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Sample records for combining prolapse surgery

  1. Protocol for the CUPIDO trials; multicenter randomized controlled trials to assess the value of combining prolapse surgery and incontinence surgery in patients with genital prolapse and evident stress incontinence (CUPIDO I and in patients with genital prolapse and occult stress incontinence (CUPIDO II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van der Vaart Huub

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background About 40% of all patients with genital prolapse report stress-incontinence. In about half of the 60% patients that do not report stress-incontinence, occult urinary stress-incontinence can be detected. In these patients stress-incontinence is masked due to kinking or compression of the urethra by the prolapse. In case surgical correction is indicated there are two strategies to manage patients with combined prolapse and (occult stress incontinence. This strategy is either (i a combination of prolapse surgery and stress-incontinence surgery or (ii to correct the prolapse first and evaluate afterwards whether additional stress-incontinence surgery is indicated. The advantage of combining prolapse and stress-incontinence surgery is that only few patients report stress-incontinence following such combination. However, this combination has been associated with an increased risk on complications, of which the development of obstructive micturition symptoms, overactive bladder symptoms and bladder retention are the most important ones. Furthermore, combining two procedures may be unnecessary as performing only prolapse surgery may cure stress-incontinence In the randomized CUPIDO trials both strategies are compared in patients with prolapse and evident stress incontinence (CUPIDO I trial and in patients with prolapse and occult stress incontinence (CUPIDO II trial. Methods/Design The CUPIDO trials are two multicenter randomized controlled trials in which women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI or occult stress urinary incontinence (OSUI are randomized to prolapse surgery combined with anti incontinence surgery (concomitant surgery or to prolapse surgery only. Patients with at least stage 2 POP are eligible, women with evident SUI are randomized in CUPIDO I. Patients without SUI are eligible for CUPIDO II and will have urodynamic evaluation or a standardized redression test. Women with OSUI are randomized, women without OSUI are

  2. Prolapse surgery with or without stress incontinence surgery for pelvic organ prolapse: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Ploeg, J. M.; van der Steen, A.; Oude Rengerink, K.; van der Vaart, C. H.; Roovers, J. P.

    2014-01-01

    The combination of prolapse surgery with an incontinence procedure can reduce the incidence of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after surgery, but may increase adverse events. We compared the effectiveness and safety of prolapse surgery versus combined prolapse and incontinence surgery in women

  3. Surgery for pelvic organ prolapse: a historical perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbalat, Yanina; Tunuguntla, Hari S G R

    2012-06-01

    Surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse has evolved from the use of pomegranates as pessary devices to contemporary robot-assisted laparoscopic sacral colpopexy. Symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse requires correction of all the defects to achieve optimal outcomes. Factors to consider in selecting the appropriate repair include patient's age; stage of prolapse; vaginal length; hormonal status; desire for uterine preservation and coitus; symptoms of sexual, urinary, or bowel dysfunction; and any comorbidities that influence her eligibility for anesthesia or chronically increase intra-abdominal pressure. There is currently no consensus as to the best surgical approach for advanced pelvic organ prolapse. Reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse is currently performed by vaginal or abdominal (open, laparoscopic, and robotic approaches) approaches or a combination. It is important to maintain skills in proven procedures such as abdominal sacrocolpopexy and sacrospinous ligament suspension. This paper discusses the historical evolution of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse from antiquity to date.

  4. Robotic approaches to prolapse surgery.

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    Rosenblum, Nirit

    2012-07-01

    Pelvic reconstructive surgeons in the fields of urology, gynecology and urogynecology have continually adapted new techniques in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair in order to improve both anatomic and subjective outcomes. In the last 5 years, robotic surgery has gained a strong foothold in urologic oncology, gynecologic oncology, cardiothoracic surgery and now in female pelvic medicine. Robotic surgery has made its way into the armamentarium of POP treatment and has allowed pelvic surgeons to adapt the 'gold standard' technique of abdominal sacrocolpopexy to a minimally invasive approach with improved intraoperative morbidity and decreased convalescence. This review article aims to discuss the techniques of robotic prolapse repair as well as morbidity, cost and clinical outcomes. The adaptation of minimally invasive approaches to the treatment of POP initially began with laparoscopy, something only those surgeons with extensive and advanced laparoscopic skills are able to accomplish. Access to robotic technology makes conversion from open or laparoscopic to robotic surgery much more feasible for most pelvic floor surgeons. There are currently no published randomized, controlled trials comparing robotic with open or laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy, however, there are several publications reporting both retrospective and prospective series of women undergoing robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy. Robotic-assisted pelvic floor surgery has become an important component of the pelvic surgeon's armamentarium in the treatment of symptomatic POP. Those pelvic surgeons without significant expertise in laparoscopy required for sacral dissection and intracorporeal suturing can readily learn the necessary techniques required for robotic surgery.

  5. Effects of genital prolapse surgery on sexuality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roovers, Jan-Paul; van der Bom, Anske; van Leeuwen, Jules Schagen; Scholten, Piet; Heintz, Peter; van der Vaart, Huub

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: A prospective study was performed to evaluate the effects of genital prolapse surgery on sexuality. Additionally we investigated which variables are risk factors for persistence or development of sexual problems after surgery. METHODS: All 82 patients participating in a randomized trial

  6. [Implants for genital prolapse : Contra mesh surgery].

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    Hampel, C

    2017-12-01

    Alloplastic transvaginal meshes have become very popular in the surgery of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) as did alloplastic suburethral slings in female stress incontinence surgery, but without adequate supporting data. The simplicity of the mesh procedure facilitates its propagation with acceptance of higher revision and complication rates. Since attending physicians do more and more prolapse surgeries without practicing or teaching alternative techniques, expertise in these alternatives, which might be very useful in cases of recurrence, persistence or complications, is permanently lost. It is doubtful that proper and detailed information about alternatives, risks, and benefits of transvaginal alloplastic meshes is provided to every single prolapse patient according to the recommendations of the German POP guidelines, since the number of implanted meshes exceeds the number of properly indicated mesh candidates by far. Although there is no dissent internationally about the available mesh data, thousands of lawsuits in the USA, insolvency of companies due to claims for compensation and unambiguous warnings from foreign urological societies leave German urogynecologists still unimpressed. The existing literature in pelvic organ prolapse exclusively focusses on POP stage and improvement of that stage with surgical therapy. Instead, typical prolapse symptoms should trigger therapy and improvement of these symptoms should be the utmost treatment goal. It is strongly recommended for liability reasons to obtain specific written informed consent.

  7. The Effect of Prolapse Surgery on Vaginal Sensibility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lakeman, Marielle M. E.; van der Vaart, C. Huub; Laan, Ellen; Roovers, Jan-Paul W. R.

    Introduction. Prolapse surgery has been shown to have major impact on sexual function. Since prolapse surgery not only influences psychological factors but might also influence physiological conditions such as vaginal innervation, there is a need for objective outcome measurements to better

  8. [Prolapse surgery. With abdominal or vaginal meshes?].

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    Loertzer, H; Schneider, P; Thelen, P; Ringert, R H; Strauß, A

    2012-09-01

    In prolapse surgery several surgical techniques are available. The different open, laparoscopic and vaginal approaches are distinguished by distinct success and relapse rates and operation-specific complications. A safe and optimal therapeutic pelvic floor surgery should be based on the three support levels according to DeLancy and be individually adjusted for every patient. The vaginal approach may be used for all kinds of female genital prolapse and is a comparatively less invasive technique with a short time of convalescence. Apart from stress incontinence there is no need for synthetic meshes in primary approaches and excellent results with low complication and relapse rates can be achieved. An uncritical application of synthetic material is to be avoided in vaginal repair at all times. Abdominal surgical techniques, both open and laparoscopic, present their strengths in the therapeutic approach to level 1 defects or stress incontinence. They provide excellent functional and anatomical corrections and low relapse rates. Abdominally inserted meshes have lower complication rates than vaginal ones.

  9. Prolapse surgery with or without incontinence procedure: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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    van der Ploeg, J M; van der Steen, A; Zwolsman, S; van der Vaart, C H; Roovers, Jpwr

    2017-09-22

    To reduce the risk of postoperative stress urinary incontinence (POSUI) prolapse repair might be combined with incontinence surgery. Compare efficacy and safety of prolapse surgery with and without incontinence surgery. Including our earlier review a systematic search in PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and the Register of Current Controlled Trials was performed from 1995 to 2017. Randomised trials comparing prolapse surgery with a midurethral sling (MUS) or Burch colposuspension. Two reviewers selected eligible articles and extracted data. Stress urinary outcomes were pooled for preoperative SUI. Urgency incontinence and adverse events were pooled for incontinence procedure. Ten trials were included. Women with preoperative SUI symptoms or occult SUI had a lower risk to undergo subsequent incontinence surgery for POSUI after vaginal prolapse surgery with a MUS than after prolapse surgery only: 0 versus 40% [relative risk (RR) 0.0; 95% CI 0.0-0.2] and 1 versus 15% (RR 0.1; 95% CI 0.0-0.6), respectively. These differences were not significant in continent women not tested for occult SUI or without occult SUI. Serious adverse events were more frequent after vaginal prolapse repair with MUS (14 versus 8%; RR 1.7; 95% CI 1.1-2.7), but not after sacrocolpopexy with Burch colposuspension. Combination surgery did not increase the risk of overactive bladder symptoms, urgency incontinence and surgery for voiding dysfunction. Vaginal prolapse repair with MUS reduced the risk of postoperative SUI in women with preoperative SUI symptoms or occult SUI, but serious adverse events were more frequent. Less stress incontinence after vaginal prolapse repair with sling, but more adverse events. © 2017 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

  10. Laparoscopic reconstructive surgery is superior to vaginal reconstruction in the pelvic organ prolapse

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Park, Young-Han; Yang, Seong Cheon; Park, Sung Taek; Park, Sung Ho; Kim, Hong Bae

    2014-01-01

    ...) and underwent pelvic reconstructive surgery for prolapsed vaginal vault and uterus. Upon retrospective review of the medical records, 174 of the patients who had symptoms of pelvic organ prolapsed and Baden-Walker prolapse grade...

  11. Laparoscopic Management of Vaginal Vault Prolapse Recurring after Pelvic Organ Prolapse Surgery.

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    Mearini, Luigi; Nunzi, Elisabetta; Di Biase, Manuel; Costantini, Elisabetta

    2016-01-01

    Despite the increasing success of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse, recurrent vaginal vault prolapse is not rare. We present a step-by-step laparoscopic approach with a sacral colpopexy (SC) for treatment of recurrent vault prolapse. From 2006, 25 women presenting with symptomatic recurrent vault prolapse were prospectively evaluated and treated with laparoscopic SC. This article briefly describes all of the steps that are required to conduct a proper surgery in such cases. After previous abdominal sacropexy, both the dissection of adherences and restoration of normal pelvic anatomy were challenging. As result, the overall operating time was longer in patients who had undergone abdominal sacropexy vs. vaginal route, p = 0.032. No significant peri- or postoperative complications were observed. At a mean follow-up of 41 months, all women presented with less than stage 2 prolapse and high levels of satisfaction. Despite the need for an intraoperative step-by-step surgical safety checklist, the laparoscopic repair of recurrent vault prolapse is technically feasible, safe and effective. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  12. [Implants for genital prolapse : Pro mesh surgery].

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    Neymeyer, J; Moldovan, D-E; Kornienko, K; Miller, K; Weichert, A

    2017-12-01

    There has been an overall increase in pelvic organ prolapse due to demographic changes (increased life expectancy). Increasing sociocultural demands of women require treatments that are more effective with methods that are more successful. In the treatment of pelvic floor insufficiency and uterovaginal prolapse, pelvic floor reconstructions with mesh implants have proven to be superior to conventional methods such as the classic colporrhaphy, reconstructions with biomaterial, and native tissue repair in appropriately selected patients and when applying exact operation techniques, especially because of good long-term results and low recurrence rates. When making a systematic therapy plan, one should adhere to certain steps, for example, a pelvic floor reconstruction should be undertaken before performing the corrective procedure for incontinence. The approach, if vaginal, laparoscopic, or abdominal should be chosen wisely, taking into consideration the required space of action, in such a way that none or only minimal collateral damage related to the operation occurs. The use of instrumental suturing techniques and operation robots are advantageous in the case of difficult approaches and limited anatomical spaces. In principle, the surgeon who implants meshes should be able to explant them! The surgical concept of mesh-related interventions in the pelvis must meet established rules. "Implant as little mesh as possible and only as much suitable (!) mesh as absolutely necessary!" In the case of apical direct fixations, a therapeutically relevant target variable is the elevation angle of vagina (EAV). Established anatomical fixation points are preferable. A safe distance between implants and vulnerable tissue is to be maintained. Mesh-based prolapse repairs are indicated in recurrences, in primary situations, in combined defects of the anterior compartment, in central defects of multimorbid and elderly patients, and above all, when organ preservation is wanted

  13. Laparoscopic surgery for rectal prolapse and pelvic floor disorders

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Alexander Rickert Peter Kienle

    2015-01-01

    Pelvic floor disorders are different dysfunctions of gynaecological, urinary or anorectal organs, which can present as incontinence, outlet-obstruction and organ prolapse or as a combination of these symptoms...

  14. Laparoscopic prolapse surgery: types and evidence.

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    Wattiez, Arnaud; Nasir, Razan; Al Maamari, Basma; Schindler, Larissa

    2016-10-01

    Recommendations for the surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse have undergone significant changes over the last few decades.First described to be too difficult, the laparoscopic technique has gained popularity but is still controversial. The recent warning on vaginal mesh was the sign of revival and we start now to have many articles published on results and on techniques for laparoscopic prolapse repair. If nothing is new in the comparison of the routes including vaginal mesh placement, the new articles are very interesting in terms of technical information and recommendations. Those articles are very important and help us understand some failures in the laparoscopic approach mainly in the anterior compartment. New models have been created and eventually in the future, we will be able to simulate the repair on our own patients and to assess virtually the mobility of each compartment preoperatively. This will allow us to adjust and tailor the treatment to each patient.

  15. Abdominal, laparoscopic, and robotic surgery for pelvic organ prolapse.

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    McDermott, Colleen D; Hale, Douglass S

    2009-09-01

    Abdominal correction of pelvic organ prolapse remains a viable option for patients and surgeons. The transition from open procedures to less invasive laparoscopic and robotic-assisted surgeries is evident in the literature. This article reviews the surgical options available for pelvic organ prolapse repair and their reported outcomes. Procedures reviewed include apical support (sacral, uterosacral, and others), and abdominal anterior and posterior vaginal wall support. Long-term follow-up and appropriately designed studies will further help direct surgeons in deciding which approach to incorporate into their practice.

  16. Vaginal Symptoms after Reconstructive Surgery for Prolapsed Pelvic Organ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tahereh Eftekhar

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Pelvic organ prolapse is a common disorder in women over the world and its general treatment is surgery. Therefore it is important to consider if vaginal symptoms, quality of life and sexual function after surgery improve. The purpose of this study was to assess vaginal symptoms in women 3 months after surgery for pelvic organ prolapse.Materials and methods: In this study 50 eligible women were evaluated between March 2007 and May 2008. These women underwent physical examination for prolapse staging and medical status and completed the ICIQ–VS questionnaire pre– and post operation 3 months later.Results: Mean age was 44.86 (31–74 years and %72 were premenopausal. Vaginal symptoms, sexual function and quality of life scores improved in order (8.88 Vs 18.04, 17.16 Vs 34.48, 2.76 Vs 4.8, all P<0.05.Conclusion: Vaginal symptoms, sexual function and quality of life after surgery improved. It appears that in Iranian patients, the performance of reconstruction surgery alone results in satisfaction.

  17. Management of occult stress urinary incontinence with prolapse surgery.

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    Al-Mandeel, H; Al-Badr, A

    2013-08-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI), are two common health-related conditions, each affecting up to 50% women worldwide. Stress urinary incontinence only observed after the reduction of co-existent prolapse is called occult SUI (OSUI), and is found in up to 80% of women with advanced POP. Although there is no consensus on how to diagnose OSUI, there are several reported methods to better diagnose. Counseling symptomatically continent women with POP concerning the potential risk for developing SUI postoperatively cannot be overstated. Evidence suggests that positive OSUI in symptomatically continent women who are planning to have POP repair is associated with a high risk of POSUI, furthermore, adding continence procedure is found to reduce postoperative SUI. Therefore, adding continence surgery at the time of POP surgery in patients who are found to have OSUI preoperatively is advocated.

  18. Protocol for the CUPIDO trials; multicenter randomized controlled trials to assess the value of combining prolapse surgery and incontinence surgery in patients with genital prolapse and evident stress incontinence (CUPIDO I) and in patients with genital prolapse and occult stress incontinence (CUPIDO II)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Steen, Annemarie; van der Ploeg, Marinus; Dijkgraaf, Marcel G. W.; van der Vaart, Huub; Roovers, Jan-Paul W. R.

    2010-01-01

    Background: About 40% of all patients with genital prolapse report stress-incontinence. In about half of the 60% patients that do not report stress-incontinence, occult urinary stress-incontinence can be detected. In these patients stress-incontinence is masked due to kinking or compression of the

  19. Laparoscopic surgery for rectal prolapse and pelvic floor disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Rickert, Alexander; Kienle, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Pelvic floor disorders are different dysfunctions of gynaecological, urinary or anorectal organs, which can present as incontinence, outlet-obstruction and organ prolapse or as a combination of these symptoms. Pelvic floor disorders affect a substantial amount of people, predominantly women. Transabdominal procedures play a major role in the treatment of these disorders. With the development of new techniques established open procedures are now increasingly performed laparoscopically. Operati...

  20. Lumbar Interverterbral Disc Prolapse (PLID Surgery and Our Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md Mizanur Rahman

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Back pain and sciatica are very common in adult persons. These cause a great loss of working hours with financial loss of individual and the nation. Very careful evaluation must be done to treat these patients. Injudicious treatment, whether medical or surgical, may aggravate the sufferings. Objective: To study immediate and long term effect of the prolapsed intervertebral disc surgery. Materials and Methods: This observational study was done in Enam Medical College & Hospital, Savar, Dhaka during January 2007 to June 2011. Sixty four patients operated during this period for prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc were included in the study. Fifty six (88% were male and 8 (12% were female. Age range was 30 to 50 years. Most of the patients presented with back pain and sciatica with no definite history of trauma or weight lifting. Diagnosis was confirmed by MRI. Results: Sixty (94% patients had no pain after surgery and only 4 patients had occasional pain. Conclusion: Maintenance of strict criteria for the surgery yields very good result.

  1. Laparoscopic pectopexy: initial experience of single center with a new technique for apical prolapse surgery

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    Ahmet Kale

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: To share our first experience with laparoscopic pectopexy, a new technique for apical prolapse surgery, and to evaluate the feasibility of this technique. Materials and Methods: Seven patients with apical prolapse underwent surgery with laparoscopic pectopexy. The lateral parts of the iliopectineal ligament were used for a bilateral mesh fixation of the descended structures. The medical records of the patients were reviewed, and the short-term clinical outcomes were analyzed. Results: The laparoscopic pectopexy procedures were successfully performed, without intraoperative and postoperative complications. De novo apical prolapse, de novo urgency, de novo constipation, stress urinary incontinence, anterior and lateral defect cystoceles, and rectoceles did not occur in any of the patients during a 6-month follow-up period. Conclusion: Although laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy has shown excellent anatomical and functional long-term results, laparoscopic pectopexy offers a feasible, safe, and comfortable alternative for apical prolapse surgery. Pectopexy may increase a surgeon's technical perspective for apical prolapse surgery.

  2. Laparoscopic Reconstructive Surgery is Superior to Vaginal Reconstruction in the Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Young-Han; Yang, Seong Cheon; Park, Sung Taek; Park, Sung Ho; Kim, Hong Bae

    2014-01-01

    Background: Our purpose was to provide the clinical advantages of the laparoscopic approach compare to the vaginal approach in correcting uterine and vaginal vault prolapse. Methods: Between June 2007 and June 2011, 174 women were admitted to HUMC (Hallym University Medical Center) and underwent pelvic reconstructive surgery for prolapsed vaginal vault and uterus. Upon retrospective review of the medical records, 174 of the patients who had symptoms of pelvic organ prolapsed and Baden-Walker ...

  3. Under what circumstances should stress incontinence surgery be performed at the same time as prolapse surgery? ICI-RS 2015.

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    Khullar, Vik; Anding, Ralf; Robinson, Dudley; Castro-Diaz, David; Dmochowski, Roger; Cardozo, Linda

    2017-04-01

    An International Consultation on Incontinence-Research Society (ICI-RS) Think Tank in 2015 discussed and evaluated the evidence of when stress incontinence surgery should be performed with prolapse surgery and highlighted evidence gaps, with the aim of recommending further clinical and research proposals. A review of the literature assessing randomized studies where women with vaginal prolapse have been randomized to vaginal prolapse surgery with or without continence surgery were evaluated. The different clinical presentations were also evaluated and their impact on outcome was critically reviewed. There are three symptomatic groups of women with vaginal prolapse who are treated. The first group is continent women with vaginal prolapse. The second group has stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and vaginal prolapse. The last group has vaginal prolapse and have been found through testing to have occult SUI. The studies have reported a range of outcomes for each of these groups. There are different outcomes based on the surgical method used to correct the prolapse and also the different continence surgical techniques. There are insufficient studies to allow firm conclusions to be drawn. The economic impact of the different management pathways is also discussed although costs vary according to different national medical funding systems. There is considerable uncertainty about the optimal method of managing women with vaginal prolapse and stress incontinence due to the different surgical techniques available. In particular the group of women with occult SUI are a challenge as the optimal diagnostic method has not yet been defined. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Transpedicular surgery for dorsolumbar junction disc prolapse: anatomic and biomechanical considerations of a minimally invasive approach.

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    Bhatoe, H S

    2005-10-01

    The dorsal spine is the least affected region of the spine for intervertebral disc prolapse. The majority of cases of thoracic disc prolapse affect the lower dorsal spine, probably due to the increased mobility of that region. The dorsolumbar junction (DLJ) comprises D10 to L1 together with the intervening discs. Over a period of nine years, we have operated on thirty-two DLJ disc prolapses using a transpedicular approach in thirty patients. There were eight cases of D10/D11 disc prolapse, ten of D11/D12, and twelve of D12/L1 prolapse. Two patients had more than 1 level involvement. Back ache was the predominant symptom in patients with DLJ disc prolapse, seen in 92 % of cases. Presentation was in the form of conus/cauda equina syndrome with D11, D12 and L1 radiculopathy. All the patients were evaluated by MRI. Disc prolapse was eccentric in 10 and diffuse central in 22 levels. There was a distinct neurological improvement in all patients after surgery, pain relief being the most prominent feature. The dorsolumbar region differs from the dorsal spine in terms of mobility, anatomic and biomechanical features. It is a transition zone between the relatively fixed dorsal spine and the mobile lumbar region. These differences account for the higher incidence of disc prolapse in the region as compared to the dorsal spine cranial to D10. The transpedicular approach appears to be most suitable for discectomy for DLJ disc prolapse. The approach is minimally invasive considering the size of the incision, minimal bone removal and avoidance of vital structures. Postoperative pain is minimal and ambulation can be begun within 24 hours of surgery.

  5. Laparoscopic surgery for rectal prolapse and pelvic floor disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rickert, Alexander; Kienle, Peter

    2015-09-10

    Pelvic floor disorders are different dysfunctions of gynaecological, urinary or anorectal organs, which can present as incontinence, outlet-obstruction and organ prolapse or as a combination of these symptoms. Pelvic floor disorders affect a substantial amount of people, predominantly women. Transabdominal procedures play a major role in the treatment of these disorders. With the development of new techniques established open procedures are now increasingly performed laparoscopically. Operation techniques consist of various rectopexies with suture, staples or meshes eventually combined with sigmoid resection. The different approaches need to be measured by their operative and functional outcome and their recurrence rates. Although these operations are performed frequently a comparison and evaluation of the different methods is difficult, as most of the used outcome measures in the available studies have not been standardised and data from randomised studies comparing these outcome measures directly are lacking. Therefore evidence based guidelines do not exist. Currently the laparoscopic approach with ventral mesh rectopexy or resection rectopexy is the two most commonly used techniques. Observational and retrospective studies show good functional results, a low rate of complications and a low recurrence rate. As high quality evidence is missing, an individualized approach is recommend for every patient considering age, individual health status and the underlying morphological and functional disorders.

  6. Predictive factors for overactive bladder symptoms after pelvic organ prolapse surgery.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, T.A. de; Kluivers, K.B.; Withagen, M.I.J.; Milani, A.L.; Vierhout, M.E.

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This study focussed on the factors which predict the presence of symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB) after surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: Consecutive women who underwent POP surgery with or without the use of vaginal mesh materials in the years

  7. Incidence and lifetime risk of pelvic organ prolapse surgery in Denmark from 1977 to 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Papsøe Løwenstein, Ea; Ottesen, Bent; Gimbel, Helga

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of the study was to describe the incidence of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgeries in Denmark during the last 30 years, age distribution over time, and the lifetime risk of undergoing POP surgery. METHODS: We carried out a population-based registry study...

  8. Robot-assisted laparoscopic pectouteropexy: an alternative uterus-sparing technique for pelvic organ prolapse surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usta, Taner; Karacan, Tolga; Kale, Ahmet; Mutlu, Sevgin; Tıryakı, Talha

    2017-11-01

    The aim of this video is to demonstrate the alternative technique of robot-assisted laparoscopic pectouteropexy for uterus preservation in obese patients with pelvic organ prolapse. We present the case report of a 44-year-old patient with apical pelvic organ prolapse. A pelvic examination was performed during a Valsalva maneuver in the dorsal lithotomy position and in the standing position, and the patient was diagnosed with stage III apical prolapse in accordance with the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification system of the International Continence Society (POP-Q: Аа -1, Ва 0, Вр 0, С +2). We performed the procedure, which was developed as an alternative to sacrocolpopexy or sacrouteropexy, as described by Banerjee and Noé (Arch Gynecol Obstet 284:24-28, 2011). Pectouteropexy is a new method for prolapse surgery that uses the lateral parts of the iliopectineal ligament for bilateral mesh fixation of the descended structures and provides strong apical support. We believe that robot-assisted laparoscopic pectouteropexy is a valuable alternative approach for uterus-preserving pelvic organ prolapse surgery owing to its better robot maneuverability, reduced operating time, and better visualization in obese patients.

  9. [Female genital prolapse surgery using ultra lightweight polypropylene mesh].

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    Filimonov, V B; Vasin, R V; Vasina, I V; Kaprin, A D; Kostin, A A

    2017-06-01

    To compare the results of female genital prolapse (FGP) surgery via vaginal access using lightweight and ultra-lightweight polypropylene mesh. From 2007 to 2011, 93 women aged from 46 to 71 years with II-IV stage FGP (POP-Q classification) were examined and underwent the vaginal extra-peritoneal colpopexy using polypropylene implants in the Department of Urology. Patients were divided into 2 groups. In patients of group 1 (n=50) the surgery was performed according to a newly developed technique using perforated ultra-lightweight (surface density 19 g/m2) domestically manufactured polypropylene implant. In group 2, a standard trocar set with light (surface density of 42.7 g/m2) foreign-made polypropylene implants was used. Long-term follow-up was from 1 to 5 years. General surgical complications (urinary bladder injury, blood loss over 300 ml, perineal and vaginal hematomas) were detected in 2 (4%) patients of group 1 and in 7 (16.3%) patients of group 2. The most common specific mesh-related complication was the vaginal wall erosion, which was observed in 4 (9.3%) patients of group 2 and in 1 (2%) patient of group 1. FGP recurrence was diagnosed in 5 (10%) patients of group 1 in the non-treated part and in 8 (18.6%) patients of group 2. Three patients (7%) in group 2 developed recurrent cystocele due to the shrinkage of the mesh implant which was not observed in group 1. At 12 month follow-up, the results of FGP surgical treatment were estimated as good (full functional recovery and no FGP recurrence) in 41 (82%) and 32 (74.4%) patients of groups 1 and 2, respectively. We have developed a method of vaginal extra-peritoneal colpopexy using a perforated ultra-lightweight polypropylene implant. This technique has resulted in the absence of recurrence in the treated part of FGP, and 4.1, 4.2 and 4.7 fold reductions in the incidence of general surgical complications, vaginal wall erosions and perineal and vaginal hematomas, respectively, compared with FGP patients

  10. URINARY PROBLEMS AMONGST GYNECOLOGICAL CONSULTATIONS. ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PROLAPSE, GYNECOLOGICAL SURGERY AND DIABETES

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    Saadia, Zaheera

    2016-01-01

    Background: Urinary incontinence is the inability of a woman to maintain bladder control. Symptoms range from urgency, frequency, nocturia to urge incontinence (1). It limits functional and social activities and leads to depression and social withdrawal. (2). This observational study aimed to describe the common urinary problems amongst gynecological consultations. It also describes the relationship of urinary incontinence with history of diabetes, previous gynecological surgery and prolapse. Methods: The study was conducted as a descriptive cross sectional study from Jan-May 2015 at Qassim University Clinic, Buraidah. Women with urinary problem and those without urinary problems were compared for risk factors including diabetes, prolapse and previous gynecological surgery. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 22 (SPSS 22) was used to conduct proportion z-tests to determine the association of prolapse, gynecological surgeries and diabetes with urinary incontinence. To test the hypothesis, differences between two groups on the aforementioned factors were examined. The groups included participants that reported having urinary problems (n = 111) and those who do not have urinary problems (n = 100). Results: The most frequent complaints of participants with urinary problems were urgency (n = 66, 59.46%), Stress incontinence (SI) (n = 65, 58.56%) and frequency (n = 62, 55.86%). For participants with a urinary problem, 89.19% have not had a gynecological surgery (n = 99) and the remaining 10.81% of participants had a gynecological surgery (n = 12). For participants without a urinary problem, 97.0% have not had a gynecological surgery (n = 97) and the remaining 3.0% had a gynecological surgery (n = 3). For participants with a urinary problem, 72.97% did not have diabetes (n = 81) and the remaining 27.03% of participants did have diabetes (n = 30). For participants without a urinary problem, 92.0% did not have diabetes (n = 92) and the remaining 8.0% did report

  11. Urinary Problems Amongst Gynecological Consultations. Association Between Prolapse, Gynecological Surgery and Diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saadia, Zaheera

    2015-10-01

    Urinary incontinence is the inability of a woman to maintain bladder control. Symptoms range from urgency, frequency, nocturia to urge incontinence (1). It limits functional and social activities and leads to depression and social withdrawal. (2). This observational study aimed to describe the common urinary problems amongst gynecological consultations. It also describes the relationship of urinary incontinence with history of diabetes, previous gynecological surgery and prolapse. The study was conducted as a descriptive cross sectional study from Jan-May 2015 at Qassim University Clinic, Buraidah. Women with urinary problem and those without urinary problems were compared for risk factors including diabetes, prolapse and previous gynecological surgery. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 22 (SPSS 22) was used to conduct proportion z-tests to determine the association of prolapse, gynecological surgeries and diabetes with urinary incontinence. To test the hypothesis, differences between two groups on the aforementioned factors were examined. The groups included participants that reported having urinary problems (n = 111) and those who do not have urinary problems (n = 100). The most frequent complaints of participants with urinary problems were urgency (n = 66, 59.46%), Stress incontinence (SI) (n = 65, 58.56%) and frequency (n = 62, 55.86%). For participants with a urinary problem, 89.19% have not had a gynecological surgery (n = 99) and the remaining 10.81% of participants had a gynecological surgery (n = 12). For participants without a urinary problem, 97.0% have not had a gynecological surgery (n = 97) and the remaining 3.0% had a gynecological surgery (n = 3). For participants with a urinary problem, 72.97% did not have diabetes (n = 81) and the remaining 27.03% of participants did have diabetes (n = 30). For participants without a urinary problem, 92.0% did not have diabetes (n = 92) and the remaining 8.0% did report having diabetes (n = 8). For

  12. URINARY PROBLEMS AMONGST GYNECOLOGICAL CONSULTATIONS. ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PROLAPSE, GYNECOLOGICAL SURGERY AND DIABETES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saadia, Zaheera

    2016-06-01

    Urinary incontinence is the inability of a woman to maintain bladder control. Symptoms range from urgency, frequency, nocturia to urge incontinence (1). It limits functional and social activities and leads to depression and social withdrawal. (2). This observational study aimed to describe the common urinary problems amongst gynecological consultations. It also describes the relationship of urinary incontinence with history of diabetes, previous gynecological surgery and prolapse. The study was conducted as a descriptive cross sectional study from Jan-May 2015 at Qassim University Clinic, Buraidah. Women with urinary problem and those without urinary problems were compared for risk factors including diabetes, prolapse and previous gynecological surgery. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 22 (SPSS 22) was used to conduct proportion z-tests to determine the association of prolapse, gynecological surgeries and diabetes with urinary incontinence. To test the hypothesis, differences between two groups on the aforementioned factors were examined. The groups included participants that reported having urinary problems (n = 111) and those who do not have urinary problems (n = 100). The most frequent complaints of participants with urinary problems were urgency (n = 66, 59.46%), Stress incontinence (SI) (n = 65, 58.56%) and frequency (n = 62, 55.86%). For participants with a urinary problem, 89.19% have not had a gynecological surgery (n = 99) and the remaining 10.81% of participants had a gynecological surgery (n = 12). For participants without a urinary problem, 97.0% have not had a gynecological surgery (n = 97) and the remaining 3.0% had a gynecological surgery (n = 3). For participants with a urinary problem, 72.97% did not have diabetes (n = 81) and the remaining 27.03% of participants did have diabetes (n = 30). For participants without a urinary problem, 92.0% did not have diabetes (n = 92) and the remaining 8.0% did report having diabetes (n = 8). For

  13. Effects of vaginal prolapse surgery and ageing on vaginal vascularization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weber, M.A.

    2016-01-01

    Ageing affects pelvic floor anatomy and function, resulting in several disorders like pelvic organ prolapse (POP), lower urinary tract symptoms and vaginal atrophy (VA). In this thesis we searched for methods to link the function of pelvic organs to physiological changes. The effects of POP and

  14. Capsulotomy and hydroprocedures for nucleus prolapse in manual small incision cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkatesh Rengaraj

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS involves the manual removal of nucleus through a scleral tunnel. To achieve 100% success every time, one has to do a good capsulotomy and should master the technique to prolapse the nucleus into anterior chamber. During conversion from extracapsular cataract surgery to MSICS, one can perform a can-opener capsulotomy and prolapse the nucleus. However, it is safer and better to perform a capsulorrhexis and hydroprolapse the nucleus, as it makes the rest of the steps of MSICS comfortable. Use of trypan blue in white and brown cataracts makes the capsulorrhexis and prolapse simple and safe. Extra caution should be taken in cases with hypermature cataracts with weak zonules and subluxated cataracts.

  15. Discrepancies between patient-reported outcome measures when assessing urinary incontinence or pelvic-prolapse surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Michael Due; Lose, Gunnar; Guldberg, Rikke

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: In order to assess the outcome following surgery for urinary incontinence (UI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) the importance of patient-reported outcome measures, in addition to the clinical objective measures, has been recognised. The International Consultation...

  16. New strategies to improve results of mesh surgeries for vaginal prolapses repair – an update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Goulart Fernandes Dias

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe use of meshes has become the first option for the treatment of soft tissue disorders as hernias and stress urinary incontinence and widely used in vaginal prolapse's treatment. However, complications related to mesh issues cannot be neglected. Various strategies have been used to improve tissue integration of prosthetic meshes and reduce related complications. The aim of this review is to present the state of art of mesh innovations, presenting the whole arsenal which has been studied worldwide since composite meshes, coated meshes, collagen's derived meshes and tissue engineered prostheses, with focus on its biocompatibility and technical innovations, especially for vaginal prolapse surgery.

  17. Laparoscopic removal of intravesical mesh following pelvic organ prolapse mesh surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maher, Christopher; Feiner, Benjamin

    2011-12-01

    With the increasing popularity of mesh in prolapse surgery, complications such as intravesical mesh will arise more frequently. In three cases intravesical mesh was identified in the trigone of the bladder following laparoscopic mesh hysteropexy, open sacral colpopexy, and transvaginal mesh repair and presented 9 months to 7 years later with a variety of symptoms including recurrent urinary tract infections, suprapubic pain, and constant urinary leakage. Each underwent uncomplicated laparoscopic transvesical removal of intravesical mesh. Intravesical mesh can present years following index prolapse surgery and can develop despite the bladder integrity being documented as being intact at the initial surgery. The laparoscopic approach to the removal of intravesical mesh is feasible, minimally invasive, and a precise approach to this challenging complication.

  18. Evolution of male rectal prolapse surgery and initial experience of robotic rectopexy in men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddika, Arifa; Saha, Sunita; Siddiqi, Shahab

    2017-09-01

    Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) has proven benefit in the treatment of external rectal prolapse and symptomatic internal rectal prolapse in women. However, there is a recurrence rate of 4-50% depending on indication. Some of this recurrence is attributable to persistent lateral and posterior prolapses. Modifications of LVMR (modified Orr-Loygue rectopexies) describe an additional narrow posterior rectal mesh fixed to the mesorectal fat, which is inherently insecure. Additional complications in men include sexual dysfunction caused by nerve damage from the ventral rectal dissection. There is one case series in men, published by a surgeon with an unusually large practice, showing LVMR to have a good success rate with low rates of sexual dysfunction. Other series have contained small numbers of men, but subgroup analysis to determine success and complication rates is not possible. Robotic surgery is more precise than laparoscopic surgery, allows stereotactic vision, and has a stable platform. We have developed a robotic modified Orr-Loygue rectopexy in an attempt to deal with the persistent components of posterior rectal prolapse by placing a mesh posteriorly through a narrow dissection and securing the mesh to the distal rectal muscle tube. Mesh-to-muscle fixation is more secure than mesh-to-mesorectal fat fixation. The robotic platform also improves the accuracy of ventral dissection and reduces the risk of sexual dysfunction in men. Our initial results indicate that robotic modified Orr-Loygue rectopexy is a safe and feasible option for rectal prolapse in men, with no more complications or recurrences than the best published outcomes for LVMR.

  19. Role of apical support defect: correction in women undergoing vaginal prolapse surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alas, Alexandriah N; Anger, Jennifer T

    2014-10-01

    The aim was to review most recent literature and provide updates in clinical management and surgical treatment of apical pelvic organ prolapse. In patients who decline surgical intervention, formal referral to pelvic floor muscle training is beneficial over self-directed Kegel exercises. Systematic reviews revealed that sacrocolpopexy has better long-term outcomes than vaginal approaches. Uterosacral ligament suspension and sacrospinous ligament suspension have equal efficacy at 1 year. These procedures should be considered as acceptable alternatives to sacrocolpopexy. Two randomized controlled trials have demonstrated equal efficacy between robotic and laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. Minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy should be considered the gold standard for apical prolapse, but these techniques are associated with longer operating times and higher complication rates and longer convalescence than nonmesh vaginal surgery. Surgeons must individualize surgical technique for each patient and should consider a vaginal approach in patients who do not desire laparotomy and are not candidates for minimally invasive surgery.

  20. Combined aluminum potassium sulfate and tannic acid sclerosing therapy and anal encirclement using an elastic artificial ligament for rectal prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, Tatsuya; Hachiro, Yoshikazu; Kunimoto, Masao

    2014-05-01

    Aluminum potassium sulfate and tannic acid is a sclerosant used for sclerosing therapy in the treatment of hemorrhoids, and a Leeds-Keio artificial ligament is a new anal-encircling material for the management of rectal prolapse. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical data and recurrence rates in patients with rectal prolapse undergoing combined aluminum potassium sulfate and tannic acid injection and anal encirclement using the Leeds-Keio artificial ligament. This was a retrospective review of patients who underwent this procedure. This study was conducted at a community-based hospital within a specialized colorectal unit. A total of 23 patients (20 women; median age, 83 years) with full-thickness rectal prolapse underwent treatment between 2005 and 2010. The main outcome measures were morbidity and recurrence rate. The median duration of surgery was 36 minutes. Mean total injection dose of aluminum potassium sulfate and tannic acid was 30 mL. There were no postoperative deaths. Wound infection occurred in 2 patients (9%), and new or worsening symptoms of constipation after surgery occurred in 6 patients (26%). There were 3 recurrences at a median follow-up of 36 months (range, 7-86 months). Recurrence rate at 5 years was 14% (95% CI, 5%-35%). The limitations of this study include its retrospective nature, the potential for selection bias, and lack of a control group. This procedure is quick and easy to perform, with no formidable morbidity, and the recurrence rate is reasonably low. Therefore, it seems to be a reasonable alternative for rectal prolapse in frail, elderly, and high-risk patients.

  1. Laparoscopic reconstructive surgery is superior to vaginal reconstruction in the pelvic organ prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Young-Han; Yang, Seong Cheon; Park, Sung Taek; Park, Sung Ho; Kim, Hong Bae

    2014-01-01

    Our purpose was to provide the clinical advantages of the laparoscopic approach compare to the vaginal approach in correcting uterine and vaginal vault prolapse. Between June 2007 and June 2011, 174 women were admitted to HUMC (Hallym University Medical Center) and underwent pelvic reconstructive surgery for prolapsed vaginal vault and uterus. Upon retrospective review of the medical records, 174 of the patients who had symptoms of pelvic organ prolapsed and Baden-Walker prolapse grade ≥ 2 were selected and divided into two groups as follows: vaginal approach group (n=120) and laparoscopic approach group (n=54). We compared the results of clinical outcome by analyzing Student's t-test and χ(2)-test or the Fisher exact test as appropriate. There were significant difference in success rates without reoperation for recurrence as 91.7% (vaginal approach group, n=110) vs 100% (laparoscopic approach group, n=54), p=0.032. Mean follow-up duration was 31.3 ± 7.6 months for vaginal approach group and 29.7 ± 9.7 months for laparoscopic approach group. The Foley catheter indwelling duration (4.7± 1.9 vs 3.4±2.1 days, papproach group, whereas the operative time was significantly longer (108.2 ± 38.6 vs 168.3 ± 69.7 minutes, p laparoscopic approach group. Our result suggest there is significantly lower recurrence rate requiring reoperation and less catheterization time but increased operative time for laparascopic sacrocolpopexy.

  2. Cystocele (Prolapsed Bladder)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Navigation Bladder Control Problems in Women (Urinary Incontinence) Kegel Exercises Cystocele (Prolapsed Bladder) Cystocele (Prolapsed Bladder) What ... a vaginal pessary, or surgery. Pelvic floor, or Kegel, exercises involve strengthening pelvic floor muscles. Strong pelvic ...

  3. Sexual function after anterior vaginal wall prolapse surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Cezar Feldner Jr.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare female sexual function after surgical treatment of anterior vaginal prolapse with either small intestine submucosa grafting or traditional colporrhaphy. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned, preoperatively, to the small intestine submucosa graft (n = 29 or traditional colporrhaphy (n = 27 treatment group. Postoperative outcomes were analyzed at 12 months. The Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire was used to assess sexual function. Data were compared with independent samples or a paired Student's t-test. RESULTS: In the small intestine submucosa group, the total mean Female Sexual Function Index score increased from 15.5±7.2 to 24.4±7.5 (p<0.001. In the traditional colporrhaphy group, the total mean Female Sexual Function Index score increased from 15.3±6.8 to 24.2±7.0 (p<0.001. Improvements were noted in the domains of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. There were no differences between the two groups at the 12-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Small intestine submucosa repair and traditional colporrhaphy both improved sexual function postoperatively. However, no differences were observed between the two techniques.

  4. Retrospective study on de novo postoperative urinary incontinence after pelvic organ prolapse surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ugianskiene, Aiste; Kjærgaard, Niels; Inger Lindquist, Anna Sofie; Larsen, Thomas; Glavind, Karin

    2017-12-01

    Reported incidences of de novo urinary incontinence (UI) following pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery in preoperatively continent women vary between 2% and 43%. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and the types of de novo UI and differences between operations in different compartments. Retrospective study of 678 women with POP surgery using native tissue repair during a 3-year period. Patients completed three modified prolapse questions from the International Consultation on Incontinence-Vaginal Symptoms (ICIQ-VS) and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire- Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF) before undergoing surgery and 3 months postoperatively. Patients who were totally dry and scored 0 on ICIQ-UI SF before surgery were included in the study (N=299). The patients developing new onset UI on ICIQ-UI SF postoperatively were interviewed by telephone after median 30 months. A total of 33 patients (11%) developed subjective de novo UI at 3 months follow-up. The majority of patients (N=16) reported stress UI. The risk of developing de novo UI increased with parity (p=0.03). We found no difference between operations in different compartments. At long-term follow-up 12 patients became continent without incontinence surgery or medical treatment leaving only 21 patients (7%) incontinent. The risk of developing de novo UI after prolapse surgery with native tissue repair is low and improves over time. Parity is significantly associated with the risk of developing de novo UI. There is no difference in the incidence of de novo incontinence between operations in different compartments. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. The problem of the iridal prolapse during the cataract surgery in patients administering the Tamsulosin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Miloš

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tamsulosin is alfa 1a-adrenergic antagonist administered to patients with prostatic hypertrophy. It causes the relaxation of the smooth muscles of prostate and urinary bladder and results in symptom alleviation. However, Tamsulosin side effect reflects in the atony of pupil's dilatory muscle, and accordingly, the iris during the phacoemulsification becomes folded and prolapses through the phacoemulsification incision. Moreover, there is no possibility of sufficient pupil dilatation because of the predominating effect of the pupillary m. sphincteris. In order to manage the iridal prolapse during the surgery, a special high-cohesive visco-elastic as well as multi-positioned iridal retractors are being used. Case report: This is a case report of three patients. Common to all of them was that they were all males in the advanced age, had benign prostatic hypertrophy, received Tamsulosin and underwent cataract surgery by phacoemulsification. In all three patients, adequately dilated pupils required for unobstructed performance of phacoemulsification could not be achieved by regular medicaments. In addition, in all three cases, the iris prolapsed through the incision during the surgical intervention. Upon applying the viscoelastic and deepening of the anterior ocular chamber as well as after the placement of iridal retractors in different positions, the operation was successfully brought to an end. Conclusion: In patients administering the Tamsulosin, cataract phacoemulsification is more frequently associated with complications. A special problem is a constant iridal prolapse through the incision. Unfortunately, no so far described method for managing this problem has been fully successful, what was confirmed in our case reports as well. Therefore, the operation for cataract in these patients should be carried out only by most experienced and skillful surgeons.

  6. Symptoms of Combined Prolapse and Urinary Incontinence in Large Surgical Cohorts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brubaker, L.; Rickey, L.; Xu, Y.; Markland, A.; Lemack, G.; Ghetti, C.; Kahn, M.; Nagaraju, P.; Norton, P.; Chang, T. D.; Stoddard, A.

    2011-01-01

    Objective To estimate whether prolapse severity is a major contributor to urinary incontinence severity, as measured by validated incontinence questionnaires. Methods We analyzed data from two large female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) surgical cohorts: the Stress Incontinence Surgical Treatment Efficacy Trial (SISTEr) study (N=655) and the subsequent Trial of Mid-Urethral Slings (TOMUS) study (N=597). All participants completed a standardized baseline assessment including validated measures of symptom severity, quality of life, objective measures of urine loss [Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI), Medical, Epidemiologic, and Social Aspects of Aging questionnaire (MESA), Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ) and pad test], as well as the Pelvic Organ Prolapse – Quantification (POP-Q) assessment. Groups were compared using the χ2 test (categorical measures) or the one-way analysis of variance (continuous measures). Statistical significance was defined at p-value incontinence symptoms and were more bothered by their UI, regardless of prolapse stage. Conclusions Prolapse stage is not strongly or consistently associated with incontinence severity in women who select surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence. Prior POP and UI surgery is associated with worse UI severity and bother. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT00064662 and NCT00325039. PMID:20093904

  7. Vaginal reconstructive surgery for severe pelvic organ prolapses: a 'uterine-sparing' technique using polypropylene prostheses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Vita, D; Araco, F; Gravante, G; Sesti, F; Piccione, E

    2008-08-01

    The Ulmsten's "Integral Theory" for pelvic floor dysfunctions is based on the need to reinforce fascias and ligaments with prostheses to obtain a reconstitution of the pelvic floor's anatomy. In September 2004 we developed a "uterine-sparing" surgical technique to correct such pathologies and in this paper we present results obtained. Primary outcome was to evaluate the technique's efficacy, secondary outcomes the resolution of stress urinary incontinence, postoperative pain (VAS scale), safety and complications. This prospective study included patients affected by stage 3 and 4 uterine-vaginal prolapse who wished to conserve their uterus. Those with (1) minor degrees of severity, (2) unfit for surgery, (3) with a clear indication to hysterectomy (i.e. endometrial cancer), (4) with an elevated operative risk (American Society of Anaesthesiologists-ASA score III and IV), (5) previous vaginal surgeries and (6) with moderate/severe defecation problems were excluded. The technique consisted in a sacrospinous colposuspension with polypropylene mesh. The pelvic status was classified according to the international Pelvic Organ Prolapse staging system (POP-Q). Postoperative pain was scored with the VAS Scale. All patients were given the King's Health questionnaire, the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12) and the Wexner questionnaire. From September 2004 to November 2006 we treated 80 patients. Polypropylene prostheses (Gynemesh-Soft PS, 10cmx15cm - GyneMesh, Gynecare Ethicon - Somerville, NJ, USA) were used to reconstruct the pubo-cervix or the recto-vaginal fascia. We performed an anterior-central vaginal reconstruction in 35 (43.8%) patients, central-posterior in 25 (31%) and total reconstruction in 20 (25%). The median follow-up was 21 months (range 18-26). The severe pelvic prolapse, evaluated with the POP-Q System, was completely treated in all the patients and no recurrences were observed. The urodynamic examination showed a

  8. Quality of Life and Sexual Function 2 Years After Vaginal Surgery for Prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukacz, Emily S; Warren, Lauren Klein; Richter, Holly E; Brubaker, Linda; Barber, Matthew D; Norton, Peggy; Weidner, Alison C; Nguyen, John N; Gantz, Marie G

    2016-06-01

    To longitudinally assess the effect of native tissue vaginal apical prolapse repair with anti-incontinence surgery on quality of life, sexual function, and body image between uterosacral and sacrospinous suspensions. A planned secondary analysis was performed on 374 women enrolled in a randomized trial of the two types of native tissue repair for apical prolapse. Condition-specific and generic quality of life, sexual function, overall and de novo dyspareunia, and body image were assessed using validated instruments at baseline; 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively; and changes from baseline were assessed and compared between surgical groups. General linear mixed models were used for comparisons and clinically significant differences were assessed using minimum important differences. Of the women randomized, 82% had outcomes available at 2 years. Overall, clinically and statistically significant improvements in generic and condition-specific quality of life and sexual function were observed after surgery. Dyspareunia rates decreased from 25% to 16% by 24 months with only 3% of all women undergoing treatment. De novo dyspareunia occurred in 5% and 10% by 12 and 24 months, respectively. Body image scores also significantly improved from baseline. There were no clinically meaningful or statistically significant differences between groups for any of these outcomes (all P>.05). Native tissue vaginal prolapse surgery results in statistically and clinically significant improvements in quality of life, sexual function, and body image at 24 months with no significant differences between uterosacral and sacrospinous suspensions. One in 10 women experience de novo dyspareunia but few requested treatment. ClinicalTrials.gov, www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT00597935.

  9. Use of Concomitant Stress Incontinence Surgery at Time of Pelvic Organ Prolapse Surgery Since Release of the 2011 Notification on Serious Complications Associated with Transvaginal Mesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drain, Alice; Khan, Aqsa; Ohmann, Erin L; Brucker, Benjamin M; Smilen, Scott; Rosenblum, Nirit; Nitti, Victor W

    2017-04-01

    There is controversy regarding the performance of concomitant anti-incontinence procedures at the time of pelvic organ prolapse repair. Data support improvement in stress urinary incontinence with a concomitant sling but increased adverse events. We assessed trends in preoperative stress urinary incontinence evaluation, concomitant anti-incontinence procedure at pelvic organ prolapse surgery and postoperative anti-incontinence procedures at our institution before and after the 2011 FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) Public Health Notification pertaining to vaginal mesh. We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who underwent pelvic organ prolapse surgery from 2009 to 2015. Preoperative workup included assessment of subjective stress urinary incontinence and/or evaluation for leakage with reduction of pelvic organ prolapse on physical examination, urodynamics or a pessary trial. The percentages of concomitant and postoperative anti-incontinence procedures were compared before and after the 2011 FDA notification. A total of 775 women underwent pelvic organ prolapse repair. The percentage of anti-incontinence procedures at pelvic organ prolapse repair decreased from 54.8% to 38.0% after the FDA notification (p = 0.002) while the incidence of preoperative objective stress urinary incontinence on examination, urodynamics and pessary trials remained constant. The incidence of postoperative anti-incontinence procedures within 1 year of the index surgery remained low. We found a decrease in the incidence of concomitant anti-incontinence procedures at the time of pelvic organ prolapse repair following the 2011 FDA notification despite no significant decline in subjective stress urinary incontinence or demonstrable stress urinary incontinence on preoperative evaluation. Further analysis is warranted to assess the impact of the FDA notification on treatment patterns in women with pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence. Copyright © 2017 American

  10. A case of laparoscopic surgery for endometrial cancer in a patient previously treated with a transvaginal mesh procedure for pelvic organ prolapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiyoshi Yoshino

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Transvaginal mesh (TVM surgery is an effective treatment option for women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP. Because the TVM procedure preserves the uterus, it is possible for endometrial cancer to occur at a later date. We herein present the first report of such an endometrial cancer, diagnosed well after TVM surgery for POP, and the use of laparoscopic surgery to conduct a simple total hysterectomy to treat it. Keywords: endometrial cancer, laparoscopic surgery, pelvic organ prolapse, transvaginal mesh

  11. The association of pelvic organ prolapse severity and improvement in overactive bladder symptoms after surgery for pelvic organ prolapse

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Mi Sun; Lee, Gee Hoon; Na, Eun Duc; Jang, Ji Hyon; Kim, Hyeon Chul

    2016-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair on overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms in women with POP and the effect of baseline POP severity on improvement in OAB after surgical repair of POP. And we also tried to identify any preoperative factors for persistent postoperative OAB symptoms. Methods A total of 87 patients with coexisting POP and OAB who underwent surgical correction of POP were included and retrospectively analyzed and post...

  12. Risk of venous thromboembolism in patients undergoing surgery for pelvic organ prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hokenstad, Erik D; Habermann, Elizabeth B; Glasgow, Amy E; Occhino, John A

    2016-10-01

    We sought to determine the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) based on surgical approach. The American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was used to select all surgeries performed for POP from 2005 to 2013. CPT-4 codes were grouped based on surgical approach: vaginal (VAG), laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC), or open abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC). Patient demographics, preoperative American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification system scores, and 30-day postoperative complications were obtained. Of the 26,103 women who underwent surgery for POP, 21,311 (81.7 %) underwent VAG, 3,346 (12.8 %) LSC, and 1,426 (5.5 %) ASC. VTE occurred in 36 patients (0.17 %) in the VAG group, 8 (0.24 %) in the LSC group, and 9 (0.63 %) in the ASC group. The ASC group had a significantly higher incidence of VTE compared with the VAG group (p surgery for POP. Although differences in VTE rates between procedure groups failed to maintain statistical significance after multivariate analysis, we were able to identify risk factors associated with an increased VTE risk in surgery for POP. Women with obesity, an increased length of stay, or ASA score of 3 or higher are at an increased risk for developing VTE after undergoing surgery for POP.

  13. Patient reported outcome measures in women undergoing surgery for urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse in Denmark, 2006-2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Rikke Guldberg; Kesmodel, Ulrik Schiøler; Hansen, Jesper Kjær

    2012-01-01

    surgery for urinary incontinence (UI) or pelvic organ prolapse (POP) from 2006 to 2011. Using frequency of symptoms and a visual analogue scale (VAS) both pre- and postoperatively, their severity of symptoms and quality of life were measured by questionnaires. RESULTS: During the study period, 20...

  14. Patients' Knowledge of and Attitude Toward Robotic Surgery for Pelvic Organ Prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Christine M; Agrawal, Anubhav; Mazloomdoost, Donna; Barenberg, Benjamin; Dune, Tanaka J; Pilkinton, Marjorie L; Chan, Robert C; Weber Lebrun, Emily E; Arya, Lily A

    2018-01-24

    Robotic sacrocolpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) has increased, along with marketing and media coverage. It is unknown whether this exposure influences patients' opinions on POP repair. This study describes the preference for and knowledge of robotic surgery in women with POP. We performed a cross-sectional survey of new patients presenting with POP at 7 academic sites. Subjects had no prior surgical counseling. A self-administered questionnaire was designed to investigate robotic surgery knowledge, preference, and exposure. Subjects expressed their preferred route of POP repair (robotic, vaginal, abdominal, laparoscopic, or no preference). Knowledge was determined by the number of correctly answered questions (range, 0-7). Perception of robotic surgery was compared with other surgical routes. One hundred seventy-six subjects were included. Most had no surgical preference (66.3%), whereas 27.3% preferred nonrobotic and 6.4% preferred robotic routes. The mean knowledge score was 2.3 (SD, 1.7). Women preferring robotic surgery were more likely to view it as faster than laparoscopic surgery (P surgery related to blood loss, pain, and organ injury (P > 0.05). Most reported no prior exposure to robotic surgery information (56.2%) or advertisements (65.2%). Those with prior exposure most frequently obtained information via the Internet and encountered hospital advertisements. The majority of women with POP reported no preference for robotic approach to POP surgery. Knowledge about robotic surgery was low, even among subjects who expressed preference. Comprehensive counseling may help patients make informed decisions even when surgical preferences exist.

  15. Abdominal versus vaginal approach for the management of genital prolapse and coexisting stress incontinence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roovers, JPWR; van der Bom, JG; van der Vaart, CH; van Leeuwen, JHS; Heintz, APM

    Patients who undergo surgery because of genital prolapse and coexisting stress incontinence can be treated by a combination of surgical procedures via a unified route. We performed a retrospective study among 47 patients to compare micturition, defecation and prolapse symptoms after surgery, as well

  16. Abdominal versus vaginal approach for the management of genital prolapse and coexisting stress incontinence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roovers, J. P. W. R.; van der Bom, J. G.; van der Vaart, C. H.; Schagen van Leeuwen, J. H.; Heintz, A. P. M.

    2002-01-01

    Patients who undergo surgery because of genital prolapse and coexisting stress incontinence can be treated by a combination of surgical procedures via a unified route. We performed a retrospective study among 47 patients to compare micturition, defecation and prolapse symptoms after surgery, as well

  17. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery among Danish women hysterectomized for benign conditions: age at hysterectomy, age at subsequent POP operation, and risk of POP after hysterectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lykke, Rune; Blaakær, Jan; Ottesen, Bent

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to describe the incidence of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery after hysterectomy from 1977 to 2009, the time interval from hysterectomy to POP surgery, and age characteristics of women undergoing POP surgery after hysterectomy and to estim......INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to describe the incidence of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery after hysterectomy from 1977 to 2009, the time interval from hysterectomy to POP surgery, and age characteristics of women undergoing POP surgery after hysterectomy...

  18. Combined Burch urethropexy and anterior rectopexy in pelvic organ prolapse: skip the mesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pironi, Daniele; Pontone, Stefano; Podzemny, Vlasta; Panarese, Alessandra; Vendettuoli, Maurizio; Mascagni, Domenico; Filippini, Angelo

    2012-10-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common accompaniment of advancing age. Current repair techniques incorporate transvaginal and transabdominal approaches with or without prosthetic mesh insertion. In this paper, we present the short- and medium-term results of a unit policy directed at patients with POP of combined abdominal rectopexy and Burch retropubic urethropexy without the use of prosthetic mesh assessing its safety profile in selected cases. Between January 2009 and January 2011, 16 women with tri-compartmental prolapse who had all undergone prior hysterectomy underwent combined surgical pelvic floor repair. Preoperative symptom assessment by validated questionnaires and clinical examination were pre- and postoperatively recorded. Cures were defined as either optimal or satisfactory outcomes based on combined clinical, radiological examinations and reported patient satisfaction. The mean age of the 16 patients was 57.2 years, and their mean BMI was 28.6 (±5 SD). Pelvic examination revealed a POP-Q stage III prolapse in 12 patients and stage IV in 4 patients. The mean operating time was 57.5 min (range 40-85), with a mean length of hospital stay of 4.5 days. Cystocele and enterocele resolution was noted in every case on dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Our results in a small patient cohort employing a simple 'all-in-one' repair approach combining a retropubic colposuspension with an anterior rectopexy appear to be satisfactory. Further larger randomized studies are required, incorporating a laparoscopic arm in order to determine the longer-term effectiveness of this approach.

  19. Stoma Prolapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özgür Korkmaz

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of prolapse which is a late complication of stoma ranges between 0–25%. In this study the records of the patients who had been treated and followed up with the diagnosis of stoma prolapse between 1995 -2005 in the General Surgery Department of Dicle University Hospital were examined, retrospectively. There were 12 patients (5 men, 7 women with a mean age of 51,6±15.01 years. The causes of stoma construction were malign diseases in 9 patients and benign diseases in 3 of them. The average time between construction of stoma and formation of prolapse was 10,9±6.84 month. The type of stoma was loop in 7 patient, end stoma in 4 patient and double bowel enterostomy in 1 patient. Of nine patients with stoma prolapse had been subjected chemotherapy. The overall rate of stomal prolapsus was 3,1% in this series. It was 10,8% in patients who had received chemoradiotherapy. Since stomal prolasus is a serious complication and its reconstruction needs general anesthesia great care should be shown when creatig a stoma.

  20. Patient Preferences for Abdominal Incisions Used for Pelvic Organ Prolapse Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noor, Nabila; Rahimi, Salma; Pereira, Elena; Treszezamsky, Alejandro; Garely, Alan; Vardy, Michael; Ascher-Walsh, Charles

    2015-01-01

    Approaches for performing sacrocolpopexy (laparotomy, laparoscopy, and robotically assisted) differ with regard to length of surgery, postoperative pain, and cosmetic appearance of skin incisions. The aim of our study is to better understand what factors influence patient preferences for surgical approach. A cross-sectional study was performed using a survey. Females 18 years or older presenting to gynecologic offices were asked to complete a survey that included photographs of patient incisions 6 weeks postoperatively along with a schematic representation of each incision type (laparotomy with low transverse incision, traditional laparoscopy, and robotically assisted). Patients were first asked to rank each incision based on cosmetic appearance only. They were next given varying clinical scenarios associated with each surgical approach and asked if their preference of incision changed. A sample size of 90 subjects was needed in order to detect a 30% difference in incision preference based on appearance with an α of 0.05 and 80% power. One hundred fifty patients completed the survey. Based on cosmetic appearance alone, 70% chose laparoscopic surgery, 23% chose open, and 7% chose the robotic approach (P surgery (65.3%), and length of hospital stay (73.6%). When asked to rank factors important in decision making, complication rate (53.9%) and surgeon experience with the procedure (32.8%) were ranked as most important. Based on cosmetic appearance, patients prefer the laparoscopic approach for abdominal sacrocolpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse surgery. However, complication rates and surgeon experience with the procedure are important factors in the patient's decision making.

  1. Laparoscopic management of fallopian tube prolapse masquerading as adenocarcinoma of the vagina in a hysterectomized woman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kucuk Mustafa

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fallopian tube prolapse as a complication of abdominal hysterectomy is a rare occurrence. A case with fallopian tube prolapse was managed by a combined vaginal and laparoscopic approach and description of the operative technique is presented. Case presentation A 39-year-old woman with vaginal prolapse of the fallopian tube after total abdominal hysterectomy presented with an incorrect diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the vaginal apex. The prolapsed tube and cystic ovary were removed by vaginal and laparoscopic approach. The postoperative course went well. Conclusions Early or late fallopian tube prolapse can occur after total abdominal hysterectomy and vaginal hysterectomy. Symptoms consist of persistent blood loss or leukorrhea, dyspareunia and chronic pelvic pain. Vaginal removal of prolapsed tube with laparoscopic surgery may be a suitable treatment. The abdominal or vaginal approach used in surgical correction of prolapsed tubes must be decided in each case according to the patient's individual characteristics.

  2. The effect of suture characteristics on short-term morbidity after vaginal prolapse surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizon, G; Duckett, J

    2015-01-01

    Previous studies suggest that larger sutures increase the risk of complications after prolapse surgery. This study aimed to assess whether multifilament sutures increased complications compared with monofilament sutures. A series of 100 women with 2/0 multifilament suture were matched by operation to a previous cohort when a size 2/0 monofilament suture was used. Offensive vaginal discharge was more common in the multifilament than in the monofilament group (24% vs. 12%; p = 0.04). However, there was no increased requirement to seek advice from a health professional (33% vs. 25%; p = 0.27) or to require antibiotics. Vaginal bleeding (10% vs. 5%; p = 0.28) and urinary infection (2% vs. 5%; p = 0.44) were statistically no more common in the multifilament 2/0 compared with the monofilament 2/0 group. Multifilament sutures used for closure of the vaginal skin are associated with a clinically non-significant higher incidence of vaginal discharge in the early post-operative period.

  3. Quality of life after Uphold™ Vaginal Support System surgery for apical pelvic organ prolapse-A prospective multicenter study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahkola-Soisalo, Päivi; Altman, Daniel; Falconer, Christian; Morcos, Edward; Rudnicki, Martin; Mikkola, Tomi S

    2017-01-01

    To study the effects on quality of life in women operated for apical pelvic organ prolapse using the Vaginal Uphold™ System. In this prospective cohort study, women (n=207) with symptomatic apical prolapse, with or without cystocele, were operated using the Uphold™ Vaginal Support System. Follow-up for quality of life was performed at 12 months after surgery, and assessed by the PFDI-20, and PFIQ-7, and sexual function by the PISQ-12. We used odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for outcome association analyses using logistic regression. At one-year follow-up majority of women experienced an overall postoperative improvement in quality of life (pquality of life among our patients but worsened overall sexual function postoperatively. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Native tissue repairs in anterior vaginal prolapse surgery: examining definitions of surgical success in the mesh era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Una; Wolff, Erika M; Kobashi, Kathleen C

    2012-07-01

    Native tissue repair of the anterior vaginal wall was thought to have a poor success rate based on anatomic outcome. This high rate of anatomic failure was often quoted as the underlying reason for performing mesh-augmented prolapse repair. The purpose of this article is to review the outcomes of native tissue repair of anterior vaginal prolapse repair in the mesh era. Success in pelvic organ prolapse surgery has been redefined. The contemporary definition of success includes the absence of symptoms associated with a vaginal bulge, which correlates best with a patient's perception of success. When this concept is applied to 12 randomized controlled trials that compared native tissue anterior colporrhaphy and mesh repairs for anterior vaginal wall prolapse, it is apparent that although mesh repair had superior anatomic success (38-93 vs. 27-71%), both mesh and native tissue repair had excellent rates of symptomatic success (75-96 and 62-100%, respectively). Taken together, the overall reoperation rate for native tissue repair was 5.0% compared with 9.0% for mesh-augmented repair. Although anatomic stage 0 results are not achieved in many cases, patients do experience symptomatic relief and improvement in their quality of life, only seeking retreatment in a small proportion of cases with anatomic recurrence. Thus, the definition of success must include subjective symptom-based outcome in addition to anatomic outcome. In addition, the degree of later complications, including additional surgeries, must also be taken into account when defining success based on patient satisfaction.

  5. [Observation on therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion combined with sacral injection on prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yi-jun; Zhou, You-long

    2005-02-01

    To search for an effective method for treatment of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc. Ninety-four cases were randomly divided into a treatment group of 48 cases and a control group of 46 cases. The treatment group were treated by acupuncture and moxibustion combined with sacral injection and the control group with simple sacral injection. Their therapeutic effects were compared. The cured and total effective rates were 64.6% and 97.9% in the treatment group, and 37.0% and 89.1% in the control group, with statistically significant differences between the two groups (both P prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc.

  6. Sacrocolpopexy for treatment of vaginal apical prolapse: evidence-based surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkes, Ilana L; Shveiky, David

    2014-01-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition that negatively affects womens' quality of life. Sacrocolpopexy is an abdominal procedure designed to treat apical compartment prolapse including uterine or vaginal vault prolapse and multiple-compartment prolapse. Although traditionally performed as an open abdominal procedure, minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy, whether laparoscopic or robotic, has been successfully adopted in the practice of many pelvic reconstructive surgeons. There are many variations to this procedure, with different levels of evidence to support each of them. Herein we review the current literature on sacrocolpopexy, with emphasis on the minimally invasive approach. Procedural steps and controversies are examined in light of the existing literature, and recommendations are made on the basis of the level of existing evidence. Copyright © 2014 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Altemeier operation for gangrenous rectal prolapse | Abdelhedi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A stranguled rectal prolapse is a rare cause of intestinal occlusion. It requires emergency surgery. A patient who underwent emergency perineal proctectomy, the Altemeier operation, combined with diverting loop sigmoid colostomy is described. The postoperative course was uneventful, with an excellent final result after ...

  8. Long-term outcome of native tissue reconstructive vaginal surgery for advanced pelvic organ prolapse at 86 months: Hysterectomy versus hysteropexy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Tsia-Shu; Pue, Leng Boi; Hung, Tai-Ho; Wu, Pei-Ying; Tan, Yiap Loong

    2015-07-01

    To evaluate and compare the long-term outcome of sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSF) in combination with various other compartment defect native tissue repairs with hysterectomy or hysteropexy. Medical records of 159 patients who underwent surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) between April 2004 and August 2008 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were assessed at baseline and at 5-year postoperative follow-up. SSF, anterior (AC) and posterior colporrhaphy (PC), both with and without hysterectomy, were performed. Primary outcome was objective cure (POP quantification system [POP-Q] ≤1) and subjective cure (negative response to questions 2 and 3 on Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory 6 [POPDI-6]). Subanalysis was done on patients who had uterus preserved compared with those with vaginal hysterectomy. Postoperative data were available for 146 patients: 120 in the hysterectomy group and 26 in the hysteropexy group. Mean age, parity, postmenopausal status and mean operating time in the hysterectomy group were significantly higher than in the hysteropexy group. At median follow-up of 86 months, objective cure at overall compartments for all patients was 67.8%, and for subjective cure, this was 64.4%. There was no difference in the adjusted odds ratio for objective and subjective cure rates in both groups, but the hysterectomy group had a significantly lower mean total POPDI-6 score. SSF plus AC and PC have a low reoperation rate despite a moderate success rate at 7-year follow-up. There was no difference in the adjusted objective, subjective success rates and sexual function between sacrospinous hysteropexy and hysterectomy. The hysterectomy group, however, had fewer bothersome prolapse symptoms. © 2015 The Authors. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research © 2015 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

  9. Relationship between the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification system (POP-Q), the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ-7), and the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20) before and after anterior vaginal wall prolapse surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rudnicki, Martin

    2015-01-01

    surgery. METHODS: The correlation between POP-Q measurements and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ-7) and Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20) scores was investigated in 164 women 55 years or older scheduled for primary anterior vaginal wall prolapse surgery at baseline and the correlation......The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of correlation between the Pelvic Organ Quantification system (POP-Q) measurements and symptom questionnaire scores before and after surgery. This was a part of a randomized controlled study comparing conventional colporrhaphy with mesh repair...... weak correlations between POP-Q and PFIQ-7, including subscales (r 0.173-0.324, p Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory (POPDI) subscale (r 0.180-0.211, p 

  10. Advances in the surgical management of prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slack, Alex; Jackson, Simon

    2007-03-01

    Prolapse is an extremely common condition, for which 11% of women will have a surgical procedure at some point in their lives. The recurrence rate after most of the traditional surgical procedures is high and upto 29% of women who have had surgery for prolapse will require a further operation. In order to improve the surgical outcome, there is currently much interest in the use of grafts to augment traditional repairs and new procedures have been developed using specifically developed grafts. These have been combined with minimally invasive surgical techniques in an attempt to reduce surgical morbidity. These procedures may improve the outcome of surgery for prolapse. However, there is currently a lack of long-term data from randomized trials to demonstrate their effectiveness and safety.

  11. Technical aspects of mitral valve repair in Barlow's valve with prolapse of both leaflets: triangular resection for excess tissue, sophisticated chordal replacement, and their combination (the restoration technique).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miura, Takashi; Ariyoshi, Tsuneo; Tanigawa, Kazuyoshi; Matsukuma, Seiji; Yokose, Shougo; Sumi, Mizuki; Hisatomi, Kazuki; Tsuneto, Akira; Hashizume, Koji; Eishi, Kiyoyuki

    2015-02-01

    Histological degeneration in Barlow's valve mainly starts in the rough zone, frequently expands toward the chordae, and advances to the clear zone, resulting in a saccular aneurysm-like morphology in the prolapsed region. On this basis, we have repaired the prolapsed segment by triangular resection, chordal replacement and the combination (the restoration technique). The aim of this study was to report our initial findings and evaluate the efficacy of our technique. Twelve patients diagnosed with Barlow's valve with prolapse of both leaflets (5 women; mean age, 49 years) underwent the restoration technique between January 2008 and March 2013. We retrospectively reviewed short-term clinical outcomes. The mean duration of the clinical follow-up was 2.5 ± 1.7 years. The restoration technique was successfully performed in all patients. Predominant repair techniques were isolated triangular resection (anterior 8, posterior 9), a combination of triangular resection with chordal replacement (anterior 1, posterior 1), and isolated chordal replacement (anterior 3, posterior 1). All patients underwent complete mitral annuloplasty, and the mean ring size was 31 ± 2 mm. In-hospital mortality was not noted. Late transthoracic echocardiography showed no or trace mitral regurgitation without significant systolic anterior motion in all patients. The New York Heart Association functional class was significantly improved from 1.3 ± 0.5 before surgery to 1.0 ± 0.0 after it (p < 0.01). There were no late thromboembolic or bleeding events. Initial experience with the restoration technique has provided excellent results without significant systolic anterior motion. Our technique may contribute to improve late results in Barlow's valve.

  12. The prevalence and factors associated with previous surgery for pelvic organ prolapse and/or urinary incontinence in a cross-sectional study in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, T.A. de; Slieker-ten Hove, M.C.; Burger, C.W.; Kluivers, K.B.; Vierhout, M.E.

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and identify the factors associated with previous pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and/or incontinence surgery. STUDY DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, all women who were aged 45-85 years and registered in eight general practices were invited to participate. They

  13. [Prevention of the complications related to the use of prosthetic meshes in prolapse surgery: guidelines for clinical practice - literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deffieux, X; Savary, D; Letouzey, V; Sentilhes, L; Agostini, A; Mares, P; Pierre, F

    2011-12-01

    To provide guidelines for clinical practice from the French College of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians (CNGOF), based on the best evidence available, concerning the adverse events related to surgical procedures involving the use of prosthetic meshes. French and English-language articles from Medline, PubMed, and the Cochrane Database were searched, using key words (mesh ; pelvic organ prolapse ; cystocele ; rectocele ; uterine prolapse ; complications ; adverse event ; sacral colpopexy ; extrusion ; infection...). As with any surgery, it is recommended to provide a perioperative smoking cessation (expert opinion) and comply with the prevention of nosocomial infections (regulatory requirement). There is no evidence to recommend routine local or systemic estrogen therapy before or after prolapse surgery using mesh, regardless of the surgical approach (grade C). Antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended, regardless of the approach (expert opinion). It is recommended to seek a pre-operative urinary tract infection and treat it (expert opinion). The first cases should be made under the guidance of an experienced surgeon in the relevant technique (grade C). It is recommended not to place a non-absorbable synthetic mesh into the rectovaginal septum when a rectal injury occurs (expert opinion). The placement of a non-absorbable synthetic mesh into the vesicovaginal septum may be considered after the suture of a bladder injury if the suture is considered to be satisfactory (expert opinion). If a synthetic mesh is placed by vaginal route, it is recommended to use a macroporous polypropylene monofilament mesh (grade B). It is recommended not to use polyester mesh for vaginal surgery (grade B). It is allowed to perform a hysterectomy associated with the placement of a non-absorbable synthetic mesh placed by vaginal route but this is not routinely recommended (expert opinion). It is recommended to minimize the extent of the colpectomy (expert opinion). Laparoscopic approach is

  14. Prevention of complications related to the use of prosthetic meshes in prolapse surgery: guidelines for clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deffieux, Xavier; Letouzey, Vincent; Savary, Denis; Sentilhes, Loïc; Agostini, Aubert; Mares, Pierre; Pierre, Fabrice

    2012-12-01

    The objective of the study was to provide guidelines for clinical practice from the French College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (CNGOF), based on the best evidence available, concerning adverse events related to surgical procedures involving the use of prosthetic meshes. French and English-language articles from Medline, PubMed, and the Cochrane Database were searched, using key words (mesh; pelvic organ prolapse; cystocele; rectocele; uterine prolapse; complications; adverse event; sacral colpopexy; extrusion; infection). As with any surgery, recommendations include perioperative smoking cessation (Expert opinion) and compliance with the prevention of nosocomial infections (regulatory recommendation). There is no evidence to recommend routine local or systemic estrogen therapy before or after prolapse surgery using mesh, regardless of the surgical approach (Grade C). Antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended, regardless of the approach (Expert opinion). It is recommended to check for pre-operative urinary tract infection and treat it (Expert opinion). The first procedure should be undertaken under the guidance of a surgeon experienced in the relevant technique (Grade C). It is recommended not to place a non-absorbable synthetic mesh into the rectovaginal septum when a rectal injury occurs (Expert opinion). Placement of a non-absorbable synthetic mesh into the vesicovaginal septum may be considered after suturing of a bladder injury if the suture is considered to be satisfactory (Expert opinion). If a synthetic mesh is placed by vaginal route, it is recommended to use a macroporous polypropylene monofilament mesh (Grade B). It is recommended not to use polyester mesh for vaginal surgery (Grade B). It is permissible to perform hysterectomy associated with the placement of a non-absorbable synthetic mesh placed by the vaginal route but this is not routinely recommended (Expert opinion). It is recommended to minimize the extent of the colpectomy (Expert opinion). The

  15. Laparoscopic correction of right transverse colostomy prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gundogdu, Gokhan; Topuz, Ufuk; Umutoglu, Tarik

    2013-08-01

    Colostomy prolapse is a frequently seen complication of transverse colostomy. In one child with recurrent stoma prolapse, we performed a loop-to-loop fixation and peritoneal tethering laparoscopically. No prolapse had recurred at follow-up. Laparoscopic repair of transverse colostomy prolapse seems to be a less invasive method than other techniques. © 2013 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  16. Stubborn rectal prolapse in systemic sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, Sven; Tobisch, Alexander; Puhl, Gero; Kötter, Ina; Wollina, Uwe

    2017-01-01

    Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune connective tissue disorder. Anorectal involvement might typically cause fecal incontinence and rarely rectal prolapse. Here we report three female patients, who were admitted with a mean history of 10 years suffering from SSc. All patients presented with the initial symptom of anal incontinence, in all cases this was associated with rectal intussusception or rectal prolapse. The three women faced prolapse recurrence, independent of the initial procedure. After surgical removal of the prolapse, the incontinence remained. In SSc rectal prolapse syndrome might occur at an earlier age, and a primary prolapse of the ventral aspect of the rectal wall seems to be typical for this disease. If patients with prior diagnosis of SSc appear with third degree of fecal incontinence, it is suspected to be associated with rectal prolapse. The prolapse recurrence rate after surgery in SSc patients is high.

  17. Role of robotics in managing mesh and suture complications of prior pelvic organ prolapse surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, Michael N; O'Sullivan, Orfhlaith E; O'Reilly, Barry A

    2017-03-01

    Robotic surgery is proving essential in providing a minimally invasive approach to complex urogynaecological cases. This video highlights the diversity and complexity of cases performed using the robot-assisted approach. The robot-assisted approach was utilised for excellent effect in two complex urogynaecological cases. In the first case the entire left arm of an intravesically placed TVT was removed using a combined vaginal and robotic approach. The second case involved removing four paravaginal sutures, one of which breeched the bladder and was encrusted with calculus. These were placed during a laparoscopic paravaginal repair 2 years previously. She had a concomitant vaginal hysterectomy, Mc Calls culdoplasty and anterior wall repair. The robot-assisted approach allows for excellent access to the pelvis and retropubic space facilitating the surgical management of complex urogynaecology cases.

  18. [Clinical observation on pricking blood along meridians combined with electroacupuncture for treatment of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Xiao-Hu; Xie, Xiao-Kun; Liu, Xue-Ni

    2010-12-01

    To observe the therapeutic effects on pricking blood along meridians combined with electroacupuncture for treatment of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc. One hundred cases were randomly divided into an observation group (50 cases) and a control group (50 cases). The observation group was treated with pricking blood along meridians combined with electroacupuncture. The main points for pricking blood were collaterals with blood stasis around Weizhong (BL 40) on the affected side, and collaterals with blood stasis on corresponding meridians such as Foot Shaoyang Meridian, Foot Taiyang Meridian and Foot Yangming Meridian according to body parts syndrome differentiation could also be used. The points for electroacupuncture included Ashi point (1 cun away from the spinal space of segmental lesions), Dachangshu (BL 25), Guanyuanshu (BL 26), Zhibian (BL 54), Huantiao (GB 30) and so on. The control group was only treated with electroacupuncture and treatment was same as the observation group. The therapeutic effects and scores of Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of two groups were compared. The cured rate of observation group (68.0%, 34/50) was higher than that of control group (46.0%, 23/50, P prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc.

  19. Effects of Duhuojisheng Tang and combined therapies on prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc: a systematic review of randomized control trails.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Yanxu; Cui, Jingyan; Huang, Minghua; Meng, Kai; Zhao, Yuhao

    2013-04-01

    A systematic review of the literature was conducted to evaluate the curative effect and safety of Duhuojisheng Tang on prolapse of the lumbar intervertebral disc. The databases of PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) and Chinese Medical Citation Index (CMCI) were searched up to January 30, 2012. Randomized controlled trials were selected to compare Duhuojisheng Tang with one or more of the following treatments: traction, acupuncture, massage, cupping and Western medical treatment. The quality-evaluating standard and the software RevMan 5.1 in Cochrane coordinative net were used to analyze the data. The effective indexes of the results were clinical curative rate, effectiveness of alleviating clinical symptoms and adverse reaction. Thirty-one randomized controlled trials of low quality, involving 3915 patients were systematically evaluated. Statistical analyses showed that good curative effect was achieved in both the group using Duhuojisheng Tang alone and with combined therapies. Using Duhuojisheng Tang alone or combined with other therapies can effectively improve pain, leg-raising height and other clinical symptoms of patients with prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc. Due to low methodological quality of the articles, no exact recommendations can be made.

  20. Quality of life after Uphold™ Vaginal Support System surgery for apical pelvic organ prolapse-A prospective multicenter study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rahkola-Soisalo, Päivi; Altman, Daniel; Falconer, Christian

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To study the effects on quality of life in women operated for apical pelvic organ prolapse using the Vaginal Uphold™ System. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective cohort study, women (n=207) with symptomatic apical prolapse, with or without cystocele, were operated using the Uphold™ Vaginal...

  1. Uterine prolapse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tightening the pelvic floor muscles using Kegel exercises helps to strengthen the muscles and reduces the risk of developing uterine prolapse. Estrogen therapy after menopause may help with vaginal ...

  2. The timing of surgery in lumbar disc prolapse: A systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashutosh B Sabnis

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Herniation of nucleus pulposus leading to leg pain is the commonest indication for lumbar spine surgery. However, there is no consensus when to stop conservative treatment and when to consider for surgery. A systematic review of literature was done to find a consensus on the issue of when should surgery be performed for herniation of nucleus pulposus in lumbar spine was conducted. Electronic database searches of Medline, Embase and Pubmed Central were performed to find articles relating to optimum time to operate in patients with herniation of nucleus pulposus in lumbar spine, published between January 1975 and 10 December 2012. The studies were independently screened by two reviewers. Disagreements between reviewers were settled at a consensus meeting. A scoring system based on research design, number of patients at final followup, percentage of patients at final followup, duration of followup, journal impact factor and annual citation index was devised to give weightage to Categorize (A, B or C each of the articles. Twenty one studies fulfilled the criteria. Six studies were of retrospective design, 13 studies were of Prospective design and two studies were randomized controlled trials. The studies were categorized as: Two articles in category A (highest level of evidence, 12 articles in category B (moderate level of evidence while seven articles in Category C (poor level of evidence. Category A studies conclude that duration of sciatica prior to surgery made no difference to the outcome of surgery in patients with herniation of nucleus pulposus in the lumbar spine. Ten out of 12 studies in Category B revealed that longer duration of sciatica before surgery leads to poor results while 2 studies conclude that duration of sciatica makes no difference to outcome. In category C, five studies conclude that longer duration of sciatica before surgery leads to poor outcome while two studies find no difference in outcome with regards to duration of

  3. Vaginal vault prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzoma, Azubuike; Farag, K A

    2009-01-01

    Introduction. Vaginal vault prolapse is a common complication following vaginal hysterectomy with negative impact on women's quality of life due to associated urinary, anorectal and sexual dysfunction. A clear understanding of the supporting mechanism for the uterus and vagina is important in making the right choice of corrective procedure. Management should be individualised, taking into consideration the surgeon's experience, patients age, comorbidities, previous surgery and sex life. Result. Preexisting pelvic floor defect prior to hysterectomy is the single most important risk factor for vault prolapse. Various surgical techniques have been advanced at hysterectomy to prevent vault prolapse. Studies have shown the McCall's culdoplasty under direct visualisation to be superior. Vault prolapse repair rely on either the use of patient's tissue or synthetic materials and can be carried out abdominally or vaginally. Sacrospinous fixation and abdominal sacrocolpopexy are the commonly performed procedures, with literature in favour of abdominal sacrocolpopexy over sacrospinous fixation due to its reported higher success rate of about 90%. Other less commonly performed procedures include uterosacral ligament suspension and illiococcygeal fixation, both of which are equally effective, with the former having a high risk of ureteric injury. Colpoclesis will play a greater role in the future as the aging population increases. Mesh procedures are gaining in popularity, and preliminary data from vaginal mesh procedures is encouraging. Laparoscopic techniques require a high level of skill and experience. There are many controversies on the mechanism of prolapse and management techniques, which we have tried to address in this article. Conclusion. As the aging population increases, the incidence of prolapse will also rise, older techniques using native tissue will continue, while new techniques using the mesh needs to be studied further. The later may well be the way forward

  4. Prolapsed Anorectal Melanoma

    OpenAIRE

    Savlania, Ajay

    2013-01-01

    Anorectal melanoma is a rare malignancy of anorectal region. Often the diagnosis is delayed because of rare entity and confusion with benign disorders like haemorrhoids. There have been only a few cases reported and the optimum management for this condition is still in dilemma, however prompt diagnosis is essential for early curative surgery. We are presenting this case, due to rare presentation of prolapse of anorectal melanoma.

  5. Risk factors and management of vaginal mesh erosion after pelvic organ prolapse surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Yung-Wen; Su, Tsung-Hsien; Wang, Hsuan; Huang, Wen-Chu; Lau, Hui-Hsuan

    2017-04-01

    Mesh erosion is a serious and not uncommon complication in women undergoing vaginal mesh repair. We hypothesized that mesh erosion is associated with the patient's comorbidities, surgical procedures, and mesh material. The aims of this study were to identify the risk factors and optimal management for mesh erosion. All women who underwent vaginal mesh repair from 2004 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Data on patients' characteristics, presenting symptoms, treatment and outcomes were collected from their medical records. A total of 741 women underwent vaginal mesh repairs, of whom 47 had mesh erosion. The median follow-up period was 13 months (range 3-84 months). Another nine patients with mesh erosion were referred form other hospitals. Multivariate analysis revealed that concomitant hysterectomy (odds ratio 27.02, 95% confidence interval 12.35-58.82; p erosion. Of these 56 women, 20 (36%) were successfully treated by conservative management, while 36 (64%) required subsequent surgical revision. Compared with surgery, conservative treatment was successful if the size of the erosion was smaller than 0.5 cm (p erosions after primary revision, but all successfully healed after the second surgery. Concomitant hysterectomy and hypertension were associated with mesh erosion. In the management of mesh erosion, conservative treatment can be tried as the first-line treatment for smaller erosions, while surgical repair for larger erosions. Recurrent erosions could happen and requires repairs several times. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  6. A randomised controlled trial comparing abdominal and vaginal prolapse surgery: effects on urogenital function

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roovers, Jan-Paul W. R.; van der Vaart, C. Huub; van der Bom, Johanna G.; van Leeuwen, Jules H. Schagen; Scholten, Piet C.; Heintz, A. Peter M.

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of vaginal hysterectomy (combined with anterior and/or posterior colporraphy) and abdominal sacro-colpopexy (with preservation of the uterus) on urogenital function. DESIGN: Randomised trial. SETTING: Three teaching hospitals in The Netherlands. POPULATION:

  7. Altemeier operation for gangrenous rectal prolapse

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-08-03

    Aug 3, 2014 ... Incarceration rarely complicates the chronically pro gressive form of fullthickness rectal prolapse. Even more rarely does the rectum become strangulated, necessitating emergency surgery. The case of a. 70yearold man who presented with strangulated rectal prolapse and was managed successfully with ...

  8. [Obstructive anuria secondary to uterine prolapse].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez Alonso, A; González Blanco, A; Cachay Ayala, M E; Bonelli Martín, C i; Porta Vila, A; Lorenzo Franco, J; Cuerpo Pérez, M A; Nieto García, J

    2002-10-01

    The prevalence of obstructive uropathy linked to uterine prolapse ranges between 4% and 80%, depending on the series, probably due to the varying degree of severity of the prolapses under consideration. Renal failure or anuria is an unusual complication. Several etiopathogenic theories regarding obstructive uropathy secondary to prolapse have been put forward: ureteral compression by the uterine vessels, severe urethral angulation, ureteral compression against levator ani muscles and the elongation and narrowing of the distal ureter. The major radiological exploration used in studying the urinary tract of these patients is intravenous urography in bipedestation. Emergency treatment for obstructive anuria resulting from a uterine prolapse consists of manually replacement of the prolapse. Surgery is considered to be the definitive ideal treatment, although in the case of surgical or anaesthetic high risk patients, inserting a permanent pessary may constitute a satisfactory solution. We present a case of obstructive anuria resulting from uterine prolapse, which was successfully treated with the insertion of a ring pessary.

  9. Management of apical pelvic organ prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alas, Alexandriah N; Anger, Jennifer T

    2015-05-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse is a prevalent condition, with up to 12 % of women requiring surgery in their lifetime. This manuscript reviews the treatment options for apical prolapse, specifically. Both conservative and surgical management options are acceptable and should be based on patient preferences. Pessaries are the most commonly used conservative management options. Guided pelvic floor muscle training is more beneficial than self-taught Kegel exercises, though may not be effective for high stage or apical prolapse. Surgical treatment options include abdominal and vaginal approaches, the latter of which can be performed open, laparoscopically, and robotically. A systematic review has demonstrated that sacrocolpopexy has better long-term success for treatment of apical prolapse than vaginal techniques, but vaginal surgery can be considered an acceptable alternative. Recent data has demonstrated equal efficacy between uterosacral ligament suspension and sacrospinous ligament suspension at 1 year. To date, two randomized controlled trials have demonstrated equal efficacy between robotic and laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. Though abdominal approaches may have increased long-term durability, when counseling their patients, surgeons should consider longer operating times and increased pain and cost with these procedures compared to vaginal surgery. • Pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) with a physical therapist is the best approach to conservative management of apical prolapse [10]. • Pessaries should be managed with regular follow-up care to minimize complications [14•]. • Minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy appears as effective as the gold standard abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) [42•]. • Robotic assisted sacrocolpopexy (RASC) and laparoscopic assisted sacrocolpopexy (LASC) are equally effective and should be utilized by pelvic floor surgeons based on their skill level and expertise in laparoscopy [44, 45•]. • Uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) and

  10. Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography incremental value in a case with a rare combination of tricuspid valve prolapse and rheumatic mitral valve stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hani M. Mahmoud

    2015-06-01

    Conclusion: The tricuspid valve is a complex structure. 2D-TTE and TEE is not usually enough for complete delineation of the anatomy and pathology of the tricuspid valve. 3D-TEE has an incremental value in providing informative en-face view of the three leaflets of the tricuspid valve that facilitates precise determination of its anatomy and pathology. This is a rare case of unusual combination between tricuspid valve prolapse and rheumatic mitral valve stenosis.

  11. [Effect of hallux-trampling combined with Yaotongling suppository on microcirculation in treating lumbar intervertebral disc prolapse].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chong; Luo, Cai-Gui; Luo, Jian

    2008-10-01

    To observe the effect of hallux-trampling (HT) combined with Yaotongling suppository (YS) on the microcirculation at waist region and lower limbs in treating patients with lumbar intervertebral disc prolapse (LIDP), and to preliminarily explore its mechanism. Adopting randomized, double-blinded medicine and single-blinded manipulation controlled method, 108 patients with LIDP of cold-accumulation and blood-stasis syndrome were assigned equally to 3 groups in random. Group A was treated with HT plus YS, Group B treated with HT plus placebo suppository, and Group C treated with YS plus mock HT. After 2-week treatment, the changes in score of symptoms and signs as well as the microcirculation at various site-points of waist and lower limbs were observed before and after treatment. The total scores of symptoms and signs after treatment in Group A, B and C was 7.340 +/- 4.627, 9.543 +/- 4.745 and 10.086 +/- 4.631 respectively, which was significantly lowered as compared with those before treatment respectively (P < 0.05). Significant difference of microcirculation between pre- and post-treatment was shown at all site-points in Group A and B (P < 0.05), but only shown at the site-points of lower limbs in Group C, so significant difference (P < 0.05) was shown when compared the microcirculation in Group A or B with that in Group C (P < 0.05). HT combined YS in treating LIDP could markedly improve the microcirculation at waist and lower limbs to correct the nutritional disturbance of nerve root, and the improvement of microcirculation is correlated with the changes of clinical symptoms and signs.

  12. A predictive factor in overactive bladder symptoms improvement after combined anterior vaginal wall prolapse repair: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Dong Min; Ryu, Young Woo; Lee, Yong Taec; Ahn, Seung Hyun; Han, June Hyun; Yum, Seung Hee

    2012-06-01

    We aimed to determine whether a preoperative urodynamic parameter is a valuable predictor for the persistence of OAB symptoms after the AVP repair. 65 OAB patients with concomitant POP-Q stage III, IV anterior vaginal wall prolapse underwent a surgical repair were involved. All the patients were subjected to a preoperative urodynamic study, for whom the OABSS on questionnaire were preoperatively recorded. We firstly analyzed the correlation between the BOOI and the OABSS, then randomly divided patients into two groups: the group A (high PdetQmax, BOOI≥20) and the group B (low PdetQmax, BOOI<20). In each group, the OABSS was repeatedly measured post-operatively and the change were analyzed. 31 patients were classified as the group A and 34 patients were classified as the group B. The group B showed significant decrease of symptom score in daytime frequency (p<0.01), urgency (p=0.04), urge incontinence (p=0.03), nocturnal frequency (p=0.01) and total score (p=0.01). The group A showed no significant decrease of symptom score in daytime frequency (p=0.42), urgency (p=0.61), urge incontinence (p=0.3), total score (p=0.15) except nocturnal frequency (p=0.01). A preoperative pressure-flow study can be a valuable tool in predicting the OAB symptoms change after the combined AVP repair. While the AVP repair leads to the improvement of OAB symptoms generally, some patients with a higher preoperative PdetQmax are still in need of the additional medical treatment.

  13. Robot-assisted laparoscopic rectovaginopexy for rectal prolapse: a prospective cohort study on feasibility and safety

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Draaisma, W.A.; Nieuwenhuis, D.H.; Janssen, L.W.M.; Broeders, I.A.M.J.

    Robotic systems may be particularly supportive for procedures requiring careful pelvic dissection and suturing in the Douglas pouch, as in surgery for rectal prolapse. Studies reporting robot-assisted laparoscopic rectovaginopexy for rectal prolapse, however, are scarce. This prospective cohort

  14. [Correlation of subjective and objective assessment of vaginal prolapse surgery - secondary analysis of randomized controlled study in patients with pelvic floor injury treated with vaginal mesh or with sacrospinous ligament fixation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Švabík, K; El Haddad, R; Mašata, J; Hubka, P; Martan, A

    2015-10-01

    We had provided secondary analysis of our randomized controlled study comparing vaginal mesh with sacrospinous fixation for vaginal prolapse. We correlated data from subjective and objective assessment. Secondly we had provided correlations results of subjective and objective assessment between patient with anatomical failure and those without. The aim of this analysis was to provide correlation between objective and subjective outcome measures. Subanalysis of randomized controlled study. Obstetric Gynecology Department, First Faculty of Medicine of Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague. This is secondary analysis of single center randomized controlled study comparing two standard procedures for vaginal prolapse after hysterectomy in patients with levator avulsion injury. We had analyzed pre- and postoperative subjective POPDI score (Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory) and correlated this score with most prolapsed portion of vaginal wall. We had compared all vaginal compartments using POPQ (Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification): anterior wall with point Ba, apical with point C, and posterior with point Bp. Subsequently we compared subjective POPDI score in group of patients with anatomical failure and those without. We had included in randomized study 70 women. Mean preoperative POPDI score was 65.25 (3.57-200). We didnt found any correlation between subjective score and objective assessment in preoperative data: POPDI vs. Ba (p = 0.75) POPDI vs. C (p = 0.57) a POPDI vs. Bp (p = 0.22) and no correlation in postoperative assessment. Postoperative POPDI score decreased to 26.1, but there was no difference in POPDI score in woman with anatomical failure and no failure - 17.4 vs. 23.3 (p = 0.64)CONCLUSION: Secondary analysis of randomized controlled study had shown that objective and subjective assessment have poor correlation. We didnt found any correlation between degree of prolapse and intensity of complains. The large inter

  15. Conservative prevention and management of pelvic organ prolapse in women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagen, Suzanne; Stark, Diane

    2011-12-07

    -intervention. Further evidence relating to effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of PFMT, of different intensities, for symptomatic prolapse in the medium and long term is needed. A large trial of PFMT supplementing surgery is needed to give clear evidence about the usefulness of combining these treatments. Other comparisons which have not been addressed in trials to date and warrant consideration include those involving lifestyle change interventions, and trials aimed at prolapse prevention.

  16. Mitral valve prolapse

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... mitral valve prolapse is called "mitral valve prolapse syndrome," and includes: Chest pain (not caused by coronary artery disease or a heart attack) Dizziness Fatigue Panic attacks Sensation of feeling the heart beat ( palpitations ) ...

  17. The predictive value of demonstrable stress incontinence during basic office evaluation and urodynamics in women without symptomatic urinary incontinence undergoing vaginal prolapse surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Ploeg, J. Marinus; Zwolsman, Sandra E.; Posthuma, Selina; Wiarda, Hylco S.; van der Vaart, C. Huub; Roovers, Jan-Paul W. R.

    2017-01-01

    Women with pelvic organ prolapse without symptoms of urinary incontinence (UI) might demonstrate stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with or without prolapse reduction. We aimed to determine the value of demonstrable SUI during basic office evaluation or urodynamics in predicting SUI after vaginal

  18. Factors influencing success of pelvic organ prolapse repair using porcine dermal implant Pelvicol.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, T.A. de; Gietelink, D.A.; Hendriks, J.C.M.; Vierhout, M.E.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors influencing pelvic organ prolapse (POP) recurrence after repair surgery with a porcine dermal collagen implant (Pelvicol). STUDY DESIGN: From December 2003 to August 2005, 78 patients with mainly stage 3 pelvic organ prolapse by the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification

  19. Combined aniridic intraocular lens implantation and vitreoretinal surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehta Hitendra

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A 45-year-old man presented with post-traumatic aniridia. We describe the combined surgery done to treat both aniridia and epiretinal membrane simultaneously. A combined aniridia intraocular lens and vitreoretinal surgery was done. The case report highlights the advantage of combined surgery in terms of cost factor and surgical time.

  20. A randomized study of combining maze surgery for atrial fibrillation with mitral valve surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jessurun, ER; Van Hemel, NM; Defauw, JJ; De La Riviere, AB; Stofmeel, MAM; Kingma, JH; Ernst, JMPG

    Aim Mitral valve surgery seldom suppresses atrial fibrillation (AF), present prior to surgery. Maze III surgery eliminates AF in >80% of cases, the reason why combining this procedure with mitral valve surgery in patients with AF seems worthwhile. We prospectively studied the outcome of combining

  1. Prevention and management of pelvic organ prolapse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giarenis, Ilias

    2014-01-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse is a highly prevalent condition in the female population, which impairs the health-related quality of life of affected individuals. Despite the lack of robust evidence, selective modification of obstetric events or other risk factors could play a central role in the prevention of prolapse. While the value of pelvic floor muscle training as a preventive treatment remains uncertain, it has an essential role in the conservative management of prolapse. Surgical trends are currently changing due to the controversial issues surrounding the use of mesh and the increasing demand for uterine preservation. The evolution of laparoscopic and robotic surgery has increased the use of these techniques in pelvic floor surgery. PMID:25343034

  2. [Results of combined endotrabeculectomy and phacoemulsification surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novytskyy, I Ya; Novytskyy, M I

    2015-01-01

    to identify indications and evaluate the efficacy of combined endotrabeculectomy and phacoemulsification surgery. A total of 172 patients (193 eyes) with open-angle glaucoma and cataract were enrolled. Group 1 included 102 patients (118 eyes), who were considered surgical candidates due to decompensation of IOP, group 2--70 patients (75 eyes), in whom IOP control could only be achieved with a multidrug regimen (two or more ocular hypotensive medications). The mean preoperative IOP measured with Maklakov tonometer was 26.4 ± 1.8 mmHg in group 1 and 20.5 ± 1.7 mmHg in group 2. In 134 eyes the extent of retention of intraocular fluid was determined intraoperatively by provoking blood reflux into Schlemm's canal. In 6 out of 134 eyes (4.5%) Schlemm's canal was not at all filled with blood, which was considered a contraindication for endotrabeculectomy. Partial filling of Schlemm's canal with blood was observed in 26 out of 134 eyes (19.4%), complete--in 102 eyes (76.1%). All but 6 patients underwent endotrabeculectomy (ab interno trabecular excision with original forceps through the anterior chamber angle) combined with cataract phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. In 11 out of 126 cases, insignificant bleeding occurred during sample acquisition. No other complications were registered. Six months after the surgery, IOP was reduced by the mean of 7.0 ± 0.6 mmHg (26.5% from the baseline) in group 1 and by 2.2 ± 0.2 mmHg (10.7% from the baseline) in group 2. The number of hypotensive medications by that time has been decreased from 2.3 ± 0.3 to 0.8 ± 0.2 in group 1 and from 1.6 ± 0.3 to 0.4 ± 0.1 in group 2. Combined endotrabeculectomy and phacoemulsification surgery is a pathogenically oriented procedure, which improves ocular hydrodynamics and has a significant hypotensive effect.

  3. Urethral pressure reflectometry in women with pelvic organ prolapse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khayyami, Yasmine; Lose, Gunnar; Klarskov, Niels

    2017-01-01

    INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The mechanism of continence in women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) before and after surgery remains unknown. Urethral pressure reflectometry (UPR) separates women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) from continent women by measuring urethral opening pressure...

  4. Rectal prolapse in infancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, N; Rasmussen, L; Klaaborg, K E

    1986-01-01

    , such as submucosal injection of sclerosing agents, is recommended to be the first method of choice because pathoanatomically the prolapse in infancy is frequently a prolapse of the mucosa, in patients where this therapy does not succeed, a Lockhart-Mummery operation may be an alternative....

  5. Surgically Treated Symptomatic Prolapsed Lumbar and Sacral ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The intention of this study is to share the experience of the author in the occurrence, possible causative factors, and treatment of surgically symptomatic prolapsed lumbar and sacral intervertebral discs in females, and to compare this experience in Switzerland, Nigeria, and Jamaica using surgery records for a period of over ...

  6. Clinical challenges in the management of vaginal prolapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siddiqui NY

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Nazema Y Siddiqui, Autumn L EdenfieldDivision of Urogynecology and Reconstructive Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USAAbstract: Pelvic organ prolapse is highly prevalent, and negatively affects a woman’s quality of life. Women with bothersome prolapse may be offered pessary management or may choose to undergo corrective surgery. In choosing the most appropriate surgical procedure, there are many factors to consider. These may include the location(s of anatomic defects, the severity of prolapse symptoms, the activity level of the woman, and concerns regarding the durability of the repair. In many instances, women and their surgeons are challenged to weigh the risks and benefits of native tissue versus mesh-augmented repairs. Though mesh-augmented repairs may offer better durability, they are also associated with unique complications, such as mesh erosion. Furthermore, newer surgical techniques of mesh placement via abdominal or vaginal routes may result in different outcomes compared to traditional techniques. Biologic grafts may also be considered to improve durability of a surgical repair, while avoiding potential complications of synthetic mesh. In this article, we review many of the clinical challenges that gynecologic surgeons face in the surgical management of vaginal prolapse. Furthermore, we review data that can help guide decision making when treating women with pelvic organ prolapse.Keywords: pelvic organ prolapse, vaginal prolapse, surgery, sacrocolpopexy, sacrospinous ligament fixation, transvaginal mesh, uterosacral ligament suspension

  7. [Observation on therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture combined with Chinese herbs for treatment of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc of yang deficiency and cold coagulation type].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lan; Liu, Lei-geng; Lü, Ming; Ran, Wei-jun

    2009-08-01

    To search for an effective therapy for prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc of yang deficiency and cold coagulation type. One hundred and twenty-six cases were randomly divided into a combined electroacupuncture and Chinese herb group (n=49), an electroacupuncture group (n=42) and a Chinese herb group (n=35). The combined electroacupuncture and Chinese herb group was treated with electroacupuncture at Dachangshu (BL 25), Guanyuanshu (BL 26), Xiaochangshu (BL 27) and Yaoyangguan (GV 3) and oral administration of Chinese herbs for cold-removing and yang-invigorating. The electroacupuncture group was treated with the same electroacupuncture treatment alone and the Chinese herb group with the same self Chinese herbs alone. The therapeutic effects were observed after treatment for 20 days, and the recurrence rates were followed up at 180 days after the last treatment among the three groups. The cured-markedly effective rate was 79.6% in the combined electroacupuncture and Chinese herb group, 54.8% in the electroacupuncture group and 51.4% in the Chinese herb group, the combined electroacupuncture and Chinese herb group being significantly better than both the electroacupuncture group and the Chinese herb group (both P0.05). The recurrence rate after 180 days was 15.4% in the combined electroacupuncture and Chinese herb group, 83.3% in the electroacupuncture group and 80.0% in the Chinese herb group, with more obvious decrease in the combined electroacupuncture and Chinese herb group (both Pprolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc of yang deficiency and cold coagulation type.

  8. Nerve root prolapse into a spinal arachnoid cyst--an unusual cause of radiculopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangala, Jaypal Reddy; Uribe, Juan S; Park, Paul; Martinez, C; Vale, Fernando L

    2009-06-01

    Arachnoid cysts are rare lesions of the spine and can present with myelopathy, radiculopathy, local pain or a combination of these symptoms. Nerve root prolapse into an arachnoid cyst causing radiculopathy has not been reported before. We report a nerve root prolapse into a spinal arachnoid cyst presenting clinically as radiculopathy. An 18-year-old female patient presented with mid-back pain, right anterior thigh pain and hip flexor weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography (CT) myelography revealed an arachnoid cyst at T12-L1 level on the right side. At surgery, a nerve root was seen prolapsing into an extradural arachnoid cyst. The nerve root was replaced back into dural sac and the dural defect closed. At 20 months of follow-up, the patient continues to be asymptomatic with no evidence of recurrence on imaging. Replacing the prolapsed nerve root into the dural sac with meticulous closure of the dural defect could lead to good clinical outcome. We propose a modification to the popular classification of these lesions to better rationalize their surgical management. Classification of extradural arachnoid spinal cysts (Nabors's type 1) should be based on the presence or absence of dural communication. Sacral meningoceles (Nabors' type 1B) should be excluded from the classification as they have free communication with the thecal sac and are not true spinal cysts.

  9. Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse: abdominal and vaginal approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cvach, Kristina; Dwyer, Peter

    2012-08-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common condition, affecting women of all ages. Both abdominal (open and laparoscopic) and vaginal approaches are utilised by the surgeon to achieve the best result for the patient. The aim of this review is to evaluate the most common surgical techniques used to correct POP based on current evidence and our experience. PubMed was searched using the following terms: 'pelvic organ prolapse; vaginal prolapse surgery; abdominal prolapse surgery'. These studies were complimented by our personal experience in diagnosing and treating women with prolapse. Current evidence suggests that attention to the apical compartment is paramount to decrease the risk of recurrent POP. Apical procedures include abdominal sacrocolpopexy (hysteropexy), vaginal uterosacral ligament suspension and sacrospinous ligament suspension. The use of vaginal polypropylene mesh is controversial but may have a place in repair of recurrent prolapse, particularly of the anterior compartment. The vaginal approach has a lower morbidity and is appropriate especially in the elderly or medically compromised. The abdominal sacrocolpopexy or sacrohysteropexy is our preferred procedure when vaginal capacity is reduced and ongoing sexual function is important, or when fertility and future pregnancies are desired. POP is a complex condition requiring individualised patient care. The pelvic surgeon needs to be proficient in a number of different prolapse surgical techniques so that surgical treatment can be tailored to patient needs.

  10. Surgery for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... organs. Targeting specific symptoms may be another option. Kegel exercises may be recommended in addition to symptom- ... Inability to control bodily functions such as urination. Kegel Exercises: Pelvic muscle exercises that assist in bladder ...

  11. What to Do With Recurrent Prolapse After Vaginal Mesh Failure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norinho de Oliveira, Paula; Bourdel, Nicolas; Rabischong, Benoit; Canis, Michel; Botchorishvili, Revaz

    2016-02-01

    To show that in selected cases laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy can be used for the treatment of recurrent pelvic organ prolapse after vaginal mesh surgery. Step-by-step examination of the technique using an educative video. Institutional review board approval was obtained. The authors describe two clinical cases of treatment of recurrent pelvic organ prolapse, after a vaginal mesh surgery, using laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. A 56-year old patient (para 3, gravida 2) presented with the sentation of bulging in the vagina. On physical examination, the patient had a grade 2-3 vaginal apical prolapse and a stage 4 rectocele. She had a slight mesh contraction but no vaginal extrusion and no pain were reported. Eleven years before, she had a vaginal total hysterectomy for pelvic organ prolapse correction and one year before she had a vaginal prolapse repair using a synthetic mesh. A laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy with bilateral ooforectomy was performed. The second case is of a 54-year old patient (para 2, gravida 2) that presented stress urinary incontinence. On physical examination, the patient had a grade 3 uterine prolapse and grade 2 cystocele. Eleven years before she had a vaginal prolapse repair using a synthetic mesh and a miduretral sling for stress urinary incontinence. Two years before, she had the miduretal sling removed for recurrent urinary infections and dysuria. A laparoscopic sub-total hysterectomy with salpingectomy and ovarian conservation, sacrocolpopexy and a Burch colposuspension was performed. The procedures and postoperative recovery were uneventful. No minor or major complications occurred. The patients were discharged three days after surgery. Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy is a promising approach for the treatment of recurrent pelvic organ prolapse after vaginal mesh surgery. It appears to be feasible, safe, and effective. Copyright © 2016 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Combined stress urinary incontinence surgery at the time of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-09-18

    Sep 18, 2009 ... a pessary, Sims speculum, cotton swab, vaginal packing or .... ASCP = open abdominal sacrocolpopexy; SUI = stress urinary incontinence; POP = pelvic organ prolapse; UI = urinary incontinence; UDS = urodynamic studies; SD = standard ... is an increased association between anterior mesh repairs.

  13. Abdominal approaches to pelvic prolapse repairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollard, Matthew E; Eilber, Karyn S; Anger, Jennifer T

    2013-07-01

    Abdominal sacrocolpopexy has been considered the gold standard for vaginal vault prolapse repair for several decades. Although transvaginal approaches gained popularity as minimally invasive alternatives, complications related to the use of vaginal mesh have led surgeons to perform these repairs less frequently. By incorporating laparoscopic and robotic techniques into the traditional open abdominal sacrocolpopexy, surgeons can offer the benefits of minimally invasive surgery while avoiding risks of vaginal mesh. This review article aims to evaluate the efficacy and outcomes of abdominal sacrocolpopexy by comparing open, laparoscopic, and robotic assisted laparoscopic surgery. The excellent outcomes of open abdominal sacrocolpopexy have repeatedly been shown in published, randomized data. This has been further validated in minimally invasive techniques through randomized data evaluating the outcomes of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. Among the various sacrocolpopexy techniques, outcomes are similar among the open, laparoscopic, and robotic approaches. Minimally invasive surgeries have been shown to have advantages in terms of perioperative morbidity. The superior outcomes of abdominal sacrocolpopexy are available using minimally invasive techniques for pelvic organ prolapse repair. Further research with randomized data is required to establish how these approaches compare to each other. Given the inherent advantages of minimally invasive surgery, robotic or laparoscopic abdominal sacrocolpopexy may become the preferred approach to abdominal pelvic organ prolapse repair.

  14. [Stapled hemorrhoidopexy in the treatment of hemorroidal prolapse].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conzo, G; Buffardi, R; Brancaccio, U; Astarita, G; Palazzo, A; Esposito, M G; Celsi, S

    2004-01-01

    In the treatment of hemorroidal prolapse, stapled hemorrhoidopexy, according to the Longo's technique, represents an innovative and interesting procedure. The Authors consider own experience in the years 2001-2002, estimating preliminary results in the treatment of 50 patients affected by hemorrhoidal disease classified as III-IV grade, associated with mucosal prolapse, rectocystocele in 5 cases, anal fissures in 6 and hyperplastic polyp in 1. The patients were submitted to mucosal prolapsectomy with mechanical stapler (PPH 01-33 Ethicon), applying haemostatic stitch on suture line, apart from intraoperative bleeding, associated to closed anal sphincterotomy in 6 cases, and resection of anal hyperplasic polyp in 1. In 5 cases of rectocystocele a Burch's culposuspension was associated to a stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR). After 3 and 12 months the Authors performed ano-rectoscopy, anal manometry and defecography. Mean operative time was 45 minutes (range 20'-130') and mean hospital stay was 3 days (range 2-6 days). In the early postoperative course urinary ritention in 4 cases, treated with temporary catheterization in 3 and permanent for 72 hours in 1, was observed. Only 1 patient, was reoperated in day-surgery and with loco-regional anesthesia for residual fibrous hemorroid. Bleeding, severe pain, anal stenosis, impairment of continence were not observed. According to the Literature data, our experience confirm that mucoprolapsectomy represents an innovative, safe, simple and definitive operation in the treatment of hemorrhoids disease. In case of rectal prolapse associated to external fibrous hemorroids, a combined surgical treatment is requested in order to achieve better results.

  15. Combined surgical procedures using laparoendoscopic single-site surgery approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palanivelu, C; Ahluwalia, Jasmeet Singh; Palanivelu, Praveenraj; Palanisamy, Senthilnathan; Vij, Anirudh

    2013-08-01

    As our experience with laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgeries increased, we considered how it might be employed if two or more surgeries were to be combined. LESS surgeries' cosmetic advantages, decreased parietal trauma and better patient satisfaction relative to standard multiport laparoscopy have been previously reported, but its special role in combined surgeries has never been stressed. In this series, we present the advantages of LESS procedure over multiport laparoscopy in combined surgical procedures. To the best of our knowledge, this has never been reported before. A retrospective analysis of 27 patients was performed. The patients underwent combined LESS procedures between February 2010 and January 2012 at GEM Hospital, Coimbatore, India. All patients were of ASA grade 1 or 2. Patients with previous surgery in the umbilical region were not offered single-incision surgery. We successfully performed 27 combined LESS procedures over a span of 2 years. Twenty patients were women and seven were men. Mean age was 35.94 years (range, 10-66 years). Mean BMI was 27.2. There were no major intraoperative complications. Mean blood loss was 45.7 mL (range, 0.0-120.0 mL). Mean postoperative hospital stay was 3.08 days (range, 1-5 days). When a suitable case of multiple pathologies is encountered and LESS surgery is feasible for all of them, performing LESS surgery not only has cosmetic advantages over standard laparoscopy, but it also avoids the need for additional ports to achieve adequate visualization and access. All quadrants of the abdomen remain under reach through umbilicus. © 2013 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  16. Combined Cataract and Glaucoma Surgery: An assessment of 68 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To assess the best corrected visual acuity and average intraocular pressure at 6 months and one (1) year in patients with cataracts in glaucoma that had combined trabeculectomy and cataract surgery with lens implantation. Methods: A retrospective review of the case notes of patients who underwent combined ...

  17. Mitral Valve Prolapse

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... State SELECT YOUR LANGUAGE Español (Spanish) 简体中文 (Traditional Chinese) 繁体中文 (Simplified Chinese) Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese) Healthy Living for Heart.org ... valve syndrome . What happens during MVP? Watch an animation of mitral valve prolapse When the heart pumps ( ...

  18. Small Bowel Prolapse (Enterocele)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Hoffman BL, et al. Pelvic organ prolapse. In: Williams Gynecology. 3rd ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2016. http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com. Accessed Oct. 1, 2017. What are kegel exercises? National Association for Continence. https://www.nafc.org/ ...

  19. Refractive outcomes of combined cataract and glaucoma surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzu, Jonathan H; Shah, Christopher T; Galor, Anat; Junk, Anna K; Sastry, Ananth; Wellik, Sarah R

    2015-02-01

    This study was designed to evaluate the refractive outcomes of combined cataract extraction and glaucoma surgery. Retrospective case series. A retrospective chart review of patients undergoing simultaneous cataract extraction with trabeculectomy or glaucoma drainage device surgery was performed. The main outcome measure evaluated was whether or not spherical equivalent of -1.00 to +0.50 D was achieved at 3 to 6 months postoperatively. Secondary outcomes included: reduction in intraocular pressure, amount of cylinder induced by combined surgery, and individual patient characteristics that may have affected refractive outcome. Outcomes were compared with an age-matched and sex-matched control group of patients who had uncomplicated cataract surgery during the same time period. Forty-three eyes of 36 patients underwent combined cataract extraction and glaucoma surgery. A refractive outcome of spherical equivalent between -1.00 and +0.50 D was achieved in 32 of 43 eyes (74%) at 3 to 6 months after surgery. Logistic regression analysis found a 1.14 increased risk of the refraction being outside this defined refractive range in older compared with younger patients (by year, 95% CI, 1.04-1.27). Type of lens implant used, type of glaucoma surgery, and preoperative best-corrected visual acuity did not significantly affect refractive outcome. In a subset of 22 eyes with available preoperative keratometry measures, a mean 1.31 D (SD=0.86; range, 0.26 to 3.76) of corneal astigmatism was induced by combined surgery. In comparison, a matched control group who had cataract surgery alone achieved target refractive outcome in 34 of 40 eyes (85%, P=0.001) and had a trend for less induced cylinder (0.99, SD=0.72, P=0.11). Favorable refractive outcomes were achieved in the majority of patients despite the potential alteration of preoperative measurements and introduction of error into lens selection when using a combined approach. There does not seem to be a difference in the

  20. [Diagnostics and surgery of combined lung echinococcosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vafin, A Z; Diad'kov, A V; Aĭdemirov, A N; Malanka, M I; Abdokov, A D

    2013-01-01

    An analysis of surgical treatment of 162 patients with lung echinococcosis was made. The main group consisted of 74 patients with combined forms of echinococcosis of the lung and other organs. They were treated in clinic in the period of time since 1982 till 2011 years. The control group included of 88 patients with echinococcosis of lung and the patients were followed-up in the period of time since 1991 till 2000. Plasma technology was applied in all patients of control group. The patients from main group (25) were operated by using the conventional methods and 49 patients - with the application of plasma technology. An analysis shows a reliable reduction of the rate of postoperative complications after application of plasma technology in 4 times. The lethality significantly decreased in this group of patients.

  1. Avaliação do impacto da correção cirúrgica de distopias genitais sobre a função sexual feminina Impact of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse on female sexual function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Siqueira Prado

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar as repercussões das cirurgias de correção de distopia genital sobre a função sexual feminina, bem como os resultados anatômicos pós-operatórios, e detectar possíveis correlações entre eles. MÉTODOS: estudo prospectivo realizado entre outubro de 2004 e setembro de 2006. Foram incluídas 43 mulheres sexualmente ativas com distopia genital com indicação de cirurgia de reconstrução do assoalho pélvico. No pré-operatório e três e seis meses após a cirurgia, as pacientes responderam ao questionário de avaliação do comportamento sexual e escalas analógicas para quantificação do grau de desejo, excitação e satisfação, além de se submeterem a exame físico para graduação da distopia genital. Para análise dos resultados, utilizaram-se os testes de simetria de Bowker, Wilcoxon, t de Student, chi2 e análise de variância (ANOVA, quando indicados, com limite de significância estatística de 5% (pPURPOSE: to identify the impact of pelvic reconstructive surgery on female sexual function, as well as the changes in vaginal anatomy, and to detect possible correlations between them. METHODS: a prospective, descriptive study, including 43 sexually active women with genital dystopy, undergoing surgery for pelvic organ prolapse, conducted between October 2004 and September 2006. The women completed the same multiple-choice questionnaire regarding sexual function, and analogic scales to quantify the degree of desire, arousal and satisfaction, and were clinically assessed using the pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q staging system, before the surgery and three and six months after it. Statistical analysis was performed through the Bowker test for symmetry, Wilcoxon test, Student t test, chi2 and analysis of variance (ANOVA as appropriate, with statistical significance set at 5% (p<0.05. RESULTS: all 43 women completed the follow-up at three and six months after the surgery, but two of them lost their

  2. Combined stress urinary incontinence surgery at the time of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-09-18

    Sep 18, 2009 ... ing occult SUI. The prolapsed organ is reduced and the patient is observed for urinary leakage on exertion. This is the so-called 'stress test'. It is important to perform this reduction test at a bladder volume of about 300 ml. Reduction can be performed by manual reduction or with a pessary, Sims speculum, ...

  3. Combined surgery versus cataract surgery alone for eyes with cataract and glaucoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Mingjuan Lisa; Hirunyachote, Phenpan; Jampel, Henry

    2016-01-01

    Background Cataract and glaucoma are leading causes of blindness worldwide, and their co-existence is common in elderly people. Glaucoma surgery can accelerate cataract progression, and performing both surgeries may increase the rate of postoperative complications and compromise the success of either surgery. However, cataract surgery may independently lower intraocular pressure (IOP), which may allow for greater IOP control among patients with co-existing cataract and glaucoma. The decision between undergoing combined glaucoma and cataract surgery versus cataract surgery alone is complex. Therefore, it is important to compare the effectiveness of these two interventions to aid clinicians and patients in choosing the better treatment approach. Objectives To assess the relative effectiveness and safety of combined surgery versus cataract surgery (phacoemulsification) alone for co-existing cataract and glaucoma. The secondary objectives include cost analyses for different surgical techniques for co-existing cataract and glaucoma. Search methods We searched CENTRAL (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group Trials Register) (2014, Issue 10), Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid MEDLINE In-Process and Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE Daily, Ovid OLDMEDLINE (January 1946 to October 2014), EMBASE (January 1980 to October 2014), PubMed (January 1948 to October 2014), Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature Database (LILACS) (January 1982 to October 2014), the metaRegister of Controlled Trials (mRCT) (www.controlled-trials.com), ClinicalTrials.gov (www.clinicaltrials.gov), and the World Health Organization (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) (www.who.int/ictrp/search/en). We did not use any date or language restrictions in the electronic searches for trials. We last searched the electronic databases on 3 October 2014. We checked the reference lists of the included trials to identify further relevant trials. We used the Science

  4. Vaginal Vault Prolapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azubuike Uzoma

    2009-01-01

    Vault prolapse repair rely on either the use of patient's tissue or synthetic materials and can be carried out abdominally or vaginally. Sacrospinous fixation and abdominal sacrocolpopexy are the commonly performed procedures, with literature in favour of abdominal sacrocolpopexy over sacrospinous fixation due to its reported higher success rate of about 90%. Other less commonly performed procedures include uterosacral ligament suspension and illiococcygeal fixation, both of which are equally effective, with the former having a high risk of ureteric injury. Colpoclesis will play a greater role in the future as the aging population increases. Mesh procedures are gaining in popularity, and preliminary data from vaginal mesh procedures is encouraging. Laparoscopic techniques require a high level of skill and experience. There are many controversies on the mechanism of prolapse and management techniques, which we have tried to address in this article. Conclusion. As the aging population increases, the incidence of prolapse will also rise, older techniques using native tissue will continue, while new techniques using the mesh needs to be studied further. The later may well be the way forward in future.

  5. Combined Cataract and Glaucoma Surgery: An assessment of 68 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Combined Cataract and Glaucoma Surgery: An assessment of 68 eyes in an eye hospital in Lagos, Nigeria ... Objective: To assess the best corrected visual acuity and average intraocular pressure at 6 months and one (1) ... needles which are now available enabling good wound closure. With an improvement in surgical ...

  6. Analysis Of 1058 Lumbar Prolapsed Intervertebral Disc Cases In Two Tertiary Care Hospitals Of Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junaid, Muhammad; Rashid, Mamoon Ur; Afsheen, Afeera; Bukhari, Syed Sarmad; Kalsoom, Anisa

    2016-01-01

    Characteristics of Prolapsed Intervertebral Disc (PID) in two tertiary care hospitals of Pakistan. The objective of this was to study the demographic characteristics of lumbar PID by age, gender, clinical presentation, levels of spinal column involvement, treatment options and post-operative complications for lumber disc prolapse. One thousand and fifty eight cases (708 males, 350 females) of prolapsed intervertebral disc over six years between January 2009 and December 2014 were studied for location of prolapsed disks, gender, age, clinical presentation, treatment options and complications of surgery. Of the determined locations L5/S1 was the commonest (34.6%), followed by L4/L5 (33.4%). 24.2%of the patients had prolapsed disks at 2 levels (L3/L4, L4/L5 andL4/L5, L5/S1). Prolapsed disc was commonest in the 31-49 year age group. Male were mostly affected with male to female ratio of 2.02%. Most common surgery performed was discectomy with fenestration (60.64% of total surgeries performed) and most common postoperative complication being mechanical backache (4.8%). Prolapsed intervertebral disc is common in the lower lumbar region at the level of L4/L5 and L5/S1. The outcome of the patients who underwent surgery is very good with 92.19% of patients, being free of postoperative complications.

  7. Neovaginal Prolapse in Male-to-Female Transsexuals: An 18-Year-Long Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Bucci

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Neovaginal prolapse is a rare and distressing complication after male-to-female sexual reassignment surgery. We retrospectively analysed the prevalence of partial and total neo-vaginal prolapses after sexual reassignment surgery in our institute. During the years, two different techniques have been adopted with the aim of fixing the neovaginal cylinder. In the first, two absorbable sutures are placed at the top of the penoscrotal cylinder and fixed to the Denonvilliers fascia. In the second, two additional sutures are added from the posterior/midpoint of the flap to the prerectal fascia. We enrolled 282 consecutive transsexual patients. 65 (23.04% out of the 282 were treated with the first technique and the following 217 (76.96% with the last technique. In the first technique, 1 case (1.53% of total prolapse and 7 cases (10.76% of partial prolapse were observed, while in the other 217 patients treated with the second technique only 9 cases of partial prolapse were observed (4.14% and no cases of total prolapse. All prolapses occurred within 6 months from the procedure. In our experience, the use of 4 stitches and a more proximal positioning of the sutures to fix the penoscrotal apex with the Denonvilliers fascia guarantees a lower risk of prolapse.

  8. Occult incontinence in women with pelvic organ prolapse - does it matter?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jundt K

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective Many surgeons perform an anti-incontinence procedure during prolapse surgery in women in whom occult stress urinary incontinence has been demonstrated. Others prefer a two-step approach. It was the aim of the study to find out how many women really need a second operation and if a positive cough stress test with the prolapse reduced is associated with the development of stress urinary incontinence after prolapse surgery. Methods 233 women were operated for primary or recurrent prolapse without complaining of SUI. Preoperatively, 53/233 women had a full urogynecological workup with the prolapse reduced. Postoperatively, if the patient suffered from stress urinary incontinence, an anti-incontinence surgery was performed. Results 19/53 (35.8% women who had a stress test with the prolapse reduced before surgery were defined as occult stress incontinent. Only 3 women (15.8% of these 19 women developed symptoms of incontinence after prolapse surgery and had to be operated because of that. 18/233 (7.7% complained of SUI 6 weeks to 6 months after surgery and received a TVT-tape. Conclusion The incidence of stress urinary incontinence manifesting after prolapse surgery is low in this study with 7.7%. This fact and the possible severe side effects of an incontinence operation justify a two-step approach if the patient is counseled and agrees. However, there is a small subgroup of women (3/19, 15.8% with preoperative OSUI and SUI after surgery, who would benefit from a one-step approach. Further research is required to identify these women before surgical intervention.

  9. The 12-month effects of structured lifestyle advice and pelvic floor muscle training for pelvic organ prolapse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Due, Ulla; Brostrøm, Søren; Lose, Gunnar

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the 12-month effects of adding pelvic floor muscle training to a lifestyle advice program in women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse stage II-III and the number of women who had sought further treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a 12-month follow up...... of a randomized controlled trial comparing a structured lifestyle advice program alone (lifestyle group) or in combination with pelvic floor muscle training (training and lifestyle group). Both programs consisted of six separate group sessions within 12 weeks. RESULTS: Data were available from 83 (76%) of the 109...... surgery. More severe anterior prolapse and more bladder symptoms at the 3-month follow up were significantly associated with having sought further treatment in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: At 12-month follow up, the effects of adding pelvic floor muscle training to a structured lifestyle advice program were...

  10. Results of macular hole surgery combined with PEA and IOL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumagai, K; Ogino, N

    2001-09-01

    We evaluated the factors affecting closure and postoperative visual acuity, as well as complications among idiopathic macular hole surgery cases comprising 631 eyes in 576 patients. Almost all the surgeries were combined with simultaneous intraocular lens surgery (triple surgery). In some cases, the standard method was accompanied by internal limiting membrane peeling around the macular hole or abrasion of retinal pigment epithelium at the base of the macular holes. We found that male gender and short eye axial length were associated with closure and postoperative visual acuity. Although the frequency of peripheral retinal tears during surgery was high, the frequency of postoperative retinal detachment was less than 2%. The reopening frequency was about 5% among all cases, and was highest among eyes that underwent the abrasion method. There were no other significant complications. Internal limiting membrane peeling is effective for treatment of cases with unfavorable preoperative conditions. However, the standard method is sufficiently effective for cases with favorable preoperative conditions. Further analysis is required to evaluate postoperative visual function by methods other than visual acuity. Further study of internal limiting membrane peeling, as a treatment alternative, is also required.

  11. Pelvic Organ Prolapse: New Concepts in Pelvic Floor Anatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maldonado, Pedro A; Wai, Clifford Y

    2016-03-01

    As the field of reconstructive pelvic surgery continues to evolve, with descriptions of new procedures to repair pelvic organ prolapse, it remains imperative to maintain a functional understanding of pelvic floor anatomy and support. The goal of this review was to provide a focused, conceptual approach to differentiating anatomic defects contributing to prolapse in the various compartments of the vagina. Rather than provide exhaustive descriptions of pelvic floor anatomy, basic pelvic floor anatomy is reviewed, new and historical concepts of pelvic floor support are discussed, and relevance to the surgical management of specific anatomic defects is addressed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. INTRAOCULAR LENS POSITION IN COMBINED PHACOEMULSIFICATION AND VITREORETINAL SURGERY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozates, Serdar; Kiziltoprak, Hasan; Koc, Mustafa; Uzel, Mehmet Murat; Teke, Mehmet Yasin

    2017-10-09

    To assess the decentration and angle of tilt of the intraocular lens (IOL) according to the intravitreal tamponade types used in combined phacoemulsification and vitreoretinal surgery. This prospective and randomized clinical study involved 73 eyes of 69 patients who underwent combined vitreoretinal surgery. Eyes with intravitreal tamponades formed the study group and eyes without intravitreal tamponades formed the control group. The study group was further divided into silicone oil and gas tamponade subgroups. Cross-sectional IOL images were captured using a Pentacam HR (Oculus, Germany) and tilt and decentration were calculated with Adobe Photoshop software (Adobe, San Jose, CA). The mean angle of tilt and decentration at the vertical meridian were significantly higher in both tamponade groups than in the control group (P 0.05). When comparing the silicone oil and gas tamponade subgroups, no significant differences were noted on the position of IOL at both meridians (P > 0.05 for all). Intravitreal tamponades have an important effect on the position of IOL in combined vitreoretinal surgery. Silicone oil and gas tamponades may induce postoperative tilt and decentration of one-piece acrylic IOLs.

  13. Bio-Thiersch as an Adjunct to Perineal Proctectomy Reduces Rates of Recurrent Rectal Prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eftaiha, Saleh M; Calata, Jed F; Sugrue, Jeremy J; Marecik, Slawomir J; Prasad, Leela M; Mellgren, Anders; Nordenstam, Johan; Park, John J

    2017-02-01

    The rates of recurrent prolapse after perineal proctectomy vary widely in the literature, with incidences ranging between 0% and 50%. The Thiersch procedure, first described in 1891 for the treatment of rectal prolapse, involves encircling the anus with a foreign material with the goal of confining the prolapsing rectum above the anus. The Bio-Thiersch procedure uses biological mesh for anal encirclement and can be used as an adjunct to perineal proctectomy for rectal prolapse to reduce recurrence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Bio-Thiersch procedure as an adjunct to perineal proctectomy and its impact on recurrence compared with perineal proctectomy alone. A retrospective review of consecutive patients undergoing perineal proctectomy with and without Bio-Thiersch was performed. Procedures took place in the Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery at a tertiary academic teaching hospital. Patients who had undergone perineal proctectomy and those who received perineal proctectomy with Bio-Thiersch were evaluated and compared. All of the patients with rectal prolapse received perineal proctectomy with levatorplasty, and a proportion of those patients had a Bio-Thiersch placed as an adjunct. The incidence of recurrent rectal prolapse after perineal proctectomy alone or perineal proctectomy with Bio-Thiersch was documented. Sixty-two patients underwent perineal proctectomy (8 had a previous prolapse procedure), and 25 patients underwent perineal proctectomy with Bio-Thiersch (12 had a previous prolapse procedure). Patients who received perineal proctectomy with Bio-Thiersch had a lower rate of recurrent rectal prolapse (p Bio-Thiersch had a lower recurrence over time versus perineal proctectomy alone (p Bio-Thiersch as an adjunct to perineal proctectomy may reduce the risk for recurrent rectal prolapse and can be particularly effective in patients with a history of previous failed prolapse procedures.

  14. Combined cataract surgery and aniridia ring implantation in oculocutaneous albinism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farahi, Azadeh; Hashemi, Hassan; Mehravaran, Shiva

    2015-11-01

    To present results of cataract surgery combined with aniridia ring implantation in patients with oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) in terms of vision, refraction, eye movements, and subjective photophobia and glare. Anterior segment services of Noor Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Consecutive clinical case series study. Enrolled patients underwent phacoemulsification and posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC IOL) implantation and had 2 Morcher aniridia rings (types 50 F or 50 E) inserted intracapsularly. Preoperative and postoperative examinations included tests for visual acuity, manifest refraction, measurement of ocular alignment, and electronystagmography. After surgery, patients also completed a questionnaire to subjectively assess glare reduction. Twelve eyes of 6 OCA patients were included. Minimum follow-up was 6 months. None of the patients had any intraoperative or postoperative complications. In addition to improved uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity and significant reduction of refractive error, all patients had a marked reduction of glare and photophobia after surgery. Iris ring implantation during cataract surgery was an effective procedure for increasing vision and reducing glare disability in patients with OCA. In light of the results and patients' expressed satisfaction, a study should be performed to assess the outcomes of refractive lens exchange along with implantation of a PC IOL and prosthetic iris device in OCA patients seeking refractive correction. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  15. The results of ab interno laser thermal sclerostomy combined with cataract surgery versus trabeculectomy combined with cataract surgery 6 to 12 months postoperatively.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendrick, R; Kollarits, C R; Khan, N

    1996-07-01

    When cataract surgery and glaucoma surgery are combined, the theoretical advantages of pressure control, removal of the visual impairment, and protection against an increase in intraocular pressure (IOP) in the immediate postoperative period are gained. The authors' objective was to determine whether ab interno laser thermal sclerostomy (LTS) combined with cataract surgery would be as effective as trabeculectomy combined with cataract surgery. Ab interno LTS was compared with trabeculectomy, retrospectively, for patients who had undergone combined cataract and glaucoma surgery. There was no significant difference in the numbers of patients using no medications or fewer medications at 6 and 12 months. There was a greater reduction in IOP in the LTS group. LTS may be better than trabeculectomy in combined cataract and glaucoma surgery because it reduces the IOP more. Compared with trabeculectomy, LTS is simpler to perform and adds less operating time to cataract surgery. Continued follow-up is recommended.

  16. New surgical approach for gastric bezoar: "hybrid access surgery" combined intragastric and single port surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Son, Taeil; Inaba, Kazuki; Woo, Yanghee; Pak, Kyung-Ho; Hyung, Woo Jin; Noh, Sung Hoon

    2011-12-01

    Regarding the removal of a gastric bezoar, laparoscopic surgery was performed and it was shown that the laparoscopic approach is safe and feasible. However, the laparoscopic method has the risk of intraabdominal contamination, when the gastric bezoar is retrieved from the gastric lumen in the peritoneal cavity. We developed and applied a new procedure for the removal of the gastric bezoar using one surgical glove and two wound retractors as a fashion of intragastric single port surgery. Herein we present this new minimal invasive procedure, so named "hybrid access surgery" which involves the use of existing devices and overcomes the weakness of laparoscopic removal of the gastric bezoar. Our new procedure, combining the concept of intragastric and single port access, is acceptable and feasible to retrieve the gastric bezoar. In the future, this procedure may be one of the alternative procedures for retrieving gastric bezoar even when it is incarcerated in the pylorus.

  17. An unusual presentation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa blebitis following combined surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shabana Bharathi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of blebitis that occurred 3 years later following a combined glaucoma and cataract surgery. It was an atypical presentation, as patient had no classical fiery looking signs of blebitis despite the isolated organism being Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Improvized surgical techniques like use of Mitomycin C, releasable flap sutures though considered as part of the recommended procedure for better surgical outcomes, their role as potential risk factors for visually blinding complications like endophthalmitis are often overlooked. This case report throws light on such risk factors for bleb associated infections and recommends removal or trimming of all releasable sutures and the need for a regular postoperative follow-up.

  18. [Chronic renal failure secondary to uterine prolapse].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peces, R; Canora, J; Venegas, J L

    2005-01-01

    Acute and chronic renal failure secondary to bilateral severe hydroureteronephrosis is a rare sequela of uterine prolapse. We report a case of neglected complete uterine prolapse in a 72-year-old patient resulting in bilateral hydroureter, hydronephrosis, and chronic renal failure. In an attempt to diminish the ureteral obstruction a vaginal pessary was used to reduce the uterine prolapse. Finally, surgical repair of prolapse by means of a vaginal hysterectomy was performed. In conclusion, all patients presenting with complete uterine prolapse should be screened to exclude urinary tract obstruction. If present, obstructive uropathy should be relieved by the reduction or repair of the prolapse before irreversible renal damage occurs.

  19. Oestrogens for treatment or prevention of pelvic organ prolapse in postmenopausal women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismail, Sharif I; Bain, Christine; Hagen, Suzanne

    2010-09-08

    Pelvic organ prolapse is common and can be detected in up to 50% of parous women although many are asymptomatic. Oestrogen preparations are used to improve vaginal thinning (atrophy). It is possible that oestrogens, alone or in conjunction with other interventions, might prevent or assist in the management of pelvic organ prolapse, for example by improving the strength of weakened supporting structures. To determine the effects of oestrogens or drugs with oestrogenic effects alone, or in conjunction with other treatments, both for prevention and treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Register of trials (searched 6 May 2010), MEDLINE (January 1950 to April 2010) as well as reference lists of relevant articles. Randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials that included the use of any oestrogens or drugs with oestrogenic (or anti-oestrogenic) actions for pelvic organ prolapse. Trials were assessed and data extracted independently by two review authors. Three trials and one meta-analysis of adverse effects of a further three trials were identified. One trial did not provide useable data. Two trials included 148 women with prolapse, one included 58 postmenopausal women and the meta-analysis reported a mixed population (women with and without prolapse) of postmenopausal women (N=6984). The meta analysis and one other small trial investigated the effect of selective oestrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) for treatment or prevention of osteoporosis but also collected data of the effects on prolapse. Interventions included oestradiol, conjugated equine oestrogen and two (SERMs), raloxifene and tamoxifen. Only one small trial addressed the primary outcome (prolapse symptoms).One small treatment trial of oestradiol for three weeks before prolapse surgery found a reduced incidence of cystitis in the first four weeks after surgery but this unexpected finding needs to be confirmed in a larger trial.A meta-analysis of

  20. Mini-laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for apical and posterior female pelvic organ prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaganje, Mija; Lutfallah, Fouad; Deval, Bruno

    2016-07-01

    Mini-laparoscopic surgery is the future for most laparoscopic procedures. Although already applied in some gynaecological surgical interventions, this video is to our knowledge the first publication on the use of the mini-laparoscopic approach to sacrocolpopexy for apical and posterior pelvic organ prolapse following total hysterectomy. The concept of mini-laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy presented in this video article was performed on 12 women with post-hysterectomy apical and posterior pelvic organ prolapse using mini-laparoscopic instruments and ports of 3 mm in diameter combined with a 12-mm umbilical port. Surgery was performed with the same principles as for the conventional laparoscopic procedure. The mean operating time was 70 min (SD ± 12). The tensile strength of the mini-laparoscopic instruments allowed appropriate manipulation of tissue consistent with that of conventional instruments. No difficulties or complications were experienced in comparison to a conventional technique. All patients were discharged from hospital on day 1 postoperatively. The effectiveness, safety and feasibility of the mini-laparoscopic surgical technique was applied to sacrocolpopexy. Because of the initial favourable experience, the mini-laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy could become more widely used in the future.

  1. Uterine Prolapse, Mobile Camp Approach and Body Politics in Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhusudan Subedi

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Various studies show that more than 600,000 women in Nepal are suffering from prolapsed uterus and that 200,000 of those needed immediate surgery. Many of the women with prolapse could recall the exact moment they first felt the prolapse and found difficulty to share the problems due to fear of stigma. Stories ranged from seven days immediately after the first delivery to after the birth of the fifth or sixth child; during cooking rice to sneezing and long coughing; fetching water in a big bucket to working in the field. If detected at an early stage, uterine prolapse (UP can be controlled by pelvic exercises. For severe cases, the remedy is to insert a ring pessary to stop it from descending which has to be changed every four months. In extreme cases, uterine tissue protrudes from the vagina causing extreme discomfort. The only remedy is hysterectomy in which the uterus is surgically removed. The operation costs are about NRs 20,000. The Government of Nepal and other donor organizations have allocated funds to provide services to about 10,000 to 12,000 women suffering from uterine prolapse as humanitarian support each year and services are likely to be expanded in future. Women suffering from UP have not been able to get benefit from such assistance due to deep rooted socio-cultural perceptions and practices. The number of suffering women, on the other hand, would not decrease from existing curative management policy without hammering the root causes of UP. Moreover, a clear vision and strategy is needed to shift from humanitarian aid to a more sustainable public health intervention.Keywords: Camp Approach; Humanitarian Aid; Socio-cultural Practices; Sustainable Policy; Uterine Prolapse DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v4i0.4511 Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.4 2010 pp.21-40

  2. Treatment of Endometrial Cancer in Association with Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asama Vanichtantikul

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Uterine malignancy coexistent with pelvic organ prolapse (POP is uncommon and standardized treatment is not established. The objective of this case study was to highlight the management of endometrial cancer in association with pelvic organ prolapse. Case Report. An 87-year-old woman presented with POP Stage IV combined with endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterus: clinical Stage IV B. She had multiple medical conditions including stroke, deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism. She was treated with radiotherapy and pessary was placed. Conclusion. Genital prolapse with abnormal uterine bleeding requires proper evaluation and management. Concurrent adenocarcinoma and POP can be a difficult clinical situation to treat, and optimum management is controversial.

  3. Rectal prolapse associated with a healed pelvic fracture in a pregnant free-ranging African black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis. Part 2 : surgery and necropsy : case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Olivier

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available The oedematous and traumatised protruding section of the rectal tissue of an adult free-ranging female African black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis was surgically amputated. Immediately before completion of surgery, the rhinoceros died of anaesthetic-related cardiac arrest. At necropsy a deformed pelvis and sacrum associated with a healed fracture of the left ileal wing were noted. New bone formation in and around the left ventral sacral foramina may have resulted in neuropathy of particularly the 3rd and 4th left ventral sacral nerves, which (in the horse supply the majority of the nerve fibres innervating the caudal rectum and anus. The cause of the injury is not known, although back injuries, presumably sustained during mating by bulls, have been recorded in white rhinoceros. An encounter with elephants could also have been responsible for the injury in this case.

  4. Rectal Lipoma Associated with Genital Prolapse

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    intestine. We present the case of a 58‑year‑old post‑menopausal lady presenting with rectal bleeding and utero‑vaginal prolapse. The prolapsing mass was excised, and histopathological examination diagnosed the lesion to be a lipoma. Keywords: Mature adipocytes, Rectal bleeding, Rectal lipoma, Utero‑vaginal prolapse.

  5. Uterine prolapse with an interesting vascular anomaly in a cheetah: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nöthling, J O; Knesl, O; Irons, P; Lane, E

    2002-12-01

    A 5-year-old cheetah suffered a complete prolapse of the left uterine horn after the birth of her second litter. Two attempts to reduce the prolapse transvaginally failed. The animal was hospitalized 13 days after the prolapse first occurred, and an ovariohysterectomy was performed to resolve the prolapse. The prolapsed uterine horn had been mutilated: its tip, together with the ipsilateral ovary was absent. Laparotomy revealed no sign of recent or past hemorrhage or adhesions, or any signs of the left ovarian artery or left ovarian vein in the remnants of the left mesovarium. A large vein crossed the uterine body from the left uterine horn to join the right uterine vein, presumably serving as the only route of venous drainage for the prolapsed uterine horn. A possible cause for the prolapse is excessive mobility of the uterus due to prior rupture of its mesial support. The animal died 24 days after surgery due to chronic renal failure, as a result of severe renal amyloidosis.

  6. Risk of adverse outcomes when plastic surgery procedures are combined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saad, Ahmad N; Parina, Ralitza; Chang, David; Gosman, Amanda A

    2014-12-01

    The ability to study population-level outcomes of outpatient cosmetic procedures has been limited by a lack of longitudinal data. This study aimed to describe the rates of adverse events in patients who underwent an isolated cosmetic surgery procedure compared with those who had a combination of two procedures. Retrospective longitudinal analysis was performed of the 2005 to 2010 California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development Ambulatory Surgery Database. Patients were included if they had undergone an abdominoplasty or any other procedure that was identified as frequently performed concurrently with abdominoplasty. Patients' subsequent in-patient admissions and emergency department visits were identified. Outcomes analyzed were the 30-day and 1-year venous thromboembolism rates, 30-day hospital admission rate, 30-day emergency department visit rate, and 30-day mortality rate. A total of 477,741 patients were analyzed, of whom 16,893 had undergone two concurrent procedures. The 12-month venous thromboembolism rate was 0.57 percent for patients undergoing abdominoplasty, 0.20 percent for liposuction, 0.12 percent for breast procedures, 0.32 percent for hernia repair, 0.28 percent for face procedures, and 0.28 percent for thigh lift/brachioplasty. Greater than additive 30-day and 1-year venous thromboembolism rates were observed among patients who underwent an abdominoplasty and liposuction (0.68 percent and 0.81 percent, respectively) and those who underwent an abdominoplasty and hernia repair (0.93 percent). Some combinations of elective outpatient procedures conferred an additive, and sometimes more than additive, venous thromboembolism risk. This is an important consideration when informing patients of potential postoperative complications and for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis.

  7. Risk factors for pelvic organ prolapse and its recurrence: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vergeldt, Tineke F M; Weemhoff, Mirjam; IntHout, Joanna; Kluivers, Kirsten B

    2015-11-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common condition with multifactorial etiology. The purpose of this systematic review was to provide an overview of literature on risk factors for POP and POP recurrence. PubMed and Embase were searched with "pelvic organ prolapse" combined with "recurrence" and combined with "risk factors," with Medical Subject Headings and Thesaurus terms and text words variations until 4 August 2014, without language or publication date restrictions. Only cohort or cross-sectional studies carried out in western developed countries containing multivariate analyses and with a definition of POP based on anatomical references were included. POP recurrence had to be defined as anatomical recurrence after native tissue repair without mesh. Follow-up after surgery should have been at least 1 year. Articles were excluded if POP was not a separate entity or if it was unclear whether the outcome was primary POP or recurrence. PubMed and Embase revealed 2,988 and 4,449 articles respectively. After preselection, 534 articles were independently evaluated by two researchers, of which 15 met the selection criteria. In 10 articles on primary POP, 30 risk factors were investigated. Parity, vaginal delivery, age, and body mass index (BMI) were significantly associated in at least two articles. In 5 articles on POP recurrence, 29 risk factors were investigated. Only preoperative stage was significantly associated in at least two articles. Parity, vaginal delivery, age, and BMI are risk factors for POP and preoperative stage is a risk factor for POP recurrence.

  8. Surgical management of bilateral prolapse of the third eyelid glands ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An 8-month old Norwich terrier breed of dog that presented with bilateral prolapse of the third eyelid glands was treated surgically using the modified Morgan's pocket technique in combination with the tacking of the third eyelids to the periorbital periosteum. The physiologic, haematological and biochemical parameters ...

  9. Pelvic floor muscle function and pelvic organ prolapse

    OpenAIRE

    Brækken, Ingeborg Hoff

    2010-01-01

    Avhandling (doktorgrad) – Norges idrettshøgskole, 2010. The overall high prevalence of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and related problems indicates a need for identification of risk factors, prevention and treatment strategies. The aetiology of POP is considered to be multifactorial. Only a minority of the many proposed risk factors for POP can easily be prevented. Treatment of POP is surgery, use of a pessary or pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT). Today there is a lack of evide...

  10. Vaginal Approaches Using Synthetic Mesh to Treat Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    OpenAIRE

    Moon, Jei Won; Chae, Hee Dong

    2016-01-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a very common condition in elderly women. In women with POP, a sacrocolpopexy or a vaginal hysterectomy with anterior and posterior colporrhaphy has long been considered as the gold standard of treatment. However, in recent decades, the tendency to use a vaginal approach with mesh for POP surgery has been increasing. A vaginal approach using mesh has many advantages, such as its being less invasive than an abdominal approach and easier to do than a laparoscopic ...

  11. Combined spinal epidural anesthesia in achondroplastic dwarf for femur surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rochana Girish Bakhshi

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Achondroplasia is the commonest form of short-limbed dwarfism and occurs in 1:26,000- 40,000 live births. This is an autosomal dominant disorder with abnormal endochondral ossification whereas periosteal and intramembranous ossification are normal. The basic abnormality is a disturbance of cartilage formation mainly at the epiphyseal growth plates and at the base of the skull. The anesthetic management of achondroplastic dwarfs is a challenge to the anesthesiologist. Both regional as well as general anesthesia have their individual risks and consequences. We report a case of an achondroplastic dwarf in whom combined spinal epidural anesthesia was used for fixation of a fractured femur. The patient had undergone previous femur surgery under general anesthesia since he had been informed that spinal anesthesia could be very problematic. There was no technical difficulty encountered during the procedure and an adequate level was achieved with low-dose local anesthetics without any problem. Postoperative pain relief was offered for three consecutive postoperative days using epidural tramadol. We discuss the anesthetic issues and highlight the role of combined spinal epidural anesthesia with low-dose local anesthetics in this patient. This approach also helped in early ambulation and postoperative pain relief.

  12. Age at hysterectomy as a predictor for subsequent pelvic organ prolapse repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lykke, Rune; Blaakær, Jan; Ottesen, Bent

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between patient age at the time of hysterectomy and subsequent pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery. METHODS: We gathered data on all benign hysterectomies and POP surgeries performed in Denmark on Danish women...

  13. Combined Anterior-Posterior Surgery Versus Posterior Surgery for Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.P. Oprel (Pim); W.E. Tuinebreijer (Wim); P. Patka (Peter); D. den Hartog (Dennis)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractAbstract: Study Design: A systematic quantitative review of the literature. Objective: To compare combined anterior-posterior surgery versus posterior surgery for thoracolumbar fractures in order to identify better treatments. Summary of Background Data: Axial load of the anterior and

  14. Complete utero vaginal prolapse in a woman with prolapsed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Case: A case of irreducible complete utero-vaginal and infected sub-mucous fibroid prolapse, in a 45-year-old grandmultiparous woman, is reported. Bed rest and antibiotics failed to relief edema and infection of the vault. Vaginal myomectomy, followed by interval vaginal hysterectomy, and pelvic floor repair a week later ...

  15. Complete Utero Vaginal Prolapse in a Woman with Prolapsed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    vault. Vaginal myomectomy, followed by interval vaginal hysterectomy, and pelvic floor repair a week later resulted in a satisfactory outcome. Keywords: Fibroid, Interval vaginal hysterectomy, Utero‑vaginal prolapse, Vaginal myomectomy. Access this article online. Quick Response Code: Website: www.amhsr.org. DOI: *****.

  16. [Risk factors of mesh exposure after transvaginal repair of genital prolapse].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillibert, F; Chêne, G; Fanget, C; Huss, M; Seffert, P; Chauleur, C

    2009-06-01

    We analysed the risk factors of vaginal surgery of pelvic organ prolapse with non resobable prothesis. This is a continuous, retrospective study of the 208 patients who had surgery between 2003 and 2007. Depending on the localisation of the prolapse, they had a prothesis under the bladder and/or a posterior tape through the sacrospinous ligament. An hysterectomy and a levator myorraphy were done if necessary. After a 3 years follow-up, we found 16.8% mesh exposure (23% were treated by a conservative way). The highest rate of incidence was at 4 and 10 months. The independent risk factors of exposure were the kind of prothesis, age under 60 and concomitant hysterectomy. Women treated by vaginal estrogens and those operated by the most experienced surgeon had less exposure. We had 5% of complications during the surgery. Hysterectomy, kind of prothesis and inverted T colpotomy of Crossen are well known risk factors. Age, stage of prolapse, size of prothesis and surgeon experience are discussed. Vaginal surgery of pelvic organ prolapse with non resobable prothesis must be used only when prolapse stage is higher than 3, hysterectomy has to be avoid and vaginal estrogens must be prescribed.

  17. Pulmonary embolism in spine surgery: a comparison of combined anterior/posterior approach versus posterior approach surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Han Jo; Kepler, Christopher; Cunningham, Matthew; Rawlins, Bernard; Boachie-Adjei, Oheneba

    2011-01-15

    retrospective review. to determine if Anterior/Posterior Combined approach spine surgery is associated with an increased risk of pulmonary embolism (PE) compared to Posterior Only approach surgery. combined anterior/posterior approach spine surgery is associated with a significantly increased risk for PE. However, it is uncertain if there is any difference in risk between combined approaches versus a posterior-only approach. a prospective cohort of patients who underwent anterior/posterior combined approach spine surgery from January 2002 to January 2006 was compared to a retrospective cohort of consecutive patients who underwent posterior only approach spine surgery from September2007 to September 2008. Patient demographics, medical history, body-mass indexes, type of surgery, length of surgery, transfusions, and instrumented vertebral levels were collected from hospital and office records. Hospital records were used to identify patients who developed PE based on diagnosis by spiral CT scan. CT scans were only performed when a patient's clinical picture raised suspicion of PE. Fisher exact test for significance, χ test and odds ratios were used for analysis. a total of 119 patients were included in the study: 63 patients underwent posterior approach spine surgery and 66 patients underwent combined anterior/posterior approach surgery. One patient (1.6%) developed PE after posterior approach surgery while 5 patients (7.5%) developed PE in the combined approach group. Those undergoing combined approaches were 5.08 times more likely to suffer from PE, but this increase was not significant (P = 0.208). Overall, increased risk for PE was associated with the number of levels fused (P = 0.006), total blood loss (P = 0.029), and number of units transfused (P = 0.030). The combined approach was associated with older age (P spine surgery is associated with an increased risk for pulmonary embolism compared to posterior only approaches. However, regardless of the surgical

  18. Experiences and expectations of women with urogenital prolapse: a quantitative and qualitative exploration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srikrishna, S; Robinson, D; Cardozo, L; Cartwright, R

    2008-10-01

    To explore the expectations and goals of women undergoing surgery for urogenital prolapse using both a quantitative quality of life approach exploring symptom bother and a qualitative interview-based approach exploring patient goals and expectations. Prospective observational study. Tertiary referral centre for urogynaecology. Forty-three women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse were recruited from the waiting list for pelvic floor reconstructive surgery. All women were assessed with a structured clinical interview on an individual basis. The data obtained were transcribed verbatim and then analysed thematically based on the grounded theory. Individual codes and subcodes were identified to develop a coding framework. The prolapse quality-of-life (pQoL) questionnaire was used to determine the impact of pelvic organ prolapse on the woman's daily life. We arbitrarily classified 'bother' as minimal, mild, moderate and marked if scores ranged from 0 to 25, 25-50, 50-75 and 75-100, respectively. The degree of prolapse was objectively quantified using the pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) system. Quantitative data were analysed using SPSS. Ethical approval was obtained from the Kings College Hospital Ethics Committee. Quantitative data from POP-Q, subjective data from pQoL, qualitative data based on the structured clinical interview. Forty-three women were recruited over the first 1 year of the study. Their mean age was 56 years (range 36-78) and mean parity was 2 (range 0-6). The mean ordinal stage of the prolapse was 2 (range stages 1-4). Quantitative analysis of the pQoL data suggested that the main domains affected were prolapse impact on life (mean score 74.71) and personal relationships (mean score 46.66). Qualitative analysis based on the clinical interview suggested that these women were most affected by the actual physical symptoms of prolapse (bulge, pain and bowel problems) as well by the impact prolapse has on their sexual function. While

  19. [Combined spinal epidural and general anesthesia in abdominal surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zorić, Sava; Stamenković, Dusica; Stevanović, Slobodan; Malenković, Vesna; Dikić, Svetlana Dragojević; Randelović, Tomislav; Bilanović, Dragoljub

    2003-01-01

    Almost ten years has past since Eldor described combined spinal-epidural-general anaesthesia (CSEOGA) as a new concept in anaesthesia in which all of these components can be used, with sub-anaesthetic doses of drugs, due to its sinergist effect. The clinics studies has not demonstrated crucial advantages CSEGA comparing with combined epidural-general anaesthesia (CEDGA), in sense of analgesia, pulmonary function and neuro-hormomal inhibition. However we have been routinely practising our technique CSEGA in big abdominal and thoraco-abdominal surgery, since 1997. This study is a retrospective analysis of our technique and clinic observations, during 4.5 years, which include 293 patients. Their demographic characteristics can be seen in table 2. We perform combined spinal-epidural anaesthesia (CSE) in one or two interspinal spaces, depending on the type of surgery, but always before induction in general anaesthesia (GA). For preemptive and intraoperative analgesia we use 0.25% plain bupivacaine (B), both for spinal (SA) and epidural (ED) blockade. The most important detail in our technique, despite precise order to administrate drugs, is analgesic solution (AS) which contain B 4.5 mg, fentanyl (Fe) 50 mcg and morphine hydrochloride (Mo) 0.2 mg, in total volume of 3 ml, in SA. After the ED test dose with 2% lidocaine 60 mg (3 ml), before the induction in GA, we inject more 10 ml B, but intraoperative analgesia is almost performed with B 3 to 5 ml in intermittent bolus doses. This ED bolus dosis is particularly important, partly to sufficiently cephalic migration of the SA somatosensorieblock, as well as for intraoperative analgesia. For very light GA only artificial ventilation with 66% N2O in O2 and muscle relaxation with paneuronium is needed. Co analgesia with intravenous (i.v.) Fe, was exceptionally seldom needed, except for induction. Intraoperative drugs consumption was very small as we see in table 5. With adequate liquid compensation, this technique achieve

  20. The Manchester procedure versus vaginal hysterectomy in the treatment of uterine prolapse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tolstrup, Cæcilie Krogsgaard; Lose, Gunnar; Klarskov, Niels

    2017-01-01

    -intervention rate, complications and operative outcomes. METHODS: We systematically searched Embase, PubMed, the Cochrane databases, Clinicaltrials and Clinical trials register using the MeSh terms "uterine prolapse", "uterus prolapse", "vaginal prolapse" "pelvic organ prolapse", "prolapsed uterus", "Manchester...

  1. [Mistakes and countermeasures in diagnosis and treatment of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Lin-bo

    2007-06-01

    The mistakes in clinical diagnosis and treatment due to dealing with symptoms, signs and imaging data in isolation, and unclear differentiation of relative diseases are found by reviewing definition and cause of disease and pathogenesis of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc, so as to probe into mistakes and countermeasures in diagnosis and treatment of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc. Only combined analysis of clinical symptoms, signs and imaging data, can correct diagnosis and treatment be made.

  2. Combined coronary artery bypass surgery and abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    OpenAIRE

    Black, J J; Desai, J B

    1995-01-01

    The proper management of patients with asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms and significant coexistent coronary artery disease is still debatable. The most common approach has been to perform the coronary artery bypass surgery some weeks before the abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in the hope of reducing the cardiac morbidity and mortality. We report our initial experience of three consecutive elective cases where the coronary artery bypass surgery and the abdominal aortic aneurysm repair ...

  3. Prevention and management of pelvic organ prolapse

    OpenAIRE

    Giarenis, Ilias; Robinson, Dudley

    2014-01-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse is a highly prevalent condition in the female population, which impairs the health-related quality of life of affected individuals. Despite the lack of robust evidence, selective modification of obstetric events or other risk factors could play a central role in the prevention of prolapse. While the value of pelvic floor muscle training as a preventive treatment remains uncertain, it has an essential role in the conservative management of prolapse. Surgical trends are cu...

  4. Microendoscopic discectomy for prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc

    OpenAIRE

    Ranjan Alok; Lath Rahul

    2006-01-01

    Background: Lumbar disc prolapse is a common problem and the current surgical standard for its treatment is a microsurgical discectomy. Microendoscopic discectomy (MED) is a minimally invasive spinal procedure being done successfully for prolapsed intervertebral disc disease. Aims: We report the technique, outcome and complications seen in 107 cases of prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc who underwent MED. Setting and Design: The study was carried out at the Department of Neurosurgery, ...

  5. The Use of Tutomesh for a Tension-Free and Tridimensional Repair of Uterovaginal and Vaginal Vault Prolapse: Preliminary Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Dodero

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate efficacy in terms of vaginal capacity, coital function, and recurrence prevention of a new biological mesh of bovine pericardium (Tutomesh in the repair of severe POP. Methods. Thirty cases of patients suffering from stage III uterine or apical prolapse undergone surgical repair by means of a modified sacrospinous ligament suspension combined with mesh attachment to both the cardinal ligaments, posterior and anterior colporrhaphy, and perineal body fixation. The mesh was replaced inside the pelvis with the goal of reconstructing the tridimensional fascial disposition of the structures sustaining the correct axis of vagina. Follow-up was done at 12 months with POPIQ analysis. Results. One total mesh failure occurred early after surgery due to marked deficiency of anatomy. Two cystoceles were observed at 12 months in two patients treated for apical prolapse where anterior repair was not performed. Two other patients developed a de novo SUI at 12 months. No reported abnormalities of coital function or dyspareunia were ever found after surgery. Conclusions. It is possible that the utilization of a tension-free and tridimensional placement of Tutomesh might favor a more physiologic reconstruction of the vaginal axis as compared with traditional sacrospinous ligament suspension.

  6. Novel hybrid laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse with a severe paravaginal defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ichikawa, Masao; Akira, Shigeo; Mine, Katsuya; Ohuchi, Nozomi; Kurose, Keisuke; Takeshita, Toshiyuki

    2013-02-01

    Abdominal sacrocolpopexy is the gold standard for treating pelvic organ prolapse (POP) because of safety and durable good results. More recently laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC), a less invasive approach, has become popular. Although these surgeries are versatile and can treat almost all patients with POP, these techniques have shortcomings. Specifically, reinforcement of lateral vaginal defects are not very strong, thus patients with POP and a severe paravaginal defect are not good candidates for abdominal or laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. To overcome this problem, we developed a novel type of LSC, which can reinforce severe paravaginal defects by using a reversed T-shaped anterior mesh combining the advantage of transvaginal mesh surgery. We refer to this novel surgery as 'hybrid LSC'. Thus far, eight patients have successfully undergone this surgery. Hybrid LSC is a simple and secure method, and is an alternative treatment for POP with a severe paravaginal defect. © 2012 The Authors. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research © 2012 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

  7. Anterior six arms prolene mesh for high stage vaginal prolapse: five years follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Gustavo M. de Toledo

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Introduction In high stage vaginal prolapse, recurrence risk patients, anterior and apical defects need to be addressed in the same procedure. The pre-molded commercial mesh kits are expensive and not always available. Alternative effective and safe treatment ways, with lower costs are desirable. Objective To present long term follow-up of patients treated with a homemade mesh shape to correct high stage prolapses. Materials and Methods We describe prospectively 18 patients with anterior and apical vaginal prolapses, stages III and IV, repaired using this specific design of mesh. All patients were submitted to pre-operative clinical evaluation and urodynamics. Prolapse was classified using the pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q. Intervention Prolapse surgery, using a six arms prolene mesh, through a single anterior vaginal incision. Outcome Measurements: POP-Q, patients satisfaction, descriptive statistical analysis. Results Between February 2009 and Oct 2010, 18 consecutive women underwent the above-mentioned surgery. Mean age was 68 years. At a mean follow-up of .,4 years (5 to 5.8 years, 16 (89% patients were continent, mean Ba point came from +4.7cm to - 2.5cm, mean C point from +2.8cm to -6.6cm and mean Bp point from +1.3 to -1.7cm. There were two (11% objective failures, but all the patients were considered success subjectively. There were two cases of mesh vaginal extrusion. Conclusions The homemade six arms prolene mesh allows concomitant correction of anterior and apical prolapses, through a single anterior vaginal incision, being an effective, safe and affordable treatment option when mesh is needed.

  8. Mitral valve prolapse, atrial flutter, and syncope in a young female patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismajli, Jehona; Shabani, Xhevahire; Manaj, Rexhep; Emini, Merita; Bajraktari, Gani

    2006-11-01

    The syndrome of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is the most common form of valvular heart disease. The case of a 16-year-old girl with mitral valve prolapse, atrial flutter and syncope is presented. The patient was admitted to the clinic complaining of atypical chest pain, palpitations, breathlessness at physical efforts, fatigue, and a feeling of fogginess. Electrocardiogram showed the presence of the common-type atrial flutter with 3:1 ventricular responses. Echocardiography showed mitral valve prolapse with mild mitral regurgitation. The patient reported to have had these symptoms for about nine months. She was not aware of heart disease before. A young female patient with combined mitral valve prolapse, atrial flutter, and syncope is presented.

  9. The prevalence and impact of deep clefts in the mitral leaflets in mitral valve prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ring, Liam; Rana, Bushra S; Ho, Siew Yen; Wells, Francis C

    2013-06-01

    Deep clefts are a cause of early failure of mitral valve repair, but it is not known whether clefts represent normal morphology, or whether they occur more frequently in mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Deep clefts were defined as indentations extending ≥ 50% of the depth of the mitral valve leaflet. Using trans-oesophageal echo (TOE), 3D zoom images were acquired of the mitral valve in 176 patients: 76 patients with MVP, 43 patients with alternative causes of mitral regurgitation (MR), and 57 controls. Three-dimensional TOE results were corroborated with findings made at surgery for a subset of patients who subsequently underwent mitral valve surgery. An assessment of the proportion of the valve that was prolapsing was documented, and correlated to the number of clefts. The relationship of clefts to the region of prolapse or flail was recorded. Three-dimensional TOE was 93% sensitive and 92% specific for detecting clefts. Clefts were documented in 84% of patients with MVP, but significantly less frequently in patients with alternative MR (16%; P framing them, and the number of clefts increased in patients with more extensive prolapse. Clefts are frequently seen in MVP, but are uncommon in patients without this diagnosis. They occur in greater numbers as a larger proportion of the valve prolapses. They may play an important role in the development of MVP.

  10. Post-operative brachial plexus neuropraxia: A less recognised complication of combined plastic and laparoscopic surgeries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimmy Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This presentation is to increase awareness of the potential for brachial plexus injury during prolonged combined plastic surgery procedures. A case of brachial plexus neuropraxia in a 26-year-old obese patient following a prolonged combined plastic surgery procedure was encountered. Nerve palsy due to faulty positioning on the operating table is commonly seen over the elbow and popliteal fossa. However, injury to the brachial plexus has been a recently reported phenomenon due to the increasing number of laparoscopic and robotic procedures. Brachial plexus injury needs to be recognised as a potential complication of prolonged combined plastic surgery. Preventive measures are discussed.

  11. Post-operative brachial plexus neuropraxia: A less recognised complication of combined plastic and laparoscopic surgeries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Jimmy

    2014-01-01

    This presentation is to increase awareness of the potential for brachial plexus injury during prolonged combined plastic surgery procedures. A case of brachial plexus neuropraxia in a 26-year-old obese patient following a prolonged combined plastic surgery procedure was encountered. Nerve palsy due to faulty positioning on the operating table is commonly seen over the elbow and popliteal fossa. However, injury to the brachial plexus has been a recently reported phenomenon due to the increasing number of laparoscopic and robotic procedures. Brachial plexus injury needs to be recognised as a potential complication of prolonged combined plastic surgery. Preventive measures are discussed.

  12. Radiological Changes After Resection Rectopexy in Patients with Rectal Prolapse-Influence on Clinical Symptoms and Quality of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otto, Susanne; Dizer, A M; Kreis, M E; Gröne, J

    2017-12-20

    Resection rectopexy is performed to correct the anatomic defect associated with rectal prolapse. The aim of the study was to determine whether the change in the radiological prolapse grade has an influence on patients' symptoms and quality of life. The study investigated 40 patients who underwent resection rectopexy for rectal prolapse. The following were determined before and after surgery: radiological prolapse grade, anorectal angle and pelvic floor position in defecography, clinical symptoms (Cleveland Clinic Incontinence and Constipation Scores, Kelly-Hohlschneider Score), quality of life. Defecography revealed postoperative improvement in the prolapse grade and pelvic floor position (p quality of life improved in both, the total population (n = 40) and in patients with improved radiological prolapse grade (n = 30): all clinical scores (p Quality of Life Scale (lifestyle, coping, embarrassment p quality of life. Our study demonstrates that the radiological prolapse grade is improved by resection rectopexy. Correction of the anatomic defect was associated with improvement in symptoms and quality of life. Defecography may therefore be useful in the postoperative assessment of persistent symptoms or reduced quality of life.

  13. Congenital Uterovaginal Prolapse Present at Birth

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Uterovaginal prolapse (UVP) presenting at birth is very rare. To the best of our knowledge, not more than 20 cases of neonatal UVP have been reported in English literature.[1-11] Utero-vaginal prolapse is the downward descent and protrusion of the uterus and vagina to the exterior via the introitus. It is as a result of ...

  14. Prolapsed ileocolic intussusception | Ibrahim | Annals of Pediatric ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose This study aimed at presentingour experience with cases of prolapsed intussusception and discussing the line of treatment and the morbidity and mortality. Patients and methods Nine infants aged from 5 to 10 months were diagnosed as prolapsed intussusceptions by clinical examination. All of them were treated ...

  15. GENITOURINARY PROLAPSE AND JOINT HYPERMOBILITY IN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hi-tech

    2000-12-12

    Dec 12, 2000 ... denervation of the pelvic floor muscles(2). However, there is considerable individual variability in the predisposition to genitourinary prolapse. Young nulliparous women occasionally develop genitourinary prolapse, whereas some multiparous women bear many children with no clinically significant pelvic ...

  16. The treatment of prolapse and collapse of the proximal interphalangeal joint

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.C.H.M. van der Meulen (Jacques)

    1972-01-01

    textabstractIt is intended here to discuss the correction of these deformities rather than the treatment of the conditions leading to prolapse and collapse. Most hand surgeons will agree that in this kind of surgery success and failure go hand in hand and that it is difficult to separate the two.

  17. Validation of the prolapse quality-of-life questionnaire (P-QOL): An ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) occurs in 46 - 73% of women in South. Africa (SA) and may also be associated with other pelvic floor dysfunctions.[1] The assessment of quality of life (QOL) is becoming increasingly important in determining the outcome of pelvic floor reconstructive surgery, as well as other pelvic floor disorders ...

  18. Severe acidosis during laparoscopic repair of pelvic organ prolapse and incontinence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzgerald, Mary P; Mueller, Elizabeth R; Edelstein, Steven

    2011-09-01

    The creation and maintenance of a carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum to allow a laparoscopic approach to surgery for pelvic organ prolapse has been associated with hypercapnea and respiratory acidosis. We present a case report of a 68-year-old patient who developed severe acidosis during a robotic-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy and discuss a practical approach to surgical and anesthetic decision making.

  19. The clinical utility of new combination phenylephrine/ketorolac injection in cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawuyi LE

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Lola Elizabeth Lawuyi, Avinash Gurbaxani Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai, Dubai, UAE Abstract: The maintenance of mydriasis throughout cataract extraction surgery and the control of ocular inflammation are crucial for successful surgical outcomes. The development of miosis during cataract surgery compromises the visualization of the surgical field and working space for surgeons. This may lead to complications that include posterior capsular tear and associated vitreous loss, longer surgical time, and postoperative inflammation. Postoperative inflammation is often uncomfortable and frustrating for patients. It causes pain, redness, and photophobia. This compromises the best-uncorrected vision following surgery and often leads to multiple clinic visits. This article examines the literature published on the current treatments used to manage mydriasis, pain, and inflammation in cataract extraction surgery. Combination phenylephrine/ketorolac injection offers an exciting new class of medication for use in cataract surgery. With the recent approval of Omidria™ (combination of phenylephrine 1% and ketorolac 0.3% by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA for intraocular use, we review the clinical utility of this new combination injection in cataract surgery. PubMed, MEDLINE, and conference proceedings were searched for the relevant literature using a combination of the following search terms: cataract extraction surgery, pupil dilation (mydriasis, miosis, phenylephrine, ketorolac, Omidria™, intracameral mydriatic. Relevant articles were reviewed and their references checked for further relevant literature. All abstracts were reviewed and full texts retrieved where available. Keywords: cataract extraction surgery, ketorolac, mydriasis, miosis, Omidria™, phenylephrine

  20. MIGS: therapeutic success of combined Xen Gel Stent implantation with cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohberger, Bettina; Welge-Lüßen, Ulrich-Christoph; Lämmer, Robert

    2018-01-15

    Glaucoma, a common disease in the elderly population, is frequently coexistent with cataract. While the combination of filtration surgery and cataract surgery is a challenging topic with limited success, minimal invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS), such as Xen Gel Stents, seems to provide promising results. The aim of this study was to investigate the complete and qualified therapeutic success of Xen Gel Stent implantation with (XenPhaco) and without cataract surgery. One hundred and eleven open-angle glaucoma eyes underwent implantation of Xen45 Gel Stent (AqueSys, Inc.) with or without cataract operation. Complete therapeutic success was defined as target intraocular pressure (IOP) success was defined as target IOP success was achieved in 46.9% of single Xen Gel Stent implantation, whereas 53.3% was reached with combined XenPhaco. Qualified success was seen in 2.5% in the eyes of the single Xen Gel Stent implantation group and in 3.3% of the combined surgery group. Therapeutic failure rate was 49.4% in the stand-alone group vs 46.7% in the combined group. Data were not significantly different for group and subgroup analyses. Complete and qualified therapeutic success is similar for the combination of Xen Gel Stent implantation with and without cataract surgery in open-angle glaucoma patients. MIGS using Xen Gel Stent can be recommended in situations if glaucoma surgery is indicated besides coexisting cataract.

  1. Cases of fallopian tube prolapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sushil Chawla

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Fallopian tube prolapse post hysterectomy is rarely reported complication which can lead to doubts in the mind of young and experienced surgeons alike. This leads to patient morbidity and gets different medical treatments ranging from antibiotics to local applications of copper sulphate, without relief. The use of proper surgical technique, prevention of post operative hematoma and infection go a long way in its prevention.We hereby present two cases, which were manged successfully to relieve the patients of their agony.

  2. Post-operative brachial plexus neuropraxia: A less recognised complication of combined plastic and laparoscopic surgeries

    OpenAIRE

    Jimmy Thomas

    2014-01-01

    This presentation is to increase awareness of the potential for brachial plexus injury during prolonged combined plastic surgery procedures. A case of brachial plexus neuropraxia in a 26-year-old obese patient following a prolonged combined plastic surgery procedure was encountered. Nerve palsy due to faulty positioning on the operating table is commonly seen over the elbow and popliteal fossa. However, injury to the brachial plexus has been a recently reported phenomenon due to the increasin...

  3. Functional and anatomical outcome of anterior and posterior vaginal prolapse repair with prolene mesh

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Milani, Rodolfo; Salvatore, Stefano; Soligo, Marco; Pifarotti, Paola; Meschia, Michele; Cortese, Marina

    2005-01-01

    ...  Women requiring prolapse repair for anterior or posterior vaginal prolapse. Methods  All women were assessed for urinary, bowel, prolapse symptoms and dyspareunia pre- and post-operatively...

  4. Progress of corneal collagen cross-linking combined with refractive surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Na; Peng, Xiu-Jun; Fan, Zheng-Jun

    2014-01-01

    As a photochemical reaction that can stiffen the cornea, corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) is the only promising method of preventing the progress of keratectasia, such as keratoconus and secondary ectasia following refractive surgery. The aim of CXL is to stabilize the underlying condition, with a small chance of visual improvement. Combining CXL with refractive surgery targeting both stabilization and reshaping of the corneal tissue for visual function improvement is a good treatment option. This review aims to provide a comprehensive and unbiased summary of the published research regarding combined CXL and refractive surgery, including measures and results, to help elucidate the future direction of CXL.

  5. Progress of corneal collagen cross-linking combined with refractive surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Na Li

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available As a photochemical reaction that can stiffen the cornea, corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL is the only promising method of preventing the progress of keratectasia, such as keratoconus and secondary ectasia following refractive surgery. The aim of CXL is to stabilize the underlying condition, with a small chance of visual improvement. Combining CXL with refractive surgery targeting both stabilization and reshaping of the corneal tissue for visual function improvement is a good treatment option. This review aims to provide a comprehensive and unbiased summary of the published research regarding combined CXL and refractive surgery, including measures and results, to help elucidate the future direction of CXL.

  6. Potential relevance of pre-operative quality of life questionnaires to identify candidates for surgical treatment of genital prolapse: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chauvin Christian

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To evaluate prolapse-related symptoms, quality of life and sexuality of patients with validated questionnaires before and after surgery for genital prolapse and assess relevance of such an evaluation to select women for surgery. Methods From November 2009 to April 2010, 16 patients operated on for genital prolapse of grade greater than or equal to 2 (POP-Q classification were evaluated prospectively by three questionnaires of quality of life Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20, Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ-7 and Pelvic Organ Prolaps/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12. Data were collected the day before surgery and 6 weeks postoperatively. Results Eleven patients had laparoscopic surgery and five vaginal surgery. There was a significant decrease in pelvic heaviness, vaginal discomfort and urinary symptoms after surgery. The score of symptoms of prolapse, the PFDI-20 score was 98.5 preoperatively and 31.8 postoperatively (p Conclusions This study suggests that surgery improves quality of life of patients with genital prolapse. Quality of life questionnaires could help select good candidates for surgery. Further studies are required to determine threshold to standardize indications of surgery.

  7. Robot-assisted rectopexy is a safe and feasible option for treatment of rectal prolapse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haahr Raunkjær, Camilla; Jakobsen, Henrik Loft; Gögenur, Ismail

    2014-01-01

    and satisfaction. RESULTS: A total of 24 consecutive patients underwent robot-assisted rectopexy from October 2010 to July 2012. Data regarding their long-term outcome was available for 18 patients at follow-up (average ten months). 50% of the patients suffered from faecal incontinence before surgery (n = 9/18, 50......INTRODUCTION: Rectal prolapse is seen in up to one in 100 elderly women and results in symptoms such as incontinence, mucus secretion and constipation. The aim of this study was to present short- and longterm outcomes after robot-assisted rectopexy in patients with rectal prolapse. MATERIAL...... AND METHODS: All patients diagnosed with rectal prolapse at our institution underwent robot-assisted rectopexy. Data regarding the surgical procedure and post-operative morbidity were collected retrospectively. Patients were contacted to register long-term results regarding recurrence, incontinence...

  8. [Rectal prolapse. Surgical experience with helicoidal suture and anoplasty: short hospital stay].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera-Ramírez, Juan; Andrade-Ibáñez, Alfredo; González-Velásquez, Felipe; Morales-Guzmán, Margarita Isabel; Martínez-Mier, Gustavo

    2007-01-01

    We undertook this study to describe and analyze our experience with rectal prolapse treated by helicoidal suture and anoplasty at the Colorectal Service, Centro Médico Nacional, Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, Veracruz, México. An ambispective study from 1999 to 2006 was performed in patients with rectal prolapse by chart review and outpatient clinic visit. All patients underwent helicoidal suture and anoplasty. Thirty two patients underwent surgery (12 males and 20 females). The mean age was 61.3 +/- 20.88 years (range: 21-94 years). History of rectal prolapse was from 1 month to 48 years. The most common symptoms were anal mass sensation, fecal incontinence, mucous discharge, rectal bleeding, chronic constipation and pain. Nineteen patients had a significant prior medical history and past surgical history. In-hospital stay was hospital, rapid postoperative recovery, less surgical time and low recurrence rate.

  9. Microendoscopic discectomy for prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranjan, Alok; Lath, Rahul

    2006-06-01

    Lumbar disc prolapse is a common problem and the current surgical standard for its treatment is a microsurgical discectomy. Microendoscopic discectomy (MED) is a minimally invasive spinal procedure being done successfully for prolapsed intervertebral disc disease. We report the technique, outcome and complications seen in 107 cases of prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc who underwent MED. The study was carried out at the Department of Neurosurgery, at a tertiary hospital in South India and the data was collected prospectively. 107 patients with prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc who were seen at our institution between November 2002 and January 2006 were included in the study. Data was collected prospectively. The METRx system (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis,TN) was used to perform MED. Outcome assessment was done by the modified Macnab criteria. 107 patients (67 males, 40 females) underwent MED for prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc. Follow up ranged from 2 to 40 months with a mean follow up 12.9 months. Seventy six patients had an excellent outcome, 22 patients had a good outcome, 5 patients had a fair outcome and 3 patients had a poor outcome. One patient with a long dural tear required conversion to a standard microdiscectomy and was excluded from outcome assessment. Complications included dural puncture with K-wire (1), dural tear (2), superficial wound infection (1), discitis (1) and recurrent disc prolapse (2). Microendoscopic Discectomy (MED) is a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc.

  10. Perinatal death associated with umbilical cord prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hehir, Mark P; Hartigan, Lucia; Mahony, Rhona

    2017-07-26

    Umbilical cord prolapse occurs when the cord prolapses ahead of or alongside the presenting part. It is an acute obstetric emergency with potential catastrophic effects. We set out to assess incidence of cord prolapse, as well as rates and characteristics of perinatal death associated with the condition. This was a retrospective cohort study. All recorded cases of cord prolapse were included, and rates of perinatal death and encephalopathy, as well as intrapartum and maternal characteristics were examined. There were 156,130 deliveries at the hospital over the 20-year study period. Three hundred and seven cases of cord prolapse were identified (1.9/1000 deliveries). There was a decrease in the incidence of cord prolapse over the course of the study. The rate peaked in 1999 at 3.9/1000 and was just 0.8/1000 of all deliveries in 2007. The majority of cases (216/307, 70%) occurred in multiparas; however, nulliparous parturients were more likely to have a perinatal death [12% (11/91) vs. 4.6% (10/216)]. The rate of perinatal death in cases of cord prolapse was 6.8% (21/307). Over half of perinatal deaths (11/21) occurred in infants of mothers who presented with ruptured membranes, seven of these infants were already dead on reaching hospital. There was just one case of neonatal encephalopathy associated with cord prolapse, giving an incidence of 0.32%. Cord prolapse carries a significant risk of perinatal death, approximately 7%. The corresponding rate of encephalopathy is low. A significant number of deaths were diagnosed on presentation to hospital and were not deemed preventable.

  11. [Re-treatments of recurrence after pelvic floor repair surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, S X; Wang, F M; Lin, L S; Song, Y F

    2017-06-25

    Objective: To analyze re-treatments of recurrence after the pelvic floor repair surgery. Methods: The protocol and the effect of re-treatments were investigated by reviewing and analyzing the clinical data of 81 recurrent patients (grade Ⅱ and above), who had received the pelvic floor repair surgery from January 2011 to January 2016. Pelvic organ prolapse quantitation system (POP-Q) and two questionnaires about quality of life [pelvic floor distress inventory-short form 20 (PFDI-20) and pelvic floor impact questionnaire short form (PFIQ-7)] were used to evaluate objective and subjective efficacy, respectively. Results: Among 81 recurrent patients who were followed up for a median of 35 months (10- 69 months), 78 cases (with prolapse up to grade Ⅲ or Ⅳ) were treated by surgical operation with both objective cure rate and subjective satisfaction being 100% (78/78); 3 cases (with grade Ⅱ prolapse) were treated by pelvic floor electrical stimulation biofeedback, and 1 case among the three cases had the vaginal foreign body sensation, the subjective satisfaction was 2/3. The methods of surgical operation for the 78 recurrent patients included: total pelvic floor reconstructive surgery (55 cases; 3 of which involve trachelectomy), anterior pelvic reconstructive surgery (2 cases), posterior pelvic reconstructive surgery (3 cases), Y-mesh sacral colpopexy (2 cases), colpocleisis (11 cases), vaginal hysterectomy combined posterior fornix forming (3 cases), and vaginal hysterectomy combined posterior pelvic reconstructive surgery(2 cases). Conclusion: The extent of recurrence, the recurrent site and complications must be carefully considered and evaluated for re-treatments of recurrence after pelvic floor repair surgery, and then an appropriately individualized re-treatment protocol could be designed for each of the patients.

  12. Restorative surgery of combined injuries of neurovascular structures of limbs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. V. Pertsov

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Combined damage of neurovascular structures is complicate pathology and require repeated surgical interventions and often lead to permanent disability. Aim. To define the features of restorative surgical treatment of traumatic injuries of limbs neurovascular structures and to study the effect of regional hemodynamics on the nerve function restore. Methods and results. In 98 patients with combined trauma of the neurovascular structures microcirculation indicators were established with laser Doppler flowmetry and determine the degree of restoration of nerve function. Conclusion. Strong direct correlation between the degree of restoration of nerve function and microcirculation was detected, the correlation coefficient was +0.72 at t = 3,16 p<0,05. Careful surgical restoration of blood flow helps to improve microcirculation in the limbs, makes positive impact on the recovery of limb function.

  13. Simple Device for Treating Prolapsing Loop Colostomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Yu Hsieh

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Stoma prolapse is a common complication of intestinal stoma. Although various surgical methods yield satisfactory results, nonsurgical treatment may be better for a temporary stoma. We report a case of a patient with a distal limb prolapse of a right transverse colostomy who received nonsurgical treatment with satisfactory results. For the treatment of a temporary transverse loop colostomy with distal limb prolapse, we designed a simple device consisting of a pediatric plastic medicine cup, which was rolled into a towel to shape the bottom of the cup into a compressor. The towel was put on the stoma outside of the colostomy bag with the compressor above the prolapsing limb of the colostomy. An abdominal binder was applied to fix the towel.

  14. Progress of corneal collagen cross-linking combined with refractive surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Na Li; Xiu-Jun Peng; Zheng-Jun Fan

    2014-01-01

    As a photochemical reaction that can stiffen the cornea, corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) is the only promising method of preventing the progress of keratectasia, such as keratoconus and secondary ectasia following refractive surgery. The aim of CXL is to stabilize the underlying condition, with a small chance of visual improvement. Combining CXL with refractive surgery targeting both stabilization and reshaping of the corneal tissue for visual function improvement is a good treatment opt...

  15. Uterine Prolapse: From Antiquity to Today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keith T. Downing

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Uterine prolapse is a condition that has likely affected women for all of time as it is documented in the oldest medical literature. By looking at the watershed moments in its recorded history we are able to appreciate the evolution of urogynecology and to gain perspective on the challenges faced by today's female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgeons in their attempts to treat uterine and vaginal vault prolapse.

  16. Patient considerations in cataract surgery - the role of combined therapy using phenylephrine and ketorolac.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Salinas, Roberto; Guarnieri, Adriano; Guirao Navarro, María Concepción; Saenz-de-Viteri, Manuel

    2016-01-01

    Cataract, a degradation of the optical quality of the crystalline lens, progressive and age-related, is the leading cause of treatable blindness worldwide. Cataract surgery is the most common surgical procedure performed by ophthalmologists and is the only effective treatment for cataracts. Advances in the surgical techniques and better postoperative visual outcomes have progressively changed the primary concern of cataract surgery to become a procedure refined to yield the best possible refractive results. Sufficient mydriasis during cataract removal is critical to a successful surgical outcome. Poor pupil dilation can lead to serious sight-threatening complications that significantly increase the cost of surgery and decrease patients comfort. Mydriasis is obtained using anticholinergic and sympathomimetic drugs. Phenylephrine, an α1-adrenergic receptor agonist, can efficiently dilate the pupil when administered by intracameral injection. Additionally, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ketorolac, which inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins, are used to decrease intraoperative miosis, control pain and inflammation associated with cataract surgery, and to prevent the development of cystoid macular edema following surgery. Recently, a new combination of phenylephrine and ketorolac (Omidria®) has been approved by United States Food and Drug Administration for use during cataract surgery to maintain intraoperative mydriasis, prevent miosis, and reduce postoperative pain and inflammation. Clinical trials have shown that this new combination is effective, combining the positive effects of both drugs with a good safety profile and patient tolerability. Moreover, recent reports suggest that this combination is also effective in patients with high risk of poor pupil dilation. In conclusion, cataract is a global problem that significantly affects patients' quality of life. However, they can be managed with a safe and minimally invasive surgery. Advances

  17. Patient considerations in cataract surgery – the role of combined therapy using phenylephrine and ketorolac

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Salinas, Roberto; Guarnieri, Adriano; Guirao Navarro, María Concepción; Saenz-de-Viteri, Manuel

    2016-01-01

    Cataract, a degradation of the optical quality of the crystalline lens, progressive and age-related, is the leading cause of treatable blindness worldwide. Cataract surgery is the most common surgical procedure performed by ophthalmologists and is the only effective treatment for cataracts. Advances in the surgical techniques and better postoperative visual outcomes have progressively changed the primary concern of cataract surgery to become a procedure refined to yield the best possible refractive results. Sufficient mydriasis during cataract removal is critical to a successful surgical outcome. Poor pupil dilation can lead to serious sight-threatening complications that significantly increase the cost of surgery and decrease patients comfort. Mydriasis is obtained using anticholinergic and sympathomimetic drugs. Phenylephrine, an α1-adrenergic receptor agonist, can efficiently dilate the pupil when administered by intracameral injection. Additionally, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ketorolac, which inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins, are used to decrease intraoperative miosis, control pain and inflammation associated with cataract surgery, and to prevent the development of cystoid macular edema following surgery. Recently, a new combination of phenylephrine and ketorolac (Omidria®) has been approved by United States Food and Drug Administration for use during cataract surgery to maintain intraoperative mydriasis, prevent miosis, and reduce postoperative pain and inflammation. Clinical trials have shown that this new combination is effective, combining the positive effects of both drugs with a good safety profile and patient tolerability. Moreover, recent reports suggest that this combination is also effective in patients with high risk of poor pupil dilation. In conclusion, cataract is a global problem that significantly affects patients’ quality of life. However, they can be managed with a safe and minimally invasive surgery

  18. Vaginal fold prolapse in a dog with pyometra and ovarian papillary cystadenocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zedda, Maria-Teresa; Bogliolo, Luisa; Ariu, Federica; Ledda, Mauro; Falchi, Laura; Pinna-Parpaglia, Maria-Luisa; Pau, Salvatore

    2016-04-01

    A 7-year-old 42-kg (92.4-lb) sexually intact nulliparous female Italian Mastiff was examined because of a history of vaginal prolapse during diestrus. A physical examination revealed vaginal fold prolapse. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed an enlarged uterus with hypoechogenic content, corpora lutea in the ovaries, and a cyst in the right ovary. Hematologic abnormalities included leukocytosis, neutrophilia, mild anemia, and low Hct. Progesterone and estradiol concentrations were 9.36 ng/mL and 30.42 pg/mL, respectively, in serum and 72.72 ng/mL and 792 pg/mL, respectively, in the ovarian cystic fluid. Ovariohysterectomy was performed; the prolapsed tissue was repositioned by external manipulation and maintained in situ by temporary apposition of the vulvar lips with a retention suture. Anatomic and histologic examinations of the excised tissues revealed pyometra and papillary cystadenocarcinoma in the right ovary. The vaginal hyperplasia completely regressed at 35 days after surgery; 5 months after surgery, the dog's general condition was considered good. Findings in this case were indicative of a hormonally active ovarian papillary cystadenocarcinoma in a female dog in diestrus. Hormone production by the cystadenocarcinoma was the predisposing factor that induced pyometra, mucosal hyperplasia, and vaginal fold prolapse in the dog. On the basis of these concurrent disorders, ovariohysterectomy was an appropriate treatment.

  19. Abdominal and perineal approaches in the surgical treatment of rectal prolapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mesut Gül

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Rectal prolapse is a disease, which is an important cause of social and functional problems and has a continuing debate about the ideal surgical treatment of itself. In this study, we aimed to investigate the abdominal and perineal approaches with early and late postoperative result in the patients undergoing surgery for rectal prolapse.Materials and methods: Between 2006-2011, the records of 21 patients undergoing surgery with the diagnosis of rectal prolapse were reviewed, retrospectively. The demographic and physical examination findings, surgical procedures, early and late postoperative complications, recurrence and mortality rates were recorded.Results: The median age was 43 years and female/male ratio was 1.63/1. The most common presenting complaint was gas control failure and often wetting with mucus. Stage 1 and stage 3 rectal prolapses was detected in 19% and 81% of the patients, respectively. The most common surgical procedure was Notaras (54%. Early postoperative complications were seen in 14.3% of the patients. There were no postoperative recurrence, mortality and complication requiring re-exploration. Advanced age and shorter duration of hospital stay were determined and often performed under regional anesthesia in the patients undergoing perineal approach. No statistical differences were observed in terms of early postoperative complications and recurrence.Conclusion: Results of abdominal and perineal approaches were similar, when they were applied with taking into account the risk factors for surgical treatment, findings of the patients and the surgeon’s experience.

  20. Morbidity in combined-procedure associating abdominoplasty and breast surgery: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michot, A; Alet, J-M; Pélissier, P; Grolleau-Raoux, J-L; Bodin, F; Chaput, B

    2016-02-01

    Combined aesthetic procedures are an increasing procedure and demands of the patients. The authors have assembled concrete arguments detailing the risks of combined-surgery associating abdominoplasty and mammoplasty relative to abdominoplasty alone. The purpose of this study was to compare abdominoplasty alone versus abdominoplasty combined with breast surgery in terms of short-term complications, in support of surgical choices. Through application of the PRISMA criteria, we have realized a systematic review of the literature from 1969 to April 2015 in English and French languages by searching in MEDLINE®, PubMed central, Embase and Cochrane Library databases. The levels of evidence for each article were evaluated. Statistical analysis of the results was carried out through association parameters including statistical tests and Odds ratios were calculated for each complication when data was available. We included 32 observational studies that met the inclusion criteria but only four with usable data. We highlighted a combined Odds ratio of respectively 5.35 and 14.71 for major complications in these studies for combined-surgery compared with abdominoplasty alone. The results of this systematic review appears in favor of an increase in major complications related to abdominoplasty combined with breast surgery compared to abdominoplasty alone but the level of evidence of included studies is low or moderate. Prospective cohort comparative studies are necessary to provide strong evidence. However, we recommend to avoid this procedure in massive weight loss patients or patients with thromboembolism history. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. Robot-assisted rectopexy is a safe and feasible option for treatment of rectal prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haahr, Camilla; Jakobsen, Henrik Loft; Gögenur, Ismail

    2014-05-01

    Rectal prolapse is seen in up to one in 100 elderly women and results in symptoms such as incontinence, mucus secretion and constipation. The aim of this study was to present short- and longterm outcomes after robot-assisted rectopexy in patients with rectal prolapse. All patients diagnosed with rectal prolapse at our institution underwent robot-assisted rectopexy. Data regarding the surgical procedure and post-operative morbidity were collected retrospectively. Patients were contacted to register long-term results regarding recurrence, incontinence and satisfaction. A total of 24 consecutive patients underwent robot-assisted rectopexy from October 2010 to July 2012. Data regarding their long-term outcome was available for 18 patients at follow-up (average ten months). 50% of the patients suffered from faecal incontinence before surgery (n = 9/18, 50%). The mean age at surgery was 72 years (28-93 years). The mean duration of surgery was 123 min. (70-245 min.). The median length of stay in hospital was 4.1 days (0-15 days). There was one procedure-related complication (small-bowel obstruction) resulting in reoperation. At the time of follow-up, two patients (11%) had a subjective recurrence of rectal prolapse, and three patients (17%) had faecal incontinence. 89% were satisfied with the operation, and 94% would recommend this operation to other patients with the same condition. Robot-assisted rectopexy is a safe procedure for patients with rectal prolapse and is associated with acceptable functional outcomes and recurrence rates. There is no evidence in the literature of advantages compared with the corresponding laparoscopic procedure. not relevant. not relevant.

  2. Infracoccygeal sacropexy in the treatment of vaginal vault prolapse: a prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghanbari Z

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available   Background: Vaginal vault prolapse is a significant longer-term complication in patients undergoing hysterectomy. An important cause is generally acknowledged to be weakness in the uterosacral and cardinal ligaments. Vaginal delivery is known to be a risk factor, and obesity and menopause are predisposing factors. Urogynecologists are constantly looking for simple, safe and effective ways to cure vaginal apex prolapse. Infracoccygeal sacropexy, also known as posterior intravaginal slingplasty, is a useful and less-invasive procedure, with low morbidity. The aim of this study is to confirm the efficacy, safety and long-term outcome of infracoccygeal sacropexy for the treatment of vault prolapse.Methods: In a prospective observational study, we performed infracoccygeal sacropexy to treat 26 patients who had at least grade 3 symptomatic vault prolapse secondary to transvaginal hysterectomy. Data collection included anatomic outcome, and intra- and post-operative complications.Results: The mean patient age was 67 years. The mean operation time was 30 minutes and mean blood loss was 130 ml. No intraoperative rectal perforation was seen, and all patients were discharged within 24 hours of surgery. The symptomatic cure of prolapse rate, urgency, nocturia and pelvic pain was 96.2%, 88.8%, 92.6% and 77% orderly. Only one tape rejection occurred in one of the 26 patients."n  Conclusion: Our initial experience with infracoccygeal sacropexy shows an efficacy similar to other more established surgical techniques for the cure of vault prolapse, but with less surgical morbidity. Therefore, the procedure is found to be efficient and safe, with shorter operation times, reduced postoperative complication and shorter hospital convalescence.

  3. How do delivery mode and parity affect pelvic organ prolapse?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeniel, A Özgür; Ergenoglu, A Mete; Askar, Niyazi; Itil, Ismaıl Mete; Meseri, Reci

    2013-07-01

    To determine the association between mode of delivery, parity, and pelvic organ prolapse, as assessed by the pelvic organ prolapse quantification system. Cross-sectional study. Tertiary referral center, Turkey. A total of 1964 women with benign gynecological disorders who presented between October 2009 and July 2011. Evaluation using the pelvic organ prolapse quantification system and questionnaire assessing previous obstetrics and medical history. Difference in pelvic organ prolapse stages between nulliparous and multiparous women, impact of parity and mode of delivery. In the study population, 86.4, 7.2 and 6.4% had pelvic organ prolapse of stages 0-I, II, and III-IV, respectively, and 7.9% had significant prolapse beyond the hymen. The mean age, parity, and number of vaginal deliveries were significantly higher in the prolapse than in the non-prolapse group. Vaginal delivery was associated with an odds ratio of 2.92 (95% confidence interval 1.19-7.17) for prolapse when compared with nulliparity. Each vaginal delivery increased the risk of prolapse (odds ratio 1.23; 95% confidence interval 1.12-1.35) after controlling for all confounding factors. Cesarean delivery had no impact on the odds for prolapse. Vaginal delivery was an independent risk factor for prolapse, and additional vaginal deliveries significantly increased the risk. However, cesarean delivery had no effect on the development of prolapse in this material. © 2013 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

  4. Application of transvaginal sacrospinous colpopexy in the treatment of pelvic organs prolapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Argirović Rajka B.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The incidence of uterovaginal and vaginal vault prolapse appears to be higher due to the increased longevity of women. Sacrospinous ligament colpopexy is a surgery procedure which suspends the vagina up to the sacrospinous ligament and brings upper vagina over the levator plate. This technique is very useful for the primary treatment of uterovaginal prolapse in young women who want to preserve their fertility. The main aim of our study was to present the effectiveness of the us of this technique at our clinic, to investigate the possible intraoperative and postoperative complications of this technique, and to find out its effectiveness in the prevention of repeated vaginal vault prolapse. Methods. Patients were treated with sacrospinous colpopexy with uterine conservation, vaginal hysterectomy with simultaneous sacrospinous colpopexy or obliteration of the enterocele sac, and sacrospinous colpopexy. Follow-up examinations of the patients we performed at 4 weeks, 6 months and 12 months after the surgery and yearly thereafter. Results. Thirtyseven women were treated with sacrospinous ligament suspension of vaginal vault. The 5 women had vault prolapse following the hysterectomy (the 3 of then had abdominal, and the 2 vaginal hysterectomy, and another 32 women had the various degrees of uterovaginal prolapse. We obtained satisfactory results in 33 patients, in the 3 we noticed asymptomatic cystocele, and the 1 (2,7% had partial vaginal vault prolapse six months after the surgery. With regard to postoperative complications, 3 patients had urination disturbance, 3 patients had urinary tract infection, 2 patients had febrile temperature, and the 2 patients had low back pain. Discussion. We performed sacrospinous fixation on the right side, and the postoperative results demonstrated no disturbance in vaginal axis and vault prolapse except in 1 patient. We had no intraoperative complications noted related to sacrospinous ligament colpopexy

  5. Recurrence of vaginal prolapse after total vaginal hysterectomy with concurrent vaginal uterosacral ligament suspension: comparison between normal-weight and overweight women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rappa, Carlo; Saccone, Gabriele

    2016-11-01

    Obesity is one of the most important risk factors for the development and progression of the pelvic organ prolapse. However, data regarding whether obesity is a risk factor for recurrence after pelvic organ prolapse surgery are controversial. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of recurrent prolapse in any vaginal compartment after total vaginal hysterectomy with concurrent uterosacral ligament vaginal vault suspension among normal-weight women compared with either overweight or obese women. This is a 5-year retrospective cohort study of women who underwent total vaginal hysterectomy with concurrent vaginal uterosacral ligament suspension at one referral center for pelvic organ prolapse in Italy from January 2010 to January 2015. All women who underwent total vaginal hysterectomy with concurrent uterosacral ligament suspension were included in the analysis. Laparoscopic approach was excluded. Women were classified according to the body mass index of 2 groups: (1) normal weight (body mass index, 18.5-24.9 kg/m2) and (2) either overweight (body mass index, 25.0-29.9 kg/m2) or obese (body mass index, ≥30.0 kg/m2). The primary outcome was the incidence of recurrent prolapse in any vaginal compartment (anterior, posterior, or apical). Recurrent prolapse was defined as prolapse extending beyond the hymen with straining (pelvic organ prolapse quantification points Ba, C, Bp ≥0) or repeat treatment for prolapse with either pessary or surgery. Uterosacral ligament suspensions were performed with a vaginal approach with the use of sutures placed in the intermediate uterosacral ligament, at or above the ischial spine, and affixed to the vaginal apex. Delayed absorbable sutures were used, with 2 sutures per side. Three hundred sixty women who underwent total vaginal hysterectomy with concurrent uterosacral ligament suspension with at least 6 months of follow up after surgery were included in the study. The overall incidence of recurrent prolapse in any vaginal

  6. Combining interscalene brachial plexus block with intravenous-inhalation combined anesthesia for upper extremity fractures surgery: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Lan; Tang, Wei; Fu, Guo-qiang; Wang, Jian; Guo, Jun; Chen, Wen-ting

    2014-12-01

    A parallel-group randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted to evaluate the effect of combining the interscalene brachial plexus block (IBPB) with Intravenous-inhalation combined anesthesia to isolated Intravenous-inhalation anesthesia in the upper extremity fractures surgery of elderly patients. One hundred elderly patients who underwent upper extremity surgery were randomly assigned to received isolated Intravenous-inhalation combined anesthesia (group CI, n = 50) and IBPB associated with Intravenous-inhalation combined anesthesia (group NB, n = 50). Associated side effects, recovery time after operation, as well as the dose of intraoperative vasoactive agents and auxiliary drugs were noted. The two groups were not significantly different in gender (P = 0.539), ages (P = 0.683) and weight (P = 0.212). Five patients (10%) in the group NB and 17 patients (34%) in the group CI suffered from preoperative hypotension (P = 0.004). Besides, lower incidence of other adverse effects such as mental stress, incision pain and hypertension were also found in the group NB; however, the differences were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The consumption of general anesthetics in the group NB was significantly less than that of the group CI (propofol, P = 0.004; lsoflurane, P < 0.001), and the recovery time of the group NB was significantly shorter than that of the group CI (P = 0.020). Combining IBPB with Intravenous-inhalation combined anesthesia in elderly patients hold a greater potential for upper extremity fractures surgery due to its improved clinical effectiveness and fewer side effects. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  7. Electrocardiographic changes in rats undergoing thoracic surgery under combined parenteral anesthesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín Barrasa, Jose Luis; Santana Rodríguez, Norberto; Rodríguez-Pérez, Jose Carlos; Hidalgo, Araceli Caballero; García, Antonio Torres; Camarillo, Jose Antonio Ibancovichi; Santisteban, Pedro Llontop; Mireles, Marcos Barbosa; González, Miguel Ponce; Chico, Bonifacio Díaz

    2008-10-01

    To compare two protocols of combined parenteral general anesthesia, the authors analyzed electrocardiographic changes in anesthetized rats undergoing left pneumonectomy. One group of rats was anesthetized with a combination of medetomidine and ketamine (group 1, n = 10), and the other was injected with diazepam and ketamine (group 2, n = 10). Investigators obtained two electrocardiograms from each rat, one before surgery (5 min after anesthesia) and one after surgery (60 min after anesthesia). Anesthetic induction was quick for all rats, though four rats in group 2 died before surgery. Mean cardiac frequency and R-wave amplitude were significantly lower in rats in group 1 than in rats in group 2. Rats in group 1 received injections of atipamezole about 60 min after surgery, which reversed the effects of medetomidine; these rats regained voluntary respiratory movement more quickly than did rats in group 2. Two additional rats in group 2 died during postsurgical recovery. These results suggest that for thoracic surgery in rats, medetomidine-ketamine is an appropriate anesthetic combination, may be safer than diazepam-ketamine and yields a shorter recovery time.

  8. Combined Use of Facial Osteoplasty and Orthognathic Surgery for Treatment of Dentofacial Deformities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yunfeng; Hu, Zhiai; Ye, Bin; Liu, Yao; Ren, Xiaochun; Zhu, Songsong

    2016-12-01

    Orthognathic surgery is an efficient procedure for cosmetic and functional aims. However, when functional improvement is achieved by mandibular or maxillary operations, additional esthetic corrections may be imperative for some patients. This study aims to introduce our primary practice of simultaneous facial bone contouring and orthognathic surgery for esthetic reasons. Ten patients with dentofacial deformities as well as a prominent angle, asymmetric deformities, or a high zygoma and zygomatic arch were recruited from West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University (Chengdu, China), between January 1, 2014, and July 31, 2015. Traditional orthognathic surgical procedures such as bilateral sagittal split osteotomy and Le Fort I osteotomy combined with facial osteoplasty including mandibular angle ostectomy, outer cortex ostectomy of the mandibular angle, and zygoma and zygomatic arch reduction were performed. Radiographs and medical photographs were taken before and after surgery to compare the effectiveness of the combined use of facial osteoplasty and orthognathic surgery. All patients had an uneventful postoperative recovery, with no signs of infection, jaw displacement, or osteonecrosis. Radiographs taken 1 week after surgery and pictures of the facial profile and occlusion taken 6 months after surgery showed satisfactory esthetic outcomes. All patients were satisfied with the functional and cosmetic results. This study indicated the clinical feasibility of simultaneous facial bone contouring and orthognathic surgery for the treatment of dentofacial deformities. Simultaneous facial bone contouring seems to be an alternative procedure in addition to conventional orthognathic surgery for cosmetic aims in certain patients. Copyright © 2016 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Concurrent Occurrence of Uterovaginal and Rectal Prolapse: An ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    equipment and skills are lacking, sacrohysteropexy with synthetic mesh and rectopexy can be accomplished by laparotomy, especially in ... Keywords: Concomitant, Rectal prolapse, Utero-vaginal prolapse. Access this article online .... abdominal sacrocolpopexy and vaginal sacrospinous ligament fixation procedures.

  10. Cytoreductive surgery combined with intraoperative hyperthermic intrathoracic chemotherapy for stage I malignant pleural mesothelioma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ruth, S.; Baas, P.; Haas, R. L. M.; Rutgers, E. J. Th; Verwaal, V. J.; Zoetmulder, F. A. N.

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a disease mostly confined to the thoracic cavity. Untreated, the median survival is <1 year. Cytoreductive surgery combined with intraoperative hyperthermic intrathoracic chemotherapy is used to kill residual tumor cells on the surface of the

  11. Effect of Sagittal Balance on Risk of Falling after Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion Surgery Combined with Posterior Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Byung Ho; Yang, Jae Ho; Kim, Hak Sun; Suk, Kyung Soo; Lee, Hwan Mo; Park, Jin Oh; Moon, Seong Hwan

    2017-11-01

    To demonstrate the impact of correcting sagittal balance (SB) on functional outcomes of surgical treatment for degenerative spinal disease and actual falls via utilization of new minimally invasive lumbar fusion techniques via a lateral approach. From November 2011 to March 2015, we enrolled 56 patients who underwent minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) and matched 112 patients receiving decompression/postero-lateral fusion (PLF) surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis. According to SB status using C7-plumb line-distance (C7PL) and surgery type, patients were divided into three groups: SB PLF, sagittal imbalance (SI) PLF, and LLIF groups. We then compared their outcomes. The mean C7PL was 6.2±13.6 mm in the SB PLF group, 72.9±33.8 mm in the SI PLF group, and 74.8±38.2 mm in the LLIF group preoperatively. Postoperatively, C7PL in only the LLIF group improved significantly (p=0.000). Patients in the LLIF group showed greater improvement in fall-related functional test scores than the SI PLF group (p=0.007 for Alternate-Step test, p=0.032 for Sit-to-Stand test). The average number of postoperative falls was 0.4±0.7 in the SB PLF group, 1.1±1.4 in the SI PLF group, and 0.8±1.0 in the LLIF group (p=0.041). Oswestry Disability Index and the Euro-QoL 5 dimension visual analogue scale scores also showed greater improvements in the LLIF group than in the SI PLF group at postoperative 1 year (p=0.003, 0.016). Surgical correction of SI in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis using a combination of minimal invasive LLIF and posterior surgery achieved better surgical outcomes and a lower incidence of actual falls than PLF surgery.

  12. Patient considerations in cataract surgery – the role of combined therapy using phenylephrine and ketorolac

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalez-Salinas R

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Roberto Gonzalez-Salinas,1,2 Adriano Guarnieri,3 María Concepción Guirao Navarro,3 Manuel Saenz-de-Viteri3 1Department of Biomedical Research, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Querétaro, Mexico; 2Department of Research, Asociación para Evitar la Ceguera en México, Mexico City, Mexico; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain Abstract: Cataract, a degradation of the optical quality of the crystalline lens, progressive and age-related, is the leading cause of treatable blindness worldwide. Cataract surgery is the most common surgical procedure performed by ophthalmologists and is the only effective treatment for cataracts. Advances in the surgical techniques and better postoperative visual outcomes have progressively changed the primary concern of cataract surgery to become a procedure refined to yield the best possible refractive results. Sufficient mydriasis during cataract removal is critical to a successful surgical outcome. Poor pupil dilation can lead to serious sight-threatening complications that significantly increase the cost of surgery and decrease patients comfort. Mydriasis is obtained using anticholinergic and sympathomimetic drugs. Phenylephrine, an α1-adrenergic receptor agonist, can efficiently dilate the pupil when administered by intracameral injection. Additionally, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs like ketorolac, which inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins, are used to decrease intraoperative miosis, control pain and inflammation associated with cataract surgery, and to prevent the development of cystoid macular edema following surgery. Recently, a new combination of phenylephrine and ketorolac (Omidria® has been approved by United States Food and Drug Administration for use during cataract surgery to maintain intraoperative mydriasis, prevent miosis, and reduce postoperative pain and inflammation. Clinical trials have shown that this new combination is effective

  13. Determinants and Management Outcomes of Pelvic Organ Prolapse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    one operation to correct incontinence or prolapse has been estimated at approximately 11%.[2] In a women's health initiative report, 34% of women had anterior vaginal wall prolapse, 19% had posterior vaginal wall prolapse and 14% had uterine ... Subjects and Methods: A 5‑year cross‑sectional study with retrospective.

  14. Rectal lipoma associated with genital prolapse | Krishnan | Annals of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We present the case of a 58‑year‑old post‑menopausal lady presenting with rectal bleeding and utero‑vaginal prolapse. The prolapsing mass was excised, and histopathological examination diagnosed the lesion to be a lipoma. Keywords: Mature adipocytes, Rectal bleeding, Rectal lipoma, Utero‑vaginal prolapse ...

  15. Rectal and genital prolapse in Nigerian newborns: Case reports and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Genital prolapse in the newborn is a rare clinical condition often times seen in association with congenital myelo‑meningocele, or this could occur following shigellosis infection. We therefore report two neonates with rectal prolapse following diarrhea and utero‑vaginal prolapse associated with congenital spinal bifida.

  16. Silicone elastomer sling for rectal prolapse in cats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corgozinho, Katia Barão; Belchior, Cristiane; de Souza, Heloisa Justen Moreira; Ferreira, Ana Maria; Resende, Carolina; Damico, Brandão; Cunha, Simone

    2010-01-01

    This study reports 2 cases of recurrent rectal prolapse secondary to anal abnormality in cats. In both cases the anus was wide, leading to a rectal mucosal prolapse during defecation. A silicone elastomer sling was introduced around the anus, and the rectal prolapse was definitively resolved. PMID:20676293

  17. Risk factors and perinatal outcome of umbilical cord prolapse in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2001-07-01

    Aim: The goal of this study was to identify risk factors associated with umbilical cord prolapse and to document the perinatal outcome of cases of cord prolapse. Materials and Methods: During the period of the study (from July 1, 2001 and June 30, 2007), forty-six cases of umbilical cord prolapse were identified from the labor ...

  18. Do patients prefer mesh or anterior colporrhaphy for primary correction of anterior vaginal wall prolapse: a labelled discrete choice experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notten, K J B; Essers, B A; Weemhoff, M; Rutten, A G H; Donners, J J A E; van Gestel, I; Kruitwagen, R F P M; Roovers, J P W R; Dirksen, C D

    2015-05-01

    We investigated patients' preferences for anterior colporrhaphy or mesh surgery as surgical correction of anterior vaginal wall prolapse. Labelled discrete choice experiment. Three Dutch teaching hospitals. Women with anterior vaginal wall prolapse Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification stage 2 or more, indicated for anterior colporrhaphy (n = 100). Discrete choice experiments are an attribute-based survey method for measuring preferences. In this experiment, women were asked to choose between two treatment scenarios, mesh surgery or anterior colporrhaphy. These surgical treatments differed in four treatment attributes: (i) recurrence rate, (ii) exposure rate, (iii) infection rate, (iv) dyspareunia. Data were analysed using a multinomial logit model. Women's preferences for anterior colporrhaphy or mesh surgery for the repair of vaginal wall prolapse. All treatment attributes, i.e. recurrence, exposure, infection and dyspareunia, proved to be significant in the woman's decision to choose mesh surgery (P experiment, anterior colporrhaphy was preferred in 74% as a primary correction of anterior vaginal wall prolapse, followed by a preference for mesh in 26% of all choices. This study showed that next to the risk of recurrence, other aspects like risk of infection, dyspareunia and exposure play a role in the woman's preference for a surgical treatment. In addition, our results indicate that anterior colporrhaphy is preferred in the majority of the choices, followed by a preference for mesh surgery in a quarter of all choice sets. However, these results represent the average preference of a sample of women and cannot be taken as the preference of each individual. In the medical decision-making context, information from the current study should be personalised to fit patient's unique circumstances. For patients to construct their own, individual preferences, they should be well informed about the existence and magnitude of the potential benefits and risks related to

  19. Laparoscopic posterior mesh rectopexy for rectal prolapse is a safe procedure in older patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyrberg, D L; Nordentoft, T; Rosenstock, S

    2015-01-01

    , comorbidity, and previous surgery for rectal prolapse were ascertained from patient charts. Information on operative procedure, and pre- and postoperative complications were recorded. Short- and long-term follow-up were done after a median of 60 days and 2 years after surgery. RESULTS: Between 1 February 2009......BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study is to examine the clinical and functional outcome of laparoscopic posterior rectopexy in a consecutive series of adult patients with full-thickness rectal prolapse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Preoperative data on demography, life-style practices, medication...... and major complications were seen in 5.3% and 14.8%, respectively. The 30-day mortality rate was 1.2%. Constipation or incontinence improved or disappeared in 65.2% and 74.4%, respectively. The cumulated recurrence rate was 11.1% after a median observation time of 2 years. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic posterior...

  20. Variation in the practice of laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy and laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse: a Dutch survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ijsselmuiden, M.N.; Kerkhof, M.H.; Schellart, R.P.; Bongers, M.Y.; Spaans, W.A.; Eijndhoven, H.W. van

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Laparoscopic techniques for pelvic organ prolapse surgery using mesh are gaining interest. A standard approach or published guideline for the laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy (LSH) or laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) is lacking. The purpose of this study is to assess the

  1. Cytoreductive surgery combined with hyperthermic intrapleural chemotherapy to treat thymoma or thymic carcinoma with pleural dissemination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu L

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Lei Yu,1 Yun Jing,2 Shan Ma,1 Fei Li,1 Yun-Feng Zhang11Department of Thoracic Surgery, 2Department of Neurology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, People’s Republic of ChinaBackground: The treatment of thymoma or thymic carcinoma with pleural dissemination remains controversial due to the unpredictable natural history of this tumor. Our study discusses the combination of cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intrapleural chemotherapy to treat thymoma or thymic carcinoma with pleural dissemination.Methods: From February 2008 to January 2010, there were four patients with pleural thymoma metastases undergoing cytoreductive surgery and intrathoracic hyperthermic perfusion with chemotherapy at our department. After video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, the hyperthermic perfusion system was set up for hyperthermic intrapleural chemotherapy. The thoracic cavity was perfused at a speed of approximately 1.8–2.3 L/min with 0.9% normal saline. The intrathoracic temperature remained between 42°C and 43°C. The perfusion process lasted for 2 hours.Results: There were no perioperative deaths. During the hyperthermic perfusion, the patient's core temperature varied from 36.3°C and 39.3°C and pulse varied from 59 beats/min and 126 beats/min. Intraoperative sinus tachycardia occurred in two elderly patients. No hematologic toxicity and nephrotoxicity was observed within 1 week after surgery. Postoperative pneumonia occurred in one elderly patient. Patients were followed up for 1–4 years. One elderly patient died of heart failure 1 year after surgery. There were no patients with local recurrence or metastases to distant sites.Conclusions: Cytoreductive surgery and intrathoracic hyperthermic perfusion with chemotherapy may be effective in treating thymoma or thymic carcinoma with pleural dissemination and has an encouraging impact on the patients’ long-term survival.Keywords: thymoma, pleural dissemination, surgery, hyperthermia

  2. Urethral mucosal prolapse in young girls: A report of nine cases in Cotonou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiogbe M

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Urethral mucosal prolapse is rare. This condition may be confused with tumour or sexual abuse in girls. This study aims at reporting the pathology presentation and therapeutic options of urethral prolapse in girls. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was undertaken from January 2000 to December 2008. Authors analysed the clinical features and the treatment options. Results: There were nine cases of urethral prolapse. The ages ranged from 2.5 to 10 years (mean age: 5.08 years. The main presentation was vaginal bleeding (five cases. Physical examination revealed a soft, non-tender mass that bleeds on touch (six cases, with a length ranging from 0.75 to 1 cm. Urine culture in four patients revealed urinary infection that yielded Escherichia coli in three cases and the Staphylococcus aureus in one case. Six patients had surgical treatment while three had medical treatment. In those who had surgery, one had acute urine retention and one had recurrence that was treated successfully without operation. All the nine girls are cured. Conclusion: Urethral prolapse is a disease of the prepubertal girls of low socio-economic group. Diagnosis is clinical. The treatment of choice is surgical.

  3. Robotic versus laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for apical prolapse: a case-control study

    Science.gov (United States)

    CUCINELLA, G.; CALAGNA, G.; ROMANO, G.; DI BUONO, G.; GUGLIOTTA, G.; SAITTA, S.; ADILE, G.; MANZONE, M.; ACCARDI, G.; PERINO, A.; AGRUSA, A.

    2016-01-01

    The apical prolapse has always been considered the most complex of the defects of the pelvic floor, for both the difficulty of the surgical corrective technique and for the high post-surgical recurrence rate. Today, the laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy can be considered the standard treatment for apical prolapse. In the last years, several author performed robotic sacrocolpopexy, obtaining positive results. So, we developed a case-control study in order to compare the surgical outcome of robotic group with a control group of laparoscopic approach in patients with symptomatic apical pro-lapsed between January 2015 and December 2015 at University Hospital Policlinico “P. Giaccone” and Ospedali Riuniti “Villa Sofia-Cervello”, Palermo. Our experience shows that robotic sacrocolpopexy can be considered in positive way for clinical results obtained: all procedures were executed with no complications, we noted a lower intraoperative blood loss and a shorter hospital stay than in laparoscopic group. Although the mean operative time and the economic costs are higher in robotic surgery, this study demonstrates that the use of robotic platform for repairing of symptomatic apical vaginal prolapse is feasible, safe and associated with short-term satisfactory results, representing therefore a valid alternative to laparoscopic approach. PMID:27734794

  4. Unexpected premalignant gynecological lesions in women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy for utero-vaginal prolapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assem A.M. Elbiaa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the study was to estimate the incidence of unexpected premalignant gynecological lesions in women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy for utero-vaginal prolapse. Material and methods : Eighty women with asymptomatic utero-vaginal prolapse were included in this prospective study for vaginal hysterectomy after preoperative preparation and after written informed consent. Women included in this study were screened preoperatively by high vaginal swab, Pap smear, endometrial biopsy and trans-vaginal ultrasound. Surgically removed uteri and ovaries were sent for histopathological examination. Results of histopathological examination as gold standard were compared with conventional gynecological screening methods. Results : Histopathological examination of surgically removed uteri and ovaries after vaginal hysterectomy for uterovaginal prolapse showed abnormal findings in 61.25% (49/80 of studied cases (10 chronic cervicitis; 20 cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia-1 [CIN-1]; 5 CIN-2; 2 CIN-3; 10 simple endometrial hyperplasia without atypia and 2 simple serous ovarian cyst. Also, histopathological examination showed premalignant changes in 33.75% (27/80 of studied cases (20 CIN-1; 5 CIN-2 and 2 CIN-3, which mean 50% sensitivity of pre-operative Pap smear to detect premalignant cervical changes. Conclusions : Asymptomatic women with utero-vaginal prolapse may have associated premalignant lesions which may not be detected by conventional screening methods, and this should be explained preoperatively for women undergoing surgery, especially if conservative management was considered.

  5. Comparison of 2 transvaginal surgical approaches and perioperative behavioral therapy for apical vaginal prolapse: the OPTIMAL randomized trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, Matthew D; Brubaker, Linda; Burgio, Kathryn L; Richter, Holly E; Nygaard, Ingrid; Weidner, Alison C; Menefee, Shawn A; Lukacz, Emily S; Norton, Peggy; Schaffer, Joseph; Nguyen, John N; Borello-France, Diane; Goode, Patricia S; Jakus-Waldman, Sharon; Spino, Cathie; Warren, Lauren Klein; Gantz, Marie G; Meikle, Susan F

    2014-03-12

    More than 300,000 surgeries are performed annually in the United States for pelvic organ prolapse. Sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSLF) and uterosacral ligament suspension (ULS) are commonly performed transvaginal surgeries to correct apical prolapse. Little is known about their comparative efficacy and safety, and it is unknown whether perioperative behavioral therapy with pelvic floor muscle training (BPMT) improves outcomes of prolapse surgery. To compare outcomes between (1) SSLF and ULS and (2) perioperative BPMT and usual care in women undergoing surgery for vaginal prolapse and stress urinary incontinence. Multicenter, 2 × 2 factorial, randomized trial of 374 women undergoing surgery to treat both apical vaginal prolapse and stress urinary incontinence was conducted between 2008 and 2013 at 9 US medical centers. Two-year follow-up rate was 84.5%. The surgical intervention was transvaginal surgery including midurethral sling with randomization to SSLF (n = 186) or ULS (n = 188); the behavioral intervention was randomization to receive perioperative BPMT (n = 186) or usual care (n = 188). The primary outcome for the surgical intervention (surgical success) was defined as (1) no apical descent greater than one-third into vaginal canal or anterior or posterior vaginal wall beyond the hymen (anatomic success), (2) no bothersome vaginal bulge symptoms, and (3) no re-treatment for prolapse at 2 years. For the behavioral intervention, primary outcome at 6 months was urinary symptom scores (Urinary Distress Inventory; range 0-300, higher scores worse), and primary outcomes at 2 years were prolapse symptom scores (Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory; range 0-300, higher scores worse) and anatomic success. At 2 years, surgical group was not significantly associated with surgical success rates (ULS, 59.2% [93/157] vs SSLF, 60.5% [92/152]; unadjusted difference, -1.3%; 95% CI, -12.2% to 9.6%; adjusted odds ratio [OR], 0.9; 95% CI, 0.6 to 1

  6. Assessing patient satisfaction with cataract surgery under topical anesthesia supplemented by intracameral lidocaine combined with sedation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Bezerril Cipião Fernandes

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: Ocular akinesia, the use of anticoagulants, and patient collaboration are some of the factors that must be taken into consideration when choosing the appropriate anesthesia for phacoemulsification cataract surgery. The satisfaction of patients with the use of topical anesthesia and conscious sedation for this procedure has not been enough described in Brazil. Conscious sedation allows patient walk and answer a voice command. To assess the satisfaction, pain, and perioperative hemodynamic alterations of patients subjected to phacoemulsification under conscious sedation and topical anesthesia supplemented with intracameral lidocaine. METHODS: Prospective cohort non-controlled study that included patients treated by the same surgical team over a 70-day period. Sedation was performed with midazolam at a total dose of 3 mg and topical anesthesia with 0.5% proxymetacaine chlorhydrate and 2% lidocaine gel combined with 2% lidocaine by intracameral route. The intraoperative vital parameters, scores based on the Iowa Satisfaction with Anesthesia Scale (ISAS, and the pain visual analog scale (VAS were recorded at several time points after surgery. RESULTS: A total of 106 patients were enroled in study (73.6% female, the mean age was 65.9 years. The surgical procedures lasted 11.2 minutes on average. The hemodynamic parameters did not exhibit significant changes at any of the investigated time points. The average ISAS score was 2.67 immediately after surgery and 2.99 eight hours after the surgery; this increase was statistically significant (p<0.0001. More than two-thirds (68.9% of the participants (73 patients did not report any pain in the transoperative period, and 98.1% of patients denied the occurrence of pain after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Patients that received topical anesthesia supplemented by intracameral lidocaine combined with sedation for phacoemulsification cataract surgery reported adequate level of satisfaction with the anesthetic

  7. Robotic mitral valve repair for degenerative posterior leaflet prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javadikasgari, Hoda; Suri, Rakesh M; Tappuni, Bassman; Lowry, Ashley M; Mihaljevic, Tomislav; Mick, Stephanie; Gillinov, A Marc

    2017-01-01

    Robotic mitral valve (MV) repair is the least invasive surgical approach to the MV and provides unparalleled access to the valve. We sought to assess technical aspects and clinical outcomes of robotic MV repair for isolated posterior leaflet prolapse by examining the first 623 such cases performed in a tertiary care center. We reviewed the first 623 patients (mean age 56±9.7 years) with isolated posterior leaflet prolapse who underwent robotic primary MV repair from 01/2006 to 11/2013. All procedures were performed via right chest access with femoral perfusion for cardiopulmonary bypass. MV repair was attempted in all patients; 622 (99.8%) underwent MV repair and only 1 (0.2%) converted to replacement. After an initial attempt at robotic MV repair, 8 (1.3%) patients were converted to sternotomy as a result of management of residual mitral regurgitation (n=3), bleeding (n=1), difficulties with surgical exposure (n=2), aortic valve injury (n=1), and aortic dissection (n=1). Intraoperative post-repair echocardiography confirmed that all patients left the operating room with MR graded as mild or less, and pre-discharge echocardiography confirmed mild or less MR in 573 (99.1%). There was no hospital death, sternal wound infection, or renal failure. Seven (1.1%) patients suffered a stroke, 11 (1.8%) patients underwent re-exploration for bleeding, and 111 (19%) experienced new-onset atrial fibrillation. The mean intensive care unit length of stay and hospital length of stay were 29±17 hours and 4.6±1.6 days, respectively. At a large tertiary care referral center, robotic MV repair for posterior prolapse is associated with zero mortality, infrequent operative morbidity, and near 100% successful repair. The combination of a patient selection algorithm and increased experience improved clinical outcomes and procedural efficiency.

  8. Cytoreductive Surgery Combined with Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Intraoperative Chemotherapy in the Treatment of Advanced Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

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    Antonios-Apostolos K. Tentes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims. Intraperitoneal intraoperative hyperthermic chemotherapy (HIPEC has been used in the treatment of ovarian cancer. The purpose of the study is to determine the efficacy of HIPEC after cytoreductive surgery in advanced ovarian cancer. Patients/Methods. From 2006 to 2010 patients with advanced ovarian cancer were enrolled in a prospective nonrandomized study to undergo cytoreductive surgery combined with HIPEC. Clinical and histopathological variables were correlated to hospital mortality, morbidity, survival, and recurrences. Results. The mean age of 43 women was 59.9±13.8 (16–82 years. The hospital mortality and morbidity rate were 4.7% and 51.2%, respectively. Complete cytoreduction was possible in 69.8%. The overall 5-year survival rate was 54%. The prognostic indicators of survival were the extent of prior surgery (=0.048 and the extent of peritoneal dissemination (=0.011. The recurrence rate was 30.2%. Conclusions. Maximal cytoreductive surgery combined with HIPEC is a well-tolerated, feasible, and promising method of treatment in advanced ovarian cancer.

  9. [Fast track surgery combined with laparoscopy in the treatment of infant Hirschsprung disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Weibing; Geng, Qiming; Zhang, Jie; Chen, Huan; Lyu, Xiaofeng; Lu, Changgui; Jiang, Weiwei; Li, Wei; Li, Bo; Xu, Xiaoqun

    2014-08-01

    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of fast track surgery (FTS) combined with laparoscopy in the treatment of infant Hirschsprung disease. Clinical data of 72 infants with Hirschsprung disease undergoing elective pull-through surgery from June 2010 to June 2013 were retrospectively summarized. The patients were divided into two groups: fast track surgery combined with laparoscopy group (FTS group, n=33) and laparoscopic surgery with traditional management perioperatively (control group, n=39). Postoperative intestinal function recovery, hospital stay, cost of hospitalization, complications were compared and postoperative recovery was followed-up for four weeks. There were no significant differences in intraoperative blood loss and operative time between FTS and control group (both P>0.05). The recovery of bowel movement was earlier in the FTS group but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.078). The hospital stay was shorter [(10 ± 2) d vs. (14 ± 4) d] and cost of hospitalization was lower [(15 316 ± 2273) Yuan vs. (18 641 ± 3082) Yuan] in FTS group than those in control group(PHirschsprung disease is safe and effective.

  10. Vaginal Approaches Using Synthetic Mesh to Treat Pelvic Organ Prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Jei Won; Chae, Hee Dong

    2016-02-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a very common condition in elderly women. In women with POP, a sacrocolpopexy or a vaginal hysterectomy with anterior and posterior colporrhaphy has long been considered as the gold standard of treatment. However, in recent decades, the tendency to use a vaginal approach with mesh for POP surgery has been increasing. A vaginal approach using mesh has many advantages, such as its being less invasive than an abdominal approach and easier to do than a laparoscopic approach and its having a lower recurrence rate than a traditional approach. However, the advantages of a vaginal approach with mesh for POP surgery must be weighed against the disadvantages. Specific complications that have been reported when using mesh in POP procedures are mesh erosion, dyspareunia, hematomas, urinary incontinence and so on, and evidence supporting the use of transvaginal surgery with mesh is still lacking. Hence, surgeons should understand the details of the surgical pelvic anatomy, the various surgical techniques for POP surgery, including using mesh, and the possible side effects of using mesh.

  11. The management of pelvic organ prolapse in England: a 4-year analysis of hospital episode statistics (HES) data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismail, S I F

    2014-08-01

    The aim of this study was to establish the number and trend of surgical procedures and pessary management of pelvic organ prolapse in England, using Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data. An online search ( www.hesonline.nhs.uk ) was carried out. The number of various surgical procedures, as well as pessary insertions and removals for pelvic organ prolapse was obtained. Data were available for the 4-year period March 2002 to June 2005. Over 20,000 procedures performed and 600 pessaries inserted annually. The total number of patients having treatment for pelvic organ prolapse as well as the number of patients having surgery and pessary in English hospitals increased by data sooner and for longer periods as well as the use of more specific codes are needed to provide more useful information.

  12. Localized venous plexi in the spine simulating prolapse of an intervertebral disc: a report of six cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammer, Alan; Knight, Ian; Agarwal, Anand

    2003-01-01

    Six cases are reported in which the clinical presentation of a prolapsed intervertebral disc was found to be caused by a localized venous plexus. To emphasize the fact that the clinical presentation of a localized plexus of epidural veins in the lumbar spine can resemble that of an acute disc prolapse. The finding of enlarged epidural veins during lumbar disc decompression is relatively common, but it is only recently that they have been implicated as the cause of the presenting symptoms. Six individuals presented with severe pain in the lower back accompanied by sciatica, which had begun acutely. Physical examination in most of these patients showed the presence of neurologic signs in the affected leg. The initial clinical assessment was that of an acute prolapse of a lumbar disc. This diagnosis appeared to be borne out by the MRI scans, which demonstrated a "prolapsed disc" at the relevant level of the spine. However, at surgery, the intervertebral disc appeared to be relatively normal, but at the spine was found a large, localized plexus of epidural veins whose configuration matched the MRI image. The symptoms were relieved by decompression of the spine and ablation of the veins. Any pathologic process in the lumbar spine compressing a nerve root can cause localized pain in the back accompanied by sciatica. Most of these conditions can be differentiated by means of an MRI scan. The MRI image of a localized plexus of epidural veins, however, closely resembles that of a prolapsed intervertebral disc, which may be diagnostically misleading.

  13. [Experiences gained with a combined ketamin anaesthesia for eye-surgery on cats (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mester, U; Stein, H J; Pillat-Moog, U

    1977-02-23

    A combined anaesthesia with ketamine, urethane und propionylpromazine was performed on 30 cats for lengthy eye-surgery operations. This schedule of anaesthesia proved to be most advantageous because of the promt onset and the sufficient degree of anaesthesia, which could be maintained for hours without complications. Open manometric tonometry showed no raised intraocular pressure during the anaesthesia with a mean value of 27.6 mm Hg, which is within the normal range of IOP for cats.

  14. Surgically Treated Symptomatic Prolapsed Lumbar and Sacral ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sciatica is a relatively common condition with a lifetime incidence varying from 13 to 40%.[1] The corresponding annual incidence of an episode of sciatica ranges from 1 to 5%.[1]. Intervertebral disc prolapse, protrusion, or extrusion account for less than 5% (though some reports put it between 5% and. 10%) of all low back ...

  15. urethral prolapse: a case report and

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    was satisfactory and the child was in a normal state 'of continence by discharge on the 7*h postoperative day. At follow up one year after ... diagnosis. Routine evaluation with excretory urography and voiding cystourethrography is unnecessary, except when there is good reason to suspect malignancy, prolapsed.

  16. CORD PROLAPSE, ASSOCIATED FACTORS AND FETAL OUTCOME

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    there were a total of 6924 deliveries amongst which 47 were complicated by umbilical cord prolapse (2.8 per 1000 deliveries). Among the women with cord ... Artificial rupture of membranes was carried out in 40.4%. This study shows ... no fetal heart tones and only 31.8% of the babies were alive after five minutes. Several ...

  17. GENITOURINARY PROLAPSE AND JOINT HYPERMOBILITY IN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hi-tech

    2000-12-12

    Dec 12, 2000 ... Jesse, E., Owen, D. and Sher, K. The benign hypermobile joint syndrome. Arth. Rheum. 1980; 23:1053 - 1056. 8. Al-Rawi, Z.S. and Al-Rawi, Z.T. Joint hypermobility in women with genital prolapse. Lancet. 1982; 1439- 1441. 9. Bird, H., Calguneri, M. and Wright, V. Changes in joint laxity during pregnancy.

  18. Case Report - Intestinal prolapse through a persistent ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Persistent omphalomesenteric duct as a cause of small-bowel obstruction is an exceptional finding. A neonate presented with occlusion due to intestinal prolapse through a persistent omphalomesenteric duct. Remnants of the duct were successfully resected, and the postoperative course was uneventful. We discuss the ...

  19. Vesicovaginal fistula presenting as urogenital prolapse

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Urogenital prolapse is a common condition, which along with urinary incontinence, faecal incontinence and voiding dysfunctions make up an interrelated group of conditions collectively known as disorders of the pelvic floor. In our case, there was a history of direct trauma from an automobile accident with associated pelvic ...

  20. Rectal Lipoma Associated with Genital Prolapse

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mass. She underwent vaginal hysterectomy with pelvic floor repair. This was ... Departments of Surgical Gastroenterology, 1Pathology, 2Microbiology, Sree Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences,. 3Dermatology and ... Keywords: Mature adipocytes, Rectal bleeding, Rectal lipoma, Utero‑vaginal prolapse. Access this article ...

  1. Distribution pattern of surgically treated symptomatic prolapsed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The pattern of distribution of surgically treated symptomatic prolapsed lumbar and sacral intervertebral discs has been published, though scantily, especially in males. We decided to look at our own series, compare and contrast ours with some of those published. Materials and Methods: We treated 88 locations ...

  2. Uterine prolapse prevention in Eastern Nepal: the perspectives of women and health care professionals

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    Radl CM

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Christina M Rad,l Ranjita Rajwar, Arja R AroUniversity of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, DenmarkAbstract: Uterine prolapse is a major reproductive health issue in Nepal. There is a wide range of literature available on the causes and risk factors of uterine prolapse and on the ways to prevent and treat it. There is still a lack of published evidence on what prevention and treatment services are working well or the attitudes toward them. This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study on primary and secondary prevention of uterine prolapse in Eastern Nepal.Method: The study involved eight focus group discussions with 71 women in six villages of the eastern districts of Siraha and Saptari and 14 qualitative interviews with health professionals from the local to central level. The group discussions and interviews covered the awareness levels of uterine prolapse and its prevention and treatment, as well as participants' opinions on and experiences with the services offered.Results: It was found that patriarchy, gender discrimination, and cultural traditions such as early marriage and pregnancy make it difficult for people to discontinue uterine prolapse risk behaviors. Women are aware of risk factors, prevention, and treatment, but are powerless to change their situations. Health professionals and women are fond of surgery as treatment, but opinions on the use of ring pessaries and pelvic floor muscle training are split.Conclusion: The main recommendation that can be drawn from this study is that research on the effectiveness of early treatments, such as ring pessaries and exercise, should be conducted. Furthermore, the involvement of other target groups (husbands, adolescents, and mothers-in-law needs to be increased in order to make it easier for women to adapt low-risk behaviors. Finally, uterine prolapse prevention should be better integrated in national reproductive health services. Enforcing transparency, monitoring systems, and

  3. [Translabial ultrasonography in pelvic floor prolapse and urinary incontinence diagnostics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pietrus, Miłosz; Pityński, Kazimierz; Bałajewicz-Nowak, Marta; Wiecheć, Marcin; Knafel, Anna; Ludwin, Artur; Dziechciowski, Marek; Nocuń, Agnieszka

    2012-09-01

    Technological advances in the construction of sonographic devices and increasingly universal access to such tests considerably widens the range of diagnostic application of the sonographic examination. This situation also refers to pelvic organs prolapse. At present, sonographic sets used in everyday obstetrical-gynecological practice allow for insight into the structures forming the female pelvic floor, and the obtained images constitute a valuable addition to the physical examination. Positioning the sonographic transducer on a the perineum enables to visualize the three compartments of the female pelvis minor. After freezing the image, it is possible to assess the position of anatomical structures in relation to bones and designated surfaces, establish mutual distances and measure appropriate angles. Most information can be obtained in this manner within the range of the frontal compartment, whose damage is often linked with urinary incontinence. The examination standards developed so far, including the analysis of the quantitative parameters, greatly minimize the potential subjectivity of the assessment of the existing disorders. Apart from its low costs, the main value of the sonographic examination of the pelvic floor is the possibility to dynamically assess the changes in statics which take place during functional testing. Not only does it have a cognitive significance, but also it allows to adjust the scope of the surgical correction to the existing damages. Thus, indirectly it can contribute to the reduction of a number of subsequent remedial surgeries. Three-dimensional sonography allows to thoroughly examine the construction and functioning of the anal levators and to detect their possible damage. It is the trauma to these muscles--occurring, among others, during childbirth--that is one of the major causes of pelvic organs descent and prolapse in women. Sonographic examination also enables to visualize the artificial material, the use of which is

  4. [Correlativity of the therapeutic effect of acupuncture on prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc with the area location of image].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yue, Liang; Min, Pi; Dai, Wen-jun

    2006-01-01

    To probe into the correlativity of the therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with traction on prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc with the three-dimensional location. According to the three-dimensional location developed by HU You-gu, the position of the prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc in the spinal canal was located from the sagittal plain, frontal plain and horizontal plain. One hundred and thirty patients with prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc and completion of clinical data were treated with acupuncture, and the therapeutic effects were analyzed with three-dimensional location. Among 98 cases in the effective group, 73 cases had the prolapse at the I plane in sagittal location, accounting for 74.49%, 82 cases had the prolapse at the 1, 2 zone in horizontal location, accounting for 83.68%, 52 cases had the prolapse at the a area in frontal location, accounting for 53.06%; among the 32 cases in the ineffective group, 10 cases had the prolapse at the I plane, accounting for 31.25%, 12 cases in the 1, 2 zone, accounting for 37.50%, 3 cases in the a area, accounting for 9.38%. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in the location. The three-dimensional location can objectively show the size, direction, position, and the characteristics of the protruded discs, and correctly infer the pathological changes of the affected nerve root. Acupuncture combined with tract has a better effect on I plane, 1-2 zone, and a area.

  5. No rectopexy versus rectopexy following rectal mobilization for full-thickness rectal prolapse: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karas, Joshua R; Uranues, Selman; Altomare, Donato F; Sokmen, Selman; Krivokapic, Zoran; Hoch, Jiri; Bartha, Ivan; Bergamaschi, Roberto

    2011-01-01

    No randomized controlled trial has compared no rectopexy with rectopexy for external full-thickness rectal prolapse. This study was performed to test the hypothesis that recurrence rates following no rectopexy are not inferior to those following rectopexy for full-thickness rectal prolapse. This was a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Eligible patients were randomly assigned to no rectopexy or rectopexy. The end point was recurrence rates defined as the presence of external full-thickness rectal prolapse after surgery. A prerandomized controlled trial meta-analysis suggested a sample size of 251 patients based on a 15% expected difference in the 5-year cumulative recurrence rate. Recurrence-free curves were generated and compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test, respectively. Data were presented as median (range). This study was conducted in 41 tertiary centers in 21 countries. Patients with prior surgery for rectal prolapse or pelvic floor descent were not included. The no-rectopexy arm was defined as abdominal surgery with rectal mobilization only. The rectopexy arm was defined as abdominal surgery with mobilization and rectopexy. Sigmoid resection was not randomized and was added in the presence of constipation. Two hundred fifty-two patients with external full-thickness rectal prolapse were randomly assigned to undergo no rectopexy or rectopexy in 41 centers. All patients but one underwent the allocated intervention. One hundred sixteen no-rectopexy patients were comparable to 136 rectopexy patients for age (P = .21), body mass index (P = .61), ASA grade (P = .29), and previous abdominal surgery (P = .935), but not for sex (P = .013) and external full-thickness rectal prolapse length (8 (1-25) cm vs 5 (1-20) cm, P = .026). Sigmoid resection was performed more frequently in the no-rectopexy arm (P < .001). There was no significant difference in complication rates (11% vs 17.9%; P = .139). The mortality rate was 0.8%. The loss of patients

  6. Our experience of combined femoral sciatic nerve block in the lower extremity surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taner Çiftçi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: In this study, the effectiveness of the combine femoral and sciatic nerve block in lower-extremity surgery was aimed to be investigated.Materals and methods: The patients with ASA I-III group, aged between 18-70 years, who underwent combinede sciatic femoral nerve block in lower-extremity surgery, were retrospectively evaluated.The study included 110 patients. The patients were divided into four groups according to the local anesthetic drugs used; Group I: 30 ml 0.5% Bupivacaine + 10 ml 0.9% NaCl, Group II: 30 ml 0.5% Levobupivacaine + 10 ml 0.9% NaCl, Group III: 30 ml 0.5% Levobupivacaine +10 ml 2% prilocaine HCl, GrupIV: 20 ml 0.5% Bupivacaine + 2 ml 2% Lidocaine HCl. The demographic data, clinical diagnosis, dose and volume of used local anesthetics, application time of the technique, duration of surgery, rates of block success, hemodynamic parameters before and after intervention, the first postoperative analgesic requirements (the first postoperative analgesic need, the amount of analgesic consumption of postoperative first 24 hours, developing complications during and after the process, patient’s and surgical satisfaction data of were recorded.Results: The demographic data of patient group were similar. No significant differences were found in terms of quality of surgical anesthesia and postoperative analgesia between different groups. The combined sciatic femoral nerve block was most frequently performed for ankle surgery. Different local anesthetics doses administered to patients were provided adequate anesthesia. Success of process was found to be 96%.Conclusion: The combined femoral sciatic nerve block applied with the success rate of 96%. The mean duration of adequate anesthesia and postoperative analgesia was 426 minutes. J Clin Exp Invest 2011; 2 (4: 375-379

  7. Efficacy of Surgery Combined with Autologous Bone Marrow Stromal Cell Transplantation for Treatment of Intracerebral Hemorrhage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianxin Zhu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs may differentiate into nerve cells under a certain condition; however, the clinical application for treating nervous system disease remains unclear. The aim is to assess the safety profile, feasibility, and effectiveness of surgery combined with autologous BMSCs transplantation for treating ICH. 206 ICH patients who had received surgical procedure were divided into transplantation (n=110 or control group (n=96. For transplantation group, BMSCs were injected into the perihemorrhage area in the base ganglia through an intracranial drainage tube 5.5 (3.01–6.89 days after surgery, followed by a second injection into the subarachnoid space through lumbar puncture 4 weeks later. Neurologic impairment and daily activities were assessed with National Institute Stroke Scale (NIHSS, Barthel index, and Rankin scale before transplantation and 6 months and 12 months after transplantation. Our results revealed that, compared with control group, NIHSS score and Rankin scale were both significantly decreased but Barthel index was increased in transplantation group after 6 months. Interestingly, no significant difference was observed between 12 months and 6 months. No transplantation-related adverse effects were investigated during follow-up assessments. Our findings suggest that surgery combined with autologous BMSCs transplantation is safe for treatment of ICH, providing short-term therapeutic benefits.

  8. Association between obesity and local control of advanced rectal cancer after combined surgery and radiotherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Yun Seon; Park, Sung Kwang; Cho, Heung Lae; Ahn, Ki Jung [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Yun Han [Dept. of Molecular Medicine, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-06-15

    The association between metabolism and cancer has been recently emphasized. This study aimed to find the prognostic significance of obesity in advanced stage rectal cancer patients treated with surgery and radiotherapy (RT). We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 111 patients who were treated with combined surgery and RT for clinical stage 2–3 (T3 or N+) rectal cancer between 2008 and 2014. The prognostic significance of obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥25 kg/m{sup 2}) in local control was evaluated. The median follow-up was 31.2 months (range, 4.1 to 85.7 months). Twenty-five patients (22.5%) were classified as obese. Treatment failure occurred in 33 patients (29.7%), including local failures in 13 patients (11.7%), regional lymph node failures in 5, and distant metastases in 24. The 3-year local control, recurrence-free survival, and overall survival rates were 88.7%, 73.6%, and 87.7%, respectively. Obesity (n = 25) significantly reduced the local control rate (p = 0.045; 3-year local control, 76.2%), especially in women (n = 37, p = 0.021). Segregation of local control was best achieved by BMI of 25.6 kg/m{sup 2} as a cutoff value. Obese rectal cancer patients showed poor local control after combined surgery and RT. More effective local treatment strategies for obese patients are warranted.

  9. Endoscope-assisted conservative condylectomy combined with orthognathic surgery in the treatment of mandibular condylar osteochondroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Hongbo; Jiao, Feifei; Li, Biao; Zhang, Lei; Shen, Steve Guofang; Wang, Xudong

    2014-07-01

    Mandibular condylar osteochondroma (OC) results in asymmetric prognathism with facial morphologic and functional disturbance. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of endoscope-assisted conservative condylectomy combined with simultaneous orthognathic surgery in the treatment of condylar OC. Thirteen patients with OC of the mandibular condyle were enrolled in this study. With the aid of endoscope, condylar OC resection and conservative condylectomy were carried out via intraoral approach. A direct vision of the magnified and illuminated operative field was realized. Simultaneous orthognathic surgery was used to correct facial asymmetry and malocclusion. All patients healed uneventfully. No facial nerve injury and salivary fistula occurred. Facial symmetry and morphology were greatly improved, and stable occlusion was obtained in all cases. The patients showed no signs of recurrence and temporomandibular joint ankylosis in the 16 to 54 months of follow-up. Endoscope-assisted tumor resection and condylectomy combined with simultaneous orthognathic surgery provide us a valuable option in the treatment of mandibular condylar OC.

  10. Spinal spondylosis and acute intervertebral disc prolapse in a European brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, W M; Hartley, M P; Duncan, N M; Barrows, M G

    2005-06-01

    A 22-year-old male European brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos) was presented to the Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital after an acute onset of hind limb paralysis 4 days earlier. Previous radiographs revealed marked degenerative joint disease of the stifles, tarsi and digits. The clinical findings were consistent with acute disc prolapse. Lateral radiographs of the entire vertebral column were made as well as ventrodorsal pelvic radiographs. The latter were within normal limits. The vertebral column revealed multiple lesions consistent with chronic and acute disc herniations. Lateral compression of the caudal lumbar nerve roots could not be ruled out. Owing to multiple significant findings of the vertebral column and the poor prognosis for full recovery after surgery, the bear was euthanased. The diagnosis of an acute disc prolapse and multiple chronic disc herniations was confirmed on necropsy.

  11. Use of a Combination of Regional and General Anesthesia during Emergency Thoracic Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Kh. Sharipova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to elaborate multimodal anesthetic regimens and to evaluate their efficiency during emergency thoracic surgeries for varying injuries. Subjects and methods. A total of 116 patients emergently admitted to the Republican Research Center for Emergency Medical Care for chest traumatic injuries were examined and divided into 3 groups according to the mode of anesthesia. Results. Perioperative multimodal anesthetic regimens for emergency thoracic surgery, which involved all components of the pathogenesis of pain, were elaborated. Conclusion. The combination of regional and general anesthesia contributes to the smooth course of an intra operative period with minimal hemodynamic stress and it is cost effective in decreasing the use of narcotic anal gesics in the intraoperative period. 

  12. Combined Mitral and Tricuspid Valve Surgery Performed via a Right Minithoracotomy Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihos, Christos G; Pineda, Andrés M; Davila, Hector; Larrauri-Reyes, Maiteder C; Santana, Orlando

    2015-01-01

    Combined mitral and tricuspid valve surgery is associated with an increased perioperative morbidity and mortality. We evaluated the outcomes of a less invasive right minithoracotomy approach in patients undergoing primary or reoperative double-valve surgery. We retrospectively evaluated 132 consecutive patients with mitral and tricuspid valve disease who underwent double-valve surgery via a right minithoracotomy at our institution between January 2009 and April 2014. The cohort included 81 female (61%) and 51 male (39%) patients, with a mean ± SD age of 67 ± 13 years. The mean ± SD preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction, mitral regurgitation grade, and creatinine were 53% ± 12%, 3.8 ± 0.6, and 1.26 ± 1.17, respectively. The patients underwent primary (88%) or reoperative (12%) mitral and tricuspid valve surgery, which consisted of 88 mitral repairs (67%), 44 mitral replacements (33%), 131 tricuspid repairs (99%), and 1 tricuspid replacement (1%). Postoperatively, there were 6 cases of acute kidney injury (5%), 6 reoperations for bleeding (5%), 4 cerebrovascular accidents (3%), and 12 cases of atrial fibrillation (9%). The median intensive care unit length of stay and total hospital lengths of stay were 61 hours (interquartile range, 43-112 hours) and 8 days (interquartile range, 6-13 days), respectively. The in-hospital mortality was 4%. Actuarial survival at 1 and 5 years was 93% and 88%, respectively. In patients undergoing primary or reoperative mitral and tricuspid valve surgery, a right minithoracotomy approach is associated with a low perioperative morbidity and good midterm survival.

  13. Management of temporomandibular joint ankylosis with combination of gap arthroplasty surgery and physiotherapy

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    Nurul Ramadhanty

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Background. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ ankylosis is a union of the articular surface of the temporal bone to the disc-condyle complex that restricts mandibular movements due to either a fibrous or bony union between the head of the condyle and the glenoid fossa. Common etiological factors are trauma, infection, and pathology in the joint or systemic diseases. The diagnosis of TMJ ankylosis is established through physical and clinical evaluation, and imaging examination. Currently, the surgical techniques used to treat TMJ ankylosis are gap arthroplasty, interpositional arthroplasty, joint reconstruction, and distraction osteogenesis. Purpose. To provide overview about management of temporomandibular joint ankylosis with gap arthroplasty combined with physiotherapy post surgery. Case. A 12-year-old female patient came to Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery with complaint of opening mouth restriction, which occured since one year prior to admission. After complete physical and radiographic examination, patient then was diagnosed with TMJ ankylosis due to neglected odontogenic infection. The treatment was performed with gap arthroplasty under general anesthesia. Patient then underwent physiotherapy after the surgery, including application of heat on the affected region and exercises to open and close mouth. Discussion. Ankylosis of TMJ is an uncommon case that results in chronic and severe limited mouth opening. The critical factor of successful treatment of TMJ ankylosis is early detection, correct surgery approach, implementation of an intensive physiotherapy program, and a good post-operative conduct. Therefore on this patient, gap arthroplasty was the chosen surgery approach followed by intensive physiotherapy. Conclusion.Management goal in TMJ ankylosis is  to increase the patient’s mandibular function, correct associated facial deformity, decrease pain, and prevent reankylosis. Careful surgical technique and subsequent atten

  14. Combined drug and surgery treatment of plutonium-contaminated wounds: indications obtained using a rodent model.

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    Griffiths, Nina M; Coudert, Sylvie; Wilk, Jean Claude; Renault, Daniel; Angulo, Jaime F; Van der Meeren, Anne

    2014-06-01

    There is an important requirement following accidental actinide contamination of wounds to limit the dissemination and retention of such alpha-emitting radionuclides. To reduce wound and systemic contamination, treatment approaches include chelation therapy with or without wound excision. However, it has been hypothesized that wound excision could lead to increased contaminant release and systemic organ retention. This study in the rat addresses this question. Anesthetized rats were contaminated with plutonium nitrate following wounding by deep incision of hind leg muscle. Excision of tissue at the contaminated site was performed 7 d later with or without Diethylene Triamine Pentaacetic Acid (DTPA) treatment (30 μmol kg⁻¹ i.v.). Pu urinary excretion was then measured for a further 3 d, and animals were euthanized at 14 d after contamination. Tissue samples were evaluated for Pu activity and histology. At 7 d after contamination, around 50% of the initial activity remained at the wound site. An average of 16% of this activity was then removed by surgery. Surgery alone resulted in increased urinary excretion, suggesting release from the wound site, but no subsequent increases in organ retention (bone, liver) were observed at 14 d. Indeed, organ Pu activity was slightly reduced. The combination of surgery and DTPA or DTPA treatment alone was much more effective than excision alone as shown by the markedly increased urinary Pu excretion and decreased tissue levels. This is the first report in an experimental rodent model of resection of Pu-contaminated wound. Urinary excretion data provide evidence for the release of activity as a result of surgery, but this does not appear to lead to further Pu organ retention. However, a combination of prior DTPA treatment with wound excision is particularly effective.

  15. The modified Altemeier procedure for a loop colostomy prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Makoto; Murakami, Masahiko; Ozawa, Yoshiaki; Uchida, Marie; Yamazaki, Kimiyasu; Fujimori, Akira; Otsuka, Koji; Aoki, Takeshi

    2015-11-01

    Loop colostomy prolapse is associated with an impaired quality of life. Surgical treatment may sometimes be required for cases that cannot be closed by colon colostomy because of high-risk morbidities or advanced disease. We applied the Altimeter operation for patients with transverse loop colostomy. The Altemeier operation is therefore indicated for rectal prolapse. This technique involves a simple operation, which includes a circumferential incision through the full thickness of the outer and inner cylinder of the prolapsed limb, without incising the abdominal wall, and anastomosis with sutures using absorbable thread. We performed the Altemeier operation for three cases of loop stomal prolapse. Those patients demonstrated no postoperative complications (including obstruction, prolapse recurrence, or hernia). Our findings suggest that this procedure is useful as an optional surgical treatment for cases of transverse loop colostomy prolapse as a permanent measure in patients with high-risk morbidities or advanced disease.

  16. Hypotensive anesthesia: Comparing the effects of different drug combinations on mean arterial pressure, estimated blood loss, and surgery time in orthognathic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, James; Portnof, Jason E; Kalayeh, Mona; Hardigan, Patrick

    2016-07-01

    Sevoflurane, an inhalational hypotensive anesthetic agent with a vasodilatory property, has been commonly used as a single agent to induce hypotension and effectively decrease blood loss in orthognathic surgery. However, it is common for patients to receive other hypotensive anesthetic agents in combination with sevoflurane. The purpose of our retrospective cohort study is to investigate whether administering an additional hypotensive agent has greater effect at reducing mean arterial pressure (MAP), estimated blood loss (EBL) and surgery time during orthognathic surgery. 57 subjects, aged 0-89 of both genders, who underwent orthognathic surgery were investigated in this study. Each patient's anesthesia records were reviewed to record the following variables of interest: EBL, duration of surgery, and MAP reduction in %. 41 subjects were placed in Group I and they received sevoflurane alone. 16 subjects were placed in Group II and they received sevoflurane plus a "supportive" agent. These "supportive" agents were esmolol, labetalol, metoprolol, nicardipine, and dexmedetomidine. The significant differences between two groups were assessed by using ANCOVA and p surgery time. Subjects in Group II experienced a greater reduction in MAP during surgery than subjects in Group I, 27.30% and 20.44%, respectively (p = 0.027). There was no significant difference for sex (p = 0.417) or age group (p = 0.113) in estimated blood loss, however. The mean surgery time in Group I was 1.93, 2.77, and 4.54 h with respect to LeFort, BSSO/IVRO, and double jaw surgery. Patients in Group II had a mean surgery time of 1.73, 2.07, and 5.64 h with respect to LeFort, BSSO/IVRO, and double jaw surgery. No statistically significant difference was demonstrated in surgery time between Group I vs. Group II (p > 0.05). Subjects in Group II experienced, on average, more blood loss than subjects in Group I, 355.50 ml and 238.90 ml, respectively. The use of multi-drug combination may offer

  17. Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Disease Lookup > COPD > Diagnosing and Treating COPD Surgery Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) includes two separate lung problems, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Some people with COPD have ...

  18. Dynamic evaluation of pelvic floor reconstructive surgery using radiopaque meshes and three-dimensional helical CT

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    Paulo Palma

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: This prospective study was performed to achieve visualization of the reestablishment of anatomy after reconstructive surgery in the different pelvic compartments with non-absorbable radiopaque meshes, providing valuable anatomic information for surgeons implanting meshes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 female patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI, anterior and posterior vaginal wall prolapse, or both underwent surgical repair using radiopaque meshes after written informed consent. Patients with SUI underwent five different surgeries. Patients with anterior vaginal prolapse underwent a procedure using a combined pre-pubic and transobturator mesh, and those with posterior vaginal prolapse underwent posterior slingplasty. Three-dimensional reconstruction using helical CT was performed four weeks postoperatively. RESULTS: In all cases, the mesh was clearly visualized. Transobturator slings were shown at the midurethra, and the anchoring tails perforated the obturator foramen at the safety region. Mini-slings were in the proper place, and computed angiography revealed that the anchoring system was away from the obturator vessels. In patients undergoing procedure for anterior vaginal prolapse, both pre-pubic armpit and obturator slings were clearly seen and the mesh was in the proper position, supporting the bladder base and occluding the distal part of the urogenital hiatus. Transcoccygeal sacropexy revealed indirectly a well-supported "neo rectovaginal fascia" and the anchoring tails at the level of ischial spines. CONCLUSION: Three-dimensional helical tomography images of the female pelvis using radiopaque meshes have a potential role in improving our understanding of pelvic floor reconstructive surgeries. These radiopaque meshes might be the basis of a new investigative methodology.

  19. Factors for surgery indications in children with Chiari malformation Type I combined with scoliosis without syringomyelia

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    Glagolev N.V.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Specification of indications for surgical treatment of Chiari malformations Type I (CMI in combination with scoliosis without syringomyelia. Material et Methods: The article describes the results of treatment of children with Chiari malformations Type I (CMI in combination with scoliosis without syringomyelia. The decompression surgery of the posterior fossa was made in 30 patients with CM I. All patients varied in the degrees of scoliosis. Results were evaluated including clinical and radiological survey, data of computer angiography and ultrasonic diagnostics of head and neck vessels in the preoperative and postoperative periods. The behavior of the angle of the spinal deformity in patients after decompression surgery of the posterior fossa was evaluated. Results: It has been found out that scoliosis convincingly regresses after this operation, if the angle of curvature of less than 30 degrees. Conclusion: The presence of vascular pathology at the level of the cranio-vertebral joints should be taken into account in the determination of indications for surgical treatment of patients with CMI in combination with scoliosis.

  20. An unusual instance of mitral valve prolapse in endomyocardial fibrosis

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    Dalal J

    1978-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a report of an unusual case showing a mitral valve prolapse in the presence of a biventricular endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF. The EMF was strongly suspected on left ventricular angiography and later proved at autopsy. The prolapse of the mitral valve was detected at echocardiography. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report of a case of EMF associated with mitral valve prolapse.

  1. Combination paracetamol and ibuprofen for pain relief after oral surgery: a dose ranging study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, Hartley C; Currie, John; Moodie, John; Carson, Simon; Evans, Steven; Worthington, James P; Steenberg, Leon J; Bisley, Eileen; Frampton, Chris

    2015-05-01

    Combined paracetamol and ibuprofen has been shown to be more effective than either constituent alone for acute pain in adults, but the dose-response has not been confirmed. The aim of this study was to define the analgesic dose-response relationship of different potential doses of a fixed dose combination containing paracetamol and ibuprofen after third molar surgery. Patients aged 16 to 60 years with moderate or severe pain after the removal of at least two impacted third molars were randomised to receive double-blind study medication as two tablets every 6 h for 24 h of either of the following: two tablet, combination full dose (paracetamol 1000 mg and ibuprofen 300 mg); one tablet, combination half dose (paracetamol 500 mg and ibuprofen 150 mg); half a tablet, combination quarter dose (paracetamol 250 mg and ibuprofen 75 mg); or placebo. The primary outcome measure was the time-adjusted summed pain intensity difference over 24 h (SPID 24) calculated from the 100-mm VAS assessments collected over multiple time points for the study duration. Data from 159 patients were included in the analysis. Mean (SD) time-adjusted SPID over 24 h were full-dose combination 20.1 (18.0), half dose combination 20.4 (20.8), quarter dose combination 19.3 (20.0) and placebo 6.6 (19.8). There was a significant overall effect of dose (p = 0.002) on the primary outcome. Planned pairwise comparisons showed that all combination dose groups were superior to placebo (full dose vs. placebo p = 0.004, half dose vs. placebo p = 0.002, quarter dose vs. placebo p = 0.002). The overall effect of dose was also significant for maximum VAS pain intensity score (p = 0.048), response rate (p = 0.0094), percentage of participants requiring rescue (p = 0.025) and amount of rescue (p < 0.001). No significant dose effect was found for time to peak reduction in VAS or time to meaningful pain relief. The majority of adverse events recorded were of mild (52.75%) or moderate

  2. Combined Ab Interno Glaucoma Surgery Does not Increase the Risk of Pseudophakic Cystoid Macular Edema in Uncomplicated Eyes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaub, Friederike; Adler, Werner; Koenig, Meike C; Enders, Philip; Dietlein, Thomas S; Cursiefen, Claus; Heindl, Ludwig M

    2017-03-01

    To assess the risk of pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (PCME) following cataract surgery (bimanual phacoemulsification with posterior chamber lens implantation) combined with ab interno glaucoma surgery (trabecular aspiration or ab interno trabeculotomy) compared with solely cataract extraction. In total, 360 consecutive eyes of 180 patients with age-related cataract, and thereof 162 with coexistent glaucoma, who underwent sole cataract surgery or in combination with ab interno glaucoma surgery (trabecular aspiration or ab interno trabeculotomy) were compared retrospectively regarding PCME development. Patients with known risk factors of PCME were excluded. Macular examination was performed using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography before and at 4, 8, 12, 16, 24, 36, and 48 weeks after surgery. Main outcome measure was the incidence of PCME. In total, 126 eyes (35%) underwent cataract surgery combined with ab interno glaucoma surgery (96 trabecular aspiration (76.2%), 30 ab interno trabeculotomy (23.8%), and 234 eyes (65%) received cataract surgery alone. PCME overall occurred in 23 eyes (6.4%). Following combined trabecular aspiration 5 eyes (5.2%) developed PCME, following ab interno trabeculotomy 2 eyes (6.7%), and following sole cataract surgery 16 eyes (6.8%), reaching no significant difference (P=0.676). Risk of PCME in fellow eye was significantly increased (P=0.025; odds ratio 7.177; 95% confidence interval, 5.667-8.687). Additional ab interno glaucoma surgery combined with phacoemulsification does not seem to increase the risk of PCME in uncomplicated eyes. However, in patients with history of PCME a significantly increased risk of PCME in fellow eye should be taken into account.

  3. Comprehensive comparing percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy with posterior lumbar internal fixation for treatment of adjacent segment lumbar disc prolapse with stable retrolisthesis: A retrospective case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yapeng; Zhang, Wei; Qie, Suhui; Zhang, Nan; Ding, Wenyuan; Shen, Yong

    2017-07-01

    The study was to comprehensively compare the postoperative outcome and imaging parameter characters in a short/middle period between the percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) and the internal fixation of bone graft fusion (the most common form is posterior lumbar interbody fusion [PLIF]) for the treatment of adjacent segment lumbar disc prolapse with stable retrolisthesis after a previous lumbar internal fixation surgery.In this retrospective case-control study, we collected the medical records from 11 patients who received PELD operation (defined as PELD group) for and from 13 patients who received the internal fixation of bone graft fusion of lumbar posterior vertebral lamina decompression (defined as control group) for the treatment of the lumbar disc prolapse combined with stable retrolisthesis at Department of Spine Surgery, the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University (Shijiazhuang, China) from May 2010 to December 2015. The operation time, the bleeding volume of perioperation, and the rehabilitation days of postoperation were compared between 2 groups. Before and after surgery at different time points, ODI, VAS index, and imaging parameters (including Taillard index, inter-vertebral height, sagittal dislocation, and forward bending angle of lumbar vertebrae) were compared.The average operation time, the blooding volume, and the rehabilitation days of postoperation were significantly less in PELD than in control group. The ODI and VAS index in PELD group showed a significantly immediate improving on the same day after the surgery. However, Taillard index, intervertebral height, sagittal dislocation in control group showed an immediate improving after surgery, but no changes in PELD group till 12-month after surgery. The forward bending angle of lumbar vertebrae was significantly increased and decreased in PELD and in control group, respectively.PELD operation was superior in terms of operation time, bleeding volume, recovery period, and financial

  4. Comprehensive comparing percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy with posterior lumbar internal fixation for treatment of adjacent segment lumbar disc prolapse with stable retrolisthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yapeng; Zhang, Wei; Qie, Suhui; Zhang, Nan; Ding, Wenyuan; Shen, Yong

    2017-01-01

    Abstract The study was to comprehensively compare the postoperative outcome and imaging parameter characters in a short/middle period between the percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) and the internal fixation of bone graft fusion (the most common form is posterior lumbar interbody fusion [PLIF]) for the treatment of adjacent segment lumbar disc prolapse with stable retrolisthesis after a previous lumbar internal fixation surgery. In this retrospective case-control study, we collected the medical records from 11 patients who received PELD operation (defined as PELD group) for and from 13 patients who received the internal fixation of bone graft fusion of lumbar posterior vertebral lamina decompression (defined as control group) for the treatment of the lumbar disc prolapse combined with stable retrolisthesis at Department of Spine Surgery, the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University (Shijiazhuang, China) from May 2010 to December 2015. The operation time, the bleeding volume of perioperation, and the rehabilitation days of postoperation were compared between 2 groups. Before and after surgery at different time points, ODI, VAS index, and imaging parameters (including Taillard index, inter-vertebral height, sagittal dislocation, and forward bending angle of lumbar vertebrae) were compared. The average operation time, the blooding volume, and the rehabilitation days of postoperation were significantly less in PELD than in control group. The ODI and VAS index in PELD group showed a significantly immediate improving on the same day after the surgery. However, Taillard index, intervertebral height, sagittal dislocation in control group showed an immediate improving after surgery, but no changes in PELD group till 12-month after surgery. The forward bending angle of lumbar vertebrae was significantly increased and decreased in PELD and in control group, respectively. PELD operation was superior in terms of operation time, bleeding volume, recovery period

  5. Intraosseous disc prolapse: A diagnostic puzzle

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    Parasnis Rajesh

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Schmorl′s node or intraosseous disc prolapse is herniation of the nucleus pulposus material through the vertebral end plates. Presence of Schmorl′s nodes as end plate lesions following trauma, tumours and osteoporosis further complicates diagnosis. The present study was done to understand diagnosis and approach to management of symptomatic Schmorl′s nodes. Methods : During a period of three years we came across 14 patients who presented with severe back pain. Conventional radiographs, CT Scans and MRI showed the presence of end plate lesions with varied radiological appearance. The first group, comprising of seven patients had lytic lesions without any sclerosis on only one side of the intervertebral disc as seen on the CT scan. The second group comprising of five patients had sclerotic lesions with new bone formation associated with disc space reduction. The two patients in the third group showed a combined lytic and sclerotic lesion without any soft tissue changes. MRI of eleven patients revealed hypointense lesion on T 1 and T 2 weighted images with surrounding zone of hyper intensity on T 2 weighted images. The remaining three patients, did not have this hyper intense zone on T 2 weighted images . In five patients multiple Schmorl′s nodes were observed. Diagnosis of symptomatic Schmorl′s nodes was mainly done by exclusion. All patients were given rest and anti-inflammatory drugs followed by exercises. Results : The first two groups of patients responded to the treatment and had complete relief of symptoms but both the patients in third group had persistent symptoms. MRI repeated after eight weeks showed an enhancing lesion with prevertebral soft tissue. A transpedicular core biopsy proved the lesion to be tuberculosis in one patient. Anti Koch′s therapy was promptly started and follow up study showed resolution of the lesions. At the end of the study period all the patients were asymptomatic and returned to their

  6. Lateral interbody fusion combined with open posterior surgery for adult spinal deformity.

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    Strom, Russell G; Bae, Junseok; Mizutani, Jun; Valone, Frank; Ames, Christopher P; Deviren, Vedat

    2016-12-01

    OBJECTIVE Lateral interbody fusion (LIF) with percutaneous screw fixation can treat adult spinal deformity (ASD) in the coronal plane, but sagittal correction is limited. The authors combined LIF with open posterior (OP) surgery using facet osteotomies and a rod-cantilever technique to enhance lumbar lordosis (LL). It is unclear how this hybrid strategy compares to OP surgery alone. The goal of this study was to evaluate the combination of LIF and OP surgery (LIF+OP) for ASD. METHODS All thoracolumbar ASD cases from 2009 to 2014 were reviewed. Patients with 200 mm or pelvic incidence-LL > 40°), and those undergoing anterior lumbar interbody fusion were excluded. Deformity correction, complications, and outcomes were compared between LIF+OP and OP-only surgery patients. RESULTS LIF+OP (n = 32) and OP-only patients (n = 60) had similar baseline features and posterior fusion levels. On average, 3.8 LIFs were performed. Patients who underwent LIF+OP had less blood loss (1129 vs 1833 ml, p = 0.016) and lower durotomy rates (0% vs 23%, p = 0.002). Patients in the LIF+OP group required less ICU care (0.7 vs 2.8 days, p < 0.001) and inpatient rehabilitation (63% vs 87%, p = 0.015). The incidence of new leg pain, numbness, or weakness was similar between groups (28% vs 22%, p = 0.609). All leg symptoms resolved within 6 months, except in 1 OP-only patient. Follow-up duration was similar (28 vs 25 months, p = 0.462). LIF+OP patients had significantly less pseudarthrosis (6% vs 27%, p = 0.026) and greater improvement in visual analog scale back pain (mean decrease 4.0 vs 1.9, p = 0.046) and Oswestry Disability Index (mean decrease 21 vs 12, p = 0.035) scores. Lumbar coronal correction was greater with LIF+OP surgery (mean [± SD] 22° ± 13° vs 14° ± 13°, p = 0.010). LL restoration was 22° ± 13°, intermediately between OP-only with facet osteotomies (11° ± 7°, p < 0.001) and pedicle subtraction osteotomy (29° ± 10°, p = 0.045). CONCLUSIONS LIF+OP is an effective

  7. ECIRS (Endoscopic Combined Intrarenal Surgery) in the Galdakao-modified supine Valdivia position: a new life for percutaneous surgery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cracco, Cecilia Maria; Scoffone, Cesare Marco

    2011-12-01

    Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is still the gold-standard treatment for large and/or complex renal stones. Evolution in the endoscopic instrumentation and innovation in the surgical skills improved its success rate and reduced perioperative morbidity. ECIRS (Endoscopic Combined IntraRenal Surgery) is a new way of affording PNL in a modified supine position, approaching antero-retrogradely to the renal cavities, and exploiting the full array of endourologic equipment. ECIRS summarizes the main issues recently debated about PNL. The recent literature regarding supine PNL and ECIRS has been reviewed, namely about patient positioning, synergy between operators, procedures, instrumentation, accessories and diagnostic tools, step-by-step standardization along with versatility of the surgical sequence, minimization of radiation exposure, broadening to particular and/or complex patients, limitation of post-operative renal damage. Supine PNL and ECIRS are not superior to prone PNL in terms of urological results, but guarantee undeniable anesthesiological and management advantages for both patient and operators. In particular, ECIRS requires from the surgeon a permanent mental attitude to synergy, standardized surgical steps, versatility and adherence to the ongoing clinical requirements. ECIRS can be performed also in particular cases, irrespective to age or body habitus. The use of flexible endoscopes during ECIRS contributes to minimizing radiation exposure, hemorrhagic risk and post-PNL renal damage. ECIRS may be considered an evolution of the PNL procedure. Its proposal has the merit of having triggered the critical analysis of the various PNL steps and of patient positioning, and of having transformed the old static PNL into an updated approach.

  8. Quality of life assessment in women after cervicosacropexy with polypropylene mesh for pelvic organ prolapse: a preliminary study

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    Wojciech Majkusiak

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the study was to assess the changes in the subjective perception of quality of life in patients who underwent abdominal cervicosacropexy for pelvic organ prolapse. Material and methods: Forty patients with diagnosed pelvic organ prolapse (Pelvic Organ Prolapse – Quantification [POPQ] stage IV or IIIC underwent abdominal supracervical hysterectomy and cervicosacropexy. The questionnaire concerning the quality of life was filled in before and 6 months after the surgery. Results: In all patients, an accurate prolapse correction was achieved. In 42% of patients, stress urinary incontinence (SUI was diagnosed prior to surgery, while after the surgery in 38.24% (p > 0.05. In 50% of women, symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB occurred pre-surgery. These symptoms were reported by 17.65% of patients postoperatively (p < 0.05. Urinary retention was observed in 32.36% before and in 2.5% after the surgery (p < 0.05. The average score of the quality of sexual life was 5.75 (SD 2.52, 95% CI: 4.41-7.1 before and increased to 7.93 (SD 1.77, 95% CI: 6.9-8.95 after the procedure (p < 0.05. The mean score of the overall quality of life in relation to POP before and after the procedure was 2.77 (SD 2.39, 95% CI: 1.87-8.64 and 9.03 (SD 1.08, 95% CI: 8.66-9.43, respectively (p < 0.001. Conclusions: These results show a highly significant improvement of the quality of life in patients who underwent abdominal cervicosacropexy for POP. The change in quality of their sexual life, reduced OAB and urinary retention rates, as well as improvement of the esthetic self-perception may have contributed to this positive effect.

  9. [Comparative study on Chinese medicine and western medicine for treatment of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Xin-yan; Li, Xiao-xia; Suteanu, Stefan

    2007-05-01

    To compare therapeutic effects, safety and tolerance of TCM, western medicine and integrated Chinese and western medicine for treatment of acute lumbosacral pain induced by prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc. Ninety cases were randomly divided into 3 groups, 30 cases in each group. They were treated respectively with western medicine, TCM and combined TCM and western medicine, and the pain intensity, activity, muscular tension, and other indexes were monitored after 7 days and 30 days of treatment. After treatment of 7 days, the combined treatment group in improvement of VAS scores of lumbosacral pain and radiating pain of the lower limbs was superior to the TCM group with no significant difference between the two groups, and in improvement of VAS scores of lumbosacral pain and radiating pain of the lower limbs, Lasegue's sign, activity of spinal column (Schober test and distance from finger tip to floor), etc. were superior to the western medicine group (P prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc.

  10. Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and impairs lung function. People need to stop smoking several weeks before surgery so that the defense mechanisms of the respiratory system can recover. Doctors' evaluations The surgeon does a ...

  11. [Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse in women: laparoscopic or vaginal sacrocolpopexy?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Descargues, G; Collard, P; Grise, P

    2008-10-01

    To compare the safety and the efficacy of the laparoscopic and vaginal technique for the surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse, with systematic support of the three compartments and prosthetic reinforcements. Retrospective study of 154 patients presenting a stage 3 or 4 prolapse on one of the three compartments. Laparoscopic procedures were performed with subtotal hysterectomy, double synthetic prosthesis attached to promontory, and douglassectomy. Vaginal procedures were performed with vaginal hysterectomy, anterior colporrhaphy with a hammock using porcine skin collagen implant fixed by transobturator passages, unilateral sacral colpopexy and posterior colporrhaphy. Monitoring was performed at six months and then annually. The laparoscopic technique requires a more important operating time, but a shorter hospitalization. The discovery of three carcinoma reinforces the idea of the interest of uterine radical surgery in these patients. The tolerance of prostheses by laparoscopy is safe. The biological prostheses, introduced vaginally, offer the same advantages. The anatomical results in the medium term (30 months) seem more favorable to laparoscopy than transvaginal approach, as well as functional results but they still need to better evaluated. The two techniques must coexist, ideally without competing with each other but rather complementarily, as the overall rate of recurrence, requiring additional procedure does not exceed 2%. It is therefore important that surgeons, who support prolapse, have a good comprehensive training of the laparoscopic and vaginal techniques.

  12. Successful use of the Gellhorn pessary as a second-line pessary in women with advanced pelvic organ prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Mou; Ding, Jing; Ai, Fangfang; Zhu, Lan

    2017-11-01

    The primary outcome of this study was the efficacy of the Gellhorn pessary in patients with advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP) who failed to retain a ring with support pessary, and the secondary outcome is the related factors that influence its successful use. Between May 2015 and May 2016, women with POP quantification stage III to IV, who initially failed to place a ring with a support pessary, but were then successfully fitted with a Gellhorn pessary, were included. We performed independent-sample t tests, nonparametric tests, chi-square tests, and logistic regressions for data analysis. A total of 82.3% (65/79) participants were successfully fitted with a Gellhorn pessary at the fitting. At 3 months, 46 participants continued to use the pessary, whereas 19 discontinued use, indicating a success rate of 70.8% (46/65). All the participants were satisfied with their pessary. More than half experienced mild complications such as vaginal erosion or discharge. The presence of predominant prolapse in the anterior wall may be an influential factor for successful pessary use (P < 0.01), whereas a higher body mass index or a history of prior hysterectomy or prolapse surgery was associated with discontinuation. For patients with advanced POP who failed to retain a ring with support pessary, the Gellhorn pessary can be offered as a second option. Body mass index, the presence of predominant anterior wall prolapse, and a previous hysterectomy or prolapse surgery may be potential factors influencing the outcomes of Gellhorn pessary use.

  13. Effect of Suyuping combined with semiconductor laser irradiation on wound healing after anal fistula surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Zhao

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To explore the effect of Suyuping combined with semiconductor laser irradiation on the wound healing after anal fistula surgery. Methods: A total of 180 patients with anal fistula who were admitted in our hospital from October, 2013 to May, 2015 for surgery were included in the study and randomized into the treatment group and the control group with 90 cases in each group. The patients in the control group were given the conventional surgical debridement dressing, a time a day. On this basis, the patients in the treatment group were given Suyuping smearing on the wound sinus tract combined with semiconductor laser irradiation, a time a day for 10 min, continuous irradiation until wound healing. The postoperative wound swelling fading, wound surface secretion amount, and the clinical efficacy in the two groups were recorded. Results: The wound surface swelling degree and wound pain degree at each timing point after operation in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05. The wound surface area at each timing point after operation in the treatment group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05. The wound surface secretion amount 6, 9, and 12 days after operation in the treatment group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05. The total effective rate in the treatment group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05. The average healing time in the treatment group was significantly faster than that in the control group (P<0.05. Conclusions: Suyuping combined with semiconductor laser irradiation in the treatment of patients after anal fistula can effectively improve the local blood and lymphatic circulation of wound surface, promote the growth of granulation tissues, and contribute the wound healing.

  14. IMMEDIATE RESULTS OF RADICAL SURGERY UNDER CONDITIONS OF COMBINED MODALITY TREATMENT OF RECTAL CANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. G. Afanasyev

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to assess the immediate response to combination therapy including prolonged preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy with capecitabine as a radiosensitizer and local hyperthermia for patients with rectal cancer.Materials and methods. A total of 25 patients received combined modality treatment. The proportions of patients with stages II (T3–4N0 M0 , III (T1–4N1–2M0 and IVa (T1–4N0–2M1 were 3 (12 %, 13 (52 % and 9 (36 %, respectively. The rectal ampulla was diagnosed most frequently (68 %. The patients received preoperative radiation therapy (1.3 Gy twice daily for 5 days per week to a total dose of 54 Gy concurrently with capecitabine (825 мg/m2 , twice a day for 5 days a week and local hyperthermia (3 times a week, 3 hours before irradiation session, at temperatures between 42–44°С, for 45–60 minutes, to a maximum of 10 sessions.Results. Grade 1-2 radiation-induced skin reactions were observed in 3 (12 % patients. By assessing immediate tumor response 6 months after completing radiotherapy, histologically confirmed complete regression was registered in 2 (8% patients and partial regression in 23 (92% patients. Rectal extirpation was performed on 8 (32% patients and sphincter-preserving surgeries on 15 (68% patients. Patients with complete regression were followed up. Postoperative complications were observed in 3(12% patients. None of the patients died. No local recurrence and distant metastases were registered at the 12–18 month follow-up.Conclusion. Short-and long-term outcomes of combined modality treatment including preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy with capecitabine as a radiosensitizer and local hyperthermia indicate that this treatment protocol is effective and safe for patients with stage II–IVа rectal cancer. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy results in a significant tumor regression, thus extending the indications for sphincter-preserving surgery.

  15. Minimally invasive surgery in pelvic floor repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwain, Omar; Aoun, Joelle; Eisenstein, David

    2017-08-01

    To review the use and efficacy of minimally invasive surgery in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair. This review summarizes surgical options for management of POP with special emphasis on minimally invasive surgical approach and discusses the recent experience and feasibility of integrating robot-assisted technology. Minimally invasive approaches have equal efficacy and less morbidity than laparotomy for POP repair, particularly apical prolapse. Robotics may facilitate the rate of minimally invasive surgery for POP repair with greater cost and as yet no proven superiority for conventional laparoscopy. Minimally invasive surgery is the preferred approach to POP repair. Conventional laparoscopic or robotic sacral colpopexy is recommended for apical defect and procidentia.

  16. Urethral Mucosa Prolapse in an 18-Year-Old Adolescent

    OpenAIRE

    Akadiri Olumide; Ajenifuja Kayode Olusegun; Bakare Babatola

    2013-01-01

    Urethra mucosa prolapse is a benign condition in which there is a circular protrusion of the distal urethra through the external urethra meatus. It is more commonly seen in prepubertal black girls and postmenopausal white women. It is rare in the reproductive age group. This case describes the presentation and management of an 18-year-old adolescent with urethra mucosa prolapse.

  17. Joint hypermobility syndrome and mitral valve prolapse in panic disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulpek, Demet; Bayraktar, Erhan; Akbay, Sebnem Pirildar; Capaci, Kazým; Kayikcioglu, Meral; Aliyev, Emil; Soydas, Cahide

    2004-09-01

    The purpose of this study is to test the association between joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) and panic disorder (PD) and to determine whether mitral valve prolapse (MVP) modifies or accounts in part for the association. A total of 115 subjects are included in this study in three groups. Group I (n = 42): panic disorder patients with MVP. Group II (n = 35): panic disorder patients without mitral valve prolapse. Group III (n = 38): control subjects who had mitral valve prolapse without any psychiatric illness. Beighton criteria were used to assess joint hypermobility syndrome. Two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiography was performed on each subject to detect mitral valve prolapse. Joint hypermobility syndrome was found in 59.5% of panic disorder patients with mitral valve prolapse, in 42.9% of patients without mitral valve prolapse and in 52.6% of control subjects. Beighton scores was 4.93 +/- 2.97 in group I, 4.09 +/- 2.33 in group II, and 4.08 +/- 2.34 in group III. There was no significant difference between groups according to Beighton scores. We did not detect a statistically significant relationship between panic disorder and joint hypermobility syndrome. Mitral valve prolapse and joint hypermobility syndrome are known to be etiologically related and we suggest that mitral valve prolapse affects the prevalence of joint hypermobility syndrome in the panic disorder patients.

  18. Experience with modified Lahaut\\'s procedure for rectal prolapse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... back for the more popular rectopexy procedures for the treatment of rectal prolapse. It therefore commends itself to wider usage especially in developing countries where synthetic Ivalon sponge or Teflon/Mersilene mesh materials required for rectopexy are often not available. Keywords: rectum, prolapse, sigmoidopexy

  19. Determinants and Management Outcomes of Pelvic Organ Prolapse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when abnormal descent or herniation of the pelvic organs occurs from their normal anatomic positions or their normal position in the pelvis.[1] Pelvic prolapse occurs, in part, due to site‑specific fascial defects that result in vaginal segment weakness.[1,2]. Understanding this process has led to ...

  20. Pelvic Organ Prolapse in Jimma University Specialized Hospital ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2008-07-01

    Methods: This hospital based retrospective descriptive study was conducted to assess the magnitude of pelvic organ prolapse and risk factors for it. All cases of pelvic organ prolapse admitted and treated in Jimma University Specialized Hospital from July 1, 2008 to June 30, 2011 were included. The collected data were ...

  1. Childhood urethral mucosa prolapse in Port Harcourt, Nigeria: An 11 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Childhood urethral mucosal prolapse occurs in girls between the ages of six months and eight years. It can be associated with significant morbidity with resultant urethral loss especially with poor management. Objectives: To review our experiences of managing urethral mucosal prolapse in children over an ...

  2. Umbilical cord prolapse and perinatal outcome in a tertiary institution

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cord prolapse is one of the obstetric emergencies in labour, posing a life threatening suituation for the foetus. With a live foetus, timely delivery at detection of the prolapse reduces the high perinatal morbidity and mortality. Generally, the management of this condition seems to pose a persisting challenge. To determine the ...

  3. Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy compared with open abdominal sacrocolpopexy for vault prolapse repair: a randomised controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coolen, Anne-Lotte W M; van Oudheusden, Anique M J; Mol, Ben Willem J; van Eijndhoven, Hugo W F; Roovers, Jan-Paul W R; Bongers, Marlies Y

    2017-10-01

    The objective was to evaluate the functional outcome after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy versus open sacrocolpopexy in women with vault prolapse. A multicentre randomised controlled trial was carried out at four teaching and two university hospitals in the Netherlands in women with symptomatic vault prolapse requiring surgical treatment. Participants were randomised for laparoscopic or open sacrocolpopexy. Primary outcome was disease-specific quality of life measured using the Urinary Distress Inventory (UDI) questionnaire at 12 months' follow-up. Secondary outcomes included anatomical outcome and perioperative data. We needed 74 participants to show a difference of 10 points on the prolapse domain of the UDI 12 months after surgery (power of 80%, α error 0.05). Between 2007 and 2012, a total of 74 women were randomised. Follow-up after 12 months showed no significant differences in domain scores of the UDI between the two groups. After 12 months, both groups reported a UDI score of 0.0 (IQR: 0-0) for the domain "genital prolapse", which was the primary outcome. There were no significant differences between the two groups (p = 0.93). The number of severe complications was 4 in the laparoscopic group versus 7 in the open abdominal group (RR 0.57; 95% CI 0.50-2.27). There was less blood loss and a shorter hospital stay after laparoscopy; 2 (IQR 2-3) versus 4 (IQR 3-5) days, which was statistically different. There was no significant difference in anatomical outcome at 12 months. Our trial provides evidence to support a laparoscopic approach when performing sacrocolpopexy, as there was less blood loss and hospital stay was shorter, whereas functional and anatomical outcome were not statistically different.

  4. Speed and accuracy of saccades, vergence and combined eye movements in subjects with strabismus before and after eye surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucci, Maria Pia; Brémond-Gignac, Dominique; Kapoula, Zoï

    2009-02-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine spatio-temporal characteristics of horizontal eye movements in the natural space (saccade, vergence and combined movements) in young subjects with early onset convergent or divergent strabismus. Nine young subjects (8-20 years old) were tested: three with divergent strabismus, six with convergent strabismus. A standard paradigm was used to elicit pure horizontal saccades at far and at close viewing distance, pure vergence along the median plane (convergence and divergence) and saccades combined with vergence movements. Horizontal eye movements from both eyes were recorded by a photoelectric device. Eye movements were recorded before surgery, and, for the majority of the subjects, two times after surgery. Before surgery the accuracy of convergence and divergence movements in their pure or combined form was poor with respect to normal values. The mean velocity of convergence was also abnormally slow. Strabismus surgery improved significantly the accuracy of these types of eye movements. The speed of pure convergence and of divergence combined movements increased significantly after surgery. We concluded that poor vergence eye movement's performance, particularly those found for convergence in strabismic subjects could be due to impairment in the central structures related to sensory disparity inputs. Adaptive mechanisms promoted by the realignment of the eyes could be at the origin of the improvement in the vergence performances observed in our subjects after strabismus eye surgery.

  5. [Imaging analysis of temporomandibular joint anatomy changes after intraoral condylectomy combined with orthognathic surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, N J; Li, Z L; Yi, B; Liang, C; Wang, X; Wang, X X

    2016-06-01

    To quantitatively analyze the changes of facial symmetry and temporomandibular joint structure at different periods after intraoral condylectomy combined with orthognathic surgery, and to evaluate the long-term stability after the operation. Spiral CT data of 10 cases treated by intraoral condylectomy combined with orthognathic surgery were collected, and then reconstructed by ProPlan software. Mark points were drawn on the 3D-images reconstructed immediately after the operation, and 6 months and 12 months after the operation. The measurements parameters included condylar axis angle in three dimensions, condylar-glenoid relative position and condylar facial morphology related indicators. The results were statistically analyzed by the consistency test and the variance of repeated measurement data. The facial asymmetry of the patients was corrected after operation, the height of the affected mandibular ascending ramus(T1: [67.81±6.95]mm, T2: [64.49±6.24]mm, T3: [63.05±7.07]mm)as well as the degree of pogonion deviation decreased(T1: [2.79±4.93]mm, T2: [0.37±4.20]mm, T3: [0.33 ± 3.97]mm)(P0.05). The post-operative 3D changes of the position and shape of the resected and its contralateral condylar showed that the bilateral condylar axis angle in the horizontal plane gradually grew after operation(affected condyle: 71.95° ± 7.47°, 74.73°±8.44°, 76.56°±5.22°; control condyle: 72.60°±5.56°, 76.00°±5.30°, 77.19°±6.20° and had significant difference between all the post-operative periods)(P0.05). The intraoral condylectomy combined with orthognathic surgery can eliminate condylar lesions effectively and correct the facial asymmetry caused by condylar benign tumor and hyperplasia. The facial symmetry can be maintained well after the operation, and the post-operative condylar morphology changes tended to be stable six months after the operation.

  6. Continuous spinal anesthesia versus combined spinal epidural block for major orthopedic surgery: prospective randomized study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Eduardo Imbelloni

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES: In major orthopedic surgery of the lower limbs, continuous spinal anesthesia (CSA and combined spinal epidural anesthesia (CSE are safe and reliable anesthesia methods. In this prospective randomized clinical study, the blockading properties and side effects of CSA were compared with single interspace CSE, among patients scheduled for major hip or knee surgery. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective clinical study conducted at the Institute for Regional Anesthesia, Hospital de Base, São José do Rio Preto. METHODS: 240 patients scheduled for hip arthroplasty, knee arthroplasty or femoral fracture treatment were randomly assigned to receive either CSA or CSE. Blockades were performed in the lateral position at the L3-L4 interspace. Puncture success, technical difficulties, paresthesia, highest level of sensory and motor blockade, need for complementary doses of local anesthetic, degree of technical difficulties, cardiocirculatory changes and postdural puncture headache (PDPH were recorded. At the end of the surgery, the catheter was removed and cerebrospinal fluid leakage was evaluated. RESULTS: Seven patients were excluded (three CSA and four CSE. There was significantly lower incidence of paresthesia in the CSE group. The resultant sensory blockade level was significantly higher with CSE. Complete motor blockade occurred in 110 CSA patients and in 109 CSE patients. Arterial hypotension was observed significantly more often in the CSE group. PDPH was observed in two patients of each group. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that both CSA and CSE provided good surgical conditions with low incidence of complications. The sensory blockade level and hemodynamic changes were lower with CSA.

  7. A large retroperitoneal lymphatic malformation successfully treated with traditional Japanese Kampo medicine in combination with surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinkai, Toko; Masumoto, Kouji; Chiba, Fumiko; Tanaka, Nao

    2017-12-01

    Current treatment options for lymphatic malformations (LMs) are multimodal. Recently, the effectiveness of treating LMs with Eppikajyutsuto (TJ-28) has been reported. TJ-28 is a kind of oral herbal medicine classified as the traditional Japanese Kampo medicine. A 12-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital for intermittent upper abdominal pain. Radiological examinations revealed a large (9.5 × 5.8 × 10.0 cm) retroperitoneal LM, which was suspected to adhering and stretching both pancreas head and duodenum. The large retroperitoneal tumor resection might induce involving complications because of the size and the location. Therefore, we used TJ-28 in order to diminish the tumor size before surgery. The patient received oral doses of 7.5 g/day (2.5 g × 3 times/day) of TJ-28. Six months after the medication, the tumor decreased markedly to 3.5 × 1.5 × 1.2 cm in size. Thereafter, the mass was sub-totally resected (95%) via a 3 cm trans-umbilical incision without any surgical complications. We reported a case of successfully treated retroperitoneal LM with the combination treatment of TJ-28 and surgery. Based on our experience, this TJ-28 treatment option may be very useful in treating cases of LMs having surgical difficulties because of size and/or location.

  8. Peribulbar anaesthesia using a combination of lidocaine, bupivocaine and clonidine in vitreoretinal surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calenda Emile

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The efficacy and safety of peribulbar anaesthesia was assessed using a combination of lidocaine, bupivacaine and clonidine during eye surgery. Methods: We prospectively studied 100 vitreo-retinal surgical procedures performed by several surgeons. The exclusion criteria included age below 30 years and, axial length of the orbit above 28 mm. Peribulbar was performed using Hamilton′s technique. A mixed anaesthetic solution of equal quantity of lidocaine 2% and bupivacaine 0.5% with clonidine (1mg/kg was injected. Patients received a mean volume of 14.5 ml ± 3.5 of the mixture. Akinesia and analgesia were assessed 15 minutes later by the surgeon. Whenever required, supplemental lidocaine 2% (3 ml by sub- Tenon infiltration was added by the surgeon. Supplemental injections were given only to patients who failed to develop analgesia. Results: The mean age of patients (male 52%, female 48% was 66 years ± 10 (mean ± SD, range 44-90. The 100 surgical procedures were made up of vitrectomy ± gas ± silicone oil (22/100, vitrectomy and lensectomy (6/100, vitrectomy and epiretinal membrane ± laser coagulation ± gas ± silicone oil (35/100, scleral buckling or encircling ± gas (36/100, and cryosurgery ± gas (1/100. Analgesia was adequate throughout surgery without any supplementation in 85% of cases and with a sub-Tenon infiltration in 99%. Akinesia was complete in 84%, mild in 12% and absent in 4% of cases. The sub-Tenon injection was performed in 15% of cases. Three patients (3% were agitated during surgery. No neurologic or cardiac complication was seen. In one patient, the systolic blood pressure decreased from 170 to 110 mmHg, 30 minutes after the institution of the peribulbar block. Conclusion: Our results show that peribulbar anaesthesia in the proposed mixture offers excellent analgesia in 85% of patients, and in 99% of the patients when supplemented by a subtenon injection. The current mixture of lidocaine, bupivacaine and

  9. INTRAVENOUS DEXAMETHASONE IN COMBINATION WITH CAUDAL BLOCK PROLONGS POSTOPERATIVE ANALGESIA IN PEDIATRIC DAYCARE SURGERY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murni Sari Ahmad, Arbi; Azarinah, Izaham; Esa, Kamaruzaman; Khairulamir, Zainuddin; Hamidah, Ismail; Norsidah Abdul, Manap

    2015-06-01

    This study was conducted to determine if intravenous dexamethasone combined with caudal block was able to prolong post-operative analgesia in pediatric daycare surgeries. Sixty four ASA I or II children aged 3 to 10 year old scheduled for daycare open unilateral herniotomy received general anesthesia and caudal block using 0.25% levobupivacaine 0.75 mg.kg(-1) with suppository paracetamol 30 mg.kg(-1). After anesthesia induction, they were randomized to receive either intravenous dexamethasone 0.5 mg.kg(-1) (Group I) or same volume intravenous normal saline (Group II). Postoperatively, pain scores were assessed using Wong- Baker faces scale. At home, their parents assessed and recorded the pain scores, time to first oral paracetamol served and frequency of paracetamol given in two consecutive days post surgery. On the third postoperative day, these information were gathered from the parents via a phone call. There were statistically significant differences between Group I and Group II in the median time to first paracetamol (800 vs 520 min, p = 0.01), mean pain scores postoperative day 1 (1.9 ± 2.0 vs 3.5 ± 2.2, p = 0.05), mean pain score-postoperative day 2 (0.8 ± 1.6 vs 2.3 ± 2.0, p = 0.03) and mean frequencies of paracetamol given on postoperative day 2 (0.3 ± 0.8 vs 1.1 ± 1.0, p = 0.02). A single intravenous dexamethasone dose when combined with caudal block reduces postoperative pain, decreases paracetamol requirement and prolongs analgesic duration in children after open herniotomy.

  10. Minimally invasive combined glaucoma and cataract surgery: clinical results of the smallest ab interno gel stent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Gregorio, Alessandra; Pedrotti, Emilio; Russo, Luisa; Morselli, Simonetta

    2017-05-29

    To verify the efficacy in intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction and safety of the smallest gel stent (XEN 45 Gel Stent) microincisional glaucoma surgery combined with microincisional cataract surgery (MICS). Nonrandomized prospective clinical study. Forty-one eyes of 33 patients with open-angle glaucoma underwent a XEN 45 Gel Stent implantation combined with MICS. Treatment outcomes analyzed included: IOP, medication use, intra- and postoperative complications. At the end of the follow-up, we evaluated the complete success, defined as a postoperative IOP ≥ 6 and ≤17 mmHg without glaucoma medications and the qualified success defined as a postoperative IOP ≥ 6 and ≤17 mmHg, with glaucoma medications. The mean preoperative IOP was 22.5 ± 3.7 mmHg on 2.5 ± 0.9 medication classes. After 12 months, the mean postoperative IOP was 13.1 ± 2.4 mmHg (mean IOP reduction of 41.82%) with a mean of 0.4 ± 0.8 medication classes (P < 0.05 for IOP and medications). The complete success rate was achieved in 80.4% and a qualified success in 97.5%. There were no major intra- and postoperative complications during the first year of follow-up. This study demonstrated that the smaller diameter XEN 45 gel implant is statistically effective in reducing IOP and medications in glaucoma patients with a low rate of complications.

  11. Transsacral rectocele following combined neurinoma resection: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheuermann, Uwe; Bartsch, Fabian; Jansen-Winkeln, Boris; Lang, Hauke; Kneist, Werner

    2016-01-01

    This report describes for the first time a case of a transsacral rectocele after combined abdominotranssacral tumour resection. Furthermore, we demonstrate a method for laparoscopic defect repair. A 44-year-old Caucasian female presented to our hospital with strange gurgling sounds and a painless subdermal swelling in her lower back after resection of a presacral neurinoma two years earlier. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a huge rectocele through a sacral defect extending into the subcutaneous tissue. We performed a laparoscopic defect repair with the implantation of a self-fixating mesh graft. Five days after surgery, the patient was discharged in a good general condition. Five months after the operation, a follow-up MRI showed a good postoperative result with the correct position of the rectum. The repair of transsacral prolapses with attachment of a mesh is complicated by the high rigidity of the pelvis and its surrounding structures. The key criteria in choosing the method of operative approach are the size and content of the prolapse. Huge sacral defects with bowel prolapses require a transabdominal approach to enable repositioning the bowel into the abdomen and excluding bowel injuries and inner hernias. A laparoscopic approach provides a good intraoperative visibility for a safe retrorectal preparation and mesh graft repair of sacral defects. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  12. Combined sacrospinous hysteropexy and cystopexy using a single anterior incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petruzzelli, Paolo; Chiadò Fiorio Tin, Michela; Cosma, Stefano; Parisi, Silvia; Garofalo, Anna; Todros, Tullia

    2016-10-01

    To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of a minimally invasive vaginal approach for treating advanced utero-vaginal prolapse. A prospective study enrolled consecutive patients attending the Gynecology and Obstetrics Department, Turin University for treatment of Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) stage III of higher symptomatic utero-vaginal prolapse between February 1, 2013 and November 30, 2014. Participants underwent a combined sacrospinous hysteropexy and cystopexy procedure using a single anterior vaginal incision. Surgical procedures were performed by one of two surgeons, either an experienced senior surgeon or a resident surgeon under supervision. POP-Q staging, patient symptoms, and quality of life were evaluated before and after surgery. The present study enrolled 42 patients and 19 (45%) were discharged on the first post-operative day. The mean operating time was 40.5±10.6minutes and there was no significant difference in operating time between the two surgeons. With an average follow-up duration of 13months, significant post-surgical improvements were recorded across both POP-Q anterior (Ppost-surgical recovery. Copyright © 2016 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Combined aortic root replacement and mitral valve surgery: The quest to preserve both valves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javadikasgari, Hoda; Roselli, Eric E; Aftab, Muhammad; Suri, Rakesh M; Desai, Milind Y; Khosravi, Mitra; Cikach, Frank; Isabella, Monica; Idrees, Jay J; Raza, Sajjad; Tappuni, Bassman; Griffin, Brian P; Svensson, Lars G; Gillinov, A Marc

    2017-05-01

    Coexisting aortic root and mitral valve pathology is increasingly recognized among patients undergoing surgery. We characterized the pathology and surgical outcomes of patients with combined aortic root and mitral disease. From 1987 to 2016, 118 patients (age 52.40 ± 17.71 years) underwent concomitant aortic root and mitral procedures (excluding aortic stenosis, endocarditis, and reoperations). Aortic root pathologies included degenerative aneurysm (94%) and aortic dissection (6%). The aortic valve was bicuspid in 15% of patients and had normally functioning tricuspid leaflets in 23% of patients. Marfan syndrome was present in 34 patients (29%). Degenerative mitral disease predominated (78%). Mitral procedures were repair (86%) and replacement (14%), and root procedures were valve-preserving root reimplantation (36%), Bentall procedure (47%), and homograft root replacement (17%). In the last 10 years, the combination of valve-preserving root reimplantation and mitral repair has increased to 50%. Kaplan-Meier and competing risk analyses were used to estimate survival and reoperation. There were 2 (1.7%) operative deaths with survival of 79% and 71% at 10 and 15 years, respectively, and reoperation rates of 4.7% and 12% after 5 and 10 years, respectively. There were no operative deaths in patients with combined valve-preserving root reimplantation and mitral repair, with survival of 89% and reoperation rate of 7.8% at 10 years. Among patients with Bentall/homograft and mitral operation, survival was 73% and reoperation was 9.8% at 10 years. In patients with aortic root and mitral pathology, combined surgical risk is low and valve durability is high. When possible, valve-preserving root reimplantation and mitral repair should be considered to avoid prosthesis degeneration, anticoagulation, and lifestyle limitations. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  14. Why complex pelvic organ prolapse should be approached abdominally.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Elizabeth R

    2013-07-01

    This review summarizes the recent clinical trials that address the abdominal approach for treatment of uterine or vaginal vault prolapse following hysterectomy. Open abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) has improved anatomic and sexual functioning outcomes compared with the sacrospinous ligament suspension but this benefit comes with higher costs. Newer studies suggest that minimally invasive approaches to ASC that result in 1 day of hospitalization can be cost-effective. Although most studies demonstrate higher costs when using the robot during laparoscopic surgery, the costs of initial purchase and maintenance become insignificant when a single robot is used at least twice a day (500 procedures annually). Minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy appears to result in less small bowel obstruction and ileus however, intraoperative bowel injury rates are similar. During sacrocolpopexy, placing the sacral suture at the promontory may put the L5-S1 intervetebral disc at risk, while placing the suture 5 mm below the promontory would ensure the suture is at the level of S1 vertebrae. Lastly, the use of cadaveric fascia lata as an alternative to polypropylene mesh for sacrocolpopexy in patients who were followed for 5 years, results in decreased anatomic outcomes, similar subjective outcomes and surprisingly, similar mesh erosion rates. One of the significant benefits of sacrocolpopexy is that it is not a procedure that has been developed for profit. As a result, the procedure has evolved based on modifications suggested by surgeons with no financial gain. Minimally invasive approaches to ASC allow for the benefits of ASC with significant reductions in patient hospitalization.

  15. Obesity and recurrent intervertebral disc prolapse after lumbar microdiscectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quah, C; Syme, G; Swamy, G N; Nanjayan, S; Fowler, A; Calthorpe, D

    2014-03-01

    The primary aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between obesity and recurrent intervertebral disc prolapse (IDP) following lumbar microdiscectomy. A retrospective review of case notes from 2008 to 2012 was conducted for all patients who underwent single level lumbar microdiscectomy performed by a single surgeon. All patients were followed up at two weeks and six weeks following surgery, and given an open appointment for a further six months. A total of 283 patients were available for analysis: 190 (67%) were in the non-obese group and 93 (32.9%) in the obese group. There was no statistical difference in postoperative infection, dural tear or length of stay between the non-obese and obese groups. Recurrent symptomatic IDP was seen in 27 patients (9.5%) confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. Nineteen (10.0%) were in the non-obese group and eight (8.6%) in the obese group (p>0.8). In our study, obesity was not a predictor of recurrent IDP following lumbar microdiscectomy. Our literature review confirmed that this study reports the largest series to date analysing the relationship between obesity and recurrent IDP following lumbar microdiscectomy in the British population.

  16. Outcomes of surgery for unstable odontoid fractures combined with instability of adjacent segments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background At present, traumatic atlantoaxial dislocation or C2-3 instability complicating odontoid fractures remains rarely reported. The aim of this study was to further investigate the surgical treatment strategies and curative effects for odontoid fractures combined with instability of adjacent segments. Methods This is a retrospective study of 12 patients (5 females and 7 males; age, 21–65 years) who underwent internal fixation for odontoid fractures (type II and shallow type III) and atlantoaxial instability in 6 cases, C2-3 instability in 4 cases, simultaneous C1-2 and C2-3 instability in 2 cases between January 2005 and June 2012. Accordingly, individualized surgeries were performed. Fracture healing and bone fusion were determined on X-ray scan. Upper limbs, lower limbs and sphincter functions were assessed using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score. Frankel grading system was used for the evaluation of neurological situation. Results Mean follow-up time of all 12 cases was 16.4 months (range, 12 to 48 months). Odontoid fracture healing was obtained in all patients within 9 months, and graft fusion was achieved within 6 months. JOA score was significantly improved from 6.3 ± 3.1 preoperatively to 11.1 ± 4.6 at 12 months after operation (P = 0.007), with 50.5 ± 25.7% recovery rate and 66.7% excellent and good rate. Except one patient still had Frankel grade B neurological injury at 12 months after surgery, the other patients improved their neurological situation (at 1 grade in Frankel scale). One patient developed wound fat liquefaction which resolved by changing the dressing. Cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred in three patients, which resolved after the continuous drainage for 2 days. Conclusions According to the characteristics of odontoid fractures, the individualized operative procedure should be performed, resulting in high fracture healing rate, function recovery rate, and less, transient complications. PMID:25164238

  17. Efficacy and safety of combined cataract surgery with 2 trabecular microbypass stents versus ab interno trabeculotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Michelle; Saheb, Hady; Neelakantan, Arvind; Fellman, Ronald; Vest, Zachary; Harasymowycz, Paul; Ahmed, Iqbal Ike K

    2015-08-01

    To compare the outcomes of combined cataract surgery with trabecular microbypass stents and ab interno trabeculotomy in patients with open-angle glaucoma. University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, and University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, and Glaucoma Associates of Texas, Dallas, Texas, USA. Retrospective case series. Patients with primary open-angle, pseudoexfoliative, or pigmentary dispersion glaucoma were included. Primary outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP), postoperative medications, success (IOP ≤18 mm Hg, no glaucoma medications or reoperations), and postoperative adverse events. The average patient age was 76.5 years ± 12 [SD]. Forty-nine eyes had phacoemulsification and 2 had stent implantations; 52 eyes had phacoemulsification and trabeculotomy surgery with a 12-month postoperative follow-up. The analysis of variance indicated a significant reduction in mean IOP from baseline to 12 months for stent (19.6 ± 5.3 mm Hg to 14.3 ± 3.1 mm Hg; P < .001) and trabeculotomy (20.6 ± 6.8 mm Hg to 17.3 ± 6.5 mm Hg; P < .001) and lower mean IOP at 12 months in the stent group (P = .01). The median number of glaucoma medications decreased from baseline to 12 months in both groups and was lower in the stent group at 3, 6, and 12 months. Thirty-nine percent (19 eyes) in the stent group and 14% (7 eyes) in the trabeculotomy group achieved success at 12 months (P = .006). The incidence of hyphema was lower in the stent group (P = .008). Both types of surgery achieved a significant reduction in IOP and medication use at 12 months, with the stent group achieving higher success and a reduced incidence of postoperative hyphema. Dr. Ahmed is a consultant to and investigator for Glaukos Corp., Ivantis, Inc., Transcend Medical, Inc., and Aquesys, Inc., and has received speaker honoraria from Neomedix, Inc. Dr. Saheb has received travel funding from Glaukos Corp., Ivantis, Inc., and Transcend Medical, Inc., and a research grant from Ivantis, Inc. Dr

  18. Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy with transcervical morcellation and sacrocervicopexy: initial experience with a novel surgical approach to uterovaginal prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenblatt, Peter L; Apostolis, Costas A; Hacker, Michele R; DiSciullo, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a new laparoscopic technique for the treatment of uterovaginal prolapse using a transcervical access port to minimize the laparoscopic incision. From February 2008 through August 2010, symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse in 43 patients was evaluated and surgically treated using this novel procedure. Preoperative assessment included pelvic examination, the pelvic organ prolapse quantification scoring system (POP-Q), and complex urodynamic testing with prolapse reduction to evaluate for symptomatic or occult stress urinary incontinence. The surgical procedure consisted of laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy with transcervical morcellation and laparoscopic sacrocervicopexy with anterior and posterior mesh extension. Concomitant procedures were performed as indicated. All procedures were completed laparoscopically using only 5-mm abdominal port sites, with no intraoperative complications. Patients were followed up postoperatively for pelvic examination and POP-Q at 6 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months. The median (interquartile range) preoperative POP-Q values for point Aa was 0 (-1.0 to 1.0), and for point C was -1.0 (-3.0 to 2.0). Postoperatively, median points Aa and C were significantly improved at 6 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months (all p surgery. We conclude that laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy with transcervical morcellation and laparoscopic sacrocervicopexy is a safe and feasible surgical approach to treatment of uterovaginal prolapse, with excellent anatomic results at 6 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months. Potential advantages of the procedure include minimizing laparoscopic port site size, decreasing the rate of mesh exposure compared with other published data, and reducing the rate of postoperative cyclic bleeding in premenopausal women by removing the cervical core. Longer follow-up is needed to determine the durability and potential long-term sequelae of the

  19. The Incidence of Concomitant Precancerous Lesions in Cases Who Underwent Hysterectomy for Prolapse

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    Serdar Aydin

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of the study was is to assess the incidence of unexpected gynecological cancers and pre-cancerous lesions following hysterectomy for pelvic organ prolapse to better understand the risks of uterine sparing surgery. Material and Method: This was a retrospective analysis of histopathology findings after hysterectomy for uterine prolapse surgery who underwent preoperative diagnostic work including cervical cytology, transvaginal ultrasonography and endometrial histopathological examination for a high risk group (Postmenopausal women with an endometrial thickness of %u22655 mm and premenopausal women with abnormal bleeding. Patients with a history of endometrial, cervical and/or adnexal precancerous or cancerous pathological conditions and with incomplete medical records were excluded.Results: Results were taken from 106 women who underwent hysterectomy. The abdominal route was used in 22 cases (21.7 %, the vaginal route in 82 patients (77.4 % and laparoscopic-assisted vaginal route in two (1.9 % women. Oophorectomy was performed in 35 (33 % cases. None of the patients had malignant histopathology specimens from hysterectomy. Total premalignant pathology incidence was 7.5 % (8/106. Six (5.7% patients had simple endometrial hyperplasia and 2 patients (1.9 % had cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Discussion: The incidence of unexpected endometrial, cervical or ovarian malignancy among women who underwent hysterectomy after preoperative diagnostic workup including transvaginal ultrasonograhy, endometrial pathological examination to high risk cases was negligible. The inclusion of low risk endometrial and cervical precancerous lesions increased the incidences. Our results could provide precious data to extrapolate to similar populations with uterine prolapse who desire surgical correction sparing uterus.

  20. Spinal Epidural Varices, a great Mimic of Intervertebral Disc Prolapse - A Case Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    V, Raghavendra; Haridas, Papanaik; Kumar, Anand; K, Ajith

    2014-01-01

    Epidural venous plexus enlargement, presenting with low back pain and radiculopathy, is an uncommon cause of nerve roots impingement. This condition commonly mimics a herniated nucleus pulposus radiologically. The radiological diagnosis is often missed and the diagnosis is made during the surgery. We are hereby presenting 2 such cases of epidural varices mimicking intervertebral disc prolapse with lumbar radiculopathy. Case 1: 43 yr old female presented with acute exacerbation of low back ache and significant right L5-S1 radiculopathy without neurological deficit. MRI reported as L5-S1 disc prolapse. Intra-operatively engorged dilated epidural vein seen compressing S1 nerve root. Associated Disc bulge removed and Coagulative ablation of the dilated epidural vein was performed Case 2: 45 year old male manual labourer presented with backache with left sided sciatica since 8 months, increased in severity since past 1month associated with sensory blunting in L5 and S1 dermatomes. Neurologic examination revealed normal muscle power in his lower extremities. Sensations was blunted in L5 and S1 dermatomes. MRI was reported as L5-S1 disc prolapsed compressing left S1 nerve root. Decompression of the L5-S1 intervertebral space was performed through a left -sidelaminotomy. Large, engorged serpentine epidural veins was found in the axilla of S1 nerve root, compressing it. Coagulative ablation of the dilated epidural vein was performed. Retrospectively, features of epidural varices were noted in the preoperative magnetic resonance imaging scans. Both patients had significant improvement in radiculopathy immediate postoperatively, and sensory symptoms resolved over the next 6 weeks in second case. At recent follow up, both patients had significant relief of symptoms and no recurrent radicular symptoms. An abnormal dilated epidural venous plexus that mimics a herniated lumbar disc is a rare entity. This pathology should be always kept in mind during lumbar disc surgery

  1. The use of mesh implants in vaginal prolapse surgery: Position ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    , or the use of full-length mid-urethral mesh for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (e.g. tension-free vaginal tape/transobturator sling tape). In January 2012, the FDA introduced mandatory postmarket surveillance of all mesh implanted ...

  2. Endothelial keratoplasty combined with cataract surgery or alone using polyethylene glycol hydrogel sealant for closure of corneal incisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spierer, Oriel; O'Brien, Terrence P

    2015-03-01

    We present a surgical technique in which polyethylene glycol hydrogel is used to seal corneal incisions and maintain air in the anterior chamber. This technique was used in 11 eyes that had Descemet-stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK). In 2 cases, DSEK was combined with cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation. In all cases, the anterior chamber was well formed with no leakage and the donor graft remained attached following surgery. The use of polyethylene glycol hydrogel in DSEK and combined DSEK-cataract surgery may shorten surgery, decrease suture-induced corneal astigmatism, and prevent the need for suture removal. Neither author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  3. The Therapeutic Effects of Combination Therapy with Curcumin and Alendronate on Spine Fusion Surgery in the Ovariectomized Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Dae-Chul; Ryu, Kyoungsu; Kim, Kyoung-Tae; Sung, Joo-Kyung

    2017-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of combination therapy with curcumin and alendronate on spine fusion surgery in ovariectomized rats. Thirty-two female Sprague-Dawley rats (12 weeks old) underwent bilateral ovariectomy (OVX). Eight weeks after surgery, animals underwent intertransverse spine fusion at L4-5. The rats were randomly distributed amongst 4 groups; untreated OVX group, curcumin administered group, alendronate administered group, and the combination therapy group. At 8 weeks after fusion surgery, the animals were sacrificed and the fusion mass was assessed by manual palpation, radiographic scan, and micro-computed tomographic scan. In addition, mechanical strength was determined by a 3-point bending test. Based on the results of manual palpation testing and 3-dimensional micro-computed tomography scanning, solid bone fusion rate was 50% (4 of 8) in the OVX group, 75% (6 of 8) in the alendronate-only and curcumin-only group, and 87.5% (7 of 8) in the combination therapy group, respectively. The combination therapy group had a higher fusion rate compared with the other treatment groups, though not statistically significantly (p>0.05). And the combination therapy group had a significant increase in fusion volume at 8 weeks after spine fusion surgery compared with curcumin-only group (p=0.039). The 3-point bending test showed that combination therapy group had a significantly greater maximal load value compared to that of curcumin-only group (p=0.024). The present study demonstrated that additional treatment of curcumin and alendronate after spine fusion surgery in rat can promote higher fusion volume, and improve bone mechanical strength.

  4. Efficacy of the SENSIMED Triggerfish(®) in the postoperative follow-up of PHACO-ExPRESS combined surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osorio-Alayo, V; Pérez-Torregrosa, V T; Clemente-Tomás, R; Olate-Pérez, Á; Cerdà-Ibáñez, M; Gargallo-Benedicto, A; Barreiro-Rego, A; Duch-Samper, A

    2017-08-01

    To determine the usefulness of the SENSIMED Triggerfish(®) system in the postoperative control of combined phacoemulsification and ExPRESS implant (PHACO-ExPRESS) surgery in patients with cataract and chronic open angle glaucoma (COAG) during a 2 months follow-up. A prospective study conducted on 15 eyes that were subjected to PHACO-ExPRESS combined surgery. Using the SENSIMED Triggerfish(®) system, two records of the circadian patterns of intraocular pressure (IOP) were performed, one before and one after surgery. A record was made of the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), comorbidities, previous IOP, and 7-30-60 days after surgery, as well as any hypotensive drugs and complications. The final sample was 12 eyes. The mean pre-operative BCVA (log MAR chart) before surgery was 0.5±0.2, and after surgery 0.14±0.1 (P=.02). The previous IOP was 18.7±3.8mmHg with 2.9±0.7 drugs. The mean IOP at 7, 30, and 60 days after surgery decreased to 13±4.1mmHg (P=.002), 13.5±2mmHg (P=.001), and 13.9±2.5mmHg (P=.001), respectively. The amplitudes of the circadian curves changed significantly after surgery (P=.007). The mean values between daytime and night-time periods decreased significantly from 146.8±80.9 mVeq and 61.2±92.mVeq before surgery to 36.4±36 mVeq (P=.000), and -23,2±47.6mVeq (P=.014) after surgery, respectively. There were complications in one patient. The SENSIMED Triggerfish(®) monitoring system showed changes in the curves of the circadian patterns, as well as decreased mean amplitudes after the combined PHACO-ExPRESS technique, suggesting that it may become a useful tool for postoperative follow-up of COAG. Copyright © 2017 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  5. Surgery for complex perineal fistula following rectal cancer treatment using biological mesh combined with gluteal perforator flap

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Musters, G. D.; Lapid, O.; Bemelman, W. A.; Tanis, P. J.

    2014-01-01

    Three patients with complex perineal fistula after extensive pelvic surgery and radiotherapy underwent surgical treatment combining a biological mesh for pelvic floor reconstruction and a unilateral superior gluteal artery perforator (SGAP) flap for filling of the perineal defect. All patients had

  6. Effect of parecoxib sodium on propofol combined with fentanyl anesthesia effect and postoperative recovery in elderly patients with laparoscopic surgery

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    Wei Zhang

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the effect of parecoxib sodium on propofol combined with fentanyl anesthesia effect and postoperative recovery in elderly patients with laparoscopic surgery. Methods: A total of 80 cases of elderly patients who received laparoscopic surgery in our hospital from May 2013 to December 2015 were selected for study and randomly divided into observation group who received parecoxib sodium + propofol combined with fentanyl anesthesia and control group who received propofol combined with fentanyl anesthesia, and then pain threshold and serum indicators of two groups were compared. Results: 2 h, 4 h, 6 h, 8 h, 10 h and 12 h after surgery, pain threshold EI50 of observation group was significantly higher than that of control group; serum Glu, PS, histamine, 5-HT, MCP-1, CCR2, JAK2, STAT3, p38MAPK, PX1, Orexin, IRAK1, TRAF6 and FcγRI contents of observation group were significantly lower than those of control group; serum GABA and β-EP contents of observation group were significantly higher than those of control group. Conclusion: Parecoxib sodium has inhibiting effect on the pain perception of propofol combined with fentanyl anesthesia for elderly patients with laparoscopic surgery and can reduce the synthesis of pain neurotransmitters, inflammatory factors and related molecules.

  7. Role of targeted therapy in combination with surgery in renal cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bex, Axel; Powles, Thomas; Karam, Jose A

    2016-01-01

    Surgical complete resection is the only curative treatment of renal cell carcinoma including patients with locally advanced disease and those with limited metastatic disease. Patients at high risk of recurrence after complete resection might theoretically benefit from adjuvant and neoadjuvant systemic treatment strategies to prolong disease-free survival and ultimately overall survival. Another rationale for using targeted therapy includes downsizing/downstaging of surgically complex locally advanced renal cell carcinoma to facilitate complete resection or primary tumors to allow for nephron-sparing strategies. Unfortunately, a considerable percentage of patients are diagnosed with metastatic disease at first presentation. Although large population-based studies consistently show a survival benefit after cytoreductive nephrectomy in the targeted therapy era, confounding factors preclude definite conclusions for this heterogeneous patient group until ongoing phase III trials are published. Presurgical targeted therapy has been proposed to identify patients with clinical benefit and potentially long-term survival after cytoreductive nephrectomy. Recently, the use of targeted therapy before or after local treatment of metastases has been reported in small retrospective series. The present review revisits the current evidence base of targeted therapy in combination with surgery for the various disease stages in renal cell carcinoma. © 2015 The Japanese Urological Association.

  8. Comparison of Anesthesia Quality for Arthroscopic Knee Surgery: Combined Sciatic Femoral Block and Unilateral Spinal Anesthesia

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    Sinem Sarı

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: We aimed to evaluate the quality of anesthesia of combined sciatic and femoral 3-in-1 nerve blocks (CSFB and unilateral spinal anesthesia technique with low-dose levobupivacaine in outpatients undergoing knee arthroscopy surgery. Materials and Methods: Forty American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA physical status I-II patients were randomly allocated into two groups and unilateral spinal anesthesia with low-dose levobupivacaine (group S, n=20 or CSFB (group B, n=20 was performed. Besides the quality of anesthesia, anesthetic effectiveness, hemodynamic values, duration of the technique application, maximum motor and sensorial block levels and durations, the first analgesics need, and total analgesic consumptions during postoperative 24 hours and determined complications were compared between the two groups. Results: The quality of anesthesia was better in group S, no patient received either sedation or analgesic intraoperatively while first analgesic need and number of patient was higher (p=0.014, p<0.001, p=0.032 respectively. The duration of technical application was shorter while maximum motor and sensorial block levels were higher in group S (p<0.0001, p=0.008, p<0.001 respectively. Motor block duration was significantly longer in group B (p<0.0001. Conclusion: We concluded that CSFB practice is an effective anesthetic alternative for unilateral spinal anesthesia. Introduction

  9. Dual Approach Using Vitrectorhexis Combined with Anterior Vitrectomy in Pediatric Cataract Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    İlhan, Özgür; Coşkun, Mesut; Keskin, Uğurcan; Ayıntap, Emre; İlhan, Nilüfer; Tuzcu, Esra; Dağlıoğlu, Mutlu; Öksüz, Hüseyin

    2013-01-01

    Purpose. To evaluate efficacy and safety of vitrectorhexis method for both anterior and posterior capsules combined with anterior vitrectomy in children with cataract. Methods. A retrospective chart review was performed for 19 children with cataract operated at a tertiary referral center. Dual approach including anterior and posterior segments was used during the surgery in terms of capsulotomy, intraocular lens (IOL) implantation, and anterior vitrectomy. Results. A total of 23 eyes of 19 patients were enrolled in the study. The mean age of the children was 39.4 ± 2.2 months (5–78). The mean postoperative followup duration was 20.6 ± 7.8 months (3–32). Intraoperative tear was observed only in one of 23 (4.3%) eyes during anterior capsulotomy. All of the patients had a clear visual axis and showed no IOL decentration. Conclusions. Dual approach using vitrectorhexis and anterior vitrectomy is an easy-to-perform technique that seems safe and effective in the short term for younger children. PMID:24523968

  10. Mitral valve prolapse in Zaria: clinical and echocardiographic features

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . The commonest prolapsing leaflet was the anterior mitral valve leaflet found in 80% of the cases. Eight patients (80%) had classical MVP and the remaining two had non-classical MVP. There were significant difference between those with ...

  11. Comparison of outcomes after vaginal reconstruction surgery between elderly and younger women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiap Loong Tan

    2014-09-01

    Conclusion: This study showed that adequately optimized older patients undergoing pelvic organ prolapse surgery experienced the same anatomical outcomes, comparable improved quality of life, morbidity, and mortality as their counterparts of younger age.

  12. Can Combined Bypass Surgery at Middle Cerebral Artery Territory Save Anterior Cerebral Artery Territory in Adult Moyamoya Disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Won-Sang; Kim, Jeong Eun; Paeng, Jin Chul; Suh, Minseok; Kim, Yong-Il; Kang, Hyun-Seung; Son, Young Je; Bang, Jae Seung; Oh, Chang Wan

    2017-03-01

    Patients with moyamoya disease are frequently encountered with improved symptoms related to anterior cerebral artery territory (ACAt) and middle cerebral artery territory (MCAt) after bypass surgery at MCAt. To evaluate hemodynamic changes in MCAt and ACAt after bypass surgery in adult moyamoya disease. Combined bypass surgery was performed on 140 hemispheres in 126 patients with MCAt symptoms. Among them, 87 hemispheres (62.1%) accompanied preoperative ACAt symptoms. Clinical, hemodynamic, and angiographic states were evaluated preoperatively and approximately 6 months after surgery. Preoperative symptoms resolved in 127 MCAt (90.7%) and 82 ACAt (94.3%). Hemodynamic analysis of total patients showed a significant improvement in MCAt basal perfusion and reservoir capacity ( P < .001 and P = .002, respectively) and ACAt basal perfusion ( P = .001). In a subgroup analysis, 82 hemispheres that completely recovered from preoperative ACAt symptoms showed a significant improvement in MCAt basal perfusion and reservoir capacity ( P < .001 and P = .05, respectively) and ACAt basal perfusion ( P = .04). Meanwhile, 53 hemispheres that had never experienced ACAt symptoms significantly improved MCAt basal perfusion and reservoir capacity ( P < .001 and P = .05, respectively); however, no ACAt changes were observed. A qualitative angiographic analysis demonstrated a higher trend of leptomeningeal formation from MCAt to ACAt in the former subgroup ( P = .05). During follow-up, no ACAt infarctions were observed. Combined bypass surgery at MCAt resulted in hemodynamic improvements in ACAt and MCAt, especially in patients with preoperative ACAt symptoms.

  13. Vascular Endothelial-Targeted Therapy Combined with Cytotoxic Chemotherapy Induces Inflammatory Intratumoral Infiltrates and Inhibits Tumor Relapses after Surgery

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    Brendan F. Judy

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Surgery is the most effective therapy for cancer in the United States, but disease still recurs in more than 40% of patients within 5 years after resection. Chemotherapy is given postoperatively to prevent relapses; however, this approach has had marginal success. After surgery, recurrent tumors depend on rapid neovascular proliferation to deliver nutrients and oxygen. Phosphatidylserine (PS is exposed on the vascular endothelial cells in the tumor microenvironment but is notably absent on blood vessels in normal tissues. Thus, PS is an attractive target for cancer therapy after surgery. Syngeneic mice bearing TC1 lung cancer tumors were treated with mch1N11 (a novel mouse chimeric monoclonal antibody that targets PS, cisplatin (cis, or combination after surgery. Tumor relapses and disease progression were decreased 90% by combination therapy compared with a 50% response rate for cis alone (P = .02. Mice receiving postoperative mch1N11 had no wound-related complications or added systemic toxicity in comparison to control animals. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that the effects of mch1N11 were associated with a dense infiltration of inflammatory cells, particularly granulocytes. This strategy was independent of the adaptive immune system. Together, these data suggest that vascular-targeted strategies directed against exposed PS may be a powerful adjunct to postoperative chemotherapy in preventing relapses after cancer surgery.

  14. Spinal spondylosis and acute intervertebral disc prolapse in a European brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos : clinical communication

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    W.M. Wagner

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available A 22-year-old male European brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos was presented to the Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital after an acute onset of hind limb paralysis 4 days earlier. Previous radiographs revealed marked degenerative joint disease of the stifles, tarsi and digits. The clinical findings were consistent with acute disc prolapse. Lateral radiographs of the entire vertebral column were made as well as ventrodorsal pelvic radiographs. The latter were within normal limits. The vertebral column revealed multiple lesions consistent with chronic and acute disc herniations. Lateral compression of the caudal lumbar nerve roots could not be ruled out. Owing to multiple significant findings of the vertebral column and the poor prognosis for full recovery after surgery, the bear was euthanased. The diagnosis of an acute disc prolapse and multiple chronic disc herniations was confirmed on necropsy.

  15. Acute disc prolapse secondary to seizure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satia, Imran; Goodwin, Lynsey; Madi, Salem; Hamdalla, Hisham

    2011-06-09

    A 37-year-old female presented following a witnessed generalised tonic clonic seizure while washing her car. Witnesses reported the patient hit her head on the car bumper upon falling. She was investigated for a cause of a second seizure with blood tests, CT and MR brain which were normal. On day 3 of her admission she was still unable to walk since the seizure and a neurological examination was performed which revealed signs consistent with a cervical myelopathy. A cervical MRI scan revealed a disc prolapse with cord compression at C5/6. This was successfully operated and the patient made a good recovery. Given that many of our medical assessment units and emergency department frequently assess patient with seizures, there was an important lesson for us to be more aware of the consequences as well as the cause of seizures.

  16. Piezogenic pedal papules with mitral valve prolapse

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    Cihan Altin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Piezogenic pedal papules (PPP are herniations of subcutaneous adipose tissue into the dermis. PPP are skin-colored to yellowish papules and nodules on lateral surfaces of feet that typically become apparent when the patient stands flat on his/her feet. Some connective tissue diseases and syndromes have been reported in association with PPP. Mitral valve prolapse (MVP is a myxomatous degeneration of the mitral valve, characterized by the displacement of an abnormally thickened mitral valve leaflet into the left atrium during systole. MVP may be isolated or part of a heritable connective tissue disorder. PPP, which is generally considered as an isolated lesion, might be also a predictor of some cardiac diseases associated with connective tissue abnormalities such as MVP. A detailed systemic investigation including cardiac examination should be done in patients with PPP. Since in the literature, there are no case reports of association of PPP with MVP, we report these cases.

  17. Combining limb-sparing surgery with radiation therapy in high-grade soft tissue sarcoma of extremities - Is it effective?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, D A; Beltrami, G; Scoccianti, G; Frenos, F; Capanna, R

    2016-07-01

    Limb-sparing surgery in combination with radiation therapy is a well-established treatment for high-grade soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities. But selection of cases and optimal sequence of irradiation and surgery still remain controversial. 769 patients with a high-grade soft tissue sarcoma of the extremities, who underwent a limb-sparing surgery, were retrospectively reviewed. Group 1 (N = 89) was treated with neo-adjuvant radiation therapy, group 2 (N = 315) with adjuvant irradiation and group 3 (N = 365) with surgery alone. After a mean follow up of 45 months 95 local recurrences occurred resulting in a local recurrence-free survival of 83.2% after 5 years and 75.9% after 10 years. Contaminated surgical margins (Odds ratio: 2.42) and previous inadequate surgeries (Odds ratio: 1.89) were identified as risk factors for failed local control. Neo-adjuvant radiation therapy provides the best local recurrence-free rate for 5 years (90.0%), whereas after 10 years (78.3%) adjuvant irradiation showed better local control. The metastatic-free rate was independent from achieved surgical margins (p = 0.179). Group 1 showed the highest rate of revision surgery (9.0%), followed by group 3 (5.5%) and group 2 (4.4%) (p = 0.085). However, the rate of irradiation-correlated side effects was higher in group 2 (15.2%) than in group 1 (11.2%) (p = 0.221). Surgery has to be effective for successful local control and remains the mainstay of the treatment in combination with neo-adjuvant as well as adjuvant irradiation. In really wide or even radical resections the benefit of radiation therapy can be discussed as the irradiation induced side effects are not negligible. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Advantageous usage combined spinal, epidural and general anesthesia versus general anesthesia in abdominal surgery

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    Malenković Vesna

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Type and technique of anesthesia have an important effect on per operative surgical course. The aim of the study was prospective analyses of advantages of combined spinal, epidural and general anesthesia (CSEGA versus general anesthesia (GA in abdominal surgery according to: 1. operative course (haemodynamic stability of patients, quality of analgesia, undesirables effects, 2. postoperative course (quality of analgesia, unfavorable effects, temporary abode of patients in intensive care. Using prospective randomized double blind controlled study, we evaluated two groups of patients whom the same type of abdominal surgical intervention was planed and the only difference was the type of technique of anesthesia. First group of patients (n=34, was treated with CSEGA and second group of patients (n=33, was treated only with standard (GA. Both groups had intraoperative and 24-hour-long postoperative continued monitoring of blood pressure central venous pressure, and dieresis. In the 24 hours postoperative period the following parameters were analyzed: vigilance conditions, motor block level, pain intensity in rest and movement, necessity for a complementary analgesia, side effects and final subjective effect of analgesia. There was important difference in waking up the patients after a general anesthesia in the first group this period was shorter. In the first 24 hours, patients from the first group didn't get any systemic analgesic, while the patients from the second group needed fractionary application of parenteral analgesics in the period of 4-6 hours. Patients from the first group were also physically faster and easier recovered and they had less respiratory complications and there was not any example of thromboembolysm and the intestine motility was faster re-established. First group of patients spent less time in intensive care (three days than second group (six days. Final subjective effect of analgesia, according to verbal descriptive scale

  19. Efficiency of energy-rich therapy for cellular energy metabolic disturbances in children with mitral valve prolapse

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    M. T. Baedilova

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to determine impairments in cell energy metabolism (the levels of amino acids and carnitine in children with connective tissue dysplasia, such as mitral valve prolapse, and to evaluate the efficiency of energy-rich therapy.Subjects and methods. High-performance liquid chromatography- mass spectrometry was used to determine the levels of carnitines and amino acids in dried blood spots from 57 children with mitral valve prolapse (1–2 variants without regurgitation and in 38 children having Health Groups 1 and 2. The clinical efficiency of prolonged (12-month combined use of energy-rich medications (L-carnitine, coenzyme Q10 was evaluated.Results. As compared with the controls, the children with mitral valve prolapse showed a significant change, although not beyond the normal range, in the values of free and bound carnitine and amino acids (primarily methionine. There was a significant increase of these indicators in the blood during 12-month combined energy-rich therapy.Conclusion. The findings suggest that that there are moderate, but significant tissue metabolic changes in children with mitral valve prolapse. The found changes are a rationale for the use of energy-rich therapy in this category of children. Analysis of dried blood spots by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry is recommended for the early diagnosis of cellular energy metabolic disturbances in children with signs of connective tissue dysplasia, such as mitral valve prolapse.

  20. Prolapso vaginal e uterino em ovelhas Uterine and vaginal prolapse in ewes

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    Maíra Bianchi R. Alves

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho objetivou realizar um estudo retrospectivo sobre os prolapsos vaginal e uterino em ovelhas atendidas no Serviço de Clínica de Bovinos e Pequenos Ruminantes (CBPR da FMVZ/USP no período compreendido entre 2000 a 2010, no qual, foram atendidas 56 ovinos com problemas inerentes ao sistema reprodutivo, dessas, 25 apresentaram prolapso vaginal ou uterino (44,6%. O prolapso vaginal total foi o de maior frequência (72%. As ovelhas acometidas, em sua maioria, possuíam idade superior a quatro anos (64%, eram sem raça definida (44% ou da raça Ile de France (40%. As manifestações clínicas observadas durante a maioria dos atendimentos foram: taquipnéia, taquicardia, mucosas oculares avermelhadas indicando estado de toxemia, decúbito esternal ou lateral, apatia e anorexia. O tratamento instituído para todos os casos foi a limpeza, desinfecção e reintrodução do órgão prolapsado. A sutura de Bühner foi feita em 84% dos casos e a histeropexia em um caso (4%. A evolução foi satisfatória em 80% dos casos atendidos, nos demais casos (20% observou-se óbito da fêmea acometida. Do total de óbitos, os prolapsos vaginais foram responsáveis por 60% (3/5 e os prolapsos uterinos por 40% (2/5. A etiologia dos prolapsos não foi definida nos casos atendidos, sendo esses associados com o período pós-parto em sua maioria (56%, provavelmente associados com quadros de hipocalcemia, altas concentrações séricas de estrógeno e hipertonia uterina. Além disso, a predisposição genética não pode ser descartada.This study aimed to conduct a retrospective study on vaginal and uterine prolapse in sheep seen at the Clinic and Surgery on Cattle and Small Ruminants (CBPR at University of São Paulo, from 2000 to 2010. During this period, 56 sheep were treated with problems of the reproductive system. Of these, 25 ewes had vaginal or uterine prolapse (44.6%. The total vaginal prolapse was the most frequently (72%. The majority of

  1. Pelvic organ prolapse and connective tissue abnormalities in Korean women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Sang Wook; Choe, Byung Hoon; Kim, Jeong Yeon; Park, Ki Hyun

    2002-03-01

    To evaluate the relationship between pelvic organ prolapse in Korean women and joint hypermobility, which suggests a metabolic collagen fiber abnormality. Between March 1998 and March 2000, we investigated 55 patients with prolapse. The prevalence of joint hypermobility, by measuring finger extension angle, and the proportion of patients with joint hypermobility were measured in patients with pelvic organ prolapse and benign gynecologic patients (control group). In middle-aged women (40-59 years), the average finger extension angles were higher in the POP group than in the control group (50.04 +/- 9.70 degrees vs. 39.50 +/- 12.19 degrees, respectively; P .05). The prevalence of joint hypermobility was higher in the POP group and with advanced POP stage (III, IV) than in the control group and early POP stage (I, II). Our results suggest that intrinsic connective tissue abnormality is related to the development of pelvic organ prolapse. Further study involving more patients with pelvic organ prolapse is warranted, and molecular studies to determine the genetic basis of pelvic organ prolapse are also required to further elucidate this abnormality.

  2. The influence of peri-operative factors for accelerated discharge following laparoscopic colorectal surgery when combined with an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chand, Manish; De'Ath, Henry D; Rasheed, Shahnawaz; Mehta, Chaitanya; Bromilow, James; Qureshi, Tahseen

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is well established in the modern management of colorectal disease. More recently, enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols have been introduced to further promote accelerated discharge and faster recovery. However, not all patients are suitable for early discharge. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early outcomes of patients undergoing such a regime to determine which peri-operative factors may predict safe accelerated discharge. Data were prospectively collected on consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. All patients followed the institution's ERAS protocol and were discharged once specific criteria were fulfilled. Clinical characteristics and outcomes were compared between patients who were discharged before and after 72 h post-surgery. Thereafter, the peri-operative factors that were associated with delayed discharge were determined using a binary logistic model. Three hundred patients were included in the analysis. The most common operation was laparoscopic anterior resection (n = 123, 41%). Mean length of stay was 4.8 days (standard deviation 5.9), with 185 (62%) patients discharged within 72 h. Ten (3%) patients had a post-operative complication. Three independent predictors of delayed discharge were identified; BMI (OR 1.06, 95%CI 1.01-1.11), operation length (OR 0.99, 95%CI 0.98-0.99) and complications (OR 16.26, 95%CI 4.88-54.08). A combined approach of laparoscopic surgery and ERAS leads to reduced length of stay. This enables more than 60% of patients to be discharged within 72 h. Increased BMI, duration of operation and complications post-operatively independently predict a longer length of stay. Copyright © 2015 IJS Publishing Group Limited. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Morbidity of Uterine Prolapsed among the Women in the Chakrata Block of Dehradun District

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    Rajeev Prasad Bijalwan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP is a common health problem affecting nearby 40% of multi Para women above 35 years of age. The life-time risk for women to undergo surgery for the management of POP is about 11%.  30% of these (11% women will need additional surgery due to prolapse recurrence. The risk of POP increases with the number of vaginal births and is higher in older and obese women. POP has significant negative effects on a woman’s quality of life, ranging from physical discomfort, psychological and sexual complaints to occupational and social restrictions. Methods: This is a community based cross sectional descriptive study carried out for the 141 women, who experienced at least one time pregnancy. The study was conducted in two phases, in the first phase; a structured questionnaire was prepared and screening of cases done by the Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA at household level. In the second phase, outreach examination camps were conducted for the screened cases by a Gynecologist. The degree of severity of cases was decided using a Standard Score System. Results: The finding of the study revealed that the mean age of the respondents was 36.3 years. Majority of the respondents (41.5% were of age >36 years and only 1% were of the below 20 years. The majority of the respondents were from SC/ST community with 43% schedule caste and 38.7% schedule tribe. A good percentage of respondents were literate (58.8%, with 17% respondent having education level of primary and junior and 1.9% having above high school level. 37.7% of respondents were occupied with agriculture activities and 46.7 were housewife. The major source of income for more than half of the respondents was agriculture (56.6%. Two third of the respondents were living in joint families households (74.2 %.  Conclusions: The study revealed that the higher burden of uterus prolapse is found in those with poor economic background, those aged above 30 years and with

  4. Clinical analysis of diclofenac sodium eye drops combined with sodium hyaluronate eye drops for dry eye after ophthalmic surgery

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    Li-Ping Liu

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To study and analyze the clinical efficacy of diclofenac sodium eye drops combined with sodium hyaluronate eye drops in treating dry eyes after ophthalmic surgery. METHODS: Totally 94 eyes from 94 patients with dry eyes were slected, and they were randomly divided into orbervation group and control group. Fouty-seven patients in the control group using conventional treatment combined with sodium hyaluronate eye drops. Other 47 patients in orbervation group were treated with diclofenac sodium eye drops on the basis of control group. We compared symptoms, fluorescein station, tear film break time, Schirmer Ⅰ test between the two groups.RESULTS: Compared with before treatment, patients of both groups with sympotom, fluorescein station score, BUT, and Schirmer Ⅰ test were significantly improved(PPPCONCLUSION: Diclofenac sodium eye drops combined with sodium hyaluronate eye drops have significant efficacy in treatment of dry eyes after ophthalmic surgery, which can effectively relieve clinical symptoms, improve BUT and Schirmer Ⅰ test.

  5. Biochemical properties of collagen metabolism in patients with recurrent genital prolapse

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    Banakhevich R.М.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – to determine the features of collagen metabolism state in women with recurrent genital prolapse at the stage of scheduled surgery and in postoperative period using prolene implants. The level of hydroxyproline metabolites (HO in 130 patients with recurrent genital prolapse (study group who underwent prolene implant surgery to correct fascial defects and 30 patients without prolapse evidence (control group were examined. State of collagen metabolism was assessed by plasma levels of free (FОP, peptideassociated (PAO and protein associated oxyproline (PrAO using P.N. Sharaeva’s method. The survey was carried out before surgery and in 6, 12 months after surgery. Phenotypic diagnosis of connective tissue dysplasia was made in points. For mathematical treatment of the results obtained the software package STATISTICA ® for Windows, Release 8.0 company StatSoft ® Inc., USA was used (2010. In the main group in 13 (10,3±1,6% patients all parameters were above normal values, in 14 (10,8±3,8% patients with normal values of PrAO and FOP there was a reduction of PAO. Reduction of both factions of oxyproline was determined in 7 (5,3±1,6% patients. PrAO level in the study group was significantly higher than 11.24 (7,82-15,08 pmol/L, than in the control group – 9.54 (7,72-13,4 pmol/L (p<0,05. In 23 (17,7±3,1% patients of the main group PAO decrease was observed against the background of increased FOP values. The number of patients with high levels of PrAO in different subgroups was different. However, no significant correlation changes of PrAO with the severity of CTD were defined. A significant difference of FOP indices in core group as compared with the control group 4,29 (5,43-9,76 pmol/l and 9,03 (4,95-9,92 pmol/L, respectively (p<0,05 was found. High median FOP 11.26 (9,48-25,05 level pmol/l was determined in patients with posthysterectomy prolapse. A reliable link of high levels of PAO with the severity of the CTD (p<0,05 was noted

  6. Long-term results of non-valved Glaucoma drainage implant surgery and glaucoma drainage implant combined with trabeculectomy

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    Teruhiko Hamanaka

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose was to investigate the efficacy and complications of nonvalved glaucoma drainage implant (GDI surgery and GDI combined with trabeculectomy. Subjects and Methods: Serial Japanese patients who received GDI were retrospectively investigated. The survival rate of eyes was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method, defining death as: (1 Intraocular pressure (IOP <6 mmHg, or ≥22 mmHg, and <20% reduction of preoperative IOP, (2 additional glaucoma surgery, (3 loss of light perception. Prognostic factors of age, sex, previous surgery, type of glaucoma, synechial closure, preoperative IOP, type of GDI (single-, double-plate Molteno, Baerveldt 350 and GDI combined with trabeculectomy were investigated employing proportional hazards analysis. Results: One hundred and twenty-four eyes of 109 patients aged 53.3 ± 7.8 years old were analyzed. Types of GDI were single-plate (15.3%, double-plate Molteno (71.8%, and Baerveldt 350 (12.9%. The results of survival rate analysis were 86.1, 71.1, 71.1, and 64.6% for 1, 3, 5, and 10 years respectively. Thirty-four eyes (27.4% died because of uncontrolled IOP (19.4%, loss of light perception (5.6%, and additional glaucoma surgery (2.4%. Single-plate Molteno was the only risk factor for failure. Persistent unphysiological hypotony (0.8% and bullous keratopathy (5.6% were observed. Conclusion: Nonvalved GDI surgery and GDI combined with trabeculectomy using nonabsorbable tube ligature proved to be an excellent device for any type of glaucoma in Japanese patients. Hypotony and corneal endothelial loss are the most serious complication in the long-term results of our patients.

  7. Retrieval of prolapsed coils during endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dinc, Hasan [Karadeniz Technical University, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Trabzon (Turkey); KTU Farabi Hospital, Department of Radiology, Trabzon (Turkey); Kuzeyli, Kayhan [Karadeniz Technical University, Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Trabzon (Turkey); Kosucu, Polat; Sari, Ahmet [Karadeniz Technical University, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Trabzon (Turkey); Cekirge, Saruhan [Hacettepe University, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara (Turkey)

    2006-04-15

    One of the feared complications during detachable coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms is herniation of a coil loop into the parent artery. Although coil protrusion of one or two loops into the parent vessel may not cause adverse events and in some instances can be ignored, the authors believe that coil retrieval is indicated if a free end is seen pulsating along the blood flow stream to prevent migration of the entire coil mass. In one patient, a microballoon was inflated across the neck of the aneurysm during retrieval of a herniated coil to prevent further coil herniation from the aneurysm sac. We present two cases in which prolapsed coils were successfully retrieved either using a microsnare and balloon combination or a microsnare alone. This report focuses on the efficacy of the Amplatz microsnare for such retrievals and the circumstances in which a herniated coil needs to be retrieved. We report two cases in which embolization coils partially migrated into the parent artery during endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysm and were retrieved using the Amplatz Nitinol microsnare. (orig.)

  8. Osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis surgery: a combined ocular-oral procedure for ocular blindness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tay, A B G; Tan, D T H; Lye, K W; Theng, J; Parthasarathy, A; Por, Y-M

    2007-09-01

    The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the oral procedures used in osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis (OOKP) surgery, and the demographics and oral findings of candidate patients in Singapore. The OOKP procedure utilizes an autologous tooth-bone complex to mount a poly-methylmethacrylate optical cylinder, as an artificial cornea, stabilized by an overlying autologous buccal mucosal graft. Consecutive patients referred over 3 years for dental evaluation prior to OOKP surgery were included. A total of 21 patients underwent oral clinical and radiographic evaluation. The aetiology of blindness included Stevens-Johnson's syndrome (11 cases), chemical burns (9 cases) and multiple failed corneal grafts (1 case). Evaluation revealed that 12 patients were suitable for OOKP surgery, 8 were at risk of complication or failure and 1 had no usable teeth. Fourteen patients have undergone unilateral OOKP Stage 1 surgery successfully. Complications included fracture of a tooth from its lingual bone necessitating the harvesting of a second tooth (1 case), oronasal perforation (1 case), exposure of adjacent roots (5 teeth), lower lip paresthesia (2 cases) and submucosal scar band formation in the buccal mucosal graft donor site (10 cases). Thirteen patients have completed Stage 2 surgery, with attainment of their best possible visual potential following OOKP surgery.

  9. Most important etiologic factors in the development of genital prolapse

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    Mladenović-Segedi Ljiljana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The incidence of genital prolapse depends on numerous factors. The contribution of race, gender and genetic factors is significant. However, additional factors of initiation, promotion and decomposition are necessary if a person with the genetic predisposition to genital prolapse begins to suffer from it. At least 50% of parous women are believed to suffer from genital prolapse of various degrees. Moreover, the prevalence of genital prolapse increases with age. The prevalence of genital prolapse is expected to be even higher in the future due to the extension of the lifespan of women worldwide. Objective The aim of this study was to determine the most common etiologic factors in the development of genital prolapse in the population of Serbia. Methods The study was conducted as prospective and included 50 women who underwent surgical treatment due to the problems caused by genital prolapse. Results Mean age of the women was 58.74 years. Twenty percent of the women had the menstrual cycle, while 80% were in menopause. Mean menopause period was 8.88 years. None of the women used hormone replacement therapy. Mean BMI was 27.395 kg/m2. Twenty-eight percent of the women were of normal weight, while 72% of the women were obese (42% were obese and 30% were severely obese. Ninety-eight percent of the women were parous, and mean parity was 2.08. Mean birth weight of neonates was 3682.77 g. Sixty-four percent of the women did physical labour and lifted heavy objects. Conclusion Vaginal childbirth is one of the most important initiating factors. The most significant promoting factor is obesity and heavy labour. Ageing and entering menopause are the most important factors of decomposition as well as the occurrence of clinical manifestations of the pelvic floor dysfunction. .

  10. A Review of Comparison of Complications of Vaginal Hysterectomy with and without Concomitant Surgery for SUI: A 5 Years’ Experience at a Tertiary Care Hospital of Pakistan

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    Raheela Mohsin Rizvi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The study was performed to review the complications of surgery for POP with or without surgery for SUI. This included the need for second procedure two years after the primary surgery. Study Design. We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional comparative study at the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan. International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM was used to identify women who underwent vaginal hysterectomy with anterior/posterior repair alone and those with concomitant tension-free vaginal tape surgery for urodynamic stress incontinence. Results. The 28 cases of VH/repair combined with TVT were compared for complications with 430 cases of VH with repair alone. The basic characteristics like age, BMI, and degree of prolapse showed no statistical difference among two groups. The main comorbidities in both groups were hypertension, diabetes, and bronchial asthma. We observed no significant differences in intraoperative and postoperative complications except for cuff abscess, need for medical intervention, and readmission following discharge from hospital, which were higher in cases with vaginal hysterectomy with concomitant TVT. Conclusions. Vaginal hysterectomy is an efficient treatment for uterovaginal prolapse with a swift recovery, short length of hospital stay, and rare serious complications. The addition of surgery for USI does not appear to increase the morbidity.

  11. Analysis of Risk Factors for Post-Hysterectomy Vaginal Vault Prolapse

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    Mahmut Kuntay kuntay Kokanali

    2015-03-01

    Conclusions: Vault prolapse after hysterectomy is a relatively rare complication. Elderly age, obesity, chronic obstructive lung diseases, prior genital prolapse sugery, vaginal hysterectomy, genital prolapse as indication of hysterectomy and the number of vaginal delivery and #8805;2 increase vault prolapse risk. Identification of these risk factors is important to prevent this complication. [Cukurova Med J 2015; 40(1.000: 63-71

  12. [Electroacupuncture intervention combined with general anesthesia for 80 cases of heart valve replacement surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Hao; Zhou, Wen-Xiong; Wu, Yao-Yao; Chen, Tong-Yu; Ge, Wen; Yuan, Lan; Shen, Wei-Dong; Zhou, Jia

    2014-02-01

    To determine whether electroacupuncture (EA) intervention combined with general anesthesia (GA) strategy can reduce early post-operative morbidity and medical costs in patients undergoing heart valve replacement operation under cardiopulmonary bypass. A total of 160 heart valve replacement surgery patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass were randomly divided into GA and EA + GA groups (n = 80 in each group). Patients of the GA group were given with intravenous injection of Fentanyl, Midazolam, Vecuronium Bromide, etc. and routine tracheal intubation. EA (3-4 Hz, 2.0-2.2 mA) was applied to bilateral Zhongfu (LU 1), Chize (LU 5) and Ximen (PC 4) beginning about 20 mm before the surgery in the EA + GA group. Endotracheal intubation was not employed but only prepared as a standby for patients of the EA + GA group. The dosage of narcotic drugs, duration of surgery, duration of aertic blockage, rate of cardiac re-beating, volumes of post-operative blood transfusion, discharge volume, cases of post-operative pulmonary infection, vocal cord injury, and the time of first bed-off, first eating and duration in intensive care unit (IOU) residence. etc. were recorded. The successful rates of heart valve replacement surgery were similar in both GA and EA + GA groups. Compared with the GA group, the dosages of Fentanyl, Midazolam and Vecuronium of the EA + GA group were significantly lower (P heart valve replacement surgery without endotracheal intubation is safe and can reduce post-operative morbidity and medical costs in patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass.

  13. Sleep quality in women seeking care for pelvic organ prolapse

    Science.gov (United States)

    GHETTI, Chiara; LEE, MinJae; OLIPHANT, Sallie; OKUN, Michele; LOWDER, Jerry L.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To identify the prevalence of sleep disturbance in women seeking treatment for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and identify correlates of poor sleep quality in this population by using a validated sleep scale. Study Design This is a cohort study of female patients with pelvic organ prolapse. Main Outcome Measures Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Pelvic Floor Disorders Inventory (PFDI), and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ) measures were completed. Demographic data, medical comorbidities, medications, and physical examinations were also recorded. Results 407 women were enrolled. Analysis was performed on the 250 subjects who completed all PSQI components. Subjects were predominantly white, with a mean age of 61±11 years and mean BMI of 28±5kg/m2. The majority (71%) had Stage III prolapse. Half (N=127) had poor sleep quality (PSQI >5). Women with poor sleep quality were younger, had more medical comorbidities, more pelvic floor symptoms, more nocturia, more depressive symptoms, and took more time to fall asleep. Factors associated with sleep quality were evaluated using multivariable linear regression models. Worse sleep scores were associated with each of the PFDI subscores (urinary, prolapse, bowel), depressive symptoms, severe nocturia symptoms, and number of comorbidities. Conclusions Poor sleep is prevalent in women with prolapse. Pelvic floor symptoms as measured by PFDI sub-scales, were associated with poor sleep quality. Future studies are needed to better understand how sleep disturbances may contribute to the impact of pelvic floor symptoms on quality of life. PMID:25465518

  14. [Extrathoracic prolapse of the pulmonary parenchyma after a bout of coughing with spontaneous serial rib fractures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rob, P M; Link, J; Dalhoff, K

    1993-05-14

    A 54-year-old man with an feverish infection of the lower respiratory tract developed severe pain in the lateral and basal part of the left thorax after a severe coughing bout. A haematoma occurred at the site and it looked as though tissue evaginated at that spot on coughing and pressing. The clinical diagnosis was pneumonia and abnormal mobility of the eighth to tenth rib on the left with crepitations. The chest radiograph demonstrated fractures of these ribs and extrathoracic sickle-shaped collection of air in the left laterobasal area. Computed tomography additionally showed prolapse of pulmonary tissue on pressing. This was thus a case of "cough fracture", complicated by herniation of lung tissue. There was no evidence of incarceration of lung tissue and, as the patient was very obese, surgery was not indicated. Symptoms and signs of infection regressed on symptomatic and antibiotic treatment. The rib fractures healed as pseudoarthroses. Lung tissue prolapse on pressing was still present 3 months later.

  15. Re: The Effect of Pelvic Organ Prolapse Repair on Vaginal Sensation

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    Lowenstein L

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The association between the pelvic organ prolapse (POP and sensory functioning of the genital region has not been studied well. It is not also obvious whether the changes occurring at the same time are the cause or the result. In this study, the authors investigated the quantitative sensory changes one day before and 6 months after the surgical repair of POP by robotic sacrocolpopexy. They also used the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory-6 which quantifies the bother and distress caused by the pelvic symptoms. By this method, the initial perception of a sensation of temperature (hot or cold and vibration was measured. After six months, sensitivity to thermal stimuli was found to be significantly improved, but there was no significant change in the vaginal and clitoral vibratory sensory thresholds. The value of reduced sensation in the genitals is not a well-known issue. We know that the thermal and vibratory sensations are diminished in female sexual dysfunction and they can be important in orgasmic function also. It is a well-designed study although it has some limitations. The anatomic correction in POP surgery could improve the genital sensation. Prevention or, at least, early correction of POP can provide serious advantages not only for urinary system but also for the genital functions of women.

  16. [Are there selection criteria between abdominal approach and vaginal route for genital prolapse surgical management?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cour, F; Vidart, A

    2016-07-01

    The never ending debate over the surgical approach of genital prolapse repair (abdominal versus vaginal route) is as passionate as ever. The available literature may support a multidisciplinary analysis of our expert daily practice. Our purpose was to define selection criteria for surgical approach between abdominal and vaginal route in the management of genital prolapse by reviewing the literature. Systematically review of the literature concerning comparative anatomical and functionnal results of surgery of pelvic organ prolaps by vaginal or abdominal route. We were confronted to the lack of data in the literature, with few prospective randomized comparative studies. Many limitations were identified such as small populations in the studies, no description of sub-population, multiplicity of surgical procedures. Moreover, vaginal route was compared to sacral colpopexy by open abdominal approach, whereas laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy is now recommended. Only one prospective randomized comparative trial assessed laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy and vaginal approach, in which was used a mesh withdrawn from the market. The lack of available randomized trials makes it impossible to define HAS compliant guidelines on this topic. However, selection criteria for each surgical approach and technique were drawn from experts' advices. © 2016 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés.

  17. Urethral pressure reflectometry in women with pelvic organ prolapse: a study of reproducibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khayyami, Yasmine; Lose, Gunnar; Klarskov, Niels

    2017-05-01

    The mechanism of continence in women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) before and after surgery remains unknown. Urethral pressure reflectometry (UPR) separates women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) from continent women by measuring urethral opening pressure at an abdominal pressure of 50 cmH2O (P O-Abd 50). UPR can help identify women with POP at risk of postoperative de novo SUI. The aim of this study was to investigate the reproducibility of UPR in women with POP. Women with anterior or posterior vaginal wall prolapse were recruited for this prospective, observational study from our outpatient clinic. The women were examined with UPR on two occasions. Measurements were done at rest, and during squeezing and straining. Statistical analyses were performed using SAS 9.4. A Bland-Altman analysis with limits of agreement and coefficients of variation was used to determine the level of agreement between measurements. Paired t tests were used to estimate the difference; a two-tailed P value of pressures at rest or during squeezing or in the values of P O-Abd 50. P O-Abd 50 showed limits of agreement of 15.3 cmH2O and a coefficient of variation of 9.9 %. UPR was found to be a highly reproducible method in women with POP. UPR may be used in future studies to help reveal urodynamic features predictive of postoperative de novo SUI in women with POP.

  18. Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy in an elderly population with external rectal prolapse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerke, Trine; Mynster, Tommie

    2014-01-01

    mobilisation was used. The patients were evaluated preoperatively, 2 months postoperatively and after 1 year. We registered Wexner incontinence scores and laxative uses by a questionnaire and performed simple anal manometry. RESULTS: A total of 46 patients underwent operation, all women. The median age was 83...... years (range 34-99), median prolapse size was 8 cm (range 2-15), and 30 % had previous prolapse surgery. The median operative time was 135 min (range 90-215), and the median length of stay was 2 days (range 1-14). The 30-day morbidity rate was 15 %, and there were two (4 %) deaths within 30 days....... There was a significant reduction in incontinence scores after 2 months and 1 year. The anal resting pressures improved from 10 cm H(2)O slightly to 16 cm H(2)O after 2 months, significantly, and still significant after 1 year at 13 cm H(2)O. There were no changes in the use of laxatives. The median follow-up time was 1...

  19. Electrocardiographic Changes in Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome

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    Mohamad Mehdi Peighambari

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Background- Mitral valve prolapse syndrome (MVP is most common valvular abnormality in young and is correlated with increased frequency of cardiac dysrhythmias and sudden death. The aim of this study was to compare frequency of "early repolarization" in electrocardiogram (ECG between MVP patients and healthy adults. Methods- In this cross-sectional study, we compared ECG presentations of early repolarization including notch in descending arm of QRS and J-point and/or ST segment changes in 100 patients with MVP with 100 healthy individuals. MVP patients were referred to cardiology clinic with symptoms of palpitation, chest pain or anxiety. Results-The mean age in patients with MVP was significantly less than healthy subjects (29.5 ± 9.3 years versus 31.0 ± 6.9 years in control group, p=0.1967. We detected an early repolarization as a prevalent sign in ECG of patients, which was a notch in descending arm of QRS and/or ST segment or J-point elevation seen in 74% of patients ( 51% in inferior leads and 23% in I and aVL leads , whilst the same findings was seen in 8 men (8% in control group (p=0.0001. Conclusion- Early repolarization in ECG presented as a notch in descending arm of QRS and/or ST segment or J-point elevation is more frequent in in young patients with MVP syndrome.

  20. Results in Combined Cataract Surgery With Prosthetic Iris Implantation in Patients With Previous Iridocyclectomy for Iris Melanoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Michael E; Osher, Robert H; Wladecki, Trisha M; Perez, Mauricio A; Augsburger, James J; Corrêa, Zélia

    2017-03-01

    To present visual and functional results following implantation of iris prosthesis combined with cataract surgery in eyes with previous iridocyclectomy for iris melanoma or presumed iris melanoma. Retrospective noncomparative case series. Sixteen patients (16 eyes) with iris defects after iridocyclectomy for iris melanoma in 15 cases and iris adenoma in 1 case underwent prosthetic iris device implantation surgery. Prosthetic iris implantation was combined with phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. The visual acuity, subjective glare and photophobia reduction, anatomic outcome, and complications were reviewed. Best-corrected visual acuity was improved in 13 eyes (81.25%), remained stable in 2 eyes (12.25%), and decreased in 1 eye (6.25%). Photophobia and glare improved in every case except for 1 (93.75%). Notably, after surgery 12 patients (75.00%) reported no photophobia and 10 patients (62.50%) reported no glare. The median postoperative follow-up was 29.5 months, with a minimum of 5 months and a maximum of 189 months. All iris devices were in the correct position, and all eyes achieved the desired anatomic result. The IOL optic edges were covered in all areas by either residual iris or opaque portions of a prosthetic iris device. In patients who have undergone previous iridocyclectomy for presumed iris melanoma, combined cataract surgery and iris prosthesis placement, with or without iris reconstruction, can lead to visual improvement as well as reduction of both glare and photophobia. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Combined corneal allotransplantation and vitreoretinal surgery using an Eckardt temporary keratoprosthesis: analysis for factors determining corneal allograft survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Dae Seung; Heo, Jang Won; Choi, Hyuk Jin; Kim, Mee Kum; Wee, Won Ryang; Oh, Joo Youn

    2014-01-01

    To evaluate the outcome of corneal allotransplantation in combined penetrating keratoplasty and vitreoretinal surgery using a temporary keratoprosthesis, and to determine the factors affecting corneal allograft survival. We reviewed the medical charts of eleven patients who had undergone combined corneal allotransplantation and pars plana vitrectomy using an Eckardt temporary keratoprosthesis, for the treatment of corneal opacification and vitreoretinal disease. The survival rates of the corneal grafts were assessed, and patient demographics, the diagnosis of corneal and retinal disease, the preoperative ocular characteristics, and surgical methods were compared between the group with graft survival and that with graft failure. The causes of corneal opacification were corneal laceration (four eyes), infectious keratitis (four eyes), atopic keratitis (one eye), rejected corneal graft (one eye), and uveitis-related bullous keratopathy (one eye). The preoperative diagnoses included endophthalmitis (six eyes), posterior uveitis (one eye), vitreous opacity or hemorrhage (two eyes), and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (two eyes). The survival rate of the corneal allografts was 27.3% (3/11 eyes). The mean survival time was 391 days during the mean follow-up period of 687 days. The retinal surgery was successful in 81.8% (9/11 eyes) of cases. The presence of active inflammation in the cornea at the time of surgery was significantly correlated with graft rejection (P=0.004). Other factors, including age, the presence of glaucoma, type of corneal and retinal disease, or type of retinal surgery, such as silicone oil injection and gas tamponade, had no significant correlation with graft rejection. Combined corneal allotransplantation and pars plana vitrectomy using a temporary keratoprosthesis allowed for successful surgical intervention in vitreoretinal disease. However, only 27.3% of corneal allografts survived, depending on the presence of active inflammation in the

  2. Case report: Curetting osteoid osteoma of the spine using combined video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and navigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, Wuilker Knoner; Gasbarrini, Alessandro; Boriani, Stefano

    2013-02-01

    A spinal osteoid osteoma is a rare benign tumor. The usual treatment involves complete curettage including the nidus. In the thoracic spine, conventional open surgical treatment usually carries relatively high surgical risks because of the close anatomic relationship to the spinal cord, nerve roots, and thoracic vessels, and pulmonary complications and postoperative pain. We report the case of a 16-year-old girl with a symptomatic osteoid osteoma at the T9 level whose lesion was currettaged using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) guided by a navigation system (VATS-NAV). There were no complications and the patient had immediate relief of the characteristic pain after surgery and was asymptomatic at 5 months' followup. Progressive advances in the technology of spinal surgery have evolved to offer greater safety and less morbidity for patients. The advent of minimally invasive surgery has expanded the indications for VATS for anterior spinal disorders. Spinal navigation systems have become useful tools allowing localization and excision of the nidus of osteoid osteomas with minimal bone resection and without radiation exposure. The VATS-NAV combination in our patient allowed accurate localization and guidance for complete excision of a spinal osteoid osteoma through a minimally invasive approach without compromising spinal stability.

  3. The Impact of Sacrospinous Hysteropexy and Vaginal Hysterectomy With Suspension of the Uterosacral Ligaments on Sexual Function in Women With Uterine Prolapse: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Comparative Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Detollenaere, R.J.; Kreuwel, I.A.M.; Dijkstra, J.R.; Kluivers, K.B.; Eijndhoven, H.W.F. van

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Studies on pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery show conflicting evidence regarding the impact of uterus preservation and hysterectomy on sexual function and no large randomized trials with long-term follow-up have been published on this topic. AIMS: The aim of this secondary analysis

  4. The Impact of Sacrospinous Hysteropexy and Vaginal Hysterectomy With Suspension of the Uterosacral Ligaments on Sexual Function in Women With Uterine Prolapse : A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Comparative Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Detollenaere, Renee J.; Kreuwel, Ilse A. M.; Dijkstra, Jeroen R.; Kluivers, Kirsten B.; van Eijndhoven, Hugo W. F.

    Introduction: Studies on pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery show conflicting evidence regarding the impact of uterus preservation and hysterectomy on sexual function and no large randomized trials with long-term follow-up have been published on this topic. Aims: The aim of this secondary analysis

  5. Combining Clinical Information and Patient Reported Outcome Measures in Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kampen, D.A. van

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis we investigated the use of clinical information and Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) for patient evaluation in orthopaedic surgery and sports medicine. In the first part, we showed that the Dutch version of the Simple Shoulder Test (SST) is a valid and reliable

  6. Combined Bimaxillary Distraction Osteogenesis Associated with Orthognathic Surgery for Hemifacial Microsomia in Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hanghang; Zhang, Xiaohui; Liu, Li; Chen, Qianming; Shao, Jun; Luo, En

    2017-06-01

    Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is one of the most common congenital craniofacial asymmetries. Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is always recommended as an effective option for the treatment of HFM, but some studies showed that the asymmetry remained after DO. In comparison with DO, stable clinical outcomes could be achieved by orthognathic surgery approach as well. However, soft tissue expansion cannot be performed. In this study, we aim to assess the radiographic and clinical results of bimaxillary DO associated with staged orthognathic surgery in the treatment of craniofacial asymmetry for adult HFM patients. Twelve HFM patients who had been treated with bimaxillary DO and secondary orthognathic surgery between 2006 and 2013 were included in this study. Bimaxillary DO and staged orthognathic surgery were performed according to the particular condition. Clinical and cephalometric photographs were carried out pre- and postoperatively to evaluate the outcomes. No significant complications occurred postoperatively. Excellent cosmetic outcomes such as notable improvement in facial pattern and occlusion were achieved. Cephalometrically, the height ratios of the affected/unaffected ramus were improved by 23.81% on average, and the photographic analysis demonstrated a rotation of the chin point toward the mid-line. Moreover, the occlusal cant was corrected from the slant to level by 8.95° on average. The application of bimaxillary DO associated with staged orthognathic surgery in correcting the asymmetry of adult patients with HFM could have satisfactory aesthetic results, and it should be considered an alternative option for these patients. This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

  7. Anatomical and functional outcomes of posterior intravaginal slingplasty for the treatment of vaginal vault or uterine prolapse: a prospective, multicenter study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Young-Suk; Han, Deok Hyun; Lee, Ji Youl; Kim, Joon Chul; Choo, Myung-Soo; Lee, Kyu-Sung

    2010-03-01

    We aimed to evaluate the anatomical and functional outcomes of posterior intravaginal slingplasty (P-IVS) for the treatment of a vaginal vault or uterine prolapse (VP/UP). This was a 12-month prospective, multicenter, observational study. Women aged over 30 years who presented with stage II or greater VP/UP underwent P-IVS by four urologists at four university hospitals. Preoperatively, pelvic examination by use of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) system, the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI) questionnaire, the 3-day frequency volume chart, and uroflowmetry were completed. At the 12-month follow-up, changes in the POP-Q, PFDI, frequency volume chart, and uroflowmetry parameters were assessed. Cure was defined as VP/UP stage 0 and improvement as stage I. The cure and improvement rates among the 32 women were 65.6% and 34.4%, respectively. All subscale scores of the Urinary Distress Inventory, the general subscale score of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory, and the rectal prolapse subscale score of the Colo-Rectal-Anal Distress Inventory were significantly improved. There were no significant changes in the frequency volume chart or uroflowmetry parameters. There was one case of surgery-related transfusion. Trans-vaginal repair by P-IVS is an effective and safe procedure for restoring the anatomical defect and improving the associated pelvic floor symptoms in women with VP/UP.

  8. Suture anchor placement technique around the insertion of the ventral rectus muscle for the replacement of the prolapsed gland of the third eyelid in dogs: 100 dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapienza, John S; Mayordomo, Aloma; Beyer, Anne M

    2014-03-01

    To evaluate a rapid and efficacious procedure to anchor the prolapsed gland of the third eyelid in dogs. This is a retrospective study of 100 affected dogs (122 eyes) with third eyelid gland prolapse that were surgically anchored with a nonabsorbable suture around the insertion of the ventral rectus muscle. Hundred dogs (122 eyes) were included in this study. Twenty-three pure-bred and several mixed-breed dogs were represented with the right eye affected in 60 cases and the left eye in 62 cases. Thirty-four eyes (27.9%) were previously operated on at another facility prior to referral. The average age of the patients was 2.2 years (57 days to 11 years). No recurrences of gland prolapse were observed over the course of study. Minor intraoperative conjunctival perforations were observed and easily repaired at the time of the surgery in 21 cases (17.2%). Five cases demonstrated preexistent keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), and all had improved Schirmer tear test following surgical correction and medical therapy. The suture anchor placement technique provides a cosmetic, rapid, and successful replacement of the prolapsed gland of the third eyelid in dogs. No recurrences were noted. Complications were easily addressed. © 2013 American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists.

  9. Hysteropexy in the treatment of uterine prolapse stage 2 or higher: a multicenter randomized controlled non-inferiority trial comparing laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy with vaginal sacrospinous hysteropexy (LAVA-trial, study protocol).

    Science.gov (United States)

    van IJsselmuiden, Mèlanie N; Coolen, Anne-Lotte W M; Detollenaere, Renée J; den Boon, Jan; Bongers, Marlies; van de Pol, Geerte; Vollebregt, Astrid; Radder, Celine M; Deprest, Jan; van Eijndhoven, Hugo W F

    2014-09-17

    Pelvic organ prolapse is a common health problem: the lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for pelvic organ prolapse by the age of 85 years is 19%. Pelvic organ prolapse has significant negative effects on a woman's quality of life. Worldwide, vaginal hysterectomy is the leading treatment method for patients with symptomatic uterovaginal prolapse. Several studies have shown that vaginal sacrospinous hysteropexy and laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy are safe and effective alternatives in treating uterine descent. To date, it is unclear which of these techniques leads to the best operative result and the highest patient satisfaction. Therefore, we conducted the LAVA trial. The LAVA trial is a randomized controlled multicenter non-inferiority trial. The study compares laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy with vaginal sacrospinous hysteropexy in women with uterine prolapse stage 2 or higher. The primary outcome of this study is surgical success of the apical compartment at 1 and 5 years follow-up. Secondary outcomes are subjective improvement on urogenital symptoms and quality of life (assessed by disease-specific and general quality of life questionnaires), complications following surgery, hospital stay, post-operative recovery, sexual functioning and costs-effectiveness. Evaluation will take place pre-operatively, and 6 weeks, 6 months, 12 months and annually till 60 months after surgery. Validated questionnaires will be used.Analysis will be performed according to the intention to treat principle. Based on comparable recurrence rates of 3% and a non-inferiority margin of 10%, 62 patients are needed in each arm to prove the hypothesis with a 95% confidence interval. The LAVA trial is a randomized controlled multicenter non-inferiority trial that will provide evidence whether the efficacy of laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy is non-inferior to vaginal sacrospinous hysteropexy in women with symptomatic uterine prolapse stage 2 or higher. Netherlands Trial Register (NTR): NTR4029.

  10. [Evaluation of endometriosis fertility index in follow-up treatment of endometriosis combined with infertility patients after laparoscopic surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, R Y; Wu, X; Sheng, J; Zheng, P; Zhou, Q; Duan, A H; Zhang, J P; Zhang, Y L; Lu, D

    2017-04-25

    Objective: To explore the application of endometriosis fertility index (EFI) in guidance after laparoscopic surgery of endometriosis patients combined with infertility and to explore methods to improve pregnancy rate in different EFI groups. Methods: A prospective research was done in endometriosis patients combined with infertility in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from January 2010 to June 2011, after laparoscopic surgery, these 146 patients were divided into 3 groups by EFI score. Using different pregnancy guidance, these patients had 5 years follow-up. Results: (1) The 5 years overall pregnancy rate was 89.0% (130/146). The pregnancy rate was 95.7% (45/47) in EFI≥9 group, 92.8% (77/83) in EFI 5-8 group and 8/16 in EFI≤4 group, three groups were all reach satisfactory pregnancy rate; the rate of the first two groups had no statistically significance (P=0.498), but had significant difference with the last group (Pinfertility after laparoscopic surgery. EFI score guidance, strict post-operation management and positive pregnancy scheme could significantly improve the pregnancy rate of endometriosis patients with infertility.

  11. I-gel Laryngeal Mask Airway Combined with Tracheal Intubation Attenuate Systemic Stress Response in Patients Undergoing Posterior Fossa Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaoliang Tang

    2015-01-01

    patients. In this study, we proposed that I-gel combined with tracheal intubation could reduce the stress response of posterior fossa surgery patients. Methods. Sixty-six posterior fossa surgery patients were randomly allocated to receive either tracheal tube intubation (Group TT or I-gel facilitated endotracheal tube intubation (Group TI. Hemodynamic and respiratory variables, stress and inflammatory response, oxidative stress, anesthesia recovery parameters, and adverse events during emergence were compared. Results. Mean arterial pressure and heart rate were lower in Group TI during intubation and extubation (P<0.05 versus Group TT. Respiratory variables including peak airway pressure and end-tidal carbon dioxide tension were similar intraoperative, while plasma β-endorphin, cortisol, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, malondialdehyde concentrations, and blood glucose were significantly lower in Group TI during emergence relative to Group TT. Postoperative bucking and serious hypertensions were seen in Group TT but not in Group TI. Conclusion. Utilization of I-gel combined with endotracheal tube in posterior fossa surgery patients is safe which can yield more stable hemodynamic profile during intubation and emergence and lower inflammatory and oxidative response, leading to uneventful recovery.

  12. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with limb salvage surgery in patients with limb osteosarcoma of Enneking stage II: a retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan G

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Guangke Yuan,1,2 Jingming Chen,2 Dongjin Wu,1 Chunzheng Gao1 1Department of Orthopedics, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, 2Department of Orthopedics, Yidu Central Hospital of Weifang, Weifang, Shandong, People’s Republic of China Objective: To explore the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with limb salvage surgery in patients with limb osteosarcoma of Enneking stage II. Patients and methods: Medical records of 98 patients who met the inclusion criteria were retrospectively analyzed. Of these patients, 56 cases who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with limb salvage surgery were listed as group A, while another 42 patients who received limb salvage surgery combined with adjuvant chemotherapy were listed as group B. The recurrence and metastasis rate, survival rate, limb function and incidence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results: All 98 patients completed the treatment in this study. Baseline characteristics showed no significant differences between group A and group B, including age, gender, tumor location, maximum tumor diameter and Enneking stage (all P>0.05. The total metastasis and recurrence rate of group A was significantly lower than that of group B (25.0% vs 47.6%, χ2=5.419, P=0.020. The Kaplan–Meier method showed that progression-free survival (PFS (log-rank χ2=4.014, P=0.045 and overall survival (OS (log-rank χ2=3.859, P=0.049 of group A were both significantly higher than those of group B. There was no significant difference in the incidence of grades III–IV adverse reactions between the two groups (all P>0.05. The excellent and good rate of limb function in group A was significantly higher than that in group B (83.9% vs 66.7%, χ2=3.982, P=0.046. Conclusion: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with limb salvage surgery for patients with Enneking stage IIA or IIB limb osteosarcoma patients has better efficacy and can significantly improve limb function of

  13. A comparative study of combined small-incision cataract surgery with sutureless trabeculectomy versus trabeculectomy using W-shaped incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khurana, A K; Chawla, U; Passi, N; Jyoti; Archana; Yogesh

    2011-01-01

    Manual small-incision cataract surgery with trabeculectomy is now an acceptable option in the surgical management of combined cataract and glaucoma uncontrolled with maximum tolerated medical therapy. To compare the results and complications of combined manual small-incision cataract surgery (SICS) and posterior chamber intraocular lens (PCIOL) implantation with trabeculectomy by sutureless versus W-shaped incision technique. The study included 30 eyes of 28 patients with senile cataract and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) who were randomly divided into two groups. The patients in Group A (n = 15) underwent SICS with sutureless trabeculectomy and those in Group B (n =15) underwent SICS with trabeculectomy using W-shaped incision with one suture. Post-operative evaluation was done at the first post-operative day and thereafter on follow-ups at 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 8 weeks. The mean preoperative and postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) in Group A was 27.33 ± 3.35 mmHg and 16.13 ± 4.30 mmHg respectively and in Group B it was 29.46 ± 6.06 mmHg and 14.66 ± 2.69 mmHg respectively. The mean reduction in IOP after 8 weeks of follow-up in Group A was 12.52 ± 3.59 mmHg and that in Group B was 16.47 ± 3.79 mmHg (p less than 0.001). Besides this, the uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) was better in Group B postoperatively with less surgically-induced against-the-rule (ATR) astigmatism. Combined SICS with trabeculectomy using W-shaped incision offers better prospective in terms of glaucoma control and visual performance than sutureless combined surgery. © NEPjOPH.

  14. Prolapsed cervical disc with diffuse contrast enhancement on CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goto, Jun; Shinpo, Tomoyuki; Inoue, Kiyoharu; Shigeno, Taku; Ochiai, Chikayuki

    1985-04-01

    A 48-year-old woman with the C5/6 disc herniation was reported. She had noticed vague pains in the left shoulder a half year earlier. Neurological examination showed left lower cervical radicular pains and incomplete Brown-Sequard syndrome of the same side. The disc herniation was diagnosed by myelography and discography. On the CT examination, surprisingly, the prolapsed disc was homogenously enhanced after the administration of intravenous contrast medium. The vertebral angiography showed increased vascularity behind the C5/6 intervertebral space. At operation, a prolapsed nucleus pulposus with proliferated connective tissue was found and curetted. The etiology of contrast enhancement was discussed.

  15. [Traumatic cervical disc prolapse with severe neurological impact].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knudsen, Roland; Gundtoft, Per

    2014-12-15

    A 51-year-old male drove into a ditch on his scooter. Immediately after the trauma the patient complained of neck pain and decreased ability to feel and move his extremities. An initial trauma computed tomography (CT) of the columna showed normal conditions. Because the patient had neurological deficiencies, magnetic resonance imaging of the columna was performed 12 days later, and a disc prolapse at the C3/C4 level with spinal cord compression was visible. Despite decompression the patient did not recover. Traumatic cervical disc prolapse is a rare and positionally dangerous condition, which can be present despite a CT showing normal conditions.

  16. A comparative study of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in supine position and endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery with flexible instrument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuño de la Rosa, I; Palmero, J L; Miralles, J; Pastor, J C; Benedicto, A

    2014-01-01

    To compare the results obtained in percutaneous nephrolithotomy after introduction of flexible ureteroscopy/nephroscopy (endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery - ECIRS) with nephrolitomies with only rigid nephroscopy (standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy; sPCNL). A retrospective study of 171 sPCNL in Galdakao position performed between January 2005 and December 2011 was conducted. We compared the results obtained in those procedures in which endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (ECIRS) was performed with those in which only the rigid nephroscopy (sPCNL) was used. Specific and global success, percentage of lithiasic load eliminated, days of hospital stay and complications derived were calculated. We defined success by complete absence of lithiasis or residual presence of<5mm. We differentiated specific success, that only achieved with percutaneous surgery, from global success, or that achieved after a second line of treatment. In 73 procedures (42.4%) ECIRS was performed with flexible endoscopy while in 98 (57.6%) it was done with sPCNL. Both groups were comparable in regards to demographic parameters and characteristics of the lithiasis. The success rates in the first procedure and global success were superior for the ECIRS group (75.3% vs 40.8% and 93.1% vs 74.5%), the differences being statistically significant (P<.05). No statistically significant differences were found in regards to the complications (28.8% vs 28.3% P=.86) or days of hospital stay (4.5 vs 5.0 P=.18). Use of the flexible ureteroscopy/nephroscopy in sPCNL (ECIRS) improves the success rates and elimination of lithiasic load, making it possible to perform the surgery with a single access in most of the cases. Copyright © 2013 AEU. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  17. Etiological analysis of rectal prolapse —— a congenital disease of abnormal pelvic floor anatomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo-feng LI

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Etiology of rectal prolapse is unclear. “Theory of sliding hernia” and “theory of intussusception” can not entirely interpret the etiology of rectal prolapse. Our views: the basic reason of rectal prolapse is congenital anomaly of anterior wall muscle of rectum, we named “trigger point”. Abdominal pressure can stimulate to shrink of “trigger point” and result in rectal prolapse.Operation confirmed that suture and fixation of “trigger point” tissue would be cured for rectal prolapse.

  18. Vascular map combined with CT colonography for evaluating candidates for laparoscopic colorectal surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flor, Nicola; Ceretti, Andrea Pisani; Maroni, Nirvana; Opocher, Enrico; Cornalba, Gianpaolo [Azienda Ospedaliera San Paolo, Milan (Italy); Campari, Alessandro; Ravelli, Anna; Lombardi, Maria Antonietta [University degli Studi di Milano, Milan (Italy)

    2015-08-15

    Contrast-enhanced computed tomography colonography (CE-CTC) is a useful guide for the laparoscopic surgeon to avoid incorrectly removing the colonic segment and the failure to diagnose of synchronous colonic and extra-colonic lesions. Lymph node dissection and vessel ligation under a laparoscopic approach can be time-consuming and can damage vessels and organs. Moreover, mesenteric vessels have extreme variations in terms of their courses and numbers. We describe the benefit of using an abdominal vascular map created by CE-CTC in laparoscopic colorectal surgery candidates. We describe patients with different diseases (colorectal cancer, diverticular disease, and inflammatory bowel disease) who underwent CE-CTC just prior to laparoscopic surgery.

  19. Progress of Neoadjuvant Therapy Combined with Surgery in Non-small Cell
Lung Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaqi WANG

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Lung cancer is the leading form of cancer in terms of both incidence and cancer-related deaths. For patients with resectable IIIa/N2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC, guidelines in and abroad recommend multidisciplinary team treatment, including surgery and chemotherapy, radiotherapy or other comprehensive treatment. Newly published evidences prove that neoadjuvant therapy can improve outcomes of NSCLC patients significantly, with advangtages in tolerability and compliance medication. Neoadjuvant therapy has been adopted mainly in locally advanced NSCLC, especially in stages IIIa/N2 patients, and chemotherapy of 2-4 cycles has become the basic pattern. Neoadjuvant therapy does not increase the concomitant complications of chemotherapy and surgery. However, challenges still exist in determining subsequent surgical timing, approach and extent of resection.

  20. Oncoplastic surgery combining abdominal advancement flaps with volume displacement techniques to breast-conserving surgery for small- to medium-sized breasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogawa, Tomoko; Hanamura, Noriko

    2016-11-01

    An abdominal advancement flap (AAF) is a flap that pulls the elevated abdominal skin up, creating the shape of the inferior portion of the breast by making a neo-inframammary fold. We used an AAF combined with volume displacement techniques to fill the defect left after breast-conserving surgery (BCS). Forty-one small- to medium-sized breast patients whose resection area included the lower portion of the breast underwent this procedure from October 2010 to December 2014. We evaluated efficacy of this procedure. The excision volume ranged from 10 to 35 %. Complications after surgery were observed in two patients (partial necrosis of the nipple-areola complex and partial necrosis of the breast skin in one patient each). There was no fat necrosis of the flap in any of the patients. The cosmetic results were found to be excellent in 7 cases, good in 23, fair in 9 and poor in 2. In 11 cases with an unacceptable outcome, 9 cases were in the inner portion. In patients with the tumor in the inner portion, the proportion of unacceptable cases was 50 %. In the cases other than the inner portion, the proportion of unacceptable cases was 8.7 % (p < 0.01). In the cases with larger breasts, unacceptable cases were more frequently observed (p < 0.05). We believe that an AAF combined with volume displacement techniques may be useful following BCS in the lower portion of a small- to medium-sized breast, except in cases where the tumors is located in the inner potion.

  1. Laparoscopic trans teres vault suspension, a new laparoscopic method of treatment of female genital prolapse – a preliminary report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewa Milnerowicz-Nabzdyk

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Pelvic organ prolapse (POP is treated with a great variety of procedures and none is fully satisfactory. The aim of the study was to introduce and evaluate the effectives of laparoscopic trans teres vault suspension (LTTVS technique as a new method for POP treatment. Material and methods: In the years 2013-2014, eight symptomatic women with grades II-IV POP underwent LTTVS procedure. The mean age of patients was 65.25 years (range from 52 to 76 years. The surgery encompassed total hysterectomy, suturing the vagina and fixation of uterosacral ligaments to the vaginal stump, fixation of stumps of round ligaments to the vaginal stump, and fixation of the vaginal stump to the anterior rectus fascia. Mean follow-up was 17.75 months (range from 6 to 27 months. Results : Eight patients were successfully operated. The symptoms of POP resolved after surgery and subjective quality of life increased. In one case a complication such as common fibular nerve injury appeared; however, it resolved after one month of physiotherapy. The other patient reported radiating pain down the leg after three months. No recurrence of vaginal stump prolapse was observed during the follow-up. Conclusions : LTTVS is a promising method for POP treatment. Due to repair with the use of native tissues, physiological placement of vaginal stump, and high efficacy it can be considered as an alternative to other POP surgeries. The method requires additional research on larger groups of patients.

  2. Mitral valve repair in Barlow's disease with bileaflet prolapse: the effect of annular stabilization on functional mitral valve leaflet prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomšic, Anton; Hiemstra, Yasmine L; Bissessar, Daniella D; van Brakel, Thomas J; Versteegh, Michel I M; Ajmone Marsan, Nina; Klautz, Robert J M; Palmen, Meindert

    2017-11-27

    Barlow's disease is the most severe form of degenerative mitral valve disease, commonly characterized by bileaflet prolapse. Abnormal mitral annular dynamics is typically present and results in functional prolapse of the mitral leaflets that may be addressed with annular stabilization alone. Between January 2001 and December 2015, 128 patients with Barlow's disease and bileaflet prolapse underwent valve repair. This included anterior mitral valve leaflet (AMVL) repair in 70 patients, whereas 58 patients were identified as having functional prolapse and underwent no specific AMVL repair. During the course of the study, the proportion of patients undergoing specific AMVL repair decreased (77% in the first and 33% in the second 64 patients). Semirigid ring annuloplasty was performed in all cases. The median clinical and echocardiographic follow-up duration was 6.5 years [interquartile range (IQR) 2.9-10.5 years; 93.9% complete] and 4.7 years (IQR 2.2-10.2 years; 94.4% complete), respectively. Early mortality was 1.6%. Postoperative echocardiogram demonstrated no residual mitral regurgitation in all but 1 patient (AMVL repair group). There was no significant difference in the overall survival rate at 6 years after operation between both groups. At 6 years, the freedom from recurrent ≥Grade 2+ mitral regurgitation rate was 90.7% (IQR 82.9-98.5%) and 89.1% (IQR 75.8-100%) for patients with and patients with no AMVL repair, respectively (P = 0.43). Three patients required late mitral valve reintervention, all from the AMVL repair group. Annular stabilization can effectively resolve the functional prolapse of the AMVL. Careful discrimination between functional and true AMVL prolapse allows for a technically less challenging operation that provides excellent repair durability.

  3. Safety of Polyacrylamide 1.5% Left in Anterior Chamber in Combined Phacoemulsification and Pars Plana Vitrectomy Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaca, Emine Esra; Özdek, Şengül; Özmen, Mehmet Cüneyt; Dursun, Ayhan; Yalçın, Nuriye Gökçen

    2016-04-01

    To evaluate safety, efficacy and postoperative characteristics of polyacrylamide 1.5% ophthalmic viscosurgical device (OVD) left in anterior chamber during and at the end of combined phacoemulsification and pars plana vitrectomy surgery. This prospective study comprised 20 eyes that received combined phacoemulsification and pars plana vitrectomy performed by the same surgeon. Polyacrylamide 1.5% was left in anterior chamber at the end of the surgery. Preoperative and postoperative examinations (4, 12 and 24 hours; 14 days; 1 and 3 months) included measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP), central corneal thickness (CCT), endothelial cell density and assessment of any ocular adverse reactions. Four of the 20 patients (20%) showed increased IOP at hours postoperatively and needed medical treatment for IOP control. There was no significant difference in IOP between the preoperative visit and postoperative 3 months (p > 0.05). CCT measurements were similar between preoperative and postoperative visits (p > 0.05). A mean endothelial cell density loss of 6.7% was observed at postoperative day 14, however there was no change after this visit. Polyacrylamide 1.5% is safe, well-tolerated and protective in eyes undergoing combined phacoemulsification and pars plana vitrectomy.

  4. Simultaneous occurrence of a large asymptomatic prolapsing left atrial myxoma with a cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iltumur, Kenan; Demir, Tolga; Ariturk, Zuhal; Toprak, Nizamettin; Oto, Oztekin

    2015-02-27

    Synchronous myxoma of the heart and other malignancies are extremely rare. We report a case of a 64-year-old man who had a large left atrial myxoma that obstructed the mitral valve, as well as an unrelated, coexistent cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in the sacral area. During the preoperative evaluation for non-cardiac surgery, the tumor was diagnosed coincidentally by echocardiographic examination. Echocardiography findings were consistent with a large left atrial myxoma originating from the posterior wall and prolapsing into the left ventricular cavity through the mitral valve, causing mitral stenosis. The mass was successfully completely excised. Histologic examination of the mass confirmed the diagnosis of cardiac myxoma. We report a casual echocardiographic finding of a left atrial myxoma that obstructed the mitral valve outflow tract, and an unrelated, synchronous cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in the sacral area.

  5. [Three-stage surgery of combining auricle reconstruction, meatoplasty and tympanoplasty for patients with congenital microtia-atresia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lichun, Zhang; Ying, Chen; Tianyu, Zhang

    2015-03-01

    To investigate the validity and feasibility of consecutive three-stage surgical technique of combining auricle reconstruction with external auditory canal atresia reconstruction in patients with congenital microtia-atresia, and to assess the post-surgery results by cosmetic and hearing aspects. From Sep. 2007 to Jun. 2011, all 74 patients (79 ears) with congenital microtia-atresia treated in our department were enrolled in this study. They consecutively accepted the following three-stage surgical technique: The first stage was Brent' s technique as follows, rib cartilage graft harvest, framework fabrication, and implantation. The second stage combined transfer of the lobule with meatoplasty and tympanoplasty. The third stage was the elevation of the reconstructed auricle. Both the cosmetic and functional hearing results were recorded at follow-ups. Among these patients, 60 patients (78.5%), 62 ears, acquired extremely satisfactory cosmetic results; 10 patients (16.5%), 13 ears, acquired acceptable cosmetic results; while the remaining 4 patients (5.1%) acquired unsatisfactory cosmetic results. However, the height of elevation of the newly performed auricle framework was not enough due to the existence of newly formed external ear canal. Regarding the hearing results, there were 69 ears with followup audiograms. An air-bone gap (ABG) improvement of 12.5 dB was achieved. The air-conduction hearing threshold improved (10.9 ± 8.2) dBHL, 37 ears (53.6%) achieved serviceable hearing after surgery, with ABG less than 30 dB. There were multiple complications occurred after surgery with the incidence of 49.4% (39/79). The combined three-stage surgical microtia and canal atresia reconstruction technique is a viable choice for some suitable patients with microtia-atresia. However, the incidence of complication after meatoplasty is very high and the hearing restoration is not good enough, which need further investigation for the better results.

  6. [Pilot study of a strategy combining coronary angioplasty with valvular and/or coronary surgery on the same day].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecoq, G; Bedossa, M; Boulmier, D; Corbineau, H; Leguerrier, A; Mabo, P; Daubert, J C; Le Breton, H

    2006-06-01

    A strategy combining percutaneous coronary angioplasty followed by valvular and/or coronary surgery was recently proposed as an alternative to the classical surgical only approach. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and the results of such a combined strategy with the two procedures performed the same day. The population comprised 34 patients including 17 with valvular disease and revascularisable coronary lesions (15 symptomatic severe aortic stenoses and two acute mitral insufficiencies) plus 17 multitrunk coronary patients without valvular disease but with an indication for revascularisation. Angioplasty was performed several hours prior to surgery and a loading dose of 300mg clopidogrel was administered immediately postoperatively; all patients were on aspirin before the procedure. The average age was 67 +/- 11 years, NYHA class 2.3 +/- 0.7, angina 73%, LVEF 58 +/- 10%. Single coronary artery disease was present in 26%, two vessel disease in 35% and three vessel disease in 39%. The success rate for angioplasty plus stent was 98%. 60 stents were active. Bypasses were exclusively arterial (left or right internal mammary arteries). We observed 4 in-hospital deaths, one of which was due to an infarct and three due to extra-cardiac causes (1 non-cardiogenic acute respiratory distress syndrome, 1 respiratory tract infection and 1 pyelonephritis). Further surgery was necessary in 4 cases: for haemorrhage and one episode of digestive tract haemorrhage. There were no additional deaths, coronary events nor haemorrhage at the end of an average follow-up of 15 +/- 6 months. The results of this combined strategy are encouraging in this population and merit further evaluation in a prospective study.

  7. [Effects of different doses of dexmedetomidine combined with ropivacaine for brachial plexus nerve block in children undergoing polydactyly surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Shi-Hui; Sun, Wei-Guo; Li, Yong-le; Chen, Xiang-Nan; Qi, Dong-Mei; Sun, Yi-Juan

    2017-06-20

    To observe the anesthetic effect and safety of different doses of dexmedetomidine combined with ropivacaine for brachial plexus nerve block in children undergoing polydactyly surgery. Eighty children undergoing polydactyly surgery were randomized into 4 groups to receive brachial plexus nerve block with dexmedetomidine at 0.25, 0.50 or 0.75 µg/kg combined with 0.25% ropivacaine (0.20 mL/kg) (D1, D2, and D3 groups, respectively) or with 0.25% ropivacaine (0.20 mL/kg) only (control group). The onset time, duration of brachial plexus nerve block, awakening time, success rate, and incidence of complications were compared among the groups. Results In D2 and D3 groups, the onset time and awakening time were shorter and anesthesia lasted longer than those in the control group. The onset time and awakening time were shorter and anesthesia maintenance time was longer in D3 group than in D1 group. The success rates of brachial plexus nerve block were significantly higher in D1-3 groups than in the control group (Pblock occurred in 1 child and respiratory depression in another; 2 or 3 patients had Horner syndrome, and 1 patient in D3 group experienced an episode of lowered heart beat to below 70 min(-1). All the complications were managed properly and the patients all recovered uneventfully. Brachial plexus nerve block with 0.5 µg/kg dexmedetomidine combined with 0.25% ropivacaine (0.20 mL/kg) is safe for effective anesthesia in children undergoing surgery for polydactyly.

  8. Importance of the capability for complete resuscitative treatment combining surgery and interventional radiology for potentially lethal multiple injuries: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroyuki Otsuka

    2017-10-01

    Conclusions: The capability to perform complete resuscitative treatments that seamlessly combine surgery and interventional radiology in the appropriate order is important for the survival of patients with multiple traumatic injuries.

  9. Evaluating Low Back Pain Patients for Prolapsed Interverbral Disc in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation of low back pain for prolapsed intervertebral disk (PID) is based on history, physical findings and im- aging examination such as Computerized Tomography. (CT) scan or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). In pa- tients with recurrent low back pain, reflex sciatica, strik- ing tenderness on spinal processes or ...

  10. Rescue cerclage when foetal membranes prolapse into the vagina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayrak, Mehmet; Gul, Ahmet; Goynumer, Gokhan

    2017-05-01

    A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of rescue cerclage in patients with a dilated cervix and prolapsed foetal membranes. Thirty-five patients presenting with cervical dilatation and prolapsed foetal membranes were included in the study. A McDonald cerclage was placed in 27 patients. The duration of pregnancy prolongation and the number of deliveries after 28 weeks were evaluated. The median prolongation of pregnancy after cerclage placement differed significantly between the cerclage and bed-rest groups (64 days versus 13.5 days). Of the 27 patients who had cerclage, 17 (63%) delivered after 28 weeks of gestation, whereas all patients in the bed-rest group delivered before 28 weeks of gestation. The take-home baby rate was 63% in the cerclage group. When pregnancies were complicated by cervical dilatation with membrane prolapse into the vagina, placement of a McDonald cerclage in appropriately selected patients can be a beneficial therapeutic option. Impact statement Although the effectiveness and safety of rescue cerclage is controversial, our study provides strong support for the notion that cervical cerclage accompanied by long-term broad-spectrum antibiotics improves the perinatal outcomes in singleton gestations with membrane prolapsed into the vagina. Further prospective randomised trial is required to prove these findings.

  11. Vault prolapse treated by sacrocolpopexy | Cronjé | South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    To evaluate the success rate of sacrocolpopexy in 153 patients with stage 3 and 4 vault prolapse. Methods. A retrospective review was done on 153 patient records from a database in a urogynaecological unit. For the sacrocolpopexy procedure, semi-absorbable mesh was placed along the anterior and posterior vaginal ...

  12. Surgical replacement of iatrogenically prolapsed penis in a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prolapse of the penis through an iatrogenic incision on the right side of the preputial base in a five year old dromedary camel was handled surgically and the organ was successfully replaced into the preputial cavity. The condition occurred as a result of draining an abscess at the base of the prepuce by a quack about eight ...

  13. Bowel prolapse following spontaneous rupture of a femoral hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sein, Tin Aung; Damodaran, Ashok

    2012-09-01

    This case presents a rare complication of the spontaneous rupture of a femoral hernia in an elderly woman without causing much systemic effect despite the herniated bowel being necrosed and perforated, giving rise to an enterocutaneous fistula. The small bowel had also prolapsed through the fistula opening, making it a very rare and alarming presentation.

  14. Determinants and Management Outcomes of Pelvic Organ Prolapse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The last decade has seen significant progress in understanding of the pathophysiology, anatomy and management modalities of pelvic organ prolapse. A review of the way we manage this entity in a low resource setting has become necessary. Aim: The aim of the study is to determine the incidence, risk factors ...

  15. Pelvic Organ Prolapse in Lagos, Nigeria | Rabiu | Nigerian Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vaginal hysterectomy and pelvic floor repair was the commonest mode of management and was associated with higher post operative morbidity than other procedures. Conclusion Older and grand multiparous women are the principal sufferers of pelvic organ prolapse. Prevention through modification of obstetric risk factors ...

  16. Uterovaginal prolapse at a University Teaching Hospital in South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The most common form of treatment offered was vaginal hysterectomy with pelvic floor repair, 37 (88.1%). Conclusion: There is need to educate women on the importance of accessing skilled antenatal, delivery and postnatal services as these might reduce the prevalence of uterovaginal prolapse in our environment.

  17. Incidence of pelvic organ prolapse repair subsequent to hysterectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lykke, Rune; Blaakær, Jan; Ottesen, Bent

    2017-01-01

    INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of subsequent pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair in women following radical hysterectomy versus total abdominal hysterectomy. METHODS: From the Danish National Patient Registry, we collected data on all radical...

  18. Surgical management of pelvic floor prolapse in women using mesh ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To evaluate surgical handling, prolapse correction and complication rate of polypropylene mesh. Methods: A retrospective review of patients who had pelvic floor repair using polypropylene mesh(PPM) and intra-vaginal sling(IVS), between January 2003 and July 2005. All patients were followed-up for a period of ...

  19. Uterine Prolapse Following Fundal Pressure in the First Stage of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ANNALS

    Alternative methods of aiding women in labor should be promoted. Keywords: Fundal pressure, uterine prolapse. Résumé. L'utilisation de la pression fundale pour assister ... smoke cigarettes or drink alcohol. On examination, she was noted to be a young woman who was in pains, afebrile, not pale and anicteric. The pulse ...

  20. Genitourinary prolapse and joint hypermobility in Ethiopian women ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: To assess the relationship between genitourinary prolapse (GUP) and joint hyper-mobility (JHM). Design: Double-blind cross-sectional survey. Setting: Adigrat hospital, northern Ethiopia, which serves as a referral centre for about one million people. Patients: Two hundred and nine women were examined for ...

  1. Urethra] Prolapse in a Eve-year-old Girl

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    involving Hispanics and white girls.” The reddish prolapsed urethral mucosal tissue that protrudes between the labia minora .... percent of the 42 patients in their reported series belonged to social classes III to V;3 it was however, not stated in the report what the social class distribution of the patients who attended their ...

  2. Rectal and genital prolapse in Nigerian newborns: Case reports and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-03-16

    Mar 16, 2013 ... Rectal prolapse refers to the extrusion of some or all of the rectal mucosa through the external anal sphincter, usually between infancy and 4 years of age, with a high incidence in the first year of life,[2] although it is uncommon in neonates. Considered as a sign of an underlying condition and not a distinct ...

  3. Combined corneal allotransplantation and vitreoretinal surgery using an Eckardt temporary keratoprosthesis: analysis for factors determining corneal allograft survival

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee DS

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Dae Seung Lee,1 Jang Won Heo,1 Hyuk Jin Choi,2 Mee Kum Kim,1 Won Ryang Wee,1 Joo Youn Oh1 1Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, 2Seoul National University Hospital Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Seoul, Korea Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of corneal allotransplantation in combined penetrating keratoplasty and vitreoretinal surgery using a temporary keratoprosthesis, and to determine the factors affecting corneal allograft survival. Methods: We reviewed the medical charts of eleven patients who had undergone combined corneal allotransplantation and pars plana vitrectomy using an Eckardt temporary keratoprosthesis, for the treatment of corneal opacification and vitreoretinal disease. The survival rates of the corneal grafts were assessed, and patient demographics, the diagnosis of corneal and retinal disease, the preoperative ocular characteristics, and surgical methods were compared between the group with graft survival and that with graft failure. Results: The causes of corneal opacification were corneal laceration (four eyes, infectious keratitis (four eyes, atopic keratitis (one eye, rejected corneal graft (one eye, and uveitis-related bullous keratopathy (one eye. The preoperative diagnoses included endophthalmitis (six eyes, posterior uveitis (one eye, vitreous opacity or hemorrhage (two eyes, and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (two eyes. The survival rate of the corneal allografts was 27.3% (3/11 eyes. The mean survival time was 391 days during the mean follow-up period of 687 days. The retinal surgery was successful in 81.8% (9/11 eyes of cases. The presence of active inflammation in the cornea at the time of surgery was significantly correlated with graft rejection (P=0.004. Other factors, including age, the presence of glaucoma, type of corneal and retinal disease, or type of retinal surgery, such as silicone oil injection and gas tamponade, had no significant correlation with graft rejection

  4. Combination antifungal therapy and surgery for the treatment of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiziana Toffolutti

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available An 8-year old boy, affected by severe aplastic anemia, developed a probable pulmonary invasive aspergillosis (IA early after a second unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT. He was treated promptly with the combination of liposomal amphotericin B and caspofungin. Despite the initial stabilization, the patient deteriorated and the antifungal therapy was switched to voriconazole and caspofungin. The patient gradually improved and was discharged home on day +29 post-HSCT on oral voriconazole. On day +119, a sudden episode of hemoptysis occurred and a right superior lobectomy was decided to remove the residual aspergilloma. The patient is now alive and well more than 24 months from HSCT. This case demonstrated that antifungal combination therapy and surgery are valid options to cure pulmonary IA even in patients at high-risk and severely immunosuppressed.

  5. Brachytherapy Combined With Surgery for Conservative Treatment of Children With Bladder Neck and/or Prostate Rhabdomyosarcoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chargari, Cyrus, E-mail: cyrus.chargari@gustaveroussy.fr [Brachytherapy Unit, Department of Radiotherapy, Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, Bretigny-sur-Orge (France); French Military Health Service Academy, Ecole du Val-de-Grâce, Paris (France); Haie-Meder, Christine [Brachytherapy Unit, Department of Radiotherapy, Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Guérin, Florent [Department of Pediatric Surgery, Bicêtre Hospital, Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris Sud, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre (France); Minard-Colin, Véronique [Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Oncology, Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Lambert, Guénolée de [Department of Pediatric Surgery, Bicêtre Hospital, Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris Sud, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre (France); Mazeron, Renaud; Escande, Alexandre; Marsolat, Fanny; Dumas, Isabelle [Brachytherapy Unit, Department of Radiotherapy, Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Deutsch, Eric [Brachytherapy Unit, Department of Radiotherapy, Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); Faculté de Médecine Paris Sud, Université Paris Sud, Université Paris Saclay, Paris (France); Valteau-Couanet, Dominique [Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Oncology, Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (France); and others

    2017-06-01

    Purpose: To report the results of a conservative strategy based on partial surgery combined with brachytherapy in a prospective cohort of children with bladder–prostate rhabdomyosarcoma (BP RMS). Methods and Materials: We prospectively documented the outcome of children treated in our department between 1991 and 2015 for BP RMS and undergoing a multimodal approach combining conservative surgery (partial cystectomy and/or partial prostatectomy) and perioperative interstitial low-dose-rate or pulse-dose-rate brachytherapy. Before brachytherapy, children had received chemotherapy with modalities depending on their risk group of treatment. Results: A total of 100 patients were identified, with a median age of 28 months (range, 5.6 months-14 years). According to the Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study (IRS) group, 84 were IRS-III, and 12 were IRS-IV tumors. Four patients were treated at relapse. The median number of chemotherapy cycles before local therapy was 6 (range, 4-13). After surgery, 63 patients had a macroscopic tumor residuum. Five patients underwent a brachytherapy boost before pelvic external beam radiation therapy because of nodal involvement, and 95 had exclusive brachytherapy. Median follow-up was 64 months (range, 6 months-24.5 years). Five-year disease-free and overall survival rates were 84% (95% confidence interval 80%-88%) and 91% (95% confidence interval 87%-95%), respectively. At last follow-up most survivors presented with only mild to moderate genitourinary sequelae and a normal diurnal urinary continence. Five patients required a secondary total cystectomy: 3 for a nonfunctional bladder and 2 for relapse. Conclusion: Brachytherapy is effective as part of a conservative strategy for BP RMS, with a relatively low delayed toxicity as compared with previously published studies using external beam radiation therapy. Longer follow-up is required to ensure that the functional results are maintained over time.

  6. Surgery for complex perineal fistula following rectal cancer treatment using biological mesh combined with gluteal perforator flap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musters, G D; Lapid, O; Bemelman, W A; Tanis, P J

    2014-10-01

    Three patients with complex perineal fistula after extensive pelvic surgery and radiotherapy underwent surgical treatment combining a biological mesh for pelvic floor reconstruction and a unilateral superior gluteal artery perforator (SGAP) flap for filling of the perineal defect. All patients had both fecal and urinary diversion. Two fistulas originated from the small bowel, necessitating parenteral feeding, and one from the bladder. Symptoms included severe sacral pain and skin maceration. After laparotomy with complete debridement of the pelvic cavity, the pelvic floor was reconstructed by stitching a biological mesh at the level of the pelvic outlet. Subsequently, patients were turned to prone position, and perineal reconstruction was completed by rotating a SGAP flap into the defect between the biomesh and the perineal skin. Operating time ranged from 10 to 12.5 h, and hospital stay lasted from 9 to 23 days. The postoperative course was uneventful in all three patients. Reconstruction of large pelvic defects with a combination of biological mesh and SGAP flap is a viable alternative to a rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap and may be preferable after extensive pelvic surgery with ostomy.

  7. Abdominal sling surgery--artificial sacro-uterine ligament.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draca, Petar; Miljković, Stamenko; Jakovljević, Branislava

    2002-01-01

    Abdominal sling surgery is defined as attachment of either the connective tissue graft (fascia lata) or some synthetic material (Mersilene) to the anterior wall of the exposed vaginal vault following total hysterectomy or to the posterior wall of the uterine cervix in total and subtotal uterine prolapse, whereas the other end is attached to the anterior longitudinal ligament extending along the anterior surface of the vertebrae. Our analysis comprised 45 operations: 20 cases of vaginal vault prolapse following vaginal hysterectomy; 7 cases of vaginal vault prolapse following HTA: 2 cases of prolapse following subtotal hysterectomy; 3 cases of nondefined TH; 2 cases following Burch operation; 1 following Kocher; 1 following Manchester, 1 following Neugebauer-Le Fort operation in which HTA was performed 2 times. Abdominal sling operation was associated with the following surgical procedures: sling in 13 cases, sling + douglasorrhaphy in 16 cases, sling + douglasorrhaphy + colpoperineoplastics in 6 cases, sling + colpoperineoplastics in 9 cases and sling + marshall marcetti in 1 case. Recurrence of enterocele was recorded in 5 patients in whom closure of the douglas pouch had not been performed. This procedure was therefore later included into our approach to the operation. The abdominal sling operation has been a logical and physiologic approach to surgical therapy of genital prolapse, particularly of the vaginal vault prolapse following total hysterectomy. This operation ensures subsequent normal sexual relations.

  8. [Diprivan versus midazolam in combined anaesthesia with ketamin for minor gynecological surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tablov, V; Tsafarov, M; Tablov, B; Popov, I; Partenov, P

    2007-01-01

    We tested the hypothesis that diprivan/ketamine (D/K) anesthesia would offer advantages compared to midazolam/ketamine (M/K) in patients undergoing minor gynecological surgery. After patient written consent, 60 healthy women, which were scheduled for elective termination of pregnancy were randomly allocated into two groups. Operating conditions, recovery, pain, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and patient's satisfaction to anesthesia were assessed. Demographic and surgical data were identical in the groups. Immediate recovery was faster with patients given diprivan than midazolam. Patients receiving M/K experienced more PONV in recovery room. D/K is preferable method of anesthesia for ultra-short gynecological procedure compared to M/K because of faster recovery and decreased incidence of PONV.

  9. Carcinoma of the penis; Treatment by surgery or combined bleomycin and radiation therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Modig, H. (Dept. of Oncology and Urology and Andrology, Univ. Hospital, Umeaa (Sweden)); Duchek, M. (Dept. of Oncology and Urology and Andrology, Univ. Hospital, Umeaa (Sweden)); Sjoedin, J.G. (Dept. of Oncology and Urology and Andrology, Univ. Hospital, Umeaa (Sweden))

    1993-01-01

    Forty-four patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the penis stage T1-T2, N0 were either treated surgically (n=19) or with a combination of irradiation and bleomycin (n=25). The overall actuarial survival rate was 80% at 3 years, 77% at 5 years and 60% at 10 years. The result of irradiation treatment combined with bleomycin was in stage N0 equivalent to that of surgical therapy. The non-surgical treatment had the advantage of preserved sexual ability. (orig.).

  10. Laparoscopic-assisted tension-free vaginal mesh: an innovative approach to placing synthetic mesh: transvaginally for surgical correction of pelvic organ prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Toyohiko; Inoue, Miyabi; Ishii, Ayano; Yamato, Toyoko; Yamamoto, Masumi; Sasaki, Katsumi; Kobayashi, Yasuyuki; Araki, Motoo; Uehara, Shinya; Saika, Takashi; Kumon, Hiromi

    2012-01-01

    Polypropylene mesh implants for the correction of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) are now available in Japan. We developed an innovative approach for correcting POP by placing polypropylene mesh transvaginally with laparoscopic assistance. From June 2007 through March 2010, sixteen consecutive patients with symptomatic stage 2 or 3 pelvic organ prolapse underwent the laparoscopic-assisted tension-free vaginal mesh procedure at Okayama University Hospital. All patients were evaluated before and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Female sexual function was also evaluated with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). The procedure was performed successfully without significant complications. Fifteen of 16 patients were considered anatomically cured (93.8%) at 12 months postoperatively. One patient with a recurrent stage 3 vaginal vault prolapse required sacral colpopexy six months postoperatively. Total FSFI scores improved significantly from 10.3 ± 1.3 at baseline to 18.0 ± 1.2 at 12 months after surgery. The laparoscopic-assisted trans-vaginal mesh is a safe, effective, and simple procedure for POP repairs. The procedure not only restores anatomic relationships but also improves sexual function.

  11. Hemodynamic changes during a combined psoas compartment-sciatic nerve block for elective orthopedic surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Leeuw, M.A.; Slagt, C.; Hoeksema, M.; Zuurmond, W.W.A.; Perez, R.S.G.M.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Hemodynamic variables can theoretically be influenced by a combined psoas compartment-sciatic nerve block (CPCSNB) owing to a relatively high systemic absorption of local anesthetics and extended vasodilatation in the anesthetized limb (hemisympatectomy). In this study we assessed and

  12. Repeated episodes of focal cerebral ischemia in a patient with mitral valve prolapse and migraine headache

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raičević Ranko

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Migraine is episodic, paroxysmal disorder where the headache represents the central symptom and is followed with different combinations of neurological gastrointestinal and vegetative changes. Not until the diagnostic procedures were developed, ischemic lesions were verified even in the patients with ordinary migraine. This is a report of a patient with migraine headache followed twice by verified episodes of temporary ischemic attacks and verified focal ischemic lesion of cerebral parenchyma. The mitral valve prolapse was also detected. This all imposed the administration of combined prophylactic antimigrainous and anticoagulant therapy as an imperative because of the risk of the development of repeated ischemia of cerebral tissue. This association also confirmed an opinion that migraine is a wider disorder with the dominant dysfunction of limbic system.

  13. Combination of expansion and orthognathic surgery in a severe hyperdivergent skeletal Class III malocclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anadha Gujar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Class III malocclusions with a severe hyperdivergent growth pattern are very complex to plan and treat. This case report describes the treatment of an adult with a skeletal Class III malocclusion with a midface deficiency, severe bilateral posterior crossbite, and a severe hyperdivergent growth pattern by a combination of a bonded rapid maxillary expansion appliance and surgical procedure of Le Fort I osteotomy for maxillary advancement.

  14. Corneal endothelial cell loss and corneal biomechanical characteristics after two-step sequential or combined phaco-vitrectomy surgery for idiopathic epiretinal membrane

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hamoudi, Hassan; Christensen, Ulrik Correll; La Cour, Morten

    2017-01-01

    PURPOSE: To assess the impact of sequential and combined surgery [cataract surgery and 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with peeling] on corneal endothelium cell density (CED) and corneal biomechanical characteristics. METHODS: Phakic eyes with epiretinal membrane (ERM) were prospectively...... allocated to (i) cataract surgery and subsequent PPV (CAT group), (ii) PPV and subsequent cataract surgery (VIT group) or (iii) phacovitrectomy (COMBI group). Eyes were examined at baseline, 1 month after each surgery, and at 3 and 12 months follow-up. Corneal endothelium cell density (CED) was assessed...... with non-contact specular microscopy. Pachymetry [central cornea thickness (CCT)], keratometry and cornea volume (CV) were measured with Pentacam Scheimpflug camera. Primary outcome was change in CED after 12 months; secondary outcomes were changes in CCT and CV after 12 months. RESULTS: Sixty-two eyes...

  15. Feasibility and Impact of a Combined Supervised Exercise and Nutritional-Behavioral Intervention following Bariatric Surgery: A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friedrich C. Jassil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Lifestyle intervention programs after bariatric surgery have been suggested to maximise health outcomes. This pilot study aimed to investigate the feasibility and impact of an 8-week combined supervised exercise with nutritional-behavioral intervention following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. Methods. Eight female patients (44 ± 8 years old, BMI = 38.5 ± 7.2 kgm−2 completed the program. Before and after intervention, anthropometric measures, six-minute walk test (6MWT, physical activity level, eating behavior, and quality of life (QoL were assessed. Percentage weight loss (%WL outcomes were compared with a historical matched control group. Results. The program significantly improved functional capacity (mean increment in 6MWT was 127 ± 107 meters, p=0.043, increased strenuous intensity exercise (44 ± 49 min/week, p=0.043, increased consumption of fruits and vegetables (p=0.034, reduced consumption of ready meals (p=0.034, and improved “Change in Health” in QoL domain (p=0.039. The intervention group exhibited greater %WL in the 3–12-month postsurgery period compared to historical controls, 12.2 ± 7.5% versus 5.1 ± 5.4%, respectively (p=0.027. Conclusions. Lifestyle intervention program following bariatric surgery is feasible and resulted in several beneficial outcomes. A large randomised control trial is now warranted.

  16. Obesity and pelvic organ prolapse: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giri, Ayush; Hartmann, Katherine E; Hellwege, Jacklyn N; Velez Edwards, Digna R; Edwards, Todd L

    2017-07-01

    Studies evaluating the association between obesity and pelvic organ prolapse report estimates that range from negative to positive associations. Heterogeneous definitions for pelvic organ prolapse and variable choices for categorizing obesity measures have made it challenging to conduct meta-analysis. We systematically evaluated evidence to provide quantitative summaries of association between degrees of obesity and pelvic organ prolapse, and identify sources of heterogeneity. We searched for all indexed publications relevant to pelvic organ prolapse up until June 18, 2015, in PubMed/MEDLINE to identify analytical observational studies published in English that reported risk ratios (relative risk, odds ratio, or hazard ratio) for body mass index categories in relation to pelvic organ prolapse. Random effects meta-analyses were conducted to report associations with pelvic organ prolapse for overweight and obese body mass index categories compared with women in the normal-weight category (referent: body mass index obesity and pelvic organ prolapse, 22 eligible studies provided effect estimates for meta-analysis of the overweight and obese body mass index categories. Compared with the referent category, women in the overweight and obese categories had meta-analysis risk ratios of at least 1.36 (95% confidence interval, 1.20-1.53) and at least 1.47 (95% confidence interval, 1.35-1.59), respectively. Subgroup analyses showed effect estimates for objectively measured clinically significant pelvic organ prolapse were higher than for self-reported pelvic organ prolapse. Other potential sources of heterogeneity included proportion of postmenopausal women in study and reported study design. Overweight and obese women are more likely to have pelvic organ prolapse compared with women with body mass index in the normal range. The finding that the associations for obesity measures were strongest for objectively measured, clinically significant pelvic organ prolapse further

  17. Limited evidence of the effect of prophylactic pelvic floor training on genital prolapse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boie, Sidsel; Jeppesen, Ulla; Bor, Isil Pinar

    Abstract A growing number of women are bothered by genital prolapse. The treatment of genital prolapse includes pelvic floor exercise in variable extent, but only few data are published. Variations in interventions, follow-up time, outcome etc. complicates a comparison. Because of the very limite...... material it is difficult to conclude if pelvic floor exercises have any effect on genital prolapse. There is need for studies concerning the clinical relevance and a cost-benefit analysis....

  18. Fluorescence-guided surgery in combination with UVC irradiation cures metastatic human pancreatic cancer in orthotopic mouse models.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yukihiko Hiroshima

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine if ultraviolet light (UVC irradiation in combination with fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS can eradicate metastatic human pancreatic cancer in orthotopic nude-mouse models. Two weeks after orthotopic implantation of human MiaPaCa-2 pancreatic cancer cells, expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP, in nude mice, bright-light surgery (BLS was performed on all tumor-bearing mice (n = 24. After BLS, mice were randomized into 3 treatment groups; BLS-only (n = 8 or FGS (n = 8 or FGS-UVC (n = 8. The residual tumors were resected using a hand-held portable imaging system under fluorescence navigation in mice treated with FGS and FGS-UVC. The surgical resection bed was irradiated with 2700 J/m2 UVC (254 nm in the mice treated with FGS-UVC. The average residual tumor area after FGS (n = 16 was significantly smaller than after BLS only (n = 24 (0.135±0.137 mm2 and 3.338±2.929 mm2, respectively; p = 0.007. The BLS treated mice had significantly reduced survival compared to FGS- and FGS-UVC-treated mice for both relapse-free survival (RFS (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively and overall survival (OS (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively. FGS-UVC-treated mice had increased RFS and OS compared to FGS-only treated mice (p = 0.008 and p = 0.025, respectively; with RFS lasting at least 150 days indicating the animals were cured. The results of the present study suggest that UVC irradiation in combination with FGS has clinical potential to increase survival.

  19. Combined eye gel containing sodium hyaluronate and xanthan gum for the treatment of the corneal epithelial defect after pterygium surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kocatürk T

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tolga Kocatürk,1 Ataman Gençgönül,2 Faruk Balica,1 Mehmet Özbağcivan,1 Harun Çakmak1 1Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, 2Department of Ophthalmology, Mevki Military Hospital, Ankara, Turkey Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of the ophthalmic gels containing hyaluronate, xanthan gum, and netilmycine with fusidic acid in terms of recovery periods of corneal epithelium in the patients who underwent pterygium surgery.Methods: Patients who underwent pterygium surgery were separated into two groups. Forty patients in group 1 were given eye gel containing sodium hyaluronate, xanthan gum, and netilmycine, and 40 patients in group 2 were given one drop of eye gel containing fusidic acid. The patients in both groups were examined at the 12th, 24th, and 48th hours in the postoperative period by using slit-lamp technique. The subjective complaints of the patients such as pain and stinging, and the recovery periods of the corneal epithelial defect were evaluated comparatively by fluorescein staining.Results: The mean ages were 26±8 years (range: 18–35 and 24±6 years (range: 18–33 in groups 1 and 2, respectively. The closure period of the corneal epithelial defect was observed as 24±8 hours (range: 16–42 and 36±12 hours (range: 18–48 in groups 1 and 2, respectively. The number of the patients suffering from subjective complaints such as pain and stinging in the first 12 hours was six and 29 in groups 1 and 2, respectively. The difference was significant both clinically and statistically (P=0.001.Conclusion: Combined eye gel containing hyaluronate, xanthan gum, and netilmycine accelerates the recovery of corneal epithelial defect and reduces the complaints of the patients, when compared to the fusidic acid gel. Combined eye gel should be considered as an option for the treatment of the corneal epithelial defect related with pterygium surgery. Keywords: iatrogenic

  20. A subconjunctival foreign body confused with uveal prolapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Min Park

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There are cases in which the presence of a foreign body (FB is difficult to diagnose based on history taking or clinical examination. We report a case of subconjunctival FB confused with uveal prolapse. A 68-year-old man, who had the history of pterygium excision in his right eye, complained of irritation and congestion in that same eye. He also had the history of growing vegetables in a plastic greenhouse. It seemed to be a suspected uveal mass bulging through a focal scleral thinning site. On the basis of slit-lamp magnification, the lesion was presumed to be a hard and black keratinized mass embedded under the conjunctiva. Histopathologically, the removed mass was revealed to be a seed of the dicotyledones. Patients who show signs of prolapsed uvea or scleral thinning, possibility of a subconjunctival FB should be considered as differential diagnosis. In addition, a removed unknown FB should be examined histopathologically.

  1. Congenital cutis laxa with rectal and uterovaginal prolapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjiv V Choudhary

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A two-month-old female infant born of a consanguineous marriage, presented with loose, wrinkled and inelastic skin over the neck, axillae, trunk, inguinal region and thighs with slow elastic recoil. Patient also had systemic manifestations in the form of bilateral apical lobe consolidation of lung, bilateral inguinal hernia, rectal and uterovaginal prolapse. Histopathological examination of skin biopsy with special stain for elastic tissue revealed absence of dermal elastic tissue. Genital abnormalities in patients with congenital cutis laxa have been reported rarely. But rectal and uterovaginal prolapse have not been reported at an early age of two months. In the absence of mutational screening, with history and clinical findings our case is likely to be Type I autosomal recessive form of congenital cutis laxa.

  2. Relationship between levator ani and bony pelvis morphology and clinical grade of prolapse in women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ran; Song, Yanfeng; Ma, Ming

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the morphological features of the levator ani and bony pelvis in women with different grades of prolapse. Ninety Chinese women with different grades of uterine prolapse were studied, 18 in each stage of prolapse from I to IV, and 18 asymptomatic nulliparous volunteers as normal controls. Three-dimensional (3D) models that included the pelvic bones, levator ani, pubic symphysis, sacrum, and coccyx were generated from magnetic resonance (MR) images. The width and length of the levator hiatus and levator symphysis gap, the width of the iliococcygeus, and the iliococcygeal angle were measured to quantify levator ani morphology; the intertuberous diameter, interspinous diameter, subpubic angle, and pubococcygeal line were measured to characterize the morphology of the bony pelvis. Four patterns of levator ani morphology among women with and without prolapse were distinguished. Among the bony pelvis parameters, no measurement differed significantly between the subjects with prolapse and normal controls, or among subjects with different grades of prolapse. There were significant differences in the width and length of the levator hiatus and levator symphysis gap between women with prolapse and normal controls. Our pilot data help to elucidate bony pelvis and levator ani morphology in women with and without pelvic organ prolapse. In contrast to the iliococcygeus muscle, changes in the morphological features of the pubovisceral muscle are more likely to accompany prolapse. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. A Simple and Safe Procedure to Repair Rectal Prolapse Perineally Using Stapling Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fumitake Hata

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Rectal prolapses are not life-threatening, however the bleeding and fecal incontinence associated with them significantly erode quality of life and can cause concern among patients' caregivers in nursing homes. Many procedures have been reported that repair rectal prolapses, and the procedure used depends on the severity of the prolapse; however, the treatments are yet to be established. Here we report a simple and safe procedure to repair rectal prolapse perineally using stapling devices. We performed this procedure on 5 patients within a short time. All patients were followed up for over 24 months and none had any recurrences of their rectal prolapses. No complications occurred during the operations and postoperative periods. Most patients who have prolapses are elderly and fragile, so the treatment must be easy, safe, and rapid. While rectal prolapse is not life-threatening, the goal of treatment is to alleviate its symptoms. The procedure we describe is consistent with this concept. We suggest that this procedure, which uses surgical stapling devices, might be a better option for the treatment of complete rectal prolapse. We will continue to surgically correct complete rectal prolapses and investigate the long-term outcomes of the procedure.

  4. Combined endodontic therapy and periapical surgery with MTA and bone graft in treating palatogingival groove.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittal, Mudit; Vashisth, Pallavi; Arora, Rachita; Dwivedi, Swati

    2013-04-18

    A 37-year-old male patient reported to our department with chief complaint of pain and pus discharge from the labial marginal gingiva in the maxillary right lateral incisor region since last 4 months. Clinically, the tooth was hypersensitive to percussion and palpation but failed to respond to pulp sensitivity testing. After periodontal probing, a palatal groove was observed which started at the cingulum and travelled apically and laterally, associated with a pocket depth of 8 mm. Occlusal radiograph showed circumscribed radiolucency measuring 5 mm×7 mm in diameter at the apex of the tooth. A clinical diagnosis of chronic apical abscess was established. The case was treated with a combination of mineral trioxide aggregate and bone graft. At the 6-month follow-up visit, the tooth showed progressive healing without sinus track and sulcular bleeding.

  5. Combined endodontic therapy and periapical surgery with MTA and bone graft in treating palatogingival groove

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittal, Mudit; Vashisth, Pallavi; Arora, Rachita; Dwivedi, Swati

    2013-01-01

    A 37-year-old male patient reported to our department with chief complaint of pain and pus discharge from the labial marginal gingiva in the maxillary right lateral incisor region since last 4 months. Clinically, the tooth was hypersensitive to percussion and palpation but failed to respond to pulp sensitivity testing. After periodontal probing, a palatal groove was observed which started at the cingulum and travelled apically and laterally, associated with a pocket depth of 8 mm. Occlusal radiograph showed circumscribed radiolucency measuring 5 mm×7 mm in diameter at the apex of the tooth. A clinical diagnosis of chronic apical abscess was established. The case was treated with a combination of mineral trioxide aggregate and bone graft. At the 6-month follow-up visit, the tooth showed progressive healing without sinus track and sulcular bleeding. PMID:23605830

  6. A case of pyoderma gangrenosum with ulcerative colitis treated with combined approach: infliximab and surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrisani, G; Guidi, L; Papa, A; Potenza, A E; Cervelli, D; Armuzzi, A

    2013-06-01

    Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an ulcerating noninfectious disease of the skin seen in 1-2% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The pathogenesis of PG has yet to be determined, but may be related to abnormal T cell responses and the production of TNF-α, a pathway also involved in IBD pathogenesis. Infliximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody to TNF-α, is used to treat moderate to severe IBD and several case reports and studies suggest the efficacy of infliximab in the treatment of PG. The surgical approach to PG is reserved to a few selected cases. We report here the case of a patient with ulcerative colitis (UC) and PG localized on the left breast, treated with a simultaneous combined medical and surgical approach. Copyright © 2012 European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Prolapsed bilateral ureteroceles leading to intermittent outflow obstruction.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Stunell, H

    2012-02-01

    A ureterocele refers to a cystic dilatation of the distal ureter. It may be unilateral or bilateral and may be associated with a duplex system in some cases. We present an unusual case where a young patient was found to have large bilateral ureteroceles which prolapsed into the urethra, causing intermittent incontinence and obstruction. We discuss the case and review the literature concerning this rare anomaly.

  8. Symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse: Experience at a tertiary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    either POP or urinary incontinence, increases with age.[12]. The average age of prolapse presentation in this study was 62 (range 24 -. 96) years, and mean parity was 3.7 (range 0 -. 13). Our findings are similar to those reported by Ellerkmann et al.[13] and Burrows et al.,[14]. i.e. 57.2 (range 23 - 93) years, mean parity 2.2.

  9. Uterine Prolapse Following Fundal Pressure in the First Stage of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ANNALS

    6, No.4; 2007:194 – 196. Uterine Prolapse Following Fundal Pressure in the First Stage of Labour: A. Case Report. J. Tukur, A. O. Omale, H. Abdullahi and Z. Datti. Department of ... The use of fundal pressure to assist a woman in labor is a controversial procedure. Its benefits are yet ... Her 3rd child died at the age of 5 years ...

  10. The combination of digital surface scanners and cone beam computed tomography technology for guided implant surgery using 3Shape implant studio software: a case history report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanis, Alejandro; Álvarez Del Canto, Orlando

    2015-01-01

    The incorporation of virtual engineering into dentistry and the digitization of information are providing new perspectives and innovative alternatives for dental treatment modalities. The use of digital surface scanners with surgical planning software allows for the combination of the radiographic, prosthetic, surgical, and laboratory fields under a common virtual scenario, permitting complete digital treatment planning. In this article, the authors present a clinical case in which a guided implant surgery was performed based on a complete digital surgical plan combining the information from a cone beam computed tomography scan and the virtual simulation obtained from the 3Shape TRIOS intraoral surface scanner. The information was imported to and combined in the 3Shape Implant Studio software for guided implant surgery planning. A surgical guide was obtained by a 3D printer, and the surgical procedure was done using the Biohorizons Guided Surgery Kit and its protocol.

  11. Corneal endothelial cell loss and corneal biomechanical characteristics after two-step sequential or combined phaco-vitrectomy surgery for idiopathic epiretinal membrane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamoudi, Hassan; Christensen, Ulrik Correll; La Cour, Morten

    2017-08-01

    To assess the impact of sequential and combined surgery [cataract surgery and 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with peeling] on corneal endothelium cell density (CED) and corneal biomechanical characteristics. Phakic eyes with epiretinal membrane (ERM) were prospectively allocated to (i) cataract surgery and subsequent PPV (CAT group), (ii) PPV and subsequent cataract surgery (VIT group) or (iii) phacovitrectomy (COMBI group). Eyes were examined at baseline, 1 month after each surgery, and at 3 and 12 months follow-up. Corneal endothelium cell density (CED) was assessed with non-contact specular microscopy. Pachymetry [central cornea thickness (CCT)], keratometry and cornea volume (CV) were measured with Pentacam Scheimpflug camera. Primary outcome was change in CED after 12 months; secondary outcomes were changes in CCT and CV after 12 months. Sixty-two eyes were enrolled and allocated to the three groups. The mean preoperative CED was 2776, 2794 and 2653 cells/mm(2,) which decreased significantly at 12 months by 15.3, 20.0 and 19.3% in the CAT, VIT and COMBI group. There was no significant difference in percentage cell loss between the groups at final follow-up. The CED decreased significantly after cataract surgery, but was unaffected by PPV. Central cornea thickness (CCT) increased by 10 μm (p = 0.005) and CV by 1.38 mm(3) (2.3%, p < 0.001) in the COMBI group. There were no significant differences in CCT or CV between the groups at final follow-up. Combined and sequential surgery in ERM leads to a small decrease in CED. Performing cataract surgery before, after or in combination with vitrectomy did not make any significant difference with respect to final CED, CCT or CV. © 2017 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Neodymium:yttrium-aluminum garnet capsulotomy rates after combined cataract surgery with implantation of a 4% water content hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens and vitrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kabata Y

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Yoshiaki Kabata,1 Genichiro Takahashi,1 Hiroshi Tsuneoka21Department of Ophthalmology, Jikei University School of Medicine, Katsushika Medical Center, 2Department of Ophthalmology, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, JapanBackground: The purpose of this study was to examine neodymium:yttrium-aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG capsulotomy rates after combined cataract surgery with implantation of a three-piece 4% water content hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens (X-70, Eternity® and vitrectomy, and compare diabetic retinopathy with nondiabetic retinopathy.Methods: Nd:YAG capsulotomy rates were evaluated for 72 eyes of 72 patients with diabetic retinopathy and 81 eyes of 81 patients with nondiabetic retinopathy (50 eyes with retinal detachment, 13 eyes with macular hole, nine eyes with epiretinal membrane, seven eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion, and two eyes with uveitis who underwent combined cataract surgery and vitrectomy and implantation of X-70.Results: Two years after combination surgery, four of 72 eyes (5.6% in the diabetic retinopathy group and four of 81 eyes (5.0% in the nondiabetic retinopathy group required Nd:YAG capsulotomies. Kaplan–Meier survival analysis showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups (P=0.30, Mantel–Cox log-rank test.Conclusion: The rate of Nd:YAG capsulotomy did not significantly differ between diabetic retinopathy and nondiabetic retinopathy after combined cataract surgery with implantation of the X-70 and vitrectomy. X-70 is an acceptable intraocular lens for patients undergoing combined cataract surgery and vitrectomy.Keywords: Nd:YAG capsulotomy rates, combined surgery, diabetic retinopathy, hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens

  13. Prognostic significance of the combined expression of neutral endopeptidase and dipeptidyl peptidase IV in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients after surgery resection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu JY

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Jianyong Zhu,1,* XiaoDong Guo,2,* Baoan Qiu,1 Zhiyan Li,2 Nianxin Xia,1 Yingxiang Yang,1 Peng Liu1 1Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Navy General Hospital, PLA, Beijing, People's Republic of China; 2302 Hospital of PLA, Beijing, People's Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the expression of neutral endopeptidase (NEP and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV proteins, and the clinical significance of the two proteins in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (IHCC. Methods: Expression patterns and subcellular localizations of NEP and DPP IV proteins in 186 primary IHCC and 60 noncancerous liver tissue specimens were detected by immunohistochemistry. Results: Both the expression of NEP and DPP IV proteins in IHCC tissues were significantly higher than those in noncancerous liver tissues (both P<0.001. Of 186 patients with IHCC, 128 (68.82% highly expressed both NEP and DPP IV proteins. In addition, the coexpression of NEP and DPP IV proteins was significantly associated with advanced tumor stage (P=0.009, positive lymph node metastasis (P=0.016 and distant metastasis (P=0.013, and the presence of recurrence (P=0.027. Moreover, Kaplan–Meier analysis showed that IHCC patients with high NEP expression, high DPP IV expression, and combined overexpression of NEP and DPP IV proteins all had poorer overall survival and early recurrence after surgery. Furthermore, Cox analysis suggested that NEP expression, DPP IV expression, and combined expression of NEP and DPP IV proteins were all independent prognostic markers for overall survival and recurrence-free survival in patients with IHCC. Conclusion: Our data suggest, for the first time, that both the expression of NEP and DPP IV proteins may be upregulated in human IHCC tissues and the combined expression of NEP and DPP IV proteins may play important roles in progression and prognosis of patients

  14. Suburethral sling procedures after previous surgery for urinary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective. To compare the outcome of suburethral sling procedures (tension-free vaginal tape (TVT), obturator tape (Ob-tape)) for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women with previous surgery for SUI or pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Methods. A comparative, descriptive, retrospective study was done using information ...

  15. Review: The laparoscopic approach to pelvic floor surgery ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Laparoscopy offers great exposure and surgical detail, reduces blood loss and the need for excessive abdominal packing and bowel manipulation making it an excellent modality to perform pelvic floor surgery. Laparoscopic repair of level I or apical vaginal prolapse may be challenging, due to the need for extensive ...

  16. Recent advances in robotic surgery in female urology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Hyun Hwan; Park, Bong Hee; Ryu, Dong Soo; Lee, Kyu Sung

    2013-12-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse and lower urinary tract fistulas are two disorders frequently managed in female urology. New techniques have been adapted and improved to decrease morbidity and improve clinical outcomes of these disorders. The adaptation of minimally-invasive approaches for the management of pelvic organ prolapse and lower urinary tract fistulas began with laparoscopy. However, laparoscopic surgery has not gained widespread popularity as a result of the associated technical challenges, such as intracorporeal suturing and pelvic dissection. Robotic surgery has been widely carried out in urological oncology since 2001, and has been widely adapted because of its advantages over conventional laparoscopy for the management of pelvic organ prolapse and lower urinary tract fistulas. The current literature has shown the safety, feasibility and favorable clinical outcomes of robotic surgery for the treatment of these disorders. Robotic surgery in the management of pelvic organ prolapse and lower urinary tract fistula repairs might offer a promising advancement and benefits. However, further long-term data should be followed to assess the durability of this newer, and minimally-invasive approach. © 2013 The Japanese Urological Association.

  17. [Therapeutic effect of acupuncture on postoperative recovery of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yan-qing; Liu, Yan-qing

    2006-08-01

    To evaluate therapeutic effect of comprehensive therapy of acupuncture as main in postoperative recovery of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc. Seventy-seven cases were randomly divided into an observation group (n = 40) and a control group (n = 37). The observation group were treated with acupuncture at Shenshu (BL 23), Dachangshu (BL 25), Baliao (BL 31, BL32, BL33, BL 34), Zhibian (BL 54) combined with polarized light, and the control group with western medicine dikeleke 75 mg, once daily. They were treated for 1 month. The cure-markedly effective rate was 95.0% in the observation group and 75.7% in the control group with a significant difference between the two groups (Pprolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc.

  18. The Development of a Decision Aid with a Multi Criterial Analytic Approach for Women with Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hulbæk, Mette; Primdahl, Jette; Nielsen, Jesper Bo

    The Development of a Decision Aid with a Multi Criterial Analytic Approach for Women with Pelvic Organ Prolapse.......The Development of a Decision Aid with a Multi Criterial Analytic Approach for Women with Pelvic Organ Prolapse....

  19. Reliability and Identification of Aortic Valve Prolapse in the Horse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hallowell Gayle D

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The objectives were to determine and assess the reliability of criteria for identification of aortic valve prolapse (AVP using echocardiography in the horse. Results Opinion of equine cardiologists indicated that a long-axis view of the aortic valve (AoV was most commonly used for identification of AVP (46%; n=13. There was consensus that AVP could be mimicked by ultrasound probe malignment. This was confirmed in 7 healthy horses, where the appearance of AVP could be induced by malalignment. In a study of a further 8 healthy horses (5 with AVP examined daily for 5 days, by two echocardiographers standardized imaging guidelines gave good to excellent agreement for the assessment of AVP (kappa>0.80 and good agreement between days and observers (kappa >0.6. The technique allowed for assessment of the degree of prolapse and measurement of the prolapse distance that provided excellent agreement between echocardiographers, days and observers (kappa/ICC>0.8. Assessments made using real-time zoomed images provided similar measurements to the standard views (ICC=0.9, with agreement for the identification of AVP (kappa>0.8. Short axis views of the AoV were used for identification of AVP by fewer respondents (23%, however provided less agreement for the identification of AVP (kappa>0.6 and only adequate agreement with observations made in long axis (kappa>0.5, with AVP being identified more often in short axis (92% compared to long axis (76%. Orthogonal views were used by 31% of respondents to identify the presence of AVP, and 85% to identify cusp. Its identification on both views on 4 days was used to categorise horses as having AVP, providing a positive predictive value of 79% and negative predictive value of 18%. Only the non-coronary cusp (NCC of the AoV was observed to prolapse in these studies. Prolapse of the NCC was confirmed during the optimisation study using four-dimensional echocardiography, which concurred with the findings

  20. Failures and complications in pelvic floor surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashok, Kiran; Petri, Eckhard

    2012-08-01

    To review current literature on the failures of different surgical approaches in pelvic floor surgery, in particular the use of alloplastic materials, and to analyze complications related to them. A Medline search was performed to retrieve English language literature (from the year 1995 to 2011) on the success rates, failures, and complications profiles of pelvic floor surgery. Search terms used are "pelvic organ prolapse," "stress urinary incontinence," "complications," "vaginal mesh," "mid-urethral slings," and "colposuspension." The review includes surgical techniques for the correction of pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence. Failure rates and complications in different studies are compiled and analyzed. Use of synthetic materials in pelvic organ prolapse surgery has reduced surgical failures but it is associated with an increased risk of complications compared to traditional surgical repairs. Synthetic mid-urethral slings for stress urinary incontinence seem to have good success rates over long term, but they have unique complication profile including de novo development of overactive bladder, voiding dysfunction, sling exposures, dyspareunia, and long-term pain. However, some of these complications seem to be related to wrong surgical indications and improper surgical techniques, although some complications may be directly related to the use of synthetic material itself. Use of synthetic materials in pelvic floor surgery has definitely reduced surgical failures, but at the same time, it is associated with an increased risk of complications (some of which are unique to synthetic materials) compared to traditional surgical repairs.

  1. Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy with transcervical morcellation and sacrocervicopexy for the treatment of uterine prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dessie, Sybil G; Park, Michele; Rosenblatt, Peter L

    2016-01-01

    The objective is to describe our surgical approach for management of uterine prolapse using 5-mm skin incisions and transcervical morcellation. This video presents a novel approach for laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, and sacrocervicopexy using only 5-mm skin incisions and transcervical morcellation. The procedure begins with a laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy with bilateral salpingectomy. A classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy (CISH) instrument is then used transvaginally to core the endocervical canal. A disposable morcellator is placed through the remaining cervix to morcellate the uterus and fallopian tubes. Following morcellation, the handle of the morcellator is removed, and it is used during the remainder of the surgery as an access cannula for the sacrocervicopexy. The polypropylene mesh is introduced through this cannula. It is secured to the anterior and posterior vaginal fascia with a suture that is also introduced through the transcervical port. At the conclusion of the surgery, a previously placed 0 Vicryl purse-string suture at the ectocervix is tied down as a cerclage around the cervix once the cannula is removed. The transcervical morcellation technique demonstrated in this video allows the surgeon to maintain 5-mm skin incisions and core the endocervical canal during a laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy with sacrocervicopexy.

  2. Outcomes of vaginal hysterectomy for uterovaginal prolapse: a population-based, retrospective, cross-sectional study of patient perceptions of results including sexual activity, urinary symptoms, and provided care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Löfgren Mats

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Vaginal hysterectomy is often used to correct uterovaginal prolapse, however, there is little information regarding outcomes after surgery in routine clinical practice. The objective of this study was to investigate complications, sexual activity, urinary symptoms, and satisfaction with health care after vaginal hysterectomy due to prolapse. Methods We analyzed data from the Swedish National Register for Gynecological Surgery (SNRGS from January 1997 to August 2005. Women participating in the SNRGS were asked to complete surveys at two and six months postoperatively. Of 941 women who underwent vaginal hysterectomy for uterovaginal prolapse, 791 responded to questionnaires at two months and 682 at six months. Complications during surgery and hospital stay were investigated. The two-month questionnaire investigated complications after discharge, and patients' satisfaction with their health care. Sexual activity and urinary symptoms were reported and compared in preoperative and six-month postoperative questionnaires. Results Almost 60% of women reported normal activity of daily life (ADL within one week of surgery, irrespective of their age. Severe complications occurred in 3% and were mainly intra-abdominal bleeding and vaginal vault hematomas. Six months postoperative, sexual activity had increased for 20% (p = 0.006 of women and urinary urgency was reduced for 50% (p = 0.001; however, 14% (n = 76 of women developed urinary incontinence, 76% (n = 58 of whom reported urinary stress incontinence. Patients were satisfied with the postoperative result in 93% of cases and 94% recommended the surgery. Conclusion Vaginal hysterectomy is a patient-evaluated efficient treatment for uterovaginal prolapse with swift recovery and a low rate of complication. Sexual activity and symptoms of urinary urgency were improved. However, 14% developed incontinence, mainly urinary stress incontinence (11%. Therefore efforts to disclose latent

  3. Prolapso de órganos pélvicos The pelvic organs prolapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio José García López

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El prolapso de órganos pélvicos se constituye en una de las indicaciones más frecuentes de cirugía ginecológica y se calcula que se han realizado más de 0.5 millones de procedimientos al año en Estados Unidos. El prolapso de órganos pélvicos a menudo no se hace sintomático hasta que el segmento descendido atraviesa el introito, y en otras ocasiones no se reconoce hasta que está en etapa terminal. Existen múltiples factores que favorecen el prolapso entre los que se encuentran el parto, los trastornos del tejido conectivo, neuropatías, factores congénitos y todos aquellos que conduzcan a un aumento de la presión intraabdominal como la obesidad, tos, ejercicio, etc. Cada uno de los componentes del prolapso de órganos pélvicos, bien sea del compartimiento anterior, medio o posterior, se clasifica por etapas o grados y la sintomatología de cada uno de ellos está directamente relacionada con la epata, siendo más sintomáticos aquellos con un grado más avanzado. La historia clínica, el examen ginecológico y las diversas ayudas diagnósticas se constituyen en la base primordial que darán las pautas para identificar el problema, seleccionar el tratamiento adecuado para cada paciente y lograr el éxito deseado por el médico y esperado por la paciente. The pelvic organs prolapse is constituted in one of the indications most frequently happen in gynaecological surgery and is calculated than they have been accomplished more than 0.5 million of procedures per year in The United States. The pelvic organs prolapse often is not made symptomatic until the descended segment crosses the introito, and in other occasions is not recognized until it is in terminal stage. Exist multiple factors that favor for the prolapse between those which are found the delivery, the disorders of the conective structure, damage to the innervation, congenital factors and all those that drive to an increase in the pressure intraabdominal as the obesity, cough

  4. [Anterior approach sacrospinous colpopexy in a patient with vaginal vault prolapse, stress urinary incontinence and cystocoele with lateral defect].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malinowski, Andrzej; Bobin, Leszek; Maciołek-Blewniewska, Grazyna

    2006-03-01

    We present a case of vaginal vault prolapse after hysterectomy associated with cystocoele with central and lateral defect and stress urinary incontinence, that was treated surgically with employment of sacrospinous colpopexy through anterior approach (from paravesical space), combined with anterior colporrhaphy by double TOT approach method (that is a butterfly-shaped polipropylen mesh, which arms were carried through upper and lower parts of obturator foramens by tension-free method). There were no postoperative complications. A control examination at 1 and 3 months after the operation showed maintenance of normal anatomic relations, which were obtained as a result of repair, total control of urinary continence and full patient's satisfaction from the operation.

  5. A Novel Operative Procedure for Pelvic Organ Prolapse Utilizing a MRI-Visible Mesh Implant: Safety and Outcome of Modified Laparoscopic Bilateral Sacropexy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ralf Joukhadar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Sacropexy is a generally applied treatment of prolapse, yet there are known possible complications of it. An essential need exists for better alloplastic materials. Methods. Between April 2013 and June 2014, we performed a modified laparoscopic bilateral sacropexy (MLBS in 10 patients using a MRI-visible PVDF mesh implant. Selected patients had prolapse POP-Q stages II-III and concomitant OAB. We studied surgery-related morbidity, anatomical and functional outcome, and mesh-visibility in MRI. Mean follow-up was 7.4 months. Results. Concomitant colporrhaphy was conducted in 1/10 patients. Anatomical success was defined as POP-Q stage 0-I. Apical success rate was 100% and remained stable. A recurrent cystocele was seen in 1/10 patients during follow-up without need for intervention. Out of 6 (6/10 patients with preoperative SUI, 5/6 were healed and 1/6 persisted. De-novo SUI was seen in 1/10 patients. Complications requiring a relaparoscopy were seen in 2/10 patients. 8/10 patients with OAB were relieved postoperatively. The first in-human magnetic resonance visualization of a prolapse mesh implant was performed and showed good quality of visualization. Conclusion. MLBS is a feasible and safe procedure with favorable anatomical and functional outcome and good concomitant healing rates of SUI and OAB. Prospective data and larger samples are required.

  6. Oncoplastic breast surgery combining periareolar mammoplasty with volume displacement using a crescent-shaped cutaneous flap for early breast cancer in the upper quadrant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kijima, Yuko; Yoshinaka, Heiji; Hirata, Munetsugu; Nakajo, Akihiro; Arima, Hideo; Ishigami, Sumiya; Ueno, Shinichi; Natsugoe, Shoji

    2013-08-01

    Oncoplastic breast surgery (OBS), which combines the concepts of oncological and plastic surgery, is becoming more common, especially in Western countries; however, only a few reports have been published in Japan. We herein report the results of OBS for Japanese patients with early breast cancer in the upper quadrant. We performed oncoplastic surgery combining partial mastectomy using a periareolar incision with immediate breast reshaping using a crescent-shaped cutaneous flap in three patients with a past history of breast-feeding, ptotic breasts and lesions that were suitable for breast conserving surgery. The lesions were located in the upper quadrant and were 5, 6 and 10 cm from the nipple, respectively. The total length of the operations ranged between 86 and 192 min, with the mean being 164 min. Two patients underwent contralateral surgery to produce symmetrical breasts and one did not. The plastic period after receiving pathological results intraoperatively ranged between 47 and 120 min, with the mean period being 82 min. The observation period ranged between 6 and 12 months, and the cosmetic results were excellent in all three cases. OBS combining partial mastectomy using a periareolar incision with immediate breast reshaping using a crescent-shaped cutaneous flap was successfully performed in patients with early cancer in the upper quadrant.

  7. Clinical evaluation of combination therapy for biventricular pacing after cardiac surgery in patients with intractable heart failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakamoto, Shigeru; Matsubara, Junichi; Nagayoshi, Yasuhiro; Nishizawa, Hisateru; Takeuchi, Katsunori; Nonaka, Toshimichi

    2005-12-01

    We examined the effectiveness of combination therapy for biventricular pacing after cardiac surgery. We performed biventricular pacing in seven patients until April 2003. The diagnosis of the patients was ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) in four patients and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in three patients. The implantation method of biventricular pacing was performed with a myocardial electrode through a median sternotomy. DDD-R and SSI-R were used to perform biventricular pacing. A Y-adapter was connected to a generator so that the 2 leads could be implanted in both the right ventricles (RV) and left ventricles (LV). The clinical symptoms were New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification of 3.7+/-0.3 preoperatively and 1.8+/-0.6 postoperatively, showing a significant improvement (p<0.001). The cardiac index (CI) was 1.9+/-0.2 L/min/m2 preoperatively and 3.0+/-0.6 L/min/m2 postoperatively (p<0.05). The pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) was 19.5+/-2.6 mmHg preoperatively and 13.6+/-2.0 mmHg postoperatively, showing a significant improvement (p<0.05). The intracardiac potential and threshold values were: left atrium 1.9+/-1.0 mV, threshold value (PW: 0.45 msec) 2.1+/-0.6 V, LV 4.9+/-4.23 mV, threshold value (PW: 0.45 msec) 2.2+/-1.51 V, and RV 3.6+/-0.9 V, threshold value (PW: 0.45 msec) 2.0+/-0.7 V. The LV and RV threshold values were high. The QRS interval improved from 158.4+/-18.0 msec preoperatively to 110+/-13.4 msec postoperatively, showing a significant reduction. This combination therapy when compared to the use of the biventricular pacing method used at the current time, does have the risks of cardiac surgery, but the clinical symptoms and hemodynamic performance improvement are great.

  8. Local control and survival in patients with soft tissue sarcomas treated with limb sparing surgery in combination with interstitial brachytherapy and external radiation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhic, A.; Hovgaard, D.; Mork, Petersen M.

    2008-01-01

    %. Nineteen (49%) patients suffered from some degree of decreased force or function of the affected extremity, 16 (41%) suffered from oedema, 12 (31%) had persistent pain, 8 (21%) suffered from wound complications, and in 4 (10%) of these patients plastic surgery were required. CONCLUSION: Limb sparing......PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate local control, survival and complication rate after treatment of soft tissue sarcoma (STS) with limb-sparing surgery combined with pulsed-dose rate (PDR) interstitial brachytherapy (BRT) and external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS......: A retrospective review of 39 adult patients (female/male=25/14, mean age 51(range 21-78) years) with STS who underwent primary limb-sparing surgery combined with PDR BRT (20Gy) and additional post-operative EBRT (50Gy) during the years 1995-2004. RESULTS: Five patients developed local recurrence after a mean...

  9. Rupture of Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm Associated with Left Ventricular Noncompaction and Mitral Valve Prolapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinan Aydoğdu

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available We report a 27-year-old patient with ruptured sinus Valsalva aneurysm (SVA, left ventricular noncompaction and mitral valve prolapse. Whether the coexistence of ruptured SVA, left ventricular noncompaction and mitral valve prolapse is coincidental or due to a defect in a common developmental pathway requires further research.

  10. Rectal prolapse and anal incontinence treated with a modified Roscoe Graham operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klaaborg, K E; Qvist, N; Kronborg, O

    1985-01-01

    The results of abdominal mobilization of the rectum and repair of the pelvic floor behind the anorectal junction are reported in 23 patients with rectal prolapse, being accompanied by some form of anal incontinence in 12. Within 20 months, on the average, three patients had recurrent prolapse. Two...

  11. Moderate exercise does not increase the severity of mitral regurgitation due to mitral valve prolapse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pecini, Redi; Dalsgaard, Morten; Møller, Daniel Vega

    2010-01-01

    Mitral regurgitation (MR) secondary to ischemic heart disease (IHD) increases during exercise. We tested the hypothesis that the same is also true for MR due to mitral valve prolapse (MVP).......Mitral regurgitation (MR) secondary to ischemic heart disease (IHD) increases during exercise. We tested the hypothesis that the same is also true for MR due to mitral valve prolapse (MVP)....

  12. Mitral Valve Prolapse in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania: Clinical and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Mitral Valve Prolapse is a common, usually a benign disease. If recognized early, it has a good prognosis and saves the doctor and patients from embarrassing mismanagement. Broad Objective: To determine the prevalence of Mitral Valve Prolapse among patients referred to our cardiac clinic with provisional ...

  13. Long-term quality-of-life outcome after mesh sacrocolpopexy for vaginal vault prolapse.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Thomas, Arun Z

    2009-12-01

    To evaluate the long-term outcome of mesh sacrocolpopexy (MSC, which aims to restore normal pelvic floor anatomy to alleviate prolapse related symptoms) and its effect on patient\\'s quality of life, as women with vaginal vault prolapse commonly have various pelvic floor symptoms that can affect urinary, rectal and sexual function.

  14. Validation of the prolapse quality-of-life questionnaire (P-QOL): An ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background. The prolapse quality-of-life questionnaire (P-QOL) has been validated and translated into eight languages. The lack of an Afrikaans version of the P-QOL limits studies in Afrikaans-speaking patients with pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Objective. To validate an Afrikaans version of the P-QOL in a South African ...

  15. Tissue engineering as a potential alternative or adjunct to surgical reconstruction in treating pelvic organ prolapse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boennelycke, M; Gräs, Søren; Lose, G

    2013-01-01

    Cell-based tissue engineering strategies could potentially provide attractive alternatives to surgical reconstruction of native tissue or the use of surgical implants in treating pelvic organ prolapse (POP).......Cell-based tissue engineering strategies could potentially provide attractive alternatives to surgical reconstruction of native tissue or the use of surgical implants in treating pelvic organ prolapse (POP)....

  16. Delorme’s Procedure for Complete Rectal Prolapse: A Study of Recurrence Patterns in the Long Term

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Placer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The objective of this study was to determine the recurrence rate and associated risk factors of full-thickness rectal prolapse in the long term after Delorme’s procedure. Patients and Methods. The study involved adult patients with rectal prolapse treated with Delorme’s surgery between 2000 and 2012 and followed up prospectively in an outpatient unit. We assessed epidemiological data, Wexner constipation and incontinence score, recurrence patterns, and risk factors. Data were analyzed by univariate and multivariate studies and follow-up was performed according to Kaplan-Meier technique. The primary outcome was recurrence. Results. A total of 42 patients, where 71.4% (n=30 were women, with a median age of 76 years (IQR 66 to 86, underwent Delorme’s surgery. The median follow-up was 85 months (IQR 28 to 132. There was no mortality, and morbidity was 9.5%. Recurrence occurred in five patients (12% within 14 months after surgery. Actuarial recurrence at five years was 9.9%. According to the univariate analysis, constipation and concomitant pelvic floor repair were the only factors found to be associated with recurrence. Multivariate analysis showed no statistically significant differences among variables studied. Kaplan-Meier estimate revealed that constipation was associated with a higher risk of recurrence (log-rank test, p=0.006. Conclusions. Delorme’s procedure is a safe technique with an actuarial recurrence at five years of 9.9%. The outcomes obtained in this study support the performance of concomitant postanal repair and levatorplasty to reduce recurrences. Also, severe constipation is associated with a higher recurrence rate.

  17. Effects of pelvic organ prolapse repair on urinary symptoms: a comparative study between the laparoscopic and vaginal approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramanah, Rajeev; Ballester, Marcos; Chereau, Elisabeth; Rouzier, Roman; Daraï, Emile

    2012-01-01

    To compare changes in urinary symptoms before and after pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery, using either laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) or transvaginal porcine dermis hammock placement with sacrospinous ligament suspension (VS). Data were prospectively collected from all women undergoing POP surgery between May 2001 and October 2009. Pre- and postoperative urinary symptoms, Urinary Distress Inventory (UDI), and Urinary Impact Questionnaires (UIQ) scores were compared within and between groups. A generalized linear model was used for multivariate analysis. Out of the 151 patients included, 87 patients underwent LSC, and 64 VS. Overall, after a median follow-up of 32.4 months, POP surgery improved urinary frequency (P = 0.006), voiding difficulty (P = 0.001), stress urinary incontinence (SUI) (P = 0.001), but not urgency (P = 0.29). VS was more effective in treating SUI (P surgery. However, LSC significantly improved UDI (P = 0.03) with no effect on UIQ (P = 0.29) scores while VS significantly improved both scores (P = 0.02 and 0.001, respectively). Upon multivariate analysis, only the improvement in the impact of urinary symptoms on daily living was independently associated to VS (OR = 5.45 [95% confidence interval 2.20-13.44], P = 0.01). Most preoperative urinary symptoms decreased after POP surgery with equivalent proportion of de novo symptoms after vaginal and laparoscopic approaches. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. Combination of hydroxyapatite, platelet rich fibrin and amnion membrane as a novel therapeutic option in regenerative periapical endodontic surgery: Case series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uday Kiran Uppada

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion: The results of this case seriessubstantiatesthe credibility of using a combination ofamnion membrane with a bone graft and PRF to enhance radiographic healing outcome with decreased post-operative discomfort and present a viable regenerative treatment modality in periapical surgery.

  19. Curative Metatarsal Bone Surgery Combined with Intralesional Administration of Recombinant Human Epidermal Growth Factor in Diabetic Neuropathic Ulceration of the Forefoot: A Prospective, Open, Uncontrolled, Nonrandomized, Observational Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aristides L. Garcia Herrera, MD, PhD

    2017-01-01

    Conclusions: The combination of curative metatarsal bone surgery with intralesional administration of recombinant human EGF resulted in a significant reduction in the re-epithelization time, recidivism, and development of new diabetic lesions. The safety profile was appropriate. However, more randomized, triple-blind, and placebo trials are needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this new therapy.

  20. Adjuvant dendritic cells vaccine combined with cytokine-induced-killer cell therapy after renal cell carcinoma surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Kai; Tan, Jian-Ming; Wu, Wei-Zhen; Qiu, Yu-Miao; Zhang, Hui; Xu, Ting-Zhao; Sun, Xing-Hui; Zhuo, Wen-Li; Wang, Dong; Zhang, Jian-Ping

    2015-01-01

    To observe the efficacy and side effects of adjuvant dendritic cells' (DCs) vaccine combined with cytokine-induced killer cell (CIK) therapy after renal cell carcinoma (RCC) surgery (RCCS). DCs vaccine and CIK that loaded the autologous tumor cell lysate were prepared in vitro. Four hundred and ten RCC patients were recruited, and the study group was given DCs-CIK immunotherapy, while the control group was given IFN-α therapy. Disease progression (recurrence, metastasis or death) showed significant differences between the two groups in clinical stage I and II patients, as well as in highly and moderately differentiated disease (pdisease (p>0.05). The 3- and 5-year overall survival rates of the DCs-CIK group (96% and 96%, respectively) exhibited significant difference compared to the IFN-α group (83% and 74%, respectively (p<0.01). Progression-free survival (PFS) between the two groups was significantly different (p<0.01). Tumor stage and DCs-CIK treatment were independent factors concerning prognosis of RCC (p<0.05). There was no severe toxicity observed in the DCs-CIK treatment group. Adjuvant post-RCCS DCs-CIK treatment prolonged PFS and reduced mortality, showing better overall activity compared to interferon treatment.

  1. [A Case of Subacute Combined Degeneration Caused by Vitamin B12 Deficiency in a Cervical Spondylosis Surgery Referral].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokoyama, Kunio; Kawanishi, Masahiro; Sugie, Akira; Yamada, Makoto; Tanaka, Hidekazu; Ito, Yutaka; Kuroiwa, Toshihiko

    2016-12-01

    A 62-year-old man with a 1-year history of numbness of the extremities, clumsiness, and gait disorder was diagnosed with cervical spondylotic myelopathy at a neighboring clinic and referred to our institution for surgery. The patient had undergone a total gastrectomy 6 years previously. Flattening of the cervical cord, associated with diffuse cervical spondylosis and intramedullary intensity change, was observed on magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine. Neurological examination revealed decreased vibratory and position sense in all limbs, with posterior funiculus-based neurological symptoms. Blood biochemistry revealed decreased vitamin B12(VB12)levels and megaloblastic anemia. On the basis of these findings, the patient was diagnosed with subacute combined degeneration(SCD). The patient was treated with VB12 for 3 months; the gait disorder resolved and the intramedullary intensity changes in the posterior column of the medulla oblongata, thoracicus, and spinal cord were no longer observed. SCD is a pathological condition in which recovery of neurological function may be achieved through early administration of VB12. In some cases, it is difficult to differentiate between this condition and cervical spondylotic myelopathy because both diseases exhibit progressive spinal symptoms. The medical history and results of neurological evaluations of the patient are important for an accurate diagnosis, and should therefore not be overlooked.

  2. Virtual endoscopy combined with intraoperative neuronavigation for planning of endoscopic surgery in patients with occlusive hydrocephalus and intracranial cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krombach, G.A.; Haage, P.; Kilbinger, M. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Technology, Aachen (Germany); Rohde, V. [Department of Neurosurgery, University of Technology, Aachen (Germany); Struffert, T. [Department of Neuroradiology, University of Technology, Aachen (Germany); Department of Neuroradiology, University of Saarland, Homburg (Germany); Thron, A. [Department of Neuroradiology, University of Technology, Aachen (Germany)

    2002-04-01

    We assessed the clinical value of MR ventriculoscopy (virtual endoscopy, VE) combined with image-guided frameless stereotaxy for endoscopic surgery of occlusive hydrocephalus and intracranial cysts. VE was obtained in 20 patients with hydrocephalus and three with intracranial cysts. All surgical operations were endoscopic. The path of the rigid endoscope to the target point was planned using neuronavigation. VE was carried out along the same trajectory retrospectively in 20 cases and prospectively in three. The results were analysed for demonstration of anatomical landmarks and structures at risk. VE was successful in all patients. Possible obstacles to endoscopic access to the lamina terminalis and the basal cisterns and structures at risk, such as the basilar artery, were clearly shown in relation to the direction of the endoscope. However, the floor of the third ventricle and septum pellucidum were not clearly seen and possible abnormalities could therefore not be appreciated. VE can provide realistic simulation of endoscopic third ventriculostomy and cystostomy. The appropriate trepanation point and trajectory of the endoscope can be assessed with regard to the size of the foramen of Monro and the position of vulnerable structures. This simulated trajectory can be adapted to the field of operation by image-guided neuronavigation. This regime may potentially reduce the risk of damage to intracranial structures. (orig.)

  3. Combination of hand-held probe and microscopy for fluorescence guided surgery in the brain tumor marginal zone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richter, Johan C O; Haj-Hosseini, Neda; Hallbeck, Martin; Wårdell, Karin

    2017-06-01

    Visualization of the tumor is crucial for differentiating malignant tissue from healthy brain during surgery, especially in the tumor marginal zone. The aim of the study was to introduce a fluorescence spectroscopy-based hand-held probe (HHF-probe) for tumor identification in combination with the fluorescence guided resection surgical microscope (FGR-microscope), and evaluate them in terms of diagnostic performance and practical aspects of fluorescence detection. Eighteen operations were performed on 16 patients with suspected high-grade glioma. The HHF-probe and the FGR-microscope were used for detection of protoporphyrin (PpIX) fluorescence induced by 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and evaluated against histopathological analysis and visual grading done through the FGR-microscope by the surgeon. A ratio of PpIX fluorescence intensity to the autofluorescence intensity (fluorescence ratio) was used to quantify the spectra detected by the probe. Fluorescence ratio medians (range 0 - 40) measured by the probe were related to the intensity of the fluorescence in the FGR-microscope, categorized as "none" (0.3, n=131), "weak" (1.6, n=34) and "strong" (5.4, n=28). Of 131 "none" points in the FGR-microscope, 88 (67%) exhibited fluorescence with the HHF-probe. For the tumor marginal zone, the area under the receiver operator characteristics (ROC) curve was 0.49 for the FGR-microscope and 0.65 for the HHF-probe. The probe was integrated in the established routine of tumor resection using the FGR-microscope. The HHF-probe was superior to the FGR-microscope in sensitivity; it detected tumor remnants after debulking under the FGR-microscope. The combination of the HHF-probe and the FGR-microscope was beneficial especially in the tumor marginal zone. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Prolapse of the lumber vertebral disk - correlation of CT and myelographic findings with surgical findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hackenbroch, M.H.; Waldecker, B.; Proemper, K.H.

    1983-02-01

    Side by side with myelography, computed tomography is growing in importance as far as the diagnosis of the lumbar compression syndrome is concerned. From May 1980 to the end of April 1982, the authors employed at the Cologne University Clinic of Orthopaedics in 176 patients operated either for the first time or several times, myelography alone in 54 cases, and myelography combined with computed tomography in 98 cases, whereas computed tomography alone was used 24 times, in each case for the purpose of preoperative diagnosis. An epicritical analysis of the two last-named groups of examinations, basing on the findings made as a result of the operation, showed that computed tomography was superior in respect of the accuracy in determining the level and affected side of the compression. Two CT examinations only could not be utilised for technical reasons. Nine false-positive or false-negative cases (plus two examinations which were useless for technical reasons) were seen among the 98 myelographies of the patient group in question. Besides the equivalent information given by computed tomography in respect of the level and side of the compression, CT supplies additional information regarding constriction of the vertebral canal, defined osseous stenoses, preference for a particular side and site of prolapsed disk tissue, and on the cause of the compression in case there is a considerable stoppage of contrast medium. Computed tomography is better suited than myelography in the immediate post-operative phase for follow-up examination which are aimed at differentiating renewed prolapses, haemorrhages, or cicatrised changes. Provided there is enough capacity for examination, it seems possible that the noninvasive computed tomography will eventually replace invasive myelography as a routine examination method in case of relevant indications.

  5. Development of a culturally specific assessment tool for pelvic organ prolapse in a Mayan population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overcash, Rachael T; Macri, Charles J

    2011-01-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition that can significantly affect a woman's life, including her sexual, urinary, and social functioning. In Guatemala, anecdotal evidence suggests that the daily activities of Mayan women contribute to and worsen the degree of pelvic organ prolapse. The objective of this research was to develop a culturally specific assessment tool to better evaluate how pelvic organ prolapse affects the daily activities of Mayan women in rural Guatemala. A survey was created entitled a Culturally Specific Assessment Tool for Pelvic Organ Prolapse (CSAT-POP). The survey was administered to a 19 Mayan women with various degrees of pelvic organ prolapse in Montellano, Guatemala. Participants were asked using a Likert scale about how their pelvic organ prolapse affected their ability to perform 7 culturally specific activities of daily living. The survey was administered through an on-site interpreter who translated the CSAT-POP into Spanish and Quiché. Nineteen women were assessed using the CSAT-POP. Their mean age was 49.2 ± 28 years, and the median parity was 6.8 children (range 1-11). Three culturally specific activities: performing vigorous activities, gathering wood, and carrying water, were identified as the activities most impacted by pelvic organ prolapse. Of the participants, 15-20% were unable to perform these activities on a daily basis. However, preparing food, washing clothes, and caring for children were the activities reported by women with pelvic organ prolapse which required the least amount of assistance. The CSAT-POP identified several activities specific to the rural Mayan community in Guatemala which are difficult to perform with pelvic organ prolapse. By using culturally specific activities of daily living, the CSAT-POP allowed for more relevant assessment, identification, and treatment of women with pelvic organ prolapse in Guatemala.

  6. A Comparison of Combined Suprascapular and Axillary Nerve Blocks to Interscalene Nerve Block for Analgesia in Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery: An Equivalence Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhir, Shalini; Sondekoppam, Rakesh V; Sharma, Ranjita; Ganapathy, Sugantha; Athwal, George S

    2016-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to compare the analgesic efficacy of combined suprascapular and axillary nerve block (SSAX) with interscalene block (ISB) after arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Our hypothesis was that ultrasound-guided SSAX would provide postoperative analgesia equivalent to ISB. Sixty adult patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery received either SSAX or ISB prior to general anesthesia, in a randomized fashion. Pain scores, satisfaction, and adverse effects were recorded in the recovery room, 6 hours, 24 hours, and 7 days after surgery. Combined suprascapular and axillary nerve block provided nonequivalent analgesia when compared with ISB at different time points postoperatively, except on postoperative day 7. Interscalene block had better mean static pain score in the recovery room (ISB 1.80 [95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10-2.50] vs SSAX 5.45 [95% CI, 4.40-6.49; P shoulder surgery. While SSAX provides better quality pain relief at rest and fewer adverse effects at 24 hours, ISB provides better analgesia in the immediate postoperative period. For arthroscopic shoulder surgery, SSAX can be a clinically acceptable analgesic option with different analgesic profile compared with ISB.

  7. Comparison of the antiemetic effect of ramosetron with the combination of dexamethasone and ondansetron in middle ear surgery: A double-blind, randomized clinical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sameer Desai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV is a frequent complication of middle ear surgery. Ondansetron has been shown to be effective for early PONV and dexamethasone has been shown to be effective for late PONV. Therefore, a combination of dexamethasone and ondansetron is commonly used for middle ear surgery. This study was conducted to compare the combination of ondansetron and dexamethasone with ramosetron for early and late PONV up to 48 h after middle ear surgery. Methods: One hundred and twenty adults scheduled for middle ear surgery were allocated to receive either dexamethasone 8 mg and ondansetron 4 mg ( n=60 or ramosetron 0.3 mg ( n=60. General anesthesia with inhalation agents was used for all the patients. The incidence and severity of PONV, administration of rescue antiemetic, and the side effects of the antiemetic were documented during the first 48 h after surgery. Results: The incidence of nausea was significantly lower in the dexamethasone and ondansetron group compared to the ramosetron group between 2 and 24 h. The complete response, which is patients with no nausea or vomiting, was significantly more in dexamethasone and ondansetron group compared to ramosetron group between 2 and 24 h and between 24 and 48 h (76% vs. 56%, P=0.02, 93% vs. 81%, P=0.05, respectively. Overall, complete response was more in dexamethasone and ondansetron group compared to ramosetron group (71% vs. 40%, P=0.01. Conclusion: The combination of dexamethasone and ondansetron is superior to ramosetron for prevention of PONV after middle ear surgeries.

  8. A long arm for ultrasound: a combined robotic focused ultrasound setup for magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krafft, Axel J; Jenne, Jürgen W; Maier, Florian; Stafford, R Jason; Huber, Peter E; Semmler, Wolfhard; Bock, Michael

    2010-05-01

    Focused ultrasound surgery (FUS) is a highly precise noninvasive procedure to ablate pathogenic tissue. FUS therapy is often combined with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging as MR imaging offers excellent target identification and allows for continuous monitoring of FUS induced temperature changes. As the dimensions of the ultrasound (US) focus are typically much smaller than the targeted volume, multiple sonications and focus repositioning are interleaved to scan the focus over the target volume. Focal scanning can be achieved electronically by using phased-array US transducers or mechanically by using dedicated mechanical actuators. In this study, the authors propose and evaluate the precision of a combined robotic FUS setup to overcome some of the limitations of the existing MRgFUS systems. Such systems are typically integrated into the patient table of the MR scanner and thus only provide an application of the US wave within a limited spatial range from below the patient. The fully MR-compatible robotic assistance system InnoMotion (InnoMedic GmbH, Herxheim, Germany) was originally designed for MR-guided interventions with needles. It offers five pneumatically driven degrees of freedom and can be moved over a wide range within the bore of the magnet. In this work, the robotic system was combined with a fixed-focus US transducer (frequency: 1.7 MHz; focal length: 68 mm, and numerical aperture: 0.44) that was integrated into a dedicated, in-house developed treatment unit for FUS application. A series of MR-guided focal scanning procedures was performed in a polyacrylamide-egg white gel phantom to assess the positioning accuracy of the combined FUS setup. In animal experiments with a 3-month-old domestic pig, the system's potential and suitability for MRgFUS was tested. In phantom experiments, a total targeting precision of about 3 mm was found, which is comparable to that of the existing MRgFUS systems. Focus positioning could be performed within a few seconds

  9. New combined treatment of surgery, radiotherapy, and reconstruction in head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma in children: the AMORE protocol

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schouwenburg, P. F.; Kupperman, D.; Bakker, F. P.; Blank, L. E.; de Boer, H. B.; Voûte, T. A.

    1998-01-01

    If no complete remission on chemotherapy is reached in head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) in children, adjuvant radiotherapy and/or surgery are indicated. This often causes severe mutilation, and the prognosis is poor. Ablative surgery, moulage technique with afterloading brachytherapy, and

  10. Combined Fascia Iliaca and Sciatic Nerve Block for Hip Surgery in the Presence of Severe Ankylosing Spondylitis: A Case-Based Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Lingmin; Liu, Jin; Yang, Jing; Zhang, Yanzi; Liu, Yue

    2016-01-01

    Selecting an appropriate anesthetic technique for patients with ankylosing spondylitis undergoing hip surgery is challenging because of a potentially difficult airway, the risk of cardiovascular and respiratory complications, and the technical difficulty of performing central neuraxial blocks in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Our objective was to report a case in which combination neural blockade was used successfully in an elderly patient with ankylosing spondylitis undergoing hip fracture surgery. In addition, a literature review of the anesthetic techniques reported for these patients was conducted. A 70-year-old man with severe ankylosing spondylitis and respiratory dysfunction was scheduled for a closed intertrochanteric fracture reduction and internal fixation. Combined fascia iliaca block and parasacral sciatic nerve block were used successfully for the surgery. Postoperative analgesia was accomplished by continuous fascia iliaca block. According to the literature review, general anesthesia is the most commonly performed anesthetic technique for patients with ankylosing spondylitis undergoing hip surgeries. Special intubation techniques and cautious airway management were very important for these patients. Although both general anesthesia and central neuraxial blockade pose considerable risks to the patients, this case report suggests that combined fascia iliaca block and sciatic nerve block might be a promising option.

  11. Effects of functional endoscopic sinus surgery on the treatment of bronchiectasis combined with chronic rhino-sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ying; Yang, Hai-Bo

    2016-08-01

    Idiopathic bronchiectasis is closely associated with chronic rhino-sinusitis. It can effectively control bronchiectasic symptoms to treat chronic rhino-sinusitis by FESS in the cases with bronchiectasis and chronic rhino-sinusitis. To explore the effect of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) on the treatment of bronchiectasis combined with chronic rhino-sinusitis. In this study, a total of 161 cases with bronchiectasis and chronic rhino-sinusitis were divided into medication group and operation group according to the therapeutic method for chronic rhino-sinusitis selected by them. For the treatment of chronic rhino-sinusitis, the cases in the operation group received FESS, but in the medication group cases took drugs alone. The score of clinical symptoms for bronchiectasis, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), SNOT-22 score, and Lund-Mackay score were evaluated for all cases before and after treatment, respectively, and then the value changes in the score of clinical symptoms, FEV1, SNOT-22 score, and Lund-Mackay score between both time points were calculated. The frequency of acute exacerbation for bronchiectasis was also recorded within the 6-month follow-up. In this study, 58.9% of cases with bronchiectasis had chronic rhino-sinusitis. Follow-up lasted 6 months. Compared with pre-therapy, post-therapy score of clinical symptoms, SNOT-22 score, and Lund-Mackay score were all significantly decreased (all p therapy FEV1 failed to significantly improve (p > 0.05) in both groups. During the 6-month follow-up, the frequency of acute exacerbation was significantly less in the operation group than in the medication group (p therapy FEV1 between the two groups (p > 0.05).

  12. Mucosal Prolapse Polyp Mimicking Rectal Malignancy: A Case Report

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    Diogo Libânio

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Mucosal prolapse polyps (MPPs are rare inflammatory lesions that are part of the mucosal prolapse syndrome. We present the case of a 40-year-old male with history of constipation referred to our institution with suspected rectal malignancy due to hematochezia and a palpable rectal mass. Colonoscopy revealed a 25 mm wide lesion suggestive of subepithelial origin but with marked erythema and erosion in the mucosa. Crypt dilatation and distortion, mixed inflammatory infiltrate and fibrosis were apparent on histological evaluation after bite-on-bite biopsies. Due to the initial suspicion of malignancy, resection was decided after discussion with the patient. However, due to non-elevation partial resection was performed allowing the diagnosis of MPP. Hematochezia ceased after obstipation treatment and endoscopic follow-up showed maintenance of the lesion with the same characteristics except for reduced dimension. MPP may mimic neoplastic lesions and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of rectal masses. History, endoscopy and histological characteristics are all necessary and important in the diagnosis of MPP.

  13. Misconceptions and Miscommunication among Women with Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieslander, Cecilia K.; Alas, Alexandriah; Dunivan, Gena C.; Sevilla, Claudia; Cichowski, Sara; Maliski, Sally; Eilber, Karyn; Rogers, Rebecca G.; Anger, Jennifer T.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction and hypothesis To better understand women’s experience with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) symptoms and to describe factors that prevent disease understanding among Spanish- and English speaking women. Methods Women with POP were recruited from female urology and urogynecology clinics in Los Angeles, California and Albuquerque, New Mexico. Eight focus groups were conducted, four in Spanish and four in English. Topics addressed patients’ emotional responses when noticing their prolapse, how they sought support, what verbal and written information was given, and their overall feelings of the process. Additionally, patients were asked about their experience with their treating physician. All interview transcripts were analyzed using Grounded Theory qualitative methods. Results Qualitative analysis yielded two preliminary themes: First, women had misconceptions about what POP was as well as its causes and treatments. Secondly, there was a great deal of miscommunication between patient and physician which led to decreased understanding about the diagnosis and treatment options. This included the fact that women were often overwhelmed with information which they did not understand. The concept emerged that there is a strong need for better methods to achieve disease and treatment understanding for women with POP. Conclusions Our data emphasize that women with POP have considerable misconceptions about their disease. In addition, there is miscommunication during the patient-physician interaction that leads to further confusion among Spanish and English speaking women. Spending more time explaining the diagnosis of POP, rather than focusing solely on treatment options, may reduce miscommunication and increase patient understanding. PMID:25516231

  14. Effect of a combined surgery, re-irradiation and hyperthermia therapy on local control rate in radio-induced angiosarcoma of the chest wall

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linthorst, M.; Rhoon, G.C. van; Zee, J. van der [Erasmus MC-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam (Netherlands). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Geel, A.N. van [Erasmus MC-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam (Netherlands). Dept. of Surgical Oncology; Baartman, E.A. [Erasmus MC-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam (Netherlands). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Oei, S.B. [Bernard Verbeeten Institute, Tilburg (Netherlands). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Ghidey, W. [Erasmus MC-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam (Netherlands). Dept. of Trial and Medical Statistics

    2013-05-15

    Purpose: Radiation-induced angiosarcoma (RAS) of the chest wall/breast has a poor prognosis due to the high percentage of local failures. The efficacy and side effects of re-irradiation plus hyperthermia (reRT + HT) treatment alone or in combination with surgery were assessed in RAS patients. Patients and methods: RAS was diagnosed in 23 breast cancer patients and 1 patient with melanoma. These patients had previously undergone breast conserving therapy (BCT, n = 18), mastectomy with irradiation (n=5) or axillary lymph node dissection with irradiation (n = 1). Treatment consisted of surgery followed by reRT + HT (n = 8), reRT + HT followed by surgery (n = 3) or reRT + HT alone (n = 13). Patients received a mean radiation dose of 35 Gy (32-54 Gy) and 3-6 hyperthermia treatments (mean 4). Hyperthermia was given once or twice a week following radiotherapy (RT). Results: The median latency interval between previous radiation and diagnosis of RAS was 106 months (range 45-212 months). Following reRT + HT, the complete response (CR) rate was 56 %. In the subgroup of patients receiving surgery, the 3-month, 1- and 3-year actuarial local control (LC) rates were 91, 46 and 46 %, respectively. In the subgroup of patients without surgery, the rates were 54, 32 and 22 %, respectively. Late grade 4 RT toxicity was seen in 2 patients. Conclusion: The present study shows that reRT + HT treatment - either alone or combined with surgery - improves LC rates in patients with RAS. (orig.)

  15. Lift the quilt in case of atrial fibrillation and disc prolapse

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    Bastovansky A

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Adam Bastovansky,1 Kathrin Ziegler,2 Claudia Stöllberger,2 Josef Finsterer31Department of Radiology, 2Medical Department, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria; 3Danube University Krems, Krems, AustriaBackground: Peripheral embolism to the lower extremities may mimic disc prolapse with severe consequences.Case report:  A 71-year-old male with a history of chronic alcoholism developed low back pain radiating to both lower extremities in a nonradicular distribution and bilateral dysesthesias of the distal lower legs after lifting a heavy weight. Given that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of the lumbar spine showed disc herniation in L3/4 and L4/5, he was scheduled for laminectomy but was unable to undergo surgery due to thrombocytopenia. After transfer to another hospital, persistence of symptoms and signs, absent pulses on the distal lower legs, and rhabdomyolysis with temporary renal insufficiency, peripheral embolism with compartment syndrome was suspected. Magnetic resonance angiography revealed occlusion of the right superficial femoral artery and long high-grade stenosis of the left superficial and profound femoral arteries and distal arteries. He successfully underwent embolectomy and fasciotomy.Conclusions: If lumbar pain is not radicular, peripheral pulses are minimally palpable, and distal limbs are cold and show livid decolorization, peripheral embolism is much more likely than disc herniation, particularly if the patient's history is positive for atrial fibrillation. MRI of the lumbar spine must be interpreted in conjunction with clinical presentation.Keywords: embolism, compartment syndrome, neurosurgery, embolectomy, fasciotomy, rhabdomyolysis

  16. Recurrence of rectal prolapse following rectopexy: a pooled analysis of 532 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishawi, M; Foppa, C; Tou, S; Bergamaschi, R

    2016-08-01

    The study was designed to address the unanswered question of the influence of the extent of rectal mobilization, the type of rectal fixation and the surgical access (open vs laparoscopic) on recurrence rates following abdominal surgery for full-thickness rectal prolapse (FTRP). Individual patient data were pooled and data merging was performed following comparison of variable definitions to ensure similarity in definitions. Recurrence after rectopexy was defined as the presence of FTRP on physical examination. The impact of categorical factors on recurrence was assessed using Fisher's exact and the chi-squared tests. Recurrence-free survival curves were generated for patients and differences in time to recurrence were compared using the log rank test. Factors passing univariate screening with a P value sigmoid resection (P = 0.057). Using multivariate analysis, only the degree of mobilization was independently associated with recurrence (P = 0.026). Circumferential rectal mobilization during rectopexy was associated with a decreased long-term recurrence rate. The type of rectal fixation and the type of surgical access did not influence recurrence. Colorectal Disease © 2015 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.

  17. Impaired Corneal Biomechanical Properties and the Prevalence of Keratoconus in Mitral Valve Prolapse

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    Emine Kalkan Akcay

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To investigate the biomechanical characteristics of the cornea in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP and the prevalence of keratoconus (KC in MVP. Materials and Methods. Fifty-two patients with MVP, 39 patients with KC, and 45 control individuals were recruited in this study. All the participants underwent ophthalmologic examination, corneal analysis with the Sirius system (CSO, and the corneal biomechanical evaluation with Reichert ocular response analyzer (ORA. Results. KC was found in six eyes of four patients (5.7% and suspect KC in eight eyes of five patients (7.7% in the MVP group. KC was found in one eye of one patient (1.1% in the control group (P=0.035. A significant difference occurred in the mean CH and CRF between the MVP and control groups (P=0.006 and P=0.009, resp.. All corneal biomechanical and topographical parameters except IOPcc were significantly different between the KC-MVP groups (P<0.05. Conclusions. KC prevalence is higher than control individuals in MVP patients and the biomechanical properties of the cornea are altered in patients with MVP. These findings should be considered when the MVP patients are evaluated before refractive surgery.

  18. Sacral nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence in patients with previous partial spinal injury including disc prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarrett, M E D; Matzel, K E; Christiansen, J; Baeten, C G M I; Rosen, H; Bittorf, B; Stösser, M; Madoff, R; Kamm, M A

    2005-06-01

    This study examined the use of sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) to treat faecal incontinence in patients with partial spinal injury. Patients selected for SNS had experienced more than one episode of faecal incontinence per week to liquid or solid stool for more than 1 year and had failed maximal conservative treatment. All patients had an intact external anal sphincter. Temporary SNS was performed in 13 patients (median age 58.5 (range 39-73) years). The spinal insults were disc prolapse (six), trauma (four), spinal stenosis (one) or occurred during neurosurgery (two). Twelve patients (eight women and four men) had successful temporary stimulation and proceeded to permanent implantation. The median follow-up time was 12 (range 6-24) months. The mean(s.d.) number of episodes of incontinence decreased from 9.33(7.64) per week at baseline to 2.39(3.69) at last follow-up (P = 0.012). The number of days per week with incontinence and staining decreased significantly (both P < 0.001). Ability to defer defaecation improved from a median of not being able to defer (range 0-1 min) to being able to defer for 5-15 (range 0 to over 15) min (P = 0.022). SNS can benefit patients with faecal incontinence following partial spinal injury. Copyright (c) 2005 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  19. Pelvic reconstruction improves pelvic floor strength in pelvic organ prolapse patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, Zhong; Li, Huai-Fang; Yang, Xiang; Guo, Li-Li

    2015-10-01

    To evaluate pelvic floor muscle strength after the modified pelvic reconstruction procedure for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Patients were assigned to two groups consisting of 37 patients diagnosed with POP and undergoing modified pelvic reconstruction (reconstruction group), and 30 patients admitted to our hospital during the same period for other surgical indications (control group). Vaginal palpation of pelvic floor muscle strength was performed according to the modified Oxford grading system before operating on the two groups and again in the 3(rd) month following surgery for the reconstruction group. A comparative study was performed to evaluate the differences between the two groups and the improvement of pelvic floor muscle strength in the reconstruction group. The pelvic floor muscle strength was significantly improved postoperatively when compared with preoperative results in the reconstruction group (t = -17.478, p pelvic reconstruction procedure could improve pelvic floor muscle strength in POP patients, which remains lower when compared with the normal population. Pelvic floor muscle strength should be included in the assessment of surgical outcomes in POP. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  20. Effects of a novel method of anesthesia combining propofol and volatile anesthesia on the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecological surgery

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    Hiroaki Kawano

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: We investigated the effects of a novel method of anesthesia combining propofol and volatile anesthesia on the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecological surgery. METHODS: Patients were randomly divided into three groups: those maintained with sevoflurane (Group S, n = 42, propofol (Group P, n = 42, or combined propofol and sevoflurane (Group PS, n = 42. We assessed complete response (no postoperative nausea and vomiting and no rescue antiemetic use, incidence of nausea and vomiting, nausea severity score, vomiting frequency, rescue antiemetic use, and postoperative pain at 2 and 24 h after surgery. RESULTS: The number of patients who exhibited a complete response was greater in Groups P and PS than in Group S at 0-2 h (74%, 76% and 43%, respectively, p = 0.001 and 0-24 h (71%, 76% and 38%, respectively, p < 0.0005. The incidence of nausea at 0-2 h (Group S = 57%, Group P = 26% and Group PS = 21%, p = 0.001 and 0-24 h (Group S = 62%, Group P = 29% and Group PS = 21%, p < 0.0005 was also significantly different among groups. However, there were no significant differences among groups in the incidence or frequency of vomiting or rescue antiemetic use at 0-24 h. CONCLUSION: Combined propofol and volatile anesthesia during laparoscopic gynecological surgery effectively decreases the incidence of postoperative nausea. We term this novel method of anesthesia "combined intravenous-volatile anesthesia (CIVA".

  1. Combined clopidogrel and aspirin treatment up to surgery increases the risk of postoperative myocardial infarction, blood loss and reoperation for bleeding in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miceli, Antonio; Duggan, Simon M J; Aresu, Giuseppe; de Siena, Paolo M; Romeo, Francesco; Glauber, Mattia; Caputo, Massimo; Angelini, Gianni D

    2013-04-01

    Recent guidelines suggest that patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) should discontinue clopidogrel and aspirin (ASA) 5 and 2-10 days, respectively, before surgery to reduce postoperative bleeding and its complications. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between the timing of discontinuing clopidogrel + ASA and early clinical outcomes in patients undergoing CABG. Four thousand three hundred and thirty consecutive patients underwent isolated CABG from April 2004 to February 2009. Of these, 926 patients received double antiplatelet therapy in the 14 days prior to surgery. Patients were stratified into three groups: clopidogrel + ASA within 5 and 2 days, respectively, before surgery (Group A, n = 287); clopidogrel within 5 days + ASA stopped 2-10 days before surgery or clopidogrel stopped 5 days + ASA within 2 days of surgery (Group B, n = 308) and clopidogrel + ASA discontinued >5 and 10 days, respectively, before surgery (control group, n = 331). Overall mortality was 0.8%. The incidence of postoperative myocardial infarction (MI) was 5.2, 1 and 1.8% in Groups A, B and control, respectively (P = 0.004). Reoperation for bleeding occurred in 4.5, 2.9 and 1.2% (P = 0.04) and total chest drainage was 761 ± 473, 720 ± 421 and 687 ± 302 ml in Groups A, B and control, respectively (P = 0.06). Multivariable analysis revealed that Group A was an independent predictor of postoperative MI (P = 0.02), reoperation for bleeding (P = 0.02), blood transfusions (P = 0.003) and blood losses (P = 0.015). Clopidogrel in combination with ASA up to the time of surgery is associated with an increased risk of postoperative MI, blood loss and reoperation for bleeding in patients undergoing CABG.

  2. Transversus abdominis plane block in combination with general anesthesia provides better intraoperative hemodynamic control and quicker recovery than general anesthesia alone in high-risk abdominal surgery patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuchiya, M; Takahashi, R; Furukawa, A; Suehiro, K; Mizutani, K; Nishikawa, K

    2012-11-01

    Patients with severe cardiovascular disease are frequently hemodynamically unstable during abdominal surgery. Improving the safety of such patients by stabilizing intraoperative hemodynamics remains a major concern for anesthesiologists. Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block in combination with general anesthesia may facilitate optimum anesthetic management of these high-risk patients. Patients with cardiovascular disease classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status 3 were enrolled. The patients were undergoing elective abdominal surgery and were randomized to a group receiving general anesthesia and TAP block (Group T, N.=33) or a group receiving general anesthesia alone (Group G, N.=35). We compared the groups for intraoperative hemodynamic stability, anesthesia emergence time, amounts of anesthetics and opioids given, and frequency of emergency treatment with cardiovascular agents. A preliminary study demonstrated that systolic blood pressure and heart rate were maintained stable within 70-110% of their preanesthesia values throughout surgery in ASA 1 elderly patients without cardiovascular disease. Thus, the hemodynamically stable time was defined as the time when systolic blood pressure and heart rate were 70-110% of their preanesthesia values. The ratio of hemodynamically stable time to total operative time was used as an index of hemodynamic stability. The median (minimum-maximum) percentage of hemodynamically stable time was longer in Group T (91[50-100]%) than Group G (79[40-91]%, Pabdominal surgery in patients with severe cardiovascular disease, combining TAP block with general anesthesia promotes intraoperative hemodynamic stability and early emergence from anesthesia.

  3. Estrogen receptor expression and vessel density in the vagina wall in postmenopausal women with prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lara, Lúcia Alves da Silva; Ribeiro da Silva, Alfredo; Rosa-e-Silva, Julio Cesar; Silva-de-Sá, Marcos Felipe; Rosa-e-Silva, Ana Carolina Japur de Sá

    2014-04-01

    After menopause, critically estrogen low levels result in modifications in vaginal wall. This cross-sectional study aims to determine whether there is a change in the number of vessels in the lamina propria of the vagina after menopause in parallel to the ER-alpha expression on the vaginal wall. Twelve women who underwent a genital surgery for genital prolapse up to grade II were selected. They were divided into two groups: a premenopausal group (PG) consisting of six women who were 18-40 years old with FSH levels =12 mIU/ml and regular cycles, and a menopausal group (MG) consisting of six women at least one year after menopause who were <65 years old with FSH levels =40 mIU/ml. Slides were stained for ER-alpha immunohistochemistry, and an endothelial cell marker CD3 was used to label vessels which were identified by using a system for morphometry. The number of vessels was significantly higher in the PG than in the MG both on the anterior wall (PG: 1.055 ± 145.8 vessels/mm(2), MG: 346.6 ± 209.9 vessels/mm(2), p<0.0001) and on the posterior wall (PG: 1064 ± 303.3 vessels/mm(2), MG: 348.6 ± 167.3 vessels/mm(2), p=0.0005). The ER-alpha score was significantly higher in the PG than the score for the MG on both the anterior and posterior walls (PG: 6.0 ± 0.52, MG: 2.5 ± 0.89, p=0.007; PG: 5.8 ± 0.79, MG: 2.7 ± 0.95, p=0.03, respectively). There was a positive correlation between the ER-alpha score and the vessel concentration on the anterior (r=0.6656, p=0.018) and posterior (r=0.6738, p=0.016) vaginal walls. Age was strongly negatively correlated with vessel concentration on the vaginal walls (respectively r=-0.9033, p<0.0001, r=-0.7440, p=0.0055). Therefore, postmenopausal women with genital prolapse have a smaller number of vessels on the vaginal wall compared to normoestrogenic controls with the same pathological condition. Hypoestrogenism and advancing age are factors that are associated to these changes. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME IN PATIENTS WHO UNDERWENT LUMBAR MICRODISCECTOMY FOR INTERVERTEBRAL DISC PROLAPSE (IVDP

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    Sudheer Urampath

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Intervertebral Disc Prolapse (IVDP is a very common cause for low backache in younger population. When conservative treatment fails or when patient develops complications like neurological deficit, then the treatment is surgical discectomy. Open laminectomy and microdiscectomy are the modes of surgical interventions for such patients. There is a lot of morbidity for open laminectomy when compared to microdiscectomy to assess the functional outcome of patients underwent lumbar microdiscectomy. METHODS A prospective study was done among 30 patients with Intervertebral Disc Prolapse (IVDP who did not respond to conservative treatment were undergone the surgical procedure microdiscectomy. The patients were re-evaluated for pre and postoperative neurological deficit and postoperative pain relief at 1 week, 6 weeks, 6 months, 12 months and 24 months after surgery. RESULTS Out of 30 patients in 15 (50% patients, microdiscectomy was done in hip flexion and in the remaining half (15 patients it was done without hip flexion. There were 18 men and 12 women with a mean age of 39.4. All patients 30 (100% is presented with preoperative neurological impairment had a positive Lasegue sign, 20 (66.67% had motor deficits and 18 (60% had sensory deficits. In this study group, the vertebral levels mainly affected were L4-L5 in 18 (60% patients and L5-S1 in 12 (40% patients. After microdiscectomy, motor deficit was reduced from 66.67% to 20% out of 30 patients by the end of one year. Similarly, a reduction in sensory deficit was also seen from 60% to 20%. Pain relief was also found to be excellent in 86.6% patients at the end of 24 months. CONCLUSION Early postoperative mobilisation and earlier pain relief are the most important advantages of this novel technique. Lesser blood loss, low surgical time, least destabilisation of spine are other merits of this procedure and can be recommended as the gold standard surgical method for patients with IVDP who

  5. The Efficacy and Clinical Safety of Various Analgesic Combinations for Post-Operative Pain after Third Molar Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Au, Alvin Ho Yeung; Choi, Siu Wai; Cheung, Chi Wai; Leung, Yiu Yan

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To run a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials aiming to answer the clinical question “which analgesic combination and dosage is potentially the most effective and safe for acute post-operative pain control after third molar surgery?”. Materials and Methods A systematic search of computer databases and journals was performed. The search and the evaluations of articles were performed by 2 independent reviewers in 3 rounds. Randomized clinical trials related to analgesic combinations for acute post-operative pain control after lower third molar surgery that matched the selection criteria were evaluated to enter in the final review. Results Fourteen studies with 3521 subjects, with 10 groups (17 dosages) of analgesic combinations were included in the final review. The analgesic efficacy were presented by the objective pain measurements including sum of pain intensity at 6 hours (SPID6) and total pain relief at 6 hours (TOTPAR6). The SPID6 scores and TOTPAR6 scores of the reported analgesic combinations were ranged from 1.46 to 6.44 and 3.24 – 10.3, respectively. Ibuprofen 400mg with oxycodone HCL 5mg had superior efficacy (SPID6: 6.44, TOTPAR6: 9.31). Nausea was the most common adverse effect, with prevalence ranging from 0-55%. Ibuprofen 200mg with caffeine 100mg or 200mg had a reasonable analgesic effect with fewer side effects. Conclusion This systematic review and meta-analysis may help clinicians in their choices of prescribing an analgesic combination for acute post-operative pain control after lower third molar surgery. It was found in this systematic review Ibuprofen 400mg combined with oxycodone HCL 5mg has superior analgesic efficacy when compared to the other analgesic combinations included in this study. PMID:26053953

  6. Consensus Statement of the European Urology Association and the European Urogynaecological Association on the Use of Implanted Materials for Treating Pelvic Organ Prolapse and Stress Urinary Incontinence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapple, Christopher R; Cruz, Francisco; Deffieux, Xavier; Milani, Alfredo L; Arlandis, Salvador; Artibani, Walter; Bauer, Ricarda M; Burkhard, Fiona; Cardozo, Linda; Castro-Diaz, David; Cornu, Jean Nicolas; Deprest, Jan; Gunnemann, Alfons; Gyhagen, Maria; Heesakkers, John; Koelbl, Heinz; MacNeil, Sheila; Naumann, Gert; Roovers, Jan-Paul W R; Salvatore, Stefano; Sievert, Karl-Dietrich; Tarcan, Tufan; Van der Aa, Frank; Montorsi, Francesco; Wirth, Manfred; Abdel-Fattah, Mohamed

    2017-09-01

    Surgical nonautologous meshes have been used for several decades to repair abdominal wall herniae. Implantable materials have been adopted for the treatment of female and male stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and female pelvic organ prolapse (POP). A consensus review of existing data based on published meta-analyses and reviews. This document summarises the deliberations of a consensus group meeting convened by the European Association of Urology (EAU) and the European Urogynecological Association, to explore the current evidence relating to the use of polypropylene (PP) materials used for the treatment of SUI and POP, with reference to the 2016 EAU guidelines (European Association of Urology 2016), the European Commission's SCENIHR report on the use of surgical meshes (SCENIHR 2015), other available high-quality evidence, guidelines, and national recommendations. Current data suggest that the use of nonautologous durable materials in surgery has well-established benefits but significant risks, which are specific to the condition and location they are used for. Various graft-related complications have been described-such as infection, chronic pain including dyspareunia, exposure in the vagina, shrinkage, erosion into other organs of xenografts, synthetic PP tapes (used in SUI), and meshes (used in POP)-which differ from the complications seen with abdominal herniae. When considering surgery for SUI, it is essential to evaluate the available options, which may include synthetic midurethral slings (MUSs) using PP tapes, bulking agents, colposuspension, and autologous sling surgery. The use of synthetic MUSs for surgical treatment of SUI in both male and female patients has good efficacy and acceptable morbidity. Synthetic mesh for POP should be used only in complex cases with recurrent prolapse in the same compartment and restricted to those surgeons with appropriate training who are working in multidisciplinary referral centres. Synthetic slings can be safely used

  7. Minimal important change in the pelvic floor distress inventory-20 among women opting for conservative prolapse treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiegersma, Marian; Panman, Chantal M C R; Berger, Marjolein Y; De Vet, Henrica C W; Kollen, Boudewijn J; Dekker, Janny H

    2017-04-01

    The Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20 is used to evaluate symptoms and treatment effects in women with pelvic floor disorders. To interpret changes in the scores of this inventory, information is needed about what patients and clinicians perceive as the minimal important (meaningful) change. Although this change in the inventory score has been investigated previously in women who have undergone pelvic floor surgery, the results could not be generalized to women with milder symptoms (ie, lower scores) who often require only conservative treatment. We aimed to estimate the minimal important change in the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20 that was needed to demonstrate clinical improvement in women who qualify for conservative pelvic floor treatment. The data of 214 women aged ≥55 years were used. All participants were from 2 randomized controlled trials that compared conservative prolapse treatments in primary care in The Netherlands. The degree of prolapse was assessed with the use of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification system; participants completed the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20 at baseline and at 12 months, with a global perception of improvement question at 12 months. To assess both the patient perspective and the clinical perspective, 2 anchors were assessed: (1) the global perception of improvement was considered the anchor for the patients' perspective, and (2) the difference in the degree of prolapse was considered the anchor for the clinical perspective. Provided that the anchors were correlated by at least 0.3 to the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20 change scores, we estimated the following minimal important changes: (1) the optimal cutoff-point of the receiver operating characteristics curve that discriminates between women with and without improvement in the global perception of improvement scale and (2) the mean Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20 change score of participants who improved 1 assessment stage. We then calculated the

  8. Anterior vaginal compartment surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maher, Christopher

    2013-11-01

    To review the safety and efficacy of anterior vaginal compartment pelvic organ prolapse surgery. Every 4 years and as part of the Fifth International Collaboration on Incontinence we reviewed the English-language scientific literature after searching PubMed, Medline, Cochrane library and the Cochrane database of systematic reviews, published up to January 2012. Publications were classified as level 1 evidence (randomised controlled trials [RCT] or systematic reviews), level 2 (poor quality RCT, prospective cohort studies), level 3 (case series or retrospective studies) and level 4 case reports. The highest level of evidence was utilised by the committee to make evidence-based recommendations based upon the Oxford grading system. A grade A recommendation usually depends on consistent level 1 evidence. A grade B recommendation usually depends on consistent level 2 and/or 3 studies, or "majority evidence" from RCTs. A grade C recommendation usually depends on level studies or "majority evidence" from level 2/3 studies or Delphi processed expert opinion. A grade D "no recommendation possible" would be used where the evidence is inadequate or conflicting and when expert opinion is delivered without a formal analytical process, such as by Delphi. Absorbable mesh augmentation of anterior compartment native tissue repair improves the anatomical outcome compared with native tissue repair alone with no increased complication rate in meta-analysis of 2 RCTS (grade B). Biological grafts in meta-analysis have improved anatomical outcomes with no change in subjective outcomes compared with native tissue repairs (grade B). There is conflicting level 1 evidence to support porcine dermis and a single RCT to support small intestine submucosa as graft agents in anterior compartment prolapse surgery (grade B). Consistent level 1 data support a superior anatomical outcome for polypropylene mesh compared with a biological graft in the anterior compartment. Mesh exposure rate was

  9. Risks and benefits of combining denosumab and surgery in giant cell tumor of bone-a case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Daniel A; Beltrami, Giovanni; Scoccianti, Guido; Campanacci, Domenico A; Franchi, Alessandro; Capanna, Rodolfo

    2016-11-04

    The RANK ligand inhibitor denosumab is being investigated for treatment of giant cell tumor of bone, but the available data in the literature remains sparse and controversial. This study analyzes the results of combining denosumab with surgical treatment and highlights possible changes for the oncologic surgeon in daily practice. A total of 91 patients were treated surgically for giant cell tumor of bone between 2010 and 2014 in an institution, whereas 25 patients of the total additionally received denosumab and were part of this study. The average age of the patients was 35 years. Eleven patients received denosumab pre- and postoperatively, whereas with 14 patients, the denosumab treatment was applied either before (7 patients) or after (7 patients) the surgery. The average preoperative therapy duration was 3.9 months and the postoperative therapy 6 months by default. Sixteen patients presented a large tumor extension necessitating a resection of the involved bone or joint. In 10 of these patients, the indication for a resection procedure was abandoned due to the preoperative denosumab treatment and a curettage was performed. In the remaining six cases, the surgical indication was not changed despite the denosumab treatment, and two of them needed a joint replacement after the tumor resection. Also with patients treated with curettage, denosumab seems to facilitate the procedure as a new peripheral bone rim around the tumor was built, though a histologic analysis reveals viable tumor cells persisting in the denosumab-induced bone formation. After an average follow-up of 23 months, one histologically proven local recurrence occurred, necessitating a second curettage. A second patient showed a lesion in the postoperative imaging highly suspicious for local relapse which remained stable under further denosumab treatment. No adverse effect of the denosumab medication was observed in this study. Denosumab can be a help to the oncologic surgeon by reconstituting a

  10. Women's experiences of doing long-term pelvic floor muscle exercises for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyland, Gail; Hay-Smith, Jean; Treharne, Gareth

    2014-02-01

    This study investigated women's experiences of doing prescribed pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) after participation in the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Physiotherapy (POPPY) trial. The aim was to understand post-supervised treatment adherence to PFME and to inform future advice for women being treated for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Five women were purposively selected from the New Zealand branch of the multi-centre, multi-national POPPY trial and took part in a semi-structured interviews about their experiences of PFME. The interviews were subjected to an interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Three core themes were identified in the analysis. The first theme, "Patterns of PFME behaviour", described exercise characteristics and behaviours. The second theme, "Influences on PFME maintenance cycles", captured the participants' responses to and evaluations of their exercise practice and related PFME self-efficacy. The "cycle" referred to the changing influences on exercise behaviour. The third theme, "Family as priority", was expressed in terms of either putting family first or successfully combining the priorities of family and self. This study revealed the importance of family in influencing PFME patterns and behaviours in the treatment of POP. It is possible that identifying strategies to help women reach their PFME goals within the context of their families will promote more successful PFME adherence. The importance of family when prescribing exercise for women with other chronic health conditions is also worth exploring.

  11. Changes in Prolapse and Urinary Symptoms After Successful Fitting of a Ring Pessary With Support in Women With Advanced Pelvic Organ Prolapse: A Prospective Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Jing; Chen, Chun; Song, Xiao-Chen; Zhang, Lei; Deng, Mou; Zhu, Lan

    2016-01-01

    To estimate the percentage of improvement in prolapse and urinary symptoms and adverse effects in women with advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP) after 3 months of use of a ring pessary with support. In this prospective study, 109 consecutive women with advanced POP were fitted with a ring pessary with support; 73 (73/109, 67.0%) of the women had a successful 3-month pessary fitting trial. Prolapse symptoms, urinary symptoms, and urinary flow parameters were assessed at baseline and at 3 months. Adverse effects were assessed within 3 months. McNemar's test and paired-sample t tests were performed. Prolapse and urinary symptoms improved from baseline to 3 months, including bulging (90.4% to 23.3%; P women (45/46; P women. The ring pessary with support was successfully fitted in patients with advanced POP with a high success rate and few complications. The pessary could resolve more than half of the prolapse and urinary symptoms. Therefore, initial conservative treatment with a ring pessary with support in advanced POP is worthwhile. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  12. Olfactory Neuroblastoma Treated by Endoscopic Surgery Followed by Combined External Beam Radiation and Gamma Knife for Optic Nerve and Chiasm Sparing: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hansi Z. Jiang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe the multimodality treatment regimen of a 53-year-old man diagnosed with olfactory neuroblastoma (Kadish stage C in the right nasal cavity extending into the ethmoid sinus and across the cribriform plate. Endoscopic surgery for tumor resection was followed by a combination of external beam radiotherapy and stereotactic radiosurgery boost with concurrent chemotherapy. The novel combination of dual radiation therapies allowed for the preservation of the nearby optic structures while providing an adequate dosage to a sufficient volume of the afflicted tissue.

  13. [Post-operative management for 86 cases of heart valve replacement surgery patients undergoing transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation combined with general anesthesia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Wen-Xiong; Xu, Jian-Jun; Wu, Yao-Yao; Chi, Hao; Chen, Tong-Yu; Ge, Wen; Zhou, Jia

    2014-02-01

    To summarize post-operative management strategy for heart valve replacement surgery under transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) combined with general anesthesia. From July 2006 to June 2012, a total of 86 cases of open-heart surgery patients experiencing TEAS plus general anesthesia with cardiopulmonary bypass (heart valve replacement surgery without intubation) were recruited in the present summary. Post-operative managements in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) were administrated with strict hemodynamic monitoring for volume infusion, routine administration of vasoactive drugs (including dopamine and nitroglycerin), oxygen inhalation, and analgesics and monitoring of central nervous system and renal function. All the 86 patients under TEAS + general anesthesia and cardiopulmonary bypass and without intubation experienced successful heart valve replacement surgery. The post-operative pulmonary infection was found in 8 cases (9.30%), the average stay duration in ICU was (28.6 +/- 6.2) hours, and the average draining volume of the interpleural space was (291 +/- 73)mL. The cardia insufficiency was found in 5 cases (5.81%), hypoxia occurred in 8 cases (9.30%), nausea in 8 cases (9.30%), vomiting 5 cases (5.81%) and post-operative gastrointestinal distension 13 cases (15.12%), mild renal insufficiency 3 cases (3.49%), fever (> 38.5 degrees C) 1 case(1. 16%) and severe post-operative pain 7 cases (8.14%). TEAS combined with general anesthesia is safe for patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass. The key points of treatment in ICU are volume infusion, body temperature maintenance, and pain control.

  14. Clinical efficacy of breast-conserving surgery combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced breast cancer: a report of 81 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-yu CAO

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with breast-conserving surgery for locally advanced breast cancer. Methods Eighty-one patients with locally advanced breast cancer were selected from those who were admitted into 309 Hospital of PLA from January 2009 to October 2013, consisting of 65 patients in stage Ⅲa and 16 in stage Ⅲb, and they were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with breast-conserving surgery. The clinical efficacy [complete response (CR, partial response (PR, stable disease (SD and progress disease (PD] was observed during follow-up. Results All the patients were followed-up for 12-60 months with a median of 34 months. There were 12 CR patients (14.8%, including 4 with pathological complete response (4.9%, and 52 PR patients (64.2%, 17 SD patients (21.0%. No PD was observed. The overall response rate(ORR was 79.0%(64/81. After follow-up for 12-60 months (median 34 months, distant metastasis to the lung, liver, meninges and bone occurred in 3 patients (3.7%, 3/81 and 1 of them died. Forty-eight patients received breastconserving surgery. The local recurrence rate was 6.3% (3/48. Assessment of cosmetic result was carried out in 48 patients who received breast-conserving surgery and comprehensive treatment for one year, and excellent results were obtained in 14.6% (7/48, good in 43.8% (21/48, and poor in 41.7% (20/48. Conclusions The therapeutic efficacy of locally advanced breast cancer is satisfactory by neoadjuvant chemotherapy and breast-conserving surgery. Standardization of excision and postoperative radiotherapy, systemic comprehensive treatment is the key to the success of the treatment. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2015.06.14

  15. CHANGES IN THE QUALITY OF LIFE AND SEXUAL FUNCTION IN WOMEN WITH PELVIC PROLAPSE AFTER LIGATION OF COLPOPEXY WITH POLYPROPYLENE MESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. D. Kaprin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate the effect of vaginal operations to eliminate pelvic prolapse using polypropylene implants on quality of life and sexual function of patients.Materials and methods. The study included 93 women with genital prolapse II - IV stage, underwent extraperitoneal colpopexy polypropylene implant. The patients were divided into two groups according to the method of vaginal ligation of colpopexy: in group 1 (n = 50 included patients who underwent the surgery perforated polypropylene implant "Cineplex" (LINTEX, Russia according to the developed method (patent RF № 2538796; 2 (n = 43 group included patients who had an operation using standard kits with polypropylene mesh (ProliftTM, Prolift™ + M, ProsimaTM ETHICON Women's Health & Urology" Johnson & Johnson Company, USA. The quality of social and sexual life was assessed using the questionnaire to calculate the index of sexual function in women (Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI and non-specific questionnaire of quality of life SF-36 preoperatively and 6 months after.Results. In patients prior to surgical intervention compared with the general population indicators of quality of life statistically significantly reduced for all scales. Physical health component (PHC reduced by 57.8% in the 1st group and 59.5 per cent in the 2nd group, and psychological health (PsCH by 42% and 43.5% respectively groups compared with the general population indicators. In the postoperative period, significant improvement in the quality of life in the 2 treatment groups compared with preoperative observed in all parameters. In group 1 noted that PHC restored by 32%, and PsCH 40.7%; in the 2nd group - PHC improved by 26.1% and PsCH of 29.4% (Fig. 2. Comparative analysis of the quality of life of patients after surgery compared groups showed that in group 1 was able to significantly (p<0.05 improve social functioning and mental health patients in comparison with group 2. The total score of the index of

  16. Quality of postoperative recovery after breast surgery. General anaesthesia combined with paravertebral versus serratus-intercostal block.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez Herrero, M A; López Álvarez, S; Fadrique Fuentes, A; Manzano Lorefice, F; Bartolomé Bartolomé, C; González de Zárate, J

    2016-12-01

    The quality of postoperative recovery is one of the most important among all the quality indicators used in clinical situations. This is even more important after cancer surgery. Our aim was to evaluate this after non-reconstructive breast surgery under general anesthesia and paravertebral blockade or serratus-intercostal plane blockade, in the early and late post-operative period. A prospective observational study was conducted on 60 patients (25 paravertebral blockade group and 35 serratus-intercostal plane blockade group) scheduled for non-reconstructive breast surgery during a 6 month period. Every patient received general anaesthesia and were randomised to receive either paravertebral blockade or serratus-intercostal plane blockade. The quality of post-anaesthetic recovery was quantified by Postoperative Quality Recovery Scale, which is used to assess physiological, nociceptive, emotional, autonomy, cognitive and general state domains at different times: baseline (before surgery), 15min after the end of surgery, at discharge to home, and one month after surgery. A total recovery of 95.93% was achieved in the early postoperative period (15min PACU), 99.07% at discharge to home, and 99.25% at one month after the intervention. No significant differences were found between groups in total score or in each evaluated area. A progressive improvement was observed in the scores assessed with the Postoperative Quality Recovery Scale, reaching values that would allow the discharge to home and early return to usual active life from the immediate postoperative period, with no significant differences between the 2 analgesic techniques. Savings in opioid use and the excellent recovery were observed in all measured domains observed. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  17. Computer-assisted virtual treatment planning combined with flapless surgery and immediate loading in the rehabilitation of partial edentulies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DE Vico, G; Spinelli, D; Bonino, M; Schiavetti, R; Pozzi, A; Ottria, L

    2012-01-01

    It has been suggested that for success with immediate loaded dental implants it is necessary that, prior to their placement, bone quality and quantity as well as the biomechanical environment in which the implants are to function be evaluated.However, conventional techniques currently used for immediate implant placement lack sufficient precision and are usually accomplished by opening flap procedures. Nowadays computer-guided flapless surgery for implant placement using stereolithographic templates is gaining popularity among clinicians and patients. The advantages of this surgical protocol are its minimally invasive nature, accuracy of implant placement, predictability, less post-surgical disconfort and reduced time required for definitive rehabilitation. The introduction of digital planning programs has made it possible to place dental implants in preplanned positions and being immediately functionally loaded by using prefabricated prostheses. The surgical guide is used, infact, to develop a master model and fabricate the provisional bridge that will be secured to the implants immediately after their placement using the guided surgery template. In this way patients are able to achieve, in the same day of the surgery, a comfortable fixed rehabilitation needing only minor occlusal adjustments. Job S. et al during the three-month period, have demonstrated that the average reduction of crestal bone height around the implants placed with flapless surgery (0.06 mm) is not statistically significant, while the average reduction of crestal bone height around the implants placed using flap surgery (0.4 mm) is statistically significant, concluding that the use of stereolithographic appliances in accordance with flapless surgery makes immediate placement of the implants more predictable. However, the documentation of this technique in partial rehabilitations is limited. PURPOSE of this paper is to report the benefit of sophisticated pre-operative diagnostic implant planning

  18. Female pelvic organ prolapse: diagnostic contribution of dynamic cystoproctography and comparison with physical examination

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kelvin, FM; Hale, DS; Maglinte, DD; Patten, BJ; Benson, JT

    1999-01-01

    ...: The aim of this study was to assess the contribution of dynamic cystoproctography to the evaluation of female pelvic organ prolapse and to compare this contribution with that of physical examination...

  19. Functional characteristics of vaginal fibroblastic cells from premenopausal women with pelvic organ prolapse

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruiz-Zapata, A.M.; Kerkhof, M.H.; Zandieh-Doulabi, B.; Brölmann, H.A.M.; Smit, T.H.; Helder, M.N.

    2014-01-01

    Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) remains a great therapeutic challenge with no optimal treatment available. Tissue maintenance and remodelling are performed by fibroblasts, therefore altered cellular functionality may influence tissue quality. In this study, we evaluated functional characteristics of

  20. Haemorrhoids, rectal prolapse, anal fissure, peri-anal fistulae and sexually transmitted diseases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Felt-Bersma, Richelle J. F.; Bartelsman, Joep F.

    2009-01-01

    Anorectal disorders like haemorrhoids, rectal prolapse, anal fissures, peri-anal fistulae and sexually transmitted diseases are bothersome benign conditions that warrant special attention. They, however, can all be diagnosed by inspection or proctoscopy (sexually transmitted proctitis). Constipation

  1. Treatment of Prolapsing Hemorrhoids in HIV-Infected Patients with Tissue-Selecting Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhe Fan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcome of a tissue-selecting therapy stapler (TST for prolapsing hemorrhoids in HIV-infected patients. Sixty-two patients with stage III-IV hemorrhoidal prolapse were treated with TST by a single surgeon between June and November 2014. The TST group comprised 32 patients (4 females, and the TST + HIV group comprised 30 HIV-infected patients (3 females. Age, gender, and preoperative examination as well as intraoperative and postoperative features were assessed. There was no marked difference in hemorrhoidal prolapse between the TST and HIV + TST groups, except for patient satisfaction at 12 months. TST is an effective and safe technique for treatment of prolapsing hemorrhoids in HIV-infected patients.

  2. Diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse by X-ray CT and MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masuda, Yoshiaki; Inagaki, Yoshiaki

    1986-12-01

    To evaluate the usefulness of enhanced X-ray CT and gating magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing mitral valve prolapse, three patients with this abnormality and several controls were examined by these two methods. The mitral valve was not recognized by X-ray CT except a few cases with thickened mitral valve. However, MRI could demonstrate clearly the mitral leaflets and annulus in many subjects. In transverse MR imaging of the subjects without valvular disease, the closed mitral valve showed V-shaped appearance in the left ventricle during systole. In a patient with marked mitral valve prolapse, MRI revealed buckling of the posterior mitral leaflet into the left atrium, and in two other patients with mild mitral valve prolapse, MRI demonstrated displacement of coaptation of the anterior leaflet toward the left atrium. These results suggest MRI is a useful method for diagnosing mitral valve prolapse.

  3. Long-term anatomical and functional results of laparoscopic promontofixation for pelvic organ prolapse

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sabbagh, Robert; Mandron, Eric; Piussan, Jean; Brychaert, Pierre E; Tu, Le Mai

    2010-01-01

    ...) for pelvic organ prolapse (POP), and the long-term safety of LP, as POP is a common problem in women of all ages, with treatment including vaginal, abdominal, laparoscopic or robot-assisted surgical approaches...

  4. Two successful natural pregnancies in a patient with severe uterine prolapse: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Vita, Davide; Giordano, Salvatore

    2011-09-14

    Uterine prolapse is a common gynecologic condition that is rare during or before pregnancy. We report an exceptional case of two pregnancies in a totally prolapsed uterus. A 36-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of uterine prolapse presented with pregnancy. A vaginal pessary was applied to keep her uterus inside the pelvis after manual reposition. The pessary was removed at the 24th week. The gravid uterus persisted in the abdominal cavity because of its increased volume. Our case shows that pregnancy during uterine prolapse is possible and that careful assessment is required to prevent complications during delivery. According to our experience, an elective caesarean section near term could be the safest mode of delivery.

  5. Two successful natural pregnancies in a patient with severe uterine prolapse: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giordano Salvatore

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Uterine prolapse is a common gynecologic condition that is rare during or before pregnancy. We report an exceptional case of two pregnancies in a totally prolapsed uterus. Case presentation A 36-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of uterine prolapse presented with pregnancy. A vaginal pessary was applied to keep her uterus inside the pelvis after manual reposition. The pessary was removed at the 24th week. The gravid uterus persisted in the abdominal cavity because of its increased volume. Conclusion Our case shows that pregnancy during uterine prolapse is possible and that careful assessment is required to prevent complications during delivery. According to our experience, an elective caesarean section near term could be the safest mode of delivery.

  6. Anatomic outcomes of vaginal mesh procedure (Prolift) compared with uterosacral ligament suspension and abdominal sacrocolpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse: a Fellows' Pelvic Research Network study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanses, Tatiana V D; Shahryarinejad, Azin; Molden, Stephanie; Hoskey, Kay A; Abbasy, Shameem; Patterson, Danielle; Saks, Emily K; Weber LeBrun, Emily E; Gamble, Tondalaya L; King, Virginia G; Nguyen, Aimee L; Abed, Husam; Young, Stephen B

    2009-11-01

    The objective of the study was to compare apical support anatomic outcomes following vaginal mesh procedure (VMP) (Prolift) to uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) and abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC). This multicenter, retrospective chart review compared apical anatomic success (stage 0 or 1 based on point C or D of the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification), level of vaginal apex (point C or D) 3-6 months after prolapse repair at 10 US centers between 2004 and 2007. VMP, USLS, and ASC were performed for 206, 231, and 305 subjects respectively. There was no difference in apical success after VMP (98.8%) compared with USLS (99.1%) or ASC (99.3%) (both P = 1.00) 3-6 months after surgery. The average elevation of the vaginal apex was lower after VMP (-6.9 cm) than USLS (-8.05 cm) and ASC (-8.5 cm) (both P < .001) Patients undergoing VMP have similar apical success compared with USLS and ASC despite lower vaginal apex 3-6 month after surgery.

  7. Recovery of severe motor deficit secondary to herniated lumbar disc prolapse: is surgical intervention important? A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balaji, V R; Chin, K F; Tucker, S; Wilson, L F; Casey, A T

    2014-09-01

    The natural history of motor deficit due to lumbar disc herniation has been thought to be favourable. However, on closer analysis of seminal articles on this topic, this is not the case for patients with severe motor deficits (MRC grade ≤3). The aim of this study is to answer the following questions: (1) Is surgical intervention beneficial in patients with severe motor weakness (defined by MRC grade of 3 or less) due to herniated lumbar nucleus pulposus? (2) Does time to surgery from onset of motor weakness influence the outcome? (3) Are there any other prognostic factors? A comprehensive search was conducted in MEDLINE and EMBASE from 1970 upto July 2013. Inclusion criteria for studies are: (1) minimum of three patients aged 18 and older, who had symptomatic herniated lumbar disc prolapse and underwent surgery, (2) description of pre and post-operative muscle weakness utilising the Medical Research Council (MRC) muscle power grade or equivalent, such that both reviewers could confidently identify a cohort of patients with at least grade three motor weakness or worse, (3) a minimum of 6 months follow-up. Seven studies were identified with a total of 354 patients. Complete recovery was seen in 38.4% of patients following surgery and 32% following non-operative treatment. Age and grade of motor deficit were identified as significant prognostic factors in some of the studies. The current available evidence is not robust enough to address the questions posed. We have proposed a framework for future studies.

  8. Postpartum Prolapsed Leiomyoma with Uterine Inversion Managed by Vaginal Hysterectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelly L. Pieh-Holder

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Uterine inversion is a rare, but life threatening, obstetrical emergency which occurs when the uterine fundus collapses into the endometrial cavity. Various conservative and surgical therapies have been outlined in the literature for the management of uterine inversions. Case. We present a case of a chronic, recurrent uterine inversion, which was diagnosed following spontaneous vaginal delivery and recurred seven weeks later. The uterine inversion was likely due to a leiomyoma. This late-presenting, chronic, recurring uterine inversion was treated with a vaginal hysterectomy. Conclusion. Uterine inversions can occur in both acute and chronic phases. Persistent vaginal bleeding with the appearance of a prolapsing fibroid should prompt further investigation for uterine inversion and may require surgical therapy. A vaginal hysterectomy may be an appropriate management option in select populations and may be considered in women who do not desire to maintain reproductive function.

  9. Effect of minimally invasive surgery combined with postoperative placenta polypeptide injection therapy on fracture healing and hemorheology in elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-Kui Bai

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the effect of minimally invasive surgery combined with postoperative placenta polypeptide injection therapy on fracture healing and hemorheology in elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture. Methods: A total of 70 elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture were randomly divided into observation group and control group (n=35, control group received minimally invasive surgery alone and observation group received minimally invasive surgery combined with postoperative placenta polypeptide injection therapy. The differences in postoperative bone mineral density as well as serum inflammatory indexes, bone metabolism indexes, hemorheology parameters, femoral neck length, neck-shaft angle value and so on were compared between two groups of patients. Results: Serum TNF-α, IL-6, PCT and MCP-1 content of observation group 2 weeks after treatment were lower than those of control group while IL-10 and TGF-β content were higher than those of control group; serum PINP and 25(OHD3 content were higher than those of control group while CTX and PCT content were lower than those of control group; whole blood high shear, middle shear and low shear viscosity, plasma viscosity as well as ESR and Fib content were lower than those of control group; the femoral neck length and neck-shaft angle levels 3 months after treatment were higher than those of control group. Conclusions: Minimally invasive surgery combined with postoperative placenta polypeptide injection therapy has advantages in promoting fracture healing, restoring physiological function of lower limbs and other aspects in elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture.

  10. Effect of intercostal nerve block combined with general anesthesia on the stress response in patients undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Yanping; Chen, Guo; Huang, Jian; Hou, Benchao; Liu, Weicheng; Chen, Shibiao

    2017-10-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of intercostal nerve block combined with general anesthesia on the stress response and postoperative recovery in patients undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MIMVS). A total of 30 patients scheduled for MIMVS were randomly divided into two groups (n=15 each): Group A, which received intercostal nerve block combined with general anesthesia and group B, which received general anesthesia alone. Intercostal nerve block in group A was performed with 0.5% ropivacaine from T3 to T7 prior to anesthesia induction. In each group, general anesthesia was induced using midazolam, sufentanil, propofol and vecuronium. Central venous blood samples were collected to determine the concentrations of cortisol, glucose, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) at the following time points: During central venous catheterization (T1), 5 min prior to cardiopulmonary bypass (T2), perioperative (T3) and 24 h following surgery (T4). Clinical data, including parameters of opioid (sufentanil) consumption, time of mechanical ventilation, duration of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, visual analog scale scores and any complications arising from intercostal nerve block, were recorded. Levels of cortisol, glucose, IL-6 and TNF-α in group A were significantly lower than those in group B at T2 (all Pblock combined with general anesthesia may inhibit the stress response to MIMVS. Additionally, intercostal nerve block combined with general anesthesia may significantly reduce sufentanil consumption (Pblock combined with general anesthesia conforms to the concept of rapid rehabilitation surgery and may be suitable for clinical practice.

  11. [Diagnossis and treatment of complicated anterior teeth esthetic defects by combination of whole-process digital esthetic rehabilitation with periodontic surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Z; Liu, Y S; Ye, H Q; Liu, Y S; Hu, W J; Zhou, Y S

    2017-02-18

    To explore a new method of whole-process digital esthetic prosthodontic rehabilitation combined with periodontic surgery for complicated anterior teeth esthetic defects accompanied by soft tissue morphology, to provide an alternative choice for solving this problem under the guidance of three-dimensional (3D) printing digital dental model and surgical guide, thus completing periodontic surgery and digital esthetic rehabilitation of anterior teeth. In this study, 12 patients with complicated esthetic problems accompanied by soft tissue morphology in their anterior teeth were included. The dentition and facial images were obtained by intra-oral scanning and three-dimensional (3D) facial scanning and then calibrated. Two esthetic designs and prosthodontic outcome predictions were created by computer aided design /computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) software combined with digital photography, including consideration of white esthetics and comprehensive consideration of pink-white esthetics. The predictive design of prostheses and the facial appearances of the two designs were evaluated by the patients. If the patients chose the design of comprehensive consideration of pink-white esthetics, they would choose whether they would receive periodontic surgery before esthetic rehabilitation. The dentition design cast of those who chose periodontic surgery would be 3D printed for the guide of periodontic surgery accordingly. In light of the two digital designs based on intra-oral scanning, facing scanning and digital photography, the satisfaction rate of the patients was significantly higher for the comprehensive consideration of pink-white esthetic design (P3D printed digital dental model and surgical guide provided significant instructions for periodontic surgery, and achieved success transfer from digital design to clinical application. The prostheses were fabricated by CAD/CAM, thus realizing the whole-process digital esthetic rehabilitation. The new method for esthetic

  12. [Association of brownish polyposis and diverticulosis in the sigmoid colon -- a case of mucosal prolapse syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karácsony, Tibor; Joó, Judit; Berczi, Lajos; Antal, András

    2011-10-01

    The authors present a case of a 48 year-old man, who was diagnosed with several brownish sigmoid polyps of 1-2 cm size and diverticulosis on colonoscopy. Subsequently, laparoscopic sigmoid resection was carried out due to lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Histological examination revealed diverticulosis associated with polyposis. This rare entity is known in the literature as prolapse-type inflammatory polyp, which is a type of mucosal prolapse syndrome. The brownish discolouration was caused by hemosiderin deposition.

  13. Patent vitellointestinal duct with prolapsed (intussusceptions of proximal and distal ileal loop: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinesh D. Mundada

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available A wide variety of anomalies may occur as a result of the vitellointestinal duct (VID failing to obliterate completely. VID is well known because of its various complication and presentation most commonly due to Meckel's diverticulum. Small bowel prolapsed through patent VID is one of the rare presentations that have been reported. We are reporting a case of patent VID through which proximal and distal ileal segment had been intussuscepted and prolapsed through umbilicus.

  14. Anatomical Outcome and Patient Satisfaction After Laparoscopic Uterosacral Ligament Hysteropexy for Anterior and Apical Prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haj Yahya, Rani; Chill, Henry H; Herzberg, Shmuel; Asfour, Alaa; Lesser, Steven; Shveiky, David

    2017-06-27

    The aim of this study was to determine anatomical and clinical cure, as well as patient satisfaction in uterine-preserving laparoscopic uterosacral ligament suspension (LUSLS) in women with anterior and apical prolapse. This was a retrospective cohort study including all women who underwent LUSLS for anterior and apical prolapse between January 2012 and December 2015 at a tertiary-care university hospital. All women had LUSLS hysteropexy and anterior colporrhaphy. Pre- and postoperative pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) measurements were taken. Prolapse symptoms were queried via standardized history. Patient satisfaction was measured by the Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I). Fifty-three women underwent the procedure during the study period. Follow-up data were available for 48 women. The mean preoperative POP-Q Ba point was 2.7 ± 1.6 and C point was -0.8 ± 2.8. At a mean follow-up of 17.5 ± 16.0 months with a median of 12 months (range, 1-54 months), there was a significant improvement of POP-Q points Ba, C, and Bp (P < 0.001 for all comparisons). Anatomical cure, defined as no prolapse of any POP-Q point at or below 1 cm above the hymen (-1), was 85.4%. Clinical cure, defined as a composite outcome of no prolapse outside the hymen, C point above total vaginal length/2, no prolapse symptoms, and no need for further treatment, was 95.8%. At a mean of 22.2 ± 12.4 months postoperatively, patient satisfaction was high, with 95.5% stating their condition was very much better (PGI-I-A) or much better (PGI-I-B). Laparoscopic uterosacral ligament suspension is a valid uterine-preserving option for women with anterior and apical prolapse, with high anatomical and clinical cure rates and patient satisfaction.

  15. Body image in the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Questionnaire: development and validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowder, Jerry L; Ghetti, Chiara; Oliphant, Sallie S; Skoczylas, Laura C; Swift, Steven; Switzer, Galen E

    2014-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a prolapse-specific body image questionnaire. Prolapse-specific body image themes that were identified in our previous work served as a framework for the development of a question pool. After review for face and content validity and reading level, the question pool was reduced to 21 items that represent predominant themes and that form the initial Body Image in Pelvic Organ Prolapse (BIPOP) questionnaire. Women with symptomatic prolapse of Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POPQ) of more than stage II were enrolled from 2 academic urogynecology practices; they completed questionnaires on pelvic floor symptoms and distress, general body image, depression, self-esteem, and the BIPOP questionnaire, and they underwent the POPQ. We field-tested the BIPOP questionnaire with approximately 200 participants; 10 women completed cognitive interviews, and 100 women repeated the BIPOP questionnaire to assess test-retest reliability. Two hundred eleven participants were enrolled, and 201 women had complete data. Participants had mean age of 60.2 ± 10.5 years, were predominantly white (98%), were partnered (80%), and had median POPQ stage III. Cognitive interviews confirmed comprehension and clarity of questions and acceptability of length and subject matter. Exploratory factor analysis was performed in an iterative process until a parsimonious, 10-item scale with 2 subscales was identified (subscale 1 represented general attractiveness; subscale 2 represented partner-related prolapse reactions). Cronbach's α score for the subscales were 0.90 (partner) and 0.92 (attractiveness). Correlations between related questionnaires and BIPOP subscales were strong and directionally appropriate. Test-retest correlations on both total and subscale measurements were high. We developed and validated a prolapse-specific body image measurement that has face and content validity, high internal consistency, strong correlation with general

  16. The role of pelvic organs prolapse in the etiology of urinary incontinence in women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zargham, Mahtab; Alizadeh, Farshid; Moayednia, Amir; Haghdani, Saeed; Nouri-Mahdavi, Kia

    2013-01-01

    Background: Urinary incontinence is relatively common in women and is usually associated with pelvic organs prolapse. Our aim was to determine the relationship between type and intensity of urinary incontinence and different grades and types of pelvic organ prolapse among women. Materials and Methods: One-hundred female patients with the chief complaint of incontinence, who were diagnosed with pelvic organ prolapse participated in this study. Intensity of prolapse, stress and urge incontinence were evaluated using POP-Q (Pelvic Organ Prolapse Questionnaire), SEAPI (Stress related, Emptying ability, Anatomy, Protection, Inhibition) and Freeman criteria, respectively. Results: Patients’ mean age was 51.95 ± 12.82 years. The most common type of incontinence was stress incontinence (53%) and the most common prolapse type was cystocele (76%). Cystocele and rectocele had a significant relationship with stress (P value = 0.012) and urge incontinence (P value = 0.035), respectively; however, no relationship was observed between different grades of cystocele, rectocele and enterocele with different types of urinary incontinence (P value > 0.05). In patients with urge and mixed incontinence, prolapse grade significantly increased with age, but no such relationship was found in patients with stress incontinence. The number of vaginal deliveries had a significant relationship only with cystocele and rectocele grade; however, the relationship between other variables such as intensity of different types of urinary incontinence and enterocele grade with the number of deliveries was not significant. Conclusion: Pelvic organ prolapse had a significant relationship with urinary incontinence regardless of intensity and POP should be examined in all of these patients. PMID:23977650

  17. Robotic mitral valve repair for anterior leaflet and bileaflet prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Evelio; Nifong, L Wiley; Chu, Michael W A; Wood, William; Vos, Paul W; Chitwood, W Randolph

    2008-02-01

    Centers have expanded indications for robotic mitral valve repairs to include complex pathologic features. We studied our results after robotic mitral valve repair for anterior leaflet or bileaflet prolapse. Data were collected contemporaneously on 289 patients operated on from May 2000 to September 2006. Every patient underwent preoperative transesophageal echocardiography. Follow-up consisted of serial echocardiograms, clinic visits, and phone conversations with patients and their physicians. A total of 66 patients (anterior leaflet, n = 14; and bileaflet, n = 52) were identified. Mean age was 52.6 +/- 7.1 years, and 57 (86%) patients had New York Heart Association functional class II or III symptoms. Cardiopulmonary bypass and cross-clamp times were 171 +/- 52 and 132 +/- 39 minutes, respectively. The 30-day and late mortality rates were 3% (n = 2) for each time point. There were no device-related or perfusion-related complications or sternotomy conversions. Complications included 2 strokes (3%), 2 bleeding reexplorations (3%), and 10 pleural effusions requiring intervention (15%). The length of hospital stay for surviving patients was 5 +/- 3 days, and time to extubation averaged 9.5 +/- 13 hours. A total of 6 (9%) patients required valve reoperation. Mean follow-up was 795 +/- 495 days, and echocardiographic mitral regurgitation (n = 60) was none or trace (n = 35, 58.3%), mild (n = 19, 31.6%), moderate (n = 2, 3.3%), and severe (n = 4, 6.7%). Robotic mitral valve repair for anterior leaflet and bileaflet prolapse is feasible and safe. Outcomes and degree of late mitral regurgitation are similar to series using conventional techniques. Long-term follow-up is required to formally address the efficacy of robotic repair techniques.

  18. Induction concurrent chemoradiotherapy using Paclitaxel and Carboplatin combination followed by surgery in locoregionally advanced non-small cell lung cancer--Asian experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yap, Swee-Peng; Lim, Wan-Teck; Foo, Kian-Fong; Hee, Siew-Wan; Leong, Swan-Swan; Fong, Kam-Weng; Eng, Philip; Hsu, Anne Al; Wee, Joseph Ts; Agasthian, Thirugnanam; Koong, Heng-Nung; Tan, Eng-Huat

    2008-05-01

    It has been established that combined chemoradiotherapy treatment benefits selected patients with stage III Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). However, locoregional recurrence still poses a problem. The addition of surgery as the third modality may provide a possible solution. We report our experience of using the triple-modality approach in this group of patients. This is a retrospective review of 33 patients with stage III NSCLC treated between 1997 and 2005. Patients have good performance status and no significant weight loss. There were 26 males (79 %) with median age of 63 years (range, 43 to 74) and median follow-up of 49 months. Seventy-six percent had Stage IIIA disease. Chemotherapy consisted of paclitaxel at 175 mg/m2 over 3 hours followed by carboplatin at AUC of 5 over 1 hour. Thoracic radiotherapy was given concurrently with the second and third cycles of chemotherapy. All patients received 50 Gray in 25 fractions over 5 weeks. The main toxicities were grade 3/4 neutropenia (30%), grade 3 infection (15 %) and grade 3 oesophagitis (9%). Twenty-five patients (76%) underwent surgery. Of the 8 who did not undergo surgery, 1 was deemed medically unfit after induction chemoradiotherapy and 4 had progressive disease; 3 declined surgery. Nineteen patients (58 %) had lobectomy and 6 had pneumonectomy. The median overall survival was 29.9 months and 12 patients are still in remission. The use of the triplemodality approach is feasible, with an acceptable tolerability and resectability rate in this group of patients.

  19. Gum chewing combined with oral intake of a semi-liquid diet in the postoperative care of patients after gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Yuping; Chen, Li; Zhong, Xiaorong; Feng, Suwen

    2017-10-01

    To evaluate the effects of gum chewing combined with a semi-liquid diet on patients after gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery. Previous studies suggested that chewing gum before traditional postoperative care promotes the postoperative recovery of bowel motility and function after open and laparoscopic surgery. However, gum chewing combined with a semi-liquid diet has not been reported in postoperative care of patients following gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery. A prospective randomised study. Total 234 patients were randomly assigned after elective gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery to a gum chewing and semi-liquid diet group, a semi-liquid only diet group or a liquid diet group. The gum chewing and semi-liquid diet group chewed sugar-free gum with an oral intake of a semi-liquid diet six hours postoperatively. The semi-liquid only diet and liquid diet groups received a semi-liquid diet or a liquid diet, respectively. The time to first bowel sounds, time to first regular postoperative bowel sounds, time to first passage of flatus, time to first defecation, serum gastrin and incidences of hunger, nausea, vomiting and abdominal distension were recorded. Hunger and gastrointestinal sensations were assessed using a four-point scale. Serum gastrin was assayed pre- and postoperatively using a gastrin radioimmunoassay kit. The gum chewing and semi-liquid diet group had first bowel sounds, first regular bowel sounds, first passage of flatus and first defecation earlier than the semi-liquid only and liquid groups. Increased serum gastrin was observed in the gum chewing and semi-liquid diet group. Incidences of nausea, vomiting and abdominal distention were not significantly different between these groups. Chewing gum combined with an oral intake of a semi-liquid diet is safe and accelerates the postoperative recovery of bowel function. It might be recommended as a better postoperative care regimen for patients after gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery. This study developed a

  20. Functional Outcome of Lumbar Discectomy by Fenestration Technique in Lumbar Disc Prolapse – Return to Work and Relief of Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umashankar, Mahesh Kotehal; Reddy, B.S. Jayakrishna

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Low back pain affects every population and is one of world’s foremost debilitating conditions. Clinically significant sciatica due to lumbar disc prolapse occurs in 4-6% of population. Fenestration discectomy as a surgical procedure is less time consuming, with lesser blood loss, lesser post-operative complications and does not compromise with stability of spine when compared to laminectomy. Aim Present study was conducted to determine extent of functional recovery i.e. pain relief and return to work in patients with lumbar disc prolapse treated by fenestration technique. Materials and Methods From October 2010 to March 2012, 50 patients with signs and symptoms of prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc who failed to respond to conservative treatment were operated for discectomy by fenestration technique and studied prospectively. Functional outcome was evaluated by ‘Back Pain Functional Score (BPFS)’ of Strafford et al., PROLO rating scale to determine preoperative functional and economical status and outcome at final follow up after 6 months. In order to identify physical signs from non organic signs Wadell’s score system was used. Result of surgery was evaluated with help of McNab’s criteria. Results In our study, according to Back Pain Functional Scale by Strafford et al., and PROLO scale, good results were found in 42 (84%) cases, fair result in 8 cases (16%) and none with poor results at follow up of six months. According to PROLO economical and functional scale, 84% cases were able to join their previous occupation at end of six months and 76% cases had complete pain relief. In our study, correlation of age and duration of symptoms to functional outcome was statistically significant (p=0.089 & p = 0.098+ respectively) showing more good results among patients with age less than 30 years and patients having duration of symptoms less than 6 months. Conclusion Functional outcome of fenestration technique in terms of return to work and