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Sample records for cnde deutsche gesellschaft

  1. 50. Annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie. Abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-01-01

    The volume on the 50th annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie includes the abstracts concerning the following issues: infectious central nervous system diseases, neurodegenerations, infarction, petrosal bone pathology, neurointerventions.

  2. Die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft in der Weimarer Republik und während der Nazidiktatur

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilke, Jürgen

    Nach anfänglichen Schwierigkeiten durch den 1. Weltkrieg erlangte die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft (DStatG) unter dem renommierten Statistiker und Vorsitzenden der DStatG, Friedrich Zahn, durch eine Vielzahl von Aktivitäten hohes Ansehen. Es gab Bestrebungen, Statistiker aus allen Arbeitsfeldern der Statistik in die DStatG zu integrieren, wobei die "Mathematische Statistik" nur zögerlich akzeptiert wurde (Konjunkturforschung, Zeitreihenanalyse). Nach der Machtübernahme 1933 durch Adolf Hitler geriet die DStatG in das Fahrwasser nationalsozialistischer Ideologie und Politik (Führerprinzip, Gleichschaltung des Vereinswesens). Damit war eine personelle Umstrukturierung in der DStatG verbunden. Politisch Missliebige und rassisch Verfolgte mussten die DStatG verlassen (Bernstein, Freudenberg, Gumbel u.a.). Unter den Statistikern gab es alle Abstufungen im Verhalten zum Regime von Ablehnung und zwangsweiser Anpassung über bereitwilliges Mitläufertum bis zu bewusster Täterschaft. Besonders die Bevölkerungsstatistik wurde durch die NS- Rassenpolitik auf lange Sicht diskreditiert. Im Rahmen von Wirtschaftsplanung und Aufrüstung wurden neue zukunftsträchtige statistische Modelle (Grünig, Bramstedt, Leisse) entwickelt.

  3. Safe and peaceful use of nuclear energy - an IAEA perspective. Address. Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Auswaertige Politik, Bonn, 17 April 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ElBaradei, M.

    1998-01-01

    The document reproduces the text of the conference given by the Director General of the IAEA at the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Auswaertige Politik in Bonn on 17 April 1998. After a presentation of the Agency's role in the safe and peaceful use of nuclear energy, the conference gives an overview of the main issues facing nuclear energy in the following three major areas: the contribution of nuclear energy to economic and social development, nuclear safety, and verification. In the last part, the Director General makes some comments about the future

  4. 48. Annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie. Joint annual meeting of the DGNR and OeGNR. Abstracts; 48. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie. Gemeinsame Jahrestagung der DGNR und OeGNR. Abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-09-15

    The conference proceedings of the 48. Annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Neuroradiologie contain abstracts on the following issues: neuro-oncological imaging, multimodal imaging concepts, subcranial imaging, spinal codes, interventional neuroradiology, innovative techniques like high-field MRT and hybrid imaging methods, inflammable and metabolic central nervous system diseases and epilepsy.

  5. [Consensus of the Deutsche Gesellschaft der Plastischen, Rekonstruktiven und Ästhetischen Chirurgen (DGPRÄC) on Autologous Fat Grafting].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giunta, R E; Horch, R E; Prantl, L; Baur, E M; Herold, C; Kamolz, L; Lehnhardt, M; Noah, E M; Rennekampff, O; Richter, D; Schaefer, D J; Ueberreiter, K

    2016-12-01

    On occasion of the Munich Plastic Symposium in Munich the board of the Deutsche Gesellschaft der Plastischen, Rekonstruktiven und Ästhetischen Chirurgen (DGPRÄC) together with a group of experts who were also involved in the preparation of the recently published S2K guideline "Autologous Fat Grafting", prepared a consensus statement from a plastic-surgical point of view so to evaluate current spects and taking into account the current legal framework: 1. Autologous Fat Grafting is a long established treatment in plastic surgery and does not differ from other tissue grafts. 2. Mechanical processing of autologous fat does not provide any substantial change tot he tissue. 3. If other treatment methods to enrich progenitor cells of autolous fat i. e. by an enzymatic process have evidence that autologous adipose tissue or cells were substantially changed, classification as a drug could come in question under current german law (application of AMG/ATMP). © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  6. Progress in quantitative GPR development at CNDE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eisenmann, David; Margetan, F. J.; Chiou, C.-P.; Roberts, Ron; Wendt, Scott

    2014-01-01

    Ground penetrating radar (GPR) uses electromagnetic (EM) radiation pulses to locate and map embedded objects. Commercial GPR instruments are generally geared toward producing images showing the location and extent of buried objects, and often do not make full use of available absolute amplitude information. At the Center for Nondestructive Evaluation (CNDE) at Iowa State University efforts are underway to develop a more quantitative approach to GPR inspections in which absolute amplitudes and spectra of measured signals play a key role. Guided by analogous work in ultrasonic inspection, there are three main thrusts to the effort. These focus, respectively, on the development of tools for: (1) analyzing raw GPR data; (2) measuring the EM properties of soils and other embedding media; and (3) simulating GPR inspections. This paper reviews progress in each category. The ultimate goal of the work is to develop model-based simulation tools that can be used assess the usefulness of GPR for a given inspection scenario, to optimize inspection choices, and to determine inspection reliability

  7. 30th congress of Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Pneumologie und Tuberkulose

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferlinz, R.; Steppling, H.; Wolfart, W.

    1983-01-01

    The proceedings volume contains 196 papers on the following subjects: 1. Tuberculosis, 2. sarcoidosis, 3. the lung in the borderline area between health and disease, 4. biochemical aspects of bronchopulmonary diseases, 5. topical diagnostics, 6. current therapy, 7. physiotherapy, 8. thoracic surgery, 9. carcinoma research, 10. free papers. Radiological and nuclear diagnostic methods are discussed. (MG) [de

  8. 87. meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Innere Medizin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1981-01-01

    The book contains abstracts on: 1) Pathogenesis, course and therapy of diabetes mellitus; 2) recent developments in the treatment of infectious diseases; 3) chronic bronchitis; 4) pathogenesis, prevention and therapy of arteriosclerosis, 5) present problems in thyroid diseases. Papers were read on the subjects of cardiology, angiology, clinical immunology, heamatology, metabolism, rheumatology endocrinology, gastroenterology, psychosomatics, intensive care, diabetology, haemostasiology, infectious diseases, hepatology, pneumology, nephrology, clinical pharmacology, hypertension, and oncology. 3 further symposia were held on haemorheology and internal medicine, artificial organs in internal medicine, and substrate metabolism of human tissues. (MG) [de

  9. 30th congress of Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Pneumologie und Tuberkulose. 30. Kongress, Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Pneumologie und Tuberkulose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferlinz, R.; Steppling, H.; Wolfart, W.

    1983-01-01

    The proceedings volume contains 196 papers on the following subjects: 1. Tuberculosis, 2. sarcoidosis, 3. the lung in the borderline area between health and disease, 4. biochemical aspects of bronchopulmonary diseases, 5. topical diagnostics, 6. current therapy, 7. physiotherapy, 8. thoracic surgery, 9. carcinoma research, 10. free papers. Radiological and nuclear diagnostic methods are discussed.

  10. Gesellschaft & Arbeit: Untersuchungen zur Arbeitslosigkeit

    OpenAIRE

    Grisold, Andrea; Miklautz, Elfie; Mikl-Horke, Gertraude; Resch, Andreas (Hg.)

    2014-01-01

    Die Schriftenreihe "Wirtschaft und Kultur" versammelt Beiträge zu aktuellen Fragen sozioökonomischer Forschung. Im Rahmen von 3 Bänden präsentieren Studierende des Masterstudiums "Sozioökonomie" ihre Abschlussarbeiten der Forschungspraktika zum Thema "Gesellschaft und Arbeit". Die ausgewählten Beiträge aus den Studienjahren 2012 - 2014 sind thematisch wie folgt zusammengefasst: Band 14 zum Thema Pflege, Band 15 zum Thema Arbeitslosigkeit, Band 16 zum Thema Organisationsklima in Non-Profit-Org...

  11. Health Information in German (Deutsch)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Supplements Videos & Tools You Are Here: Home → Multiple Languages → German (Deutsch) URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/languages/german.html Health Information in German (Deutsch) To use ...

  12. Deutsches Atomforum turns fifty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Geisler, Maja

    2009-01-01

    Fifty years ago, the Deutsches Atomforum e. V. was founded to promote the peaceful uses of nuclear power in Germany. On July 1, 2009, the organization celebrated its fiftieth birthday in Berlin. The anniversary was celebrated in the Berlin electricity plant, Germany's oldest existing building for commercial electricity generation. DAtF President Dr. Walter Hohlefelder welcomed some 200 high-ranking guests from politics, industry, and from the nuclear community, above all, the Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, Dr. Angela Merkel, and, as keynote speaker, Professor Dr. Arnulf Baring. (orig.)

  13. The German Interlinguistics Society Gesellschaft fur Interlinguistik.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O Riain, Sean

    2003-01-01

    Describes the German interlinguistics society Gesellschaft fur Interlinguistik (GIL), which was founded to bring together interlinguistics and esperantology scholars. Highlights GIL's principal fields of activity and discusses its role in the fields of international linguistic communication, language planning, esperantolgy, and the teaching of…

  14. 9th scientific meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Medizinische Physik e.V

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1978-01-01

    Contributions to the radiation protection problem, taking into account the radiation protection ordinance, recently developed radiographic methods in medical diagnostics, especially with regard to automation of the imaging technique, and contributions to radiation therapy with regard to apparatus and equipment are discussed. (VJ) [de

  15. Deutsches Atomforum turns fifty; 50 Jahre Deutsches Atomforum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geisler, Maja [Deutsches Atomforum e.V., Berlin (Germany). Bereich Oeffentlichkeitsarbeit, Informationskreis KernEnergie

    2009-07-15

    Fifty years ago, the Deutsches Atomforum e. V. was founded to promote the peaceful uses of nuclear power in Germany. On July 1, 2009, the organization celebrated its fiftieth birthday in Berlin. The anniversary was celebrated in the Berlin electricity plant, Germany's oldest existing building for commercial electricity generation. DAtF President Dr. Walter Hohlefelder welcomed some 200 high-ranking guests from politics, industry, and from the nuclear community, above all, the Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, Dr. Angela Merkel, and, as keynote speaker, Professor Dr. Arnulf Baring. (orig.)

  16. Powering FITL for Deutsche Telekom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulz, W. [T-Nova Deutsche Telekom Innovationsgesellschaft mbH Technologiezentrum (Germany)

    2000-07-01

    Deutsche Telekom introduced the project OPAL (optical access line) 8 years ago. The development of new applications for FITL (FTTH, FTTB, FTTC) leads to new challenges for power systems. For the establishment of an optical fibre infrastructure at the subscriber line level a wide variety of possible optical fibre network topologies can be imagined. Different powering architectures must be developed including remote or local powering. This paper presents results and performances of the powering configurations to feed the optical network units (ONU) and remote OLT. Compared to conventional powering the centralised powering with remote feeding supply was implemented to power the ONU in the field economically. (orig.)

  17. Grundschullehrer/in (Muttersprache Deutsch)

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    Der Verein für die Förderung des deutschsprachigen Unterrichts im Pays de Gex (A.P.E.G.) sucht für die Monate September bis Dezember 2003, eventuell länger, eine Lehrkraft mit Muttersprache Deutsch für den Grundschulunterricht der Deutschen Abteilung des Lycée International von Ferney-Voltaire. Die Arbeit des Vereins wird vom CERN unterstützt. Der Unterricht findet einmal wöchentlich am Dienstagnachmittag von 13.30 Uhr bis 16.30 Uhr in Räumen des Collège in Prévessin statt. Falls Sie Interesse und Fragen haben, wenden Sie sich bitte telefonisch an die 1. Vorsitzende des Elternvereins Frau M. Dittus (0033(0)450.20.65.97) oder die Koordinatorin des Grundschulunterrichts der Deutschen Abteilung Frau Maurice-Gril (0033(0)450.41.29.34). Bewerbungen bitte bis zum 21.05.2003 an folgende Adresse: Lycée International Section Allemande, Madeleine Dittus Présidente A.P.E.G. B.P.156 01216 Ferney-Voltaire E-Mail : deutsche.abteilung.ferney@libertysurf.fr

  18. Ein „Untergrund-Kodex“ in der deutschen multilingualen Gesellschaft: Kanak Sprak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elcio Loureiro Cornelsen

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Unser Beitrag fokussiert auf ein sprachliches Phänomen in der gegenwärtigen Gesellschaft in Deutschland, das auch im kulturellen Bereich Folgen hat: die sogenannte „Kanak Sprak“. In ihrer Beziehung zur deutschen Sprache wäre die Kanak Sprak, also die Sprache des Kanaken, ein Ethnolekt, wie Martin Schramm sie in einem Artikel Verhunztes Deutsch oder Sprachkultur? aus dem Jahr 2011 definiert. Nach der Meinung des Journalisten und türkisch-deutschen Schriftstellers Feridun Zaimoğlu wäre Kanake übrigens „ein Etikett, das nach mehr als 30 Jahren Immigrationsgeschichte von Türken nicht nur Schimpfwort ist, sondern auch ein Name, den ‚Gastarbeiterkinder’ der zweiten und vor allem der dritten Generation mit stolzem Trotz führen“ (2007: 9. In diesem Sinne zielt unsere Studie darauf ab, diesen „Untergrund-Kodex“ (2007: 13, wie Feridun Zaimoğlu ihn bezeichnet, in den folgenden Werken von Zaimoğlu zu untersuchen: Kanak Sprak – 24 Mißtöne vom Rande der Gesellschaft (Erstauflage 1995; 2007 und Kopf und Kragen – Kanak-Kultur-Kompendium (Erstauflage 2001; 2006. Schließlich soll darauf hingewiesen werden, dass solche Werke als „Konternarrative der Nation“ (Bhabha 1990: 149 interpretiert werden können. Our contribution focuses on a linguistic phenomenon in contemporary society in Germany, which has as well consequences in the cultural field: the so-called kanak sprak. In their relationship with the German language reflects the kanak sprak, the language of the kanaks, an “ethnolect”, as Martin Schramm would define it. According to the journalist and Turkish-German author/writer Feridun Zaimoğlu would kanake be defined as “a label that not only is a dirty word for more than 30 years history of immigration of Turks, but also a name that the children of the Gastarbeiter of especially the second and the third generation lead with proud defiance” (2007: 9. In this sense, our study aims to analyze this “underground Code

  19. Deutsch-dänische Kulturbrille

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, Katarina Le; Hallsteinsdóttir, Erla

    Projekts Nationale Stereotype und Marketingstrategien in der deutsch-dänischen interkulturellen Kommunikation (SMiK). Mit dem Leitfaden stellen wir das im SMiK-Projekt erarbeitete und wissenschaftlich gesicherte Wissen um deutsch-dänische stereotype Handlungsmuster für die kleinen und mittelständischen...

  20. [Bernt Ahrenholz : Verweise mit Demonstrativa im Gesprochenen Deutsch...] / Klaus Geyer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Geyer, Klaus

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Ahrenholz, Bernt. Verweise mit Demonstrativa im gesprochenen Deutsch : Grammatik, Zweitspracherwerb und Deutsch als Fremdsprache. Berlin ; New York : de Gruyter, 2007. (Linguistik - Impulse & Tendenzen ; 17)

  1. 2011 annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Zerstoerungsfreie Pruefung (DGZfP). NDE in research, development and application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    This CD-ROM proceedings publication contains the papers and posters of the DGZfP annual meeting 2011, at Bremen, Germany, both in full text and as PowerPoint presentations. The following issues were discussed: Radiographic inspection, ultrasonic inspection, computerized tomography, and thermography. Ten papers were recorded as separate entries in the ENERGY database. [de

  2. [Variation im heutigen Deutsch...] / Laura Tidrike

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tidrike, Laura

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Variation im heutigen Deutsch : Perspektiven für den Sprachunterricht / hrsg. v. Eva Neuland. Frankfurt am Main : Lang, 2006. (Sprache - Kommunikation - Kultur. Soziolinguistische Beiträge ; Vol. 4)

  3. Glaube in der multireligiösen Gesellschaft: Zur Bildungskompetenz ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Anrede zu verweigern, “weil sie dies als Frauen nicht verdienten”. 3. Konflikte und Spannungen dieser Art sind an den Schulen Österreichs und. Deutschlands schon lange kein Einzelfall mehr. Sie resultieren aus einer zunehmenden religiösen und kulturellen Pluralisierung unserer Gesellschaft. Deren Ursachen sind ...

  4. Krisenkommunikation und Soziale Medien in der vernetzten Gesellschaft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Friederike; Utz, Sonja

    2013-01-01

    Krisen erschüttern die legitimierte soziale Ordnung und drücken strukturelle und normative Wandlungsprozesse der Gesellschaft aus. Diese Wandlungsprozesse beruhen unter anderem auf der Verbreitung neuer Kommunikationstechnologien wie sozialer Medien (Twitter, Facebook, Blogs, etc.), welche die Ko...

  5. Das Deutsch-Swahili Wörterbuch

    OpenAIRE

    Mdee, James S.

    2012-01-01

    Deutsch-Swahili Worterbuch is a bilingual German-Swahili Dictionary compiled by Karsten Legere and first published in 1990 Deutsch-Swahili Worterbuch (DSW) is aimed at the German student of Swahili, and to a lesser degree the Swahili speakers, who are advanced learners of German. The former use the dictionary for encoding Swahili and to translate German texts into Swahili The latter use it to decode German.

  6. Cost accounting in Kernforschungsanlage Juelich Gesellschaft mit beschraenkter Haftung (KFA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seidel, G.; Schilling, H.

    1979-01-01

    The paper gives an overview about the organization and the research program of the Kernforschungsanalage Juelich Gesellschaft mit beschraenkter Haftung (KFA). The cost accounting system is discussed in detail, cost categories, cost centers, units of production and the data flow of the cost accounting are described. The distribution of the resulting management accounting reports and all sorts of EDP-result listings of the cost accounting system is described. (A.N.)

  7. Lexikalische Landeskunde. Ein Spielmodell für den Deutsch als Fremdsprache-Unterricht zum Thema "Das Wort des Jahres"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Fornoff

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Im Anschluss an eine Erörterung und Problematisierung von „Sprachlernspielen“ im Fremdsprachenunterricht wird i n diesem Artikel ein gleichermaßen sprachbezogenes wie landeskundlich orientiertes Spielmodell entwickelt, das ausgehend von den alljährlich von der „Gesellschaft für deutsche Sprache“ gewählten „ W ö rte r n des Jahres ” aktuelle politische, gesellschaftliche und kulturelle Diskussionen in Deutschland zu erhellen sucht. Das detailliert explizierte Spiel modell bildet dabei nur den Ausgangspunkt für eine intertextuell vorgehende Landeskundedidaktik, die es erlaubt, unterschiedliche Medientexte entlang ihr er lexikalischen Verweisungshorizonte zu thematisch präzise fixierbaren Lektürearrangements zu verbinde n.

  8. Sprachvermittlung und Spracherwerb in Afrika. Deutsch nach ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lösung, als das schon überfüllte Programm an den Schulen noch um DaF zu erweitern? Klar ist auf alle Fälle, dass der Unterricht von Deutsch als Fremdsprache in Südafrika nicht ohne Probleme ist. Davon zeugen nicht zuletzt die zurückgehenden Lernerzahlen an Schulen und einigen Universitäten. Aber die Lösung ist ...

  9. Re-Purposing an OER for the Online Language Course: A Case Study of "Deutsch Interaktiv" by the Deutsche Welle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, Edward M.; Hondo, Junko

    2014-01-01

    This paper will describe pedagogical approaches for re-purposing an open educational resource (OER) designed and produced by the Deutsche Welle. This free online program, "Deutsch Interaktiv," consists of authentic digital videos, slideshows and audio texts and gives a contemporary overview of the culture and language in Germany, Austria…

  10. Heart transplantation at the Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiemann, Nicola E; Huebler, Michael; Lehmkuhl, Hans; Potapov, Evgenij V; Hetzer, Roland

    2010-01-01

    The Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin is one of the largest transplant centers in Germany with more than 1700 transplant procedures, more than 170 being procedures in children, in patients from the beginning of life to 71 years of age. Survival rates during the early and intermediate follow-up are lower than in international data; however, long-term survival at 15 years or more is similar. Discrepant survival rates derive mainly from the organ shortage that resulted in the development of a different allocation system in Germany as compared to North America and in the increasing number of patients undergoing the bridge-to-transplant concept to move the patient to transplantability. Thus, the patient at highest risk of death while on the waiting list, who according to the ISHLT registry is also the patient at highest risk of death early post-transplant, is the candidate most likely to undergo transplantation in Germany. Unfortunately, the myth persists of solving the donor organ shortage by increasing the "fairness" of organ allocation. Major goals of our transplant program are: the introduction of non-invasive cellular rejection screening with the intramyocardial electrogram (IMEG) and echocardiography; to characterize microvasculopathy in biopsy as a novel and easily diagnosed marker for poor prognosis; to identify Quilty as a determinant for poor prognosis; to propose classifications for microvasculopathy and epicardial vasculopathy that consider the diffuse character of the disease; and to provide insights into the therapeutic options and potential clinical benefits of novel immunosuppressive strategies.

  11. 46. annual meeting of the Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft e.V. Joint symposium of the ILP/SFB 108 on the continental lithosphere - structure, composition and processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1986-01-01

    198 papers were read on continental lithosphere investigations. Physical, and especially seismic methods were given particular attention. Geothermal exploration, safety studies on salt strata, and the identification of nuclear weapons tests were gone into. Separate records are available for 22 papers. (PW) [de

  12. Obituary: Lynne Karen Deutsch, 1954-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprague, Ann L.

    2004-12-01

    It is with deep sadness and regret that we note the passing of our dear friend and colleague Prof. Lynne K. Deutsch. Lynne died on 2 April 2004 after a protracted illness and lengthy battle with complications caused by the blood disease Polycythaemia Vera. Lynne was born in Chicago on 26 November 1956 to Victor and Ailsa Deutsch. She lived with her family in the town of Morton Grove, IL until she was 8 years old, when they moved to Beverly Hills, CA. She was an outgoing child who played basketball and excelled in her studies. She graduated from Beverly Hills High School at the age of 16 after completing all high school requirements in only three years. Lynne had a beautiful singing voice, and was in the chorus in high school and college. Lynne earned her first bachelor's degree in philosophy from the University of California at Berkeley in 1977. She then returned to Berkeley and received a second bachelor's degree, this time in physics, in 1981. She was a graduate student and teaching assistant at MIT and earned an MS in physics from MIT in 1983. Lynne then attended the astronomy graduate program at Harvard University, where she earned her MA in 1985 and PhD in 1990. During her degree studies she began crafting mid-infrared instrumentation. These instruments were destined to be used by a host of eager observers to discover, identify, and study many emissions from the Solar System, and galactic and extragalactic sources. Lynne was a National Research Council Post-doctoral Fellow at NASA Ames Research Center from 1990 - 1992, where she played an important role in the development of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory/University of Arizona Mid-Infrared Array Camera (MIRAC), a well-known and much sought after instrument frequently used in studies of Mercury, Jupiter, the Moon, planetary nebulae, star formation regions, galactic center, young stellar objects, and extragalactic objects. After leaving NASA Ames Research Center, Lynne taught for several years (1993

  13. Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS). Annual report 2010/2011; Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS). Jahresbericht 2010/2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    The annual report 2010/11 of the Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) covers the following topics: organization, corporate development and public relations; reactor accident in Fukushima; Projects and work priorities (reactor safety; waste management; radiation and environmental protection; international projects); project management and project support; equity participations and subsidiaries (RISKAUDIT IRSN/GRS International; institute for safety technologies (ISTec), European Nuclear Safety Training and Tutoring Institute (ENSTTI)).

  14. Medien im Deutsch-als-Fremdsprache-Unterricht: "Die Deutsche Welle" (Media in the German-as-a-Foreign-Language Classroom: Deutsche Welle).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froehlich, Jurgen

    1996-01-01

    "Deutsche Welle" broadcasts German television programs, which are becoming increasingly popular in the United States. Available around the clock every day of the year, these programs offer new and interesting opportunities to make German instruction lively and attractive. This report is concerned with practical considerations and is…

  15. Deutsch als "leicht zu erlernende Fremdsprache"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurtz, Gunde

    2005-01-01

    die Nutzung leichter Stellen im Mittelpunkt (3. Dabei werden einige Kandidaten benannt, die sowohl aus vorliegenden Forschungsergebnissen als auch aus Beobachtungen in Alltag und Fremdsprachenunterricht (FSU gewonnen wurden. Die so gewonnenen Einsichten sind als Arbeitshypothesen und somit als im Wandel begriffen zu verstehen.Ich möchte mit diesem Beitrag einladen zu einer neuen Perspektive auf das Deutsche als Fremdsprache, und zwar mit der Absicht etwas zu verändern:"Applied linguistics is not simply a matter of matching up findings about language with pre-existing problems but of using findings to explore how the perception of problems might be changed. It may be that when problems are reformulated from a different point of view they become more amenable to solution. This changed perception may then, in turn, have implications for linguistics." (Cook : 2003: 10Mein Ziel ist erreicht, wenn sich vorliegende Fragestellung als Schlüssel zu verbesserter DaF-Unterrichtspraxis ("problems [...] become more amenable to solution" erweist. Falls sie sogar "implications for linguistics" zeitigt, umso besser.

  16. Deutsches Atomforum e.V. annual report 1984

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1985-01-01

    A report on the various activities and tasks of Deutsches Atomforum (German Forum of Atomics) in 1984, including analyses, information and statements on the peaceful utilization of nuclear energy. It contains the most important data on nuclear energy in 1984, organs of and events organized by Deutsches Atomforum; operational results of power plants; total electricity generation in German power plants in 1984 rose by 40% compared to the previous year; discussion of key points in the sectors engineering and industry, public relations and press, legal affairs and administration, economy and industry, international cooperation. Information on activities of the financing society for nuclear reactors is supplied as well. (HSCH) [de

  17. Chemical and sensory characteristics of Bunte Deutsche Edelziege ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    use

    2011-11-11

    Nov 11, 2011 ... Key words: Goat meat, Bunte Deutsche Edelziege, Balkan goat, chemical composition, colour, sensory characteristics. INTRODUCTION. Goat and kid meat have great importance in the diet, especially in Asian, African and South American countries, although goat meat production is four times less than the ...

  18. Chemical and sensory characteristics of Bunte Deutsche Edelziege ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chemical and sensory characteristics of Bunte Deutsche Edelziege and Balkan goat meat. ... African Journal of Biotechnology ... that the meat of Balkan goat has better sensory characteristics in relation to the meat of BDE, although chemical composition and colour characteristics were found to be similar in both meat.

  19. 2015 Annual Meeting of the German Gesellschaft für Arbeitswissenschaft

    CERN Document Server

    Stock, Patricia; Bruder, Ralph; Schlick, Christopher

    2016-01-01

    These proceedings summarize the best papers in each research area represented at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the German Gesellschaft für Arbeitswissenschaft, held at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) from February 26-28. The meeting featured more than 160 presentations and 30 posters reflecting the diversity of subject matter in the field of human and industrial engineering.

  20. Kanadas Gesellschaft im Spiegel des Familiendramas - ein kulturwissenschaftlicher Beitrag zum anglo-kanadischen Theater der Gegenwart

    OpenAIRE

    Wagner, Iris

    2006-01-01

    Seit dem aufsehenerregenden Aufschwung des anglo-kanadischen Theaters in den 60er Jahren des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts hat das sozialkritische Drama in seinen zahlreichen Facetten die Kulturlandschaft in Kanada entscheidend geprägt. "Fragen persönlicher Identität in Familie, Gesellschaft und Kultur", erläutert die Kritikerin Judith Rudakoff, "wurden von einer Gruppe ganz unterschiedlicher Dramatiker miteinander verbunden. Ihre in Form und Inhalt individuellen Aussagen wirkten zusammen und führ...

  1. 4. DaFWEBKON 2015 Deutsch spielerisch gestalten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharina Kaiser-Müller

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Vom 6. bis 8. März 2015 wird die DaFWEBKON 2015, die vierte Online-Konferenz speziell für Deutsch als Fremdsprache Lehrende, ausschließlich via Internet stattfinden. Die WebKonferenz, die seit 2012 jährlich durchgeführt wird, richtet sich an die Zielgruppe der DaF/DaZ - Lehrenden und Interessierten ... Was ist die DaFWEBKON? Die Konferenz 2015 steht unter dem Motto: Deutsch spielerisch gestalten! und fokussiert auf den Einsatz von spielerischen Elementen im Deutschunterricht, "Serious Games", den Einsatz von kommerziellen Computerspielen im Unterricht sowie webbasierten Spielen und Apps. Der Link zum Flyer mit einem groben inhaltlichen Überblick: http://dafwebkon.com/wp/?p=836

  2. Quantum Cryptography Based on the Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagata, Koji; Nakamura, Tadao; Farouk, Ahmed

    2017-09-01

    Recently, secure quantum key distribution based on Deutsch's algorithm using the Bell state is reported (Nagata and Nakamura, Int. J. Theor. Phys. doi: 10.1007/s10773-017-3352-4, 2017). Our aim is of extending the result to a multipartite system. In this paper, we propose a highly speedy key distribution protocol. We present sequre quantum key distribution based on a special Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm using Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states. Bob has promised to use a function f which is of one of two kinds; either the value of f( x) is constant for all values of x, or else the value of f( x) is balanced, that is, equal to 1 for exactly half of the possible x, and 0 for the other half. Here, we introduce an additional condition to the function when it is balanced. Our quantum key distribution overcomes a classical counterpart by a factor O(2 N ).

  3. Schreiben auf Deutsch in Japan : Abstufung zwischen akademisch und wissenschaftlich

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt, Maria Gabriela

    2013-01-01

    In dem Beitrag wird zunächst eine Unterscheidung von akademischem und wissenschaftlichem Schreiben aus didaktischen Gründen vorgeschlagen. Für den Fremdsprachenunterricht Deutsch als Fremdsprache in Japan ist darüberhinaus der Einfluss eigenkultureller Textmusterkonvention zu beachten. „Akademisches Schreiben“ lehnt sich an die englische Bezeichnung „academic writing“ an. In der deutschsprachigen Literatur findet sich häufig „wissenschaftliches Schreiben“, mit dem man ein hohes sprachliches N...

  4. Social Media Reifegradmodell für die deutsche Versicherungswirtschaft

    OpenAIRE

    Füllgraf, Nicola; Völler, Michaele

    2012-01-01

    Social Media werden mittlerweile auch von vielen deutschen Versicherern für die Kommunikation mit ihren Kunden und Interessenten eingesetzt. Die Intensität und der Erfolg unterscheiden sich jedoch signifikant voneinander. Inhalt dieses Artikel ist ein Reifegradmodell für die deutsche Versicherungswirtschaft, das auf Basis belastbarer Key Performance Indikatoren die Social Media-Reife eines Versicherungsunternehmens in Form eines Ratings bemisst. Weiterhin wird eine erste Einschätzung des Reif...

  5. Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum Heidelberg. Research report 1997/1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    The Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum Heidelberg (DKFZ, German Cancer Research Center) publishes alternating every year the 'Research Report' and the 'Wissenschaftlicher Ergebnisbericht' (in German). Both volumes are reports on the present state of research activities of the DKFZ as a National Research Center to the funding federal and state authorities (Federal Republic of Germany, Land (state) Baden-Wuerttemberg). Furthermore they shall inform colleagues and the scientifically interested public. Both reports are structured according to the center's eight research programs. (orig.) [de

  6. Deutsch als Fremdsprache : 49. Jahrgang, 1. Quartal 2012, 1. Heft

    OpenAIRE

    Herder-Institut

    2012-01-01

    Inhaltsverzeichnis: Maik Walter / Seanna Doolittle Vorfeldfortschritte im Deutschen als Fremdsprache. Eine lernerkorpusbasierte Longitudinalanalyse amerikanischer Deutschlerner 3 Ingo Fehrmann / Max Möller Verwendungen von machen + Adjektiv als Beispiel für eine musterbezogene DaF-Vermittlung 12 Antje Töpel Kontrollierte Definitionswortschätze im Lernerwörterbuch 20 Li Chong Deutsch als Fremdsprache in einem englisch-chinesischen Umfeld. Heutige Situation und Förderung in Hongkong 27...

  7. Audio-Immersion und Deutsch als Fremdsprache (Audio-Immersion and German as a Foreign Language)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Lothar

    1973-01-01

    Based on a paper by H. Schenk presented at 3. Arbeitstagung der Gesellschaft fur Angewandte Linguistik, Stuttgart, West Germany, 7-9 October, 1971 (Third Workshop of the Society for Applied Linguistics). (DD)

  8. Alfred Rosenberg und die Nordische Gesellschaft – Der „nordische Gedanke“ in Theorie und Praxis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgitta Almgren; Jan Hecker-Stampehl; Ernst Piper

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This contribution traces the emergence, Gleichschaltung, expansion and demise of the Nordische Gesellschaft [Nordic Society] with a special focus on its leading protagonist Alfred Rosenberg. In the beginning of the article, the history of ideas and the organisa-tional foundations of the society are being set as a background. In the main part of the text the Nordische Gesellschaft’s activity during the “Third Reich” and under Rosenberg’s auspices is being analysed. Sources used comprise both archival material as well as the NG’s own publications

  9. WDM application in the network of Deutsche Telekom AG

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocks, Manfred; Ehrhardt, Armin; Gladisch, Andreas; Hanik, Norbert; Lehr, Georg

    1999-01-01

    Optical fiber cable are worldwide installed, e.g. about 43 million kilometers in 1997, an annual growth rate of about 20% is expected. This infrastructure is an excellent basis to convert optical networks based on point-to point systems into managed photonic networks in which new additional photonic equipment is used. Deutsche Telekom started in 1997 some tests with new wavelength division multiplex (WDM) technology in their network in which standard single mode fiber is very dominant. We report on some of these tests and also on first WDM-links in the network carrying real traffic.

  10. 2008 Winter meeting of the Deutsches Atomforum: opening address

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hohlefelder, W.

    2008-01-01

    It has always been a tradition at the Winter Meeting of the Deutsches Atomforum to review the status of nuclear power in the world, in Europe and, of course, in Germany. On the global and European scenes, nuclear power is experiencing an upswing, while it continues to be blocked in Germany. Given the pressing issues of climate protection, continuity of energy supply, and the prices of energy resources, the future of nuclear power can well be seen in an optimistic light. The EU Commission recognizes the potential of nuclear power for a sustainable energy mix; the mood of the German public is shifting; and even media known for their critical attitude to nuclear power are now clamoring for an unbiased discussion of the issue. The ideological ban on thinking is waning. There will be a reassessment of nuclear power also in Germany because of the realities to be faced. If you really want to protect the climate, you cannot exclude the nuclear power option. After all, this is not a matter of confrontation designed to divide society; such times are past and gone for nuclear power. There is need for a factual dialog. We extend a sincere invitation to join in this dialog, and we want to contribute to it. After all, this is the true purpose of the Deutsches Atomforum, to which all of us feel committed. (orig.)

  11. Results of selected research projects of information and communication technology at RAG Deutsche Steinkohle; Ergebnisse ausgewaehlter Forschungsprojekte der Informations- und Kommunikationstechnik bei der RAG Deutsche Steinkohle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ostermann, Dirk [RAG Mining Solutions GmbH, Herne (Germany); Zentralbereich IT-Strategie, RAG Aktiengesellschaft, Herne (Germany); Skirde, Juergen; Bramsiepe, Heribert [RAG Deutsche Steinkohle AG, Herne (Germany). IT-Infrastruktur

    2009-10-01

    RAG Deutsche Steinkohle participated in two important research and development projects between 2006 and 2009. The important developments such as RFID, mobile WLAN camera and underground mobile radio are described in this contribution. (orig.)

  12. Taiwans multi-ethnische Gesellschaft und die postkoloniale Situation der Ureinwohner am Beispiel ihrer zeitgenössischen Rituale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rudolph, Michael

    2012-01-01

    In diesem Beitrag wird das Phänomen postkolonialer Identitätskonstruktion am Beispiel der Restaurierung und Re-Interpretation der rituellen Traditionen von Taiwans Ureinwohnern nachgezeichnet. Es wird argumentiert, dass sich Taiwans Gesellschaft heute insgesamt in einer Phase postkolonialer Ident...

  13. The Anatomische Gesellschaft and National Socialism - A preliminary analysis based on the society proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkelmann, Andreas

    2012-06-01

    The Anatomische Gesellschaft (AG) is an international society for the anatomical sciences and at the same time the main organising body for German anatomists. This study analyses how the AG went through the years of National Socialism. As the society does not possess archival material from that time, the analysis is mainly based on the society proceedings (Verhandlungen der Anatomischen Gesellschaft) published annually after each meeting from 1934 to 1939 and again in 1950. During the period of National Socialism, the AG kept its international status against demands to make it a purely German society. It did not introduce anti-Jewish regulations or the Führer principle into its bylaws. The membership directories reveal that it was at least possible for members whose career was disrupted by Nazi policies to remain on the membership lists throughout the Nazi period. However, in contrast to later assumptions that no persecuted member of the AG was ever struck from its register, 17 of 57 persecuted members left the society between 1933 and 1939. The membership of six of these members was cancelled, officially for unpaid fees. However, other members with much longer arrears were not cancelled. To date, no additional historical information is available to assess the circumstances of these cancellations. In general, it remains remarkable that, in contrast to many other societies, the AG did not follow the path of preemptive obedience towards the new rulers. More archival sources need to be uncovered to elucidate the external influences and internal negotiations behind the published documents. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier GmbH.

  14. [Gunnar Meyer. "Besitzende Bürger" und "Elende Sieche". Lübecks Gesellschaft im Spiegel ihrer Testamente 1400-1449] / Dennis Hortmuth

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hormuth, Dennis

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Gunnar Meyer. "Besitzende Bürger" und "Elende Sieche". Lübecks Gesellschaft im Spiegel ihrer Testamente 1400-1449. (Verhöffentlichungen zur Geschichte der Hansestadt Lübeck. B. 48). (Lübeck, 2010)

  15. [Ulrike Plath. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands] / Olaf Mertelsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mertelsmann, Olaf, 1969-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Plath, Ulrike. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands: Freundheitskonstruktionen, lebenswelten, Kolonialphantasien 1750-1810 (Veröffenlichungen des Nordost-Instituts, Bd. 11.)Harrasowitz. Wiesbaden 2011

  16. Comments to the German society's for radiation protection (Gesellschaft fur Strahlenschutz) proposed principles for radiation protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Persson, L.

    2002-01-01

    The German Society for Radiation Protection (in German Gesellschaft fur Strahlenschutz) is a separate society for radiation protection in Germany in addition to the leading society named Association of German and Swiss Radiation Protection Specialists (in German Fachverband fur Strahlenschutz). The Society is an international professional society. There are several hundreds members of the German Society for Radiation Protection. The German Society for Radiation Protection is not a member of IRPA (the International Radiation Protection Society). The IRPA member is the Association of German and Swiss Radiation Protection Specialists. According to information given on the web site of the Society for Radiation Protection (www.gfstrahlenschutz.de) the Society was founded in 1990 because in the opinion of the founding members the older professional societies and associations have not adequately considered and implemented the present knowledge of radiation risks and radiation protection. In accordance with its statutes the society pursues besides other aims the best possible protection of humans and the environment from the detrimental action of ionising and non-ionising radiation. The dealing with ionising and non-ionising radiation can according to the Society only be justified on the basis of biological and medical state of the art knowledge

  17. Deutsch's CTC Model and its Implications for the Foundations of Quantum Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, Lucas

    This dissertation is an exploration of several issues surrounding David Deutsch's CTC model first introduced in his 1991 paper "Quantum Mechanics Near Closed Timelike Lines". Deutsch developed his model to account for the effects of quantum theory, which had been left out of classical discussions of time travel paradoxes. Deutsch's formulation of his model in terms of quantum computational circuits lends itself to being adopted in the quantum information community. The dissertation argues that the adoption of the D-CTC model entails the existence of Nonlocal Signaling, which is in conflict with a fundamental principle of the quantum information approach. In order to motivate this argument, in Chapter 2 I introduce a distinction between Nonlocal Signaling, and Superluminal Information Transfer. In the latter case, a carrier of information physically traverses the space between the distant communicating parties faster than the speed of light. Exploiting quantum entanglement to signal, however, need not have this feature. I term this Nonlocal Signaling. Chapter 3 is where I present the argument that D-CTCs entail Nonlocal Signaling, and examine the controversy surrounding this and related results. I argue that the resistance to these kinds of predictions in the literature is motivated by a commitment to the principles of quantum information theory, which are inappropriately applied here. Chapters 4 and 5 examine details of Deutsch's model. Chapter 4 argues that it presupposes a significant metaphysical picture that, when explicitly stated, makes a much less comfortable fit between D-CTCs and quantum information theory. Chapter 5 argues that, because of Deutsch's commitment to this metaphysical picture, he is committed to the existence of physical situations that are in every way indistinguishable from the paradoxes he attempts to rule out by adopting the model in the first place. In Chapter 6, I make some observations about the relationship between the quantum

  18. Abstracts of papers presented at the 8th workshop of the Virology Section of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hygiene und Mikro-biologie, Würzburg, March 17-19, 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-09-01

    17 adenovirus strains were found to be antigenically related to prototype Ad 15 by neutralization. No relationship to Ad 15, but to Ad 9 could be detected by hemagglutination-inhibition; we therefore named them Ad 15/H9 intermediate strains. After analysis of the genome by five different restriction enzymes, the fragment patterns obtained deviated widely from the prototype Ad 15, but only slightly from Ad 9. Differences could also be observed among the variants. After digestion by five restriction enzymes, altogether six genome types could be established among the 17 intermediate strains. To map the variations on the genome of the 15/H9 strains, two methods were employed: the double digestion of the DNA and DNA fragments together with the determination of the terminal fragments made it possible to construct a physical map. The second method depends on a particularity of adenoviruses: the DNA is covalently linked with a 55 kD protein at the 5' terminus. After digestion of the DNA, which does contain this protein, the terminal DNA fragments do not migrate into the agarose gel; after an additional digestion with pronase B, they do migrate into the gel. Thus the terminal fragments were determined by comparing the fragment patterns with and without previous pronase B treatment.

  19. Bunsen meeting 2000: 99. general meeting of Deutsche Bunsen-Gesellschaft fuer Physikalische Chemie e.V. - chemical and electrochemical energy storage and energy conversion; Bunsentagung 2000. Chemische und Elektrochemische Energie-Speicherung und -Wandlung mit Industriesymposium Batterien und Brennstoffzellen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stimming, U.; Wokaun, A.; Sandstede, G.; Mund, K. [comps.

    2000-07-01

    This proceedings volume contains abstracts of research reports and posters in the field of accumulators and fuel cells. [German] Dieser Tagungsband enthaelt Kurzfassungen von Fortschrittsberichten und Kurzvortraegen auf dem Gebiet der Batterien und Brennstoffzellen.

  20. The Anatomische Gesellschaft and National Socialism: an analysis based on newly available archival material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkelmann, Andreas

    2015-09-01

    The newly available scientific estate of Heinrich von Eggeling (1869-1954), long-time secretary of the Anatomische Gesellschaft (AG), allows a more profound analysis of how this scientific association went through the period of the "Third Reich". At the first meeting under the new rulers in 1934, von Eggeling and Siegfried Mollier prevented their board colleague Martin Heidenhain from giving an introductory talk because they (not unjustly) feared anti-Jewish protests, but also because many anatomy professors, like other German scholars, were fervent nationalists who welcomed Hitler and largely accepted the expulsion of Jewish and other colleagues as 'inevitable' for national renewal. Many persecuted members nevertheless remained on the membership lists and the AG never officially introduced anti-Jewish bylaws. Eggeling and his like-minded colleagues successfully defended the international status of the AG, though not so much against the Nazi authorities but against a younger generation of anatomists who were willing to benefit from the new political situation and strived for their own German anatomical association. The available archival material suggests that the motivation of the established leading members of the AG to take this specific path was not rooted in opposition to the new rulers but rather in defence of their traditional status of reputed professors running a time-honoured, world leading society. This made international reputation an important guideline for many decisions. While they did ward off attempts by the younger generation to politicise the AG, their post-war calls for an apolitical science remain ambivalent, as their own stance had not always been apolitical. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  1. Religion und Religionsunterricht in einer pluralen Gesellschaft. Empirische Perspektiven, entwickelt und kommentiert aus protestantischer Perspektive.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Günter Heimbrock

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISH: Sociology of religion assumes that the gap between personal believing and people`s belonging to religious groups in contemporary European societies is still growing. At the same time theologians often summon the idea of an overall decline of personal truth convictions anyhow. The article evaluates the empirical data from selected German schools looking for teacher`s personal adoption of religious orientation in subject-related ways. It evaluates the interplay between personal position-taking of teachers, their classroom practice and its constitutive factors (pupils, contexts of school and schooling etc.. DEUTSCH: Wie gehen Religionslehrkräfte an öffentlichen Schulen unter Bedingungen gesellschaftlicher Pluralisierung mit der eigenen religiösen Position um? Passt die Bezugnahme auf die eigene Glaubensüberzeugung noch in die Gegenwart? Der Beitrag skizziert Problemhorizonte dieser Frage, umreißt zentrale religionspädagogische Herausforderungen und entwickelt Antworten auf der Basis einer regionalen empirischen Untersuchung. Daraus ergibt sich eine neue Perspektive für den Konfessionsbezug des Religionsunterrichts.

  2. Normalizing the Supernormal: The Formation of the “Gesellschaft Für Psychologische Forschung” (“Society for Psychological Research”), c. 1886–1890

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sommer, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    This paper traces the formation of the German “Gesellschaft für psychologische Forschung” (“Society for Psychological Research”), whose constitutive branches in Munich and Berlin were originally founded as inlets for alternatives to Wundtian experimental psychology from France and England, that is, experimental researches into hypnotism and alleged supernormal phenomena. By utilizing the career trajectories of Max Dessoir and Albert von Schrenck-Notzing as founding members of the “Gesellschaft,” this paper aims to open up novel perspectives regarding extra-scientific factors involved in historically determining the epistemological and methodological boundaries of nascent psychology in Germany. PMID:23169462

  3. Two Thematic Units for the Middle School Curriculum: An Initiative by the "Kinder lernen Deutsch" Steering Committee's Writing Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busch, Iris; Freimann-Cavanaugh, Corinna; Eichler, Ester

    2009-01-01

    The Kinder lernen Deutsch Committee (KLD) is a standing committee of the AATG that has existed since 1987 and that was originally charged to support the advocacy of German in grades K-8. With generous funding by the Standige Arbeitsgruppe Deutsch als Fremdsprache (StADaF) from the German government and the Goethe-Institut, the Kinder lernen…

  4. Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache and the Oral Proficiency Interview: A Comparison of Test Scores and Examinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalande, John F.; Schweckendiek, Jurgen

    1986-01-01

    Investigates what correlations might exist between an individual's score on the Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache and on the Oral Proficiency Interview. The tests themselves are briefly described. Results indicate that the two tests appear to correlate well in their evaluation of speaking skills. (SED)

  5. The Place of "Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache" in the German Curriculum. A Report of a Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Gerd K.

    The "Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache," an examination developed by the Adult Education Centers in West Germany and the Goethe Institute to measure a student's proficiency in German as a foreign language, consists of two main parts, group testing and individual testing. The group testing section covers listening and reading…

  6. 7 Thesen zum Weißbuch 2016 unter dem Blickwinkel von Naturwissenschaft und Technik im Hinblick auf ihre Implikationen für Gesellschaft und Bundeswehr

    OpenAIRE

    Wiemken, Uwe

    2015-01-01

    Uwe Wiemken, ehemaliger Institutsleiter am Fraunhofer-Institut für Naturwissenschaftlich-Technische Trendanalysen (INT), formuliert im Nachgang zum Weißbuch-Workshop „Perspektiven Bundeswehr in der Gesellschaft“ sieben Thesen aus der Sicht von Naturwissenschaft und Technik mit Blick auf ihre Implikationen für Gesellschaft und Bundeswehr.

  7. [Das Bild und die Wahrnehmung der Stadt und der städtischen Gesellschaft im Hanseraum im Mittelalter und in der frühen Neuzeit] / Juhan Kreem

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreem, Juhan

    2009-01-01

    Arvustus: Das Bild und die Wahrnehmung der Stadt und der städtischen Gesellschaft im Hanseraum im Mittelalter und in der frühen Neuzeit. hrsg. v. Roman Czaja. Torun, 2004. Torunis 2002. aastal toimunud konverentsi materjalid. Projekti "Pilt ja linn" raames ilmunud publikatsioonide loendit saab näha aadressil http://www.historiaurbium.org/english/attivita_images_en.html.

  8. Prevention, diagnosis, therapy and follow-up care of sepsis: 1st revision of S-2k guidelines of the German Sepsis Society (Deutsche Sepsis-Gesellschaft e.V. (DSG and the German Interdisciplinary Association of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin (DIVI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinhart, K.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Practice guidelines are systematically developed statements and recommendations that assist the physicians and patients in making decisions about appropriate health care measures for specific clinical circumstances taking into account specific national health care structures. The 1st revision of the S-2k guideline of the German Sepsis Society in collaboration with 17 German medical scientific societies and one self-help group provides state-of-the-art information (results of controlled clinical trials and expert knowledge on the effective and appropriate medical care (prevention, diagnosis, therapy and follow-up care of critically ill patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. The guideline had been developed according to the “German Instrument for Methodological Guideline Appraisal” of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies (AWMF. In view of the inevitable advancements in scientific knowledge and technical expertise, revisions, updates and amendments must be periodically initiated. The guideline recommendations may not be applied under all circumstances. It rests with the clinician to decide whether a certain recommendation should be adopted or not, taking into consideration the unique set of clinical facts presented in connection with each individual patient as well as the available resources.

  9. Prevention, diagnosis, therapy and follow-up care of sepsis: 1st revision of S-2k guidelines of the German Sepsis Society (Deutsche Sepsis-Gesellschaft e.V. (DSG)) and the German Interdisciplinary Association of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin (DIVI)).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhart, K; Brunkhorst, F M; Bone, H-G; Bardutzky, J; Dempfle, C-E; Forst, H; Gastmeier, P; Gerlach, H; Gründling, M; John, S; Kern, W; Kreymann, G; Krüger, W; Kujath, P; Marggraf, G; Martin, J; Mayer, K; Meier-Hellmann, A; Oppert, M; Putensen, C; Quintel, M; Ragaller, M; Rossaint, R; Seifert, H; Spies, C; Stüber, F; Weiler, N; Weimann, A; Werdan, K; Welte, T

    2010-06-28

    Practice guidelines are systematically developed statements and recommendations that assist the physicians and patients in making decisions about appropriate health care measures for specific clinical circumstances taking into account specific national health care structures. The 1(st) revision of the S-2k guideline of the German Sepsis Society in collaboration with 17 German medical scientific societies and one self-help group provides state-of-the-art information (results of controlled clinical trials and expert knowledge) on the effective and appropriate medical care (prevention, diagnosis, therapy and follow-up care) of critically ill patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. The guideline had been developed according to the "German Instrument for Methodological Guideline Appraisal" of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies (AWMF). In view of the inevitable advancements in scientific knowledge and technical expertise, revisions, updates and amendments must be periodically initiated. The guideline recommendations may not be applied under all circumstances. It rests with the clinician to decide whether a certain recommendation should be adopted or not, taking into consideration the unique set of clinical facts presented in connection with each individual patient as well as the available resources.

  10. Wissenschaftliches Schreiben in der Fremdsprache Deutsch : am Beispiel von Abschlussarbeiten französischer Studierender

    OpenAIRE

    François, Audrey

    2006-01-01

    Die vorliegende Arbeit befasst sich mit dem wissenschaftlichen Schreiben in der Fremdsprache Deutsch am Beispiel von Abschlussarbeiten französischer Studierender. Das Ziel der Dissertation ist herauszufinden, wie französische Germanistikstudierende die innere und äußere Form ihrer universitären Abschlussarbeit gestalten. Dabei soll untersucht werden, ob französische fortgeschrittene DaF-Lernende beim wissenschaftlichen Schreiben bestimmte Schwierigkeiten haben, die nicht allen DaF-Lerne...

  11. Experimental realization of Deutsch's algorithm in a one-way quantum computer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tame, M S; Prevedel, R; Paternostro, M; Böhi, P; Kim, M S; Zeilinger, A

    2007-04-06

    We report the first experimental demonstration of an all-optical one-way implementation of Deutsch's quantum algorithm on a four-qubit cluster state. All the possible configurations of a balanced or constant function acting on a two-qubit register are realized within the measurement-based model for quantum computation. The experimental results are in excellent agreement with the theoretical model, therefore demonstrating the successful performance of the algorithm.

  12. HISTORIA DE LAS ESTRATEGIAS PERIODISTICAS DEL PERIODICO VALDIVIA’S DEUTSCHE ZEITUNG, 1886-1912

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Bernedo Pinto

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the strategies applied by the editors of Valdivia’s Deutsche Zeitung, a German language newspaper in Valdivia (Chile, between 1886 and 1912. It seeks to explain the reasons behind the success or failure of these strategies and the social, political and economic elements involved. The author concludes that the closure of this paper was due to the inability to find a journalistics strategy in tune with the news interests of its readers

  13. [Sven Jüngerkes. Deutsche Besatzungsverwaltung in Lettland 1941-1945. Eine Kommunikations- und Kulturgeschichte nationalsozialistischer Organisationen] / Toomas Hiio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiio, Toomas, 1965-

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Jüngerkes, Sven.Deutsche Besatzungsverwaltung in Lettland 1941-1945. Eine Kommunikations- und Kulturgeschichte nationalsozialistischer Organisationen (Historische Kulturwissenschaft, 15). (Konstanz: UVK Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 2010)

  14. [Ulrike Plath. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands. Fremdheitskonstruktionen, Lebenswelten, Kolonialphantasien 1750-1850] / Lea Leppik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leppik, Lea, 1962-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Plath, Ulrike. Esten und Deutsche in den baltischen Provinzen Russlands. Fremdheitskonstruktionen, Lebenswelten, Kolonialphantasien 1750-1850 (Veröffentlichungen des Nordost-Institut, 11). Harrasowitz. Wiesbaden 2011.

  15. Schreiben Deutsch

    OpenAIRE

    Neumann, Astrid; Lehmann, Rainer H.

    2008-01-01

    Das DESI-Konstrukt Textproduktion ist in einer dreifachen theoretischen Verortung innerhalb der linguistischen Text-, Schreibprozess- und Schreibentwicklungsforschung, der Curriculumforschung und der empirischen Aufsatzforschung entstanden (vgl. Harsch u.a. 2007). Schreibfähigkeit wird dabei im Sinne der funktionalen Textlinguistik (Brinker 1988; deBeaugrande/Dressler 1981; Nussbaumer 1991) verstanden, bei der Texte als „komplex strukturierte, thematisch wie konzeptuell zusammenhängende sprac...

  16. Germany needs nuclear power also in the future. Position paper by the Kerntechnische Gesellschaft e.V

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    The prosperity to date, and the international rank of Germany have been based on the country's leadership in science and technology; nuclear technology has contributed importantly to this achievement. The know-how and the scientific and technical competence in the nuclear field built up over a period of four decades in Germany, and acknowledged worldwide, are highly jeopardized as a result of the current political attitude of the German federal government. The expert competence in many areas of nuclear technology required for current and possible future decisions can be maintained or expanded only if the appropriate boundary conditions are preserved. Consequently, the preservation of competence continues to require intense work on nuclear technology in research and teaching, especially in the areas of safety research, research into repositories, and future reactor concepts, both on a national basis and in international cooperation. The Kerntechnische Gesellschaft therefore requests the next German federal government to embark on an energy policy oriented towards the future and including all economic ecological, and social aspects. An energy policy with a long-term orientation is a precondition for Germany to again become a leading, competent center of high technology industry. Like the World Energy Council, KTG maintains that 'all energy options must be kept open'. (orig.) [de

  17. Do consumers have the right to drink healthy wine? An appraisal of the Deutsches Weintor case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inglese, Marco

    2013-09-01

    This article seeks to appraise the development that the Deutsches Weintor case will bring to EU law concerning health protection. The analysis will be carried out by highlighting the structure and the aims of Regulation no. 1924/2006/EC in order to assess its role in the construction of health as a fundamental right. Furthermore, attention will be devoted to how this judgment could affect the general theory behind fundamental rights and how it is placed in relation to the settled case law of the Court.

  18. Deutsche Fachsprachen: alte und neue Erfahrungen mit dem Begriff ‚Kultur’ in den Geisteswissenschaften und im Bereich Deutsch als Fremdsprache

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria J. P. Monteiro

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Nas áreas de estudos Alemão como Língua Estrangeira e Alemão para Fins Específicos é evidente, nos últimos anos, o uso inflacionário e até, às vezes, impróprio, de conceitos relacionados aos adjetivos cultural e intercultural. Frequentemente, os conceitos são usados de tal forma que apenas servem para fomentar o crescimento, a fixação e a difusão de estereótipos e preconceitos. No semestre de inverno 2006/07 foi oferecido um curso denominado “Fachsprachen und Kultur” (Magisterstudiengang Deutsch als Fremdsprache, no qual deveriam ser estudados os conceitos de cultura usados nas diferentes disciplinas. Aqui são apresentadas as conclusões de alguns participantes sobre o uso do conceito nas suas áreas principais ou secundárias. Os resulta dos mostram que se faz urgente e necessário ocupar-se com os conceitos de cultura que vigoram em nossa disciplina, para que estereótipos não se tornem a base de uma didática do Alemão como Língua Estrangeira.

  19. Nuclear energy in Germany. Annual report 1999 - Deutsches Atomforum e.V.. Working report 1999. Special issue for members of Deutsches Atomforum e.V

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gey, A.

    2000-01-01

    Total nuclear power generation in Germany in 1999 sums up to 169.7 billion kWh and thus almost equals the all-time high of the operating year 1997, which was at 170.4 billion kWh. Power generation in nuclear power plants has been contributing well a third of the total domestic power supply since 1988, which is about ten per cent of the national power consumption. This is one aspect of the information contained in the annual report of Deutsches Atomforum e.V. Expressing this 1999 output in terms of carbon dioxide emissions avoided, the figure is 170 million tonnes. This is equal to the annual CO2 emissions in 1999 emanating from road transport and traffic in Germany. From the very beginning of nuclear power generation in 1961 until today, aggregated nuclear power generation from uranium and plutonium fuels amounts to about 2.8 billion kWh, which means that over this period, more than two billion tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions have been avoided. (orig./CB) [de

  20. Critical review of the >>Stellungnahme zur 'deutschen Risikostudie' der Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit (GRS)<< by the Bremer Arbeits- und Umweltschutz-Zentrum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Danzmann, H.J.

    1981-08-01

    In August 1979, the German Risk Study was presented to the public by the Federal Minister of Research and Technology. The main contractor to prepare the German Risk Study is the Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit (GRS). The objective of the Study is to investigate the collective risk involved in accidents at nuclear power plants. The essential results and statements of the Study are comprised in a Summary submitted to the public in August 1979, too. In September 1979, the 'Bremer Arbeits- und Umweltschutz-Zentrum' ('BAUZ') published a 'Stellungnahme zur 'deutschen Risikostudie' der Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit (GRS)' (Review of the German Risk Study of the Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit), dealing only with the summary of this study, however. The BAUZ review is extremely critical of the German Risk Study and ends in condemning the peaceful utilization of nuclear energy as well as the competent authorities. The GRS review critique in hand scrutinizes the BAUZ paper according to the run of the text. Deliberately, one has renounced a comment in such cases where the reproaches slip in the political or ideological field. The object of the BAUZ review as well as of the GRS critique is the matter to be investigated, aim and methods of the investigations and the results of the German Risk Study. The revision of the review acknowledges that in some cases the tendency of criticism is justified. Often, however, the critique is only a sharpened repetition of what the GRS itself has identified as restrictions of accuracy and inherent significance of the results. In most items, however, the critique is rejected as to be wrong or not proof. (orig./HP) [de

  1. High rise building becomes a ''green tower''. Modernization of the Deutsche Bank administrative building at Frankfurt/Main; Hochhaus wird Green Tower. Modernisierung der Firmenzentrale Deutsche Bank in Frankfurt/M.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2009-05-15

    The modernization work on the Deutsche Bank building started in 2008 and will be finished by 2010. The modernized building will be environment-friendly and energy-saving. Energy consumption is to be reduced by at least 50 percent. The building will be the first object in Germany to receive the US Leed platinum certificate. (orig.)

  2. From Globalization to Liquidation: The Deutsch-Asiatische Bank and the First World War in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghassan Moazzin

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article uses the case of the Deutsch-Asiatische Bank and its liquidation during the First World War to examine the challenges faced by German businesses during the war in China and China’s involvement in Allied economic warfare. This case suggests the detrimental effect that political crises and global shifts of power had on foreign businesses in modern China’s globalized treaty port economy. It also reveals China’s role in the global economic warfare of the Allies, showing that China first resisted Allied demands for a full liquidation of the German bank but eventually acquiesced to Allied pressure and handed control over the liquidation to the Allies. As a consequence, China ended up violating the very international law it had put so much value on when entering the war.

  3. IT Tools for Foresight: The Integrated Insight and Response System of Deutsche Telekom Innovation Laboratories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohrbeck, René; Thom, Nico; Arnold, Heinrich

    2015-01-01

    In this article we present and discuss the IT tools that Deutsche Telekom Innovation Laboratories use to support their corporate foresight activities. These tools are integrated into an approach that encompasses the discovery of change, interpretation, and triggering managerial responses....... The overall system consists of a tool for scanning for weak signals on change (PEACOQ Scouting Tool), a tool for collecting internal ideas (PEACOQ Gate 0.5), and a tool for triggering organizational responses (Foresight Landing page). Particularly the link to innovation management and R&D strategy...... is discussed in detail. We further report on the value creation and lessons learned that have accumulated over the last eight years throughout which the tools and approach have been built gradually....

  4. Cybernetics and Social Order. Models and Images of Society in Norbert Wiener and Karl Deutsch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Carradore

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The present contribution aims at defining the relation between cybernetics and social theory from the perspective of society as order. After an historical framework of the cybernetic movement, a careful reading of the works of Norbert Wiener, in which he introduced the concept of feed-back and the idea of information society, has revealed a keen awareness about the social effects of technological innovation. Among the social scientists who had made use of cybernetic concepts, it has been considered the work of Karl Deutsch, which was one of the first completely cybernetic perspective for the study of political and social phenomena. The main conclusion is that cybernetics, as a meeting point between different disciplines, has produced an image of self-regulated society in line with the image of society as order.

  5. Single qudit realization of the Deutsch algorithm using superconducting many-level quantum circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiktenko, E. O.; Fedorov, A. K.; Strakhov, A. A.; Man'ko, V. I.

    2015-07-01

    Design of a large-scale quantum computer has paramount importance for science and technologies. We investigate a scheme for realization of quantum algorithms using noncomposite quantum systems, i.e., systems without subsystems. In this framework, n artificially allocated "subsystems" play a role of qubits in n-qubits quantum algorithms. With focus on two-qubit quantum algorithms, we demonstrate a realization of the universal set of gates using a d = 5 single qudit state. Manipulation with an ancillary level in the systems allows effective implementation of operators from U(4) group via operators from SU(5) group. Using a possible experimental realization of such systems through anharmonic superconducting many-level quantum circuits, we present a blueprint for a single qudit realization of the Deutsch algorithm, which generalizes previously studied realization based on the virtual spin representation (Kessel et al., 2002 [9]).

  6. 31st Annual Conference of the Gesellschaft für Klassifikation e.V., Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg

    CERN Document Server

    Burkhardt, Hans; Schmidt-Thieme, Lars; Decker, Reinhold

    2008-01-01

    Data analysis and machine learning are research areas at the intersection of computer science, artificial intelligence, mathematics and statistics. They cover general methods and techniques that can be applied to a vast set of applications such as web and text mining, marketing, medical science, bioinformatics and business intelligence. This volume contains the revised versions of selected papers in the field of data analysis, machine learning and applications presented during the 31st Annual Conference of the German Classification Society (Gesellschaft für Klassifikation - GfKl). The conference was held at the Albert-Ludwigs-University in Freiburg, Germany, in March 2007.

  7. Social Psychological Consequences of Interpersonal Relations: A Confirmatory Approach to Testing Deutsch's Theory of Cooperation and Conflict Resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Quahwu

    This study tested M. Deutsch's theory of cooperation and conflict resolution using an intervention project at an inner city alternative high school in New York City. The study was designed to test the theory by confirmatory structural modeling and by evaluating the intervention. The procedure involved a pre- and post-test procedure administered…

  8. Interkulturelle kommunikative Kompetenz – ein Versuch der Operationalisierung aus dem Fach Deutsch an der dänischen Lehrerausbildung

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Kirsten; Daryai-Hansen, Petra

    2017-01-01

    hierbei stellen. Im Anschluss präsentieren wir unser Modell der interkulturellen kommunikativen Kompetenz, das wir für das Fach Deutsch ain der dänischen Lehrerausbildung auf der Grundlage eines Modells von Michael Byram aus dem Jahre 1997 entwickelt haben. Byrams Modell der interkulturellen...

  9. A postal history of the First World War in Africa and its aftermath - German colonies : III Deutsch-Sdwestafrika (SWA)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dietz, A.J.

    2015-01-01

    The 'Great War' had a major impact on Africa and that is visible in the post stamps used in the various postal territories in Africa. This paper discusses the postal offices, postal services, and stamps used in the German colony Deutsch-Sdwestafrika (SWA) during the early twentieth century. For the

  10. Jump into the future: Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift goes for advanced open access in its 157th publishing year

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Zimmermann

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available With the beginning of this year, the Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift (DEZ, one of the world’s oldest entomology journals, became a front-line fighter of modern scientific publishing. The transfer to Pensoft, the new publisher, brings changes about, as I see it, all of them for the benefit of the scientific community.

  11. Some aspects of the Olympus propagation experiment carried out by the Research Institute of the Deutsche Bundespost TELEKOM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dintelmann, F.; Ortgies, G.; Ruecker, F.

    The Olympus propagation experiment carried out by the Research Institute of the Deutsche Bundespost Telekom is discussed. The objectives were to study cloud and rain attenuation and depolarization and scintillation effects. Olympus beacon terminal and data-acquisition and editing software are described.

  12. Trauer und Tourismus. Reisen des Volksbundes Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge 1950–2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiebke Kolbe

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The German War Grave Commission (Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge, VDK has offered package tours to the German war graves of World War II in Western Europe since 1950, and since 1990/91 increasingly also to Eastern Europe. Based on a study of the actors’ practices, the article identifies the generation-specific, gender-specific and societal functions of these tours and their change over time. Despite several generational changes in the traveller groups and partly modified interpretations of WWII, some of the tours’ functions remained constant. To this day, they provide a place of mourning for the relatives of soldiers killed in action. Besides this function of remembrance, they also had the social function of building a community of experience of mourners and war victims – initially for the war widows, later for their children and grandchildren. Finally, the tours made it possible for certain groups to undertake tourist trips abroad which they could not have attempted alone – during the first post-war decades, particularly war widows with little or no travel experience (to Western Europe; since 1990/91, the generation of aged veterans (to Eastern Europe. The article draws on a wide range of VDK archival material that reveals perspectives of the organisation as well as preferences and practices of the travellers. * * * Seit 1950 bot der Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge (VDK Gruppenreisen zu den deutschen Kriegsgräberstätten des Zweiten Weltkriegs in Westeuropa an, seit 1990/91 vermehrt auch Reisen nach Osteuropa. Ausgehend von den Praktiken der Akteure arbeitet der Beitrag die generationenspezifischen, geschlechterspezifischen und gesellschaftlichen Funktionen dieser Reisen im zeitlichen Wandel heraus. Trotz des mehrfachen Generationenwechsels der Klientel und teilweise veränderter Deutungen des Zweiten Weltkriegs blieben einige Funktionen der Reisen gleich. Bis heute bieten sie den Angehörigen gefallener Soldaten

  13. Deutsch als Fremdsprache im Tourismus: Empirische Untersuchungen zur Kommunikation in der Tourismusbranche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doğu Ataş

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Die vorliegende Studie definiert diejenigen Sprechintentionen, die zwischen deutschsprachigen Touristen und türkischen Beschäftigten in der Tourismusbranche wie Kellner, Kundenbeziehungsmanager, Rezeptionist und Animateur vielfach vorkommen. Ein Teil der Daten für die Untersuchung wurde im Rahmen einer qualitativen Forschungsarbeit mittels teilstandardisierten Interviews und schriftlicher Befragung mit offenen Fragen erhoben, ein weiterer Teil Anhand einer quantitativen Forschungsarbeit mittels schriftlicher Befragung mit Fragebogen. Die offenen Fragen wurden den deutschsprachigen Personen gestellt, die mindestens einmal ihre Ferien als Tourist in der Türkei verbrachten. Dagegen wurden die Fragebogenstudie und die Interviews mit türkischen Mitarbeitern im Tourismusbereich durchgeführt. Die erhobenen Daten aus den Interviews und der offenen Fragen wurden mittels qualitativer Inhaltsanalyse ausgewertet. Im Vergleich dazu wurde die deskriptive Statistik zur Auswertung der Fragebogenstudie herangezogen. Die erfassten Sprechintentionen können für die Entwicklung eines tourismusbezogenen DaF-Lehrwerks (Deutsch als Fremdsprache verwendet werden, das insbesondere den Bedürfnissen der türkischen Adressatengruppe entspricht.

  14. Non-Markovianity-assisted high-fidelity Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm in diamond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yang; Zheng, Yu; Li, Shen; Li, Cong-Cong; Chen, Xiang-Dong; Guo, Guang-Can; Sun, Fang-Wen

    2018-01-01

    The memory effects in non-Markovian quantum dynamics can induce the revival of quantum coherence, which is believed to provide important physical resources for quantum information processing (QIP). However, no real quantum algorithms have been demonstrated with the help of such memory effects. Here, we experimentally implemented a non-Markovianity-assisted high-fidelity refined Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm (RDJA) with a solid spin in diamond. The memory effects can induce pronounced non-monotonic variations in the RDJA results, which were confirmed to follow a non-Markovian quantum process by measuring the non-Markovianity of the spin system. By applying the memory effects as physical resources with the assistance of dynamical decoupling, the probability of success of RDJA was elevated above 97% in the open quantum system. This study not only demonstrates that the non-Markovianity is an important physical resource but also presents a feasible way to employ this physical resource. It will stimulate the application of the memory effects in non-Markovian quantum dynamics to improve the performance of practical QIP.

  15. BIBLIO-DATA, the national bibliographical data bank of the Deutsche Bibliothek

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buchbinder, R.; Weidemueller, H.U.; Tiedemann, E.

    1979-04-01

    Part A introduces the German national bibliographical data bank BIBLIO-DATA is based on the Information-Retrieval-System STAIRS from IBM which was improved by additional programs of ZMD. The primary emphases of this article is on the discussion of the BIBLIO-DATA concept according to which the data of 'Deutsche Bibliographie' are being prepared and stored suitable for information retrieval. BIBLIO-DATA is based on national bibliographical data, the characteristics, problems and deficiencies due to this fact are mentioned very detailed. Two additional comments show the various possibilities of research with BIBLIO-DATA by means of some examples in order to show that the research work is not only faster but also much more effective. Part B proves that BIBLIO-DATA cannot automate the analysis of contents or the allocation of subject heading. At the present state of operation BIBLIO-DATA has to support the conventional-intellectual work of subject cataloguing by retrospective research especially because of the considerably facilitated access to former indexing results. Part C describes the practical work with BIBLIO-DATA concerning bibliographical research and literature compilation and comes to the conclusion that effective bibliographical work is based on an appropriate combination of data-bank retrieval and conventional research work. (orig.) [de

  16. Simulation of ingot casting processes at Deutsche Edelstahlwerke GmbH®

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hartmann, L; Ernst, C; Klung, J-S

    2012-01-01

    To enhance the quality of tool steels it is necessary to analyse all stages of the production process. During the ingot- or continuous casting processes and the following solidification, material and geometry depending reactions cause defects such as macro segregations or porosities. In former times the trial and error approach, together with the experience and creativity of the steelworks engineers was used to improve the as-cast quality, with a high amount of test procedures and a high demand of research time and costs. Further development in software and algorithms has allowed modern simulation techniques to find their way into industrial steel production and casting-simulations are widely used to achieve an accurate prediction of the ingot quality. To improve the as-cast quality, several ingot casting processes of tool steels were studied at the R and D department of Deutsche Edelstahlwerke GmbH by using the numerical casting simulation software MAGMASOFT ® . In this paper some results extracted from the simulation software are shown and compared to experimental investigations.

  17. Ilse von zur Mühlen. Glanz und Elend. Mythos und Wirklichkeit der Herrenhäuser im Baltikum. Begleitpublikation zur gleichnahmigen Ausstellung des Ostpreußischen Landesmuseums und der Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft e.V. / Anja Wilhelmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wilhelmi, Anja, 1966-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Mühlen, Ilse von zur. Glanz und Elend. Mythos und Wirklichkeit der Herrenhäuser im Baltikum. Begleitpublikation zur gleichnahmigen Ausstellung des Ostpreußischen Landesmuseums und der Carl-Schirren-Gesellschaft e.V. (1. Dezember 2012 bis 14. April 2013), Lindenberg i. Allgäu 2012

  18. Musik-Stadt. Traditionen und Perspektiven urbaner Musikkulturen, XIV. mezinárodní kongres Gesellschaft für Musikforschung, Lipsko 28. září - 3. října 2008

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bajgarová, Jitka

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 45, 3-4 (2008), s. 401-403 ISSN 0018-7003. [ Musik -Stadt. Traditionen und Perspektiven urbaner Musik kulturen. XIV. internationaler Kongress der Gesellschaft für Musik forschung. Leipzig, 28.09.2008-03.10.2008] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : music in the cities Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  19. Greentowers in Frankfurt. Second life cycle of the Deutsche Bank towers; Greentowers in Frankfurt. Zweiter Lebenszyklus fuer Hochhaustuerme der Deutschen Bank

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lauster, Marcus

    2011-07-01

    The two towers of the headquarters of Deutsche Bank in Frankfurt were modernized on the basis of a new climate strategy in order to minimize the operating cost and help protect the climate. (orig./AKB)

  20. Quantum computers and reality: Deutsch's anti-positivist campaign for explanations-in-general, apart from his Many Worlds Interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donnell, Thomas W.

    2002-04-01

    David Deutsch (Oxford University) is known for ``Deutsch's algorithmm"---for going beyond the initial ideas about quantum computing (QC) of Benioff, Bennett and Feynman, to describe a quantum Turing machine, and sparking today's widespread experimental research to actually build one. Deutsch does not accept the standard Copenhagen Interpretation (CI) of quantum mechanics (QM); he supports the Many Worlds Interpretation (MWI) and credits it for his insights. In his book, The Fabric of Reality, and numerous articles and talks, he argues that the the adoption of the MWI is phnecessary for making the advances required for quantum computing. His argues that physicists must resolutely take a ``realistic" viewpoint to its logical conclusions, and, that the MWI is phthe realistic theory. In response to ubiquitous assertions by the majority of physicists that ``both systems give the same numbers," and ``all physics does (or can do) is to predict the outcome of experiments," he argues strenuously for the importance of explanations in quantum physics, and to scientific progress in general. Hence, I argue that there are two, reasonably separable, layers here: (i) opposition to positivist and instrumentalist arguments against the validity and/or value of phany explanation(s) phas such, and (ii) an argument about just what is the correct explanation: the MWI over the CI. While establishing the validity of (i) may possibly undermine CI's spirit, nevertheless (i) can be strongly validated independent from complicatons of an overlap with issues of the interpretation of QM. I develop some simple, historical contradictions regarding point (i), (without passing judgement on Deutsch's MWI or involving the CI). For example, the majority viewpoint identifies its seemingly ``non- philosophical" and non-``methaphysical" mindset as archtypically ``scientific", while seemingly quite unaware of the theoretical difficuties with positivist notions of truth, such as the fact that the foundations

  1. Fragen - Nachfragen - Echofragen. Formen und Funktionen von Interrogationen im gesprochenen Deutsch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rost-Roth, Martina

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Präsentiert werden Befunde aus einer empirischen Untersuchung zu Nachfragen und anderen Fragen in mündlichen Kommunikationen. Ausgangspunkt ist die Beobachtung, daß Beschreibungen von Nachfragen nur in geringer Zahl vorliegen, aus sehr unterschiedlichen Bereichen stammen (Konversationsanalyse, grammatische Beschreibungen von Fragen und Literatur zu Echofragen und sich Beschreibungen von Nachfrageformen sowie Nachfragefunktionen und die jeweils unterstellten Form-Funktions-Bezüge - auch in den einzelnen Bereichen - vielfach widersprechen. Vor diesem Hintergrund ist zentales Anliegen der Untersuchung, einen übergeordneten Analyserahmen für die Befassung mit Frageformen und Fragefunktionen zu entwickeln, der die Beschreibung von Nachfragen in einer allgemeineren Beschreibung von Interrogationen verortet. Das Besondere von Nachfragen wird darin gesehen, daß es sich um Interrogationen handelt, die auf andere sprachliche Äußerungen Bezug nehmen. Hier sind wiederum verschiedene Mittel zu unterscheiden, die für die Unterscheidung von Echofragen und anderen Nachfragen bestimmend sind. In diesem Zusammenhang wird gezeigt, daß auch der Art der Bezugnahme besondere Bedeutung für die Bestimmung von Nachfrageformen und Nachfragefunktionen zukommt. Anhand der Analysen von empirischen Fragevorkommen im gesprochenen Deutsch werden zunächst verschiedene 'Strukturtypen' differenziert. Die Vergleiche von Nachfragen und anderen Fragen zeigen vor allem Unterschiede in Hinblick auf die Frequenz verbloser und elliptischer Frageformulierungen. Daran anschließend werden Nachfragefunktionen im Bereich der Verständnissicherung sowie andere Nachfragefunktionen erörtert. Bei der Suche nach einem gemeinsamen Nenner für sehr unterschiedliche Nachfragefunktionen erweisen sich als zentrale Funktionsparameter :1. die Fokussierungsleistung (über die Bezugnahme auf vorausgehende Äußerungen der Gesprächspartner sowie 2. der Interrogativmodus (über die

  2. DEWEK 2000: 5. German wind energy conference. Proceedings; DEWEK 2000: 5. Deutsche Windenergiekonferenz. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Purroy, B. (comp.)

    2000-07-01

    world since the meeting is not only directed to scientists and engineers but will also be of interest for bankers, developers and users. Conference subjects will focus on the technical development of 2 MW plus wind turbines and the special problems -solved and unsolved - of wind energy utilisation in complex terrain and in the offshore area. (orig.) [German] Die Deutsche Windenergie-Konferenz wird vom DEWI zum fuenften Mal veranstaltet, eine Konferenz, die sich in den letzten Jahren als ''The Technical Conference'' etablierte. Der Tradition folgend ist die Konferenz trotz der Themenfuelle wieder auf zwei Tage beschraenkt, damit auch dem Vielbeschaeftigten die Moeglichkeit geboten wird, sich ueber die neuesten technischen und wissenschaftlichen Entwicklungen und Erfahrungen aus dem Bereich der Windenergie zu informieren. Die schnelle, weltweite Verbreitung der Windenergie, mit den daraus resultierenden neuen Herausforderungen fuer Technik und Betrieb, veranlasste uns, noch staerker als frueher darauf zu achten, die Verbindung zwischen Theorie und Anwendung bei der Auswahl der Themenschwerpunkte sicherzustellen. Mit 109 eingesandten Vortragsvorschlaegen, darunter 27 englischsprachigen aus 17 Laendern, erreichte die DEWEK 2000 bisher schon eine sehr gute Resonanz. Erstmals wird es bei der DEWEK eine Simultanuebersetzung Deutsch-Englisch geben, damit auch unseren auslaendischen Gaesten eine Teilnahme moeglich ist. Die ausserordentlich hohe Qualitaet der Vortragsvorschlaege machten es uns diesmal besonders schwer, die erforderliche Unterscheidung zwischen Vortrag und Poster zu treffen. In einem Umfang wie niemals zuvor werden in den Berichten ganz konkrete Themen aus der Anwendung der Windenergie behandelt, ein Spiegel der von Standort zu Standort sich aendernden Einsatzbedingungen einer sich weltweit rasant ausbreitenden neuen Energietechnologie. Wir glauben mit unserer Erfahrung die richtige Auswahl der Vortraege getroffen zu haben und hoffen Ihnen

  3. "Wenn Sie uns in die Entscheidungsfindung einbeziehen, wird Polen Sie unterstützen": Deutsche Europapolitik aus der Sicht Polens

    OpenAIRE

    Łada, Agnieszka

    2012-01-01

    Das polnisch-deutsche Verhältnis ist heute so gut wie seit vielen Jahren nicht mehr. Die positive Sicht auf Deutschland wird auch von der Wahrnehmung der eigenen Rolle innerhalb der Europäischen Union beeinflusst. Seit ihrem Amtsantritt im Jahre 2007 hat sich die jetzige polnische Regierung eine gute Position in der EU geschaffen, die auf nachvollziehbarer Politik, Initiativen wie der Östlichen Partnerschaft, der Fähigkeit zur Koalitionsbildung und außergewöhnlichen wirtschaftlichen Indikator...

  4. Internacionalización de operadores logísticos casos exitosos: SERVIENTREGA FEDEX DEUTSCHE POST - DHL

    OpenAIRE

    Velasquez Abril, Natalia; Mora Arciniegas, Natalia Isabel

    2013-01-01

    Este trabajo muestra la evolución de la internacionalización de las empresas del sector Operadores Logísticos a partir de una muestra suficientemente amplia que permita deducir similitudes dentro de los procesos que llevaron a cabo al realizarlos. Para lograr este objetivo se tomó como muestra representativa las empresas de operadores logísticos en contextos diferentes; específicamente se analizaron las compañías Servientrega, FedEx, Deutsche Post-DHL. Se consideró que estas firmas son ej...

  5. The metaphysics of D-CTCs: On the underlying assumptions of Deutsch's quantum solution to the paradoxes of time travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, Lucas

    2016-11-01

    I argue that Deutsch's model for the behavior of systems traveling around closed timelike curves (CTCs) relies implicitly on a substantive metaphysical assumption. Deutsch is employing a version of quantum theory with a significantly supplemented ontology of parallel existent worlds, which differ in kind from the many worlds of the Everett interpretation. Standard Everett does not support the existence of multiple identical copies of the world, which the D-CTC model requires. This has been obscured because he often refers to the branching structure of Everett as a "multiverse", and describes quantum interference by reference to parallel interacting definite worlds. But he admits that this is only an approximation to Everett. The D-CTC model, however, relies crucially on the existence of a multiverse of parallel interacting worlds. Since his model is supplemented by structures that go significantly beyond quantum theory, and play an ineliminable role in its predictions and explanations, it does not represent a quantum solution to the paradoxes of time travel.

  6. Personality correlates of reporting Chinese words from the Deutsch "high-low" word illusion by Chinese-speaking people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, You; Zhu, Junpeng; Chen, Wanzhen; Chai, Hao; He, Wei; Wang, Wei

    2012-06-01

    When English-speaking people listen to the Deutsch "high-low" word illusion, they report hearing English words. Whether Chinese-speaking people report Chinese words when listening to the illusion, or whether any reported words might be correlated with personality traits as previous investigations have demonstrated for listening to music in other cultures, is open to question. The present study aimed to address this. A total of 308 right-handed, healthy volunteers (177 women and 131 men) were given the illusion test and asked to answer the Zuckerman-Kuhlman personality questionnaire (ZKPQ). Their depressive tendency was measured by the Plutchik-van Praag depression inventory (PVP). There was no gender effect regarding either the PVP score or the number of reported Chinese words from the illusion. Women scored higher on ZKPQ neuroticism-anxiety than men. The number of meaningful Chinese words reported was correlated with the ZKPQ impulsive sensation-seeking, aggression-hostility, and activity scores. Some words reported by participants who scored higher on these three traits were related in meaning to those scales. Our preliminary results suggest that when Chinese-speaking people listen to the Deutsch "high-low" word illusion, they might use personality-related, specific cognitive schemata.

  7. Ela 1.0--a framework for life-cycle impact assessment developed by the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. Part A: The conceptual framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrchen, M; Keller, D; Lepper, P; Mangelsdorf, I; Wahnschaffe, U

    1997-12-01

    The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft has sponsored the development of a conceptual and flexible, computer aided tool to perform the impact assessment within LCA (life cycle assessment) for technical products and processes. The developed general framework "Ela 1.0" (environmental loads analysis) consists of four elements: the selection of appropriate impact categories, the categorization of emissions and wastes leaving the systems as well as of resource and energy consumption, the characterization and an analysis of the results of the impact assessment. The latter compares the product-based emissions with the total of emissions of a region such as Germany, the EU or OECD countries. The framework Ela 1.0 considers the environmental categories: global warming, ozone depletion, resource and energy consumption, wastes, eutrophication (including COD and BOD as measured parameters), acidification, ecotoxicity, ozone formation and human toxicity. The latter categories are handled by listing of precursors for ozone formation, and by listing of emissions scored according to their human hazard potential. The options, possibilities and limitations of the conceptual framework are presented in part A of a series of publications.

  8. Open Access Policy White Paper der Max Planck Gesellschaft für eine grundlegende Änderung des bestehenden Publikationssystems. 10 Fragen von Bruno Bauer an Ralf Schimmer, Stellvertretender Leiter der Max Planck Digital Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ralf Schimmer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ralf Schimmer beantwortet Fragen über die Positionierung der Max Planck Gesellschaft zu Open Access und spricht auch über Motive und Zeitpunkt der Veröffentlichung der programmatischen Schrift „Disrupting the subscription journals' business model for the necessary large-scale transformation to open access: A Max Planck Digital Library Open Access Policy White Paper”. Thematisiert werden auch die verschiedenen Wege und die Finanzierung von Open Access sowie die Frage nach der künftigen Aufgabe für Bibliotheken, wenn Open Access das klassische Modell der subskriptions- und lizenzbasierten Zeitschrift abgelöst hat.

  9. Concepções de professor e de professora no jornal Deutsche Post - RS (1906-1915

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Dolores Wolf

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available  O trabalho inscreve-se no campo da história da educação no Rio Grande do Sul e analisa uma dimensão da imigração alemã para este Estado no início do século 20. Trata-se de mapear concepções de professor e de professora produzidas/ reproduzidas pelo jornal Deutsche Post, no período de 1906 a 1915, buscando apreender com isso, de forma mais ampla, os sentidos atribuídos à escola elementar teuto-brasileira, enquanto instância de produção e de preservação do germanismo e do luteranismo nas regiões de colonização. Fundamenta-se no pressuposto de que os jornais e almanaques teuto-brasileiros constituem importantes recursos de conservação da língua alemã nas comunidades e, mais do que isso, são importantes elementos de fortalecimento da Igreja e da escola, apresentadas neles como os pilares da preservação cultural.Palavras chave: produção cultural, concepções de professor, escola elementar teuto-brasileira.   Abstract This work is inserted in the field of the history of the education in Rio Grande do Sul and analyses a dimension of the germany immigration to the state in the 20lh century. It is about building concepts of male and female teachers produced and reproduced by the "Deutsche Post" Journal, from 1906 to 1915, aiming to learn with this, in a more large aspect, the concepts conferred to the german-brasilian elementary school as a place to produce and preserve the german culture and the protestantism in colonization areas. It is based on the principle that german-brasilian newspapers and almanacs are important means of preserving the german language among communities. More than this, german-brasilian almanacs and newspapers are fundamental elements to strengthen the church and the school, which are considered pillars in the preservation of culture. Keywords: production of culture, concepts of teacher, german-brasilian elementary school. 

  10. Tartu fotograafid ja Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi muuseumi fotokogu 19. sajandil / Tartuer Fotografen und die Fotosammlung des Museums der Gelehrten Estnischen Gesellschaft im 19. Jahrhundert

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tõnis Liibek

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Im Jahre 1951 gelangte der größte Teil der Fotosammlung des vormaligen Museums der Gelehrten Estnischen Gesellschaft (GEG ins Estnische Historische Museum, wo er bis heute aufbewahrt wird. Im Artikel ist beschrieben, wie diese Fotosammlung im 19. Jahrhundert zu Stande gekommen ist. Daneben werden die damaligen Fotografen in Tartu vorgestellt.Es ist bekannt, dass erste Wanderfotografen das Gebiet des heutigen Estlands im Jahre 1843 erreichten, erste Nachrichten von Fotografen in Tartu stammen aus dem Jahr 1844. Dennoch hat die GEG erst in der Mitte der 1850er Jahren angefangen, Fotografien oder Lichtbilder gezielt zu sammeln. In den 1850er Jahren sind insgesamt nur drei Fotos aufgenommen worden; und Anfang der 1870er Jahre besaß das Museum der GEG dann nur etwa 30 Fotografien. Von diesen sind von den Tartuer Fotografen selbst mehr als 20 Fotos dem Museum gestiftet worden. Auch in den folgenden Jahrzehnten sind nur einzelne Fotos vom Museum gesammelt worden. Obwohl die Mitglieder der GEG sich mehrfach dafür aussprachen, dass man die lokale Kultur auch fotografisch festhalten sollte, folgten von Seiten der GEG keine bemerkenswerten Unternehmungen in dieser Sache.Heute sind die meisten der im 19. Jahrhundert gesammelten und aus dem Museum der GEG stammenden Fotos im Estnischen Historischen Museum gut erhalten. Insgesamt sind es mehr als 1600 Fotos, die aus dem Museum der GEG ins Estnische Historische Museum übernommen wurden, darunter auch Aufnahmen aus dem 20. Jahrhundert. Den größten Anteil machen Fotos von Lehrkräften der Tartuer Universität aus, so etwa 300 Stück, ca. 20 Fotos gibt es von Tartuer Studenten. An die 300 Aufnahmen zeigen die Stadt Tartu – einzelne Gebäude oder Straßen- und Stadtansichten. Dazu gibt es etwa 50 Fotos von Burgen, 30 Fotos von Kirchen und Aufnahmen von anderen estnischen Städten. Einen größeren Bestand machen die Postkarten aus dem Ende des 19. und Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts aus; drei Fotoalbumen sind

  11. Frequent major errors in antimicrobial susceptibility testing of bacterial strains distributed under the Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum Quality Assurance Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boot, R

    2012-07-01

    The Quality Assurance Program (QAP) of the Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum (DKFZ) was a proficiency testing system developed to service the laboratory animal discipline. The QAP comprised the distribution of bacterial strains from various species of animals for identification to species level and antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST). Identification capabilities were below acceptable standards. This study evaluated AST results using the DKFZ compilations of test results for all bacterial strains showing the number of participants reporting the strain as resistant (R), sensitive (S) or intermediate susceptible (I) to each antibiotic substance used. Due to lack of information about methods used, it was assumed that what the majority of the participants reported (R or S) was the correct test result and that an opposite result was a major error (ME). MEs occurred in 1375 of 14,258 (9.7%) of test results and ME% ranged from 0% to 23.2% per bacterial group-agent group combination. Considerable variation in MEs was found within groups of bacteria and within groups of agents. In addition to poor performance in proper species classification, the quality of AST in laboratory animal diagnostic laboratories seems far below standards considered acceptable in human diagnostic microbiology.

  12. Muusikamaailm : "Kevadpühitsus" sajandi teoseks. Nikolaus Harnoncourt"i juubel. Kent Nagano Deutsche Operisse. "Musica viva" Münchenis / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Lääne-Euroopa populaarsete muusikaajakirjade "BBC Music Magazine" ja "Le Mond de la Musique" küsitluse põhjal osutus 20. saj. tähtsaimaks muusikateoseks I. Stravinski ballett "Kevadpühitsus". N. Harnoncourt tähistas 6. dets. 70. juubelit. Dirigendi tegevusest. K. Nagano kinnitati Berliini Deutsche Operi muusikadirektoriks aastast 2001. Dirigendi senisest tegevusest. Baieri Raadio korraldatava uue muusika sarja "Musica viva" kontsertidest

  13. Integrated Pesticide Management at the Deutsche Bahn in Germany - guidelines for the sustainable vegetation management for maintenance of constructions and areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Below, Michael

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The Deutsche Bahn has compiled guidelines for a sustainable vegetation management which follows the Directive 2009/128/EC. This integrated management includes tools like preventive measures, ensuring of the necessary level and check of success of applied plant protection measure. In detail, practical guidance for all constructions and areas are given where different legal regulations and requirements have to be implemented. The specific guidelines are available for unpaved surfaces, hard surfaces and railway tracks.

  14. [Christian Westerhoff. Zwangsarbeit im Ersten Weltkrieg. Deutsche Arbeitskräftepolitik im besetzten Polen und Litauen 1914-1918, Tilman Plath.Zwischen Schonung und Menschenjagden. Die Arbeitseinsatzpolitik in den baltischen Generalbezirken des Reich

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiio, Toomas, 1965-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Westerhoff, Christian. Zwangsarbeit im Ersten Weltkrieg. Deutsche Arbeitskräftepolitik im besetzten Polen und Litauen 1914-1918 (Studien zur historischen Migrationsforschung, 25). Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh. Padeborn 2011

  15. Zusammenfassungen in Deutsch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Wiedenmann

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available 1. Eine hybride Heuristik zur Lösung des Triangulations-ProblemsGloria Cerasela Crişan, Camelia Mihaela Pintea2. Vorschlag einer datenbasierten Architektur für eine Kardiologie-Netzwerk-AnwendungHorea Adrian Greblă, Călin Ovidiu Cenan3. Erziehungswissenschaftliche Forschung: zur technologischen Dimension des PrivatlebensLiliana Mâţă4. Ausgewählte Operationen für Assembler EncodingTomasz Praczyk5. Computerbasierte Programme zur Sprechtherapie bei Dyslalie und Dyslexie-DysgraphieIolanda Tobolcea, Mirela Danubianu6. Gedacht soap, jedoch gesagt ‘oaps’. Der Lautvorspann (Sound Preparation Period: Backward Calculation von der Äußerung bis zur Muskel-InnervierungNora Wiedenmann7. State of the Art: Lösungskonzepte für KoalitionsspieleSimina Brânzei8. Die Faktoren von Intelligenz-Entwicklung und individuelle PerformanzGheorghe Dumitriu9. Einige Ergebnisse zur Fuzzy-TheorieAngel Garrido10. Wissensfusion in akademischen NetzwerkenHorea Adrian Grebla, Calin Ovidiu Cenan, Liana Stanca11. Eine Delphi-Anwendung für die syntaktische und lexikalische Analyse eines Phrasen verwendenden Cocke-Younger-Kasami -Algorithmus.Bogdan Pătruţ, Ioana Boghian12. Über ein Problem von Passdaten bei Gebrauch von Bézier-KurvenCarmen Violeta Muraru13. State of the Art: Verifizierung von Unterschriften-Biometrie-DatenMohamed Soltane, Noureddine Doghmane, Noureddine Guersi14. Die Neurowissenschaften des Lehrens von Erzähltexten: zur Erleichterung der sozialenund emotionalen EntwicklungLisa Whalen15. Logische Grundlagen der Künstlichen IntelligenzAngel Garrido16. Psychologisch-mystische Aspekte zu St. Evagrius Ponticus und St. Maximus dem BekennerGheorghe Teofil Popovici17. Geo-spatiale Analyse-StrukturElisabeta Antonia Haller18. Henric Sanielevici – von der Literaturkritik zur Anatomie oder Wie beeinflusst der Schädelumfang die Literatur?Adrian Jicu19. Wie komplex das menschliche Gehirn funktioniert: die beiden HemisphärenIulia Cristina Timofti20. Interview mit Dr. Georgios K. Matis, Neurochirurgen, Demokrit-Universität Thrakien, School, der medizinischen Fakultät, Alexandroupolis, GriechenlandRuxandra Alexandru

  16. Deutsche Politik im Ostseeraum

    OpenAIRE

    Heimsöth, Hans-Jürgen

    2001-01-01

    Germany has always been an integral part of the Baltic Sea region, not only culturally, but also economically or politically Through the definitive changes of the political geography in 1990 Germany faced new challenges. With the foundation of the Council of the Baltic Sea States a genuine democratic association around the Baltic Sea was built — among other things to support new democratic institutions. Germany took over the presidency of the Council in July 2000 and could exercise valuable i...

  17. Mehed ruumis / Rosalyn Deutsche

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Deutsche, Rosalyn

    2004-01-01

    1985. a. ilmunud T. J. Clarki raamatust "Modernse elu maalikunst: Pariis Manet' ja tema järgijate kunstis". 1989. a. ilmunud Edward W. Soja raamatust "Postmodernistlikud geograafiad" ja David Harvey raamatust "Postmodernne olukord". 1984. a. avaldatud Fredric Jamesoni artiklist "Postmodernism ehk hiliskapitalismi kultuuriline loogika". Bibliograafia lk. 81

  18. 32nd Annual Conference of the Gesellschaft für Klassifikation e.V., Joint Conference with the British Classification Society (BCS) and the Dutch/Flemish Classification Society (VOC), Helmut-Schmidt-University

    CERN Document Server

    Lausen, Berthold; Seidel, Wilfried; Ultsch, Alfred

    2010-01-01

    Data Analysis, Data Handling and Business Intelligence are research areas at the intersection of computer science, artificial intelligence, mathematics, and statistics. They cover general methods and techniques that can be applied to a vast set of applications such as in marketing, finance, economics, engineering, linguistics, archaeology, musicology, medical science, and biology. This volume contains the revised versions of selected papers presented during the 32nd Annual Conference of the German Classification Society (Gesellschaft für Klassifikation, GfKl). The conference, which was organized in cooperation with the British Classification Society (BCS) and the Dutch/Flemish Classification Society (VOC), was hosted by Helmut-Schmidt-University, Hamburg, Germany, in July 2008.

  19. City - society - environment - traffic and transport. Pt. 1. FOVUS - university research into traffic and transport; Stadt - Gesellschaft - Umwelt - Verkehr. T. 1. FOVUS - die Universitaet stellt sich der Zukunftsaufgabe Verkehr

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bargende, M. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Verbrennungsmotoren und Kraftfahrwesen; Baumbach, G. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Verfahrenstechnik und Dampfkesselwesen; Dobeschinsky, H. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Forschungsschwerpunkt Verkehr; Englmann, F.C. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Abt. Volkswirtschaftslehre; Heimerl, G.; Treuner, P.; Umbach, U.; Vogt, W.; Wacker, M. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Eisenbahn- und Verkehrswesen; Jessen, J.; Pesch, F.; Ribbeck, E. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Staedtebauliches Inst.; Kaule, G. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Landschaftsplanung und Oekologie; Kuehne, R. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Strassen- und Verkehrswesen; Lenz, B. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Geographisches Inst.

    1999-09-01

    Taking environmental harm out of mobility is one of the great challenges in society today. The following issues are examples of the problems and conflicts we are facing as individuals and as society: continuing motorisation for mobility, greater difficulty to reach central facilities, workplaces and shopping facilities all of which negatively affect people and economy, increasing awareness of environmental problems, increased environmental awareness, high quality expectations in traffic and transport.(orig.) [German] Die umweltvertraegliche Gestaltung der Mobilitaet ist eine der grossen Herausforderungen unserer Gesellschaft: Weiter steigende motorisierte Mobilitaet, verminderte Erreichbarkeit von zentralen Einrichtungen, von Arbeitsplaetzen und Einkaufsstaetten verbunden mit der Gefahr negativer struktureller Wirkungen fuer Bewohner und Wirtschaft, Verlust an Lebensqualitaet in den Staedten als Folge des Verkehrs, wachsende Erkenntnisse ueber Umweltprobleme und gestiegenes Umweltbewusstsein, hoher Anspruch an Qualitaetsstandards im Verkehr als Grundlage wirtschaftlichen und individuellen Handelns - diese Stichworte kennzeichnen beispielhaft die vielfaeltigen Zielkonflikte und Probleme. (orig.)

  20. Practical dictionary of environment, nature conservation and land use. English-German; Praxis-Woerterbuch Umwelt, Naturschutz und Landnutzungen. Deutsch-Englisch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hutter, C.P. (ed.) [Stiftung Europaeisches Naturerbe (Euronatur), Ludwigsburg (Germany); Schreiner, J. [Alfred Toepfer Akademie fuer Naturschutz, Schneverdingen (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    More than 30,000 English and 30,000 German terms from these subject fields: agriculture, air pollution abatement, biotope conservation, climate protection, ecology, environmental administration, environmental eduction, environmental engineering, environmental ethics, environmental information, environmental policy, environmental research, fishery, forestry, hunting, landscape management, landscape planning, preventive health care, radiation protection, recycling, regional planning, settlement development, soil conservation, water management, waste, wildlife conservation. (orig.) [German] Mehr als 30 000 deutsche und 30 000 englische Stichworte aus den Themenbereichen: Abfall, Artenschutz, Biotopschutz, Bodenschutz, Fischerei, Forstwirtschaft, Gesundheitsvorsorge, Gewaesserschutz, Jagd, Klimaschutz, Landschaftspflege, Landschaftsplanung, Landwirtschaft, Luftreinhaltung, Oekologie, Raumordnung, Siedlungsentwicklung, Strahlenschutz, Umweltbildung, Umweltethik, Umweltforschung, Umweltinformation, Umweltpolitik, Umwelttechnik, Umweltverwaltung, Wasserwirtschaft, Wiederverwertung. (orig.)

  1. The Psychology of Music, editado por Diana Deutsch, 3ª edição: resenha dos capítulos 10 a 13

    OpenAIRE

    Ricieri Carlini Zorzal

    2016-01-01

    O presente texto traz uma resenha de quatro capítulos da terceira edição do livro The Psychology of Music, editado por Diana Deutsch. Nominalmente, são analisados os seguintes capítulos: 10) Performance musical: movimento e coordenação, de autoria de Caroline Palmer; 11) Desenvolvimento musical, de autoria de Laurel Trainor e Erin Hannon; 12) Música e habilidades cognitivas, de autoria de Glenn Schellenberg e Michael Weiss; e 13) As fundações biológicas da música: insights da amusia congênita...

  2. The Psychology of Music, editado por Diana Deutsch, 3ª edição: resenha dos quatro capítulos finais

    OpenAIRE

    Ricieri Carlini Zorzal

    2015-01-01

    O presente texto traz uma resenha dos quatro capítulos finais da terceira edição do livro The Psychology of Music, editado por Diana Deutsch. Dessa forma, são analisados, individualmente, os seguintes capítulos: 14) Plasticidade cerebral induzida pelo treinamento musical, de autoria de Catherine Wan e Gottfried Schlaug; 15) Música e emoção, de autoria de Patrik Juslin e John Sloboda; 16) Cognição musical comparativa: estudos entre espécies e entre culturas, de autoria de Aniruddh Patel e Stev...

  3. The Psychology of Music, editado por Diana Deutsch, 3ª edição: resenha dos capítulos 10 a 13

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricieri Carlini Zorzal

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto traz uma resenha de quatro capítulos da terceira edição do livro The Psychology of Music, editado por Diana Deutsch. Nominalmente, são analisados os seguintes capítulos: 10 Performance musical: movimento e coordenação, de autoria de Caroline Palmer; 11 Desenvolvimento musical, de autoria de Laurel Trainor e Erin Hannon; 12 Música e habilidades cognitivas, de autoria de Glenn Schellenberg e Michael Weiss; e 13 As fundações biológicas da música: insights da amusia congênita, de autoria de Isabelle Peretz.

  4. Polarization-mode dispersion: worst-case modeling and impact on high-data-rate transmission in the optical network of Deutsche Telekom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanik, Norbert; Breuer, Dirk; Betker, Andreas; Tessmann, Hans-Juergen

    2004-05-01

    The regenerator-free transmission distance of ultra-long-haul, dispersion-managed, optical WDM-transmission-links is ultimately determined by accumulating ASE-Noise of optical amplifiers and Polarisation-Mode-Dispersion (PMD) of the fiber-material. Therefore the applicability of the fiber-infrastructure of Deutsche Telekom to transport optical channels at 10 Gbit/s and 40 Gbit/s over sufficiently long distances is assessed both generally, applying PMD limit-values of ITU-T, and for a selected transmission link, evaluating numerical simulations using a worst-case simulation model.

  5. Deutsch-slawischer Siedlungs- und Sprachkontakt im Gebiet zwischen Saale und Neiße – vorgestellt an ausgewählten Ortsnamen (Siedlungsnamen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inge Bily

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Saale und Elbe bilden im Wesentlichen die westliche Begrenzung des ehemals kompakten altsorbischen Sprachgebietes. Im Norden schließt das Altsorbische an das Altpolabische, im Osten und Südosten an das Polnische und Tschechische an. Eigennamen bilden eine wichtige Quelle sowohl für die Aufhellung der Geschichte der Besiedlung wie auch ethnischer, sprachlicher und sozialer Verhältnisse, denn historische Siedlungsprozesse fanden ihren Niederschlag u.a. in historischen Belegen von Namen. Diese Belege wie auch die Ableitungsbasen und Benennungsmotive ebenso wie die phonologischen und morphologischen Merkmale der Namen des altsorbischen Kontaktgebietes enthalten eine Vielzahl von Zeugnissen deutsch-slawischer Kontinuität. Auf der Grundlage umfangreicher Studien zu Ortsnamen stellt der Beitrag ausgewählte Beispiele vor. Im ehemals altsorbischen Kontaktgebiet können Ortsnamen (Siedlungsnamen und ihre historische Überlieferung Hinweise auf Siedlungs- und Sprachkontakt geben. Dies belegen eine ganze Reihe von Merkmalen, so z.B.: 1. Unterscheidende Bestimmungswörter 2. Parallele Namengebung mit zeitweiliger Mehrnamigkeit 3. Umbenennung 4. Übersetzung 5. Benennungsparallelismus im deutsch-slawischen Kontaktgebiet 6. Scheinbare sekundäre semantische Verankerung (SSSV 7. Namenpaare 8. Unterscheidende Zusätze 9. Mischnamen (Hybride

  6. Use of innovative projects in the Agenda procedure: Heating - ventilation - sanitary. Compilation of selected projects from data base of Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt. CD-ROM of May 2000 as further added sources.; Nutzung innovativer Projekte im Agenda Prozess: Heizung - Lueftung - Sanitaer. Zusammenstellung ausgewaehlter Projekte aus der Datenbank der Deutschen Bundesstiftung Umwelt. CD-ROM vom Mai 2000 sowie weiterer hinzugezogene Quellen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schefe, W. (comp.)

    2001-05-01

    Compilation of selected projects from data base of Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt. (orig.) [German] Zusammenstellung ausgewaehlter Projekte aus der Datenbank der Deutschen Bundesstiftung Umwelt. (orig.)

  7. Record of discussions in full wording: Hearing on the Ahaus storage facility for spent-fuel transport containers, June 21-29, 1983. Hearing concerning a project of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Wiederaufarbeitung von Kernbrennstoffen mbH, Hannover, and STEAG Kernenergie GmbH, Essen, to establish a long-term storage facility for spent-fuel transport containers in Ahaus, Landkreis Borken, Nordrhein-Westfalen. Pt. 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1984-01-01

    This third part of the record of the Ahaus Hearing presents the full wording of the discussions and statements concerning the topics of radiation protection and protection of the environment during operation of the planned facility. The problems considered can be summarized under the following keynotes: Wastes, effluents, environmental monitoring, radiological protection of workers, micro-climate, accidents and their impacts on the environment, site selection, development trends, physical protection, emergency service. The final debates are concerned with the radwaste disposal and management concept of the Federal German Government, with alternative methods or techniques for waste storage, and with the transport of radwaste. The hearing was organized by the PTB in its capacity as a licensing authority under atomic energy law, and this organisation will be responsible of examining and evaluating the objections stated with a view to the requirements set by section 6 of the Atomic Energy Act. (HSCH) [de

  8. Cómo explicar el nazismo: «Deutsches Requiem» y la Psicología de masas del fascismo

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez, Alberto Julián

    2011-01-01

    En este ensayo voy a contrastar la interpretación de Borges a la de un intelectual austríaco que fue testigo y víctima del régimen de Hitler, Wilhelm Reich. Reich escribió una temprana obra, desde su perspectiva de médico y psicoanalista, interpretando el fenómeno: La psicología de masas del fascismo, de 1934, que revisó y reescribió para la edición norteamericana, aparecida en 1946, el mismo año que Borges publicó «Deutsches Requiem» en la revista Sur. Si bien ambos pensadores tienen objetiv...

  9. Differenz als Belastungsprobe. Verhandlungen des deutsch-jüdischen Gesprächs in Bernhard Schlinks Erzählung »Die Beschneidung«

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjam Bitter

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Schlinks Erzählung stellt anhand zweier Liebender das Scheitern eines deutsch-jüdischen Gesprächs dar und verhandelt die Frage, wie viele Differenzen eine Beziehung aushält. Die titelgebende Beschneidung tritt dabei nicht nur auf der Handlungsebene auf, wo der Protagonist durch Konversion zum Judentum die Differenz zu seiner jüdischen Freundin zu überwinden hofft. Auch auf metaphorischer Ebene problematisiert die Erzählung die ›Selbstbeschneidung‹ des Protagonisten, der aus Angst vor Tadel von jüdischen Figuren viele seiner Gedanken nicht ausspricht. Als Opfer antideutscher Vorurteile ruft er diverse antisemitische Stereotype auf. Der Beitrag geht der Frage nach, inwiefern die Erzählung damit für solch stereotypes Gedankengut sensibilisiert und subtil gegen einen antisemitischen und revisionistischen Diskurs anschreibt oder inwiefern sich der Text vielmehr in einen solchen Diskurs einschreibt.

  10. Report: Ordine del sentire e apertura al mondo. Filosofia delle emozioni e processo di individuazione della persona XIII Convegno internazionale della Max-Scheler-Gesellschaft Università di Verona 27-30 Maggio 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Teresa Speranza

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available An interesting debate on the issue of personal identity and its ethical implications has animated the days of the XIII International Congress of Max Scheler‐Gesellschaft. A large program of work has garnered numerous perspectives on the philosophy of person and the phenomenology of otherness, investigating in particular the role of emotions in the formation of person process. The main topic of conference was the Max Scheler’s phenomenology of emotions, which is an important turning point in the philosophy of twentieth century. The formation of ordo amoris, or rather order of feeling, generates the self‐transcendence of the immediate feeling in virtue, in which the person realizes her singularity. The emotion, therefore, doesn’t remain confined in a state of mind and inner private but acts in the world, creating the emotional breakthrough (emotioneller Durchbruch that makes me exist in a new way in the world, which allows me to act according to my ordo amoris.

  11. Unterstützung des Grünen Weges zu Open Access an der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft / Support of the Green Road to Open Access within the Max Planck Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lengenfelder, Anja

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The Max Planck Society (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft; MPG with equal weight supports both the Golden and Green Road to Open Access in practice and politically in a sustainable way.In the context of the Green Road it runs with eDoc a central institutional repository for the MPG. The software of the same name is an in-house development. Based on the experiences and wishes of the users, currently, a new application (PubMan which is built upon the eSciDoc framework is introduced within the institutes. eSciDoc is a co-operation with the FIZ Karlsruhe and is funded until 2009 by the BMBF. All applications and services are Open Source and can therefore be re-used and be further developed. Apart from the development and maintenance of technical infrastructures, the Green Road within the MPG is furthered via direct and indirect personal support for scientists during the publication process. In this regard the close exchange between single Max Planck Institutes, the Max Planck Digital Library and other national and international partners plays an important role. With the Berlin Declaration in 2003 and currently in the Priority Initiative “Digital Information” of the Alliance of the German Research Organizations this commitment for Open Access is also politically represented.In this article are introduced and explained both eDoc and PubMan respectively as well as the Open Access Policy of the MPG with a special focus on the activities within the Green Road.

  12. Documentation of the 40th scientific symposium of the Society for Environmental Law e.V., Leipzig 2016; Dokumentation zur 40. wissenschaftlichen Fachtagung der Gesellschaft fuer Umweltrecht e.V. Leipzig 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2017-11-01

    The documentation for the 40th scientific symposium of the Society for Environmental Law (GfU) in November 2016 in Leipzig offers illuminating insights into the state of discussions among German environmental law experts. TThe following focal points were at the centre of the jurisprudence debate: Four decades of immission control law (Prof. Dr. Alexander Schink, Bonn) - Legal problems of change approval (Prof. Dr. Olaf Reidt, Berlin) - Species protection law in the project approval (Judge at the BVerwG Dr. Dr. Ulrike Bick, Leipzig, Dr. Katrin Wulfert, Bochum) - Over-planning of infrastructure on the example of energy route planning (Dr. Tom Pleiner, Berlin) - The Nagoya Protocol and its implementation in the EU and Germany - Background and possible consequences for legal practice (Thomas Ebben, LL.M., Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety, Bonn). The conference proceedings contain these articles of the symposium, the summary of the subsequent discussions as well as the contributions of the GfU-Forum, which is aimed especially at young environmental lawyers. [German] Die Dokumentation zur 40. wissenschaftlichen Fachtagung der Gesellschaft fuer Umweltrecht (GfU) im November 2016 in Leipzig bietet aufschlussreiche Einblicke in den Diskussionsstand unter deutschen Umweltrechtsexperten. Im Zentrum der rechtswissenschaftlichen Auseinandersetzung standen folgende Schwerpunkte: Vier Jahrzehnte Immissionsschutzrecht (RA Prof. Dr. Alexander Schink, Bonn) Rechtsprobleme der Aenderungsgenehmigung (RA Prof. Dr. Olaf Reidt, Berlin) Artenschutzrecht in der Vorhabenzulassung (Richterin am BVerwG Dr. Ulrike Bick, Leipzig; Dr.-Ing. Katrin Wulfert, Bochum) Ueberplanung von Infrastruktur am Beispiel energiewirtschaftlicher Streckenplanungen (Dr. Tom Pleiner, Berlin) Das Nagoya-Protokoll und seine Umsetzung in der EU und Deutschland - Hintergruende und moegliche Folgen fuer die Rechtspraxis (Thomas Ebben, LL.M., Bundesministerium fuer

  13. Prevalence and risk factors for PTSD in injured workers in Bangladesh: a study of surviving workers from the Rana Plaza building collapse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T Fitch, MPH

    2015-03-01

    Funding: Travel expenses of participants were covered by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbei. Taylor Fitch and Gabriela Villanueva both received travel grants from UTHSCSA for airfare and lodging.

  14. Das deutsche Sprachprofil an der Universität Roskilde. Ein didaktischer Ansatz für den studienbegleitenden Deutschunterricht in Dänemark

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Daryai-Hansen

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Die Universität Roskilde, Dänemark, bietet als Teil ihrer Internationalisierungsstrategie studienbegleitenden Fremdsprachenunterricht für alle Studierenden in den geistes- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Bachelorstudiengängen an. Der vorliegende Artikel führt in den Kontext, die Lernziele und die Organisation der sogenannten Sprachprofile ein. Das deutsche Sprachprofil wird aus drei Perspektiven präsentiert: zunächst aus einer sprachenpolitischen Perspektive, auf deren Grundlage das Sprachprofil entwickelt wurde, und anschließend aus der Perspektive der Lehrkräfte, die inspiriert durch den CLIL-Ansatz das Sprachprofil didaktisch gestalten. Abschließend fokussieren wir auf die Perspektive der Studierenden: Wie erleben sie ihren Lernprozess? Welche Resultate erzielen sie ihrer Ansicht nach?   As part of its internationalization strategy, Roskilde University, Denmark, offers German language courses as an accompaniment to all bachelor students of the humanities and social sciences. This article introduces the context, learning objectives and organization of this so-called language profile. The German language profile is presented from three perspectives: a language policy perspective, on which the language profile was developed; from the perspective of the teachers who design the language profile inspired by the CLIL approach; finally, from the students’ perspective: How do students experience their learning process? How do they evaluate their learning results?

  15. German Quality in the Service of a European Public Sphere? An Analysis of the Deutsche Welle’s European Journal program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana Ludmila Popescu

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The economic crisis of the European Union has rendered the European public sphere as a forever emerging concept marked by uncertainties regarding its structure. In this context, eyes of both European officials and citizens turn towards the media, the main communication link between the EU and its citizens. The present paper looks at a media product that is designed to permeate multiple national public spheres, the weekly news show European Journal, a half-hour TV program produced by Deutsche Welle and rebroadcast by partner TV channels throughout Europe. Considering the main characteristics of the European public sphere as identified in the literature, with a focus on horizontal Europeanization, and using the method of content analysis, this paper looks at the means employed by the European Journal to support the integration process and to add a European dimension to national public sphere. Findings suggest that the type of public sphere promoted by the European Journal is not centered around the EU as a distinct entity, but around the member states, approach which supports the idea of a horizontal Europeanization.

  16. Berlin-Hamburg maglev train, an integral element of the Deutsche Bahn AG high-speed network; Die Magnetschnellbahn Berlin-Hamburg als integraler Bestandteil des Hochgeschwindigkeitsnetzes der Deutschen Bahn AG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fechner, H. [Magnetschnellbahn-Planungsgesellschaft mbH, Schwerin (Germany)

    1998-12-31

    Berlin will soon be a turntable of traffic in Europa and a gateway to Eastern Europe. The Deutsche Bahn AG high-speed network is an important element. In September 1998, the Berlin-Hanover ICE connection was finished; the Berlin-Hamburg maglev connection will follow by 2005. Berlin will be the linking point of the two systems. (orig.) [Deutsch] Bereits in wenigen Jahren wird Berlin europaeische Verkehrsdrehscheibe und Tor zu Osteuropa sein. Eine Voraussetzung dafuer ist die Anbindung an das Hochgeschwindigkeitsstreckennetz der Deutschen Bahn. Ein wichtiger Schritt dahin ist die Inbetriebnahme der ICE-Verbindung Berlin - Hannover im September 1998; ein folgender wird die Magnetschnellbahnverbindung Berlin - Hamburg im Jahr 2005 sein. Im Hochgeschwindigkeitskonzept der Deutschen Bahn AG wird Berlin die Schnittstelle zwischen Rad/Schiene- und Magnetschwebetechnik bilden und die Verknuepfung der beiden Systeme erstmals demonstrieren. (orig.)

  17. Autonomous Mobile Systems 2012 22 Fachgespräch Stuttgart, 26 bis 28 September 2012

    CERN Document Server

    Zweigle, Oliver; Häußermann, Kai; Eckstein, Bernd

    2012-01-01

    In erster Linie werden Tagungsberichte von Fachtagungen der Gesellschaft für Informatik veröffentlicht, die regelmäßig, oft in Zusammenarbeit mit anderen wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaften, von den Fachausschüssen der Gesellschaft für Informatik veranstaltet werden. Die Auswahl der Vorträge erfolgt im allgemeinen durch international zusammengesetzte Programmkomitees. Die Tagungssprache ist Deutsch.

  18. AGF activieties in the field of systems analysis and technology assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1983-01-01

    Activities of the following West German organisation in the field of systems analysis are reviewed: Kernforschungsanlage Juelich (KFA), Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe (KfK), Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt (DFVLR), Gesellschaft fuer Strahlen- und Umweltforschung (GSF), Gesellschaft fuer Mathematik und Datenverarbeitung (GMD), Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik (IPP). (UA) [de

  19. Massenmedien und Versöhnung: Die Berichterstattung über den deutsch-französischen Friedensprozeß nach dem 2. Weltkrieg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Jaeger

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Der vorliegende Beitrag beinhaltet die ersten Ergebnisse einer Langzeitstudie, bei der flächendeckend die deutsche Nachkriegsberichterstattung über Frankreich von 1946 bis 1970 inhaltsanalytisch ausgewertet wurde. Die Studie stützt sich dabei auf das Modell der Nachrichtenfaktoren von Johan Galtung, welche nach seiner Ansicht die Auswahl der Themen bestimmen, die zu einer Nachricht werden. Genau in diesen Selektionsroutinen liegt jedoch die implizite Gefahr, Konflikte zu vertiefen statt sie einzudämmen bzw. durch ein breites Verständnis der Hintergründe gewaltfrei bearbeitbar zu machen. Für die Zeit nach einem Krieg könnten sie Hindernisse auf dem Weg zur Annäherung und Aussöhnung ehemaliger Gegner darstellen. Wie jedoch sieht die Berichterstattung nach dem Krieg tatsächlich aus? Zeigen Massenmedien Bereitschaft zu einer veränderten Berichterstattung? Der Fall der französisch-deutschen Aussöhnung, welcher als Beispiel für einen gelungenen Aussöhnungsprozess gelten kann, belegt, dass Friedensprozesse von den Medien durchaus adäquat begleitet werden können: Z.B. ist der Anteil "positiver" Themen bzw. Berichterstattung konsistent höher als der "negativer", und der Anteil von Non-Elite-Themen steigt an und kündet von Interesse an französischer Lebensart und Kultur. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass Negativismus in den Medien kein Naturgesetz ist, sondern überwunden werden kann, wenn Frieden und Versöhnung auf der Tagesordnung stehen.

  20. Development of an indicator system for the German action plan to global climate change (DAS); Entwicklung eines Indikatorensystems fuer die Deutsche Anpassungsstrategie an den Klimawandel (DAS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoenthaler, Konstanze; Andrian-Werburg, Stefan von [Bosch und Partner GmbH, Muenchen (Germany); Nickel, Darla [Ecologic gGmbH Institut fuer Internationale und Europaeische Umweltpolitik, Berlin (Germany)

    2011-12-15

    On 17th December 2008 the German Federal Cabinet adopted the German Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (DAS: Deutsche Anpassungsstrategie) (BUNDESREGIERUNG 2008). The DAS has created the framework for adapting to the consequences of climate change in Germany. First and foremost, the DAS contributes its guidelines at Federal level, to provide guidance for agents at other levels. The Strategy lays the foundation for a medium-term process. In conjunction with the individual Federal States and other groups representing various sectors of society, the Strategy provides a step-by-step assessment of the risks of climate change. Furthermore, it states the potential requirements for action, and defines the appropriate goals and potential adaptation measures to be developed and implemented in the process. The Strategy is divided into 13 action fields and two cross-sectional fields (=14+15). (1) Human health (2) Building sector (3) Water regime, water management, coastal and marine protection (4) Soil (5) Biological diversity (6) Agriculture (7) Woodland and forestry (8) Fishery (9) Energy industry (conversion, transport and supply) (10) Financial services industry (11) Transport, transport infrastructure (12) Trade and industry (13) Tourism industry (14) Spatial, regional and physical development planning (15) Civil protection. In due course, the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) will design a comprehensive set of tools to support and implement the DAS. This will be made available for download from www.anpassung.net. An integral part of this will be the 'Tatenbank' (www.tatenbank.anpassung.net), the 'Klimalotse' (www.klimalotse.anpassung.net), FISKA (special information system 'Adaptation') and an Indicator System to aid adaptation. The latter is one of the key tasks identified for the DAS. As far as the Indicator System is concerned, it has been decided to prepare a Report on Indicators for the challenges facing Germany and the

  1. Philipp Ther: In der Mitte der Gesellschaft.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Gabrielová, Jarmila

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 45, 1–2 (2008), s. 200-203 ISSN 0018-7003 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : opera houses * Central Europe * 1815–1914 Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  2. Papers of the Braunschweigische Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft. Vol. LIX; Abhandlungen der Braunschweigischen Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft. Bd. LIX

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheier, Claus-Artur (ed.)

    2008-07-01

    The topic of this symposium is global change and biological invasion. Looking back on earth history to get a rule for the dynamic of changes to be watched today. The science history with contributions on Leibnitz, Euler and Moses Mendelsohn is also presented, and finally presented are contributions on theology and cognition theory. (orig./GL)

  3. Stressbelastung von Medizinstudierenden messen: Übersetzung des „Perceived Medical School Stress Instruments“ in die deutsche Sprache [Measurement of specific medical school stress: translation of the “Perceived Medical School Stress Instrument” to the German language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voltmer, Edgar

    2013-05-01

    Burn-out. Vitaliano et al. haben bereits 1984 ein 13 Items umfassendes Instrument zur Messung der spezifischen Stressbelastung von Medizinstudierenden, das „Perceived Medical School Stress Instrument“ (PMSS, vorgestellt. Es wurde seitdem im englischsprachigen Bereich breit eingesetzt und validiert. Bislang liegt jedoch keine deutschsprachige Version des Instrumentes vor. Ziel des Projektes war die Übersetzung des PMSS in die deutsche Sprache, um es im Rahmen von Studien im deutschsprachigen Raum einzusetzen.Methodik: Die englischsprachigen Items des PMSS wurden von drei Untersuchern in die deutsche Sprache übersetzt. Die Versionen wurden synoptisch gegenübergestellt und auf dieser Basis wurde für jedes Item eine deutschsprachige Version formuliert. Diese Versionen wurden von Muttersprachlerinnen in die englische Sprache zurückübersetzt. Auf der Basis dieser Rückübersetzungen, eines kognitiven Debriefings an 19 deutschen Medizinstudierenden und einer testtheoretischen Evaluation an 169 deutschen Medizinstudierenden wurden dann die endgültigen deutschsprachigen Formulierungen festgelegt. Ergebnisse: Das PMSS konnte ohne größere Schwierigkeiten in die deutsche Sprache übersetzt werden. Sowohl zwischen den Übersetzungen in die deutsche Sprache als auch zwischen beiden Rückübersetzungen waren die Übereinstimmungen groß. Bei Diskrepanzen erfolgte die Einigung schnell und unkompliziert. Der Einsatz der deutschsprachigen Version erbrachte einen guten Wert für die Reliabilität (Cronbachs Alpha 0,81.Schlussfolgerung: Es steht nun auch für deutschsprachigen Raum ein spezifisches Instrument zur Messung der Stressbelastung von Medizinstudierenden zur Verfügung.

  4. DGMK conference 'Energetic utilisation and recycling of waste and biomass'. Authors' manuscripts; Beitraege zur DGMK-Fachbereichstagung 'Energetische und stoffliche Nutzung von Abfaellen und Biomassen'. Autorenmanuskripte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This conference of Deutsche Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft fuer Erdoel, Erdgas und Kohle focused on energetic utilisation and recycling of waste materials and biomass, i.e. combustion, gasification and pyrolysis. Aspects of process control were gone into as well. [German] Die Fachbereichstagung der Deutschen Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft fuer Erdoel, Erdgas und Kohle beschaeftigte sich mit der energetischen und stofflichen Nutzung von Abfall und Biomasse. Verbrennung, Vergasung und Pyrolyse verschiedener Abfallstoffe sowie die Prozesssteuerung wurden eroertert.

  5. Überblick und Perspektive für die interkulturelle Literatur im Fach „Deutsch als Fremdsprache“ am Beispiel der Chamisso-Preisträgerinnen und -Preisträger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Malaguti

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Der folgende Beitrag präsentiert auf der Grundlage der interkulturellen Germanistik Analysemodelle und Grundstrukturen für den Umgang mit der deutschsprachigen Literatur im Fremdsprachenunterricht, in Studienfächern und in literaturwissenschaftlichen Veranstaltungen mit Bezug auf die deutsche Sprache aus der Fremdperspektive (mit „Deutschbezug“. Eine passende Textauswahl unterstützt die Arbeit mit Literatur in den oben genannten Settings und für die oben genannte Perspektive. Die Literaturforschung über Autorinnen und Autoren, deren Werk von einem Sprach- oder auch Kulturwechsel geprägt ist, wie es z.B. bei den Chamisso-Preisträgerinnen und - Preisträgern der Fall ist, bietet sich als Orientierung. This article presents analysis models and frameworks for dealing with German literature based on the inter- and transcultural approach. For German Literature is taught in different settings, e.g. in language classes as foreign language, academic classes or in academic literature courses about Germany, with the objective to reach the ability to see things from another´s perspective, a suitable text selection supports the work with literature in the above mentioned settings and objective. The research on authors like the Chamisso Prize winners, whose work is characterized by a language or cultural change, is an orientation to reach this aim.

  6. Die Beurteilung von Lehrwerken für Deutsch als Fremdsprache anhand des Gemeinsamen Europäischen Referenzrahmens für Sprachen: eine empirische Untersuchung über die Entwicklung der lexikalischen Kompetenz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreja Retelj

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Der Gemeinsame Europäische Referenzrahmen (weiter: GeR gilt seit der Erscheinung im Jahr 2001 als ein Hilfsmittel nicht nur für Lehrende und Lernende, sondern auch für Curricula-Entwickler und Prüfungsentwickler und nicht zuletzt auch für Lehrbuchautoren. Das wesentliche Prinzip des GeR ist die Handlungsorientierung, welches die sprachliche Kommunikation als Handlung auffasst und sie weiter nach den Fertigkeiten Hören und Lesen, zusammenhängend Sprechen, an Gesprächen teilnehmen, Schreiben kategorisiert. Jede Fertigkeit wird mit Handlungsdeskriptoren in Skalen in sechs Referenzniveaus (A1 bis C2 beschrieben. Dadurch soll eine größere Transparenz im Lehr/Lernprozess und zugleich ein Weg zur Bildung der kommunikativen Sprachkompetenz geschaffen werden. Da die Lehrwerke einen großen Teil des Fremdsprachenunterrichts bestimmen, werden in diesem Beitrag die in den letzten Jahren an slowenischen Gymnasien am häufigsten gebrauchten Lehrwerke für Deutsch als Fremdsprache anhand des GeR hinsichtlich der Entwicklung der lexikalischen Kompetenz untersucht.

  7. Dos historias latinoamericanas de la infamia. Una lectura comparada de Morirás lejos de José Emilio Pacheco y “Deutsches Requiem” de Jorge Luis Borges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Martín Adur Nobile

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda dos obras de escritores latinoamericanos que tienen como tema común el nazismo: “Deutsches Requiem” de Jorge Luis Borges y Morirás lejos de José Emilio Pacheco. Partiendo del problema de la representación del mal, estudiamos las diversas estrategias que estos autores proponen para abordarlo. En primer lugar, los modos de construir a los nazis Otto Dietrich y eme, es decir, de representar “seres absolutamente perversos”. Analizamos luego el empleo de las notas al pie, que contribuyen a multiplicar la instancia narrativa e introducir la autorreflexividad en obras que parecen requerir alguna forma de distanciamiento. Por último, abordamos la intertextualidad bíblica, indagando las funciones específicas que tiene en cada texto. Buscamos abrir perspectivas sobre un problema central para la literatura contemporánea —la escritura del mal— y estimular los estudios sobre las obras literarias latinoamericanas que abordan las Shoah, y que, consideramos, no han recibido suficiente atención de la crítica.

  8. Nuclear problems 1983: Renormalization of a stagnating market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1983-01-01

    The 1983 Annual Meeting on Nuclear Engineering was held by Deutsches Atomforum (DAtF) and Kerntechnische Gesellschaft (KTG) in Berlin on June 14 to 16, 1983. The article presents parts of the opening speeches of H. Hennies, chairman of the meeting, and R. von Weizsaecker, mayor in office of Berlin, the closing speech of R. Guck, chairman of Deutsches Atomforum, and the speech of H. Riesenhuber, Federal Minister for Research and Technology. (orig.) [de

  9. NTIAC Handbook. Revision/Supplement Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    10003 NTIAC-018466 Schaeffel, John Arnold , Jr. "Acoustical Speckle Interferometry" Technical report, March 1979, 103 pp, DRDMI-T-79-39; Army Missile... Arnold Engineering Devel- opment Center, Arnold AFS, TN, AD-A064849 NTIAC-021700M Smith, Dallas G.; Schaeffel, John A. Jr. "Quantitative...Meeting by Deutsche Gesells - chaft fur Metallkunde E.V., April 1979, Bad Nauheim, West Germany, 355-383; Deutsche Gesellschaft * . ’fur Metallkunde

  10. Language awareness und Deutsch als Fremdsprache

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Demmig

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Der Beitrag diskutiert die Rolle des Konzepts der Language Awareness im Fach DaF. Es hat zunächst aus angrenzenden Fächern wie der Fremdsprachendidaktik und der Didaktik des Faches DaZ Eingang in die Didaktik des Faches DaF gefunden. Hier hat es bisher vor allem in der Entwicklung von Curricula eine Rolle gespielt. Eine Perspektive zur weiteren Forschung ist aus Sicht der Autorin im Bereich der Teacher Language Awareness zu sehen.  The paper discusses the role of the concept of Language Awareness in specialized GFL. It first approached the teaching of GFL through neighboring disciplines such as foreign language teaching and the teaching of the German as a Second Language. Here, it especially played a role in the development of curricula. In the author's view, a perspective for further research can be seen in the field of Teacher Language Awareness.

  11. Deutsche Fremdwortlexikografie zwischen 1800 und 2007

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heier, Anke

    daran, dass in ihnen ein Wortschatzbereich erfasst, beschrieben, kommentiert, zum Teil auch diskutiert wird, der in der Öffentlichkeit bis heute besondere Aufmerksamkeit erfährt. Bisher fokussierten wissenschaftliche Analysen jedoch vor allem auf ältere und puristische Werke. Diese Untersuchung nimmt...

  12. Sprachvermittlung und Spracherwerb in Afrika. Deutsch nach ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Teaching foreign languages in a multilingual context, such as one finds in South African schools, poses unique questions. The theory that pedagogically underpins and articulates the value of the study of foreign languages is internationally established and thus also valid in the South African context. Nevertheless, one has ...

  13. Members' meeting of the Deutsches Atomforum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1976-01-01

    In the example of nuclear energy, the crisis of people in the modern industrial society is analysed by means of six themes: 1) the fear-envy syndrome; 2) the identity crisis; 3) projection and identification; 4) citizens initiatives; 5) information policies; 6) group aims. The author infers that in reality, almost too much information has already been given, it is already difficult for the recipient to still get a clear picture. In his opinion, it is not a question of deficit of information but rather a deficit of confidence. The ever more abstract and non-transparent industrial society combines to produce fear in people. This fear might have found a field af activity in citizens' initiatives to prevent nuclear power plant construction. Accordingly, it is necessary before anything, to develop a relationship of confidence between citizens' initiatives, nuclear power plant builders and operators as well as politicians. (HP) [de

  14. Die Zukunft der ärztlichen Weiterbildung in Deutschland – Positionspapier des Ausschusses Weiterbildung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA [The future of graduate medical education in Germany – Position paper of the committee on graduate medical education of the Society for Medical Education (GMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weih, Markus

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available [english] The German graduate medical education system is going through an important phase of changes. Besides the ongoing reform of the national guidelines for graduate medical education (Musterweiterbildungsordnung, other factors like societal and demographic changes, health and research policy reforms also play a central role for the future and competitiveness of graduate medical education.With this position paper, the committee on graduate medical education of the Society for Medical Education (GMA would like to point out some central questions for this process and support the current discourse.As an interprofessional and interdisciplinary scientific society, the GMA has the resources to contribute in a meaningful way to an evidence-based and future-oriented graduate medical education strategy.In this position paper, we use four key questions with regards to educational goals, quality assurance, teaching competence and policy requirements to address the core issues for the future of graduate medical education in Germany. The GMA sees its task in contributing to the necessary reform processes as the only German speaking scientific society in the field of medical education.[german] Die ärztliche Weiterbildung in Deutschland befindet sich im Umbruch. Neben der aktuellen Reform der Musterweiterbildungsordnung spielen gesellschaftliche, demographische, gesundheits- und forschungspolitische Faktoren eine wichtige Rolle für die Zukunft und Konkurrenzfähigkeit der ärztlichen Weiterbildung.Der Ausschuss für Weiterbildung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA möchte mit diesem Positionspapier auf zentrale Fragen in diesem Prozess aufmerksam machen und Impulse für den aktuellen Diskurs geben.Dabei kann die GMA als interdisziplinäre und interprofessionelle Fachgesellschaft wichtige Beiträge zu einer evidenzbasierten und zukunftsorientierten Weiterbildungsstrategie liefern.Im vorliegenden Papier werden anhand von vier Leitfragen zu

  15. Parliamentary democracy and pluralist society; Parlamentarische Demokratie und pluralistische Gesellschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, Horst

    2010-10-15

    The Federal Republic of Germany is a democracy: The people expresses its political will in general, direct, free, equal and secret elections, in this way appointing its representatives at federal, state and local levels. The persons elected assemble in parliaments, deciding mainly on laws (legislative). Majorities are opposed to minorities in this process, the former constituting and supporting a government while the latter, as the opposition, exercise parliamentary control over the former. The political structure of a parliamentary democracy is matched by society, which continuously forms its political opinions and is able also to express them. In addition, the media exercise both political control and the function of forming public opinion. These personal and societal freedoms of action and expression are effective in a pluralist society not bound by one standard opinion and able to re-form itself continuously. The rights set out in the Basic Law and the structures in place constitute a balanced framework for political and societal reality. In what way this framework is filled depends decisively on political culture in general and on the political style of personal contact in individual cases. The past few months, and their debate about operating life extensions for the nuclear power plants in Germany, can be judged in the light of both the constitutional structure of a parliamentary democracy and the political style and political culture in our pluralist society. Intellectual objectivity has never harmed a society, while a loss of political culture can quickly lead to instabilities and political decisions with negative consequences for the future. (Constitutional) law alone is not always able to direct this development in a positive sense. (orig.)

  16. Glaube in der multireligiösen Gesellschaft: Zur Bildungskompetenz ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    ),. Multikulturalität im vereinten Europa: Historische und juristische Aspekte, Göttingen 2003, S. 145-162, bes S 149f. A Grünschloß, Der eigene und der fremde Glaube. Studien zur interreligiösen Fremdwahrnehmung in Islam, Hinduismus, ...

  17. 20. meeting of the Gesellschaft fuer Paediatrische Radiologie

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 54 papers presented at the meeting deal with the methods, reliability and specific problems of paediatric radiology. Sonography is given particular attention. Apart from conventional radiological techniques, also CT and nuclear techniques are reviewed. (MG) [de

  18. Glaube in der multireligiösen Gesellschaft: Zur Bildungskompetenz ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Dabei soll es um den. Beitrag der Theologie für einen toleranten Umgang mit der multikulturellen. Situation der Gegenwart gehen. Die These, welche ich hierbei vorstellen möchte, lautet, dass mit dem evangelischen Glaubensverständnis ein reflektierter Umgang mit religiösen und kulturellen Unterschieden verbunden ist.

  19. Berliner Elektronenspeicherring-Gesellschaft fuer Synchrotronstrahlung (BESSY). Annual report 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gaupp, A.; Jung, C.

    1994-01-01

    The first part of the report presents general information on the organisational structure of the BESSY institution and explains the experimental devices and user activities at the BESSY I department, followed by an overview of achievements and developments relating to machines and experiments, including the BESSY II project. The main reporting part summarizes the activities and achievements of the Lithography Laboratory of the Fraunhofer Institute for Silicon Technology, (ISIT) and of the Radiometry Laboratory of PTB, and the basic research activities, arranged according to subject areas. The machine developments are reported, placing emphasis on the developments in the BESSY II project. There is a list of events held at BESSY and of visitors, followed by a bibliography of publications and theses based on research work carried out at BESSY. (orig./HP) [de

  20. Glaube in der multireligiösen Gesellschaft: Zur Bildungskompetenz ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An evangelical understanding of religion: The establishment of sensible communication within religious and cultural pluralities The article argues that when different religions and cultures live together in modern societies, it will result in a great deal of conflict. It is also true of Systematic Theology driven by confessions if ...

  1. Teadus ja ühiskond = Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft / Eero Loone

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loone, Eero, 1935-

    2005-01-01

    Teaduspoliitika peab autori hinnangul olema teadust säilitav, kasvatav ja arendav ning ühendama teaduse kõrgharidusega. Vt. ka Carl Friedrich Gethmann'i kommentaari lk. 144-151,405-411 ja Jüri Engelbrechti kommentaari lk. 152-154,412-414

  2. Comoé National Park – a refuge for critically endangered vulture ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Campbell Murn

    vulture nests to assess the status of the different species in the south- west of the park;. 2. To capture two White- headed Vultures or White-backed. Vultures to equip them with satellite tags;. 3. To introduce the project to the park-authorities of the Office. Ivorien des Parcs et Reserves. (OIPR), to the Deutsche Gesellschaft.

  3. Date et densité optimales de semis du niébé [Vigna unguiculata (L ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 avr. 2014 ... Investigacion sobre sistemas de produccion agricola para el pequeno agricultor del tropico. Turrialba 25:283-293. Steiner K.G., 1984. Intercropping in tropical smallholder agriculture with special reference to west Africa. Second edition. Deutsche Gesellschaft fur. Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ).

  4. Genealogentag 2006 / Nils Saje

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saje, Nils

    2006-01-01

    18.-19. märtsini 2006 toimunud Baltisaksa Genealoogia Seltsi (Deutsch-Baltischen Genealogischen Gesellschaft) genealoogiapäevast Darmstadtis. Baltisaksa Genealoogia Selts on organisatsioon, mille liikmeskond kasvab. 2006. aasta jaanuaris ilmus esimest korda "DBGG-Genealogen-Echo". Uue valitud juhatuse koosseis, ettekannete loetelu

  5. Further training, an important task for the DMT Institute for Business Management and Further Training. Fortbildung, ein wichtiger Auftrag fuer das DMT-Institut fuer Unternehmensfuehrung und Fortbildung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoenfeld, H. (DMT-Gesellschaft fuer Lehre und Bildung mbH (Germany, F.R.). DMT-Institut fuer Unternehmensfuehrung)

    1990-04-19

    The Institute for Business Management and Further Training of the Deutsche Montan Technologie Gesellschaft fuer Lehre und Bildung GmbH is available to the German coal mining industry for training engineers and technicians. This training institute offers a wide range of seminars and events, which are aimed at quite different target groups. 4 figs., 1 tab.

  6. Tris stimulated ecdysteroid secretion via Ca2+ messenger system in the prothoracic glands of Locusta migratoria

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Neuwirth, Aleš; Kodrík, Dalibor; Birkenbeil, H.; Sehnal, František

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 30, - (2005), s. 270-277 ISSN 0307-6962 Grant - others:Deutsch Gesellschaft fur Luft-und Raumfahrt(DE) TSR-072-97 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50070508 Keywords : Calcium channels * ecdysteroids * inositol triphosphate Subject RIV: ED - Physiology Impact factor: 1.221, year: 2005

  7. From pricing regulations of the feed-in scheme (EEG) through to financial security under the Atomic Energy Act (AtG): the German legal system for the energy sector in the context of EC legislation on state aid; Von den Verguetungspflichten des Energieeinspeisungsgesetzes bis zur Deckungsvorsorge des Atomgesetzes: die deutsche Energierechtsordnung im Koordinatensystem des Europaeischen Beihilfenrechts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuehling, J. [Zentrum fuer Europaeische Integrationsforschung (ZEI) an der Univ. Bonn (Germany)

    2001-07-01

    This contribution is a comprehensive analysis of EC law on state aid and resulting possible impacts on the German legal system for the energy sector. The analysis reveals that, depending on the legal interpretation of Art. 87 of the EC Treaty, further non-compliance issues such as that currently under debate in connection with German legislation supporting market penetration of electricity from renewable energy sources, may arise in the future. Further examples referred to are the German system of liability reserves for the decommissioning of nuclear power plants, and the system of third party liability for nuclear power plant operators. The author addresses various problem areas and uses characteristic examples in explaining conceivable matters of conflict. (orig./CB) [German] Der Beitrag ist eine umfassende Analyse des Europaeischen Beihilfenrechts und seiner Auswirkungen auf die deutsche Energierechtsordnung. Dabei wird deutlich, dass sich je nach Auslegung des Art. 87 EGV nicht nur im Hinblick auf die aktuelle deutsche Gesetzgebung zur Foerderung erneuerbarer Energien beihilfenrechtliche Probleme ergeben, sondern auch im Zusammenhang mit der Rueckstellungspraxis fuer die Stilllegung von Kernkraftwerken und das System der Haftpflicht von Kernkraftwerksbetreibern. Die unterschiedlichen Konfliktfelder werden an einigen markanten Beispielen aufgezeigt. (orig./CB)

  8. DGMK faculty meeting: Utilisation of energy and matter of wastes and renewable materials, Velen, 20-22 April 1998. Authors` manuscripts; Beitraege zur DGMK-Fachbereichstagung `Energetische und stoffliche Nutzung von Abfaellen und nachwachsenden Rohstoffen` 20.-22. April 1998 in Velen/Westf.. Autorenmanuskripte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    This publication of the Deutsche Wissenschafatliche Gesellschaft fuer Erdoel, Erdgas und Kohle e.V. (DGMK) contains papers from the conference of the above title that was held in Velen in April 1998. Key subjects were biomass fluidized-bed pregasification, co-cracking of plastics and petroleum residues, waste incinerators, and economic aspects. (ABI) [Deutsch] Die Deutsche Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft fuer Erdoel, Erdgas und Kohle e.V. (DGMK) veroeffentlicht Beitraege zu Fragen der energetischen und stofflichen Nutzung von Abfaellen und nachwachsenden Rohstoffen von ihrer Fachtagung in Velen im April 1998. Projekte befassen sich mit der Biomassevergasung in der Wirbelschicht und dem Cocracken von Kunststoffen und Erdoelrueckstaenden. Verschiedene Konzepte zum Betrieb von Muellverbrennungsanlagen werden vorgestellt und Wirtschaftlichkeitsbetrachtungen aufgestellt. (ABI)

  9. Conference Report: “Thirty Years of German–Beninese Cooperation in Social Science Research on Benin: Topics, Conclusions, Future Prospects” – Thurnau/Bayreuth, 8–10 March 2012 Konferenzbericht: “30 Jahre sozialwissenschaftliche Benin-Forschung in deutsch-beninischer Zusammenarbeit: Themen, Ergebnisse, Ausblicke” – Thurnau/Bayreuth, 8.-10. März 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeannett Martin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This report summarizes the contributions and debates from a conference on German–Beninese cooperation in social science research (8–10 March 2012, University of Bayreuth. In drawing on the experiences from more than three decades of social science research on this West African country, it refers to examples from the past and present of African Studies in Germany, as well as describing the potential for German–African cooperation in this field in the future. Aside from this, it raises the question of whether and how social science cooperation is possible given the economic and power disparities. It is argued that cooperation “on equal terms” will not be easy to achieve but must be consistently striven for – personally as well as politically.Dieser Bericht fasst die Beiträge und Debatten einer Konferenz zur deutsch-beninischen Kooperation in der Sozialforschung (Universität Bayreuth, 8.-10. März 2012 zusammen. Indem Erfahrungen aus drei Jahrzehnten Sozialforschung zu diesem westafrikanischen Land skizziert werden, entsteht beispielhaft ein Bild der Afrikaforschung in Deutschland. Die Potenziale deutsch-afrikanischer Zusammenarbeit in diesem Bereich werden deutlich. Gleichzeitig wird die Frage beleuchtet, ob und wie angesichts der vorhandenen wirtschaftlichen Unterschiede und hierarchischen Strukturen eine Kooperation in der sozialwissenschaftlichen Forschung möglich ist. Die Autorinnen halten eine Zusammenarbeit zu gleichen Bedingungen für schwer erreichbar, plädieren aber dafür, sich kontinuierlich dafür einzusetzen – persönlich und politisch.

  10. [German Urological Associations under National Socialism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krischel, M; Moll, F; Fangerau, H

    2011-09-01

    The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Urologie (German Urological Association), established in 1907, was a German-Austrian medical society in which Jewish physicians held important positions. When the Nazis seized power in 1933, the Austrian Hans Rubritius was president of the society. The non-German presidency and the exclusion of Jewish colleagues from the professional society and medical practice led to a halt of the society's activities. At the same time in the mid 1930s, German urologists founded the Gesellschaft Reichsdeutscher Urologen (Association of Reichs-German Urologists) whose members aligned themselves with Nazi health policies and in turn received professional and personal benefits.

  11. DGMK spring meeting of the 'Exploration and Production' department. Authors' manuscripts; DGMK-Fruehjahrstagung des Fachbereichs 'Aufsuchung und Gewinnung'. Autorenmanuskripte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The spring meeting of the Deutsche Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft fuer Erdoel, Erdgas und Kohle e.V. focused on exploration and production. Papers were presented on exploration and production in general, geology, deposit development, extraction of petroleum/natural gas, drilling, underground storage, geophysics and geochemistry. [German] Die Fruehjahrstagung der Deutschen Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft fuer Erdoel, Erdgas und Kohle e.V. wurde vom Fachbereich ''Aufsuchung und Gewinnung'' bestimmt. Die Vortraege beschaeftigten sich mit den Gebieten Exploration and Production allgemein, Geologie, Lagerstaettentechnik, Foerdertechnik fuer Erdoel/Erdgas, Bohrtechnik, Untertagesspeichertechnik, Geophysik und Geochemie.

  12. [Geriatric trauma centers - requirements catalog. An initiative to promote and guarantee the quality of care of elderly trauma patients receiving inpatient care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gogol, M; van den Heuvel, D; Lüttje, D; Püllen, R; Reingräber, A C; Schulz, R-J; Veer, A; Wittrich, A

    2014-06-01

    For the care of the elderly, specific geriatric care facilities in hospitals and specialized rehabilitation centers have been established in the last 20 years throughout Germany. In addition, trauma surgery departments in hospitals and clinics also provide comprehensive care for trauma patients. The present requirements catalog was developed with the aim to ensure the standardization and quality assurance of these care facilities. Thus, the structural basics and, in particular, the structured cooperation between geriatrics and trauma surgery are described and defined in terms of structure, process, and outcome quality. The Bundesverband Geriatrie, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geriatrie, and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gerontologie und Geriatrie offer documentation for external and internal use and evaluation of the structures and processes for certification of geriatric trauma centers. Prerequisite for certification is to meet the technical requirements defined in the requirements catalogue or documents derived from it, and proof of a quality management system according to ISO 9001.

  13. Sustainability certification systems as guidelines for early-phase urban design processes

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Lotte Bjerregaard; Bjerre, Lærke; Mansfelt, Lise

    2016-01-01

    The German Sustainable Building Council (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nachhaltiges Bauen or DGNB) has one of the most comprehensive sustainability certification systems for urban districts (UD). Their explicit aim is that the system should impact the very earliest design decisions. The Technical University of Denmark has tested the DGNB-UD system in two experimental design projects for similar locations to find out how it can be used in the early-phase design process. This paper describes these ...

  14. Surface glycoconjugates of Lyme borreliosis spirochetes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vancová, Marie; Nebesářová, Jana; Grubhoffer, Libor

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 9, Supplement 03 (2003), s. 506-507 ISSN 1431-9276. [Microscopy Conference 2003, Conference of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Elektronenmikroskopie /31./. Dresden, 07.09.2003-12.09.2003] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/03/1323 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z6022909 Keywords : borreliosis * surface glycoconjugates * spirochete Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology Impact factor: 1.648, year: 2003

  15. Spring Meeting of the German Physical Society : Arbeitskreis FestkÖrperphysik

    CERN Document Server

    the German Physical Society : Arbeitskreis FestkÖrperphysik

    1998-01-01

    This volume contains the invited papers of the Spring meeting of the Arbeitskreis Festkörperphysik of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, which has been held in Münster in 1997. The meeting has been attended by roughly 4000 participants from all areas of solid state physics. This book covers the current status of the fileds and shows the excitement which has been felt by the speakers when presenting their results.

  16. Das Prinzip Genauigkeit

    OpenAIRE

    Bürger, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    Den Nachlass Victor Klemperers konnte die Sächsische Landesbibliothek 1977 von seiner Witwe erwerben. Zum 50. Todestag des Romanisten veranstaltete die SLUB Dresden gemeinsam mit der TU Dresden und der Gesellschaft für Deutsche Sprache eine Gedenkveranstaltung. Auf dieser wurde aus den Tagebüchern gelesen und Bilder aus dem Leben Klemperers gezeigt. Die digitale Edition der Tagebücher wird durch Walter Nowojski ständig erweitert.

  17. Analisis Morfologis Nomina Bahasa Jerman

    OpenAIRE

    Siahaan, Jujur

    2008-01-01

    Tulisan ini mendeskripsikan morfologi nomina, yang membahas tentang bagaimana kategori dan proses morfologis pembentukan nomina bahasa Jerman. Metode yang digunakan dalam analisis ini adalah metode kualitatif deskriptif. Data kepustakaan seperti: buku teks ( Themen neu, Wieso nicht ?, Sprachkurs Deutsch), Jurnal (Scala, Journal für Deutschland, Europa Magazin ) dan majalah Jugend, die Mitmach Gesellschaft serta Juma merupakan sumber data. Data yang sudah terkumpul melalui teknik studi p...

  18. Smoking cessation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: an effective medical intervention.

    OpenAIRE

    Andreas, Stefan; Hering, Thomas; Mühlig, Stephan; Nowak, Dennis; Raupach, Tobias; Worth, Heinrich

    2009-01-01

    As many as 50% of older smokers develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and more than 80% of COPD-associated morbidity is caused by tobacco smoking. Despite the severe symptoms from which COPD patients suffer, they are often unable to quit smoking on their own. Experts from 9 medical societies, under the aegis of the German Society of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Pneumologie und Beatmungsmedizin), have developed an S3 guideline on smoking ce...

  19. Analysis of DGNB-DK criteria for BIM-based Model Checking automatization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gade, Peter Nørkjær; Svidt, Kjeld; Jensen, Rasmus Lund

    This report includes the results of an analysis of the automation potential of the Danish edition of building sustainability assessment method Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nachhaltiges Bauen (DGNB) for office buildings version 2014 1.1. The analysis investigate the criteria related to DGNB-DK and if......-DK and if they would be suited for automation through the technological concept BIM-based Model Checking (BMC)....

  20. Inherited Retinal Degenerative Clinical Trial Network. Addendum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    appropriate military office to develop a fellowship and senior physician training and continuing education program for military ophthalmologists to obtain...basic scientific discoveries have shown that selected nutritional factors , neuroprotective drugs, and gene therapi es are safe and can prevent visual...Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, November 5,2012 • ProgSTAR was presented twice at the Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft ( DOG ) Meeting in Berlin o SASS-367 A

  1. Trends and Characteristics of Tourism Development in Slovenia. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft|Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft - Band 157 157|

    OpenAIRE

    Gosar, Anton; Cigale, Dejan

    2016-01-01

    The paper discusses geographical characteristics of Slovenia from the perspective of tourism development and presents main processes that have marked it in the last decades. Tourism has significantly affected the appearance as well as economic and social structure of many Slovenian regions. The paper focuses on the role of various factors, which influenced tourist attraction of Slovenia and its regions, as well as on changes in tourism supply and demand in the last decades and their relation ...

  2. Mehrsprachigkeit und Schulerfolg – die europäische (deutsche ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    des westlichen, östlichen und südlichen Afrika als Verkehrssprachen dienen. Mehrsprachigkeit ist in Afrika nicht nur, aber zweifellos auch und vor allem ein Problem der. Bildungssysteme. Der Zugang zu Bildung, insbesondere zu höherer Bildung und damit auch zu höheren gesellschaftlichen Positionen ist nach wie vor in ...

  3. Berliner Platz 1 Neu Deutsch im Alltag : Lehr- und Arbeitsbuch

    CERN Document Server

    Lemcke, Christiane; Rodi, Margert; Rohrmann, Lutz; Scherling, Theo

    2009-01-01

    Berliner Platz NEU ist ein Lehrwerk für Erwachsene und Jugendliche ab 16 Jahren. Es wurde speziell für Lernende ohne Vorkenntnisse konzipiert und ermöglicht eine intensive Vorbereitung auf den Alltag in den deutschsprachigen Ländern.

  4. Energy policy. Energiepolitik. Ein deutsch-lateinamerikanischer Dialog

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Czakainski, M.

    1981-01-01

    The present publication is a documentation of the international technical meeting 'Energy Supply for Latin America: State-of-affairs, Problems and Possible Solutions in Ecuador', a joint conference by the Konrad Adenauer-Stiftung and the Instituto Nacional de Energia of Ecuador held at Quito in May 1980. It was the aim of this meeting to expand and to intensify the German-Latin American dialog in the field of energy supply by the help of specific analyses concerning the two countries. The German energy policy within the system of social economy was to be introduced beyond the field of energy industry and technology in order to expand the basis of discussion for future decisions on energy policy in Ecuador. The technical meeting is part of a supporting programme of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung. It aims at supporting the young government of Ecuador which for the first time had been elected democratically in formulating and developing a rational energy policy. The introductory lectures give a survey of the problems and possible solutions of the world energy supply and determine the position of energy policy in Latin America, in Ecuador and the F.R. of Germany, the latter emphasizing structural policy in the energy sector. An essential problem for Ecuador is the insufficient information basis for decisions in the field of energy. The contributions of part two are to meet this deficiency without being able to sufficiently cope with all fields within the framework of the given possibilities. Renewable energy sources have different chances of utilization in Ecuador. They are considered in part three of the book and assessed from the technical and economical print of view. Finally, selected technologies for energy utilization, taking into account the topical issues of Ecuador, are presented.

  5. Deutsche und slowenische Pressenachrichten in zweiten Weltkrieg auf slowenischem Gebiet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marja Bešter

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Bekanntlich haben in den Massenmedien (also auch in Zeitungen veröffentlichte Texte unterschiedliche Funktionen. Verschiedene Autoren führen diese unterschied­ lichen Funktionen, bzw. deren divergierende Häufigkeit auf. Die Fachliteratur plaziert an vorderster Stelle Texte mit Benachrichtigungs- bzw. Informationscharakter (betreffend Ereignisse und Personen (Dular 1974: 68-69, 1979: 54-56, Dular et all 1981: 50-51, Košir 1988: 14; es folgen Texte, die den Adressaten iiberzeugen (Dular et all  1981: 54 bzw. die  (öffentliche  Meinung  bilden  wollen  (Košir  1988:  14, und schließlich erzieherische  (Dular 1974: 68, Dular et all 1981: 54, Kosir  1988: 14 und unterhaltende Texte (Dular 1974: 68, Košir 1988: 14. Natürlich treten nicht sämtliche Funktionen in jedem Text auf, zumindest nicht im gleichen Verhältnis, sie sind vielmehr ineinander verwoben, wobei eine dieser Funktionen dominiert.

  6. Deutsch-russische Beziehungen als gegenseitige Spiegelungen. Die neuesten Forschungsergebnisse

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ulbrechtová, Helena

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 19, č. 2 (2008), s. 122-140 ISSN 1210-9029 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90920516 Keywords : German- Russian relations * The East – the West Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  7. Birgit Steinbügl: Deutsch-englische Kollokationen

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    R.B. Ruthven

    She proceeds from the assumption that the intuition of the linguist or lexicographer cannot be replaced by machine-based investigations, even though data obtained by computers can be more reliable that the intuition of a single mother-tongue speaker. In British contextualism, Firth claims that the situational context in which.

  8. Cost accounting at the Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron = DESY

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1979-01-01

    The cost accounting procedure, consisting of accountings of cost type, burden centers and over-all projects, makes available comprehensive information at regular intervals. This procedure assists in the acquisition of data concerning the costs of the individual projects, data which at the same time form the basis for determining internal services which can be activated or for the invoicing of outside contracts. In addition, the cost accounting can insure a detailed comparison of debits and assests, if corresponding standards are established for cost type, burden centers and over-all projects. The cost accounting print-outs, published quarterly, are put at the disposal of the project commission, among others, which oversees the handling of technical projects, from project application through the planning stage and execution until completion. Further evaluations are planned, in particular, concerning the introduction of company code numbers as well as the projection of cost accounting results into future planning considerations. (author)

  9. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY. Scientific annual report 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-05-01

    The main event in 1993 was the commissioning start-up of DESY as synchrotron radiation source. The annual report covers activities in research (also DESY-Zeuthen), machinery, central data processing, development, and operation. There is much interest in international cooperation. (orig.) [de

  10. 'ECKEL, Jan, Geist der Zeit, Deutsche Wissenschaften seit 1870'

    OpenAIRE

    Georget, Jean-Louis

    2013-01-01

    Le livre de J.E. informe les lecteurs de façon concise et dans un style agréable sur les évolutions les plus importantes des sciences sociales et humaines allemandes depuis 1870. L'auteur décrit le contexte intellectuel et institutionnel dans lequel se déploient et évoluent ces disciplines. Le spectre des disciplines concernées est large : il comprend les disciplines classiques comme l’histoire, la philosophie ou la philologie, mais aussi les matières nouvellement apparues comme la psychologi...

  11. Israelische Public Diplomacy und ihre Wahrnehmung durch deutsche Journalisten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Fleischer

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Public Diplomacy stellt insbesondere für Staaten in internationalen Konflikten wie Israel ein wichtiges Kommunikationsinstrument dar, um ausländische Bevölkerungen zu erreichen. Der Artikel zeigt die Ergebnisse einer Studie, in der untersucht wurde, wie die israelische Public Diplomacy von deutschen Journalisten aufgenommen und verarbeitet wird. Journalisten kommt dabei eine Schlüsselrolle als Mittler zwischen dem israelischen Staat und der deutschen Bevölkerung zu. In Anlehnung an den Katalog der Public Diplomacy-Maßnahmen von Gilboa (2006 wurde die Relevanz einzelner Maßnahmen für Journalisten erfragt. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass persönliche Kontakte für Journalisten nach wie vor eine wichtige Quelle darstellen und nicht von Cyber-Public Diplomacy ersetzt werden können. Staatliche Public Diplomacy wird zwar wahrgenommen, jedoch wird ihre Objektivität bezweifelt, während NGOs und Stiftungen als vertrauenswürdiger eingestuft werden. Des Weiteren wird Israel in der Öffentlichkeit nach wie vor dominierend mit dem Nahostkonflikt identifiziert, was sich nach Meinung der befragten Journalisten auch in Zukunft nicht durch gezielte Öffentlichkeitsarbeit verhindern lässt.

  12. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY. Scientific annual report 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-11-01

    The main event in 1992 was the beginning of the research program of HERA. The annual report covers activities in research, machinery, central data processing, development, and operation. There is much interest in international cooperation. (HP) [de

  13. Niederländisch - Deutsch - Esperanto: eine Kette, die verbindet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, W.; Brosch, C.; Fiedler, S.

    2011-01-01

    Discovery, analysis and presentation of 49 lexical stems in Esperanto which entered the language through German, but which - with their given specific denotations - can be traced back to Old- (Frankish), Middle- or Modern Dutch sources.

  14. Chemical and sensory characteristics of Bunte Deutsche Edelziege ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    use

    2011-11-11

    Nov 11, 2011 ... (2005) for weaning male kids Majorera and fed by. Ivanovic et al. 18437 milk replacer, respectively. Lee et al. (2008a) found the dependence of psychometric light of diet. In m. longissimus dorsi of Boer. × Spanish kids, aged 4 months, fed only with hay. They found L * = 43.57, the kids fed with concentrate, ...

  15. Mehrsprachigkeit und Schulerfolg – die europäische (deutsche ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Multilingualism and multilingual education in Africa are different from multilingualism and multilingual education in Europe. Nevertheless, to some extent the circumstances are comparable. In both regions there are currently important academic and political discussions about the significance of the first language in the ...

  16. EINFLUSSE DES ENGLISCHEN AUF DIE DEUTSCHE WIRTSCHAFTSSPRACHE UND JUGENDSPRACHE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SACARA-ONITA ADINA

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the historical evolution of borrowings in the German language from the Greeks or Romans to the 20th century. The paper underlines the English borrowings present in the everyday speech from academic milieu to teenager medium and its social impact. The paper focuses on economical terms used in an economic magazine called Siemens Welt and on an teenagers everyday speech in magazine Bravo.

  17. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY. Scientific annual report 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-06-01

    As a result of the symbiosis between particle physics and synchrotron radiation research, the spectrum of research done at DESY is extraordinarily large, from research on elementary particles to solid state and surface physics, geosciences, chemistry and materials research up to molecular biology and medical diagnostics. This programme is unique in Europe. In 1995, research work was done by nearly 3000 scientists from 280 different institutions in 35 countries. About 1200 of these scientists were experts in particle physics. DESY is also one of the most important national research centers of Germany: The experimental facilities of HERA and DORIS III are used by about 1700 scientists from more than 90 German universities and research institutions. The annual report deals with research, machines and operation. (orig./DG) [de

  18. Lehrplan des Studiums «Fachsprache (Deutsch

    OpenAIRE

    Kusysсhyn, O. V.; Kusyschyn, P. R.

    2017-01-01

    Кузишин О.В., Кузишин П.Р. Навчальна проґрама вивчення курсу «Фахова іноземна мова для хеміків» (Німецька мова). – Івано-Франківськ: Прикарп. нац. ун-т ім. В.Стефаника, 2012. -  9 с. Репрезентовано навчальну проґраму вивчення курсу «Фахова іноземна мова для хеміків» (Німецька мова). Теоретична частина проґрами містить розділи: «Allgemeine und Anorganische Chemie», «Physikalische Chemie», «Elektrochemie», «Organische Chemie», «Analytische Chemie», «Werkstoffe», «Chemie der Polymermoleküle», «P...

  19. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY. Scientific annual report 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-11-01

    The scientific annual report 1991 presented by DESY again is a very detailed summary of the activities. The HERA activities reported for the most part deal with the preparatory work for the scientific programme for electron-proton collisions in HERA, and with the modified DORIS III electron-positron storage ring. But at the time this annual report will have been published, the physics studies at HERA will have yielded the first and certainly interesting scientific results, and there also are scientific results available of experiments with the newly installed beam guides in DORIS. (orig.) [de

  20. 100G in the network of Deutsche Telekom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Ralf-Peter

    2011-10-01

    The increased traffic demand in data centers and optical transport networks requires higher speed interfaces for the intra- and inter- connections between routers and switches. After 3 years the 100 Gb/s Ethernet (100GE) interface was standardized in the IEEE 802.3ba standard in 2010. Due to the close relation to the ITU-T the interoperability with the 100 Gb/s Optical Transport Unit (OTU-4) of the Optical Transport Network (OTN) in the G.709 recommendation was achieved. Besides the multi-lane approach of the 100GE interfaces at the client side, e.g. the 100GBASE-LR4 interface, 100 Gb/s single channel formats are needed in DWDM systems for the OTN line side in order to get Tb/s link capacities in next generation networks. Currently, both 100 Gb/s technologies for the OTN client and line sides are introduced in the operator's networks.

  1. Dictionary electrical engineering. German-English, English-German. 3. ed.; Woerterbuch Elektrotechnik. Deutsch-Englisch, Englisch-Deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petersen, Hans-Joachim

    2017-06-01

    This dictionary facilitates correct handling of technical terms in electrical engineering. The essential enlargement of vocabulary in this edition offers a well-founded basis of the electrotechnical terms for education as well as for everyday use. An appendix with frequently used phrases complements this dictionary together with the ''International System of Units''. [German] Dieses Woerterbuch erleichtert den fachlich korrekten Umgang mit Fachausdruecken der Elektrotechnik. Die wesentliche Erweiterung des Wortschatzes in dieser Auflage bietet eine fundierte Basis der elektrotechnischen Begriffe sowohl fuer die Ausbildung, als auch die alltaegliche Anwendung. Ein Anhang mit haeufig benutzten Redewendungen ergaenzt zusammen mit dem ''International System of Units'' dieses Woerterbuch.

  2. Wandel hoch drei - Beratung für Jugendliche in einer verunsichernden Gesellschaft

    OpenAIRE

    Vossler, Andreas

    2004-01-01

    Die Bedingungen des Aufwachsens für junge Menschen haben sich im Zuge gesellschaftlicher Modernisierungsprozesse spürbar gewandelt. Jugendliche finden sich in zunehmend komplexen und widersprüchlichen Lebenswelten wieder, die ihnen mehr Handlungsoptionen bieten, ihnen aber auch mehr Selbstorganisation und Entscheidungsprozesse unter Ungewissheitsbedingungen abverlangen. An den veränderten Lern- und Entwicklungsaufgaben drohen vor allem die Jugendlichen zu scheitern, denen der Zugang zu erford...

  3. Wandel hoch drei - Beratung für Jugendliche in einer verunsichernden Gesellschaft

    OpenAIRE

    Vossler, Andreas

    2004-01-01

    Die Bedingungen des Aufwachsens für junge Menschen haben sich im Zuge gesellschaftlicher Modernisierungsprozesse spürbar gewandelt. Jugendliche finden sich in zunehmend komplexen und widersprüchlichen Lebenswelten wieder, die ihnen mehr Handlungsoptionen bieten, ihnen aber auch mehr Selbstorganisation und Entscheidungsprozesse unter Ungewissheitsbedingungen abverlangen. An den veränderten Lern- und Entwicklungsaufgaben drohen vor allem die Jugendlichen zu scheitern, denen der Zugang z...

  4. 34th Annual Conference of the Gesellschaft für Klassifikation e.V.

    CERN Document Server

    Geyer-Schulz, Andreas; Schmidt-Thieme, Lars; Kunze, Jonas

    2012-01-01

    This volume provides approaches and solutions to challenging problems occurring at the interface of research fields such as data analysis, computer science, operations research, and statistics. It includes theoretically oriented contributions as well as papers from various application areas, where knowledge from different research directions is needed to find an adequate analysis and interpretation of the observed data that match optimally the underlying practical situations. Beside traditional classification research, the book focuses also on current interests in fields such as the analysis of network data, graphs, and social relationships as well as on statistical musicology.

  5. Writing History in Swiss Design: A review of Gestaltung. Werk. Gesellschaft. 100 Jahre Schweizerischer Werkbund SWB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah M. Schlachetzki

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available  In Switzerland, where high production costs create a need to market quality design as both a label and an end in itself, industrial design has played a central role in the country’s economic identity. The early protagonists of the Schweizerischer Werkbund (SWB, Swiss Association of Craftsmen were conscious of this fact when negotiating the entanglements of industrial production and artistic creation. With its foundation in 1913, the SWB was to serve as a platform to discuss the potential and limitations of connections between the two fields. New forms of mass production had become a pressing issue for entrepreneurs, architects, designers, and artists alike. Amidst a cacophony of voices calling for radical change or mourning waning tradition, the SWB realized that joining forces would be to the benefit of everyone. Evoking names such as Max Bill or Lucius Burckhardt, as well as keywords such as Stuttgart Weissenhof or 'Die gute Form', the SWB mirrors the history of design and architecture in Switzerland. It has been pivotal in debates on how to shape modernity and how to foster ‘good design’ — from the smallest scale of product design to ideological struggles in regional planning.

  6. Annual report 1992 of the Berliner Elektronenspeicherring-Gesellschaft fuer Synchrotronstrahlung (BESSY)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gaupp, A.

    1993-01-01

    The annual report is arranged as usual, giving general information on the organizational structure of the institution and the measuring services and facilities for users of the synchrotron in the period under review, continuing with the machine report summarizing the design improvements of components of the synchrotron, and with the survey of experiments and activities. The comprehensive original report section presents the reports of the lithography laboratory of the Fraunhofer institute of silicon technology (ISIT) and the report of the radiometry laboratory of the PTB, together with the list of current basic research projects performed by and for users, as of January 1993, followed by the status report of the facilities BESSY I and BESSY II. The list of publications that are based on experimental work performed at the BESSY synchrotron sources does not claim to be comprehensive. (orig./DG) [de

  7. The Work of Rural Professionals: Doing the Gemeinshaft-Gesellschaft Gavotte

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mellow, Muriel

    2005-01-01

    This paper considers how rurality affects the work of professionals. Sociologists have paid little attention to possible rural-urban differences in work styles and no study exists which compares the rural experience of those in different professions. I review the literature describing the work of various rural professionals and examine interview…

  8. Katharina II und die Gesellschaft in den Ostseeprovinzen im Jahre 1764 / Guzel Ibneeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibneeva, Guzel

    2004-01-01

    Katariina II ringreisist Läänemere provintsides 1764. aastal. Tema vastuvõtust Tallinnas, Pärnus ja Riias. Katariina rõhutatult Vene tsarinnalikust käitumisest. Katariina kohtumisest Kuramaa hertsog Bironiga. Selle reisiga pandi nurgakivi imperialistliku poliitika põhimõttele, et poliitiline lojaalsus on ülem etnilisest ja religioossest kuuluvusest

  9. GesprächsStoff Farbe Beiträge aus Wissenschaft, Kunst und Gesellschaft

    CERN Document Server

    Karliczek, Andre

    2017-01-01

    Die Gegenwart eröffnet eine völlig neue Bedeutung und Funktionsaufladung von Farbe. Diese hat in zahlreiche Lebensbereiche Einzug gehalten und reagiert ebenso intelligent auf individuelle Kommunikations- und Unterhaltungsbedürfnisse wie auf hochspezialisierte technologische Anforderungen in Gefahrensituationen. Farbe präsentiert sich als Partner der Energiegewinnung wie als künstlerisches, gestaltendes, gar therapeutisches Medium. Im Rahmen des interdisziplinären Forschungsprojekts „Farbe als Akteur und Speicher“ (FARBAKS) haben in Rückbindung an den Verlauf der Farbgeschichte der vergangenen 200 Jahre zahlreiche Geistes- und Naturwissenschaftler sowie Künstlerinnen und Künstlern den fundamentalen Wandel, dem Farbe seit Beginn der Industrialisierung durch neue technologische Produktions- und Anwendungsformen, durch theoretisch-wissenschaftliche Bewertung und durch neue Bedeutungszuweisungen unterworfen wurde, in den Blick genommen. Der reich bebilderte Band präsentiert Analysen und Ergebnisse un...

  10. Hydrogen `96: From vision to reality. 11. world hydrogen enery conference in Stuttagrt; Hydrogen `96: Von der Vision zur Realitaet. 11. Welt-Wasserstoffenergie-Konferenz in Stuttgart

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1996-08-01

    More than 700 attendants from 45 countries, 140 technical lectures, 6 plenary lectures, 220 poster presentations, 18 exhibitors from sectors such as high-performance electrolysis for hydrogen generation, fuel cells, hydrogen-powered motor cars and hydrogen filling stations - such is, in a few numbers, the statistics of the Hydrogen `96 Conference. The 11th world conference on energy from hydrogen took place in Stuttgart from 23 to 28 June 1996. The event was opened by Dr. Angela Merkel, the federal German minister for environmental affairs, nature conservancy and reactor safety. The organization of the conference was taken care of by DECHEMA (Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Chemisches Apparatewesen, Chemische Technik und Biotechnologie), Frankfurt, who were assisted by experienced partners. To mention only a few: Deutsche Forschungsgesellschaft fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt, the VDI Energietechnik Society, the Center for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research, and the European Federation of Chemical Engineering. (orig.) [Deutsch] Mehr als 700 Teilnehmer aus 45 Laendern, 140 Fachvortraege, 6 Plenarvortraege, 220 Posterpraesentationen, dazu 18 Aussteller aus Bereichen, wie Hochleistungselektrolysen zur Wasserstofferzeugung, Brennstoffzellen, wasserstoffgetriebene Autos und Tankstellen fuer Wasserstoff, das ist, in wenigen Zahlen aufgelistet, die Tagungsstatistik der Hydrogen `96. Die 11. Welt-Wasserstoffenergie-Konferenz fand vom 23. bis 28. Juni 1996 in Stuttgart statt. Eroeffnet wurde die Veranstaltung von der Bundesministerin fuer Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit, Dr. Angela Merkel. Die organisatorische Kompetenz lag bei der DECHEMA, der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Chemisches Apparatewesen, Chemische Technik und Biotechnologie in Frankfurt, die bei der Vorbereitung der Konferenz auf bewaehrte Partner zurueckgreifen konnte. Genannt seien nur die Deutsche Forschungsgesellschaft fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt, die VDI-Gesellschaft Energietechnik, das Zentrum fuer Sonnenenergie

  11. Utility of satellite fire product accuracy information — perspectives and recommendations from the Southern Africa fire network

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Roy, DP

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available . Trigg, R. Bhima, B. H. Brockett, O. P. Dube, P. Frost, N. Govender, T. Landmann, J. Le Roux, T. Lepono, J. Macuacua, C. Mbow, K. L. Mhwandangara, B. Mosepele, O. Mutanga, G. Neo-Mahupeleng, M. Norman, and S. Virgilo Abstract—This correspondence gives... is with the Department of Geography, University of Kwazulu Natal, Pietermaritzburg 3209, South Africa. G. Neo-Mahupeleng is with the African Wildlife Foundation, Kasane, Botswana. M. Norman is with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenar- beit (GTZ...

  12. Solid argon as a possible substrate for quasi-freestanding silicene

    KAUST Repository

    Sattar, Shahid

    2014-06-03

    We study the structural and electronic properties of silicene on solid Ar(111) substrate using ab initio calculations. We demonstrate that due to weak interaction, quasi-freestanding silicene is realized in this system. The small binding energy of only meV per Si atom also indicates the possibility to separate silicene from the solid Ar(111) substrate. In addition, a band gap of 11 meV and a significant splitting of the energy levels due to spin-orbit coupling are observed. 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.

  13. Über die Natur und das Wesen des Geldes: Johann Heinrich von Thünens unveröffentlichter Beitrag zur Geldtheorie

    OpenAIRE

    Nellinger, Ludwig

    2009-01-01

    The economic works of Johann Heinrich von Thünen include 1,000 unpublished pages of drafts and notes on the basis of which he prepared the second volume of his famous 'Isolated State in Relation to Agriculture and Political Economy'. Thünen wrote his texts in the so-called Deutsche Kanzleischrift, a script which can be read today only by specialised historians, rarely by economists. In a first part of a research project of the Thünen-Gesellschaft e.V. 300 pages were transliterated, from which...

  14. Elastolysen und Hauterkrankungen mit Verlust der elastischen Fasern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tronnier, Michael

    2018-02-01

    Die elastischen Fasern sind neben den kollagenen Fasern der wichtigste Bestandteil des Bindegewebsgerüstes der Haut. Eine Verminderung oder ein Verlust der elastischen Fasern ist bei einer Vielzahl von klinisch sich unterschiedlich präsentierenden Erkrankungen, hereditär oder erworben, beschrieben. Bei den Erkrankungen, die mit einer Entzündung einhergehen ist die Elastophagozytose ein wichtiges histologisches Merkmal. Die Therapie der Erkrankungen dieser Gruppe ist grundsätzlich schwierig. © 2018 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. www.kernenergie.de - nuclear power has a German Internet address

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2000-01-01

    www.kernenergie.de is the address on the worldwide web under which the German nuclear organizations, Deutsches Atomforum (DAtF), Informationskreis Kernenergie (IK), and Kerntechnische Gesellschaft (KTG) as well as atw - internationale Zeitschrift fuer Kernenergie, and INFORUM can be reached. Extensive sources of information, discussions, on-line dictionaries, computer codes, dynamic web pages, digital documents and multimedia offerings can be called up via the portal under the individual web sites. In this way, www.kernenergie.de provides a comprehensive and up-to-date background of information about nuclear power and adjacent topics in the digital worldwide web. (orig.) [de

  16. The German Cardiac Society from its foundation as the German Society for Circulation Research to the present: its history, structure and targets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, G

    2002-01-01

    The "Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kardiologie--Herzund Kreislaufforschung" (German Cardiac Society) was founded as "Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kreislaufforschung" on June 6, 1927, in Bad Nauheim by B. Kisch, Cologne, and A. Weber, Bad Nauheim. They were actively supported by F.M. Groedel, Bad Nauheim, who later in 1950--together with B. Kisch, now both of New York--was co-founder of the American College of Cardiology (ACC). Thus, our Society is the oldest society of cardiology in Europe. The first meeting of the Society was held in Cologne in 1928, with H. E. Hering as president. From that year on there was an annual meeting of the Society until the last one during WWII in 1941 in Bad Nauheim. After WWII the first meeting of the Society was held again in Bad Nauheim in 1949. The Society met there annually until 1982. From 1983 onwards--the Society now called "Deutsche Gesellschaft für Herz- und Kreislaufforschung"--the (spring) meeting has taken place in Mannheim. In 1974 an additional annual autumn meeting was established, taking place at alternating locations. The emphasis of these autumn meetings is placed on continuous medical education on a high level, contrary to the spring meetings focussing on the scientific aspects. In 1950 the Society joined the International Society and Federation of Cardiology (ISFC)--now the World Heart Federation (WHF)--in Paris, and in 1952 the European Society of Cardiology (E.S.C.) in London. According to its statutes, in 1994 the Society changed its name to "Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kardiologie--Herz- und Kreislaufforschung". The Society, which brings together cardiologists, clinicians in universities, community hospitals and in private practice, and researchers working in the field of cardiology, cardiac surgeons and pediatric cardiologists, has more than 4900 members, including 10 honorary members, and 13 corresponding members. The Society has 4 committees, 9 project groups and 10 clusters with 29 working groups, and sponsors

  17. ARTISANAL AND SMALL−SCALE MINING IN WASSA AMENFI EAST DISTRICT, (Ghana)

    OpenAIRE

    Ezeji Onyebuchi, Emmanuel

    2014-01-01

    Artisanal and small-scale mining in Ghana has been in existence as far back as pre-colonial era. The industry which is mostly controlled by Ghanaians is highly unregulated pre 1987 (Hilson, 2001). However, because of dwindling state of the economy, the government under the auspices of the German NGO; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) and the World Bank, decided to legalize small-scale mining as part of Economic Recovery Policies (ERP), allowing individuals to mine mine...

  18. Private international law in the jurisprudence of European courts - family at focus

    OpenAIRE

    Župan, Mirela (ed.)

    2016-01-01

    The Faculty of Law at the Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), within the framework of the Open Regional Fund for Southeast Europe (ORF) – Legal Reform and South East European Law School Network, organized the 11th Regional Private International Law Conference: “Private International Law in the Jurisprudence of European Courts – Family at Focus” (Osijek, Croatia, 11-12 June 2014) It was the 11th meeting of academics: p...

  19. Viewpoint – The Role of the German Development Cooperation in Promoting Sustainable Hydropower

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cathleen Seeger

    2010-06-01

    Germany’s engagement in the promotion of participatory processes on dam-related issues is building on the WCD and follow-up processes, as outlined in this article. On the global level, BMZ, represented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ, is currently part of the Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Forum (HSAF. On the national level, one example of support is the contribution to and interaction with the Ghana Dam Dialogue, which is facilitated through two local partners: the International Water Management Institute (IWMI and the Volta Basin Development Foundation (VBDF.

  20. Internationalisierung des Lehramts – eine Quadratur des Kreises? Zu Chancen und Grenzen eines grenzüberschreitenden Paradigmas der Lehrerbildung am Beispiel des Masterstudiengangs MEEF / LINT (Lehramt International Nizza-Regensburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jochen Mecke

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Die Internationalisierung ist nicht das Problem, sie ist die Lösung: In einer europäischen Gesellschaft, in der die Dynamik einer neuen Vielfalt derzeit eine der wenigen Konstanten darstellt, die nationenübergreifend Bestand hat und keine Grenzen kennt, brauchen wir eine Lehrerbildung, die strukturell und konzeptionell so gesamteuropäisch angelegt ist wie ihre Herausforderungen. Wir brauchen trotz und wegen verschiedener bildungspolitischer Unterschiede und Hürden neue Ansätze der Kooperation und Vernetzung, deren Chancen und Herausforderungen in der Folge exemplarisch am binationalen Master of Education MEEF / LINT (Lehramt International Deutsch-Französisch skizziert werden sollen.

  1. [Procedure guidelines for radioiodine therapy of differentiated thyroid cancer (version 2)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietlein, M; Dressler, J; Farahati, J; Grünwald, F; Leisner, B; Moser, E; Reiners, C; Schicha, H; Schober, O

    2004-08-01

    The procedure guidelines for radioiodine therapy (RIT) of differentiated thyroid cancer (version 2) are the counter-part to the procedure guidelines for (131)I whole-body scintigraphy (version 2) and specify the interdisciplinary guidelines for thyroid cancer of the Deutsche Krebsgesellschaft and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chirurgie concerning the nuclear medicine part. Compared with version 1 facultative options for RIT can be chosen in special cases: ablative RIT for papillary microcarcinoma sperm cryoconservation. An interdisciplinary consensus is necessary whether the new TNM-classification (UICC, 6(th) edition, 2002) will lead to modified recommendations for surgical or nuclear medicine therapy, especially for the surgical completeness and for the ablative RIT of pT1 papillary cancer.

  2. HelmholtzZentrum Muenchen Deutsches Forschungszentrum fuer Gesundheit und Umwelt. Annual report 2011; HelmholtzZentrum Muenchen Deutsches Forschungszentrum fuer Gesundheit und Umwelt. Jahresbericht 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-01

    The contribution under consideration is the annual report 2011 of the German Research Centre for Environmental Health (HelmholtzZentrum Munich, Federal Republic of Germany). The most important component of this annual report are the scientific highlights according to the following topics: (1) Systems researches for the health (M. Hrabe de Angelis); (2) Mechanisms of the interaction between genes and environment (M. Goetz); (3) Research of the metabolism (M. Tschoep); (4) Research of lungs and allergies (O. Eickelberg); (5) Technologies for the bio medicine (V. Ntziachristos); (6) Natural basis of existence (J. Durner).

  3. Joint conference of the International Society of Environmental Medicine and the Gesellschaft fuer Hygiene und Umweltmedizin. Abstracts; Gemeinsame Konferenz der International Society of Environmental Medicine und der Gesellschaft fuer Hygiene und Umweltmedizin. Kurzfassungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2004-07-01

    88 Papers and 48 posters were presented during the meeting. The headings were as follows: Water hygiene and infectiology, water hygiene in hospitals, clinical studies concerning environmental medicine, consumer protection, environmental toxicology, indoor hygiene and toxicology, sources of infections in hospitals, risks and prevention of infections due to minimum invasive surgery, disinfection and sterilization.

  4. Die Macht des Bürgertums im 19. Jahrhundert – Auswirkungen des bürgerlichen Wertesystems auf die Gesellschaft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharina Thielen

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Katharina Thielen highlights the structures of the 19th century societey. While carrying out her research she maintains a socio-historical perspective and furthermore focuses on the so-called social class of the 'Bürgertum' (bourgeoisie. As a new factor of power within the German Empire this diverse social group, consisting of civil servants, scholars, freelancers and merchants, had a decisive influence on the structural developments and social rearrangement of the contemporary time. A basic element in this process is represented through the genuine social norms and values of the bourgeoisie. These values expressed an universal validity. However, in the social realitiy these values could often not be realized. As a consequence, the concrete behaviour of members of the bourgeoisie diverted quite often from those given principles and norms of behaviour. The reasons for this ambivalence as well as the question wether the norms and values were at least in part enforced and live on in society to the present day are reviewed via the theories of Pierre Bourdieu. The habitus-concept of Bourdieu serves as the foundation of analysis of the culture of the bourgeoisie. The culture as such worked in a twofold way; excluding and unifying at the same time and therefore standing in harsh contrast to the actual values and norms. The value of education will serve as an example while showing the ambivalence of this concept. The approach to the new and universal „human education“ was significantly determined by the capital. Nevertheless, exactly this paradoxon was crucial when it came to achieving a position of power, which allowed the burgeoisie, as a social class, to realize its genuine social values and norms in society.

  5. Cost prices and partially fixed factor proportions in energy substitution. Institut fuer Gesellschafts- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften der Universitaet Bonn. Bericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conrad, K.

    1980-06-01

    The objective of this paper is to propose an approach in production economics which incroporates the aspect of substitutability in the neoclassical theory as well as the aspect of partially fixed factor proportions in the Walras-Leontief approach. The crucial idea is to decompose the input quantity in a component bound by the use of other inputs and in a component unbound or free for substitution. From the cost side this partitioning implies that the effective price of a factor consists of the own price as well as of weighted prices of the other inputs with weights indicating which inputs are bound in which order of magnitude to the use of a unit of the corresponding factor of production.

  6. 22. Annual meeting of the German Radiation Oncology Society. Abstracts; 22. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Radioonkologie. Abstractband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2016-06-15

    The volume on the 22th annual meeting of the German Radiation Oncology Society includes abstracts on the following issues: Brain/ central nervous system, biology, oligo-metastases, head and neck tumors, mammary carcinoma, physics, innovations, life quality, high individual doses, lung tumors, colorectal tumors, clinical studies, young DEGRO, translational research, prostate, brachytherapy. The poster abstracts cover the following issues: prostate, mammary glands, lungs, head and neck, colorectum, brain - central nervous system, innovations concerning percutaneous and interventional radiotherapy, radiotherapy with high single doses, radioimmunotherapy, knowledge-based radiotherapy, life quality, demand planning.

  7. Gesellschaft fuer angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik, Scientific Annual Meeting, Krakow Technical University, Poland, Apr. 1-5, 1991, Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Various papers on applied mathematics are presented. The topics addressed include: multidisciplinary modeling and optimization in design processes, controlled enumeration with constraints variation in structural optimization, programming language for scientific/engineering computation, axisymmetric problems of thermoelasticity by the BEM, multibody systems and finite element formulations, finite volume solution of the inviscid compressible fluid flow, optimal axially-symmetric plates subject to brittle creep rupture, nonshape optimal design of trusses subject to a nonlinear buckling constraint, sensitivity and optimal layout of complex shell structures, algorithms of nondifferentiable optimization in discrete optimum structural design, efficiency of different methods in the stochastic structural optimization, approximation and derivatives of probabilities in structural design, inverse problems of the linear nonstationary heat transfer equation.

  8. Teadmistepõhise ühiskonna võimalikkusest = Chancen einer wissensbasierten Gesellschaft / Jüri Engelbrecht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Engelbrecht, Jüri, 1939-

    2005-01-01

    Autori hinnangul haarab teaduse roll arenenud riikides üldist teadmiste kasvu kui alust heale haridusele, konkurentsivõimelisele majandusele, kultuurile selle laiemas tähenduses ning riigi kodanike teadlikkusele

  9. Die Institution der Sonnenjungfrauen bei den Inkas : ihre Rolle in der Religion und der Gesellschaft / Tarmo Kulmar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kulmar, Tarmo, 1950-

    2003-01-01

    Ettekanne sümpoosionilt: Gemeinsames Symposium der Evangelisch-Theologischen Fakultät der Universität Tartu, der Estnischen Studiengesellschaft für Morgenlandkunde und der Deutschen Religionsgeschichtlichen Studiengesellschaft. Tartu, 2001

  10. 4th Meeting of the Austrian Society of Nuclear Medicine. Abstracts; 4. Kongress der Oesterreichischen Gesellschaft fuer Nuklearmedizin. Abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2001-02-01

    This issue of the journal contains the abstracts of all thirty papers and 16 posters presented at the meeting. The headings were as follows: Osteology, thyroid, oncology, positron computed tomography, infectious diseases, radiopharmaceuticals, cardiology, neurology, endocrinology, pediatrics. (MG)

  11. In der Gegenwart der Anderen. Norbert Elias über Leben und Sterben in der modernen Gesellschaft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata BOGACZYK-VORMAYR

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses Norbert Elias’s essay The Loneliness of the Dying (1982. In the first part the author reviews Elias’s ideas on how the contemporary social structure has produced characteristic problems for dying. In our age, the phenomena and the reality of death are pushed behind the scenes of social life. The second part presents one of the most important theses in this paper, i.e. the idea of anamnestic reason. The author gives her reflection on the Eliasian concepts of communication, engagement, and balance of power. This We-I-Balance as a learning process should lead to rebalancing and redefinition of anamnestic reason / collective memory. In the third part the author briefly illustrates some similarities between Elias’ category of death and two other ideas: nihilism by T. Różewicz and biopolitics by G. Agamben.

  12. Swisswoodhouse -a building for the 2000-Watt Society; Swisswoodhouse - ein Gebaeude fuer die 2000-Watt-Gesellschaft - Synthesebericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menz, T.; Wallbaum, H.; Hardziewski, R.; Graf, S.; Trachsel-Gerber, N.; Koschenz, M.; Guentert, P.

    2009-05-15

    This report deals with a building conceived to meet the requirements of the Swiss '2000-Watt Society' concept. The aims of the project are discussed which feature the demonstration of a forward-looking architectural layout, comfortable and healthy living, environmentally compatible and low resource consumption, standardisation and cost reduction. The report contains seven sections: Basics of the '2000-Watt Society' concept, optimisation of the whole building system, investor-orientated rating, use-oriented monitoring system, the development of the building, standardised building technology and, finally, a description of this pilot project.

  13. Wallfahrtsorte als Marken. Place Branding durch Volksfrömmigkeit in einer postsäkularen Gesellschaft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilpert, Markus

    2017-12-01

    Perhaps, pilgrimage sites are one of the oldest examples of controlled place branding, but they are still an interesting teaching tool for this subject because they are characterized by lower complexity and functionality compared to cities and regions. They are also smaller in size and they usually occupy very specific positions of popular piety. This makes the transferability of the branding concept easier than in other urban or rurality areas. Against this background, this essay examines the question how popular piety can still contribute to place branding of pilgrimages sites.

  14. 46. Annual meeting of the German Society for Medical Physics. Abstracts; 46. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Medizinische Physik. Abstractband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fiebich, Martin [Technische Hochschule Mittelhessen, Giessen (Germany). Inst. fuer Medizinische Physik und Strahlenschutz; Zink, Klemens (ed.) [Technische Hochschule Mittelhessen, Giessen (Germany). Inst. fuer Medizinische Physik und Strahlenschutz; Universitaetsklinikum Giessen-Marburg, Marburg (Germany). Klinik fuer Strahlentherapie und Radioonkologie

    2015-07-01

    The abstracts volume of the 46th annual meeting of the German Society for Medical Physics includes abstracts on the following issues: audiology; particle therapy: dosimetric and biological aspects; functional and molecular imaging; computerized tomography; dosimetry: 2D dosimetry and clinical dosimetry; MR imaging: cardio and lungs imaging; quality assurance in radiation therapy; brachytherapy/IORT; irradiation planning; functional and molecular imaging: methodic principles; dosimetry: dosimetric base data and Monte Carlo; adaptive and guided radiation therapy; irradiation planning; laser accelerated protons; brachytherapy/IORT: dosimetry; particle therapy: irradiation planning and imaging; stereotaxis and radiosurgery; radiation protection; dosimetry: detectors and small photon fields; MRT and MRS - neuroimaging; particle therapy: in vivo verification.

  15. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Society; Schlussbericht 'Gesellschaft' - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arend, M.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This paper takes a look at society aspects in the four districts and examines the factors that influence the sustainable development of the districts. Topics discussed include basic residential needs, safety, health, and supply along with culture and education. Also examined are the possible topics equality and fairness and participation along with geographical reference and neighbourhood relations. A project for this area of investigation is suggested.

  16. Caritas in Veritate – die Bedeutung von Liebe und Wahrheit für eine gute Gesellschaft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Józef Młyński

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Love and truth are the two attributes of a well-functioning society. Unfortunately, these two basic values are often being devalued in the modern world. The reason for this is the lack of a sense of justice. Especially because in the social and cultural context the truth is often relativized. In this context it is worth analysing the Pope Benedict XVI’s encyclical Caritas in Veritate , in which one should pay attention to a construction of the society in which today’s human person lives. Love and truth are the two attributes of a good society in with each human is equipped. From the very beginning, the human person is called to be directed by love and truth. He or she is called to this truth by his or her Christian life and ontic dimension of his or her nature. Society without love and truth will be threatened with agony, because it will not only stop developing but also its wrongly understood economical status will become a road to nowhere. That is why we should definitely accept the thesis that homo economicus must convert into homo religiosus in the name of love and truth, so that society will be good. Let love in truth leads to a good society, which the whole world is for us.

  17. 21. Annual meeting of the German radiation Oncology Society. Abstracts; 21. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Radioonkologie. Abstractband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2015-06-15

    The volume includes the abstracts o the 21. annual meeting of the German radiation oncology society covering the following topics: gastrointestinal carcinoma; prostate carcinoma; supportive therapies, quality assurance and benign lesions; innovative therapy concepts; dosimetry, irradiation technology and planning; NSCLC, SCLC; radiation biology; head and neck carcinoma, particle therapy; brain carcinoma and metastases, mamma carcinoma and gynecologic tumors.

  18. Sven Lewandowski: Die Pornographie der Gesellschaft. Beobachtungen eines populärkulturellen Phänomens. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Schumacher

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Sven Lewandowski versucht mittels der ungewöhnlichen Kombination von Psychoanalyse und Systemtheorie der Relevanz pornographischer Inhalte innerhalb der Gegenwartsgesellschaft nachzuspüren. Neben dem Internetphänomen der Amateurpornographie untersucht er dabei aus soziologischer und medienanalytisch informierter Perspektive Geschlechterverhältnisse, ‚Perversionen‘ und andere Erscheinungen des Pornographischen. Lewandowski wagt sich damit unter Zuhilfenahme einer der abstraktesten Theorien der Wissenschaftslandschaft an eines ihrer emotionalisiertesten und randständigsten Themen. Hierdurch gelingt es ihm, einen gehörigen Abstand zwischen das Alltagsphänomen Porno und dessen theoretische Betrachtung zu bringen, er entfernt sich damit aber gleichzeitig in gewisser Weise von seinem Gegenstand.Using the rather extraordinary combination of psychoanalysis and systems theory, Sven Lewandowski tries to trace the relevance of pornographic contents within contemporary society. In addition to the Internet phenomenon of amateur pornography, he also analyzes gender relations, ‘perversions,’ as well as other aspects of pornography from a sociological and media-analytical perspective. In doing so, Lewandowski dares to explore one of the most emotionalized and marginalized topics of science using one of its most abstract theories. He thus manages to bring quite some distance between the everyday phenomenon of pornography and its theoretical consideration. However, at the same time, he also detaches himself from his object of study to a certain degree.

  19. [Therapy of bone metastases with radium-223. German guidelines].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pöppel, Thorsten D; Andreeff, Michael; Becherer, Alexander; Bockisch, Andreas; Fricke, Eva; Geworski, Lilli; Heinzel, Alexander; Krause, Bernd J; Krause, Thomas; Mitterhauser, Markus; Scheidhauer, Klemens; Schenck, Marcus; Sonnenschein, Wilfried; Gabriel, Michael

    2016-09-26

    This document describes the guideline for therapy of bone metastases with radium-223 ((223)Ra) published by the Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften in Germany (AWMF) under the auspices of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nuklearmedizin (DGN), Östereichische Gesellschaft für Nuklearmedizin (OGN), and Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Nuklearmedizin (SGNM). This guidance is based on an interdisciplinary consensus. These recommendations are a prerequisite for the quality management in the treatment of patients with bone metastases from prostate cancer using (223)Ra. They are aimed at guiding nuclear medicine specialists in selecting candidates to receive therapy and to deliver the treatment in a safe and effective manner. The document contains background information and definitions. It covers the rationale, indications and contraindications for therapy with (223)Ra. Essential topics are the requirements for institutions performing the therapy, which patient data have to be available prior to performance of therapy, and how treatment has to be carried out technically and organisationally. Moreover, essential elements of follow-up and aftercare are specified. As a matter of principle, the treatment inclusive aftercare has to be realised in close cooperation with the involved medical disciplines.

  20. Severe accident management guidelines (SAMGs) for German NPPs; Severe Accident Management Guidelines (SAMGS) fuer deutsche KKW

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bauer, Martin; Tietsch, Wolfgang [Westinghouse Electric Germany GmbH, Mannheim (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    The US NRC declared in consequence of the Three Mile Island accident the severe accident management to be an unresolved safety issue. In the following years worldwide the development of generic management guidelines was started aimed to implement preventive measures to prevent core damage and mitigation measures to reduce the accident consequences into the emergency manuals of nuclear power plants. The PWROG (pressurized water reactor owners group) SAMGs were developed by Westinghouse that are meanwhile implemented in US NPPs but also in Europe, incl. reactors with VVER, KWU or Framatome design. The authors describe the concept of the emergency manuals implemented in German NPPs and the differences to the SAMG concept. SAMGs include a complete strategy to minimize the consequences of severe accidents, independent of the plant status, including the risk of component failures. Measures to bring the meltdown to an end have not priority. The implementation of SAMGs into the German emergency manuals needs clear criteria for the transition from preventive measures (aimed to stabilize the reactor) to mitigation measures (minimization of fission product release). Several examples are discussed.

  1. Pop nädal : popsündmus. POPtabel : DAC Deutsche Alternative Charts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    13.-14. juulil toimuvast Baltimaade suurimast tantsumuusika festivalist Sun Dance Music Festivalist. Augustis tuleb müüki George Michaeli uus singel "Shoot the Dog". Ansambli Depeche Mode liige Andrew Fletcher loob oma plaadifirma. Ansambli Duran Duran uuest albumist

  2. ENET News March 2004 - Information on Swiss energy research; ENET News, Maerz 2004, Nr. 57 deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellstein, J.

    2004-07-01

    This edition of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy's (SFOE) magazine with information on Swiss energy research presents a large selection of articles on various energy-relevant topics. These include the Swiss research strategy for the period 2004 to 2007, a discussion on wind energy, saving electricity, stand-by losses of coffee machines and information on hydrogen and fuel-cells. Further articles cover road-traffic topics including zero-emission vehicles and clean engine technology. Also, research on better fuel use in nuclear plant and models for batch-processes in the processing industry are looked at. Further articles cover the use of photovoltaics, wood fuels and biomass. Results of a field-analysis of heat-pump installations and the storage of solar energy using zinc powder as well as building insulation are covered. Finally, the ETDE is honoured as being the largest collection of energy documents.

  3. Kontaktschwelle: Deutsch als Fremdsprache (A Threshold Level: German as a Foreign Language).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldegger, Markus; And Others

    This document is the result of a project commissioned by the Council of Europe to produce a system of units in foreign language instruction for European adults. The threshold level of foreign language ability is conceived not only as communicative competence at the survival level, but as the ability to communicate on an interpersonal level, that…

  4. The Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache (Certificate in German as a Foreign Language): An Alabama Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, Oliver Finley

    1980-01-01

    Describes the benefits derived by the University of Alabama at a time of declining enrollment from offering the Goethe Institute exam for the "Certificate in German as a Foreign Language." Also mentions other innovations introduced by the German department: an intensive first year course and a German House on campus. (MES)

  5. Radioarbeit im Deutsch als Fremdsprache (DaF-Unterricht und internationale Radiopartnerschaften

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Grabner

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Im Auftrag des BMUKK setzt der Verein "Kultur und Sprache" seit einigen Jahren Radio in seinen Fortbildungen für ausländische DaF-LehrerInnen ein. Nun wurde im Rahmen eines EU-Grundtvig-Projekts ein Radiomodul entwickelt, das allen Interessierten das nötige Know-how für den richtigen Gebrauch der Radiotechnik vermittelt und deren Einsatzmöglichkeiten im Bildungsbereich zeigt. Im Zuge dieser Bemühungen veranstaltet "Kultur und Sprache" im Rahmen eines internationalen Fortbildungsangebotes für DaF im November 2010 erstmals ein Seminar, das die Vernetzung von österreichischen RadiomacherInnen mit internationalen PartnerInnen gewährleisten soll.

  6. Another Look at Correlations between the Oral Proficiency Interview and the Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vazulik, Johannes; Brown, Cheri

    A study supplementing earlier research by Lalande and Schweckendiek investigated comparisons and correlations obtained from testing a group of 17 university students of German using both the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI) and the most recent revision of the examination for the…

  7. Dante deutsch: Riflessioni sulle traduzioni tedesche della ‘Divina Commedia’ nel Novecento (George e Borchardt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Klinkert

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Malgrado il pregiudizio secondo il quale la poesia in generale e la Divina Commedia in particolare sarebbero intraducibili, quest'ultima dal Settecento in poi è stata tradotta in tedesco – sia parzialmente che completamente – più di centosettanta volte. Non solo i romantici ma anche i filologi dell'Ottocento hanno contribuito in maniera decisiva a questa intensa ricezione. Nel Novecento la pratica della traduzione è stata portata avanti da due grandi poeti: Stefan George e Rudolf Borchardt. Un'analisi selettiva del primo canto dell’Inferno e delle traduzioni di George e Borchardt mostrerà alcune trasformazioni specifiche del testo dantesco a seconda delle scelte linguistiche dei due poeti.

  8. “Treu Deutsch alle Wege!” – Cultural identity and the “German ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die redes vir hierdie Duitse nasionalistiese identiteit word bespreek. Die artikel toon ook die onvermydelike invloed aan wat die Tweede Wêreldoorlog op die gemeenskap gehad het, en, as 'n gevolg, hoe die “grens”-identiteit van terselfdertyd Duits- en. Suid-Afrikaans-wees, selfs versterk is. Keywords: afstammelinge ...

  9. Handbook on German-Russian energy law; Handbuch zum deutsch-russischen Energierecht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saecker, Franz Juergen (ed.) [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    The handbook under consideration offers a comparative presentation of the energy law in Russia and in the Federal Republic of Germany and would like to promote an approach of the energy legal regulations of the two states and the European Union. The handbook covers the entire legal problems from the exploration over the production and transport from energy resources up to the processing and consumption. The handbook considers not only the energy economy law, the energy antitrust law, the energy contractual law and the energy environment law, but also refers to the atomic law and the mining law in the presentation of the energy right.

  10. Financial assistance for investments in wind power in Germany. Business incentives provided by the Deutsche Ausgleichsbank

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koch, M. [Deutsche Ausgleichsbank, Bonn (Germany)

    1995-12-31

    Within a generous financial framework investments in wind energy power have rapidly increased in Germany since the late 1980`s. In addition to direct subsidies or incentive stipulated by statutory provisions the DtA has encouraged investments in wind energy projects by loans at preferential interest rates with tremendous success and it will continue to do so. At present especially new ways of supporting environmental investments are being seek which have a cross-border environmental impact. The goal is to provide financial assistance both to domestic and foreign companies willing to invest in transboundary projects which may be located in East European Countries

  11. ENET News November 2003 - Information on energy research; ENET News, November 2003, Nr. 56 deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellstein, J.

    2003-07-01

    This edition of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy, SFOE's Magazine with information on Swiss energy research published three times a year, presents a large selection of articles on various energy-relevant topics. These include research strategies, nuclear energy safety, technology transfer and innovation, energy aspects of computer and IT technology and how methane can be won from wet biomass. Further articles cover the topics of energy efficiency in railway systems, the use of biofuels for vehicles and the estimation of wind-power production in mountainous areas. Also, a summer school on solar energy is described. Further articles take a look at an internet-based public data on the energy consumption and production of a modern office and residential building, a novel archemedes' screw to generate hydropower and the use of pulse-width modulation for the control of heat pumps.

  12. Der 'Deutsche Gruß' in Briefen. Zur historischen Soziolinguistik und Pragmatik eines verordneten Sprachgebrauchs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaas - Hinrich Ehlers

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The official decree, in 1933, to use "Heil Hitler" and "Mit deutschem Gruß [With German greetings]" as greetings, constituted a massive intervention in the everyday use of language in the German population. The study examines in what time frame and in what domains of written communication the new forms of greeting were established. Sources include guidelines and sample letters from Nazi era style guides as well as a body of authentic business letters from the 1920s to 1940s. The development described in the study is characterized as a phase of forcibly accelerated modernization in the long-term history of European communication routines. The introduction of the Hitler salute is identified as a premature and passing episode in the multidimensional transition from feudal courtesy of the vertical distance towards a bourgeois/contemporary courtesy of the horizontal distance.

  13. 75 FR 8117 - Prohibited Transaction Exemptions and Grant of Individual Exemptions involving: 2010-01; Deutsche...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ..., and is-- (1) Supervised by the United States or a State; (2) Supervised and examined by the German... German law; or (3) Subject to regulation and oversight by governmental entities that are substantially... language and the Summary of Facts and Representations of the proposed exemption in a number of areas or to...

  14. Tschechisch-deutsche Partnerschaft und ihr Einfluss auf die grenzüberschreitende Zusammenarbeit

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Houžvička, Václav

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 3, č. 1 (2005), s. 1-3 ISSN 1214-7559 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) IBS7028301 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : European Union * local elites * cross/border cooperation Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  15. The future of nuclear energy. 2008 Winter meeting of the Deutsches Atomforum: opening address

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hohlefelder, W.

    2008-01-01

    On the global and European scenes, nuclear power is experiencing an upswing, while it continues to be blocked in Germany. Given the pressing issues of climate protection, continuity of energy supply, and the prices of energy resources, the future of nuclear power can well be seen in an optimistic light. There will be a reassessment of nuclear power also in Germany because of the realities to be faced. If you really want to protect the climate, you cannot exclude the nuclear power option. (orig.)

  16. Zur Erinnerung an deutsche Opfer: Geschichte, Zeugnis und Fiktion in Grass’ Novelle Im Krebsgang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmut Galle

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa, por meio de uma novela de G. Grass, uma tendência atual da literatura alemã sobre a II Guerra. Nesta nova literatura já não é mais a culpa, mas o sofrimento da população que se focaliza. O texto de Grass apresenta um cuidado particular nos fatos históricos, facilitando aos leitores distinguir entre elementos factuais e ficcionais. No âmbito da ação ficcional, o autor imita o gênero do testemunho, fato que contribui para qualificar sua novela como meio da memória colectiva. A ação ficcional desenvolve, além disso, uma argumentação política que explica a necessidade de comemorar também as vítimas alemães: para fazer jus à verdade, ao equilíbrio emocional e para encontrar uma saída do circuito da violência, perpetuada através das gerações. A novela de Grass encontra-se, por conseguinte, na tradição da representação de eventos históricos, a serviço de uma memória colectiva humanista e iluminada que, na Alemanha, remete à obra dramática de Schiller.

  17. Snobismus und neue deutsche Popliteratur am Beispiel von Benjamin von Stuckrad-Barre

    OpenAIRE

    Strasser, Alfred

    2012-01-01

    Soloalbum, roman de Benjamin von Stuckrad-Barre, décrit la façon de vivre des jeunes adultes dans les années quatre-vingt-dix du xxe siècle en Allemagne. Cette génération apolitique vit repliée sur elle-même. Le narrateur est le personnage principal du roman. Il n’a pas de nom. Il décrit dans une langue marquée par une « rhétorique d’exclusion » la vie qu’il mène après avoir été quitté par son amie Katharina. Toutes ses tentatives pour accepter son départ et la remplacer échouent à cause de s...

  18. Maritime environmental penal law. International and German legislation; Maritimes Umweltstrafrecht. Voelkerrechtliche Grundlagen und deutsches Recht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eller, Jan Frederik

    2017-07-01

    The book on maritime environmental penal law discusses the following issues: part I: introduction into the importance of oceanic environment and its thread, requirement of protective measures,; part II: focus of the study and terminology: oceanic pollution, maritime environmental legislation, international legislation; part 3: international legislative regulations concerning the protection of maritime environment: avoidance of environmental pollution, maritime legislative agreements, existing protective institutions; part 4: state penal power concerning maritime environmental protection; part 5: statutory offense according to German legislation; perspectives for regulations concerning criminal acts on sea.

  19. Deutsche Umwelten in der estnischen Geschichte : ein Jahr baltischer Professur / Ulrike Plath

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Plath, Ulrike, 1972-

    2014-01-01

    Saksa ajaloo ja kultuuri professori tagasivaade tööaastale Tallinna Ülikoolis. Osa perioode on eesti ajaloolaste poolt sügavalt uuritud, samas on perioode, mis on vähe käsitletud - autor peab silmas eelkõige uusaja varasemat perioodi

  20. Hinkelbeinchen und "little chicken's leg": deutsche und amerikanische Idiome als kommunikative Textsorten-Problematik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Wierschin

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Als Marin Luther 1522 seine Übersetzung des Neuen Testaments nach der griechischen Edition des Erasmus von Rotterdam abschloß, hatte er dabei zwar mit größtem Sprachgefühl nicht nur dem deutschen, sondem auch dem idiomatischen 'logos' des Griechischen "auf das Maul" gesehen. Aber er mußte in seinem "Sendbrief vom Dolmetschen" 1530 dennoch zugeben, daß selbst er - zusammen mit seinen beiden Assistenten Melanchthon und Aurogallus - sehr oft zwei bis vier Wochen lang nach einem einzigen idiomatisch treffenden Wort zu suchen hatte. Damit wird von einem eminenten Kronzeugen, nämlich vom Schöpfer des protestantischen 'Hausbuches' Lutherbibel und vom eigentlichen Begründer einer einheitlichen deutschen Schrift­ sprache, samt ihrer sprach- und literargeschichtlich wirkungsmächtigen Idiomatik, die Schwierigkeit und Problematik idiomatischer Äquivalenzen und Transferenzen zwischen den Einzelsprachen verbürgt.

  1. ENET News July 2004 - Information on Swiss energy research; ENET News, Juli 2004, Nr. 58 deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellstein, J.

    2004-07-01

    This edition of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy's Magazine (SFOE) with information on Swiss energy research presents a large selection of articles on various energy-relevant topics. These include research strategies, a discussion on oil reserves, technology transfer and innovation, Swiss biomass activities, winning power from the drinking water mains and the use of ambient heat. Further articles cover the topics of energy-efficiency and lighting in buildings, the use of batteries in vehicles, the increasing decentralisation of power generation and the use of supra-conducting current-limiters. Also, research on improved fuel use in nuclear plant and models for batch-processes in the processing industry are looked at. Further articles cover the wood fuels, photovoltaics and wind-energy areas as well as heat storage using geothermal techniques.

  2. Der russische Partikel-Konjunktiv und der deutsche würde-Konjunktiv im Vergleich

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schümann, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The Russian subjunctive mood (soslagatel’noe naklonenie is formed by the l-form of the verb and the particle by. From a morphological perspective, this is an isolating process, and the particle by has indeed been called an "ideal isolating form". In German on the other hand, besides the synthetic subjunctive (Konjunktiv I/II an analytic subjunctive construction with the auxiliary würde is gaining ground. This process, too, is seen as a tendency towards an isolating language structure. Against this background the article compares the analytic subjunctives in Russian and German. In particular, analyses are referred to that have tried to work out the semantic compositionality of the subjunctive constructions (Sørensen 1975, Fabricius-Hansen 2000. After a critical discussion of the literature it is argued that in certain respects the German würde-construction is even more isolating than the Russian by-subjunctive.

  3. Zehn Oden = Kümme oodi / Kristjan Jaak Peterson ; Deutsch von Gisbert Jänicke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peterson, Kristjan Jaak, 1801-1822

    2001-01-01

    Sisu: An Gott ; Sonnenuntergang ; Herbst ; Der Mensch ; Der Mond ; Freundschaft ; Ich muss trinken. Liedchen ; Hoffnung ; Ich bin wieder glücklich ; Der Sänger. Orig.: Jummalale ; Päva loja-minneminne ; Süggise ; Innimenne ; Kuu ; Söbradus ; Ma pean joma. Lauloke ; Lotus ; Ollen jälle önnis ; Laulja

  4. Sweden, Finland and the German energy policy turnaround; Schweden, Finnland und die deutsche Energiewende

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fjaestad, Maja [Royal Institute for Technology (KTH), Stockholm (Sweden); Hakkarainen, Petri [Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS), Potsdam (Germany)

    2013-03-15

    After the nuclear catastrophe in Fukushima Finland and Sweden have chosen completely different paths compared to Germany: both countries plan to build new nuclear power plants. The contribution discusses the historical development of nuclear power in these countries. In Sweden a political polarization exists between those who want to use renewable energies and those who expect increasing greenhouse gas emissions in case of nuclear power phaseout. In Finland no important anti-nuclear movement has been formed. The authors do not expect a change of policy in Sweden and Finland.

  5. ENET News November 2004 - Information on Swiss energy research; ENET News, November 2004, Nr. 59 deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellstein, J.

    2004-07-01

    This last edition of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE)'s magazine with information on Swiss energy research presents a large selection of articles on various energy-relevant topics. These include a review of energy research in Switzerland in general and the work of the Swiss Federal Energy Research Commission CORE in particular and a look at the basis for energy-economical perspectives in Switzerland. Further articles take a look at activities in the solar-chemical area, biomass and small-hydro projects, wind and geothermal energy as well as solar heating, photovoltaics and the use of ambient heat. Energy-efficiency in the buildings and traffic areas and combustion and combined heat and power are further topics covered. Nuclear energy and process engineering, fuel cells and activities in the international sector are examined. The publication is completed with a list of recent publications in the energy area.

  6. German money for Brazilian football stadiums; Deutsche Foerderung fuer brasilianische Stadien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, Cristina

    2011-07-01

    Solar energy is still a niche market in the world's fifth biggest state. According to present plants, the country intends rather to rely on hydroelectric power, bioenergy and wind power. Now, solar football stadiums for the 2014 World Cup are to get politicians and investors interested in photovoltaic conversion. They are sponsored by the KfW Entwicklungsbank and GIZ.

  7. Financial assistance for investments in wind power in Germany. Business incentives provided by the Deutsche Ausgleichsbank

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koch, M.

    1995-01-01

    Within a generous financial framework investments in wind energy power have rapidly increased in Germany since the late 1980's. In addition to direct subsidies or incentive stipulated by statutory provisions the DtA has encouraged investments in wind energy projects by loans at preferential interest rates with tremendous success and it will continue to do so. At present especially new ways of supporting environmental investments are being seek which have a cross-border environmental impact. The goal is to provide financial assistance both to domestic and foreign companies willing to invest in transboundary projects which may be located in East European Countries

  8. Automation of mining machinery at RAG; Automation von Bergbaumaschinen bei der RAG Deutsche Steinkohle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barabasch, Uwe [Zentralstab Kernbereich, RAG Deutsche Steinkohle AG, Herne (Germany); Weiss, Hans-Juergen [Bergwerk Prosper-Haniel, RAG Deutsche Steinkohle AG, Bottrop (Germany); Kotke, Frank [Elektrotechnik unter Tage, Zentralstab Kernbereich der RAG Deutsche Steinkohle AG, Herne (Germany)

    2009-11-05

    The improvement of processes specific to mining in the collieries of RAG and the improvement of the ergonomic conditions in the deep coal mining deposits of Germany require a higher degree of automation and control of the processes in progress. A higher degree of automation is also re-quired here for the machinery and systems used. RAG will be consolidating its engineering and research activities in these areas over the coming years. (orig.)

  9. Niederländisch 'toch' und Deutsch 'doch': Gleich oder doch nicht ganz?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foolen, Ad

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a semantic analysis is presented of the Dutch particle 'toch' and its German cognate 'doch'. On the formal level they may appear as either adverb, conjunction or interjection, and they also occur in different sentence types. It is argued that the core meaning of both particles is the same. The range of uses differs, however, between the two languages. For example, German 'doch' can be used as an 'answering particle’ in reaction to a negative statement or question. This is not possible in Dutch. The core meaning of the particles can be explicated in terms of three steps: the utterance with 'toch'/'doch' represents a positive step. This step is preceded (implicitly or explicitly by a negative step, which is in turn preceded by a positive step wich is identical to the actual positive step. For certain uses of 'toch' and 'doch', however, we have to assume a modification of this general schema. A Dutch novel (by Maarten 't Hart, 1983 and its German translation was used as a corpus. The original text contained 270 occurrences of 'toch', and the translation 230 'doch'’s.

  10. Unsere Deutschen? Einstellungen in den tschechischen Grenzgebieten zur deutsch-tschechischen Vergangenheit

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Novotný, Lukáš

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 14, č. 1 (2005), s. 161-180. ISBN 80-7106-731-8 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IBS7028301 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : collective memory * cultural memory * communicative memory Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  11. "Was deutsch und echt…": Articulating a German operatic identity, 1798-1876

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Kooten, K.B.

    2016-01-01

    In nineteenth-century Europe, music was an important tool to cultivate a national culture. Particularly opera became a widespread emblem of national identity. In the German-speaking world, however, a national musical culture was often formulated as opposing the operatic cultures of Italy and France,

  12. Deutsche Biotech-Unternehmen und ihre Innovationsfähigkeit im internationalen Vergleich : eine institutionentheoretische Analyse

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lange, K.S.G.

    2006-01-01

    German Biotech-Companies and their Innovativeness in International Comparison – an Institutionalist Analysis 1 Introduction In the mid-1990s, legal changes and policy initiatives in Germany led to the rapid emergence of a biotechnology industry. Initially, German biotech companies focused on the

  13. The future of heart valve banking and of homografts: perspective from the Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delmo Walter, E M; de By, T M M H; Meyer, R; Hetzer, R

    2012-01-01

    Ever since the early days of homograft implantation in 1956, and the introduction into clinical practice by Ross and Barrat Boyes, homograft heart valves have proven to have many advantages. Its disadvantages became evident during long-term follow up. Factors, such as donor and recipient morbidity, tissue banking techniques, and the often complex surgical technique required to implant, are of great influence on the long term results. Because of European Directives, legally binding quality assurance regulations have been introduced in homograft banks. However, still not all processing methods have been scientifically sub-structured on their effects on the final product and its durability. The donor shortage has stimulated researchers and industries to develop and improve mechanical and biological valve substitutes such as the stentless bioprostheses. In general, candidates for homograft valve implantation include patients with: endocarditis, congenital defects and women who wish to become pregnant. For each category of patients different implantation techniques are required. The results of homograft banking and homograft transplantation in the German Heart Institute Berlin are satisfactory. Freedom of re-infection rate after homograft implantation is 91.9% +/- 3.6% after 15 years. Current developments show an increased interest in tissue engineered as well as in de- and re-cellularization of heart valve homografts. The advantages and disadvantages of the several processing techniques have not yet been proven in long term clinical results. For homograft bankers these developments pose as a challenge to join forces and to initiate cooperate projects aimed at scientific and organizational development.

  14. Pop nädal : popuudised. Plaadid. Top 20 DAC Deutsche Alternative Charts singlid / Aivar Meos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meos, Aivar

    2002-01-01

    Jean Michel Jarre uuest kontsertprojektist "Aero" ja samanimelisest albumist. Inglise kitarripopparite Jesus Jones'i uuest singlist "Come On Home", hitikogumikust "Never Enough" ja kontserttuurist koos DVDga. Suri 34-aastane bändi Alice in Chains juhtfiguur, laulja ja kitarrist Layne Staley. Filmimuusika heliplaadist "The Royal Tenenbaums"

  15. Behandlung der Wortbildungselemente in deutsch-tschechischen Übersetzungswörterbüchern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šemelík, Martin

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is threefold. First, it aspires to discuss some general considerations regarding the treatment of word-forming elements in a bilingual dictionary. It is argued that not few lexicographic decisions are to be made rather independently of fluctuating linguistic postulates and that the user aspect and the function of the respective dictionary should be paid special attention to. Second, the paper examines the quantity and quality of the information provided on affixes in two German-Czech dictionaries. The analysis focuses on the entry components terminology, spelling, pronunciation, input and output units, sense distinction, translation equivalents, examples, cross-references, usage labels and productivity as well as on selectional criteria and information on affixes in the outside matter. The analysis reveals that the dictionaries under scrutiny show considerable weaknesses with respect to the information provided. Third, the paper briefly describes the treatment of the German prefix/circumfix Ge-...(-e in the emerging Large German-Czech Academic Dictionary, an output of a project pursued at the Institute of Germanic Studies, Faculty of Philosophy & Arts, Charles University in Prague. It is shown how contrastive analysis can be supplemented by a corpus-based view using new corpus-linguistic tools.

  16. Von den Flitterwochen zur distanzierten Partnerschaft. Deutsche Manager in internationalen M&A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuchs, Martina; Schalljo, Martin

    2017-04-01

    Cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) require considerable intercultural openness on the part of the managers involved. A recent wave of takeovers by private equity investors and foreign investors from emerging economies has challenged German executives. In cases of friendly takeovers, as described in this study, managers at first appear to extend a cosmopolitan welcome to the new owners. However, further analysis of structural hermeneutics reveals latent normative professional ethics of managers which lead to practices of distancing, in particular from young investors from China, India, and Russia.

  17. Zehn Oden / Kristjan Jaak Peterson ; [Deutsch von Gisbert Jänicke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peterson, Kristian Jaak, 1801-1822

    2001-01-01

    On ilmunud ka kogumikus "Iaak. Kristian Jaak Peterson 200" (Tln. : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2001, lk. 105-122). Sisu: Der Mond = Kuu ; Freundschaft = Sõprus ; Der Sänger = Laulja ; An Gott = Jumalale ; Hoffnung = Lootus ; Ich muss Trinken. Liedchen = Ma pean jooma. Lauluke ; Ich bin wieder glücklich = Olen jälle õnnis ; Der Mensch = Inimene ; Sonnenuntergang = Päeva loojaminemine ; Herbst = Sügise.

  18. Der 'Deutsche Gruß' in Briefen. Zur historischen Soziolinguistik und Pragmatik eines verordneten Sprachgebrauchs

    OpenAIRE

    Klaas - Hinrich Ehlers

    2012-01-01

    The official decree, in 1933, to use "Heil Hitler" and "Mit deutschem Gruß [With German greetings]" as greetings, constituted a massive intervention in the everyday use of language in the German population. The study examines in what time frame and in what domains of written communication the new forms of greeting were established. Sources include guidelines and sample letters from Nazi era style guides as well as a body of authentic business letters from the 1920s to 1940s. The development d...

  19. "Was deutsch und echt…": Articulating a German operatic identity, 1798-1876

    OpenAIRE

    van Kooten, K.B.

    2016-01-01

    In nineteenth-century Europe, music was an important tool to cultivate a national culture. Particularly opera became a widespread emblem of national identity. In the German-speaking world, however, a national musical culture was often formulated as opposing the operatic cultures of Italy and France, associated with Roman culture, entertainment, and frivolity. On the contrary, instrumental and church music genres were deemed to exhibit elements of a German national identity such as seriousness...

  20. German S3-Guideline: Rectovaginal fistula [Deutsche S3-Leitlinie: Rektovaginale Fistel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ommer, Andreas

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available [english] Background: Rectovaginal fistulas are rare, and the majority is of traumatic origin. The most common causes are obstetric trauma, local infection, and rectal surgery. This guideline does not cover rectovaginal fistulas that are caused by chronic inflammatory bowel disease.Methods: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken. Results: Rectovaginal fistula is diagnosed on the basis of the patient history and the clinical examination. Other pathologies should be ruled out by endoscopy, endosonography or tomography. The assessment of sphincter function is valuable for surgical planning (potential simultaneous sphincter reconstruction.Persistent rectovaginal fistulas generally require surgical treatment. Various surgical procedures have been described. The most common procedure involves a transrectal approach with endorectal suture. The transperineal approach is primarily used in case of simultaneous sphincter reconstruction. In recurrent fistulas. Closure can be achieved by the interposition of autologous tissue (Martius flap, gracilis muscle or biologically degradable materials. In higher fistulas, abdominal approaches are used as well. Stoma creation is more frequently required in rectovaginal fistulas than in anal fistulas. The decision regarding stoma creation should be primarily based on the extent of the local defect and the resulting burden on the patient.Conclusion: In this clinical S3-Guideline, instructions for diagnosis and treatment of rectovaginal fistulas are described for the first time in Germany. Given the low evidence level, this guideline is to be considered of descriptive character only. Recommendations for diagnostics and treatment are primarily based the clinical experience of the guideline group and cannot be fully supported by the literature.[german] Hintergrund: Rektovaginale Fisteln stellen eine seltene Erkrankung dar. Die Mehrzahl der rektovaginalen Fisteln ist traumatischer Genese. Die wichtigsten Ursachen stellen Entbindungstraumata, lokale Infektionen und Eingriffe am Rektum dar. Rektovaginale Fisteln bei chronisch-entzündlichen Darmerkrankungen werden in dieser Leitlinie nicht behandelt.Methode: Es wurde ein systematisches Review der Literatur durchgeführt. Ergebnisse: Die Diagnose einer rektovaginalen Fistel ergibt sich aus Anamnese und klinischer Untersuchung. Andere pathologische Veränderungen sollten durch Zusatzuntersuchungen (Endoskopie, Endosonographie, Schichtuntersuchung ausgeschlossen werden. Eine Beurteilung der Sphinkterfunktion ist für die Planung des operativen Vorgehens (Frage der simultanen Sphinkterrekonstruktion sinnvoll.Eine persistierende rektovaginale Fistel kann in der Regel nur durch eine Operation zur Ausheilung gebracht werden. Es wurden verschiedene Operationsverfahren mit niedrigem Evidenzniveau beschrieben. Am häufigsten ist das transrektale Vorgehen mit endorektaler Naht. Der transperineale Zugang kommt in erster Linie bei simultaner Schließmuskelrekonstruktion zur Anwendung. Bei rezidivierenden Fisteln kann durch die Interposition von körpereigenem Gewebe (Martius-Lappen, M.gracilis ein Verschluss erzielt werden. In neuen Studien wurde auch ein Verschluss durch Einbringen von Biomaterialien vorgestellt. Bei höher gelegenen Fisteln kommen auch abdominelle Verfahren zur Anwendung. Häufiger als bei der Behandlung von Analfisteln ist bei der rektovaginalen Fistel eine Stomaanlage erforderlich. Je nach Ätiologie (v.a. Rektumresektion wurde bei einem Teil der Patientinnen bereits ein Stoma im Rahmen der Primäroperation angelegt. Die Indikation zur Stomaanlage sollte sich in erster Linie nach dem Ausmaß des lokalen Defektes und der daraus resultierenden Belastung der betroffenen Frau richten.Schlussfolgerung: In dieser klinischen Leitlinie werden zum ersten Mal in Deutschland Richtlinien für die Behandlung der rektovaginalen Fisteln basierend auf einer systematischen Literaturanalyse vorgestellt. Aufgrund des niedrigen Evidenzniveaus kann die vorliegende Leitlinie nur einen deskriptiven Charakter haben. Empfehlung für Diagnostik und Therapie beruhen überwiegend auf den klinischen Erfahrungen der Leitliniengruppe und können nicht durch die vorhandene Literatur komplett abgedeckt werden.

  1. Mitmachen oder wegschauen – Der Holocaust und die deutsche Bevölkerung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albrecht Wiesener

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Victoria J. Barnett befasst sich mit der zentralen Frage jeder historischen Diskussion des Holocaust: Warum blieben die meisten Deutschen angesichts der brutalen und rassistischen Politik gegen die Juden passiv? Ihre Studie konzentriert sich auf das Phänomen der „Bystander“ – Zuschauer, Beobachter, Mitwisser – , das ethische und moralische Fragen zum Verhalten der Mehrzahl der Deutschen während des Holocaust aufwirft. Ausgehend von vielfältigem Quellenmaterial untersucht Barnett das Phänomen auf drei Ebenen: der individuellen, der institutionellen und der internationalen. Ziel des Buches ist es, den Leser/-innen eine komplexere Sicht auf das Verhalten von „Bystandern“ zu bieten, welche auch auf aktuelle Erscheinungsformen von Genozid und Terror angewendet werden kann.

  2. Die Energiewerke Nord GmbH. From operator of a decommissioned Russian nuclear power plant to one of Europe's leading decommissioning companies; Die Energiewerke Nord GmbH. Der Weg vom Betreiber eines stillgelegten russischen Kernkraftwerkes zu einem fuehrenden Stilllegungsunternehmen in Europa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Philipp, Marlies [Energiewerke Nord GmbH, Rubenow (Germany)

    2011-03-15

    EWN GmbH is a state-owned company with these duties: - decommissioning and demolition of the Greifswald and Rheinsberg nuclear power stations; - safe operation of the Zwischenlager Nord interim store; - development of the 'Lubminer Heide' industrial and commercial estate. Other projects for which EWN GmbH uses its know-how: - disposal of 120 decommissioned Russian nuclear submarines in Murmansk; - decommissioning and dismantling of the Juelich, NRW, AVR experimental reactor; - demolition of nuclear plants; running the Central Decontamination Operations Department at Karlsruhe, BW. Since 2008, EWN GmbH has held 25% of the shares of Deutsche Gesellschaft zum Bau- und Betrieb von Endlagern fuer Abfallstoffe mbH (DBE), a firm building and operating nuclear repositories. (orig.)

  3. Price versus Non-price Incentives for Participation in Quality Labeling: The Case of the German Fruit Juice Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Bleich

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Quality assurance and labeling play an important and increasing role in firms’ marketing strategies. In almost all cases, a price incentive has been stressed as the major incentive for firms to participate in such schemes. We argue here that important non-price incentives for participation in quality labeling may exist, too. In German retailing, it can be observed that discount retailers are listing more and more foods with quality labels. Processors may then participate in voluntary quality labeling in order to enter the large and growing market of discount retailers. The price-premium versus the market-entry hypothesis are analyzed theo-retically. We investigate then in an empirical hedonic pricing model for the German fruit juice market and for participation in the quality label of the Deutsche Landwirtschafts-Gesellschaft (DLG which of the two hypotheses is consistent with the data. There is strong support for the market-entry hypothesis

  4. Nuclear power 1996: potential for further development. Session reports of the annual meeting on nuclear technology, May 21-23, 1996 in Mannheim

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1996-01-01

    For the third time, the 'Rosengarten', the congress center of the city of Mannheim, was the venue of the Annual Nuclear Conference, this year on May 21-23, 1996. Attendance showed a slight increase, and the organizers, Deutsches Atomforum (DAtF) and the Kerntechnische Gesellschaft (KTG), welcomed more than 1000 participants at the world's biggest event of this kind. The program was arranged in the traditional, proven format, with plenary sessions on the first day, and technical sessions, poster sessions, special events, and technical excursions on the other two days. These proceedings were accompanied by an exhibition arranged by vendors, suppliers, and service companies. Following the summary of the plenary day published on pp. 385-95 in atw 6/96, the survey in this issue covers the technical sessions as seen by the rapporteurs. (orig.) [de

  5. Nuclear power 1997: Assured know-how. Session reports of the annual meeting on nuclear technology, May 13-15, 1997, in Aachen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bernnat, W.; Vayssier, G.; Unger, H.; Huettmann, A.; Sassenhagen, U.; Eickelpasch, N.; Eidens, J.

    1997-01-01

    After 1986 the 'Eurogress' of Aachen, was the venue of the Annual Nuclear Conference, this year on May 15, 1997. Attendance showed a slight increase, and the organizers. Deutsches Atomforum (DAtF) and the Kerntechnische Gesellschaft (KTG), welcomed more than 1000 participants at the world's biggest event of this kind. The program was arranged in the traditional proven format, with plenary sessions on the first day, and technical sessions, poster sessions, special events, and technical excursions on the other two days. These proceedings were accompanied by an exhibition arranged by vendors, suppliers, and service companies. Following the summary of the plenary day published on pp. 375 to 386 in atw 7/97, the survey in this issue covers the technical sessions as seen by the rapporteurs. (orig.) [de

  6. The light goes on in the bush. Solar energy for Senegal. Im Busch geht das Licht an. Solarenergie fuer den Senegal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eckert, H.

    1990-08-01

    The article is about a joint project between Germany and Senegal for the 'testing and propagation of photovoltaic solar power systems', sponsored by Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ). The project, scheduled at present for a duration of five years (1987-1991), receives grants of just under DM 21 million and is to demonstrate to the rural population of the Western African state of Senegal how to meet their basic electric power demand for lighting, radio and television, because only a fraction of the more than 13 000 Senegalese villages may expect to be connected to the national power grid during the decades to come. Distances are too long and consumption rates too small to erect a conventional power grid at reasonable cost in this large country covering 200 000 km{sup 2} and populated by just under 10 million inhabitants only. (orig./ORU).

  7. Complications associated with cutaneous aesthetic procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, Daniela; Ruzicka, Thomas; Gauglitz, Gerd G

    2015-08-01

    In recent years, a plethora of novel therapeutic approaches to fight signs of aging and to influence external body appearance have become available in aesthetic dermatology. Extensive research in this field has led to advanced understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the aging face. To successfully address the complex age-related alterations anti-aging treatment nowadays calls for a multi-faceted approach. Most frequently utilized aesthetic procedures include the use of botulinum toxin, a variety of filling substances, microneedling (collagen induction therapy), chemical peeling, lasers, radiofrequency, thread facelift and injectional lipolysis with phosphatidylcholine/deoxycholate among others. Unfortunately, many clinicians still lack in-depth understanding of potential complications, risk factors and side effects associated with minimal-invasive procedures. The following review aims to give a broad overview of nowadays most frequently used approaches in the dermato-aesthetic field and their related complications. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. Joint US/German Conference

    CERN Document Server

    Gulledge, Thomas; Jones, Albert

    1993-01-01

    This proceedings volume contains selected and refereed contributions that were presented at the conference on "Recent Developments and New Perspectives of Operations Research in the Area of Production Planning and Control" in Hagen/Germany, 25. - 26. June 1992. This conference was organized with the cooperation of the FernuniversiHit Hagen and was jointly hosted by the "Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Operations Research (DGOR)" and the "Manufacturing Special Interest Group of the Operations Research Society of America (ORSA-SIGMA)". For the organization of the conference we received generous financial support from the sponsors listed at the end of this volume. We wish to express our appreciation to all supporters for their contributions. This conference was the successor of the JOInt ORSA/DGOR-conference in Gaithersburg/Maryland, USA, on the 30. and 31. July 1991. Both OR-societies committed themselves in 1989 to host joint conferences on special topics of interest from the field of operations research. This goal ...

  9. Are the classic diagnostic methods in mycology still state of the art?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiegand, Cornelia; Bauer, Andrea; Brasch, Jochen; Nenoff, Pietro; Schaller, Martin; Mayser, Peter; Hipler, Uta-Christina; Elsner, Peter

    2016-05-01

    The diagnostic workup of cutaneous fungal infections is traditionally based on microscopic KOH preparations as well as culturing of the causative organism from sample material. Another possible option is the detection of fungal elements by dermatohistology. If performed correctly, these methods are generally suitable for the diagnosis of mycoses. However, the advent of personalized medicine and the tasks arising therefrom require new procedures marked by simplicity, specificity, and swiftness. The additional use of DNA-based molecular techniques further enhances sensitivity and diagnostic specificity, and reduces the diagnostic interval to 24-48 hours, compared to weeks required for conventional mycological methods. Given the steady evolution in the field of personalized medicine, simple analytical PCR-based systems are conceivable, which allow for instant diagnosis of dermatophytes in the dermatology office (point-of-care tests). © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. [Personnel requirements of medical radiation physics in radiotherapy in comparison to the current guidelines "radiation protection in medicine" : Special consideration of intensity-modulated radiation therapy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leetz, H-K; Eipper, H H; Gfirtner, H; Schneider, P; Welker, K

    2014-08-01

    In 1994 and 1998 reports on staffing levels in medical radiation physics for radiation therapy were published by the "Deutsche Gesellschaft für Medizinische Physik" (DGMP, German Society for Medical Physics). Because of the technical and methodological progress, changes in recommended qualifications of staff and new governmental regulations, it was necessary to establish new staffing levels. The data were derived from a new survey in clinics. Some of the previously established results from the old reports were adapted to the new conditions by conversion.The staffing requirements were normalized to main components as in the earlier reports resulting in a simple method for calculation of staffing levels. The results were compared with the requirements in the "Richtlinie Strahlenschutz in der Medizin" (guidelines on radiation protection in medicine) and showed satisfactory agreement.

  11. A simple model for skewed species-lifetime distributions

    KAUST Repository

    Murase, Yohsuke

    2010-06-11

    A simple model of a biological community assembly is studied. Communities are assembled by successive migrations and extinctions of species. In the model, species are interacting with each other. The intensity of the interaction between each pair of species is denoted by an interaction coefficient. At each time step, a new species is introduced to the system with randomly assigned interaction coefficients. If the sum of the coefficients, which we call the fitness of a species, is negative, the species goes extinct. The species-lifetime distribution is found to be well characterized by a stretched exponential function with an exponent close to 1/2. This profile agrees not only with more realistic population dynamics models but also with fossil records. We also find that an age-independent and inversely diversity-dependent mortality, which is confirmed in the simulation, is a key mechanism accounting for the distribution. © IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.

  12. Die chronische venöse Insuffizienz - Eine Zusammenfassung der Pathophysiologie, Diagnostik und Therapie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santler, Bettina; Goerge, Tobias

    2017-05-01

    Die chronische Venenerkrankung ist eine weit verbreitete Krankheit, die in späteren Stadien mit einer Vielzahl an Symptomen, aber auch Komplikationen wie dem Ulcus cruris, einhergeht. Dies wiederum hat weitreichende Auswirkungen auf die Lebensqualität der Patienten wie auch auf das Gesundheitssystem. Für die Diagnostik der chronischen Venenerkrankungen steht eine Auswahl an Verfahren zur Verfügung, wobei sich die farbkodierte Duplexsonographie als Goldstandard etabliert hat. Im Bereich der Therapie kam es in den letzten Jahrzehnten zu großen Fortschritten, sodass heute auch Alternativen zum klassischen Stripping durch die endoluminalen Verfahren zur Verfügung stehen. Die Wahl der Therapieoption ist jedoch weiterhin stark abhängig von mehreren Faktoren, unter anderem von den anatomischen Gegebenheiten und dem Krankheitsstadium. Im folgenden Artikel werden die Anatomie und Pathophysiologie, sowie die aktuellen Standards der Diagnostik und Therapie zusammengefasst. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Die Energiewerke Nord GmbH. From operator of a decommissioned Russian nuclear power plant to one of Europe's leading decommissioning companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Philipp, Marlies

    2011-01-01

    EWN GmbH is a state-owned company with these duties: - decommissioning and demolition of the Greifswald and Rheinsberg nuclear power stations; - safe operation of the Zwischenlager Nord interim store; - development of the 'Lubminer Heide' industrial and commercial estate. Other projects for which EWN GmbH uses its know-how: - disposal of 120 decommissioned Russian nuclear submarines in Murmansk; - decommissioning and dismantling of the Juelich, NRW, AVR experimental reactor; - demolition of nuclear plants; running the Central Decontamination Operations Department at Karlsruhe, BW. Since 2008, EWN GmbH has held 25% of the shares of Deutsche Gesellschaft zum Bau- und Betrieb von Endlagern fuer Abfallstoffe mbH (DBE), a firm building and operating nuclear repositories. (orig.)

  14. Report on the FR Germany: US technical workshop on near-real-time material accounting for reprocessing plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weh, R.; Hakkila, E.A.; Canty, M.J.

    1986-01-01

    A technical workshop on the subject of near-real-time material accounting in an industrial scale reprocessing plant was held. Organized within the context of the US DOE - FR German Ministry of Research and Technology (BMFT) agreement in the field of international safeguards, the workshop was initiated by the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Wiederaufarbeitung von Kernbrennstoffen, responsible for the construction and operation of a planned industrial scale reprocessing plant in the FR Germany. The workshop's objective was to establish the current state of the art for near-real-time accounting and to bring out a common understanding and consensus among experts from both countries which seve as a basis for the definition of problems still to be solved. A summary of the workshop presentations, preliminary conclusions drawn by the experts attending as well as some implications for the application of dynamic balancing are given

  15. Consequences of the Chernobyl reactor accident with respect to the feeding of infants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schmidt, E.

    1987-01-01

    In view of the persisting and understandable fear of parents with regard to radioactivity in the food of their babies as a consequence of the Chernobyl reactor accident, the Commission on Nutrition of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Kinderheilkunde (German Society of Pediatrics) and the Strahlenschutzkommission have published a statement. According to this statement, the maximum permissible level of radioactivity in commercial baby food has been fixed by the EC to be 370 Bq/kg. The dietetic food industry itself has fixed a maximum for its products which is only a tenth of the radioactivity level permitted by the EC directive. The milk powders for infants tested since the reactor accident contained no measurable radioactivity or only very low amounts of Cs 134 or Cs 137, correspondung to a maximum of 25 Bq/kg in the product. Late damage to health is not to be expected. (orig./ECB) [de

  16. Advances in Solid State Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Haug, Rolf

    2007-01-01

    The present volume 46 of Advances in Solid State Physics contains the written versions of selected invited lectures from the spring meeting of the Arbeitskreis Festkörperphysik of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft which was held from 27 to 31 March 2006 in Dresden, Germany. Many topical talks given at the numerous symposia are included. Most of these were organized collaboratively by several of the divisions of the Arbeitskreis. The topis range from zero-dimensional physics in quantum dots, molecules and nanoparticles over one-dimensional physics in nanowires and 1d systems to more applied subjects like optoelectronics and materials science in thin films. The contributions span the whole width of solid-state physics from truly basic science to applications.

  17. Mobility at any cost? Necessity and limits. Part 2; Mobilitaet um jeden Preis? Notwendigkeit und Grenzen. T. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haury, H.J.; Assmann, G.; Froese, B.; Jahn, T. [comps.

    1996-08-01

    Mobility and progress have caused depletion of resources, air pollution, noise and stress resulting from increasing traffic. Ecological and health effects impose limits on mobility. Solutions are offered by intelligent traffic concepts (task sharing between transportation systems, logistics and telecommunication, sustainable mobility, environment-friendly transportation systems and measures for traffic reduction) and, best of all, by preventing traffic. This, however, necessitates a new concept of mobility. (GL) [Deutsch] Mobilitaet und Fortschritt fuehren in die Sackgasse: Resourcenverbrauch, Luftverschmutzung, Laerm und Stress erfolgen durch wachsendes Verkehrsaufkommen. Oekologische Folgen und gesundheitliche Auswirkungen setzen dem Mobilitaetsbeduerfnis deutliche Grenzen. Loesungsansaetze fuer umwelt- und gesundheitsvertraegliche Verkehrsentwicklung sind intelligente Verkehrskonzepte (Aufgabenverteilung zwischen den Verkehrsmitteln, Logistik und Telekommunikation, sustainable Mobility, Einsatz umweltfreundlicher Verkehrsmittel und umweltbezogene Massnahmen zur Verkehrsreduktion) und als wichtigste Groesse die Verkehrsvermeidung. Dafuer bedarf es in unserer Gesellschaft ein neues Verstaendnis von Mobilitaet.(GL)

  18. Sustainability certification systems as guidelines for early-phase urban design processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lotte Bjerregaard; Bjerre, Lærke; Mansfelt, Lise

    2016-01-01

    -UD addresses a broad sustainable focus and can be used as a tool for setting sustainability goals from the very first design steps. The system tends to promote multifunctional compromise solutions that meet several criteria at the same time. Using the DGNB-UD certification system in the early design phases......The German Sustainable Building Council (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nachhaltiges Bauen or DGNB) has one of the most comprehensive sustainability certification systems for urban districts (UD). Their explicit aim is that the system should impact the very earliest design decisions. The Technical...... University of Denmark has tested the DGNB-UD system in two experimental design projects for similar locations to find out how it can be used in the early-phase design process. This paper describes these two independent design processes, compares them and discusses their general features. We found that DGNB...

  19. Single atom anisotropic magnetoresistance on a topological insulator surface

    KAUST Repository

    Narayan, Awadhesh

    2015-03-12

    © 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. We demonstrate single atom anisotropic magnetoresistance on the surface of a topological insulator, arising from the interplay between the helical spin-momentum-locked surface electronic structure and the hybridization of the magnetic adatom states. Our first-principles quantum transport calculations based on density functional theory for Mn on Bi2Se3 elucidate the underlying mechanism. We complement our findings with a two dimensional model valid for both single adatoms and magnetic clusters, which leads to a proposed device setup for experimental realization. Our results provide an explanation for the conflicting scattering experiments on magnetic adatoms on topological insulator surfaces, and reveal the real space spin texture around the magnetic impurity.

  20. Molekulare Diagnostik von Hautinfektionen am Paraffinmaterial - Übersicht und interdisziplinärer Konsensus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunderkötter, Cord; Becker, Karsten; Kutzner, Heinz; Meyer, Thomas; Blödorn-Schlicht, Norbert; Reischl, Udo; Nenoff, Pietro; Geißdörfer, Walter; Gräser, Yvonne; Herrmann, Mathias; Kühn, Joachim; Bogdan, Christian

    2018-02-01

    Nukleinsäure-Amplifikations-Techniken (NAT), wie die PCR, sind hochsensitiv sowie selektiv und stellen in der mikrobiologischen Diagnostik wertvolle Ergänzungen zur kulturellen Anzucht und Serologie dar. Sie bergen aber gerade bei formalinfixiertem und in Paraffin eingebettetem Gewebe ein Risiko für sowohl falsch negative als auch falsch positive Resultate, welches nicht immer richtig eingeschätzt wird. Daher haben Vertreter der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hygiene und Mikrobiologie (DGHM) und der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft (DDG) einen Konsensus in Form einer Übersichtsarbeit erarbeitet, wann eine NAT am Paraffinschnitt angezeigt und sinnvoll ist und welche Punkte dabei in der Präanalytik und Befundinterpretation beachtet werden müssen. Da bei Verdacht auf eine Infektion grundsätzlich Nativgewebe genutzt werden soll, ist die PCR am Paraffinschnitt ein Sonderfall, wenn beispielsweise bei erst nachträglichaufgekommenem Verdacht auf eine Infektion kein Nativmaterial zur Verfügung steht und nicht mehr gewonnen werden kann. Mögliche Indikationen sind der histologisch erhobene Verdacht auf eine Leishmaniose, eine Infektion durch Bartonellen oder Rickettsien, oder ein Ecthyma contagiosum. Nicht sinnvoll ist oder kritisch gesehen wird eine NAT am Paraffinschnitt zum Beispiel bei Infektionen mit Mykobakterien oder RNA-Viren. Die Konstellation für eine NAT aus Paraffingewebe sollte jeweils benannt werden, die erforderliche Prä-Analytik, die jeweiligen Grenzen des Verfahrens und die diagnostischen Alternativen bekannt sein. Der PCR-Befund sollte entsprechend kommentiert werden, um Fehleinschätzungen zu vermeiden. © 2018 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. [Methodology of the S3 guidelines on alcohol and tobacco-related disorders].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoch, E; Petersen, K; Kopp, I; Batra, A; Mann, K

    2016-01-01

    From 2010 until 2015 two interdisciplinary evidence-based guidelines were developed to summarize the current knowledge regarding screening, diagnostics and treatment of alcohol and tobacco-related disorders. Both guidelines were prepared under the auspices of the German Society for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik und Nervenheilkunde, DGPPN) and the German Society for Addiction Research and Therapy (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Suchtforschung und -therapie, DG-Sucht). To meet the methodological criteria for the highest quality guidelines (S3 criteria) as defined by the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften, AWMF) the following criteria were realized: (1) a systematic search, selection and appraisal of the international literature, (2) a structured process to reach consensus and (3) inclusion of all relevant representatives of future guideline users. More than 60 clinical experts and researchers analyzed the scientific literature. In total 41 international and national guidelines (23 for alcohol and 18 for tobacco) were used. Moreover, 83 systematic Cochrane reviews (alcohol 28, tobacco 55) and 5863 articles (alcohol 2213, tobacco 3650) were analyzed. A total of 7 expert groups formulated 174 recommendations for the screening, diagnosis and treatment of alcohol-related disorders. Six expert groups created 81 recommendations for the screening, diagnosis and treatment of tobacco-related disorders. Approximately 50 scientific associations, professional organizations, patient and family initiatives, as well as representatives of the healthcare system formed a consensus group. In seven 1 and 2-day conferences, all clinical recommendations were discussed and approved by this group. Both guidelines will be revised on a regular basis to guarantee that the clinical recommendations are kept up to

  2. [German neurology and neurologists during the Third Reich: the aftermath].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, M; Fangerau, H; Karenberg, A

    2016-08-01

    The article discusses the consequences for neurology as a discipline which resulted from neurologists' participation in the crimes committed under National Socialism (NS). Chronologically, the current literature distinguishes mainly four overlapping stages: (1) a first phase was characterized by legal persecution and "denazification", which was also the time of the Nuremberg doctors' trial in which no neurologists were on trial. A detailed documentation of the trial for the German medical profession was published by Alexander Mitscherlich. (2) In the subsequent practice of wide amnestying and reintegration of former Nazi followers during the 1950s, neurologists were no exception as its elite continued in their positions. The year 1953 was the year of the Lisbon scandal, when chiefly Dutch representatives protested against the participation of Julius Hallervorden in the International Congress of Neurology. The newly founded societies, the German Society for Neurology (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurologie, DGN) and the German Society for Psychiatry and Neurology (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychiatrie und Neurologie, DGPN), unanimously supported their member. (3) The next period was characterized by a nascent criticism of the prevailing attitude of covering up the crimes committed by physicians during the Nazi period. The discovery of incriminating brain sections at various Max Planck Institutes brought neurology to the focus of the debate. (4) Since the 1980s and 1990s historians (of medicine) have been systematically examining medicine's Nazi past in a professional way, which resulted in a noticeable increase of knowledge. Additionally, a new generation of scholars provoked a change of mind insofar as they recognized medicine's responsibility for the crimes committed between 1933 and 1945. We expect that future historical research will further elucidate the history of neurology during the NS regime and have consequences for our current understanding of research

  3. Religiöse Differenz in elementarpädagogischen Einrichtungen. Was der Religionspädagogik zu denken geben kann

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stockinger, Helena

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISH: Childhood in Europe is increasingly characterized by children growing up in diverse contexts. One aspect of the diverse contexts is religious diversity. Kindergartens are often the first institutions where children are confronted with people who have different religious backgrounds. Interviews with the heads of an Islamic and a Catholic kindergarten in Vienna were conducted. In refe¬rence to the interviews the article points out topics, Religious Education could consider in future research. DEUTSCH: Aufgrund der Pluralität der Gesellschaft und der sich daraus ergebenden Differenz stellt sich die Frage, wie in elementarpädagogischen Einrichtungen, die ein Spiegelbild der Gesellschaft sind, mit (religiöser Differenz umgegangen wird und wie versucht wird, Differenzfähigkeit zu fördern. Anhand zweier Interviews mit den Leitungen eines katholisch und eines islamisch geführten Kindergartens in Wien werden Themen skizziert, die der Religionspädagogik in der Elementarpädagogik zu denken geben können.

  4. Religiöse Toleranz und wirtschfatlicher Aufschwung: Die Brünner Evangelischen und der Wandel der Gesellschaft 1781-1815

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bolom-Kotari, Sixtus

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 56, č. 1 (2016), s. 88-121 ISSN 0523-8587 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Religious Toleration * Protestantism * late Enlightenment * German-Czech relations * Brno * Moravia * Moravian Manchester Subject RIV: AB - History

  5. Site selection for deep geologic repositories - Consequences for society, economy and environment; was kommt auf die regionen zu? Auswirkungen geologischer tiefenlager auf gesellschaft, wirtschaft und lebensraum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-03-15

    In a few years, Switzerland will make the decision regarding site selection for geological underground repositories for the storage of radioactive wastes. Besides the safety issue, many citizens are interested in how such a repository will affect environment, economy and society in the selected site's region. This brochure summarizes the results of many studies on the socio-economic impacts of nuclear waste repositories. Radioactive wastes must be stored in such a way that mankind and environment are safely protected for a long period of time. How this goal may be achieved, is already known: geologic deep repositories warrant long-term safety. For the oncoming years in Switzerland the question is where the repository will be built. The search for an appropriate site for a repository in the proposed regions will launch discussions. Within the participative framework the regions may bring their requests. The demonstration of the safety of potential repository sites has the highest priority in the selection process. In the third procedural step additional rock investigations will be made. The socio-economic studies and the experience with existing plants show that radioactive waste management plants can be built and operated in good agreement with environmental requirements. The radioactive wastes in a deep underground repository are stored many hundred meters below the Earth's surface. There, they are isolated from our vital space. Technical barriers and the surrounding dense rock confinement prevent the release of radioactive materials into the environment. A deep repository has positive consequences for the regional economy. It increases trade and value creation and creates work places. The socio-economic impacts practically extend over one century, but strongly vary with time; they are the largest during the building period. High life quality and a positive population development in the selected site region are compatible with a deep repository. A fair and transparent unrolling of the site selection process is the basis for that

  6. A report on the fourth symposium on neutron dosimetry, 1st - 5th June 1981, G.S.F. [Gesellschaft fuer Strahlen und Umweltforschung] Munich - Neuherberg

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harvey, J.R.

    1982-01-01

    At this international conference, papers were presented on neutron dosimetry applied to the fields of radiotherapy, radiobiology and radiological protection. Papers relating to: quantities and units, radiotherapy, microdosimetry, radiobiology, quality factors, doses in nuclear power stations, instrumentation, sources and fields are discussed. It is concluded that there is a growing awareness of the importance of neutron dosimetry, particularly in the USA. A paper presented by the author, describing the present status of a proposed international filtered team project is given as an Appendix in the form in which it will appear in the Proceedings. (author)

  7. Planning geological underground repositories - Communicating with society; Sachplan geologische Tiefenlager - Forschungsprojekt 'Kommunikation mit der Gesellschaft': Wissenschaftlicher Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schenkel, W. [synergo, Mobilitaet-Politik-Raum, Zuerich (Switzerland); Gallego Carrera, D.; Renn, O.; Dreyer, M. [Dialogik gemeinnuetzige GmbH, Kommunikations- und Kooperationsforschung, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2009-06-15

    The project 'Planning geological underground repositories: Communicating with society', financed by the Swiss Federal Office for Energy, aimed at identifying basic principles for an appropriate information and communication strategy in the process of finding an underground site to store radioactive wastes. The topic concerns an issue increasingly discussed in modern societies: How to improve the dialogue between science, infrastructure operators, public authorities, groups in civil society and the population to answer complex problems? Against this background, in the project the following questions were taken into account: (i) How can the dialogue between science, politics, economy, and the (non-)organised public be arranged appropriately? Which principles are to be considered in organising this process? How can distrust within the population be reduced and confidence in authorities and scientific expertise be increased? (ii) How can society be integrated in the process of decision-making so that this process is perceived as comprehensible, acceptable and legitimate? To answer these questions, an analysis method based on scientific theory and methodology was developed, which compares national participation and communication processes in finding underground storage sites in selected countries. Case studies have been carried out in Germany, Sweden, Belgium, and Switzerland. By using specific criteria to evaluate communication processes, the strong points as well as the drawbacks of the country-specific concepts of information, communication and participation have been analysed in a comparing dimension. By taking into account the outcomes, prototypical scenarios have been deduced that can serve as a basis for compiling a reference catalogue of measures, which is meant to support the Swiss communication strategy in the finding of an appropriate site for a nuclear waste repository. Following conclusions can be drawn from the international comparison: (i) Open and transparent communication builds-up trust: information must be accessible to everyone; experts have to be understandable for everyone. (ii) Actor roles have to be communicated: too many communicators and/or not clearly defined roles diminish credibility. - Communication on regional and local levels has priority: communicators are persons, not anonymous organisations; however, do not forget national communication. (iii) Best communication is public participation: it builds up expertise and ability to judge. (iv) Communication needs sufficient and fair distributed resources. The empirical results of this research project have been translated into a separate brochure with guidelines for the communication throughout the oncoming site selection process in Switzerland. (authors)

  8. Der Generalobere der Gesellschaft Jesu Franz Retz und die Einführung der Bussmissionen in den bohmischen Ländern

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Svatoš, Martin

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 48, č. 1 (2008), s. 130-157 ISSN 0523-8587 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : Society of Jesus * superior general SJ Franz Retz * 18th century Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  9. DEGRO 2001. 17. annual congress of the German Radiation Oncology Society. Abstracts; DEGRO 2011. 17. Jahreskongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Radioonkologie. Kurzfassungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2011-06-15

    The volume includes lectures and posters on the following topics: protons and heavy ions - first treatment results; complementary medicine; lung carcinomas; radio-oncology management and centers; benign diseases; IMRT, IGRT. what will be routine? palliative radiotherapy - the role of radio-oncologists; biology and clinics of head-neck-ear tumors; free issues; radiation physics - dosimetric indicators in therapy planning; reduction of treatment regimes - risk or chances in radiotherapy? pancreas carcinomas; prostate carcinomas; individualization in radio-oncology; experimental radiotherapy - new molecular targets; pitfalls of oncological imaging and therapy planning; from cells to patients - the successful history of the ERGF receptor.

  10. Spannungen im Verhältnis von Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft = Pinged teaduse ja ühiskonna suhetes / Paul Hoyningen-Huene

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hoyningen-Huene, Paul

    2005-01-01

    Teadussüsteemi distsiplinaarsest süsteemist, teaduse konfliktidest moraalsete barjääridega, ajude äravoolu tõttu tekkinud probleemidest teaduslikult vähem arenenud maades. Vt. ka Carl Friedrich Gethmann'i kommentaari lk. 144-151,405-411 ja Jüri Engelbrechti kommentaari lk. 152-154,412-414

  11. Principles of business management as exemplified by the Salzach Coal Mining Society. [Austria]. Akzente einer Unternehmensfuehrung am Beispiel der Salzach-Kohlenbergbau-Gesellschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pirklbauer, S.M.

    1983-01-01

    The special activities of the SAKOG management are outlined. While the daily struggle with difficult deposits and the efforts in prolonging the working life of an enterprise by further successful coal mining are the most important aspects of technology, it is the main task of the commercial side to meet the financial requirements of the enterprise by securing optimal proceeds. The reliable organizational structure of an easily controllable enterprise which is not too large and the proved availability of all components have led to the successes of the past 35 years. Maintaining the continuity of this development means marching at the top of progress also in the future.

  12. Zpráva z "Jahrestagugng der Gesellschaft für arabisches und islamisches Recht e.V." 21.-22. 10. 2011, Berlin

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bezoušková, Lenka

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 151, č. 4 (2012), s. 436-439 ISSN 0231-6625 Institutional support: RVO:68378122 Keywords : Islamic Law * Arabic Law * the German Society for Arabic and Islamic Law Subject RIV: AG - Legal Sciences

  13. Dictionary for controllers: Controlling terms and definitions. German-English/English-German. 2. rev. and enl. ed.; Controller-Woerterbuch: Die zentralen Begriffe der Controllerarbeit mit ausfuehrlichen Erlaeuterungen. Deutsch-Englisch/Englisch-Deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This second, enhanced and reworked edition of the dictionary shall serve practitioners (controllers and managers) and students as reference book for the most important technical terms. It is made like a dictionary: German/English as well as English/German and has a bilingual index. The contributions represent the practical controller-knowledge in the IGC-countries at the doorstep of the new millenium.(orig.)

  14. Komparative Analysen und Überlegungen zum Übersetzen in die germanischen Sprachen Deutsch, Englisch und Dänisch

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Gyde

    2014-01-01

    Based on empirical studies of texts, the three Germanic languages German, English and Danish are compared regarding similarities and differences. The analysis focuses on special aspects depending on how meaning is structured in the three languages. Some typical difficulties and pitfalls human...

  15. Disposal of Russian nuclear submarines and surface ships; Deutsch-russisches Gemeinschaftsprojekt zur Entsorgung russischer Atom-U-Boote

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klammt, Jens-Uwe; Menger, Bernd; Mietann, Detlef [Energiewerke Nord GmbH, Rubenow (Germany)

    2009-08-15

    A German contribution to the initiative of the Global G8 Partnership against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction is a project for the disposal of decommissioned nuclear submarines of the Russian Northern Sea Fleet. The Federal Republic of Germany makes available a total of 600 million euro for this purpose for the period of 2003 to 2014. Since 2003, a long-term store has been under construction in the Saida Bay in the Murmansk region for land-based storage of mothballed reactor sections from decommissioned nuclear submarines and components of nuclear surface ships with a total of 178 storage positions, the necessary infrastructure included. At the present time, 33 mothballed reactor sections of disassembled nuclear submarines are stored there. Work is also under way to build and equip a center for conditioning, treatment, and long-term storage of radioactive waste from the northwestern region of Russia, which will be commissioned in 2014. This waste management center is a key item in Russian plans for the establishment of radiologically safe conditions in the region. Germany financed the disassembly of 20 submarines into reactor sections fit for storage. Extensive assistance was provided in improving the material technical basis of the shipyard commissioned to dispose of the nuclear submarines. (orig.)

  16. MACH MIT: Deutsches Wochenende am Karlsfluss (MACH MIT: a German Week-End on the Charles River).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reizes, Sonia; Kramsch, Claire J.

    1980-01-01

    Describes a joint high school/college pilot program planned by Massachusetts foreign language teachers and hosted by M.I.T. The success of the program dubbed "MACH MIT Total Immersion German Weekend" is attributed to the concept of active involvement, which was implemented through games, seminars, shows, cooking and other activities.…

  17. Zur Entwicklung der Lesekompetenz in Deutsch als Fremdsprache (On the Development of Reading Competence in German as a Foreign Language).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, Wolfgang; Sternagel, Peter

    1979-01-01

    Discusses the problems of Japanese students learning to read German; their two years of German at the university are inadequate. A "profile" of minimum reading competence is presented, followed by suggestions for teaching, including vocabulary, sentence structure, and types of text exercises. (IFS/WGA)

  18. Formen und Funktionen von Interrogationen. Fragen in grammatischen Beschreibungen, empirischen Befunden und Lehrwerken für Deutsch als Fremdsprache

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rost-Roth, Martina

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of how questions are treated in grammar books shows that the main focus is on word order phenomena. At the same time, statements are often made about functions or the rela-tionship between form and function; these are not always consistent with more systematic approaches or with empirical findings. Empirical analyses of spoken language reveal a very complex picture; comparison of the question realizations of native speakers and non-native speakers shows that the questions produced by non-native speakers are limited in various re-spects. Moreover, analysis of textbooks shows that some relationships between form and function are underrepresented.

  19. Sprachbewusstheit und ihr Einsatz von Jugendlichen, die Deutsch als Tertiärsprache in der Slowakei lernen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Juhásová

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Der vorliegende Beitrag erörtert die derzeit in der Fremdsprachenforschung stark betonte Bedeutung von bewusstem Lernen, insbesondere beim Erwerb der zweiten beziehungsweise der weiteren Fremdsprache. Im Zentrum der Aufmerksamkeit steht die Sprachbewusstheit beim Erwerb des Deutschen als Tertiärsprache sowie jene Rolle, die ihrem Einsatz von Schülern der neunten Klasse der neunjährigen Grundschule in der Slowakei zugeschrieben wird. Der empirische Teil thematisiert die aus der Befragung gewonnenen Daten zu lernindividuellen Faktoren beim L3-Lernen, zum Umgang jugendlicher Lernender mit ihrem (fremd-sprachlichen Vorwissen sowie mit ihren sprachlernbezogenen Erfahrungen beim Erwerb des Deutschen als zweiter Fremdsprache und erarbeitet daraus Herausforderungen für die Praxis des DaF-Lernens und -Lehrens. The submitted article deals with the notion of language awareness which is especially accentuated as the means of second language acquisition. Language awareness becomes the centre of attention in terms of mastering German language as the third language and its role on the 9th grade of primary school in Slovakia. Empirical part is based on data obtained by questionnaire method provided by students. Students are explaining their relation towards second language learning as well as their experiences with L3 followed by deductions for further learning and practice of German as a foreign language.

  20. Interkulturelle kommunikative Kompetenz. Ein Versuch der Operationalisierung aus dem Fach Deutsch in der dänischen Lehrerausbildung

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Kirsten; Daryai-Hansen, Petra

    2017-01-01

    In the article, a preliminary requirement is formulated for a further development of the concept of intercultural communicative competence, in order to provide a basis for the planning and observation of German as a foreign language in the Danish teacher education context. The article takes its p...... the teaching of German in Danish primary education (folkeskole). In conclusion, the article outlines some possibilities for further development of the presented model......In the article, a preliminary requirement is formulated for a further development of the concept of intercultural communicative competence, in order to provide a basis for the planning and observation of German as a foreign language in the Danish teacher education context. The article takes its...... point of departure in Michael Byram’s model of intercultural communicative competence, which is compared with Darla K. Deardorff’s process model and with the definition given by the so-called REPT-project. Thereafter, an attempt is made to meet the above-mentioned requirement: on the basis...

  1. Differenzieren und Kooperieren: die Visegrád-Staaten bleiben für die deutsche Europapolitik trotz Differenzen relevant

    OpenAIRE

    Lang, Kai-Olaf

    2017-01-01

    Die vier Länder der Visegrád-Gruppe (Polen, Slowakei, Tschechien und Ungarn) haben sich aktiv in die Diskussion über die künftige Gestalt der Europäischen Union eingeschaltet. Sie haben bereits unter dem Eindruck des Brexit-Votums und des informellen Gipfels von Bratislava im September 2016 zu gemeinsamen Positionen gefunden und nun im Vorfeld der Jubiläumserklärung von Rom ihre Präferenzen für die Reform der EU artikuliert. Zwar betonten sie bei dieser Gelegenheit zum wiederholten Male ihre ...

  2. DIE KONTRASTIVE TEXTSORTENANALYSE ALS VORSTUFE ZUR ÜBERSETZUNG VON RECHTSTEXTEN: DEUTSCHE UND SPANISCHE SCHEIDUNGSURTEILE IM VERGLEICH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iris Holl

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Beim interlingualen und interkulturellen Vergleich juristischer Textsorten zeigen sich zum einen die unterschiedlichen Vertextungskonventionen, welche die jeweilige Rechtssprache prägen, und zum anderen die rechtskulturellen Besonderheiten, die auf die verschiedenen Rechtsordnungen, in denen die Texte verwurzelt sind, hinweisen. Aus diesem Grund kann die kontrastive Textsortenanalyse wertvolle Ergebnisse für die Übersetzung von Rechtstexten liefern. Dies soll in vorliegendem Beitrag exemplarisch anhand des Vergleichs deutscher und spanischer Scheidungsurteile gezeigt werden. Dabei erfolgt die Textanalyse anhand eines Mehrebenenmodells, das gleichzeitig die verschiedenen Dimensionen des Textes (funktional-pragmatische, semantische und grammatische Dimension sowie die Wechselwirkungen zwischen diesen erfasst. Beim Textvergleich funktionieren die einzelnen Ebenen des Modells außerdem als tertium comparationis.

  3. 76 FR 81968 - United States v. Deutsche Börse AG and NYSE Euronext; Proposed Final Judgment and Competitive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    .... DEFENDANTS AND THE TRANSACTION 8. DB is a German Aktiengesellschaft that operates financial exchanges and..., time differences, and language differences, among other things. Additionally, the majority of American... is a German Aktiengesellschaft that runs financial exchanges and ancillary businesses in the United...

  4. Evaluation der Kurse 'Deutsch als Fremdsprache' im Akademischen Auslandsamt Siegen : ein Beitrag zur Qualitätssicherung und -entwicklung

    OpenAIRE

    Moll, Katharina

    2011-01-01

    Der Begriff "Qualität" im Kontext von Lehre und Unterricht ist schon seit Jahren in aller Munde. Nicht erst, aber insbesondere seit der Veröffentlichung der ersten PISA-Studie fordern Politiker umfassende Managementsysteme zur Verbesserung der Qualität von Bildungseinrichtungen in Deutschland. In diesem Zusammenhang wurden in den letzten Jahren viele Ideen entwickelt, die helfen sollen, die Qualität der Bildung zu verbessern. Vor allem für den schulischen Bereich, der besonders unter Druck ge...

  5. The Fifth German Oral Health Study (Fünfte Deutsche Mundgesundheitsstudie, DMS V) - rationale, design, and methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Rainer A; Bodechtel, Constanze; Hertrampf, Katrin; Hoffmann, Thomas; Kocher, Thomas; Nitschke, Ina; Schiffner, Ulrich; Stark, Helmut; Zimmer, Stefan; Micheelis, Wolfgang

    2014-12-29

    Oral diseases rank among the most prevalent non-communicable diseases in modern societies. In Germany, oral epidemiological data show that both dental caries and periodontal diseases are highly prevalent, though significant improvements in oral health has been taking in the population within the last decades, particularly in children. It is, therefore, the aim of the Fifth German Oral Health Study (DMS V) to actualize the data on current oral health status and to gather information on oral health behavior and risk factors. In addition to current oral health monitoring, the study will also permit conclusions about trends in the development of oral health in Germany between 1989 and 2014. DMS V is a cross-sectional, multi-center, nationwide representative, socio-epidemiological study to investigate the oral health status und behavior of the German resident population in four age cohorts. Study participants are children (12-year-olds), adults (35- to 44-year-olds), young olds (65- to 74-year-olds), and old olds (75- to 100-year-olds) who are drawn from local residents' registration offices. Social-science investigation parameters concern subjective perceptions and attitudes regarding oral health and nutrition, sense of coherence, and socio-demographic data. Clinical oral parameters are tooth loss, caries and periodontitis, prosthodontic status, further developmental and acquired dental hard tissue and mucosal lesions. To ensure reproducibility, the dental investigators are trained and calibrated by experts and multiple reliability checks are performed throughout the field phase. Statistical analyses are calculated according to a detailed statistical analysis plan. The DMS studies first performed in 1989, 1992 and repeated in 1997 and 2005 are the only cross-sectional oral health studies conducted in Germany on a population-based national representative level. Updated prevalence and trend analyses of key oral diseases are, therefore, of major epidemiological and health services research interest. German Health Services Research Data Bank VfD_DMSV_13_002152.

  6. Pop nädal : Popuudised. Uus plaat. Deutsche Alternative Charts albumid Top 10. A-Ha video / Aivar Meos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meos, Aivar

    2002-01-01

    Kurt Cobaini raamatust"Kurt Cobain: The Journals". 2. juulil müügile tulevast ansambli The White Stripes' albumist "Dead Leaves and the Dirty Ground". Ansambli R.E.M. uuest albumist. Ansambli ZLO plaadist "Machopask". Ansambli A-Ha videost, mis põhineb 1991. a. vändatud lühifilmil "A Year along the Abonded Road"

  7. DEWEK '98: 4. German wind power conference; DEWEK '98: 4. Deutsche Windenergie-Konferenz. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerdes, B. [ed.

    1999-07-01

    The conference report comprises 90 papers and posters on the following subjects: 1. Technological developments (e.g. use of adaptive structures systems, active stalle wind power systems, systems for early detection of errors); 2. Design and optimisation; 3. Wind forecasts; 4. Operation analyses (e.g. active and passive stall, collective loads, wind power systems in cold climates); 5. Wind power systems and the environment; 6. Offshore wind power generation; 7. Electric characteristics (e.g. modelling of flicker, energy conditioning in distribution systems with a high wind power share); 8. Economic efficiency (e.g. economic efficiency of offshore wind parks on the North Sea coast); 9. Network quality; 10. Rotor development (e.g. noise reduction); 11. Certification and methods of measurement. [German] Der Tagungsband enhaelt 90 Fach- und Posterbeitraege, die sich mit den folgenden Schwerpunkten befassen: 1. Technologische Entwicklungen (z.B. Einsatz von adaptiven Struktursystemen; Active-Stall-WKA; Fehlerfrueherkennungssystemen). 2. Auslegung und Optimierung. 3. Windprognosen. 4. Betriebsanalysen (z.B. Aktive Stall/Passive Stall im Vergleich; Lastkollektive von WKA; WKA in kaltem Klima). 5. Windenergieanlagen und Umwelt. 6. Offshore-Windenergienutzung. 7. Elektrische Eigenschaften (z.B. Modellierung des 'Flickerverhaltens' von WKA; Energiekonditionierung in Verteilnetzen mit hohem Windenergieanteil). 8. Wirtschaftlichkeit (z.B. Wirtschaftlichkeit von Offshore-Windparks der Norddeutschen Kuestenlinie). 9. Netzqualitaet. 10. Rotorentwicklung (z.B. Reduzierung der Schallabstrahlung von WKAs). 11. Zertifizierung von Messmethoden. (AKF)

  8. ENET News July 2003 - Information on energy research - German issue; ENET News, Juli 2003, Nr. 55 deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellstein, J.

    2003-07-01

    The July 2003 issue of ENET News, a magazine on energy research in Switzerland published three times a year, presents several articles on and around the topic of geothermal energy. Further articles cover the topics of decentralised power supply, environment-friendly small hydropower, adsorption refrigeration for African clinics, optimisation of wood-fired boilers, biofuels and noise abatement issues concerning heat pump applications. Also, a fuel-cell based mobile power pack and an electric scooter are described. Further articles take a look at nuclear fusion and the development of a gas-motor based combined heat and power system.

  9. Explanations on nomenclature and number of material for steels in accordance with DIN norm - (Deutsch Industrie Norm)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barone, S.D.; Silva, T.C.V. da; Bittencourt, M.S.Q.

    1980-01-01

    The materials specified by DIN norm are identified by its nomenclature and corresponding DIN number. The characters (numbers and letters) aim to classify the material and provide indication on main alloy properties and elements. (M.C.K.) [pt

  10. Wovon wir als Lehrperson überzeugt sind und wie wir Gefangene als Lernende sehen (Deutsch Version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Schumacher

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Dieser Artikel bietet einen Einblick in einen Deutschkurs für Fremdsprachige in einer geschlossenen Justizvollzugsanstalt in der Deutschschweiz. Aus der Perspektive der Lehrenden denkt die Autorin über Annahmen und Überzeugungen nach, die man in ein solches, doch eher spezielles Lernsetting mitbringen könnte. Ihren Überlegungen stellt sie Begebenheiten aus ihrem Unterrichtsalltag im Vollzug gegenüber. Sie kommt zum Schluss, dass es nicht in erster Linie darum gehen kann, Überzeugungen einer Lehrperson zu verändern bzw. überwinden – vielmehr ist es im genannten Kontext wichtig, an die Gefangenen und ihr Potenzial als Lernende zu glauben.

  11. German power market in Europe. Between competition and climate protection; Der deutsche Strommarkt in Europa. Zwischen Wettbewerb und Klimaschutz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krisp, A.

    2007-07-01

    In order to attain the targets of climatic protection and in order to guarantee a safe supply of energy, a committed climatic program and energy program have to be submitted. The Federal Republic of Germany can attain this without rehabilitating the atomic energy. In addition, the development of the technologies has to be supported for the promotion of renewable energies. The national policy must strengthen their commitment and start initiatives for energy conservation. For this, the following aspects are suggested: (a) Enhancement of the energy standards of electrical appliances; (b) Minimization of the losses of energy due to the ''Stand By '' function of electrical appliances; (c) Promotion of investments in clean coal technologies and in technologies of combined heat and power generation; (d) Further avoidance of losses with the use of fossil sources of energy; (e) Auction of the free of charge certificates; (f) reduction the network charges; (g) coordinated energy policy on European level.

  12. Effects of regulation by incentives on the German power industry; Auswirkungen der Anreizregulierung auf die deutsche Stromwirtschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedell, Burkhard; Roetzel, Peter [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Lehrstuhl Controlling

    2010-10-15

    The regulation by incentives was introduced in the German power industry in 2009 instead of cost-oriented regulation. The new regulation principle makes new demands on utilities. It is to be expected that the changes will also affect the self-image, behaviour and internal functions of the regulated public utilities. The contribution is based on a study of the Controlling Department of Stuttgart University for which data were acquired in late 2009 among German electric utilities and presents some preliminary results. (orig.)

  13. Ene News April 2003 - Information on energy research (German version); ENET News, April 2003, Nr. 54 deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellstein, J.

    2003-07-01

    The April 2003 issue of ENET News, a magazine on energy research in Switzerland published three times a year, covers the topics of energy use in industry, the export of sustainable energy technologies and reviews the Swiss Research Concept for the period 2004 - 2007. Further articles discuss technology transfer from research institutes to industry, technology monitoring, new photovoltaic technologies, new techniques for the recycling of metal, wood energy and the energetic use of biogas from wastewater treatment plants and of drainage water from alpine tunnels. Further, small hydro schemes are described, the hydronics of small heat pump systems are discussed and the efficient use of fossil fuels in combined heat and power / heat pump combinations is examined. Other topics covered include low-energy consumption building, nuclear reactor safety and biomass-based fuels.

  14. IFRS for SMEs: eine interessante Option für deutsche KMUs auf dem Gebiet der Konzernrechnungslegung?

    OpenAIRE

    Henselmann, Klaus; Roos, Benjamin

    2009-01-01

    The paper analyzes whether the International Financial Reporting Standard for Small and Medium-sized Entities (IFRS for SMEs), published July 9, 2009, could be an interesting option for the consolidated financial statements of small and medium-sized entities (SMEs) in Germany. Background is the intention of the IASB to give SMEs an attractive alternative in accounting according to international standards. For this reason the analysis includes a comparison of the sections of the IFRS for SMEs ...

  15. Solar power stations for all roofs - two enterprises combine solar power generations and franchising; Fuer jedes Dach ein Solarkraftwerk - wie zwei Unternehmer Sonnenenergie und Franchising verbinden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meyeren, T. von

    1997-12-31

    A project is presented in which two partners cooperate in roof-mounted solar power units. Prospects are good: Although the German market for photovolatic systems is still not in full swing, there are good chances worldwide. (orig.) [Deutsch] `Die Zeit is reif, etwas zu tun` fanden Lothar Kuhn, Elektromeister aus Starzach in Wuerttemberg, und Alfred Ritter, Inhaber des Schokoladen-Unternehmens Ritter Sport, angesichts der Zurueckhaltung der grossen deutschen Energieunternehmen gegenueber der Solar-Energie. Sie beschlossen, sich der Energieinteressen der Menschen konstruktiv anzunehmen, der eine - Alfred Ritter - als Kapitalgeber, der andere - Lothar Kuhn - als geschaeftsfuehrender Gesellschafter der im Juni 1996 gegruendeten Sunlive Solarnetwork GmbH and Co KG, auf Schloss Weitenburg in Starzach und zugleich Experte auf dem Gebiet der Solarstrom-Erzeugung. Die Vision:Jedes Dach soll ein solares E-Werk werden. Die Chancen: Nie besser als heute. Der deutsche Photovoltaik-Markt ist unterentwickelt, Prognosen bescheinigen jedoch weltweit gross Entwicklungschancen in wirtschaftlicher und technischer Hinsicht.(orig./AKF)

  16. Procedure guidelines for radioiodine therapy of differentiated thyroid cancer (version 2); Verfahrensanweisung zur Radioiodtherapie (RIT) beim differenzierten Schilddruesenkarzinom (Version 2)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dietlein, M.; Dressler, J.; Farahati, J.; Gruenwald, F.; Leisner, E.; Moser, E.; Reiners, C.; Schicha, H.; Schober, O. [Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Nuklearmedizin e.V., Hannover (Germany)

    2004-08-01

    The procedure guidelines for radioiodine therapy (RIT) of differentiated thyroid cancer (version 2) are the counterpart to the procedure guidelines for {sup 131}I whole-body scintigraphy (version 2) and specify the interdisciplinary guidelines for thyroid cancer of the Deutsche Krebsgesellschaft and the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Chirurgie concerning the nuclear medicine part. Compared with version 1 facultative options for RIT can be chosen in special cases: ablative RIT for papillary microcarcinoma {<=} 1 cm, ablative RIT for mixed forms of anaplastic and differentiated thyroid cancer, and RIT in patients with a measurable or increasing thyroglobulin concentration but without detectable metastases by imaging. The description of the pretherapeutic dosimetry now includes the isotopes {sup 123}I and {sup 124}I as well as a broader range of the activity of {sup 131}I. Activities of 2-5 GBq {sup 131}I are recommended for the first ablative RIT. If high accumulative activities of {sup 131}I are expected, men who have not yet finished their family planning should be advised to the option of sperm cryoconservation. An interdisciplinary consensus is necessary whether the new TNM-classification (UICC, 6{sup th} edition, 2002) will lead to modified recommendations for surgical or nuclear medicine therapy, especially for the surgical completeness and for the ablative RIT of pT1 papillary cancer. (orig.)

  17. Luhmann - "Stunde Null" for sociologien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harste, Gorm

    2016-01-01

    Bidraget findes i oversættelsen af Niklas Luhmann Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft; Gorm Harste har skrevet indledningen, pp. 9-28 og korrigeret oversættelsen......Bidraget findes i oversættelsen af Niklas Luhmann Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft; Gorm Harste har skrevet indledningen, pp. 9-28 og korrigeret oversættelsen...

  18. [German neurology and neurologists during the Third Reich: Preconditions and general framework before and after 1933].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, M; Karenberg, A; Fangerau, H

    2016-08-01

    This article focuses on the institutional development of neurology in Germany up to the rise to power of the National Socialists and the radical sociopolitical changes after 1933. A wide range of scattered secondary literature was assessed and evaluated. Additionally, some original sources are literally quoted and interpreted according to the context. Since the end of the nineteenth century a complicated process of separation from internal medicine and psychiatry led to the formation of a self-conscious discipline of neurology. The first generation of German neurologists succeeded in founding the German Journal for Neurology ("Deutsche Zeitschrift für Nervenheilkunde") in 1890 and their own neurological association, the Society of German Neurologists ("Gesellschaft Deutscher Nervenärzte", GDN) in 1907. On an international scale, however, the institutional implementation of neurology with only a small number of chairs and few neurology departments remained more than modest. The ambitions for autonomy ended 2 years after the change of power in 1933. Regulatory interventions by the government and psychiatric interests led to the fusion of the GDN with the psychiatric specialist society, the new association being called the Society of German Neurologists and Psychiatrists ("Gesellschaft Deutscher Neurologen und Psychiater", GDNP) in 1935. In this group psychiatrists dominated the discourse. The expulsion, imprisonment and murder of physicians declared as non-Aryan or Jewish along with the forced consolidation ("Gleichschaltung") at the universities prompted profound changes in medical and academic life. It remains an ongoing challenge of neurological historical research to measure the impact of this upheaval on the few neurology departments in hospitals and private practices.

  19. Einsatz und Wirksamkeit von Systemtherapien bei Erwachsenen mit schwerer Neurodermitis: Erste Ergebnisse des deutschen Neurodermitis-Registers TREATgermany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, Jochen; Abraham, Susanne; Trautmann, Freya; Stephan, Victoria; Fölster-Holst, Regina; Homey, Bernhard; Bieber, Thomas; Novak, Natalija; Sticherling, Michael; Augustin, Matthias; Kleinheinz, Andreas; Elsner, Peter; Weidinger, Stephan; Werfel, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    Versorgungsregister dienen der Erfassung des Einsatzes und der Wirksamkeit von Therapien unter realen Versorgungsbedingungen und sind als Basis einer evidenzbasierten Gesundheitsversorgung unverzichtbar. Das deutsche Neurodermitis-Register TREATgermany wurde als weltweit erstes Register für Patienten mit schwerer Neurodermitis 2011 initiiert. Erwachsene mit schwerer Neurodermitis (aktuelle/frühere antientzündliche Systemtherapie und/oder objektiver SCORAD ≥ 40) werden über einen Zeitraum von 24 Monaten prospektiv beobachtet. Anhand validierter Erhebungsinstrumente werden die klinische Erkrankungsschwere (EASI, SCORAD), Lebensqualität (DLQI), Symptome, globale Erkrankungsschwere sowie die Patientenzufriedenheit erfasst und die durchgeführten Therapien dokumentiert. Die vorliegende Analyse beschreibt die Charakteristika, Therapiewahl und Wirksamkeit der eingesetzten antiinflammatorischen Systemtherapien der bis Oktober 2014 eingeschlossenen Patienten. An fünf Zentren wurden insgesamt 78 Patienten (Durchschnittsalter 39 Jahre, 61 % männlich) eingeschlossen. Bei den Patienten besteht eine hohe Inanspruchnahme ambulanter und stationärer Leistungen. Ciclosporin war das am häufigsten eingesetzte Systemtherapeutikum und zeigte die höchste klinische Effektivität (EASI-50-Ansprechrate 51 %; EASI-75-Ansprechrate 34 % nach zwölfwöchiger Therapie). Azathioprin, Methotrexat (MTX), Prednisolon oral, Mycophenolat, Alitretinoin und Leflunomid wurden ebenfalls bei einzelnen Patienten eingesetzt. Die vorliegende Registerauswertung gibt wichtige Hinweise zur derzeitigen Versorgung von Erwachsenen mit schwerer Neurodermitis in Deutschland, dokumentiert die hohe Erkrankungslast, den Nutzen vorhandener Therapien und den Bedarf an weiteren, effektiven und in der Langzeitanwendung sicheren Therapieoptionen. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Kontrastive Phonetik Deutsch-Slowakisch : Parallelen und Unterschiede aus auslandsgermanistischer Sicht und Forschungsergebnisse der deutschen Phonetik in der slowakischen Germanistik in der Vergangenheit und in der Gegenwart

    OpenAIRE

    Adamcová, Lívia

    2011-01-01

    Im folgenden Artikel wird der Versuch unternommen, die Hauptmerkmale der phonetischen Forschung in der slowakischen Germanistik (teils aus kontrastiver Sicht) in den letzten zwei Jahrzehnten zu dokumentieren. Aus verständlichen Gründen verzichten wir dabei auf Vollständigkeit: Die Ergebnisse der phonetischen Arbeiten sind in bibliographischen Abteilungen der Bibliotheken bzw. im Internet zusammengetragen. In unserer Analyse berücksichtigen wir nur diejenigen AutorInnen, die wir aus anderen...

  1. Multi parameter point-of-care system for sepsis diagnostics: Poster at DBS 2009, 6. Deutsches BioSensor Symposium, 29.3.-1.4.2009, Freiburg, Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Kemmler, M.; Koger, B.; Sulz, G.; Sauer, U.; Preininger, C.; Brandenburg, A.

    2009-01-01

    Nowadays sepsis is one of the most common causes of death in intensive care units. It often takes too long to draw a diagnostic report, especially if the patient is not in hospital at the beginning of an infection. In hospitals, blood and other patient samples are usually taken and analyzed in central laboratories. Afterwards the diagnosis is sent back to the physician/patient. Point-of-care (POC) diagnostic reduces the therapeutic turn around time drastically and allows inducing the essentia...

  2. Entwicklung der interkulturellen Kompetenz im Unterricht Deutsch als Fremdsprache. Eine empirische Untersuchung zum interkulturell orientierten Kompetenzprofil der DaF-Lehrkräfte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Petravić

    2016-04-01

    Intercultural communicative competence as a global aim of foreign language teaching requires a foreign language teacher profile which takes into account an integration of language teaching and of the development of the learners’ intercultural competence. The paper deals with this issue on two levels. First, it provides an outline of a competence profile of the interculturally competent foreign language teacher. Second, the authors present against this background a selection of findings of an empirical investigation on the self-awareness of German language teachers with regard to the development of intercultural competence as part of foreign language teaching in Croatia. The results show that a basically positive attitude of teachers regarding the integration of intercultural competence into foreign language teaching is confronted with their insufficient familiarity with various aspects of German-speaking cultures and with the use of teaching practices fostering the development of intercultural competence in German language teaching. This, in turn, carries implications for the education and professional development of teachers of German as foreign language.

  3. "Ich hab' es getragen sieben Jahr..." Balladen im Unterricht fur Deutsch als Fremdsprache ("I Have Suffered Seven Years..." Ballads for Teaching German as a Foreign Language).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wicke, Rainer E.

    This teaching guide presents 11 classic German ballads for classroom use in the instruction of German as a foreign language. For each of the 11 ballads included in the guide, questions and exercises are provided to aid student comprehension, as well as numerous drawings and other illustrative materials. (VWL)

  4. Phraseologisches Optimum für Deutsch als Fremdsprache. Ein Vorschlag auf der Basis von Frequenz- und Geläufigkeitsuntersuchungen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hallsteinsdóttir, Erla

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we introduce results from two studies on frequency and knowledge of German idioms. The aim of the first study was to determine the frequency of idioms in a written language corpus, and in the second study the native speakers knowledge of idioms was exploited. In both studies selected idioms from dictionaries of idioms and dictionaries for German as a foreign language were used, and here we present the result of the comparison of the data from both studies concerning 1112 German idioms. One part of the result is a list with 143 highly frequent and well known idioms, that we propose to be a part of a "phraseological optimum" for German as a foreign language.

  5. "Deutsch als Fremdsprache" fuer Kinder auslaendischer Arbeitnehmer. Vorschlaege zur Lehrerfortbildung ("German as a Foreign Language" for Children of Foreign Workers. Suggestions for Supplementary Training of Teachers)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Lothar

    1976-01-01

    Qualified teachers are needed for the children of foreign workers in Germany. Supplementary courses are needed for teachers entering this field. Suggestions are given for a 3-phase course, including topics for the basic course, introduction of teaching aids, the use of suitable texts, practice teaching, etc. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  6. Entwicklung eines Einstufungstests fuer Deutsch als Fremdsprache an der Universitaet Bonn (Developing a Placement Test for German as a Foreign Language at the University of Bonn).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kummer, Manfred; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Discusses various test types, and specifically the placement test for German as a foreign language at Bonn University, describing the segments: multiple-choice questions and "fill-in" dictations based on given texts. Test content varies according to students' nationality. Grading procedures are also described. (IFS/WGA)

  7. Geschlechtergeschichte als Zugang zur deutsch-jüdischen Geschichte Gender History as Point of Entry to German-Jewish History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristiane Gerhardt

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Mit der sukzessiven Erosion des rabbinischen Normensystems und im Prozess der Verbürgerlichung, so die grundlegende These dieser Arbeit, wurden jüdische Frauen seit dem frühen 19. Jahrhundert nicht nur stärker als zuvor in die religiöse Kultur und Praxis integriert. Gleichermaßen gewannen auch Konzepte von Weiblichkeit entscheidend an Bedeutung für die Neuorientierung eines Judaismus bürgerlicher Prägung. Auf breiter Quellenbasis werden in Gender, Judaism and Bourgeois Culture in Germany, 1800–1870 die soziale und religiöse Praxis dieses historischen Wandels, die Programme und Auseinandersetzungen, aber auch die Grenzen dieser Neudefinitionen analysiert.The basic thesis of this work is that during the course of the successive erosion of the Rabbinical system of norms and the process of gentrification, Jewish women have become ever more strongly integrated into religious culture and practice since the early 19th century. Concurrently, the concept of femininity took on a decisive meaning for the new orientation of bourgeois-leaning Judaism. The book Gender, Judaism and Bourgeois Culture in Germany, 1800–1870, analyses the social and religious practice of this historical change, the programs and conflicts as well as the limits of these new definitions based on a broad selection of sources.

  8. The German ''Energiewende''. Evaluation after the Paris-agreement; Die Deutsche Energiewende. Bewertung nach dem Klima-Abkommen von Paris

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roth, Eike

    2016-12-15

    The World-Climate-Summit 2016 in Paris agreed to exacerbated goals for climate protection. This paper will scrutinize whether Germany can comply with its Paris-obligations by continuing the ongoing German ''Energiewende''. The result is clear-cut: The German ''Energiewende'' is inadequate. Due to the cap-and-trade system of the EU the ''Energiewende'' can in no way contribute to climate protection.

  9. Dictionary of electrical engineering. Power engineering, automation technology, measurement and control technology, mechatronics. English - German; Fachwoerterbuch Elektrotechnik. Energietechnik, Automatisierungstechnik, Mess-, Steuer- und Regelungstechnik, Mechatronik. Englisch - Deutsch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heckler, H.

    2007-07-01

    The foreign-language vocabulary taught at school usually does not cover terms needed during professional life in electrical engineering. This comprehensive dictionary contains more than 60,000 electrotechnical and engineering terms - used in textbooks, manuals, data sheets, whitepapers and international standards. British English and American English spelling differences are identified. Terms used in IEC standards of the International Electrotechnical Commission are marked, allowing the reader to have easy access to the multilingual glossary of the IEC. This book contains the in-house dictionaries of the internationally operating companies Festo, KEB, Phoenix Contact, and Rittal. Topics: - Basic of electrical engineering, - Electrical power engineering, - Mechatronics, - Electrical drive engineering, - Electrical connection technology, - Automation technology, - Safety-related technology, - Information technology, - Measurement and control technology, - Explosion protection - Power plant technology, - Lightning and overvoltage protection. (orig.)

  10. Dictionary of electrical engineering. Power engineering, automation technology, measurement and control technology, mechatronics. German - English; Fachwoerterbuch Elektrotechnik. Energietechnik, Automatisierungstechnik, Mess-, Steuer- und Regelungstechnik, Mechatronik. Deutsch - Englisch

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heckler, H.

    2007-07-01

    This comprehensive dictionary contains more than 60,000 electrotechnical and engineering terms - used in textbooks, manuals, data sheets, whitepapers and international standards. British English and American English spelling differences are identified. Terms used in IEC standards of the International Electrotechnical Commission are marked, allowing the reader to have easy access to the multilingual glossary of the IEC. (orig.)

  11. Non-medical application of radioactive materials or ionizing radiation. German legal regulations; Die Anwendung radioaktiver Stoffe oder ionisierender Strahlung ausserhalb der Medizin. Deutsche Rechtsvorschriften

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huhn, Walter [Ministerium fuer Arbeit, Integration und Soziales NRW, Duesseldorf (Germany); Lorenz, Bernd [Lorenz Consulting, Essen (Germany)

    2016-05-01

    Non-medical imaging is regulated in Germany since the 2011 radiation protection law amendment and the simultaneous X-ray regulation amendment based on the Euratom guideline 96/29. The regulations contain lists with justified and non-justified activities.

  12. The German Fukushima disaster. Media tsunami and policy GAU destroy the energy supply; Das deutsche Fukushima-Desaster. Medien-Tsunami und Polit-GAU verwuesten die Stromversorgung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ermecke, Klaus

    2011-10-15

    The author states that that Fukushima accident has shown that severe accident are controllable even in case of deficient planning. The crisis in Fukushima had Japan specific origin and was the result of severe carelessness. The German and Swiss safety technology would have prevented the escalation of the crisis. Fukushima delivers extensive experiences for the further improvement of infrastructure, training and accident management. The German phaseout hysteria is according to the author not based on facts.

  13. The German lignite industry. Historical development, resources, technology, economic structures and environmental impact. Study; Die deutsche Braunkohlenwirtschaft. Historische Entwicklungen, Ressourcen, Technik, wirtschaftliche Strukturen und Umweltauswirkungen. Studie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2017-05-15

    Lignite has a key role to play in the transformation of the energy system due to its specific structural features in terms of industry, company history, policy, economics, the environment and regional structures. Understanding these structural features of the German lignite industry is an important requirement for classifying the significance of the lignite industry up to now and for the redesigning of this industrial sector. From these environmental, economic and regulatory structural characteristics, which are interwoven in a variety of ways, the incentives arise for the mining and power plant operators to react to energy price signals or energy policy steering. The aim of this research study is to define these structural features, to compile comprehensively the basic data and information that is not always transparently available, to understand the interactions, to enable the navigation of issues that are partly very complex, and to classify into the long-term developments that are especially important for political and social processes. In 2016 approx. 12 percent of German primary energy consumption was met using lignite. At the same time, lignite has the highest carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of the fossil fuels; it currently accounts for approx. 19 percent of Germany's total greenhouse gas emissions as well as approx. 46 percent of the total CO2 emissions of the electricity sector. As a result of the mining of lignite and its conversion into electricity, substantial adverse impacts beyond the entry of greenhouse gases into the Earth's atmosphere arise for other environmental media. These impacts include half of Germany's mercury emissions, approx. a third of its sulfur dioxide emissions and approx. a tenth of its nitrogen oxide emissions. Lignite mining in open-cast mines takes up a substantial amount of landscape and soil and requires huge interventions in the water balance. Relatively high costs arise for the recultivation and rehabilitation of the open-cast areas; these costs are generated during the operation of open-cast mines and the connected power plants and must be securely made available for the post-operational phase. In addition, land for settlements and transport is also utilized, which leads to (cost-intensive) diversions of transport infrastructures and resettlements with all the accompanying consequences for local communities, etc. Industrial-scale mining of lignite is performed over the last 130 years and its conversion into electricity in large-scale power plants over about the last 100 years has made a significant contribution to the energy supply in Germany. It has been used above all for heating with lignite briquettes, for fuel production during the various phases of self-sufficiency efforts in Germany and from the mid-twentieth century onwards for electricity production, which constitutes the predominant use of lignite in Germany today. The decrease in lignite production, which resulted mainly from the (energy) economic adjustment process and the collapse of the sales market for lignite briquettes in the German federal states, already reached a (temporary) end at the turn of the millennium. In contrast to other areas of electricity generation, fuel costs are not just a matter of quantity-related cost items; for lignite, much more complex economic considerations and incentive effects arise due to the extensive consideration of variable and fixed cost components. As a result of the large share of internal cost allocation processes in the integrated lignite companies, the specific economic situation of the German lignite industry is also significantly less transparent than that of electricity generating companies that obtain fuels according to the conditions of the international fuel markets. In this study, the various economic parameters and cost components of the lignite industry in Germany were analyzed using a number of sources and different methodological approaches. Fixed cost components in the production costs (approx. three quarters) are of crucial importance here, some of which cannot be reduced at all and some of which can only be reduced in the medium term (i.e. usually by 2025) if replacement investments and retrofitting investments can be avoided or the personnel decreased. In order to understand this challenge objectively, the profitability indicator LignIX was developed for electricity production from lignite in Germany. The more recent and foreseeable developments for this index show that only newer lignite-fired power plants still cover the full operating costs of the open-cast mines and power plants from the revenues on the electricity market, but can no longer earn the capital costs for investments. In the near future, older lignite power plants could face the situation that the necessary maintenance, retrofitting or expansion investments in the connected open-cast mines can no longer be refinanced and personnel costs can no longer be met; open-cast mining capacities are then decommissioned if these investments and costs can be effectively avoided.

  14. Slide bearings used in the largest dam of its kind; Vertraut auf deutsche Lager. Gleitlager im Einsatz in groesstem Staudamm seiner Art

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weber, M. [INA-Schaeffler KG, Herzogenaurach (Germany)

    2005-04-01

    China's economy is growing with incredible speed. In this relation the water power represents a splendid energy source with which the centre of China is richly blessed.is is consequently used by China's energy politicians. At present several large and many smal-ler projects are planned and built.us the dam Shuibuya too which shall start its mains operation in 2009. Until the dam is com-pleted the river Quingjiang must be diverted. In order to do this a tunnel was drilled into the adjoining mountainside. At its water feed end this tunnel is closed by a gate called a segment floodgate. For its support plain spherical bearings are used.is paper describes why this was the optimum solution. (orig.)

  15. »... daß einem leid tut, wie er aufgehört hat, deutsch zu sein« Alexander von Humboldt, Preußen und Amerika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstract in English.Within the context of the recent "Prussia Tricentennial 2001", this paper encourages a different view of Prussia by offering a new look on the writings and activities of one of its most famous citizens, Alexander von Humboldt. Starting with the traditional (and problematic image of Prussia focussed on the Hohenzollern and, above all, Friedrich II, it highlights the problems between Prussian and German historiography on one side, and the author of "Cosmos" and his world-wide prestige on the other. Interestingly enough, the tensions or misunderstandings between Alexander and his home country can be dated back to the Humboldt family, i.e. to Wilhelm from Humboldt who noted, in a letter to his wife, how his brother had "stopped to be German". Alexander von Humboldt's cosmopolitanism and the characteristic development of his scientific conceptions, building a globalized and globalizing praxis based upon a scientific network and continous comparisons in global scale, allow us to discover new dimensions in Humboldtian science and thinking as well as promising perspectives for understanding Alexander von Humboldt's role and significance for transdisciplinary science today -and a different view of Prussia and cultural identity in Europe beyond the well-known stereotypes

  16. Axel Schildt, Detlef Siegfried: Deutsche Kulturgeschichte. Die Bundesrepublik von 1945 bis zur Gegenwart. München u.a.: Carl Hanser Verlag 2009.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Eitler

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Der vorliegende Band liefert einen überaus perspektivenreichen und umfassend kontextualisierten Überblick zur Kulturgeschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Sozial- und politikhistorischen Untersuchungsfeldern widmen sich die Autoren dabei ebenso eingehend wie medien- und konsum- oder körper- und geschlechtergeschichtlichen Fragestellungen. Durchgehend auf dem Stand der neueren Forschung rücken sie dabei den Zeitraum zwischen Ende der 1950er und Mitte der 1980er Jahre ins Zentrum ihres Interesses. Notgedrungene Verkürzungen können den Eindruck dieser Pionierleistung nicht trüben.The volume at hand provides an overview of the cultural history of the Federal Republic of Germany that is exceedingly rich in perspectives and extensively contextualized. The authors devote themselves to social and political fields of study equally as well as to historical questions related to media and consumerism or body and gender. They focus their interest on the time period between the end of the 1950s and the middle of the 1980s, while consistently taking the most recent research into account. That they sometimes must abbreviate their findings does not damage the positive opinion of this pioneering study.

  17. Energy, key factor for Germany as a location of industry. Opening address at the 2006 winter meeting of the Deutsches Atomforum e.V

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hohlefelder, W.

    2006-01-01

    Current events have placed energy at the very top on the political agenda. Electricity and heat supplies cannot be taken for granted. A conclusive long-term energy concept urgently needs to be developed to provide a stable and, above all, reliable framework. The coming Energy Summit is hoped to pave the way for that concept. Germany can gain advantages as a location of industry only by becoming more and more independent of politically unstable regions, i.e. above all by using a broad energy mix. In this respect, which is decisive in ensuring Germany's future, nuclear power must not be left out of consideration. (orig.)

  18. Prinzipien der Literaturdidaktik: Deutsch als Fremdsprache am Beispiel lyrischer Texte (Principles of Teaching Literature. German as a Foreign Language, Using Lyric Poetry as a Text).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kussler, Rainer

    1980-01-01

    Suggests criteria for the selection of poems, considering their value in throwing light upon the target culture, and considering the "changed level of knowledge" of present-day foreign learners. The basic communicative element in the reception of literature is graphically stated. A sample teaching unit sketches pupil-teacher dialogs. (IFS/WGA)

  19. Muusikamaailm : Luigi Nono 75. sünniaasta. Junge Deutsche Philharmonie ئ 25. Hispaania muusika Saarimaal. Marilyn Horne lahkub lavalt / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    L. Nono 75. sünniaastapäeva tähistamisest Itaalias ja Saksamaal. Saksa orkestri tegevusest. 27.mail algavatest Saarimaa muusikapidustustest Saksamaal, mis on pühendatud hispaania muusikale. M. Horne lauljategevusest

  20. Opening address at the 2006 winter meeting of the Deutsches Atomforum e.V.. Energy, key factor for Germany as a location of industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hohlefelder, W.

    2006-01-01

    Current events have placed energy at the very top of the political agenda. Electricity and heat supplies cannot be taken for granted. A conclusive long-term energy concept urgently needs to be developed to provide a stable and, above all, reliable framework. The coming Energy Summit is hoped to pave the way for that concept. Germany can gain advantages as a location of industry only by becoming more and more independent of politically unstable regions, i.e., above all by using a broad energy mix. In this respect, which is decisive in ensuring Germany's future, nuclear power must not be left out of consideration. A reassessment of nuclear power can be based on these fundamental statements: - In view of the rising demand for energy worldwide, no energy resource may be left out. - It is wrong to postulate a contrast between renewables and nuclear power. - Nuclear power makes a decisive contribution to the continuity of supply. Worldwide uranium reserves are good not only for 40-60 years but at least for 200 years, and their share in generating costs is minimal. - The CO 2 objectives can only be met by using nuclear power, renewable energy resources, achieving higher efficiency, and through saving energy. - There is no reason to doubt the safety of German nuclear power plants. - Opting out of the use of nuclear power would lead to a shortage in electricity generation, at least temporarily. - Solving the waste and spent fuel disposal problem is a political rather than a technical issue. - Nuclear power is a technology for the future. (orig.)

  1. Nuclear power for Germany as an industrial location (report about the Winter meeting held by the Deutsches Atomforum in Bonn on January 25 and 26, 1994)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1994-01-01

    The report summarizes the essential aspects of the lectures presented to the Winter Meeting which, for the first time after the talks for a political consensus about nuclear power have failed, offered a platform to the authors of the lectures, who come from the sectors of politics, economy or industry, to present their point of view to the conference participants, who either are experts in nuclear technology or whose professions in politics, science or industry have a great deal to do with nuclear power. (orig./UA) [de

  2. Maurice Wilmotte (1861–1942, „le plus français des Belges“, und die deutsche Romanistik (mit einem Anhang unveröffentlichter Briefe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Rutger Hausmann

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Der aus Lüttich stammende Marc Wilmotte gilt heute als der Begründer der belgischen Romanistik. Seine als Student in Paris bzw. Halle a.S., Berlin und Bonn gemachten Erfahrungen fasste er in einer Denkschrift zusammen, die er im Jahr 1886 dem Brüsseler Ministerium des Inneren und des öffentlichen Unterrichtswesens einreichte, das den Fünfundzwanzigjährigen mit der Ausbildung in den romanischen Sprachen betraute. Wilmotte erkannte die Qualität der deutschen Universität zwar durchaus an, stand aber als überzeugter Belgier und Wallone Frankreich viel näher. Nach Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkriegs und der widerrechtlichen Besetzung seiner Heimat ging Wilmotte zu Deutschland auf Distanz. Seine Briefe an den Halleschen Lehrer Hermann Suchier und ausgewählte Publikationen ermöglichen eine Rekonstruktion dieses Prozesses, der sich auch bei anderen ausländischen Romanisten beobachten lässt, die zuvor an deutschen Universitäten studiert hatten.

  3. Ansätze zur Darstellung nicht- und schwach idiomatischer verbonominaler Wortverbindungen in der zweisprachigen (Lerner-Lexikografie Deutsch-Finnisch (Beschreibung eines Forschungsvorhabens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heine, Antja

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The study focuses on verb-noun-connections of the type verb + subject (accusative and verb + preposition + subject. They will be described systematically, among themselves and in relation to free word connections. The units to be examined will be taken from electronic corpora. They will be analysed with regard to their utilisation. The second part of the research project focuses on the elaboration of Finnish analogies to these units, asking, whether the results can be used for bilingual lexicography (German-Finnish.

  4. Institutional failures and transaction costs of Bulgarian "private research institutes". Kiel und Hamburg : ZBW – Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft.

    OpenAIRE

    Nozharov, Shteryo

    2016-01-01

    Abstract: The paper analyses the reasons for poor performance of private research institutes in Bulgaria. In this regard the Institutional Economics methods are used. A connection between smart growth policy goals and Bulgarian membership in EU is made. The gaps in the institutional environment are identified as well as measures for their elimination are proposed. The main accent of the study is put on the identification of transaction costs, arisen as a result of the failures of the institut...

  5. Social costs of the inefficient management of the EU funds for Bulgaria, Kiel und Hamburg: ZBW – Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft

    OpenAIRE

    Nozharov, Shteryo

    2016-01-01

    Abstract: The study identifies and defines the social costs of the inefficient management of EU funds for Bulgaria. It is analyzed the last due programme period (2007-2015) and its prolongation. As methodology of the research the V4 BM model of Al-Debei and Avison (2010) which has not been used for analysis of EU funds management for cohesion policy in the public sector, is applied. In this way its potential for application in this field is tested. The concept of the study could be successful...

  6. Auslandsberichterstattung nach dem 11. September 2001: Bewertung der deutschen Medienberichterstattung durch deutsche, US-amerikanische, afghanische und türkische Rezipienten

    OpenAIRE

    Maier, Michaela

    2003-01-01

    Den 11. September 2001 wird die Welt nicht vergessen: Die Terroranschläge islamischer Fundamentalisten auf das World Trade Center in New York und das Pentagon in Washington kostete unzähligen Menschen das Leben. Für die Medien handelte es sich um Ereignisse mit außerordentlich hohem Nachrichtenwert. Das außergewöhnliche Medienereignis pulverisierte jede journalistische Routine. Wie verlief der Prozess der Medienberichterstattung und die Mediennutzung im Krisenfall? Wie ist die Qualität der Me...

  7. Electrical service by Deutsche Bahn in 2012 at home and in central Europe; Elektrischer Betrieb bei der Deutschen Bahn im Jahre 2012 im Inland und in Mitteleuropa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kiewert, Frank [Deutsche Bahn AG, Berlin (Germany). Konzernentwicklung - Konjunktur, Verkehrsmaerkte und Wettbewerber; Eickhoff, Ursula [Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Netz AG (GKl 2), Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Bittlingmayer, Gerd [Deutsche Bahn AG, DB ProjektBau GmbH, Efringen Kirchen (Germany); Kroetz, Werner [Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Netz AG, Frankfurt am Main (Germany). Oberleitung und Maschinentechnik; Lemke, Martin [Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Energie GmbH, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Kuerbel, Christopher [Deutsche Bahn AG, Frankfurt am Main (Germany). Vorstandsressort Technik, Systemverbund und Dienstleistungen, Beschaffung Schienenfahrzeuge (TEF); Trockels, Ingo [Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Systemtechnik GmbH, Brandenburg-Kirchmoeser (Germany). Infrastruktur Fahrzeuginstandhaltung; Hechenberger, Alfred [Deutsche Bahn AG, DB Systemtechnik GmbH, Muenchen (Germany). Portfoliomanagement und Marketing

    2013-04-15

    The development of the world economy and thus world trade continued to lose momentum in 2012. The main dampening factor was the unsolved debt crisis in the Euro zone. In Germany, the passenger transport services remained approx. 1% below last year's level. Only the demand for rail passenger traffic showed some growth. The framework conditions for goods traffic were negative for Germany. The traffic power decreased about nearly 2% and in the rail goods traffic by about 3%. The investments made by DB Netz regarded the existing infrastructure as well as new and extended rail sections. They served the preservation and renewal of the infrastructure and the simultaneous introduction of new technologies. In order to achieve the predicted goods traffic growth, sufficient network capacities are planned to be provided in the years to come. In the field of rail power supply, selected electro-technical installations will be renewed. The network control system of the main system control centre will be replaced and receives new functions in the network operation control optimising tools. In national and international markets, DB Systemtechnik offers railway transport companies and rail industry businesses special railway know-how packages. (orig.)

  8. Impacts of the EC integration on the German power supply. Final report; Auswirkungen der EU-Integration auf die deutsche Energieversorgung. Endbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horn, M.; Kempfert, C.; Kohlhaas, M. [Deutsches Inst. fuer Wirtschaftsforschung, Berlin (Germany). Abteilung Energie, Verkehr, Umwelt; Engerer, H.; Hirschhausen, C. von; Zechmann, G. [Deutsches Inst. fuer Wirtschaftsforschung, Berlin (Germany). Abteilung Weltwirtschaft; Kalashnikov, V.

    2006-07-15

    With the incorporation of countries in Eastern Europe into the European Community, a further growing together of power industries of those countries involved is initiated. The authors of the contribution under consideration report on the impacts of the EC integration on the German power supply. The new and future Eastern European member states of the European Community do not have natural advantages in comparison to the Federal Republic of Germany with respect to the power supply. The differences in the labour costs are greater than the differences in the energy costs. Therefore, adaptation problems due to the extension of the European Community to the East predominantly are to be expected with labour intensive production. Adaptation processes released by the entry into the European community contribute to a dismantling of the cost differences between the old and new member countries. Cost differences in the production of petroleum products in refineries and of electrical power in power stations are harmonized on a long-term basis by harmonization of the environmental protection requirements. The continuing national competencies particularly in the energy policy and the different use of individual energy resources and energy engineering will prevent a complete adaptation of the energy costs. The overall economic effects of the energy-industrial integration of the new and future Eastern European member countries will be low for the Federal Republic of Germany.

  9. World environmental policy. Conceptual approaches of German political science in response to the challenges of Global Change; Weltumweltpolitik - Global Change als Herausforderung fuer die deutsche Politikwissenschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biermann, F. [Potsdam-Institut fuer Klimafolgenforschung (PIK), Potsdam (Germany); Dingwerth, K. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Fachbereich Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften

    2001-12-01

    This paper describes, first, the international community of social scientists working on global change, and elaborates on possible contributions to this community by German political scientists. Second, the paper examines three new conceptual approaches to analysing global change, namely the Syndromes of Global Change approach, Earth System Analysis, and Sustainability Science. The paper then elaborates on a number of ways in which German political science could respond to the academic and political challenges posed by global change. It concludes by emphasizing the need for a new approach, focusing on 'world environmental policy analysis' that would bridge traditional (environmental) policy analysis, international relations research, and comparative politics. (orig.) [German] Der Aufsatz beschreibt die Wissenschaftslandschaft der internationalen sozialwissenschaftlichen Global-Change-Forschung mit besonderem Augenmerk auf moegliche Beitraege der deutschen Politologie. Mit den 'Syndromen des Globalen Wandels', der 'Erdsystemanalyse' und der 'Nachhaltigkeitswissenschaft' werden drei neuere konzeptionelle Innovationen vorgestellt, mit denen der Herausforderung des Globalen Wandels begegnet werden soll. Anschliessend werden Wege skizziert, wie die Politikwissenschaft auf die neuen gesellschaftlichen und wissenschaftlichen Probleme des Globalen Wandels reagieren koennte. Eine Schlussfolgerung ist ein Plaedoyer fuer die Entwicklung einer eigenstaendigen Weltumweltpolitik-Analyse an der Schnittstelle von traditioneller Policy-Analyse, Internationalen Beziehungen/Aussenpolitik sowie Komparatistik. (orig./CB)

  10. Der Homo migrans der Früren Neuzeit. Die böhmischen Exulanten und die neuere deutsche Migrations- und Exilforschung

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lisá, Martina

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 49, č. 25 (2011), s. 221-240 ISSN 0231-5955 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA800090802 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : exile , , * migration * Bohemian exile s Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  11. Universitäten zwischen Mehrsprachigkeit und „international English“ – Sprachideologien und Einstellungen des Personals finnischer Universitäten zu Mehrsprachigkeit und Deutsch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Ylönen

    2017-10-01

    Traditionally, multilingualism is valued in Finland. However, in an age of globalisation and internationalisation, with English as a lingua franca, it is worth asking what value languages other than English have. The aim of this study was to gauge the attitudes of Finnish university personnel towards the use of languages other than English, particularly German, thus revealing widespread language ideologies. The data for this study was comprised of approximately 2000 open-ended responses to a survey on the role of languages amongst Finnish university personnel in 2009. Content analysis was used to analyse the responses. The findings of this analysis showed that an ideology of multilingualism was clearly more widespread than an English-only ideology, and that the image of German has not as rapidly declined as the knowledge and use of the language. Despite this, the ideology of language use being connected to disciplines strongly persists.

  12. Birgit Steinbügl: Deutsch-englische Kollokationen: Erfassung in zweisprachigen Wörterbüchern und Grenzen der korpusbasierten Analyse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Smit

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the role of collocations in dictionary use, and the extent to which users' needs are taken into account in the process of dictionary writing. Steinbügl decided to concentrate on bilingual dictionaries, because this type of dictionary is relatively less well explored in metalexicographical literature. German-English examples are analysed and evaluated. Instead of selecting examples randomly, she uses a comparative corpus of 200 collocations she put together herself in accordance with scientific reasons explained in detail. She questions the selection of collocations from existing corpora for her purposes, because these corpora are based on competing collocational theories. In order to come to meaningful conclusions, she prefers to delineate her own research approach, also however investigating the structures of bilingual dictionaries and dictionary articles, as well as situations of dictionary use.

  13. Unter welchen Umständen würden deutsche Landwirte gentechnisch veränderten Raps anbauen? Ein Discrete-Choice-Experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Breustedt, Gunnar; Muller-Scheessel, Jorg; Meyer-Schatz, Henrika Marie

    2007-01-01

    We examine the factors affecting the willingness of German farmers to adopt genetically modified (GM) oilseed rape after the pending commercial release of GM varieties. The analysis is based mainly on a web-based Discrete Choice Experiment with 217 oilseed rape growers in Germany. The determinants of adoption were estimated with the use of a multinomial probit model. Results indicate a significant impact of economic determinants on the adoption willingness: the difference in gross margins bet...

  14. Komm, Lass dir was erzahlen. Versuch einer Methodologie zum Geschichtenerzahlen fur Deutsch (A Methodology for Storytelling in the German Language Classroom).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wicke, Rainer E.

    A methodology is presented for storytelling in the elementary school German language classroom. Intended for the instructor in Alberta, this guide is illustrated with examples of types of activities and techniques useful for teaching German to the elementary school student. (JC)

  15. Holocaust und exil im gymnasialen Deutschunterricht: Ein Blick auf ein deutsches Curriculum (Holocaust and Exile in the German Class in the Gymnasium: A Look at the German Curriculum).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sajak, Clauss Peter

    1999-01-01

    The processing of Germany's Nazi past with the help of exile and holocaust literature has already been an important component of the teaching of literature in the schools of the Federal Republic of Germany for some time. This article analyzes an exemplary German curriculum for the Baden-Wuerttemberg gymnasium level. (DMK)

  16. Swiss plans for deep geological repositories for radioactive wastes - Basics for communication at the localities affected; Sachplan geologische Tiefenlager. Forschungsprojekt 'Kommunikation mit der Gesellschaft': Grundlagen fuer die Kommunikation in den Standortregionen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallego Carrera, D.; Renn, O.; Dreyer, M.

    2009-06-15

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) discusses the concept of how information concerning deep geological repositories for radioactive wastes should be presented and communicated to those in the areas which have been designated as potential sites for the repositories. Communication basics based on scientific knowledge in this area are discussed. The importance of a concept for general communication and risk-communication as a particular challenge are discussed. Trust and transparency are quoted as being indispensable in this connection. Ways of dealing with various target audiences and the media are examined. The report is concluded with a check-list that deals with important questions arising from the process of communicating information on deep geological repositories for radioactive wastes

  17. What is the right way to run a transport route infrastructure?; Wie betreibt man Verkehrswegeinfrastruktur richtig? Behoerde oder Gesellschaft nach Handelsrecht: Welche Organisation garantiert in Zeiten knapper Kassen der oeffentlichen Hand hoehere Effizienz bei gleicher Qualitaet?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scherz, Wolfgang [Hessische Landesbahn GmbH (HLB), Kassel (Germany). Infrastruktur-Agentur Hessen; Averkamp, Michael

    2010-07-01

    From the perspective of owners of publicly accessible transport route infrastructure - especially at a time when budgets are tight - there are two major questions that need to be posed and a rapid answer demanded: does a maintenance organisation established in the form of a public agency or a commercial enterprise yield better results, that is, higher and better output with declining input (agency versus company); and should an agency or transport infrastructure firm outsource all or part of its maintenance organisation (make-or-buy)? The authors, based on their experience gained in a variety of management functions in corporations and agencies as well as in executive coaching, provide quite different perspectives on these issues. (orig.)

  18. Die nuklearen Anlagen von Hanford (1943-1987) Eine Fallstudie über die Schnittstellen von Physik, Biologie und die US-amerikanische Gesellschaft zur Zeit des Kalten Krieges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macuglia, Daniele

    Die Geschichte des Kalten Krieges eröffnet viele Möglichkeiten, sich näher mit den Schnittstellen von Physik und Biologie während des 20. Jahrhunderts zu befassen. Nicht nur das Unglück in Tschernobyl aus dem Jahr 1986, auch das Beispiel der nuklearen Anlagen in Hanford in den Vereinigten Staaten zeigt die biologischen Folgen von nuklearer Physik.

  19. Climate protection in the context. The role of training and participation on the way in a climate friendly society; Klimaschutz im Kontext. Die Rolle von Bildung und Partizipation auf dem Weg in eine klimafreundliche Gesellschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zschiesche, Michael (ed.) [Unabhaengiges Inst. fuer Umweltfragen - UfU e.V., Berlin (Germany)

    2013-02-01

    In Germany, climate protection measures have been intensively discussed in the public. Within this discussion, the climate protection is considered as a fiscal or technical measure but not as a cultural challenge. Under this aspect, fourteen German social scientists report on essential questions concerning to the training processes and participation processes in context to the climate protection. Successful training and participation processes in the climate protection as well as the newest results of the environmental psychology and lifestyle research are presented.

  20. Generallandesarchiv Karlsruhe. Inventory 69, Karlruhe Nuclear Research Center. Records of the management of Kernreaktor Bau- und Betriebsgesellschaft mbH and of Gesellschaft fuer Kernforschung mbH, Karlsruhe (1956-1974)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gleitsmann, R.J.; Hochstuhl, K.; Wagner, H.; Miller, A.; Cramer, D.; Oetzel, G.

    1995-01-01

    The Karlsruhe Research Center is Germany's largest multidisciplinary research establishment in the fields of natural sciences and technology. In its relatively short period of existence, the Research Center has experienced vivid evolution and modification of original research goals, and even a profound change of the major tasks and goals laid down at the time of its foundation, which most obviously expresses itself in the change of name from Nuclear Research Center into Research Center, effective since January 1995. The wealth of important material accumulated in the archives of the Center throughout the almost 40 years of existence is a treasure for the historian and offered the tempting and useful task to process the material into a historical survey offering the many facettes of the history: in the end, the result combines an important piece of history of technology with the history of the Land of Baden-Wuerttemberg, the region, and the neighbouring city of Karlsruhe. In addition, the publication in hand also offers insight into the sociological aspects of the research work performed in the Center, and the interactive impetus of research and development in the interest of society at large. (orig./HP) [de

  1. Experimental radiotherapy unit to be established at GSI in Darmstadt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kraft, G.; Gademann, G.

    1993-05-01

    The Radiologische Universitaetsklinik, Heidelberg, the Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, GSI, Darmstadt, and the Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum (DKFZ), Heidelberg, have filed an application for a joint project intended to study the feasibility and methodology of an enhancement of radiotherapy by way of application of heavy ions and novel irradiation techniques. The experimental radiotherapy unit is to be installed at the heavy ion synchrotron of GSI. It is planned to have about 70 patients a year taking part in the clinical study extending over a period of five years. The results obtained shall be analysed to answer the following questions: - Is the technique developed suitable for clinical routine? - Are the improved dose distributions obtained with the charged particles more effective for local tumor healing than the radiation applied for conventional radiotherapy? - Can an additional clinical effect be attributed to the high-LET properties of the heavy charged particles? - Do the results indicate novel applications of the high-precision radiotherapy using heavy ions? The project is also intended to yield baseline data for defining the concept and technical conditions of heavy-ion radiotherapy as a clinical routine method and therefore also encompasses a design study for a heavy-ion accelerator exclusively for clinical applications. (orig./MG) [de

  2. Delayed immediate-type hypersensitivity to red meat and innards: current insights into a novel disease entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Jörg; Biedermann, Tilo

    2016-01-01

    The development of component-resolved diagnostics instead of whole extracts has brought about major advances in recent years. Particularly remarkable has been the identification of new disease entities based on the detection of IgE antibodies against specific individual components. In this context, delayed immediate-type hypersensitivity to red meat and innards plays a key role. This disorder is more common in German-speaking countries and likely still underdiagnosed. Affected individuals exhibit delayed type I reactions following the consumption of red meat or innards (responses to the latter are more rapid). All patients have IgE antibodies against the oligosaccharide galactose-α-1,3-galactose - alpha-gal. Those affected also have to avoid alpha-gal-containing drugs such as cetuximab or gelatin-containing colloidal solutions. Also referred to as alpha-gal syndrome, this condition is unique in that it is characterized by type I hypersensitivity to a sugar instead of a protein. Given that many patients have a history of recurrent episodes of acute urticaria or angioedema, dermatologists should be familiar with the alpha-gal syndrome. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. Quality of life and psychosocial impact of scarring and non-scarring alopecia in women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katoulis, Alexandros C; Christodoulou, Christos; Liakou, Aikaterini I; Kouris, Anargyros; Korkoliakou, Panagiota; Kaloudi, Eythymia; Kanelleas, Antonios; Papageorgiou, Charalabos; Rigopoulos, Dimitrios

    2015-02-01

    Alopecia is a common dermatological condition with mostly cosmetic consequences that, nevertheless, has significant psychological and psychosocial impact. To assess the impact of alopecia on quality of life and certain psychological domains and to compare it between scarring and non-scarring alopecia in Greek adult women. Forty-four women, aged 18-70 years, with scarring (n = 19) or non-scarring alopecia (n = 25) were recruited. All patients were evaluated by Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES) and UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLA-LS). Women with scarring alopecia had higher scores in DLQI, HADS and UCLA- LS and lower scores in RSES, compared to women with non-scarring alopecia. A statistically significant difference between the two groups was documented for DLQI (p = 0.0067), HADS (p = 0.0008), and HADS-Anxiety (HADS-A) (p alopecia compared with non-scarring alopecia, probably depicting the poorer prognosis of the former. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Obsessive-compulsive disorder in dermatology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mavrogiorgou, Paraskevi; Bader, Armin; Stockfleth, Eggert; Juckel, Georg

    2015-10-01

    Patients with obsessive-compulsive (OCD) and related disorders - primarily trichotillomania, body dysmorphic disorder, and skin picking disorder - frequently present to dermatologists due to associated hair and skin symptoms. It is therefore crucial that dermatologists be familiar with these disorders. In this review article, we provide an update on clinical features, neurobiology factors, and treatment options for OCD spectrum disorders. Employing PubMed and Cochrane Library databases, a selective literature search was conducted using keywords related to dermatological disorders within the OCD spectrum. OCD and its related disorders share several phenomenological as well as pathophysiological similarities, thus warranting their classification within a separate nosological category of psychiatric disorders. Another similarity of OCD spectrum disorders is the frequent concurrence of hair and skin diseases. Besides symptomatic dermatological treatment, the combination of psychotherapy (behavioral therapy) and psychopharmacotherapy (SSRIs) may be helpful. Although recent insights into OCD have contributed to a better understanding and treatment thereof, more research is required, especially with respect to OCD spectrum disorders, for which large controlled treatment studies are still lacking. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Phrynoderma and acquired acrodermatitis enteropathica in breastfeeding women after bariatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monshi, Babak; Stockinger, Theresa; Vigl, Kornelia; Richter, Leo; Weihsengruber, Felix; Rappersberger, Klemens

    2015-11-01

    Women who have undergone bariatric surgery are susceptible to nutritional deficiencies in subsequent pregnancies. We highlight the importance of dermatologists in the early recognition of cutaneous signs of malnutrition occurring in this specific clinical setting. We compare clinical characteristics of two young women with dermatological signs of combined post-gestational nutritional deficiencies following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Patient 1 exhibited follicular papules on the extremities, perianal eczema, perlèche, alopecia, and depigmentation of hair. Patient 2 showed erythematous plaques in genitoanal and acral areas, perlèche, diffuse alopecia, and depigmentation of hair. Based on clinical and histopathological findings, decreased vitamin A (patient 1) and zinc levels (patient 2), we diagnosed phrynoderma and acquired acrodermatitis enteropathica, respectively. Comparison of the two patients revealed that both (i) were lacking follow-up after gastric bypass surgery, (ii) developed skin lesions as primary symptoms with (iii) mixed clinical manifestations due to combined deficiencies, and (iv) experienced initial symptoms during lactation suggesting a causal relationship. Our observations highlight the potentially increased risk of women to develop post-gestational dermatological manifestations of malnutrition following bariatric surgery. The awareness of dermatologists with respect to this emerging, susceptible patient group may help avert damage to mother and child. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Potential drug-drug interactions and adverse drug reactions in dermatological inpatients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Lukas; Kränke, Birger; Aberer, Werner

    2016-11-01

    To present information on the frequency of drug-drug interactions and adverse drug reactions, and to provide assistance on how to minimize these major problems in the pharmacological treatment of dermatological inpatients. The medications given to 1,099 dermatological inpatients were retrospectively analyzed for drug-drug interactions and adverse drug reactions using web-based drug interaction software (Diagnosia ® Check). We report an overall frequency of relevant drug-drug interactions of 51.7 %, with an average of 3.2 interactions per affected inpatient. Drug combinations that should have been avoided were found in 5.7 % of the study population. Total drug count was the most important risk factor. Drug groups involved in the majority of interactions were analgesics, cardiovascular and antithrombotic agents, as well as antidepressants. The risk of developing adverse drug reactions was rated as "high" in 53.1 % of inpatients. The top five adverse reactions in this patient group were bleeding, constipation, anticholinergic effects, sedation, and orthostatic effects. Potential drug-drug interactions as well as adverse drug reactions are alarmingly common in dermatological inpatients. Every other patient is at risk of experiencing such interactions or adverse reactions, and every twentieth patient receives a drug combination that should not be administered. Increased alertness is a must in order to identify patients at risk. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. Survey zu sensibilisierenden Inhaltsstoffen von oxidativen Haarfarben (Konsumenten- und Kabinettware) in Deutschland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirchlechner, Stephan; Hübner, Anja; Uter, Wolfgang

    2016-07-01

    Bestandteile oxidativer Haarfarben, wie z. B. p-Toluylendiamin, sind zum einen teils hochpotente Kontaktallergene, zum anderen sind zahlreiche Verbraucher, Friseurkunden bzw. Friseure exponiert. Survey zur Exposition gegenüber aktiven Komponenten oxidativer Haarfarben in Deutschland, basierend auf der Erfassung der qualitativen Produktrezeptur nach INCI, gesondert für Konsumenten- und die in den Salons verwendete "Kabinett"-Ware, bei der auch das gemeinsame Vorkommen der Bestandteile dargestellt wird. Die 20 am häufigsten verwendeten Stoffe sind nahezu ausnahmslos starke oder sehr starke Sensibilisatoren; Spitzenreiter ist p-Toluylendiaminsulfat, das in 88 % aller Produkte enthalten ist. Zwischen Produkten im Einzelhandel und professionellen Produkten im Friseurfachhandel bestehen nur geringe Häufigkeitsunterschiede. Häufige Kombinationen bestehen zwischen p-Toluylendiamin, Resorcin sowie m-Aminophenol, wobei die Einsatzkonzentrationen, die in dieser Studie nicht untersucht werden konnten, je nach Nuance sehr unterschiedlich sind. Die univariate Betrachtung zeigt, dass die aktuelle "Friseurstoff-Reihe" der Deutschen Kontaktallergie-Gruppe das Expositions-Spektrum von Allergenen nicht gut abdeckt; überdies legen auch Ergebnisse anderer Studien nahe, dass eine Reihe weiterer Allergene getestet werden sollte. Darüber hinaus bedarf der Effekt einer kombinierten Exposition gegenüber mehreren Allergenen gleichzeitig, mit der besonderen dynamischen Allergokinetik oxidativer Haarfarben, hinsichtlich des Sensibilisierungsrisikos weiterer Forschung. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. Squamous cell carcinoma in association with a red tattoo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitz, Inge; Prymak, Oleg; Epple, Matthias; Ernert, Carsten; Tannapfel, Andrea

    2016-06-01

    Although tattoos have become exceedingly popular in recent years, only few cases of severe reactions leading to malignant transformation have been reported in the literature. This stands in contrast to the virtually innumerable number of tattoos worldwide. The composition of tattoo dyes is highly variable, and even the same colors may contain different compounds. The objective of our study was to investigate in what way tattoo dyes may potentially trigger skin cancer. We report the rare case of a 24-year-old woman who - seven months after getting a tattoo on the back of her foot - developed a squamous cell carcinoma in close proximity to the red dye used. Complications started in the form of nonspecific swelling. The lesion was histologically examined. The composition of the incorporated dye was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy in combination with energy dispersive element analysis. Thermogravimetry and powder diffraction were used for further characterization. While the tattoo dye primarily consisted of barium sulfate, traces of Al, S, Ti, P, Mg, and Cl were also detected. The analysis showed pigment granules of varying sizes. In rare cases, tattoo inks may have carcinogenic effects, which appear to be multifactorial. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Körperdysmorphe Symptome, soziale Anpassung und Motivation zu psychotherapeutischer Beratung bei ambulanten dermatologischen Patienten.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Viktoria; Fluhr, Joachim W; Schliemann-Willers, Sibylle; Elsner, Peter; Strauß, Bernhard; Stangier, Ulrich

    2016-09-01

    Die Dermatologie ist zunehmend mit Patienten konfrontiert, die unter einer körperdysmorphen Störung (KDS) leiden. Die KDS ist gekennzeichnet durch die übermäßige Beschäftigung mit einem oder mehreren wahrgenommenen Defekten oder Makeln in der äußeren Erscheinung, die für andere nicht oder allenfalls minimal erkennbar sind. Bislang gibt es nur wenige Prävalenzstudien bei KDS im ambulanten dermatologischen Setting. Darüber hinaus wurde die Motivation zu psychotherapeutischer Beratung bei ambulanten dermatologischen Patienten mit körperdysmorphen Symptomen noch nicht systematisch erfasst. Ziel der vorliegenden Studie war daher, die Häufigkeit körperdysmorpher Symptome, die soziale Anpassung sowie die Motivation zu psychotherapeutischer Beratung bei ambulanten dermatologischen Patienten zu untersuchen. 252 ambulante Patienten einer Universitäts-Hautpoliklinik wurden konsekutiv rekrutiert und mittels Dysmorphic Concerns Questionnaire, Soziale Aktivität Selbstbeurteilungs-Skala sowie Veränderungsstadien-Skala untersucht. 7,9 % der unselektierten Gesamtstichprobe erzielten Testresultate, die auf klinisch relevante körperdysmorphe Symptome hinweisen. Patienten mit klinisch relevanten körperdysmorphen Symptomen wiesen eine geringe soziale Anpassung auf. Entgegen den Erwartungen zeigten sie eine hohe Veränderungsmotivation und Bedarf an Psychotherapie. Die Ergebnisse bestätigen die bisherigen Prävalenzraten bei KDS im ambulanten dermatologischen Setting und verdeutlichen die Notwendigkeit psychotherapeutischer Beratungsangebote in der Dermatologie. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. Report on the fuel cycle centre for spent fuel elements from nuclear power plants in the Federal Republic of Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1977-01-01

    The report takes into account the contents of the safety report which was presented on March 31st, 1977 to the Social Minister of Lower Saxony by the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Wiederaufbereitung von Kernbrennstoffen mbH, Hanover, together with the application for a licence for the construction and operation of a fuel cycle centre. However, the report is not to be seen as the brief description of the facility, as it is required according to section 3, sub-section 3 of the AtVfV (Nuclear Installations Ordinance). It is more introductory information. Statements and drafts are preliminary; they have neither been decided on nor have they been licensed. However, the report gives a survey of the present state-of-the-art and of planning activities concerning the nuclear fuel cycle centre, while paying special attention to data relevant to the site. The government of Lower Saxony has proposed as a preliminary site on Febr. 22nd, 1977 an area near Gorleben in the rural district of Luechow-Dannenberg. The Federal government has adopted this proposal on July 5th, 1977. (orig.) [de

  11. [Sports medicine in Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickhuth, H-H

    2005-08-01

    Sports medicine covers many different aspects, ranging from clinical specialties, such as internal medicine, orthopedics or pediatrics to physiology and sports sciences. The requirements for sports medicine evolve mainly from exercise physiology (elite, leisure and health oriented physical activity), orthopedics and traumatology as well as from preventive and rehabilitative issues. In the new German curriculum, sports medicine is defined as a subspecialty. Historically, sports medicine in Germany has a federal structure with a governing body (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sportmedizin und Prävention). Due to these facts, University Departments of Sports Medicine (which vary greatly in size and performance) are either attached to Medical or non-Medical Faculties, such as Sports Sciences. In medical schools, sports medicine can be selected as an elective subject. However, the main part of teaching sports medicine is covered by Sports Science Faculties. In an international context, the strength of German sports medicine is its clinical orientation and close cooperation with the sport itself, especially high-performance sports. In the future, like in the Anglo- American countries, sports medicine in Germany will play a major role in health prevention and rehabilitation.

  12. Analgetische Wirkungen lokalanästhetischer Salbe bei der Kryotherapie von Warzen: eine Meta-analyse randomisierter Studien.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chin-Yu; Tung, Tao-Hsin; Liu, Chia-Yu; Wang, Shu-Hui; Chi, Ching-Chi

    2018-03-01

    Lokalanästhetische Creme (LAC) wird zur Analgesie bei verschiedenen Verfahren angewendet. Ihre analgetische Wirkung bei der Kryotherapie von Warzen ist jedoch unklar. Wir untersuchten die Wirkung von LAC bei der Kryotherapie von Warzen. Wir erstellten eine systematische Übersicht und Meta-analyse randomisierter kontrollierter Studien (RCTs) zu Wirkungen von LAC bei der Kryotherapie von Warzen. Dazu haben wir MEDLINE, CENTRAL und EMBASE am 31. März 2017 nach relevanten RCTs durchsucht. Zwei Autoren wählten unabhängig voneinander die Studien aus, schätzten das Verzerrungsrisiko ab und extrahierten Daten. Meinungsdifferenzen wurden durch Diskussion mit einem dritten Autor gelöst. Wir schlossen drei RCTs mit 228 Teilnehmern ein. Zwei dieser RCTs bergen ein hohes Risiko einer selektiven Berichterstattung (reporting bias), wobei bei einer der beiden Studien auch das Risiko anderer Bias hoch ist. Lokalanästhetische Creme senkte bei Kindern den Schmerz bei der Kryotherapie von Warzen auf verhornter Haut (visuelle Analogskala, mittlere Differenz -20,80; 95 % - Konfidenzintervall -40,71 bis -0,89), jedoch nicht bei Erwachsenen oder auf nicht verhornter Haut von Erwachsenen oder Kindern. Die routinemäßige Verwendung von LAC ≤ 60 min bei der Kryotherapie von Warzen wird nicht durch Literaturbelege gestützt. © 2018 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Analgesic effects of local anesthetic cream in cryotherapy for warts: a meta-analysis of randomized trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chin-Yu; Tung, Tao-Hsin; Liu, Chia-Yu; Wang, Shu-Hui; Chi, Ching-Chi

    2018-03-01

    Local anesthetic cream (LAC) has been used for analgesia in various procedures. However, the analgesic effect of LAC in cryotherapy for warts is unclear. We aimed to evaluate the effects of LAC in cryotherapy for warts. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of LAC in cryotherapy for warts. We searched MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and EMBASE on 31 March 2017 for relevant RCTs. Two authors independently selected trials, assessed risk of bias, and extracted data. Disagreement was resolved by discussion with a third author. We included three RCTs with 228 participants. Two included RCTs had a high risk of reporting bias, with one having a high risk of other bias as well. Use of LAC decreased the pain associated with cryotherapy for warts on the hardened skin of children (visual analogue scale, mean difference -20.80, 95 % confidence interval -40.71 to -0.89), but not in adults or on the nonhardened skin of either adults or children. The available evidence does not support the routine use of LAC applied for ≤ 60 min in cryotherapy for warts. © 2018 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Nagelbefall kann bei Patienten mit Psoriasis auf eine Enthesiopathie hinweisen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellanos-González, Maria; Joven, Beatriz Esther; Sánchez, Julio; Andrés-Esteban, Eva María; Vanaclocha-Sebastián, Francisco; Romero, Pablo Ortiz; Díaz, Raquel Rivera

    2016-11-01

    Obwohl subklinische Enthesiopathie ein gut etabliertes diagnostisches Merkmal der Psoriasisarthritis (PsA) ist, wird sie häufig übersehen, da viele Patienten asymptomatisch sind. Gäbe es klinische Hinweise auf das Vorliegen einer Enthesiopathie, würde dies den Klinikern die Möglichkeit eröffnen, eine PsA frühzeitig zu diagnostizieren. Es wurde eine monozentrische prospektive Studie mit insgesamt 90 Psoriasis-Patienten durchgeführt, um mittels Ultraschall das Vorliegen von Enthesenanomalien zu untersuchen und eine Korrelation mit dem Befall der Nägel festzustellen. Enthesenanomalien wurden bei 23 Patienten (25,5 %) gefunden, von denen 19 (82,6 %) Nagelbefall aufwiesen. Bei 4 Patienten waren die Nägel nicht betroffen. Enthesiopathie lag bei 31,1 % (19/61) der Patienten mit Onychopathie vor, von den Patienten ohne Nagelbefall litten nur 13,8 % (4/29) an Enthesiopathie (p = 0,07). Zwischen dem Target-NAPSI-Score und dem Vorliegen einer Enthesiopathie bestand eine signifikante Korrelation. Eine signifikante Korrelation bestand darüber hinaus auch zwischen dem Vorliegen einer Enthesiopathie und der Anzahl der betroffenen Nägel (p = 0,035). Klinische Belege für eine Onychopathie können der Schlüssel für die frühe Diagnose einer Enthesiopathie bei Psoriasis-Patienten sein. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. Ustekinumab in der Therapie der Pustulosis palmoplantaris - Eine Fallserie mit neun Patienten.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buder, Valeska; Herberger, Katharina; Jacobi, Arnd; Augustin, Matthias; Radtke, Marc Alexander

    2016-11-01

    Die Pustulosis palmoplantaris ist eine chronisch entzündliche Hauterkrankung, die mit bedeutenden Einschränkungen der Lebensqualität und der Belastbarkeit einhergeht. Aufgrund von Zulassungsbeschränkungen und einem häufig therapierefraktären Verlauf sind die Behandlungsmöglichkeiten limitiert. Nach zuvor frustranen Therapien erhielten 9 Patienten mit Pustulosis palmoplantaris nach Ausschluss einer latenten Tuberkulose Ustekinumab (45 mg Ustekinumab bei  100 kg KG) in Woche 0, 4, 12 und 24. Reguläre Visiten erfolgten nach 4 und 12 Wochen, im weiteren Verlauf alle 12 Wochen. Das Durchschnittsalter bei Therapiebeginn betrug 48 Jahre. Drei Patienten waren männlich. Bei n  =  4 Patienten (44,4 %) wurde eine Verbesserung um 75 % des Palmoplantar-Psoriasis-Area-Severity-Index (PPPASI) erreicht. Insgesamt verbesserte sich der PPPASI nach 24 Wochen durchschnittlich um 71,6 %. Eine komplette Abheilung zeigte sich bei n  =  2 Patienten nach 24 Wochen. Bis auf lokale Injektionsreaktionen und leichte Infekte wurden keine unerwünschten Wirkungen beobachtet. Die Fallserie ist ein weiterer Beleg für die Wirksamkeit und Verträglichkeit von Ustekinumab in der Therapie der Pustulosis palmoplantaris. Zur Beurteilung der Langzeitwirkung und -sicherheit sowie der Wirksamkeit einer intermittierenden Therapie sind kontrollierte Studiendaten sowie Beobachtungen im Rahmen von Patientenregistern notwendig. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Wirksamkeit und Sicherheit von Fumarsäureestern in Kombination mit Phototherapie bei Patienten mit moderater bis schwerer Plaque-Psoriasis (FAST).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisenseel, Peter; Reich, Kristian; Griemberg, Wiebke; Merten, Katharina; Gröschel, Christine; Gomez, Natalie Nunez; Taipale, Kirsi; Bräu, Beate; Zschocke, Ina

    2017-02-01

    Die Behandlung von Psoriasis-Patienten mit einer Kombination aus Fumarsäureestern (FSE, Fumaderm ® ) und Phototherapie (UV) ist verbreitet, wurde aber im Rahmen von Studien wenig untersucht. Bisher liegen lediglich Daten aus einer kleinen Pilotstudie vor. Intention dieser Studie war, eine FSE/UV-Kombinationsbehandlung an einem größeren Patientenkollektiv mit mittelschwerer bis schwerer Psoriasis zu untersuchen. In dieser prospektiven, multizentrischen, nichtinterventionellen Studie wurden Daten von Patienten mit FSE/UV-Kombinationstherapie hinsichtlich der Wirksamkeit (PGA' PASI, DLQI, EQ-5D), Sicherheit und Dosierung über einen Zeitraum von zwölf Monaten erfasst und mit Daten einer retrospektiven Studie mit FSE-Monotherapie verglichen. Es wurden Daten von 363 Patienten ausgewertet. Unter der Kombinationstherapie verbesserten sich alle Wirksamkeitsparameter deutlich. Im Vergleich zur Monotherapie mit FSE konnte durch die Kombination mit UV ein schnellerer Wirkeintritt erzielt werden, wobei nach zwölf Monaten kein Unterschied in der Wirksamkeit bestand. Die Dauer und Art der Phototherapie zeigte keinen Einfluss auf die Wirksamkeitsparameter. Allgemein wurde die Kombinationstherapie gut vertragen. Unerwünschte Ereignisse wurden bei 7 % der Patienten berichtet. Die FSE/UV Kombinationstherapie zeigt eine gute Wirksamkeit und Verträglichkeit und kann zu einem schnelleren Wirkeintritt führen. Eine Kombinationstherapie erscheint vor allem in den ersten drei Monaten der FSE Behandlung sinnvoll. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Investigation of factors associated with health-related quality of life and psychological distress in vitiligo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonotis, Konstantinos; Pantelis, Konstantinos; Karaoulanis, Sokratis; Katsimaglis, Chrysanthos; Papaliaga, Maria; Zafiriou, Efterpi; Tsogas, Panagiotis

    2016-01-01

    Skin diseases distort the body image with possible negative effects on the quality of life and psychosocial health of patients. While vitiligo does not affect the physical well-being, it may be psychologically distressing. The present study was based on the hypothesis that particular factors might be critical regarding the adjustment to the disease. We investigated the vitiligo-related quality of life and psychological distress of 216 patients diagnosed with the disease in relation to demographic factors, disease components, and personality traits. For this purpose, we administered the self-completed questionnaires Dermatological Quality of Life Index, General Health Questionnaire, Eysenck Personality Inventory, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Statistical analysis revealed a significant positive correlation between patients' distress and health-related quality of life. Moreover, the impact of vitiligo on the quality of life was significantly associated with disease variables as well as personality traits and gender. On the other hand, psychological distress was significantly associated with personality traits and gender, but not with disease components. Our results indicate that the psychosocial adjustment to the disease is mainly influenced by subjective factors. This observation could imply the need for targeted support interventions in the treatment of vitiligo. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. DKG statement on the use of metal alloy discs for patch testing in suspected intolerance to metal implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Peter; Geier, Johannes; Dickel, Heinrich; Diepgen, Thomas; Hillen, Uwe; Kreft, Burkhard; Schnuch, Axel; Szliska, Christiane; Mahler, Vera

    2015-10-01

    Intolerance reactions to metal implants may be caused by metal allergy. However, prior to implantation, 'prophetic'/prophylactic patch testing should not be performed. Pre-implant patch testing should only be done to verify or exclude metal allergy in patients with a corresponding history. In case of implant-related complications - in particular following replacement arthroplasty - such as pain, effusion, skin lesions, reduced range of motion or implant loosening, orthopedic causes should be ruled out first. Workup of suspected metal implant allergy should then be done using the DKG standard series, which includes nickel, cobalt, and chromium preparations. Various studies assessing the usefulness of metal alloy discs for patch testing have shown this particular approach to be ineffective with respect to providing reliable information on metal allergy. Any positive reaction in such tests cannot be assigned to a specific metal contained within the alloy. Furthermore, there is a risk of broad and indiscriminate use of these readily available discs. Accordingly, given the lack of additional benefit compared to patch testing with standardized metal salt preparations, we do not recommend patch testing with metal alloy discs. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. NIC symposium 2010. Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Muenster, Gernot

    2012-01-01

    The fifth NIC-Symposium gave an overview of the activities of the John von Neumann Institute for Computing (NIC) and of the results obtained in the last two years by research groups supported by the NIC. The large recent progress in supercomputing is highlighted by the fact that the newly installed Blue Gene/P system in Juelich - with a peak performance of 1 Petaflop/s - currently ranks number four in the TOP500 list. This development opens new dimensions in simulation science for researchers in Germany and Europe. NIC - a joint foundation of Forschungszentrum Juelich, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) and Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI) - supports with its members' supercomputer facilities about 130 research groups at universities and national labs working on computer simulations in various fields of science. Fifteen invited lectures covered selected topics in the following fields: Astrophysics Biophysics Chemistry Elementary Particle Physics Condensed Matter Materials Science Soft Matter Science Environmental Research Hydrodynamics and turbulence Plasma Physics Computer Science The talks are intended to inform a broad audience of scientists and the interested public about the research activities at NIC. The proceedings of the symposium cover projects that have been supported by the IBM supercomputers JUMP and IBM Blue Gene/P in Juelich and the APE topical computer at DESY-Zeuthen in an even wider range than the lectures.

  20. Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome: an underdiagnosed genetic tumor syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinlein, Ortrud K; Ertl-Wagner, Birgit; Ruzicka, Thomas; Sattler, Elke C

    2018-03-01

    Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD, also referred to as Hornstein-Knickenberg syndrome) is an autosomal dominant tumor syndrome caused by mutations in the FLCN gene located on chromosome 17. Depending on their age, patients with BHD may exhibit various clinical signs and symptoms. Disease severity can vary greatly among members of the same family. Early symptoms include basal lung cysts, which can lead to recurrent spontaneous pneumothoraces. The majority of patients (> 90 %) develop multiple fibrofolliculomas, especially on the face and upper trunk, in the second or third decade of life. Given the 12-34 % lifetime risk of developing benign or malignant renal tumors, targeted screening programs are prognostically crucial. While these renal tumors may belong to various histological subtypes, common variants include multifocal - sometimes bilateral - chromophobe and oncocytic hybrid tumors. Early diagnosis and adequate long-term care of families with BHD require interdisciplinary cooperation. © 2018 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. Birt-Hogg-Dubé-Syndrom: ein zu selten diagnostiziertes erbliches Tumorsyndrom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinlein, Ortrud K; Ertl-Wagner, Birgit; Ruzicka, Thomas; Sattler, Elke C

    2018-03-01

    Das Birt-Hogg-Dubé-Syndrom (BHD-Syndrom, eigentlich Hornstein-Knickenberg- Syndrom) ist ein autosomal dominant erbliches Tumorsyndrom, welches durch Mutationen im FLCN-Gen auf Chromosom 17 verursacht wird. Patienten mit BHD-Syndrom können altersabhängig verschiedene Symptome zeigen, deren Ausprägung auch innerhalb einer Familie unterschiedlich schwer sein kann. Ein frühes Symptom sind basal betonte Lungenzysten, welche Ursache wiederholter Spontanpneumothoraces sein können. Die Mehrheit der Patienten (> 90 %) entwickelt im mittleren Lebensalter zahlreiche Fibrofollikulome vor allem im Gesicht und am Oberkörper. Für die Prognose entscheidend ist eine gezielte Tumorvorsorge, da ein Lebenszeitrisiko von 12-34 % für benigne und maligne Nierentumoren besteht. Die Nierentumoren beim BHD-Syndrom können verschiedenen histologischen Subgruppen angehören, wobei multifokale, auch bilaterale Hybridtumoren mit chromophoben und onkozytären Anteilen häufig sind. Die frühzeitige Diagnosestellung ebenso wie die langfristige Betreuung von Familien mit BHD-Syndrom erfordern eine interdisziplinäre Zusammenarbeit. © 2018 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Volkszählung und Mikrozensus1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grohmann, Heinz

    Die Volkszählung (Zensus) ist seit langem weltweit eine statistische Erhebung über Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit. In vielen Ländern wird sie heute in etwa 10jährigem Abstand durchgeführt. In Deutschland wurde sie in den 80er Jahren zum Politikum. Datenschutzängste, verbunden mit politischen Vorgängen (Friedensbewegung), erregten die Menschen, und das Bundesverfassungsgericht steckte neue Grenzen ab. Nach kontroversen Auseinandersetzungen, an denen die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft (DStatG) konstruktiv beteiligt war, kam es zur Volkszählung 1987. Den nachfolgenden Paradigmenwechsel hin zu einem registergestützten Zensus 2011 hat die DStatG ebenfalls kreativ mitgestaltet. Im Beitrag wird dieser Weg nachgezeichnet. Das neue Konzept wird vorgestellt und kritisch gewürdigt. Betroffen war auch der Mikrozensus als größte Bevölkerungs- und Arbeitsmarktstichprobe zwischen den Zensen. Nicht zuletzt durch das Wirken eines wissenschaftlichen Beirats, dessen Mitglieder von der DStatG vorgeschlagen wurden, blieb diese Erhebung in ihrem Kern für die Zukunft erhalten.

  3. [Registries as a tool for optimizing safety of endoprostheses. Experiences from other countries and the setup of the German arthroplasty register].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassenpflug, Joachim; Liebs, Thoralf R

    2014-12-01

    There has previously been no structured long-term documentation of the results of hip and knee prosthesis operations in Germany. This article presents the objectives, structure and data flow of the newly established German arthroplasty registry (EPRD). The EPRD is run as a subdivision of the German Society for Orthopedics and Orthopedic Surgery (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und orthopädische Chirurgie, DGOOC). It is dedicated to scientific principles and guarantees independency and immediate feedback to surgeons. The cooperation between insurance funds, hospitals, industry and scientific society is the key to success. Additional data acquisition and bureaucratic formalities are limited to a minimum and in particular there is no use of paper. Involving the health insurance funds provides access to relevant routine data. The implant documentation is facilitated by means of an implant library and barcode scanning in the operating room. The EPRD documents the survival of implants including the reasons for revision. Although the highest level of patient data protection is guaranteed, individual patients can be identified in case of implant recalls.

  4. Nonsyndromic types of ichthyoses - an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traupe, Heiko; Fischer, Judith; Oji, Vinzenz

    2014-02-01

    Ichthyoses are genetically determined Mendelian disorders of cornification (MEDOC) that are characterized by universal scaling. Today we distinguish between non-syndromic and syndromic forms. Ichthyosis vulgaris is the most frequent type (prevalence 1:100) and is caused by autosomal semi-dominant filaggrin mutations. It is associated with a higher risk for the development of atopic diseases, such as atopic eczema and allergic rhinitis. Recessive X-linked ichthyosis (RXLI) occurs almost exclusively in boys; in Germany it has a prevalence of around 1:4,000. It is caused by steroid sulfatase deficiency and is often associated with further clinical problems, such as cryptorchidism (∼20%) or social communication deficits, such as attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome (40%) or autism (25%). Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) is genetically very heterogeneous and 8 different genes have been identified so far. The most frequent cause of ARCI is a transglutaminase 1 deficiency (prevalence 1:200, 000). Mutations in keratin genes are the cause of the keratinopathic ichthyoses, such as epidermolytic ichthyosis. They manifest at birth and often feature episodes of blistering. Most of these types are inherited as autosomal dominant traits, but autosomal recessive forms have also been described on occasion. © 2014 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Azelaic acid 20 % cream: effects on quality of life and disease severity in adult female acne patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kainz, Julius Thomas; Berghammer, Gabriele; Auer-Grumbach, Piet; Lackner, Verena; Perl-Convalexius, Sylvia; Popa, Rodica; Wolfesberger, Barbara

    2016-12-01

    Data on the efficacy of acne treatments and their impact on quality of life (QoL) in adult patients is sketchy. Assessment of the efficacy of azelaic acid 20 % cream (Skinoren ® ) on acne severity and disease-related QoL. Noninterventional study in adult female patients with mild to moderate acne. Efficacy variables included DLQI and acne severity on the face, chest, and back using the Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) scale (grade 1 = nearly clear skin; 2 = mild acne; 3 = moderate acne). Visits were scheduled at baseline, at 4-8 weeks, and at twelve weeks. Of the 251 women enrolled, 59 % had grade 1 acne at baseline; 31 %, grade 2; and 10 %, grade 3; the most commonly affected area of the body was the face (IGA grades 2 or 3: 79 %). After twelve weeks, there was significant improvement of acne on the face (IGA grades 0 or 1: 82 %), chest, and back. Median DLQI decreased from nine at baseline to five after twelve weeks. Ninety percent of physicians and patients rated the tolerability of the treatment as very good or good. Treatment with azelaic acid 20 % cream significantly improves acne severity and disease-related QoL in adult women. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Diagnostic relevance of direct immunofluorescence in ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehra, Tarun; Guenova, Emmanuella; Dechent, Frieder; Würth, Florian; Zierhut, Manfred; Röcken, Martin; Schaller, Martin; Deuter, Christoph

    2015-12-01

    The objective was to determine the diagnostic value of direct immunofluorescence (DIF) in ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid (ocular MMP), taking into account immunofluorescence patterns and biopsy sites. DIF results and medical records of 54 patients with a suspected diagnosis of ocular MMP were reviewed. There was an overall prevalence of ocular MMP in 70.4 % of cases. Linear deposition of IgA, IgG, or C3 showed a high positive predictive value (84-100 %). Sensitivity and negative predictive value of IgG, IgM, IgG, and C3 in DIF were higher in cutaneous samples than in conjunctival biopsies, thus yielding a higher diagnostic accuracy. The sensitivity of DIF in ocular MMP seems to be lower than in bullous pemphigoid. The diagnostic value of DIF in the workup of ocular MMP was confirmed. However, biopsies taken from non-conjunctival, cutaneous tissue appear to yield more accurate results. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. Green tea in dermatology--myths and facts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zink, Alexander; Traidl-Hoffmann, Claudia

    2015-08-01

    Green tea consumption has a long tradition in Asian countries--especially China. The epidemiologically and experimentally observed anticarcinogenic and antiinflammatory effects of green tea have led to the implementation of green tea extracts in multiple therapeutic applications - both in dermatological and cosmeceutical preparations. The most abundant evidence exists for the anticarcinogenic and chemopreventive effect of green tea or its major constituent epigallocatechin-3-gallate. Almost equally evident is the effect in infectious diseases such as cutaneous viral infections. For external genital warts, a topical ointment with green tea extracts was licensed in the USA in 2010, and recently also in Europe. Experimental evidence pinpointing the block of central signal transduction factors in inflammatory mechanisms has led to the evaluation of catechins in inflammatory disorders such as atopic dermatitis. The belief of green tea as a "wonder weapon" against diseases dates back thousands of years. According to a Chinese legend, ancient Emperor Shen Nung noted a delightful aroma after some leaves of a nearby tree had fallen into boiling water. He immediately proclaimed the new "drink" as "heaven-sent", starting the belief - persisting until today - of green tea as a medication from nature against many different diseases. This review summarizes biological effects and clinical implications of green tea. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. Current diagnosis and treatment of basal cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alter, Mareike; Hillen, Uwe; Leiter, Ulrike; Sachse, Michael; Gutzmer, Ralf

    2015-09-01

    Basal cell carcinoma represents is most common tumor in fair-skinned individuals. In Germany, age-standardized incidence rates are 63 (women) and 80 (men) per 100,000 population per year. Early lesions may be difficult to diagnose merely on clinical grounds. Here, noninvasive diagnostic tools such as optical coherence tomography and confocal laser scanning microscopy may be helpful. The clinical diagnosis is usually confirmed by histology. Standard therapy consists of complete excision with thorough histological examination, either by means of micrographic surgery or, depending on tumor size and location as well as infiltration, using surgical margins of 3-5 mm or more. In particular, multiple basal cell carcinomas (such as in Gorlin-Goltz syndrome) and locally advanced as well as rarely also metastatic basal cell carcinoma may pose a therapeutic challenge. In superficial basal cell carcinoma, nonsurgical therapies such as photodynamic therapy or topical agents may be considered. In case of locally advanced or metastatic basal cell carcinoma, an interdisciplinary tumor board should issue therapeutic recommendations. These include radiation therapy as well as systemic therapy with a hedgehog inhibitor. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Rosacea Management: Update on general measures and topical treatment options.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaller, M; Schöfer, H; Homey, B; Hofmann, M; Gieler, U; Lehmann, P; Luger, T A; Ruzicka, T; Steinhoff, M

    2016-12-01

    Although there is presently no cure for rosacea, there are several recommended treatment options available to control many of the symptoms and to prevent them from getting worse. In addition to self-help measures like avoidance of trigger factors and proper skin care, rosacea management should include topical medications as one of the first-line choices for patients with erythematous and mild to severe papulopustular rosacea. Since mixed forms of characteristic rosacea symptoms are more common, medical treatment must be symptom-tailored for each individual case and will often involve a combination therapy. Approved topical agents for the major symptoms of rosacea encompass brimonidine for erythema and ivermectin, metronidazole or azelaic acid for inflammatory lesions, all of which have shown their efficacy in numerous valid, well-controlled trials. In addition, there are several other, not approved topical treatments which are possible options that require further validation in larger well-controlled studies. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. Pseudosyndactyly - an inflammatory and fibrotic wound healing disorder in recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breitenbach, Jenny; Gruber, Christina; Klausegger, Alfred; Trost, Andrea; Bogner, Barbara; Reitsamer, Herbert; Bauer, Johann W

    2015-12-01

    A genetic blistering skin disease, recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB), is marked by severe wound healing defects and finger contractures. The purpose of this investigation was to elucidate the mechanisms of impaired wound healing and pseudosyndactyly occurring in RDEB patients by studying the role of known inflammation and fibrosis markers in RDEB pseudosyndactyly tissue. We studied the expression of the fibrosis and/or inflammation markers tenascin-C, α-smooth muscle actin, transforming growth factor-β1, interleukin-1β, and interleukin-6 in scarring and nonscarring tissue from healthy donors and RDEB patients by semiquantitative real time-PCR and, where applicable, by immunoblots. Furthermore, the distribution pattern of α-smooth muscle actin and tenascin-C were assessed by immunofluorescence microscopy. Based on mRNA and protein analysis, we found upregulation of tenascin-C, interleukin-1β, and interleukin-6 - but not of transforming growth factor-β1 - in recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa scar samples taken from pseudosyndactyly hands. Unexpectedly, α-smooth muscle actin was not upregulated. Our results confirm inflammation and fibrosis in recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa, especially in scars, suggesting major roles for these processes in pseudosyndactyly. Our data therefore suggests the potential use of antiinflammatory and antifibrotic drugs in the prevention of pseudosyndactyly. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Spalthauttransplantation zur Defektdeckung am Ohr: eine statistische Analyse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thuile, Tobias; Larcher, Lorenz; Gatscher, Barbara; Schwaiger, Karl; Deluca, Jenny; Fallaha, Amgiad; Tappeiner, Lukas; Puviani, Mario; Eisendle, Klaus

    2018-02-01

    Die Rekonstruktion nach Entfernung ausgedehnter maligner Hauttumoren am Ohr ist eine Herausforderung. Verschiedene Methoden der Defektdeckung wurden beschrieben. Lappenplastiken, längere Anästhesiezeiten, geringe Compliance und Antikoagulation stellen bei den oft älteren Patienten zusätzliche Risiken dar. Eine rasch, effizient und unkompliziert durchführbare Methode der Defektdeckung ist daher wünschenswert. Ziel der Studie war die Beurteilung des ästhetischen Resultats, des Heilungsprozesses, der Komplikations- und Rezidivrate nach Transplantation ungenetzter Spalthaut (SPHT) zur Defektdeckung nach knorpelerhaltender Resektion maligner Tumoren am Ohr. 32 Patienten wurden nach Entfernung von Hauttumoren am Ohr einer Defektdeckung mittels SPHT unterzogen. Die durchschnittliche Defektgröße betrug 8,0 cm 2 . Eine vollständige Einheilung des Transplantates erfolgte in allen Fällen innerhalb von zwei Wochen. Wesentliche Komplikationen traten nicht auf. Das ästhetische Resultat wurde sowohl von den Patienten als auch von einem Dermatochirurgen und zwei plastischen Chirurgen als gut bewertet. Die SPHT am Ohr ist eine zuverlässige Methode zur Deckung ausgedehnter Hautdefekte. Selbst bei großen Tumoren des äußeren Ohres ist der Ohrknorpel nicht immer infiltriert. Eine knorpelschonende Tumorresektion mit anschließender Defektdeckung mittels SPHT ist eine ausgezeichnete und rasch durchführbare Technik mit hoher Patientenzufriedenheit. © 2018 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. [The foundation of the German Society for Child Psychiatry and Therapeutic Education – Paul Schroeder’s road to foundation chairman].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schepker, Klaus; Fangerau, Heiner

    2016-01-01

    The reconstruction of the evolutionary history of this professional association lays its focus on the developments which contributed to the society’s formal foundation during the time of the patient killings in Germany after 1939. Methodologically the study follows strategies of historical network analysis including the main actors of the foundation process. The foundation of this society can be seen as the result of the interaction of a) the Reichs-Health-Agency, its president Hans Reiter, and Fritz Rott as National Socialist health politicians, b) the scientific development geared to this policy of a young discipline that shared its knowledge base as well as its medical ‘object’ with established specialties like psychiatry and pediatrics, c) a postulated need for character studies, prognosis and selection, and d) personal as well as professional-political interests of the main protagonists Schroeder and Villinger. Once more it is obvious that medicine and politics were not only interwoven, but in certain areas in accordance with each other. Borders could rather be established between social regulatory “instances”. The foundation of the DGKH (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kinderpsychiatrie und Heilpädagogik; German Society for Child Psychiatry and Therapeutic Education) is an example of a ‘radical regulatory reasoning’ according to Raphael, that by means of “institutional arrangements at medium level” (Raphael, 2001) was supposed to implement the ‘new National-Socialist order’.

  13. Efficacy and safety of fumaric acid esters in combination with phototherapy in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis (FAST).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisenseel, Peter; Reich, Kristian; Griemberg, Wiebke; Merten, Katharina; Gröschel, Christine; Gomez, Natalie Nunez; Taipale, Kirsi; Bräu, Beate; Zschocke, Ina

    2017-02-01

    While treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis using a combination of fumaric acid esters (FAE, Fumaderm ® ) and phototherapy (UV) is common practice, there have been hardly any studies investigating this regimen. Available information is limited to data from a small pilot study. The objective of the present study was to evaluate FAE/UV combination therapy in a larger patient cohort with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. In this prospective noninterventional multicenter study, data from patients treated with FAE/UV combination therapy was assessed with regard to efficacy (PGA' PASI, DLQI, EQ-5D), safety, and dosage over a twelve-month period. The findings were subsequently compared to data from a previous retrospective study on FAE monotherapy. Data from 363 patients was included in the analysis. Efficacy measures improved substantially on combination therapy. Compared to FAE monotherapy, FAE/UV therapy led to a faster clinical response, however, there was no difference in efficacy after 12 months. Neither the duration nor the type of phototherapy had an impact on efficacy. In general, combination therapy was well tolerated. Seven percent of patients experienced adverse events. FAE/UV combination therapy is effective and well tolerated in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. Such treatment may induce a faster therapeutic response, and appears to be useful, particularly in the first three months of FAE therapy. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Urinary incontinence in women: part 1 of a series of articles on incontinence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dannecker, Christian; Friese, Klaus; Stief, Christian; Bauer, Ricarda

    2010-06-01

    Urinary incontinence can arise in a woman of any age. Its prevalence is between 10% and 40%. The main clinical problems in urogynecology are stress urinary incontinence (involuntary leakage of urine on exertion, sneezing, or coughing) and the overactive bladder syndrome (nycturia, pollakisuria, and urinary urgency with or without incontinence). Selective literature search, with special attention to large-scale studies and to the guidelines of the German Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, DGGG) and its Task Force on Urogynecology and Pelvic Floor Reconstruction (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Urogynäkologie und Beckenbodenrekonstruktion). There are many diagnostic and therapeutic options, whose use should be based on the degree of the patient's suffering and on her motivation to be treated. Anticholinergic drugs are of established value in the treatment of overactive bladder. They are used in combination with possible lifestyle changes and bladder training. In some circum-stances, botulinum toxin injections can be considered as well. Stress incontinence should be treated conservatively (with pelvic floor training) before any surgical treatment is provided. The new tension-free vaginal tapes are just as effective as classic treatments, such as colposuspension, while being less invasive and enabling a more rapid recovery. All women with urinary incontinence should undergo appropriate, specialized diagnostic evaluation and well-founded counseling in order to benefit from individualized treatment.

  15. The World Congress of Herpetology and Animal Conservation: Excerpts from the 6th World Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garner, T.W.J.; Hero, J.-M.; Jehle, R.; Kraus, F.; Muths, E.; Reed, R.N.; Vogt, R.C.; Hodl, W.

    2010-01-01

    The World Congress of Herpetology (WCH, http://www.worldcongressofherpetology.org/) is a relatively young organization as far as august herpetological societies go. It was formed in 1982, the year of the 25th meeting of the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles (founded in 1958), which itself is a relative youngster when compared to organizations such as the American Society for Ichthyology and Herpetology (founded in 1913) or Die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Herpetologie und Terrarienkunde e. V. (originally founded in 1918 under a different name). Despite its youth, the WCH has accomplished much during its relatively short existence. Arguably the greatest accomplishment of the WCH was to provide the venue at the first meeting of the Congress, held in 1989 at Canterbury, UK, where numerous amphibian biologists shared tales of enigmatic declines and disappearances of amphibian study species. Undoubtedly these exchanges sparked the formation of the Declining Amphibian Populations Task Force, providing impetus for the establishment of IUCN's Global Amphibian Assessment. This assessment, along with other research, in turn confirmed that amphibians are declining at a global scale and are more threatened than any other vertebrate class comprehensively assessed to date (Houlahan et al., 2000; Stuart et al., 2004).

  16. Advances in Solid State Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Haug, Rolf

    2008-01-01

    The present volume 47 of the Advances in Solid State Physics contains the written version of a large number of the invited talks of the 2007 Spring Meeting of the Arbeitskreis Festkörperphysik which was held in Regensburg, Germany, from March 26 to 30, 2007 in conjunction with the 71st Annual Meeting of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.It gives an overview of the present status of solid state physics where low-dimensional systems such as quantum dots and quantum wires are dominating. The importance of magnetic materials is reflected by the large number of contributions in the part dealing with ferromagnetic films and particles. One of the most exciting achievements of the last couple of years is the successful application of electrical contacts to and the investigation of single layers of graphene. This exciting physics is covered in Part IV of this book. Terahertz physics is another rapidly moving field which is presented here by five contributions. Achievements in solid state physics are only rarely...

  17. Annual conference on nuclear technology. Nuclear power 2001: option for the future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2001-01-01

    The Dresden Palace for Culture was the venue of the ANNUAL MEETING ON NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY on May 15-17, 2001, the first to be held in Dresden and the first also to be held in one of the new German federal states. Although no nuclear plant is in operation in East Germany after the Greifswald Nuclear Power Station was decommissioned, nuclear technology continues to play an important role especially in research and university teaching in this part of Germany. The organizers of the conference, Deutsches Atomforum e.V. (DAtF) and Kerntechnische Gesellschaft e.V. (KTG), welcomed more than 1000 participants from nineteen countries. The three-day program, with its traditional, proven structure, featured plenary sessions on the first day, and specialized sessions, technical sessions, poster sessions, and other events on the following days. The partner country at the Annual Meeting on Nuclear Technology was Russia, with a session specially devoted to selected topics of the country. The conference was accompanied by a technical exhibition with company meeting points of vendors, suppliers, and service industries. A video film forum was arranged for the interested public which featured contributions about nuclear research, nuclear power plant operation, transport and storage as well as decommissioning. Another major event was a workshop on 'Preserving Competence in Nuclear Technology'. The plenary day is described in this summary report, while the results of the technical sessions as seen by the rapporteurs are printed elsewhere in this issue of atw 8/9, 2001. (orig.) [de

  18. Medical physics 1981

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bunde, E.

    1982-01-01

    This volume continues the series of congress publications with which the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Medizinische Physik has been completely documenting its annual meetings for some years. The meeting was aimed to show the complexity not only of the scientific specialty medical physics but also of the practical activities of medical physicists, or at least give some idea of it. The conference was centred on the following points: Possibilities of optimization and methods for re-examination of techniques used in X-ray diagnostics, nuclear diagnostics and ultrasonographic diagnostics; bases of dosimetry in practical radiotherapy, especially with a view to the plans to make gauging of therapeutical dosemeters compulsory; current state of neutron therapy and dosimetry; safety and constancy of irradiation devices in operation; planning and equipment of modern radiotherapy departments. Furthermore topics from medical optics and nuclearbiological research were dealt with. Reports were given on the clinical use of whole-body counters. Climatology and surgical research were marginally dealt with in two synoptical papers. Short reports on work currently under way completed the subject groups given and allowed insight into further topical fields of work of medical physicists in science and practice. Finally, the question of education received particular interest. (orig./MG) [de

  19. NIC symposium 2010. Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muenster, Gernot [Muenster Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik 1; Wolf, Dietrich [Duisburg-Essen Univ., Duisburg (Germany). Fakultaet fuer Physik; Kremer, Manfred (eds.) [Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (DE). Juelich Supercomputing Centre (JSC)

    2012-06-21

    The fifth NIC-Symposium gave an overview of the activities of the John von Neumann Institute for Computing (NIC) and of the results obtained in the last two years by research groups supported by the NIC. The large recent progress in supercomputing is highlighted by the fact that the newly installed Blue Gene/P system in Juelich - with a peak performance of 1 Petaflop/s - currently ranks number four in the TOP500 list. This development opens new dimensions in simulation science for researchers in Germany and Europe. NIC - a joint foundation of Forschungszentrum Juelich, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) and Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI) - supports with its members' supercomputer facilities about 130 research groups at universities and national labs working on computer simulations in various fields of science. Fifteen invited lectures covered selected topics in the following fields: Astrophysics Biophysics Chemistry Elementary Particle Physics Condensed Matter Materials Science Soft Matter Science Environmental Research Hydrodynamics and turbulence Plasma Physics Computer Science The talks are intended to inform a broad audience of scientists and the interested public about the research activities at NIC. The proceedings of the symposium cover projects that have been supported by the IBM supercomputers JUMP and IBM Blue Gene/P in Juelich and the APE topical computer at DESY-Zeuthen in an even wider range than the lectures.

  20. Gonococcal infections in Austria: a long-term observation of prevalence and resistance profiles from 1999 to 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stary, Angelika; Heller-Vitouch, Claudia; Binder, Michael; Geusau, Alexandra; Stary, Georg; Rappersberger, Klemens; Komericki, Peter; Hoepfl, Reinhard; Haller, Maria

    2015-11-01

    The increase in minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of cephalosporins for Neisseria gonorrhoeae has given rise to concerns regarding potentially untreatable gonococcal infections. The goal was to ascertain the prevalence of gonorrhea in a Viennese patient group and determine resistance patterns. Another objective was to evaluate resistance profiles and MIC values of gonococcal isolates in an Austria-wide surveillance project. From 1999 to 2014, 350,000 individuals were tested for gonococci at the Viennese Outpatient Clinic. In addition, from 2010 to 2014, the MICs of recommended antibiotics was determined in 3,584 gonococcal isolates, initially by agar dilution and breakpoint determination, and, from 2012 onwards, by Etest®. During the observation period, the prevalence of gonorrhea increased eightfold, with a significantly greater number of quinolone, penicillin, and tetracycline- resistant strains. In gonococcal strains isolated from across Austria, there was an increase in cefixime and ceftriaxone MICs toward breakpoints. Twenty-one isolates showed cefixime resistance, and while there was an increase in azithromycin resistance from 0.9 % (2013) to 3.2 % (2014), no resistance to ceftriaxone was observed. Currently, there is no imminent risk of untreatable gonorrhea in Austria. However, continuing the use of gonococcal cultures as a diagnostic tool for establishing resistance profiles is essential in order to monitor trends in the development of Neisseria (N.) gonorrhoeae resistance. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. Der Religionenvielfalt in elementarpädagogischen Bildungseinrichtungen gerecht werden. Suchbewegungen von PädagogInnen anhand von zwei Praxisbeispielen und was sich daraus folgern lässt.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Habringer-Hagleitner

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISH: The paper presents two examples of the dealing with religion and religious diversity in kindergarten. The results – which come from a kindergarten of the city of Vienna and a Caritas Kindergarten in Linz – make it clear that, from a peace-political and inclusive-pedagogical point of view supplements to the educational concepts for the elementary level are necessary. Only a pedagogy which fully perceives the family culture of the children, and therefore also addresses their religious background, may be satisfactory for the individual child in a religiously pluralistic society. DEUTSCH: Der Beitrag präsentiert zwei Beispiele für den Umgang mit Religion und religiöser Vielfalt im Kindergarten. Die Ergebnisse – die aus einem städtischen Kindergarten in Wien und einem Pfarr-Caritas Kindergarten in Linz stammen – machen deutlich, dass aus friedenspolitischer und inklusionspädagogischer Sicht Ergänzungen in den Bildungskonzepten für den Elementarbereich notwendig sind. Nur eine Pädagogik, welche die Familienkultur der Kinder umfassend wahrnimmt, und somit auch ihre religiöse Herkunft aufgreift, kann dem einzelnen Kind in einer religiös pluralen Gesellschaft gerecht werden.

  2. Fusion programme 1976-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bock, R.; Wollenberger, H.; Kaufmann, M.; Wolf, G.H.; Heinz, W.

    1981-01-01

    In 1980, the Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt, the fifth large-scale research institution to join the agreement for co-operation in the fusion-centered plasmaphysics and fusion reactor technology made between the HMI, the IPP, the KFA and the KfK in 1974. Under the project responsibility of the GSI the BMFT have investigated whether the inertial confinement with heavy ion beams can be used as an alternative pathway to the fusion reactor in the Federal Republic of Germany. As in the past years, the co-operation with universities has been maintained, where especially basic research in plasma physics has been promoted in projects financed by the centers on the one hand, and by means of the main point 'fusion-centered plasma physics' set up by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft on the other hand. The topics of these activities are listed. The summary given in this brief report singles out only a few important results of the work on magnetic plasma confinement, fusion technology and inertial confinement. This information is to be completed and depend by studying the scientific reports or individual publications of the centers. The addresses where to request these reports are listed. (orig.) [de

  3. ["Euthanasia" of children in Nazi Germany - the case of Günter Nevermannn. On the responsibility of childhood and adolescent psychiatry in the past, the present, and the future].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haack, Kathleen; Häßler, Frank; Kumbier, Ekkehardt

    2013-05-01

    «Euthanasia» was the cynical euphemism used by the Nazis to refer to the systematic murder of hundreds of thousands of mentally sick and handicapped people between 1939 and 1945, at least 6,000 of whom were children. Based on the example of Günter Nevermann, this paper provides insight into the complex acts of registering, selecting, and targeting children labelled as "inferior" and "unworthy to live." This case clearly shows that Nazi doctors were not necessarily enmeshed in some tragic conflict. Rather, apparently without any qualms, they sacrificed the sick children who had been entrusted to their care, for the ideal of obtaining a "racially healthy corpus," a term used without being questioned. Most of the perpetrators were never brought to justice, and not a few of them later held managerial positions in child and adolescent psychiatry in the two German states. Many of them were members or even honorary members of the "Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie e. V." in its present or previous form. We feel it is necessary to inform the public effectively about this state of affairs, to discover what really happened and to determine who was responsible.

  4. Ich spreche anders, aber das ist auch deutsch: línguas em conflito em uma escola rural localizada em zona de imigração no sul do Brasil Ich spreche anders, aber das ist auch deutsch: languages in conflict in a rural school located in an immigration area in the south of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maristela Pereira Fritzen

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O bilingüismo/multilingüismo como fenômeno social ainda é pouco reconhecido no cenário brasileiro, apesar de o tema ter conquistado espaço na academia. Em termos gerais, considera-se o Brasil um país monolíngüe, onde se fala apenas o português brasileiro. Há, no entanto, vários contextos de línguas minoritárias (grupos indígenas, grupos de imigrantes, zonas de fronteira, comunidades de surdos em que o uso de várias línguas é a regra. Nesses contextos sociolingüisticamente complexos há relações assimétricas e de conflito entre a língua hegemônica e as línguas minoritárias, em geral estigmatizadas. O presente estudo, parte dos resultados de uma pesquisa etnográfica, focaliza o conflito lingüístico presente em uma escola rural localizada numa comunidade bilíngüe/multilíngüe em zona de imigração alemã no sul do país, onde, ainda hoje, as crianças aprendem em casa a língua de herança, empregada em âmbito familiar e social. Com suporte teórico predominantemente vindo do bilingüismo visto de uma perspectiva social e dos Estudos Culturais, o objetivo principal deste artigo é problematizar a situação de contato/conflito lingüístico existente na região alvo da pesquisa e sua interface com questões de identidades construídas nos discursos hegemônicos. Além disso, discute-se como esses conflitos emergem nas relações interacionais entre os professores e entre alunos e professores, dentro da instituição escolar. Os registros sugerem que o bilingüismo da comunidade penetra na escola e que os conflitos lingüísticos e identitários ganham ainda mais força nas interações sociais entre os sujeitos que ali convivem.Bilingualism/multilingualism as a social phenomenon is still little recognized in the Brazilian scenario, despite it has gotten space in the academy. Usually, Brazil is seen as a monolingual country, where the Brazilian Portuguese is the only language spoken. There are, however, contexts of minority languages (indigenous groups, groups of immigrant, border regions, deaf communities in which the use of several languages is the rule. In these sociolinguistically complex contexts there are both asymmetric and conflicting relations between the hegemonic language and minority languages, usually stigmatized. This study develops itself from the results of an ethnographic research, focusing the language conflict that is present in a rural school located in a bilingual/multilingual community in a region of German immigration in the south of the country, where, even nowadays, children learn at home the inherited language, which is used in the familiar and social contexts. With a theoretical basis mostly acquired from bilingualism analyzed from a social perspective and from the perspective of the Cultural Studies, the main aim of this article is to problematize the language contact/conflict situation existing in the target region and its interface with identity questions built in the hegemonic discourses. Moreover, it is discussed the way these conflicts emerge in the interactional relations between teachers and among teachers and students within school. The data suggests that the community's bilingualism gets into school, and that the language and identity conflicts become even stronger within the social interactions among the individuals that live together in that space.

  5. Nuclear Legislation in OECD and NEA Countries. Regulatory and Institutional Framework for Nuclear Activities - Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    Committee - KTA); 3. Public and semi-public agencies (Technological Surveillance Association - Technische Ueberwachungsvereine-TUV; Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS)mbH; Karlsruhe Research Centre - Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe; Juelich Research Centre - Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH; GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht - Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH; Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin for Materials and Energy; The Electron-Synchrotron in Hamburg - Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron-DESY; Max-Planck Institute for Plasma Physics at Garching/Munich - Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik-IPP; Company for Heavy Ion Research - Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH-GSI; Rossendorf Association for Nuclear Technology and Analysis - Verein fuer Kernverfahrenstechnik und Anlaytik)

  6. Hydrochemical and geochemical processes in superficial dump sediments in Zwenkau open brown coal mine; Hydro- und geochemische Prozesse in oberflaechennahen Kippensedimenten des Braunkohlentagebaus Zwenkau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiegand, U.

    2002-07-01

    The present study was performed as part of a project titled ''Ground and air-based spectrometric studies for the differentiation of reactively altered brown coal open mining areas in Central Germany'' (Project 02 WB 9667/5) which was funded by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research. It was carried out as a cooperation between GeoForschungszentrum Potsdam (GFZ, Potsdam GeoResearch Centre), Deutsches Zentrum for Lust- und Raumfahrt (DLR, German Aerospace Centre), Gesellschaft fuer Angewandte Fernerkundung (GAF, Society for Applied Remote Sensing) and Umweltforschungszentrum Leipzig/Halle GmbH (UFZ, Leipzig/Halle Environmental Research Centre). The idea of the project was to calibrate aerial data obtained by means of spectrometric remote sensing methods using conventional petrographic, mineralogical and geochemical analysis. This would provide the mining industry with a powerful method with low time and staff requirement for reliably classifying the vast dump areas produced by open pit mining, accurately assigning findings to location data and thus identifying suitable uses for different sites. The focus of the present study was on characterising hydrochemical and geochemical alterations in dump sediments of the Zwenkau brown coal open mining area south of Leipzig in Central Germany. The collection of these data plays a decisive role in plans for cultivating and assessing the potential hazard to the open mining landscape. [German] Die vorliegende Arbeit wurde im Rahmen des BMBF-gefoerderten Projektes 'Luft- und bodengestuetzte spektrometrische Untersuchungen zur Differenzierung reaktiv veraenderter Braunkohlentagebaugebiete in Mitteldeutschland' (Vorhaben 02 WB 9667/5) als Kooperation zwischen dem GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam (GFZ), dem Deutschen Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), der Gesellschaft fuer Angewandte Fernerkundung (GAF) und dem Umweltforschungszentrum Leipzig/Halle GmbH (UFZ) angefertigt. Idee des Projektes war

  7. DEGRO practical guidelines. Radiotherapy of breast cancer I. Radiotherapy following breast conserving therapy for invasive breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sedlmayer, F.

    2013-01-01

    Background and purpose: The aim of the present paper is to update the practical guidelines for postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy of breast cancer published in 2007 by the breast cancer expert panel of the German Society for Radiooncology (Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Radioonkologie, DEGRO). The present recommendations are based on a revision of the German interdisciplinary S-3 guidelines published in July 2012. Methods: A comprehensive survey of the literature concerning radiotherapy following breast conserving therapy (BCT) was performed using the search terms 'breast cancer', 'radiotherapy', and 'breast conserving therapy'. Data from lately published meta-analyses, recent randomized trials, and guidelines of international breast cancer societies, yielding new aspects compared to 2007, provided the basis for defining recommendations according to the criteria of evidence-based medicine. In addition to the more general statements of the DKG (Deutsche Krebsgesellschaft), this paper addresses indications, target definition, dosage, and technique of radiotherapy of the breast after conservative surgery for invasive breast cancer. Results: Among numerous reports on the effect of radiotherapy during BCT published since the last recommendations, the recent EBCTCG report builds the largest meta-analysis so far available. In a 15 year follow-up on 10,801 patients, whole breast irradiation (WBI) halves the average annual rate of disease recurrence (RR 0.52, 0.48-0.56) and reduces the annual breast cancer death rate by about one sixth (RR 0.82, 0.75-0.90), with a similar proportional, but different absolute benefit in prognostic subgroups (EBCTCG 2011). Furthermore, there is growing evidence that risk-adapted dose augmentation strategies to the tumor bed as well as the implementation of high precision RT techniques (e.g., intraoperative radiotherapy) contribute substantially to a further reduction of local relapse rates. A main focus of ongoing research lies in partial breast

  8. DEGRO practical guidelines. Radiotherapy of breast cancer I. Radiotherapy following breast conserving therapy for invasive breast cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sedlmayer, F. [Paracelsus Medical Univ. Hospital, Salzburg (Austria). Dept. of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology; Sautter-Bihl, M.L. [Staedtisches Klinium Karlsruhe (Germany). Klinik fuer Radioonkologie und Strahlentherapie; Budach, W. [University Hospital Duesseldorf (Germany)] [and others

    2013-10-15

    Background and purpose: The aim of the present paper is to update the practical guidelines for postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy of breast cancer published in 2007 by the breast cancer expert panel of the German Society for Radiooncology (Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Radioonkologie, DEGRO). The present recommendations are based on a revision of the German interdisciplinary S-3 guidelines published in July 2012. Methods: A comprehensive survey of the literature concerning radiotherapy following breast conserving therapy (BCT) was performed using the search terms 'breast cancer', 'radiotherapy', and 'breast conserving therapy'. Data from lately published meta-analyses, recent randomized trials, and guidelines of international breast cancer societies, yielding new aspects compared to 2007, provided the basis for defining recommendations according to the criteria of evidence-based medicine. In addition to the more general statements of the DKG (Deutsche Krebsgesellschaft), this paper addresses indications, target definition, dosage, and technique of radiotherapy of the breast after conservative surgery for invasive breast cancer. Results: Among numerous reports on the effect of radiotherapy during BCT published since the last recommendations, the recent EBCTCG report builds the largest meta-analysis so far available. In a 15 year follow-up on 10,801 patients, whole breast irradiation (WBI) halves the average annual rate of disease recurrence (RR 0.52, 0.48-0.56) and reduces the annual breast cancer death rate by about one sixth (RR 0.82, 0.75-0.90), with a similar proportional, but different absolute benefit in prognostic subgroups (EBCTCG 2011). Furthermore, there is growing evidence that risk-adapted dose augmentation strategies to the tumor bed as well as the implementation of high precision RT techniques (e.g., intraoperative radiotherapy) contribute substantially to a further reduction of local relapse rates. A main focus of ongoing

  9. Energy and sustainable development in Latin America and the Caribbean: Approaches for the power policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-05-01

    Energy and sustainable development in Latin America and the Caribbean is a joint project of the Latin American Organization of Energia (OLADE), the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (Cepal) of the United Nations and the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammennarbeit (GTZ). The intention of this project is the one to fortify the processes of formulation of power policies to harmonize economic growth, social fairness and protection of the environment in order to contribute to that the reforms that come undertaking the countries from the region prohang to the sustainable development. The made work it is come off that the sustainability of the power development raises a series of challenges to future. Concordant with the reactivation of the economic growth in the Nineties a low power productivity is still pronounced. To this they add one reduced to cover of satisfaction of the power necessities and the forest deterioration, jointly with the low quality of the power consumption and the impacts in the level of transmissions that will have the incorporation of polluting sources in the expansion of the regional power systems. On the other hand, the work shows a preoccupation with respect to the sustainability of the expansion of the power systems. At the present time the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean do not have a significant responsibility in the global environmental problems, since single they generate 5% of the world-wide CO2 transmissions whereas the developed countries contribute around 70%. Nevertheless, the new power developments based on the greater hydrocarbon consumption will be able to increase the contribution from the region to the deterioration of the atmosphere. At the same time, the expansion based on the hydroelectric generation also has some limitations although it contributes positively to the mitigation of the transmissions, which raises new challenges to the reform of the power sector

  10. Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation of New Peptide Analogues as Selective COX-2 Inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmaditaba, Mohammad A; Shahosseini, Soraya; Daraei, Bahram; Zarghi, Afshin; Houshdar Tehrani, Mohammad H

    2017-10-01

    A new class of peptide derivatives possessing SO 2 Me and N 3 pharmacophores at the para position of a phenyl ring bound to different aromatic amino acids were synthesized based on solid-phase synthesis methodology, and evaluated as selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors. One of the analogues, i.e., compound 2a as the representative of this series, was recognized as the highest selective COX-2 inhibitor with a COX-2 selectivity index of >500. The structure-activity relationships (SARs) acquired indicated that compound 2a containing a 4-(methylsulfonyl)benzoyl group as a pharmacophore and tyrosine as a ring bearing amino acid in the second position and glutamic acid as the C-terminal amino acid can give the essential geometry to provide selective COX-2 inhibitory activity. Antiproliferative activity of the synthesized peptides (1a-7b) was also determined against four different human cancer cell lines, including MCF-7, HepG2, A549, and HeLa. According to our results, A549, HepG2, and MCF7 seemed to be more sensitive cell lines than HeLa cells encountering these compounds, which gave inhibitory action with IC 50 values from 4.8 to 64.4 µM. In this regard, compounds 3a and 2b displayed the best inhibitory activity against the cell lines. Moreover, a good correlation was observed between the antiproliferative potency and the COX-2 inhibitory activity of compounds 1a, 2a, 2b, and 5b. Such findings suggest that one of the mechanism of anticancer activity of these peptides may be through the COX-2 inhibitory action. © 2017 Deutsche Pharmazeutische Gesellschaft.

  11. Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel 1,2-diaryl-4-substituted-benzylidene-5(4H)-imidazolone derivatives as cytotoxic agents and COX-2/LOX inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamie, Phoebe F; Philoppes, John N; Rárová, Lucie

    2018-04-01

    A new series of 1,2-diaryl-4-substituted-benzylidene-5(4H)-imidazolone derivatives 4a-l was synthesized. Their structures were confirmed by different spectroscopic techniques (IR, 1 H NMR, DEPT-Q NMR, and mass spectroscopy) and elemental analyses. Their cytotoxic activities in vitro were evaluated against breast, ovarian, and liver cancer cell lines and also normal human skin fibroblasts. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-1, COX-2 and lipoxygenase (LOX) inhibitory activities were measured. The synthesized compounds showed selectivity toward COX-2 rather than COX-1, and the IC 50 values (0.25-1.7 µM) were lower than that of indomethacin (IC 50  = 9.47 µM) and somewhat higher than that of celecoxib (IC 50  = 0.071 µM). The selectivity index for COX-2 of the oxazole derivative 4e (SI = 3.67) was nearly equal to that of celecoxib (SI = 3.66). For the LOX inhibitory activity, the new compounds showed IC 50 values of 0.02-74.03 µM, while the IC 50 of the reference zileuton was 0.83 µM. The most active compound 4c (4-chlorobenzoxazole derivative) was found to have dual COX-2/LOX activity. All the synthesized compounds were docked inside the active site of the COX-2 and LOX enzymes. They linked to COX-2 through the N atom of the azole scaffold, while CO of the oxazolone moiety was responsible for the binding to amino acids inside the LOX active site. © 2018 Deutsche Pharmazeutische Gesellschaft.

  12. Ocular involvement in pemphigus vulgaris - a retrospective study of a large Spanish cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    España, Agustin; Iranzo, Pilar; Herrero-González, Josep; Mascaro, José M; Suárez, Ricardo

    2017-04-01

    Ocular/periocular involvement in pemphigus vulgaris (OPV) has rarely been reported. The objective of the present study was to investigate the pattern of OPV and define the prognostic value of its manifestation. From 1985 to 2014, a total of 167 patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV) were treated at four tertiary Spanish hospitals. In this retrospective study, we included all patients with OPV. Clinical data and information on associated symptoms were obtained from patients' medical records. Only 24 (14.3 %) of all PV patients had ocular lesions. In most cases, -ocular involvement was preceded by PV lesions at various other sites (mean duration: 33.7 months). Ocular PV lesions occurred during flares of mucocutaneous pemphigus, and was never the only mucosal manifestation. The most common clinical signs were conjunctival hyperemia (87.5 %), erosions on the eyelids (41.6 %) as well as of the palpebral/bulbar conjunctiva (33.3 %) and at the medial epicanthus (20.8 %). The most relevant associated symptoms included local pain/stinging (71.4 %), irritation (47.6 %), photophobia (38.1 %), and epiphora (23.9 %). Ocular PV improved with systemic and adjuvant topical therapies. Only two patients experienced sequelae. In patients with PV, ocular involvement is an exception. Ocular PV is associated with greater disease activity, and usually follows a benign course. Sites affected are the conjunctiva, the eyelids, or both. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. B-Zell-Lymphome der Haut - Pathogenese, Diagnostik und Therapie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolay, Jan P; Wobser, Marion

    2016-12-01

    Primär kutane B-Zell-Lymphome (PCBCL) beschreiben reifzellige lymphoproliferative Erkrankungen der B-Zell-Reihe, die primär die Haut betreffen. Die Biologie und der klinische Verlauf der einzelnen PCBCL-Subtypen variieren untereinander stark und unterscheiden sich grundsätzlich von primär nodalen und systemischen B-Zell-Lymphomen. Primär kutane Marginalzonenlymphome (PCMZL) und primäre kutane follikuläre Keimzentrumslymphome (PCFCL) werden auf Grund ihres unkomplizierten Verlaufs und ihrer exzellenten Prognose zu den indolenten PCBCL gezählt. Demgegenüber stellen die diffus großzelligen B-Zell-Lymphome, hauptsächlich vom Beintyp (DLBCL, LT) die aggressiveren PCBCL-Varianten mit schlechterer Prognose dar. Für die Ausbreitungsdiagnostik und die Therapieentscheidung sind eine genaue histologische und immunhistochemische Klassifizierung sowie der Ausschluss einer systemischen Beteiligung in Abgrenzung zu nodalen oder systemischen Lymphomen notwendig. Die Diagnostik sollte dabei durch molekularbiologische Untersuchungen unterstützt werden. Therapeutisch stehen für die indolenten PCBCL primär operative und radioonkologische Maßnahmen im Vordergrund sowie eine Systemtherapie mit dem CD20-Antikörper Rituximab bei disseminiertem Befall. Die aggressiveren Varianten sollten in erster Linie mit Kombinationen aus Rituximab und Polychemotherapieschemata wie z. B. dem CHOP-Schema oder Modifikationen davon behandelt werden. Auf Grund der in allen seinen Einzelheiten noch nicht vollständig verstandenen Pathogenese und Biologie sowie des begrenzten Therapiespektrums der PCBCL besteht hier, speziell beim DLBCL, LT, noch erheblicher Forschungsbedarf. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Regionale fachärztliche Versorgung und demographischer Wandel in Deutschland - Szenarien zur dermatologischen Versorgung im Jahr 2035.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kis, Anne; Augustin, Matthias; Augustin, Jobst

    2017-12-01

    Mithilfe der Bedarfsplanungsrichtlinie des Gemeinsamen Bundesausschusses soll die medizinische Versorgung in Deutschland flächendeckend sichergestellt werden. Kalkulatorische Größe zur Abbildung der räumlichen Versorgungssituation ist der "korrigierte Versorgungsgrad". Vor dem Hintergrund des demographischen Wandels und bereits heute existenter Wiederbesetzungsschwierigkeiten steht die Frage, wie sich die dermatologische Versorgung kleinräumig entwickeln wird. Mit bundesweiten Daten zu Hautarztstandorten sowie aktuellen und prognostizierten Bevölkerungszahlen auf Kreisebene wurde auf Basis der aktuellen Bedarfsplanungsrichtlinie der korrigierte Versorgungsgrad in drei Wiederbesetzungsszenarien (Szenario 1: 100%ige Wiederbesetzung, Szenario 2: Wegfall eines Arztsitzes je Planungsbereich, Szenario 3: Wegfall von zwei Arztsitzen in ländlichen Planungsbereichen) für das Prognosejahr 2035 exemplarisch berechnet. Während sich in Szenario 1 die Versorgungssituation von 2014 auf 2035 in einigen Teilräumen sogar verbessern würde (n = 3 nicht mehr unterversorgt), zeigen die wahrscheinlicheren Szenarien 2 und 3 mit dem Wegfall einzelner Arztstandorte und dem altersselektiven Wanderungsverhalten, dass ganze Regionen in die Unterversorgung gelangen könnten. Es ist davon auszugehen, dass die räumliche Heterogenität der dermatologischen Versorgung unter Berücksichtigung des demographischen Wandels zunehmen wird. Weitere Anstrengungen in der Bedarfsplanung, aber auch hinsichtlich kreativer Versorgungsmodelle und interkommunaler Kooperation sind erforderlich, um die Versorgung dem demographischen Wandel sowie veränderten Lebensentwürfen junger Mediziner anzupassen. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. Analyse der pharmazeutischen Versorgungssituation von Patienten mit Psoriasis-Arthritis auf Basis von Routinedaten der Gesetzlichen Krankenversicherung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sondermann, Wiebke; Ventzke, Julia; Matusiewicz, David; Körber, Andreas

    2018-03-01

    Die Psoriasis-Arthritis (PsA) gehört zu den chronisch entzündlichen Gelenkerkrankungen. Trotz zahlreicher versorgungswissenschaftlicher Studien in Deutschland liegen zur pharmazeutischen Versorgungssituation von PsA-Patienten bisher kaum aktuelle Ergebnisse vor. Mit Hilfe einer systematischen Literaturrecherche sowie anhand von Routinedaten der Allgemeinen Ortskrankenkasse (AOK) Rheinland/Hamburg wird ein aktueller Überblick über die pharmazeutische Versorgung von PsA-Patienten in Deutschland gegeben. Selektiert wurden Versicherte aus dem ambulanten und stationären Bereich, die im 1. und 2. Quartal des Jahres 2014 die gesicherte Abrechnungsdiagnose Psoriasis-Arthritis L40.5+ aufwiesen. Anschließend wurden auf Basis dieser "vorab definierten" Kohorte die Arzneimitteldaten für 5 Jahre (01.01.2010-31.12.2014) abgerufen. Es konnten insgesamt n  =  3205 Versicherte (45 % männlich, 55 % weiblich) der AOK Rheinland/Hamburg mit einer gesicherten PsA-Diagnose selektiert werden. Das Durchschnittsalter betrug 58,9 Jahre. 53,7 % der PsA-Patienten wurden mit systemischen PsA-relevanten Arzneimitteln versorgt. Nichtsteroidale Antirheumatika (NSAR) wurden am häufigsten verordnet, gefolgt von systemischen Glucocorticoiden. Von den selektierten PsA-Patienten, die eine Systemtherapie erhielten, wurden 72,1 % mittels einer Disease-modifying-antirheumatic-Drug (DMARD)-Monotherapie behandelt, gefolgt von der Kombinationstherapie aus DMARDs und Biologika (20,9 %). Die pharmakologische Therapie der PsA muss eine Gewährleistung zwischen adäquater Versorgung der PsA mit Verhinderung der Krankheitsprogression und ökonomischer Verantwortung darstellen. © 2018 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. S1 guideline on occupational skin products: protective creams, skin cleansers, skin care products (ICD 10: L23, L24)--short version.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fartasch, Manigé; Diepgen, Thomas L; Drexler, Hans; Elsner, Peter; John, Swen Malte; Schliemann, Sibylle

    2015-06-01

    Job-related hand dermatitis heads up the list of reported occupational diseases. So-called skin products - understood to mean protective creams, skin cleansers and skin care products - are used for the primary and secondary prevention of job- related hand dermatitis. In the interests of evidence-based medicine, the only preventive measures and/or occupational skin products that should be used are those whose potential uses and efficacy are underpinned by scientific research. To this end, the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Berufs- und Umweltdermatologie e.V. (Working Group for Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, ABD) of the DDG (German Dermatological Society) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Arbeits- und Umweltmedizin (German Society for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, DGAUM) have summed up the latest scientific findings and recommendations in the updated guideline. The benefit of the combined application of protective creams and skin care products in the primary and secondary prevention of work-related contact dermatitis has been widely confirmed by recent clinical-epidemiological studies. The guideline clearly explains the necessity of demonstrating the efficacy of protective creams and cleansing products by means of in vivo methods in the sense of repetitive applications. Transferable standardised testing systems designed to examine the irritation potential and thus the compatibility of occupational skin cleansers and the reduction of irritation by protective skin creams have now been developed and validated by multicentre studies for skin protection creams and cleansers. The status of the current assessment of the safety of occupational skin products is also summarised. © 2015 The Authors | Journal compilation © Blackwell Verlag GmbH, Berlin.

  17. Cooperation between the occupational health insurance and physicians practicing occupational dermatology: optimization potential in quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsner, Peter; Aberer, Werner; Bauer, Andrea; Diepgen, Thomas Ludwig; Drexler, Hans; Fartasch, Manigé; John, Swen Malte; Schuhmacher-Stock, Uta; Wehrmann, Wolfgang; Weisshaar, Elke

    2014-05-01

    Quality assurance is a task of the medical profession, but it is also a duty of the occupational health insurance (OHI). Data on the interaction quality between physicians practicing occupational dermatology and the OHI are limited. An online survey was performed in 854 German members of the Working Group on Occupational and Environmental Dermatology in October 2013. Items included demographic data, a judgment on the cooperation between the dermatologists and OHI companies, an economic grading of the current compensation scheme, and prioritization of optimization tasks. 182 members (21.3 % of the invited population) participated in the survey. The cooperation with the OHI companies was judged as "very good" by 10.8 %, as "good" by 56.7  %, as "satisfactory" by 24.2 %, as "sufficient" by 7.0 % and as "inadequate" by 1.3 %. 93.4 % of the interviewed mentioned problems and improvement potentials in the cooperation of their practice or clinic with OHI companies. Main points of criticisms were reimbursement (44.7 %), followed by impairments of the treatment options (36.5 %) and the delay or scope of the treatment in the dermatologist's procedure (29.4 %). While most physicians practicing occupational dermatology give a positive judgment of their cooperation with OHI companies, quality optimization potentials exist regarding the reimbursement of dermatological services, especially regarding time-intensive counselling in the prevention of occupational skin diseases, in the enablement of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures according to current guidelines and in a timely preventive intervention to use the therapeutic window before chronification of skin diseases may occur. © 2014 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. Retrospective evaluation of exposure to natural UV radiation: experiences with the online UV history tool in a field study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weistenhöfer, Wobbeke; Hiller, Julia; Drexler, Hans; Kiesel, Johannes

    2017-06-01

    Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and multiple actinic keratoses can be recognized as occupational diseases if the site affected has been subjected to additional occupational UV exposure of at least 40 %. An online UV history tool that allows for the quantification of occupational and recreational UV doses was now tested in a field study. Ninety-nine patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer were examined. Patient history with respect to UV exposure was obtained using the online UV history tool. Initial validation was carried out with data from ten additional patients. In the context of a pilot study, the applicability of the tool was assessed using a questionnaire. Overall, patient history revealed a UV exposure between 3,792 and 53,163 SEDs. Patients with squamous cell carcinoma, actinic keratoses, or Bowen's disease (n  =  22) had significantly higher SED values and were significantly older (73 vs. 66 years) than patients with basal cell carcinoma (n  =  77). Occupational UV exposure was reported by 19 patients, two of whom showed an additional occupational UV exposure of more than 40 %, which prompted the filing of a (suspected) occupational disease report. With respect to validation, there was evidence of good inter-investigator reliability. The applicability of the tool was rated as good. The online UV history tool enables quick retrospective quantification of occupational and recreational UV exposure in case of suspicion of the occupational disease "cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma or multiple actinic keratoses caused by natural UV radiation". © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. Zeitlicher Verlauf der avaskulären Nekrose des Hüftkopfes bei Patienten mit Pemphigus vulgaris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balighi, Kamran; Daneshpazhooh, Maryam; Aghazadeh, Nessa; Saeidi, Vahide; Shahpouri, Farzam; Hejazi, Pardis; Chams-Davatchi, Cheyda

    2016-10-01

    Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) wird in der Regel mit systemischen Corticosteroiden und Immunsuppressiva behandelt. Avaskuläre Nekrose (AVN) des Hüftkopfes ist eine gut bekannte schwerere Komplikation einer Corticosteroid-Therapie. Die Charakteristika dieser schweren Komplikation bei PV sind nach wie vor unbekannt. Nicht kontrollierte, retrospektive Untersuchung aller PV-bedingten AVN-Fälle, die in einer iranischen Klinik für bullöse Autoimmunerkrankungen zwischen 1985 und 2013 diagnostiziert wurden. Anhand der Krankenakten von 2321 untersuchten PV-Patienten wurden 45 Fälle (1,93 %) von femoraler AVN identifiziert. Dreißig davon waren Männer. Das mittlere Alter bei der Diagnose der AVN betrug 47,4 ± 14,2 Jahre. Der mittlere Zeitraum zwischen der Diagnose des PV und dem Einsetzen der AVN lag bei 25,3 ± 18,3 Monaten. Mit Ausnahme von acht Fällen (17,8 %) setzte die AVN bei der Mehrheit der Patienten innerhalb von drei Jahren nach Diagnose des PV ein. Die mittlere kumulative Dosis von Prednisolon bei Patienten mit AVN betrug 13.115,8 ± 7041,1 mg. Zwischen der Prednisolon-Gesamtdosis und dem Zeitraum bis zum Einsetzen der AVN bestand eine starke Korrelation (p = 0,001). Bei Patienten mit Alendronateinnahme in der Vorgeschichte war dieser Zeitraum signifikant kürzer (p = 0,01). Die AVN ist eine schwere Komplikation einer Corticosteroid-Behandlung bei Patienten mit PV. Sie wird bei 2 % der Patienten beobachtet und tritt vor allem in den ersten drei Behandlungsjahren auf. Bei Patienten, die höhere Dosen von Prednisolon erhalten, setzt die AVN tendenziell früher ein. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Intraläsionale Therapie niedrig maligner primär kutaner B-Zell-Lymphome mit Anti-CD20-Antikörper: Nebenwirkungen korrelieren mit gutem klinischen Ansprechen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eberle, Franziska C; Holstein, Julia; Scheu, Alexander; Fend, Falko; Yazdi, Amir S

    2017-03-01

    Die intraläsionale Gabe von Anti-CD20-Antikörpern (Rituximab) wurde als effektive Therapieoption für Patienten mit niedrig malignen primär kutanen B-Zell-Lymphomen beschrieben. Bis heute wurden allerdings keine Parameter identifiziert, welche reproduzierbar ein gutes klinisches Ansprechen dieser Therapie vorhersagen. Ziel dieser Studie ist, sowohl das klinische Ansprechen und die unerwünschten Nebenwirkungen als auch die Patientenwahrnehmung hinsichtlich intraläsionaler Injektionen von anti-CD20-Antikörpern zur Behandlung indolenter primär kutaner B-Zell-Lymphome im Vergleich mit anderen Therapien zu evaluieren. Elf Patienten mit einem primär kutanen B-Zell-Lymphom, namentlich primär kutanes Keimzentrumslymphom (n = 9) und primär kutanes Marginalzonenlymphom (n = 2), welche mittels intraläsionalem Anti-CD20-Antikörper behandelt wurden, wurden retrospektiv evaluiert hinsichtlich der Ansprechrate und unerwünschter Nebenwirkungen sowie in Bezug auf deren Selbsteinschätzung dieser und anderer Therapien des primär kutanen B-Zell-Lymphoms. Patienten, deren primär kutanes B-Zell-Lymphom mittels intraläsionaler Gabe von Anti-CD20-Antikörper behandelt wurde, zeigten ein komplettes oder partielles Ansprechen in 45 % beziehungsweise 27 % aller Patienten. Speziell Patienten mit grippeähnlichen Symptomen nach erfolgter Injektion zeigten ein gutes Ansprechen. Die Mehrheit der Patienten empfand die Therapie mit Rituximab als die beste Therapie im Vergleich zu anderen Therapien wie beispielsweise chirurgische Exzision oder Radiotherapie. Intraläsionales Rituximab ist eine effektive Therapie mit hoher Patientenzufriedenheit. Starke therapiebedingte Nebenwirkungen wie Fieber, Schüttelfrost und Kopfschmerzen nach Gabe von Rituximab könnten als Indikator für gute Wirksamkeit dienen. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. Kompressionstherapie - Versorgungspraxis: Informationsstand von Patienten mit Ulcus cruris venosum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Protz, Kerstin; Heyer, Kristina; Dissemond, Joachim; Temme, Barbara; Münter, Karl-Christian; Verheyen-Cronau, Ida; Klose, Katharina; Hampel-Kalthoff, Carsten; Augustin, Matthias

    2016-12-01

    Eine Säule der kausalen Therapie bei Patienten mit Ulcus cruris venosum ist die Kompressionstherapie. Sie unterstützt die Abheilung, reduziert Schmerzen und Rezidive und steigert die Lebensqualität. Bislang existieren kaum wissenschaftliche Daten zu dem Versorgungsstand und fachspezifischem Wissen von Patienten mit Ulcus cruris venosum. Standardisierte Fragebögen wurden bundesweit in 55 Pflegediensten, 32 Arztpraxen, vier Wundzentren und -sprechstunden sowie einem Pflegetherapiestützpunkt von Patienten mit Ulcus cruris venosum bei Erstvorstellung anonym ausgefüllt. Insgesamt nahmen 177 Patienten (Durchschnittsalter 69,4 Jahre; 75,1 % Frauen) teil. Ein florides Ulcus cruris venosum bestand im Mittel 17 Monate. 31,1 % hatten keine Kompressionstherapie, 40,1 % Binden und 28,8 % Strümpfe. Bei der Bestrumpfung hatten 13,7 % Kompressionsklasse III, 64,7 % Kompressionsklasse II und 19,6 % Kompressionsklasse I. 70,6 % legten die Strümpfe nach dem Aufstehen an, 21,1 % trugen sie Tag und Nacht. 39,2 % bereiteten die Strümpfe Beschwerden. Lediglich 11,7 % hatten eine An- und Ausziehhilfe. Die Binden wurden im Mittel 40,7 Wochen getragen und bei 69 % nicht unterpolstert. Bei 2,8 % wurde der Knöchel- und Waden-Umfang zur Erfolgskontrolle gemessen. Venensport machten 45,9 %. Ein Drittel hatte keine Kompressionsversorgung, obwohl diese eine Basismaßnahme der Therapie des Ulcus cruris venosum ist. Zudem ist deren korrekte Auswahl und Anwendung angesichts der langen Bestandsdauer der Ulzerationen zu hinterfragen. Weiterführende Fachkenntnisse bei Anwendern und Verordnern sowie Patientenschulungen sind erforderlich. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Gebrauch von Komplementärmedizin bei Patienten mit metastasierendem Melanom unter Therapie mit Ipilimumab innerhalb einer klinischen Studie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huebner, Jutta; Mohr, Peter; Simon, Jan-Christoph; Fluck, Michael; Berking, Carola; Zimmer, Lisa; Loquai, Carmen

    2016-05-01

    In Deutschland wenden 40-90 % aller Krebspatienten Methoden der komplementären and alternativen Medizin (KAM) an. Bis dato gibt es kein Datenmaterial zum Einsatz der KAM bei Melanompatienten. Das Ziel unserer Studie war es, Daten über den Gebrauch, die Informationsquellen und Ziele von Patienten mit metastasierendem Melanom zu erfassen. Einhundertsechsundfünfzig Patienten aus 25 Studienzentren nahmen an der DecOG-MM-PAL Multibasket Studie teil. Die beteiligten Personen wurden auch gebeten, an einer Nebenstudie teilzunehmen, die ihren Gebrauch von KAM erfassen sollte. Dazu wurde während der Behandlung ein standardisierter Fragebogen zu genau festgelegten Zeitpunkten ausgeteilt. Insgesamt gingen 55 Fragebögen von 32 (21 %) Melanompatienten ein. Von diesen gaben 17 (53 %) ein Interesse an KAM an, und sieben (22 %) machten von KAM Gebrauch. Die Hauptinformationsquellen (31 %) waren Familienmitglieder und Freunde, gefolgt von Ärzten (19 %). Die Hauptgründe für die Anwendung von KAM waren die Stärkung des Immunsystems (41 %) und des Körpers (34 %). Nahrungsergänzungsmittel (Vitamine und Spurenelemente) wurden am häufigsten angewendet (28 %). Eine relativ hohe Anzahl an Patienten mit metastasierendem Melanom machte trotz Teilnahme an einer klinischen Studie von KAM Gebrauch. Wechselwirkungen könnten durch biologisch basierte KAM auftreten, und hier besonders bei immunmodulierenden KAM- Strategien. Um Risiken zu vermeiden, sollte die Kommunikation zwischen den Ärzten und den Patienten verbessert werden. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. Azelainsäure 20 % Creme: Auswirkung auf Lebensqualität und Krankheitsaktivität bei erwachsenen Patientinnen mit Acne vulgaris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kainz, Julius Thomas; Berghammer, Gabriele; Auer-Grumbach, Piet; Lackner, Verena; Perl-Convalexius, Sylvia; Popa, Rodica; Wolfesberger, Barbara

    2016-12-01

    Zur Wirksamkeit von Aknetherapien und deren Auswirkungen auf die Lebensqualität erwachsener Patienten liegen kaum Daten vor. ZIEL: Erhebung der Wirkung von Azelainsäure 20 % Creme (Skinoren ® ) auf Akne-Schweregrad und krankheitsbedingte Lebensqualität. Nichtinterventionelle Studie bei erwachsenen Patientinnen mit leichter bis mittelschwerer Akne. Wirksamkeitsparameter waren DLQI sowie Akne-Schweregrad im Gesicht, am Dekolleté sowie am Rücken im Gesamturteil des Prüfarztes (IGA-Skala: Grad 1 = annähernd reine Haut; 2 = leichte Akne; 3 = mittelschwere Akne). Visiten waren zu Studienbeginn sowie nach 4-8 und zwölf Wochen geplant. Von den 251 eingeschlossenen Patientinnen lag zu Studienbeginn bei 59 %, 31 % bzw. 10 % ein IGA-Grad von 1, 2 bzw. 3 vor; die am häufigsten betroffene Hautpartie war das Gesicht (IGA-Grad 2 oder 3: 79 %). Nach zwölf Behandlungswochen war eine signifikante Besserung der Acne vulgaris im Gesicht (IGA-Grad 0 oder 1: 82 %) sowie auf Dekolleté und Rücken feststellbar. Der mediane DLQI-Wert sank von neun zu Studienbeginn auf fünf nach zwölf Behandlungswochen. Neunzig Prozent der behandelnden Ärzte und Patientinnen beurteilten die Verträglichkeit der Behandlung als sehr gut oder gut. Die Anwendung von 20%iger Azelainsäure-Creme führt bei erwachsenen Frauen zu einer signifikanten Besserung der Acne vulgaris und der krankheitsbedingten Lebensqualität. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Kombinierte Hoch-/Niedrig-Dosis-Therapie mit systemischen Glukokor-tikoiden bei schweren Verlaufsformen der Alopecia areata im Kindesalter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahn-Bassler, Karin; Bauer, Wolfgang Michael; Karlhofer, Franz; Vossen, Matthias G; Stingl, Georg

    2017-01-01

    Schwere Verlaufsformen der Alopecia areata (AA) im Kindesalter sind aufgrund limitierter Optionen therapeutisch herausfordernd. Systemische, hochdosierte Glukokortikoide weisen die schnellste Ansprechrate auf, nach dem Absetzen kommt es allerdings zu Rezidiven. Eine längerfristige Hochdosis-Anwendung ist aufgrund der zu erwartenden Nebenwirkungen nicht empfehlenswert. Eine dauerhafte Steroiderhaltungstherapie unterhalb der Cushing-Schwellen-Dosis nach Bolustherapie könnte die Krankheitsaktivität ohne Nebenwirkungen längerfristig unterdrücken. Im Rahmen einer offenen Anwendungsbeobachtung wurden 13 Kinder mit schweren Formen der AA in diese Studie eingeschlossen. Bei sieben Kindern lag eine AA totalis/universalis vor, bei sechs eine multifokale AA mit Befall von mehr als 50 % der Kopfhaut. Das Therapieregime sah eine initiale Prednisolon-Dosierung von 2 mg/kg Körpergeweicht (KG) vor und wurde innerhalb von neun Wochen auf eine Erhaltungsdosierung unter der individuellen Cushing-Schwelle reduziert. Der Nachbeobachtungszeitraum betrug ein bis drei Jahre. Wir beobachteten in 62 % aller Fälle ein komplettes Nachwachsen der Haare. Die mittlere Dauer bis zum Ansprechen lag bei 6,6 Wochen und konnte mit der Erhaltungstherapie über den gesamten Beobachtungszeitraum aufrechterhalten werden. An Nebenwirkungen wurden ausschließlich eine Gewichtszunahme (1-3 kg) bei allen Behandelten sowie eine milde Steroidakne in 23 % der Fälle beobachtet. Die kombinierte Hoch-/Niedrig-Dosis-Therapie mit systemischen Glukokortikoiden mittels Prednisolon zeigte eine hohe, dauerhafte Ansprechrate ohne signifikante Nebenwirkungen. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Krankheitsverlauf, medizinische Versorgung und Lebensqualität von Patienten mit kongenitalen melanozytären Nävi - Auswertung des deutschsprachigen KMN-Registers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elisabeth Wramp, Maria; Langenbruch, Anna; Augustin, Matthias; Zillikens, Detlef; Krengel, Sven

    2017-02-01

    Kongenitale melanozytäre Nävi (KMN) bedeuten für Patienten und Familien eine psychologische Belastung und bergen zudem medizinische Risiken. Das 2005 gegründete deutschsprachige KMN-Register wurde nun einer Zwischenauswertung bezüglich des Krankheitsverlaufes, der medizinischen Versorgung und der Lebensqualität unterzogen. 100 Patienten, die sich in den Jahren 2005 bis 2012 mit einem Erstmeldebogen registriert hatten, wurde im Rahmen einer prospektiven Kohortenstudie Anfang 2013 ein Folgemeldebogen zugesandt. Außerdem wurden mithilfe standardisierter Fragebögen Daten zu Lebensqualität (dermatology life quality index, DLQI) und Stigmatisierungserfahrungen (perceived stigmatization questionnaire, PSQ; social comfort questionnaire, SCQ) erhoben. 83 % der Patienten oder deren Eltern antworteten (Altersdurchschnitt 11,2 Jahre, Median 6 Jahre; mittleres Follow-up 4,4 Jahre). Im Gesamtkollektiv wurden vier Melanome diagnostiziert, davon zwei zerebrale Melanome im Kindesalter, ein kutanes Melanom im Erwachsenenalter und eines, das sich als proliferierender Knoten erwies. Bei vier Kindern wurde eine neurokutane Melanozytose festgestellt, drei davon mit neurologischer Symptomatik. Chirurgisch behandelt wurden 88 % (73/83). Achtundsiebzig Prozent der Befragten berichteten eine geringe oder keine Beeinträchtigung der Lebensqualität. Die wahrgenommene Stigmatisierung beziehungsweise Beeinträchtigung des sozialen Wohlbefindens war generell ebenfalls gering. Die Ergebnisse geben einen Überblick über die Situation von Patienten mit KMN in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Ein Melanom entwickelte sich in 3 %, eine ZNS-Beteiligung bestand in 4 % der Fälle. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Kompressionstherapie bei Patienten mit Ulcus cruris venosum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dissemond, Joachim; Assenheimer, Bernd; Bültemann, Anke; Gerber, Veronika; Gretener, Silvia; Kohler-von Siebenthal, Elisabeth; Koller, Sonja; Kröger, Knut; Kurz, Peter; Läuchli, Severin; Münter, Christian; Panfil, Eva-Maria; Probst, Sebastian; Protz, Kerstin; Riepe, Gunnar; Strohal, Robert; Traber, Jürg; Partsch, Hugo

    2016-11-01

    Wund-D.A.CH. ist der Dachverband deutschsprachiger Fachgesellschaften, die sich mit den Thematiken der Wundbehandlung beschäftigen. Experten verschiedener Fachgesellschaften aus Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz haben nun einen aktuellen Konsens der Kompressionstherapie für Patienten mit Ulcus cruris venosum erstellt. In Europa ist das Ulcus cruris venosum eine der häufigsten Ursachen für chronische Wunden. Neben der konservativen und interventionellen Wund- und Venentherapie, ist die Kompressionstherapie die Basis der Behandlungsstrategien. Die Kompressionstherapie kann heute mit sehr unterschiedlichen Materialien und Systemen durchgeführt werden. Während in der Entstauungsphase insbesondere Verbände mit Kurzzugbinden oder Mehrkomponentensysteme zur Anwendung kommen, sind es anschließend überwiegend Ulkus-Strumpfsysteme. Eine weitere, bislang wenig verbreitete Alternative sind adaptive Kompressionsbandagen. Insbesondere für die Rezidivprophylaxe werden medizinische Kompressionsstrümpfe empfohlen. Durch die Vielzahl der heute zur Verfügung stehenden Behandlungsoptionen, kann für nahezu alle Patienten ein Konzept entwickelt werden, dass sich an den individuellen Bedürfnissen und Fähigkeiten orientiert und daher auch akzeptiert und durchgeführt wird. Die Kompressionstherapie ist für die Behandlung von Patienten mit Ulcus cruris venosum essentiell. In den letzten Jahren sind viele verschiedene Therapieoptionen verfügbar, die in den deutschsprachigen Ländern unterschiedlich angewendet oder durchgeführt werden. Daher soll dieser Expertenkonsens dazu beitragen, konkrete Empfehlungen für die praktische Durchführung der Kompressionstherapie von Patienten mit Ulcus cruris venosum darzustellen. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. Retrospektive Analyse von Zufallsbefunden, die bei Patienten mit kutanem malignen Malignom durch (18) F-Fluordeoxyglucose-PET/CT erhoben wurden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conrad, Franziska; Winkens, Thomas; Kaatz, Martin; Goetze, Steven; Freesmeyer, Martin

    2016-08-01

    Bei der (18) F-Fluordeoxyglucose-Positronenemissionstomographie/Computertomographie (FDG-PET/CT) ergeben sich häufig Zufallsbefunde. In der vorliegenden Studie konzentrierten wir uns auf mittels FDG-PET/CT erhaltene Zufallsbefunde bei Patienten mit kutanem Melanom und überprüften deren Relevanz hinsichtlich weiterer diagnostischer Maßnahmen und Interventionen. Die Krankenakten von 181 konsekutiven Melanom-Patienten wurden retrospektiv ausgewertet, um das Management von Zufallsbefunden zu dokumentieren. Der Schwerpunkt lag dabei auf den histologischen Befunden. Bei 33 von 181 (18 %) Patienten lagen 39 relevante Zufallsbefunde vor, und zwar im Kolorektalbereich (n = 15 Patienten), in der Schilddrüse (n = 8), der Prostata (n = 2), dem Bewegungsapparat (n = 2), in Lymphknoten (n = 2), der Parotis (n = 1), den Mandeln (n = 1), den Nieren (n = 1) und der Gallenblase (n = 1). Bei 25 Patienten schlossen sich weitere diagnostische Verfahren an, wobei in 21 Fällen ein klinisches Korrelat nachgewiesen wurde. Bei 16 von 21 Patienten ergab sich eine Neoplasie, darunter fünf maligne Läsionen (vier Kolonkarzinome und ein Prostatakarzinom). Die Malignome wurden frühzeitig diagnostiziert und in der Mehrzahl der Fälle erfolgreich entfernt. Der Einsatz der FDG-PET/CT als Routine-Diagnostik wird in den Leitlinien empfohlen und ist indiziert bei malignem Melanom ab Stadium IIC. In dieser Studie wurden auf effektive Weise ansonsten nicht erkannte Krebserkrankungen, insbesondere Kolonkarzinome, detektiert. In den meisten Fällen war eine frühe Intervention möglich. Zufallsbefunde durch FDG-PET/CT sollten, unter Berücksichtigung des Zustands und der Wünsche des Patienten, mit den geeigneten diagnostischen Maßnahmen abgeklärt werden. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. Der Einfluss von Alitretinoin auf die Lebensqualität bei Patienten mit schwerem chronischen Handekzem: FUGETTA - Beobachtungsstudie unter Praxisbedingungen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustin, Matthias; Thaçi, Diamant; Kamps, Anja

    2016-12-01

    Alitretinoin ist die einzige zugelassene Behandlung für schweres chronisches Handekzem (CHE), das refraktär gegenüber potenten topischen Corticosteroiden ist. Bei dieser Studie (FUGETTA) wurde die Wirksamkeit von leitliniengerecht angewendetem oralem Alitretinoin sowie dessen Einfluss auf die Lebensqualität (LQ) bei Patienten mit schwerem refraktärem CHE beurteilt. Multizentrische, offene, nichtinterventionelle Beobachtungsstudie, durchgeführt in Deutschland. Die Patienten wurden nach Ermessen ihres behandelnden Arztes mit Alitretinoin 10 mg oder 30 mg einmal täglich über maximal 24 Wochen behandelt. Die Wirksamkeit wurde anhand des Physician Global Assessment (PGA) und des Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) bewertet. Zudem wurden unerwünschte Ereignisse (UE) erfasst. Die Studienpopulation bestand aus 658 Patienten (30 mg: n = 581; 10 mg: n = 77). Bei Beobachtungsbeginn litten die meisten Patienten (83 %) gemäß PGA an einem schweren CHE. Bei Beobachtungsende war das Handekzem bei 48 % der Patienten gemäß PGA vollständig oder fast vollständig abgeheilt (30 mg: 49 %; 10 mg: 43 %). Die mittlere Verbesserung des DLQI-Scores in Woche 24 betrug 58 % (30 mg: mittlere [SD] Veränderung gegenüber dem Ausgangswert -10,4 [8,04]) und 70 % (10 mg: mittlere [SD] Veränderung gegenüber dem Ausgangswert -10,8 [7,29]). Die Gesamtinzidenz von NW war niedrig und in den beiden Gruppen ähnlich. Alitretinoin führte zu einer schnellen, deutlichen Verbesserung der LQ bei Patienten mit schwerem CHE. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Umgang mit Antithrombotika bei Operationen an der Haut vor und nach Publikation der entsprechenden S3-Leitlinie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaskins, Matthew; Dittmann, Martin; Eisert, Lisa; Werner, Ricardo Niklas; Dressler, Corinna; Löser, Christoph; Nast, Alexander

    2018-03-01

    Laut einer Befragung im Jahre 2012 war der Umgang mit Antithrombotika bei dermatochirurgischen Eingriffen in Deutschland sehr heterogen. 2014 wurde erstmals eine evidenzbasierte Leitlinie zu diesem Thema veröffentlicht. Es wurde eine anonyme Befragung derselben Stichprobe zum Umgang mit Antithrombotika sowie zu Kenntnissen der Leitlinie durchgeführt. Die Ergebnisse wurden als relative Häufigkeiten berichtet und denen aus 2012 gegenübergestellt. 208 Antwortbögen wurden ausgewertet (Rücklaufquote: 36,6 %). Die große Mehrheit der Dermatologen erklärte, kleinere Eingriffe unter Fortführung der Therapie mit Phenprocoumon, niedrig dosierter Acetylsalicylsäure (≤ 100 mg) und Clopidogrel sowie mit direkten oralen Antikoagulanzien durchzuführen. Bei größeren Eingriffen war der Umgang hingegen weiterhin heterogen, insbesondere unter niedergelassenen Dermatologen. Der Anteil der Dermatologen, die Phenprocoumon, Acetylsalicylsäure und Clopidogrel leitlinienkonform verwendeten, hat sich insgesamt vergrößert. Führten 2012 beispielsweise 53,8 % der Klinikärzte bzw. 36,3 % der niedergelassenen Dermatologen eine große Exzision unter Fortführung der Therapie mit niedrig dosierter Acetylsalicylsäure durch, taten dies 2017 90,2 % bzw. 57,8 % (Phenprocoumon: 33,8 % bzw. 11,9 % auf 63,9 % bzw. 29,9 %; Clopidogrel: 36,9 % bzw. 23,2 % auf 63,9 % bzw. 30,6 %). Unter den Klinikärzten war ein hoher Anteil mit der Leitlinie vertraut und fand diese hilfreich. Eine Zunahme des leitlinienkonformen Verhaltens war bei allen Eingriffen zu verzeichnen. Bei größeren Eingriffen zeigte sich trotz deutlicher Verbesserung die Notwendigkeit verstärkter Anstrengungen zur Leitlinienumsetzung bzw. zur Identifizierung von Implementierungsbarrieren. © 2018 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. Plattenepithelkarzinom in Verbindung mit einer roten Tätowierung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitz, Inge; Prymak, Oleg; Epple, Matthias; Ernert, Carsten; Tannapfel, Andrea

    2016-06-01

    Obwohl Tätowierungen in den letzten Jahren außerordentlich beliebt geworden sind, wurde in der Literatur bisher nur über wenige Fälle schwerer Reaktionen berichtet, die zu einer malignen Transformation führten. Dies steht im Kontrast zu der praktisch unüberschaubaren Zahl an Tätowierungen weltweit. Die Zusammensetzung der für Tätowierungen verwendeten Farbstoffe variiert stark, und selbst gleiche Farbtöne können unterschiedliche Komponenten enthalten. Das Ziel unserer Studie war es zu untersuchen, auf welche Weise Tätowierungen möglicherweise Hautkrebs auslösen können. Wir berichten über den seltenen Fall einer 24-jährigen Frau, bei der sich sieben Monate nachdem sie eine Tätowierung auf dem Fußrücken erhalten hatte in unmittelbarer Nähe des verwendeten roten Farbstoffs ein Plattenepithelkarzinom entwickelte. Die Komplikationen begannen mit einer unspezifischen Schwellung. Die Läsion wurde histologisch untersucht. Die Zusammensetzung des inkorporierten Farbstoffs wurde mittels Rasterelektronenmikroskopie in Kombination mit energiedispersiver Elementanalyse analysiert. Zur weiteren Charakterisierung wurden Thermogravimetrie und Pulverdiffraktometrie eingesetzt. Der Tätowierungsfarbstoff enthielt hauptsächlich Bariumsulfat; Spuren von Al, S, Ti, P, Mg und Cl ließen sich ebenfalls nachweisen. Bei der Analyse zeigten sich Pigmentgranula unterschiedlicher Größe. In seltenen Fällen kann Tätowierungstinte karzinogene Effekte haben, die multifaktoriell zu sein scheinen. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Verantwortlicher Umgang mit Antibiotika: Notwendigkeit der Antibiotikareduktion in der Aknetherapie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gollnick, Harald P M; Buer, Jan; Beissert, Stefan; Sunderkätter, Cord

    2016-12-01

    Der übermäßige oder unkritische weltweite Einsatz von Antibiotika in der Medizin hat die Ausbreitung von Antibiotikaresistenzen beschleunigt. In einigen Bereichen sind viele Antibiotika bei bakteriellen Infektionen, die zuvor noch gut auf antibakterielle Wirkstoffe reagierten, mittlerweile wirkungslos geworden. Dermatologen/Venerologen setzten orale und topische Antibiotika bei der Behandlung von Acne vulgaris routinemäßig ein, obwohl Akne weder eine infektiöse Erkrankung ist noch alleine durch das Propionibacterium getriggert wird. Vielmehr ist sie eine komplexe, chronische entzündliche Hauterkrankung, die durch verschiedene pathogenetische Faktoren wie follikuläre Hyperkeratose, erhöhter Sebumproduktion, bakterielle Proliferation und Entzündung zustande kommt. Folglich sollte eine erfolgreiche Therapie auf die Bekämpfung verschiedener pathogenetischer Faktoren und nicht nur auf die von Propionibacterium acnes abzielen. Daher wurden topische Retinoide und Benzoylperoxid als Mittel der ersten Wahl definiert. Monotherapien mit lokalen Antibiotika sollten insgesamt vermieden werden. Systemische Antibiotika der Tetrazyklin-Gruppe haben bei bestimmen Krankheitsstadien ihren Sinn, ihre Wirkung könnte aber eher auf der antientzündlichen als auf der antibiotischen Reaktion beruhen. Gesundheitsbehörden ermahnen alle Gesundheitsdienstleister, den Einsatz von Antibiotika einzuschränken. Das Nutzen-Risiko-Verhältnis muss bei der Entscheidung für oder gegen eine antibiotische Therapie bei einem einzelnen Patienten immer auch in Bezug auf das öffentliche Interesse am Erhalt der Wirksamkeit von Antibiotika abgewogen werden. Im Folgenden werden das aktuelle Krankheitskonzept zu Acne vulgaris und die sich daraus ableitenden Konsequenzen für den Einsatz von Antibiotika vorgestellt. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Neue Laser und Strahlquellen - alte und neue Risiken?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paasch, Uwe; Schwandt, Antje; Seeber, Nikolaus; Kautz, Gerd; Grunewald, Sonja; Haedersdal, Merete

    2017-05-01

    Die Entwicklungen im Bereich dermatologischer Laser, hochenergetischer Blitzlampen, LED und neuer Energie- und Strahlquellen der letzten Jahre haben gezeigt, dass mit neuen Wellenlängen, Konzepten und Kombinationen zusätzliche, zum Teil über den ästhetischen Bereich hinaus gehende therapeutische Optionen für den Dermatologen erschlossen werden konnten. Wurden bisher zum Beispiel mit fraktionalen Lasern Falten behandelt, sind eben diese Systeme heute in Kombination mit Medikamenten wichtige Werkzeuge bei der Behandlung von Narben, bei Feldkanzerisierung und epithelialen Tumoren. Die Anforderungen an den die Indikation stellenden und vorzugsweise therapierenden Arzt steigen mit der immer komplexer werdenden Technik und den zunehmenden Komorbiditäten und Komedikationen einer älter werdenden Patientenklientel. Parallel etabliert wurden, zunächst für einige wenige Indikationen, Geräte für die Heimanwendung, die sich durch geringe Leistung und spezielle Sicherheitsvorkehrungen zur Vermeidung von Unfällen, Risiken und Nebenwirkungen auszeichnen. Trotz der reduzierten Effizienz solcher Selbstbehandlungsmaßnahmen steigt die Wahrscheinlichkeit einer Fehlanwendung, da die Grundvoraussetzung für eine korrekte Therapie, nämlich die exakte Diagnose und Indikationsstellung, nicht vorausgesetzt werden kann. Bei einer Haarentfernung können so Pigmenttumoren, bei einer Faltentherapie neoplastische Hautveränderungen adressiert und zu erwartende, unvorhergesehene und neue Nebenwirkungen und Komplikationen induziert werden. In diesem Szenario ist es wichtig, alle potenziellen Anwender dieser neuen Technologien vor deren Einsatz so zu qualifizieren, dass den Therapierten maximale Therapiesicherheit bei höchster Effizienz unter dem Leitbild diagnosis certa - ullae therapiae fundamentum garantiert wird. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Therapieoptionen beim Pyoderma gangraenosum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quist, Sven R; Kraas, Luise

    2017-01-01

    Das Pyoderma gangraenosum (PG) gehört zu den orphan diseases, deren Erforschung sich lediglich auf einzelne, randomisierte, multizentrische sowie retrospektive Studien stützen kann und überwiegend auf Fallserien an kleinen Patientenkollektiven beruht. Die Therapie basiert neben topischen und lokal intraläsionalen Therapieoptionen, bei initialem und leichtem Krankheitsverlauf, insbesondere auf der Gabe von Systemtherapeutika. Diese beinhaltet neben den systemischen Glukokortikosteroiden und Ciclosporin A (CsA) auch Biologika wie intravenöses Immunglobulin G (IVIG), die TNFα-Inhibitoren Infliximab, Adalimumab und Etanercept, den IL-12/23-Antikörper Ustekinumab, den Interleukin-1-Rezeptorantagonist Anakinra und den Interleukin-1β-Antikörper Canakinumab. Die besten evidenzbasierten Studienergebnisse liegen zu CsA, Prednisolon und Infliximab vor, letzteres insbesondere bei gleichzeitigem Vorliegen einer Colitis ulcerosa oder eines Morbus Crohn. Kleinere Fallserien liegen für ein Ansprechen auf IVIG und Canakinumab vor. Obwohl die Erstbeschreibung durch Brocq fast 100 Jahren zurückliegt und die Behandlungsnotwendigkeit des PG früh erkannt wurde, bleibt die Therapie des PG bis heute eine klinische Herausforderung. Weitere klinische Studien, insbesondere an dringend erforderlichen größeren Patientenkollektiven, ein besseres Verständnis der Ätiopathogenese, der Einsatz moderner zielgerichteter Therapien mit höherer Effektivität und geringerer Nebenwirkungsrate als die konventionellen Immunsuppressiva Prednisolon und CsA lassen trotz des seltenen aber schwerwiegenden Krankheitsbildes eine Verbesserung der Therapieoptionen in Zukunft erwarten. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Germany, high-tech country

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1997-01-01

    The Nuclear Technology Conference organized annually by the Deutsches Atomforum (DAtF) e.V. and the Kerntechnische Gesellschaft (KTG) e.V. was held in Aachen on May 13-15, 1997. Approximately 1000 participants from seventeen countries met to exchange information with experts from industry, research, science, and politics. Unlike earlier events, this one was not disturbed by demonstrations. DAtF President Dr. Wilfried Steuer welcomed Joachim H. Witt, Chief Executive Officer of the city of Aachen, who expressed words of welcome on behalf of his city at the opening of the plenary day of the conference. Energy policy and global competition were the optics of the address by Dr. Norbert Lammert, Parliamentary Undersecretary of State with the German Federal Ministry of Economics. He advocated grasping the changes offered by expanding global markets by reforming the structures of the energy supply sector. The rank of nuclear power in European research policy was explained by Fabricio Caccia Dominioni as representative of the European Commission. The electricity utilities were represented by Dr. Dietmar Kuhnt, Chief Executive Officer of RWE AG, who spoke about the security of energy investments. A thoughtful analysis of Germany as an industrial location was presented by Professor Dr. Herbert Henzler of McKinsey and Company Inc. The President of the European Nuclear Society (ENS), Ger R. Kuepers, sketched the development of nuclear power in the Netherlands, combining national and European aspects and emphasizing, in particular, the important function of ENS. Uranium enrichment as an European project was subject of the report by Dr. Klaus Messer, Urenco Ltd. The General Manager of Tractabel Energy Engineering and Chairman of Belgatom, Guy Frederic, examined the economic viability of nuclear power, appealing to the audience to reduce capital costs by innovation without detracting from safety. (orig./DG) [de

  15. The DGAV risk calculator: development and validation of statistical models for a web-based instrument predicting complications of colorectal cancer surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crispin, Alexander; Klinger, Carsten; Rieger, Anna; Strahwald, Brigitte; Lehmann, Kai; Buhr, Heinz-Johannes; Mansmann, Ulrich

    2017-10-01

    The purpose of this study is to provide a web-based calculator predicting complication probabilities of patients undergoing colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery in Germany. Analyses were based on records of first-time CRC surgery between 2010 and February 2017, documented in the database of the Study, Documentation, and Quality Center (StuDoQ) of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Allgemein- und Viszeralchirurgie (DGAV), a registry of CRC surgery in hospitals throughout Germany, covering demography, medical history, tumor features, comorbidity, behavioral risk factors, surgical procedures, and outcomes. Using logistic ridge regression, separate models were developed in learning samples of 6729 colon and 4381 rectum cancer patients and evaluated in validation samples of sizes 2407 and 1287. Discrimination was assessed using c statistics. Calibration was examined graphically by plotting observed versus predicted complication probabilities and numerically using Brier scores. We report validation results regarding 15 outcomes such as any major complication, surgical site infection, anastomotic leakage, bladder voiding disturbance after rectal surgery, abdominal wall dehiscence, various internistic complications, 30-day readmission, 30-day reoperation rate, and 30-day mortality. When applied to the validation samples, c statistics ranged between 0.60 for anastomosis leakage and 0.85 for mortality after rectum cancer surgery. Brier scores ranged from 0.003 to 0.127. While most models showed satisfactory discrimination and calibration, this does not preclude overly optimistic or pessimistic individual predictions. To avoid misinterpretation, one has to understand the basic principles of risk calculation and risk communication. An e-learning tool outlining the appropriate use of the risk calculator is provided.

  16. Data management, documentation and analysis systems in radiation oncology: a multi-institutional survey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kessel, Kerstin A.; Combs, Stephanie E.

    2015-01-01

    Recently, information availability has become more elaborate and widespread, and treatment decisions are based on a multitude of factors. Gathering relevant data, also referred to as Big Data, is therefore critical for reaching the best patient care, and enhancing interdisciplinary and clinical research. Combining patient data from all involved systems is essential to prepare unstructured data for analyses. This demands special coordination in data management. Our study aims to characterize current developments in German-speaking hospital departments and practices. We successfully conducted the survey with the members of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Radioonkologie (DEGRO). A questionnaire was developed consisting of 17 questions related to data management, documentation and clinical trial analyses, reflecting the clinical topics such as basic patient information, imaging, follow-up information as well as connection of documentation tools with radiooncological treatment planning machines. A total of 44 institutions completed the online survey (University hospitals n = 17, hospitals n = 13, practices/institutes n = 14). University hospitals, community hospitals and private practices are equally equipped concerning IT infrastructure for clinical use. However, private practices have a low interest in research work. All respondents stated the biggest obstacles about introducing a documentation system into their unit lie in funding and support of the central IT departments. Only 27 % (12/44) of responsible persons are specialists for documentation and data management. Our study gives an understanding of the challenges and solutions we need to be looking at for medical data storage. In the future, inter-departmental cross-links will enable the radiation oncology community to generate large-scale analyses. The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s13014-015-0543-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users

  17. In-flight medical emergencies during airline operations: a survey of physicians on the incidence, nature, and available medical equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinkelbein, Jochen; Neuhaus, Christopher; Böhm, Lennert; Kalina, Steffen; Braunecker, Stefan

    2017-01-01

    Background Data on the incidence of in-flight medical emergencies on-board civil aircraft are uncommon and rarely published. Such data could provide information regarding required medical equipment on-board aircraft and requisite training for cabin crew. The aim of the present study was to gather data on the incidences, nature, and medical equipment for in-flight medical emergencies by way of a survey of physician members of a German aerospace medical society. Materials and methods Using unipark.de (QuestBack GmbH, Cologne, Germany), an online survey was developed and used to gather specific information. Members of the German Society for Aviation and Space Medicine (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin e.V.; DGLRM) were invited to participate in the survey during a 4-week period (21 March 2015 to 20 April 2015). Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis (pemergency. Demographic parameters in this survey were in concordance with the society members’ demographics. The mean duration of flights was 5.7 hours and the respondents performed 7.1 airline flights per year (median). Cardiovascular (40.0%) and neurological disorders (17.8%) were the most frequent diagnoses. The medical equipment (78.7%) provided was sufficient. An emergency diversion was undertaken in 10.6% of the cases. Although using a different method of data acquisition, this survey confirms previous data on the nature of emergencies and gives plausible numbers. Conclusion Our data strongly argue for the establishment of a standardized database for recording the incidence and nature of in-flight medical emergencies. Such a database could inform on required medical equipment and cabin crew training. PMID:28260956

  18. Diagnostic precision of component-resolved vs. extract-based in vitro diagnosis of hymenoptera venom allergy: effects on clinical management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seyfarth, Florian; Miguel, Diana; Schliemann, Sibylle; Hipler, Uta-Christina

    2017-05-01

    The measurement of specific IgE (sIgE) antibodies plays a key role in the diagnosis of honeybee and wasp venom allergy. In recent years, component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) has been introduced, which allows for the measurement of sIgE antibodies against Api m 1, Ves v 1, Ves v 5, and Pol d 5, as well as cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants (CCDs). These tests are intended to help determine the clinical relevance of any given sensitization, especially in patients with dual sensitization. Specific IgE antibody levels were measured in 143 patients with bee and/or wasp venom allergy using the extract-based ImmunoCAP ® allergens i1 and i3 as well as the ImmunoCAP ® allergen components i208-211 and O214 (Api m 1, Ves v 1, Ves v 5, Pol d 5, CCDs). In patients with dual sensitization, inhibition testing was also performed. In a subgroup of the study population, sIgE to Api m 1, Api m 4, Pol d 5, and Ves v 5 were determined using the ISAC ® allergy microarray (n = 44). The sensitivity of Ves v 5 in patients with isolated wasp venom allergy was 78.5 %; in combination with Ves v 1, that figure increased to 92.3 %. The sensitivity of Api m 1 in individuals with isolated bee venom allergy was 25 %. CRD and inhibition testing in individuals with dual sensitization showed divergent results. CRD using the ISAC ® allergy microarray showed marked differences, especially with regard to Api m 1 and CCDs. Component-resolved tests are a valuable addition to the diagnostic spectrum as long as they are used in combination with established procedures. Apart from Ves v 5, measuring IgE antibodies to Ves v 1 should always be included in the diagnostic workup. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. Public relations work in the field of disposal of radioactive wastes in the Federal Republic of Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schmitt, R.

    1996-01-01

    Many institutions have participated in public relations work concerning the final disposal of radioactive wastes in Germany since preliminary research work in this field was started in the early 1960's. The large number of institutions involved necessitates a uniform phraseology, kept up to date by permanent exchanges of information. The Press and Public Information Section of the Bundesamt fur Strahlenschutz (BfS) is responsible for co-ordination, with the aim of presenting both the general disposal concept of the Federal Government, and the work done within the scope of individual projects in the field of final waste disposal. Public relations activities are supported by the Deutsche Gesellschaft zum Bau and Betrieb von Endlagern fur Abfallstoffe mbH (DBE) which conducts public relations work at site level. Since the early sixties radioactive waste disposal policy in Germany has been based on the decision that all kinds of radioactive wastes should be disposed of in deep geological formations. One operating repository and two different disposal projects are currently under was in Germany. The paper discusses these three sites and their public relations efforts. A lot of work has been done in the public relations field in Germany, for more than 15 years now. Open, comprehensive information and reporting are essential for transparent and credible representations of the activities necessary for the disposal of radioactive waste, as well as to create a climate of confidence in order to fashion a position identity for such large-scale projects. In addition to personal contacts, target-group oriented information meetings and scientifically understandable information material are important means to achieved this end. The permanent presence of contact persons at the sites supports this objective, especially with regard to information directed towards the general public. (author)

  20. Development of neurosurgery in Germany: comparison of data collected by polls for 1997, 2003, and 2008 among providers of neurosurgical care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiger, Hans J; Krämer, Michael; Reulen, Hans J

    2012-01-01

    To deduce structural trends in neurosurgery in Germany by comparison of data derived from polls conducted by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurochirurgie (DGNC) in 1997, 2003 and 2008. The questionnaires of the different polls probed a comparable set of issues. The data from the responding sample were extrapolated to the nationwide average or sum and compared between the different time periods. The number of identified neurosurgical departments increased from 146 to 201 during the years 1997-2008 largely as a result of the new foundation of numerous private groups. Nationwide total neurosurgical bed capacity and intensive care unit bed capacity increased modestly over the time period. The extrapolated total number of neurosurgical operations increased from 196,341 to 319,295. Although cranial and spinal neurosurgery remain the dominant subspecialties, the number of functional neurosurgical procedures and operations for pain increased more than proportionally. Outpatient procedures were established during the time period and corresponded in 2008 to a substantial proportion of the surgical volume. The total number of residents and board-certified neurosurgeons increased during the period 1997-2008 from 1513 to 1961. The proportion of residents decreased during 1997-2003 and then increased again. The number of neurosurgical operations increased in Germany proportionally to the economic growth of other service branches over the time period. Private organizations developed more than neurosurgical departments at university and other general hospitals. Work density measured as operations per physician increased during the period 1997-2008. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Medical error analysis in dermatology according to the reports of the North Rhine Medical Association from 2004-2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Lion; Wesselmann, Ulrich; Weber, Beate; Smentkowski, Ulrich

    2015-09-01

    Patient safety is a central issue of health care provision. There are various approaches geared towards improving health care provision and patient safety. By conducting a systematic retrospective error analysis, the present article aims to identify the most common complaints brought forth within the field of dermatology over a period of ten years. The reports of the Expert Committee for Medical Malpractice Claims of the North Rhine Medical Association (from 2004 to 2013) on dermatological procedures were analyzed (n =  247 reports in the field of dermatology). Expert medical assessments in the field of dermatology are most frequently commissioned for nonsurgical therapies (e.g. laser therapy, phototherapy). While suspected diagnostic errors constitute the second most common reason for complaints, presumed dermatosurgery-related errors represent the least common reason for commissioning expert medical assessments. The most common and easily avoidable sources of medical errors include failure to take a biopsy despite suspicious clinical findings, or incorrect clinicopathological correlations resulting in deleterious effects for the patient. Furthermore, given the potential for incorrect indications and the inadequate selection of devices to be used as well as their parameter settings, laser and phototherapies harbor an increased risk in the treatment of dermatological patients. The fourth major source of error leading to complaints relates to incorrect indications as well as incorrect dosage and administration of drugs. Analysis of expert medical assessment reports on treatment errors in dermatology as well as other medical specialties is helpful and provides an opportunity to identify common sources of error and error-prone structures. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Sexual risk behavior, sexually transmitted infections, and HIV transmission risks in HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) - approaches for medical prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esser, Stefan; Krotzek, Judith; Dirks, Henrike; Scherbaum, Norbert; Schadendorf, Dirk

    2017-04-01

    Rising incidence rates of HIV and STIs (sexually transmitted infections) among MSM (men who have sex with men) in Germany since 2001 call for new approaches in medical prevention. The present study addresses appropriate parameters to identify those HIV-positive MSM who are at high risk for transmitting HIV and STIs. Over a two-year period, 223 HIV-positive MSM attending the HIV outpatient clinic at the University Medical Center Essen (Germany) were systematically surveyed with respect to their sexual behavior, substance abuse, and psychological well-being in the preceding year. Data analyzed included laboratory and clinical data from the time of the initial HIV diagnosis until January 2014. In HIV-positive MSM, a history of substance abuse, promiscuity, younger age, and known STIs was associated with a greater incidence of unprotected sexual intercourse and STIs. Apart from a detectable viral load, additional HIV-specific parameters associated with an increased HIV transmission risk included untreated HIV infection, adherence problems, changes in antiretroviral treatment over the preceding twelve months, known multiresistant HIV infection, and a higher CD 4 nadir. Despite routine quarterly monitoring of viral loads - the result thereof was communicated to patients - only 60 % of individuals assessed their HIV transmission risk correctly. In HIV-positive MSM, patient history and routine laboratory tests allow for the establishment of patient profiles that suggest sexual behavior associated with a high risk of HIV and STI transmission, thus offering new approaches for medical prevention. © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. New lasers and light sources - old and new risks?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paasch, Uwe; Schwandt, Antje; Seeber, Nikolaus; Kautz, Gerd; Grunewald, Sonja; Haedersdal, Merete

    2017-05-01

    Recent developments (new wavelengths, treatment concepts, and combinations) in the field of lasers, intense pulsed light (IPL), LED, as well as new energy and light sources have opened up new therapeutic options that extend beyond mere aesthetic indications. Thus, while fractional lasers used to be employed to merely treat wrinkles, the same devices - in the context of laser-assisted drug delivery - have now become important tools in the treatment of scars, field cancerization, and epithelial tumors. The requirements posed to physicians, both with respect to establishing the indication and conducting treatment, have been growing along with the increase in technological complexity as well as the rising number of comorbidities and comedications in a patient population that continues to age. At the same time, home-use devices have been introduced for a variety of indications. These devices are characterized by low power and special safety features aimed at preventing accidents, risks, and side effects. Despite the reduced efficacy of such self-treatment devices, there is an increased risk of misuse, given that the basic prerequisite for adequate treatment cannot be ensured, to wit, the exact diagnosis and therapeutic indication. Consequently, during hair removal or anti-wrinkle treatment, pigmented lesions and cutaneous neoplasms may be altered, thus giving rise to expected, unexpected and new side effects and complications. In the aforementioned setting, it is important that all potential users of these new technologies be properly trained in a manner that ensures those treated a maximum of safety and efficacy in accordance with the guiding principle "diagnosis certa - ullae therapiae fundamentum". © 2017 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Occupational syncarcinogenesis in the skin - combined effects of two carcinogens from the German occupational disease list.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickel, Heinrich; Blome, Otto; Dickel, Beate; Bruckner, Thomas; Stockfleth, Eggert; Soemantri, Silas Paras

    2016-12-01

    Though scientifically undisputed, cutaneous syncarcinogenesis is not reflected in German occupational disease (OD) regulations, which tend to be guided by the tenet of monocausality. Recognition of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and its precursor lesions as OD requires individual assessment as to whether the requirements pursuant to either OD 5103 (occupational exposure to natural UV radiation) or OD 5102 (occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) are fulfilled. Retrospective analysis of 28 patients (median age 72.5 years) with NMSC and respective precursor lesions who had been occupationally exposed to natural UV radiation and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. All cases had undergone expert medical assessment between September 2012 and September 2015. According to our assessments, all 28 cases met the occupational requirements pursuant to OD 5103 and 5102. In 26 cases (93 %), we recommended recognition of skin cancer as occupational disease pursuant to both OD 5103 and OD 5102. The competent occupational insurance association (BG) followed our recommendation in four cases. In eight cases, recognition was solely based on OD 5103; in ten cases, only on OD 5102. Four cases were denied recognition. Following adequate cumulative occupational exposure to natural UV light as well as occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, NMSC or its precursor lesions arising in UV-exposed areas should be reported to the competent occupational insurance association as "OD 5103 and 5102 in terms of syncarcinogenesis". Apart from the fact that the ensuing recognition proceedings will be able to more adequately reflect real-life workplace conditions, filing a report pursuant to both ODs also allows for recognition of basal cell carcinoma as occupational disease. According to current regulations, this would not be possible, if the assessment were solely based on OD 5103. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons

  5. Retrospektive Analyse von56 Weichteildefekten nach einzeitiger Rekonstruktion unter Verwendung von Dermisersatzpräparaten.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gümbel, Denis; Ackerl, Martin; Napp, Matthias; Daeschlein, Georg; Spranger, Nikolai; Stope, Matthias B; Ekkernkamp, Axel; Matthes, Gerrit

    2016-06-01

    Der Verschluss von Wunden mit ausgeprägtem Weichteilschaden stellt eine chirurgische Herausforderung dar und erfordert häufig umfangreiche plastische Operationen sowie freie Lappenplastiken. Die Kombination von Dermisersatzpräparaten und Spalthauttransplantationen ist eine innovative Methode die zur Versorgung von komplexen Verletzungen der Extremitäten angewandt werden kann. Wir haben diese Technik in das Standard-Handwerkszeug bei komplexen Verletzungen der Extremitäten aufgenommen. Die klinischen Ergebnisse von 56 behandelten Patienten werden vorgestellt. In 44 Fällen (78,6 %) wurde die beschriebene Methode an Defekten der unteren Extremitäten verwendet, einschließlich sieben Personen (12,5 %), die sich einer Stumpfdeckung nach Amputation unterzogen. Zwölf Defekte (21,4 %) befanden sich an den oberen Extremitäten. In zwei Fällen (3,6 %) wurde die Matriderm(®) -Matrix verwendet, um Nerven von unmittelbar angrenzenden chirurgischen Implantaten zu schützen. Bei 41 Patienten (73,2 %) kam es zur Einheilung des Transplantats ohne Komplikationen. Fünfzehn Patienten (26,8 %) zeigten eine gestörte Wundheilung nach Defektverschluss, die unter konservativer Therapie zur Ausheilung gebracht werden konnte. Ein Patient (1,8 %) zeigte ein Transplantatversagen, was eine Revisionsoperation erforderlich machte. Umfangreiche plastische Rekonstruktionen mussten bei keinem Patienten angewandt werden. Bei Fällen, in denen ausgedehnte plastische Operationen nicht möglich oder nicht erwünscht sind, ist die Verwendung von Dermisersatzpräparaten in Kombination mit Spalthauttransplantationen eine vielversprechende Alternative zum Wundverschluss bei ausgedehnten Weichteilschäden. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Prognostischer Wert der Fläche und Dichte von Lymphgefäßen bei kutanem Plattenepithelkarzinom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krediet, Jorien Tannette; Kanitakis, Jean; Bob, Adrienne; Schmitter, Julia; Carine Krediet, Annelot; Röwert, Joachim; Stockfleth, Eggert; Painsi, Clemens; Hügel, Rainer; Terhorst, Dorothea; Lange-Asschenfeldt, Bernhard

    2016-11-01

    Kutane Plattenepithelkarzinome (SCC) sind bekannt für ihre Fähigkeit, über Lymphgefäße zu metastasieren. In neueren Studien wird das Ausmaß der Lymphangiogenese als möglicher prognostischer Faktor bei einigen Hauttumoren genannt. Ziel dieser Studie war die Quantifizierung der Lymphangiogenese bei SCC entweder durch computergestützte Bildanalyse oder mithilfe der Zählmethode nach Chalkley. Gefäßparameter wurden im Hinblick auf ihre Vorhersagekraft für die Bildung von Tumormetastasen beurteilt und verglichen. In dieser Fallkontrollstudie wurden die klinischen und histologischen Daten von jeweils 15 SCC-Patienten mit bzw. ohne Metastasen retrospektiv analysiert. In den SCC-Proben wurde der für das Lymphendothel spezifische Marker D2-40 und der pan-vaskuläre Marker CD31 immunhistochemisch angefärbt und durch computergestützte morphometrische Bildanalyse in Hotspots sowie mithilfe der digitalisierten Zählmethode nach Chalkley analysiert. Die Dichte von Lymphgefäßen, die relative Lymphgefäßfläche und die mit der Chalkley-Methode ermittelte Zahl an Lymphgefäßen (Chalkley-Count) waren bei metastasierten SCC signifikant erhöht. Die Tumordicke war bei metastasierten SCC signifikant höher und besaß die höchste Vorhersagekraft für eine Metastasierung. Die Tumordicke war ein signifikanter Prädiktor für Lymphangiogeneseparameter. Die Lymphangiogenese ist bei metastasierten SCC erhöht, doch ihr Ausmaß wird von der Tumordicke beeinflusst. Die Tumordicke bildet weiterhin den zuverlässigsten prädiktiven Faktor für die Metastasierung. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. Evaluation of time, attendance of medical staff, and resources during stereotactic radiotherapy/radiosurgery. QUIRO-DEGRO trial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zabel-du Bois, A.; Milker-Zabel, S.; Debus, J. [Heidelberg Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Radiotherapy and Radiooncology; Henzel, M.; Engenhart-Cabillic, R. [Marburg Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology; Popp, W. [Prime Networks AG, Basel (Switzerland); Sack, H. [Essen Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Radiation Oncology

    2012-09-15

    Background: The German Society of Radiation Oncology ('Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Radioonkologie', DEGRO) initiated a multicenter trial to develop and evaluate adequate modules to assert core processes and subprocesses in radiotherapy. The aim of this prospective evaluation was to methodical assess the required resources (technical equipment and medical staff) for stereotactic radiotherapy/radiosurgery. Material and methods: At two radiotherapy centers of excellence (University Hospitals of Heidelberg and Marburg/Giessen), the manpower and time required for the implementation of intra- and extracranial stereotactic radiotherapy was prospectively collected consistently over a 3-month period. The data were collected using specifically developed process acquisition tools and standard forms and were evaluated using specific process analysis tools. Results: For intracranial (extracranial) fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) and radiosurgery (RS), a total of 1,925 (270) and 199 (36) records, respectively, could be evaluated. The approximate time needed to customize the immobilization device was median 37 min (89 min) for FRST and 31 min (26 min) for RS, for the contrast enhanced planning studies 22 and 27 min (25 and 28 min), for physical treatment planning 122 and 59 min (187 and 27 min), for the first and routine radiotherapy sessions for FSRT 40 and 13 min (58 and 31 min), respectively. The median time needed for the RS session was 58 min (45 min). The corresponding minimal manpower needed was 2 technicians for customization of the immobilization device, 2.5 technicians and 1 consultant for the contrast-enhanced planning studies, 1 consultant, 0.5 resident and 0.67 medical physics expert (MPE) for physical treatment planning, as well as 1 consultant, 0.5 resident, and 2.5 technicians for the first radiotherapy treatment and 2.33 technicians for routine radiotherapy sessions. Conclusion: For the first time, the resource requirements for a

  8. "Land der Berge, Land der Seen": Zum Oesterreichbild in amerikanischen Deutsch-Lehrbuechern ("Land of Mountains, Land of Lakes": On the Picture of Austria Presented by German Textbooks in the USA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koppensteiner, Juergen

    1978-01-01

    Nearly all German textbooks currently used in the USA either entirely fail to mention Austria, or else portray it by means of myths, cliches (Apfelstrudel, Sachertorte, Gemuetlichkeit), and often with outright untruths. The American student gets a picture of Austria as an "underdeveloped Disneyland of Europe". (WGA)

  9. Die Vergangenheitstempora als Lehr- und Lerngegenstand im Fach "Deutsch als Fremdsprache" (The Past Tenses as a Topic of Teaching and Learning in the Field of "German as a Foreign Language)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latzel, Sigbert

    1974-01-01

    Evaluates tenses as to (1) communicative importance, (2) frequency, and (3) range. Under (1), finds actual tense less important than accompanying adverbials and extra-linguistic factors. Discusses chief difficulties appearing in use and interpretation of past tenses, and how the results of linguistic research may help to deal with them. (Text is…

  10. Ein Stiefkind des Unterrichts in Deutsch als Fremdsprache: Ausspracheschulung (A Stepchild in the Teaching of German as a Foreign Language: Training in Pronunciation. Experiences in the Production of a Pronunciation Course for Schools)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goebel, Heinz; Graffmann, Heinrich

    1977-01-01

    Describes a course in pronunciation produced in Buenos Aires as a supplement to a school textbook in German. The course, available on tape, was tried out in twelve schools, and was found usable beginning with Grade 3. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  11. Deutsch als Fremdsprache für den Beruf lernen – doch (ab wann? Ein altersgruppen- und niveaustufenspezifischer Zugang zur Diskussion um die berufliche Ausrichtung von DaF-Curricula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias Prikoszovits

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Im Fremdsprachenunterricht ist seit einigen Jahrzehnten insbesondere aufgrund der Internationalisierung der Arbeitsmärkte eine verstärkte Berufsorientierung ausmachbar, der sich die Forschung bereits widmet. Einschlägige Untersuchungen berücksichtigen jedoch altersgruppen- sowie niveaustufenspezifische Aspekte der beruflichen Ausrichtung von DaF-Curricula zu wenig. Der Beitrag thematisiert, inwieweit aktuelle DaF-Curricula auf verschiedenen Alters-/Kompetenzstufen auf berufssprachliches Handeln vorbereiten und inwieweit diese Vorbereitung in Curricula früher bzw. stärker berücksichtigt werden könnte und sollte. Dafür wird offengelegt, auf welchen Kompetenzstufen des GER bzw. in welchen Schul‑/Altersstufen Berufsorientierung in aktuellen DaF-Lehrplänen die größtmögliche Bedeutung erlangt. Aus der Bilanz sind Konsequenzen ableitbar, die sich für weitere Untersuchungen ergeben, wenn ein altersgruppen- und niveaustufenspezifischer Zugang zum Forschungsfeld gewählt wird. Over the past few decades, there has been an observable increase in professionally oriented foreign language teaching, due above all to the increasing internationalisation of labour markets. This trend has been noted by research, but most investigations in this area have given too little attention to age group and learner-level specific aspects of professionally oriented GFL curricula. This paper discusses how far current GFL curricula at or for different age and competence levels prepare students for vocational language use and how far this preparation could and should be considered earlier and more robustly in curricula. In this way, the paper sheds light on which levels of the CEF and in which school forms or age groups professional orientation is most significant. The conclusions of this survey are relevant to and raise questions for further research into age and competence level specific learning.

  12. Mitmachen oder wegschauen – Der Holocaust und die deutsche Bevölkerung Crisis of Orientation and the Discourse of Violence of the Fin de Siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albrecht Wiesener

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Victoria J. Barnett befasst sich mit der zentralen Frage jeder historischen Diskussion des Holocaust: Warum blieben die meisten Deutschen angesichts der brutalen und rassistischen Politik gegen die Juden passiv? Ihre Studie konzentriert sich auf das Phänomen der „Bystander“ – Zuschauer, Beobachter, Mitwisser – , das ethische und moralische Fragen zum Verhalten der Mehrzahl der Deutschen während des Holocaust aufwirft. Ausgehend von vielfältigem Quellenmaterial untersucht Barnett das Phänomen auf drei Ebenen: der individuellen, der institutionellen und der internationalen. Ziel des Buches ist es, den Leser/-innen eine komplexere Sicht auf das Verhalten von „Bystandern“ zu bieten, welche auch auf aktuelle Erscheinungsformen von Genozid und Terror angewendet werden kann.In her book, Victoria J. Barnett takes up the central question of any historical discussion of the Holocaust: Why did most Germans remain passive in the face of the brutal and racist policy against the Jews? Her study focuses on the bystander phenomenon that does not only reveal a historical problem but raises ethical and moral questions about the behaviour of the majority of Germans during the Holocaust. Drawing from a wide variety of sources, Barnett examines the historical and ethical implications of bystander behaviour on three levels: the individual, institutional, and international. Mechanisms of denial and complicity functioned on all of theses levels. The books aim is to give the reader a more complex view on the bystander phenomenon that too can applied on more current appearances of genocide and terror.

  13. Competitiveness, export control and export promotion of dual-use goods. European and German balancing exercises; Wettbewerbsfaehigkeit, Exportkontrolle und Exportfoerderung von Dual-Use-Guetern. Europaeische und deutsche Spagatuebungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feldmann, Ulrike

    2014-08-15

    The EU Commission Communication of 24 April 2014 to the Council and the European Parliament ''The review of export control policy: Ensuring Security and Competitiveness in a changing world'' as well as the increasingly number of inquiries and applications to the German Federal Government (e.g. the rejection of Hermes guarantees and state funding of nuclear export and termination of bilateral cooperation in the field of nuclear technologies) once again reason to discuss the current tension between the principle of free movement of goods, competitiveness and export promotion on the one hand and the export control on the other.

  14. The impact of the Russian lobbying on the German and European energy policy. The case Gazprom; Die Auswirkung der russischen Lobbyarbeit auf die deutsche und europaeische Energiepolitik. Das Fallbeispiel Gazprom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milaqi, Bledar

    2012-11-01

    The author of the contribution under consideration reports on the relationship between Germany, the European Union and Gazprom (Moscow, Russia). The author supports the hypothesis that Gazprom pushes the idea of an immediate common European energy strategy by its activities and impacts the German and European energy policy. The aspects of the participation of the Russian politics in the strategic decision-making bodies of Gazprom in key situations are elucidated.

  15. Review: Sylvia Keim (2003). "So richtig deutsch wird man nie sein ..." – Junge Migrantinnen und Migranten in Deutschland. Zwischen Integration und Ausgrenzung ["You Will Never Be Truly German ... "—Young Migrants in Germany. Between Integration and Exclusion

    OpenAIRE

    Andreas Klärner

    2004-01-01

    Young Migrants in Germany have to face multiple forms of xenophobia and exclusion. Sylvia KEIM deals with the effects that these have on young migrants' lifeworld and identity formation. She conducted qualitative interviews with five members of the second generation of migrants. Despite their formal "integration", they are often marginalized by their foreign background and, therefore, treated as second class citizens, strongly affecting their self-esteem. KEIM analyses these experiences using...

  16. Practical evaluation model of environmental and climate protection issues for the use of biogas with comparative applications in Germany and China; Praktisches Bewertungsmodell von Umwelt- und Klimaschutzaspekten fuer die Nutzung von Biogas im deutsch-chinesischen Vergleich

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Chenxing

    2010-03-15

    Climate protection is the greatest environmental challenge. Recently, the interaction between climate change and constantly scarcer fossil fuels provides a boom in renewable energy. Of these, the use of biogas in Germany is a key component of renewable energy beside projects for wind energy and solar energy. In China, the situation of utilizing biogas is complicated, but also has become increasingly important. The author of the contribution under consideration identifies the key environmental issues and issues of climatic change. An evaluation modell is developed. Potential differences in the use of biogas in Germany and China are compared and discussed.

  17. Joint Statement on the Energy Transition in France and Germany by the Four Academies: Nationale Akademie der Wissenschaften Leopoldina, acatech - Deutsche Akademie der Technikwissenschaften, Academie des Sciences, Academie des Technologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Balibar, Sebastien; Brechignac, Catherine; Brezin, Edouard; Candel, Sebastien; Fontecave, Marc; Guillaumont, Robert; Roux, Didier; Appert, Olivier; Bamberger, Yves; Bugat, Alain; Chambolle, Thierry; Charpin, Jean-Michel; Escatha, Yannik d'; Florette, Marc; Revellin-Falcoz, Bruno; Roucairol, Gerard; Tardieu, Bernard; Gehrisch, Wolf; Bolt, Harald; Haucap, Justus; Huettl, Reinhard; Jakobs, Eva-Maria; Muench, Wolfram; Renn, Ortwin; Umbach, Eberhard; Glotzbach, Ulrich; Grosskurth, Philipp; Stephanos, Cyril; Bradshaw, Alexander; Rehtanz, Christian; Schueth, Ferdi; Schwarze, Reimund; Wagner, Hermann-Josef; Wittig, Sigmar; Anton, Christian; Narmann, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    A source of welfare, health, social and economic development, energy is essential to human life. Meeting world energy demand, restraining energy consumption in developed countries, and reducing global emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) raises fundamental challenges for the future of our planet. Because the problem is so pervasive and because of the approaching 21. UN Climate Change Conference, COP 21, the four National Academies of science and technology in France and Germany decided to enhance their mutual cooperation and to organize two workshops on the 'energy transition'. This initiative is intended to provide a framework for sharing knowledge, anticipating future challenges, identifying areas for closer cooperation between our countries and generating advice for decision makers and society in general. The workshops defined priority areas for further collaboration. These include energy efficiency, grid infrastructure and smart grids, mobility, nuclear energy (fission): safety and waste management, fusion, renewable energies, energy storage as well as social and economic aspects of the energy transition. In view of the complex challenges, compounded by the political debate, and the different conditions and starting points for the energy transition in the two countries, the four academies also identified the following common lines of action. 1. Creating a sustainable energy system. The overriding aim of energy and climate policy in this century will be to create a sustainable system of energy supply, i.e. one in which GHG emissions are substantially reduced worldwide, while at the same time ensuring security of supply. This will require a long-term perspective, as well as a suitable balance between environmental goals, social expectations, and economic objectives. 2. Promoting collaborative policies. The academies welcome the stated intention of both governments to support effective energy and climate policies on a European level through the medium of a European Energy Union. This will make energy more sustainable, affordable and secure, and produce policies that are compatible with those implemented in other parts of the world. In this spirit, the academies particularly encourage the effort of both governments to reach an ambitious international climate agreement during COP 21 in Paris at the end of 2015. 3. Asserting the central role of science, technology and industrial development. Achieving an efficient energy transition resulting in a substantial net reduction of GHG emissions raises complex issues that are usually underestimated. They will require solutions that are fundamentally based on science, technology and industrial know-how. The academies thus support strong funding programmes for energy R and D, in particular for long-term basic research in crosscutting topics. Such programmes should focus on novel approaches and, if designed properly, would also help to improve the international competitiveness of European industry. 4. Raising public awareness of energy policies. To promote a systemic and shared understanding of the energy system, it is important to understand public expectations and enhance public awareness of energy issues and constraints. Ultimately, a European energy vision should evolve on which the European citizens can agree. 5. Enhancing French-German scientific, technological and industrial cooperation. Both France and Germany need innovation and breakthroughs in the energy field. They are fortunately endowed with a high degree of competence in the appropriate areas, but would both benefit from more intense scientific and industrial cooperation. Finally, the academies suggest the establishment of an academy led French-German consultative research committee which could discuss both research issues of mutual interest and priorities in connection with the energy transition. It could also provide a means for assessing developments in the two countries

  18. Good neighborhood in a crisis? Germans and French in search of a common energy policy (1973 - 1980); Stoerfall fuer die gute Nachbarschaft? Deutsche und Franzosen auf der Suche nach einer gemeinsamen Energiepolitik (1973-1980)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tauer, Sandra

    2012-11-01

    The oil crisis of autumn 1973 was a turning point of the seventies. Citizens of industrialized countries were brought to realize their dependence on Arab imported oil the hard way. Using the example of German-French relations, the author investigates if there were instances of cooperation in energy policy, and in what concrete manner. Using historical primary energy sources, she starts by investigating the actions and political strategies of the German and French governments and also describes the search for multilateral solutions. Examples are presented to show how civil society is affected. This first systematic analysis of German-French relations shows that energy policy had great importance for the bilateral relation even though results of German-French cooperation were few and far between.

  19. Development of a central information system, communication system and cooperation system for the German Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (IKK-DAS); Aufbau eines zentralen Informations-, Kommunikations- und Kooperationssystems fuer die Deutsche Anpassungsstrategie an den Klimawandel (IKK-DAS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bloser, Marcus [IKU GmbH, Dortmund (Germany); Venjakob, Johannes [Wuppertal Institut fuer Klima, Umwelt, Energie GmbH, Wuppertal (Germany); Wilforth, Stephan [tetraeder.com GmbH, Dortmund (Germany)

    2010-03-15

    The research project started in April, 2008 before adoption of the cabinet report of the Federal Government to the German strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change. The German Strategy for Adaptation emphasizes the meaning of information about requirements for adaptation and the active involvement of all social groups in the other process of the strategy. For this the research project has made concrete proposals for the information, communication and participation of social groups. These proposals are based in the essentials on an interest analysis about interviews with stakeholders and the economy to their demands and expectations to the German strategy for Adaptation. Besides we have researched international examples for the adaptation to the climate change for the public relations. For the interactive development of the Internet platform www.anpassung.net concrete proposals were developed. (orig.)

  20. Energy policy in Germany upon Fukushima. The impact of the nuclear accident on the German energy policy; Energiepolitik in Deutschland nach Fukushima. Der Einfluss des Atomungluecks auf die deutsche Energiepolitik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellnhofer, Martin

    2012-11-01

    The author of the book under consideration analyzes the media reports of the daily newspapers ''Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung'', ''Sueddeutsche Zeitung'' and ''Die Zeit'' with respect to the influence of the nuclear accident in Fukushima on the German energy policy. The author examines the background to the current energy policy debate. A holistic approach is used to understand the political decisions. The holistic approach describes the energy policy discourse since the beginning of the planned nuclear phase-out in the year 1998. Thus, the holistic approach is a prerequisite for a comparative analysis of the discourses.

  1. German co-operation in the IEA WG 'Materials in Solar Thermal Collectors'. Final report; Deutsche Mitarbeit in der IEA - Arbeitsgruppe 'Materials in Solar Thermal Collectors'. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koehl, M.; Heck, M.; Kuebler, V.; Steinhart, J.

    2000-07-01

    To effectively select, use and maintain a material in a given application, its degradation under service conditions must be predicted prior to use. Preferably, the durability of the material should be expressed quantitatively in terms of an expected service life. Durability in this case is the ability of a material to withstand deterioration caused by all external factors in the environment, which may influence the performance of the material under service conditions. Service life is defined as the period of time after installation during which specific material properties important for the performance of the material meet or exceed minimum acceptable values. The present recommended qualification procedure for solar absorber surface durability is based on the conduct of a series of short term durability tests. During a test the optical performance of absorber surface tested is determined by measuring its solar absorptance and thermal emittance. From the loss in optical performance of absorber surface, its failure time in the test performed is assessed and compared with the shortest acceptable failure time set by the design service life of absorber. Design service life, performance requirement defining failure time in terms of loss in optical performance, classification of type and levels of environmental stress are set under the assumption, that the absorber surface tested will be installed in a flat plate solar collector for use in domestic hot water systems. (orig.)

  2. The quantity does it? The EEG 2017 and the consequences for the German energy transition; Menge macht's? Das EEG 2017 und die Folgen fuer die deutsche Energiewende

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meya, Jasper N.; Neetzow, Paul [Oldenburg Univ. (Germany); Humboldt Univ., Berlin (Germany); Neubauer, Linda; Pechan, Anna [Oldenburg Univ. (Germany)

    2016-11-15

    The Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) has so far been the driving force behind German energy transition and has found many imitators internationally as an effective funding instrument. With the reform of the EEG, which was approved by the Federal Government, the promotion of renewable energies (EE) was shifted from the current price to a quantity control. The present analysis of the impact of the switch to cost-efficiency, the diversity of actors, the achievement of the EE production targets and network consistency shows that the efficiency advantages of tendering may be reduced by higher transaction costs and regional expansion ambitions dampened. The tendered quantities are not sufficient for the long term to increase EE share to the targeted level. It is also doubtful whether a grid-compatible EE expansion is achieved. [German] Das Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz (EEG) war bislang der Motor der deutschen Energiewende und hat als effektives Foerderinstrument international viele Nachahmer gefunden. Mit der von der Bundesregierung beschlossenen Reform des EEG wird die Foerderung der erneuerbaren Energien (EE) von der bisherigen Preis- auf eine Mengensteuerung umgestellt. Die vorliegende Analyse der Auswirkungen der Umstellung auf Kosteneffizienz, Akteursvielfalt, Erreichen der EE-Erzeugungsziele und Netzkonformitaet zeigt, dass die Effizienzvorteile der Ausschreibungen ggf. durch hoehere Transaktionskosten verringert und regionale Ausbauambitionen gedaempft werden. Die ausgeschriebenen Mengen reichen langfristig nicht aus, um den EE-Anteil zielkonform zu erhoehen. Es ist zudem fraglich, ob ein netzkonformer EE-Ausbau erreicht wird.

  3. Not a bad result. German solar producers were able to retain their world market share in 2010; Nicht schlecht geschlagen. Deutsche Solarfirmen konnten im Jahr 2010 ihren Weltmarktanteil in etwa halten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krause, Matthias B.; Podewils, Christoph

    2011-01-15

    The German solar industry was quite successful in 2010. More silicon, solar wafers, solar cells, solar modules, and current inverters were produced and sold than in the year before. Expectations for 2011 are good, and many producers intend to enhance their production capacities as this is the only way to keep up. Fast growth, cost reduction, and the development of interesting markets abroad are key elements of success.

  4. Os deutsch-brasilianer em oposição ao PRR: um estudo de caso a respeito dos municípios de origem germânica que derrotaram o PRR nas eleições de 1891

    OpenAIRE

    Mossmann Sobrinho, Paulo Gilberto

    2014-01-01

    Esta dissertação tem como temática principal a apreciação dos teutos na constituição política do Rio Grande do Sul durante o período de transição política entre a Monarquia e a República. Delimita-se como período para análise dos fatos a década de oitenta do século XIX (período durante o qual pode-se perceber a presença dos teutos na política brasileira), tendo-se como o ponto nevrálgico o ano de 1891, ano da eleição constitucional no Rio Grande do Sul. O resultado nas urnas demonstrou o cará...

  5. Wie nutzen deutsche Tiermedizinerinnen und Tiermediziner soziale Netzwerke? Eine Untersuchung am Beispiel des tiermedizinischen Netzwerks „NOVICE“ [How do German veterinarians use social networks? A study, using the example of the 'NOVICE' veterinary medicine network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schaper, Elisabeth

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available [english] Objective: NOVICE (Network Of Veterinary ICT in Education, , is a professional online social network for veterinarians, lecturers and students of veterinary medicine as well as for e-Learning advisers and others working in establishments that teach veterinary medicine. This study sets out to investigate to what extent German veterinarians, lecturers, students of veterinary medicine and e-Learning representatives would accept a specialist network, what requirements would have to be met by an online social network, how to use web 2.0 tools , and what advantages a specialist network could offer. Methodology: The investigation was carried out by analysing data from the Elgg platform database as well as using Google Analytics. Annual focus group surveys and individual interviews were carried out in order to perform an analysis of acceptance among network users.Results: 1961 users from 73 different countries registered on the NOVICE site between 1 September 2010 and 21 March 2012. Germany represents the biggest user group, with 565 users (28.81%. During this period, most individual hits on the website came from Germany too. In total, 24.83% of all members are active, while 19.22% of German members participate actively. In terms of gender, there are significantly more female members than male members, both in the NOVICE network as a whole as well as in Germany. The most used web 2.0 tools are chat and email messaging services as well as writing wikis and contributing to forum discussions. The focus group surveys showed that respondents generally make use of other online communities too. Active members generally use more web 2.0 tools than in other networks, while passive members are generally more reluctant in all networks. All participants of the survey welcomed the idea of having a network specifically set up for the profession and believe that it could be very useful for veterinary medicine.Conclusions: The network and its membership figures developed very positively during the assessed time period. Until now, the focus of the content of contributions in NOVICE (Network of Veterinary ICT in Education has been on veterinary medicine teaching supported by e-Learning. An increase in the number of members would, however, be beneficial in order to further develop the network so that valuable exchange of information and informal learning can also take place in other specialist areas of veterinary medicine. [german] Zielsetzung: NOVICE (Network Of Veterinary ICt in Education, ist ein soziales professionelles online-Netzwerk für Tiermediziner, Dozierende und Studierende der Tiermedizin sowie für E-Learning-Berater bzw. Didaktiker der veterinärmedizinischen Bildungsstätten. In dieser Arbeit sollte untersucht werden, wie die Akzeptanz bei deutschen Tierärzten, Dozierenden und Studierenden der Veterinärmedizin sowie E-Learning-Beauftragten für ein fachspezifisches Netzwerk ist, welche Anforderungen durch die Nutzer an soziale online-Netzwerke gestellt werden, wie der Umgang mit Web 2.0-Werkzeugen , erfolgt und welches Potential ein berufsspezifisches Netzwerk bieten könnte. Methodik: Die Untersuchung erfolgte mittels Datenanalyse durch die Datenbank der Elgg-Plattform sowie zusätzlich mit google analytics. Jährliche Fokusgruppenbefragungen und Einzelinterviews wurden durchgeführt, um eine Akzeptanzanalyse der Netzwerk-Nutzer vorzunehmen.Ergebnisse: In NOVICE haben sich zwischen dem 01. September 2010 und 21. März 2012 1961 Mitglieder aus 73 Ländern registriert, dabei hat Deutschland mit 565 Nutzern (28,81% den größten Anteil. In diesem Zeitraum kamen auch die meisten Einzelbesuche der Webseite aus Deutschland. Insgesamt sind im Netzwerk 24,83% aller Mitglieder und 19,22% der deutschen Mitglieder aktiv. In Bezug auf das Geschlecht befinden sich sowohl in Hinblick auf alle Mitglieder als auch auf die deutschen Mitglieder deutlich mehr Frauen als Männer in NOVICE. Die am häufigsten verwendeten Web 2.0-Werkzeuge sind das Versenden von Chat- und Email-Nachrichten sowie das Schreiben von Wiki- und Diskussionsbeiträgen. Aus den Fokusgruppenbefragungen ging hervor, dass von den Befragten in der Regel auch andere online-communities in Anspruch genommen werden, die aktiven Mitglieder mehr Web 2.0-Werkzeuge nutzen als in anderen Netzwerken, während die passiven Mitglieder in allen Netzwerken eher zurückhaltend sind. Über ein eigenes berufsständisches Netzwerk zu verfügen, begrüßten alle Teilnehmer der Befragung und sahen darin ein großes Potential für die Veterinärmedizin.Schlussfolgerung: Die Entwicklung des Netzwerkes sowie die Zahl der Mitglieder sind in diesem Zeitraum durchaus positiv zu bewerten. Bisher liegt der inhaltliche Fokus der Beiträge dem Namen des Netzwerkes (Network Of Veterinary ICt in Education entsprechend auf der durch E-Learning unterstützten veterinärmedizinischen Lehre. Für die Weiterentwicklung des Netzwerkes wäre ein Zuwachs der Mitgliederzahl jedoch wünschenswert, damit in anderen veterinärmedizinischen Fachgebieten ebenfalls hochwertiger Informationsaustausch und informelles Lernen stattfinden können.

  6. Questões de interculturalidade no ensino da língua alemã como segunda língua DaZ (Deutsch als Zweitsprache: o caso dos "ovinhos de Páscoa" (Ostereier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Maria Guimarães Savedra

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article offers a short overview about the teaching of German in Brazil. Following the concepts and dimensions of bilingualism and bilinguality, it identifies the teaching of German as a second language and deals with the aspect of the intercultural learning in two bilingual schools in Rio de Janeiro, where the German language is defined as language and culture 2. This paper proposes a reflection on the issue of interculturalism within the theme that surrounds Easter eggs as an illustrative example of the way a holiday is celebrated in bilingual school contexts. This study is based on a sociocultural perspective of language, focusing on the relationship between language, identity and social structure.

  7. German-Russian relations in the gas sector. Economic boundary conditions, interorganisational networks and negotiations concerning the Nord Stream Pipeline; Deutsch-russische Beziehungen im Gassektor. Wirtschaftliche Rahmenbedingungen, Interorganisationsnetzwerke und die Verhandlungen zur Nord Stream Pipeline

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sander, Michael

    2012-07-01

    The relations between energy-political and economic actors in Germany and Russia are investigated by network analysis methods and compared with regard to the changes between 2002 and 2007. Effects on concrete negotiations are illustrated by the example of the Nord Stream Pipeline. (orig./RHM)

  8. „Ob man an die kleinen Kinder gedacht hat ...?“ Die Verhandlungen über medizinische Hilfe für deutsche Flüchtlinge in Dänemark am Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Schultheiss

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of May 1945 almost 250.000 refugees from the eastern parts of Germany were in Denmark, having been evacuated into the occupied kingdom. From the arrival of the first refugee in February until the German capitulation in Denmark on May 5, 1945, 6.580 refugees lost their lives. Among them were more than 4.000 children who mostly died of malnutrition and pneumonia.This article examines the reasons behind this death toll and sheds light on the negotiations pertaining to medical help for the refugees between the Danish administration and the German authorities. However, due to egoistical and political considerations both on the German and Danish sides, an agreement was never settled upon.

  9. Will monetary policy become more of a science : a speech at Monetary Policy over Fifty Years, a conference to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the Deutsche Bundesbank, Frankfurt, Germany, September 21, 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Frederic S. Mishkin

    2007-01-01

    This paper reviews the progress that the science of monetary policy has made over recent decades. This progress has significantly expanded the degree to which the practice of monetary policy reflects the application of a core set of "scientific" principles. However, there remains, and will likely always remain, elements of art in the conduct of monetary policy

  10. Sensitivity mapping of the German North Sea Coast II. Data update and development of an operational model for precaution measures of oil spill response; Sensititivaetsraster Deutsche Nordseekueste II. Aktualisierung und Erstellung eines operationellen Modells zur Vorsorgeplanung bei der Oelbekaempfung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernem, K.H. van; Doerffer, R.; Heymann, K.; Kleeberg, U.; Krasemann, H.; Schiller, H. [GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (Germany). Inst. fuer Kuestenforschung; Grohnert, A.; Reichert, J. [IfaB - Institut fuer Angewandte Biologie Freiburg/Niederelbe (Germany); Reichert, M. [ARCADIS, Rostock (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    The Wadden Sea is an area of tidal flats and salt marshes extending between the North Sea coasts of Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands. It has enormous value as a cleansing site for North Sea water, as a nursery for young fish and as a feeding ground for many bird species. Due to the proximity of important shipping routes and harbours, this region is especially threatened by oil spills. Thus, for oil spill response and precaution measures, a sensitivity study of the entire intertidal area was badly needed in order to assess and minimize the potential ecological and economical damage. Based on comprehensive field surveys and in close cooperation with the Central Command for Maritime Emergencies, an automated expert-model for the german part of Wadden Sea areas was developed at the Institute for Coastal Research (GKSS-Research Centre). As an operational model it will serve as important instrument for decision making processes, precautionary measures and the further design of oil spill response strategies. Since it is not possible to protect the entire German North Sea coast equally at all levels, oil spill contingency planning requires a more detailed classification. For this reason, individual soft bottom habitats, communities and stocks of saltmarshes, macrofauna, waterfowl and estuarine biotop types were evaluated and classified according to their vulnerability to oil pollution. Hence, the fieldwork for habitat mapping during 2003-2006 was a central part of the study. For this part, the experiences and results obtained from the previous GKSS-project ''Thematic mapping and sensitivity study of Intertidal flats'' during the years 1987-1992 served as an valuable basis. For example, the documentation of changes during these periods of observation provides information on stability features of the ecosystems. During the first project nearly 5000 locations were processed and characterised using about 70 parameters for each site. The in-situ mapping was a combination of estimated and measured values, collected along a grid net of locations with 1 km interval. The estimated values, including biotic and abiotic parameters, were documented using a standardised protocol. They comprised, for example, information on the presence of micro- and macroalgae, surface structure and sediment characteristics. The measured values included grain size, shear strength, water content of sediments as well as the macrofauna species present. The sensitivity of each location was calculated using an automated expert system developed at GKSS and based on neural network techniques and advanced classification methods (treefit). The design of this model will enable the ''Central Command for Maritime Emergencies'', as the main-user and sponsor of the present project, to calculate the spatio-temporal sensitivity of intertidal areas without extensive further expert assistance.

  11. Atomic energy law after the opt-out. Alive and fascinating. Report about the 14{sup th} German atomic energy law symposium 2012; Atomrecht nach dem Ausstieg. Lebendig und spannend. Tagungsbericht 14. Deutsches Atomrechtssymposium 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leidinger, Tobias [Gleiss Lutz Rechtsanwaelte, Duesseldorf (Germany)

    2013-01-15

    Atomic energy law remains a living, fascinating subject matter. Nearly 200 participants were convinced of this impression at the 14{sup th} German Atomic Energy Law Symposium held in Berlin on November 19-20, 2012. Under the scientific chairmanship of Professor Dr. Martin Burgi, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), after an interruption of 5 years, again organized a scientific conference about practice-related topics of atomic energy and radiation protection law. Atomic energy law once again proved to be a reference area for sophisticated issues of constitutional law and administrative law above and beyond its technical confines. The agenda of the 14{sup th} German Atomic Energy Law Symposium featured a broad spectrum of topics ranging from backfitting of nuclear power plants to European atomic energy and radiation protection law, to challenges facing national legal systems in the execution of atomic energy law, to legal issues connected with decommissioning and waste management, and on to the topical subject of finding a repository site. The 14{sup th} German Atomic Energy Law Symposium, on the whole, again demonstrated that an open discourse between science and practice is able to furnish important contributions to the implementation of laws in a balanced way rooted in practice. Especially the contributions dealing with the independence of public authorities and their organization, the doctrine of the reservation of functions of the executive branch, and planning by laws contain additional provisions able to influence the continued development of administrative law also above and beyond atomic energy law. The BMU also referred to a decision just heard from Brussels to the effect that a new European Safety Directive would be published as early as in 2013. As a consequence of the nuclear stress tests conducted EU-wide, the Directive is to lay down provisions about transparency, material safety standards, and the separation of regulatory and supervisory authorities. In this way, the Commission opens up a broad field of topics which will ensure, also beyond the 14{sup th} German Atomic Energy Law Symposium, that atomic energy law will remain a living, fascinating subject matter. (orig.)

  12. MR Imaging in patients with cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Consensus paper of the German Cardiac Society and the German Roentgen Society; MR-Untersuchungen bei Patienten mit Herzschrittmachern und implantierbaren Kardioverter-Defibrillatoren. Konsensuspapier der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Kardiologie (DGK) und der Deutschen Roentgengesellschaft (DRG)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sommer, Torsten [DRK Krankenhaus, Neuwied (Germany). Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie; Bauer, Wolfgang [Deutsches Zentrum fuer Herzinsuffizienz Univ. Wuerzburg (Germany). Med. Klinik und Poliklinik I Univ. Klinikum Wuerzburg; Fischbach, Katharina [Universitaetsklinikum Magdeburg (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin; and others

    2017-03-15

    This joint consensus paper of the German Roentgen Society and the German Cardiac Society provides physical and electrophysiological background information and specific recommendations for the procedural management of patients with cardiac pacemakers (PM) and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) undergoing magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The paper outlines the responsibilities of radiologists and cardiologists regarding patient education, indications, and monitoring with modification of MR sequences and PM/ICD reprogramming strategies being discussed in particular. The aim is to optimize patient safety and to improve legal clarity in order to facilitate the access of SM/ICD patients to MR imaging.

  13. Effects of particulate air pollution on human health. Statement of the German Society of Pneumology (DGP) on the discussion about fine particulate air pollution; Partikulaere Luftverunreinigung und ihre Folgen fuer die menschliche Gesundheit. Stellungnahme der deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Pneumologie (DGP) zur aktuellen Feinstaub-Diskussion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voshaar, T.H. [Krankenhaus Bethanien, Moers (Germany). Zentrum fuer Schlafmedizin und Heimbeatmung; Heyder, J. [GSF Inst. fuer Inhalationsbiologie, Neuherberg/Muenchen (Germany); Koehler, D. [Fachkrankenhaus Kloster Grafschaft, Schmallenberg (Germany); Krug, N. [Fraunhofer-Inst. Toxikologie und Experimentelle Medizin, Hannover (Germany); Nowak, D. [Inst. und Poliklinik fuer Arbeits- und Umweltmedizin, Ludwig-Maximilians-Univ., Muenchen (Germany); Scheuch, G. [Inamed GmbH, Muenchen-Gauting und Gemuenden/Wohra (Germany); Schulz, H. [GSF Inst. fuer Inhalationsbiologie, Neuherberg/Muenchen (Germany); Witt, C. [Charite-Universitaetsklinik, Schwerpunkt Pneumologie, Berlin (Germany)

    2005-07-01

    The statement of the German Society of Pneumology (DGP) on the discussion about fine particulate air pollution reviews recent research on the matter: effects of particulates depending on particle size, abundance indoor and outdoor, tobacco smoke, diesel soot particles, health hazards especially for children, epidemiology, toxicological studies, aerosols. (uke)

  14. Laudatio für Herrn Dr. Lars Krogmann : anlässlich der Verleihung des Förderpreises der Ingrid Weiss / Horst Wiehe Stiftung durch der Deutschen Gesellschaft für allgemeine und angewandte Entomologie am 27. Februar 2007 in Innsbruck

    OpenAIRE

    Peters, Ralph

    2008-01-01

    Lars Krogmann wurde 1976 geboren in Norderstedt bei Hamburg. Schon früh entwickelte er eine Leidenschaft für Insekten, insbesondere für Tagschmetterlinge. Der Legende nach soll er bereits als Heranwachsender stets „Entomologe“ als Berufsziel ausgegeben haben. Folgerichtig begann er nach dem Abitur und Zivildienst im Jahr 1996 ein Studium der Biologie in Hamburg. Im Studium belegte er jeden Kurs, der entomologische Inhalte hatte, und er arbeitete als studentische Hilfskraft in der Entomologisc...

  15. Nationaler Kompetenzbasierter Lernzielkatalog Medizin (NKLM für Deutschland: Zusammenarbeit der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA und des Medizinischen Fakultätentages (MFT [National Competence-Based Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM in Germany: Cooperation of the Association for Medical Education (GMA and the Association of Medical Faculties in Germany (MFT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hahn, Eckhart G.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available [english] The Framework for Qualifications of the European Higher Education Area (FQ-EHEA; Bologna Process and the European Qualifications Framework for Lifelong Learning (EQF-LLL; Lisbon Process are competence-driven frameworks for vocational and higher education programmes in need for defined learning objectives. In the field of medical education, The Netherlands and Switzerland have developed national catalogues for undergraduate medical training, which are competence-based and compatible with a two-cycle curriculum comprised of a Bachelor in Medicine and a Master in Medicine. In Germany, virtually all medical organizations, last not least the Association of Medical Faculties (MFT, have voted against the application of the two-cycle (and the three-cycle curriculum to medical undergraduate education. A standstill of the European processes will not be accepted in the political arena, and a proposition was made by the Conference of German Ministers of Higher Education to develop a medical qualification framework for Germany, asking the Association for Medical Education (GMA and the MFT to join forces. This is not possible without consented national learning objectives derived from the professional context of physicians. The GMA has teamed up with the MFT to develop National Competence-Based Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM in Germany (see Figure 1 to fulfill these needs.

  16. DEGRO 2006: 12. annual congress of the German Radiation Oncology Society, 10. annual meeting of SASRO and 22. annual meeting of OeGRO. Abstracts; DEGRO 2006 - 12. Jahreskongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Radioonkologie, 10. Jahrestagung der SASRO und 22. Jahrestagung der OeGRO. Abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-05-15

    The volume displays the abstracts of the meetings of the German, Swiss, and Austrian societies for radiooncology. Issues of the lectures, posters, and symposia were: new technological developments, head-neck tumors, radiobiology, prostate carcinomas, radiotherapy in palliative treatment, hematological malignomas, tumors of gastrointestinal tract, bladder, brain, breast, or bronchi, carrier planning, women in the field of radiooncology, image-guided radiotherapy, sexuality, fertility and pregnancy with gynecological tumors, psychooncology, pediatric oncology and radiotherapy, sex-dependent radiosensitivity, dosimetry, irradiation planning, quality of life in radiooncology, radiooncological information systems. (uke)

  17. Ideologisch motivierte Bauaufgaben für die sozialistische Gesellschaft in der jungen Sowjetunion und ihre konzeptionellen Veränderungsprozesse : Programm-Architektur für die Erwachsenenbildung: Arbeiterklub und Kulturpalast: programmatische und Architektonische Entwicklungen eines Bautyps für die Arbeiterbildung: Teil II

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schmidt, D.W.

    2007-01-01

    Architecture of the Soviet avant-garde is widely known in its basic ideas. Specialized research, however, concerning the development of certain building types is still a desideratum. So, monographic studies of the communal housing typology are unknown as well as those of memorial typology. The

  18. Die Künstlerin als Arbeiterin (an der Gesellschaft. Lu Märtens zeitgemässe Betrachtungen zur Ökonomie der namenlosen Genialität The Woman Artist at Work. Lu Märten’s up-to-date Reflections on the Economy of the Nameless Genius

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verena Kuni

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available In einem Reprint der Originalausgabe von 1919 endlich wieder zugänglich gemacht, empfiehlt sich Lu Märtens kleine Schrift Die Künstlerin nicht nur als Beitrag zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte der feministischen Kunstwissenschaft. Als historisch-kritische Analyse der Ökonomie künstlerischer Arbeit unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Geschlechterdifferenz kann das Büchlein auch für aktuelle Debatten wichtige Denkanstösse liefern.Lu Märten’s essay, Die Künstlerin, now available as a reprint of the first edition published in 1919, is to be recommended not only as an important contribution to feminist art history avant la lettre. Moreover, the historical-critical analysis of the economy of artistic production which pays special attention to gender differences offers plenty of inspiration for current debates and reflections.

  19. S1 guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of scabies - short version.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunderkötter, Cord; Feldmeier, Hermann; Fölster-Holst, Regina; Geisel, Bertram; Klinke-Rehbein, Sabine; Nast, Alexander; Philipp, Sandra; Sachs, Bernhardt; Stingl, Julia; Stoevesandt, Johanna; Hamm, Henning

    2016-11-01

    persons should be treated. The guideline contains lists for additional measures, including possible treatment of contact persons, clothes, linen and other possibly infested articles. © 2016 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Evaluation of anthropogenic urban soils. Final report; Bewertung anthropogener Stadtboeden. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blume, H.P.; Schleuss, U. [eds.

    1997-12-31

    The research project `Evaluation of Anthropogenic Urban Soils` was subsidized by the German Federal Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Technology and adviced by the working group `Stadtboeden` of the German Society of Soil Science. It was realized as a cooperation between the universities of Berlin (TU), Halle-Wittenberg, Hohenheim, Kiel and Rostock and had three objectives: - to characterize soils developed from anthropogenic substratums (`urban soils`), - to figure out distribution patterns of such soils and - to verify whether urban soils could be evaluated according to their filtering and habitat function in the same way as soils developed from natural parent material. Evaluation methods based on easily obtainable field data had to be adapted to `urban soils` respectively developed anew. For that reason some typical soils of anthropogenic lithogenesis had to be examined between 1993 and 1996 both on their importance as habitats for plants and soil organisms and on their filtering, buffering and transforming capacities for organic and inorganic pollutants. Accordingly representative `urban soils` were gathered in the towns of Berlin, Eckernfoerde, Essen, Halle, Kiel, Rostock and Stuttgart; these soils had developed from technogenic substratums (brick and mortar debris, municipal waste, ashes, slag, sludge) and redeposited alkaline resp. acidic natural substratums (mud, coal mine and coking plant deposits). Some of the soils were influenced by ground water, and all soils developed from the same kind of parent material belonged to different stages of development. (orig./SR) [Deutsch] Ziele des vom BMBF gefoerderten und vom Arbeitskreis Stadtboeden der Deutschen Bodenkundlichen Gesellschaft beratenen Verbundprojektes `Bewertung anthropogener Stadtboeden` waren die Charakterisierung von Boeden anthropogener Substrate, die exemplarische Ermittlung des Verteilungsmusters derartiger Boeden und die Pruefung, inwieweit sie sich aehnlich den Boeden natuerlicher