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Sample records for correlation operator method

  1. Foreign Operation Methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welch, Lawrence S.; Benito, Gabriel R. G.; Petersen, Bent

    Introduction and theory -- Introduction -- Theoretical approaches -- Modes of operation -- Franchising -- Licensing -- Management contracts -- International subcontracting -- Project operations -- Exports -- Alliances -- Foreign direct investment -- Strategies -- Mode switching and stretching...

  2. Foreign Operation Methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welch, Lawrence S.; Benito, Gabriel R. G.; Petersen, Bent

    Introduction and theory -- Introduction -- Theoretical approaches -- Modes of operation -- Franchising -- Licensing -- Management contracts -- International subcontracting -- Project operations -- Exports -- Alliances -- Foreign direct investment -- Strategies -- Mode switching and stretching...

  3. Correlation methods in cutting arcs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prevosto, L; Kelly, H, E-mail: prevosto@waycom.com.ar [Grupo de Descargas Electricas, Departamento Ing. Electromecanica, Universidad Tecnologica Nacional, Regional Venado Tuerto, Laprida 651, Venado Tuerto (2600), Santa Fe (Argentina)

    2011-05-01

    The present work applies similarity theory to the plasma emanating from transferred arc, gas-vortex stabilized plasma cutting torches, to analyze the existing correlation between the arc temperature and the physical parameters of such torches. It has been found that the enthalpy number significantly influence the temperature of the electric arc. The obtained correlation shows an average deviation of 3% from the temperature data points. Such correlation can be used, for instance, to predict changes in the peak value of the arc temperature at the nozzle exit of a geometrically similar cutting torch due to changes in its operation parameters.

  4. Improved Digital Image Correlation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mudassar, Asloob Ahmad; Butt, Saira

    2016-12-01

    Digital Image Correlation (DIC) is a powerful technique which is used to correlate two image segments to determine the similarity between them. A correlation image is formed which gives a peak known as correlation peak. If the two image segments are identical the peak is known as auto-correlation peak otherwise it is known as cross correlation peak. The location of the peak in a correlation image gives the relative displacement between the two image segments. Use of DIC for in-plane displacement and deformation measurements in Electronic Speckle Photography (ESP) is well known. In ESP two speckle images are correlated using DIC and relative displacement is measured. We are presenting background review of ESP and disclosing a technique based on DIC for improved relative measurements which we regard as the improved DIC method. Simulation and experimental results reveal that the proposed improved-DIC method is superior to the conventional DIC method in two aspects, in resolution and in the availability of reference position in displacement measurements.

  5. OPERATIONAL MODAL ANALYSIS SCHEMES USING CORRELATION TECHNIQUE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Min; Shen Fan; Chen Huaihai

    2005-01-01

    For some large-scale engineering structures in operating conditions, modal parameters estimation must base itself on response-only data. This problem has received a considerable amount of attention in the past few years. It is well known that the cross-correlation function between the measured responses is a sum of complex exponential functions of the same form as the impulse response function of the original system. So this paper presents a time-domain operating modal identification global scheme and a frequency-domain scheme from output-only by coupling the cross-correlation function with conventional modal parameter estimation. The outlined techniques are applied to an airplane model to estimate modal parameters from response-only data.

  6. METHOD OF CENTRIFUGE OPERATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, K.

    1960-05-10

    A method of isotope separation is described in which two streams are flowed axially of, and countercurrently through, a cylindrical centrifuge bowl. Under the influence of a centrifugal field, the light fraction is concentrated in a stream flowing through the central portion of the bowl, whereas the heavy fraction is concentrated in a stream at the periphery thereof.

  7. Positive-operator-valued measure optimization of classical correlations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hamieh, S; Kobes, R; Zaraket, H

    2004-01-01

    We study the problem of optimization over positive-operator-valued measures to extract classical correlation in a bipartite quantum system. The proposed method is applied to binary states only. Moreover, to illustrate this method, an explicit example is studied in detail.

  8. Positive transfer operators and decay of correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Baladi, Viviane

    2000-01-01

    Although individual orbits of chaotic dynamical systems are by definition unpredictable, the average behavior of typical trajectories can often be given a precise statistical description. Indeed, there often exist ergodic invariant measures with special additional features. For a given invariant measure, and a class of observables, the correlation functions tell whether (and how fast) the system "mixes", i.e. "forgets" its initial conditions.This book, addressed to mathematicians and mathematical (or mathematically inclined) physicists, shows how the powerful technology of transfer operators,

  9. Interval arithmetic operations for uncertainty analysis with correlated interval variables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chao Jiang; Chun-Ming Fu; Bing-Yu Ni; Xu Han

    2016-01-01

    A new interval arithmetic method is proposed to solve interval functions with correlated intervals through which the overestimation problem existing in interval analy-sis could be significantly alleviated. The correlation between interval parameters is defined by the multidimensional par-allelepiped model which is convenient to describe the correlative and independent interval variables in a unified framework. The original interval variables with correlation are transformed into the standard space without correlation, and then the relationship between the original variables and the standard interval variables is obtained. The expressions of four basic interval arithmetic operations, namely addi-tion, subtraction, multiplication, and division, are given in the standard space. Finally, several numerical examples and a two-step bar are used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  10. Global Method for Electron Correlation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piris, Mario

    2017-08-01

    The current work presents a new single-reference method for capturing at the same time the static and dynamic electron correlation. The starting point is a determinant wave function formed with natural orbitals obtained from a new interacting-pair model. The latter leads to a natural orbital functional (NOF) capable of recovering the complete intrapair, but only the static interpair correlation. Using the solution of the NOF, two new energy functionals are defined for both dynamic (Edyn) and static (Esta) correlation. Edyn is derived from a modified second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2), while Esta is obtained from the static component of the new NOF. Double counting is avoided by introducing the amount of static and dynamic correlation in each orbital as a function of its occupation. As a result, the total energy is represented by the sum E˜ HF+Edyn+Esta , where E˜ HF is the Hartree-Fock energy obtained with natural orbitals. The new procedure called NOF-MP2 scales formally as O (M5) (where M is the number of basis functions), and is applied successfully to the homolytic dissociation of a selected set of diatomic molecules, paradigmatic cases of near-degeneracy effects. The size consistency has been numerically demonstrated for singlets. The values obtained are in good agreement with the experimental data.

  11. Strongly correlated systems numerical methods

    CERN Document Server

    Mancini, Ferdinando

    2013-01-01

    This volume presents, for the very first time, an exhaustive collection of those modern numerical methods specifically tailored for the analysis of Strongly Correlated Systems. Many novel materials, with functional properties emerging from macroscopic quantum behaviors at the frontier of modern research in physics, chemistry and material science, belong to this class of systems. Any technique is presented in great detail by its own inventor or by one of the world-wide recognized main contributors. The exposition has a clear pedagogical cut and fully reports on the most relevant case study where the specific technique showed to be very successful in describing and enlightening the puzzling physics of a particular strongly correlated system. The book is intended for advanced graduate students and post-docs in the field as textbook and/or main reference, but also for other researchers in the field who appreciate consulting a single, but comprehensive, source or wishes to get acquainted, in a as painless as possi...

  12. Operator theory and numerical methods

    CERN Document Server

    Fujita, H; Suzuki, T

    2001-01-01

    In accordance with the developments in computation, theoretical studies on numerical schemes are now fruitful and highly needed. In 1991 an article on the finite element method applied to evolutionary problems was published. Following the method, basically this book studies various schemes from operator theoretical points of view. Many parts are devoted to the finite element method, but other schemes and problems (charge simulation method, domain decomposition method, nonlinear problems, and so forth) are also discussed, motivated by the observation that practically useful schemes have fine mathematical structures and the converses are also true. This book has the following chapters: 1. Boundary Value Problems and FEM. 2. Semigroup Theory and FEM. 3. Evolution Equations and FEM. 4. Other Methods in Time Discretization. 5. Other Methods in Space Discretization. 6. Nonlinear Problems. 7. Domain Decomposition Method.

  13. Normalized Stokes operators for polarization correlations of entangled optical fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Żukowski, Marek; Laskowski, Wiesław; Wieśniak, Marcin

    2017-04-01

    Stokes parameters are a standard tool in quantum optics. They involve averaged intensities at exits of polarizers. If the overall measured intensity fluctuates, as, e.g., for states with undefined photon numbers, the instances of its increased value contribute more to the parameters. One can introduce normalized quantum Stokes operators. Operationally, for a given single run of the experiment, their values are differences of measured intensities (or photon numbers) at the two exits of a polarizer divided by their sum. Effects of intensity fluctuations are removed. Switching to normalized Stokes operators results in more sensitive entanglement conditions. We also show a general method of deriving an entanglement indicator for optical fields which use polarization correlations, which starts with any two-qubit entanglement witness. This allows one to vastly expand the family of such indicators.

  14. Operator methods in quantum mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Schechter, Martin

    2003-01-01

    This advanced undergraduate and graduate-level text introduces the power of operator theory as a tool in the study of quantum mechanics, assuming only a working knowledge of advanced calculus and no background in physics. The author presents a few simple postulates describing quantum theory, gradually introducing the mathematical techniques that help answer questions important to the physical theory; in this way, readers see clearly the purpose of the method and understand the accomplishment. The entire book is devoted to the study of a single particle moving along a straight line. By posing q

  15. A method for generating realistic correlation matrices

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia, Stephan Ramon

    2011-01-01

    Simulating sample correlation matrices is important in many areas of statistics. Approaches such as generating normal data and finding their sample correlation matrix or generating random uniform $[-1,1]$ deviates as pairwise correlations both have drawbacks. We develop an algorithm for adding noise, in a highly controlled manner, to general correlation matrices. In many instances, our method yields results which are superior to those obtained by simply simulating normal data. Moreover, we demonstrate how our general algorithm can be tailored to a number of different correlation models. Finally, using our results with an existing clustering algorithm, we show that simulating correlation matrices can help assess statistical methodology.

  16. Correlation of cutting fluid performance in different machining operations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Chiffre, Leonardo; Belluco, Walter

    2001-01-01

    investigated. Results show that correlation of cutting fluid performance in different operations exists, within the same group of cutting fluids, in the case of stainless steel as workpiece material. Under the tested conditions, the average correlation coefficients between efficiency parameters with different...... operations on austenitic stainless steel lied in the range 0.87-0.97 for waterbased fluids and 0.79-0.89 for straight oils. A similar correlation could not be found for the other workpiece materials investigated in this work. A rationalisation of cutting fluid performance tests is suggested....

  17. Semiclassical correlation functions of Wilson loops and local vertex operators

    CERN Document Server

    Hernandez, Rafael

    2012-01-01

    We analyze correlation functions of Wilson loop observables and local vertex operators within the strong-coupling regime of the AdS/CFT correspondence. When the local operator corresponds to a light string state with finite conserved charges the correlation function can be evaluated in the semiclassical approximation of large string tension, where the contribution from the light vertex can be neglected. We consider the cases where the Wilson loops are described by two concentric surfaces and the local vertices are the superconformal chiral primary scalar or a singlet massive scalar operator.

  18. Operation and Application of Trapezoidal Intuitionistic Fuzzy Number and Unintuitionistic Fuzzy Decision Method Based on Correlate%基于联系数的梯形直觉与非直觉模糊决策算法与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨红梅

    2012-01-01

    针对梯形直觉模糊数运算过于复杂且不能作不确定性分析的问题,应用集对分析理论及其联系数给出一种新算法.该算法的基本原理是把梯形直觉模糊数转换成“均值”加“最大偏差”形式的二元联系数,再按联系数规则展开运算.实例应用表明:其决策对象的排序结果不仅与该实例用其它方法所得的结果基本相同,而且还能方便地开展不确定性分析,最主要的是该算法也适用于“区间型梯形模糊数决策问题”.该方法综合利用了集对分析及其联系数研究中的最新成果,解决了梯形直觉模糊决策算法的运算复杂性问题,对于模糊决策的理论和应用研究都具有重要价值.%Aiming at the complexity of operation of trapezoidal intuitionistic fuzzy number and its disability of uncertainty analysis, a kind of new algorithm was given by the application of the set pair analysis theory and its correlate. The basic principle was to transform trapezoidal intuitionistic fuzzy number into the two-element connection number of mean-variance, and started operating according to the rule of correlate. It is proved that the ranking result of decision objects can not only get the same result as it used by other methods but also be convenient to carry out the uncertainty analysis. The most important point is the algorithm also apply to interval tapezoidal fuzzy number. The algorithm used the latest achievements of set pair analysis theory and its correlate comprehensively to solve the complexity of operation of trapezoidal intuitionistic fuzzy number. It was quite important to the research on the theory and application of fuzzy decision.

  19. Processor operated correlator with applications to laser Doppler signals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, C.; Johnsen, B.; Hassager, Ole

    1984-01-01

    A 64-channel correlator is designed with application to the processing of laser Doppler anemometry signals in the range 200 Hz to 250 kHz. The correlator is processor operated to enable the consecutive sampling of 448 correlation functions at a rate up to 500 Hz. Software is described to identify...... a Doppler frequency from each correlation and the system is especially designed for transient flow signals. Doppler frequencies are determined with an accuracy of about 0.1%. Review of Scientific Instruments is copyrighted by The American Institute of Physics....

  20. BONNSAI: correlated stellar observables in Bayesian methods

    CERN Document Server

    Schneider, F R N; Fossati, L; Langer, N; de Koter, A

    2016-01-01

    In an era of large spectroscopic surveys of stars and big data, sophisticated statistical methods become more and more important in order to infer fundamental stellar parameters such as mass and age. Bayesian techniques are powerful methods because they can match all available observables simultaneously to stellar models while taking prior knowledge properly into account. However, in most cases it is assumed that observables are uncorrelated which is generally not the case. Here, we include correlations in the Bayesian code BONNSAI by incorporating the covariance matrix in the likelihood function. We derive a parametrisation of the covariance matrix that, in addition to classical uncertainties, only requires the specification of a correlation parameter that describes how observables co-vary. Our correlation parameter depends purely on the method with which observables have been determined and can be analytically derived in some cases. This approach therefore has the advantage that correlations can be accounte...

  1. Operations methods waiting line applications

    CERN Document Server

    Shaw, Ken

    2012-01-01

    The intent of this book is to help business practitioners and students expand their knowledge of how waiting line analysis can be used to address situations beyond the simple examples they were presented in basic operations courses. Throughout the book, practical examples are given and worked out to aid in understanding the material presented. Some emphasis is given to the caveats in applying waiting line theory and the importance of being aware of the assumptions used in developing that theory. The first chapters begin with a review of those simple examples and the terminology used for wai

  2. The Iterative Method of Generalized -Concave Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Yanqiu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We define the concept of the generalized -concave operators, which generalize the definition of the -concave operators. By using the iterative method and the partial ordering method, we prove the existence and uniqueness of fixed points of this class of the operators. As an example of the application of our results, we show the existence and uniqueness of solutions to a class of the Hammerstein integral equations.

  3. Prognostic Analysis System and Methods of Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKey, Ryan M. E. (Inventor); Sneddon, Robert (Inventor)

    2014-01-01

    A prognostic analysis system and methods of operating the system are provided. In particular, a prognostic analysis system for the analysis of physical system health applicable to mechanical, electrical, chemical and optical systems and methods of operating the system are described herein.

  4. A Concurrent Implementation of the Cascade-Correlation Algorithm, Using the Time Warp Operating System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springer, P.

    1993-01-01

    This paper discusses the method in which the Cascade-Correlation algorithm was parallelized in such a way that it could be run using the Time Warp Operating System (TWOS). TWOS is a special purpose operating system designed to run parellel discrete event simulations with maximum efficiency on parallel or distributed computers.

  5. A Concurrent Implementation of the Cascade-Correlation Algorithm, Using the Time Warp Operating System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springer, P.

    1993-01-01

    This paper discusses the method in which the Cascade-Correlation algorithm was parallelized in such a way that it could be run using the Time Warp Operating System (TWOS). TWOS is a special purpose operating system designed to run parellel discrete event simulations with maximum efficiency on parallel or distributed computers.

  6. Correlators of arbitrary untwisted operators and excited twist operators for N branes at angles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Pesando

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available We compute the generic correlator with L untwisted operators and N (excited twist fields for branes at angles on T2 and show that it is given by a generalization of the Wick theorem. We give also the recipe to compute efficiently the generic OPE between an untwisted operator and an excited twisted state.

  7. BONNSAI: correlated stellar observables in Bayesian methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, F. R. N.; Castro, N.; Fossati, L.; Langer, N.; de Koter, A.

    2017-02-01

    In an era of large spectroscopic surveys of stars and big data, sophisticated statistical methods become more and more important in order to infer fundamental stellar parameters such as mass and age. Bayesian techniques are powerful methods because they can match all available observables simultaneously to stellar models while taking prior knowledge properly into account. However, in most cases it is assumed that observables are uncorrelated which is generally not the case. Here, we include correlations in the Bayesian code Bonnsai by incorporating the covariance matrix in the likelihood function. We derive a parametrisation of the covariance matrix that, in addition to classical uncertainties, only requires the specification of a correlation parameter that describes how observables co-vary. Our correlation parameter depends purely on the method with which observables have been determined and can be analytically derived in some cases. This approach therefore has the advantage that correlations can be accounted for even if information for them are not available in specific cases but are known in general. Because the new likelihood model is a better approximation of the data, the reliability and robustness of the inferred parameters are improved. We find that neglecting correlations biases the most likely values of inferred stellar parameters and affects the precision with which these parameters can be determined. The importance of these biases depends on the strength of the correlations and the uncertainties. For example, we apply our technique to massive OB stars, but emphasise that it is valid for any type of stars. For effective temperatures and surface gravities determined from atmosphere modelling, we find that masses can be underestimated on average by 0.5σ and mass uncertainties overestimated by a factor of about 2 when neglecting correlations. At the same time, the age precisions are underestimated over a wide range of stellar parameters. We conclude that

  8. MULTILEVEL AUGMENTATION METHODS FOR SOLVING OPERATOR EQUATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Zhongying; Wu Bin; Xu Yuesheng

    2005-01-01

    We introduce multilevel augmentation methods for solving operator equations based on direct sum decompositions of the range space of the operator and the solution space of the operator equation and a matrix splitting scheme. We establish a general setting for the analysis of these methods, showing that the methods yield approximate solutions of the same convergence order as the best approximation from the subspace. These augmentation methods allow us to develop fast, accurate and stable nonconventional numerical algorithms for solving operator equations. In particular, for second kind equations, special splitting techniques are proposed to develop such algorithms. These algorithms are then applied to solve the linear systems resulting from matrix compression schemes using wavelet-like functions for solving Fredholm integral equations of the second kind. For this special case, a complete analysis for computational complexity and convergence order is presented. Numerical examples are included to demonstrate the efficiency and accuracy of the methods. In these examples we use the proposed augmentation method to solve large scale linear systems resulting from the recently developed wavelet Galerkin methods and fast collocation methods applied to integral equations of the secondkind. Our numerical results confirm that this augmentation method is particularly efficient for solving large scale linear systems induced from wavelet compression schemes.

  9. [Psychophysiological correlates of individual styles of professional operator's work].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinokhodova, A G; Boritko, Ia S; Chekalina, A I; Gushchin, V I; Dudukin, A V

    2013-01-01

    One of the prioritized objectives of psychophysiological support for long-duration space missions is to strengthen professional reliability of cosmonauts. Operator's reliability is dependent as on skillfulness, so individual work style. PILOT-1 and VIRTU methods were used to study individual psychological characteristics and operator's strategy during project MARS500. The established two individual work styles (IWSs), i.e. control and search, reflect different types of reacting to stress. Combined analysis of these data and results of the "Mirror coordinograph" test showed invariance of IWSs no matter whether a task is complicated or simple. Operators demonstrating the "control" strategy are characterized by high initial mobilization readiness. Their reliability demands great physiological resources (high "cost"). Initial mobilization and physiological "cost" are lower in operators demonstrating the "search" work style. Dependent on the level of mobilization and motivation, their efficacy, in terms of quality and reliability specifically, is unstable in nature.

  10. A Parallel Probabilistic Load Flow Method Considering Nodal Correlations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Liu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available With the introduction of more and more random factors in power systems, probabilistic load flow (PLF has become one of the most important tasks for power system planning and operation. Cumulants-based PLF is an effective algorithm to calculate PLF in an analytical way, however, the correlations among the nodal injections to the system level have rarely been studied. A novel parallel cumulants-based PLF method considering nodal correlations is proposed in this paper, which is able to deal with the correlations among all system nodes, and avoid the Jacobian matrix inversion in the traditional cumulants-based PLF as well. In addition, parallel computing is introduced to improve the efficiency of the numerical calculations. The accuracy of the proposed method is validated by numerical tests on the standard IEEE-14 system, comparing with the results from Correlation Latin hypercube sampling Monte Carlo Simulation (CLMCS method. And the efficiency and parallel performance is proven by the tests on the modified IEEE-300, C703, N1047 systems with distributed generation (DG. Numerical simulations show that the proposed parallel cumulants-based PLF method considering nodal correlations is able to get more accurate results using less computational time and physical memory, and have higher efficiency and better parallel performance than the traditional one.

  11. FUNCTIONAL CORRELATION OF FP AND DC METHODS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marin Kaluža

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Most of organizations today use information-communication technologies (ICT for building an information system (IS. IS is assembled of hardware, software, network resources, organizational and human resources. In IS development process, complexity is crucial for evaluating quantities of resources needed (time, people, money, equipment. Complexity of an IS can be evaluated and/or measured in different phases of development. There are many methods for measuring complexity, but mostly used and thoroughly described method is Function Point Analysis (FP. The opposite method, Database Complexity (DC, does not measure all the aspects of IS, but it could evaluate system complexity depending on the database complexity. DC method is intended to be used for measuring semantic complexity of the IS database, and can be shown by counting attributes A and foreign keys F. This paper describes a very high correlation between FP and DC methods, and defines a function which can in 95% of accuracy express FP values from measured DC values.

  12. STRONTIUM-90 LIQUID CONCENTRATION SOLUBILITY CORRELATION IN THE HANFORD TANK WASTE OPERATIONS SIMULATOR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    HOHL, T.; PLACE, D.; WITTMAN, R.

    2004-08-05

    A new correlation was developed to estimate the concentration of strontium-90 in a waste solution based on total organic carbon. This correlation replaces the strontium-90 wash factors, and when applied in the Hanford Tank Waste Operations Simulator, significantly reduced the estimated quantity of strontium-90 in the delivered low-activity waste feed. This is thought to be a more realistic estimate of strontium-90 than using the wash-factor method.

  13. Advances of evolutionary computation methods and operators

    CERN Document Server

    Cuevas, Erik; Oliva Navarro, Diego Alberto

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this book is to present advances that discuss alternative Evolutionary Computation (EC) developments and non-conventional operators which have proved to be effective in the solution of several complex problems. The book has been structured so that each chapter can be read independently from the others. The book contains nine chapters with the following themes: 1) Introduction, 2) the Social Spider Optimization (SSO), 3) the States of Matter Search (SMS), 4) the collective animal behavior (CAB) algorithm, 5) the Allostatic Optimization (AO) method, 6) the Locust Search (LS) algorithm, 7) the Adaptive Population with Reduced Evaluations (APRE) method, 8) the multimodal CAB, 9) the constrained SSO method.

  14. Jealousy: novel methods and neural correlates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harmon-Jones, Eddie; Peterson, Carly K; Harris, Christine R

    2009-02-01

    Because of the difficulties surrounding the evocation of jealousy, past research has relied on reactions to hypothetical scenarios and recall of past experiences of jealousy. Both methodologies have limitations, however. The present research was designed to develop a method of evoking jealousy in the laboratory that would be well controlled, ethically permissible, and psychologically meaningful. Study 1 demonstrated that jealousy could be evoked in a modified version of K. D. Williams' (2007) Cyberball ostracism paradigm in which the rejecting person was computer-generated. Study 2, the first to examine neural activity during the active experience of jealousy, tested whether experienced jealousy was associated with greater relative left or right frontal cortical activation. The findings revealed that the experience of jealousy was correlated with greater relative left frontal cortical activation toward the "sexually" desired partner. This pattern of activation suggests that jealousy is associated with approach motivation. Taken together, the present studies developed a laboratory paradigm for the study of jealousy that should help foster research on one of the most social of emotions.

  15. The Operational Testing Effectiveness Evaluation Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    compared, testing methods improved, and critics silenced . Given that checking IOT&E assessments against operational data seemed to be common sense, was...history of OT&E, discussing the poasibility that the record of frequent convulsive organizational change is related to the lack of adequate feedback on... silence the critics, and ultimately ensure that the weapons reaching the ramp really are effective and suitable. 30 ~• x , .-.-. I- BIBLIOGRAPH d Books

  16. Bilateral generating functions and operational methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dattoli, G. [ENEA, Divisione Fisica Applicata, Centro Ricerche Frascati, Frascati, RM (Italy)

    2000-07-01

    Bilateral generating functions are those involving products of different types of polynomials. It is showed that operational methods offer a powerful tool to derive these families of generating functions. Cases relevant to products of Hermite and Laguerre, Hermite and Legendre ... polynomials and propose further extensions of the method are studied in this report. [Italian] Le funzioni generatrici bilaterali sono quelle che coinvolgono prodotti di tipi differenti di polinomi, si dimostra che i metodi operazionali offrono uno strumento potente per derivare queste nuove famiglie di funzioni speciali. Si studiano casi relativi a prodotti di polinomi di Hermite e Laguerre, Hermite e Legendre. Si propongono infine possibili estensioni del metodo.

  17. Engine and method for operating an engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauper, Jr., John Christian; Willi, Martin Leo; Thirunavukarasu, Balamurugesh; Gong, Weidong

    2008-12-23

    A method of operating an engine is provided. The method may include supplying a combustible combination of reactants to a combustion chamber of the engine, which may include supplying a first hydrocarbon fuel, hydrogen fuel, and a second hydrocarbon fuel to the combustion chamber. Supplying the second hydrocarbon fuel to the combustion chamber may include at least one of supplying at least a portion of the second hydrocarbon fuel from an outlet port that discharges into an intake system of the engine and supplying at least a portion of the second hydrocarbon fuel from an outlet port that discharges into the combustion chamber. Additionally, the method may include combusting the combustible combination of reactants in the combustion chamber.

  18. Multiple frequency method for operating electrochemical sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Louis P [San Ramon, CA

    2012-05-15

    A multiple frequency method for the operation of a sensor to measure a parameter of interest using calibration information including the steps of exciting the sensor at a first frequency providing a first sensor response, exciting the sensor at a second frequency providing a second sensor response, using the second sensor response at the second frequency and the calibration information to produce a calculated concentration of the interfering parameters, using the first sensor response at the first frequency, the calculated concentration of the interfering parameters, and the calibration information to measure the parameter of interest.

  19. Correlates of formal operational reasoning: A neo-piagetian analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niaz, Mansoor

    Most Piagetian formal operational reasoning tasks show horizontal decalage; that is, subjects pass certain tasks and fail others that have the same logical structure. The study reported here analyzes the importance of individual difference variables, as postulated by the neo-Piagetian theory of Pascual-Leone, in explaining subject performance in formal reasoning. A sample of 72 freshman students were administered a test of formal reasoning having 20 items of different types of reasoning, and the tests of the individual difference variables. Results obtained from multiple regression analyses show that Pascual-Leone's structural M-capacity (Ms) is the most consistent predictor of success in the different formal reasoning tasks, followed by Witkin's cognitive style, and to a much lesser degree Raven's progressive matrices, and Pascual-Leone's functional M-capacity (Mf). It was found that in the total score on the 20 items of formal reasoning, Ms accounted for 23.3% of the variance (R = 0.483, F = 6.39, p = 0.014) and Witkin's Group Embedded Figures Test, increased the multiple R significantly (F = 7.77, p = 0.007) and accounted for 7.6% of the variance. Mf and the Raven test did not make a significant contribution to the regression equation. Correlation coefficients among most of the items having the same reasoning pattern but different content are generally low but statistically significant (p < 0.01). Intercorrelations among items having the same formal reasoning pattern and content are fairly high (p < 0.001). These results emphasize the importance of individual difference variables: information-processing capacity (Pascual-Leone) and oversensitivity to potentially misleading information (Witkin). It is suggested that in order to understand student performance in formal reasoning tasks, we should expect horizontal decalages as a rule and not the exception, as Piaget had postulated. Educational implications are drawn.

  20. Correlation of cutting fluid performance in different machining operations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Chiffre, Leonardo; Belluco, Walter

    2001-01-01

    An analysis of cutting fluid performance in different metal cutting operations is presented, based on experimental investigations in which type of operation, performance criteria, work material, and fluid type are considered. Cutting fluid performance was evaluated in turning, drilling, reaming...

  1. Ergodicity test of the eddy correlation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, J.; Hu, Y.; Yu, Y.; Lü, S.

    2014-07-01

    The turbulent flux observation in the near-surface layer is a scientific issue which researchers in the fields of atmospheric science, ecology, geography science, etc. are commonly interested in. For eddy correlation measurement in the atmospheric surface layer, the ergodicity of turbulence is a basic assumption of the Monin-Obukhov (M-O) similarity theory, which is confined to steady turbulent flow and homogenous surface; this conflicts with turbulent flow under the conditions of complex terrain and unsteady, long observational period, which the study of modern turbulent flux tends to focus on. In this paper, two sets of data from the Nagqu Station of Plateau Climate and Environment (NaPlaCE) and the cooperative atmosphere-surface exchange study 1999 (CASE99) were used to analyze and verify the ergodicity of turbulence measured by the eddy covariance system. Through verification by observational data, the vortex of atmospheric turbulence, which is smaller than the scale of the atmospheric boundary layer (i.e., its spatial scale is less than 1000 m and temporal scale is shorter than 10 min) can effectively meet the conditions of the average ergodic theorem, and belong to a wide sense stationary random processes. Meanwhile, the vortex, of which the spatial scale is larger than the scale of the boundary layer, cannot meet the conditions of the average ergodic theorem, and thus it involves non-ergodic stationary random processes. Therefore, if the finite time average is used to substitute for the ensemble average to calculate the average random variable of the atmospheric turbulence, then the stationary random process of the vortex, of which spatial scale was less than 1000 m and thus below the scale of the boundary layer, was possibly captured. However, the non-ergodic random process of the vortex, of which the spatial scale was larger than that of the boundary layer, could not be completely captured. Consequently, when the finite time average was used to substitute

  2. Efficient Set-Correlation Operator Inside Databases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei Gao; Shao-Xu Song; Lei Chen; Jian-Min Wang

    2016-01-01

    Large scale of short text records are now prevalent, such as news highlights, scientific paper citations, and posted messages in a discussion forum, and are often stored as set records in hidden-Web databases. Many interesting information retrieval tasks are correspondingly raised on the correlation query over these short text records, such as finding hot topics over news highlights and searching related scientific papers on a certain topic. However, current relational database management systems (RDBMS) do not directly provide support on set correlation query. Thus, in this paper, we address both the effectiveness and the efficiency issues of set correlation query over set records in databases. First, we present a framework of set correlation query inside databases. To the best of our knowledge, only the Pearson’s correlation can be implemented to construct token correlations by using RDBMS facilities. Thereby, we propose a novel correlation coefficient to extend Pearson’s correlation, and provide a pure-SQL implementation inside databases. We further propose optimal strategies to set up correlation filtering threshold, which can greatly reduce the query time. Our theoretical analysis proves that with a proper setting of filtering threshold, we can improve the query efficiency with a little effectiveness loss. Finally, we conduct extensive experiments to show the effectiveness and the efficiency of proposed correlation query and optimization strategies.

  3. Correlation methods in fingerprint detection studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santer, B.D.; Wigley, T.M.L.; Jones, P.D. (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA (United States))

    1993-07-01

    This investigation addresses two general issues regarding the role of pattern similarity statistics in greenhouse warming detection studies: normalization, and the relative merits of centered versus uncentered statistics. A pattern correlation statistic is used to search for the greenhouse warming signals predicted by five different models in the observed records of land and ocean surface temperature changes. Two forms of this statistic were computed: R(t), which makes use of non-normalized data, and R(t), which employs point-wise normalized data in order to focus the search on regions where the signal-to-noise ratio is large. While there are no trends in the R(t) time series, the time series of R(t) show large positive trends. However, it is not possible to infer from the R(t) results that the observed pattern of temperature change is, in fact, becoming increasingly similar to the model-predicted signal. It is shown that trends in R(t) must arise almost completely from the observed data, and cannot be an indicator of increasing observed data/signal similarity. The most informative pattern correlation statistic for detection purposes is R(t), the standard product-moment correlation coefficient between the observed and model fields. Our failure to find meaningful trends in R(t) may be due to the fact that the signal is being obscured by the background noise of natural variability, and/or because of incorrect model signals or sensitivities.

  4. Bin-bin correlation measurement by bunching-parameter method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chekanov, S.V.; Kittel, W. [High Energy Physics Inst. Nijmegen, Univ. of Nijmegen/NIKHEF, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Kuvshinov, V.I. [Inst. of Physics, Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk (Belgium)

    1996-08-01

    A new method for the experimental study of bin-bin correlations is proposed. It is shown that this method is able to reveal important additional information on bin-bin correlations, beyond that of factorial-correlator measurements. (author) 15 refs, 1 fig

  5. Operating cost budgeting methods: quantitative methods to improve the process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Olegário Rodrigues da Silva

    Full Text Available Abstract Operating cost forecasts are used in economic feasibility studies of projects and in budgeting process. Studies have pointed out that some companies are not satisfied with the budgeting process and chief executive officers want updates more frequently. In these cases, the main problem lies in the costs versus benefits. Companies seek simple and cheap forecasting methods without, at the same time, conceding in terms of quality of the resulting information. This study aims to compare operating cost forecasting models to identify the ones that are relatively easy to implement and turn out less deviation. For this purpose, we applied ARIMA (autoregressive integrated moving average and distributed dynamic lag models to data from a Brazilian petroleum company. The results suggest that the models have potential application, and that multivariate models fitted better and showed itself a better way to forecast costs than univariate models.

  6. Correlation studies on surface particle detection methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Ronald V.; White, James C.

    1988-01-01

    The accurate determination of dust levels on optical surfaces is necessary to assess sensor system performance. A comparison study was made on several particle measurement methods including those based on direct imaging and light scattering. The effectiveness of removing the particles from the surface prior to determining particle size distributions was also assessed. These studies revealed that some methods, especially those requiring particle removal before analysis, are subject to large systematic errors affecting particle size distributions. Thus, an understanding of the particle measurement methods employed is necessary before any surface cleanliness or obstruction value assignments are accepted as true representations of an optical surface contamination condition.

  7. Data Mining Methods Applied to Flight Operations Quality Assurance Data: A Comparison to Standard Statistical Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolzer, Alan J.; Halford, Carl

    2007-01-01

    In a previous study, multiple regression techniques were applied to Flight Operations Quality Assurance-derived data to develop parsimonious model(s) for fuel consumption on the Boeing 757 airplane. The present study examined several data mining algorithms, including neural networks, on the fuel consumption problem and compared them to the multiple regression results obtained earlier. Using regression methods, parsimonious models were obtained that explained approximately 85% of the variation in fuel flow. In general data mining methods were more effective in predicting fuel consumption. Classification and Regression Tree methods reported correlation coefficients of .91 to .92, and General Linear Models and Multilayer Perceptron neural networks reported correlation coefficients of about .99. These data mining models show great promise for use in further examining large FOQA databases for operational and safety improvements.

  8. Differential operator multiplication method for fractional differential equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Shaoqiang; Ying, Yuping; Lian, Yanping; Lin, Stephen; Yang, Yibo; Wagner, Gregory J.; Liu, Wing Kam

    2016-08-01

    Fractional derivatives play a very important role in modeling physical phenomena involving long-range correlation effects. However, they raise challenges of computational cost and memory storage requirements when solved using current well developed numerical methods. In this paper, the differential operator multiplication method is proposed to address the issues by considering a reaction-advection-diffusion equation with a fractional derivative in time. The linear fractional differential equation is transformed into an integer order differential equation by the proposed method, which can fundamentally fix the aforementioned issues for select fractional differential equations. In such a transform, special attention should be paid to the initial conditions for the resulting differential equation of higher integer order. Through numerical experiments, we verify the proposed method for both fractional ordinary differential equations and partial differential equations.

  9. Correlations, operations and the second law of thermodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Vinjanampathy, Sai

    2014-01-01

    Completely positive trace preserving maps are essential for the formulation of the second law of thermodynamics. The dynamics of quantum systems, correlated with their environments, are in general not described by such maps. We explore how this issue can be fixed by describing the classical analogue of this problem. We consider correlated probability distributions, whose subsequent system dynamics is ill-described by stochastic maps, and prescribe the correct way to describe the dynamics. We use this prescription to discuss the classical version of the second law, valid for correlated probability distributions.

  10. Correlations, operations and the second law of thermodynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinjanampathy, Sai; Modi, Kavan

    2016-08-01

    Completely positive trace preserving (CPTP) maps are essential for the formulation of the second law of thermodynamics. The dynamics of quantum systems initially correlated with their environments are in general not described by such maps. We explore, how this issue can be fixed by describing the classical analogue of this problem. We consider initially correlated probability distributions, whose subsequent system dynamics is ill-described by stochastic maps, and prescribe the correct way to describe the dynamics. We use this prescription to discuss the classical version of the second law, valid for initially correlated probability distributions.

  11. Deformation-phase measurement by digital speckle correlation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Ran; Sun, Ping

    2016-10-01

    A novel algorithm which extracts the out-of-plane component of deformation phase from two continuous fringe patterns is proposed. The velocity field between two consecutive frames is estimated by digital speckle correlation method (DSCM). After that, according to the optical flow constrained equation, the whole-field deformation-phase map is obtained by the estimations of the velocity field and the local frequency of the original image. The operation of the proposed method is simple compared with other phase demodulation methods. Moreover, the new method works perfectly at the areas with dense fringes. In this paper, the proposed algorithm is introduced. Meanwhile, in order to verify the effectiveness, the new algorithm is applied to simulated interferogram and real fringe pattern with a centrally loaded and edge-clamped plate. The results of simulation and experiment show that the new method can demodulate the out-of-plane component of deformation phase from the visible in-plane velocity field without unwrapping process. Further, dynamic deformation-phase extraction will be realized when we know the time interval of two continuous images. The proposed algorithm provides a new approach for whole-field deformation-phase measurement and dynamic deformation measurement.

  12. Post-operative hospitalization in retinal detachment correlation to recurrences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enzo Maria Vingolo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To evaluate relationships between the incidence of re-detachment and postoperative days of hospitalization in patients with diagnosis of retinal detachment (RD who underwent surgery either through ab-externo approach (scleral buckling and encircling or ab-interno approach (vitrectomy and oil-gas tamponade. METHODS: This retrospective study included 268 patients (268 eyes with diagnosis of primary RD: 127 males (47% and 141 (53% females, mean age of 64.1 ± 17.3 years. 46 patients (17% underwent a surgical ab-externo approach (group A, while 222 patients (83% underwent an ab-interno surgical approach. Each RD was graded according to the "Retinal detachment grading system of Royal College of Ophthalmologists" and treated within 5 days after diagnosis. The redetachment (RT related to a surgical failure was considered within 30 days after first operation. RESULTS: In the group 1 without night hospitalization (day surgery global RT rate was 3.5% (4.17% for ab-interno technique and 0% for ab-externo techniques. In the group 2 with one day of hospitalization global RT rate was 1.33% (1.49% for ab-interno technique and 0% for ab-externo techniques. In the group 3 with 2 days of hospitalization global RT rate was 3.80% (4.62% for ab-interno techniques and 0% for ab-externo techniques. In the group 4 with 3 or more days of hospitalization global RT rate was 12.28% (14.29% for ab-interno techniques for 6.67% ab-externo techniques. The incidence of RT in group 1, day surgery, is comparable to the other groups and it is less compared to group 4 (3 or more days of hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of retinal redetachment (RRD is not increased in day surgery mode. These data support outpatient management of RD patients to reduce medical cost and problems related to the hospitalization. Further studies are needed for patients' security.

  13. Topics on Test Methods for Space Systems and Operations Safety: Applicability of Experimental Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsch, David B.

    2009-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews topics on test methods for space systems and operations safety through experimentation and analysis. The contents include: 1) Perception of reality through experimentation and analysis; 2) Measurements, methods, and correlations with real life; and 3) Correlating laboratory aerospace materials flammability data with data in spacecraft environments.

  14. Relativistic internally contracted multireference electron correlation methods

    CERN Document Server

    Shiozaki, Toru

    2015-01-01

    We report internally contracted relativistic multireference configuration interaction (ic-MRCI), complete active space second-order perturbation (CASPT2), and strongly contracted n-electron valence state perturbation theory (NEVPT2) on the basis of the four-component Dirac Hamiltonian, enabling accurate simulations of relativistic, quasi-degenerate electronic structure of molecules containing transition-metal and heavy elements. Our derivation and implementation of ic-MRCI and CASPT2 are based on an automatic code generator that translates second-quantized ans\\"atze to tensor-based equations, and to efficient computer code. NEVPT2 is derived and implemented manually. The rovibrational transition energies and absorption spectra of HI and TlH are presented to demonstrate the accuracy of these methods.

  15. No Correlation Between Work-Hours and Operative Volumes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Jane; Sillesen, Martin; Beier-Holgersen, Randi

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Since 2003, United States residents have been limited to an 80-hour workweek. This has prompted concerns of reduced educational quality, especially inadequate operating exposure. In contrast, the Danish surgical specialty-training program mandates a cap on working hours of 37 per week....

  16. A MONTE-CARLO METHOD FOR ESTIMATING THE CORRELATION EXPONENT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    MIKOSCH, T; WANG, QA

    1995-01-01

    We propose a Monte Carlo method for estimating the correlation exponent of a stationary ergodic sequence. The estimator can be considered as a bootstrap version of the classical Hill estimator. A simulation study shows that the method yields reasonable estimates.

  17. A MONTE-CARLO METHOD FOR ESTIMATING THE CORRELATION EXPONENT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    MIKOSCH, T; WANG, QA

    We propose a Monte Carlo method for estimating the correlation exponent of a stationary ergodic sequence. The estimator can be considered as a bootstrap version of the classical Hill estimator. A simulation study shows that the method yields reasonable estimates.

  18. Correlations between direct and indirect strength test methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kallu Raj; Roghanchi Pedram

    2015-01-01

    The difficulties associated with performing direct compression strength tests on rocks lead to the devel-opment of indirect test methods for the rock strength assessment. Indirect test methods are simple, more economical, less time-consuming, and easily adaptable to the field. The main aim of this study was to derive correlations between direct and indirect test methods for basalt and rhyolite rock types from Carlin trend deposits in Nevada. In the destructive methods, point load index, block punch index, and splitting tensile strength tests are performed. In the non-destructive methods, Schmidt hammer and ultrasonic pulse velocity tests are performed. Correlations between the direct and indirect compression strength tests are developed using linear and nonlinear regression analysis methods. The results show that the splitting tensile strength has the best correlation with the uniaxial compression strength. Furthermore, the Poisson’s ratio has no correlation with any of the direct and indirect test results.

  19. Time domain averaging and correlation-based improved spectrum sensing method for cognitive radio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shenghong; Bi, Guoan

    2014-12-01

    Based on the combination of time domain averaging and correlation, we propose an effective time domain averaging and correlation-based spectrum sensing (TDA-C-SS) method used in very low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) environments. With the assumption that the received signals from the primary users are deterministic, the proposed TDA-C-SS method processes the received samples by a time averaging operation to improve the SNR. Correlation operation is then performed with a correlation matrix to determine the existence of the primary signal in the received samples. The TDA-C-SS method does not need any prior information on the received samples and the associated noise power to achieve improved sensing performance. Simulation results are presented to show the effectiveness of the proposed TDA-C-SS method.

  20. ALGEBRAIC METHODS IN PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL OPERATORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Djilali Behloul

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we build a class of partial differential operators L having the following property: if u is a meromorphic function in Cn and Lu is a rational function A/q, with q homogenous, then u is also a rational function.

  1. An Improved Dynamic Programming Method for Automatic Stratigraphic Correlation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Hanjie; Yan Hong; Xiang Zhucong; Wang Yanjiang

    2003-01-01

    An improved dynamic programming algorithm is proposed for reducing the possible mismatching of layer in multi-well correlation. Compared with the standard dynamic programming algorithm, this method restricts the searching range during layer matching. It can not only avoid possible mismatching between sample and target layer, but also reduce the time spent on layer correlation. The result of applying the improved methods on the data processed by standard method before indicates that the improved one is more effective and timesaving for the multi-well correlation system than conventional dynamic programming algorithm.

  2. Correlation theory-based signal processing method for CMF signals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Yan-lin; Tu, Ya-qing

    2016-06-01

    Signal processing precision of Coriolis mass flowmeter (CMF) signals affects measurement accuracy of Coriolis mass flowmeters directly. To improve the measurement accuracy of CMFs, a correlation theory-based signal processing method for CMF signals is proposed, which is comprised of the correlation theory-based frequency estimation method and phase difference estimation method. Theoretical analysis shows that the proposed method eliminates the effect of non-integral period sampling signals on frequency and phase difference estimation. The results of simulations and field experiments demonstrate that the proposed method improves the anti-interference performance of frequency and phase difference estimation and has better estimation performance than the adaptive notch filter, discrete Fourier transform and autocorrelation methods in terms of frequency estimation and the data extension-based correlation, Hilbert transform, quadrature delay estimator and discrete Fourier transform methods in terms of phase difference estimation, which contributes to improving the measurement accuracy of Coriolis mass flowmeters.

  3. WAVELET BASED SPECTRAL CORRELATION METHOD FOR DPSK CHIP RATE ESTIMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Yingxiang; Xiao Xianci; Tai Hengming

    2004-01-01

    A wavelet-based spectral correlation algorithm to detect and estimate BPSK signal chip rate is proposed. Simulation results show that the proposed method can correctly estimate the BPSK signal chip rate, which may be corrupted by the quadratic characteristics of the spectral correlation function, in a low SNR environment.

  4. Composite Operator Method Analysis of the Underdoped Cuprates Puzzle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo Avella

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The microscopical analysis of the unconventional and puzzling physics of the underdoped cuprates, as carried out lately by means of the composite operator method (COM applied to the 2D Hubbard model, is reviewed and systematized. The 2D Hubbard model has been adopted as it has been considered the minimal model capable of describing the most peculiar features of cuprates held responsible for their anomalous behavior. COM is designed to endorse, since its foundation, the systematic emergence in any SCS of new elementary excitations described by composite operators obeying noncanonical algebras. In this case (underdoped cuprates—2D Hubbard model, the residual interactions—beyond a 2-pole approximation—between the new elementary electronic excitations, dictated by the strong local Coulomb repulsion and well described by the two Hubbard composite operators, have been treated within the noncrossing approximation. Given this recipe and exploiting the few unknowns to enforce the Pauli principle content in the solution, it is possible to qualitatively describe some of the anomalous features of high-Tc cuprate superconductors such as large versus small Fermi surface dichotomy, Fermi surface deconstruction (appearance of Fermi arcs, nodal versus antinodal physics, pseudogap(s, and kinks in the electronic dispersion. The resulting scenario envisages a smooth crossover between an ordinary weakly interacting metal sustaining weak, short-range antiferromagnetic correlations in the overdoped regime to an unconventional poor metal characterized by very strong, long-but-finite-range antiferromagnetic correlations leading to momentum-selective non-Fermi liquid features as well as to the opening of a pseudogap and to the striking differences between the nodal and the antinodal dynamics in the underdoped regime.

  5. A NEW SYSTEM DYNAMIC EXTREMUM SELF-SEARCHING METHOD BASED ON CORRELATION ANALYSIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李嘉; 刘文江; 胡军; 袁廷奇

    2003-01-01

    Objective To propose a new dynamic extremum self-searching method, which can be used in industrial processes extremum optimum control systems, to overcome the disadvantages of traditional method. Methods This algorithm is based on correlation analysis. A pseudo-random binary signal m-sequence u(t) is added as probe signal in system input, construct cross-correlation function between system input and output, the next step hunting direction is judged by the differential sign. Results Compared with traditional algorithm such as step forward hunting method, the iterative efficient, hunting precision and anti-interference ability of the correlation analysis method is obvious over the traditional algorithm. The computer simulation experimental given illustrate these viewpoints. Conclusion The correlation analysis method can settle the optimum state point of device operating process. It has the advantage of easy condition , simple calculate process.

  6. An exact management method for demand driven, industrial operations

    OpenAIRE

    Puikko, J. (Janne)

    2010-01-01

    Abstract The framing into demand driven operations is because of the operations research modelling approach. The modelling approach requires continuous regressors and an independent response factor. The demand as an operating factor is considered as independent response factor in relation to the continuous regressors. The method validation is made along several longitudinal case studies to cover local, global and international industrial operations. The examined operational scope is from c...

  7. A double-correlation tremor-location method

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Ka Lok; Sadeghisorkhani, Hamzeh; Roberts, Roland; Gudmundsson, Ólafur

    2016-01-01

    A double-correlation method is introduced to locate tremor sources based on stacks of complex, doubly-correlated tremor records of multiple triplets of seismographs back projected to hypothetical source locations in a geographic grid. Peaks in the resulting stack of moduli are inferred source locations. The stack of the moduli is a robust measure of energy radiated from a point source or point sources even when the velocity information is imprecise. Application to real data shows how double correlation focuses the source mapping compared to the common single correlation approach. Synthetic tests demonstrate the robustness of the method and its resolution limitations which are controlled by the station geometry, the finite frequency of the signal, the quality of the used velocity information and noise level. Both random noise and signal or noise correlated at time shifts that are inconsistent with the assumed velocity structure can be effectively suppressed. Assuming a surface-wave velocity, we can constrain t...

  8. Eigenvalues of singular differential operators by finite difference methods. II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baxley, J. V.

    1972-01-01

    Note is made of an earlier paper which defined finite difference operators for the Hilbert space L2(m), and gave the eigenvalues for these operators. The present work examines eigenvalues for higher order singular differential operators by using finite difference methods. The two self-adjoint operators investigated are defined by a particular value in the same Hilbert space, L2(m), and are strictly positive with compact inverses. A class of finite difference operators is considered, with the idea of application to the theory of Toeplitz matrices. The approximating operators consist of a good approximation plus a perturbing operator.

  9. A Method of Operating a Fuel Cell

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    The present invention relates to a method of determining the net water drag coefficient (rd) in a fuel cell. By measuring the velocity of the fluid stream at the outlet of the anode, rd can be determined. Real time monitoring and adjustments of the water balance of a fuel cell may be therefore...

  10. A Method of Operating a Fuel Cell

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    The present invention relates to a method of determining the net water drag coefficient (rd) in a fuel cell. By measuring the velocity of the fluid stream at the outlet of the anode, rd can be determined. Real time monitoring and adjustments of the water balance of a fuel cell may be therefore...

  11. The operator method for angular momentum and SU3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eekelen, H.A.M. van; Ruijgrok, Th.W.

    1966-01-01

    It is well known how Schwinger's1) operator method can be used to construct all representations of the angular momentum operators. We give a brief account of this method and show that it is very convenient for a short derivation of the general Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. The method is then applied

  12. A correlation based fault detection method for short circuits in battery packs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Bing; Shang, Yunlong; Nguyen, Truong; Mi, Chris

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a fault detection method for short circuits based on the correlation coefficient of voltage curves. The proposed method utilizes the direct voltage measurements from the battery cells, and does not require any additional hardware or effort in modeling during fault detection. Moreover, the inherent mathematical properties of the correlation coefficient ensure the robustness of this method as the battery pack ages or is imbalanced in real applications. In order to apply this method online, the recursive moving window correlation coefficient calculation is adopted to maintain the detection sensitivity to faults during operation. An additive square wave is designed to prevent false positive detections when the batteries are at rest. The fault isolation can be achieved by identifying the overlapped cell in the correlation coefficients with fault flags. Simulation and experimental results validated the feasibility and demonstrated the advantages of this method.

  13. Dermatoglyphics: Correlation between software and traditional method in kineanthropometric application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.J. Nodari-Júnior

    2014-06-01

    Conclusion: These results significantly correlate the computerized and traditional methods, which qualifies M1 as the instrument for the capture, structuration of the design and analysis of the digital fingerprints through a dermatoglyphic method using the digital fingerprint marker, which is the essential condition to acceptance and scientific recognition of new instruments.

  14. Rapid Measurement of Spectral Characteristics by Correlation Matching Method

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Chol-Sun; Im, Song-Jin

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we have established the couple system of a spectroscope, CCD and computer and proposed a method of the rapid measurement on spectral characteristics such as central wavelengths, relative intensities, sensitivity lines and the wavelength range and image pixel of the spectral images of a material by using the correlation matching method for the image discernment of digital spectra.

  15. A correlation method of detecting and estimating interactions of QTLs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    More and more studies demonstrate that a great deal of interactions among the quantitative trait loci (QTLs) are far more than those detected by single markers. A correlation method was proposed for estimating the interactions of multiple QTLs detected by multi-markers in several mapping populations. Genetic implication of this method and usage were discussed.

  16. Convection pump and method of operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steinhour, Leif Alexi

    2017-07-11

    This disclosure provides systems, methods, and apparatus related to a convection pump. In one aspect, an apparatus includes a chamber, the chamber having an inlet at a first end of the chamber and an outlet at a second end of the chamber. The chamber further has a first surface and a second surface, the first surface being opposite to the second surface. A baffle having a substantially helical shape is disposed inside the chamber. A heating device is configured to heat the first surface of the chamber. A cooling device is configured to cool the second surface of the chamber.

  17. Bringing the cross-correlation method up to date

    Science.gov (United States)

    Statler, Thomas

    1995-03-01

    The cross-correlation (XC) method of Tonry & Davis (1979, AJ, 84, 1511) is generalized to arbitrary parametrized line profiles. In the new algorithm the correlation function itself, rather than the observed galaxy spectrum, is fitted by the model line profile: this removes much of the complication in the error analysis caused by template mismatch. Like the Fourier correlation quotient (FCQ) method of Bender (1990, A&A, 229, 441), the inferred line profiles are, up to a normalization constant, independent of template mismatch as long as there are no blended lines. The standard reduced chi2 is a good measure of the fit of the inferred velocity distribution, largely decoupled from the fit of the spectral template. The updated XC method performs as well as other recently developed methods, with the added virtue of conceptual simplicity.

  18. Bringing the cross-correlation method up to date

    Science.gov (United States)

    Statler, Thomas

    1995-01-01

    The cross-correlation (XC) method of Tonry & Davis (1979, AJ, 84, 1511) is generalized to arbitrary parametrized line profiles. In the new algorithm the correlation function itself, rather than the observed galaxy spectrum, is fitted by the model line profile: this removes much of the complication in the error analysis caused by template mismatch. Like the Fourier correlation quotient (FCQ) method of Bender (1990, A&A, 229, 441), the inferred line profiles are, up to a normalization constant, independent of template mismatch as long as there are no blended lines. The standard reduced chi(exp 2) is a good measure of the fit of the inferred velocity distribution, largely decoupled from the fit of the spectral template. The updated XC method performs as well as other recently developed methods, with the added virtue of conceptual simplicity.

  19. All three-loop four-point correlators of half-BPS operators in planar $ \\mathcal{N} $ = 4 SYM

    CERN Document Server

    Chicherin, Dmitry; Heslop, Paul; Sokatchev, Emery

    2016-01-01

    We obtain the planar correlation function of four half-BPS operators of arbitrary weights, up to three loops. Our method exploits only elementary properties of the integrand of the planar correlator, such as its symmetries and singularity structure. This allows us to write down a general ansatz for the integrand. The coefficients in the ansatz are fixed by means of a powerful light-cone OPE relation between correlators with different weights. Our result is formulated in terms of a limited number of functions built from known one-, two- and three-loop conformal integrals. These results are useful for checking recent integrability predictions for the OPE structure constants.

  20. Does operative experience during residency correlate with reported competency of recent general surgery graduates?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safavi, Arash; Lai, Sarah; Butterworth, Sonia; Hameed, Morad; Schiller, Dan; Skarsgard, Erik

    2012-01-01

    Background Identification of attributes of residency training that predict competency would improve surgical education. We hypothesized that case experience during residency would correlate with self-reported competency of recent graduates. Methods Aggregate case log data of residents enrolled in 2 general surgery programs were collected over a 12-month period and stratified into Surgical Council on Resident Education (SCORE) categories. We surveyed recent (surgery (4, 0.04%), and the least common EU procedure was abdomen–spleen (1, 0.1%). The questionnaire response rate was 45%. For EC procedures, self-reported competency was highest in skin and soft tissue, thoracic and head and neck (each 100%) and lowest in vascular–venous (54%), whereas for EU procedures it was highest in abdomen–general (100%) and lowest in vascular–arterial (62%). The correlation between case volume and self-reported competency was poor (R = 0.2 for EC procedures). Conclusion Self-reported competency correlates poorly with operative case experience during residency. Other curriculum factors, including specific rotations and timing, balance between inpatient and outpatient surgical experience and competition for cases, may contribute to procedural competency acquisition during residency. PMID:22854144

  1. Characterization of silicon avalanche photodiodes for photon correlation measurements. 3: Sub-Geiger operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, R G; Daniels, M

    1989-11-01

    We continue examination of the photon correlation properties of silicon avalanche photodiodes operated in the single-photon counting mode by extending their operation from that of passive [Appl. Opt. 25, 4122-4126 (1986)] and active [Appl. Opt. 26, 2383-2389 (1987)] quenching to the sub-Geiger mode, with potential for high quantum efficiency and very low afterpulsing.

  2. Method for assessing motor insulation on operating motors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kueck, John D.; Otaduy, Pedro J.

    1997-01-01

    A method for monitoring the condition of electrical-motor-driven devices. The method is achieved by monitoring electrical variables associated with the functioning of an operating motor, applying these electrical variables to a three phase equivalent circuit and determining non-symmetrical faults in the operating motor based upon symmetrical components analysis techniques.

  3. Dynamical System Method for Solving Ill-Posed Operator Equations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xingjun Luo; Suhua Yang

    2007-01-01

    Two dynamical system methods are studied for solving linear ill-posed problems with both operator and right-hand nonexact. The methods solve a Cauchy problem for a linear operator equation which possesses a global solution. The limit of the global solution at infinity solves the original linear equation. Moreover,we also present a convergent iterativeprocess for solving the Cauchy problem.

  4. Method of operating a direct dme fuel cell system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    The present invention relates to a method of operating a fuel cell system comprising one or more fuel cells with a proton exchange membrane, wherein the membrane is composed of a polymeric material comprising acid-doped polybenzimidazole (PBI). The method comprises adjusting the operating...

  5. 12 CFR 1101.3 - Organization and methods of operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Organization and methods of operation. 1101.3 Section 1101.3 Banks and Banking FEDERAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS EXAMINATION COUNCIL DESCRIPTION OF OFFICE, PROCEDURES, PUBLIC INFORMATION § 1101.3 Organization and methods of operation. (a) Statutory requirements relating to the Council's...

  6. Method of operating a direct dme fuel cell system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    The present invention relates to a method of operating a fuel cell system comprising one or more fuel cells with a proton exchange membrane, wherein the membrane is composed of a polymeric material comprising acid-doped polybenzimidazole (PBI). The method comprises adjusting the operating...

  7. Shape determination of unidimensional objects: the virtual image correlation method

    OpenAIRE

    Auradou H.; Vatteville J.; Semin B.; Francois M.

    2010-01-01

    The proposed method, named Virtual Image Correlation, allows one to identify an analytical expression of the shape of a curvilinear object from its image. It uses a virtual beam, whose curvature field is expressed as a truncated mathematical series. The virtual beam width only needs to be close to the physical one; its gray level (in the transverse direction) is bell-shaped. The method consists in finding the coefficients of the series for which the correlation between physical and virtual ...

  8. Systematic errors in the correlation method for Johnson noise thermometry: residual correlations due to amplifiers

    CERN Document Server

    Callegaro, Luca; Ortolano, Massimo

    2009-01-01

    Johnson noise thermometers (JNT) measure the equilibrium electrical noise, proportional to thermodynamic temperature, of a sensing resistor. In the correlation method, the same resistor is connected to two amplifiers and a correlation of their outputs is performed, in order to reject amplifiers' noise. Such rejection is not perfect: the residual correlation gives a systematic error in the JNT reading. In order to put an upper limit, or to achieve a correction, for such error, a careful electrical modelling of the amplifiers and connections must be performed. Standard numerical simulation tools are inadequate for such modelling. In literature, evaluations have been performed by the painstaking solving of analytical modelling. We propose an evaluation procedure for the JNT error due to residual correlations which blends analytical and numerical approaches, with the benefits of both: a rigorous and accurate circuit noise modelling, and a fast and flexible evaluation with an user-friendly commercial tool. The met...

  9. DIGITAL SPECKLE CORRELATION METHOD IMPROVED BY GENETIC ALGORITHM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MaShaopeng; JillGuanchang

    2003-01-01

    The digital speckle correlation method is an important optical metrology for surface displacement and strain measurement. With this technique, the whole field deformation information can be obtained by tracking the geometric points on the speckle images based on a correlation-matching search technique. However, general search techniques suffer from great computational complexity in the processing of speckle images with large deformation and the large random errors in the processing of images of bad quality. In this paper, an advanced approach based on genetic algorithms (GA) for correlation-matching search is developed. Benefiting from the abilities of global optimum and parallelism searching of GA, this new approach can complete the correlation-matching search with less computational consumption and at high accuracy. Two experimental results from the simulated speckle images have proved the efficiency of the new approach.

  10. A double-correlation tremor-location method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ka Lok; Sgattoni, Giulia; Sadeghisorkhani, Hamzeh; Roberts, Roland; Gudmundsson, Olafur

    2017-02-01

    A double-correlation method is introduced to locate tremor sources based on stacks of complex, doubly-correlated tremor records of multiple triplets of seismographs back projected to hypothetical source locations in a geographic grid. Peaks in the resulting stack of moduli are inferred source locations. The stack of the moduli is a robust measure of energy radiated from a point source or point sources even when the velocity information is imprecise. Application to real data shows how double correlation focuses the source mapping compared to the common single correlation approach. Synthetic tests demonstrate the robustness of the method and its resolution limitations which are controlled by the station geometry, the finite frequency of the signal, the quality of the used velocity information and noise level. Both random noise and signal or noise correlated at time shifts that are inconsistent with the assumed velocity structure can be effectively suppressed. Assuming a surface wave velocity, we can constrain the source location even if the surface wave component does not dominate. The method can also in principle be used with body waves in 3-D, although this requires more data and seismographs placed near the source for depth resolution.

  11. Correlation of Post-Operative Hypoalbuminemia with Outcome of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Ghaderian

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hypoalbuminemia may be caused by liver disease, nephrotic syndrome, burns, protein-losing entropathy, malnutrition, and metabolic stress. Alterations in albumin in metabolic stress such as cardiac surgery have been previously investigated. We studied serum albumin concentration in children with congenital heart disease and also the association of hypoalbuminemia with mortality and morbidity after pediatric cardiac surgery.Methods: We measured serum albumin concentration prospectively in 300 children with congenital heart disease who underwent surgery between July and September 2008 in Shaheed Rajaee hospital. Serum albumin concentration was measured before and 48 hours after cardiac surgery and was subsequently compared between 2 groups: cyanotic and acyanotic and also with normal values.Results: Serum albumin concentration decreased on the second post-operative day in 70 (23.3% patients. There was a positive correlation between the post-surgical hypoalbuminemia and cyanotic heart disease. The cyanotic children had lower serum albumin concentration than the acyanotic ones (P value <0.001. There was a significant association between post-operative serum albumin concentration and acute renal failure (P value <0.001 and death (P value <0.001. Drop in serum albumin concentration was more prominent in the males than in the females (P value=0.038 and in the cyanotic patients than in the acyanotic ones (P value <0.001 as well as in those with acute renal failure (P value <0.001, pericardial effusion (P value=0.050, seizure (P value <0.001, and death (P value <0.001. Hypoalbuminemia was not associated with longer hospital (P value=0.142 or intensive care unit stay (P value=0.199 .Conclusion: Post-operative serum albumin concentration was lower in the cyanotic children and male patients in our study. In addition, the post-operative decrease in albumin was associated with an increased risk of pericardial effusion, renal failure, seizure, and

  12. Capturing correlations in chaotic diffusion by approximation methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, Georgie; Klages, Rainer

    2011-10-01

    We investigate three different methods for systematically approximating the diffusion coefficient of a deterministic random walk on the line that contains dynamical correlations that change irregularly under parameter variation. Capturing these correlations by incorporating higher-order terms, all schemes converge to the analytically exact result. Two of these methods are based on expanding the Taylor-Green-Kubo formula for diffusion, while the third method approximates Markov partitions and transition matrices by using a slight variation of the escape rate theory of chaotic diffusion. We check the practicability of the different methods by working them out analytically and numerically for a simple one-dimensional map, study their convergence, and critically discuss their usefulness in identifying a possible fractal instability of parameter-dependent diffusion, in the case of dynamics where exact results for the diffusion coefficient are not available.

  13. Gaussian translation operator for Multi-Level Fast Multipole Method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borries, Oscar Peter; Hansen, Per Christian; Sorensen, Stig B.

    2014-01-01

    Results using a new translation operator for the Multi-Level Fast Multipole Method are presented. Based on Gaussian beams, the translation operator allows a significant portion of the plane-wave directions to be neglected, resulting in a much faster translation step.......Results using a new translation operator for the Multi-Level Fast Multipole Method are presented. Based on Gaussian beams, the translation operator allows a significant portion of the plane-wave directions to be neglected, resulting in a much faster translation step....

  14. Cluster-in-molecule local correlation method for large systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Wei; LI ShuHua

    2014-01-01

    A linear scaling local correlation method,cluster-in-molecule(CIM)method,was developed in the last decade for large systems.The basic idea of the CIM method is that the electron correlation energy of a large system,within the M ller-Plesset perturbation theory(MP)or coupled cluster(CC)theory,can be approximately obtained from solving the corresponding MP or CC equations of various clusters.Each of such clusters consists of a subset of localized molecular orbitals(LMOs)of the target system,and can be treated independently at various theory levels.In the present article,the main idea of the CIM method is reviewed,followed by brief descriptions of some recent developments,including its multilevel extension and different ways of constructing clusters.Then,some applications for large systems are illustrated.The CIM method is shown to be an efficient and reliable method for electron correlation calculations of large systems,including biomolecules and supramolecular complexes.

  15. Two-Dimensional Correlation Method for Polymer Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herman, Matthew Joseph [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-06-08

    Since its introduction by Noda in 1986 two-dimension correlation spectroscopy has been offering polymer scientists an opportunity to look more deeply into collected spectroscopic data. When the spectra are recorded in response to an external perturbation, it is possible to correlate the spectra and expand the information over a separate spectra axis allow for enhancement of spectral resolution, the ability to determine synchronous change, and a unique way to organize observed changes in the spectra into sequential order following a set of three simple rules. By organizing the 2D spectra into synchronous change plots and asynchronous change plots it is possible to correlate change between spectral regions and develop their temporal relationships to one another. With the introduction of moving-window correlation-spectroscopy by Thomas and Richardson in 2000, a method of binning and processing data, it became possible to directly correlate relationships generated in the spectra from the change in the perturbation variable. This method takes advantage of the added resolution of two-dimension spectroscopy and has been applied to study very week transitions found in polymer materials. Appling both of these techniques we are beginning to develop an understanding of how polymers decay under radiolytic aging, to develop a stronger understanding of changes in mechanical properties and the service capabilities of materials.

  16. External Source Method for Kubo-Transformed Quantum Correlation Functions

    CERN Document Server

    Horikoshi, Atsushi

    2014-01-01

    We revisit the external source method for Kubo-transformed quantum correlation functions recently proposed by Krishna and Voth. We derive an exact formula and show that the Krishna-Voth formula can be derived as an approximation of our formula. Some properties of this approximation are clarified through a model calculation of the position autocorrelation function for a one-dimensional harmonic oscillator. A key observation is that the Krishna-Voth correlation function has a term which behaves as the secular term in perturbation theory.

  17. Deterministic operations research models and methods in linear optimization

    CERN Document Server

    Rader, David J

    2013-01-01

    Uniquely blends mathematical theory and algorithm design for understanding and modeling real-world problems Optimization modeling and algorithms are key components to problem-solving across various fields of research, from operations research and mathematics to computer science and engineering. Addressing the importance of the algorithm design process. Deterministic Operations Research focuses on the design of solution methods for both continuous and discrete linear optimization problems. The result is a clear-cut resource for understanding three cornerstones of deterministic operations resear

  18. Shape determination of unidimensional objects: the virtual image correlation method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Auradou H.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The proposed method, named Virtual Image Correlation, allows one to identify an analytical expression of the shape of a curvilinear object from its image. It uses a virtual beam, whose curvature field is expressed as a truncated mathematical series. The virtual beam width only needs to be close to the physical one; its gray level (in the transverse direction is bell-shaped. The method consists in finding the coefficients of the series for which the correlation between physical and virtual beams is the best. The accuracy and the robustness of the method is shown by the mean of two examples. The first details a Young’s modulus identification from a cantilever beam image. The second is relative to a thermal plume image, that have a weak contrast and a lot of noise.

  19. Shape determination of unidimensional objects: the virtual image correlation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francois, M.; Semin, B.; Auradou, H.; Vatteville, J.

    2010-06-01

    The proposed method, named Virtual Image Correlation, allows one to identify an analytical expression of the shape of a curvilinear object from its image. It uses a virtual beam, whose curvature field is expressed as a truncated mathematical series. The virtual beam width only needs to be close to the physical one; its gray level (in the transverse direction) is bell-shaped. The method consists in finding the coefficients of the series for which the correlation between physical and virtual beams is the best. The accuracy and the robustness of the method is shown by the mean of two examples. The first details a Young’s modulus identification from a cantilever beam image. The second is relative to a thermal plume image, that have a weak contrast and a lot of noise.

  20. EFFECT OF DIFFERENT OPERATION METHODS ON METHANE HYDRATE FORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAO Wenfeng; FAN Shuanshi; WANG Jinqu

    2003-01-01

    Three experiments of static state storage method, low-temperature and constant-pressure storage method and low-temperature and constant-pressure storage method were carried out to investigate which method was best in gas hydrate. The relationships of hydrate rate, capacity and liquid temperature versus time were derived and three results were contrasted. The experimental results show lowtemperature and constant-pressure method is better than the other two methods because it's operation period is shorter and storage capacity is larger than the other two. Low-temperature and constant-pressure method is the best method. So new method will be new research objective.

  1. Operator performance evaluation using multi criteria decision making methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rani, Ruzanita Mat; Ismail, Wan Rosmanira; Razali, Siti Fatihah

    2014-06-01

    Operator performance evaluation is a very important operation in labor-intensive manufacturing industry because the company's productivity depends on the performance of its operators. The aims of operator performance evaluation are to give feedback to operators on their performance, to increase company's productivity and to identify strengths and weaknesses of each operator. In this paper, six multi criteria decision making methods; Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), fuzzy AHP (FAHP), ELECTRE, PROMETHEE II, Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) and VlseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (VIKOR) are used to evaluate the operators' performance and to rank the operators. The performance evaluation is based on six main criteria; competency, experience and skill, teamwork and time punctuality, personal characteristics, capability and outcome. The study was conducted at one of the SME food manufacturing companies in Selangor. From the study, it is found that AHP and FAHP yielded the "outcome" criteria as the most important criteria. The results of operator performance evaluation showed that the same operator is ranked the first using all six methods.

  2. Importance of technical operations: lessons from evolving biotherapeutics production methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaluria, Pratik; Adams, Derek N

    2009-11-01

    Research and development connect technology and innovation to product design. However, the term is often used to refer to only a subset of the necessary disciplines to the exclusion of technical operations. Here, we argue that the importance of technical operations is undeniable, offering possible solutions by drawing on lessons from outdated biotherapeutics production methods and highlighting advances in the field.

  3. Truncation Method for Operators with Disconnected Essential Spectrum

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M N N Namboodiri

    2002-02-01

    In this short paper, the usage of truncation method to get information about essential spectrum of bounded as well as semi-bounded linear operators on separable Hilbert spaces, is investigated. In addition to this, the problem of predicting the gaps in the essential spectrum of self-adjoint operators, linear algebraically is also considered.

  4. Estimation of pump operational state with model-based methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahonen, Tero; Tamminen, Jussi; Ahola, Jero; Viholainen, Juha; Aranto, Niina [Institute of Energy Technology, Lappeenranta University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, FI-53851 Lappeenranta (Finland); Kestilae, Juha [ABB Drives, P.O. Box 184, FI-00381 Helsinki (Finland)

    2010-06-15

    Pumps are widely used in industry, and they account for 20% of the industrial electricity consumption. Since the speed variation is often the most energy-efficient method to control the head and flow rate of a centrifugal pump, frequency converters are used with induction motor-driven pumps. Although a frequency converter can estimate the operational state of an induction motor without external measurements, the state of a centrifugal pump or other load machine is not typically considered. The pump is, however, usually controlled on the basis of the required flow rate or output pressure. As the pump operational state can be estimated with a general model having adjustable parameters, external flow rate or pressure measurements are not necessary to determine the pump flow rate or output pressure. Hence, external measurements could be replaced with an adjustable model for the pump that uses estimates of the motor operational state. Besides control purposes, modelling the pump operation can provide useful information for energy auditing and optimization purposes. In this paper, two model-based methods for pump operation estimation are presented. Factors affecting the accuracy of the estimation methods are analyzed. The applicability of the methods is verified by laboratory measurements and tests in two pilot installations. Test results indicate that the estimation methods can be applied to the analysis and control of pump operation. The accuracy of the methods is sufficient for auditing purposes, and the methods can inform the user if the pump is driven inefficiently. (author)

  5. Method and Apparatus Providing Deception and/or Altered Operation in an Information System Operating System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Fred; Rogers, Deanna T.; Neagoe, Vicentiu

    2008-10-14

    A method and/or system and/or apparatus providing deception and/or execution alteration in an information system. In specific embodiments, deceptions and/or protections are provided by intercepting and/or modifying operation of one or more system calls of an operating system.

  6. Projection operator method CPA to single-particle excitation spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kakehashi, Yoshiro

    2005-03-01

    Single-site theories for electron correlations such as the many-body CPA, the dynamical CPA, and the dynamical-mean field theory are useful as a starting point to describe strongly correlated electron systems. Nevertheless, simple and useful treatments of correlations being applicable to the realistic system has not yet been well developed. We propose here the projection operator technique combined with the many-body CPA which allows us to calculate the excitation spectrum directly from the retarded Green function. The basic idea is to introduce an energy dependent Liouville operator for the description of the dynamics of correlated electrons. The self-energy obtained by a renormalized perturbation scheme describes the overall features of excitation spectra. The quasiparticle weight for a half-filled band in infinite dimensions show a simple analytic form Z=[1-(U/Uc2)^2]/[1+(U/U2)^2] with Uc2=3.705 and U2=2.522 (hypercubic lattice) which reproduces well the result of the numerical renormalization group calculations. The critical Coulomb interaction Uc1 for a gap formation is 3.69 when the Hartree-Fock wave function is used for the evaluation of the static average, and 3.24 when the correlated wave function is used. The latter agrees with the result of the NRG within 1% error.

  7. An improved image reconstruction method for optical intensity correlation Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Xin; Feng, Lingjie; Li, Xiyu

    2016-12-01

    The intensity correlation imaging method is a novel kind of interference imaging and it has favorable prospects in deep space recognition. However, restricted by the low detecting signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), it's usually very difficult to obtain high-quality image of deep space object like high-Earth-orbit (HEO) satellite with existing phase retrieval methods. In this paper, based on the priori intensity statistical distribution model of the object and characteristics of measurement noise distribution, an improved method of Prior Information Optimization (PIO) is proposed to reduce the ambiguous images and accelerate the phase retrieval procedure thus realizing fine image reconstruction. As the simulations and experiments show, compared to previous methods, our method could acquire higher-resolution images with less error in low SNR condition.

  8. New Transcorrelated Method Improving the Feasibility of Explicitly Correlated Calculations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osamu Hino

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: We recently developed an explicitly correlated method using the transcorrelated Hamiltonian, which is preliminarily parameterized in such a way that the Coulomb repulsion is compensated at short inter-electronic distances. The extra part of the effective Hamiltonian features short-ranged, size-consistent, and state-universal. The localized and frozen nature of the correlation factor makes the enormous three-body interaction less important and enables us to bypass the complex nonlinear optimization. We review the basic strategy of the method mainly focusing on the applications to single-reference many electron theories using modified Møller-Plesset partitioning and biorthogonal orbitals. Benchmark calculations are performed for 10-electron systems with a series of basis sets.

  9. Wavelet operational matrix method for solving the Riccati differential equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuanlu; Sun, Ning; Zheng, Bochao; Wang, Qi; Zhang, Yingchao

    2014-03-01

    A Haar wavelet operational matrix method (HWOMM) was derived to solve the Riccati differential equations. As a result, the computation of the nonlinear term was simplified by using the Block pulse function to expand the Haar wavelet one. The proposed method can be used to solve not only the classical Riccati differential equations but also the fractional ones. The capability and the simplicity of the proposed method was demonstrated by some examples and comparison with other methods.

  10. Correlation between two methods of florbetapir PET quantitative analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breault, Christopher; Piper, Jonathan; Joshi, Abhinay D; Pirozzi, Sara D; Nelson, Aaron S; Lu, Ming; Pontecorvo, Michael J; Mintun, Mark A; Devous, Michael D

    2017-01-01

    This study evaluated performance of a commercially available standardized software program for calculation of florbetapir PET standard uptake value ratios (SUVr) in comparison with an established research method. Florbetapir PET images for 183 subjects clinically diagnosed as cognitively normal (CN), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) (45 AD, 60 MCI, and 78 CN) were evaluated using two software processing algorithms. The research method uses a single florbetapir PET template generated by averaging both amyloid positive and amyloid negative registered brains together. The commercial software simultaneously optimizes the registration between the florbetapir PET images and three templates: amyloid negative, amyloid positive, and an average. Cortical average SUVr values were calculated across six predefined anatomic regions with respect to the whole cerebellum reference region. SUVr values were well correlated between the two methods (r2 = 0.98). The relationship between the methods computed from the regression analysis is: Commercial method SUVr = (0.9757*Research SUVr) + 0.0299. A previously defined cutoff SUVr of 1.1 for distinguishing amyloid positivity by the research method corresponded to 1.1 (95% CI = 1.098, 1.11) for the commercial method. This study suggests that the commercial method is comparable to the published research method of SUVr analysis for florbetapir PET images, thus facilitating the potential use of standardized quantitative approaches to PET amyloid imaging.

  11. Research on Canal System Operation Based on Controlled Volume Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiliang Ding

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available An operating simulation mode based on storage volume control method for multireach canal system in series was established. In allusion to the deficiency of existing controlled volume algorithm, the improved algorithm was proposed, that is the controlled volume algorithm of whole canal pools, the simulation results indicate that the storage volume and water level of each canal pool can be accurately controlled after the improved algorithm was adopted. However, for some typical discharge demand change operating conditions of canal, if the controlled volume algorithm of whole canal pool is still adopted, then it certainly will cause some unnecessary regulation, and consequently increases the disturbed canal reaches. Therefor, the idea of controlled volume operation method of continuous canal pools was proposed, and its algorithm was designed. Through simulation to practical project, the results indicate that the new controlled volume algorithm proposed for typical operating condition can comparatively obviously reduce the number of regulated check gates and disturbed canal pools for some typical discharge demand change operating conditions of canal, thus the control efficiency of canal system was improved. The controlled volume method of operation is specially suitable for large-scale water delivery canal system which possesses complex operation requirements.

  12. Operator content of the critical Potts model in d dimensions and logarithmic correlations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasseur, Romain, E-mail: rvasseur@berkeley.edu [Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Materials Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Jacobsen, Jesper Lykke [LPTENS, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris (France); Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris (France)

    2014-03-15

    Using the symmetric group S{sub Q} symmetry of the Q-state Potts model, we classify the (scalar) operator content of its underlying field theory in arbitrary dimension. In addition to the usual identity, energy and magnetization operators, we find fields that generalize the N-cluster operators well-known in two dimensions, together with their subleading counterparts. We give the explicit form of all these operators – up to non-universal constants – both on the lattice and in the continuum limit for the Landau theory. We compute exactly their two- and three-point correlation functions on an arbitrary graph in terms of simple probabilities, and give the general form of these correlation functions in the continuum limit at the critical point. Specializing to integer values of the parameter Q, we argue that the analytic continuation of the S{sub Q} symmetry yields logarithmic correlations at the critical point in arbitrary dimension, thus implying a mixing of some scaling fields by the scale transformation generator. All these logarithmic correlation functions are given a clear geometrical meaning, which can be checked in numerical simulations. Several physical examples are discussed, including bond percolation, spanning trees and forests, resistor networks and the Ising model. We also briefly address the generalization of our approach to the O(n) model.

  13. Multi-Scale Correlation Functions Associated with Polynomials of the Diffusion Operator

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    nature characterized by the power-law decay of correlations (e.g. Mandelbrot , 1997). A straightforward way to construct multi-scale BEC operators is to...turbulence in the Eastern English Channel. Ocean Dynam, (in pre»). Mandelbrot BB. 1997. Fractals and Scaling in Finance. Springer Berlin. Mclntosh

  14. Intertwining operator method and supersymmetry for effective mass Schroedinger equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzko, A.A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); JIPENP, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk (Belarus)], E-mail: suzko@cv.jinr.ru; Schulze-Halberg, A. [Mathematics Department, University of Colima, Bernal Diaz del Castillo 340, Colima 28045 (Mexico)], E-mail: xbat@ucol.mx

    2008-09-08

    By application of the intertwining operator method to Schroedinger equations with position-dependent (effective) mass, we construct Darboux transformations, establish the supersymmetry factorization technique and show equivalence of both formalisms. Our findings prove equivalence of the intertwining technique and the method of point transformations.

  15. Engine systems and methods of operating an engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scotto, Mark Vincent

    2015-08-25

    One embodiment of the present invention is a unique method for operating an engine. Another embodiment is a unique engine system. Other embodiments include apparatuses, systems, devices, hardware, methods, and combinations for engines and engine systems. Further embodiments, forms, features, aspects, benefits, and advantages of the present application will become apparent from the description and figures provided herewith.

  16. A fast digital image correlation method for deformation measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Bing; Li, Kai

    2011-07-01

    Fast and high-accuracy deformation analysis using digital image correlation (DIC) has been increasingly important and highly demanded in recent years. In literature, the DIC method using the Newton-Rapshon (NR) algorithm has been considered as a gold standard for accurate sub-pixel displacement tracking, as it is insensitive to the relative deformation and rotation of the target subset and thus provides highest sub-pixel registration accuracy and widest applicability. A significant drawback of conventional NR-algorithm-based DIC method, however, is its extremely huge computational expense. In this paper, a fast DIC method is proposed deformation measurement by effectively eliminating the repeating redundant calculations involved in the conventional NR-algorithm-based DIC method. Specifically, a reliability-guided displacement scanning strategy is employed to avoid time-consuming integer-pixel displacement searching for each calculation point, and a pre-computed global interpolation coefficient look-up table is utilized to entirely eliminate repetitive interpolation calculation at sub-pixel locations. With these two approaches, the proposed fast DIC method substantially increases the calculation efficiency of the traditional NR-algorithm-based DIC method. The performance of proposed fast DIC method is carefully tested on real experimental images using various calculation parameters. Results reveal that the computational speed of the present fast DIC is about 120-200 times faster than that of the traditional method, without any loss of its measurement accuracy

  17. An improved method for estimating the frequency correlation function

    KAUST Repository

    Chelli, Ali

    2012-04-01

    For time-invariant frequency-selective channels, the transfer function is a superposition of waves having different propagation delays and path gains. In order to estimate the frequency correlation function (FCF) of such channels, the frequency averaging technique can be utilized. The obtained FCF can be expressed as a sum of auto-terms (ATs) and cross-terms (CTs). The ATs are caused by the autocorrelation of individual path components. The CTs are due to the cross-correlation of different path components. These CTs have no physical meaning and leads to an estimation error. We propose a new estimation method aiming to improve the estimation accuracy of the FCF of a band-limited transfer function. The basic idea behind the proposed method is to introduce a kernel function aiming to reduce the CT effect, while preserving the ATs. In this way, we can improve the estimation of the FCF. The performance of the proposed method and the frequency averaging technique is analyzed using a synthetically generated transfer function. We show that the proposed method is more accurate than the frequency averaging technique. The accurate estimation of the FCF is crucial for the system design. In fact, we can determine the coherence bandwidth from the FCF. The exact knowledge of the coherence bandwidth is beneficial in both the design as well as optimization of frequency interleaving and pilot arrangement schemes. © 2012 IEEE.

  18. Evaluation of thinning operations in older pine stands. Research methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieter F. Giefing

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Evaluation of forest operations in different scientific institutions resulted in inventing of various methods. The objective of this paper is to present a universal concept of a research method for the evaluation of forest operations (including thinning operations with a multicriteria analysis of ecological, ergonomic and economic aspects (3E. Special attention was paid to the ecological evaluation, which has not been widely researched. Analysis of all three aspects of the 3E evaluation was based on a literature study. The results showed that it is essential to consider all three aspects in the evaluation of timber harvesting and that mechanised thinning operations (harvester – forwarder are preferable, considering all three aspects, compared to those carried out by chainsaw and skidder.  

  19. Support Operators Method for the Diffusion Equation in Multiple Materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winters, Andrew R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shashkov, Mikhail J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-14

    A second-order finite difference scheme for the solution of the diffusion equation on non-uniform meshes is implemented. The method allows the heat conductivity to be discontinuous. The algorithm is formulated on a one dimensional mesh and is derived using the support operators method. A key component of the derivation is that the discrete analog of the flux operator is constructed to be the negative adjoint of the discrete divergence, in an inner product that is a discrete analog of the continuum inner product. The resultant discrete operators in the fully discretized diffusion equation are symmetric and positive definite. The algorithm is generalized to operate on meshes with cells which have mixed material properties. A mechanism to recover intermediate temperature values in mixed cells using a limited linear reconstruction is introduced. The implementation of the algorithm is verified and the linear reconstruction mechanism is compared to previous results for obtaining new material temperatures.

  20. Comparison of operation optimization methods in energy system modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ommen, Torben Schmidt; Markussen, Wiebke Brix; Elmegaard, Brian

    2013-01-01

    , possibilities for decoupling production constraints may be valuable. Introduction of heat pumps in the district heating network may pose this ability. In order to evaluate if the introduction of heat pumps is economically viable, we develop calculation methods for the operation patterns of each of the used...... energy technologies. In the paper, three frequently used operation optimization methods are examined with respect to their impact on operation management of the combined technologies. One of the investigated approaches utilises linear programming for optimisation, one uses linear programming with binary...... operation constraints, while the third approach uses nonlinear programming. In the present case the non-linearity occurs in the boiler efficiency of power plants and the cv-value of an extraction plant. The linear programming model is used as a benchmark, as this type is frequently used, and has the lowest...

  1. Field methods to measure surface displacement and strain with the Video Image Correlation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maddux, Gary A.; Horton, Charles M.; Mcneill, Stephen R.; Lansing, Matthew D.

    1994-01-01

    The objective of this project was to develop methods and application procedures to measure displacement and strain fields during the structural testing of aerospace components using paint speckle in conjunction with the Video Image Correlation (VIC) system.

  2. Analysis Methods and Models for Small Unit Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-07-01

    methods are called for. TNO report I TNO-DV 2006 A228 9 /22 Efect Figure I Effect Based Operations framework. In practice, Figure 1 is useful when trying to...11, 111, IV, V Re-establishing communications Transport support (drivers, vehicles) Support to crowd and Riot Control (CRC) operations Support to... communicate opponent opponent intel gewonnen Verkennings- Reconnaissance Waarnemen terrein Observe terrain Inlichtingen over Gathered intel on patrouille

  3. Operational method for the space-energy slowing down problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    El Wakil, S.A.; Machali, H.M.; Madkour, M.A.; Saied, E.A.

    1988-01-01

    The direct operational method and Pade's approximation is used to transform the integro-differential form of the transport equation to differential form. The moment method and the similarity method are used to solve the space-energy problem in the slowing down region with energy-dependent cross section. The energy deposition factor is calculated in terms of the spatial-angular moments, without using the integral transform.

  4. a Task-Oriented Disaster Information Correlation Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linyao, Q.; Zhiqiang, D.; Qing, Z.

    2015-07-01

    With the rapid development of sensor networks and Earth observation technology, a large quantity of disaster-related data is available, such as remotely sensed data, historic data, case data, simulated data, and disaster products. However, the efficiency of current data management and service systems has become increasingly difficult due to the task variety and heterogeneous data. For emergency task-oriented applications, the data searches primarily rely on artificial experience based on simple metadata indices, the high time consumption and low accuracy of which cannot satisfy the speed and veracity requirements for disaster products. In this paper, a task-oriented correlation method is proposed for efficient disaster data management and intelligent service with the objectives of 1) putting forward disaster task ontology and data ontology to unify the different semantics of multi-source information, 2) identifying the semantic mapping from emergency tasks to multiple data sources on the basis of uniform description in 1), and 3) linking task-related data automatically and calculating the correlation between each data set and a certain task. The method goes beyond traditional static management of disaster data and establishes a basis for intelligent retrieval and active dissemination of disaster information. The case study presented in this paper illustrates the use of the method on an example flood emergency relief task.

  5. A TASK-ORIENTED DISASTER INFORMATION CORRELATION METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Q. Linyao

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid development of sensor networks and Earth observation technology, a large quantity of disaster-related data is available, such as remotely sensed data, historic data, case data, simulated data, and disaster products. However, the efficiency of current data management and service systems has become increasingly difficult due to the task variety and heterogeneous data. For emergency task-oriented applications, the data searches primarily rely on artificial experience based on simple metadata indices, the high time consumption and low accuracy of which cannot satisfy the speed and veracity requirements for disaster products. In this paper, a task-oriented correlation method is proposed for efficient disaster data management and intelligent service with the objectives of 1 putting forward disaster task ontology and data ontology to unify the different semantics of multi-source information, 2 identifying the semantic mapping from emergency tasks to multiple data sources on the basis of uniform description in 1, and 3 linking task-related data automatically and calculating the correlation between each data set and a certain task. The method goes beyond traditional static management of disaster data and establishes a basis for intelligent retrieval and active dissemination of disaster information. The case study presented in this paper illustrates the use of the method on an example flood emergency relief task.

  6. Correlation Method for Public Security Information in Big Data Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gang Zeng

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available With the gradual improvement of the informationization level in public security area, the concept "Information led policing" has been formed, many information systems have been built and vast amounts of business data have been accumulated down, But these systems and data are isolated and becoming the isolated information islands. This thesis proposes an architecture of information analysis system on big data platform, then discuss the question of data integration, finally proposes the correlation method for public security information: direct association and indirect association.

  7. SET OPERATOR-BASED METHOD OF DENOISING MEDICAL VOLUME DATA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程兵; 郑南宁; 袁泽剑

    2002-01-01

    Objective To investigate impulsive noise suppression of medical volume data. Methods The volume data is represented as level sets and a special set operator is defined and applied to filtering it. The small connected components, which are likely to be produced by impulsive noise, are eliminated after the filtering process. A fast algorithm that uses a heap data structure is also designed. Results Compared with traditional linear filters such as a Gaussian filter, this method preserves the fine structure features of the medical volume data while removing noise, and the fast algorithm developed by us reduces memory consumption and improves computing efficiency. The experimental results given illustrate the efficiency of the method and the fast algorithm. Conclusion The set operator-based method shows outstanding denoising properties in our experiment, especially for impulsive noise. The method has a wide variety of applications in the areas of volume visualization and high dimensional data processing.

  8. Correlation between Operation Result and Patient Satisfaction of Nasal Bone Fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Chang Min; Han, Dong Gil

    2017-03-01

    Many authors have evaluated the post-reduction result of nasal bone fracture through patient satisfaction or postoperative complications. However, these results are limited because they are subjective. The aim of this study was to correlate an objective operation result with patient satisfaction and postoperative complications according to the type of nasal bone fractures. Our study included 313 patients who had isolated nasal bone fractures and had undergone a closed reduction. Postoperative outcomes were evaluated objectively using computed tomographic (CT) images, while patient satisfaction was evaluated one month after the operation. The correlation of the operation result with patient satisfaction was then evaluated. The correlation between the operation result and patient satisfaction was highest for the lateral impact group type I (LI) type of fracture and lowest for the comminuted fracture group (C) type of fracture. However, there were no statistically significant differences in correlation between the overall result and patient satisfaction by fracture type. The complication rate of lateral impact group type II (LII), C, and frontal impact group type I (FI) fractures were statistically significantly higher than that of frontal impact group type II (FII) and LI fractures. There were no statistically significant relationships between the prevalence of complications and septal fracture or deviation according to the fracture type. In the total group, however, there was a statistically significant difference in complication rate by septal fracture. We found that the CT outcomes correlated with patient satisfaction. The complication rate of LII, C, and FI fractures were statistically significantly higher than that of FII and LI fractures. Septal fracture/deviation increased the postoperative complication in the total group.

  9. Accelerating the Fourier split operator method via graphics processing units

    CERN Document Server

    Bauke, Heiko

    2010-01-01

    Current generations of graphics processing units have turned into highly parallel devices with general computing capabilities. Thus, graphics processing units may be utilized, for example, to solve time dependent partial differential equations by the Fourier split operator method. In this contribution, we demonstrate that graphics processing units are capable to calculate fast Fourier transforms much more efficiently than traditional central processing units. Thus, graphics processing units render efficient implementations of the Fourier split operator method possible. Performance gains of more than an order of magnitude as compared to implementations for traditional central processing units are reached in the solution of the time dependent Schr\\"odinger equation and the time dependent Dirac equation.

  10. Fast methods for spatially correlated multilevel functional data

    KAUST Repository

    Staicu, A.-M.

    2010-01-19

    We propose a new methodological framework for the analysis of hierarchical functional data when the functions at the lowest level of the hierarchy are correlated. For small data sets, our methodology leads to a computational algorithm that is orders of magnitude more efficient than its closest competitor (seconds versus hours). For large data sets, our algorithm remains fast and has no current competitors. Thus, in contrast to published methods, we can now conduct routine simulations, leave-one-out analyses, and nonparametric bootstrap sampling. Our methods are inspired by and applied to data obtained from a state-of-the-art colon carcinogenesis scientific experiment. However, our models are general and will be relevant to many new data sets where the object of inference are functions or images that remain dependent even after conditioning on the subject on which they are measured. Supplementary materials are available at Biostatistics online.

  11. The correlation between peri-operative hyperglycemia and mortality in cardiac surgery patients: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giakoumidakis, Konstantinos; Nenekidis, Ioannis; Brokalaki, Hero

    2012-03-01

    Hyperglycemia occurs frequently in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. It has been identified as a risk factor for increased peri-operative morbidity and mortality. To review the evidence of the correlation of peri-operative hyperglycemia with mortality in cardiac surgery patients and to discuss the main results in order to provide evidence-based knowledge for the appropriate glycemic control. We searched the electronic databases MEDLINE, CINAHL and EMBASE in June 2010. The material of our study was articles published between 1 January 1990 and 31 May 2010, which investigated the correlation between peri-operative hyperglycemia and in-hospital and/or 30-day cardiac surgery mortality. Out of the 16 reviewed articles in our study, 12 (75%) significantly associated hyperglycemia and inadequate blood glucose control with increased mortality. In addition, four of the reviewed articles were controlled randomized trials and among them only one demonstrated strong correlation between poor glycemic control and mortality. No study was multi-centre and the reviewed articles were characterized by different definitions of peri-operative hyperglycemia, different intensity and duration of the applied therapy and heterogeneity of the population. It is clear that peri-operative hyperglycemia is harmful for cardiac surgery patients. The significant shortage of randomized controlled trials, the absence of multicentre studies, the different definitions of peri-operative hyperglycemia, the different intensity and duration of the applied insulin therapy protocol and the heterogeneity of the studied population (diabetics and non-diabetics) are significant limitations, which could explain the inconsistent findings of the literature. These limitations indicate the need for further research.

  12. Study of quantum correlation swapping with relative entropy methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Chuanmei; Liu, Yimin; Chen, Jianlan; Zhang, Zhanjun

    2016-02-01

    To generate long-distance shared quantum correlations (QCs) for information processing in future quantum networks, recently we proposed the concept of QC repeater and its kernel technique named QC swapping. Besides, we extensively studied the QC swapping between two simple QC resources (i.e., a pair of Werner states) with four different methods to quantify QCs (Xie et al. in Quantum Inf Process 14:653-679, 2015). In this paper, we continue to treat the same issue by employing other three different methods associated with relative entropies, i.e., the MPSVW method (Modi et al. in Phys Rev Lett 104:080501, 2010), the Zhang method (arXiv:1011.4333 [quant-ph]) and the RS method (Rulli and Sarandy in Phys Rev A 84:042109, 2011). We first derive analytic expressions of all QCs which occur during the swapping process and then reveal their properties about monotonicity and threshold. Importantly, we find that a long-distance shared QC can be generated from two short-distance ones via QC swapping indeed. In addition, we simply compare our present results with our previous ones.

  13. Explicitly Correlated Methods within the ccCA Methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahler, Andrew; Wilson, Angela K

    2013-03-12

    The prediction of energetic properties within "chemical accuracy" (1 kcal mol(-1) from well-established experiment) can be a major challenge in computational quantum chemistry due to the computational requirements (computer time, memory, and disk space) needed to achieve this level of accuracy. Methodologies such as coupled cluster with single, double, and perturbative triple excitations (CCSD(T)) combined with very large basis sets are often required to reach this level of accuracy. Unfortunately, such calculations quickly become cost prohibitive as system size increases. Our group has developed an ab initio composite method, the correlation consistent Composite Approach (ccCA), which enables such accuracy to be possible, on average, but at reduced computational cost as compared with CCSD(T) in combination with a large basis set. While ccCA has proven quite useful, computational bottlenecks still occur. In this study, the means to reduce the computational cost of ccCA without compromising accuracy by utilizing explicitly correlated methods within ccCA have been considered, and an alternative formulation is described.

  14. An operational modal analysis method in frequency and spatial domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tong; Zhang, Lingmi; Tamura, Yukio

    2005-12-01

    A frequency and spatial domain decomposition method (FSDD) for operational modal analysis (OMA) is presented in this paper, which is an extension of the complex mode indicator function (CMIF) method for experimental modal analysis (EMA). The theoretical background of the FSDD method is clarified. Singular value decomposition is adopted to separate the signal space from the noise space. Finally, an enhanced power spectrum density (PSD) is proposed to obtain more accurate modal parameters by curve fitting in the frequency domain. Moreover, a simulation case and an application case are used to validate this method.

  15. An operational modal analysis method in frequency and spatial domain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Tong; Zhang Lingmi; Tamura Yukio

    2005-01-01

    A frequency and spatial domain decomposition method (FSDD) for operational modal analysis (OMA) is presented in this paper, which is an extension of the complex mode indicator function (CMIF) method for experimental modal analysis (EMA). The theoretical background of the FSDD method is clarified. Singular value decomposition is adopted to separate the signal space from the noise space. Finally, an enhanced power spectrum density (PSD) is proposed to obtain more accurate modal parameters by curve fitting in the frequency domain. Moreover, a simulation case and an application case are used to validate this method.

  16. Microscopic correlations for non-Hermitian Dirac operators in three-dimensional QCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akemann, G.

    2001-12-01

    In the presence of a nonvanishing chemical potential the eigenvalues of the Dirac operator become complex. We calculate spectral correlation functions of complex eigenvalues using a random matrix model approach. Our results apply to non-Hermitian Dirac operators in three-dimensional QCD with broken flavor symmetry and in four-dimensional QCD in the bulk of the spectrum. The derivation follows earlier results of Fyodorov, Khoruzhenko, and Sommers for complex spectra exploiting the existence of orthogonal polynomials in the complex plane. Explicit analytic expressions are given for all microscopic k-point correlation functions in the presence of an arbitrary even number of massive quarks, both in the limit of strong and weak non-Hermiticity. In the latter case the parameter governing the non-Hermiticity of the Dirac matrices is identified with the influence of the chemical potential.

  17. Microscopic correlations of non-Hermitian Dirac operators in three-dimensional QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Akemann, G

    2001-01-01

    In the presence of a non-vanishing chemical potential the eigenvalues of the Dirac operator become complex. We calculate spectral correlation functions of complex eigenvalues using a random matrix model approach. Our results apply to non-Hermitian Dirac operators in three-dimensional QCD with broken flavor symmetry and in four-dimensional QCD in the bulk of the spectrum. The derivation follows earlier results of Fyodorov, Khoruzhenko and Sommers for complex spectra exploiting the existence of orthogonal polynomials in the complex plane. Explicit analytic expressions are given for all microscopic k-point correlation functions in the presence of an arbitrary even number of massive quarks, both in the limit of strong and weak non-Hermiticity. In the latter case the parameter governing the non-Hermiticity of the Dirac matrices is identified with the influence of the chemical potential.

  18. Bacteriological comparison of low anal fistula operated by ordinary methods and laser methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yuanrong; Xiong, Yigai

    1996-09-01

    Since 1989, 42 cases with low anal fistula were operated with laser and ordinary methods respectively. During the operation, secreted or charred tissues were extracted from the surface of the wound for bacteria culture. Experimental group (laser method): no bacteria were found in 24 cases operated by laser method. Control group (ordinary method): bacterial were found in 16 out of 18 cases operated by ordinary methods. The results of two different group showed that they had statistical difference for P anal fistula were operated by the laser, the neurotic carboatomic tissue can block blood vessel and prevent infection from spreading. The high temperature produced by the carboatomic action have enough ability to kill directly the bacteria living in the anal fistula.

  19. An estimation method of the fault wind turbine power generation loss based on correlation analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tao; Zhu, Shourang; Wang, Wei

    2017-01-01

    A method for estimating the power generation loss of a fault wind turbine is proposed in this paper. In this method, the wind speed is estimated and the estimated value of the loss of power generation is given by combining the actual output power characteristic curve of the wind turbine. In the wind speed estimation, the correlation analysis is used, and the normal operation of the wind speed of the fault wind turbine is selected, and the regression analysis method is used to obtain the estimated value of the wind speed. Based on the estimation method, this paper presents an implementation of the method in the monitoring system of the wind turbine, and verifies the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  20. Evaluation method for the proficiency level of an operating myoelectric hand using EMG signals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kita, Kahori; Kato, Ryu; Yokoi, Hiroshi

    2010-01-01

    To evaluate the proficiency level of an operating myoelectric hand, we proposed an evaluation index consisting of the accuracy and the reproducibility of electromyography (EMG) signal patterns. Our proposed method is not an absolute evaluation because we use bio-signals, so it is necessary to verify the correlation between the proposed index and performance evaluation to confirm the usefulness of the index. Therefore, we conducted classification tests on eight forearm motions and verified the correlation between the proposed method and the classification rate. There was a strong correlation between the accuracy and the classification rate. In addition, if the accuracy was high, high reproducibility led to an increase in the classification rate. We conclude that the proposed method can evaluate the proficiency level of a myoelectric hand.

  1. Transforming han: a correlational method for psychology and religion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Whachul

    2015-06-01

    Han is a destructive feeling in Korea. Although Korea accomplished significant exterior growth, Korean society is still experiencing the dark aspects of transforming han as evidenced by having the highest suicide rate in Asia. Some reasons for this may be the fragmentation between North and South Korea. If we can transform han then it can become constructive. I was challenged to think of possibilities for transforming han internally; this brings me to the correlational method through psychological and religious interpretation. This study is to challenge and encourage many han-ridden people in Korean society. Through the psychological and religious understanding of han, people suffering can positively transform their han. They can relate to han more subjectively, and this means the han-ridden psyche has an innate sacredness of potential to transform.

  2. Hybrid star structure with the Field Correlator Method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burgio, G.F.; Zappala, D. [INFN, Catania (Italy)

    2016-03-15

    We explore the relevance of the color-flavor locking phase in the equation of state (EoS) built with the Field Correlator Method (FCM) for the description of the quark matter core of hybrid stars. For the hadronic phase, we use the microscopic Brueckner-Hartree-Fock (BHF) many-body theory, and its relativistic counterpart, i.e. the Dirac-Brueckner (DBHF). We find that the main features of the phase transition are directly related to the values of the quark-antiquark potential V{sub 1}, the gluon condensate G{sub 2} and the color-flavor superconducting gap Δ. We confirm that the mapping between the FCM and the CSS (constant speed of sound) parameterization holds true even in the case of paired quark matter. The inclusion of hyperons in the hadronic phase and its effect on the mass-radius relation of hybrid stars is also investigated. (orig.)

  3. Trajectory Generation Method with Convolution Operation on Velocity Profile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Geon [Hanyang Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Doik [Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-03-15

    The use of robots is no longer limited to the field of industrial robots and is now expanding into the fields of service and medical robots. In this light, a trajectory generation method that can respond instantaneously to the external environment is strongly required. Toward this end, this study proposes a method that enables a robot to change its trajectory in real-time using a convolution operation. The proposed method generates a trajectory in real time and satisfies the physical limits of the robot system such as acceleration and velocity limit. Moreover, a new way to improve the previous method, which generates inefficient trajectories in some cases owing to the characteristics of the trapezoidal shape of trajectories, is proposed by introducing a triangle shape. The validity and effectiveness of the proposed method is shown through a numerical simulation and a comparison with the previous convolution method.

  4. MANGO – Modal Analysis for Grid Operation: A Method for Damping Improvement through Operating Point Adjustment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, Zhenyu; Zhou, Ning; Tuffner, Francis K.; Chen, Yousu; Trudnowski, Daniel J.; Diao, Ruisheng; Fuller, Jason C.; Mittelstadt, William A.; Hauer, John F.; Dagle, Jeffery E.

    2010-10-18

    Small signal stability problems are one of the major threats to grid stability and reliability in the U.S. power grid. An undamped mode can cause large-amplitude oscillations and may result in system breakups and large-scale blackouts. There have been several incidents of system-wide oscillations. Of those incidents, the most notable is the August 10, 1996 western system breakup, a result of undamped system-wide oscillations. Significant efforts have been devoted to monitoring system oscillatory behaviors from measurements in the past 20 years. The deployment of phasor measurement units (PMU) provides high-precision, time-synchronized data needed for detecting oscillation modes. Measurement-based modal analysis, also known as ModeMeter, uses real-time phasor measurements to identify system oscillation modes and their damping. Low damping indicates potential system stability issues. Modal analysis has been demonstrated with phasor measurements to have the capability of estimating system modes from both oscillation signals and ambient data. With more and more phasor measurements available and ModeMeter techniques maturing, there is yet a need for methods to bring modal analysis from monitoring to actions. The methods should be able to associate low damping with grid operating conditions, so operators or automated operation schemes can respond when low damping is observed. The work presented in this report aims to develop such a method and establish a Modal Analysis for Grid Operation (MANGO) procedure to aid grid operation decision making to increase inter-area modal damping. The procedure can provide operation suggestions (such as increasing generation or decreasing load) for mitigating inter-area oscillations.

  5. Holistic Evaluation of Lightweight Operating Systems using the PERCU Method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kramer, William T.C.; He, Yun (Helen); Carter, Jonathan; Glenski, Joseph; Rippe, Lynn; Cardo, Nicholas

    2008-05-01

    The scale of Leadership Class Systems presents unique challenges to the features and performance of operating system services. This paper reports results of comprehensive evaluations of two Light Weight Operating Systems (LWOS), Cray's Catamount Virtual Node (CVN) and Linux Environment (CLE) operating systems, on the exact same large-scale hardware. The evaluation was carried out over a 5-month period on NERSC's 19,480 core Cray XT-4, Franklin, using a comprehensive evaluation method that spans Performance, Effectiveness, Reliability, Consistency and Usability criteria for all major subsystems and features. The paper presents the results of the comparison between CVN and CLE, evaluates their relative strengths, and reports observations regarding the world's largest Cray XT-4 as well.

  6. Intensity and phase noise correlations in a dual-frequency VECSEL operating at telecom wavelength

    CERN Document Server

    De, Syamsundar; Bouchoule, Sophie; Alouini, Mehdi; Bretenaker, Fabien

    2015-01-01

    The amplitude and phase noises of a dual-frequency vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser (DF-VECSEL) operating at telecom wavelength are theoretically and experimentally investigated in detail. In particular, the spectral behavior of the correlation between the intensity noises of the two modes of the DF-VECSEL is measured. Moreover, the correlation between the phase noise of the radio-frequency (RF) beatnote generated by optical mixing of the two laser modes with the intensity noises of the two modes is investigated. All these spectral behaviors of noise correlations are analyzed for two different values of the nonlinear coupling between the laser modes. We find that to describe the spectral behavior of noise correlations between the laser modes, it is of utmost importance to have a precise knowledge about the spectral behavior of the pump noise, which is the dominant source of noise in the frequency range of our interest (10 kHz to 35 MHz). Moreover, it is found that the noise correlation also dep...

  7. Migration Correlation: Estimation Method and Application to French Corporates Ratings

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra FOULCHER; Gourieroux, Christian; Tiomo, André

    2006-01-01

    One major topic in empirical studies on Finance is the correlation of default risk. Correlation is a main driver for credit risk on a credit portfolio and for bank's capital requirement under the Basel II Accord. However, empirical evidence on the magnitude of correlation is rather scarce, mainly due to data limitation. First, the aim of this paper is to clarify the notion of correlation which depends on the underlying distributions and variables of interest. We suggest a general framework in...

  8. Article separation apparatus and method for unit operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardini, Allan F.; Gervais, Kevin L.; Mathews, Royce A.; Hockey, Ronald L.

    2010-06-22

    An apparatus and method are disclosed for separating articles from a group of articles. The apparatus includes a container for containing one or more articles coupled to a suitable fluidizer for suspending articles within the container and transporting articles to an induction tube. A portal in the induction tube introduces articles singly into the induction tube. A vacuum pulls articles through the induction tube separating the articles from the group of articles in the container. The apparatus and method can be combined with one or more unit operations or modules, e.g., for inspecting articles, assessing quality of articles, or ascertaining material properties and/or parameters of articles, including layers thereof.

  9. Operational method for the particle slowing-down problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    El Wakil, S.A.; Machali, H.M.; Madkour, M.; Saied, E.A.

    1987-01-01

    The direct operational method is used to transform the collision integral in the transport equation to a polynomial in derivatives with respect to lethargy. This polynomial is approximated by the Pade approximation technique. Different orders of the Pade approximation give the well-known synthetic kernel. This procedure reduces the integro-differential form of the transport equation to differential form. It also gives us the chance to consider the energy-dependent cross-section and to obtain the solution without using the integral transform method. We shall consider here the solution for an infinite homogeneous medium and calculate the energy deposition factor for different orders of the Pade approximation.

  10. Light vector correlator in medium: Wilson coefficients up to dimension 6 operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, HyungJoo; Gubler, Philipp; Lee, Su Houng

    2017-09-01

    As an improvement of the QCD sum rule method to study modifications of light vector mesons in nuclear matter and/or at finite temperature, we calculate the Wilson coefficients of all independent gluonic non-scalar operators up to dimension 6 in the operator product expansion (OPE) of the vector channel for light quarks. To obtain the gluon part of the light quark OPE from the heavy quark one, we also compute the heavy quark expansion of the relevant quark condensates. Together with the results for the quark operators that are already available in the literature, this completes the OPE of the vector channel in a hot or dense medium for operators up to dimension 6.

  11. A wavelet-based method to discriminate internal faults from inrush currents using correlation coefficient

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vahidi, B.; Ghaffarzadeh, N.; Hosseinian, S.H. [Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran)

    2010-09-15

    In this paper a new method based on discrete wavelet transform and correlation coefficient is presented for digital differential protection. The algorithm includes offline and online operations. In offline operation, discrete wavelet transform is used to decompose typical three-phase differential currents for inrush current. Then an index is defined and computed. The index is based on the sum of the energy of detail coefficients at level 5 of three-phase differential currents at each half cycle. The online operation consists of capturing the three-phase differential currents using 10 kHz sampling rate, decomposing it by db1. Finally, the inrush current and internal fault is detected based on correlation coefficients of the computed index of pre-stored typical inrush current and a recorded indistinct signal. The effectiveness of the approach is tested using numerous inrush and internal fault currents. Simulations are used to confirm the aptness and the capability of the proposed method to discriminate inrush current from internal fault. (author)

  12. Some Induced Correlated Aggregating Operators with Interval Grey Uncertain Linguistic Information and Their Application to Multiple Attribute Group Decision Making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zu-Jun Ma

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose the interval grey uncertain linguistic correlated ordered arithmetic averaging (IGULCOA operator and the induced interval grey uncertain linguistic correlated ordered arithmetic averaging (I-IGULCOA operator based on the correlation properties of the Choquet integral and the interval grey uncertain linguistic variables to investigate the multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM problems, in which both the attribute weights and the expert weights are correlative. Firstly, the relative concepts of interval grey uncertain linguistic variables are defined and the operation rules between the two interval grey uncertain linguistic variables are established. Then, two new aggregation operators: the interval grey uncertain linguistic correlated ordered arithmetic averaging (IGULCOA operator and the induced interval grey uncertain linguistic correlated ordered arithmetic averaging (I-IGULCOA operator are developed and some desirable properties of the I-IGULCOA operator are studied, such as commutativity, idempotency, monotonicity, and boundness. Furthermore, the IGULCOA and I-IGULCOA operators based approach is developed to solve the MAGDM problems, in which both the attribute weights and the expert weights are correlative and the attribute values take the form of the interval grey uncertain linguistic variables. Finally, an illustrative example is given to verify the developed approach and to demonstrate its practicality and effectiveness.

  13. Renormalization of domain-wall bilinear operators with short-distance current correlators

    CERN Document Server

    Tomii, M; Fahy, B; Fukaya, H; Hashimoto, S; Kaneko, T; Noaki, J

    2016-01-01

    We determine the renormalization constants for flavor non-singlet fermion bilinear operators of M\\"obius domain-wall fermions. The renormalization condition is imposed on the correlation functions in the coordinate space, such that the non-perturbative lattice calculation reproduces the perturbatively calculated counterpart at short distances. The perturbative expansion is precise as the coefficients are available up to $O(\\alpha_s^4)$. We employ $2+1$-flavor lattice ensembles at three lattice spacings in the range 0.044--0.080~fm.

  14. Applications of Digital Correlation Method to Structure Inspection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Junda; JIN Guanchang; MENG Libo

    2007-01-01

    In structure inspections, applications of optical techniques are rare, but the advantages of a noncontact, full field technique using a simple apparatus are attractive. The main requirements for structure inspection are the full-field strain measurement with the required precision and on-site measurement ability.The digital correlation method (DCM), a new optical deformation measurement tool, can satisfy all of the requirements for structure inspection. A smoothing algorithm which can greatly improve the strain measurement precision, and a 3-D DCM have been developed in this paper. For verifying this improvement, a comparison of strain measurements by computer-simulated speckle images has been carried out. Additionally,three structure inspection examples that cover typical materials and structure styles are presented: the interface shear stress distribution for reinforced concrete piles bedded on rock, the 3-D strain distribution of a composite vessel structure, and stresses in a hookup that connects two steel bridge structures. All the examples show that the new structural inspection tool is exemplary and illustrates the obvious advantages of this optical non-destructive technique.

  15. Generalized Method for Sampling Spatially Correlated Heterogeneous Speckled Imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro C. Frery

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a general result for the simulation of correlated heterogeneous targets, which are present in images corrupted by speckle noise. This technique is based on the use of a correlation mask and Gaussian random variables, in order to obtain spatially dependent Gamma deviates. These Gamma random variables, in turn, allow the obtainment of correlated 𝒦 deviates with specified correlation structure. The theoretical properties of the procedure are presented, along with the corresponding algorithm.

  16. Method and apparatus for operating an improved thermocline storage unit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copeland, Robert J.

    1985-01-01

    A method and apparatus for operating a thermocline storage unit in which an insulated barrier member is provided substantially at the interface region between the hot and cold liquids in the storage tank. The barrier member physically and thermally separates the hot and cold liquids substantially preventing any diffusing or mixing between them and substantially preventing any heat transfer therebetween. The barrier member follows the rise and fall of the interface region between the liquids as the tank is charged and discharged. Two methods of maintaining it in the interface region are disclosed. With the structure and operation of the present invention and in particular the significant reduction in diffusing or mixing between the hot and cold liquids as well as the significant reduction in the thermal heat transfer between them, the performance of the storage tank is improved. More specifically, the stability of the interface region or thermocline is enhanced and the thickness of the thermocline is reduced producing a corresponding increase in the steepness of the temperature gradient across the thermocline and a more efficiently operating thermocline storage unit.

  17. Automated liquid operation method for microfluidic heterogeneous immunoassay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Hui; Pan, Jian-Zhang; Shi, Xiao-Tong; Fang, Qun

    2013-02-15

    In this work, an automated liquid operation method for multistep heterogeneous immunoassay toward point of care testing (POCT) was proposed. A miniaturized peristaltic pump was developed to control the flow direction, flow time and flow rate in the microliter range according to a program. The peristaltic pump has the advantages of simple structure, small size, low cost, and easy to build and use. By coupling the peristaltic pump with an antibody-coated capillary and a reagent-preloaded cartridge, the complicated liquid handling operation for heterogeneous immunoassay, including sample metering and introduction, multistep reagent introduction and rinsing, could be triggered by an action and accomplished automatically in 12 min. The analytical performance of the present immunoassay system was demonstrated in the measurement of human IgG with fluorescence detection. A detection limit of 0.68 μg/mL IgG and a dynamic range of 2-300 μg/mL were obtained.

  18. Advanced cluster methods for correlated-electron systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, Andre

    2015-04-27

    In this thesis, quantum cluster methods are used to calculate electronic properties of correlated-electron systems. A special focus lies in the determination of the ground state properties of a 3/4 filled triangular lattice within the one-band Hubbard model. At this filling, the electronic density of states exhibits a so-called van Hove singularity and the Fermi surface becomes perfectly nested, causing an instability towards a variety of spin-density-wave (SDW) and superconducting states. While chiral d+id-wave superconductivity has been proposed as the ground state in the weak coupling limit, the situation towards strong interactions is unclear. Additionally, quantum cluster methods are used here to investigate the interplay of Coulomb interactions and symmetry-breaking mechanisms within the nematic phase of iron-pnictide superconductors. The transition from a tetragonal to an orthorhombic phase is accompanied by a significant change in electronic properties, while long-range magnetic order is not established yet. The driving force of this transition may not only be phonons but also magnetic or orbital fluctuations. The signatures of these scenarios are studied with quantum cluster methods to identify the most important effects. Here, cluster perturbation theory (CPT) and its variational extention, the variational cluster approach (VCA) are used to treat the respective systems on a level beyond mean-field theory. Short-range correlations are incorporated numerically exactly by exact diagonalization (ED). In the VCA, long-range interactions are included by variational optimization of a fictitious symmetry-breaking field based on a self-energy functional approach. Due to limitations of ED, cluster sizes are limited to a small number of degrees of freedom. For the 3/4 filled triangular lattice, the VCA is performed for different cluster symmetries. A strong symmetry dependence and finite-size effects make a comparison of the results from different clusters difficult

  19. Research progress of operational transfer path analysis method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yingying LU

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Firstly, the basic principles, the advantages, the disadvantages and the engineering applications of the conventional TPA, OTPA, OPAX and mixed TPA in recent years are comprehensively analyzed. Meanwhile, the potential applications of power flow in the TPA field are especially discussed. Secondly, focused on the OTPA method, an acoustic transfer path system by spherical radiation transfer path simulation system and a vibration transfer path experiment system by a rectangular plate vibrator excitation are designed considering the effects of the distance from reference points. The results show that the relative error between the OTPA values and the theoretical values as well as the experimental values is less than 5% and 8% respectively. At the same time, OTPA is sensitive to noise. When the noise is lower, the nearer reference points can improve the precision of OTPA method. Therefore, it is needed to arrange sensors and design operating conditions reasonably. Finally, the development trend of TPA method is presented.

  20. Set Correlation as a General Multivariate Data-Analytic Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Jacob

    1982-01-01

    Set correlation is a multivariate generalization of multiple regression/correlation analysis that features the employment of overall measures of association interpretable as proportions of variance and the use of set-partialled sets of variables. The statistical development of the theory and several examples are presented. (Author/JKS)

  1. MULTI - DETECTOR COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY AND INTRA - OPERATIVE CORRELATION IN BLUNT ABDOMINAL TRAUMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakesh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : With the change in the pace of life fast , faster , fastest being the motto of the present day , the incidence of trauma and the associated mortality and morbidities is on a continuous rise.Imaging plays a very important role in the management of these injuries in deciding which injuries , in trauma the final verdict of organ injury in abdomen is intra - ope rative findings. AIMS : In view of the above said we considered to study to determine diagnostic accuracy of MDCT (Multi - Detector Computed Tomography in detection of intra - abdominal solid organ injury in blunt abdominal trauma and to highlight the importance of MDCT in evaluation of blunt abdominal trauma. METHODS AND MATERIALS : This was a prospective study done between over a period of 2 years from between January 2011 to February 2013 on patients who presented with blun t abdominal trauma after excluding patients who were managed conservatively and normal on imaging , the data we compared had 32 patients and the analysis was as follows. RESULTS : Blunt abdominal trauma was common in males , the male to female ratio was 9:1 , road traffic accident is the most common mode of injury in blunt abdominal trauma with 60% of the patients in this mode of injury , single organ injury is 22 patients (76% spleen is the most commonly injured organ 15(47% patients having splenic injury , wi th grade 3 being the commonest splenic injury 8 out of the 15 patients had splenic injury bowel injury was the second common organ injured in blunt trauma abdomen. In this study computed tomography grading correlated well with intra - operative grading with a PPV of= 95.45 % (95% ci: 84.50 % to 99.31 % Asensitivityof 76.36 % (95% ci: 62.98 % to 86.76 % . CONCLUSION : Computed tomography is an important imaging technique for diagnosis of organ injuries in patients with abdominal trauma. It helps in grading of the type of injury and accordingly deciding the management of patient. It is a highly

  2. Rough Precipitation Forecasts based on Analogue Method: an Operational System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raffa, Mario; Mercogliano, Paola; Lacressonnière, Gwendoline; Guillaume, Bruno; Deandreis, Céline; Castanier, Pierre

    2017-04-01

    In the framework of the Climate KIC partnership, has been funded the project Wat-Ener-Cast (WEC), coordinated by ARIA Technologies, having the goal to adapt, through tailored weather-related forecast, the water and energy operations to the increased weather fluctuation and to climate change. The WEC products allow providing high quality forecast suited in risk and opportunities assessment dashboard for water and energy operational decisions and addressing the needs of sewage/water distribution operators, energy transport & distribution system operators, energy manager and wind energy producers. A common "energy water" web platform, able to interface with newest smart water-energy IT network have been developed. The main benefit by sharing resources through the "WEC platform" is the possibility to optimize the cost and the procedures of safety and maintenance team, in case of alerts and, finally to reduce overflows. Among the different services implemented on the WEC platform, ARIA have developed a product having the goal to support sewage/water distribution operators, based on a gradual forecast information system ( at 48hrs/24hrs/12hrs horizons) of heavy precipitation. For each fixed deadline different type of operation are implemented: 1) 48hour horizon, organisation of "on call team", 2) 24 hour horizon, update and confirm the "on call team", 3) 12 hour horizon, secure human resources and equipment (emptying storage basins, pipes manipulations …). More specifically CMCC have provided a statistical downscaling method in order to provide a "rough" daily local precipitation at 24 hours, especially when high precipitation values are expected. This statistical technique consists of an adaptation of analogue method based on ECMWF data (analysis and forecast at 24 hours). One of the most advantages of this technique concerns a lower computational burden and budget compared to running a Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) model, also if, of course it provides only this

  3. Planning of operation & maintenance using risk and reliability based methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Florian, Mihai; Sørensen, John Dalsgaard

    2015-01-01

    Operation and maintenance (OM) of offshore wind turbines contributes with a substantial part of the total levelized cost of energy (LCOE). The objective of this paper is to present an application of risk- and reliability-based methods for planning of OM. The theoretical basis is presented...... and illustrated by an example, namely for planning of inspections and maintenance of wind turbine blades. A life-cycle approach is used where the total expected cost in the remaining lifetime is minimized. This maintenance plan is continuously updated during the lifetime using information from previous...... inspections and from condition monitoring with time intervals between inspections and maintenance / repair options as the decision parameters....

  4. Geometric measures of quantum correlations: characterization, quantification, and comparison by distances and operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roga, W.; Spehner, D.; Illuminati, F.

    2016-06-01

    We investigate and compare three distinguished geometric measures of bipartite quantum correlations that have been recently introduced in the literature: the geometric discord, the measurement-induced geometric discord, and the discord of response, each one defined according to three contractive distances on the set of quantum states, namely the trace, Bures, and Hellinger distances. We establish a set of exact algebraic relations and inequalities between the different measures. In particular, we show that the geometric discord and the discord of response based on the Hellinger distance are easy to compute analytically for all quantum states whenever the reference subsystem is a qubit. These two measures thus provide the first instance of discords that are simultaneously fully computable, reliable (since they satisfy all the basic Axioms that must be obeyed by a proper measure of quantum correlations), and operationally viable (in terms of state distinguishability). We apply the general mathematical structure to determine the closest classical-quantum state of a given state and the maximally quantum-correlated states at fixed global state purity according to the different distances, as well as a necessary condition for a channel to be quantumness breaking.

  5. Increasing the computational efficient of digital cross correlation by a vectorization method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ching-Yuan; Ma, Chien-Ching

    2017-08-01

    This study presents a vectorization method for use in MATLAB programming aimed at increasing the computational efficiency of digital cross correlation in sound and images, resulting in a speedup of 6.387 and 36.044 times compared with performance values obtained from looped expression. This work bridges the gap between matrix operations and loop iteration, preserving flexibility and efficiency in program testing. This paper uses numerical simulation to verify the speedup of the proposed vectorization method as well as experiments to measure the quantitative transient displacement response subjected to dynamic impact loading. The experiment involved the use of a high speed camera as well as a fiber optic system to measure the transient displacement in a cantilever beam under impact from a steel ball. Experimental measurement data obtained from the two methods are in excellent agreement in both the time and frequency domain, with discrepancies of only 0.68%. Numerical and experiment results demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed vectorization method with regard to computational speed in signal processing and high precision in the correlation algorithm. We also present the source code with which to build MATLAB-executable functions on Windows as well as Linux platforms, and provide a series of examples to demonstrate the application of the proposed vectorization method.

  6. The comparison of placental removal methods on operative blood loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waqar, Fareesa; Nasar, Razia; Fawad, Anisa

    2008-01-01

    On an average 1 litre of blood is lost during Caesarean Section. Many variable techniques have been tried to reduce this blood loss. Many study trials have shown the spontaneous delivery of placenta method to be superior over manual method because of reduced intra operative blood loss and reduced incidence of post operative endometritis. The main objective of our study was to compare the risk of blood loss associated with spontaneous and manual removal of the placenta during caesarean section. Quasi Experimental. SETTING AND DURATION OF STUDY: September 2004 to September 2005, a 13 months study at Islamic International Medical Complex Islamabad. This study was conducted at Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Islamic International Medical Complex, Islamabad from September 2004 to September 2005. All Women undergoing elective or emergency caesarean section were included in the study. Exclusion criteria were pregnancy below 37 weeks, severe maternal anaemia, and prolonged rupture of the membranes with fever, placenta praevia, placenta accreta and clotting disorders. Patients were allocated to the two groups randomly. Group A comprised of women in whom the obstetrician waited a maximum of 5 minutes till the placenta delivered spontaneously. In group B the obstetrician manually cleaved out the placenta as soon as the infant was delivered. The primary outcome measures noted were difference in haemoglobin of >2 gm/dl (preoperatively and postoperatively), time interval between delivery of baby and placenta, significant blood loss (>1000 cc), additional use of oxytocics, total operating time and blood transfusions. Data was analysed by SPSS. Statistical tests used for specific comparison were chi2-test and Student's t-test. One hundred and forty-five patients were allocated to two groups randomly. Seventy-eight patients were allocated to group A and 67 patients allocated to group B. Mean maternal age, birth weight, and total operating time were the same in two groups

  7. A nonintrusive method for measuring the operating temperature of a solenoid-operated valve

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kryter, Robert C.

    Experimental data are presented to show that the in-service operating temperature of a solenoid operated valve (SOV) can be inferred simply and nondisruptively by using the copper winding of the solenoid coil as a self-indicating, permanently available resistance thermometer. The principal merits of this approach include: (1) there is no need for an add-on temperature sensor, (2) the true temperature of a critical and likely the hottest, part of the SOV (namely, the electrical coil) is measured directly, (3) temperature readout can be provided at any location at which the SOV electrical lead wires are accessible (even though remote from the valve), (4) the SOV need not be disturbed (whether normally energized or deenergized) to measure its temperature in situ, and (5) the method is applicable to all types of SOVs, large and small, ac- and dc-powered. Laboratory tests comparing temperatures measured both by coil resistance and by a conventional thermometer placed in contact with the external surface of the potted solenoid coil indicate that temperature within the coil may be on the order of 40 C higher than that measured externally, a fact that is important to life-expectancy calculations made on the basis of Arrhenius theory. Field practicality is illustrated with temperature measurements made using this method on a SOV controlling the flow of refrigerant in a large chilled-water air-conditioning system.

  8. PHREATOPHYTE WATER USE ESTIMATED BY EDDY-CORRELATION METHODS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, H.L.; Weeks, E.P.; Campbell, G.S.; Stannard, D.I.; Tanner, B.D.

    1986-01-01

    Water-use was estimated for three phreatophyte communities: a saltcedar community and an alkali-Sacaton grass community in New Mexico, and a greasewood rabbit-brush-saltgrass community in Colorado. These water-use estimates were calculated from eddy-correlation measurements using three different analyses, since the direct eddy-correlation measurements did not satisfy a surface energy balance. The analysis that seems to be most accurate indicated the saltcedar community used from 58 to 87 cm (23 to 34 in. ) of water each year. The other two communities used about two-thirds this quantity.

  9. Correlational and Differential Influence of Historical Cost and Current Cost Profits on the Operating Capabilities of the Firm

    OpenAIRE

    S. A. Effiong; J. O. Udoayang; A. I. Asuquo

    2011-01-01

    The study investigated the correlation and differential influence of historical cost and current cost profits on the operating capabilities of the firm. The financial statements of thirty-one Nigerian Companies were surveyed and adjusted for effects of price changes using the Consumers¡¯ Price Index (CPI). Correlation influence between the historical cost profits on the operating ability of the firm was measured and established on one hand and that of current cost profit on the other hand. Di...

  10. Eigenvalues of singular differential operators by finite difference methods. I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baxley, J. V.

    1972-01-01

    Approximation of the eigenvalues of certain self-adjoint operators defined by a formal differential operator in a Hilbert space. In general, two problems are studied. The first is the problem of defining a suitable Hilbert space operator that has eigenvalues. The second problem concerns the finite difference operators to be used.

  11. Spectral methods and cluster structure in correlation-based networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heimo, Tapio; Tibély, Gergely; Saramäki, Jari; Kaski, Kimmo; Kertész, János

    2008-10-01

    We investigate how in complex systems the eigenpairs of the matrices derived from the correlations of multichannel observations reflect the cluster structure of the underlying networks. For this we use daily return data from the NYSE and focus specifically on the spectral properties of weight W=|-δ and diffusion matrices D=W/sj-δ, where C is the correlation matrix and si=∑jW the strength of node j. The eigenvalues (and corresponding eigenvectors) of the weight matrix are ranked in descending order. As in the earlier observations, the first eigenvector stands for a measure of the market correlations. Its components are, to first approximation, equal to the strengths of the nodes and there is a second order, roughly linear, correction. The high ranking eigenvectors, excluding the highest ranking one, are usually assigned to market sectors and industrial branches. Our study shows that both for weight and diffusion matrices the eigenpair analysis is not capable of easily deducing the cluster structure of the network without a priori knowledge. In addition we have studied the clustering of stocks using the asset graph approach with and without spectrum based noise filtering. It turns out that asset graphs are quite insensitive to noise and there is no sharp percolation transition as a function of the ratio of bonds included, thus no natural threshold value for that ratio seems to exist. We suggest that these observations can be of use for other correlation based networks as well.

  12. Uncertainty Analysis of Method-Based Operating Event Groups Ranking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdenko Šimić

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Safe operation and industrial improvements are coming from the technology development and operational experience (OE feedback. A long life span for many industrial facilities makes OE very important. Proper assessment and understanding of OE remains a challenge because of organization system relations, complexity, and number of OE events acquired. One way to improve OE events understanding is to focus their investigation and analyze in detail the most important. The OE ranking method is developed to select the most important events based on the basic event parameters and the analytical hierarchy process applied at the level of event groups. This paper investigates further how uncertainty in the model affects ranking results. An analysis was performed on the set of the two databases from the 20 years of nuclear power plants in France and Germany. From all uncertainties the presented analysis selected ranking indexes as the most relevant for consideration. Here the presented analysis of uncertainty clearly shows that considering uncertainty is important for all results, especially for event groups ranked closely and next to the most important one. Together with the previously performed sensitivity analysis, uncertainty assessment provides additional insights and a better judgment of the event groups’ importance in further detailed investigation.

  13. Planning Pharmacies: An Operational Method to Find the Best Location

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Tondelli

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The theme of the spatial distribution of the pharmacies on the territory is closely connected to urban planning and to services supply. In Italy, the regulatory change that took place in 2012, triggered partly by the need to adhere more to a constantly changing economic system, has led to a revision of the existing situation, consisting both on the method to quantify the pharmacies distribution and on the efficiency of the service. If Law 27/2012 has effectively allowed municipalities to increase the number of pharmacies that they can settle on the municipal territory, it has also started a process of rethinking the logic of pharmacies location and of their catchment areas. In this framework, the present paper aims to discuss the merits of a regulatory evolutions that sparked the process of liberalization of locations, integrating the law guidelines and goals with an operating logic process, usable and useful to translate goals into planning actions in a continuous dialogue between law and territory, constraints and opportunities, equity and accessibility of the care services. Following this logic operations, we have investigated the urban context of Castelfranco Emilia, assuming the location of new offices on the basis of pharmaceutical analyzes.

  14. Correlators of left charges and weak operators in finite volume chiral perturbation theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández, Pilar; Laine, Mikko

    2003-01-01

    We compute the two-point correlator between left-handed flavour charges, and the three-point correlator between two left-handed charges and one strangeness violating DeltaI = 3/2 weak operator, at next-to-leading order in finite volume SU(3)L × SU(3)R chiral perturbation theory, in the so-called epsilon-regime. Matching these results with the corresponding lattice measurements would in principle allow to extract the pion decay constant F, and the effective chiral theory parameter g27, which determines the Delta I = 3/2 amplitude of the weak decays K to pipi as well as the kaon mixing parameter BK in the chiral limit. We repeat the calculations in the replica formulation of quenched chiral perturbation theory, finding only mild modifications. In particular, a properly chosen ratio of the three-point and two-point functions is shown to be identical in the full and quenched theories at this order.

  15. A method of extracting operating parameters of a quantum circuit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sete, Eyob A.; Block, Maxwell; Scheer, Michael; Zanoci, Cris; Vahidpour, Mehrnoosh; Thompson, Dane; Rigetti, Chad

    Rigorous simulation-driven design methods are an essential component of traditional integrated circuit design. We adapt these techniques to the design and development of superconducting quantum integrated circuits by combining classical finite element analysis in the microwave domain with Brune circuit synthesis by Solgun [PhD thesis 2014] and BKD Hamiltonian analysis by Burkard et al. [Phys. Rev. B 69, 064503 (2004)]. Using the Hamiltonian of the quantum circuit, constructed using the synthesized equivalent linear circuit and the nonlinear Josephson junctions' contributions, we extract operating parameters of the quantum circuit such as resonance coupling strength, dispersive shift, qubit anharmonicitiy, and decoherence rates for single-and multi-port quantum circuits. This approach has been experimentally validated and allows the closed-loop iterative simulation-driven development of quantum information processing devices.

  16. Occupational correlates of smoking among urban transit operators: A prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banerjee Aniruddha

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Workers in blue-collar and service occupations smoke at higher rates than workers in white-collar and professional occupations. Occupational stress may explain some of the occupational class differences in smoking and quitting behavior. The purpose of this study is to investigate the contribution of occupational factors to smoking behavior over a ten year period among a multiethnic cohort of urban transit operators, while accounting for demographic factors and alcohol. Methods The sample consists of 654 San Francisco Municipal Railway (MUNI transit operators who participated in two occupational health studies and biennial medical examinations during 1983–85 and 1993–95. Workers who had initiated, increased, or maintained their smoking over the ten year period were compared to workers who remained non-smokers. Occupational factors included self-rated frequency of job problems (e.g., difficulties with equipment, passengers, traffic, job burnout (i.e., the emotional exhaustion subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory, time needed to unwind after work, and years employed as a transit operator. A series of logistic regression models were developed to estimate the contribution of occupational factors to smoking behavior over time. Results Approximately 35% of the workers increased, initiated, or maintained their smoking over the ten-year period. Frequency of job problems was significantly associated with likelihood of smoking increase, initiation, or maintenance (OR = 1.30; 95% CI 1.09, 1.55. Black operators were significantly more likely to have smoked over the ten-year period compared to operators in other racial/ethnic groups. Conclusion Understanding the role of work-related stress vis-à-vis smoking behavior is of critical importance for crafting workplace smoking prevention and cessation interventions that are applicable to blue-collar work settings, and for developing policies that mitigate occupational stress.

  17. An edge-adaptive demosaicking method based on image correlation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾晓芬; 赵佰亭; 周孟然; 陈兆权

    2015-01-01

    To reduce the cost, size and complexity, a consumer digital camera usually uses a single sensor overlaid with a color filter array (CFA) to sample one of the red−green−blue primary color values, and uses demosaicking algorithm to estimate the missing color values at each pixel. A novel image correlation and support vector machine (SVM) based edge-adaptive algorithm was proposed, which can reduce edge artifacts and false color artifacts, effectively. Firstly, image pixels were separated into edge region and smooth region with an edge detection algorithm. Then, a hybrid approach switching between a simple demosaicking algorithm on the smooth region and SVM based demosaicking algorithm on the edge region was performed. Image spatial and spectral correlations were employed to create middle planes for the interpolation. Experimental result shows that the proposed approach produced visually pleasing full-color result images and obtained higher CPSNR and smaller S-CIELAB *abDE than other conventional demosaicking algorithms.

  18. Analysis of speech-based speech transmission index methods with implications for nonlinear operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsworthy, Ray L.; Greenberg, Julie E.

    2004-12-01

    The Speech Transmission Index (STI) is a physical metric that is well correlated with the intelligibility of speech degraded by additive noise and reverberation. The traditional STI uses modulated noise as a probe signal and is valid for assessing degradations that result from linear operations on the speech signal. Researchers have attempted to extend the STI to predict the intelligibility of nonlinearly processed speech by proposing variations that use speech as a probe signal. This work considers four previously proposed speech-based STI methods and four novel methods, studied under conditions of additive noise, reverberation, and two nonlinear operations (envelope thresholding and spectral subtraction). Analyzing intermediate metrics in the STI calculation reveals why some methods fail for nonlinear operations. Results indicate that none of the previously proposed methods is adequate for all of the conditions considered, while four proposed methods produce qualitatively reasonable results and warrant further study. The discussion considers the relevance of this work to predicting the intelligibility of cochlear-implant processed speech. .

  19. Correlation of the summary method with learning styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarikcioglu, Levent; Senol, Yesim; Yildirim, Fatos B; Hizay, Arzu

    2011-09-01

    The summary is the last part of the lesson but one of the most important. We aimed to study the relationship between the preference of the summary method (video demonstration, question-answer, or brief review of slides) and learning styles. A total of 131 students were included in the present study. An inventory was prepared to understand the students' learning styles, and a satisfaction questionnaire was provided to determine the summary method selection. The questionnaire and inventory were collected and analyzed. A comparison of the data revealed that the summary method with video demonstration received the highest score among all the methods tested. Additionally, there were no significant differences between learning styles and summary method with video demonstration. We suggest that such a summary method should be incorporated into neuroanatomy lessons. Since anatomy has a large amount of visual material, we think that it is ideally suited for this summary method.

  20. Quality control methods for KOOS operational sea surface temperature products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Chansu; KIM Sunhwa

    2016-01-01

    Sea surface temperature SST obtained from the initial version of the Korea Operational Oceanographic System (KOOS) SST satellite have low accuracy during summer and daytime. This is attributed to the diurnal warming effect. Error estimation of SST data must be carried out to use the real-time forecasting numerical model of the KOOS. This study suggests two quality control methods for the KOOS SST system. To minimize the diurnal warming effect, SSTs of areas where wind speed is higher than 5 m/s were used. Depending on the wind threshold value, KOOS SST data for August 2014 were reduced by 0.15°C. Errors in SST data are considered to be a combination of random, sampling, and bias errors. To estimate bias error, the standard deviation of bias between KOOS SSTs and climatology SSTs were used. KOOS SST data yielded an analysis error standard deviation value similar to OSTIA and NOAA NCDC (OISST) data. The KOOS SST shows lower random and sampling errors with increasing number of observations using six satellite datasets. In further studies, the proposed quality control methods for the KOOS SST system will be applied through more long-term case studies and comparisons with other SST systems.

  1. Two-dimensional cell tracking by FPGA-optical correlation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solís, Iraís; Torres-Cisneros, M.; Aviña-Cervantes, J. G.; Ibarra-Manzano, O. G.; Debeir, O.; Ledesma-Orozco, S.; Pérez-Careta, E.; Sanchez-Mondragón, J. J.

    2009-06-01

    Our work uses 1080 images sequence obtained from "in vitro" samples taken every 4 min from a microscope under phase contrast technique. These images are in JPEG format and are 500×700 pixels size with a compression rate of 3:1. We developed an algorithm and characterize it over several image operations against the tracking effectiveness and its robustness respect mitosis and cell shape change. Image equalization, dilation and erosion were the image processing procedures founded to provide best tracking results. Equalization procedure, for example, required a time delay of 5 sec for a size target of 60×90 pixels and 9 sec for size target of 89×100 pixels. This algorithm was implemented into a FPGA which controlled our optical correlator in order to performance all Fourier operations by optical method. Our results showed that the use of the optical correlator can reduce the time consuming in the image process until for 90% which able us to track cells in vascular structure.

  2. Ground State Correlations and the Multiconfiguration Mixing Method

    CERN Document Server

    Pillet, N; Van Giai, N; Berger, J F; Giai, Nguyen Van

    2004-01-01

    We study the convergence properties of a truncation scheme in describing the ground state properties of a many-particle system of fermions. The model wave function is built within a multiconfiguration mixing approach where the many-body wave function is described as a superposition of multiparticle-multihole configurations constructed upon a Slater determinant. The convergence properties of physical quantities such as correlation energies and single-particle occupation probabilities in terms of the increasing number of particle-hole configurations are investigated for the case of an exactly solvable pairing hamiltonian.

  3. Intercomparison of a correlated-photon-based method to measure detector quantum efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Migdall, Alan; Castelletto, Stefania; Degiovanni, Ivo Pietro; Rastello, Maria Luisa

    2002-05-20

    We report on the absolute calibration of photodetector quantum efficiency by using correlated photon sources, performed independently at two laboratories, the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the Istituto Elettrotecnico Nazionale (IEN). The goal is to use an interlaboratory comparison to demonstrate the inherent absoluteness of the photon correlation technique by showing its independence from the particular experimental setup. We find that detector nonuniformity limited this comparison rather than uncertainty inherent in the method itself. The ultimate goal of these investigations is development of a robust measurement protocol that allows the uncertainties of individual measurements to be determined experimentally and verified operationally. Furthermore, to demonstrate the generality of the procedure, the IEN measurement setup was also used to calibrate a fiber-coupled avalanche photodiode module. Uncertainties are evaluated for the detector both with and without fiber coupling and differences are discussed. The current IEN setup using a thinner and higher transmittance nonlinear crystal for the generation of correlated photons shows a significant improvement in overall accuracy with respect to previously reported results from IEN [Metrologia 32, 501-503 (1996)].

  4. The Numerical Renormalization Group Method for correlated electrons

    OpenAIRE

    Bulla, Ralf

    2000-01-01

    The Numerical Renormalization Group method (NRG) has been developed by Wilson in the 1970's to investigate the Kondo problem. The NRG allows the non-perturbative calculation of static and dynamic properties for a variety of impurity models. In addition, this method has been recently generalized to lattice models within the Dynamical Mean Field Theory. This paper gives a brief historical overview of the development of the NRG and discusses its application to the Hubbard model; in particular th...

  5. Recursive-operator method in vibration problems for rod systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozhkova, E. V.

    2009-12-01

    Using linear differential equations with constant coefficients describing one-dimensional dynamical processes as an example, we show that the solutions of these equations and systems are related to the solution of the corresponding numerical recursion relations and one does not have to compute the roots of the corresponding characteristic equations. The arbitrary functions occurring in the general solution of the homogeneous equations are determined by the initial and boundary conditions or are chosen from various classes of analytic functions. The solutions of the inhomogeneous equations are constructed in the form of integro-differential series acting on the right-hand side of the equation, and the coefficients of the series are determined from the same recursion relations. The convergence of formal solutions as series of a more general recursive-operator construction was proved in [1]. In the special case where the solutions of the equation can be represented in separated variables, the power series can be effectively summed, i.e., expressed in terms of elementary functions, and coincide with the known solutions. In this case, to determine the natural vibration frequencies, one obtains algebraic rather than transcendental equations, which permits exactly determining the imaginary and complex roots of these equations without using the graphic method [2, pp. 448-449]. The correctness of the obtained formulas (differentiation formulas, explicit expressions for the series coefficients, etc.) can be verified directly by appropriate substitutions; therefore, we do not prove them here.

  6. Method of distribution of mobile operator server resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Skulysh

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The functioning of the online charging is important for the efficient work of mobile operator. The main disadvantage of a modern system service calls is that they do not consider the important technical and charging parameters of services, as the result, there is not enough rational utilization of server resources. The article proposes a method of distribution of system resources to ensure efficient processing of applications that allows to monitor the quality of services, taking into account the required number of resources to serve one application and statistics about the number of applications of each type of service received in a given time interval. It will allocate resources in proportion to the requirements of the service and configure the distribution of inputs respectively of the input stream, and to ensure the maximization of economic efficiency of service delivery. In the section “Modern problems of service calls” the main disadvantages of modern systems of billing were analyzed. The work of the billing server is described in the section “Processing of calls in Online Charging System. The problem of resource allocation system is solved in the third section, called “The problem of distribution of server resources”.

  7. The Heteronuclear Multiple-Quantum Correlation Experiment: Perspective from Classical Vectors, Nonclassical Vectors, and Product Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen de la Vega-Hernández

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available It is usually accepted that most 2D-NMR experiments cannot be approached using classical models. Instructors argue that Product Operators (PO or density matrix formalisms are the only alternative to get insights into complex spin evolution for experiments involving Multiple-Quantum Coherence, such as the Heteronuclear Multiple-Quantum Correlation (HMQC technique. Nevertheless, in recent years, several contributions have been published to provide vectorial descriptions for the HMQC taking PO formalism as the starting point. In this work we provide a graphical representation of the HMQC experiment, taking the basic elements of Bloch’s vector model as building blocks. This description bears an intuitive and comfortable understanding of spin evolution during the pulse sequence, for those who are novice in 2D-NMR. Finally, this classical vectorial depiction is tested against the PO formalism and nonclassical vectors, conveying the didactic advantage of shedding light on a single phenomenon from different perspectives. This comparative approach could be useful to introduce PO and nonclassical vectors for advanced upper-division undergraduate and graduate education.

  8. An applicable method for efficiency estimation of operating tray distillation columns and its comparison with the methods utilized in HYSYS and Aspen Plus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeghifar, Hamidreza

    2015-10-01

    Developing general methods that rely on column data for the efficiency estimation of operating (existing) distillation columns has been overlooked in the literature. Most of the available methods are based on empirical mass transfer and hydraulic relations correlated to laboratory data. Therefore, these methods may not be sufficiently accurate when applied to industrial columns. In this paper, an applicable and accurate method was developed for the efficiency estimation of distillation columns filled with trays. This method can calculate efficiency as well as mass and heat transfer coefficients without using any empirical mass transfer or hydraulic correlations and without the need to estimate operational or hydraulic parameters of the column. E.g., the method does not need to estimate tray interfacial area, which can be its most important advantage over all the available methods. The method can be used for the efficiency prediction of any trays in distillation columns. For the efficiency calculation, the method employs the column data and uses the true rates of the mass and heat transfers occurring inside the operating column. It is highly emphasized that estimating efficiency of an operating column has to be distinguished from that of a column being designed.

  9. Chilled ceiling displacement ventilation design charts correlations to employ in optimized system operation for feasible load ranges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keblawi, A.; Ghaddar, N.; Ghali, K. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, American University of Beirut, P.O. Box 11-236, Riad El Solh, Beirut 1107 2020 (Lebanon); Jensen, L. [Department of Building Services Engineering, Lund University, Lund (Sweden)

    2009-11-15

    This paper expands Ghaddar et al. [N. Ghaddar, K. Ghali, R. Saadeh, A. Keblawi, Design charts for combined chilled ceiling displacement ventilation system (1438-RP), ASHRAE Transactions, 143 (2) (2008) 574-587] design charts of combined chilled ceiling (CC) displacement ventilation (DV) system to operating sensible load ranges from 40 W/m{sup 2} to 100 W/m{sup 2}. It develops a global correlation of system load and operational parameters, with comfort measured by vertical temperature gradient and indoor air quality measured by the stratification height. The correlations are used for a known transient load profile in generating optimal settings of the CC/DV system operational parameters and associated energy consumption. An example is illustrated to show how the correlation could be used to size the system and to provide optimized control of the CC/DV system operation at low computational cost. Results of the current model are compared to the published case study of an optimized operation based on transient simulations of the space thermal model to achieve minimum operation cost [M. Mossolly, N. Ghaddar, K. Ghali, L. Jensen, Optimized operation of combined chilled ceiling displacement ventilation system using genetic algorithm, ASHRAE Transactions, 143 (2) (2008) 541-554]. The design correlations resulted in good agreement with published data (within 3% error in energy consumption and average 6% error in predictions of comfort and stratification height) at 1/4 of the computational time. The presented methodology provides an alternative for using the correlation for supervisory online controllers for the CC/DV system based on physically derived correlations. (author)

  10. Correlates of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale Method Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quilty, Lena C.; Oakman, Jonathan M.; Risko, Evan

    2006-01-01

    Investigators of personality assessment are becoming aware that using positively and negatively worded items in questionnaires to prevent acquiescence may negatively impact construct validity. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has demonstrated a bifactorial structure typically proposed to result from these method effects. Recent work suggests…

  11. Correlates of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale Method Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quilty, Lena C.; Oakman, Jonathan M.; Risko, Evan

    2006-01-01

    Investigators of personality assessment are becoming aware that using positively and negatively worded items in questionnaires to prevent acquiescence may negatively impact construct validity. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has demonstrated a bifactorial structure typically proposed to result from these method effects. Recent work suggests…

  12. Transesophageal echocardiography evaluation of the coronary blood flow and cardiac function in laparoscopic surgery and their correlation with operative wound

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin-Sheng Chen

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the transesophageal echocardiography evaluation of the coronary blood flow and cardiac function in laparoscopic surgery and their correlation with operative wound.Methods:A total of 80 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery in our hospital were randomly divided into standard pneumoperitoneum pressure group (12-15 mmHg) and high pneumoperitoneum pressure group (>15 mmHg) (n=40), and the differences in the levels of coronary blood flow and cardiac function parameters under transesophageal echocardiography as well as the content of stress hormones and acute phase proteins in serum were compared between two groups of patients.Results: Coronary blood flow parameters D, Q, PDV, MDV and DAR levels of standard pneumoperitoneum pressure group were significantly higher than those of high pneumoperitoneum pressure group; cardiac function parameters COLVOT, LVEF and LVFAC levels were significantly higher than those of high pneumoperitoneum pressure group; stress hormones Cor, Ang-Ⅰ, Ang-Ⅱ, NE, Glucagon and C-peptide as well as acute phase proteins CRP, YKL-40 and HMGB1 content in serum were significantly lower than those of high pneumoperitoneum pressure group while the acute phase protein PA content was significantly higher than that of high pneumoperitoneum pressure group.Conclusions:Transesophageal echocardiography can timely detect the excessive pneumoperitoneum damage in laparoscopic surgery to the coronary blood flow and cardiac function in patients, and also prevent the occurrence of excessive operative wound.

  13. Apparatus and method for grounding compressed fuel fueling operator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Joseph Perry; Farese, David John; Xu, Jianguo

    2002-06-11

    A safety system for grounding an operator at a fueling station prior to removing a fuel fill nozzle from a fuel tank upon completion of a fuel filling operation is provided which includes a fuel tank port in communication with the fuel tank for receiving and retaining the nozzle during the fuel filling operation and a grounding device adjacent to the fuel tank port which includes a grounding switch having a contact member that receives physical contact by the operator and where physical contact of the contact member activates the grounding switch. A releasable interlock is included that provides a lock position wherein the nozzle is locked into the port upon insertion of the nozzle into the port and a release position wherein the nozzle is releasable from the port upon completion of the fuel filling operation and after physical contact of the contact member is accomplished.

  14. A novel acoustic method for gas flow measurement using correlation techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knuuttila, Matti Tapani

    The study demonstrates a new kind of acoustic method for gas flow measurement. The method uses upstream and downstream propagating low frequency plane wave and correlation techniques for volume flow rate determination. The theory of propagating low frequency plane waves in the pipe is introduced and is proved empirically to be applicable for flow measurement. The flow profile dependence of the method is verified and found to be negligible at least in the region of moderate perturbations. The physical principles of the method were applied in practice in the form of a flowmeter with new design concepts. The developed prototype meters were verified against the reference standard of NMI (Nederlands Meetinstituut), which showed that a wide dynamic range of 1:80 is achievable with total expanded uncertainty below 0.3%. Also the requirements used for turbine meters of linearity, weighted mean error and stability were shown to be well fulfilled. A brief comparison with other flowmeter types shows the new flowmeter to be competitive. The advantages it offers are a small pressure drop over the meter, no blockage of flow in possible malfunction, no pulsation to flow, essentially no moving parts, and the possibility for bidirectional measurements. The introduced flowmeter is also capable of using the introduced flowmeter is also capable of using the telephone network or a radio-modem to read the consumption of gas and report its operation to the user.

  15. A novel acoustic method for gas flow measurement using correlation techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knuuttila, M. [VTT Chemical Technology, Espoo (Finland). Industrial Physics

    1997-12-31

    The study demonstrates a new kind of acoustic method for gas flow measurement. The method uses upstream and downstream propagating low frequency plane wave and correlation techniques for volume flow rate determination. The theory of propagating low frequency plane waves in the pipe is introduced and is proved empirically to be applicable for flow measurement. The flow profile dependence of the method is verified and found to be negligible at least in the region of moderate perturbations. The physical principles of the method were applied in practice in the form of a flowmeter with new design concepts. The developed prototype meters were verified against the reference standard of NMI (Nederlands Meetinstituut), which showed that a wide dynamic range of 1:80 is achievable with total expanded uncertainty below 0.3 %. Also the requirements used for turbine meters of linearity, weighted mean error and stability were shown to be well fulfilled. A brief comparison with other flowmeter types shows the new flowmeter to be competitive. The advantages it offers are a small pressure drop over the meter, no blockage of flow in possible malfunction, no pulsation to flow, essentially no moving parts, and the possibility for bidirectional measurements. The introduced flowmeter is also capable of using the telephone network or a radio-modem to read the consumption of gas and report its operation to the user. (orig.) 51 refs.

  16. A Local Fractional Variational Iteration Method for Laplace Equation within Local Fractional Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong-Ju Yang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The local fractional variational iteration method for local fractional Laplace equation is investigated in this paper. The operators are described in the sense of local fractional operators. The obtained results reveal that the method is very effective.

  17. Classification and uptake of reservoir operation optimization methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobson, Barnaby; Pianosi, Francesca; Wagener, Thorsten

    2016-04-01

    Reservoir operation optimization algorithms aim to improve the quality of reservoir release and transfer decisions. They achieve this by creating and optimizing the reservoir operating policy; a function that returns decisions based on the current system state. A range of mathematical optimization algorithms and techniques has been applied to the reservoir operation problem of policy optimization. In this work, we propose a classification of reservoir optimization approaches by focusing on the formulation of the water management problem rather than the optimization algorithm type. We believe that decision makers and operators will find it easier to navigate a classification system based on the problem characteristics, something they can clearly define, rather than the optimization algorithm. Part of this study includes an investigation regarding the extent of algorithm uptake and the possible reasons that limit real world application.

  18. Village operator feasibility framework: A recommended method for assessing the viability of village operator sites

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Von Staden, R

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available their viability. This framework proposes that feasibility is assessed according to six dimensions – Operational, Market, Technical, Social, Management and Financial Feasibility. A theoretical overview is provided for each dimension, along with some practical...

  19. Construction of explicitly correlated geminal-projected particle-hole creation operators for many-electron systems using the diagrammatic factorization approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayne, Michael G.; Uchida, Yuki; Eller, Joshua; Daniels, Carena; Chakraborty, Arindam

    2016-11-01

    The computational cost of performing a configuration interaction (CI) calculation for treating electron-electron correlation is directly proportional to the number of terms in the CI expansion. In this work, we present a diagrammatic projection approach for a priori identification of noncontributing terms in a CI expansion. This method known as the geminal-projected configuration interaction (GP-CI) method is based on using a two-body R12 geminal operator for describing electron-electron correlation in a reference many-electron wave function. The diagrammatic projection procedure was performed by first deriving the Hugenholtz diagrams of the energy expression of the R12 reference wave function and then performing diagrammatic factorization of effective particle-hole creation operators. The projection operation, which is a functional of the geminal function, was defined and used for the construction of the geminal-projected particle-hole creation operators. The form of the two-body R12 geminal operator was derived analytically by imposing an approximate Kato cusp condition. A linear combination of the geminal-projected one-particle one-hole and two-particle two-hole operators were used for the construction of the GP-CI wave function. The applicability and implementation of the diagrammatic projection method was demonstrated by performing proof-of-concept calculations on an isoelectronic series of 10 electron systems: CH4,NH3,H2O ,HF , and Ne . The results from the calculations show that compared to conventional CI calculations, the GP-CI method was able to substantially reduce the size of the CI space (by a factor of 6-9) while maintaining an accuracy of 10-5 Hartrees for the ground-state energies. These results demonstrate the ability of the diagrammatic projection procedure to identify noncontributing states using an analytical form of the R12 geminal correlator operator. The geminal-projection method was also applied to second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation

  20. On the Brodutch and Modi method of constructing geometric measures of classical and quantum correlations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walczak, Zbigniew; Wintrowicz, Iwona

    2017-03-01

    Recently, Brodutch and Modi proposed a general method of constructing meaningful measures of classical and quantum correlations. We systematically apply this method to obtain geometric classical and quantum correlations based on the Bures and the trace distances for two-qubit Bell diagonal states. Moreover, we argue that in general the Brodutch and Modi method may provide non-unique results, and we show how to modify this method to avoid this issue.

  1. System and method of vehicle operating condition management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sujan, Vivek A.; Vajapeyazula, Phani; Follen, Kenneth; Wu, An; Moffett, Barty L.

    2015-10-20

    A vehicle operating condition profile can be determined over a given route while also considering imposed constraints such as deviation from time targets, deviation from maximum governed speed limits, etc. Given current vehicle speed, engine state and transmission state, the present disclosure optimally manages the engine map and transmission to provide a recommended vehicle operating condition that optimizes fuel consumption in transitioning from one vehicle state to a target state. Exemplary embodiments provide for offline and online optimizations relative to fuel consumption. The benefit is increased freight efficiency in transporting cargo from source to destination by minimizing fuel consumption and maintaining drivability.

  2. Three-point correlator of twist-2 light-ray operators in N=4 SYM in BFKL approximation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balitsky, Ian [Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA (United States). Physics Dept.; JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States). Theory Group; Kazakov, Vladimir [Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris (France). LPT; Pierre et Marie Curie Univ., Paris (France); Sobko, Evgeny [DESY Hamburg (Germany). Theory Group

    2015-11-15

    We present calculation of the correlation function of three twist-2 operators in the BFKL limit. The calculation is performed in N=4 SYM but the result is valid in other gauge theories such as QCD. The obtained leading order structure constant is exact for any number of colors.

  3. A comparison of confidence interval methods for the concordance correlation coefficient and intraclass correlation coefficient with small number of raters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Dai; Svetnik, Vladimir; Coimbra, Alexandre; Baumgartner, Richard

    2014-01-01

    The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) with fixed raters or, equivalently, the concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) for continuous outcomes is a widely accepted aggregate index of agreement in settings with small number of raters. Quantifying the precision of the CCC by constructing its confidence interval (CI) is important in early drug development applications, in particular in qualification of biomarker platforms. In recent years, there have been several new methods proposed for construction of CIs for the CCC, but their comprehensive comparison has not been attempted. The methods consisted of the delta method and jackknifing with and without Fisher's Z-transformation, respectively, and Bayesian methods with vague priors. In this study, we carried out a simulation study, with data simulated from multivariate normal as well as heavier tailed distribution (t-distribution with 5 degrees of freedom), to compare the state-of-the-art methods for assigning CI to the CCC. When the data are normally distributed, the jackknifing with Fisher's Z-transformation (JZ) tended to provide superior coverage and the difference between it and the closest competitor, the Bayesian method with the Jeffreys prior was in general minimal. For the nonnormal data, the jackknife methods, especially the JZ method, provided the coverage probabilities closest to the nominal in contrast to the others which yielded overly liberal coverage. Approaches based upon the delta method and Bayesian method with conjugate prior generally provided slightly narrower intervals and larger lower bounds than others, though this was offset by their poor coverage. Finally, we illustrated the utility of the CIs for the CCC in an example of a wake after sleep onset (WASO) biomarker, which is frequently used in clinical sleep studies of drugs for treatment of insomnia.

  4. Viscosity Approximation Methods for Two Accretive Operators in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun-Min Chen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We introduced a viscosity iterative scheme for approximating the common zero of two accretive operators in a strictly convex Banach space which has a uniformly Gâteaux differentiable norm. Some strong convergence theorems are proved, which improve and extend the results of Ceng et al. (2009 and some others.

  5. Methods to reduce mercury pollution in small gold mining operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pantoja-Timarán, F.

    2005-06-01

    amount of solids for the process of amalgamation in the range of 70 %, then reducing the contaminated solid waste. By doing so the recovery of gold is improved in the case of rich ore, but not with the ore of lower grade when comparing with direct amalgamation. In that case it would be required a combination of shaking tables and flotation of the gravity tailings, but that process is more expensive and complicated for the small miners. The described method involves a low capital investment in equipment, and the training to operate the system is not difficult.

    La utilización del mercurio para la extracción de oro es, todavía, una práctica habitual en las pequeñas instalaciones mineras, especialmente en los países en desarrollo, debido a la baja inversión requerida y a la facilidad de operación. Pero la falta de medidas de seguridad hace inevitable una importante contaminación de los rios, de los suelos y también de los trabajadores. Se han realizado algunos avances, sobre el terreno, como en lo relativo a la eliminación de mercurio de la amalgama que se realizaba al aire y ahora se utilizan sencillas y baratas retortas de hierro que disminuyen mucho la emisión de vapores de mercurio a la atmósfera, pero sigue habiendo muchas pérdidas de mercurio en los residuos o estériles del proceso de amalgamación que es, fundamentalmente, casi todo el peso de mineral tratado. Para la reducción de estas pérdidas de mercurio en los estériles del proceso se ha realizado esta investigación, utilizando procesos muy baratos, asequibles a los mineros aislados, demostrando que es posible lograr una disminución muy importante de dichas pérdidas y de la contaminación consiguiente. Para ello se han utilizado técnicas de lavado con detergentes alcalinos de la mena y de purificación electrólitica del mercurio con un sencillo y barato equipo que puede ser construido por los propios mineros, así como la demostración de que un sencillo ensayo de control de los

  6. CORRELATES OF EMPLOYEE SATISFACTION WITH PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEM IN FOREIGN MNC BPOs OPERATING IN INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HERALD MONIS

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is based on an empirical study of five foreign MNC BPO firms operating in India, ranked among the top 100 by the International Association of Outsourcing Professionals (IAOP for the year 2009. The data was collected using quantitative methods from 163 employees constituting 1% of the population under study. The level of satisfaction among the respondents towards the performance appraisal system is at 69.94 per cent. Regression analysis, using a significance level of 5 per cent, shows that three of the variables used in the study are significantly influencing the satisfaction and all these three significant variables are positively associated with satisfaction and all other variables have emerged as the insignificant variables. All the variables used in our study collectively account for 42.6 per cent of the satisfaction. The factor analysis has identified four factors: the variables of factor one contribute 34.786 per cent variation, followed by 12.788 per cent, 11.961 per cent and 8.389 per cent variation being contributed by factor two, three and four respectively.

  7. All-order bounds for correlation functions of gauge-invariant operators in Yang-Mills theory

    CERN Document Server

    Fröb, Markus B; Hollands, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    We give a complete, self-contained, and mathematically rigorous proof that Euclidean Yang-Mills theories are perturbatively renormalisable, in the sense that all correlation functions of arbitrary composite local operators fulfil suitable Ward identities. Our proof treats rigorously both all ultraviolet and infrared problems of the theory and provides, in the end, detailed analytical bounds on the correlation functions of an arbitrary number of composite local operators. These bounds are formulated in terms of certain weighted spanning trees extending between the insertion points of these operators. Our proofs are obtained within the framework of the Wilson-Wegner-Polchinski-Wetterich renormalisation group flow equations, combined with estimation techniques based on tree structures. Compared with previous mathematical treatments of massless theories without local gauge invariance [R. Guida and Ch. Kopper, arXiv:1103.5692; J. Holland, S. Hollands, and Ch. Kopper, arXiv:1411.1785] our constructions require seve...

  8. Ground State Correlations Using exp(S) Method for the ^16O Nucleus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihaila, Bogdan; Heisenberg, Jochen

    1998-04-01

    We use the Argonne-v18 potential together with a phenomenological three-nucleon interaction to do the calculation of the mean-field single particle wave functions and the correlation operator describing the ground state of the ^16O nucleus. Our correlation operator includes the contributions from up to 4p4h terms. We present a breakdown of the contributions to the binding from the two- and the three-body interactions. The one- and the two-body densities for ^16O are presented. Effects of the center-of-mass correction on the charge density and form factor are also discussed.

  9. A New Generation Method for Spatial-Temporal Correlated MIMO Nakagami Fading Channel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiu-Ming Zhu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A new generation method for spatial and temporal correlated multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO Nakagami fading channel is proposed, which has low complexity and is applicable for arbitrary fading parameters and prespecified correlation coefficients of different subchannel. The new scheme can be divided into two steps: (1 generate independent Nakagami fading sequences for each subchannel based on a novel rejection method; (2 introduce the temporal and spatial correlation based on the relationships between Rayleigh, Gamma, and Nakagami random processes. The analysis and simulation results show that the proposed simulator has a good agreement with the theoretical model on fading envelope distribution, spatial-temporal correlation characteristic.

  10. Cold weather hydrogen generation system and method of operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dreier, Ken Wayne (Madison, CT); Kowalski, Michael Thomas (Seymour, CT); Porter, Stephen Charles (Burlington, CT); Chow, Oscar Ken (Simsbury, CT); Borland, Nicholas Paul (Montpelier, VT); Goyette, Stephen Arthur (New Hartford, CT)

    2010-12-14

    A system for providing hydrogen gas is provided. The system includes a hydrogen generator that produces gas from water. One or more heat generation devices are arranged to provide heating of the enclosure during different modes of operation to prevent freezing of components. A plurality of temperature sensors are arranged and coupled to a controller to selectively activate a heat source if the temperature of the component is less than a predetermined temperature.

  11. Cold weather hydrogen generation system and method of operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreier, Ken Wayne; Kowalski, Michael Thomas; Porter, Stephen Charles; Chow, Oscar Ken; Borland, Nicholas Paul; Goyette, Stephen Arthur

    2010-12-14

    A system for providing hydrogen gas is provided. The system includes a hydrogen generator that produces gas from water. One or more heat generation devices are arranged to provide heating of the enclosure during different modes of operation to prevent freezing of components. A plurality of temperature sensors are arranged and coupled to a controller to selectively activate a heat source if the temperature of the component is less than a predetermined temperature.

  12. Methods of quantifying operational risk in Banks : Theoretical approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatima Zahra El ARIF

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The definition of operational risk is a challenge. This risk has an atypical character as far as it concerns all the activities of the bank. It is also often difficult to estimate it independently of the other risks which characterizes the banking activity. Indeed, it is very difficult to determine the amount, the frequency, and the key factors behind this risk. Banks are still putting in place procedures of data collection and formalized approaches in this area. This is what we try to decipher. How then banks are they supposed to assess, predict and effectively manage operational risk, given the incredible diversity of dangers and threats now facing their business? How can they successfully respond to new constraints emanating from regulatory authorities while preserving their future profitability? These two questions are at the heart of the issues related to the measurement of operational risk, and are not without effect on the future ability of banks to manage this type of risk.

  13. Development of method for evaluating cell hardness and correlation between bacterial spore hardness and durability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nakanishi Koichi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite the availability of conventional devices for making single-cell manipulations, determining the hardness of a single cell remains difficult. Here, we consider the cell to be a linear elastic body and apply Young’s modulus (modulus of elasticity, which is defined as the ratio of the repulsive force (stress in response to the applied strain. In this new method, a scanning probe microscope (SPM is operated with a cantilever in the “contact-and-push” mode, and the cantilever is applied to the cell surface over a set distance (applied strain. Results We determined the hardness of the following bacterial cells: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and five Bacillus spp. In log phase, these strains had a similar Young’s modulus, but Bacillus spp. spores were significantly harder than the corresponding vegetative cells. There was a positive, linear correlation between the hardness of bacterial spores and heat or ultraviolet (UV resistance. Conclusions Using this technique, the hardness of a single vegetative bacterial cell or spore could be determined based on Young’s modulus. As an application of this technique, we demonstrated that the hardness of individual bacterial spores was directly proportional to heat and UV resistance, which are the conventional measures of physical durability. This technique allows the rapid and direct determination of spore durability and provides a valuable and innovative method for the evaluation of physical properties in the field of microbiology.

  14. Low pre-operative levels of serum albumin predict lymph node metastases and ultimately correlate with a biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer in radical prostatectomy patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atsushi Takenaka

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. To date, only few studies focusing on the issue of host general and immune activity have been performed in localized prostate cancer (PCa. The aim of this study was to elucidate potent non tumor–related biomarkers that express aggressiveness of PCa treated by radical prostatectomy (RP.Materials and methods. Data from 179 patients who underwent RP were analyzed. The correlations between various kinds of non tumor–related factors in addition to tumor–related factors and biochemical recurrence (BCR were analyzed. The correlations between pre–, intra– and post–operative factors were also analyzed. Results. Thirty–two cases (17.9% had a BCR. The factors found to be significantly predictive of BCR using a Cox–proportional hazard model were the pre–operative serum prostate specific antigen (PSA level and the existence of pathological lymph node metastasis (LNM. A low pre–operative serum albumin level (<4.0 g/dl was significantly correlated with BCR univariately. Logistic regression analysis revealed that a low pre–operative serum albumin level, an American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA score above class 2, and a Gleason score above 8 in the biopsy specimens were significantly predictive of pathological LNM.Conclusions. Tumor–related characteristics are more important for predicting BCR. However, our results suggest that low pre–operative serum albumin level may indicate extensive disease of clinically localized PCa and may ultimately be correlated with BCR. Although multiple reasons may account for the significance of the serum albumin level, it is noteworthy that delayed diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in comorbid patients with low serum albumin levels may lead to PCa progression.

  15. A Fast Motion Parameters Estimation Method Based on Cross-Correlation of Adjacent Echoes for Wideband LFM Radars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Xiong Zhang

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In wideband radar systems, the performance of motion parameters estimation can significantly affect the performance of object detection and the quality of inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR imaging. Although the traditional motion parameters estimation methods can reduce the range migration (RM and Doppler frequency migration (DFM effects in ISAR imaging, the computational complexity is high. In this paper, we propose a new fast non-parameter-searching method for motion parameters estimation based on the cross-correlation of adjacent echoes (CCAE for wideband LFM signals. A cross-correlation operation is carried out for two adjacent echo signals, then the motion parameters can be calculated by estimating the frequency of the correlation result. The proposed CCAE method can be applied directly to the stretching system, which is commonly adopted in wideband radar systems. Simulation results demonstrate that the new method can achieve better estimation performances, with much lower computational cost, compared with existing methods. The experimental results on real radar datasets are also evaluated to verify the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed method compared to the state-of-the-art existing methods.

  16. Impact of Wind Speed Correlation on the Operation of Energy Storage Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davril Mathieu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Renewable resources technologies such as wind power currently demonstrate a worldwide popularity thanks to their environmental friendly status and their economic potential. The variability of the wind power output implies the use of practical solutions such as energy storage systems in order to retain the power system stability and reliability. The wind geographical correlation between different wind farms also impacts the system reliability. This paper studies the effects of the wind speed correlation level on the performance of the associated energy storage system (ESS. Wind correlated model using Weibull probability distribution and Nataf transformation is presented. Energy storage system model and energy management algorithm are developed. Both are applied to a modified IEEE-RTS power generation and load model. The case simulation results indicate that the wind speed correlation level between two wind farms impacts the power distribution inside energy storages and that it needs to be considered in order not to overestimate ESS benefits on the system.

  17. Flight Dynamics Operations: Methods and Lessons Learned from Space Shuttle Orbit Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutri-Kohart, Rebecca M.

    2011-01-01

    The Flight Dynamics Officer is responsible for trajectory maintenance of the Space Shuttle. This paper will cover high level operational considerations, methodology, procedures, and lessons learned involved in performing the functions of orbit and rendezvous Flight Dynamics Officer and leading the team of flight dynamics specialists during different phases of flight. The primary functions that will be address are: onboard state vector maintenance, ground ephemeris maintenance, calculation of ground and spacecraft acquisitions, collision avoidance, burn targeting for the primary mission, rendezvous, deorbit and contingencies, separation sequences, emergency deorbit preparation, mass properties coordination, payload deployment planning, coordination with the International Space Station, and coordination with worldwide trajectory customers. Each of these tasks require the Flight Dynamics Officer to have cognizance of the current trajectory state as well as the impact of future events on the trajectory plan in order to properly analyze and react to real-time changes. Additionally, considerations are made to prepare flexible alternative trajectory plans in the case timeline changes or a systems failure impact the primary plan. The evolution of the methodology, procedures, and techniques used by the Flight Dynamics Officer to perform these tasks will be discussed. Particular attention will be given to how specific Space Shuttle mission and training simulation experiences, particularly off-nominal or unexpected events such as shortened mission durations, tank failures, contingency deorbit, navigation errors, conjunctions, and unexpected payload deployments, have influenced the operational procedures and training for performing Space Shuttle flight dynamics operations over the history of the program. These lessons learned can then be extended to future vehicle trajectory operations.

  18. Extension theory for elliptic partial differential operators with pseudodifferential methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grubb, Gerd

    2012-01-01

    This is a short survey on the connection between general extension theories and the study of realizations of elliptic operators A on smooth domains in R^n, n >1. The theory of pseudodifferential boundary problems has turned out to be very useful here, not only as a formulational framework, but also...... for the solution of specific questions. We recall some elements of that theory, and show its application in several cases (including new results), namely to the lower boundedness question, and the question of spectral asymptotics for differences between resolvents....

  19. Estimating genetic correlations based on phenotypic data: a simulation-based method

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elias Zintzaras

    2011-04-01

    Knowledge of genetic correlations is essential to understand the joint evolution of traits through correlated responses to selection, a difficult and seldom, very precise task even with easy-to-breed species. Here, a simulation-based method to estimate genetic correlations and genetic covariances that relies only on phenotypic measurements is proposed. The method does not require any degree of relatedness in the sampled individuals. Extensive numerical results suggest that the propose method may provide relatively efficient estimates regardless of sample sizes and contributions from common environmental effects.

  20. Numerical modeling of the thermal-hydraulic behavior of wire-on-tube condensers operating with HFC-134a using homogeneous equilibrium model: evaluation of some void fraction correlations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzella, Matheus dos Santos; Cabezas-Gómez, Luben; da Silva, José Antônio; Maia, Cristiana Brasil; Hanriot, Sérgio de Morais

    2016-02-01

    This study presents a numerical evaluation of the influence of some void fraction correlations over the thermal-hydraulic behavior of wire-on-tube condensers operating with HFC-134a. The numerical model is based on finite volume method considering the homogeneous equilibrium model. Empirical correlations are applied to provide closure relations. Results show that the choice of void fraction correlation influences the refrigerant charge and pressure drop calculations, while no influences the heat transfer rate.

  1. Extension of the spatial autocorrelation (SPAC) method to mixed-component correlations of surface waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haney, Matthew M.; Mikesell, T. Dylan; van Wijk, Kasper; Nakahara, Hisashi

    2012-01-01

    Using ambient seismic noise for imaging subsurface structure dates back to the development of the spatial autocorrelation (SPAC) method in the 1950s. We present a theoretical analysis of the SPAC method for multicomponent recordings of surface waves to determine the complete 3 × 3 matrix of correlations between all pairs of three-component motions, called the correlation matrix. In the case of isotropic incidence, when either Rayleigh or Love waves arrive from all directions with equal power, the only non-zero off-diagonal terms in the matrix are the vertical–radial (ZR) and radial–vertical (RZ) correlations in the presence of Rayleigh waves. Such combinations were not considered in the development of the SPAC method. The method originally addressed the vertical–vertical (ZZ), RR and TT correlations, hence the name spatial autocorrelation. The theoretical expressions we derive for the ZR and RZ correlations offer additional ways to measure Rayleigh wave dispersion within the SPAC framework. Expanding on the results for isotropic incidence, we derive the complete correlation matrix in the case of generally anisotropic incidence. We show that the ZR and RZ correlations have advantageous properties in the presence of an out-of-plane directional wavefield compared to ZZ and RR correlations. We apply the results for mixed-component correlations to a data set from Akutan Volcano, Alaska and find consistent estimates of Rayleigh wave phase velocity from ZR compared to ZZ correlations. This work together with the recently discovered connections between the SPAC method and time-domain correlations of ambient noise provide further insights into the retrieval of surface wave Green’s functions from seismic noise.

  2. Cross-Correlation-Function-Based Multipath Mitigation Method for Sine-BOC Signals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. H. Chen

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS positioning accuracy indoor and urban canyons environments are greatly affected by multipath due to distortions in its autocorrelation function. In this paper, a cross-correlation function between the received sine phased Binary Offset Carrier (sine-BOC modulation signal and the local signal is studied firstly, and a new multipath mitigation method based on cross-correlation function for sine-BOC signal is proposed. This method is implemented to create a cross-correlation function by designing the modulated symbols of the local signal. The theoretical analysis and simulation results indicate that the proposed method exhibits better multipath mitigation performance compared with the traditional Double Delta Correlator (DDC techniques, especially the medium/long delay multipath signals, and it is also convenient and flexible to implement by using only one correlator, which is the case of low-cost mass-market receivers.

  3. 组织工程皮肤修复皮肤缺损成功率与手术方法的相关性%Correlation between successful rate of skin-defect repair with tissue-engineered skin and methods of operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何黎升; 金岩; 邓天政; 宋绍华; 刘鹏; 黄沙

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Skin defect is commonly repaired by autologous skin graft, but in which, it is required healthy skin provider and it probably results in scarring deformity to various extents. The successful construction and clinical application of tissue-engineered skin (TE skin) mark the major breakthrough in treatment of skin defect.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between operation method and healing rate, through repair of skin defect with TE skin, to provide experimental evidence on clinical application of TE skin.DESIGN: Randomized controlled observation was designed.SETTING: Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Teaching-Research Room of Histology and Pathology and Experimental Center of Tissue Engineering, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University of Chinese PLAMATERIALS: The experiment was performed in Experimental Center of Tissue Engineering, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, in which 6 healthy York pigs were employed, of clean grade,aged varied from 2.5 to 3 months. 3 groups were randomized, named TE whole-layer group, TE dermal and auto-epidermal group and auto-graft group, 2 pigs in each group. 8 wounds were prepared in each pig, round in shape and 50 mm in diameter, 16 wounds in each group, totally 48wounds.METHODS: ①Preparation of TE whole layer and TE true skin. ② In TE whole-layer group: The whole layer of skin was cut off from fat layeralong the drawn line. When bleeding stopped thoroughly and the wound was covered with wet physiological saline gauze, TE whole-layer skin was collected and windowing was done on the skin for drainage. Physiological saline was used to rinsed away the culture solution on the surface of TE skin, and then, the cuticular layer was upward-covered the wound, avoiding gas vacuole between cuticular layer and wound. Single-layer oleic gauze, physiological saline gauze, aseptic dry gauze and elastic sponge cushion were covered successively, about 3-5 mm in thickness each

  4. Influence Of Different Methods Of Operative Treatment On Ovarian Reserve.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V Simrok

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This research paper presents the results of ovarian reserve estimation for 125 women with the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS who have undergone various methods of surgical treatment - resection of the ovaries, thermokauterisation and drilling by laser (Ho-Yag. Ovarian reserve was estimated according to the amount of antral follicles, level of follitropin and Müllerian inhibiting substance (MIS, also named anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH. Blood flow in ovarian tissue was also examined after various methods of surgical treatment. The study has shown that the gentlest method of surgical treatment is drilling by Ho-Yag laser, which is least likely to injure the tissue of ovaries, and also this method is most effective in enhancing and preserving ovarian reserve.

  5. Robust Kernel (Cross-) Covariance Operators in Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space toward Kernel Methods

    OpenAIRE

    Alam, Md. Ashad; Fukumizu, Kenji; Wang, Yu-Ping

    2016-01-01

    To the best of our knowledge, there are no general well-founded robust methods for statistical unsupervised learning. Most of the unsupervised methods explicitly or implicitly depend on the kernel covariance operator (kernel CO) or kernel cross-covariance operator (kernel CCO). They are sensitive to contaminated data, even when using bounded positive definite kernels. First, we propose robust kernel covariance operator (robust kernel CO) and robust kernel crosscovariance operator (robust kern...

  6. Analysis of Preconditioning and Relaxation Operators for the Discontinuous Galerkin Method Applied to Diffusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkins, H. L.; Shu, Chi-Wang

    2001-01-01

    The explicit stability constraint of the discontinuous Galerkin method applied to the diffusion operator decreases dramatically as the order of the method is increased. Block Jacobi and block Gauss-Seidel preconditioner operators are examined for their effectiveness at accelerating convergence. A Fourier analysis for methods of order 2 through 6 reveals that both preconditioner operators bound the eigenvalues of the discrete spatial operator. Additionally, in one dimension, the eigenvalues are grouped into two or three regions that are invariant with order of the method. Local relaxation methods are constructed that rapidly damp high frequencies for arbitrarily large time step.

  7. Influence of the operating parameters and of the sample introduction system on time correlation of line intensities using an axially viewed CCD-based ICP-AES system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grotti, Marco, E-mail: grotti@chimica.unige.i [Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Via Dodecaneso 31, 16146 Genova (Italy); Todoli, Jose Luis [Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Nutricion y Bromatologia, Universidad de Alicante, 03080, Alicante (Spain); Mermet, Jean Michel [Spectroscopy Forever, 01390 Tramoyes (France)

    2010-02-15

    The influence of the acquisition and operating parameters on time correlation between emission line intensities was investigated using axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-multichannel-based emission spectrometry and various sample introduction systems. It was found that to obtain flicker-noise limited signals, necessary to compensate for time-correlated signal fluctuations by internal standardization, the flicker-noise magnitude of the sample introduction system, the integration time and the emission line intensity had to be considered. The highest correlation between lines was observed for ultrasonic nebulization with desolvatation, the noisiest system among those considered, for which the contribution of the uncorrelated shot-noise was negligible. In contrast, for sample introduction systems characterized by lower flicker-noise levels, shot-noise led to high, non-correlated RSD values, making the internal standard method to be much less efficient. To minimize shot-noise, time correlation was improved by increasing the emission line intensities and the integration time. Improvement in repeatability did not depend only on time correlation, but also on the ratio between the relative standard deviations of the analytical and reference lines. The best signal compensation was obtained when RSD values of the reference and analytical lines were similar, which is usually obtained when the system is flicker-noise limited, while departure from similarity can lead to a degradation of repeatability when using the internal standard method. Moreover, the use of so-called robust plasma conditions, i.e. a high power (1500 W) along with a low carrier gas flow rate (0.8 L/min) improved also the compensation. Finally, high correlation and consequent improvement in repeatability by internal standardization was observed also in the presence of complex matrices (sediment and soil samples), although a matrix-induced degradation of the correlation between lines was generally

  8. Mathematical methods in physics distributions, Hilbert space operators, variational methods, and applications in quantum physics

    CERN Document Server

    Blanchard, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    The second edition of this textbook presents the basic mathematical knowledge and skills that are needed for courses on modern theoretical physics, such as those on quantum mechanics, classical and quantum field theory, and related areas.  The authors stress that learning mathematical physics is not a passive process and include numerous detailed proofs, examples, and over 200 exercises, as well as hints linking mathematical concepts and results to the relevant physical concepts and theories.  All of the material from the first edition has been updated, and five new chapters have been added on such topics as distributions, Hilbert space operators, and variational methods.   The text is divided into three main parts. Part I is a brief introduction to distribution theory, in which elements from the theories of ultradistributions and hyperfunctions are considered in addition to some deeper results for Schwartz distributions, thus providing a comprehensive introduction to the theory of generalized functions. P...

  9. A new method to determine the energy of vanishing flow, using particle-particle azimuthal correlations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buta, A. [Caen Univ., 14 (France). Lab. de Physique Corpusculaire]|[Institute of Atomic Physics, Bucharest (Romania); Angelique, J.C.; Bizard, G.; Brou, R.; Cussol, D. [Caen Univ., 14 (France). Lab. de Physique Corpusculaire; Auger, G.; Cabot, C. [Grand Accelerateur National d`Ions Lourds (GANIL), 14 - Caen (France); Cassagnou, Y. [CEA Centre d`Etudes de Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France). Dept. d`Astrophysique, de la Physique des Particules, de la Physique Nucleaire et de l`Instrumentation Associee; Crema, E. [Caen Univ., 14 (France). Lab. de Physique Corpusculaire]|[Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica; El Masri, Y. [Louvain Univ., Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium). Unite de Physique Nucleaire; and others

    1996-09-01

    Measuring the in-plane flow parameter appears to be a promising method to gain information on the equation of state of nuclear matter. A new method, based on particle-particle azimuthal correlations is proposed. This method does not require the knowledge of the reaction plane. The collisions Zn+Ni and Ar+Al are presented as an example. (K.A.).

  10. A Simple Superresolution Approach of Multipath Delay Profiles Measured by PN Correlation Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Time resolution of multipath delay profiles measured by using autocorrelation of pseudonoise (PN) code sequence is generally limitec by the chip rate of the PN code sequence. In this paper, we propose a simple method to improve the time resolution of delay profiles measured by the PN correlation method. Effectiveness of this method is demonstrated by indoor wireless propagation experiments.

  11. Methods for treating hydrocarbon recovery operations and industrial waters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thompson, N.E.S.; Asperger, R.G.

    1989-05-02

    This patent describes a method for consisting adding to the emulsion an effective demulsifying amount of a composition comprising a compound containing: an alkane triyl group of 1 to 30 carbon atoms; an alkylene group of 1 to 30 carbon atoms; and an alkali or alkaline earth metal group or an ammonium group.

  12. An extension of the finite cell method using boolean operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abedian, Alireza; Düster, Alexander

    2017-01-01

    In the finite cell method, the fictitious domain approach is combined with high-order finite elements. The geometry of the problem is taken into account by integrating the finite cell formulation over the physical domain to obtain the corresponding stiffness matrix and load vector. In this contribution, an extension of the FCM is presented wherein both the physical and fictitious domain of an element are simultaneously evaluated during the integration. In the proposed extension of the finite cell method, the contribution of the stiffness matrix over the fictitious domain is subtracted from the cell, resulting in the desired stiffness matrix which reflects the contribution of the physical domain only. This method results in an exponential rate of convergence for porous domain problems with a smooth solution and accurate integration. In addition, it reduces the computational cost, especially when applying adaptive integration schemes based on the quadtree/octree. Based on 2D and 3D problems of linear elastostatics, numerical examples serve to demonstrate the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method.

  13. The Heteronuclear Single-Quantum Correlation (HSQC) Experiment: Vectors versus Product Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Vega-Herna´ndez, Karen; Antuch, Manuel

    2015-01-01

    A vectorial representation of the full sequence of events occurring during the 2D-NMR heteronuclear single-quantum correlation (HSQC) experiment is presented. The proposed vectorial representation conveys an understanding of the magnetization evolution during the HSQC pulse sequence for those who have little or no quantum mechanical background.…

  14. Reduction in anaesthetic drug consumption is correlated with mean titrated intra-operative Bispectral Index values.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ellerkmann, R.K.; Kreuer, S.; Wilhelm, W.; Ropcke, H.; Hoeft, A.; Bruhn, J.

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown a reduction in anaesthetic drug consumption with Bispectral Index (BIS) titration compared with standard clinical practice. However, the amount of reduction varied widely between 1% and 40%. We investigated the correlation between reduction in anaesthetic drug

  15. Structural carbohydrates in a plant biomass: correlations between the detergent fiber and dietary fiber methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godin, Bruno; Agneessens, Richard; Gerin, Patrick; Delcarte, Jérôme

    2014-06-18

    We compared the detergent fiber and dietary fiber methods to analyze the cellulose and hemicellulose contents of commelinid and non-commelinid magnoliophyta biomass. A good linear correlation was found between both methods. Compared to the more accurate dietary fiber method, the detergent fiber method overestimates the content of cellulose, whereas the detergent fiber method, as compared to the dietary fiber method, overestimates and underestimates the hemicellulose content in commelinid and non-commelinid magnoliophyta biomass, respectively. Because of the good linear correlations, conversion factors were determined to predict the cellulose, hemicellulose, and xylan contents to be expected from the dietary fiber method, on the basis of analyses made by the faster, cheaper, and more commonly practiced detergent fiber method. Nevertheless, the dietary fiber method offers the advantage of providing the detailed composition of the hemicelluloses (xylan, arabinan, hemicellulosic glucan, galactan, and mannan), and that is of interest for biorefining purposes.

  16. SPECTRAL CORRELATION METHOD IN THE IDENTIFICATION OF FREQUENCY-SELECTIVE FADING RADIO ENVIRONMENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weng Hong; Wang Hongyuan; Yu Guowen

    2006-01-01

    Many modulated communication signals exhibit a cyclostationarity (or periodic correlation) property. To exploit the underlying periodicity of the modulated signal in the real-time recognition scheme of radio environments, this letter introduces a spectral correlation method to identify the number and the direction of multi-path in the environment of frequency-selective fading channel. By simulation, the graphs of spatial spectra corresponding to a certain cycle frequency is presented to show the accuracy of spectral correlation method in multi-path environment recognition.

  17. Photoacoustic sample vessel and method of elevated pressure operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Autrey, Tom; Yonker, Clement R.

    2004-05-04

    An improved photoacoustic vessel and method of photoacoustic analysis. The photoacoustic sample vessel comprises an acoustic detector, an acoustic couplant, and an acoustic coupler having a chamber for holding the acoustic couplant and a sample. The acoustic couplant is selected from the group consisting of liquid, solid, and combinations thereof. Passing electromagnetic energy through the sample generates an acoustic signal within the sample, whereby the acoustic signal propagates through the sample to and through the acoustic couplant to the acoustic detector.

  18. Probabilistic and asymptotic methods with the Perron Frobenius's operator

    CERN Document Server

    Cirier, Guy

    2012-01-01

    We give a new global presentation of our results on the asymptotic behavior of an iteration. This paper brings many improvements and corrections to our previous preprints on the subject.Among the applications, we use new methods to compute asymptotic results of PDE like Lorenz or Navier-Stokes equations. New questions as the resonance are studied.Perron-Frobenius;resolving deviation;Julia's sets;Plancherel-Rotach'function;Lorenz andNavier-Sto kes equations;resonance;

  19. A combined method for correlative 3D imaging of biological samples from macro to nano scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellner, Manuela; Heidrich, Marko; Lorbeer, Raoul-Amadeus; Antonopoulos, Georgios C.; Knudsen, Lars; Wrede, Christoph; Izykowski, Nicole; Grothausmann, Roman; Jonigk, Danny; Ochs, Matthias; Ripken, Tammo; Kühnel, Mark P.; Meyer, Heiko

    2016-10-01

    Correlative analysis requires examination of a specimen from macro to nano scale as well as applicability of analytical methods ranging from morphological to molecular. Accomplishing this with one and the same sample is laborious at best, due to deformation and biodegradation during measurements or intermediary preparation steps. Furthermore, data alignment using differing imaging techniques turns out to be a complex task, which considerably complicates the interconnection of results. We present correlative imaging of the accessory rat lung lobe by combining a modified Scanning Laser Optical Tomography (SLOT) setup with a specially developed sample preparation method (CRISTAL). CRISTAL is a resin-based embedding method that optically clears the specimen while allowing sectioning and preventing degradation. We applied and correlated SLOT with Multi Photon Microscopy, histological and immunofluorescence analysis as well as Transmission Electron Microscopy, all in the same sample. Thus, combining CRISTAL with SLOT enables the correlative utilization of a vast variety of imaging techniques.

  20. Artificial intelligence methods in deregulated power systems operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilic, Jovan

    With the introduction of the power systems deregulation, many classical power transmission and distribution optimization tools became inadequate. Optimal Power Flow and Unit Commitment are common computer programs used in the regulated power industry. This work is addressing the Optimal Power Flow and Unit Commitment in the new deregulated environment. Optimal Power Flow is a high dimensional, non-linear, and non-convex optimization problem. As such, it is even now, after forty years since its introduction, a research topic without a widely accepted solution able to encompass all areas of interest. Unit Commitment is a high dimensional, combinatorial problem which should ideally include the Optimal Power Flow in its solution. The dimensionality of a typical Unit Commitment problem is so great that even the enumeration of all the combinations would take too much time for any practical purposes. This dissertation attacks the Optimal Power Flow problem using non-traditional tools from the Artificial Intelligence arena. Artificial Intelligence optimization methods are based on stochastic principles. Usually, stochastic optimization methods are successful where all other classical approaches fail. We will use Genetic Programming optimization for both Optimal Power Flow and Unit Commitment. Long processing times will also be addressed through supervised machine learning.

  1. Correlation of serum oestrogen level with duration of post operative analgesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pramod Kumar

    2007-01-01

    The results analysed showed that there was a clinically significant but statistically non significant reduction in 24hr VAS score in Group I& III patients than Group II patients who had a high oestrogen level. A negative correlation between serum oestrogen and mean duration of analgesia further support this, indicating that low serum oestrogen level decreases pain sensitiv-ity and high serum oestrogen level increases pain sensitivity.

  2. Evaluation of ride quality prediction methods for operational military helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leatherwood, J. D.; Clevenson, S. A.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1984-01-01

    The results of a simulator study conducted to compare and validate various ride quality prediction methods for use in assessing passenger/crew ride comfort within helicopters are presented. Included are results quantifying 35 helicopter pilots' discomfort responses to helicopter interior noise and vibration typical of routine flights, assessment of various ride quality metrics including the NASA ride comfort model, and examination of possible criteria approaches. Results of the study indicated that crew discomfort results from a complex interaction between vibration and interior noise. Overall measures such as weighted or unweighted root-mean-square acceleration level and A-weighted noise level were not good predictors of discomfort. Accurate prediction required a metric incorporating the interactive effects of both noise and vibration. The best metric for predicting crew comfort to the combined noise and vibration environment was the NASA discomfort index.

  3. New Method for Modeling and Operating of the Virtual Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentin LARION

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Much research has been conducted to define what a virtual enterprise (VE actually is and how it should work. This paper addresses the more specific question, how a virtual enterprise can be designed to be agile and to so best support short-term business opportunities. The cases on virtual enterprises studied in this research suggest that in order to adequately respond to a temporary window of opportunity in the market, engineering and implementation competencies cannot be created for the occasion but need to be preinstalled and on standby. Thus, each research study conducted in this sense has tried to ascertain a set of methods and tools to select partners, reengineer business and logistic processes and to set up an information and communication platform for the virtual enterprise.

  4. Right atrial tamponade complicating cardiac operation: clinical, hemodynamic, and scintigraphic correlates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bateman, T.; Gray, R.; Chaux, A.; Lee, M.; De Robertis, M.; Berman, D.; Matloff, J.

    1982-09-01

    Persistent bleeding into the pericardial space in the early hours after cardiac operation not uncommonly results in cardiac tamponade. Single chamber tamponade also might be expected, since in this setting the pericardium frequently contains firm blood clots localized to the area of active bleeding. However, this complication has received very little attention in the surgical literature. We are therefore providing documentation that isolated right atrial tamponade can occur as a complication of cardiac operation and that there exists a potential for misdiagnosis and hence incorrect treatment of this condition. Right atrial tamponade may be recognized by a combination of low cardiac output, low blood pressure, prominent neck veins, right atrial pressure in excess of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and right ventricular end-diastolic pressure, and a poor response to plasma volume expansion. Findings on chest roentgenogram and gated wall motion scintigraphy may be highly suggestive. This review should serve to increase awareness of this complication and to provide some helpful diagnostic clues.

  5. A new method to estimate the noise in financial correlation matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guhr, Thomas [Matematisk Fysik, LTH, Lunds Universitet, Box 118, 22100 Lund (Sweden); Kaelber, Bernd [Max Planck Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 103980, 69029 Heidelberg (Germany)

    2003-03-28

    Companies belonging to the same industrial branch are subject to similar economical influences. Hence, the time series of their stocks can show similar trends implying a correlation. Financial correlation matrices measure the unsystematic correlations between time series of stocks. Such information is important for risk management. It has been found by Laloux et al that the correlation matrices are 'noise dressed', a major reason being the finiteness of the time series. We present a new and alternative method to estimate this noise. We introduce a power mapping of the elements in the correlation matrix which suppresses the noise and thereby effectively 'prolongs' the time series. Neither further data processing nor additional input is needed. To develop and test our method, we use a model suggested by Noh which can be viewed as a special case of a 'factor model' in economics. We perform numerical simulations for the time series and obtain correlation matrices. We support the numerics by a qualitative analytical discussion. With our approach, different correlation structures buried under this noise can be detected. Our method is general and can be applied to all systems in which time series are measured.

  6. A new method to estimate the noise in financial correlation matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guhr, Thomas; Kälber, Bernd

    2003-03-01

    Companies belonging to the same industrial branch are subject to similar economical influences. Hence, the time series of their stocks can show similar trends implying a correlation. Financial correlation matrices measure the unsystematic correlations between time series of stocks. Such information is important for risk management. It has been found by Laloux et al that the correlation matrices are 'noise dressed', a major reason being the finiteness of the time series. We present a new and alternative method to estimate this noise. We introduce a power mapping of the elements in the correlation matrix which suppresses the noise and thereby effectively 'prolongs' the time series. Neither further data processing nor additional input is needed. To develop and test our method, we use a model suggested by Noh which can be viewed as a special case of a 'factor model' in economics. We perform numerical simulations for the time series and obtain correlation matrices. We support the numerics by a qualitative analytical discussion. With our approach, different correlation structures buried under this noise can be detected. Our method is general and can be applied to all systems in which time series are measured.

  7. Solving evolutionary-type differential equations and physical problems using the operator method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhukovsky, K. V.

    2017-01-01

    We present a general operator method based on the advanced technique of the inverse derivative operator for solving a wide range of problems described by some classes of differential equations. We construct and use inverse differential operators to solve several differential equations. We obtain operator identities involving an inverse derivative operator, integral transformations, and generalized forms of orthogonal polynomials and special functions. We present examples of using the operator method to construct solutions of equations containing linear and quadratic forms of a pair of operators satisfying Heisenberg-type relations and solutions of various modifications of partial differential equations of the Fourier heat conduction type, Fokker-Planck type, Black-Scholes type, etc. We demonstrate using the operator technique to solve several physical problems related to the charge motion in quantum mechanics, heat propagation, and the dynamics of the beams in accelerators.

  8. The method of optimization of neuro-based concurrent operations in neurocomputers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanchuk, V. A.

    2017-02-01

    The article deals with the task of optimization of neuro-based concurrent operations to be implemented in neurocomputers. We define mathematical tools of this optimization that can employ the set-theoretic approach towards such concepts as task, operation, and microcommand. We consider segmentation and parallelization of operations as methods to use, depending on precedence relations among operations that constitute these segments. The task solution of optimization of neuro-based concurrent operations in neurocomputers can be applied to a whole class of neurocomputers, regardless of the manufacturer, the model or the product line, since we only address the general properties and principles of the neurocomputer operation. We select criteria and define methods of evaluating the effectiveness of parallelization of concurrent operations, when they are implemented in neurocomputers. We describe our empiric research in the form of a software system that automatically optimizes neuro-based concurrent operations in neurocomputers on the NP Studio platform.

  9. A method for aggregating external operating conditions in multi-generation system optimization models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lythcke-Jørgensen, Christoffer Ernst; Münster, Marie; Ensinas, Adriano Viana

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a novel, simple method for reducing external operating condition datasets to be used in multi-generation system optimization models. The method, called the Characteristic Operating Pattern (CHOP) method, is a visually-based aggregation method that clusters reference data based...... on parameter values rather than time of occurrence, thereby preserving important information on short-term relations between the relevant operating parameters. This is opposed to commonly used methods where data are averaged over chronological periods (months or years), and extreme conditions are hidden...... in the averaged values. The CHOP method is tested in a case study where the operation of a fictive Danish combined heat and power plant is optimized over a historical 5-year period. The optimization model is solved using the full external operating condition dataset, a reduced dataset obtained using the CHOP...

  10. Application of an improved maximum correlated kurtosis deconvolution method for fault diagnosis of rolling element bearings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miao, Yonghao; Zhao, Ming; Lin, Jing; Lei, Yaguo

    2017-08-01

    The extraction of periodic impulses, which are the important indicators of rolling bearing faults, from vibration signals is considerably significance for fault diagnosis. Maximum correlated kurtosis deconvolution (MCKD) developed from minimum entropy deconvolution (MED) has been proven as an efficient tool for enhancing the periodic impulses in the diagnosis of rolling element bearings and gearboxes. However, challenges still exist when MCKD is applied to the bearings operating under harsh working conditions. The difficulties mainly come from the rigorous requires for the multi-input parameters and the complicated resampling process. To overcome these limitations, an improved MCKD (IMCKD) is presented in this paper. The new method estimates the iterative period by calculating the autocorrelation of the envelope signal rather than relies on the provided prior period. Moreover, the iterative period will gradually approach to the true fault period through updating the iterative period after every iterative step. Since IMCKD is unaffected by the impulse signals with the high kurtosis value, the new method selects the maximum kurtosis filtered signal as the final choice from all candidates in the assigned iterative counts. Compared with MCKD, IMCKD has three advantages. First, without considering prior period and the choice of the order of shift, IMCKD is more efficient and has higher robustness. Second, the resampling process is not necessary for IMCKD, which is greatly convenient for the subsequent frequency spectrum analysis and envelope spectrum analysis without resetting the sampling rate. Third, IMCKD has a significant performance advantage in diagnosing the bearing compound-fault which expands the application range. Finally, the effectiveness and superiority of IMCKD are validated by a number of simulated bearing fault signals and applying to compound faults and single fault diagnosis of a locomotive bearing.

  11. WASTE PACKAGE OPERATIONS FY99 CLOSURE METHODS REPORT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    M. C. Knapp

    1999-09-23

    The waste package (WP) closure weld development task is part of a larger engineering development program to develop waste package designs. The purpose of the larger waste package engineering development program is to develop nuclear waste package fabrication and closure methods that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission will find acceptable and will license for disposal of spent nuclear fuel (SNF), non-fuel components, and vitrified high-level waste within a Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR). Within the WP closure development program are several major development tasks, which, in turn, are divided into subtasks. The major tasks include: WP fabrication development, WP closure weld development, nondestructive examination (NDE) development, and remote in-service inspection development. The purpose of this report is to present the objectives, technical information, and work scope relating to the WP closure weld development.and NDE tasks and subtasks and to report results of the closure weld and NDE development programs for fiscal year 1999 (FY-99). The objective of the FY-99 WP closure weld development task was to develop requirements for closure weld surface and volumetric NDE performance demonstrations, investigate alternative NDE inspection techniques, and develop specifications for welding, NDE, and handling system integration. In addition, objectives included fabricating several flat plate mock-ups that could be used for NDE development, stress relief peening, corrosion testing, and residual stress testing.

  12. Operation safety of control systems. Principles and methods; Surete de fonctionnement des systemes de commande. Principes et methodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubry, J.F. [Institut National Polytechnique, 54 - Nancy (France); Chatelet, E. [Universite de Technologie de Troyes, 10 (France)

    2008-09-15

    This article presents the main operation safety methods that can be implemented to design safe control systems taking into account the behaviour of the different components with each other (binary 'operation/failure' behaviours, non-consistent behaviours and 'hidden' failures, dynamical behaviours and temporal aspects etc). To take into account these different behaviours, advanced qualitative and quantitative methods have to be used which are described in this article: 1 - qualitative methods of analysis: functional analysis, preliminary risk analysis, failure mode and failure effects analyses; 2 - quantitative study of systems operation safety: binary representation models, state space-based methods, event space-based methods; 3 - application to the design of control systems: safe specifications of a control system, qualitative analysis of operation safety, quantitative analysis, example of application; 4 - conclusion. (J.S.)

  13. Method for Caution Values Calculation of Dissolved Gases in Transformers Based on Statistical Distribution and Correlation Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xuelei; LI Qingmin; LI Chengrong; YANG Rui; GAO Shuguo

    2013-01-01

    Before diagnosed by DGA (dissolved gas analysis) methods,gas caution values,which index the level of gas formation,must be used to evaluate the possibility of incipient faults to reduce the misdiagnosis in the normal state.However,the calculation of these values is now only based on cumulative percentile method without taking into account operating conditions.To overcome this disadvantage,a new approach to calculate the transformer caution values is presented.This approach is based on statistical distribution and correlation analysis,and it takes the individual variation and fluctuation caused by intemal and external factors into consideration.Then 6550 transformer DGA data collected from North China Power Grid are analyzed in this paper.The results show that the volume fraction of TH (total hydrocarbon)approximately obeys normal distribution when the 3-sigma rule is used to calculate its caution value.The volume fraction of CO has a strong positive correlation with oil temperature.For H2,the negative correlation with oil temperature is significant when the volume fraction is not very low.The caution value curves for CO and H2 are obtained by regression analyses.Thus,the gas caution values/curves obtained using the new method are not always constant,but vary with oil temperature,which is an advantage of the proposed method compared with cumulative percentile method.The variation of gas caution values/curves also reflects the influence of the external factors,for instance,varying with monitoring time ensures that the gas caution values are always consistent with operating status.

  14. Air sampling procedures to evaluate microbial contamination: a comparison between active and passive methods in operating theatres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Napoli Christian

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Since air can play a central role as a reservoir for microorganisms, in controlled environments such as operating theatres regular microbial monitoring is useful to measure air quality and identify critical situations. The aim of this study is to assess microbial contamination levels in operating theatres using both an active and a passive sampling method and then to assess if there is a correlation between the results of the two different sampling methods. Methods The study was performed in 32 turbulent air flow operating theatres of a University Hospital in Southern Italy. Active sampling was carried out using the Surface Air System and passive sampling with settle plates, in accordance with ISO 14698. The Total Viable Count (TVC was evaluated at rest (in the morning before the beginning of surgical activity and in operational (during surgery. Results The mean TVC at rest was 12.4 CFU/m3 and 722.5 CFU/m2/h for active and passive samplings respectively. The mean in operational TVC was 93.8 CFU/m3 (SD = 52.69; range = 22-256 and 10496.5 CFU/m2/h (SD = 7460.5; range = 1415.5-25479.7 for active and passive samplings respectively. Statistical analysis confirmed that the two methods correlate in a comparable way with the quality of air. Conclusion It is possible to conclude that both methods can be used for general monitoring of air contamination, such as routine surveillance programs. However, the choice must be made between one or the other to obtain specific information.

  15. Probabilistic power flow using improved Monte Carlo simulation method with correlated wind sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bie, Pei; Zhang, Buhan; Li, Hang; Deng, Weisi; Wu, Jiasi

    2017-01-01

    Probabilistic Power Flow (PPF) is a very useful tool for power system steady-state analysis. However, the correlation among different random injection power (like wind power) brings great difficulties to calculate PPF. Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) and analytical methods are two commonly used methods to solve PPF. MCS has high accuracy but is very time consuming. Analytical method like cumulants method (CM) has high computing efficiency but the cumulants calculating is not convenient when wind power output does not obey any typical distribution, especially when correlated wind sources are considered. In this paper, an Improved Monte Carlo simulation method (IMCS) is proposed. The joint empirical distribution is applied to model different wind power output. This method combines the advantages of both MCS and analytical method. It not only has high computing efficiency, but also can provide solutions with enough accuracy, which is very suitable for on-line analysis.

  16. Study on Correlation and Quantitative Error Estimation Method Among the Splitting Shear Wave Identification Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Xiqiang; Zhou Huilan; Li Hong; Gai Dianguang

    2000-01-01

    Based on the propagation characteristics of shear wave in the anisotropic layers, thecorrelation among several splitting shear-wave identification methods hasbeen studied. Thispaper puts forward the method estimating splitting shear-wave phases and its reliability byusing of the assumption that variance of noise and useful signal data obey normaldistribution. To check the validity of new method, the identification results and errorestimation corresponding to 95% confidence level by analyzing simulation signals have beengiven.

  17. AN IMPROVED CROSS-CORRELATION METHOD FOR (DIGITAL) PARTICLE IMAGE VELOCIMETRY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁文国; 范维澄; 廖光煊; 秦俊

    2001-01-01

    An improved method that brings enhancement in accuracy for the interrogation of (digital) PIV images is described in this paper. This method is based on cross-correlation with discrete window offset, which makes use of a translation of the second interrogation window and rebuilds it considering rotation and shear.The displacement extracted from PIV images is predicted and corrected by means of an iterative procedure. In addition, the displacement vectors are validated at each intermediate of the iteration process. The present improved cross-correlation method is compared with the conventional one in accuracy by interrogation of synthetic and real (digital) PIV images and the interrogation results are discussed.

  18. Correlation-interferometr method of DF with dispersion transformationof complex cross spectrum of signals.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Tsyporenko

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Tо digital method of dispersion cross-correlation DF which differs of subsequent direct determination of delay and proper direction to the source of radio radiation is developed. The compare analyze of fast-acting and error of developed method is executed.

  19. A unified treatment of some perturbed fixed point iterative methods with an infinite pool of operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikazad, Touraj; Abbasi, Mokhtar

    2017-04-01

    In this paper, we introduce a subclass of strictly quasi-nonexpansive operators which consists of well-known operators as paracontracting operators (e.g., strictly nonexpansive operators, metric projections, Newton and gradient operators), subgradient projections, a useful part of cutter operators, strictly relaxed cutter operators and locally strongly Féjer operators. The members of this subclass, which can be discontinuous, may be employed by fixed point iteration methods; in particular, iterative methods used in convex feasibility problems. The closedness of this subclass, with respect to composition and convex combination of operators, makes it useful and remarkable. Another advantage with members of this subclass is the possibility to adapt them to handle convex constraints. We give convergence result, under mild conditions, for a perturbation resilient iterative method which is based on an infinite pool of operators in this subclass. The perturbation resilient iterative methods are relevant and important for their possible use in the framework of the recently developed superiorization methodology for constrained minimization problems. To assess the convergence result, the class of operators and the assumed conditions, we illustrate some extensions of existence research works and some new results.

  20. A New Extension Theory-based Production Operation Method in Industrial Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Yuan; ZHU Qunxiong

    2013-01-01

    To explore the problems of dynamic change in production demand and operating contradiction in production process,a new extension theory-based production operation method is proposed.The core is the demand requisition,contradiction resolution and operation classification.For the demand requisition,the deep and comprehensive demand elements are collected by the conjugating analysis.For the contradiction resolution,the conflict between the demand and operating elements are solved by the extension reasoning,extension transformation and consistency judgment.For the operating classification,the operating importance among the operating elements is calculated by the extension clustering so as to guide the production operation and ensure the production safety.Through the actual application in the cascade reaction process of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) of a chemicalplant,cases study and comparison show that the proposed extension theory-based production operation method is significantly better than the traditional experience-based operation method in actual production process,which exploits a new way to the research on the production operating methods for industrial process.

  1. Variational multiparticle-multihole configuration mixing method applied to pairing correlations in nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Pillet, N; Caurier, E

    2008-01-01

    Applying a variational multiparticle-multihole configuration mixing method whose purpose is to include correlations beyond the mean field in a unified way without particle number and Pauli principle violations, we investigate pairing-like correlations in the ground states of $ ^{116}$Sn,$ ^{106}$Sn and $ ^{100}$Sn. The same effective nucleon-nucleon interaction namely, the D1S parameterization of the Gogny force is used to derive both the mean field and correlation components of nuclear wave functions. Calculations are performed using an axially symetric representation. The structure of correlated wave functions, their convergence with respect to the number of particle-hole excitations and the influence of correlations on single-particle level spectra and occupation probabilities are analyzed and compared with results obtained with the same two-body effective interaction from BCS, Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov and particle number projected after variation BCS approaches. Calculations of nuclear radii and the first ...

  2. Spectral and network methods in the analysis of correlation matrices of stock returns

    CERN Document Server

    Heimo, T; Onnela, J P; Saramäki, J; Heimo, Tapio; Kaski, Kimmo; Onnela, Jukka-Pekka; Saramaki, Jari

    2007-01-01

    Correlation matrices inferred from stock return time series contain information on the behaviour of the market, especially on clusters of highly correlating stocks. Here we study a subset of New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) traded stocks and compare three different methods of analysis: i) spectral analysis, i.e. investigation of the eigenvalue-eigenvector pairs of the correlation matrix, ii) asset trees, obtained by constructing the maximal spanning tree of the correlation matrix, and iii) asset graphs, which are networks in which the strongest correlations are depicted as edges. We illustrate and discuss the localisation of the most significant modes of fluctuation, i.e. eigenvectors corresponding to the largest eigenvalues, on the asset trees and graphs.

  3. Information and treatment of unknown correlations in the combination of measurements using the BLUE method

    CERN Document Server

    Valassi, A

    2014-01-01

    We discuss the effect of large positive correlations in the combinations of several measurements of a single physical quantity using the Best Linear Unbiased Estimate (BLUE) method. We suggest a new approach for comparing the relative weights of the different measurements in their contributions to the combined knowledge about the unknown parameter, using the well-established concept of Fisher information. We argue, in particular, that one contribution to information comes from the collective interplay of the measurements through their correlations and that this contribution cannot be attributed to any of the individual measurements alone. We show that negative coefficients in the BLUE weighted average invariably indicate the presence of a regime of high correlations, where the effect of further increasing some of these correlations is that of reducing the error on the combined estimate. In these regimes, we stress that the correlations provided as input to BLUE combinations need to be assessed with extreme ca...

  4. Ground State Correlations Using exp(S) Method for the Argonne-v18 Potential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heisenberg, Jochen; Mihaila, Bogdan

    1997-04-01

    We use the Argonne-v18 potential together with the phenomenological three-nucleon interaction to do the calculation of the mean-field single particle wave functions and the correlation operator S for ^16O. Our correlation operator includes the contributions from up to 4p4h terms. From the three-nucleon interaction we include only those terms that can be written as a density dependent two-body term. We present a breakdown of the contributions to the binding from the two- and the three-body interactions. The one- and the two-body densities for ^16O are presented. Effects of the center-of-mass correction on the charge density and form factor are also discussed.

  5. Methods for continuous direct carbon fuel cell operation with a circulating electrolyte slurry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harjes, Daniel I.; Dineen, Jr., D. Andrew; Guo, Liang; Calo, Joseph M.; Bloomfield, Valerie J.

    2017-02-07

    The present invention relates to methods and systems related to fuel cells, and in particular, to direct carbon fuel cells. The methods and systems relate to cleaning and removal of components utilized and produced during operation of the fuel cell, regeneration of components utilized during operation of the fuel cell, and generating power using the fuel cell.

  6. A Manual of Simplified Laboratory Methods for Operators of Wastewater Treatment Facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westerhold, Arnold F., Ed.; Bennett, Ernest C., Ed.

    This manual is designed to provide the small wastewater treatment plant operator, as well as the new or inexperienced operator, with simplified methods for laboratory analysis of water and wastewater. It is emphasized that this manual is not a replacement for standard methods but a guide for plants with insufficient equipment to perform analyses…

  7. Methods for continuous direct carbon fuel cell operation with a circulating electrolyte slurry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harjes, Daniel I.; Dineen, Jr., D. Andrew; Guo, Liang; Calo, Joseph M.; Bloomfield, Valerie J.

    2017-02-07

    The present invention relates to methods and systems related to fuel cells, and in particular, to direct carbon fuel cells. The methods and systems relate to cleaning and removal of components utilized and produced during operation of the fuel cell, regeneration of components utilized during operation of the fuel cell, and generating power using the fuel cell.

  8. 49 CFR 192.945 - What methods must an operator use to measure program effectiveness?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Transmission Pipeline Integrity Management § 192.945 What methods must an operator use to measure program effectiveness? (a) General. An operator must include in its integrity management program methods to measure, on... § 192.7), section 9.4, and the specific measures for each identified threat specified in ASME/ANSI...

  9. Shale characteristics impact on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR fluid typing methods and correlations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Mehana

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The development of shale reservoirs has brought a paradigm shift in the worldwide energy equation. This entails developing robust techniques to properly evaluate and unlock the potential of those reservoirs. The application of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance techniques in fluid typing and properties estimation is well-developed in conventional reservoirs. However, Shale reservoirs characteristics like pore size, organic matter, clay content, wettability, adsorption, and mineralogy would limit the applicability of the used interpretation methods and correlation. Some of these limitations include the inapplicability of the controlling equations that were derived assuming fast relaxation regime, the overlap of different fluids peaks and the lack of robust correlation to estimate fluid properties in shale. This study presents a state-of-the-art review of the main contributions presented on fluid typing methods and correlations in both experimental and theoretical side. The study involves Dual Tw, Dual Te, and doping agent's application, T1-T2, D-T2 and T2sec vs. T1/T2 methods. In addition, fluid properties estimation such as density, viscosity and the gas-oil ratio is discussed. This study investigates the applicability of these methods along with a study of the current fluid properties correlations and their limitations. Moreover, it recommends the appropriate method and correlation which are capable of tackling shale heterogeneity.

  10. REVA Advanced Fuel Design and Codes and Methods - Increasing Reliability, Operating Margin and Efficiency in Operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frichet, A.; Mollard, P.; Gentet, G.; Lippert, H. J.; Curva-Tivig, F.; Cole, S.; Garner, N.

    2014-07-01

    Since three decades, AREVA has been incrementally implementing upgrades in the BWR and PWR Fuel design and codes and methods leading to an ever greater fuel efficiency and easier licensing. For PWRs, AREVA is implementing upgraded versions of its HTP{sup T}M and AFA 3G technologies called HTP{sup T}M-I and AFA3G-I. These fuel assemblies feature improved robustness and dimensional stability through the ultimate optimization of their hold down system, the use of Q12, the AREVA advanced quaternary alloy for guide tube, the increase in their wall thickness and the stiffening of the spacer to guide tube connection. But an even bigger step forward has been achieved a s AREVA has successfully developed and introduces to the market the GAIA product which maintains the resistance to grid to rod fretting (GTRF) of the HTP{sup T}M product while providing addition al thermal-hydraulic margin and high resistance to Fuel Assembly bow. (Author)

  11. Simulation of a Martian Solar Thermal Power Plant - Diurnal Operation and Power-Efficiency Correlations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badescu, V.; Popescu, G.; Feidt, M.

    A solar thermal power plant operating on Mars surface is analyzed in this work. During analysis meteorological data measured at Viking Landers (VL) sites were used. Our results show that during autumn at VL1 site, properly designed thermal power plant based on flat - plate solar collectors are comparable in performance with PV- based power systems. During a winter dust-storm day the maximum output power is much smaller than during autumn. High efficiency thermal engines is recommended to be used in combination with solar collectors kept perpendicular on Sun's rays. When a horizontal solar collector is considered, the dependence of the maximum output power on optimum solar efficiency seems to be quadratic at both VL1 and VL2 sites. When a collector perpendicular on Sun's rays is considered, this dependence is more complicate, but keeps the quadratic feature. A certain optimum solar efficiency threshold (around 5%) must be exceeded in order the system provide useful power. No obvious difference exists between power plant performance in the two years of VL2 operation.

  12. Research on Control Method Based on Real-Time Operational Reliability Evaluation for Space Manipulator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yifan Wang

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A control method based on real-time operational reliability evaluation for space manipulator is presented for improving the success rate of a manipulator during the execution of a task. In this paper, a method for quantitative analysis of operational reliability is given when manipulator is executing a specified task; then a control model which could control the quantitative operational reliability is built. First, the control process is described by using a state space equation. Second, process parameters are estimated in real time using Bayesian method. Third, the expression of the system's real-time operational reliability is deduced based on the state space equation and process parameters which are estimated using Bayesian method. Finally, a control variable regulation strategy which considers the cost of control is given based on the Theory of Statistical Process Control. It is shown via simulations that this method effectively improves the operational reliability of space manipulator control system.

  13. How to combine correlated data sets-A Bayesian hyperparameter matrix method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Y.-Z.; Berndsen, A.

    2014-07-01

    We construct a “hyperparameter matrix” statistical method for performing the joint analyses of multiple correlated astronomical data sets, in which the weights of data sets are determined by their own statistical properties. This method is a generalization of the hyperparameter method constructed by Lahav et al. (2000) and Hobson et al. (2002) which was designed to combine independent data sets. The advantage of our method is to treat correlations between multiple data sets and gives appropriate relevant weights of multiple data sets with mutual correlations. We define a new “element-wise” product, which greatly simplifies the likelihood function with hyperparameter matrix. We rigorously prove the simplified formula of the joint likelihood and show that it recovers the original hyperparameter method in the limit of no covariance between data sets. We then illustrate the method by applying it to a demonstrative toy model of fitting a straight line to two sets of data. We show that the hyperparameter matrix method can detect unaccounted systematic errors or underestimated errors in the data sets. Additionally, the ratio of Bayes' factors provides a distinct indicator of the necessity of including hyperparameters. Our example shows that the likelihood we construct for joint analyses of correlated data sets can be widely applied to many astrophysical systems.

  14. Comparison of explicitly correlated local coupled-cluster methods with various choices of virtual orbitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krause, Christine; Werner, Hans-Joachim

    2012-06-07

    Explicitly correlated local coupled-cluster (LCCSD-F12) methods with pair natural orbitals (PNOs), orbital specific virtual orbitals (OSVs), and projected atomic orbitals (PAOs) are compared. In all cases pair-specific virtual subspaces (domains) are used, and the convergence of the correlation energy as a function of the domain sizes is studied. Furthermore, the performance of the methods for reaction energies of 52 reactions involving 58 small and medium sized molecules is investigated. It is demonstrated that for all choices of virtual orbitals much smaller domains are needed in the explicitly correlated methods than without the explicitly correlated terms, since the latter correct a large part of the domain error, as found previously. For PNO-LCCSD-F12 with VTZ-F12 basis sets on the average only 20 PNOs per pair are needed to obtain reaction energies with a root mean square deviation of less than 1 kJ mol(-1) from complete basis set estimates. With OSVs or PAOs at least 4 times larger domains are needed for the same accuracy. A new hybrid method that combines the advantages of the OSV and PNO methods is proposed and tested. While in the current work the different local methods are only simulated using a conventional CCSD program, the implications for low-order scaling local implementations of the various methods are discussed.

  15. How to combine correlated data sets -- A Bayesian hyperparameter matrix method

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Yin-Zhe

    2013-01-01

    We construct a statistical method for performing the joint analyses of multiple correlated astronomical data sets, in which the weights of data sets are determined by their own statistical properties. This method is a generalization of the hyperparameter method constructed by \\cite{Lahav00} and \\cite{Hobson02} which was designed to combine independent data sets. The hyperparameter matrix method we present here includes the relevant weights of multiple data sets and mutual correlations, and when the hyperparameters are marginalized over, the parameters of interest are recovered. We define a new "element-wise" product, which greatly simplifies the likelihood function with hyperparameter matrix. We rigorously prove the simplified formula of the joint likelihood and show that it recovers the original hyperparameter method in the limit of no covariance between data sets. We then illustrate the method by applying a classic model of fitting a straight line to two sets of data. We show that the hyperparameter matrix ...

  16. Correlation between hydrological drought, climatic factors, reservoir operation, and vegetation cover in the Xijiang Basin, South China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Qingxia; Wu, Zhiyong; Singh, Vijay P.; Sadeghi, S. H. R.; He, Hai; Lu, Guihua

    2017-06-01

    The Xijiang River is known as the Golden Watercourse because of its role in the development of the Pearl River Delta Regional Economic System in China, which was made possible by its abundant water resources. At present, the hydrological regime of the Xijiang River has now become complicated, the water shortages and successive droughts pose a threat to regional economic development. However, the complexity of hydroclimatological processes with emphasizes on drought has not been comprehended. In order to effectively predict and develop the adaptation strategies to cope with the water scarcity damage caused by hydrological droughts, it is essential to thoroughly analyze the relationship between hydrological droughts and pre/post-dependent hydroclimatological factors. To accomplish this, the extreme-point symmetric mode decomposition method (ESMD) was utilized to reveal the periodic variation in hydrological droughts that is characterized by the Standardized Drought Index (SDI). In addition, the cross-wavelet transform method was applied to investigate the correlation between large-scale climate indices and drought. The results showed that hydrological drought had the most significant response to spring ENSO (El Niño-Southern Oscillation), and the response lags in sub-basins were mostly 8-9 months except that in Yujiang River were mainly 5 or 8 months. Signal reservoir operation in the Yujiang River reduced drought severity by 52-95.8% from January to April over the 2003-2014 time period. Similarly, the cascade reservoir alleviated winter and spring droughts in the Hongshuihe River Basin. However, autumn drought was aggravated with severity increased by 41.9% in September and by 160.9% in October, so that the land surface models without considering human intervention must be used with caution in the hydrological simulation. The response lags of the VCI (Vegetation Condition Index) to hydrological drought were different in the sub-basins. The response lag for the

  17. The Impact of Operating Parameters and Correlated Parameters for Extended BWR Burnup Credit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ade, Brian J. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Marshall, William B. J. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Ilas, Germina [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Betzler, Benjamin R. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Bowman, Stephen M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2017-06-01

    Applicants for certificates of compliance for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) transportation and dry storage systems perform analyses to demonstrate that these systems are adequately subcritical per the requirements of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR) Parts 71 and 72. For pressurized water reactor (PWR) SNF, these analyses may credit the reduction in assembly reactivity caused by depletion of fissile nuclides and buildup of neutron-absorbing nuclides during power operation. This credit for reactivity reduction during depletion is commonly referred to as burnup credit (BUC). US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff review BUC analyses according to the guidance in the Division of Spent Fuel Storage and Transportation Interim Staff Guidance (ISG) 8, Revision 3, Burnup Credit in the Criticality Safety Analyses of PWR Spent Fuel in Transportation and Storage Casks.

  18. Correlates of team effectiveness: An exploratory study of firefighter's operations during emergency situations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jouanne, Elise; Charron, Camilo; Chauvin, Christine; Morel, Gaël

    2017-05-01

    This paper examines elements contributing to the effectiveness of firefighting teams carrying out typical tasks. Fourteen firefighter crews were filmed during nineteen real operations and answered questionnaires relating to psychosocial dimensions. Results have shown that "enriched closed-loops" of communication, positive emotional interactions and a "gamma" type of adaptation are positively related to team effectiveness. Conversely, open and incomplete loops of communication, negative emotional interactions, "beta" and "alpha" types of adaptation are negatively related to team effectiveness. Furthermore, there is a mediated link between organisational trust and motivation on the one hand and team effectiveness on the other. These findings highlight the necessity to consider both cognitive and psychosocial variables to account for team effectiveness in the firefighting profession. They also emphasize the need to expand firefighter training to the "non-technical" aspects of the competence.

  19. Verification of Engineering-Geological/Geotechnical Correlation Column and Reference Level of Correlation (RNK) Method by Observations in the Slip-Plane Zone

    OpenAIRE

    Jurak, V.; Ortolan, Ž.; Slovenec, D.; Mihalinec, Z.

    2004-01-01

    The engineering-geological/geotechnical correlation column can be established in zones of limited extent using one or several characteristic layers, one of which is selected as the reference layer. The Reference Level of Correlation method, i.e. the RNK (Referentni nivo korelacije in Croatian) method, is a confirmed procedure enabling the establishment of such columns. In the engineering geological/geotechnical correlation column, the plasticity index is the most significant indicator of the ...

  20. Linear methods for input scenes restoration from signals of optical-digital pattern recognition correlator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starikov, Sergey N.; Konnik, Mikhail V.; Manykin, Edward A.; Rodin, Vladislav G.

    2009-04-01

    Linear methods of restoration of input scene's images in optical-digital correlators are described. Relatively low signal to noise ratio of a camera's photo sensor and extensional PSF's size are special features of considered optical-digital correlator. RAW-files of real correlation signals obtained by digital photo sensor were used for input scene's images restoration. It is shown that modified evolution method, which employs regularization by Tikhonov, is better among linear deconvolution methods. As a regularization term, an inverse signal to noise ratio as a function of spatial frequencies was used. For additional improvement of restoration's quality, noise analysis of boundary areas of the image to be reconstructed was performed. Experimental results on digital restoration of input scene's images are presented.

  1. The feasibility and application of gray scale adjustment method in high temperature digital image correlation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shen; Yao, Xue Feng; Su, Yun Quan; Liu, Wei

    2017-02-01

    In this paper, the basic principle and application of linear gray scale adjustment method are investigated in high temperature digital image correlation (DIC) technology. First, the simple linear gray scale adjustment method is proposed, which can adjust the gray scale value of the saturated pixels and diminish the correlation error caused by the saturated pixels. Then, both the simulated high temperature images and DIC correlation results before and after the gray scale adjustment are provided and analyzed to verify its effectiveness, in which the displacement error decreased from 0.1 pixels to 0.04 pixels after the linear gray scale adjustment for high temperature images. Finally, the linear gray scale adjustment method is used to extract the displacement with high accuracy in high temperature experiment of SiC specimen, and the displacement error decreased from 0.5 pixels to 0.1 pixels after the linear gray scale adjustment.

  2. The Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery and LapVR evaluation metrics may not correlate with operative performance in a novice cohort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah N. Steigerwald

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Considerable resources have been invested in both low- and high-fidelity simulators in surgical training. The purpose of this study was to investigate if the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS, low-fidelity box trainer and LapVR (high-fidelity virtual reality training systems correlate with operative performance on the Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills (GOALS global rating scale using a porcine cholecystectomy model in a novice surgical group with minimal laparoscopic experience. Methods: Fourteen postgraduate year 1 surgical residents with minimal laparoscopic experience performed tasks from the FLS program and the LapVR simulator as well as a live porcine laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Performance was evaluated using standardized FLS metrics, automatic computer evaluations, and a validated global rating scale. Results: Overall, FLS score did not show an association with GOALS global rating scale score on the porcine cholecystectomy. None of the five LapVR task scores were significantly associated with GOALS score on the porcine cholecystectomy. Conclusions: Neither the low-fidelity box trainer or the high-fidelity virtual simulator demonstrated significant correlation with GOALS operative scores. These findings offer caution against the use of these modalities for brief assessments of novice surgical trainees, especially for predictive or selection purposes.

  3. An Application of Two Experimental Modal Analysis Methods for the Determination of Operational Deflection Shapes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kromulski, J.; Hojan, E.

    1996-10-01

    Two methods are presented for the determination of operational deflection shapes (ODSs). The first method allows one to determine the ODSs by measuring mechanical vibrations at test points of the operating machine (created by the forces occurring in the actual work cycle). The second method is based on the modal model of the machine, including the forces which occur in the operation process, and yields the operational modes of vibration. The forces introduced into the model are determined by methods of pseudo-inversion of the matrix of the spectral transmissibility functions of the mechanical system and the vector of operating vibrations. The determination of the forces involved is necessary for the definition of the paths of energy transfer and the analysis of the noise emitted by the mechanical system (machine).

  4. A divergence-free method to extract observables from correlation functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Si-xue Qin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Correlation functions provide information on the properties of mesons in vacuum and of hot nuclear matter. In this work, we present a new method to derive a well-defined spectral representation for correlation functions. Combining this method with the quark gap equation and the inhomogeneous Bethe–Salpeter equation in the rainbow-ladder approximation, we calculate in-vacuum masses of light mesons and the electrical conductivity of the quark–gluon plasma. The analysis can be extended to other observables of strong-interaction systems.

  5. High Resolution Pulse Compression Imaging Using Super Resolution FM-Chirp Correlation Method (SCM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujiwara, M.; Okubo, K.; Tagawa, N.

    This study addresses the issue of the super-resolution pulse compression technique (PCT) for ultrasound imaging. Time resolution of multiple ultrasonic echoes using the FM-Chirp PCT is limited by the bandwidth of the sweep-frequency. That is, the resolution depends on the sharpness of auto-correlation function. We propose the Super resolution FM-Chirp correlation Method (SCM) and evaluate its performance. This method is based on the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) algorithm. Our simulations were made for the model assuming multiple signals reflected from some scatterers. We confirmed that SCM detects time delay of complicated reflected signals successfully with high resolution.

  6. Correlation methods of base-level cycle based on wavelet neural network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The authors discussed the method of wavelet neural network (WNN) for correlation of base-level cycle. A new vectored method of well log data was proposed. Through the training with the known data set, the WNN can remenber the cycle pattern characteristic of the well log curves. By the trained WNN to identify the cycle pattern in the vectored log data, the ocrrelation process among the well cycles was completed. The application indicates that it is highly efficient and reliable in base-level cycle correlation.

  7. A New Wavelet Threshold Determination Method Considering Interscale Correlation in Signal Denoising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Can He

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to simple calculation and good denoising effect, wavelet threshold denoising method has been widely used in signal denoising. In this method, the threshold is an important parameter that affects the denoising effect. In order to improve the denoising effect of the existing methods, a new threshold considering interscale correlation is presented. Firstly, a new correlation index is proposed based on the propagation characteristics of the wavelet coefficients. Then, a threshold determination strategy is obtained using the new index. At the end of the paper, a simulation experiment is given to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method. In the experiment, four benchmark signals are used as test signals. Simulation results show that the proposed method can achieve a good denoising effect under various signal types, noise intensities, and thresholding functions.

  8. Method for measuring radial impurity emission profiles using correlations of line integrated signals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuldkepp, M.; Brunsell, P. R.; Drake, J.; Menmuir, S.; Rachlew, E.

    2006-04-01

    A method of determining radial impurity emission profiles is outlined. The method uses correlations between line integrated signals and is based on the assumption of cylindrically symmetric fluctuations. Measurements at the reversed field pinch EXTRAP T2R show that emission from impurities expected to be close to the edge is clearly different in raw as well as analyzed data to impurities expected to be more central. Best fitting of experimental data to simulated correlation coefficients yields emission profiles that are remarkably close to emission profiles determined using more conventional techniques. The radial extension of the fluctuations is small enough for the method to be used and bandpass filtered signals indicate that fluctuations below 10kHz are cylindrically symmetric. The novel method is not sensitive to vessel window attenuation or wall reflections and can therefore complement the standard methods in the impurity emission reconstruction procedure.

  9. Fungible Correlation Matrices: A Method for Generating Nonsingular, Singular, and Improper Correlation Matrices for Monte Carlo Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waller, Niels G

    2016-01-01

    For a fixed set of standardized regression coefficients and a fixed coefficient of determination (R-squared), an infinite number of predictor correlation matrices will satisfy the implied quadratic form. I call such matrices fungible correlation matrices. In this article, I describe an algorithm for generating positive definite (PD), positive semidefinite (PSD), or indefinite (ID) fungible correlation matrices that have a random or fixed smallest eigenvalue. The underlying equations of this algorithm are reviewed from both algebraic and geometric perspectives. Two simulation studies illustrate that fungible correlation matrices can be profitably used in Monte Carlo research. The first study uses PD fungible correlation matrices to compare penalized regression algorithms. The second study uses ID fungible correlation matrices to compare matrix-smoothing algorithms. R code for generating fungible correlation matrices is presented in the supplemental materials.

  10. Expanding the Applicability of a Third Order Newton-Type Method Free of Bilinear Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Amat

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper is devoted to the semilocal convergence, using centered hypotheses, of a third order Newton-type method in a Banach space setting. The method is free of bilinear operators and then interesting for the solution of systems of equations. Without imposing any type of Fréchet differentiability on the operator, a variant using divided differences is also analyzed. A variant of the method using only divided differences is also presented.

  11. Renormalization of transition matrix elements of particle number operators due to strong electron correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fukushima, Noboru, E-mail: noboru.fukushima@gmail.com [Motomachi 13-23, Sanjo, Niigata 955-0072 (Japan)

    2011-02-18

    Renormalization of non-magnetic and magnetic impurities due to electron double-occupancy prohibition is derived analytically by an improved Gutzwiller approximation. Non-magnetic impurities are effectively weakened by the same renormalization factor as that for the hopping amplitude, whereas magnetic impurities are strengthened by the square root of the spin-exchange renormalization factor, in contrast to results by the conventional Gutzwiller approximation. We demonstrate it by showing that transition matrix elements of number operators between assumed excited states and between an assumed ground state and excited states are renormalized differently than diagonal matrix elements. Deviation from such simple renormalization with a factor is also discussed. In addition, as a related calculation, we correct an error in treatment of the renormalization of charge interaction in the literature. Namely, terms from the second order of the transition matrix elements are strongly suppressed. Since all these results do not depend on the signs of impurity potential or the charge interaction parameter, they are valid both in attractive and repulsive cases.

  12. The Variance-covariance Method using IOWGA Operator for Tourism Forecast Combination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liangping Wu

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Three combination methods commonly used in tourism forecasting are the simple average method, the variance-covariance method and the discounted MSFE method. These methods assign the different weights that can not change at each time point to each individual forecasting model. In this study, we introduce the IOWGA operator combination method which can overcome the defect of previous three combination methods into tourism forecasting. Moreover, we further investigate the performance of the four combination methods through the theoretical evaluation and the forecasting evaluation. The results of the theoretical evaluation show that the IOWGA operator combination method obtains extremely well performance and outperforms the other forecast combination methods. Furthermore, the IOWGA operator combination method can be of well forecast performance and performs almost the same to the variance-covariance combination method for the forecasting evaluation. The IOWGA operator combination method mainly reflects the maximization of improving forecasting accuracy and the variance-covariance combination method mainly reflects the decrease of the forecast error. For future research, it may be worthwhile introducing and examining other new combination methods that may improve forecasting accuracy or employing other techniques to control the time for updating the weights in combined forecasts.

  13. Correlation imaging method based on local wavenumber for interpreting magnetic data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Guoqing; Liu, Cai; Xu, Jiashu; Meng, Qingfa

    2017-03-01

    Depth estimation is a general task in the interpretation of magnetic data, and local wavenumber is an effective tool to accomplish this task, but this method requires the structural index of causative source when applies it to compute the depth of the source, which is hard to obtain for an unknown area. In this paper, we suggested a correlation imaging method to interpret magnetic data, which uses the correlation coefficient of local wavenumber of real magnetic data and transformative local wavenumber of synthetic magnetic data generated by assumed source to estimate the location of the source, and this method does not require any priori information of the source and does not require solving any matrix. The computation steps as follows, first, we assume that the causative sources are distributed regularly as a rectangular grid, and then separately compute the correlation coefficient of the local wavenumber of real data and local wavenumber of the anomaly generated by each assumed source, and the correlation coefficient gets maximum when the location parameters of the assumed source are in accord with the true locations of real sources. The synthetic tested results show that this method can obtain the location of magnetic source effectively and correctly, and is insensitive to magnetization direction and noise. This method is also applied to measured magnetic data, and get the location parameters of the source.

  14. A Proposal of Operational Risk Management Method Using FMEA for Drug Manufacturing Computerized System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Masakazu; Nanba, Reiji; Fukue, Yoshinori

    This paper proposes operational Risk Management (RM) method using Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) for drug manufacturing computerlized system (DMCS). The quality of drug must not be influenced by failures and operational mistakes of DMCS. To avoid such situation, DMCS has to be conducted enough risk assessment and taken precautions. We propose operational RM method using FMEA for DMCS. To propose the method, we gathered and compared the FMEA results of DMCS, and develop a list that contains failure modes, failures and countermeasures. To apply this list, we can conduct RM in design phase, find failures, and conduct countermeasures efficiently. Additionally, we can find some failures that have not been found yet.

  15. A spectral synthesis method to suppress aliasing and calibrate for delay errors in Fourier transform correlators

    CERN Document Server

    Kaneko, Tak

    2008-01-01

    Context: Fourier transform (or lag) correlators in radio interferometers can serve as an efficient means of synthesising spectral channels. However aliasing corrupts the edge channels so they usually have to be excluded from the data set. In systems with around 10 channels, the loss in sensitivity can be significant. In addition, the low level of residual aliasing in the remaining channels may cause systematic errors. Moreover, delay errors have been widely reported in implementations of broadband analogue correlators and simulations have shown that delay errors exasperate the effects of aliasing. Aims: We describe a software-based approach that suppresses aliasing by oversampling the cross-correlation function. This method can be applied to interferometers with individually-tracking antennas equipped with a discrete path compensator system. It is based on the well-known property of interferometers where the drift scan response is the Fourier transform of the source's band-limited spectrum. Methods: In this p...

  16. Method for vessel attitude estimation by spatial correlation function for bottom reverberation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FENG Lei; DENG Kai; WANG Changhong

    2006-01-01

    Under the assumption that the sea bottom is an almost-flat and randomly rough thin layer, a spatial correlation model for bottom reverberation is constructed. At high signal noise ratio, the phase of the spatial correlation function is the product of sound wave number and the vertical vector between two hydrophones. In a nominally horizontal plane, roll and pitch bring on the vertical vector between the hydrophones. Then an equation including roll, pitch and the phase of the spatial correlation function is found. If a parallelogram can be constructed by 3 hydrophones and the ratios of its acreage to diagonals are not smaller than half of the wavelength, roll and pitch can be obtained analytically or by optimal method. However, the ranges of roll and pitch are restricted because of the phase ambiguity. Using Fisher information matrix, the Cramer-Rao lower bound is obtained. Results from computer simulation and sea test data prove the feasibility of the method.

  17. Second order explicitly correlated R12 theory revisited: a second quantization framework for treatment of the operators' partitionings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noga, Jozef; Kedzuch, Stanislav; Simunek, Ján

    2007-07-21

    Second order R12 theory is presented and derived alternatively using the second quantized hole-particle formalism. We have shown that in order to ensure the strong orthogonality between the R12 and the conventional part of the wave function, the explicit use of projection operators can be easily avoided by an appropriate partitioning of the involved operators to parts which are fully describable within the computational orbital basis and complementary parts that involve imaginary orbitals from the complete orbital basis. Various Hamiltonian splittings are discussed and computationally investigated for a set of nine molecules and their atomization energies. If no generalized Brillouin condition is assumed, with all relevant partitionings the one-particle contribution arising in the explicitly correlated part of the first order wave function has to be considered and has a significant role when smaller atomic orbital basis sets are used. The most appropriate Hamiltonian splitting results if one follows the conventional perturbation theory for a general non-Hartree-Fock reference. Then, no couplings between the R12 part and the conventional part arise within the first order wave function. The computationally most favorable splitting when the whole complementary part of the Hamiltonian is treated as a perturbation fails badly. These conclusions also apply to MP2-F12 approaches with different correlation factors.

  18. Knee dislocations: a magnetic resonance imaging study correlated with clinical and operative findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bui, Kimmie L. [Cleveland Clinic, Department of Radiology, Cleveland, OH (United States); Cleveland Clinic, Department of Radiology, HB6, Cleveland, OH (United States); Ilaslan, Hakan; Sundaram, Murali [Cleveland Clinic, Department of Radiology, Cleveland, OH (United States); Parker, Richard D. [Cleveland Clinic, Department of Orthopaedics, Cleveland, OH (United States)

    2008-07-15

    Our objectives were to determine retrospectively the prevalence, patients' demographics, mechanism of injury, combination of torn ligaments, associated intra-articular and extra-articular injuries, fractures, bone bruises, femoral-tibial alignment and neurovascular complications of knee dislocations as evaluated by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. From 17,698 consecutive knee examinations by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) over a 6-year period, 20 patients with knee dislocations were identified. The medical records of these patients were subsequently reviewed for relevant clinical history, management and operative findings. The prevalence of knee dislocations was 0.11% [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.06-0.16]. There were 16 male patients and four female patients, with ages ranging from 15 years to 76 years (mean 31 years). Fifteen patients had low-velocity injuries (75%), of which 11 were amateur sports related and four were from falls. Four patients (20%) had suffered high-velocity trauma (motor vehicle accidents). One patient had no history available. Anatomic alignment was present at imaging in 16 patients (80%). Eighteen patients had three-ligament tears, two had four-ligament tears. The four-ligament tears occurred with low-velocity injuries. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) were torn in every patient; the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) was torn in 50%, and the medial collateral ligament (MCL) in 60%. Intra-articular injuries included meniscal tears (five in four patients), fractures (eight in seven patients), bone bruises (15 patients), and patellar retinaculum tears (eight partial, two complete). The most common extra-articular injury was a complete biceps femoris tendon tear (five, 25%). There were two popliteal tendon tears and one iliotibial band tear. One patient had received a vascular injury following a motor vehicle accident (MVA) and had been treated prior to undergoing MRI. Bone bruises

  19. Method for operating a spark-ignition, direct-injection internal combustion engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Narayanaswamy, Kushal; Koch, Calvin K.; Najt, Paul M.; Szekely, Jr., Gerald A.; Toner, Joel G.

    2015-06-02

    A spark-ignition, direct-injection internal combustion engine is coupled to an exhaust aftertreatment system including a three-way catalytic converter upstream of an NH3-SCR catalyst. A method for operating the engine includes operating the engine in a fuel cutoff mode and coincidentally executing a second fuel injection control scheme upon detecting an engine load that permits operation in the fuel cutoff mode.

  20. Configurable memory system and method for providing atomic counting operations in a memory device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellofatto, Ralph E.; Gara, Alan G.; Giampapa, Mark E.; Ohmacht, Martin

    2010-09-14

    A memory system and method for providing atomic memory-based counter operations to operating systems and applications that make most efficient use of counter-backing memory and virtual and physical address space, while simplifying operating system memory management, and enabling the counter-backing memory to be used for purposes other than counter-backing storage when desired. The encoding and address decoding enabled by the invention provides all this functionality through a combination of software and hardware.

  1. Subpixel Accuracy Analysis of Phase Correlation Shift Measurement Methods Applied to Satellite Imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.M. Badwai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available the key point of super resolution process is the accurate measuring of sub-pixel shift. Any tiny error in measuring such shift leads to an incorrect image focusing. In this paper, methodology of measuring sub-pixel shift using Phase correlation (PC are evaluated using different window functions, then modified version of (PC method using high pass filter (HPF is introduced . Comprehensive analysis and assessment of (PC methods shows that different natural features yield different shift measurements. It is concluded that there is no universal window function for measuring shift; it mainly depends on the features in the satellite images. Even the question of which window is optimal of particular feature is generally remains open. This paper presents the design of a method for obtaining high accuracy sub pixel shift phase correlation using (HPF.The proposed method makes the change in the different locations that lack of edges easy.

  2. An Innovative Method for Dynamic Characterization of Fan FilterUnit Operation.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Tengfang

    2006-12-21

    Fan filter units (FFU) are widely used to deliver re-circulated air while providing filtration control of particle concentration in controlled environments such as cleanrooms, minienvironments, and operating rooms in hospitals. The objective of this paper is to document an innovative method for characterizing operation and control of an individual fan filter unit within its operable conditions. Built upon the draft laboratory method previously published [1] , this paper presents an updated method including a testing procedure to characterize dynamic operation of fan filter units, i.e., steady-state operation conditions determined by varied control schemes, airflow rates, and pressure differential across the units. The parameters for dynamic characterization include total electric power demand, total pressure efficiency, airflow rate, pressure differential across fan filter units, and airflow uniformity.

  3. Research of aluminium alloy aerospace structure aperture measurement based on 3D digital speckle correlation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Lu; Wang, Hongbo; Zhou, Jiangfan; Yang, Rong; Zhang, Hui

    2014-11-01

    In this paper, the aperture change of the aluminium alloy aerospace structure under real load is researched. Static experiments are carried on which is simulated the load environment of flight course. Compared with the traditional methods, through experiments results, it's proved that 3D digital speckle correlation method has good adaptability and precision on testing aperture change, and it can satisfy measurement on non-contact,real-time 3D deformation or stress concentration. The test results of new method is compared with the traditional method.

  4. Isothermal thermogravimetric analysis of soybean oil oxidation correlated to thin film micro-oxidation test methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    A method of correlation between the Thin Film Micro-Oxidation (TFMO) test with isothermal thermogravimetric analysis is reported utilizing a soybean oil system. Utilizing a kinetic model, pseudo-rate constants and “activation energy” can be calculated from weight loss data. This model accounts for o...

  5. System reliability with correlated components: Accuracy of the Equivalent Planes method

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roscoe, K.; Diermanse, F.; Vrouwenvelder, A.C.W.M.

    2015-01-01

    Computing system reliability when system components are correlated presents a challenge because it usually requires solving multi-fold integrals numerically, which is generally infeasible due to the computational cost. In Dutch flood defense reliability modeling, an efficient method for computing th

  6. OPERATOR-SPLITTING METHODS FOR THE SIMULATION OFBINGHAM VISCO-PLASTIC FLOW

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This article discusses computational methods for the numerical simulation of unsteady Bingham visco-plastic flow. These methods are based on time-discretization by operator-splitting and take advantage of a characterization of the solutions involving some kind of Lagrange multipliers. The full discretization is achieved by combining the above operator-splitting methods with finite element approximations, the advection being treated by a wave-like equation "equivalent" formulation easier to implement than the method of characteristics or high order upwinding methods. The authors illustrate the methodology discussed in this article with the results of numerical experiments concerning the simulation of wall driven cavity Bingham flow in two dimensions.

  7. Experimental investigation of interface curing stresses between PMMA and composite using digital speckle correlation method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper studies the interface curing stresses between polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and composite by means of digital speckle correlation method (DSCM).A new method by combining DSCM with the marker points is developed to measure the interface curing stresses,and the measurement principle is introduced.The interface curing stresses between PMMA and composite with different curing bonding conditions are measured and analyzed,this indicates that the residual stress for furnace heating and furnace cooling ...

  8. The use of photon correlation spectroscopy method for determining diffusion coefficient in brine and herring flesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shumanova M.V.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The process fish salting has been studied by the method of photon correlation spectroscopy; the distribution of salt concentration in the solution and herring flesh with skin has been found, diffusion coefficients and salt concentrations used for creating a mathematical model of the salting technology have been worked out; the possibility of determination by this method the coefficient of dynamic viscosity of solutions and different media (minced meat etc. has been considered

  9. Clinical correlative evaluation of an iterative method for reconstruction of brain SPECT images

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nobili, Flavio E-mail: fnobili@smartino.ge.it; Vitali, Paolo; Calvini, Piero; Bollati, Francesca; Girtler, Nicola; Delmonte, Marta; Mariani, Giuliano; Rodriguez, Guido

    2001-08-01

    Background: Brain SPECT and PET investigations have showed discrepancies in Alzheimer's disease (AD) when considering data deriving from deeply located structures, such as the mesial temporal lobe. These discrepancies could be due to a variety of factors, including substantial differences in gamma-cameras and underlying technology. Mesial temporal structures are deeply located within the brain and the commonly used Filtered Back-Projection (FBP) technique does not fully take into account either the physical parameters of gamma-cameras or geometry of collimators. In order to overcome these limitations, alternative reconstruction methods have been proposed, such as the iterative method of the Conjugate Gradients with modified matrix (CG). However, the clinical applications of these methods have so far been only anecdotal. The present study was planned to compare perfusional SPECT data as derived from the conventional FBP method and from the iterative CG method, which takes into account the geometrical and physical characteristics of the gamma-camera, by a correlative approach with neuropsychology. Methods: Correlations were compared between perfusion of the hippocampal region, as achieved by both the FBP and the CG reconstruction methods, and a short-memory test (Selective Reminding Test, SRT), specifically addressing one of its function. A brain-dedicated camera (CERASPECT) was used for SPECT studies with {sup 99m}Tc-hexamethylpropylene-amine-oxime in 23 consecutive patients (mean age: 74.2{+-}6.5) with mild (Mini-Mental Status Examination score {>=}15, mean 20.3{+-}3), probable AD. Counts from a hippocampal region in each hemisphere were referred to the average thalamic counts. Results: Hippocampal perfusion significantly correlated with the MMSE score with similar statistical significance (p<0.01) between the two reconstruction methods. Correlation between hippocampal perfusion and the SRT score was better with the CG method (r=0.50 for both hemispheres, p<0

  10. Correlation between scatter radiation dose at the height of the operators eye and dose to patient for different angiographies projections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leyton, F.; Nogueira, M. S.; Da Silva, T. A. [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear / CNEN, Post-graduation in Sciences and Technology of Radiations, Minerals and Materials, Pte. Antonio Carlos No. 6627, Belo Horizonte 31270-901, Minas Gerais (Brazil); Gubolino, L.; Pivetta, M. R. [Hospital dos Fornecedores de Cana de Piracicaba, Av. Barao de Valenca 616, 13405-233 Piracicaba (Brazil); Ubeda, C., E-mail: leyton.fernando@gmail.com [Tarapaca University, Health Sciences Faculty, Radiological Sciences Center, Av. Gral. Velasquez 1775, 1000007 Arica, Arica and Parinacota (Chile)

    2015-10-15

    Cases of radiation induced cataract among cardiology professionals have been reported in studies. In view of evidence of radiation injuries, the ICRP recommends limiting the radiation dose to the lens to 20 mSv per year for occupational exposure. The aim of this works was to report scattered radiation doses at the height of the operators eye in an interventional cardiology facility from procedures performed without use of radiation protection devices, correlated with different angiographic projections and operational modes. Measurements were made in a cardiac laboratory with an angiography X-ray system GE equipped with flat-panel detector. PMMA plates of 30 x 30 x 5 cm were used to simulate a patient with a thickness of 20 cm. Two fluoroscopy modes (low and normal, 15 frame/s), cine mode 15 frame/s. Four angiographic projections anterior posterior (Ap), lateral (Lat), left anterior oblique caudal (spider) and left anterior oblique cranial (Lao-45/cra-30) and a cardiac protocol for patient between 70 to 90 kg was used. Measurements of phantom entrance doses rate and scatter doses rate were performed with two Unfors Xi plus. The detector measuring scatter radiation was positioned at the usual distance of the cardiologists eyes during working conditions (1 m from the isocenter and 1.7 m from the floor). There is a good linear correlation between the kerma-area product and scatter dose at the lens. An experimental correlation factor of 2.3; 12.0; 12.2 and 17.6 μSv/Gy cm{sup 2} were found for the Ap, Lao/cra, spider and Lat projections, respectively. The entrance dose of PMMA for fluoroscopy low, medium and cine was 13, 39 and 282 mGy/min, respectively to Ap. (Author)

  11. Relating business intelligence and enterprise architecture - A method for combining operational data with architectural metadata

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veneberg, R.K.M.; Iacob, Maria Eugenia; van Sinderen, Marten J.; Bodenstaff, L.

    Combining enterprise architecture and operational data is complex (especially when considering the actual ‘matching’ of data with enterprise architecture elements), and little has been written on how to do this. In this paper we aim to fill this gap, and propose a method to combine operational data

  12. Relating business intelligence and enterprise architecture - A method for combining operational data with architectural metadata

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veneberg, R.K.M.; Iacob, M.E.; Sinderen, van M.J.; Bodenstaff, L.

    2016-01-01

    Combining enterprise architecture and operational data is complex (especially when considering the actual ‘matching’ of data with enterprise architecture elements), and little has been written on how to do this. In this paper we aim to fill this gap, and propose a method to combine operational data

  13. EXPANSION OF STEP-TRANSITION OPERATOR OF MULTI-STEP METHOD AND ITS APPLICATIONS (I)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi-fa Tang

    2002-01-01

    We expand the step-transition operator of any linear multi-step method with order s ≥ 2 up to O(τs+5). And through examples we show how much the perturbation of the step-transition operator caused by the error of initial value is.

  14. How to use linear regression and correlation in quantitative method comparison studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twomey, P J; Kroll, M H

    2008-04-01

    Linear regression methods try to determine the best linear relationship between data points while correlation coefficients assess the association (as opposed to agreement) between the two methods. Linear regression and correlation play an important part in the interpretation of quantitative method comparison studies. Their major strength is that they are widely known and as a result both are employed in the vast majority of method comparison studies. While previously performed by hand, the availability of statistical packages means that regression analysis is usually performed by software packages including MS Excel, with or without the software programe Analyze-it as well as by other software packages. Such techniques need to be employed in a way that compares the agreement between the two methods examined and more importantly, because we are dealing with individual patients, whether the degree of agreement is clinically acceptable. Despite their use for many years, there is a lot of ignorance about the validity as well as the pros and cons of linear regression and correlation techniques. This review article describes the types of linear regression and regression (parametric and non-parametric methods) and the necessary general and specific requirements. The selection of the type of regression depends on where one has been trained, the tradition of the laboratory and the availability of adequate software.

  15. Linear Confirmatory Factor Models To Evaluate Multitrait-Multimethod Matrices: The Effects of Number of Indicators and Correlation among Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomas, Jose M.; Hontangas, Pedro M.; Oliver, Amparo

    2000-01-01

    Assessed two models for confirmatory factor analysis of multitrait-multimethod data through Monte Carlo simulation. The correlated traits-correlated methods (CTCM) and the correlated traits-correlated uniqueness (CTCU) models were compared. Results suggest that CTCU is a good alternative to CTCM in the typical multitrait-multimethod matrix, but…

  16. Data-driven fault detection for industrial processes canonical correlation analysis and projection based methods

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Zhiwen

    2017-01-01

    Zhiwen Chen aims to develop advanced fault detection (FD) methods for the monitoring of industrial processes. With the ever increasing demands on reliability and safety in industrial processes, fault detection has become an important issue. Although the model-based fault detection theory has been well studied in the past decades, its applications are limited to large-scale industrial processes because it is difficult to build accurate models. Furthermore, motivated by the limitations of existing data-driven FD methods, novel canonical correlation analysis (CCA) and projection-based methods are proposed from the perspectives of process input and output data, less engineering effort and wide application scope. For performance evaluation of FD methods, a new index is also developed. Contents A New Index for Performance Evaluation of FD Methods CCA-based FD Method for the Monitoring of Stationary Processes Projection-based FD Method for the Monitoring of Dynamic Processes Benchmark Study and Real-Time Implementat...

  17. Prevalence of acute post-operative pain in patients in adult age-group undergoing inpatient abdominal surgery and correlation of intensity of pain and satisfaction with analgesic management: A cross-sectional single institute-based study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prashant Kumar Singh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Considering the paucity of regional data, this study was designed to investigate the prevalence of post-operative pain and determine if there exists any correlation between the intensity of post-operative pain and patient′s level of satisfaction with their pain management after inpatient abdominal surgery at an academic tertiary care government centre. Methods: Pain intensity was measured in 120 patients with numeric rating scale at the fifth post-operative hour, second and third post-operative day. A questionnaire was used to measure the level of satisfaction with nurse′s and doctor′s response to their pain and overall pain management. Results: The prevalence of post-operative pain was 84.17%, 92.5% and 96.66% at the fifth post-operative hour, second and third post-operative day, respectively. Less number of patients experienced severe intensity pain on the third post-operative day (P = 0.00046, whereas the number of patients experiencing mild pain increased (P < 0.000 compared to the fifth post-operative hour. The number of patients with complete analgesia decreased on the third post-operative day (P = 0.001 compared to fifth post-operative day. The Spearman correlation coefficient between pain score on the third post-operative day and level of satisfaction with nurse′s response, doctor′s response to pain and the overall pain management was − 0.0218 (P = 0.8107, 0.1307 (P = 0.1553 and 0.0743 (P = 0.4195, respectively. Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of acute post-operative pain in patients undergoing inpatient abdominal surgery at our institute. There is a weak correlation between the intensity of pain and level of satisfaction with pain management.

  18. Comparison of the methods for discrete approximation of the fractional-order operator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zborovjan Martin

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we will present some alternative types of discretization methods (discrete approximation for the fractional-order (FO differentiator and their application to the FO dynamical system described by the FO differential equation (FDE. With analytical solution and numerical solution by power series expansion (PSE method are compared two effective methods - the Muir expansion of the Tustin operator and continued fraction expansion method (CFE with the Tustin operator and the Al-Alaoui operator. Except detailed mathematical description presented are also simulation results. From the Bode plots of the FO differentiator and FDE and from the solution in the time domain we can see, that the CFE is a more effective method according to the PSE method, but there are some restrictions for the choice of the time step. The Muir expansion is almost unusable.

  19. Operational method of solution of linear non-integer ordinary and partial differential equations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhukovsky, K V

    2016-01-01

    We propose operational method with recourse to generalized forms of orthogonal polynomials for solution of a variety of differential equations of mathematical physics. Operational definitions of generalized families of orthogonal polynomials are used in this context. Integral transforms and the operational exponent together with some special functions are also employed in the solutions. The examples of solution of physical problems, related to such problems as the heat propagation in various models, evolutional processes, Black-Scholes-like equations etc. are demonstrated by the operational technique.

  20. A Method Based on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Dependent Aggregation Operators for Supplier Selection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fen Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, resolving the decision making problem of evaluation and ranking the potential suppliers have become as a key strategic factor for business firms. In this paper, two new intuitionistic fuzzy aggregation operators are developed: dependent intuitionistic fuzzy ordered weighed averaging (DIFOWA operator and dependent intuitionistic fuzzy hybrid weighed aggregation (DIFHWA operator. Some of their main properties are studied. A method based on the DIFHWA operator for intuitionistic fuzzy multiple attribute decision making is presented. Finally, an illustrative example concerning supplier selection is given.

  1. Local Search Method for a Parallel Machine Scheduling Problemof Minimizing the Number of Machines Operated

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamana, Takashi; Iima, Hitoshi; Sannomiya, Nobuo

    Although there have been many studies on parallel machine scheduling problems, the number of machines operated is fixed in these studies. It is desirable to generate a schedule with fewer machines operated from the viewpoint of the operation cost of machines. In this paper, we cope with a problem of minimizing the number of parallel machines subject to the constraint that the total tardiness is not greater than the value given in advance. For this problem, we introduce a local search method in which the number of machines operated is changed efficiently and appropriately in a short time as well as reducing the total tardiness.

  2. Spectral density analysis of time correlation functions in lattice QCD using the maximum entropy method

    CERN Document Server

    Fiebig, H R

    2002-01-01

    We study various aspects of extracting spectral information from time correlation functions of lattice QCD by means of Bayesian inference with an entropic prior, the maximum entropy method (MEM). Correlator functions of a heavy-light meson-meson system serve as a repository for lattice data with diverse statistical quality. Attention is given to spectral mass density functions, inferred from the data, and their dependence on the parameters of the MEM. We propose to employ simulated annealing, or cooling, to solve the Bayesian inference problem, and discuss practical issues of the approach.

  3. Electric vehicle chassis dynamometer test methods at JPL and their correlation to track tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marte, J.; Bryant, J.

    1983-01-01

    Early in its electric vehicle (EV) test program, JPL recognized that EV test procedures were too vague and too loosely defined to permit much meaningful data to be obtained from the testing. Therefore, JPL adopted more stringent test procedures and chose the chassis dynamometer rather than the track as its principal test technique. Through the years, test procedures continued to evolve towards a methodology based on chassis dynamometers which would exhibit good correlation with track testing. Based on comparative dynamometer and track test results on the ETV-1 vehicle, the test methods discussed in this report demonstrate a means by which excellent track-to-dynamometer correlation can be obtained.

  4. A self-constrained inversion of magnetic data based on correlation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Shida; Chen, Chao

    2016-12-01

    Geologically-constrained inversion is a powerful method for producing geologically reasonable solutions in geophysical exploration problems. But in many cases, except the observed geophysical data to be inverted, the geological information is insufficiently available for improving reliability of recovered models. To deal with these situations, self-constraints extracted from preprocessing observed data have been applied to constrain the inversion. In this paper, we present a self-constrained inversion method based on correlation method. In our approach the correlation results are first obtained by calculating the cross-correlation between theoretical data and horizontal gradients of the observed data. Subsequently, we propose two specific strategies to extract the spatial variation from the correlation results and then translate them into spatial weighting functions. Incorporating the spatial weighting functions into the model objective function, we obtain self-constrained solutions with higher reliability. We presented two synthetic and one field magnetic data example to test the validity. All results demonstrate that the solution from our self-constrained inversion can delineate the geological bodies with clearer boundaries and much more concentrated physical property.

  5. A Novel Three-Head Ultrasonic System for Distance Measurements Based on the Correlation Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gądek Krzysztof

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A novel double-emitter ultrasonic system for distance measurements based on the correlation method is presented. The proposed distance measurement method may be particularly useful in difficult conditions, e.g. for media parameters undergoing fast changes or in cases when obstacles and mechanical interference produce false reflections. The system is a development of a previously studied single-head idea. The present article covers a comparison of the two systems in terms of efficiency and precision. Experimental research described in this paper indicated that adding the second head improved the measurement exactness – standard deviation decreased by 40%. The correlation method is also described in detail, also giving the criterion for the quality of the measurement signal.

  6. Determination of Material for Shaft Design Using on Grey Correlation Analysis and TOPSIS Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Siva Kumar

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Machines, automobiles, aircrafts and many other applications have shaft as major mechanical component which must have a proper design, in-order to have the efficient transmission of power from one element to another. For the design of shaft an appropriate range of evaluation, general product form and processing methods for material must be made. The selection of material should be done by using multiple attribute decision methods (MADM. In this paper, Grey Correlation Analysis and TOPSIS Method is proposed in order to decide a suitable material by considering different attributes and graphical representations are made for different attributes verse materials and vice versa.

  7. Enhanced methods for operating refueling station tube-trailers to reduce refueling cost

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elgowainy, Amgad; Reddi, Krishna

    2017-08-22

    A method and apparatus are provided for operating a refueling station including source tube-trailers and at least one compressor to reduce refueling cost. The refueling station includes a gaseous fuel supply source including a plurality of tanks on a tube trailer coupled to a first control unit, and high pressure buffer storage having predefined capacity coupled to a second control unit and the first tanks by a pressure control valve and the first control unit, and at least one compressor. The refueling station is operated at different modes depending on a state of the refueling station at the beginning of each operational mode. The refueling system is assessed at the end of each operational mode to identify the state of the system and select a next mode of operation. The operational modes include consolidating hydrogen, or any gaseous fuel, within the tubes mounted on the trailer.

  8. An efficient and robust implicit operator for upwind point Gauss Seidel method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Joo Sung; Kwon, Oh Joon

    2007-06-01

    An efficient and robust implicit operator for the point Gauss-Seidel method is presented for solving the compressible Euler equations. The new implicit operator was derived by adding a scalar form of artificial dissipation to the upwind implicit side. The amount of artificial dissipation was locally adjusted using a weighting factor based on the solution gradient. For validation, the performance of the new implicit operator was compared in detail with that of several existing implicit operators which have been widely used for solving the flow equations. Numerical experiments showed that the stability and convergence characteristics of the new implicit operator are significantly better than those of other existing implicit operators for calculating flows ranging from subsonic to hypersonic speeds.

  9. A survey on implementation of a Linux-based operating system using LFS method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Abed Masrurkhah

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the movement of open-source software and on top of them Linux open-source and free operating system has attracted the attention of many specialists, governments, organizations, etc. so that the biggest software companies such as Google, Oracle, etc. stepped forward in this movement and are developing open- source software, particularly Linux. The present paper introduces and investigates developing a Linux-base operating system with LFS method. First we have a short look on the history of Linux and the reasons of its importance in the present world. Then, we describe different types of Linux Distributions and their internal structures and explain how to develop a Linux Distribution with different methods. LFS method is then compared with another method called Remaster and its advantages and disadvantages are presented. At last we analyze this method, step by step, from the beginning to achieving a Linux-based operating system.

  10. Gradient Correlation Method for the Stabilization of Inversion Results of Aerosol Microphysical Properties Retrieved from Profiles of Optical Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kolgotin Alexei

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Correlation relationships between aerosol microphysical parameters and optical data are investigated. The results show that surface-area concentrations and extinction coefficients are linearly correlated with a correlation coefficient above 0.99 for arbitrary particle size distribution. The correlation relationships that we obtained can be used as constraints in our inversion of optical lidar data. Simulation studies demonstrate a significant stabilization of aerosol microphysical data products if we apply the gradient correlation method in our traditional regularization technique.

  11. Using the thermal Gaussian approximation approximation for theBoltzmann Operator in Semiclassical Initial Value Time CorrelationFunctions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Jian; Miller, William H.

    2006-09-06

    The thermal Gaussian approximation (TGA) recently developed by Mandelshtam et al has been demonstrated to be a practical way for approximating the Boltzmann operator exp(-{beta}H) for multidimensional systems. In this paper the TGA is combined with semiclassical (SC) initial value representations (IVRs) for thermal time correlation functions. Specifically, it is used with the linearized SC-IVR (LSC-IVR, equivalent to the classical Wigner model), and the 'forward-backward semiclassical dynamics' (FBSD) approximation developed by Makri et al. Use of the TGA with both of these approximate SC-IVRs allows the oscillatory part of the IVR to be integrated out explicitly, providing an extremely simple result that is readily applicable to large molecular systems. Calculation of the force-force autocorrelation for a strongly anharmonic oscillator demonstrates its accuracy, and of the velocity autocorrelation function (and thus the diffusion coefficient) of liquid neon demonstrates its applicability.

  12. The four-point correlator in multifield inflation, the operator product expansion and the symmetries of de Sitter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kehagias, A., E-mail: kehagias@central.ntua.gr [Physics Division, National Technical University of Athens, 15780 Zografou Campus, Athens (Greece); Riotto, A. [Department of Theoretical Physics and Center for Astroparticle Physics (CAP), 24 quai E. Ansermet, CH-1211 Geneva 4 (Switzerland)

    2013-03-21

    We study the multifield inflationary models where the cosmological perturbation is sourced by light scalar fields other than the inflaton. We exploit the operator product expansion and partly the symmetries present during the de Sitter epoch to characterize the non-Gaussian four-point correlator in the squeezed limit. We point out that the contribution to it from the intrinsic non-Gaussianity of the light fields at horizon crossing can be larger than the usually studied contribution arising on superhorizon scales and it comes with a different shape. Our findings indicate that particular attention needs to be taken when studying the effects of the primordial NG on real observables, such as the clustering of dark matter halos.

  13. Feedback Control Method Using Haar Wavelet Operational Matrices for Solving Optimal Control Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Waleeda Swaidan; Amran Hussin

    2013-01-01

    Most of the direct methods solve optimal control problems with nonlinear programming solver. In this paper we propose a novel feedback control method for solving for solving affine control system, with quadratic cost functional, which makes use of only linear systems. This method is a numerical technique, which is based on the combination of Haar wavelet collocation method and successive Generalized Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation. We formulate some new Haar wavelet oper...

  14. Investigation of Socially Responsible Investment Markets (SRI Using Dynamic Conditional Correlation (DCC Method: Implications for Diversification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gurudeo Anand Tularam

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Over the last ten years there has been a phenomenal growth in the amount of funds placed in SRI globally estimated to be around US$6.5 trillion while around US$55 billion in the Australian market. Accurate knowledge of correlation of the Australian SRI market with other SRI markets overseas is crucially important for Australian (SRI investors for international portfolio diversification since portfolio diversification theory posits that the lower (higher the correlation between markets, the higher (lower the gains to be made. The study examines the relationship of the Australian SRI market with fourteen other markets-Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom and the United States. Approach: The relationships of the Australian Socially Responsible Investment (SRI market with other SRI markets worldwide during the period 1994-2009 are examined based on the dynamic conditional correlation multivariate GARCH model (DCCMVGarch. In the DCC method, the multivariate conditional variance estimation is simplified by estimating univariate GARCH models for each market. Using the transformed residuals resulting from the first stage, the authors can estimate a conditional correlation estimator. The standard errors for the first stage parameters remain while the standard errors for the correlation parameters are modified. Results: Our results showed that the Australian market experienced a surge in correlation with all other markets during the global financial crisis. During the period of study, the correlation of Australia with Canada, Denmark, Norway and the United Kingdom increased over time while its correlation with other countries remained stationary. This implies that the Australian SRI market is becoming more integrated with those of Canada, Denmark, Norway and the United Kingdom. Therefore, these overseas markets provide less

  15. Early Operations Flight Correlation of the Lunar Laser Communications Demonstration (LLCD) on the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peabody, Hume; Yang, Kan; Nguyen, Daniel; Cornwell, Donald

    2015-01-01

    The Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) mission launched on September 7, 2013 with a one month cruise before lunar insertion. The LADEE spacecraft is a power limited, octagonal, composite bus structure with solar panels on all eight sides with four vertical segments per side and 2 panels dedicated to instruments. One of these panels has the Lunar Laser Communications Demonstration (LLCD), which represents a furthering of the laser communications technology demonstration proved out by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO). LLCD increases the bandwidth of communication to and from the moon with less mass and power than LROs technology demonstrator. The LLCD Modem and Controller boxes are mounted to an internal cruciform composite panel and have no dedicated radiator. The thermal design relies on power cycling of the boxes and radiation of waste heat to the inside of the panels, which then reject the heat when facing cold space. The LADEE mission includes a slow roll and numerous attitudes to accommodate the challenging thermal requirements for all the instruments on board. During the cruise phase, the internal Modem and Controller avionics for LLCD were warmer than predicted by more than modeling uncertainty would suggest. This caused concern that if the boxes were considerably warmer than expected while off, they would also be warmer when operating and could limit the operational time when in lunar orbit. The thermal group at Goddard Space Flight Center evaluated the models and design for these critical avionics for LLCD. Upon receipt of the spacecraft models and audit was performed and data was collected from the flight telemetry to perform a sanity check of the models and to correlate to flight where possible. This paper describes the efforts to correlate the model to flight data and to predict the thermal performance when in lunar orbit and presents some lessons learned.

  16. Correlating thermal conductivity of pure hydrocarbons and aromatics via perceptron artificial neural network (PANN) method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mostafa Lashkarbolooki; Ali Zeinolabedini Hezave; Mahdi Bayat

    2017-01-01

    Accurate estimation of liquid thermal conductivity is highly necessary to appropriately design equipments in dif-ferent industries. Respect to this necessity, in the current investigation a feed-forward artificial neural network (ANN) model is examined to correlate the liquid thermal conductivity of normal and aromatic hydrocarbons at the temperatures range of 257–338 K and atmospheric pressure. For this purpose, 956 experimental thermal con-ductivities for normal and aromatic hydrocarbons are collected from different previously published literature. During the modeling stage, to discriminate different substances, critical temperature (Tc), critical pressure (Pc) and acentric factor (ω) are utilized as the network inputs besides the temperature. During the examination, ef-fects of different transfer functions and number of neurons in hidden layer are investigated to find the optimum network architecture. Besides, statistical error analysis considering the results obtained from available correla-tions and group contribution methods and proposed neural network is performed to reliably check the feasibility and accuracy of the proposed method. Respect to the obtained results, it can be concluded that the proposed neu-ral network consisted of three layers namely, input, hidden and output layers with 22 neurons in hidden layer was the optimum ANN model. Generally, the proposed model enables to correlate the thermal conductivity of normal and aromatic hydrocarbons with absolute average relative deviation percent (AARD), mean square error (MSE), and correlation coefficient (R2) of lower than 0.2%, 1.05 × 10?7 and 0.9994, respectively.

  17. A WYNER-ZIV VIDEO CODING METHOD UTILIZING MIXTURE CORRELATION NOISE MODEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Xiaofei; Zhu Xiuchang

    2012-01-01

    In Wyner-Ziv (WZ) Distributed Video Coding (DVC),correlation noise model is often used to describe the error distribution between WZ frame and the side information.The accuracy of the model can influence the performance of the video coder directly.A mixture correlation noise model in Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) domain for WZ video coding is established in this paper.Different correlation noise estimation method is used for direct current and alternating current coefficients.Parameter estimation method based on expectation maximization algorithm is used to estimate the Laplace distribution center of direct current frequency band and Mixture Laplace-Uniform Distribution Model (MLUDM) is established for alternating current coefficients.Experimental results suggest that the proposed mixture correlation noise model can describe the heavy tail and sudden change of the noise accurately at high rate and make significant improvement on the coding efficiency compared with the noise model presented by DIStributed COding for Video sERvices (DISCOVER).

  18. Investigation of real materials with strong electronic correlations by the LDA+DMFT method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anisimov, V I; Lukoyanov, A V

    2014-02-01

    Materials with strong electronic correlations are at the cutting edge of experimental and theoretical studies, capturing the attention of researchers for a great variety of interesting phenomena: metal-insulator, phase and magnetic spin transitions, `heavy fermion' systems, interplay between magnetic order and superconductivity, appearance and disappearance of local magnetic moments, and transport property anomalies. It is clear that the richness of physical phenomena for these compounds is a result of partially filled 3d, 4f or 5f electron shells with local magnetic moments preserved in the solid state. Strong interactions of d and f electrons with each other and with itinerant electronic states of the material are responsible for its anomalous properties. Electronic structure calculations for strongly correlated materials should explicitly take into account Coulombic interactions between d or f electrons. Recent advances in this field are related to the development of the LDA+DMFT method, which combines local density approximation (LDA) with dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) to account for electronic correlation effects. In recent years, LDA+DMFT has allowed the successful treatment not only of simple systems but also of complicated real compounds. Nowadays, the LDA+DMFT method is the state-of-the-art tool for investigating correlated metals and insulators, spin and metal-insulator transitions (MIT) in transition-metal compounds in paramagnetic and magnetically ordered phases.

  19. Examples of the effects of different averaging methods on carbon dioxide fluxes calculated using the eddy correlation method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. D. Culf

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Three hours of high frequency vertical windspeed and carbon dioxide concentration data recorded over tropical forest in Brazil are presented and discussed in relation to various detrending techniques used in eddy correlation analysis. Running means with time constants 100, 1000 and 1875s and a 30 minute linear detrend, as commonly used to determine fluxes, have been calculated for each case study and are presented. It is shown that, for different trends in the background concentration of carbon dioxide, the different methods can lead to the calculation of radically different fluxes over an hourly period. The examples emphasise the need for caution when interpreting eddy correlation derived fluxes especially for short term process studies. Keywords: Eddy covariance; detrending; running mean; carbon dioxide; tropical forest

  20. Research on Controlled Volume Operation Method of Large-scale Water Transfer Canal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Zhiliang; WANG Changde; XU Duo; XIAO Hua

    2011-01-01

    The controlled volume method of operation is especially suitable for large-scale water delivery canal system with complex operation requirements. An operating simulation model based on the storage volume control method for multi-reach canal system in series was established. In allusion to the deficiency of existing controlled volume algorithm, the improved controlled volume algorithm of the whole canal pools was proposed, and the simulation results indicated that the storage volume and water level of each canal pool could be accurately controlled after the improved algorithm had been adopted. However, for some typical discharge demand operating conditions, if the previously mentioned algorithm was adopted, then it certainly would cause some unnecessary gate adjustments, and consequently the disturbed canal pools would be increased. Therefore, the idea of controlled volume operation method of continuous canal pools was proposed, and corresponding algorithm was designed. Through simulating practical project, the results indicated that the new controlled volume algorithm proposed for typical operating conditions could comparatively and obviously reduce the number of regulated check gates and disturb canal pools for some typical discharge demand operating conditions, thus the control efficiency of canal system could be improved.

  1. Probabilistic fracture investigation of symmetric angle ply laminated composite plates using displacement correlation method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lal Achchhe

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The second order statistics of mixed mode stress intensity factors (MSIF of single edge V-notched angle ply laminated composite plate subjected to uniaxial tensile load with uncertinity in the system properties using displacement correlation method (DCM is evaluated. The random system properties such as material properties, crack opening and crack length are modelled as combined uncorrelated and correlated random system variables. A C0 finite element method (FEM based on higher order shear deformation plate theory (HSDT is used for basic formulation. The Taylor series based first order perturbation technique (FOPT, second order perturbation technique (SOPT are used and direct Monte Carlo simulation (MCS is performed to evaluate the statistics (mean and coefficient of variance of the mixed mode SIFs. The present work signifies the accurate analysis of frature behaviour by influence of different random variables and fibre orientations on the fracture behaviour in angle ply laminates.

  2. Electronic properties of antiferromagnetic UBi2 metal by exact exchange for correlated electrons method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E Ghasemikhah

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the electronic properties of antiferromagnetic UBi2 metal by using ab initio calculations based on the density functional theory (DFT, employing the augmented plane waves plus local orbital method. We used the exact exchange for correlated electrons (EECE method to calculate the exchange-correlation energy under a variety of hybrid functionals. Electric field gradients (EFGs at the uranium site in UBi2 compound were calculated and compared with the experiment. The EFGs were predicted experimentally at the U site to be very small in this compound. The EFG calculated by the EECE functional are in agreement with the experiment. The densities of states (DOSs show that 5f U orbital is hybrided with the other orbitals. The plotted Fermi surfaces show that there are two kinds of charges on Fermi surface of this compound.

  3. Prevalence of acute post-operative pain in patients in adult age-group undergoing inpatient abdominal surgery and correlation of intensity of pain and satisfaction with analgesic management: A cross-sectional single institute-based study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Prashant Kumar; Saikia, Priyam; Lahakar, Mangala

    2016-01-01

    Background and Aims: Considering the paucity of regional data, this study was designed to investigate the prevalence of post-operative pain and determine if there exists any correlation between the intensity of post-operative pain and patient's level of satisfaction with their pain management after inpatient abdominal surgery at an academic tertiary care government centre. Methods: Pain intensity was measured in 120 patients with numeric rating scale at the fifth post-operative hour, second and third post-operative day. A questionnaire was used to measure the level of satisfaction with nurse's and doctor's response to their pain and overall pain management. Results: The prevalence of post-operative pain was 84.17%, 92.5% and 96.66% at the fifth post-operative hour, second and third post-operative day, respectively. Less number of patients experienced severe intensity pain on the third post-operative day (P = 0.00046), whereas the number of patients experiencing mild pain increased (P management was − 0.0218 (P = 0.8107), 0.1307 (P = 0.1553) and 0.0743 (P = 0.4195), respectively. Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of acute post-operative pain in patients undergoing inpatient abdominal surgery at our institute. There is a weak correlation between the intensity of pain and level of satisfaction with pain management.

  4. Statistical methods to evaluate the correlation between measured and calculated dose using quality assurance method in IMRT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulhamid Chaikh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: the objective of this study is to validate a procedure based on a statistical method to assess the agreement and the correlation between measured and calculated dose in the process of quality assurance (QA for Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT.Patients and methods: 10 patients including 56 fields for head and neck cancer treatment were analyzed. For each patient, one treatment plan was generated using Eclipse TPS®. To compare the calculated dose with measured dose a CT-scan of solid water slabs (30 × 30 × 15 cm3 was used. The measurements were done for absolute dose by a pinpoint ionization chamber and 2D dose distributions using electronic portal imaging device dosimetry. Six criteria levels were applied for each case (3%, 3 mm, (4%, 3 mm, (5%, 3 mm, (4%, 4 mm, (5%, 4 mm and (5%, 5 mm. The normality of the data and the variance homogeneity were tested using Shapiro-Wilks test and Levene’s test, respectively. Wilcoxon signed-rank paired test was used to calculate p-value. Bland-Altman method was used to calculate the limit of agreement between calculated and measured doses and to draw a scatter plot. The correlation between calculated and measured doses was assessed using Spearman’s rank test.Results: The statistical tests indicate that the data do not fulfill normal distribution, p < 0.001 and had a homogenous variance, p = 0.85. The upper and lower limit of agreements for absolute dose measurements were 6.44% and -6.40%, respectively. Wilcoxon test indicated a significance difference between calculated and measured dose with ionization chamber, p = 0.01. Spearman’s test indicated a strong correlation between calculated and absolute measured dose, ρ = 0.99. Therefore, there is a lack of correlation between dose difference for absolute dose measurements and gamma passing rates for 2D dose measurements.Conclusion: the statistical tests showed that the common acceptance criteria’s using gamma evaluation are not able

  5. Analytic methods for the Percus-Yevick hard sphere correlation functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Henderson

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The Percus-Yevick theory for hard spheres provides simple accurate expressions for the correlation functions that have proven exceptionally useful. A summary of the author's lecture notes concerning three methods of obtaining these functions are presented. These notes are original only in part. However, they contain some helpful steps and simplifications. The purpose of this paper is to make these notes more widely available.

  6. Comparative study of operative treatment [corrected] of varicose veins according to the Klapp and Smetana method versus Myers method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solaković, Emir; Totić, Dragan; Solaković, Sid

    2008-08-01

    Venous abnormalities in lower extremities are among the most frequent disorders that affects general population with significant morbidity and mortality. Usually, the problem consists of a mild form of varicose veins and teleangiectasis. Treatment in this stage of disease is highly recommended since progression can lead to chronic venous insufficiency and chronic disability with very few effective treatment options. The most effective and popular treatment of varicose veins is operative treatment; specifically two different operative procedures: method according to Myers and method according to Klapp and Smetana. We designed this study in order to determine which method is superior based on clinical parameters and patients satisfaction. Our evidence strongly support clinical superiority, as well as patient satisfaction, of Klapp and Smetana method.

  7. Local Fractional Adomian Decomposition and Function Decomposition Methods for Laplace Equation within Local Fractional Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheng-Ping Yan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We perform a comparison between the local fractional Adomian decomposition and local fractional function decomposition methods applied to the Laplace equation. The operators are taken in the local sense. The results illustrate the significant features of the two methods which are both very effective and straightforward for solving the differential equations with local fractional derivative.

  8. Investigation of the Adaptability of Transient Stability Assessment Methods to Real-Time Operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weckesser, Johannes Tilman Gabriel; Jóhannsson, Hjörtur; Sommer, Stefan

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, an investigation of the adaptability of available transient stability assessment methods to real-time operation and their real-time performance is carried out. Two approaches based on Lyapunov’s method and the equal area criterion are analyzed. The results allow to determine...

  9. Comparison of the Monte Carlo adjoint-weighted and differential operator perturbation methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kiedrowski, Brian C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brown, Forrest B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    Two perturbation theory methodologies are implemented for k-eigenvalue calculations in the continuous-energy Monte Carlo code, MCNP6. A comparison of the accuracy of these techniques, the differential operator and adjoint-weighted methods, is performed numerically and analytically. Typically, the adjoint-weighted method shows better performance over a larger range; however, there are exceptions.

  10. An Operator Perturbation Method of Polarized Line Transfer V. Diagnosis of Solar Weak Magnetic Fields

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K. N. Nagendra; H. Frisch; M. Faurobert-Scholl; F. Paletou

    2000-09-01

    We present an application of the PALI (Polarized Approximate Lambda Iteration) method to the resonance scattering in spectral lines formed in the presence of weak magnetic fields. The method is based on an operator perturbation approach, and can efficiently give solutions for oriented vector magnetic fields in the solar atmosphere.

  11. An iterative method to compute the overlap Dirac operator at nonzero chemical potential

    CERN Document Server

    Bloch, J; Lang, B; Wettig, T

    2007-01-01

    The overlap Dirac operator at nonzero quark chemical potential involves the computation of the sign function of a non-Hermitian matrix. In this talk we present an iterative method, first proposed by us in Ref. [1], which allows for an efficient computation of the operator, even on large lattices. The starting point is a Krylov subspace approximation, based on the Arnoldi algorithm, for the evaluation of a generic matrix function. The efficiency of this method is spoiled when the matrix has eigenvalues close to a function discontinuity. To cure this, a small number of critical eigenvectors are added to the Krylov subspace, and two different deflation schemes are proposed in this augmented subspace. The ensuing method is then applied to the sign function of the overlap Dirac operator, for two different lattice sizes. The sign function has a discontinuity along the imaginary axis, and the numerical results show how deflation dramatically improves the efficiency of the method.

  12. [Current status of operations in community general support centers and the correlation of personal traits, work environment and occupational stress].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaguchi, Yoshie

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the current status of operations at community general support centers which provide coordination for elderly care and the correlation of personal traits, work environment and the occupational stress of the staff. Subjects of the study were 251 staff members of community general support centers. The current status of operations at the community general support centers and the personal traits, work environment, effort-remuneration imbalance model (ERI) and general health questionnaire (GHQ) were surveyed. The initial analysis involved a comparison by a chi-square test on: The effort-remuneration ratio (E/R ratio) of personal traits and work environment, risk of over-commitment (OC), and GHQ score. To explore the correlation between the E/R ratio of the three GHQ groups (low, middle and high score groups) and the OC value, one-way analysis of variance was performed. Out of the four basic functions of the community general support centers, 22.0% of the respondents noted that "establishment of a regional, comprehensive/multi-tiered service network" was functioning, and 50.4% of respondents noted that "comprehensive and continuous care management" was functioning. The average effort score was 15.5 +/- 5.3, approximately double the average value of preceding studies. Significant differences found in GHQ scores were related to working hours (pworking hours of 50 h or more" (OR: 10.38, 95% CI: 2.52-42.70), "Unstable employment" (OR: 2.75, 95% CI: 1.22-6.21) and "Anxiety related to task content" (OR: 17.04, 95% CI: 3.57-81.24). Items observed to have significant correlation with OC value risk factors were: "Weekly working hours of 50 h or more" (OR: 8.04, 95% CI: 1.99-32.41) and "Anxiety related to task content" (OR: 4.60, 95% CI: 2.04-10.37). We conclude that the basic functions of the community general support centers are not presently very functional. The stress levels of the community general support center staff are high and

  13. Correlation analysis of PCB and comparison of test-analysis model reduction methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Fei; Li Chuanri; Jiang Tongmin; Rong Shuanglong

    2014-01-01

    The validity of correlation analysis between finite element model (FEM) and modal test data is strongly affected by three factors, i.e., quality of excitation and measurement points in modal test, FEM reduction methods, and correlation check techniques. A new criterion based on modified mode participation (MMP) for choosing the best excitation point is presented. Comparison between this new criterion and mode participation (MP) criterion is made by using Case 1 with a simple printed circuit board (PCB). The result indicates that this new criterion produces better results. In Case 2, 35 measure-ment points are selected to perform modal test and correlation analysis while 9 selected in Case 3. System equivalent reduction expansion process (SEREP), modal assurance criteria (MAC), coordinate modal assurance criteria (CoMAC), pseudo orthogonality check (POC) and coordinate orthogonality check (CORTHOG) are used to show the error introduced by modal test in Cases 2 and 3. Case 2 shows that additional errors which cannot be identified by using CoMAC can be found by using CORTHOG. In both Cases 2 and 3, Guyan reduction, improved reduced system (IRS) method, SEREP and Hybrid reduction are compared for accuracy and robustness. The results suggest that the quality of the reduction process is problem dependent. However, the IRS method is an improvement over the Guyan reduction, and the Hybrid reduction is an improvement over the SEREP reduction.

  14. A cross-correlation method to search for gravitational wave bursts with AURIGA and Virgo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bignotto, M; Cerdonio, M; Conti, L; Drago, M; Liguori, N [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Bonaldi, M; Falferi, P; Vinante, A [Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie, CNR-Fondazione Bruno Kessler, I-38050 Povo (Trento) (Italy); Camarda, M [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Informatica, Universita di Padova, Via G. Gradenigo 6a, 35131 Padova (Italy); Longo, S; Ortolan, A [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, 35020 Legnaro, Padova (Italy); Mezzena, R; Mion, A; Prodi, G A; Re, V; Salemi, F; Vitale, S [INFN, Gruppo Collegato di Trento, Sezione di Padova, I-38050 Povo, Trento (Italy); Taffarello, L; Vedovato, G; Zendri, J P [INFN, Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)], E-mail: virginia.re@lnl.infn.it (and others)

    2008-06-07

    We present a method to search for transient gravitational waves using a network of detectors with different spectral and directional sensitivities: the interferometer Virgo and the bar detector AURIGA. The data analysis method is based on the measurements of the correlated energy in the network by means of a weighted cross-correlation. To limit the computational load, this coherent analysis step is performed around time-frequency coincident triggers selected by an excess power event trigger generator tuned at low thresholds. The final selection of gravitational wave candidates is performed by a combined cut on the correlated energy and on the significance as measured by the event trigger generator. The method has been tested on one day of data of AURIGA and Virgo during September 2005. The outcomes are compared to the results of a stand-alone time-frequency coincidence search. We discuss the advantages and the limits of this approach, in view of a possible future joint search between AURIGA and one interferometric detector.

  15. A Cross-correlation method to search for gravitational wave bursts with AURIGA and Virgo

    CERN Document Server

    Bignotto, M; Camarda, M; Cerdonio, M; Conti, L; Drago, M; Falferi, P; Liguori, N; Longo, S; Mezzena, R; Mion, A; Ortolan, A; Prodi, G A; Re, V; Salemi, F; Taffarello, L; Vedovato, G; Vinante, A; Vitale, S; Zendri, J P; Acernese, F; Alshourbagy, M; Amico, P; Antonucci, F; Aoudia, S; Astone, P; Avino, S; Baggio, L; Ballardin, G; Barone, F; Barsotti, L; Barsuglia, M; Bauer, T S; Bigotta, S; Birindelli, S; Boccara, C; Bondu, F; Bosi, L; Braccini, S; Bradaschia, C; Brillet, A; Brisson, V; Buskulic, D; Cagnoli, G; Calloni, E; Campagna, E; Carbognani, F; Cavalier, F; Cavalieri, R; Cella, G; Cesarini, E; Chassande-Mottin, E; Clapson, A C; Cleva, F; Coccia, E; Corda, C; Corsi, A; Cottone, F; Coulon, J P; Cuoco, E; D'Antonio, S; Dari, A; Dattilo, V; Davier, M; De Rosa, R; Del Prete, M; Di Fiore, L; Di Lieto, A; Di Paolo Emilio, M; Di Virgilio, A; Evans, M; Fafone, V; Ferrante, I; Fidecaro, F; Fiori, I; Flaminio, R; Fournier, J D; Frasca, S; Frasconi, F; Gammaitoni, L; Garufi, F; Genin, E; Gennai, A; Giazotto, A; Giordano, L; Granata, V; Greverie, C; Grosjean, D; Guidi, G; Hamdani, S; Hebri, S; Heitmann, H; Hello, P; Huet, D; Kreckelbergh, S; La Penna, P; Laval, M

    2008-01-01

    We present a method to search for transient GWs using a network of detectors with different spectral and directional sensitivities: the interferometer Virgo and the bar detector AURIGA. The data analysis method is based on the measurements of the correlated energy in the network by means of a weighted cross-correlation. To limit the computational load, this coherent analysis step is performed around time-frequency coincident triggers selected by an excess power event trigger generator tuned at low thresholds. The final selection of GW candidates is performed by a combined cut on the correlated energy and on the significance as measured by the event trigger generator. The method has been tested on one day of data of AURIGA and Virgo during September 2005. The outcomes are compared to the results of a stand-alone time-frequency coincidence search. We discuss the advantages and the limits of this approach, in view of a possible future joint search between AURIGA and one interferometric detector.

  16. Local Correlation Calculations Using Standard and Renormalized Coupled-Cluster Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piecuch, Piotr; Li, Wei; Gour, Jeffrey

    2009-03-01

    Local correlation variants of the coupled-cluster (CC) theory with singles and doubles (CCSD) and CC methods with singles, doubles, and non-iterative triples, including CCSD(T) and the completely renormalized CR-CC(2,3) approach, are developed. The main idea of the resulting CIM-CCSD, CIM-CCSD(T), and CIM-CR-CC(2,3) methods is the realization of the fact that the total correlation energy of a large system can be obtained as a sum of contributions from the occupied orthonormal localized molecular orbitals and their respective occupied and unoccupied orbital domains. The CIM-CCSD, CIM-CCSD(T), and CIM-CR-CC(2,3) algorithms are characterized by the linear scaling of the total CPU time with the system size and embarrassing parallelism. By comparing the results of the canonical and CIM-CC calculations for normal alkanes and water clusters, it is demonstrated that the CIM-CCSD, CIM-CCSD(T), and CIM-CR-CC(2,3) approaches recover the corresponding canonical CC correlation energies to within 0.1 % or so, while offering savings in the computer effort by orders of magnitude. By examining the dissociation of dodecane into C11H23 and CH3 and several lowest-energy structures of the (H2O)n clusters, it is shown that the CIM-CC methods accurately reproduce the relative energetics of the corresponding canonical CC calculations.

  17. Correlation analysis of PCB and comparison of test-analysis model reduction methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Fei

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The validity of correlation analysis between finite element model (FEM and modal test data is strongly affected by three factors, i.e., quality of excitation and measurement points in modal test, FEM reduction methods, and correlation check techniques. A new criterion based on modified mode participation (MMP for choosing the best excitation point is presented. Comparison between this new criterion and mode participation (MP criterion is made by using Case 1 with a simple printed circuit board (PCB. The result indicates that this new criterion produces better results. In Case 2, 35 measurement points are selected to perform modal test and correlation analysis while 9 selected in Case 3. System equivalent reduction expansion process (SEREP, modal assurance criteria (MAC, coordinate modal assurance criteria (CoMAC, pseudo orthogonality check (POC and coordinate orthogonality check (CORTHOG are used to show the error introduced by modal test in Cases 2 and 3. Case 2 shows that additional errors which cannot be identified by using CoMAC can be found by using CORTHOG. In both Cases 2 and 3, Guyan reduction, improved reduced system (IRS method, SEREP and Hybrid reduction are compared for accuracy and robustness. The results suggest that the quality of the reduction process is problem dependent. However, the IRS method is an improvement over the Guyan reduction, and the Hybrid reduction is an improvement over the SEREP reduction.

  18. Entropy correlation distance method. The Euro introduction effect on the Consumer Price Index

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miśkiewicz, Janusz

    2010-04-01

    The idea of entropy was introduced in thermodynamics, but it can be used in time series analysis. There are various ways to define and measure the entropy of a system. Here the so called Theil index, which is often used in economy and finance, is applied as it were an entropy measure. In this study the time series are remapped through the Theil index. Then the linear correlation coefficient between the remapped time series is evaluated as a function of time and time window size and the corresponding statistical distance is defined. The results are compared with the the usual correlation distance measure for the time series themselves. As an example this entropy correlation distance method (ECDM) is applied to several series, as those of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) in order to test some so called globalisation processes. Distance matrices are calculated in order to construct two network structures which are next analysed. The role of two different time scales introduced by the Theil index and a correlation coefficient is also discussed. The evolution of the mean distance between the most developed countries is presented and the globalisation periods of the prices discussed. It is finally shown that the evolution of mean distance between the most developed countries on several networks follows the process of introducing the European currency - the Euro. It is contrasted to the GDP based analysis. It is stressed that the entropy correlation distance measure is more suitable in detecting significant changes, like a globalisation process than the usual statistical (correlation based) measure.

  19. Double-layered target and identification method of individual target correlated with evaporation residues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaji, D., E-mail: daiya@riken.jp; Morimoto, K.

    2015-08-21

    A double-layered target system and an identification method (target ID) for individual targets mounted on a rotating wheel using correlation with evaporation residues were newly developed for the study of superheavy elements (SHE). The target system can be used in three modes: conventional single-layered mode, double-layered mode, and energy-degrader mode. The target ID method can be utilized for masking a target, measuring an excitation function without changing the beam energy from the accelerator, and searching for SHE nuclides using multiple targets during a single irradiation.

  20. Singlet-triplet gaps in substituted carbenes predicted from block-correlated coupled cluster method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The block correlated coupled cluster (BCCC) method, with the complete active-space self-consistent-field (CASSCF) reference function, has been applied to investigating the singlet-triplet gaps in several substituted carbenes including four halocarbenes (CHCl, CF2, CCl2, and CBr2) and two hydroxycar-benes (CHOH and C(OH)2). A comparison of our results with the experimental data and other theoretical estimates shows that the present approach can provide quantitative descriptions for all the studied carbenes. It is demonstrated that the CAS-BCCC method is a promising theoretical tool for calculating the electronic structures of diradicals.

  1. Microchannel apparatus comprising plural microchannels and methods of conducting unit operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegeng, Robert S [Richland, WA; TeGrotenhuis, Ward E [Kennewick, WA; Whyatt, Greg A [West Richland, WA

    2009-03-10

    Microchannel apparatus comprising a header and plural flow microchannels is described in which orifices connect the header and the flow microchannels. The orifices constrict flow. The ratio of the cross-sectional area of each of the orifices to the cross-sectional area of the flow microchannels connected to the orifices is between 0.0005 and 0.1. Also described is microchannel apparatus for conducting unit operations in which a device comprises two arrays of microchannels, and a unit operation is conducted on a fluid as it passes through the first set of microchannels and into a header where a second unit operation is performed, and then the fluid stream passes into the second array of microchannels where the first unit operation is again performed. Methods of conducting unit operations in the apparatuses are also described.

  2. Hesitant Fuzzy Linguistic Multicriteria Decision-Making Method Based on Generalized Prioritized Aggregation Operator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia-ting Wu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on linguistic term sets and hesitant fuzzy sets, the concept of hesitant fuzzy linguistic sets was introduced. The focus of this paper is the multicriteria decision-making (MCDM problems in which the criteria are in different priority levels and the criteria values take the form of hesitant fuzzy linguistic numbers (HFLNs. A new approach to solving these problems is proposed, which is based on the generalized prioritized aggregation operator of HFLNs. Firstly, the new operations and comparison method for HFLNs are provided and some linguistic scale functions are applied. Subsequently, two prioritized aggregation operators and a generalized prioritized aggregation operator of HFLNs are developed and applied to MCDM problems. Finally, an illustrative example is given to illustrate the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed method, which are then compared to the existing approach.

  3. Hesitant fuzzy linguistic multicriteria decision-making method based on generalized prioritized aggregation operator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jia-ting; Wang, Jian-qiang; Wang, Jing; Zhang, Hong-yu; Chen, Xiao-hong

    2014-01-01

    Based on linguistic term sets and hesitant fuzzy sets, the concept of hesitant fuzzy linguistic sets was introduced. The focus of this paper is the multicriteria decision-making (MCDM) problems in which the criteria are in different priority levels and the criteria values take the form of hesitant fuzzy linguistic numbers (HFLNs). A new approach to solving these problems is proposed, which is based on the generalized prioritized aggregation operator of HFLNs. Firstly, the new operations and comparison method for HFLNs are provided and some linguistic scale functions are applied. Subsequently, two prioritized aggregation operators and a generalized prioritized aggregation operator of HFLNs are developed and applied to MCDM problems. Finally, an illustrative example is given to illustrate the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed method, which are then compared to the existing approach.

  4. COMPARISON OF TWO METHODS OF OPERATING THEATRE PLANNING: APPLICATION IN BELGIAN HOSPITAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sondes CHAABANE; Nadine MESKENS; Alain GUINET; Marius LAURENT

    2008-01-01

    Operating Theatre is the centre of the hospital management's efforts. It constitutes the most expensive sector with more than 10% of the intended operating budget of the hospital. To reduce the costs while maintaining a good quality of care, one of the solutions is to improve the existent planning and scheduling methods by improving the services and surgical specialty coordination or finding the best estimation of surgical case durations. The other solution is to construct an effective surgical case plan and schedule. The operating theatre planning and scheduling is the two important steps, which aim to make a surgical case programming with an objective of obtaining a realizable and efficient surgical case schedule. This paper focuses on the first step, the operating theatre planning problem. Two planning methods are introduced and compared. Real data of a Belgian university hospital "Tivoli" are used for the experiments.

  5. The Poka-Yoke method as an improving quality tool of operations in the process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Dudek-Burlikowska

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: A new approach for the implementation of quality philosophy Zero Quality Defects with usage of the Poka-Yoke method in the polish organization has been presented.Design/methodology/approach: The possibility of usage of mistake proofing device is connected with monitoring and improvement of operations in the process.Findings: At the present time the organizations should implement quality tools, techniques, methods which support the prevention strategy and should pay attention to improving each element and operations in the process.Research limitations/implications: Generally activity aim at prevent defects has been described. The Poka-Yoke method of preventing errors by putting limits on how operation can be performed in order to force the correct completion of the operation has been presented.Practical implications: The possibility of implementing of the Poka-Yoke method as a factor of improving operation in the process in the motorizations companies has been shown.Originality/value:value The aim of method Poka-Yoke in those practical examples is to eliminated or minimize human error in manufacturing process and management as a result of mental and physical human imperfections. The graphical proposal: connection the PDCA cycle with the Poka-Yoke has been created.

  6. Investigation of spatial correlation in MR images of human cerebral white matter using geostatistical methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keil, Fabian

    2014-03-20

    Investigating the structure of human cerebral white matter is gaining interest in the neurological as well as in the neuroscientific community. It has been demonstrated in many studies that white matter is a very dynamic structure, rather than a static construct which does not change for a lifetime. That means, structural changes within white matter can be observed even on short timescales, e.g. in the course of normal ageing, neurodegenerative diseases or even during learning processes. To investigate these changes, one method of choice is the texture analysis of images obtained from white matter. In this regard, MRI plays a distinguished role as it provides a completely non-invasive way of acquiring in vivo images of human white matter. This thesis adapted a statistical texture analysis method, known as variography, to quantify the spatial correlation of human cerebral white matter based on MR images. This method, originally introduced in geoscience, relies on the idea of spatial correlation in geological phenomena: in naturally grown structures near things are correlated stronger to each other than distant things. This work reveals that the geological principle of spatial correlation can be applied to MR images of human cerebral white matter and proves that variography is an adequate method to quantify alterations therein. Since the process of MRI data acquisition is completely different to the measuring process used to quantify geological phenomena, the variographic analysis had to be adapted carefully to MR methods in order to provide a correctly working methodology. Therefore, theoretical considerations were evaluated with numerical samples in a first, and validated with real measurements in a second step. It was shown that MR variography facilitates to reduce the information stored in the texture of a white matter image to a few highly significant parameters, thereby quantifying heterogeneity and spatial correlation distance with an accuracy better than 5

  7. Real-Time and Robust Method for Hand Gesture Recognition System Based on Cross-Correlation Coefficient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Azad

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Hand gesture recognition possesses extensive applications in virtual reality, sign language recognition, and computer games. The direct interface of hand gestures provides us a new way for communicating with the virtual environment. In this paper a novel and real-time approach for hand gesture recognition system is presented. In the suggested method, first, the hand gesture is extracted from the main image by the image segmentation and morphological operation and then is sent to feature extraction stage. In feature extraction stage the Cross-correlation coefficient is applied on the gesture to recognize it. In the result part, the proposed approach is applied on American Sign Language (ASL database and the accuracy rate obtained 98.34%.

  8. An efficient method for solving a correlated multi-item inventory system

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Chang-Yong

    2014-01-01

    We propose an efficient method of finding an optimal solution for a multi-item continuous review inventory model in which a bivariate Gaussian probability distribution represents a correlation between the demands of different items. By utilizing appropriate normalizations of the demands, we show that the normalized demands are uncorrelated. Furthermore, the set of equations coupled with different items can be decoupled in such a way that the order quantity and reorder point for each item can be evaluated independently from those of the other. As a result, in contrast to conventional methods, the solution procedure for the proposed method can be much simpler and more accurate without any approximation. To demonstrate the advantage of the proposed method, we present a solution scheme for a multi-item continuous review inventory model in which the demand of optional components depend on that of a "vanilla box", representing the customer's stochastic demand, under stochastic payment and budget constraints. We als...

  9. Selection of an Optimal Method for Calculation of Correlated Color Temperature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheleznikova О. Ye.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to estimation of absolute errors in the methods of correlated color temperature (CCT calculation, namely the methods of Robertson (1968, McCamy (1992, Yoshi Ohno (2013, Javier Hernandez (1999 by means of the program developed by the authors. The work represents graphs of the absolute error distribution across the range of CCT definition. The authors outlined recommendations on use of the above methods in the colorimetric measurement practice based on the obtained results. The work also contains comparison of the “standard” variant of the Robertson’s method using 31 isotherms and the variants using more isotherms. It was demonstrated that with reduction of the period between isotherms the error tends to decrease. The calculation program was implemented with use of Python language and Numpy library, the tables were also computed by means of Python language and Scipy library, the graphs were plotted with the help of Matplotlib library.

  10. Identification of the elastic stiffness of composites using the virtual fields method and digital image correlation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Lebin; Guo, Baoqiao; Xie, Huimin

    2015-04-01

    This paper presents an effective methodology for characterizing the mechanical parameters of composites using digital image correlation combined with the virtual fields method. By using a three-point bending test configuration, this method can identify all mechanical parameters of the material with merely a single test. Successful results verified that this method is especially effective for characterizing composite materials. In this study, the method is applied to measure the orthotropic elastic parameters of fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites before and after the hygrothermal aging process. The results indicate that the hygrothermal aging environment significantly influences the mechanical property of a composite. The components of the parameters in the direction of the fiber bundle decreased significantly. From the accuracy analysis, we found that the actual measurement accuracy is sensitive to a shift of the horizontal edges and rotation of the vertical edges.

  11. Method and apparatus for optimizing operation of a power generating plant using artificial intelligence techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wroblewski, David; Katrompas, Alexander M.; Parikh, Neel J.

    2009-09-01

    A method and apparatus for optimizing the operation of a power generating plant using artificial intelligence techniques. One or more decisions D are determined for at least one consecutive time increment, where at least one of the decisions D is associated with a discrete variable for the operation of a power plant device in the power generating plant. In an illustrated embodiment, the power plant device is a soot cleaning device associated with a boiler.

  12. METHODS OF EVALUATION AND INDICATORS OF OPTIMAL TEMPERATURE OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES AND VEHICLES IN OPERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Volkov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The results of forming methods of determination and system, as a part of the computer-integrated technology of transport operation, estimation of indecies of the optimal temperature state of the ICE and the vehicle under operation conditions, which is provided with the help of analysis of possible schemes and processes of the complex system of combined heating, using the technology of heat accumulation are described.

  13. Method for operating an automobile with a combustion engine with applied ignition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderton, R.A.; Smith, R.R.; Tippler, R.

    1982-01-28

    A method is proposed to operate automobiles with combustion engines with applied ignition directly after the assembly on a petrol-mineral oil mixture; this prevents a spark plug fouling when the cars which hare just been completed are operated on short distances only. This petrol-mineral oil mixture should consist preferably of 95-98 ROZ petrol and mineral oil share of less than 5 vol.% preferably 0,5 vol.%.

  14. Inter-subject correlation in fMRI: method validation against stimulus-model based analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juha Pajula

    Full Text Available Within functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI, the use of the traditional general linear model (GLM based analysis methods is often restricted to strictly controlled research setups requiring a parametric activation model. Instead, Inter-Subject Correlation (ISC method is based on voxel-wise correlation between the time series of the subjects, which makes it completely non-parametric and thus suitable for naturalistic stimulus paradigms such as movie watching. In this study, we compared an ISC based analysis results with those of a GLM based in five distinct controlled research setups. We used International Consortium for Brain Mapping functional reference battery (FRB fMRI data available from the Laboratory of Neuro Imaging image data archive. The selected data included measurements from 37 right-handed subjects, who all had performed the same five tasks from FRB. The GLM was expected to locate activations accurately in FRB data and thus provide good grounds for investigating relationship between ISC and stimulus induced fMRI activation. The statistical maps of ISC and GLM were compared with two measures. The first measure was the Pearson's correlation between the non-thresholded ISC test-statistics and absolute values of the GLM Z-statistics. The average correlation value over five tasks was 0.74. The second was the Dice index between the activation regions of the methods. The average Dice value over the tasks and three threshold levels was 0.73. The results of this study indicated how the data driven ISC analysis found the same foci as the model-based GLM analysis. The agreement of the results is highly interesting, because ISC is applicable in situations where GLM is not suitable, for example, when analyzing data from a naturalistic stimuli experiment.

  15. Method of frequency dependent correlations: investigating the variability of total solar irradiance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelt, J.; Käpylä, M. J.; Olspert, N.

    2017-03-01

    Context. This paper contributes to the field of modeling and hindcasting of the total solar irradiance (TSI) based on different proxy data that extend further back in time than the TSI that is measured from satellites. Aims: We introduce a simple method to analyze persistent frequency-dependent correlations (FDCs) between the time series and use these correlations to hindcast missing historical TSI values. We try to avoid arbitrary choices of the free parameters of the model by computing them using an optimization procedure. The method can be regarded as a general tool for pairs of data sets, where correlating and anticorrelating components can be separated into non-overlapping regions in frequency domain. Methods: Our method is based on low-pass and band-pass filtering with a Gaussian transfer function combined with de-trending and computation of envelope curves. Results: We find a major controversy between the historical proxies and satellite-measured targets: a large variance is detected between the low-frequency parts of targets, while the low-frequency proxy behavior of different measurement series is consistent with high precision. We also show that even though the rotational signal is not strongly manifested in the targets and proxies, it becomes clearly visible in FDC spectrum. A significant part of the variability can be explained by a very simple model consisting of two components: the original proxy describing blanketing by sunspots, and the low-pass-filtered curve describing the overall activity level. The models with the full library of the different building blocks can be applied to hindcasting with a high level of confidence, Rc ≈ 0.90. The usefulness of these models is limited by the major target controversy. Conclusions: The application of the new method to solar data allows us to obtain important insights into the different TSI modeling procedures and their capabilities for hindcasting based on the directly observed time intervals.

  16. The reduction methods of operator's radiation dose for portable dental X-ray machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeong-Yeon Cho

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Objectives This study was aimed to investigate the methods to reduce operator's radiation dose when taking intraoral radiographs with portable dental X-ray machines. Materials and Methods Two kinds of portable dental X-ray machines (DX3000, Dexcowin and Rextar, Posdion were used. Operator's radiation dose was measured with an 1,800 cc ionization chamber (RadCal Corp. at the hand level of X-ray tubehead and at the operator's chest and waist levels with and without the backscatter shield. The operator's radiation dose at the hand level was measured with and without lead gloves and with long and short cones. Results The backscatter shield reduced operator's radiation dose at the hand level of X-ray tubehead to 23 - 32%, the lead gloves to 26 - 31%, and long cone to 48 - 52%. And the backscatter shield reduced operator's radiation dose at the operator's chest and waist levels to 0.1 - 37%. Conclusions When portable dental X-ray systems are used, it is recommended to select X-ray machine attached with a backscatter shield and a long cone and to wear the lead gloves.

  17. Taguchi Method for Development of Mass Flow Rate Correlation using Hydrocarbon Refrigerant Mixture in Capillary Tube

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shodiya Sulaimon

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The capillary tube is an important control device used in small vapor compression refrigeration systems such as window air-conditioners, household refrigerators and freezers. This paper develops a non-dimensional correlation based on the test results of the adiabatic capillary tube for the mass flow rate through the tube using a hydrocarbon refrigerant mixture of 89.3% propane and 10.7% butane (HCM. The Taguchi method, a statistical experimental design approach, was employed. This approach explores the economic benefit that lies in studies of this nature, where only a small number of experiments are required and yet valid results are obtained. Considering the effects of the capillary tube geometry and the inlet condition of the tube, dimensionless parameters were chosen. The new correlation was also based on the Buckingham Pi theorem. This correlation predicts 86.67% of the present experimental data within a relative deviation of -10% to +10%. The predictions by this correlation were also compared with results in published literature.

  18. Applying partial correlation method to analyzing the correlation between ionospheric NmF2 and height of isobaric level in the lower atmosphere

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    On the basis of a multiple linear regression model performed for ionospheric NmF2, partial correlation method is first applied to investigating the relation between NmF2 and h (the height of isobaric level) in the lower atmosphere over Wuhan, China during 1957―2004. The results show that partial correlation method can eliminate the influences of solar and geomagnetic activities as well as the seasonal variation factors and reveal the true correlation between NmF2 and h in the lower atmosphere. A weak positive correlation between NmF2 and h is found in the middle stratosphere. In addition, by comparing the partial correlation coefficients between NmF2 and its influence factors, we find that NmF2 is mainly affected by solar activity and the seasonal variation factors, and weakly affected by geomagnetic activity, but hardly affected by h in the lower atmosphere. The study suggests that partial correlation method is a helpful tool for investigating the correlation between ionospheric parameter and its influence factors.

  19. On an Iterative Method for Finding a Zero to the Sum of Two Maximal Monotone Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongwei Jiao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we consider a problem that consists of finding a zero to the sum of two monotone operators. One method for solving such a problem is the forward-backward splitting method. We present some new conditions that guarantee the weak convergence of the forward-backward method. Applications of these results, including variational inequalities and gradient projection algorithms, are also considered.

  20. Prediction of shear wave velocity using empirical correlations and artificial intelligence methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maleki, Shahoo; Moradzadeh, Ali; Riabi, Reza Ghavami; Gholami, Raoof; Sadeghzadeh, Farhad

    2014-06-01

    Good understanding of mechanical properties of rock formations is essential during the development and production phases of a hydrocarbon reservoir. Conventionally, these properties are estimated from the petrophysical logs with compression and shear sonic data being the main input to the correlations. This is while in many cases the shear sonic data are not acquired during well logging, which may be for cost saving purposes. In this case, shear wave velocity is estimated using available empirical correlations or artificial intelligent methods proposed during the last few decades. In this paper, petrophysical logs corresponding to a well drilled in southern part of Iran were used to estimate the shear wave velocity using empirical correlations as well as two robust artificial intelligence methods knows as Support Vector Regression (SVR) and Back-Propagation Neural Network (BPNN). Although the results obtained by SVR seem to be reliable, the estimated values are not very precise and considering the importance of shear sonic data as the input into different models, this study suggests acquiring shear sonic data during well logging. It is important to note that the benefits of having reliable shear sonic data for estimation of rock formation mechanical properties will compensate the possible additional costs for acquiring a shear log.

  1. Prediction of shear wave velocity using empirical correlations and artificial intelligence methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahoo Maleki

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Good understanding of mechanical properties of rock formations is essential during the development and production phases of a hydrocarbon reservoir. Conventionally, these properties are estimated from the petrophysical logs with compression and shear sonic data being the main input to the correlations. This is while in many cases the shear sonic data are not acquired during well logging, which may be for cost saving purposes. In this case, shear wave velocity is estimated using available empirical correlations or artificial intelligent methods proposed during the last few decades. In this paper, petrophysical logs corresponding to a well drilled in southern part of Iran were used to estimate the shear wave velocity using empirical correlations as well as two robust artificial intelligence methods knows as Support Vector Regression (SVR and Back-Propagation Neural Network (BPNN. Although the results obtained by SVR seem to be reliable, the estimated values are not very precise and considering the importance of shear sonic data as the input into different models, this study suggests acquiring shear sonic data during well logging. It is important to note that the benefits of having reliable shear sonic data for estimation of rock formation mechanical properties will compensate the possible additional costs for acquiring a shear log.

  2. Correlation mapping method of OCT for visualization blood vessels in brain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izotova, O. A.; Kalyanov, A. L.; Lychagov, V. V.; Semyachkina-Glushkovskaya, O. V.

    2013-11-01

    The burning issue in modern medicine is the diagnosis and treatment of various life-threatening diseases, in particular the diseases of brain. One of them is intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). It occurs especially among newborn babies and is hard-diagnosed. In order to understand the nature of the ICH, the microcirculation of blood, which serves key functions within the body, is analyzed. On this basis a series of experiments was done, in the results of which it was showed, that latent stage of ICH is characterized by decrease of venous blood outflow and the loss of sensitivity of sagittal vein to vasoconstrictor effect of adrenaline. So, stress-related changes of the cerebral venous blood flow (CVBF) can be the source of this disease. In this paper registration CVBF was made with the help of commercially available Thorlabs Swept Source OCT System, using the correlation mapping method. In this method values of correlation coefficient of several images are analyzed. In the result of the algorithm the correlation map was obtained. By the resulting map the diameter of vessels was calculated, which is necessary for examination of effects of adrenalin to the vessels and identification symptoms of ICH.

  3. Two methods for estimating aeroelastic damping of operational wind turbine modes from experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Hartvig; Thomsen, Kenneth; Fuglsang, Peter;

    2006-01-01

    on stochastic subspace identification, where a linear model of the turbine is estimated alone from measured response signals by assuming that the ambient excitation from turbulence is random in time and space. Although the assumption is not satisfied, this operational modal analysis method can handle......The theory and results of two experimental methods for estimating the modal damping of a wind turbine during operation are presented. Estimations of the aeroelastic damping of the operational turbine modes (including the effects of the aerodynamic forces) give a quantitative view of the stability...... characteristics of the turbine. In the first method the estimation of modal damping is based on the assumption that a turbine mode can be excited by a harmonic force at its natural frequency, whereby the decaying response after the end of excitation gives an estimate of the damping. Simulations and experiments...

  4. [Method of detection of residual tissues in recurrent operations on the thyroid gland].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gostimskiĭ, A V; Romanchishen, A F; Zaĭtseva, I V; Kuznetsova, Iu V

    2014-01-01

    A search of residual tissues is complicated in recurrent operations on the thyroid gland. The Saint-Petersburg Centre of Surgery of the Endocrine System and Oncology developed the method of detection of residual tissues of the thyroid gland with the aim of preoperative chromothyroidolymphography under control of ultrasound. The method consisted of US performance during 15-20 minutes before the operation and an introduction of 1% sterile water solution of methylene blue in revealed residual tissues of the thyroid gland. The volume of injected coloring agent was 0.5-2 ml in the residual tissue volume smaller than 9 cm3 and 2-3 ml injected in case of more than 9 cm3. The residual tissues of the thyroid gland accurately visualized during the following operation. Described method gives the possibility to detect all regions of residual tissues which should be removed and at the same time it shortens a revision and surgery trauma.

  5. An autonomous surface discontinuity detection and quantification method by digital image correlation and phase congruency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cinar, A. F.; Barhli, S. M.; Hollis, D.; Flansbjer, M.; Tomlinson, R. A.; Marrow, T. J.; Mostafavi, M.

    2017-09-01

    Digital image correlation has been routinely used to measure full-field displacements in many areas of solid mechanics, including fracture mechanics. Accurate segmentation of the crack path is needed to study its interaction with the microstructure and stress fields, and studies of crack behaviour, such as the effect of closure or residual stress in fatigue, require data on its opening displacement. Such information can be obtained from any digital image correlation analysis of cracked components, but it collection by manual methods is quite onerous, particularly for massive amounts of data. We introduce the novel application of Phase Congruency to detect and quantify cracks and their opening. Unlike other crack detection techniques, Phase Congruency does not rely on adjustable threshold values that require user interaction, and so allows large datasets to be treated autonomously. The accuracy of the Phase Congruency based algorithm in detecting cracks is evaluated and compared with conventional methods such as Heaviside function fitting. As Phase Congruency is a displacement-based method, it does not suffer from the noise intensification to which gradient-based methods (e.g. strain thresholding) are susceptible. Its application is demonstrated to experimental data for cracks in quasi-brittle (Granitic rock) and ductile (Aluminium alloy) materials.

  6. Tree Tensor Network State with Variable Tensor Order: An Efficient Multireference Method for Strongly Correlated Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murg, V; Verstraete, F; Schneider, R; Nagy, P R; Legeza, Ö

    2015-03-10

    We study the tree-tensor-network-state (TTNS) method with variable tensor orders for quantum chemistry. TTNS is a variational method to efficiently approximate complete active space (CAS) configuration interaction (CI) wave functions in a tensor product form. TTNS can be considered as a higher order generalization of the matrix product state (MPS) method. The MPS wave function is formulated as products of matrices in a multiparticle basis spanning a truncated Hilbert space of the original CAS-CI problem. These matrices belong to active orbitals organized in a one-dimensional array, while tensors in TTNS are defined upon a tree-like arrangement of the same orbitals. The tree-structure is advantageous since the distance between two arbitrary orbitals in the tree scales only logarithmically with the number of orbitals N, whereas the scaling is linear in the MPS array. It is found to be beneficial from the computational costs point of view to keep strongly correlated orbitals in close vicinity in both arrangements; therefore, the TTNS ansatz is better suited for multireference problems with numerous highly correlated orbitals. To exploit the advantages of TTNS a novel algorithm is designed to optimize the tree tensor network topology based on quantum information theory and entanglement. The superior performance of the TTNS method is illustrated on the ionic-neutral avoided crossing of LiF. It is also shown that the avoided crossing of LiF can be localized using only ground state properties, namely one-orbital entanglement.

  7. Representation of discrete Steklov-Poincare operator arising in domain decomposition methods in wavelet basis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jemcov, A.; Matovic, M.D. [Queen`s Univ., Kingston, Ontario (Canada)

    1996-12-31

    This paper examines the sparse representation and preconditioning of a discrete Steklov-Poincare operator which arises in domain decomposition methods. A non-overlapping domain decomposition method is applied to a second order self-adjoint elliptic operator (Poisson equation), with homogeneous boundary conditions, as a model problem. It is shown that the discrete Steklov-Poincare operator allows sparse representation with a bounded condition number in wavelet basis if the transformation is followed by thresholding and resealing. These two steps combined enable the effective use of Krylov subspace methods as an iterative solution procedure for the system of linear equations. Finding the solution of an interface problem in domain decomposition methods, known as a Schur complement problem, has been shown to be equivalent to the discrete form of Steklov-Poincare operator. A common way to obtain Schur complement matrix is by ordering the matrix of discrete differential operator in subdomain node groups then block eliminating interface nodes. The result is a dense matrix which corresponds to the interface problem. This is equivalent to reducing the original problem to several smaller differential problems and one boundary integral equation problem for the subdomain interface.

  8. Studying the correlation between different word sense disambiguation methods and summarization effectiveness in biomedical texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Díaz Alberto

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Word sense disambiguation (WSD attempts to solve lexical ambiguities by identifying the correct meaning of a word based on its context. WSD has been demonstrated to be an important step in knowledge-based approaches to automatic summarization. However, the correlation between the accuracy of the WSD methods and the summarization performance has never been studied. Results We present three existing knowledge-based WSD approaches and a graph-based summarizer. Both the WSD approaches and the summarizer employ the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS Metathesaurus as the knowledge source. We first evaluate WSD directly, by comparing the prediction of the WSD methods to two reference sets: the NLM WSD dataset and the MSH WSD collection. We next apply the different WSD methods as part of the summarizer, to map documents onto concepts in the UMLS Metathesaurus, and evaluate the summaries that are generated. The results obtained by the different methods in both evaluations are studied and compared. Conclusions It has been found that the use of WSD techniques has a positive impact on the results of our graph-based summarizer, and that, when both the WSD and summarization tasks are assessed over large and homogeneous evaluation collections, there exists a correlation between the overall results of the WSD and summarization tasks. Furthermore, the best WSD algorithm in the first task tends to be also the best one in the second. However, we also found that the improvement achieved by the summarizer is not directly correlated with the WSD performance. The most likely reason is that the errors in disambiguation are not equally important but depend on the relative salience of the different concepts in the document to be summarized.

  9. Using Correlation Adaptometry Method in Assessing Societal Stress: a Ukrainian Case

    CERN Document Server

    Rybnikov, Svyatoslav

    2012-01-01

    Societal stress may cause far reaching political, economic and even geological effects. Nevertheless, it is still scarcely investigated, contrary to social stress, which an individual faces in their interactions within a society. It is natural to suppose that in its adaptation, society demonstrates the same objective laws that biological population does, since they are, in fact, the closest systems. In the survey, the hypothesis is tested that the collective stress effect holds true in society, which must appear (as it happens according to correlation adaptometry method in biological systems) in escalation of both correlations between societal characteristics and their dispersion. Both tends are observed in Ukrainian society during 2009-2012, as a result of political elections that affect societal anxiety.

  10. A new method for correlation analysis of compositional (environmental) data - a worked example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reimann, C; Filzmoser, P; Hron, K; Kynčlová, P; Garrett, R G

    2017-12-31

    Most data in environmental sciences and geochemistry are compositional. Already the unit used to report the data (e.g., μg/l, mg/kg, wt%) implies that the analytical results for each element are not free to vary independently of the other measured variables. This is often neglected in statistical analysis, where a simple log-transformation of the single variables is insufficient to put the data into an acceptable geometry. This is also important for bivariate data analysis and for correlation analysis, for which the data need to be appropriately log-ratio transformed. A new approach based on the isometric log-ratio (ilr) transformation, leading to so-called symmetric coordinates, is presented here. Summarizing the correlations in a heat-map gives a powerful tool for bivariate data analysis. Here an application of the new method using a data set from a regional geochemical mapping project based on soil O and C horizon samples is demonstrated. Differences to 'classical' correlation analysis based on log-transformed data are highlighted. The fact that some expected strong positive correlations appear and remain unchanged even following a log-ratio transformation has probably led to the misconception that the special nature of compositional data can be ignored when working with trace elements. The example dataset is employed to demonstrate that using 'classical' correlation analysis and plotting XY diagrams, scatterplots, based on the original or simply log-transformed data can easily lead to severe misinterpretations of the relationships between elements. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Method for simulating predictive control of building systems operation in the early stages of building design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Steffen; Svendsen, Svend

    2011-01-01

    A method for simulating predictive control of building systems operation in the early stages of building design is presented. The method uses building simulation based on weather forecasts to predict whether there is a future heating or cooling requirement. This information enables the thermal...... control systems of the building to respond proactively to keep the operational temperature within the thermal comfort range with the minimum use of energy. The method is implemented in an existing building simulation tool designed to inform decisions in the early stages of building design through...... parametric analysis. This enables building designers to predict the performance of the method and include it as a part of the solution space. The method furthermore facilitates the task of configuring appropriate building systems control schemes in the tool, and it eliminates time consuming manual...

  12. Managing Variety in Configure-to-Order Products - An Operational Method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Myrodia, Anna; Hvam, Lars

    2014-01-01

    Companies producing customized products tend to increase the variety of their product portfolio, in order to fulfill the demand of their customers and align their strategies with those of competitors. However, the profitability of product families may vary greatly. The purpose of this paper...... is to develop an operational method to analyze profitability of Configure-To-Order (CTO) products. The operational method consists of a four-step: analysis of product assortment, profitability analysis on configured products, market and competitor analysis and, product assortment scenarios analysis...

  13. High pressure feeder and method of operating to feed granular or fine materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vimalchand, Pannalal; Liu, Guohai; Peng, Wan Wang

    2016-08-09

    A coal feed system to feed pulverized low rank coals containing up to 25 wt % moisture to gasifiers operating up to 1000 psig pressure is described. The system includes gas distributor and collector gas permeable pipes imbedded in the lock vessel. Different methods of operation of the feed system are disclosed to minimize feed problems associated with bridging and packing of the pulverized coal. The method of maintaining the feed system and feeder device exit pressures using gas addition or extraction with the pressure control device is also described.

  14. Correlating the EMC analysis and testing methods for space systems in MIL-STD-1541A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Reinaldo J.

    1990-01-01

    A study was conducted to improve the correlation between the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) analysis models stated in MIL-STD-1541A and the suggested testing methods used for space systems. The test and analysis methods outlined in MIL-STD-1541A are described, and a comparative assessment of testing and analysis techniques as they relate to several EMC areas is presented. Suggestions on present analysis and test methods are introduced to harmonize and bring the analysis and testing tools in MIL-STD-1541A into closer agreement. It is suggested that test procedures in MIL-STD-1541A must be improved by providing alternatives to the present use of shielded enclosures as the primary site for such tests. In addition, the alternate use of anechoic chambers and open field test sites must be considered.

  15. Deformation Study of Papandayan Volcano using GPS Survey Method and Its Correlation with Seismic Data Observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina A. Sarsito

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Papandayan volcano located in the southern part of Garut regency, around 70 km away from Bandung city, West Java. Many methods carried out to monitoring the activities of volcano, both continuously or periodically, one of the monitoring method is periodically GPS survey. Basically those surveys are carried out to understand the pattern and velocity of displacement which occurred in the volcano body, both horizontally and vertically, and also others deformation elements such as; translation, rotation and dilatation. The Mogi modeling was also used to determine the location and volume of the pressure source which caused deformation of volcano body. By comparing seismic activity and the deformation reveal from GPS measurement, before, during and after eruption, it could be understood there is a correlation between the seismicity and its deformation. These studies is hoping that GPS measurement in Papandayan volcano could be one of supported method to determine the volcano activities, at least in Papandayan volcano.

  16. Practical approximation method for firing-rate models of coupled neural networks with correlated inputs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barreiro, Andrea K.; Ly, Cheng

    2017-08-01

    Rapid experimental advances now enable simultaneous electrophysiological recording of neural activity at single-cell resolution across large regions of the nervous system. Models of this neural network activity will necessarily increase in size and complexity, thus increasing the computational cost of simulating them and the challenge of analyzing them. Here we present a method to approximate the activity and firing statistics of a general firing rate network model (of the Wilson-Cowan type) subject to noisy correlated background inputs. The method requires solving a system of transcendental equations and is fast compared to Monte Carlo simulations of coupled stochastic differential equations. We implement the method with several examples of coupled neural networks and show that the results are quantitatively accurate even with moderate coupling strengths and an appreciable amount of heterogeneity in many parameters. This work should be useful for investigating how various neural attributes qualitatively affect the spiking statistics of coupled neural networks.

  17. Computation of electronic structure and magnetic properties of strongly correlated materials with LDA+DMFT method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skornyakov, S. L.; Anisimov, V. I.

    2015-04-01

    In this review, we describe general ideas of the LDA+DMFT method which merges dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) and density functional theory (in particular the local density approximation (LDA)). Nowadays, the LDA+DMFT computational scheme is the most powerful numerical tool for studying physical properties of real materials and chemical compounds. It incorporates the advantage of DMFT to treat the full range of local dynamical Coulomb correlations and the ability of band methods to describe material-specific band dispersion caused by the lattice periodicity. We briefly discuss underlying physical ideas of LDA+DMFT and its mathematical implementation. Then different algorithms applied to solution of the DMFT impurity problem are briefly described. We then give examples of successful applications of the LDA+DMFT method to study spectral and magnetic properties of recently synthesized compounds like pnictide superconductors as well as classic charge-transfer systems NiO and MnO.

  18. Self-consistent implementation of ensemble density functional theory method for multiple strongly correlated electron pairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filatov, Michael; Liu, Fang; Kim, Kwang S.; Martínez, Todd J.

    2016-12-01

    The spin-restricted ensemble-referenced Kohn-Sham (REKS) method is based on an ensemble representation of the density and is capable of correctly describing the non-dynamic electron correlation stemming from (near-)degeneracy of several electronic configurations. The existing REKS methodology describes systems with two electrons in two fractionally occupied orbitals. In this work, the REKS methodology is extended to treat systems with four fractionally occupied orbitals accommodating four electrons and self-consistent implementation of the REKS(4,4) method with simultaneous optimization of the orbitals and their fractional occupation numbers is reported. The new method is applied to a number of molecular systems where simultaneous dissociation of several chemical bonds takes place, as well as to the singlet ground states of organic tetraradicals 2,4-didehydrometaxylylene and 1,4,6,9-spiro[4.4]nonatetrayl.

  19. Correlación entre diferentes métodos de evaluación de color en el clareamiento dental. Correlation between different methods for co

    OpenAIRE

    Grez, Patrício Vildosóla; Casielles, Javier Martin; Godoy,Eduardo Fernandez; Aguirre,pablo Angel; Reyes, Ivonne Ovalle; Andrade, Marcelo Ferrarezi de [UNESP; Cortés,Gustavo Moncada; Oliveira Júnior, Osmir Batista de [UNESP

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation of color change on bleaching tooth through delta E (ΔE) by the spectrophotometer Spectroshade (SS) and digital program Scanwhite (SW). Methods: 25 patient volunteers were recruited from Operative Dentistry at Universidad de Chile Dental School, between 18 to 30 years, with good oral hygiene. Exclusion criteria: Previous experienced tooth bleaching, anterior restorations, cervical lesions, pain dental, pregnant patient, stained teeth, malpo...

  20. The reduction methods of operator's radiation dose for portable dental X-ray machines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Jeong-Yeon; Han, Won-Jeong

    2012-08-01

    This study was aimed to investigate the methods to reduce operator's radiation dose when taking intraoral radiographs with portable dental X-ray machines. Two kinds of portable dental X-ray machines (DX3000, Dexcowin and Rextar, Posdion) were used. Operator's radiation dose was measured with an 1,800 cc ionization chamber (RadCal Corp.) at the hand level of X-ray tubehead and at the operator's chest and waist levels with and without the backscatter shield. The operator's radiation dose at the hand level was measured with and without lead gloves and with long and short cones. The backscatter shield reduced operator's radiation dose at the hand level of X-ray tubehead to 23 - 32%, the lead gloves to 26 - 31%, and long cone to 48 - 52%. And the backscatter shield reduced operator's radiation dose at the operator's chest and waist levels to 0.1 - 37%. When portable dental X-ray systems are used, it is recommended to select X-ray machine attached with a backscatter shield and a long cone and to wear the lead gloves.

  1. Low-derivative operators of the Standard Model effective field theory via Hilbert series methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lehman, Landon; Martin, Adam [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame,Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States)

    2016-02-12

    In this work, we explore an extension of Hilbert series techniques to count operators that include derivatives. For sufficiently low-derivative operators, we conjecture an algorithm that gives the number of invariant operators, properly accounting for redundancies due to the equations of motion and integration by parts. Specifically, the conjectured technique can be applied whenever there is only one Lorentz invariant for a given partitioning of derivatives among the fields. At higher numbers of derivatives, equation of motion redundancies can be removed, but the increased number of Lorentz contractions spoils the subtraction of integration by parts redundancies. While restricted, this technique is sufficient to automatically recreate the complete set of invariant operators of the Standard Model effective field theory for dimensions 6 and 7 (for arbitrary numbers of flavors). At dimension 8, the algorithm does not automatically generate the complete operator set; however, it suffices for all but five classes of operators. For these remaining classes, there is a well defined procedure to manually determine the number of invariants. Assuming our method is correct, we derive a set of 535 dimension-8 N{sub f}=1 operators.

  2. Low-derivative operators of the Standard Model effective field theory via Hilbert series methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehman, Landon; Martin, Adam

    2016-02-01

    In this work, we explore an extension of Hilbert series techniques to count operators that include derivatives. For sufficiently low-derivative operators, we conjecture an algorithm that gives the number of invariant operators, properly accounting for redundancies due to the equations of motion and integration by parts. Specifically, the conjectured technique can be applied whenever there is only one Lorentz invariant for a given partitioning of derivatives among the fields. At higher numbers of derivatives, equation of motion redundancies can be removed, but the increased number of Lorentz contractions spoils the subtraction of integration by parts redundancies. While restricted, this technique is sufficient to automatically recreate the complete set of invariant operators of the Standard Model effective field theory for dimensions 6 and 7 (for arbitrary numbers of flavors). At dimension 8, the algorithm does not automatically generate the complete operator set; however, it suffices for all but five classes of operators. For these remaining classes, there is a well defined procedure to manually determine the number of invariants. Assuming our method is correct, we derive a set of 535 dimension-8 N f = 1 operators.

  3. Digital image correlation method for calculating coefficients of Williams expansion in compact tension specimen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayatollahi, Majid R.; Moazzami, Mostafa

    2017-03-01

    The digital image correlation (DIC) method is used to obtain the coefficients of higher-order terms in the Williams expansion in a compact tension (CT) specimens made of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). The displacement field is determined by the correlation between reference image (i.e., before deformation) and deformed image. The part of displacements resulting from rigid body motion and rotation is eliminated from the displacement field. For a large number of points in the vicinity of the crack tip, an over-determined set of simultaneous linear equations is collected, and by using the fundamental concepts of the least-squares method, the coefficients of the Williams expansion are calculated for pure mode I conditions. The experimental results are then compared with the numerical results calculated by finite element method (FEM). Very good agreement is shown to exist between the DIC and FE results confirming the effectiveness of the DIC technique in obtaining the coefficients of higher order terms of Williams series expansion from the displacement field around the crack tip.

  4. HORIZONTAL FLOWS IN ACTIVE REGIONS FROM RING-DIAGRAM AND LOCAL CORRELATION TRACKING METHODS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jain, Kiran; Tripathy, S. C.; Komm, R.; Hill, F. [National Solar Observatory, 950 N Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Ravindra, B., E-mail: kjain@nso.edu [Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Block 2, Koramangala, Bangaluru, 560034 (India)

    2016-01-01

    Continuous high-cadence and high spatial resolution Dopplergrams allow us to study subsurface dynamics that may be further extended to explore precursors of visible solar activity on the surface. Since the p-mode power is absorbed in the regions of high magnetic field, the inferences in these regions are often presumed to have large uncertainties. In this paper, using the Dopplergrams from space-borne Helioseismic Magnetic Imager, we compare horizontal flows in a shear layer below the surface and the photospheric layer in and around active regions. The photospheric flows are calculated using the local correlation tracking (LCT) method, while the ring-diagram technique of helioseismology is used to infer flows in the subphotospheric shear layer. We find a strong positive correlation between flows from both methods near the surface. This implies that despite the absorption of acoustic power in the regions of strong magnetic field, the flows inferred from the helioseismology are comparable to those from the surface measurements. However, the magnitudes are significantly different; the flows from the LCT method are smaller by a factor of 2 than the helioseismic measurements. Also, the median difference between the direction of corresponding vectors is 49°.

  5. Calculation of Expectation Values of Operators in the Complex Scaling Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadimitriou, G.

    2016-09-01

    The complex scaling method (CSM) provides with a way to obtain resonance parameters of particle unstable states by rotating the coordinates and momenta of the original Hamiltonian. It is convenient to use an L^2 integrable basis to resolve the complex rotated or complex scaled Hamiltonian H_{θ }, with θ being the angle of rotation in the complex energy plane. Within the CSM, resonance and scattering solutions have fall-off asymptotics. One of the consequences is that, expectation values of operators in a resonance or scattering complex scaled solution are calculated by complex rotating the operators. In this work we are exploring applications of the CSM on calculations of expectation values of quantum mechanical operators by using the regularized backrotation technique and calculating hence the expectation value using the unrotated operator. The test cases involve a schematic two-body Gaussian model and also applications using realistic interactions.

  6. Dynamic Exergy Method for Evaluating the Control and Operation of Oxy-Combustion Boiler Island Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Bo; Zhao, Haibo; Zheng, Chuguang; Liang, Zhiwu

    2017-01-03

    Exergy-based methods are widely applied to assess the performance of energy conversion systems; however, these methods mainly focus on a certain steady-state and have limited applications for evaluating the control impacts on system operation. To dynamically obtain the thermodynamic behavior and reveal the influences of control structures, layers and loops, on system energy performance, a dynamic exergy method is developed, improved, and applied to a complex oxy-combustion boiler island system for the first time. The three most common operating scenarios are studied, and the results show that the flow rate change process leads to less energy consumption than oxygen purity and air in-leakage change processes. The variation of oxygen purity produces the largest impact on system operation, and the operating parameter sensitivity is not affected by the presence of process control. The control system saves energy during flow rate and oxygen purity change processes, while it consumes energy during the air in-leakage change process. More attention should be paid to the oxygen purity change because it requires the largest control cost. In the control system, the supervisory control layer requires the greatest energy consumption and the largest control cost to maintain operating targets, while the steam control loops cause the main energy consumption.

  7. Correlation Coefficients Between Different Methods of Expressing Bacterial Quantification Using Real Time PCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahman Navidshad

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The applications of conventional culture-dependent assays to quantify bacteria populations are limited by their dependence on the inconsistent success of the different culture-steps involved. In addition, some bacteria can be pathogenic or a source of endotoxins and pose a health risk to the researchers. Bacterial quantification based on the real-time PCR method can overcome the above-mentioned problems. However, the quantification of bacteria using this approach is commonly expressed as absolute quantities even though the composition of samples (like those of digesta can vary widely; thus, the final results may be affected if the samples are not properly homogenized, especially when multiple samples are to be pooled together before DNA extraction. The objective of this study was to determine the correlation coefficients between four different methods of expressing the output data of real-time PCR-based bacterial quantification. The four methods were: (i the common absolute method expressed as the cell number of specific bacteria per gram of digesta; (ii the Livak and Schmittgen, ΔΔCt method; (iii the Pfaffl equation; and (iv a simple relative method based on the ratio of cell number of specific bacteria to the total bacterial cells. Because of the effect on total bacteria population in the results obtained using ΔCt-based methods (ΔΔCt and Pfaffl, these methods lack the acceptable consistency to be used as valid and reliable methods in real-time PCR-based bacterial quantification studies. On the other hand, because of the variable compositions of digesta samples, a simple ratio of cell number of specific bacteria to the corresponding total bacterial cells of the same sample can be a more accurate method to quantify the population.

  8. Simplified method for including spatial correlations in mean-field approximations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markham, Deborah C.; Simpson, Matthew J.; Baker, Ruth E.

    2013-06-01

    Biological systems involving proliferation, migration, and death are observed across all scales. For example, they govern cellular processes such as wound healing, as well as the population dynamics of groups of organisms. In this paper, we provide a simplified method for correcting mean-field approximations of volume-excluding birth-death-movement processes on a regular lattice. An initially uniform distribution of agents on the lattice may give rise to spatial heterogeneity, depending on the relative rates of proliferation, migration, and death. Many frameworks chosen to model these systems neglect spatial correlations, which can lead to inaccurate predictions of their behavior. For example, the logistic model is frequently chosen, which is the mean-field approximation in this case. This mean-field description can be corrected by including a system of ordinary differential equations for pairwise correlations between lattice site occupancies at various lattice distances. In this work we discuss difficulties with this method and provide a simplification in the form of a partial differential equation description for the evolution of pairwise spatial correlations over time. We test our simplified model against the more complex corrected mean-field model, finding excellent agreement. We show how our model successfully predicts system behavior in regions where the mean-field approximation shows large discrepancies. Additionally, we investigate regions of parameter space where migration is reduced relative to proliferation, which has not been examined in detail before and find our method is successful at correcting the deviations observed in the mean-field model in these parameter regimes.

  9. Technical Note: Method to correlate whole-specimen histopathology of radical prostatectomy with diagnostic MR imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McGrath, Deirdre M., E-mail: d.mcgrath@sheffield.ac.uk; Lee, Jenny; Foltz, Warren D. [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2M9 (Canada); Samavati, Navid [Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G9 (Canada); Jewett, Michael A. S. [Departments of Surgery (Urology) and Surgical Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2M9 (Canada); Kwast, Theo van der [Pathology Department, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2C4 (Canada); Chung, Peter [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2M9 (Canada); Ménard, Cynthia [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2M9, Canada and Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal, 1058 Rue Saint-Denis, Montréal, Québec H2X 3J4 (Canada); Brock, Kristy K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48108 (United States)

    2016-03-15

    Purpose: Validation of MRI-guided tumor boundary delineation for targeted prostate cancer therapy is achieved via correlation with gold-standard histopathology of radical prostatectomy specimens. Challenges to accurate correlation include matching the pathology sectioning plane with the in vivo imaging slice plane and correction for the deformation that occurs between in vivo imaging and histology. A methodology is presented for matching of the histological sectioning angle and position to the in vivo imaging slices. Methods: Patients (n = 4) with biochemical failure following external beam radiotherapy underwent diagnostic MRI to confirm localized recurrence of prostate cancer, followed by salvage radical prostatectomy. High-resolution 3-D MRI of the ex vivo specimens was acquired to determine the pathology sectioning angle that best matched the in vivo imaging slice plane, using matching anatomical features and implanted fiducials. A novel sectioning device was developed to guide sectioning at the correct angle, and to assist the insertion of reference dye marks to aid in histopathology reconstruction. Results: The percentage difference in the positioning of the urethra in the ex vivo pathology sections compared to the positioning in in vivo images was reduced from 34% to 7% through slicing at the best match angle. Reference dye marks were generated, which were visible in ex vivo imaging, in the tissue sections before and after processing, and in histology sections. Conclusions: The method achieved an almost fivefold reduction in the slice-matching error and is readily implementable in combination with standard MRI technology. The technique will be employed to generate datasets for correlation of whole-specimen prostate histopathology with in vivo diagnostic MRI using 3-D deformable registration, allowing assessment of the sensitivity and specificity of MRI parameters for prostate cancer. Although developed specifically for prostate, the method is readily

  10. Neutron Star masses from the Field Correlator Method Equation of State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zappalà D.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available We analyse the hadron-quark phase transition in neutron stars by confronting the hadronic Equation of State (EoS obtained according to the microscopic Brueckner-Hartree-Fock many body theory, with the quark matter EoS derived within the Field Correlator Method. In particular, the latter EoS is only parametrized in terms of the gluon condensate and the large distance quark-antiquark potential, so that the comparison of the results of this analysis with the most recent measurements of heavy neutron star masses provides some physical constraints on these two parameters.

  11. Interaction of Shock Waves in Cement Mortar Plate Investigated by the Digital Speckle Correlation Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Xu-Dong; LIU Kai-Xin; ZHANG Guang-Sheng; WEN Shang-Gang; TAN Fu-Li

    2008-01-01

    @@ Interaction of shock waves in cement mortar plate is studied by digital speckle correlation method and digital high-speed photography technique. When the plates were destroyed by two detonators exploding at the same time, variation of shock wave field is obtained. Experimental results show that the interaction of shock waves will result in a nonlinear huge increase of local normal strain, leading to large deformation and serious destruction. However, the occurrence of this strongly nonlinear phenomenon sensitively depends on the interval between detonators, and it will only appear when the interval is smaller than the diameter of the region where shock waves exist.

  12. Application Method of Anthropometric Data for Operator Console of Exportable Research Reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryu, Goo Hyun; Lee, Jun Hun; Jeng, Ja Won; Lee, Youn Sang; Kim, Min Gyu [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    This paper studied the method to apply the anthropometric data to operator console and large display that used to control room of the exportable research reactor. It is difficult to provide an appropriate operation environment personally to all operators. Therefore, this paper studied method to provide comfortable operation space common to most operators. In the future, it will be possible to enhance the completeness through conformity assessment of the design based on this paper. Therefore, the results of this paper will be an important basic data to design suitable for body size of the user for exportable products such as large display and operator console. Nuclear-related domestic technology has been exported overseas, starting with the JRTR (Jordan Research and Training Reactor) which is currently on its development scheduled to operate in March 2015. It means that Korean nuclear technology has reached the global level already. Therefore, design standards of Human Factors Engineering (HFE) are needed for good products to make more comfortable and suitable for export products. In addition, U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) reported that the Three Mile Island (TMI) accident in 1979 has been caused by inappropriate design of control panel, human errors, and incorrect procedures. Accordingly, the importance of HFE was raised. In this paper, we studied the application of anthropometric data for operator console and large display of exportable research reactor. Research for nuclear power has been active around the world with environment friendly image. Therefore, it is also very important to study the HFE as a big part in the field of nuclear safety.

  13. APLICATION OF ABC METHOD FROM AN OPERATOR OF WATER AND SEWERAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FÜLÖP ÁRPÁD-ZOLTÁN

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available At the time of the appearance of the ABC method, many specialists considered that they found the most opportune method of calculation to allocate the overhead costs on the cost objects, otherwise said to be able to calculate the total cost of a product or service. Because the method is based on determining the total cost, we can consider that the ABC method is not a method of costing, but rather a method of cost management. Unfortunately, in the specialized literature of Roumania there are many approaches which consider that the ABC method is a method of costing in the traditional way, although in our opinion it is not. Application of ABC method to a regional operator of water and sewerage shows us the possibilities of the method, the possibilities that are offered in the field of cost and administration overhead management, respectively of the establishment of the accounting result on the different cost objects. In case of the regional operator the calculation object is the city or township in which provides the services of water and sewage.

  14. Application of digital image correlation method for analysing crack variation of reinforced concrete beams

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ming-Hsiang Shih; Wen-Pei Sung

    2013-08-01

    The Digital Image Correlation (DIC) method is a fast-growing emerging technology that provides a low-cost method for measuring the strain of an object. In this study, the feasibility of using this method to observe cracks developed in reinforced concrete beams will be explored so that a practical application can be proposed. The DIC method has been applied for analysing the field of surface displacement and strain; it is not applicable for measuring non-continuous field of displacement. However, if a singular point (i.e., crack points) can be considered as the area of concentrated strain by imitating the treatment of micro-cracks using the finite element method, the region of concentrated strain field based on analyses of digital images can be applied for determining the locations of cracks. Laboratory results show that cracks developed in reinforced cement beams can be observed with a good precision using the von Mises strain field, and that smaller grids lead to clearer crack images. In addition to identifying visible cracks, the DIC image analysis will enable researchers to identify minute cracks that are not visible to naked eyes. Additionally, the DIC method has more accuracy and precision than visual observation for analysing crack loadings so that earlier warnings can be realized before cracks develop in the specimen.

  15. Tide forecasting method based on dynamic weight distribution for operational evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shao-wei QIU; Zeng-chuan DONG; Fen XU; Li SUN; Sheng CHEN

    2009-01-01

    Through analysis of operational evaluation factors for tide forecasting, the relationship between the evaluation factors and the weights of forecasters was examined. A tide forecasting method based on dynamic weight distribution for operational evaluation was developed, and multiple-forecaster synchronous forecasting was realized while avoiding the instability cased by only one forecaster. Weights were distributed to the forecasters according to each one's forecast precision. An evaluation criterion for the professional level of the forecasters was also built. The eligibility rates of forecast results demonstrate the skill of the forecasters and the stability of their forecasts. With the developed tide forecasting method, the precision and reasonableness of tide forecasting are improved. The application of the present method to tide forecasting at the Huangpu Park tidal station demonstrates the validity of the method.

  16. Fuzzy PID Control Method for Internet-based Tele-operation Manipulators System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Gao

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Trajectory tracking control problem for internet-based tele-operation system is researched in this paper. The control structure of master and slave tele-operation manipulators adapts bilateral servo control architecture with force deviation feedback. The simulation model of three degrees of freedom (3-DOF manipulator is presented. In order to ensure the synchronization of positions of the master and slave manipulators, a fuzzy PID control method is proposed. This control algorithm is to adjust the three parameters of PID controller online by fuzzy control method. The contrast simulation experiments of PID and fuzzy PID control methods show that the proposed control method can effectively improve the force and position tracking performance and reduce time delay.

  17. Calculating Massive 3-loop Graphs for Operator Matrix Elements by the Method of Hyperlogarithms

    CERN Document Server

    Ablinger, Jakob; Raab, Clemens; Schneider, Carsten; Wißbrock, Fabian

    2014-01-01

    We calculate convergent 3-loop Feynman diagrams containing a single massive loop equipped with twist $\\tau =2$ local operator insertions corresponding to spin $N$. They contribute to the massive operator matrix elements in QCD describing the massive Wilson coefficients for deep-inelastic scattering at large virtualities. Diagrams of this kind can be computed using an extended version to the method of hyperlogarithms, originally being designed for massless Feynman diagrams without operators. The method is applied to Benz- and $V$-type graphs, belonging to the genuine 3-loop topologies. In case of the $V$-type graphs with five massive propagators new types of nested sums and iterated integrals emerge. The sums are given in terms of finite binomially and inverse binomially weighted generalized cyclotomic sums, while the 1-dimensionally iterated integrals are based on a set of $\\sim 30$ square-root valued letters. We also derive the asymptotic representations of the nested sums and present the solution for $N \\in...

  18. The Synthesis Method of Automated System of Operational Planning in Low-Space Communication System Messaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serhii Kovbasiuk

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the reasons for the decrease of efficiency in low-speed communication systems, satellite communication, which are based on nanoplatform is a high degree of operational planning centralisation. To overcome this problem the method which carries out the distribution of tasks of communications operational planning minimizing the exchange of information between spatially remote sites, and takes into account the computing performance of software and hardware was developed. The technique is based on the use of methods of structural and parametric synthesis, simulation and statistical analysis of the results. Its use allows to obtain the optimal structure of the automated system of operational planning in low-space communication system messaging evaluation of efficiency in terms of fixed communication of information load.

  19. Online Optimization Method for Operation of Generators in a Micro Grid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Yasuhiro; Miyamoto, Hideki; Matsuki, Junya; Iizuka, Toshio; Azuma, Hitoshi

    Recently a lot of studies and developments about distributed generator such as photovoltaic generation system, wind turbine generation system and fuel cell have been performed under the background of the global environment issues and deregulation of the electricity market, and the technique of these distributed generators have progressed. Especially, micro grid which consists of several distributed generators, loads and storage battery is expected as one of the new operation system of distributed generator. However, since precipitous load fluctuation occurs in micro grid for the reason of its smaller capacity compared with conventional power system, high-accuracy load forecasting and control scheme to balance of supply and demand are needed. Namely, it is necessary to improve the precision of operation in micro grid by observing load fluctuation and correcting start-stop schedule and output of generators online. But it is not easy to determine the operation schedule of each generator in short time, because the problem to determine start-up, shut-down and output of each generator in micro grid is a mixed integer programming problem. In this paper, the authors propose an online optimization method for the optimal operation schedule of generators in micro grid. The proposed method is based on enumeration method and particle swarm optimization (PSO). In the proposed method, after picking up all unit commitment patterns of each generators satisfied with minimum up time and minimum down time constraint by using enumeration method, optimal schedule and output of generators are determined under the other operational constraints by using PSO. Numerical simulation is carried out for a micro grid model with five generators and photovoltaic generation system in order to examine the validity of the proposed method.

  20. A simple method of observation impact analysis for operational storm surge forecasting systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumihar, Julius; Verlaan, Martin

    2016-04-01

    In this work, a simple method is developed for analyzing the impact of assimilating observations in improving forecast accuracy of a model. The method simply makes use of observation time series and the corresponding model output that are generated without data assimilation. These two time series are usually available in an operational database. The method is therefore easy to implement. Moreover, it can be used before actually implementing any data assimilation to the forecasting system. In this respect, it can be used as a tool for designing a data assimilation system, namely for searching for an optimal observing network. The method can also be used as a diagnostic tool, for example, for evaluating an existing operational data assimilation system to check if all observations are contributing positively to the forecast accuracy. The method has been validated with some twin experiments using a simple one-dimensional advection model as well as with an operational storm surge forecasting system based on the Dutch Continental Shelf model version 5 (DCSMv5). It has been applied for evaluating the impact of observations in the operational data assimilation system with DCSMv5 and for designing a data assimilation system for the new model DCSMv6. References: Verlaan, M. and J. Sumihar (2016), Observation impact analysis methods for storm surge forecasting systems, Ocean Dynamics, ODYN-D-15-00061R1 (in press) Zijl, F., J. Sumihar, and M. Verlaan (2015), Application of data assimilation for improved operational water level forecasting of the northwest European shelf and North Sea, Ocean Dynamics, 65, Issue 12, pp 1699-1716.

  1. Using Response Surface Methods to Correlate the Modal Test of an Inflatable Test Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Anju

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a practical application of response surface methods (RSM) to correlate a finite element model of a structural modal test. The test article is a quasi-cylindrical inflatable structure which primarily consists of a fabric weave, with an internal bladder and metallic bulkheads on either end. To mitigate model size, the fabric weave was simplified by representing it with shell elements. The task at hand is to represent the material behavior of the weave. The success of the model correlation is measured by comparing the four major modal frequencies of the analysis model to the four major modal frequencies of the test article. Given that only individual strap material properties were provided and material properties of the overall weave were not available, defining the material properties of the finite element model became very complex. First it was necessary to determine which material properties (modulus of elasticity in the hoop and longitudinal directions, shear modulus, Poisson's ratio, etc.) affected the modal frequencies. Then a Latin Hypercube of the parameter space was created to form an efficiently distributed finite case set. Each case was then analyzed with the results input into RSM. In the resulting response surface it was possible to see how each material parameter affected the modal frequencies of the analysis model. If the modal frequencies of the analysis model and its corresponding parameters match the test with acceptable accuracy, it can be said that the model correlation is successful.

  2. Measuring electrophysiological connectivity by power envelope correlation: a technical review on MEG methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neill, George C.; Barratt, Eleanor L.; Hunt, Benjamin A. E.; Tewarie, Prejaas K.; Brookes, Matthew J.

    2015-11-01

    The human brain can be divided into multiple areas, each responsible for different aspects of behaviour. Healthy brain function relies upon efficient connectivity between these areas and, in recent years, neuroimaging has been revolutionised by an ability to estimate this connectivity. In this paper we discuss measurement of network connectivity using magnetoencephalography (MEG), a technique capable of imaging electrophysiological brain activity with good (~5 mm) spatial resolution and excellent (~1 ms) temporal resolution. The rich information content of MEG facilitates many disparate measures of connectivity between spatially separate regions and in this paper we discuss a single metric known as power envelope correlation. We review in detail the methodology required to measure power envelope correlation including (i) projection of MEG data into source space, (ii) removing confounds introduced by the MEG inverse problem and (iii) estimation of connectivity itself. In this way, we aim to provide researchers with a description of the key steps required to assess envelope based functional networks, which are thought to represent an intrinsic mode of coupling in the human brain. We highlight the principal findings of the techniques discussed, and furthermore, we show evidence that this method can probe how the brain forms and dissolves multiple transient networks on a rapid timescale in order to support current processing demand. Overall, power envelope correlation offers a unique and verifiable means to gain novel insights into network coordination and is proving to be of significant value in elucidating the neural dynamics of the human connectome in health and disease.

  3. Methods of estrus detection and correlates of the reproductive cycle in the sun bear (Helarctos malayanus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frederick, Cheryl; Kyes, Randall; Hunt, Kathleen; Collins, Darin; Durrant, Barbara; Wasser, Samuel K

    2010-10-15

    The objective was to explore multiple methods for detecting and characterizing the reproductive cycle of the sun bear (Helarctos malayanus). Thirteen H. m. euryspilus females, loaned from the Malaysian government to US zoos, were used. Fecal metabolite concentrations of estrogen and progesterone were compared to vaginal cytology, changes in genital appearance, and behavior (videotapes and zookeeper observations). Cytology and video behavior were characterized during five hormonally defined states: high, low, and baseline progesterone, estrus, and high estrogen. Among states, there were significant differences in cytology and behavior. Sexual, affiliative, and stereotypic behaviors were highest during estrus, whereas affiliative and social behaviors were lowest during high progesterone. In this captive breeding population, 30.8% of females cycled two or three times a year, 30.8% cycled once a year, and 38.5% did not cycle during this study. Inter-estrus intervals were (mean ± SEM) 115.7 ± 6.3 d (range, 101-131). Spearman rank correlations were significant between both ordinal sexual and affiliative behaviors and vulva swelling and color. Sexual behavior was significantly positively correlated with superficial and keratinized cells, but negatively correlated with parabasal and basophilic cells in cycling females (opposite pattern for appetitive behavior). In conclusion, data for cytology, vulva changes and behavior were consistent with, and complementary to, hormonal data; collectively, they delineated estrus and identified specific reproductive types.

  4. Method of correlation function for analyzing cross-sensitivity of strain and temperature in fiber grating sensors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Gui-hua; ZHANG Wei-gang

    2007-01-01

    A novel method of correlation function for analyzing cross-sensitivity between strain and temperature is reported for the first time in this paper. Using the new method, the correlative characteristics between strain and temperature of fiber Bragg grating sensors are studied both theoretically and experimentally The experimental results accord with the theoretical calculations.

  5. Method and apparatus for monitoring motor operated valve motor output torque and power at valve seating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casada, Donald A.

    1996-01-01

    A method and apparatus are provided for monitoring a motor operated valve during the brief period when the valve seats and the torque switch trips to deenergize the valve motor. The method uses voltage measurements on the load side of a deenergizing switch that opens to deenergize the motor to determine, among other things, final motor rotational speed and the decelerating torque at motor deenergization.

  6. A frequency-spatial domain decomposition (FSDD) method for operational modal analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lingmi; Wang, Tong; Tamura, Yukio

    2010-07-01

    Following a brief review of the development of operational modal identification techniques, we describe a new method named frequency-spatial domain decomposition (FSDD), with theoretical background, formulation and algorithm. Three typical applications to civil engineering structures are presented to demonstrate the procedure and features of the method: a large-span stadium roof for finite-element model verification, a highway bridge for damage detection and a long-span cable-stayed bridge for structural health monitoring.

  7. MIXED FINITE ELEMENT METHODS BASED ON RIESZ-REPRESENTING OPERATORS FOR THE SHELL PROBLEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段火元; 张大力

    2001-01-01

    To solve the shell problem, we propose a mixed finite element method with bubble-stabili -zation term and discrete Riesz-representation operators. It is shown that this new method is coercive, implying the well-known K-ellipticity and the Inf-Sup condition being circumvented,and the resulting linear system is symmetrically positively definite, with a condition number being at most O(h-2). Further, an optimal error bound is attained.

  8. The Poka-Yoke method as an improving quality tool of operations in the process

    OpenAIRE

    M. Dudek-Burlikowska; D. Szewieczek

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: A new approach for the implementation of quality philosophy Zero Quality Defects with usage of the Poka-Yoke method in the polish organization has been presented.Design/methodology/approach: The possibility of usage of mistake proofing device is connected with monitoring and improvement of operations in the process.Findings: At the present time the organizations should implement quality tools, techniques, methods which support the prevention strategy and should pay attention to impro...

  9. Effect on the treatment of congenital ptosis in two kinds of operation method

    OpenAIRE

    Yun-Jia Jiang; Song Sun; Ting-Ting Zhu

    2014-01-01

    AIM:To compare the functional and cosmetic effects of two different surgical techniques for congenital ptosis. METHODS: The patients were divided into four groups according to the operation method: Patients undertook bilateral fascial suspension surgery as Group A(42 eyes of 21 cases); Patients undertook bilateral levator muscle shortening surgery as Group B(38 eyes of 19 cases); Patients undertook unilateral fascial suspension surgery as Group C(24 eyes of 24 cases); Patients undertook unila...

  10. Ulnar impaction syndrome with different operative methods: a comparative biomechanical study

    OpenAIRE

    YU, YA-DONG; Wu, Tao; Tian, Fang-Tao; Shang, Yun-Tao; Yu, Xiao-Fei; Bai, Yan-Bin; Han, Chang-Ling

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Ulnar impaction syndrome seriously impairs wrist and hand function. Three main treatment procedures are available; however, little systematic research on the post-operation changes in wrist biomechanics currently exists. This study aimed to determine the long-term effects of these procedures and the optimal treatment methods for ulnar impaction syndrome. Methods: Twenty-four cases of fresh upper limb specimens were randomized into four groups: (1) the control group, (2) the ulnar-s...

  11. Empirical source strength correlations for rans-based acoustic analogy methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kube-McDowell, Matthew Tyndall

    JeNo is a jet noise prediction code based on an acoustic analogy method developed by Mani, Gliebe, Balsa, and Khavaran. Using the flow predictions from a standard Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes computational fluid dynamics solver, JeNo predicts the overall sound pressure level and angular spectra for high-speed hot jets over a range of observer angles, with a processing time suitable for rapid design purposes. JeNo models the noise from hot jets as a combination of two types of noise sources; quadrupole sources dependent on velocity fluctuations, which represent the major noise of turbulent mixing, and dipole sources dependent on enthalpy fluctuations, which represent the effects of thermal variation. These two sources are modeled by JeNo as propagating independently into the far-field, with no cross-correlation at the observer location. However, high-fidelity computational fluid dynamics solutions demonstrate that this assumption is false. In this thesis, the theory, assumptions, and limitations of the JeNo code are briefly discussed, and a modification to the acoustic analogy method is proposed in which the cross-correlation of the two primary noise sources is allowed to vary with the speed of the jet and the observer location. As a proof-of-concept implementation, an empirical correlation correction function is derived from comparisons between JeNo's noise predictions and a set of experimental measurements taken for the Air Force Aero-Propulsion Laboratory. The empirical correlation correction is then applied to JeNo's predictions of a separate data set of hot jets tested at NASA's Glenn Research Center. Metrics are derived to measure the qualitative and quantitative performance of JeNo's acoustic predictions, and the empirical correction is shown to provide a quantitative improvement in the noise prediction at low observer angles with no freestream flow, and a qualitative improvement in the presence of freestream flow. However, the results also demonstrate

  12. Differential Characteristics and Methods of Operation Underlying CAI/CMI Drill and Practice Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hativa, Nira

    1988-01-01

    Describes computer systems that combine drill and practice instruction with computer-managed instruction (CMI) and identifies system characteristics in four categories: (1) hardware, (2) software, (3) management systems, and (4) methods of daily operation. Topics discussed include microcomputer networks, graphics, feedback, degree of learner…

  13. Surveillance system and method having an operating mode partitioned fault classification model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bickford, Randall L. (Inventor)

    2005-01-01

    A system and method which partitions a parameter estimation model, a fault detection model, and a fault classification model for a process surveillance scheme into two or more coordinated submodels together providing improved diagnostic decision making for at least one determined operating mode of an asset.

  14. Reduced differential transform method for partial differential equations within local fractional derivative operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Jafari

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The non-differentiable solution of the linear and non-linear partial differential equations on Cantor sets is implemented in this article. The reduced differential transform method is considered in the local fractional operator sense. The four illustrative examples are given to show the efficiency and accuracy features of the presented technique to solve local fractional partial differential equations.

  15. Psychological Evaluations of Patients Operated for Idiopathic Scoliosis by the Harrington Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orvomaa, E.

    1998-01-01

    A study of 204 patients operated on for idiopathic scoliosis by the Harrington method between 1970 and 1975 found that patients were content with their lives, tended to form families later in life, and had fewer sexual relationships. The patients felt their illness had mostly influenced their participation in work and in physical activities.…

  16. Construction of some Quantum Stochastic Operator Cocycles by the Semigroup Method

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J Martin Lindsay; Stephen J Wills

    2006-11-01

    A new method for the construction of Fock-adapted quantum stochastic operator cocycles is outlined, and its use is illustrated by application to a number of examples arising in physics and probability. The construction uses the Trotter–Kato theorem and a recent characterisation of such cocycles in terms of an associated family of contraction semigroups.

  17. Splenectomy in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital: A comparison of sonographic correlation with intra-operative findings in trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oludolapo Afuwape

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Missed or inappropriately-treated splenic injury is a significant cause of preventable trauma-related death. Physical examination and abdominal ultrasonography are essential tools for early diagnosis of splenic injury. However, some injuries may not be accurately diagnosed by ultrasonography at initial evaluation. Aim: The aim of this study was to audit indications for splenectomy at the University College Hospital, Ibadan and to compare the intra-operative findings in trauma-related cases with the sonographic findings. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all adult (12 years and older patients′ records who had splenectomy between July 2003 and June 2010. The data extracted included patient demographics and indications for splenectomy. In trauma cases, the mode of injury and vital signs at presentation, sonographic findings, and operation findings were recorded. The intervals between injury and sonography and duration to surgery were also noted respectively. Results: Eighty-four patients were reviewed in the 7-year review period. The male to female ratio was approximately 2:1. The ages ranged from 14 to 76 years with a peak incidence in the third decade. Elective indications for splenectomy were 14 (16.6%, while 70 (83.3% were emergency cases. Forty-four of the trauma-related patients had pre-operative abdominal ultrasound, of which 31 (70% was reported as sonographically normal prior to surgery, while the rest of the trauma-related cases were considered too ill for ultrasonography. Conclusion: Potentially significant injuries may be missed with screening sonography. For this reason, a physician must maintain a high index of suspicion and consider the patient′s clinical status or an alternative imaging modality in excluding a diagnosis of splenic injury.

  18. Gastroesophageal reflux - correlation between diagnostic methods; Refluxo gastroesofagico - correlacao entre metodos diagnosticos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cruz, Maria das Gracas de Almeida; Penas, Maria Exposito; Fonseca, Lea Mirian Barbosa [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Radiologia-Medicina Nuclear; Lemme, Eponina Maria O. [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Clinia Medica-Gastroenterologia; Martinho, Maria Jose Ribeiro [Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Servico de Medicina Nuclear

    1999-02-01

    A group of 97 individuals with typical symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) was submitted to gastroesophageal reflux scintigraphy (GES) and compared to the results obtained from endoscopy, histopathology and 24 hours pHmetry. Twenty-four healthy individuals were used as a control group and they have done only the GERS. The results obtained showed that: (a) the difference in the reflux index (RI) for the control group and the sick individuals was statistically significant (p < 0.0001); (b) the correlation between GERS and the other methods showed the following results: sensitivity, 84%; specificity, 95%; positive predictive value, 98%; negative predictive value, 67%; accuracy, 87%. We have concluded that the scintigraphic method should be used to confirm the diagnosis of GERD and also recommended as initial investiative procedure. (author)

  19. Singlet-triplet gaps in substituted carbenes predicted from block-correlated coupled cluster method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Jun; FANG Tao; LI Shuhua

    2008-01-01

    Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, ChinaThe block correlated coupled cluster (BCCC) method, with the complete active-space self-consistent-field (CASSCF) reference function, has been applied to investigating the singlet-triplet gaps in several substituted carbenes including four halocarbenes (CHCl, CF2, CCl2, and CBr2) and two hydroxycar-bones (CHOH and C(OH)2). A comparison of our results with the experimental data and other theoretical estimates shows that the present approach can provide quantitative descriptions for all the studied carbenes. It is demonstrated that the CAS-BCCC method is a promising theoretical tool for calculating the electronic structures of diradicals.

  20. Correlation and prediction of environmental properties of alcohol ethoxylate surfactants using the UNIFAC method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cheng, Hongyuan; Kontogeorgis, Georgios; Stenby, Erling Halfdan

    2005-01-01

    Environmental properties of one type of nonionic surfactants, the alcohol ethoxylates (polyoxyethylene alcohols), are predicted using the UNIFAC (universal quasi-chemical functional group activity coefficient) method. Various properties are considered; the octanol-water partition coefficient (Kow......), the bioconcentration factor (BCF), and the toxicity. Kow values of alcohol ethoxylates are difficult to measure. Existing methods such as those in commercial software like ACD,ClogP and KowWin have not been applied to surfactants, and they fail for heavy alcohol ethoxylates (alkyl carbon numbers above 12). Thus......, the Kow values are predicted here via UNIFAC and compared to the few available experimental data. Based on the predicted Kow values, a correlation between Kow and hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) is establi2shed because HLB is a widely used parameter in surfactant applications. Finally, BCF...

  1. Ecological Equivalence Assessment Methods: What Trade-Offs between Operationality, Scientific Basis and Comprehensiveness?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bezombes, Lucie; Gaucherand, Stéphanie; Kerbiriou, Christian; Reinert, Marie-Eve; Spiegelberger, Thomas

    2017-08-01

    In many countries, biodiversity compensation is required to counterbalance negative impacts of development projects on biodiversity by carrying out ecological measures, called offset when the goal is to reach "no net loss" of biodiversity. One main issue is to ensure that offset gains are equivalent to impact-related losses. Ecological equivalence is assessed with ecological equivalence assessment methods taking into account a range of key considerations that we summarized as ecological, spatial, temporal, and uncertainty. When equivalence assessment methods take into account all considerations, we call them "comprehensive". Equivalence assessment methods should also aim to be science-based and operational, which is challenging. Many equivalence assessment methods have been developed worldwide but none is fully satisfying. In the present study, we examine 13 equivalence assessment methods in order to identify (i) their general structure and (ii) the synergies and trade-offs between equivalence assessment methods characteristics related to operationality, scientific-basis and comprehensiveness (called "challenges" in his paper). We evaluate each equivalence assessment methods on the basis of 12 criteria describing the level of achievement of each challenge. We observe that all equivalence assessment methods share a general structure, with possible improvements in the choice of target biodiversity, the indicators used, the integration of landscape context and the multipliers reflecting time lags and uncertainties. We show that no equivalence assessment methods combines all challenges perfectly. There are trade-offs between and within the challenges: operationality tends to be favored while scientific basis are integrated heterogeneously in equivalence assessment methods development. One way of improving the challenges combination would be the use of offset dedicated data-bases providing scientific feedbacks on previous offset measures.

  2. A LFP-tree based method for association rules mining in telecommunication alarm correlation analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The mining of association rules is one of the primary methods used in telecommunication alarm correlation analysis,of which the alarm databases are very large.The efficiency of the algorithms plays an important role in tackling with large datasets. The classical frequent pattern growth(FP-growth) algorithm can produce a large number of conditional pattern trees which made it difficult to mine association rules in are telecommunication environment.In this paper,an algorithm based on layered frequent pattern tree(LFP-tree) is proposed for mining frequent patterns. Efficiency of this alagorithm is achieved with following techniques:1) All the frequent patterns are condensed into a layered structure,which can save memory time but also be very useful for updating the alarm databases.2) Each alarm item can be viewed as a triple,in which t is a Boolean vaviable that shows the item frequent or not.3) Deleting infrequent items with dynamic pruning can avoid produce conditional pattern sets. Simulation and analysis of algorithm show that it is a valid method with better time and space efficiency,which is adapted to mine association rules in telecommunication alarm correlation analysis.

  3. Partial least squares methods: partial least squares correlation and partial least square regression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdi, Hervé; Williams, Lynne J

    2013-01-01

    Partial least square (PLS) methods (also sometimes called projection to latent structures) relate the information present in two data tables that collect measurements on the same set of observations. PLS methods proceed by deriving latent variables which are (optimal) linear combinations of the variables of a data table. When the goal is to find the shared information between two tables, the approach is equivalent to a correlation problem and the technique is then called partial least square correlation (PLSC) (also sometimes called PLS-SVD). In this case there are two sets of latent variables (one set per table), and these latent variables are required to have maximal covariance. When the goal is to predict one data table the other one, the technique is then called partial least square regression. In this case there is one set of latent variables (derived from the predictor table) and these latent variables are required to give the best possible prediction. In this paper we present and illustrate PLSC and PLSR and show how these descriptive multivariate analysis techniques can be extended to deal with inferential questions by using cross-validation techniques such as the bootstrap and permutation tests.

  4. Joint Analysis Method for Major Genes Controlling Multiple Correlated Quantitative Traits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Based on the major gene and polygene mixed inheritance model for multiple correlated quantitative traits, the authors proposed a new joint segregation analysis method of major gene controlling multiple correlated quantitative traits, which include major gene detection and its effect and variation estimation. The effect and variation of major gene are estimated by the maximum likelihood method implemented via expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm. Major gene is tested with the likelihood ratio (LR) test statistic. Extensive simulation studies showed that joint analysis not only increases the statistical power of major gene detection but also improves the precision and accuracy of major gene effect estimates. An example of the plant height and the number of tiller of F2 population in rice cross Duonieai × Zhonghua 11 was used in the illustration. The results indicated that the genetic difference of these two traits in this cross refers to only one pleiotropic major gene. The additive effect and dominance effect of the major gene are estimated as -21.3 and 40.6 cm on plant height, and 22.7 and -25.3 on number of tiller, respectively. The major gene shows overdominance for plant height and close to complete dominance for number of tillers.

  5. Horizontal Flows in Active Regions from Ring-diagram and Local Correlation Tracking Methods

    CERN Document Server

    Jain, Kiran; Ravindra, B; Komm, R; Hill, F

    2015-01-01

    Continuous high-cadence and high-spatial resolution Dopplergrams allow us to study sub-surface dynamics that may be further extended to explore precursors of visible solar activity on the surface. Since the p-mode power is absorbed in the regions of high magnetic field, the inferences in these regions are often presumed to have large uncertainties. In this paper, using the Dopplergrams from space-borne Helioseismic Magnetic Imager (HMI), we compare horizontal flows in a shear layer below the surface and the photospheric layer in and around active regions. The photospheric flows are calculated using local correlation tracking (LCT) method while the ring-diagram (RD) technique of helioseismology is used to infer flows in the sub-photospheric shear layer. We find a strong positive correlation between flows from both methods near the surface. This implies that despite the absorption of acoustic power in the regions of strong magnetic field, the flows inferred from the helioseismology are comparable to those from ...

  6. Development of digital image correlation method to analyse crack variations of masonry wall

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Shih-Heng Tung; Ming-Hsiang Shih; Wen-Pei Sung

    2008-12-01

    The detection of crack development in a masonry wall forms an important study for investigating the earthquake resistance capability of the masonry structures. Traditionally, inspecting the structure and documenting the findings were done manually. The procedures are time-consuming, and the results are sometimes inaccurate. Therefore, the digital image correlation (DIC) technique is developed to identify the strain and crack variations. This technique is non-destructive for inspecting the whole displacement and strain field. Tests on two masonry wall samples were performed to verify the performance of the digital image correlation method. The phenomena of micro cracks, strain concentration situation and nonuniform deformation distribution which could not have been observed preciously by manual inspection are successfully identified using DIC. The crack formation tendencies on masonry wall can be observed at an earlier stage by this proposed method. These results show a great application potential of the DIC technique for various situations such as inspecting shrinkage-induced cracks in fresh concrete, masonry and reinforced concrete structures, and safety of bridges.

  7. A minimalistic approach to static and dynamic electron correlations: Amending generalized valence bond method with extended random phase approximation correlation correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Koushik; Pastorczak, Ewa; Jawulski, Konrad; Pernal, Katarzyna

    2016-06-01

    A perfect-pairing generalized valence bond (GVB) approximation is known to be one of the simplest approximations, which allows one to capture the essence of static correlation in molecular systems. In spite of its attractive feature of being relatively computationally efficient, this approximation misses a large portion of dynamic correlation and does not offer sufficient accuracy to be generally useful for studying electronic structure of molecules. We propose to correct the GVB model and alleviate some of its deficiencies by amending it with the correlation energy correction derived from the recently formulated extended random phase approximation (ERPA). On the examples of systems of diverse electronic structures, we show that the resulting ERPA-GVB method greatly improves upon the GVB model. ERPA-GVB recovers most of the electron correlation and it yields energy barrier heights of excellent accuracy. Thanks to a balanced treatment of static and dynamic correlation, ERPA-GVB stays reliable when one moves from systems dominated by dynamic electron correlation to those for which the static correlation comes into play.

  8. Q-operators, Yangian invariance and the quantum inverse scattering method

    CERN Document Server

    Frassek, Rouven

    2014-01-01

    Inspired by the integrable structures appearing in weakly coupled planar N=4 super Yang-Mills theory, we study Q-operators and Yangian invariants of rational integrable spin chains. We review the quantum inverse scattering method along with the Yang-Baxter equation which is the key relation in this systematic approach to study integrable models. Our main interest concerns rational integrable spin chains and lattice models. We recall the relation among them and how they can be solved using Bethe ansatz methods incorporating so-called Q-functions. In order to remind the reader how the Yangian emerges in this context, an overview of its so-called RTT-realization is provided. The main part is based on the author's original publications. Firstly, we construct Q-operators whose eigenvalues yield the Q-functions for rational homogeneous spin chains. The Q-operators are introduced as traces over certain monodromies of R-operators. Our construction allows us to derive the hierarchy of commuting Q-operators and the fun...

  9. Structured methods for identifying and correcting potential human errors in space operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, W R; Haney, L N; Ostrom, L T; Richards, R E

    1998-01-01

    Human performance plays a significant role in the development and operation of any complex system, and human errors are significant contributors to degraded performance, incidents, and accidents for technologies as diverse as medical systems, commercial aircraft, offshore oil platforms, nuclear power plants, and space systems. To date, serious accidents attributed to human error have fortunately been rare in space operations. However, as flight rates go up and the duration of space missions increases, the accident rate could increase unless proactive action is taken to identity and correct potential human errors in space operations. The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) has developed and applied structured methods of human error analysis to identify potential human errors, assess their effects on system performance, and develop strategies to prevent the errors or mitigate their consequences. These methods are being applied in NASA-sponsored programs to the domain of commercial aviation, focusing on airplane maintenance and air traffic management. The application of human error analysis to space operations could contribute to minimize the risks associated with human error in the design and operation of future space systems.

  10. NEW METHODS FOR TUNING OF MECHANICAL SYSTEMS DURING OPERATION IN STEADY STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav HOMIŠIN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to inform the technical community about new tuning methods of torsional oscillating mechanical systems (TOMS during operation in a steady state by means of application of pneumatic flexible shaft couplings. It is possible to change the torsional stiffness of pneumatic couplings by means of a change of gaseous medium pressure either out of operation or during operation. There are two possibilities how to tune the torsional oscillating mechanical systems: - tuning of torsion oscillating mechanical systems out of operation, what fulfils condition of given system tuning, - tuning of torsion oscillating mechanical systems during operation in a steady state, what fulfils condition of given system continual tuning. The basic principle of TOMS tuning during operation in the steady state consists in an adjustment of basic dynamical properties of pneumatic coupling according to the system dynamics. This adjustment can be made by means of a regulation system working in regulation circuit arrangement with a feedback. In this way it is possible to change dynamical properties of pneumatic coupling continuously with regard to dynamic of mechanical system, so that it can be eliminated dangerous torsional oscillation of given system in the working mode.

  11. Correlating Bacharach opacity in fuel oil exhaust. Prediction of the operating parameters that reduce it; Correlation de l'opacite Bacharach des gaz d'echappement. Prediction des parametres operateurs qui la reduisent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanco, M.; Coello, J.; Maspoch, S.; Puigdomenech, A. [Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Dept. de Quimica (Spain); Peralta, X.; Gonzalez, J.M.; Torres, J. [Asfaltos Espanoles SA, Refineria de Tarragona (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    A study was conducted with a view to determining the steps to be taken in order to control the Bacharach opacity of smoke released by different types of engines powered by fuel oil through the same chimney. A statistical model was constructed to relate Bacharach opacity to the operational parameters of the burning equipment on the basis of information recorded during its routine functioning over a period of about one year, with no laboratory experiments nor intentional alteration of such parameters. Different chemo-metric tools were applied to the data recorded over a period long enough to ensure a good model. Owing to the high complexity of the data handled (equipment parameters, fuel oil properties, operating conditions, etc.), the model was constructed by using different tools that were tested in order of increasing complexity. Thus, a Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was initially conducted on the variables defining the different types of fuel oil used in order to suppress their high correlation. The scores obtained from this analysis were used as the fuel data in the subsequent steps. Owing to the high complexity of the parameters involved, linear regression methods were not functional, so the non-linear regression method Alternating Conditional Expectations (ACE) had to be used instead to determine the influence of these parameters on Bacharach opacity. After the model was constructed, the parameters that govern opacity were determined and the model was experimentally validated by exploring the variables that can be modified at plant level (viz. the combination of conradson coke and asphaltenes in the fuel, the oil viscosity at burner and the proportion of oxygen in the furnace). Changes in these variables were found to alter the properties of the stack; also, the predictions of the ACE model were confirmed. Consequently, the proposed methodology allows the effective control of smoke released by the equipment. (authors)

  12. Stochastic Methods Applied to Power System Operations with Renewable Energy: A Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Z. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Liu, C. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), Austin, TX (United States); Botterud, A. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

    2016-08-01

    Renewable energy resources have been rapidly integrated into power systems in many parts of the world, contributing to a cleaner and more sustainable supply of electricity. Wind and solar resources also introduce new challenges for system operations and planning in terms of economics and reliability because of their variability and uncertainty. Operational strategies based on stochastic optimization have been developed recently to address these challenges. In general terms, these stochastic strategies either embed uncertainties into the scheduling formulations (e.g., the unit commitment [UC] problem) in probabilistic forms or develop more appropriate operating reserve strategies to take advantage of advanced forecasting techniques. Other approaches to address uncertainty are also proposed, where operational feasibility is ensured within an uncertainty set of forecasting intervals. In this report, a comprehensive review is conducted to present the state of the art through Spring 2015 in the area of stochastic methods applied to power system operations with high penetration of renewable energy. Chapters 1 and 2 give a brief introduction and overview of power system and electricity market operations, as well as the impact of renewable energy and how this impact is typically considered in modeling tools. Chapter 3 reviews relevant literature on operating reserves and specifically probabilistic methods to estimate the need for system reserve requirements. Chapter 4 looks at stochastic programming formulations of the UC and economic dispatch (ED) problems, highlighting benefits reported in the literature as well as recent industry developments. Chapter 5 briefly introduces alternative formulations of UC under uncertainty, such as robust, chance-constrained, and interval programming. Finally, in Chapter 6, we conclude with the main observations from our review and important directions for future work.

  13. Method for concurrent execution of primitive operations by dynamically assigning operations based upon computational marked graph and availability of data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoughton, John W. (Inventor); Mielke, Roland V. (Inventor)

    1990-01-01

    Computationally complex primitive operations of an algorithm are executed concurrently in a plurality of functional units under the control of an assignment manager. The algorithm is preferably defined as a computationally marked graph contianing data status edges (paths) corresponding to each of the data flow edges. The assignment manager assigns primitive operations to the functional units and monitors completion of the primitive operations to determine data availability using the computational marked graph of the algorithm. All data accessing of the primitive operations is performed by the functional units independently of the assignment manager.

  14. Calculating massive 3-loop graphs for operator matrix elements by the method of hyperlogarithms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ablinger, Jakob; Schneider, Carsten [Johannes Kepler Univ., Linz (Austria). Reserach Inst. for Symbolic Computation (RISC); Bluemlein, Johannes; Raab, Clemens [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany); Wissbrock, Fabian [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany); Johannes Kepler Univ., Linz (Austria). Reserach Inst. for Symbolic Computation (RISC)

    2014-02-15

    We calculate convergent 3-loop Feynman diagrams containing a single massive loop equipped with twist τ=2 local operator insertions corresponding to spin N. They contribute to the massive operator matrix elements in QCD describing the massive Wilson coefficients for deep-inelastic scattering at large virtualities. Diagrams of this kind can be computed using an extended version to the method of hyperlogarithms, originally being designed for massless Feynman diagrams without operators. The method is applied to Benz- and V-type graphs, belonging to the genuine 3-loop topologies. In case of the V-type graphs with five massive propagators new types of nested sums and iterated integrals emerge. The sums are given in terms of finite binomially and inverse binomially weighted generalized cyclotomic sums, while the 1-dimensionally iterated integrals are based on a set of ∝30 square-root valued letters. We also derive the asymptotic representations of the nested sums and present the solution for N element of C. Integrals with a power-like divergence in N-space∝a{sup N}, a element of R, a>1, for large values of N emerge. They still possess a representation in x-space, which is given in terms of root-valued iterated integrals in the present case. The method of hyperlogarithms is also used to calculate higher moments for crossed box graphs with different operator insertions.

  15. Hybrid Decision-making Method for Emergency Response System of Unattended Train Operation Metro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bobo Zhao

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Suitable selection of the emergency alternatives is a critical issue in emergency response system of Unattended Train Operation (UTO metro system of China. However, there is no available method for dispatcher group in Operating Control Center (OCC to evaluate the decision under emergency situation. It was found that the emergency decision making in UTO metro system is relative with the preferences and the importance of multi-dispatcher in emergency. Regarding these factors, this paper presents a hybrid method to determinate the priority weights of emergency alternatives, which aggregates the preference matrix by constructing the emergency response task model based on the Weighted Ordered Weighted Averaging (WOWA operator. This calculation approach derives the importance weights depending on the dispatcher emergency tasks and integrates it into the Ordered Weighted Averaging (OWA operator weights based on a fuzzy membership relation. A case from train fire is given to demonstrate the feasibility and practicability of the proposed methods for Group Multi-Criteria Decision Making (GMCDM in emergency management of UTO metro system. The innovation of this research is paving the way for a systematic emergency decision-making solution which connects the automatic metro emergency response system with the GMCDM theory.

  16. A touch probe method of operating an implantable RFID tag for orthopedic implant identification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaoyu; Berger, J Lee; Ogirala, Ajay; Mickle, Marlin H

    2013-06-01

    The major problem in operating an implantable radio-frequency identification (RFID) tag embedded on an orthopedic implant is low efficiency because of metallic interference. To improve the efficiency, this paper proposes a method of operating an implantable passive RFID tag using a touch probe at 13.56 MHz. This technology relies on the electric field interaction between two pairs of electrodes, one being a part of the touch probe placed on the surface of tissue and the other being a part of the tag installed under the tissue. Compared with using a conventional RFID antenna such as a loop antenna, this method has a better performance in the near field operation range to reduce interference with the orthopedic implant. Properly matching the touch probe and the tag to the tissue and the implant reduces signal attenuation and increases the overall system efficiency. The experiments have shown that this method has a great performance in the near field transcutaneous operation and can be used for orthopedic implant identification.

  17. Legendre Wavelet Operational Matrix Method for Solution of Riccati Differential Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Balaji

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A Legendre wavelet operational matrix method (LWM is presented for the solution of nonlinear fractional-order Riccati differential equations, having variety of applications in quantum chemistry and quantum mechanics. The fractional-order Riccati differential equations converted into a system of algebraic equations using Legendre wavelet operational matrix. Solutions given by the proposed scheme are more accurate and reliable and they are compared with recently developed numerical, analytical, and stochastic approaches. Comparison shows that the proposed LWM approach has a greater performance and less computational effort for getting accurate solutions. Further existence and uniqueness of the proposed problem are given and moreover the condition of convergence is verified.

  18. Entanglement Entropy of Disjoint Regions in Excited States : An Operator Method

    OpenAIRE

    Shiba, Noburo

    2014-01-01

    We develop the computational method of entanglement entropy based on the idea that $Tr\\rho_{\\Omega}^n$ is written as the expectation value of the local operator, where $\\rho_{\\Omega}$ is a density matrix of the subsystem $\\Omega$. We apply it to consider the mutual Renyi information $I^{(n)}(A,B)=S^{(n)}_A+S^{(n)}_B-S^{(n)}_{A\\cup B}$ of disjoint compact spatial regions $A$ and $B$ in the locally excited states defined by acting the local operators at $A$ and $B$ on the vacuum of a $(d+1)$-di...

  19. An Buffer Overflow Automatic Detection MethodBased on Operation Semantic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Dong-fan; LIU Lei

    2005-01-01

    Buffer overflow is the most dangerous attack method that can be exploited. According to the statistics of Computer Emergency Readiness Team(CERT), buffer overflow accounts for 50% of the current software vulnerabilities, and this ratio is going up. Considering a subset of C language, Mini C, this paper presents an abstract machine model that can realize buffer overflow detection, which is based on operation semantic. Thus the research on buffer overflow detection can be built on strict descriptions of operation semantic. Not only the correctness can be assured, but also the system can be realized and extended easily.

  20. Correlation of transrectal and transabodominal ultrasound measurement of transition zone volume with post-operative enucleated adenoma volume in benign prostatic hypertrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajayi, Idowu; Aremu, Ademola; Olajide, Abimbola; Bello, Tope; Olajide, Folake; Adetiloye, Victor

    2013-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a common disease of ageing men worldwide. Though transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) is the standard in most parts of the world in evaluation of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), it is rarely done in some less developed countries because of non availability of appropriate probes and or specialists. Transabdominal ultrasonography (TAUS) remains the mainstay in these areas. Some controversies still exist in literature about the accuracy of TAUS evaluation of prostatic volume in patients with BPH. This study aimed at comparing the transition zone volume estimation of the prostate on transrectal and transabdominal ultrasound with post-operative enucleated adenoma volume in Nigeria patients with BPH and to suggest better predictor of prostate volume in evaluation of BPH. Forty-six (46) patients with lower urinary tract symptoms due to BPH attending the urologic clinic were evaluated ultrasonographically and eventually managed with open surgery (prostatectomy) after due counselling. The post operative samples were weighted using a sensitive top loading weighing balance and converted to volume. Since the specific gravity of the prostate is equivalent to that of water,the weight is the same as volume. Patients' ages ranged between 59 and 90 years with a peak age incidence at seventh decade. Transition Zone (TZ) volume estimation on both transrectal and transabdominal ultrasound showed positive correlation with the post operative enucleated adenoma(r = 0.594, p < 0.001) but the transrectal method was more accurate. There was no significant relationship between the TZ volume and patients' symptoms(r = 0.491, p = 0.007). Both TRUS and TAUS are comparable at TZ volume estimation and therefore TAUS can be utilized in regions where intracavitary probes and or the expertise is/are not available.

  1. Insights on the Bayesian spectral density method for operational modal analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Au, Siu-Kui

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a study on the Bayesian spectral density method for operational modal analysis. The method makes Bayesian inference of the modal properties by using the sample power spectral density (PSD) matrix averaged over independent sets of ambient data. In the typical case with a single set of data, it is divided into non-overlapping segments and they are assumed to be independent. This study is motivated by a recent paper that reveals a mathematical equivalence of the method with the Bayesian FFT method. The latter does not require averaging concepts or the independent segment assumption. This study shows that the equivalence does not hold in reality because the theoretical long data asymptotic distribution of the PSD matrix may not be valid. A single time history can be considered long for the Bayesian FFT method but not necessarily for the Bayesian PSD method, depending on the number of segments.

  2. Short-recurrence Krylov subspace methods for the overlap Dirac operator at nonzero chemical potential

    CERN Document Server

    Bloch, Jacques C R; Frommer, Andreas; Heybrock, Simon; Schaefer, Katrin; Wettig, Tilo

    2009-01-01

    The overlap operator in lattice QCD requires the computation of the sign function of a matrix, which is non-Hermitian in the presence of a quark chemical potential. In previous work we introduced an Arnoldi-based Krylov subspace approximation, which uses long recurrences. Even after the deflation of critical eigenvalues, the low efficiency of the method restricts its application to small lattices. Here we propose new short-recurrence methods which strongly enhance the efficiency of the computational method. Using rational approximations to the sign function we introduce two variants, based on the restarted Arnoldi process and on the two-sided Lanczos method, respectively, which become very efficient when combined with multishift solvers. Alternatively, in the variant based on the two-sided Lanczos method the sign function can be evaluated directly. We present numerical results which compare the efficiencies of a restarted Arnoldi-based method and the direct two-sided Lanczos approximation for various lattice ...

  3. A FOURTH ORDER DERIVATIVE-FREE OPERATOR MARCHING METHOD FOR HELMHOLTZ EQUATION IN WAVEGUIDES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ya Yan Lu

    2007-01-01

    A fourth-order operator marching method for the Helmholtz equation in a waveguide is developed in this paper. It is derived from a new fourth-order exponential integrator for linear evolution equations. The method improves the second-order accuracy associated with the widely used step-wise coupled mode method where the waveguide is approximated by segments that are uniform in the propagation direction. The Helmholtz equation is solved using a one-way reformulation based on the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map. An alternative version closely related to the coupled mode method is also given. Numerical results clearly indicate that the method is more accurate than the coupled mode method while the required computing effort is nearly the same.

  4. Spine surgeon's kinematics during discectomy, part II: operating table height and visualization methods, including microscope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jeong Yoon; Kim, Kyung Hyun; Kuh, Sung Uk; Chin, Dong Kyu; Kim, Keun Su; Cho, Yong Eun

    2014-05-01

    Surgeon spine angle during surgery was studied ergonomically and the kinematics of the surgeon's spine was related with musculoskeletal fatigue and pain. Spine angles varied depending on operation table height and visualization method, and in a previous paper we showed that the use of a loupe and a table height at the midpoint between the umbilicus and the sternum are optimal for reducing musculoskeletal loading. However, no studies have previously included a microscope as a possible visualization method. The objective of this study is to assess differences in surgeon spine angles depending on operating table height and visualization method, including microscope. We enrolled 18 experienced spine surgeons for this study, who each performed a discectomy using a spine surgery simulator. Three different methods were used to visualize the surgical field (naked eye, loupe, microscope) and three different operating table heights (anterior superior iliac spine, umbilicus, the midpoint between the umbilicus and the sternum) were studied. Whole spine angles were compared for three different views during the discectomy simulation: midline, ipsilateral, and contralateral. A 16-camera optoelectronic motion analysis system was used, and 16 markers were placed from the head to the pelvis. Lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, cervical lordosis, and occipital angle were compared between the different operating table heights and visualization methods as well as a natural standing position. Whole spine angles differed significantly depending on visualization method. All parameters were closer to natural standing values when discectomy was performed with a microscope, and there were no differences between the naked eye and the loupe. Whole spine angles were also found to differ from the natural standing position depending on operating table height, and became closer to natural standing position values as the operating table height increased, independent of the visualization method

  5. Method of Choosing the Information Technology System Supporting Management of the Military Aircraft Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barszcz Piotr

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a method of choosing the information technology system, the task of which is to support the management process of the military aircraft operation. The proposed method is based on surveys conducted among direct users of IT systems used in aviation of the Polish Armed Forces. The analysis of results of the surveys was conducted using statistical methods. The paper was completed with practical conclusions related to further usefulness of the individual information technology systems. In the future, they can be extremely useful in the process of selecting the best solutions and integration of the information technology systems

  6. ALGEBRAIC OPERATION OF SPECIAL MATRICES RELATED TO METHOD OF LEAST SQUARES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XuFuhua

    2003-01-01

    The follwing situation in using the method of least squares to solve problems often occurs.After m experiments completed and a solution of least squares obtained,the(m+1)-th experiment is made further in order to improve the results.A method of algebraic operation of special matrices involed in the problem is given is this paper for obtaining a new solution for the m+1 experiments based upon the old solution for the primary m experiments .This method is valid for more general matrices.

  7. [Comparative characteristic of methods for operative treatment of patients suffering varicocele].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boĭko, M I; Pasiechnikov, S P; Boĭko, O M

    2014-04-01

    Efficacy and security of treatment of varicocele constitute a complex issues in urology, necessitating the additional investigations conduction. The results of surgical treatment of 280 patients, suffering left-sided varicocele and operated using three different methods--retroperitoneal varicocelectomy, laparoscopic varicocelectomy and subinguinal microsurgical varicocelectomy (SMV)--were analyzed. The advantages and faults of these methods were estimated, basing on the recurrence rate, complications by hidrocele occurrence and changes in the patients quality of life. SMV was determined as most effective and secure method of varicocele correction. The data obtained may be useful for choice of tactics for the disease treatment.

  8. A Numerical Method to Study Highly Correlated Nanostructures: The Logarithmic Discretization Embedded Cluster Approximation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anda, E.; Chiappe, G.; Busser, C.; Davidovich, M.; Martins, G.; H-Meisner, F.; Dagotto, E.

    2008-03-01

    A numerical algorithm to study transport properties of highly correlated local structures is proposed. The method, dubbed the Logarithmic Discretization Embedded Cluster Approximation (LDECA), consists of diagonalizing a finite cluster containing the many-body terms of the Hamiltonian and embedding it into the rest of the system, combined with Wilson's ideas of a logarithmic discretization of the representation of the Hamiltonian. LDECA's rapid convergence eliminates finite-size effects commonly present in the embedding cluster approximation (ECA) method. The physics associated with both one embedded dot and a string of two dots side-coupled to leads is discussed. In the former case, our results accurately agree with Bethe ansatz (BA) data, while in the latter, the results are framed in the conceptual background of a two-stage Kondo problem. A diagrammatic expansion provides the theoretical foundation for the method. It is argued that LDECA allows for the study of complex problems that are beyond the reach of currently available numerical methods.

  9. A time and space correlated turbulence synthesis method for Large Eddy Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Hugo G.; Paz, Rodrigo R.

    2013-02-01

    In the present work the problem of generating synthesized turbulence at inflow boundaries of the simulation domain is addressed in the context of the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) method. To represent adequately certain statistical properties of a turbulent process, we propose a synthesized turbulence method which is based on previous works (Huang et al., 2010; Smirnov et al., 2001) [15,28]. For this purpose, time and space correlations are introduced strictly in the mathematical formulation of the synthetic turbulence inflow data. It is demonstrated that the proposed approach inherits the properties of the methods on which it is based while presents some particular advantages as well. The strategy of imposing conditions on the inlet velocity field through turbulence synthesis is implemented in the parallel multiphysics code called PETSc-FEM (http://www.cimec.org.ar/petscfem) primarily targeted to calculations throughout finite elements on general unstructured 2D and 3D grids. We present several numerical tests in order to validate and evaluate the method describing the dynamic phenomena that take place in “real-life” problems, such as a swirling turbulent flow inside a diffuser and the airflow around a vehicle model inside a wind tunnel at high Reynolds number.

  10. In-die photomask registration and overlay metrology with PROVE using 2D correlation methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seidel, D.; Arnz, M.; Beyer, D.

    2011-11-01

    According to the ITRS roadmap, semiconductor industry drives the 193nm lithography to its limits, using techniques like double exposure, double patterning, mask-source optimization and inverse lithography. For photomask metrology this translates to full in-die measurement capability for registration and critical dimension together with challenging specifications for repeatability and accuracy. Especially, overlay becomes more and more critical and must be ensured on every die. For this, Carl Zeiss SMS has developed the next generation photomask registration and overlay metrology tool PROVE® which serves the 32nm node and below and which is already well established in the market. PROVE® features highly stable hardware components for the stage and environmental control. To ensure in-die measurement capability, sophisticated image analysis methods based on 2D correlations have been developed. In this paper we demonstrate the in-die capability of PROVE® and present corresponding measurement results for shortterm and long-term measurements as well as the attainable accuracy for feature sizes down to 85nm using different illumination modes and mask types. Standard measurement methods based on threshold criteria are compared with the new 2D correlation methods to demonstrate the performance gain of the latter. In addition, mask-to-mask overlay results of typical box-in-frame structures down to 200nm feature size are presented. It is shown, that from overlay measurements a reproducibility budget can be derived that takes into account stage, image analysis and global effects like mask loading and environmental control. The parts of the budget are quantified from measurement results to identify critical error contributions and to focus on the corresponding improvement strategies.

  11. Operational knowledge management: identification of knowledge objects, operation methods, and goals and means for the support function

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijnhoven, Alphonsus B.J.M.

    2003-01-01

    Though much has been written about knowledge management, this field has not been described extensively from an operational management perspective. Consequently, knowledge management seems difficult to implement at the operational levels of the organisations. To solve this problem, the abstract notio

  12. Comparative analysis of assessment methods for operational and anesthetic risks in ulcerative gastroduodenal bleeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Potakhin S.N.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the investigation: to conduct a comparative analysis of methods of evaluation of surgical and anesthetic risks in ulcerative gastroduodenal bleeding. Materials and methods. A retrospective analysis ofthe extent of the surgical and anesthetic risks and results of treatment of 71 patients with peptic ulcer bleeding has been conducted in the study. To evaluate the surgical and anesthetic risks classification trees are used, scale ТА. Rockall and prognosis System of rebleeding (SPRK, proposed by N. V. Lebedev et al. in 2009, enabling to evaluate the probability of a fatal outcome. To compare the efficacy ofthe methods the following indicators are used: sensitivity, specificity and prediction of positive result. Results. The study compared the results ofthe risk assessment emergency operation by using these methods with the outcome ofthe operation. The comparison ofthe prognosis results in sensitivity leads to the conclusion that the scales ТА. Rockall and SPRK are worse than the developed method of classification trees in recognizing patients with poor outcome of surgery. Conclusion. The method of classification trees can be considered as the most accurate method of evaluation of surgical and anesthetic risks in ulcerative gastroduodenal bleeding.

  13. Extracting important information from Chinese Operation Notes with natural language processing methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hui; Zhang, Weide; Zeng, Qiang; Li, Zuofeng; Feng, Kaiyan; Liu, Lei

    2014-04-01

    Extracting information from unstructured clinical narratives is valuable for many clinical applications. Although natural Language Processing (NLP) methods have been profoundly studied in electronic medical records (EMR), few studies have explored NLP in extracting information from Chinese clinical narratives. In this study, we report the development and evaluation of extracting tumor-related information from operation notes of hepatic carcinomas which were written in Chinese. Using 86 operation notes manually annotated by physicians as the training set, we explored both rule-based and supervised machine-learning approaches. Evaluating on unseen 29 operation notes, our best approach yielded 69.6% in precision, 58.3% in recall and 63.5% F-score. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Power Series Approximation for the Correlation Kernel Leading to Kohn-Sham Methods Combining Accuracy, Computational Efficiency, and General Applicability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erhard, Jannis; Bleiziffer, Patrick; Görling, Andreas

    2016-09-01

    A power series approximation for the correlation kernel of time-dependent density-functional theory is presented. Using this approximation in the adiabatic-connection fluctuation-dissipation (ACFD) theorem leads to a new family of Kohn-Sham methods. The new methods yield reaction energies and barriers of unprecedented accuracy and enable a treatment of static (strong) correlation with an accuracy of high-level multireference configuration interaction methods but are single-reference methods allowing for a black-box-like handling of static correlation. The new methods exhibit a better scaling of the computational effort with the system size than rivaling wave-function-based electronic structure methods. Moreover, the new methods do not suffer from the problem of singularities in response functions plaguing previous ACFD methods and therefore are applicable to any type of electronic system.

  15. Exploiting Attribute Correlations: A Novel Trace Lasso-Based Weakly Supervised Dictionary Learning Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Lin; Wang, Yang; Pan, Shirui

    2016-10-04

    It is now well established that sparse representation models are working effectively for many visual recognition tasks, and have pushed forward the success of dictionary learning therein. Recent studies over dictionary learning focus on learning discriminative atoms instead of purely reconstructive ones. However, the existence of intraclass diversities (i.e., data objects within the same category but exhibit large visual dissimilarities), and interclass similarities (i.e., data objects from distinct classes but share much visual similarities), makes it challenging to learn effective recognition models. To this end, a large number of labeled data objects are required to learn models which can effectively characterize these subtle differences. However, labeled data objects are always limited to access, committing it difficult to learn a monolithic dictionary that can be discriminative enough. To address the above limitations, in this paper, we propose a weakly-supervised dictionary learning method to automatically learn a discriminative dictionary by fully exploiting visual attribute correlations rather than label priors. In particular, the intrinsic attribute correlations are deployed as a critical cue to guide the process of object categorization, and then a set of subdictionaries are jointly learned with respect to each category. The resulting dictionary is highly discriminative and leads to intraclass diversity aware sparse representations. Extensive experiments on image classification and object recognition are conducted to show the effectiveness of our approach.

  16. Searching non-impulsive earthquakes using a full-waveform, cross-correlation detection method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    alinne solano, ericka; Hjorleifsdottir, Vala

    2016-04-01

    Some seismic events, which have low P-wave amplitude, pass undetected by regional or global networks. A subset of these events occur due to fast mass movement as in the case of rapid glacial movements (Ekström, et al., 2003; Ekström, et al., 2006) or landslides (Ekstrom and Stark, 2013). Some other events depleted in high frequencies are related to volcanic activity (e.g. Schuler and Ekstrom, 2009) or to non-volcanic tremors (Obara, 2002). Furthermore, non-impulsive earthquakes have been located on oceanic transform faults (OTF) (Abercrombie and Ekstrom, 2001). A suite of methods can be used to detect these non-impulsive events. Correlation, matched filter, or template event methods (e.g. Schaff and Waldhauser 2010; Rubinstein & Beroza 2007) are very efficient for detecting smaller events occurring in a similar place and with the same mechanism as a larger template event. One such method (Ekström, 2006), that is applied on the scale of the globe, routinely detects events with magnitudes around Mw 5 and larger. In this work we want to lower the detection threshold by using shorter period records registered by regional networks together with a full-waveform detection method based on time reversal schemes (Solano, et al., in prep.). The method uses continuous observed seismograms, together with moment tensor responses calculated for a 3D structure. Looking for events on the East Pacific Rise (EPR) around 9 N in one month of data from the National Seismological broadband Network (Servicio Sismologico Nacional, SSN), we found one new event. However, we also had 435 false detections due to high noise levels at several stations, gaps in the data or detection of teleseismic phases. To manually discard these events is a time consuming task that should be automated. We are working on several strategies, including weighting the input traces by their signal to noise ratio, correlation of a template peak associated to the detection function and the coincidence in time of the

  17. Feedback Control Method Using Haar Wavelet Operational Matrices for Solving Optimal Control Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waleeda Swaidan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Most of the direct methods solve optimal control problems with nonlinear programming solver. In this paper we propose a novel feedback control method for solving for solving affine control system, with quadratic cost functional, which makes use of only linear systems. This method is a numerical technique, which is based on the combination of Haar wavelet collocation method and successive Generalized Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation. We formulate some new Haar wavelet operational matrices in order to manipulate Haar wavelet series. The proposed method has been applied to solve linear and nonlinear optimal control problems with infinite time horizon. The simulation results indicate that the accuracy of the control and cost can be improved by increasing the wavelet resolution.

  18. Operation safety risk analysis method of hydropower project considering time-dependent effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Sherong; Yan Lei

    2012-01-01

    In order to consider the time-dependent characteristic of risk factors of hydropower project, the method of stochastic process simulating structure resistance and load effect is adopted. On the basis of analyzing the structure characteristics and mode of operation, the operation safety risk rate assessment model of hydropower project is established on the comprehensive application of the improved analytic hierarchy process, the time-dependent reliability theory and the risk rate threshold. A scheme to demonstrate the time-dependent risk rate assessment method for an example of the earth-rock dam is particularly implemented by the proposed approach. The example shows that operation safety risk rate is closely related to both the service period and design standard ; considering the effect of time-dependent, the risk rate increases with time and the intersection of them reflects the technical service life of structures. It could provide scientific basis for the operation safety and risk decision of the hydropower project by predicting the trend of risk rate via this model.

  19. An Extragradient Method and Proximal Point Algorithm for Inverse Strongly Monotone Operators and Maximal Monotone Operators in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Plubtieng Somyot

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We introduce an iterative scheme for finding a common element of the solution set of a maximal monotone operator and the solution set of the variational inequality problem for an inverse strongly-monotone operator in a uniformly smooth and uniformly convex Banach space, and then we prove weak and strong convergence theorems by using the notion of generalized projection. The result presented in this paper extend and improve the corresponding results of Kamimura et al. (2004, and Iiduka and Takahashi (2008. Finally, we apply our convergence theorem to the convex minimization problem, the problem of finding a zero point of a maximal monotone operator and the complementary problem.

  20. An Extragradient Method and Proximal Point Algorithm for Inverse Strongly Monotone Operators and Maximal Monotone Operators in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somyot Plubtieng

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We introduce an iterative scheme for finding a common element of the solution set of a maximal monotone operator and the solution set of the variational inequality problem for an inverse strongly-monotone operator in a uniformly smooth and uniformly convex Banach space, and then we prove weak and strong convergence theorems by using the notion of generalized projection. The result presented in this paper extend and improve the corresponding results of Kamimura et al. (2004, and Iiduka and Takahashi (2008. Finally, we apply our convergence theorem to the convex minimization problem, the problem of finding a zero point of a maximal monotone operator and the complementary problem.

  1. Correlation energies by the generator coordinate method: computational aspects for quadrupolar deformations

    CERN Document Server

    Bender, M; Heenen, P H

    2004-01-01

    We investigate truncation schemes to reduce the computational cost of calculating correlations by the generator coordinate method based on mean-field wave functions. As our test nuclei, we take examples for which accurate calculations are available. These include a strongly deformed nucleus, 156Sm, a nucleus with strong pairing, 120Sn, the krypton isotope chain which contains examples of soft deformations, and the lead isotope chain which includes the doubly magic 208Pb. We find that the Gaussian overlap approximation for angular momentum projection is effective and reduces the computational cost by an order of magnitude. Cost savings in the deformation degrees of freedom are harder to realize. A straightforward Gaussian overlap approximation can be applied rather reliably to angular-momentum projected states based on configuration sets having the same sign deformation (prolate or oblate), but matrix elements between prolate and oblate deformations must be treated with more care. We propose a two-dimensional ...

  2. Method of encouraging attention by correlating video game difficulty with attention level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, Alan T. (Inventor); Bogart, Edward H. (Inventor)

    1994-01-01

    A method of encouraging attention in persons such as those suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder is provided by correlating the level of difficulty of a video game with the level of attention in a subject. A conventional video game comprises a video display which depicts objects for interaction with a player and a difficulty adjuster which increases the difficulty level, e.g., action speed and/or evasiveness of the depicted object, in a predetermined manner. The electrical activity of the brain is measured at selected sites to determine levels of awareness, e.g., activity in the beta, theta, and alpha states. A value is generated based on this measured electrical signal which is indicative of the level of awareness. The difficulty level of the game is increased as the awareness level value decreases and is decreased as this awareness level value increases.

  3. Corner-Space Renormalization Method for Driven-Dissipative Two-Dimensional Correlated Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finazzi, S; Le Boité, A; Storme, F; Baksic, A; Ciuti, C

    2015-08-21

    We present a theoretical method to study driven-dissipative correlated quantum systems on lattices with two spatial dimensions (2D). The steady-state density matrix of the lattice is obtained by solving the master equation in a corner of the Hilbert space. The states spanning the corner space are determined through an iterative procedure, using eigenvectors of the density matrix of smaller lattice systems, merging in real space two lattices at each iteration and selecting M pairs of states by maximizing their joint probability. The accuracy of the results is then improved by increasing the dimension M of the corner space until convergence is reached. We demonstrate the efficiency of such an approach by applying it to the driven-dissipative 2D Bose-Hubbard model, describing lattices of coupled cavities with quantum optical nonlinearities.

  4. Scaled Opposite Spin Second Order Moller-Plesset Correlation Energy: An Economical Electronic Structure Method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Yousung; Lochan, Rohini C.; Dutoi, Anthony D.; Head-Gordon, Martin

    2004-08-02

    A simplified approach to treating the electron correlation energy is suggested in which only the alpha-beta component of the second order Moller-Plesset energy is evaluated, and then scaled by an empirical factor which is suggested to be 1.3. This scaled opposite spin second order energy (SOS-MP2) yields results for relative energies and derivative properties that are statistically improved over the conventional MP2 method. Furthermore, the SOS-MP2 energy can be evaluated without the 5th order computational steps associated with MP2 theory, even without exploiting any spatial locality. A 4th order algorithm is given for evaluating the opposite spin MP2 energy using auxiliary basis expansions, and a Laplace approach, and timing comparisons are given.

  5. A Design Method of Code Correlation Reference Waveform in GNSS Based on Least-Squares Fitting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Chengtao; Liu, Zhe; Tang, Xiaomei; Wang, Feixue

    2016-07-29

    The multipath effect is one of the main error sources in the Global Satellite Navigation Systems (GNSSs). The code correlation reference waveform (CCRW) technique is an effective multipath mitigation algorithm for the binary phase shift keying (BPSK) signal. However, it encounters the false lock problem in code tracking, when applied to the binary offset carrier (BOC) signals. A least-squares approximation method of the CCRW design scheme is proposed, utilizing the truncated singular value decomposition method. This algorithm was performed for the BPSK signal, BOC(1,1) signal, BOC(2,1) signal, BOC(6,1) and BOC(7,1) signal. The approximation results of CCRWs were presented. Furthermore, the performances of the approximation results are analyzed in terms of the multipath error envelope and the tracking jitter. The results show that the proposed method can realize coherent and non-coherent CCRW discriminators without false lock points. Generally, there is performance degradation in the tracking jitter, if compared to the CCRW discriminator. However, the performance promotions in the multipath error envelope for the BOC(1,1) and BPSK signals makes the discriminator attractive, and it can be applied to high-order BOC signals.

  6. Comparison of phase recovery methods in spiral speckle pattern interferometry correlation fringes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vadnjal, Ana Laura; Etchepareborda, Pablo; Bianchetti, Arturo; Veiras, Francisco E.; Federico, Alejandro; Kaufmann, Guillermo H.

    2016-05-01

    Spiral interferometry can be used as a solution to the problem of sign ambiguity presented in the conventional speckle pattern interferometric technique when the optical phase needs to be reconstructed from a single closed fringe system. Depressions and elevations of the topography corresponding to the object deformation are distinguished by the direction of rotation of the local spiral fringe pattern. In this work, we implement and compare several methods for optical phase reconstruction by analyzing a single image composed of spiral speckle pattern interferometry correlation fringes. The implemented methods are based on contour line demodulation, center line demodulation, Spiral Phase Quadrature Transform and the 2D Riesz transform with multivector structure. Contour line and center line demodulation approaches are exclusively dedicated to images containing a fringe system with spiral structure. The others are based on the 2D Riesz transform, these being well known approaches in conventional interferometry. We examine simulated experiments and analyze some of the emerging drawbacks for solving the phase reconstruction problem by using different mean values of speckle size and background noise levels. We also discuss several numerical procedures that may well improve the efficiency and robustness of the presented numerical implementations. The performance of the implemented demodulation methods is evaluated by using a universal image quality index and therefore a quantitative comparison is also presented.

  7. A high throughput and sensitive method correlates neuronal disorder genotypes to Drosophila larvae crawling phenotypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakubowski, Brandon R; Longoria, Rafael A; Shubeita, George T

    2012-01-01

    Drosophila melanogaster is widely used as a model system for development and disease. Due to the homology between Drosophila and human genes, as well as the tractable genetics of the fly, its use as a model for neurologic disorders, in particular, has been rising. Locomotive impairment is a commonly used diagnostic for screening and characterization of these models, yet a fast, sensitive and model-free method to compare behavior is lacking. Here, we present a high throughput method to quantify the crawling behavior of larvae. We use the mean squared displacement as well as the direction autocorrelation of the crawling larvae as descriptors of their motion. By tracking larvae from wild-type strains and models of the Fragile X mental retardation as well as Alzheimer disease, we show these mutants exhibit impaired crawling. We further show that the magnitude of impairment correlates with the severity of the mutation, demonstrating the sensitivity and the dynamic range of the method. Finally, we study larvae with altered expression of the shaggy gene, a homolog of Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 (GSK-3), which has been implicated in Alzheimer disease. Surprisingly, we find that both increased and decreased expression of dGSK-3 lead to similar larval crawling impairment. These findings have implications for the use of GSK-3 inhibitors recently proposed for Alzheimer treatment.

  8. Correlated Random Systems Five Different Methods : CIRM Jean-Morlet Chair

    CERN Document Server

    Kistler, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    This volume presents five different methods recently developed to tackle the large scale behavior of highly correlated random systems, such as spin glasses, random polymers, local times and loop soups and random matrices. These methods, presented in a series of lectures delivered within the Jean-Morlet initiative (Spring 2013), play a fundamental role in the current development of probability theory and statistical mechanics. The lectures were: Random Polymers by E. Bolthausen, Spontaneous Replica Symmetry Breaking and Interpolation Methods by F. Guerra, Derrida's Random Energy Models by N. Kistler, Isomorphism Theorems by J. Rosen and Spectral Properties of Wigner Matrices by B. Schlein. This book is the first in a co-edition between the Jean-Morlet Chair at CIRM and the Springer Lecture Notes in Mathematics which aims to collect together courses and lectures on cutting-edge subjects given during the term of the Jean-Morlet Chair, as well as new material produced in its wake. It is targeted at researchers, i...

  9. Advanced digital speckle correlation method for strain measurement and nondestructive testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Guan-chang; Bao, Nai-Keng; Chung, Po Sheun

    1997-03-01

    An advanced digital speckle correlation method (DSCM) is presented in this paper. The advantages of this method will not only improve the processing speed but also increase the measuring accuracy. Some mathematics tools are derived and a powerful computing program is developed for further applications. A new feature of the measuring sensitivity of DSCM that can be varied by different amplification of the optical arrangement is first presented. This advantage may be superior to those available in other optical metrology methods like Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry (ESPI) in micro-deformation measurements. The applications of strain measurement and nondestructive testing are described and the advantages of DSCM are obvious. Some examples of material behavior measurement and plastic strain measurement are presented. Due to the high sensitivity of DSCM, another potential application in nondestructive testing (NDT) is also described in this paper. From the application examples given, this advanced DSCM proves to be a new and effective optical strain sensing technique especially for small objects or micro-deformation measurements.

  10. A Group Contribution Method for the Correlation of Static Dielectric Constant of Ionic Liquids

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周颖; 林真; 吴可君; 徐国华; 何潮洪

    2014-01-01

    Static dielectric constant is a key parameter to estimate the electro-viscous effect which plays important roles in the flow and convective heat transfer of fluids with ions in microfluidic devices such as micro reactors and heat exchangers. A group contribution method based on 27 groups is developed for the correlation of static dielec-tric constant of ionic liquids in this paper. The ionic liquids considered include imidazolium, pyridinium, pyrrolid-inium, alkylammonium, alkylsulfonium, morpholinium and piperidinium cations and various anions. The data col-lected cover the temperature ranges of 278.15-343.15 K and static dielectric constant ranges of 9.4-85.6. The re-sults of the method show a satisfactory agreement with the literature data with an average absolute relative devia-tion of 7.41%, which is generally of the same order of the experimental data accuracy. The method proposed in this paper provides a simple but reliable approach for the prediction of static dielectric constant of ionic liquids at dif-ferent temperatures.

  11. Augmented laminography, a correlative 3D imaging method for revealing the inner structure of compressed fossils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuber, Marcus; Laaß, Michael; Hamann, Elias; Kretschmer, Sophie; Hauschke, Norbert; van de Kamp, Thomas; Baumbach, Tilo; Koenig, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    Non-destructive imaging techniques can be extremely useful tools for the investigation and the assessment of palaeontological objects, as mechanical preparation of rare and valuable fossils is precluded in most cases. However, palaeontologists are often faced with the problem of choosing a method among a wide range of available techniques. In this case study, we employ x-ray computed tomography (CT) and computed laminography (CL) to study the first fossil xiphosuran from the Muschelkalk (Middle Triassic) of the Netherlands. The fossil is embedded in micritic limestone, with the taxonomically important dorsal shield invisible, and only the outline of its ventral part traceable. We demonstrate the complementarity of CT and CL which offers an excellent option to visualize characteristic diagnostic features. We introduce augmented laminography to correlate complementary information of the two methods in Fourier space, allowing to combine their advantages and finally providing increased anatomical information about the fossil. This method of augmented laminography enabled us to identify the xiphosuran as a representative of the genus Limulitella. PMID:28128302

  12. A Design Method of Code Correlation Reference Waveform in GNSS Based on Least-Squares Fitting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Chengtao; Liu, Zhe; Tang, Xiaomei; Wang, Feixue

    2016-01-01

    The multipath effect is one of the main error sources in the Global Satellite Navigation Systems (GNSSs). The code correlation reference waveform (CCRW) technique is an effective multipath mitigation algorithm for the binary phase shift keying (BPSK) signal. However, it encounters the false lock problem in code tracking, when applied to the binary offset carrier (BOC) signals. A least-squares approximation method of the CCRW design scheme is proposed, utilizing the truncated singular value decomposition method. This algorithm was performed for the BPSK signal, BOC(1,1) signal, BOC(2,1) signal, BOC(6,1) and BOC(7,1) signal. The approximation results of CCRWs were presented. Furthermore, the performances of the approximation results are analyzed in terms of the multipath error envelope and the tracking jitter. The results show that the proposed method can realize coherent and non-coherent CCRW discriminators without false lock points. Generally, there is performance degradation in the tracking jitter, if compared to the CCRW discriminator. However, the performance promotions in the multipath error envelope for the BOC(1,1) and BPSK signals makes the discriminator attractive, and it can be applied to high-order BOC signals. PMID:27483275

  13. Method of Removing the Cross-correlation Noise for Dual-input and Dual-output SAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Ping-ping

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available According to analysis of separating the mixed echo by suppressing the cross-correlation noise in dual-input and dual-output SAR system, a new method based on threshold filter and inverse filter was proposed. The method can eliminate the most energy of cross-correlation noise by threshold filter, which can suppress the cross-correlation noise well. The principle and implementation steps are presented in detail. The computer simulation and account for the integrated sidelobe ratio showed the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  14. Calculation of correlated initial state in the hierarchical equations of motion method using an imaginary time path integral approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Linze; Shi, Qiang

    2015-11-21

    Based on recent findings in the hierarchical equations of motion (HEOM) for correlated initial state [Y. Tanimura, J. Chem. Phys. 141, 044114 (2014)], we propose a new stochastic method to obtain the initial conditions for the real time HEOM propagation, which can be used further to calculate the equilibrium correlation functions and symmetrized correlation functions. The new method is derived through stochastic unraveling of the imaginary time influence functional, where a set of stochastic imaginary time HEOM are obtained. The validity of the new method is demonstrated using numerical examples including the spin-Boson model, and the Holstein model with undamped harmonic oscillator modes.

  15. Correlation of different phenotypic drug susceptibility testing methods for four fluoroquinolones in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coeck, Nele; de Jong, Bouke C; Diels, Maren; de Rijk, Pim; Ardizzoni, Elisa; Van Deun, Armand; Rigouts, Leen

    2016-05-01

    Molecular resistance testing fails to explain all fluoroquinolone resistance, with a continued need for a suitable rapid phenotypic drug susceptibility testing method. To evaluate the optimal method for phenotypic fluoroquinolone susceptibility testing. Using Löwenstein-Jensen medium, Middlebrook 7H11 agar, BACTEC-MGIT 960 and the resazurin microtitre plate assay, we determined susceptibility to fluoroquinolones in Mycobacterium tuberculosis and investigated cross-resistance between ofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin and gatifloxacin. We compared MICs of all four fluoroquinolones for 91 strains on Löwenstein-Jensen (as the gold standard) with their MICs in resazurin plates, and with ofloxacin susceptibility at a single concentration in MGIT and on 7H11 agar, in addition to sequencing of the gyrAB genes. Applying a cut-off of 2 mg/L ofloxacin, 1 mg/L levofloxacin and 0.5 mg/L moxifloxacin and gatifloxacin in all methods, some discordance between solid medium and MGIT methods was observed, yet this tended to be explained by MICs around the cut-off. The high discordance between Löwenstein-Jensen (LJ) and resazurin plates suggests that the currently applied cut-offs for all fluoroquinolones in the resazurin method should decrease and minor changes in colour (from blue to purple) be considered as meaningful. High-level resistance in all assays to all drugs correlated well with the presence of gyrA mutations, in support of recent findings that fluoroquinolone resistance should be tested at different concentrations, as patients with lower levels of resistance may continue to benefit from high-dose fluoroquinolone-based therapy. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy.

  16. A stability analysis of a real space split operator method for the Klein-Gordon equation

    CERN Document Server

    Blumenthal, Frederick

    2011-01-01

    We carry out a stability analysis for the real space split operator method for the propagation of the time-dependent Klein-Gordon equation that has been proposed in J. Comput. Phys. 228 (24) (2009) 9092-9106. The region of algebraic stability is determined analytically by means of a von-Neumann stability analysis for systems with homogeneous scalar and vector potentials. Algebraic stability implies convergence of the real space split operator method for smooth absolutely integrable initial conditions. In the limit of small spatial grid spacings h in each of the d spatial dimensions and small temporal steps, the stability condition becomes h/{\\tau}>\\surddc for second order finite differences and \\surd3h/(2{\\tau})>\\surddc for fourth order finite differences, respectively, with c denoting the speed of light. Furthermore, we demonstrate numerically that the stability region for systems with inhomogeneous potentials coincides almost with the region of algebraic stability for homogeneous potentials.

  17. The time-saving numerical method for GPS/MET observation operator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李树勇; 王斌; 邹晓蕾; 刘辉

    2001-01-01

    The global positioning system (GPS) ray-shooting method is a self-sufficient observation operator inGPS/MET (meteorology) data variational assimilation linking up the GPS observation data and the atmosphere state vari-ables. But it cannot be applied to data assimilation and operational prediction so far because of huge computations. In order to reduce the amount of computation, a 2-order time-saving symplectic scheme is used to solve the equations of the GPS ray trajectory, due to its separable Hamiltonian nature, and good results are achieved. Not only does it save 75 % of CPU time taken by the old GPS ray-shooting model with 4th-order Runge-Kutta method , but also it improves the sim-ulation accuracy to some extent.

  18. An operator expansion method for computing nonlinear surface waves on a ferrofluid jet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guyenne, Philippe; Părău, Emilian I.

    2016-09-01

    We present a new numerical method to simulate the time evolution of axisymmetric nonlinear waves on the surface of a ferrofluid jet. It is based on the reduction of this problem to a lower-dimensional computation involving surface variables alone. To do so, we describe the associated Dirichlet-Neumann operator in terms of a Taylor series expansion where each term can be efficiently computed by a pseudo-spectral scheme using the fast Fourier transform. We show detailed numerical tests on the convergence of this operator and, to illustrate the performance of our method, we simulate the long-time propagation and pairwise collisions of axisymmetric solitary waves. Both depression and elevation waves are examined by varying the magnetic field. Comparisons with weakly nonlinear predictions are also provided.

  19. Operator Splitting Method for Simulation of Dynamic Flows in Natural Gas Pipeline Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Dyachenko, Sergey A; Chertkov, Michael

    2016-01-01

    We develop an operator splitting method to simulate flows of isothermal compressible natural gas over transmission pipelines. The method solves a system of nonlinear hyperbolic partial differential equations (PDEs) of hydrodynamic type for mass flow and pressure on a metric graph, where turbulent losses of momentum are modeled by phenomenological Darcy-Weisbach friction. Mass flow balance is maintained through the boundary conditions at the network nodes, where natural gas is injected or withdrawn from the system. Gas flow through the network is controlled by compressors boosting pressure at the inlet of the adjoint pipe. Our operator splitting numerical scheme is unconditionally stable and it is second order accurate in space and time. The scheme is explicit, and it is formulated to work with general networks with loops. We test the scheme over range of regimes and network configurations, also comparing its performance with performance of two other state of the art implicit schemes.

  20. Microwave-emitting rotor, separator apparatus including same, methods of operation and design thereof

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meikrantz, David H.

    2006-12-19

    An apparatus for use in separating, at least in part, a mixture, including at least one chamber and at least one microwave generation device configured for communicating microwave energy into the at least one chamber is disclosed. The rotor assembly may comprise an electric generator for generating electricity for operating the microwave generation device. At least one microwave generation device may be positioned within a tubular interior shaft extending within the rotor assembly. At least a portion of the tubular interior shaft may be substantially transparent to microwave energy. Microwave energy may be emitted in an outward radial direction or toward an anticipated boundary surface defined between a mixture and a separated constituent thereof. A method including flowing a mixture through at least one chamber and communicating microwave energy into the at least one chamber while rotating same is disclosed. Methods of operating a centrifugal separator and design thereof are disclosed.