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Sample records for collectivites locales rapport

  1. Les dépenses interdites des collectivités locales The Forbidden Expenses of Local Entities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Boudet

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Les différentes réformes dites de « décentralisation » entreprises en France notamment depuis 1982 laisseraient entendre que les collectivités locales ont toute latitude dans la gestion de leurs compétences et de leurs finances. Il n’en rien, car, au-delà de dépenses obligatoires, les collectivités locales se voient interdire certaines dépenses. Le caractère unitaire de l’Etat expliquerait cette interdiction.In France, since 1982, the so-called “decentralisation” reforms would imply that local governments are independent with regard to the management of their resources and budget. This is not the case: aside from mandatory expenses, a few expenditures are forbidden to local governments. The unitary character of the State would explain this interdiction.

  2. Cogeneration and local authorities; Cogeneration et collectivites territoriales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    This conference is composed of 15 communications concerning cogeneration systems and applications in local communities. The main themes are: the regulation context and administrative procedures for cogeneration projects in France; legal aspects, risk covering, financing and sellback conditions for cogeneration systems; examples of cogeneration and tri-generation (with refrigeration energy) in different cities, airport, hospitals, campus, combined with the upgrading of district heating systems or municipal waste incineration plants. Impacts on energy savings and air pollution are also discussed

  3. District heating networks: tools for local organizations; Les reseaux de chaleur: outils des collectivites locales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    In France, about 250 cities are equipped with district heating networks which contribute to the improvement of the energy mastery and of the air quality, to the reduction of the energy dependence and of the petroleum bill, to a better management of wastes, and to the local development (activity and employment). After a recall of the history of the development of district heating in France, this report describes the advantages of district heating in the national and local policies of: energy mastery, development of renewable energy sources and cogeneration systems, improvement of air quality, and economical and social development of urban areas. Two remarkable examples of district heating networks (Metz and Vitry le Francois) are presented in appendix. (J.S.)

  4. Collectivités locales et responsabilité sociale des organisations : quelle impulsion ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Bodet

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available L'expérimentation du Bilan Sociétal, mise en place par Rennes Métropole dans des associations rennaises, montre comment s'organisent, se pilotent et se financent des initiatives en matière d'évaluation, dans le cadre de l'orientation d'une politique de développement durable et de responsabilité sociale territoriale. Les collectivités locales visent à favoriser de nouvelles formes de contractualisation entre les différents acteurs dans l'optique d'une co-construction d'une politique de développement durable territoriale. Cette expérimentation donne des pistes pour imaginer de nouveaux outils d'évaluation dans le cadre d'une économie plurielle.This paper presents the Bilan Sociétal experimentation in Rennes associations, realised by Rennes Métropole. It shows that local communities try to favour new forms of contracting between actors in the framework of the sustainable development and local social responsibility policies orientation. It shows however that this experimentation gives tracks to imagine new evaluation tools in a plural economy.

  5. Le financement de l'éducation dans les collectivités locales, quels ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article aims to analyse the support provided by the state to local collectivities in Mali, to target the expenditure categories included in the funding and observe their appropriation by the beneficiaries of education services. A sample of 20 communes based in five regions was selected to analyse the structure of budgetary ...

  6. Local authorities and electricity producers and distributors in France before the nationalization; Collectivites locales et producteurs et distributeurs d'electricite en France avant la nationalisation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fernandez, A. [Bordeaux-3 Univ. Michel de Montaigne, 33 (France)

    2008-07-15

    From the start, the cooperation between power companies and local authorities was unavoidable and necessary. Cities, holding the licensing authority, could achieve a kind of power to direct the electrical economy - a role that was reinforced when electricity was acknowledged as a public interest service - while they were, as potential public lighting consumers, a business partners to emerging power companies. However, not many local authorities handled electricity management directly in France. There were ideological and legal restrictions, until 1917, or even 1926, to direct management company incorporation. Yet the financial factor - the issue of the cost of setting up or taking over the operation - was also important : there may be like a 'city optimum' that very few cities could play. Undoubtedly, failing private investors, there were a little more city or inter-city companies in rural areas, after the Government decided to subsidize them in the Twenties. By the way considering the logic of the electrical economy, city companies, even in major cities, had to count on private producers to ensure most of their supplies. In the Thirties, the Federation Nationale des Collectivites Concedantes et Regies acted as a pressure group to defend the cities' interests against power companies that were mainly engaging in a relationship with the Government. (author)

  7. The consequences of the electricity law for the local organizations; Les consequences de la loi electricite pour les collectivites locales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-02-01

    The French law from February 10, 2000, relative to the modernization of the electric public utility, and more recently the law from January 3, 2003, relative to the gas and electricity markets and to the energy utilities, represent a significant evolution of the French electric power situation with new potentialities and new risks for the cities and the regions. In this new context, the local organizations should have to play a key role even as eligible consumers or as decentralized producers. Today, these organizations benefit of new rights, new duties and new powers, but they also undergo new constraints which are summarized in this document: 1 - the electric power and the local organizations before and after the electricity law (historical aspect; European directive from December 19, 1996; the February, 10, 2000 law); 2 - description of enforcement texts of the electricity law; 3 - the actions of the French organizations in the electricity domain and the consequences of the February 10, 2000 law (power consuming, power producing, power distributing, organizing and stimulating organizations); 4 - reactions of the French organizations with respect to the deregulation of the electric power market in Europe (power consuming and power producing towns). (J.S.)

  8. L’exercice fédéré des compétences locales. À propos de la fonction de «chef de file» en droit des collectivités territoriales français

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cédric Groulier

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available La révision constitutionnelle du 28 mars 2003 a introduit dans le droit des collectivités territoriales un dispositif que l’on pourrait qualifier d’exercice fédéré des compétences locales. Selon l’article 72 alinéa 5 de la Constitution, lorsque l’exercice d’une compétence nécessite le concours de plusieurs collectivités territoriales, la loi peut autoriser l’une d’entre elles ou un de leurs groupements à organiser les modalités de leur action commune, autrement dit à exercer les fonctions de chef de file. À travers cette figure du chef de file, la Constitution semble admettre un principe de superposition entre collectivités territoriales, dérogeant à la règle de l’interdiction des tutelles entre collectivités, liée à leur liberté d’administration. Toutefois, la portée effective de ce nouveau dispositif repose sur sa mise en œuvre législative : or, le législateur fait montre d’une grande réserve, sans doute injustifiée, qui maintient l’idée de superposition entre collectivités à l’état de virtualité.

  9. Energy performance control of local collectivities. Good practices of european towns; Mesure des performances energetiques des collectivites locales. Bonnes pratiques de villes europeennes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacassagne, S.; Schilken, P.

    2003-01-01

    Some european towns developed a specific energy and environmental policy, function of many factors. Policies are implemented to favorite the energy consumption and the pollutant emission control. The actions of local collectivities in the domain have been analyzed following three axis: the measure of the energy performance of local collectivities, the territorial energy management tools, the energy integration in sectoral policies. This report takes stock on the first axis analysis. (A.L.B.)

  10. Markets - collectivities; Marches - collectivites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouveret, Th.

    2004-07-15

    A forum has been organized on June 2004 (14-15) on auto-gas by Butagaz for local collectivities. A 'first' in public transport in France: an autogas powered boat at Tours is presented. (author)

  11. Markets - Collectivities; Marches - collectivites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2005-07-15

    Three articles are gathered in this data sheet: they deal with 1) Autogas: the French city of Laval receives its new LPG buses 2)Butagaz held in Annecy its second forum on Autogas for local public authorities 3)the incentives for clean vehicles set by the Ile-de-France Regional Council, including Paris City Council's fleet. (authors)

  12. Local collectivities and climatic change. Are you ready? A guide for the adaptation devoted to the local collectivities; Collectivites locales et changement climatique. Etes-vous pret? Un guide pour l'adaptation a l'attention des collectivites locales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Facing the climatic change effects, it is necessary to develop a national but also regional adaptation policy to the global warming. This guide aims to give, to the local managers, information on the global warming and bring possible adaptation measures. The sectors of planning, buildings, transports, public health, environment and public information are discussed. (A.L.B.)

  13. Local authorities and electricity: territories, actors and issues within the local public service in France; Les collectivites locales et l'electricite. Territoires, acteurs et enjeux autour du service public local de l'electricite en france

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouvier, G

    2005-06-15

    In France, the role of local authorities in the organization of the electricity supply system is largely unknown mainly due to the size of the state-owned utility Electricite de France (EDF). Local authorities and their groupings played a major role in the electrification of the national territory and have kept important prerogatives as conceding authorities of this service of general interest. These groupings also became the tools of the soft power of local actors. The geopolitical analysis of the relationships between local municipalities and electric power stakeholders shows the diversity of actors and opinions. Stuck between market liberalization issues and decentralization to local authorities, these groupings tend to reinforce their competencies. Furthermore, decentralization goes along with a reinforcement of the political involvement in local energy policy and with conflicts on the adequate territorial scale for theses policies. (author)

  14. Tarification incitative et gestion des Déchets Ménagers : études du comportement des collectivités locales françaises

    OpenAIRE

    Gnonlonfin, Amandine; Kocoglu, Yusuf

    2017-01-01

    Although the evidence of the incentive-based pricing effectiveness to reduce the production of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and to increase the recycling, its adoption in France has been barely developed over the two last decades. This paper analyses the determinants of incentive-based pricing adoption by French local governments. We investigate the effect of the MSW management cost on the decision of the local government in two ways. First we estimate the effect of the variation of the MSW ma...

  15. Which future for cogeneration in local communities? which impediments to overcome?; Quel avenir pour la cogeneration dans les collectivites territoriales? Quels obstacles a surmonter?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Descartes, P.

    1996-07-01

    The situation of cogeneration in France is reviewed, pointing the reasons for its low development compared to other countries in Europe; the centralization of power generation and especially nuclear power production, and the price regulation appear as the main causes. Recommendations for promoting cogeneration, based on the implementation of long term buying contracts and prices, power output thresholds, cogeneration industry organizations and relations with EDF (Electricite de France), are presented and discussed. Application potential in hospitals and other local community systems are presented, and the energy savings and pollution reductions are evaluated and compared following various scenarios

  16. Rapport probleemsituaties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, W.E.L. de; Steenbeek, R.

    2005-01-01

    Dit rapport is gebruikt als materiaal voor het congres "Naar eer en geweten" dat de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Verzekeringsgeneeskunde (NVVG) in 2005 heeft georganiseerd. Het raport bevat een onderzoek naar de vraag: "In hoeverre en op welke wijze is de uitvoering van het aangepaste

  17. Local organizations` expectations towards remote management of heating units: a building management system users group; Attentes des collectivites locales dans le domaine de la telegestion des chaufferies: le groupement des utilisateurs de systemes de telegestion (GUST)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Irigoin, M. [Mairie de Montpellier, 34 - Montpellier (France)

    1995-12-01

    A users group has been created in France for collective local organizations (cities, etc.) using remote management systems for heating plants and units, public buildings, etc., with several objectives: comparison of the various control equipment and software codes and evaluation of their system compatibility, promotion of control systems for small size units and integration of non-energy related functions, monitoring and maintenance of heating systems, training, development of data transmission protocols

  18. Energy: decentralized production and sustainable development of territories.... Tomorrow: which roles for the local organizations? Proceedings; Energie: production decentralisee et developpement durable des territoires.... Demain: quels roles pour les collectivites locales? Recueil des interventions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Labrousse, M. [Cabinet Explicit, 75 - Paris (France); Magnin, G. [Energie-Cites, 25 - Besancon (France)

    2002-07-01

    These 4. national energy sittings were organized around 3 invited talks and 16 workshops dealing with: the technological, economical and territorial stakes of decentralized energy; the small cogeneration experience of Frankfurt city (Germany); the new power supply tariff in Geneva (Switzerland), which choice for the consumer? Which role for the city?. Workshop 1 - knowing about the energy situation of a a territory: why? How? What the energy collective services scheme says; the example of a regional energy observatory. Workshop 2 - the electric power law: consequences for the local organizations; role and point of view of a licence holder with respect to the territory energy supply. Workshop 3 - the new legal dispositions for territory projects and the place of energy; a commonwealth of towns integrates the renewable energies in its competences; the solar ordinance of Barcelona (Spain). Workshop 4 - energy, a development tool inside the regional natural parks; a citizenship action for a wind power project; a district heating network supplied by a wood-fueled boiler plant and a gas-fueled cogeneration plant. Workshop 5 - cogeneration and cogeneration systems: what is the matter in France? In other countries? Which place for local systems?; district heating and cooling in Montpellier city: the tri-generation plant of the town hall. Workshop 6 - the success of biomass in Styria (Austria); geothermal energy and other energy sources, from competition to complementarity, the example of two district heating networks: Chevilly-Larue/l'Hay-les-Roses and Fresnes. Workshop 7 - overview of the French and European situation; a micro-hydroelectric power plant on a drinkable water supply; the Vauban district in Freiburg. Workshop 8 - heat pumps; solar thermal energy; solar photovoltaic power: from birth to full development; conversion, coupling and control technologies for the development of distributed power generation; evolution of biomass valorization files. Workshop 9

  19. Report about the purchase of electric power by local authorities. Report from the expertise group (August 11, 2004 version); Rapport sur l'achat d'electricite par les collectivites locales. Rapport du groupe d'expertise (version du 11 aout 2004)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The coexistence of both a regulated and a free gas and electricity market leads to a particular situation where public people can launch a call for bids procedure and stop it at any time, in particular if the de-regulated price becomes greater than the regulated one. This report from a working group of experts presents: the electricity purchase and competition (identification of sites concerned by the enforcement of competition and public markets right, towards the abandonment of the 'eligibility declaration' procedure); the general saving linked with power purchase contracts of eligible clients (synopsis of power demand contracts, grid access contracts, power supply contracts and balance contracts); enforcement of the public markets law to the electricity purchase for the supply of eligible town or inter-town sites, and intervention of public cooperation companies in the regrouping of these purchases (determination of market entering modalities and of the contractual framework applicable to these power purchases, advantage and modalities of purchases regrouping under a public cooperation company); document types; glossary. (J.S.)

  20. Politique d'accès universel axée sur les besoins des collectivités au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2006-05-01

    Extrants. Rapports. Final technical report iREACH, May 1, 2006 - August 31, 2010. Documents. Global Communications Newsletter, October 2010. Documents. How iREACH has contributed to local communities. Documents. Outcome mapping learning community : newsletter no. 1, 2009 ...

  1. Adaptation de collectivités africaines aux changements climatiques ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Documents. Adapting with enthusiasm : climate change adaptation in the context of participatory action research. Rapports. South African National Networking Meeting on Climate Change Adaptation, the Airport Grand Hotel, Johannesburg, 18 June 2009. Documents. Gender and climate change adaptation. Documents.

  2. Rapportering med ABC modellen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiese, Lars Ole

    2006-01-01

    I denne artikel diskuteres Activity Based Costing (ABC) som rapporterings-teknik for kunde profitabilitet. Der argumenteres for, at indtægtserhvervel-sen inkl. dens direkte omkostningsforbrug bør adskilles fra omkostnings-beskrivelsen til produktfremstilling. Dvs. der gennemføres en aktivitetsba......-seret rapportering for indtægter og en ABC model for omkostningsforbrug til produktfremstilling. Modellen er tilført logiske beslutningsobjekter (klas-sifikationer), som er opbygget niveaubaseret. Samtidigt føres belæg for, at ABC modellen bør baseres på logiske fordelinger til kalkulationsobjektet i stedet...

  3. Collectivités et exploitation minière au Canada et dans le monde ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Mines Alerte s'efforce, de trois manières, de faire en sorte que les pratiques de mise en valeur des ressources minérales soient compatibles avec des collectivités durables et avec la santé écologique : elle fournit un appui au renforcement des capacités et au réseautage dans les collectivités touchées par les activités ...

  4. Les rues fermées : du collectif à la collectivité. Regards croisés Nantes/Recife Gated streets: from social affinity to community. Crossed looks Nantes/Recife

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fanny Vuaillat

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose une analyse des rues fermées, publiques ou privées, dans deux contextes différents, Nantes en France et Recife au Brésil. Ce double regard analytique permet de s’extraire des effets de contextes pour tenter de percevoir le sens commun de ces rues dans la fabrique de la ville fermée. À partir d’une série d’observations et d’entretiens auprès de responsables techniques ou politiques des pouvoirs publics locaux, ainsi qu’auprès d’habitants, plusieurs rues fermées servent à appréhender la manière dont l’installation d’un obstacle au passage instaure une frontière qui impose un rapport négocié, non exempt de frictions, du collectif à constituer à la collectivité. Cette limite ne sert pas tant un entre-soi affinitaire, qu’elle ne préserve des intérêts communs, pour lesquels il s’agit de former un collectif. Il faut donc trouver un équilibre, qui s’avère être soit frictionnel, soit établi sur la base d’un consensus a minima. Mais les pouvoirs publics, avec un discours ambigu, laissent des marges de manœuvre à une négociation en initiant une gouvernance urbaine sur les bases de frontières, physiques et juridiques, malléables et poreuses.The article analyses restricted and gated streets in both different context, Nantes in France and Recife in Brazil. This double analysis minimizes the effects of context and tries to perceive generic meaning in the restricted city. Starting from observations and interviews with the representatives of local authorities and the dwellers, several examples are used to understand the installation of an obstacle which creates a border and imposes negotiation (not necessarily free from tensions between the dwellers group to be formed and the local authorities. This limit preserves a community of interest, more than a social affinity community. This kind of stability can be frictional or based on a soft consensus. Nevertheless, the ambiguous view of the

  5. Supportive leadership via rapport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warner, S L

    1981-01-01

    As the health care system is staffed by more and more professionals, the need for more supportive type leadership based on referent power will increase. In order to achieve the goals of the organization, leaders must begin to rely on their ability to communicate "themselves" to others, rather than on their coercive or legitimate power. Rapport (through empathy, respect, and warmth) is suggested as a means of influencing the attitudes of others and developing supportive leadership capabilities. The ever increasing professionalization of radiologic technology will necessitate more supportive type leadership both in the work place and within professional organizations.

  6. Rapport Pitfalls of Beginning Testers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teglasi, Hedwig; Freeman, Robert W.

    1983-01-01

    Uses verbatim examples from observation notes to describe common pitfalls of beginning testers in the area of rapport with children. Concluded that trainees in testing often cannot translate guidelines in the literature into effective rapport in the testing session. Observation of test administration in a realistic setting is essential. (JAC)

  7. Comprendre les décisions d'adaptation des collectivités vivant dans ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    21 avr. 2011 ... Afin de mieux comprendre les processus décisionnels de ces collectivités quant à l'utilisation de leurs ressources naturelles et la manière dont elles s'adaptent aux changements climatiques, les chercheurs ont eu recours à diverses techniques d'entrevue et de dialogue, notamment des sondages, des ...

  8. 3. national sittings on energy ''energy, urban mobility,... tomorrow: which responsibilities for the local governments?''; 3. assises nationales de l'energie. ''Energie, mobilite urbaine,... demain: quelles responsabilites pour les collectivites locales?''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This conference deals with the local government policy concerning the energy mastership of the transportation sector. Sixteen workshops discussed on the problem of the urban mobility in an environmental quality context: legal provisions affecting the energy mastership, mobility in the urban area, regulations, clean technologies enhancement, the public information impact on the energy consumption and the financial means. (A.L.B.)

  9. Slut rapport for STALPK

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, Ingemar; Tiedje, Niels; Sørensen, Rasmus Kirkegaard

    2004-01-01

    delar: A Kortare ledtider - Rapid Tooling B Förbättrade materialegenskaper Här föreliggande rapport avser delprojekt A. I projektet har två nya tekniker för snabb verktygstillverkning vidareutvecklats och testats. Sen ena metoden MST-metoden baseras på indirekt tillverkning av verktyget genom att en...... metallslurry vid rumstemperatur gjuts över en modell. Slurryn består av olika metallpulver, stålpulver och pulver av en kopparlegering. Bindning va metallpulvret och därigenom hållfasthet erhålls genom sintring i en inert atmosfär. Den andra metoden, MST-metoden, baseras på en kombination av sprayformning och...... precisionsgjutning i keramiska formar. Båda teknikerna har provats. Försök har gjorts med verktyg tillverkade med MST-metoden vid såväl statisk kokillgjutning som vid lågtryckskokillgjutning och pressgjutning. Verktyg tillverkat med PSF-metoden har testats dels som ett smidesverktyg, dels vid pressgjutning...

  10. Rapport om digitale oplysninger ved Aalborg Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bønsing, Sten

    Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv.......Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv....

  11. Renforcement de la résilience des collectivités de montagne ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ces efforts aideront les collectivités de montagne à mieux se préparer à faire face aux risques climatiques et autres; les connaissances acquises grâce au projet seront diffusées à l'échelle de la ... Analyse économique de la gestion des déchets solides et du drainage pour les villes résilientes au climat en Asie du Sud.

  12. La collaboration au service de la survie du littoral et des collectivités ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 févr. 2011 ... Aujourd'hui, cependant, il semble bien qu'un projet de gestion environnementale exécuté en collaboration a fait en sorte que les collectivités sont mieux en mesure de mettre un frein à une destruction qui, paradoxalement, n'a commencé qu'après la période de génocide et d'atrocités ayant pris fin en 1991.

  13. Moyens que prennent les collectivités pour faire face aux souvenirs ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Moyens que prennent les collectivités pour faire face aux souvenirs traumatiques - enseignements tirés d'Aceh et du Timor-Leste. La province d'Aceh et l'État maintenant indépendant du Timor-Leste (auparavant le Timor oriental) ont vécu des décennies de conflit et des violations massives des droits de la personne sous la ...

  14. CEEH Videnskabelig rapport nr. 10

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, K.; Ystanes Føyn, T. H.; Gregg, J. S.

    Klimakommissionen præsenterede deres rapport ”Grøn energi – vejen mod et dansk energisystem uden fossile brændsler” i september 2010 (Klimakommissionen 2010), hvor de viser, hvorledes det danske energisystem kan gøres uafhængigt af fossile brændsler inden 2050. Bag ved hovedrapporten ligger en la...

  15. Adaptation socioculturelle des collectivités de caboclos aux marées ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Études. Patterns of Caboclo perceptions and responses to increasing extreme flood events across the Amazon estuary. Études. Socio-ecological resilience in the context of sea level rise. Rapports. Patterns of Caboclo perceptions and responses to increasing extreme flood events across the Amazon estuary. Rapports.

  16. L'implication des ménages dans un service public local d'environnement : le cas de la gestion des déchets ménagers par les collectivités territoriales françaises

    OpenAIRE

    Vicard, Fanny

    2012-01-01

    This thesis deals with the issue of households’ participation to a local public service provision, offering an economic analysis of the strategies developed by local governments in France to involve households in waste reduction practices and recycling.In a first part, we present the policy instruments available to local governments in the French context to foster the adoption by households of waste management practices more respectful of the environment. Environmental economics are used here...

  17. Pembentukan Rapport di Kelas: Analisis Psikologi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muna Erawati

    2017-01-01

    Abstrak: Penguasaan Bahasa Arab penting bagi calon sarjana dari Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam. Tetapi, skor tes mereka tidak mendukung harapan ini. Sebagian mahasiswa melaporkan mereka kurang percaya diri, nyaman, dan aman saat mengikuti kuliah Bahasa Arab maupun dalam interaksi dengan dosen pengampu. Padahal perasaan aman dan nyaman tersebut bermanfaat untuk memelihara dan meningkatkan motivasi belajar mahasiswa. Riset ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pembentukan rapport antara dosen dengan mahasiswa dalam konteks pembelajaran di kelas. Pertanyaan penelitian meliputi, apa sajakah strategi dosen yang diterapkan untuk membentuk rapport, faktor-faktor apa saja yang memengaruhi pembentukan rapport, dan bagaimana mekanisme ter­bentuknya rapport antara dosen dengan mahasiswa? Studi ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, di mana data dikumpulkan melalui teknik kuesioner, observasi, dan interviu. Ada sembilan strategi pembentukan rapport yang ditemukan. Terdapat enam faktor yang memengaruhi pembentukan rapport dosen-mahasiswa.

  18. Élaboration d’indicateurs pour l’évaluation des collectivités-amies des aînés au Canada : démarche et résultats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Orpana

    2016-01-01

    initiatives de CAA à l’échelon local. Un guide convivial est disponible pour soutenir et diffuser ce travail. Conclusion : Les indicateurs de CAA sont susceptibles d’aider les collectivités à procéder à l’évaluation de leurs initiatives amies des aînés, ce qui constitue la dernière étape du cycle des jalons pancanadiens des CAA. Les collectivités sont en effet encouragées à améliorer leurs initiatives amies des aînés à partir de l’évaluation de leurs résultats, afin d’en faire profiter un large éventail de Canadiens.

  19. Des démarches axées sur les collectivités et fondées sur des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Pour aider à la conception de systèmes de santé et inciter les gens à investir dans leur propre santé, il est crucial d'interagir avec les collectivités. La collaboration entre les chercheurs, les membres des collectivités et les travailleurs en santé communautaire permet de s'attaquer aux problèmes de santé et d'éclairer les ...

  20. Des collectivités forestières du Nigeria prennent des mesures pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 juin 2016 ... Pour de plus amples informations, lisez les rapports : New black gold: how can carbon markets work for forest communities? (PDF, 1.5MB); Understanding global forest policy tools at the community scale (PDF, 884KB) ...

  1. Rendre les collectivités rurales mieux à même de réduire au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 avr. 2016 ... Les chercheurs ont découvert que les collectivités pastorales, bien qu'elles soient particulièrement touchées par la brucellosis, connaissent très peu cette maladie. On contracte cette zoonose très contagieuse en consommant le lait non pasteurisé ou la viande insuffisamment cuite d'un animal infecté ou en ...

  2. La participation de la collectivité aide à améliorer la santé au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 janv. 2018 ... Un projet novateur de santé mobile appelé MOS@N aide les populations vulnérables du district de Nouna, au Burkina Faso, à être en meilleure santé ... Les valeurs sociales paternalistes profondément ancrées dans la collectivité incitent aussi beaucoup d'hommes à interdire à leur femme de « perdre leur ...

  3. Réaction du gouvernement et des collectivités à la violence liée aux ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Extrants. Études. State and community responses to drug-related violence in Mexico. Rapports. Respuestas estatales y comunitarias a la violencia asociada al narcotráfico en México : informe técnico. Rapports. State and community responses to drug-related violence in Mexico ...

  4. Rapports sociaux de sexe et trajectoires scolaires

    OpenAIRE

    Zaidman, Claude

    2009-01-01

    Une sociologie des rapports de sexe Les années 1980 sont marquées pour les sociologues (féministes) par la création d’un nouveau champ en sciences sociales autour d’une problématique des rapports sociaux de sexes. Il s’agit, à partir des avancées critiques et théoriques, de développer des recherches concernant des groupes sociaux et des pratiques sociales jusqu’alors « oubliés » ou occultés par la plupart des sociologues. Cette nouvelle approche définit les rapports de sexe comme une des dime...

  5. Rapports financiers trimestriels | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapports financiers trimestriels. 2017. Rapport financier trimestriel pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 30 septembre 2017 · Rapport financier trimestriel pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 30 juin 2017 · Analyse de la direction et États financiers 2016–2017 ...

  6. La protection sociale et les collectivités vulnérables en Afrique de l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La protection sociale et les collectivités vulnérables en Afrique de l'Est - retombées sur le bien-être des ménages. Les mécanismes de protection sociale peuvent réduire la pauvreté et la vulnérabilité, accroître le niveau de scolarité et le taux d'emploi et stimuler la croissance économique. Les initiatives de protection sociale ...

  7. ØG-DDB teknisk rapport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Flemming; Karlshøj, Jan; Hauch, Peter

    Nærværende rapport er den tekniske slutrapport for projektet Måling af økonomiske gevinster ved Det Digitale Byggeri (byggeriets digitalisering). Projektet er finansieret af Klima-, Energi og Bygningsstyrelsen og har haft en projektperiode fra medio 2009 til primo 2012. Projektet er udført på DTU...

  8. Revenge versus rapport: Interrogation, terrorism, and torture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alison, Laurence; Alison, Emily

    2017-04-01

    This review begins with the historical context of harsh interrogation methods that have been used repeatedly since the Second World War. This is despite the legal, ethical and moral sanctions against them and the lack of evidence for their efficacy. Revenge-motivated interrogations (Carlsmith & Sood, 2009) regularly occur in high conflict, high uncertainty situations and where there is dehumanization of the enemy. These methods are diametrically opposed to the humanization process required for adopting rapport-based methods-for which there is an increasing corpus of studies evidencing their efficacy. We review this emerging field of study and show how rapport-based methods rely on building alliances and involve a specific set of interpersonal skills on the part of the interrogator. We conclude with 2 key propositions: (a) for psychologists to firmly maintain the Hippocratic Oath of "first do no harm," irrespective of perceived threat and uncertainty, and (b) for wider recognition of the empirical evidence that rapport-based approaches work and revenge tactics do not. Proposition (a) is directly in line with fundamental ethical principles of practice for anyone in a caring profession. Proposition (b) is based on the requirement for psychology to protect and promote human welfare and to base conclusions on objective evidence. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  9. Les plans climat énergie territoriaux :voies d’appropriation du facteur 4 par les collectivités et les acteurs locaux ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Godinot

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Si les chocs pétroliers initient les politiques d’économies d’énergie des collectivités françaises, ce n’est qu’un peu après le sommet de Kyoto, au tournant des années 2000, que naissent les plans climat, par lesquels elles s’engagent sur un objectif quantifié et daté de réduction des émissions. Ces plans climat énergie territoriaux de première génération intègrent souvent l’objectif facteur 4. En pratique, ils butent sur diverses difficultés de conception et de mise œuvre, reflétant un hiatus entre des plans d’actions de court terme, tendanciels et correctifs, et un objectif de long terme requérant de profondes mutations. L’articulation entre des plans d’action énergie-climat de court terme, la planification territoriale et le développement d’une prospective énergétique territoriale apparaît alors comme une condition d’appropriation et de succès essentiels du facteur 4 par les acteurs locaux.While the first energy policies adopted by French local authorities resulted from the 1970s oil crises, the first local climate protection plans only started to emerge around 2000, in the wake of the Kyoto Earth Summit. These first generation plans are committed to a time-bound and measurable objective of emissions reduction and often refer to the factor 4 objective. They are faced with various conception and implementation challenges, which lead to a major discrepancy between short-term and corrective measures based on current trends, and a long-term objective requiring structural change. Combining short-term climate protection plan, land planning and the development of local energy futures studies thus appears as a key condition for local actors to truly work towards factor 4.

  10. Droit administratif international - amélioration des rapports ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Droit administratif international - amélioration des rapports interinstitutionnels au chapitre de la gouvernance de la réglementation. La recherche portant sur la façon dont les rapports avec les institutions et entre celles-ci sont susceptibles de compromettre la capacité des pays en développement de concrétiser leurs ...

  11. Professor-Student Rapport Scale: Six Items Predict Student Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Janie H.; Ryan, Rebecca G.

    2013-01-01

    Rapport between students and teachers leads to numerous positive student outcomes, including attitudes toward the teacher and course, student motivation, and perceived learning. The recent development of a Professor-Student Rapport scale offers assessment of this construct. However, a Cronbach's [alpha] of 0.96 indicated item redundancy, and the…

  12. La suppression de la notation au profit de l'entretien professionnel : le cas de la collectivité territoriale de Reims

    OpenAIRE

    Alexina Corvisier

    2011-01-01

    Une révolution managériale s'opère actuellement au sein des collectivités territoriales. En effet, la traditionnelle notation va complètement disparaître du paysage des administrations publiques et de leur communauté d'agglomération d'ici cinq ans. En attendant, le décret n°2010-716 du 29 juin 2010 permet à celles-ci d'expérimenter l'entretien professionnel pour évaluer les agents. L'intérêt du mémoire est d'analyser la façon dont cette transition a lieu au sein de la collectivité territorial...

  13. Réduction du risque de pollution de l'eau dans les collectivités ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Reduciendo el riesgo de contaminación en las comunidades costeras vulnerables de Cartagena, Colombia : respondiendo al cambio climático; interacciones entre cuencas, mar y comunidades. Téléchargez le PDF. Rapports. Reduciendo el riesgo de contaminación en las comunidades costeras vulnerables de Cartagena ...

  14. Vers une collectivité productive à Malika (Sénégal) : une expérience ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    aménagement participatif; rapport technique final (1 octobre 2008 au 31 mars 2013) ... This project is being carried out in parallel with a research-action project entitled, Mbeubeuss Landfill : Exploring Options to Protect Health, the Environment, and ...

  15. Intérêt des collectivités pour l'implantation d'arbres nourriciers dans les parcs urbains : le cas de Villa El Salvador, au Pérou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lafontaine, M.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Intérêt des collectivités pour l'implantation d'arbres nourriciers dans les parcs urbains : le cas de Villa El Salvador, au Pérou. A study was conducted in Villa El Salvador, Peru, in order to evaluate the interest of local community members in establishing food trees within neighbourhood public green areas. Focus groups and semi-directed interviews conducted with the community actors allowed to identify their perceptions regarding the role these trees could play, the most appropriate management methods for their establishment and maintenance, as well as the best ways of allocating their products. SWOT ( Strength - Weaknesses – Opportunities- Threats and AHP (Analytical Hierarchisation Process analyses permitted to identify the most important favourable and restrictive factors affecting the long-term success of this production strategy. Results show that the possibility of harvesting edible products for family consumption, neighbourhood food aid programs or sale would motivate the inhabitants to contribute to the activities related to the establishment and maintenance of food trees. However, in order to be successful, the implementation of food trees within public green areas has to be in line with neighbourhood policies developed by the local population and to carefully anticipate possible sources of conflicts.

  16. Pour une relecture praxéologique des réformes en contexte multilingue : L’exemple de l’Accompagnement Personnalisé en Collectivité Ultra-Marine de Saint-Martin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Candau Olivier-Serge

    2014-07-01

    néerlandaise de Saint-Martin, dont la partie française est désormais « Collectivité d'Outre-Mer de la République » (COM depuis 2007 se caractérise par une situation de multilinguisme (anglais, créole haïtien, espagnol, français et pose la question des stratégies pédagogiques et didactiques à adopter dans le cadre de l’enseignement du français. La prise en compte des spécificités langagières du public saint-martinois infléchit les pratiques possibles en invitant à un nouveau positionnement quant à la définition des finalités de tout accompagnement personnalisé de l’élève plurilingue (Castellotti et Moore, 2008 au sein de sa scolarisation. Cette étude vise donc à modéliser les rapports peut-être problématiques entre processus interactionnels et situations éducatives (Fillietaz & Schubauer-Leoni, 2008. Il s’agit à travers un dispositif particulier de la Réforme, l’Accompagnement personnalisé (AP, de décrire comme le contenu d’enseignement, l’activité enseignante et celle de l’élève bouleversent le modèle didactique systématique (Carnus, 2010, en lui imposant dans ce contexte multilingue d’enseignement, de nouveaux défis. Nous proposons, dans le cadre de cette étude, de présenter en quoi la relecture praxéologique de la Réforme peut favoriser une meilleure compréhension linguistique des présupposés didactiques qui lui sont inhérents. Un premier panorama permettra de faire ressortir un faisceau de convergences entre Réforme et approche praxéologique, avant d’esquisser des propositions de catégories épistémologiques possibles pour appréhender in situ la Réforme, et proposer une ébauche des résultats observées.

  17. Predicting Academic Success with Early, Middle, and Late Semester Assessment of Student-Instructor Rapport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lammers, William J.; Gillaspy, J. Arthur, Jr.; Hancock, Felecia

    2017-01-01

    We used a brief scale to measure student-instructor rapport and assessed the degree to which student's perceived rapport at the beginning, middle, and end of the semester predicted final course grades in a traditional course. Results showed a positive correlation between rapport scores and final grades such that rapport at each of the time points…

  18. Women in parole: respect and rapport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ireland, Connie; Berg, Bruce

    2008-08-01

    Although the number of females in law enforcement has increased in recent years, research suggests that the uniquely gendered contributions of females are minimized in favor of traditional modes of law enforcement, emphasizing physical presence, authoritative commands, and demonstrative control. This research examines women in parole, using in-depth interviews with a small convenience sample of female parole agents in California. Participants discussed their experiences as parole agents from the perspective of women in a predominantly male occupation. Overwhelmingly, they emphasized traditionally associated female traits of intuition, verbal communication, and relationships, over physical tactics. Participants emphasized the importance of building respect and rapport with parolees in multiple contexts, including in the parolees' homes, with the families of parolees, and at parolees' places of employment. Participants suggested that this approach ensures their personal safety and enhances parolee compliance, especially when considering their subjective account of experiences by male parole agents.

  19. Rapports annuels | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapports annuels. Le CRDI publie un rapport annuel dans lequel il présente ses états financiers et ses résultats. Ce rapport met en outre en évidence des chercheurs bénéficiaires de subventions du CRDI et en décrit les projets et les réalisations clés. C'est le principal outil par lequel le Centre rend compte de ses activités ...

  20. Instructor-Student Rapport in Taiwan ESL Classrooms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathan G. Webb

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Positive relationships between instructors and students are critical to effective learning in the classroom. Rooted in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SoTL, and centered at the crossroads of interpersonal communication and instructional communication (Affective Learning Model, this study examines how instructors in a Taiwan ESL school build relationships with Taiwanese students. Instructors were interviewed regarding the behaviors they use to build rapport with their students. Results show that instructors build rapport with their students using several specific techniques: uncommonly attentive behaviors, common grounding behaviors, courteous behaviors, connecting behavior, information sharing behavior, a balancing of connection and authority, adaptation of rapport to student level, and provision of a respite to norms. The findings provide specific examples of how instructors can build rapport in intercultural classrooms.

  1. Rapport d'étape - Embonpoint et obésité chez les enfants au Canada : une évaluation globale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepa P. Rao

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : L'obésité est un facteur de risque complexe des maladies chroniques associé à un certain nombre de déterminants socioécologiques. Ce rapport d'étape fournit un aperçu du cadre socioécologique qui guide actuellement nos efforts de suivi de l'embonpoint et de l'obésité chez les enfants. Ce cadre intègre différents facteurs de risque et de protection (facteurs sociodémographiques, liés au mode de vie, psychosociaux et en début de vie et tient compte de l'étape de vie, des niveaux d'influence et de l'environnement au sein desquels ces facteurs jouent un rôle. Méthodologie : Nous avons effectué des analyses univariées et bivariées fondées sur les données de l'Enquête sur la santé dans les collectivités canadiennes et de l'Enquête canadienne sur les mesures de la santé pour rendre compte des facteurs comportementaux, des facteurs psychosociaux et des facteurs en début de vie associés à un surplus de poids chez les enfants canadiens. Résultats : Les estimations liées aux facteurs en début de vie (p. ex. l'allaitement, aux facteurs comportementaux (p. ex. l'activité physique et aux facteurs psychosociaux (p. ex. le sentiment d'appartenance à la collectivité sont présentées en fonction du groupe d'âge, du sexe, de la suffisance du revenu et du poids. Conclusion : Cette étude, qui s'appuie sur notre publication récente sur les tendances en matière d'obésité chez les enfants au Canada et les facteurs sociodémographiques qui y sont associés, présente les facteurs de risque et de protection intégrés à notre cadre de surveillance. D'après notre analyse, une évaluation plus globale des déterminants associés au maintien d'un poids santé est nécessaire.

  2. Rapport: Coding Class - Dokumentation og evaluering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansbøl, Mikala; Ejsing-Duun, Stine

    2017-01-01

    Denne rapport rummer evaluering og dokumentation af Coding Class projektet . Coding Class projektet blev igangsat i skoleåret 2016/2017 af IT-Branchen i samarbejde med en række medlemsvirksomheder, Københavns kommune, Vejle Kommune, Styrelsen for IT- og Læring (STIL) og den frivillige forening...... Coding Pirates . Rapporten er forfattet af Docent i digitale læringsressourcer og faglig leder af forsknings- og udviklingsmiljøet Digitalisering i Skolen (DiS), Mikala Hansbøl, fra Institut for Skole og Læring ved professionshøjskolen Metropol; og Lektor i læringsteknologi, interaktionsdesign, design...... tænkning og design-pædagogik, Stine Ejsing-Duun fra Forskningslab: It og Læringsdesign (ILD-LAB) ved Institut for Kommunikation ved Aalborg Universitet i København. Vi har fulgt og gennemført evaluering og dokumentation af Coding Class projektet i perioden november 2016 til maj 2017...

  3. Gestion de l'eau — Des collectivités relèvent le défi de fournir de l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 févr. 2011 ... Ces recherches montrent clairement, en outre, que l'accès à l'eau de même que la distribution, le partage et la préservation de cette ressource exigent un cadre .... Le río Mauri, qui traverse la région à faibles précipitations de l'Altiplano, en Bolivie, est une source de vie pour 70 collectivités des hautes terre, ...

  4. Les collectivités : une source de déchets organiques et une voie de valorisation de la chaleur pour la méthanisation agricole ?

    OpenAIRE

    LEVASSEUR, Pascal ; CHARPIOT, Alicia ; LE GUEN, Gaëlle

    2013-01-01

    Un des intérêts de la méthanisation est qu'elle peut participer à un recyclage extrêmement rentable des déchets. De fait, les collectivités ont un rôle à jouer dans ce processus car elles génèrent de nombreux types de déchets. Mais dans quelles mesures leur participation est-elle actuellement intéressante ? La volonté d'aboutir à une plus grande efficacité induit des changements de comportement de la part des foyers et des institutions. Quels sont-ils?

  5. Information report realized for the Senate delegation to the territory management and sustainable development on the local energies; Rapport d'information fait au nom de la delegation du Senat a l'amenagement et au developpement durable du territoire sur les energies locales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belot, C.; Juilhard, J.M

    2006-06-15

    This report deals with the renewable energies and the local development called the territory intelligence in action. Taking into account the place of the electricity in the french energy accounting and the part of the nuclear in its production, the local authorities have to act in the heat domain, which is the first energy need in France, far in front of the specific electricity (those which cannot be replace by other type of energy). But 80% of the heat is today covered by fossil energies. No actions to change this situation will be done without a real implication of the local government. The authors preconize an ambitious objective: cover 50% of the heat needs from renewable energies in the next generat This objective must rely on a program called ''alternative energies''. In this framework the authors provide recommendations on the implementation of the renewable energies as an essential challenge for the local authorities. (A.L.B.)

  6. Group Rapport: Posture Sharing as a Nonverbal Indicator

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaFrance, Marianne; Broadbent, Maida

    1976-01-01

    Systematic observation and a questionnaire format were used to investigate the relationship between posture sharing and self-report indications of rapport in a group situation--college seminar classrooms. The greater the amount of mirroring and congruent postures evidenced by students vis-a-vis the teacher, the higher the ratings of involvement.…

  7. Rapport: The Value for Money Discourse: Risks and Opportunities ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    optimisation des ressources exerce également une influence croissante sur ce qui revêt de l'importance pour les bailleurs de fonds. Le rapport The Value for Money Discourse: Risks and Opportunities for R4D a pour but de ...

  8. Droit administratif international - amélioration des rapports ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La recherche portant sur la façon dont les rapports avec les institutions et entre celles-ci sont susceptibles de compromettre la capacité des pays en développement de concrétiser leurs ... Are you being MRV'D? : seeing like a planet and the regulatory challenges of governing climate change policy in emerging economies.

  9. Un nouveau rapport indique que les entrepreneurs vietnamiens sont ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    17 juil. 2015 ... Plus de 70 % des entrepreneurs vietnamiens choisissent de se lancer en affaires afin de profiter des occasions qui se présentent à eux. C'est l'une ... Un nouveau rapport indique que les entrepreneurs vietnamiens sont axés sur la croissance ... Lisez le 2014 Vietnam Report du GEM (format PDF, 2,7 Go).

  10. PØTO Rapport Nr. 1 - Teoretisk Foranalyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edwards, Kasper; Riis, Jesper; Møldrup, Morten

    Denne rapport indeholder det teoretiske grundlag samt beskrivelse af undersøgelsesdesign og behandling af indsamlet empiri. Rapporten indleder med en beskrivelse af de problemer som danske virksomheder står overfor med stigende globalisering og løntung drift. Produktmodeller og produktkonfigurati...

  11. Intégration des TIC dans la gouvernance locale au Sénégal | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Intégration des TIC dans la gouvernance locale au Sénégal. Ce projet s'inscrit dans le contexte de la mise en oeuvre du plan d'action du Somment mondial sur la société de l'information (SMSI). Ce plan met l'accent entre autres sur la nécessité d'un partenariat public-privé pour permettre aux collectivités africaines un ...

  12. Information and Communication Technology Clusters, Local Firm ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Impacto de la presencia y actividades de las empresas multinacionales TIC y habilitadas por las TIC sobre las empresas locales TIC de Costa Rica. Études. ICT sectors and clusters, local firm performance and employment generation in Argentina. Rapports. ICT sectors and clusters, local firms performance and employment ...

  13. Environnement alimentaire de la vente au détail et expériences de magasinage dans les collectivités des Premières nations du nord des provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristin Burnett

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Cet article porte sur l'environnement de la vente d’aliments dans les collectivités des Premières nations du nord des provinces, en particulier sur la concurrence éventuelle dans la vente au détail de la North West Company (NWC ainsi que sur les expériences d'achats alimentaires de la population vivant dans le Nord canadien. Méthodologie : Nous avons utilisé deux méthodologies pour évaluer l’environnement alimentaire de la vente au détail dans le Nord. D’abord, nous avons cartographié les détaillants en alimentation du Nord afin d’examiner le degré de concurrence au détail dans les régions nordiques, en prêtant une attention particulière aux collectivités qui ne sont pas accessibles à l’année par la route. Ensuite, nous avons enquêté auprès des personnes vivant dans les collectivités du Nord canadien à propos de leurs expériences d’achat au détail et de magasinage. Résultats : Cinquante‑quatre pour cent des collectivités du nord des provinces et du Grand Nord n’avaient aucune épicerie en concurrence avec la NWC. Les provinces comptant les plus fortes proportions de collectivités nordiques sans concurrence dans la vente au détail étaient l’Ontario (87 %, la Saskatchewan (83 % et le Manitoba (72 %. Les participants au sondage (n = 92 ont fait état de leurs préoccupations quant à leurs expériences d'achat dans trois grands secteurs : le coût des aliments, la qualité et la fraîcheur des aliments et la disponibilité de certains aliments. Conclusion : La concurrence dans la vente au détail est limitée dans le nord des provinces. Au Manitoba, en Saskatchewan et en Ontario, la NWC ne fait face à aucune concurrence dans au moins 70 % des collectivités nordiques. Les consommateurs du Nord canadien considèrent que les aliments nutritifs sont peu abordables, et ils souhaitent avoir accès à un plus grand choix d’aliments périssables en bon état.

  14. Lignes directrices pour la preparation des rapports de recherche

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Jean-Claude Dumais

    varie considérablement d'un boursier à l'autre en fonction, entre autres, de la nature de la recherche, de la méthodologie utilisée et de la participation à des activités connexes comme des congrès ou des conférences. Tous les rapports doivent, cependant, comprendre les éléments suivants : 1. un calendrier des activités.

  15. Les i-jumelages au service de la solidarité internationale et du développement local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Durand-Tornare

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available L’association « Villes internet » propose depuis plusieurs années aux collectivités françaises de mettre en action des i-jumelages. L’idée est simple : utiliser Internet comme vecteur pour la construction de ces nouvelles solidarités internationales entre acteurs locaux, collectivités locales et acteurs du tiers secteur non marchand. Il s’agit de mettre très concrètement en place via Internet de nouveaux modes de co-développement, basés sur des logiques de réciprocité, d’échanges de savoir et...

  16. Rapport annuel au Parlement Loi sur l'accès à l'information Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    leonardi

    1 juil. 1983 ... 4. INTERPRÉTATION DU RAPPORT STATISTIQUE. RAPPORT STATISTIQUE 2013-2014. La section suivante explique de façon détaillée le rapport statistique produit aux fins de la Loi, consultable à l'annexe B. PARTIE 1 – DEMANDES REÇUES EN VERTU DE LA LOI SUR L'ACCÈS À L'INFORMATION.

  17. Testing the relationship between mimicry, trust and rapport in virtual reality conversations

    OpenAIRE

    Joanna Hale; Hamilton, Antonia F. de C.

    2016-01-01

    People mimic each other?s actions and postures during everyday interactions. It is widely believed this mimicry acts as a social glue, leading to increased rapport. We present two studies using virtual reality to rigorously test this hypothesis. In Study 1, 50 participants interacted with two avatars who either mimicked their head and torso movements at a 1 or 3 second time delay or did not mimic, and rated feelings of rapport and trust toward the avatars. Rapport was higher towards mimicking...

  18. Internationalisation; KonKraft-rapport 4; Internasjonalisering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2008-07-01

    Internationalisation has made rapid progress in the Norwegian petroleum cluster the last decade, due to a long range of important technological breakthroughs and innovations from the Norwegian continental shelf. Such innovations have created the basis for internationalization, i.e. innovation has led to internationalisation, not vice versa. Internationalisation has caused a substantial increase in the activity level of the Norwegian petroleum sector and has been a major factor in the creation of new work-places. There are no indications that the strong international growth has expelled activities from the Norwegian continental shelf. The strong international position which certain environments have achieved is clearly a result of the willingness to invest in new technology on the Norwegian continental shelf and implementing the same technology. Innovation in the home market has acted as a key opener for internationalisation. The interaction between the petroleum industry on the Norwegian continental shelf and the Norwegian and international subcontracting industry together with the research sector gives results. At the same time the global onshore and offshore market is growing fast and transforming. National oil companies are increasingly important for the Norwegian petroleum cluster. They often make demands on local presence and local content in goods and services, but they also have an increasing need for advanced technology in order to meet their growth ambitions. The study shows that it is not sufficient that Norwegian-owned companies win contracts on the international markets to make the Norwegian oil- and gas environment internationally competitive. Norway must also present itself as an interesting base for these companies. Production, sales and service may take place in the markets, but the head offices and competence building activities must be located to and take place in Norway. Failing to meet this demand means that the Norwegian environment will

  19. Rapport om vandføring i Nedre Ry Å

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Hans F.

    Herværende rapport er udarbejdet i forbindelse med Limfjordsundersøgelsen i henhold til skrivelse af 20. august 1973 fra Det Danske Hedeselskab, Hydrometrisk afdeling, Slagelse, hvorefter laboratoriet anmodes om at undersøge de hydrauliske forhold i de nederste dele af åløbene, hvor påvirkningen ...... fra vandstandsændringer i Limfjorden kan forekomme, idet der lægges særlig vægt på forholdende i Ry A....

  20. Relationship between Teacher-Student Rapport and High-Stakes Testing Performance in Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimbro, Nathan Shawn

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this predictive correlational study was to determine if a predictive relationship existed between teacher-student rapport, as perceived by students, and biology achievement scores. The Teacher-Student Likert Scale Questionnaire was used to measure students' perceptions of rapport with their science instructor. Students' scores on…

  1. Rapport, Motivation, Participation, and Perceptions of Learning in U.S. and Turkish Student Classrooms: A Replication and Cultural Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frisby, Brandi N.; Slone, Amanda R.; Bengu, Elif

    2017-01-01

    Building on previous rapport research, Hofstede's dimensions of culture, and calls for culture-centered instructional research, this study examined instructor-student rapport in U.S. and Turkish college classrooms. U.S. participants (N = 143) and Turkish participants (N = 185) completed measures of rapport, state motivation, participation, and…

  2. Rapports interethniques et identité : l'exemple des pasteurs peuls et des cultivateurs hummbeebe au Mali central

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruijn, de M.E.

    2000-01-01

    Les rapports interethniques sont essentiels pour les pasteurs semi-nomades et l'identité des Peuls est ainsi modelée par les rapports qu'ils entretiennent avec le monde extérieur. Dans cet article l'auteur analyse les changements en cours dans les rapports entre les éleveurs peuls et les

  3. Student – teacher rapport: a new conceptualization for the context of higher education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Bardorfer

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Various definitions of rapport can be found between different disciplines and also within a certain discipline, including higher education. Effective teaching is a challenging task and requires a skilled teacher. In addition to managing a variety of didactic and pedagogical approaches, teacher should also be able to create a positive learning environment, including creating a good rapport with his/her students. Unfortunately, numerous imprecise definitions of student-teacher rapport in higher education, usually taken from dictionaries, are used by researchers in this field. We belive this is the reason why they don't provide possibilities for clear operationalization and development of a proper instrument for measuring the quality of student-teacher rapport. In this paper we proposed a new conceptualization of student-teacher rapport in higher education, built on the existing model of general rapport and on the basis of relevant findings from the field of higher education. We defined rapport as an interactive phenomena and placed the emphasis on the subjective experience / insider's perspective, although the quality of rapport can also be estimated through various verbal and non-verbal clues. This experiental aspect is expressed in feelings and thoughts of interactants. Since the teacher acts as a leader of the teaching/learning process he/she is responsable for creating good rapport with his/her students. In the proposed conceptualization we've used same structural components as L. Tickle-Degnen and Rosenthal (1990 used in their model of rapport and adapted them for the context of higher education. These are positivity, mutual attention and coordination. Looking at the existing concepts of student-teacher rapport in higher education through the prism of the aforementioned model, it can be seen that all elements relate either to positivity or mutual attention, while the component of coordination is almost completely absent. In our opinion, it is

  4. Politique d'accès universel axée sur les besoins des collectivités au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2006-05-01

    Outputs. Reports. Final technical report iREACH, May 1, 2006 - August 31, 2010. Papers. Global Communications Newsletter, October 2010. Papers. How iREACH has contributed to local communities. Papers. Outcome mapping learning community : newsletter no. 1, 2009 ...

  5. Patient–Provider Rapport in the Health Care of People Who Inject Drugs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ginetta Salvalaggio

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Little research has described determinants and consequences of patient–provider rapport among people who inject drugs (PWIDs. This mixed-method study (a qualitatively described facilitators, barriers, and consequences to rapport development between PWIDs and their health care providers and (b quantitatively tested the hypothesis that quality of rapport is associated with positive patterns of service use. Two exploratory focus groups with PWIDs and care providers were conducted. Subsequently, 89 PWIDs completed a survey interview; of those, eight completed a follow-up qualitative interview. Qualitative results indicated that rapport is influenced by drug-related behaviors, addiction severity, provider expertise, patient-centered care, and perceived discrimination and that rapport then influences patient compliance, timing of care, and criminal activity. Quantitative results indicated that rapport predicted PWID satisfaction with care as well as frequency and timing of emergency department presentations. Results suggest that PWID–provider rapport has several unique determinants and is associated with positive health care outcomes.

  6. (ReExamining the Feminist Interview: Rapport, Gender “Matching,” and Emotional Labour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Thwaites

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Rapport is usually considered key to any interview situation: building the right kind of rapport can be the difference between success and failure in obtaining the required data. In feminist research, rapport is intended to be of a particular kind: created through mutual sharing, minimal power hierarchies, and a feeling of genuine trust between interviewer and interviewee (Oakley, 1981. There is a tension here of which feminist researchers and scholars should remain critical, as the idea of good feminist rapport can clash with the necessity of “getting the data.” Building rapport can entail minimising strongly held viewpoints, working hard on one’s emotions to ensure they do not reveal true thoughts, or suggesting an attitude of trust and mutual understanding that may feel disingenuous. If rapport is often a performance by the researcher, then this can clash with the intended open and honest feminist approach. In some cases, then, building rapport may pose a challenge to genuinely following a feminist approach to the research interview. In this paper, I wish to explore this tension in more detail in the context of the one-off interview and to what extent it can be resolved.

  7. The Extravert Advantage: How and When Extraverts Build Rapport With Other People.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, Korrina A; Chartrand, Tanya L

    2015-11-01

    Extraverts are better than introverts at building rapport, but it remains unknown what they do behaviorally to better connect with other individuals. We hypothesized that extraverts mimic more than introverts as a way to build rapport; however, we predicted that this social skillfulness of extraverts emerges only when they are motivated to affiliate. In Study 1, we found that extraversion predicted increased mimicry when an affiliation goal was present, but not when an affiliation goal was absent. In Study 2, we found that mimicry mediates the relationship between extraversion and rapport, but only when an affiliation goal is present. Our findings are the first to identify a behavior that extraverts engage in that helps them build rapport. Furthermore, our studies show that this skillfulness of extraverts emerges only when they are motivated to affiliate, providing evidence in favor of the reward-sensitivity-as-core model of extraversion over the sociability-as-core model of extraversion. © The Author(s) 2015.

  8. Rapport financier trimestriel pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 31 ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Office 2004 Test Drive User

    31 déc. 2016 ... dʼinformation financière (normes IFRS). Toutes les sommes sont exprimées en dollars canadiens. Le Centre recommande de lire ce rapport en parallèle avec les états financiers intermédiaires résumés, non audités (qui débutent à la page 11). Lʼinformation et les divulgations contenues dans le Rapport ...

  9. The Relationship Between Therapist Approach Postures, Avoidance Postures and Posture Sharing, and Subjects' Experience of Rapport

    OpenAIRE

    Carcelli, Lawrence A.

    1985-01-01

    The relationship between approach, avoidance and congruent postures and the experience of rapport was investigated. Sixty undergraduate college students (30 male, 30 female) were interviewed by a therapist who displayed either approach postures, avoidance postures or who posture shared. The degree of rapport experienced by the 20 subjects in the three groups was compared. In addition, the subjects' behaviors were divided into four groups (n = 11, or 19) along two orthogonal dimensions (high a...

  10. Lignes directrices du CRDI pour la préparation du rapport technique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    fdieudonne

    Au terme d'un projet, les bénéficiaires d'une subvention du CRDI doivent remettre un rapport technique final pour que le CRDI puisse débloquer le dernier versement de la subvention. Ce rapport fournira le détail des activités financées dans le cadre du projet et en relèvera les réalisations importantes et les leçons ...

  11. Un nouveau rapport examine les obstacles qui empêchent le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Un nouveau rapport examine ces obstacles et propose des solutions en vue de faciliter l'accès aux fonds existants. Ses auteurs ont sondé des personnes qui conçoivent et appuient des projets axés sur l'adaptation aux changements climatiques en Afrique. Le rapport a été préparé dans le cadre d'un appel concurrentiel ...

  12. Training in Compensatory Strategies Enhances Rapport in Interactions Involving People with Möbius Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John eMichael

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In the exploratory study reported here, we tested the efficacy of an intervention designed to train teenagers with Möbius Syndrome (MS to increase the use of alternative communication strategies (e.g. gestures to compensate for their lack of facial expressiveness. Specifically, we expected the intervention to increase the level of rapport experienced in social interactions by our participants. In addition, we aimed to identify the mechanisms responsible for any such increase in rapport. In the study, five teenagers with MS interacted with three naïve participants without MS before the intervention, and with three different naïve participants without MS after the intervention. Rapport was assessed by self-report and by behavioral coders who rated videos of the interactions. Individual nonverbal behavior was assessed via behavioral coders, while verbal behavior was automatically extracted from the sound files. Alignment was assessed using cross recurrence quantification analysis and mixed effects models. The results showed that observer-coded rapport was greater after the intervention, whereas self-reported rapport did not change significantly. Observer-coded gesture and expressivity increased in participants with and without MS, while overall linguistic alignment decreased. Fidgeting and repetitiveness of verbal behavior also decreased in both groups. In sum, the intervention may impact nonverbal and verbal behavior in participants with and without MS, increasing rapport as well as overall gesturing, while decreasing alignment.

  13. Considering Face, Rights, and Goals: A Critical Review of Rapport Management in Facilitator-Guided Simulation Debriefing Approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loo, May Eng; Krishnasamy, Charmaine; Lim, Wee Shiong

    2018-02-01

    The rapport between facilitators and learners contributes to a conducive learning environment during simulation debriefing, but a theory to guide rapport management (RM) is lacking. The RM model is a potentially relevant conceptual framework because it describes three interrelated components of rapport-face, rights, and goals-which, when threatened, affect the rapport between interactants. This critical review explores how studies in the simulation debriefing literature describing postevent facilitator-guided debriefing approaches can be viewed through the lens of the RM model. All 34 identified studies alluded to at least one component of rapport, with less than half alluding to all three. There is preliminary evidence that the management of all three components of rapport during debriefing may contribute to improving short-term learning outcomes. Future studies could explore how the RM model can be used to guide debriefing approaches in various contexts and clarify why or how these approaches work.

  14. Le CRDI en Afghanistan

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    capacités. □ les journalistes produisent des rapports sur les droits de la personne. □ les citoyens ont accès à Internet dans les langues locales. Soutien accordé par le CRDI depuis 1973. 21 activités d'une valeur de. 6 millions CAD. Le soutien du CRDI aide les chercheurs afghans à associer les collectivités à leurs travaux ...

  15. Droit et accès des femmes à l'eau et aux systèmes d'assainissement ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 mai 2012 ... Axe de rechercheLe projet vise à améliorer les services d'approvisionnement en eau et d'assainissement fournis aux femmes vivant dans les collectivités à faible revenu de New Delhi, de même qu'à favoriser de meilleurs rapports entre les habitants et les administrations locales.Le défi.

  16. Developing Rapport and Therapeutic Alliance During Telemental Health Sessions with Children and Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Felissa; Glueck, Dehra

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the special considerations for building rapport and establishing a therapeutic alliance when conducting mental health evaluations for children and adolescents via videoconferencing. The authors review the literature and describe their experience in conducting mental health evaluations, developing rapport, and establishing a therapeutic alliance during telemental health practice. Clinical need and shortages of clinicians with expertise in evaluating mental conditions for children and adolescents in underserved communities have stimulated the rapid expansion of telemental health programs while the research base continues to develop. The emerging evidence base and clinical experience suggest that teleclinicians can, and do, build rapport and establish a therapeutic alliance during telemental health sessions with youth and families. Families may be more accepting of telemental health approaches than clinicians. The impact that technology, equipment, site staff, community supports, cultural identification, and teleclinicians' characteristics have on building rapport and establishing a therapeutic alliance should be considered when establishing a telemental health service. Staff at the patient site and referring providers have a valuable role in supporting the therapeutic alliance between telemental health providers and their patients, and ultimately supporting the success of a telemental health program. Teleclinicians are creative in transcending the videoconferencing technology to evaluate patients using guideline-based care. Further research is needed to determine how clinicians build rapport and establish a therapeutic alliance during telemental health sessions, and whether the therapeutic alliance is associated with the accuracy of evaluation and outcomes.

  17. Developing Rapport with Children in Forensic Interviews: Systematic Review of Experimental Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saywitz, Karen J; Larson, Rakel P; Hobbs, Sue D; Wells, Christine R

    2015-08-01

    The vast majority of guidelines recommend that developing rapport with children is essential for successful forensic child interviewing; however, the question remains as to whether there is a sufficient body of scientific research to generate evidence-based guidelines for developing rapport with children in legal contexts. To answer this question, we conducted a systematic review of the literature to identify experimental studies of the effects of rapport-building methods on the reliability of children's reports. Independent raters applied 12 exclusion criteria to the 2,761 potentially relevant articles located by electronic and hand searches of the literature. Experimental studies were few. Although studies to date are a beginning, the overall scientific base is weak regarding even basic issues such as how to best define rapport and the efficacy of common rapport-building techniques. This systematic review highlights what we know, what we do not know, and how much more we need to know to create evidence-based best practice. Recommendations for reshaping the research agenda are discussed. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  18. Testing the relationship between mimicry, trust and rapport in virtual reality conversations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Joanna; Hamilton, Antonia F De C

    2016-10-14

    People mimic each other's actions and postures during everyday interactions. It is widely believed this mimicry acts as a social glue, leading to increased rapport. We present two studies using virtual reality to rigorously test this hypothesis. In Study 1, 50 participants interacted with two avatars who either mimicked their head and torso movements at a 1 or 3 second time delay or did not mimic, and rated feelings of rapport and trust toward the avatars. Rapport was higher towards mimicking avatars, with no effect of timing. In Study 2, we aimed to replicate this effect in a pre-registered design and test whether it is modulated by cultural ingroup-outgroup boundaries. Forty participants from European or East Asian backgrounds interacted with four avatars, two of European appearance and two of East Asian appearance. Two avatars mimicked while the other two did not. We found no effects of mimicry on rapport or trust ratings or implicit trust behaviour in a novel maze task, and no effects of group status or interactions. These null results were calculated in line with our pre-registration. We conclude that being mimicked does not always increase rapport or trust, and make suggestions for future directions.

  19. Do Prosecutors Use Interview Instructions or Build Rapport with Child Witnesses?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahern, Elizabeth C; Stolzenberg, Stacia N; Lyon, Thomas D

    2015-08-01

    This study examined the quality of interview instructions and rapport-building provided by prosecutors to 168 children aged 5-12 years testifying in child sexual abuse cases, preceding explicit questions about abuse allegations. Prosecutors failed to effectively administer key interview instructions, build rapport, or rely on open-ended narrative producing prompts during this early stage of questioning. Moreover, prosecutors often directed children's attention to the defendant early in the testimony. The productivity of different types of wh- questions varied, with what/how questions focusing on actions being particularly productive. The lack of instructions, poor quality rapport-building, and closed-ended questioning suggest that children may not be adequately prepared during trial to provide lengthy and reliable reports to their full ability. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  20. Do Prosecutors Use Interview Instructions or Build Rapport with Child Witnesses?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahern, Elizabeth C.; Stolzenberg, Stacia N.; Lyon, Thomas D.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the quality of interview instructions and rapport-building provided by prosecutors to 168 children aged 5–12 years testifying in child sexual abuse cases, preceding explicit questions about abuse allegations. Prosecutors failed to effectively administer key interview instructions, build rapport, or rely on open-ended narrative producing prompts during this early stage of questioning. Moreover, prosecutors often directed children's attention to the defendant early in the testimony. The productivity of different types of wh- questions varied, with what/how questions focusing on actions being particularly productive. The lack of instructions, poor quality rapport-building, and closed-ended questioning suggest that children may not be adequately prepared during trial to provide lengthy and reliable reports to their full ability. PMID:26206485

  1. Teaching social play skills to adults and children with autism as an approach to building rapport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shireman, Molly L; Lerman, Dorothea C; Hillman, Conrad B

    2016-09-01

    Adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and no intellectual disabilities were taught to increase the social play skills of children with ASD as part of a vocational training program. Participants included 3 adults, aged 21 to 27 years, and 6 children with ASD. Probes conducted throughout the study evaluated whether play skills training affected a measure of rapport between the adult and child. Results demonstrated the effectiveness of behavioral skills training for teaching the adult participants the appropriate play skills. In addition, the children's social engagement increased. Finally, rapport probes showed that play skills training increased levels of proximity, our measure of rapport, between the adults and children. © 2016 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior.

  2. A Cross-Cultural Pragmatic Study of Rapport-Management Strategies in Chinese and English Academic Upward Request Emails

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Wuhan

    2017-01-01

    This article discusses and compares how Chinese and English postgraduate students manage a harmonious relationship with university instructors by managing rapport and doing relational work in their academic request emails. The rapport-management strategies were explored and then further evaluated in relation to the taxonomies of relational work…

  3. Arnaud de Lajartre, Vincent Gaboriau (dir., 2004, Les Collectivités Territoriales face aux risques physiques, Paris, L’Harmattan, collection « Logiques juridiques », 261 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphane Callens

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage réunit les contributions d’un colloque qui s’est tenu à Angers en mars 2002, sur le thème « Les Collectivités Territoriales face aux risques physiques ». Il faut entendre par « risques physiques », l’ensemble des risques non directement financiers, qu’ils soient « majeurs » (catastrophes naturelles ou technologiques, ou « mineurs » (accidents. Les treize contributions sont toutes intéressantes en elles-mêmes. On peut regretter toutefois que les éditeurs n’aient pas fait un effor...

  4. Favoriser le succès : rapport annuel 2011-2012 | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'ITT a publié son rapport annuel 2011-2012 intitulé Favoriser le succès. Cette année, en plus d'exposer l'ensemble des progrès réalisés par l'Initiative, le rapport rend compte des conversations qui se sont déroulées sur la notion de réussite concernant les think tanks, lors de L'Échange de l'ITT qui s'est tenu l'an dernier ...

  5. Renforcer les compétences grâce à l’agriculture urbaine : rapport sur le projet Askîy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanda Martin

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : De nombreuses villes d’Amérique du Nord ont construit un environnement donnant accès à des aliments riches en calories et laissant peu de possibilités de mener une vie active. L’agriculture urbaine contribue à un environnement favorable grâce à la culture de végétaux destinés à l’alimentation, ce qui implique leur transformation, leur entreposage, leur distribution et leur compostage. Elle constitue un moyen d’augmenter la production alimentaire locale et d’améliorer ainsi la santé dans les collectivités. Cette étude avait comme objectif de comprendre comment la participation à l’agriculture urbaine peut contribuer à l’autonomisation de jeunes adultes et au renforcement des compétences à cultiver des aliments en ville. Méthodologie : Il s’agissait d’une étude qualitative reposant sur sept participants (cinq Autochtones et deux non-Autochtones de 19 à 29 ans, recrutés comme stagiaires dans un projet d’agriculture urbaine appelé « Askîy » à Saskatoon (Saskatchewan, Canada en 2015. Nous avons utilisé un modèle d’étude de cas et une analyse qualitative pour décrire l’expérience des participants en fonction du Cadre des moyens de subsistance durables. Résultats : L’approche collaborative a eu un effet majeur sur l’expérience des stagiaires, en particulier dans les liens qu’ils ont formés au fil de la planification, de la plantation, de l’entretien, de la récolte et de la vente des produits. Certains stagiaires ont changé leurs habitudes en matière d’épicerie et ont commencé à acheter plus de légumes et à demander où et comment sont produits les légumes. Tous les stagiaires étaient enthousiastes à l’idée de jardiner de nouveau l’année suivante, et certains d’entre eux planifiaient d’appliquer leurs connaissances et leurs compétences dans leur réserve d’origine. Conclusion : Les programmes d’agriculture urbaine renforcent les compétences en

  6. Samenvattend rapport voor fase II van het project: risico op insleep van zoönosen via import van kippenvlees uit derde landen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dopfer, D.D.V.; Bolder, N.M.

    2006-01-01

    Het rapport voor fase II van het project "Risico op insleep van zoönosen via import van kippenvlees uit derde landen" is een samenvattende visie op een kwantitatief risico assessment over dit risico op insleep zonder de praktische uitvoering ervan. Dit rapport is een aanvulling op het rapport voor

  7. Do interviewer-respondent interactions in CAPI and CATI-interviews show a difference in rapport?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ongena, Yfke; Haan, Marieke

    2016-01-01

    Various studies have shown that social desirability bias and satisficing are more prevalent in CATI than in CAPI surveys. Although this difference has theoretically been explained in terms of rapport (Holbrook et al 2003), it has not systematically been studied whether interviewer-respondent

  8. La conduite sans permis de conduire. Approche juridique et judiciaire. Rapport Intermédiaire

    OpenAIRE

    GUILBOT, Michèle; PEYTAVIN, Jean-Francois; SIMEONE, Mathieu

    2012-01-01

    Ce rapport présente les premiers éléments recueillis dans une recherche, subventionnée par la DSCR, qui vise à cerner le phénomène qui consiste à conduire sans jamais avoir eu le permis de conduire. Cette recherche est menée avec l'INSERR.

  9. INTERPRETATION DU MODELE LOGISTIQUE A RAPPORT CONTINU EN TERME DE DISTRIBUTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M CHIKHI-BOUCHOUL

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif de ce travail est consacré principalement à la présentation de deux modèles logistiques à rapports continus pour une variable réponse ordinale à c catégories et de leurs interprétations en termes de distribution .

  10. Security report on Siloe - the descriptive part. (1963); Rapport de surete de Siloe - partie descriptive (1963)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ageron, P.; Chatoux, J.; Denielou, G.; Jacquemain, M.; Mitault, G.; Robien, E. de; Rossillon, F. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1963-07-01

    This report is a full description of the site, the reactor, the building and the experimental facilities. It gives the nuclear, thermodynamic and hydrodynamic characteristics of the core. (authors) [French] Ce rapport decrit completement le site, le reacteur, les batiments et les installations experimentales. Il donne les caracteristiques nucleaires, thermodynamiques et hydrodynamiques du coeur. (auteurs)

  11. RAPPORT-BUILDING THROUGH CALL IN TEACHING CHINESE AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenying Jiang

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Technological advances have brought about the ever-increasing utilisation of computer-assisted language learning (CALL media in the learning of a second language (L2. Computer-mediated communication, for example, provides a practical means for extending the learning of spoken language, a challenging process in tonal languages such as Chinese, beyond the realms of the classroom. In order to effectively improve spoken language competency, however, CALL applications must also reproduce the social interaction that lies at the heart of language learning and language use. This study draws on data obtained from the utilisation of CALL in the learning of L2 Chinese to explore whether this medium can be used to extend opportunities for rapport-building in language teaching beyond the face-to-face interaction of the classroom. Rapport's importance lies in its potential to enhance learning, motivate learners, and reduce learner anxiety. To date, CALL's potential in relation to this facet of social interaction remains a neglected area of research. The results of this exploratory study suggest that CALL may help foster learner-teacher rapport and that scaffolding, such as strategically composing rapport-fostering questions in sound-files, is conducive to this outcome. The study provides an instruction model for this application of CALL.

  12. Projet Sherpa 2003/2006 :rapport d’évaluation du projet en vue de sa pérennisation: 1er rapport (février 2006) -- 2ème rapport (mai 2006) -- 3ème rapport (septembre 2006)

    OpenAIRE

    Frédéric, François; Lecloux, Sophie; De Jonge, Catherine; Lamme, Alain

    2006-01-01

    Rapport d'évaluation du programme Sherpa, mis en œuvre sur Fonds d'encouragement à l'Enseignement (FEE), après trois ans de fonctionnement en vue de son extension à l'ensemble de l'université (ULB) et de sa pérennisation.

  13. Neuro-Linguistic Programming: Improving Rapport between Track/Cross Country Coaches and Significant Others

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helm, David Jay

    2017-01-01

    This study examines the background information and the components of N.L.P., being eye movements, use of predicates, and posturing, as they apply to improving rapport and empathy between track/cross country coaches and their significant others in the arena of competition to help alleviate the inherent stressors.

  14. Saving Face: Managing Rapport in a Problem-Based Learning Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Leslie; Harris, Ann; Burton, Rob

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative study investigated the complex social aspects of communication required for students to participate effectively in Problem-Based Learning and explored how these dynamics are managed. The longitudinal study of a group of first-year undergraduates examined interactions using Rapport Management as a framework to analyse communication…

  15. Integrating Rapport-Building into Language Instruction: A Study of Korean Foreign Language Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Mi Yung

    2016-01-01

    Using a conversation-analytic approach along with the notions of frame and footing (Goffman 1981), this study examines what strategies teachers use to build rapport with their students in Korean as a foreign language classrooms. It also discusses what kinds of interactional resources they employ in tandem with these strategies. Analysis of…

  16. Managing Rapport in Lingua Franca Sales Negotiations: A Comparison of Professional and Aspiring Negotiators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Planken, B.

    2005-01-01

    This article presents selective findings from a study that investigated how facework is used to achieve interpersonal goals in intercultural sales negotiations. The article reports on linguistic analyses of what Spencer-Oatey has termed ''rapport management'' which, in a negotiation context, is aimed primarily, but not exclusively, at building a…

  17. State of the art rapport "verkeersstroommodellen". Deel V: mesoscopische verkeersstroomkenmerken.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Botma, H.

    1978-01-01

    Mesoscopic traffic-flow characteristics are collections of local or instantaneous vehicle movement characteristics and the characteristics derivable from them. The main ones are distributions of headway, spacing and speed. Many suitable mathematical distributions are discussed. Next, experimental

  18. Activity report 2002; Rapport d'activite 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This annual report presents the Arene (Regional Agency for the Environment and the new Energies in Ile de France) activities. The concerned topics are: the territory development and the local Agenda 21, the education and the awareness to the environment, the employment and the environment, the local and renewable energy, the environmental quality of the buildings, the environmental quality and economic activities, ''clean transports'' and sustainable mobilities, the Arene services. (A.L.B.)

  19. Penser la question des rapports aux savoirs en éducation : clarification et besoin de recherches conceptuelles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathieu Gagnon

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte examine la question des rapports aux savoirs par la mise en évidence d’enjeux conceptuels, auxquels se rapportent des enjeux éducatifs et éthiques. À cet égard, l’auteur propose un essai de classification et d’organisation par le recours, notamment, à quatre types de rapports aux savoirs.This paper focuses on the question of the relationships to knowledge by highlighting conceptual, educational and ethical issues. In this regard, the author proposes an essay of classification and organization by the use, among others, of four types of relationships to knowledge.

  20. 2002 annual report EDF group; 2002 rapport annuel groupe EDF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This document is the 2002 annual report of Electricite de France (EdF) group, the French electric utility. Content: Introductory section (EDF at a glance, Chairman's message, 2002 Highlights); Corporate governance and Group strategy (Corporate governance, sustainable growth strategy, EDF branches); Financial performance (Reaching critical mass, Margins holding up well, Balance sheet); Human resources (Launching Group-wide synergies, Optimising human resources); Customers (Major customers, SMEs and professional customers, Local authorities, Residential customers, Ensuring quality access to electricity); Generation (A balanced energy mix, Nuclear generation, Fossil-fuelled generation, Renewable energies); Corporate social responsibility (Global and local partnerships, Promoting community development)

  1. Actief bodembeheer Krimpenerwaard; plan van aanpak verificationderzoek ecologie; bijlage 1 bij eindrapport Verificatieonderzoek ecologie Krimpenerwaard (Alterra-rapport 1016)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faber, J.H.; Brink, van den N.W.

    2004-01-01

    De Krimpenerwaard is aangemerkt als een `ernstig en urgent¿ geval van bodemverontreiniging. Het bodembeheerplan gaat uit van actief bodembeheer en is gebaseerd op een functiegerichte sanering door afdekking van verdachte slootdempingen met gebiedseigen grond. Dit rapport beschrijft het

  2. Psychological Data from an Exploration of the Rapport / Synchrony Interplay Using Motion Energy Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Nelson

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available These data result from an investigation examining the interplay between dyadic rapport and consequential behavior-mirroring. Participants responded to a variety of interpersonally-focused pretest measures prior to their engagement in videotaped interdependent tasks (coded for interactional synchrony using Motion Energy Analysis [17,18]. A post-task evaluation of rapport and other related constructs followed each exchange. Four studies shared these same dependent measures, but asked distinct questions: Study 1 (Ndyad = 38 explored the influence of perceived responsibility and gender-specificity of the task; Study 2 (Ndyad = 51 focused on dyad sex-makeup; Studies 3 (Ndyad = 41 and 4 (Ndyad = 63 examined cognitive load impacts on the interactions. Versions of the data are structured with both individual and dyad as the unit of analysis. Our data possess strong reuse potential for theorists interested in dyadic processes and are especially pertinent to questions about dyad agreement and interpersonal perception / behavior association relationships.

  3. Determination du rapport ciment/kaolin pour des proprietes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Une manière de valoriser les matières minérales, localement disponibles, est de les traiter et de les incorporer dans les matériaux de constructions. Les investigations menées dans ce travail portent sur le kaolin disponible dans la région de Kétou de la partie Sud-Est du Bénin. Le kaolin est conditionné de trois manières ...

  4. Rapport financier trimestriel pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 31 ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Office 2004 Test Drive User

    31 déc. 2015 ... internationales dʼinformation financière (normes IFRS). Toutes les sommes sont exprimées en dollars canadiens. Le Centre recommande de lire ce rapport en parallèle avec les états financiers intermédiaires résumés, non audités (qui débutent à la page 11). Lʼinformation et les divulgations contenues ...

  5. Rapport financier trimestriel pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 30 ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Office 2004 Test Drive User

    30 sept. 2016 ... internationales dʼinformation financière (normes IFRS). Toutes les sommes sont exprimées en dollars canadiens. Le Centre recommande de lire ce rapport en parallèle avec les états financiers intermédiaires résumés, non audités (qui débutent à la page 11). Lʼinformation et les divulgations contenues ...

  6. Rapport financier trimestriel pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 30 ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Office 2004 Test Drive User

    30 sept. 2015 ... internationales d'information financière (normes IFRS). Toutes les sommes sont exprimées en dollars canadiens. Le Centre recommande de lire ce rapport en parallèle avec les états financiers intermédiaires résumés, non audités (qui débutent à la page 11). L'information et les divulgations contenues ...

  7. Rapport financier trimestriel pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 30 ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sophie Comeau

    30 sept. 2011 ... a Certains comptes ont été reclassés pour les rendre conformes aux IFRS. Au 30 septembre 2011, les actifs totaux avaient augmenté de 44,3 % (de 108,8 millions de dollars à 156,9 millions) par rapport au 31 mars 2011. Cette hausse résulte en grande partie de l'augmentation des encaissements reliés au ...

  8. Rapport de frais de 2015-2016 pour Scott Gilmore | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$31.46. Télécharger la version PDF de ce rapport. 13 juillet 2015 au 14 juillet 2015. CAD$31.46. Ce que nous faisons · Financement · Ressources · À propos du CRDI. Savoir. Innovation. Solutions. Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Plan du site. Abonnez-vous à notre bulletin pour ...

  9. Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour Margaret Biggs | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour Margaret Biggs. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$6,727.48. Participation à la cérémonie de remise des prix Canada Gairdner 2016. 27 octobre 2016 au 28 octobre 2016. CAD$859.79. Assister à des réunions internes organisées par le CRDI. 9 septembre 2016 au 29 septembre ...

  10. Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Margaret Biggs | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Margaret Biggs. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$1,460.70. Participer au sommet du T20 sur les solutions mondiales. 29 mai 2017 au 31 mai 2017. CAD$852.39. Participer à un événement du Forum des politiques publiques. 20 avril 2017 au 22 avril 2017. CAD$608.31.

  11. Rapport de frais de 2015-2016 pour Monte Solberg | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2015-2016 pour Monte Solberg. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$5,839.15. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 15 novembre 2016 au 18 novembre 2016. CAD$2,043.58. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 20 mars 2016 au 22 mars 2016. CAD$2,251.02. Réunion du Conseil des ...

  12. Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour John McArthur | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour John McArthur. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$6,102.11. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 20 mars 2017 au 22 mars 2017. CAD$1,288.38. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 21 novembre 2016 au 23 novembre 2016. CAD$1,265.87. Réunion du comité ad hoc 31 ...

  13. Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Chandra Madramootoo | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Chandra Madramootoo. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$10,021.68. Constatation de l'impact de la recherche en Afrique de l'Est. 4 juillet 2017 au 11 juillet 2017. CAD$8,095.97. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 20 juin 2017 au 21 juin 2017. CAD$1,925.71. Ce que nous ...

  14. Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Mary Anne Chambers | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Mary Anne Chambers. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$14,462.99. Constatation de l'impact de la recherche en Afrique de l'Est. 2 juillet 2017 au 12 juillet 2017. CAD$12,528.71. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 18 juin 2017 au 21 juin 2017. CAD$1,145.57. Représenter le ...

  15. Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour Alanna Heath | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour Alanna Heath. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$5,613.48. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 20 mars 2017 au 22 mars 2017. CAD$937.73. Initiation des nouveaux gouverneurs aux impacts de la recherche. 14 août 2016 au 19 août 2016. CAD$3,702.38. Réunion du Conseil ...

  16. Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Alanna Boyd | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Alanna Boyd. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$586.20. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 20 juin 2017 au 21 juin 2017. CAD$586.20. Ce que nous faisons · Financement · Ressources · À propos du CRDI. Savoir. Innovation. Solutions. Carrières · Communiquez avec nous ...

  17. Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour Mary Anne Chambers | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour Mary Anne Chambers. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$9,584.36. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 19 mars 2017 au 22 mars 2017. CAD$1,289.85. Assister au Cours de l'École de la fonction publique du Canada sur les sociétés d'État. 28 novembre 2016 au 29 novembre ...

  18. Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Sophie D'Amours | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Sophie D'Amours. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$2,882.81. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 20 novembre 2017 au 21 novembre 2017. CAD$1,484.16. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 19 juin 2017 au 21 juin 2017. CAD$1,398.65. Ce que nous faisons · Financement ...

  19. Rapport financier trimestriel pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 30 ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sophie Comeau

    30 sept. 2017 ... Dans l'analyse de la direction figurant dans le Rapport annuel 2016-2017, la partie portant sur la gestion des risques propres au CRDI décrit les risques opérationnels, financiers et stratégiques. Les risques définis dans l'analyse de la direction demeurent les principaux risques pour le Centre.

  20. Om SIDAs rapport: "Towards an urban world - urbanization and development assistance"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskemose Andersen, Jørgen

    1996-01-01

    Byerne i ulandene har et dårligt ry. De er centre for prostitution, kriminalitet og arbejdsløshed. Befolkningerne lever i armod i elendige endeløse slumområder uden udsigt til forbedrede levevilkår. Byernes infrastruktur er mangelfuld, nedslidt og fungere stort set kun i de nedarvede koloniale de...... udkommet rapport: Towards an Urban World af den svenske bistandsorganisation Sida.   Udgivelsesdato: 1996...

  1. Oriëntasiebehoeftes en agendabepaling van mediafigure by vrouelesers van Rapport

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    M.A. (Communication Studies) To firstly formulate, from the literary review, an integrated model which describes the mass communication process. Specifically the relationship between orientation needs, media usage and agenda-setting in the broader context of the individual, the media, and society. The model was delineated to define the woman as individual, Rapport as medium, and orientation needs and agenda-setting in terms of media figures. The second aim was to conduct an empirical inves...

  2. Rapport sur les dépenses annuelles de voyage, d'accueil et de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Comme l'exige le Conseil des gouverneurs, ce rapport contient de l'information sur les dépenses annuelles totales relatives aux déplacements, à l'accueil et aux conférences, dépenses que le CRDI a engagées pendant l'exercice ayant pris fin le 31 mars 2017. Cette information est mise à jour chaque année. Elle ne ...

  3. De nouveaux mécanismes de résilience : rapport interactif au sujet ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 nov. 2012 ... On y trouve de nombreux liens vers des ressources relatives au programme et aux projets, ainsi que des pistes pour explorer plus en profondeur les résultats des recherches scientifiques. Lire le rapport De nouveaux mécanismes de résilience (PDF, 2,98 Mo). Une version récente d'Adobe Reader est ...

  4. Un meilleur accès à la justice pour tous : un nouveau rapport fournit ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 juin 2016 ... À son tour, l'amélioration de l'accès à la justice aidera les états et leurs populations à respecter leurs engagements relatifs aux ODD. Le rapport sera lancé dans le cadre d'Orientations futures pour la conférence sur l'accès à la justice : un meilleur accès pour tous, qui aura lieu à Ottawa les 16 et 17 juin ...

  5. La responsabilité de protéger : Rapport de la Commission ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 janv. 2001 ... Ce qu'il est convenu d'appeler le « droit d'intervention humanitaire » est l'une des questions de politique internationale les plus controversées de la dernière décennie, que ce soit dans des situations où une intervention a eu lieu, comme au Kosovo, ou n'a pas eu lieu, comme au Rwanda. Dans son rapport ...

  6. Publication du rapport de BSR sur le travail des enfants en Birmanie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    22 juin 2016 ... Le rapport, intitulé « Child Labor in Myanmar's Garment Sector », a été préparé par Business for Social Responsibility (BSR). Il arrive à point nommé, car les intervenants du monde des affaires sur la scène internationale manifestent un intérêt croissant à l'égard du Myanmar, parallèlement à la levée des ...

  7. Rapport annuel au Parlement Loi sur l'Acces à l'information

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    leonardi

    1 juil. 1983 ... La section suivante explique de façon détaillée le rapport statistique produit aux termes de la LAI, consultable à l'annexe B. PARTIE 1 : DEMANDES PRÉSENTÉES EN VERTU DE LA LOI SUR L'ACCÈS À L'INFORMATION. 1.1 Demandes. Du 1er avril 2015 au 31 mars 2016, le CRDI a reçu trois demandes ...

  8. Lignes directrices du CRDI pour la préparation du rapport d'étape ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC CRDI

    Le rapport d'étape technique est définitivement axé sur la gestion, son objectif premier étant de convaincre le CRDI de l'avancement des travaux qu'il subventionne. Il n'est cependant pas exclu que certains projets donnent lieu à la production et à la documentation d'extrants techniques définitifs pendant leur déroulement.

  9. Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Shainoor Khoja | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Shainoor Khoja. Nous finançons des chercheurs qui inspirent des changements mondiaux. Abonnez-vous · Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Désabonnez-vous · Plan du site. Suivez-nous; Facebook · Twitter · Youtube · Linked In · RSS Feed · Droits d'auteur · Éthique de la ...

  10. Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Dominique Corti | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Dominique Corti. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$16,145.65. Constatation de l'impact de la recherche en Afrique de l'Est. 3 juillet 2017 au 11 juillet 2017. CAD$8,087.84. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 17 juin 2017 au 22 juin 2017. CAD$8,057.81. Ce que nous faisons ...

  11. Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Barbara Trenholm | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour Barbara Trenholm. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$11,792.46. Constatation de l'impact de la recherche en Afrique de l'Est. 2 juillet 2017 au 12 juillet 2017. CAD$10,676.95. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 18 juin 2017 au 21 juin 2017. CAD$1,115.51. Ce que nous faisons ...

  12. Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour John McArthur | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2017-2018 pour John McArthur. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$12,050.12. Constatation de l'impact de la recherche en Afrique de l'Est. 2 juillet 2017 au 11 juillet 2017. CAD$11,141.17. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 19 juin 2017 au 21 juin 2017. CAD$908.95. Ce que nous faisons ...

  13. 2015-2016 Rapports sur les frais de voyage et d'accueil pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ruxandra Staicu

    Réunion COP21. Date(s):. 2015-11-30 à 2015-12-07. Destination(s):. Paris, France. Billet d'avion: 6 339.00 $. Frais de transport au sol ou autrement: 449.22 $. Frais de logement: 1 641.66 $. Repas et frais divers: 1 322.69 $. Autre frais: 0.00 $. Total: 9 752.57 $. Commentaires: 2015-2016 Rapports sur les frais de voyage et.

  14. Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour Dominique Corti | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour Dominique Corti. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$27,495.54. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 20 mars 2017 au 22 mars 2017. CAD$2,037.67. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 20 novembre 2016 au 25 novembre 2016. CAD$6,908.05. Initiation des nouveaux ...

  15. Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour Sophie D'Amours | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2016-2017 pour Sophie D'Amours. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$2,209.74. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. 21 novembre 2016 au 23 novembre 2016. CAD$1,175.31. Assister à des réunions internes organisées par le CRDI 6 juillet 2016 CAD$1,034.43. Nous finançons des chercheurs ...

  16. Rapport de frais de 2015-2016 pour Sylvain Dufour | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapport de frais de 2015-2016 pour Sylvain Dufour. Total des frais de déplacement : CAD$8,381.54. Participation à la 71e Gala de l'Acfas. 22 octobre 2015 au 23 octobre 2015. CAD$672.52. Participation au Symposium Gartner et ExpoIT 2015. 3 octobre 2015 au 8 octobre 2015. CAD$2,382.93. Sommaire de trimestre 1.

  17. L’ANAPHORE PRONOMINALE EN FRANÇAIS CLASSIQUE ET EN FRANÇAIS MODERNE : RAPPORTS ANAPHORIQUES AMBIGUS VS RAPPORTS ANAPHORIQUES NON-AMBIGUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achraf Ben ARBIA

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Cette contribution portera sur l’étude du fonctionnement référentiel des pronoms démonstratifs dans les Mémoires de Jean-François de Retz et dans L’éducation sentimentale de Flaubert. Certes, nombreuses sont les études qui se sont intéressées à l’analyse de ce type de pronoms, mais notre apport vis-à-vis de tout ce qui a précédé consiste à mettre l’accent sur le processus de référenciation des pronoms démonstratifs et sur leur rôle dans l’organisation informationnelle. En partant d'exemples de phrases attestées, nous allons essayer de montrer qu’il est souvent difficile de résoudre certains rapports anaphoriques, essentiellement lorsqu’il s’agit de rattacher le pronom anaphorique à son antécédent. Notre but consiste également à montrer que les textes de la période classique sont difficilement interprétables par le lecteur moderne étant donné que ce dernier se trouve obligé de résoudre certains rapports anaphoriques ambigus qui agissent directement sur la cohérence textuelle et l’organisation informationnelle.

  18. Service public local des déchets ménagers. A la recherche d'indicateurs de performance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérard Bertolini

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Comme les autres services publics, celui relatif à la gestion locale des déchets ménagers a besoin d’évaluer ses performances et doit en rendre compte. L’évaluation en question passe par la définition de critères et la sélection d’indicateurs, qui permettent de mesurer les progrès d’une collectivité et d’établir des comparaisons entre collectivités. La performance comporte de multiples facettes, qui appellent une évaluation multicritères. A la lumière d’une analyse de faisabilité et de pertinence, l’article propose un système d’indicateurs peu nombreux et assez simples constituant un tableau de bord.As other public services, the municipal waste service needs to evaluate its performances and is accountable for its results. This evaluation requires the definition of criteria and the selection of indicators in order to measure the  progress and to allow comparisons with other municipal waste services too. Because the performance has many facets, a multi-criteria approach will be used. In the light of an analysis of feasibility and relevance, the paper puts forwards few, quite simple and complementary indicators which are gathered up into a synoptic table and make up an instrument panel.

  19. Processus de mise en oeuvre du développement durable par les collectivités Suivi-évaluation et adaptation du SD21000

    OpenAIRE

    Ponrouch, Adrien

    2008-01-01

    Local authorities are increasingly encouraged to implement sustainable development. This is in line with a wider trend where corporate and other organisations (including state governments) are to contribute to the social, environmental and economic issues put forward at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) of Rio, in 1992. Local authorities are major actors in contributing to sustainable development. The extent of their competences meets the variety of the chal...

  20. Le rapport au savoir scientifique d'enseignantes et d'enseignants du primaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plonczak, Irene

    Nous avons procede a l'examen de problemes relatifs a l'education aux sciences via une approche a caractere epistemologique, contrairement a l'approche plus usuelle qui aborde les difficultes des apprenants a composer avec les connaissances dites scientifiques seulement d'un point de vue cognitif. La question de recherche que nous nous sommes posee a ete la suivante: Quel est le rapport au savoir scientifique d'enseignantes et d'enseignants du primaire? Pour repondre a cette question sur le plan methodologique, nous avons envisage l'etude du rapport au savoir scientifique d'enseignantes et d'enseignants dans un contexte relie a leur savoir et a leur expertise de tous les jours. Nos modalites de cueillette de donnees ont ete le recit ecrit et l'entrevue individuelle semi-structuree. Notre recherche a pris la forme d'une etude de cas multiples conduisant a l'etude des rapports epistemique, pratique et identitaire au savoir scientifique de dix enseignantes et enseignants d'ecoles populaires de Caracas, au Venezuela. Nos analyses nous ont amenee a affirmer que les sujets ont manifeste un rapport au savoir scientifique domine par la dependance et la soumission a l'egard des sciences ainsi que d'autres caracteristiques propres a une approche empirico-realiste. Cependant, dans un contexte relie a leur savoir-faire et a leur expertise, nous avons repere des traces de l'emergence d'une vision des sciences qui tient compte, entre autres, du caractere social de la production de ces dernieres, ce qui pourrait se qualifier comme faisant partie d'une tendance epistemologique du type socioconstructiviste. En plus, nos analyses nous amenent a suggerer que dans ce contexte les sujets auraient egalement initie une articulation entre leur savoir-faire et le savoir scientifique, ce qui les aurait amenes a vehiculer un rapport plus emancipatoire vis-a-vis les sciences. Cette articulation des savoirs permet egalement d'envisager des experiences educatives plus creatives, plus

  1. Rapport annuel au Parlement Loi sur l'Acces à l'information - 2016 ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    leonardi

    31 mars 2017 ... Le CRDI n'a pas présenté de présomption de refus durant la période visée par le rapport de 2016-2017. 2.7 Demandes de traduction. Aucune traduction n'a été nécessaire pour répondre aux demandes reçues. PARTIE 3 : PROROGATIONS. Aucune prorogation n'a été sollicitée pour l'une des demandes.

  2. La presse quotidienne et la construction des discours politiques ; les lectures de Corse-Matin par les élus de la collectivité territoriale de Corse et leurs électeurs « au village ».

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Lucciardi

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail de recherche consistait à explorer, dans le cadre de la Corse, l’énigme de la construction des discours politiques et donc des rapports de pouvoir qui les sous-tendent. C’est pourquoi le terme de discours politique est pris ici dans un sens large englobant les discours construits des élus mais aussi le « bruit » des propos ou des attitudes les plus divers. Même s’ils n’ont pas a priori un caractère politique, ils peuvent devenir porteurs d’enjeux de pouvoir. Mais une telle diversit...

  3. Francine Labadie (dir.), Parcours de jeunes et territoires. Rapport de l’Observatoire de la jeunesse 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Gaide, Aden

    2015-01-01

    Ce second rapport de l’Institut national de la jeunesse et de l’éducation populaire (INJEP) a trait aux questions de territoires : comment le prisme du territoire vient-il renouveler notre regard sur la jeunesse et quelle est la territorialisation des politiques de jeunesse ? La thématique du territoire traverse un grand nombre de sujets classiques de la sociologie de la jeunesse et est au cœur d’une partie importante de la politique jeunesse. La publication de ce rapport s’inscrit en outre d...

  4. Leishmaniose viscerale et leucemie aigüe lymphoblastique B: quel est le rapport?

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Youssi, Hind; Touaoussa, Aziz; Bergui, Imane; Bougrine, Nawal; Amrani, Moncef Hassani

    2015-01-01

    L'association leishmaniose viscérale et leucémie aigue a été rarement rapportée dans la littérature, cependant le diagnostic concomitant de ces deux entités n'a jamais été rapporté au Maroc. Le lien entre ces deux pathologies n'a pas encore été établi et le traitement n'a pas encore été codifié. Nous rapportons le cas d'un garçon de 12 ans chez qui une leishmaniose viscérale et une leucémie aigue lymphoblastique type B ont été diagnostiquées simultanément. Malgré l'administration d'un traitement antiparasitaire associé à une chimiothérapie l’évolution était marquée par le décès du patient. PMID:26090011

  5. Rapport annuel

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ouvrages, publiés au Cameroun, au Maroc, aux États-. Unis, en Afrique du Sud et en Inde, à notre ..... Au Maroc, l'Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue et l'Université Cadi Ayyad ont collaboré avec ...... une assurance raisonnable qu'il pourra réaliser ses objectifs. Le tableau qui suit fait état des secteurs dans ...

  6. Sakkyndig rapport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Niels; Mæhre Lauritzen, Eva

    2009-01-01

    Sakkyndig komité under NOKUT vedrørende akkreditering af mastergradsstudium i Bibliotek- og informasjonsvitenskap, Høgskolen i Oslo. Delemner: Museum - samling og formidling; Digitalisering og digital formidling af kulturav......Sakkyndig komité under NOKUT vedrørende akkreditering af mastergradsstudium i Bibliotek- og informasjonsvitenskap, Høgskolen i Oslo. Delemner: Museum - samling og formidling; Digitalisering og digital formidling af kulturav...

  7. National campaign - 100 collectivities connected to the green electric power; Campagne nationale - 100 collectivites se branchent a l'electricite verte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Since july 2004, the local collectivities, the little and medium enterprises and the craft workers can choose their electric power supplier. This offer can be a chance for the renewable energy. The association ''eco maires'' with the help of the WWF began a campaign to obtain the involvement of 100 collectivities interested by the green electric power. The project is presented. The authors presents also the new European Network on the green electric power, Eugene (European Green Electricity Network), which aims to harmonize criteria on the green electric power and to deliver certificates of quality. (A.L.B.)

  8. Local Foods, Local Places

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Local Foods, Local Places technical assistance program protects human health and the environment, spurs revitalization, increases access to healthy foods, and creates economic opportunities by promoting local foods.

  9. "Siamo Vicini, No?": Negotiating Commonality for Rapport Building in Italian L1-L2 Online Text Chat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tudini, Vincenza; Strambi, Antonella

    2017-01-01

    Focusing specifically on the negotiation of commonality, this study explores rapport building (Spencer-Oatey, 2000) in online intercultural text chat, where Australian students of Italian interact with L1 Italian speakers. Although the initial purpose of the examined chat exchanges is to facilitate L2 acquisition, analysis of transcripts indicates…

  10. Banque Interaméricaine de Développement rapport annuel 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Banque Interaméricaine de Développement (BID)

    2007-01-01

    Ce rapport annuel contient un bref aperçu de la situation économique de l'Amérique Latine et des Caraïbes, ainsi qu'un examen des activités de la Banque en 2006. Il contient aussi une description des opérations de la Banque -prêts, garanties et dons-; ainsi qu'un examen et une analyse de la Direction: Capital ordinaire; états financiers de la Banque et leurs annexes. La Banque a lancé un certain nombre de nouveaux programmes importants, dont le principal a été l'Initiative Opportunités pour l...

  11. RAPPORT: running scientific high-performance computing applications on the cloud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Jeremy; Filippis, Ioannis; Woodbridge, Mark; Bauer, Daniela; Hong, Neil Chue; Jackson, Mike; Butcher, Sarah; Colling, David; Darlington, John; Fuchs, Brian; Harvey, Matt

    2013-01-28

    Cloud computing infrastructure is now widely used in many domains, but one area where there has been more limited adoption is research computing, in particular for running scientific high-performance computing (HPC) software. The Robust Application Porting for HPC in the Cloud (RAPPORT) project took advantage of existing links between computing researchers and application scientists in the fields of bioinformatics, high-energy physics (HEP) and digital humanities, to investigate running a set of scientific HPC applications from these domains on cloud infrastructure. In this paper, we focus on the bioinformatics and HEP domains, describing the applications and target cloud platforms. We conclude that, while there are many factors that need consideration, there is no fundamental impediment to the use of cloud infrastructure for running many types of HPC applications and, in some cases, there is potential for researchers to benefit significantly from the flexibility offered by cloud platforms.

  12. Eating Animals to Build Rapport: Conducting Research as Vegans or Vegetarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katie MacDonald

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Notions of hospitality, community, and the fostering of rapport and connection are foundational concerns for conducting research across difference. Drawing on methodological literature, this paper considers how access to various communities and “good” data is structured by the notion that in order to develop rapport researchers accept the “food”, specifically “meat” offered by their hosts. When researchers are vegetarians or vegans, this can entail a conflict in which questions of hospitality, relationships, and responsibility to ethical commitments come to the fore. As such, we analyze methodological literature in which the logic of nonhuman animal sacrifice is considered a means to the ends of research through the development of “rapport”—often coded as an ethical relationship of respect to the participant. We draw on experiences of veg*n researchers to explore how this assumption functions to position the consumption of meat as a necessary undertaking when conducting research, and in turn, denies nonhuman animal subjecthood. We interrogate the assumption that culture and communities are static inasmuch as this literature suggests ways to enter and exit spaces leaving minimal impact, and that posits participants will not trust researchers nor understand their decisions against eating nonhuman animals. We argue that because food consumption is figured as a private and individual choice, animals are not considered subjects in research. Thus, we articulate a means to consider vegan and/or vegetarians politics, not as a marker of difference, but as an attempt to engage in ethical relationships with nonhuman animals. In so doing, we call for the inclusion of nonhuman animals in relationships of hospitality, and thereby attempt to politicize the practice of food consumption while conducting research.

  13. Institutional aspects of local participation in natural resource management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herminia C. Tanguilig

    2010-09-01

    governance.Le Code gouvernemental local des Philippines constitue la base de la gestion des ressources naturelles locales. Ce Code, qui a été promulgué en 1991, n’est toutefois pas nécessairement l’élément moteur pour de nombreuses collectivités locales qui ont fait des progrès décisifs en matière de gestion des ressources naturelles locales (RNL.Cet article cite des études de cas qui révèlent les obstacles politiques et institutionnels à la mise en œuvre des programmes de gestion des ressources naturelles locaux et participatifs ; les leçons et expériences des collectivités locales pour associer bonne gouvernance et RNL ; les activités de recherche et de développement en matière de RNL locale et participative ; et les points institutionnels et politiques clés à communiquer au niveau national.Grâce à un plan de développement et de gestion des ressources naturelles (NRMDP utilisant des partenariats publics-privés et tirant parti de la présence d’organisations de recherche et non-gouvernementales, de l’industrie agro-alimentaire et d’autres secteurs communautaires, la municipalité de Lantapan, une collectivité locale, a réussi à surmonter les contraintes telles que le manque de budget, de main d’œuvre, de compétences techniques et la participation insuffisante de la communauté.L’une des caractéristiques clés du NRMDP est le programme de protection des terres axé sur la formation de groupes communautaires qui mobilisent des ressources pour une adoption plus large des pratiques de préservation. Le programme de protection des terres est une approche locale pour la dissémination rapide et bon marché de technologies d’agroforesterie et de pratiques de préservation disponibles, simples et à faible coût. On a également découvert que les communautés avaient des rôles importants à jouer mais que les collectivités locales avaient une plus grande responsabilité car elles fournissent la politique et la base

  14. Managing Psychiatrist-Patient Relationships in the Digital Age: a Summary Review of the Impact of Technology-enabled Care on Clinical Processes and Rapport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parish, Michelle Burke; Fazio, Sarina; Chan, Steven; Yellowlees, Peter M

    2017-10-27

    Participatory medicine and the availability of commercial technologies have given patients more options to view and track their health information and to communicate with their providers. This shift in the clinical process may be of particular importance in mental healthcare where rapport plays a significant role in the therapeutic process. In this review, we examined literature related to the impact of technology on the clinical workflow and patient-provider rapport in the mental health field between January 2014 and June 2017. Thirty three relevant articles, of 226 identified articles, were summarized. The use of technology clinically has evolved from making care more accessible and efficient to leveraging technology to improve care, communication, and patient-provider rapport. Evidence exists demonstrating that information and communication technologies may improve care by better connecting patients and providers and by improving patient-provider rapport, although further research is needed.

  15. Constructions du stress, psychologisation du social et rapport au public (RAPPORT DE RECHERCHE "ACI TRAVAIL") : Les cas des infirmières hospitalières, des conducteurs de bus et des policiers

    OpenAIRE

    Loriol, Marc; Boussard, Valérie; Caroly, Sandrine

    2004-01-01

    Rapport de 172 pages; The transformation of organizational and productive models and the development of service sector are accompanied with the emergence of new claims in the field of health at work. Trough the themes of stress, burn out, mobbing or repetitive strain injuries, the mental health and well being at work are the subject of many trade unions actions, academic researches and newspapers article. Most of these researches are conduct by psychologists or doctor in medicine. So, when so...

  16. Mesures de procédure spéciales et respect des droits de l'homme Rapport général

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vervaele, J.A.E.

    2009-01-01

    Le but du rapport général est de mener une analyse comparative des rapports nationaux en vue de présenter les processus de transformation des systèmes de justice pénale internes, en particulier du procès pénal, étant donné que des mesures procédurales spéciales sont introduites pour appréhender le

  17. L’amitié dans la relation ethnographique. Traitement de l’individu et rapport à l’autre dans les groupes locaux de Hijra (Delhi, Inde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuelle Novello

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available L’amitié dans la relation ethnographique. Traitement de l’individu et rapport à l’autre dans les groupes locaux de Hijra (Delhi, Inde. « Tu es mon amie. Tu es la seule qui me comprenne. » Ces mots, toujours les mêmes, sont revenus sans cesse lors de l’enquête ethnographique que j’ai menée auprès des Hijra de Delhi. Les Hijra forment une catégorie sociale panindienne. Elles sont nées biologiquement hommes ou hermaphrodites, s’habillent et se parent continuellement comme des femmes et, parfois, sont émasculées. Les ethnologues parlent parfois de leur relation avec leurs informateurs en terme d’amitié sans que cette relation soit exprimée et pensée comme telle par ces derniers. Qu’en est-il lorsque la société étudiée désigne l’ethnologue en tant qu’ami et lorsque cette désignation transforme la nature des rapports qu’elle entretenait auparavant avec lui ? L’étude de l’amitié que les Hijra me proposèrent fournira, en premier lieu, un exemple de la façon dont l’ethnologue peut se trouver engagé dans ce rapport affectif. Il s’agira de qualifier cette relation ethnographique par la description du processus d’évolution de mon rôle d’une part, et par l’examen des comportements et des pratiques qui la sanctionnent et qui y sont engagés d’autre part. Cette réflexion sur les représentations et les valeurs auxquelles mes interlocutrices faisaient référence en me conférant la place d’amie, informera en second lieu sur le traitement de l’individu et de l’altérité prévalant dans la catégorie sociale « Hijra ».Friendship in ethnographical relations. Treatment of the individual and relation to the other in local groups of Hijra (Delhi, India. “You are my friend. You are the only person who understands me.” These words, always the same, were endlessly repeated during my ethnographical survey of the Hijra of Delhi. The Hijra form a pan-Indian social category. Born

  18. Le rapport Coopération pour le développement de l'OCDE souligne ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 févr. 2018 ... Cette 55e édition du rapport Coopération pour le développement fournit une analyse exhaustive des contraintes liées aux données auxquelles les pays en .... OCDE et OMC (2017), Panorama de l'aide pour le commerce 2017 : Promouvoir le commerce, l'inclusion et la connectivité pour un développement ...

  19. Télétravail à domicile et nouveaux rapports au travail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Françoise Sitnikoff

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Le travail à domicile est une organisation ancienne. Il se décline dans une série d’activités salariées ou indépendantes, réalisées pour partie ou en totalité dans l’espace domestique. Le télétravail à domicile, basé sur l’utilisation de l’informatique et des technologies de l’information et de la communication, en représente un aspect moderne. Il redéfinit les frontières spatio-temporelles qui ont fortement structuré le monde du travail. Obligeant souvent à une forte implication, valorisé pour la liberté et la créativité, questionnant la séparation des sphères professionnelle et privée, le télétravail à domicile, lorsqu’il est pratiqué par des populations qualifiées et amatrices d’autonomie, peut être considéré comme emblématique des transformations contemporaines du rapport au travail et du rapport à l’emploi. Cette thématique mêle des enjeux transversaux et nous interroge sur l’évolution des modes de vie, sur de nouvelles figures de l’autorité et sur de nouvelles formes de recherche du bonheur au travail.Home work is an old type of organization. It corresponds to many activities which are salaried or independent and which are realized partially or entirely in domestic space. Home telework, using ICT, represents a modern form of home work. It changes space-time frontiers which have traditionally characterized work organization. It can require a strong implication, it can bring freedom and creativity, it questions the frontiers between work and non work: home telework, concerning qualified people who want autonomy, can be regarded as a symbol of contemporary transformations of work and employment. Theses themes question us about new ways of life, about the evolution of authority, and about happiness in working life.

  20. Technical and scientific report of the Alto project; Rapport scientifique et technique du projet ALTO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Essabaa, S.; Gardes, D.; Grialou, D.; Ibrahim, F.; Le Scornet, J.C

    2002-07-01

    The Alto project means the installation of an electron linear accelerator inside the experimental area of the tandem accelerator of the nuclear physics institute of Orsay (IPNO, France). This linear accelerator comes from CERN where it was operating as a pre-injector for LEP. This equipment will allow IPNO'teams to perform fast kinetics studies in a domain different from that of ELYSE accelerator. The time resolution will not be as high as that of ELYSE (picosecond) but will be sufficient (microsecond) to produce free radicals in aqueous and gaseous media. The main expectations of this installation can be classified according 3 axis: 1) basic research (mainly the study of nuclear matter through photo-fission, 2) research and development of accelerators (by providing a test bench for new high frequency systems and superconducting components), and 3) applied research for industry concerning: biochemistry under irradiation, radiation sensibility, DNA breaking, food and drug sterilization and behaviour of electronic components under irradiation. This rapport details the research program that could be achieved with this equipment, describes its contributions in terms of economic development, cooperation with industry, student training, and specifies the needed investment and the operating and maintenance costs. (A.C.)

  1. Recherches sur les possibilités d'implantation végétale sur sites miniers (rapport de deuxième année)

    OpenAIRE

    Jaffré, Tanguy; Rigault, Frédéric

    1991-01-01

    Ce rapport fait le point des travaux réalisés et des résultats obtenus au cours de la deuxième année de la convention signée entre l'ORSTOM et la SLN pour caractériser les sites miniers et pour rechercher les espèces locales susceptibles d'être utilisées pour les végétaliser. Les principaux résultats concernent : - L'analyse des sites miniers du bassin de la Tontouta, des régions de Thio, de Poro, de Kouaoua et du Mont Kaala. - Le choix des espèces pionnières herbacées et arbustives susceptib...

  2. La conflictualité des rapports de travail dans l’économie de la connaissance: une perspective identitaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Rojas-Rojas

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article a pour objectif de mettre en avant l’irréductibilité du conflit dans les rapports de travail entre dirigeants et subordonnés au sein des entreprises les plus avancées des économies développées. La conflictualité dans les rapports de travail est envisagée dans une perspective identitaire s’appuyant sur le concept psychanalytique d’inhumanité. L’inhumanité au travail est définie comme la dimension de la condition humaine qui conduit l’individu à affirmer son identité par la négation partielle de la condition d’humanité d’autrui dans les rapports de travail. Les auteurs entendent ainsi montrer l’illusion managériale qui préside à la mise en place de programmes visant à a-conflictualiser les rapports de travail dans l’organisation. Pour les auteurs, ces programmes ne peuvent faire disparaître une inhumanité profondément ancrée dans les structures formelles et dans le système culturel, symbolique et imaginaire de l’organisation. La permanence de l’inhumanité dans les rapports de travail reflète l’existence de puissants obstacles psychiques et culturels s’opposant à la reconnaissance pleine et entière de la condition humaine au sein des organisations. L’impossibilité d’exprimer l’altérité dans son identité dans le champ organisationnel conduit à déplacer la pulsion agressive vers la violence non plus symbolique mais concrète. Et face à la violence, le management n’a ni emprise, ni outil de gestion. Comme le démontre l’histoire de l’humanité, seule la civilisation et la culture peuvent aboutir à mieux reconnaître et se reconnaître dans l’altérité.

  3. Le changement perpétuel au cœur des rapports de domination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Luc Metzger

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Les sociétés contemporaines connaissent un accroissement des inégalités, en termes de richesse et d’accès au pouvoir. Le fait gestionnaire, par son emprise croissante, joue un rôle particulièrement important dans l’actualisation des rapports de domination. Il se situe, en effet, à l'articulation entre les décisions politiques majeures et les transformations des sphères d'activité sociale. Mais c'est aussi par le renouvellement permanent de ses différentes composantes que le fait gestionnaire agit : procédant par expérimentations successives, il assure ainsi la perpétuation de rapports de domination, au cœur même des sphères économiques et professionnelles. Pour montrer la pertinence de cette approche, l’article élabore, dans le prolongement des acquis de la sociologie du travail, un modèle pour analyser la volonté gestionnaire de changer. En appliquant ce modèle à un vaste éventail de contextes professionnels, nous pointons et expliquons les effets de polarisation sociale qu’engendre cette volonté.The constant change at the heart relations oh dominationContemporary societies are experiencing growing inequalities in wealth and access to power. The process of “managerialism”, by its increasing influence, plays a particularly important role in updating the relations of domination. It is, indeed, located at the joint between the major policy decisions and changes in social spheres. But this process acts also by the constant renewal of its various components: proceeding by successive experiments, it ensures the perpetuation of relations of domination, at the heart of economic and professional spheres. To show the relevance of this approach, the paper develops, following the achievements of the sociology of work, a model to analyze the managerial will of change. Applying this model to a wide range of advanced professional contexts, we point out and explain the effects of social polarization generated by this will

  4. Apprendre, un moment de vie ? Savoir, expérience et rapport au vivant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noack Julie

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif de cette communication est de comparer sur le plan pédagogique deux conceptions du rapport entre science et vivant, diamétralement opposées sur le plan épistémologique. En se basant sur un livre [1], une conférence [2] et un entretien [3], on analysera l’expérience de pensée par laquelle le biologiste et épistémologue Jean-Jacques Kupiec fait se sentir vivants les apprenants afin de mieux les conscientiser aux réquisits de la démarche scientifique. On comparera ensuite les motivations de Kupiec avec les idées pédagogiques du philosophe-médecin Georges Canguilhem (1904–1995 afin d’essayer de comprendre pourquoi l’un et l’autre jugent pertinent de faire remarquer à l’apprenant qu’il est actuellement en vie. Car, malgré des conceptions du vivant diamétralement opposées, Canguilhem et Kupiec se rejoignent sur l’idée que l’expérience vitale joue un rôle crucial – que ce soit en positif ou en négatif, comme un obstacle épistémologique ou comme un levier heuristique – dans l’apprentissage et la pratique de la biologie ou de la médecine. Prendre en charge cette expérience constitue peut-être une ressource face au double défi (scientifique et éthico-politique qui échoit à l’éducation aux sciences du vivant.

  5. Natural Afsluitdijk. Phase 1. Report Marketing Research Afsluitdijk; Natuurlijk Afsluitdijk. Fase 1 rapport Marktverkenning Afsluitdijk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-15

    An overview is given of sketches and ideas for an integral vision on the Afsluitdijk, Netherlands with regard to safety, sustainability and innovation. Chapter 2 sheds a light on the original idea and explains the elaborated vision. Chapter 3 contains the integral vision, discussing the development process, the design models and the elaboration of the various functions, including their synergy. Chapter 4 addresses the feasibility of the vision. Chapter 5 examines the effects and the stakeholders. Chapter 6 provides the legal and administrative frameworks and chapter 7 provides a preliminary analysis of the shaping of the public-private process. Finally, chapter 8 provides a state of the art at the end of phase 1 of the marketing research Afsluitdijk. [Dutch] Dit rapport van het consortium 'Natuurlijk Afsluitdijk' bevat schetsen en ideeen voor een integrale visie op de Afsluitdijk t.a.v. veiligheid, duurzaamheid en innovatie. Het Consortium Natuurlijk Afsluitdijk bestaat uit de volgende partijen: Wubbo Ockels B.V.; Haskoning Nederland B.V.; Cooperatieve Centrale Raiffeisen-Boerenleenbank B.A. (Rabobank); Van Oord Dredging and Marine Contractors B.V.; Koninklijke BAM Groep N.V. (BAM); Raadgevend Ingenieursbureau Lievense B.V.; Eneco Milieu B.V. Hoofdstuk 2 belicht het oorspronkelijke idee en geeft de uitgewerkte visie weer. Hoofdstuk 3 is de 'Integrale visie', waarbij zowel het ontwikkelproces, de ontwerpmodellen en de uitwerking van de verschillende functies, inclusief hun synergie worden weergegeven. In hoofdstuk 4 komt de haalbaarheid aan de orde. In hoofdstuk 5 komen de effecten en stakeholders aan de orde. In hoofdstuk 6 de wettelijke en bestuurlijke kaders en in hoofdstuk 7 wordt een eerste analyse gegeven van de vormgeving van het publiekprivate proces. Hoofdstuk 8 tenslotte geeft de stand van zaken aan het einde van fase 1 van de Marktverkenning Afsluitdijk.

  6. Sociographie d’un rapport au temps comme fondement de la culture professionnelle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abou Ndiaye

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Signer un contrat de travail c’est convenir de louer à une entreprise, contre rétribution, une partie de son temps personnel. Cet usage est borné par la loi, les accords de branche et les accords d’entreprise. Mais, dans certaines conditions, pour certaines raisons et pour des motivations jugées plus ou moins personnelles, un travailleur peut faire des « gratuités » et des arrangements exorbitants au regard de la réglementation et semble-t-il, en accord avec ses propres principes et valeurs… C’est ce que nous nommons le rapport au temps. D’où, en signalant que l’emploi du temps individuel et sa rétribution constituent les principaux objets de transaction dans le monde salarial, on conçoit donc que le rapport au temps est l’élément structurant de la culture professionnelle. Celle-ci correspond à un ensemble de prescriptions et/ou de proscriptions, de manières de se comporter, d’agir… relevant a priori d’un bon sens (professionnel partagé par les membres d’un groupe professionnel. Cette culture professionnelle amalgame, englobe et transcende les cultures spécifiques d’entreprise. Chez les agents d’animation, par exemple, quel que soit l’employeur, chacun trouve « normal » de travailler dans un temps scandé et « déritualisé », haché et fragmenté, bref décalé de la temporalité sociale dominante, là où, ailleurs, dans un autre domaine d’activité, cette situation aurait été jugée inacceptable ou refusée… De même que l’animateur attend que son travail lui donne plaisir et respecte sa vie personnelle, ce qui n’est pas forcément vrai chez le salarié ordinaire.Sociography of a « culture of time » as a foundation of professional cultureThe example of sociocultural officersWorking for a company means renting to it for money a part of a personal time. This time is used according law, branch agreements and company level. But, in certain conditions, for some personal

  7. Performance structurelle et informationnelle du rapport d’audit normatif des institutions financières islamiques : analyse qualitative et pertinence linguistique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mondher Fakhfakh

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available La norme islamique d’audit no 2 (IAS2 propose un modèle standard pour le contenu rapport d’audit sur les états financiers d’une institution financière islamique. Ce modèle s’adresse à une communauté des auditeurs qui sont astreints à rehausser la qualité de leurs travaux et à respecter des principes issus de la religion islamique (Shariaa. Théoriquement, le contenu de ce rapport doit réunir les caractéristiques qualitatives des informations financières et notamment celles qui touchent l’intelligibilité. La lisibilité du rapport d’audit islamique renforce la qualité des informations divulguées par les institutions financières et améliore la satisfaction des besoins informationnels des utilisateurs internes et externes des états financiers. Cet article discute avec approfondissement les caractéristiques structurelles et la performance linguistique du rapport d’audit standardisé par l’Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI. Les résultats mettent en exergue des défaillances qui invitent l’organisme de normalisation islamique à revoir la standardisation des rapports d’audit et à suivre les nouveaux changements qui accompagnent le processus de modélisation des messages d’audit.

  8. Le rapport Coopération pour le développement de l'OCDE souligne ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 févr. 2018 ... Afin que l'élaboration et l'amélioration des statistiques soient mises à l'avant-plan du programme de développement, l'OCDE a travaillé en étroite collaboration avec PARIS21 pour produire le rapport Coopération pour le développement 2017 dont le thème est « Données et développement ». Chaque ...

  9. Gouvernance de l’eau potable et dynamiques locales en zone rurale au Bénin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard G. Hounmenou

    2006-05-01

    écision ainsi que la participation des communautés à l’investissement et à la gestion des points d’eau. La concrétisation de cette volonté d’améliorer les systèmes d’alimentation en eau potable se traduit par exemple, par l’adhésion des communautés à travers leurs contributions financières à la réalisation des ouvrages et la mise en place de structures de gestion chargées de l’entretien et de la maintenance de ces derniers. Les structures de gestion ont entre autres tâches, de mobiliser la participation financière des populations à la construction des ouvrages, de fixer le prix de l’eau, de choisir les vendeurs et de gérer la maintenance des équipements. La nouvelle stratégie se traduit aussi par l’entrée dans le système local lié à la gouvernance de l’eau potable en zone rurale, de nouveaux acteurs tels que les collectivités locales (les nouvelles communes, les ONG, les entreprises du secteur privé et les organisations d’usagers d’eau, qui ont un fonctionnement assez proche de celui des entreprises sociales. A partir d’éléments empiriques, cet article se focalise sur les analyses liées aux dynamiques socio-économiques des acteurs impliqués dans le processus d’approvisionnement en eau des populations rurales au Bénin.In populations’ basic service supplying, the public policies, especially those of developing countries, have met deep changes in the last recent years. The most important changes are relative to the withdrawal of gratuitous public service. Beside the fundamental necessity of states to clean their economies, those reforms aim to favour populations’ participation in the management of operations linked to their needs satisfaction. The participation question constitutes actually a major element, for services organisation at community level. Indeed, several experiences have shown that the projects realised without the concerned populations’ participation, have failed at the execution moment, or by the lack

  10. Building trust and rapport early in the new doctor-patient relationship: a longitudinal qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dang, Bich N; Westbrook, Robert A; Njue, Sarah M; Giordano, Thomas P

    2017-02-02

    New patients are a particularly vulnerable population because they are at high risk of missing a subsequent visit or dropping out of care completely. However, few data exist on what new patients value in the beginning of a relationship with a new provider. Persons with HIV infection may be an ideal population to study the drivers of a positive initial patient-provider relationship, as it is a chronic and serious condition that requires a reliable, ongoing relationship with a provider. Informed by patients' real experiences, this study aims to identify what patients see as the most critical elements for building trust and rapport from the outset. We conducted longitudinal, in-person interviews with 21 patients new to the HIV clinic at the Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Houston, Texas, from August 2013 to March 2015. Patients were interviewed across three time points: once before their first provider visit, a second time within two weeks after the first visit, and a third time at 6 to 12 months after the first provider visit. We conducted 61 h of patient interviews. The mean age was 53 years; 52% were non-Hispanic white, 23% were non-Hispanic black and 19% were Hispanic. Patients described significant anxiety and vulnerability not just from HIV itself, but also in starting a relationship as a new patient to a new provider. Our analysis of these experiences revealed five actions providers can take to reduce their patients' anxiety and build trust early in the first visit: 1) provide reassurance to patients, 2) tell patients it's okay to ask questions, 3) show patients their lab results and explain what they mean, 4) avoid language and behaviors that are judgmental of patients, and 5) ask patients what they want [i.e., treatment goals and preferences]. Our study incorporates direct input from patients and highlights the unique psychological challenges that patients face in seeking care from a new provider. The actionable opportunities cited by

  11. Mission archéologique franco-ouzbèque de Bactriane septentrionale : Rapport 12 (2004). : Bilan de la campagne d'automne 2004.

    OpenAIRE

    Leriche, Pierre; Pidaev, Sakirdzan Rasulevic; Appert, S.; D'Alascio, Hugues; Gnat, Aurélien; Houal, Jean-Baptiste; Mouradova, D. H.; Moustafakoulov, Sammareddine; Pézier, Antoine; Scherrer-Schaub, Cristina

    2004-01-01

    Rapport de mission illustré (cartes, plans, photographies).; This report describes the excavations at Termez, in the fortification of Tchingiz Tepe (necropolis, bronze Greek coin, bead, looking-glass ; in a temple (propylea, kiln, burial from the Islamic World) and a stupa.; Ce rapport décrit les fouilles de Termez, sur les fortifications du Tchingiz Tepe (nécropole, monnaie grecque en bronze, perle, miroir) ; d'un temple (propylée, four, sépulture islamique) et d'une stoupa.

  12. « En quête de politiques numériques locales au Sénégal. Compte-rendu de la thèse d’Ibrahima Sylla »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Vidal

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available La thèse de I. Sylla « Les collectivités locales face au défi du numérique. Le cas des communes d’arrondissement de Dakar » confirme si besoin était que dans le domaine des politiques numériques, le discours fait partie intégrante de l’action. Ce travail de 446 pages, annexes comprises, scindé en deux parties de trois chapitres, répond aux exigences de la thèse. L’auteur fait montre de qualités indéniables d’écriture et d’argumentation même s’il abuse des notes de bas de page dont « la moitié...

  13. Opportunity Analysis for Developing a Micropayment System in Local Area Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian GEORGESCU

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Although transactions with small amounts of cash are simple and quick, they still present drawbacks. The main issue is to drastically reduce costs for very small electronic payments and solutions have already started to be identified. In this paper, the proposed solution implies aggregating payments into a privately owned local area network that operates at low costs and making only one transfer to the banking systems for each buyer. The equipment used has to be easy to operate and straightforward, security procedures have to be simple and based on the rapport between the cost of fraud and the expected value obtained through fraud and rapports with the bank have to be kept within profitability margins.

  14. Local food:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sundbo, Donna Isabella Caroline

    2013-01-01

    Recently there has been more focus on food in general and local food in particular. But what is local food? And what are the perceptions of this concept according to theory and to providers and consumers of local food? This article first summarises and compares three different theoretical perspec...... the providers and consumers studied on what local food is. However, this may change in time.......Recently there has been more focus on food in general and local food in particular. But what is local food? And what are the perceptions of this concept according to theory and to providers and consumers of local food? This article first summarises and compares three different theoretical...... perspectives on local food, namely experience economy, local food systems and what is termed pro-industrialism. These have differing and sometimes opposite conceptualisations and aims for the concept of local food. Using the perspective of experience economy as theoretical background, the concept of local food...

  15. ANCLI annual report 2003; ANCLI rapport d'activite 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    The National Association for the Information Local Commissions (ANCLI) was created in september 1999. This association aims to develop an exchange and information network for the information local commissions. In this framework it develops information sheets, Internet site, nuclear centers visits, colloquium and formations organizations. This report presents the annual activities for the year 2003. (A.L.B.)

  16. ANCLI annual report 2004; ANCLI rapport d'activite 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The National Association for the Information Local Commissions (ANCLI) was created in september 1999. This association aims to develop an exchange and information network for the information local commissions. In this framework it develops information sheets, Internet site, nuclear centers visits, colloquium and formations organizations. This report presents the annual activities for the year 2004. (A.L.B.)

  17. Broedsucces van kustbroedvogels in de Waddenzee in 2006: rapport in het kader van het WOT Programma Informatievoorziening Natuur i.o. (WOT IN)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, de P.; Oosterbeek, K.H.; Koffijberg, K.; Ens, B.J.; Smit, C.J.; Jong, de M.L.

    2008-01-01

    Dit rapport presenteert de resultaten van het ‘Reproductiemeetnet Waddenzee’ dat door IMARES en SOVON Vogelonderzoek Nederland sinds 2005 in de Waddenzee wordt gecoördineerd in het kader van de Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Informatievoorziening Natuur. Doel van het meetnet is het vaststellen van het

  18. A + (B[subscript 1]) Professor--student Rapport + (B[subscript 2]) Humor + (B[subscript 3]) Student Engagement = (Y) Student Ratings of Instructors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richmond, Aaron S.; Berglund, Majken B.; Epelbaum, Vadim B.; Klein, Eric M.

    2015-01-01

    Teaching effectiveness is often evaluated through student ratings of instruction (SRI). Research suggests that there are many potential factors that can predict student's perceptions of teaching effectiveness such as professor-student rapport, student engagement, and perceived humor of the instructor. Therefore, we sought to assess whether…

  19. Le sport, lieu de questionnement des rapports sociaux de sexe ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carine Guérandel

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article analyse les rapports sociaux de sexe au sein d’une équipe sportive mixte d’ultimate à partir du concept de « régime de genre » de Robert Connell. L’étude prend également en compte les caractéristiques sociales des pratiquants et du contexte afin de penser conjointement la construction sociale des différences de genre et de classe. Enfin, en s’intéressant aux manières dont les hommes et les femmes interagissent au cours des entraînements et des situations de match, ce travail s’intéresse à la question des modes de construction de la mixité. Les résultats montrent notamment les effets contrastés du régime de genre de l’ultimate.When sport questions social relations of sexes: the example of a co-ed team activity in competitionThis article analyzes social relations of sexes in a co-ed team sport called ultimate with Robert Connell’s concept of « gender regime ». The study also takes into account the social characteristics of practitioners and contexts in order to examine social construction of gender and class differences. Then this research will look at men and women’s interactions during training and match situations to deal with the issue of co-ed construction ways. Results show that the gender regime of ultimate drives to contrasting effects.Cuando el deporte cuestiona las relaciones sociales de género: el ejemplo de una práctica colectiva mixta en competiciónEste articulo analiza las relaciones sociales de género dentro un equipo deportista mixto de « ultímate » a partir del concepto de « régimen de género » de Robert Connell. El estudio tiene también en cuenta las características sociales de los practicantes y del contexto para pensar de forma conjunta la construcción social de las diferencias de género y de clase. Se ha estudiado la forma en la que hombres y mujeres interactúan durante los entrenamientos y los partidos, este trabajo se interesa por la pregunta de los

  20. Capacités et compétitivité locales en matière d'innovation ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Capacités et compétitivité locales en matière d'innovation technologique en Chine occidentale. Au cours des 20 dernières années, la Chine a connu une croissance économique extraordinaire. Toutefois, la vaste portion occidentale du pays traîne de la patte par rapport à la côte est, très dynamique. Le fossé entre les deux ...

  1. “You see other persons in ourselves”: Experience of political rapport in territorially based organizations placed in Buenos Aires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Cross

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article is the result of a qualitative inquiry started on 2001, whose principal interest was the study of territorially-based process of social organization and mobilization. From the eighties, is possible to find two main approaches in the study of political bonds in the underclass: those which suppose the perfect matching between public demands and individual reasons for political involving and those which sustain an absolute alienation between those demands and participants’ individual interests. From the study of two life stories, we observe that political participation leaves traces on the way how subjects articulate their experiences. That is to say, in the way how they give sense to their past and present attitudes and perceptions and in the manner they anticipate their future. This point of view let us overcome the interrogation about reasons that explain political mobilization and its related reifying interpretations about construction of the political rapports.

  2. Lignes directrices pour la préparation des rapports financiers

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC CRDI

    Nom de l'institution : Devise de travail : Devise du compte bancaire : Date de début des travaux. (jj/mm/aaa) : Fonds parallèles/. Contribution locale. : S'il y a eu octroi de fonds parallèles et/ou decontributions locales à ce projet, veuillez remplir et retourner le formulaire RF5 (Obtention de fonds parallèles et de contributions ...

  3. Local Content

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Gibberd, Jeremy

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available is also delineated in order to demonstrate the implications of local content on building design, construction and operation. The advantages and disadvantages of local content approaches are discussed and illustrated through examples. Finally, broad...

  4. Local complications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Akker, H.P.; Baart, J.A.; Baart, J.A.; Brand, H.S.

    2017-01-01

    Local anaesthesia is frequently used in dentistry and seldom leads to serious local complications. Nevertheless, it is of great importance to be aware of the causes of each local complication and – if necessary – implement correct treatment. The patient must be informed extensively and, if

  5. Les Antilles françaises : entre risque sismique et stratégies locales de prévention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Mavoungo

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Cet article souligne la particularité des politiques locales menées récemment en Martinique et en Guadeloupe en matière de gestion du risque sismique. Ces Départements Français des Amériques, fortement exposés à la menace sismique, s’impliquent depuis peu dans une véritable dynamique préventive soutenue par l’action des Collectivités. Des stratégies locales de réduction de la vulnérabilité humaine et technique sont expérimentées au bénéfice de la population. Elles viennent renforcer ou compléter les efforts étatiques visant une plus grande implication du citoyen à son information et à sa sécurité face aux séismes.This article underlines the characteristic of the local policies followed recently in Martinique and Guadeloupe as regards seismic risk management. These French Departments of Americas, strongly exposed to the seismic threat, imply themselves recently in a true preventive dynamics supported by the action of the Communities. Local strategies of reduction of the human and technical vulnerability are tested for the benefit of the population. They come to reinforce or supplement the official efforts of French State aiming a greater implication of the citizen to his information and its safety against the earthquakes.

  6. Memento of decision makers: the national organizations involved in the mastery of greenhouse gas emissions; Memento des decideurs: les collectivites territoriales engagees dans la maitrise des emissions de gaz a effet de serre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    In front of the risks linked with the increase of the greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere, the decision makers must take into consideration first, the scientific advice of climatic change experts, and second, the considerable inertia of the climatic system. Thus, any action implemented so far will have an impact all along the 21. century and later whatever the future human activities. The aim of this memento is to sensibilize the decision makers about the possible consequences of their choice in terms of volume of greenhouse gases and of medium- and long-term evolution: 1 - stakes, role of local decision-makers (greenhouse effect and climatic change, France's international commitment, stakes, liabilities of local decision makers, decentralization laws, local plans of fight against greenhouse effect, public information and dialogue); 2 - urbanism and transports (urban displacements, alternatives to individual cars, collective transportation systems, parking, inter-region transports, goods transport, local urbanization plan, localization of activities, vehicle fleets of local authorities, companies transportation plans); 3 - buildings (energy conservation and consumption in municipal and social buildings, high environmental quality approach, management of maintenance and exploitation contracts, choice of building materials and space heating systems, air-conditioning and space cooling, mastery of power demand, recreational, cultural, school and public health buildings, insulation of buildings); 4 - energy utilities, production and distribution (public lighting, water treatment, municipal wastes, use of renewable energies, cogeneration, district heating networks, power distribution in rural areas: mastery of consumptions and decentralized production, wood-fuel and biomass valorization); 5 - other possible domains of action (tourism, agriculture, forestry and by-products, north-south solidarity with new partnerships). (J.S.)

  7. Mission archéologique franco-ouzbèque de Bactriane septentrionale : Rapport 9 (2001). : Bilan de la campagne d'automne 2001. Programme de la campagne 2002.

    OpenAIRE

    Leriche, Pierre; Pidaev, Sakirdzan Rasulevic; Gavison, Sarah; Genequand, Denis; Ploquin, Alain; STRIDE, Sebastian

    2001-01-01

    Rapport de mission illustré (cartes, plans, photographies).; This report describes the excavations at Termez, in the citadel (medieval coin) ; at Tchingiz Tepe (lamp), in the Metallurgists District (slag) ; the prospectings of searches at Payon Kourgan and Surkan Darya (protohistoric pottery).; Ce rapport décrit les fouilles de Termez, dans la citadelle (monnaie kouchance) ; à Tchingiz Tepe (lampe médiévale) ; dans le quartier des métallurgistes (scories) ; les prospections à Payon Kourgan et...

  8. « Très transformés, très emballés et très mauvais pour la santé... mais à faible risque » : exploration des liens entre sécurité des aliments et salubrité des aliments dans les collectivités

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelsey A. Speed

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : L’insécurité alimentaire et les maladies d’origine alimentaire constituent des enjeux importants au Canada, et on peut considérer les mesures de santé publique prises pour les résoudre comme des facteurs qui façonnent l’environnement alimentaire. De nouvelles données probantes allant dans le sens d'une interrelation entre ces deux domaines, l’objectif de cette étude était d'explorer comment, en Colombie-Britannique (Canada, les efforts en matière de sécurité alimentaire des collectivités et les pratiques de salubrité des aliments (ainsi que les problèmes de santé de la population associés peuvent se recouper, puis d’interpréter ces résultats pour concevoir et construire un environnement alimentaire plus sain. Méthodologie : Nous avons mené 14 entrevues auprès d’informateurs clés (praticiens des secteurs de la sécurité alimentaire des collectivités et de la salubrité des aliments en Colombie-Britannique et procédé à une analyse descriptive qualitative pour trouver les points d’intersection entre ces deux secteurs. Résultats : Les participants ont fait état de quatre modalités de convergence entre les deux secteurs. Ils ont signalé comment les pratiques quotidiennes de leur secteur visant à promouvoir des aliments sûrs ou sains pouvaient être favorisées ou entravées par les activités de l’autre secteur, en partie car les politiques passées, disparates, ne tenaient pas compte des nombreux effets sur la santé en lien avec l'alimentation et car certains types de produits alimentaires, comme les fruits et légumes frais, peuvent être considérés à la fois comme risqués et bénéfiques. Enfin, ils ont souligné que les deux secteurs travaillent à l’atteinte d’un même but, soit celui d’améliorer la santé de la population, même si leur optique se révèle légèrement différente. Conclusion : La sécurité alimentaire et la salubrité des aliments sont connectées de

  9. Propriété de soi et indifférence morale du rapport à soi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Maillard Romagnoli

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Je m’interroge dans cet article sur les implications du principe libertarien de la pleine propriété de soi sur la question du rapport moral à soi-même. À travers le principe de la pleine propriété de soi, les libertariens défendent la liberté entière de chacun de vivre comme il l���entend, pourvu que les droits des autres soient respectés. Apparemment, ce principe n’a pas grand-chose à nous dire sur ce que nous sommes moralement autorisés à nous faire à nous-mêmes ou non. Certains libertariens, comme Vallentyne, soutiennent toutefois que le principe de la pleine propriété de soi est incompatible avec l’existence de devoirs envers soi. La pleine propriété de soi impliquerait l’indifférence morale du rapport à soi. Je soutiens dans cet article que le principe de la pleine propriété de soi n’implique pas que ce que nous nous faisons à nous-mêmes soit moralement indifférent. Je veux aussi montrer que même si les libertariens, et en particulier Vallentyne, soutiennent la thèse de l’indifférence morale du rapport à soi, celle-ci n’est pas liée à la thèse de la pleine propriété de soi, mais bien plutôt à leur subjectivisme moral.ABSTRACTI ask in this article what the libertarian principle of full self-ownership has to say about volontary actions directed towards oneself. Through the principle of full self-ownership, libertarians defend the persons’ individual liberty to live as they choose to do, as long as they don’t infringe on the rights of others. Apparently, this principle doesn’t have much to say about what we are morally allowed to do to ourselves or not. Some libertarians, however, like Vallentyne, maintain that, if we have duties or obligations to ourselves, then we cannot be full self-owner. In this perspective, full self-ownership would imply that what we do to ourselves is morally indifferent. I want to show in this article that full self-ownership is compatible with the

  10. Presupuestos lingüísticos para una enseñanza/aprendizaje del "discours rapporté" Francés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leyre Ruiz de Zarobe

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available EI "discours rapporté" 1 es un área de la lengua que resulta problemática en su aprendizaje por parte de los estudiantes de la lengua. Ocurre en general en un buen numero de lenguas, pero aquí vamos a referirnos al caso del aprendizaje del francés lengua extranjera . El objetivo de este trabajo es plantear algunos presupuestos de la lingüística de la enunciación para su aplicación a la ensefianza/aprendizaje del "discours rapporté", lo que nos revela una adquisición mas eficaz, y ofrecer algunas propuestas que pueden facilitar su comprensión, su manejo y su dominio por parte del estudiante de francés lengua extranjera.

  11. Quels rapports entre tournesols, santé publique et territoires ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sausse Christophe

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. is usually known by farmers as a detrimental weed in spring crops, especially sunflower. But it is also known more generally as a public health issue due to its allergenic pollen. The fight against ragweed implies new methods out of the scope of those usually used by agronomists. It does not concern only the cultivated field but the whole territory, not only the farmers but a group of actors not always sharing the same point of view. In order to deal with this complex situation, we built a monitoring dashboard and tested it in the context of a small territory near Lyon (France. This tool allowed the local decision makers to be informed about the management practices, the measures implemented, and their efficiency. The assessments made in 2005 and 2007 usefully highlighted some critical points, such as the management of inter cropping periods on agricultural areas. This monitoring methodology faces some practical problems and still needs to be improved. However, it presents several advantages : the adaptation to local conditions can complement or provide an alternative to approaches based only on regulation. The lessons learned at the local level in the context of this pilot operation can also lead to a global improvement of ragweed control methods.

  12. Local Helioseismology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gizon Laurent

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available We review the current status of local helioseismology, covering both theoretical and observational results. After a brief introduction to solar oscillations and wave propagation through inhomogeneous media, we describe the main techniques of local helioseismology: Fourier-Hankel decomposition, ring-diagram analysis, time-distance helioseismology, helioseismic holography, and direct modeling. We discuss local helioseismology of large-scale flows, the solar-cycle dependence of these flows, perturbations associated with regions of magnetic activity, and solar supergranulation.

  13. Broedsucces van kustbroedvogels in de Waddenzee in 2006: rapport in het kader van het WOT Programma Informatievoorziening Natuur i.o. (WOT IN)

    OpenAIRE

    Boer, de, P.; Oosterbeek, K.H.; Koffijberg, K.; Ens, B.J.; Smit, C.J.; Jong, de, M.L.

    2008-01-01

    Dit rapport presenteert de resultaten van het ‘Reproductiemeetnet Waddenzee’ dat door IMARES en SOVON Vogelonderzoek Nederland sinds 2005 in de Waddenzee wordt gecoördineerd in het kader van de Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Informatievoorziening Natuur. Doel van het meetnet is het vaststellen van het reproductief vermogen van een representatieve selectie van broedvogels in de Waddenzee (Eider, Scholekster, Kluut, Kokmeeuw, Zilvermeeuw, Visdief). Afgezien van Visdief laten alle soorten op dit mom...

  14. Barrages de tufs calcaires et cascades dans le Centre-Var : rapport avec les eaux des sources karstiques, historique et déclin actuel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Nicod

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Dans les vallées de l'intérieur de la Provence, de grandes accumulations de tufs et de travertins sont liées aux sources karstiques importantes. En rapport avec l'évolution géomorphologique, les travertins anciens forment des balcons et des terrasses. La période récente de grande construction travertineuse débute souvent au Préboréal et se généralise dans l'Atlantique. Au cours du Néolithique final, cette sédimentation décroît en fonction de la détérioration climatique et de la déforestation liée à la pression anthropique. Cependant quelques barrages (dômes stromatolitiques et marais, avec dépôts de tourbes, persistent jusqu'à l'âge historique. Dans le Centre-Var, les dépôts de tufs restent actifs dans quelques sites refuges, dans les hautes vallées forestières, proches des sources karstiques, et sur quelques grandes cascades. De plus, le long des rivières, des cascades à tufs sont issues des aménagements de moulins et de canaux d'irrigation.La sédimentation des tufs dépend de nombreux facteurs en interaction, dont :- la minéralisation carbonatée des eaux des sources karstiques,- le régime hydrologique saisonnier,- l'écosystème régional et local (forêts, ripisylves,- le biotope algo-bryophytique.De nos jours, la sédimentation stromatolitique est en situation critique du fait de l'impact de multiples facteurs en rapport avec l'accroissement de l'urbanisation et les changements environnementaux :- pollution, accroissement de la turbidité sur les petits affluents résultant de l'agriculture mécanisée,- diminution drastique des débits dans les saisons de printemps-été, où l'activité algo-bryophytique est la plus favorable, du fait de l'augmentation générale des prélèvements.La période de sécheresse récente (2006-2008 a accentué ces impacts sur les barrages de tufs. Et la protection de ces sites de grand intérêt environnemental et patrimonial pose des problèmes complexes.In the

  15. Localized Scleroderma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... scleroderma, or who are experts at examining the skin, can arrive at the diagnosis without much difficulty after a careful examination. In ... especially in patients who continue to have active skin problems or develop new ... Diagnosis of Localized Scleroderma? The diagnosis of localized scleroderma ...

  16. Net Locality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Souza e Silva, Adriana Araujo; Gordon, Eric

    Provides an introduction to the new theory of Net Locality and the profound effect on individuals and societies when everything is located or locatable. Describes net locality as an emerging form of location awareness central to all aspects of digital media, from mobile phones, to Google Maps...... of emerging technologies, from GeoCities to GPS, Wi-Fi, Wiki Me, and Google Android....

  17. Group EDF annual report 2005 sustainable development; Groupe EDF rapport annuel 2005 developpement durable

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-05-15

    The EDF Group's Sustainable Development Report for 2005 is designed to report on Group commitments particularly within its Agenda 21, its ethical charter, and the Global Compact. It has also been prepared with reference to external reference frameworks: the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) guidelines and the French New Economic Regulations (NRE) contained in the May 15, 2001 French law. It contents the Chairman's statement, the evaluation of renewing and sharing commitments with all stakeholders, the managing local issues, EDF responses to the challenges of the future. Indicators are also provided. (A.L.B.)

  18. Gaz de France 2006 sustainable development report; Gaz de France 2006 rapport developpement durable

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    A major European energy utility, the Gaz de France Group produces, purchases, transports, distributes and sells natural gas, electricity and related services for its residential, corporate and local government customers. this report presents the actions implemented by the group to incorporate sustainable development into its strategy. From the point of view of risks and opportunities, the group analyzes what it takes to ensure development that respects people and the environment, and it implements them in all its business lines and management systems. Content: Gaz de France, portrait of a major energy utility, highlights of 2006, challenges and strategy (defining strategy and sustainable development policy, specific risks and opportunities, activities of the Gaz de France group: challenges, impact for stakeholders, transparency and independence in governing), ranking and implementing (defining sustainable development policy: reviewing priorities, meeting all the challenges, publicizing and defending positions, increasing awareness, overseeing and monitoring results), results of the 2004-2006 sustainable development action plan, dialogue and action with stakeholders, performance assessment, performance in response to challenges: energy challenges (guaranteeing regular supplies, controlling atmospheric emissions, promoting energy conservation, developing renewable energy), industrial challenges (ensuring health and safety, limiting the overall environmental impact of group activities), social responsibility challenges (advocating corporate social responsibility, promoting human rights and fighting corruption, encouraging commitment to solidarity, promoting regional development through local initiatives, reconciling acquisitions, procurement and sustainable development, ensuring transparency in natural gas rates, providing shareholders with quality information, promoting diversity, a source of enrichment, making working conditions a performance factor), indicators and

  19. Reflecting on the PRET A Rapporter Framework Via a Field Study of Adolescents? Perceptions of Technology and Exercise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen M Edwards

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available PRET A Rapporter (PRETAR was developed to explicitly structure user-centered evaluation studies to ensure all necessary elements are individually and independently considered. Its creators see its benefit as twofold: for study design and in retrospective evaluations. We evaluate PRETAR’s potential by applying it retrospectively to one of our eHealth field studies in which we investigated the design requirements for mobile technologies that would support and motivate adolescents to exercise opportunistically. We also use PRETAR to evaluate the key literature for this eHealth study. This shows that typically the research methodology is under-reported. Then we document the study in terms of its purpose, resources, ethical concerns, data collection and analysis techniques, and manner of reporting the study. Finally, our reflection on the use of PRETAR leads us to propose that four different modes of the framework should be applied during the course of a study, that is, when reviewing, planning, conducting, and discussing.

  20. L'agroécologie, un nouveau rapport aux savoirs et à l'innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meynard Jean-Marc

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Bien loin d'une simple fusion entre agronomie et écologie, l'agroécologie apparaît comme un projet innovant, qui se positionne à la fois dans le champ des sciences de la nature, des sciences économiques et sociales, de la politique et de l'action. L'agroécologie nous conduit à explorer de nouveaux champs de savoir, aux interfaces entre disciplines, sur les impacts agronomiques des régulations biologiques autant que sur les systèmes socioécologiques. Mais, plus encore, elle nous engage à faire évoluer nos manières de travailler : développer les approches systémiques, en renonçant aux séduisantes simplifications du type « un problème, un intrant » ; revaloriser les savoirs locaux et les mettre en synergie avec les savoirs scientifiques ; décloisonner l'innovation, en repositionnant l'agriculture au sein des territoires et des systèmes alimentaires ; enfin, favoriser les dynamiques d'apprentissage individuel et collectif, source d'innovation et d'adaptation aux situations locales.

  1. Gaz de France 2006 annual report; Gaz de France 2006 rapport d'activite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    Gaz de France is major European energy utility, which produces, purchases, transports, distributes and sells natural gas, electricity and related services for its residential, corporate and local government customers. Its strategic focuses are to develop an ambitious marketing strategy, pursue a supply and procurement policy that guarantees the Group's competitiveness, confirm its position as a benchmark infrastructure manager, and speed up its profitable growth in Europe. Gaz de France aligns its strategy with a concrete and ambitious sustainable development policy. Its growth model is based on responsiveness to customers and constructive dialogue with its employees and partners. This document is the activity report of the group for the year 2006. It presents: 1 - the corporate profile of the group; 2 - its strategies (energy, energy supply, infrastructures); 3 - its financial highlights; 4 - its governance, shareholders and human resources; 5 - the activities of the group (exploration and production, energy procurement, energy sales, services, transmission France, storage France, LNG terminals, distribution France, transmission and distribution international, research and development); 6 - its 2006 financial data and financial summary.

  2. Progress report 2000 / 2001; Rapport d'activite 2000 / 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    The 2000-2001 period has seen many facts of importance for the EURATOM-Cea association. The first outstanding fact is the positive evolution of the ITER project because of both the willingness of the partners and the French proposition to the European Union to consider the Cadarache site as the European site. The second outstanding fact is both the installation on Tore-Supra of a new generation of plasma-facing component: the Ciel project and the launch of the Cimes project whose aim is to allow Tore-Supra to reach discharge up to 1000 s. The third outstanding fact is the continuation of experiments in Jet after 1999, end date of the Jet Joint Undertaking. These new provisions aim at maintaining in activity the spearhead of the European program, waiting for a clarification of the ITER situation. Among the results obtained in Jet operations, we can quote those having a direct influence on the ITER performances: - the beneficial effect of a high triangularity on the ELM (edge localized modes) and on the confinement factor at high density, - the real time control of advanced tokamak discharges at quasi steady state, and the theoretical explanation of the current hole (in lower hybrid advanced scenarios, a region with vanishing current density that appears in the plasma centre). (A.C.)

  3. Local Foods, Local Places Toolkit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toolkit to help communities that want to use local foods to spur revitalization. The toolkit gives step-by-step instructions to help communities plan and host a workshop and create an action plan to implement.

  4. Progress report 1998/1999; Rapport d'activite 1998/1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    Among the significant technological achievements of 1998-99, we will note in particular the manufacture of a lower hybrid antenna. This has large size and is shielded from the plasma by side protection incorporating the same technology that is used in the limiter of the CIEL project. This antenna was tested successfully in the autumn 1999; its capacity is 4 MW steady state. Substantial progress was achieved in testing the 118 GHz gyrotrons that are intended to deliver 400 kW with a pulse length of 210 seconds. Pulses lasting some 15.5 seconds were obtained on load during the summer 1999 and were limited only by the performance of the load and by out-gassing. At these pulse lengths, the parameters of the tube are already quasi-stationary. The tests will begin again in the Spring of 2000 with a more suitable load. The very first tests on plasma took place in the Autumn of 1999 showing a strong absorption of the waves by the plasma. Work in the field of the high frequency heating systems focused on problems of local power deposition close to the antenna. This problem is exacerbated, both at the lower hybrid and at the ion cyclotron frequencies, by the need to carry out long pulse discharges. Modelling the localised effects that have been observed contributes to the evolution of the design of both types of antenna and holds out the prospect of fully-validated solutions for the 'next step'. Using the technology developed for the CIEL project in the field of the high heat flux components also made it possible to implement side protections for the antennas that can withstand the temperature rise related to these local effects. Studies in various modes of heating or current drive were continued, in order to explore the corresponding scenarios but also to make progress in modelling the phenomena of wave propagation and absorption. In the field of ion cyclotron waves, the implementation of {sup 3}He minority heating made it possible to identify the conversion of

  5. Gaz de France annual report 2001; Gaz de France rapport annuel 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    One of Europe's leading gas utilities, the Gaz de France Group operates in all sectors of the natural gas industry, from exploration and production to energy distribution and services, to respond to customer demand efficiently and achieve sustained and profitable growth. To this end, the Group is organized in five lines of business: exploration and production, supply and trading, transmission, distribution and services. Active in 33 countries, the Gaz de France Group first targets growth in Europe, its natural environment. The opening of energy markets and its position at the center of Europe's gas grids offers the Group many opportunities in trading, transmission for third parties, distribution and services. Since August 10, 2000, Gaz de France has made it possible for other gas operators to access its transmission system. The Group capitalizes on its expertise at the global level as well, in emerging markets like Mexico and in fields in which it has recognized know-how, such as liquefied natural gas (LNG). To ensure this growth and pursue its penetration of European and world markets, the Gaz de France Group implements a policy of cooperation and partnership with other energy sector operators, demonstrates its well-developed ability to innovate and practices a customer-focused organization that offers competitive, tailored services to residential users, companies and local governments. The Group has chosen to pursue this growth through a strategy of sustainable development. By making natural gas more accessible and promoting its uses, Gaz de France integrates demand-side management of energy, fosters human development and ensures environmental protection in France, Europe and the world. This activity report presents: the corporate profile of the group, the international natural gas businesses, the financial highlights, the growth objectives of the group in all its businesses (exploration and production, supply and trading, transmission, distribution

  6. Locals Collection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Hastings-King

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A locals collection is a set of parameters that are used to delimit data-mining operations. This piece uses a collection of locals from around Essex Massachusetts to shape and delimit an interrogation of post-reality in contemporary America. It explores the notion of crisis, the possibility of a crisis of empire that may or may not emerge in a media-space that does not allow crisis of empire to be mentioned and relations this maybe-crisis to the various levels of economic dysfunction that have become evident since late 2008. But mostly this piece explores ways in which particular stories about particular people do and do not link/link to these larger-scale narratives. This is the first of a potential series of locals collections that will mine the American post-real.

  7. Desarrollo local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Palmitesta

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Tras explicar la génesis del concepto de desarrollo y a quien se le aplica la necesidad de desarrollarse, el autor de este ensayo hace un recorrido por las escuelas más representativas de pensamiento sobre el tema. A continuación, entra a reflexionar el concepto de lo local y de sociedad local y sus elementos. En la segunda parte, se analiza la Economía Local y se hace un intento de aplicar esta teoría a la realidad nicaragüense. En esta parte se examinan las diferentes formas empresariales más comunes en Nicaragua. Igualmente, se estudian las dificultades y ventajas de este tipo de empresas en un mundo globalizado y se plantean algunos posibles mecanismos para afrontar los problemas. El trabajo cierra con algunas breves conclusiones.

  8. “Let Me Tell You About My…” Provider Self-Disclosure in the Emergency Department Builds Patient Rapport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zink, Korie

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available As patients become increasingly involved in their medical care, physician-patient communication gains importance. A previous study showed that physician self-disclosure (SD of personal information by primary care providers decreased patient rating of the provider communication skills. The objective of this study was to explore the incidence and impact of emergency department (ED provider self-disclosure on patients’ rating of provider communication skills. A survey was administered to 520 adult patients or parents of pediatric patients in a large tertiary care ED during the summer of 2014. The instrument asked patients whether the provider self-disclosed and subsequently asked patients to rate providers’ communication skills. We compared patients’ ratings of communication measurements between encounters where self-disclosure occurred to those where it did not. Patients reported provider SD in 18.9% of interactions. Provider SD was associated with more positive patient perception of provider communication skills (p<0.05, more positive ratings of provider rapport (p<0.05 and higher satisfaction with provider communication (p<0.05. Patients who noted SD scored their providers’ communication skills as “excellent” (63.4% compared to patients without selfdisclosure (47.1%. Patients reported that they would like to hear about their providers’ experiences with a similar chief complaint (64.4% of patients, their providers’ education (49%, family (33%, personal life (21% or an injury/ailment unlike their own (18%. Patients responded that providers self-disclose to make patients comfortable/at ease and to build rapport. Provider self-disclosure in the ED is common and is associated with higher ratings of provider communication, rapport, and patient satisfaction. [West J Emerg Med. 2017;18(143-49.

  9. Radiological protection report 2009; Strahlenschutzbericht 2009/Rapport sur la radioprotection 2009/Radiological protection report 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-05-15

    years, facilities have reduced collective doses and average individual doses by a factor of two. The average individual exposure rate for personnel in nuclear facilities is now 0,6 mSv. This is significantly lower than both the maximum annual limit for persons exposed to radiation during their work and the average annual radon exposure rate of 1,6 mSv for the population in Switzerland as a whole. At the Beznau nuclear power plant, the highest individual dose was 37,8 mSv, which was significantly higher than the annual limit. At the nuclear power plants of Goesgen, Leibstadt and Muehleberg, the maximum individual dose was in each case less than 10 mSv. Exposure to higher doses was restricted to individual specialists working on components with high local dose rates and for whom it would not have been easy to replace with other personnel. Section B of the report contains information on the monitoring of environmental radioactivity in the vicinity of nuclear facilities. For this purpose, ENSI has established a network that automatically monitors dose rates in the vicinity of nuclear power plants and this network has been operating as a matter of routine for many years. The monitoring results are publicly available. Emissions from Swiss nuclear facilities are comparable with previous years and the maximum annual exposure rate for infants in the immediate vicinity of a nuclear facility was below 10 microsievert. ENSI monitors scientific and technological developments relating to the atmospheric dispersion of radioactive particles and introduces changes as appropriate. The CN-MET Project (Centrales Nucleaires et Meteorologie) was successfully completed in 2009 and so MeteoSwiss now provides high-quality meteorological information designed to improve the protection of the public in the event of an incident resulting in the release of radiation

  10. Simulation d'un marché de permis d'émission de CO2 dans le transport de marchandises. Rapport final

    OpenAIRE

    Raux, Charles; Alligier, Louis; Danau, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    164 p.; Rapport de recherche; Ce système comprend une autorité régulatrice et des acteurs qui interviennent sur un marché où s'échangent les quotas. Un quota est défini comme une autorisation d'émettre une tonne d'équivalent CO2.Les agents dépositaires des obligations sont les consommateurs finaux de carburant fossile, c'est-à-dire les transporteurs publics ainsi que les entreprises possédant ou louant des véhicules de transport pour effectuer du transport en compte propre. Pour toute quantit...

  11. Pourquoi un numéro consacré à la question du rapport entre langues, religion et modernité dans l’espace musulman ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Miller

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Travaillant depuis de longues années sur la situation sociolinguistique du monde arabe, nous avons voulu sortir de champs qui nous apparaissaient déjà bien explorés, comme par exemple celui des études sur les politiques linguistiques des États arabes ou celui du rapport entre langue et nationalisme qui commence à être mieux connu depuis que de nombreux travaux ont analysé et étudié le rôle de la langue dans les constructions nationales (pour ne citer que quelques références pour l’Europe et l...

  12. Diseño de una estrategia tipo rapport para el mejoramiento de la comunicación asertiva de adolescentes

    OpenAIRE

    Barrera Ibarra, Amparo del Carmen

    2015-01-01

    1. Introducción. --2. Planteamiento de la Propuesta de Trabajo. --3. Marco Teórico.--4. Metodología. --5. Resultados.-- En el presente trabajo de investigación, se diseña una estrategia tipo Rapport para adolescentes de 14 a 15 años, con el objetivo de desarrollar la comunicación asertiva. Procedimentalmente, la propuesta parte de un diagnóstico realizado en la Unidad Educativa Ambato y en plena coordinación con el Departamento de Consejería Estudiantil (DECE). Para el efecto se inicia con...

  13. Diantre, un homme dans les soins!: ou la vision de l'infirmière sur les rapports de séduction entre collègues

    OpenAIRE

    Gay, Marie; Cretton, Audrey; Kamerzin, Bernard

    2009-01-01

    Contexte: Cette recherche initiale de type exploratoire s’inscrit dans le cadre de l’obtention d’un Bachelor of Sciences en Soins Infirmiers. Elle est élaborée en collaboration avec une autre étudiante de même niveau. But : Cette recherche a pour but d’explorer les rapports entre infirmiers et infirmières en milieu psychiatrique, et plus particulièrement, les relations de séduction. Elle vise à l’analyse des conséquences de ce type de relation sur la dynamique d’équipe, sur la prise en soins ...

  14. Diantre, un homme dans les soins!: ou la vision de l'infirmiers sur les rapports de séduction entre collègues

    OpenAIRE

    Cretton, Audrey; Gay, Marie; Kamerzin, Bernard

    2009-01-01

    Contexte : Cette recherche initiale de type exploratoire s’inscrit dans le cadre de l’obtention d’un Bachelor of Sciences en Soins Infirmiers. Elle est élaborée en collaboration avec une autre étudiante de même niveau. But : Cette recherche a pour but d’explorer les rapports entre infirmiers et infirmières en milieu psychiatrique, et plus particulièrement les relations de séduction. Elle vise à l’analyse des conséquences de ce type de relation sur la dynamique d’équipe, sur la prise en soins ...

  15. Localized shocks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roberts, Daniel A. [Center for Theoretical Physics and Department of Physics,Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Stanford, Douglas [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics and Department of Physics,Stanford University, Stanford, CA (United States); School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study,Princeton, NJ (United States); Susskind, Leonard [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics and Department of Physics,Stanford University, Stanford, CA (United States)

    2015-03-10

    We study products of precursors of spatially local operators, W{sub x{sub n}}(t{sub n})…W{sub x{sub 1}}(t{sub 1}), where W{sub x}(t)=e{sup −iHt}W{sub x}e{sup iHt}. Using chaotic spin-chain numerics and gauge/gravity duality, we show that a single precursor fills a spatial region that grows linearly in t. In a lattice system, products of such operators can be represented using tensor networks. In gauge/gravity duality, they are related to Einstein-Rosen bridges supported by localized shock waves. We find a geometrical correspondence between these two descriptions, generalizing earlier work in the spatially homogeneous case.

  16. La prévention par le droit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aude Lejeune

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Dans l’objectif de garantir l’accès au droit et à la justice pour les publics dits « en difficulté », le ministère de la Justice français a créé un nouveau type de métier juridique de proximité : les agents de l’accès au droit. Cet article analyse les stratégies de division locale du travail d’information juridique entre les avocats et ces juristes de proximité ainsi que les redéfinitions des rapports entre le ministère de la Justice et les collectivités territoriales.Prevention by law. Territories and division of juridical work in FranceIn a way to promote access to justice and legal services for disadvantaged people, French Justice Department created a new kind of occupation: proximity lawyers. This article analyses how traditional lawyers and proximity lawyers negotiate the division of work, as well as how it reshapes relationships between national Justice Department and the states (collectivités territoriales.La prevención por el derecho. Territorios y división del trabajo jurídico en FranciaCon el objetivo de garantizar el acceso a la justicia y al derecho para los públicos desfavorecidos, el ministerio de la justicia en Francia creó un nuevo tipo de ocupación: los juristas de proximidad. Este artículo analiza las estrategias de división del trabajo de información jurídica entre los abogados y los juristas de proximidad, y también las redefiniciones de las relaciones entre el ministerio nacional de la Justicia y las colectividades autónomas (collectivités territoriales.

  17. Desarrollo rural vs. desarrollo local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez Moreno, M.ª Luisa

    2011-06-01

    sostenibilidad trazadas desde una perspectiva urbana. [fr] L’objet de c’article est la discussion de les concepts de développement rural, développement local selon les différents lignes que convergent en sa définition : l’épistémologie de la Géographie, les outils de planification fondes sur ces concepts et les processus matériels. Les résultats de ce discussion sont les suivants : La difficulté d’exprimer en indicateurs quantitatives les réussites de ces processus de développement, en raison de son caractère plus qualitative que quantitative ; l’ambiguë définition de sa échelle, et para rapport a ça, sa nature diffuse ou concentrée ; les limitations de l’extrapolation au développement rural du concept de « acteurs », propre du développement local ; la manque de coordination entre la planification économique et l’aménagement du territoire au détriment de une soutenibilite réel et, á l’inverse, les menaces pour l’espace rural dérivées de l’application de les politiques de soutenibilite tirées des une perspective urbaine.

  18. Localized shocks

    OpenAIRE

    Stanford, Douglas; Susskind, Leonard; Roberts, Daniel Adam

    2014-01-01

    We study products of precursors of spatially local operators, W[subscript xn](tn)⋅⋅⋅W[subscript x1](t[subscript 1]), where W [subscript x] (t) = e [superscript − iHt] W [subscript x] e [superscript iHt]. Using chaotic spin-chain numerics and gauge/gravity duality, we show that a single precursor fills a spatial region that grows linearly in t. In a lattice system, products of such operators can be represented using tensor networks. In gauge/gravity duality, they are related to Einstein-Rosen ...

  19. Spectrometre de masse a ionisation Penning selective: Elimination des corrections necessaires a la determination du rapport isotopique de l'hydrogene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Letarte, Sylvain

    Dans le but d'ameliorer la precision avec laquelle le rapport isotopique de l'hydrogene peut etre determine, un spectrometre de masse a ionisation Penning a ete construit pour provoquer l'ionisation selective de l'hydrogene moleculaire et de l'hydrure de deuterium a partir d'un melange gazeux. L'utilisation d'atomes dans des etats d'excitation metastable s'est averee une solution adequate pour reponde a cette attente. L'emploi de l'helium, a l'interieur d'une source d'atomes metastables construit specifiquement pour ce travail, ne permet pas d'obtenir un spectre de masse compose uniquement des deux molecules d'interet. L'ionisation de ces dernieres provient de deux processus distincts, soient l'ionisation Penning et l'ionisation par bombardement electronique. Contrairement a l'helium, il a ete demontre que le neon metastable est un candidat ideal pour produire l'ionisation selective de type Penning. Le nombre d'ions produits est directement proportionnel au courant de la decharge electrique et de la pression d'operation de la source d'atomes metastables. Ces resultats demontrent le potentiel d'un tel spectrometre de masse pour ameliorer la precision a laquelle le rapport isotopique peut etre determine comparativement aux autres techniques existantes.

  20. Formation à l’élaboration du rapport d’intervention : quelques réflexions sur la méthode pédagogique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Païn

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Une formation continue en matière de rédaction du rapport d’intervention  peut être dispensée au moyen d’une méthode pédagogique consistant, après l’apport d’éléments théoriques, en un exercice où les participants sont placés en situation du lecteur, et non pas de rédacteur. Ce renversement de perspective permet de prendre conscience du rôle communicationnel du rapport et d’améliorer les qualités de rédaction.After providing them with some theoretical references, training professionals in writing treatment reports can be better achieved by putting them in the position of the reader of the report instead of the writer. Such a change in perspective allows students to understand the communicative function of the report and improves significantly their writing abilities.

  1. Rapport social de service, client et valeur Service-based social relationships, customers and and value Vínculo social de servicio, cliente y valor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Zarifian

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte développe une double idée. La première est que l’on peut parler de « rapport social de service », au sens plein du concept de « rapport social », en en assumant toutes les implications et en le différenciant nettement de la notion de « relation de service ». La seconde, qui découle de la première, est que l’on peut parler de « composition » entre rapports sociaux différents, non réductibles l’un à l’autre. Nous montrons ainsi qu’il existe une composition entre rapport social de service et rapport capital-travail, et que c’est à partir d’elle que l’on peut comprendre en quoi consiste le travail salarié de production de service et situer le rôle des clients, dans une perspective différente de celle issue du concept de « relation de service ».The text develops two ideas. The first is that it is possible to talk about “service-based social relationships” using the full meaning of the concept of a “social relationship” and accepting all of its implications while continuing to differentiate it from the “service relationship” construct. The second, which stems from the first, is that it is possible to talk about a “composition” based on different social relationships that cannot be reduced to one another. By so doing, what becomes apparent is that a composition does exist between a service-based social relationship and the capital-labour nexus. This is instructive as regards service production employment and situates customers’ roles in a different framework than one grounded in a “service relationship” construct.En este texto se desarrolla una idea con dos aspectos. El primero es que se puede hablar de “vínculo social de servicio” en el sentido pleno del concepto de “relación social”, asumiendo todas las implicaciones de dicho concepto y diferenciándolo claramente de la noción de “relación de servicio”. El segundo aspecto, que se deriva del primero, es que

  2. Health | Page 5 | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    incidence que les rapports de pouvoir au sein des ménages et des collectivités ont sur ... la presque-totalité des pays d'Afrique ont adopté l'imposition directe de frais aux patients comme principal mode de financement de leur système de santé.

  3. Santé | Page 5 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    incidence que les rapports de pouvoir au sein des ménages et des collectivités ont sur ... la presque-totalité des pays d'Afrique ont adopté l'imposition directe de frais aux patients comme principal mode de financement de leur système de santé.

  4. Quels sont les liens entre l'eau et l'énergie au regard des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    approvisionnement en eau pourraient‑elles aider les collectivités pauvres des ... Ce rapport fait état des résultats du projet Eau et énergie propres – évaluation des services relatifs à l'adaptation aux changements climatiques, ...

  5. RAPPORTS DE CAS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    confirmé te diagnostic d'oncocytome rénal. L'évolution était favorable avec un recul de deux ans. DISCUSSION. L'oncocytome du rein est une tumeur bénigne? ... Le sex ratio est de 1.6 homme/ 1 femme? La forme familiale concerne 5% des oncocytomes rénaux? Les localisations bilatérales et multifocales demeurent ...

  6. Rapport financier trimestriel

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sophie Comeau

    30 juin 2011 ... Québec et indexées en fonction de l'inflation. Prestations de retraite – bureaux régionaux b. Le Centre et les employés des bureaux régionaux qui y sont admissibles cotisent à des régimes de retraite à cotisations déterminées, selon les modalités prévues pour ces régimes. Les cotisations du Centre à cet ...

  7. RAPPORTS DE CAS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    épithélial membrane ... rarement atteinte du fait de la toxicité de celle-ci sur le tube diges- tifz. Dans d'autres études, la présence de mar- ges microscopiques positives était liée au ris- ...

  8. RAPPORTS DE CAS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    niveau pelvien ainsi qu'en pré-rachidien et ad— hérait à l'os iliaque gauche. Une ponction à l'aiguille fine a ramené un liquide finement pig— menté dont la cytologie a .... Bar—Dayan Y, Fishman A, Levi Z, Rachmani R. Squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix with psoas abscess—like metastasis in an HlV-negative pa- tient.

  9. Architect & Client: Building Rapport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yearwood, Randall N.

    1984-01-01

    Provides guidelines to follow in drawing up a contract with a school architect. Once the architect has been selected, a clear definition of mutual expectations and schedules must be outlined and documented in the contract. (TE)

  10. Adaptation de collectivités africaines aux changements climatiques ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    supported researcher is receiving international attention for his work to address ... Linking African Researchers with Adaptation Policy Spaces. Poor understanding of policy processes tends to reduce the value of research results and the ability ...

  11. L’ANALYSE DU DISCOURS DE LA RESPONSABILITE SOCIALE DE L’ENTREPRISE A TRAVERS LES RAPPORTS ANNUELS DE DEVELOPPEMENT DURABLE D’ ENTREPRISES FRANÇAISES DU CAC 40

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques IGALENS

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Sous la pression des parties prenantes, le nombre de rapports dedéveloppement durable ne cesse d'augmenter. Jusqu'ici les méthodesd'analyse des informations qu'ils contiennent sont essentiellementcomptables. L'enjeu de ces rapports va au-delà des indicateurs chiffrésfournis par exemple par la GRI, Global Reporting Initiative. Il s'agit pour uneentreprise de légitimer son action et les conséquences de son action dansles domaines sociaux, environnementaux et societaux. La place tenue par lediscours dans ces rapports est essentielle et la méthode proposée dans cetarticle est ainsi celle de "l'analyse des discours" notamment en s'appuyantsur les caractéristiques de l'énonciation et sur celles des procédésrhétoriques. Ainsi apparaît que les entreprises ne se contentent pas de "faireun rapport" mais qu'elles essaient de construire un monde, un monde danslequel elles se présentent en héros positif, un monde dont elles définissentles règles.

  12. Approche globale des besoins en informations des collectivités locales dans le domaine de la gestion des déchets ménagers. Essai d'une analyse spatiale sur les villes de Grenoble, Vitry-Sur-Seine et de la Communauté d'Agglomération du Pays Voironnais

    OpenAIRE

    Perrin, Nicolas

    2004-01-01

    Thèse confinancée par l'ADEME (Agence du Développement de l'Environnement et de la Maîtrise de L'Energie)et Plastic Omnium Systèmes Urbains. Membres du jury: Pierre DUMOLARD, directeur de thèse (professeur à l'IGA), Maryse GUIGO, examinateur,(professeur à l'IGA), Robert LAURINI, rapporteur,(professeur à l'INSA), Etienne LE ROY, examinateur,(ingénieur à l'ADEME), Martine TABEAUD, rapporteur,(déléguée générale du Conseil national du recyclage) Sylviane OBERLE, examinateur.; Policy makers and wa...

  13. Les relations ports–collectivités locales au prisme des négociations sur les usages de l’espace portuaire : analyse comparée des processus de planification stratégique portuaire (Le Havre, Rotterdam et Rouen)

    OpenAIRE

    Marion Magnan; Maïté Verdol

    2014-01-01

    Les États européens ont développé de nouvelles méthodes de management public y compris au sein des territoires portuaires. Ceci a engagé des processus de réformes de la gouvernance des autorités portuaires. En conséquence, elles ont vu leurs statuts et missions modifiés. De nouveaux outils de gestion ont été mis à leur disposition, dont le projet stratégique. Ce mouvement intervient dans un contexte de remise en question des pratiques de planification portuaire et territoriale mettant en avan...

  14. Quantum Locality?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stapp, Henry

    2011-11-10

    vagaries that he cites do not upset the proof in question. It is show here in detail why the precise statement of this theorem justifies the specified application of CQT. It is also shown, in response to his challenge, why a putative proof of locality that he has proposed is not valid.

  15. Nouvelles migrations sud-américaines au Chili : Rapports de sexe, classe, et « race » en santé

    OpenAIRE

    Liberona, Nanette

    2012-01-01

    L’arrivée de nouveaux usagers immigrants sud-américains dans le système public de santé chilien a généré de nouvelles relations interethniques entre agents, administratifs et soignants, et soignés, ainsi qu’entre usagers nationaux et étrangers. Cette situation a provoqué des inégalités, des discriminations et des mauvais traitements cliniques auprès des immigrants. Cet article cherche à montrer le rôle des rapports sociaux de sexe, de classe et de « race » dans les différentes formes de trait...

  16. Mesures de procédure spéciales et respect des droits de l'homme
    Rapport général

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John A.E. Vervaele

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Le but du rapport général est de mener une analyse comparative des rapports nationaux en vue de présenter les processus de transformation des systèmes de justice pénale internes, en particulier du procès pénal, étant donné que des mesures procédurales spéciales sont introduites pour appréhender le terrorisme et la criminalité organisée, et de voir si cela a conduit les pays à se départir de leur propres règles fondamentales, procédures, principes et standards des droits de l’homme applicables. Partant de la prémisse qu’un système intégré de droit pénal a trois dimensions – la protection des individus (la dimension de bouclier, la mise à disposition d’instruments d’application de la loi (la dimension d’épée et les contrôles et équilibres c’est-à-dire la séparation des pouvoirs (la dimension constitutionnelle – le rapport fournit un aperçu d’ensemble des transformations corrélées, surtout dans la procédure d’enquête préliminaire, qui les ont affectées toutes les trois dans trois vagues de « guerre » (contre la drogue, le crime organisé et le terrorisme. Dans beaucoup de pays, les garanties procédurales et les principes qui protègent contre la violation du droit à un procès équitable sont considérés comme un fardeau du point de vue de l’efficacité de l’application de la loi à la criminalité grave. Ces réformes se sont traduites par une claire extension de l’état répressif et un estompement des distinctions classiques, et ne favorisent pas la primauté du droit. La focalisation sur la sécurité publique et les investigations contraignantes préventives sapent le système de justice pénale. Avec l’usage croissant du système de justice criminelle comme instrument de régulation du présent et/ou de l’avenir plutôt que de sanction d’un comportement passé, et un procès pénal dans lequel l’enquête préliminaire ne concerne pas la recherche de la v

  17. Cameroun: Comprendre le travail des enfants et l’emploi des jeunes - Rapport sur le travail des enfants et l’emploi des jeunes

    OpenAIRE

    UCW

    2012-01-01

    Surmonter le double défi du travail des enfants et de l’emploi des jeunes au Cameroun déterminera les progrès du pays vis-à-vis des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement. Les estimations présentées dans ce rapport indiquent qu’environ 1,7 millions d’enfants camerounais âgés de 6 à 14 ans, soit 40% de ce groupe d’âge, sont encore économiquement actifs. Parallèlement, près de la moitié des jeunes camerounais actifs sont sous-employés, et plus de neuf sur dix d’entre eux travaillent dans...

  18. De la position d'étudiant à la position d'enseignant : l'évolution du rapport à l'algèbre de professeurs stagiaires.

    OpenAIRE

    Lenfant, Agnès

    2002-01-01

    no abstract; Des problèmes posés par la formation initiale des enseignants de mathématiques à l'IUFM ont conduit l'auteur à s'intéresser à la constitution de pratiques professionnelles chez les professeurs débutants afin de déterminer quelles entrées, au niveau de la formation, seraient les mieux à même d'être efficaces. Pour ce faire, elle a choisi d'étudier comment se construit, chez des enseignants stagiaires de mathématiques, un rapport professionnel à un domaine précis : l'algèbre élémen...

  19. Surveillance after prostate cancer radiotherapy; Suivi apres la radiotherapie des cancers de la prostate: bases scientifiques, rapport cout-benefice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Supiot, S.; Rio, E.; Clement-Colmou, K. [Service de radiotherapie, institut de cancerologie de l' Ouest Rene-Gauducheau, boulevard Jacques-Monod, 44805 Nantes-Saint-Herblain (France); Bouchot, O.; Rigaud, J. [Service d' urologie, CHU Hotel-Dieu, place Alexis-Ricordeau, 44000 Nantes (France)

    2011-10-15

    Follow-up after prostate cancer radiotherapy aims at detecting local or metastatic relapse, as well as long-term toxicity, requiring adapted treatments. Several scientific societies have published guidelines including clinical, biological and imaging recommendations. More data suggest a role for aggressive salvage therapy in case of local failure following radiotherapy. An adequate follow-up is required for the sake of patients' safety, i.e. to a posteriori validate dose constraints and radiation technique in each radiotherapy department. (authors)

  20. Total Corporate social responsibility report 2004. Sharing our energy; TOTAL rapport societal and environnemental 2004. Notre energie en partage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-05-15

    This document presents the social and environmental activities of the group Total for the year 2004. It provides information on the ethical aspects of the governance, the industrial security, the environmental policy, the public health and the occupational safety, the social liability and the economical and social impact of the group activities in the local development, the contribution to the climatic change fight and the development of other energy sources. (A.L.B.)

  1. Local duality for 2-dimensional local ring

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    We prove a local duality for some schemes associated to a 2-dimensional complete local ring whose residue field is an -dimensional local field in the sense of Kato–Parshin. Our results generalize the Saito works in the case =0 and are applied to study the Bloch–Ogus complex for such rings in various cases.

  2. Etude comparative des formes de discours rapportés dans des contes des origines chez des scripteurs français et brésiliens (7–8 ans : premiers résultats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boré Catherine

    2015-01-01

    Les résultats montrent que, sur les trois productions, les élèves brésiliens écrivent des textes plus longs et qui comportent plus de discours rapporté que les élèves français, mais que l'écart en nombre de mots se resserre quand on n'envisage que les textes comportant du discours rapporté. Significativement, la troisième production à thème imposé marque une augmentation des discours rapportés dans les deux pays avec une similitude dans les constructions. Plus généralement, le lexique des verbes introducteurs est identique pour la moitié de ses occurrences. Ces résultats pointent de nombreuses questions liées aux priorités d'enseignement notamment de la grammaire dans la culture didactique des deux pays.

  3. Consolider la capacité locale d'adaptation aux changements ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le projet vise à consolider la capacité des collectivités des hautes terres centrales de la Bolivie à s'adapter aux répercussions des changements climatiques sur l'accès à l'eau en circonscrivant les solutions les plus viables. Pour améliorer la qualité des données disponibles sur les changements climatiques et leurs effets ...

  4. Structure, forme et substance dans la théorisation martinettienne de la langue : la problématique des rapports forme/substance comme obstacle épistémologique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toutain Anne-Gaëlle

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet article s’attache à l’examen de la distinction martinettienne entre forme et substance, afin d’en faire apparaître la nature d’obstacle épistémologique. Après un rapide examen de la critique martinettienne de Hjelmslev sur cette question des rapports entre forme et substance, qui permet d’opposer problématiques saussurienne –théorique, définitoire de la langue comme un fonctionnement dont son et sens, en tant que linguistiques, sont les effets – et structuraliste – problématique empirique de construction de la langue comme un existant formel –, il s’efforce ainsi de montrer le caractère contradictoire du fonctionnement de cette distinction dans l’élaboration martinettienne. Cette distinction détermine la construction d’une structure tout à la fois formelle et substantielle, et en réalité doublement déterminée, par la problématique des rapports forme/substance et par celle des rapports son/sens. La problématique des rapports son/sens détermine pour sa part la construction d’une structure orientée du son vers le sens, dont l’examen révèle l’asymétrie, asymétrie qui nous reconduit à la dualité de détermination de la construction martinettienne de la langue comme structure, et qui témoigne de l’insistance du problème de la théorisation du rapport son/sens. A cet égard, l’élaboration martinettienne apparaît tout à la fois radicalement différente de celle de Saussure, et significativement différente de celle de Hjelmslev, dont elle met en valeur le caractère de pendant objectal de la théorisation saussurienne de la langue, ainsi que d’autres élaborations structuralistes. Elle est ainsi tout particulièrement propre à faire apparaître la nécessité d’une réflexion sur la problématique de la linguistique contemporaine.

  5. VT Certified Local Governments

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Vermont established its Certified Local Government (CLG) program in 1985 to better help local governments integrate historic preservation concerns with planning and...

  6. Local food and tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boesen, Morten; Sundbo, Donna; Sundbo, Jon

    2017-01-01

    is on the actions and attitude logics of local food networks and tourism actors, and whether their respective logics fit as a factor to explain why or why not development of local food concepts lead to increased local tourism. Six local food networks and their collaboration with local tourism actors are studied......This article investigates the question: Why local food networks succeed or fail in collaborating with local tourism actors to create more tourism based on local food? The article focuses on entrepreneurial local food networks and their collaboration with local tourism actors. Emphasis......, which emphasises the community aspect (i.e. that both parties want to support the local community and brand it). The non-fitting logics that mostly hinder this are dominant market and industry logic, which emphasise egoistic economic gain....

  7. Sharing our energies. Corporate social responsibility report 2005; Notre energie en partage. Rapport societal et environnemental 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-05-15

    Total is a multinational energy company, the fourth largest publicly-traded integrated oil and gas company in the world. Total worldwide operations are conducted through three business segments: Upstream includes oil and gas Exploration and Production, Gas and Power and other energy sources. Downstream covers Trading and Shipping,Refining and the Marketing of TOTAL and Elf brand petroleum products, automotive and other fuels, and specialties such as LPG, aviation fuel and lubricants, through both the retail network and other outlets worldwide. Chemicals comprises various activities including Base chemicals (Petrochemicals and Fertilizers) and Specialties for industry and the consumer market. This corporate social responsibility report presents the Group activity for the year 2005 in the following domains: the business principles, the environment safety and health, the social responsibility and the local development, the future of energy (fossil fuels, renewable energies and towards energy vectors). (A.L.B.)

  8. Locally orderless registration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Darkner, Sune; Sporring, Jon

    2013-01-01

    approach is based on local intensity histograms and built upon the technique of Locally Orderless Images. Histograms by Locally Orderless Images are well posed and offer explicit control over the 3 inherent and unavoidable scales: the spatial resolution, intensity levels, and spatial extent of local...

  9. Localized products in France: definition, protection and value-adding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Bérard

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available La notion de production localisée recouvre une réalité particulièrement importante en France, à la fois sur le terrain, à travers la grande diversité des produits, et dans l’imaginaire des Français. Les dispositifs de valorisation dont ces produits peuvent bénéficier renforcent l’intérêt porté à certains d’entre eux. Dans un tel contexte, il importe de mieux comprendre ce qui fait leur spécificité, d’approfondir certaines notions, de mettre l’accent sur ce qui les différencie réellement. Ce sont les critères d’ordre culturel associant un lieu à une histoire et à un groupe social qui permettent d’organiser et de penser cette famille foisonnante et polymorphe.En marge des demandes formelles de protection de l’indication géographique, de nombreuses initiatives contribuent à valoriser les productions locales. Elles sont le fait d'acteurs issus d'horizon divers, dans le cadre d'actions coordonnées, sans être réellement formalisées.Tous les pays n’ont pas le même rapport au lieu. L’inscription d’un produit dans un territoire est le fruit d’un ensemble de critères au poids plus ou moins important selon l’histoire économique et sociale du pays, sa culture, les rapports de force locaux, le milieu naturel.The concept of local production is a particular reality in France, both in the field itself, home to a huge variety of such products, and in the imagination of the French people. Regional products, terroir products, local, traditional and free-range products... There are countless terms to define this uniquely varied family that is thought to add meaning and promote attachment and as such, much coveted. The protection measures now in place make some of these products seem particularly interesting. Within such a context, what matters is to understand what makes local products special, exploring certain concepts, emphasizing what really makes them different and trying to make sense of their profusion

  10. Local duality for 2-dimensional local ring

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    dimensional complete local ring whose residue field is an n-dimensional local field in the sense of. Kato–Parshin. Our results generalize the Saito works in the case n = 0 and are applied to study the Bloch–Ogus complex for such rings in various cases.

  11. carcinomes nasopharynges localement avances locally advanced ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    East Asia and North Africa. The prognosis remains poor for locally advanced stages (IIB -IVB), more than one third of cases presented locally recurrent and ..... Lee A.W.M, Poon Y.F, Foo W et al. Retrospective analysis of 5 037 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated during 1976-85: ove- rall survival and patterns of ...

  12. Defining local food

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Safania Normann

    2013-01-01

    Despite evolving local food research, there is no consistent definition of “local food.” Various understandings are utilized, which have resulted in a diverse landscape of meaning. The main purpose of this paper is to examine how researchers within the local food systems literature define local...... food, and how these definitions can be used as a starting point to identify a new taxonomy of local food based on three domains of proximity....

  13. À propos du regard éloigné de l’ethnographe ou les rapports entre la théorie et l’observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucien Scubla

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available À propos du regard éloigné de l’ethnographe ou les rapports entre la théorie et l’observation. « Il faut se laisser porter par le terrain, ne pas avoir d’idées préconçues », recommande-t-on souvent aux étudiants et aux jeunes chercheurs. Nous nous proposons de soutenir et d’illustrer la thèse inverse : c’est l’idée préconçue, l’hypothèse ou le corps d’hypothèses, en un mot la théorie, qui rend possible l’observation.Cette thèse n’est pas originale. Familière aux historiens des sciences de la nature, elle a été brillamment défendue par Hocart, en anthropologie. Elle conduit à préconiser un usage systématique de la méthode comparative. Nous l’illustrerons par quelques observations personnelles de rites chrétiens et républicains.On the ethnographer’s view from afar or the relationship between theory and observation. “Let the field be your guide; leave behind any preconceived ideas”: such is the advice often given to students and young researchers. We propose to defend and illustrate the opposite thesis: the preconceived idea, hypothesis or set of hypotheses — in short, theory — is what makes observation possible.This thesis is not original. Familiar to historians of the natural sciences, it was brilliantly defended by Hocart in anthropology. It entails making systematic use of the comparative method. Here we will demonstrate its relevance for the study of Christian and republican myths and rituals.

  14. Locally analytic vectors in representations of locally

    CERN Document Server

    Emerton, Matthew J

    2017-01-01

    The goal of this memoir is to provide the foundations for the locally analytic representation theory that is required in three of the author's other papers on this topic. In the course of writing those papers the author found it useful to adopt a particular point of view on locally analytic representation theory: namely, regarding a locally analytic representation as being the inductive limit of its subspaces of analytic vectors (of various "radii of analyticity"). The author uses the analysis of these subspaces as one of the basic tools in his study of such representations. Thus in this memoir he presents a development of locally analytic representation theory built around this point of view. The author has made a deliberate effort to keep the exposition reasonably self-contained and hopes that this will be of some benefit to the reader.

  15. How local is the local field potential?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kajikawa, Yoshinao; Schroeder, Charles E

    2011-12-08

    Local field potentials (LFPs) are of growing importance in neurophysiological investigations. LFPs supplement action potential recordings by indexing activity relevant to EEG, magnetoencephalographic, and hemodynamic (fMRI) signals. Recent reports suggest that LFPs reflect activity within very small domains of several hundred micrometers. We examined this conclusion by comparing LFP, current source density (CSD), and multiunit activity (MUA) signals in macaque auditory cortex. Estimated by frequency tuning bandwidths, these signals' "listening areas" differ systematically with an order of MUA local contributions. Direct measurements indicate passive spread of LFPs to sites more than a centimeter from their origins. These findings appear to be independent of the frequency content of the LFP. Our results challenge the idea that LFP recordings typically integrate over extremely circumscribed local domains. Rather, LFPs appear as a mixture of local potentials with "volume conducted" potentials from distant sites. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. A.C.R.O. activity report 2002; A.C.R.O. rapport d'activite 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    control organisation, with the Minister of health international colloquium on the risk management, S.F.R.P. congress on radiation protection, university colloquium on risk management, S.F.R.P. congress on carbon 14, S.F.R.P. congress I.R.P.A. european congress on radiation protection presentation of the working group in radiation protection, S.F.R.P. congress on evaluation and surveillance of radioactive releases of nuclear installations, european commission stake holders conference on approaches to the management of environmental radioactivity, ethical lesson and society at the national school of the Departments of civil engineering, think tank and working groups, participation to the local commission of information (C.L.I.) and in its regular publication 'the nuclear chronicle', participation to the superior council of nuclear safety and information (C.S.S.I.N.); about the environmental surveillance two environments are the object of a regular follow-up: the plateau of La Hague (reprocessing plant and Manche plant where are treated and stored radioactive waste), Touraine area where is situated the nuclear power plant of Chinon; Radio ecological follow through of the aquatic environment both continental and marine of the sea-coast of Normandy from 2001 to 2003; Radio ecological monitoring of the environment of the Cogema la Hague building site in the Moulinets cove; measurements of radon; inventory of the tritium levels in the drinking water of the Manche department; radiation monitoring of the effluents released by the hospitals in the town of Caen. (N.C.)

  17. Clarifying local integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Meyer

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Ana Low’s article in FMR 251 highlights the need to reexamineand re-invigorate debate on local integration as adurable solution for refugees. However, the Self-RelianceStrategy (SRS in Uganda which she describes does notprovide an adequate model of local integration as adurable solution – in fact, local integration is not its aim.

  18. Bilan des travaux sur la circulation migratoire : Rapport final, commandé par le Ministère de la Solidarité et de l'Emploi, Direction de la Population et des Migrations (DPM)

    OpenAIRE

    Ma Mung, Emmanuel; Doraï, Mohamed Kamel; Hily, Marie-Antoinette; Loyer, Frantz

    1998-01-01

    Rapport de recherche; Etude menée en 1997 à la demande de la DPM, portant sur le concept et la pratique effective de la circulation migratoire. S'appuyant sur une recension des travaux existants et une typologie des modes de circulation migratoire, elle met en relief l'importance croissante des diasporas, des réseaux et filières d'immigration. Par ailleurs, elle teste l'hypothèse selon laquelle le concept de circulation migratoire permet de mieux rendre compte des tendances actuelles des migr...

  19. Un autre rapport entre recherche, pratique et formation. Les instruments didactiques comme vecteur de transformation des pratiques des enseignants confrontés aux difficultés d'apprentissage des élèves

    OpenAIRE

    Goigoux, Roland; Cèbe, Sylvie

    2009-01-01

    Les communications présentées lors du colloque du réseau international de Recherche en éducation et formation confortent celles du rapport Prost de 2001 : les résultats des recherches ne semblent avoir qu'une faible influence sur les pratiques des enseignants. Ce constat nous amène à nous interroger sur les obstacles qui empêchent les nouveaux savoirs disponibles d'irriguer les pratiques et sur les conditions à satisfaire pour les surmonter. Nous le ferons en étudiant d'abord comment les cher...

  20. Determination of local boiling in light water reactors by correlation of the neutron noise; Determination de l'ebullition locale dans les reacteurs a eau legere par correlation du bruit neutronique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zwingelstein, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-07-01

    The power limit of swimming-pool type reactors depends on the phenomenon of the appearance of burn-out. In order to determine this limit we have attempted to detect the local boiling which usually occurs before the burn out. Local boiling has been simulated by an electrically heated plate placed in the core of the reactor Siloette. The study of local boiling, which is based on the properties of the correlation functions for the neutron noise of detectors placed in the core, shows that a privileged frequency occurs in the power spectrum of the noise. It is intended in the future to determine the influence of various parameters on this characteristic frequency. (author) [French] La limitation de la puissance des reacteurs nucleaires de type piscine est due au phenomene d'apparition de 'burn out'. Pour determiner cette limitation, nous nous sommes proposes dans ce rapport de detecter l'ebullition locale qui apparait generalement avant le 'burn out'. L'ebullition locale a ete simulee par une plaque chauffee electriquement et placee dans le coeur du reacteur SILOETTE. L'etude de l'ebullition locale, qui est basee sur les proprietes des fonctions de correlation du bruit neutronique de detecteurs places clans le coeur, fait apparaitre une frequence privilegiee dans le spectre de puissance du bruit. On envisage dans l'avenir, de determiner l'influence des divers parametres sur cette frequence caracteristique. (auteur)

  1. Disorder-Free Localization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, A.; Knolle, J.; Kovrizhin, D. L.; Moessner, R.

    2017-06-01

    The venerable phenomena of Anderson localization, along with the much more recent many-body localization, both depend crucially on the presence of disorder. The latter enters either in the form of quenched disorder in the parameters of the Hamiltonian, or through a special choice of a disordered initial state. Here, we present a model with localization arising in a very simple, completely translationally invariant quantum model, with only local interactions between spins and fermions. By identifying an extensive set of conserved quantities, we show that the system generates purely dynamically its own disorder, which gives rise to localization of fermionic degrees of freedom. Our work gives an answer to a decades old question whether quenched disorder is a necessary condition for localization. It also offers new insights into the physics of many-body localization, lattice gauge theories, and quantum disentangled liquids.

  2. Modalités institutionnelles pour faire des partenariats de recherche ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La pratique de la recherche communautaire, qui consiste à mener localement des travaux pertinents pour les collectivités, a évolué au cours des 35 dernières années. Les membres des collectivités et les chercheurs collaborent à des projets de recherche dont les résultats éclairent la prise de décisions locales susceptibles ...

  3. Job Satisfaction and Work Performance of Public Secondary School Teachers In Akoko North West Local Government Area Of Ondo State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aroge Stephen Talabi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The study examined the relationship between job satisfaction and work performance of secondary school teachers in Akoko North West Local Government Area of Ondo-State, Nigeria. The study population consisted of all secondary school teachers, while two hundred of them were randomly selected for the study. Regular payment of salary, opportunities for promotion, rapport with school authority, in-service training, job security, career prospect and retirement benefits were the variables considered. The questionnaire titled “Workers Opinion Survey Inventory (WOSI” and the Productivity Rating Scale (PRS which was in line with Annual Performance Evaluation Report (APPER was used to obtain information for the study. The data was analyzed using Pearson Product Correlation Moment.  One of the recommendations made include the onward review of policies, remuneration and work conditions of teachers in the public secondary schools in Nigeria for optimum productivity.

  4. Local energy policies: Planning devices and coaching tools - Example of the French case; Politiques energetiques locales: Dispositifs de planification et outils d'accompagnement - Exemple du cas francais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chanard, Camille; de Sede-Marceau, Marie-Helene

    2010-09-15

    Collectivities traditionally have multiple responsibilities linked to energy. They act directly on the energy chain (production-distribution-consumption) through their heritage, but also on the tripych space-environment-society, in particular through their planning choices. Hence, all the public policies are concerned by the energy theme. However, collectivities seem to suffer from an information deficit, both on planning devices that can be mobilized and on the territory features. This article proposes to realise an overview tour of the coaching tools that can be used by the French territories collectivities to build efficient energy policies. [French] Les collectivites ont traditionnellement des responsabilites multiples en lien avec l'energie. Elles agissent directement sur la chaine energetique (production-distribution-consommation) a travers leur patrimoine, mais aussi sur le triptyque espace-environnement-societe, en particulier a travers leurs choix d'amenagement. Ainsi, toutes les politiques publiques sont concernees par la thematique ' energie '. Cependant, les collectivites semblent souffrir d'un deficit d'information, tant sur les dispositifs de planification pouvant etre mobilises que sur les caracteristiques du territoire. Cet article propose de realiser un tour d'horizon de l'ensemble des outils d'accompagnements pouvant etre mobilises par les collectivites territoriales francaises pour construire des politiques energetiques efficaces.

  5. Awareness of households to the development of wind energy sites - Reporting on a survey; Receptivite des menages au developpement des sites eoliens. Rapport d'enquete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voisard, M.

    2000-07-01

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy presents in tables and diagrams the results of a survey involving 421 households in Switzerland, about their awareness to energy issues and, in particular, to all what regards wind energy and wind power plants. Globally, 80% of the persons asked for their opinion believe that electric power demand will continue to increase. 66% of them are in favour of increased use of renewable energy sources and would consequently agree with a 10% more expensive end-user energy price. 89% of the persons taking part to the survey approve the installation of wind energy farms in Switzerland. Moreover, statistics indicates that the households living in regions already equipped with wind farms are significantly more favorable to the creation of new wind energy sites than those not living in these regions. By the end of the day, it turns out that the main reasons for accepting wind energy are environmental concerns as well as the fear of being obliged to use nuclear power. [French] Ce rapport presente par des graphiques et des tableaux le resultat d'un sondage d'opinion aupres de 421 menages en Suisse, sur la sensibilite du public aux problemes de l'energie et plus particulierement sur sa perception de tout ce qui concerne l'energie du vent et son exploitation par l'implantation d'eoliennes. Globalement, 80% des menages pensent que la demande d'energie electrique va poursuivre sa croissance. 66% d'entre eux sont favorables au developpement des energies renouvelables et prets a accepter en consequence une augmentation du prix de l'energie allant jusqu'a 10%. 89% des personnes interrogees sont favorables au developpement des eoliennes en Suisse. De plus, la statistique montre de maniere significative que les menages des regions dans lesquelles sont deja implantes des sites eoliens sont plus favorables au developpement des eoliennes que les autres. Finalement, le respect de l

  6. More with thermal energy storage. Report 8. Autonomous heating. Autonomous development of ground temperature. Final report; Meer met bodemenergie. Rapport 8. Autonome opwarming. Autonome ontwikkeling bodemtemperatuur. Eindrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drijver, B. [IF Technology, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2012-03-30

    verwezenlijken door slimme combinaties te maken? Het project is ingericht met verschillende werkpakketten. In werkpakket 2 worden de effecten van individuele en collectieve bodemenergiesystemen op de ondergrond en de omgeving onderzocht, in werkpakket 3 worden de kansen voor bodemenergie en bodemsanering onderzocht en in werkpakket 4 worden nieuwe duurzame combinaties van KWO met andere functies verkend. Werkpakket 1 is het overkoepelende deel waarin communicatie, beleid en participatie van deelnemers van MMB centraal staat. Dit rapport bevat een analyse van de omvang van de thermische invloed van klimaatverandering en verstedelijking op de bodemtemperatuur. Aandacht is besteed aan de autonome opwarming van de ondergrond onderzocht die is opgetreden sinds 1900 en die in de periode tot 2040 nog mag worden verwacht. Hierbij is onderscheid gemaakt tussen landelijk gebied, waar alleen de klimaatverandering een rol speelt, en stedelijk gebied, waar ook het UHI-effect (Urban Heat Island) van belang is.

  7. Aging in Sweden: local variation, local control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davey, Adam; Malmberg, Bo; Sundström, Gerdt

    2014-08-01

    Aging in Sweden has been uniquely shaped by its history-most notably the long tradition of locally controlled services for older adults. We considered how local variations and local control shape the experience of aging in Sweden and organized the paper into 3 sections. First, we examine aging in Sweden along demography, economy, and housing. Next, we trace the origins and development of the Swedish welfare state to consider formal supports (service provision) and informal supports (caregiving and receipt of care). Finally, we direct researchers to additional data resources for understanding aging in Sweden in greater depth. Sweden was one of the first countries to experience rapid population aging. Quality of life for a majority of older Swedes is high. Local control permits a flexible and adaptive set of services and programs, where emphasis is placed on improving the quality and targeting of services that have already reached a plateau as a function of population and expenditures. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  8. La construction conjointe d’aspects du « vivant » à l’école ; une compréhension éclairée par les rapports aux saviors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pautal Éliane

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La recherche présentée interroge le curriculum « en train de se faire » relativement à la coconstruction de connaissances, d’attitudes et de valeurs liées au « vivant », en fonction de la familiarité qu’ont les élèves et le professeur avec certains aspects de ce concept. Pour produire ces explications, nous mobilisons la théorie de l’action conjointe en didactique, croisée avec la notion de rapport aux savoirs qui permet d’être attentif au sens et à la valeur que les acteurs accordent aux savoirs biologiques. L’étude de cas que nous rapportons sollicite une méthodologie mettant en correspondance diverses données issues des séances filmées dans la classe et d’entretiens menés avec le professeur et des élèves. Les résultats indiquent comment les ressources didactiques disponibles, leur agencement et les manières de les mettre en scène conduisent à privilégier certains aspects du «vivant » qui peuvent engager les élèves durablement dans une forme de rapport au « vivant », aux sciences et aux pratiques scientifiques.

  9. [Local anaesthesia in ruminants].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuss, Karl; Schwarz, Andrea; Ringer, Simone

    2017-06-20

    The use of local anaesthesia in ruminants allows many surgical procedures to be conducted free of pain, efficiently and inexpensively in the field. Local anaesthesia combined with sedation and immobilisation of the animal can replace general anaesthesia for many procedures (e. g. castration, claw amputation). The level of difficulty differs among various local anaesthetic techniques: local infiltration of tissue or anaesthesia of the cornual nerve are easily performed, whereas local anaesthesia of the eye, regional anaesthesia in limbs or anaesthesia for umbilical surgery are more difficult to carry out. This article presents an illustrated overview of the most common local anaesthetic procedures in cattle as well as in small ruminants and serves as a practical guide for veterinarians in the field. In principle, these techniques can likewise be applied in other ruminants or artiodactyls.

  10. Local Worlds of Activation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsson, Kerstin; Hollertz, Katarina; Garsten, Christina

    2017-01-01

    . This article studies local activation policy and practice in three Swedish municipalities, representing three distinct ‘local worlds of activation’. The analysis shows that policy orientations in the municipalities studied ranged from ‘work-first’ to ‘life-first’ approaches to activation. Governance...... of Coordination Unions, as multi-party collaborate organisational structures established for activation policy implementation for certain target groups. Thus, activation must be approached not as a fixed and universal policy for social inclusion, but as susceptible to local practice and hence open to influence...... from local politics, established local traditions, patterns of networking and modes of collaborating, as the notion of ‘local words of activation’ intends to capture....

  11. Local Social Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Sapuppo, Antonio; Sørensen, Lene Tolstrup

    2011-01-01

    Online social networks have become essential for many users in their daily communication. Through a combination of the online social networks with opportunistic networks, a new concept arises: Local Social Networks. The target of local social networks is to promote social networking benefits in physical environment in order to leverage personal affinities in the users' surroundings. The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss the concept of local social networks as a new social commun...

  12. Local Social Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sapuppo, Antonio; Sørensen, Lene Tolstrup

    2011-01-01

    in physical environment in order to leverage personal affinities in the users' surroundings. The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss the concept of local social networks as a new social communication system. Particularly, the preliminary architecture and the prototype of local social networks......Online social networks have become essential for many users in their daily communication. Through a combination of the online social networks with opportunistic networks, a new concept arises: Local Social Networks. The target of local social networks is to promote social networking benefits...

  13. Local Democracy in Myanmar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kyed, Helene Maria; Harrisson, Annika Pohl; McCarthy, Gerard

    local elections of village tract and urban ward administrators and reflects on the future of local democracy and decentralization in Myanmar. Local administrators are the primary point of contact between the state and citizens. How they are elected and how they govern in the everyday are essential....... However, often overlooked in this larger picture of transition is the state of local democracy, including village level governance and everyday state-citizen engagements. Political changes at this level are equally crucial for the wider democratization process. This roundtable summary discusses the 2016...

  14. Promouvoir la Bonne Gouvernance des Entités Territoriales Décentralisés et Provinciales : Atelier d'écriture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klaver, D.C.

    2010-01-01

    Sur la base des expériences vécues, ce rapport décrit les stratégies les plus prometteuses pour promouvoir la bonne gouvernance au niveau des Provinces et des Collectivités Territoriales en République Démocratique du Congo. Il est le résultat d’un atelier qui s’est tenu à Bukavu en décembre 2009

  15. Rapport annuel 2016-2017

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 janv. 2018 ... contexte des changements climatiques, utilisé la modélisation mathématique pour aider l'industrie à transformer les déchets en énergie, et conçu des modèles permettant de comprendre les schémas de propagation des maladies infectieuses dans le contexte du réchauffement climatique qui prolonge les.

  16. Rapport. Play and Learn Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Maria Neumann; Søgaard, Karoline

    Erfaringer og anbefalinger fra innovationsprojektet Play and Learn, hvor pædagoger har arbejdet med sprogstimulering af børn fra 3-9 år. Legende læring i daglige rutiner og pædagogiske aktiviteter har været fokuspunktet.......Erfaringer og anbefalinger fra innovationsprojektet Play and Learn, hvor pædagoger har arbejdet med sprogstimulering af børn fra 3-9 år. Legende læring i daglige rutiner og pædagogiske aktiviteter har været fokuspunktet....

  17. rapport sur l'atelier

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Joseph E. Diop

    26 nov. 2015 ... foncière dans des contextes de pluralisme juridique; (ii) compréhension des effets différentiels des acquisitions des terres à ... notamment le cadre institutionnel et légal, mais également les réponses politiques apportées aux ATGE. Il faut .... démocratie foncière exige la participation des communautés.

  18. Segnalazioni/Informes/Rapports/Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuele Monegato

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Ana Forcinito, Los umbrales del testimonio. Entre narraciones de los sobrevivientes y las señas de la posdictadura, Madrid/Frankfurt am Main, Iberoamericana/Vervuert, 2012, 179 pp. ISBN 978-84-8489-696-8 Andrea Pezzè e Loris Tassi (eds., Cinema e Letteratura in ambito iberico e iberoamericano: Giornata di Studi in omaggio al Prof. Vito Galeota, Salerno, Edizioni Arcoiris, 2010, 146 pp. ISBN 978-88-96583-19-7 Chris Cleave, Gold, London, Sceptre, 2012, 366 pp. ISBN 978-0-340-96344-9 Chris Cook (ed., The Routledge Guide to European Political Archives. Sources Since 1945 , London, Routledge, 2011, 480 pp. ISBN 078-0-415-46475-8 Cristina Giorcelli ed Ettore Finazzi-Agró (eds., Metamorfosi. Continuità e discontinuità nelle Culture Americane, Napoli, Loffredo Editore, 2011, 428 pp. ISBN 978-8-87564-550-2 Daniel Mesa Gancedo (ed., Novísima Relación. Narrativa amerispánica actual. Estudio, selección y materiales complementarios, Zaragoza, Letra Última, 2012, 343 pp. ISBN 978-84-9911-185-8 Darío Jaramillo Agudelo (ed., Antología de crónica latinoamericana actual, Madrid, Alfaguara, 2012, 650 pp. ISBN 978-84-204-0895-8 Edilberto Jiménez Quispe, Chungui. Violencia y trazos de memoria, Lima, IEP, COMISEDH, DED-ZFD, 2009, 417 pp. ISBN 978-9972-51-248-3 Ester Gendusa, Asimmetrie di genere e di razza in The Grass is Singing di Doris Lessing, Roma, Aracne Editrice, 2011, 204pp. ISBN 978-88-548-3898-7 Janett Reinstädler, ed., Escribir después de la dictadura. La producción literaria y cultural en las posdictaduras de Europa e Hispanoamérica, Madrid/Frankfurt am Main, Iberoamericana/Vervuert, 2011, 372 pp. ISBN 978-84-8489-619-7 John Aberth, An Environmental History of the Middle Ages. The War for Nature, London, Routledge, 2011, 192 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-77946-3 John Stevenson (ed., English Historical Documents. 1914-1957, London, Routledge, 2012, 928 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-47603-4 Jorge Carrión (ed., Mejor que ficción. Crónicas ejemplares, Barcelona, Anagrama, 2012, 434 pp. ISBN 978-84-339-2597-8 José “Cheche” Campos Dávila, Ajum decía mi abuela , Lima, Editorial San Marcos, 2011, 199 pp. ISBN 978-612-302-676-9 Joseph Gelfer (ed., 2012 Decoding the Countercultural Apocalypse, Oakville and Sheffield, Equinox Publishing Ltd, 2011, 203 pp ISBN 978-1-84553-639-8 Juan Pablo Sutherland, Cielo dandi. Escrituras y poéticas de estilo en América latina, Buenos Aires, Eterna Cadencia, 2011, 284 pp. ISBN 978-987-1673-46-9 Luigi Cimmino, Daniele Dottorini, Giorgio Pangaro, Dal cuore di tenebra all'Apocalisse. Francis Ford Coppola legge Joseph Conrad, Soveria Mannelli, Rubbettino Editore, 2011, 205 pp. ISBN 978-884-982-907-5 Mariacristina Cavecchi, Cerchi e cicli: sulle forme della memoria in Ulisse, Piccola Biblioteca Joyciana, Roma, Bulzoni, 2012, 96 pp. ISBN 978-88-7870-723-8 Mauro Giori (ed., Poetica e prassi della trasgressione in Luchino Visconti. 1935-1962 , Milano, Lampi di stampa, 2011, 346 pp. ISBN 978-88-488-1277-1 Michela Bassanelli e Gennaro Postiglione (eds., The Atlantikwall As Military Archeological Landscape / L’Atlantikwall come paesaggio di archeologia militare , Siracusa, LetteraVentidue, 2011, 207 pp. ISBN 978-88-6242-041-9 Neil Campbell e Alasdair Kean (eds., American Cultural Studies. An Introduction to American Culture , London, Routledge, 2011, 376 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-59871-2 Silvia Antosa (ed., Queer Crossings. Theories, Bodies, Texts , Milano Mimesis, 2012, 195 pp. ISBN 978-885-750-939-6 Silvia Antosa, Crossing Boundaries: Bodily Paradigms in Jeanette Winterson's Fiction . 1985-2000 , Roma, Aracne, 2008, 224 pp. ISBN 978-885-481-682-4 Silvia Gianni, Tendenze della critica letteraria e narrativa centroamericana degli ultimi anni , Roma, Aracne editrice, 2011, 361 pp. ISBN 978-88-548-4027-0 Silvia Ross, Tuscan Spaces. Literary Contstructions of Place, Toronto/Buffalo/London, University of Toronto Press, 2010, 224 pp. ISBN 978-1-4426-3998-0 Valentina Agostinis, Londra chiama. Otto scrittori raccontano la loro metropoli, Milano, Il Saggiatore, 2010, 219 pp. ISBN 978-884-281-612-6 Zuleica Romay Guerra, Elogio de la altea o las paradojas de la racialidad, L’Avana , Fondo Editorial Casa de las Américas, 2012, 307 pp. ISBN 978-959-260-371-4

  19. Sclerodermie : Rapport de Quatre Cas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Mohagheghi

    1957-01-01

    Full Text Available Four cases of sclerodermia have been reported durintwo months. Sclerodermia which seems to he hardness of the skin is actually a general affection that first appears on the skin and has various types: edematous, sclerema for children, and then the forms of patches or drops or bands Or annulars. It is sor t of connective tissue affection and is chiefly observed in women and as the reason for it, is thought to be due to the acute infections and chronic toxics in theory dysendocryno- sympathic that eventually is caused by nervous- mental disturbances and shocks."nThree of the pa t ients were adults and one of them was a 60 years old man. Clinical symptoms were common in all three persons and as a usual it began from the fingers and then it appeared in the face, but in the man it was different and the disease began first from the chest and abdomen and buttucks parts, and although the duration of the illness was more than few months it had not yet affected the limbs. After sometime it affects the muscles and bones and in a few years it expands so that causes a general weakness and eventually results in death."nThe treatment is tern porary and differs comparatively in different cases. Vitamin E given with large dosage, Vitamin D2 to keep calcium from running. Bismuth, Penicilline with large dosage and tetracycline given continuously, and at last cortisone and A.C. which have temporary and rapid results

  20. Segnalazioni/Informes/Rapports/Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuele Monegato

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available di Elisa Cairati, Paolo Caponi, Emanuele Monegato, Anna Pasolini   Amy Stewart, Wicked Plants, London, Timber Press, 2010, 236 pp. ISBN 978-160-469-127-6 Andrea Corrado e Igor Mariottini, Cinema e autori sulle tracce delle migrazioni, Roma, Ediesse, 2013, 155 pp. ISBN 978-882-301-625-5 Carlos Busqued, Sotto questo sole tremendo, Roma, Atmosphere libri, 2012, 141 pp. ISBN 978-88-6564-032-6 Doménico Chiappe, Tan real como la ficción (Herramientas narrativas en periodismo, Barcelona, Editorial Laertes, 2010, 197 pp. ISBN 978-84-7584-704-7 Eduardo Huarag Álvarez, La cultura oral en la narrativa hispanoamericana, Lima, Editorial San Marcos, 2011, 293 pp. ISBN 978-612-302-537-3 Eduardo L. Holmberg, Le ossa, Salerno, Edizioni Arcoiris, 2012, 114 pp. ISBN 978-88-96583-28-9 Guido Bonsaver, Mussolini censore. Storie di letteratura, dissenso e ipocrisia, Bari, Laterza, 2013, 230 pp. ISBN 9788858106624 Leila Guerriero, Frutos extraños (crónicas reunidas 2001-2008, Madrid, Alfaguara, 2009, 400 pp. ISBN 978-84-204-0371-7 Marco Di Domenico, Italiani Pericolosi, Torino, Bollati Boringhieri, 2012, 254 pp. ISBN 978-883-392-335-2 Margo Lanagan, Tender Morsels, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2008, 464 pp. ISBN 978-0-375-84305-1 María Caballero Wangüemert, Las trampas de la emancipación. Literatura femenina y mundo hispánico, Madrid, Biblioteca Nueva/Minerva, 2012, 363 pp. ISBN 978-84-9940-529-2 Maria Cristina Paganoni, Representing the City. Linguistic Perspectives,Discursive Strategies and Multimodality in City Branding, Bergamo, Lubrina Editore, 2012, 148 pp. ISBN 978 88 7766 464 8 Michael Denning, Cover Stories. Narrative and Ideology in the British Spy Thriller, London, Routledge, 1987, 168 pp. ISBN 0-7100-9642-9; John G. Cawelti, Bruce A. Rosenberg, The Spy Story, Chicago and London, The University of Chicago Press, 1987, 270 pp. ISBN 0-226- 09868-0 Nicoletta Vallorani, Millennium London. Of Other Spaces and the Metropolis, Milano/Udine, Mimesis, 2012, 116 pp. ISBN 978-88-5751-339-3 Norberto Luis Romero, Istantanee d'inquietudine, Salerno, Edizioni Arcoiris, 2012, 121 pp. ISBN 978-88-96583-30-2 Rosa Maria Grillo, Carla Perugini (a cura di, Tempi e luoghi di (deformazione, Salerno/Milano, Oèdipus edizioni, 2013, 327 pp. ISBN 978-87-3411-666 Santiago Roncagliolo, Óscar y las mujeres, Madrid, Alfaguara, 2013, 314 pp. ISBN 978-84-204-1359-4 Sara Maitland, Gossip from the Forest: A Search for the Hidden Roots of Our Fairytales, London, Granta, 2012, 368 pp. ISBN 978-184-708-430-9

  1. Research Reports / Rapports de recherche

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    chifaou.amzat

    'Performing Our Stories, Performing Ourselves: In Search of Kenya's Uhuru. Generation' is an auto-ethnographical ... in the small discussion groups whose deliberations inspired Mue's address. Despite the widespread ... measuring Kenya's success at achieving that promised to the post-colonial era generations as their ...

  2. SLUTEVALUERINGS-RAPPORT. December 2015

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Birgitte Holm; Levinsen, Karin Ellen Tweddell; Karoff, Helle Skovbjerg

    2016-01-01

    Projektet har som kombineret udviklings- og forskningsprojekt fokus på elevers egenproduktion og elevinddragelse og har som formål at undersøge: 1. hvordan elevernes digitale egenproduktion faciliterer deres læreprocesser og kvalificerer deres faglige og tværfaglige læringsresultater 2. hvordan i...

  3. Localization of magnetic pills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laulicht, Bryan; Gidmark, Nicholas J.; Tripathi, Anubhav; Mathiowitz, Edith

    2011-01-01

    Numerous therapeutics demonstrate optimal absorption or activity at specific sites in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Yet, safe, effective pill retention within a desired region of the GI remains an elusive goal. We report a safe, effective method for localizing magnetic pills. To ensure safety and efficacy, we monitor and regulate attractive forces between a magnetic pill and an external magnet, while visualizing internal dose motion in real time using biplanar videofluoroscopy. Real-time monitoring yields direct visual confirmation of localization completely noninvasively, providing a platform for investigating the therapeutic benefits imparted by localized oral delivery of new and existing drugs. Additionally, we report the in vitro measurements and calculations that enabled prediction of successful magnetic localization in the rat small intestines for 12 h. The designed system for predicting and achieving successful magnetic localization can readily be applied to any area of the GI tract within any species, including humans. The described system represents a significant step forward in the ability to localize magnetic pills safely and effectively anywhere within the GI tract. What our magnetic pill localization strategy adds to the state of the art, if used as an oral drug delivery system, is the ability to monitor the force exerted by the pill on the tissue and to locate the magnetic pill within the test subject all in real time. This advance ensures both safety and efficacy of magnetic localization during the potential oral administration of any magnetic pill-based delivery system. PMID:21257903

  4. Localization of Interference Fringes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, J. M.; Comastri, Silvia A.

    1980-01-01

    Discusses a proof for determining the localized fringes position arrived at when one considers the interference of two extended sources when one is able to observe fringes only at certain points in space. Shows how the localized fringes may be found in a device used to observe Newton's rings. (Author/CS)

  5. Local Exhaust Ventilation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ulla; Breum, N. O.; Nielsen, Peter V.

    Capture efficiency of a local exhaust system, e.g. a kitchen hood, should include only contaminants being direct captured. In this study basic concepts of local exhaust capture efficiency are given, based on the idea of a control box. A validated numerical model is used for estimation...

  6. Local anesthesia in dentistry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bahl, Ritu

    2004-01-01

    ... upon achieving adequate local anesthesia. Research has shown that the fear of pain associated with dentistry is closely associated with the most common method for blocking pain during dental procedures-intraoral administration of local anesthetics. This is considered aversive due to the pain associated with the injection and the perceived threat ...

  7. Locally orderless registration code

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    This is code for the TPAMI paper "Locally Orderless Registration". The code requires intel threadding building blocks installed and is provided for 64 bit on mac, linux and windows.......This is code for the TPAMI paper "Locally Orderless Registration". The code requires intel threadding building blocks installed and is provided for 64 bit on mac, linux and windows....

  8. Time to Go Local!

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... example, a person who has found information about breast cancer on MedlinePlus would be able to click on GoLocal and be instantly connected to information about local screening services, cancer care facilities, support groups, exercise and yoga classes, providers of wigs ...

  9. Clustering by Local Gravitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhiqiang; Yu, Zhiwen; Chen, C L Philip; You, Jane; Gu, Tianlong; Wong, Hau-San; Zhang, Jun

    2017-05-02

    The objective of cluster analysis is to partition a set of data points into several groups based on a suitable distance measure. We first propose a model called local gravitation among data points. In this model, each data point is viewed as an object with mass, and associated with a local resultant force (LRF) generated by its neighbors. The motivation of this paper is that there exist distinct differences between the LRFs (including magnitudes and directions) of the data points close to the cluster centers and at the boundary of the clusters. To capture these differences efficiently, two new local measures named centrality and coordination are further investigated. Based on empirical observations, two new clustering methods called local gravitation clustering and communication with local agents are designed, and several test cases are conducted to verify their effectiveness. The experiments on synthetic data sets and real-world data sets indicate that both clustering approaches achieve good performance on most of the data sets.

  10. Local sleep and learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huber, Reto; Ghilardi, M Felice; Massimini, Marcello; Tononi, Giulio

    2004-07-01

    Human sleep is a global state whose functions remain unclear. During much of sleep, cortical neurons undergo slow oscillations in membrane potential, which appear in electroencephalograms as slow wave activity (SWA) of sleep. It has been suggested that SWA homeostasis may reflect synaptic changes underlying a cellular need for sleep. If this were so, inducing local synaptic changes should induce local SWA changes, and these should benefit neural function. Here we show that sleep homeostasis indeed has a local component, which can be triggered by a learning task involving specific brain regions. Furthermore, we show that the local increase in SWA after learning correlates with improved performance of the task after sleep. Thus, sleep homeostasis can be induced on a local level and can benefit performance.

  11. À propos des archives de l’Algérie ottomane : notes sur le rapport entre conditions de production et nature et usages des sources historiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Grangaud

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available À propos des archives de l’Algérie ottomane : notes sur le rapport entre conditions de production et nature et usages des sources historiques. La documentation archivistique de l’Algérie ottomane est globalement peu fournie, ce qui amène à réfléchir sur la pratique historienne dans ces conditions. Non pas en cherchant ailleurs ce que ces archives ne fourniraient pas, mais plutôt en interrogeant plus précisément le sens et les usages sociaux de leur matérialité. Il s’agit dès lors d’en saisir les conditions de production au regard de leur contenu, et de les interpeller comme autant de contextes ponctuels au sein et à l’articulation desquels se déploient et s’affirment des actions. Derrière cette approche se profilent les questions de savoir en quoi peut bien vouloir consister de produire des documents et d’archiver des documents, autant d’opérations à l’issue desquelles les historiens opèrent, et qui cependant ne s’imposent pas d’emblée. À l’analyse de la configuration archivistique de l’Algérie ottomane, j’explorerai ces questions en présentant deux axes de recherches qui m’ont mobilisée. D’une part en interrogeant les effets de l’histoire (coloniale de ces archives sur le sens de leur contenu. D’autre part en présentant les résultats d’une recherche collective autour des conditions de production d’un type de source classique pour les ottomanistes, les registres de cadis.On the Archives of Ottoman Algeria. Archival documentation of Ottoman Algeria is, in general, somewhat scarce, which leads one to reflect upon historians’ practice in such conditions – not by seeking elsewhere what is not supplied in these archives, but rather by examining more closely the sense and social uses of that which does exist. It is henceforth a question of understanding production conditions with regard to their contents and to interpellate them as so many isolated contexts and articulations from

  12. Explosion localization via infrasound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szuberla, Curt A L; Olson, John V; Arnoult, Kenneth M

    2009-11-01

    Two acoustic source localization techniques were applied to infrasonic data and their relative performance was assessed. The standard approach for low-frequency localization uses an ensemble of small arrays to separately estimate far-field source bearings, resulting in a solution from the various back azimuths. This method was compared to one developed by the authors that treats the smaller subarrays as a single, meta-array. In numerical simulation and a field experiment, the latter technique was found to provide improved localization precision everywhere in the vicinity of a 3-km-aperture meta-array, often by an order of magnitude.

  13. Local Anesthetic Microencapsulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-11-04

    local anesthetic by Freud and Koller in 1884 (Ritchie and Grune 1980), local anes- thetics have played an important role in clinical medicine. Local...J * ana , NCO C L) ..0C%j U C - r_ c 00 4- C) LU- V~~ 0 )a IrL LUI ii;:7-7 73 -04 &001 EE 4-- 4)4 m’ CJ ou u o 0>’. U L o_ 0 0 -l -L 0 4) U U 0 0 4-L

  14. Safety report concerning the reactor Pegase - volume 1 - Description of the installation - volume 2 - Safety of the installations; Rapport de surete du reacteur pegase - tome 1 - Description des installations - tome 2 - Surete des installations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacour, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Legoin, P. [S.E.M. Hispano-Suiza, 92 - Colombes (France)

    1964-07-01

    In the first volume: This report is a description of the reactor Pegase, given with a view to examine the safety of the installations. The Cadarache site at which they are situated is briefly described, in particular because of the consequences on the techniques employed for building Pegase. A description is also given of the original aspects of the reactor. The independent loops which are designed for full-scale testing of fuel elements used in natural uranium-gas-graphite reactor systems are described in this report, together with their operational and control equipment. In the second volume: In the present report are examined the accidents which could cause damage to the Pegase reactor installation. Among possible causes of accidents considered are the seismicity of the region, an excessive power excursion of the reactor and a fracture in the sealing of an independent loop. Although all possible precautions have been taken to offset the effects of such accidents, their ultimate consequences are considered here. The importance is stressed of the security action and regulations which, added to the precautions taken for the construction, ensure the safety of the installations. (authors) [French] Dans le volume 1: Ce rapport est une description du reacteur Pegase, afin d'examiner la surete des installations. Le site de CADARACHE ou elles sont situees, a ete sommairement decrit, en particulier, a cause des consequences sur les techniques mises en oeuvre pour la realisation de Pegase. Nous nous sommes egalement attache a decrire les aspects originaux du reacteur. Les boucles autonomes destinees a tester en vraie grandeur des elements combustibles de la filiere uranium naturel graphite-gaz, ainsi que leurs dispositifs de controle et d'exploitation, figurent egalement dans ce rapport. Dans le volume 2: Dans le present rapport, nous examinons des accidents pouvant endommager des installations du reacteur Pegase. Les origines d'accidents examines

  15. « Sociologie des rapports entre colonisateurs et colonisés » suivi de « Portrait du décolonisé arabo-musulman et de quelques autres »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Memmi

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Série de deux textes d’Albert Memmi : l’un « Sociologie des rapports entre colonisateurs et colonisés », est un article paru en 1957 dans les Cahiers internationaux de Sociologie, volume 23, juillet-décembre, pp. 85-96 (reproduit avec l’aimable autorisation de la revue ; l’autre étant un court extrait (pages 156 à 168 de l’ouvrage Portrait du décolonisé arabo-musulman et de quelques autres paru en 2004 aux éditions Gallimard, et publié avec l’aimable autorisation de ces dernières.Series of two texts of Albert Memmi : one “Sociologie des rapports entre colonisateurs et colonisés”, is a article published in 1957 in the Cahiers internationaux de Sociologie, volume July 23 - December, pp. 85-96 (reproduced with the kind authorization of the review ; the other being a short extract (pages 156 to 168 of the book Portrait du décolonisé arabo-musulman et de quelques autres, published in 2004 by the Gallimard editions, and reproduced with the kind authorization of these last.Dos textos de Albert Memmi. El primero es un artículo, « Sociologie des rapports entre colonisateurs et colonisés » (« Sociología de las relaciones entre colonizadores y colonizados » publicado en 1957 en los Cahiers internationaux de Sociologie, Vol. 23, julio-diciembre, pp. 85-96, (reproducido con la amable autorización de la revista. El siguiente es un corto extracto (paginas 156-168 del libro Portrait du décolonisé arabo-musulman et de quelques autres (« Retrato del descolonizado arabo musulmán y de algunos otros » publicado en 2004 por la editorial Gallimard, reproducido aquí con su amable autorización.

  16. Focus on Local Reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, Rod

    1999-01-01

    Discusses how the student newspaper "The Lance" (at Westside High School in Omaha, Nebraska) covered the shootings at Columbine High School. Notes that the staff localized the event and brought the student body into the story. (RS)

  17. Stereotype locally convex spaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akbarov, S S

    2000-08-31

    We give complete proofs of some previously announced results in the theory of stereotype (that is, reflexive in the sense of Pontryagin duality) locally convex spaces. These spaces have important applications in topological algebra and functional analysis.

  18. Stereotype locally convex spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbarov, S. S.

    2000-08-01

    We give complete proofs of some previously announced results in the theory of stereotype (that is, reflexive in the sense of Pontryagin duality) locally convex spaces. These spaces have important applications in topological algebra and functional analysis.

  19. rural y conocimiento local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Acampora

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de la crisis de los modelos alimentarios en el siglo XXI, las producciones agroalimentarias están en un período de redescubrimiento. Las autoras analizan las principales estrategias que tienen los actores locales para perseguir la valorización de los recursos locales con identidad territorial; para luego ahondar en las políticas de diferenciación de los productos con marcas colectivas certifi-cadas. Finalmente, se ponen en evidencia las relaciones entre productos típicos, conservación de la agrobiodiversidad y conocimientos locales. Aquí se articula el debate sobre valorización de los productos típicos con el debate internacional sobre el conocimiento tradicional y el folclor, que se ha generado a partir de la preocupación internacional sobre la erosión de la biodiversidad y los conocimientos locales.

  20. Characterizing local EMS systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    Emergency medical services (EMS) systems are configured differently depending on several factors, including the size, demographics, geography, and politics of the local communities they serve. Although some information exists about the organization, ...

  1. nuevo gobierno local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Vargas Hernández

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar las funciones y estructura de ingeniería social del nuevo gobierno local para dar respuesta a las demandas sociales, promover el desarrollo y regular los nuevos servicios públicos. A partir de una delimitación de los conceptos de soberanía y autonomía del nuevo gobierno local, se reconfigura una nueva estructura de gobernabilidad de los gobiernos locales que implica una mayor participación ciudadana en los procesos de toma de decisiones y la formulación de las políticas públicas, mediante la facilitación de procesos de descentralización de funciones y mecanismos coordinadores de servicios públicos. Finalmente se analizan las implicaciones en la gobernabilidad de la ingeniería social del nuevo gobierno local.

  2. Local Authority Compensatory Policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.C.M. Turkenburg

    1999-01-01

    Original title: Gemeentelijke onderwijsachterstandenbeleid. The introduction in the Netherlands of the Municipal Compensatory Policy (Education) Act on 1 August 1998 made the former educational priority policy a responsibility of local authorities. The intention is that the educational

  3. RNA Localization in Astrocytes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Rune

    2012-01-01

    Messenger RNA (mRNA) localization is a mechanism by which polarized cells can regulate protein synthesis to specific subcellular compartments in a spatial and temporal manner, and plays a pivotal role in multiple physiological processes from embryonic development to cell differentiation......, regulation of the blood brain barrier and glial scar tissue formation. Despite the involvement in various CNS functions only a limited number of studies have addressed mRNA localization in astrocytes. This PhD project was initially focused on developing and implementing methods that could be used to asses mRNA...... localization in astrocyte protrusions, and following look into the subcellular localization pattern of specific mRNA species of both primary astrocytes isolated from cortical hemispheres of newborn mice, and the mouse astrocyte cell line, C8S. The Boyden chamber cell fractionation assay was optimized, in a way...

  4. Mining local process models

    OpenAIRE

    Tax, Niek; Sidorova, Natalia; Haakma, Reinder; van der Aalst, Wil M.P.

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we describe a method to discover frequent behavioral patterns in event logs. We express these patterns as \\emph{local process models}. Local process model mining can be positioned in-between process discovery and episode / sequential pattern mining. The technique presented in this paper is able to learn behavioral patterns involving sequential composition, concurrency, choice and loop, like in process mining. However, we do not look at start-to-end models, which distinguishes ou...

  5. On Minds' Localization

    OpenAIRE

    Crocco, Prof M

    2004-01-01

    A confluence of clues from a range of academic topics suggests that minds localization in nature consists of relativistically moving microphysical particles, whose motion is physiologically modulated. Here those clues are shown to imply that the localization of the operations of observers (minds or existentialities) in nature are the actions carriers of a force field, which action carriers are slightly slowed from near-c speed motion by electroneurobiological variations in brain physiology – ...

  6. Local Authority Compensatory Policy

    OpenAIRE

    M.C.M. Turkenburg

    1999-01-01

    Original title: Gemeentelijke onderwijsachterstandenbeleid. The introduction in the Netherlands of the Municipal Compensatory Policy (Education) Act on 1 August 1998 made the former educational priority policy a responsibility of local authorities. The intention is that the educational compensatory policy should be developed and implemented at local level in the coming years in collaboration with school boards. The predominant argument for the decentralisation of the educational compensatory ...

  7. Desempleo y justicia local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elster, Jon

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper Jon Elster presents a set of criteria of local justice that regulate dismissals. In situations where work is limited and companies adopt means of employment redundancy, the decision of dismissing certain workers —when this one tries not to be arbitrary— can be based on local criteria of fairness like merit, efficiency, age or other analysed in this work. So, after defining the concept of local justice and presenting some examples, the paper focuses on the importance of the work to organize and structure the life of people. Unemployment has serious consequences for the persons who suffer it and the author advises that it is necessary to subordinate dismissals to criteria of local justice.

    En este artículo se presentan una serie de criterios de justicia local para regular los despidos. En situaciones en las que el trabajo es escaso y las empresas adoptan medidas de regulación de empleo, la decisión de despedir a unos trabajadores o a otros se puede basar, cuando se intenta que no sea arbitraria, en criterios locales de equidad como el mérito, la eficacia, la edad u otros que se analizan en este trabajo. Así, tras definir el concepto de justicia local y presentar algunos ejemplos, el artículo se centra en la importancia del trabajo para organizar y estructurar la vida de la gente. Las graves consecuencias que tiene, por ello, el desempleo para quien lo sufre, aconseja que los despidos se sometan a criterios de justicia local.

  8. Locally Weighted Naive Bayes

    OpenAIRE

    Frank, Eibe; Hall, Mark; Pfahringer, Bernhard

    2012-01-01

    Despite its simplicity, the naive Bayes classifier has surprised machine learning researchers by exhibiting good performance on a variety of learning problems. Encouraged by these results, researchers have looked to overcome naive Bayes primary weakness - attribute independence - and improve the performance of the algorithm. This paper presents a locally weighted version of naive Bayes that relaxes the independence assumption by learning local models at prediction time. Experimental results s...

  9. TOURISM AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BORMA AFRODITA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a theoretical approach of the relation between tourism and local development. The research method used is based on documenting and summarizing aspects related to the importance of tourism on local development. According to data provided by the World Tourism Organization (WTO, 2014, compared to 2010, a 91% increase of the number of international tourist arrivals is forecasted in 2030, from 948 million arrivals (2010 to 1,810 million arrivals (2030. Therefore, it is no surprise that tourism is viewed as a development strategy in many national economies. Tourism literature captures a series of arguments that emphasize the contribution of tourism to local development by: creating new jobs, revitalizing cultural traditions, improving infrastructure, environmental protection, etc. For Romania, as well, it may be noted that tourism strategies included in the 2013-2016 Government Programme are oriented towards local tourism by: decentralizing the authorization and approval activity, developing an integrated tourism by capitalizing all the local resources (cultural, agricultural, handicraft, etc., connecting Romanian tourism to international trends, etc. In order to achieve the aforementioned objectives, the 2013-2016 Government Program provides the clarification on the issue of decentralization, since the current government believes that a balanced development of Romania can only be achieved through transfer of authority to the local, county and regional levels.

  10. Propositions pour favoriser l'emploi des docteurs : Rapport du groupe de travail sur l'emploi des docteurs- FutuRIS Président : Jean-Claude Lehmann Rapporteurs : Daniel Fixari, Frédérique Pallez

    OpenAIRE

    Fixari, Daniel; Pallez, Frédérique

    2005-01-01

    Par rapport à d'autres pays, où le doctorat figure parmi les diplômes les plus recherchés par les employeurs, les conditions d'insertion professionnelle des docteurs dans le monde non académique sont, en France, préoccupantes, même si les situations sont contrastées selon les disciplines. Un premier niveau d'explications réside dans la structure même de l'économie française, en termes de place de la recherche et de l'innovation. On peut aussi penser à l'existence d'une "concurren...

  11. Local Lorentz covariance in finite-dimensional local quantum physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raasakka, Matti

    2017-10-01

    We show that local Lorentz covariance arises canonically as the group of transformations between local thermal states in the framework of local quantum physics, given the following three postulates: (i) Local observable algebras are finite-dimensional. (ii) Minimal local observable algebras are isomorphic to M2(C ) , the observable algebra of a single qubit. (iii) The vacuum restricted to any minimal local observable algebra is a nonmaximally mixed thermal state. The derivation reveals a new and surprising relation between spacetime structure and local quantum states. In particular, we show how local restrictions of the vacuum can determine the connection between different local inertial reference frames.

  12. Détermination du rapport d’embranchement de la transition super-permise du carbone 10 et développement et intégration de la ligne de faisceau PIPERADE au CENBG

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2091894; Giovinazzo, Jérôme

    Les études de la radioactivité bêta dans les milieux nucléaires permettent en partie de participer à la détermination d’un des paramètres qui décrit l'interaction faible (la constante de couplage vectoriel). Pour cela, de nombreuses mesures permettent déjà d’atteindre de grandes précisions sur ce paramètre pour un grand nombre de noyaux des transitions bêta super-permise. Cependant, pour le carbone 10, l'incertitude relative du rapport d'embranchement reste encore élevée par rapport aux autres noyaux pères avec une valeur de l’ordre de 0,13 %. Ceci est dû à l’énergie du photon émis par l’état 0+ du noyau fils qui est de 1021,6 keV, c’est-à-dire proche de l’énergie d’empilement de deux signaux de photons de 511 keV. En mai 2015, notre groupe a réalisé, à ISOLDE au CERN, une expérience afin de mesurer très précisément cette transition. Pour produire le carbone 10,nous avons réalisé des réactions nucléaires qui produisaient en grandes parties les noyaux d’inté...

  13. Published White House Internal Memos: Legal Transparency or Subtle Electoral Canvassing? La publication officielle des rapports internes de la Maison Blanche : transparence légale ou subtile stratégie électorale ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mounir Triki

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Dans quelle mesure la manipulation du « genre » est-elle une stratégie utile  à des fins pragmatiques ? Les rapports internes de la Maison Blanche et les décrets officiels présentent un intérêt d’analyse stimulant : celui de « l’affiliation générique ». D’un côté, ce sont des exemples de discours officiels, d’où leur vocabulaire légal. D’autre part, le fait qu’ils sont publiés et non tenus secrets signifie que le bureau de presse de la Maison Blanche y voit une utilité politique certaine en les rendant public, d’où la présence d’une coloration propagandiste subtile des messages. Afin d’illustrer ce « jeu générique », l’étude des rapports internes de G.W. Bush sur la politique des Indiens d’Amérique est au cœur de notre réflexion. Il est intéressant de noter que la période de publications de ces écrits coïncide curieusement avec des événements politiques de grande importance, servant ainsi des ambitions plus ou moins voilées.

  14. Beyond local climate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    D'haen, Sarah Ann Lise; Nielsen, Jonas Østergaard; Lambin, Eric F.

    2014-01-01

    as a safety net against adverse local rainfall events. Results show that household decisions to participate in the nonfarm economy could not be directly linked with local rainfall events during the study period in the mid-2000s. However, household participation was determined by adverse rainfall conditions......At the household level, nonfarm activities are thought to help rural poor households buffer against agricultural risks related to local climate variability by providing them with cash to buy food in the case of harvest shortfalls. Over the recent decades, households in rural Sub-Sahara have been...... found less dependent on land and subsistence agriculture and an increasing number of households here derive their income from nonfarm activities. This study tests the hypothesis that rural households in Burkina Faso have diversified to the extent that they no longer rely on nonfarm activities...

  15. Tackling Health Inequalities Locally

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diderichsen, Finn; Scheele, Christian Elling; Little, Ingvild Gundersen

    equality and growth (64). Health equity has been anexplicit political goal in Scandinavia for decades. Nevertheless, in the health domain, average improvement has not been followed by reduced inequality – at least not between socioeconomic groups. It has in other words turned out to be a challenge...... of translating small inequalities in wealth into small inequalities in health. Denmark, Norway and Sweden all have legislation that indifferent ways offers local governments key roles in public health. This is partly due to local governments’ responsibility for many policy areas of great relevance to health...... and health equity. National governments have thus largely made the WHO and EU recommendation of ‘Health in All Policies’a local responsibility. In his analysis for the Nordic Council of Ministers, former Swedish Minister of Health Bo Könberg identifies tackling health inequalities as one of 14 prioritised...

  16. Development of Local Chicken Production Based on Local Feed Ingredients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecep Hidayat

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Development of local chicken production based on local feed ingredient is in line with the vision of Indonesian goverment to fulfill meat and egg national requirement based on local resources. There are two big problem which become stumblingblock in developing local chicken production. The first problem is the difficulty to get day old chick of local chicken. This problem can be solved by integrating breeder institutions belong to goverment with research institution and with local chicken producer association. The second problem is the low performance of local chicken. To improve local chicken performance, it can be done by improving the breed, feed and management. Several research results show that good performance of local chicken were obtained by inclusion of local feed ingredients in the ration. Therefore, development of local chicken production based an local feed resources can be applied.

  17. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Local Foods, Local Places

    Science.gov (United States)

    Answers to frequently asked questions about EPA's Local Foods, Local Places planning assistance program to help communities revitalize downtowns, create economic opportunities, and improve access to healthy food by promoting local foods.

  18. Photon Localization Revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izumi Ojima

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the light of the Newton–Wigner–Wightman theorem of localizability question, we have proposed before a typical generation mechanism of effective mass for photons to be localized in the form of polaritons owing to photon-media interactions. In this paper, the general essence of this example model is extracted in such a form as quantum field ontology associated with the eventualization principle, which enables us to explain the mutual relations, back and forth, between quantum fields and various forms of particles in the localized form of the former.

  19. Local versus national

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milan, Christian; Nielsen, Mads Pagh; Bojesen, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    of individual energy supply systems based on on-site weather and building conditions, as well as considering the expected energy consumption profile. However, local planning processes are problematic if they do not take regional or national impacts into account. Given the grid connection, the local building...... is to adapt the earlier proposed methodology by integrating flexible national electricity prices and thus taking account for the aforementioned effects. The methodology is applied in a case study for a single family house under Danish conditions. The results show that the system configuration might...

  20. Global and Local Textuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, B. G.

    Coherence and cohesion are fundamental considerations of the composing process that help to define the global and local components of texuality. Global text coherence centers on those aspects of the familiar rhetorical situation. Coherence operates at the paragraph and essay levels, answering questions about focus, tone, mode, topic, and thesis.…

  1. Local Color Correction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Gabriel Gomila Salas

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present a local algorithm for contrast enhancement developed by N. Moroney at Hewlett-Packard Laboratories and presented at the IS&T/SID Eight Color Imaging Conference, in 2000. The algorithm uses a non-linear masking, is fast and does not require any manual parameter adjustments.

  2. Local anaesthetic toxicity

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Austrian pharmacologist Karl Damian Ritter von Schorff was the first to think of cocaine as a narcotic. He noticed skin insensibility after the application of cocaine and postulated a central nervous system effect as mechanism of action. In 1884,. Sigmund Freud proposed the use of cocaine as local anaesthetic to his friend ...

  3. Robust and Secure Localization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-03

    attacker-chosen location to the nodes as they are deployed.  establish wormhole links and tunnel legitimate messages to distant locations in the...network which are beyond the radio range of the source nodes. The wormhole attack can potentially introduce significant localization error of any node

  4. Local government in Ethiopia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    LAW

    farmers would find themselves being rounded up at gun point by the local defence squad, and forcibly dispatched...”69. The involvement of UDAs and PAs in the forceful conscription of young people into the government's army was another control oriented action. Derg was forcefully conscripting young Ethiopians for the ...

  5. Stroke? Localized, otogenic meningitis!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingolfsdottir, Harpa Maria; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    We report the case of a patient admitted with aphasia, treated for a stroke. Subsequently, it was revealed that the symptoms were caused by complicated otitis media with localized meningitis. This case draws attention to the possible intracranial spread of infection when neurological symptoms occur...

  6. HOW PARTICIPATION SHAPES LOCAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhadjir Darwin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article elaborates citizens’ participation in shaping local development in the Indonesian context. The main question is how to make local development more participatory as a guarantee that citizens’ rights are fully realized. In that respects, social accountability is a key that should be improved from supply and demand sides simultaneously. From the supply side, there is a need to reform local governance, in order to improve the quality of local regulations, local planning, local budgeting, and local public service provision. While from the demand side, there is a need to empower local citizens so that they are engaged in five forms or local development efforts: local regulation formulation, local development planning, local budgeting, community driven development, and public service provision.

  7. Localités : localisation des écrits et production locale d’actions - Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Cantillon

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available La question du local telle qu’elle est ici envisagée, en rapport avec les travaux collectifs du Grihl, invite à une interrogation sur la manière dont s’opère l’inscription des écrits (notamment, mais pas seulement, ceux considérés comme « littéraires » dans des lieux, au fil de procès successifs de localisation dont les enjeux sont à reconstituer à chaque fois. Elle porte aussi à un questionnement sur la ou les échelles d’analyse des textes et des livres, sur les contextes à construire pour comprendre leurs sens et actions, et sur les variations possibles de ces échelles et contextes.The issue of « local » is here considered in relation to the collective works of the Grihl. It invites to question the way how writing works (“literary” works but not only can be related to places, spaces, loci – as a result of specific localization processes. It also carries out an inquiry into the scale(s of analysis put in place to study texts and books, and the appropriate contexts that have to be built to bring into light their actions and meanings.

  8. Electron localization functions and local measures of the covariance

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The electron localization measure proposed by Becke and Edgecombe is shown to be related to the covariance of the electron pair distribution. Just as with the electron localization function, the local covariance does not seem to be, in and of itself, a useful quantity for elucidating shell structure. A function of the local ...

  9. Brane-Localized Gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Mannheim, Philip D

    2005-01-01

    This timely and valuable book provides a detailed pedagogical introduction and treatment of the brane-localized gravity program of Randall and Sundrum, in which gravitational signals are able to localize around our four-dimensional world in the event that it is a brane embedded in an infinitely-sized, higher dimensional anti-de Sitter bulk space. A completely self-contained development of the material needed for brane-world studies is provided for both students and workers in the field, with a significant amount of the material being previously unpublished. Particular attention is given to issues not ordinarily treated in the brane-world literature, such as the completeness of tensor gravitational fluctuation modes, the causality of brane-world propagators, and the status of the massless graviton fluctuation mode in brane worlds in which it is not normalizable.

  10. Photonic local oscillator development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimberk, Robert; Tong, Edward; Hunter, Todd R.; Christensen, Robert; Blundell, Ray

    2006-12-01

    In the receiver lab, we have developed a 200 GHz to 230 GHz local oscillator constructed from mostly commercially available 1550 nm laser communication components. Theoretical and experimental work show that the laser adds negligible phase noise to this photonic local oscillator system and that spectral purity and phase stability are similar to Gunn oscillator based local oscillator output. The optical path consists of a single 1550 nm diode laser, a lithium niobate optical phase modulator, a Mach Zehnder interferometer (MZI) with a free spectral range of 75 GHz, and a 160 GHz to 260 GHz photomixer whose output is connected to a horn antenna. All of the optical devices and connections are polarization maintaining, and the photomixer was designed and fabricated at the CCLRC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory. The electrical path consists of a YIG synthesizer, operating in the frequency range 14-20 GHz, a frequency doubler, and a power amplifier connected to the RF port of the phase modulator. At the SMA on Mauna Kea, we incorporated the photonic LO into one element (Antenna 6) of a five antenna array for test observations of CO J=2-1 made towards the ultracompact HII region G138.295+1.555. Spectral features of comparable width occur on baselines with and without antenna 6, and noise increases with baseline length independent of antenna number. Continuum observations were also made toward the quasar 3c454.3 for a period of about one hour. In summary, the SMA has proven that the photonic local oscillator operates with adequate phase and frequency stability for radio-interferometry.

  11. Rationalising localism and brokerage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kusche, Isabel

    2017-01-01

    . The article employs the notion of global scripts and the concept of domestication of global trends in order to analyse how the question of the appropriate relationship between deputies and voters is informed both by a general trend towards the professionalisation of politicians and a domestic tradition...... of the domestic setting on the other. In this way the article contributes to a better understanding of the entanglement of the global and the local....

  12. Local Rotational Symmetries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-01

    way to choose among them. Spirals can occur in natural figures, e.g. a spiralled tail or a coil of rope or vine tendril, and in line drawings. Since...generated and removes it and all regions similar to it from the list of regions. The end result is a pruned list of distinct optimal regions. 4.7...that, at least to a first approximation, the potential symmetry regions pruned by the locality restriction are not perceptually salient. For example

  13. Local Noncollinear Spin Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abate, Bayileyegn A; Joshi, Rajendra P; Peralta, Juan E

    2017-12-12

    In this work, we generalize the local spin analysis of Clark and Davidson [J. Chem. Phys. 2001 115 (16), 7382] for the partitioning of the expectation value of the molecular spin square operator, ⟨Ŝ 2 ⟩, into atomic contributions, ⟨Ŝ A ·Ŝ B ⟩, to the noncollinear spin case in the framework of density functional theory (DFT). We derive the working equations, and we show applications to the analysis of the noncollinear spin solutions of typical spin-frustrated systems and to the calculation of magnetic exchange couplings. In the former case, we employ the triangular H 3 He 3 test molecule and a Mn 3 complex to show that the local spin analysis provides additional information that complements the standard one-particle spin population analysis. For the calculation of magnetic exchange couplings, J AB , we employ the local spin partitioning to extract ⟨Ŝ A ·Ŝ B ⟩ as a function of the interatomic spin orientation given by the angle θ. This, combined with the dependence of the electronic energy with θ, provides a methodology to extract J AB from DFT calculations that, in contrast to conventional energy differences based methods, does not require the use of ad hoc S A and S B values.

  14. Many-box locality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yuqian; Cai, Yu; Bancal, Jean-Daniel; Gao, Fei; Scarani, Valerio

    2017-11-01

    There is an ongoing search for a physical or operational definition for quantum mechanics. Several informational principles have been proposed which are satisfied by a theory less restrictive than quantum mechanics. Here, we introduce the principle of "many-box locality," which is a refined version of the previously proposed "macroscopic locality." These principles are based on coarse graining the statistics of several copies of a given box. The set of behaviors satisfying many-box locality for N boxes is denoted LNM B. We study these sets in the bipartite scenario with two binary measurements, in relation with the sets Q and Q1 +A B of quantum and "almost quantum" correlations, respectively. We find that the LNM B sets are, in general, not convex. For unbiased marginals, by working in the Fourier space we can prove analytically that LNM B⊈Q for any finite N , while L∞M B=Q . Then, with suitably developed numerical tools, we find an example of a point that belongs to L16M B but not to Q1 +A B. Among the problems that remain open is whether Q ⊂L∞M B .

  15. Local dependency in networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kudĕlka Miloš

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Many real world data and processes have a network structure and can usefully be represented as graphs. Network analysis focuses on the relations among the nodes exploring the properties of each network. We introduce a method for measuring the strength of the relationship between two nodes of a network and for their ranking. This method is applicable to all kinds of networks, including directed and weighted networks. The approach extracts dependency relations among the network’s nodes from the structure in local surroundings of individual nodes. For the tasks we deal with in this article, the key technical parameter is locality. Since only the surroundings of the examined nodes are used in computations, there is no need to analyze the entire network. This allows the application of our approach in the area of large-scale networks. We present several experiments using small networks as well as large-scale artificial and real world networks. The results of the experiments show high effectiveness due to the locality of our approach and also high quality node ranking comparable to PageRank.

  16. New Communication Technologies, Local Journalism and the Perception of Locality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali ÖZCAN

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Studies on local journalism as an important element of participatory democracy generally focus on the history of the local press, the financial insufficiencies of local newspapers as well as technical/ technological incompetency that occurs as a result of these factors. This research analyzes local newspapers with a new scientific point of view by focusing on the perception of locality as a mental projection of geographical constraint. Perspectives regarding the transformations on perceptions of locality as a result of the disappearance of time and space constraints due to new communication technologies, and the opportunities that new communication environments offer to local newspapers will be provided. Moreover, the ways in which local newspapers reflect on locality with their printed versions under time and space constraints will be analyzed. The research scope of the study has been limited to 15 newspapers in Konya. Structured interviews and content analysis methods were used for data collection and analysis.

  17. Travailler le rapport au savoir des élèves: analyse de la perception de trois situations d'apprentissage en anglais par des élèves de première année d'école de Maturité

    OpenAIRE

    Pauli, Kathleen; Clerc-Georgy, Anne

    2012-01-01

    Travailler le rapport au savoir des élèves : analyse de la perception de trois situations d’apprentissage en anglais par des élèves de première année d’école de Maturité. Pourquoi certains élèves réussissent-ils mieux que d’autres à l’école ou dans leurs études ? Les parcours scolaires différenciés et différenciateurs sont-ils inhérents aux élèves eux- mêmes, que ce soit par rapport à leurs facultés intellectuelles ou leur origine sociale, ou l’école est-elle en partie responsable de c...

  18. Localized defects in ophthalmic lenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroud, J S

    1989-03-01

    Ophthalmic lenses made from glass, hard resin, and polycarbonate are inspected with a shadowgraph to determine the nature, frequency, and severity of localized defects, including power aberrations. The most common localized defects are scratches and pits left by incomplete polishing and localized power aberrations caused by variations in the thickness of scratch-resistant coatings. Localized defects are more likely in polycarbonate lenses than in glass or hard resin lenses. The compliance of lenses with standards that limit localized defects is discussed.

  19. Localization of CANDU technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alizadeh, Ala

    2010-09-15

    The CANDU pressurized heavy water reactor's principal design features suit it particularly well for technology transfer and localization. When the first commercial CANDU reactors of 540 MWe entered service in 1971, Canada's population of less than 24 million supported a 'medium' level of industrial development, lacking the heavy industrial capabilities of larger countries like the USA, Japan and Europe. A key motivation for Canada in developing the CANDU design was to ensure that Canada would have the autonomous capacity to build and operate nuclear power reactors without depending on foreign sources for key components or enriched fuel.

  20. Local analytic geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Abhyankar, Shreeram Shankar

    1964-01-01

    This book provides, for use in a graduate course or for self-study by graduate students, a well-motivated treatment of several topics, especially the following: (1) algebraic treatment of several complex variables; (2) geometric approach to algebraic geometry via analytic sets; (3) survey of local algebra; (4) survey of sheaf theory. The book has been written in the spirit of Weierstrass. Power series play the dominant role. The treatment, being algebraic, is not restricted to complex numbers, but remains valid over any complete-valued field. This makes it applicable to situations arising from

  1. Localized Acoustic Surface Modes

    KAUST Repository

    Farhat, Mohamed

    2015-08-04

    We introduce the concept of localized acoustic surface modes (ASMs). We demonstrate that they are induced on a two-dimensional cylindrical rigid surface with subwavelength corrugations under excitation by an incident acoustic plane wave. Our results show that the corrugated rigid surface is acoustically equivalent to a cylindrical scatterer with uniform mass density that can be represented using a Drude-like model. This, indeed, suggests that plasmonic-like acoustic materials can be engineered with potential applications in various areas including sensing, imaging, and cloaking.

  2. Spatially localized magnetoconvection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lo Jacono, D; Bergeon, A [Universite de Toulouse (France); INPT, UPS, Institut de Mecanique des Fluides de Toulouse (IMFT), Allee Camille Soula, F-31400 Toulouse (France); Knobloch, E, E-mail: lojacono@imft.fr, E-mail: bergeon@imft.fr, E-mail: knobloch@berkeley.edu [Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2012-06-01

    Numerical continuation is used to compute branches of time-independent, spatially localized convectons in an imposed vertical magnetic field focusing on values of the Chandrasekhar number Q in the range 10 < Q < 10{sup 3}. The calculations reveal that convectons initially grow by nucleating additional cells on either side, but with the build-up of field outside owing to flux expulsion, the convectons are able to transport more heat only by expanding the constituent cells. Thus, at large Q and large Rayleigh numbers, convectons consist of a small number of broad cells. (paper)

  3. 'Joined Up' Local Governments?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnå, Hilde; Casale, Donatella; Hajnal, Gyorgy

    of such studies and comparative studies are lacking. With this, we ask how can local JUG initiatives be explained and what lessons can be drawn from a comparative perspective? Drawing on some components from the framework by Pollitt and Bouckaert (2011) for public management reforms, we analyse JUG reforms in six....... forthc. 2015, Lægreid et al. 2014, Pollitt 2003). A growing body of research analyses JUG initiatives in several countries, but often in the form of single-case studies with central government focus (see e.g. Talbot 2011 or Lægreid et al. 2014). On municipal level, however, there is only a scarce number...

  4. The Local Fractional Bootstrap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Mikkel; Hounyo, Ulrich; Lunde, Asger

    new resampling method, the local fractional bootstrap, relies on simulating an auxiliary fractional Brownian motion that mimics the fine properties of high frequency differences of the Brownian semistationary process under the null hypothesis. We prove the first order validity of the bootstrap method...... and in simulations we observe that the bootstrap-based hypothesis test provides considerable finite-sample improvements over an existing test that is based on a central limit theorem. This is important when studying the roughness properties of time series data; we illustrate this by applying the bootstrap method...

  5. Changing local land systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis, Cecilie; Reenberg, Anette; Heinimann, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates the direct and cascading land system consequences of a Chinese company's land acquisition for rubber cultivation in northern Laos. Transnational land acquisitions are increasingly acknowledged as an important driver of direct land use conversion with implications for local...... land-based livelihoods. The paper presents an empirical case study of the village of Na Nhang Neua in Nambak District, Luang Prabang Province, using a mixed methods approach to investigate the positive and negative implications for household agricultural strategies, income generation and food security...

  6. Rapport d’étape - Indicateurs géographiques de l’environnement alimentaire de la vente au détail pour l’intervention en santé publique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahalya Mahendra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Le groupe de travail sur les indicateurs de base de l’Association des épidémiologistes en santé publique de l’Ontario (AESPO a pour mandat d’uniformiser les définitions et les méthodes de calcul de plus de 120 indicateurs de la santé publique dans le but de fournir un cadre précis et commun à l’ensemble des bureaux de santé publique de l’Ontario pour la production de rapports sur l’état de santé des communautés. Le sous-groupe chargé de l’environnement bâti est une équipe multidisciplinaire composée de planificateurs, de chercheurs, d’analystes des politiques, de diététistes agréés, d’analystes de système d’information géographique (SIG et d’épidémiologistes. Le sous-groupe a sélectionné et opérationnalisé un certain nombre d’indicateurs objectifs et uniformes en vue d’aider les bureaux de santé publique et les autorités sanitaires régionales à évaluer les environnements alimentaires de vente au détail de leur communauté. Le sous-groupe a proposé trois indicateurs s’appuyant sur des sources de données facilement accessibles et sur des données obtenues par suite d’analyses SIG pour caractériser l’accessibilité géographique à divers types de commerces d’alimentation au détail dans des quartiers urbains. Le présent article propose un rapport d’étape sur la mise au point de ces indicateurs de l’environnement alimentaire.

  7. L’excès de l’état par rapport à la situation dans L’être et l’événement de A. Badiou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Cassou-Noguès

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article est une discussion de l’ouvrage de A. Badiou, L’être et l’événement, autour de la question du rapport de l’état (et de l’Etat à la situation. Nous commençons par rappeler la place que donne A. Badiou aux mathématiques dans son dispositif. Nous parcourons ensuite L’être et l’événement en prenant comme fil directeur cette question, du rapport de l’état à la situation. La dernière partie compare la position de A. Badiou à la tradition « épistémologique » en France et, en particulier, aux textes de Jean Cavaillès, dont A. Badiou se réclame à plusieurs reprises. L’originalité de A. Badiou dans cette tradition est sans doute sa rupture avec la perspective historique mais le problème, que cette confrontation pose, est de savoir s’il est en effet possible de couper les théories mathématiques de leur histoire, comme A. Badiou doit le faire.This paper concerns A. Badiou’s treaty, L’être et l’évenement, and the question of the relationship between “state” and “situation”. We first discuss the role that is given to mathematics in A. Badiou’s philosophy. We then read rather extensively L’être et l’événement, following our problem, the relationship between “state” and “situation”. In the last part, we compare A. Badiou’s position to the tradition of “epistemology” in France, using in particular Cavaillès’ writings. A. Badiou appears to dissociate himself from the historical perspective that made the core of this tradition of epistemology since Brunschvicg. But the problem is whether one can indeed separate mathematical theories from their history and their context, as A. Badiou, or “Badiouism”, is bound to do.    

  8. Local Laplacian Coding From Theoretical Analysis of Local Coding Schemes for Locally Linear Classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Junbiao; Qin, Lei; Zhang, Chunjie; Zhang, Weigang; Huang, Qingming; Yin, Baocai

    2015-12-01

    Local coordinate coding (LCC) is a framework to approximate a Lipschitz smooth function by combining linear functions into a nonlinear one. For locally linear classification, LCC requires a coding scheme that heavily determines the nonlinear approximation ability, posing two main challenges: 1) the locality making faraway anchors have smaller influences on current data and 2) the flexibility balancing well between the reconstruction of current data and the locality. In this paper, we address the problem from the theoretical analysis of the simplest local coding schemes, i.e., local Gaussian coding and local student coding, and propose local Laplacian coding (LPC) to achieve the locality and the flexibility. We apply LPC into locally linear classifiers to solve diverse classification tasks. The comparable or exceeded performances of state-of-the-art methods demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  9. Locality and reality

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stapp, Henry P.

    1980-10-01

    Einstein's principle that no signal travels faster than suggests that observations in one spacetime region should not depend on whether or not a radioactive decay is detected in a spacelike separated region. This locality property is incompatible with the predictions of quantum theory, and this incompatibility holds independently of the questions of realism, objective reality, and hidden variables. It holds both in the pragmatic quantum theory of Bohr and in realistic frameworks. It is shown here to hold in a completed realistic quantum theory that reconciles Einstein's demand for a description of reality itself with Bohr's contention that quantum theory is complete. This completed realistic quantum theory has no hidden variables, and no objective reality in which observable attributes can become definite independently of observers. The, theory is described in some detail, with particular attention to those aspects related to the question of locality. This completed realistic quantum theory is in principle more comprehensive than Bohr.' s pragmatic quantum theory because it is not limited in principle by the requirement that the observed system be physically separated from the observing one. Applications are discussed.

  10. Pattern Driven Stress Localization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croll, Andrew; Crosby, Alfred

    2010-03-01

    The self-assembly of patterns from isotropic initial states is a major driver of modern soft-matter research. This avenue of study is directed by the desire to understand the complex physics of the varied structures found in Nature, and by technological interest in functional materials that may be derived through biomimicry. In this work we show how a simple striped phase can respond with significant complexity to an appropriately chosen perturbation. In particular, we show how a buckled elastic plate transitions into a state of stress localization using a simple, self-assembled variation in surface topography. The collection of topographic boundaries act in concert to change the state from isotropic sinusoidal wrinkles, to sharp folds or creases separated by relatively flat regions. By varying the size of the imposed topographic pattern or the wavelength of the wrinkles, we construct a state diagram of the system. The localized state has implications for both biological systems, and for the control of non-linear pattern formation.

  11. Local moduli and singularities

    CERN Document Server

    Laudal, Olav Arnfinn

    1988-01-01

    This research monograph sets out to study the notion of a local moduli suite of algebraic objects like e.g. schemes, singularities or Lie algebras and provides a framework for this. The basic idea is to work with the action of the kernel of the Kodaira-Spencer map, on the base space of a versal family. The main results are the existence, in a general context, of a local moduli suite in the category of algebraic spaces, and the proof that, generically, this moduli suite is the quotient of a canonical filtration of the base space of the versal family by the action of the Kodaira-Spencer kernel. Applied to the special case of quasihomogenous hypersurfaces, these ideas provide the framework for the proof of the existence of a coarse moduli scheme for plane curve singularities with fixed semigroup and minimal Tjurina number . An example shows that for arbitrary the corresponding moduli space is not, in general, a scheme. The book addresses mathematicians working on problems of moduli, in algebraic or in complex an...

  12. A digital local studies collection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Resman

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Local studies and local studies departments reflect the entire spectrum of knowledge within the local community. Transition to the new digital environment means just continuing the basic functions of local studies collections: acquisition, cataloguing and preservation of materials in different formats on different media. The background of each digital library is the technical architecture of system that enables interaction between the user and the library, saving digital material and building a platform for searching and indexing digital objects. Using advanced ICT requests from librarians, designers of digital local studies collections a reflection about traditional roles. A digital local studies collection with new technology enlarges local boarders, local contents become more and more interesting for a wider sphere of people. In collecting of local materials a collaboration with archives and museums, with academic community, with community groups and with individuals comes in forefront. Digital local studies collections with their contents support local diversity, lifelong learning and social inclusion. The crucial elements of a digital local studies collection are attractive local contents with fast and simple access from one place – a portal. In the digital age public libraries become managers of knowledge also by establishing digital local studies collections.

  13. Local government reform: problematic aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. P. Sharov

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article the actual problems aspects of realization of reform of local self-government are worked up, namely: reformation of institute of local state administrations, creation of executive branches of local Rada, «technology» of realization of administrative-territorial device, place and role of strategic and project approaches, statutory and regulatory support of integrative forms of territorial communities activity, modern forms of professional communication of local government’s personal, using the potential of associations of local government’s practitioners; directions of development of human factor of reform and administrative system are analyzed in local self-government on principles of management achievements.

  14. Kvalitetsutveckling i boendet-Värdeskapande processer, Rapport från tre fallstudier : Rissne i Sundbyberg, Berga i Linköping och Gottsunda i Uppsala

    OpenAIRE

    Werner, Inga Britt

    2007-01-01

    The research on housing quality is comprehensive and broad. Residents’ evaluation of quality is studied within a variety of disciplines. There is a fairly good knowledge on a general level regarding people’s values of housing quality. Safety and security, social relations to neigh-bours, the area’s reputation as well as the design of local environment and dwelling units have been shown to be important aspects of housing quality. The overall picture of how to strike the balance between certain...

  15. Renforcer les compétences grâce à l’agriculture urbaine : rapport sur le projet Askîy

    OpenAIRE

    Wanda Martin; Lindsey Vold

    2018-01-01

    Introduction : De nombreuses villes d’Amérique du Nord ont construit un environnement donnant accès à des aliments riches en calories et laissant peu de possibilités de mener une vie active. L’agriculture urbaine contribue à un environnement favorable grâce à la culture de végétaux destinés à l’alimentation, ce qui implique leur transformation, leur entreposage, leur distribution et leur compostage. Elle constitue un moyen d’augmenter la production alimentaire locale et d’améliorer ainsi la s...

  16. Natural resources management by local associations in Ifedore local ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Management of natural resource by local associations not only in its socio ecological but also in its socio economic context will go a long way in reducing environmental degradation in some local communities. This study examined the operational capacity for natural resource management by local associations in Ifedore ...

  17. Local Agenda 21 - from global idea to local action

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoffmann, Birgitte

    1999-01-01

    The article give a status of the Danish works with Local Agenda 21 and discusses Local Agenda 21 as a planning tool. It describes the idea of Local Agenda 21 as a large meeting, which everybody attends. This picture is elaborated and discussed form different angles: the items on the agenda...

  18. Finance reform under local integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Seryohin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Revealed the essence of local finance manifested in economic relations, and their structure is a combination of local budgets, special purpose budget funds; budget funds of local governments; public funds of funds banks if their share capital formed at the expense of local governments; fund municipal enterprises, institutions and organizations. The analysis on fundamental scientific research on local budgets.Defined-purpose local governments.Systematized theoretical definition of municipal finances. Formed impact of reform of local finance to ensure the improvement of socio-economic status of the region to the European Union for more confident of Ukraine’s integration into Europe. Found that implementing fiscal policy in terms of spending, local authorities are guided by the priorities of socio-economic development of the region or administrative unit in line with national principles defined government policy document. Discovered topical issues of local budgets as the existence of significant differences in the regulatory and legislative framework - the excessive centralization of local budgets unstable sources of local revenues inadequacy of intergovernmental relations. It was found that to radically change the existing system of functioning of local budgets, as required considerable time gap and improving the theoretical and methodological and regulatory framework of the local budgets.

  19. Headphone localization of speech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Begault, Durand R.; Wenzel, Elizabeth M.

    1993-01-01

    Three-dimensional acoustic display systems have recently been developed that synthesize virtual sound sources over headphones based on filtering by head-related transfer functions (HRTFs), the direction-dependent spectral changes caused primarily by the pinnae. In this study, 11 inexperienced subjects judged the apparent spatial location of headphone-presented speech stimuli filtered with nonindividualized HRTFs. About half of the subjects 'pulled' their judgments toward either the median or the lateral-vertical planes, and estimates were almost always elevated. Individual differences were pronounced for the distance judgments; 15 to 46 percent of stimuli were heard inside the head, with the shortest estimates near the median plane. The results suggest that most listeners can obtain useful azimuth information from speech stimuli filtered by nonindividualized HRTFs. Measurements of localization error and reversal rates are comparable with a previous study that used broadband noise stimuli.

  20. Local Stellarator Equilibrium Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudson, Stuart R.; Hegna, Chris C.; Lewandowski, Jerome W.

    2000-10-01

    Extensive calculations of ballooning and drift waves spectrums in asymmetric toroidal configurations (e.g. stellarators) to appreciate the role of magnetic geometry and profile variations are usually are usually prohibitive as the evaluation of the magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) equilibrium is in itself a non-trivial problem. Although simple analytical MHD model equilibria do exist for tokamak configurations, their stellarator counterparts are usually crude or very approximate. In order to make more extensive stability calculations (of both ideal ballooning and drift-type modes), a technique for generating three-dimensional magneto-static equilibria, localized to a magnetic surface, has been developed. The technique allows one to easily manipulate various 3-D shaping and profile effects on a magnetic surface avoiding the need to recompute an entire three dimensional solution of the equilibrium. The model equilibrium has been implemented into existing ideal MHD ballooning and drift wave numerical codes. Marginal ballooning stability diagrams and drift wave calculations will be reported.

  1. Support your local species

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stärk, Johanna

    Nearly a quarter of all animal species within the European Union are threatened with extinction. Protecting many of these species will require the full spectrum of conservation actions from in-situ to ex-situ management. Holding an estimated 44% of EU Red Listed terrestrial vertebrates, zoos hereby...... play an important role in protecting local species. However, outcomes of conservation actions are often highly uncertain and if European zoos want to support the conservation of threatened species, they are faced with the question of which species to target first and which conservation strategy...... to choose. Current decision-making in resource allocation and conservation planning is often, as in many other disciplines, based on little scientific ground. Here, we propose a Decision Analysis framework to support the Ex-situ guidelines of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN. In which we assessed...

  2. Narcotics and local anesthetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamerling, S G

    1993-12-01

    The recognition and alleviation of animal pain is a growing veterinary and public concern. Pain can be of an acute or chronic nature with different behavioral manifestations. Physiologically, pain is a dynamic and complex phenomenon that produces changes in the central and autonomic nervous systems as well as in the endocrine system. Horses and other animals appear to possess an endogenous pain-suppressing system involving the brainstem and spinal cord. This system can modulate pain perception and the responses to it. The recently discovered endogenous opioid peptides (endorphins and enkephalins) appear to play a role in this system, which is activated by stress. Opioids (narcotic analgesics) act to selectively depress pain-sensitive cells. Opioid analgesics may act via multiple opioid receptors. Each subclass of opioid receptor has a different pharmacologic profile. Classical opioids that act at mu (morphine) receptors typically produce analgesia, increased locomotor activity, cardiorespiratory stimulation, and a decrease in intestinal peristalsis in the horse. Opioids that act at kappa receptors produce analgesia, sedation, ataxia, and minimal autonomic effects in the horse. Owing to their lack of excitatory actions, the kappa opioids represent a potentially useful class of analgesics for use in equine species. Local anesthetics depress all excitable cells and can diminish sensory, motor, and muscular function. They do not act selectively on pain fibers, although pain is among the first sensations lost following a nerve block. Local anesthetic activity is enhanced by increased extraneuronal pH, nerve cooling, increased nervous activity, coadministration of a vasoconstrictor or hyaluronidase, delayed systemic absorption, prolonged drug metabolism, and by using agents with high lipid solubility. Procaine, lidocaine, and mepivacaine are among the most widely used and studied agents in horses. These agents and/or their metabolites can be readily detected in urine; in

  3. Report on the future planning of on-shore sites for wind power plants. [Denmark]; Rapport om fremtidens planlaegning for vindmoeller pae land

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-01

    A working group appointed by the Minister for the Environment has looked at a number of challenges with municipal planning for new onshore wind turbines. The reason was a desire to review the existing planning basis in order to assess the opportunities and constraints found in the current regulations, on which the wind turbine planning is based. The intention has been to look at whether municipalities have the right planning tools to help to ensure the government's objectives for the continued expansion of wind turbines onshore, and whether new planning tools can be identified. In addition, there has been a desire to bring attention to a good planning process with a positive citizen participation and a fact-based information effort, because there often in the context of local and municipal planning emerges local discussions about the proper placement of new wind turbines. With this report the working group make a number of recommendations to the Minister for the Environment. The recommendations deal with proposals for clarification of the rules (the wind turbine directive and the instructions to the directive), proposals for new planning tools, and proposals for new forms of cooperation and information efforts. The review of the current regulations shows that municipalities generally have the tools they need for planning for siting wind turbines, but there is a need for some adjustments and clarifications of the wind turbine directive. No proposed extensive changes in the laws are proposed, but the working group propose a change of the rural zone regulations. (LN)

  4. Prize something, including quality. The price of supply interruption. On the search for {phi}. Technical report; Op prijs gesteld, maar ook op kwaliteit. De prijs van stroomonderbrekingen. Op zoek naar {phi}. Technisch rapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baarsma, B.E.; Berkhout, P.H.G.; Hop, J.P.

    2004-04-01

    The Dutch Office of Energy Regulation (DTe) plans to adjust the present regulations with regard to regional electricity network companies. In 2002 an integrated model for pricing and quality regulations is drafted, which is expected to be implemented in 2005. This report serves as input for such a model. Quality is defined in terms of electricity supply disruptions. The aim of the study on the title subject is to determine prices for different types of power supply disruptions. The study is based on a survey among 12,400 households and nearly 2,500 small and medium-sized businesses in the Netherlands. [Dutch] De Dienst uitvoering en Toezicht energie (DTe) is voornemens om de huidige regelgeving ten aanzien van de regionale elektriciteitsnetbedrijven aan te passen. Hiertoe zijn in 2002 verkenningen voor een geintegreerd prijs- en kwaliteitsreguleringsmodel opgesteld, dat naar verwachting begin 2005 worden ingevoerd. Dit rapport dient als input voor het kwaliteitsreguleringsmodel. Kwaliteit is hier gedefinieerd in termen van stroomonderbrekingen. Het doel van het onderzoek is om prijskaartjes vast te stellen voor verschillende soorten stroomonderbrekingen. Zo kunnen de onderbrekingskosten verschillen afhankelijk van bijvoorbeeld het tijdstip (dagdeel, dag van de week, seizoen), de duur van de onderbreking, het wel of niet ontvangen van een waarschuwing vooraf en het aantal onderbrekingen. Het onderzoek is gebaseerd op een enquete onder 12.400 huishoudens en bijna 2500 MKB-bedrijven.

  5. Local communities as meso structures.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferrand, Alexis

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available In between micro and macro levels: meso. If macro is defined by national, state or market regulation, and micro by relational interpersonnal regulation, a major agency of intermediate regulation has been defined as "local communities" (Wellmann, Fischer. Apart the organizational (local organizations, clubs, shops... and institutional (local power, parties,... dimensions of localities, it is possible to define some pertinent structural properties of systems of private interpersonal relations : one is the degree of local closure (Barnes : local vs transversal networks, or the "duality" of these systems. Grounded on the idea that the efficiency of "bridges" rest upon the kind of cliques they connect (Lin, it is possible to define various types of micro-structures, the distributions of which in different localities are proxy indicators of the different meso structures of relational systems as combinations of "local" and "unlocal" networks.

  6. Local Climatological Data ACSII Format

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Comma-delimited text files used to create the Local Climatological Data PDF files found in the Local Climatological Data library. Period of record begins in 1998,...

  7. Un Canada et un Québec qui conjuguent le passé différemment : le poids du passé dans le rapport préliminaire de la Commission royale d’enquête sur le bilinguisme et le biculturalisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérie Lapointe-Gagnon

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet article s’articule autour d’une source, le rapport préliminaire de la Commission royale d’enquête sur le bilinguisme et le biculturalisme, qui permet, à l’aide de bribes de témoignages de citoyens canadiens et de l’analyse des commissaires, de pénétrer les mémoires québécoise et canadienne, qui évoluent en vases clos. Paru en 1965, le rapport préliminaire révèle au grand jour l’intensité de la crise canadienne, une intensité telle qu’elle menace, aux yeux des commissaires, l’unité du pays. Comment se manifestent les traces du passé au sein du rapport ? Qu’est-ce que le document révèle sur les mémoires canadienne et québécoise ? Où la crise décrite par les commissaires puise-t-elle sa source ? Tels sont les questionnements qui nous intéresseront. À travers l’analyse du rapport préliminaire, se dégage toute la complexité des rapports canado-québécois. Se dégage également des pistes de solutions qui sont encore criantes d’actualité.This article is about a source, the Preliminary Report of the Royal Commission on Bilinguism and Biculturalism, that permits to enter, through the fragments of testimonies of Canadian citizens and their analysis by the commissers, in the Quebecers and Canadians’ memories, which evolve in two ways apart. Published in 1965, the Preliminary Report had the effect of a bomb in revealing the intensity of the Canadian crisis, which threatens, according to the commissers, the Canadian unity. How does the tracks of past manifest themselves within the report? What does the document reveal on the Canadian and Quebecois memories? Where does the crisis described by commissers draws its source? Such are the questionings which will interest us. Through the analysis of the preliminary report, all the complexity of the Canado-Quebecois connections is appearing. Also appears some solutions which are still of a profound actuality.

  8. Inference for local autocorrelations in locally stationary models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhibiao

    2015-04-01

    For non-stationary processes, the time-varying correlation structure provides useful insights into the underlying model dynamics. We study estimation and inferences for local autocorrelation process in locally stationary time series. Our constructed simultaneous confidence band can be used to address important hypothesis testing problems, such as whether the local autocorrelation process is indeed time-varying and whether the local autocorrelation is zero. In particular, our result provides an important generalization of the R function acf() to locally stationary Gaussian processes. Simulation studies and two empirical applications are developed. For the global temperature series, we find that the local autocorrelations are time-varying and have a "V" shape during 1910-1960. For the S&P 500 index, we conclude that the returns satisfy the efficient-market hypothesis whereas the magnitudes of returns show significant local autocorrelations.

  9. [Local treatment of liver tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pless, T.K.; Skjoldbye, Bjørn Ole

    2008-01-01

    Local treatment of non-resectable liver tumors is common. This brief review describes the local treatment techniques used in Denmark. The techniques are evaluated according to the evidence in literature. The primary local treatment is Radiofrequency Ablation of both primary liver tumors and liver...

  10. Business Models for Local Foods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Esbjerg, Lars; Pedersen, Maja; Pederson, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Interest in local foods is growing, but there has been limited research on who and why producers of local foods thrive or struggle. A particularly important problem for local food producers is how to reach end consumers, as they often find it difficult to work with the retail chains that dominate...

  11. Fostering future organization of French Electric Power. A report to Prime Minister; Reussir la future organisation electrique francaise. Rapport au Premier Ministre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dumont, Jean Louis [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    1998-07-02

    This report addressed to the prime minister deals with the main four issues relating to the problem of revamping the French electricity sector. These are featured as: 1. The public electricity supply; 2. The future development of 'Electricite de France'; 3. The social renovation of the electricity sector; 4. Management and the role of policy. In turn these four chapters are detailed. Thus the first one addresses the problems: 1. Customizing the general interest supply; 2. Electricity general supply and the state policy; 3. Sustaining innovation, environmental protection and energy management; 4. The transport and distribution grid, the resistance structure of the public supply. Also, this chapter describes the role of the operators in the public electricity supply and tackles the problem of financing the commitments of the public supply. The second chapter sketches the tasks and management of EDF, considers establishing an agency to ensure accounting transparency, discusses the major significance of local collectivities and personnel. The third chapter addresses the following issues: 1. The range of application of the statute of electric and gas industries; 2. Adaptation of the statute; 3. Development of the statute; 4. Pensioners. The forth chapter deals with the definition of regulation, i.e. the management of the network authority and makes proposals for constituting relating commissions. In conclusion, the author pleads for maintaining and developing a major national operator ensuring public supply requirements as well as promotion of French electricity industry. The proposals made by the report's author concerning the operational ways of renewing the nuclear sector, the management of grid of electric transport, the role of local collectivities, creation of a professional trade, the founding regulation commissions and others are thought to prepare France to cope efficiently to the international competition in the years to come. The report is

  12. Local community, mobility and belonging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Anja; Arp Fallov, Mia; Knudsen, Lisbeth B.

    2011-01-01

    the marginalised groups as contained in local neighbourhoods,while ascribing freedom and reflexivity exclusively to the middle and upper classes.The study of local communities in urban environments has a long tradition in the science of sociology and it is concluded that revitalizing and methodologically updating...... the classic Chicago school of sociology can create a productive approach to the study of local community, mobility and belonging.......The purpose of this article is to pose some theoretical questions to the relations between local community, mobility and belonging.In continuation the methodological implications of the theoretical debate are discussed.The article also outlines different perspectives on local neighbourhoods...

  13. Turismo y desarrollo local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Díaz

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El turismo constituye motor de desarrollo local en áreas rurales, según se desprende de la experiencia del municipio de San Francisco Zapotitlán, en el departamento de Retalhuleu, en Guatemala, donde se ubica el centro recreativo IRTRA, que recibe tantos visitantes como turistas extranjeros el país. Dicho municipio registra una reducción importante, mayor a los demás municipios, en el nivel de incidencia de la pobreza, entre 1998 y 2006. La hipótesis que se sostiene en este artículo es que dicha caída se asocia al derrame económico que genera el turismo, en especial interno. A efecto de comprobar dicha hipótesis, se realiza un contraste de diferencia de medias proporcionales, del municipio analizado respecto a los otros municipios del departamento, en lo que respecta al nivel de pobreza y su reducción. Los resultados no permiten rechazar la hipótesis formulada.

  14. Energy management in the patrimonial buildings of European territorial organizations in the framework of markets liberalization. Economic study of financial incentive mechanisms in favor of energy efficiency investment; Gestion de l'energie au sein du patrimoine bati des collectivites territoriales europeennes dans le cadre de la liberalisation des marches. Etude economique des mecanismes financiers favorisant l'investissement dans l'efficacite energetique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gayral, L

    2005-12-15

    The territorial and patrimonial components of energy savings are not well developed because many barriers - political, organisational and financial - prevent investments in energy efficiency. Although investing in the improvement of the energy efficiency of their public buildings is a rational process, the local authorities are far from systematically carrying out this type of investment. Their limited investment capacity, associated to the lack of spare capital to finance their projects leads them to a 'vicious circle of energy wasting'. Our thesis analyzes the economic and financial tools a local authority can use to invest and enter a 'virtuous circle of energy efficiency'. Our topic deals with the financing of energy efficiency investments at a local level. We describe with details the functioning of each financial mechanism indexed. We illustrate their implementation within European municipalities through many case studies. Finally, we suggest recommendations for their broad reproducibility within French local authorities. (author)

  15. Locally conformal symplectic manifolds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izu Vaisman

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available A locally conformal symplectic (l. c. s. manifold is a pair (M2n,Ω where M2n(n>1 is a connected differentiable manifold, and Ω a nondegenerate 2-form on M such that M=⋃αUα (Uα- open subsets. Ω/Uα=eσαΩα, σα:Uα→ℝ, dΩα=0. Equivalently, dΩ=ω∧Ω for some closed 1-form ω. L. c. s. manifolds can be seen as generalized phase spaces of Hamiltonian dynamical systems since the form of the Hamilton equations is, in fact, preserved by homothetic canonical transformations. The paper discusses first Hamiltonian vector fields, and infinitesimal automorphisms (i. a. on l. c. s. manifolds. If (M,Ω has an i. a. X such that ω(X≠0, we say that M is of the first kind and Ω assumes the particular form Ω=dθ−ω∧θ. Such an M is a 2-contact manifold with the structure forms (ω,θ, and it has a vertical 2-dimensional foliation V. If V is regular, we can give a fibration theorem which shows that M is a T2-principal bundle over a symplectic manifold. Particularly, V is regular for some homogeneous l. c. s, manifolds, and this leads to a general construction of compact homogeneous l. c. s, manifolds. Various related geometric results, including reductivity theorems for Lie algebras of i. a. are also given. Most of the proofs are adaptations of corresponding proofs in symplectic and contact geometry. The paper ends with an Appendix which states an analogous fibration theorem in Riemannian geometry.

  16. Indigeneity: global and local.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merlan, Francesca

    2009-06-01

    The term indigenous, long used to distinguish between those who are "native" and their "others" in specific locales, has also become a term for a geocultural category, presupposing a world collectivity of "indigenous peoples" in contrast to their various "others." Many observers have noted that the stimuli for internationalization of the indigenous category originated principally from particular nation-states-Anglo-American settler colonies and Scandinavia. All, I argue, are relevantly political cultures of liberal democracy and weighty (in different ways) in international institutional affairs. However, international indigeneity has not been supported in any unqualified way by actions taken in the name of several nation-states that were among its main points of origin. In fact, staunch resistance to the international indigenous project has recently come from four of them. In 2007, the only four voting countries to reject the main product of international indigenist activity over the past 30 years, the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, were Australia, the United States, Canada, and New Zealand. In these locations, forms of "indigenous relationship" emerged that launched international indigeneity and that strongly influenced international perceptions of what "indigeneity" is and who "indigenous peoples" may be. Some other countries say the model of indigenous relationship that they see represented by the "establishing" set is inapplicable to themselves (but have nonetheless had to take notice of expanding internationalist indigenism). The apparently paradoxical rejection of the draft declaration by the establishing countries is consistent with the combination of enabling and constraining forces that liberal democratic political cultures offer.

  17. Les collectivités progressent lorsque les ordinateurs « parlent leur ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    6 nov. 2012 ... Ils peuvent maintenant accéder à des services gouvernementaux offerts en ligne et présenter leurs demandes d'admission à des collèges sans avoir à s'engager sur le chemin périlleux de la ville. En outre, leurs enfants acquièrent des compétences en informatique qui pourraient leur ouvrir de meilleures ...

  18. Aider les collectivités rurales de la Tunisie à lutter contre la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    5 mai 2016 ... Tandis que les changements climatiques et les problèmes d'irrigation exercent des pressions croissantes en Tunisie rurale, un projet de recherche ... est devenue un problème de santé publique majeur en Tunisie au fur et à mesure que l'utilisation des terres, les pratiques de gestion de l'eau et les ...

  19. Participation des collectivités urbaines à la lutte contre la dengue en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    des mesures visant à contrer le risque de transmission de la dengue, ... Dans le cadre de l'analyse situationnelle, les chercheurs ... et non seulement les larves, au stade de développement antérieur. – pour déterminer quels types de contenants d'eau posent le plus de risques. Par exemple, les taux d'infestation les plus ...

  20. Bilan social des services sanitaires dans les collectivités de deux ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC and BetterEvaluation launch an interactive guide to manage evaluations. IDRC's support of BetterEvaluation, an international collaboration to improve evaluation practice and theory, has resulted in an online guide for an often overlooked group of people who greatly... View moreIDRC and BetterEvaluation launch an ...

  1. Aider les collectivités rurales de la Tunisie à lutter contre la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La leishmaniose cutanée zoonotique (LCZ) se répand. Cette maladie à transmission vectorielle, qui laisse des cicatrices, est devenue un problème de santé publique majeur en. Tunisie au fur et à mesure que l'utilisation des terres, les pra- tiques de gestion de l'eau et les changements climatiques ont créé des conditions ...

  2. Aider les collectivités riveraines de l'Amazone à composer avec les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 nov. 2013 ... Leur revenu a augmenté considérablement au cours des dix dernières années grâce à un certain nombre de mécanismes de transferts en espèces, tels que la Bolsa Família (subvention familiale), Seguro-Defeso (une assurance offerte aux petits pêcheurs pendant la saison du frai) et les pensions.

  3. Communiquer les risques associés au climat aux collectivités ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 mai 2015 ... Le Vietnam est particulièrement vulnérable aux changements climatiques et à la hausse du niveau des océans qui en découle, puisqu'une partie importante de sa population vit dans les basses terres des deltas et le long de la côte, des zones à haut risque. En 2011, d'importantes inondations ont ...

  4. Les effets des grandes exploitations minières sur les collectivités ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    15 juil. 2011 ... L'activité minière fait partie de la culture chilienne depuis l'époque précoloniale. Mais, après que le gouvernement eut instauré des stimulants à l'investissement dans les années 1980, le paysage minier du Chili s'est radicalement transformé avec l'arrivée massive de sociétés étrangères venues explorer ...

  5. L'émancipation des femmes et des collectivités africaines par l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 nov. 2011 ... De concert avec des institutions financières et des organisations non gouvernementales, des gestionnaires de projet ont travaillé à l'établissement de « banques ... C'est là qu'elle s'est rendu compte de la marginalisation des femmes en ce qui a trait à la prise de décision et à la planification des projets.

  6. Bilan social des services sanitaires dans les collectivités de deux ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cette subvention servira à financer un " bilan social " de référence du rendement des services de santé dans deux districts de l'Afghanistan. La méthode ... Le but : faire la démonstration d'un outil de planification fondée sur des données probantes et de la façon dont il peut servir à accroître la qualité des services de santé.

  7. L'émancipation des femmes et des collectivités africaines par l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Helping Moroccan women preserve the argan tree at the gateway to the Sahara. The argan tree, Argania spinosa, is a species native to Morocco and the second most common tree in the country. View moreHelping Moroccan women preserve the argan tree at the gateway to the Sahara ...

  8. Partenariat Canada-Caraïbes sur l'adaptation des collectivités aux ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Produire des données (par exemple des scénarios de changements climatiques à échelle réduite, des données à haute résolution sur l'élévation du niveau des océans et la cartographie des risques qui y sont associés, la cartographie des valeurs sociales et culturelles, la méthode du chemin critique) pour évaluer de façon ...

  9. Localized granuloma annulare and autoimmune thyroiditis in a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nous présentons dans ce travail, un rapport d'une femme saoudienne qui était atteinte d'une auto-immunite thyroidite associée au GA. On a soigné le patient avec propionate clobetasol, prednisolone intra-lesional et néomercasol. Il y avait un résolution complète des lesions GA et le patient était resté euthyroidie après ...

  10. Local fiscal distress and investment efficiency of local SOEs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinxin Liao

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we use A-share listed firms between 2002 and 2010 to investigate the relationship between local fiscal distress and the investment efficiency of local SOEs, along with the effect of corporate tax payments on this relationship. We find a positive relationship between the extent of local SOEs’ overinvestment and the fiscal distress of the corresponding local government where the enterprise and this relationship become stronger for firms that pay fewer taxes. The pattern of underinvestment among local SOEs was in contrast, and these relationships do not exist for non-SOEs or central SOEs. Moreover, we find that expanding a firm’s investment scale leads to an increase in total taxes paid, including income and turnover taxes, which further result in more local fiscal revenue. Overall, we conclude that local governments have an incentive to increase fiscal revenue when faced with fiscal distress by raising the investment scale of local SOEs and that the incentives and effects of such interventions appear to be stronger among firms that contribute less to local fiscal revenue.

  11. A Local Galilean Invariant Thermostat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groot, Robert D

    2006-05-01

    The thermostat introduced recently by Stoyanov and Groot (J. Chem. Phys. 2005, 122, 114112) is analyzed for inhomogeneous systems. This thermostat has one global feature, because the mean temperature used to drive the system toward equilibrium is a global average. The consequence is that the thermostat locally conserves energy rather than temperature. Thus, local temperature variations can be long-lived, although they do average out by thermal diffusion. To obtain a faster local temperature equilibration, a truly local thermostat must be introduced. To conserve momentum and, hence, to simulate hydrodynamic interactions, the thermostat must be Galilean invariant. Such a local Galilean invariant thermostat is studied here. It is shown that, by defining a local temperature on each particle, the ensemble is locally isothermal. The local temperature is obtained from a local square velocity average around each particle. Simulations on the ideal gas show that this local Nosé-Hoover algorithm has a similar artifact as dissipative particle dynamics:  the ideal gas pair correlation function is slightly distorted. This is attributed to the fact that the thermostat compensates fluctuations that are natural within a small cluster of particles. When the cutoff range rc for the square velocity average is increased, systematic errors decrease proportionally to rc(-)(3/2); hence, the systematic error can be made arbitrary small.

  12. Crise cotonnière en Centrafrique et choix des agriculteurs en fonction de leur localisation par rapport à la ville

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mbétid-Bessane, E.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Cotton Crisis in Central African Republic and Choice of Farmers According to their Location to the City. A study on the choice cropping pattern by farmers as compared to their location to the city, following the cotton crisis of 1998, has been conducted in Central African Republic. After having chosen 92 producer groups around two cities distributed in 4 concentric circles, a collection of statistics and surveys have been realised during three agricultural campaigns. Regressions of surfaces and production to distances of farms to the city have been calculated. Results show the dependence between cultivated surfaces, production and distance to the city. The more a farm is far from the city, the more its cotton surface and its production increase while the share of food crops surface decreases. An increase by 10 km of the position of a farm from the city entails an increase by 5.8 ares of its cotton surface and by 58.8 kg of its cotton production while a diminution of 4% is observed in the surface of food crops. Farms located far from the city choose a cotton strategy while those located close to the city choose to develop a "food crops" strategy. The local socio-economic context of farms in term of proximity to the market plays a determining role in the decision-making of farmers.

  13. Localized structure of Euglena bioconvection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iima, Makoto; Shoji, Erika; Awazu, Akinori; Nishimori, Hiraku; Izumi, Shunsuke; Hiroshima University Collaboration

    2013-11-01

    Bioconvection of a suspension of Euglena gracilis, a photosensitive flagellate whose body length is approximately 50 micrometers, was experimentally studied. Under strong light intensity, Euglena has a negative phototaxis; they tend to go away from the light source. When the bright illumination is given from the bottom, a large scale spatio-temporal pattern is generated as a result of interaction between Euglena and surrounding flow. Recently, localized convection pattern had been reported, however, the generation process and interaction of the localized convection cells has not been analyzed. We performed experimental study to understand the localization mechanism, in particular, the onset of bioconvection and lateral localization behavior due to phototaxis. Experiments started from different initial condition suggests a bistability near the onset of the convection as binary fluid convection that also shows localized convection cells. Dynamics of localized convections cells, which is similar to the binary fluid convection case although the basic equations are not the same, is also reported.

  14. Local initiative extrapolated to nation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wittchen, Kim Bjarne; Kragh, Jesper; Brøgger, Morten

    In the municipality of Sønderborg, in the southern part of Jutland, there is a shining example initiated in 2007, ProjectZero, of a local initiative that have resulted in extensive energy savings in residential buildings and at the same time created local workplaces. The intension with the pilot...... is to investigate the possible energy reduction in Denmark if the same approach was made for the entire Danish building stock. Deployment of this methodology on national scale will not be straight forward as it requires strong local support. In Sønderborg the local business and clean-tech companies have strongly...... supported the project. Additionally, one of the driving forces has been the creation of something unique among the local residents and feeling to be able to create local unity. This cannot easily be made nationally. Never the less, playing with the idea about a nationwide dissemination will demonstrate...

  15. Global/Local Dynamic Models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pfeffer, A; Das, S; Lawless, D; Ng, B

    2006-10-10

    Many dynamic systems involve a number of entities that are largely independent of each other but interact with each other via a subset of state variables. We present global/local dynamic models (GLDMs) to capture these kinds of systems. In a GLDM, the state of an entity is decomposed into a globally influenced state that depends on other entities, and a locally influenced state that depends only on the entity itself. We present an inference algorithm for GLDMs called global/local particle filtering, that introduces the principle of reasoning globally about global dynamics and locally about local dynamics. We have applied GLDMs to an asymmetric urban warfare environment, in which enemy units form teams to attack important targets, and the task is to detect such teams as they form. Experimental results for this application show that global/local particle filtering outperforms ordinary particle filtering and factored particle filtering.

  16. Locality of entangled polymer dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsang, Chi Hang Boyce; Jiang, Lingxiang; Granick, Steve

    2014-03-01

    A combination of sparse and full fluorescence labeling of entangled actin solutions (filaments about 15 μm long at 1 mg/ml concentration) allowed us to probe both filament-scale polymer dynamics and effectively monomer dynamics. On the filament scale, the reptation tube idea of classical polymer physics works well. However, on a local scale comparable to mesh size, local tube width fluctuation becomes important. For the first time, the dependence of longitudinal diffusion on local tube width was quantified.

  17. Non-local cosmological evolutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carreras, M. Sanfrutos; Cembranos, J. A. R.

    2012-07-01

    The cosmological evolution of a non-local model is investigated. As it is standard in the early Universe, we assume the thermalization of the source of the Friedmann equation. In such a case, the non-local correction to the classic Einstein-Hilbert action can be locally represented by a non-standard thermal fluid. We give a particular realization of this idea by using the p-adic string model.

  18. Reversible Destruction of Dynamical Localization

    OpenAIRE

    Lignier, Hans; Chabé, Julien; Delande, Dominique; Garreau, Jean Claude; Szriftgiser, Pascal

    2005-01-01

    4 pages, 2 eps figures (color); Dynamical localization is a localization phenomenon taking place, for example, in the quantum periodically-driven kicked rotor. It is due to subtle quantum destructive interferences and is thus of intrinsic quantum origin. It has been shown that deviation from strict periodicity in the driving rapidly destroys dynamical localization. We report experimental results showing that this destruction is partially reversible when the deterministic perturbation that des...

  19. Substances toxiques persistantes (PTS dans les corps gras : État des lieux d’après le rapport du programme des Nations-Unies pour l’environnement (PNUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narbonne Jean François

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Depuis plus de trente ans, une attention croissante a été portée sur les risques pour la santé humaine posés par la contamination de l’environnement par les substances toxiques persistantes (PTS. Ces composés persistent pendant de longues périodes dans les compartiments abiotiques et biotiques, sont transportés sur de longues distances depuis leurs points sources et s’accumulent chez l’homme et les organismes via les chaînes alimentaires. En 1997, le PNUE propose une liste initiale de 12 substances appelées polluants organiques persistants (POPs : aldrine, endrine, dieldrine, chordane, DDT, heptachlore, toxaphène, mirex, hexachlorobenzène, PCBs, dioxines (PCDDs, furanes (PCDFs. En 2001, de nouveaux composés sont ajoutés sur la liste des PTS en fonction de leurs caractéristiques comme la liposolubilité, leur résistance à la dégradation, leur forte toxicité ou la constance des apports : hexachlorohexane, PAHs, endosulfan, pentachlorophénol, formes organiques des métaux lourds : mercure, étain et plomb, phtalates, PBDEs\\\\PBBs, chlordécone, alkyl phénols, atrazine. Les sources de PTS sont diverses : (1 Utilisation de produits chimiques industriels comme les pesticides ou les emballages, (2 Réservoirs historiques déjà présents dans l’environnement essentiellement dans les sols et les sédiments ou sous forme de stocks périmés, (3 Sous-produits de process, en particulier comme contaminants indésirables de procédés industriels et de combustion. La France a été associée au rapport de la région IV méditerranéenne. Les niveaux dans les compartiments de l’environnement sont rapportés et l’exposition de l’homme via l’alimentation (vecteur essentiel est estimée en fonction des données collectées. Une évaluation des risques associés a été faite quand les données étaient suffisantes (PAHs, PCBs, PCDD\\\\F, Me Hg. Les lipides apparaissent comme vecteurs majeurs des PTS à travers la cha

  20. Report for the Prime Minister. Making the future French electric power organization a success; Rapport au Premier Ministre. Reussir la future organisation electrique francaise

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dumont, J.L

    1998-12-31

    This report from the French Deputy of the Meuse region aims at taking stock of four main questions raised by the future organization of the French electric power industry in the context of the opening of the European power market: the public utility of electric power, the future missions of Electricite de france (EdF) company, the questions in relation with the personnel status in the electric power industry, and the status of the regulating authority. In order to give some elements of answer to these questions, the report has been divided into 2 parts: part 1 presents the power production, transport and distribution in the future electric power regulation (the renewal of nuclear facilities, the building of non-nuclear units, the exploitation of the power distribution network, the accounting dissociation and the transparency of accountancy, the organization of network access, the eligible clients, the direct power lines, the obligations of purchase, the distribution and the role of local authorities). Part 2 presents the four main stakes of the modernization of the French electric power sector: the electric power public utility (public concern and rights, government policy, sustain of innovation, environment protection and energy mastery, the transportation and distribution networks, the role of operators and the financing), the future evolution of EdF (missions and organization, future of the public company), the social modernization of the electric power sector (present day status, adaptation, evolution, pensions), the organization and role of the future regulation authority. The propositions of the author are reported in the appendix. (J.S.)

  1. Local Government System in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir V. Redko

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the issues of the activities of the local government of Japan. Particular attention is drawn to the legal framework and the material basis for the functioning of local self-government bodies. The system of local self-government is considered as a special form of self-government with a specific functional and meaning; system of municipal management and delegation of authority, as well as features of interaction between civil and imperious levels. The allocation of the city with a special status, as well as the financial structure of the local government of Japan, is considered in detail.

  2. A Parameter Study of Localization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandor Stephen Mester

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Extensive work has been done on the vibration characteristics of perfectly periodic structures. Disorder in the periodic pattern has been found to lead to localization in one-dimensional periodic structures. It is important to understand localization because it causes energy to be concentrated near the disorder and may cause an overestimation of structural damping. A numerical study is conducted to obtain a better understanding of localization. It is found that any mode, even the first, can localize due to the presence of small imperfections.

  3. Local democracy in large municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thuesen, Annette Aagaard

    2017-01-01

    development plans. Based on a concrete study of plan development by two sub-municipal local councils in two Danish municipalities, drawing upon insights from outcome-oriented deliberate democratic theory, this article provides recommendations for a potential structure for sub-municipal democracy in large......Municipal amalgamations in Denmark in 2007 led to concern for local rural democracy, as the number of politicians from rural areas dropped after the reform. To preserve rural democracy, local councils at the village level were established in some municipalities, and they have begun to prepare local...

  4. Local government autonomy and development of localities in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The topical issue of local government (LG) autonomy in Nigeria in relation to the development of the localities, the raison d'etre of LGs, has been examined in this paper. Proceeding from theoretical framework and conceptualizations for clearer understanding, the paper discusses some dominant autonomy issues.

  5. Globalization vs. localization: global food challenges and local sollutions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Quaye, W.; Jongerden, J.P.; Essegbey, G.; Ruivenkamp, G.T.P.

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the effect of global-local interactions on food production and consumption in Ghana, and identify possible local solutions. Primary data were collected using a combination of quantitative-qualitative methods, which included focus group discussions and

  6. "Local" politics in Jakarta: anomaly from Indonesia's local politics?

    OpenAIRE

    Okamoto, Masaaki; Honna, Jun

    2014-01-01

    "This special issue attempts to go beyond short essays and conduct a deeper analysis of Jakarta’s local politics. Some of the contributions show the peculiarities of Jakartan politics, while others identify similarities with other local politics in Indonesia." (author's abstract)

  7. Local government autonomy and development of localities in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    OSA IDEHEN

    Proceeding from theoretical framework and conceptualizations for clearer ... Introduction. The definition of local government (LG) by the Nigerian Federal Government leaves one with no iota of doubt that it is ... the substantial control of local governments (LGs) is aimed at staff, institutional and financial matters, among others.

  8. Rapport. Sur le droit à l’appréciation critique et sur les restrictions légitimes de l’importunité de l'homosexualité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhaïl N. Kouznetsov

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Dans le présent Rapport on entend par la notion “homosexualité” sa plus large et spécifique signification en tant que “l’ideologie de l'homosexualisme”. SOMMAIRE: Introduction - 1. Argumentation du droit à l’évaluation critique de l'homosexualité et de ses aspects sociaux - 2. Caractère agressif de l'idéologie de l'homosexualisme - 3. Atteinte cruelle et inhumaine de lésions corporelles portée à l’individu, les dommages à sa santé dans la pratique de l'homosexualité ”masculine” - 4. Sur la manipulation par les chiffres - 5.  Mythe sur la discriminations massives des homosexuels - 6. Violation des Droits de l’Homme et insulte à la dignité humaine pendant les ”gay parades” - 7. Normes de la législation étrangère, émanant de la reconnaissance par l'État des méfaits sociaux de l'homosexualité - 8. Positions juridiques de la Cour Européenne des Droits de l'Homme ayant le point d’impact sur l’élaboration des solutions à propos des questions à discuter - 9. Contradiction à ”l’Ordre public” de la Fédération de Russie des exigences d'établir des régimes juridiques privilégiés pour les homosexuels et leurs groupements et de poursuivre pour toute critique de l'homosexualité – 10. Conclusions.

  9. String-localized quantum fields and modular localization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mund, J. [Juiz de Fora Univ., MG (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica; Schroer, B. [FU-Berlin, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Yngvason, J. [Erwin Schroedinger Institute for Mathematical Physics, Vienna (Austria)

    2005-12-15

    We study free, covariant, quantum (Bose) fields that are associated with irreducible representations of the Poincare group and localized in semi-infinite strings extending to spacelike infinity. Among these are fields that generate the irreducible representations of mass zero and infinite spin that are known to be incompatible with point-like localized fields. For the massive representation and the massless representations of finite helicity, all string-localized free fields can be written as an integral, along the string, of point-localized tensor or spinor fields. As a special case we discuss the string-localized vector fields associated with the point-like electromagnetic field and their relation to the axial gauge condition in the usual setting. (author)

  10. Méthodes de soin actives et préventives. Apports des maîtres rituels javanais et rapport au développement Active and Prophylactic Cares. A Case Study of Javanese Masters’ Techniques and the Link to Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marc de Grave

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available D’après un cas d’étude javanais, l’auteur propose une réflexion sur le caractère actif ou passif du rapport à la santé avec les conséquences sociales que cela revêt. Dans un premier temps, l’article présente une classification des soignants et l’arrière-plan socioculturel des pratiques de soin javanaises ; il présente aussi les conceptions javanaises de la maladie, finalement peu prises en compte dans les travaux préalables et se trouvant parfois en bute aux systèmes de valeurs de certaines tendances de l’islam. Ceci sert d’introduction à une ethnographie de première main sur des maîtres rituels et des maîtres d’arts martiaux javanais, les techniques thérapeutiques qu’ils utilisent et qu’ils enseignent – liées à l’initiation rituelle, aux cultes locaux, à la méditation, aux exercices du souffle, à la phytothérapie –, ainsi que le public auquel ils s’adressent. Les différents exemples décrits indiquent clairement qu’une tendance sélective des techniques se met en place depuis une vingtaine d’années, tendance qui s’accompagne dans certains cas d’une sécularisation et d’une standardisation ; cette modification permet à un public élargi de pratiquer les soins de façon active pour soi-même et pour les proches. Une tendance plus récente des praticiens consiste à afficher des tarifs pour se faire payer en monnaie moderne, ce qui a pour effet d’induire un nouveau type de passivité en matière de santé. La question est alors posée de savoir si la standardisation des techniques de « tradi-praticiens » telle qu’elle est induite par l’action de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé ne risque pas finalement de renforcer le caractère passif des patients à l’égard de pratiques qui fonctionnaient pour beaucoup sur un principe actif.Drawing from a Javanese case study, the article proposes a reflection on the active or passive character developed towards one’s health

  11. Tongue Twisters and Local Beliefs

    OpenAIRE

    Bkra shis bzang po

    2009-01-01

    O rgyan dban phyugs provides examples of tongue twisters and discusses local folk beliefs This collection of 77 audio files focuses on weddings and weddings speeches but also contains: folk tales, folk songs, riddles, tongue twisters, and local history from Bang smad Village and Ri sne Village, Bang smad Township, Nyag rong County World Oral Literature Project

  12. 'Global' norms and 'local' agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Björkdahl, Annika; Gusic, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    in post-conflict Kosovo provides the backdrop for the theoretical discussion that identifies friction in norm diffusion processes and the different agencies that are generated through encounters between global norms and local practices. We unpack the interplay between the 'global' and the 'local...

  13. Space-based RSS localization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Havinga, Paul J.M.; Dil, B.J.

    2014-01-01

    The present invention relates to a method and a device for localization of a node having an unknown position. More in particular, the present invention relates 5 to a method and a device in which a mobile blind node is used to determine the position of a fixed blind node within a localization area,

  14. Is Local Community the Answer?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Ole; Olwig, Mette Fog

    2015-01-01

    This article critically examines claims that “local community” and “local/traditional knowledge” are vital contributions to safeguarding socio-economic stability and securing sustainable resource uses in times of stress. The empirical focus is on Central Vietnam, but the argument is relevant...

  15. Regional power and local ecologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lawrence, D.; Philip, G.; Wilkinson, K.

    2017-01-01

    Archaeological data tend to be gathered at the local level: human agency also operates at this scale. By combining data from multiple surveys conducted within a larger area, it is possible to use local datasets to obtain a perspective on regional trends in settlement, population, and human activi...

  16. Global Policies and Local Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasche, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    networks that are embedded in a wider global network, I argue that tighter couplings (within local networks) and looser couplings (between local networks) coexist. Second, I suggest that this coexistence of couplings enables MSIs to generate policy outcomes which address the conditions of a transnational...

  17. Global Policies and Local Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasche, Andreas; Gilbert, Dirk Ulrich

    networks that are embedded in a wider global network, I argue that tighter couplings (within local networks) and looser couplings (between local networks) coexist. Second, I suggest that this coexistence of couplings enables MSIs to generate policy outcomes which address the conditions of a transnational...

  18. A geometrical perspective on localization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dulman, S.O.; Baggio, A.; Havinga, Paul J.M.; Langendoen, K.G.; Zhang, Ying; Ye, Yinyu

    2008-01-01

    A large number of localization algorithms for wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are evaluated against the Cramer-Rao Bound (CRB) as an indicator of how good the algorithm performs. The CRB defines the lower bound on the precision of an unbiased localization estimator. The CRB concept, borrowed from

  19. Strategy for Developing Local Chicken

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofjan Iskandar

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Chicken industry in Indonesia offer jobs for people in the village areas . The balance in development industry of selected and local chicken has to be anticipated as there has been threat of reducing importation of grand parent stock of selected chicken due to global avian influenza . In the mean time, high appreciation to the local chicken has been shown by the existence of local chicken farms in the size of business scale . For local chicken business, the government has been built programs, projects, and infrastructures, although the programs and projects were dropped scattered in to several institutions, which were end up with less significant impact to the people. Therefore, it is the time that the government should put more efforts to integrate various sources . focusing in enhancing local chicken industry .

  20. Compact Local Directional Texture Pattern for Local Image Description

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Zeng

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an effective local image feature region descriptor, called CLDTP descriptor (Compact Local Directional Texture Pattern, and its application in image matching and object recognition. The CLDTP descriptor encodes the directional and contrast information in a local region, so it contains the gradient orientation information and the gradient magnitude information. As the dimension of the CLDTP histogram is much lower than the dimension of the LDTP histogram, the CLDTP descriptor has higher computational efficiency and it is suitable for image matching. Extensive experiments have validated the effectiveness of the designed CLDTP descriptor.

  1. An Open Localization and Local Communication Embodied Sensor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro Gutiérrez

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we describe a localization and local communication system which allows situated agents to communicate locally, obtaining at the same time both the range and the bearing of the emitter without the need of any centralized control or any external reference. The system relies on infrared communications with frequency modulation and is composed of two interconnected modules for data and power measurement. Thanks to the open hardware license under which it is released, the research community can easily replicate the system at a low cost and/or adapt it for applications in sensor networks and in robotics.

  2. Ministère de l’écologie et du développement durable, Entreprises et environnement, Rapport à la Commission des comptes et de l'économie de l'environnement, Paris, La documentation Française, Collection « Réponses environnement », 2004, 222 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Petit

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Le rapport Entreprises et environnement se présente comme un volumineux dossier sur une thématique d’actualité. En effet, depuis le sommet de Johannesburg en 2002, les entreprises font, plus que jamais, partie du paysage des acteurs du développement durable et nombreuses sont celles qui se sont dotées, ces dernières années, d’une direction environnement ou développement durable ou d’une cellule de réflexion sur ces questions. Cet engouement constitue, pour nombre d’entre elles, une réponse au...

  3. Étude de formulation avec sable de fonderie et plastifiant Opération 11L062 Bétons environnementaux : Rapport final de la formulation d'un béton avec sable de fonderie et ajout de plastifiant

    OpenAIRE

    BLIGNY, Pascal; CHATAIGNER, Sylvain

    2010-01-01

    Ce dernier rapport permet de finaliser le travail du LRPC d'Autun sur la formulation de béton avec des sables de fonderie. Ce travail a engagé des investigations expérimentales importantes et les derniers résultats obtenus permettent de valider la possibilité d'insertion de sables de fonderie et offrent des perspectives de réutilisation de ces matériaux-déchets. Un seul des indicateurs de durabilité a été déterminé et une des perspectives envisageables serait de déterminer d'autres indicateur...

  4. Etude des risques de dégradation de la fertilité des sols et de pollution des lentilles d'eau douce : rapport récapitulatif des programmes conduits dans le cadre de l'opération N°6-DEF "Sol et nappe phréatique des îles Loyauté" au titre de la tranche 1997

    OpenAIRE

    Becquer, Thierry; Duwig, Céline; Bonzon, Bernard

    2000-01-01

    Les travaux réalisés ont montré que la vitesse de transfert du nitrate pouvait être réduite par rapport à celle de l'eau du fait de sa rétention sur les charges électropositives des oxyhydroxides de fer et d'aluminium. Cette rétention, relativement faible dans les horizons de surface, peut devenir importante dans les horizons de profondeur, notamment quand la concentration en nitrate est réduite. Dans le cas de pesticides, l'adsorption sur la phase organo-minérale du sol contribue à limiter l...

  5. Local Anesthetic-Induced Neurotoxicity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Verlinde

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This review summarizes current knowledge concerning incidence, risk factors, and mechanisms of perioperative nerve injury, with focus on local anesthetic-induced neurotoxicity. Perioperative nerve injury is a complex phenomenon and can be caused by a number of clinical factors. Anesthetic risk factors for perioperative nerve injury include regional block technique, patient risk factors, and local anesthetic-induced neurotoxicity. Surgery can lead to nerve damage by use of tourniquets or by direct mechanical stress on nerves, such as traction, transection, compression, contusion, ischemia, and stretching. Current literature suggests that the majority of perioperative nerve injuries are unrelated to regional anesthesia. Besides the blockade of sodium channels which is responsible for the anesthetic effect, systemic local anesthetics can have a positive influence on the inflammatory response and the hemostatic system in the perioperative period. However, next to these beneficial effects, local anesthetics exhibit time and dose-dependent toxicity to a variety of tissues, including nerves. There is equivocal experimental evidence that the toxicity varies among local anesthetics. Even though the precise order of events during local anesthetic-induced neurotoxicity is not clear, possible cellular mechanisms have been identified. These include the intrinsic caspase-pathway, PI3K-pathway, and MAPK-pathways. Further research will need to determine whether these pathways are non-specifically activated by local anesthetics, or whether there is a single common precipitating factor.

  6. Local cases of institutional entrepreneurship:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gretzinger, Susanne

    2018-01-01

    Population ageing and population decline are two contemporary phenomena that imply a tremendous transformation of local markets across many European regions and challenge their economic growth and development in the longer run. In such contexts of market change and, perhaps, crisis, institutional....... In this chapter, the focus is on the initiatives of local “change agents” that will be described as local cases of institutional entrepreneurship in the context of the contemporary demographic challenges. The chapter portrays bottom-up initiatives in Germany that are set up by agents who systematically work...

  7. Human localization and performance measures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammershøi, Dorte

    2009-01-01

    Localization is for some scenarios and situations vital for the success of hearing, e. g. when listening out single sources in multi-source environments, or when navigating primarily by audible information. It is therefore of interest to know the limits of the human localization capacity, and its...... dependence on e.g. direction and distance. When addressed in laboratory experiments, the significance of other modalities are controlled in different ways, yet figures will inherently reflect properties of the test situation as well. The present paper will discuss the methodologies of localization...

  8. Building Local Governance in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Bodil

    Local partnerships have become an important strategic element in active social policy in Denmark. In order to progress towards the parallel objectives of increasing employment rates and creating a more open and inclusive labour market, improving local collaboration is considered paramount....... Accordingly, the municipalities (which in Denmark are in charge of implementing most social policies and carry a large share of the financial burdens) have since 1999 been obliged to have a local coordination committee. Law determines the composition, the competences, and the main tasks of these committees...

  9. The Local-Cosmopolitan Scientist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barney G. Glaser, Ph.D., Hon. Ph.D.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In contrast to previous discussions in the literature treating cosmopolitan and local as two distinct groups of scientists, this paperi demonstrates the notion of cosmopolitan and local as a dual orientation of highly motivated scientists. This dual orientation is derived from institutional motivation, which is a determinant of both high quality basic research and accomplishment of non-research organizational activities. The dual orientation arises in a context of similarity of the institutional goal of science with the goal of the organization; the distinction between groups of locals and cosmopolitans derives from a conflict between two goals.

  10. Morbidity, mortality and local anaesthesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malamed, S F

    1999-01-01

    Two cases of local anaesthetic overdose and death are described. The patients, a four-year-old child and a 68-year old female, received local anaesthetic doses greatly in excess of those recommended. Their overdose reactions are described as well as subsequent management. The paper reviews the causes of local anaesthetic overdose, its signs and symptoms, and the recommended management of these reactions. Specific discussion as to the cause of death of these two patients and of the means to prevent such occurrences in the future concludes the paper.

  11. Buying Local or Imported Goods?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ayob, Abu H.; Hussain, Wan Mohd Hirwani Wan

    2016-01-01

    This study attempts to profile non-income consumers by examining their decisions to buy local or imported products. Hypotheses were drawn from discussions on the comparative advantages of advanced and developing countries, as well as the effects of a product’s country-of-origin on customers...... encourage students to buy local products because they are perceived as being less expensive. Also, students who receive scholarships are more likely to buy local products than self-sponsored students. This research offers insights into ex-ante purchasing behavior in developing countries particularly among...

  12. Quantum theory and local causality

    CERN Document Server

    Hofer-Szabó, Gábor

    2018-01-01

    This book summarizes the results of research the authors have pursued in the past years on the problem of implementing Bell's notion of local causality in local physical theories and relating it to other important concepts and principles in the foundations of physics such as the Common Cause Principle, Bell's inequalities, the EPR (Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen) scenario, and various other locality and causality concepts. The book is intended for philosophers of science with an interest in the formal background of sciences, philosophers of physics and physicists working in foundation of physics.

  13. GOBIERNO LOCAL: AUTONOMIA Y GOBERNABILIDAD

    OpenAIRE

    José Vargas Hernández

    2011-01-01

    Este trabajo, tiene como objetivo analizar las funciones del nuevo gobierno local para dar respuesta a las demandas sociales, promover el desarrollo y regular los nuevos servicios públicos. A partir de una delimitación de los conceptos de soberanía y autonomía del nuevo gobierno local, se reconfigura una nueva estructura de gobernabilidad de los gobiernos locales que implica una mayor participación ciudadana en los procesos de toma de decisiones y la formulación de las políticas públicas, m...

  14. Local Climatological Data (LCD) Publication

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Local Climatological Data (LCD) contains summaries from major airport weather stations that include a daily account of temperature extremes, degree days,...

  15. Local Authority and Town Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duder, Bruce

    1987-01-01

    Provides an overview and definition of local authority and town planning in New Zealand. Demonstrates the relevance of planning matters to the teaching of geography. Reviews objectives of geography and specific planning methods used in several districts. (BR)

  16. Lunar Localization System (LLS) Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — In support of NASA's vision for space, the goal of this project is to research and prototype a multi-component localization system which uses radiometry and vision...

  17. GOBIERNO LOCAL: AUTONOMIA Y GOBERNABILIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Vargas Hernández

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo, tiene como objetivo analizar las funciones del nuevo gobierno local para dar respuesta a las demandas sociales, promover el desarrollo y regular los nuevos servicios públicos. A partir de una delimitación de los conceptos de soberanía y autonomía del nuevo gobierno local, se reconfigura una nueva estructura de gobernabilidad de los gobiernos locales que implica una mayor participación ciudadana en los procesos de toma de decisiones y la formulación de las políticas públicas, mediante la facilitación de procesos de descentralización de funciones y mecanismos coordinadores de servicios públicos. Finalmente se analizan las implicaciones en la gobernabilidad de la ingeniería social del nuevo gobierno local.

  18. Wallah. Indexing the new locality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovse, Astrid Ravn

    This paper aims to add new, empirically based insights to the understanding of the dynamics by which linguistic features come to index locality. It does so through examining the indexicalities of the term wallah among adolescents living in the suburban, multi-ethnic Danish neighborhood Vollsmose....... The paper shows how the term wallah, by being emblematic of the enregistered voices of somewhat competing, locally constructed characterological figures (Agha 2005), comes to serve as an index of highly specific kinds of locality. The data comes from an experimental mapping method tapping into informants...... in a wide range of multi-ethnic settings in Scandinavia – wallah is nevertheless capable of indexing both local and supralocal sociolinguistic scales at once, reflecting the multiscalarity of the “new localities” of globalization (Blommaert 2010). By considering the possibility of features indexing a range...

  19. Local Area Defense (LAD) Demonstration

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mackenzie, Colin F

    2004-01-01

    This pilot program is funded by the Army Medical Department (AMEDD) to demonstrate a real-time detection and rapid response system for local area defense using the University of Maryland Baltimore (UMB...

  20. Simulating the Local Interstellar Medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slavin, Jonathan D.

    2017-05-01

    The Local Interstellar Medium (LISM) in many ways exemplifies the diffuse ISM of the Galaxy and star forming galaxies in general. Though devoid of molecular gas, it includes warm gas, hot, supernova-heated gas and even cold neutral gas clouds. The complex of local interstellar clouds (CLIC), which includes the cloud that directly surrounds the heliosphere, is made up of warm, low density, partially ionized gas. These clouds have somehow come to be embedded within the hot Local Bubble, apparently having survived the passage of the shock that heated the gas. We describe our attempts to understand this surprising situation and to explain the thermal and ionization state of the CLIC as well as the state of the Local Bubble via hydrodynamical and photoionization modeling. We also discuss the broader implications of our results for the interaction of the different temperature-density phases in the diffuse ISM of galaxies.

  1. Local Water Conflict and Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, Roberto Rivas; Hooper, Catherine; Munk Ravnborg, Helle

    2011-01-01

    In 2007 the Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) launched the research programme “Competing for Water: Understanding conflict and cooperation in local water governance”. Along with partners in five developing countries (Bolivia, Mali, Nicaragua, Vietnam and Zambia), the programme aims...... to contribute to “sustainable local water governance in support of the rural poor and otherwise disadvantaged groups in developing countries by improving the knowledge among researchers and practitioners of the nature, extent and intensity of local water conflict and cooperation and their social, economic...... al, 2007; Nguyen, 2007; Mweemba, C.E. 2007). The purpose of these overviews was to position the research findings on the extent and nature of local-level water-related conflict and cooperation in the context of ongoing efforts to improve the policy, legal and administrative water governance framework...

  2. Meet the local policy workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wimmelmann, Camilla L.; Vallgårda, Signild; Jensen, Anja MB

    2017-01-01

    Reporting on an interview and observation based study in Danish municipalities, this article deals with local policy workers, and takes departure in the great variation we observed in implementation of centrally issued health promotion guidelines. We present five types of local policy workers, each...... of whom we found typified a specific way of reasoning and implementing the guidelines. This typology illustrates the diversity found within a group of local policy workers, and helps explain the variability reported in most studies on policy/guideline implementation. On the level of individuals, variation...... in the same positions receiving the same set of guidelines implement them differently, and suggest that local policy workers’ professionally related experiences affect the frames in which they translate the guidelines and decide upon the strategies of implementation. As such, this article illustrates...

  3. Public Procurement of Local Selfgovernment

    OpenAIRE

    Najmanová, Alena

    2008-01-01

    This graduation thesis "Public Procurement of Local Selfgovernment" describes the problems of public procurement. The core subject is the difficulty to observe the law on public procurement. This work includes a case study that mainly evaluates the process of a specific public procurement carried out by a local selfgovernment and the method used to appraise the bids. In order to obtain further information on public procurement at the municipal level, the paper includes a survey addressed to t...

  4. The Local-Cosmopolitan Scientist

    OpenAIRE

    Barney G. Glaser, Ph.D., Hon. Ph.D.

    2011-01-01

    In contrast to previous discussions in the literature treating cosmopolitan and local as two distinct groups of scientists, this paperi demonstrates the notion of cosmopolitan and local as a dual orientation of highly motivated scientists. This dual orientation is derived from institutional motivation, which is a determinant of both high quality basic research and accomplishment of non-research organizational activities. The dual orientation arises in a context of similarity of the institutio...

  5. Generic Local Hamiltonians are Gapless

    Science.gov (United States)

    Movassagh, Ramis

    2017-12-01

    We prove that generic quantum local Hamiltonians are gapless. In fact, we prove that there is a continuous density of states above the ground state. The Hamiltonian can be on a lattice in any spatial dimension or on a graph with a bounded maximum vertex degree. The type of interactions allowed for include translational invariance in a disorder (i.e., probabilistic) sense with some assumptions on the local distributions. Examples include many-body localization and random spin models. We calculate the scaling of the gap with the system's size when the local terms are distributed according to a Gaussian β orthogonal random matrix ensemble. As a corollary, there exist finite size partitions with respect to which the ground state is arbitrarily close to a product state. When the local eigenvalue distribution is discrete, in addition to the lack of an energy gap in the limit, we prove that the ground state has finite size degeneracies. The proofs are simple and constructive. This work excludes the important class of truly translationally invariant Hamiltonians where the local terms are all equal.

  6. Elecciones municipales, pero no locales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JORDI CAPO

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available Se sugiere que las elecciones municipales celebradas en más de 8.000 ciudades y pueblos españoles, no son gobernadas de una forma específica siguiendo líneas electorales del ámbito particular de lo local; sino que, más bien, tienden a reproducir, con ligeras variaciones, los parámetros de las elecciones generales. De esta forma, se deduce que las elecciones municipales o locales no son simplemente administrativas, sino altamente políticas. A través de conjuntos de datos cuantitativos se examinan las elecciones locales y generales a lo largo del período histórico de consolidación del nuevo sistema democrático; desde 1979, año de las primeras elecciones locales, hasta 1991. Se centra en la relación entre las candidaturas independientes y partidistas, la evolución de la abstención, y la formación de un sistema de partidos nacionales que se extiende al ámbito local. El análisis sugiere que las elecciones locales en España se presentan mucho más "nacionales" que en países vecinos. Sin embargo, más que la progresiva "nacionalización" del voto, se refleja el ciclo electoral en el que se presentan las mutuas interferencias entre ambos ámbitos electorales.

  7. Fluid Displacement Efficiency in Layered Porous Media. Mobility Ratio Influence Efficacité de déplacement de fluides en milieu poreux stratifié. Influence du rapport de mobilité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wright R. J.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Important effects of petroleum reservoir stratification upon chemical enhanced oil recovery processes have been modelled using systems containing layers of two different permeabilities. Experimentally, visual models composed of glass bead packings have been exploited and miscible matched-density displacements performed. The results show a strong sensitivity to fluid mobility ratio. Flow pattern observation and mathematical analysis have shown that complex viscous crossflow processes are very influential. We present a non-empirical mathematical model for dual layer systems. Our calculation of crossflow effects using this analytical method compares favourably with experimental results from varions sources. Finally, we show how to apply this model to multilayer cross-sectional and three-dimensional problems. Des effets majeurs de la stratification de réservoirs pétroliers sur les procédés chimiques de récupération assistée du pétrole ont été modélisés au moyen de systèmes comprenant des couches à deux perméabilités différentes. Pour l'approche expérimentale, nous avons eu recours à des modèles d'observation composés de billes de verre où des déplacements de fluides miscibles de densités ajustées ont été réalisés. Les résultats indiquent une forte sensibilité au rapport de mobilité des fluides. L'observation du schéma d'écoulement et son analyse mathématique ont montré que des phénomènes d'écoulement visqueux interbancs ont une très grande influence. Nous présentons un modèle mathématique non empirique de systèmes à double couche. Nos calculs des effets des écoulements transversaux avec des méthodes analytiques sont bien vérifiés par les résultats expérimentaux provenant de sources diverses. Nous montrons enfin comment appliquer ce modèle à des problèmes à plusieurs bancs avec échanges entre couches et à trois dimensions.

  8. More with thermal energy storage. Report 5. Modelling systems. Effects of thermal energy storage systems on the environment. Modelling individual projects. Final report; Meer met bodemenergie. Rapport 5. Modellering systemen. Effecten van bodemenergiesystemen op hun omgeving. Modellering individuele projecten. Eindrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drijver, B.; De Jonge, H. [IF Technology, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2012-03-30

    combinaties te maken? Het project is ingericht met verschillende werkpakketten. In werkpakket 2 worden de effecten van individuele en collectieve bodemenergiesystemen op de ondergrond en de omgeving onderzocht, in werkpakket 3 worden de kansen voor bodemenergie en bodemsanering onderzocht en in werkpakket 4 worden nieuwe duurzame combinaties van KWO met andere functies verkend. Werkpakket 1 is het overkoepelende deel waarin communicatie, beleid en participatie van deelnemers van MMB centraal staat. In dit rapport zijn de resultaten beschreven van de modellering van drie bestaande WKO-projecten die in het kader van het project Meer Met Bodemenergie zijn onderzocht. Doel van de modellering van deze projecten is om inzicht te verkrijgen in de betrouwbaarheid van de voorspelde hydrologische en thermische effecten, de oorzaken van eventuele afwijkingen en verbeteringen die mogelijk zijn om de betrouwbaarheid van de voorspellingen te verbeteren.

  9. More with thermal energy storage. Report 6. High temperature storage. Overview of knowledge and results of measurements with regard to high temperature storage systems. Final report; Meer met bodemenergie. Rapport 6. Hogetemperatuuropslag. Kennisoverzicht en praktijkmetingen rondom hogetemperatuuropslagsystemen. Eindrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drijver, B. [IF Technology, Arnhem (Netherlands)

    2012-03-30

    project is ingericht met verschillende werkpakketten. In werkpakket 2 worden de effecten van individuele en collectieve bodemenergiesystemen op de ondergrond en de omgeving onderzocht, in werkpakket 3 worden de kansen voor bodemenergie en bodemsanering onderzocht en in werkpakket 4 worden nieuwe duurzame combinaties van KWO met andere functies verkend. Werkpakket 1 is het overkoepelende deel waarin communicatie, beleid en participatie van deelnemers van MMB centraal staat. In dit rapport zijn de resultaten opgenomen van het onderzoek op het gebied van hoge temperatuur warmteopslag. Restwarmte die in de zomer beschikbaar is zou in de winterperiode goed kunnen worden gebruikt voor verwarmingsdoeleinden. Om dat mogelijk te maken moet de warmte tijdelijk worden opgeslagen. Gebleken is dat de ondergrond hier goed voor kan worden gebruikt, hetgeen heeft geresulteerd in een sterke groei van de systemen die daarvoor nodig zijn: WKO-systemen.

  10. Une analyse d’une production de discours rapporté : l’introduction des tours de parole dans “Hills Like White Elephants” d’Ernest Hemingway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grégoire LACAZE

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Cette nouvelle d’Ernest Hemingway est construite principalement autour du report de paroles au discours direct des deux personnages principaux. Elle a déjà fait l’objet de nombreuses études critiques, notamment sur le style de son auteur. Nous nous intéressons ici à un aspect souvent négligé dans ces études, l’introduction du discours direct, car celle-ci nous semble relativement importante dans la réception1 de la nouvelle.À partir de cette production de discours rapporté, nous étudierons comment le narrateur choisit d’introduire les différents tours de parole. Cette réflexion, s’inscrivant dans une perspective énonciative, s’appuiera sur une étude grammaticale et sémantique prenant en compte les spécificités du genre de la nouvelle et leur influence sur les choix stylistiques de l’auteur. Une étude statistique sur la composition des structures d’introduction du discours des personnages viendra étayer l’analyse.Hemingway’s short story, “Hills Like White Elephants”, is largely built around a reported dialogue involving two main characters. Although many critical studies have been devoted to this short story, focusing especially on Hemingway’s style, this paper seeks to explore a relatively neglected theme, namely the introduction of direct speech, which acquires significant importance in the reception of the short story.Thanks to the dialogue that materializes as an occurrence of reported speech produced by a reporter, we will study how the narrator chooses to introduce the various turns constituting the dialogue. This analysis, inscribed within the framework of an enunciative approach, aims at pointing out the stylistic devices used by the author. Both linguistic and semantic aspects will be taken into account as well as the specificities induced by the genre of the short story and their influence on the stylistic choices made by the author. The analysis will be backed up with statistical data

  11. Rapport d’étape – Le Système canadien hospitalier d’information et de recherche en prévention des traumatismes : un système de surveillance des blessures dynamique et novateur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Crain

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ce rapport d’étape sur le Système canadien hospitalier d’information et de recherche en prévention des traumatismes (SCHIRPT, un système de surveillance des blessures et des empoisonnements utilisé par les services d’urgence, décrit le résultat de la migration d’un processus d’entrée et de codage des données centralisé vers le processus décentralisé de l’eSCHIRPT, réalisée en 2011. Ce système sécurisé accroît la souplesse et la rapidité globales du SCHIRPT, attributs clés d’un système de surveillance efficace. La plate-forme intégrée de l’eSCHIRPT permet une entrée de données et un accès aux données en temps quasi réel, comprend des outils conviviaux de gestion et d’analyse des données et facilite la communication et la connectivité au sein du réseau du SCHIRPT grâce à un centre de collaboration en ligne. L’essai pilote mené actuellement sur les outils automatisés de contrôle de données et d’analyse des tendances – destinés à surveiller et à mettre en évidence les données d’entrée à partir de critères prédéfinis (par exemple un nouveau produit de consommation – révèle le potentiel de détection rapide des nouveaux dangers, enjeux et tendances que possède l’eSCHIRPT.

  12. Définition de la proportion de la population issue de la médecine générale qui n’utilise pas de préservatif au cours d’un rapport sexuel occasionnel, étude des déterminants, et place qu’occupe le médecin généraliste dans la prévention des Infections Sexuellement Transmissibles

    OpenAIRE

    Valinducq, Vincent

    2015-01-01

    Dans un contexte de recrudescence des IST, il a été intéressant de définir la proportion de de la population issue de la médecine générale qui n’utilise pas le préservatif lors d’un rapport sexuel occasionnel et également d’identifier les déterminants de non utilisation du préservatif. 65,5% de la population a eu un rapport sexuel occasionnel au cours des 12 derniers mois dans notre étude. Cette étude a évalué via un auto-questionnaire le caractère sociodémographique, les connaissances, attit...

  13. LOCAL COMMUNITIES AND THE PROCESS OF LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CONSTANTIN BRAGARU

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The present paper focuses on sustainable development and the specific objectives that Romania intends to achieve in order to reach a new model of development that is capable of generating high value added, is interested in knowledge and innovation, and aims to improve the quality of life in harmony with the natural environment. The paper also analyzes the process of local development that Romania started in 2000 with the financial support of United Nations Development Programme - “Romania within the framework of Local Agenda 21” and continued within Regional Operational Programme 2007-2013. Finally, the study reveals the regional and local development priorities established by Romania within “The National Sustainable Development Strategy” for the next period of time – 2013-2020 -2030.

  14. Modeling Local Hygrothermal Interaction: Local surface transfer coefficients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steskens, Paul Wilhelmus Maria Hermanus; Janssen, Hans; Rode, Carsten

    2009-01-01

    Current models to predict heat, air and moisture (HAM) conditions in building components assume uniform boundary conditions, both for the temperature and relative humidity of the air in an indoor space as well as for the heat and moisture surface transfer coefficients. In order to obtain a reliable...... and moisture transfer coefficients. The research showed that the developed model gives good agreement with the local convective surface transfer coefficients predicted from CFD. The main advantage of the presented (sub)zonal airflow model is that the computational effort is relatively small, while...... the predictions of the local surface transfer coefficients are relatively accurate....

  15. Local Government Internal Audit Compliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greg Jones

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Local government councils (LGC rely on a number of funding sources including state and federal governments as well as their community constituents to enable them to provide a range of public services. Given the constraints on these funding sources councils need to have in place a range of strategies and policies capable of providing good governance and must appropriately discharge their financial accountabilities. To assist LGC with meeting their governance and accountability obligations they often seek guidance from their key stakeholders. For example, in the Australian State of New South Wales (NSW, the Office of Local Government has developed a set of guidelines, the Internal Audit Guidelines. In 2010 the NSW Office of Local Government issued revised guidelines emphasising that an internal audit committee is an essential component of good governance. In addition, the guidelines explained that to improve the governance and accountability of the councils, these committees should be composed of a majority of independent members. To maintain committee independence the guidelines indicated that the Mayor should not be a member of the committee. However these are only guidelines, not legislated requirements and as such compliance with the guidelines, before they were revised, has been demonstrated to be quite low (Jones & Bowrey 2013. This study, based on a review of NSW Local Government Councils’ 2012/2013 reports, including Annual Reportsrelation to internal audit committees, to determine if the guidelines are effective in improving local government council governance.

  16. Direct Localization for Massive MIMO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Nil; Wymeersch, Henk; Larsson, Erik G.; Haimovich, Alexander M.; Coulon, Martial

    2017-05-01

    Large-scale MIMO systems are well known for their advantages in communications, but they also have the potential for providing very accurate localization thanks to their high angular resolution. A difficult problem arising indoors and outdoors is localizing users over multipath channels. Localization based on angle of arrival (AOA) generally involves a two-step procedure, where signals are first processed to obtain a user's AOA at different base stations, followed by triangulation to determine the user's position. In the presence of multipath, the performance of these methods is greatly degraded due to the inability to correctly detect and/or estimate the AOA of the line-of-sight (LOS) paths. To counter the limitations of this two-step procedure which is inherently sub-optimal, we propose a direct localization approach in which the position of a user is localized by jointly processing the observations obtained at distributed massive MIMO base stations. Our approach is based on a novel compressed sensing framework that exploits channel properties to distinguish LOS from non-LOS signal paths, and leads to improved performance results compared to previous existing methods.

  17. Local Equilibrium and Retardation Revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Scott K; Vesselinov, Velimir V

    2018-01-01

    In modeling solute transport with mobile-immobile mass transfer (MIMT), it is common to use an advection-dispersion equation (ADE) with a retardation factor, or retarded ADE. This is commonly referred to as making the local equilibrium assumption (LEA). Assuming local equilibrium, Eulerian textbook treatments derive the retarded ADE, ostensibly exactly. However, other authors have presented rigorous mathematical derivations of the dispersive effect of MIMT, applicable even in the case of arbitrarily fast mass transfer. We resolve the apparent contradiction between these seemingly exact derivations by adopting a Lagrangian point of view. We show that local equilibrium constrains the expected time immobile, whereas the retarded ADE actually embeds a stronger, nonphysical, constraint: that all particles spend the same amount of every time increment immobile. Eulerian derivations of the retarded ADE thus silently commit the gambler's fallacy, leading them to ignore dispersion due to mass transfer that is correctly modeled by other approaches. We then present a particle tracking simulation illustrating how poor an approximation the retarded ADE may be, even when mobile and immobile plumes are continually near local equilibrium. We note that classic "LEA" (actually, retarded ADE validity) criteria test for insignificance of MIMT-driven dispersion relative to hydrodynamic dispersion, rather than for local equilibrium. Published 2017. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

  18. Improving livelihoods, training para-ecologists, enthralling children ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    accompagnées de programmes de surveillance écologique. Grâce à la responsabilisation des collectivités locales dans la protection de la biodiversité, elles montrent ..... Sanitary infrastructure erected by Mitsinjo for the local community comprises numerous latrines and drinking water wells throughout Andasibe commune ...

  19. Increasing System Availability with Local Recovery based on Fault Localization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sözer, Hasan; Abreu, Rui; Aksit, Mehmet; van Gemund, Arjan J.C.

    Due to the fact that software systems cannot be tested exhaustively, software systems must cope with residual defects at run-time. Local recovery is an approach for recovering from errors, in which only the defective parts of the system are recovered while the other parts are kept operational. To be

  20. Economic Learning Media Development Based on Local Locality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadi, Rizali; Supriyanto; Hasanah, Mahmudah

    2017-01-01

    This study aims to describe the learning medium of economic education at senior High School in Banjarmasin with media based on local wisdom. This research uses qualitative method as developed by Miles & Huberman, starting from data collection, data reduction data display, and then made conclusion. Data were collected in the order of Basic…

  1. Local Agenda 21 - from global idea to local action

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoffmann, Birgitte

    1999-01-01

    A status of the work in Denmark with local Agenda 21 is given. Agenda 21 is described as a giant meeting where all the different actors is joining, all the citizens of the world is joining - whether the know it or not. From this picture different themes is discussed, e.g. the items on the agenda...

  2. IT Management in Local Government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peter Axel; Persson, John Stouby

    2010-01-01

    The use of information technology (IT) is increasingly important for local governments (municipalities) in adhering to their responsibilities for providing services to citizens and this requires effective IT management. We present an engaged scholarship approach to formulating the IT management...... problems with local government – not for local government. We define such engaged problem formulation as joint learning and definition of a contemporary and complex problem by researchers and those who experience and know the problem. This engaged problem formulation process was carried out...... as an initiation of action research and design science research activities at multiple levels in Danish municipalities. In this paper we present the IT management problems identified in our study and discuss the engaged problem formulation process in relation to engaged scholarship and implications for action...

  3. BOOMS PETROLIERS ET BASCULEMENTS DU RAPPORT DE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrateur

    tique et 20% d'énergies renouvelables à l'horizon 2020. Il ne sera donc pas étrange de voir la croissance de la consommation européenne de pétrole ralentir à court terme et être probable- ment négative à long terme. Quant à la part de consommation des Etats-Unis, celle-ci a décliné de 4,33%. L'opinion publique.

  4. Establishing Rapport with a Virtual Dancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijholt, Antinus; Reidsma, Dennis; van Welbergen, H.; Sheridan, J.G.; Bayliss, A.

    We discuss an embodied agent that acts as a dancer and invites human partners to dance with her. The dancer has a repertoire of gestures and moves obtained from inverse kinematics and motion capturing that can be combined in order to dance both on the beat of the music that is provided to the dancer

  5. Annual report 2000; Rapport annuel 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This report presents the activities of the Cogema group, its reports on management and its financial situation for the year 2000: presentation of TOPCO, boards of directors, profile, main consolidated data, year 2000 highlights, group activities (mining-chemistry, enrichment, reprocessing-recycling, engineering, services, sustainable development, health and safety, quality policy, human resources, R and D, communication), organization chart of the consolidated Cogema group, financial statements, directory. (J.S.)

  6. 1996 annual report; Rapport annuel 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheller, M. [CEO, 75 - Paris (France)

    1996-12-31

    The 1996 annual report of the French national office of aerospace studies and researches (ONERA) presents the missions, organization, financial and operating highlights, sites and workforce, research activity, facilities, international relations and human resources of this company. ONERA`s research goals are the following: spanning the spectrum of civil and military aircraft requirements, feeding the booming civil aviation market, the development of tomorrow`s supersonic transport, the French-German cooperation on future helicopters design, design of aircraft and missile navigation instruments, applied research and simulation on turbo-machineries, development support for Ariane rocket and reentry vehicles, earth and space observation, ground and airborne radars, tactical and strategic missiles, hypersonic propulsion, development of new materials and enhanced numerical simulation. (J.S.)

  7. 2003 annual report; Rapport annuel 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The 2003 issue of the annual report of the French nuclear safety authority (ASR) presents the activities of the ASR in the following domains: 2003 highlights (the project of law relative to the nuclear transparency and safety, the EPR reactor project, the radioprotection priorities, the inspection of radioprotection, the action plan for the monitoring of patients' exposure to ionizing radiations, the 2003 heat wave and the operation of nuclear power plants, the national plan of radioactive wastes management, the behaviour of long living and high level radioactive wastes, and the European 'nuclear package'), nuclear activities, ionizing radiations and health hazards, organisation of nuclear safety control and radioprotection, radioprotection and nuclear facilities regulation, control of nuclear activities, public information and transparency, international relations, radiological emergency situations, radiological and biomedical activities, industrial and research activities, transport of radioactive materials, safety and radioprotection of nuclear power plants, research and other nuclear facilities, fuel cycle centers, safety of the definitive shut-down and dismantling of nuclear facilities, radioactive waste management and cleansing of polluted sites. (J.S.)

  8. Corruption, croissance et capital humain : quels rapports ?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    15 oct. 2013 ... l'enseignement supérieur en particulier, risque l'extinction, mettant ainsi en péril tout effort de croissance et ... secteur public et la définit comme l'abus d'une fonction publique à des fins d'enrichissement .... rentes qui peuvent prendre des formes telles que la corruption ou les marchés parallèles (Krueger ...

  9. dynamiques migratoires et rapport avec le

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cette analyse concerne uniquement les Burkinabés vivant en milieu rural. Les migrants gardent un contact ... retour de se valoriser (en se faisant voir les jours du marché). Ainsi dès le départ, la migration n'a .... liée au fait que le pays ne développe pas assez d'initiatives pour maintenir le lien; c'estainsi par exemple que le ...

  10. First half financial report; Rapport semestriel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-06-30

    Delivering products and services to nuclear power plants operators, AREVA operates in every sector of the civilian nuclear power and fuel cycle industry. This first half financial report provides information on highlights concerning the nuclear power and the connectors, income statement, performance by division (front end division, reactors and services division, back end division and connectors division), cash flow, balance sheet, post-closing events and consolidated financial statements. (A.L.B.)

  11. Information report; Rapport d'information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-10-01

    This report concerns the support policy to the development of renewable energy sources. The objectives of this policy are to protect environment against the climatic change, to reinforce the energy independence, to prepare the long term by finding the future energies, to constitute a french industry of renewable energy. A second part studies how the renewable energies can support the fight against the climatic change with the study of the French emissions of carbon dioxide, the heat production with biomass, wood, biogas, the thermal solar energy, the geothermal energy, the challenge of transport is tackled. The third part is devoted to the financial means to support renewable energy sources with fiscality, subventions, financial incentives. (N.C.)

  12. Scientific report 1999; Rapport scientifique 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This scientific report of the Fuel Cycle Direction of the Cea, presents the Direction activities and research programs in the fuel cycle domain during the year 1999. The first chapter is devoted to the front end of the fuel cycle with the SILVA process as main topic. The second chapter is largely based on the separation chemistry of the back end cycle. The third and fourth chapters present studies of more applied and sometimes more technical developments in the nuclear industry or not. (A.L.B.)

  13. 1996 scientific report; Rapport scientifique 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berhouet, F.; Delavault, E.; Dupuy, P.; Legre, J.; Comte, M.; Panek, H.; Martin-Daguet, V.; Fleche, J.L.; Meis, C.; Kupecek, Ph.; Mennerat, G.; Mauchien, P.; Chaleard, C.; Kocon, S.; Lacour, J.L.; Gueneau, C.; Dauvois, V.; Gonella, C.; Berhier, C.; Lameille, J.M. [CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France). Dept. des Procedes d`enrichissement] [and others

    1997-12-31

    This report presents the work realized in 1996 by CEA-DCC (Direction du Cycle du Combustible). The main study fields are: laser beam stabilization, copper vapor laser (LVC) modelling, vapor density measurements, light transport in thick vapor, uranium evaporation, GdR-PRACTIS activities, uranyl organo phosphates, actinide extraction, ultra son in chemistry, oxidation mechanisms, salt free processes, tributyl phosphate (TBP) stability, cation exchanging membranes, filtering mineral membranes, liquid-liquid extraction processes, centrifugal contactor, supercritical phase, iodine reduction, weapon plutonium reprocessing, long term waste packaging, clay behaviour modelling; gas formation in deep storages, water-clay chemical interaction, nuclear glass behaviour, actinide storage dies, radionuclide release in storage, waste storage dies, iodine conditioning, cesium extraction by calix[4]arene molecules, decontamination foam, oxidation by supercritical water, decontamination by electrolysis, microorganism actions on metals, long life radionuclide determination in wastes, active and passive tomography, sulfated wastes, zircon-titanates ceramics, direct storage of irradiated fuel, caramel type fuel dismantling, radioprotection calculation codes, diffraction of backscattered electrons, infrared light coherent source, optical spectrometry, physical and chemical aspect of corium, iron-nickel-chromium alloy corrosion, natural uranium perspective, Atalante installation, interlaboratory comparisons. (A.C.)

  14. 1997 annual report; Rapport annuel 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    This 1997 issue of the annual report of the French Commissariat a l`Energie Atomique (CEA) gives a general overview of the CEA organization, activities, human resources, international relations and communication with some budgetary information. The main activities described concern the national defence, the fuel cycle, the nuclear reactors, the nuclear protection and safety, the advanced technologies, the quasi-particles, the effects of ionizing radiations on humans, the medical imagery, the transfer of technology, the protection and valorization of knowledge, the radioactive wastes and spent fuels management, the training and teaching, the scientific prizes, the committees, councils and commissions. (O.M.)

  15. 2002 materials report; Rapport materiaux 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    This report is the very first devoted to the researches carried out in all centres of the French atomic energy commission (CEA) in the domain of materials. Each material, technology or process is presented with some explanations. The report is divided in three chapters dealing with: 1 - the nano-materials and the engineering of surfaces: surface functionalization (new coatings for cutting tools, new CVD process for the deposition of carbon nano-tubes, nano-structured metallic films, polymerization by gaseous phase deposition, electro-chromium systems, functional coatings by sol-gel process, sol-gel processing of optical fibers, modeling of the plasma projection process); nano-particulates and emerging materials (synthesis of SiCN nano-particulates by laser pyrolysis, hot-forming of Si/C/N/O nano-metric powders by isostatic compression, synthesis of aligned carbon nano-tubes by pyrolysis of mixed aerosols, elaboration and characterization of new oxide-type materials in supercritical CO{sub 2} phase, fluorescent semiconductor nano-crystals for labelling, fibrillary proteins and their behaviour at interfaces); 2 - materials engineering and numerical materials (simulation of the welding process by YAG laser pulses, welded joints reliability, control of precipitation microstructures by the addition of nucleating agents, optimization of pressing cycles for the forming of industrial parts by matrix compaction, mechanical and thermal pre-dimensioning of thermo-structural composites, modeling of the behaviour of thermo-structural composites, joints follow up system for innovative welding control process); joining technologies (feasibility study for the fabrication by diffusion welding of the first wall panels of ITER reactor, welding of spent fuel containers for long lasting storage, electron beam welding of aluminium 6061 and hot cracking risk, hybrid welding technology, heat source model for TIG welding, cladding of the amplifying plates of the Megajoule laser facility); advanced processes and high temperature materials (superalloys microstructure and creep behavior, ferromagnetic micro-wires elaboration and magnetic properties, development of a new thermo-stable polymer, technical thermo-plastics); 3 - materials for new energy technologies (membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC), new catalysts for PEMFC, materials for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), micro-fuel cells, hydrogen storage materials, micro-concentrators for photovoltaic cells, improvement of lithium battery performances). (J.S.)

  16. Environmental challenges. Report 2000; Miljoeutfordringer. Rapport 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    Essentially, this report discusses the environment conservation efforts of Statkraft SF. Statkraft SF is Norway's largest producer of hydroelectric power. A section on the environmental impacts of hydroelectric energy production discusses biological diversity, outdoor life, cultural monuments and environments, hazardous chemicals, waste treatment, climate change and air pollution. A section on new renewable energy sources deals with wind power, hydrogen and ''salt power''. Salt power is an application of osmotic pressure. Other sections describe life cycle analyses, environmental costs of different energy carriers, environmental labelling of electric energy, safety, health, international projects etc. Some of the sections explicitly state national goals.

  17. Annual report 2000; Rapport annuel 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This year 2000 annual report of the CEA (atomic energy commissariat) gives a general overview of the CEA activities and organization in the domains of the defence, the nuclear energy the technological research and the fundamental research. It is presented in seven main parts: contribution to national defence, civil nuclear research, technological research for the industry, pushing back the frontiers of scientific knowledge in physics and life science, mastery of installations; institute for protection and nuclear safety, research resources. (A.L.B.)

  18. Rapport de synthèse

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    pwust

    le 4 octobre 2007. Dudley, Leonard, et Claude Montmarquette (1976) « A Model of the Supply of Foreign Aid » ,. American Economic Review 66(1), p.132-142. Easterly, William (2006), The White Man's Burden: Why the West's Efforts to Aid the Rest Have. Done So Much Ill and So Little Good (New York : Penguin Books).

  19. Annual report 2001; Rapport annuel 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This document presents the activities and important subjects on researches and developments, of the CEA over the year 2001. The first part deals with the contribution of the CEA to the national defence, the development of the nuclear energy in a sustainable development context, the transfer of the technological innovation to the economical competition, the important programs in fundamental research, the environmental and radiation protection and the human resources. The second part presents the financial report. (A.L.B.)

  20. Status report 1999; Rapport Annuel 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    This 1999 annual report of the french Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (Cea), gives a general overview of its activities, organization and international relations. The main subjects presented are: the energy policy in the nuclear energy (fuel cycle, reactors, management,thermonuclear fusion) the national defense contribution, the research program, the nuclear safety, the technology assessment, the valorization and transfer of knowledge, the scientific prices and the committees, councils and commissions. (A.L.B.)