresponding to an electricity consumption of (550 Wh) (day{sup -1})) and the other to take into account an evolution of the demand (more comfort case, that is a consumption of (1400 Wh) (day{sup -1})).

  2. Approccio coordinato al monitoraggio del lupo su larga scala: strategie, limiti e prospettive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Ciucci

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Un'efficace politica di gestione e conservazione del lupo deve contare su informazioni affidabili di presenza e consistenza a livello dei branchi locali; su larga scala, tali informazioni devono essere raccolte in forma sistematica, organica e coordinata e con tecniche meno costose e impegnative di quelle utilizzate a fini di ricerca. In quest'ottica, l'attivazione di un sistema integrato di monitoraggio del lupo su un territorio di oltre 654 km² ha rappresentato una priorità nell'ambito di un progetto Life della Regione Emilia-Romagna. Le tecniche, e i relativi protocolli di monitoraggio, sono stati quindi adottati in base a considerazioni logistiche, alla disponibilità di risorse, mezzi e personale (18 operatori fissi, tra tecnici e studenti, alla possibilità di effettuare repliche di campionamento annuali e stagionali. La standardizzazione dei protocolli su larga scala è stata promossa da workshop di formazione sia teorici sia dimostrativi sul campo, da prove di concordanza e scambio periodico delle aree di competenza tra gli operatori coinvolti. Dati invernali relativi a presenza, spostamenti, frequenza di marcatura, dimensione, composizione e coesione dei branchi e loro area frequentata, vengono raccolti tramite snow-tracking. L'area interessata è stata suddivisa in 15 settori all'interno dei quali sono stati individuati circuiti di rilevamento, percorsi a rotazione con racchette da neve a partire da 36-48 ore dopo l'ultima nevicata e con continuità per l'intera stagione invernale, lungo i quali intercettare le piste dei lupi nella neve. Nella stagione estiva, l'eventuale presenza di cucciolate, e la localizzazione dei rispettivi rendez-vous, è stata indagata con la tecnica del wolf-howling tramite campionamento sistematico sull'intera area. Stime del numero e della composizione dei branchi, e della loro localizzazione, vengono inoltre supportate dalla tipizzazione genotipica (Laboratorio di Genetica dell

  3. Prospettive sonore nell’analisi sensoriale-acustica e nella progettazione del cibo - Sound perspectives in the sensory-acoustic analysis and design of food

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doriana Dal Palù

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo affronta il complesso tema della progettazione del suono del cibo, ponendo l’aspetto al centro del processo progettuale e considerandolo come un reale requisito di progetto. Sono messe in luce le potenzialità del progettare il suono, ma anche le difficoltà attuali da tenere in considerazione. Si propone l’applicazione di SounBe, una metodologia ed uno strumento brevettati che traggono origine dal mondo della psicoacustica e dell’analisi sensoriale, permettendo di confrontare attraverso una procedura standardizzata suoni di campioni di materiali o di cibi. È riportata una prima applicazione sperimentale e sono discusse le prospettive future nel mondo del cibo. ------ This paper deals with the complex theme of food sound design, focusing this issue at the core of the design process and considering it as a real project requirement. Some opportunities of sound design will be proposed, as well as some criticalities to be always considered. It will propose the application of SounBe, a patented method and tool developed drawing information from psychoacoustics and sensory analysis fields, that allows to compare by a standardized procedure the sounds produced by material samples or foodstuffs. A first experimental application of the method will be presented and, in conclusion, several future perspectives in the world of food will be discussed.

  4. Un’altra storia: Nuove prospettive sul cantiere della cupola di Santa Maria del Fiore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriella Battista

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ‘Un’altra storia’ (Another History is a first attempt to test the potential of detailed administrative documentation to deepen and, where necessary, modify our understanding of the creative process around the great worksite of Florence Cathedral. It treats two case studies chosen to exemplify possible strategies of navigation in the vast documentary corpus now accessible online in the website, The Years of the Cupola. The first study centers upon the person of Jacopo di Sandro, a hitherto scarcely known master stonecutter employed in the Opera di Santa Maria del Fiore workforce during the entire documented period. He distinguished himself from the very beginning for exceptional flexibility of services rendered, from day labor to a series of special assignments, including the supervision of separate worksites and of the forests in Casentino; Jacopo also emerges as an occasional entrepreneur whose independent contracts coexisted with his status as daily wage earner. At the end of the period he entered the ranks of salaried executive personnel as the administrator of the Brunelleschian fortress of Vico Pisano, demonstrating a notable fluidity amongst labor typologies which are often treated as non-communicating vessels. The second query is dedicated to the documentation on the stone components commissioned for the ‘serraglio’, or closing ring, at the top of the dome, believed to function as stabilizer of the whole self-supporting structure up to the base of the lantern. A census of the sources reveals the number, dimensions, price and delivery dates of the various orders of sandstone blocks, typically supplied in multiples of eight, the number of segments of the octagonal structure. The results are presented as an invitation to look below the surface of the masonry and consider the rationale for so much strength and weight when analyzing the dynamics of this area.

  5. La crescita del debito pubblico in Italia: evoluzione, prospettive e problemi di politica economica.(The growth of public debt in Italy: past experience, perspectives and policy problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. SPAVENTA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Il lavoro esamina l'esperienza italiana , con riferimento alla crescita e debito pubblico. Non cerca di testare opinioni contrastanti , in quanto gli effetti di alcune innovazioni finanziarie e politiche sono troppo recenti e alcuni dati sono di scarsa qualità . Piuttosto , la sua portata più limitata è di attingere alle esperienze passate e , cosa più importante , valutare le prospettive future , al fine di discutere di alcuni problemi per quanto riguarda la politica fiscale e monetaria. L'autore esamina formazione del  debito con riferimento alle necessità di finanziamento , la loro composizione e la loro misura rettificato , prima di prendere in considerazione le politiche di finanziamento perseguite dalle autorità e le variazioni nella composizione , la proprietà e il costo del debito . Infine vengono esaminati i possibili sviluppi futuri e di alcuni problemi di politica connessi  .The work surveys the Italian experience with reference to growth and public debt. It does not seek to test conflicting views, as the effects of some financial and policy innovations are too recent and some data is of poor quality. Rather, its more limited scope is to draw on past experience and, more importantly, assess future prospects in order to discuss some problems regarding both fiscal and monetary policy. The author examines debt formation with reference to borrowing requirements, their composition and their adjusted measure, before taking into consideration financing policies pursued by the authorities  and the changes in the composition, ownership and cost of debt. Finally, possible future developments and some connected policy problems are examined.JEL: H63, E52, E62

  6. The Caspian Sea question. Perspectives for the new millennium; Il gioco del Mar Caspio: prospettive per il nuovo millennio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahgat, G. [Indiana Univ., Pennsylvania (United States). Dept. of Political Science

    1999-12-01

    The break-up of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s opened the door for the international oil companies to explore and develop the Caspian Sea's hydrocarbons resources. The full utilisation of this wealth, however, has been hindered by disagreement over the ownership of the basin and the choice of export routes. Another important obstacle is the troubled relationship between the United States and Iran. [Italian] Il crollo dell'Unione Sovietica nei primi anni '90 ha consentito alle compagnie petrolifere internazionali di esplorare e sviluppare le risorse di idrocarburi del Mar Caspio. Il disaccordo sulla proprieta del bacino e sulla scelta delle rotte di esportazione ha tuttavia impedito il pieno sfruttamento di questa ricchezza. Un altro importante ostacolo e dato dalle difficili relazioni tra Stati Uniti e Iran.

  7. Prospettive sonore nell’analisi sensoriale-acustica e nella progettazione del cibo - Sound perspectives in the sensory-acoustic analysis and design of food

    OpenAIRE

    Doriana Dal Palù; Beatrice Lerma; Claudia De Giorgi; Eleonora Buiatti; Arianna Astolfi

    2015-01-01

    L’articolo affronta il complesso tema della progettazione del suono del cibo, ponendo l’aspetto al centro del processo progettuale e considerandolo come un reale requisito di progetto. Sono messe in luce le potenzialità del progettare il suono, ma anche le difficoltà attuali da tenere in considerazione. Si propone l’applicazione di SounBe, una metodologia ed uno strumento brevettati che traggono origine dal mondo della psicoacustica e dell’analisi sensoriale, permettendo di confrontare at...

  8. Dal “modello 3D” alla “scena 3D”. Prospettive e opportunità per la valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale architettonico e urbano.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Ippoliti

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La multimedialità è fatta di “ricchezza audiovisiva, profondità conoscitiva e informativa, interattività”[i] e, ancora, un prodotto multimediale dovrebbe essere “ricco, profondo e mobile, avvincente come un film, sistematico come un libro e interattivo come un videogioco”[ii]. A partire da tali definizioni, il contributo proposto intende indagare su alcune delle opportunità che le più recenti innovazioni tecnologiche offrono per l’ampliamento e la diffusione delle conoscenze sul patrimonio culturale, in particolare soffermandosi sulle applicazioni che privilegiano la “scena digitale 3D” del bene culturale, architettonico e urbano, sia in quanto interfaccia di accesso ai contenuti culturali e sia in quanto luogo in cui si costruiscono informazioni. Tale modalità di approccio, analoga e interattiva, incardinata sul coinvolgimento sensoriale ed emozionale, si costituisce di fatto come un valore aggiunto per la comunicazione, la fruizione e l’elaborazione di informazioni e contenuti, qualificandosi utilmente per la valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale. [i] Negroponte N., Essere digitali, Sperling & Kupfer, Milano, 2004. [ii] Maragliano R., Manuale di didattica multimediale, Laterza, Roma-Bari, 1994. p.43.

  9. Saussure chiama, pascoli risponde. Nuove prospettive sulla ricerca anagrammatica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Palmieri

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Dopo un’ampia e aggiornata ricostruzione storico-filologica della corrispondenza tra Saussure e Pascoli, l’articolo suggerisce nuove prospettive sulla ricerca ana-grammatica negando che esista uno iato insanabile tra il Saussure degli anagrammi e quello del Cours. Per dimostrare ciò, l’autore si avvale anche degli scritti saussuriani ritrovati nel 1996. In particolare, Saussure avrebbe ‘scoperto’ il significante (elemento linguistico individuato in contrapposizione alla figure vocale e le serie paradigmatiche proprio a partire dalla sua ricerca sulle associazioni foniche presenti nelle strutture anagrammatiche del linguaggio (poetico. Inoltre, a partire da una riflessione sul principio di similarità fonica, il confronto tra le due ricerche saussuriane consente di limitare il preteso dogma dell’arbitrarietà del segno. Ciò in perfetto accordo con Jakobson. Sviluppando poi un’intuizione di Meillet, viene analizzato il rapporto che esiste tra anagrammi e musica (dodecafonica, nel caso in questione. Chiude l’articolo una lettera immaginaria, ma non troppo, con la quale Pascoli avrebbe potuto rispondere a Saussure sulla questione degli anagrammi presenti nel testo poetico.

  10. Cappellani militari e prospettive di riforma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Cavana

    2016-03-01

    SOMMARIO: 1. Riforma dell’assistenza spirituale nelle Forze armate e impegni pattizi - 2. L’evoluzione dei sistemi di difesa in Europa e la sua incidenza sull’assistenza spirituale: il passaggio dalla coscrizione obbligatoria a un servizio di tipo professionale - 3. L’assistenza spirituale tra modello confessionista e modello pluralista. Le ragioni del ritardo legislativo - 4. L’inquadramento dei cappellani militari all’interno delle Forze armate, tra esigenze di ammodernamento e tendenze alla smilitarizzazione - 5. Inquadramento gerarchico dei cappellani militari e tradizione storica - 6. Inquadramento militare dei cappellani, principio di laicità ed esigenze funzionali - 7. Compiti delle Forze armate, principi costituzionali e nuovo ruolo dei cappellani militari - 8. La recente valorizzazione del ruolo dei cappellani militari nel sistema di difesa NATO. Osservazioni conclusive. Abstract: Military Chaplaincy in the process of reform This paper examines the service of spiritual assistance in the State military forces according to the Italian system of law, in the context of their current evolution given to the principles of the Constitution and the changing international situation and policy. After some preliminary remarks about the origins of the present debate, it compares the models of other countries concerning the service of military chaplains and focuses on the issue of their juridic status as commissioned officers in the Army, taking into consideration the advantages and disadvantages of this legal framework. In the end it makes some conclusive remarks about the new role of chaplains in military organizations, not only religious support but also advisor to the command on issue of religion and ethics and liaison with local religious leaders in an effort to understand the role of religion as both a factor in hostility and war and as a force for reconciliation and peace.

  11. La mente incarnata e le prospettive morali della Fenomenologia della Percezione

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Consiglio

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In contrasto con quella che era stata la tradizione dell’empirismo classico di matrice hobbesiana e lockiana da un lato, e la tradizione razionalista a erente al nucleo loso co cartesiano, Merleau-Ponty elabora una “terza via” che si propone di riportare la conoscenza nell’ambito dello stretto rapporto tra il corpo e i fenomeni che esso esperisce in quanto corpo vivente e non mero oggetto tra gli oggetti. Il mio corpo non è, come credeva convintamente Cartesio, mera res extensa, separata dalla mia più pura e vera essenza di res cogitans; anzi è proprio col mio essere corpo vivente che conosco pienamente il mondo. Noi non costruiamo il mondo naturale, ma lo viviamo. È in esso che avviene l’incontro con l’Altro, l’incontro di prospettive che ci mette alla prova nell’agire morale; è in questo incontro che nasce il senso che esso assume per noi. È in questo rapporto d’intersoggettività che si genera il nodo di signi cati che costituisce il mondo culturale e più ancora quello morale. In questo contesto l’ottica del corpo vissuto costituisce un presupposto radicale che modi ca n dal principio il rapporto tra soggetto e mondo, tra soggetto singolo e altri individui.

  12. Problemi e prospettive dell’organizzazione sindacale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Maria Battisti

    2013-07-01

    caracterizan las actuales relaciones entre CIGL, CISL, UIL que amenazan con descargarse sobre el sistema de relaciones sindicales. Después de haber analizado los criterios orientativos estblecidos por los recientes convenios colectivos Fiat y del art. 8 de la ley n. 143 de 2011 con respecto a los sujetos sindicales dentro de la empresa, además de las recientes propuestas en tema de representatividad sindical, el autor subraya en las conclusiones que la unidad de acción sindical juega verdaderamente un papel fundamental para gobernar el sistema italiano de relaciones sindicales en la actual situación de crisis económica y financiera.. Riassunto - Partendo da una ricostruzione storica, l’autore ripercorre la coerente e continua evoluzione della disciplina maturata nel settore privato e pubblico all’insegna di una rappresentatività effettiva, rilevando le tensioni che caratterizzano gli attuali rapporti tra CGIL, CISL, UIL che rischiano di scaricarsi sul sistema di relazioni sindacali. Dopo aver sottoposto ad analisi le linee guida poste dai recenti contratti Fiat e dall’art.8 della legge n. 143 del 2011 con riguardo ai soggetti sindacali all’interno dell’azienda, nonché le recenti proposte in tema di rappresentatività sindacale, l’A. nelle conclusioni sottolinea che l’unità d’azione sindacale può davvero svolgere un ruolo fondamentale per governare il sistema italiano di relazioni sindacali nell’attuale situazione di crisi economica e finanziaria.

  13. Le prospettive dell'economia mondiale (The global economic outlook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Sylos Labini

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available  La crisi dell’economia americana ha forti ripercussioni non solo sui paesi europei, ma sul mondo intero; le difficoltà di altri importanti paesi, come il Giappone e l’Argentina, già gravi, sono diventate ancora più gravi per la crisi americana. I paesi del Terzo Mondo mostrano andamenti molto differenziati: nei mercati in cui la presenza dell’America e di altri paesi industrializzati è indebolita dalla crisi, essi riescono a crescere anche più di prima, grazie soprattutto alle esportazioni dei beni di industrie tradizionali: per produrre tali beni usano tecniche che comportano un minor grado di meccanizzazione e una maggiore quota di lavoro diretto, e ciò consente una più ampia flessibilità dei prezzi, con la conseguenza che nei mercati internazionali la loro competitività migliora, specialmente in periodi di congiuntura negativa. Stimolati anche da una tale congiuntura vari paesi del Terzo Mondo stanno esercitando una pressione crescente per indurre i paesi industrializzati a eliminare gradualmente le protezioni – dazi e sussidi – erette a difesa delle loro agricolture; la via da seguire, però, non è questa: è la via degli aiuti organizzativi.  The crisis in the U.S. economy has a major impact not only on Europe but the whole world; the difficulties of other major countries, such as Japan and Argentina, already serious, have become even more serious for the American crisis. The Third World countries show very different trends: in the markets in which the presence of America and other industrialized countries has been weakened by the crisis, they are able to grow even more than before, thanks to exports of goods of traditional industries: to produce these assets using techniques involving a lesser degree of mechanization and a greater proportion of direct business, which allows greater flexibility in prices, with the result that their competitiveness in international markets improves, especially in times of

  14. Nuove prospettive per la storia d'impresa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amedeo Lepore

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La historia de la empresa es una disciplina abierta que puede incluir, además de las cuestiones relacionadas con la evolución de la economía, las empresas, el mercado y el mundo empresarial, otros ámbitos institucionales, culturales y sociales relacionados con los acontecimientos contemporáneos como resultado de un largo proceso de industrialización. La primera revolución industrial se inició a finales del siglo XVIII, seguida por una profunda transformación industrial que tuvo lugar en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX, la industrialización masiva del siglo XX y el nuevo escenario post-fordista del siglo XXI son los hitos históricos de un fenómeno que ha acompañado las diferentes etapas de desarrollo y la economía mundial durante el período que se caracterizó por la supremacía de la producción capitalista. En resumen, la historia de la empresa es un elemento esencial, en términos de calidad, para la comprensión de la estructura económica de un país desde una perspectiva dinámica y un punto de vista comparativo. No es sorprendente que, a comienzos del siglo XX la historia de la empresa saltó de los Estados Unidos en relación con el modelo del "big business", como un análisis y un profundo examen de la actividad, incluso de un aspecto crítico, se dirigió a algunos tipos de desarrollo y estrategias de la empresa. Como está escrito por Alfred D. Chandler: «La historia de la empresa apareció por primera vez como distinguible sub-campo de la historia económica a finales de los 1920 y en los 1930. Su predecesor, la historia económica, se convirtió en una disciplina identificable sólo unos años antes». La primera Cátedra de Historia de la Empresa se activó en 1927 en la Harvard Business School, y fue cubierta hasta mediados del siglo pasado por Norman SB Gras, que se ha decidido dividir la historia de la empresa en seis periodos diferentes: “Pre-business capitalism”, “Petty capitalism”,

  15. State of art and prospectives of composting; Stato dell`arte e prospettive del compostaggio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canditelli, M [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Trisaia, Rotondella, Matera (Italy). Dip. Ambiente

    1995-10-01

    The report illustrates the importance of composting, as a technology for wastes disposal and resource recovery. The process of aerobic stabilization, microbial mechanisms and physic-chemical parameters characterizing such activities, have been described. Importance of separate collection and compost able compound selection in the optimization of this spontaneous biotechnology for biodegradable wastes and sludge treatment, is emphasized. It is to be noted that residues that it can be used as an appropriate management process that allow the utilization of different types of wastes, converting them into a good compost, a product seems to be fit both from agronomic and environmental point of view. Regulations in force both at national and regional levels (Lombardia, Piemonte, Veneto) as well as a course to revise the present legislation, particularly suggestion to introduce a certification system, identified by an agronomic-environmental quality-mark, have also been reported.

  16. Gestione del rischio clinico nell’ASL 3 Genovese: esperienze e prospettive

    OpenAIRE

    Bruno, Giovanni; Corbella, Angela; Giacobbe, Sara; Rebagliati, Bruna

    2009-01-01

    In recent years all the most authoritative healthcare organizations have underlined the importance of improving clinical risk management strategies to ensure patients safety and cost savings. This article describes a one-year experience in the contest of ASL 3 Genovese, showing the developement of a risk management project, its aims and its limits. An adequate risk management approach should be based on a “system approach”, which assumes that errors of individuals can’t be avoided, but the sy...

  17. The appreciation at the country music in Pinar del Río, a great challenge to the art instructors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naybi Puentes Barroso

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The work presented has as main idea to country music in Pinar del Río. It constitutes a problem existing in the art instructors of music specialty of this territory. The object ive aims to present some theoretical considerations about the ability of appreciation in these specialists in order to pay to rescue the country music in Pinar del Río as an identity aspect of the territory.

  18. Attualità e prospettive della “Rete per l’Identità” - Argentina/Sud America/Europa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Murroni

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Attualità e prospettive della “Rete per l’Identità” - Argentina/Sud America/Europa
    (13-14 Novembre 2010, Centro di Documentazione Mastinu- Marras Tresnuraghes -OR-
    di Roberta Murroni

  19. E tu onore di pianti Aiace avrai. La scelta di Aiace: spunti per un confronto fra modelli psicoanalitici e neurocognitivi nell'analisi del testo e dei personaggi letterari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darwine Delvecchio

    2015-07-01

    Prendendo le mosse dalla questione del rapporto tra emozioni e letteratura, in questo articolo offriamo alcuni spunti per confrontare i metodi e alcuni strumenti per l'interpretazione delle opere letterarie elaborati dalla psicoanalisi e dalle scienze neurocognitive. Per chiarire le differenze e per giustificare l'inassimilabilità delle prospettive indagate, abbiamo scelto di proporre una lettura dell'Aiace di Sofocle, alla quale fanno da contrappunto le riflessioni dell'estetica conflittuale nicciana elaborate in particolare nel Crepuscolo degli Idoli.

  20. La financial education nella regione Puglia: analisi e prospettive di intervento

    OpenAIRE

    A. Garzoni; V. Nastasi

    2010-01-01

    Analisi del contesto e delle principali tematiche di financial education affrontate a livello internazionale e nazionale, valutazione delle opportunità e degli aspetti critici, il progetto pilota nella regione Puglia e le nuove idee di progetto da realizzare

  1. Biblioteche per la città: nuove prospettive di un servizio pubblico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Pérez Pulido

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Esta obra representa un hecho más de la excelente trayectoria de la autora que ha publicado volúmenes anteriores dedicados a la evaluación en bibliotecas públicas y a la cooperación bibliotecaria. Investigadora en la Universidad de Viterbo y en la Universidad de la Sapienza en Roma, posee también una amplia experiencia profesional en todo tipo de bibliotecas, destacando las bibliotecas universitarias y las bibliotecas parlamentarias, ocupando hoy su puesto de trabajo en la biblioteca del Senado de Roma “Giovanni Spadolini”.

  2. Book review. Rapporto Nomisma 2014: La professione medico veterinaria - Prospettive future. FNOVI, Autori Vari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Graziani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Il presidente della Federazione Nazionale degli Ordini Veterinari Italiani (FNOVI, Gaetano Penocchio, si pone alcune domande: "Chi siamo per il "mondo del lavoro"? Quanto ha bisogno di noi? Siamo preparati a rispondere o a stimolare la domanda di professionalità veterinarie? Come restare competitivi e come garantire nuovi sbocchi occupazionali?". Il nuovo Rapporto sulla professione medico veterinaria, che esce a 4 anni di distanza dal precedente ed è ancora curato da Nomisma, nasce proprio per dare risposta agli interrogativi di cui sopra, proponendosi come strumento informativo aggiornato per il mondo veterinario e per le Istituzioni, nonché come strumento di approfondimento su cui fondare ulteriori riflessioni. Il volume si focalizza soprattutto sui diversi ambiti occupazionali del medico veterinario e sulla dimensione prospettica al 2030 dei possibili scenari evolutivi della professione. Lo "sguardo demoscopico" del Rapporto non prescinde da un dato che deve far riflettere, ovvero che in Italia il rapporto fra popolazione e medici veterinari è (ancora il più alto d'Europa. In vent'anni i veterinari sono raddoppiati fino agli attuali 30.415 di cui il 77% liberi professionisti, quindi esposti al rischio di non avere una continuità lavorativa. Tutto questo, peraltro, nel pieno di spinte recessive che ciclicamente colpiscono il Paese e nel quadro di una crisi globale che si protrae dal 2007. Eppure il Rapporto mette in luce che il 27% delle esportazioni italiane è rappresentato da prodotti alimentari di origine animale e che il comparto della filiera agroalimentare, strettamente connesso alla professione medico veterinaria, ha tenuto contenendo il calo dei consumi alimentari. Una chiave per rilanciare la professione potrebbe essere, ad esempio, quella della specializzazione nell'ambito della sicurezza alimentare: un settore poco curato soprattutto in ambito universitario, come afferma il presidente della FNOVI che chiosa così: "La

  3. The prevalence of ABCB1:c.227_230delATAG mutation in affected dog breeds from European countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firdova, Zuzana; Turnova, Evelina; Bielikova, Marcela; Turna, Jan; Dudas, Andrej

    2016-06-01

    Deletion of 4-base pairs in the canine ABCB1 (MDR1) gene, responsible for encoding P-glycoprotein, leads to nonsense frame-shift mutation, which causes hypersensitivity to macrocyclic lactones drugs (e.g. ivermectin). To date, at least 12 purebred dog breeds have been found to be affected by this mutation. The aim of this study was to update information about the prevalence of ABCB1 mutation (c.227_230delATAG) in predisposed breeds in multiple European countries. This large scale survey also includes countries which were not involved in previous studies. The samples were collected in the period from 2012 to 2014. The overview is based on genotyping data of 4729 individuals. The observed mutant allele frequencies were 58.5% (Smooth Collie), 48.3% (Rough Collie), 35% (Australian Shepherd), 30.3% (Shetland Sheepdog), 28.1% (Silken Windhound), 26.1% (Miniature Australian Shepherd), 24.3% (Longhaired Whippet), 16.2% (White Swiss Shepherd) and 0% (Border Collie). The possible presence of an ABCB1 mutant allele in Akita-Inu breed has been investigated with negative results. This information could be helpful for breeders in optimization of their breeding strategy and for veterinarians when prescribing drug therapy for dogs of predisposed breeds. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. La scrittura è antiquata. Una prospettiva ermeneutica sulla genesi e destino del grafismo nell'epoca della tecnica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo De Stefano

    2014-12-01

    Partendo dalle tesi di McLuhan e di André Leroi-Gourhan secondo cui la storia dell'evoluzione umana è la storia integrata delle tecniche e dei linguaggi rapportata alle prospettive filosofiche sulla tecnica di Günther Anders, Arnold Gehlen e Martin Heidegger, si analizzano i mutamenti antropologici in relazione alle rivoluzioni mass mediali dalla comparsa del grafismo ai “mass media della terza ondata”. Sulla scorta di tali analisi, si prova infine a indagare e delineare una prospettiva etica della civiltà tecnologica in relazione al corretto uso e comprensione dei nuovi mass media.

  5. La lingua2 nel Web. Prospettive digitali per la didattica dell’italiano a stranieri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Quaggia

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available L'articolo si compone di due parti. Nella prima si espongono alcuni punti focali del dibattito sul rapporto tra glottodidattica e tecnologie digitali (dai dispositivi mobili ai software per la comunicazione, fino agli attuali socialnetwork. In particolare l’attenzione è rivolta sul fatto che la lingua della comunicazione digitale costituisce una varietà linguistica dal confronto con la quale l’insegnamento di una L2 non può ormai prescindere, e che le tecnologie digitali della comunicazione, se correttamente adottate fuori e dentro la classe, consentono di ridurre il confine tra apprendimento guidato e acquisizione spontanea di una lingua seconda. Filo conduttore della riflessione è il concetto di “competenza comunicativa digitale”, che si aggiunge alle componenti della competenza linguistico-comunicativa indicate dal Quadro Comune Europeo di Riferimento per le Lingue. Nella seconda parte del lavoro, dal taglio più didattico, si presenta una serie di strumenti e di esperienze di insegnamento/apprendimento della L2 con l’uso delle tecnologie digitali. In particolare ci si sofferma sulle opportunità offerte dal Web 2.0, simulando la creazione di una piattaforma per l’insegnamento/apprendimento dell’italiano L2 completamente online. Non si tratta di una semplice piattaforma per l’e-learning (o d-learning, ma di una vera e propria rete per l’insegnamento, l’apprendimento, la comunicazione e la formazione che trasforma il modo in cui si usa, si apprende e si insegna una L2. L2 on the Web. Digital perspectives for teaching italian to foreignersThe article consists of two parts. In the first we illustrate some focal points in the debate on the relationship between language teaching and digital technologies (from mobile devices to communication software and current social networks. In particular, we focus on the fact that the language of digital communication is a linguistic variety which L2 teaching can no longer ignore, and

  6. Uva da tavola ipocalorica, possibilità di coltivazione e nuove prospettive di mercato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donato Antonacci

    2017-01-01

    takes into account the real needs of Western countries where diabetes, hyperglycemia, obesity and cardiovascular diseases are the main dismetabolisms arising from a diet too rich in calories. These grapes thus represent a new frontier and an opportunity for producers of table grapes, who want to enterprise a market share on “grape diet”, and represent a genetic basis for breeding aimed at obtaining new hypocaloric grape cultivars.

  7. Vivere la transizione. La fine del monopolio delle scienze ecclesiasticistiche e la difficoltà di gestire le nuove dimensioni del fenomeno religioso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Autori vari (Silvio Ferrari e altri

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Si pubblicano di seguito i testi degli interventi tenuti il 27 gennaio 2017 presso la sede bolognese de “il Mulino” in occasione dell’Incontro annuale degli “Amici dei Quaderni di diritto e politica ecclesiastica”. La peculiare rilevanza del tema del dibattito induce a estenderlo anche a quanti non hanno potuto prendervi parte di persona. Pertanto, s’invitano tutti i cultori delle materie del settore scientifico-disciplinare Ius 11 (professori ordinari, associati, ricercatori, assegnisti, dottori di ricerca, cultori a inviare liberamente un proprio contributo, contenuto in non più di cinque cartelle, per dare progressivamente corpo a un quadro articolato e plurale dello stato delle discipline e delle prospettive future. I contributi, conformi ai criteri redazionali, non saranno sottoposti a valutazione.

  8. Local television stations in the Basque Country in Internet/ Las televisiones locales del País Vasco en Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dra. Teresa Santos Díez, mariateresa.santos@ehu.es

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available As it is happening with all mass media, the future of local televisions inevitably depends on the Internet. Local media have found in the new technologies a way to defy their natural communication space. Thanks to Internet, territory disappears as a geographical limit; it allows local media to reach a wider audience, placing them alongside large media companies and increasing their competition chances. For this reason, in recent years many television stations have shown an interest in this area and have developed a website. In this investigation the authors analyze the presence of local television stations of the Basque Country in the Web and study whether they fully exploit the resources at their disposal in the cyberspace.El futuro de las televisiones locales, al igual que el de todo medio de comunicación, pasa necesariamente por estar presente en Internet. Estos pequeños medios locales encuentran en las nuevas tecnologías una manera de superar su espacio de comunicación original. No sólo el territorio, como límite geográfico, deja de ser una desventaja sino que las emisoras locales que saltan a la Red tienen acceso de esta forma a una audiencia potencial que no tiene nada que envidiar a la de las grandes empresas de comunicación, lo que les permite competir en mejores condiciones. De esta forma, en los últimos años muchas emisoras locales han mostrado su interés en el medio y han desarrollado un sitio web. Este artículo estudia la presencia de las televisiones locales del País Vasco en la Red y el grado de aprovechamiento que hacen de las posibilidades que les ofrece el medio digital.

  9. Orientalismi: nuove prospettive interpretative

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Proglio

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper is aimed at reconsidering the concept of Orientalism in a new and multiple perspective, and at proposing a different interpretation of the relationship between culture and power, starting from Edward Said’s theoretical frame of reference. If Said’s representational model is repositioned out of structuralist and foucaultian frameworks and separated from the gramscian idea of hegemony-subordination, indeed, it may be possible to re-discuss the traditional profile identifying the Other in the European cultures. My basic assumption here is that Orientalism should not be understood as a consensus mechanism, which is able to produce diversified images of the Orient and the Oriental on demand. Although, of course, in most cases Orientalism is connected to the issue of power, its meanings could also be explained —as it will be soon shown— otherwise. Let’s take The Invisible Cities by Italo Calvino as an example. Here the narratives are not just multiple repetitions of Venice —in Said’s case, the same would hold for Europeanism—, but they could be strategically re-appropriated by those “others” and “alterities” whose bodies and identities are imposed by the Eurocentric discourse. In this sense, a double link may be identified with queer theories and postcolonial studies, and the notion of subordination will be rethought. Finally, from the above mentioned borders, a new idea of image emerges, which appears as linear, uniform and flattened only to the European gaze, whereas in actual fact it is made of imaginaries and forms of knowledge, which combine representation with the conceptualization of power relationships.

  10. Prospettive della scienza

    CERN Document Server

    Eigen, Manfred

    1991-01-01

    Che vuol dire e a quale scopo dedicarsi alla ricerca di base ; Mozart, ovvero la nostra incapacità di comprendere il genio ; l'"Homunculus" nell'epoca delle biotecnologie ; spirale della crescita e scarsità.

  11. Il commercio dei captivi nel Mediterraneo di età moderna (secc. XVI - XVIII. Orientamenti e prospettive attuali di ricerca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bosco, Michele

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Da oltre un ventennio, il tema della guerra da corsa e quello del commercio dei captivi nel Mediterraneo di età moderna, ad esso strettamente connesso, sono oggetto di rinnovato interesse da parte della storiografia internazionale. Soprattutto in Italia, Spagna e Francia (ma anche altrove, ricerche sistematiche hanno permesso di ricostruire diversi aspetti della schiavitù nel Mediterraneo di età moderna: modalità della cattura, condizioni di vita dei prigionieri, riscatti, conversioni. Non solo storici, ma anche antropologi, economisti, storici delle religioni e del diritto hanno dato il loro contributo alla ricerca, tradottosi in raccolte di saggi o in volumi monografici; tale abbondante produzione ha innanzitutto mostrato chiaramente come la guerra da corsa e il commercio dei captivi abbiano rappresentato a lungo un elemento cruciale della storia dei paesi che si affacciano sul Mediterraneo, dal medioevo all’età moderna, giungendo fino ai primi decenni del secolo XIX. Nelle prossime pagine proveremo a ricostruire, a grandi linee, l’evoluzione del dibattito storiografico sull’argomento, in modo da far emergere le questioni ancora aperte e di individuare nuovi possibili percorsi di indagine, che sfruttino in particolare le serie documentarie ancora scarsamente utilizzate o meritevoli di ulteriori ricerche.

  12. Moneta e Credito: storia e prospettive di una rivista (Money And Credit: History And Prospects Of A Magazine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Roncaglia

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Con questo numero speciale si apre una nuova stagione della storia della nostra rivista. In una fase di ristrutturazioni interne, la Banca Nazionale del Lavoro ha concordato la cessione della proprietà della rivista stessa e della sua consorella Quarterly Review all' Associazione Paolo Sylos Labini, mantenendo un collegamento tramite una sponsorizzazione. In questo modo è stato possibile salvare due riviste con una storia lunga e prestigiosa, conservandone intatto l'orientamento verso la ricerca e il dibattito scientifico nel campo della teoria e della politica economica, con attenzione particolare ma non esclusiva per gli aspetti monetari e finanziari e senza alcuna preconcetta scelta di campo tra le diverse scuole di pensiero. With this special issue opens a new era in the history of our magazine. In a period of internal restructuring, the Banca Nazionale del Lavoro agreed on the transfer of ownership of the magazine itself and all of its sister Quarterly Review 'Association Paolo Sylos Labini, while maintaining a connection via a sponsorship. In this way it was possible to save two magazines with a long and prestigious history, keeping intact the orientation towards research and scientific debate in the field of economic theory and policy, with particular but not exclusive attention to the monetary and financial aspects and without any preconceived choice of field between the different schools of thought.  JEL Codes: E44, G01 

  13. Nuove prospettive per l’utilizzo del remote sensing nella gestione delle emergenze da rischi Natech e l’uso della terminologia specifica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabina Di Franco

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The Earth Observation (EO techniques are becoming increasingly important in risk management activities not only for natural hazards and natural disaster monitoring but also to ride out industrial and Natech accidents. The latest development in the aerospace industry such as sensors miniaturization and high spatial and temporal resolution missions devoted to monitoring areas of specific interest, have made the use of EO techniques more efficient and ready to use in near real time conditions. This paper summarize the current state of knowledge on how EO data can be useful in manage all the phases of the Natech disaster, from the environmental conditions before the accident strikes to the post accident relief, from the scenario setting and planning stage to damage assessment. Moreover some terminological tools are proposed NHWikisaurus and EOSterm thesaurus, that could be useful for semantic knowledge spreading in EO and risk managment.

  14. First Italian intercomparison on methodologies for dose assessment from internal contamination. Results and perspectives; Primo interconfronto italiano sulle metodiche di valutazione di dose da contaminazione interna: risultati e prospettive

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castellani, C.M.; Battisti, P.; Tarroni [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Ezio Clementel, Bologna (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1998-07-01

    In the frame of the MIDIA activities (coordination of whole body counters operating in Italy) an intercomparison on dose evaluation methods was promoted and carried out between October 1995 and March 1996 by 5 WBC centres. The main results related to the estimation of Intake and effective dose equivalent on the four case studies are reported. A comparison with European preliminary results is also presented. Finally perspectives related to the quality assurance of internal dosimetry estimates are indicated. [Italian] Vengono riportati i risultati delle valutazioni di Intake e di equivalente di dose nei centri MIDIA (coordinamento dei WBC operanti in Italia) per effettuare un interconfronto sui metodi di valutazione di dose da contaminazione interna utilizzando casi di studio reperiti in ambiente europeo. Vengono indicate le prospettive per la valutazione della qualita' della stima di dose in dosimetria interna.

  15. Medicamentos de alto costo: análisis y propuestas para los países del Mercosur Costly drugs: analysis and proposals for the Mercosur countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo H Marín

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar la forma en que los países del Mercosur acceden, regulan y financian los medicamentos de alto costo (MAC y proponer estrategias de selección y financiación conjunta a nivel sub-regional. MÉTODOS: Diseño cualitativo, utilizando análisis de contenido de fuentes primarias y secundarias, revisiones documentales, entrevistas, grupos focales y análisis de casos Las variables seleccionadas incluyeron: criterios de selección, acceso, financiación y regulación en los distintos países. Los MAC se clasificaron en aquellos que no modifican el curso natural de la enfermedad y aquellos que tiene eficacia demostrada, utilizando la dosis diaria definida para comparar los costos entre tratamientos clásicos y los realizados con MAC. RESULTADOS: Los países del Mercosur carecen en su gran mayoría de estrategias formales para enfrentar las demandas de MAC, y gobiernos y aseguradoras terminan por financiarlos por vía judicial. Los análisis de casos muestran que existen MAC sin eficacia comprobada que igualmente generan demanda. Las compras atomizadas, los compromisos internacionales respecto a propiedad intelectual y el bajo poder de negociación incrementan los precios de MAC exponencialmente, poniendo en riesgo la economía de los sistemas sanitarios. CONCLUSIONES: Los MAC deben ser regulados y seleccionados racionalmente permitiendo que solo aquellos que beneficien sustantivamente a la población sean aceptados. Para financiar los MAC así seleccionados se requieren estrategias comunes entre países que incluyan opciones tales como flexibilidades de acuerdos comerciales, creación de fondos nacionales de recursos o compra conjunta entre países para potenciar su poder de negociación.OBJECTIVE: Determine how the Mercosur countries access, regulate, and finance costly drugs and propose joint selection and financing strategies at the subregional level. METHODS: Qualitative design, using content analyses of primary and secondary

  16. Multidisciplinary projects and investigations on the solid earth geophysics; Metodi e prospettive per una maggiore conoscenza della crosta terrestre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Slejko, D. [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Gruppo Nazionale di Geofisica della Terra Solida, Trieste (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    Physical phenomena that occur in the solid part of the Earth are investigated by Solid Earth Geophysics together with problems related to the shape, location, and characteristics of the different parts that constitute the Earth. Repeated measurements lead the scientists to model the past evolution of the various processes as well as to forecast the future ones. Various disciplines refer to Solid Earth Geophysics, they are: Seismology, Gravimetry, Magnetometry, Geothermics, Geodesy, Geo electromagnetism, and Seismic Exploration. A special citation is due to Applied Geophysics, which are devoted to the identification of minerals, energetic and natural resources. The National Group of Solid Earth Geophysics was constituted in 1978 by CNR for promoting, developing, and coordinating researches related to Solid Earth Geophysics. The limited annual financial budget has conditioned the realisation of relevant multi-disciplinary projects. Nevertheless, important results were obtained in all different fields of Geophysics and were disseminated during the annual conference of the Group. A summary review of the main topics treated during the last conference is given here and some ideas for future research projects are presented. [Italian] La Geofisica della Terra Solida e' quella branca delle scienze e delle tecnologie che prende in considerazione dei fenomeni connessi con le caratteristiche fisiche della parte solida della Terra. La complessita' della costituzione della Terra e della sua evoluzione nel tempo implica che vengano prese in considerazione tutte le fenomenologie che si riescono a misurare e che costituiscono branche diverse della Geofisica: la Sismologia, la Gravimetria, la Magnetometria, la Geotermia, la Geodesia, il Geoelettromagnetismo, la Geofisica applicata. Ognuna di queste branche della Geofisica ha avuto in passato uno sviluppo quasi del tutto indipendente con collaborazioni o integrazioni dirtte ad obiettivi specifici, limitati anche nel tempo

  17. L'economia occidentale negli anni settanta: valutazioni e prospettive. (Western economic performance in the 1970s: a perspective and assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. MADDISON

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Nel " periodo d'oro " degli anni 1950 e 1960 la crescita economica nei paesi capitalisti avanzati ha superato tutti i record storici . La performance di crescita nel 1970 si è quindi significativamente deteriorata , e il ritmo di inflazione è più che raddoppiato . Il presente lavoro si concentra sui temi del rallentamento dei tassi di crescita e l'accelerazione degli aumenti dei prezzi in questo periodo . L'aurore analizza per prima cosa le favoreboli condizioni degli anni '50 e '60 e le buone politiche applicate . sucessivamente viene analizzato il deterioramentonegli delle politiche economiche negli anni '70 . Infine viene trattato il grado di successo o il fallimento della politica economica negli anni '70 .In the “golden age” of the 1950s and 1960s economic growth in the advanced capitalist countries surpassed virtually all historical records. Growth performance in the 1970s then deteriorated significantly, and the pace of inflation more than doubled. The present paper looks at questions related to the slowdown in growth rates and the acceleration of price increases in this period. The author first analyses to what extent favourable performance in the 50s and 60s was due to chance or good policy. Conversely, the extent to which deterioration in the 70s was due to circumstance or bad policy is then considered. Finally, the degree of success or failure of economic policy in the 70s is dealt with. JEL: E31, E65

  18. Estructura de la competencia comunicativa del enfermero colaborador en países anglófonos Structure of the communicative competence of nurses who cooperate in English-speaking countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Gloria Barbón Pérez

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available El progreso de la competencia comunicativa del enfermero colaborador que brinda servicios de salud a pacientes foráneos requiere de la definición de la estructura teórica, dada su significación a la hora de tener en cuenta las necesidades del contexto. En este trabajo se expone la estructura teórica de la competencia comunicativa en la enseñanza del inglés al enfermero que cooperará en países anglófonos.The communicative competence progress of nurses who assist foreign patients requires a definition of its theoretical structure, given the significance of the context. This paper presents the theoretical structure of this communicative competence within the teaching of English to nurses intended to cooperate in English-speaking countries.

  19. Un Manifesto economico per i paesi del Golfo Persico esportatori di petrolio(An Economic Manifesto for the Oil Exporting Countries of the Persian Gulf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Askari

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The oil-exporting countries of the Persian Gulf have failed economically and socially. It is time for a radical new approach to managing oil revenues while oil and gas reserves last. We propose an approach to cut the level of oil revenues available to governments to zero while incorporating a formal "Oil Fund for All Generations". Others have proposed and implemented oil funds but in our proposal the government would (in time lose all access to oil revenues; by taking easy money away from governments and rulers, waste, corruption, military expenditures and wars will be reduced, there will be better chance of adopting and implementing rational economic policies, and equity across generations may be enhanced. Hope may be slowly restored to a region that has lost hope. I paesi del Golfo Persico esportatori di petrolio hanno fallito dal punto di vista economico e sociale. È tempo di adottare un approccio radicalmente nuovo alla gestione dei ricavi petroliferi finché vi sono ancora riserve di petrolio e di gas. Noi proponiamo un approccio finalizzato ad azzerare il livello dei ricavi disponibili per i governi, istituendo allo stesso tempo un formale “Fondo petrolifero per tutte le generazioni”. Fondi petroliferi sono stati ipotizzati e realizzati anche da altri, ma nella nostra proposta il governo perderebbe (col tempo qualunque accesso ai ricavi petroliferi; sottraendo denaro facile ai governi e ai sovrani, la probabilità di sprechi, corruzione e guerre risulterebbe ridotta, e vi sarebbe maggiore possibilità di adottare e mettere in pratica politiche economiche razionali finalizzate ad accrescere l’equità tra le generazioni.  JEL Codes: O13, O53, Q48Keywords: Gas; Oil

  20. Il Settecento: osservazioni e prospettive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Di Salvo

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The eighteenth Century: Remarks and Perspectives This very short paper focuses on Russian studies on the eighteenth century and briefly points new possibilities and fields of interest that have opened since the Nineties.

  1. Trauma Studies: prospettive e problemi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachele Branchini

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The trauma paradigm pervades contemporary life. In newspapers, on television, on the web, even in ordinary conversation, experiences of every kind (both figurative and positive ones are described as “traumatic”. Thus the very meaning of the term is often overturned. This article seeks to reshape the limits of the concept of trauma by tracing its evolution from the psychological debate of the early nineteenth century to the recent setting up of the specific discipline of Trauma Studies.

  2. Interpersonal violence in three Caribbean countries: Barbados, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago Violencia interpersonal en tres países del Caribe: Barbados, Jamaica y Trinidad y Tobago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsie Le Franc

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: This article reports the prevalence of two types of interpersonal violence (IPV (sexual and physical and one type of aggression (psychological in three low-to-middle-income Caribbean countries. It examines IPV among adolescents and young adults as both victims and perpetrators. METHODS: This population-based study compares the experiences of 15-30 year olds in countries at different levels of socioeconomic development. The Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2 and other behavioral instruments were used to assess the level and characteristics of IPV. RESULTS: Out of 3 401 respondents, 70.9% reported victimization by some form of violence, which was most commonly perpetrated by a relationship partner (62.8%. Sexual violence victimization was reported more commonly by women, and was highest in Jamaica. Significant between-country differences in overall levels of reported physical violence, and psychological aggression, were evident when stratifying by perpetrator type. CONCLUSIONS: The very high levels of reported IPV indicate very high levels of tolerance among victims, and suggest a culture of violence and of adversarial intimate relationships may be well entrenched. The findings support the view that co-occurrence of general interpersonal violence and partner violence may be limited, and that one may not necessarily be a predictor of the other. They also reveal that, among partners, not only are there no gender differentials in victimization by physical violence, but more women than men are self-reporting as perpetrators of this type of IPV.OBJETIVOS: Se informa la prevalencia de dos formas de violencia interpersonal (VIP -la sexual y la física- y de un tipo de agresión -la psicológica- en tres países del Caribe de bajo a mediano ingresos. Se analiza la VIP entre adolescentes y adultos jóvenes, ya sea como víctimas o agresores. MÉTODOS: En este estudio basado en la población se comparan las experiencias de personas de 15 a 30

  3. The Aula EspaZio Gela and the Master of Space Science and Technology in the Universidad Del País Vasco (University of the Basque Country)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Lavega, Agustín; Pérez-Hoyos, Santiago; Hueso, Ricardo; del Río-Gaztelurrutia, Teresa; Oleaga, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    We present the Aula EspaZio Gela, a facility dedicated to teaching Space Science and Technology at the master and doctorate level at the University of the Basque Country (Spain), and to promoting the development of this field in both public and private sectors. The one-year master's degree in Space Science and Technology (60 ECTS (European Credit…

  4. The climate change in the Basque Country. A Plan Against Climate Change; el cambio climatico en la comunidad autonoma del Pais Vasco. Un Plan de Lucha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Basurko Perez de Arenaza, I.

    2008-07-01

    This feature shows the reality of Climate Change from a global to a regional point of view in the Basque Country. Therefore describes the measures developed by Basque Government to get a reduction of CO{sub 2} emissions and avoid the effects of this environmental problem. (Author)

  5. Evaluación de las políticas contra el tabaquismo en países latinoamericanos en la era del Convenio Marco para el Control del Tabaco Evaluating tobacco control policy in Latin American countries during the era of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Francis Thrasher

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: El Convenio Marco para el Control del Tabaco (CMCT pretende coordinar las políticas mundiales que reducen el consumo de tabaco. Con toda probabilidad, estas medidas tendrán efectos en países de ingresos medianos y bajos; no obstante, se requieren estudios de evaluación para determinar sus consecuencias y las posibles sinergias entre las directrices. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: El Proyecto Internacional de Evaluación de Políticas para el Control del Tabaco (ITC es una colaboración internacional para evaluar el efecto psicosocial y conductual que causan las políticas promovidas por el CMCT en adultos fumadores de nueve países. El marco de evaluación ITC utiliza diversos controles de país, con un diseño longitudinal y un modelo conceptual basado en teorías para probar las hipótesis sobre los efectos anticipados de determinadas políticas. RESULTADOS: Los resultados del análisis de datos confirman por lo general los hallazgos anteriores de investigaciones basadas en las recomendaciones del CMCT, y se refieren a las siguientes políticas: promover etiquetas de advertencia con imágenes gráficas, prohibir el uso de las descripciones "ligero" y "suave", establecer ambientes libres de humo de tabaco, incrementar los impuestos, prohibir la publicidad del cigarro e implementar nuevos métodos para evaluar los componentes del cigarro. CONCLUSIONES: Los hallazgos iniciales sugieren que los países latinoamericanos podrían aplicar métodos similares para vigilar y evaluar sus propias directrices, así como fortalecer el cuerpo de conocimiento sobre políticas en otros países.OBJECTIVE: The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC aims to coordinate tobacco control policies around the world that reduce tobacco consumption. The FCTC's recommended policies are likely to be effective in low- and middle-income countries. Nevertheless, policy evaluation studies are needed to determine policy impact and potential synergies across policies

  6. Proyecto Grannacional ALBASALUD para Centro Regulador de Medicamentos Esenciales de los países del ALBA-TCP Grand-national Project ALBASALUD for Regulatory Center of Essential Drugs for the ALBA-TCP countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celeste Aurora Sánchez González

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available La Autoridad Reguladora de Medicamentos de Cuba, coordina un Proyecto de la Alianza Bolivariana para los pueblos de América-Tratado de Libre Comercio (ALBA-TCP, dirigido al desarrollo de un Centro Regulador para los países del ALBA como nuevo organismo regional de integración farmacéutica, en aras de contar con un Registro Grannacional válido en todos los países partes, como herramienta para facilitar el acceso a medicamentos esenciales de calidad. Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo diseñar y conducir desde el punto de vista técnico un proyecto para crear las bases legales y metodológicas del futuro centro y sus funciones básicas. Se emplearon técnicas de grupo nominal, puntos de referencia, consultas a expertos y se crearon metodologías específicas para planear y confeccionar los documentos necesarios. Se utilizaron lineamientos de organismos reguladores internacionales, cuadros básicos de medicamentos y reglamentación farmacéutica de los países participantes. Se desarrollaron y aplicaron documentos y estrategias para el trabajo del proyecto durante la etapa de preinversión, se definió el primer listado de medicamentos esenciales del ALBA y se aprobaron las fundamentales disposiciones legales y la reglamentación para las funciones de registro, vigilancia, inspecciones, laboratorios y liberación de lotes. El Proyecto Grannacional ALBASALUD "Centro Regulador de Medicamentos del ALBA-TCP" aplicado ha demostrado su eficiencia y capacidad para alcanzar los objetivos trazados mediante un trabajo científico-técnico con participación colectiva, que ha garantizado las disposiciones y lineamientos requeridos para sus funciones básicas y respaldo legal.The Drug Regulatory Authority of Cuba is coordinating a Project of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of America- Free Trade Agreement (ALBA-TCP aimed at developing a Regulatory Center that will operate as a new regional body of pharmaceutical integration for the ALBA

  7. Il costo del lavoro in Italia e nei paesi della CEE. (Labour cost in Italy and the E.E.C. countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. VANNUTELLI

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The European Community Statistical Institute (ECSI began conducting annual surveys of labour costs in 14 industrial sectors of the Community countries in 1959. The present article illustrates the principal results of the fourth survey that relates to 1962 and is now in course of publication. The analysis is confined to data regarding to labour cost shown as borne by the enterprises, and does not take account of studies made by ECSI of workers’ incomes in various countries. In particular, the author considers the data on the cost of labour in Italy. The data is brought up to date for 1963 and 1964 to show the changes that have taken place in Italy’s position with respect to previous years. While in the surveys tom 1959 and 1960 Italy was shown to have the lowest labour cost among Common Market countries, it now comes in first in the classification and has in almost every case registered a labour cost very near to the highest figure.JEL: E24, J30

  8. Educación en medios ante la brecha digital en los países del Sur Media Education Issues for Professionals and Citizens: Bridging the Divides in Countries of the South

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamal Eddine Naji

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Las tecnologías de la información y de la comunicación (TIC están imponiendo una reforma radical en el periodismo y la educación mediática pero sin una visión pedagógica participativa estratégica, el periodismo y la alfabetización mediática no trabajarán en beneficio del plan para una sociedad de la información democrática e incluyente. Por lo mismo, serán incapaces de reducir la brecha presente en todo el mundo entre capacitación y empleo; tampoco tendrán un impacto positivo en las políticas del gobierno y en los operadores de los medios, ni en las prácticas de profesionales y ciudadanos, particularmente en el ciberespacio. Los periodistas y los medios ocupan un lugar decisivo en la sociedad, están cara a cara con el estado, y demandan políticas públicas para introducir la educación en alfabetización mediática desde la escuela primaria. Los medios son una fuente de conocimiento, una herramienta de desarrollo, una matriz para la ciudadanía, un recurso para la construcción del ser social y de la paz. El objetivo final es la llegada de una sociedad de la información incluyente, y particularmente en los países del sur, su sólida ascensión de pende de una «emancipación periodística». Information and communication technologies (ICT are imposing a radical reform in journalism and media education. Without a strategic, participatory pedagogical vision, journalism and media literacy will not work to the advantage of the plan for a democratic and inclusive information society. By the same token, they will be unable to reduce the gap experienced world-wide between training and employment, nor will they have a positive impact on Government or media operators’ policies, nor on the practices of professionals and citizens, particularly in cyberspace. The media are a source of knowledge, a development tool, a citizenship matrix, a source for construction of the «social being» and peace. The ultimate issue is the advent of

  9. Factores asociados al desgaste profesional en los trabajadores del soporte vital básico del País Vasco: Un estudio cualitativo Factors associated with professional burnout among basic life support caregivers in the Basque Country: A qualitative research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sendoa Ballesteros Peña

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Identificar factores de riesgo de desgaste profesional percibidos por los técnicos en emergencias sanitarias de las unidades de soporte vital básico del País Vasco. Metodología: Investigación cualitativa realizada mediante análisis de discurso en ocho entrevistas individuales a trabajadores del soporte vital básico con puntuaciones compatibles con afectación por desgaste profesional en el Inventario de Burnout de Maslach. Las variables estructurales tenidas en cuenta para la elección de los participantes fueron la antigüedad profesional (superior o inferior a 10 años y el centro de trabajo. Resultados: Los trabajadores presentan disconformidad con la actual estructura organizacional del sistema de emergencias y falta de proyección y reconocimiento de su rol profesional. Además manifiestan un progresivo distanciamiento afectivo para con los pacientes, con quienes ha aumentado el número de enfrentamientos debidos a dificultades de entendimiento causadas por situaciones de inadecuación del uso de los recursos asistenciales. Conclusiones: La estructura de organización del sistema de emergencias, el trato con el paciente y su familia y la situación profesional del técnico en emergencias son percibidos como elementos clave predisponentes de desgaste profesional.Objective: To identify possible factors associated with professional burnout among basic life support caregivers in the Basque Country. Method: A qualitative research was performed. We conducted an analysis of the discus of eight interpretive individual interviews with caregivers in basic life support units who presented scores compatible with burnout on the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The selection of participants was intentional. Results: The data analysis found that ambulance personnel have disagreed with emergency system organizational structure and recognition of their professional role. They show a progressive emotional detachment to patients. An inadequate use

  10. L'uso pacifico dell'energia nucleare da Ginevra 1955 ad oggi : il caso italiano : atti del convegno

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    Energia e sviluppo (le fonti energetiche) ; l'Italia e l'opzione nucleare ; stato a prospettive delle tecnologie nucleari ; reattori nucleari di nuova generazione ; tecniche nucleari in biologia, medicina biochimica, agraria e beni culturali ; sicurezza e ambiente.

  11. The Aula EspaZio Gela and the Master of Space Science and Technology in the Universidad del País Vasco (University of the Basque Country)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Lavega, Agustín; Pérez-Hoyos, Santiago; Hueso, Ricardo; del Río-Gaztelurrutia, Teresa; Oleaga, Alberto

    2014-09-01

    We present the Aula EspaZio Gela, a facility dedicated to teaching Space Science and Technology at the master and doctorate level at the University of the Basque Country (Spain), and to promoting the development of this field in both public and private sectors. The one-year master's degree in Space Science and Technology (60 ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System)) offers a group of compulsory courses which give way afterwards to a set of elective matters in which students choose one of two tracks: the scientific, primarily oriented to basic research at the University, or the technological, leading to the space industry and space agencies. After completion of the master thesis, our students have direct access to a PhD in both curricular lines. Here we detail the main features of the master's degree and the experience acquired in three years, including a comparative opinion survey to the students. We also describe the facilities at the Faculty of Engineering consisting of a specific classroom (Aula EspaZio Gela), an Astronomical Observatory, and different laboratories.

  12. The present, past and future of the study of intellectual disability: challenges in developing countries Pasado, presente y futuro del estudio de la discapacidad intelectual: desafíos en los países en desarrollo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trevor R Parmenter

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available There is strong evidence that socio-cultural factors largely determine what is seen as competent behaviour. Within western high income countries, driven by the values of utilitarian individualism, the construct of intellectual disability has been largely determined to meet the needs of urban, industrialised societies. In contrast, competence in non-industrialised societies may be more reflected in collaborative, interpersonal problem solving skills such as those found among Nigerian students labelled as intellectually disabled. However, people who are judged to be incompetent or "obtrusive" in countries deficient in support services, are often neglected and consigned to a life in poorly managed segregated institutions, as is the case in China, Russia and some countries in Eastern Europe. Non western countries that have a long history of a globalised economy, such as Taiwan and Japan also remain committed to segregated institutional provisions for people with an intellectual disability, despite a notional acceptance of inclusionary policies enunciated by the United Nations’ Declarations and Conventions. In this paper is concluded that it must be recognised that the population of people with an intellectual disability, regardless of how the condition is defined and classified, is quite heterogeneous. Their needs are also varied and not at all dissimilar to those of the general population. As developing countries adopt western style consumer-driven economies, there is an extreme danger that they, too, will follow the same trajectory of exclusion and impose the culture of "otherness" for a group whose contribution to that society will be devalued. Good science is futile unless it benefits all peoples.Existe amplia evidencia de que los factores socioculturales determinan en gran medida la percepción de conducta competitiva. En los países occidentales de altos ingresos, dominados por los valores del individualismo utilitario, las necesidades de

  13. La spesa per le pensioni e il suo finanziamento: prospettive 1990 e 2000. (The pension expenditure in Italy and its financing: perspectives for 1990 and 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. FAUSTINI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La spesa per le pensioni in Italia tende a crescere ad un tasso superiore rispetto al PIL . Anche se questo è un fenomeno comune nei paesi con popolazione anziana , a causa di una serie di fattorinel caso specifio il fatto è di maggiore preoccupazione . Allee tendenze attuali si prevede di continuare nel corso dei prossimi due decenni , creando crescenti difficoltà per finanziare tali spese. Inoltre, nella persistenza di circostanze sfavorevoli la disponibilità delle risorse diminuirà , creando squilibri nella gestione della sicurezza sociale. Finora , le proposte che sono state avanzate per risolvere questo problema sono insufficienti . Il presente lavoro considera le questioni di base relative alla spesa pensionistica in Italia . L'autore esamina il modo per contenere una spesa che continua a crescere a un ritmo incontrollato e come trovare finanziamenti supplementari , sia per mezzo di aumenti dei tassi di contribuzione o aumenti della pressione fiscale .The expenditure for pensions in Italy tends to grow at a greater rate compared to GDP. Although this is a common phenomenon in countries with ageing populations, due to a number of factors it is of greater concern. Current trends are projected to continue throughout the next two decades, creating increasing difficulties for financing this expenditure. Moreover, in the persistence of unfavourable circumstances the availability of resources will decrease, thus creating imbalances in social security management. Thus far, the proposals that have been advanced to solve this problem are insufficient. The present work considers the basic issues related to Italy’s pension expenditure. The author examines how to contain an expense that continues to grow at an uncontrolled rate and how to find additional financing, whether through increases in contribution rates or increases in the tax burden.JEL: H55, H20

  14. Impacto de advertencias sanitarias del empaquetado de cigarros: un análisis comparativo en Brasil, Uruguay y México Assessing the impact of cigarette package health warning labels: a cross-country comparison in Brazil, Uruguay and Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James F Thrasher

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar el impacto de diferentes advertencias sanitarias (AS. Material y métodos. Se analizaron datos de la Encuesta Internacional para el Control del Tabaco (ITC Survey, un estudio de fumadores adultos en Brasil, Uruguay y México, tres países con distintas AS (con imágenes de sufrimiento humano y órganos enfermos; con imágenes abstractas del riesgo; mensajes de solo texto, respectivamente. Se analizó prominencia e impacto cognitivo de las AS. Resultados. Las AS de Uruguay (que era el único país con AS en la parte frontal del paquete tuvieron una mayor prominencia que en Brasil o México. En México, la gente que tenía un nivel de educación mayor eran mas propensos a leer mensajes de advertencia, mientras que educación no se asoció con prominencia en Brasil o Uruguay. Las AS de Brasil tuvieron un mayor impacto cognitivo y conductual que las AS de Uruguay o México. Las AS de Uruguay generaron un menor impacto cognitivo y conductual que las AS de sólo texto en México. En Brasil, los impactos cognitivos fueron los más fuertes entre fumadores con un bajo nivel educacional. Conclusiones. Este estudio sugiere que las AS tienen el mayor impacto cuando son prominentes (por ej. en el frente y la parte trasera del paquete e incluyen imágenes emocionalmente llamativas que muestran impactos negativos en el cuerpo o sufrimiento humano debido al fumar.Objective. To assess the impact of different health warning labels (HWL. Material and Methods. Data from the International Tobacco Control Survey (ITC Survey were analyzed from adult smokers in Brazil, Uruguay and Mexico, each of which used a different HWL strategy (pictures of human suffering and diseased organs; abstract pictorial representations of risk; and text-only messages, respectively. Main outcomes were HWL salience and cognitive impact. Results. HWLs in Uruguay (which was the only country with a HWL on the front of the package had higher salience than either Brazilian or

  15. Household appliance data collection and market survey in central and eastern european countries; Raccolta dati e analisi del mercato sugli apparecchi elettrodomestici nei paesi dell'Europa centrale e orientale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Presutto, M. [ENEA, Funzione Centrali Studi, Centro Ricerche Ispra, Vercelli (Italy); Ricci, A. [Istituto di Studi per l' Integrazione dei Sistemi, Rome (Italy); Meli, L. [ANIE, Federazione delle Imprese Elettrotecniche ed Elettroniche, International Affaires Direction, Milan (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    Since 1995 the European Commission, through the SAVE programme, and the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations, through the Energy Efficiency 2000 Project, jointly sponsored the so called SACHA projects in Central and Eastern European Countries regarding major household appliances. Consistently, the main objective of the projects was to analyse and interpret the situation of refrigerators, freezers and washing machines in seven CEEC, so as to increase the knowledge and understanding of the issues at stake in the area of energy efficiency and environmental friendliness, and therefore to identify possible scenarios of improvement. This paper describes the work accomplished and the results achieved in this context, focusing more on the data collection and market survey moments and illustrates, with an abundant series of exhibits, the quantitative picture resulting form the analyses carried out. Possibility exists for replication in Latin America, where ENEA and Italian experience could be fruitfully applied. Reliable and complete information is in fact one of the prerequisites to overcome potential barriers and facilitate a successful enforcement of any energy efficiency policy. Effective implementation and regional harmonisation are necessary, even if projects can facilitate the fulfilment of these goals as it provides a consolidated methodology and an integrated scheme for basic data collection and analysis. [Italian] A partire dal 1995 la Commissione Europea e la Commissione Economica per l'Europa delle Nazioni Unite hanno congiuntamente promosso lo studio dei piu' importanti apparecchi domestici nei paesi dell'Europa centrale ed orientale. Principale obiettivo di questi progetti, piu' noti come progetti con SACHA, dall'acronimo del titolo, era analizzare e soprattutto interpretare la situazione dei frigoriferi, congelatori e lavatrici in sette PECO, per migliorare da un lato la conoscenza e la comprensione delle problematiche

  16. Peces del Noroeste del Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Barriga, Ramiro

    1994-01-01

    La ictiofauna del occidente del Ecuador es poco conocida. Los peces del noroccidente son diferentes a los del suroccidente del Ecuador. 34 familias y 82 especies fueron colectadas que equivale al 11 % de las especies de peces continentales registradas en el Ecuador. Icteogeográficamente se sabe que la costa ecuatoriana posee dos provincias: la del Pacifico Norte y la del Guayas, se determinó que el límite de las dos provincias es el río Santiago ya que las especies del mencionado río so...

  17. Prospettive per il Run 2 ad LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Ciulli, Vitaliano

    2015-01-01

    With the approach of resumption of the activity of the Large Hadron Collider at the CERN, scheduled for the spring of 2015, the physicists of the ATLAS and CMS experiments are pondering the prospects that will be opened up by the increase of centre-of-mass energy from 8 to 13 TeV, after the discovery of the Higgs boson. However the results from Run 2 go, they will mark an important new chapter in the physics of fundamental interactions, making it possible to explore the region up to around 1 TeV of mass in the search for new particles that can explain dark matter and the other unresolved questions of the Standard Model.

  18. la carnitina nell'anziano:prospettive terapeutiche

    OpenAIRE

    Tsianaka, Christina

    2012-01-01

    Tra tutte le sostanze la cui concentrazione diminuisce nell invecchiamento, la carnitina riveste un ruolo di importanza fondamentale, data la sua funzione nella produzione di energia. La somministrazione esogena di L-carnitina ed L-acetil-carnitina può consentire la correzione delle funzioni immunologiche e il miglioramento delle funzioni energetiche. L-carnitina determina una riduzione della massa grassa, un aumento della massa muscolare ed inoltre agevola l attività fisica riducendo la fat...

  19. Il materialismo digitale. Approcci e prospettive mediologiche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TIRINO, MARIO

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Digital Materialism: Approaches and Perspectives in Media Studies This paper explores theoretical and methodological frameworks into the complex interdisciplinary field of Digital Materialism as media theory. From a starting point of the notion of “digital materiality”, as a core concept to develop an epistemological shift towards “material turn”, we aim to illustrate different approaches as new materialist paradigms, German media theory, Media Archaeology, Media ecologies, Software Studies and Marxist media theory. The so-called Digital Materialist Studies include a wide range of theories, which are sometimes in mutual opposition. However, overall these approaches help to re-evaluate the centrality of the material dimension of digital media in contemporary society. Finally, we indicate some possible theoretical evolutions of digital materialism. On the one hand, there are theories focused on highlighting the complexization and diversification of power relations through the study of some “lens” of digital materialities (Pötzsch 2017. On the other hand, we suggest the possibility of combining in a coherent theoretical framework the media archaeology studies of the Italian theorist Alberto Abruzzese in order to investigate the transition from old media to digital media by analyzing the material and symbolic conflicts that the media themselves incorporate.

  20. Squilibri finanziari, cambio del dollaro e politica monetaria internazionale. (Financial imbalances, the dollar exchange rate and international monetary policy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. TRIFFIN

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available L'aumento continuo e spettacolare del dollaro sul mercato globale dei cambi, nonostante l'altrettanto spettacolare disavanzo delle partite correnti della bilancia dei pagamenti, è una cosa che nessun economista avrebbe sognato . Tutti saranno d'accordo che la risposta al puzzle sta nel fatto che le operazioni in conto corrente costituiscono ormai solo una piccola parte dei movimenti valutari lordi,  dominata di fattop da movimenti di capitali. Ciò che deve essere spiegato  allora è l'enorme volume di capitale netto totale che finanzia il deficit. Il presente lavoro considera questo paradosso, il ruolo del dollaro nel sistema monetario mondiale e le prospettive a medio e lungo termine per il sistema finanziario mondiale.The continuous and spectacular rise of the dollar on the global foreign exchange market, despite the equally spectacular current account deficit of the U.S. balance of payments, is something that no economist would have dreamed to be possible. Everyone will agree that the answer to the puzzle lies in the fact that the transactions in the current account now constitute only a small part of the gross currency movements, in fact dominated by capital movements. What needs to be explained then is the sheer volume of the total net capital that finances the deficit. The present work considers this paradox, the dollar’s role in the world monetary system and medium and long-term perspectives for the world financial system.JEL: E52, F31, E42,

  1. Análisis de la volatilidad del índice principal del mercado bursátil mexicano, del índice de riesgo país y de la mezcla mexicana de exportación mediante un modelo GARCH trivariado asimétrico || Volatility Analysis of the Core Mexican Stock Market Index, the Country Risk Index, and the Mexican Oil Basket Using an Asymmetric Trivariate GARCH Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villalba Padilla, Fátima Irina

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Se parametriza de forma conjunta€€ la heteroscedasticidad condicional autorregresiva generalizada que corresponde al comportamiento de la varianza de tres variables: (a el índice de precios y cotizaciones (IPC, indicador principal del mercado bursátil mexicano, (b el emerging markets bond index para México (EMBI, como indicador de riesgo país y (c el precio de la canasta mexicana de tres crudos de exportación (MEZCLA. Las variables se emplean como estimadores de la tendencia de los precios de las acciones, los bonos y los energéticos, respectivamente, con el objetivo final de conformar un portafolio de inversión diversicado que incluya dichos activos. Se presentan los resultados empíricos de un modelo econométrico GARCH trivariado asimétrico. El modelo permite incorporar la covarianza entre las variables para explicar su interrelación y en la estimación se considera el efecto de los choques generados por las innovaciones positivas y negativas. El estudio contempla el periodo de 2002 a 2013. || We jointly parameterized the generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity that corresponds to the behavior of the variance of three variables: (a the core Mexican stock market index (IPC, (b the Emerging Markets Bond Index for Mexico (EMBI as country risk pointer and, (c the Mexican three oil basket exports mix (MEZCLA. The variables are used as trend indicators of stocks, bonds and energetics respectively with the ultimate goal of forming a diversified portfolio including such assets. This paper presents the empirical results of an asymmetric econometric trivariate GARCH model. The model incorporates the covariance between the variables in order to explain their relationship and we considered the shocks generated by positive and negative innovations. The study involves the period 2002- 2013.

  2. Llanto del adulto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alegría Majluf

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de un primer estudio transcultural del llanto del adulto que comprende 30 países, entre los que se encuentra el Perú. Vingerhoets et al. (1997 de la Universidad de Tilburg, Holanda, analizan las causas, tendencia y frecuencia del llanto, emociones y sentimientos que inducen al llanto, diferencias y similitudes entre los países y los sexos. Los autores encuentran que las mujeres tienden a llorar con más frecuencia e intensidad que los varones, advirtiendo que en algunos países las mujeres establecen mayor relación entre la tendencia al llanto y el ciclo menstrual que en otros. The results of a first cross-cultural study on adult crying in 30 countries including Peru are presented. Vingerhoets et al. (1997 from the University of Tilburg have analyzed motives, tendencies and frequency of crying, emotions and feelings that provoke crying, as well as differences and similarities among countries and sexes. Results show that women have a tendency to cry more frequently and intensively than men. It has also been noted that, in certain countries, there is a link between crying in women and their monthly period.

  3. Potencial del Agua del suelo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bustamante Heliodoro

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available La energía potencial del agua presenta diferencias de un punto del suelo a otro; esas diferencias son las que originan el movimiento del agua de acuerdo a la tendencia universal de la materia en el sentido de moverse de donde la energía potencial es mayor a donde dicha energía es menor. En el suelo el agua en consecuencia se mueve hacia donde su energía decrece hasta lograr su estado de equilibrio. Se desprende entonces que la cantidad de energía potencial absoluta contenida en el agua, no es importante por sí misma, sino por su relación con la energía en diferentes lugares dentro del suelo. El concepto Potencial de agua del suelo es un criterio para esta energía.

  4. Análisis de la problemática para la adquisición de los antirretrovirales VIH/SIDA en los países del Tercer Mundo Analysis of the problem to acquire HIV/AIDS antiretroviral drugs in the Third World countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel M. Collazo Herrera

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es exponer la problemática existente para la adquisición de los medicamentos antirretrovirales para el VIH/SIDA en el ámbito mundial, fundamentalmente la situación que confrontan los países en vías de desarrollo, que para poder obtener el acceso global al tratamiento tienen que invertir recursos económicos suficientes en la esfera de la salud, no disponibles actualmente en los países más pobres. Esto es motivado por los altos precios que tienen los antirretrovirales en el mercado internacional por parte las compañías transnacionales farmacéuticas, aspecto que repercute considerablemente en el incremento de los costos del tratamiento, y es uno de los principales obstáculos para su disposición en los países del Tercer Mundo. Ante el dramático panorama del VIH/SIDA a escala mundial, la comunidad internacional se ha pronunciado en favor de concretar diferentes acuerdos entre los productores de antirretrovirales y los gobiernos de los países en vías de desarrollo, para lograr una reducción importante en el costo del tratamiento antirretrovírico. También existen iniciativas locales de algunas naciones del mundo subdesarrollado, de producir nacionalmente estos fármacos, con el objetivo de garantizar sostenidamente el acceso global de los pacientes a esta terapia. Todos estos esfuerzos están encaminadas a un mismo propósito, disponer de la mayor cantidad de antirretrovirales en el arsenal terapéutico para el tratamiento del VIH/SIDA, así como buscar distintas vías para la adquisición de estos fármacos en condiciones económicas más favorables para los países más pobres del mundo, que las existentes actualmente en el mercado farmacéutico internacional, y de esta forma, posibilitar la obtención del beneficio en términos de salud para los pacientes, a un costo más razonable para las maltrechas economías de los países subdesarrollados.The objective of the present paper is to deal with

  5. Economic policies for tobacco control in developing countries Política económica para el control del tabaco en países en vías de desarrollo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Ross

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Raising tobacco taxes can have an income distributional impact on the population. Since lower socio-economic groups usually smoke more, they also contribute more to total cigarette tax collection. Thus, those who can afford it least contribute the most in terms of tobacco taxes. This means that tobacco taxes are regressive. However, tobacco tax increases are likely to be progressive, decreasing the relative tax incidence on the poor, vis-à-vis the rich. This is based on the premise that the poor are likely to be more sensitive to price changes, and would thus reduce their cigarette consumption by a greater percentage than the rich in response to an excise tax-induced increase in cigarette prices. Recent empirical studies confirm this hypothesis by demonstrating that the price responsiveness of cigarette demand increases with income. Research in China confirmed that reducing cigarette expenditures could release household resources for spending on food, housing, and other goods that improve living standards. Therefore, in the long run, tobacco control measures will reduce social inequality.Elevar impuestos al tabaco también puede provocar en la población un impacto de división. La recaudación de impuestos al tabaco se ha elevado desde que las personas de bajo nivel socio-económico fuman cada vez más y, de hecho, son los que más contribuyen al total de la recaudación. Esto significa que los impuestos son regresivos. Sin embargo, el impuesto al tabaco es probable que vaya en aumento, y con ello disminuiría la incidencia relativa de impuestos a la pobreza en relación con la riqueza. Esto se basa en la premisa de que la población de escasos recursos es más sensible a los cambios del precio del tabaco y, por tanto, reduciría su consumo, en comparación con lo que sucede en el porcentaje de la población de altos recursos respecto a un aumento del impuesto-inducido en el tabaco. Los estudios empíricos recientes confirman esta hipótesis y

  6. Potential cost-effectiveness of vaccination for rotavirus gastroenteritis in eight Latin American and Caribbean countries Efectividad potencial en función del costo de la vacunación contra la gastroenteritis por rotavirus en ocho países de América Latina y el Caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard D. Rheingans

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To estimate the costs, benefits and cost-effectiveness of vaccination for rotavirus gastroenteritis in eight Latin American and Caribbean countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, and Venezuela. METHODS: An economic model was constructed to estimate the cost-effectiveness of vaccination from the health care system perspective, using national administrative and published epidemiological evidence, country-specific cost estimates, and vaccine efficacy data. The model was applied to the first five years of life for the 2003 birth cohort in each country. The main health outcome was the disability-adjusted life year (DALY, and the main summary measure was the incremental cost per DALY averted. A 3% discount rate was used for all predicted costs and benefits. Sensitivity analyses evaluated the impact of uncertainty regarding key variables on cost-effectiveness estimates. RESULTS: According to the estimates obtained with the economic model, vaccination would prevent more than 65% of the medical visits, deaths, and treatment costs associated with rotavirus gastroenteritis in the eight countries analyzed here. At a cost of US$ 24 per course (for a two-dose vaccine, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio ranged from US$ 269/DALY in Honduras to US$ 10 656/DALY in Chile. Cost-effectiveness ratios were sensitive to assumptions about vaccine price, mortality, and vaccine efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: Vaccination would effectively reduce the disease burden and health care costs of rotavirus gastroenteritis in the Latin American and Caribbean countries analyzed here. From the health care system perspective, universal vaccination of infants is predicted to be cost-effective, based on current standards.OBJETIVOS: Estimar los costos, los beneficios y la efectividad en función del costo de la vacunación contra la gastroenteritis por rotavirus en ocho países de América Latina y el Caribe: Argentina, Brasil

  7. del alcoholismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Arias Duque

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde el punto de vista farmacológico, es importante comprender qué es el alcohol y cómo actúa en el organismo. No existe una causa simple, sino una interacción complicada de factores neuroquímicos, fisiológicos, psicológicos y sociales que originan y desarrollan esta grave enfermedad fármaco-dependiente. La acción psicofisiológica y farmacodinámica del alcohol es fundamentalmente depresiva, por la reducción de la transmisión sináptica en el sistema nervioso humano. Es un hecho conocido que el consumo excesivo de alcohol causa una disfunción aguda y crónica del cerebro, produciendo trastornos en el sistema nervioso central, presentando alteraciones en la memoria y en las funciones intelectuales como cálculo, comprensión y aprendizaje. A nivel hepático tiene lugar, en su mayoría, el metabolismo del alcohol, produciéndose un hígado graso alcohólico, aumentando el tamaño, terminando en necrosis e inflamación grave del hígado; esto se llama hepatitis alcohólica, y si se sigue consumiendo alcohol se desarrollará la cirrosis. El alcohol también ha estado relacionado con alteraciones del miocardio; se ha constatado en animales de experimentación sanos que tanto la velocidad de contracción del músculo cardiaco y su máxima tensión disminuyen en presencia del alcohol, como consecuencia, la fuerza de cada contracción y el aumento de presión en el ventrículo izquierdo son menores, perdiendo eficacia el corazón como bomba.

  8. Asturias Enlightenment: The Economic Society of Friends of the Country La ilustración en Asturias: la Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de los Ángeles FAYA DIAZ

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The Economic Society of Asturias was an instrument of enlightened reformism which should act in a region with severe economic backwardness. Born in 1780 at the initiative of Campomanes, it responds to Matritense model, focusing on economic development and popular education. Designed around the possibilities of development offered by the coal, was finally oriented to promote agricultural growth, according to the interests of the educated elite of Asturias, mainly composed by members of the nobility and clergy. The industrial promotion efforts were focused on the popular industry, centered in the linen, mining and metallurgical techniques, but it met with little success. Because of the existing poverty, the Society developed a new secular charity, while education was limited to a School of Drawing and four sewing schools for women. In short, the Society was unable to lead the region’s economic takeoff, which delayed still several decades.La Sociedad Económica de Asturias fue un instrumento del reformismo ilustrado que tuvo que actuar en una región con grave atraso económico. Nace en 1780 por iniciativa de Campomanes y responde al modelo de la Matritense, centrada en el desarrollo económico y la educación popular. Ideada en torno a las posibilidades que ofrecía el carbón, se termina orientando a impulsar el crecimiento agrario, acorde con los intereses de la élite ilustrada asturiana, integrada por miembros de la nobleza y del clero. Los esfuerzos para el fomento industrial en Asturias estuvieron centrados en la industria popular en torno al lino, así como a los sectores minero y metalúrgico, pronto fracasados. Dada la pobreza existente, la Sociedad desarrolló la nueva beneficencia laica, mientras que la enseñanza quedó limitada a una Escuela de Dibujo y cuatro escuelas de coser para mujeres. En definitiva, la Sociedad fue incapaz de vehicular el despegue económico de la región, que aún tardaría varias décadas.

  9. Culturas del Mundo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benwell, Ann Fenger; Costa, Alberto; Waehle, Espen

    2006-01-01

    ’Culturas del mundo. Colecciones del Museo Nacional de Dinamarca’ with Ann Fenger Benwell in Culturas del Mundo. Colecciones del Museo Nacional de Dinamarca, ed. Silvia Sauquet, Fundación "la Caixa", Barcelona 2006, pp. 31-39......’Culturas del mundo. Colecciones del Museo Nacional de Dinamarca’ with Ann Fenger Benwell in Culturas del Mundo. Colecciones del Museo Nacional de Dinamarca, ed. Silvia Sauquet, Fundación "la Caixa", Barcelona 2006, pp. 31-39...

  10. A comparative analysis of the changes in nursing practice related to health sector reform in five countries of the Americas Análisis comparativo de los cambios en la práctica de la enfermería relacionados con la reforma del sector de la salud en cinco países americanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edilma B. Guevara

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To identify changes in nursing practice and the nursing-practice environment that have occurred with implementation of health sector reform in five countries in the Americas. Methods. An exploratory study of selected settings in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, and the United States of America was conducted between 1997 and 1999 to collect narrative data from 125 professional nurses about their perceptions of nursing practice and changes in work environments. Descriptions of characteristics and trends in nursing practice in the study sites were also obtained. Results. Reorganization of health services has occurred in all five of the countries, responding to health sector reform initiatives and affecting nursing practice in each country. Respondents from all five countries mentioned an emphasis on private enterprise, changes in payment systems for patients and providers, redistributions in the nursing workforce, changes in the personnel mix and nursing-practice functions, work shifting from the hospital to the community, and greater emphasis on cost control and prevention in practice settings. Conclusions. The study provides initial information about current nursing issues that have arisen as a result of health care reform initiatives. Regardless of differences in service models or phases of health sector reform implementation, in all the countries the participating nurses identified many common themes, trends, and changes in nursing practice. The driving forces for change and their intensity have been different in the five countries. Nurses maintain their core values despite increased work stress and greater patient care needs in all the countries as well as economic crises in the Latin American countries.Objetivos. Identificar los cambios en la práctica de la enfermería y en el medio donde se ejerce que han tenido lugar con la puesta en marcha de la reforma del sector de la salud (RSS en cinco países americanos. M

  11. El campo neoliberal y su crisis. Agricultura, sociedad local y migraciones en la Europa del Sur. (The Neoliberal country and its crisis. Farming, local society and migrations in the Southern Europe.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gennaro Avallone

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo se basa en un estudio comparativo sobre las transformaciones estructurales en la agricultura de España, Italia y Grecia desde los años 80, a partir de un análisis de investigaciones realizadas sobre el tema y de datos procedentes de los organismos nacionales de estadística y de Eurostat. En el texto se analiza el papel de la agricultura en la organización de las áreas rurales, concentrándose en sus procesos de internacionalización y en las modalidades de gobierno del trabajo vivo, que es especialmente trabajo migrante. Se muestran las transformaciones producidas por la presencia migrante en interacción con las sociedades locales, concluyendo que las poblaciones autóctonas han desarrollado una actitud funcionalista hacia los inmigrantes, favoreciendo una regulación social y política que antepone los derechos y los intereses de los locales a los de los extranjeros. Finalmente, se señala la crisis de esta forma de regulación, que se manifiesta en las relaciones conflictivas que los trabajadores inmigrantes viven con las explotaciones y las poblaciones locales en muchas áreas agrícolas. The paper is based on a comparative review of a part of social researches about the social and neoliberal transformation in the farming of Spain, Italy and Greece since the 1980s and on an analysis of statistical data. The paper analyzes the role of agriculture in the organization of the rural areas, highlighting its processes of internationalization and the management of the living labor, that mainly is migrant labor. It draws attention to transformations produced by migrant presence in interaction with the local societies, recognizing that local populations have developed a functional attitude towards immigrants, favoring a social and political regulation that put first rights and interests of native inhabitants. The paper finally signals the crisis of this way of regulation, that is manifested by the conflictual relationship between

  12. Processes of planning and management control application to ENEA context; Metodologie di pianificazione e controllo di gestione tradizionali ed innovative a confronto. Prospettive di applicazione in un ente complesso: l'ENEA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palasciano, G. [Bari Univ., Bari (Italy). Facolta' di Economia; Di Marco, R. A. [ENEA, Sede Centrale, Rome (Italy). Funzione Centrale Informatica; Leone, M.E.

    1999-07-01

    sconvolgono il mondo della produzione; dai nuovi mercati che si evolvono in tempi rapidissimi, da una competizione globale. Come conseguenza di cio', il processo di pianificazione e controllo di gestione deve supportare il decision maker e fornirgli informazioni di tipo strategico (non solo contabile). Oltre alle imprese aventi natura privatistica, gli Enti statali e parastatali (primo fra tutti l'ENEA, soggetto di questa tesi di laurea) hanno percepito il bisogno di migliorare se stessi e di adeguare i loro sistemi di controllo gestionale alle nuove esigenze. Ma non si tratta solo di un bisogno: si tratta anche di un obbligo giuridico. Infatti, dal 1990 molte leggi in materia sono state emanate. Esse hanno imposto la riforma sia del controllo finanziario che di quello gestionale e la re-ingegnerizzazione del sistema di contabilita' tecnica. Questa tesi di laurea, svolta in collaborazione tra l'ENEA e l'Universita' degli Studi di Bari, e' divisa in due parti. La prima concerne una trattazione teorica dell'argomento ed evidenzia i problemi riscontrati nel processo di pianificazione e controllo gestionale delle imprese private, suggerendone alcune soluzioni. Nella seconda parte c'e' una applicazione pratica nella quale le nuove tecniche di pianificazione e controllo di gestione sono applicate al contesto dell'ENEA, giungendo ad una revisione dello schema di bilancio, come previsto dalla legge 94/97.

  13. Processes of planning and management control application to ENEA context; Metodologie di pianificazione e controllo di gestione tradizionali ed innovative a confronto. Prospettive di applicazione in un ente complesso: l'ENEA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palasciano, G [Bari Univ., Bari (Italy). Facolta' di Economia; Di Marco, R A [ENEA, Sede Centrale, Rome (Italy). Funzione Centrale Informatica; Leone, M E

    1999-07-01

    produzione; dai nuovi mercati che si evolvono in tempi rapidissimi, da una competizione globale. Come conseguenza di cio', il processo di pianificazione e controllo di gestione deve supportare il decision maker e fornirgli informazioni di tipo strategico (non solo contabile). Oltre alle imprese aventi natura privatistica, gli Enti statali e parastatali (primo fra tutti l'ENEA, soggetto di questa tesi di laurea) hanno percepito il bisogno di migliorare se stessi e di adeguare i loro sistemi di controllo gestionale alle nuove esigenze. Ma non si tratta solo di un bisogno: si tratta anche di un obbligo giuridico. Infatti, dal 1990 molte leggi in materia sono state emanate. Esse hanno imposto la riforma sia del controllo finanziario che di quello gestionale e la re-ingegnerizzazione del sistema di contabilita' tecnica. Questa tesi di laurea, svolta in collaborazione tra l'ENEA e l'Universita' degli Studi di Bari, e' divisa in due parti. La prima concerne una trattazione teorica dell'argomento ed evidenzia i problemi riscontrati nel processo di pianificazione e controllo gestionale delle imprese private, suggerendone alcune soluzioni. Nella seconda parte c'e' una applicazione pratica nella quale le nuove tecniche di pianificazione e controllo di gestione sono applicate al contesto dell'ENEA, giungendo ad una revisione dello schema di bilancio, come previsto dalla legge 94/97.

  14. Investigación en salud pública: ¿hay diferencias entre los países del norte, el sur y el este de Europa? Una perspectiva desde las asociaciones nacionales de salud pública Public health research: are there differences among northern, southern and eastern European countries? A perspective from national associations of public health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe La Torre

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La investigación aporta la salud pública la importante base de la evidencia científica. Nuestro objetivo fue comparar el actual apoyo de investigación en salud pública en los países europeos. Métodos: En el marco del estudio colaborativo SPHERE (Strengthening Public Health Research in Europe se desarrolló un cuestionario vía correo electrónico que fue enviado a 93 representantes de las asociaciones nacionales miembros de la Asociación Europea de Salud Pública. Se compararon las respuestas en tres macroáreas: norte, sur y este de Europa. Resultados: Se obtuvo respuesta de 23 de los 39 países europeos (tasa de respuesta por países: 56%. Las prioridades nacionales actuales fueron: servicios de salud y seguridad del paciente en el norte de Europa; enfermedades infecciosas, servicios de salud y enfermedad cardiovascular en el sur de Europa; y seguridad alimentaria y nutrición, salud medioambiental y ocupacional en los países del este de Europa. Los encuestados dieron menos prioridad a la investigación internacional. En el norte, las prioridades enfatizadas fueron la promoción de la salud, la prevención y la educación (26,3%, junto con los accidentes y los hábitos alcohólicos (26,3%. Conclusión: El apoyo para la investigación en salud pública difiere en los países europeos, y el no disponer de unas buenas infraestructuras y de personal suficiente fueron barreras para llevar a cabo mejor investigación. Las asociaciones de salud pública nacionales y las autoridades sanitarias deberían cooperar para encontrar respuestas efectivas a problemas comunes.Introduction: Research provides the important evidence base for public health practice. We sought to compare the current support for public health research within European countries. Methods: Within a collaborative study SPHERE (Strengthening Public Health Research in Europe, we developed an e-mail questionnaire and sent it to 93 representatives of national member

  15. Dimensions of child punishment in two Central American countries: Guatemala and El Salvador Dimensiones del castigo infantil en dos países de América Central: Guatemala y El Salvador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilene S. Speizer

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Severe physical punishment of children is an important issue in international child health and welfare. This study examines such punishment in Guatemala and El Salvador. METHODS: Data came from nationally representative surveys of women aged 15-49 and men aged 15-59 residing in Guatemala (2002 and El Salvador (2002-2003. The surveys included questions about punishment experienced during childhood, with response options ranging from verbal scolding to beating. In Guatemala, parents were asked how they disciplined their children; questions allowed them to compare how they were punished in their childhood with how they punished their own children. Bivariate and multivariate analyses are presented. RESULTS: In Guatemala, 35% of women and 46% of men reported being beaten as punishment in childhood; in El Salvador, the figures were 42% and 62%, respectively. In both countries, older participants were relatively more likely than younger participants to have been beaten as children. Witnessing familial violence was associated with an increased risk of being beaten in childhood. In Guatemala, having experienced physical punishment as a child increased the chance that parents would use physical punishment on their own children. Multivariate analyses revealed that women who were beaten in childhood were significantly more likely in both countries to be in a violent relationship. CONCLUSIONS: The use of beating to physically punish children is a common problem in Guatemala and El Salvador, with generational and intergenerational effects. Its negative and lingering effects necessitate the introduction of policies and programs to decrease this behavior.OBJETIVOS: El castigo físico severo de niños es un tema importante de la salud y el bienestar infantil en el mundo. En el presente estudio se analiza este tipo de castigo en Guatemala y El Salvador. MÉTODOS: Se tomaron los datos de encuestas representativas nacionales realizadas a mujeres de 14 a

  16. Building country image process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zubović Jovan

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The same branding principles are used for countries as they are used for the products, only the methods are different. Countries are competing among themselves in tourism, foreign investments and exports. Country turnover is at the level that the country's reputation is. The countries that begin as unknown or with a bad image will have limits in operations or they will be marginalized. As a result they will be at the bottom of the international influence scale. On the other hand, countries with a good image, like Germany (despite two world wars will have their products covered with a special "aura".

  17. The first safe country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raffaela Puggioni

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The Dublin II Regulation makes the first safe country of refuge solelyresponsible for refugees and asylum seekers. In the case of Italy, thefirst responsible country has not been acting responsibly.

  18. Control of type 2 diabetes mellitus among general practitioners in private practice in nine countries of Latin America Control de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 por médicos generales del sector privado en nueve países de América Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Lopez Stewart

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To better understand how diabetes care and control are being administered by general practitioners/nonspecialists in private practice in nine countries of Latin America, and to identify the most significant patient- and physician-related barriers to care. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional, epidemiological survey was conducted in nine countries in Latin America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela. General practitioners in private practice were asked to provide care and control data for patients 18 to 75 years of age with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM, including demographics, medical and medication history, laboratory exams, and information on the challenges of patient management. RESULTS: Of the 3 592 patient questionnaires returned by 377 physicians, 60% of the patients had a family history of diabetes, 58% followed a poor diet, 71% were sedentary, and 79% were obese or overweight. Poor glycemic control (fasting blood glucose > 110 mg/dL was observed in 78% of patients. The number of patients with HbA1c 15 years. Considering the differences between private and public health care in Latin America, especially regarding the quality of care and access to medication, further studies are called for in the public setting. Overall, a more efficient and intensive program of T2DM control is required, including effective patient education programs, adjusted to the realities of Latin America.OBJETIVOS: Comprender mejor cómo los médicos generales/no especialistas del sector privado atienden y controlan la diabetes en nueve países de América Latina e identificar los principales problemas relacionados con el paciente y el médico, que obstaculizan la atención. MÉTODOS:Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico, multicéntrico, transversal, en nueve países de América Latina: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, México, Perú y Venezuela. Se pidió a los m

  19. Il dono del racconto

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Polito, Paola

    1998-01-01

    L'articolo indaga a vari livelli strutturali del romanzo "Il coraggio del pettirosso" (rete metaforica, dialogismo diegetico, dialogismo come fenomeno di voce, strategie discorsive messe in atto dalla voce narrante, stile colloquiale) la complessa realizzazione testuale del genere narrativo...

  20. Radiotherapy in small countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Michael B; Zubizarreta, Eduardo H; Polo Rubio, J Alfredo

    2017-10-01

    To examine the availability of radiotherapy in small countries. A small country was defined as a country with a population less than one million persons. The economic status of each country was defined using the World Bank Classification. The number of cancers in each country was obtained from GLOBOCAN 2012. The number of cancer cases with an indication or radiotherapy was calculated using the CCORE model. There were 41 countries with a population of under 1 million; 15 were classified as High Income, 15 Upper Middle Income, 10 Lower Middle Income and one Low Income. 28 countries were islands. Populations ranged from 799 (Holy See) to 886450 (Fiji) and the total number of cancer cases occurring in small countries was 21,043 (range by country from 4 to 2476). Overall the total number of radiotherapy cases in small countries was 10982 (range by country from 2 to 1239). Radiotherapy was available in all HIC islands with 80 or more new cases of cancer in 2012 but was not available in any LMIC island. Fiji was the only LMIC island with a large radiotherapy caseload. Similar caseloads in non-island LMIC all had radiotherapy services. Most non-island HIC did not have radiotherapy services presumably because of the easy access to radiotherapy in neighbouring countries. There are no radiotherapy services in any LMIC islands. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  1. Reproducibilidad del diagnóstico histopatológico de lesiones precursoras del carcinoma gástrico en tres países latinoamericanos Reproducibility of histopathologic diagnosis of precursor lesions of gastric carcinoma in three Latin American countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Kasamatsu

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar la concordancia en el diagnóstico de lesiones precursoras del carcinoma gástrico de tipo intestinal entre observadores con diferente experiencia. Material y métodos. Se estudiaron 1 056 casos de biopsias gástricas: 341 de Colombia, 382 de México y 333 de Paraguay. En el diagnóstico de cada caso participaron patólogos sin experiencia en patología gastrointestinal (A, patólogos con experiencia en patología gastrointestinal (B y expertos que trabajan en un centro de referencia internacional (C. Resultados. La concordancia (k entre patólogos inexpertos y expertos fue pobre en el diagnóstico de gastritis atrófica (k=0.04 a 0.12 y displasia (k=0.11 a 0.05 y buena en el diagnóstico de metaplasia intestinal (k=0.52 a 0.58; la supervisión de un patólogo inexperto por un experto mejoró notablemente la concordancia en el diagnóstico de gastritis atrófica (k=0.65 y metaplasia intestinal (k=0.91 y, en un menor grado, de displasia (k=0.28. Al comparar la concordancia entre expertos antes y después de la reunión de consenso no hubo variación en el diagnóstico de gastritis atrófica (k=0.57; la concordancia varió de buena a excelente en el de metaplasia intestinal (k=0.67 a 0.81 y de pobre a buena en el de displasia (k=0.18 a 0.66. Conclusión. Los principales problemas se presentan en el diagnóstico de la gastritis crónica atrófica y la displasia. La concordancia interobservador depende de la experiencia del observador y la lectura de consenso.Objective. The aim was to evaluate the concordance in the diagnosis of precursor lesions of intestinal-type gastric carcinoma among observers with different levels of experience. Material and Methods. Gastric biopsies from 1 056 cases were studied: 341 from Colombia, 382 from Mexico, and 333 from Paraguay. Pathologists without experience (A and with experience (B in gastrointestinal pathology, as well as experts working in an international reference center (C participated in

  2. del cambio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Canales

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza las propuestas y los compromisos en materia de cobertura y de financiamiento en el periodo 2000-2006. En particular, revisa las modificaciones y los ajustes de los tres principales documentos en los que se expresaron las iniciativas: el de la Asociación Nacional de Universidades e Instituciones de Educación Superior, el del equipo de la transición y el programa sectorial. Los resultados muestran que las cifras de atención a la demanda educativa e inversión quedaron lejos de las metas autoimpuestas por el gobierno federal y que será necesario realizar mayores esfuerzos para atender tales desafíos.

  3. Country Presentation Uganda

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oriada, R.; Byakagaba, A.; Kiza, M.; Magembe, M.

    2010-01-01

    Like Many African countries, Uganda is not Immune to the problem of illicit trafficking of Nuclear and Radioactive materials. This has been worsened by the porosity of the Ugandan Borders. There is control on the few Entry points and much of the border line does not have adequate control on what enters and leaves the country. Uganda is also used as a transit route with the neighboring countries like Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya,Tanzania.

  4. La superaci??n del modelo del ??ngel del hogar:

    OpenAIRE

    Hurtado Mu??oz, M??nica

    2012-01-01

    La Tesis Doctoral titulada "La superaci??n del modelo del "??ngel del hogar". Recuperaci??n de la escritora Leonor Canalejas y Fustegueras (1869-1945)" aborda, en primer lugar, un an??lisis sociol??gico de las circunstancias que rodearon a la mujer espa??ola en el cambio de siglo en el ??mbito social y educativo, en un intento de esclarecer las caracter??sticas propias del contexto en el que la mujer accede a la intelectualidad en general y a la literatura en particular. Esta parte concluye q...

  5. El impacto del desarrollo de habilidades para la competitividad: Evidencia empírica de una comparación entre países The Impact of Skills Development on Competitiveness: Empirical Evidence from a Cross-Country Analysis O impacto do desenvolvimento de habilidades para a competitividade: evidência empírica de um estudo comparado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eldah Nyamoita Onsomu

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available En el último medio siglo, la mayoría de los países enfatizaron el desarrollo del capital humano como un instrumento para el crecimiento económico, el desarrollo sustentable y la mejora de la competitividad global. Sin embargo, existen pruebas limitadas sobre la relación entre el desarrollo de capacidades y la competitividad de un país. Este artículo examina la contribución y la asociación de habilidades para la competitividad de un país. Este estudio utiliza datos de 84 países en la estimación de un modelo empírico. La disponibilidad de habilidades, la inversión extranjera directa, la educación secundaria y técnica (ingeniería, la educación y la formación contribuyen de manera significativa a la competitividad de un país en un mundo con tecnología cambiante y exigente. Esta dinámica requiere la institucionalización de altos niveles de desarrollo de competencias técnicas y programas de capacitación laboral en empresas que proporcionen formación específica y general a los empleados. Este trabajo recomienda aumentar la participación de la educación secundaria, cursos de orientación técnica en la educación superior y programas que fomenten la transferencia de competencias de las empresas extranjeras. La inversión extranjera directa, sin embargo, requiere un entorno propicio para la inversión. Aumento de la colaboración entre instituciones de enseñanza superior y la industria es crucial para el desarrollo de mejoramiento de la capacitación del personal.

    In the past half-century, most countries have emphasized the development of human capital as an instrument for economic growth, sustainable development, and improved global competitiveness. However, limited evidence exists on the link between skills development and a country's competitiveness. This paper examines the contribution and association of skills to a country's competitiveness. The study uses panel data from 84

  6. A presença de imigrantes de países do Cone Sul no Brasil: medidas e reflexões La presencia de inmigrantes de países del Cono Sur en Brasil: medidas y reflexiones The presence of immigrants from Southern-Cone countries to Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Adriana Sala

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo são estimados os saldos migratórios dos nascidos na Argentina, Bolívia, Chile, Paraguai e Uruguai, correspondentes às décadas de 80 e 90 para o total do Brasil e para os estados brasileiros que concentravam maior proporção de pessoas provenientes dos países mencionados. Também são analisados alguns fatores que poderiam ter incidido nas mudanças do volume e da composição da população imigrante do Cone Sul, entre 1980 e 2000.En este artículo son estimados los saldos migratorios de los nacidos en Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay, correspondientes a las décadas de los ochenta y noventa en Brasil, como un todo, y en los estados brasileños que concentraban mayor proporción de personas provenientes de los países mencionados. También son analizados algunos factores que podrían haber incidido en los cambios en el volumen y en la composición de la población inmigrante del Cono Sur, entre 1980 y 2000.This article estimates migratory balances of persons born in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay in the 1980s and 1990s and who migrated to Brazil. Statistics were developed for Brazil as a whole and for the Brazilian states that have the highest proportions of populations of these immigrants. Factors that may have affected the changes in volume and composition shown by immigrants from Southern Cone countries between 1980 and 2000 are also analyzed.

  7. Day Care: Other Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hjartarson, Freida; And Others

    This collection of 5 bilingual papers on day care programs in foreign countries (China, the Soviet Union, and 3 Scandinavian countries) is part of a series of papers on various aspects of day care published by the Canadian Department of Health and Welfare. Each paper is presented in both English and French. Paper I considers day care services in…

  8. Country Profiles, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marzuki, Ariffin Bin; Peng, J. Y.

    A profile of Malaysia is sketched in this paper. Emphasis is placed on the nature, scope, and accomplishments of population activities in the country. Topics and sub-topics include: location and description of the country; population (size, growth patterns, age structure, urban/rural distribution, ethnic and religious composition, migration,…

  9. Serbia : Systematic Country Diagnostic

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank Group

    2015-01-01

    This Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD) aims to identify the major constraints on and opportunities for sustaining poverty reduction and shared prosperity in Serbia. The SCD serves as the analytic foundation on which the World Bank Group and the Government of Serbia will define a new Country Partnership Framework for FY2016 to FY2020. It is based on the best possible analysis, drawing on ...

  10. Telemedicine for Developing Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combi, Carlo; Pozzani, Gabriele

    2016-01-01

    Summary Background Developing countries need telemedicine applications that help in many situations, when physicians are a small number with respect to the population, when specialized physicians are not available, when patients and physicians in rural villages need assistance in the delivery of health care. Moreover, the requirements of telemedicine applications for developing countries are somewhat more demanding than for developed countries. Indeed, further social, organizational, and technical aspects need to be considered for successful telemedicine applications in developing countries. Objective We consider all the major projects in telemedicine, devoted to developing countries, as described by the proper scientific literature. On the basis of such literature, we want to define a specific taxonomy that allows a proper classification and a fast overview of telemedicine projects in developing countries. Moreover, by considering both the literature and some recent direct experiences, we want to complete such overview by discussing some design issues to be taken into consideration when developing telemedicine software systems. Methods We considered and reviewed the major conferences and journals in depth, and looked for reports on the telemedicine projects. Results We provide the reader with a survey of the main projects and systems, from which we derived a taxonomy of features of telemedicine systems for developing countries. We also propose and discuss some classification criteria for design issues, based on the lessons learned in this research area. Conclusions We highlight some challenges and recommendations to be considered when designing a telemedicine system for developing countries. PMID:27803948

  11. ERAWATCH Country Reports 2012

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grimpe, Christoph

    between the national priorities and the structural challenges, highlighting the latest developments, their dynamics and impact in the overall national context. They further analyse and assess the ability of the policy mix in place to consistently and efficiently tackle these challenges. These reports were......This analytical country report is one of a series of annual ERAWATCH reports produced for EU Member States and Countries Associated to the Seventh Framework Programme for Research of the European Union (FP7). The main objective of the ERAWATCH Annual Country Reports is to characterise and assess...... the performance of national research systems and related policies in a structured manner that is comparable across countries. The Country Report 2012 builds on and updates the 2011 edition. The report identifies the structural challenges of the national research and innovation system and assesses the match...

  12. Camere aeree oblique: sistemi, applicazioni e prospettive future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Remondino

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The use of oblique imagery has become a standard for many civil and mapping applications, thanks to the development of airborne digital multi-camera systems, as proposed by many companies. The indisputable virtue of oblique photography lies in its simplicity of interpretation and understanding for inexperienced users allowing their use of oblique images in very different applications, such as building detection and reconstruction, building structural damage classification, road land updating and administration services, etc. We report an overview of the actual oblique commercial systems and the workflow for the automated orientation and dense matching of large image blocks. Perspectives, potentialities, pitfalls and suggestions for achieving satisfactory results are given too.

  13. Sulle modernità multiple: origini, problemi, prospettive teoriche

    OpenAIRE

    Cotesta, Vittorio

    2016-01-01

    In the first part of the paper M. Weber’s standpoint will be analyzed. Through the distinction between forms of rationality and rationalization the concept of modernity will be reconstructed. M. Weber formulates the concept of modernity and of Western civilization by investigating how, in Chinese, Indian and European civilizations, the problem of the philosophical and theological justification of human sufferance, perceived as unjust, is solved. Modernity, according to Weber, combines various...

  14. Nuove prospettive storiografiche sulla Grande guerra: violenze, traumi, esperienze

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Bizzocchi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Il testo propone, attraverso l’analisi delle recensioni pubblicate sulla rivista internazionale “First World War Studies”, una rassegna su alcuni recenti studi storici sulla Prima guerra mondiale. Dopo la svolta degli anni Settanta-Ottanta, la storiografia sta continuando ad approfondire in particolare il tema dei risvolti sociali e culturali della Grande guerra.

  15. La riproduzione nei rettili: nuove prospettive e sviluppi futuri

    OpenAIRE

    Pelizzone, Igor

    2016-01-01

    L’allevamento in cattività dei rettili è in costante crescita negli ultimi anni e richiede conoscenze mediche sempre più specialistiche per far fronte ai numerosi problemi legati a questi animali. Il corretto approccio medico prevede una profonda conoscenza delle specie prese in esame dal momento che la maggior parte delle problematiche riproduttive di questi animali sono legate ad una non corretta gestione dei riproduttori. L’apparato riproduttore dei rettili è estremamente vario a ...

  16. Country branding: an imperative for developing countries | Akotia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Clarifying what a country brand and country branding encompasses, this paper examines the competitive advantage a country brand engenders for developing countries. Furthermore, emphasising country branding as a social construction, this paper argues that for developing countries entrenched in the poverty cycle there ...

  17. Para aprender del pasado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esquivel Valverde, Lidier

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available Este texto reflexiona sobre la importancia de reconocer el valor que tiene el conocimiento de los eventos del pasado, como fuentes importantes de lecciones aprendidas. Inicia presentando ejemplos de sucesos históricos en Japón y cómo estos han sido utilizados de forma positiva en los procesos de educación en niños y adultos. Posteriormente presenta la realidad de Costa Rica, donde a nivel de la población existe un desconocimiento de hechos históricos sobre el tema, al propiciarse su olvido u ocultamiento. Finalmente, los autores exponen sobre un programa del Área de Prevención de la Comisión Nacional de Prevención de Riesgos y Atención de Emergencias, quienes se han dedicado de distribuir reseñas históricas breves de los principales eventos en el país This text reflects about the importance of recognizing the value of knowing past events as important sources for lessons learned. It starts including examples of historical events in Japan and how they have been used positively in the educational processes for children and adults. Lately, it includes the reality in Costa Rica. The population does not know about historical events on the topic because they have been forgotten or not shared. Finally, the authors refer to a program of the Prevention Area of the National Commission of Risk Prevention and Emergency Response that has dedicated to distribute brief historical reviews about the main events in the country

  18. Survey of Ergonomics Databases in Member Countries of the International Ergonomics Association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-07-01

    6 China 2 Ireland 1 Japan 3 13 countries 4Luxembourg 1 30 respondents Netherlands 1 South Africa 1 Switzerland 2 Thailand 1 Uruguay 1 *Some British...Biological Engineering and Computing World Textile Abstracts Medicina del Lavoro Medicina y Segundad del Trabajo Zeitschrift fi~r Arbeituwisenchaft Mens en

  19. European countries in transition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gautier, Celia; Pescia, Dimitri; Ferreira, Francisco; Antunes, Rita; Claustre, Raphael; Priesner, Goerg C.; Pidous, Blandine; Dufour, Manon; Zuloaga, Francisco

    2014-01-01

    From the Atlantic Ocean to the Baltic Sea, from Portugal to Poland through UK, Germany or Austria, energy transition is in progress everywhere in Europe, but at different rhythms and in various conditions from one country to the other. How does the European framework promote the energy transition at the local and regional scales? What advantages the most advanced countries are relying on? How do citizens and local projects take over slow or retrograde governmental policies? This dossier gives some elements of answer through an overview of some energy policy scenarios under implementation in some European countries (Germany, Portugal, Denmark, Austria, UK, Spain)

  20. Evolución del comercio exterior del vino del campo de Cariñena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Concepción Estella Álvarez

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se exponen las vicisitudes por las que ha atravesado el vino de Cariñena para su comercialización desde el siglo pasado. Comienza con el éxito y los altos precios del vino conseguidos por la demanda francesa, tras la invasión filoxérica del país vecino, favorecidos también por la inauguración del ferrocarril de vía estrecha Zaragoza-Cariñena y seguidos de la crisis de superproducción y consiguiente descenso de los precios tras finalizar el Tratado de Comercio con Francia. Luego se explica la lenta recuperación a lo largo de este siglo, se facilitan las cantidades exportadas en el último cuarto del mismo, para analizar de forma más exhaustiva la situación del mercado exterior en la actualidad, donde el comercio europeo ha vuelto a ser el más importante y de modo especial el de la Unión Europea.In this article the different mishaps that the Cariñena wine has undergone to be commercialized since the last century are shown. The study begins with the success and the high price of the wine, due to the French demand, after the phylloxera invasión in the neighbouring country, also favoured by the opening of the narrow-gauge railway Zaragoza-Cariñena, and followed by the superproduction crises and the subsequent fall of the prices after the end of the Commercial Treaty with France. Afterwards, we explain the slow recovery along this century, giving the exported quantities in the last quarter of the century, and then analyzing more thoroughiy the situation of the foreign market nowadays, since the European trade has regained importance, specially the one in the European Union.

  1. Gestão do Capital Humano: comparação na localização de software de gestão do capital humano entre os países Brasil, Argentina e MéxicoHuman Capital Management: comparison in the location of softwares of human capital management among the countries Brazil, Argentina and MexicoGestión del Capital Humano: una comparación entre Brasil, Argentina y México con respecto a la localización del software de gestión del capital humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DIAS, Dilson

    2009-12-01

    analysis of the results showed that it was possible to identify which are the areas of performance of higher adhesion in these countries, and mainly which is the information of greater and minor adhesion for the localization of Brazilian software. The use percentage of current software of human resources, as well as the presentation of the most indicated in the research software, complements the analysis of the results. Finally, it was concluded that is possible to bring to reality the integrated management of all organizational information among others countries, mainly with Argentina, Mexico and Brazil.RESUMENEn el área de administración de personal de las organizaciones se inició un proceso que hoy es el centro de las inversiones en busca de la competitividad de mercado, tan disputada en tiempos de intensa globalización: la gestión del capital humano. Desde hace algún tiempo, las organizaciones comprendieron que para tener competitividad, el factor diferencial no está en lo que se produce, sino en las personas que hacen realidad este proceso. Como actualmente se vive en la era del conocimiento, los softwares de gestión del capital humano llegaron para potenciar la gestión de los recursos humanos, haciendo más ágil el proceso de difusión. Esta investigación tuvo por finalidad comparar las principales informaciones pertinentes al área de administración de personal entre Brasil, Argentina y México, para la localización de un software de gestión de capital humano y de esta forma inspirar a otros investigadores, a que exploren este tema en otras áreas de la Administración. En esta investigación se utilizó el método comparativo. En cuanto a los objetivos puede clasificarse como descriptiva y exploratoria; en cuanto a los procedimientos puede clasificarse como bibliográfica y documental y en cuanto al enfoque del problema, puede clasificarse como cuantitativa y cualitativa. Se aplicaron cuestionarios estructurados en empresas de Argentina y México, y

  2. Public opinion: Country comparisons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopkins, Debbie

    2015-11-01

    Climate change awareness, risk perception and policy support vary between and within countries. National-scale comparisons can help to explain this variability and be used to develop targeted interventions.

  3. Investment in Developing Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motooka, Takeshi

    1973-01-01

    The fundamental problems of investment in rural education in the present developing countries are analyzed. Needs of rural education are outlined and financial considerations related to investment in the improvement of rural educational programs are discussed. (SM)

  4. Mauritius country study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manraj, D D [Central Statistical Office (Mauritius)

    1998-10-01

    Mauritius has no known oil, gas or coal reserves but is only endowed with limited renewable energy resources namely hydropower and bagasse. Bagasse represents about one third of the country`s energy requirements and meets almost all of the sugar industries energy demand. Projects identified for mitigation options are: Energy Sector - Renewable Sources (Solar, Wind, Biomass); Transport Sector - Fuel switching and Mass transit transport; Manufacturing Sector - Increase efficiency of energy use in the manufacturing process. (EG)

  5. Inequality in OECD countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thévenot, Celine

    2017-08-01

    This article recalls the state of play of inequality levels and trends in OECD countries, with a special focus on Nordic countries. It sheds light on explaining the drivers of the rise in inequality and its economic consequences. It addresses in particular the issue of redistribution through taxes and transfers. It concludes with an overview of policy packages that should be considered to address the issue of rising inequalities.

  6. Acerca del moho

    Science.gov (United States)

    El moho forma parte del medio ambiente natural. Afuera del hogar, el moho juega un papel en la naturaleza al desintegrar materias organicas tales como las hojas que se han caido o los arboles muertos. El moho puede crecer adentro del hogar cuando las espor

  7. Del bit al qubit

    OpenAIRE

    Torras Font, Josep

    2011-01-01

    Aquest document pretén donar una visió del desenvolupament dels computadors electrònics i dels components que els han fet possibles. Dintre de les opcions de futur en computació, també intenta donar una visió de les bases en que es fonamenta la computació quàntica.

  8. Country nuclear power profiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The preparation of Country Nuclear Power Profiles was initiated within the framework of the IAEA`s programme for nuclear power plant performance assessment and feedback. It responded to a need for a database and a technical document containing a description of the energy and economic situation and the primary organizations involved in nuclear power in IAEA Member States. The task was included in the IAEA`s programmes for 1993/1994 and 1995/1996. In March 1993, the IAEA organized a Technical Committee meeting to discuss the establishment of country data ``profiles``, to define the information to be included in the profiles and to review the information already available in the IAEA. Two expert meetings were convened in November 1994 to provide guidance to the IAEA on the establishment of the country nuclear profiles, on the structure and content of the profiles, and on the preparation of the publication and the electronic database. In June 1995, an Advisory Group meeting provided the IAEA with comprehensive guidance on the establishment and dissemination of an information package on industrial and organizational aspects of nuclear power to be included in the profiles. The group of experts recommended that the profiles focus on the overall economic, energy and electricity situation in the country and on its nuclear power industrial structure and organizational framework. In its first release, the compilation would cover all countries with operating power plants by the end of 1995. It was also recommended to further promote information exchange on the lessons learned from the countries engaged in nuclear programmes. For the preparation of this publication, the IAEA received contributions from the 29 countries operating nuclear power plants and Italy. A database has been implemented and the profiles are supporting programmatic needs within the IAEA; it is expected that the database will be publicly accessible in the future. Refs, figs, tabs.

  9. Country nuclear power profiles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-03-01

    The preparation of Country Nuclear Power Profiles was initiated within the framework of the IAEA's programme for nuclear power plant performance assessment and feedback. It responded to a need for a database and a technical document containing a description of the energy and economic situation and the primary organizations involved in nuclear power in IAEA Member States. The task was included in the IAEA's programmes for 1993/1994 and 1995/1996. In March 1993, the IAEA organized a Technical Committee meeting to discuss the establishment of country data ''profiles'', to define the information to be included in the profiles and to review the information already available in the IAEA. Two expert meetings were convened in November 1994 to provide guidance to the IAEA on the establishment of the country nuclear profiles, on the structure and content of the profiles, and on the preparation of the publication and the electronic database. In June 1995, an Advisory Group meeting provided the IAEA with comprehensive guidance on the establishment and dissemination of an information package on industrial and organizational aspects of nuclear power to be included in the profiles. The group of experts recommended that the profiles focus on the overall economic, energy and electricity situation in the country and on its nuclear power industrial structure and organizational framework. In its first release, the compilation would cover all countries with operating power plants by the end of 1995. It was also recommended to further promote information exchange on the lessons learned from the countries engaged in nuclear programmes. For the preparation of this publication, the IAEA received contributions from the 29 countries operating nuclear power plants and Italy. A database has been implemented and the profiles are supporting programmatic needs within the IAEA; it is expected that the database will be publicly accessible in the future

  10. CDM Country Guides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    Under the Integrated Capacity Strengthening for the Clean Development Mechanism (ICS-CDM) programme, IGES presents the CDM Country Guides, a series of manuals on CDM project development for Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand. These guidebooks aim at facilitating CDM project developments in Asia by providing essential information to both project developers and potential investors. Chapter 1, Introduction, is a summary of issues that developers and investors in CDM projects should be aware of. Includes tips for readers to effectively use the guidebook to find specific information. Chapter 2, Country Profile, comprises a profile that provides a broad picture of the country, including social, economic, and political information, as well as an overview of the country's energy situation, which is important for project development and investment. Chapter 3, The CDM Project Cycle, gives an explanation of the general CDM project cycle, which includes identifying a project, issuance of carbon credits, requirements, and stakeholders for each process. Chapter 4, Possible CDM Projects in the Country, is an overview of the country's potential resources and sectoral or project type categories that hold potential for CDM projects. Chapter 5, Government Authorities, gives a comprehensive picture of the CDM-related institutional framework and its inter-organisational relationships. Chapter 6, CDM Project Approval Procedures and Requirements Steps, informs about obtaining project approval and its requirements (e.g., country-specific provisions on additionality, sustainable development criteria, and environmental impact assessment) in the host country. Chapter 7, Laws and Regulations, is an overview of basic investment-related laws, environmental and property law, and sector-specific regulations relevant to CDM project activities. Chapter 8, Fiscal and Financing Issues, gives practical information on the financial market in the host country (both

  11. Country report: a methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Colin, A.

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes a methodology which could be applicable to establish a country report. In the framework of nuclear non proliferation appraisal and IAEA safeguards implementation, it is important to be able to assess the potential existence of undeclared nuclear materials and activities as undeclared facilities in the country under review. In our views a country report should aim at providing detailed information on nuclear related activities for each country examined taken 'as a whole' such as nuclear development, scientific and technical capabilities, etc. In order to study a specific country, we need to know if there is already an operating nuclear civil programme or not. In the first case, we have to check carefully if it could divert nuclear material, if there are misused declared facilities or if they operate undeclared facilities and conduct undeclared activities aiming at manufacturing nuclear weapon. In the second case, we should pay attention to the development of a nuclear civil project. A country report is based on a wide span of information (most of the time coming from open sources but sometimes coming also from confidential or private ones). Therefore, it is important to carefully check the nature and the credibility (reliability?) of these sources through cross-check examination. Eventually, it is necessary to merge information from different sources and apply an expertise filter. We have at our disposal a lot of performing tools to help us to assess, understand and evaluate the situation (cartography, imagery, bibliometry, etc.). These tools allow us to offer the best conclusions as far as possible. The paper is followed by the slides of the presentation. (author)

  12. Tales From Two Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    2006-01-01

    Place branding has become popular. Places brand themselves to attract tourists, talented foreign workers, investments and businesses. The brand accentuates the positive characteristics of the place; it frames the society and sells its cultures. In the context of tourism, this paper examines...... to present a prevailing reality. To the Danes, the brand is descriptive and should portray the country in a positive and accurate manner. To the Singaporeans, the brand is normative and a vision of what Singaporean society ought to become. These countries share common goals when branding themselves...

  13. Country report Egypt 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-07-01

    The 'Laenderberichte' (country reports), published at irregular intervals, give detailed information on the economic and social structure and development of the country discussed. Extensive tables with a highly specific classification contain data on population and economics, also for longer periods of time. The data appear in a detailed text part with maps, illustrations and tables. There are tables on: Territory and population, health services, social affairs, education and culture, employment, agriculture and forestry, fishery, manufacturing industry, civil engineering, inland trade, external trade, transportation, money and credits, investments, prices and wages, supply and consumption, total balance of national economy. (orig.) [de

  14. Country report Belgium 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-09-01

    The 'Laenderberichte' (country reports), published at irregular intervals, give detailed information on the economic and social structure and development of the country discussed. Extensive tables with a highly specific classification contain data on population and economics, also for longer periods of time. The data appear in a detailed text part with maps, illustrations and tables. There are tables on: Territory and population, health services, social affairs, education and culture, employment, agriculture and forestry, fishery, manufacturing industry, civil engineering, inland trade, external trade, transportation, money and credits, investments, prices and wages, supply and consumption, total balance of national economy. (orig.) [de

  15. Country report Belarus 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-09-01

    The 'Laenderberichte' (country reports), published at irregular intervals, give detailed information on the economic and social structure and development of the country discussed. Extensive tables with a highly specific classification contain data on population and economics, also for longer periods of time. The data appear in a detailed text part with maps, illustrations and tables. There are tables on: Territory and population, health services, social affairs, education and culture, employment, agriculture and forestry, fishery, manufacturing industry, civil engineering, inland trade, external trade, transportation, money and credits, investments, prices and wages, supply and consumption, total balance of national economy. (orig.) [de

  16. Country report Brazil 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-09-01

    The 'Laenderberichte' (country reports), published at irregular intervals, give detailed information on the economic and social structure and development of the country discussed. Extensive tables with a highly specific classification contain data on population and economics, also for longer periods of time. The data appear in a detailed text part with maps, illustrations and tables. There are tables on: Territory and population, health services, social affairs, education and culture, employment, agriculture and forestry, fishery, manufacturing industry, civil engineering, inland trade, external trade, transportation, money and credits, investments, prices and wages, supply and consumption, total balance of national economy. (orig.) [de

  17. Country programme review. Mongolia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dolnicar, J.; Kamel, R.; Perera, O.; Tauchid, M.

    1992-08-01

    This document reviews the current nuclear program in Mongolia, identifying the peaceful uses of nuclear technology in the country and possible future technical co-operation activities. Separate brief sections deal with food and agriculture; mineral resources; nuclear chemistry, nuclear physics and instrumentation; human health; radiation protection; water resources and nuclear energy. 1 tab

  18. RIO Country Report 2015

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grimpe, Christoph; Mitchell, Jessica

    The 2015 series of RIO Country Reports analyse and assess the policy and the national research and innovation system developments in relation to national policy priorities and the EU policy agenda with special focus on ERA and Innovation Union. The executive summaries of these reports put forward...

  19. Touring the Low Countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strien, van Kees

    1998-01-01

    Touring the Low Countries is an anthology of approximately forty travel documents by British tourists - journals, letters, and financial accounts - most of them published here for the first time.The United Provinces and the Spanish Netherlands, with all the variety of their contrasting cultural

  20. in a Developing Country

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GB

    This could have contributed to the refusal for readmission. In conclusion, identification and management of mucopolysaccharidosis type II in affected patients pose a problem in resource-constrained countries due to late identification and presentation, lack of facilities for diagnosis and treatment, as well as the cost and the.

  1. Algeria: Country Status Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McFerren, Margaret

    A survey of the status of language usage in Algeria begins with an overview of the usage patterns of Arabic, the Berber languages, and French. The country's return to Arabic as its official language after independence from France in 1962 is discussed along with the resultant language planning, issues of language of instruction at the elementary,…

  2. CAPTURED India Country Evaluation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O'Donoghue, R.; Brouwers, J.H.A.M.

    2012-01-01

    This report provides the findings of the India Country Evaluation and is produced as part of the overall CAPTURED End Evaluation. After five years of support by the CAPTURED project the End Evaluation has assessed that results are commendable. I-AIM was able to design an approach in which health

  3. Radiotherapy in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1987-01-01

    The Symposium presentations are divided into 6 chapters devoted to the following topics: radiation therapy for carcinoma of the cervix (6 papers), different approaches in radiation therapy (15 papers), hyperthermia (7 papers), chemical modifiers (7 papers), dosimetry and technology (5 papers), organization of radiation therapy in developing countries (5 papers). A separate abstract was prepared for each of these papers

  4. DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. TRANSITION ECONOMIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dumitru FILIPEANU

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available According to the modern theories of economic development – the take-off, backwardness, convergence and balanced growth hypothesis - the new industrialized states from Asia seem to have noticed the advantages of backwardness from which low income countries benefited, namely the possibility to take advantage of the latest technological discoveries of advanced countries, thus achieving a faster growth than the latter which operated closer to the technological border. The assimilation of appropriate technologies, however, required the efficient mobilization and allocation of resources and the improvement of human and physical capital. While the Western countries were confronted with crises generated by inflationary shocks and movements of speculative capital, the relative isolation of countries whose economy was planned by the world economy sheltered them until 1990, unemployment being practically non-existent. Asia's exceptional economic success is not only due to borrowing Western practices, but also to the fact that Asian societies maintained certain traditional features of their own culture - such as a strong work ethic - and integrated them in the modern business environment.

  5. Country programme review. Ethiopia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-01-01

    This document reviews the current nuclear program in Ethiopia, identifying the peaceful uses of nuclear technology in the country and possible future technical cooperation activities. Separate brief sections deal with food and agriculture; human health; water and geothermal resources; industrial applications and instrumentation; radiation protection; higher education; programming, coordination and development

  6. Countries in transition

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    tant role in an open global economy? Would it have the ... topics such as urban migration, labour issues, HIV/AIDS, and the ... A new approach to finding local solutions to armed conflict grew ... the fighting in four test countries: Somalia,. Eritrea ...

  7. Country programme review. Guatemala

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1992-09-01

    This document reviews the current nuclear program in Guatemala, identifying the peaceful uses of nuclear technology in the country and possible future technical co-operation activities. Separate brief sections deal with food and agriculture; human health; radiation protection; industrial applications and hydrology; nuclear analytical techniques; nuclear instrumentation and nuclear information

  8. Problems facing developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1986-01-01

    Financing, above all political and technical considerations, remains the major obstacle faced by developing countries who wish to embark on a nuclear power programme. According to the IAEA, the support of the official lending agencies of the suppliers is essential. (author)

  9. Denmark. [CME Country Reports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France). Documentation Center for Education in Europe.

    According to an agreement between the parties of the labour market and the Ministry of Labour, the immigration of foreign workers into Denmark takes place on a quota basis and conforms to a series of regulations, including a rule that the foreign worker, prior to departing from his country, must have made contract arrangements for his job. This…

  10. Algunas aclaraciones acerca del conocimiento del singular.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Llano Cifuentes

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Llano tries to explain the main purpose of El Conocimiento del Singular, showing how the individuals about which the book is concerned are basically human individuals: people as decision makers.

  11. Los objetivos del desarrollo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Currie Lauchlin

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available To broach the goals of development implies broaching the problem of economic growth in a critical manner. Not only the concept of growth but also the means of achieving it in practice should be questioned. Growth is not an end, it is a means of gaining access to development And development should not be understood as a goal, but as a permanent process of learning tending towards more control over the environment and greater levels of well-being. It is not a matter of increasing GNP linearly; development must occur, sustained growth that, without being a threat to mm or to our natural resources, can lead to the eradication of absolute and relati.ve poverty. The low rates of growth of the developing countries constitute structural problem that can /lot be reso1.ved by resorting to the neo-classical mechanisms of mobility, nor to the Keynesian formulas. These have served as a source of inspiration to the Harrod-lX:m3r·type models of growth which limit themselves to stimulating savings and ending unemployment by concentrating exclusively on the monetary demand. Getting OUt of the vicious circle of low growth implies eradicating poverty with respect into the immediateness of a direct attack on the problem. with respect to the developed counties, growth is starting to became harmful, and, given the prevalence of ostensible consumption and of pecuniary emulation, it is imperative to foment non-economic motivation that will permit the eradication of relative poverty.

    Abordar los objetivos del desarrollo implica abordar de manera crítica el problema del crecimiento econ

  12. Deslumbramientos del mercado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique Selim

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Con eje en los diferentes aspectos que adopta el actual proceso de mundialización de la lógica del mercado y expansión capitalista, aún en países socialistas, el presente artículo plantea la necesidad de una reflexión antropológica susceptible de articular el surgimiento de nuevas formas de dominación y representación simbólicas. Se discute el aparente efecto de unificación intelectual producido por la hegemonía del mercado respecto de hechos sociales heterogéneos dados en la historia reciente de las sociedades contemporáneas. Así, la renovada atracción que ejercen los nuevos escenarios sociales reconfigurados en virtud de las modalidades específicas de encarnación y operación de los procesos globalizantes, llama al estudio antropológico de las coyunturas. La autora despliega una interpretación del socialismo de mercado, conjunción -siempre en tensión- de un monopolio político estatal y una liberalización del mercado económico. En esta perspectiva se reubica el interés de una antropología del presente en relevar localmente, en este caso en Vietnam del Norte, la conformación de un nuevo mercado de demandas simbólicas, donde la reaparición de las prácticas culturales de comunicación con los antepasados expresa la necesidad de reunificación familiar y reconciliación con los muertos en la "larga guerra".Tendo como eixo os aspectos diferentes que adota o processo atual de mundialização da lógica do mercado e de expansão capitalista, até mesmo nos países socialistas, este artigo propoe a necessidade de uma reflexão antropológica capaz de articular o aparecimento de novas formas de dominação e de representação simbólica. Discute-se o efeito de superfície de unificação intelectual causado pela hegemonia do mercado em fatos sociais diversos em sociedades contemporâneas. Assim, a atração renovada de novos fatos sociais pelos modos específicos de incorporação e operação de processos de globaliza

  13. PERSPECTIVAS DEL TRATAMIENTO ANAEROBIO DE AGUAS RESIDUALES DOMÉSTICAS EN PAÍSES EN DESARROLLO PERSPECTIVAS DO TRATAMENTO ANAERÓBIO DE ESGOTOS DOMÉSTICOS EM PAÍSES EM DESENVOLVIMENTO PERSPECTIVES OF ANAEROBIC TREATMENT OF DOMESTIC WASTEWATER IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Torres

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En países con grandes problemas de saneamiento y pocos recursos, como los que están en vías de desarrollo, se requieren plantas de tratamiento de aguas residuales domésticas -PTARD- apropiadas y sostenibles; dado que estos países se localizan en general en regiones de clima tropical y subtropical (temperaturas superiores a 20 °C, la digestión anaerobia es una tecnología clave que genera subproductos con valor agregado (bioenergía, nutrientes y agua para reúso. América Latina es la región con mayor número de PTARD anaerobias, siendo el reactor UASB el de mayor aplicación para el tratamiento del ARD; su implementación a escala tan grande como la de la PTARD Onça (Belo Horizonte, Brasil demuestra que es una tecnología consolidada, con eficiencias de reducción entre 65 % y 80 % de DQO y TRH entre 6 y 10 horas. Sin embargo, es necesario continuar avanzando en el mejoramiento y perfeccionamiento de los actuales métodos de tratamiento que permitan soluciones tecnológicas respetuosas con el ambiente y adecuadas a las condiciones socioeconómicas y culturales propias de cada región. Este documento plantea un análisis y reflexión sobre el tratamiento anaerobio de ARD en países en desarrollo y sobre las perspectivas de aplicación en pequeña y gran escala.Em países com grandes problemas de saneamento e poucos recursos como os países que estão em desenvolvimento, se requerem estações de tratamento de esgotos -ETE- apropriadas e sustentáveis; dado que estes países localizam-se em geral em regiões de clima tropical e subtropical (temperaturas superiores a 20 °C, a digestão anaeróbia é uma tecnologia chave que gera subprodutos com valor agregado (bioenergia, nutrientes e água para reuso. América Latina é a região com maior número de ETE anaeróbias, sendo o reator UASB o de maior aplicação para o tratamento de esgotos domésticos; sua implementação em escala tão grande como a da ETE Onça (Belo Horizonte, Brasil

  14. Macroeconomics in develpoing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak Nayyar

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyzes the differences between the economies of industrialized countriesand developing countries, which have important implications for macroeconomics interms of theory and policy. It considers the differences in macroeconomic objectives andexamines why the reach of macroeconomic policies is different in the two sets ofcountries. It argues that the distinction between short-run macroeconomic models andlong-term growth models is not quite appropriate for developing countries, wheremacroeconomic constraints on growth straddle time horizons and short-term policieshave long-term consequences. The essential hypothesis is that the nature of relationshipsand the direction of causation in macroeconomics, which shape analysis, diagnosis andprescription, depend on the institutional setting and not the analytical structure of models.And even if some laws of economics are universal, the functioning of economies can bemarkedly different. Therefore, economic theory and policy analysis should recognize,rather than ignore, such myriad differences.

  15. Botswana country study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1999-09-01

    This study was carried out in Botswana, Tanzania and Zambia as part of the project `Climate Change Mitigation in Southern Africa` funded by the Danish International Development Agency (Danida). The project was conducted parallel to the UNEP/GEF project `Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations` which involved 8 other developing countries and 2 regional projects in Latin America and the SADC region. The limitation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is a complex issue, intimately connected with economic development at local, national, regional and global levels. Key economic sectors such as energy, agriculture, industry and forestry all produce GHGs, and are likely to be affected directly and indirectly by any mitigation policy. The UNEP Greenhouse Gas Abatement Costing Studies, initiated in 1991, attempted to address these complex issues, developing a methodological framework and testing it through practical application in ten countries. (EHS) 28 refs.

  16. Mauritius country study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Manraj, D.D.

    1998-01-01

    Mauritius has no known oil, gas or coal reserves but is only endowed with limited renewable energy resources namely hydropower and bagasse. Bagasse represents about one third of the country's energy requirements and meets almost all of the sugar industries energy demand. Projects identified for mitigation options are: Energy Sector - Renewable Sources (Solar, Wind, Biomass); Transport Sector - Fuel switching and Mass transit transport; Manufacturing Sector - Increase efficiency of energy use in the manufacturing process. (EG)

  17. Tanzania country study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meena, H E [Centre for Energy, Environment, Science and Technology, Dar es Salaam (Tanzania, United Republic of)

    1998-10-01

    An objective of this study is to analyse the role of the land use sectors of Tanzania (especially forestry) on mitigation of greenhouse gases. Specific emphasis is placed on the relationship between forestry and energy supply from biomass. This is a follow up study on an earlier effort which worked on mitigation options in the country without an in-depth analysis of the forestry and land use sectors. (au)

  18. MICROFINANCE AND POOREST COUNTRIES

    OpenAIRE

    阿部, 清司

    2004-01-01

    The world is divided into developing and developed countries. There are two kinds of banks: conventional ones and unconventional. Commercial banks are usually based on mutual distrust, while new unconventional banks, microfinances, are based on mutual trust. The origin of micro finance is deeply rooted in Asia. In 1976, Grameen Bank in Bangladesh was founded by Dr. Muhammad Yunus. It reverses conventional banking practice by removing the need for collateral. It creates a banking system based ...

  19. Cyclotrons in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vera Ruiz, Hernan

    2004-01-01

    Cyclotron accelerators are prolific sources of charged particle for the production of radionuclides and have become an essential tool in the practice of modern nuclear medicine by providing reliable radiotracers for SPECT and PET studies. In a recent survey conducted by the IAEA in 2001, the growth in the number of cyclotron facilities installed in laboratories and hospitals in developed as well as developing countries was recorded. This trend, which started in the late 70's, continues in the present time also and all indications are that it will continue in the next five to ten years. The reasons for this growth are several: technology involved has become more user or 'hospital friendly', third party reimbursement for several clinical studies based on F-18 PET radiopharmaceuticals at least in some of the advanced countries started in 1998 and above all, the clear irrefutable and demonstrable conclusion of the positive cost/benefit outcomes of PET studies in the field of oncology to a lesser degree, thus far, for cardiology and neurology. It is however recognizable that the overall financial cost of the technology, which comprises the premises to house the facility, the cyclotron accelerator, the corresponding radiochemistry and quality control equipment and the PET cameras can be nevertheless an expensive proposition that requires careful advance planning. This fact is even more relevant when the facility is planned for installation in a developing country, which, frequently, in addition to having a lack of sufficient financial resources, do have shortage of qualified human resources to efficiently run the facility. In spite of the above, it is fact that more and more public as well as private organizations in the developing countries are setting up cyclotron/PET programmes or are seriously considering the installation of such a facility

  20. Germany - an immigration country

    OpenAIRE

    Siebert, Horst

    2003-01-01

    Germany has about the same proportion of foreigners in its population as the United States, it is an immigration country. In a way, Germany has let immigration happen, but it did not really have an explicit immigration policy in the past. Now it has to make up its mind on its immigration policy in the future. The paper looks at the experience with immigration in the past, at the integration of foreigners and at the issues of immigration policy.

  1. Zambia country study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1999-09-01

    The Zambia Country Study, which was part of the Danida-funded project Climate Change Mitigation in Southern Africa: Phase 2, aimed at methodological development, national mitigation analysis and institutional capacity building in Zambia. The study comprised the following five elements: Comprehensive evaluation of national social and economic development framework for climate change; Baseline scenario(s) projection(s); Mitigation scenario(s) projection(s); Macro-economic assessment; Implementation Issues. (au) 17 refs.

  2. Tanzania country study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Meena, H.E.

    1998-01-01

    An objective of this study is to analyse the role of the land use sectors of Tanzania (especially forestry) on mitigation of greenhouse gases. Specific emphasis is placed on the relationship between forestry and energy supply from biomass. This is a follow up study on an earlier effort which worked on mitigation options in the country without an in-depth analysis of the forestry and land use sectors. (au)

  3. Psicodrama del duelo.

    OpenAIRE

    José Antonio Espina Barrio; Marisol Filgueira Bouza

    1997-01-01

    La pérdida de rituales agrava y alarga la reacción del duelo. Se define el Psicodrama Antropológico y su intervención en el proceso del duelo. El Psicodrama Focal del Duelo es una psicoterapia breve centrada en el proceso de Duelo. Se comentan varios casos y resultados. Se concluye con un programa sencillo para el duelo en Atención Primaria.

  4. Fractura triple del complejo suspensorio del hombro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eraclio Delgado Rifá

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El complejo suspensorio del hombro es una estructura sumamente importante, compuesta por un anillo de huesos y tejidos blandos. Las lesiones aisladas de este complejo anatómico son frecuentes y no afectan su estabilidad. La interrupción doble conduce a la inestabilidad de esta estructura y usualmente requiere tratamiento quirúrgico. La triple interrupción, por su parte, es sumamente rara y es encontrada en casos de trauma de alta energía a menudo en asociación con otras lesiones. Se presenta una triple lesión del complejo suspensorio del hombro en un paciente de 46 años de edad, con una fractura de la glenoides, del acromion tipo III de Kuhn y de la coracoides tipo II de Ogawa. En este caso, la fractura del acromion fue tratada con fijación percutánea con alambres de Kirschner, por tener asociado lesiones de partes blandas que contraindicaron la reducción abierta. La fractura de la glenoides y de la apófisis coracoides fueron tratadas conservadoramente. Después de 6 meses de evolución, el paciente tuvo un resultado funcional aceptable, con una abducción de 90 grados, los 30 grados de rotación externa y 70 de rotación interna, además asintomático y consolidación de todas las fracturas. A pesar de ser catalogada de una lesión grave del cinturón escapular y estar asociada a otras lesiones se obtuvo un resultado satisfactorio al final del tratamiento.

  5. Vigencia del Darwinismo

    OpenAIRE

    Lessa, Enrique P

    2009-01-01

    En este ensayo se presenta una revisión histórica del signifcado y legado del darwinismo, con énfasis en el último siglo. La principal conclusión es que la visión darwiniana de la evolución, con las modifcaciones requeridas para dar cuenta de los grandes desarrollos de la disciplina, se ha impuesto y mantiene vigencia en nuestros días. En particular, el papel del azar, la evolución como proceso de “descendencia con modifcación” a lo largo de diversas ramas del árbol de la vida, el pensamiento...

  6. E-learning e Università. Riflessioni tratte dalle interviste a quattro esperti italiani: Antonio Calvani, Luigi Guerra, Roberto Maragliano, Pier Cesare Rivoltella.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Corazza

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Quattro esperti italiani di e-learning in ambito universitario hanno accettato di rispondere ad alcune domande su vantaggi e svantaggi, caratteristiche attuali e prospettive future di una nuova forma di didattica, l’e-learning, che richiede un ripensamento complessivo del modo di intendere l’apprendimento, lo sviluppo del sapere e la formazione della conoscenza.

  7. Innovazione nel mobile learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Immaculada Arnedillo-Sànchez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Descrizione, da una prospettiva europea, dell’innovazione nel settore del mobile learning e l’utilizzabilita’ del mobile learning in contesti educativi. Vengono illustrate i principali progetti europei di m-learning e si esamina le prospettive pedagogiche e teoriche relative al campo.

  8. Economic Indicators Selected Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-01

    DEFENCE I ECONOMIC INDICATORS SELECTED COUNTRIES DECEMBER QUARTER 1987 . ’-H ISSUED BY MANPOWER POLICY & STRATEGIES BRANCH " "’ :.S S ’,1l f ,am -m mW...100 Sour:e: Main Economic Indicators (OECD) Manufactured Basic Metal Year Goods Chemicals Metals Products 1980 100 100 100 100 1981 110 117 102 107...Earnings of all 1982 1986 7.4 Male Employees (a) Aug 1986 Aug 1987 4.8 Hourly Wace Rates 3 1979 1987 lt.2 Garden Island 1983 1987 6.7 Dockyards Dec

  9. Denmark country report 2016

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloksgaard, Lotte; Rostgaard, Tine

    2016-01-01

    The LP&R network produces an annual review of leave policies and related research, starting in 2004. The review covers Maternity, Paternity and Parental leaves; leave to care for sick children and other employment-related measures to support working parents; and early childhood education and care....... In addition to the new country, these are: Australia, Austria, Brazil, Belgium, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal...

  10. Denmark country note

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloksgaard, Lotte; Rostgaard, Tine

    2014-01-01

    The LP&R network produces an annual review of leave policies and related research, starting in 2004 (for earlier reviews, go to Archive 2005-2013). The review covers Maternity, Paternity and Parental leaves; leave to care for sick children and other employment-related measures to support working......, Israel. Altogether, it covers 35 countries. In addition to Israel, these are: Austria, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland...

  11. Education in European countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petcu, N.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Education, vocational training and lifelong learning play a vital role in both an economic and social context. The paper herein aims to identify Romania’s place within the UE-countries, considering a series of general indices: total public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP, private expenditure on education as % of GDP, annual expenditure on public and private educational institutions per pupil/student - by level of education, school expectancy, pupils and students, students - tertiary education, mobility of students in Europe, science and technology graduates, doctorate students in science and technology fields. Analysis methods: main components analysis, cluster analysis.

  12. Country profiles: Belgium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1991-01-01

    Within months, Belgium will have to import practically all of its energy requirements; coal production will stop in 1992. Though nuclear will continue to provide the bulk of the country's power supply, government policy has shifted away from reliance on the atom for electricity generation towards natural gas. With no oil reserves of its own, keeping demand under check has been a priority for governments down the years. The actual level of oil imports runs well above consumption since the refining sector supplies products for the European market. Belgium's own petrol station businesses face considerable rationalisation, with average throughput well below EC levels. (author)

  13. La luz del origen del universo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Casas, Alberto

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penzias and Wilson discovered the cosmic microwave background, a luminous echo of the Big Bang, in 1965. The amount of information encoded in this relic of the early universe is truly extraordinary. At present, the most precise data about the origin and structure of the universe comes from the study of this primordial light, the full potential of which has yet to be explored.En 1965 se descubrió el fondo de radiación de microondas, un eco luminoso de la Gran Explosión (Big Bang. La cantidad de información contenida en esta reliquia del universo primitivo es verdaderamente extraordinaria. En la actualidad los datos más precisos sobre el origen y estructura del universo provienen del estudio de esta luz primigenia, que aún no ha sido explorada en todo su potencial.

  14. Revealed Comparative Advantage of Services in Cariforum Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Freckleton

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A pesar de la importancia de las exportaciones de servicios a los países del CARIFORUM no hay muchos estudios sobre de la competitividad de las exportaciones. Este artículo examina la ventaja comparativa revelada de las exportaciones de servicios de los países del CARIFORUM. El análisis muestra que la mayoría de los países del CARIFORUM han puesto de manifiesto las ventajas comparativas en el turismo, pero también hay casos de ventaja comparativa revelada en otros servicios como transporte, seguros y servicios empresariales, servicios personales, culturales y recreativos. Los resultados sugieren que existe un potencial de CARIFORUM para diversificar las exportaciones de servicios con el fin de pro-mover el crecimiento económico y reducir la vulnerabilidad. Sin embargo, en la medida en que los países del CARIFORUM pueden tomar ventaja de las oportunidades existentes de acceso al Mercado de los servicios depende de su capacidad de mejorar la capacidad de oferta de servicios y promover la competitividad de los servicios. English: Despite the importance of services ex-ports to CARIFORUM countries there is limited research on the competitiveness of such exports. This article examines the revealed comparative advantage of services exports in CARIFORUM countries. The analysis shows that most CARIFORUM countries have revealed comparative advantage in tourism but there are also cases of revealed comparative advantage in other services including transport, insurance, business services and personal, cultural and recreational services. The results suggest that there is potential for CARIFORUM to diversify exports of services in order to promote economic growth and reduce vulnerability. However, the extent to which CARIFORUM countries can take advantage of existing market access opportunities for services depends on their ability to improve the capacity to supply services and to promote the competitiveness of services.

  15. Archivo del Duelo

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrera, Tamara

    2010-01-01

    Photos taken from the Archive of Mourning following the March 11 terrorist attacks El Archivo del Duelo. Creación de un archivo etnográfico de los Atentados del 11 de marzo en Madrid. Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia HUM2005-03490.

  16. Displasias del seno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Andrade Valderrama

    1971-04-01

    Full Text Available En general, las Displasias no se presentan antes de la iniciación del estímulo Gonadal y tienden a desaparecer con el climaterio. Se definen entonces como las afecciones benignas del Seno, de origen endocrino.

  17. Argentina [Country report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferreyra, R.

    2005-01-01

    The airborne geophysical surveys developed in Argentina are described. They have got more than 500.000 km 2 acquiring data for U, Th, K and total background activity. Other types of published data are also mentioned (satellite imagery, seismic hazard, climate, soil distributions, etc.). The availability of maps with the abundances of elements analyzed at the country and also at laboratories from Canada is described, as well as data of analysis of several elements at two study areas proposed at the outset of the project. The availability of process rate data and epidemiological data is also explained. Argentina intended fully to participate in the CRP at the outset of the project. Due, however, to external resource constraints imposed on the participating organization (Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, CNEA), the level of participation had to be significantly reduced. Nonetheless, in the first period of the CRP, Argentina undertook to collate existing geological and geochemical information within the country, and began to define potential areas for site specific natural systems safety indicator studies. (author)

  18. Country Presentation Congo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mwata, P.K.; SAKI, A.; KAZADI, J.

    2010-01-01

    Illicit trafficking of radioactive minerals, precious metals and nuclear materials is generally expanded practice in some parts of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The phenomenon took place early in 1990 and amplified from 1998. The main causes of this practice are political instability that led to general poverty among population and the lack of legal framework governing the exploitation of minerals. Nuclear Illicit trafficking in Congo concerns radioactive mineral sand precious metals in eastern and southern parts of the country. The unfavorable political environment that took place in Congo in the 1990s resulted in local manpower and mine workers immigrating to neighboring countries. A great fraction of these new jobless started exploiting abandoned mines residues searching for Cu, Co and Au for survival. First cases of illicit exploitation of uranium minerals were reported very soon after rock sliding that occurred in 2004 on Shinkolobwe site in Katanga region. This uncontrolled mineral exploitation got worse when several mining companies were licensed by GECAMINES company to explore, exploit, purchase minerals from individuals and export raw materials and concentrates.

  19. Influence of country brand slogan and logo in country positioning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Pipoli de Azambuja

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available To build the image of a country minds consumers’ minds, countries apply marketing strategies that are based on their country brand development, in the same way that companies apply marketing to their products and services. The development of the logo and slogan to be used in the communication strategy, are two key elements of its success in the process of building the country brand (Keller 2008. Thus the objective of this research is to know the importance of using the logo and slogan in international marketing strategies of countries. To do this, this research analyzes the use of the logo and slogan, in country brand strategies of countries in the top places in the Country Brand Index (2009 of Future Brand.

  20. Precipitation Indices Low Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Engelen, A. F. V.; Ynsen, F.; Buisman, J.; van der Schrier, G.

    2009-09-01

    Since 1995, KNMI published a series of books(1), presenting an annual reconstruction of weather and climate in the Low Countries, covering the period AD 763-present, or roughly, the last millennium. The reconstructions are based on the interpretation of documentary sources predominantly and comparison with other proxies and instrumental observations. The series also comprises a number of classifications. Amongst them annual classifications for winter and summer temperature and for winter and summer dryness-wetness. The classification of temperature have been reworked into peer reviewed (2) series (AD 1000-present) of seasonal temperatures and temperature indices, the so called LCT (Low Countries Temperature) series, now incorporated in the Millennium databases. Recently we started a study to convert the dryness-wetness classifications into a series of precipitation; the so called LCP (Low Countries Precipitation) series. A brief outline is given here of the applied methodology and preliminary results. The WMO definition for meteorological drought has been followed being that a period is called wet respectively dry when the amount of precipitation is considerable more respectively less than usual (normal). To gain a more quantitative insight for four locations, geographically spread over the Low Countries area (De Bilt, Vlissingen, Maastricht and Uccle), we analysed the statistics of daily precipitation series, covering the period 1900-present. This brought us to the following definition, valid for the Low Countries: A period is considered as (very) dry respectively (very) wet if over a continuous period of at least 60 days (~two months) cq 90 days (~three months) on at least two out of the four locations 50% less resp. 50% more than the normal amount for the location (based on the 1961-1990 normal period) has been measured. This results into the following classification into five drought classes hat could be applied to non instrumental observations: Very wet period

  1. La crisi del diritto del lavoro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Garilli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Riassunto - L’Autore ripercorre in chiave critica l’evoluzione delle politiche legislative in materia di lavoro, alla luce dell’attuale fase di crisi economico finanziaria. Nell’esaminare i principali interventi normativi attuati da inizio secolo, l’Autore mette in evidenza le scelte di metodo e gli elementi di continuità che accomunano i vari provvedimenti, individuandoli nell’affannosa ricerca del punto di equilibrio tra flessibilità e garantismo. La riflessione si chiude con alcuni interrogativi sulle ultime linee di riforma del mercato del lavoro e con l’auspicio che, anche al cospetto delle imprescindibili ragioni dell’economia, il diritto del lavoro possa continuare a svolgere il proprio tradizionale ruolo di disciplina di tutela della persona.   Abstract - The author analyzes, with a critically oriented approach, the development of the employment law, in the light of the current economic and financial crisis. In examining the main regulatory measures implemented since the beginning of the century, the author highlights the methodological choices and the elements of continuity that unite the various measures, focusing them in a hard research of a point of balance between flexibility and security. The discussion concludes with some questions about the last lines of the reform of the labor market and with the hope that, even in the face of compelling reasons of economy, labor law can continue to play its traditional role of governing the protection of person.

  2. OBJETIVO DEL DESARROLLO DEL MILENIO 7

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita M. Pérez O.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, también conocidos como los Objetivos del Milenio, constituyeron las metas finales que aprobaron los dirigentes mundiales, 189 jefes de estado y de gobierno en la Cumbre del Milenio de las Naciones Unidas celebrada en Nueva York en el año 2000, en la cual los Estados miembros de la organización reafirmaron su compromiso de luchar por un mundo en el que el desarrollo sostenible y la eliminación de la pobreza tuvieran máxima prioridad1 . En la cumbre se definió la Declaración del Milenio, la cual detalla los objetivos, principios, valores, metas y acciones para erradicar la pobreza Mundial hacia el año 2015, todos ellos ratificados con alto interés y acción estratégica de carácter global, como marco para la medición de los progresos en materia de desarrollo.

  3. Elementos del sistema electoral del Congreso Mexicano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldo Medina García

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es un estudio de los componentes del sistema electoral, diseñado por el legislador mexicano para integrar al parlamento federal. Estudio desarrollado a sabiendas de la importancia que reviste el sistema electoral como un medio que permite a los ciudadanos convertir su voto expresado en las urnas en escaños a favor de determinado candidato o partido. En dicho análisis tomamos en cuenta la evolución constitucional del sistema electoral mexicano, la participación de las fuerzas minoritarias en la integración del Senado y de la Cámara de Diputados, la división que se hace del territorio en circunscripciones electorales, la barrera electoral que se fija a los partidos políticos para acceder a la representación en el Parlamento, la fórmula de asignación que se aplica a la votación obtenida, para finalmente concluir que el sistema electoral mexicano es esencialmente mayoritario aun cuando se vista de proporcional.

  4. Country profile: Hungary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-09-01

    Country Profile: Hungary has been prepared as a background document for use by US Government agencies and US businesses interested in becoming involved with the new democracies of Eastern Europe as they pursue sustainable economic development. The focus of the Profile is on energy and highlights information on Hungary`s energy supply, demand, and utilization. It identifies patterns of energy usage in the important economic sectors, especially industry, and provides a preliminary assessment for opportunities to improve efficiencies in energy production, distribution and use by introducing more efficient technologies. The use of more efficient technologies would have the added benefit of reducing the environmental impact which, although is not the focus of the report, is an issue that effects energy choices. The Profile also presents considerable economic information, primarily in the context of how economic restructuring may affect energy supply, demand, and the introduction of more efficient technologies.

  5. Country profile: Hungary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-09-01

    Country Profile: Hungary has been prepared as a background document for use by US Government agencies and US businesses interested in becoming involved with the new democracies of Eastern Europe as they pursue sustainable economic development. The focus of the Profile is on energy and highlights information on Hungary's energy supply, demand, and utilization. It identifies patterns of energy usage in the important economic sectors, especially industry, and provides a preliminary assessment for opportunities to improve efficiencies in energy production, distribution and use by introducing more efficient technologies. The use of more efficient technologies would have the added benefit of reducing the environmental impact which, although is not the focus of the report, is an issue that effects energy choices. The Profile also presents considerable economic information, primarily in the context of how economic restructuring may affect energy supply, demand, and the introduction of more efficient technologies.

  6. Indonesian country report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Munawir Zulqarnain, M.

    2005-01-01

    BATAN started to study EB (electron beam) flue gas treatment in 2001 after a joint memorandum of understanding on application of EB flue gas treatment in Power Plant between BATAN (National Nuclear Energy Agency), BPPT (Technology Implementation and Assessment Agency) and Indonesia Power Company was signed. Among several power plants (coal or oil) in Indonesia only one is installed with flue gas treatment equipment. This is to reduce CO 2 emission from the newest of coal power plant in Indonesia with 1200 MWe. The BATAN starts by seeking and learning data and engineering concept and processes from other countries to install an EB flue gas treatment equipment. The role of demonstration plant installation is very important to the future EB flue gas treatment in Indonesia. (S. Ohno)

  7. Country programme review Bangladesh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kamel, R.; Maluszynski, Y.; Maudarbocus, Y.; Cherif, H.S.; Morre, P.

    1993-12-01

    A five-expert mission was organized from 21-26 August 1993 and this document reflects the findings and recommendations of the team. Intensive contacts with heads of institutions, scientists and decision making persons in various sectors in the country were co-ordinated by the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission. The terms of reference of the mission were: To assess the on-going TC projects; to assist the Bangladesh nationals to finalize the formulation of the new requests for 1995-96 TC programme and to establish priority areas with regard to the introduction of national projects involving accelerated technological transfer in order to catalyze national development plans in specific areas; to examine institutional framework suitable for the introduction of these priority nuclear techniques

  8. Country programming mission. Namibia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-01-01

    In response to a request from the Government of Namibia conveyed in a letter dated 29 November 1990 IAEA provided a multi-disciplinary Programming Mission which visited Namibia from 15 - 19 July 1991. The terms of reference of the Mission were: 1. To assess the possibilities and benefits of nuclear energy applications in Namibia's development; 2. To advise on the infrastructure required for nuclear energy projects; 3. To assist in the formulation of project proposals which could be submitted for Agency assistance. This report is based on the findings of the Mission and falls into 3 sections with 8 appendices. The first section is a country profile providing background information, the second section deals with sectorial needs and institutional review of the sectors of agriculture including animal production, life sciences (nuclear medicine and radiotherapy) and radiation protection. The third section includes possible future technical co-operation activities

  9. Country Presentation Angola

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cardoso, L.; Ferreira, Edson; Goma, A.

    2010-01-01

    The Republic of Angola joined the IAEA in September 1999. Since then, the country started by designing, promoting and developing its programme on nuclear and technology through the Unit for Nuclear Science and Technology created by the Ministry of Science and Technology.The Angolan Atomic Law was approved on June 28 and published on September 05, 2007.Radioactive Waste Every person who is licensed to generate, keep or manage radioactive waste shall be responsible for the safe management of radioactive waste generated by the practice or source for which he/she is authorized. No person shall transport any radioactive material, radioactive substance or radiation generator on any vessel or boat within the territorial waters or the exclusive economic zone of Angola; on any aircraft within the airspace of Angola; or any means of land transport without authorization from the Regulatory Authority of Atomic Energy

  10. Peer Country Comments Paper - Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bredgaard, Thomas

    Bidrag til EU-kommissionens peer-review on "Strategies for Employment policy Reform. Implementation Challenges in Decentralised Countries"......Bidrag til EU-kommissionens peer-review on "Strategies for Employment policy Reform. Implementation Challenges in Decentralised Countries"...

  11. The AEC and developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ouvrieu, J.B.

    1983-01-01

    A historical background shows how AEC's activities have changed and consequently, the development of the AEC's relations with developing countries. Some examples serve to illustrate the different types of AEC cooperation with developing countries [fr

  12. Glaucoma in developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To describe the background and strategy required for the prevention of blindness from glaucoma in developing countries. Materials and Methods: Extrapolation of existing data and experience in eye care delivery and teaching models in an unequally developed country (India are used to make recommendations. Results: Parameters like population attributable risk percentage indicate that glaucoma is a public health problem but lack of simple diagnostic techniques and therapeutic interventions are barriers to any effective plan. Case detection rather than population-based screening is the recommended strategy for detection. Population awareness of the disease is low and most patients attending eye clinics do not receive a routine comprehensive eye examination that is required to detect glaucoma (and other potentially blinding eye diseases. Such a routine is not taught or practiced by the majority of training institutions either. Angle closure can be detected clinically and relatively simple interventions (including well performed cataract surgery can prevent blindness from this condition. The strategy for open angle glaucoma should focus on those with established functional loss. Outcomes of this proposed strategy are not yet available. Conclusions: Glaucoma cannot be managed in isolation. The objective should be to detect and manage all potential causes of blindness and prevention of blindness from glaucoma should be integrated into existing programs. The original pyramidal model of eye care delivery incorporates this principle and provides an initial starting point. The routine of comprehensive eye examination in every clinic and its teaching (and use in residency programs is mandatory for the detection and management of potentially preventable blinding pathology from any cause, including glaucoma. Programs for detection of glaucoma should not be initiated unless adequate facilities for diagnosis and surgical intervention are in place and

  13. Which Countries Become Tax Havens?

    OpenAIRE

    Dhammika Dharmapala; James R. Hines Jr.

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyzes the factors influencing whether countries become tax havens. Roughly 15 percent of countries are tax havens; as has been widely observed, these countries tend to be small and affluent. This paper documents another robust empirical regularity: better-governed countries are much more likely than others to become tax havens. Using a variety of empirical approaches, and controlling for other relevant factors, governance quality has a statistically significant and quantitativel...

  14. Export Variety and Country Productivity

    OpenAIRE

    Feenstra, Robert; Looi Kee, Hiau

    2004-01-01

    The authors study the link between export product variety and country productivity based on data from 34 industrial and developing countries, from 1982 to 1997. They measure export product variety by the share of U.S. imports on the set of goods exported by each sampled country relative to the world. It is a theoretically sound index which is consistent with within-country GDP maximization...

  15. Literacy Campaigns in Developing Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odunuga, Segun

    1984-01-01

    Discusses the problem of eradicating illiteracy in developing countries, where the illiteracy rate may average about 70 percent. Looks at the Arab countries, Latin America, Africa, and India and the factors that thwart attempts to increase literacy in those countries. These include religious habits and the problem of language in multilingual…

  16. Castillo del Real. Olocau

    OpenAIRE

    AUÑÓN VALLEJO, JONATAN

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo que se quiere alcanzar con este proyecto es el de realizar un estudio lo más cercano posible del Catillo del Real, de manera que se pueda conocer su origen, su evolución a lo largo de la historia, así como las diferentes técnicas y sistemas constructivos utilizados en su construcción. Auñón Vallejo, J. (2011). Castillo del Real. Olocau. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/14244. Archivo delegado

  17. La Representabilidad del Genocidio

    OpenAIRE

    Cardona González, Lorena

    2012-01-01

    El presente artículo intenta hacer una aproximación histórica y analítica al fenómeno del Genocidio, sus implicaciones sociales y culturales que dieron como resultado la reformulación analítica y conceptual de hechos que hasta entonces superaban el conocimiento y la moral humana. De este modo, se hace un trayecto histórico de la paulatina aparición del asesinato masivo como practica de Estado, enmarcado en las experiencias del genocidio armenio y el alemán. A su vez, se hace una mirada sobre ...

  18. Significado presente del CSIC

    OpenAIRE

    Garrido Gallardo, Miguel Angel

    2000-01-01

    Not available

    Este artículo, elaborado en 1999, ofrece una panorámica de la realidad del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas en la actualidad. Repasa su organización, su volumen de publicaciones, sus indicadores de productividad, su capacidad de obtener recursos y, en suma, su lugar en el conjunto del sistema español de Ciencia y Tecnología, considerado en sí mismo y en relación con la Universidad. Como conclusión del repaso de datos, se afirma que, aunque la fó...

  19. Tratamiento del pie equino

    OpenAIRE

    Robles, Fernanda

    2012-01-01

    El pie equino varo es una patología frecuente en los pacientes con Encefalopatía crónica no evolutiva (ECNE).Se observó que existe una mayor frecuencia en el sexo masculino. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, comparativo y secundario, durante el periodo de septiembre del 2006 a septiembre del 2011, con un total de 125 pacientes con Ecne, de los cuales se encontraron 101 con pie equino varo congénito. Objetivo: observar los resultados obtenidos en la rehabilitación del pie equino, en niños de ...

  20. Del Pasadismo al Futurismo

    OpenAIRE

    Agudo-Martínez, M. J.

    2003-01-01

    Uno de los habituales prejuicios a la hora de abordar el análisis del movimiento futurista, al igual que sucede con el constructivismo, es la consideración del contexto político en el que se desarrollaron ambas vanguardias. Sin embargo, y dejando a un lado un enfoque del arte con finalidad política de signo diverso, habría que insistir en el hecho de que posiblemente sean tanto el futurismo italiano como el constructivismo ruso, los movimientos que con mayor entusiasmo se manifestaron, en un ...

  1. Uranium exploration in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Premoli, C.

    1982-01-01

    The advantages to the developing countries of exploiting their uranium deposits in the next two decades to aid their own economic growth are considered. It is pointed out that in spite of the little known geology of these countries less sophisticated surveying methods have turned up large uranium deposits even in developed countries. Carborne surveys with simple crystal-detectors coupled to scintillators can be effective. Intelligent exploration in developing countries can be cheap due to low labour costs and less stringent environmental restraints and the uranium found could be sold to developed countries for their nuclear power programme. (U.K.)

  2. Countries and companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jenning, J.S.

    1990-01-01

    The trends and factors currently emerging are likely to have significant influence on the way the upstream oil and gas industry evolves in the coming decade. This paper discusses how these trends might influence events in the 1990s, particularly how they might influence relationships between host countries and companies in the oil industry. State owned companies will dominate the industry in resource terms. These statcos fall into three groups: a small group of technically able, financially sound, well-managed companies; a group of consumer statcos that have limited domestic production but significant domestic demand; a large group that are finding it difficult to maintain their production facilities in good standing to maximize recovery from their resources. This paper describes the future private sector as consisting of the Surviving Sisters and smaller, private companies very active in the upstream. How will these various players behave in the years to come? Conventional activity in the upstream will continue as companies seek to optimize their upstream portfolios

  3. Country risk analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    David, A.

    1992-01-01

    This paper reports that the oil industry has been an internationally based industry that has been heavily dependent on outside financing sources. Historically, financing came from investment houses that, in most cases, participated in the projects as equity investors. However, investment companies can no longer satisfy the capital requirements of the current high level of exploration and development activities. The current trend is to involve commercial banks on a purely lending basis. Commercial banks, by their nature, are risk averse. In the case of oil and gas exploration and production they are asked to take not only technical risk and price risk but geopolitical risk as well. Methods have been developed by commercial banks to reduce technical and price risks to point which enables them to be comfortable with a loan. However, geopolitical risks are more difficult to assess. The risk associated with many countries are the nationalization of the investment, new tax restrictions, restriction of currency movements, and/or revisions to the production sharing agreements

  4. Tanzania country study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1999-09-01

    Objectives of this study are to analyse the role of the land use sectors of Tanzania (especially forestry) on mitigation of greenhouse gases. Specific emphasis is placed on the relationship between forestry and energy supply from biomass, as well as other forestry products. This is a follow up study on an earlier effort which worked on mitigation options in the country without and in-depth analysis of the forestry and land use sectors. Analysis of the mitigation scenario has been based on Comprehensive Mitigation Analysis (COMAP). This study has analysed the forestry and land use sector behaviour on the basis of the current policies on land and environment. Furthermore three scenarios have been developed on the basis of what is expected to happen in the sectors, the worse scenario being a catastrophic one where if things takes the business as usual trend then the forest resources will easily be depleted. The TFAP scenario takes into account the implementation of the current plans as scheduled while the mitigation scenario takes into account the GHG mitigation in the implementation of the plans. A Comprehensive Mitigation Analysis Process (COMAP) has been used to analyse the GHG and cost implications of the various programmes under the mitigation scenario. (au) 30 refs.

  5. Country watch. Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turra, M D

    1994-01-01

    Persons who are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or who suffer from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) often have their civil rights violated in Brazil. To remedy this, the Candido Mendes College in Rio de Janeiro introduced a voluntary course, "AIDS - Legal Approaches", into its law curriculum. Incentive was provided by the college's Model Law Office (MLO), where students learn to defend the rights of people in need. Class size is about 25; law professors use recent magazine and newspaper articles, and documentation on lawsuits concerning persons with HIV to teach the class. Course topics include relevant civil law (suits against blood banks), contract law (suits against private health insurance companies which refuse to cover treatment expenses related to HIV or AIDS), family law, inheritance law, labor law (unjust dismissal of persons with HIV), criminal law (intentional transmission of AIDS), violations of basic human rights, and comparative jurisprudence and constitutional law (a comparison of Brazilian law in this area to the laws of other countries). Students, during their field practice periods at the MLO, provide legal assistance to persons with HIV. Approximately 150 cases have been handled, often with positive outcomes, to date. Clients hear about the program via television, radio, and newspapers. Materials and information about lawsuits handled by the MLO are available to other colleges and universities with the hope of stimulating the formation of similar programs elsewhere.

  6. Swaziland: country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrington, L

    1988-06-01

    Although Swaziland had been independent from colonialism for 20 years, a powerful monarch, King Mswati II, continues to control the country's political, religious, and social system. Swaziland has a population of 676,000, half of whom are under 15 years of age. The infant mortality rate is 105/1000 live births and 25% of children die before they reach their 5th birthday. Life expectancy is 54 years. Tribal chiefs, representing the king, hold and distribute about half of the national land. Most of the fertile land remains in the hands of white settler farmers. The concentration of income in foreign companies and urban centers has exacerbated poverty in rural areas. Depreciation of rand-linked local currency has boosted export earnings, but it has also raised the price of food and medical imports. Swaziland's main exports are sugar, wood pulp, chemicals, and fruit, most of which go to the UK and South Africa. The major food crops are maize, beans, groundnuts, and sorghum. About half of the working population is engaged in small-scale subsistence farming, but food yields are declining. The major producers are foreign companies attracted by Swaziland's low taxes and cheap labor supply.

  7. Preferencias del Turista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Luis Leiva Olivencia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente existen aplicaciones orientadas al turismo basadas en realidad aumentada, pero no integran técnicas de recomendación. Este articulo describe RAMCAT (Realidad Aumentada Móvil Contextual Aplicada al Turismo un modelo de guía turística, que recomienda puntos de interés, teniendo en cuenta factores como preferencias personales y atributos contextuales. Se presentan los componentes teóricos de la arquitectura propuesta, así como sus características, destacando la integración de diferentes sistemas de recomendación, que permiten añadir nuevos motores en el futuro. El articulo se centra en describir sus funcionalidades y el modulo correspondiente al sistema de recomendación basado en el perfil del turista. Otra característica importante del sistema propuesto es la retroalimentación del mismo mediante calificaciones del turista y su trazabilidad.

  8. Carta del Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eladio Proaño

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La millonaria contratación del futbolista David Beckham, un fenómeno del mercado, ha provocado cuestionamientos a los que se busca respuesta. Es tema de análisis el por qué el betseller "Harry Potter" ha causado tanta conmoción en la opinión pública. Respecto al periodista cibernético, se señalan los contornos del presente y atisban las posibilidades del futuro de esta nueva profesión. El tratamiento de los mitos de la prensa, los temores de la Ley mordaza venezolana y la brutalidad de los video juegos e Internet son temas de enorme interés. Se comenta las pocas veces que la prensa reflexiona sobre la comunicación corporal y la anorexia.

  9. Los muertos del Floreanismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Ayala Mora

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza el crimen político durante las primeras décadas de vida de la República del Ecuador. Específicamente centra su estudio en el período dominado por la figura de Juan José Flores, primer presidente del Ecuador. La inestabilidad política, la precariedad de las alianzas entre las élites regionales, la crisis económica generada por las guerras de Independencia, las conspiraciones y la violencia que caracterizaron al período de surgimiento de las repúblicas andinas hicieron del crimen político un “vicio de nacimiento”. El asesinato del general Antonio José de Sucre, la muerte de los miembros de la sociedad El Quiteño Libre, el homicidio de Juan Otamendi, entre otros, hicieron patente esta característica.

  10. Niveles del aprendizaje organizacional

    OpenAIRE

    Garzón Castrillón, Manuel Alfonso

    2005-01-01

    En la propuesta de modelo de aprendizaje organizacional (AO), la segunda variable se denomina niveles del aprendizaje organizacional ; los niveles de aprendizaje que contemplamos para nuestra investigación son: individual, de equipo, organizacional e interorganizacional.

  11. La escritura del Yo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Landaeta Mardones

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Si la creación de una imagen fidedigna del mundo fue la condición de la conquista cognitiva y económica de la tierra, las imágenes mediáticas circulan hoy en día a la manera de un montaje que organiza los sujetos como elementos de un territorio. En esta presentación abordaremos el cruce entre estos dos hechos, entre la escritura del mundo y la de los sujetos, a partir de la idea de Fabulación para mostrar otra escritura del mundo y del yo, leyendo textos e imágenes de la Primera buena Corónica y Buen Gobierno de Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala.

  12. Consideraciones alrededor del Libro del Almismo, el Libro del Pensar.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MartaLucía Tamayo Fernandez

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available

    La doctora MarthaLucía Tamayo comparte muchas inquietudes alrededor del Libro del Almismo, el Libro del Pensar; de dónde salió ese nombre; de juntar en medicina y en genética a tres escritores como lo son Jorge Luis Borges, Macedonio Fernández y Julio Cortázar. Su conferencia dice así:

    El término almismo fue ideado por Macedonio Fernández porque defendía mucho el ensimismamiento y el pensamiento hacia el interior, mirar hacia adentro; cada uno somos un “sí mismo” que nos hace diferentes aunque al mismo tiempo podemos ser iguales. Todos tenemos esa parte interior que la medicina debe trabajar y que no puede olvidar.

    “El Libro del Almismo, el libro del pensar” nos lleva a replantear y a repensar un poco la medicina que queremos, una medicina vuelta a pensar.

    Quiero contarles la historia de cómo se llegó a este libro y por qué y para qué se sigue trabajando en estos temas: Después de mi internado y de un trabajo un poco triste de rural, volví al Instituto de Genética y a la Universidad Javeriana en donde encontré al doctor Bernal y un espacio que estaba buscando para esa medicina diferente que quería, con un grupo de personas que me permitía no sólo ver la medicina sino ver muchas otras cosas más; había espacio para la literatura, para Mafalda, para hablar de niños, de locos, había incluso tiempo para hablar de medicina dentro del golf, de carros antiguos y de todo eso fui aprendiendo.

    Eso era lo que estaba buscando. Una medicina que diera espacios diferentes, que fuera más humanizada. Rápidamente me ubiqué y me quedé! No me arrepiento en lo absoluto de haberme quedado porque fue, ha sido y sigue siendo, una experiencia enriquecedora, de muchas vivencias importantes. Sabía exactamente dónde estaba y sabía que había que seguir rápido y había que trabajar muchos aspectos de esa medicina que estábamos buscando y de esa genética especial.

    Rápidamente empezamos a trabajar

  13. Actualidad del relativismo cultural

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Durá, Nicolás

    2013-01-01

    Este ensayo tiene tres propósitos. En primer lugar, propone examinar las relaciones entre etnocentrismo y relativismo. El etnocentrismo puede tomar tres formas distintas: a saber, la de una universalidad impostada, la del exotismo y la de un particularismo narcisista exacerbado. El relativismo cultural es una postura que asume la inconmensurabilidad de los conceptos y valores que deben ser considerados como válidos dentro de las imágenes del mundo definidas. En segundo lugar, se argumenta que...

  14. el Valle del Cauca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Humberto Ortiz

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se enfoca en la identi- ficación de aquellos factores estructurales que explican la pérdida de dinamismo económico de largo plazo en Colombia y, en particular, en el Valle del Cauca. Se examina la competitividad del Valle en relación con Colombia y con el resto del mundo. Se cuestiona la insistencia en una estrategia exportadora como dinamizadora del desarrollo económico. Se identifica que una gran parte de la población está excluida de los beneficios del desarrollo económico. Para construir un modelo de desarrollo que incluya a esta población se recomienda recuperar la senda de la industrialización, invertir en el capital humano (educación de alta calidad, salud, salubridad y nutrición, e invertir en infraestructura. La participación del Estado en estas inversiones sociales es necesaria para disminuir la desigualdad y aumentar el crecimiento económico.

  15. Espectroscopia del Cometa Halley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naranjo, O.; Fuenmayor, F.; Ferrin, L.; Bulka, P.; Mendoza, C.

    1987-05-01

    Se reportan observaciones espectroscópicas del cometa Halley. Los espectros fueron tomados usando el espectrógrafo del telescopio reflector de 1 metro del Observatorio Nacional de Venezuela. Se utilizó óptica azul, con una red de difracción de 600 lineas/min, obteniéndose una dispersión de 74.2 A/mm y una resolución de 2.5 A, en el rango espectral de 3500 a 6500 A. Seis placas fueron tomadas con emulsión IIa-O y dos con IIa-D. Los tiempos de exposición fueron entre 10 y 150 minutos. El cometa se encontraba entre 0.70 y 1.04 UA del Sol, y entre 1.28 y 0.73 UA de la Tierra. Las emisiones más prominentes en el espectro, son las del CN, C2, y C3. Otras emisiones detectadas corresponden a CH, NH2 y Na. Los espectros muestran un fuerte continuo, indicando un contenido significativo de polvo. Se detectó mayor intensidad del contínuo, en la dirección anti solar, lo cual es evidencia de la cola de polvo.

  16. Inventario nacional del uso actual del agua

    OpenAIRE

    Oficina Nacional de Evaluación de Recursos Naturales

    1984-01-01

    Establece como se emplea el agua en el Perú, teniendo en cuenta el tipo de uso, consuntivo y no consuntivo, discriminando según sea el destino: agrícola, pecuario, poblacional,industrial, minero, energético y pesquero, así como su localización geográfica; ello con la finalidad de que sirva de información básica para la planificación del desarrollo.

  17. Gerencia del cuidado-gerencia del servicio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Palmet Jiménez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La gerencia de este siglo debe estar plenamente identificada con la administración para planear, organizar, decidir y obtener resultados definidos, evaluados y alcanzados a través de las personas. Para poder gerenciar el cuidado se debe saber administrar. El objetivo de enfermería es cuidar; el objetivo de la gerencia es la conducción de la producción de bienes o servicios en las organizaciones. La gerencia del cuidado implica: motivación, creatividad, responsabilidad y ética por parte del cuidador y de quien cuida, claridad de actitud frente al ser y al qué hacer por parte del cuidador. Se puede concluir que la gerencia (administración, el cuidado (producto de calidad, el servicio (valor intangible, querer servir son un trinomio que deben ir de la mano de manera integrada para el logro de los objetivos propuestos por la organización de salud y de enfermería.

  18. Country watch: India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukhopadhyay, A; Sehgal, P N

    1995-01-01

    Linking more than 3000 health and development organizations, the Voluntary Health Association of India (VHAI) is one of the largest networks in the country. In 1990 VHAI began incorporating HIV/STD-related activities into its broader programs. An existing infrastructure for intersectoral collaboration in the areas of community health promotion, public policy, information and documentation, and communications facilitated inclusion of the new activities. Several VHAI departments collaborate in offering training courses, workshops, and seminars at the state and community levels to involve nongovernmental organizations and professional groups in HIV/STD prevention and counseling. More than 950 persons have been trained so far, including trainers of primary health care workers, family physicians, medical practitioners, social scientists, teachers, community volunteer workers, and youth leaders. Local experts act as training resource persons; materials produced locally, abroad, and by VHAI itself are used. Training facilities are offered free of charge to member organizations; VHAI also awards fellowships for field training and financial support for approved projects. VHAI suggests intervention measures to governmental and nongovernmental organizations related to drug users, youth, truck drivers, blood donors, and people living with HIV/AIDS. The information, documentation, and communications departments provide members with a wide variety of information, education, and communication (IEC) materials that can be translated into local languages: posters, folders, flip charts, stickers, and folk songs. VHAI advocacy issues that have been highlighted through the press include: confidentiality, protection against discrimination, the right of all persons to health care, and the need to make properly-equipped STD clinics available. VHAI has established sub-networks in Tamil Nadu (155 organizations) and Manipur (55 organizations) states. VHAI has found that incorporating HIV

  19. COUNTRY IMAGE VS. COUNTRY BRAND: DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denisa Adriana COTÎRLEA

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This article was written in order to provide an overview regarding the differences and similarities regarding two congruent, yet different concepts: country brand and country image. The geopolitical context and, implicitly, the current global context require a redefinition – or a more complex circumscription – of the “country image” and “country branding” concepts. In this paper, the author aimed to highlight the characteristics and particularities of the approached concepts in order to shape a framework of the context within these two operate; a brief analysis of the literature is presented, trying to emphasize the slight difference between the approached concepts

  20. Developed-developing country partnerships: Benefits to developed countries?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Shamsuzzoha B

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Developing countries can generate effective solutions for today’s global health challenges. This paper reviews relevant literature to construct the case for international cooperation, and in particular, developed-developing country partnerships. Standard database and web-based searches were conducted for publications in English between 1990 and 2010. Studies containing full or partial data relating to international cooperation between developed and developing countries were retained for further analysis. Of 227 articles retained through initial screening, 65 were included in the final analysis. The results were two-fold: some articles pointed to intangible benefits accrued by developed country partners, but the majority of information pointed to developing country innovations that can potentially inform health systems in developed countries. This information spanned all six WHO health system components. Ten key health areas where developed countries have the most to learn from the developing world were identified and include, rural health service delivery; skills substitution; decentralisation of management; creative problem-solving; education in communicable disease control; innovation in mobile phone use; low technology simulation training; local product manufacture; health financing; and social entrepreneurship. While there are no guarantees that innovations from developing country experiences can effectively transfer to developed countries, combined developed-developing country learning processes can potentially generate effective solutions for global health systems. However, the global pool of knowledge in this area is virgin and further work needs to be undertaken to advance understanding of health innovation diffusion. Even more urgently, a standardized method for reporting partnership benefits is needed—this is perhaps the single most immediate need in planning for, and realizing, the full potential of international

  1. Developed-developing country partnerships: benefits to developed countries?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syed, Shamsuzzoha B; Dadwal, Viva; Rutter, Paul; Storr, Julie; Hightower, Joyce D; Gooden, Rachel; Carlet, Jean; Bagheri Nejad, Sepideh; Kelley, Edward T; Donaldson, Liam; Pittet, Didier

    2012-06-18

    Developing countries can generate effective solutions for today's global health challenges. This paper reviews relevant literature to construct the case for international cooperation, and in particular, developed-developing country partnerships. Standard database and web-based searches were conducted for publications in English between 1990 and 2010. Studies containing full or partial data relating to international cooperation between developed and developing countries were retained for further analysis. Of 227 articles retained through initial screening, 65 were included in the final analysis. The results were two-fold: some articles pointed to intangible benefits accrued by developed country partners, but the majority of information pointed to developing country innovations that can potentially inform health systems in developed countries. This information spanned all six WHO health system components. Ten key health areas where developed countries have the most to learn from the developing world were identified and include, rural health service delivery; skills substitution; decentralisation of management; creative problem-solving; education in communicable disease control; innovation in mobile phone use; low technology simulation training; local product manufacture; health financing; and social entrepreneurship. While there are no guarantees that innovations from developing country experiences can effectively transfer to developed countries, combined developed-developing country learning processes can potentially generate effective solutions for global health systems. However, the global pool of knowledge in this area is virgin and further work needs to be undertaken to advance understanding of health innovation diffusion. Even more urgently, a standardized method for reporting partnership benefits is needed--this is perhaps the single most immediate need in planning for, and realizing, the full potential of international cooperation between developed and

  2. Determinantes del ingreso y del gasto corriente de los hogares

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz C., Manuel

    2004-01-01

    Este ensayo de investigación empírica analiza los determinantes del ingreso y del gasto en los hogares colombianos. Utilizando un modelo del ciclo de vida con datos de la encuesta de hogares de 1994 y 1995, muestra que el comportamiento del ingreso está afectado principalmente por las características demográficas del hogar y los rasgos socio ocupacionales de sus miembros. El comportamiento del gasto está determinado ante todo por el ingreso y, en menor medida, por las características sociales...

  3. Las fluctuaciones del nivel del mar durante el Cuaternario

    OpenAIRE

    Pousa, Jorge Lorenzo; Isla, Federico Ignacio; Schnack, Enrique Jorge

    2002-01-01

    Los cambios del nivel del mar han ejercido una fuerte influencia en la evolución del planeta y en la historia de la humanidad. En una escala de tiempo geológico, las variaciones de los niveles oceánicos han dejado un registro ampliamente distribuido en la forma de depósitos sedimentarios. El descenso del nivel del mar durante la Ultima Glaciación, que alcanzó unos 120 metros hace 18.000 años, permitió la emergencia del estrecho de Bering y la migración humana desde Eurasia hacia América. Se e...

  4. Archival Education in Scandinavian Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammet Hanefi Kutluoğlu

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Every country has responsibilities to provide the necessary personnel needed for their archival inheritance by education. Education can be shaped through tradition, historical inheritance and scientifi c necessities by defi ning the right educational method. Scandinavian countries have determined different education models based on their tradition, historical inheritance and requirements. In this article we focused on the formation of archival tradition, application of archival education in Scandinavian countries and the infl uence of the developments taking place in Europe on these countries. The relation between the archival education in European and Scandinavian countries is evaluated through a comparative method, and similarities to other countries are also evaluated. Finally, the present situation of archival education and the measures needed in this fi eld are taken into consideration.

  5. Dealing with the problem countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jones, R.W.

    1985-01-01

    The test of America's policies to prevent nuclear proliferation is the so-called problem countries, those states that pose the greatest risk of ''going nuclear.'' Most visible - and the source of greatest concern - are those countries which have developed or appear to be in the process of developing nuclear weapons capabilities. In addition to Pakistan, near-nuclear countries of note include India, Israel, South Africa, Argentina, South Korea, and Taiwan. Several other countries, including Iraq, Iran, Libya, and Brazil, seem to pose proliferation risks in the longer term. More problematic are countries, such as Mexico, that, although they seem to represent little or no proliferation risk themselves, pose difficult problems by challenging restrictions in nuclear export policy. The author examines US policy toward some of the problem countries, paying particular attention to Pakistan. The constants in US policy and the few changes wrought by the Reagan administration are noted throughout

  6. About human genome Acerca del genoma humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojica Tobias

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available The sequence ofthe human genome, an undertaking ofadvanced countries, is nearly complete. In fact The Human Genome Project has around 85% ofthe genome sequenced 4 times on the average, with an accuracy of roughly 1 in 1000 nucleotides. Celera Genomics, on the other hand, has 99% of the sequence of one person, with an accuracy of slightly less than 1 in 100. The Human Genome project trives to produce a physical map for public consumption following a step by step strategy, in which the researcher sequences short DNA fragments belonging to Iarger fragments of known relative
    position. Celera Genomics wants to have very rapidly a physical map which can be quickly used to develop genetic tests and drugs, which can be later sold. We feel that the sequence ofthe human genome is something, which will widen the gap between advanced and backward countries.En este artículo se revisan los eventos, alrededor del secuenciamiento del genoma humano, que han llevado a tanta excitación en los medios noticiosos y académicos en meses recientes. Se explican las estrategias que han llevado a que tengamos dos borradores diferentes pero complementarios, la estrategia llevada a cabo con el dinero
    de los contribuyentes que consiste en establecer el orden de fragmentos grandes de DNA antes de ser secuenciados y la estrategia llevada a cabo con dineros aportados por la industria privada, con la intención de explotar gananciosamente el conocimiento derivado del genoma humano. El genoma humano a mediados del año 2000 es
    un borrador incompleto que cubre aliededor del 85% de la secuencia con una precisión de un error en 1000 y el 99% de la secuencia con una precisión menor de 1 en 100 nucleótidos, También se discuten algunas de las posibles avenidas del genoma ensanchará la brecha entre países avanzados y atrasados.

  7. Hungary country study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uerge-Vorsatz, D.; Fuele, M. [eds.

    1999-09-01

    Hungary recognises the importance of limiting greenhouse gas emissions in order to prevent or mitigate their impact on the global climate. On an international level, Hungary is not a significant carbon dioxide emitter, neither to the absolute degree nor on a per capita basis. This means that the principal reason for Hungarian participation in emission`s reduction is not perceivable international consequences but solidarity and participation in the common action of the countries of the world. Hungary is a signatory to both the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto protocol. However, the (Hungarian) National Environmental Program also emphasises that the fulfilment of international conventions must happen at a level and pace reasonable for Hungary. The goal of this study is to investigate the potentials, costs and implementation strategies of greenhouse gas abatement in Hungary. First presented is a background of Hungary`s economy and a summary of the economic transitions in Hungary. A brief description of the Hungarian energy sector is included, with a short summary of carbon dioxide emissions, and of the Hungarian forestry sector. The following chapter is devoted to the development of baseline scenarios, from bottom-up and top-down perspectives. In the chapter on mitigation, the spectrum of energy efficiency measures in the residential and public sectors is discussed. Fifteen specific measures, whose impact is considered important, are selected and discussed in detail. The cost curves are developed for the discussed mitigation options. Then, we discuss the issues related to the implementation of energy efficiency measures in the Hungarian residential and commercial sectors. After a general background and a framework on the implementation of the energy efficiency measures in the sectors chosen, we elaborate on the practicality of these concepts. As a case study, the concept and the feasibility of carbon/energy taxes are examined. To complete the

  8. Nuclear energy for developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kemery, L.S.

    1980-01-01

    This paper examines the circumstances which must prevail before a reasonable technical, administrative and sociological case can be made to justify the introduction of nuclear power technology to a developing country. The role played by the IAEA in responding to needs of developing countries is considered and problems of nuclear plant safety and materials safeguards discussed. Plans for nuclear power in several developing countries are outlined

  9. Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Indices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-02-01

    Since 2003 Ernst and Young team has been releasing quarterly data that ranks national renewable energy markets, and their suitability for individual technologies. The Country Attractiveness Indices now track the relative attractiveness of 30 countries' renewable energy markets across a selection of technologies each quarter. The Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Indices publication scores and comments on various technologies, including: on-shore wind, off-shore wind, solar PV, solar CSP, biomass, and geothermal.

  10. Nuclear medicine in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kremenchuzky, S.; Degrossi, O.J.

    1991-01-01

    The economic crisis through which developing countries are passing means that every field of endeavour must adapt to new realities imposed by each particular's country's situation. Public health is no exception, although it is obviously a priority field in view of the repercussions which social and economic phenomena can have on the health of a country's inhabitants. This article briefly considers ways in which nuclear medicine facilities in Argentina may be improved

  11. Culture at the Country Level

    OpenAIRE

    Maseland, R.K.J.; Hoorn, A.A.J. van; Herk, H. van; Torelli, C.J.

    2017-01-01

    This chapter introduces and critically discusses the idea of measuring the culture of countries and cross-national differences therein. We start by elaborating the theoretical foundations for studying culture at the country level. We highlight the use of countries or nations as a unit of analysis and pay special attention to the way in which a group-level construct such as culture has implications at lower levels of analysis, affecting the values and beliefs of individuals. After briefly trac...

  12. La imagen del pase.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernando Bernal.

    1999-11-01

    Full Text Available A partir de un texto del poeta Octavio Paz llamado «La imagen», se busca proseguir la equivalencia entre las imágenes de la poesía y la función que ellas tienen para el poeta, y el fantasma fundamental y su función para el analizante que está en el momento del pase. Se parte de la idea de que la poesía busca entrar en el ser así como el psicoanálisis tiene como finalidad apuntar al corazón del ser del sujeto. Se hace entonces una distinción del concepto de «ser» para el psicoanálisis, haciendo alusión también al discurso de la filosofía. Esclarecido el sentido de lo que es el «ser» para el psicoanálisis, se aborda de lleno – entre otras cosas, relacionadas con la experiencia del pase específicamente- la equivalencia entre la definición que hace Octavio Paz de «La Imagen» y el momento del pase en el análisis de un sujeto, imagen que, al igual que el mito para la filosofía, las leyes para la ciencia y el matema para el psicoanálisis, se constituyen en los instrumentos con los que cada una de estas disciplinas horadan en lo real.

  13. Challenges faced by cervical cancer prevention programs in developing countries: a situational analysis of program organization in Argentina Retos de los programas de prevención de cáncer cervicouterino en países en desarrollo: análisis de situación de la organización del programa en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvina Arrossi

    2010-10-01

    cervical cancer.OBJETIVO: Realizar un análisis de la situación actual de las actividades de prevención del cáncer cervicouterino en Argentina, específicamente con respecto a los siguientes aspectos: a el marco organizativo de las actividades de prevención del cáncer cervicouterino; b la cobertura de la prueba de Papanicolaou; c la organización de los laboratorios de citología; y d el seguimiento y el tratamiento de las mujeres que presentan lesiones anómalas. MÉTODOS: Se llevó a cabo un análisis de la situación actual de los programas provinciales de prevención del cáncer cervicouterino a partir de los datos de un cuestionario ad hoc enviado a los directivos de los programas en las 24 provincias de Argentina. Además, en cada provincia se examinaron las directrices del programa provincial, los informes estadísticos, las leyes y los reglamentos de los programas, y se entrevistaron algunos directivos clave. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron datos de 19 de las 24 provincias argentinas. Cuatro de las 19 provincias no tienen instaurado ningún marco programático formal. La citología convencional es la prueba de tamizaje que más se utiliza y, en general, el tamizaje es oportunista. El intervalo recomendado entre las pruebas de resultado normal es de 3 años en la mayoría de las provincias y la edad a la que se indica efectuar el tamizaje en las distintas provincias se ubica entre los 10 y los 70 años; sin embargo, el tamizaje anual o bianual es la práctica habitual una vez que la mujer comienza a mantener relaciones sexuales. Ninguno de los programas provinciales pudo aportar datos acerca de la cobertura de la prueba de Papanicolaou. La mayoría de los laboratorios de citología no disponen de una política de control de calidad. Es muy variable el número de pruebas de citología cervical que llega a cada laboratorio (entre 650 y 24 000 por año. La mayoría de las provincias carece de un registro de acontecimientos relacionados con la detección y el tratamiento

  14. La transizione dell’Est Europa verso la libertà religiosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federica Botti

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Contributo sottoposto a valutazioneSOMMARIO: 1. Stati a democrazia socialista, ateismo di Stato e libertà religiosa - 2. Dalla pentarchia patriarcale all’evoluzione della nozione di territorio canonico - 3. Sulla restituzione dei beni confiscati: vecchi conflitti e nuove prospettive - 4. Le Conferenze ecumeniche e la pacificazione tra le Chiese cristiane - 5. I problemi aperti: il rapporto della Chiesa cattolica con la Chiesa ortodossa del patriarcato di Mosca - 6. Le prospettive di azione comune delle Chiese nella difesa dei valori etici.

  15. Renewable Energy Country Profiles. Caribbean

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-09-15

    IRENA Renewable Energy Country Profiles take stock of the latest developments in the field of renewables at country level around the world. Each profile combines analysis by IRENA's specialists with the latest available country data and additional information from a wide array of sources. The resulting reports provide a brief yet comprehensive picture of the situation with regard to renewable energy, including energy supply, electrical generation and grid capacity, and access. Energy policies, targets and projects are also considered, along with each country's investment climate and endowment with renewable energy resources. The energy statistics presented here span the period from 2009 until 2012, reflecting varying timelines in the source material. Since data availability differs from country to country, wider regional comparisons are possible only for the latest year with figures available for every country included. Despite the time lag in some cases, the evident differences and disparities between countries and regions around the world remain striking. The current package of country profiles is just a starting point. The geographic scope will continue to expand, and existing profiles will be enhanced with new indicators, with the whole series maintained as a live product on the IRENA website (www.irena.org)

  16. Nationalism in third world countries

    OpenAIRE

    Abugattas, Juan

    1982-01-01

    Hay, en cada época, verdades evidentes que se prefieren ignorar. En la nuestra, una de esas verdades es que la división territorial del mundo es producto del azar y de la pugna de intereses, y que nada hay necesario o inherente en ella. Así, real o supuestamente ignorantes, concebimos las fronteras y actuamos frente a ellas como si fueran límites sagrados, linderos fijados por poderes semidivinos de manera definitiva. Algunos, los menos, ciertamente se benefician con el carácter sagrado de lo...

  17. Indonesia country report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murni Soedyartomo Soentono, Tri [National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia - Batan, Radioisotopes and Radiopharmaceuticals Development Centre, Pasar Jum' at, Cinere Raya, 12570 Jakarta (Indonesia)

    2008-07-01

    Several nuclear research are currently operation in Serpong, Jakarta, Bandung and Yogyakarta; these facilities has been in operation step wisely and having strong link with various universities and laboratories within the country (30 MW in Serpong, 2 MW in Bandung, Cyclotron CS-30 Serpong, Accelerator Yogyakarta, Irradiator Co-60). Public Acceptance: Further more the routine activities of the public information by WiN regarding the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, especially to the immediate environment of the NPP candidate site are indeed of important steps. Future of nuclear power: Since 1990's, Indonesia planned to build NPP station in Jepara to anticipate future energy crisis. Indonesia National Energy Policy has four main objectives: - Securing the continuity of energy supply for domestic use at price affordable to the public, - Enhancing the life quality of the people, - Stimulating economic growth, and, - Reserving an adequate supply of oil and gas for expert to provide source of foreign exchange to fund the national development program. Nuclear Waste Management Policy: Law no 10/1997 on nuclear power became the basic policy in management of radioactive waste The only national agency dealing with radioactive substances, BATAN possesses all data and information concerning the use of nuclear power. Radioactive waste management is particularly earmarked for maximum protection of living creatures, the environment and its ecosystems. In order to guarantee maximum safety and protection, all parties involved in the acquisition of radioactive materials should abide by the ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) principle. In order to achieve radioactive waste management that complies with the principle of sustainable development, technological applications should be technically and economically viable for maximum protection of the environment and safety from any potential nuclear hazards, now and in future. The application must also be accepted by the community

  18. del Estado Aragua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joselys Cintia Zerpa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Diagnostica la situación actual de los bienes que conforman al patrimonio histórico-cultural del Municipio Zamora, Estado Aragua, Venezuela. La Investigación es descriptiva y de campo, comprendió la elaboración de un inventario de los bienes inmuebles, festividades religiosas y manifestaciones artesanales del municipio. Se estudiaron la condición física y uso actual de estos bienes y los planes y proyectos existentes. Analizó el marco normativo que los rige. Se obtuvo la opinión de los representantes de organismos públicos relacionados con la actividad turística del Municipio, de los visitantes, cronistas e historiadores. Aportes: La mayoría de los bienes se encuentran en buen estado de conservación, Las manifestaciones culturales, festividades y la artesanía se desarrollan periódicamente pero no son aprovechadas turísticamente, Se determinó que existe un marco normativo para tales bienes y No existen propuestas actuales referentes a estos bienes. Se reflejó el interés de los sectores institucional y privado para la incorporación de estos bienes a la oferta turística del Municipio y del Estado

  19. APOSTILLAS ACERCA DEL POSTRABAJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Torrecilla

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available El más reciente debate en torno al postrabajo transforma la herencia de los dos ciclos que le precedieron desde los años setenta. El primero se correspondía con la crítica de la división social y técnica de labores informada por una filosofía de la alienación o bien por una rectificación de la arquitectónica marxista pero salvaguardando la promesa laborista del buen trabajo. El segundo ciclo hacía eco del rechazo a las cadenas de montaje fordistas y se abría al horizonte de la abolición del trabajo salarial, manteniendo sin embargo el abolengo del sujeto unitario de la historia. La presente escena asume una densidad mayor, producto del encuentro entre las nuevas tecnologías informacionales, las discusiones en el ámbito de la sociología y la antropología, de la tecnología y la ciencia, junto al dueto que inaugura el posmodernismo.

  20. Apostillas acerca del postrabajo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Torrecilla

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available El más reciente debate en torno al postrabajo transforma la herencia de los dos ciclos que le precedieron desde los años setenta. El primero se correspondía con la crítica de la división social y técnica de labores informada por una filosofía de la alienación o bien por una rectificación de la arquitectónica marxista pero salvaguardando la promesa laborista del buen trabajo. El segundo ciclo hacía eco del rechazo a las cadenas de montaje fordistas y se abría al horizonte de la abolición del trabajo salarial, manteniendo sin embargo el abolengo del sujeto unitario de la historia. La presente escena asume una densidad mayor, producto del encuentro entre las nuevas tecnologías informacionales, las discusiones en el ámbito de la sociología y la antropología, de la tecnología y la ciencia, junto al dueto que inaugura el posmodernismo.

  1. La universidad del futuro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FERNANDO SANCÉN CONTRERAS

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo señala la necesidad de reconstruir la Universidad, dado el dinamismo que muestra la ciencia y la sociedad, pues trae consigo cambios sustanciales en la visión del mundo y en el aumento del poder del hombre sobre la naturaleza. Se analizan los supuestos epistemológicos de la universidad tradicional y se propone una nueva explicación del conocimiento humano, enfatizando el conocimiento científico. Postula una docencia fundada en las propiedades de la ciencia, cuyo método inductivo basado en los paradigmas vigentes: analítico, crítico, pragmático, ofrece una herramienta para la docencia, la investigación y la difusión de la cultura. Se propone una educación centrada en el sujeto que se hace a sí mismo (etopoiética y que insiste en el proceso de auto-creación del individuo y de la sociedad.

  2. Significado presente del CSIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garrido Gallardo, Miguel Angel

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    Este artículo, elaborado en 1999, ofrece una panorámica de la realidad del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas en la actualidad. Repasa su organización, su volumen de publicaciones, sus indicadores de productividad, su capacidad de obtener recursos y, en suma, su lugar en el conjunto del sistema español de Ciencia y Tecnología, considerado en sí mismo y en relación con la Universidad. Como conclusión del repaso de datos, se afirma que, aunque la fórmula del CSIC, como organismo nacional e interdisciplinario, no es la única posible, la organización del Estado de las Autonomías, así como la evaluación de los datos con que se cuenta, la hacen vivamente recomendable. No hay, pues, sino que seguir con su desarrollo.

  3. Dalt del tren

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaume Subirana

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Ens consta que la saviesa popular hi toca més del que a aquest temps d’enquestes, telèfons mòbils i targetes de crèdit li ve de gust admetre, per això em fa gràcia, en veure la pausada però continuada intrusió de la cultura catalana a Internet, recordar les cançons de quan era petit: “Dalt del tren, tots anem-hi dalt del tren, hi ha lloc per tota la gent”, dèiem, i “El tren pinxo de Banyoles és el més bonic que hi ha, ple de llaunes i cassoles i barrets de capellà”. I resulta que per una vegada a la vida hem pujat, efectivament, dalt del tren que passava per l’estació de Catalunya i en cinc anys hem passat de gairebé res a prou pàgines amb un contingut, a més, apreciable i, sobretot, a un petit teixit de persones i institucions que han entès la importància de la revolució comunicativa que Internet representa i que hi teixeixen i projecten webs amb el convenciment dels conversos.

  4. Las carreras del futuro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Piscoya Hermoza

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available La primera década del siglo XXI ha estado signada por un énfasis en los estudiosde prospectiva, los mismos que, a partir de procesos de complejizacióny articulación de la sociedad planetaria como son la digitalización, el progresivodeterioro del medio ambiente, la necesidad del cambio de la matriz energéticay la globalización del mercado, han ensayado hipótesis para identificar lastendencias que se fortalecerán y profundizarán durante las próximas décadas.Desde el punto de vista metodológico, existen muchas maneras de clasificarlaspara conceptualizarlas y entenderlas mejor. Sin embargo, considerando lanaturaleza de esta edición nos proponemos enfocar directamente aquellas queestán estrechamente ligadas a la formación universitaria.Naturalmente, no pensamos que estamos ante tendencias inevitables en lamedida que epistemológicamente la creencia en leyes históricas deterministases insostenible y la práctica social nos muestra que la construcción del futuroes nuestra responsabilidad y siempre rebasa las mejores previsiones.

  5. Do all countries grow alike?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, J. W. B.; Economidou, C.; Koetter, M.; Kolari, J. W.

    This paper investigates the driving forces of output change in 77 countries during the period 1970-2000. A flexible modeling strategy is adopted that accounts for (i) the inefficient use of resources, and (ii) different production technologies across countries. The proposed model can identify

  6. Ukraine : Country Procurement Assessment Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2001-01-01

    The main objectives of the country procurement assessment are to diagnose the public procurement system in Ukraine, assess compatibility of the country's laws, policies and procedures with international best practices, review compliance with the procurement laws and regulations and identify areas for improvement of the procurement system in Ukraine. With due recognition of the considerable...

  7. Rural poverty in transition countries

    OpenAIRE

    Macours, K; Swinnen, Jo

    2006-01-01

    This paper uses new poverty data based on household level surveys to analyze changes in rural poverty and rural-urban poverty differences in 23 transition countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the firmer Soviet Union. The paper presents a series of hypotheses to explain differences across countries and changes over time.

  8. List of High risk countries

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Francine Sinzinkayo

    2013-07-26

    Higher Risk Countries and Territories. Reviewed regularly. Last update: July 26, 2013. Country/Territory. Note (1). Sources of Concern. Canadian. Law or. Policy. Knowledge of research setting. Ability to monitor research activities. (Note 2). Operational. Issues. (Note 3). Banking. Restrictions. (Note 4). Afghanistan. X. X.

  9. Natural gas in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holwerda, B.

    1998-01-01

    Everywhere in the world plans are being made to stimulate the natural gas industry in developing countries. High investment costs are the biggest problem almost everywhere. Even countries with a closed economy realize that they do not get far without foreign capital. Cases are presented for Africa, Pakistan, and Indonesia

  10. Energy problems in developing countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tasugi, Hirosaburo [Japan Industrial Tech. Association, Tokyo, Japan

    1989-06-20

    In order to rid the people's living of poverty in developing countries, first, the production of food has been planned to increase. And then, resource development and industrialization have been tried to improve with efforts. Because of such development and an increase in population, energy consumption has been increasing. Advanced countries have supported these countries in many ways, however, there is much difference in their assistance depend on various situations such as racial, religious, and political ones. Moreover, a gap between cities and farm villages has widen since infrastructure has not been fully equipped in developing countries. The electrification ratio is used as an index to show the degree of development in developing countries. It is low in the countries where development is lagging, particularly in farm villages. This gap is an urgent problem that faces developing countries. In order to cope with the actual conditions, advanced countries including Japan should be plan to reinforce their technological and economic assistance more suitable for farm villages. Furthermore, they should also improve the assistance system which includes a measure for environmental pollution control, considering the spot directly. 3 figs., 14 tabs.

  11. Photovoltaic marketing in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Muntasser, M.A.; Bara, M.F.; Quadri, H.A.; El-Tarabelsi, R.; La-azebi, I.F.

    2000-01-01

    Photovoltaic (PV) insolation-harnessing is acknowledged as the most practical economic solution to meet the requirements of one hundred million people without electricity in the developing countries. Industrialised countries in particular, have been active in utilising such technologies because they can afford the current peak watt prices of US $3-15 for such systems. The market in those countries will soon be close to saturation and attention by suppliers will have to be shifted to the already established larger market in less developed countries (LDCs). PV marketing in these developing countries, i.e. ability to penetrate the potential market, is facing tremendous hurdles. This paper reviews the present status and future directions of the PV market in developing countries as well as discusses the current technical, social, financial or geopolitical barriers and constraints, which are in line with the trends in the world. The paper concludes by making a global policy package proposal, in terms of an appeal on the global community concerned with PV to propagate proposal, in terms of an appeal on the global community concerned with PV to propagate this proposal more convincingly, perhaps to emanate from an internationally recognised 'forum', like a PV conference and exhibition, with cooperation and participation of PV manufacturers, suppliers, industrialised countries, NGOs, financial institutions and developing countries. (Author)

  12. Globalization : Countries, Cities and Multinationals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McCann, Philip; Acs, Zoltan J.

    2011-01-01

    McCann P. and Acs Z. J. Globalization: countries, cities and multinationals, Regional Studies. This paper explores the relationship between the size of a country, the size of its cities, and the importance of economies of scale in the modern era of globalization. In order to do this, it integrates

  13. Componente Cultura del Agua del PMGRH: plan de trabajo

    OpenAIRE

    Autoridad Nacional del Agua; Proyecto de Modernización de la Gestión de Recursos Hídricos

    2012-01-01

    Describe el plan de trabajo del Componente Cultura del Agua del Proyecto de Modernización de la Gestión de Recursos Hídricos (PMGRH) en relacion a dos aspectos estructurales del proyecto: 1. Mejora de la capacidad de la Gestión Integrada de Recursos Hídricos (GIRH) a nivel nacional y 2. Fortalecimiento de las capacidades de GIRH en las cuencas.

  14. En busca del concepto de gerencia del cuidado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligia Teresa Mora-Delgado

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Este articulo, presenta los conceptos de gerencia del cuidado de enfermería, desarrollado por las enfermeras profesionales que laboran en le Empresa social del estado Hospital Universitario Erasmo Meoz de las Ciudad de Cúcuta, desde su desempeño en la asistencia, administración y docencia. Se pretende además precisar los elementos gerenciales, sociales, humanísticos y éticos que deben hacer parte del concepto de gerencia del cuidado.

  15. LA PERSISTENCIA DEL SUBALTERNO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Beverley

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es el texto literal de una ponencia presentada en un panel sobre los estudios culturales latinoamericanos en el congreso de LASA en 2001 en Washington DC. Representa la posición desarrollada en el trabajo colectivo del llamado Grupo de Estudios Subalternos Latinoamericano, desde nuestra fundación en 1992 hasta la disolución del grupo en 2001, que sirve como pretexto introductorio para la ponencia. Los otros participantes en el panel eran Walter Mignolo, representando los estudios poscoloniales, Néstor García Canclini y John Kraniauskas, representando los estudios culturales, y Nelly Richard representando la llamada crítica cultural. El trabajo dialoga y debate con cada una de estas posiciones respectivamente desde el punto de vista específico de los estudios subalternos. Concluye con un llamado a una crítica del saber académico en sí.

  16. Acalasia. Controversias del tratamiento

    OpenAIRE

    Restrepo P, Antonio J; Rey T, Mario H; Garzón O, Martín A; Farfán Q, Yesid A; Molano V, Juan C; Marulanda, Juan C; Lizarazo, Jorge I

    2007-01-01

    La acalasia es un desorden motor del esófago caracterizado por pérdida de la peristalsis esofágica con falta en la relajación o relajación incompleta del esfínter esofágico inferior (EEI) (1). La causa exacta de este trastorno es desconocida. Los síntomas más comunes son disfagia, regurgitación, pérdida de peso y dolor torácico (2). La manometría esofágica es el principal método diagnóstico, mostrando aperistalsis del cuerpo esofágico con aumento de la presión, falta de relajación o relajació...

  17. Procedimiento Del Triple Fin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar L. Bellido Aguilera

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Presenta un procedimiento novedoso basado en un método dialéctico - sistémico - integrador, que facilita la precisión de los fines u objetivos más generales de un proceso de desarrollo comunitario o de otros procesos de cambio deseados (un proyecto sociocultural, una investigación social, un proceso de mejoramiento organizacional, etc.. Su importancia radica en que los fines, según Marx, son una guía que rige como una ley la actuación del hombre y determinarlos es parte esencial del planeamiento del cambio. Se trata de un asunto aparentemente simple, sin embargo, en la práctica es mucho más problemático de lo que comúnmente se cree.

  18. A comparative analysis of the changes in nursing practice related to health sector reform in five countries of the Americas Análisis comparativo de los cambios en la práctica de la enfermería relacionados con la reforma del sector de la salud en cinco países americanos

    OpenAIRE

    Edilma B. Guevara; Elnora P. Mendias

    2002-01-01

    Objective. To identify changes in nursing practice and the nursing-practice environment that have occurred with implementation of health sector reform in five countries in the Americas. Methods. An exploratory study of selected settings in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, and the United States of America was conducted between 1997 and 1999 to collect narrative data from 125 professional nurses about their perceptions of nursing practice and changes in work environments. Descriptions of ch...

  19. Japan country report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morisaki, Rieko [Energy Communication Planning, 3-9-16 Aobadai, 818-0137 Dazaifu (Japan)

    2008-07-01

    1. Nuclear 2007 highlights: - A magnitude 6.8 earthquake occurred in Niigata on July 16 2007. Owing to this earthquake, 3 units operating and 1 unit during start-up were shutdown automatically at TEPCO's Kashiwazaki-Kariwa NPS. Now, all 7 units of the NPS are in an outage for investigation. This influenced the capacity factor of Japanese NPPs in FY 2007, which stood at just 60.7%. - Debate on global warming is more and more active in Japan, as it is the host country of the G8 Hokkaido Toyako Summit in July. The Japan Atomic Energy Commission released 'White Paper on Nuclear Energy 2007' in March 2008. In the paper, they first expressed the view that the expansion of the peaceful use of nuclear energy is indispensable. 2. Nuclear overview: a. Energy policy: Electricity share: 25.4% of nuclear. The energy policy of Japan aims at nuclear power generation being maintained at the current level (30 to 40% of the total electricity generation) or increasing even after 2030, for stable energy supply and as a countermeasure against global warming. - Nuclear Fuel Cycle: The active tests at the JNFL reprocessing plant in Rokkasho-mura are in the final phase for commercial operation in 2008. By FY 2010 Plutonium utilization in LWRs in 16 to 18 NPP units. Around FY 2010 Installment of new centrifuges at the uranium enrichment plant at Rokkasho-mura. In FY 2012 Start of commercial operation of MOX fuel fabrication plant. Fast-breeder reactor cycle: Operation of the prototype reactor 'MONJU' has been suspended since a secondary sodium leak in 1995. JAEA (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) completed full-scale remodeling work and is implementing various tests to confirm the capabilities and soundness of MONJU. They aim to start its operation within FY 2008. Around 2025 Building a demonstration FBR. Before 2050 Development of a commercial FBR. - Electricity production (Operating): BWR: 32 units (including 4 units of APWR), PWR: 23 units. - Electricity production

  20. Business ethics in developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.J. Rossouw

    1992-03-01

    Full Text Available Underlying this paper is the conviction that it is of the utmost importance that business ethics should indeed become an integral part of business culture in all, and therefore also in developing countries. It is not to be denied that business ethics has to a much larger extent become pari of the business culture' in developed countries than in developing countries. The primary aim of this paper is to provide an explanation for the fact that business ethics is fighting an uphill battle in becoming pari of the business culture in developing countries. Secondly, a thumbnail sketch is given of the preconditions that have to be fulfilled in order to stimulate the development of a moral business culture in developing countries. In order to achieve these goals I will focus mainly on Africa, and more specifically on South Africa.

  1. Efecto del silicio y plaguicidas en la fertilidad del suelo y rendimiento del arroz

    OpenAIRE

    Furcal-Beriguete, Parménides; Herrera-Barrantes, Alejandra

    2013-01-01

    Efecto del silicio y plaguicidas en la fertilidad del suelo y rendimiento del arroz. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto del silicio en la fertilidad del suelo, la incidencia de enfermedades y plagas insectiles, el rendimiento y la calidad de granos del cultivo de arroz. El estudio se realizó en La Vega, Florencia, San Carlos, Costa Rica entre mayo y octubre en los años 2010 y 2011, en el mismo lote con la variedad CR 4477. Se establecieron cinco tratamientos: silicio al suelo, ...

  2. Storia del pensiero matematico

    CERN Document Server

    Kline, Morris

    1999-01-01

    Costruita con l'intento di presentare le idee oltre ai protagonisti della matematica, questa storia ha il duplice pregio dell'esaustività e della chiarezza. Essa prevede infatti vari livelli di lettura: lo specialista vi trova una messe di dati, fonti e spunti di ricerca, mentre lo studente ha a disposizione un formidabile strumento di consultazione e sintesi. L'arco temporale coperto è vasto: dalla Mesopotamia a Euclide, da Fibonacci all'invenzione del calcolo infinitesimale, da Gauss a Poincare, con un'appendice dedicata agli sviluppi piu recenti scritta appositamente per la prima edizione italiana del 1991, nei «Manuali» Einaudi.

  3. La escritura del quechua

    OpenAIRE

    Authier, Martine du

    2015-01-01

    La mayor fantasía ha acompañado siempre la transcripción del quechua. El primer intento de sistematización fue el sistema de la Paz, en 1953. Sin embargo, no existe en el comercio un diccionario satisfactorio en lo que se refiere al quechua del Cusco y, prácticamente, nada se edita en quechua, fuera de algunos trabajos antropológicos bilingües. Bajo la égida de la UNESCO, la Academia Peruana de la Lengua Quechua, que tiene su sede en el Cusco, ha colaborado en un diccionario de doce de los tr...

  4. El lenguaje del cerebro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Ibáñez Molina

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available La introducción de nuevas técnicas de análisis de ritmos EEG en estudio de la comprensión del lenguaje permite explorar esta habilidad humana desde una perspectiva de integración de grupos de redes neuronales. Los ritmos de disparo neuronal que generan estos grupos pueden conectarse por sincronía formando unidades funcionales transitorias distribuidas en diversas áreas del cerebro. En esta revisión comentamos algunos de estos ritmos y su relación con el lenguaje.

  5. Plasticidad del sistema nervioso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. M. Garcia-Segura

    1976-06-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se revisan los conocimientos más recientes sobre el fenómeno de la plasticidad del sistéma nervioso, tanto a nivel morfológico como a nivel fisiológico y molecular. Se estudian los cambios morfólogicos y fisiológicos de las neuronas frente a la experiencia. Tambien se considera la adaptación molecular del sistéma nervioso a la información que recibe como la base de todo tipo de plasticidad.

  6. Las causas del desempleo

    OpenAIRE

    García Balbás, Salomé

    2014-01-01

    En este documento vamos a tratar de dar respuesta a la siguiente pregunta: ¿cuáles son las causas del desempleo? Para ello realizaremos un repaso de las principales teorías económicas del desempleo llegando a la conclusión de que existe una causa fundamental que lo genera: la rigidez de los salarios a la baja. Consideramos el desempleo como la existencia de un exceso de oferta en el mercado de trabajo y haremos alusión, únicamente, a la existencia de desempleo involuntario. La exposición de l...

  7. Inventario del Archivo del conde de Bornos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Antonio Porras Arboledas

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Mi primer contacto con esta Casa se remonta a algunos años atrás, cuando me Mamó la atención un documento muy interesante, publicado a comienzos del presente siglo por el ilustre erudito ubetense don Alfredo Cazaban, por el que los Reyes Católicos hacían merced a su secretario y jefe de la artillería real durante la Guerra contra Granada, Francisco Ramírez de Madrid, personaje madrileño de origen cántabro, de una heredad en término de Jaén —el cortijo de Bornos— por sus grandes esfuerzos en la conquista de las plazas, hasta el momento inexpugnables, de Cambil y Alhabar. Posteriormente, al realizar un estudio sobre el régimen señorial en el Reino de Jaén, intenté localizar los archivos de las diferentes casas nobiliarias asentadas en esta provincia, gracias a lo cual pude saber que la documentación del Condado de Bornos se hallaba en Madrid, bien en la Biblioteca Nacional o en el Archivo Histórico, ya que el actual Conde, el Excmo. Sr. Don Ignacio Ramírez de Haro, así me lo comunicó en marzo de 1983.

  8. EGNOS: è ora di usarlo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Bernardini

    2006-04-01

    anche dell’applicazione descritta nella rubrica Reports di questo stesso numero, vogliamo evidenziare alcuni aspetti del sistema che non ci sembra ancora ben apprezzato a livello utente e due prospettive note come SISNET ed ESA ALIVE.

  9. NOTES AND GLEANINGS / NOTE E CURIOSITÀ

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    però potuto prevedere il ruolo e l'utilità del cinema nella didattica delle lingue straniere. L'uso di materiali audiovisivi e di film in particolare è una prassi ormai consolidata nell'insegnamento delle lingue e i numerosi libri ed articoli scritti su questo argomento presentano un'ampia panoramica di prospettive, alcune orientate ...

  10. Competencia Desarrollo del Pensamiento Creativo

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez, Eric; Miceli, Francisco; Tiburcio, Georgina; Gómez, Orlando

    2012-01-01

    1. ¿Qué significa la competencia Desarrollo del Pensamiento Creativo? 2. ¿Por qué es relevante que adquiera la competencia Desarrollo del Pensamiento Creativo en mi formación? 3. ¿Cómo aprendo la competencia Desarrollo del Pensamiento Creativo? 4. ¿Cómo aplico la competencia Desarrollo del Pensamiento Creativo? 5. ¿Cómo puedo autoevaluar mi competencia (con miras a un constante crecimiento)?

  11. La Iglesia Universal del Reino de Dios en Europa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilton Cezar Pereira Pinto

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El proceso por el cual la Iglesia Universal del Reino de Dios (IURD se ha expandido por decenas de países, incluso Portugal e Inglaterra, es un capítulo importante de una de las principales transformaciones religiosas de finales del siglo XX: la transformación del petencostalismo en religión global y el cambio del centro, no sólo numérico, sino también del impulso expansionista internacional, para regiones distantes de los centros históricos del protestantismo._____________ABSTRACT:The process by which the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God (IURD has spreaded in dozens of countries, including Portugal and England, is an important part of a major religious transformation of the late twentieth century: the transformation of petencostalism in Global religion and the creation of more centres. It is also analized the international expansionist impulse toward regions far away from the historical centers of Protestantism.

  12. A growing demand in emerging countries. Millennium development goals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahm, Peter [PA Energy (Denmark)

    2007-06-15

    This presentation is basically about the Millennium Development goals and its relation to the Photovoltaic Power System Programme (PVPS) of the International Energy Agency (IEA). In the first part, there are mentioned the following aspects: objectives and mission of the PVPS, situation in the rural electrification, relation between the sustainability of the energy and the development of a country, targets of the Millennium Development Goals concerning the developing countries, among others. Then, there are shown some comparison charts having data related to this topic, among there are going to be found: percent of the population without electricity access, estimated off-grid installations, etc. Finally, there are mentioned the Publications of Photovoltaic Systems for Developing Countries (PVSDC) [Spanish] Basicamente en esta presentacion se habla acerca de los objetivos de Desarollo del Milenio y su relacion con el programa de Sistemas Fotovoltaicos (SFV) de la Agencia Internacional de la Energia (AIE). En la primera parte, son mencionados los siguientes aspectos: objetivos y mision del programa de SFV, situacion de la electrificacion de zonas rurales, relacion entre la sustentabilidad de la energia y el desarrollo de un pais, objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio en relacion con los paises en vias de desarrollo, entre otros mas. Enseguida, se muestran algunos cuadros comparativos, los cuales contienen informacion relacion con este tema, entre los que se pueden encontrar: porcentaje de la poblacion que no cuenta con electricidad, estimado de numero de instalaciones aisladas de la red, etc. Finalmente, se mencionan las publicaciones de los sistemas fotovoltaicos para los paises en vias de desarrollo (PVSDC por sus siglas en ingles)

  13. Ruptura del projecte parental i disposició dels preembrions

    OpenAIRE

    Farnós Amorós, Esther

    2010-01-01

    La tesi doctoral "Ruptura del projecte parental i disposició dels preembrions" analitza els efectes del consentiment a les tècniques de reproducció assistida prestat en el marc d'un projecte parental. La tesi ofereix una resposta als conflictes que enfronten exesposos o exconvivents en relació al destí dels preembrions sobrants d'un cicle de fecundació "in vitro" iniciat durant la relació. Aquests conflictes constitueixen un grup de casos al voltant del qual no hi ha solucions legislatives qu...

  14. La equinoterapia en las distintas alteraciones del desarrollo del menor.

    OpenAIRE

    Chamorro González, Mireya

    2015-01-01

    La equinoterapia consiste en la utilización del caballo como un método terapéutico para rehabilitar a personas con discapacidad. Esta terapia es considerada una gran alternativa para aumentar el autoestima de los que sufren algún tipo de discapacidad, también a través de esta terapia se mejora y fortalece el estado emocional, así del mismo modo ayuda a mejorar la manera de desenvolverse en su entorno social. Esta terapia se realiza a través de la trasmisión del calor corporal del caballo, del...

  15. Gestión del riesgo del cambio (segunda parte)

    OpenAIRE

    Zorrilla Salgador, Juan Pablo

    2004-01-01

    Segunda parte del artículo acerca del uso de futuros sobre el tipo de cambio. Esta continuación abarca estrategias, definiciones, metodología y explicaciones sobre todo lo relacionado con el Ratio de cobertura de los futuros y la aparición del riesgo base.Segunda parte del artículo acerca del uso de futuros sobre el tipo de cambio. Esta continuación abarca estrategias, definiciones, metodología y explicaciones sobre todo lo relacionado con el Ratio de cobertura de los futuros y la aparición d...

  16. El plan del delta - Holanda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Equipo

    1963-09-01

    Full Text Available Holland is very poor in land resources. Hence its development has been directed towards intensive industrialization and maximum agricultural exploitation. The western part of the country is below sea level and is occupied by 65 percent of the population. Originally the coast consisted of a number of islands, estuaries and slight elevations. Man has transformed this coastline, first making a number of artificial lakes, or polders, and then converting these into fertile districts. These projects protect the soil by means of dykes, which require careful conservation, but even so violent floods are not infrequent. One of the difficult problems involved in this vast enterprise is the complex system of water supply, lines of communication and flow of the rivers into the sea along the estuary zone. This zone is on the south west, and to protect it a National Commission has been set up. After careful study, it was decided that the best defense against the violence of the sea would consist in closing off the inroads of the sea into the continental coastline. The set of hydraulic projects which constitutes this plan for the improvement of the sea defences will take 25 years to fulfil. The general project is highly ambitious and includes both maritime, road and structural works, in which there is a variety of stonework constructions. This paper describes, in brief outline, the main contents of the 11 headings into which the general construction project has been subdivided. In addition, this is supplemented with information on the projects which are already initiated and on the constructional procedure that is being adopted. Of these latter projects, the Nabla bridge is of particular interest. It is situated on the delta. It is made in prestressed concrete, and consists of 17 spans, of 60 length each. This enormous structure, in addition to its great length, and supporting a 22.8 ms wide roadway, is subjected to the tremendous forces 11» of the sea on one

  17. Alcohol fuels for developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bhattacharya, Partha

    1993-01-01

    The importance of alcohol as an alternative fuel has been slowly established. In countries such as Brazil, they are already used in transport and other sectors of economy. Other developing countries are also trying out experiments with alcohol fuels. Chances of improving the economy of many developing nations depends to a large extent on the application of this fuel. The potential for alcohol fuels in developing countries should be considered as part of a general biomass-use strategy. The final strategies for the development of alcohol fuel will necessarily reflect the needs, values, and conditions of the individual nations, regions, and societies that develop them. (author). 5 refs

  18. Business Cycles in Developing Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rand, John; Tarp, Finn

    2002-01-01

    This paper demonstrates that developing countries differ considerably from their developed counterparts when focus is on the nature and characteristics of short run macroeconomic fluctuations. Cycles are generally shorter, and the stylized facts of business cycles across countries are more diverse...... than those of the rather uniform industrialized countries. Supply-side models are generally superior in explaining changes in output, but a “one-size fits all” approach in formulating policy is inappropriate. Our results also illustrate the critical importance of understanding business regularities...

  19. Absenteeism in the Nordic countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løkke Nielsen, Ann-Kristina; Eskildsen, Jacob Kjær; Jensen, Troels Wendelboe

    2007-01-01

    and Sweden. Employees working in the public sector, more specific the municipalities, have a higher level of absence compared to the private sector. According to the personal characteristics, women are more absent than men in all Nordic countries, but the effect of age differs according to the country...... in question. If the manager however is a woman and the employee likewise, then the level of absence is higher in Denmark, Norway and Finland compared to the other gender constellations. Originality/value - Because of the lack of international comparative studies of absenteeism in the Nordic countries...

  20. del's Proof

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 12; Issue 5. Gödel's Proof - Incompleteness Theorems. S M Srivastava. General Article Volume 12 Issue 5 May 2007 pp 71-84. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/012/05/0071-0084. Keywords.

  1. Marketing Mix del Software.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudith del Carmen Rodríguez Pérez

    2006-03-01

    Por ello, en este trabajo se define el concepto de producto software, se caracteriza al mismo y se exponen sus atributos de calidad. Además, se aborda la mezcla de marketing del software necesaria y diferente a la de otros productos para que este triunfe en el mercado.

  2. Gerencia del servicio

    OpenAIRE

    Nancy Peña Acosta

    1992-01-01

    Estamos en la era de la pirámide invertida donde el cliente es primero por lo que es fundamental incentivar la calidad desde abajo; hacer que el trabajador defina su misión, sienta que es parte de la compañía para que la satisfacción del negocio realizado sea de todos.

  3. El Juego del Juego

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Nazaré Cristina

    2012-01-01

    DUVIGNAUD, Jean. El Juego del Juego. Santafé de Bogotá, Colômbia: Fondo de Cultura Econômica, 1997.The game gameDUVIGNAUD, Jean. The Game Game. Santafé de Bogotá, Colombia: Fondo de Cultura Econômica, 1997

  4. El helor del cuerpo

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez-Biosca, Vicente

    1992-01-01

    Ensayo sobre las formas clásicas y modernas de la metamorfosis. En esta figura mitológica se advierte de manera privilegiada la entrada del imaginario científico, biológico y genético en el dominio de las construcciones literarias y cinematográficas.

  5. Carta del Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eladio Proaño

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La publicación se centra en temas como: Procesos electorales en México e Italia, se analizan los procesos comunicacionales y sus efectos; las infiltraciones de las agencias de seguridad en la actividad periodística en Europa; la radio y la televisión pública en los EE.UU. Para conocer cómo la prensa enfrenta los problemas críticos entre países, esta el caso de Uruguay y Argentina (discrepancia por la planta de procesamiento de papel y la contaminación del Río de La Plata. Otro artículo refiere la difícil relación entre los medios de comunicación y el gobierno de Chávez en Venezuela. Se aborda el caso brasileño para entender el crecimiento de los Observatorios de Medios; otro sobre el crecimiento del "periodismo confidencial" en la web y la prensa gratuita. Se estudia el impacto de la telenovela "pasión de gavilanes". Para quienes interese la penetración del Internet está: "Usos y competencias del weblog en las corporaciones" más otro sobre la lucha sorda que mantienen los gigantes de la autopista de la información Google y Yahoo.

  6. Punctualizaciones del CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    "Viene de la pagina anterior. Puntualizaciones del CERN. La valoracion que me merece la aprobacion en el Consejo de Ministros el 24 de mayo de un acuerdo de colaboracion entre el MCYT y el CERN para el proyecto de neutrinos al Gran Sasso es positiva" (1 page).

  7. La "Historia del Arte" de Ernst Gombrich

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antón Capitel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Resumen

    El texto es una crítica del libro de Ernst Gombrich “Historia del  Arte”, obra antigua y traducida a muchos idiomas, pero que en 2011 ha publicado la edición de bolsillo en castellano. La crítica no entra mucho en el contenido, sólo en algunos aspectos, y se centra en los comentarios acerca de la antología de la historia del arte universal que el autor hace. Así se critica el hecho de la poca presencia del arte español, en general, y sobre todo de la poca presencia de la colección española de pintura en el Museo del Prado, la mejor pinacoteca del mundo. También, de la poco acertada elección de algunos ejemplos y de la sobreabundancia de referencias al arte de carácter menor del Reino Unido o de Holanda. El autor deplora igualmente la falta de sentido de las referencias a la arquitectura a partir del barroco, y, en cuanto al contenido, al mantenimiento de la vieja y ofensiva tesis de la  supremacía del arte de los países protestantes sobre el de los católicos.

    Palabras clave

    historia del arte, arte, arquitectura, crítica, referencias

    Abstract

    The text is a critique of Ernst Gombrich´s book “History of Art”, old work translated into many languages, which in 2011 was published as a pocket edition in Spanish. Rather than providing  a criticism of the content, only certain aspects are mentioned, the critique is centered around comments on the author´s choice of anthology taken from the universal history of art. In this way not only does the lack of presence of Spanish art in general come under particular criticism, but most of all the feeble  representation of the Spanish collection of the Prado museum, the finest gallery in the world. Under scrutiny also come the  unwise choice of several examples and the overabundance of British and Dutch art of a minor character. Similarly, the author deplores

  8. Software del sistema osteomioarticular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dianelys León Medina

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la aplicación en la enseñanza de las Tecnologías de la Informática y las Comunicaciones, es una de las líneas que ha trazado el sistema de salud cubano en estudiantes de las ciencias médicas. La anatomía es una de las ciencias que integra la disciplina de Morfofisiología y para facilitar su comprensión resulta necesario el empleo de recursos y estrategias, entre los que puede figurar un software educativo. Objetivo: diseñar un software sobre la anatomía del sistema osteomioarticular de cabeza y cuello para los estudiantes de primer año de la carrera de Estomatología de Pinar del Río. Material y método: se realizó un estudio cualitativo. Para obtener los resultados se utilizó el método materialista dialéctico. Para la dialéctica del desarrollo del proceso estudiado se utilizaron los métodos teóricos, empíricos, el estudio profundo del tema, tipo de plataforma a utilizar y criterios de los especialistas. Para su procesamiento se utilizaron técnicas estadísticas descriptivas e inferenciales no paramétricas. Resultados: debido a la necesidad de fortalecer en los estudiantes las habilidades en la utilización de las tecnologías de la informática y las comunicaciones, se elaboró el software de la anatomía del sistema osteomioarticular de cabeza y cuello "Aprendiendo anatomía" mediante imágenes, videos y textos. Conclusiones: el software constituye un aporte al proceso enseñanza aprendizaje, el cual facilita el trabajo independiente y autopreparación mediante la interactividad con el contenido, retroalimentación y evaluación utilizando medios de enseñanza modernos, lo cual tributa al modo de actuación del futuro egresado.

  9. Historia deldel = History of Padel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardino Javier Sánchez-Alcaraz Martínez

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo resume la historia del deporte deldel. Existen dos versiones sobre el origen deldel. La primera versión relaciona los antecedentes deldel con los de otros deportes de raqueta como el tenis o el bádminton, siendo su origen común el jeu de la paume francés. Posteriormente, surgen variantes en Estados Unidos como el Paddle Tennis y el Platform Tennis, siendo versiones reducidas del tenis, pero con elementos muy comunes al pádel actual. La segunda versión, aprobada por la Federación Internacional de Pádel, afirma que este deporte nació en México, en 1969, a través del empresario Enrique Corcuera.--------------------------------------------------------------------This research summarizes the history of paddle sport. There are two versions about the origin of paddle. The first version relates the history of paddle with other racket sports like tennis or badminton, and its common origin of the Jeu de Paume French. Later, in in the United States, appear two sports called Paddle Tennis and Platform Tennis, which are reduced versions of tennis sport, but these have lot of common characteristics with paddle. The second version, approved by the International Padel Federation, said the sport was born in Mexico in 1969, through the businessman Enrique Corcuera.

  10. Determinantes del ingreso y del gasto corriente de los hogares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muñoz C., Manuel

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo de investigación empírica analiza los determinantes del ingreso y del gasto en los hogares colombianos. Utilizando un modelo del ciclo de vida con datos de la encuesta de hogares de 1994 y 1995, muestra que el comportamiento del ingreso está afectado principalmente por las características demográficas del hogar y los rasgos socio ocupacionales de sus miembros. El comportamiento del gasto está determinado ante todo por el ingreso y, en menor medida, por las características sociales del hogar y el gasto de otros hogares con características similares. También examina la influencia de la incertidumbre acerca de los ingresos en el gasto de los hogares para comprobar si estos actúan con motivos de precaución.

  11. Estudio del CH interestelar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olano, C.; Lemarchand, G.; Sanz, A. J.; Bava, J. A.

    El objetivo principal de este proyecto consiste en el estudio de la distribución y abundancia del CH en nubes interestelares a través de la observación de las líneas hiperfinas del CH en 3,3 GHz. El CH es una molécula de amplia distribución en el espacio interestelar y una de las pocas especies que han sido observadas tanto con técnicas de radio como ópticas. Desde el punto de vista tecnológico se ha desarrollado un cabezal de receptor que permitirá la realización de observaciones polarimétricas en la frecuencia de 3,3 GHz, con una temperatura del sistema de 60 K y un ancho de banda de 140 MHz, y que será instalado en el foco primario de la antena parabólica del IAR. El cabezal del receptor es capaz de detectar señales polarizadas, separando las componentes de polarización circular derecha e izquierda. Para tal fin el cabezal consta de dos ramas receptoras que amplificarán la señal y la trasladarán a una frecuencia más baja (frecuencia intermedia), permitiendo de esa forma un mejor transporte de la señal a la sala de control para su posterior procesamiento. El receptor además de tener características polarimétricas, podrá ser usado en el continuo y en la línea, utilizando las ventajas observacionales y de procesamiento de señal que actualmente posee el IAR.

  12. Escribir a través de los géneros discursivos en el marco educativo basado en las competencias: el caso del País Vasco / Gender-based writing in the competency-based educational framework: the case of the Basque Country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mari Maro Boillos Pereira

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Conscientes de las carencias escritoras de los estudiantes en diferentes etapas educativas, la documentación en materia de educación del Gobierno Vasco (decretos y líneas metodológicas ha puesto de relieve esta problemática y ha mostrado su preocupación por mejorar la formación escritora de los estudiantes. La competencia comunicativa y, por extensión, las diferentes actividades comunicativas de la lengua, entre ellas, la expresión escrita, han pasado a ser esenciales no solo en las materias de lenguas, sino de manera transversal a todas las materias. En esta línea, este trabajo busca conocer las posibilidades que el enfoque basado en los géneros discursivos ofrece para dar respuesta a esta demanda formativa. Este enfoque defiende el uso de los géneros como eje para la construcción de tareas en las que se van desarrollando las habilidades para interactuar en una comunidad discursiva. La revisión realizada permite afirmar las posibilidades de aplicación de este enfoque en el marco del currículum vasco. Abstract: Aware of students’ lack of writing skills in different stages of education, the Basque Government's documentation on Education (decrees and methodological guidelines has highlighted this problem and has shown its concern to improve student writing. Communicative competence and, by extension, the different communicative activities of the language, including writing, have become essential not only in language subjects, but also transversely to all subjects. In this line, this work seeks to know the possibilities that the Genre-based Approach offers to respond to this teaching demand. This approach defends the use of genres as the axis for the construction of tasks in which skills are developed to interact in a discursive community. The review makes it possible to recognize the possibilities of applying this approach within the framework of the Basque curriculum.

  13. La pluridimensionalidad del rol del docente hospitalario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Serradas Fonseca

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es el fruto de la observación y la investigación en la trayectoria personal y profesional de la autora dedicada a la educación de niños y niñas en situación de enfermedad u hospitalización. El objetivo de este ensayo es intentar definir de manera específica, el papel, tareas y competencias que el profesional del ámbito educativo tiene en la atención educativa hospitalaria; haciendo especial énfasis en la importancia de la formación de este profesional abogándose por una preparación que permita brindar una atención educativa de calidad a los niños y niñas en situación de enfermedad u hospitalizados.

  14. Progress in the developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simnad, M.

    1981-01-01

    Nuclear programmes in selective developing countries are briefly discussed. The oil rich countries of Iraq, Libya and Iran all have reactors on order. Turkey has decided to purchase a PWR from the USSR and Egypt's programme anticipates a capacity of 6600 MWe by 2000. The current projections for India are 6000 MWe by 1990 and 20,000 MWe by 2000. The progress of Pakistan, South Korea and other Asian countries are discussed. The predicted growth in reactors and population in Latin America is considered - 17 reactors presently planned for a population of 340 million and 18-57 possible additions in 2000 for an estimated population of 600 million. The role of the IAEA and experience of some Western countries in technology transfer is discussed with the ambitious Spanish nuclear power programme and the experience of Argentina in purchasing Candu reactors. (author)

  15. social protection for developing countries

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nicola Smit

    challenges of informal economy workers in developing countries. This view. 5 ibid. ..... in the informal economy – an international and regional perspective” 2007 4 TSAR 700-715. ..... management – should be improved. In South Africa the ...

  16. Nuclear power in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morrison, R.W.

    1980-01-01

    A few of the essential issues which arise when we consider nuclear power and development together in the context of energy policy are discussed. Ethical concerns must ultimately be expressed through policies and their impact on people. There are ethical issues associated with nuclear power in the developing countries which deserve our attention. Four aspects of the question of nuclear power in developing countries are considered: their energy situation; the characteristics of nuclear power which are relevant to them; whether developing countries will undertake nuclear power programmes; and finally the ethical implications of such programmes. It is concluded that what happens in developing countries will depend more on the ethical nature of major political decisions and actions than on the particular technology they use to generate their electricity. (LL)

  17. Explaining nascent entrepreneurship across countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.R. Thurik (Roy); A.J. van Stel (André); A.R.M. Wennekers (Sander); P. Reynolds (Paul)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractThis paper aims at explaining cross-country variation in nascent entrepreneurship. Regression analysis is applied using various explanatory variables derived from three different approaches. We make use of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor database, including nascent entrepreneurship

  18. Child labour in developing countries

    OpenAIRE

    Dvořáková, Pavla

    2014-01-01

    Child labour in developing countries Abstract This bachelor thesis deals with the child labour and its occurence in developing countries. The main aim is to present the basic view of this problem. The term of child labour relies here on Convention on the Rights of the Child and conventions of International Labour Organization. There are several types of child labour, in which children appear most, including the worst forms of child labour. Every type includes description of activities perform...

  19. Transport in the Nordic countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gustafsson, B.; Pettersson, S.; Vilkamo, S.

    1989-01-01

    Transport of radioactive material from different fields of operation is well advanced in the Nordic countries: waste from the medical sector, industry, research, and now in increasing amounts from reactor operation, including spent fuel. In the future, waste from decommissioning will also be transported. This report gives the amount of radioactive waste material to be transported in the Nordic countries. Transport routes, transport containers, and transport systems are described. Legislations and transport regulatins are discussed. (author)

  20. Renewable Energy Country Profiles. Pacific

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-09-15

    The IRENA Renewable Energy Country Profiles take stock of the latest development of renewable energy in two regions where renewable energy can make a significant contribution to combat climate change and bring modern energy services to everyone: Africa and the Pacific. These two regions are presented separately in this volume and its sister publication. The country profiles combine elements of IRENA analysis with the latest information available from a vast array of sources in order to give a brief yet comprehensive and up-to-date picture of the situation of renewable energy that includes energy supply, electrical capacity, energy access, policies, targets, investment climate, projects and endowment in renewable energy resources. Because of the different timelines of these sources, data presented here refer to years between 2008 and 2012. Data availability also differs from country to country, which makes comparison with a wider regional group possible only for the year for which figures are available for all the members of the group; while this may not be the most recent year, the differences between countries, regions and the world remain striking. The current country profiles are just a starting point; they will be extended upon with new indicators to make them more informative, and maintained as a live product on the IRENA website as a key source of information on renewable energy.

  1. Renewable Energy Country Profiles. Africa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-02-15

    The IRENA Renewable Energy Country Profiles take stock of the latest development of renewable energy in two regions where renewable energy can make a significant contribution to combat climate change and bring modern energy services to everyone: Africa and the Pacific. These two regions are presented separately in this volume and its sister publication. The country profiles combine elements of IRENA analysis with the latest information available from a vast array of sources in order to give a brief yet comprehensive and up-to-date picture of the situation of renewable energy that includes energy supply, electrical capacity, energy access, policies, targets, investment climate, projects and endowment in renewable energy resources. Because of the different timelines of these sources, data presented here refer to years between 2008 and 2012. Data availability also differs from country to country, which makes comparison with a wider regional group possible only for the year for which figures are available for all the members of the group; while this may not be the most recent year, the differences between countries, regions and the world remain striking. The current country profiles are just a starting point; they will be extended upon with new indicators to make them more informative, and maintained as a live product on the IRENA website as a key source of information on renewable energy.

  2. ABC del Ajedrez. I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisel Piñeiro Gomez

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available La promoción del Ajedrez, su conocimiento y práctica por la población constituye uno de los programas de la Revolución, por tal motivo el presente trabajo está encaminado a proponer un material bibliográfico con variadas posiciones sobre el movimiento-captura de las piezas y los sistemas de notación para los masificadores de Ajedrez del municipio Pinar del Río. En esta investigación se utilizaron variados métodos: teóricos, empíricos y estadísticos, además, como método rector el dialéctico materialista. Constituye una novedad científica porque aporta un material bibliográfico que contiene: la composición,  disposición  e  identificación  del  tablero de  ajedrez;  identificación, colocación, movimiento y captura de las piezas de ajedrez; la promoción del Peón; el valor absoluto de las piezas; los sistemas de notación: descriptivo y algebraico. Se le incluyen más de trescientos gráficos, conceptos que son trabajados de lo simple a lo complejo de manera tal que el masificador de Ajedrez lo utilice en sus clases donde se viabilice el conocimiento gracias a las facilidades que le aporta el material; ofrece algoritmos que le guiarán a elaborar nuevas posiciones, los cuales son inexistentes para este propósito en otras bibliografías; su significación práctica radica en que proporciona, tanto al estudiantado como profesorado, ejercicios de ajedrez sencillos que les permitirá a los primeros para que les sirva en su comportamiento, y a los segundos utilizarlos en su auto preparación; el interés social se halla en que pueden ser utilizados por profesores, personal de apoyo a la docencia,  técnicos  del  INDER,  familiares  de  los  estudiantes  para  ayudarlos;  el interés educativo reside en que a través de esos ejercicios contribuimos al fortalecimiento de valores.

  3. Arco del milenio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adell, Josep Mª

    2005-02-01

    the most significant stages in the erection of the Millennium Arch outside the Palacio de Congresos, venue for the 12th IBMAC.
    These pictures are divided into six chapters: Background, Components, Springline, Piers, Arch, Centring Erection and Removal, and Trimming.

    A lo largo de la historia, el Arco de fábrica ha sido el componente constructivo más característico de la Arquitectura y la Ingeniería desde que después de sus inicios etruscos en la época romana fuera desarrollado adelantándose con ello a la cultura helénica.
    El Arco, desde entonces, viene empleándose como una solución constructiva eficiente para cubrir espacios con materiales que no soportan tracciones. La originalidad técnica del Arco lo ha llevado a imponerse como símbolo de las hazañas bélicas como era el Arco de Triunfo.
    En el cambio de siglo y milenio en el que nos encontramos, un salto técnico fundamental se desvela en este Congreso, el Sistema de Albañilería Integral, que abre la posibilidad de ampliar el campo de aplicación de la albañilería con la incorporación del acero, a través de las perforaciones de las piezas, lográndose por fin armar en las tres direcciones del espacio cualquier muro de fábrica que se desee.
    El Arco del Milenio conmemoró el 12th IBMAC de Madrid, mostrando en él los avances técnicos que el Sistema de Albañilería Integral permite, al tratarse de un arco inclinado en el espacio y, por tanto, el primer arco de fábrica construido fuera de la vertical, mediante fábrica de Ladriflor aparejada a tizón, reforzada con barras y cercos.
    El Arco del Milenio, diseñado por J.M. Adell (Presidente del 12th IBMAC, parte de un cilindro de 14 m de diámetro, inclinado 30º sobre el terreno, y construido con fábrica de ladrillo de un pie de grueso, alternando una hilada de color amarillo de cada seis en rojo. El hueco deja un paso libre de 10 m de lado y 5,5 m de altura. La fábrica está armada regularmente por tendeles con cerchas cada

  4. Pharmacovigilance activities in ASEAN countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suwankesawong, Wimon; Dhippayom, Teerapon; Tan-Koi, Wei-Chuen; Kongkaew, Chuenjid

    2016-09-01

    This study aimed to explore the current landscape and identify challenges of pharmacovigilance (PV) among Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries. This cross-sectional survey collected data from May 2014 to December 2015. Questionnaires seeking to collect information on resources, processes, roles and responsibility, and functions of PV systems were sent to relevant persons in the ASEAN countries. Functions of PV centers were measured using the minimum World Health Organization requirements for a functional national PV system. Performances of PV centers were measured by the following: (1) the indicators related to the average number of individual case safety reports (ICSR); (2) presence of signal detection activities and subsequent action; and (3) contribution to the global vigilance database. Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam completed the survey. PV systems in four surveyed countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand) achieved all aspects of the World Health Organization minimum requirement for a functional national PV system; the remaining countries were deemed to have unclear communication strategies and/or no official advisory committee. Average numbers of recent ICSR national returns ranged from 7 to 3817 reports/year/million population; three countries (Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand) demonstrated good performance in reporting system and reported signal detection activities and subsequent actions. All participating countries had submitted ICSRs to the Uppsala Monitoring Center during the survey period (2013-2015). Four participating countries had functional PV systems. PV capacity, functionality, and legislative framework varied depending on local healthcare ecosystem networks. Implementing effective communication strategies and/or technical assistance from the advisory committee are needed to strengthen PV in ASEAN. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright

  5. Determinantes del trabajo infantil y la escolaridad: el caso del Valle del Cauca en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Urueña Abadía

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Colombia, al igual que la mayoría de países latinoamericanos, consciente de las repercusiones sociales y económicas negativas del trabajo infantil, se ha comprometido en la lucha por la erradicación de este fenómeno. Prueba de ello es la ratificación por parte del gobierno colombiano en el año 2007, del Convenio 182 de la OIT sobre la Prohibición de las Peores Formas de Trabajo Infantil y la Acción Inmediata para su Eliminación. En el plano regional, como parte del Plan de Desarrollo del Departamento del Valle del Cauca 2008-2011, se está implementando actualmente una estrategia territorial de erradicación del trabajo infantil en sus 42 municipios. Considerando este panorama, este trabajo indaga cuáles son los determinantes del trabajo infantil y la escolaridad en el departamento del Valle a partir de los datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Calidad de Vida del año 2003. Para el análisis se emplea un modelo econométrico Probit Bivariado, que permite el estudio conjunto e interrelacionado de decisiones diferentes, en este caso la asistencia escolar y el trabajo.

  6. En defensa del indigenismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Huamán

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El indigenismo como movimiento literario, cultural, ideológico y políticoconstituye un hito, una referencia obligada de nuestra tradición culturaly literaria nacional. Su debate no se reduce ni limita a las primerasdécadas del siglo XX, etapa privilegiada en forma recurrente en los estudiosiniciales sobre esta corriente. Podemos afirmar, sin temor a equivocarnos,que no hay momento ni periodo, más o menos visible, en elque no se haya evaluado en forma crítica este acontecimiento, el mismoque ha resurgido con otras denominaciones o referencias (regionalismo,andinismo, mariateguismo, humalismo, etc., a lo largo de nuestro procesohistórico, pero imbuidas de la perspectiva inicial. El propósito deeste artículo es hacer una defensa del indigenismo contestando algunasposiciones contrarias como la de Mirko Lauer.

  7. RESPONSABILIDAD DEL ODONTOPEDIATRA

    OpenAIRE

    Guillen B., Celso

    2014-01-01

    La Responsabilidad de la atención del niño, requiere de una formación y preparación universitaria de la Segunda Especialidad en Odontopediatría para manejar organismos en proceso de crecimiento somático y psicológico. Es por eso que con el proceso de la ciencia se ha comprendido la importancia de la atención del niño desde que nace. Es así que se ha creado sistemas integrales de atención odontopediátrica durante los primeros años de vida, debido a la alta vulnerabilidad de contraer las enferm...

  8. Responsabilidad Constitucional del Gobierno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Zúñiga Urbina

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la responsabilidad constitucional del Gobierno y sostiene que es jurídico-política, de lejano cuño penal y administrativo, y el procedimiento empleado para hacerla efectiva es la acusación en juicio político, que es un típico caso de "justicia política". A la responsabilidad constitucional se suman las responsabilidades civil y penal de Derecho Público del Presidente de la República y sus ministrosThis paper analyses constitutional responsibility of the government and sustains that it is political and juridical, of distant penal and administrative inspiration, and that the procedure used for persecution is impeachment in political trials, demonstrating a typical case of "political justice." Added to the constitutional responsibility of the government are the civil and penal responsibilities of the President and minister's public law

  9. Infecciones del tracto urinario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Andrés Wurgaft, Dr.

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available La infección del tracto urinario (ITU, con sus múltiples presentaciones clínicas, está entre las enfermedades infecciosas más frecuentes, tanto en pacientes ambulatorios como hospitalizados. El uso del examen de orina completa y de urocultivo debe ser racional. La bacteriuria asintomática no debe ser buscada ni tratada, en parte porque esto favorece el desarrollo de bacterias resistentes a antibióticos. Distintos cuadros clínicos requieren de distintas duraciones de terapia antibiótica, y tanto el exceso de días de tratamiento como su falta deben evitarse. Se requiere investigación en la búsqueda de estrategias más efectivas para prevenir las ITU recurrentes y en el desarrollo de nuevos antibióticos orales para las ITU resistentes.

  10. Las cruces del olvido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Fernandes

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Les tragiques événements du « mars paraguayen » ont signifié la disparition de l’espoir en la transition démocratique dans laquelle le pays s’était engagé depuis presque une dizaine d’années. Renée Ferrer, poète, dramaturge, auteur de plusieurs recueils de contes et de deux romans, consigne alors le témoignage poétique de ce drame national dans le recueil Las cruces del olvido (2001. Elle a auparavant publié d’autres textes qui peuvent rentrer dans la catégorie de la poésie sociale : c’est le cas en particulier de Viaje a destiempo (1989 dédié aux victimes de la dictature. Las cruces del olvido, dès son paratexte, insiste sur la fonction de témoignage que l’auteur souhaite assigner à ses vers et sur le rôle que ceux-ci peuvent jouer dans la transmission d’une mémoire collective. La voix d’un jeune disparu de ce « mars paraguayen », le dédoublement qu’il subit et travers lequel il évoque son entrée dans la mort et son absence du monde des vivants, rendent possible l’écriture de cette expérience de l’indicible qu’est la disparition.Los trágicos acontecimientos del «marzo paraguayo» significaron la desaparición de la esperanza en la transición democrática que el país está viviendo desde unos diez años. Renée Ferrer, poeta, dramaturga, autora de varios libros de cuentos y de dos novelas, escribe entonces el testimonio poético de ese drama nacional en su poemario Las cruces del olvido (2001. Ya había publicado antes textos que se pueden considerar como poesía social: es el caso de Viaje a destiempo (1989 dedicado a las víctimas de la dictadura. Desde el texto apertural, Las cruces del olvido potencia la función de testimonio que la autora desea conceder a sus versos y el papel que éstos pueden desempeñar en la transmisión de una memoria colectiva. La voz de un joven desaparecido del «marzo paraguayo», el desdoblamiento que sufre y a través del cual evoca su entrada en la

  11. Carta del editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Sánchez Gutiérrez

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available La comunicación científica en México vive enormes retos ante la carrera de adaptar sus formas de comunicación a las nuevas tecnologías. No es tarea fácil convencerse de abandonar el papel y la imprenta para apostar por el código abierto. Sin embargo, esto es apremiante debido al retraso que se lleva en comparación con otras regiones.  Un reto muy evidente ha sido comprender el acceso abierto, reconociendo que este permite mayor visibilidad a la ciencia y que ayuda a evitar el plagio.  Razón por la que nos alegra que a partir del número 37, Mercados y Negocios cuenta con el ISSN electrónico, además del impreso

  12. Carta del Editor

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Eladio Proaño

    2015-01-01

    Henos aquí con un nuevo número de RIESED. Después de casi un año de ver la luz, y como lo anticipábamos en la carta del editor que acompañaba al número fundacional, hacer una revista electrónica no ha sido una tarea sencilla. Un año más tarde no podemos sino confirmar esa opinión.Gracias al decidido trabajo de los autores, revisores y miembros del equipo editorial hemos podido hacerlo. El proceso de revisión de los artículos ha merecido un cuidado, dedicación y tiempo especiales, que hicieron...

  13. Sonidos del Silencio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Rodríguez Carranza

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La novela ha muerto, afirmaba Alberto Moravia, popularizada, anexada y banalizada por el cine, la televisión, la prensa, la sicología y la sociología. Para Carlos Fuentes en cambio - quien cita a Moravia en 1969 – « lo que ha muerto es sólo la forma burguesa de la novela, el realismo » (17. Basta un viaje rápido por la red para verificar, sin embargo, que la víctima goza de buena salud y que no está confinada en la cultura de masas o en las ciencias sociales : el modelo realista del siglo XIX – y particularmente la creación de tipos representativos de una época, sean éstos promediales o excepcionales - constituye aún la principal preocupación de los escritores y críticos literarios del siglo XXI.

  14. del consumidor mexicano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Huitzilin Jiménez Torres

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Pese a que el 80% de la población del mundo vive en mercados emergentes y países en desarrollo, como México, la investigación sobre el consumidor de estos países ha sido insuficiente. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar el perfil del consumidor mexicano en función de variables psicosociológicas como el etnocentrismo, la apertura cultural, el patriotismo, el colectivismo y las características demográficas. Con este propósito se recogió la información de una muestra de 274 consumidores, se realizaron un análisis factorial de sus principales componentes y un análisis cluster con el cual se aglomeró a los individuos en tres grupos con diferentes perfiles psicosociológicos y demográficos.

  15. del noroeste murciano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma. Luz Tudela Serrano

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En la Región de Murcia se está realizando un esfuerzo por aumentar la producción de energías renovables en cumplimiento de los objetivos de Kyoto establecidos para España. Paralelamente, la percepción social acerca de las mismas preocupa cada vez más. En este trabajo, los ciudadanos opinan ante la necesidad de promover el uso e implantación de energías renovables en varias poblaciones afectadas del noroeste. Emplazamientos idóneos, la conservación de los valores naturales y paisajísticos del entorno y las necesidades socioeconómicas de la zona se suman a un uso racional de estas energías y un desarrollo tecnológico paralelo para alcanzar un desarrollo sostenible.

  16. Lo siniestro del enigma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Eugenia Diaz.

    1999-11-01

    Full Text Available En "El nacimiento de la filosofía griega", Giorgio Colli nos muestra una faceta tenebrosa del enigma. El dios Apolo, de naturaleza ilimitada, insondable, caprichosa, plantea al hombre enigmas que lo enfrentan con el sufrimiento y con la muerte. Allí, Edipo se confronta con enigmas enviados por el dios en los que se pone en juego su propia existencia. Tiempo después, en el transcurrir del siglo XX, reaparece una nueva forma de este dios arbitrario y arrogante: el desaparecedor de personas, ese inmoderado que impone moderación, borra con su acto un cuerpo, una imagen, un nombre, y formula un nuevo enigma siniestro que enfrenta otra vez al hombre con el dolor y con la muerte.

  17. Carta del Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eladio Proaño

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El aparecimiento del periodista digital y la educación superior en su formación, el cine indígena y la resistencia cultural, más los Grammy latinos, son temas protagónicos de este número. Se suman la prensa en el combate de piráticas corruptas, los errores de la comunicación del presidente URIBE en el referendo, el fútbol y las Relaciones Públicas en España, la libertad de prensa encarcelada, el Internet y la sociedad de la Información y México: profesiones emergentes para los comunicadores, completan la edición.

  18. Republic of Venezuela. Country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakkert, R

    1985-06-01

    Venezuela's current economic and demographic situation is described. Venezuela is a major oil country, and the oil industry accounts for 90% of the country's foreign exchange, 70% of the government's revenues, and 15% of the gross domestic product. The economy experienced a sudden and high rate of economic growth in the mid-1970s as a result of high oil prices; however, in recent years, declining oil prices have had a negative effect on the economy. The country is now faced with a serious trade deficit, and the government recently imposed restrictions on imports. Imports in recently years had increased markedly. The emphasis on the oil industry weakened the agricultural sector and, as a result, food imports increased. In addition, the rapid economic growth experienced during the 1970s greatly increased the demand for imported consumer goods. Venezuela has the 4th highest foreign debt in the world (US$35 billion). Despite these problems Venezuela has a relatively high per capita income (US$4,140) and living standard, compared to other countries in the region. Venezuela's total population is 14.6 million, and the population is unevenly distributed. 86% of the population lives in cities of 2500 or more. 37.4% of the population and 70% of the industry is concentrated in the Federal District which contains Caracas, and in the surrounding states of Aragua, Miranda, and Carabobo. This area constitutes only 2.36% of the country's territory. Most of the oil fields are located in the state of Zulia which also contains the country's 2nd largest city (Maracaibo). The country's coastal area contains most of the agricultural lands, and the prairies just south of the coastal mountain ranges are devoted primarily to cattle raising. The remaining 58.2% of the country's territory is essentially jungle and contains only 6.9% of the country's population. The annual population growth rate is 3.11%. Although the rate declined in recent years it is higher than in most of the other

  19. Cave paintings in the Barranc del Bosquet (Moixent, Valencia | Pinturas rupestres en el Barranc del Bosquet (Moixent, Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro S. Hernández Pérez

    1984-12-01

    Full Text Available Account is given of the finding of two caves containing schematic paintings in the Barranc del Bosquet (Moixent, Valencia. The subjects there pictured are analysed; among these, human figures outstand by their abundance and typological variety. Some considerations are brought up about chronology and meaning of this prehistoric artistic manifestation in the Valencian country. | Se da cuenta del hallazgo de dos abrigos con pinturas rupestres esquemáticas en el Barranc del Bosquet (Moixent, Valencia. Se analizan los temas representados, entre los que destacan por su abundancia y variedad tipológica las figuras humanas, y se realizan una serie de consideraciones sobre la cronología y significado de esta manifestación artística prehistórica en el País Valenciano.

  20. Percepcion multisensorial del sabor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Spence

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La investigación sobre la integración multisensorial de los estímulos auditivos, visuales y táctiles nos está ayudando a entender el funcionamiento de la percepción del sabor. Este conocimiento está teniendo ya un impacto sobre el diseño de alimentos y bebidas, desde los productos que compramos en un supermercado hasta aquellos que encontramos en los restaurantes con estrellas Michelin.

  1. Estado Nutricional del Yodo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernando Vargas Uricoechea

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: Los Desórdenes por Deficiencia de Yodo son un problema serio de salud pública, con cerca de 2 mil millones de personas a riesgo de padecerlos, pudiendo causar bocio neonatal, cretinismo, retardo mental, hipotiroidismo, entre otros. Estos desórdenes son aún prevalentes, y en algunos casos los esfuerzos para su erradicación se han traducido en aumento del riesgo de exceso poblacional de yodo y autoinmunidad tiroidea. En Colombia, se desconoce el estado real de yodo en la población. OBJETIVOS: Determinar la mediana de la yoduría en población escolar, y de los hábitos del consumo de sal, función y parámetros de autoinmunidad tiroidea, y cociente intelectual. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio basado en la comunidad, de corte transversal. Se evaluaron las variables sociodemográficas, la frecuencia de bocio y los niveles de TSH, anti-TPO, anti-Tg, anti-TSHR, yoduria, test de factor G de Cattell, y hábitos del consumo de sal. RESULTADOS: El consumo de sal promedio persona/día fue de 18,13 g. El 37,9% presentó bocio. 36,1% tenían un valor límite en el cociente intelectual. La mediana de yoduria fue de 510,3 μg/L. El 42,75% tuvo anti-TPO positivos, y el 2,87% anti-Tg positivos. El 10% presentó niveles de TSH elevados. CONCLUSIÓN: En escolares de zona urbana, hay un exceso en la mediana de yoduria, pudiendo explicarse por el alto consumo de sal. La alta prevalencia de autoinmunidad tiroidea y bocio, junto al alto nivel de la TSH, puede ser consecuencia del exceso en la ingesta de sal y de otros factores medioambientales/ hereditarios.

  2. El lenguaje del pensamiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Andreu Marín

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available ¿Somos capaces de interpretar las señales eléctricas que genera nuestro cerebro cuando estamos pensando? Lo que a priori parece ciencia ficción comienza a ser factible gracias a los avances recientes en técnicas de registro cerebral y en aprendizaje automático. Nos encontramos en el inicio de una nueva era en lo que al conocimiento del cerebro se refiere.

  3. Fundamentos del saber administrativo

    OpenAIRE

    Paola Podestá Correa; Juan Carlos Jurado Jurado

    2005-01-01

    El presente texto tiene por objetivo delimitar, de manera general, algunos de los conceptos más importantes del saber administrativo; en primera instancia, práctica administrativa y saber administrativo. Estos conceptos están ligados con los que en el texto se denominan fundamentos de la administración, estableciendo consensos sobre algunas expresiones comunes en el lenguaje administrativo, y contribuyendo a la comprensión de estos temas para los estudiantes de los primeros niv...

  4. Export opportunities in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sullivan, J.

    1992-01-01

    Developing countries will offer major opportunities to US exporters of energy and related environmental equipment in the next ten years. These opportunities arise because the markets in developing countries will be growing much faster than those in the developed countries during this period, and because these countries will not in most cases have strong domestic manufacturers to compete against. US technologies will help these countries solve their energy, environmental, and economic development problems, and help the US solve its serious trade balance problems. This market will represent over $200 billion between now and 2000. There are, however, many potential problems. These include a lack of focus and coordination among US government trade assistance organizations, a lack of interest on the part of US firms in exporting and an unwillingness to make the needed investments, barriers put up by the governments of potential foreign customers, and strong international competition. This paper describes how the United States Agency for International Development's (A.I.D.) Office of Energy and other US agencies are helping US firms resolve these problems with a comprehensive program of information, trade promotion assistance, and co-funding of feasibility studies. In addition, there are monies available to match unfair concessionary financing offered by our major competitors

  5. Nuclear power for developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kendall, J.; Kupitz, J.; Rogner, H. H.

    2000-01-01

    Nuclear power is a proven technology which currently makes a large contribution to the electricity supply in a number of countries and, to a much less extent, to heat supply in some countries. Nuclear power is economically competitive with fossil fuels for base load electricity generation in many countries, and is one of the commercially proven energy supply options that could be expanded in the future to reduce environmental burdens, especially greenhouse gas emissions, from the electricity sector. Over the past five decades, nearly ten thousand reactor-years of operating experience have been accumulated with current nuclear power plants. Building upon this background of success and applying lessons learned from the experience of operating plants, new generations of nuclear power plants have been, or are being developed. Improvements incorporated into these advance designs include features that will allow operators more time to perform equipment protection and safety actions in response to equipment failures and other off normal operating conditions, and that will reduce and simplify the actions required. Great attention is also paid to making new plants simpler to operate, inspect, maintain and repair, thus increasing their overall cost efficiency and their compatibility with the infrastructure of developing countries. The paper provides a discussion of future world energy supply and demand projections, current status and prospects for nuclear power, a short summary of advanced reactor concepts and non-electrical applications of nuclear energy for developing countries, and a review of the role of the IAEA. (author)

  6. Pharmaceutical policies in European countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barros, Pedro Pita

    2010-01-01

    Pharmaceutical expenditures have an important role in Europe. The attempts to control expenditure have used a wide range of policy measures. We reviewed the main measures adopted by the European Union countries, especially in countries where governments are the largest third-party payers. To complement a literature review on the topic, data was gathered from national reviews of health systems and direct inquiries to several government bodies. Almost all countries regulate prices of pharmaceutical products. Popular policy measures include international referencing to set prices (using as benchmark countries that have set lower prices), internal reference pricing systems to promote price competition in domestic markets, and positive lists for reimbursement to promote consumption of generics (including in some cases substitution by pharmacists of drugs prescribed by physicians). Despite the wide range of policy measures, it is not possible to identify a "silver bullet" to control pharmaceutical expenditures. We also identified two main policy challenges: policy coordination among countries within the European Union to maintain incentives for R&D at the global level, and the development of new relationships with the pharmaceutical industry; namely, the so-called risk-sharing agreements between the pharmaceutical industry and governments/regulators (or large third-party payers).

  7. [The Revista Médica del IMSS in the 2017 Healthcare Book Fair].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramiro-H, Manuel; Acosta-Pérez, L; Cruz-Aranda, J E; García-Damián, J J; Miguel-Reyes, R; González-Martínez, R

    2017-01-01

    On August, the second edition of the Healthcare Book Fair took place, sponsored by the Facultad de Medicina of UNAM. Again, the Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social participated with a stand where we promoted it, talked about the different indexes where our journal is included, explained its objective and scope, and finally talked about its nature as an open access journal, which is aimed to the clinical staff of the different health institutions of our country.

  8. Carta del Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Aguirre

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La crisis de la prensa Argentina a efecto del mal manejo de la economía y las finanzas, ocupa el tema central. Pasa revista a tres temas de actualidad: El aumento de cobertura y difusión de la prensa gratuita; los esfuerzos de los "viejos" diarios por cambiar de apariencia y el caso del diario estadounidense TODAY que hace veinte años dio un cambio revolucionario en la forma de hacer periodismo diario. Se analizan también temas como: el "carisma" de los líderes actuales, los acuerdos entre los medios de comunicación y el gobierno de México para la difusión de planes y programas oficiales y el rol de los medios en el proceso de establecimiento del ALCA. Agrega el tema controversial sobre la Ley de radiodifusión privada, vigente desde la época de la dictadura pinochetista. En este mismo campo de la Radio otro artículo señala las normas para "contar las noticias" con impacto e interés.

  9. Carta del Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Mantilla Jarrín

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este número, el módulo Dibujos Animados, recoge las experiencias del primer curso realizado por el CIESPAL con apoyo de la UNICEF sobre la producción de programas educativos y culturales que utilizan este recurso como una opción comunicacional. Se trata de nuevas tecnologías aprovechadas en Cuba y que pueden ser aplicadas en nuestros países. El módulo relativo al medio ambiente habla del periodismo ecológico con importante desarrollo en América Latina, tema de actualidad que requiere preocupación por parte de los medios de comunicación. Incluye entrevistas a Gunter Grass y Jesús Polanco. Gabriel Alba adentra a los lectores en una novedosa forma de usar las computadoras. En el módulo Debate se trata la Economía, cultura y comunicación; La publicidad vía televisión, La evolución del merchandising en las novelas brasileñas ¿Exigir Ética solo al periodista?

  10. Los felinos del canciller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Palacios

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available En la introducción a una de las obras más influyentes de la historiografía colombiana de nuestros tiempos, el autor, Luis Ospina Vásquez, advierte ciertas dificultades inherentes al oficio de historiar la economía: "Otros aspectos del tema son difíciles de tratar por otros motivos: no se puede citar, entre las causas del difícil adelanto económico de cierta región nuestra, llamada por la generosidad de la naturaleza a una gran riqueza; el hecho de que en ella la política se haya reducido con frecuencia a una pugna entre grupos de hampones[...] Y en el supuesto de que se pudiera dar tratamiento adecuado a lo que, al fin y al cabo, es cosa tangible, no muy difícil de percibir y de describir, faltaría aun dar entrada a un elemento sumamente importante, pero este sí difícil de captar y de transmitir: la 'atmósfera', las 'atmósferas' sucesivas del país y sus regiones, elemento esencial en la historia de la evolución económica.

  11. El Museo del Oro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraín Sánchez Cabra

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available El 22 de diciembre de 1939 el Banco de la República compró un objeto de oro de 777,7 gramos de peso y 23,5 centímetros de altura que dio origen al Museo del Oro. Era un poporo quimbaya, pieza maestra de la orfebrería prehispánica. Un objeto bello bello que levanta su bruñido vientre globular y su cuello coronado por cuatro cuerpos esféricos sobre una exquisita base de filigrana fundida, y parece flotar en un espacio propio. Quien lo contempla no puede menos que asombrarse, deleitarse y sentir admiración por sus artífices. Detrás de la compra del poporo había una clara preocupación oficial por proteger una riqueza que comenzaba a entenderse como parte del patrimonio nacional. Esta motivación se pone de manifiesto en una serie de documentos relativos a su adquisición.

  12. Carta del Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eladio Proaño

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Artículo de fondo es un ejemplo de una campaña exitosa de Relaciones Públicas realizada para rescatar a Medellín para el turismo, ahora herida de muerte por el narcotráfico. Reinicia el tema sobre el cine, recordando el aniversario del nacimiento de Luis Buñuel. Y sobre el Nuevo Orden Internacional de la Información, Luis Ramiro Beltrán da respuesta a las múltiples interrogantes planteadas en la controversia surgida alrededor del tema. Se da a conocer cómo era el periódico de ayer, de hoy y del futuro frente al desafío de las nuevas tecnologías. Se señala el camino para hacer publicidad en Internet. El Internet y la radio nuevos actores para un mismo mercado. Y para los interesados en la investigación se trata cómo y cuándo hacer sondeos flash y se cierra con el lenguaje periodístico cuándo el dequeísmo es lícito.

  13. comportamiento del consumidor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erico Rentería Pérez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza el posicionamiento exitoso de los profesionales, particularmente los jóvenes, a partir de las nuevas realidades del mundo y del mercado laboral, así como la empleabilidad como constructo, estrategias posibles y, finalmente, una discusión sobre falacias y realidades de discursos sobre mercado de trabajo profesional. La reflexión se liga a dos investigaciones, y a redes de discusión en Brasil y Colombia, que reflexionan sobre las implicaciones y requerimientos estratégicos que marcan el ingreso o permanencia en el mercado de trabajo de profesionales jóvenes, y se reconoce que esto afecta a otros tipos de profesionales. La investigación de Rentería (2006ª sobre Empleabilidad arroja información sobre las dos primeras partes. La de Enríquez y Rentería (2006 sobre Estrategias de aprendizaje y empleabilidad informa sobre la tercera. Apoyan la discusión elementos de psicología y comportamiento del consumidor. Se discute la inclusión social y calidad de vida por el trabajo.

  14. Carta del Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eladio Proaño

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abre la revista una retrospectiva de la crisis económica, política y social en la que se precipitó Argentina (2001-2002 y el tratamiento que dieron los medios a esta situación. En opinión se describe el significado de los nuevos paradigmas de Internet como: interactividad, personalidad, multimedialidad, hipertextualidad, actualización, abundancia y mediación. Responde a la cuestión de ¿cómo y cuándo en la prensa latinoamericana sigue imperando la prensa amarilla? Recoge en un artículo los factores que más inciden en el éxito o fracaso de una campaña política. Aborda la implantación de una nueva moneda única en la Unión Europea y sus incidencias. Destaca las consecuencias vividas por México tras el ataque terrorista del 11 de septiembre 2001 y analiza el tratamiento que los medios dan a las informaciones procedentes del Tercer Mundo en Europa. Contesta a la pregunta inquietante sobre las posibilidades del liberalismo económico para garantizar o contrarrestar la libertad de prensa y por último se aclara los mitos y realidades que se han tejido alrededor de Windows XP de Microsoft.

  15. Cancer epidemiology in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Whelan, S.L.

    2002-01-01

    It is estimated that there were over 10 million new cancer cases in 2000, 5.4 million of them occurring in the developing countries (Parkin et al, 2001). The marked geographical variation in cancer occurrence results in differing therapeutic priorities: North America has more new cancer cases than South-Central Asia, but there are more deaths from cancer in South-Central Asia, reflecting a different pattern of cancer rather than differences in prognosis. Prediction of future trends is difficult, but the impact of population increase and ageing will be significant, with an expected 63% increase in the population of the less developed countries in 50 years. Four sites of cancer namely breast, cervix, colorectal and nasopharyngeal carcinoma are reviewed, looking at their present and possible future importance in the context of developing countries and their aetiology

  16. Energy investment in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rovani, Y.

    1982-01-01

    The developing countries are likely to represent the fastest growing component of the global energy demand over the next two decades. The paper presents considerations based on the World Bank's approach to the energy sector in these countries. It is considered that an accelerated development of conventional indigenous sources of energy is absolutely vital if developing countries are to attain a satisfactory rate of economic growth. The cost of the energy investment, the power sector issues, the optimal use of the resources, the role of the external financing and the need of technical assistance are reviewed. One emphasizes the role of the World Bank in analyzing and preparing projects, and in mobilizing financing from other official and commercial sources

  17. Traditional Medicine in Developing Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsen, Rikke Stamp

    or spiritual healer and self-treatment with herbal medicine or medicinal plants. Reliance on traditional medicine varies between countries and rural and urban areas, but is reported to be as high as 80% in some developing countries. Increased realization of the continued importance of traditional medicine has......People use traditional medicine to meet their health care needs in developing countries and medical pluralism persists worldwide despite increased access to allopathic medicine. Traditional medicine includes a variety of treatment opportunities, among others, consultation with a traditional healer...... led to the formulation of policies on the integration of traditional medicine into public health care. Local level integration is already taking place as people use multiple treatments when experiencing illness. Research on local level use of traditional medicine for health care, in particular the use...

  18. Fundamental research in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moravesik, M.J.

    1964-01-01

    Technical assistance is today a widespread activity. Large numbers of persons with special qualifications in the applied sciences go to the developing countries to work on specific research and development projects, as do educationists on Fulbright or other programmes - usually to teach elementary or intermediate courses. But I believe that until now it has been rare for a person primarily interested in fundamental research to go to one of these countries to help build up advanced education and pure research work. Having recently returned from such an assignment, and having found it a most stimulating and enlightening experience, I feel moved to urge strongly upon others who may be in a position to do so that they should seek similar experience themselves. The first step is to show that advanced education and fundamental research are badly needed in the under-developed countries.

  19. Inestabilidad compleja del codo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Gabriel Díaz Carrillo

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available La inestabilidad compleja del codo es de reciente descripción y controversial en sus resultados; es el estado que se deriva del daño estructural y funcional, producido por la incongruencia de las superficies articulares y las estructuras ligamentosas que estabilizan el codo. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo prospectivo, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2011 y abril de 2013, en una muestra no probabilística de ocho pacientes (diez codos, seleccionados según criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Los objetivos fundamentales del estudio fueron: la actualización de conocimientos para el manejo de la enfermedad y la caracterización de los resultados obtenidos en los afectados por esta dolencia que fueron operados en el Hospital Dr. Ernesto Guevara de la Serna de la provincia de Las Tunas. Se analizaron los datos mediante técnicas estadísticas descriptivas y se realizó la evaluación clínica y radiográfica de los lesionados. El tratamiento se ejecutó según los hallazgos y consistió en: reparación ligamentosa, actuación sobre las partes óseas dañadas y colocación de osteosíntesis diversas. La edad promedio fue de 39,2 años y predominó el sexo masculino. A todos se les practicó reparación ligamentosa, siete cupulectomías y seis aplicaciones de cerclajes anti-distractores. Existieron dos reluxaciones y una sepsis local. La amplitud de movimientos fue aceptable dentro del rango compatible, con una buena función ergonómica; de acuerdo a las comparaciones bibliográficas actualizadas que se realizaron. La fijación y reparación de los estabilizadores del codo brindan buenos resultados funcionales. La sistematización en el manejo de la enfermedad, la detección de complicaciones y el arsenal terapéutico disponible son factores a tener en cuenta

  20. Nuevos usos del cemento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Páez Balaca, A.

    1977-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the evolution of the different systems of transporting and storing submarine oil and its by-products (petroleum gas and natural gas, is dealt with stressing the importance of the use of concrete boats. Due to the high cost of oil pipelines, we have passed from tanks built on land to prestressed concrete tanks which can be berthed at great depths or anchored to the bottom to keep them afloat, it being possible to unmoor them for transferring them. Transporting and storing liquated gas leads US to see the advantages of prestressed concrete over steel, as the latter becomes brittle at low temperatures, whereas the former's strength increases. The different forms and possible sections are analyzed, stressing the great importance of the solution of the double concrete hull with pearlite insulation. Finally, a study is made of «light concretes », not the classical types used as thermal and acoustic insulation, but the semi-heavy ones made with expanded clay, high quality sand and P-450 cement, which technique is not yet as developed in Spain at might be wished.En este artículo se trata la evolución de los distintos sistemas de transporte y almacenamiento del petróleo submarino y sus derivados (gas de petróleo y gas natural, resaltando la importancia del uso de barcos de hormigón. Debido al gran coste de los oleoductos, se ha pasado de los tanques construidos en tierra firme a los depósitos de hormigón pretensado que pueden estar fondeados a gran profundidad o anclados al fondo para mantenerlos flotantes, existiendo la posibilidad de poder desamarrarlos para su traslado. El transporte y almacenamiento del gas licuado nos hace ver las ventajas del hormigón pretensado sobre el acero, pues éste se vuelve quebradizo a bajas temperaturas, mientras aquél aumenta su resistencia. Se analizan las diferentes formas y secciones posibles, destacando la gran importancia de la solución del doble casco de hormigón con

  1. Enfermedad Diverticular del Colon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo López Escobar

    1991-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Los divertículos del colon han sido reconocidos por varios observadores desde hace más de un siglo, pero en su mayor parte se trataba de casos aislados, hoy se la considera como la enfermedad del siglo XX, la de la era moderna y de los países industrializados y de avanzada tecnología (5,18,33.

    Según el diccionario de la Real Academia Española (11, divertículo, del latín, diverticulum, quiere decir desviación de un camino; y desde el punto de vista anatómico, apéndice hueco y terminado en fondo de saco. (Gráfica No. 1.

    Goligher (17 lo define como la “posada al borde del camino, probablemente un lugar, a menudo, de mala reputación”.

    Historia

    Según Hackford (18, el proceso fué descrito brevemente por Littre a comienzos del siglo XVIII; pero se le atribuye a Cruveilhier la primera descripción como proceso patológico en 1849, quien, además, mencionó: “encontramos, no rara vez, en el sigmoide, entre las bandas de fibras musculares longitudinales, una serie de pequeños tumores piriformes oscuros, que están formados por hernias de la mucosa a través de brechas en la capa muscular” (17.

    Fleischman en 1815 hizo la primera observación de la enfermedad y empleó el término divertículo (45.

    Rokitansky en 1.849, habló de una enfermedad adquirida y consideró que su causa consistía en la constipación (45.

    Virchowen 1853 describió la perisigmoiditis (45.

    En 1859 Sidney Jones informó de una fístula colo-vesical debida a diverticulitis (5,45.

    Loomis en 1870 describe una peritonitis como resultante de una diverticulitis (45.

    En 1877 Ball describió la anatomía patológica de la enfermedad y presentó dos casos de fístula colovesical debidas a diverticulitis (9. Cripps en 1.888 popularizó la colostomía de desviación como tratamiento para la fístula colovesical(18...

  2. Max Weber o el enigma emocional del origen del capitalismo

    OpenAIRE

    EDUARDO BERICAT ALASTUEY

    2001-01-01

    Se analiza el trabajo clave de Max Weber, La ética protestante y el espíritu del capitalismo, desde la perspectiva de la Sociología de las Emociones. Aunque la inclusión de las emociones de los fenómenos sociales es clave para entender la idea de Weber sobre el dogma de la predestinación, los sociólogos han trivializado el papel de la emoción. Tras detallar la creencia de Weber en que el espíritu del capitalismo parte del conocimiento de que el destino del hombre está predeterminado (la ética...

  3. Sobre el significado del descubrimiento del gen FOXP2

    OpenAIRE

    Longa Martínez, Víctor Manuel

    2006-01-01

    El reciente descubrimiento del gen FOXP2 ha ofrecido la primera evidencia clara de la base genética del lenguaje, mostrando una correlación inequívoca desde la perspectiva genética entre una versión mutada de F0XP2 y los trastornos lingüísticos de diferente tipo sufridos por una familia inglesa, conocida como KE. El objetivo central del presente trabajo es discutir diferentes aspectos relacionados con tal descubrimiento; especialmente, la discusión del significado de FOXP2 con ...

  4. Competitividad sectorial internacional. Caso: sector del cuero y del calzado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Carolina Villegas Álvarez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente escrito se origina en un trabajo de investigación cuya pretensión fue indagar sobre el nivel de competitividad internacional (C.I, del sector del cuero y del calzado colombiano, mediante la aplicación de indicadores que, a partir de la información estadística de las variables de comercio exterior permiten establecer ciertas relaciones que dan cuenta de la importancia del producto en los mercados de los países de la Comunidad Andina de Naciones (CAN, seleccionados para la comparación.

  5. Country Presentation. Central African Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paulin Poussoumandji-Ouinga, P.

    2010-01-01

    No incident related to the illicit trafficking of nuclear and other radioactive materials has been yet reported in the country. However, rumors relating to the orphaned sources exist due to buried radioactive waste and former radiotherapy activities. Illicit trafficking of nuclear materials and radioactive materials is a new threat for the law enforcement agents.This is contributed by absence of dedicated equipment for radiation detection either at the border or within the country, lack of awareness of agents in charge of enforcement control, porosity of the border, absence of a protocol for exchanging information between Customs, intelligence and Police Service

  6. Radioassay services in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Belcher, E.H.

    1978-01-01

    The findings and recommendations of an advisory group convened by the IAEA to give guidance relating to the development of IAEA projects involving radioassay are presented. The current status of radioassay services in different countries is reviewed; guiding principles relating to the organization of such services are affirmed, with particular reference to services in developing countries; the needs of services at various levels as regards accommodation, staff, equipment, supporting services and running costs, including minimum initial needs, are specified; operational problems are identified and indications given how they may be solved; facilities for training in radioassay are reviewed; finally, reference is made to IAEA activities in the field in question. (author)

  7. Arab countries are waking up

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pauron, M.

    2008-01-01

    Year after year, the Arab world is confirming its interest for the gas industry. In front of an increasing local consumption, a growth of export demand and a rise of rates, the Arab countries are multiplying the projects and partnerships in a sector for which the intervention of foreign expert companies and investment are often necessary. This paper presents an overview of the past year of the gas industry in Arab countries: the projects in progress, the penetration of occidental markets by Arab companies, and the difficulties encountered by the GTL (Gas to Liquid) industry. (J.S.)

  8. La impronta del nuevo mundo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Lagos Vergara

    1992-05-01

    Full Text Available Cuando nos aprontamos a conmemorar el quinto centenario del Nuevo Mundo, cabe hacer algunas reflexiones acerca de nuestro continente a la luz del lenguaje propio de las artes y la arquitectura a través del tiempo. Hablamos del Nuevo Mundo en la medida que aceptamos, por una parte, la concepción del nuevo espacio generado a partir del encuentro de dos culturas, la precolombina americana y la propiamente europea llegada principalmente a través de España, y, por otra parte, aceptando también que el nuevo continente resulta ser la pieza clave que ayuda definitivamente a configurar un nuevo cosmos que revela al mundo su otro extremo y aquella parte que manifiesta la totalidad en la certeza de que la tierra es un planeta.

  9. Preferences, country bias, and international trade

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Roy (Santanu); J.M.A. Viaene (Jean-Marie)

    1998-01-01

    textabstractAnalyzes international trade where consumer preferences exhibit country bias. Why country biases arise; How trade can occur in the presence of country bias; Implication for the pattern of trade and specialization.

  10. Efectos colaterales del voto preferente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Diego Brenes Villalobos

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available El artículo describe la multiplicidad de potenciales efectos que la implementación del voto preferente podría acarrear en el ordenamiento jurídico y el sistema de partidos. La primera parte del análisis se dirige a caracterizar y definir el voto preferencial. En segunda instancia, el estudio comprenderá la revista de los efectos colaterales del voto preferente como modalidad de votación.

  11. CDM Country Guide for Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    Under the Integrated Capacity Strengthening for the CDM (ICS-CDM) programme, IGES presents the CDM Country Guides, a series of manuals on CDM project development for Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand. These guidebooks aim at facilitating CDM project developments in Asia by providing essential information to both project developers and potential investors. This volume is on Indonesia

  12. CDM Country Guide for China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    Under the Integrated Capacity Strengthening for the CDM (ICS-CDM) programme, IGES presents the CDM Country Guides, a series of manuals on CDM project development for Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand. These guidebooks aim at facilitating CDM project developments in Asia by providing essential information to both project developers and potential investors. This volume is on China

  13. CDM Country Guide for India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    Under the Integrated Capacity Strengthening for the CDM (ICS-CDM) programme, IGES presents the CDM Country Guides, a series of manuals on CDM project development for Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand. These guidebooks aim at facilitating CDM project developments in Asia by providing essential information to both project developers and potential investors. This volume is on India

  14. Nuclear power for developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hirschmann, H.; Vennemann, J.

    1980-01-01

    The paper describes the energy policy quandary of developing countries and explains why nuclear power plants of a suitable size - the KKW 200 MW BWR nuclear power plant for electric power and/or process steam generation is briefly presented here - have an economic advantage over fossil-fuelled power plants. (HP) [de

  15. Bulgaria : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2003-01-01

    Bulgaria's ambitious program of reforms in several areas, including public financial management (PFM), focuses greatly on its entry into the European Union (EU). Thus, the country has a well developed system, and structure of financial management, that relies heavily on information technology (such as in the area of cash management), and has independent external audits, and parliamentary o...

  16. Mexico : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2004-01-01

    This Country Financial Accountability Assessment (CFAA) summarizes the status of implementation of financial management measures of the Federal public sector, showing both strengths, and areas for improvement, and, reflects input contributions in each area of public management. The main strength observed was the existence of clear rules governing the Federal Government's administrative fin...

  17. Mobilizing technology for developing countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weiss, C Jr

    1979-10-01

    Mr. Weiss says that the 15 years since the UN Conference on Science, Technology, and Development in Geneva have taught us that what seem at first to be technological obstacles to development frequently turn out on closer examination to have been policy failures; that introduction of technologies into developing countries must be accompanied by institutional and policy changes if the technologies are to benefit the countries. He points out that choice of alternative technology for a developing country should depend on careful overall assessment of local techno-economic, geographical, ecological, and social factors, as well as the desired balance between growth and equity. Such a technology assessment, a key element in the choice of appropriate (i.e., locally suitable) technology for particular investment projects, should be built into procedures for project preparation and appraisal in governments and development assistance agencies. Turning to technologists, Mr. Weiss says they face a double challenge: (1) to recognize potential for new efforts to harness science and technology for the benefit of the developing countries; and (2) by understanding the social, institutional, and economic framework into which an innovation is to operate, to ease its application and diffusion, and thus speed and increase its practical impact. 25 references.

  18. The Country of Origin Effect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hu, Lala; Baldin, Andrea

    2018-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to analyse the country of origin (COO) effect on wine purchase in China by considering a sample from an e-commerce website. The paper contribute to the literature on hedonic pricing by applying this model to the Chinese market and including COO as product attribute....

  19. Countries compared on public performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jedid-Jah Jonker

    2012-01-01

    How well is the public sector performing? Are citizens being well served? This report compares the performance of nine public services in 28 developed countries over the period 1995-2009. Four sectors - education, health care, social safety and housing - are studied in some detail, while the

  20. Hepatoblastoma in the nordic countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Fine Licht, S; Schmidt, L S; Rod, Naja Hulvej

    2011-01-01

    Little is known about the aetiology of hepatoblastoma. Because of the young age at diagnosis, several studies have looked at various birth characteristics. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of hepatoblastoma in the Nordic countries and the association between selected bir...

  1. Planned Change in Agrarian Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niehoff, Arthur H.

    The report provides operationally relevant concepts and guidelines for persons responsible for planning and implementing development projects in agrarian countries. A framework for describing or evaluating the conduct of development projects is proposed, and applied to the results of an analysis of 203 case studies of past projects. Influences,…

  2. Pigmentary disorders in Western countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Veen, J. P. Wietze

    2007-01-01

    Countries in the so-called "Western" world, especially in Europe, witnessed a dramatic change in ethnic backgrounds of their populations starting in the last decennia of the last century. This had repercussions on various aspects of our society, including medical practice. In dermatology for

  3. Industry Switching in Developing Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Newman, Carol; Rand, John; Tarp, Finn

    Firm turnover (i.e. firm entry and exit) is a well-recognized source of sectorlevel productivity growth across developing and developed countries. In contrast, the role and importance of firms switching activities from one sector to another is little understood. Firm switchers are likely...

  4. Road safety in developing countries.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, D.A.

    1991-01-01

    This paper presents a classification of countries (developing and developed alike), divided into two main categories: an economical and historical entry. When road safety problems are placed into the economical context, it then appears that, among other things: (1) The road safety problem in the

  5. and high-income countries

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    opperwjj

    sociodemographic, health risk behaviour and social-legal correlates among university students ... no national seatbelt law or a law that does not apply to all occupants, poor attitudes towards ..... inconsistently used seatbelts than female students, while in some other countries (China, ..... and Exercise, 35, 1381–1395. Cunill ...

  6. Welfare reform in European countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Immervoll, Herwig; Kleven, Henrik Jacobsen; Kreiner, Claus Thustrup

    2007-01-01

    This article compares the effects of increasing traditional welfare to introducing in-work benefits in the 15 (pre-enlargement) countries of the European Union. We use a labour supply model encompassing responses to taxes and transfers along both the intensive and extensive margins, and the EUROMOD...

  7. CDM Country Guide for Thailand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    Under the Integrated Capacity Strengthening for the CDM (ICS-CDM) programme, IGES presents the CDM Country Guides, a series of manuals on CDM project development for Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand. These guidebooks aim at facilitating CDM project developments in Asia by providing essential information to both project developers and potential investors. This volume is on Thailand

  8. CDM Country Guide for Cambodia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    Under the Integrated Capacity Strengthening for the CDM (ICS-CDM) programme, IGES presents the CDM Country Guides, a series of manuals on CDM project development for Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand. These guidebooks aim at facilitating CDM project developments in Asia by providing essential information to both project developers and potential investors. This volume is on Cambodia

  9. Tanzania : Country Procurement Assessment Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2003-01-01

    This Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR)intends to determine the compatibility of national procurement law, and practices, with the principles of economy, and with international procurement practices. This CPAR, the second of its kind in Tanzania, looks at the legislative framework, the performance of regulatory functions, the enforcement regime, and the capacity of public sector ...

  10. Country Energy Profile, South Africa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

  11. Country Energy Profile, South Africa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-08-01

    This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa

  12. Uzbekistan : Country Procurement Assessment Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2003-01-01

    Uzbekistan inherited the Soviet system for the procurement of goods, works and services for State needs. This system was suitable for a command economy but lacks the essential elements of competitiveness, transparency and accountability, which are the hallmarks of a market-based approach to government contracting. This Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) comes at a time when a num...

  13. Sanitation planning in developing countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kerstens, S.M.

    2016-01-01

    Sanitation planning in developing countries: Added value of resource recovery

    Worldwide 2.5 billion people lack access to sanitation. This impacts human live, the environment and represents a loss of valuable resources that can be regained from wastewater. This study

  14. Anxiety sensitivity in six countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zvolensky, MJ; Arrindell, WA; Taylor, S; Bouvard, M; Cox, BJ; Stewart, SH; Sandin, B; Cardenas, SJ; Eifert, GH

    In the present study, the Anxiety Sensitivity Index-Revised (ASI-R; Taylor & Cox, Journal of Anxiety Disorders 12 (1998) 463; Behaviour Research and Therapy 36 (1998) 37) was administered to a large sample of persons (n = 2786) from different cultures represented in six different countries: Canada,

  15. Nuclear energy in transition countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knapp, V.

    2000-01-01

    Transition countries, respectively the countries that have in the year's 89/90 broken with the communist political and economy system are passing through difficult years. From their traditional markets within the closely interconnected socialist economy system, which has disintegrated, they have to reorient themselves to new, often saturated and sophisticated markets. To integrate into Europe as equal partners, rather then remain poor relatives, they must reduce this development gap in a reasonable time, not longer than 15 years. Slower pace would not give acceptable perspective to their young people and they would look for it elsewhere, thereby reducing creative forces for progress. Examples of economic development show that sustained growth of GDP is impossible without similar industrial growth, which, in turn, requires corresponding increase of energy use. In the same time these countries are the parts of densely populated European region and are subject to emission restriction of effluents with local or global effects. It is difficult to see how these countries could attain their development goals, whilst respecting their Kyoto obligations, without supplying increased energy demand from nuclear sources. (author)

  16. El movimiento del software libre

    OpenAIRE

    Prudencio Óscar Mochi Alemán

    2002-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es describir el surgimiento y desarrollo del movimiento de software libre. Para ello se analizan algunas características importantes que dan cuenta del origen y desarrollo del mismo, así como de sus momentos más críticos y sus tensiones, sus desafíos y sus retos. Otra de las grandes inquietudes de este trabajo, es intentar descifrar cómo el movimiento del software libre y Linux, en su versión más conocida, sobrevivieron y se afirmaron hasta llegar a ...

  17. Analisi del decadimento $W -> \\tau \

    CERN Document Server

    Coscetti, Simone

    Questo lavoro di tesi si e' svolto nell'ambito dell'esperimento CMS a LHC, ed in particolare verte sullo studio delle strategie di identificazione off-line del leptone tau, atteso tra i prodotti di decadimento del bosone di Higgs, cosi' come di altre particelle previste in altri modelli teorici. Il canale utilizzato per testare la procedura di identificazione del tau e' il decadimento semileptonico del bosone vettore W. Infine, sulla base dei risultati ottenuti viene presentata una stima quantitativa della sezione d'urto di produzione pp-> W + X

  18. El pie del adulto mayor

    OpenAIRE

    Parodi García, José Francisco

    2005-01-01

    Acta Médica Peruana es una publicación del Colegio Médico del Perú El estudio del pie y sus patologías es un capítulo muy importante de la Geriatría. Las patologías del pie no escapan las características comunes de muchos síndromes geriátricos como son el ser asumidos como "normales para la edad", ser poco valorados, menospreciados, no tratados, con gran impacto sobre la salud en general y la calidad de vida.

  19. El maestro del Pavo Real

    OpenAIRE

    Montalvo Martín, Francisco J

    2013-01-01

    Este trabajo pretende hacer una primera aproximación al Maestro del Pavo Real, un platero barcelonés del siglo XIX que usó como marca personal la silueta de un pavo real visto de frente con la cola desplegada y todo ello dentro de un círculo. Este trabajo pretende hacer una primera aproximación al Maestro del Pavo Real, un platero barcelonés del siglo XIX que usó como marca personal la silueta de un pavo real visto de frente con la cola desplegada y todo ello dentro de un círculo.

  20. LIDERAZGO VISIONARIO: CENTRO DEL CONOCIMIENTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Pérez Uribe

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available El gestor del conocimiento es el ser humano. En el mundo como en las empresas es el centro de la destrucción y la creación del conocimiento. Por esta razón en las empresas se deben generar los escenarios adecuados para revertir el conocimiento de las personas y convertirlo en patrimonio de las organizaciones. El papel del líder es vital para la construcción de escenarios adecuados para que los trabajadores se conviertan en auténticos gestores del «knowledge» y esto permita que las organizaciones sean entes permanentes de aprendizaje continuo.

  1. Las aristas del racismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredy Rivera Vélez

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se estudia un ámbito que normalmente se esquiva y se enmascara: Las prácticas racistas. Esta evasión del tema se da en diferentes planos discursivos, y es una práctica, cada vez más frecuente en América Latina, pues aquí se hace de la integración étnica uno de los ejes centrales de la construcción de sus relaciones identitarias y políticas. Se propone, entonces, este trabajo develar la naturaleza y el movimiento de prácticas racistas presentes no sólo discursivamente, en la práctica política, en la práctica laboral, sino que también están presente en nuestra vida cotidiana, bajo nuevas formas y contenidos que se distancian del racismo tradicional e incorpora una nueva gramática racista, una suerte de racismo moderno, no basado en el fenotipo o características físicas como elemento central, sino en un racismo basado en la diferencia cultural, lo cual plantea un plano más excluyente, pues en este planteamiento el “objeto de racismo” no es un objeto de racismo limitado, como en el racismo tradicional, en el cual siempre es utilizado por quien practica el racismo; en el racismo contemporáneo se pretende una ruptura completa y una exclusión total del otro.

  2. Etiche del paesaggio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Venturi Ferriolo

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available L’etica riflette sui rapporti fra uomo e ambiente. Indaga l’azione dell’uomo. Svela la sua visione della vita e il mondo possibile e accoglie in sé un complesso di norme morali e di costume che identificano un preciso comportamento nella vita di relazione. Si riferisce all’agire dell’individuo in una struttura sociale che lo comprende. Siamo alla ricerca di un’essenza del paesaggio indipendente dalla mera pittura, dalla rappresentazione, dall’immagine sentimentale: dalla natura sia ideale che reale. Prendere coscienza della cosa in sé, anche nei suoi aspetti ideali, significa comprenderne la complessità. Possiamo leggere quindi ogni paesaggio come realtà etica, risultato dell'operosità dell'uomo nella natura, ambito complessivo della vita: nel significato peculiare di progetto del mondo umano, che parte da lontano, da quando l'uomo ha incominciato a trasformare il proprio ambiente naturale per creare i luoghi dell'abitare, modellati con la mano e con lo spirito. La conoscenza dei paesaggi in tutta la loro complessità, a partire dal mondo antico, diventa quindi un nostro obiettivo. Questo significa superare, se non addirittura rovesciare, alcuni luoghi comuni consolidati e storicizzati: la teoria secondo la quale il paesaggio, nella sua dimensione estetica, sarebbe un'invenzione della modernità; il collegamento tra la moderna pittura di paesaggio e la nascita dei concetti estetici; la confusione tra natura e paesaggio, frequente nelle concezioni ecologico- ambientaliste; la tesi lessicale della nascita della coscienza del paesaggio, legata all'esistenza di una parola specifica che lo indichi. 

  3. del paradigma comprensivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luisa Bacarlett Pérez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de la distinción planteada por von Wright en su texto ya clásico Explicación y comprensión, se analiza la obra de Giambattista Vico (1668-1744 a la luz de su crítica desarrollada hacia Descartes y la distinción que realiza en tre "crítica" y "tópica". No es aventurado decir que en la propuesta viquiana la actividad propia de la tópica, ligada al uso del lenguaje, la retórica y la elocuencia, se acerca más aquello que von Wright ubica dentro del "paradigma comprensivo"; mientras que la crítica, identificada con el método cartesiano, privilegia la abstracción, la deducción lógica y el análisis matemático; es decir, todo aquello ligado al conocimiento de la naturaleza. La gran diferencia en tre tópica y crítica radica, al final, en el criterio de verdad propio de cada perspectiva: mientras la crítica encuentra la verdad en la exterioridad del mundo natural, en algo que los hombres no hacen; en cambio, la única forma de verdad en el terreno de la tópica es como "verdad hecha" o "verum factum"; es decir, la verdad que nosotros mismos hacemos como agentes históricos, lingüísticos, creadores de cultura, de vida política y social.

  4. La era del youtuber

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Arufe, Irene

    2017-01-01

    En el trabajo se analizan los cambios que ha provocado y la recuperación que ha tenido la red social YouTube en la sociedad actual, poniendo como antecedentes la aparición de Internet y el auge de las nuevas redes sociales. También se examinan la figura del youtuber como la creación de una nueva profesión y los aspectos económicos y sociales de este nuevo trabajo. Grado en Publicidad y Relaciones Públicas

  5. El desarrollo del emprendedor

    OpenAIRE

    Arco Juan, Francisco Javier del

    2010-01-01

    En este trabajo pretendemos abordar el desarrollo de las competencias y de las cualidades del emprendedor. Para ello analizaremos como mediante el trabajo en equipo, el liderazgo y la toma de decisiones a la hora de elaborar un Plan de Negocio, el alumno desarrollo todas estas competencias básicas. Además, por supuesto, de la capacidad de emprender un negocio a través de las herramientas básicas para la puesta en marcha de un negocio. No data (2010) UEM

  6. Peter Carravetta, Del postmoderno.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Carrera

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Peter Carravetta, professor of “Italian and Italian American Studies” at SUNY Stony Brook, with an Italian and American education, has put together in his massive Del postmoderno possibly the most complete critical review so far of American academic production from the 1970s to the present. “Postmodern” is the key word of the cultural turn that took place between the 1950s and the 1970s only to meet its death, in Carravetta’s opinion, on September 11, 2001, when the shortlived illusion that h...

  7. A favor del Plagio

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Arranz

    2007-01-01

    Yo no tengo nada contra el plagio. Ustedes, como lectores, seguramente tampoco. Bueno, tal vez prejuicios. Es lógico que los tengan con tanto artículo condenándolo. Hasta ahora, que yo sepa, nadie ha escrito para defenderlo. Los que sí tienen algo, parece ser, son los autores. Una minoría al fin y al cabo. Ya sé que hay que respetar el derecho de las minorías, pero el asunto del plagio, como tantos otros, deberíamos examinarlo con más detalle, y preguntarnos, por ejemplo, ¿por qué se molestan...

  8. El mundo del postfordismo.

    OpenAIRE

    Lipietz, Alain

    2012-01-01

    La crisis de la relación salarial fordista ha conducido a diferentes regímenes salariales aún en bloques continentales integrados. Característica que se suma a la transformación jerárquica de las economías mundiales ocasionadas por el avance competitivo de los nuevos países industrializados y por la concentración de las relaciones económicas internacionales por bloques continentales. Tales son las características básicas del mundo económico internacional posterior a la guerra fría.Este artícu...

  9. emergencia del trabajo liberado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Gómez Z.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo sugiere que habría una inestimable conexión entre el compromiso subjetivo y emocional de los jóvenes usuarios de Internet, que invierten tiempo y deseo en realizar un conjunto variado de obras menores (correos electrónicos, imágenes de sí mismos en Facebook, trozos de música, mantenimiento de la bitácora en la Red, y los malestares del bienestar urbano. Estas obras menores encarnan y objetivan las demandas de trabajo liberado -frecuentemente reprimidas, pospuestas, administradas o reguladas-, que algunos de los nuevos repertorios tecnológicos canalizan y movilizan vigorosamente.

  10. Funciones sociales del folclore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Londoño Álvarez

    1969-07-01

    Full Text Available Con el objeto de estudiar los principales aspectos sociológicos del folclore, empecemos con uno de los problemas más significativos, cual es el análisis de sus funciones que cumple en una sociedad. se trata de un asunto perteneciente al sociólogo, quien, con el propósito de mostrar al folclórogo, que su investigación no es única, porque se refiere a un hecho que pertenece al grupo de los fenómenos sociales.

  11. Trastorno del espectro autista

    OpenAIRE

    Mendoza Mendoza, María Yésica

    2012-01-01

    Se explica qué es el autismo, sus causas, tipos, síntomas, tratamiento, detección temprana, técnicas y programas específicos de intervención. A continuación, se analiza el resultado de unos cuestionarios pasados a los padres que tienen hijos con autismo para identificar y conocer el impacto de dicho trastorno en los miembros que conviven con el paciente diagnosticado de autismo y otras comorbilidades asociadas: ansiedad, presión psicológica y trastornos del estado de ánimo

  12. Les Malalties dels cereals

    OpenAIRE

    Puiggrós i Jové, Josep Maria

    1989-01-01

    En aquest treball es fa una descripció de les principals malalties dels cereals que han estat trobades a Catalunya. Agrupant-les segons ataquin la fulla i espiga: oïdi, rovells, septòries, Rhynchosporium, Helminthosporium, i virus; al coll i tija: Cercosporella, Ophiobolus, Rhizoctbnia i Fusarium o bé les que vénen de la llavor: carbons, càries i Helminthospbrium. A part de la descripció, hom fa esment de les observacions efectuades els darrers anys en els diferents indrets de...

  13. La inutilidad del etnocentrismo

    OpenAIRE

    Vanegas Betancourth, Paula C.

    2017-01-01

    El etnocentrismo como filosofía de poder en el mundo occidental. Ha evitado el exaltamiento de las mezclas culturales como opción de vida. Dándole a las minorías un lugar en los suburbios del conocimiento y de la ciencia. La exclusión de las fuentes de conocimiento primitivo por el hombre contemporáneo. Le permite la sensación de dominio sobre el mismo hombre y sobre la naturaleza. La industrialización le permitió al hombre. Como lo menciona David Dickson: « El supuesto dominio sobre la natur...

  14. Catàleg dels Miridae (Heteroptera) del Massís del Garraf

    OpenAIRE

    Goula Goula, Marta

    1989-01-01

    Per a la redacció d'aquest catàleg, s'aporten dades d'observació pròpia al llarg dels anys 1980-1984, així com les troballes publicades per CUNI (1889a,1889b,1889c,1891) i per RIBES (1978a,1978b,1980,1984). Totes aquestes observacions s'han fet en localitats del Massis del Garraf, que será objecte d'una curta descripció.

  15. LAS NEURONAS DEL SEPTUM LATERAL MODIFICAN LA ACTIVIDAD DE LAS NEURONAS DEL NUCLEO TUBEROMAMILAR DEL HIPOTALAMO

    OpenAIRE

    FARIAS RODRIGUEZ, PAULA ANDREA; FARIAS RODRIGUEZ, PAULA ANDREA

    2012-01-01

    El septum lateral (SL), es un núcleo del cerebro anterior, que, procesa la información sensorial afectiva procedente del hipocampo y dirige sus respuestas, importantes para la supervivencia, hacia las zonas del hipotálamo importantes para la motivación, como lo es el núcleo tuberomamilar del hipotálamo (TMN). El TMN contiene las neuronas histaminérgicas en el cerebro, la cual relacionamos con la vigilia y alerta en conductas motivadas y así puede dirigir y reforzar el comportamiento. El TM...

  16. La superación del modelo del ángel del hogar:

    OpenAIRE

    Hurtado Muñoz, Mónica

    2013-01-01

    La Tesis Doctoral titulada "La superación del modelo del "ángel del hogar". Recuperación de la escritora Leonor Canalejas y Fustegueras (1869-1945)" aborda, en primer lugar, un análisis sociológico de las circunstancias que rodearon a la mujer española en el cambio de siglo en el ámbito social y educativo, en un intento de esclarecer las características propias del contexto en el que la mujer accede a la intelectualidad en general y a la literatura en particular. Esta parte concluye que la cr...

  17. Salvaguara del patrimonio documental

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel Osco, Edwin

    2003-01-01

    To develop the knowledge, the investigation and to facilitate the access to the information are the keys so that any nation, developed or no, can confront its future. In countries like Bolivia, the support to the culture, science and the technology is almost nonexistent.

  18. RASGOS GEOGRÁFICOS DEL VALLE DEL RIO AGRIO INFERIOR.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celia Torren

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es una síntesis del trabajo "Rasgos Geográficos del Valle del Río Agrio Inferior, el cual es un estudio de base para el conocimiento de la geografía de la región: - apoyando el esfuerzo que está realizando la población del área para lograr una identidad propia y una definitiva integración al contexto provincial; - aportando al proyecto "Rescate Arqueológico en Quili Malal, Neuquén" (subsidiado por CONICET y UNESCO, cuya dirección está a cargo de la profesora Susana Rodríguez de la U.N.C., a través de la confección del mapa geomorfológico del área; y - contribuyendo a los estudios que resultan necesarios ante la construcción de una obra hidroeléctrica de la magnitud de "El Chihuido I", emprendimiento que será llevado a cabo por Agua y Energía eléctrica de la Nación. Los límites del área estudiada fueron establecidos teniendo en cuenta el área del valle inferior del Río Agrio que será completamente inundada por el futuro embalse de la represa "El Chihuido I", a emplazarse 5,5 Km aguas abajo de la confluencia de los ríos Agrio y Neuquén. Además de esta área de afectación directa se tomó también una zona de perilago estrechamente vinculada a la anterior. De esta manera los límites este y oeste quedaron establecidos por la confluencia de los ríos antes mencionados y la localidad de Bajada del Agrio, respectivamente.

  19. El sentido olvidado del patriotismo republicano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viroli, Maurizio

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article Maurizio Viroli shows that although republican patriotism has a cultural dimension it is primarily a political passion based upon the experiencia of citizenship. Patriotism is the love for a free republic and for its way of life: il vivere libero. In this sense republican patriotism is almost the contrary of nationalism. For nationalists patriotism is the love for a modest liberty: the freedom to enjoy in the shadow of the throne one´s dwelling and vineyard in peace. For republican patriots love of country is an artificial passion, for nationalists it is a natural one. As a conclusion, Viroli suggest that republican patriotism is able to answer the dylemas of modern democracy beyond the choice between the myth of civic nationalism and the horror of ethnic nationalism.

    En este artículo Maurizio Viroli muestra que aunque el patriotismo republicano tiene una dimensión cultural es, sobre todo, una pasión política basada en la experiencia de la ciudadanía. Patriotismo es el amor por una república libre y por su forma de vida: il vivere libero. En este sentido, el patriotismo es casi lo opuesto al nacionalismo. Para los nacionalistas el patriotismo es el amor por una libertad más modesta: la libertad de disfrutar a la sombra del trono, y en paz, de la casita y el majuelo. Para los patriotas republicanos el amor por la patria es una pasión artificial, para los nacionalistas es natural. Como conclusión, Viroli sugiere que el patriotismo republicano es capaz de responder a los dilemas de la democracia moderna al ir más allá de la elección entre el mito del nacionalismo cívico y el horror del nacionalismo étnico.

  20. del cuerpo femenino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betina Hillesheim

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo discute cómo las prácticas de salud dirigidas a las mujeres construyen determinadas significaciones sobre la salud y el cuerpo femenino, comprendiendo que las prácticas en salud producen determinadas formas de ser, vivir y sentir, y constituyen modos de ser mujer y de ser hombre. Se presentan los datos de una investigación desarrollada en un servicio académico de salud, con mujeres que se realizaron exámenes de prevención de cáncer de útero y mama, entre mayo y diciembre del 2002. La recolección de datos se realizó mediante observaciones de las prácticas de la salud y entrevistas con las usuarias del servicio. En términos teóricos, el punto de referencia fueron los estudios feministas, especialmente autores(as cuyas teorizaciones son postestructuralistas. Se espera que este estudio contribuya con la reflexión sobre las prácticas de salud dirigidas a las mujeres, posibilitando una ampliación sobre lo que se entiende por femenino y, dando espacio a otras formas de ser y de estar en el mundo, además de aquellas que el discurso hegemónico sobre mujeres propone como adecuadas.

  1. Fundamentos del metodo cientifico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badii, M. H.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta obra no radica en realizar una búsqueda exhaustiva de la literatura en el tema, sino, sentar las bases del método científico, notando los aspectos filosóficos e éticos de la ciencia. Se presentan los conceptos y definiciones fundamentales relacionados con la metodología de la investigación científica. Se maneja el concepto de la toma de los datos válidos como un requisito básico en cualquier trabajo científico. Se pone a disposición del lector un modelo denominado el ECOEE que es una herramienta poderosa para establecer puntos de comparación e discusión entre los resultados de diferentes trabajos científicos. Finalmente, ofrece unas sugerencias de que hacer o no hacer en cuanto a realizar un trabajo de investigación.

  2. RECUERDOS DEL SIGLO XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ASUNCIÓN LAVRIN

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo hace una revisión de conceptos clave en la educación de la mujer en Hispanoamérica, en la primera mitad del siglo XX, y el debate sobre la educación superior de la mujer. También analiza las ideas de Gabriela Mistral para la educación femenina en su Lectura para mujeres, y las compara con las de la escritora mexicana Rosario Castellanos. Finalmente, hace un llamado por nuevos modelos educativos para la mujer de siglo XXI.Este ensayo hace una revisión de conceptos clave en la educación de la mujeren Hispanoamérica, en la primera mitad del siglo XX, y el debate sobre laeducación superior de la mujer. También analiza las ideas de Gabriela Mistralpara la educación femenina en su Lectura para mujeres, y las comparacon las de la escritora mexicana Rosario Castellanos. Finalmente, hace unllamado por nuevos modelos educativos para la mujer de siglo XXI.

  3. Incorrecciones del habla infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Pino LECUONA NARANJO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se pretende dar una visión de algunos rasgos característicos del lenguaje infantil, centrándonos especialmente en el estudio de los niños de 4 a 6 años de edad. Es pues, su finalidad fundamental la descripción y análisis de los rasgos que se pueden observar en la expresión verbal de los preescolares. Las diversas peculiaridades que van a ser objeto de examen se refieren a la emisión de incorrecciones de carácter fonético, morfológico y semántico. El análisis unificado de estos tres factores responde a la consideración de que todos surgen como consecuencia de un proceso de simplificación lingüística originado por un estado inconcluso de desarrollo del lenguaje.

  4. Carta del Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Jarrín Mantilla

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Comunicación y Género, acopia trabajos que vinculan a la mujer y la comunicación y sus esfuerzos por no ser consideradas inferiores. Del libro a la pantalla, acerca a algunas reflexiones sobre el proceso que lleva del libro a la pantalla por la polémica que despierta la adaptación de las novelas, puesto que muchos señalan que la trama se ve desfigurada. Se agregan varios temas sobre el cine. En "Días de Radio", se plantea el que a pesar de la censura y los problemas económicos que deben enfrentar, las radios populares de América Latina, siguen ganando espacios, de su desarrollo depende una mayor profundización de la democracia. Tema de debate es Estrategias comunicativas en Chiapas y Haití. Se añaden dos entrevistas a un caricaturista brasileño y a un corresponsal de guerra muy prestigiado.

  5. Gerencia del Siglo XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Orlando Crissien Castillo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available El cambio es más rápido que nunca, la tecnología genera nuevos modelos gerenciales, los mercados se abren, el paradigma de la competitividad y la productividad. Los gerentes modernos estamos expuestos a muchas presiones generadoras de estrés; hecho que, según la OMS (Organización Mundial de la  alud, está entre las tres enfermedades que cobran más muertes en el mundo. EL campo de juego gerencial ha cambiado: por ende la gerencia del siglo XXI requiere un perfil de administrador-gerente diferente. Este nuevo gerente se debe tornar líder y administrador. Las cosas se administran, la gente se lidera, se gerencia. Por esto el gerente líder del siglo XXI se debe formar, capacitar, entrenar en aquellas habilidades-competencias requeridas por este nuevo entorno. Por tal razón debe generar dos sets de competencias: las de gerente integral y el desarrollo de la capacidad directiva.

  6. Carta del Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eladio Proaño

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Refiere el Informe Nacional de Brasil sobre el Diagnóstico de la Comunicación en América Latina en el que se analizan los más importantes medios de comunicación de ese país. En el artículo de opinión se reflexiona sobre los cambios que sufre la comunicación política en la región como resultado de nuevos protagonistas con nuevos mensajes como: Hugo Chávez, Venezuela, Bucarám, Ecuador y Fujimori, Perú. Describe dos noticias que han llamado la atención: la desinformación en la campaña electoral de los Estados Unidos y el peculiar sistema de comunicación del Presidente Chávez para mantener la popularidad. En cultura para la imagen periodística impresa o Infografía muestra los esfuerzos que la prensa diría del mundo entero hace para competir en cuanto a imagen con la televisión. Se trata la elaboración de los guiones cinematográficos y en Comunicación Institucional se responde a cómo a solucionar los problemas de un banco desde Argentina.

  7. EL PROYECTO DEL GENOMA EN LA LITERATURA BIOMÉDICA LATINOAMERICANA DE CUATRO PAÍSES O PROJETO DO GENOMA NA LITERATURA BIOMÉDICA LATINO-AMERICANA DE QUATRO PAÍSES THE GENOME PROJECT IN BIOMEDICAL LITERATURE WITHIN FOUR COUNTRIES IN LATIN AMERICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Lolas Stepke

    2004-01-01

    ção comercial de países em desenvolvimento; a possibilidade de danos físicos ou psicológicos por estigmatização ou por discriminação genética; a possibilidade de modificações genéticas ou aborto por razões eugenésicas, a necessidade de salvaguardar a confidencialidade; a baixa participação das comunidades indígenas no estudo de seu DNA, algumas vezes sem um consentimento informado apropriado; a necessidade de regulação legal para prevenir a realização de modificações genéticas de aprimoramento ou a clonagem humana reprodutiva, e para regular o acesso à informação genéticaThe present reflection refers to data obtained about the social representations of genomic research and its applications through the review of local literature written by biomedical researchers in four Latin American countries: Argentine, Chile, Mexico and Peru. Several issues are addressed, such as: little access to prevention and therapeutic methods related to genomic medicine in Latin America; the risk associated to genetic modifications in human beings; lack of equity in the access to health benefits; control by biotechnological companies; commercialization of gene sequences through patents which leads to commercial exploitation of underdeveloped countries; the possibility of physical or psychological damage in the way of stigmatization or genetic discrimination; the possibility of genetic modifications or abortion for eugenic reasons; the necessity of safeguarding confidentiality; the little participation of indigenous communities in the studies done on their DNA, sometimes without proper informed consent; the necessity of legal regulation to prevent the pathway towards enhancement of genetic modifications or reproductive human cloning, and of regulating access to genetic information

  8. El desarrollo en la agenda global. Análisis del informe del PNUD de 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Alcaniz

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta  en primer lugar un breve recorrido histórico sobre la dinámica de las teorías del desarrollo y sus más recientes aportaciones, señalando que el concepto de desarrollo es heredero de la idea ilustrada europea de progreso y que esta  idea se ha expandido a lo largo del planeta. En segundo lugar, se hace referencia a la inclusión de la idea de desarrollo en la agenda global; las Naciones Unidas asume que es una responsabilidad de la comunidad internacional y crea para ello organismos especializados para su implementación. Finalmente, se exponen los resultados del último informe del PNUD, Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo, sobre la situación de los diversos Estados con respecto al desarrollo humano mostrando las desigualdades y brechas entre unos países y otros. The development of  the global agenda. An analysis of the 2005 UNDP report. Firstly, the article briefly traces the history of the dynamics of development theories and their most recent contributions, indicating that the concept of development is heir to the European enlightenment idea of "progress" and that this idea has spread all over the planet. Secondly, the inclusion of the idea of development on the global agenda is also mentioned, with the United Nations assuming that this is a responsibility of the international community and thus creating specialised organisations to implement it. Finally, we explain the results of the latest United Nations Development Programme (UNPD Report on the human development situation in several countries, showing inequalities and gaps between States.

  9. Urban bioclimatology in developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jauregui, E

    1993-11-15

    A brief review of the literature on urban human bioclimatology in the tropics is undertaken. Attempts to chart human bioclimatic conditions on the regional/local scale have been made in several developing countries. The effective temperature scheme (with all its limitations) is the one that has been most frequently applied. The possibilities of application of bioclimatic models based on human heat balance for the tropical urban environment are discussed.

  10. Physician assistant education: five countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooker, Roderick S; Kuilman, Luppo

    2011-01-01

    Physician assistant (PA) education has undergone substantial change since the late 1960s. After four decades of development, other countries have taken a page from the American experience and launched their own instructional initiatives. The diversity in how different countries approach education and produce a PA for their nation's needs provides an opportunity to make comparisons. The intent of this study was to document and describe PA programs in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, The Netherlands, and the United States. We reviewed the literature and contacted a network of academics in various institutions to obtain primary information. Each contact was asked a set of basic questions about the country, the PA program, and the deployment of graduates. Information on US PA programs was obtained from the Physician Assistant Education Association. At year's end 2010, the following was known about PA development: Australia, one program; Canada, four programs; United Kingdom, four programs; The Netherlands, five programs; the United States, 154 programs. Trends in program per capita growth remain the largest in the United States, followed by The Netherlands and Canada. The shortest program length was 24 months and the longest, 36 months. Outside the United States, almost all programs are situated in an academic health center ([AHC] defined as a medical university, a teaching hospital, and a nursing or allied health school), whereas only one-third of US PA programs are in AHCs. All non-US programs receive public/government funding whereas American programs are predominately private and depend on tuition to fund their programs. The PA movement is a global phenomenon. How PAs are being educated, trained, and deployed is known only on the basic level. We identify common characteristics, unique aspects, and trends in PA education across five nations, and set the stage for collaboration and analysis of optimal educational strategies. Additional information is needed on

  11. Nuclear power in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lane, J.A.; Covarrubias, A.J.; Csik, B.J.; Fattah, A.; Woite, G.

    1977-01-01

    This paper is intended to be a companion to similar papers by OECD/NEA and CMEA and will summarize the nuclear power system plans of developing Member States most likely to have nuclear programmes before the year 2000. The information that is presented is derived from various sources such as the Agency 1974 study of the market for nuclear power in developing countries, the annual publication, ''Power Reactors in Member States - 1976 Edition'', various nuclear power planning studies carried out by the Agency during the period 1975 and 1976, direct correspondence with selected Member States and published information in the open literature. A preliminary survey of the prospects for nuclear power in Member States not belonging to the OECD or having centrally planned economies indicates that about 27 of these countries may have operating nuclear power plants by the end of the century. In the 1974 Edition of the ''Market Survey'' it was estimated that the installed nuclear capacity in these countries might reach 24 GW by 1980, 157 GW by 1190 and 490 GW by the year 2000. It now appears that these figures are too high for a number of reasons. These include 1) the diminished growth in electrical demand which has occurred in many Member States during the last several years, 2) the extremely high cost of nuclear plant construction which has placed financial burdens on countries with existing nuclear programmes, 3) the present lack of commercially available small and medium power reactors which many of the smaller Member States would need in order to expand their electric power systems and 4) the growing awareness of Member States that more attention should be paid to exploitation of indigenous energy sources such as hydroelectric power, coal and lignite

  12. Country differences in sustainable consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, John

    2010-01-01

    In a sustainability perspective, consumption research has an unfortunate individualizing bias, which means that macro and structural causes of unsustainable consumption tend to be ignored. Hence, a comprehensive model of determinants of the sustainability of consumption is developed and applied...... on a specific case: organic food consumption. The analyzed data are published research on why consumer purchase of organic food products differs between countries. As expected, organic food's share of total food consumption depends heavily on political regulation, including legal definitions and standards...

  13. [AIDS, developing countries and ethnopsychiatry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrhardt, N; Defourny, J; Bertrand, J

    1995-04-01

    This work briefly assesses the history of the AIDS epidemic in different geographic regions and examines factors that render developing countries particularly vulnerable. It reviews the three main techniques of traditional therapeutic systems and examines their implications for psychiatric treatment of AIDS patients from developing countries. Young age structures, low rates of condom usage, women's lack of education and of sexual bargaining power, and the deficiencies of health and educational facilities are among factors that increase risks of HIV in developing countries. Health education geared to specific audiences should encourage condom use and other preventive measures. Among factors to encourage condom use, group decision making appears to be of greatest potential influence on behavior in sub-Saharan Africa and among African immigrants to Europe. To encourage preventive measures and to understand reactions of non-Western populations to HIV, it is desirable to understand the deeper meanings of their cultures and of traditional therapies. It is difficult and misguided to pose a diagnosis according to the criteria of Western psychiatry. Western psychiatry has been proven incompetent in its attempts to treat members of traditional societies, whether immigrants or in their countries of origin. And attempts to integrate traditional healing into a western medical system have not been successful. Traditional systems accomplish therapeutic goals by three major techniques, possession, shamanism, and clairvoyance, or their numerous variants. It is recommended that group sessions be held with immigrants requiring treatment, in which the principal therapist is assisted by translators, who help create a space for the patient intermediate between the two cultures, where the therapies can coexist without conflict.

  14. Sanitation planning in developing countries

    OpenAIRE

    Kerstens, S.M.

    2016-01-01

    Sanitation planning in developing countries: Added value of resource recovery Worldwide 2.5 billion people lack access to sanitation. This impacts human live, the environment and represents a loss of valuable resources that can be regained from wastewater. This study shows that resource recovery can be a potential driver to accelerate sanitation. A new sanitation decision framework for policy makers was created and tested in Indonesia. The variety of advantages and disadvantages of sanitatio...

  15. El Gobierno del mal menor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    2012-01-01

    El Gobierno no aspira a ser bueno ni malo. Se conforma con ser el Gobierno del mal menor, cuyas medidas drásticas y poco populares están destinadas a salvar a los ciudadanos del desastre que no ha llegado todavía pero podría llegar....

  16. Tratamiento del paciente con artrosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Vargas Negrín

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El manejo terapéutico del paciente con artrosis tiene como objetivo disminuir la sintomatología dolorosa e inflamatoria, mejorar la capacidad funcional del paciente y la aplicación de intervenciones terapéuticas eficaces y lo más seguras posibles. Un enfoque centrado en el paciente implica su participación activa en el diseño del plan terapéutico y en la toma de decisiones informadas oportunas en todas las etapas de la enfermedad. La educación terapéutica, la actividad física y el ejercicio terapéutico junto con el control de peso, en caso de sobrepeso u obesidad, constituyen el núcleo central del tratamiento. Los autocuidados individuales y por los familiares son fundamentales en el control del día a día del paciente. El uso de terapias físicas, ayudas técnicas (bastón, etc. y de fármacos tipo analgésicos simples, opioides y antiinflamatorios tiene evidencias demostradas en el control del dolor, mejora la funcionalidad y la calidad de vida del paciente y una clara recomendación de uso en el tratamiento de la artrosis. La cirugía conservadora y la de reemplazo articular se indican en los casos en los que no se logran los objetivos terapéuticos en casos concretos.

  17. El Derecho universal del Trabajo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor-Hugo Barbagelata

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La idea de un derecho universal del trabajo no es nueva, en realidad es más antigua quela legislación del trabajo y por lo tanto, más antigua que la propia rama del derecho que estudia estas cuestiones.Sí, son nuevos los avances que con ese objetivo se han ido registrando desde fines del siglo pasado.I- Introducción.- II Antecedentes.- II Constitucionalización e internacionalización.- IV Principios y criterios de interpretación del bloque de constitucionalidad.- A Criterio fundado en las condiciones del Estado Social de Derecho; B Principio de complementariedad e interdependencia de todas las normas sobre derechos humanos; C Primacía de la disposición más favorable a la persona humana; D Criterio resultante del principio de progresividad.; E Principio de irreversibilidad o de no regresión. F Principio de autoejecución y autoaplicación..- V Conflictos entre los derechos fundamentales .- VI.- Los principios filosóficos: a La Justicia social ; b La especificidad del trabajo humano; c Reafirmación de la dignidad de la persona humana; VII Conclusiones. 

  18. Taquicardias supraventriculares. Estado del arte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Alfonso Gándara Ricardo

    2016-01-01

    El tratamiento de las taquicardias supraventriculares dependerá del estado hemodinámico del paciente, el cual definirá el requerimiento de terapia eléctrica o tratamiento médico. Se debe hacer una selección adecuada de los pacientes que requieren estudio electrofisiológico y ablación.

  19. Palliative radiotherapy in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Allen, B.J.

    2010-01-01

    Full text: The International Agency for Research on Cancer predicts that cancer incidence in developing countries will increase dramatically in the first two decades of this millennium. Already some 80% of cancer patients in developing countries present with incurable disease. [n many cases pain is a severe problem and palliation is needed to improve quality of life as well as extending survival. This paper will consider the physical and clinical aspects of palliative radiotherapy (PRT), choice of radiation modality, alternative approaches to imaging and therapy and cost-benefit considerations. The potential benefits of a dedicated palliative centre include lower cost and therefore more centres, enabling more patients access to regional palliative care. Whilst there is an obvious need for palliative radiotherapy, simple curative treatments could also be managed. C060 radiotherapy has important advantages in developing countries, because of the higher initial cost of a linear accelerator, as well as the need for reliable power supply and the level of skill required by linac technicians and physicists. The beam characteristics of both C060 units and low energy linacs are compared and both are found to be acceptable for palliation. The concept of telemedicine is also discussed, using mobile phones and internet communication to allow rural clinics to receive support from specialists based in the cities, to send images for remote diagnosis and remote dose planning for radiotherapy. (author)

  20. Nuclear trade between developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stahl, K.

    1990-01-01

    The analysis of nuclear south-south cooperation is based on the evaluation of official documents (the texts of laws, of contracts for nuclear cooperation treaties, safeguard treaties, official government policy speeches etc.). These data were supplemented by numerous interviews with representatives of atomic energy authorities, foreign ministries, nuclear industries, members of parliament, representatives of the nuclear energy opposition movement and military representatives in the three states and by interviews with representatives of the IAEO and OPANAL in Mexico. The study deals with each country in turn: Chapter 2 gives an overview of the Indian nuclear energy programme and India's nuclear export activity and export policy. Chapter 3 analyzes Brazil's nuclear energy policy and Brazilian export capacities, exports and export policy in the nuclear sector. Chapter 4 looks at the development of the Argentinian nuclear energy programme and the crisis in it, at Argentina's nuclear export activities and its export policy and technology transfer policy in this field. Chapter 5 analyzes separately relations between Argentina and Brazil on nuclear cooperation, since they differ considerably from the two countries' relations with other Third World countries on this topic. The appendix documents the most important contractual agreements and government policy declarations on nuclear cooperation between the two states. (orig.) [de

  1. Development perspective of transitional countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilić Bogdan B.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The end of 20th century witnessed the affirmation and development of information technology as well as the transformation of industrial into information, "new economy", which caused changes in people and circumstances. The role and importance of nonhuman factors was increased, causing entrepreneurship and knowledge-based information to become the most significant resources. The Internet became the basis of the "new economy". It changes the way of doing business, studying, researching, communicating and competition. It also reduces operating costs, crosses national borders and leads to the globalization of the world economy. Transitional countries have to fit into modern development flows by formulating their own strategy of national development and establishing their own competitive advantages in conditions of "new economy". These advantages lie predominantly in highly qualified and skilled younger labor which learns fast and adopts new knowledge and skills, through reducing transactional costs, shortening of certain development stages through which developed countries have already gone, using their experience, scientific-technological progress, a rise in work productivity, etc. Experience of other countries should be innovated and adapted to one's own material and social conditions, not copied. This enables the emergence of "European small tigers", which are similar to "Asian small tigers".

  2. Firewood for an OPEC country

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Padilla, A.; Konings, G.; Sanchez, R.; Marcano, E. [Universidad de los Andes, Merida (Venezuela)

    1997-07-01

    This work analyzes some factors of the energy crisis in a town of the Venezuelan Andes (Llano del Hato, 3500 m.a.s.l.). The socioeconomic and climatic conditions in this region make the use of firewood as fuel mandatory. There are extensive deserted areas due to the extraction of plant species for firewood. It has been determined that there are diverse species in the area whose energy potential is superior to that reported in the literature; however, they are incorrectly used and are in danger of extinction. The absence of firewood drives peasants to use manure as a source of fuel. Parallel to the laboratory testing of different raw materials, a program of environmental education and optimization of biomass to obtain energy is under way. It is hoped that pilot plans like this will expand to all of the Andean region. (author)

  3. Joint default probabilities and country risk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scholtens, Bert; Hameeteman, Daphne

    2003-01-01

    The assessment of country risk is of crucial importance for both developing countries and international lenders and investors. Many existing country risk approaches are opaque and heavily rely on subjective choices. In general, they lack a theoretical basis. To assess country risk, we use the Merton

  4. Malaysia mental health country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parameshvara Deva, M

    2004-01-01

    Malaysia is a tropical country in the heart of south east Asia with a population of 24 million people of diverse ethnic, cultural and religious backgrounds living in harmony in 330,000 km(2) of land on the Asian mainland and Borneo. Malaysia, which lies on the crossroads of trade between east and west Asia, has an ancient history as a centre of trading attracting commerce between Europe, west Asia, India and China. It has had influences from major powers that dominated the region throughout its history. Today the country, after independence in 1957, has embarked on an ambitious development project to make it a developed country by 2020. In this effort the economy has changed from one producing raw material to one manufacturing consumer goods and services and the colonial health system has been overhauled and social systems strengthened to provide better services for its people. The per capita income, which was under 1,000 US dollars at independence, has now passed 4,000 US dollars and continues to grow, with the economy largely based on strong exports that amount to over 100 billion US dollars. The mental health system that was based on institutional care in four mental hospitals at independence from British colonial rule in 1957 with no Malaysian psychiatrists is today largely based on over 30 general hospital psychiatric units spread throughout the country. With three local postgraduate training programmes in psychiatry and 12 undergraduate departments of psychiatry in the country--all started after independence--there is now a healthy development of mental health services. This is being supplemented by a newly established primary care mental health service that covers community mental health by integrating mental health into primary health care. Mental health care at the level of psychiatrists rests with about 140 psychiatrists most of whom had undertaken a four-year masters course in postgraduate psychiatry in Malaysia since 1973. However, there continues to be

  5. COMMODITY MARKET REGULATION: EXPORTING COUNTRIES VERSUS IMPORTING COUNTRIES

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Leonardo Silveira

    2012-01-01

    The high in commodity prices in the international market in the last decade, tensions escalated between exporting and importing commodities countries, the extent of having their demands and pressures discussed in the main international organizations, especially in the G20. As altas nas cotações das commodities no mercado internacional na última década acirraram as tensões entre países exportadores e importadores de commodities, a ponto de terem suas reivindicações e pressões debatidas no...

  6. India mental health country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khandelwal, Sudhir K; Jhingan, Harsh P; Ramesh, S; Gupta, Rajesh K; Srivastava, Vinay K

    2004-01-01

    India, the second most populated country of the world with a population of 1.027 billion, is a country of contrasts. It is characterized as one of the world's largest industrial nations, yet most of the negative characteristics of poor and developing countries define India too. The population is predominantly rural, and 36% of people still live below poverty line. There is a continuous migration of rural people into urban slums creating major health and economic problems. India is one of the pioneer countries in health services planning with a focus on primary health care. Improvement in the health status of the population has been one of the major thrust areas for social development programmes in the country. However, only a small percentage of the total annual budget is spent on health. Mental health is part of the general health services, and carries no separate budget. The National Mental Health Programme serves practically as the mental health policy. Recently, there was an eight-fold increase in budget allocation for the National Mental Health Programme for the Tenth Five-Year Plan (2002-2007). India is a multicultural traditional society where people visit religious and traditional healers for general and mental health related problems. However, wherever modern health services are available, people do come forward. India has a number of public policy and judicial enactments, which may impact on mental health. These have tried to address the issues of stigma attached to the mental illnesses and the rights of mentally ill people in society. A large number of epidemiological surveys done in India on mental disorders have demonstrated the prevalence of mental morbidity in rural and urban areas of the country; these rates are comparable to global rates. Although India is well placed as far as trained manpower in general health services is concerned, the mental health trained personnel are quite limited, and these are mostly based in urban areas. Considering this

  7. Notas del Consejo Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Serpa Florez

    1990-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Merecida Distinción
    Complacidos registrados la señalada distinción de que fue objeto en Hiroshima, Japón, durante la celebración del IX Congreso Mundial de la Organización Internacional a Médicos para la Prevención de la Guerra Nuclear (lPPNW el Académico Honorario Alberto Cárdenas Escovar quien recibió el Premio Albert Schweitzer, en reconocimiento a la meritoria labor que ha cumplido en el campo internacional de la medicina.

    Fernando Serpa Flórez

    Breves de la Academia
    En el número anterior de nuestra revista, por involuntaria omisión no se incluyeron dos señalados acontecimientos, que nos apresuramos a subsanar en la presente edición. Se trata del ingreso a la Corporación de dos distinguidos y muy apreciados Miembros de nuestro Instituto, el Académico correspondiente Joaquín Silva, Profesor de Cirugía y eminente maestro de numerosas generaciones médicas, quien disertó en forma erudita y ponderada sobre el tema “Los albores de la Medicina y Cirugía”. Así mismo tomó posesión como Miembro de Número el actual Presidente del Capítulo de los Santanderes de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, ex-decano de la Escuela de Medicina de la Universidad Industrial de Santander y notable escritor y psiquiátra doctor Roberto Serpa Flórez, quien presentó su libro sobre medicina y enfermedades tropicales en Colombia en la primera mitad de este siglo que, en forma interesante y amena, desarrolló alrededor de la biografía de su padre, el también Académico de Número profesor Roberto Serpa Novoa.

  8. The Determinants of Country Risk Ratings

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Claude Cosset; Jean Roy

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to replicate Euromoney's and Institutional Investor's country risk ratings on the basis of economic and political variables. The evidence reveals that country risk ratings respond to some of the variables suggested by the theory. In particular, both the level of per capita income and propensity to invest affect positively the rating of a country. In addition, high-ranking countries are less indebted than low-ranking countries. It also appears that the ability of t...

  9. The profitability of photovoltaic projects in developing countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Covell, Philip W.; Hansen, Richard D. [Enersol Associates, Inc., (United states)

    1995-12-31

    This paper shows that it is possible to recover costs and profit from photovoltaic projects, even in relatively poor countries. It explains three basic financial arrangements for full cost recovery used in several developing countries for solar home and business systems: self financing; term financing through equipment vendors, banks and non-governmental organizations, and leasing. It also describes potential sources of cost recovery (besides the end-users), including CO{sub 2} offsets. Finally, it concludes that given the success of some projects, recent efforts toward market conditioning, and the effect of environmental concerns, there are good PV business opportunities for electric power utilities in developing countries. This is an adapted and abbreviated version of a paper entitled Full Cost Recovery in Photovoltaic Projects: Debunking the Myths about Equipment Subsidization. Much of the information has been drawn from the field experiences of Enersol Associates, Inc., a nonprofit organization specializing in PV project implementation; and SOLUZ, Inc., a Massachusetts based company affiliated with Industria Electrica Bella Vista, which operates a PV System Leasing Business in the Dominican Republic. Together, these organizations have facilitated the installation of over 5000 systems on a full cost recovery basis. [Espanol] Este articulo muestra que es posible recuperar los costos y sacar provecho de los proyectos fotovoltaicos, aun en paises relativamente pobres. Explica tres arreglos financieros basicos para la recuperacion total de los gastos usados en varios paises en desarrollo para sistemas solares domesticos y de negocios: autofinanciamiento, financiamiento por un periodo dado a traves de los vendedores de equipo, bancos y organizaciones no gubernamentales y renta. Tambien describe fuentes potenciales para la recuperacion de costos (ademas de los usuarios finales), incluyendo las compensaciones por CO{sub 2}. Finalmente concluye que dado el exito de

  10. The profitability of photovoltaic projects in developing countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Covell, Philip W; Hansen, Richard D [Enersol Associates, Inc., (United states)

    1996-12-31

    This paper shows that it is possible to recover costs and profit from photovoltaic projects, even in relatively poor countries. It explains three basic financial arrangements for full cost recovery used in several developing countries for solar home and business systems: self financing; term financing through equipment vendors, banks and non-governmental organizations, and leasing. It also describes potential sources of cost recovery (besides the end-users), including CO{sub 2} offsets. Finally, it concludes that given the success of some projects, recent efforts toward market conditioning, and the effect of environmental concerns, there are good PV business opportunities for electric power utilities in developing countries. This is an adapted and abbreviated version of a paper entitled Full Cost Recovery in Photovoltaic Projects: Debunking the Myths about Equipment Subsidization. Much of the information has been drawn from the field experiences of Enersol Associates, Inc., a nonprofit organization specializing in PV project implementation; and SOLUZ, Inc., a Massachusetts based company affiliated with Industria Electrica Bella Vista, which operates a PV System Leasing Business in the Dominican Republic. Together, these organizations have facilitated the installation of over 5000 systems on a full cost recovery basis. [Espanol] Este articulo muestra que es posible recuperar los costos y sacar provecho de los proyectos fotovoltaicos, aun en paises relativamente pobres. Explica tres arreglos financieros basicos para la recuperacion total de los gastos usados en varios paises en desarrollo para sistemas solares domesticos y de negocios: autofinanciamiento, financiamiento por un periodo dado a traves de los vendedores de equipo, bancos y organizaciones no gubernamentales y renta. Tambien describe fuentes potenciales para la recuperacion de costos (ademas de los usuarios finales), incluyendo las compensaciones por CO{sub 2}. Finalmente concluye que dado el exito de

  11. Caracterización del potencial de abuso del flunitracepam

    OpenAIRE

    Martí de la Llave, Cecilia

    1997-01-01

    Con el presente estudio se pretende caracterizar el potencial de abuso del flunitracepam. La pauta de administración del flunitracepam está ajustada para alcanzar concentraciones máximas plasmáticas similares entre los dos regímenes de administración del fármaco activo, aunque a diferente velocidad; con la dosis única se alcanza la concentración máxima plasmática más rápidamente que con la dosis dividida. Cuando el voluntario recibe el fármaco activo a dosis única toma cinco cápsulas que ...

  12. Del Charco del Agua Amarga (Alcañiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás MAIGI

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available En agosto de 1947, habiendo llegado a la excelentísima Diputación Provincial de Teruel rumores de recientes deterioros en el friso pintado del abrigo rupestre del "Charco del Agua Amarga", nos fué requerida oficialmente, por dicha Corporación, la presentación de un informe sobre la realidad de los hechos expuestos, así como el planeamiento de las medidas adecuadas para salvaguardar en forma eficaz, en el futuro, las referidas pinturas.

  13. Calidad del servicio de taxis del municipio Maracaibo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joheni A. Urdaneta G.

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo describir la calidad del servicio de los taxis en el municipio Maracaibo, ya que los mismos forman parte del sistema de transporte urbano de la ciudad, y es un servicio público fundamental para la convivencia de la sociedad; para lograr este objetivo se realizó una adaptación del modelo SERVPERF, diseñando un instrumento tipo cuestionario, con 32 ítems en 6 dimensiones, adecuado a las características propias del servicio de taxi, con la finalidad de confirmar que los ítems de los instrumentos se correspondían con las dimensiones adaptadas se aplicó la técnica de análisis factorial resultando un nuevo instrumento con 24 ítems en 3 dimensiones. Se utilizó la escala de Likert con tres (3 alternativas de respuesta. La investigación es de tipo descriptiva y aplicada, bajo diseño no experimental de tipo transeccional descriptiva y de campo. La población quedó conformada por los usuarios de las líneas de taxis del municipio Maracaibo. Se aplicó muestreo aleatorio por conglomerado. La confiabilidad del instrumento se midió a través del coeficiente alfa de Cronbach resultando de 0,82 lo cual se considera aceptable. Los resultados revelan que la calidad del servicio de taxis del municipio Maracaibo es mediana por lo tanto este servicio es susceptible a mejoras, las cuales son necesarias para elevar la calidad de vida de los marabinos. Este resultado se obtuvo con el instrumento originalmente adaptado de 32 ítems y con el cuestionario resultante del análisis factorial, de 24 ítems; esto confirma lo apropiado de esta técnica, ya que se redujo el número de ítems y de las dimensiones originalmente adaptadas y no se encontraron diferencias significativas en los resultados con ambos instrumentos; de esta manera se puede medir la calidad del servicio de taxis en el municipio Maracaibo a través de las dimensiones: confiabilidad del servicio, socialización y responsabilidad.

  14. DE LA SOCIEDAD DEL CONOCIMIENTO A LA SOCIEDAD DEL RIESGO

    OpenAIRE

    Abdala Cardona, Alejandro

    2013-01-01

    El tiempo en el que vivimos: el siglo XXI, presenta a la vez, retos y exigencias al conjunto global de los habitantes del mundo, puesto que, no solo se nos presenta la actualidad como aquella coyuntura histórica en los que el cambio de los acontecimientos gira en torno al rol central del conocimiento, sino también, en torno al potencial que dicho conocimiento trae tras de sí; es decir, el presente siglo impone al conjunto de personas el rótulo de "sociedad del conocimiento" donde se puede enc...

  15. Historia del desarrollo institucional turístico del Meta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Vergel

    2002-11-01

    el primer plan de desarrollo turístico departamental, se comienza a visualizar diferentes tipologías de turismo que se podían desarrollar como el Ecoturismo y a trabajar en pro de ello. Surge luego el segundo Plan Sectorial del Meta visualizando al turismo como producto. Posteriormente se realiza un Estudio Exploratorio sobre el Potencial Turístico del Meta y la promoción turística del departamento comienza a surgir con la participación en ferias y vitrinas turísticas importantes logrando así fijar un mercado turístico: Bogotá.

  16. Perfil del director hospitalario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabril Pontón Laverde

    1990-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN El hospital, sin importar su tamaño, es una empresa de servicios con una importante función social que trabaja dentro de las características administrativas y económicas generales, toda vez que actúa dentro de un  SISTEMA ABIERTO con los componentes clásicos de una demanda cíclica de servicios de salud, que requiere de una organización con personas, materiales y equipos que trabajan para dar respuesta a esa carencia y que produce resultados que benefician a la comunidad. Tienen un efecto de retroalimentación (Feed – back con base con las experiencias, expectativas y nuevas demandas de servicios y que trabajan dentro de una comunidad precisa, como parte integrante de un sistema mayor, al cual beneficia y fortalece con sus resultados y del que depende para su supervivencia.

  17. Los presupuestos del Concurso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Línea de Investigación “De la Crisis Empresarial

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito es el resultado de uno de los proyectos de investigación adelantados por el Departamento de Derecho Comercial de la Universidad Externado de Colombia. En el se hace una aproximación histórica a los presupuestos para acceder a los trámites concursales en Perú, Argentina y España, analizándolos desde los puntos doctrinal, académico y legal.Así mismo, es parte integrante de un trabajo más amplio que pretende elaborar un documento contentivo del tratamiento que se da a los presupuestos concursales a nivel mundial.En este orden de ideas, nos permitimos presentar un análisis minucioso de la legislación de los citados países iberoamericanos.

  18. cuarto del siglo XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Nieto Calmaestra

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Los últimos 25 años del siglo XX han supuesto un sustancial cambio en el modelo de crecimiento de la población andaluza. Así, mientras la caída de la fecundidad y la estabilización de las tasas de mortalidad han contribuido a un progresivo retroceso de la vitalidad natural, la masiva emigración de antaño ha dado paso al papel de Andalucía como incipiente foco de inmigración y al creciente protagonismo de movimientos internos de relocalización de la población. Desde el punto de vista territorial estas afirmaciones quedan matizadas por los notables contrastes que se producen entre los distintos ámbitos que conforman la región y que contraponen al medio rural con el urbano, al litoral con el interior o a las grandes ciudades con sus periferias.

  19. del caribe colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Amar A.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación indagó acerca de la construcción de conceptos económicos en una muestra de 50 estudiantes universitarios, residentes en una ciudad multifinanciera de la región Caribe colombiana. Para conocer las conceptualizaciones se aplicó una entrevista en profundidad que permitió indagar sobre la función, valor y circulación del dinero y la emisión y acuñación monetaria. Se encontró que sólo el 24% de los jóvenes universitarios alcanza el nivel de pensamiento económico inferencial, y no hay diferencias significativas de acuerdo con el programa académico al que pertenecen. Los resultados indican que los jóvenes presentan un desfase en cuanto a nivel de pensamiento económico, de acuerdo con el contexto internacional.

  20. Avatares del paradigma conexionista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asier Arias

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Hace ahora un año que falleciera David Everett Rumelhart, conexionista pionero y editor junto con James Lloyd McClelland de la llamada “biblia del Procesamiento Distribuido en Paralelo” (PDP. Al mismo tiempo, los dos volúmenes de la referida biblia celebraban su vigésimo quinto cumpleaños. También uno de los padres de la inteligencia artificial, John McCarthy, que bautizara de hecho la disciplina, nos abandonó el pasado mes de octubre a los 84 años. Estas tres efemérides nos sirven de pretexto para un breve recorrido por las derivas y obstáculos a los que se ha enfrentado el llamado paradigma conexionista desde su puesta en escena como alternativa al cognitivismo clásico.

  1. El reordenamiento del mundo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Pasquali

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se publica la propuesta de marco histórico y proyección de futuro de Antonio Pasquiali, en nuestra opinión, es útil referente contextualizado para los ensayos y estudios de caso sobre la formación del comunicador profesional. La evolución reciente de la filosofía, la ciencia y la tecnología llevan a Pasquali a afirmar que la humanidad se encamina lentamente hacia la reformulación global de la moral de la intersubjetividad, y a replantear desde sus cimientos el contrato social que concierne a la comunicación social mediática.

  2. Beneficios del descanso peritoneal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Lucas Martín Espejo

    Full Text Available Introducción: Valorar si el descanso peritoneal, de al menos un día semanal, ha supuesto mejoras en la rehabilitación de los pacientes y el impacto clínico que puede suponer. Nos planteamos además cuantificar el beneficio económico. Material y Método: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, retrospectivo, descriptivo. De los pacientes atendidos en nuestra unidad desde el 1 de enero de 2014 al 31 de diciembre de 2014, se estudiaron los pacientes que cumplieran todo el año de seguimiento y que no procedieran de otras técnicas de depuración como la hemodiálisis o trasplante renal. La muestra de estudio estuvo compuesta por 40 pacientes, de los que 21 tuvieron prescrito al menos 1 día semanal de descanso peritoneal y 19 pacientes sin descanso. Se recogieron las siguientes variables al inicio del periodo de estudio y a los 12 meses: Variables demográficas, variables relacionadas con el estado de volumen, datos clínicos relacionados con la técnica, se pasó una encuesta de satisfacción a todos los pacientes estudiados, y se recogieron los importes del coste mensual de cada tipo de tratamiento. Resultados: Las diferencias iniciales entre los grupos, eran esperables ya que son los valores en los cuales se ha basado la prescripción del día de descanso. La exposición a la glucosa, al comienzo y al final fue menor en el grupo con descanso. Al año, no se encontró diferencias en los parámetros estudiados. Una encuesta de satisfacción nos reveló a que dedican los pacientes el día de descanso y los que no lo tienen a que lo dedicarían. Conclusiones: El descanso peritoneal no ha supuesto una peor evolución de los parámetros clínicos estudiados al año de seguimiento, cumpliendo las recomendaciones de adecuación de diálisis de las guías clínicas. La exposición a la glucosa, aun sin llegar a ser significativa por la duración del estudio, ha sido menor en el grupo con descanso. El día de descanso ha facilitado a los pacientes

  3. Carta del editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Mauricio Covarrubias-Moreno

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Henos aquí con un nuevo número de RIESED. Después de casi un año de ver la luz, y como lo anticipábamos en la carta del editor que acompañaba al número fundacional, hacer una revista electrónica no ha sido una tarea sencilla. Un año más tarde no podemos sino confirmar esa opinión.Gracias al decidido trabajo de los autores, revisores y miembros del equipo editorial hemos podido hacerlo. El proceso de revisión de los artículos ha merecido un cuidado, dedicación y tiempo especiales, que hicieron necesario demorar unos días la fecha de publicación de este tercer número. Asumimos un compromiso con la calidad y estamos convencidos que esa es la única posibilidad de éxito para una revista científica. El contenido y nivel de los artículos disponibles servirá sin duda como incentivo para que los investigadores deseen publicar sus aportes en RIESED.Agradezco especialmente a la Dra. Gloria Rosique Cedillo, Editora Invitada y Coordinadora de este tercer número, así como al investigador César Nicandro Cruz-Rubio, Editor Asociado, apreciados colegas con quienes he tenido el privilegio de trabajar a lo largo de estos meses, y cuya dedicación y esmero han hecho posible RIESED 3.Por otra parte, derivado de nuestro proyecto editorial informo a ustedes de la creación de la Cátedra RIESED. Educación y Sociedad. Esta Cátedra es una iniciativa que la Universidad del Desarrollo Empresarial y Pedagógico ha impulsado en estrecha colaboración con el Grupo de Investigación en Gobierno Administración y Políticas Públicas (GIGAPP del Instituto Universitario de Investigación Ortega y Gasset (IUIOG, Fundación Ortega – Marañón; así como, con la Academia Internacional de Ciencias Político Administrativas y Estudios de Futuro A.C.La Cátedra está concebida como un espacio de diálogo y reflexión interdisciplinario sobre las diferentes temáticas abordadas en RIESED. En el marco de esta iniciativa académica, se invita a los miembros

  4. Memoria del mal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semprún, Jorge

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In May 2003 the twelfth edition of the «Aranguren Conferences» was held. Jorge Semprún gave three keynote speeches titled «Kant and the Maquis’ rucksack», «The radical evil and the Buchenwald latrines» and «Literature and memory of the evil: from Sartre to Paul Ricoeur», all of them grouped under the generic denomination Memory of Evil. The thread running through the three speeches was Semprún’s experience as a political deportee at Buchenwald concentration camp, so close to the Weimar camp of Schiller and Goethe. There, he could experience the radical evil, but also the brotherhood through the antifascist resistance groups who coordinated the various clandestine political groups at the camp. This experience helped him review some of the philosophical readings he had done as a philosphy student at the Sorbonne, as well as those readings he took an interest in following the end of the war. In this way, Semprún went over various authors (Immanuel Kant, André Malraux, Edmund Husserl, Jacques Maritain, Martin Heidegger, Karl Marx, Hannah Arendt, Jean Paul Sartre, Paul Ricoeur or Primo Levi arguing their relationship with the issue of Evil.

    En mayo de 2003 se celebró la duodécima edición de las «Conferencias Aranguren». Jorge Semprún dictó tres conferencias magistrales tituladas «Kant y la mochila del maquis», «El mal radical y las letrinas de Buchenwald» y «Literatura y memoria del mal: de Sartre a Paul Ricoeur», agrupadas todas ellas bajo el título genérico de Memoria del mal. El hilo conductor de las tres intervenciones fue la experiencia de Semprún como deportado político en el campo de concentración de Buchenwald, tan cercano al Weimar de Schiller y Goethe. Allí pudo experimentar el mal radical, pero también la fraternidad, a través de los grupos de resistencia antifascista que coordinaban en el campo los distintos grupos políticos clandestinos. Esta experiencia le sirvió para repasar las lecturas

  5. [Feminismos del siglo XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Xosé Agra

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ¿Qué soluciones políticas podemos encontrar para las nuevas formas de subjetividad? ¿Cómo debe la teoría feminista interpretar la voluntad de romper los límites y, al mismo tiempo, la necesidad de normalidad? Los pensadores posmodernos son escépticos respecto de las nociones tradicionales de identidad; los límites que definen al sujeto no sólo construyen sino que también excluyen. Debemos oponernos a las interpretaciones dominantes de normalidad y aceptar otras posibles alternativas a los modelos tradicionales. Necesitamos ir más allá del binario sistema sexo/género y de la orientación sexual y mantener una mentalidad abierta, persiguiendo una filosofía de la libertad.

  6. La materialidad del sonido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Manuel Stepanian Taracido

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available La investigación sobre los procesos de producción sonora en la crea-ción de obras audiovisuales afectan, en términos generales, a cuestio-nes exclusivamente tecnológicas. Para valorar su rendimiento expresi-vo en la construcción del discurso es imprescindible que, de forma paralela, esta investigación se aborde también desde la perspectiva de la realización audiovisual.Para ello es necesario asumir que los conceptos básicos en los que se fundamenta el desarrollo tecnológico no han de ser necesariamente esenciales en los estudios que se plantean desde puntos de vista creati-vos.En particular es oportuno someter a examen el concepto de fidelidad y reivindicar las posibilidades emotivas, e incluso significantes, de formatos de producción sonora hoy en desuso.

  7. La democracia del futuro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Borja

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El desarrollo logrado por la informática, la microelectrónica y en general las nuevas tecnologías de la información, hace que del zoon politikon aristotélico se pase al homo digitalis posmoderno, de una "democracia restringida" a una telecracia: en el siglo XXI. El autor vaticina que el voto se hará vía computadores desde casa a través de éstos, los gobernantes podrán tener una relación directa con los gobernados, las consultas populares serán más frecuentes, las implicaciones para los regímenes democráticos serán enormes y es en torno a ellas que reflexiona el autor

  8. Valor social del anciano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luna Torres Bertha

    1997-11-01

    Full Text Available

    The old age is been surrounded bymisteries, myths and prejuidices. The concepts and the valoration of the ancient man, have been contradictory. In different places and in many cultural moments, the old man has been taken from the glory to the scorn. The actual world scrolls the ancient in a very fast rhythm; the social changes have generayed conditions of disadvantajes for that group of the population, difficulting even more the process of growing old, that in fact has a lot of limitations. Its important that a lot of professionals from many institutions involved with this important cause, join the work developed by geriatrics and gerontologics;  soin this way we can restore the social values of the ancient, who deserves a peacefull old age in compensation with his participation in the job of building a better society. Only in this way, the fear to grow old will be lost.

    La vejez se ha visto rodeada de tabúes, mitos y prejuicios. Han sido contradictorios los conceptos y la valoración del anciano, quien en lugares y momentos culturales ha estado desde ensalzado hasta despreciado. El mundo actual, desplaza al geronte a ritmo acelerado; los cambios sociales han generado condiciones de marginalidad para ese sector de población, dificultando aun más el proceso de envejecer, que de hecho tiene limitaciones. Es por eso importante que al trabajo que desarrollan geriatras y gerontólogos se sumen otros profesionales y un sinnúmero de entidades; en aras de eliminar prejuicios y rescatar el valor social del anciano, quien por su legado merece un ocaso, que compense su aporte y participación en la construcción de la sociedad, solo así se perderá el miedo a envejecer.

     

  9. Discurso del Presidente Entrante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Rueda Pérez

    1994-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Santafé de Bogotá, D.C., 17 de mayo de 1994

    Señoras y señores:

    Estoy profundamente conmovido y emocionado, al escuchar los elogiosos comentarios de quienes me precedieron en el uso de la palabra, pues, aunque inmerecidos, naturalmente me enorgullecen sobremanera.

    Quiero, antes de iniciar mi discurso, agradecer a la noble Academia de la Lengua, a su presidente doctor Jaime Posada y a los miembros de su Junta Directiva, la generosa hospitalidad en este precioso auditorio que contribuye a dar realce a esta sesión solemne.

    Muchas Gracias.

    Deseo manifestar, que los conceptos que vaya emitir, reflejan mi pensamiento y por tanto, de ellos soy responsable. No pretendo con ellos criticar, ni mucho menos ofender, a personas o instituciones, son más que todo reflexiones, que me llevan a propuestas de trabajo para el futuro y espero que así sean percibidas y analizadas por esta distinguida audiencia.

    El día 3 de enero de 1873, el joven médico Abraham Aparicio, reunió en su residencia, en las primeras horas de la fría noche santafereña, a sus colegas Manuel Plata Azuero, Nicolás Osario, Liborio Zerda, Leoncio Barreta y Evaristo García, con el propósito de crear una sociedad científica, para el estudio y adelanto de las ciencias médicas y naturales, así como para solidarizar al cuerpo médico y darle unidad al ejercicio profesional en el país. Así nació la Sociedad de Medicina y Ciencias Naturales que posteriormente sería elevada a la categoría de Academia Nacional de Medicina, por la Ley 71 de 22 de noviembre de 1890.

    Sin embargo, bien vale la pena rememorar los orígenes aún más remotos, de esta insigne institución.

    El 29 de diciembre de 1816, el Dr. Pablo Fernández de la Reguera, médico cirujano, químico y boticario mayor del ejército expedicionario, inspector de los hospitales, en comunicación dirigida al Sr. Brigadier Don Juan Sámano, Gobernador militar y político de la

  10. Carta del Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blasco Fernando Checa Montúfar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En "El laberinto de la ciberred" se habla de los beneficios y problemas que caracteriza el caos existente en la telaraña cibernética. Ahora el cibernauta puede acceder a una inimaginable oferta de información multimedia. Este caos garantiza libertades, pero presenta enormes limitaciones para quienes no tienen acceso a la tecnología, particularmente en países de América Latina, carentes de Políticas de Comunicación que generen condiciones para un uso intensivo, extensivo y democrático de la ciberred. En el tema “La televisión por cable" relacionado con la cultura visual, multimediática, satelital, informática, televisionada, se señala que tiene como soporte a la más antigua nueva tecnología, la televisión por cable. Se trata de uno de los más grandes negocios disputados por los magnates nacionales y transnacionales de la comunicación que atraparon para el año 2000 a más de 20 millones de suscriptores de la televisión pagada. En esta entrega se presentan distintos acercamientos del perfil del ombudsman de prensa, las ventajas y límites de esta institución, su necesaria independencia, trasfondo ético, autonomía y otros aspectos que contribuirán a fortalecer mecanismos adecuados para controlar este "peligroso poder”

  11. Carta del editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simón Espinosa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La autora relata la historia de las Relaciones Públicas y dice que surgieron y se desarrollaron para legitimar ante el público los intereses económicos y políticos de quienes detentan el poder. Se cuestiona sobre el por qué no aplicar las relaciones públicas, en organizaciones populares, para que mejoren su publicación y orienten sus propósitos de desarrollo. El tema que aborda las Políticas culturales en América Latina acopia un extracto de lo más trascendente de los ensayos del libro editado por Néstor García Canclini. Sobre la telenovela se afirma que esta ha llegado a ser uno de los instrumentos más importantes de la comunicación popular: por ella desfilan las identidades de las más variadas culturas brasileñas. Y en cuanto a la caricatura se relata lo que ocurrió en el Seminario taller " Caricatura y Periodismo", realizado el(9-11 de Nov.- 1987 en el CIESPAL. El estudio sobre el mercado del vídeo se ve dificultado por la imprecisión de los datos obtenidos. Los datos oficiales no siempre se aproximan a la realidad, pues el mercado de vídeo se instauró en América Latina partiendo de una lógica totalmente diversa de los equipos de sonido e imagen.

  12. Peritoneal Dialysis in Western Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Struijk, Dirk G

    2015-12-01

    better quality of life worldwide, but its prevalence is significantly lower than that of HD in all countries, with the exception of Hong Kong. Allowing reimbursement of PD but not HD has permitted to increase the use of PD over HD in many Asian countries like Hong Kong, Vietnam, Taiwan, Thailand, as well as in New Zealand and Australia over the last years. In the Western world, however, HD is still promoted, and the proportion of patients treated with PD decreases. Japan remains an exception in Asia where PD penetration is very low. Lack of adequate education of practitioners and information of patients might as well be reasons for the low penetration of PD in both the East and West. (2) Patient survival of PD varies between and within countries but is globally similar to HD. (3) Peritonitis remains the main cause of morbidity in PD patients. South Asian countries face specific issues such as high tuberculosis and mycobacterial infections, which are rare in developed Asian and Western countries. The infection rate is affected by climatic and socio-economic factors and is higher in hot, humid and rural areas. (4) Nevertheless, the promotion of a PD-first policy might be beneficial particularly for remote populations in emerging countries where the end-stage renal disease rate is increasing dramatically.

  13. Zambia mental health country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayeya, John; Chazulwa, Roy; Mayeya, Petronella Ntambo; Mbewe, Edward; Magolo, Lonia Mwape; Kasisi, Friday; Bowa, Annel Chishimba

    2004-01-01

    This country profile for Zambia was compiled between 1998 and 2002. The objectives of the exercise were to first of all avail policymakers, other key decision makers and leaders in Zambia, information about mental health in Zambia in order to assist policy and services development. Secondly, to facilitate comparative analyses of mental health services between countries. The work involved formation of a core group of experts who coordinated the collection of information from the various organizations in Zambia. The information was later shared to a broad spectrum of stakeholders for consensus. A series of focus group discussions (FGDs) supplemented the information collected. There are various factors that contribute to mental health in Zambia. It is clear from the Zambian perspective that social, demographic, economic, political, environmental, cultural and religious influences affect the mental health of the people. With a population of 10.3 million and annual growth rate of 2.9%, Zambia is one of the most urbanized countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Poverty levels stood at 72.9% in 1998. In terms of unemployment, the most urbanized provinces, Lusaka (the capital city), and the copper-belt are the most affected. The gross domestic product (GDP) is US$3.09 billion dollars while per capita income is US$300. The total budget allocation for health in the year 2002 was 15% while the proportion of the GDP per capita expenditure for health was 5.6%. The HIV/AIDS prevalence rates stand at 20% among the reproductive age group 15-49 years. Political instability and wars in neighbouring states has resulted in an influx of refugees. Environmental factors affecting the country include natural and man-made disasters such as floods and drought, mine accidents, and deforestation. To a large extent in Zambia, people who are mentally ill are stigmatized, feared, scorned at, humiliated and condemned. However, caring for mental ill health in old age is positively perceived. It is

  14. Youth Entrepreneurship in Visegrad Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Holienka

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of our paper is to analyse the entrepreneurial activity drivers of youth and young adults in Visegrad countries, considering the opportunity/necessity motivation dichotomy. Research Design & Methods: We employ the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor data for young individuals (18 to 34 years from V4 countries for years 2011 to 2013. We use the binomial logistic regression modelling with logit transformation. Separate models are constructed for youth and young adults, as well as for opportunity- and necessity-driven entrepreneurial activity. Findings: We found common drivers and distinctive attributes affecting involvement of young people in business start-up according to its motivation. Self-confidence and access to networks are universally important factors. In most examined cases, fear of failure and being a female reduces chance of business start-up. Especially among youth, being a student significantly inhibits involvement in enterprising efforts. Implications & Recommendations: In order to support youth entrepreneurship, an emphasis should be put on education and training to build skills and knowledge required to business start-up, together with capacity to spot opportunities, and reduce fear of failure.  Also, formal and informal networking plays an important role. Contribution & Value Added: Based on empirical analysis, our findings point out the key drivers of entrepreneurial activity among young people in V4 countries. We show directions for policy makers aiming to foster entrepreneurship within young generation as both way to exploit available business opportunities, as well as reaction to necessity situations.

  15. Nuclear cardiology for developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feinendegen, L.E.

    1986-01-01

    The role of nuclear medicine in developing countries must be oriented to the local needs for clinical practice, the health care of large populations and the demands for research with sometimes extremely limited resources. To help define the locally differing needs, it is stressed that nuclear medicine provides the unique opportunity to observe the body at the molecular level of organization and thus makes the body biochemically transparent. Depending on the particular diagnostic demands, complex imaging with gamma scintigraphy or emission tomography may be the only method to choose in some instances, but for others it may be an unnecessary luxury. Nuclear cardiology, with the purpose of non-invasively assessing cardiac function, myocardial perfusion and myocardial metabolism, is a particular challenge in both respects for developing countries. Given such requirements, single-probe devices with multipurpose application are less expensive than gamma cameras and promise advanced diagnostic uses. In one examination, left ventricular function, global cardio-pulmonary circulation and the general circulatory adaptation to exercise can be investigated by non-gated simultaneous blood pool measurements over four lung regions, the heart and the liver. In addition, such devices have the advantages of compactness, robustness and electronic stability. Despite enormous difficulties regarding funding, infrastructure, equipment and maintenance, developing countries should be encouraged to participate in the evolution of nuclear medicine by responding and adapting to defined needs and perhaps by maintaining at least one national centre of excellence with capacities for research and training. Funds are best secured by providing an indispensable service in co-operation with the various clinical disciplines. (author)

  16. Cambodia: Country Poverty Analysis 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Asian Development Bank (ADB); Asian Development Bank (ADB); Asian Development Bank (ADB); Asian Development Bank (ADB)

    2014-01-01

    Cambodia’s new national poverty lines show higher historical poverty rates and a dramatic decline in poverty during the 2007–2009 global financial crisis. With 18.9% of the population being poor in 2012, Cambodia now counts among the countries with the most rapid poverty reduction in the world. However, many people moved only slightly above the poverty line—remaining highly vulnerable—and poverty is increasing both in urban areas and according to the international poverty line of $2 per day. ...

  17. Construction industry in developing countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moavenzadeh, F

    1978-01-01

    This paper provides a review of the construction capability available in the developing countries to meet the demand for shelter. It discusses the role of construction in the process of development and its importance to economic growth. It considers the issue facing the growth of a viable indigenous construction industry in the developing world within the context of the activities involved in the creation of constructed facilities--planning, design, contruction and maintenance; it also examines the environment within which the industry has developed. For each construction activity the paper reviews available capabilities, the various resources needed for the development of an indigenous industry, and some possible means of accommodating these needs.

  18. La legitimidad del derecho penal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Bernate-Ochoa

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available El interrogante sobre la legitimidad del derecho penal se ha convertido en un asunto medular dentro de los estudios contemporáneos sobre la materia, dado que hoy en día se reconoce que a partir de la solución a este interrogante teórico se puede asumir la tarea de construir un sistema. El panorama contemporáneo nos ofrece dos soluciones al respecto: por una parte, se sostiene que la legitimación del derecho penal emana de la Constitución, y se prescinde de una construcción sistémica del delito en aras de la obtención de consecuencias acordes con lo planteado en la Carta Política. Por otra, desde una propuesta -de corte normativista- se entiende que la legitimación del derecho penal debe encontrarse en la sociedad, y a partir del entendimiento de ésta se encuentra la necesidad de aquél, lo cual ejerce una influencia en la construcción del sistema del delito.

  19. Del internacionalismo al nacionalismo: rumbos del conflicto armado en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Zuleta P.

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo tiene por propósito sugerir una interpretación del desarrollo del conflicto armado colombiano durante la última década del siglo XX mediante el uso de la concepción de poder de Michel Foucault. Ello con miras a presentar alternativas analíticas frente a la relación entre lo global y lo local donde se consideren algunas de las hipótesis contemporáneas sobre la cuestión del nacionalismo. El ensayo utiliza el término nacionalismo como sustantivo (lo que es en lugar de como adjetivo (lo que debe ser y ordena los conjuntos de acciones que, en torno al proyecto de lo nacional, han sido puestos en práctica por las guerrillas en Colombia.

  20. Gestión del riesgo del cambio (primera parte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pablo Zorrilla

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available A partir de la desaparición del sistema Bretton-Woods, y la libre flotación del tipo de cambio, el mundo se volvió más susceptible a todo tipo de riesgos. El presente artículo pretende explicar a los gestores financieros o empresarios interesados en el tema de instrumentos financieros derivados, a conocer lo más relevante y necesario acerca del uso de futuros sobre el tipo de cambio, instrumento útil para cubrir riesgos derivados del tipo de cambio para las empresas que se dedican a importar, exportar o para protegerse de un crédito otorgado en moneda extranjera.

  1. Calidad del software: camino hacia una verdadera industria del software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saulo Ernesto Rojas Salamanca

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available El software es quizá uno de los productos de la ingeniería que más ha evolucionado en muy poco tiempo, pasando desde el software empírico o artesanal hasta llegar al software desarrollado bajo los principios y herramientas de la ingeniería del software. Sin embargo, dentro de estos cambios, las personas encargadas de la elaboración del software se han enfrentado a problemas muy comunes: unos debido a la exigencia cada vez mayor en la capacidad de resultados del software, debido al permanente cambio de condiciones lo que aumenta su complejidad y obsolescencia; y otros, debido a la carencia de herramientas adecuadas y estándares de tipo organizacional encaminados al mejoramiento de los procesos en el desarrollo del software. Hacia la búsqueda de mecanismos de solución de estos últimos problemas se orienta este artículo...

  2. Perspectivas del derecho procesal constitucional

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández-Villarreal, Gabriel-Angel

    2007-01-01

    Este texto recoge las ponencias que participaron en el Foro Internacional de Derecho Procesal Constitucional, que con gran éxito se realizó en el mes de junio de 2005, en las aulas de la Universidad Colegio Mayor de Nuestra Señora del Rosario de Bogotá; razón por la cual contiene el fruto maduro de las investigaciones realizadas por algunos de los más notables exponentes del derecho procesal constitucional en América del Sur. El lector de esta obra se encontrará con riguroso trabajo sobre alg...

  3. Contabilidad del impuesto sobre beneficios

    OpenAIRE

    Luceño Martínez, Haizea

    2017-01-01

    Este Trabajo Fin de Grado pretende dar una explicación al tratamiento contable del Impuesto de Sociedades. Siendo un impuesto que hay que contabilizar, pero que se calcula siguiendo criterios fiscales, lleva a tener que realizar ajustes que tendrán su repercusión contable. El punto de partida no es otra que la norma de registro y valoración 13ª del PGC, que versa sobre cómo hay que proceder a contabilizar el Gasto por Impuesto de Sociedades, que se compone tanto del Gasto por Impuesto Co...

  4. Pediatric anesthesia in developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bösenberg, Adrian T

    2007-06-01

    To highlight the problems faced in developing countries where healthcare resources are limited, with particular emphasis on pediatric anesthesia. The fact that very few publications address pediatric anesthesia in the developing world is not surprising given that most anesthetics are provided by nonphysicians, nurses or unqualified personnel. In compiling this article information is drawn from pediatric surgical, anesthetic and related texts. In a recent survey more than 80% of anesthesia providers in a poor country acknowledged that with the limited resources available they could not provide basic anesthesia for children less than 5 years. Although many publications could be regarded as anecdotal, the similarities to this survey suggest that the lack of facilities is more generalized than we would like to believe. The real risk of anesthesia in comparison to other major health risks such as human immunodeficiency virus, malaria, tuberculosis and trauma remains undetermined. The critical shortage of manpower remains a barrier to progress. Despite erratic electrical supplies, inconsistent oxygen delivery, paucity of drugs or equipment and on occasion even lack of running water, many provide life-saving anesthesia. Perioperative morbidity and mortality is, however, understandably high by developed world standards.

  5. Infection control in developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meers, P D

    1988-02-01

    The level of socio-political and economic development achieved by a country determines the quality and quantity of the health care its citizens receive. These factors also govern the amount of attention given to hospital-acquired infection. The problems of infection control in 'developing' countries include, first, the international problems that arise from clashes of personality and viewpoint among those responsible for it, exacerbated in some places by ethnic or religious traditions. Second are problems imposed by factors that affect the spectrum of infectious disease, and third is a variable deficiency of human and financial resources. In the search for solutions, an analysis suggests that nurses are particularly suited to take the lead in the prevention of infection, so that a special initiative directed towards their education in the rapidly developing science of hospital infection and its control is likely to be the most cost effective and appropriate initial approach. This needs to be accompanied by parallel improvements in the education of medical undergraduates. Anything else should be applied in response to measured need, and then only as money and manpower permit. Careful thought is required to avoid squandering scarce resources by applying inappropriate infection control technology.

  6. Country report on contamination monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oyuntulkhuur, Navaangalsan [National Centre for Hygiene, Epidemiology and Microbiology (Mongolia). Central Radiological Laboratory

    1997-06-01

    Mongolia is a non-nuclear country and has currently neither nuclear power plants nor research reactors. This country joined the Regional Co-operation Agreement (RCA) for the Asia Pacific region for research, development and training related to nuclear science and technology in 1993. Various measures has been taken for strengthening of radiation protection, cooperated with several international organizations mainly with IAEA. In Mongolia radioactive substances and sources are used for the following purposes: for research work; medical radiotherapy and diagnostic radiology in hospitals; industrial enterprises for technological processes; and for non-destructive testing in industry. Radiation safety inspection is conducted by the CRL. The inspections consist of verification of compliance with radiation safety requirements and with any additional requirements specified in the authorization of accounting records and a physical check on the presence of radiation sources; check on the work carried out by the radiation safety services to monitor radioactive contamination of the environment; and measurements and sampling. CRL should take much attention for improvement and development of the activities in the field of surface contamination monitoring concerning a wide use of radionuclides in different field of economy. (G.K.)

  7. Health, globalization and developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cilingiroglu, Nesrin

    2005-02-01

    In health care today, scientific and technological frontiers are expanding at unprecedented rates, even as economic and financial pressures shrink profit margins, intensify competition, and constrain the funds available for investment. Therefore, the world today has more economic, and social opportunities for people than 10 or 100 years since globalization has created a new ground somewhat characterized by rapid economic transformation, deregulation of national markets by new trade regimes, amazing transport, electronic communication possibilities and high turnover of foreign investment and capital flow as well as skilled labor. These trends can easily mask great inequalities in developing countries such as importation and spreading of infectious and non-communicable diseases; miniaturization of movement of medical technology; health sector trades management driven by economics without consideration to the social and health aspects and its effects, increasing health inequalities and their economic and social burden creation; multinational companies' cheap labor employment promotion in widening income differentials; and others. As a matter of fact, all these factors are major determinants of ill health. Health authorities of developing countries have to strengthen their regulatory framework in order to ensure that national health systems derive maximum benefit in terms of equity, quality and efficiency, while reducing potential social cost to a minimum generated risky side of globalization.

  8. Eastern countries - WIN activity review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stiopol, Mihaela

    1998-01-01

    Women can play this important role in informing people about nuclear energy. WIN is a world-wide association of women working professionally in the fields of nuclear energy and radiation application who want to devote their time to public information. The main goal of the WIN is to establish an objective and effective communication with the public through educational programmes, information exchange and arranging study visits. The membership includes women working in medicine and health care, in regulatory authorities, in industry and as independent researches at Universities. They want to contribute to objectively informing the public by making presentation, discussing and giving information materials on subjects such as; radiation, radioactivity and health effects medical applications nuclear energy nuclear power plants and their safety nuclear and environment uranium mining radiation protection energy sustainable development WIN is also open to men, supporting the goals of WIN. The intention of this paper was to underline the main aspects which reflect WIN activity in some Eastern and Central countries. There are common features and also specific elements for each country. But the goal is the same: to assure an effective and a real information of the public related to the nuclear field

  9. Entrenamiento funcional del core: eje del entrenamiento inteligente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Dario Pinzón Ríos

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: La evolución del entrenamiento físico busca la optimización de la salud y el bienestar, como piedra angular de todo programa de ejercicio. El Entrenamiento Funcional (EF es recomendable para optimizar el control postural del core, mejorando el balance y la ejecución de actividades de la vida diaria.  Objetivo: Revisar la definición, elementos constitutivos, características e implicaciones del EF del core en el movimiento corporal humano (MCH y la salud desde la perspectiva del fisioterapeuta. Metodología: Se incluyeron artículos en inglés y español de las bases Pubmed, Scielo y Ebsco; adicionalmente se incluyeron fuentes electrónicas e impresas y libros. Resultados: 56 documentos cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. La definición más adoptada de EF fue entrenar con un propósito buscando obtener un efecto positivo en la aptitud física. Las implicaciones del EF en el MCH, se relacionan con la ganancia y mejoría de la estabilidad. La propuesta de EF enfocada a las actividades de la vida diaria incluye fases que permiten adquirir la estabilidad hasta lograr el desarrollo de movimiento que demanden más agilidad. En la planificación del EF se deben estructurar los procesos a ejecutar considerando el criterio de funcionalidad. Para organizar la sesión del EF, el fisioterapeuta cuenta con tres maneras de planificar la sesión: globales, por hemisferios y por grupos musculares. Conclusión: La fundamentación teórica sobre el EF permite al fisioterapeuta comprender y determinar cómo esta modalidad de intervención repercute de manera positiva sobre el desempeño funcional y calidad de vida de los sujetos.

  10. AIDS in the developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinker, J

    1988-01-01

    Without a medical miracle, it seems inevitable that the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) pandemic will become not only the most serious public health problem of this generation but a dominating issue in 3rd world development. As a present-day killer, AIDS in developing countries is insignificant compared to malaria, tuberculosis, or infant diarrhea, but this number is misleading in 3 ways. First, it fails to reflect the per capita rate of AIDS cases. On this basis, Bermuda, French Guyana, and the Bahamas have much higher rates than the US. Second, there is extensive underreporting of AIDS cases in most developing nations. Finally, the number of AIDS cases indicates where the epidemic was 5-7 years ago, when these people became infected. Any such projections of the growth of 3rd world AIDS epidemics are at this time based on epidemiologic data from the industrialized rations of the north and on the assumption that the virus acts similarly in the south as it does in the US and Europe. Yet, 3rd world conditions differ. Sexually transmitted diseases usually are more prevalent, and people have a different burden of other diseases and of other stresses to the immune system. In Africa, AIDS already is heavily affecting the mainstream population in some nations. Some regions will approach net population declines over the next decade. How far their populations eventually could decline because of AIDS is unclear and will depend crucially on countermeasures taken or not taken over the next 1-2 years. In purely economic terms, AIDS will affect the direct costs of health care, expenses which are unrealistic for most 3rd world countries. Further, the vast majority of deaths from AIDS in developing countries will occur among those in the sexually active age groups -- the wage earners and food producers. Deaths in this age group also will reduce the labor available for farming and industry. AIDS epidemics also may have significant effects on foreign investment in the 3rd

  11. La arquitectura de ladrillos del siglo XIX: Racionalidad y modernidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adell Argilés, Josep María

    1992-10-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of brick architectural works in Europe between the middle of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century shows that they already exploted the technical and formal material possibilities and they followed the constructive rationality tendency prevailing in the beginnings of the industrial era. These works reveal enough connections among themselves, so as to be able to assemble them under the common name of “19th Century Brick Architecture”, a name beyond nuances of style characteristic of each region or country. This article analyzes those most significant values of the Brick Architecture which allow it to be understood as a step towards modernity.

    El análisis de las obras de Arquitectura construidas con ladrillo en Europa, entre mediados del siglo XIX y principios del XX, demuestra que explotaban las posibilidades técnicas y formales del material, y seguían la corriente de racionalidad constructiva imperante en los inicios de la era industrial. Estas obras revelan suficientes conexiones entre sí, para poderlas agrupar bajo la denominación común de ''Arquitectura de Ladrillos del siglo XIX", por encima de matices estilísticos propios de cada región o país. En el artículo se analizan aquellos valores más significativos de la Arquitectura de Ladrillos, que permiten entenderla como un paso hacia la modernidad.

  12. Aspectos Hardware y Software del microprocesador 68000

    OpenAIRE

    Alcaraz Martínez, Raúl

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCCIÓN AL 68000.ORGANIZACIÓN INTERNA DEL 68000. PROGRAMACIÓN DEL 68000 EN LENGUAJE ENSAMBLADOR. ORGANIZACIÓN EXTERNA DEL 68000. EXCEPCIONES. PROGRAMACIÓN DE LA VÍA 6522. PROGRAMACIÓN DE LA DUART 68681 PARA COMUNICACIÓN SERIE. EVOLUCIÓN DEL 68000

  13. La finalidad del proceso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Alfonso Cordero Gutiérrez

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:El tipo de Estado que Colombia asumió desde 1991 (Estado Social de Derecho, implica que el cumplimiento de los fines estatales se comparten con la población, generando de esta forma grados de responsabilidad respecto a las cargas asumidas por ellos y el Estado para la materialización de los objetivos planteados. La satisfacción de las necesidades básicas de la población como unode los fines esenciales del Estado Social de Derecho, no escapa a este esquema, lo que determina la colaboración armónica no sólo entre las entidades y organismos del Estado sino de este, complementado con la población. Una de las necesidades básicas de la población, se refiere a la posibilidad de resolver sus conflictos haciendo uso de los mecanismos que para tal efecto tiene a su disposición, utilizando las formas de Auto tutela, Autocomposición, híbridas y de Heterocomposiciòn, que el Estado autoriza,de acuerdo a los lineamientos propios de cada mecanismo, respecto a las materias que componen los derechos sustanciales que se debaten en la relación conflictiva. Dentro de estos mecanismos de solución de conflictos, la heterocomposiciòn presenta uno llamado el proceso jurisdiccional, en donde un tercero investido de poderes específicos ejerce la jurisdicción y toma la decisión respecto al conflicto, después del agotamiento de etapas sucesivas y preclusivas que garantizan la efectiva participación, ejercicio y defensa de los derechos fundamentales y sustanciales de las partes, generando una mayor garantía de legalidad respecto a la decisión generada por ese tercero investido de plena Jurisdicción (el Juez. Por ser el proceso jurisdiccional el mecanismo más idóneo por su garantismo reglado y tecnificado, debe ser protegido, fortalecido y preferente respecto a los denominados equivalentesjurisdiccionales pues con estos el Estado pretende desplazar la competencia al momento de la resolución de los conflictos, generando un

  14. EN CONTRA DE LA CIUDAD: LA LEGITIMACIÓN DE LOS COUNTRIES EN ARGENTINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés David Daín

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo forma parte de una investigación más extensa cuyo objetivo principal es determinar cómo las urbanizaciones cerradas se legitimaron en Argentina. A tal fin, se emprende un análisis ideológico de los countries con el fin de comprender el proceso de significación que les da sentido en tanto práctica social. Particularmente, el análisis propuesto se orienta a poner en evidencia la instauración hegemónica del discurso neoliberal analizando los countries como práctica sobredeterminada. En esta dirección, se indagará acerca del modo en que se significa la vida urbana. La ciudad abierta y el barrio tradicional son significados, primordialmente, en términos de inseguridad y de desorden, y por tanto son representados como espacios poco propicios para la vida buena. Frente a esta representación de la vida urbana, los countries se erigen como un espacio seguro y, por tanto, propicio para una mayor calidad de vida, toda vez que garantizan el resguardo respecto que quienes son percibidos como una constante amenaza. En definitiva, lo que se procurará mostrar es que semejantes fijaciones de sentido se sustentan en una serie de operaciones de sentido a través de las cuales se hace presente la hegemonía del discurso neoliberal. 

  15. Hacia una conceptualización del legado del traductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guzmán María Constanza

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se propone investigar el aporte de perspectivas traductológicas para el estudio de la figura del traductor y su legado. Se centra en enfoques teóricos contemporáneos, principalmente aquellos basados en perspectivas postestructuralistas, que consideran el papel del sujeto traductor como un aspecto crucial en la traducción y los estudios literarios, y proponen maneras interesantes de abordarlo. A lo largo del artículo se cuestionan nociones como la idea de un original sacralizado, la relación entre autoría y propiedad, el ideal del significado transparente, y la tensión entre la traducción y la escritura del "original". Se presta especial atención a la importancia de ubicar históricamente la práctica del traductor, reconocer su papel como agente visible, y conceptualizar la traducción como una forma de escritura que se desarrolla en medio de complejas interacciones y negociaciones.

  16. HACIA UNA CONCEPTUALIZACIÓN DEL LEGADO DEL TRADUCTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Constanza Guzmán

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se propone investigar el aporte de perspectivas traductológicas para el estudio de la figura del traductor y su legado. Se centra en enfoques teóricos contemporáneos, principalmente aquellos basados en perspectivas postestructuralistas, que consideran el papel del sujeto traductor como un aspecto crucial en la traducción y los estudios literarios, y proponen maneras interesantes de abordarlo. A lo largo del artículo se cuestionan nociones como la idea de un original sacralizado, la relación entre autoría y propiedad, el ideal del significado transparente, y la tensión entre la traducción y la escritura del "original". Se presta especial atención a la importancia de ubicar históricamente la práctica del traductor, reconocer su papel como agente visible, y conceptualizar la traducción como una forma de escritura que se desarrolla en medio de complejas interacciones y negociaciones.

  17. Ensayo del lisado de amebocitos del Limulus (LAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolando Perdomo Morales

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años, los principales organismos reguladores de productos farmacéuticos (Farmacopeas exigen cada vez más en sus monografías la aplicación del método del lisado de amebocitos de Limulus (LAL para la liberación de pirógenos en productos terminados parenterales. El análisis de pirógenos constituye uno de los principales ensayos en el control de calidad de la fabricación de inyectables por su repercusión en la salud humana, puesto que la presencia y administración de los mismos, es capaz de provocar una serie de respuestas fisiológicas, en su mayoría de carácter perjudicial y en casos extremos, la muerte del paciente. Por las razones anteriores, existe un creciente interés en el conocimiento y dominio de estos métodos. El presente trabajo muestra una revisión bibliográfica del método del LAL, se tratan aspectos como su descubrimiento y estandarización, aparición en la industria farmacéutica y razones para su triunfo, y los basamentos de los principales métodos o variaciones comerciales del LAL (gelificación, turbidimétricos y cromogénicos que se describen en las Farmacopeas.

  18. Ensayo del lisado de amebocitos del Limulus (LAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolando Perdomo Morales

    Full Text Available En los últimos años, los principales organismos reguladores de productos farmacéuticos (Farmacopeas exigen cada vez más en sus monografías la aplicación del método del lisado de amebocitos de Limulus (LAL para la liberación de pirógenos en productos terminados parenterales. El análisis de pirógenos constituye uno de los principales ensayos en el control de calidad de la fabricación de inyectables por su repercusión en la salud humana, puesto que la presencia y administración de los mismos, es capaz de provocar una serie de respuestas fisiológicas, en su mayoría de carácter perjudicial y en casos extremos, la muerte del paciente. Por las razones anteriores, existe un creciente interés en el conocimiento y dominio de estos métodos. El presente trabajo muestra una revisión bibliográfica del método del LAL, se tratan aspectos como su descubrimiento y estandarización, aparición en la industria farmacéutica y razones para su triunfo, y los basamentos de los principales métodos o variaciones comerciales del LAL (gelificación, turbidimétricos y cromogénicos que se describen en las Farmacopeas.

  19. HACIA UNA CONCEPTUALIZACIÓN DEL LEGADO DEL TRADUCTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Constanza Guzmán

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se propone investigar el aporte de perspectivas traductológicas para el estudio de la figura del traductor y su legado. Se centra en enfoques teóricos contemporáneos, principalmente aquellos basados en perspectivas postestructuralistas, que consideran el papel del sujeto traductor como un aspecto crucial en la traducción y los estudios literarios, y proponen maneras interesantes de abordarlo. A lo largo del artículo se cuestionan nociones como la idea de un original sacralizado, la relación entre autoría y propiedad, el ideal del significado transparente, y la tensión entre la traducción y la escritura del "original". Se presta especial atención a la importancia de ubicar históricamente la práctica del traductor, reconocer su papel como agente visible, y conceptualizar la traducción como una forma de escritura que se desarrolla en medio de complejas interacciones y negociaciones.

  20. Epidemiología del tabaquismo en Europa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteve Fernández

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El tabaco es la causa de mortalidad prevenible más importante en los países europeos, en los que da cuenta de más de medio millón de muertes anuales. El objetivo de este trabajo es revisar la epidemiología del tabaquismo en Europa, atendiendo a la visión de conjunto sobre el impacto del tabaquismo, a la prevalencia del consumo y a su evolución en la última década, así como revisar otras características relacionadas con la difusión y mantenimiento del tabaquismo: la producción y los precios del tabaco. Treinta de cada 100 europeos adultos fuma cigarrillos a diario. En los países de la Unión Europea se estima que 1 de cada 10 adultos fumadores morirá a causa de los efectos del tabaco, razón que se eleva a 1 de cada 5 en los países del este de Europa. La prevalencia de fumadores desciende entre los hombres adultos en algunos países de la Unión Europea, mientras que aumenta en las mujeres, sobre todo jóvenes, del sur y del este de Europa. Se debe insistir en las medidas para controlar el consumo de tabaco y prevenirlo, tales como la prohibición del consumo en lugares públicos, la prohibición real de la publicidad directa e indirecta, la reducción del cultivo, o el incremento de precios. Estas acciones se deben diseñar, coordinar y desarrollar en y desde los diferentes sectores involucrados en la lucha contra el tabaco, con la participación de redes civiles impulsadas desde los diferentes niveles administrativos (local, regional, nacional con la decisiva participación de organismos y organizaciones supranacionales.Tobacco is the most important preventable cause of mortality in European countries, accounting for over half a million deaths per year. A review is presented on the epidemiology of tobacco smoking in Europe, using a comprehensive approach on the health effects of smoking, the prevalence of tobacco consumption, and its evolution in the past decade. Tobacco industry efforts to promote and maintain smoking through

  1. Sustaining life in frontier land. Country report 2: Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prescott-allen, R

    1993-01-01

    The Community Development Association of the fishing village of Barra del Colorado populated by Blacks embraced the Conservation Strategy for the Sustainable Development of the Plains Tortuguero covering 419,000 hectares of lowland rain forest and wetlands along the Caribbean cost of northern Costa Rica. In 1985 the government established the Barra del Colorado Wildlife Refuge. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) team visited families and identified community problems. This resulted in the establishment of a communal bank; a community fisherman's association to help obtain a boat and fishing gear; assistance to help villagers obtain title to their land; a feasibility study of a public transport link to the rest of the country; new chairs for the school; and weekly instead of monthly visits by a doctor. The Tortuguero Strategy endeavors to establish 147,000 hectares of conservation area including the Tortuguero National Park. 5000 people live in the buffer zone and 132,000 live in the neighboring western area. The strategy strives to reverse deforestation in the buffer zone by restoring forest cover to 80% of the area by 2000. The Strategy has funded the Union of Small Agricultural Producers of the Atlantic to train people in ecotourism, forestry management, and growing and selling medicinal plants. The IUCN evaluated the environmental impact of expanding banana plantations and recommended ameliorative steps which have not been implemented. The preparation of the Tortuguero Strategy started in 1990 in concert with the Natural Resources Ministry, IUCN, and the European Community. A 1992 draft document based on biophysical, socioeconomic, and legal studies is waiting for official approval. Community strategies have been launched in 2 communities, self-sustaining financing is delayed, and a draft law setting up the conservation area awaits Costa Rican legislative authorization. The strategy is for the long term, but the experience of Barra del

  2. del siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Rajchenberg S.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The recent studies that focused on the historical process of national identity’s construction in Mexico have not emphasized enough one approach: the social representation of territory. This paper explores this topic in the XIXth century Mexico intending to demonstrate how the sense of belonging and the attachment to motherland reduce the imagined nation to the limits of the central lands, the ancient Mesoamerica, excluding of the national social representations the vast north through symbolic stigmatization contrasting with the core (centre of the country full of geosymbols and posed as a privileged source for historical memory.

  3. Instalaciones del edificio de Costillares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laorden, José

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    Se describen las instalaciones de calefacción y refrigeración, fontanería, gas, central eléctrica, iluminación, teléfonos y aislamiento térmico del edificio construido en Chamartín de la Rosa para sede del instituto Técnico de la Construcción y del Cemento, dando las consideraciones generales que sirvieron para proyectarlas y analizando después para cada una de ellas las bases del proyecto, su ejecución y, finalmente, los primeros resultados de su funcionamiento. De especial interés creemos los comentarios que hacemos sobre algunos errores de proyecto o de ejecución, con lo cual quizá se puedan evitar en otros trabajos.

  4. Virus del Ébola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Lugones Botell

    Full Text Available En la actualidad, el panorama epidemiológico internacional se presenta con enfermedades infecciosas graves como el Ébola. Recientemente han ocurrido brotes en tres países del África Occidental, por lo que la Organización Mundial de la Salud ha insistido acerca del peligro que existe sobre la expansión y gravedad de esta epidemia. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica del tema con el objetivo de actualizar al médico sobre aspectos esenciales de la fiebre hemorrágica o enfermedad del Ébola. Los índices de letalidad se encuentran entre el 50 y 90 %, por lo que la Organización Mundial de la Salud hace énfasis en la importancia de la prevención mediante la higiene, lo que constituye un aspecto clave.

  5. TEA, Trastorno del Espectro Autista :

    OpenAIRE

    Vegas Martín, Irene

    2015-01-01

    La autora expone los aspectos fundamentales sobre el concepto del TEA para posteriormente mostrarnos un caso práctico y su tratamiento durante unos meses con la finalidad que sea un trabajo de consulta práctico

  6. South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty; Tratado Sobre La Zona Desnuclearizada Del Pacifico Sur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1986-02-15

    On 6 August 1985 the South Pacific Forum, a body comprising the independent and self-governing countries of the South Pacific (Australia, the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu and Western Samoa), endorsed the text of the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty and opened it for signature [Spanish] El 6 de agosto de 1985 el Foro del Pacifico Sur, organo compuesto por los paises independientes y autonomos del Pacifico Sur (Australia, Fiji, Islas Cook, Islas Salomon, Kiribati, Nauru, Niue, Nueva Zelandia, Papua Nueva Guinea, Samoa Occidental, Tonga, Tuvalu, y Vanuatu), aprobo el texto del Tratado sobre la Zona Desnuclearizada del Pacifico-Sur y lo abrio a la firma.

  7. Comportamiento del riesgo preconcepcional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús L Regueira Naranjo

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza un estudio analítico de casos y controles 1 x 1 sobre el comportamiento del riesgo preconcepcional en 35 consultorios, pertenecientes al Policlínico Comunitario Docente "Tula Aguilera", del Municipio Camagüey. El grupo estudio estuvo constituido por las mujeres con riesgo preconcepcional que concibieron un embarazo y fueron captadas en el período desde el 1ro. de enero al 30 de junio de 1994. El grupo control se constituyó con mujeres sin antecedentes de riesgo preconcepcional y que fueron captadas en igual período y la misma área de salud. Los resultados más notables fueron: como riesgo biológico la desnutrición materna III-IV con el 36,76 %, la anemia con el 48,52 %, la sepsis urinaria con el 25 % y la vaginal con 22,79 %. Se demostró la hipótesis de que los niños nacidos de madres con riesgo preconcepcional y obstétrico están expuestos a tener una mayor morbilidad y mortalidad perinatal que los recién nacidos de madres sin riesgo con un embarazo normalAn analytical 1-1 case-control study on the preconceptional risk behaviour in 35 physicians'offices from «Tula Aguilera» community teaching polyclinic located in Camagüey municipality was performed. The group was made up of women with preconceptional risk who got pregnant and were followed-up from January 1st to June 30th, 1994. The control group was formed by women without preconceptional risk history and who were followed-up in the same period of time and in the same health area. The most out-standing results as to biological risks were: maternal malnutrition III-IV, 36.76 %; anemia, 48.52 %; urinary tract infection; 25 % , and vaginal infection, 22.79 %. The hypotesis that infants born from mothers with preconceptional and obstetric risks are exposed to higher perinatal mortality and morbility risks than those from riskless mothers with a normal pregnancy was proved

  8. Caracterización del mercado laboral del sector hotelero del estado Mérida, Venezuela

    OpenAIRE

    Villasmil R., María A.; Andrade, Henry

    2009-01-01

    Esta investigación trata sobre modelos que permiten caracterizar Mercados Laborales Locales (MLL), ya que en Venezuela el manejo de los mismos es casi inexistente. En este sentido, se plantea como objetivo caracterizar al mercado laboral del sector hotelero del estado Mérida-Venezuela en función del conocimiento de las particularidades económicas, institucionales, políticas, sociales, educativas y culturales de la zona así como las condiciones que se tengan en materia de empleo, oferta de for...

  9. EFECTO DEL SILICIO Y PLAGUICIDAS EN LA FERTILIDAD DEL SUELO Y RENDIMIENTO DEL ARROZ

    OpenAIRE

    Parm\\u00E9nides Furcal-Beriguete; Alejandra Herrera-Barrantes

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto del silicio en la fertilidad del suelo, la incidencia de enfermedades y plagas insectiles, el rendimiento y la calidad de granos del cultivo de arroz. El estudio se realizó en La Vega, Florencia, San Carlos, Costa Rica entre mayo y octubre en los años 2010 y 2011, en el mismo lote con la variedad CR 4477. Se establecieron cinco tratamientos: silicio al suelo, silicio al suelo más plaguicidas (alternativas químicas), silicio foliar, silicio fol...

  10. Conservacion de truchas del Pacifico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooke E. Penaluna

    2016-01-01

    La historia de las truchas del Pacífico, pertenecientes al género Oncorhynchus, es una historia muy interesante que se basa en la persistencia y diversificación de sus especies debido, en gran parte, al dinamismo propio que existe en su medio ambiente. Desde el oeste de Norteamérica, extendiéndose hasta el este de Asia, las truchas del Pacífico han experimentado la...

  11. Las murallas del imperio The Walls of the Empire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Roig

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo trata, desde un punto de vista crítico, acerca del sentido del concepto muralla, en su contexto socio-político y simbólico. A propósito de la generalización a nivel mundial de murallas entre naciones, países, culturas, plantea además la existencia de murallas virtuales, como la «línea de pobreza», que marcan la exclusión de grandes sectores sociales.This work, written from a critic standpoint, is about the meaning of the concept of wall in its sociopolitical and symbolic context. Deriving from the outspreading of walls all over the world between nations, countries, cultures, we pose the existence of virtual walls such as the "poverty line", which mark the exclusion of big social groups.

  12. HIS priorities in developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amado Espinosa, L

    1995-04-01

    Looking for a solution to fulfill the requirements that the new global economical system demands, developing countries face a reality of poor communications infrastructure, a delay in applying information technology to the organizations, and a semi-closed political system avoiding the necessary reforms. HIS technology has been developed more for transactional purposes on mini and mainframe platforms. Administrative modules are the most frequently observed and physicians are now requiring more support for their activities. The second information systems generation will take advantage of PC technology, client-server models and telecommunications to achieve integration. International organizations, academic and industrial, public and private, will play a major role to transfer technology and to develop this area.

  13. Republic of Botswana. Country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarver, J

    1985-08-01

    A summary of Botswana's population characteristics, population distribution, labor force characteristics, health situation, and transportation and communication facilities is provided. 87% of the country's 941,027 inhabitants live in the catchment area of the Limpopo River in the eastern region of the country. Much of the remaining area is covered by the Kalahari Desert. The population is growing at an annual rate of 3.6%, the birth rate is 50 and the total fertility rate is 6.6. The government has no official population policy. Major ethnic groups are the cattle raising Tswanas, which make up 50% of the population, the Herero, and the Basarwa, or Bushmen, of the Kalahri Desert. Urban areas are officially defined as population centers which contain 5000 or more residents and in which at least 75% of the inhabitants are engaged in nonagricultural work. According to this classification, 84% of the population is rural; however, most rural inhabitants live in agrotowns and temporarily move to outlying cattle and land posts during part of the year. Some of the agrotowns have almost 25,000 inhabitants. Major urban centers include 1) Gaborone, the capital and major administrative center, with a popualtion of 59,657; 2) Francistown, a large commercial center, with a population of 31,065; 3) Selebi-Phikwe, a mining center, populated by 29,469; and 4) Lobatse, a livestock marketing and processing center, with 19,034 residents. The urban population increased from 54,416 to 150,021 between 1971-81. The population has a young age structure. A large number of working aged males migrate temporarily to the Republic of South Africa to work in the gold mines. 37% of the economically active population is engaged in government services, 26% in mining, manufacturing, and construction, 21% in trade and finance, 6% in transportation, utilities, and communication, and 4.5% in agriculture. Only 1.3% of the land is cultivatable. The working age population is expected to double by the end of

  14. Strategy of the Development of the Country: opinions and attitudes of the country people

    OpenAIRE

    Somerauerová, Jana

    2009-01-01

    The conception of country-side and village. Demographic development of country-side places. Case study of attitude and positions of village inhabitants outspreaded to the country-side development (opinion poll).

  15. Drug discovery and developments in developing countries ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the major burden being in developing countries. Many of ... The driving force for drug discovery and development by pharmaceutical firms ... world and particularly in the third world countries ..... GFHR (2000) Global Forum for Health Research:.

  16. Radiation Protection Legislation in the Nordic Countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Person, Lars.

    1990-01-01

    Recent alterations in the radiation protection laws of the Nordic countries are presented. The report amends the previous SS-report 87-37 with the title Radiation Protection and Atomic Energy Legislation in the Nordic Countries. (au)

  17. Fostering biotechnology entrepreneurship in developing countries

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fred

    countries cheaper and potentially easier to administer. Efficient sewage treatment ... developing countries, start-up funding for biotechnology companies is still very ... Business incubators are unique in stimulating spin-offs from universities and ...

  18. Fusion research and third world countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    El Nadi, A.M.

    1987-01-01

    The Egypt experience in the plasma researches, asking the technology transfer between advanced and third world countries is presented. The role of cooperation agreements between developing countries is also discussed. (M.C.K.) [pt

  19. Federation of Malaysia. Country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newcomb, L

    1985-01-01

    The 1984 population of Malaysia has been estimated at 14.7 million and the population growth rate averaged 2.3% in 1970-80. Population growth is officially encouraged to form a substantial home market for economic development. Toward this end, the 1985 budget has increased tax deductions for families with 5 children. The capital city of Kuala Lumpur is the largest metropolitan area (1 million population) and the Federal Territory is the most densely populated region. Immigration is strictly controlled by the government, and the percentage of foreign-born citizens was 5% in 1980. China, India, and Pakistan are decreasing in importance as countries of origin. Internal mobility, however, is increasing. Rural-rural migration accounted for 45% of internal migration in 1970-80 and was largely motivated by family reasons. Only 7% of Malaysians are estimated to move in search of work. Racial tensions led the government to grant special economic privileges to native-born Islamic Malays. The greatest proportion of the population is centered in the lowest age groups. The percentage of females 15-29 years of age rose from 26% in 1970 to 30% in 1980 and is expected to continue to rise. Fertility is on the decline. The majority of households in the country involve nuclear families. There has been an increase in the number of men and women who delay marriage or remain single. Education is widely available for children aged 6-15 years and those who meet certain academic standards receive free education up to age 19 years. The current labor force is estimated at 5.4 million, with an annual growth rate of 3.1%. Malaysia's per capita income (US $1860 in 1982) is among the highest in Southeast Asia and the gross national product increased by an average annual rate of 8% in 1970-81. The government plans to move toward the development of heavier industries and more manufacturing concerns.

  20. Carta del editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Braun

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Son temas de interés de esta entrega Mujeres, comunicación y desarrollo, en el que se arenga a todas a no solo luchar por el género sino por una sociedad más libre y más justa, de la mano de los hombres. Abre un amplio espectro para exponer la situación de la mujer; Mujer e Iglesia,Prensa, Mujer y revolución, Mujeres comunicadoras, mujer líder comunitaria, etc. Periodismo deportivo, que nunca se incluyó en la revista, hoy gracias a la tecnología, la televisión y la publicidad es el género de mayor crecimiento en el mundo. El tema abarca: Génesis del deporte, Fútbol México - 86. Maradona, Deporte y negocio, Análisis de una Olimpiada, Prensa Olimpiadas y política, Juegos Panamericanos, Escuelas de Periodismo deportivo, Cadenas deportivas en televisión. Se incluye entrevistas a cuatro Mujeres Comunicadoras.

  1. Los Anhelos Del Agro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaparro G. A.

    1942-08-01

    Full Text Available Hablemos hoy del campesino y de su desventura, y hagámoslo, perfectamente libres de toda insana y falaz intención demagógica. Démosle el frente con resolución a esa obscura costumbre de halagar las pasiones de las gentes y explotar con fines proclives las profundas esperanzas y los honrados anhelos de los campesinos, y digamos que en Colombia, y en muchos países de América, se ha abusado impunemente de esa masa resignada que sustenta las economías de estos países, y se ha desconocido el meollo verdadero de sus problemas fundamentales, sin que las fórmulas prácticas de resolvemos íntegramente hayan aparecido, limitándose la acción a meras iniciativas aisladas e inconexas a veces contradictorias, cuyos resultados quedan perdidos en medio de la magnitud total de las situaciones.

  2. A Favor del Plagio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Arranz

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Yo no tengo nada contra el plagio. Ustedes, como lectores, seguramente tampoco. Bueno, tal vez prejuicios. Es lógico que los tengan con tanto artículo condenándolo. Hasta ahora, que yo sepa, nadie ha escrito para defenderlo. Los que sí tienen algo, parece ser, son los autores. Una minoría al fin y al cabo. Ya sé que hay que respetar el derecho de las minorías, pero el asunto del plagio, como tantos otros, deberíamos examinarlo con más detalle, y preguntarnos, por ejemplo, ¿por qué se molestan tanto los autores cuando les plagian? ¿En nombre de qué?, sería también una buena pregunta. No me irán a decir a estas alturas que en nombre de la comunidad científica. A fin de cuentas el plagio beneficia la difusión de la ciencia. Los autores se molestan en nombre propio. Naturalmente tienen su derecho, no se lo vamos a discutir, pero, ¿no demuestra eso cierto narcisismo impropio de un científico? ¿La ciencia no es de todos?, como suelen decir en otras ocasiones.

  3. La liberazione del tempo

    CERN Document Server

    Selleri, Franco

    2003-01-01

    Negli ultimi dieci anni ho lavorato alla descrizione dei fenomeni naturali da parte di osservatori in movimento. E' un problema che molti credono risolto una volta per tutte dalle trasformazioni di Lorentz della teoria della relatività speciale (TRS nel seguito), ma che in realtà era rimasto aperto per una serie di ragioni che esporrò. Sento di dover dire che ho trovato risultati molto importanti, anche se il giudizio finale sul loro valore non può certo essere il mio. Infatti la conclusione di questa ricerca è duplice: una spiegazione dei dati empirici migliore di quella relativistica, e l'eliminazione di quegli aspetti della TRS che fanno a pugni con il buon senso; il tutto grazie alla liberazione del tempo dall'asservimento alle coordinate spaziali cui era stato costretto nello spazio a quattro dimensioni di Minkowski. La faccenda è raccontata con dovizia di particolari in un libro recente [FS]. Nel presente articolo espongo gli aspetti salienti della ricerca lasciando da parte quelli matematici.

  4. del establecimiento permanente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Ma. Antonieta Martin Granados

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A pesar de que en México se han realizado adiciones a la legislación en materia civil y mercantil relacionadas con el uso de medios electrónicos como instrumentos para realizar actos jurídicos, éstas resultan insuficientes, pues nada se ha hecho en materia procesal, penal y laboral, entre otras. En este trabajo se presentan, en materia fiscal, algunas consideraciones acerca del concepto de establecimiento permanente tanto en la legislación mexicana como en el Convenio Modelo (CM de la Organización para la Cooperación y Desarrollo Económico (OCDE y se argumenta que a pesar de que la definición de la legislación mexicana es mucho más amplia que la que se encuentra en el mencionado convenio, el comercio electrónico presenta algunos retos para determinar el lugar en donde residen las partes involucradas, el lugar en donde se celebran las operaciones y se pagan o cobran, sobre todo tratándose de servicios o adquisición de bienes intangibles. Por último, se señala que en materia fiscal es necesario que las autoridades mexicanas permitan el uso de la factura electrónica

  5. del siglo XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro González Morales

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo analizamos las diferentes etapas por las que ha pasado el desarrollo turístico de la isla de Lanzarote. Se distinguen tres periodos de características diferenciadas. El primero, antes de los años setenta, supone el desarrollo de una incipiente industria turística, donde predominan el capital belga y francés; el segundo es un periodo que abarca desde 1973 hasta 1983, en estos 10 años la isla experimenta un cambio sustancial, el capital alemán se vuelve hegemónico y se desarrolla con fuerza el denominado turismo de masas, sobre todo en el municipio de Tías (Puerto del Carmen; por último a partir de principios de los ochenta nos encontramos con una etapa de similares características que la anterior hasta 1995, con un gran desarrollo de Yaiza y Teguise, a partir de esta fecha y hasta la actualidad se introducen los valores de sostenibilidad, aunque sin demasiado éxito, pues se sigue construyendo mucho y no de precisamente alta calidad.

  6. Carta del Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blasco Fernando Checa Montúfar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En la sección Sociedad, mujer y comunicación, analiza, expone propuestas, experiencias novedosas y aportes teóricos en torno a la problemática de la discriminación de la mujer en el periodismo, pues pese a los avances de la causa femenina todavía perduran estereotipos y discrímenes en la organización y contenidos mediáticos. En Erotismo, Pornografía y Medios se establecen las diferencias entre los dos primeros términos. Señala que los medios son el escenario privilegiado de estas expresiones sexuales. Incluyen dos experiencias, una sobre radio erótica que busca recrear "el prohibido sonido del placer" y la otra una revista brasileña "El tercer sexo", caso inédito, que rompiendo tabúes, aparece para satisfacer los requerimientos informativos de los homosexuales de Brasil. Completan esta entrega con temas como: El mercado audiovisual latinoamericano; La información exterior en América Latina; Tumbas de papel, sobre los desaparecidos en la dictadura argentina; la ciencia como cultura; Variedades de la luz y el abandono.

  7. Natural Resources and FDI in GCC Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed Mahjoub Elheddad

    2016-01-01

    Natural resources are a blessing for some countries to attract FDI but cursed for others. Existing literature argues the suggestion that resource-rich countries attract less FDI because of resource (oil) price volatility. This study examines that natural resources discourage FDI in GCC countries (the FDI-Natural resources curse hypothesis), using panel data analysis for six oil dependent countries during 1980-2013 and applying several econometrics techniques. The main findings of this paper i...

  8. Absolute purchasing power parity in industrial countries

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Zhibai; Bian, Zhicun

    2015-01-01

    Different from popular studies that focus on relative purchasing power parity, we study absolute purchasing power parity (APPP) in 21 main industrial countries. Three databases are used. Both the whole period and the sub-period are analyzed. The empirical proof shows that the phenomenon that APPP holds is common, and the phenomenon that APPP does not hold is also common. In addition, some country pairs and the pooled country data indicate that the nearer the GDPPs of two countries are, the mo...

  9. Migration from New EU Member Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pytlikova, Mariola

    2007-01-01

    The main purpose of the paper is to give predictions of the migration potential from the 7 new EU member countries to the EEA/EU-13 countries. Being able to analyze 'real' migration behavior from these particular countries over the period 1990-2000 helps me to avoid problems related to (double) o...

  10. Consumer evaluations of products from developing countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verlegh, P.W.J.

    2002-01-01

    Consumers use country of origin as a signal or proxy for product quality. Consumers have little confidence in the ability of less developed countries to produce high quality goods. On the other hand emotionally attachment to a country or associations of "exoticness" or "authenticity" can lead to a

  11. African Journals Online: Browse by Country

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journals Online: Browse by Country. Home > African Journals Online: Browse by Country. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Browse By Category · Browse Alphabetically · Browse By Country · List All Titles · Free to read Titles This Journal is ...

  12. Informational and Cultural Situation in Developing Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadirova, Goulnar

    Cultural development of modern countries in the East, including the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a complicated and contradictory process, where common cultural ways were shaped differently and specifically in the countries. Common historical fate has influenced this development and given these countries some common problems, but there is some…

  13. 31 CFR 500.301 - Foreign country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Foreign country. 500.301 Section 500.301 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 500.301 Foreign country. The term foreign country also includes, but not by way of limitation: (a) The...

  14. 31 CFR 515.301 - Foreign country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Foreign country. 515.301 Section 515.301 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... § 515.301 Foreign country. The term foreign country also includes, but not by way of limitation: (a) The...

  15. Calculo del valor en riesgo del futuro de energia e internacionalizacion del sector energetico en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Esquivel Fonseca, Leidy Gioanna

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo de grado busca definir cuál es el mejor método para determinar el valor en riesgo del contrato de futuro de energía eléctrica que se transa en Colombia, para cumplir con este objetivo se toma como referencia el marco histórico del VaR y de los futuros seguido de las características de la fijación de precios, la estructura del contrato, que políticas y métodos hay para cubrirse del riesgo y como se realiza en otros países, realizando algunos cálculos de los modelos más trad...

  16. Funciones del estilo personal del terapeuta en profesionales del campo de las adicciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Casari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Comparar el estilo personal del terapeuta entre dos grupos de profesionales, uno dedicado a la atención de pacientes drogodependientes (grupo adicciones y otro a la atención clínica en general (grupo clínico. Método. La muestra estuvo formada por 100 psicoterapeutas que trabajan en instituciones públicas y privadas de tres provincias del interior de Argentina, pareados por las variables socioprofesionales (sexo, edad, años de experiencia profesional, enfoque teórico, grupo etario de trabajo, tipo de abordaje predominante, duración del tratamiento y grado de especialización. El instrumento empleado fue el Cuestionario de Estilo Personal del Terapeuta. Resultados. Para el análisis de datos se emplearon pruebas de comparación de medias y se analizó su tamaño del efecto. Se obtuvieron diferencias signifi cativas en la función expresiva: grupo clínico (M = 40.36 y grupo adicciones (M = 29.86; así como también en la función instruccional: grupo clínico (M = 28.01 y grupo adicciones (M = 32.67. Esto indica una mayor distancia emocional y un incremento en la rigidez del encuadre terapéutico en los terapeutas de pacientes adictos. Conclusión. Se discuten estos resultados en función de postulados previos que señalan la complejidad del vínculo terapéutico y el énfasis en las características del encuadre terapéutico, tal como la puesta de límites.

  17. Estrategias del Teatro del Oprimido para la formación permanente del profesorado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Motos-Teruel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo relata una experiencia y su valoración de formación permanente del profesorado basada en el aprendizaje vivencial utilizando como estrategia metodológica el Teatro del Oprimido (TO para estimular y favorecer la reflexión sobre la práctica educativa. Sus objetivos básicos fueron dar a conocer la formulación teórica y la metodología del TO y hacer la transferencia de las estrategias metodológicas vivenciadas a la práctica docente. El estudio se ha planteado desde una óptica cualitativa con el estudio de caso único. Y como resultados más destacables hay que reseñar el interés y la percepción de la utilidad personal y profesional del TO como instrumento de reflexión sobre la acción y generador de clima positivo. El Teatro del Oprimido es una formulación teórica y un método estético cuya teoría y praxis están inspiradas en la Pedagogía del Oprimido de Paulo Freire, utiliza las técnicas dramáticas como un instrumento eficaz para la comprensión y la búsqueda de alternativas a problemas sociales, interpersonales e individuales.

  18. El reducido empleo femenino en los Estados del bienestar del sur de Europa. Un análisis comparado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moreno Mínguez, Almudena

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The analysis is contextualized in the theoretical framework referred to the comparative studies on welfare regimes and gender. The researches carried out for this purpose point out that the low female employment that characterizes the countries of the Mediterranean area (mainly Spain and Italy is linked with the family policies, labour policies and gender policies developed by the welfare States. In this study it is presented a compared analysis on the institutional, labour and socio-demographic factors that explain the differences observed in the labour strategies adopted by the women in the different European countries. The aim of this paper is to present new empirical evidences regarding recent trends in women´s employment in the Southern Welfare States in a compared perspective.

    El análisis se contextualiza en el marco teórico referido a los estudios comparados sobre los regímenes de bienestar y de género. Las investigaciones realizadas a tal efecto tienden a apuntar que el reducido empleo femenino que caracteriza a los países del entorno mediterráneo (fundamentalmente España e Italia está vinculado con las políticas familiares, laborales y de género desarrolladas por los respectivos Estados de bienestar. En este estudio se presenta un análisis comparado relativo a los factores de tipo institucional, laboral y sociodemográfico que explican las diferencias observadas en las estrategias laborales adoptadas por las mujeres en los distintos países europeos. El propósito de este trabajo consiste en aportar nuevas evidencias empíricas relativas a las tendencias recientes del empleo femenino en los Estados del bienestar del sur de Europa en perspectiva comparada.

  19. Franco Modigliani e la teoria del ciclo vitale del consumo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angus Deaton

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Nei primi anni ’50, Franco Modigliani e il suo studente Richard Brumberg elaborarono una teoria della spesa fondata sull’idea che gli individui effettuano scelte intelligenti su quanto desiderano spendere a ogni età, con il solo limite delle risorse disponibili nel corso della loro vita. Attraverso l’accumulo e il decumulo delle attività, chi lavora può provvedere alla propriapensione e, più in generale, può adattare i propri modelli di consumo alle esigenze che sipresentano alle diverse età, indipendentemente dal reddito disponibile in ogni momento della suavita. Questa semplice teoria conduce a previsioni rilevanti e non scontate per l’economia nel suo complesso, ad esempio che il risparmio nazionale dipende dal tasso di crescita del reddito nazionale e non dal suo livello, e che esiste una semplice relazione tra il livello della ricchezza nelsistema economico e la lunghezza del periodo trascorso in pensione. Tali previsioni, non verificabili negli anni ’50, hanno trovato considerevole sostegno empirico in successivi lavori di Modigliani e di altri ricercatori. Sebbene nel corso degli anni la teoria del consumo abbia subitonumerosi attacchi, i più recenti dei quali mossi da una coalizione di psicologi ed economisti,l’ipotesi del ciclo vitale rimane una parte essenziale del pensiero degli economisti.

  20. Implementing care policy in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tattum, L.; Phishner, E.S.

    1992-01-01

    How do chief executives of Western companies, from their plush offices, keep tabs on what happens at chemical plants in developing countries? Many point out that it is difficult to operate a Responsible Care policy in countries where industry associations have not yet started a coordinated initiative. 'Responsible Care is a program that has primarily a geographic dimension and is organized country by country by the industry associations,' note Kaspar Eigenmann, head of corporate unit safety and environment at Ciba (Basel). Where there is a campaign, the local Ciba company participates, he says. 'It's obvious that the industrialized countries are taking the lead,' adds Eigenmann