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Sample records for cooperation nucleaire dans

  1. French regulations in the nuclear field and standards related to nuclear pressure equipment; Reglementation francaise dans le domaine nucleaire et normes relatives aux equipements sous pression nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mourlon, S.; Limousin, S.; Van Hoecke, J.C. [Autorite de surete nucleaire 6, place du Colonel Bourgoin 75012 Paris (France)

    2007-07-01

    fabrication, l arrete ESPN etend aux equipements sous pression nucleaires l approche et les exigences essentielles de la directive europeenne relative aux equipements sous pression (DESP - transposee en droit francais par un decret du 13 decembre 1999) et les complete par des exigences specifiques liees aux imperatifs de surete nucleaire et de radioprotection. Pour le suivi en service, il complete les dispositions du decret du 13 decembre 1999 en tenant compte, la aussi, des exigences de surete nucleaire et de radioprotection qui pesent sur ces equipements exploites dans des installations nucleaires. Le cas particulier des circuits primaire et secondaires principaux des reacteurs a eau sous pression est traite par l arrete du 10 novembre 1999. La parution de l arrete ESPN, qui laisse un large role aux codes et normes industriels, conduit a devoir verifier que les codes utilises sont conformes aux nouvelles exigences et, le cas echeant, a prevoir les modifications necessaires. En outre, alors que les exploitants d installations nucleaires et les fabricants d equipements oeuvrent de plus en plus a l international, ces evolutions doivent etre envisagees dans un contexte mondial. Enfin, la loi sur la transparence et la securite en matiere nucleaire du 13 juin 2006, qui cree l Autorite de surete nucleaire (ASN) et lui attribue des competences en matiere de controle de la surete nucleaire et de la radioprotection et, notamment, d equipements sous pression nucleaires, va induire des modifications de la reglementation. (auteurs)

  2. International co-operation in the nuclear field. Europe and OCDE countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Strohl, P.

    1981-05-01

    This report highlights the political factors underlying nuclear cooperation in the European context. It analyses the institutional structure for such cooperation and describes the different vocations of international organisations in the nuclear field (NEA, IAEA, Euratom). Finally the report gives concrete examples of international nuclear cooperation, with an emphasis on its legal aspects. (NEA) []Le present expose fait ressortir les facteurs politiques de la cooperation nucleaire notamment dans le contexte europeen. Il analyse la structure institutionnelle de cette cooperation et evoque les differentes vocations des organismes internationaux dans le domaine nucleaire (AEN, AIEA, Euratom). Il donne enfin des exemples concrets en mettant l'accent sur ses aspects juridiques

  3. The French nuclear program: national prospects, international cooperation; Le programme nucleaire francais: perspectives nationales, cooperations internationales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacoste, A. [Direction de la Surete des Installations Nucleaires (DSIN), 75 - Paris (France); Joint-Lambert, V.; Breard, G.; Jolly, B. [FRAMATOME, 92 - Paris-La-Defense (France); Durret, L.F.; Capus, G.; Lebastard, G. [Cogema, 78 - Velizy-Villacoublay (France); Ouzounian, G. [Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Dechets Nucleaire, ANDRA, 92 - Chatenay-Malabry (France); Bouteille, F. [Nuclear Power International, (Country Unknown); Appell, B. [Electricite de France (EDF), 92 - Courbevoie (France). Service Etudes et Projets Thermiques et Nucleaires; Baret, J.P.; Esteve, B. [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France); Peyran, J.C. [Fragema, 69 - Lyon (France); Monnet, F. [Technicatome, Centre d`Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Caoul, A. [CNESTEN, (Morocco)

    1998-08-01

    This issue, with a foreword by Christian Pierret, the French Secretary of State of Industry, is bilingual (French/English). It gives a thorough overview of the French nuclear industry: present situation, expected evolutions; some typical cooperations with others countries throughout the world. It contains a leaflet in which advertisers give some information about their products and services. (author)

  4. Thermal energy of nuclear origin produced in non-fissile materials (1962); Energie calorifique d'origine nucleaire degagee dans les materiaux non fissiles (1962)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naudet, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Millies, P.; Berger, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1962-07-01

    A first part is devoted to the description of the interaction phenomena between elementary particles and material that may be observed during the irradiation process in a nuclear reactor: nuclear reactions due to neutrons, production of gamma rays and absorption of those gamma rays through various processes. In a second part the phenomena producing calorific energy in irradiated material are quantitatively examined. In the third part results are summed up in a formulary. The fourth part presents tables and figures giving to the reader all the numerical values necessary for practical calculations. (authors) [French] Une premiere partie est consacree a l'examen des principaux phenomenes d'interaction des particules avec la matiere qui interviennent lors d'une irradiation dans un reacteur: reactions nucleaires dues aux neutrons, production des rayons gamma et absorption de ces derniers par les divers processus. Une deuxieme partie etudie quantitativement les phenomenes qui conduisent a l'apparition d'energie calorifique dans le materiau irradie. En troisieme partie, un formulaire resume les resultats etablis. Dans une quatrieme partie, des tableaux et des courbes fournissent a l'experimentateur toutes les valeurs numeriques necessaires aux calculs pratiques. (auteurs)

  5. Can-rupture detection in gas-cooled nuclear reactors; La detection des ruptures de gaine dans les piles nucleaires refroidies par gaz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roguin, A. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-07-01

    Can-rupture detection (DRG) is one important aspect of pile safety, more particularly so in the case of gas-cooled reactors. A rapid and sure detection constitutes also an improvement as far as the efficiency of electricity-producing nuclear power stations are concerned. Among the numerous can-rupture detection methods, that based on the measurement of the concentration of short-lived fission gases in the heat-carrying fluid has proved to be the most sensitive and the most rapid. A systematic study of detectors based on the electrostatic collection of the daughter products of fission gases has been undertaken with a view to equip the reactors EL 2, G 3, EDF 1, EDF 2 and EDF 3, the gas loops of PEGASE and EL 4. The different parameters are studied in detail in order to obtain a maximum sensitivity and to make it possible to construct detection devices having the maximum operational reliability and requiring the minimum maintenance. The primary applications of these devices are examined in the case of the above-mentioned reactors. (author) [French] La Detection des Ruptures de Gaines (D. R. G.) est un aspect important de la securite des piles et plus particulierement des piles refroidies par un gaz. Une detection rapide et sure constitue aussi un element d'amelioration du rendement des centrales nucleaires productrices d'energie electrique. Parmi les nombreuses methodes de detection des ruptures de gaines, la mesure de la concentration dans le fluide caloporteur des gaz de fission a vie courte s'est revelee comme la plus sensible et la plus rapide. Une etude systematique des detecteurs a collection electrostatique des descendants des gaz de fission a ete entreprise en vue d'equiper les piles EL 2, G 3, EDF 1, EDF 2 et EDF 3, les boucles a gaz de la pile Pegase et la pile EL 4. Les divers parametres sont etudies en detail pour obtenir une sensibilite maximum et permettre la realisation de dispositifs de detection ayant le maximum de securite de

  6. Contribution to the study of the evolution of radiation induced He in Be O; Etudes sur l'evolution de l'helium produit par reactions nucleaires dans l'oxyde de beryllium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bareau, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1966-11-15

    The purpose of this work in-pile investigation of He formed by (n, 2n) and (n, {alpha}) nuclear reactions, released from irradiated BeO, in the temperature range 1000 - 1350 deg. C. The experimental results show that, for an instantaneous neutron fast flux of 10{sup 13} n cm{sup -2} sec{sup -1}, an equilibrium is attempted, after several days, for a part lower than 20 per cent of the quantity of He formed, theoretically calculated from the neutron cross sections of nuclear reactions, and from the analytical form of the neutron fast flux, releases from the solid. The validity of the values of calculated helium and the gas chromatographic analytical method are also verified by dissolution of the BeO pellets in cryolite. A new fast neutron flux measuring method may be so defined. The discussion of the experimental results enables to establish that the processus of He release is characterized by two phenomena: the first one which controls the release of He atoms out of the solid and the second which reveals a capture processus, connected to the irradiation and probably due to the vacancies induced in the lattice. (author) [French] On etudie en pile le degagement de l'helium forme par reactions nucleaires (n, 2 n) et (n, {alpha}) dans l'oxyde de beryllium irradie entre 1000 et 1350 deg. C. Les resultats experimentaux montrant que, pour un flux rapide instantane de 10{sup 13} n{sub r} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}, on aboutit, au bout de quelques jours, a un etat d'equilibre pour lequel une partie, inferieure a 20 pour cent de la quantite d'helium forme, calculee theoriquement a partir des sections efficaces des reactions nucleaires et de la forme analytique du flux rapide, s'echappe du solide. On verifie egalement par dissolution des echantillons de BeO dans la cryolithe la validite du calcul de l'helium et de la methode de dosage par chromatographie en phase gazeuse. On peut ainsi definir une methode nouvelle de mesure des flux rapides. La

  7. Enforcement agreement between the French atomic energy commission and the federal atomic energy agency for the implementation of the framework-agreement dispositions related to the environmental multilateral program in the nuclear domain in Russian Federations during the nuclear cooperation in the framework of the G8 world partnership against the proliferation of mass destruction weapons and their related materials; Accord d'application entre le Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique et l'Agence Federale de l'Energie Atomique pour la mise en oeuvre des dispositions de l'accord-cadre relatif au programme multilateral environnemental dans le domaine nucleaire en Federation de Russie lors de la cooperation nucleaire dans le cadre du partenariat mondial du G8 contre la proliferation des armes de destruction massive et des matieres connexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    In order to give assistance to the Russian Federations, the G8 partners have agreed to carry on joint actions in the following domains: dismantling of out-of-service nuclear submarines of the Russian navy, management of the spent fuels and wastes generated by this dismantlement, rehabilitation of fuel storage and waste management facilities, management of nuclear materials and safety of facilities or sites with a potential radiological risk. This document defines the domain of cooperation between France (CEA) and the Russian federal atomic energy agency: creation of a coordination parity technical committee, financing conditions and conclusion of contracts for joint actions, access to sites, exchange of informations, intellectual property, nuclear safety and radioprotection, changes and amendments to the agreement, enforcement and duration. A protocol relative to the access of French representatives to Russian work sites is attached. (J.S.)

  8. The behaviour of some polyatomic gases in nuclear reactors; Le comportement de quelques gaz polyatomiques dans les reacteurs nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dolle, L. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    {sub 2} a ete realisous l'influence des radiations. La radiolyse de NH{sub 3}, procede par un mecanisme complexe, et la cinetique obeit a une loi d'ordre 2,5 environ qui augmente avec le taux de decomposition. La decomposition de l'hydrogene sulfure est notablement plus rapide que celle de NH{sub 3}. Le seul produit gazeux de la reaction est l'hydrogene. Le soufre, qui se depose sur les parois des ampoules, est nettement perceptible a l'oeil. On a obtenu jusqu'ici des decompositions allant jusqu'a 84 pour cent. L'influence de la reaction {sup 32}S (n, p) {sup 32}P est consideree. La decomposition radiochimique du protoxyde d'azote N{sub 2}O se fait avec des rendements eleves. La reaction est compliquee des ses debuts par la formation d'oxydes superieurs de l'azote que nous identifions et mesurons. Le methane donne par decomposition radiochimique des quantites d'hydrocarbures superieurs. Certains de ces systemes gazeux pourraient trouver des applications dans la mesure de fortes doses de rayonnement. Ce probleme est discute en conclusion. (auteur)

  9. Nuclear systems of the future. Stakes, R and D strategy, and international cooperation; Les systemes nucleaires du futur. Enjeux, strategie de recherche et developpement, et cooperation internationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    As demonstrated by prospective studies, nuclear energy will represent a decisive contribution in the future energy mix. The long-term strategy of development of nuclear energy requires to foresee a new generation of nuclear systems, named generation 4. The goal of these new systems is to optimize the use of nuclear fuels, to minimize the generation of wastes and to enlarge the field of applications of nuclear energy to other applications like: hydrogen and synthetic fuels generation, heat generation for the industry etc. This document presents the French R and D strategy on nuclear systems of 4. generation that has been approved by the public authorities. This strategy follows three axes: a priority research on fast neutron systems with fuel recycle (sodium fast reactors (SFR) and gas fast reactors (GFR)), a research on key-technologies for the supply of very high temperature heat (very high temperature reactor (VHTR), fast and thermal neutron reactors, and water decomposition processes), and a continuation of researches on PWR reactors improvement. An integral recycling of all actinides in fast neutron reactors requires the development of new fuel reprocessing and fuel re-fabrication processes. A reference scenario for the progressive renewal of French nuclear facilities foresees the simultaneous development of fast neutron systems and the start-up of a new spent fuel reprocessing plant. France in involved in the development of the SFR, GFR and VHTR systems thanks to its participation to the Generation 4 international forum and to bilateral cooperation with other big nuclear partners like Russia and China. One of the main stakes of the French nuclear industry is to be able to invest in the R and D of future nuclear systems in order to valorize the experience gained so far in sodium FBR systems and in fuel cycle processes. (J.S.)

  10. Resonance quadripolaire nucleaire dans les halogenures d'actinides, ThBr 4, ThCl 4 ET UCl 4. II. Polymorphisme et transition de phase du premier ordre dans ThBr 4. Resonance du Brome dans UBr 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gourdji, M.; Péneau, A.; Genet, M.; Guibé, L.

    1983-12-01

    La poursuite de recherches antérieures a permis de caractériser la résonance quadripolaire du brome dans la phase α de ThBr 4 et d'étudier la variation, en fonction de la température, entre 63 et 295 K, de la fréquence de résonance, ν Q(T), correspondante. Une première analyse des conditions expérimentales du passage de la transition α↔β à 426 C a été faite. La résonance du brome dans UBr 4 a également été observée et l'étude en fonction de la température des fréquences de résonance (il y a deux résonances distinctes pour chacun des deux isotopes du brome dans ce composé) a révélé un comportement inattendu en ce sens que les pentes dν Q/dT des courbes ν Q(T) correspondant aux deux résonances sont de signe contraire.

  11. Some problems on the aqueous corrosion of structural materials in nuclear engineering; Problemes de corrosion aqueuse de materiaux de structure dans les constructions nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coriou, H.; Grall, L. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-07-01

    The purpose of this report is to give a comprehensive view of some aqueous corrosion studies which have been carried out with various materials for utilization either in nuclear reactors or in irradiated fuel treatment plants. The various subjects are listed below. Austenitic Fe-Ni-Cr alloys: the behaviour of austenitic Fe-Ni-Cr alloys in nitric medium and in the presence of hexavalent chromium; the stress corrosion of austenitic alloys in alkaline media at high temperatures; the stress corrosion of austenitic Fe-Ni-Cr alloys in 650 C steam. Ferritic steels: corrosion of low alloy steels in water at 25 and 360 C; zirconium alloys; the behaviour of ultrapure zirconium in water and steam at high temperature. (authors) [French] On presente un ensemble d'etudes de corrosion en milieu aqueux effectuees sur des materiaux utilises, soit dans la construction des reacteurs soit pour la realisation des usines de traitement des combustibles irradies. Les differents sujets etudies sont les suivants. Les alliages austenitiques Fer-Nickel-Chrome: comportement d'alliages austenitiques fer-nickel-chrome en milieu nitrique en presence de chrome hexavalent; Corrosion sous contrainte d'alliages austenitiques dans les milieux alcalins a haute temperature; Corrosion sous contrainte dans la vapeur a 650 C d'alliages austenitiques fer-nickel-chrome. Les aciers ferritiques; Corrosion d'aciers faiblement allies dans l'eau a 25 et 360 C; le zirconium et ses alliages; Comportement du zirconium tres pur dans l'eau et la vapeur a haute temperature. (auteurs)

  12. French research in the field of nuclear agronomy; Les recherches francaises en agronomie nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guerin De Montgareuil, P. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Cadarache (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-07-01

    , industrial firms, university laboratories scientific institutes. The role of the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique is defined: on the one hand it supplies information and support, and on the other hand it takes charge of specifically nuclear aspects of the work. Its part in the field has recently found expression in the creation, within the Biology Department, of a Radio-agronomy Section; its objective are described,, as well as the, means placed att its disposal at the Centre d'etudes Nucleaires, Cadarache. (author) [French] On propose un bilan des travaux les plus significatifs effectues en France depuis la deuxieme conference internationale en matiere d'agronomie nucleaire et qui vont d'une recherche apparemment desinteressee a l'application la plus directe. Une telle differenciation recouvre de moins en moins, au fur et a mesure de l'evolution des programmes, la distinction qui est faite dans l'expose entre l'action biologique des rayonnements et les autres emplois des techniques nucleaires. C'est ainsi que les recherches do radiogenetique agricole sont poursuivies dans deux directions: d'un point de vue theorique et methodologique avec l'etude comparative de l'action des divers types de rayonnements, l'influence du debit de dose et de la temperature, l'action des agents mutagenes chimiques, la production de chimeres sous irradiation gamma; et d'autre part, sous un aspect pratique aboutissant a la creation de varietes nouvelles plus resistantes ou plus precoces (riz, mil, arachide). Les problemes de destruction des insectes (eradication) et de conservation des denrees sous irradiation se trouvent egalement abordes par des voies et avec des objectifs tres divers. A la demarche globale representee par une irradiation pure et simple (grains humides, pommes de terre...) sont parfois associees des etudes souvent originales, d'ordre biochimique ou microbiologique (par exemple: alteration de l

  13. Treatment of effluent at the Saclay Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires (1960); Le traitement des effluents du Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay (1960)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wormser, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1960-07-01

    The Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires at Saclay possesses several installations from which liquid radioactive effluent is rejected, and it has thus been found necessary to construct a station for the purification of radioactive liquids and to settle various chemical, analytical and technological problems. This report describes, in the following order: - the disposal possibilities at the Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires, Saclay, - the effluents produced at the centre, - the set-up for collecting effluent, - treatment of the effluent, - results of these treatments. (author) [French] La presence, au Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay, de plusieurs installations susceptibles de rejeter des effluents liquides radioactifs a necessite la construction d'une station d'epuration d'eaux radioactives et la mise au point de differents problemes chimiques, analytiques et technologiques. Dans ce rapport, nous exposerons successivement: - les possibilites de rejet du Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay, - les effluents du centre, - le dispositif de collecte des effluents, - le traitement de ces effluents, - les resultats de ces traitements. (auteur)

  14. Contribution to the study of molecular movements in cyclohexane by electron spin resonance and electron-nuclear double resonance using a radical probe; Contribution a l'etude des mouvements moleculaires dans le cyclohexane par resonance paramagnetique electronique et double resonance electronique-nucleaire a l'aide d'une sonde radicalaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Volino, F. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-07-01

    Solutions of stable free radicals of the nitroxide type have been studied as a function of temperature. In the plastic or globular state, the cyclohexane molecules have rapid rotational and diffusional movements. They transmit this movement to dissolved free radicals. Conversely, measurements by electron spin resonance of the absolute movement of the radicals, and by electron nuclear double resonance of their movement relative to the cyclohexane molecules give very precise methods for local analyses of the movement present in the cyclohexane matrix. The principle of these techniques makes up the 'radical probe method'. (author) [French] Des solutions de radicaux libres stables, du type nitroxyde dans le cyclohexane ont ete etudiees, en fonction de la temperature. Les molecules de cyclohexane, dans l'etat plastique ou globulaire, sont animees de mouvements rapides de rotation sur elles-memes et de diffusion. Elles transmettent leur mobilite aux radicaux libres dissous. Reciproquement, la mesure du mouvement absolu des radicaux, a l'aide de la resonance paramagnetique electronique, et celle du mouvement relatif des radicaux et des molecules de cyclohexane par double resonance electronique-nucleaire, constituent des methodes tres precises pour analyser localement les mouvements presents dans la matrice de cyclohexane. Ce principe et ces techniques constituent la 'methode de la sonde radicalaire'. (auteur)

  15. Experimental study of the hydrodynamic instabilities occurring in boiling-water reactors; Etude experimentale des instabilites hydrodynamiques survenant dans les reacteurs nucleaires a ebullition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fabreca, S. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-10-01

    The subjects is an experimental out-of pile loop study of the hydrodynamic oscillations occurring in boiling-water reactors. The study was carried out at atmospheric pressure and at pressure of about 8 atmospheres, in channels heated electrically by a constant and uniform specified current. In the test at 8 atmospheres the channel was a round tube of approximately 6 mm interior diameter. At 1 atmosphere a ring-section channel was used, 10 * 20 mm in diameter, with an inner heating tube and an outer tube of pyrex. It was possible to operate with natural convection and also with forced convection with test-channel by-pass. The study consists of 3 parts: 1. Preliminary determination of the laws governing pressure-drop during boiling. 2. Determination of the fronts at which oscillation appears, within a wide range of the parameters involved. 3. A descriptive study of the oscillations and measurement of the periods. The report gives the oscillation fronts with natural and forced convection for various values of the singular pressure drop at the channel inlet and for various riser lengths. The results are presented in non-dimensional form, which is available, in first approximation, for all geometric scales and for all fluids. Besides the following points were observed: - the wall (nature and thickness) can be an important factor ; - oscillation can occur in a horizontal channel. (author) [French] II a ete effectue une etude experimentale, en boucle hors-pile, des oscillations hydrodynamiques survenant dans les reacteurs a ebullition. L'etude a ete effectuee a la pression atmospherique et a une pression voisine de 8 atmospheres dans des canaux chauffes electriquement a puissance imposee constante et uniforme. Dans les essais a 8 atmospheres le canal etait un tube circulaire de diametre interieur 6 mm environ. A 1 atmosphere le canal etait de section annulaire 10 * 20 mm avec un tube interieur chauffant et un tube exterieur en pyrex. Le fonctionnement etait possible

  16. TINJAUAN YURIDIS LETTER OF INTENT INDONESIA DAN NORWEGIA MENGENAI COOPERATION ON REDUCING GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM DEFORESTATION AND FOREST DEGRADATION (REDD+) TERHADAP HUKUM PERJANJIAN INTERNASIONAL DAN KEBIJAKAN LINGKUNGAN DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Birkah Latief

    2011-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kedudukan Letter of Intent (LoI) Indonesia dan Norwegia tentang Cooperation on Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) dalam Hukum Perjanjian Internasional dan pengaruhnya terhadap kebijakan pengelolaan hutan alam dan gambut di Indonesia. Secara umum didapati fakta-fakta bahwa eksploitasi hutan secara besar-besaran dengan menebang pohon-pohon dan penggundulan hutan menyebabkan timbulnya pemanasan global (...

  17. Nuclear magnetic resonance at 310 MHz in a superconducting solenoid; Resonance magnetique nucleaire a 310 MHz dans un solenoide supra-conducteur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunand, J.J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1970-07-01

    The realisation of an NMR spectrometer with a superconducting magnet is presented in the first section. The methods to attain the best possible homogeneity of the magnetic field and to minimize the error in the spectrometer are described. The second section is devoted to the study of elastomers and nitr-oxides free radicals. A shift of the transition temperature with the magnetic field appears for the elastomers. The increasing paramagnetic shift has allowed a complete study by NMR of piperidinic and pyrrolidinic nitroxide free radicals. (author) [French] Dans la premiere partie est exposee la realisation d'un spectrometre de RMN utilisant un solenoide supraconducteur. Des solutions sont donnees pour obtenir la meilleure homogeneite possible du champ magnetique et pour minimiser les sources d'erreur apportees par le spectrometre. La deuxieme partie est consacree a l'etude d'elastomeres et de radicaux libres nitroxydes. Une variation de la temperature de transition avec le champ magnetique est mise en evidence pour les elastomeres. L'accroissement du deplacement paramagnetique a permis une etude complete par RMN des radicaux libres nitroxydes piperidiniques et pyrrolidiniques. (auteur)

  18. EFEKTIVITAS METODE PROBLEM BASED LEARNING, COOPERATIVE LEARNING TIPE JIGSAW, DAN CERAMAH SEBAGAI PROBLEM SOLVING DALAM MATAKULIAH PERENCANAAN PEMBELAJARAN

    OpenAIRE

    Fatimah Saguni

    2013-01-01

    Abstrak: penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas metode pembelajaran Problem Based Learning, Cooperative Learning tipe jigsaw, dan ceramah dalam pembelajaran matakuliah Perencanaan Pembelajaran di Fakultas Tarbiyah UIN Makassar, baik dalam pemecahan masalah yang dihadapai mahasiswa maupun untuk meningkatkan prestasi belajar. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan tru experiment dengan Crossed Design (Rancangan bersilang). Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan Analisis multiva...

  19. Perangkat Pembelajaran Model Cooperative Scripts Untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep dan Mengeliminasi Miskonsepsi IPA pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Eka Indriani

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran IPA di Sekolah Dasar model Cooperative Scripts dengan 4D modifikasi yang bertujuan untuk mengeliminasi Miskonsepsi pemahaman konsep IPA pada pokok bahasan materi sistem pernapasan. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif dan deskriptif kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perangkat pembelajaran valid, keterlaksanaan pembelajaran baik (3.97, kegiatan berpusat pada murid aktif. Hasil tes pemahaman konsep siswa dianalisis dengan N-gain menunjukkan pemahaman konsep IPA siswa meningkat (0.65 begitu pula dengan eliminasi Miskonsepsi siswa, sejalan dengan hasil penilaian afektif siswa menunjukkan hasil yang baik (3.9. Simpulan penelitian ini, bahwa perangkat pembelajaran IPA model Cooperative Scripts layak, dapat meningkatkan dan berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap eliminasi Miskonsepsi pemahaman konsep IPA siswa di Sekolah Dasar. 

  20. Nuclear safety in countries that are candidate for entry to the European Union; La surete nucleaire dans les pays candidats a l'entree dans l'Union Europeenne

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    In this report, experts from countries members of the European Union have wished to give their collective opinion about nuclear safety in countries that are standing for integrating the E.U.. The investigated countries are Bulgaria, Hungary, Lithuania, Slovakia, Rumania, Slovenia and Czech Republic. This report is based on information given in international cooperation programmes such as Phare programmes as well as in bilateral contacts. 2 aspects are considered: regulatory authorities and the level of safety in operating nuclear power plants. This report does not deal with radioactive waste management nor with radiation protection. (A.C.)

  1. KERJASAMA DAN JARINGAN PERPUSTAKAAN ANTARA INDONESIA-MALAYSIA INDONESIA-MALAYSIA LIBRARY COOPERATION AND NETWORKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Puspitasari

    2015-10-01

    ABSTRAK Dalam era keterbukaan saat ini, penyajian data dan informasi sangat diperlukan untuk memberikan akses informasi seluas-luasnya kepada masyarakat. Keberagaman kebutuhan informasi, keterbatasan sumber daya informasi dan perubahan prilaku pengguna informasi menjadikan tidak satupun lembaga informasi yang dapat memenuhi semua kebutuhan penggunanya  tersebut. Sehingga untuk memenuhi kebutuhan dan memberikan layanan yang optimal kepada pengguna maka diperlukan adanya kerjasama dan jaringan antar lembaga informasi. Salah satu lembaga informasi adalah perpustakaan yang akan di jadikan objek dalam makalah ini. Sosialisasi dan pertukaran informasi dilakukan berbagai lembaga baik di dalam maupun di luar negeri. Seperti yang telah dilakukan oleh Kementrian Ristek Republik Indonesia dengan Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI Malaysia. Makalah ini akan membahas tentang jaringan informasi dan kerjasama perpustakaan digital antara Indonesia dan Malaysia, bentuk bentuk kerjasama yang ada dan faktor penunjang serta penghambat kerjasama tersebut. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah dengan studi pustaka baik tercetak maupun online. Hasil dari makalah ini adalah meyediakan data dan informasi tentang jaringan informasi dan kerjasama perpustakaan antara Indonesia dan Malaysia yang dapat digunakan untuk memberikan rekomendasi baik untuk perpustakaan di Indonesia maupun di Malaysia dalam hal kerjasama. Kata kunci: kerjasama perpustakaan, jaringan perpustakaan, Perpustakaan Indonesia-Malaysia

  2. PENGARUH MODEL COOPERATIVE CLASS EXPERIMENT (CCE TIPE TEAM GAMES TOURNAMENT(TGT PADA KBK DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fajar Mahda Akhmad Sa'idun

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Pembelajaran yang masih menggunakan metode konvensional menyebabkan pencapaian kompetensi matapelajaran kimia masih tergolong rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh Model Cooperative Class Experiment (CCE tipe Team Games Tournament (TGT pada KBK dan Hasil Be/ajar siswa SMA topik reaksi redoks. Penentuan sampel menggunakan teknik cluster random sampling dan menghasikan siswa kelas X8 sebagai kelas eksperimen dan kelas X7 sebagai kelas kontrol. Metode yang digunakan dalam pengambilan data adalah dokumentasi, tes dalam bentuk pilihan ganda dan essay berupa open-ended questions serta observasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan hasil analisis data tes KBK yaitu pencapaian kelima subindikator KBK pada kelas eksperimen mencapai rata-rata 73, 75% yang berarti siswa dapat mengembangkan KBK dengan kriteria baik, sedangkan kelas kontrol dengan rata-rata 64,68% dalam kriteria KBK cukup. Dari hasil analisis, diperoleh rb 0,51 dengan besarnya kontribusi 26,29%. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan pembelajaran Model Cooperative Class Experiment (CCE Tipe Team Games Tournament (TGT berpengaruh pada KBK dan hasil be/ajar siswa suatu SMA di Semarang pada pokok materi redoks dengan kontribusi sebesar 26,29%.Learning with the conventional method make competency achievement in chemistry subject is still low. This study aimed to determine the effect of Model Cooperative Class Experiment (CCE type Team Games Tournament (TGT on CBC and Learning Outcomes on high school students in the topic of redox reactions. Sample determination was using cluster random sampling technique, class X8 grade students is as the experimental class and X7 class is as control class. The method used in data collection is documentation, in the form of multiple choice test and an essay in the form of open-ended questions and observations. The results showed that analysis of CBC data test achieved fifth subindikator CBC in the experimental class gained an

  3. Modelling turbulent fluid flows in nuclear and fossil-fired power plants; La modelisation des ecoulements turbulents rencontres dans les reacteurs nucleaires et dans les centrales thermiques a flamme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Viollet, P.L.

    1995-06-01

    The turbulent flows encountered in nuclear reactor thermal hydraulic studies or fossil-fired plant thermo-aerodynamic analyses feature widely varying characteristics, frequently entailing heat transfers and two-phase flows so that modelling these phenomena tends more and more to involve coupling between several branches of engineering. Multi-scale geometries are often encountered, with complex wall shapes, such as a PWR vessel, a reactor coolant pump impeller or a circulating fluidized bed combustion chamber. When it comes to validating physical models of these flows, the analytical process highlights the main descriptive parameters of local flow conditions: tensor characterizing the turbulence anisotropy, characteristic time scales for turbulent flow particle dynamics. Cooperative procedures implemented between national or international working parties can accelerate validation by sharing and exchanging results obtained by the various organizations involved. With this principle accepted, we still have to validate the products themselves, i.e. the software used for the studies. In this context, the ESTET, ASTRID and N3S codes have been subjected to a battery of test cases covering their respective fields of application. These test cases are re-run for each new version, so that the sets of test cases systematically benefit from the gradually upgraded functionalities of the codes. (author). refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

  4. PEMBERDAYAAN KETERAMPILAN METAKOGNITIF DAN HASIL BELAJAR KOGNITIF MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN BIOLOGI BERBASIS READING-CONCEPT MAP-COOPERATIVE SCRIPT (REMAP-CS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zenia Lutfi Kurniawati

    2016-04-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pembelajaran Reading-Concept Map-Cooperative Script (Remap-CS terhadap keterampilan metakognitif dan hasil belajar kognitif siswa. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design. Data keterampilan metakognitif diperoleh dari hasil tes essay yang terintegrasi dengan tes hasil belajar kognitif. Hasil tes selanjutnya dianalisis dengan teknik Anacova. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Remap-CS berpengaruh terhadap keterampilan metakognitif dan hasil belajar kognitif siswa.

  5. Chemical elimination of alumina in suspension in nuclear reactors heavy water; Elimination de l'alumine en suspension dans l'eau lourde des reacteurs nucleaires par voie chimique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ledoux, A. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-02-01

    Corrosion of aluminium in contact with moderating water in nuclear reactor leads to the formation of an alumina hydrosol which can have an adverse effect on the operation of the reactor. Several physical methods have been used in an attempt to counteract this effect. The method proposed here consists in the elimination of the aluminium by dissolution and subsequent fixation in the ionic form on mixed-bed ion-exchange resin. In order to do this, the parameters and the values of these parameters most favorable to the dissolution process have been determined. If the moderator is heavy water, the deuterated acid can be prepared by converting a solution in heavy water to a salt of the acid using a deuterated cationic resin. (author) [French] La corrosion de l'aluminium au contact de l'eau moderatrice des reacteurs nucleaires, donne lieu a la formation d'un hydrosol d'alumine nuisible au bon fonctionnement des reacteurs. Plusieurs methodes physiques ont ete mises en oeuvre pour pallier ces inconvenients. On propose ici d'eliminer l'alumine par solubilisation pour la fixer ensuite sous forme ionique par des resines echangeuses d'ions, en lit melange. A cette fin on determine les parametres et leurs grandeurs favorables a cette solubilisation. Si le moderateur est de l'eau lourde la preparation d'acide deutere peut etre effectuee par passage d'une solution en eau lourde a un sel de l'acide sur resine cationique deuteree.

  6. Initiatives de cooperation dans la région de la mer Noire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lebriz Yakacikli

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available L’importance géostratégique de la région de la mer Noire connaît un regain d’intérêt dans l’après-guerre froide. Malgré de multiples initiatives de coopération dans les domaines économique et de sécurité, les conflits non résolus et l’implication d’acteurs externes avec des intérêts divergents réduisent les chances d’intégration régionale et de paix dans la zone de la mer Noire.

  7. Study and installation of concrete shielding in the civil engineering of nuclear construction (1960); Etude et mise en place des betons de protection dans le genie civil des ouvrages nucleaires (1960)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dubois, F. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1960-07-01

    etudes, deux applications pratiques sont decrites telles qu'elles ont ete realisees au Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay. Des specifications sont donnees pour les betons de barytine et pour la fabrication des blocs de protection du synchrotron a protons 'Saturne'. (auteur)

  8. KEEFEKTIFAN PEMBELAJARAN AKUNTANSI MATERI JURNAL PENYESUAIAN DENGAN METODE COOPERATIVE SCRIPT DAN RESITASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Resti Khanaliya

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this study are to (1 know the effectiveness of the teaching and learning of accounting subject in adjustment journal topic using cooperative script method. (2 know the effectiveness of the teaching and learning of accounting subject in adjustment journal topic using recitation method. (3 know which method that is more effective in teaching and learning of accounting subject in adjustment journal topic. This study used quasi experimental design with the design form of non equivalent control group design. The result of this study showed that cooperative script method is effective towards teaching and learning is 27,44% ; recitation method is effective towards teaching and learning is 50,47 %; which that the teaching and learning in the recitation method is more effective than the one cooperative script method.

  9. Socialité et co-operation dans l'oeuvre de Charles Goodwin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mondeme, Chloé

    2016-01-01

    As a linguistic anthropologist, Goodwin elaborates a conceptual and methodological framework to describe the organization of human activities and conducts. The central notion of « co-operation » accounts for what is at stake in ordinary conversation as well as in professional practices, cultural...

  10. Nuclear biological studies in France; Les etudes de biologie nucleaires en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coursaget, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1961-07-01

    On the occasion of a colloquium on radiobiological research programmes, a number of documents dealing with French accomplishments and projects in this field were collected together. We felt that it would be useful to assemble these papers in one report; although they are brief and leave gaps to be filled in, they provide certain data, give an overall view of the situation, and can also suggest a rough plan for the general policy to adopt in the field of 'nuclear' biological research; i.e. research based on the nuclear tracer method or devoted to the action of ionising radiations. (author) [French] Un colloque sur les programmes de recherche en radiobiologie nous a donne l'occasion de reunir des documents sur les realisations et les projets francais dans ce domaine. Il nous a semble utile de reunir en un rapport l'ensemble de ces documents, qui, malgre leur brievete et malgre les lacunes qu'ils comportent, donnent un certain nombre d'informations, permettent une vue d'ensemble et peuvent dessiner aussi l'ebauche d'une politique coherente en matiere de recherches biologiques 'nucleaires', c'est-a-dire de recherches basees sur la methode des indicateurs nucleaires ou consacrees a l'action des rayonnements ionisants. (auteur)

  11. Contribution to the study of thermal mixing between nuclear spin systems; Contribution a l'etude du melange thermique entre systemes de spins nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldmann, M. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-02-15

    This work describes methods of dynamic nuclear polarization in solids based on the thermal mixing between nuclear spin systems. The description of the thermal mixing processes involves most of the fundamental aspects of the spin temperature theory. The experiments, conducted with paradichlorobenzene and para-dibromobenzene, yield a detailed confirmation of the theoretical predictions. (author) [French] Ce travail decrit des methodes de polarisation dynamique nucleaire dans les solides basees sur le melange thermique entre systemes de spins nucleaires. La description des processus de melange thermique met en jeu la plupart des aspects fondamentaux de la theorie de la temperature de spin. Les experiences, realisees avec du paradichlorobenzene et du paradibromobenzene, apportent une confirmation detaillee des previsions theoriques. (auteur)

  12. The use of tracers in the study of the ionic permeability of the nerve; Utilisation des indicateurs nucleaires dans l'etude de la permeabilite ionique du nerf

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guinnebault, M. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1961-07-01

    The use of the radioactive tracers {sup 24}Na and {sup 42}K, and the electrophysiological fine study carried out on the plant Cephalopods nervous cells have made it possible, during ten years, to study the relationships between the electrical phenomena observed during the propagation of the nervous impulse and the ionic movements which occur at the cell membrane between the intra- and extra-cellular media. In the state of rest, the nerve fibres present a certain permeability towards sodium and potassium, a permeability which allows the renewal, from the extra-cellular medium, of the cations contained in the cytoplasm. At the moment of the passage of the nervous impulse, it is possible to demonstrate a temporary increase in the permeability towards the sodium which causes the entry of Na{sup +} ions into the nerve fibre, whilst, a few milliseconds later, the increase in the potassium permeability causes the departure of an equivalent quantity of K{sup +} ions. A recovery phase follows the passage of the nervous impulse, during which the original ionic conditions are re-established. If the potassium movements can be considered as passive, the expulsion of Na{sup +} requires, on the part of the cell, the use of a part of the metabolic energy. (author) [French] L'utilisation des indicateurs radioactifs {sup 24}Na et {sup 42}K, et l'etude electrophysiologique fine realisee sur des cellules nerveuses geantes de Cephalopodes a permis, depuis une dizaine d'annees, d'etudier les rapports entre les phenomenes electriques observes lors de la propagation de l'influx nerveux et les mouvements ioniques qui s'effectuent au niveau de la membrane cellulaire entre milieux intracellulaire et extracellulaire. A l'etat de repos, les fibres nerveuses possedent pour le sodium et le potassium, une permeabilite qui permet le renouvellement, a partir du milieu extracellulaire des cations contenus dans le cytoplasme. Au moment du passage de l

  13. experience du service de medecine nucleaire sahloul sousse dans ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... M. Guezguezb,c, H. Essabbaha,c . a- Faculté de médecine de Monastir, avenue Avicenne 5019 Monastir, Tunisie b- Faculté de médecine de Sousse, rue Mohamed Karoui, 4002 Sousse, Tunisie c- Service de médecine nucléaire, centre hospitalo-universitaire de Sahloul, route de Ceinture, Sahloul 4054 Sousse, Tunisie.

  14. PENGARUH COOPERATIVE LEARNING DIPANDU INQUIRY TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA SMA BERKEMAMPUAN ATAS DAN BAWAH DI KOTA METRO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handoko Santoso

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to know the influence of biology teaching through inquiry integrated with cooperative towards the critical thinking ability. This research addresses the role of inquiry and cooperative learning strategy as well as these interactions towards the increase of the critical thinking ability. Quasi experimental research of Pretest-postest nonequivalent control group design with factorial design 2x2x2 were implemented on the odd semester in academic years of 2006/2007  on X grade student of the state SMA in Metro City Lampung. The  research sample consists of 96 students, comprising of student from high and low academic abilities. To examine hypothesis, it is used Ancova technique and continued by LSD test. There was a difference on the critical thinking ability  between students who learn by inquiry level 1 with student who learn by inquiry level 2, between students, who have high academic ability and students who have low academic ability, and there was not difference on the critical thinking ability  between students who learn by STAD cooperative  with student who learn by TPS. There is no effect of interaction between inquiry with cooperative, inquiry with student’s academic ability, cooperative with student’s academic ability, inquiry with cooperative and student’s academic ability towards the cognitive achievement   Kata kunci: cooperative learning, inquiry, berpikir kritis

  15. Organic chemistry and radiochemistry: study of chemical interactions between iodine and paint of French nuclear reactor in a severe accident situation; Chimie organique et radiochimie. Etude des interactions chimiques iode-peinture dans un reacteur nucleaire (de type R.E.P.) en situation d'accident grave

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aujollet, Y. [Direction Generale de la Surete Nucleaire et de la Radioprotection, 75 - Paris (France)

    2005-01-01

    In Phebus (French in pile facility; PWR scale 1/5000) experiments, performed by the Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire, few quantities of organic iodides were registered after interaction between iodine and reactor containment paint. This study concerns all mechanisms of chemical reactions between iodine and the polymer of the paint in order to estimate the organic iodides released from the paint. At first, all the paint components had been identified. Several models of chemical sites of the polymer were synthesized and tested with iodine in different conditions of temperature and radiation. These experiments showed interactions between iodine and secondary or tertiary amines by charge transfer. In few cases, the complex of tertiary amines creates oxidation reactions. (author)

  16. La Spectroscopie laser appliquee a la physique nucleaire

    CERN Document Server

    Le Blanc, F

    2001-01-01

    l'etude de la forme du noyau atomique est un sujet fondamental puisqu'elle constitue un excellent laboratoire pour tester et valider les differents modeles nucleaires.La spectroscopie atomique et plus particulierement la spectroscopie laser est un moyen precis et inhabituel pour caracteriser des observables liees a la forme du noyau.

  17. Siloette, Siloe mock-up; Siloette, modele nucleaire de siloe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delcroix, V.; Jeanne, G.; Mitault, G.; Schulhof, P. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-07-01

    Siloette is the Siloe mock-up. The main installations are described: various tanks, building, auxiliaries, control systems... Precis ions are given about precautions taken for using spent fuel elements. (authors) [French] Siloette est le modele nucleaire de SILOE. On decrit ses diverses installations: bassins, batiments, auxiliaires, controle... Des precisions sont donnees sur les precautions prises pour y utiliser des elements uses. (auteurs)

  18. PENGARUH MODEL COOPERATIVE CLASS EXPERIMENT (CCE TIPE TEAM GAMES TOURNAMENT (TGT PADA KBK DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fajar Mahda Akhmad Sa’idun

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Learning with the conventional method make competency achievement in chemistry subject is still low. This study aimed to determine the effect of Model Cooperative Class Experiment (CCE type Team Games Tournament (TGT on CBC and Learning Outcomes on high school students in the topic of redox reactions. Sample determination was using cluster random sampling technique, class X8 grade students is as the experimental class and X7 class is as control class. The method used in data collection is documentation, in the form of multiple choice test and an essay in the form of open-ended questions and observations. The results showed that analysis of CBC data test achieved fifth subindikator CBC in the experimental class gained an average of 73.75%, which means that students can develop CBC with good criterion, while the control class with an average of 64.68% in the CBC is sufficient criteria. The analysis data obtained rb 0.51 with the contribution of 26.29%. The results of this study concluded that the implementation of Cooperative Learning Model Class Experi ment (CCE Study Team Games Tournament (TGT type have signiffican effect on CBC and student learning outcomes in high school in Semarang on the redox subject with the contribution of 26.29%.

  19. DISEMINASI PERAKITAN INDUK UDANG GALAH SUMBER GENETIK BARITO DAN PRODUKSI BENIH PADA KELOMPOK PEMBENIHAN RAKYAT DENGAN POLA COOPERATIVE BREEDING SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulius Kisworo

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Dissemination of the parent assembly giant freshwater prawns and fry prawns Production was held on Bumi Temposo Group and Selatan Makmur Group on Sepunggur Southern Sub-District of Kusan Hilir, Tanah Bumbu of South Kalimantan. The method used in the application of science and technology are Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA with the pattern of the cooperative breeding system (CBS. Assembling Parent done by the multiplication of Parent of giant freshwater prawn through fry  production of selected conformed to protocol assembling followed production of prawns SNI: 01-2.6486.1-2 2000. The results of evaluation obtained a change in attitude and knowledge of the assembly stem and fry prawns production of prawns as a result of changes do not really know be learned or understood by 40% and Very Understood by 60% and this change of attitude significantly statistically.

  20. Rôle du Liver X Receptor dans la régulation transcriptionnelle de la lipogenèse

    OpenAIRE

    Ducheix, Simon

    2013-01-01

    Chez les mammiferes, la lipogenese ou synthese de novo des acides gras joue un rôle essentiel a l'homeostasie energetique. Elle est particulierement active dans le foie. Le Liver X Receptor (LXR) est un recepteur nucleaire de classe II qui est implique dans la regulation de l'expression de genes importants dans cette voie metabolique. Au niveau hepatique, LXR regule directement l'expression de certains genes de la lipogenese et aussi l'expression des facteurs de transcription SREBP-1c et ChRE...

  1. Nuclear developments at the international inter govern mental level (1961); Developpements nucleaires sur le plan international intergouvernemental (1961)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waynbaum, M. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1961-07-01

    The United Nations organisation and nuclear energy rose simultaneously, in 1945, to occupy an important place in the public eye. The spiritual succession of the League of Nations which had foundered during the war was taken up by the new organisation which sought to implant its political ideal in a more tangible reality, so that it might thereby be inspired by concrete and substantial objectives. This is one of the reasons for the existence of the dozen specialized agencies created by the family of the United Nations and dealing with Health, Culture, Agriculture, Finance, etc. Nuclear energy is one of these techniques. Becoming suddenly an important power factor and exploiting for itself the prestige of Science, it became the favorite domain for the growth of this new spirit, as much in its universal form in 1945 as in its more regional form which it was later to adopt. The achievements are numerous and of varying importance; they deserve te be studied carefully. (author) [French] L'organisation des Nations Unies et le nucleaire ont ete places simultanement, en 1945, au premier plan de la scene mondiale. La Societe des Nations ayant sombre pendant la guerre, son heritage spirituel fut recueilli par la nouvelle organisation qui chercha a enraciner son ideal politique dans une realite plus materielle, de facon a y puiser une nourriture concrete et substantielle. C'est une des raisons d'existence de la douzaine d'institutions specialisees gravitant dans la famille des Nations Unies et s'occupant de Sante, de Culture, d'Agriculture, de Finances, etc. Le nucleaire est l'une de ces techniques. Devenu soudainement un facteur primordial de puissance, Cristallisant a son benefice le prestige de la Science, c'etait un terrain de predilection pour le developpement du nouvel esprit, aussi bien sous la forme universelle de 1945, que sous les formes regionales qui ont vu le jour ensuite. Les travaux realises que nombreux, d

  2. Tâches et coopération dans deux dispositifs universitaires de formation à distance Tasks and cooperation within two university level open and distance learning environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Mangenot

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude sur les apprentissages à distance via Internet au niveau universitaire se focalise sur deux aspects : les tâches d'apprentissage et les formes d'apprentissage collectif. Elle s'appuie sur l'étude qualitative de deux formations ouvertes et à distance ayant fonctionné en grandeur réelle, l'une sur un mode entièrement à distance, l'autre sur un mode hybride. Après une discussion sur le terme très polysémique de "tâche", le corpus est présenté, puis une typologie des tâches est proposée ; une réflexion sur les notions d'apprentissage collectif, coopératif et collaboratif clôt le propos, tentant de caractériser les relations entre les étudiants lors de la réalisation des tâches. Bien que les interactions entre étudiants ne relèvent certainement pas de la collaboration, on avance néanmoins qu'elles peuvent être étudiées dans le cadre des apprentissages collaboratifs assistés par ordinateur.This study deals with distance learning through the Internet in university context. The focus lies on two topics: learning tasks and collective learning. It is based on the qualitative case study of two open and distance learning (ODL courses, one case of fully distance learning and one case of blended learning. After having discussed the concept of "task", the data are then presented and a task typology is proposed. The paper ends with a discussion about collective, cooperative and collaborative learning, trying to characterize the kind of relationship between the students during the fulfillment of the tasks. Although it seems impossible to consider the interactions between the students as collaboration, we suggest that studying them nevertheless belongs to the domain of computer supported collaborative learning.

  3. Increase Activity and Learning Outcomes With Collaboration Deployment Cooperative Learning Corners and Talking Stick/Meningkatkan Aktivitas dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Dengan Penerapan Kolaborasi Pembelajaran Kooperatif Model Corners dan Talking Stick

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Aisyah

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study is a Classroom Action Research (CAR which employed qualitative approach. This class action research was conducted into two cycles where in each cycle consisted of 4 stages namely planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. The subject of this study is the Tenth grade  students of TMP 1 on SMK Ahmad Yani Jabung as many as 24 students. The objective of this study is to describe: (1 the implementation of Corners and Talking Stick learning models, (2 student learning activities after participating in Corners and Talking Stick learning models, (3 student learning outcomes after following Corners and Talking Stick learning models, (4 constraints encountered during the implementation of Corners and Talking Stick learning models. The results of this study indicate that the implementation of Corners and Talking Stick learning models can increase the activity and student learning outcomes. The first meeting, the first cycle has 25.71 % and a second meeting in cycle 1 has 29.18 %  In the second cycle, the third meeting  student activity  reached 51.43 % to 58.89 % at the end of the meeting that was on the fourth meeting, (2 the results of the previous cognitive study, mastery learning percentage was 54.24 %  and increased to be79.17 % in the first cycle and the second cycle increased to be 91.67 %. Abstrak : Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK. Pelaksanaan penelitian tindakan kelas ini dilakukan 2 siklus dimana tiap siklus terdiri dari 4 tahap yaitu perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Subyek penelitiannya adalah siswa kelas X TPM 1 SMK Ahmad Yani Jabung, Kabupaten Malang sebanyak 24 siswa. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan: (1 penerapan kolaborasi model pembelajaran Corners dan Talking Stick (2 aktivitas belajar siswa setelah mengikuti kolaborasi pembelajaran Corners dan Talking Stick (3 hasil belajar siswa setelah mengikuti kolaborasi

  4. Radiotoxicity, dose and nuclear alchemy; Radiotoxiciteit, dosis en nucleaire alchemie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schram, R. [Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group NRG, Petten (Netherlands)

    2006-07-01

    An outline is given of the nuclear fuel cycle and related products, focusing on the radiotoxicity and radioactive waste dose. Also, it is explained how those subjects form the basis of research on transmutation and recycling of radioactive waste. Finally, attention will be paid to nuclear alchemy, i.e. the steps to be taken for transmutation and recycling, based on current developments in research at NRG. [Dutch] In dit artikel zal een toelichting worden gegeven op de splijtstofcyclus en de producten die daarbij vrijkomen. Hierbij zal worden ingegaan op de radiotoxiciteit en dosis van het radioactief anal. Tevens zal worden uitgelegd hoe deze begrippen de basis vormen voor keuzes binnen het onderzoek naar transmutatie en recycling van radioactief afval. Ook zal de nucleaire alchemie, de benodigde stappen voor transmutatie en recycling, worden behandeld aan de hand van de actuele ontwikkelingen in het onderzoek zoals onder meer uitgevoerd bij NRG.

  5. Formation and linear amplification of signals in nuclear spectroscopy; Formation et amplification lineaire des signaux en spectroscopie nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Le Du, R.; Mettes, J.D. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-07-01

    The apparatus described can be associated to various detectors used in nuclear physics, either rapid - its rise time is always under 30 nanoseconds - or slow, because of its continuous connections. Its gain can be increased very progressively from 2000 to 10 by increasing the feedback factors. The maximum permissible entry voltage, without causing any increase in the dead-time is 12 volts, whatever the value of the gain. The device is fitted with two continuous exits giving signals of equal amplitude but of opposite sign (10 volt pulses followed by a 4 volt undershoot). Its controls, all accessible, make it possible to adapt the apparatus very rapidly to various measurements. It is completely transistorized and the amplifier is fitted into a RENATRAN 2/8 drawer. A gain 4 preamplifier in the same drawer makes it possible to obtain a total gain of 8000. (authors) [French] L'appareil que nous decrivons peut etre associe aux divers detecteurs utilises en physique nucleaire, rapides - son temps de montee propre est toujours inferieur a 30 ns - ou lents, du fait de ses liaisons continues. Son gain peut etre amene tres progressivement de 2000 a 10 par l'augmentation graduelle des taux de contre-reaction utilises. La tension maxima admissible a l'entree, sans augmentation anormale du temps mort, est de 12 volts quel que soit le gain. L'appareil comporte deux sorties continues, delivrant des signaux d'amplitudes egales et de signes opposes (impulsions de 10 volts suivies d'un undershoot de 4 volts). Ses reglages, tous accessibles, permettent d'adapter tres rapidement l'appareil aux diverses mesures. Entierement transistorise, l'amplificateur est monte dans un tiroir RENATRAN 2/8. Un preamplificateur de gain 4, inclus dans le meme tiroir permet de porter le gain a 8000. (auteurs)

  6. Evolution of nuclear chemical industry in France; Evolution de l'industrie chimique nucleaire en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fould, M.H. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1959-07-01

    'impulsion du CEA, mais aussi de maitres d'oeuvres tels qu'Electricite de France et la Marine Marchande, l'effort nucleaire fran is atteint pour les annees 1957-1961, environ 600 milliards de francs: plus de la moitie de cette somme sera depensee par l'industrie chimique en recherches, installations pilotes, constructions d'usines et livraisons. Faire bien, vite et rentable sont les buts recherches. Ces objectifs sont atteints grace a une collaboration intime des grands services de l'etat et de l'industrie privee. Ce gros effort s'exerce principalement dans les voies suivantes: - Un traitement chimique pousse de tonnages croissants des minerais de l'Union fran ise, visant a produire un uranium pur, abondant et bon marche. - Une preparation soigneuse de combustibles nucleaires economiques et parfaitement adaptes aux divers types de reacteurs en fonctionnement ou en construction. - Un retraitement des combustibles irradies pour en extraire le plutonium de facon complete ainsi que l'uranium et certains produits de fission. - Une fabrication industrielle des materiaux nucleairement purs ou resistants a la corrosion exiges par la technologie des reacteurs producteurs d'energie et de recherches. - La fourniture aux multiples utilisateurs etrangers et fran is d'isotopes et de traceurs radioactifs reclames par la medecine, l'industrie et l'agriculture en nombre toujours croissant. - Un traitement chimique meticuleux des effluents gazeux ou liquides dans des stations au controle rigoureux afin de rendre les reacteurs et leurs annexes parfaitement surs d'emploi. Cet expose aura montre l'ampleur de l'effort deploye par une industrie chimique nucleaire jeune, dynamique et en plein essor. Ayant assure ses techniques, realise de nombreuses installations, elle est largement en etat de faire face au programme atomique fran is. En outre, elle est capable et desireuse d'etre associee aux developpements de l

  7. Treatment of effluent at the Saclay Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires (1960)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wormser, G.

    1960-01-01

    The Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires at Saclay possesses several installations from which liquid radioactive effluent is rejected, and it has thus been found necessary to construct a station for the purification of radioactive liquids and to settle various chemical, analytical and technological problems. This report describes, in the following order: - the disposal possibilities at the Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires, Saclay, - the effluents produced at the centre, - the set-up for collecting effluent, - treatment of the effluent, - results of these treatments. (author) [fr

  8. Dans la cuisine du partenariat. Retour sur les obstacles interculturels et institutionnels dans un projet de coopération universitaire franco-algérienne  In the kitchen of the partnership. A reflexive look at intercultural and institutional obstacles in a Franco-Algerian project of academic co-operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurice Blanc

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article analyse de manière réflexive une expérience de coopération universitaire franco-algérienne et il examine l’impact sur le partenariat des tensions produites par la mise à l’épreuve du terrain. Emboîté dans de multiples dispositifs, l’objet de la coopération concentre un faisceau d’attentes, aussi diverses que contradictoires, susceptibles de créer des tensions dans des négociations qu’il faut en permanence reprendre. L’article montre que l’approche par la transaction sociale est pertinente pour analyser des processus partenariaux qui passent par de la coopération conflictuelle et des arrangements informels. Deux obstacles majeurs apparaissent : les cercles vicieux bureaucratiques et les malentendus interculturels. Des transactions implicites et tacites permettent de débloquer lentement la situation.This paper makes a reflexive assessment of an experiment in Franco-Algerian academic co-operation. It addresses the impact on the partnership of the tensions which emerge at field level practice. Embedded in various institutional patterns, the aim of co-operation is caught between diverging and contradictory expectations, creating tensions which fuel never-ending negotiations. The paper highlights the relevance of a social transaction approach for the understanding of partnership processes which necessarily involve conflictual co-operation and informal arrangements. Two major obstacles emerge: bureaucratic vicious circles and intercultural misunderstandings. Implicit and/or tacit transactions can allow for the slow unfolding of situations.

  9. New features of nuclear excitation by {alpha} particles scattering; Nouveaux aspects de l'excitation nucleaire par diffusion de particules {alpha}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saudinos, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1962-07-01

    Inelastic scattering of medium energy a particles by nuclei is known to excite preferentially levels of collective character. We have studied the scattering of isotopically enriched targets of Ca, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn. In part I, we discuss the theoretical features of the interaction. In part II, we describe the experimental procedure. Results are presented and analysed in part III. {alpha} particles scattering by Ca{sup 40} is showed to excite preferentially odd parity levels. In odd nuclei we have observed multiplets due to the coupling of the odd nucleon with the even-even core vibrations. For even-even nuclei, a few levels are excited with lower cross-sections between the well-known first 2{sup +} and 3{sup -} states. Some could be members of the two phonon quadrupole excitation and involve a double nuclear excitation process. (author) [French] On sait que la diffusion inelastique des particules alpha de moyenne energie excite preferentiellement des niveaux de caractere collectif. Nous avons etudie la diffusion des particules alpha de 44 MeV du cyclotron de Saclay par des isotopes separes de Ca, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn. Dans la premiere partie nous exposons les theories de cette interaction. Dans la seconde nous decrivons le systeme experimental. Les resultats sont donnes dans la troisieme partie. Nous montrons que les niveaux excites preferentiellement pour {sup 40}Ca par diffusion ({alpha},{alpha}') sont de parite negative. Dans les noyaux pair-impair nous avons observe des multiplets dus au couplage du nucleon celibataire avec les vibrations du coeur pair-pair. Pour les noyaux pair-pair nous avons pu etudier entre le premier niveau 2{sup +} et le niveau 3{sup -} deja bien connus certains etats plus faiblement excites. Il semble qu'ils sont dus a une excitation quadrupolaire a deux phonons et impliquent un processus de double excitation nucleaire. (auteur)

  10. PENGARUH KOMPENSASI, KOMPETENSI DAN KOMITMEN ORGANISASIONAL TERHADAP KEPUASAN DAN KINERJA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudi Supiyanto

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Pengaruh Kompensasi, Kompetensi dan Komitmen Organisasional Terhadap Kepuasan dan Kinerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji pengaruh kompensasi, kompetensi dan komitmen organisasional terhadap kepuasan kerja dan kinerja karyawan koperasi. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh karyawan KSP (Koperasi Simpan Pinjam yang tersebar di Kabupaten Tuban. Analisis data menggunakan teknik Path Analysis dengan model trimming. Temuan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kompensasi, kompetensi dan komitmen organisasi baik secara simultan maupun parsial berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kepuasan kerja karyawan. Kompensasi, kompetensi, komitmen organisasi dan kepuasan kerja secara simultan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kinerja karyawan; namun secara parsial kompetensi dan kepuasan kerja tidak berpengaruh terhadap kinerja karyawan. Kata kunci: Kompensasi, Kompetensi, Komitmen Organisasional, Kepuasan Kerja Dan Kinerja Karyawan. Abstract: The Effect of Compensation, Competencies and Organizational Commitment toward Job Satisfaction and Performance. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of compensation, competencies and organizational commitment to employee’s job satisfaction and performance of cooperatives. The population in this study is all employees of KSP (Credit Unions/Loan and Saving Cooperative in Tuban. Data analysis employed is path analysis with trimming model. The study's findings indicate that the compensation, competency and organizational commitment simultaneously and partially have a significant effect on employee’s job satisfaction. Compensation, competencies, organizational commitment and job satisfaction simultaneously have a significant effect on employee’s performance, but partially competence and job satisfaction do not has a significant effect on employee’s performance. Keywords: compensation, competency, organizational comitment, job satisfaction, employee’s performance

  11. Health problems raised by the elimination of radioactive wastes and nuclear accidents; Problemes sanitaires poses par l'elimination des dechets radioactifs et par les accidents nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jammet, H.; Mechali, D.; Dousset, M. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-07-01

    The rapid development of nuclear energy demands an urgent solution to the health problems arising from the discharge into the environment of radioactive residues produced by nuclear installations. - To be able to evaluate the risks run by the population and to fix tolerance limits for waste discharge, it is necessary to possess an exact knowledge of the course taken by the radioelements discharged, from their source until they reach man. The incorporation of radioelements in food cycles is the first risk to take into consideration. The factors involved in all stages of this transmission must be foreseen, whether they concern physical or biological media, because of their continuity and their interdependence. Finally, socio-economic and dietetic data must be collected in order that the risks and tolerance levels estimated are based on concrete and experimental rather than theoretical knowledge. The risk of nuclear accidents in the atomic industry, although very improbable, must be taken into consideration because of the seriousness of their consequences. The health problems arise in the field of professional hygiene on the one hand and in that of public hygiene on the other. In the first field the risk is two-fold and involves irradiation and contamination. The public sphere is reduced essentially to the risk of contamination by radioactive substances accidentally released in the surrounding medium. The health studies to be conducted in this field therefore include research not only on irradiation or contamination therapeutics but also on the transfer of radioelements from the accident site to man, mainly through food cycles, in their physical and in their biological components. Studies of this kind form the basis of decisions in the health field which would have to be taken in the case of an accident. (authors) [French] Le developpement rapide de l'energie nucleaire rend urgente la solution des problemes sanitaires poses par le rejet dans le milieu ambiant des

  12. The nuclear power stations of the French atomic energy programme (1960); Les centrales nucleaires de puissance du programme francais (1960)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leduc, C. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Roux, J.P. [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France)

    1960-07-01

    After recalling the entry of nuclear energy into energy production in France, the paper emphasizes the evolution of techniques applied in the designing of French nuclear power plants and describes the means employed for reducing costs per kWh of EDF2 and EDF3 compared with EDF1: the electric power per ton of uranium varies from 493 kW/t for EDF1 to 970 kW/t for EDF3. For this purpose the thermal power and electric power of units are changed respectively from 290 MWt for EDF1 to 1200 or 1600 MWt for EDF3 and from 28 to 250 MW. The results are obtained by an improvement in neutronic characteristics, developments in nuclear fuel technology, and simplification of the system of charging the reactor, whose means of maintenance are increased; the EDF2 heat-exchangers have been so designed as to increase the unit power of the elements, which will attain 9 MWt, as against 3 for EDF1. For EDF3 an advance project forecasts a thermodynamic layout with only one pressure stage. The paper ends with a description of the burst-slug detection systems, and an appendix gives a detailed comparative table of EDF1, EDF2 and EDF3 plant characteristics. (author) [French] Apres avoir rappele l'integration de l'energie nucleaire parmi les moyens de production de l'energie en France, les auteurs se penchent surtout sur l'evolution des techniques appliquees dans l'equipement des centrales nucleaires francaises et decrivent les moyens mis en oeuvre pour reduire les prix de revient du kWh d'EDF2 et d'EDF3 par rapport a EDF1: la puissance electrique par tonne d'uranium varie de 493 kW/t pour EDF1 a 970 kW/t pour EDF3. C'est dans ce but que les puissances thermiques et la puissance unitaire des groupes turbo-alternateurs passent respectivement de 290 MWt pour EDF1 a 1200 ou 1600 MWt pour EDF3 et de 82 a 250 MW. Les resultats sont obtenus par une amelioration des caracteristiques neutroniques, des progres realises sur la technologie des elements

  13. Nuclear program of Iran. Towards de-escalation of a nuclear crisis. Advisory letter; Nucleair programma van Iran. Naar de-escalatie van een nucleaire crisis. Briefadvies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-04-15

    The Dutch government, partly at the request of the House of Representatives (Second Chamber), the AIV asked to give an opinion about the position of Iran in the region and the role of the nuclear program of Iran in the geopolitical relations, in view of the most recent developments [Dutch] De Nederlandse regering heeft, mede op verzoek van de Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal, de AIV gevraagd advies uit te brengen over de positie van Iran in de regio en de rol van het nucleaire programma van Iran in de geopolitieke verhoudingen hierin, mede gelet op de meest recente ontwikkelingen.

  14. Elecnuc. Nuclear power plants in the world; Elecnuc. Les centrales nucleaires dans le monde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This small booklet summarizes in tables all the numerical data relative to the nuclear power plants worldwide. These data come from the French CEA/DSE/SEE Elecnuc database. The following aspects are reviewed: 1999 highlights; main characteristics of the reactor types in operation, under construction or on order; map of the French nuclear power plants; worldwide status of nuclear power plants at the end of 1999; nuclear power plants in operation, under construction and on order; capacity of nuclear power plants in operation; net and gross capacity of nuclear power plants on the grid and in commercial operation; grid connection forecasts; world electric power market; electronuclear owners and share holders in EU, capacity and load factor; first power generation of nuclear origin per country, achieved or expected; performance indicator of PWR units in France; worldwide trend of the power generation indicator; 1999 gross load factor by operator; nuclear power plants in operation, under construction, on order, planned, cancelled, shutdown, and exported; planning of steam generators replacement; MOX fuel program for plutonium recycling. (J.S.)

  15. Particles identification using nuclear emulsion in OPERA; Identification des particules par les emulsions nucleaires dans OPERA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manai, K

    2007-10-15

    The Opera experiment will try to confirm the {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}} oscillations by the appearance of the {nu}{sub {tau}} in a pure {nu}{sub {mu}} beam. Indeed, a neutrino beam almost pure is produced at CERN (CNGS Beam) and sent to the Opera detector. The detector is composed of two muons spectrometers and a target formed by walls of bricks. Each brick is an alternation of lead plates and emulsions. This modular structure allows to reconstruct the kink topology of the {tau} lepton decay with a high spatial resolution. The great challenge of the Opera experiment is to detect the {nu}{sub {tau}} interactions with the less uncertainty. To reduce this uncertainty it is essential to identify with the greatest efficiency any background event not including a tau particle. My work permits to reduce background. My principal contribution concerns the selection development, the reconstruction and the muons identification at low energy. This work is based on the setting of variables related to the deposit energy and the multiple scattering. Previously, only deposit energy was used in the analyses of pion/muon separation. This study allows doubling the muon identification efficiency at low energy. This leads to increase the background events rejection in Opera and to decrease the contamination by 30%. I also studied the nuclear emulsions capacity to identify charged particles through the analysis of a test beam carried out by the Nagoya group. This test contains protons and pions with different energies. My work proves that the European scan system gives comparable results with those obtained by the Japanese scan system. (author)

  16. Effets du milieu sur la propagation des neutrinos dans la matiere nucleaire

    CERN Document Server

    Margueron, J

    2001-01-01

    We study the elementary interactions between neutrinos and dense matter in a proroneutron star. Equations of state obtained with different nuclear effective interactions (skyrme, Gogny, relativistic Lagrangians) are first discussed.Then we characterize their stability in spin and isospin. We derive magnetic susceptibilities for all isospin asymmetry values as a function of Landau parameters G^{tau tau'}_0 (where tau, tau' = proton or neutron)We calculate nthe pure neutron matter response functions with and withoutcharge exchange, describing nuclear correlations in both approaches : non-relativistic and relativistic. At the end we calculate neutrino mean free paths for neutral current and charged current reactions.Comparisons between relativistic and non-relativistic approaches allow us to identify relativistic effects in nuclear matter at densities as low as twice the saturation density.RPA correlations make the medium more transparent to neutrinos compared to free Fermi gas.

  17. Elecnuc. Nuclear power plants in the world; Elecnuc. Les centrales nucleaires dans le monde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    This small booklet summarizes in tables all data relative to the nuclear power plants worldwide. These data come from the IAEA's PRIS and AREVA-CEA's GAIA databases. The following aspects are reviewed: 2007 highlights; Main characteristics of reactor types; Map of the French nuclear power plants on 2007/01/01; Worldwide status of nuclear power plants (12/31/2007); Units distributed by countries; Nuclear power plants connected to the Grid- by reactor type groups; Nuclear power plants under construction on 2007; Evolution of nuclear power plants capacities connected to the grid; First electric generations supplied by a nuclear unit in each country; Electrical generation from nuclear power plants by country at the end 2007; Performance indicator of French PWR units; Evolution of the generation indicators worldwide by type; Nuclear operator ranking according to their installed capacity; Units connected to the grid by countries at 12/31/2007; Status of licence renewal applications in USA; Nuclear power plants under construction at 12/31/2007; Shutdown reactors; Exported nuclear capacity in net MWe; Exported and national nuclear capacity connected to the grid; Exported nuclear power plants under construction; Exported and national nuclear capacity under construction; Nuclear power plants ordered at 12/31/2007; Long term shutdown units at 12/31/2007; COL (combined licences) applications in the USA; Recycling of Plutonium in reactors and experiences; Mox licence plants projects; Appendix - historical development; Meaning of the used acronyms; Glossary.

  18. Elecnuc. Nuclear power plants in the world. 1997; Elecnuc. Les centrales nucleaires dans le monde. 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maubacq, F.; Tailland, C

    1997-04-01

    This small booklet provides information about all type of nuclear power plants worldwide. It is based on the data taken from the CEA/DSE/SEE Elecnuc database. The content comprises: the 1996 highlights, the main characteristics of the different type of reactors in operation or under construction, the map of the French nuclear power plant sites, the worldwide status of nuclear power plants at the end of 1996, the nuclear power plants in operation, under construction or on order (by groups of reactor-types), the power capacity evolution of power plants in operation, the net and gross capacity of the power plants on the grid, the commercial operation and grid connection forecasts, the first achieved or expected power generation supplied by a nuclear reactor for each country and the power generation from nuclear reactors, the performance indicator of the PWR units in France, the trends of the power generation indicator worldwide, the nuclear power plants in operation, under construction, on order, planned, cancelled, decommissioned and exported worldwide, the schedule of steam generator replacements, and the MOX fuel plutonium recycling programme. (J.S.)

  19. Elecnuc. Nuclear power plants in the world; Elecnuc. Les centrales nucleaires dans le monde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    This small booklet summarizes in tables all the numerical data relative to the nuclear power plants worldwide. These data come from the French CEA/DSE/SEE Elecnuc database. The following aspects are reviewed: 1997 highlights; main characteristics of the reactor types in operation, under construction or on order; map of the French nuclear power plants; worldwide status of nuclear power plants at the end of 1997; nuclear power plants in operation, under construction and on order; capacity of nuclear power plants in operation; net and gross capacity of nuclear power plants on the grid and in commercial operation; forecasts; first power generation of nuclear origin per country, achieved or expected; performance indicator of PWR units in France; worldwide trend of the power generation indicator; nuclear power plants in operation, under construction, on order, planned, cancelled, shutdown, and exported; planning of steam generators replacement; MOX fuel program for plutonium recycling. (J.S.)

  20. Elecnuc. Nuclear power plants in the world; Elecnuc. Les centrales nucleaires dans le monde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    This 2003 version of Elecnuc contents information, data and charts on the nuclear power plants in the world and general information on the national perspectives concerning the electric power industry. The following topics are presented: 2002 highlights; characteristics of main reactor types and on order; map of the French nuclear power plants; the worldwide status of nuclear power plants on 2002/12/3; units distributed by countries; nuclear power plants connected to the Grid by reactor type groups; nuclear power plants under construction; capacity of the nuclear power plants on the grid; first electric generations supplied by a nuclear unit; electrical generation from nuclear plants by country at the end 2002; performance indicator of french PWR units; trends of the generation indicator worldwide from 1960 to 2002; 2002 cumulative Load Factor by owners; nuclear power plants connected to the grid by countries; status of license renewal applications in Usa; nuclear power plants under construction; Shutdown nuclear power plants; exported nuclear power plants by type; exported nuclear power plants by countries; nuclear power plants under construction or order; steam generator replacements; recycling of Plutonium in LWR; projects of MOX fuel use in reactors; electricity needs of Germany, Belgium, Spain, Finland, United Kingdom; electricity indicators of the five countries. (A.L.B.)

  1. PERANCANGAN SISTEM INFORMASI AKUNTANSI KOPERASI DAN UMKM BERBASIS TECHNOPRENEUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dony Waluya Firdaus

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. The design of Accounting Information System of Cooperatives and UMKM based on Technopreneur can assist Cooperative and UMKM in presenting Financial Statement and produce accountable financial statements Accounting system development method using Rapid Application Development (RAD adjust the pace Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC in design using DFD and flowchart. UMKM and Cooperative accounting information system using Enterprise Resource Planning. Keywords: Design; Accounting information system; Cooperative; UMKM; ERP Abstrak. Perancangan Sistem Informasi Akuntansi Koperasi dan UMKM berbasis technopreneur dapat membantu Koperasi dan UMKM dalam menyajikan Laporan Keuangan dan menghasilkan laporan keuangan yang akuntabel. Metode pengembangan sistem informasi akuntansi menggunakan Rapid Application Development (RAD menyesuaikan pase Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC dalam perancangan menggunakan DFD dan flowchart. Sistem informasi akuntansi UMKM dan Koperasi menggunakan Enterprise Resources Planning. Keywords: Perancangan; Sistem Informasi Akuntansi; Koperasi; UMKM; ERP

  2. International cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    In this chapter international cooperation of the Division for Radiation Safety, NPP Decommissioning and Radwaste Management of the VUJE, a. s. is presented. Very important is cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency. This cooperation has various forms - national and regional projects of technical cooperation, coordinated research activities, participation of our experts in preparation of the IAEA documentation etc.

  3. The atomic energy course of the 'Institut National des Sciences et Techniques nucleaires' at the centre d'Etudes Nucleaires at Saclay; L'enseignement de genie atomique de l'Institut national des Sciences et Techniques nucleaires au Centre d'Etudes nucleaires de Saclay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baissas, H. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    foreign students. 8- Annexe: list of courses, practical work, pile projects drawn up by the 1957 students. (author)Fren. [French] 1- Les raisons de sa creation. L'electricite de France et l'industrie interessee par le developpement de l'Energie atomique ont demande au Commissariat a l'Energie atomique de former des ingenieurs capables d'etudier des projets de piles et de diriger leur construction. 2- Recrutement et Droits d'inscription. Les demandes d'inscription ont toujours depasse les possibilites. Cette annee, les cours sont suivis par 74 eleves permanents, dont 20 etrangers, et une centaine d'auditeurs libres. Tous les elevont deja ingenieurs ou nantis de grades universitaires eleves. Droit d'inscription: 250 000 F pour les eleves, 125 000 F pour les auditeurs. 3- Organisation de l'Enseignement. II comprend deux options: physique et chimie et dans chaque option: une centaine de conferences, une trentaine de travaux pratiques, des stages dans les services, l'etude d'un projet de reacteur par un groupe de 4 ou 5 eleves. L'ensemble occupe l'annee universitaire du 1 novembre au 14 juillet. 4- Sanction. Un examen final combinant les notes de deux epreuves theoriques, des travaux pratiques, du stage, et du projet conduit a un diplome d'ingenieur en genie atomique. Il n'est pas cree en realite de nouveaux ingenieurs; une mention nouvelle est seulement ajoutee a un diplome deja acquis. Les resultats ont toujours ete excellents. Le pourcentage des echecs est tres faible. 5- Placement des Diplomes. Ils reviennent tous dans leurs industries d'origine qui ont paye leurs salaires et les droits d'inscription en se privant de leurs services pendant les neuf mois de duree des cours. 6- Creations analogues. Un cours analogue a ete cree au Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Grenoble. Tandis que celui de SACLAY s'adresse plus specialement aux ingenieurs deja en fonctions, celui de Grenoble

  4. Dan Wang

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Dan Wang. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 36 Issue 6 November 2013 pp 1013-1017. Adhesion enhancement for liquid silicone rubber and different surface by organosilane and Pt catalyst at room temperature · Fang Wang Yanni Li Dan Wang.

  5. Teleworking through cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario Minervini

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available La diffusion des TIC a des effets majeurs sur la société et sur l’économie. L’effet des nouvelles technologies sur le travail est évident dans les transformations de l’organisation du travail et des pratiques dans les organisations. Le télétravail est un bon exemple de ces nouvelles pratiques. Le présent texte expose les résultats d’un projet de recherche récemment mené sur le télétravail. Contrairement à l’approche qui présente un modèle d’avantages pour les acteurs économiques et sociaux, notre hypothèse est que le schème dialogique est lié aux nouvelles technologies et que la coopération est une dimension importante du télétravail. Dans notre étude, la coopération est observée à la fois dans les relations sociales entre employeurs et employés, et dans l’institutionnalisation de relations entre managers et syndicats. Bien que les deux formes de coopération, appelées ici coopération sociale et coopération institutionnelle, soient souvent considérées comme des prérequis aux « meilleures pratiques » en matière de nouvelles organisations du travail, nos études de cas montrent que la coopération n’est pas toujours au rendez-vous, ce qui rend difficile la mise en place des pratiques de télétravail. Nous discutons des résultats de diverses études de cas dans l’industrie et les services en nous centrant sur les relations de coopération et ce, afin de contribuer au débat sociologique sur le télétravail.The diffusion of ICT has massive effects on society and economy. The impact of the new technologies on work is apparent in new ways of organizing work and in new practices introduced in organizations. Telework is one good example within these. In this paper, we present the results of a recent research project on telework, in which we have been engaged. Differently from the approach referring to a model of benefits for economic and social actors, our hypothesis is that the dialogical

  6. Etude thermo-hydraulique de l'ecoulement du moderateur dans le reacteur CANDU-6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehdi Zadeh, Foad

    Etant donne la taille (6,0 m x 7,6 m) ainsi que le domaine multiplement connexe qui caracterisent la cuve des reacteurs CANDU-6 (380 canaux dans la cuve), la physique qui gouverne le comportement du fluide moderateur est encore mal connue de nos jours. L'echantillonnage de donnees dans un reacteur en fonction necessite d'apporter des changements a la configuration de la cuve du reacteur afin d'y inserer des sondes. De plus, la presence d'une zone intense de radiations empeche l'utilisation des capteurs courants d'echantillonnage. En consequence, l'ecoulement du moderateur doit necessairement etre etudie a l'aide d'un modele experimental ou d'un modele numerique. Pour ce qui est du modele experimental, la fabrication et la mise en fonction de telles installations coutent tres cher. De plus, les parametres de la mise a l'echelle du systeme pour fabriquer un modele experimental a l'echelle reduite sont en contradiction. En consequence, la modelisation numerique reste une alternative importante. Actuellement, l'industrie nucleaire utilise une approche numerique, dite de milieu poreux, qui approxime le domaine par un milieu continu ou le reseau des tubes est remplace par des resistances hydrauliques distribuees. Ce modele est capable de decrire les phenomenes macroscopiques de l'ecoulement, mais ne tient pas compte des effets locaux ayant un impact sur l'ecoulement global, tel que les distributions de temperatures et de vitesses a proximite des tubes ainsi que des instabilites hydrodynamiques. Dans le contexte de la surete nucleaire, on s'interesse aux effets locaux autour des tubes de calandre. En effet, des simulations faites par cette approche predisent que l'ecoulement peut prendre plusieurs configurations hydrodynamiques dont, pour certaines, l'ecoulement montre un comportement asymetrique au sein de la cuve. Ceci peut provoquer une ebullition du moderateur sur la paroi des canaux. Dans de telles conditions, le coefficient de reactivite peut varier de maniere

  7. INDUSTRIALISASI DAN TANTANGANNYA PADA SEKTOR PENDIDIKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Unwanullah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Industrialisasi dan Tantangannya pada Sektor Pendidikan. Sumbangan pendidikan dalam perubahan dan pembangunan masa lalu telah bergeser dengan kemajuan teknoekonomi dan komunikasi. Perubahan yang terjadi telah menggeser tatanan kehidupan dan pandangan masyarakat. Materialisme, kapitalisme, efisiensi, dan efektivitas telah menjadi tujuan dan semangat hidup. Pergeseran pandangan masyarakat telah mengubah pula pandangan keberhasilan dan mutu pendidikan, di mana pendidikan diukur dari keberhasilan dalam keterserapan lulusan dalam dunia kerja, oleh karenanya pendidikan dianalisis dari karakteristik sebagai investasi (capital-investment. Pergeseran makna dan tanggung jawab pendidikan mendorong dunia pendidikan melakukan pembaruan dengan alternatif: membangun pembaruan penalaran warganya menuju pemerdekaan dan pendewasaan, pendidikan dilaksanakan secara komprehensif dan bekerjasama dengan semua pihak secara kemitraan, dan membangun visi pendidikan secara komprehensif dan simultan dengan semua pihak. Kata kunci: perubahan sosial, materialistik, modernisasi dan kapitalis Abstract: Industrialization and its education Sector challenges. Contribution of education has shifted with the progress of technology, economy, and communication. The changes have shifted the society's views. Materialism, capitalism, efficiency, and effectiveness have become of interest and enthusiasm for life. The shift has changed society's view, i.e. the view of success and quality of education, in which education is measured from a rate of the absorption of graduates into labor market, therefore education is analyzed from the characteristics of an investment (capital-investment. A shift in meaning and responsibility of education encourages the education sector to create reformation through these following alternatives: creating new thoughts towards liberation and maturation, implementing education comprehensively and cooperating with all parties in partnership, and creating

  8. Analytic index for nuclear physicians uses; Repertoire analytique a l'usage des physiciens nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ballini, R.; Barloutaud, R.; Bernas, R.; Bretonneau, P.; Chaminade, R.; Cohen, R.; Conjeaud, M.; Cotton, E.; Faraggi, H.; Grjebine, T.; Joffre, H.; Laboulaye, H. de; Lesueur, C.; Leveque, A.; Moreau, J.; Naggiar, V.; Papineau, L.; Prugne, P.; Schuhl, C.; Studinowski, FJ.; Netter, F.; Raievski, V.; Valladas, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Lab. du Fort de Chatillon, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Marty, N.; Renard, G. [College de France, Lab. de Chimie Nucleaire (France)

    The problem of the documentation in nuclear physics becomes constantly more complex. Every week brings its share of new publications, always more numerous and more varied. To remedy to this facts that we tried, in the service of Nuclear Physics of the CEA, to give to the documentation a character of a collective and systematized work. The present report covers the literature appeared between first January 1950 and first July 1951. (Volume 1: CEA report number 120; Volume 2: CEA report number 184). (M.B.) [French] Le probleme de la documentation en physique nucleaire devient sans cesse plus complexe. Chaque semaine apporte son lot de publications, toujours plus nombreuses et plus diversifiees. C'est pour essayer de porter remede a cet etat de choses que nous avons essaye, au service de Physique Nucleaire du C.E.A., de donner a la documentation le caractere d'un travail collectif systematise. Le present rapport couvre la litterature parue entre le premier Janvier 1950 et le premier Juillet 1951. (Tome 1: Rapport CEA numero 120; Tome 2: Rapport CEA numero 184). (M.B.)

  9. The formation of scientists and technicians at the 'Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires' at Saclay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Debiesse, J.

    1958-01-01

    The considerable needs in research workers and scientists which are asked by the nuclear energy obliged the Commissariat a l'Energie atomique to deal with a particular effort to increase the quantitative and qualitative formation of scientists. Most various ways have been used. 1- A National Institute of Nuclear Sciences and Nuclear Techniques was created, by a joint decree of the Prime Minister and the Minister for National Education (june 18, 1957). This Institute of Higher Teaching (250 students) indulges in the following matters: atomic engineering, quantum mechanics, theory and technic of particle accelerators, special metallurgy, radiobiology, thermic and mechanics of fluids. 2- An associated centre of the 'Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers' was created (200 students) for technical assistants, drawers, etc. 3- In contribution with both electronic industry and Ministry of Work, the Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires contributes to an accelerated formation of technical assistants into Professional Centres. Conclusion: Training of scientists and research workers is one of the most important activities of the Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay. Without losing its technical efficiency, it has supplied and varied means adapted to the various purposes that we shall reach. (author) [fr

  10. An example o French - Italian cooperation in the area of energy: ENEL in France; Un exemple de collaboration franco-italienne dans le domaine de l'energie: ENEL en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cremieux, M. [Enel France, 75 - Paris (France)

    2010-07-15

    The electricity market liberalization also allows to renew European industrial cooperation. As a symbol of such cooperation, Enel, the first both Italian and Spanish operator, develops an integrated position in France where industrial cooperation with Electricite de France in the EPR project goes with a business activity competing with the historical operator. Such industrial cooperation allows Enel to benefit by experience in all available technologies and is of crucial importance in light of the Italian government's choice to develop nuclear energy in Italy. Those industrial agreements, beneficial both for consumers and for the European development, cannot develop unless a number of economic properties are complied with. (author)

  11. Etude de la distribution des champs magnetostatiques dans une section d'essais de type CANDU chauffee par effet de joule

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Darren

    Parmi tous les parametres physiques consideres lors de l'analyse de surete d'un reacteur nucleaire, le flux de chaleur critique (FCC) fait partie des plus importants. Afin d'etudier le FCC sous des conditions experimentales relativement securitaires, la chaleur degagee par le combustible nucleaire peut etre reproduite grâce a l'effetet de Joule. Or, afin de generer la puissance thermique necessaire pour les experiences sur le FCC des reacteurs CANDU, des courants electriques tres eleves de l'ordre de plusieurs dizaines de milliers d'amperes sont requis ce qui genere un champ magnetostatique tres intense capable d'interagir avec la section d'essais et l'instrumentation. Consequemment, l'industrie nucleaire est preoccupee par les effets de ce champ magnetique sur les donnees collectees et par les forces d'origine magnetique agissant sur le systeme. Dans ce contexte, le travail presente dans ce memoire de maitrise vise l'implementation d'une methodologie de calcul capable de fournir une information detaillee sur le champ magnetique engendre par ces courants. Toutefois, etant donne la complexitee du systeme, une etude magnetostatique appropriee requiert une methode numerique afin d'obtenir une distribution fiable du champ magnetique a travers differentes structures de la section d'essais. a cet effet, nous considerons dans le cadre de ce memoire le volume integral equation method (VIEM), une methode bien etablie basee sur les solutions integrales des equations de Maxwell. Plus precisement, nous employons le VIEM afin d'etudier la distribution du champ magetique a l'interieur de la section d'essais et pour determiner l'influence des prises concues pour le branchement des capteurs de pression sur la symetrie de cette distribution. Etant donne que les methodes integrales incluent les conditions aux limites et par consequent ne requierent pas l'emploi d'un critere de convergence, nous proposons une nouvelle technique de discretisation. L'emploi de cette procedure nous

  12. Cooperative design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Kjeld

    1998-01-01

    if concurrent engineering is to succeed. On the basis of ethnographic studies of cooperative design, the paper attempts to characterize cooperative work in the domain of design and to outline a set of crucial research problems to be addressed if CSCW is to help engineers and de-signers meet the challenges...

  13. Relationship Marketing dan Jaringan Nilai di Koperasi Pertanian (Studi Kasus di Koperasi Pertanian Gerbang Emas di Desa Cibodas, Kecamatan Lembang, Kabupaten Bandung Barat, Jawa Barat [Relationship Marketing and Value Networks in Agricultural Cooperatives: A Case Study of the Agricultural Cooperative Golden Gate in Cibodas Village, District Lembang, West Bandung Regency, West Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmadian Melati

    2017-09-01

    Bahasa Indonesia Abstrak: Sebuah koperasi mempunyai tujuan untuk mensejahterakan anggotanya. Kendala yang kerap terjadi di koperasi disebabkan oleh stakeholders dari bisnis koperasi yang tidak menjalankan fungsi dari koperasi. Tujuan penelitian ini ialah untuk mengetahui bagaimana pola relationship marketing, serta pertukaran nilai yang berlangsung di Koperasi Pertanian Gerbang Emas. Data diperoleh dengan wawancara mendalam kepada stakeholders yang bersangkutan dengan bisnis dari koperasi dan kemudian akan dikelompokan melalui six markets model yang berfungsi untuk mengetahui peran dari masing-masing stakeholders, dan jaringan nilai digambarkan melalui holo mapping dengan melihat pertukaran nilai dengan stakeholders dalam bentuk produk, jasa, dan pendapatan; pengetahuan; dan manfaat tidak berwujud. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukan bahwa Koperasi Pertanian Gerbang Emas belum memiliki peran yang seutuhnya terhadap internal market mereka, yaitu anggota koperasi, hal itu mempengaruhi pola relationship marketing Koperasi Pertanian Gerbang Emas dengan stakeholders lainnya. Pertukaran nilai yang terjadi dalam hubungan tersebut adalah pertukaran produk atau jasa yang menghasilkan biaya atau pendapatan. Pertukaran nilai dalam pengetahuan yang berupa pelatihan, wawasan budidaya, teknis penggunaan teknologi, serta wawasan mengenai pembukuan. Selain itu pertukaran nilai pada intangible benefit, meliputi rasa kepercayaan dan komitmen. Perbaikan dari internal market Koperasi Pertanian Gerbang Emas melalui pendekatan relationship marketing sangat dibutuhkan untuk menciptakan kepercayaan dan komitmen anggota Koperasi Pertanian Gerbang Emas.

  14. The 1989 annual report of the Institut de Physique Nucleaire-Orsay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1989-01-01

    The activity report of the Institut de Physique Nucleaire (Orsay-France) from 1 Sep 1988 to 1 Aug 1989 is presented. Theoretical and experimental investigations were carried out in the following fields: light and medium exotic nuclei, on line spectroscopy, discrete high spin states, new radioactivities, thermal fission, detection systems, giant resonances, high excitation energy structure, reaction mechanisms at energies below 10 MeV/u and at 200 MeV/u and their evolution between 10 and 100 MeV/u, meson production, transfer reactions, spin modes in nuclei, dibaryonic resonances, inelastic scattering of polarized protons. Research programs in the field of radiochemistry and relating to inter-disciplinary fields are included. The activities involving teaching, the lists of publications conferences, seminars and theses are presented [fr

  15. The French civilian nuclear: connections and stakes; Le nucleaire civil francais: filieres et enjeux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    This document (18 power point slides) gives an overview of the French civilian nuclear industry and research and development: importance of the nuclear power generation in France, excellence of the education in nuclear sciences, organization of the nuclear connection (CEA, Areva, EDF, IRSN), the role of the French International Nuclear Agency (AFNI), the requirements for a renewal of human resources (French and foreign engineers) in the field of nuclear energy, the degree course for a diploma, examples of engineer and university diplomas, the educational networks in various regions of France, presentation of the Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucleaires (Nuclear Sciences and Techniques National Institute) and its master degrees, organization of the French education system in nuclear sciences with strong relations with the research and development programs

  16. Cooperative research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oakley, D.J.; Jones, K.G.; Morrison, A.; Burdis, I.

    1992-01-01

    Increasing environmental constraints on the use of oil-based drilling fluids have prompted close cooperation between operators and service companies to maintain the technical performance of drilling fluids while reducing oil discharge. This paper describes how Amerada Hess Ltd. (AHL) and Intl. Drilling Fluids Ltd. (IDF) cooperated by extending laboratory developments into controlled field trials and how feedback from the field has allowed rapid progress toward performance and ecological goals. The authors developed a novel, oil-free, highly inhibitive water-based drilling fluid. The inhibition offered by this fluid approaches that offered by oil-based fluids. Second, the authors developed invert-emulsion and direct-emulsion fluids with low oil/water ratios for low oil-on-cuttings applications. The cooperative process improved the technical performance of these fluids demonstrably and reduced the oil on cuttings

  17. Gamma radiation in space and in the atmosphere; Rayonnement gamma dans l'espace et dans l'atmosphere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rocchia, R. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1966-07-01

    We have shown that the {gamma} radiation existing in the atmosphere is caused mainly by the Bremsstrahlung of the electrons of the electromagnetic cascades ({approx} 50 per cent of the measured radiation), by the 511 keV radiation produced by the annihilation of positrons created in cascades (8 per cent of the measured intensity) and by the Compton {gamma} degradation of this line (30 per cent of the measured intensity). The rest, slightly over 10 per cent, must be attributed to secondary causes such as the nuclear de-excitation {gamma} to the internal Bremsstrahlung of charged particles created in nuclear stars, and to charged particles crossing our detector, since the latter was not fitted with a device for rejecting these particles. Experiments carried out in rockets at Colomb-Bechar confirm these results and have made it possible to detect and measure a primary {gamma} radiation having an intensity of {approx} 2 {gamma} cm{sup 2} s{sup -1} above 100 keV. The primary spectrum obeys an approximate E{sup -2} law. (author) [French] Nous avons montre que le rayonnement {gamma} existant dans l'atmosphere est provoque principalement por le bremsstrohlung des electrons des cascades electromagnetiques ({approx} 50 pour cent du rayonnement mesure), au rayonnement 511 keV provoque par l'annihilation des positrons crees dans les cascades (8 pour cent de l'intensite mesuree) et aux {gamma} de degradation Compton de cette raie (30 pour cent de l'intensite mesuree). Le reste, soit un peu plus de 10 pour cent, doit etre attribue a des causes secondaires telles que les {gamma} de desexcitation nucleaire, le bremsstrahlung interne des particules chargees creees dans les etoiles nucleaires, et aux particules chargees traversant notre detecteur car celui-ci ne comportait pas de dispositif de rejet de ces particules. Les experiences faites en fusees a Colomb-Bechar ont confirme ces resultats et permis de detecter et mesurer un rayonnement {gamma} primaire dont l

  18. Conflictual cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Axel, Erik

    2011-01-01

    , cooperation appeared as the continuous reworking of contradictions in the local arrangement of societal con- ditions. Subjects were distributed and distributed themselves according to social privileges, resources, and dilemmas in cooperation. Here, the subjects’ activities and understandings took form from...... each other, their dilemmas, and their previous experience. This meant that they had each their perspective on ongoing praxis. Three observations from the collaboration in the control room are presented, one on stabilizing the function of an object, another on standardizing a procedure, and one...

  19. Overview of the Russian nuclear industry; Le panorama nucleaire russe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-02-15

    In 2004, President Poutine decided to replace the atomic energy ministry (Minatom) by the federal atomic energy agency (Rosatom). Several projects were launched during the next two years which aimed at bringing back Russia to the fore front of the world leaders of nuclear energy use and nuclear technology export. In 2007, Rosatom agency was changed to a public holding company and a new company, named Atomenergoprom, was created which gathers all civil nuclear companies (AtomEnergoMash for the exploitation of power plants, Technabsexport (Tenex) specialized in enrichment or Atomstryexport in charge of export activities). Thus, Rosatom is at the head of all civilian and military nuclear companies, of all research centers, and of all nuclear and radiological safety facilities. In 2006, Russian nuclear power plants supplied 15.8% of the whole power consumption. Russia wishes to develop its nuclear program with the construction of new reactors in order to reach a nuclear electricity share of 25% from now to 2020. This paper presents first the 2007 institutional reform of the Russian atomic sector, and the three sectorial federal programmes: 1 - development of the nuclear energy industrial complex for the 2007-2010 era and up to 2015 (future power plants, nuclear fuel centers and reactor prototypes), 2 - nuclear safety and radioprotection for the 2008-2015 era (waste management, remedial actions, radiation protection), 3 - military program (confidential). Then, the paper presents: the international actions (export of Russian technology, cooperation agreements, non-proliferation), the situation of the existing nuclear park (reactors in operation, stopped, under construction and in project), the fuel cycle activities (production of natural uranium, enrichment, fuel fabrication, spent fuel storage, reprocessing, waste management), the nuclear R and D in Russia, and the nuclear safety authority. (J.S.)

  20. Cooperating Internationally.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Wayne

    1999-01-01

    A number of college and university consortia have embarked on international educational cooperation ventures, providing valuable experiences and benefits for faculty, students, alumni, and the community. For these programs to be effective, they must have high-level institutional support, equal opportunities to participate, effective marketing and…

  1. Cooperative Education in the New Brunswick Community College System. Interim Report--Phase 1 = L'enseignement cooperatif dans le systeme du College communautaire du Nouveau-Brunswick. Rapport provisoire: phase 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Brunswick Labour Force Development Board, Fredericton.

    In an effort to improve cooperative education (CE) programs, or those which formally integrate academic studies with work experience, in the New Brunswick Community College System (Canada), a study was conducted to explore the current status and structure of existing CE programs and determine approaches for future program development. This report…

  2. Cooperative design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Kjeld

    1998-01-01

    In the contemporary world, engineers and designers face huge challenges as they shift towards novel organizational concepts such as ‘concurrent engineering’ in order to manage increasing product diversity so as to satisfy customer demands while trying to accelerate the design process to deal...... with the competitive realities of a global market and decreasing product life cycles. In this environment, the coordination and integration of the myriads of interdependent and yet distributed and concurrent design activities becomes enormously complex. It thus seems as if CSCW technologies may be indispensable...... if concurrent engineering is to succeed. On the basis of ethnographic studies of cooperative design, the paper attempts to characterize cooperative work in the domain of design and to outline a set of crucial research problems to be addressed if CSCW is to help engineers and de-signers meet the challenges...

  3. Twelve reasons to refuse the nuclear in the MDP; Douze raisons pour refuser le nucleaire dans le MDP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonduelle, A

    2000-07-01

    The author presents twelve reasons which show that the nuclear energy has not a place in the MDP Mechanism of Clean Development: a main loophole for the developed countries, the doubtful ''additionality'' of the nuclear, the treaty ratification is more difficult with the nuclear, the domestic energy conservation is more efficient in Europe than the nuclear development, the nuclear white elephants facing the South debts, the technology transfers are doubtful, the developing countries and the sustainable development policies are evicted from the MDP, some options are more powerful in the South, the reactors and transport networks size are unsuited, the absence of democratic control, the nuclear proliferation, the nuclear safety and the wastes. (A.L.B.)

  4. Semi-classical theory of fluctuations in nuclear matter; Theorie semi-classique des fluctuations dans la matiere nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benhassine, B. [Nantes Univ., 44 (France)

    1994-01-14

    At intermediate energies the heavy ion collisions can be studied within the framework of a semi-classical approach based on the Vlasov-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (VUU) equation. Such an approach reduces the N-body problem to its description in terms of the one-body distribution function and constitutes the basis of several successful simulation models. Our aim in this work is to extend these average approaches to treat fluctuations. Within the framework of a linear approximation, we derived a Fokker-Planck transport equation in the one-body phase space. When it is reduced to its first moments, one recovers the VUU equation for the average dynamics together with the time evolution equation for the correlations. The collective transport coefficients are then obtained by projection on the one-body collective space. Independently, using a projection method introduced by Van Kampen, based on the constants of motion, we deduce the stationary expressions for the covariance matrix in phase space. We extract then, the equilibrium dispersions of one-body observables in a homogeneous case and in a spherical symmetric one. These results are compared with two types of simulation models in a relaxation time approximation. In the first one which is of Lagrangian type, the collective transport coefficients are directly extracted from the simulation and consequently the numerical fluctuations are washed out. The second model, due to its Eulerian character, allows us to make a microscopical comparison. (author) 58 refs.

  5. Excitations in superfluid systems: contributions of the nuclear structure; Excitations dans les systemes superfluides: contributions de la structure nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khan, E

    2005-12-15

    The author presents successively the theoretical aspect, the experimental aspect and the applied aspect of excitations in nuclear structures. The quasi-particle random phase approximation (QRPA) tool is first described. Recent approaches on QRPA are based on the theory of the density function where the ground state and excited states are described from the same nucleon-nucleon interaction. 2 methods for measuring the collective excitations are then presented: the proton scattering that has the potentiality to investigate the evolution of magicity, the second method is in fact a new method for measuring the giant mono-polar resonance (GMP) in exotic nuclei. Nuclear reactions are considered as a compulsory step on the way from observables like cross-sections to nuclear structure. The author highlights the assets of the convolution model that can generate the optical potential from the effective nucleon-nucleon interaction and from proton and neutron densities of the nuclei involved. R-processes in nucleosynthesis and neutron stars are reviewed as applications of collective excitations in the field of nuclear astrophysics. (A.C.)

  6. Modelling of heterogenous neutron leakages in a nuclear reactor; Modelisation des fuites heterogenes de neutrons dans un reacteur nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wohleber, X

    1997-11-17

    The TIBERE Model is a neutron leakage method based on B{sub 1} heterogeneous transport equation resolution. In this work, we have studied the influence of the reflection mode at the boundary of the assembly. In particular the White boundary condition has been implemented in the APOLLO2 neutron transport code. We have compared the two TIBERE kinds of boundary conditions (specular and white) with the classical B{sub 1} homogeneous leakage method in the modelling of some reactors. We have remarked the better capability of the TIBERE Model to compute voided assemblies. The white boundary condition is also able to compute a completely voided assembly and, besides, wins a factor 10 in CPU time in comparison with the specular boundary condition. These two heterogenous leakage formalisms have been tested on a partially voided experiment and have shown that the TIBERE Model can compute this kind of situation with a greater precision than the classical B{sub 1} homogeneous leakage method, and with a shorter computational time. (author)

  7. Medical surveillance of outside workers in base nuclear facilities; Surveillance medicale des travailleurs exterieurs dans les installations nucleaires de base

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1997-06-01

    Here are described two bylaws relative to the training of doctors in charge of the radiation protection of outside enterprises workers and susceptible to intervene in nuclear facilities, and to the entitlement clauses of medical services in charge to make the medical surveillance of outside enterprises workers intervening in nuclear facilities. (N.C.).

  8. Propagation of neutrinos in nuclear matter; Effets du milieu sur la propagation des neutrinos dans la matiere nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Margueron, J

    2001-07-01

    We study the elementary interactions between neutrinos and dense matter in a proto-neutron star. Equations of state obtained with different nuclear effective interactions (Skyrme, Gogny, Relativistic Lagrangians) are first discussed. Then, we characterize their stability in spin and isospin. We derive magnetic susceptibilities for all isospin asymmetry values as a function of Landau parameters G{sup {pi}}{sup {pi}}{sup '}{sub 0} (where {pi}, {pi}' = proton or neutron). From this work, we select a parametrization for each of the 3 effective forces: Sly230b,D1P,NL3. We calculate the pure neutron matter and asymmetric nuclear matter response functions with and without charge exchange, describing nuclear correlations in both approaches: non-relativistic (Hartree-Fock with Skyrme forces, then complete RPA) and relativistic (in the Hartree approximation). At the end, we calculate neutrino mean free paths neutral current and charged current reactions. Comparisons between relativistic and non-relativistic approaches allow us to identify relativistic effects in nuclear matter at densities as low as twice the saturation density. RPA correlations make the medium more transparent to neutrinos compared to free Fermi gas. The importance of the effective mass in mean free path calculations is also shown. (author)

  9. Remote-operated systems for interventions in civil nuclear facilities; Systemes teleoperes pour interventions dans les installations nucleaires civiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonneville, A. [Groupe INTRA, 37 - Avoine (France)

    1999-10-01

    This short paper is a presentation of the aerial and terrestrial means developed by the Intra Group specialized in interventions in the case of nuclear accidents and incidents. The aerial means consist in a airborne system called Helinuc and which can perform spectro-gamma measurements over surfaces of about 15 km{sup 2} using an `Ecureuil`-type helicopter. The terrestrial means comprise different types of robots for surveys, sampling, manipulation, various works etc.. and remote-controlled caterpillar tractors, shovels and dumper trucks. (J.S.)

  10. The myeloid splenomegaly in a service of nuclear medicine; La splenomegalie myeloide dans un service de Medecine Nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rain, J-D.; Najean, Y.; Billoty, C. [Service de Medecine Nucleaire, Hopital Saint-Louis, Paris (France)

    1997-12-31

    The existence in a Nuclear Medicine service of several in-vivo (scintigraphy and kinetic) and in-vitro (dosages) sections can contribute into a better knowledge of diseases due to the complementarity of the provided information. Exploration, since 1990, of 183 primary and secondary myeloid splenomegalies (MS) is a good example. These 183 patients have had a medullary scintigraphy with Technetium colloids and Indium Transferrin, 98, a measurement of the sanguine mass, 60, a kinetic study of Iron-Chromium erythropoiesis and 180, a dosage of pro-collagen III. These four examinations allowed confirming the MS diagnosis and orienting the prognostic. The medullary scintigraphy is able to show the poverty of marrow-sustaining tissues and allows measuring the splenomegaly. It helps evaluating the wealth of myelopoietic tissue and its extensions and confirming the spleenic erythropoiesis. The measure of sanguine mass specifies the existence and importance of true anaemia and hemodilution due to the splenomegaly. The kinetic study by Iron-Chromium indicates the medullary spleenic production, degree of dys-erythropoiesis, the presence of hemolysis and its location. It brings about important prognostic arguments and is a precious aid in making the difficult decision of indication of splenectomy. The pro-collagen III dosage is of a certain prognostic interest. The patients with less than 0.70 U/ml have a slow evolutivity of their disease, those with values within 0.70 to 1 U/ml have a more severe evolution, while for those having values higher than 1 U/ml the prognostic is bad on short terms. In conclusion, the diagnosis and prognostic of these examinations in MS justify maintenance of a plurality of in-vivo and in-vitro techniques in our services

  11. Preparation and study of the properties of lead telluride and cadmium telluride diodes for use in nuclear spectrometry; Preparation et etude des proprietes de diodes au tellurure de plomb et au tellurure de cadmium en vue d'une utilisation en spectrometrie nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lancon, R. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-07-01

    . La trop faible resistivite de notre materiau nous empeche de l'utiliser en detection de rayonnements nucleaires. Differents types de structures a base de CdTe ont ete etudiees. L'une des diodes realisees a permis la detection de particules alpha. Les performances limitees de ce detecteur sont expliquees par la presence dans CdTe de defauts de reseau jouant le role de centres de recombinaison des porteurs de charge. L'analyse des proprietes de diodes realisees par diffusion d'or dans CdTe a permis d'identifier ce defaut, la lacune de cadmium, dont la presence est due a un ecart a la stoechiometrie lors de la preparation du materiau. (auteur)

  12. Bill project authorizing the approval of the agreement between the French Republic Government and the Government of the Republic of India related to the allocation of intellectual property rights in the agreements on the development of peaceful uses of nuclear energy - No. 4021; Projet de loi autorisant l'approbation de l'accord entre le Gouvernement de la Republique francaise et le Gouvernement de la Republique de l'Inde relatif a la repartition des droits de propriete intellectuelle dans les accords de developpement des utilisations pacifiques de l'energie nucleaire - No. 4021

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Juppe, Alain [Ministere des Affaires Etrangeres et Europeennes, 37 Quai d' Orsay, 75007 Paris (France); Fillon, Francois [Premier ministre, Hotel de Matignon, 57, rue de Varenne, 75700 Paris (France)

    2011-12-01

    This document is related to the nuclear cooperation agreement signed in September 2008 between France and India. As this cooperation may have different aspects and lead to different kinds of exchanges between both countries, the allocation of intellectual property rights is an important issue, and has also to deal with the Indian legal context. Thus, this agreement defines the main notions (intellectual property, application agreement, common results, own knowledge), outlines the importance of intellectual property protection, defines the modalities of use of information, outlines the need to foresee a protection for confidential information, addresses the use of information which is already existing or which is produced within the cooperation, and defines the main guidelines for the protection, the allocation and the use of common results obtained within the cooperation

  13. PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN KOMUNIKASI DAN BERPIKIR KRITIS MATEMATIS MELALUI MODEL KOOPERATIF STAD DAN MURDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrs. Nuryanti

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study compared the implementation of STAD (Student Team Achievement Divisions and MURDER (Mood-Understanding-Recall-Detect-Elaborate-Review cooperative learning in terms of mathematical communication, critical thinking, and students’ prior knowledge. Subjects were 49 tenth grader in one of vocational high schools in Bandung Regency, 23 students for STAD class and 26 for MURDER. Mathematical communication and critical thinking ability were evaluated from pretest, posttest, and N-Gain. Data were analyzed using t-test and one-way ANOVA. Difference in implementation results according to students’ prior knowledge was evaluated using scheffe test. Statistical analysis suggested that N-Gain difference in mathematical ability (p = 0,405, p> 0,05 as well as mathematical critical thinking (p = 0,667, p > 0,05 was insignificant between cooperative learning type. Students’ prior knowledge effect on these cooperative learning implementation results was addressed.ABSTRAK Penelitian ini membandingkan penerapan pembelajaran kooperatif tipe STAD (Student Team Achievement Divisions dengan pembelajaran kooperatif tipe MURDER (Mood-Understanding-Recall-Detect-Elaborate-Review ditinjau dari kemampuan komunikasi, berpikir matematis, dan Pengetahuan Awal siswa (PAM. Subjek penelitian adalah 49 siswa kelas X di salah satu SMK di Kabupaten Bandung, 23 siswa untuk kelas STAD dan 26 siswa untuk kelas MURDER. Kemampuan komunikasi dan berpikir kritis dievaluasi dari hasil pretes, postes dan N-Gain. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji t dan anova satu jalur. Untuk mengetahui perbedaan hasil penerapan kedua pembelajaran kooperatif berdasarkan Pengetahuan Awal Matematis siswa (PAM uji scheffe digunakan sebagai sebagai uji lanjutan. Hasil statistik menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan N-Gain kemampuan komunikasi matematis (p = 0,405, p> 0,05 dan peningkatan kemampuan berpikir kritis matematis (p = 0,667, p > 0,05 antar tipe pembelajaran kooperatif. Pengaruh PAM

  14. Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Colek Pipi (Cooperative Learning Ko Picture and Picture) Terhadap Motivasi Dan Hasil Belajar IPA Peserta Didik Kelas VIII SMP Muhammadiyah Rambah Kabupaten Rokan Hulu Tahun Pembelajaran 2014/2015

    OpenAIRE

    Nasution, Sri Hariyanti; Lestari, Rena; -, Dahlia

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the effect of learning model COLEK PIPI (Cooperative Learning KoPicture and Picture) approach about motivation and the results of SAINS students class VIII SMPMuhammadiyah Rambah Rokan Hulu in Academic Year 2014/2015. This study used quasi-experimental. Thesample of study was VIII-1 class experimen and VIII-2 class control. The result of the study showed that themeans persent of learning motivation of quastiionnaire data was 78,56 with high criteria. The ...

  15. Contribution to the study of solid helium-3 by nuclear magnetic resonance; Contribution a l'etude de l'helium trois solide par resonance magnetique nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Landesman, A. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-07-01

    Due to the unusually large zero point motion of helium three atoms in the solid, the overlap of the atomic wave functions is very important. As a consequence, there are exchange interactions, the theoretical calculation and the experimental measurement of which are discussed. Nuclear magnetic resonance is especially well suited for the latter.A detailed theory is given for both exchange narrowing and Zeeman-exchange cross relaxation, which phenomena are used to measure the exchange interaction as a function of molar volume. The alignment temperature is thus known; it goes down when the pressure goes up and is never higher than three milli degrees. An influence of helium four impurities on the exchange interactions between helium three atoms which are neighbours of the substitutional He is shown. (author) [French] Par suite de l'amplitude exceptionnelle des mouvements de point zero dans l'helium trois solide, le recouvrement des fonctions d'onde atomiques est tres important. Il en resulte des interactions d' echange dont on discute l'evaluation theorique et la mise en evidence experimentale. Cette derniere peut se faire par resonance magnetique; on etudie theoriquement les phenomenes de retrecissement par echange et de relaxation Zeeman-echange que l'on met a profit pour determiner les interactions d'echange en fonction du volume molaire. On en deduit que la temperature d'alignement nucleaire diminue quand on comprime le solide et est au plus de 3x10{sup -3} K. L'influence des impuretes d'helium quatre sur les interactions d'echange entre atomes {sup 3}He voisins de {sup 4}He est mise en evidence. (auteur)

  16. Transboundary cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rauber, D.

    2006-01-01

    The operation of nuclear power plants near national borders requires a close bilateral co-operation to cope with accidents having off-site radiological impacts. For example in 1978 such an agreement was signed by the German and Swiss government. The accident at the Chernobyl NPP changed the international co-operation in the framework of international consequence management. International conventions were agreed to insure a timely notification and international assistance in case of an accident with transboundary effects. In order to fulfill these conventions several procedures were introduced. In addition, bilateral agreements were signed also with countries which are not operating nuclear power plants near national borders. Since then no accident took place that would have required any notification. However, following the experience the expectations to these networks have changed considerably and hence sustainable development is required to cope with new challenges such as long term consequences management, new radiological threats, faster international assistance, media and public concerns, and technical evolution of communications systems. (author)

  17. Analytic catalog for the use of the nuclear physicists; Repertoire analytique a l'usage des physiciens nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ballini, R.; Barloutaud, R.; Bernas, R.; Chaminade, R.; Cohen, R.; Conjeaud, M.; Cotton, E.; Faraggi, H.; Grjebine, T.; Laboulaye, H. de; Lehmann, P.; Leveque, A.; Levi, C.; Moreau, J.; Naggiar, V.; Olkowsky, J.; Papineau, L.; Papineau, L.; Prugne, P.; Schuhl, C.; Szteinsznaider, D.; Tzara, C.; Valladas, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay(France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Marty, N.; Renard, G. [College de France, Lab. de Chimie Nucleaire (France)

    1952-07-01

    The problem of the documentation in nuclear physics becomes constantly more complex. Every week brings its share of publications, always more numerous and more varied. To remedy to this problem, we tried, at the Nuclear Physics Services of the CEA, to give to the documentation the character of a collective and systematized work. The present report covers the literature appeared between January 1, 1950 and July 1, 1951. (Volume 1: CEA report number 120; Volume 2: CEA report number 184). (M.B.) [French] Le probleme de la documentation en physique nucleaire devient sans cesse plus complexe. Chaque semaine apporte son lot de publications, toujours plus nombreuses et plus diversifiees. C'est pour essayer de porter remede a cet etat de choses que nous avons essaye, au service de Physique Nucleaire du C.E.A., de donner a la documentation le caractere d'un travail collectif systematise. Le present rapport couvre la litterature parue entre le 1 Janvier 1950 et le 1 Juillet 1951. (Tome 1: Rapport CEA numero 120; Tome 2: Rapport CEA numero 184). (M.B.)

  18. Enjeux de la médiatisation du travail coopératif distribué dans les équipes de projets de conception Stakes of Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design Project Teams Desafíos que presenta la mediatización del trabajo cooperativo distribuido en los equipos de proyectos de diseño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Vacherand-Revel

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Les mutations organisationnelles que connaissent de nombreuses entreprises globalisées encouragent le développement de nouvelles pratiques collectives de travail pour s’affranchir de l’espace et du temps et mettre en synergie des compétences dispersées géographiquement. L’objet de cet article est d’examiner les spécificités du travail coopératif distribué au sein d’équipes qui réalisent des projets de conception d’envergure. Une forte coopération entre les coéquipiers et la gestion de multiples activités coopératives distribuées nécessitent une utilisation massive des technologies de l’information et de la communication pour interagir régulièrement et travailler ensemble dans des espaces virtuels partagés. Avec de telles conditions de travail, les enjeux sont nombreux et les risques pour la santé des coéquipiers ne doivent pas être négligés. Dans cette perspective, nous examinons les risques liés à la fragmentation du travail, à sa dispersion et les différentes tensions et surcharges qui pèsent sur le travailleur intellectuel et peuvent présenter des effets délétères sur la santé.The organizational changes that many global companies are undergoing are fostering the development of new collective work practices freeing workers from the constraints of space and time and marshalling geographically dispersed skills. The object of this article is to examine the specificities of distributed cooperative work within teams that carry out large-scale design projects. Close cooperation between the team members and the management of multiple distributed cooperative activities require a massive use of information and communication technologies so that they can interact regularly and work together in shared virtual spaces. With such working conditions, there are many issues, and the health risks must not be overlooked. From this perspective, we examine the risks of fragmented work, its dispersion, and various

  19. CERN, an adventure in international scientific cooperation

    CERN Document Server

    Bannier, J H

    1977-01-01

    Outlines the history of the Conseil European pour la Recherche Nucleaire (CERN) from its origins in 1951-53 and its establishment on a site on the Swiss-French border near Geneva. Describes the structure of the organisation and discusses the more important policy decisions of the 1960s and 1970s. Concludes by considering future prospects. (0 refs).

  20. Problematics due to tritium in materials in the nuclear field - some examples; Problematiques liees au tritium dans les materiaux dans le domaine nucleaire - quelques illustrations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gastaldi, O. [CEA Cadarache (DEN/DTN/STPA/LPC), 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)

    2007-07-01

    After a presentation of the tritium sources in our environment, is evoked succinctly the different ways to produce it. Then, for each reactor type, are presented the main problematics due to tritium. In this part, the questions of tritium transfer are illustrated for fission reactors: pressurized water reactors, CANDU reactors and for fast neutrons reactors. The case of fusion tokamaks is described more particularly. Several aspects are presented successively: the requirement to produce it in-situ with fitted materials, the definition of a short fuel cycle allowing to recover important quantities of tritium having not react...In a last part, are presented the aspects directly induced by the behaviour of tritium in materials. The first point concerned is the control of the tritium inventory in a fusion tokamak, for safety reasons. Examples are given from experiment feedback on running fusion tokamaks. A projection at the ITER case is proposed. The mechanisms leading to tritium retention according to the materials considered at the present time are analyzed and synthesized. The second important point is the tritium management at the end of the tokamak running. The specific problematics of this management are presented. (O.M.)

  1. Problems bound to the tritium in materials for the nuclear - some illustrations; Problematiques liees au tritium dans les materiaux dans le domaine nucleaire - quelques illustrations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gastaldi, O. [CEA Cadarache (DTN/STPA/LPC), 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)

    2007-07-01

    The tritium control takes more and more importance in the nuclear industry because of the release more and more limited, in the environment. After a presentation on the tritium sources in the environment, the author presents the different ways of its production. Then for each reactor channel, the main problems are presented (fission and fusion). The last part deals with the behavior of the tritium in materials: the tritium inventory control in a fusion system, the tritium management after the reactor exploitation. (A.L.B.)

  2. Regional Integration and Cooperation in West Africa: A ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This books examines the failure of regional integration and cooperation to date in West Africa and explores some of the options for the revitalization of such ... Le Greater Mekong Subregion-Development Analysis Network (GMS-DAN) est un réseau de recherche au service du développement concertée qui réunit les ...

  3. Rural Urban Cooperation on Water Management in the Context of ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rural Urban Cooperation on Water Management in the Context of Climate Change in Burkina Faso. Cities greatly depend on rural areas for agricultural ... Coopération entre milieux ruraux et urbains dans la gestion de l'eau face aux changements climatiques au Burkina Faso. Les villes dépendent fortement des milieux ...

  4. International cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barisich, A.

    1992-01-01

    Europe is certainly the part of the world where the largest number of international arrangements have been established for dealing with international cooperation in cases of major oil spills at sea. Let me list the most important of these multilateral arrangements: Bonn Agreement: covers the North Sea Contracting Parties: riparian states and the EEC Barcelona Convention: (protocol for emergency situations) covers the Mediterranean Sea Contracting Parties: riparian states and the EEC; Helsinki Convention: covers the Baltic Sea Contracting Parties: riparian states and (soon) the EEC; Lisbon Agreement: covers the NE Atlantic Contracting Parties: France, Spain, Portugal, Morocco and the EEC; Community Action Plan: covers the whole community waters; EEC; Members States participate in this plan. It should be underlined that, in addition to these large multilateral agreements a number of bilateral or trilateral arrangements have been set up, such as the Copenhagen Agreement, Denger Plan, Manche Plan, etc. The Commission involvement in these international frameworks is very important: as an example, it is presently chairing the Bonn Agreement Contracting Parties meeting. In addition, being the only contracting party to all these agreements, it is able to play a unique role of coordination and information to avoid duplications and contradictions. Having given this overview, I would now focus on the Community Action Plan

  5. Synthesis and purification of some alkyl phenanthrenes and presentation of their infrared, ultraviolet, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectra; Synthese et purification de quelques alcoylphenanthrenes et presentation ds leurs spectres d'absorption infrarouge, ultraviolette, de resonance magnetique nucleaire et de masse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Persaud, K. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-01-01

    We have carried out the synthesis of: - phenanthrene - its five monomethyl derivatives - three dimethyl derivatives - two trimethyl derivatives. We have then purified these products as well as a certain number of others obtained from various sources. We have been able to obtain in the majority of cases, a purity of 99.5 per cent or over, these figures being obtained by low voltage mass spectrometry. Finally we have recorded the infrared, ultraviolet, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectra of these products for which an atlas has been drawn up. (author) [French] Nous avons realise la synthese: - du phenanthrene - de ses cinq derives monomethyles - de trois de ses derives dimethyles - de deux de ses derives trimethyles. Nous avons ensuite purifie ces produits ainsi qu'un certain nombre d'autres que nous avons obtenus de sources differentes. Nous avons pu atteindre, dans la plupart des cas, une purete egale ou superieure a 99,5 pour cent, chiffres determines par la spectrometrie de masse a basse tension. Enfin, nous avons enregistre les spectres infrarouges, ultraviolets, de resonance magnetique nucleaire et de masse de ces produits dont nous avons fait un atlas. (auteur)

  6. Reactivity measurements on a sub-critical nuclear reactor using statistical fluctuations of the neutron flux; Mesure de la reactivite d'un reacteur nucleaire en regime sous-critique a partir des fluctuations statistiques du flux neutronique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feghahati, E. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-07-01

    It is intended in this report to show that it is possible to design an apparatus for measuring the reactivity of a sub-critical nuclear reactor, using a spectral analysis of the variations in the output signal of a counter. The method proposed consists in the measurement of the spectral density in two frequency bands, and in the determination of the 'uncorrelated' components so as to obtain the 'correlated' components, the ratio of these two correlated components giving the reactivity if {beta}/l is known. It is concluded that this method could be applied with the help of a simple apparatus having a measurement range of up to -5000 pcm. Since the efficiency of the detector cannot be increased above a certain value, the accuracy depends largely on the time of measurement: it is shown that it is possible to measure -3000 pcm with an accuracy of {+-} 5 per cent for a time of measurement of 600 seconds. (author) [French] On propose, dans ce travail, de montrer qu'il est possible de realiser un appareil de mesure de la reactivite d'un reacteur nucleaire en regime sous-critique, a partir de l'analyse spectrale des fluctuations du signal de sortie d'un compteur. La methode proposee consiste a mesurer la densite spectrale dans deux bandes de frequences, et a determiner les composantes 'non correlees' de facon a obtenir les composantes 'correlees', le rapport de ces deux composantes correlees permet d'obtenir la reactivite lorsque l'on connait {beta}/l.On en conclut que cette methode peut conduire a la realisation d'un appareil simple, dont la gamme de mesure s'etend jusqu'a - 5 000 pcm. Puisque l'efficacite du detecteur ne peut etre augmentee au-dela d'une certaine valeur, la precision depend, pour une grande part, du temps de mesure: on montre que l'on peut mesurer -3000 pcm avec une precision de {+-} 5 pour cent pour une duree de la mesure de 600 secondes. (auteur)

  7. Study, with the help of nuclear indicators (HTO, Urea {sup 14}C and {sup 24}Na), of the renewal of water, urea and sodium in different parts of the rat kidney in aqueous diuresis and of the gerbil kidney in osmotic diuresis or in oliguria; Etude, a l'aide d'indicateurs nucleaires (HTO, UREE {sup 14}C et {sup 24}Na), du renouvellement de l'eau, de l'uree et du sodium dans les differentes regions du rein de rat en diurese aqueuse et de merion en diurese osmotique ou en oligurie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lechene, C.P. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-06-01

    In the kidney of the gerbil in oliguria there exists a cortico-papillary gradient in the concentration of the sodium and of the urea; this gradient disappears in the gerbil kidney in osmotic diuresis or in the rat kidney in aqueous diuresis; in these three states of diuresis there is no significant difference in the potassium concentration between the surface and interior regions of the kidneys. Kinetic studies using tritiated water, urea {sup 14}C and {sup 24}Na show that water and urea in the interior regions of the kidney are only renewed very slowly (1 h) whereas the sodium is rapidly changed (1 mn). These results can be explained using WIRZ's theory concerning the mechanism of the counter-current concentration of urine. Furthermore, the evolution of the specific radioactivity of urea {sup 14}C is favorable for a cortical synthesis of urea. (author) [French] II existe dans le rein de Merions en oligurie un gradient cortico papillaire de la concentration du sodium et de l'uree; ce gradient est aboli dans le rein de Merions en diurese osmotique ou de rats en diurese aqueuse; dans ces 3 etats de diurese il n'y a pas de difference significative de la concentration du potassium entre les regions superficielles et profondes des reins. Des etudes cinetiques a l'aide d'eau tritiee, d'uree {sup 14}C et de {sup 24}Na montrent que l'eau et l'uree des regions profondes des reins ne sont renouveles que tres lentement (1 h), alors que le sodium est tres vite renouvele (1 mn). Ces resultats s'expliquent par la theorie de WIRZ sur le mecanisme de la concentration de l'urine par contre-courant. En outre, l'evolution renale de la radioactivite specifique de l'uree {sup 14}C est en faveur d'une synthese corticale de l'uree. (auteur)

  8. TANGKI SEPTIK DAN MASALAHNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Soewasti Soesanto

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Manusia yang sehat tiap hari membuang tinja yang harus ditampung dan/atau diolah secara saniter. Meskipun Indonesia telah 55 tahun merdeka dan telah memiliki banyak ahli sanitasi/teknik penyehatan baik lulusan dalam maupun luar negeri, namun cara pengelolaan tinja yang ada kebanyakan masih belum memenuhi syarat kesehatan. Tangki septik dianggap sebagai cara penampungan tinja yang terbaik, padahal sebenarnya masih terjadi pencemaran tanah dan air melalui saluran perembesan.Tangki septik (septic tank merupakan salah satu macam sarana pengolahan tinja manusia yang pada garis besarnya terdiri dari sebuah tangki pembusukan lumpur (sludge digester dan saluran perembesan efluen. Tangki pembusukan harus memenuhi syarat mengenai perbandingan panjang dan lebar serta syarat kedalaman maksimum dan minimum, agar pembusukan lumpur dari tinja manusia dapat berjalan sempurna malahan tidak berbau busuk lagi.

  9. Contribution to the experimental survey of the nuclear isomerism. Application of the deferred coincidences method to research and to the survey of metastable states of short period; Contribution a l'etude experimentale de l'isomerie nucleaire. Application de la methode des coincidences differees a la recherche et a l'etude d'etats metastables de periode courte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ballini, R. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1953-06-15

    transitions qu'ils subissent, lorsqu'elles donnent naissance a des especes nucleaires mieux connues: parmi ces transitions figurent les transitions isomeriques. Le but de ce travail est l'etude des transitions isomeriques a partir d'etats metastables de periode courte, comprise dans le domaine de la microseconde a quelques millisecondes. La methode des coincidences differees a ete mise au point et appliquee dans ce but en utilisant les avantages des selecteurs a plusieurs canaux, sous deux aspects principaux ou l'appareil a plusieurs canaux etait soit un selecteur de temps, soit un selecteur d'amplitudes. Cette methode a servi a etudier le fonctionnement de compteurs Geiger-Muller et a mesurer avec precision la periode de {sup 181}Ta{sup *} dans des conditions experimentales variees. La valeur adoptee est 17,2 {+-} 0,2 {mu}s. Ce travail a aussi trouve une application pratique immediate a la mise en evidence de quantites tres faibles de hafnium dans le zirconium, dont il constitue une impurete tenace et difficile a analyser par les moyens ordinaires. (M.B.)

  10. Economic consequences of the Swiss 'Sortir du nucleaire' and 'Moratoire-plus' popular initiatives - Analysis using a balanced model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mueller, A.; Wickart, M.; Van Nieuwkoop, R.

    2001-01-01

    This article is a short version of the ENET number 210359. This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the results of a study made to assess the economic consequences of two models for the opting out of nuclear energy in Switzerland, as proposed in two popular initiatives. The 'Sortir du nucleaire' (electricity without atomic power) initiative calls for the shutting down of the existing nuclear power stations and the 'Moratoire-plus' initiative calls for a stop on the building of new atomic power stations for 10 years. The method used for assessing the costs and benefits resulting if the initiatives were accepted in a public vote is described. Basic assumptions made on further factors concerning the electricity and energy markets are discussed. Results of analyses made for various scenarios with respect to CO 2 emissions are presented and include discussions on risk costs, effects on employment and welfare aspects

  11. Cooperatives, Principles and Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaars, Marvin A.

    A teaching aid and information source on activities, principles, and practices of cooperatives is presented. The following topics are included: (1) Basic Interests of People, (2) Legal Organization of Business in the United States, (3) What Is a Cooperative? (4) Procedure for Organizing Cooperatives, (5) How Cooperatives Are Run and Managed, (6)…

  12. Dosage of boron traces in graphite, uranium and beryllium oxide; Dosage de traces de bore dans le graphite, l'uranium et l'oxyde de beryllium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coursier, J. [Ecole Nationale Superieure de Physique et Chimie Industrielles, 75 - Paris (France); Hure, J.; Platzer, R. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1955-07-01

    The problem of the dosage of the boron in the materials serving to the construction of nuclear reactors arises of the following way: to determine to about 0,1 ppm close to the quantities of boron of the order of tenth ppm. We have chosen the colorimetric analysis with curcumin as method of dosage. To reach the indicated contents, it is necessary to do a previous separation of the boron and the materials of basis, either by extraction of tetraphenylarsonium fluoborate in the case of the boron dosage in uranium and the beryllium oxide, either by the use of a cations exchanger resin of in the case of graphite. (M.B.) [French] Le probleme du dosage du bore dans les materiaux servant a la construction de reacteurs nucleaires se pose de la facon suivante: determiner a environ 0,1 ppm pres des quantites de bore de l'ordre de quelques dixiemes de ppm. Nous avons choisit la colorimetrie a la curcumine comme methode de dosage. Pour atteindre les teneurs indiquees, il est necessaire d'effectuer une separation prealable du bore et des materiaux de base, soit par extraction du fluoborate de tetraphenylarsonium dans le cas du dosage de bore dans l'uranium et l'oxyde de beryllium, soit par l'utilisation d'une resine echangeuse de cations dans le cas du graphite. (M.B.)

  13. Sosiologi Ruang dan Tempat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Urry

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Diterjemahkan dari John Urry “The Sociology of Space and Place”, dalam Blau (editor The Blackwell Companion to Sociology, Malden: Blackwell, 2004, hlm. 3-15. Artikel ini membahas bahwa ruang (dan tempat perlu menjadi pusat perhatian sosiologi. Artikel ini merangkum beberapa tulisan “klasik” tentang ruang yang dikembangkan dalam konteks kolonisasi geografi atas ruang. Artikel ini juga menunjukkan apa yang mengubah pandangan itu pada akhir 1970an dan kembalinya ruang dalam teori sosiologi dan ilmu sosial secara lebih umum. Pada bagian analisis akhir dihadirkan perkembangan terkini tentang sebuah proyek penelitian sosiologi tentang ruang yang mengikutsertakan pentingnya perbedaan mobilitas spasial antara, dalam, dan melampaui ruang-ruang tersebut.

  14. DEPRESI DAN GANGGUAN TIDUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wayan Eko Radityo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Depresi merupakan gangguan mood berupa kesedihan yang intens, berlangsung dalamwaktu lama, dan mengganggu kehidupan normal yang insidennya semakin meningkatseiring dengan meningkatnya tekanan hidup. Tahun 2020, depresi diperkirakanmenempati urutan kedua penyakit di dunia. Gejala-gejala depresi terdiri dari gangguanemosi, gangguan kognitif, keluhan somatik, gangguan psikomotor, dan gangguanvegetatif. Salah satu gejala depresi yang muncul adalah gangguan tidur yang bisaberupa insomnia, bangun secara tiba-tiba, dan hipersomnia. Hal ini disebabkan olehgangguan neurotransmiter dan regulasi hormon. Selain sebagai gejala depresi, gangguantidur juga bisa merupakan penyebab depresi. Beberapa penelitian memberikanhubungan gangguan tidur dapat meningkatkan risiko depresi di kemudian hari.

  15. Sorting and sustaining cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vikander, Nick

    2013-01-01

    can identify and then work with one another. Changes to parameters that would seem to make cooperation more attractive, such as an increase in the discount factor or the fraction of conditional cooperators, can reduce equilibrium cooperation if they decrease a selfish player's incentive to sort.......This paper looks at cooperation in teams where some people are selfish and others are conditional cooperators, and where lay-offs will occur at a fixed future date. I show that the best way to sustain cooperation prior to the lay-offs is often in a sorting equilibrium, where conditional cooperators...

  16. Cooperative interval games

    OpenAIRE

    Bok, Jan

    2014-01-01

    In this thesis, we study cooperative interval games, a generalized model of cooperative games in which worth of every coalition corresponds with a closed interval representing all possible outcomes of their cooperation. We give a brief introduction into classical cooperative games, interval analysis and finally introduction to cooperative interval games with focus on selections, that is on all possible outcomes of interval game with no additional uncertainty. We introduce new selection-based ...

  17. Perancangan Sistem Informasi Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah pada Dinas Koperasi Kota Pekanbaru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mardainis Mardainis

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakSesuai dengan tugas dan fungsinya dinas koperasi perlu mendata seluruh bentuk-bentuk usaha yang muncul dengan melakukan pendataan  terhadap usaha mikro, kecil dan menengah tadi. Tugas dinas koperasi memberikan bimbingan, pelatihan dan arahan serta pengawasan kepada setiap usaha mikro, kecil dan menengah. Meningkatnya usaha mikro, kecil dan menengah di Pekanbaru, maka secara langsung akan mempengaruhi peningkatan ekonomi kota Pekanbaru. Begitu banyaknya usaha mikro, kecil dan menengah ini yang perlu didata muncul kesulitan bagi dinas koperasi untuk membuat laporan yang mungkin dibutuhkan setiap saat. Seperti laporan perjenis usaha, laporan usaha mikro, kecil dan menengah perkecamatan dan laporan usaha mikro, kecil dan menengah perkluster. Kesulitan muncul karena usaha mikro, kecil dan menengah selalu bertambah sementara laporan baru diselesaikan, sehingga laporan yang dibuat tidak update lagi. Untuk mengatasi hal tersebut dirasa perlu sistem komputer dan database untuk membantu pendataannya. Hasil penelitian menghasilkan program sistem informasi usaha mikro kecil dan menengah pada dinas koperasi kota Pekanbaru. Sistem ini mudah untuk dioperasikan dan dapat memberikan informasi data usaha mikro, kecil dan menengah perjenis usaha, perdaerah serta perkelompok usaha. Kata kunci: Mikro, Sistem AbstractIn accordance with the duties and functions of cooperative agencies need to record the entire business forms that appear to do a survey on micro, small and medium earlier. Duty service cooperatives providing guidance, training and guidance and supervision to any micro, small and medium enterprises. Increased micro, small and medium enterprises in Pekanbaru, it will directly affect the economic improvement of the city of Pekanbaru. So many micro, small and medium enterprises that need to be recorded this appears difficult for the department of cooperatives to create reports that may be required at any time. As with any type of business reports

  18. Keragaman dan Peran Biologi Arthrophoda pada Sawah Irigasi dan Tegalan

    OpenAIRE

    Suwarno, Suwarno

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keragaman arthropoda dan peran biologinya pada tanah sawah irigasi dan tegalan. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di daerah persawahan di daerah Sragen pada bulan Maret – Mei 2016. Metode Penelitian dengan menggunakan pitfall trap atau perangkap jebakan yang diletakkan area persawahan dan tegalan. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan menggunakan purposive sampling. Sampel arthropoda yang diperoleh diidentifikasi dan dianalisis di Laboratorium pendidikan Biologi. ...

  19. ANALISIS PSAK NO. 27 TENTANG AKUNTANSI PERKOPERASIAN DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP KESEHATAN USAHA PADA KPRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Khafid

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis kepatuhan penerapan PSAK 27 (Cooperative Accounting, dan untuk menganalisa dampak  kepatuhan penerapan PSAK 27 (Cooperative Accounting  pada pengoperasian kinerja KPRI di kota Semarang. Populasinya adalah 62 KPRI di kota Semarang, dan sempel yang digunakan adalah 29 KPRI. Metode pengumpulan datanya adalah dokumentasi dan kuesioner. Metode analisis data adalah analisis deskriptif  dan statistik inferensial. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa KPRI di kotamadya Semarang dikategorikan cukup dan terbukti bahwa hipotesis menyatakan bahwa tingkat kepatuhan penerapan PSAK 27 berpengaruh terhadap pertumbuhan usaha. Abstract The purposes of this research are to analyze the implementation compliance of PSAK 27 (Cooperative Accounting, and to analyze the effects of implementation compliance of PSAK 27 (Cooperative Accounting on KPRI performance  in Semarang Municipality. The population are 62 KPRIs in Semarang.However, there are only twenty nine KPRIs become the samples. The methods for collecting the data are documentation and questionairre. Then, for analyzing the data, it requires descriptive analysis and inferential analysis. The results of study shows that KPRIs in Semarang Municipality are categorized as fair and hypothesis states that the level of implementation compliance of PSAK 27 is influencial to the business has successfully proven.Keywords:  cooperative accounting; compliance

  20. ISLAMIC VALUE-DRIVEN COOPERATION IN SKILLS ACQUISITION AND MOBILITY FOR EMPOWERING MARGINAL SOCIETY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abu Saim Mohammad Shahabuddin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Islam exhorts for cooperation in righteous and God conscious acts. This exhortation has individual and institutional implications for efforts geared towards promoting the welfare of less privileged marginal segment of society. Conceiving an institutional form of cooperation, this paper proposes and explains a program which will target at empowering this segment. The program is for developing non-professional skills which have to be founded on and inspired by the Islamic principles of cooperation and self-reliance. As non-professional skills are mostly learned informally and on-the-job, business houses will be the cooperator who will provide platforms for training. Members of a marginal segment of society will be the beneficiaries who will receive training for acquiring job skills and mobility towards achieving their self-reliance. Government organ will be a facilitating party that shall provide support for the collaborative venture to occur and sustain. Apart from Islamic principles of cooperation and self-reliance, this paper will draw upon the theory of social learning, theory of conforming to group norms and doctrine of market supervision (al-Hisbah in Islamic civilization to expound the role of the triad—the cooperator, the beneficiaries, and the facilitator—in achieving the major outcomes of the program. =========================================== Islam mendorong kerjasama dalam kebaikan dan bertindak semata-mata karena Allah. Dorongan ini memiliki implikasi individual dan institusional dalam upaya mensejahterakan masyarakat marjinal yang kurang beruntung. Dalam suatu bentuk upaya kerjasama secara institusional, artikel ini menawarkan dan menjelaskan suatu program yang akan menargetkan dalam memberdayakan segmen ini. Program ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan keterampilan non-professional yang dibentuk dan didorong oleh prinsip-prinsip Islam dalam kerjasama dan kemandirian. Keterampilan non-professional sebagian besar dipelajari secara

  1. Working in Cooperatives and Social Economy: Effects on Job Satisfaction and the Meaning of Work Travailler en coopérative et dans l’économie sociale, effets sur la satisfaction et le sens du travail Trabajar en cooperativa y en la economía social, efectos sobre la satisfacción y el sentido del trabajo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davy Castel

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the impact of social economics on job satisfaction. According to the hypothesis, the adoption of social economics’ goals and modes of work organization is a source of job satisfaction: reduction in the separation between conception and execution, increase in work’s interest and perceived usefulness, and better cohesion and coordination among workers. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the workers in two consulting firms in sustainable development in France, one a cooperative and the other a private company. The results of the content analysis corroborate the hypothesis. The fact that social economy’s principles have positive impacts on job satisfaction in both companies also shows that social economy’s positive influence on well-being at work depends less on formal work organization than on the meaning given to work.Nous étudions les effets de l’économie sociale sur la satisfaction au travail. Selon l’hypothèse, l’adoption des finalités et des modes d’organisation du travail de l’économie sociale est source de satisfaction au travail : réduction de la séparation entre conception et exécution, augmentation de l’intérêt et de l’utilité perçue du travail, meilleure cohésion et coordination entre les travailleurs. Les résultats de l’analyse de contenu des entretiens semi-directifs menés auprès des salariés de deux entreprises exerçant dans le secteur du conseil en développement durable en France, l’une société coopérative (SCOP et l’autre entreprise privée, confirment cette hypothèse. Le fait que les principes d’économie sociale ont des conséquences positives sur la satisfaction au travail dans les deux entreprises montre par ailleurs que l’influence positive de l’économie sociale sur le bien-être au travail dépend moins des modes de structuration formels que du sens donné au travail.Este artículo estudia los efectos de la economía social sobre la

  2. Cooperative Learning i læreruddannelsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiberg, Tobias; Palmvang, Kirsten

    På Læreruddannelsen Blaagaard/KDAS blev der i undervisningsåret 2009/2010 fokuseret på udviklingsarbejde under overskrifterne ’Uddannelsesudviklere’ og ’Varierede undervisningsformer’. Projektet ’Cooperative Learning i læreruddannelsen’ er stablet på benene inden for temaet ’Varierede...... undervisningsformer’ og har til hensigt at undersøge, eksperimentere og indsamle erfaringer med undervisningsmetoderne fra ’Cooperative Learning’ sådan som de fremgår af bogen af samme navn (Kagan & Stenlev, 2006). I denne sammenhæng bygger anvendelsen af CL således specifikt på Spencer Kagans strukturelle tilgang...

  3. Cooperative Tagging Center (CTC)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Cooperative Tagging Center (CTC) began as the Cooperative Game Fish Tagging Program (GTP) at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (WHOI) in 1954. The GTP was...

  4. Organizational cooperation in teleradiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aas, I H Monrad

    2005-01-01

    Teleradiology requires cooperation between participating parties, but it cannot be assumed that such cooperation will work well. A survey was carried out of 12 radiology departments in Norway which used picture archiving and communication systems in connection with teleradiology. Qualitative interviews were carried out with 26 out of 29 resource persons (response rate 90%). The respondents identified 17 issues of importance for cooperation in teleradiology. None of the problems with cooperation seem large enough to prevent effective teleradiology cooperation in future. For organizations planning teleradiology of a larger volume, the cooperation issue is important. It is recommended that managers lead change processes in their organizations where the different issues of importance to cooperation are treated and the right measures are taken to realize the full potential of teleradiology. For telemedicine, it is important that future research includes investigations on cooperation for the different applications.

  5. What is a cooperative?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimberly Zeuli

    2006-01-01

    Groups of individuals throughout time have worked together in pursuit of common goals. The earliest forms of hunting and agriculture required a great deal of cooperation among humans. Although the word "cooperative" can be applied to many different types of group activities, in this publication it refers to a formal business model. Cooperative businesses are...

  6. Recycling the spent nuclear fuel actinides: a major contribution to the sustainability of the 4. generation nuclear energy systems; Le recyclage des actinides presents dans les combustibles nucleaires uses: une contribution significative pour un nucleaire du 4. generation durable

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poinssot, Ch.; Warin, D. [CEA Valrho (DEN/MAR/DRCP/DIR), 30 - Marcoule (France)

    2009-08-15

    In line with the emerging objective of sustainable development, renaissance of nuclear energy requires optimizing current nuclear fuel cycles to recycle all the potentially energetic elements which are still present within the spent nuclear fuel after their first use in reactor. That concerns basically the actinides, first of all uranium and plutonium, but also the minor actinides, which represent the most significant part of the long term radiotoxicity of the nuclear waste to be disposed off deep underground. Current R and D aims to develop chemical processes based on liquid/liquid extraction using organic molecules presenting specific affinity for actinides. This paper aims to give an overview of the recent French results and the current developments which are performed within the framework of the French Waste Management Act from 28 June 2006. (authors)

  7. Designing for cooperation - cooperating in design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kyng, Morten

    1991-01-01

    This article will discuss how to design computer applications that enhance the quality of work and products, and will relate the discussion to current themes in the field of Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW). Cooperation is a key element of computer use and work practice, yet here...... a specific "CSCW approach is not taken." Instead the focus is cooperation as an important aspect of work that should be integrated into most computer support efforts in order to develop successful computer support, however, other aspects such as power, conflict and control must also be considered....

  8. Cooperative strategies European perspectives

    CERN Document Server

    Killing, J Peter

    1997-01-01

    Cooperative Strategies: European Perspectives is one of three geographically targeted volumes in which the contributors present the most current research on topics such as advances in theories of cooperative strategies, the formation of cooperative alliances, the dynamics of partner relationships, and the role of information and knowledge in cooperative alliances. Blending conceptual insights with empirical analyses, the contributors highlight commonalities and differences across national, cultural, and trade zones. The chapters in this volume are anchored in a wide set of theoretical approaches, conceptual frameworks, and models, illustrating how rich the area of cooperative strategies is for scholarly inquiry.

  9. Conformity of nuclear construction codes with the requirements of the French order dated December 12, 2005 related to nuclear pressure equipment; Conformite des codes de construction nucleaires avec les exigences de l'arrete du 12 decembre 2005 relatif aux equipements sous pression nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grandemange, J.M.; Renaut, P. [Areva-NP, Tour AREVA, 92084 - Paris La Defense cedex, (France); Paris, D. [EDF-Ceidre 2 rue Ampere - 93206 SAINT-DENIS Cedex (France); Faidy, C. [EDF-Septen 12/14, Avenue Dutrievoz 69628 Villeurbanne Cedex (France)

    2007-07-01

    The French Decree dated December 13, 1999 transposing the Pressure Equipment Directive (PED) has replaced the fundamental texts on which up to now the regulation for pressure equipment important for the safety of nuclear reactors was also founded. By a Ministerial Order - called 'ESPN Order' - dated December 12, 2005, a new regulation has been issued for nuclear pressure equipment. This text makes reference to the Decree transposing the PED while completing these provisions by supplementary requirements having the objective to provide a very high level of integrity guarantee for equipments which are the most important for safety, and to cover the prevention of radioactive release risks. These regulatory evolutions are presented in the Plenary Session of the ESOPE conference. Referencing the Decree and thus the PED, and including specific provisions, the Ministerial Order implies that the Manufacturers update their documents and, if necessary, their prescriptions in the following two domains: - that of the conformity of Codes and Standards used, generally inspired from the ASME Code Section III, with the essential safety requirements of the PED, - that of the respect of the complementary provisions brought by the ESPN Order. This paper presents the more significant conclusions of this work and the resulting amendments of the RCC-M Code, introduced by the 2007 addendum to that Code. The analysis will lead to specify the same type of complementary requirements to Code when a manufacturer wishes to use the German KTA Rules or the ASME Code Section III. (authors) [French] Le decret du 13 decembre 1999 transposant la directive europeenne (DESP) relative aux equipements sous pression a remplace les textes fondamentaux sur lesquels se fondait egalement jusque la la reglementation des appareils a pression importants pour la surete des reacteurs nucleaires. Par arrete - dit 'arrete ESPN' - du 12 decembre 2005, une nouvelle reglementation a ete dictee. Ce

  10. To cooperate or not to cooperate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wessels, Josepha Ivanka

    To Cooperate or not to Cooperate...? discusses results of a research project to study the rehabilitation of 1500-year old water tunnels, so called "qanats", in Syria. Communities all over the world are using traditional technologies to extract drinkingwater, irrigate their lands and feed...... their livestock. But these often sustainable and ancient ways to make use of groundwater are in rapid decline worldwide. A research project started in 1999 to study the rehabilitation of 1500-year old water tunnels called "qanats"in Syria. To Cooperate or not to Cooperate...? discusses results and outcomes...... divers theoretical and conceptual frameworks to study collective action with a human ecosystem approach and develop one with a stronger anthropological reference....

  11. Perawatan dan Pelestarian Bahan Pustaka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Ibrahim

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Perawatan bahan pustaka sangat diperlukan untuk menunjang fungsi perpustakaan dalam melaksanakan jasa perpustakaan dengan mengusahakan agar kondisi bahan pustaka terpelihara sebaik mungkin dan siap pakai. Pada umumnya media yang digunakan pada bahan pustaka adalah kertas, baik dalam bentuk buku, surat kabar, naskah, peta, gambar, dokumen dan bahan cetakan lainnya, selain itu ada juga perpustakaan yang memiliki koleksi foto dan negatif foto. Dengan adanya perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi, bagi perpustakaan yang telah maju sudah melengkapi koleksinya dengan bentuk mikro (mikrofilm dan mikrofish, rekaman suara, film, penyimpan data elektronik, CD-ROM dan lain-lain. Semua koleksi tersebut pasti akan mengalami kerusakan.

  12. Keefektifan Model Kooperatif Tipe Make A Match dan Model CPS Terhadap Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah dan Motivasi Belajar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Fitri Amalia

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui keefektifan model kooperatif tipe Make a Match dan model CPS terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah dan motivasi belajar sis-wa kelas X pada materi persamaan dan fungsi kuadrat. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X SMA N 1 Subah tahun ajaran 2013/2014. Sampel dalam penelitian ini diam-bil dengan teknik random sampling, yaitu teknik pengambilan sampel dengan acak. Kelas X8 terpilih sebagai kelas eksperimen I dengan penerapan model kooperatif tipe Make a Match dan kelas X7 terpilih sebagai kelas eksperimen II dengan penerapan model CPS. Da-ta hasil penelitian diperoleh dengan tes dan pemberian angket untuk kemudian dianalisis menggunakan uji proporsi dan uji t. Hasil penelitian adalah (1 implementasi model koope-ratif tipe Make a Match efektif terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah; (2 implementasi model CPS efektif terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah; (3 implementasi model koo-peratif tipe Make a Match lebih baik daripada model CPS terhadap kemampuan pecahan masalah; (4 implementasi model CPS lebih baik daripada model kooperatif tipe Make a Match terhadap motivasi belajar.Kata Kunci:       Make A Match; CPS; Pemecahan Masalah; Motivasi  AbstractThe purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cooperative models Make a Match and CPS to problem-solving ability and motivation of students of class X in the equation of matter and quadratic function. The population of this study was the tenth grade students of state senior high school 1 Subah academic year 2013/2014. The samples in this study were taken by random sampling technique, that is sampling techniques with random. Class X8 was selected as the experimental class I with the application of cooperative model make a Match and class X7 was selected as the experimental class II with the application of the CPS. The data were obtained with the administration of a questionnaire to test and then analyzed using the

  13. THE ADAPTATION AND COOPERATION OF MINORITY MUSLIMS IN RUSSIAN HISTORY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fachrizal A. Halim

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The present essay examines the common approach in reading the relationship between Muslims and Russian society as if they were bound by perpetual conflict. Following this angle, historians argue that the Russians underwent long term conflict with Muslims and claim that the Russians have suffered more than any other people in facing the hostile world of Islam. Some also argue that Muslims were completely subdued by the Russians due to Islam’s incompatibility with the secular and atheist Soviet regime.  A careful survey of literature on the history of Muslims in Russia, however, does not always lead to the conclusion that the two sides were in continuous conflict. In fact, aside from conflict and subjugation, both Russians and the Muslims enjoyed a considerable level of peace and shared a similar attitude of flexibility in mutual cooperation.  Given the extent of flexibility of Muslims in their encounter with the Russians throughout the Czar and the Soviet regimes, I argue that contemporary scholars have scaled down the dynamic of both Russian and Muslims intellectual articulations in relation to modern politics as well as to the internal relationship between the two sides, and that the relationship between them can be written as other than perpetual conflict.[Artikel ini mengulas hubungan Islam dan Rusia yang kerap dijelaskan dalam konteks relasi saling bertentangan. Dari cara pandang demikian, ahli sejarah kerap berpendapat bahwa konflik antara keduanya sudah terjadi lama dan orang Rusia adalah korban paling parah yang diakibatkan kebrutalan Islam. Semantara itu, ahli sejarah lainnya berpendapat bahwa orang Islam jatuh ke tangan kekuasaan Rusia karena Islam tidak mengakui rejim sekuler dan ateis Soviet. Jika literatur mengenai sejarah Islam di Rusia, maka relasi konfliktual antara keduanya tidak sepenuhnya benar. Faktanya, terlepas dari konflik dan penaklukan, baik orang Rusia dan umat Islam dapat hidup secara damai dan fleksibel dalam

  14. Kontaminasi Telur Cacing pada Sayur dan Upaya Pencegahannya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hebert Adrianto

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Infeksi cacing merupakan permasalahan yang banyak ditemukan di negara berkembang dan belum tuntas diselesaikan. Sayur lalapan dapat menjadi media penularan telur cacing ke manusia. Tujuan tulisan ini adalah mengidentifikasi jenis telur cacing yang ditemukan pada sayuran dan upaya pencegahan menurut siklus hidup cacing tersebut. Tulisan ini mengkaji 4 jurnal penelitian Indonesia, 22 jurnal penelitian internasional, website WHO, dan buku teks yang relevan dengan topik kajian. Hasil kajian menunjukkan jenis telur cacing yang ditemukan pada sayuran tidak hanya Nematoda Soil Transmitted Helminth (STH seperti Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, Necator americanus, Ancylostoma duodenale, dan Strongyloides stercoralis, tetapi juga Nematoda lainnya (Trichostrongylus, Toxocara, Trichocephal, dan Enterobius vermicularis, kelompok cacing Cestoda (Taenia spp., Hymenolepis nana, dan H. diminuta, kelompok Trematoda (Heterophyes heterophyes, Clonorchis sinensis, Fasciola, dan Dicrocoelium dendriticum. Setiap spesies cacing memiliki siklus hidup dan hospes perantara yang berbeda. Upaya pencegahan untuk menghindari risiko infeksi memerlukan kerja sama lintas program, lintas sektor, dan masyarakat dengan memperhatikan siklus hidup cacing. Kata kunci: sayur, telur cacing, pencegahan, kerjasama ABSTRACTHelminth infections are the most common infections in developing countries and still need to be eradicated. Fresh vegetables can be the source for transmission of helminth egg to humans. The aims of this paper are to identify the types of helminth egg which found in vegetables and prevention efforts according to the helminth life cycle. A literature review was arranged by review of 4 articles Indonesian research journal, 22 articles non Indonesia research journal, WHO website, and textbooks relevant to the study topic. The paper describes list of helminth eggs in vegetables, environmental, behaviors, and host-related helminth analyzes in vegetables

  15. Public debate about the EPR nuclear power plant at Flamanville; Debat public sur la centrale nucleaire EPR a Flamanville

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    The project of building of he EPR reactor at Flamanville (Manche, France) has been submitted to the public debate. This document includes a presentation of the project and of the rules of the public debate, a synthesis of the file made by the prime contractor (EDF), a synthesis of the collective book of national actors concerned by the project (a group of associations for environment protection, Areva company, the ministries of economy and ecology, Global Chance, association of pro-nuclear ecologists (AEPN), 'Sortir du Nucleaire' (out-of nuclear) network, group of scientists for the information about nuclear (GSIEN), association for the promotion of the Flamanville site (Proflam), French nuclear energy society (SFEN) in association with 'Sauvons le Climat' (let's save climate), regional collective association 'EPR non merci, ni ailleurs, ni ici' (EPR, no thanks, neither elsewhere, nor here), NegaWatt), and 5 detailed books of actors: ACRO (association for the control of radioactivity in Western France), CFDT and CGT syndicates, the economic and social council of Basse Normandie region, and Proflam. (J.S.)

  16. PREFERENSI PEMBIAYAAN USAHA MIKRO DAN KECIL : PERSPEKTIF GENDER DAN ENTREPRENEURABILITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaira Amalia Fachrudin

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Preferensi pembiayaan dalam perusahaan besar lebih didasarkan pada karakteristik perusahaan tersebut.  Namun dalam usaha mikro dan kecil hal ini mungkin berbeda dan bergantung pada karakteristik pemiliknya seperti gender dan entrepreneurability.   Perbedaan gender mungkin juga membedakan entrepreneurability dan dukungan yang diterima.  Penelitian ini akan menguji apakah terdapat perbedaan preferensi pembiayaan berdasarkan gender, entrepreneurability berdasarkan gender dan berdasarkan preferensi pembiayaan, serta perbedaan dukungan berdasarkan gender.  Sampel dari usaha mikro dan kecil yang bergerak dalam bidang kuliner  diuji dengan uji beda Independent Sample t Test dan kemudian dengan Crosstabulation untuk lebih memperinci hasilnya.  Hasil uji menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan preferensi pembiayaan berdasarkan gender dan berdasarkan  entrepreneurability, namun entrepreneurability berbeda signifikan berdasarkan gender dan juga ditemukan bahwa dukungan moral, tenaga, dan modal yang diterima pemilik usaha pria dan wanita tidak berbeda signifikan (p value lebih kecil dari 0.05.   Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat kesetaraan gender dalam pembiayaan usaha dan entrepreneurability lebih tinggi pada pria.  Pria pemilik usaha juga mendapatkan dukungan tenaga kerja yang lebih banyak daripada wanita.  Dukungan tenaga ini adalah salah satu bentuk  financial bootstrapping karena dapat mengurangi pembiayaan usaha

  17. Futures for energy cooperatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1981-01-01

    A listing of Federal agencies and programs with potential funding for community-scale cooperatives using conservation measures and solar technologies is presented in Section 1. Section 2 presents profiles of existing community energy cooperatives describing their location, history, membership, services, sources of finance and technical assistance. A condensed summary from a recent conference on Energy Cooperatives featuring notes on co-op members' experiences, problems, and opportunities is presented in Section 3. Section 4 lists contacts for additional information. A National Consumer Cooperative Bank Load Application is shown in the appendix.

  18. Cooperative Station History Forms

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Various forms, photographs and correspondence documenting the history of Cooperative station instrumentation, location changes, inspections, and...

  19. International co-operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klinda, J.; Lieskovska, Z.

    1998-01-01

    Within the Union Nations (UN) framework, the Slovak Republic participated in following activities on environment protection co-operation: UN European Economic Commission, UN Industrial Development Organization, UN Development Programme, UN Human Habitat Organization, UN Environment Programme, and UN Commission on Sustainable Development. Relevant activities of the Slovak Republic in these co-operations as well as in European Union and OECD activities are reviewed. International conventions and other forms of multilateral co-operation, bilateral co-operation, and international programmes and projects in which the Slovak Republic took participate are presented

  20. Deep Overbite Dan Cara Penanggulangannya

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Rofiah Nasution

    2008-01-01

    Masalah deep overbite dan seluruh dimensi vertikal harus dipertimbangkan pada setiap perawatan maloklusi. Deep overbite merupakan keadaan pada relasi sentrik di mana terdapat jarak vertikal yang besar antara kedua insisal insisivus rahang atas dan bawah dengan hubungan oklusal posterior yang normal. Berdasarkan etiologi deep overbite dapat dibedakan atas dua bagian besar yaitu deep overbite dentoalveolar (melibatkan gigi dan tulang alveolar) dan deep overbite skeletal (melibatkan gigi, tulang...

  1. INOVASI DAN STRATEGI PENCAPAIANNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liem Ferryanto

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Innovation is the way of life of any institution to profitably sustain its life. It starts with empathy, the ability to reach outside of ourselves and walk in someone else’s shoes, and optimal implementation of the newly advanced technology. Innovation shows its results through continuously hard working efforts known as "10 Thousand Hours Rule". As world uncertainty creates complexity we, instead of predicting, should therefore anticipate the future by creating and managing real options on contingent projects or elements of alternative optimal strategies. This should reflect into our portfolio strategy. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Inovasi merupakan darah bagi suatu institusi untuk bisa hidup berkelanjutan serta menguntungkan. Inovasi berupa penemuan baru secara sistematis yang berawal dari empati, kemampuan untuk melihat dunia melalui mata orang lain, dan pemanfaatan secara optimal kemajuan teknologi yang ada. Inovasi baru menghasilkan buahnya melalui kerja keras, yaitu dengan mengikuti “Aturan 10 Ribu Jam” secara berkesinambungan. Ketidakpastian, interaksi, keterbatasan dan degradasi menciptakan kompleksitas tentang kebutuhan dan solusi di masa depan. Oleh sebab itu daripada meramalkan risiko yang bakal terjadi, kita sebaiknya memasang strategi berupa skenario untuk mereduksi akibat dari risiko masa depan yang tidak kita mengerti. Skenario ini dapat diperoleh lewat penciptaan dan penanganan beberapa pilihan nyata atas semua proyek antisipatif yang ada. Kata kunci: Inovasi, ketidakpastian dan kompleksitas, aturan 10 ribu jam, paradoks strategi, peta jalan, empati, kerja berkesinambungan.

  2. Learning to cooperate for cooperative learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yael Sharan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Learning to learn cooperatively requires several changes for teachers and students: in their perception of learning, in their attitudes towards teaching and learning, and in their social and cognitive behaviors in class. This article presents some of the ways that decades of research and practice have developed to enable teachers and students to acquire and adjust to these changes. In the process of change teachers and students are interconnected and interdependent, and together carry out the steps needed to create an authentic cooperative classroom.

  3. PENGELOLAAN PENELITIAN DAN PENGEMBANGAN KESEHATAN DI THAILAND, MYANMAR, DAN INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anorital, SKM Anorital, SKM

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Dalam bulan Januari 1991 yang lalu, Sdr. Anorital, SKM (Ka. Subbag. Pengumpulan dan PengolahanData Badan Litbangkes dan H. Syafwani Mirin, SKM (Ka. Bag. Keuangan Badan Litbangkes memperoleh fellowship dari WHO untuk melakukan studi perbandingan ke institusi-institusi penelitian kesehatan di Thailand,Myanmar, dan India.Berikut di bawah ini tulisan bersangkutan yang menggambarkan secara garis besar pengelolaan penelitian dan pengembangan kesehatan pada masing-masing negara obyek studi. Semoga informasi yang terkandung pada tulisan ini dapat bermanfaat bagi pengembangan Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan.

  4. Cooperative Wideband OFDM Communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lu, H.

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis, major attention is paid to cooperative diversity as an alternative way to achieve spatial diversity when the multiple antenna structure is not an option. By adopting the cooperative relay nodes to forward information, we can mitigate the fading effects, increase the capacity, lower

  5. Non-cooperative Games

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Damme, E.E.C.

    2000-01-01

    Non-cooperative games are mathematical models of interactive strategic decision situations.In contrast to cooperative models, they build on the assumption that all possibilities for commitment and contract have been incorporated in the rules of the game.This contribution describes the main models

  6. Scandinavian Cooperative Advantage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strand, Robert; Freeman, R. Edward

    2015-01-01

    . We conclude by endorsing the expression “Scandinavian cooperative advantage” in an effort to draw attention to the Scandinavian context and encourage the field of strategic management to shift its focus from achieving a competitive advantage toward achieving a cooperative advantage....

  7. Predisposed to cooperate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cathryn Costello

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Recent research in Toronto and Geneva indicates that asylum seekers and refugees are predisposed to be cooperative with the refugee status determination system and other immigration procedures, and that the design of alternatives to detention can create, foster and support this cooperative predisposition – or can undermine or even demolish it.

  8. Nordic Energy Policy Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Birte Holst

    2016-01-01

    A common interest in developing a reliable, sustainable and affordable energy system was the main driver for the Nordic energy policy cooperation since the creation of the Nordic Council of Ministers. The diversity of the energy systems in the Nordic countries facilitated this cooperation, not le...

  9. Cooperating with machines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crandall, Jacob W; Oudah, Mayada; Tennom; Ishowo-Oloko, Fatimah; Abdallah, Sherief; Bonnefon, Jean-François; Cebrian, Manuel; Shariff, Azim; Goodrich, Michael A; Rahwan, Iyad

    2018-01-16

    Since Alan Turing envisioned artificial intelligence, technical progress has often been measured by the ability to defeat humans in zero-sum encounters (e.g., Chess, Poker, or Go). Less attention has been given to scenarios in which human-machine cooperation is beneficial but non-trivial, such as scenarios in which human and machine preferences are neither fully aligned nor fully in conflict. Cooperation does not require sheer computational power, but instead is facilitated by intuition, cultural norms, emotions, signals, and pre-evolved dispositions. Here, we develop an algorithm that combines a state-of-the-art reinforcement-learning algorithm with mechanisms for signaling. We show that this algorithm can cooperate with people and other algorithms at levels that rival human cooperation in a variety of two-player repeated stochastic games. These results indicate that general human-machine cooperation is achievable using a non-trivial, but ultimately simple, set of algorithmic mechanisms.

  10. Efficiency in Microfinance Cooperatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HARTARSKA, Valentina

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In recognition of cooperatives’ contribution to the socio-economic well-being of their participants, the United Nations has declared 2012 as the International Year of Cooperatives. Microfinance cooperatives make a large part of the microfinance industry. We study efficiency of microfinance cooperatives and provide estimates of the optimal size of such organizations. We employ the classical efficiency analysis consisting of estimating a system of equations and identify the optimal size of microfinance cooperatives in terms of their number of clients (outreach efficiency, as well as dollar value of lending and deposits (sustainability. We find that microfinance cooperatives have increasing returns to scale which means that the vast majority can lower cost if they become larger. We calculate that the optimal size is around $100 million in lending and half of that in deposits. We find less robust estimates in terms of reaching many clients with a range from 40,000 to 180,000 borrowers.

  11. Contribution to the study and use of ionisation chambers for nuclear reactor control (1965); Contribution a l'etude et a l'utilisation des chambres d'ionisation pour le controle des reacteurs nucleaires (1965)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duchene, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1961-02-15

    high-power reactors. (author) [French] Les chambres d'ionisation sont actuellement les detecteurs les mieux adaptes au controle des reacteurs nucleaires par des mesures neutroniques. Nous avons cru bon de rappeler quelques generalites concernant la dynamique des reacteurs, les differents procedes de detection des neutrons, le fonctionnement des chambres d'ionisation et les methodes de mesure utilisees. Notre contribution aux techniques de controle des reacteurs consiste d'une part en une tentative de synthese des facteurs intervenant dans le fonctionnement des chambres d'ionisation, l'etude de ces facteurs, et d'autre part l'elaboration de chambres d'ionisation a fission et a bore permettant de suivre la marche d'un reacteur du demarrage jusqu'a la puissance maximale. Dans le domaine des chambres a fission, nous avons en particulier ameliore les techniques de depot d'oxyde d'uranium sur l'aluminium et realise la mise au point de depots par electrolyse sur d'autres metaux: acier inoxydable, cuivre, molybdene, nickel, tantale, titane, kovar, tungstene et beryllium. Nous avons elabore plusieurs types de chambres a fission servant au demarrage des reacteurs: un type de performances moyennes actuellement utilise dans les piles francaises un type a haute sensibilite un type a haute temperature qui a fonctionne jusqu'a 600 deg. C. En ce qui concerne les chambres a bore, nous avons etudie les perturbations apportees dans les mesures par l'exposition des chambres a d'importants flux de neutrons et a un rayonnement {gamma} intense. Cette exposition produit une modification des proprietes des materiaux constitutifs et la production dans les chambres d'un bruit de fond qui peut gener considerablement les mesures neutroniques. Nous avons montre que la technique de compensation permettait de limiter l'importance de ce bruit de fond et d'augmenter ainsi la plage de fonctionnement des

  12. PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF MODEL INVESTIGASI KELOMPOK, GAYA KOGNITIF, DAN HASIL BELAJAR GEOGRAFI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syaiful Khafid

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Cooperative Learning Model of Group Investigation, Cognitive Styles, and Learning Geography. This study was conducted to compare the achievement in geography between students taught using group investigation-type cooperative learning and those taught conventionally, and between students having field-independent cognitive style and those having field-dependent using an experimental design. This study revealed that students taught using group investigation-type cooperative learning scored significantly higher in geography than those taught conventionally. In addition, students with field-independent cognitive style were found to score significantly higher than the field-dependent. However, the study did not suggest any interactional effect of teaching model and cognitive style on student achievement.   Pembelajaran Kooperatif Model Investigasi Kelompok, Gaya Kognitif, dan Hasil Belajar Geografi. Studi ini dilaksanakan untuk membandingkan hasil belajar geografi antara siswa yang diajar dengan menggunakan pembelajaran kooperatif tipe investigasi grup dan siswa yang  diajar secara konvensional, dan antara siswa bergaya kognitif field-independent dan siswa yang bergaya kognitif field-dependent yang menggunakan desain eksperimental. Studi ini menunjukkan bahwa siswa yang diajar dengan menggunakan pembelajaran kooperatif tipe investigasi grup memperoleh skor signifikan lebih tinggi dalam bidang geografi dari pada siswa yang diajar secara konvensional. Lagi pula, siswa dengan gaya kognitiffield-independent ternyata memperoleh skor signifikan lebih tinggi dari pada siswa dengan gaya kognitiffield-dependent. Akan tetapi, studi tersebut tidak menunjukkan pengaruh interak­sional dari model pembelajaran dan gaya kognitif terhadap hasil belajar siswa.

  13. Kondisi oral higiene dan karies gigi pada vegetarian dan non vegetarian di Maha Vihara Maitreya Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Prawira, Albert

    2011-01-01

    Perbedaan pola makan antara vegetarian dan non vegetarian dapat mempengaruhi kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui kondisi oral higiene dan karies gigi pada umat vegetarian dan non vegetarian di Maha Vihara Maitreya Medan. Jenis penelitian adalah survei deskriptif. Sampel terdiri atas 74 vegetarian dan 65 non vegetarian. Pemeriksaan oral higiene dan karies gigi masing-masing menggunakan indeks OHIS Greene dan Vermillion dan indeks DMFT Klein, se...

  14. PENGARUH JUMLAH ANGGOTA, VOLUME USAHA DAN LIKUIDITAS KOPERASI TERHADAP PERMINTAAN JASA AUDIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nanik Sri Utaminingsih

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Kebutuhan akan laporan keuangan yang bisa dipercaya sangatlah penting untuk mengambil keputusan. Permasalahan dari penelitian ini adalah apakah jumlah anggota, volume bisnis dan likuiditas secara parsial dan simultan mempengaruhi permintaan jasa audit. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah 765 koperasi dan sampelnya berjumlah 89 koperasi. Data yang digunakan adalah laporan keuangan koperasi pada tahun fiscal 2008. Data analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif, multikolnearitas and logistic regression. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah variabel jumlah anggota dan likuiditas mempengaruhi permintaan jasa audit secara parsial sedangkan volume bisnis tidak mempengaruhi permintaan jasa audit. Secara simultan 3 variabel mempengaruhi permintaan jasa audit. The need for reliable financial statements, and can be trusted is necessary in making a decision. The problem in this study is whether which the number of members, the business volume and liquidity partially and simultaneously affect the demand for audit services. The population in this study were 765 cooperatives and the research sample is 89 cooperatives. The dependent variables in this study are demand audit services. While the independent variables are the number of members, the business vo-lume and liquidity of cooperatives. The data used in the form of cooperative financial reports, fiscal year 2008  with using descriptive analysis, multicolonearitas and logistic regression. The conclusion of this research is variable number of members, and liquidity, the partial affect on demand for audit services, while business volume is partially not influence the audit services. Simultaneously, the three indepen-dent variables influenced the demand for audit services.

  15. Globalization and human cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchan, Nancy R.; Grimalda, Gianluca; Wilson, Rick; Brewer, Marilynn; Fatas, Enrique; Foddy, Margaret

    2009-01-01

    Globalization magnifies the problems that affect all people and that require large-scale human cooperation, for example, the overharvesting of natural resources and human-induced global warming. However, what does globalization imply for the cooperation needed to address such global social dilemmas? Two competing hypotheses are offered. One hypothesis is that globalization prompts reactionary movements that reinforce parochial distinctions among people. Large-scale cooperation then focuses on favoring one's own ethnic, racial, or language group. The alternative hypothesis suggests that globalization strengthens cosmopolitan attitudes by weakening the relevance of ethnicity, locality, or nationhood as sources of identification. In essence, globalization, the increasing interconnectedness of people worldwide, broadens the group boundaries within which individuals perceive they belong. We test these hypotheses by measuring globalization at both the country and individual levels and analyzing the relationship between globalization and individual cooperation with distal others in multilevel sequential cooperation experiments in which players can contribute to individual, local, and/or global accounts. Our samples were drawn from the general populations of the United States, Italy, Russia, Argentina, South Africa, and Iran. We find that as country and individual levels of globalization increase, so too does individual cooperation at the global level vis-à-vis the local level. In essence, “globalized” individuals draw broader group boundaries than others, eschewing parochial motivations in favor of cosmopolitan ones. Globalization may thus be fundamental in shaping contemporary large-scale cooperation and may be a positive force toward the provision of global public goods. PMID:19255433

  16. What drives cooperative breeding?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter D Koenig

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Cooperative breeding, in which more than a pair of conspecifics cooperate to raise young at a single nest or brood, is widespread among vertebrates but highly variable in its geographic distribution. Particularly vexing has been identifying the ecological correlates of this phenomenon, which has been suggested to be favored in populations inhabiting both relatively stable, productive environments and in populations living under highly variable and unpredictable conditions. Griesser et al. provide a novel approach to this problem, performing a phylogenetic analysis indicating that family living is an intermediate step between nonsocial and cooperative breeding birds. They then examine the ecological and climatic conditions associated with these different social systems, concluding that cooperative breeding emerges when family living is favored in highly productive environments, followed secondarily by selection for cooperative breeding when environmental conditions deteriorate and within-year variability increases. Combined with recent work addressing the fitness consequences of cooperative breeding, Griesser et al.'s contribution stands to move the field forward by demonstrating that the evolution of complex adaptations such as cooperative breeding may only be understood when each of the steps leading to it are identified and carefully integrated.

  17. DanRIS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    Windows 2000/XP/Vista platform computerprogram til DanRIS indberetning baseret på indskrivning af klienter på CPR, klientsforløb, faseforløb, ASI EuropASI composite score beregninger. Udgave: 2.1.0.5 Udgivelsesdato: 01-01-2009...

  18. Cooperative Mobile Web Browsing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perrucci, GP; Fitzek, FHP; Zhang, Qi

    2009-01-01

    This paper advocates a novel approach for mobile web browsing based on cooperation among wireless devices within close proximity operating in a cellular environment. In the actual state of the art, mobile phones can access the web using different cellular technologies. However, the supported data......-range links can then be used for cooperative mobile web browsing. By implementing the cooperative web browsing on commercial mobile phones, it will be shown that better performance is achieved in terms of increased data rate and therefore reduced access times, resulting in a significantly enhanced web...

  19. Cognitive Load and Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Døssing, Felix Sebastian; Piovesan, Marco; Wengström, Erik Roland

    2017-01-01

    We study the effect of intuitive and reflective processes on cooperation using cognitive load. Compared with time constraint, which has been used in the previous literature, cognitive load is a more direct way to block reflective processes, and thus a more suitable way to study the link between...... intuition and cooperation. Using a repeated public goods game, we study the effect of different levels of cognitive load on contributions. We show that a higher cognitive load increases the initial level of cooperation. In particular, subjects are significantly less likely to fully free ride under high...... cognitive load....

  20. MODAL MANUSIA DAN PRODUKTIVITAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erlinda Puspita Sari

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Modal manusia dianggap sebagai salah satu faktor penentu produktivitas. Modal manusia merupakan dimensi kualitatif dari sumberdaya manusia, seperti keahlian dan keterampilan, yang akan memengaruhi kemampuan produktif manusia tersebut. Dimensi kualitatif tersebut diperoleh melalui pendidikan, pelatihan dan kesehatan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganaliss efek dari modal manusia terhadap tingkat produktivitas di provinsi-provinsi di Indonesia. Dalam penelitian ini, tingkat pendidikan diukur dengan beberapa indikator, yaitu; angka melek huruf dan angka partisipasi murni tingkat SD, SMP maupun SMA. Tingkat kesehatan diukur dengan angka kematian bayi. Data yang digunakan adalah data panel dari 25 provinsi di Indonesia selama perioede 1996-2010 yang dianalisis dengan menggunakan Model Panel Data Fixed Effect. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa modal manusia yang diukur dari tingkat pendidikan (APM dan tingkat kesehatan (AKB merupakan faktor yang berpengaruh dan signifikan untuk menjelaskan variasi produktivitas meskipun magnitude-nya lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan modal fisik. Hasil analisis juga menunjukkan bahwa variabel pendidikan memiliki magnitude yang lebih besar dibandingkan dengan variabel kesehatan. Human capital is regarded as one of the determining factors of productivity. Human capital is qualitative dimension of human resource which includes skills and knowledge. These qualitative dimensions are internalized through education, training and health. This study aimed to analyze the effect of human capital on productivity level across provinces in Indonesia. In this study, the level of education was measured by literacy and school enrollment rate (in primary, secondary and high school. The level of health was measured by infant mortality rate. The study employed a panel data of 25 provinces in Indonesia during the period of 1996-2010. Using fixed effect method, the result showed that secondary school enrollment rate and infant mortality

  1. STRATEGI PERCEPATAN TRANSFORMASI KELEMBAGAAN GAPOKTAN DAN LEMBAGA KEUANGAN MIKRO AGRIBISNIS DALAM MEMPERKUAT EKONOMI DI PERDESAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saptana Saptana

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objective of this paper was to formulate institutional transformation strategies for rural economic institutions gapoktan and LKM-A (Micro Finance Institution-Agribusiness in order to support agribusiness development in the rural areas. The method used is the institutional case study approach on gapoktan and LKM-A in Bojonegoro and Lumajang regencies. The performance of gapoktan and LKM-A’s lending and saving businesses in Bojonegoro and Lumajang regencies indicates a moderate level but open to opportunity on positive and higher trend if there are efforts to transform and improve toward progressive institutions. The performance of gapoktan and LKM-A in creating and assisting businesses in Bojonegoro and Lumajang was indicated at mid-level, but the chance to improve the performance were there if there is an attempt to transform and improve the institutions. Better gapoktan and LKM-A performance could be characterized by the support of complete organizational structure of these institutions along with strong role of each part enabling effective coordination system, the well development of the direct cash support of PUAP, and with the diversity of productive economic activities. The strategies to transform gapoktan and LKM-A institutions could be implemented through: 1 the addition of new structures following the integrated agribusiness system with the reliable support from LKM-A; 2 the focused expansion and/or the strengthening of clear economic objectives to be achieved; 3 the development of horizontal solid bond on economic activities; 4 the addition of new and familiar economic activities to the existing ones. The gapoktan institution is projected to have legal support as farmers-owned business entity, while the LKM-A could be transformed into cooperative institutions, such as lending and saving cooperative or various businesses cooperatives. Keywords: microfinance, gapoktan, LKM-A, rural areas, transformABSTRAKTujuan makalah ini

  2. Nuclear cooperation agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear cooperation agreements are reviewed in tabular form, especially agreements with developing countries. The reporting countries are the USA, the Federal Republic of Germany, Canada, Australia, Japan, and France. A separate EURATOM list is annexed

  3. On Cooper's Nonparametric Test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmeidler, James

    1978-01-01

    The basic assumption of Cooper's nonparametric test for trend (EJ 125 069) is questioned. It is contended that the proper assumption alters the distribution of the statistic and reduces its usefulness. (JKS)

  4. From cooperation to globalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela UNGUREANU

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Globalization is seen as a consequence of cross-border business. This complex and irreversible process can be seen as an extension of capitalist relations of production or increased interdependence in the economic system. Globalization has given rise to more and more fields of activity worldwide. To meet the challenges of business globalization, many companies form strategic alliances, cooperate or merge with other companies. Cooperation is seen by many companies as an alternative path to success. In recent years joint international associations, licensing, co-production agreements, joint research programs, exploration of consortia and other cooperative relationships between two or more corporations with potential have increased. We notice a cooperation tendency among small-sized companies, especially among those from the developing countries.

  5. Globalization and economic cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Divar

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Economic globalization is nothing, really, that the universality of capitalism. Not globalized culture, and economic participation, and human rights, ... has only globalized market. We must react by substituting those materialistic values with cooperative economy.

  6. Cooperative Weather Observations

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Monthly logs include a daily account of temperature extremes and precipitation, along with snow data at some locations. U.S. Cooperative Observer Program (COOP)...

  7. Mutual cooperation with Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Orstein, Roberto M.

    1998-01-01

    The history of the nuclear cooperation between Brazil and Argentina is outlined in the framework of the changing political circumstances. Reference is made to the agreements between both countries and to its implementation

  8. Regional National Cooperative Observer

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NOAA publication dedicated to issues, news and recognition of observers in the National Weather Service Cooperative Observer program. Issues published regionally...

  9. Cooperative Hurricane Network Obs

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Observations from the Cooperative Hurricane Reporting Network (CHURN), a special network of stations that provided observations when tropical cyclones approached the...

  10. From cooperation to globalization

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriela UNGUREANU

    2010-01-01

    Globalization is seen as a consequence of cross-border business. This complex and irreversible process can be seen as an extension of capitalist relations of production or increased interdependence in the economic system. Globalization has given rise to more and more fields of activity worldwide. To meet the challenges of business globalization, many companies form strategic alliances, cooperate or merge with other companies. Cooperation is seen by many companies as an alternative path to suc...

  11. Can War Foster Cooperation?

    OpenAIRE

    Bauer, Michal; Blattman, Christopher J.; Chytilová, Julie; Henrich, Joseph; Miguel, Edward; Mitts, Tamar

    2016-01-01

    In the past decade, nearly 20 studies have found a strong, persistent pattern in surveys and behavioral experiments from over 40 countries: individual exposure to war violence tends to increase social cooperation at the local level, including community participation and prosocial behavior. Thus while war has many negative legacies for individuals and societies, it appears to leave a positive legacy in terms of local cooperation and civic engagement. We discuss, synthesize and reanalyze the em...

  12. Attraction and cooperative behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Donja Darai; Silvia Grätz

    2012-01-01

    Being good-looking seems to generate substantial benefits in many social interactions, making the "beauty premium" a not to be underrated economic factor. This paper investigates how physical attractiveness enables people to generate these benefits in the case of cooperation, using field data from a modified one-shot prisoner's dilemma played in a high-stakes television game show. While attractive contestants are not more or less cooperative than less attractive ones, facial attractiveness pr...

  13. ISLAM DAN RADIKALISME: Upaya Antisipasi dan Penanggulangannya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idrus Ruslan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Sejak tragedi pemboman WTC tanggal 11 September 2001 yang disusul dengan rangkaian peledakan bom di sejumlah negara, banyak orang non Muslim yang berasumsi bahwa ajaran Islam identik dengan radikalisme. Walaupun assumsi yang berkembang itu dapat dimaklumi, namun keyakinan tersebut tentu saja tidak sepenuhnya benar. Karena meskipun terdapat sekelompok orang Islam yang berbuat radikal, akan tetapi mayoritas Muslim justru bertentangan dengan mereka. Lagi pula, jika dicermati secara mendalam, sesungguhnya Islam sama sekali tidak mentolerir tindakan radikal. Ia adalah agama kasih sayang yang sangat mendodrong penganutnya untuk berbuat baik terhadap orang lain, termasuk kepada orang-orang non-Muslim. Artikel ini menawarkan beberapa upaya strategis dalam mengantisipasi dan menanggulangi bahaya radikalisme-terorisme.

  14. EPISTEMOLOGI DAN KETERBATASAN TEORI GRAVITASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erwin Erwin

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Peristiwa tentang kecenderungan jatuhnya benda-benda menuju pusat bumi dan keteraturan peredaran planet dan benda-benda langit lainnya dalam tata surya dahulu dianggap dua fenomena yang berbeda. Mekanika benda langit dan mekanika bumi yang sebelumnya merupakan dua pengetahuan yang terpisah, dianggap satu kesatuan oleh Sir Isaac Newton. Newton mengemukakan hukum gravitasi umum yaitu gaya tarik menarik antara dua benda besarnya sebanding dengan massa masing-masing benda dan berbanding terbalik dengan kuadrat jarak antara kedua benda. Hukum gravitasi ini sukses menjalaskan bagaimana benda cendrung jatuh menuju pusat bumi dan peredaran planet dan benda-benda langit lain mengelilingi matahari dalam sistem tata surya. Namun hukum gravitasi Newton ternyata tidak sepenuhnya tepat, beberapa hal dapat dijelaskan dengan hukum relativitas Einstein, namun demikian hukum relativitas Einstein juga dicurigai masih perlu diamandemen agar dapat menjelaskan fenomena alam dengan tepat.

  15. Epistemologi dan Keterbatasan Teori Gravitasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erwin Erwin

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Peristiwa tentang kecenderungan jatuhnya benda-benda menuju pusat bumi dan keteraturan peredaran planet dan benda-benda langit lainnya dalam tata surya dahulu dianggap dua fenomena yang berbeda. Mekanika benda langit dan mekanika bumi yang sebelumnya merupakan dua pengetahuan yang terpisah, dianggap satu kesatuan oleh Sir Isaac Newton. Newton mengemukakan hukum gravitasi umum yaitu gaya tarik menarik antara dua benda besarnya sebanding dengan massa masing-masing benda dan berbanding terbalik dengan kuadrat jarak antara kedua benda. Hukum gravitasi ini sukses menjalaskan bagaimana benda cendrung jatuh menuju pusat bumi dan peredaran planet dan benda-benda langit lain mengelilingi matahari dalam sistem tata surya. Namun hukum gravitasi Newton ternyata tidak sepenuhnya tepat, beberapa hal dapat dijelaskan dengan hukum relativitas Einstein, namun demikian hukum relativitas Einstein juga dicurigai masih perlu diamandemen agar dapat menjelaskan fenomena alam dengan tepat.

  16. PEMBELAJARAN THINK-PAIR-SHARE, KETERAMPILAN METAKOGNITIF, DAN HASIL BELAJAR KOGNITIF SISWA SMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Amnah S.

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Think-Pair-Share Learning, Meta-cognitive Skills and Cognitive Learning Outcomes. The study investigates the effects of meta-cognitive skills based Think-Pair-Share cooperative learning on meta-cognitive skills and cognitive learning outcomes of 11th grade students of Senior High Schools in Pekanbaru. The sample consists of 11th grade students of SMA 9 as an experiment group and 11th grade students SMA 10 as a control group. Based on analyzing the data using ANCOVA, the results show that there is a signifi­cant difference in meta-cognitive skills and cognitive learning outcomes of the students in the experimental and the control groups, and there is no significant difference between students who have high and low academic levels in their meta-cognitive skills and cognitive learning outcomes. Abstrak: Pembelajaran Think-Pair-Share, Keterampilan Metakognitif, dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif Siswa SMA. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengukur pengaruh pembela­jaran koperatif Think-Pair-Share terha­dap keterampilan metakognitif dan hasil belajar kognitif siswa SMA. Sampel dipilih secara acak dari popu­lasi 13 SMA di Pekanbaru. Dengan menggunakan ANAKOVA, hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa terdapat per­bedaan yang nyata keterampilan metakognitif dan hasil belajar kognitif siswa di kelompok eksperimental dan kelompok control, dan tidak ada perbedaan yang nyata antara siswa berkemampuan akademik tinggi dan akademik rendah pada keterampilan metakognitif dan hasil belajar kognitifnya.

  17. Measurement of neutrinos released in nuclear reactors through the Borexino experiment; Mesure des neutrinos de reacteurs nucleaires dans l'experience Borexino

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dadoun, O

    2003-06-01

    The main goal of the Borexino experiment is to measure in real time the solar neutrino flux from the beryllium (Be{sup 7}) line at 862 keV. Beyond this pioneer low energy neutrino detection, Borexino will be able to measure solar neutrinos above the MeV, (B{sup 8} neutrinos and pep neutrinos), nuclear reactor neutrinos (with an average energy of 3 MeV) and the supernova neutrinos (their spectrum goes up to some ten MeV). In this work I mainly focus on the study of the nuclear reactors neutrinos. This field has recently been enriched by the results of the KamLAND experiment, which have greatly improved the determination of the neutrino oscillation parameters. In order to measure these events which are above the MeV, the Borexino collaboration entrusted the PCC group at College de France, with the tasks of developing a fast digit system running at 400 MHz: the FADC cards. The PCC group designed the FADC cards and completed them at the beginning of 2002. The first cards which were introduced in the main electronic acquisition unit allowed us to control their functioning and that of the acquisition software. FADC cards were also installed in the Borexino prototype, CTF. The data are analysed in order to determine a limit to the expected background noise of Borexino in measuring the nuclear reactor neutrinos. (author)

  18. Theme day: corrosion and surface treatments in nuclear facilities. Proceedings; Journee Thematique: Corrosion et Traitements de surface dans les Installations Nucleaires. Recueil des presentations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-02-15

    This document brings together the available presentations given at the theme day organized by the Bourgogne Nuclear Pole on the topic of corrosion and surface treatments in nuclear facilities. Eleven presentations (slides) are compiled in this document: 1 - Introduction - PNB centre of competitiveness and R and D activities (A. Mantovan, PNB); 2 - Corrosion damage (M. Foucault, Areva NP - Centre Technique Le Creusot); 3 - Corrosion mechanisms (R. Oltra, UB-ICB); 4 - Examples of expertise management (C. Duret-Thual, Institut de la corrosion/Corrosion Institute); 5 - General framework of surface treatments (C. Nouveau, ENSAM Cluny Paris Tech); 6 - Surfaces et interfaces characterisation - Part A (C. Langlade, Y. Gachon, UTBM and HEF); 7 - Surfaces et interfaces characterisation - Part B (C. Langlade, Y. Gachon, UTBM and HEF); 8 - Ion beam surface treatment (Y. Le Guellec, Quertech Ingenierie); 9 - Impact surface treatment (G. Saout, Sonats); 10 - Metal oxides Characterisation by US laser (R. Oltra, UB-ICB); 11 - Detection and Characterisation of intergranular corrosion (Y. Kernin, Stephane Bourgois, Areva Intercontrole)

  19. A few nuclear technologies in earth science and industry; Quelques techniques nucleaires dans l`industrie et les sciences de la terre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caillot, A.

    1994-12-31

    The radioactivity pacific and favourable applications are very numerous. The sensitivity, the efficiency of these processes make them peculiarly attractive. Nevertheless, their implementation is a demanding job on account of numerous subjects that must acquire the specialists: nuclear, electronic and computing, fluid mechanics and sometimes... athletics when it concerns studies on the maritime sites. In spite of these numerous advantages, we must not deduce that those methods are the panacea destined to replace the other technologies. It`s the association of these two approaches which is an economy and progress supply.

  20. Nuclear energy fur civilian uses given the prospects of a changing climate; L'energie nucleaire civile dans le cadre temporel des changements climatiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dautray, R. [Academy des Aciences, 75 - Paris (France); Turpin, M. [ERAP, 75 - Paris (France)

    2003-01-01

    The worrisome issues resulting from the civilian use of nuclear energy are subjected to a scientific analysis in R. Dautray's report. They include: the risks of accidents and radiation, the question of nuclear wastes (in particular, plutonium and actinides), and the dangers of atomic weapons proliferating or nuclear plants being menaced by terrorists. The nuclear industry will not be able to go on unless it comes up with solutions acceptable to citizens. Even if the decision were made to put an end to nuclear power plants, a solution would have to be found for putting an end to the aftereffects. According to this report, it is indispensable to have a base of knowledge accepted by all if we are to weigh various proposals and make decisions. It contends that the program under way in France since the 1991 Bataille Act should, for the 2006 deadline, set as its main objective to define 'a general criterion of protection and confidence of the concerned workers and populations, a criterion worked out by their elected representatives, thus by public authorities'. The report's author has proposed points for drawing up such a criterion. (author)

  1. Resolution Improvement in Multidimensional Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Proteins; Amelioration de la resolution dans la resonance magnetique nucleaire multidimensionnelle des proteines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duma, L

    2004-07-01

    The work presented in this thesis is concerned with both liquid-state and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Most of this work is devoted to the investigation by solid-state NMR of C{sup 13}-enriched compounds with the principal aim of presenting techniques devised for further improving the spectral resolution in multidimensional NMR of microcrystalline proteins. In fully C{sup 13}-labelled compounds, the J-coupling induces a broadening of the carbon lineshapes. We show that spin-state-selective technique called IPAP can be successfully combined with standard polarisation transfer schemes in order to remove the J-broadening in multidimensional solid-state NMR correlation experiments of fully C{sup 13}-enriched proteins. We present subsequently two techniques tailored for liquid-state NMR spectroscopy. The carbon directly detected techniques provide chemical shift information for all backbone hetero-nuclei. They are very attracting for the study of large bio-molecular systems or for the investigation of paramagnetic proteins. In the last part of this thesis, we study the spin-echo J-modulation for homonuclear two-spin 1/2 systems. Under magic-angle spinning, the theory of J-induced spin-echo modulation allows to derive a set of modulation regimes which give a spin-echo modulation exactly equal to the J-coupling. We show that the chemical-shift anisotropy and the dipolar interaction tend to stabilize the spin-echo J-modulation. The theoretical conclusions are supported by numerical simulations and experimental results obtained for three representative samples containing C{sup 13} spin pairs. (author)

  2. The role of the nuclear industry in the Brazil's electricity system; Le role du nucleaire dans le systeme electrique Bresilien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pinheiro Da Silva, O.L.; Dos Santos Guimaraes, L. [Electronuclear - Electrobras Termonuclear (Brazil)

    2009-11-15

    No form of energy - renewable, clean or whatever other name it is given - can constitute the sole solution to the challenge of ensuring electric power supplies that are compatible with a country's economic and social growth. Brazilian consumption and installed electrical generation capacity per capita are stiller low, below the world average - that is the main factor that needs to be stressed. The catch-up requires that the country benefit it as much as possible and as soon as possible from all available sources to increase electricity generation capacity allowing increased consumption compatible with the way of life that Brazilians aspire to. A country's electrical system planning requires the efficient management of a diversified array of energy sources. Regarding Brazil, hydro power will be or several decades the main component in its electricity generation portfolio. Nonetheless, it already needs to be complemented by thermal sources - uranium, coal, bio-mass, natural gas and petroleum-based oil - in that order of importance, taking account of such actors as availability on the home territory, costs, environmental impacts and uses in other applications. (authors)

  3. Critical analysis of major incidents risks in civil nuclear energy; Analyse critique des risques d'incidents majeurs dans l'energie nucleaire civile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    The differences existing between the PWR type reactors and the RBMK type reactors are explained as well as the risk associated to each type when it exists. The Ines scale, tool to give the level of an accident gravity comprises seven levels, the number seven is the most serious and corresponds to the Chernobyl accident; The number zero is of no consequence but must be mentioned as a matter of form. The incidents from 1 to 3 concern increasing incidents, affecting the nuclear power plant but not the external public. The accidents from 4 to 7 have a nature to affect the nuclear power plant and the environment. An efficient tool exists between nuclear operators it is made of the reports on incidents encountered by close reactors. Two others type reactors are coming, the high temperature type reactors and the fast neutrons reactors. different risks are evoked, terrorism, proliferation, transport and radioactive wastes. (N.C.)

  4. Energy security, sustainable development, which place for the Nuclear in the world?; Securite energetique, developpement durable, quelle place pour le nucleaire dans le monde?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    Facing the increase of the energy consumption and the necessity of the greenhouse gases emission decrease, the authors define the role of the nuclear energy in a policy of a sustainable development. They recall the leadership part of the France in the nuclear research and development and the channel of the nuclear production. The second part of the paper proposes sheets of countries energy policy and nuclear program situation: USA, Europe, Russian, China and India. (A.L.B.)

  5. Strategy for nuclear wastes incineration in hybrid reactors; Strategies pour l'incineration de dechets nucleaires dans des reacteurs hybrides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lelievre, F

    1998-12-11

    The transmutation of nuclear wastes in accelerator-driven nuclear reactorsoffers undeniable advantages. But before going into the detailed study of a particular project, we should (i) examine the possible applications of such systems and (ii) compare the different configurations, in order to guide technological decisions. We propose an approach, answering both concerns, based on the complete description of hybrid reactors. It is possible, with only the transmutation objective and a few technological constraints chosen a posteriori, to determine precisely the essential parameters of such reactors: number of reactors, beam current, size of the core, sub-criticality... The approach also clearly pinpoints the strategic decisions, for which the scientist or engineer is not competent. This global scheme is applied to three distinct nuclear cycles: incineration of solid fuel without recycling, incineration of liquid fuel without recycling and incineration of liquid fuel with on-line recycling; and for two spectra, either thermal or fast. We show that the radiotoxicity reduction with a solid fuel is significant only with a fast spectrum, but the incineration times range from 20 to 30 years. The liquid fuel is appropriate only with on-line recycling, at equilibrium. The gain on the radiotoxicity can be considerable and we describe a number of such systems. The potential of ADS for the transmutation of nuclear wastes is confirmed, but we should continue the description of specific systems obtained through this approach. (author)

  6. High-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance of quadrupolar nuclei in solids; Resonance magnetique nucleaire haute-resolution des noyaux quadrupolaires dans les solides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Charpentier, Th

    1998-10-23

    After a brief review of existing methods in high-resolution NMR of quadrupolar nuclei, the manipulation of multi-quantum coherencies by radiofrequency pulses is studied. Results are then applied to the determination of optimal conditions for performing the recently introduced multiple-quantum magic-angle experiment (MQMAS). The principles of this new method, the different pulse sequences and the data processing are described in detail. Applications on aluminum hydrates and cement pastes show the improvements of this new technique over the previous ones. In a second part, after an investigation of the Floquet theory, a new formalism has been devised for studying the behavior of a spin submitted to a strong quadrupolar interaction and radiofrequency field in a rotating sample. This formalism is then applied to a quantitative study of the phenomenon of rotational induced adiabatic transfer of coherencies (RIACT). The extension of our theoretical approach to two-dimensional experiments provides a powerful tool for quantitative analyses of MQMAS spectra. Agreement between experimental data and simulations demonstrates the reliability of our approach. Preliminary results concerning the application of MQMAS spectroscopy, using our simulation programs, to structural study of amorphous materials are presented. The third and last part presents a theoretical and experimental investigation of dipolar order in a rotating sample. Two theoretical models are described, the first for the slow spinning speed regime where an adiabatic approximation can be made, and the second for the fast spinning speed regime. (author)

  7. Place of the nuclear medicine in the clinical development of the gene therapy; Place de la medecine nucleaire dans le developpement clinique de la therapie genique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crochet, T. [Montpellier-1 Univ., 34 (France); Vis, J. de [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Hopital Saint Eloi, Institut de Recherche en Biotherapie, 34 - Montpellier (France); Vincent, D. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nimes, Service de Medecine Interne, Hopital Caremeau, 30 - Nimes (France); Zanca, M. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Hopital Guy de Chauliac, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, 34 - Montpellier (France)

    2006-10-15

    Although gene therapy has been proposed first for genetic diseases, its concept has been extended to many acquired diseases, owing to a better understanding of pathology at a molecular level. Overall, very few trials have shown to be efficient, and safety concerns have emerged, as a result of several patients deaths. There is a need for new techniques able to improve both the knowledge of the therapeutic gene fate once administered and the early detection of events likely to lead to serious adverse events. In vivo imaging of a reporter gene associated with the therapeutic one is certainly the most promising technique for these goals. Among available imaging modalities, nuclear imaging is the most likely to be applied to patients. This review begins with a summary of current knowledge about the steps that a therapeutic gene has to cross from vector delivery to appropriate expression in target cells. We show how gene imaging could allow to investigate many pitfalls of trials by providing a better understanding of these steps in patients. The reporter genes available for nuclear imaging are presented in the second section, through animal studies. Then, relevant examples of clinical trials are presented. These include cancer (suicide gene therapy and adoptive immunotherapy), ischemic heart diseases and cystic fibrosis. The results are commented with emphasis on the role of nuclear imaging to address the questions raised by these studies, and imaging studies carried out on animals or patients for the corresponding diseases or organs are presented. The results obtained in animal studies warrant the introduction of gene imaging in clinical trials. (authors)

  8. Platinoids and molybdenum in nuclear waste containment glasses: a structural study; Les platinoides et le molybdene dans des verres d'interet nucleaires: etude structurale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Le Grand, M. [CEA/VALRHO - site de Marcoule, Dept. de Recherche en Retraitement et en Vitrification (DRRV), 30 - Marcoule (France)]|[Paris-7 Univ., 75 (France)

    2000-07-01

    This work deals with the structure of borosilicate nuclear glasses and with some relationships between structure and macroscopic properties. Two types of elements which may disturb the industrial process - platinoids (Ru and Pd) and molybdenum - are central to this work. Platinoids induce weak modifications on the structure of the glass, causing a depolymerization of the glassy network, an increase of the {sup [3]}B/{sup [4]}B ratio and a modification of the medium range order around Si between 3.3 and 4.5 angstrom. The modifications of viscosity and density induced by platinoids in the glass are not due to the structural effect of the platinoids. The increase of viscosity is attributed to needle shaped RuO{sub 2}. It can be moderated by imposing reducing conditions during the elaboration of the glass. The slight difference between experimental and calculated densities is due to the increase of the volume percentage of bubbles in the glass with increasing platinoid content. Mo is either present in the glass as molybdic groupings, or mobilized in chemically complex molybdic crystalline phases. The chemical composition and mineralogy of these phases has been obtained using electronic microprobe data and XRD with Rietveld analysis. The distribution of the different elements between the crystalline phases and the glass is strongly influenced by the structural role of the various cations in the glass. The Mo present in the glass appears as MoO{sub 4} tetrahedra, independent of the borosilicate network. The formation of the crystalline phases can be explained by the existence of a precursor in which the MoO{sub 4} tetrahedra are concentrated in rich alkali and earth-alkali bearing areas of the glass. (author)

  9. Contribution to the study of thermal-hydraulic problems in nuclear reactors; Contribution a l`etude de problemes de thermohydraulique dans les reacteurs nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cognet, G

    1998-07-07

    In nuclear reactors, whatever the type considered, Pressurized Water Water Reactors (PWRs), Fast Breeder reactors (FBRs)..., thermal-hydraulics, the science of fluid mechanics and thermal behaviour, plays an essential role, both in nominal operating and accidental conditions. Fluid can either be the primary fluid (liquid or gas) or a very specific fluid called corium, which, in case of severe accident, could result from core and environning structure melting. The work reported here represents a 20-year contribution to thermal-hydraulic issues which could occur in FBRs and PWRs. Working on these two types of reactors, both in nominal and severe accident situations, has allowed me to compare the problems and to realize the importance of communication between research teams. The evolution in the complexity of studied problems, unavoidable in order to reduce costs and significantly improve safety, has led me from numerical modelling of single-phase flow turbulence to high temperature real melt experiments. The difficulties encountered in understanding the observed phenomena and in increasing experimental databases for computer code qualification have often entailed my participation in specific measurement device developments or adaptations, in particular non-intrusive devices generally based on optical techniques. Being concerned about the end-use of this research work, I actively participated in `in-situ` thermalhydraulic experiments in the FBRs: Phenix and Super-Phenix, of which I appreciated their undeniable scientific contribution. In my opinion, the thermal-hydraulic questions related to severe accidents are the most complex as they are at the cross-roads of several scientific specialities. Consequently, they require a multi-disciplinary approach and a continuous see-saw motion between experimentalists and modelling teams. After a brief description of the various problems encountered, the main ones are reported. Finally, the importance for research teams to participate in large international concerted actions is highlighted. (author) 64 refs.

  10. Plutonium: resuspension of aerosols in nuclear installations: bibliographic survey; Le plutonium: mise en suspension d'aerosols dans les installations nucleaires: synthese bibliographique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guetat, Ph.; Monfort, M.; Armand, P. [CEA Bruyeres-le-Chatel, Dept. Analyse Surveillance Environnement, Service Radioanalyse Chimie Environnement, 91 (France); Alloul-Marmor, L. [Societe APTUS, 78 - Versailles (France)

    2006-07-01

    This document presents an analysis and a bibliographical synthesis of the studies on resuspension factors for plutonium. It aims at helping the engineers of safety to specify the scenarios of accidents which relate to their activities and to bring elements justified for the definition of their term-source 'installation' in the safety reports of the installations. (authors)

  11. Specific features of occupational medicine in nuclear research and industry; Specificites de la medecine du travail dans la recherche et l'industrie nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giraud, J.M. [CEA, Dir. des Ressources Humaines et des Relations Sociales, 75 - Paris (France); Quesne, B. [Cogema, Coordination Medicale, 78 - Velizy Villacoublay (France)

    2003-07-01

    Measures to prevent the exposure of personnel to ionising radiation were taken as soon as the first nuclear laboratories were set up. This branch of occupational preventive medicine has since kept pace with advances in research and in the industrial applications of nuclear energy. (authors)

  12. The nuclear cancerology: finally in the yard of the men in high places; La cancerologie nucleaire: enfin dans la cour des grands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chatal, J.F. [Nantes Univ., UMR 601 Inserm, 44 (France)

    2005-11-15

    From the beginning of the sixties nuclear medicine expanded in numerous medical specialities, principally in cardiology and cancerology. The development of PET constituted a technological revolution. Improvement in radioimmunotherapy, new radiopharmaceuticals, development of vectorized radiotherapy are such steps that give performances to nuclear cancerology. (N.C.)

  13. Solubility of actinides and surrogates in nuclear glasses; Solubilite des actinides et de leurs simulants dans les verres nucleaires. Limites d'incorporation et comprehension des mecanismes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez, Ch

    2003-07-01

    The nuclear wastes are currently incorporated in borosilicate glass matrices. The resulting glass must be perfectly homogeneous. The work discussed here is a study of actinide (thorium and plutonium) solubility in borosilicate glass, undertaken to assess the extent of actinide solubility in the glass and to understand the mechanisms controlling actinide solubilization. Glass specimens containing; actinide surrogates were used to prepare and optimize the fabrication of radioactive glass samples. These preliminary studies revealed that actinide Surrogates solubility in the glass was enhanced by controlling the processing temperature, the dissolution kinetic of the surrogate precursors, the glass composition and the oxidizing versus reducing conditions. The actinide solubility was investigated in the borosilicate glass. The evolution of thorium solubility in borosilicate glass was determined for temperatures ranging from 1200 deg C to 1400 deg C.Borosilicate glass specimens containing plutonium were fabricated. The experimental result showed that the plutonium solubility limit ranged from 1 to 2.5 wt% PuO{sub 2} at 1200 deg C. A structural approach based on the determination of the local structure around actinides and their surrogates by EXAFS spectroscopy was used to determine their structural role in the glass and the nature of their bonding with the vitreous network. This approach revealed a correlation between the length of these bonds and the solubility of the actinides and their surrogates. (author)

  14. URGENSI DAN PROSPEK PENGATURAN (IUS CONSTITUENDUM UU TENTANG CONTEMPT OF COURT UNTUK MENEGAKKAN MARTABAT DAN WIBAWA PERADILAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilik Mulyadi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available UU Contempt of Court merupakan kebutuhan yang bersifat urgent, segera dan mendesak, sehingga perlu dilakukan kajian dan penelitian secara kritis, akademis dan bersifat komprehensif untuk menjaga keluhuran dan menegakkan martabat dan wibawa peradilan.

  15. Sifilis Laten: Diagnosis dan Pengobatan

    OpenAIRE

    Rasmia Rowawi

    2013-01-01

    Abstrak   Sifilis laten merupakan stadium sifilis yang diakibatkan oleh T. pallidum yang masih menetap dalam tubuh, namun tidak menunjukkan gejala dan hanya menunjukkan hasil pemeriksaan serologis yang reaktif. Sifilis laten yang tidak diterapi dapat menetap bertahun-tahun atau seumur hidup dan dapat meningkatkan risiko terinfeksi HIV. Ibu hamil dengan sifilis laten dini akan menyebabkan sekitar 40% bayi yang dilahirkankannya tertular, 20% prematur, 10% lahir mati, dan 4% meningga...

  16. Study of the behaviour of some heavy elements in solvents containing hydrogen fluoride; Etude du comportement de quelques elements lourds dans des solvants a base d'acide fluorhydrique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tarnero, M. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-01-01

    The anhydrous liquid mixtures: dinitrogen tetroxide-hydrogen fluoride and antimony pentafluoride-hydrogen fluoride were studied as solvents for heavy elements interesting nuclear energy: uranium, thorium, zirconium and for some of their compounds. For N{sub 2}O{sub 4}-HF mixtures, electric conductivity measurements and liquid phase infrared spectra were also obtained. Uranium and zirconium tetrafluoride are much more soluble in N{sub 2}O{sub 4}-HF mixtures than in pure hydrogen fluoride. Uranium dissolved in these mixtures is pentavalent. In SbF{sub 5}-HF mixtures, uranium dissolves with hydrogen evolution and becomes trivalent. The solid compound resulting from the dissolution is a fluoro-antimonate: U(SbF{sub 6}){sub 3}. (author) [French] On a etudie les melanges liquides anhydres: peroxyde d'azote-acide fluorhydrique et pentafluorure d'antimoine-acide fluorhydrique comme solvants d'elements lourds interessant l'energie nucleaire: uranium, thorium, zirconium et de quelques uns de leurs composes. Pour les melanges N{sub 2}O{sub 4}-HF on a egalement effectue des mesures de conductivite electrique, ainsi que des spectres d'absorption infrarouge en phase liquide. Le tetrafluorure d'uranium et le tetrafluorure de zirconium sont beaucoup plus solubles dans les melanges N{sub 2}O{sub 4}-HF que dans l'acide fluorhydrique. L'uranium dissous dans ces melanges est a l'etat pentavalent. Dans les melanges SbF{sub 5}-HF l'uranium se dissout avec degagement d'hydrogene et passe a l'etat trivalent. Le compose solide resultant de la dissolution est un fluoantimoniate: U(SbF{sub 6}){sub 3}. (auteur)

  17. Cooperative games and network structures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Musegaas, Marieke

    2017-01-01

    This thesis covers various research topics involving cooperative game theory, a mathematical tool to analyze the cooperative behavior within a group of players. The focus is mainly on interrelations between operations research and cooperative game theory by analyzing specific types of cooperative

  18. THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES ON ECONOMIC COOPERATION

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel Ciprian ANDRUSEAC; Iulian HERTUG

    2016-01-01

    Economic cooperation, the engine of relations of international economic cooperation, is an insufficiently defined, dynamic concept. The transformations of the international environment, globalization and the intensification of economic interdependencies render economic cooperation a must, and not just an option within international relations. Similar to the international environment, economic cooperation undergoes a process of redefinition, of adjustment to the new realities. This article aim...

  19. En kamp om dans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zachariassen, Annette

    2004-01-01

    Hvordan er det muligt at medtænke et legende og "kæmpende" element i det faglige indholdsområde musik, bevægelse og kropsudtryk/dans? og hvordan er det muligt at lade sig inspirere af elementer fra genren elektric boogie-battel og brasiliansk kampdans "Capoeira" i tilrettelæggelse af et undervisn......Hvordan er det muligt at medtænke et legende og "kæmpende" element i det faglige indholdsområde musik, bevægelse og kropsudtryk/dans? og hvordan er det muligt at lade sig inspirere af elementer fra genren elektric boogie-battel og brasiliansk kampdans "Capoeira" i tilrettelæggelse af et...

  20. Does intuition cause cooperation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter P J L Verkoeijen

    Full Text Available Recently, researchers claimed that people are intuitively inclined to cooperate with reflection causing them to behave selfishly. Empirical support for this claim came from experiments using a 4-player public goods game with a marginal return of 0.5 showing that people contributed more money to a common project when they had to decide quickly (i.e., a decision based on intuition than when they were instructed to reflect and decide slowly. This intuitive-cooperation effect is of high scientific and practical importance because it argues against a central assumption of traditional economic and evolutionary models. The first experiment of present study was set up to examine the generality of the intuitive-cooperation effect and to further validate the experimental task producing the effect. In Experiment 1, we investigated Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT workers' contributions to a 4-player public goods game with a marginal return of 0.5 while we manipulated the knowledge about the other players' contribution to the public goods game (contribution known vs. contribution unknown, the identity of the other players (humans vs. computers randomly generating contributions and the time constraint (time pressure/intuition vs. forced delay/reflection. However, the results of Experiment 1 failed to reveal an intuitive-cooperation effect. Furthermore, four subsequent direct replications attempts with AMT workers (Experiments 2a, 2b, 2c and Experiment 3, which was conducted with naïve/inexperienced participants also failed to demonstrate intuitive-cooperation effects. Taken together, the results of the present study could not corroborate the idea that people are intuitively cooperative, hence suggesting that the theoretical relationship between intuition and cooperation should be further scrutinized.

  1. NYERI KEPALA DAN GANGGUAN TIDUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Kamelia

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Nyeri kepala dan tidur merupakan dua fenomena yang saling mempengaruhi dengan patomekanisme yang kompleks. Nyeri kepala primer, terutama migren, nyeri kepala klaster dan hypnic headache dapat timbul karena pengurangan waktu tidur, parasomnia, maupun gangguan pada regulasi arsitektur tidur terutama fase rapid eye movement. Sebaliknya, adanya nyeri kepala memicu timbulnya berbagai macam gangguan tidur. Studi pencitraan otak dan biokimia menunjukkan peranan penting melatonin dan nukleus suprachiasmatik   yang mengalami disfungsi pada penderita nyeri kepala yang berhubungan dengan gangguan tidur. [MEDICINA 2013;44:101-104].

  2. ASIMETRI INFORMASI DAN UNDERPRICING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tety Anggita Safitri

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji pengaruh asimetri informasi terhadap underpricing. Penelitian ini menggunakan sampel 63 perusahaan yang melakukan penawaran umum perdana di Bursa Efek Indonesia dalam kurun waktu 2005-2010. Analisis data menggunakan regresi linier berganda, yaitu menguji proksi asimetri informasi yang terdiri atas ukuran perusahaan, umur perusahaan, proporsi saham yang ditawarkan kepada masyarakat, reputasi underwriter dan reputasi auditor terhadap underpricing. Hasil penelitian ini mengindikasikan bahwa reputasi underwriter dan reputasi auditor berpengaruh terhadap underpricing. Ukuran perusahaan, umur perusahaan dan proporsi saham yang ditawarkan tidak berpengaruh terhadap underpricing.The aim of this research is to examine the effect of assymetric information on underpricing. This research used a sample of 63 companies that make initial public offering on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period of 2005-2010. The data analysis is using multiple linear regression, which is testing the proxy of asymmetric information which consists of the firm size, the firm age, the proportion of shares offered to the public, underwriter reputation and auditor reputation on underpricing. This research indicates that underwriter reputation and auditor reputation have a significant effect on underpricing. The firm size, the firm age and the proportion of shares offered to the public have no significant effect on underpricing.

  3. DIVERSITAS DAN KERAPATAN MANGROVE, GASTROPODA DAN BIVALVIA DI ESTUARI PERANCAK, BALI

    OpenAIRE

    Susiana; Ali, Syamsu Alam; Rukminasari, Nita

    2011-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan membandingkan diversitas dan kerapatan mangrove dengan kepadatan gastropoda dan bivalvia di mangrove alami dan rehabilitasi. Pengukuran ekosistem mangrove menggunakan transek kuadrat 10 m x 10 m. Kelimpahan dan kepadatan gastropoda dan bialvia menggunakan transek kuadrat berukuran 1 m x 1 m. Analisis nMDS, cluster untuk melihat hubungan karekteristik mangrove alami dan rehabilitasi dianalisis secara deskriptif dan analisis regresi untuk mendetermi...

  4. The story of technical cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Yang Taek

    1989-09-01

    This book gives descriptions of technical cooperation, which is about why does technology transfer?, process of technology transfer with model, decisive cause and cooperation of technology transfer, cost and effect of technology transfer, historical experience of technology transfer, cases of technology transfer by field such as rubber tire, medicine and computer industry and automobile industry, technology transfer process and present condition of technical cooperation, and strategy for rising of technical cooperation : selection of technology for object of cooperation and development of human resources.

  5. Radiopharmaceutical projects of CNESTEN (Centre National de l'Energie, des Sciences et des Techniques Nucleaires)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    In nuclear medicine, the prescriptions of isotopic investigations are increasing because they can provide early information about morphological anomalies and permit,so to avoid long and onerous treatments. Until now, Morocco imports the radiopharmaceuticals in spite of the difficulties related to administrative procedures. To facilitate these procedures CNESTEN has launched a project which involves the following activities: - Import and distribution of needed radiopharmaceuticals; - development and production of new radiopharmaceutical kits in cooperation with scientific partners. Priority is given to the most prescribed radiopharmaceuticals. Many kits have been produced with manufacturing protocol modifications aiming to improve and optimize the production processes. The quality of the obtained products is tested and their biodistribution kinetics are studied. (F.M.)

  6. Cooperation in Construction:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vogelius, Peter; Storgaard, Kresten

    2016-01-01

    . The management logic of the main contractor is interpreted as based on a sociology-inspired understanding focusing on norms and social values rather than on contractual (law) and functional (engineering) logic, which had hitherto been prevalent in Danish construction management.......The study presents a building project executed by a major Danish construction company, where cooperation and its staging were essential for achieving high productivity and competitiveness. The form of this cooperation is the main theme for the article. The contractor actively changed...... the companies in the case can be understood as possessing a social capital which is enforced and united by initiatives of the main contractor. The social capital was built up and maintained through the actual constitution of cooperation already in the initial phase of bidding before the building process...

  7. Cooperative Prototyping Experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Grønbæk, Kaj

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes experiments with a design technique that we denote cooperative prototyping. The experiments consider design of a patient case record system for municipal dental clinics in which we used HyperCard, an off the shelf programming environment for the Macintosh. In the ecperiments we...... tried to achieve a fluent work-like evaluation of prototypes where users envisioned future work with a computer tool, at the same time as we made on-line modifications of prototypes in cooperation with the users when breakdown occur in their work-like evaluation. The experiments showed...... that it was possible to make a number of direct manipulation changes of prototypes in cooperation with the users, in interplay with their fluent work-like evaluation of these. However, breakdown occurred in the prototyping process when we reached the limits of the direct manipulation support for modification. From...

  8. Synchrony and cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiltermuth, Scott S; Heath, Chip

    2009-01-01

    Armies, churches, organizations, and communities often engage in activities-for example, marching, singing, and dancing-that lead group members to act in synchrony with each other. Anthropologists and sociologists have speculated that rituals involving synchronous activity may produce positive emotions that weaken the psychological boundaries between the self and the group. This article explores whether synchronous activity may serve as a partial solution to the free-rider problem facing groups that need to motivate their members to contribute toward the collective good. Across three experiments, people acting in synchrony with others cooperated more in subsequent group economic exercises, even in situations requiring personal sacrifice. Our results also showed that positive emotions need not be generated for synchrony to foster cooperation. In total, the results suggest that acting in synchrony with others can increase cooperation by strengthening social attachment among group members.

  9. Modal Sosial dan Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Penemuan Penderita Tuberkulosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reviono Reviono

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Tuberkulosis merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang utama di tingkat global, regional, nasional, maupun lokal. World Health Organization menggulirkan strategi directly observed treatment short course (DOTS dan strategi stop tuberculosis partnership bertujuan untuk menjangkau semua penderita tuberkulosis. Kedua strategi tersebut masih belum mampu mencapai target case detection rate (CDR secara konsisten. Penelitian ini bertujuan merumuskan model modal sosial dan partisipasi masyarakat dalam crude death rate. Sasaran penelitian adalah petugas tuberkulosis dan kader di 30 desa di Kabupaten Karanganyar, Jawa Tengah. Metode yang digunakan adalah survei dan studi kasus. Hasil penelitian survei menunjukkan, desa dengan modal sosial yang tinggi mempunyai kemungkinan untuk melampaui target CDR ≥ 70%, 9 kali lebih besar daripada desa dengan modal sosial rendah. Desa dengan partisipasi masyarakat tinggi mempunyai kemungkinan 7,5 kali lebih besar daripada desa dengan partisipasi masyarakat rendah. Hasil penelitian studi kasus menunjukkan, faktor-faktor modal sosial yang berhubungan dengan CDR terdiri dari dimensi kognitif meliputi kepercayaan dan merasa mempunyai program tuberkulosis. Dimensi relasional meliputi norma sosial, penanaman jasa pribadi, kerja sama, dan komunikasi. Dimensi struktural meliputi jejaring dan persatuan. Faktor-faktor partisipasi yang berhubungan dengan CDR meliputi identifikasi kebutuhan, menggerakan sumber daya program, dan kepemimpinan. Tuberculosis is an important public health problem of global, regional, national, and local levels. World health organization launched directly observed treatment short course (DOTS and stop tuberculosis partnership strategies aiming to reach all tuberculosis patients. Both strategies have not been able to reach the case detection rate (CDR target consistently. This research aimed to formulate a social capital and participation model in crude death rate. The target of research was the

  10. KEMAMPUAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH HUKUM GERAK NEWTON MAHASISWA MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN COOPERATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Wahyu Nurcahyo

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to describe the increase in problem-solving abilities Newton's laws of motion and students' perceptions of cooperative problem solving (CPS learning. Analysis of the data is based on the student's written answers to the five problems, the results of questionnaires and interviews. This study concluded that: (1 learning CPS make a strong impact (d-effect size = 1.81 to increase problem-solving ability of students Newton's laws of motion, (2 cooperation in the learning group CPS makes the problem easier to solve and misconceptions can be corrected. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah hukum gerak Newton, kesulitan yang dialami, dan persepsi mahasiswa terhadap pembelajaran cooperative problem solving (CPS. Analisa data didasarkan pada jawaban tertulis mahasiswa terhadap lima permasalahan, hasil angket dan wawancara. Penelitian ini berkesimpulan bahwa (1 pembelajaran CPS memberikan dampak yang kuat (d-effect size=1,81 terhadap peningkatan kemampuan pemecahan masalah hukum gerak Newton mahasiswa dan (2 kerjasama kelompok dalam pembelajaran CPS membuat permasalahan lebih mudah dipecahkan dan miskonsepsi dapat diperbaiki.

  11. Membership in cooperative societies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eba Gaminde Egia

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work we will analyze the practical application of one of the cooperative principles, «voluntary and free membership», referring to the entering of members in cooperative societies. We will first explain the meaning of this principle, and then bring up its normative regulation, with special emphasis on those aspects in which our autonomic laws differ, and ending with a brief reference to the economic aspect and the different ways to make contributions and their consequences.Received: 31 May 2017Accepted: 14 October 2017Published online: 22 December 2017

  12. Excited cooper pairs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez-Arrietea, M. G.; Solis, M. A.; De Llano, M. [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, D.F (Mexico)

    2001-02-01

    Excited cooper pairs formed in a many-fermion system are those with nonzero total center-of mass momentum (CMM). They are normally neglected in the standard Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) theory of superconductivity for being too few compared with zero CMM pairs. However, a Bose-Einstein condensation picture requires both zero and nonzero CMM pairs. Assuming a BCS model interaction between fermions we determine the populations for all CMM values of Cooper pairs by actually calculating the number of nonzero-CMM pairs relative to that of zero-CMM ones in both 2D and 3D. Although this ratio decreases rapidly with CMM, the number of Cooper pairs for any specific CMM less than the maximum (or breakup of the pair) momentum turns out to be typically larger than about 95% of those with zero-CMM at zero temperature T. Even at T {approx}100 K this fraction en 2D is still as large as about 70% for typical quasi-2D cuprate superconductor parameters. [Spanish] Los pares de cooper excitados formados en un sistema de muchos electrones, son aquellos con momentos de centro de masa (CMM) diferente de cero. Normalmente estos no son tomados en cuenta en la teoria estandar de la superconductividad de Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) al suponer que su numero es muy pequeno comparados con los pares de centro de masa igual a cero. Sin embargo, un esquema de condensacion Bose-Einstein requiere de ambos pares, con CMM cero y diferente de cero. Asumiendo una interaccion modelo BCS entre los fermiones, determinamos la poblacion de pares cooper con cada uno de todos los posibles valores del CMM calculando el numero de pares con momentos de centro de masa diferente de cero relativo a los pares de CMM igual a cero, en 2D y 3D. Aunque esta razon decrece rapidamente con el CMM, el numero de pares de cooper para cualquier CMM especifico menor que el momento maximo (o rompimiento de par) es tipicamente mas grande que el 95% de aquellos con CMM cero. Aun a T {approx}100 K esta fraccion en 2D es

  13. Introduction: cooperative learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José-Manuel Serrano

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The principal objective of this revision is the recognition of cooperative learning as a highly effective strategy for the accomplishment of the general goals in learning. The different investigations assessed validate the potential that a cooperative organization of the classroom could entail for academic achievement, self-esteem, interpersonal attraction or social support. The solidity of the existing research contributes to its external and internal validity and, thus, to conclude that the results are consistent and can be extrapolated to different cultures, ethnic groups or countries.

  14. DAMPAK NEGATIF PERKEMBANGAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMATIKA DAN KOMUNIKASI DAN CARA ANTISIFASINYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gede Ratnaya

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Sampai saat ini perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan telah menghantarkan masyarakat menuju babak baru yaitu babak yang memanfaatkan peralatan-peralatan yang merupakan hasil dari teknologi. Penggunaan tenaga manusia yang semakin hari semakin kecil volumenya sering kali menyebabkan orang kehilangan pekerjaannya karena tugasnya telah tergantikan oleh peralatan atau mesin. Sebagai sarana penyampaian informasi dan komunikasi, komputer bisa dipakai sebagai sarana berinternetan. Lewat internet orang bisa mencari bermacam-macam informasi dan berkomunikasi. Peran yang dapat diberikan oleh aplikasi teknologi informasi ini adalah mendapatkan informasi untuk kehidupan pribadi seperti informasi tentang kesehatan, hobi, rekreasi, dan rohani. Selain memberikan keuntungan, ternyata peralatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi juga memberikan dampak negatif bagi penggunanya. Dampak negatif tersebut muncul sebagai akibat dari penggunaan yang salah atau tidak bertanggung jawab dari yang menggunakan. Beberapa dampak negatif tersebut adalah 1. Anak lebih banyak menghabiskan waktu menonton TV ketimbang melakukan hal lainnya (seperti belajar dan olah raga, 2. Anak kehilangan kemampuan berbaur dengan masyarakat dan cenderung nyaman dengan kehidupan online, 3 Adanya pelanggaran hak cipta, 4.  Kejahatan di internet, 5. Penyebaran virus komputer, dan 6. Pornografi, perjudian, penipuan, tayangan kekerasan. Adapun cara mengatasi dampak-dampak negatif tersebut adalah : 1. Gunakan teknologi untuk menjalin hubungan dengan orang yang sudah dikenal, 2. Cari komunitas positif  yang sering melakukan pertemuan didunia nyata, 3. Perlunya penegakkan hukum yang berlaku dengan dibentuknya polisi internet, 4. Menghindari pemakaian telepon seluler yang berfitur canggih oleh anak-anak dibawah umur dan lebih mengawasi penggunaan telepon seluler, 5. Perbanyak membaca buku-buku yang bersifat edukatif dan bersifat keimanan serta aplikasi komputer yang bersifat mendidik, dan 6. Perlunya pengaturan

  15. Cooperatives between truth and validity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Krueger

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The current declaration of the International Cooperative Alliance on cooperative identity since its 1995 Centennial Conference (which was held in Manchester makes no distinction between cooperation and cooperative. The lack of distinction between cooperation and cooperative has caused the Decennial Cooperative Action Plan to define cooperatives as a form, while their materiality is regarded as managerial: a business (activity under a cooperative form. An identity that is close to us cannot be reduced to form, without this being a problem. Therefore, the value underlying this identity —cooperation— must have a substantial basis, even if it is idealised, if it is to affect us.Received: 27.03.2014Accepted: 12.05.2014

  16. KETERGANTUNGAN ONLINE GAME DAN PENANGANANNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridwan Syahran

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui perilaku yang ditimbulkan dari kecanduan bermaian online game pada siswa SMP Negeri 1 Palu yang meliputi faktor-faktor penyebab kecanduan, keadaan psikologis yang ditimbulkan dari kecanduan bermain online game dan dampak-dampak yang ditimbulkan dari kecanduan bermain online game.Pendekatan penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian studi kasus dengan berdasarkan responden dan informan sebagai bahan sumber data. Dalam proses pengumpulan data digunakan teknik observasi dan wawancara, dimana setelah data diperoleh selanjutnya dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis deskriptif kualitatif.Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini, bahwa subyek (RZ dan (MT, kedua subyek penelitian menjadi ketergantungan atau kecanduan untuk bermain online game yang dikarenakan tersedianya beberapa fasilitas pendukung untuk bermain game di rumah, adanya faktor sosial dari pertemanan dengan teman bermain dan keingintahuan yang sangat besar terhadap suatu jenis game. Penanganan ketergantungan game online dengan bantuan dari berbagai pihak terutama pihak sekolah memberikan kepercayaan kepada konselor sekolah atau guru BK untuk mengadakan seminar kepada orang tua siswa tentang game online dan masalah yang akan ditimbulkan, mengatur waktu belajar dan bermain anak, memasukkan materi tentang game online dan dampaknya kepada siswa serta memberikan penyaluran yang baik dalam memilih game yang edukatif serta Menjalin komunikasi interpersonal agar anak dapat terbuka dengan orang tua.

  17. The Effect of Cooperative Learning Model Script and Think-Pair-Share to Critical Thinking Skills, Social Attitude and Learning Outcomes Cognitive Biology of multiethnic High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didimus Tanah Boleng

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Cooperative Script dan Think-Pair-Share terhadap Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis, Sikap Sosial, dan Hasil Belajar Kognitif Biologi Siswa SMA Multietnis   Abstract: Biological learning process with multiethnic students requires a learning models which allow students to work independently, to work together in small groups, and to share with other groups. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of learning models, ethnicity, and the interaction of learning model and ethnic on critical thinking skills, social attitudes, and cognitive achievement. This quasi experimental study was conducted in 11th grade of Natural Science Class Highschool students with six ethnicaly and Junior Highschool National score groups consisted of 132 samples. The results of Covarian Analysis showed that the learning models significantly affected the social attitudes and increased the critical thinking skills and cognitive achievement. Ethnicity significantly affected the social attitudes and cognitive achievement. Interaction of learning models and ethnicity significantly affected students social attitudes. Key Words: cooperative script, think-pair-share, critical thinking skills, social attitudes, biology cognitive achievement, multiethnic students Abstrak: Pengelolaan proses pembelajaran biologi pada siswa multietnis memerlukan model pembelajaran yang memungkinkan siswa bekerja mandiri, bekerja sama dalam kelompok kecil, dan berbagi dengan kelompok lain. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh model pembelajaran, etnis, serta interaksi model pembelajaran dan etnis terhadap keterampilan berpikir kritis, sikap sosial, dan hasil belajar kognitif biologi siswa. Penelitian eksperimen semu ini dilakukan di kelas XI IPA SMA dengan sampel sebanyak 132 orang siswa terbagi dalam enam kelas yang homogen berdasarkan etnis dan nilai ujian nasional SMP siswa. Hasil analisis data dengan menggunakan Analisis Kovarian menunjukkan bahwa model

  18. KEEFEKTIVAN PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN PEMBELAJARAN AKTIF, KREATIF, EFEKTIF, DAN MENYENANGKAN (PAKEM DENGAN MEDIA COMPACT DISK (CD INTERAKTIF DALAM MATA DIKLAT IPS EKONOMI POKOK BAHASAN PERMINTAAN DAN PENAWARAN PADA SISWA KELAS XI SMK YP 17 MAGELANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asep Saifuddin

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Koperasi sekolah di SMP Negeri 2 Pandaan kurang mendapatkan perhatian dan ini mengakibatkan koperasi sekolah kurang bisa berkembang. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah apa yang menyebabkan koperasi sekolah kurang bisa berkembang, serta bagaimana strategi yang sesuai untuk melakukan revitalisasi koperasi sekolah di SMP Negeri 2 Pandaan. Analisis dalam penelitian ini menggunakan alat analisis SWOT. Kesimpulan adalah penyebab koperasi sekolah di SMP Negeri 2 Pandaan tidak bisa berkembang dengan baik, karena masih memiliki kelemahan berupa pola manajemen yang kurang tepat dan kurangnya modal. Strategi yang digunakan yaitu memanfaatkan kekuatan yang dimiliki untuk mendapatkan peluang, dan meminimalisir kelemahan koperasi untuk mengantisipasi ancaman. . Cooperative School in SMP Negeri 2 Pandaan received less attention and this make less developed cooperative school. So the issue is what is causing the lack of school cooperatives can grow, and how appropriate strategies to revitalize the cooperative school in SMP Negeri 2 Pandaan. The analysis in this study using a SWOT analysis. In conclusion the cause of school cooperatives in SMP Negeri 2 Pandaan not been able to thrive, as it still has drawbacks such as the lack of proper management pattern and capital. The strategy used is utilizing the strength to get opportunities, and minimize the weaknesses of cooperatives to anticipate threats

  19. PENGETAHUAN DAN PERILAKU KONSUMSI MAHASISWA PUTRA TINGKAT PERSIAPAN BERSAMA IPB TENTANG MONOSODIUM GLUTAMAT DAN KEAMANANNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Mita Dwi Saraswati

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to analyze the knowledge and consumption behaviour of the first year boy students of IPB on Monosodium Glutamate (MSG and its safety. Data were collected using self administered questionnaire. Questionnaires were given to the students through cooperation with one of internal club in IPB’s Dormitory. There were 1 324 questionnaires that were given, but only 808 questionnaires were collected back and 24 of them not filled out completely. Thus there were 784 questionnaires that qualified to be research data. Knowledge on MSG and its safety was classified into 3 levels of knowledge, such as low (80% of total score. The results showed that most students have low level of knowledge on the MSG (81.4% and it’s safety (94.3%. However, most of them frequently consume foods containing MSG (39—86%. Level of knowledge on MSG is not correlated to consumption behavior of MSG (p>0.05.Key words: consumption behavior, knowledge, Monosodium Glutamate (MSGABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengetahuan dan perilaku mahasiswa putra Tingkat Persiapan Bersama (TPB IPB tentang Monosodium Glutamat (MSG dan keamanannya. Data penelitian diperoleh melalui kuesioner yang diisi sendiri oleh mahasiswa putra. Penyebaran kuesioner dilakukan melalui kerjasama dengan salah satu klub internal Asrama Putra TPB. Kuesioner survei diberikan kepada seluruh mahasiswa putra, yaitu sebanyak 1 324 orang. Jumlah mahasiswa yang mengisi kuesioner adalah 808 orang, namun 24 orang diantara- nya tidak mengisi kuesioner dengan lengkap sehingga diperoleh 784 orang sebagai subjek dalam penelitian ini. Tingkat pengetahuan tentang MSG dan keamanannya diklasifikasikan menjadi tiga, yaitu tingkat pengetahuan kurang (skor total80%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar mahasiswa putra mempunyai tingkat pengetahuan yang rendah tentang MSG (81.4% dan keamanan MSG (94.3%, namun sebagian besar dari mereka (39—86% juga sering mengonsumsi

  20. Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperii)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jean-Luc E. Cartron; Patricia L. Kennedy; Rob Yaksich; Scott H. Stoleson

    2010-01-01

    The Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperii) is intermediate in size between the Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) and the Sharp-shinned Hawk (A. striatus), northern North America's other two accipiters. The two sexes are almost alike in plumage, but as in both of the other species, the female is noticeably larger. According to Wheeler and Clark (1995), a...

  1. Innovation, Translation, and Cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Xiaobing

    2016-03-01

    The 9th Wound Healing and Tissue Repair and Regeneration Annual Meeting of Chinese Tissue Repair Society was hold in Wuhan, China. This meeting was focused on the innovation, translation application, and cooperation in wound care both in China and other countries. More than 400 delegates took part in this meeting and communicated successfully. © The Author(s) 2014.

  2. Combat or Cooperation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tate, Thomas F.; Copas, Randall L.

    2010-01-01

    The best intentioned efforts of adults are often sabotaged by coercive climates of bullying among peers and conflict with adults. The solution is to create cultures where youth cooperate with authority and treat one another with respect. In this article, the authors stress the task of the staff to create a condition in which students see more…

  3. Predicting Human Cooperation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John J Nay

    Full Text Available The Prisoner's Dilemma has been a subject of extensive research due to its importance in understanding the ever-present tension between individual self-interest and social benefit. A strictly dominant strategy in a Prisoner's Dilemma (defection, when played by both players, is mutually harmful. Repetition of the Prisoner's Dilemma can give rise to cooperation as an equilibrium, but defection is as well, and this ambiguity is difficult to resolve. The numerous behavioral experiments investigating the Prisoner's Dilemma highlight that players often cooperate, but the level of cooperation varies significantly with the specifics of the experimental predicament. We present the first computational model of human behavior in repeated Prisoner's Dilemma games that unifies the diversity of experimental observations in a systematic and quantitatively reliable manner. Our model relies on data we integrated from many experiments, comprising 168,386 individual decisions. The model is composed of two pieces: the first predicts the first-period action using solely the structural game parameters, while the second predicts dynamic actions using both game parameters and history of play. Our model is successful not merely at fitting the data, but in predicting behavior at multiple scales in experimental designs not used for calibration, using only information about the game structure. We demonstrate the power of our approach through a simulation analysis revealing how to best promote human cooperation.

  4. Supranational Cooperation in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Deugd, Nienke; Stamm, Katharina; Westerman, Wim

    The sovereign debt crisis and the euro crisis have prompted heads of state and government in Europe to intensify supranational cooperation. However, some political leaders and policy makers aim for more. They propose the introduction of a common European economic government that would prevent Europe

  5. Indian Ocean Rim Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wippel, Steffen

    Since the mid-1990s, the Indian Ocean has been experiencing increasing economic cooperation among its rim states. Middle Eastern countries, too, participate in the work of the Indian Ocean Rim Association, which received new impetus in the course of the current decade. Notably Oman is a very active...

  6. Designs for Cooperative Interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogarty, Robin

    Educators are moving toward models of instruction that contain a myriad of interaction patterns among teachers and students. This shift from didactic teaching models to intensely involving designs is difficult for teachers, but is made easier if seen as a gradual change. This book provides an overview of 12 cooperative interaction designs for the…

  7. Non-Cooperative Games

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Damme, E.E.C.

    2014-01-01

    We describe non-cooperative game models and discuss game theoretic solution concepts. Some applications are also noted. Conventional theory focuses on the question ‘how will rational players play?’, and has the Nash equilibrium at its core. We discuss this concept and its interpretations, as well as

  8. Robust Dynamic Cooperative Games

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bauso, D.; Timmer, Judith B.

    2006-01-01

    Classical cooperative game theory is no longer a suitable tool for those situations where the values of coalitions are not known with certainty. Recent works address situations where the values of coalitions are modelled by random variables. In this work we still consider the values of coalitions as

  9. Does intuition cause cooperation?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.P.J.L. Verkoeijen (Peter); S. Bouwmeester (Samantha)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractRecently, researchers claimed that people are intuitively inclined to cooperate with reflection causing them to behave selfishly. Empirical support for this claim came from experiments using a 4-player public goods game with a marginal return of 0.5 showing that people contributed more

  10. Evolution, epigenetics and cooperation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-08-26

    Aug 26, 2016 ... Keywords. Cooperation; epigenetics; evolution; levels of selection ... The domain part of the email address of all email addresses used by the office of Indian Academy of Sciences, including those of the staff, the journals, various programmes, and Current Science, has changed from 'ias.ernet.in' (or ...

  11. Can war foster cooperation?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bauer, Michal; Blattman, C.; Chytilová, Julie; Henrich, J.; Miguel, E.; Mitts, T.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 30, č. 3 (2016), s. 249-274 ISSN 0895-3309 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP402/12/G130 Institutional support: RVO:67985998 Keywords : war * conflict * cooperation Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 5.727, year: 2016

  12. Cooperative social capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Acera Manero

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Social capital consists of the contributions of members and associates, both mandatory and voluntary. From an accounting point of view, it is a liability figure that expresses the value of a portion of the equity of the cooperative. Its inclusion in the liability is not the fact that it is a debt but by its nature unenforceable.

  13. Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Dan Kedokteran Pencegahan

    OpenAIRE

    Rivai, SKM, M.Kes

    2009-01-01

    Winslow, Profesor kesehatan masyarakat pada Yale University pada tahun 1920 mendefinisikan (Leavel and Clark, 1958): Kesehatan masyarakat (public health) adalah ilmu dan seni mencegah penyakit, memperpanjang hidup, meningkatkan kesehatan fisik dan mental, dan efisiensi melalui usaha masyarakat yang terorganisir untuk meningkatkan sanitasi lingkungan, kontrol infeksi di masyarakat, pendidikan individu tentang kebersihan perorangan, pengorganisasian pelayanan medis dan perawatan, untuk diagnosa...

  14. Fasilitas Edukasi dan Rekreasi Kalimas di Surabaya

    OpenAIRE

    Harsono, Meiliana Sutanto

    2013-01-01

    Fasilitas Edukasi dan Rekreasi Kalimas di Surabaya” merupakan fasilitas yang bertujuan mengenalkan dan mengedukasi masyarakat mengenai manfaat, permasalahan, dan sejarah Kalimas secara interaktif dengan memanfaatkan air olahan sungai Kalimas. Fasilitas ini diharapkan mampu mengangkat keberadaan sungai Kalimas di kawasan Dinoyo yang juga merupakan salah satu titik rencana revitalisasi Kalimas oleh Pemerintah kota. Karya desain arsitektur dan pendalaman ruang yang didesain diharapkan mampu meny...

  15. [Social cooperatives in Italy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villotti, P; Zaniboni, S; Fraccaroli, F

    2014-06-01

    This paper describes the role of social cooperatives in Italy as a type of economic, non-profit organization and their role in contributing to the economic and social growth of the country. The purpose of this paper is to learn more about the experience of the Italian social cooperatives in promoting the work integration process of disadvantaged workers, especially those suffering from mental disorders, from a theoretical and an empirical point of view. Social enterprise is the most popular and consolidated legal and organizational model for social enterprises in Italy, introduced by Law 381/91. Developed during the early 1980s, and formally recognized by law in the early 1990s, social cooperatives aim at pursuing the general interest of the community to promote the human needs and social inclusion of citizens. They are orientated towards aims that go beyond the interest of the business owners, the primary beneficiary of their activities is the community, or groups of disadvantaged people. In Italy, Law 381/91 distinguishes between two categories of social cooperatives, those producing goods of social utility, such as culture, welfare and educational services (A-type), and those providing economic activities for the integration of disadvantaged people into employment (B-type). The main purpose of B-type social cooperatives is to integrate disadvantaged people into the open labour market. This goal is reached after a period of training and working experience inside the firm, during which the staff works to improve both the social and professional abilities of disadvantaged people. During the years, B-type social co-ops acquired a particular relevance in the care of people with mental disorders by offering them with job opportunities. Having a job is central in the recovery process of people suffering from mental diseases, meaning that B-type social co-ops in Italy play an important rehabilitative and integrative role for this vulnerable population of workers. The

  16. Some magnetic resonance properties of solutions of sodium in liquid ammonia; Contribution a l'etude des solutions de sodium dans l'ammoniac liquide par resonance magnetique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lambert, C. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-02-01

    Dilute solutions of sodium in liquid ammonia are studied by the mean of dynamic polarization techniques, and with the aid of Becker Lindquist and Alder model. Paramagnetic shifts are computed as a function of the 'average spin density', for each of the nuclear spin system. The nuclear contributions to the Overhauser shift are computed in the same way. A theoretical study of the main relaxation processes is carried out for each of the nuclear spin system and for the electronic spin system. The dynamic polarization experiments consist in classical measurement of the Overhauser enhancement for nitrogen, and in direct measurements of nitrogen Knight shift and nuclear contributions to the Overhauser shift by the mean of double irradiation techniques. The results show that, in dilute solutions, the relaxation of nitrogen arises from quadrupole interaction and from hyperfine interaction with unpaired electrons. Both interactions are of the same order of magnitude. Overhauser shift measurements show that the spin density is negative at the proton site, in agreement with Hughes results. (author) [French] Les solutions diluees de sodium dans l'ammoniac sont etudiees au moyen des techniques de la polarisation dynamique, sur la base du modele de Becker Lindquist et Aider. Les deplacements paramagnetiques des raies de resonance nucleaire des differents noyaux sont analyses en faisant appel a la notion de ''densite moyenne de spin'' introduite par l'auteur; et les differentes contributions nucleaires au deplacement d'Overhauser sont calculees en fonction de cette meme grandeur. Une etude theorique de la relaxation de chaque systeme de spin permet d'evaluer l'importance relative des differents mecanismes mis en jeu. Les experiences de polarisation dynamique effectuees au cours de ce travail consistent en mesures classiques de l'effet Overhauser sur l'azote, d'une part, et en la mise en oeuvre de techniques

  17. Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucleaires. From academic to vocational: specificity and vision

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Turpin, Laurent

    2008-01-01

    - What is INSTN?: Teaching and training service of CEA; Capability of awarding degrees; Stand-alone: only specialty degrees; Partnership with universities and Engineer schools: master degrees; Professional training operator for CEA and for SMEs. - Corner stones for the next future (5-10 years): increasing the capability in nuclear training (Nuclear skills for nuclear engineers (reactor physics,...), factor 3-4, Nuclear skills for non-nuclear engineers (civil works, project management,...), All stakeholders have to do more (Academics on basic knowledge (have to prepare to a wide range of positions), Specialty institutes on specialized knowledge (before the job and on the job), Internal programs on proprietary programs), optimizing the resources (No false hope: more training means higher costs but does not mean nuclear companies will lay golden eggs; Availability of teaching resource and capability of internship tutoring could be bottlenecks; Trained/graduate production must match actual human resources needs). - A strategy for INSTN: Academic partnerships, to implement nuclear modules within training programs; With companies, a stakeholder-shareholder joint venture model for postgraduate training; Open to European and offshore cooperation

  18. Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucleaires. From academic to vocational: specificity and vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turpin, Laurent [Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucleaires - INSTN, CEA-Saclay (France)

    2008-07-01

    - What is INSTN?: Teaching and training service of CEA; Capability of awarding degrees; Stand-alone: only specialty degrees; Partnership with universities and Engineer schools: master degrees; Professional training operator for CEA and for SMEs. - Corner stones for the next future (5-10 years): increasing the capability in nuclear training (Nuclear skills for nuclear engineers (reactor physics,...), factor 3-4, Nuclear skills for non-nuclear engineers (civil works, project management,...), All stakeholders have to do more (Academics on basic knowledge (have to prepare to a wide range of positions), Specialty institutes on specialized knowledge (before the job and on the job), Internal programs on proprietary programs), optimizing the resources (No false hope: more training means higher costs but does not mean nuclear companies will lay golden eggs; Availability of teaching resource and capability of internship tutoring could be bottlenecks; Trained/graduate production must match actual human resources needs). - A strategy for INSTN: Academic partnerships, to implement nuclear modules within training programs; With companies, a stakeholder-shareholder joint venture model for postgraduate training; Open to European and offshore cooperation.

  19. Nucleaire et Energies Nr 67 - December 2015. COP21: diplomatic success, a first step

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lenail, Bernard; Ducroux, Guy; Salanave, Jean-Luc; Seyve, Claude; Simonnet, Jacques; Justin, Francois; Salanave, Jean-Luc; Darricau, Aime; Raisonnier, Daniele; Deleigne, Francoise; Lepine, Gerard; Witkowski, Didier; Knoche, Philippe

    2015-12-01

    After a first article which comments the results of the Paris Climate Conference (COP21), two articles address recent evolutions in the energy sector: an overview of recent evolutions (perspective for oil reserves, relationship between Gazprom and the EU, news about wind and solar energy in Europe, India, and in France with the most powerful European photovoltaic installation near Bordeaux, electricity prices, reduction of taxes on solar and wind energy foreseen for 2017), and a comparison between renewable energies and the EPR in terms of investment profitability. Three articles concern nuclear activities: recent events about reactors (IAEA forecast, situation and debates in France, Belgium, UK, Sweden, Romania, Slovenia, Russia, Ukraine, Iran, Emirates, Egypt, China, South Korea, Japan, and USA, cooperation between Argentina and China), about the back-end of the fuel cycle and decommissioning activities (activities and situation of different French facilities, activities and contracts in Japan, UK, USA, Taiwan, China, Finland, India and Spain), and the content of the IAEA report on the Fukushima accident. Articles comment issues concerning the relationship between nuclear and society: a comment about the use of the term 'green' and on what is green in nuclear, the recent evolutions negotiations on the issue of the Iranian nuclear industry with respect to non-proliferation, and a comment of the perception of climate change by French people as expressed by different surveys. A last article outlines that Areva will remain a world leader on the long term

  20. Situation of nuclear industry in Japan; La situation du nucleaire au Japon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-03-01

    This document presents the situation of nuclear industry in Japan: cooperation with France in the domain of the fuel cycle (in particular the back-end) and of for the industrial R and D about fast reactors and nuclear safety; present day situation characterized by a series of incidents in the domain of nuclear safety and by an administrative reorganization of the research and safety organizations; power of local representatives, results of April 2003 elections, liberalization of the electric power sector, impact of the TEPCO affair (falsification of safety reports) on the nuclear credibility, re-start up of the Monju reactor delayed by judicial procedures, stopping of the program of MOX fuel loading in Tepco's reactors, discovery of weld defects in the newly built Rokkasho-mura reprocessing plant, an ambitious program of reactors construction, the opportunity of Russian weapons dismantling for the re-launching of sodium-cooled fast reactors; the competition between France and Japan for the setting up of ITER reactor and its impact of the French/Japanese partnership. (J.S.)

  1. Cooperation and cheating in microbes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gore, Jeff

    2011-03-01

    Understanding the cooperative and competitive dynamics within and between species is a central challenge in evolutionary biology. Microbial model systems represent a unique opportunity to experimentally test fundamental theories regarding the evolution of cooperative behaviors. In this talk I will describe our experiments probing cooperation in microbes. In particular, I will compare the cooperative growth of yeast in sucrose and the cooperative inactivation of antibiotics by bacteria. In both cases we find that cheater strains---which don't contribute to the public welfare---are able to take advantage of the cooperator strains. However, this ability of cheaters to out-compete cooperators occurs only when cheaters are present at low frequency, thus leading to steady-state coexistence. These microbial experiments provide fresh insight into the evolutionary origin of cooperation.

  2. Cooperating for assisting intelligently operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brezillon, P.; Cases, E.; CEA Centre d'Etudes de la Vallee du Rhone, 30 - Marcoule

    1995-01-01

    We are in the process of an intelligent cooperative system in a nuclear plant application. The system must cooperate with an operator who accomplishes a task of supervision of a real-world process. We point out in the paper that a cooperation between a cooperative system and an operator has two modes: a waking state and a participating state. During the waking state, the system observes the operator's behavior and the consequences on the process. During the participation state, the cooperative system builds jointly with the user a solution to the problem. In our approach, the cooperation depends on the system capabilities to explain, to incrementally acquire knowledge and to make explicit the context of the cooperation. We develop these ideas in the framework of the design of the cooperative system in the nuclear plant. (authors). 22 refs., 1 fig

  3. RESISTENSI AGAMA DAN BUDAYA MASYARAKAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Samiyono

    2013-12-01

    Interaksi antar etnis, agama dan budaya bukanlah barang langka di Bali. Sejak semula hal tersebut sudah ada, ketika pulau ini menjadi locus perdagangan hasil bumi. Sebab sesungguhnya kebudayaan Bali menjujung tinggi nilai-nilai keseimbangan dan harmonisasi antar manusia dengan Tuhan (perhyangan, dengan sesama (pawongan dan dengan lingkungan (palemahan. Konsep ini disebut Tri hita karana. Bali kini berubah. Budayanya berorientasi pada jasa, yang berkait dengan industri pariwisata. Sikap orang Bali kini tidak lagi ramah dan harmoni. Akibat ledakan bom dalam bulan Oktober 2002 dan 2005, masyarakat lebih berhati-hati terhadap para pendatang. Ajeg Bali merupakan kearifan lokal –agama dan budaya– masyarakat Bali dalam rangka menanggulangi pengaruh luar yang mengakibatkan perubahan di berbagai bidang sehingga identitas kebalian mengalami degradasi. Ajeg Bali merupakan bentuk resistensi masyar­akat Bali dalam rangka membatasi pendatang dari luar Bali. Kajian ini berusaha untuk menjawab pertanyaan “apakah Ajeg Bali, sebuah kearifan lokal masyarakat Bali dapat membendung pengaruh budaya, agama dan ekonomi masyarakat Bali?”

  4. CTBTO international cooperation workshop

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    The International Cooperation Workshop took place in Vienna, Austria, on 16 and 17 November 1998, with the participation of 104 policy/decision makers, Research and Development managers and diplomatic representatives from 58 States Signatories to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). The Workshop attempted to develop Treaty stipulations to: promote cooperation to facilitate and participate in the fullest possible exchange relating to technologies used in the verification of the Treaty; enable member states to strengthen national implementation of verification measures, and to benefit from the application of such technologies for peaceful purposes. The potential benefits arising from the CTBT monitoring, analysis and data communication systems are multifaceted, and as yet unknown. This Workshop provided the opportunity to examine some of these possibilities. An overview of the CTBT verification regime on the general aspects of the four monitoring technologies (seismic, hydro-acoustic, infrasound and radionuclides), including some of the elements that are the subject of international cooperation, were presented and discussed. Questions were raised on the potential benefits that can be derived by participating in the CTBT regime and broad-based discussions took place. Several concrete proposals on ways and means to facilitate and promote cooperation among States Signatories were suggested. The main points discussed by the participants can be summarized as follows: the purpose of the CTBT Organization is to assist member states to monitor Treaty compliance; the CTBT can be a highly effective technological tool which can generate wide-ranging data, which can be used for peaceful purposes; there are differences in the levels of technology development in the member states that is why peaceful applications should be supported by the Prep Com for the benefit of all member states, whether developed or developing, training being a key element to optimize the CTBT

  5. International cooperation for operating safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dupuis, M.C.

    1989-03-01

    The international-cooperation organization in nuclear safety domain is discussed. The nuclear energy Direction Committee is helped by the Security Committee for Nuclear Power Plants in the cooperation between security organizations of member countries and in the safety and nuclear activity regulations. The importance of the cooperation between experts in human being and engine problems is underlined. The applied methods, exchange activities and activity analysis, and the cooperation of the Nuclear Energy Agency and international organizations is analysed [fr

  6. PENGARUH SALING KETERGANTUNGAN KEPERCAYAAN dan KESELERASAN TUJUAN TERHADAP KOOPERASI dan KINERJA PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR pada HUBUNGAN KONTRAKTUAL dengan PEMASOKNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arsono Laksmana

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is to analize the effect and implication of some behavioral characteristics toward companies performance in a relational contracting between manufacturing companies and their suppliers. This study is developed from the relational contracting model. Independent variables in this study are some behavioral characteristics that consist of interdependency, trust, and goal congruence. The effect of these variables is tested against companies performance through cooperation variable. Based on the theoritical model that is proposed in this research, the statistical techniques used in this study are multivariate correlation, regression analysis, and path analysis. These statistical techniques are used to analyze the data and test the hypothesis. The population are manufacturing companies that have contractual agreement with their suppliers simultaneously for at least one year and the material purchased must have dominant effect on the production process. The sample of 51 manufacturing companies in Jawa and Kalimantan are selected purposively. This research uses questionnaire with modified Likert scale into six scales of measurement. The results of statistical testing of four hypothesis show that three null hypothesis are rejected and, there for, performance hypothesis is accepted. There are significant and positive relationship between interdependency and cooperation, between trust and cooperation, and between cooperation and companies performance. One null hypothesis is not rejected, that is, goal congruence. The interdependency and companies performance which is not defined as a hypothesis before, results in the significant positive relationship. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Studi ini menganalisis pengaruh dan implikasi beberapa karakteristik perilaku terhadap kinerja perusahaan dalam hubungan kontraktual antara perusahaan manufaktur dan pemasok. Penelitian ini dikembangkan dari kerangka hubungan kontraktual (relational contracting

  7. Cooperative arbitration under Spanish law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaume Martí Miravalls

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to analyze the cooperative arbitration as an alternative means of conflict resolution. The research could be divided into two blocks: the first controversial issues related to the figure of the cooperative arbitration are analyzed. In the second block the current legal regime of the cooperative arbitration, which is basically develops regional.

  8. Cooperative Learning: Developments in Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillies, Robyn M.

    2014-01-01

    Cooperative learning is widely recognized as a pedagogical practice that promotes socialization and learning among students from kindergarten through to college level and across different subject areas. Cooperative learning involves students working together to achieve common goals or complete group tasks. Interest in cooperative learning has…

  9. Cooperative Learning in Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slavin, Robert E.

    2015-01-01

    Cooperative learning refers to instructional methods in which students work in small groups to help each other learn. Although cooperative learning methods are used for different age groups, they are particularly popular in elementary (primary) schools. This article discusses methods and theoretical perspectives on cooperative learning for the…

  10. Forestry Cooperatives: Organization and Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Simon, Donald M.; Scoville, Orlin J.

    1982-01-01

    This study describes organizational structure, functions, and facilities of forestry cooperatives in the United States. It evaluates their economic performance and explores current problem areas and potentials for future development. Cooperative organization provides woodland owners professional forestry assistance, in terms of forest management, marketing, and educational activities. Some cooperatives consistently provide these services at less than prevailing rates and obtain higher than av...

  11. Cooperative competition for future mobility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nunen, E. van; Kwakkernaat, M.R.J.A.E.; Ploeg, J.; Netten, B.D.

    2012-01-01

    In May 2011, the Grand Cooperative Driving Challenge (GCDC) was held, providing the possibility for teams to develop and compare their cooperative driving solutions in a competitive setting. The challenge was organized to further accelerate developments in the area of cooperative driving. Nine

  12. Enlightening Advantages of Cooperative Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faryadi, Qais

    2007-01-01

    This appraisal discusses the notion that cooperative learning enhances learners' emotional and social performance. It also observes the perception that cooperative learning dramatically improves students' academic accomplishment. This review also examines the definition of cooperative learning and attempts to define it through the lens of renowned…

  13. Cooperative functions: meeting members' needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mark G. Rickenbach

    2006-01-01

    Cooperatives are effective when they meet the needs of the members. In past and current offerings by cooperatives as a whole and forestry cooperatives in particular, four functional categories cover the typical services a forest landowner might gain access to through joining (Cobia 1989). The four categories - marketing, supply, service, and social - are defined and...

  14. Gender and Cooperation in Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cardenas, Juan-Camilo; Dreber, Anna; Essen, Emma von

    2014-01-01

    between Colombia and Sweden overall. However, Colombian girls cooperate less than Swedish girls. We also find indications that girls in Colombia are less cooperative than boys. Finally, there is also a tendency for children to be more cooperative with boys than with girls on average....

  15. GAMBARAN JENIS DAN JUMLAH KONSUMSI FAST FOOD DAN SOFT DRINK PADA MAHASISWA OBESITAS DI UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN

    OpenAIRE

    Suryanti, Rut; Jafar, Nurhaedar; Syam, Aminuddin

    2013-01-01

    Konsumsi fast food dan soft drink dapat menyebabkan kelebihan berat badan dan obesitas.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran jenis dan jumlah zat gizi makro dari konsumsi fast food dan soft drink pada mahasiswa yang obesitas.Jenis penelitian adalah deskriptif, dilaksanakan pada bulan Mei-Juni 2013 di Universitas Hasanuddin dengan jumlah responden 60 orang. Instrument penelitian adalah kuesioner identitas diri dan food frekuensiSemiQuantitatif fast food dan soft drink, food pictur...

  16. DAYA SAING DAN STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN MINYAK SAWIT DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jauhar Samudera Nayantakaningtyas

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe aims of this study were to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian Crude palm oil CPO products in the international market and to analyze the strategy to improve the competitiveness of Indonesian CPO. The analysis methods used this research were descriptive qualitative methods. The tools used to analyze the competitiveness of palm oil is Revealed Comparative Advantages and Porter Diamond Theory, while the development of the strategy used to determine the SWOT method. Based on the analysis of Porter's Diamond System and revealed comparative advantages, this study concluded that the competitiveness of Indonesian CPO was pretty strong, but it still needed a strategy to strengthen its competitiveness especially on derivative products. Some of the routine strategies that need to be done every year, are the development of the CPO industry human resources through training and innovation activities, paying attention to national and international issues by improving government policies, downstream industrial development and palm oil value-added increase, enhance cooperation with manufacturers from other countries through promotions.Keywords: crude palm oil, competitiveness, strategy, analysis of porter's diamondABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis daya saing produk Crude Palm Oil (CPO Indonesia di pasar internasional dan menganalisis strategi peningkatan daya saing CPO Indonesia. Metode pengolahan dan analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif. Alat  yang digunakan untuk menganalisis daya saing minyak sawit  adalah Revealed Comparative Advantages dan Teori Berlian Porter, sedangkan untuk mengetahui strategi pengembangan digunakan metode SWOT. Hasil analisis Sistem Berlian Porter dan revealed comparative advantages disimpulkan bahwa daya saing CPO Indonesia cukup kuat, namun masih diperlukan adanya strategi untuk memperkuat terutama pada produk turunan CPO. Strategi rutin yang harus

  17. Dua Dunia Seni: Industri Kreatif Fesyen di Bandung dan Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rochman Achwan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Many countries, including Indonesia, have paid attention to support the developmentof creative industry. Economic sociologists and sociologits of art have done researches on dynamics of this industry for quite sometime. By employing concepts of Art World and institutional (social networks, this study attempts to answer two important questions. First, how do dynamics of social relationships within Art Worlds occur in an arena of fashion creative industries in Bandung and Bali? Second, to what extent local government plays roles in the drive of development of this industry in both areas? The main focus of this study is distro fashion industry in Bandung and Balinese fine clothing in Bali. Extended case method has been used to collect data from various actors. Fifty key informants in each area have been interviewed. This study reveals that the Art Worlds of fashion industries in both areas need to re-invent themselves so that they are capable of inovating their methods of production and distribution. Moreover, local governments need to facilitate a constructive development of social networks among fashion producers. The future of creative fashion industry will depend on the maturity of social networks that signified by innovative cooperation between local governments and societies of fashion industries.Banyak negara termasuk Indonesia menaruh perhatian dalam mendorong perkembangan industri kreatif. Ahli sosiologi ekonomi dan ahli sosiologi seni sudah lama meneliti dinamika perkembangan industri ini. Dengan menggunakan konsep Dunia Seni (Art World dan konsep jaringan kelembagaan, studi ini berusaha menjawab dua pertanyaan penting. Pertama, bagaimana dinamika Dunia Seni, termasuk jaringan sosial, di arena industri kreatif fesyen di Bandung dan Bali? Kedua, seberapa jauh peran pemerintah dalam mendorong perkembangan industri kreatif dibidang fesyen di Bandung dan Bali? Dua daerah tersebut dipilih karena secara historis dikenal sebagai daerah industri

  18. SEJARAH DAN PERKEMBANGAN FILSAFAT ILMU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaidir Anwar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Menjelaskan dinamuka dan perkembangan filsafat ilmu merupakan tujuan penulisan ini. Metode penelitian normatif (doctrinal research dengan menggunakan bahan hukum primer, sekunder dan tersier yang dikumpulkan melalui studi pustaka yang kemudian dianalisis dengan pendekatan sejarah (historical approach dan filosofis (fhylosofy approach dipergunakan untuk menemukan jawaban atas tujuan tersebut. Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa sejarah perkembangaan filsafat ilmu tidak dapat dilepaskan dengan sejarah filsafat tu sendiri, khususnya filsafat barat. perkembangan foilsafat barat dibagi menjadi 4 (empat periodesasi yaitu: (a zaman yunani kuno (b zaman abad pertengahan (c zaman abad moderen (d zaman abad kontemporer.

  19. DIAGNOSIS DAN PENATALAKSAAN SPONDILITIS TUBERKULOSA

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    I Ketut Suyasa

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Spondilitis tuberculosis merupakan fokus sekunder infeksi tuberculosis yang mengenai tulang belakang. Keterlibatan tulang belakang akan dapat memperberat morbiditas karena adanya potensi defsit neurologis dan deformitas yang permanent. Diagnosis ditegakkan berdasarkan klinis, laboratories, imaging, bakteriologis dan histopathologis. Sampai saat ini belum ada therapi definitif yang baku. Masih ada kontroversi antara terapi konservative dengan pembedahan. Telah dikembangkan metode total treatment yang merupakan gabungan terapi konservatif dan tindakan operatif berdasarkan identifikasi masalah yang dihadapi masing ? masing penderita.Therapi pembedahan dapat berupa radikal atau middle path, anterior atau posterior, atau kombinasi anterior posterior dengan atau tanpa instrumentasi.

  20. Strategies of inducing cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deutsch, M.

    1986-01-01

    The results of the four experiments described in this paper are very consistent, and they can be summarized as follows: (1) The ''nonpunitive'' strategy was most effective in eliciting cooperative behavior from the subjects and, overall, resulted in the highest joint outcomes as well as the highest outcomes for the accomplice. (2) The effectiveness of the turn-the-other-cheek strategy was very much influenced by the competitiveness of the situation; the more competitive the incentives of the subjects, the more massively they exploited the accomplice who employed this strategy. (3) The punitive deterrent strategy elicited more agressive and self-protective, as well as less cooperative, behavior from the subjects than did the other strategies

  1. Junctionless Cooper pair transistor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arutyunov, K. Yu., E-mail: konstantin.yu.arutyunov@jyu.fi [National Research University Higher School of Economics , Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics, 101000 Moscow (Russian Federation); P.L. Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems RAS , Moscow 119334 (Russian Federation); Lehtinen, J.S. [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Centre for Metrology MIKES, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT (Finland)

    2017-02-15

    Highlights: • Junctionless Cooper pair box. • Quantum phase slips. • Coulomb blockade and gate modulation of the Coulomb gap. - Abstract: Quantum phase slip (QPS) is the topological singularity of the complex order parameter of a quasi-one-dimensional superconductor: momentary zeroing of the modulus and simultaneous 'slip' of the phase by ±2π. The QPS event(s) are the dynamic equivalent of tunneling through a conventional Josephson junction containing static in space and time weak link(s). Here we demonstrate the operation of a superconducting single electron transistor (Cooper pair transistor) without any tunnel junctions. Instead a pair of thin superconducting titanium wires in QPS regime was used. The current–voltage characteristics demonstrate the clear Coulomb blockade with magnitude of the Coulomb gap modulated by the gate potential. The Coulomb blockade disappears above the critical temperature, and at low temperatures can be suppressed by strong magnetic field.

  2. Cooperative method development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dittrich, Yvonne; Rönkkö, Kari; Eriksson, Jeanette

    2008-01-01

    The development of methods tools and process improvements is best to be based on the understanding of the development practice to be supported. Qualitative research has been proposed as a method for understanding the social and cooperative aspects of software development. However, qualitative...... research is not easily combined with the improvement orientation of an engineering discipline. During the last 6 years, we have applied an approach we call `cooperative method development', which combines qualitative social science fieldwork, with problem-oriented method, technique and process improvement....... The action research based approach focusing on shop floor software development practices allows an understanding of how contextual contingencies influence the deployment and applicability of methods, processes and techniques. This article summarizes the experiences and discusses the further development...

  3. Cooperative Learning i voksenundervisningen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne

    Nationalt Center for Kompetenceudvikling har evalueret undervisningsmetoden Cooperative Learning i voksenundervisningen og dokumenteret positive effekter på oplevelsen af samarbejde og på lærere og kursisters engagement - men har ikke kunnet påvise systematiske positive effekter af metoden på...... kursisters frafald, fravær og karakterer. Projektet har afprøvet og videreudviklet den pædagogiske metode Cooperative Learning (CL) i en dansk virkelighed og mere specifikt i forhold til VUC'ernes nye kursistgrupper med det overordnede mål at øge gennemførslen markant og målbart ved at anvende og udvikle en...

  4. Cooperate or Free Ride?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Per H.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, I discuss the role of the three Scandinavian central banks in the establishment of the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) in 1930, and in the international lender of last resort operation towards Austria in 1931. I argue that small central banks were reluctant supporters...... in the establishment of the BIS and free riders in the Austrian crisis, even though there were marked differences in their attitude to international cooperation. These results run counter to the views of those International Political Economy (IPE) theorists who argue that small states should be in favour...... of international cooperation. On the other hand, the evidence seems to confirm Kindleberger's hypothesis that small countries were free riding during the international financial crisis of 1931, and that therefore there is a need for some coordinating mechanism, or a hegemon, in such crises....

  5. International cooperative information systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1980-01-01

    Developing countries need mechanisms by which the information they generate themselves and development information from the rest of the world can be retrieved. The international cooperative information system is such a mechanism. Delegates to the Seminar on International Cooperative Information Systems were informed about various existing systems (INIS, AGRIS, INFOTERRA, TCDC/INRES, POPIN, DEVSIS, and INPADROC), some specialized information systems and services (CDS/ISIS and the Cassava Information Centre), and computer programs for information processing (INIS/AGRIS, CDS/ISIS, and MINISIS). The participants suggested some changes that should be made on both the national and the international levels to ensure that these systems meet the needs of developing countries more effectively. (LL)

  6. PENGEMBANGAN BUDAYA SEKOLAH BERPRESTASI: STUDI TENTANG PENANAMAN NILAI DAN ETOS BERPRESTASI DI SMA KARANGTURI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Yuliono

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan bentuk budaya sekolah berprestasi, proses penanaman nilai dan etos berprestasi kepada peserta didik dan mengetahui implikasi dari pengembangan budaya sekolah berprestasi di SMA Karangturi. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bentuk budaya sekolah berprestasi di SMA Karangturi mencakup empat poin yaitu: keseimbangan antara pembinaan akademik dan nonakademik, penanaman karakter melalui pelajaran, budaya mencintai almamater dan pentingnya nilai kerokhanian. Penanaman nilai dan etos berprestasi pada peserta didik dilakukan melalui kegiatan orientasi sekolah, proses pembelajaran, evaluasi belajar, ekstrakurikuler, penghargaan prestasi, kecintaan terhadap almamater, keteladanan guru, kerjasama dengan orangtua peserta didik dan seragam patriot sebagai media penanaman budaya berprestasi. Implikasi penanaman pengembangan budaya sekolah berprestasi di SMA Karangturi terdapat dalam input (penerimaan siswa baru dan pencarian siswa berpotensi, proses (pengembangan program sekolah serta pengembangan kerjasama dan output (prestasi akademik dan nonakademik serta jumlah alumni yang melanjutkan ke perguruan tinggi. The objective of this study is to describe a model of school achievement culture, the cultivation of values ​​and ethos of achievement to students and know the implications of the development of school culture on students’ achievement in Karangturi high school. This study used a qualitative descriptive approach. Techniques of collecting data were observation, interviews and documentation. This study uses sources and methods triangulation for data validation. The results show that the  school achievement culture in Karangturi high school contains four pillars, namely: a balance between academic and non-academic achievement, building character

  7. Enresa International Cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rodriguez Beceiro, A.

    1998-01-01

    The Empresa Nacional de Residuos Radiactivos, S.A. (ENRESA) was set up in 1984 with the mandate to undertake responsibility for radioactive waste management in Spain. From the very beginning, ENRESA was fully aware of the fact that international cooperation plays a very important role in the development of national programmes. Aspects such as the setting up of international databases, the development and validation of models or site characterization technique such enormous efforts and amounts of resources that they could hardly be undertaken individually. Furthermore, joint participation in research, development and demonstration projects reinforces the level of confidence, not only in the decision-making process but also in the technologies, techniques and practices used. ENRESA's participation in the international contexts is largely defined, on the one hand, by the needs arising from its technical programme, as reflected in the General Radioactive Waste Plan and in the Research and Development Plan, and on the other by the need to support spanish governmental institutions in their participation in inter-governmental institutions in their participation in inter-governmental forums. The formula for cooperation varies according to needs, this cooperation generally being accomplished by means of bilateral agreements with other institutions having similar competence or by participating in the programmes of inter-governmental organizations. In particular, ENRESA has reached cooperation agreements with most of the agencies with similar responsibilities in other countries and participates very actively in the programmes of the European Union, the Nuclear energy Agency (NEA/OECD) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). (Author)

  8. Predicting Human Cooperation

    OpenAIRE

    Nay, John J.; Vorobeychik, Yevgeniy

    2016-01-01

    The Prisoner's Dilemma has been a subject of extensive research due to its importance in understanding the ever-present tension between individual self-interest and social benefit. A strictly dominant strategy in a Prisoner's Dilemma (defection), when played by both players, is mutually harmful. Repetition of the Prisoner's Dilemma can give rise to cooperation as an equilibrium, but defection is as well, and this ambiguity is difficult to resolve. The numerous behavioral experiments investiga...

  9. Perancangan dan Analisis Redistribution Routing Protocol OSPF dan EIGRP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DWI ARYANTA

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak OSPF (Open Shortest Path First dan EIGRP (Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol adalah dua routing protokol yang banyak digunakan dalam jaringan komputer. Perbedaan karakteristik antar routing protokol menimbulkan masalah dalam pengiriman paket data. Teknik redistribution adalah solusi untuk melakukan komunikasi antar routing protokol. Dengan menggunakan software Cisco Packet Tracer 5.3 pada penelitian ini dibuat simulasi OSPF dan EIGRP yang dihubungkan oleh teknik redistribution, kemudian dibandingkan kualitasnya dengan single routing protokol EIGRP dan OSPF. Parameter pengujian dalam penelitian ini adalah nilai time delay dan trace route. Nilai trace route berdasarkan perhitungan langsung cost dan metric dibandingkan dengan hasil simulasi. Hasilnya dapat dilakukan proses redistribution OSPF dan EIGRP. Nilai delay redistribution lebih baik 1% dibanding OSPF dan 2-3% di bawah EIGRP tergantung kepadatan traffic. Dalam perhitungan trace route redistribution dilakukan 2 perhitungan, yaitu cost untuk area OSPF dan metric pada area EIGRP. Pengambilan jalur utama dan alternatif pengiriman paket berdasarkan nilai cost dan metric yang terkecil, hal ini terbukti berdasarkan perhitungan dan simulasi. Kata kunci: OSPF, EIGRP, Redistribution, Delay, Cost, Metric. Abstract OSPF (Open Shortest Path First and EIGRP (Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol are two routing protocols are widely used in computer networks. Differences between the characteristics of routing protocols pose a problem in the delivery of data packets. Redistribution technique is the solution for communication between routing protocols. By using the software Cisco Packet Tracer 5.3 in this study were made simulating OSPF and EIGRP redistribution linked by technique, then compared its quality with a single EIGRP and OSPF routing protocols. Testing parameters in this study is the value of the time delay and trace route. Value trace route based on direct calculation of cost

  10. PANDANGAN MOHAMMED ARKOUN DAN SAYYED HOSSEIN NASR TENTANG TRADISI DAN MODERNITAS DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PEMIKIRAN HUKUM ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahsun Mahsun

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini mengurai pemikiran Mohammed Arkoun dan Sayyed Hossein Nasr tentang tradisi dan modernitas. Arkoun memahami tradisi sebagai wujud profan dan relatif yang terbentuk dalam kerangka ruang-waktu tertentu, sedangkan Nasr memahaminya sebagai wujud sakral dan transenden sebagai manifestasi ilahi dalam jagat raya kesejarahan umat manusia. Implikasinya terhadap pemikiran hukum Islam adalah kemungkinan visionable dari pemikiran tradisi Arkoun dan resistensi dari pemikiran tradisi Nasr. Kritisisme Arkoun yang menganggap al-Qur’an sebagai yang profan dan dalam batas-batas tertentu qabil an-niqas, karena sebagai human contruction, dan pandangan utamanya yang menyatakan bahwa segala wujud tradisi sebagai produk sejarah, akan memungkinkan diri untuk mengadopsi pemikiran-pemikiran dan metode-metode baru tanpa sama sekali menggugat, untuk dipatrik ke dalam sistem metodologi hukum Islam. Implikasi ini akan mengantarkan pada pentingnya pendekatan a unified approach to shari’ah and social inference, yang berusaha menjembatani dan memadukan pendekatan tekstual (normatif dan pendekatan kontekstual (sosial secara simultan dalam penemuan hukum Islam. Kemungkinan implikasi ini akan nampak berbeda dalam perspektif konservativisme dan tradisionalisme Nasr atas tradisi yang akan membawa pada kepongahan orientasi kajian hukum yang hanya terfokus pada law in book dari pada law in action. Hal inilah yang dalam pandangan NJ. Coulson yang telah melahirkan konflik dan ketegangan baru antara teori dan praktek dalam sejarah hukum Islam.  Kata kunci: tradisi, modernitas, dan hukum Islam

  11. Cooperative Mobile Web Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Q

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper advocates a novel approach for mobile web browsing based on cooperation among wireless devices within close proximity operating in a cellular environment. In the actual state of the art, mobile phones can access the web using different cellular technologies. However, the supported data rates are not sufficient to cope with the ever increasing traffic requirements resulting from advanced and rich content services. Extending the state of the art, higher data rates can only be achieved by increasing complexity, cost, and energy consumption of mobile phones. In contrast to the linear extension of current technology, we propose a novel architecture where mobile phones are grouped together in clusters, using a short-range communication such as Bluetooth, sharing, and accumulating their cellular capacity. The accumulated data rate resulting from collaborative interactions over short-range links can then be used for cooperative mobile web browsing. By implementing the cooperative web browsing on commercial mobile phones, it will be shown that better performance is achieved in terms of increased data rate and therefore reduced access times, resulting in a significantly enhanced web browsing user experience on mobile phones.

  12. Cooperatively active sensing system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hirai, Shigeoki; Kita, Nobuyuki; Kuniyoshi, Yasuo; Hara, Isao; Matsui, Toshihiro

    2000-01-01

    Aiming at development of a strong and flexible sensing system, a study on a sensing technology prepared with cooperativity, activity, and real time workability has been promoted. In the former period, together with preparation of plural moving robot group with real time processing capacity of a lot of sensor informations composing of platform, a parallel object direction language Eus Lisp effectively capable of describing and executing cooperative processing and action therewith was developed. And, it was also shown that capacity to adaptively act even at dynamic environment could be learnt experientially. And, on processing of individual sensor information, application of a photographing system with multiple resolution property similar to human visual sense property was attempted. In the latter period, together with intending of upgrading on adaptability of sensing function, by using moving robot group in center of a moving robot loaded with active visual sense, a cooperative active sensing prototype system was constructed to show effectiveness of this study through evaluation experiment of patrolling inspection at plant simulating environment. (G.K.)

  13. Perawatan Pergeseran Mandibula dan Kliking Menggunakan Teknik Edgewise dan Trainer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rully Utami

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Kasus ini terjadi pada perempuan usia 22 tahun yang bersedia dipublikasikan untuk kepentingan  ilmu pengetahuan. Keluhan utama mandibula dan dagunya bergeser ke kanan, gigitan terbuka posterior dan bunyi click di persendian temporomandibular. Diagnosis pasien adalah maloklusi Angle kelas III tipe dento skeletal, pergeseran garis tengah mandibula dan dagu ke kanan, gigitan terbuka posterior dan clicking pada sendi temporomandibular. Perawatan dilakukan dengan teknik Edgewise dan trainer. Leveling dan unraveling dilakukan menggunakan kawat stainless steel bulat diameter 0,014 mm dengan multiloop. Trainer digunakan untuk koreksi pergeseran mandibula. Perawatan dilakukan selama 11 bulan, dan menunjukkan hasil hubungan molar pertama kanan menjadi kelas I. Overjet meningkat dari 0,1 mm menjadi 2 mm, overbite meningkat dari 0,2 mm menjadi 2,57 mm, garis tengah mandibula yang semula bergeser ke kanan 4,38 mm menjadi 2,53 mm, gigitan terbuka posterior dan clicking telah terkoreksi. Compromised Treatment of Class III Malocclusion with Mandibular Shifting, Posterior Openbite and Clicking Using Edgewise Technique and Trainer In Adult. This case report described the treatment of an adult female 22 years old who complained that her mandibula and chin shift to the right, posterior openbite and clicking. The patient diagnosed class III molar relationship, skeletal class III malocclusion, mandibular midline and chin shift to the right, posterior openbite and clicking on temporomandibular joint. Treatment was conducted using combination between  Edgewise Technique and trainer.  Leveling and unraveling are achieved by round stainless steel archwire 0,014 mm with multiloop. Trainer used to corrected the mandibular shifting. Result after 1 years treatment showed that the right molar relationship became class I, overjet increased  from 0,1 mm to 2 mm, overbite increased  from 0,2 mm to 2,57 mm, mandibular midline shifting decresed from 4,38 mm to 2,53 mm

  14. IDENTIFIKASI TIPOLOGI DAN DINAMIKA, POTENSI DAN PERMASALAHAN, DAN STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN WILAYAH KEPESISIRAN DI WILAYAH KEPESISIRAN DEMAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eni Yuniastuti

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di zona kepesisiran Demak, Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Tujuanpembuatan artikel ini adalah mengidentifikasi tipologi dan dinamika wilayah kepesisirDemak, mengidentifikasi potensi dan permasalahan wilayah kepesisiran Demak, danmengetahui strategi pengelolaan wilayah kepesisiran Demak.Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei. Metode pengumpulan data dengan samplingdan metode analisisnya secara kualitatif. Populasi penelitian ini adalah keseluruhan dariwilayah kepesisiran Demak. Metode pengumpulan data dengan cara sampling. Teknikpengambilan sampel dengan metode simple random sampling. Teknik penggumpulan datadengan analisis data sekunder dan observasi lapangan, dan analisis hasilnya secaradeskriptif.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tipologi pesisir Demak ini termasuk dalam tipologipesisir primer akibat deposisional sub-arial (Sub-areal deposition coast, yaitu pesisir yangterbentuk akibat akumulasi secara langsung bahan-bahan sedimen sungai, glasial, angin,atau akibat longsor lahan ke arah laut. Dinamika kawasan Pesisir yang terjadi di Demak ada2 dinamika yang terjadi yaitu terjadi proses akresi dan proses abrasi. Hasil penelitianmenunjukkan terdapat lima potensi utama yang dapat dikembangkan di wilayah kepesisiranDemak, sedangkan hasil identifikasi permasalahannya terdapat delapan permasalahan utamayang mampu teridentifikasi. Strategi pengelolaan pesisir secara terpadu di pesisir Demakyang difokuskan pemanfaatan ruang adalah sebagai berikut, (1 identifikasi pengguna ruangdan kebutuhannya, (2 penyusunan rencana tata ruang, (3 penetapan sempadan pantai danpenanaman mangrove, (4 pengendalian reklamasi pantai, (5 pengetatan baku mutu limba,(6 penataan permukiman kumuh, (7 perbaikan sistem drainase, dan (8 penegakan hukumsecara konsisten. Kata kunci: wilayah kepesisiran, strategi pengelolaan, tipologi dan dinamika pesisir

  15. Nurcholish Madjid dan Pemikirannya (Diantara Kontribusi dan Kontroversi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasitotul Janah

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Dalam konteks Indonesia, sejak tahun 1970-an, Nurcholish Madjid adalah ikon cendekiawan Islam yang dianggap paling kontroversi sekaligus paling kontibutif. Pemikirannya berkelindan diantara tiga tema besar; Keislaman, Keindonesiaan dan Kemodernan. Dia berani mendekonstruksi pemikiran pemikiran Islam yang dianggapnya sudah mengalami fosilisasi, kemandegan, stagnasi dan  kejumudan yang membuat umat Islam menjadi kehilangan daya adaptasinya menghadapi laju problematika kehidupan nyata yang semakin kompleks. Salah satu pemikiran yang dianggap paling polemis dan kontroversial adalah ketika ia mendekontruksi eksklusivisme dan menawarkan inklusvisme sebagai gantinya. Hal ini jelas dianggap melawan arus pemahaman mainstream. Sebagai cendekiawan neomodernisme, Ia membangun nalar inklusivisme menggunakan pendekatan dan metodologi modern tanpa menafikan  argumensi doktrin-doktrin otentik Islam itu sendiri, yaitu al Qur’an dan hadis plus pendapat ulama-ulama terdahulu. Oleh karena itulah, walaupun sejak ia mempublikasikan pemikiran-pemikirannya, ia telah mengundang kontroversi yang hebat bahkan sampai saat ini, ia tetaplah dianggap sebagai pemikir yang paling memiliki kontribusi yang cemerlang bagi dinamika pemikiran Indonesia.

  16. RADIKALISME NEGARA DAN KEKUASAAN PERSPEKTIF POLITIK GLOBAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Sidi Ritaudin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Meskipun tragedi kemanusiaan yang berbasis terorisme bersifat domistik regional, tetapi sebab musababnya, setelah dilakukan penelusuran secara kritis dan tajam serta mendalam oleh para ahli, adalah dimensi politik global. Ini bukan asumsi tetapi fakta dan realita. Sebut saja misalnya tragedi WTC di Amerika serikat 11 September 2001, yang berbuntut pada pembumihangusan Irak, pembantaian dan pembunuhan secara keji di Palestina. Dan saat ini terjadi pembumihangusan Irak jilid dua dengan peristiwa ISIS, tragedi kemanusiaan di Ukraina dan Somalia. Sebahagian pemerhati Islam dan Timur Tengah menengarai bahwa motif gerakan radikalisme merupakan antitesa dari keserakahan politik, ekonomi, kekuasaan dan keangkuhan peradaban. Paradoksal radikalisme Islam dengan para aktivis pengusung ide sekularisme, pluralisme, dan liberalisme agama sudah berlangsung cukup lama dan tiada berkesudahan, menarik untuk didiskusikan.

  17. CORPORATE IDENTITY SEJARAH DAN APLIKASINYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Suharto Cenadi

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available In the recent globalization era%2C and the developed market%2C many companies compete to attract consumers to buy their products. One of the keys to compete and survive in this developing market is by creating an image and graphic identity. This paper will discuss about corporate identity%2C image%2C its purpose and applications. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Dalam era globalisasi dewasa ini%2C dan dengan berkembangnya pasar (market%2C banyak perusahaan bersaing untuk menarik perhatian konsumen untuk membeli produknya. Salah satu cara untuk bersaing dan dapat bertahan di dalam pasar yang terus berkembang ini adalah dengan menciptakan suatu image dan identitas graphic. Tulisan ini akan membahas tentang corporate identity%2C image%2C fungsi dan aplikasinya

  18. PENGEMBANGAN STRATEGIC BUSINESS UNIT PERHUTANI UNIT III JAWA BARAT DAN BANTEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rurin Wahyu Listriana

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis study aimed to 1 analyze the innovation and competitiveness ability of Strategic Business Unit (SBU in the KBM (independent business unit industri and 2 formulate alternative policies that can enhance company innovation and competitiveness. The study was conducted at KBM Industri and SBU within the KBM industri. The information and data was obtained through interviews and distributing questionnaires to 10 respondents. Respondents were chosen based on their expertise and or experience. Data processing techniques used the SWOT analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. Results of this study shows that KBM Industri Unit III have the power and the opportunity to expand, increase growth, and achieve maximum progress by improving the quality, developing new products, improving processes and increasing access to wider market. The potential innovation can also be seen from the process-product innovation, knowledge-skills innovation and method-system innovation. In the KBM Industri Unit III, those potential covers the raw materials, process equipment and products. The improvement of company's innovation was influenced by the main factor organization with the value 0,436 and the most influential factors of marketing with a value 0,398, while the ultimate goal is the improvement of the process with the value 0,756. The improvement of the company's innovation strategy is through strategy priority, namely cooperation with other /external parties weighted by 0,703 and optimizing own capabilities of the research or conducting institutions development research weighted by 0,297.Keywords: SBU, KBM Industri, Innovation, AHP, SWOTABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan 1 menganalisis kemampuan inovasi dan daya saing Strategic Business Unit (SBU di Kesatuan Bisnis Mandiri (KBM Industri dan 2 merumuskan kebijakan alternatif yang dapat meningkatkan inovasi dan daya saing perusahaan. Penelitian  dilakukan pada KBM Industri  dan SBU yang ada didalam  KBM

  19. MUHAMMADIYAH DAN GERAKAN PENCERAHAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dartim Dartim

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Muhammadiyah is the Islamic movements that make Islam as the soul in any aspects of life. complexity of the faith problems dan Muamalah that hit people make Muhammadiyah should be able to be creative in da'wah. The challenge in keeping Islam in order to become a genuine religion of various forms of shirk and hypocrisy is still relevant. New TBC styles or modern TBC, such as secularism, liberalism, materialism, syncretism and relativism, and other isms that it is shirk and modern hypocrite which are no less dangerous than the traditional TBC. In addition the problem of poverty, economic disparities, pornography, crime and other social problems remains a heavy burden for the nation. Islamic progressive of Muhammadiyah as a trade mark in this period is a movement of enlightenment for the people and nation.

  20. PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN PERISTIWA ALAM DENGAN MODEL COOPERATIVE LEARNING TIPE INSIDE OUTSIDE CIRCLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diah Sunarsih

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran IPA dengan model pembelajaran cooperative learning tipe inside outside circle untuk dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kognitif dan menumbuhkan kemampuan komunikasi ilmiah siswa yang valid materi peristiwa alam. Uji coba skala terbatas dilakukan di SDN 02 Ambowetan. Uji coba skala luas kelas eksperimen SDN 01 Ambowetan VA, sedangkan kelas kontrol SDN 01 Ambowetan VB. Desain uji coba penelitian ini nonequivalent control group design. Prosedur pengembangan dan penelitian dikembangkan mengacu model pengembangan Dick dan Carry terdiri 4 tahap yaitu define, design, develop, dan disseminate. Hasil penelitian diperoleh pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran menerapkan model pembelajaran cooperative learning tipe inside outside circle berupa silabus, RPP, bahan ajar, lembar tes formatif, lembar observasi kemampuan komunikasi ilmiah, dan angket respon siswa valid, efektif, dan praktis diterapkan dalam pembelajaran IPA kelas V sekolah dasar materi peristiwa alam. Perangkat pembelajaran valid dengan nilai skor validitas akhir 3,43. Perangkat pembelajaran efektif terlihat peningkatan hasil uji N-gain menunjukkan hasil 0,50 pada klasifikasi tingkat sedang dan prosentase kemampuan ilmiah kelas eksperimen hasil sebesar 82%. Kriteria praktis dari nilai angket menunjukkan respon siswa kelas eksperimen lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelas kontrol (73% > 67 %.Purpose of this study is produce device the learning cooperative learning type inside outside circle to improve cognitive ability students and foster communication skills scientific a valid on material natural events. Trials limited scale in the SDN 02 Ambowetan. Trials wide scale for experimental class in the SDN 01 Ambowetan 5A, while the control class SDN 01 Ambowetan 5B. Design wide scale nonequivalent control group design. Procedures the development and developed research Dick and Carry consisting of 4 stage define, design, develop, and disseminate

  1. Le CRDI dans les Philippines

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le CRDI appuie la recherche dans les. Philippines depuis 1972. Le travail qu'y ont accompli des universités et des instituts de recherche vigoureux et la participation active de la société civile ont entraîné d'importantes améliorations dans les domaines de l'agriculture, du suivi de la pauvreté et de la gestion des forêts.

  2. XML specifications DanRIS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    XML specifications for DanRIS (Danish Registration- og InformationsSystem), where the the aim is: Improved exchange of data Improved data processing Ensuring future access to all gathered data from the year 1999 until now......XML specifications for DanRIS (Danish Registration- og InformationsSystem), where the the aim is: Improved exchange of data Improved data processing Ensuring future access to all gathered data from the year 1999 until now...

  3. MENGENALI GEJALA TINITUS DAN PENATALAKSANAANNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Purwita Agustini

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Telinga berdenging atau dikenal dalam bahasa medis sebagai tinitus, banyak dikeluhkan sebagai suatu bising atau bunyi yang muncul di kepala tanpa adanya rangsangan dari luar. Adapun keluhan yang dialami ini seperti bunyi mendengung, mendesis, menderu, atau berbagai variasi bunyi yang lain. Tinitus bukanlah penyakit atau sindroma, tapi hanya merupakan gejala yang mungkin berasal dari satu atau sejumlah kelainan. Sebetulnya suara yang terdengar oleh telinga tersebut belum tentu bersifat kelainan atau patologis. Jika orang sehat yang terbukti telinganya normal, berada dalam ruang kedap (anehoic chamber, maka ia akan dapat mendengar berbagai macam suara yang berasal dari berbagai organ tubuhnya sendiri yang memang bekerja setiap saat, contohnya: pernapasan, kontraksi jantung, dan aliran darah. Kenyataannya, dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, suasana yang memungkinkan suara fisiologis atau normal tersebut terdengar oleh seseorang sangat jarang tercipta dan bahkan dalam kamar yang sunyi di malam hari sekalipun. Hal ini dikarenakan, bunyi masking dari lingkungan dengan berintensitas bunyi sekitar 25 – 30 dB. Tinitus baru menjadi gejala jika suara organ tubuh intensitasnya melebihi bunyi masking lingkungan tadi. Tinitus kerap diderita terutama orang pada kelompok usia pertengahan dan usia tua. Menurut data statistic dari pusat kesehatan di Amerika, sekitar 32% orang dewasa pernah mengalami tinitus pada suatu saat tertentu dalam hidupnya, dan 6 % nya sangat menganggu dan cukup sulit disembuhkan. Di Inggris, 17% populasi juga memiliki masalah tinitus. Sayangnya di Indonesia belum ada data statistic yang memadai, namun berdasarkan pengalaman empiris, penderita tinitus cukup banyak dan sering ditemui di tempat praktek, klinik, maupun rumah sakit. Meski tinitus bukanlah keadaan yang membahayakan, munculnya gejala ini pada hampir kebanyakan orang sangat mengganggu dan sering mempengaruhi kualitas hidup dan pekerjaannya. Kata Kunci: Tinitus, berdenging, telinga

  4. Ketergantungan Online Game Dan Penanganannya

    OpenAIRE

    Syahran, Ridwan

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui perilaku yang ditimbulkan dari kecanduan bermaian online game pada siswa SMP Negeri 1 Palu yang meliputi faktor-faktor penyebab kecanduan, keadaan psikologis yang ditimbulkan dari kecanduan bermain online game dan dampak-dampak yang ditimbulkan dari kecanduan bermain online game.Pendekatan penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian studi kasus dengan berdasarkan responden dan informan sebagai bahan sumber data. Dalam proses ...

  5. Pengenalan Dan Proses Pembuatan Gelatin

    OpenAIRE

    Hastuti, Dewi; Sumpe, Iriane Sumpe

    2007-01-01

    Gelatin adalah produk alami yang diperoleh dari hidrolisis parsial kolagen. Gelatin merupakan protein yang larut yang bisa bersifat sebagai gelling agent (bahan pembuat gel) atau sebagai non gelling agent. Sumber bahan baku gelatin dapat berasal dari sapi (tulang dan kulit jangat), babi (hanya kulit) dan ikan (kulit). Cara pembuatan gelatin secara umum adalah : kulit atau tulang hewan yang kaya akan kolagen direndam dalam asam atau basa, kemudian diekstrasi dengan panas secara bertingkat. G...

  6. Effect of cobalt-60 {gamma} radiation and of thermal neutrons on high resistance P and N silicon. Possibility of obtaining a nuclear compensation for P type silicon; Effects du rayonnement {gamma} du cobalt 60 et de neutrons thermiques sur du silicium P et N de haute resistivite. Possibilite de realiser une compensation nucleaire d'un silicium du type P

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Messier, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-11-01

    Type P silicon has been compensated by the production of a controlled and uniform amount of donor atoms ({sup 31}P) using thermal neutrons to bring about a nuclear transformation. It is shown that it is possible in this way to reduce by a factor of about one hundred the overall concentration of residual ionised impurities in the purest crystals obtained by floating zone purification (2 x 10{sup 12} atoms/cm{sup 3}). The degree compensation obtained is limited by the initial inhomogeneity of acceptor impurities which have to be compensated. Lattice defects which still remain after prolonged annealings reduce the life-time of the material to about 10 {mu}s approximately. Particle detectors having thicknesses of 2 to 5 mm have been built by this process; they give good results, particularly at low temperatures. A study has also been made of the number and of the nature of lattice defects produced by thermal neutrons in high resistivity P and N type crystals. These defects have been compared to those produced by {gamma} rays from {sup 60}Co. A discussion is given of the validity of the Wertheim model concerning pronounced recombination at low temperatures (77 deg. K - 300 deg. K) of primary defect-interstitial pairs. The nature of the defects introducing energy levels into the lower half of the forbidden band has been studied. (author) [French] On a compense du silicium de type P en produisant, au moyen de neutrons thermiques, par transmutation nucleaire une quantite controlee et uniforme d'atomes donneurs ({sup 31}P). On montre qu'on peut ainsi reduire de cent fois environ la densite nette d'impuretes ionisees residuelles subsistant dans les cristaux les plus purs obtenus par purification par zone flottante (2.10{sup 12} atomes/cm{sup 3}). Le degre de compensation obtenu est limite par i'inhomogeneite initiale des impuretes acceptrices a compenser. Des defauts de reseau qui subsistent meme apres des recuits prolonges reduisent la duree de vie du

  7. Sifilis Laten: Diagnosis dan Pengobatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasmia Rowawi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak   Sifilis laten merupakan stadium sifilis yang diakibatkan oleh T. pallidum yang masih menetap dalam tubuh, namun tidak menunjukkan gejala dan hanya menunjukkan hasil pemeriksaan serologis yang reaktif. Sifilis laten yang tidak diterapi dapat menetap bertahun-tahun atau seumur hidup dan dapat meningkatkan risiko terinfeksi HIV. Ibu hamil dengan sifilis laten dini akan menyebabkan sekitar 40% bayi yang dilahirkankannya tertular, 20% prematur, 10% lahir mati, dan 4% meninggal pada waktu dilahirkan. Diagnosis sifilis laten dini ditegakkan bila dalam 12 bulan terakhir ditemukan satu atau lebih dari tanda-tanda berikut ini: peningkatan titer VDRL/RPR sebanyak empat kali atau lebih; pada anamnesis didapatkan gejala sifilis primer dan sekunder; riwayat kontak seksual dengan seseorang yang didiagnosis atau diduga menderita sifilis primer atau sifilis sekunder atau sifilis laten dini; serta kontak seksual dengan seseorang dengan tes VDRL atau RPR dan TPHA reaktif. Pengobatan yang direkomendasikan untuk sifilis laten dini adalah benzatin penisilin 2,4 juta UI, IM, dosis tunggal, sedangkan pada sifilis laten lanjut, benzatin penisilin 2,4 juta UI, IM, diberikan 3 kali dengan interval satu minggu. Pemeriksaan serologis sifilis non- treponemal (VDRL atau RPR dilakukan setelah pengobatan 3, 6, 12, dan 24 bulan untuk menilai keberhasilan pengobatan.   Kata kunci: Diagnosis, silifis laten, terapi

  8. ENERGI DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP LINGKUNGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Astra

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Energi dapat berubah dari satu bentuk ke bentuk yang  lainnya, perubahannya sering mempengaruhi lingkungan dan udara yang kita hirup dengan berbagai cara. Energy kimia dalam bahan bakar fosil diubah menjadi energy panas, mekanik, atau listrik melalui pembakaran dan  ini sebagai penghasil polutan terbesar. Dan dengan demikian pembangkit listrik, kendaraan bermotor, dan kompor adalah penyebab utama terjadinya polusi udara.  Polutan yang dikeluarkan biasanya dikelompokan menjadi  hidrokarbon (HC, nitrogen oksida (NOx, dan  karbon monoksida (CO. Polutan yang dihasilkan pada pembakaran fosil merupakan faktor terbesar terjadinya asap, hujan asam,  pemanasan global dan perubahan iklim.   The conversion of energy from one form to another often affects the environment and the air we breath in many ways. Pollutants are emitted as the chemical energy in fossil fuels is converten to thermal, mechanical, or electrical energy via combustion, and thus power plants, motor vehicles, and even stoves take the blame for air pollution, and  the pollutants released by the vehicles are usually grouped as hydrocarbons (HC, nitrogen oxides (NOx, and carbon monoxide (CO. Pollutans emitted during the combustion of fossil fuels are responsible for smog, acid rain, and global warming and climate change.

  9. Perusakan Hutan Mangrove dan Penularan Malaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh. Sudomo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Hutan mangrove di Indonesia mempunyai luas sekitar 4,25 juta hektar, yang tersebar di sepanjang pantai pulau-pulau besar. Kurang lebih 70% dari hutan mangrove yang ada di Indonesia tertetak di Irian Jaya dan masih dalam keadaan bagus, belum dijamah manusia. Sedangkan di Jawa, Sumatera dan Sulawesi Selatan hutan mangrove telah rusak dan dalam keadaan kritis.Hutan mangrove mempunyai berbagai macam fungsi yang semuanya sangat menguntungkan manusia, antara lain sebagai penahan erosi pantai, penahan angin, sumber bahan bakar dan bangunan, tempat pemijahan ikan, udang dan tempat besarangnya berbagai biota laut lainnya seperti kerang dan kepiting.

  10. Analytic determination of plutonium in the environment; Determination analytique du plutonium dans l'environnement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ballada, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-07-01

    The work described in this report was undertaken with a view to determining the plutonium content in the fall-out from nuclear explosions. In the first part are described in turn the importance of the problems due to the plutonium, the physico-chemical properties of the radioelement and the biological dangers which it presents. A detailed and critical analysis is made of the radio-toxicological determination of the plutonium as reported in the literature prior to this report. The second part consists in the presentation of a judicious choice of techniques making it possible to determine plutonium in air, rain-water, soils and ash. After a detailed description of the measurement equipment and the operational techniques which have been developed, a justification of these techniques is given with particular reference to their sensitivity and specificity. After a brief conclusion concerning the preceding chapters, the results are presented. These are then discussed in the ease of each element in which the plutonium has been determined. This discussion is concluded by a consideration of the importance of the occurrence of fall-out plutonium on problems relating to public health. From a consideration of 200 analyses carried out, it is concluded that the contribution of plutonium to the exposure of populations is still very small compared to that of natural radiation and that due to such fission products as strontium 90. The report includes 63 literature references, 26 figures and 11 tables. (author) [French] Les travaux decrits dans ce memoire ont ete entrepris et eflectues dans le but de mettre en evidence le plutonium des retombees radioactives consecutives aux explosions nucleaires. Dans la premiere partie nous etudions successivement l'importance des problemes poses par le plutonium puis les proprietes physicochimiques du radioelement et les dangers qu'il presente du point de vue biologique. Nous effectuons une analyse detaillee et critique des techniques

  11. KAJIAN BIOAKTIF DAN ZAT GIZI PROPOLIS INDONESIA DAN BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliza Halim

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTIndonesia has a potency to produce its own propolis, however the propolis market in Indonesia is dominated by imported product, such as from Brazil. Currently, still there is no reasearch which evaluate bioactive compound and nutrient content of Indonesian Propolis (IP compare with Brazilian Propolis (BP. The objectivesof this study were to analyze bioactive compounds and nutrient contents of IP compared to BP. Bioactive compounds and nutrients content were analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrophotometry. The resultsshowed both IP and BP contain fenol, α-amyrin, cylolanost, and pyrimidines. Bioactive compounds which specifically found in IP were eudesmane compound, ethyl acridine, lupeol, friedooleanan; while β amyrin and cinnamic acid compound only found in BP. The nutrient contents of IP were higher than BP except for vitamin A. In conclusion, IP might have potential health benefit, similar to BP.Key words: propolis, bioactive, nutrientABSTRAKIndonesia mempunyai potensi untuk menghasilkan propolis tetapi pemasaran propolis di Indonesia didominasi oleh propolis impor seperti propolis yang berasal Brasil. Sampai saat ini belum ada penelitian yang mengungkapkandungan bioaktif dan zat gizi propolis Indonesia (PI dibandingkan dengan propolis Brasil (PB. Oleh karena itu tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melakukan kajian kandungan bioaktif dan zat gizi (vitamin dan mineral PI dibandingkan dengan PB. Komponen bioaktif dan kandungn gizi dianalisis dengan metode gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Hasil analisis menyatakan bahwa baik PI maupun PB mengandung senyawa fenol, α-amyrin, cylolanost, dan pirimidin. Komponen bioaktif unik yang ditemukan di dalam PI adalah senyawaeudesmane, ethyl acridine, lupeol dan friedooleanan; sedangkan β-amyrin dan senyawa asam sinamat hanya ditemukan di dalam PB. Kandungan zat gizi PI lebih tinggi dari PB kecuali kandungan vitamin A. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa PI kemungkinan mempunyai khasiat untuk

  12. WEB-BASED COOPERATIVE LEARNING, LEARNING STYLES, AND STUDENT’S LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Hariadi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study was aimed to examine the effect of the instructional learning strategy (webbased STAD-type cooperative and text-based STAD-type cooperative learning strategies and learning styles towards student learning achievement. This quasi-experimental study used a non-equivalent control group version of the factorial design. The subjects were the first-semester undergraduate students of Information Systems at STIKOM Surabaya. Sixty-nine (69 students were involved, 34 of whom were the subjects of the experimental group and 35 were the subjects of the control group. The collected data were statistically analyzed by using the two-way analysis of variance technique (ANOVA with the significance level of 0.05. The findings of this research indicate that there was a significant difference in learning achievement, for the General Management course, between groups of students taught with the web-based STAD-type cooperative learning strategies and those taught with the text-based STAD-type cooperative learning strategies. Based on the findings, the researcher suggests lecturers to implement the STAD-type cooperative learning strategies, and use the web-based and text-based strategies simultaneously (complementarily in the form of blended learning. Keywords: learning strategy, STAD type cooperative, web based learning, learning styles, learning outcomes PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF BERBASIS WEB, GAYA BELAJAR, DAN HASIL BELAJAR MAHASISWA Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh strategi pembelajaran (kooperatif tipe STAD berbasis web vs kooperatif tipe STAD berbasis teks dan gaya belajar terhadap hasil belajar mahasiswa. Penelitian kuasi eksperimen ini menggunakan desain faktorial versi nonequivalen control group design. Subjek penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa program studi Sistem Informasi semester I di STIKOM Surabaya yang berjumlah 69 mahasiswa, terdiri dari 34 mahasiswa untuk kelas eksperimen dan 35 mahasiswa untuk kelas kontrol

  13. 3 and 4 oxidation state element solubilities in borosilicate glasses. Implement to actinides in nuclear glasses; Solubilite des elements aux degres d'oxydation (3) et (4) dans les verres de borosilicate. Application aux actinides dans les verres nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cachia, J.N

    2005-12-15

    In order to ensure optimal radionuclides containment, the knowledge of the actinide loading limits in nuclear waste glasses and also the comprehension of the solubilization mechanisms of these elements are essential. A first part of this manuscript deals with the study of the differences in solubility of the tri and tetravalent elements (actinides and surrogates) particularly in function of the melting temperature. The results obtained indicate that trivalent elements (La, Gd, Nd, Am, Cm) exhibit a higher solubility than tetravalent elements (Hf, Th, Pu). Consequently, it was planned to reduce plutonium at the oxidation state (III), the later being essentially tetravalent in borosilicate glasses. An innovating reduction process of multi-valent elements (cerium, plutonium) using silicon nitride has been developed in a second part of this work. Reduced plutonium-bearing glasses synthesized by Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} addition made it possible to double the plutonium solubility from 2 to 4 wt% at 1200 deg C. A structural approach to investigate the differences between tri and tetravalent elements was finally undertaken. These investigations were carried out by X-rays Absorption Spectroscopy (EXAFS) and NMR. Trivalent rare earth and actinide elements seem to behave as network modifiers while tetravalent elements rather present true intermediaries' behaviour. (author)

  14. Developing Digital Dashboard Management for Learning System Dynamic Cooperative Simulation Behavior of Indonesia. (Study on Cooperative Information Organization in the Ministry of Cooperatives and SME)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eni, Yuli; Aryanto, Rudy

    2014-03-01

    There are problems being experienced by the Ministry of cooperatives and SME (Small and Medium Enterprise) including the length of time in the decision by the Government to establish a policy that should be taken for local cooperatives across the province of Indonesia. The decision-making process is still analyzed manually, so that sometimes the decisions taken are also less appropriate, effective and efficient. The second problem is the lack of monitoring data cooperative process province that is too much, making it difficult for the analysis of dynamic information to be useful. Therefore the authors want to fix the system that runs by using digital dashboard management system supported by the modeling of system dynamics. In addition, the author also did the design of a system that can support the system. Design of this system is aimed to ease the experts, head, and the government to decide (DSS - Decision Support System) accurately effectively and efficiently, because in the system are raised alternative simulation in a description of the decision to be taken and the result from the decision. The system is expected to be designed dan simulated can ease and expedite the decision making. The design of dynamic digital dashboard management conducted by method of OOAD (Objects Oriented Analysis and Design) complete with UML notation.

  15. Is it possible to recycle nuclear wastes? Costs, risks and stakes of the plutonium industry; Peut-on recycler les dechets nucleaires? Couts, risques et enjeux de l'industrie du plutonium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    This document, published by the French association 'Sortir du nucleaire' (Get out of nuclear), gives some information on the chain reaction from uranium to plutonium, the difference between reprocessing (which does not reduce waste volumes but multiply waste types) and recycling, the high risks associated with plutonium transport, La Hague as the most dangerous nuclear site in France, reprocessing as the alibi for the French nuclear industry, Areva as an expert in propaganda, reprocessing as an absurd world strategy, plutonium as a fuel for proliferation, the myth of unlimited energy with the breeder reactors, and so on

  16. PENDEKATAN COOPERATIVE LEARNING DENGAN STRATEGI GAMES COMPETITION SEBAGAI UPAYA MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS BELAJAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka jaya puta utama

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana penggunaan pendekatan Cooperative Learning dengan Strategi  Games Competition dapat meningkatkan aktivitas belajar siswa pada Mata Pelajaran IPS Terpadu Materi Sejarah kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sungai Raya?. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian tindakan kelas.  Subyek dalam Penelitian Tindakan Kelas ini adalah siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sungai Raya tahun pelajaran 2015/2016. Alat pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah angket, panduan observasi, panduan wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data dalam penellitian ini adalah Analisis hasil penelitian digambarkan dengan cara menggunakan triangulasi data. Indikator keberhasilan didasarkan dari kisi-kisi pengamatan aktivitas siswa yang meliputi :1 semangat siswa untuk mengikuti pembelajaran, 2 keaktifan dalam  menyelesaikan tugas  membuat pertanyaan dan jawaban, 3 keaktifan dalam menjawab pertanyaan, 4 keaktifan dalam menanggapi atas pertanyaan dari kelompok lain, 5 kerjasama dalam kelompok dalam menyelesaikan tugas berkompetisi dengan kelompok lain.Kesimpulan penelitian bahwa Pembelajaran IPS menggunakan pendekatan cooperative learning dengan strategi Games Competition dapat meningkatkan aktivitas belajar siswa kela VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sungai Raya, yaitu peningkatan aktifitas belajar siswa secara klasikal yaitu pada siklus I sebesar 65 % dan pada Siklus II sebesar 85 %, hal ini berarti ada peningkatan sebesar 20%. Pembelajaran dengan menggunakan pendekatan cooperative learning dengan strategi Games Competition dapat memberikan kesempatan kepada siswa untuk aktif dalam mengungkapkan pendapat, menghargai pendapat orang lain,berani bertanya, menanggapi, belajar berkompetisi secara jujur, serta mampu menumbuhkan rasa solidaritas siswa.

  17. Precompetitive cooperative research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holton, W.C.

    1991-01-01

    This paper reports that in the current worldwide technology environment, it is essential for the U.S. microelectronics industry, and especially for the integrated circuit portion of that industry, that precompetitive cooperative research alliances be formed and funded at a level that enables them to be effective in rapidly advancing technology. It is important to realize that technology advances with or without our direct participation. If we do not aggressively participate we are quickly left behind. Increasing complexity and miniaturization have been the themes in semiconductor technology. Many are aware that what began in the early 60's with a few masking steps and minimum dimensions measured in mils, has now evolved to a level of sophistication requiring a 100 MIP workstation for IC design and the investment of nearly $400 million dollars in fab cost to produce today's microchips. The leading nations of the world have come to realize that their future well- being is closely tied to their ability to compete in this hi- tech environment. Industry coalitions have been formed to exploit the early ramifications of emerging technologies. Improvements in overseas manufacturing have been made and continue unabated with new products, new processes, and new services being introduced at an increasing rate. Many foreign governments are now actively involved in formulating and conducting industrial and technology policies to aid their hi-tech industry. To meet these challenges, U.S. firms, with U.S. government cooperation, must respond

  18. DIAGNOSIS DAN TATALAKSANA HEPATOPULMONARY SYNDROME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwitya Elvira

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakSirosis hepatis dan penyakit hati kronik merupakan penyebab kematian terbanyak di seluruh dunia. Tingginya angka morbiditas dan mortalitas sirosis berhubungan dengan komplikasinya yang bersifat sistemik. Salah satu komplikasi sirosis dapat mengenai paru berupa sindrom hepatopulmonar atau hepatopulmonary syndrome. Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS didefinisikan sebagai trias yang terdiri dari kegagalan hati stadium lanjut, hipoksemia arterial serta dilatasi intravaskular pulmonar tanpa disertai penyakit kardiopulmonar. Patogenesis HPS masih belum diketahui pasti, namun diduga terjadi gangguan metabolisme zat vasoaktif paru yang menimbulkan vasodilatasi vaskuler paru. Manifestasi klinis HPS berupa dispneu yang khas dengan tanda kegagalan hati dan hipertensi portal. Modalitas diagnostik HPS adalah radiologi thorax, analisa gas darah, contrast enhanced echocardiography (CEE, nuclear scanning dengan Tc-99m dan angiografi paru. Penatalaksanaan HPS terutama bertujuan menurunkan vasodilatasi intrapulmonar, meningkatkan oksigenasi arterial dan mengurangi keluhan. Deteksi dini terhadap komplikasi sirosis mutlak diperlukan dalam mencegah dan mengurangi angka morbiditas dan mortalitas.Abstract Liver cirrhosis and chronic liver disease are the leading cause of death worldwide. The high morbidity and mortality associated with their systemic complications. One of the complications of cirrhosis is hepatopulmonary syndrome. Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS is defined as the triad of advanced-stage liver failure, arterial hypoxemia and pulmonary intravascular dilatation without cardiopulmonary disease. The pathogenesis of HPS is still not known for sure, but suspected metabolic disorder pulmonary vasoactive substances that cause pulmonary vascular vasodilatation. The clinical manifestations of HPS is typical dispneu with signs of liver failure and portal hypertension. HPS diagnostic modalities are radiology thorax, blood gas analysis, contrast enhanced

  19. Models in cooperative game theory

    CERN Document Server

    Branzei, Rodica; Tijs, Stef

    2008-01-01

    This book investigates models in cooperative game theory in which the players have the possibility to cooperate partially. In a crisp game the agents are either fully involved or not involved at all in cooperation with some other agents, while in a fuzzy game players are allowed to cooperate with infinite many different participation levels, varying from non-cooperation to full cooperation. A multi-choice game describes the intermediate case in which each player may have a fixed number of activity levels. Different set and one-point solution concepts for these games are presented. The properties of these solution concepts and their interrelations on several classes of crisp, fuzzy, and multi-choice games are studied. Applications of the investigated models to many economic situations are indicated as well. The second edition is highly enlarged and contains new results and additional sections in the different chapters as well as one new chapter.

  20. ITDB Cooperation With International Organizations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    IAEA illicit trafficking database cooperates with many international organizations. Among these organizations are Interpol, Universal Postal Union,and World Customs Organization. Other organizations are Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, UN Economic Commission for Europe, UN-Department of Disarmament Affairs and UN office for Drug and Crime. The cooperation with Interpol involves consultations on issues of training and technical assistance and other matters of common interest.

  1. The Professionalization of Intelligence Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Adam David Morgan

    "Providing an in-depth insight into the subject of intelligence cooperation (officially known as liason), this book explores the complexities of this process. Towards facilitating a general understanding of the professionalization of intelligence cooperation, Svendsen's analysis includes risk...... management and encourages the realisation of greater resilience. Svendsen discusses the controversial, mixed and uneven characterisations of the process of the professionalization of intelligence cooperation and argues for a degree of 'fashioning method out of mayhem' through greater operational...

  2. Regional cooperation in transportation planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    As Floridas urbanized areas grow and merge, : neighboring jurisdictions experience interrelated : problems and opportunities, and regional : cooperation becomes an imperative. In the : transportation sector, Floridas metropolitan : planning org...

  3. Social heuristics shape intuitive cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rand, David G; Peysakhovich, Alexander; Kraft-Todd, Gordon T; Newman, George E; Wurzbacher, Owen; Nowak, Martin A; Greene, Joshua D

    2014-04-22

    Cooperation is central to human societies. Yet relatively little is known about the cognitive underpinnings of cooperative decision making. Does cooperation require deliberate self-restraint? Or is spontaneous prosociality reined in by calculating self-interest? Here we present a theory of why (and for whom) intuition favors cooperation: cooperation is typically advantageous in everyday life, leading to the formation of generalized cooperative intuitions. Deliberation, by contrast, adjusts behaviour towards the optimum for a given situation. Thus, in one-shot anonymous interactions where selfishness is optimal, intuitive responses tend to be more cooperative than deliberative responses. We test this 'social heuristics hypothesis' by aggregating across every cooperation experiment using time pressure that we conducted over a 2-year period (15 studies and 6,910 decisions), as well as performing a novel time pressure experiment. Doing so demonstrates a positive average effect of time pressure on cooperation. We also find substantial variation in this effect, and show that this variation is partly explained by previous experience with one-shot lab experiments.

  4. Successful Industry/Academia Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stoustrup, Jakob

    2013-01-01

    The control literature is rich on impressive applications of advanced control, and within almost any industrial sector there are numerous examples of successful advanced control applications. Nevertheless, there is a widespread belief that there is still a wide potential for increased cooperation...... between academia and industry within this area. In this position paper, it is advocated that one of the enablers for successful cooperation between industry and academia within the control area is a proper framework for cooperation projects between companies and universities. Some suggestions...... by less complex but industrially feasible solutions. The proposed approach is illustrated by three case studies of successful industrial/academic cooperation....

  5. Perancangan Promosi Dan Kemasan Teh Mangrove Druju

    OpenAIRE

    Halim, Roselinee Nathania; Adib, Ahmad; Suhartono, Ani Wijayanti

    2015-01-01

    Perancangan tugas akhir ini bertujuan untuk memberikan informasi tentang teh mangrove pertama di Indonesia. Teh Mangrove Druju merupakan produk olahan mangrove yang belum dikenal dan belum melakukan banyak kegiatan promosi. Sehingga perancangan ini bertujuan untuk mengenalkan produk Teh Mangrove Druju dan membantu merubah brand image akan produk olahan mangrove. Sedangkan tujuan dari perancangan ini untuk merancang media promosi dan kemasan yang komunikatif dan efektif agar promosi yang dilak...

  6. Purwarupa Sistem Integrasi Quadcopter dan Mobile Robot

    OpenAIRE

    Dharmawan, Andi; Lusiarta Putera, Christian Antonia

    2012-01-01

    AbstrakQuadcopter, juga dikenal sebagai quadrotor, adalah helikopter dengan empat motor yang dilengkapi dengan  empat buah propeller pada masing-masing motornya yang digunakan untuk terbang dan bermanuver. Pada quadcopter terdapat 3 variabel sudut yang menjadi element utama dalam pengendaliannya yaitu roll, pitch, dan yaw yang diperoleh dari penggabungan sensor accelerometer, gyroscope dan magnetometer dengan metode Direction Cosine Matrix. Pada sistem integrasi mobile robot dan quadcopter, d...

  7. KORELASI ANTARA ISLAM DAN EKONOMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akmal Zainal Abidin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available CORELATION BETWEEN ISLAM AND ECONOMY. This paper aims to identifies about the correlation between economic and Islam. Islam is the perfect religion that governs all things in life, including the economy. This is evident with the concept of  well-being which is described in the al-Quran and Sunnah. Basically the goal of every human life is to prosper, although humans make sense of  well- being with a different perspective. Most understand economics assume that welfare is the welfare of  earthly material. But to make sense of well-being with the term al-Falah, is meaning holistic wellbeing and balance between material and spiritual dimensions. al-Quran and Sunnah have taught that the human being will be achieved if  living in balance between material and spiritual. This is because human life does not just stop in the life of this world, but there is still a second life that will be faced by humanity in the hereafter, and well-being will be achieved with the truth is that people can balance the needs of the world and the hereafter, and that is what is taught in Islamic economics. Keywords: Islam, Economy, Prosperity. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menjelasakn tentang korelasi antara ekonomi  dan  Islam.  Islam  adalah  agama  yang  sempurna  yang mengatur segala hal dalam kehidupan ini, termasuk juga ekonomi. Hal ini terbukti dengan konsep kesejahteraan yang dipaparkan dalam al-Quran dan Sunnah. Pada dasarnya tujuan hidup setiap manusia adalah untuk mencapai kesejahteraan, meskipun manusia memaknai kesejahteraan dengan perspektif  yang berbeda-beda. Sebagian besar paham ekonomi menganggap bahwa kesejahteraan adalah kesejahteraan material duniawi. Namun Islam memaknai kesejahteraan dengan istilah  Falah  yang  berarti  kesejahteraan  holistik  dan  seimbang antara dimensi material dan spiritual. Al-Quran dan Sunnah telah mengajarkan bahwa kesejahteraan akan tercapai jika manusia menjalani hidup secara seimbang antara material dan

  8. COOPERATION BETWEEN TEACHERS WITH LIBRARIAN SERVICE OF IN HIKMAH TELADAN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selly Setiani

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Perpustakaan merupakan bagian integral dilingkungan sekolah, oleh karena itu perlu adanya kerjasama dalam memaksimalkan potensi layanan perpustakaan sekolah. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menemukan jawaban dari rumusan kerjasama antara guru dengan pustakawan dalam layanan perpustakaan sekolah di Perpustakaan SD Hikmah Teladan. Selain dari itu untuk mengetahui bentuk kerjasama dalam layanan perpustakaan sekolah dan untuk mengetahui kriteria layanan perpustakaan sekolah. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode deskriptif. Teknik yang digunakan untuk pengambilan sampel yaitu teknik purposive sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara wawancara, observasi dan studi dokumentasi. Teknik pengolahan data dilakukan dengan cara reduksi data, analisis data dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa terdapat kerjasama antara guru dengan pustakawan dalam layanan perpustakaan sekolah. kerjasama penting untuk dilakukan guna mengoptimalkan potensi layanan perpustakaan sekolah. kerjasama yang dilakukan yaitu dalam bentuk pelaksanaan program kegiatan perpustakaan, pembinaan minat baca, promosi perpustakaan dan pembinaan koleksi. Perpustakaan SD Hikmah Teladan sebagai perpustakaan sekolah perlu melakukan kerjasama dengan berbagai pihak secara terus menerus dalam layanan perpustakaan sekolah. Kata kunci: kerjasama guru dengan pustakawan, layanan perpustakaan, pustakawan sekolah Abstract. The library is an integral part of the school environment, therefore the need for cooperation in maximizing the potential of school library services. This research is done to find the answer from the formula of cooperation between teachers and librarians in the school library services in elementary school libraries Hikmah Teladan. Aside from that to determine the form of cooperation in the school library services and to determine the criteria for school library services, theoretically and practically expected results of

  9. Pengaruh Pendekatan Cooperative Learning Tipe (TPS Think, Pair, and Share Terhadap Hasil Belajar PKn di Sekolah Dasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulistyani Puteri Ramadhani

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan pendekatan cooperative learning tipe think, pair, and share terhadap hasil belajar PKn pada siswa kelas V sekolah dasar. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di SDN Kebon Baru 10 Pagi dengan sampel penelitian siswa kelas V pada semester II tahun pelajaran 2016-2017. Sampel penelitian menggunakan teknik Simple Random Sampling. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen. Adapun teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan menggunakan lembar tes yang dilakukan setelah materi pembelajaran diberikan lembar tes untuk mengetahui hasil belajar PKn siswa, yang sebelumnya telah dilakukan pengujian validitas dan reliabilitas dengan justifikasi ahli dan dianalisis dengan uji normalitas dan uji homogenitas baik kelas kontrol maupun kelas eksperimen. Hasil pengujian normalitas menunjukan bahwa kedua kelas berdistribusi normal. Hasil pengujian homogenitas menunjukan bahwa kedua kelas tersebut homogen. Setelah dilakukan uji persyaratan analisis, maka dilakukan uji hipotesis dengan perhitungan uji-t. Berdasarkan hasil perhitungan uji-t maka hipotesis nol (Ho ditolak dan hipotesis kerja (H1 diterima. Dari perhitungan tersebut maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan pendekatan cooperative learning tipe think, pair, and share berpengaruh signifikan terhadap hasil belajar PKn pada siswa kelas V sekolah dasar. Implikasi hasil penelitian ini adalah penggunaan pendekatan cooperative learning tipe think, pair, and share pada pembelajaran PKn dapat  diterapkan guru agar dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa.

  10. Islam, Media, dan Politik : Sebuah Perdebatan dan Kontempelasi Nilai Berdemokrasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idil Akbar

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Infact, press or media is one of pilar democracy. Media in democracy is a public sphere to communi-cation and makes relation, and a same time as public arena to gain information. But, media also could not release from streotypes and tendency that usually bring of interest, either the owner or ideology. It is meaning media can not released from perspective distorsion, values bias and take a side. Media also effective to become propaganda instrument for a political interest and an ideology. It is seen like how media in US, for example, stereotype of Islam in discourses contradiction and glob-al interest opposition. Then, Islam dominantly identified as doctrine teaches radicalism, fundamen-talism and terorism. Thus, it is often be justification for US to operate the military mission in the name of democracy. Tak dipungkiri pers atau media menjadi salah satu pilar bagi demokrasi. Media dalam demokrasi adalah sebagai ruang bagi publik berkomunikasi dan berinteraksi, sekaligus sarana publik mem-peroleh informasi tentang banyak hal. Namun, media juga tak bisa dilepaskan dari stereotip dan kecenderungan-kecenderungan, yang biasanya membawa kepentingan, baik pemilik maupun ide-ologi. Media karenanya tak lepas dari distorsi perspektif, bias nilai dan berpihak. Media juga efektif menjadi alat propaganda bagi sebuah kepentingan politik dan ideologi, seperti bagaimana media di negara Amerika, misalnya, menstereotipkan Islam dalam analisis pertentangan wacana dan kepent-ingan global. Sehingga, dominan Islam diidentikkan dengan sematan sebagai ajaran yang mengajarkan radikalisme, fundamentalisme dan terorisme. Karenanya pula seringkali menjadi alasan pembenar bagi Amerika untuk menjalankan misi militer atas nama demokrasi.

  11. The nuclear and the energy supply of tomorrow. Stop the useless quarrels about the nuclear; Le nucleaire et l'approvisionnement energetique de demain. Cesser les querelles inutiles a propos du nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Following the paper of Hubert Reeves which developed the reasons of the the nuclear stopping, the author presents arguments to ease this opinion ( economic growth of the developing countries, greenhouse gases reduction, fossil fuels conservation, transportation sector) and proposes a cooperation between the nuclear and the renewable energies to satisfy a sustainable development. (A.L.B.)

  12. KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS DAN SEBARAN FAGACEAE DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purwaningsih Purwaningsih

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Fagaceae umumnya pohon, salah satu suku dengan jumlah jenis yang cukup besar ± 700 jenis di dunia tetapi sebagian besar tumbuh di belahan bumi utara. Di wilayah Malesia, ada lima marga yaitu Nothofagus, Castanopsis, Lithocarpus, Quercus dan Trigonobalanus dan jumlah jenis ± 180 dan sebagian besar di Indonesia tercatat 112 jenis. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan studi literatur untuk menentukan keanekaragaman jenis Fagaceae di Indonesia serta distribusi dan pemanfaatannya. Fagaceae paling banyak tumbuh di Indonesia adalah marga Lithocarpus (60 jenis dan Castanopsis (24 jenis, sementara Nothofagus (11 jenis sebarannya hanya di Papua. Distribusi jenis Lithocarpus paling di Sumatera (29 jenis dan Kalimantan (26 jenis, sementara Castanopsis paling banyak di Kalimantan (15 jenis. Untuk Nusa Tenggara tidak ditemukan jenis-jenis Fagaceae dan ke arah timur Indonesia semakin sedikit jumlah jenisnya, di Sulawesi dan Maluku hanya diketemukan satu jenis. Sebaran Fagaceae dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, terutama tanah, iklim, dan ketinggian. Di Indonesia habitat tumbuh Fagaceae di hutan yang masih alami, tetapi ada beberapa yang mampu tumbuh di rawa seperti Nothofagus womersleyi. Berdasarkan ketinggian tempat (altitude umumnya Fagaceae di hutan submontane dengan ketinggian 600-1500 m namun ada beberapa spesies yang mampu tumbuh hingga ketinggian >3000 m. Fagaceae yang memiliki sebaran luas (ditemukan di beberapa pulau ada dua jenis yaitu Castanopsis acuminatissima dan Lithocarpus elegans. Pada umumnya pemanfaatan Fagaceae adalah kayunya untuk bahan bangunan dan furniture tetapi ada jenis Castanopsis yang dapat dimakan bijinya dan selain itu kulit kayu mengandung tanin bisa untuk pewarna.

  13. Evaluasi Efektivitas Program Bina Keluarga dan Balita

    OpenAIRE

    Anti Asta Viani

    2009-01-01

    Penelitian bertujuan mengevaluasi efektivitas Program Bina Keluarga Balita di kecamatan Ngaglik Yogyakarta. Metode penelitian menggunakan pendekatan evaluasi CIPP Stufflebeam. Populasi terdiri dari 434 peserta dan 96 kader. Melalui teknik sampling acak berstrata proporsional terpilih 132 sampel dan 49 kader. Data diperoleh melalui kuesioner, wawancara, pengamatan, dan diolah secara deskriptif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan: (1) penyebaran program belum merata pada masyarakat bawah yang membutuhk...

  14. PRODUKSI NANOFIBER DAN APLIKASINYA DALAM PENGOLAHAN AIR

    OpenAIRE

    Krisnandika, Vania Elita

    2017-01-01

    Abstrak Kebutuhan air meningkat seiring meningkatnya jumlah penduduk dan taraf kehidupan masyarakat. Pembangunan yang dilakukan secara terus-menerus dan sangat cepat di Indonesia mengakibatkan penurunan kualitas air permukaan. Teknologi membran merupakan salah satu teknologi pengolahan air yang menghasilkan produk dengan kualitas tinggi. Membran berstruktur nano, khususnya nanofiber, saat ini menjadi perhatian karena menjawab kebutuhan teknologi filtrasi yang efektif dan hemat biaya. Pr...

  15. MUTU SEKOLAH DAN BUDAYA PARTISIPASI STAKEHOLDERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Kholis

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penelitian ini memotret dan mengeksplor pemaknaan konsep sekolah bermutu, pengembangan budaya partisipasi, dan budaya sekolah, serta peran-peran yang dilakukan aktor dalam melakukan rekayasa sosial sekolah ke arah tercapainya sekolah bermutu di lembaga konfesional MIN Tegalasri. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara mendalam, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Standar pengukuran keabsahan datanya adalah; derajat kepercayaan, keteralihan, kebergantungan dan kepastian. Ananlisis data dilakukan secara estafet mulai pengumpulan data, koleksi data, dan pemaknaan data. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa dua aspek mutu yang dicapai bidang akademik dan nonakademik; tingkat partisipasi mulai dari pimpinan, staf pendidik, staf kependidikan, peserta didik, komite sekolah, dan paguyuban kelas; budaya sekolah yang dikembangkan adalah konsolidasi internal-eksternal, mensinergikan potensi internal-eksternal, mendekatkan sekolah dengan masyarakat, bekerjasama dengan berbagai pihak, restrukturisasi dan revitalisasi komite sekolah dan paguyuban kelas, dan mengembangkan budaya bersih, indah dan nyaman; kepala sekolah merupakan aktor pengembangan budaya sekolah bermutu dan partisipasi stakeholders. Kata kunci: mutu sekolah, budaya partisipasi stakeholders

  16. Karakteristik Dan Spektrum Manajemen Pendidikan Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Jannah, Siti Raudhatul

    2013-01-01

    Artikel ini mendiskusikan mengenai manajemen pendidikan Islam, karakteristik, dan spektrumnya. Karakteristik manajemen pendidikan Islam harus didasarkan pada al-Qur'an dan Hadits serta pemikiran rasional yang telah diuji validitasnya. Spektrum manajemen pendidikan Islam meliputi lingkup manajemen personalia pendidikan Islam, manajemen peserta didik pendidikan Islam, maanjemen kurikulum pendidikan Islam, manajemen keuangan pendidikan Islam, manajemen sarana dan prasarana pendidikan Islam, mana...

  17. Podosit dan Slit Diafragma serta Perannya

    OpenAIRE

    Sudung O. Pardede

    2016-01-01

    Podosit dan slit diafragma adalah bagian dari dinding kapiler glomerulus ginjal yang mempunyai peran yang sangat penting dalam filtrasi glomerulus. Berbagai molekul terdapat pada podosit dan slit diafragma yang berperan penting dalam integritas proses filtrasi. Foot processes podosit berinteraksi dengan slit diafragma melalui interaksi antara nefrin dan Neph1 dalam slit diafragma dengan molekul adapter intraselular pada membran foot processes. Molekul adapter intraselular dalam...

  18. Sastra Lokal dan Industri Kreatif: Revitalisasi Sastra dan Budaya Using

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novi Anoegrajekti

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Pemerintah mencanangkan tahun 2009 sebagai Tahun Industri Kreatif. Seni pertunjukan, termasuk tradisi lisan yang ada di dalam pertunjukan menjadi salah satu prioritas yang akan dikembangkan agar bisa meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat pendukungnya. Tujuan tersebut representatif karena masyarakat Indonesia memiliki beragam seni pertunjukan dan sastra lokal yang apabila dikelola dengan baik bisa menjadi penopang munculnya ekonomi kreatif. Banyuwangi, misalnya, memiliki beragam seni pertunjukan dan tradisi lisan, seperti syair­ syair gandrung, lagu­lagu dalam pertunjukan angklung, cerita rakyat jinggoan, dan tradisi wangsalan dan basanan. Sampai saat ini, dinas terkait di Banyuwangi belum dapat membuat kebijakan yang mampu mendukung terciptanya pola pikir, sistem, dan praktik industri kreatif berbasis lokalitas dan tetap mengedepankan karakteristik nilai­nilai kultural yang ada. Untuk itu, tulisan ini bertujuan mengembangkan model industri kreatif berbasis sastra lokal dan budaya Using. Dengan metode etnografis dan analisis yang menggunakan pendekatan cultural studies, model tersebut diharapkan mampu mengembangkan industri kreatif di wilayah lokal. Abstract: The Indonesian government announced the year of 2009 as the Creative Industry Year. Performing art, including oral tradition existing in performance, has become a priority which will be developed to improve the prosperity of its supporting community. This goal is representative because Indonesian people have various performing arts and local literature which, if well managed, will support the creative economy. Banyuwangi, for instance, has various performing arts and oral tradition, such as gandrung poems, songs in angklung performance, jinggoan folklores, and traditions of wangsalan and basanan. To date, the relevant services of Banyuwangi government have not been able to make policies able to support the creation of creative industry pattern of thinking, system, and practice which are

  19. Cooperation--not confrontation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-07-06

    A brief summary is provided of several presentations at the Fifth Congress of the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), held 28 June to 1 July 1985 in Budapest. Former West German Chancellor Willy Brandt opened the meeting by reminding delegates that world peace is a fundamental human right, and that preserving it is the responsibility of all nations, not just the superpowers. The co-presidents of IPPNW, Dr. Eugene Chazov and Dr. Bernard Lown, outlined the dangers of nuclear warfare today and the role their organization is playing in alerting people to the realities of nuclear destruction and in encouraging dialogue between East and West. Dr. Halfdan Mahler, director-general of the World Health Organization, called for international cooperation in solving world health problems.

  20. MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT PASCAERUPSI GUNUNG MERAPI DI JAWA TENGAH DAN YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masrukin -

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan membuat model pemberdayaan masyarakat pascaerupsi Gunung Merapi di lokasi yang terkena dampak paling parah yaitu: di Desa Tlogolele Kecamatan Selo Kabupaten Boyolali, Desa Jumuyo Kecamatan Salam Kabupaten Magelang dan Desa Balerante Kecamatan Kemalang Kabupaten Klaten Provinsi Jawa Tengah serta Desa Kepuharjo Kecamatan Cangkringan Kabupaten Sleman Provinsi Yogyakarta. Menggunakan metode Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA untuk melakukan pengkajian keadaan desa secara partisipatif melalui wawancara mendalam, observasi dan focus group discussion (FGD. Hasil penelitian menunjukan dari keempat lokasi, memiliki kesamaan dalam model pemberdayaan yaitu: (1 Masyarakat  membutuhkan serangkaian kegiatan pemberdayaan secara menyeluruh, antara kegiatan penyuluhan, pelatihan dan pendampingan. Karena selama ini, masyarakat telah mendapat penyuluhan, pelatihan dan bantuan, akan tetapi untuk program pendampingan yang dibutuhkan tidak diberikan. Akibatnya kurang mendukung pada keberlanjutan, peningkatan produktivitas dan pemasaran.  (2 Masyarakat membutuhkan lembaga koperasi yang memiliki badan hukum sebagai pusat usaha perekonomian untuk memenuhi kebutuhan permodalan, bahan baku, dan akses jaringan pemasaran. (3 Masyarakat membutuhkan pelatihan secara periodik dan penguatan kembali kelompok siaga bencana di tingkat desa. AbstractThis research aims to create empowerment model after the eruption of Mount Merapi in locations most severely affected: Tlogolele Village of Selo District in Boyolali Regency, Jumoyo Village of Salam District in Magelang Regency and  Balerante Village in Kemalang District of Klaten Regency in Central Java Province and Kepuharjo Village of Cangkringan District in Sleman Regency in Yogyakarta Province. The research used Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA method for assessing participatory village situation through in-depth interviews, observation and focus group discussion (FGD. The results showed that

  1. ANALISIS KINERJA PKPRI PADA ASPEK KERJASAMA ANTAR KPRI DAN PADA ASPEK KEPEDULIAN TERHADAP KOMUNITAS KPRI DI KABUPATEN PEMALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wandha Norendra

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Analisis kinerja pada� PKPRI masih menggunakan cara lama yaitu hanya menggunakan penilaian keuangan dengan menggunakan analisis rasio keuangan rentabilitas, likuiditas, dan solvabilitas. Bukannya dengan menggunakan pedoman dari kepmen no 129 tahun 2002 yang dikeluarkan oleh menteri koperasi dan UKM. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis dan mendeskripsikan kinerja pada PKPRI pada aspek kerjasama antar KPRI dan pada aspek kepedulian terhadap komunitas KPRI di Kabupaten Pemalang. Penelitian ini merupakan studi kasus pada PKPRI dan KPRI di Kabupaten Pemalang. Pendekatan penelitian yang akan� digunakan dalam penulisan skripsi ini adalah metode penelitian deskriptif� kuantitatif yaitu apabila datanya telah terkumpul,� kemudian diklasifikasikan menjadi dua kelompok data, yaitu data kuantitatif yang berbentuk angka-angka dan data kualitatif yang menyatakan dalam kata-kata atau simbol-simbol (Suharsimi, 2006: 239. Hasil dalam penelitian ini adalah kerjasama antar KPRI dikategorikan baik, kepedulian terhadap komunitas KPRI juga dikategorikan baik. � Analysis of the performance of the PKPRI still use the old way is just using financial valuation using financial ratio analysis of profitability, liquidity and solvency. Instead of using the guidelines of the Decree No. 129 of 2002 issued by the minister of cooperatives and SMEs. The purpose of this study is to analyze and describe the performance of the PKPRI KPRI aspects of cooperation and concern for the community aspect KPRI in Pemalang. This research is a case study on PKPRI and KPRI in Pemalang. The research approach will be used in writing this thesis is descriptive quantitative research method is if the data has been collected and then classified into two groups of data, the quantitative data in the form of figures and qualitative data are expressed in words or symbols (Suharsimi , 2006: 239. The results of this study are categorized KPRI good cooperation, concern for the

  2. Optimalisasi Pengelolaan dan Pemanfaatan Aset Tanah dan Bangunan Perguruan Tinggi Negeri (PTN yang Melaksanakan Pengelolaan Keuangan Badan Layanan Umum (PK BLU0 dalam Rangka Meningkatkan Pelayanan Pendidikan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Kania Sugiharti

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Perguruan Tinggi Negeri Pengelolaan Keuangan Badan Layanan Umum (PTN-PK BLU merupakan instansi pemerintah yang diberi kewenangan untuk melakukan pengelolaan keuangan badan layanan umum, dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan pelayanan bidang pendidikan kepada masyarakat dalam rangka mencerdaskan kehidupan bangsa. Fleksibilitas dalam pengelolaan keuangan PTNPKBLU berdasarkan prinsip ekonomi dan produktivitas, serta penerapan praktik bisnis yang sehat. Berdasarkan PP Nomor 23 Tahun 2005 dan PP Nomor 6 Tahun 2006 sebagaimana telah diubah dengan PP Nomor 38 Tahun 2008, fleksibilitas tersebut hanya berlaku dalam pengelolaan keuangan. Tanah dan bangunan yang berada dalam penguasaan PTNPKBLU, wajib dipergunakan sesuai dengan tugas pokok dan fungsi PTNPKBLU tersebut. Secara normatif, tidak ada ketentuan yang memberikan wewenang kepada kuasa pengguna barang untuk memanfaatkannya untuk tujuan lain. Aturan memberi peluang untuk mendayagunakan barang milik negara yang tidak dipergunakan sesuai dengan tugas pokok dan fungsi, yaitu dalam bentuk sewa, pinjam pakai, kerja sama pemanfaatan, dan bangun serah guna/bangun guna serah dengan tidak mengubah status kepemilikan, namun pemanfaatan tersebut hanya dapat dilakukan oleh pengelola barang, bukan oleh kuasa pengguna barang. Dalam hal ini, kuasa pengguna barang milik negara hanya berwenang dan bertanggung jawab untuk menyerahkan tanah dan/atau bangunan yang tidak dimanfaatkan untuk kepentingan penyelenggaraan tugas pokok dan fungsi kantor yang dipimpinnya tersebut, kepada pengguna barang. Abstract State University implementing PK BLU is a government agency with the right to use Pengelolaan Keuangan Badan Layanan Umum (PK BLU to better increase educational service in order to improve the intellectual life of the people of Indonesia. Flexibility in a State University implementing PK BLU has to be based on economic principles, productivity, and fairness. Based on Government Regulation 23/2005 and Government

  3. PENENTUAN ANGKA OKTANA BAHAN BAKAR KOMERSIAL DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN MODEL KINETIKA OKSIDASI DAN PEMBAKARAN HIDROKARBON MULTIKOMPONEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuswan Muharam

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the characteristics of gasoline fuel is anti-knock property represented by its octanenumber. The determination of octane numbers in Indonesia is by using cooperative fuel researchengines. The usage of cooperative fuel research engines in Indonesia has constraints, i.e. the limitednumber of the units and the old age. This study aims to obtain the octane numbers of commercialfuels by using kinetic models. The kinetics models of the oxidation and combustion of primaryreference fuel and multi component hydrocarbons are used to calculate the ignition delay times ofprimary reference fuel and commercial fuels, respectively. The ignition delay times of primaryreference fuel and commercial fuels are calculated at the same initial pressure and temperature, aswell as the same equivalence ratio. The octane number of a commercial fuel is known if its ignitiondelay time agrees with that of PFR possessing a certain volume percentage of isooctane. The modelgenerates the octane numbers of commercial fuels BB-A being 92.5, BB-B being 94.5, BB-C being89, BB-D being 90.5 and BB-E being 91.5 with the good agreement with those claimed by the fuelproducers. Salah satu karakteristik bahan bakar bensin adalah sifat anti ketukan yang dinyatakan dengan angkaoktana. Penentuan angka oktana di Indonesia menggunakan mesin CFR (cooperative fuel research.Pemakaian mesin CFR di Indonesia memiliki kendala, yaitu jumlah unit terbatas dan usia tua.Penelitian ini bertujuan mendapatkan angka oktana bahan bakar komersial dengan menggunakanmodel kinetika. Model kinetika oksidasi dan pembakaran bahan bakar rujukan utama dan modelhidrokarbon multikomponen yang telah divalidasi masing-masing digunakan untuk menghitungwaktu tunda ignisi bahan bakar rujukan utama dan bahan bakar komersial. Waktu tunda ignisibahan bakar rujukan utama dan bahan bakar komersial dihitung pada tekanan dan temperatur awal,serta rasio ekuivalensi yang sama. Angka oktana suatu bahan bakar komersial

  4. Marketing Cooperatives and Financial Structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendrikse, G.W.J.; Veerman, C.P.

    1995-01-01

    The relationship between the financial structure of marketing cooperatives and the requirement of the domination of control by the members of the cooperative is analysed with an emphasis on incomplete contracts and system complementarities. It is argued that the disappearance of shortage markets in

  5. Progress of international evaluation cooperation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shibata, Keiichi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    1998-03-01

    The international evaluation cooperation started to remove the differences among major nuclear data libraries such as JENDL, ENDF, and JEF. The results obtained from the cooperation have been used to improve the quality of the libraries. This paper describes the status of the ongoing projects and several remarkable results so far obtained from the projects already finished. (author)

  6. Does facial resemblance enhance cooperation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trang Giang

    Full Text Available Facial self-resemblance has been proposed to serve as a kinship cue that facilitates cooperation between kin. In the present study, facial resemblance was manipulated by morphing stimulus faces with the participants' own faces or control faces (resulting in self-resemblant or other-resemblant composite faces. A norming study showed that the perceived degree of kinship was higher for the participants and the self-resemblant composite faces than for actual first-degree relatives. Effects of facial self-resemblance on trust and cooperation were tested in a paradigm that has proven to be sensitive to facial trustworthiness, facial likability, and facial expression. First, participants played a cooperation game in which the composite faces were shown. Then, likability ratings were assessed. In a source memory test, participants were required to identify old and new faces, and were asked to remember whether the faces belonged to cooperators or cheaters in the cooperation game. Old-new recognition was enhanced for self-resemblant faces in comparison to other-resemblant faces. However, facial self-resemblance had no effects on the degree of cooperation in the cooperation game, on the emotional evaluation of the faces as reflected in the likability judgments, and on the expectation that a face belonged to a cooperator rather than to a cheater. Therefore, the present results are clearly inconsistent with the assumption of an evolved kin recognition module built into the human face recognition system.

  7. Interinstitutional Cooperation Among Educational Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whaley, J. Patrick

    1973-01-01

    Educational institutions deciding whether to carry on a cooperative venture with another educational institution (to reduce costs) must consider the tax consequences. This article discusses the tax considerations involved in such cooperative arrangements for the various organizational forms: principal-agent, co-ownership, partnership or joint…

  8. Generation Z, Meet Cooperative Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igel, Charles; Urquhart, Vicki

    2012-01-01

    Today's Generation Z teens need to develop teamwork and social learning skills to be successful in the 21st century workplace. Teachers can help students develop these skills and enhance academic achievement by implementing cooperative learning strategies. Three key principles for successful cooperative learning are discussed. (Contains 1 figure.)

  9. Making Cooperative Learning Groups Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawley, James; De Jong, Cherie

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the use of cooperative-learning groups with middle school students. Describes cooperative-learning techniques, including group roles, peer evaluation, and observation and monitoring. Considers grouping options, including group size and configuration, dyads, the think-pair-share lecture, student teams achievement divisions, jigsaw groups,…

  10. Market Competition and Efficient Cooperation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brandts, J.; Riedl, Arno

    2016-01-01

    We find that in market-partners, market experience has adverse effects on the efficiency of cooperation on both market-winner and market-loser pairs. In market-strangers, pairs of market-winners manage to cooperate more efficiently. These results indicate that it is not market experience per se that

  11. Cooperative processes in image segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, L. S.

    1982-01-01

    Research into the role of cooperative, or relaxation, processes in image segmentation is surveyed. Cooperative processes can be employed at several levels of the segmentation process as a preprocessing enhancement step, during supervised or unsupervised pixel classification and, finally, for the interpretation of image segments based on segment properties and relations.

  12. The early evolution of cooperation in humans

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Czárán, T.; Aanen, Duur K.

    2016-01-01

    The evolution of cooperation is difficult to understand, because cheaters-individuals who profit without cooperating themselves-have a benefit in interaction with cooperators. Cooperation among humans is even more difficult to understand, because cooperation occurs in large groups, making

  13. Nuclear energy and international cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oshima, Keiichi

    1981-01-01

    There is no need to emphasize that nuclear energy cannot be developed without international cooperation at either the industrial or the academic level. In the meanwhile, there have been some marked political, economic and social changes in recent years which are posing constraints to the international cooperation in nuclear energy. The problems and constraints impeding nuclear power programs cannot be overcome by only one nation; international cooperation with common efforts to solve the problems is essential. Nuclear energy is different from fossil energy resources in that it is highly technology-intensive while others are resource-intensive. International cooperation in technology has an entirely different importance in the field of nuclear energy. Educational institutions will play a role in a new era of the international cooperation. (Mori, K.)

  14. Transparency in Cooperative Online Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Christian; Paulsen, Morten Flate

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss the following question: What is the potential of social networking within cooperative online education? Social networking does not necessarily involve communication, dialogue, or collaboration. Instead, the authors argue that transparency is a unique...... feature of social networking services. Transparency gives students insight into each other’s actions. Cooperative learning seeks to develop virtual learning environments that allow students to have optimal individual freedom within online learning communities. This article demonstrates how cooperative...... learning can be supported by transparency. To illustrate this with current examples, the article presents NKI Distance Education’s surveys and experiences with cooperative learning. The article discusses by which means social networking and transparency may be utilized within cooperative online education...

  15. Non-cooperative game theory

    CERN Document Server

    Fujiwara-Greve, Takako

    2015-01-01

    This is a textbook for university juniors, seniors, and graduate students majoring in economics, applied mathematics, and related fields. Each chapter is structured so that a core concept of that chapter is presented with motivations, useful applications are given, and related advanced topics are discussed for future study. Many helpful exercises at various levels are provided at the end of each chapter. Therefore, this book is most suitable for readers who intend to study non-cooperative game theory rigorously for both theoretical studies and applications. Game theory consists of non-cooperative games and cooperative games. This book covers only non-cooperative games, which are major tools used in current economics and related areas. Non-cooperative game theory aims to provide a mathematical prediction of strategic choices by decision makers (players) in situations of conflicting interest. Through the logical analyses of strategic choices, we obtain a better understanding of social (economic, business) probl...

  16. Cross-border innovation cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjaltadóttir, Rannveig Edda; Makkonen, Teemu; Sørensen, Nils Karl

    2017-01-01

    of innovativeness increase the likelihood of cross-border innovation cooperation. Accordingly, geographical proximity to international borders is found to have a significant, positive effect on selecting partners within the European Union. The multivariate probit model shows that the decision of choosing a domestic......Finding a suitable partner is paramount for the success of innovation cooperation. Thus, this paper sets out to analyse the determinants of cross-border innovation cooperation in Denmark by focusing on partner selection. The aim of the article is to investigate determinants of partner selection...... cooperation patterns of Danish firms focusing on their choices of foreign innovation partners. The results indicate that firm size and research and development (R&D) intensity have a positive effect on firm’s propensity to cooperate on innovation and that having R&D activities abroad as well as high level...

  17. Japanese efforts in international cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kawaguchi, M.; Uchida, T.; Yoshikawa, M.

    1983-01-01

    The Science and Technology Agency of the Japanese Governmentreviews the present status of cooperative activities. The International Atomic Energy Meetings are discussed, as well as the INTOR workshop, atomic and molecular data activities, and progress in international cooperation. Other functions of the International Energy Agency include the promotion of cooperation programs which involve transfer or joint utilization of hardware contributed by the participating organizations. Meetings and ducting magnets for fusion power, RandD on plasma-wall interactions in the TEXTOR, and RandD on radiation damage in fusion materials. A section on Japanese-U.S. cooperation is highlighted, and includes the personnel exchange program, the Japanese research project using Doublet-III, joint research for plasma physics, and promotion of joint planning. Cooperation with the USSR and other countries is discussed

  18. Evaluasi Efektivitas Program Bina Keluarga dan Balita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anti Asta Viani

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian bertujuan mengevaluasi efektivitas Program Bina Keluarga Balita di kecamatan Ngaglik Yogyakarta. Metode penelitian menggunakan pendekatan evaluasi CIPP Stufflebeam. Populasi terdiri dari 434 peserta dan 96 kader. Melalui teknik sampling acak berstrata proporsional terpilih 132 sampel dan 49 kader. Data diperoleh melalui kuesioner, wawancara, pengamatan, dan diolah secara deskriptif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan: (1 penyebaran program belum merata pada masyarakat bawah yang membutuhkan, (2 meski ditemukan kelemahan, pelaksanaan program BKB dinilai berhasil; pengetahuan, penerapan, dan perubahan perilaku peserta berubah lebih positif, (3 kehadiran BKB masih diperlukan, mengingat banyaknya jumlah balita; ibu berpendidikan rendah; dan keluarga yang tingkat kesejahteraannya rendah.

  19. The hard problem of cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eriksson, Kimmo; Strimling, Pontus

    2012-01-01

    Based on individual variation in cooperative inclinations, we define the "hard problem of cooperation" as that of achieving high levels of cooperation in a group of non-cooperative types. Can the hard problem be solved by institutions with monitoring and sanctions? In a laboratory experiment we find that the answer is affirmative if the institution is imposed on the group but negative if development of the institution is left to the group to vote on. In the experiment, participants were divided into groups of either cooperative types or non-cooperative types depending on their behavior in a public goods game. In these homogeneous groups they repeatedly played a public goods game regulated by an institution that incorporated several of the key properties identified by Ostrom: operational rules, monitoring, rewards, punishments, and (in one condition) change of rules. When change of rules was not possible and punishments were set to be high, groups of both types generally abided by operational rules demanding high contributions to the common good, and thereby achieved high levels of payoffs. Under less severe rules, both types of groups did worse but non-cooperative types did worst. Thus, non-cooperative groups profited the most from being governed by an institution demanding high contributions and employing high punishments. Nevertheless, in a condition where change of rules through voting was made possible, development of the institution in this direction was more often voted down in groups of non-cooperative types. We discuss the relevance of the hard problem and fit our results into a bigger picture of institutional and individual determinants of cooperative behavior.

  20. The hard problem of cooperation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kimmo Eriksson

    Full Text Available Based on individual variation in cooperative inclinations, we define the "hard problem of cooperation" as that of achieving high levels of cooperation in a group of non-cooperative types. Can the hard problem be solved by institutions with monitoring and sanctions? In a laboratory experiment we find that the answer is affirmative if the institution is imposed on the group but negative if development of the institution is left to the group to vote on. In the experiment, participants were divided into groups of either cooperative types or non-cooperative types depending on their behavior in a public goods game. In these homogeneous groups they repeatedly played a public goods game regulated by an institution that incorporated several of the key properties identified by Ostrom: operational rules, monitoring, rewards, punishments, and (in one condition change of rules. When change of rules was not possible and punishments were set to be high, groups of both types generally abided by operational rules demanding high contributions to the common good, and thereby achieved high levels of payoffs. Under less severe rules, both types of groups did worse but non-cooperative types did worst. Thus, non-cooperative groups profited the most from being governed by an institution demanding high contributions and employing high punishments. Nevertheless, in a condition where change of rules through voting was made possible, development of the institution in this direction was more often voted down in groups of non-cooperative types. We discuss the relevance of the hard problem and fit our results into a bigger picture of institutional and individual determinants of cooperative behavior.

  1. STRUKTUR DAN PRODUKSI LEBAH Trigona spp. PADA SARANG BERBENTUK TABUNG DAN BOLA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putu Ade Hinduari Putra

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Lebah tanpa sengat (Trigona spp. dapat menghasilkan madu yang bermanfaat bagi kesehatan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui : (1 morfologi Trigona spp., (2 struktur internal sarang Trigona spp. pada sarang berbentuk tabung dan bola, (3 volume sarang serta perkiraan produksi madu, beebread dan selanakan Trigona spp. pada sarang berbentuk tabung dan bola. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan November 2014. Sampel yang digunakan adalah koloni dan sarang Trigona spp. berbentuk tabung dan bola yang diambil di Desa Padang Tunggal,Kecamatan Selat, Kabupaten Karangasem, Bali. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa nama spesies dari sampel koloni Trigona spp. pada sarang berbentuk tabung dan bola adalah Trigona laeviceps. Struktur internal sarang Trigona spp. pada sarang berbentuk tabung dan bola mempunyai pola susunan yaitu pot madu, pot beebread dan pot sel anakan. Volume sarang besar memberikan perkiraan total jumlah produksi madu, beebread dan selanakan lebih banyak dibandingkan volume sarang kecil.

  2. MITOS DAN HIPERREALITAS KOMUNIKASI POLITIK (Studi Iklan Pemilu Jusuf Kalla-Wiranto Versi Humble dan Mampu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anang Masduki

    2016-02-01

    Salah satu elemen politik dalam demokrasi modern adalah merebaknya iklan politik. Dalam pemilu 2009 di Indonesia salah satu pasangan yaitu Jusuf Kalla dan Wiranto juga melakukan iklan khususnya di televisi. Hal ini dilakukan untuk mendongkrak popularitas dan elektabilitasnya demi memenangkan pemilu. Di dalam iklan tersebut terdapat mitos dan hiperrealitas. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengungkap mitos dan hiperrealitas yang ada dalam iklan dengan judul “humble” dan “mampu” milik pasangan tersebut. Adapun metode yang digunakan adalah teori semiotika Roland Barthes. dengan pendekatan dua tahap yang dipopulerkan oleh Roland Barthes, makna konotasi dan makna denotasi, pengungkapan makna simbol-simbol dalam iklan akan semakin mencolok. Dari analisis didapat bahwa frase negarawan dan merakyat menjadi fokus mitos dan hiperrealitas yang dilakukan oleh Jusuf Kalla dan Wiranto dalam iklannya.

  3. ETIKA BISNIS AL-GHAZALI DAN ADAM SMITH DALAM PERSPEKTIF ILMU BISNIS DAN EKONOMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AM. M. Hafidz MS.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini adalah untuk mengeksplorasi: (1 pembangunan etika bisnis yang telah dirumuskan oleh al-Ghazali dan Adam Smith, (2 persamaan dan perbedaan antara dua etika bisnis pria, dan (3 relevansi bisnis mereka etika bisnis modern dunia dan ekonomi. Bisnis etika dibangun oleh al-Ghazali dan Smith di dataran praksis tidak jauh berbeda. Etika bisnis konstruksi dibangun oleh al-Ghazali didasarkan pada prinsip-prinsip seperti orientasi itikad baik tentang dunia dan akhirat, kejujuran, kepentingan pribadi dan social keseimbangan, dan perilaku / perbuatan yang tepat. Di sisi lain, etika bisnis konstruksi dibangun oleh Smith, berdasarkan keadilan, altruisme, keadilan dan liberal (kebebasan ekonomi. Baik etika bisnis yang diperkenalkan oleh kedua sangat relevan untuk menjadi digunakan sebagai bahan pokok acuan dalam etika bisnis modern.

  4. Pengembangan Sistem Otomatisasi AC dan Lampu Menggunakan Fuzzy dan Raspberry Pi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudy Ariyanto

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Otomatisasi AC dan lampu dilakukan untuk menghemat energi yang digunakan pada kehidupan sehari-hari. Dalam pengembangan otomatisasi AC dan lampu perlu menerapkan sebuah perangkat yang memiliki fungsi maksimal dengan harga yang minimal. Raspberry Pi merupakan perangkat atau modul dengan harga rendah yang mampu melakukan komunikasi wireless tanpa bantuan modul lain. Dalam pengembangan otomatisasi AC dan lampu juga diperlukan sebuah metode yang mampu melakukan kontrol terhadap nyala AC dan lampu. Penerapan metode fuzzy dapat dilakukan untuk menghimpun informasi keadaan ruang yang didapat dari sensor untuk menentukan nyala AC dan lampu secara otomatis. Oleh sebab itu pada penelitian ini mengusulkan pengembangan otomatisasi AC dan lampu menggunakan Raspberry Pi dan Fuzzy. Otomatisasi AC dan lampu menggunakan Raspberry Pi yang menerapkan metode Fuzzy dapat menghemat energi hingga 59,87% dalam hal lama waktu nyala AC dan 57,47% untuk lumenasi lampu

  5. Sistem Informasi Penjualan dan Pemesanan Layanan Berbasis Web dan SMS Gateway di Petshop "PetZone"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siska Fadhilah Wati

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Dewasa ini teknologi informasi sangat membantu dalam dunia bisnis. Kemudahan yang ditawarkan akan menjaring lebih banyak konsumen. Namun, perusahan tingkat menengah seperti PetZone saat ini masih jarang yang menawarkan kemudahan berbelanja atau pemesanan layanan secara online. Oleh karena itu diperlukan sebuah sistem berbasis web di perusahaan PetZone yang dapat memudahkan pemilik dan karyawan dalam apenjualan, pelayanan, dan pemasaran, serta memudahkan pelanggan dalam jual-beli barang dan jasa. Atas dasar masalah tersebut dibangun Sistem Informasi Penjualan dan Pemesanan Layanan Berbasis Web dan SMS Gateway untuk menunjang proses bisnis yang ada. Sistem informasi dibangun menggunakan bahasa pemrograman PHP framework Codeigniter, javascript untuk tampilan yang dinamis, dan database MySQL. Proses pembuatan dan pengembangan Sistem Informasi Penjualan ini menggunakan metode air terjun. Metode air terjun meliputi kebutuhan pengguna, analisis, rancangan, implementasi dan pengujian. Pemodelan Sistem Informasi yang dibangun menggunakan metode berorientasi objek UML (Unified Modeling Language yang terdiri dari Use case  diagram, Class diagram dan Sequence diagram. Hasil pengujian Sistem Informasi Penjualan dan Pemesanan Layanan Berbasis Web dan SMS Gateway menunjukkan bahwa semua fitur yang terdapat baik dalam sistem informasi maupun SMS gateway dapat bekerja dengan baikdengan ratusan sample data, dan server SMS gateway dapat memproses lebih dari satu SMS secara bersamaan. Dalam perkembangan ke depannya nanti, Sistem Informasi Penjualan dan Pemesanan Layanan Berbasis Web dan SMS Gateway masih dapat dikembangkan lagi dengan menambah fitur-fitur pada SMS gateway sehingga lebih memudahkan konsumen.

  6. HUMAN MACHINE COOPERATIVE TELEROBOTICS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    William R. Hamel; Spivey Douglass; Sewoong Kim; Pamela Murray; Yang Shou; Sriram Sridharan; Ge Zhang; Scott Thayer; Rajiv V. Dubey

    2003-01-01

    research described as Human Machine Cooperative Telerobotics (HMCTR). The HMCTR combines the telerobot with robotic control techniques to improve the system efficiency and reliability in teleoperation mode. In this topical report, the control strategy, configuration and experimental results of Human Machines Cooperative Telerobotics (HMCTR), which modifies and limits the commands of human operator to follow the predefined constraints in the teleoperation mode, is described. The current implementation is a laboratory-scale system that will be incorporated into an engineering-scale system at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the future

  7. HUMAN MACHINE COOPERATIVE TELEROBOTICS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    William R. Hamel; Spivey Douglass; Sewoong Kim; Pamela Murray; Yang Shou; Sriram Sridharan; Ge Zhang; Scott Thayer; Rajiv V. Dubey

    2003-06-30

    described as Human Machine Cooperative Telerobotics (HMCTR). The HMCTR combines the telerobot with robotic control techniques to improve the system efficiency and reliability in teleoperation mode. In this topical report, the control strategy, configuration and experimental results of Human Machines Cooperative Telerobotics (HMCTR), which modifies and limits the commands of human operator to follow the predefined constraints in the teleoperation mode, is described. The current implementation is a laboratory-scale system that will be incorporated into an engineering-scale system at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the future.

  8. PERANCANGAN DAN PENGEMBANGAN PROTOTYPE SISTEM PARKIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indah Ayu Septriyaningrum

    2016-10-01

    Abstrak  Sistem parkir manual pada pelayanan parkir mall memerlukan pengelolaan dan pengembangan sistem yang lebih rumit dan jauh dari kata efisien. Informasi yang didapatkan pengelola parkir terkait kondisi parkir di lapangan setiap harinya masih kurang. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah merancang dan mengembangkan prototype sistem parkir. Metode pengembangan dan perancangan sistem pada penelitian ini adalah metode Waterfall. Hasil yang didapatkan adalah sistem ini dapat mendeteksi keberadaan mobil pada slot parkir yang tersedia dengan bantuan Intel Galileo Board Gen 2 sebagai kontroler, sensor LDR (Light Dependent Resistor dan sensor ultrasonik (PING sebagai alat bantu pendeteksi keberadaan mobil. Sistem dapat menampilkan aktifitas parkir pada aplikasi web seperti kondisi lahan parkir kosong, lahan terisi, waktu masuk, waktu keluar, lama parkir dan kapasitas parkir yang tersedia serta grafik pemakaian lahan parkir. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa perancangan dan pengembangan sistem berhasil diimplementasikan. Kata Kunci : Sistem parkir, waterfall, Intel Galileo Board Gen 2,sensor LDR (Light Dependent Resistor, sensor ultrasonik

  9. Some aspects of nuclear graphite production in France; Etude generale sur les graphites nucleaires produits en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gueron, J.; Hering, H. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Legendre, A. [Pechiney, 75 - Paris (France)

    1958-07-01

    1) Manufacturing: A summary and results on the CEA-Pechiney purification process are given. Variations in the preparation of green pastes and their effects on graphitized material are described. 2) Physical and mechanical properties: Results are given on: - Statistics of dimensional variatior products having square cross-section. - Statistical variation of thermal expansion coefficients and of electrical conductivity. - Density of normals to carbon layer planes and their connexion with thermal expansion. - Stress-strain cycles and conclusions drawn therefrom. - Mechanical resistance and gas permeability of items for supporting fuel elements. 3) Behaviour under radiation: Alteration under radiation of French graphites irradiated either in G1 pile or in experimental piles, and thermal annealing of those alterations, are given. (author)Fren. [French] 1) Fabrication: On resume le procede d'epuration CEA-PECHINEY, ainsi que diverses modalites de preparation des pates et on expose les resultats obtenus. 2) Proprietes physiques et mecaniques: On indique le resultat d'etudes sur: - la statistique des dimensions de produits a section carree. - celle des variations des coefficients de dilatation thermique et de la conductibilite electrique. - la densite des normales aux plans graphitiques et leur connexion avec la dilatation thermique. - la compression mecanique du graphite. - la solidite mecanique et la permeabilite aux gaz de pieces destinees a supporter des cartouches de combustible. 3) Tenue sous rayonnement: Modification sous rayonnement des graphites fran is irradies soit dans la pile G1, soit dans des piles experimentales, et guerison thermique de ces modifications. (auteur)

  10. Advisory and autonomous cooperative driving systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broek, T.H.A. van den; Ploeg, J.; Netten, B.D.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, the traffic efficiency of an advisory cooperative driving system, Advisory Acceleration Control is examined and compared to the efficiency of an autonomous cooperative driving system, Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control. The algorithms and implementation thereof are explained. The

  11. Social Capital and Diversification of Cooperatives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. Deng (Wendong)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ This thesis contributes to two research streams of the literature regarding agricultural cooperatives, namely, social capital and product diversification of cooperatives. First, the thesis examines the nature of a marketing cooperative by considering both its economic

  12. 7 CFR 1000.18 - Cooperative association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL PROVISIONS OF FEDERAL MILK MARKETING ORDERS Definitions § 1000.18 Cooperative association. Cooperative association means any cooperative marketing...

  13. PENINGKATAN SOFTSKILL MAHASISWA PADA MATERI SISTEM SOSIAL MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN MEDIA MINDSCAPE DAN DISKUSI KOOPERATIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esti Sarjanti

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This research was aimed at improving students softskill on the topic of social system through cooperative discussion and mindscape learning. This action research was done in two cycles and meant to get data on lecturers and student activity as well as the softskill of 45 PGSD students of University Muhammadiyah Purwokerto. The data include their initiatives, integrity, self concept, creativity, critical-thinking ability, commitment, learning motivation. Data was taken through observation and analyzed descriptively to know their learning activities which where categorized from less active to active, while the softskill was categorized from lacking to good. The result showed that lecturers activity which were already good were able to improve the students softskill in the aspect of integrity/ cooperating ability, learning commitment and motivation. The other aspect of students softskill were still in medium level category and needed to be improved. Key words: softskill, cooperative, dan mindscape

  14. Social learning in cooperative dilemmas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamba, Shakti

    2014-07-22

    Helping is a cornerstone of social organization and commonplace in human societies. A major challenge for the evolutionary sciences is to explain how cooperation is maintained in large populations with high levels of migration, conditions under which cooperators can be exploited by selfish individuals. Cultural group selection models posit that such large-scale cooperation evolves via selection acting on populations among which behavioural variation is maintained by the cultural transmission of cooperative norms. These models assume that individuals acquire cooperative strategies via social learning. This assumption remains empirically untested. Here, I test this by investigating whether individuals employ conformist or payoff-biased learning in public goods games conducted in 14 villages of a forager-horticulturist society, the Pahari Korwa of India. Individuals did not show a clear tendency to conform or to be payoff-biased and are highly variable in their use of social learning. This variation is partly explained by both individual and village characteristics. The tendency to conform decreases and to be payoff-biased increases as the value of the modal contribution increases. These findings suggest that the use of social learning in cooperative dilemmas is contingent on individuals' circumstances and environments, and question the existence of stably transmitted cultural norms of cooperation. © 2014 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.

  15. Lõuka tuuliku restaureerimine / Dan Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Dan

    2005-01-01

    Hiiumaal Pühalepa vallas Vahtrepa külas Lõuka talu maadel asuva pukktuuliku ajaloost, restaureerimise käigust. Teostus: Dan Lukas. Muinsuskaitseline järelevalve: Tõnu Sepp, tema kommentaar. Ill.:pukktuuliku lõiked ja korruste plaanid, 7 värv. fotot

  16. Internal Control: Peran Dan Perkembangannya

    OpenAIRE

    Murtin, Alek

    2000-01-01

    Perhatian terhadap pentingnya internal control dalam organisasi berjalan dari waktu ke waktu untuk meningkatkan fungsi internal control yang disesuaikan dengan perkembangan lingkungan organisasi, dimulai dengan adanya internal check, kemudian internal control system, internal control structure dan terakhir adalah internal control-integrated framework. Internal control system sempat berkembang beberapa tahun di Indonesia yang selanjutnya digantikan oleh internal control structure yang digunaka...

  17. Corner Office: Google's Dan Clancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albanese, Andrew Richard; Oder, Norman

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Dan Clancy, engineering director for Google Book Search. In this interview, Clancy talks about the pending Google Book Search settlement, involving millions of volumes digitized from libraries, which drew a lawsuit from the Association of American Publishers and the Authors Guild. He also discusses pricing,…

  18. Harapan, Tawakal, dan Stres Akademik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anni Zulfiani Husnar

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study aimed to find out the effect of hope and tawakal toward academic stress among undergraduate students. This study used quantitative method with 102 under­graduate students from Islamic college as subjects of this research. Data were collected through three reliable and valid scales; Hope Scale, Tawakal Scale, and Academic Stress Scale. The result of data using multiple regression analysis showed a negative effect of hope and tawakal together toward academic stress among undergraduate students. Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh harapan dan tawakal terhadap stres akademik pada mahasiswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan subjek sebanyak 102 mahasiswa S1 di salah satu perguruan tinggi Islam di D.I. Yogyakarta yang ditentukan dengan teknik accicedental sampling. Data dikumpulkan melalui pemberian tiga skala kepada masing-masing subjek, yaitu Skala Harapan, Skala Tawakal, dan Skala Stres Akademik yang reliabel dan valid. Hasil analisis data menggunakan regresi berganda menunjukkan adanya pengaruh negatif dari harapan dan tawakal secara bersama-sama terhadap stres akademik pada mahasiswa.

  19. Sentik dalam Musik dan Politik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azis Taufik Hirzi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Emotion plays important role in many ways, including in the area of music and politic. Emotion communicates harmony and dynamics, and could be so complicated if it was mismanaged. Sentic is the term attributed for emotion communication. The basic form of sentic consisted of love-hate, respect-anger, happy-sad, and sexual appearance. Based on those essential form, both music and politic communicates well.     Applying sentic, or emotion communication, one could shape the world, coloring the life, transforming the self, giving others, even inspiring, motivating ideas, and interpreting the language of music and politic proportionally.      Emosi memainkan peranan penting dalam banyak hal, termasuk dalam wilayah musik dan politik. Emosi mengomunikasikan harmoni dan dinamika, serta dapat menjadi rumit jika salah dikelola. Sentik adalah istilah yang dilekatkan pada komunikasi emosi. Bentuk dasar sentik terdiri dari cinta-benci, hormat-marah, bahagia, sedih, dan tampilan seksual. Berdasarkan bentuk-bentuk esensial tersebut, baik musik maupun politik berkomunikasi dengan baik. Dengan menerapkan sentik, atau komunikasi emosi, seseorang dapat membentuk dunianya, mewarnai hidupnya, mengubah dirinya, memberi pada yang lain, bahkan mengilhami, memotivasi gagasan, serta menafsirkan bahasa musik dan politik secara proporsional.

  20. HUKUM DAN PERUBAHAN MASYARAKAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoni Antoni

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Where there is sugar there must be an ant, or likefish and water, as it were appropriate parable likens the Lawand Society, because where there is society there must be lawswill be needed. Law and society are two sides of which aredifficult to separate, because they will need each other andinfluence each other.ملخص:حیث یوجد السكر یجب أن یكون ھناك نملة، أو مثل السمك والماء، كما انھاكانت مناسبة المثل یشبھ القانون والمجتمع، وذلك لأن عندما یكون ھناك مجتمع یجبأن یكون ھناك وستكون ھناك حاجة القوانین .القانون والمجتمع وجھان لوالتي یصعبفصل، لأنھا سوف نحتاج إلى بعضنا البعض وتؤثر على بعضھا البعض.Kata Kunci: hukum dan perubahan masyarakat

  1. KEKUATAN LEKAT BETON DAN BAJA TULANGAN AKIBAT PEMANASAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Kumaat

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The combination of concrete and steel form economical and efficient composite material by means of the created cooperation through bond stress on the interface of both materials. Heating at varying temperature would result in behaviour change of the composite material, particularly regarding its bond stress performance due to the microstructure change of the concrete and steel. The uniaxial compression test indicated that the value of concrete compression strength on seven days if heated at 2000 C , 5000 C, and 8000 C temperature would decrease, varying from six to 100%, whereas the decrease of concrete compression strength on 28 days varying from ten to 90%. At 2000 C heating, the decrease of bond stress between steel and concrete on 28 days was approximately 30%. Heating at a higher temperature or at 5000 C would lead to 40% to 77% decrease. The decrease of concrete compression and that of bond stress due to heating was presented by a non-linear curve showing that there was a positive correlation between the two characteristics. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Perpaduan antara material beton dan baja tulangan akan membentuk material komposit yang ekonomis serta efisien lewat hasil kerjasama yang tercipta melalui kekuatan lekat pada interface kedua material tersebut. Pemanasan dengan temperatur yang bervariasi akan menyebabkan terjadinya perubahan perilaku material komposit tersebut, khususnya menyangkut kinerja kekuatan lekatnya akibat perubahan mikrostruktur pada material beton dan material baja tulangan. Dari hasil uji tekan uniaksial diperoleh nilai kuat tekan beton umur tujuh hari yang bila dipanaskan dengan temperatur 200oC, 500oC dan 800oC akan mengalami penurunan yang bervariasi antara enam hingga 100%, sedangkan penurunan kuat tekan beton pada umur 28 hari berkisar antara sepuluh hingga 90%. Pada tingkat pemanasan dengan temperatur 200oC, penurunan kekuatan lekat antara baja tulangan dan beton umur 28 hari adalah sekitar 30%, serta

  2. PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MODEL COOPERATIVE LEARNING TIPE GROUP INVESTIGATION (GI TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR IPS TERPADU KELAS VIII SEMESTER GENAP SMPYPI 1 BANDAR MATARAM LAMPUNG TENGAH T.P 2015/2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desi Fatmawati Maryatun

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Metode cooperative learning tipe group investigation merupakan model pembelajaran kooperatif yang dapat melibatkan peserta didik secara aktif dalam kegiatan pembelajaran mulai dari merencanakan topik-topik yang akan dipelajari, bagaimana melaksanakan investigasinya, hingga melakukan presentasi kelompok dan evaluasi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh penggunaan model pembelajaran cooperative learning tipe Group Investigation terhadap hasil belajar IPS Terpadu peserta didik kelas VIII semester genap SMP YPI 1 Bandar Mataram  Lampung Tengah tahun pelajaran 2015/2016. Hipotesis yang penulis ajukan adalah “Ada pengaruh yang positif pada model pembelajaran cooperative learning tipe Group Investigation terhadap hasil belajar IPS Terpadu peserta didik kelas VIII semester genap SMP YPI 1 Bandar Mataram  Lampung Tengah tahun pelajaran 2015/2016. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VIII SMP YPI 1 Bandar Mataram Lampung Tengah Tahun Pelajaran 2015/2016 yaitu berjumlah 48 orang siswa dan diantaranya terdiri dari 2 kelas. Dan yang menjadi sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah kelas VIIIa dan VIIIb. Kelas VIIIa sebagai kelas eksperimen dan kelas VIIIb sebagai kelas control, sampel diambil menggunakan teknik purposive sampling, Eksperimen dilaksanakan pada siswa kelas VIIIa Semester Genap SMP YPI 1 Bandar Mataram Lampung Tengah Tahun Pelajaran 2015/2016 yang berjumlah 24 peserta didik. Data penelitian ini dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan  metode observasi, wawancara, dokumentasi, dan tes. Sedangkan untuk mengetahui tingkat validitas dan reliabilitas penulis menggunakan rumus K-R 20. Kemudian untuk menguji/membuktikan hipotesis digunakan rumus Regresi Linier Sederhana yaitu  Ŷ = a + bx. Nilai Ŷ = 73,33+ 0,5 X yang dilanjutkan dengan rumus thitung > ttabel.pada daftar signifikan 5% yaitu 4 > 1,72  dan pada taraf signifikan 1% yaitu 4 > 2,52. Dengan demikian hipotesisnya diterima karena ada pengaruh yang positif

  3. Nuclear wastes; Dechets nucleaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Here is made a general survey of the situation relative to radioactive wastes. The different kinds of radioactive wastes and the different way to store them are detailed. A comparative evaluation of the situation in France and in the world is made. The case of transport of radioactive wastes is tackled. (N.C.)

  4. Nuclear energy; Le nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    This digest document was written by members of the union of associations of ex-members and retired people of the Areva group (UARGA). It gives a comprehensive overview of the nuclear industry world, starting from radioactivity and its applications, and going on with the fuel cycle (front-end, back-end, fuel reprocessing, transports), the nuclear reactors (PWR, BWR, Candu, HTR, generation 4 systems), the effluents from nuclear facilities, the nuclear wastes (processing, disposal), and the management and safety of nuclear activities. (J.S.)

  5. Regional cooperation on nuclear safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kato, W.Y.; Chen, J.H.; Kim, D.H.; Simmons, R.B.V.; Surguri, S.

    1985-01-01

    A review has been conducted of a number of multi-national and bilateral arrangements between governments and between utility-sponsored organizations which provide the framework for international cooperation in the field of nuclear safety. These arrangements include the routine exchange operational data, experiences, technical reports and regulatory data, provision of special assistance when requested, collaboration in safety research, and the holding of international conferences and seminars. Areas which may be better suited for cooperation on a regional basis are identified. These areas include: exchange of operational data and experience, sharing of emergency planning information, and collaboration in safety research. Mechanisms to initiate regional cooperation in these areas are suggested

  6. Environment and cooperation: cooperative values as an assumption of sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Eduardo de Miranda

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In addition to establishing an understanding of the meaning of environment, the work clarifies that the environmental damage resulting value gives the minimization of the man dedicated to nature. In this regard, bearing in mind the environmental crisis confrontation served humanity, the future is viewed with doubt. It also offers, the alternative cooperative established by the Declaration of Rio and cooperative values is presented as a precondition for sustainability.Received: 06.06.10Accepted: 25.06.10

  7. Behaviour norms for nuclear energy peaceful uses; Code de bonne conduite pour les utilisations pacifiques de l`energie nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strohl, P. [Nuclear Energy Agency, 75 - Paris (France)

    1996-10-01

    After making a brief history on the nuclear law, the author shows that ethical aspects got involved in nuclear matters at three levels: security of nuclear supplies, radioactive waste management, and potential human failures. Then a list of ``good conduct norms`` which should be the link between law and ethics is given. They correspond to different issues of nuclear development: technological quality, radiation protection, radioactive waste management, public information, international cooperation, non-proliferation. (TEC).

  8. FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENDUKUNG KEMAMPUAN MENGHAFAL AL-QUR`AN DAN IMPLIKASINYA DALAM BIMBINGAN DAN KONSELING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heri Saptadi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat merupakan salah satu unit di Universitas Respati Yogyakarta yang bertugas untuk mengelola kegiatan penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang dilakukan oleh dosen. Dalam proses pengolahan data kegiatan kegiatan penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat masih mengalami beberapa permasalahan yaitu belum adanya basis data yang digunakan untuk pengumpulan data rekam jejak kegiatan penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat oleh dosen dan sistem pengarsipan dokumen masih berbentuk kertas yang berdampak pada kerusakan dokumen, hilangnya dokumen, efisiensi ruang dan pencarian data. Penelitian yang dilakukan bertujuan menghasilkan luaran sistem informasi yang dapat melakukan proses pengolahan data penelitian dan kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang dikelola oleh Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat di Universitas Respati Yogyakarta. Pengolahan data mengacu pada komponen beban kerja dosen dibidang penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat. Metode pengembangan dilakukan dengan tahapan analisa sistem, perancangan sistem, coding dan implementasi sistem. Hasil pengembangan sistem informasi penelitian dan pengabdian masyarakat yaitu sebuah sistem yang dapat membantu Unit Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat dalam proses pengolahan data rekam jejak kegiatan penelitian dan kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang dilakukan dosen.

  9. Desain dan Uji Kinerja Fungsional Sistem Penggerak dan Kendali ROVERGARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Fikri Pomalingo

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The high population rate has an impact on increasing of land function change from agricultural land become housing and commercial building. As a result, it is difficult to get land for planting in the urban area. Therefore, this research is aimed to design equipment that can be used for planting in the narrow land using vertical gardening. This paper will report about design and functional testing of drive and control system on ROVERGARD. Drive system is based on water pump with additional gear train and chainsprocket mechanism. Control system use was on open loop type based on timer. The performance test of drive system was focused on electrical energy consumption and rotational speed of the system that was measured by multifunctional mini ammeter and tachometer. The control system was tested during 4 days, to evaluate their performances between set point and actual timing while filling water tank and rotate the system at maximal load condition. Electrical power consumption was 208 W at average rotational speed 2703 rpm. Increasing load caused an increase of energy consumption but made the drive rotation decline. The position control performance had on position error around 50 cm. Consequently, setting time on timer must be adjusted. Abstrak Laju pertumbuhan penduduk yang tinggi, mengakibatkan tingginya alih fungsi lahan pertanian menjadi bangunan perumahan dan komersial. Masalah ini mengakibatkan sulitnya mencari lahan pertanian di daerah padat penduduk khususnya perkotaan. Oleh karena itu perlu dirancang sebuah alat yang dapat digunakan untuk bercocok tanam di lahan sempit. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mendesain dan menguji sistem penggerak dan kendali pada ROVERGARD. Sistem penggerak berasal dari pompa air yang dimodifikasi. Sedangkan sistem kendali menggunakan tipe open loop berbasis waktu dimana timer sebagai komponen utamanya. Pengujian kinerja penggerak difokuskan pada konsumsi listrik dan rpm yang diukur menggunakan

  10. Regional Renewable Energy Cooperatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazendonk, P.; Brown, M. B.; Byrne, J. M.; Harrison, T.; Mueller, R.; Peacock, K.; Usher, J.; Yalamova, R.; Kroebel, R.; Larsen, J.; McNaughton, R.

    2014-12-01

    We are building a multidisciplinary research program linking researchers in agriculture, business, earth science, engineering, humanities and social science. Our goal is to match renewable energy supply and reformed energy demands. The program will be focused on (i) understanding and modifying energy demand, (ii) design and implementation of diverse renewable energy networks. Geomatics technology will be used to map existing energy and waste flows on a neighbourhood, municipal, and regional level. Optimal sites and combinations of sites for solar and wind electrical generation (ridges, rooftops, valley walls) will be identified. Geomatics based site and grid analyses will identify best locations for energy production based on efficient production and connectivity to regional grids and transportation. Design of networks for utilization of waste streams of heat, water, animal and human waste for energy production will be investigated. Agriculture, cities and industry produce many waste streams that are not well utilized. Therefore, establishing a renewable energy resource mapping and planning program for electrical generation, waste heat and energy recovery, biomass collection, and biochar, biodiesel and syngas production is critical to regional energy optimization. Electrical storage and demand management are two priorities that will be investigated. Regional scale cooperatives may use electric vehicle batteries and innovations such as pump storage and concentrated solar molten salt heat storage for steam turbine electrical generation. Energy demand management is poorly explored in Canada and elsewhere - our homes and businesses operate on an unrestricted demand. Simple monitoring and energy demand-ranking software can easily reduce peaks demands and move lower ranked uses to non-peak periods, thereby reducing the grid size needed to meet peak demands. Peak demand strains the current energy grid capacity and often requires demand balancing projects and

  11. AGROFORESTRI UNTUK ADAPTASI DAN MITIGASI PERUBAHAN IKLIM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tigor Butarbutar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Hilangnya tutupan lahan hutan karena konversi hutan untuk pemukiman, perkebunan, pertanian dan kebutuhan untuk pembangunan di sektor lain, telah menyebabkan perubahan pola cuaca/iklim di berbagai tempat. Perubahan iklim dapat diantisipasi dengan mitigasi dan adaptasi. Mitigasi berarti usahausaha pencegahan yang perlu dilakukan, sedangkan adaptasi merupakan kegiatan-kegiatan penyesuaian yang perlu dilakukan untuk dapat hidup dan bertahan dan meningkatkan ketahanan, kelenturan dan mengarahkemigrasikarenakondisiiklimyangberbeda.Agroforestridapatmemitigasidanmengadaptasi perubahaniklim dengan alasan-alasansebagaiberikut: aPencampuranjenis pohonpenghasilkayu,buah dan lain-lain, karena campuran jenis lebih baik dari tanaman murni; b Pencampuran jenis yang didasarkan pada sifat toleransi ( dan , sehingga akan memanfaatkan seluruh cahaya untuk fotosintesis; c Pencampuran perbedaan umur; d Pencampuran berdasarkan perbedaan waktu pemanenan; e Penggabungan nilai ekonomi, sosial dan budaya sehingga perubahan vegetasi dapat berjalan seiring dengan perubahan sosial dan budaya secara berangsur yang dapat disesuaikan dengan perubahan iklim; dan f Dapat digunakan sebagai model untuk memfasilitasi perubahan kelompok vegetasi menjadi kelompok yang baru (adaptasi, seperti teori perubahan vegetasi melalui perladangan berpindah-pindahyangteratur.

  12. KETENTUAN TENTANG STANDAR PELAYANAN MINIMAL BIDANG KELUARGA BERENCANA DAN KELUARGA SEJAHTERA BERDASARKAN ASAS PERIKEMANUSIAAN DAN HAK ASASI MANUSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    . Riyanti

    2017-01-01

    Hasil penelitian, ketentuan tentang standar pelayanan minimal bidang keluarga berencana, keluarga sejahtera dan asas perikemanusiaan dengan hak asasi manusia sangat berhubungan keterbatasan lingkup pelayanan dan standar pelaksanaan Komunikasi Informasi dan Edukasi yang tidak jelasberdampak pada tidak dipenuhinya hak asasi manusia untuk mendapatkan kesetaraan dan kebebasan dalam pelayanan keluarga berencana dan keluarga sejahtera.

  13. Cross-border innovation cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjaltadóttir, Rannveig Edda; Makkonen, Teemu; Sørensen, Nils Karl

    2014-01-01

    of cross-border innovation cooperation. Accordingly, geographical proximity to international borders is found to have a significant, positive effect on choosing partners within EU. The multivariate probit model shows that the decision of choosing a domestic innovation partner is independent of the choice......Finding a suitable partner is paramount for the success of innovation cooperation. Thus, this paper sets out to analyse the determinants of cross-border innovation cooperation in Denmark focusing on partner selection. The aim of the article is to investigate determinants of partner selection taking...... the location of the partners into account. In particular, the discussion is tied to the notion of varying knowledge bases firms utilize in their innovation creation processes. Firm level data from the 2010 Community Innovation Survey in Denmark was used to analyse cross-border innovation cooperation patterns...

  14. Cooperative strings and glassy interfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salez, Thomas; Salez, Justin; Dalnoki-Veress, Kari; Raphaël, Elie; Forrest, James A

    2015-07-07

    We introduce a minimal theory of glass formation based on the ideas of molecular crowding and resultant string-like cooperative rearrangement, and address the effects of free interfaces. In the bulk case, we obtain a scaling expression for the number of particles taking part in cooperative strings, and we recover the Adam-Gibbs description of glassy dynamics. Then, by including thermal dilatation, the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann relation is derived. Moreover, the random and string-like characters of the cooperative rearrangement allow us to predict a temperature-dependent expression for the cooperative length ξ of bulk relaxation. Finally, we explore the influence of sample boundaries when the system size becomes comparable to ξ. The theory is in agreement with measurements of the glass-transition temperature of thin polymer films, and allows quantification of the temperature-dependent thickness hm of the interfacial mobile layer.

  15. Plainview Milk Cooperative Ingredient Recall

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This list includes products subject to recall in the United States since June 2009 related to products manufactured by Plainview Milk Products Cooperative.

  16. The Long Way Toward Cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Foth

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available To better understand why cooperation between health care professionals is still often problematic, we carried out 25 semistructured face-to-face expert interviews with physicians and nurses in different rural and urban areas in northern Germany. Using Mayring’s qualitative content analysis method to analyze the data collected, we found that doctors and nurses interpreted interprofessional conflicts differently. Nursing seems to be caught in a paradoxical situation: An increasing emphasis is placed on achieving interprofessional cooperation but the core areas of nursing practice are subject to increasing rationalization in the current climate of health care marketization. The subsequent and systematic devaluation of nursing work makes it difficult for physicians to acknowledge nurses’ expertise. We suggest that to ameliorate interprofessional cooperation, nursing must insist on its own logic of action thereby promoting its professionalization; interprofessional cooperation cannot take place until nursing work is valued by all members of the health care system.

  17. Pesticide Worker Safety Cooperative Agreements

    Science.gov (United States)

    The worker safety program cooperative agreements fund projects to educate pesticide applicators, handlers, and farmworkers on working safely with, and around, pesticides. Read about pesticide related grant opportunities and reports from previous grants.

  18. States, Social Capital and Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anthony, Denise L.; Campbell, John L.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reflects on Elinor Ostrom’s classic book, Governing the Commons, and much work in sociology, political science and organization studies that has appeared since its publication. We do so in order to expand our understanding of the conditions under which cooperation occurs resulting...... in the production of collective goods. We explore two issues that were underdeveloped in her book that have subsequently received much attention. First, we discuss how states can facilitate cooperative behavior short of coercively imposing it on actors. Second, we discuss how social capital can facilitate...... or undermine cooperative behavior. In both cases we focus on the important mechanisms by which each one contributes to the development of cooperative behavior and collective goods. We conclude by extending our arguments to a brief analysis of one of the world’s newest and largest collective goods...

  19. Environmental Security and Cooperation Workshop

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Butts, Kent

    2004-01-01

    The United States Army in the Pacific (USARPAC), the Department of Defense (DUSD-I&E), and the United States Army War College conducted an Environmental Security Cooperation Workshop in Bangkok, Thailand from July 19-22, 2004...

  20. Nilai-Nilai Sosial dan Religi dalam Tradisi Megalitik di Sulawesi Selatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    nfn Hasanuddin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available South Sulawesi is a region which has a several culture and megalith tradition that spread in various locations. Of those various forms and kinds of that megalith monument, there are important values that can be reinvented for the society. The purpose is to determine the social dan religious value of megalithic culture in South Sulawesi. In order to recognize those values, a research with an ethnoarchaeological approach has been done through direct observations and surveys in the society which still have megalith tradition, and focused to identify its values and functions in society. This research found that this tradition was developed since the 2nd AD until the 10th to 13th AD. During that period, the settlement system was composed of small communities that occupying highland and lowland. That small community was called wanua which spread across South Sulawesi peninsula. At the present time, that megalith tradition is still found in Torajan community, and in several ritual practices among communities in Enrekang and Soppeng regency, South Sulawesi. Generally, that megalith tradition is endorsing several values such like cooperation and spiritual. Sulawesi Selatan merupakan suatu daerah yang memiliki beberapa bentuk budaya dan tradisi megalitik (kebudayaan batu besar yang tersebar di berbagai wilayah. Dari berbagai bentuk dan jenis megalitik itu tentunya memiliki nilai-nilai  yang dapat diterapkan dalam masyarakat. Tujuannya adalah untuk mengetahui nilai sosial dan religi dari kebudayaan megalitik di Sulawesi selatan. Dalam pencapaiannya digunakan pendekatan etnoarkeologi dengan cara melakukan survei di beberapa daerah di Sulawesi Selatan yang memiliki peninggalan megalitik. Selanjutnya dilakukan wawancara dan pengamatan langsung di masyarakat yang masih menggunakan kebudayaan megalitik untuk mengetahui fungsi dalam masyarakat. Penelitian selama ini menunjukkan bahwa kebudayaan ini berawal sekitar abad ke-2 Masehi dan terus berlanjut pada abad

  1. IMPLEMENTASI KEBIJAKAN PEMUNGUTAN PAJAK BUMI DAN BANGUNAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arifuddin - Sahabu

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKS   Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan bentuk studi kasus. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik wawancara, dokumentasi, dan observasi. Analisis data mengunakan metode analisis Miles dan Huberman, dengan melalui tiga prosedur yaitu reduksi data, penyajian data dan menarik kesimpulan/verifikasi. Sedangkan keabsahan menggunakan teknik berdasarkan atas kriteria derajat kepercayaan, keteralihan, ketergantungan, dan kepastian suatu data. Tuntutan menghadapi  implementasi Otonomi Daerah mengandung arti pentingnya Pemerintah Daerah memperhatikan kemampuan “self suporting” dalam bidang keuangan. Sumber pendapatan daerah tidak hanya di peroleh dari Pendapatan Asli Daerah, tetapi juga berupa pemberian bagi hasil dari penerimaan Pemerintah Pusat. Diantara sumber penerimaan tersebut adalah Pajak Bumi dan Bangunan. Dalam Undang-undang Nomor 25 Tahun 1999 Tentang perimbangan keuangan antara Pemerintah Pusat  dan Daerah, diantaranya dijelaskan bahwa sumber penerimaan daerah dalam penyelenggaraan desentralisasi berasal dari dana perimbangan penerimaan Pajak Bumi dan Bangunan disamping pemberian Dana Alokasi Umum dan Alokasi Khusus. Langkah Implementasi dari pelaksanan pemungutan Pajak Bumi dan Bangunan tersebut dilakukan Departemen Keuangan melalui Kantor Pelayanan Pajak Bumi dan Bangunan, sedang Pemerintah daerah menerima pelimpahan penagihan pada Sektor Perkotaan dan Sektor Pedesaan. Meskipun telah ada pelimpahan kewenangan kepada daerah, akan tetapi pelimpahan kewenangan tersebut terbatas pada mekanisme penagihan saja, sedang implementor yang menyangkut masalah administrasi masih berada pada Kantor Pelayan Pajak Bumi dan Bangunan. Kondisi demikian ini ditambah dengan kurangnya koordinasi antara unit organisasi pelaksana menyebabkan setiap tahun terjadi tunggakan. Sebagai sandaran teoritik utama  untuk mendiskripsikan serta menganalisis hambatan-hambatan implementasi kebijakan publik (dalam hal ini pemungutan

  2. Danish-German Submarine Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sender, Johannes F.; Lucas, Edward R.

    Germany has invited the Royal Danish Navy to participate in training missions and exercises on board German submarines. This brief examines the benefits and challenges of this proposed cooperation for both Denmark and NATO more broadly.......Germany has invited the Royal Danish Navy to participate in training missions and exercises on board German submarines. This brief examines the benefits and challenges of this proposed cooperation for both Denmark and NATO more broadly....

  3. International cooperation in nuclear safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rosen, M.

    1991-01-01

    The mechanisms of international co-operations, co-ordinated by International Atomic Energy Agency, are presented. These co-operations are related to international safety standards, to the safety of the four hundred existing reactors in operation, to quick help and information in case of emergency, and to the already valid international conventions. The relation between atomic energy and environmental protection is also discussed briefly. (K.A.)

  4. Regional and Global Monetary Cooperation

    OpenAIRE

    Mario Lamberte; Peter J. Morgan

    2012-01-01

    The increasing occurrence of national, regional, and global financial crises, together with their rising costs and complexity, have increased calls for greater regional and global monetary cooperation. This is particularly necessary in light of volatile capital flow movements that can quickly transmit crisis developments in individual countries to other countries around the world. Global financial safety nets (GFSNs) are one important area for monetary cooperation. This paper reviews the c...

  5. Assessment of a cooperative workstation.

    OpenAIRE

    Beuscart, R. J.; Molenda, S.; Souf, N.; Foucher, C.; Beuscart-Zephir, M. C.

    1996-01-01

    Groupware and new Information Technologies have now made it possible for people in different places to work together in synchronous cooperation. Very often, designers of this new type of software are not provided with a model of the common workspace, which is prejudicial to software development and its acceptance by potential users. The authors take the example of a task of medical co-diagnosis, using a multi-media communication workstation. Synchronous cooperative work is made possible by us...

  6. INFORMATION SECURITY IN LOGISTICS COOPERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Małkus

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Cooperation of suppliers of raw materials, semi-finished products, finished products, wholesalers, retailers in the form of the supply chain, as well as outsourcing of specialized logistics service require ensuring adequate support of information. It concerns the use of appropriate computer tools. The security of information in such conditions of collaboration becomes the important problem for parties of contract. The objective of the paper is to characterize main issues relating to security of information in logistics cooperation.

  7. Formulasi dan Evaluasi Tablet Kaptopril Menggunakan Amilum Umbi Talas dan HPMC yang Dimodifikasi Sebagai Pengisi dan Pengikat Metode Kempa Langsung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Sastra Kelana

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia adalah negara tropis yang memiliki banyak tumbuhan, salah satu fungsinya bisa menjadi bahan pembuatan obat-obatan seperti pati dan umbi. Amilum dari umbi talas (Colocasia esculenta berpotensi dikembangkan menjadi bahan tambahan obat tetapi peggunaannya masih terbatas. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu mengkaji formulasi yang optimal dan mengetahui hasil evaluasi sediaan tablet kaptopril menggunakan amilum umbi talas dan HPMC yang dimodifikasi sebagai pengisi dan pengikat pada metode kempa langsung. Amilum talas diperoleh melalui proses ekstraksi, kemudian dikombinasi dengan HPMC dengan metode pregelatinasi parsial dan ko-proses. Variasi penggunaan amilum dibedakan menjadi 5, yaitu Formulasi I, Formulasi II, Formulasi III, Formulasi IV, dan Formulasi V. Pengujian yang dilakukan meliputi evaluasi sifat alir granul, uji keragaman bobot, uji keragaman ukuran, uji kerapuhan, uji kekerasan, uji waku hancur, uji disolusi, dan penetapan kadar. Analisis data dilakukan dengan pendekatan secara teoritis antara hasil evaluasi dengan literatur untuk mengamati hasil dari formulasi modifikasi. Dari kelima formulasi, hasil evaluasi menunjukkan bahwa formulasi III yang mengandung amilum talas pregelatinasi : Avicel PH 102 (50:50 memiliki hasil evaluasi sifat fisik tablet yang paling baik dilihat dari uji keragaman bobot yaitu 151,6±2,74 mg, keragaman ukuran dengan diameter 8,07±0,010 mm dan tebal 2,38±0,08 mm, kekerasan yaitu 5,57±0,36 kg, kerapuhan yaitu 0,17±0,07, waktu hancur 12,09±0,52 menit, penetapan kadar 97,88±1,71 % dan hasil uji disolusi 90,65±4,81 % dimenit ke 20, dan dari keseluruhan uji dapat dikatakan sesuai dengan ketentuan yang ada di literatur. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa dari penelitian ini, formula III sesuai dengan literatur dan cocok sebagai bahan pengisi dan pengikat dalam tablet captopril dengan perbandingan amilum talas pregelatinasi : Avicel PH 102 (50:50. Kata kunci : Tablet, Kaptopril, Ko-Proses, Pregelatinasi Parsial

  8. International cooperation on breeder reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gray, J.E.; Kratzer, M.B.; Leslie, K.E.; Paige, H.W.; Shantzis, S.B.

    1978-01-01

    In March 1977, as the result of discussions which began in the fall of 1976, the Rockefeller Foundation requested International Energy Associates Limited (IEAL) to undertake a study of the role of international cooperation in the development and application of the breeder reactor. While there had been considerable international exchange in the development of breeder technology, the existence of at least seven major national breeder development programs raised a prima facie issue of the adequacy of international cooperation. The final product of the study was to be the identification of options for international cooperation which merited further consideration and which might become the subject of subsequent, more detailed analysis. During the course of the study, modifications in U.S. breeder policy led to an expansion of the analysis to embrace the pros and cons of the major breeder-related policy issues, as well as the respective views of national governments on those issues. The resulting examination of views and patterns of international collaboration emphasizes what was implicit from the outset: Options for international cooperation cannot be fashioned independently of national objectives, policies and programs. Moreover, while similarity of views can stimulate cooperation, this cannot of itself provide compelling justification for cooperative undertakings. Such undertakings are influenced by an array of other national factors, including technological development, industrial infrastructure, economic strength, existing international ties, and historic experience

  9. How feeling betrayed affects cooperation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pouria Ramazi

    Full Text Available For a population of interacting self-interested agents, we study how the average cooperation level is affected by some individuals' feelings of being betrayed and guilt. We quantify these feelings as adjusted payoffs in asymmetric games, where for different emotions, the payoff matrix takes the structure of that of either a prisoner's dilemma or a snowdrift game. Then we analyze the evolution of cooperation in a well-mixed population of agents, each of whom is associated with such a payoff matrix. At each time-step, an agent is randomly chosen from the population to update her strategy based on the myopic best-response update rule. According to the simulations, decreasing the feeling of being betrayed in a portion of agents does not necessarily increase the level of cooperation in the population. However, this resistance of the population against low-betrayal-level agents is effective only up to some extend that is explicitly determined by the payoff matrices and the number of agents associated with these matrices. Two other models are also considered where the betrayal factor of an agent fluctuates as a function of the number of cooperators and defectors that she encounters. Unstable behaviors are observed for the level of cooperation in these cases; however, we show that one can tune the parameters in the function to make the whole population become cooperative or defective.

  10. DIAGNOSIS DAN PENATALAKSANAAru LIMFOMA ORtsITA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardizal Rahman

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Limfoma orbita merujuk pada limfoma yang terjadi di konjungtiva, kelenjar lakrimal, palpebradan otot-otot ekstraokular. Limfoma primer non-Hodgkin (NHL dari orbita dapat ditemukanpada hanya 1o/o dari semua limforna non-Hodgkin. Anaiisis mutasi somatik pada regiovariabel (V dari immunoglobulin (ig dan segmen gen rantai berat (H telah menunjukkanperan dari stimulasi antigen kronik pada patogenesis limfoma /nucosa-associated lymphoidflssue (MALT. Patogen mikroba seperti Helicobacter pylaridan Chlamydia pneumonia dapaimendasari proses inflamasi dan pada akhirnya memicu akuisisi MALT juga memainkanperan penting dalam tranformasi maligna dan ekspansi klonal lanjutan limfoma. Penentuanstadium kanker sangat penting karena akan menentukan terapi apa yang akan diberikan dankemungkinan remisi dan prognosisnya. Berdasarkan sistem stadium Ann-Arbor, limfoma yangterbatas di orbita disebut sebagai stadium l, keterlibatan struktur sekitar (sinus paranasal,tonsil, dan hidung menjadikannya stadium ll. Stadium lll adalah penyakit nodal abdominaldibawah diafragma dan stadium lV merujuk pada keterlibatan yang tersebar dari satu ataulebih lokasi ekstranodal (hepar, sum-sum tulang atau sistem saraf pusat. Mayoritas pasiendatang dengan keluhan massa konjungtiva berwarna pink (91%, diikuti hiperemis konjungtiva(32%, propiosis (27%, massa palpebra atau orbita (19"fi, penurunan visus dan ptosis (6%,dan diplopia(2%. Bilateralitas terjadi pada 10% hingga 15% kasus dimana 80 % terjadisecarasimultan sedangkan 20% merupakan kondisi yang berurutan. Penilaian lanjut untuk stagingyang akurat dan perencanaan terapitermasuk anamnesis yang lengkap dan pemeriksaan fisik,pemeriksaan laboratorium rutin, elektroforesis protein sei-um, LDH serum, Fr-mikroglobulin,rontgen thoraks, CT scan thoraks, abdornen, dan pelvis, dan biopsisum-sum tulang. Diagnosapositif harus berdasarkan pada perneriksaan histologik dari sampeltumor yang memadai yangdiperoleh dengan biopsiorbita. Beberapa kriteria

  11. VAKSIN DENGUE DAN PERKEMBANGANNYA SAAT INI DAN DI MASA MENDATANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Triwibowo Ambar Garjito

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Dengue virus merupakan salah satu virus anggota dari famili Flaviviridae yang sejak tahun 1956 telah dikenal dapat menimbulkan demam dengue maupun demam berdarah dengue (DBD. Penyakit yang ditularkan oleh nyamuk Aedes aegypti ini diperkirakan telah menjangkiti pada selatar 50-100 juta manusia dengan 500.000 kasus di antaranya dalam manifestasi yang ganas yang dikenal sebagai dengue haemorrhagic fever dan dengue shock syndrome dan 25.000 di antaranya berakibat fatal (meninggal. Saat ini pengembangan vaksin merupakan salah satu solusi yang diharapkan dapat menekan penyebaran penyakit tersebut. E (envelope merupakan salah satu bagian dari protein struktural virus yang sangat penting dalam pengembangan vaksin, yaitu sebagai badan yang memproduksi antibodi netralisasi untuk protein. Non-struktural protein l juga telah diketahui sebagai salah satu komponen penting dalam pengembangan vaksin oleh karena kemampuannya untuk dapat diekspresi pada permukaan sel yang diinfeksi yang dapat menjadi target untuk immune cytolisis. Ada dua pendekatan yang digunakan dalam memproduksi suatu vaksin dengue, yaitu: a. Vaksin hidup yang telah dilemahkan (live attenuated vaccine: b. Vaksin hasil rekayasa (engineered vaccine. Penelitian terhadap vaksin DENV baik rekombinan maupun non-rekombinan yang didasarkan pada uji virus telah dilakukan secara terus-menerus baik pada monyet dan manusia. Sampai saat ini telah dikembangkan sejumlah kandidat vaksin DENV yang berdasar pada tetravalent virus dengue, yaitu a. vaksin konvensional, b. vaksin dengue rekombinan berdasar pada flavivirus, c. vaksin intertypic chimeric, d. vaksin chimerivac, e. vaksin dengue rekombinan menggunakan vector non-ftavivirus dan f. vector adenovirus. Namun demikian, sampai sekarang belum ada vaksin yang siap digunakan untuk menangkal infeksi ke empat serotype virus dengue, sehingga masih diharapkan untuk pengembangan virus lebih lanjut.   Kata kunci: Aedes aegypti, dengue virus, vaksin dengue.

  12. Globalisasi dan Demokrasi di Rusia: Suatu Tantangan dan Peluang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diah Ayu Permatasari

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Globalisation has brought many changes in the world, and has huge implication towards the economy, politics, and socio-culture.  The break up of the Soviet Union in 1991 is one of the historical event cause by the globalisation and transformed to what it is Russia today.  Russia tried to adapt towards globalisation by following it national historical pattern, and not following the pattern that has been used by the Western countries.  For the West, transition democracy process in Russia is incomplete, but as for the Russian point of view, it is a democracy with distinction pattern or “the Russian way” that is different to what is practiced by the West.  For that reason, this essay tried to look at the Russian political and economic policy to handle the strong current of globalisation and democracy. Keywords: Rusia, Globalisation, Democracy and Cold War   Abstrak Globalisasi telah membawa perubahan bagi dunia, yang berimplikasi pada tatanan ekonomi, politik, social dan budaya. Salah satu dampak dari globalisasi adalah pecahnya Uni Soviet pada tahun 1991 yang kemudian bertransformasi menjadi Rusia. Rusia melakukan adaptasi terhadap globalisasi, yaitu dengan mengikuti pola historis nasionalnya, dan tidak mengikuti pola yang telah dilakukan oleh dunia Barat. Bagi Barat, proses transisi demokrasi Rusia merupakan incomplete transformation, sementara dari sudut pandang Rusia, proses tersebut bukan merupakan bentuk demokrasi yang belum lengkap, melainkan demokrasi dengan corak tersendiri yang tidak bias disamakan dengan western democracy. Oleh karena itu, tulisan ini berupaya melihat kebijakan ekonomi politik Rusia dalam menghadapi arus demokrasi dan globalisasi. Kata kunci: Rusia, globalisasi, demokrasi dan perang dingin

  13. PERJANJIAN SEWA GUNA USAHA ANTARA LESSEE DAN LESSOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aprilianti Aprilianti

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Perjanjian sewa guna usaha (leasing yang diadakan oleh Lessor dan Lesseen dilakukan secara tertulis dalam bentuk perjanjian standar. Isi perjanjian tersebut ditentukan oleh jenis dari leasing itu sendiri dan hubungan hukum (hak dan kewajiban timbal balik antara Lessor dan Lessee. Bagi Lessor, hak dan kewajibannya adalah memperoleh pembayaran sebagai imbalan jasa dan menyerahkan barang modal kepada Lessee. Sedangkan hak dan kewajiban Lessee adalah meperoleh kegunaan dari barang modal dan membayar sewa secara berkala. Tidak dipenuhinya hak dan kewajiban masing-masing pihak maka dapat disebut wanprestasi. Perjanjian akan berakhir jika hak dan kewajiban Lessor dan Lessee telah dilaksanakan sesuai dengan perjanjian. Kata Kunci: Leasing, Lessor, Lessee, hak dan kewajiban.

  14. KONTEKS DAN KONSTRUKSI SOSIAL MENGENAI KEMATIAN ELEKTIF ( EUTHANASIA ∗

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helly Prajitno Soetjipto

    2015-09-01

    konteks sosial dan konstruksi sosial kematian. Euthanasia didiskusikan di dalam suatu kerangka pikir yang mencoba memberi perhatian kepada hal-hal yang kontekstual dan interpretatif fenomena sosial suatu proses kematian dan kejadian kematian

  15. Kyste hydatique du foie rompu dans la paroi abdominale et dans le ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le kyste hydatique du foie est une parasitose qui sévit à l´état endémique au maroc. La rupture dans la paroi abdominale et dans le psoas est une complication exceptionnelle. Nous rapportons un cas de kyste hydatique du foie rompu dans la paroi et dans le muscle psoas. Le diagnostic a été établi sur les données de ...

  16. Lingkungan Rumah dan Kejadian Difteri di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya dan Kabupaten Garut

    OpenAIRE

    Kartono, Basuki

    2008-01-01

    Kejadian Luar Biasa (KLB) difteri yang terjadi di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya (55 kasus dan 15 meninggal) dan Kabupaten Garut (17 kasus dan 2 meningal, CFR = 11,76%, AR = 1,5%). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan lingkungan rumah dengan kejadian difteri pada Kejadian Luar Biasa difteri tersebut. Penelitian dengan desain kasus kontrol dengan kasus adalah anak usia 1 – 15 tahun penderita atau karier difteri berdasarkan hasil diagnosis klinis dan pemeriksaan laboratorium. Kontrol adala...

  17. Uji Kualitatif Dan Kuantitatif Golongan Senyawa Organik Dari Kulit Dan Kayu Batang Tumbuhan Artocarpus Dadah Miq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indarto Indarto

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Sekarang ini kimia tumbuhan atau yang dikenal dengan fitokimia telah berkembang menjadi suatu disiplin ilmu tersendiri, yang berada di antara kimia organik bahan alam dan biokimia tumbuhan, serta mempunyai kaitan erat dengan keduanya. Bidang perhatian fitokimia adalah aneka ragam senyawa organik yang dibentuk dan ditimbun oleh tumbuhan, yaitu mengenai struktur kimiannya, biosintesisnya, perubahan serta metabolismenya, penyebarannya secara alamiah, dan fungsi biologinya. Penentuan secara kualitatif dapat memberikan informasi keberadaan senyawa atau golongan senyawa tertentu, dan kuantitatif memungkinkan kita membedakan mana komponen utama dan mana komponen tambahan dalam campuran. Tumbuhan A. dadah Miq. merupakan salah satu spesies dari Artocarpus. Uji yang dilakukan secara kualitatif meliputi uji tanin, saponin, flavonoid, steroid, terpenoid, dan kardiak glikosida. Uji kuantitatif meliputi uji fenol total, alkaloid, tanin, dan flavonoid. Dari uji yang telah dilakukan, sampel kulit batang positif mengandung senyawa tanin, saponin, flavonoid, terpenoid, alkaloid, dan kardiakglikosida. Sedangkan sampel kayu batang positif mengandung senyawa tanin, saponin, flavonoid, steroid, terpenoid, dan alkaloid. Sedangkan uji yang dilakukan secara kuantitatif meliputi uji fenol total, tanin, alkaloid, dan uji flavonoid. Dari uji ini, kandungan dalam kulit batang sebesar 0.0529 % untuk fenol total, 27,7176 % tanin, 9,455 % flavonoid, dan 2,756 % alkaloid. Sedangkan dalam kayu batang sebesar 0,5555 % fenol total, 0,8987 % tanin, 3,312 % flavonoid, dan 0,694 % alkaloid. Kata kunci : artocarpus dadah,  miq fitokimi

  18. BAHAYA LATEN INFEKSI GONORE DAN KLAMIDIA DI ASIA SELATAN & ASIA TENGGARA, DI INDONESIA DAN KOTA MANADO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aron Pirade

    2014-04-01

    menempati urutan tertinggi. Wilayah Asia Selatan dan Asia Timur-Selatan (juga disebut Asia Tenggara adalah wilayah dengan prevalensi Gonore dan Klamidia terbesar. Prevalensi Gonore di tahun 1995 dan 1999 yaitu 29.11 dan 27.2 juta penduduk wilayah Asia Selatan dan Asia Tenggara. Klamidia, di tahun 1995 dan tahun 1999 yaitu 40.48 dan 42.89 juta penduduk wilayah Asia Selatan dan Asia Tenggara. Di Indonesia sendiri, pada 11 area penelitian menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi Gonore dalam wilayah Indonesia menunjukkan rata-rata prosentasenya 20%-40% dari keseluruhan STI pada wanita beresiko tinggi terkena STI. Sedangkan infeksi oleh Klamidia prosentasenya 15%- 45% dari keseluruhan STI pada wanita beresiko tinggi terkena penyakit kelamin. Prosentase Gonore dan Klamidia di Kota Manado rata-rata 15-30%. Tingginya prevalensi infeksi Gonore dan Klamidia di Asia Tenggara, ternyata diikuti juga dengan tingginya perkembangan infeksi Gonore dan Klamidia di Indonesia dan Kota Manado.

  19. Perbandingan Efektivitas dan Keamanan Vaksin Pertusis Aselular dan Whole-cell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sendy Tjahjowargo

    2017-03-01

    Kesimpulan. Vaksin DTaP dan DTwP mempunyai efektivitas yang sebanding. Vaksin DTwP mempunyai effect size yang lebih besar untuk melindungi terhadap penyakit pertusis dan perlindungan jangka panjang yang lebih baik dibandingkan vaksin DTaP. Vaksin DTaP mempunyai KIPI yang lebih ringan dan jarang dibandingkan vaksin DTwP.

  20. NCEP ATP III dan Framingham score

    OpenAIRE

    Hasan, Refli; Fahila, Reny

    2016-01-01

    Laporan ini merupakan Program Pendidikan Kolesterol National yang diperbaharui yaitu pedoman klinis untuk melakukan pengujian kolesterol dan manajemen. ATP III dibuat berdasarkan bukti dan laporan ekstensif yang akan menjadi referensi dan rekomendasi ilmiah. Laporan ATP III dapat dijadikan pedoman untuk pemberian terapi penurun kolesterol yang intensif dalam praktek. Pedoman ini hanya sebagai informasi , tidak dapat mempengaruhi secara mutlak dalam penilaian klinis dokter yang akhirnya menent...

  1. Berwirausaha dan Mengatur Keuangan Sejak Dini

    OpenAIRE

    Putri, Aning Kesuma

    2016-01-01

    Merubah pola pikir untuk berwirausaha sangat susah tapi tidak mungkin tidak bisa dibenahi mulai dari sekarang. Berwirausaha merupakan salah satu profesi yang menjanjikan, yang bisa membuat sesorang menjadi lebih mandiri. Banyak yang menganggap jika berwirausaha harus memiliki modal yang besar, faktor keberuntungan dan faktor keturunan. Kenyataannya kunci untuk menjadi wirausaha adalah tekad dan motivasi tinggi serta sistem pengaturan keuangan dan manajemen yang baik. Lebih baik lagi jika, sej...

  2. Pengelolaan dan Pengembangan Bisnis Tempat Cuci Motor

    OpenAIRE

    Candra, Beny

    2014-01-01

    - Saat ini setiap sisi jalan di jumpai banyak tempat layanan cuci motor, hal tersebut dikarenakan bagi kebanyakan masyarakat kota, jasa cuci motor merupakan sebagai suatu kebutuhan sarana untuk mencuci motor yang praktis disela-sela kesibukan serta rutinitas kerja setiap harinya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan manajemen bisnis jasa cuci sepeda, menganalisis situasi dan kondisi lingkungan eksternal dan internal dengan menggunakan analisis SWOT dan alternatif model rencana strat...

  3. Cooperation for a competitive position: The impact of hospital cooperation behavior on organizational performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Büchner, Vera Antonia; Hinz, Vera; Schreyögg, Jonas

    2015-01-01

    Several public policy initiatives, particularly those involving managed care, aim to enhance cooperation between partners in the health care sector because it is expected that such cooperation will reduce costs and generate additional revenue. However, empirical evidence regarding the effects of cooperation on hospital performance is scarce, particularly with respect to creating a comprehensive measure of cooperation behavior. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of hospital cooperation behavior on organizational performance. We differentiate between horizontal and vertical cooperation using two alternative measures-cooperation depth and cooperation breadth-and include the interaction effects between both cooperation directions. Data are derived from a survey of German hospitals and combined with objective performance information from annual financial statements. Generalized linear regression models are used. The study findings provide insight into the nature of hospitals' cooperation behavior. In particular, we show that there are negative synergies between horizontal administrative cooperation behavior and vertical cooperation behavior. Whereas the depth and breadth of horizontal administrative cooperation positively affect financial performance (when there is no vertical cooperation), vertical cooperation positively affects financial performance (when there is no horizontal administrative cooperation) only when cooperation is broad (rather than deep). Horizontal cooperation is generally more effective than vertical cooperation at improving financial performance. Hospital managers should consider the negative interaction effect when making decisions about whether to recommend a cooperative relationship in a horizontal or vertical direction. In addition, managers should be aware of the limited financial benefit of cooperation behavior.

  4. Persepsi Santri dan Kiai terhadap Pluralisme Agama di Pendidikan Ulama Tarjih Muhammadiyah (PUTM dan Aswaja Nusantara Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainal Arifin

    2017-05-01

    Abstrak: Perdebatan pluralisme agama masih mengemuka dalam konteks masyarakat majemuk di Nusantara. Bahkan, tidak jarang menimbulkan konflik dan perang pemikiran. Menarik melihat perspektif kiai dan santri Muhammadiyah dan NU terhadap isu pluralisme melalui praktik pendidikan di Ulama Tarjih Muhammadiyah (PUTM Yogyakarta dan Pondok Pesantren Aswaja Nusantara Yogyakarta yang dianggap representatif karena membawa muatan konsep, ide dan paradigma dari Muhammadiyah dan NU. Penelitian ini bersifat kualitatif,  data diperoleh dari wawancara dan studi kepustakaan dengan saling memberikan verifikasi, koreksi dan pelengkap. Hasil penelitian ini, PUTM dan Pesantren Aswaja Nusantara memiliki konsep yang sama dalam memegang teguh akidah, yakni sikap eksklusif dan menolak pluralisme secara teologis namun menerimanya secara sosiologis. Sehingga, paradigma dari dua lembaga tersebut merepresentasikan dari paradigma Muhammadiyah dan NU dalam merespon fenomena pluralisme agama dan budaya.

  5. Astronaut Gordon Cooper during flight tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    1963-01-01

    Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper, prime pilot for the Mercury-Atlas 9 mission, relaxes while waiting for weight and balance tests to begin (03974); Cooper prior to entering the Mercury Spacecraft for a series of simulated flight tests. During these tests NASA doctors, engineers and technicians monitor Cooper's performance (03975); Cooper undergoing suit pressurization tests (03976).

  6. 10 CFR 745.114 - Cooperative research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cooperative research. 745.114 Section 745.114 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS § 745.114 Cooperative research. Cooperative research... of cooperative research projects, each institution is responsible for safeguarding the rights and...

  7. 28 CFR 46.114 - Cooperative research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cooperative research. 46.114 Section 46... Cooperative research. Cooperative research projects are those projects covered by this policy which involve more than one institution. In the conduct of cooperative research projects, each institution is...

  8. 16 CFR 1028.114 - Cooperative research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cooperative research. 1028.114 Section 1028... § 1028.114 Cooperative research. Cooperative research projects are those projects covered by this policy which involve more than one institution. In the conduct of cooperative research projects, each...

  9. 38 CFR 16.114 - Cooperative research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cooperative research. 16... OF HUMAN SUBJECTS § 16.114 Cooperative research. Cooperative research projects are those projects covered by this policy which involve more than one institution. In the conduct of cooperative research...

  10. 14 CFR 1230.114 - Cooperative research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cooperative research. 1230.114 Section 1230... § 1230.114 Cooperative research. Cooperative research projects are those projects covered by this policy which involve more than one institution. In the conduct of cooperative research projects, each...

  11. 15 CFR 27.114 - Cooperative research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cooperative research. 27.114 Section... § 27.114 Cooperative research. Cooperative research projects are those projects covered by this policy which involve more than one institution. In the conduct of cooperative research projects, each...

  12. 45 CFR 690.114 - Cooperative research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cooperative research. 690.114 Section 690.114... OF HUMAN SUBJECTS § 690.114 Cooperative research. Cooperative research projects are those projects covered by this policy which involve more than one institution. In the conduct of cooperative research...

  13. 32 CFR 219.114 - Cooperative research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cooperative research. 219.114 Section 219.114...) MISCELLANEOUS PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS § 219.114 Cooperative research. Cooperative research projects are... cooperative research projects, each institution is responsible for safeguarding the rights and welfare of...

  14. 36 CFR 212.3 - Cooperative work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cooperative work. 212.3... MANAGEMENT Administration of the Forest Transportation System § 212.3 Cooperative work. (a) Cooperative... for expenditure from the appropriation “Cooperative Work, Forest Service.” If a State, county or other...

  15. Culture and Cooperation during the Interwar Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anişoara Popa

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the most important Publications of the International Institute for Intellectual Cooperation (1925-1946 we will explore the ideas concerning culture and personalities involved in the intellectual cooperation during the Interwar Period. Pointing out the role that the International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation had and the Romanian contribution to this cooperation is another purpose of this article.

  16. Department of Defense International Space Cooperation Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    related activities and mission areas. The key purposes for this expanded international space cooperation and collaboration are...space security by "expanding our international space cooperation activities." 1 DoD’ s national security space- related international engagements... International Space Cooperation Strategy (U) The attached unclassified version of the DoD International Space Cooperation Strategy (ISCS) is

  17. International nuclear cooperation in Asia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lim, Yong-Kyu

    1987-01-01

    Nuclear power project traditionally involve huge financial investment, highly sophisticated technology, and long lead time. Many countries, particularly developing ones, find it impossible to implement their nuclear power programs without technical cooperation and assistance from advanced countries. In this Asia and Pacific Region, seven countries have commercial nuclear power units in operation and/or under construction. Korea has six nuclear power units in operation, and three under construction. Active nuclear cooperation has been instrumental in implementing her abmitious nuclear power programs successfully. Nuclear cooperation is one of the widely recognized necessities, which is quite often talked about among the countries of the Asia and Pacific Region. But the differences in nuclear maturity and national interests among those in the region seem to be standing against it. Given the constraints, it is not easy to select appropriate areas for cooperation. There is no doubt, however, that they should include the nuclear policy, nuclear safety, radwaste management, radiological protection, and the management of nuclear units. In order to effectively promote nuclear cooperation in the Region, the scope of RCA activities must be expanded to include the nuclear power area. The Regional Nuclear Data Bank, the Regional Training Center and the Nuclear Emergency Response Center, for example, would be the effective tools for cooperation to meet the demands of the countries in the Region. In view of the technological gap between Japan and all others in the region, we cannot speak of a regional nuclear cooperation without heavily counting on Japan, the most advanced nuclear state in the region. For these reasons, Japan is expected to share an increasing portion of her nuclear technology with others. (author)

  18. Sistem Pengukur Suhu dan Kelembaban Ruang Server

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Fahmi Awaj

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Makalah ini membahas tentang perancangan sistem pengukur suhu dan kelembaban ruang server yang dapat meningkatkan efisiensi daya listrik dengan menggunakan arduino. Sistem terdiri dari sensor DHT 11 yang berfungsi untuk mengambil data berupa suhu dan kelembaban ruang server kemudian ditampilkan dalam LCD 16x2. Data suhu dan kelembaban ditampilkan juga ke dalam website dengan menggunakan IP address tertentu yang sebelumnya board arduino telah terhubung dengan ethernet shield. Suhu yang melebihi 270C akan menyalakan relay dan kipas serta sistem akan mengirim peringatan sms secara otomatis kepada administrator ruang server melalui sistem sms secara periodik hanya setiap tiga detik. Sistem peringatan sms akan berhenti jika suhu kurang 270C.

  19. Gender dan Pengembangan Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu’timaalahu yatazaka

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini berisi penjelasan tentang diskursus gender dalam pengembangan pemikiran pendidikan Islam, dan dijumpai banyak problem ketidakadilan, yang diperlukan solusi untuk mengatasinya. Problem fundamental gender pada level epistemologis-metodologis untuk mengembangkan pendidikan Islam berbasis gender ini ialah direkonstruksinya aspek epistemologi pendidikan Islam. Para pendidik dan peserta didik juga perlu mengubah paradigma dan mindset pada sensitif gender. Artikel ini juga berisi penjelasan tentang metodologi pendidikan Islam berbasis gender dengan pendekatan integrasi, normatif, historis dan intuitif untuk merespon isu-isu gender dalam praktik pendidikan Islam

  20. METODE KETIDAKPASTIAN DAN KESAMARAN DALAM SISTEM PAKAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putu Manik Prihatini

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Kecerdasan buatan dikembangkan untuk membuat agar mesin (komputer dapat melakukan pekerjaan seperti dan sebaik manusia. Sistem Pakar merupakan bagian dari kecerdasan buatan yang mengandung pengetahuan dan pengalaman yang dimasukkan oleh satu atau banyak pakar ke dalam satu area pengetahuan tertentu. Pengetahuan dan pengalaman yang ada dalam dunia nyata yang akan direpresentasikan kedalam sistem pakar penuh dengan unsur ketidakpastian dan kesamaran. Beberapa metode yang sering digunakan untuk menangani masalah ketidakpastian dan kesamaran adalah dengan menggunakan teknik probabilitas, faktor kepastian dan logika fuzzy. Teorema Bayes merupakan bagian dari teknik probabilitas yang menekankan pada konsep probabilitas hipotesis dan evidence, sedangkan teknik probabilitas dengan teori Dempster-Shaffer menekankan pada konsep beliefe dan plausability. Pada metode dengan faktor kepastian menekankan pada nilai kepercayaan yang diberikan oleh seorang pengguna dan pakar. Pada metode dengan logika fuzzy menekankan pada derajat keanggotaan dari suatu evidence pada suatu himpunan fuzzy sehingga mampu menangani masalah kesamaran. Untuk memberikan solusi yang lebih baik, metode-metode yang ada bisa dikombinasikan antara yang satu dengan yang lainnya.

  1. PENULARAN DAN PENCEGAHAN AIDS Dl INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tupan Tupan

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS pertama kali ditemukan pada tahun 1981 di Amerika serikat pada pria homoseksual di California dan pada tahun 1982 sudah ditemukan pada hemofilia, penerima tranfusi darah, pemakai obat bius secara intravena dan orang yang berhubunganseksual dengan kelompok-kelompok tersebut diatas. AIDS kini te1ah meluas menjadi pandemi dan masalah internasional. Pertambahan kasus yang cepat pada se1uruh penduduk dan penyebarannya kese1uruh negara, serta belum adanya obat dan vaksin yang efektif terhadap AIDS te1ah menimbulkan keresahan dan keprihatinan di seluruh dunia. Penyebab AIDS ada1ah suatu retro virus yang sejak tahun 1986 disebutHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV . HIV yang masuk kedalam tubuhakan menyerang sel darah putih, yaitu limposit T4 yang mempunyai peranan penting sebagai pengatur sistem imunitas. HIV mengadakan ikatan dengan CD 4 reseptor yang terdapat pada pennukaan limposit T4. Sekarang diketahui bahwa virus ini dapat langsung merusak sel tubuh yang mempunyai CD4 seperti sel glia yang terdapat pada otak, makrofag dan sel langerhans dikulit, saluran pencernaan dan saluran pernapasan. Suatu enzim, reverse transcriptase mengubah bahan genetik virus (RNA menjadi DNA yang bisa bedntegrasi dengan sel dari hospes. Selanjutnya sel yang berkembang biak akan mengandung genetik menyebabkan infeksi oleh HIV menjadi ireversible dan berlangsung seumur hidup.

  2. Makanan Fungsional, Konsep dan Peraturannya

    OpenAIRE

    Astuti, Mary

    2017-01-01

    Perlu adanya persepsi yang sama tentang apa yang dimaksud dengan makanan fungsional yang dipopulerkan Jepang sebagai FOSHU yang berupa makanan biasa bukan pit ataupun kapsul, dan merupakan makanan yang dirancang sedemikian rupa sehingga fungsi fisologis dapat lebih dioptimalkan terutama untuk mencegah secara dint terjadinya penyakit tertentu. Peraturan perlu segera dipersiapkan baik yang berlaku secara nasional ataupun internasional. Indonesia telah mempunyai Undang-undang Pangan tetapi belum...

  3. TASAWUF DAN TANTANGAN PERUBAHAN SOSIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusno Abdullah Otta

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Sufism in the eras of globalization and information often faces considerable challenges. The function and role of religion in modern life have in some aspects diminished, including sufism because it is claimed to have played no or less role in resolving problems nor stimulating social change. As one of Islamic traditions, sufism makes ihsan as its essential teaching. By this concept, sufism encourages humans to pray to God wholeheartedly. Sufism is now required to show its own existence and function by making fundamental contribution for modern life, an era which differ socio-culturally from the one when sufism firstly emerged. Sufism thus needs to adapt itself to the changes in the era of information and globalization so that it will remain relevant and suitable for human progress. Sufism needs to release itself from its exclusivism and to avoid being trapped in its own logic, namely speculative-trancendentalism Abstrak: Tasawuf di era globalisasi dan informasi seperti saat ini tengah menghadapi tantangan yang sangat berat. Kehidupan modern sudah sampai pada taraf tidak lagi mempercayai fungsi dan peran agama, termasuk di dalamnya tasawuf, sebagai ‘sesuatu’ yang dapat memberikan solusi bagi perubahan sosial. Sebagai manifestasi paripurna dari ajaran Islam, tasawuf berintikan pada konsep Ihsān yang mengajarkan untuk beribadah kepada Sang Pencipta secara ikhlas. Untuk menunjukkan eksistensinya, tasawuf dituntut peran aktifnya secara konstruktif-solutif terhadap berbagai kebutuhan manusia modern yang amat berbeda dengan setting maupun struktur masyarakat pada saat tasawuf “dilahirkan” pada zamannya. Tasawuf dituntut untuk memerlukan “baju” baru di era informasi yang kerap berubah ini, agar tetap realible dan suitable dengan kemajuan zaman. Hal itu dapat dilakukan dengan berusaha “keluar” dari eksklusifismenya dengan meminjam tradisi filsafat analitik pasca positivisme dan tradisi eksistensialis serta dinamika filsafat

  4. Regional cooperation in nuclear energy development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chung, K.; Muntzing, L.M.

    1987-01-01

    In November 1985, PBNCC (the Pacific Basin Nuclear Cooperation Committee) was formally established. Currently six Pacific Basin members have been participating in PBNCC: Canada, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Taiwan of Chian, and the United States of America. The People's Republic of China has sent observes to the PBNCC meetings. The technical contents of PBWCC working groups are as follows: 1. Regional cooperative for pooled spare parts of nuclear power plants and inventory management; 2. Regional cooperation in nuclear training; 3. Regional cooperation on nuclear safety; 4. Regional cooperation in Codes and Standards; 5. Regional Cooperation in public acceptance; 6. Regional cooperation on radwaste management. (Liu)

  5. ISOLASI DAN KARAKTERISASI BAKTERI NITRIFIKASI DAN DENITRIFIKASI SEBAGAI KANDIDAT PROBIOTIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yosmaniar Yosmaniar

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Senyawa nitrogen yang tinggi pada limbah budidaya perikanan intensif dapat memperburuk kualitas air, sehingga perlu diatasi dengan penambahan probiotik untuk proses bioremediasi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan bakteri nitrifikasi dan denitrifikasi yang berpotensi sebagai kandidat probiotik pengendali senyawa nitrogen pada budidaya ikan air tawar. Tahap penelitian terdiri atas: 1 koleksi sampel air dan sedimen dari kolam budidaya ikan patin di kawasan minapolitan Desa Pudak Kecamatan Kumpeh Kabupaten Muaro Jambi Provinsi Jambi dan Desa Koto Mesjid Kecamatan XIII Koto Kampar Kabupaten Kampar Provinsi Riau; 2 pengujian sampel secara in vitro yang meliputi: a Isolasi dan seleksi bakteri nitrifikasi dan denitrifikasi; b Karakterisasi morfologis bakteri terpilih; c Karakterisasi fisiologi/biokimia isolat bakteri terpilih; d Karakterisasi genetika isolat bakteri terpilih dengan sekuensing 16S-rRNA. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diperoleh empat isolat bakteri nitrifikasi dan empat isolate bakteri denitrifikasi. Isolat bakteri nitrifikasi Pandoraea pnomenusa strain 1318 (NP1; Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PSE12 (NP2; Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PSE12 (NP3; Burkholderia vietnamiensis strain NE 7 (NP4; dan denitrifikasi Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain TPL14 (DP1; Stenotrophomonas acidaminiphila strain BTY (DP2; Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain BHWSL2 (DP3; Ochrobactrum intermedium strain: SQ 20 (DP4 Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain TPL14 (DP1; Stenotrophomonas acidaminiphila strain BTY (DP2; Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain BHWSL2 (DP3; Ochrobactrum intermedium strain: SQ 20 (DP4; yang berpotensi digunakan sebagai kandidat probiotik pengendali senyawa nitrogen pada budidaya ikan air tawar. Wastes from an intensive aquaculture contain nitrogen compounds which, if untreated, could rapidly reduce water quality condition within the system. The addition of probiotics as bioremediation to

  6. Analisis Kinerja EIGRP dan OSPF pada Topologi Ring dan Mesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DWI ARYANTA

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK EIGRP (Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol dan OSPF (Open Shortest Path Fisrt adalah routing protokol yang banyak digunakan pada suatu jaringan komputer. EIGRP hanya dapat digunakan pada perangkat Merk CISCO, sedangkan OSPF dapat digunakan pada semua merk jaringan. Pada penelitian ini dibandingkan delay dan rute dari kedua routing protokol yang diimplementasikan pada topologi Ring dan Mesh. Cisco Packet Tracer 5.3 digunakan untuk mensimulasikan kedua routing protokol ini. Skenario pertama adalah perancangan jaringan kemudian dilakukan pengujian waktu delay 100 kali dalam 5 kasus. Skenario kedua dilakukan pengujian trace route untuk mengetahui jalur yang dilewati paket data lalu memutus link utama. Pada skenario kedua juga dilakukan perbandingan nilai metric dan cost hasil simulasi dengan perhitungan rumus. Skenario ketiga dilakukan pengujian waktu konvergensi untuk setiap routing protokol pada setiap topologi. Hasilnya EIGRP lebih cepat 386 µs daripada OSPF untuk topologi Ring sedangkan OSPF lebih cepat 453 µs daripada EIGRP untuk topologi Mesh. Hasil trace route menunjukan rute yang dipilih oleh routing protokol yaitu nilai metric dan cost yang terkecil. Waktu konvergensi rata-rata topologi Ring pada EIGRP sebesar 12,75 detik dan 34,5 detik pada OSPF sedangkan topologi Mesh di EIGRP sebesar 13 detik dan 35,25 detik di OSPF. Kata Kunci: EIGRP, OSPF, Packet Tracer 5.3, Ring, Mesh, Konvergensi ABSTRACT EIGRP (Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol and OSPF (Open Shortest Path Fisrt is the routing protocol that is widely used in a computer network. EIGRP can only be used on devices Brand CISCO, while OSPF can be used on all brands of network. In this study comparison of both the delay and the routing protocol implemented on Ring and Mesh topology. Cisco Packet Tracer 5.3 is used to simulate both the routing protocol. The first scenario is the design of the network and then do the test of time delay 100 times in 5 cases. The

  7. Analisis Kinerja EIGRP dan OSPF pada Topologi Ring dan Mesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DWI ARYANTA

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK EIGRP (Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol dan OSPF (Open Shortest Path Fisrt adalah routing protokol yang banyak digunakan pada suatu jaringan komputer. EIGRP hanya dapat digunakan pada perangkat Merk CISCO, sedangkan OSPF dapat digunakan pada semua merk jaringan. Pada penelitian ini dibandingkan delay dan rute dari kedua routing protokol yang diimplementasikan pada topologi Ring dan Mesh. Cisco Packet Tracer 5.3 digunakan untuk mensimulasikan kedua routing protokol ini. Skenario pertama adalah perancangan jaringan kemudian dilakukan pengujian waktu delay 100 kali dalam 5 kasus. Skenario kedua dilakukan pengujian trace route untuk mengetahui jalur yang dilewati paket data lalu memutus link utama. Pada skenario kedua juga dilakukan perbandingan nilai metric dan cost hasil simulasi dengan perhitungan rumus. Skenario ketiga dilakukan pengujian waktu konvergensi untuk setiap routing protokol pada setiap topologi. Hasilnya EIGRP lebih cepat 386 µs daripada OSPF untuk topologi Ring sedangkan OSPF lebih cepat 453 µs daripada EIGRP untuk topologi Mesh. Hasil trace route menunjukan rute yang dipilih oleh routing protokol yaitu nilai metric dan cost yang terkecil. Waktu konvergensi rata-rata topologi Ring pada EIGRP sebesar 12,75 detik dan 34,5 detik pada OSPF sedangkan topologi Mesh di EIGRP sebesar 13 detik dan 35,25 detik di OSPF. Kata Kunci : EIGRP, OSPF, Packet Tracer 5.3, Ring, Mesh, Konvergensi ABSTRACT EIGRP (Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol and OSPF (Open Shortest Path Fisrt is the routing protocol that is widely used in a computer network. EIGRP can only be used on devices Brand CISCO, while OSPF can be used on all brands of network. In this study comparison of both the delay and the routing protocol implemented on Ring and Mesh topology. Cisco Packet Tracer 5.3 is used to simulate both the routing protocol. The first scenario is the design of the network and then do the test of time delay 100 times in 5 cases. The

  8. Lincoln à Cooper Union : Une analyse rhétorique du texte Lincoln at Cooper Union: A Rhetorical Analysis of the Text

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerald P. Mohrmann

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available En guise d’introductionPrononcé le 27 février 1860 dans la grande salle de l’Union Cooper pour le Développement de la Science et de l’Art, peu avant la création du Parti républicain, les élections présidentielles de novembre 1860 et à la veille de la guerre de Sécession (1861-1865, le discours de Cooper Union prend place à une période riche en événements fondateurs de l’histoire des Etats-Unis. Aussi est-il nécessaire d’en rappeler le contexte politique, indispensable à la bonne compréhensio...

  9. The maintenance of cooperative and helping behaviours in cooperative groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillies, R M

    2000-03-01

    This study was a full-year investigation of whether children, who had previously been trained to cooperate and help each other, were able to use these behaviours in reconstituted groups without additional training one year later. (i) To examine whether children who have previously been trained to cooperate demonstrate more cooperative and helping behaviours in their groups than children who had no been trained and (ii) to determine the effect of prior training on children's learning. The study involved 144 Grade 2 children (mean age = 94.5 months; third year of schooling), from nine schools in a similar socio-demographic area of Brisbane, Australia. Sixty-four children, who had been trained in cooperative group behaviours in the previous year, were assigned to the Trained groups and 80 children, who had not received any training, were assigned to the Untrained groups. The children worked in four-person, mixed-ability (high-, medium-, and low-ability), gender-balanced groups (2 males, 2 females) for one six-week social studies unit of work each term for three school terms. Videotaping occurred in the 5-6 week of each work unit. Videotapes were coded for behaviour and verbal interactions. Learning outcomes data were also collected. The children in the trained groups exhibited more cooperative behaviour and they provided more explanations, both in response to explicit and implicit requests for help across the three periods of time. The children in the trained groups used higher level cognitive strategies such as providing specific concrete facts and reasons in their interactions and they also obtained higher scores on the learning outcomes questionnaire than their untrained peers. Young children who have been trained to cooperate and help each other are able to demonstrate these behaviours in reconstituted groups without additional training a year later.

  10. Hierarchy is Detrimental for Human Cooperation

    OpenAIRE

    Cronin, Katherine A.; Acheson, Daniel J.; Hernández, Penélope; Sánchez, Angel

    2016-01-01

    Studies of animal behavior consistently demonstrate that the social environment impacts cooperation, yet the effect of social dynamics has been largely excluded from studies of human cooperation. Here, we introduce a novel approach inspired by nonhuman primate research to address how social hierarchies impact human cooperation. Participants competed to earn hierarchy positions and then could cooperate with another individual in the hierarchy by investing in a common effort. Cooperation was ac...

  11. Cooperative conversations. The effect of cooperative learning on conversational interaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, K J

    1995-03-01

    An ongoing challenge for educators of deaf and hard-of-hearing students is to find opportunities for students to use their language skills in a functional way, that is, through conversation. This study was initiated to determine whether cooperative learning is a viable means of encouraging mainstreamed hard-of-hearing students to engage in conversational interaction with their hearing peers and teachers. A single-subject design utilizing three mainstreamed hard-of-hearing subjects attending middle school was used to examine this question. Results of the study indicated that cooperative learning positively influenced the conversational turns, initiations, moves, and mean length of turn in these hard-of-hearing subjects.

  12. Forskningsoversigt - Effekterne af Cooperative Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lea Lund

    Kan Cooperative Learning - en undervisningsform hvor lærerens tid ved tavlen mindskes og hvor de lærende samarbejder om stoffet - maksimere de lærendes indlæring og medvirke til en forbedring af deres interpersonelle og kommunikative kompetencer, samt øge deres motivation for læring? Den megen...... forskning fra USA viser, at Cooperative Learning øger lærerens bevidsthed om, hvilken adfærd, han er medvirkende til at skabe blandt de lærende. Og den øger lærerens bevidsthed omkring interaktioner i klasserummet, og giver god plads og taletid til hver enkelt lærende. Set i lyset heraf kan Cooperative......, at Cooperative Learning har lige så høj grad af positiv effekt, som den viser sig at have på grundskoleområdet. Det er sigtet med denne oversigt over den empiriske forskning. Til start præsenteres Cooperative Learning som metode, dens rødder og udvikling, dernæst skitseres den omfattende forskning omkring...

  13. The Globalization of Cooperative Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdivieso, Manuel; Corn, Benjamin W; Dancey, Janet E; Wickerham, D Lawrence; Horvath, L Elise; Perez, Edith A; Urton, Alison; Cronin, Walter M; Field, Erica; Lackey, Evonne; Blanke, Charles D

    2015-10-01

    The National Cancer Institute (NCI)-supported adult cooperative oncology research groups (now officially Network groups) have a longstanding history of participating in international collaborations throughout the world. Most frequently, the US-based cooperative groups work reciprocally with the Canadian national adult cancer clinical trial group, NCIC CTG (previously the National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group). Thus, Canada is the largest contributor to cooperative groups based in the United States, and vice versa. Although international collaborations have many benefits, they are most frequently utilized to enhance patient accrual to large phase III trials originating in the United States or Canada. Within the cooperative group setting, adequate attention has not been given to the study of cancers that are unique to countries outside the United States and Canada, such as those frequently associated with infections in Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Global collaborations are limited by a number of barriers, some of which are unique to the countries involved, while others are related to financial support and to US policies that restrict drug distribution outside the United States. This article serves to detail the cooperative group experience in international research and describe how international collaboration in cancer clinical trials is a promising and important area that requires greater consideration in the future. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Diagnosis dan Penatalaksanaan Striktur Esofagus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fachzi Fitri

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakLatar belakang : Kasus striktur esofagus jarang ditemukan, namun kasus ini memerlukan penanganan yang optimal. Sebelum kita melakukan penatalaksanaan terhadap striktur esofagus, perlu dilakukan diagnosis yang akurat agar dapat memilih teknik penatalaksanaan yang tepat. Tujuan : untuk mengetahui cara mendiagnosis dan penatalaksanaan striktur esofagus. Tinjauan pustaka : Striktur esofagus merupakan penyempitan lumen esofagus yang dapat menyebabkan keluhan disfagia. Berdasarkan etiologinya, striktur esofagus dibedakan menjadi striktur esofagus benigna dan maligna. Striktur esofagus benigna disebabkan oleh GERD, zat korosif, web, radiasi, post anastomosis esofagus, sedangkan striktur esofagus maligna disebabkan oleh keganasan baik dari dalam maupun dari luar esofagus. Diagnosis suatu striktur esofagus dapat ditegakkan melalui pemeriksaan barium meal, esofagoskopi, tomografi komputer dan rontgen toraks. Penatalaksanaan kasus striktur ini dapat berupa dilatasi dengan busi atau balon, pemasangan stent dan terapi pembedahan. Pada kasus striktur esofagus maligna juga dapat dilakukan terapi laser dan teknik brakiterapi. Kesimpulan: diagnosis yang akurat perlu dilakukan sebelum memilih teknik penatalaksanaan yang tepat, sehingga dapat mengurangi keluhan disfagia pada penderita striktur esofagus.Kata kunci: Striktur esofagus, barium meal, esofagoskopi, dilatasi, stent, laser, brakiterapiAbstractBackground: Esophageal stricture is rare cases, but these cases required optimal management. Before we manage of esophageal strictures, need an accurate diagnosis in order to choose appropriate management techniques. Purpose: to know how to diagnose and management of esophageal strictures. Literature review: esophageal stricture is a narrowing of the lumen of the esophagus that cause dysphagia. Based on the etiology, esophageal strictures can be divided into benign and malignant. Benign esophageal strictures caused by GERD, corrosive substances, web, radiation

  15. KEJAHATAN PORNOGRAFI Upaya Pencegahan dan Penanggulangannya di Kabupaten Ponorogo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irma Rumtianing Uswatul Hanifah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Pemerintah telah mengeluarkan undang-undang No 44 Tahun 2008 tentang pornografi. Tujuan dari undang-undang tersebut salah satunya mewujudkan dan memelihara tatanan kehidupan masyarakat yang beretika, berkepribadian luhur, menjungjung tinggi nilai-nilai Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa, serta menghormati harkat dan martabat kemanusiaan. Dalam perkembangannya, materi pornografi mengalami pertumbuhan dan penyebaran yang pesat seiring dengan perkembangan dan kemajuan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi. Peredaran dan penyebaran film porno kini semakin pesat karena ditopang dengan kecanggihan sarana informasi dan komunikasi salah satunya media internet yang bisa diakses oleh masyarakat pada setiap saat. Tulisan berikut akan mengkaji bagaimana upaya dan trategi yang dilakukan oleh Pemerintah Kabupaten Ponorogo dalam mencegah dan menanggulangi kejahatan pornografi di Kabupaten Ponorogo, apa hambatan dan bagaimana solusi dalam pencegahan serta penanggulangan kejahatan pornografi di Kabupaten Ponorogo serta bagaimana formulasi kebijakan untuk pencegahan dan penanggulangan kejahatan pornografi di Kabupaten Ponorogo. Kata kunci: Pornografi, Polres, KP3A

  16. Regional cooperation prospects in Korea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoon, Wan Ki

    2006-01-01

    The Republic of Korea follows a well-established nuclear nonproliferation policy and could consider regional cooperation as proposed by many nuclear experts over the years. Real problems exist in establishing cooperation, but as the nuclear industry continues to grow, the motivation increases. The US should be a partner in the regional cooperation also. This paper summarizes significant advances made by the NNCA in applying remote monitoring technologies to support international safeguards in the ROK, providing the technical foundation for the use of these technologies for transparency between partner countries. Concrete steps are proposed to form an institutional and then a governmental approach for transparency in the use of nuclear material and even, eventual establishment of a regional safeguards inspection regime. (author)

  17. Cooperation in research and development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grueter, J.W.; Nentwich, D.

    1986-01-01

    In the past years, the Federal Ministry for Research and Technology has concluded government contracts worldwide about bilateral cooperation in research and development. This article raises the question of which contribution can be made by science to the frame conditions of exports. It also deals with the problem of if and how to use the confidence acquired by scientific cooperation in exports. The international offices of large research institutions are presented with reference to their goals, tasks, and possibilities of making a contribution to the coefficiency of publicy and privately financed research and technology development and the export efforts of national economy. Examples from the day-to-day activities within the framework of the bilateral contracts with Brazil, Indonesia and Egypt make the problems and challenges of this important field of international cooperation in research and technology clearer. (orit./UA) [de

  18. Industrial Buyer-Supplier Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Rasmus Friis

    The dissertation considers industrial buyer-supplier cooperation from a systems and management perspective. The purpose is to discuss and elaborate on the buying company’s choice of cooperation strategy (governance mechanism). It is stated that no single governance mechanism will be the best in all...... of analytical dimensions used to analyse and describe the processes in the supply system have been identified and described. The processes in the supply system consist of the exchange process, adaptation processes, sociopolitical processes and internal processes. Response variables have been identified...... and described for each of these analytical dimensions.A supply management concept has been introduced to describe the overall framework for cooperating with the suppliers. A supply management concept consists of the response variables, the performance variables and the knowledge that a company have decided...

  19. Local Water Conflict and Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, Roberto Rivas; Hooper, Catherine; Munk Ravnborg, Helle

    2011-01-01

    In 2007 the Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) launched the research programme “Competing for Water: Understanding conflict and cooperation in local water governance”. Along with partners in five developing countries (Bolivia, Mali, Nicaragua, Vietnam and Zambia), the programme aims...... to contribute to “sustainable local water governance in support of the rural poor and otherwise disadvantaged groups in developing countries by improving the knowledge among researchers and practitioners of the nature, extent and intensity of local water conflict and cooperation and their social, economic...... al, 2007; Nguyen, 2007; Mweemba, C.E. 2007). The purpose of these overviews was to position the research findings on the extent and nature of local-level water-related conflict and cooperation in the context of ongoing efforts to improve the policy, legal and administrative water governance framework...

  20. International cooperation for the environment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engfeldt, Lars-Göran; Kjellén, Bo; Liefferink, Duncan

    2003-01-01

    global environmental conference, the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, was convened on 5 June 1972 in Stockholm. This day in June is now yearly celebrated as the World Environment Day. The motto of the Conference “Only One Earth,” was a revolutionary concept for its time, but is today...... well established as a starting point for international co-operation on the global scale. The 1972 conference led to the formation of the United Nations Environmental Programme, UNEP, and a series of other initiative on a national or regional level. One of them was the co-operation in the Baltic Sea......Pollution does not recognise borders. Many serious pollutants eventually pass national borders, are transboundary, and even spread globally. Protection of the environment therefore requires international cooperation. This was understood from the outset by the environmental movement. The first...

  1. KANDUNGAN ASAM AMINO, TAURIN, MINERAL MAKRO-MIKRO, DAN VITAMIN B12 UBUR-UBUR (Aurelia aurita SEGAR DAN KERING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - - Nurjanah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian adalah menentukan komposisi gizi, asam amino, taurin, mineral makro dan mikro,dan vitamin B12 pada ubur-ubur (Aurelia aurita segar dan kering. Asam amino esensial pada ubur-uburyaitu arginina, leusina, valina, treonina, lisina, isoleusina, fenilalanina, metionina, dan histidina, sedangkanasam amino non esensial yaitu asam glutamat, glisina, asam aspartat, serina, alanina, dan tirosina. Asamamino esensial tertinggi segar dan kering adalah arginina sebesar 1,72% (bk dan 1,44% (bk dan terendahhistidina yaitu sebesar 0,19% (bk dan 0,13% (bk. Asam amino non esensial segar dan kering tertinggiadalah asam glutamat dan glisina yaitu sebesar 3,26% (bk dan 2,62% (bk dan terkecil tirosina sebesar0,38% (bk dan 0,41% (bk. Taurin segar sebesar 2,68% (bk dan kering sebesar 0,67% (bk. Mineral makrotertinggi segar dan kering adalah natrium yaitu 180.092,1 ppm (bk dan 111.209,4 ppm (bk, terkecil adalahkalsium yaitu 5.750,2 ppm (bk dan 11,1 ppm (bk. Mineral mikro tertinggi segar dan kering adalah iodium yaitu8.291,5 ppm (bk dan 1.800 ppm (bk dan yang terkecil adalah tembaga yaitu 1,1 ppm (bk dan 0,6 ppm (bk.Vitamin B12 segar adalah 396,6 μm/100 g (bk dan kering 63,5 μm/100 g (bk.Kata kunci: asam amino, mineral, taurin, ubur-ubur (Aurelia aurita, vitamin B12

  2. Fashion, cooperation, and social interactions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhigang Cao

    Full Text Available Fashion plays such a crucial rule in the evolution of culture and society that it is regarded as a second nature to the human being. Also, its impact on economy is quite nontrivial. On what is fashionable, interestingly, there are two viewpoints that are both extremely widespread but almost opposite: conformists think that what is popular is fashionable, while rebels believe that being different is the essence. Fashion color is fashionable in the first sense, and Lady Gaga in the second. We investigate a model where the population consists of the afore-mentioned two groups of people that are located on social networks (a spatial cellular automata network and small-world networks. This model captures two fundamental kinds of social interactions (coordination and anti-coordination simultaneously, and also has its own interest to game theory: it is a hybrid model of pure competition and pure cooperation. This is true because when a conformist meets a rebel, they play the zero sum matching pennies game, which is pure competition. When two conformists (rebels meet, they play the (anti- coordination game, which is pure cooperation. Simulation shows that simple social interactions greatly promote cooperation: in most cases people can reach an extraordinarily high level of cooperation, through a selfish, myopic, naive, and local interacting dynamic (the best response dynamic. We find that degree of synchronization also plays a critical role, but mostly on the negative side. Four indices, namely cooperation degree, average satisfaction degree, equilibrium ratio and complete ratio, are defined and applied to measure people's cooperation levels from various angles. Phase transition, as well as emergence of many interesting geographic patterns in the cellular automata network, is also observed.

  3. Fashion, Cooperation, and Social Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Zhigang; Gao, Haoyu; Qu, Xinglong; Yang, Mingmin; Yang, Xiaoguang

    2013-01-01

    Fashion plays such a crucial rule in the evolution of culture and society that it is regarded as a second nature to the human being. Also, its impact on economy is quite nontrivial. On what is fashionable, interestingly, there are two viewpoints that are both extremely widespread but almost opposite: conformists think that what is popular is fashionable, while rebels believe that being different is the essence. Fashion color is fashionable in the first sense, and Lady Gaga in the second. We investigate a model where the population consists of the afore-mentioned two groups of people that are located on social networks (a spatial cellular automata network and small-world networks). This model captures two fundamental kinds of social interactions (coordination and anti-coordination) simultaneously, and also has its own interest to game theory: it is a hybrid model of pure competition and pure cooperation. This is true because when a conformist meets a rebel, they play the zero sum matching pennies game, which is pure competition. When two conformists (rebels) meet, they play the (anti-) coordination game, which is pure cooperation. Simulation shows that simple social interactions greatly promote cooperation: in most cases people can reach an extraordinarily high level of cooperation, through a selfish, myopic, naive, and local interacting dynamic (the best response dynamic). We find that degree of synchronization also plays a critical role, but mostly on the negative side. Four indices, namely cooperation degree, average satisfaction degree, equilibrium ratio and complete ratio, are defined and applied to measure people’s cooperation levels from various angles. Phase transition, as well as emergence of many interesting geographic patterns in the cellular automata network, is also observed. PMID:23382799

  4. Pengaruh Susunan dan Ukuran Bilah Bambu Petung (Dendrocalamus asper Dan Bambu Apus (Gigantochloa apus Terhadap Kekuatan Tarik, Kekuatan Tekan Dan Kekuatan Lentur Untuk Komponen Konstruksi Kapal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parlindungan Manik

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Bambu laminasi merupakan bahan bangunan rekayasa yang dibentuk dengan sistem perekatan beberapa bilah bambu sehingga memiliki kelebihan dapat dibuat dalam berbagai ukuran dan sifat mekanika yang lebih uniform dari bahan bambu alami. Teknik laminasi dari bahan bambu menjadi solusi untuk mengembangkan sebuah produk kayu yang memiliki struktur dan sifat mekanik lebih kuat dan awet. Prosedur pembuatan dan pengujian spesimen kayu laminasi bambu petung dan bambu apus mengacu pada SNI-03-3958-1995, SNI-03-3399-1994 dan SNI 03-3959-1995. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan nilai kuat tarik, kuat tekan dan kuat lentur dari dua jenis variasi susunan bilah horizontal dan bata/carvel dengan tebal bilah 3 mm, 5 mm dan 7 mm. Hasil penelitian pada laminasi bambu petung dan bambu apus diperoleh kadar air 12-13 % dan berat jenis 0,60-0,65 gr/cm3 memiliki kuat tarik terbesar 96,72 Mpa (kode PA7H, kuat lentur 101,69 MPa (kode PA7B dan kuat tekan 22,11 MPa (kode PA7B. Variasi susunan bata dan tebal bilah semakin besar mempengaruhi kekuatan tekan dan lentur. Namun sebaliknya untuk kuat tarik, susunan horizontal lebih baik dari susunan bata. Nilai tersebut memenuhi persyaratan kayu lapis sebagai bahan material kapal kayu menurut BKI dan termasuk dalam kelas kuat II sehingga dapat digunakan sebagai material konstruksi kapal.

  5. Improvement of pressure-vessel surveillance of a PWR-power plant of the Societe d'Energie Nucleaire Franco-Belge des Ardennes (S.E.N.A.)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bevilacqua, A.; Lloret, R.; Riehl, R.

    1984-01-01

    This paper describes a new dosimetry, installed inside and outside the Pressure Vessel of CHOOZ Nuclear Power Plant of the Societe d'Energie Nucleaire Franco-Belge des Ardennes (S.E.N.A.), during its 1982-83 operation cycle. The inner dosimetry deals with a simulated capsule located under the reactor plate, and includes copper, nickel, iron, niobium, copper-cobalt, neptunium and uranium dosimeters. Its aim is to qualify the information given by the existing copper dosimetry. The spectrum used with these measurements is obtained by the 1 D ANISN Code and BIP-N 2 library. The outer dosimety is the fluence determination along the outer wall of the vessel. Two tubes, equiped by neutron dosimeters, seven meters long, were fixed along the vessel. On the median plane, the results are compared to a 2 D DOT transport calculation. Preliminary results are given which improve the vessel and specimens neutronic characterisation. (Auth.)

  6. Cooperative Localization for Mobile Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cakmak, Burak; Urup, Daniel Nygaard; Meyer, Florian

    2016-01-01

    We propose a hybrid message passing method for distributed cooperative localization and tracking of mobile agents. Belief propagation and mean field message passing are employed for, respectively, the motion-related and measurementrelated part of the factor graph. Using a Gaussian belief approxim......We propose a hybrid message passing method for distributed cooperative localization and tracking of mobile agents. Belief propagation and mean field message passing are employed for, respectively, the motion-related and measurementrelated part of the factor graph. Using a Gaussian belief...

  7. Cooperative and cognitive satellite systems

    CERN Document Server

    Chatzinotas, Symeon; De Gaudenzi, Riccardo

    2015-01-01

    Cooperative and Cognitive Satellite Systems provides a solid overview of the current research in the field of cooperative and cognitive satellite systems, helping users understand how to incorporate state-of-the-art communication techniques in innovative satellite network architectures to enable the next generation of satellite systems. The book is edited and written by top researchers and practitioners in the field, providing a comprehensive explanation of current research that allows users to discover future technologies and their applications, integrate satellite and terrestrial systems

  8. International cooperation workshop. Regional workshop for CTBTO international cooperation: Africa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-08-01

    Pursuant to the 1999 programme of work, and following the International Cooperation Workshop held in Vienna, Austria, in 1998, the Provisional Technical Secretariat (PTS) of the Preparatory Commission for the CTBTO (Prep Com) held a regional Workshop for CTBTO International Cooperation in Cairo. The purpose of the workshop was to identify how and by what means the Africa region can promote international cooperation in CTBT verification related technologies, and how the region can benefit from and contribute to Prep Com activity. PTS staff briefed the 40 participants from 22 African States who attended the Workshop on general aspects, including costs, of the establishment and operation of the CTBT verification system, including its four monitoring technologies. Participants were informed on opportunities for local institutions in the establishment of monitoring stations and on possible support for national and regional data centres. National experts presented their research and development activities and reviewed existing experiences on bi/multi-lateral cooperation. The main points of the discussion focused on the need to engage governments to advance signature/ratification, and further training opportunities for African states

  9. Let's Cooperate! Integrating Cooperative Learning Into a Lesson on Ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reineke, Patricia R

    2017-04-01

    Cooperative learning is an effective teaching strategy that promotes active participation in learning and can be used in academic, clinical practice, and professional development settings. This article describes that strategy and provides an example of its use in a lesson about ethics. J Contin Nurs Educ. 2017;48(4):154-156. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  10. The sound of cooperation: Musical influences on cooperative behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kniffin, Kevin M; Yan, Jubo; Wansink, Brian; Schulze, William D

    2017-03-01

    Music as an environmental aspect of professional workplaces has been closely studied with respect to consumer behavior while sparse attention has been given to its relevance for employee behavior. In this article, we focus on the influence of music upon cooperative behavior within decision-making groups. Based on results from two extended 20-round public goods experiments, we find that happy music significantly and positively influences cooperative behavior. We also find a significant positive association between mood and cooperative behavior. Consequently, while our studies provide partial support for the relevance of affect in relation to cooperation within groups, we also show an independently important function of happy music that fits with a theory of synchronous and rhythmic activity as a social lubricant. More generally, our findings indicate that music and perhaps other atmospheric variables that are designed to prime consumer behavior might have comparably important effects for employees and consequently warrant closer investigation. Copyright © 2016 The Authors Journal of Organizational Behavior Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Accelerating cooperative systems' development through the Grand Cooperative Driving challenge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vonk Noordegraaf, D.; Malone, K.M.; Katwijk, R. van; Gerrits, A.

    2009-01-01

    Cooperative driving systems comprise an important research area. They are considered a promising solution for reducing traffic congestion, reducing environmental impact and improving traffic safety and driver comfort. The key to these systems is the communication and interaction between vehicles and

  12. ANALISIS TINGKAT KEPUASAN DAN HARAPAN PASEN TERHADAP PELAYANAN PUSKESMAS DAN RUMAH SAKIT DAERAH PROVINSI DIY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunarto Sunarto

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Kepuasan merupakan perasaan seseorang mengenai kesenangan atau kekecewaan sebagai hasil membandingkan antara kinerja dan harapan. Jumlah kunjungan Puskesmas tahun 2007 sebesar 3.094.027 pasien yang terdiri dari 3.076442 rawat jalan dan 17.585 rawat inap. Penelitian untuk mengentahui gambaran tingkat kepuasan dan untuk mengetahui perbedaan tingkat kepuasan dan harapan pasien yang mendapatkan pelayanan Puskemas dan rumah sakit menurut wilayah Kabupatet / Kota di Propinsi DIY Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif analitik dengan menggunakan rancangan cros sectional. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah kuisioner dengan 35 item pernyataan yang diambil dari atribut-atribut SERVQUAL dalam 5 dimensi. Total sampel untuk lima Kabupaten Kota sebanyak 1000, masing-masing Kabupaten Kota 200. Penelitian ini dilakukan terhadap pasien yang menerima pelayanan kesehatan di Puskesmas dan Rumah Sakit Daerah di Kabupaten-Kota Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Penilaian tingkat kepuasan pasien ketika mereka berobat ke Puskesmas dan Rumah Sakit di Propinsi DIY, dengan menggunakan skala O sampai 4. Hasilnya adalah dimensi tangibles, rata-rata kepuasan pasien (2,96 cukup dan harapan pasien (3,38 pada dimensi reliability, rata-rata kepuasan pasien (3,01 bagus dan harapan pasien (3,40. Pada dimensi responsiveness, rata-rata kepuasan pa-sien (3,07 bagus dan harapan pasien (3,42. Dimensi assurance, rata-rata kepuasan pasien (3, 1 0 bagus dan harapan pasien (3 ,42. pada dimensi emphaty, rata-rata kepuasan pasien (3,02 bagus dan harapan pasien (3,35. Hasil uji statistik didapatkan nilai p > 0.05, berarti pada alpha 5%, dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan tingkat kepuasan diantara kelima wilayah kabupaten/kota di DIY. Penilaian tingkat kepuasan pasien, ketika mereka berkunjung ke Puskesmas dan Rumah Sakit di DIY secara rata-rata bagus dan tidak ada perbedaan tingkat kepuasan menurut wilayah Kabupaten-Kota di Propinsi DIY. Kata Kunci : Kepuasan, harapan

  13. Produksi Panel Dinding Bangunan Tahan Gempa dan Ramah Lingkungan dari Limbah Bahan Berbahaya dan Beracun Industri Minyak dan Gas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luqman Hakim

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan hasil uji karakteristik fisik terhadap panel dinding dari komposit limbah industry migas berupa activated alumina, sandblasting dan glasswall yang telah dilakukan pada tahun pertama diketahui bahwa kuat lentur tertinggi diperoleh dari sampel B4 yaitu sebesar 67,8 Kg/Cm2 dengan standar DIN 1101 17 Kg/cm2, kuat desak sampel B 2 68,31 N/mm2 dengan standar bata merah 25 N/mm2 dan batako 20 N/mm2 dan tingkat keausan terendah diperoleh dari sampel 37 streap. Dari hasil tersebut diketahui bahwa uji telah memiliki kemampuan lebih tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan standar yang berlaku. Maka pada penelitian lanjutan yang akan dilakukan bertujuan untuk mempelajari apakah produk panel dinding ini ramah lingkungan sehingga aman bagi kesehatan manusia dan lingkungan sekitarnya.Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode uji toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP dan LC50 terhadap produk panel dinding terbaik. Uji TCLP yang akan dilakukan yaitu dengan cara mendestruksi dan ekstraksi produk panel dinding dengan menggunakan rotating agitator selama 24 jam kemudian diuji dengan menggunakan AAS untuk mengetahui konsentrasi logam berat yang terdapat dalam produl panel dinding. Adapun untuk uji LC50 dilakukan dengan menggunakan hewan uji larva udang atau tikus.Berdasarkan hasil uji TCLP dan LC50 diketahui bahwa: a Kadar kandungan logam berat yang terdapat di dalam wall panel setelah dilakukan uji TCLP ternyata berada dibawah baku mutu seperti yang telah ditetapkan dalam PP No.85 Tahun 1999. Jadi ini artinya produk wall panel dalam penelitian ini ramah lingkungan, b pengujian terhadap bahan baku wall panel, Limbah Activated Alumina, Sandblasting dan Glasswoll sebelum di solidifikasi dapat mematikan sebesar 50% hewan uji pada konsentrasi 116.667 ppm dalam waktu 96 jam, dan c hasil uji LC50 terhadap produk wall panel selama 96 jam tidak menunjukkan adanya kematian hewan uji. Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa produk wall panel dari

  14. Cooperation in wireless networks principles and applications : real egoistic behavior is to cooperate!

    CERN Document Server

    Fitzek, Frank HP

    2006-01-01

    Covers the underlying principles of cooperative techniques as well as several applications demonstrating the use of such techniques in practical systems. This book also summarizes the strength of cooperation for wireless communication systems, motivating the use of cooperative techniques.

  15. ETIKA, ORGANISASI DAN KEPATUHAN WAJIB PAJAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indrawati Yuhertiana

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Etika, Organisasi, dan Kepatuhan Wajib Pajak. Penelitian ini menguji peran etika dalam memoderasi beberapa faktor organisasional terhadap kepatuhan wajib pajak. Penelitian kuantitif ini menggunakan sampel penelitian sejumlah 138 wajib pajak di enam kota wilayah Jawa Timur yaitu Surabaya, Sidoarjo, Mojokerto, Kediri, Bangkalan dan Madiun. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa pemahaman etika perpajakan tidak terbukti memoderasi variabel komitmen organisasi, budaya organisasi, dan Good Corporate Governance terhadap kepatuhan wajib pajak. Sementara itu, budaya organisasi dan Good Corporate Governance terbukti memengaruhi pemahaman etika perpajakan. Abstract: Ethics, Organization, dan Taxpayer Complience. This study aimed to explain the ethical understanding of the taxpayer in moderating the organizational commitment, organizational culture dan good corporate governance on tax compliance. This quantitative research used 138 tax payers registered in East Java tax offies located in six selected cities i.e. Surabaya, Sidoarjo, Mojokerto, Kediri, Bangkalan dan Madiun. It was concluded that the ethical understanding of taxation has not been proven to moderate variable organizational commitment, organizational culture, and good corporate governance on tax compliance. Meanwhile, organizational culture dan the implementation of Good Corporate Governance proved to affect the taxpayer ethics.

  16. Dhenggung Asmarandana dan Dhegung Banten: Sebuah Komparasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teguh -

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The Comparation of Dhenggung Asmarandana and Dhegung Banten. Penelitian ini membahas perbandinganantara gending Dhenggung Asmaradana gaya Surakarta dengan gending Dhegung Banten gaya Yogyakarta.Berdasarkan penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa kedua gending memiliki persamaan dan perbedaan. Persamaankeduanya terletak pada laras, pathet, bentuk gendhing, struktur gendhing, serta balungan gending. Sedangkanperbedaannya hanya pada nama dan garap tabuhan bonang.

  17. JENIS PINJAL DAN INANG DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adil Ustiawan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Pinjal (ordo Siphonaptera serangga sangatpenting dalam bidang kesehatan karenakemampuannya menularkan berbagai jenispenyakit. Beberapa hasil penelitian tentang pinjalini menggambarkan keaneragaman pinjal diIndonesia dan tidak menutup kemungkinan spesiesyang akan ditemukan bertambah karena masihluasnya daerah dan sedikitnya tenaga yangmendalami bidang ini. Beberapa spesies pinjal daninang yang terdapat di Indonesia

  18. L'astronomie dans le monde

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manfroid, J.

    2017-05-01

    matière sombre – Abell 2744 vu par ALMA – Bousculade dans Orion – Rotation stellaire – Tsunamis martiens – Planète X ou 9 – Formation d’étoiles dans les jets de trous noirs – Éjection d’un trou noir

  19. Zoonosis dan Upaya Pencegahannya (Kasus Sumatera Utara)

    OpenAIRE

    Khairiyah

    2011-01-01

    Dalam beberapa tahun terakhir muncul penyakit zoonosis yang menyebabkan kematian pada manusia. Penyakitini menular secara alamiah dari hewan ke manusia. Untuk mengantisipasi merebaknya wabah zoonosis diperlukanpemahaman secara menyeluruh mengenai penyakit atau infeksi tersebut. Tulisan ini menyajikan gambaran umumzoonosis di Sumatera Utara dan upaya pencegahannya. Berdasarkan agens penyebabnya, zoonosis digolongkanmenjadi zoonosis yang disebabkan oleh bakteri, virus, parasit, dan yang disebab...

  20. Penerapan Sistem Remunerasi dan Kinerja Pelayanan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Wisesa Soetisna

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Remunerasi dapat memengaruhi motivasi pegawai sekaligus meningkatkan kinerjanya. Demikian halnya di rumah sakit sebagai institusi pelayanan kesehatan yang padat modal, sumber daya manusia serta padat ilmu dan teknologi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis persepsi pegawai terhadap implementasi sistem remunerasi dan kinerja unit pelayanan bedah jantung dewasa (UPBJD di rumah sakit. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan mixed methods (kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Desain penelitian kuantitatif adalah potong lintang menggunakan instrumen kuesioner self-assessment. Sedangkan desain penelitian kualitatif adalah deskriptif, dilakukan melalui focus group discussion dan telaah dokumen pada data berupa buku jadwal, buku registrasi, catatan keperawatan, dan rekam medis. Pengambilan data dilakukan pada tahun 2013 di salah satu rumah sakit di Jakarta. Responden/informan adalah staf medis fungsional, perawat, dan petugas administrasi berjumlah 29 orang. Data dianalisis secara univariat (metode kuantitatif, dan content analysis (metode kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar staf medis fungsional dan perawat tidak puas (71,2% dengan beberapa hal dalam penerapan sistem remunerasi, seperti pada sistem penggajian dan penentuan grading. Terlihat kinerja unit pelayanan bedah jantung dewasa mengalami kenaikan setiap tahun sebelum dan setelah penerapan sistem remunerasi. Diharapkan agar rumah sakit ini dapat memperbaiki sistem remunerasi yang sesuai ketentuan kebijakan dan menyusun formulasi insentif dan bonus yang lebih sesuai dengan kondisi saat ini serta perlu dilakukan sosialisasi yang tepat dan evaluasi secara berkala. Implementation of Remuneration System and Service Performance Remuneration can influence worker`s motivation, and improve their performance. Likewise in hospital as capital-intensive, human resources-intensive as well as knowledge and technology-intensive health care institution. This study aimed to analyze employee

  1. Regulasi dan Eksistensi Koperasi Syariah di Bandung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neni Sri Imaniyati

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Syariah cooperation marked as a trend among people nowadays. Unfortunately, regulation for syariah cooperation still referred to UU No. 25/1992 which excluded syariah cooperation. This research tried to answer some  questions:  (1  How is  the adjustment  between cooperation principles and syariah economy cooperation? (2 What is the foundation of law being employed in the operationalization of syariah cooperation  in Bandung?  (3 How is the existence of syariah cooperation in Bandung nowadays? Research results have revealed the ethic and philosophy of cooperative movement  has many adjustments with Islamic teachings concerning the importance of cooperation and helping each other (ta’awun, brotherhood (ukhuwah, and democracy (musyawarah. Basic of law for syariah cooperation is actually referring on Pancasila as ideal foundation, Constitution of UUD ’45 as structural foundation, and Letters of  Minister of Cooperative and Small Medium Business as operational foundation. Majority of syariah  cooperation in  Bandung  has not yet acquired a legal entity for cooperative, due to fact that their statutes also has not yet legalized by the Minister of Cooperative and Small Medium Business.

  2. STRATEGI PENGOPTIMALAN PENCAPAIAN PROGRAM UPAYA PENINGKATAN PENDAPATAN KELUARGA SEJAHTERA PADA DIREKTORAT PEMBERDAYAAN EKONOMI KELUARGA BADAN KEPENDUDUKAN DAN KELUARGA BERENCANA NASIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bunga Chintia Utami

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Poverty in underdeveloped countries are characterized by rapid population growth. In Indonesia, the government's role in population to be submitted to the National Population and Family Planning (BKKBN. One of the programs is to Increase Revenue BKKBN Family’s Welfare (UPPKS. From 2010 to 2013 a decrease in the number of groups UPPKS. Based on the problems identified factors researchers focused on strength (strength, weakness (weakness, chance (opportunity and threats (threat in order to optimize the achievement of program outcomes UPPKS the Directorate. The purpose of the study was to look at factors weaknesses, strengths, threats and opportunities and choosing the right strategy to optimize the achievement of program UPPKS. The method used is the SWOT and AHP. The results showed the best strategy is derived from the power factor and the opportunities (SO: (1 take advantage of the availability of technical guidance for the development of work by local partners; (2 maximizing the data base to cooperate with other agencies that have programs that are compilance empowerment; (3 utilizing the integrated use of the website to attract cooperation as a form of technological development and utilization of information. Utilizes the integrated use of the website to attract cooperation is priority. Keywords: Keluarga Sejahtera(UPPKS, SWOT, AHP, BKKBN ABSTRAK Kemiskinan di negara terbelakang dicirikan dengan pertumbuhan penduduk yang cepat. Di Indonesia, peran pemerintah dalam bidang kependudukan diserahkan pada Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional (BKKBN. Salah satu program BKKBN adalah Upaya Peningkatan Pendapatan Keluarga Sejahtera (UPPKS. Sejak tahun 2010 hingga 2013 terjadi penurunan jumlah kelompok UPPKS. Berdasarkan permasalahan tersebut peneliti memfokuskan pada identifikasikan faktor kekuatan (strength, kelemahan (weakness, kesempatan (opportunity maupun ancaman (threat agar dapat mengoptimalkan hasil pencapaian

  3. Aspek Organologis dan Musikologis Suling Kebyar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Ketut Yasa

    2018-04-01

    ABSTRAK Suling kebyar adalah suling yang digunakan dalam perangkat gong kebyar.  Gong Kebyar dapat diartikan sebagai suatu barungan/perangkat gamelan yang menabuhnya menggunakan sistem “kekebyaran”, yaitu menabuh dengan mengutamakan kekompakan suara, melodi,dan tempo penuh variasi. Suling Kebyar dikaji dari aspek organologis dan musikologis.Hasil penelitian organologis menunjukkan bahwa lokasi bahan sudah mulai langka, proses pengeringan membutuhkan waktu relatif lama, sedangkan alat dan kronologis pembuatan bersifat sederhana. Sedangkan hasil kajian  musikologis menunjukkan bahwa gending yang menggunakan suling kebanyakan bermotif,  bukan jalinan, yang berkarakter halus.  Musikalitas yang dihasilkan berkesan fals (blero, karena nada-nada dari instrumen bilah (gangsa, jublag, danjegoganmemiliki suara dua versi yakni:pengumbang dan pengisep.  Kata Kunci: suling kebyar, organologis, dan musikologis

  4. Analisis Ekosistem TIK Indonesia Untuk Mendorong Perkembangan Industri Local dan Ekonomi Kreatif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vidyantina Heppy Anandhita

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak             Sektor TIK merupakan pendorong utama pertumbuhan ekonomi sehingga kondisi ekosistem TIK menjadi faktor penting dalam pembangunan. Model New ICT Ecosystem dirumuskan Profesor Martin Fransman  membagi ekosistem TIK menjadi 4 layer yaitu elemen jaringan (layer1, jaringan (layer2, platform, konten dan aplikasi (layer3 dan konsumen final (layer 4. Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peluang dan tantangan bagi pelaku industri ekosistem TIK Indonesia serta rekomendasi strategi pemerintah untuk mendukung pertumbuhan industri TIK local dan ekonomi kreatif. Studi ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, pengumpulan data melalui FGD dan dept interview dengan narasumber pakar TIK, MIKTI, Kementerian Kominfo, Kementerian Perindustrian dan Detiknas. Dari hasil studi, peluang terbesar Indonesia untuk bersaing dalam industri TIK berada dalam layer 3 yaitu industri konten dan aplikasi. Sedangkan melalui analisis SWOT disimpulkan bahwa untuk mendorong pertumbuhan industri local dan ekonomi kreatif diperlukan strategi antara lain kerjasama sektor pemerintah dan swasta untuk membangun inkubasi TIK dan technopark, kebijakan pemerintah memberikan insentif, proteksi maupun promosi kepada industri TIK domestik. Strategi yang dapat dilakukan Pemerintah untuk mengurangi ketergantungan komponen LN dari industri elektronika dan telekomunikasi dengan pelaksanaan rencana aksi peraturan TKDN industri TIK dan fasilitasi akses finansial/pembiayaan bagi industri. Strategi lainnya adalah peningkatan kualitas tenaga kerja TIK dengan fasilitasi sertifikasi kompetensi (SKKNI bidang kominfo.   Abstract The ICT sector is an important driver of economic growth. “New ICT Ecosystem” model was formulated by Professor Martin Fransman divides ICT Ecosystem in  4 layers, networked element (layer1,: networks (layer2, platform, content and application (layer3, and final consumer.  The purpose of  the study  was to understand the opportunities and

  5. KOMPARATIF PEMBELAJARAN MENGGUNAKAN PROGRAM ADOBE FLASH MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF DAN KOMPUTER TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Khairudin

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Keterampilan mengetik sepuluh jari buta yang dimiliki oleh siswa kelas X jurusan Administrasi Perkantoran di SMK Negeri 2 Pekalongan masih rendah. Salah satu cara untuk mengingkatkan hasil belajar siswa dalam� pembelajaran ketrampilan komputer dan pengelolaan informasi (KKPI pada standar kompetensi mengetik sepuluh� jari� yaitu dengan� media pembelajaran Adobe Flash menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif dan model pembelajaran berbasis komputer. Subyek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X AP1 dan X AP2 SMK Negeri 2 Pekalongan Tahun Ajaran 2011/2012. Prosedur penelitian ini merupakan siklus kegiatan yang terdiri dari dua siklus, dimana setiap siklus meliputi perencanaan, tindakan, pengamatan dan refleksi.Instrumen pengumpulan data ini adalah observasi dan tes. Hasil penelitian diperoleh siklus I bahwa� hasil� belajar� siswa� pada pembelajaran mengetik� menggunakan media pembelajaran Adobe Flash mengalami peningkatan nilai dari rata-rata 103 cpm pada siklus 1 menjadi 113 cpm dan 112 cpm pada siklus 2 walaupun masih tergolong baik. Perolehan nilai� ini masuk dalam kategori� mampu menguasai praktik mengetik yang artinya bahwa kecepatan mengetik menggunakan media pembelajaran adobe flash dengan model pembelajaran kooperatif dengan model pembelajaran berbasis komputer dapat meningkatakan hasil belajar siswa. � Abstract ___________________________________________________________________ Skill typing using 10 fingers blind possessed by a student x of administrative offices in public smk 2 pekalongan still low. One way to mengingkatkan study result of the students in learning a craft a computer and information management ( kkpi competency standard on typing using 10 fingers namely by media of learning adobe flash use the model of learning cooperative and a model of learning dna-based computer. The subject of the research is student X and X class AP1 AP2 SMK Negeri 2 Pekalongan school year 2011/2012. This research procedure is a

  6. KOMPARATIF PEMBELAJARAN MENGGUNAKAN PROGRAM ADOBE FLASH MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF DAN KOMPUTER TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Khairudin

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Keterampilan mengetik sepuluh jari buta yang dimiliki oleh siswa kelas X jurusan Administrasi Perkantoran di SMK Negeri 2 Pekalongan masih rendah. Salah satu cara untuk mengingkatkan hasil belajar siswa dalam� pembelajaran ketrampilan komputer dan pengelolaan informasi (KKPI pada standar kompetensi mengetik sepuluh� jari� yaitu dengan� media pembelajaran Adobe Flash menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif dan model pembelajaran berbasis komputer. Subyek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X AP1 dan X AP2 SMK Negeri 2 Pekalongan Tahun Ajaran 2011/2012. Prosedur penelitian ini merupakan siklus kegiatan yang terdiri dari dua siklus, dimana setiap siklus meliputi perencanaan, tindakan, pengamatan dan refleksi.Instrumen pengumpulan data ini adalah observasi dan tes. Hasil penelitian diperoleh siklus I bahwa� hasil� belajar� siswa� pada pembelajaran mengetik� menggunakan media pembelajaran Adobe Flash mengalami peningkatan nilai dari rata-rata 103 cpm pada siklus 1 menjadi 113 cpm dan 112 cpm pada siklus 2 walaupun masih tergolong baik. Perolehan nilai� ini masuk dalam kategori� mampu menguasai praktik mengetik yang artinya bahwa kecepatan mengetik menggunakan media pembelajaran adobe flash dengan model pembelajaran kooperatif dengan model pembelajaran berbasis komputer dapat meningkatakan hasil belajar siswa. Skill typing using 10 fingers blind possessed by a student x of administrative offices in public smk 2 pekalongan still low. One way to mengingkatkan study result of the students in learning a craft a computer and information management ( kkpi competency standard on typing using 10 fingers namely by media of learning adobe flash use the model of learning cooperative and a model of learning dna-based computer. The subject of the research is student X and X class AP1 AP2 SMK Negeri 2 Pekalongan school year 2011/2012. This research procedure is a cycle of activity that consists of two cycles, where each cycle consists of

  7. KARAKTERISASI SIMPLISIA DAN EKSTRAK DAUN STROBILANTHUS CRISPUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ani Isnawati

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Khasiat obat tradisional disebabkan oleh adanya senyawa kimia yang  dikandungnya. Bahan baku obat dari hasil pertanian atau kumpulan tumbuhan liar tentunya kandungan kimianya tidak dapat dijamin selalu konstan (ajeg karena adanya variabel bibit, tempat tumbuh, iklim, kondisi (umur dan cara panen. Kandungan senyawa kimia yang bertanggung jawab terhadap respon biologis harus mempunyai spesifikasi kimia, yaitu informasi  komposisi (jenis dan kadar. 0leh karena itu penetapan karakterisasi suatu simplisia dan ekstrak perlu dilakukan guna menjamin bahwa bahan suatu produk obat tradisional dapat diketahui mutunya. Karakterisasi dilakukan terhadap Tanaman Strobilanthus crispus (BL, yaitu simplisia bagian daun dan ekstrak 50% tanaman tersebut. Karakterisasi simplisa meliputi : penetapan kadar abu, kadar abu larut air, kadar abu tidak larut asam, kadar sari larut air, kadar sari larut asam, dan kadar air secar·a destilasi. Cara penetapan diatas dilakukan sesuai prosedur yang Ielah ditetapkan MMI, 1979. Sedangkan karakterisasi ekstrak mencakup : karakterisasi non spesifik yang meliputi penetapan bobot  jenis, kadar air, kadar sisa pelarut, kadar abu dan karakterisasi spesifik yang mencakup  pemeriksaan·senyawa yang terlarut dalam pelarut air dan etanol, pola kromatografi dengan cara KLT-densitometri, pemeriksaan golongan kimia ekstrak dan penetapan kadar zat kimia. Hasil penetapan karakterisasi simplisia menunjukkan spesifikasi tidak sesuai dengan yang dipersyaratkan MMI, hanya penetapan sari larut etanol yang memenuhi persyaratan. Penetapan karakterisasi ekstrak etanol 50% menunjukkan tidak terdapat etanol dalam ekstrak, kadar air 13,3 %; bobot jenis 1,262%, senyawa terlarut dalam pelarut air 95,06%, senyawa terlarut dalam pelarut etanol 18,69 % dan kadar flavonoid  17,59 % serta  profil  kromatogram komponen utama fraksi heksan, Khloroform dan etanol.

  8. Cooperation: New Players in Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Hugon

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available In the context of globalisation and the current global financial crisis, new players are emerging in cooperation in Africa. These partners loosen financial constraints and conditionalities, increase the room for manoeuvre and stimulate commodity markets. On the other hand, they also increase the risks of renewed indebtedness and potentially weaken the coordination of aid policies. Do these partnerships call the new cooperation practices of OECD countries into question? Do they justify the return to a realpolitik or are they repeating the earlier mistakes of industrial powers? Can these mistakes be corrected? The question also arises as to whether the global crisis, which has a profound effect on Africa, will lead to a withdrawal or to a passing of the baton on to new, emerging powers. This article highlights the new geopolitical issues concerning Africa in a multipolar world, then discusses the new players involved in cooperation in Africa, before going on to explore the horizons that are opening up for cooperation in Africa, in particular with regard to the global crisis.

  9. Fifty years of Technical Cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was established in Vienna in 1957. The Statute of the IAEA, approved by 81 nations, founded the organization on three pillars: nuclear verification; safety and security; and the transfer of technology. Today, these three pillars still remain at the heart of the organization's work. However, the way in which the IAEA carries out this work, particularly with regard to technology transfer, has changed greatly over the years. When the IAEA opened for business, nuclear science and technology were in their infancy. Many Member States had no nuclear capacity at all. The IAEA's 'technical assistance' programme, as it was then known, was modest. Early projects were small in scale and short lived, focusing mainly on building human capacities and creating institutions and facilities that would support the introduction of nuclear technology in a safe and effective manner. Today, the picture is more complex. Instead of merely offering assistance, the IAEA focuses on cooperation for sustainable socioeconomic development, building on the skills and infrastructure that Member States have acquired over the past five decades. Member States are full partners in the process, guiding the IAEA's technical cooperation activities, setting national and regional priorities, and offering training opportunities and technical support to the IAEA and to other Member States. Technical cooperation between developing countries is facilitated and supported through regional cooperative agreements. Regional centres of expertise play an important role in sharing the benefits of nuclear science and technology among Member States

  10. Prenatal temperature shocks reduce cooperation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duchoslav, Jan

    2017-01-01

    Climate change has not only led to a sustained rise in mean global temperature over the past decades, but also increased the frequency of extreme weather events. This paper explores the effect of temperature shocks in utero on later-life taste for cooperation. Using historical climate data combined

  11. Communicating Cooperative Robots with Bluetooth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schiøler, Henrik; Son, L.T.; Madsen, Ole Brun

    2001-01-01

    A generic architecture for system of cooperating communicating mobile robots is presented. An overall structure is defined from a modularity viewpoint, where a number of generic modules are identified; low level communication interface, network layer services such as initial and adaptive network...

  12. Statistical physics of human cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perc, Matjaž; Jordan, Jillian J.; Rand, David G.; Wang, Zhen; Boccaletti, Stefano; Szolnoki, Attila

    2017-05-01

    Extensive cooperation among unrelated individuals is unique to humans, who often sacrifice personal benefits for the common good and work together to achieve what they are unable to execute alone. The evolutionary success of our species is indeed due, to a large degree, to our unparalleled other-regarding abilities. Yet, a comprehensive understanding of human cooperation remains a formidable challenge. Recent research in the social sciences indicates that it is important to focus on the collective behavior that emerges as the result of the interactions among individuals, groups, and even societies. Non-equilibrium statistical physics, in particular Monte Carlo methods and the theory of collective behavior of interacting particles near phase transition points, has proven to be very valuable for understanding counterintuitive evolutionary outcomes. By treating models of human cooperation as classical spin models, a physicist can draw on familiar settings from statistical physics. However, unlike pairwise interactions among particles that typically govern solid-state physics systems, interactions among humans often involve group interactions, and they also involve a larger number of possible states even for the most simplified description of reality. The complexity of solutions therefore often surpasses that observed in physical systems. Here we review experimental and theoretical research that advances our understanding of human cooperation, focusing on spatial pattern formation, on the spatiotemporal dynamics of observed solutions, and on self-organization that may either promote or hinder socially favorable states.

  13. The Arab Gulf Cooperation Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-01

    AD-A202 042,,, ’q AIR WAR CoLLEGE * RESEARCH REPORT THE ARAB GULF COOPEwATION COUNCIL COLONEL MOHAMMAD) F. ALBISUI ROYAL SAUDI AIR FORCE 1988...THE ARAB GULF COOPERATION COUNCIL by Mohammad F. Albishi Colonel, Royal Saudi Air Force A RESEARCH REPORT SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY in FULFILLMENT OF THE...4 Qatar........................................ 5 Saudi Arabia................................. 6 United Arab Emirates

  14. International Business : cooperation within networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Anne van Delft

    2011-01-01

    Internationalisation is the expansion of a firms operations to foreign markets and includes not only import and export but also foreign direct investments and international cooperation. Today’s globalising economy has resulted in a growing number of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) undertaking

  15. The Rhetorical Arts of Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahnestock, Jeanne

    2013-01-01

    Human social evolution depends in part on using language persuasively to secure cooperation. Rhetoric emerged in the West over two thousand years ago as a deliberate cultural construction. Though often misunderstood today, rhetoric is fundamental in general education programs that teach students how knowledge is forged in agreement and applied.…

  16. Managing Diversity within Cooperative Extension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ewert, D. Merrill; Rice, Jennifer A. King

    1994-01-01

    Six focus groups analyzed findings of a literature review on cultural diversity's effects on productivity and effectiveness. Action steps for Cooperative Extension were outlined: implementing affirmative action, valuing diversity, managing diversity, creating new management structures, and establishing a more supportive environment. (SK)

  17. Market competition and efficient cooperation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brandts, J.; Riedl, A.M.

    2016-01-01

    We use laboratory experiments to study the causal effects of favorable and unfavorable competitive market experience on cooperation in a subsequent social dilemma game. The issues we study are part of the broader topic of whether there are behavioral spillovers between different spheres of social

  18. Competitive Cooperation: The Iceberg Profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughan, Jerry L.

    Competitive athletes' scores on the Profile of Mood States (POMS) test create an iceberg-like pattern known as the "Iceberg Profile." Their scores for tension, depression, anger, fatigue, and confusion are low while their scores on vigor juts upward creating the "Iceberg Profile." Persons in a cooperative relationship are often…

  19. Cooperative learning and teacher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veenman, S.A.M.; Benthum, N.M.M. van; Bootsma, T.G.; Dieren, J. van; Kemp, N. van der

    2002-01-01

    In this study, the implementation effects of a course on cooperative learning for student teachers are described. The course was conducted at two different teacher education colleges in The Netherlands. Based on pre- and post-course observations, a significant treatment effect was found for four of

  20. Risk Analysis for Agricultural Cooperatives

    OpenAIRE

    Kenkel, Philip L.; Parrish, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Grain/fertilizer volumes are major risks for grain/supply cooperatives followed by fertilizer and fuel margins. Operating losses force stock write downs (22% probability) and negative cashflow (15% probability). Decisions on cash and stock patronage, infrastructure investment, and equity retirement improve member returns but increase stock write downs and negative cashflow probability

  1. The Cooperative Satellite Learning Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caler, Michelle

    This document describes the Cooperative Satellite Learning Project (CSLP) which is designed to educate students in the areas of space science, engineering, and technology in a business-like atmosphere. The project is a partnership between the National Aeronautics and Space Association (NASA), Allied Signal Technical Services Corporation, and…

  2. Job scheduling, cooperation and control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Calleja, P.; Estevez Fernandez, M.A.; Borm, P.; Hamers, H.

    2006-01-01

    This paper studies one machine job scheduling situations where clients can have more than one job to be processed and where a job can be of interest for different players. Corresponding cooperative games are introduced and a result on balancedness is provided. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights

  3. Competition, cooperation, and collective choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markussen, Thomas; Reuben Paris, Ernesto Guillermo; Tyran, Jean-Robert Karl

    The ability of groups to implement efficiency-enhancing institutions is emerging as a central theme of research in economics. This paper explores voting on a scheme of intergroup competition which facilitates cooperation in a social dilemma situation. Experimental results show that the competitiv...

  4. Competition, cooperation, and collective choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markussen, Thomas; Reuben Paris, Ernesto Guillermo; Tyran, Jean-Robert Karl

    2014-01-01

    The ability of groups to implement efficiency-enhancing institutions is emerging as a central theme of research in economics. This paper explores voting on a scheme of intergroup competition, which facilitates cooperation in a social dilemma situation. Experimental results show that the competiti...

  5. Marketing Cooperatives and Financial Structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G.W.J. Hendrikse (George); C.P. Veerman (Cees)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractThe relationship between the financial structure of a marketing cooperative (MC) and the requirement of the domination of control by the members is analysed from a transaction costs perspective. A MC receives less favorable terms on outside equity than a conventional firm because the

  6. Cooperative effects in spherical spasers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bordo, Vladimir

    2017-01-01

    A fully analytical semiclassical theory of cooperative optical processes which occur in an ensemble of molecules embedded in a spherical core-shell nanoparticle is developed from first principles. Both the plasmonic Dicke effect and spaser generation are investigated for the designs in which...

  7. Participatory Evaluation in Development Cooperation

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Knowledge Shared : Participatory Evaluation in Development Cooperation ... du développement, évaluation, études environnementales, travail social, développement communautaire, développement rural, santé publique internationale, sans oublier les autres disciplines reliées au développement durable et équitable.

  8. Competition, cooperation, and corporate culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kosfeld, M.; von Siemens, F.A.

    2011-01-01

    Cooperation between workers can be of substantial value to a firm, yet its level often varies substantially between firms. We show that these differences can unfold in a competitive labor market if workers have heterogeneous social preferences and preferences are private information. In our model,

  9. PERILAKU KONSUMSI SUSU CAIR MASYARAKAT DI DAERAH PERKOTAAN DAN PEDESAAN

    OpenAIRE

    Wahyu Dyah Prastiwi; Hery Setiyawan

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRAK Penelitian mengkaji hubungan antara faktor sosial ekonomi, preferensi, dan perbandingan perilaku konsumsi susu cair antara masyarakat perkotaan dan pedesaan. Responden penelitian adalah ibu rumah tangga atau anggota keluarga dewasa yang bertanggung jawab atas belanja pangan rumah tangga. Variabel-variabel sosial ekonomi seperti pendapatan, tingkat pendidikan, dan ukuran keluarga secara signifikan berkorelasi dengan perilaku konsumsi susu cair. Karakteristik produk dan atribut produ...

  10. Konjungtivitis Viral: Diagnosis dan Terapi di Pelayanan Kesehatan Primer

    OpenAIRE

    Ratna Sitompul

    2017-01-01

    Konjungtiva adalah membran mukosa tipis transparan yang melapisi bagian anterior bola mata dan bagian dalam palpebral. Konjungtiva berfungsi sebagai salah satu komponen sistem perlindungan mata dari peradangan dan infeksi. Peradangan konjungtiva disebut konjungtivitis dan infeksi virus merupakan etiologi peradangan akut tersering pada konjungtiva. Virus yang menyebabkan konjungtivitis adalah adenovirus, herpes simpleks, herpes zoster, pox virus, myxovirus, paramyxovirus, dan arbovirus. Konju...

  11. Perbaikan Cara Ekstraksi Untuk Meningkatkan Rendemen Dan Mutu Minyak Melati

    OpenAIRE

    Prabawati, Sulusi; A., Endang D; Setiabudi, Dondy Anggono

    2002-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan rendemen minyak yang tinggi melalui ekstraksi bertahap denganmeningkatkan perbandingan bunga dan pelarut. Penelitian dikerjakan pada melati gambir (Jasminum officinale),diekstraksi dengan pelarut heksan selama 12 jam. Pelarut diuapkan untuk mendapatkan concrete. Concrete yangdiperoleh dilarutkan dengan etanol dan diuapkan sampai didapatkan minyak melati. Perlakuan yang diterapkanadalah perbandingan bunga dan pelarut (1 : 1,5 dan 1 : 2), tahapan ekstr...

  12. Tuberculome de Bouchut dans la tuberculose multi focale: à propos ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HIV), radiologique et d'angiographie à la fluorescéine pour suspicion de ... intéressait trois localisations chez les quatre patients: pulmonaire dans quatre cas, ophtalmique dans quatre cas, digestive dans un cas, urinaire dans un cas, cérébrale ...

  13. Diare Persisten: Karakteristik Pasien, Klinis, Laboratorium, dan Penyakit Penyerta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deddy S Putra

    2016-11-01

    Kesimpulan. Diare persisten terutama mengenai balita dengan tingkat ekonomi keluarga dan pendidikan ibu rendah. Demam dan tinja berlendir merupakan manifestasi klinis yang paling sering dijumpai, sedangkan gizi buruk, alergi susu sapi, infeksi saluran kemih dan infeksi HIV merupakan penyakit yang paling sering menyertai diare persisten. Anemia dan hipoalbumineia merupakan kelainan laboratorium yang paling sering ditemukan.

  14. ANALISIS DAN MODEL STRATEGI PENINGKATAN DAYA SAING PRODUK EDAMAME BEKU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandryas Alief Kurniasanti

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Jember regency is a agricultural and plantation central area. The soybean plant is principal commodity that competes fiercely with production of corn. PT Mitratani Dua Tujuh (PT MT 27 try to find new technology by processing edamame to frozen edamame that focus in the export market. The primary market of frozen edamame besides domestic market is Japan. The aim of this research is to analyze competitiveness and formulated the priority of competitiveness alternative strategy on frozen edamame product in PT MT 27. The research method used is the analysis of competitiveness by using revealed comparative advantage to know the export performance of the product on the world market then analyze a factor of competition by using Diamond Porter's Theory. Alternative strategies are resulted from the SWOT analysis and priorities are determined by using analytical hierarchy process from the expert source. The research results about alternative strategy priority to increase the competitiveness of frozen edamame products in PT MT 27 are: (1 market diversification, (2 product diversification, (3 improve cooperation overseas, (4 develop a research and development division, (5 develop corporate social responsibility, (6 proper financial management, and (7 to develop an agricultural area greenhouse-based to avoid bad weather as tropical country. Managerial implications of this research are expanding existing markets, and develop type of product produced to satisfy the export market and also savings cost production. Keywords: competitiveness, frozen edamame, Mitratani Dua Tujuh, competitiveness strategiesABSTRAKKabupaten Jember merupakan sentra  daerah pertanian dan perkebunan. Tanaman kedelai merupakan komoditas utama yang bersaing ketat dengan produksi jagung. PT Mitratani Dua Tujuh (PT MT 27 mencoba untuk mencari terobosan baru yaitu dengan mengolah edamame menjadi edamame beku siap makan. Pasar utama edamame beku ini selain pasar domestik adalah Jepang. Tujuan

  15. First Day with Prancing Dan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James A. Emanuel

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available We called him Prancing Dan,my brother Raymond and me;beautiful this restless horse(his bright-copper sidestepping--ballet-like, prairie style,teenager like us, as horses go,Nebraska–born too,bred on whirlwind-dust and knobby hail,harnessed too young, like us(men by necessity.Now teamed with a veteran mare,bit in his teeth as pride commanded,he gritted his way through morning,the long blade of his mowing-machinelaying cut-down stems of wheat like carpet,re-coloring the yellowing fieldtill no...

  16. PENGARUH VARIETAS DAN SISTEM BUDIDAYA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN, PRODUKSI, DAN KANDUNGAN GIZI JAGUNG (ZEA MAYS L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yukarie Ayu Wulandari

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Jagung merupakan bahan pangan yang berpotensi untuk dikembangkan sebagai pangan lokal, pakan, dan bahan baku industri. Mengingat pentingnya jagung, maka perlu adanya upaya untuk peningkatan produktivitasnya. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh varietas dan sistem budidaya terhadap pertumbuhan, produksi, dan kandungan gizi jagung. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Petak Terbagi dengan petak utama varietas (Srikandi Putih-1 dan Srikandi Kuning-1 dan anak petak sistem budidaya (organik dan inorganik yang diulang lima kali. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa varietas Srikandi Putih-1 memberikan hasil tertinggi pada tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, luas daun, lingkar batang, pati, dan vitamin A. Varietas Srikandi Kuning-1 memberikan hasil tertinggi pada produksi, protein dan lemak. Sistem budidaya inorganik memberikan hasil tertinggi pada tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, panjang tongkol, bobot bersih tongkol, bobot pipilan kering, bobot 100 butir, konversihasil/ha, patidan protein. Interaksi varietas Srikandi Putih-1 dengan sistem budidaya organik memberikan hasil tertinggi terhadap jumlah daun, lingkar batang dan kandungan vitamin A. Varietas Srikandi Kuning-1 yang dibudidayakan secara inorganik memberikan hasil tertinggi terhadap bobot bersih tongkol, bobot pipilan kering, bobot 100 butir, konversi hasil ha-1 dan kandungan protein. Kandungan pati tertinggi pada varietas Srikandi Putih-1 yang dibudidayakan secara inorganik, sedangkan kandungan lemak tertinggi pada varietas Srikandi Kuning-1 yang dibudidayakan secara organik.

  17. Peran Mitra Strategis dan Agen Perubahan dalam Manajemen Talenta dan Kinerja Manajer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Ketut Kusumawijaya

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract  The purposes of the study are to analyze: (1 characteristic of strategic partner and change agent roles, talent management and managers performance, (2 influence of strategic partner and change agent roles to talent management and its impact to managers performance. Four hundred hotel managers in Bali were participated in this study by using proportional random sampling. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis and SEM. The result shows that: (1 strategic partner and change agent role, talent management and managers performance are in enough category, (2 positive and significant effect between strategic partner and change agent roles to talent management and its impact to managers performance. Keywords:Strategic Partner Role, Change Agent Role, Talent Management, Managers Performance.AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis: (1 karakteristik dari mitra strategis dan peran agen perubahan, manajemen bakat dan kinerja manajer, (2 pengaruh mitra strategis dan peran agen perubahan untuk manajemen bakat dan dampaknya terhadap kinerja manajer. Sebanyak empat ratus manajer hotel di Bali berpartisipasi dalam penelitian ini dengan menggunakan proporsional random sampling. Data dianalisis menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan SEM. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 mitra strategis dan peran agen perubahan, manajemen bakat dan kinerja manajer termasuk dalam kategori cukup, (2 pengaruh positif dan signifikan antara mitra strategis dan peran agen perubahan untuk manajemen bakat dan dampaknya terhadap kinerja manajer.Keywords: Peran Mitra Strategis, Peran Agen Perubahan, Manajemen Talenta, kinerja Manajer.

  18. TUGAS DAN WEWENANG PUSAT PELAPORAN DAN ANALISIS TRANSAKSI KEUANGAN (PPATK DALAM PEMBERANTASAN TINDAK PIDANA PENCUCIAN UANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johari Johari

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Tugas dan wewenang Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan (PPATK terdapat di dalam Pasal 26 dan Pasal 27 Undang-Undang No. 25 Tahun 2003 tentang Tindak Pencucian Uang. Berdasarkan ketentuan tersebut, tugas dan wewenang PPATK tersebut bertujuan untuk mendeteksi terjadinya tindak pidana pencucian uang, dan membantu penegakan hukum yang berkaitan dengan pencucian uang, termasuk tindak pidana asal yang melahirkannya (predicate offences. Namun, Peranan PPATK akan berjalan secara efektif apabila aparat penegak hukum seperti Kepolisian, Kejaksaan, Pengadilan, Bea dan Cukai, para regulator seperti Bank Indonesia, Departemen Keuangan, Badan Pengawas Pasar Modal serta Penyedia Jasa Keuangan, industri perbankan, asuransi, perusahaan pembiayaan, dana pensiun, perusahaan efek, pengelola reksadana, media massa, masyarakat bekerjasama secara terorganisir dan terpadu dalam pemberantasan tindak pencucian uang di Indonesia. Dengan kewenangan yang dimilikinya, PPATK dapat mengejar hasil dari kejahatan, apabila hasil kejahatan tersebut dapat dikejar dan disita maka negara dengan sendirinya akan mengurangi tindak kejahatan itu sendiri. Kata kunci : Pencucian uang, tindak pidana pencucian uang (money laundering, kejahatan terorganisir, dan Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan (PPATK.

  19. Cooperative Projects - Challenges and Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schubotz, Wiebke; Brücher, Tim; Vamborg, Freja

    2017-04-01

    Today's research in Germany is often organized in large projects and collaborations, so-called cooperative projects ("Verbundprojekte" in German). These projects are defined by a large number of members (more than 50) and participating institutes, e.g. institutes of research organizations such as the Max-Planck society and the Leibniz association, Helmholtz centres, and universities. For coordination purposes these projects usually have a general project manager or project coordinator close to the speaker of the project. Despite this overarching position, it is often challenging for the project manager to really overview the entire project as he is, for example, not involved in the individual institute's recruitment processes or research connections to other institutes via other projects. Additionally, there is neither a formal obligation for the principal investigators and project scientists to report changes within their sub-projects, nor any formal dependency between these sub-projects and the coordination office to ensure a contemporary update of changes and progress in their specific tasks of the project. Therefore, the idea of a coordinating position to oversee the entire cooperative project is sometimes difficult to reach. Furthermore, project managers usually have no formal connection to other project managers. This means that recurrent tasks, for which cooperation between project managers would be helpful, need to be reinvented for each project anew. Due to the lack of this more formalized cooperation between project managers, acquired expertise is often lost. We will illustrate the challenges of this kind of project management based on projects at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (Hamburg) and the Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research (GEOMAR, Kiel), but also point out opportunities that arise within a large collaboration of partners. Moreover, we present an approach to coordinate management processes in order to overcome some of the aforementioned

  20. Defectors Can Create Conditions That Rescue Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waite, Adam James; Cannistra, Caroline; Shou, Wenying

    2015-01-01

    Cooperation based on the production of costly common goods is observed throughout nature. This is puzzling, as cooperation is vulnerable to exploitation by defectors which enjoy a fitness advantage by consuming the common good without contributing fairly. Depletion of the common good can lead to population collapse and the destruction of cooperation. However, population collapse implies small population size, which, in a structured population, is known to favor cooperation. This happens because small population size increases variability in cooperator frequency across different locations. Since individuals in cooperator-dominated locations (which are most likely cooperators) will grow more than those in defector-dominated locations (which are most likely defectors), cooperators can outgrow defectors globally despite defectors outgrowing cooperators in each location. This raises the possibility that defectors can lead to conditions that sometimes rescue cooperation from defector-induced destruction. We demonstrate multiple mechanisms through which this can occur, using an individual-based approach to model stochastic birth, death, migration, and mutation events. First, during defector-induced population collapse, defectors occasionally go extinct before cooperators by chance, which allows cooperators to grow. Second, empty locations, either preexisting or created by defector-induced population extinction, can favor cooperation because they allow cooperator but not defector migrants to grow. These factors lead to the counterintuitive result that the initial presence of defectors sometimes allows better survival of cooperation compared to when defectors are initially absent. Finally, we find that resource limitation, inducible by defectors, can select for mutations adaptive to resource limitation. When these mutations are initially present at low levels or continuously generated at a moderate rate, they can favor cooperation by further reducing local population size