Bogoliubov q-transformation and Clebsch-Gordan coefficients for a q-oscillator
Zhedanov, A. S.
1992-05-01
The q-analog of the Bogoliubov transformation is found, yielding the third q-Bose operator from the two independent ones. In contrast to the ordinary case, this transformation is non-linear. Considered as a co-multiplication for the q-oscillator algebra, this transformation generates the Clebsch-Gordan series with coefficients expressed via the Kravchuk q-polynomials.
Construction of SO(5)⊃SO(3) spherical harmonics and Clebsch-Gordan coefficients
Caprio, M. A.; Rowe, D. J.; Welsh, T. A.
2009-07-01
The SO(5)⊃SO(3) spherical harmonics form a natural basis for expansion of nuclear collective model angular wave functions. They underlie the recently-proposed algebraic method for diagonalization of the nuclear collective model Hamiltonian in an SU(1,1)×SO(5) basis. We present a computer code for explicit construction of the SO(5)⊃SO(3) spherical harmonics and use them to compute the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients needed for collective model calculations in an SO(3)-coupled basis. With these Clebsch-Gordan coefficients it becomes possible to compute the matrix elements of collective model observables by purely algebraic methods. Program summaryProgram title: GammaHarmonic Catalogue identifier: AECY_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AECY_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 346 421 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 16 037 234 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Mathematica 6 Computer: Any which supports Mathematica Operating system: Any which supports Mathematica; tested under Microsoft Windows XP and Linux Classification: 4.2 Nature of problem: Explicit construction of SO(5) ⊃ SO(3) spherical harmonics on S. Evaluation of SO(3)-reduced matrix elements and SO(5) ⊃ SO(3) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients (isoscalar factors). Solution method: Construction of SO(5) ⊃ SO(3) spherical harmonics by orthonormalization, obtained from a generating set of functions, according to the method of Rowe, Turner, and Repka [1]. Matrix elements and Clebsch-Gordan coefficients follow by construction and integration of SO(3) scalar products. Running time: Depends strongly on the maximum SO(5) and SO(3) representation labels involved. A few minutes for the calculation in the Mathematica notebook. References
Clebsch-Gordan coefficients of finite magnetic groups
Broek, van den P.M.
1979-01-01
A detailed method is given for the calculation of Clebsch–Gordan coefficients of finite magnetic groups. This method is a generalization of a new method for the calculation of Clebsch–Gordan coefficients of finite nonmagnetic groups which makes use of the fact that the Clebsch–Gordan coefficients ma
Programs for generating Clebsch-Gordan coefficients of SU(3) in SU(2) and SO(3) bases
Bahri, C.; Rowe, D. J.; Draayer, J. P.
2004-05-01
Computer codes are developed to calculate Clebsch-Gordan coefficients of SU(3) in both SU(2)- and SO(3)-coupled bases. The efficiency of this code derives from the use of vector coherent state theory to evaluate the required coefficients directly without recursion relations. The approach extends to other compact semi-simple Lie groups. The codes are given in subroutine form so that users can incorporate the codes into other programs. Program summaryTitle of program: SU3CGVCS Catalogue identifier: ADTN Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADTN Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Persons requesting the program must sign the standard CPC non-profit use license Computers for which the program is designed and others on which it is operable: SGI Origin 2000, HP Apollo 9000, Sun, IBM SP, Pentium Operating systems under which the program has been tested: IRIX 6.5, HP UX 10.01, SunOS, AIX, Linux Programming language used: FORTRAN 77 Memory required to execute with typical data: On the HP system, it requires about 732 KBytes. Disk space used for output: 2100+2460 bytes No. of bits in a word: 32 bit integer and 64 bit floating point numbers. No. of processors used: 1 Has the code been vectorized: No No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 26 309 No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 3969 Distribution format: tar gzip file Nature of physical problem: The group SU(3) and its Lie algebra su(3) have important applications, for example, in elementary particle physics, nuclear physics, and quantum optics [1-3]. The code presented is particularly relevant for the last two fields. Clebsch-Gordan (CG) coefficients are required whenever the symmetries of many-body systems are used for the evaluation of matrix elements of tensor operators. Moreover, the construction of CG coefficients for SU(3) serves as a nontrivial prototype for larger compact
Schröder, Leif; Schmitz, Christian; Bachert, Peter
2005-05-01
NMR spectra of non-weakly coupled spin systems exhibit asymmetries in line intensities known as "roof effect" in 1D spectroscopy. Due to limited spectral resolution, this effect has not been paid much attention so far in in vivo spectroscopy. But when high-quality spectra are obtained, this effect should be taken into account to explain the quantum-mechanical fine structure of the system. Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) represents a 31P spin system with multiple line splittings which are caused by J-couplings of medium strength at 1.5 T. We analyzed the ATP roof effect in vivo, especially for the beta-ATP multiplet. The intensities of its outer resonances deviate by ca. 12.5% from a symmetrical triplet. As this asymmetry reflects the transition from Paschen-Back to Zeeman effect with total spin that is largely broken up, the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients of the system can be indicated in analogy to the hyperfine structure of hydrogen. Taking the roof effect into account, the chi2 of fitting in vivo ATP resonances is reduced by ca. 9% (p<0.005).
Schröder, Leif; Schmitz, Christian; Bachert, Peter
2005-05-01
NMR spectra of non-weakly coupled spin systems exhibit asymmetries in line intensities known as "roof effect" in 1D spectroscopy. Due to limited spectral resolution, this effect has not been paid much attention so far in in vivo spectroscopy. But when high-quality spectra are obtained, this effect should be taken into account to explain the quantum-mechanical fine structure of the system. Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) represents a 31P spin system with multiple line splittings which are caused by J-couplings of medium strength at 1.5 T. We analyzed the ATP roof effect in vivo, especially for the β-ATP multiplet. The intensities of its outer resonances deviate by ca. 12.5% from a symmetrical triplet. As this asymmetry reflects the transition from Paschen-Back to Zeeman effect with total spin that is largely broken up, the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients of the system can be indicated in analogy to the hyperfine structure of hydrogen. Taking the roof effect into account, the χ2 of fitting in vivo ATP resonances is reduced by ca. 9% ( p < 0.005).
Clebsch-Gordan construction of lattice interpolating fields for excited baryons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
S. Basak; R. Edwards; G. Fleming; U. Heller; C. Morningstar; D. Richards; I. Sato; S. Wallace
2005-08-01
Large sets of baryon interpolating field operators are developed for use in lattice QCD studies of baryons with zero momentum. Operators are classified according to the double-valued irreducible representations of the octahedral group. At first, three-quark smeared, local operators are constructed for each isospin and strangeness and they are classified according to their symmetry with respect to exchange of Dirac indices. Nonlocal baryon operators are formulated in a second step as direct products of the spinor structures of smeared, local operators together with gauge-covariant lattice displacements of one or more of the smeared quark fields. Linear combinations of direct products of spinorial and spatial irreducible representations are then formed with appropriate Clebsch-Gordan coefficients of the octahedral group. The construction attempts to maintain maximal overlap with the continuum SU(2) group in order to provide a physically interpretable basis. Nonlocal operators provide direct couplings to states that have nonzero orbital angular momentum.
The algebra of dual -1 Hahn polynomials and the Clebsch-Gordan problem of sl{sub -1}(2)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Genest, Vincent X.; Vinet, Luc [Centre de Recherches Mathematiques, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7 (Canada); Zhedanov, Alexei [Donetsk Institute for Physics and Technology, Donetsk 83114 (Ukraine)
2013-02-15
The algebra H of the dual -1 Hahn polynomials is derived and shown to arise in the Clebsch-Gordan problem of sl{sub -1}(2). The dual -1 Hahn polynomials are the bispectral polynomials of a discrete argument obtained from the q{yields}-1 limit of the dual q-Hahn polynomials. The Hopf algebra sl{sub -1}(2) has four generators including an involution, it is also a q{yields}-1 limit of the quantum algebra sl{sub q}(2) and furthermore, the dynamical algebra of the parabose oscillator. The algebra H, a two-parameter generalization of u(2) with an involution as additional generator, is first derived from the recurrence relation of the -1 Hahn polynomials. It is then shown that H can be realized in terms of the generators of two added sl{sub -1}(2) algebras, so that the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients of sl{sub -1}(2) are dual -1 Hahn polynomials. An irreducible representation of H involving five-diagonal matrices and connected to the difference equation of the dual -1 Hahn polynomials is constructed.
Bitencourt, Ana Carla P; Littlejohn, Robert G; Anderson, Roger; Aquilanti, Vincenzo
2014-01-01
The Wigner $3j$ symbols of the quantum angular momentum theory are related to the vector coupling or Clebsch-Gordan coefficients and to the Hahn and dual Hahn polynomials of the discrete orthogonal hyperspherical family, of use in discretization approximations. We point out the important role of the Regge symmetries for defining the screen where images of the coefficients are projected, and for discussing their asymptotic properties and semiclassical behavior. Recursion relationships are formulated as eigenvalue equations, and exploited both for computational purposes and for physical interpretations.
Relativistic Quantum Mechanics of N Particles - The Clebsch-Gordan Method
Polyzou, W N
2002-01-01
A general technique is presented for constructing quantum mechanical theories of a finite number of interacting particles satisfying Poincar\\'e invariance, cluster separability, and the spectral condition. It is distinguished from other solutions of this problem because it does not utilize the existence of kinematic subgroups that arise in Dirac's forms of dynamics. In the generic construction all Poincar\\'e generators have interactions. The central elements of the construction are the representation theory of the Poincar\\'e group, the theory of Birkhoff lattices, and the algebra of asymptotic constants. The role of the dynamics depends on the choice of basis used to label vectors in Poincar\\'e irreducible subspaces. The scattering equivalence and cluster equivalence of the different constructions are established. The dynamical consequences of requiring cluster properties and Poincar\\'e invariance are discussed.
The operator method for angular momentum and SU3
Eekelen, H.A.M. van; Ruijgrok, Th.W.
1966-01-01
It is well known how Schwinger's1) operator method can be used to construct all representations of the angular momentum operators. We give a brief account of this method and show that it is very convenient for a short derivation of the general Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. The method is then applied
Unitary symmetry, combinatorics, and special functions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Louck, J.D.
1996-12-31
From 1967 to 1994, Larry Biedenham and I collaborated on 35 papers on various aspects of the general unitary group, especially its unitary irreducible representations and Wigner-Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. In our studies to unveil comprehensible structures in this subject, we discovered several nice results in special functions and combinatorics. The more important of these will be presented and their present status reviewed.
Generalized Uncertainty Principle and Angular Momentum
Bosso, Pasquale
2016-01-01
Various models of quantum gravity suggest a modification of the Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, to the so-called Generalized Uncertainty Principle, between position and momentum. In this work we show how this modification influences the theory of angular momentum in Quantum Mechanics. In particular, we compute Planck scale corrections to angular momentum eigenvalues, the Hydrogen atom spectrum, the Stern-Gerlach experiment and the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. We also examine effects of the Generalized Uncertainty Principle on multi-particle systems.
The Demazure-Tits subgroup of a simple Lie group
Michel, L.; Patera, J.; Sharp, R. T.
1988-04-01
The Demazure-Tits subgroup of a simple Lie group G is the group of invariance of Clebsch-Gordan coefficients tables (assuming an appropriate choice of basis). The structure of the Demazure-Tits subgroups of An, Bn, Cn, Dn, and G2 is described. Orbits of the permutation action of the DT group in any irreducible finite-dimensional representation space of A2, C2, and G2 are decomposed into the sum of irreducible representations of the DT group.
Elasticity tensor and ultrasonic velocities for anisotropic cubic polycrystal
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2008-01-01
The orientation distribution of crystallites in a polycrystal can be described by the orientation distribution function(ODF) . The ODF can be expanded under the Wigner D-bases. The expanded coefficients in the ODF are called the texture coefficients. In this paper,we use the Clebsch-Gordan expression to derive an explicit expression of the elasticity tensor for an anisotropic cubic polycrystal. The elasticity tensor contains three material constants and nine texture coefficients. In order to measure the nine texture coefficients by ultrasonic wave,we give relations between the nine texture coefficients and ultrasonic propagation velocities. We also give a numerical example to check the relations.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hadasz, Leszek [Krakow Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Physics; Pawelkiewicz, Michal; Schomerus, Volker [DESY Hamburg (Germany). Theory Group
2013-05-15
We determine the Clebsch-Gordan and Racah-Wigner coefficients for continuous series of representations of the quantum deformed algebras U{sub q}(sl(2)) and U{sub q}(osp(1 vertical stroke 2)). While our results for the former algebra reproduce formulas by Ponsot and Teschner, the expressions for the orthosymplectic algebra are new. Up to some normalization factors, the associated Racah-Wigner coefficients are shown to agree with the fusing matrix in the Neveu-Schwarz sector of N=1 supersymmetric Liouville field theory.
Self-dual Continuous Series of Representations for U_q(sl(2)) and U_q(osp(1|2))
Hadasz, Leszek; Schomerus, Volker
2013-01-01
We determine the Clebsch-Gordan and Racah-Wigner coefficients for continuous series of representations of the quantum deformed algebras U_q(sl(2)) and U_q(osp(1|2)). While our results for the former algebra reproduce formulas by Ponsot and Teschner, the expressions for the orthosymplectic algebra are new. Up to some normalization factors, the associated Racah-Wigner coefficients are shown to agree with the fusing matrix in the Neveu-Schwarz sector of N=1 supersymmetric Liouville field theory.
Magic frequencies in atom-light interaction for precision probing of the density matrix
Givon, Menachem; Waxman, Amir; David, Tal; Groswasser, David; Japha, Yonathan; Folman, Ron
2013-01-01
We analyze theoretically and experimentally the existence of a {\\it magic frequency} for which the absorption of a linearly polarized light beam by vapor alkali atoms is independent of the population distribution among the Zeeman sub-levels and the angle between the beam and a magnetic field. The phenomenon originates from a peculiar cancelation of the contributions of higher moments of the atomic density matrix, and is described using the Wigner-Eckart theorem and inherent properties of Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. One important application is the robust measurement of the hyperfine population.
Addition theorems for spin spherical harmonics: I. Preliminaries
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bouzas, Antonio O, E-mail: abouzas@mda.cinvestav.mx [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, CINVESTAV-IPN, Carretera Antigua a Progreso Km. 6, Apdo. Postal 73 ' Cordemex' , Merida 97310, Yucatan (Mexico)
2011-04-22
We develop a systematic approach to deriving addition theorems for, and some other bilocal sums of, spin spherical harmonics. In this first part we establish some necessary technical results. We discuss the factorization of orbital and spin degrees of freedom in certain products of Clebsch-Gordan coefficients, and obtain general explicit results for the matrix elements in configuration space of tensor products of arbitrary rank of the position and angular-momentum operators. These results are the basis of the addition theorems for spin spherical harmonics obtained in part II (2011 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 44 165302).
Speziale, Simone
2017-03-01
We study the SL (2 ,ℂ ) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients appearing in the Lorentzian EPRL spin foam amplitudes for loop quantum gravity. We show how the amplitudes decompose into SU(2) nj- symbols at the vertices and integrals over boosts at the edges. The integrals define edge amplitudes that can be evaluated analytically using and adapting results in the literature, leading to a pure state sum model formulation. This procedure introduces virtual representations which, in a manner reminiscent of virtual momenta in Feynman amplitudes, are off-shell of the simplicity constraints present in the theory, but with the integrands that peak at the on-shell values. We point out some properties of the edge amplitudes which are helpful for numerical and analytical evaluations of spin foam amplitudes, and suggest among other things a simpler model useful for calculations of certain lowest order amplitudes. As an application, we estimate the large spin scaling behaviour of the simpler model, on a closed foam with all 4-valent edges and Euler characteristic χ , to be Nχ -5 E +V /2. The paper contains a review and an extension of the results on SL (2 ,ℂ ) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients among unitary representations of the principal series that can be useful beyond their application to quantum gravity considered here.
多项式代数的一类标准基及其应用%A Class of Standard Bases of Polynomial Algebras and Its Applications
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
董井成; 李立斌; 陈惠香
2009-01-01
Let H=Uq(sl(2))or U(sl(2)).By means of the standard basis of polynomial algebras,the Clebsch-Gordan formula and quantum Clebsch-Gordan formula are proved by a unified method,and the expticit formula of the decomposition of V(1)⊕n into the direet sum of simple modules is given in this paper.
A computer code for calculations in the algebraic collective model of the atomic nucleus
Welsh, T A
2016-01-01
A Maple code is presented for algebraic collective model (ACM) calculations. The ACM is an algebraic version of the Bohr model of the atomic nucleus, in which all required matrix elements are derived by exploiting the model's SU(1,1) x SO(5) dynamical group. This, in particular, obviates the use of coefficients of fractional parentage. This paper reviews the mathematical formulation of the ACM, and serves as a manual for the code. The code makes use of expressions for matrix elements derived elsewhere and newly derived matrix elements of the operators [pi x q x pi]_0 and [pi x pi]_{LM}, where q_M are the model's quadrupole moments, and pi_N are corresponding conjugate momenta (-2>=M,N<=2). The code also provides ready access to SO(3)-reduced SO(5) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients through data files provided with the code.
Relativistic quantum mechanics
Horwitz, Lawrence P
2015-01-01
This book describes a relativistic quantum theory developed by the author starting from the E.C.G. Stueckelberg approach proposed in the early 40s. In this framework a universal invariant evolution parameter (corresponding to the time originally postulated by Newton) is introduced to describe dynamical evolution. This theory is able to provide solutions for some of the fundamental problems encountered in early attempts to construct a relativistic quantum theory. A relativistically covariant construction is given for which particle spins and angular momenta can be combined through the usual rotation group Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. Solutions are defined for both the classical and quantum two body bound state and scattering problems. The recently developed quantum Lax-Phillips theory of semigroup evolution of resonant states is described. The experiment of Lindner and coworkers on interference in time is discussed showing how the property of coherence in time provides a simple understanding of the results. Th...
Magnetic energy cascade in spherical geometry: I. The stellar convective dynamo case
Strugarek, A; Mathis, S; Sarazin, Y
2013-01-01
We present a method to characterize the spectral transfers of magnetic energy between scales in simulations of stellar convective dynamos. The full triadic transfer functions are computed thanks to analytical coupling relations of spherical harmonics based on the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. The method is applied to mean field $\\alpha\\Omega$ dynamo models as benchmark tests. From the physical standpoint, the decomposition of the dynamo field into primary and secondary dynamo families proves very instructive in the $\\alpha\\Omega$ case. The same method is then applied to a fully turbulent dynamo in a solar convection zone, modeled with the 3D MHD ASH code. The initial growth of the magnetic energy spectrum is shown to be non-local. It mainly reproduces the kinetic energy spectrum of convection at intermediate scales. During the saturation phase, two kinds of direct magnetic energy cascades are observed in regions encompassing the smallest scales involved in the simulation. The first cascade is obtained through ...
Rotationally Invariant Hamiltonians for Nuclear Spectra Based on Quantum Algebras
Bonatsos, D; Raychev, P P; Terziev, P A; Bonatsos, Dennis
2002-01-01
The rotational invariance under the usual physical angular momentum of the SUq(2) Hamiltonian for the description of rotational nuclear spectra is explicitly proved and a connection of this Hamiltonian to the formalisms of Amal'sky and Harris is provided. In addition, a new Hamiltonian for rotational spectra is introduced, based on the construction of irreducible tensor operators (ITO) under SUq(2) and use of q-deformed tensor products and q-deformed Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. The rotational invariance of this SUq(2) ITO Hamiltonian under the usual physical angular momentum is explicitly proved, a simple closed expression for its energy spectrum (the ``hyperbolic tangent formula'') is introduced, and its connection to the Harris formalism is established. Numerical tests in a series of Th isotopes are provided.
Bonatsos, D; Raychev, P P; Terziev, P A; Bonatsos, Dennis
2003-01-01
The rotational invariance under the usual physical angular momentum of the SUq(2) Hamiltonian for the description of rotational molecular spectra is explicitly proved and a connection of this Hamiltonian to the formalism of Amal'sky is provided. In addition, a new Hamiltonian for rotational spectra is introduced, based on the construction of irreducible tensor operators (ITOs) under SUq(2) and use of q-deformed tensor products and q-deformed Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. The rotational invariance of this SUq(2) ITO Hamiltonian under the usual physical angular momentum is explicitly proved and a simple closed expression for its energy spectrum (the ``hyperbolic tangent formula'') is introduced. Numerical tests against an experimental rotational band of HF are provided.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Moussa, P. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, 91 - Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires
1968-06-01
This work describes the angular analysis of reactions between particles with spin in a fully relativistic fashion. One particle states are introduced, following Wigner's method, as representations of the inhomogeneous Lorentz group. In order to perform the angular analyses, the reduction of the product of two representations of the inhomogeneous Lorentz group is studied. Clebsch-Gordan coefficients are computed for the following couplings: l-s coupling, helicity coupling, multipolar coupling, and symmetric coupling for more than two particles. Massless and massive particles are handled simultaneously. On the way we construct spinorial amplitudes and free fields; we recall how to establish convergence theorems for angular expansions from analyticity hypothesis. Finally we substitute these hypotheses to the idea of 'potential radius', which gives at low energy the usual 'centrifugal barrier' factors. The presence of such factors had never been deduced from hypotheses compatible with relativistic invariance. (author) [French] On decrit un formalisme permettant de tenir compte de l'invariance relativiste, dans l'analyse angulaire des amplitudes de reaction entre particules de spin quelconque. Suivant Wigner, les etats a une particule sont introduits a l'aide des representations du groupe de Lorentz inhomogene. Pour effectuer les analyses angulaires, on etudie la reduction du produit de deux representations du groupe de Lorentz inhomogene. Les coefficients de Clebsch-Gordan correspondants sont calcules dans les couplages suivants: couplage l-s couplage d'helicite, couplage multipolaire, couplage symetrique pour plus de deux particules. Les particules de masse nulle et de masse non nulle sont traitees simultanement. Au passage, on introduit les amplitudes spinorielles et on construit les champs libres, on rappelle comment des hypotheses d'analyticite permettent d'etablir des theoremes de convergence pour les
New Treatment of Systems of Compounded Angular Momentum
Mweene, H V
1999-01-01
The approach to quantum mechanics which we hav used to derive the matrix treatment of spin from first principles is now employed to treat systems of compounded angular momentum. A general treatment is first given, which is then applied to the concrete cases of a spin-0 and a spin-1 system obtained by adding the spins of two spin-1/2 systems. Thus, the probability amplitudes for measurements on the systems are derived, as well as the matrix vectors and operators corresponding to the systems. The matrix operators and states thereby resulting are different from the standard forms and are much more generalized. The formulas so derived are applied to the case of joint measurements on the subsystems of such a system, a problem made very topical by the great interest in quantum foundations now obtaining. As a consequence of the insights arising from this treatment, we show that the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients are amenable to generalization, and we give the generalized forms for these cases.
A computer code for calculations in the algebraic collective model of the atomic nucleus
Welsh, T. A.; Rowe, D. J.
2016-03-01
A Maple code is presented for algebraic collective model (ACM) calculations. The ACM is an algebraic version of the Bohr model of the atomic nucleus, in which all required matrix elements are derived by exploiting the model's SU(1 , 1) × SO(5) dynamical group. This paper reviews the mathematical formulation of the ACM, and serves as a manual for the code. The code enables a wide range of model Hamiltonians to be analysed. This range includes essentially all Hamiltonians that are rational functions of the model's quadrupole moments qˆM and are at most quadratic in the corresponding conjugate momenta πˆN (- 2 ≤ M , N ≤ 2). The code makes use of expressions for matrix elements derived elsewhere and newly derived matrix elements of the operators [ π ˆ ⊗ q ˆ ⊗ π ˆ ] 0 and [ π ˆ ⊗ π ˆ ] LM. The code is made efficient by use of an analytical expression for the needed SO(5)-reduced matrix elements, and use of SO(5) ⊃ SO(3) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients obtained from precomputed data files provided with the code.
Sharma, Sandeep
2014-01-01
We extend our previous work [J. Chem. Phys, \\textbf{136}, 124121], which described a spin-adapted (SU(2) symmetry) density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) algorithm, to additionally utilize general non-Abelian point group symmetries. A key strength of the present formulation is that the requisite tensor operators are not hard-coded for each symmetry group, but are instead generated on the fly using the appropriate Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. This allows our single implementation to easily enable (or disable) any non-Abelian point group symmetry (including SU(2) spin symmetry). We use our implementation to compute the ground state potential energy curve of the C$_2$ dimer in the cc-pVQZ basis set (with a frozen-core), corresponding to a Hilbert space dimension of 10$^{12}$ many-body states. While our calculated energy lies within the 0.3 mE$_h$ error bound of previous initiator full configuration interaction quantum Monte Carlo (i-FCIQMC) and correlation energy extrapolation by intrinsic scaling (CEEIS) c...
Bytsko, Andrei
2016-01-01
Unitary representations of the Temperley-Lieb algebra $TL_N(Q)$ on the tensor space $({\\mathbb C^n})^{\\otimes N}$ are considered. Two criteria are given for determining when an orthogonal projection matrix $P$ of a rank $r$ gives rise to such a representation. The first of them is the equality of traces of certain matrices and the second is the unitary condition for a certain partitioned matrix. Some estimates are obtained on the lower bound of $Q$ for a given dimension $n$ and rank $r$. It is also shown that if $4r>n^2$, then $Q$ can take only a discrete set of values determined by the value of $n^2/r$. In particular, the only allowed value of $Q$ for $n=r=2$ is $Q=\\sqrt{2}$. Finally, properties of the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients of the quantum Hopf algebra $U_q(su_2)$ are used in order to find all $r=1$ and $r=2$ unitary tensor space representations of $TL_N(Q)$ such that $Q$ depends continuously on $q$ and $P$ is the projection in the tensor square of a simple $U_q(su_2)$ module on the subspace spanned by ...
Carlson, Warren; de Mello Koch, Robert; Lin, Hai
2011-03-01
In this article we study operators with a dimension Δ ˜ O( N) and show that simple analytic expressions for the action of the dilatation operator can be found. The operators we consider are restricted Schur polynomials. There are two distinct classes of operators that we consider: operators labeled by Young diagrams with two long columns or two long rows. The main complication in working with restricted Schur polynomials is in building a projector from a given S n+ m irreducible representation to an S n × S m irreducible representation (both specified by the labels of the restricted Schur polynomial). We give an explicit construction of these projectors by reducing it to the simple problem of addition of angular momentum in ordinary non-relativistic quantum mechanics. The diagonalization of the dilatation operator reduces to solving three term recursion relations. The fact that the recursion relations have only three terms is a direct consequence of the weak mixing at one loop of the restricted Schur polynomials. The recursion relations can be solved exactly in terms of symmetric Kravchuk polynomials or in terms of Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. This proves that the dilatation operator reduces to a decoupled set of harmonic oscillators and therefore it is integrable.
Speziale, Simone
2016-01-01
We study the SL(2,C) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients appearing in the lorentzian EPRL spin foam amplitudes for loop quantum gravity. We show how the amplitudes decompose into SU(2) nj-symbols at the vertices and integrals over boosts at the edges. The integrals define edge amplitudes that can be evaluated analytically using and adapting results in the literature, leading to a pure state sum model formulation. This procedure introduces virtual representations which, in a manner reminiscent to virtual momenta in Feynman amplitudes, are off-shell of the simplicity constraints present in the theory, but with the integrands that peak at the on-shell values. We point out some properties of the edge amplitudes which are helpful for numerical and analytical evaluations of spin foam amplitudes, and suggest among other things a simpler model useful for calculations of certain lowest order amplitudes. As an application, we estimate the large spin scaling behaviour of the simpler model, on a closed foam with all 4-valent edg...
A minimal model of neutrino flavor
Luhn, Christoph; Parattu, Krishna Mohan; Wingerter, Akın
2012-12-01
Models of neutrino mass which attempt to describe the observed lepton mixing pattern are typically based on discrete family symmetries with a non-Abelian and one or more Abelian factors. The latter so-called shaping symmetries are imposed in order to yield a realistic phenomenology by forbidding unwanted operators. Here we propose a supersymmetric model of neutrino flavor which is based on the group T 7 and does not require extra {Z} N or U(1) factors in the Yukawa sector, which makes it the smallest realistic family symmetry that has been considered so far. At leading order, the model predicts tribimaximal mixing which arises completely accidentally from a combination of the T 7 Clebsch-Gordan coefficients and suitable flavon alignments. Next-to-leading order (NLO) operators break the simple tribimaximal structure and render the model compatible with the recent results of the Daya Bay and Reno collaborations which have measured a reactor angle of around 9°. Problematic NLO deviations of the other two mixing angles can be controlled in an ultraviolet completion of the model. The vacuum alignment mechanism that we use necessitates the introduction of a hidden flavon sector that transforms under a {Z} 6 symmetry, thereby spoiling the minimality of our model whose flavor symmetry is then T 7 × {Z} 6.
A Minimal Model of Neutrino Flavor
Luhn, Christoph; Wingerter, Akın
2012-01-01
Models of neutrino mass which attempt to describe the observed lepton mixing pattern are typically based on discrete family symmetries with a non-Abelian and one or more Abelian factors. The latter so-called shaping symmetries are imposed in order to yield a realistic phenomenology by forbidding unwanted operators. Here we propose a supersymmetric model of neutrino flavor which is based on the group T7 and does not require extra Z_N or U(1) factors, which makes it the smallest realistic family symmetry that has been considered so far. At leading order, the model predicts tribimaximal mixing which arises completely accidentally from a combination of the T7 Clebsch-Gordan coefficients and suitable flavon alignments. Next-to-leading order (NLO) operators break the simple tribimaximal structure and render the model compatible with the recent results of the Daya Bay and Reno collaborations which have measured a reactor angle of around 9 degrees. Problematic NLO deviations of the other two mixing angles can be cont...
Wave Reflection Coefficient Spectrum
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
俞聿修; 邵利民; 柳淑学
2003-01-01
The wave reflection coefficient frequency spectrum and directional spectrum for concrete face slope breakwaters and rubble mound breakwaters are investigated through physical model tests in the present study. The reflection coefficients of oblique irregular waves are analyzed by the Modified Two-Point Method (MTPM) proposed by the authors. The results show that the wave reflection coefficient decreases with increasing wave frequency and incident angle or decreasing structure slope. The reflection coefficient frequency spectrum and its variation with Iribarren number are given in this paper. The paper also suggests an empirical 3-dimensional reflection coefficient spectrum, i.e. reflection coefficient directional spectrum, which can be used to illustrate quantitatively the variation of reflection coefficient with the incident angle and the Iribarren number for oblique irregular waves.
Modified Biserial Correlation Coefficients.
Kraemer, Helena Chmura
1981-01-01
Asymptotic distribution theory of Brogden's form of biserial correlation coefficient is derived and large sample estimates of its standard error obtained. Its relative efficiency to the biserial correlation coefficient is examined. Recommendations for choice of estimator of biserial correlation are presented. (Author/JKS)
Transport Coefficients of Fluids
Eu, Byung Chan
2006-01-01
Until recently the formal statistical mechanical approach offered no practicable method for computing the transport coefficients of liquids, and so most practitioners had to resort to empirical fitting formulas. This has now changed, as demonstrated in this innovative monograph. The author presents and applies new methods based on statistical mechanics for calculating the transport coefficients of simple and complex liquids over wide ranges of density and temperature. These molecular theories enable the transport coefficients to be calculated in terms of equilibrium thermodynamic properties, and the results are shown to account satisfactorily for experimental observations, including even the non-Newtonian behavior of fluids far from equilibrium.
Multidimensional extremal dependence coefficients
2017-01-01
Extreme values modeling has attracting the attention of researchers in diverse areas such as the environment, engineering, or finance. Multivariate extreme value distributions are particularly suitable to model the tails of multidimensional phenomena. The analysis of the dependence among multivariate maxima is useful to evaluate risk. Here we present new multivariate extreme value models, as well as, coefficients to assess multivariate extremal dependence.
Prestarlike functions with negative coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
H. Silverman
1979-01-01
Full Text Available The extreme points for prestarlike functions having negative coefficients are determined. Coefficient, distortion and radii of univalence, starlikeness, and convexity theorems are also obtained.
Gorenstein Hilbert Coefficients
Khoury, Sabine El
2012-01-01
We prove upper and lower bounds for all the coefficients in the Hilbert Polynomial of a graded Gorenstein algebra $S=R/I$ with a quasi-pure resolution over $R$. The bounds are in terms of the minimal and the maximal shifts in the resolution of $R$ . These bounds are analogous to the bounds for the multiplicity found in \\cite{S} and are stronger than the bounds for the Cohen Macaulay algebras found in \\cite{HZ}.
The Truth About Ballistic Coefficients
Courtney, Michael
2007-01-01
The ballistic coefficient of a bullet describes how it slows in flight due to air resistance. This article presents experimental determinations of ballistic coefficients showing that the majority of bullets tested have their previously published ballistic coefficients exaggerated from 5-25% by the bullet manufacturers. These exaggerated ballistic coefficients lead to inaccurate predictions of long range bullet drop, retained energy and wind drift.
Operator properties of generalized coherent state systems
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
N Mukunda
2001-02-01
The main properties of standard quantum mechanical coherent states and the two generalizations of Klauder and of Perelomov are reviewed. For a system of generalized coherent states in the latter sense, necessary and sufﬁcient conditions for existence of a diagonal coherent stable representation for all Hilbert-Schmidt operators are obtained. The main ingredients are Clebsch-Gordan theory and induced representation theory.
On the relation between the modular double of U{sub q}(sl(2,R)) and the quantum Teichmueller theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nidaiev, Iurii; Teschner, Joerg
2013-02-15
We exhibit direct relations between the modular double of U{sub q}(sl(2,R)) and the quantum Teichmueller theory. Explicit representations for the fusion- and braiding operations of the quantum Teichmueller theory are immediate consequences. Our results include a simplified derivation of the Clebsch-Gordan decomposition for the principal series of representation of the modular double of U{sub q}(sl(2,R)).
Converting Sabine absorption coefficients to random incidence absorption coefficients
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jeong, Cheol-Ho
2013-01-01
Absorption coefficients measured by the chamber method are referred to as Sabine absorption coefficients, which sometimes exceed unity due to the finite size of a sample and non-uniform intensity in the reverberation chambers under test. In this study, conversion methods from Sabine absorption...... coefficients to random incidence absorption coefficients are proposed. The overestimations of the Sabine absorption coefficient are investigated theoretically based on Miki's model for porous absorbers backed by a rigid wall or an air cavity, resulting in conversion factors. Additionally, three optimizations...
Sabine absorption coefficients to random incidence absorption coefficients
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jeong, Cheol-Ho
2014-01-01
Absorption coefficients measured by the chamber method are referred to as Sabine absorption coefficients, which sometimes exceed unity due to the finite size of a specimen and non-uniform intensity in the test chamber. In this study, several methods that convert Sabine absorption coefficients...... into random incidence absorption coefficients for porous absorbers are investigated. Two optimization-based conversion methods are suggested: the surface impedance estimation for locally reacting absorbers and the flow resistivity estimation for extendedly reacting absorbers. The suggested conversion methods...
Quadrature formulas for Fourier coefficients
Bojanov, Borislav
2009-09-01
We consider quadrature formulas of high degree of precision for the computation of the Fourier coefficients in expansions of functions with respect to a system of orthogonal polynomials. In particular, we show the uniqueness of a multiple node formula for the Fourier-Tchebycheff coefficients given by Micchelli and Sharma and construct new Gaussian formulas for the Fourier coefficients of a function, based on the values of the function and its derivatives. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Measuring of heat transfer coefficient
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Henningsen, Poul; Lindegren, Maria
Subtask 3.4 Measuring of heat transfer coefficient Subtask 3.4.1 Design and setting up of tests to measure heat transfer coefficient Objective: Complementary testing methods together with the relevant experimental equipment are to be designed by the two partners involved in order to measure...... the heat transfer coefficient for a wide range of interface conditions in hot and warm forging processes. Subtask 3.4.2 Measurement of heat transfer coefficient The objective of subtask 3.4.2 is to determine heat transfer values for different interface conditions reflecting those typically operating in hot...
Kappa Coefficients for Circular Classifications
Warrens, Matthijs J.; Pratiwi, Bunga C.
2016-01-01
Circular classifications are classification scales with categories that exhibit a certain periodicity. Since linear scales have endpoints, the standard weighted kappas used for linear scales are not appropriate for analyzing agreement between two circular classifications. A family of kappa coefficie
Properties of Traffic Risk Coefficient
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
TANG Tie-Qiao; HUANG Hai-Jun; SHANG Hua-Yan; XUE Yu
2009-01-01
We use the model with the consideration of the traffic interruption probability (Physica A 387(2008)6845) to study the relationship between the traffic risk coefficient and the traffic interruption probability.The analytical and numerical results show that the traffic interruption probability will reduce the traffic risk coefficient and that the reduction is related to the density, which shows that this model can improve traffic security.
Wrong Signs in Regression Coefficients
McGee, Holly
1999-01-01
When using parametric cost estimation, it is important to note the possibility of the regression coefficients having the wrong sign. A wrong sign is defined as a sign on the regression coefficient opposite to the researcher's intuition and experience. Some possible causes for the wrong sign discussed in this paper are a small range of x's, leverage points, missing variables, multicollinearity, and computational error. Additionally, techniques for determining the cause of the wrong sign are given.
Transport coefficients of heavy baryons
Tolos, Laura; Torres-Rincon, Juan M.; Das, Santosh K.
2016-08-01
We compute the transport coefficients (drag and momentum diffusion) of the low-lying heavy baryons Λc and Λb in a medium of light mesons formed at the later stages of high-energy heavy-ion collisions. We employ the Fokker-Planck approach to obtain the transport coefficients from unitarized baryon-meson interactions based on effective field theories that respect chiral and heavy-quark symmetries. We provide the transport coefficients as a function of temperature and heavy-baryon momentum, and analyze the applicability of certain nonrelativistic estimates. Moreover we compare our outcome for the spatial diffusion coefficient to the one coming from the solution of the Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck transport equation, and we find a very good agreement between both calculations. The transport coefficients for Λc and Λb in a thermal bath will be used in a subsequent publication as input in a Langevin evolution code for the generation and propagation of heavy particles in heavy-ion collisions at LHC and RHIC energies.
Harmonic functions with varying coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jacek Dziok
2016-05-01
Full Text Available Abstract Complex-valued harmonic functions that are univalent and sense preserving in the open unit disk can be written in the form f = h + g ‾ $f=h+\\overline{g}$ , where h and g are analytic. In this paper we investigate some classes of univalent harmonic functions with varying coefficients related to Janowski functions. By using the extreme points theory we obtain necessary and sufficient convolution conditions, coefficients estimates, distortion theorems, and integral mean inequalities for these classes of functions. The radii of starlikeness and convexity for these classes are also determined.
Effective Viscosity Coefficient of Nanosuspensions
Rudyak, V. Ya.; Belkin, A. A.; Egorov, V. V.
2008-12-01
Systematic calculations of the effective viscosity coefficient of nanosuspensions have been performed using the molecular dynamics method. It is established that the viscosity of a nanosuspension depends not only on the volume concentration of the nanoparticles but also on their mass and diameter. Differences from Einstein's relation are found even for nanosuspensions with a low particle concentration.
Clustering Coefficients in Multiplex Networks
Cozzo, Emanuele; De Domenico, Manlio; Solé, Albert; Arenas, Alex; Gómez, Sergio; Porter, Mason A; Moreno, Yamir
2013-01-01
Recent advances in the study of complex networked systems has highlighted that our interconnected world is made of networks that are coupled together through different layers that each stand for one type of interaction or system. Despite this situation, it is traditional to aggregate multiplex data into a single weighted network in order take advantage of existing tools. This is admittedly convenient, but it is also extremely problematic. In this paper, we generalize the concept of clustering coefficients for multiplex networks. We show how the layered structure of multiplex networks introduces a new degree of freedom that has a fundamental effect on transitivity. We compute our new multiplex clustering coefficients for several real multiplex networks and illustrate why generalizing monoplex concepts to multiplex networks must be done with great care.
Study of Dispersion Coefficient Channel
Akiyama, K. R.; Bressan, C. K.; Pires, M. S. G.; Canno, L. M.; Ribeiro, L. C. L. J.
2016-08-01
The issue of water pollution has worsened in recent times due to releases, intentional or not, of pollutants in natural water bodies. This causes several studies about the distribution of pollutants are carried out. The water quality models have been developed and widely used today as a preventative tool, ie to try to predict what will be the concentration distribution of constituent along a body of water in spatial and temporal scale. To understand and use such models, it is necessary to know some concepts of hydraulic high on their application, including the longitudinal dispersion coefficient. This study aims to conduct a theoretical and experimental study of the channel dispersion coefficient, yielding more information about their direct determination in the literature.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LU Yigang; PENG Jianxin; TONG Jie; DONG Yanwu
2000-01-01
On the basis of Jacobson's free length theory and the theory of pressure coefficient and temperature coefficient of free length in liquids, the relationship between the pressure coefficient of ultrasonic velocity and the pressure coefficient of free length, and the relationship between the temperature coefficient of ultrasonic velocity and the temperature coefficient of free length were studied. Relevant equations were given, and the pressure coefficient and temperature coefficient of ultrasonic velocity were calculated, which are in agreement with the measured values.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Barbier, R.
1995-09-22
This thesis concerns some aspects of new symmetries in Nuclear Physics. It comprises three parts. The first one is devoted to the study of the quantum algebra U{sub qp}(u{sub 2}). More precisely, we develop its Hopf algebraic structure and we study its co-product structure. The bases of the representation theory of U{sub qp}(u{sub 2}) are introduced. On one hand, we construct the finite-dimensional irreducible representations of U{sub qp}(u{sub 2}). On the other hand, we calculate the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients with the projection operator method. To complete our study, we construct some deformed boson mappings of the quantum algebras U{sub qp}(u{sub 2}), U{sub q{sup 2}}(su{sub 2}) and U{sub qp}(u{sub 1,1}). The second part deals with the construction of a new phenomenological model of the non rigid rotator. This model is based on the quantum algebra U{sub qp}(u{sub 2}). The rotational energy and the E2 reduced transition probabilities are obtained. They depend on the two deformation parameters q and p of the quantum algebra. We show how the use of the two-parameter deformation of the algebra U{sub qp}(u{sub 2}) leads to a generalization of the U{sub q}(su{sub 2})-rotator model. We also introduce a new model of the anharmonic oscillator on the basis of the quantum algebra U{sub qp}(u{sub 2}). We show that the system of the U{sub q}(su{sub 2})-rotator and of the anharmonic oscillator can be coupled with the use of the deformation parameters of U{sub qp}(u{sub 2}). A ro-vibration energy formula and expansion `a la` Dunham are obtained. The aim of the last part is to apply our non rigid rotator model to the rotational collective dynamics of the superdeformed nuclei of the A{approx}130 - 150 and A{approx}190 mass regions and deformed nuclei of the actinide and rare earth series. We adjust the free parameters of our model and compare our results with those from four other models of the non rigid rotator. A comparative analysis is given in terms of transition energies.
Continuous quantum mechanics of single particles in closed and quasi-closed systems: Pt. III and IV
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brieger, M. [DLR Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V., Stuttgart (Germany). Inst. fuer Technische Physik
2005-07-01
The rigorous solution to Schroedinger's nonrelativistic time-dependent equation of a single electron's spin-orbit or magnetic hyperfine interaction reveals the full dynamics of angular momentum coupling especially in the presence of an external, arbitrarily oriented magnetic field. Besides of making a description of major dynamical properties possible in simple classical terms, it also sheds new light on the seeming quantization of states: They turn out to be exceptional states of dynamical balance, which in the field-free case are only made possible by the respective pairs of Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. Moreover, the results not only show that integer and half-integer quantum numbers of the total angular momentum only apply to this special case but that in the general case they are also able to obtain the well-known splitting pattern of the stationary energy levels in the field as produced by separately identifiable, field-dependent contributions from the spin-orbit or the magnetic hyperfine interactions on the one hand, and the magnetic dipole interaction with external magnetic fields on the other in a way not accessible to the Breit-Rabi formula. The results further demonstrate that the total magnetic moment responds quite sensitively to even weak field strengths, i.e., with substantial changes although the linear Zeeman effect suggests their seeming constancy in low fields also for levels with vertical stroke M{sub J} vertical stroke < l+1/2. Although Schroedinger's equation is equivalent to an energy representation this detailed description of the behavior of the total magnetic moment is made possible by the fortunate fact that the coupling magnetic moments enter the Hamiltonian linearly. This circumstance can be exploited to describe in full detail how the total magnetic moment behaves in an arbitrarily oriented magnetic field. It is found that its motion in this environment consists of a basic Larmor precession about the field direction
Higher Order Macro Coefficients in Periodic Homogenization
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Conca, Carlos; San Martin, Jorge [Departamento de IngenierIa Matematica, Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas y Matematicas, Universidad de Chile and Centro de Modelamiento Matematico, UMR 2071 CNRS-UChile, Casilla 170/3 - Correo 3, Santiago (Chile); Smaranda, Loredana [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Pitesti, 110040 Pitesti, Str. Targu din Vale Nr.1, Arges (Romania); Vanninathan, Muthusamy, E-mail: cconca@dim.uchile.cl, E-mail: jorge@dim.uchile.cl, E-mail: smaranda@dim.uchile.cl, E-mail: vanni@math.tifrbng.res.in [TIFR-CAM, Post Bag 6503, GKVK Post, Bangalore - 560065 (India)
2011-09-15
A first set of macro coefficients known as the homogenized coefficients appear in the homogenization of PDE on periodic structures. If energy is increased or scale is decreased, these coefficients do not provide adequate approximation. Using Bloch decomposition, it is first realized that the above coefficients correspond to the lowest energy and the largest scale. This naturally paves the way to introduce other sets of macro coefficients corresponding to higher energies and lower scales which yield better approximation. The next task is to compare their properties with those of the homogenized coefficients. This article reviews these developments along with some new results yet to be published.
Energy coefficients for a propeller series
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Olsen, Anders Smærup
2004-01-01
The efficiency for a propeller is calculated by energy coefficients. These coefficients are related to four types of losses, i.e. the axial, the rotational, the frictional, and the finite blade number loss, and one gain, i.e. the axial gain. The energy coefficients are derived by use of the poten......The efficiency for a propeller is calculated by energy coefficients. These coefficients are related to four types of losses, i.e. the axial, the rotational, the frictional, and the finite blade number loss, and one gain, i.e. the axial gain. The energy coefficients are derived by use...... of the potential theory with the propeller modelled as an actuator disk. The efficiency based on the energy coefficients is calculated for a propeller series. The results show a good agreement between the efficiency based on the energy coefficients and the efficiency obtained by a vortex-lattice method....
Index-free Heat Kernel Coefficients
De van Ven, A E M
1998-01-01
Using index-free notation, we present the diagonal values of the first five heat kernel coefficients associated with a general Laplace-type operator on a compact Riemannian space without boundary. The fifth coefficient appears here for the first time. For a flat space with a gauge connection, the sixth coefficient is given too. Also provided are the leading terms for any coefficient, both in ascending and descending powers of the Yang-Mills and Riemann curvatures, to the same order as required for the fourth coefficient. These results are obtained by directly solving the relevant recursion relations, working in Fock-Schwinger gauge and Riemann normal coordinates. Our procedure is thus noncovariant, but we show that for any coefficient the `gauged' respectively `curved' version is found from the corresponding `non-gauged' respectively `flat' coefficient by making some simple covariant substitutions. These substitutions being understood, the coefficients retain their `flat' form and size. In this sense the fift...
Certain Binomial Sums with recursive coefficients
Kilic, Emrah
2010-01-01
In this short note, we establish some identities containing sums of binomials with coefficients satisfying third order linear recursive relations. As a result and in particular, we obtain general forms of earlier identities involving binomial coefficients and Fibonacci type sequences.
Standards for Standardized Logistic Regression Coefficients
Menard, Scott
2011-01-01
Standardized coefficients in logistic regression analysis have the same utility as standardized coefficients in linear regression analysis. Although there has been no consensus on the best way to construct standardized logistic regression coefficients, there is now sufficient evidence to suggest a single best approach to the construction of a…
Soccer Ball Lift Coefficients via Trajectory Analysis
Goff, John Eric; Carre, Matt J.
2010-01-01
We performed experiments in which a soccer ball was launched from a machine while two high-speed cameras recorded portions of the trajectory. Using the trajectory data and published drag coefficients, we extracted lift coefficients for a soccer ball. We determined lift coefficients for a wide range of spin parameters, including several spin…
Coefficient of Partial Correlation and Its Calculation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
段全才; 张保法
1992-01-01
This thesis offers the general concept of coefficient of partial correlation.Starting with regres-sion analysis,the paper,by using samples,infers the general formula of expressing coefficient of partial correlation by way of simple correlation coefficient.
Comparing linear probability model coefficients across groups
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Holm, Anders; Ejrnæs, Mette; Karlson, Kristian Bernt
2015-01-01
This article offers a formal identification analysis of the problem in comparing coefficients from linear probability models between groups. We show that differences in coefficients from these models can result not only from genuine differences in effects, but also from differences in one or more...... these limitations, and we suggest a restricted approach to using linear probability model coefficients in group comparisons....
Diffusion coefficient in photon diffusion theory
Graaff, R; Ten Bosch, JJ
2000-01-01
The choice of the diffusion coefficient to be used in photon diffusion theory has been a subject of discussion in recent publications on tissue optics. We compared several diffusion coefficients with the apparent diffusion coefficient from the more fundamental transport theory, D-app. Application to
Note on Methodology: The Coefficient of Variation.
Sheret, Michael
1984-01-01
Addresses applications of the coefficient of variation as a measure of educational inequality or as a means of measuring changes of inequality status. Suggests the Gini coefficient has many advantages over the coefficient of variation since it can be used with the Lorenz curve (Lorenz provides detail Gini omits). (BRR)
Separation of Discrete Variables in the 2-DIM Finite Oscillator
Atakishiyev, Natig M.; Pogosyan, George S.; Vicent, Luis Edgar; Wolf, Kurt Bernardo
2002-06-01
The finite oscillator in two dimensions is a system whose dynamical algebra is so(4); it has a discrete, finite configuration space whose points can be arranged following cartesian or polar coordinates. Its wavefunctions satisfy 'Schrödinger' difference equations; in the cartesian model they are Wigner d-functions involving Kravchuk polynomials, while in the radial model they are su(2) Clebsch-Gordan functions containing dual Hahn polynomials. An su(2) symmetry algebra and group can be imported from the ordinary oscillator; coherent states exist, and a covariant Wigner function on a compact phase space can be formulated.
A drying coefficient for building materials
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Scheffler, Gregor Albrecht; Plagge, Rudolf
2009-01-01
The drying experiment is an important element of the hygrothermal characterisation of building materials. Contrary to other moisture transport experiments as the vapour diffusion and the water absorption test, it is until now not possible to derive a simple coefficient for the drying. However...... coefficient is defined which can be determined based on measured drying data. The correlation of this coefficient with the water absorption and the vapour diffusion coefficient is analyzed and its additional information content is critically challenged. As result, a drying coefficient has been derived...... and defined as a new and independent material parameter. It contains information about the moisture transport properties throughout the wide range of moisture contents from hygroscopic up to saturation. With this new and valuable coefficient, it is now possible to distinguish and select building materials...
INVERSE COEFFICIENT PROBLEMS FOR PARABOLIC HEMIVARIATIONAL INEQUALITIES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Liu Zhenhai; I.Szántó
2011-01-01
This paper is devoted to the class of inverse problems for a nonlinear parabolic hemivariational inequality.The unknown coefficient of the operator depends on the gradient of the solution and belongs to a set of admissible coefficients.It is proved that the convergence of solutions for the corresponding direct problems continuously depends on the coefficient convergence.Based on this result the existence of a quasisolution of the inverse problem is obtained.
Comparing linear probability model coefficients across groups
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Holm, Anders; Ejrnæs, Mette; Karlson, Kristian Bernt
2015-01-01
This article offers a formal identification analysis of the problem in comparing coefficients from linear probability models between groups. We show that differences in coefficients from these models can result not only from genuine differences in effects, but also from differences in one or more...... of the following three components: outcome truncation, scale parameters and distributional shape of the predictor variable. These results point to limitations in using linear probability model coefficients for group comparisons. We also provide Monte Carlo simulations and real examples to illustrate...... these limitations, and we suggest a restricted approach to using linear probability model coefficients in group comparisons....
Why the Method of Undetermined Coefficients Works.
Ross, Clay C., Jr.
1991-01-01
This note presents a simple theorem which explains why the method of undetermined coefficients works in finding a particular solution, both for differential equations and difference equations. (Author)
DIFFERENCE SCHEMES BASING ON COEFFICIENT APPROXIMATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
MOU Zong-ze; LONG Yong-xing; QU Wen-xiao
2005-01-01
In respect of variable coefficient differential equations, the equations of coefficient function approximation were more accurate than the coefficient to be frozen as a constant in every discrete subinterval. Usually, the difference schemes constructed based on Taylor expansion approximation of the solution do not suit the solution with sharp function.Introducing into local bases to be combined with coefficient function approximation, the difference can well depict more complex physical phenomena, for example, boundary layer as well as high oscillatory, with sharp behavior. The numerical test shows the method is more effective than the traditional one.
Magnetoelectric voltage coefficients of magnetoelectric composites
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WAN Yong-ping; ZHONG Zheng; QIU Jin-hao
2006-01-01
The magnetoelectric(ME) effect of the particulate magnetostrictive/piezoelectric composite was theoretically studied. The dependence of the ME voltage coefficients on the material properties of the magnetostrictive phase was discussed. The permittivity,permeability and the elastic modulus of the magnetostrictive phase generally have obvious influences on the ME voltage coefficients. The magnetostrictive phase with a large permittivity,large permeability or stiffer modulus will respectively contribute to the higher ME voltage coefficients. For a certain kind of piezoelectric matrix,the ME voltage coefficients can be improved to some extent by choosing those magnetostrictive materials with large permittivity,permeability or high elastic modulus.
Effective stress coefficient for uniaxial strain condition
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Alam, Mohammad Monzurul; Fabricius, Ida Lykke
2012-01-01
the reason for change in effective stress coefficient under stress. Our model suggests that change in effective stress coefficient will be higher at uniaxial stress condition than at hydrostatic condition. We derived equations from the original definition of Biot to estimate effective stress coefficient from...... one dimensional rock mechanical deformation. We further investigated the effect of boundary condition on the stress dependency of effective stress coefficient and discussed its application in reservoir study. As stress field in the reservoirs are most unlikely to be hydrostatic, effective stress...
A gain-coefficient switched Alexandrite laser
Lee, Chris J; Boller, Klaus-J
2012-01-01
We report on a gain-coefficient switched Alexandrite laser. An electro-optic modulator is used to switch between high and low gain states by making use of the polarization dependent gain of Alexandrite. In gain-coefficient switched mode, the laser produces 85 ns pulses with a pulse energy of 240 mJ at a repetition rate of 5 Hz.
Heat transfer coefficient for boiling carbon dioxide
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Knudsen, Hans Jørgen Høgaard; Jensen, Per Henrik
1998-01-01
Heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop for boiling carbon dioxide (R744) flowing in a horizontal pipe has been measured. The calculated heat transfer coeeficient has been compared with the Chart correlation of Shah. The Chart Correlation predits too low heat transfer coefficient but the ratio...
Estimating Runoff Coefficients Using Weather Radars
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ahm, Malte; Thorndahl, Søren Liedtke; Rasmussen, Michael R.;
2012-01-01
This paper presents a method for estimating runoff coefficients of urban drainage catchments based on a combination of high resolution weather radar data and insewer flow measurements. By utilising the spatial variability of the precipitation it is possible to estimate the runoff coefficients...
Graphite friction coefficient for various conditions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2001-01-01
The friction coefficient the graphite used in the Tsinghua University 10MW High Tem-perature Gas-Cooled Reactor was analyzed for various conditions. The variation of the graphitefriction coefficient was measured for various sliding velocities, sliding distances, normal loads, en-vironments and temperatures. A scanning elector microscope (SEM) was used to analyze the fric-tion surfaces.
Alternatives to Pearson's and Spearman's Correlation Coefficients
Smarandache, Florentin
2008-01-01
This article presents several alternatives to Pearson's correlation coefficient and many examples. In the samples where the rank in a discrete variable counts more than the variable values, the mixtures that we propose of Pearson's and Spearman's correlation coefficients give better results.
Determination of the surface drag coefficient
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mahrt, L.; Vickers, D.; Sun, J.L.;
2001-01-01
This study examines the dependence of the surface drag coefficient on stability, wind speed, mesoscale modulation of the turbulent flux and method of calculation of the drag coefficient. Data sets over grassland, sparse grass, heather and two forest sites are analyzed. For significantly unstable ...
A gain-coefficient switched Alexandrite laser
Lee, Chris J.; Slot, van der Peter J.M.; Boller, Klaus-J.
2013-01-01
We report on a gain-coefficient switched Alexandrite laser. An electro-optic modulator is used to switch between high and low gain states by making use of the polarization dependent gain of Alexandrite. In gain-coefficient switched mode, the laser produces 85 ns pulses with a pulse energy of 240 mJ
Drag Coefficient of Thin Flexible Cylinder
Subramanian, Chelakara; Gurram, Harika
2015-11-01
Measurements of drag coefficients of thin flexible cylindrical wires are described for the Reynolds number range between 250 - 1000. Results indicate that the coefficient values are about 20 to 30 percent lower than the reported laminar flow values for rigid cylinders. Possible fluid dynamics mechanism causing the reduction in drag will be discussed.
Efficient Estimation in Heteroscedastic Varying Coefficient Models
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Chuanhua Wei
2015-07-01
Full Text Available This paper considers statistical inference for the heteroscedastic varying coefficient model. We propose an efficient estimator for coefficient functions that is more efficient than the conventional local-linear estimator. We establish asymptotic normality for the proposed estimator and conduct some simulation to illustrate the performance of the proposed method.
Problems with Discontinuous Diffusion/Dispersion Coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Stefano Ferraris
2012-01-01
accurate on smooth solutions and based on a special numerical treatment of the diffusion/dispersion coefficients that makes its application possible also when such coefficients are discontinuous. Numerical experiments confirm the convergence of the numerical approximation and show a good behavior on a set of benchmark problems in two space dimensions.
Helioseismic Solar Cycle Changes and Splitting Coefficients
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
S. C. Tripathy; Kiran Jain; A. Bhatnagar
2000-09-01
Using the GONG data for a period over four years, we have studied the variation of frequencies and splitting coefficients with solar cycle. Frequencies and even-order coefficients are found to change significantly with rising phase of the solar cycle. We also find temporal variations in the rotation rate near the solar surface.
Gini coefficient as a life table function
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
2003-06-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a toolkit for measuring and analyzing inter-individual inequality in length of life by Gini coefficient. Gini coefficient and four other inequality measures are defined on the length-of-life distribution. Properties of these measures and their empirical testing on mortality data suggest a possibility for different judgements about the direction of changes in the degree of inequality by using different measures. A new computational procedure for the estimation of Gini coefficient from life tables is developed and tested on about four hundred real life tables. The estimates of Gini coefficient are precise enough even for abridged life tables with the final age group of 85+. New formulae have been developed for the decomposition of differences between Gini coefficients by age and cause of death. A new method for decomposition of age-components into effects of mortality and composition of population by group is developed. Temporal changes in the effects of elimination of causes of death on Gini coefficient are analyzed. Numerous empirical examples show: Lorenz curves for Sweden, Russia and Bangladesh in 1995, proportional changes in Gini coefficient and four other measures of inequality for the USA in 1950-1995 and for Russia in 1959-2000. Further shown are errors of estimates of Gini coefficient when computed from various types of mortality data of France, Japan, Sweden and the USA in 1900-95, decompositions of the USA-UK difference in life expectancies and Gini coefficients by age and cause of death in 1997. As well, effects of elimination of major causes of death in the UK in 1951-96 on Gini coefficient, age-specific effects of mortality and educational composition of the Russian population on changes in life expectancy and Gini coefficient between 1979 and 1989. Illustrated as well are variations in life expectancy and Gini coefficient across 32 countries in 1996-1999 and associated changes in life expectancy and Gini
Estimating beta-mixing coefficients via histograms
McDonald, Daniel J; Schervish, Mark
2011-01-01
The literature on statistical learning for time series often assumes asymptotic independence or "mixing" of data sources. Beta-mixing has long been important in establishing the central limit theorem and invariance principle for stochastic processes; recent work has identified it as crucial to extending results from empirical processes and statistical learning theory to dependent data, with quantitative risk bounds involving the actual beta coefficients. There is, however, presently no way to actually estimate those coefficients from data; while general functional forms are known for some common classes of processes (Markov processes, ARMA models, etc.), specific coefficients are generally beyond calculation. We present an l1-risk consistent estimator for the beta-mixing coefficients, based on a single stationary sample path. Since mixing coefficients involve infinite-order dependence, we use an order-d Markov approximation. We prove high-probability concentration results for the Markov approximation and show...
Estimation of the simple correlation coefficient.
Shieh, Gwowen
2010-11-01
This article investigates some unfamiliar properties of the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient for the estimation of simple correlation coefficient. Although Pearson's r is biased, except for limited situations, and the minimum variance unbiased estimator has been proposed in the literature, researchers routinely employ the sample correlation coefficient in their practical applications, because of its simplicity and popularity. In order to support such practice, this study examines the mean squared errors of r and several prominent formulas. The results reveal specific situations in which the sample correlation coefficient performs better than the unbiased and nearly unbiased estimators, facilitating recommendation of r as an effect size index for the strength of linear association between two variables. In addition, related issues of estimating the squared simple correlation coefficient are also considered.
An Efficient Approach for Computing Silhouette Coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Moh'd B. Al- Zoubi
2008-01-01
Full Text Available One popular approach for finding the best number of clusters (K in a data set is through computing the silhouette coefficients. The silhouette coefficients for different values of K, are first found and then the maximum value of these coefficients is chosen. However, computing the silhouette coefficient for different Ks is a very time consuming process. This is due to the amount of CPU time spent on distance calculations. A proposed approach to compute the silhouette coefficient quickly had been presented. The approach was based on decreasing the number of addition operations when computing distances. The results were efficient and more than 50% of the CPU time was achieved when applied to different data sets.
Discharge coefficient of small sonic nozzles
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yin Zhao-Qin
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The purpose of this investigation is to understand flow characteristics in mini/micro sonic nozzles, in order to precisely measure and control miniscule flowrates. Experimental and numerical simulation methods have been used to study critical flow Venturi nozzles. The results show that the nozzle’s size and shape influence gas flow characteristics which leading the boundary layer thickness to change, and then impact on the discharge coefficient. With the diameter of sonic nozzle throat decreasing, the discharge coefficient reduces. The maximum discharge coefficient exits in the condition of the inlet surface radius being double the throat diameter. The longer the diffuser section, the smaller the discharge coefficient becomes. Diffuser angle affects the discharge coefficient slightly.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Takebe, Shinichi; Abe, Masayoshi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment
2001-03-01
The distribution coefficient is very important parameter for environmental impact assessment on the disposal of radioactive waste arising from research institutes. The literature survey in the country was mainly carried out for the purpose of selecting the reasonable distribution coefficient value on the utilization of this value in the safety evaluation. This report was arranged much informations on the distribution coefficient for inputting to the database for each literature, and was summarized as a literature information data on the distribution coefficient. (author)
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jeong, Cheol-Ho; Chang, Ji-ho
2015-01-01
coefficients measured in 13 different chambers in a recent round-robin test, revealing that the reproducibility of the converted random incidence absorption coefficient is improved significantly compared to that of the Sabine absorption coefficient. Between the two optimization methods used, the flow...
Soccer ball lift coefficients via trajectory analysis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Goff, John Eric [Department of Physics, Lynchburg College, Lynchburg, VA 24501 (United States); Carre, Matt J, E-mail: goff@lynchburg.ed [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom)
2010-07-15
We performed experiments in which a soccer ball was launched from a machine while two high-speed cameras recorded portions of the trajectory. Using the trajectory data and published drag coefficients, we extracted lift coefficients for a soccer ball. We determined lift coefficients for a wide range of spin parameters, including several spin parameters that have not been obtained by today's wind tunnels. Our trajectory analysis technique is not only a valuable tool for professional sports scientists, it is also accessible to students with a background in undergraduate-level classical mechanics.
Spatial correlation coefficient images for ultrasonic detection.
Cepel, Raina; Ho, K C; Rinker, Brett A; Palmer, Donald D; Lerch, Terrence P; Neal, Steven P
2007-09-01
In ultrasonics, image formation and detection are generally based on signal amplitude. In this paper, we introduce correlation coefficient images as a signal-amplitude independent approach for image formation. The correlation coefficients are calculated between A-scans digitized at adjacent measurement positions. In these images, defects are revealed as regions of high or low correlation relative to the background correlations associated with noise. Correlation coefficient and C-scan images are shown to demonstrate flat-bottom-hole detection in a stainless steel annular ring and crack detection in an aluminum aircraft structure.
Tracking time-varying coefficient-functions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Henrik Aalborg; Nielsen, Torben Skov; Joensen, Alfred K.;
2000-01-01
is a combination of recursive least squares with exponential forgetting and local polynomial regression. It is argued, that it is appropriate to let the forgetting factor vary with the value of the external signal which is the argument of the coefficient functions. Some of the key properties of the modified method......, but otherwise unknown, functions of a low-dimensional input process. These coefficient functions are estimated adaptively and recursively without specifying a global parametric, form, i.e. the method allows for online tracking of the coefficient functions. Essentially, in its most simple form, the method...
Inferences on the common coefficient of variation.
Tian, Lili
2005-07-30
The coefficient of variation is often used as a measure of precision and reproducibility of data in medical and biological science. This paper considers the problem of making inference about the common population coefficient of variation when it is a priori suspected that several independent samples are from populations with a common coefficient of variation. The procedures for confidence interval estimation and hypothesis testing are developed based on the concepts of generalized variables. The coverage properties of the proposed confidence intervals and type-I errors of the proposed tests are evaluated by simulation. The proposed methods are illustrated by a real life example.
Friction coefficient dependence on electrostatic tribocharging
Burgo, Thiago A. L.; Silva, Cristiane A.; Balestrin, Lia B. S.; Galembeck, Fernando
2013-08-01
Friction between dielectric surfaces produces patterns of fixed, stable electric charges that in turn contribute electrostatic components to surface interactions between the contacting solids. The literature presents a wealth of information on the electronic contributions to friction in metals and semiconductors but the effect of triboelectricity on friction coefficients of dielectrics is as yet poorly defined and understood. In this work, friction coefficients were measured on tribocharged polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), using three different techniques. As a result, friction coefficients at the macro- and nanoscales increase many-fold when PTFE surfaces are tribocharged, but this effect is eliminated by silanization of glass spheres rolling on PTFE. In conclusion, tribocharging may supersede all other contributions to macro- and nanoscale friction coefficients in PTFE and probably in other insulating polymers.
Heat transfer coefficient of cryotop during freezing.
Li, W J; Zhou, X L; Wang, H S; Liu, B L; Dai, J J
2013-01-01
Cryotop is an efficient vitrification method for cryopreservation of oocytes. It has been widely used owing to its simple operation and high freezing rate. Recently, the heat transfer performance of cryotop was studied by numerical simulation in several studies. However, the range of heat transfer coefficient in the simulation is uncertain. In this study, the heat transfer coefficient for cryotop during freezing process was analyzed. The cooling rates of 40 percent ethylene glycol (EG) droplet in cryotop during freezing were measured by ultra-fast measurement system and calculated by numerical simulation at different value of heat transfer coefficient. Compared with the results obtained by two methods, the range of the heat transfer coefficient necessary for the numerical simulation of cryotop was determined, which is between 9000 W/(m(2)·K) and 10000 W/(m (2)·K).
Cohomology with Coefficients for Operadic Coalgebras
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Anita Majumdar; Donald Yau
2009-09-01
Corepresentations of a coalgebra over a quadratic operad are defined, and various characterizations of them are given. Cohomology of such an operadic coalgebra with coefficients in a corepresentation is then studied.
Torsion method for measuring piezooptic coefficients
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Skab, I.; Smaga, I.; Savaryn, V.; Vasylkiv, Yu.; Vlokh, R. [Institute of Physical Optics, Lviv (Ukraine)
2011-01-15
We develop and describe analytically a torsion method for measuring piezooptic coefficients associated with shear stresses. It is shown that the method enables to increase significantly the accuracy of determination of piezooptic coefficients. The method and the appropriate apparatus are verified experimentally on the example of LiNbO{sub 3} crystals. (copyright 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)
Measuring Resource Inequality: The Gini Coefficient
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Michael T. Catalano
2009-07-01
Full Text Available This paper stems from work done by the authors at the Mathematics for Social Justice Workshop held in June of 2007 at Middlebury College. We provide a description of the Gini coefficient and some discussion of how it can be used to promote quantitative literacy skills in mathematics courses. The Gini Coefficient was introduced in 1921 by Italian statistician Corrado Gini as a measure of inequality. It is defined as twice the area between two curves. One, the Lorenz curve for a given population with respect to a given resource, represents the cumulative percentage of the resource as a function of the cumulative percentage of the population that shares that percentage of the resource. The second curve is the line y = x which is the Lorenz curve for a population which shares the resource equally. The Gini coefficient can be interpreted as the percentage of inequality represented in the population with respect to the given resource. We propose that the Gini coefficient can be used to enhance students’ understanding of calculus concepts and provide practice for students in using both calculus and quantitative literacy skills. Our examples are based mainly on distribution of energy resources using publicly available data from the Energy Information Agency of the United States Government. For energy resources within the United States, we find that by household, the Gini coefficient is 0.346, while using the 51 data points represented by the states and Washington D.C., the Gini coefficient is 0.158. When we consider the countries of the world as a population of 210, the Gini coefficient is 0.670. We close with ideas for questions which can be posed to students and discussion of the experiences two other mathematics instructors have had incorporating the Gini coefficient into pre-calculus-level mathematics classes.
Thermal expansion coefficient of binary semiconductors
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kumar, V.; Sastry, B.S.R. [Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad (India). Dept. of Electronics and Instrumentation
2001-07-01
The linear thermal expansion coefficient of tetrahedrally coordinated A{sup II}B{sup VI} and A{sup III}B{sup V} semiconductors has been calculated using plasmon energy data. A simple relation between the bond length and plasmon energy has been derived. The calculated values of thermal expansion coefficient and bond length have been compared with the experimental values and the values reported by different workers. An excellent experiment has been obtained between them. (orig.)
Mass transfer coefficients in metallurgical reactors
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2003-01-01
An overview on the application and achievements of physico-mathematical modeling of metallurgical processes in Chinais briefly declared. The important role of coefficients in model formulation is shown from our experience. The mass transfer coeffi-cients of the slag-metal reactions and the gas-metal reactions are discussed referring to the flow conditions near the interface. Theinfluence of the surface-active species on the mass transfer and the inteffacial reaction is also discussed briefly.
Thermal Expansion Coefficients of Thin Crystal Films
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2005-01-01
The formulas for atomic displacements and Hamiltonian of a thin crystal film in phonon occupation number representation are obtained with the aid of Green's function theory. On the basis of these results, the formulas for thermal expansion coefficients of the thin crystal film are derived with the perturbation theory, and the numerical calculations are carried out. The results show that the thinner films have larger thermal expansion coefficients.
Fourier coefficient description of left ventricular shape.
Round, W H; Bates, R H; Ikram, H
1991-12-01
A method of quantifying the shape of the left ventricle of the heart as seen in 2D echocardiograms was developed. It is based on describing the shape in terms of the coefficients a fifth-order trigonometric Fourier series. Such a series has eleven Fourier coefficients which is too large a number for clinical application so pairs of coefficients are combined to give six coefficients (alpha 0, alpha 1, ... , alpha 5). A trial was conducted to test the ability of the coefficient description to classify subjects as having normal right ventricles or ventricles with an apical abnormality. The tests showed that one of the coefficients (alpha 2) was higher for the subjects with an apical abnormality and that this difference increased with exercise. This is as was expected. However, it was found to be difficult to get a reliable estimate of alpha 2 from a single scan of a patient and that it is therefore probably necessary to average data from several scans to obtain a reliable alpha 2 value for a single patient.
Concordance correlation coefficient applied to discrete data.
Carrasco, Josep L; Jover, Lluis
2005-12-30
In any field in which decisions are subject to measurements, interchangeability between the methods used to obtain these measurements is essential. To consider methods as interchangeable, a certain degree of agreement is needed between the measurements they provide. The concordance correlation coefficient is an index that assesses the strength of agreement and it has been widely applied in situations in which measurements are made on a continuous scale. Recently the concordance correlation coefficient has been defined as a specific intraclass correlation coefficient estimated by the variance components of a Normal-Normal mixed linear model. Although this coefficient was defined for the continuous scale case, it may also be used with a discrete scale. In this case the data are often transformed and normalized, and the concordance correlation is applied. This study discusses the expression of the concordance correlation coefficient for discrete Poisson data by means of the Poisson-Normal generalized linear mixed model. The behaviour of the concordance correlation coefficient estimate is assessed by means of a simulation study, in which the estimates were compared using four models: three Normal-Normal mixed models with raw data, log-transformed data and square-root transformed data, and the Poisson-Normal generalized linear mixed model. An example is provided in which two different methods are used to measure CD34+ cells.
Experimental methodology for obtaining sound absorption coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Carlos A. Macía M
2011-07-01
Full Text Available Objective: the authors propose a new methodology for estimating sound absorption coefficients using genetic algorithms. Methodology: sound waves are generated and conducted along a rectangular silencer. The waves are then attenuated by the absorbing material covering the silencer’s walls. The attenuated sound pressure level is used in a genetic algorithm-based search to find the parameters of the proposed attenuation expressions that include geometric factors, the wavelength and the absorption coefficient. Results: a variety of adjusted mathematical models were found that make it possible to estimate the absorption coefficients based on the characteristics of a rectangular silencer used for measuring the attenuation of the noise that passes through it. Conclusions: this methodology makes it possible to obtain the absorption coefficients of new materials in a cheap and simple manner. Although these coefficients might be slightly different from those obtained through other methodologies, they provide solutions within the engineering accuracy ranges that are used for designing noise control systems.
Temporal correlation coefficient for directed networks.
Büttner, Kathrin; Salau, Jennifer; Krieter, Joachim
2016-01-01
Previous studies dealing with network theory focused mainly on the static aggregation of edges over specific time window lengths. Thus, most of the dynamic information gets lost. To assess the quality of such a static aggregation the temporal correlation coefficient can be calculated. It measures the overall possibility for an edge to persist between two consecutive snapshots. Up to now, this measure is only defined for undirected networks. Therefore, we introduce the adaption of the temporal correlation coefficient to directed networks. This new methodology enables the distinction between ingoing and outgoing edges. Besides a small example network presenting the single calculation steps, we also calculated the proposed measurements for a real pig trade network to emphasize the importance of considering the edge direction. The farm types at the beginning of the pork supply chain showed clearly higher values for the outgoing temporal correlation coefficient compared to the farm types at the end of the pork supply chain. These farm types showed higher values for the ingoing temporal correlation coefficient. The temporal correlation coefficient is a valuable tool to understand the structural dynamics of these systems, as it assesses the consistency of the edge configuration. The adaption of this measure for directed networks may help to preserve meaningful additional information about the investigated network that might get lost if the edge directions are ignored.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Paszkuta, M.; Rosanne, M.; Adler, P.M. [Sisyphe, 75 - Paris (France)
2006-10-15
The coefficients that characterize the simultaneous transports of mass, heat, solute and current through compact clays are experimentally and theoretically determined. The role of a characteristic length scale that can be derived from conductivity and permeability is illustrated for the electrokinetic coefficients. The macroscopic Soret coefficient in clays was found five times larger than in the free fluid, presumably because of extra couplings with electrical phenomena. (authors)
Effect of Rare Earths on Diffusion Coefficient and Transfer Coefficient of Carbon during Carburizing
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
The diffusion coefficient of carbon in surface layer of steel-20 rare earth carburized at 880 ℃ and 900 ℃ for 8 h was calculated by substituting the measured layer depths into the diffusion equation. The mathematical model of the transfer coefficient of carbon was deduced based on the kinetics of weight gain during gas carburizing. The calculated results show that the main reason why the gas carburizing process is accelerated is due to the obvious increase in the diffusion coefficient and transfer coefficient of carbon resulted from the addition of RE.
Curvature of Indoor Sensor Network: Clustering Coefficient
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
2009-03-01
Full Text Available We investigate the geometric properties of the communication graph in realistic low-power wireless networks. In particular, we explore the concept of the curvature of a wireless network via the clustering coefficient. Clustering coefficient analysis is a computationally simplified, semilocal approach, which nevertheless captures such a large-scale feature as congestion in the underlying network. The clustering coefficient concept is applied to three cases of indoor sensor networks, under varying thresholds on the link packet reception rate (PRR. A transition from positive curvature (“meshed” network to negative curvature (“core concentric” network is observed by increasing the threshold. Even though this paper deals with network curvature per se, we nevertheless expand on the underlying congestion motivation, propose several new concepts (network inertia and centroid, and finally we argue that greedy routing on a virtual positively curved network achieves load balancing on the physical network.
Probability based calibration of pressure coefficients
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Svend Ole; Pedersen, Marie Louise; Sørensen, John Dalsgaard
2015-01-01
not depend on the type of variable action. A probability based calibration of pressure coefficients have been carried out using pressure measurements on the standard CAARC building modelled on scale of 1:383. The extreme pressures measured on the CAARC building model in the wind tunnel have been fitted...... to Gumbel distributions, and these fits are found to represent the data measured with good accuracy. The pressure distributions found have been used in a calibration of partial factors, which should achieve a certain theoretical target reliability index. For a target annual reliability index of 4.......3, the Eurocode partial factor of 1.5 for variable actions agrees well with the inherent uncertainties of wind actions when the pressure coefficients are determined using wind tunnel test results. The increased bias and uncertainty when pressure coefficients mainly are based on structural codes lead to a larger...
Study on the Friction Coefficient in Grinding
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
The friction between the abrasive grains and workpi ec e is a crutial factor determining the main grinding output. Few studies have bee n carried out investigating the values of the friction coefficient in grinding, due to the difficulty of direct measurement. In this paper, a mathematical model of the friction coefficient in grinding has been established with the aid of a new grinding parameter C ge, which has close relations to wheel wear rate Z s, metal removal rate Z w, specific energy u and gr...
Effective Diffusion Coefficients in Coal Chars
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Johnsson, Jan Erik; Jensen, Anker
2001-01-01
Knowledge of effective diffusion coefficients in char particles is important when interpreting experimental reactivity measurements and modeling char combustion or NO and N2O reduction. In this work, NO and N2O reaction with a bituminous coal char was studied in a fixed-bed quartz glass reactor....... The experimental results were compared with theoretical values calculated from the mean pore radius and the cross-linked pore model. The method of mean pore radius underestimated the effective diffusion coefficient more than an order of magnitude. Using the cross-linked pore model, the bimodal pore size...
Estimating inbreeding coefficients from NGS data
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Vieira, Filipe Garrett; Fumagalli, Matteo; Albrechtsen, Anders;
2013-01-01
Most methods for Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) data analyses incorporate information regarding allele frequencies using the assumption of Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) as a prior. However, many organisms including domesticated, partially selfing or with asexual life cycles show strong...... deviations from HWE. For such species, and specially for low coverage data, it is necessary to obtain estimates of inbreeding coefficients (F) for each individual beforecalling genotypes. Here, we present two methods for estimating inbreeding coefficients from NGS data based on an Expectation...
Virial expansion coefficients in the harmonic approximation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
R. Armstrong, J.; Zinner, Nikolaj Thomas; V. Fedorov, D.;
2012-01-01
The virial expansion method is applied within a harmonic approximation to an interacting N-body system of identical fermions. We compute the canonical partition functions for two and three particles to get the two lowest orders in the expansion. The energy spectrum is carefully interpolated...... to reproduce ground state properties at low temperature and the non-interacting large temperature limit of constant virial coefficients. This resembles the smearing of shell effects in finite systems with increasing temperature. Numerical results are discussed for the second and third virial coefficients...
Monomeric Friction Coefficient of Metalnanodispersible Polymeric Systems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
B.B. Kolupayev
2016-12-01
Full Text Available Influence of a nanodispersible metal excipient in number of 0 5,0 vol.% Cu for the size of a monomeric friction coefficient of polyvinylchloride (PVC systems in temperature range 298 Т (Tg + 10 K is investigated. It is shown that various types of coordination movements of building blocks are described by a friction coefficient which serves as a measure of influence of external fields and ingredients on viscoelastic behavior of a composite. The analysis of processes of a relaxation on the basis of the theory of flexible chains taking into account power and entropic factors is carried out.
Dai, Guang-Ming
2006-02-15
The set of Fourier series is discussed following some discussion of Zernike polynomials. Fourier transforms of Zernike polynomials are derived that allow for relating Fourier series expansion coefficients to Zernike polynomial expansion coefficients. With iterative Fourier reconstruction, Zernike representations of wavefront aberrations can easily be obtained from wavefront derivative measurements.
Fokker-Planck Type Equations with Sobolev Diffusion Coefficients and BV Drift Coefficients
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
De Jun LUO
2013-01-01
Combining Le Bris and Lions' arguments with Ambrosio's commutator estimate for BV vector fields,we prove in this paper the existence and uniqueness of solutions to the Fokker-Planck type equations with Sobolev diffusion coefficients and BV drift coefficients.
Recursive Construction of Operator Product Expansion Coefficients
Holland, Jan; Hollands, Stefan
2015-06-01
We derive a novel formula for the derivative of operator product expansion (OPE) coefficients with respect to a coupling constant. The formula involves just the OPE coefficients themselves but no further input, and is in this sense self-consistent. Furthermore, unlike other formal identities of this general nature in quantum field theory (such as the formal expression for the Lagrangian perturbation of a correlation function), our formula requires no further UV-renormalization, i.e., it is completely well-defined from the start. This feature is a result of a cancelation of UV- and IR-divergences between various terms in our identity. Our proof, and an analysis of the features of the identity, is given for the example of massive, Euclidean theory in 4 dimensional Euclidean space. It relies on the renormalization group flow equation method and is valid to arbitrary, but finite orders in perturbation theory. The final formula, however, makes neither explicit reference to the renormalization group flow, nor to perturbation theory, and we conjecture that it also holds non-perturbatively. Our identity can be applied constructively because it gives a novel recursive algorithm for the computation of OPE coefficients to arbitrary (finite) perturbation order in terms of the zeroth order coefficients corresponding to the underlying free field theory, which in turn are trivial to obtain. We briefly illustrate the relation of this method to more standard methods for computing the OPE in some simple examples.
Wind speed scaling and the drag coefficient
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2005-01-01
Wind speed scaling in similarity law in wind-generated waves and the drag coefficient are studied. In analyzing the data in the wind wave channel, it is found that the u. scaling greatly reduces the scatter in the U10 scaling. The u. scaling has much less scatter than the scaling using other wind speeds. The friction velocity seems to play a distinctive role in wave growth. The result is important in the applications of the similarity law and in wave modeling. In theory it gives an insight into the mechanism of wind wave interaction. It is found that wave steepness is important in influencing the drag coefficient. The variability of the coefficients in the currently widely used drag form can be explained by the differences in wave steepness in the observations. A drag coefficient model with wind speed and wave steepness as parameters is proposed. An explanation for Kahma' s result that the u. scaling does not reduce the scatter in the U10 scaling is given.
Bayesian Meta-Analysis of Coefficient Alpha
Brannick, Michael T.; Zhang, Nanhua
2013-01-01
The current paper describes and illustrates a Bayesian approach to the meta-analysis of coefficient alpha. Alpha is the most commonly used estimate of the reliability or consistency (freedom from measurement error) for educational and psychological measures. The conventional approach to meta-analysis uses inverse variance weights to combine…
An alternative coefficient for sound absorption
Wijnant, Y.H.; Kuipers, E.R.; Boer, de A.; Sas, P.; Jonckheere, S.; Moens, D.
2013-01-01
The acoustic absorption coefficient is a number that indicates which fraction of the incident acoustic power impinging on a surface is being absorbed. The incident acoustic power is obtained by spatial integration of the incident intensity, which is (classically) defined as the time-averaged intensi
Bitplane Image Coding With Parallel Coefficient Processing.
Auli-Llinas, Francesc; Enfedaque, Pablo; Moure, Juan C; Sanchez, Victor
2016-01-01
Image coding systems have been traditionally tailored for multiple instruction, multiple data (MIMD) computing. In general, they partition the (transformed) image in codeblocks that can be coded in the cores of MIMD-based processors. Each core executes a sequential flow of instructions to process the coefficients in the codeblock, independently and asynchronously from the others cores. Bitplane coding is a common strategy to code such data. Most of its mechanisms require sequential processing of the coefficients. The last years have seen the upraising of processing accelerators with enhanced computational performance and power efficiency whose architecture is mainly based on the single instruction, multiple data (SIMD) principle. SIMD computing refers to the execution of the same instruction to multiple data in a lockstep synchronous way. Unfortunately, current bitplane coding strategies cannot fully profit from such processors due to inherently sequential coding task. This paper presents bitplane image coding with parallel coefficient (BPC-PaCo) processing, a coding method that can process many coefficients within a codeblock in parallel and synchronously. To this end, the scanning order, the context formation, the probability model, and the arithmetic coder of the coding engine have been re-formulated. The experimental results suggest that the penalization in coding performance of BPC-PaCo with respect to the traditional strategies is almost negligible.
Regularity of the Interband Light Absorption Coefficient
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
M Krishna
2010-06-01
In this paper we consider the interband light absorption coefficient (ILAC), in a symmetric form, in the case of random operators on the -dimensional lattice. We show that the symmetrized version of ILAC is either continuous or has a component which has the same modulus of continuity as the density of states.
LIOUVILLE'S THEOREM FOR LPDO WITH CONSTANT COEFFICIENTS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Han Yazhou; Luo Xuebo
2005-01-01
In this note, the authors consider a class of linear partial differential operators P(θ) with constant coefficients and prove that the operator P(θ) has Liouville property if and only if the polynomial P(iξ) doesn't have roots in Rn\\{O}.
NEGATIVE MAXWELL-STEFAN DIFFUSION-COEFFICIENTS
KRAAIJEVELD, G; WESSELINGH, JA
1993-01-01
The existence of negative Maxwell-Stefan diffusivities is investigated. For the case where the diffusion coefficients are taken to be composition dependent, it is found that the theory of irreversible thermodynamics does not require all diffusivities to be positive definite. This theoretical result
The Evolution of Pearson's Correlation Coefficient
Kader, Gary D.; Franklin, Christine A.
2008-01-01
This article describes an activity for developing the notion of association between two quantitative variables. By exploring a collection of scatter plots, the authors propose a nonstandard "intuitive" measure of association; and by examining properties of this measure, they develop the more standard measure, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient. The…
Infinite matrices, wavelet coefficients and frames
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
N. A. Sheikh
2004-01-01
Full Text Available We study the action of A on f∈L2(ℝ and on its wavelet coefficients, where A=(almjklmjk is a double infinite matrix. We find the frame condition for A-transform of f∈L2(ℝ whose wavelet series expansion is known.
Quantum Correlation Coefficients for Angular Coherent States
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Wei; HE Yan; GUO Hao
2009-01-01
Quantum covariance and correlation coefficients of angular or SU(2) coherent states are directly calculated for all irreducible unitary representations.These results explicitly verify that the angular coherent states minimize the Robertson-Schrodinger uncertainty relation for all spins, which means that they are the so-called intelligent states.The same results can be obtained by the Schwinger representation approach.
Computer programs for the concordance correlation coefficient.
Crawford, Sara B; Kosinski, Andrzej S; Lin, Hung-Mo; Williamson, John M; Barnhart, Huiman X
2007-10-01
The CCC macro is presented for computation of the concordance correlation coefficient (CCC), a common measure of reproducibility. The macro has been produced in both SAS and R, and a detailed presentation of the macro input and output for the SAS program is included. The macro provides estimation of three versions of the CCC, as presented by Lin [L.I.-K. Lin, A concordance correlation coefficient to evaluate reproducibility, Biometrics 45 (1989) 255-268], Barnhart et al. [H.X. Barnhart, J.L. Haber, J.L. Song, Overall concordance correlation coefficient for evaluating agreement among multiple observers, Biometrics 58 (2002) 1020-1027], and Williamson et al. [J.M. Williamson, S.B. Crawford, H.M. Lin, Resampling dependent concordance correlation coefficients, J. Biopharm. Stat. 17 (2007) 685-696]. It also provides bootstrap confidence intervals for the CCC, as well as for the difference in CCCs for both independent and dependent samples. The macro is designed for balanced data only. Detailed explanation of the involved computations and macro variable definitions are provided in the text. Two biomedical examples are included to illustrate that the macro can be easily implemented.
Problems on Divisibility of Binomial Coefficients
Osler, Thomas J.; Smoak, James
2004-01-01
Twelve unusual problems involving divisibility of the binomial coefficients are represented in this article. The problems are listed in "The Problems" section. All twelve problems have short solutions which are listed in "The Solutions" section. These problems could be assigned to students in any course in which the binomial theorem and Pascal's…
Coefficient Omega Bootstrap Confidence Intervals: Nonnormal Distributions
Padilla, Miguel A.; Divers, Jasmin
2013-01-01
The performance of the normal theory bootstrap (NTB), the percentile bootstrap (PB), and the bias-corrected and accelerated (BCa) bootstrap confidence intervals (CIs) for coefficient omega was assessed through a Monte Carlo simulation under conditions not previously investigated. Of particular interests were nonnormal Likert-type and binary items.…
Coefficient of Restitution of a Tennis Ball
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andre Roux
2007-06-01
Full Text Available The coefficient of restitution (COR of a tennis ball was investigated over a range of impact velocities. It was found that the COR of the ball was lower than ATP regulations specify, and that the COR decreased with increasing impact velocity.
Determination of the convective heat transfer coefficient
Spierings, D.; Bosman, F.; Peters, T.; Plasschaert, F.
1987-01-01
The value of the convective heat transfer coefficient (htc) is determined under different loading conditions by using a computer aided method. The thermal load has been applied mathematically as well as experimentally to the coronal surface of an axisymmetric tooth model. To verify the assumptions m
Coupling coefficients for coupled-cavity lasers
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lang, R.J.; Yariv, A.
1987-03-01
The authors derive simple, analytic formulas for the field coupling coefficients in a two-section coupled-cavity laser using a local field rate equation treatment. They show that there is a correction to the heuristic formulas based on power flow calculated by Marcuse; the correction is in agreement with numerical calculations from a coupled-mode approach.
Confidence Intervals for Cronbach's Coefficient Alpha Values
A.J. Koning (Alex); Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans)
2003-01-01
textabstractCoefficient Alpha, which is widely used in empirical research, estimates the reliability of a test consisting of parallel items. In practice it is difficult to compare values of alpha across studies as it depends on the number of items used. In this paper we provide a simple solution, wh
Pressure-viscosity coefficient of biobased lubricants
Film thickness is an important tribological property that is dependent on the combined effect of lubricant properties, material property of friction surfaces, and the operating conditions of the tribological process. Pressure-viscosity coefficient (PVC) is one of the lubricant properties that influe...
Molar extinction coefficients of some fatty acids
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sandhu, G.K.; Singh, K.; Lark, B.S.;
2002-01-01
) and stearic acid (C18H36O2), has been measured at the photon energies 81, 356, 511, 662, 1173 and 1332 keV. Experimental values for the molar extinction coefficient, the effective atomic number and the electron density have been derived and compared with theoretical calculations. There is good agreement...
Coefficient of variation of underwater irradiance fluctuations
Weber, V. L.
2010-06-01
We consider underwater sunlight fluctuations in the case of a one-dimensional irregular sea surface. Several rigorous and approximate models are proposed, which make it possible to analytically treat and physically explain the dependence of the coefficient of variation of the underwater irradiance on the depth, the wind velocity, and optical parameters of the sea water.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jeong, Cheol-Ho; Ih, Jeong-Guon; Rindel, Jens Holger
2005-01-01
the measured surface impedance. However, it is not always possible to get the measured impedance data of the surface, so that a practical way of getting reflection characteristics is needed. Generally, in the architectural acoustics field, the absorption coefficients have been employed in the calculations...... in spite of the fact that the usual assumptions of geometric acoustics still hold. In the calculation of pressure impulse response, it is essential to have the reflection characteristics of the surfaces in the enclosed space. There is a method to obtain the reflection coefficient of the surface using......, whereas Rindel proposed the angle dependent reflection coefficient which can be calculated from absorption coefficient under the several assumptions. In this research, the angle dependent reflection coefficients were adopted in the phased beam tracing method and the results are compared with measurement...
Harmony Coefficient and Regional Agricultural Systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YANG Shi-qi; GAO Wang-sheng
2006-01-01
The regional agricultural system (RAS) can be divided into three subsystems: ecological, economic, and social. This article examines the use of the harmony coefficient (HC), efficacy coefficient, rank of the harmony coefficient (RHC), and its appraising index system within the RAS. The harmony coefficient function was developed using a variance coefficient and then applied to Ziyang District, Yiyang City in Hunan Province (ZYH), China, as a test case. From 1995 to 2002, the HC of RAS increased from 0.2982 to 0.4826 and the RHC increased from 3 to 5, although the HC trend was an "n" type in general. This suggests that the HC was weakly maladjusted and the RAS was not harmonious. The HC of the ecological subsystem decreased from 0.3898 to 0.2850, and its RHC from 4 to 3, with the HC trend following the "n" type. For the economic subsystem, the HC value increased from 0.5767 to 0.7458 and the RHC from 6 to 8. However, the trend in HC for the economic subsystem was of the "U" type. The HC of the social subsystem increased slightly from 0.4948 to 0.4663,and the RHC did not change in value. From the HC trends, the HC curve of the economic subsystem is above the HC curve of ZYH and the HC curve of the ecological subsystem is below the HC curve of ZHY. Hence, the ZHY environment has been destroyed by economic development. Environment and social building should be regarded as important issues in the future and promoting RAS harmony development should be considered. The results of the theoretical analysis match fairly closely with reality, and suggest that the harmony theory is feasible in appraising RAS development phases.
Wheeler, David C.; Calder, Catherine A.
2007-06-01
The realization in the statistical and geographical sciences that a relationship between an explanatory variable and a response variable in a linear regression model is not always constant across a study area has led to the development of regression models that allow for spatially varying coefficients. Two competing models of this type are geographically weighted regression (GWR) and Bayesian regression models with spatially varying coefficient processes (SVCP). In the application of these spatially varying coefficient models, marginal inference on the regression coefficient spatial processes is typically of primary interest. In light of this fact, there is a need to assess the validity of such marginal inferences, since these inferences may be misleading in the presence of explanatory variable collinearity. In this paper, we present the results of a simulation study designed to evaluate the sensitivity of the spatially varying coefficients in the competing models to various levels of collinearity. The simulation study results show that the Bayesian regression model produces more accurate inferences on the regression coefficients than does GWR. In addition, the Bayesian regression model is overall fairly robust in terms of marginal coefficient inference to moderate levels of collinearity, and degrades less substantially than GWR with strong collinearity.
Guttmann, Anthony J.
2016-10-01
Given the first 20-100 coefficients of a typical generating function of the type that arises in many problems of statistical mechanics or enumerative combinatorics, we show that the method of differential approximants performs surprisingly well in predicting (approximately) subsequent coefficients. These can then be used by the ratio method to obtain improved estimates of critical parameters. In favourable cases, given only the first 20 coefficients, the next 100 coefficients are predicted with useful accuracy. More surprisingly, this is also the case when the method of differential approximants does not do a useful job in estimating the critical parameters, such as those cases in which one has stretched exponential asymptotic behaviour. Nevertheless, the coefficients are predicted with surprising accuracy. As one consequence, significant computer time can be saved in enumeration problems where several runs would normally be made, modulo different primes, and the coefficients constructed from their values modulo different primes. Another is in the checking of newly calculated coefficients. We believe that this concept of approximate series extension opens up a whole new chapter in the method of series analysis.
Transport Coefficients and nPI Methods
Carrington, M E
2011-01-01
Transport coefficients can be obtained from 2-point correlators using the Kubo formulae. It has been shown that the full leading order result for electrical conductivity and (QCD) shear viscosity is contained in the re-summed 2-point function that is obtained from the 3-loop 3PI effective action. The theory produces all leading order contributions without the necessity for power counting, and in this sense it provides a natural framework for the calculation and suggests that one can calculate the next-to-leading contribution to transport coefficients from the 4-loop 4PI effective action. The integral equations have been derived for shear viscosity for a scalar theory with cubic and quartic interactions, with a non-vanishing field expectation value. We review these results, and explain how the calculation could be done at higher orders.
Window shrink contourlet coefficients for image denoising
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JIN Wei; PAN Ying-jun; WEI Biao; FENG Peng
2005-01-01
An adaptive image denosing technique was proposed to achieve the tradeoff between details retain and noises removal. In order to achieve this objective, the contourlet transform was introduced and a new threshold method, namely CWinShrink, is presented. It shrinks the contourlet coefficients with adaptive shrinkage factors. The shrinkage factors were calculated with reference to the sum of squares of the contourlet coefficients within the neighborhood window. This approach achieves enhanced results for images those are corrupted with additive Gaussian noise. In numerical comparisons with various methods, for a set of noisy images ( the PSNR range from 10.86dB to 26.91dB) , the presented method outperforms VisuShrink and Wiener filter in terms of the PSNR. Experiments also show that this method not only keeps the details of image but also yields denoised images with better visual quality.
Is coefficient alpha robust to nonnormal data?
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yanyan eSheng
2012-02-01
Full Text Available Coefficient alpha has been a widely used measure by which internal consistency reliability is assessed. In addition to essential tau-equivalence and uncorrelated errors, normality has been noted as another important assumption for alpha. Earlier work on evaluating this assumption considered either exclusively nonnormal error score distributions, or limited conditions. In view of this and the availability of advanced methods for generating univariate nonnormal data, Monte Carlo simulations were conducted to show that nonnormal distributions for true or error scores do create problems for using alpha to estimate the internal consistency reliability. The sample coefficient alpha is affected by leptokurtic true score distributions, or skewed and/or kurtotic error score distributions. Increased sample sizes, not test lengths, help improve the accuracy, bias or precision of using it with nonnormal data.
Shear Viscosity Coefficient from Microscopic Models
Muronga, A
2004-01-01
The transport coefficient of shear viscosity is studied for a hadron matter through microscopic transport model, the Ultra--relativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics (UrQMD), using the Green--Kubo formulas. Molecular--dynamical simulations are performed for a system of light mesons in a box with periodic boundary conditions. Starting from an initial state composed of $\\pi, \\eta ,\\omega ,\\rho ,\\phi$ with a uniform phase--space distribution, the evolution takes place through elastic collisions, production and annihilation. The system approaches a stationary state of mesons and their resonances, which is characterized by common temperature. After equilibration, thermodynamic quantities such as the energy density, particle density, and pressure are calculated. From such an equilibrated state the shear viscosity coefficient is calculated from the fluctuations of stress tensor around equilibrium using Green--Kubo relations. We do our simulations here at zero net baryon density so that the equilibration times depend o...
Homomorphic Hashing for Sparse Coefficient Extraction
Kaski, Petteri; Nederlof, Jesper
2012-01-01
We study classes of Dynamic Programming (DP) algorithms which, due to their algebraic definitions, are closely related to coefficient extraction methods. DP algorithms can easily be modified to exploit sparseness in the DP table through memorization. Coefficient extraction techniques on the other hand are both space-efficient and parallelisable, but no tools have been available to exploit sparseness. We investigate the systematic use of homomorphic hash functions to combine the best of these methods and obtain improved space-efficient algorithms for problems including LINEAR SAT, SET PARTITION, and SUBSET SUM. Our algorithms run in time proportional to the number of nonzero entries of the last segment of the DP table, which presents a strict improvement over sparse DP. The last property also gives an improved algorithm for CNF SAT with sparse projections.
Meromorphic univalent function with negative coefficient
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. Dernek
1994-01-01
Full Text Available Let Mn be the classes of regular functions f(z=z−1+a0+a1z+… defined in the annulus 00, (n∈ℕ0, where I0f(z=f(z, If(z=(z−1−z(z−1−2∗f(z, Inf(z=I(In−1f(z, and ∗ is the Hadamard convolution. We denote by Γn=Mn⋃Γ, where Γ denotes the class of functions of the form f(z=z−1+∑k=1∞|ak|zk. We obtained that relates the modulus of the coefficients to starlikeness for the classes Mn and Γn, and coefficient inequalities for the classes Γn.
Hadronic Transport Coefficients from Effective Field Theories
Torres-Rincon, Juan M
2012-01-01
This dissertation focuses on the calculation of transport coefficients in the matter created in a relativistic heavy-ion collision after the chemical freeze-out. This matter can be well approximated by a pion gas out of equilibrium. We describe the theoretical framework to obtain the shear and bulk viscosities, the thermal and electrical conductivities and the flavor diffusion coefficients of a meson gas at low temperatures. To describe the interactions of the degrees of freedom, we use effective field theories with chiral and heavy quark symmetries. We introduce the unitarization methods in order to obtain a scattering amplitude that satisfies the unitarity condition exactly. We perform the calculation of the transport properties of the low temperature phase of quantum chromodynamics -the hadronic medium- that can be used in the hydrodynamic simulations of a relativistic heavy-ion collision and its subsequent evolution. We show that the shear viscosity over entropy density exhibits a minimum in a phase trans...
ON DAMPING COEFFICIENT DUE TO PHASE TRANSFORMATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Din-YuHSIEH
2003-01-01
The damping coefficient of capillary waves due to the evaporation-condensation process at the interface of the two phases of a fluid is evaluated. To highlight the mechanism of the effect of heat and mass transfer across the interface between regions of liquid and vapor, potential flow of incompressible fluids are assumed. Thus other mechanisms of damping are neglected. To fascilitate the analysis, the method of multiple-scale is employed in the analysis, even though the problem is linear.
Effective stress coefficient for uniaxial strain condition
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Alam, M.M.; Fabricius, I.L.
2012-01-01
The effective stress coefficient, introduced by Biot, is used for predicting effective stress or pore pressure in the subsurface. It is not a constant value. It is different for different types of sediment and it is stress dependent. We used a model, based on contact between the grains to describ...... determined under uniaxial strain condition will be more relevant in reservoir studies. Copyright 2012 ARMA, American Rock Mechanics Association....
Detailed Investigations of Load Coefficients on Grates
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Thomas Lykke; Rasmussen, Michael R.; Frigaard, Peter
In this report is presented the results of model tests carried out at Dept. of Civil Engineering, aalborg University (AAU) on behalf of DONG Energy A/S and Vattenfall A/S, Denmark. The objective of the tests was to investigate the load coefficient on different grates and a solid plate for designi...... offshore windmill access platforms against run-up generated forces with special attention to the influence of air entrainment and the angle of attack....
Negative Temperature Coefficient in Chemical Reactions
Leenson, I. A.; Sergeev, Gleb B.
1984-05-01
A systematic analysis of reactions whose rate decreases with increase of temperature is presented. The possibility of a negative temperature coefficient in the elementary reactions is examined from the standpoint of the transition state theory and of collision theory. The mechanisms of complex reactions in which the temperature dependence of the rate is anomalous are discussed, and possible reasons for the anomaly are examined. The bibliography contains 175 references.
Coefficient inequalities for starlikeness and convexity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ali Rosihan M.
2013-06-01
Full Text Available For an analytic function $f(z=z+\\sum_{n=2}^\\infty a_n z^n$ satisfying the inequality $\\sum_{n=2}^\\infty n(n-1|a_n|\\leq \\beta$, sharp bound on $\\beta$ is determined so that $f$ is either starlike or convex of order $\\alpha$. Several other coefficient inequalities related to certain subclasses are also investigated.
Basketball Surfaces and Coefficient of Restitution
Kristyn Peacock; Faith Pearson
2015-01-01
A basketball was released from varying drop heights to simulate the impact speeds of a typical soft, medium, and hard dribble. This was repeated across four different surfaces that students typically play on–exposed aggregate concrete, maple wood flooring, EPI Outdoor Sport flooring, and playground rubber mesh. From the measured drop and bounce heights, the coefficient of restitution(COR)was calculated. It was concluded that only playground rubber mesh had COR’s below the regula...
Coefficients of symmetric square L-functions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LAU; Yuk-Kam
2010-01-01
Let λsym2f(n) be the n-th coefficient in the Dirichlet series of the symmetric square L-function associated with a holomorphic primitive cusp form f.We prove Ω± results for λsym2f(n) and evaluate the number of positive(resp.,negative) λsym2f(n) in some intervals.
Control in the coefficients with variational crimes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Evgrafov, Anton; Marhadi, Kun Saptohartyadi
2012-01-01
to “volumetric” Lebesgue norm, changes of the coefficients is generally speaking not continuous. We utilize the lifting formulation of the discontinuous Galerkin method to deal with this issue.Our main result is that limit points of sequences of designs verifying discrete versions of stationarity can also...... be expected to satisfy stationarity for the limiting continuum mechanics problem. We illustrate the practical behaviour of our discretization strategy on some benchmark-type examples....
Heterodiffusion coefficients in alpha-iron
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Katsika-Tsigourakou, Vassiliki, E-mail: vkatsik@phys.uoa.g [Department of Solid State Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis Zografos, 15784 Athens (Greece); Skordas, Efthimios S. [Department of Solid State Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis Zografos, 15784 Athens (Greece)
2010-04-01
The diffusion of tungsten in alpha-iron is important for the application of ferritic-iron alloys to thermal power plants. These data, over a wide temperature range across the Curie temperature, have been recently reported. We show that these diffusion coefficients can be satisfactory reproduced in terms of the bulk elastic and expansivity data by means of a thermodynamical model that interconnects point defects parameters with bulk qualities.
Numerical Integral of Resistance Coefficients in Diffusion
Zhang, Q. S.
2017-01-01
The resistance coefficients in the screened Coulomb potential of stellar plasma are evaluated to high accuracy. I have analyzed the possible singularities in the integral of scattering angle. There are possible singularities in the case of an attractive potential. This may result in a problem for the numerical integral. In order to avoid the problem, I have used a proper scheme, e.g., splitting into many subintervals where the width of each subinterval is determined by the variation of the integrand, to calculate the scattering angle. The collision integrals are calculated by using Romberg’s method, therefore the accuracy is high (i.e., ∼10‑12). The results of collision integrals and their derivatives for ‑7 ≤ ψ ≤ 5 are listed. By using Hermite polynomial interpolation from those data, the collision integrals can be obtained with an accuracy of 10‑10. For very weakly coupled plasma (ψ ≥ 4.5), analytical fittings for collision integrals are available with an accuracy of 10‑11. I have compared the final results of resistance coefficients with other works and found that, for a repulsive potential, the results are basically the same as others’ for an attractive potential, the results in cases of intermediate and strong coupling show significant differences. The resulting resistance coefficients are tested in the solar model. Comparing with the widely used models of Cox et al. and Thoul et al., the resistance coefficients in the screened Coulomb potential lead to a slightly weaker effect in the solar model, which is contrary to the expectation of attempts to solve the solar abundance problem.
Study on resistance coefficient in compound channels
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Kejun Yang; Shuyou Cao; Xingnian Liu; Ron Marshall
2005-01-01
This paper presents a further study of the Manning and Darcy-Weisbach resistance coefficients, as they play a significant role in assessing the cross-sectional mean velocity, conveyance capacity and determining the lateral distribution of depth mean velocity and local boundary shear stress in compound channels. The relationships between the local, zonal and overall resistance coefficients, and a wide range of geometries and different roughness between the main channel and the flood plain are established by analyzing a vast amount of experimental data from a British Science and Engineering Research Council Flood Channel Facility (SERC-FCF). And the experimental results also show that the overall Darcy-Weisbach resistance coefficient for a compound channel is the function of Reynolds number, but the function relationship is different from that for a single channel. By comparing and analyzing the conventional methods with the experimental data to predict composite roughness in compound channels, it is found that these methods are not suitable for compound channels. Moreover, the reason why the conventional methods cannot assess correctly the conveyance capacity of com pound channels is also analyzed in this paper.
Michelson interferometer for the piezoelectric coefficient measurements
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Muensit, S.
2002-01-01
Full Text Available The present work has described the Michelson interferometer which is capable of measuring the vibrational amplitudes in a sub-angstrom range. In the system, a He-Ne laser is used as a monochromatic source of light and a photodiode as a detector to convert an optical signal into an electronic one. Lock-in detections of the electronic signals are applied to relate the vibrational amplitudes to the wavelength of the laser beam. A feedback circuit is introduced in order to stabilize the sensitivity of the interferometric system. With this setup, a mechanical displacement referred to a change in thickness of a vibrating sample can be measured and the corresponding piezoelectric coefficient, i.e. the ratio of the change in sample thickness to the applied voltage, evaluated. In order to check the performance of the system, measurements on lithium niobate (LiNbO3 have been made and its piezoelectric coefficient d33 was confirmed with 2% accuracy. The piezoelectric coefficient d33 for lead zirconate titanate (PZT ceramics was, therefore, determined by this interferometer and found to be 270 pm/V.
Sergievskii, V. V.; Rudakov, A. M.
2016-08-01
The model that considers the nonideality of aqueous solutions of electrolytes with allowance for independent contributions of hydration of ions of various types and electrostatic interactions was substantiated using the cluster ion model. The empirical parameters in the model equations were found to be the hydrophilic and hydrophobic hydration numbers of ions in the standard state and the dispersion of their distribution over the stoichiometric coefficients. A mathematically adequate description of the concentration dependences of the osmotic coefficients and average ion activity coefficients of electrolytes was given for several systems. The difference in the rate of the decrease in the hydrophilic and hydrophobic hydration numbers of ions leads to extremum concentration dependences of the osmotic coefficients, which were determined by other authors from isopiestic data for many electrolytes and did not find explanation.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Khayrullin, M.K.
1981-01-01
Formulas for calculating the influential coefficients according to pressure based on finite differences. Based on these formulas, it is shown that if the finite-difference approcimation coefficient of hydrodynamic conductibility sigmaeta satisfies the condition ..lambda..omicron..sqrt..sigmaeta-omicron..sqrt..sigmaeta= O, where ..lambda..omicron is the differential analog of the operato Laplas, then the influential coefficient is alpha st=lambdast..mu..st, where lambdast depends on the physical parameters of the layer and the liquid, and ..mu..st defines the geometry of the field and distribution of the wells. This hypothesis is also used as a method of finding a partial solution for calculating the hydrodynamic conductibility coefficient for area wells regarding finite-difference functions satisfying the condition..lambda..omicron..sqrt..sigmaeta = O.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hagelaar, G J M; Pitchford, L C [Centre de Physique des Plasmas et de leurs Applications de Toulouse, Universite Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France)
2005-11-15
Fluid models of gas discharges require the input of transport coefficients and rate coefficients that depend on the electron energy distribution function. Such coefficients are usually calculated from collision cross-section data by solving the electron Boltzmann equation (BE). In this paper we present a new user-friendly BE solver developed especially for this purpose, freely available under the name BOLSIG+, which is more general and easier to use than most other BE solvers available. The solver provides steady-state solutions of the BE for electrons in a uniform electric field, using the classical two-term expansion, and is able to account for different growth models, quasi-stationary and oscillating fields, electron-neutral collisions and electron-electron collisions. We show that for the approximations we use, the BE takes the form of a convection-diffusion continuity-equation with a non-local source term in energy space. To solve this equation we use an exponential scheme commonly used for convection-diffusion problems. The calculated electron transport coefficients and rate coefficients are defined so as to ensure maximum consistency with the fluid equations. We discuss how these coefficients are best used in fluid models and illustrate the influence of some essential parameters and approximations.
Hydrodynamic Coefficients of Ships with Forward Speed in Shallow Waters
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
M.HASANADIL; DUANWen-yang; WANGYu
2004-01-01
Effects of depth and forward speed on hydrodynamic coefficients of ships are presented in this paper. A modified simple Green function technique was used to calculate 2D coefficients while strip theory was used to calculate 3D coefficients. Numerical results are provided for hydrodynamic coefficients of parabolic hull ship. It is found out that both depth and forward speed have considerable effects on hydrodynamic coefficients of ship.
Onsager coefficients for systems with periodic potentials
Rosas, Alexandre; Van den Broeck, Christian; Lindenberg, Katja
2016-11-01
We carry out the thermodynamic analysis of a Markovian stochastic engine, driven by a spatially and temporally periodic modulation in a d -dimensional space. We derive the analytic expressions for the Onsager coefficients characterizing the linear response regime for the isothermal transfer of one type of work (a driver) to another (a load), mediated by a stochastic time-periodic machine. As an illustration, we obtain the explicit results for a Markovian kangaroo process coupling two orthogonal directions and find extremely good agreement with numerical simulations. In addition, we obtain and discuss expressions for the entropy production, power, and efficiency for the kangaroo process.
Random Matrices and Lyapunov Coefficients Regularity
Gallavotti, Giovanni
2017-02-01
Analyticity and other properties of the largest or smallest Lyapunov exponent of a product of real matrices with a "cone property" are studied as functions of the matrices entries, as long as they vary without destroying the cone property. The result is applied to stability directions, Lyapunov coefficients and Lyapunov exponents of a class of products of random matrices and to dynamical systems. The results are not new and the method is the main point of this work: it is is based on the classical theory of the Mayer series in Statistical Mechanics of rarefied gases.
Transmission eigenvalues for operators with constant coefficients
Hitrik, Michael; Ola, Petri; Päivärinta, Lassi
2010-01-01
In this paper we study the interior transmission problem and transmission eigenvalues for multiplicative perturbations of linear partial differential operator of order $\\ge 2$ with constant real coefficients. Under suitable growth conditions on the symbol of the operator and the perturbation, we show the discreteness of the set of transmission eigenvalues and derive sufficient conditions on the existence of transmission eigenvalues. We apply these techniques to the case of the biharmonic operator and the Dirac system. In the hypoelliptic case we present a connection to scattering theory.
Basketball Surfaces and Coefficient of Restitution
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kristyn Peacock
2015-01-01
Full Text Available A basketball was released from varying drop heights to simulate the impact speeds of a typical soft, medium, and hard dribble. This was repeated across four different surfaces that students typically play on–exposed aggregate concrete, maple wood flooring, EPI Outdoor Sport flooring, and playground rubber mesh. From the measured drop and bounce heights, the coefficient of restitution(CORwas calculated. It was concluded that only playground rubber mesh had COR’s below the regulation range, with the other three surfaces having COR’s within regulation.
Flash ADC data processing with correlation coefficients
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Blyth, D.; Gibson, M.; Mcfarland, D.; Comfort, J.R., E-mail: Joseph.Comfort@asu.edu
2014-02-21
The large growth of flash ADC techniques for processing signals, especially in applications of streaming data, raises issues such as data flow through an acquisition system, long-term storage, and greater complexity in data analysis. In addition, experiments that push the limits of sensitivity need to distinguish legitimate signals from noise. The use of correlation coefficients is examined to address these issues. They are found to be quite successful well into the noise region. The methods can also be extended to Field Programmable Gate Array modules for compressing the data flow and greatly enhancing the event rate capabilities.
Peltier coefficient measurement in a thermoelectric module
Garrido, Javier; Casanovas, Alejandro; María Chimeno, José
2013-09-01
A new method for measuring the Peltier coefficient in a thermocouple X/Y based on the energy balance at the junction has been proposed recently. This technique needs only the hot and cold temperatures of a thermoelectric module when an electric current flows through it as the operational variables. The temperature evolutions of the two module sides provide an evident and accurate idea of the Peltier effect. From these temperatures, the heat transfer between the module and the ambient is also evaluated. The thermoelectric phenomena are described in the framework of an observable theory. Based on this procedure, an experiment is presented for a university teaching laboratory at the undergraduate level.
Gauge Invariance of Thermal Transport Coefficients
Ercole, Loris; Marcolongo, Aris; Umari, Paolo; Baroni, Stefano
2016-10-01
Thermal transport coefficients are independent of the specific microscopic expression for the energy density and current from which they can be derived through the Green-Kubo formula. We discuss this independence in terms of a kind of gauge invariance resulting from energy conservation and extensivity, and demonstrate it numerically for a Lennard-Jones fluid, where different forms of the microscopic energy density lead to different time correlation functions for the heat flux, all of them, however, resulting in the same value for the thermal conductivity.
Tracking Time-Varying Coefficient-Functions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Henrik Aalborg; Nielsen, Torben Skov; Joensen, Alfred K.;
1999-01-01
of recursive least squares with exponential forgetting and local polynomial regression. However, it is argued, that it is appropriate to let the forgetting factor vary with the value of the external signal shich is argument of the coeffieient-functions.The properties of the modified method are sutdied......A conditional parametric ARX-model is an ARX-model in which the parameters re replaced by smooth functions of an, possibly multivariate, externalinput signal. These functions are called coefficient functions is suggested. Essentially, in its most simple form, this method is a combination...
Recursive construction of operator product expansion coefficients
Holland, J
2014-01-01
We derive a novel formula for the derivative of operator product expansion (OPE) coefficients with respect to a coupling constant. The formula only involves the OPE coefficients themselves, and no further input, and is in this sense self-consistent. Furthermore, unlike other formal identities of this general nature in quantum field theory (such as the formal expression for the Lagrangian perturbation of a correlation function), our formula is completely well-defined from the start, i.e. requires no further UV-renormalization. This feature is a result of a cancelation of UV-divergences between various terms in our identity. Our proof, and an analysis of the features, of our identity is given for the example of massive, Euclidean $\\varphi^4$ theory in 4 dimensional Euclidean space, and relies heavily on the framework of the renormalization group flow equations. It is valid to arbitrary, but finite orders in perturbation theory. The final formula, however, makes no explicit reference to the renormalization group...
Estimating biokinetic coefficients in the PACT™ system.
Shen, Zhiyao; Arbuckle, Wm Brian
2016-02-01
When powdered activated carbon (PAC) is continuously added to the aeration tank of an activated sludge reactor, the modification is called a PACT™ process (for powdered activated carbon treatment). The PAC provides many benefits, but complicates the determination of biological phenomena. Determination of bio-oxidation kinetics in a PACT system is a key to fully understanding enhanced biological mechanisms resulting from PAC addition. A model is developed to account for the main mechanisms involved in the PACT system -- adsorption, air stripping and bio-oxidation. The model enables the investigation of biokinetic information, including possible synergistic effects. Six parallel reactors were used to treat a synthetic waste; three activated sludge and three PACT. The PACT reactors provided significantly reduced effluent TOC (total organic carbon). Biokinetic coefficients were obtained from steady-state data using averaged reactor data and by using all data (22 points for each reactor). As expected, the PACT reactors resulted in a substantial reduction in the effluent concentration of non-biodegradable total organic carbon. The Monod equation's half-saturation coefficient (Ks) was reduced significantly in the PACT reactors, resulting in higher growth rates at lower concentrations. The maximum specific substrate utilization (qm) rate was also reduced about 25% using the averaged data and remained unchanged using all the data. The substrate utilization values are affected by errors in biomass determination and more research is needed to accurately determine biomass.
Coefficient adaptive triangulation for strongly anisotropic problems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
D`Azevedo, E.F.; Romine, C.H.; Donato, J.M.
1996-01-01
Second order elliptic partial differential equations arise in many important applications, including flow through porous media, heat conduction, the distribution of electrical or magnetic potential. The prototype is the Laplace problem, which in discrete form produces a coefficient matrix that is relatively easy to solve in a regular domain. However, the presence of anisotropy produces a matrix whose condition number is increased, making the resulting linear system more difficult to solve. In this work, we take the anisotropy into account in the discretization by mapping each anisotropic region into a ``stretched`` coordinate space in which the anisotropy is removed. The region is then uniformly triangulated, and the resulting triangulation mapped back to the original space. The effect is to generate long slender triangles that are oriented in the direction of ``preferred flow.`` Slender triangles are generally regarded as numerically undesirable since they tend to cause poor conditioning; however, our triangulation has the effect of producing effective isotropy, thus improving the condition number of the resulting coefficient matrix.
Irreducible polynomials with prescribed sums of coefficients
Tuxanidy, Aleksandr; Wang, Qiang
2016-01-01
Let $q$ be a power of a prime, let $\\mathbb{F}_q$ be the finite field with $q$ elements and let $n \\geq 2$. For a polynomial $h(x) \\in \\mathbb{F}_q[x]$ of degree $n \\in \\mathbb{N}$ and a subset $W \\subseteq [0,n] := \\{0, 1, \\ldots, n\\}$, we define the sum-of-digits function $$S_W(h) = \\sum_{w \\in W}[x^{w}] h(x)$$ to be the sum of all the coefficients of $x^w$ in $h(x)$ with $w \\in W$. In the case when $q = 2$, we prove, except for a few genuine exceptions, that for any $c \\in \\mathbb{F}_2$ an...
Friction Experiments for Dynamical Coefficient Measurement
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. J. Arnoux
2011-01-01
Full Text Available An experimental study, including three experimental devices, is presented in order to investigate dry friction phenomena in a wide range of sliding speeds for the steel on steel contact. A ballistic setup, with an air gun launch, allows to estimate the friction coefficient between 20 m/s and 80 m/s. Tests are completed by an adaptation of the sensor on a hydraulic tensile machine (0.01 m/s to 3 m/s and a pin-on-disk tribometer mounted on a CNC lathe (1 to 30 m/s. The interactions at the asperity scale are characterized by a white light interferometer surface analysis.
Condensation heat transfer coefficient versus wettability
Roudgar, M.; De Coninck, J.
2015-05-01
In this paper we show how condensation on substrates can induce wetting behavior that is quite different from that of deposited or impinging drops. We describe surfaces with the same wettability in ambient conditions presenting different wetting behavior and growth of droplets in condensation. The experimental results show a rapid spread of droplets and formation of the film on the copper surface, while droplets on SU-8 surface remains on the regular shape while they grow within the time, without coalescence, as observed for Cu. Although the heat conductivity of SU-8 is much lower, due to a difference in wetting behavior, the heat transfer coefficient (h) is higher for dropwise condensation on Cu with a thin layer of SU-8 than filmwise on the bare copper.
Fractai Estimation of Joint Roughness Coefficients
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
谢和平; Willian G.Pariseau
1994-01-01
Based on the triadic Koch curve,a generalized fractal model of joint profiles is establishedto simulate joint roughness.The fractal dimension of a joint profile can be directly obtained from the two pa-rameters,L~* and h~*, the average base length and average height of asperities of the joint,respectively,i,e D=log4/log[2(1+cos tan~1(2h’/L’))]This fractal dimension is strongly correlated with the value of the joint roughness coefficient (JRC). An empirical relationship is found in the form,JRC=85.2671·(D-1)~0.5679 Thus, the fractal analysis proposed provides a new method of estimating JRC values
Thermal Conductivity Coefficient from Microscopic Models
Nemakhavhani, T E
2016-01-01
Thermal conductivity of hadron matter is studied using a microscopic transport model, which will be used to simulate ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions at different energy densities, namely the Ultra-relativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics (UrQMD). The molecular dynamics simulation is performed for a system of light mesons species (pion, rho, kaon) in a box with periodic boundary conditions. The equilibrium state is investigated by studying chemical equilibrium and thermal equilibrium of the system. Particle multiplicity equilibrates with time, and the energy spectra of different light mesons species have the same slopes and common temperatures when thermal equilibrium is reached. Thermal conductivity transport coefficient is calculated from the heat current - current correlations using the Green-Kubo relations.
Effective Electrocardiogram Steganography Based on Coefficient Alignment.
Yang, Ching-Yu; Wang, Wen-Fong
2016-03-01
This study presents two types of data hiding methods based on coefficient alignment for electrocardiogram (ECG) signals, namely, lossy and reversible ECG steganographys. The lossy method is divided into high-quality and high-capacity ECG steganography, both of which are capable of hiding confidential patient data in ECG signals. The reversible data hiding method can not only hide secret messages but also completely restore the original ECG signal after bit extraction. Simulations confirmed that the perceived quality generated by the lossy ECG steganography methods was good, while hiding capacity was acceptable. In addition, these methods have a certain degree of robustness, which is rare in conventional ECG stegangraphy schemes. Moreover, the proposed reversible ECG steganography method can not only successfully extract hidden messages but also completely recover the original ECG data.
Molar extinction coefficients of some fatty acids
Sandhu, G. K.; Singh, Kulwant; Lark, B. S.; Gerward, L.
2002-10-01
The attenuation of gamma rays in some fatty acids, viz. formic acid (CH 2O 2), acetic acid (C 2H 4O 2), propionic acid (C 3H 6O 2), butyric acid (C 4H 8O 2), n-hexanoic acid (C 6H 12O 2), n-caprylic acid (C 8H 16O 2), lauric acid (C 12H 24O 2), myristic acid (C 14H 28O 2), palmitic acid (C 16H 32O 2), oleic acid (C 18H 34O 2) and stearic acid (C 18H 36O 2), has been measured at the photon energies 81, 356, 511, 662, 1173 and 1332 keV. Experimental values for the molar extinction coefficient, the effective atomic number and the electron density have been derived and compared with theoretical calculations. There is good agreement between experiment and theory.
ROUGHNESS COEFFICIENT FOR UNSUBMERGED AND SUBMERGED REED
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
The characteristics of the roughness coefficient are very important for practical application. Some experiments are conducted to study the variation of Manning's n with flow depth, mean velocity, and density of vegetation,. An assumed velocity distribution to describe the vegetative flow of submerged vegetation is confirmed by experimental results. The measured velocities in this study seem to have little effect on the curve of n ～ h, and a new linear relationship between Manning's n and flow depths is observed clearly. According to the arguments that the flow resistance of densely unsubmerged vegetation is dominated by the resistance exerted on vegetations, the influence of the density of vegetation on Manning's n is estimated. On the basis of the velocity distribution, the n ～ h curve under submerged condition is theoretically obtained from the n ～ h curve under unsubmerged condition. These results are also well confirmed by experimental results and very significant for practical applications.
Transport coefficients in superfluid neutron stars
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tolos, Laura [Instituto de Ciencias del Espacio (IEEC/CSIC) Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Facultat de Ciències, Torre C5, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain); Frankfurt Institute for Advances Studies. Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Ruth-Moufang-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Manuel, Cristina [Instituto de Ciencias del Espacio (IEEC/CSIC) Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Facultat de Ciències, Torre C5, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain); Sarkar, Sreemoyee [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhaba Road, Mumbai-400005 (India); Tarrus, Jaume [Physik Department, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany)
2016-01-22
We study the shear and bulk viscosity coefficients as well as the thermal conductivity as arising from the collisions among phonons in superfluid neutron stars. We use effective field theory techniques to extract the allowed phonon collisional processes, written as a function of the equation of state and the gap of the system. The shear viscosity due to phonon scattering is compared to calculations of that coming from electron collisions. We also comment on the possible consequences for r-mode damping in superfluid neutron stars. Moreover, we find that phonon collisions give the leading contribution to the bulk viscosities in the core of the neutron stars. We finally obtain a temperature-independent thermal conductivity from phonon collisions and compare it with the electron-muon thermal conductivity in superfluid neutron stars.
Comment on "Generalized exclusion processes: Transport coefficients"
Becker, T.; Nelissen, K.; Cleuren, B.; Partoens, B.; Van den Broeck, C.
2016-04-01
In a recent paper, Arita et al. [Phys. Rev. E 90, 052108 (2014), 10.1103/PhysRevE.90.052108] consider the transport properties of a class of generalized exclusion processes. Analytical expressions for the transport-diffusion coefficient are derived by ignoring correlations. It is claimed that these expressions become exact in the hydrodynamic limit. In this Comment, we point out that (i) the influence of correlations upon the diffusion does not vanish in the hydrodynamic limit, and (ii) the expressions for the self- and transport diffusion derived by Arita et al. are special cases of results derived in Becker et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 110601 (2013), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.110601].
Clustering stocks using partial correlation coefficients
Jung, Sean S.; Chang, Woojin
2016-11-01
A partial correlation analysis is performed on the Korean stock market (KOSPI). The difference between Pearson correlation and the partial correlation is analyzed and it is found that when conditioned on the market return, Pearson correlation coefficients are generally greater than those of the partial correlation, which implies that the market return tends to drive up the correlation between stock returns. A clustering analysis is then performed to study the market structure given by the partial correlation analysis and the members of the clusters are compared with the Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS). The initial hypothesis is that the firms in the same GICS sector are clustered together since they are in a similar business and environment. However, the result is inconsistent with the hypothesis and most clusters are a mix of multiple sectors suggesting that the traditional approach of using sectors to determine the proximity between stocks may not be sufficient enough to diversify a portfolio.
Transport coefficients in superfluid neutron stars
Tolos, Laura; Sarkar, Sreemoyee; Tarrus, Jaume
2014-01-01
We study the shear and bulk viscosity coefficients as well as the thermal conductivity as arising from the collisions among phonons in superfluid neutron stars. We use effective field theory techniques to extract the allowed phonon collisional processes, written as a function of the equation of state and the gap of the system. The shear viscosity due to phonon scattering is compared to calculations of that coming from electron collisions. We also comment on the possible consequences for r-mode damping in superfluid neutron stars. Moreover, we find that phonon collisions give the leading contribution to the bulk viscosities in the core of the neutron stars. We finally obtain a temperature-independent thermal conductivity from phonon collisions and compare it with the electron-muon thermal conductivity in superfluid neutron stars.
Experimental measurement of dispersion coefficients for gases
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
De Delgado, E. [National University at Comahue (Brazil); Da Franca Correa, A.C. [State Univ. of Campinas (Brazil)
2001-06-01
A series of experiments were conducted on dispersion, a phenomenon by which molecules of two miscible fluids diffuse into one another when they come into contact with each other. Both longitudinal and transverse diffusion is a result of forced flow. Longitudinal dispersion occurs in the direction of flow, while transverse dispersion occurs perpendicular to the direction of flow. This study focused on measuring longitudinal dispersion coefficients on natural gas displaced by an inert gas (nitrogen) at very low pressure. The experiments were carried out at two different pressure ranges on unconsolidated porous media at a Gas Plant Laboratory near Neuquen, Argentina. Two different types of porous media were used, a plastic hose and a metallic slim tube. They were each filled twice with both natural and synthetic sand grains. The study provided a better understanding of how gases behave at low pressures. 4 refs., 4 tabs., 5 figs.
Secondary Ionization Coefficient of Dielectric Electrode
Kashiwagi, Yasuhide; Suzuki, Susumu; Itoh, Haruo
Experiments for observations and stabilization of discharge paths in several electrode systems are carried out aiming at precise measurement of the secondary ionization coefficient γ of MgO film electrode. The discharge chamber is filled with Ar gas. The waveforms of the applied voltage between the electrodes and the discharge current are measured with visual observation of the discharge light. Two MgO coated electrodes are placed so that they are facing each other. For these MgO electrodes, the discharge paths take a detour, not the shortest distance. Smaller prebreakdown current pulses are observed before the breakdown. After breakdown, discontinuous discharge current is observed. Therefore, it is prepared a glass tube surrounding the discharge area. As the result, the discharge paths take a straight perpendicular for the electrode surface, and the discharge is stabilized.
Apparent diffusion coefficient of normal adrenal glands
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sara Reis Teixeira
Full Text Available Abstract Objective: To assess the feasibility and reliability of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC measurements of normal adrenal glands. Materials and methods: This was a retrospective study involving 32 healthy subjects, divided into two groups: prepubertal (PreP, n = 12, aged from 2 months to 12.5 years (4 males; 8 females; and postpubertal (PostP, n = 20, aged from 11.9 to 61 years (5 males; 15 females. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI sequences were acquired at a 1.5 T scanner using b values of 0, 20, 500, and 1000 s/mm2. Two radiologists evaluated the images. ADC values were measured pixel-by-pixel on DW-MRI scans, and automatic co-registration with the ADC map was obtained. Results: Mean ADC values for the right adrenal glands were 1.44 × 10-3 mm2/s for the PreP group and 1.23 × 10-3 mm2/s for the PostP group, whereas they were 1.58 × 10-3 mm2/s and 1.32 × 10-3 mm2/s, respectively, for the left glands. ADC values were higher in the PreP group than in the PostP group (p < 0.05. Agreement between readers was almost perfect (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.84-0.94; p < 0.05. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate the feasibility and reliability of performing DW-MRI measurements of normal adrenal glands. They could also support the feasibility of ADC measurements of small structures.
Apparent diffusion coefficient of normal adrenal glands*
Teixeira, Sara Reis; Elias, Paula Condé Lamparelli; Leite, Andrea Farias de Melo; de Oliveira, Tatiane Mendes Gonçalves; Muglia, Valdair Francisco; Elias Junior, Jorge
2016-01-01
Objective To assess the feasibility and reliability of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements of normal adrenal glands. Materials and methods This was a retrospective study involving 32 healthy subjects, divided into two groups: prepubertal (PreP, n = 12), aged from 2 months to 12.5 years (4 males; 8 females); and postpubertal (PostP, n = 20), aged from 11.9 to 61 years (5 males; 15 females). Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) sequences were acquired at a 1.5 T scanner using b values of 0, 20, 500, and 1000 s/mm2. Two radiologists evaluated the images. ADC values were measured pixel-by-pixel on DW-MRI scans, and automatic co-registration with the ADC map was obtained. Results Mean ADC values for the right adrenal glands were 1.44 × 10-3 mm2/s for the PreP group and 1.23 × 10-3 mm2/s for the PostP group, whereas they were 1.58 × 10-3 mm2/s and 1.32 × 10-3 mm2/s, respectively, for the left glands. ADC values were higher in the PreP group than in the PostP group (p < 0.05). Agreement between readers was almost perfect (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.84-0.94; p < 0.05). Conclusion Our results demonstrate the feasibility and reliability of performing DW-MRI measurements of normal adrenal glands. They could also support the feasibility of ADC measurements of small structures. PMID:28057963
Adler, Jeremy; Parmryd, Ingela
2010-08-01
The Pearson correlation coefficient (PCC) and the Mander's overlap coefficient (MOC) are used to quantify the degree of colocalization between fluorophores. The MOC was introduced to overcome perceived problems with the PCC. The two coefficients are mathematically similar, differing in the use of either the absolute intensities (MOC) or of the deviation from the mean (PCC). A range of correlated datasets, which extend to the limits of the PCC, only evoked a limited response from the MOC. The PCC is unaffected by changes to the offset while the MOC increases when the offset is positive. Both coefficients are independent of gain. The MOC is a confusing hybrid measurement, that combines correlation with a heavily weighted form of co-occurrence, favors high intensity combinations, downplays combinations in which either or both intensities are low and ignores blank pixels. The PCC only measures correlation. A surprising finding was that the addition of a second uncorrelated population can substantially increase the measured correlation, demonstrating the importance of excluding background pixels. Overall, since the MOC is unresponsive to substantial changes in the data and is hard to interpret, it is neither an alternative to nor a useful substitute for the PCC. The MOC is not suitable for making measurements of colocalization either by correlation or co-occurrence.
EXTENDED CLUSTERING COEFFICIENTS:GENERALIZATION OF CLUSTERING COEFFICIENTS IN SMALL-WORLD NETWORKS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
The clustering coefficient C of a network, which is a measure of direct connectivity between neighbors of the various nodes, ranges from 0 (for no connectivity) to 1 (for full connectivity). We define extended clustering coefficients C(h) of a small-world network based on nodes that are at distance h from a source node, thus generalizing distance-1 neighborhoods employed in computing the ordinary clustering coefficient C = C(1). Based on known results about the distance distribution Pδ(h) in a network, that is, the probability that a randomly chosen pair of vertices have distance h, we derive and experimentally validate the law Pδ(h)C(h) ≤ c log N / N, where c is a small constant that seldom exceeds 1. This result is significant because it shows that the product Pδ(h)C(h) is upper-bounded by a value that is considerably smaller than the product of maximum values for Pδ(h) and C(h). Extended clustering coefficients and laws that govern them offer new insights into the structure of small-world networks and open up avenues for further exploration of their properties.
Inverse Coefficient Problems for Nonlinear Parabolic Differential Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yun Hua OU; Alemdar HASANOV; Zhen Hai LIU
2008-01-01
This paper is devoted to a class of inverse problems for a nonlinear parabolic differential equation.The unknown coefficient of the equation depends on the gradient of the solution and belongs to a set of admissible coefficients.It is proved that the convergence of solutions for the corresponding direct problems continuously depends on the coefficient convergence.Based on this result the existence of a quasisolution of the inverse problem is obtained in the appropriate class of admissible coefficients.
Describing spatiotemporal couplings in ultrashort pulses using coupling coefficients
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zeng Shu-Guang; Dan You-Quan; Zhang Bin; Sun Nian-Chun; Sui Zhan
2011-01-01
Three coupling coefficients are defined to describe spatiotemporal coupling in ultrashort pulses.With these coupling coefficients,the first-order spatiotemporal couplings of Gaussian pulse and beam are described analytically.Also,the first-order and the second-order spatiotemporal couplings caused by angular dispersion elements are studied using these coupling coefficients.It can be shown that these coupling coefficients are dimensionless and normalized,and readily indicate the severity of spatiotemporal coupling.
Inverse Coefficient Problems for Nonlinear Elliptic Variational Inequalities
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Run-sheng Yang; Yun-hua Ou
2011-01-01
This paper is devoted to a class of inverse coefficient problems for nonlinear elliptic variational inequalities. The unknown coefficient of elliptic variational inequalities depends on the gradient of the solution and belongs to a set of admissible coefficients. It is shown that the nonlinear elliptic variational inequalities is unique solvable for the given class of coefficients. The existence of quasisolutions of the inverse problems is obtained.
EXACT SAMPLING DISTRIBUTION OF SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION
Dr.G.S.David Sam Jayakumar; A.Sulthan
2015-01-01
This paper proposes the sampling distribution of sample coefficient of variation from the normal population. We have derived the relationship between the sample coefficient of variation, standard normal and chi-square variate. We have derived density function of the sample coefficient of variation in terms of the confluent hyper-geometric distribution. Moreover, the first two moments of the distribution are derived and we have proved that the sample coefficient of variation (cv...
On Estimation and Hypothesis Testing Problems for Correlation Coefficients
Kraemer, Helena Chmura
1975-01-01
A selection of statistical problems commonly encountered in psychological or psychiatric research concerning correlation coefficients are re-evaluated in the light of recently developed simplifications in the forms of the distribution theory of the intraclass correlation coefficient, of the product-moment correlation coefficient, and the Spearman…
The Discharge Coefficient of a Centre-Pivot Roof Window
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Iqbal, Ahsan; Afshari, Alireza; Nielsen, Peter V.
2012-01-01
value of discharge coefficient is used. The constant value of discharge coefficient leads to deceptive airflow estimation in the cases of centre-pivot roof windows. The object of this paper is to study and evaluate the discharge coefficient of the centre pivot roof window. Focus is given...
Review of analysis methods for rotating systems with periodic coefficients
Dugundji, J.; Wendell, J. H.
1981-01-01
Two of the more common procedures for analyzing the stability and forced response of equations with periodic coefficients are reviewed: the use of Floquet methods, and the use of multiblade coordinate and harmonic balance methods. The analysis procedures of these periodic coefficient systems are compared with those of the more familiar constant coefficient systems.
Some analysis methods for rotating systems with periodic coefficients
Dugundji, J.; Wendell, J. H.
1983-01-01
Two of the more common procedures for analyzing the stability and forced response of equations with periodic coefficients are reviewed: the use of Floquet methods, and the use of multiblade coordinate and harmonic balance methods. The analysis procedures of these periodic coefficient systems are compared with those of the more familiar constant coefficient systems. Previously announced in STAR as N82-23702
On some properties of SU(3) Fusion Coefficients
Coquereaux, Robert
2016-01-01
Three aspects of the SU(3) fusion coefficients are revisited: the generating polynomials of fusion coefficients are written explicitly; some curious identities generalizing the classical Freudenthal-de Vries formula are derived; and the properties of the fusion coefficients under conjugation of one of the factors, previously analysed in the classical case, are extended to the affine algebra of su(3) at finite level.
On the Occurrence of Standardized Regression Coefficients Greater than One.
Deegan, John, Jr.
1978-01-01
It is demonstrated here that standardized regression coefficients greater than one can legitimately occur. Furthermore, the relationship between the occurrence of such coefficients and the extent of multicollinearity present among the set of predictor variables in an equation is examined. Comments on the interpretation of these coefficients are…
Detection Performance of the Circular Correlation Coefficient Receiver,
of the squared modulus of the circular serial correlation coefficient is found when no signal is present, allowing computation of the detection...threshold. For small data records, as is typical in radar applications, the performance of the correlation coefficient detector is compared to a standard... Correlation Coefficient , Autoregressive, CFAR, Autocorrelation Estimation, Radar Receiver, and Digital Signal Processing.
General Symmetry Approach to Solve Variable-Coefficient Nonlinear Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
RUAN HangYu; CHEN YiXin; LOU SenYue
2001-01-01
After considering the variable coefficient of a nonlinear equation as a new dependent variable, some special types of variable-coefficient equation can be solved from the corresponding constant-coefficient equations by using the general classical Lie approach. Taking the nonlinear Schrodinger equation as a concrete example, the method is recommended in detail.``
Sample controllability of impulsive differential systems with random coefficients
Zhang, Shuorui; Sun, Jitao
2016-07-01
In this paper, we investigate the controllability of impulsive differential systems with random coefficients. Impulsive differential systems with random coefficients are a different stochastic model from stochastic differential equations. Sufficient conditions of sample controllability for impulsive differential systems with random coefficients are obtained by using random Sadovskii's fixed-point theorem. Finally, an example is given to illustrate our results.
Transport coefficients of He+ ions in helium
Johnsen, Rainer; Viehland, Larry; Gray, Benjamin; Wright, Timothy
2016-09-01
New experimental mobilities of 4He+ in 4He at 298.7 K, as a function of E/N, have been determined. Uncertainties in the mobilities were reduced to about 1% by using a shuttered drift tube. Comparison with previously measured values show that only one set of previous data is reliable. We demonstrate that the mobilities and diffusion coeffcients of 4He+ in 4He can be calculated over wide ranges of E/N with high precision if accurate potential energy curves are available for the X2Σu+ and A2Σg+ states, and if one takes into account resonant charge transfer and corrects for quantum-mechanical effects. Potentials, obtained by extrapolation of results from d-aug-cc-pVXZ (X =6,7) basis sets using the CASSCF +MRCISD approach were found to be in exceptionally close agreement with the best potentials available (separately) and with experiment, and those were subsequently used in a new computer program to determine semi-classical phase shifts and transport cross sections, from which the gaseous ion transport coefficients are determined. A new set of data for the mobilities of alpha particles (He2+) ions was obtained as a byproduct of the experiment, but the transport theory has not yet been completed.
Numerical integral of resistance coefficients in diffusion
Zhang, Q S
2016-01-01
The resistance coefficients in screen Coulomb potential of stellar plasma are evaluated in high accuracy. I have analyzed the possible singularities in the integral of scattering angle. There are possible singularities in the case of attractive potential. This may result in problem for numerical integral. In order to avoid the problem, I have used a proper scheme, e.g., splitting into many subintervals and the width of each subinterval is determined by the variation of the integrand, to calculate the scattering angle. The collision integrals are calculated by using Romberg's method therefore the accuracy is high (i.e., $ \\sim 10^{-12}$). The results of collision integrals and their derivatives in $-12 \\leq \\psi \\leq 5$ are listed. By using Hermite polynomial interpolation from those data, the collision integrals can be obtained with an accuracy of $10^{-10}$. For very weak coupled plasma ($\\psi \\geq 4.5$), analytical fittings for collision integrals are available with an accuracy of $10^{-11}$. I have compare...
Pulmonary interstitial compliance and microvascular filtration coefficient.
Goldberg, H S
1980-08-01
Static and dynamic properties governing the fluid movement into the pulmonary interstitium were examined in isolated canine lobes. The system was driven by altering intravascular presure (Piv) when the lobe was isogravimetric (change in weight (W) = 0) and allowing the lobe to become isogravimetric again. By making use of an analogy to charging a capacitor across a resistor, calculation of the filtration coefficient for transvascular fluid movement (KF) and determination of the pressure-volume relationship of the pulmonary interstitial space (Pis-Vis), with a minimum of untested assumptions, was possible. KF was found to be the same for fluid moving out of or into the intravascular space, and when the relationship between Piv and alveolar pressure (PAlv) was constant, KF was independent of transpulmonary pressure (PL). When PAlv exceeded Piv, changes in Piv did not influence KF, suggesting no significant change in either surface area available for fluid transudation or vascular permeability. The Pis-Vis curve for increasing values of Vis and Pis is best described by an exponential relationhip and is independent of PL. However, the Pis-Vis curve with decreasing values of Vis and Pis is dependent on PL.
Transport coefficients of a relativistic plasma
Pike, O. J.; Rose, S. J.
2016-05-01
In this work, a self-consistent transport theory for a relativistic plasma is developed. Using the notation of Braginskii [S. I. Braginskii, in Reviews of Plasma Physics, edited by M. A. Leontovich (Consultants Bureau, New York, 1965), Vol. 1, p. 174], we provide semianalytical forms of the electrical resistivity, thermoelectric, and thermal conductivity tensors for a Lorentzian plasma in a magnetic field. This treatment is then generalized to plasmas with arbitrary atomic number by numerically solving the linearized Boltzmann equation. The corresponding transport coefficients are fitted by rational functions in order to make them suitable for use in radiation-hydrodynamic simulations and transport calculations. Within the confines of linear transport theory and on the assumption that the plasma is optically thin, our results are valid for temperatures up to a few MeV. By contrast, classical transport theory begins to incur significant errors above kBT ˜10 keV, e.g., the parallel thermal conductivity is suppressed by 15% at kBT =20 keV due to relativistic effects.
Coefficient of Performance Enhancement of Refrigeration Cycles
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Eng. Naser R. M. AL-Ajmi
2015-03-01
Full Text Available Refrigerator is one of the home appliance utilizing mechanical vapor compression cycle in its process. Performance of the systems become the main issue and many researches are still ongoing to evaluate and improve the efficiency of any used system. Therefore, this paper presents an experimental investigation of the performance of the refrigeration cycles. A small rrefrigerator is used as the test rig. The Coefficient of Performance (COP is studied by using different condenser designs and under varying evaporator loads. Three condenser designs are used in present work. These condensers are regular condenser of domestic refrigerator, condenser with copper plain tubes (Cond.1 and condenser with copper tubes welded with stainless steel flat plate (Cond.2. pressures and temperatures measurements of each point in the refrigeration cycle are collected in order to evaluate the refrigerator performance. The results showed that the average COP of Cond.1 and Cond.2 are increased up to 20 % and 14% respectively more than regular condenser design under no load. The evaporator load effects on the machine performance, where the COP of the machine increases with the increase of the evaporator load.
Sedimentation coefficient distributions of large particles.
Schuck, Peter
2016-07-21
The spatial and temporal evolution of concentration boundaries in sedimentation velocity analytical ultracentrifugation reports on the size distribution of particles with high hydrodynamic resolution. For large particles such as large protein complexes, fibrils, viral particles, or nanoparticles, sedimentation conditions usually allow migration from diffusion to be neglected relative to sedimentation. In this case, the shape of the sedimentation boundaries of polydisperse mixtures relates directly to the underlying size-distributions. Integral and derivative methods for calculating sedimentation coefficient distributions g*(s) of large particles from experimental boundary profiles have been developed previously, and are recapitulated here in a common theoretical framework. This leads to a previously unrecognized relationship between g*(s) and the time-derivative of concentration profiles. Of closed analytical form, it is analogous to the well-known Bridgman relationship for the radial derivative. It provides a quantitative description of the effect of substituting the time-derivative by scan differences with finite time intervals, which appears as a skewed box average of the true distribution. This helps to theoretically clarify the differences between results from time-derivative method and the approach of directly fitting the integral definition of g*(s) to the entirety of experimental boundary data.
Attenuation coefficients for water quality trading.
Keller, Arturo A; Chen, Xiaoli; Fox, Jessica; Fulda, Matt; Dorsey, Rebecca; Seapy, Briana; Glenday, Julia; Bray, Erin
2014-06-17
Water quality trading has been proposed as a cost-effective approach for reducing nutrient loads through credit generation from agricultural or point source reductions sold to buyers facing costly options. We present a systematic approach to determine attenuation coefficients and their uncertainty. Using a process-based model, we determine attenuation with safety margins at many watersheds for total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) loads as they transport from point of load reduction to the credit buyer. TN and TP in-stream attenuation generally increases with decreasing mean river flow; smaller rivers in the modeled region of the Ohio River Basin had TN attenuation factors per km, including safety margins, of 0.19-1.6%, medium rivers of 0.14-1.2%, large rivers of 0.13-1.1%, and very large rivers of 0.04-0.42%. Attenuation in ditches transporting nutrients from farms to receiving rivers is 0.4%/km for TN, while for TP attenuation in ditches can be up to 2%/km. A 95 percentile safety margin of 30-40% for TN and 6-10% for TP, applied to the attenuation per km factors, was determined from the in-stream sensitivity of load reductions to watershed model parameters. For perspective, over 50 km a 1% per km factor would result in 50% attenuation = 2:1 trading ratio.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gülfen TUNA
2013-03-01
Full Text Available The aim of this study is to test the validity of Downside Capital Asset Pricing Model (D-CAPM on the ISE. At the same time, the explanatory power of CAPM's traditional beta and D-CAPM's downside beta on the changes in the average return values are examined comparatively. In this context, the monthly data for seventy three stocks that are continuously traded on the ISE for the period 1991-2009 is used. Regression analysis is applied in this study. The research results have shown that D-CAPM is valid on the ISE. In addition, it is obtained that the power of downside beta coefficient is higher than traditional beta coefficient on explaining the return changes. Therefore, it can be said that the downside beta is superior to traditional beta in the ISE for chosen period.
Methods for Accurate Free Flight Measurement of Drag Coefficients
Courtney, Elya; Courtney, Michael
2015-01-01
This paper describes experimental methods for free flight measurement of drag coefficients to an accuracy of approximately 1%. There are two main methods of determining free flight drag coefficients, or equivalent ballistic coefficients: 1) measuring near and far velocities over a known distance and 2) measuring a near velocity and time of flight over a known distance. Atmospheric conditions must also be known and nearly constant over the flight path. A number of tradeoffs are important when designing experiments to accurately determine drag coefficients. The flight distance must be large enough so that the projectile's loss of velocity is significant compared with its initial velocity and much larger than the uncertainty in the near and/or far velocity measurements. On the other hand, since drag coefficients and ballistic coefficients both depend on velocity, the change in velocity over the flight path should be small enough that the average drag coefficient over the path (which is what is really determined)...
A generalized concordance correlation coefficient for continuous and categorical data.
King, T S; Chinchilli, V M
2001-07-30
This paper discusses a generalized version of the concordance correlation coefficient for agreement data. The concordance correlation coefficient evaluates the accuracy and precision between two measures, and is based on the expected value of the squared function of distance. We have generalized this coefficient by applying alternative functions of distance to produce more robust versions of the concordance correlation coefficient. In this paper we extend the application of this class of estimators to categorical data as well, and demonstrate similarities to the kappa and weighted kappa statistics. We also introduce a stratified concordance correlation coefficient which adjusts for explanatory factors, and an extended concordance correlation coefficient which measures agreement among more than two responses. With these extensions, the generalized concordance correlation coefficient provides a unifying approach to assessing agreement among two or more measures that are either continuous or categorical in scale.
Continuous and robust clustering coefficients for weighted and directed networks
Miyajima, Kent
2014-01-01
We introduce new clustering coefficients for weighted networks. They are continuous and robust against edge weight changes. Recently, generalized clustering coefficients for weighted and directed networks have been proposed. These generalizations have a common property, that their values are not continuous. They are sensitive with edge weight changes, especially at zero weight. With these generalizations, if vanishingly low weights of edges are truncated to weight zero for some reason, the coefficient value may change significantly from the original value. It is preferable that small changes of edge weights cause small changes of coefficient value. We call this property the continuity of generalized clustering coefficients. Our new coefficients admit this property. In the past, few studies have focused on the continuity of generalized clustering coefficients. In experiments, we performed comparative assessments of existing and our generalizations. In the case of a real world network dataset (C. Elegans Neural...
Changes in Electrokinetic Coupling Coefficients of Granite under Triaxial Deformation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Osamu Kuwano
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Electrokinetic phenomena are believed to be the most likely origin of electromagnetic signals preceding or accompanying earthquakes. The intensity of the source current due to the electrokinetic phenomena is determined by the fluid flux and the electrokinetic coupling coefficient called streaming current coefficient; therefore, how the coefficient changes before rupture is essential. Here, we show how the electrokinetic coefficients change during the rock deformation experiment up to failure. The streaming current coefficient did not increase before failure, but continued to decrease up to failure, which is explained in terms of the elastic closure of capillary. On the other hand, the streaming potential coefficient, which is the product of the streaming current coefficient and bulk resistivity of the rock, increased at the onset of dilatancy. It may be due to change in bulk resistivity. Our result indicates that the zeta potential of the newly created surface does not change so much from that of the preexisting fluid rock interface.
Roughness coefficient and its uncertainty in gravel-bed river
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ji-Sung KIM; Chan-Joo LEE; Won KIM; Yong-Jeon KIM
2010-01-01
Manning's roughness coefficient was estimated for a gravel-bed river reach using field measurements of water level and discharge,and the applicability of various methods used for estimation of the roughness coefficient was evaluated.Results show that the roughness coefficient tends to decrease with increasing discharge and water depth,and over a certain range it appears to remain constant.Comparison of roughness coefficients calculated by field measurement data with those estimated by other methods shows that,although the field-measured values provide approximate roughness coefficients for relatively large discharge,there seems to be rather high uncertainty due to the difference in resultant values.For this reason,uncertainty related to the roughness coefficient was analyzed in terms of change in computed variables.On average,a 20%increase of the roughness coefficient causes a 7% increase in the water depth and an 8% decrease in velocity,but there may be about a 15% increase in the water depth and an equivalent decrease in velocity for certain cross-sections in the study reach.Finally,the validity of estimated roughness coefficient based on field measurements was examined.A 10% error in discharge measurement may lead to more than 10% uncertainty in roughness coefficient estimation,but corresponding uncertainty in computed water depth and velocity is reduced to approximately 5%.Conversely,the necessity for roughness coefficient estimation by field measurement is confirmed.
Piezo-optic coefficients of CaWO4 crystals
Mytsyk, B. G.; Kost', Ya. P.; Demyanyshyn, N. M.; Andrushchak, A. S.; Solskii, I. M.
2015-01-01
All components of the piezo-optic coefficient matrix of calcium tungstate crystals, belonging to the 4/ m symmetry class, are determined. The reliability of the piezo-optic effect measurements in CaWO4 crystals is achieved by determining each piezo-optic coefficient from several experimental geometries and is also based on the correlation of the absolute piezo-electric coefficients and the path-difference coefficients. The rotation-shear diagonal coefficients π44 and π66 and three principal piezo-optic coefficients π11, π13, and π31 are refined by the polarization-optical method. It is confirmed that both the interferometric and polarization-optical methods should be used to study the piezo-optic effect with high accuracy. The results show that calcium tungstate is a promising material for acousto-optical and photoelastic modulation.
Personal dose-equivalent conversion coefficients for 1252 radionuclides.
Otto, Thomas
2016-01-01
Dose conversion coefficients for radionuclides are useful for routine calculations in radiation protection in industry, medicine and research. They give a simple and often sufficient estimate of dose rates during production, handling and storage of radionuclide sources, based solely on the source's activity. The latest compilation of such conversion coefficients dates from 20 y ago, based on nuclear decay data published 30 y ago. The present publication provides radionuclide-specific conversion coefficients to personal dose based on the most recent evaluations of nuclear decay data for 1252 radionuclides and fluence-to-dose-equivalent conversion coefficients for monoenergetic radiations. It contains previously unknown conversion coefficients for >400 nuclides and corrects those conversion coefficients that were based on erroneous decay schemes. For the first time, estimates for the protection quantity Hp(3) are included.
Fusion of Daubechies Wavelet Coefficients for Human Face Recognition
Bhowmik, Mrinal Kanti; Nasipuri, Mita; Basu, Dipak Kumar; Kundu, Mahantapas
2010-01-01
In this paper fusion of visual and thermal images in wavelet transformed domain has been presented. Here, Daubechies wavelet transform, called as D2, coefficients from visual and corresponding coefficients computed in the same manner from thermal images are combined to get fused coefficients. After decomposition up to fifth level (Level 5) fusion of coefficients is done. Inverse Daubechies wavelet transform of those coefficients gives us fused face images. The main advantage of using wavelet transform is that it is well-suited to manage different image resolution and allows the image decomposition in different kinds of coefficients, while preserving the image information. Fused images thus found are passed through Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for reduction of dimensions and then those reduced fused images are classified using a multi-layer perceptron. For experiments IRIS Thermal/Visual Face Database was used. Experimental results show that the performance of the approach presented here achieves maximum...
A dynamic coefficient polynomial predistorter based on direct learning architecture
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li Bo; Ge Jianhua; Ai Bo
2008-01-01
A dynamic coefficient polynomial predistorter based on direct learning architecture is proposed. Compared to the existing polynomial predistorter, on the one hand, the proposed predistorter based on the direct learning architecture is more robust to initial conditions of the tap coefficients than that based on indirect learning architecture; on the other hand, by using two polynomial coefficient combinations, different polynomial coefficient combination can be selected when the input signal amplitude changes, which effectively decreases the estimate error. This paper introduces the direct learning architecture and gives the dynamic coefficient polynomial expression. A simplified nonlinear recursive least-squares (RLS) algorithm for polynomial coefficient estimation is also derived in detail. Computer simulations show that the proposed predistorter can attain 31dB, 28dB and 40dB spectrum suppression gain when our method is applied to the traveling wave tube amplifier (TWTA), solid state power amplifier (SSPA) and polynomial power amplifier (PA) model, respectively.
Calculation of transport coefficients in an axisymmetric plasma
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shumaker, D.E.
1977-01-01
A method of calculating the transport coefficient in an axisymmetric toroidal plasma is presented. This method is useful in calculating the transport coefficients in a Tokamak plasma confinement device. The particle density and temperature are shown to be a constant on a magnetic flux surface. Transport equations are given for the total particle flux and total energy flux crossing a closed toroidal surface. Also transport equations are given for the toroidal magnetic flux. A computer code was written to calculate the transport coefficients for a three species plasma, electrons and two species of ions. This is useful for calculating the transport coefficients of a plasma which contains impurities. It was found that the particle and energy transport coefficients are increased by a large amount, and the transport coefficients for the toroidal magnetic field are reduced by a small amount.
EXACT SAMPLING DISTRIBUTION OF SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION
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Dr.G.S.David Sam Jayakumar
2015-06-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes the sampling distribution of sample coefficient of variation from the normal population. We have derived the relationship between the sample coefficient of variation, standard normal and chi-square variate. We have derived density function of the sample coefficient of variation in terms of the confluent hyper-geometric distribution. Moreover, the first two moments of the distribution are derived and we have proved that the sample coefficient of variation (cv is the biased estimator of the population coefficient of variation (CV. Moreover, the shape of the density function of sample co-efficient of variation is also visualized and the critical points of sample (cv at 5% and 1% level of significance for different sample sizes have also been computed.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Linjun, Xie, E-mail: linjunx@zjut.edu.cn [College of Mechanical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014 (China); Guohong, Xue; Ming, Zhang [Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research & Design Institute, Shanghai 200233 (China)
2016-08-01
Graphical abstract: HDS stress coefficient test apparatus. - Highlights: • This paper performs mathematic deduction to the physical model of Hold Down Spring (HDS), establishes a mathematic model of axial load P and stress, stress coefficient and friction coefficient and designs a set of test apparatuses for simulating the pretightening process of the HDS for the first time according to a model similarity criterion. • The mathematical relation between the load and the strain is obtained about the HDS, and the mathematical model of the stress coefficient and the friction coefficient is established. So, a set of test apparatuses for obtaining the stress coefficient is designed according to the model scaling criterion and the friction coefficient of the K1000 HDS is calculated to be 0.336 through the obtained stress coefficient. • The relation curve between the theoretical load and the friction coefficient is obtained through analysis and indicates that the change of the friction coefficient f would influence the pretightening load under the condition of designed stress. The necessary pretightening load in the design process is calculated to be 5469 kN according to the obtained friction coefficient. Therefore, the friction coefficient and the pretightening load under the design conditions can provide accurate pretightening data for the analysis and design of the reactor HDS according to the operations. - Abstract: This paper performs mathematic deduction to the physical model of Hold Down Spring (HDS), establishes a mathematic model of axial load P and stress, stress coefficient and friction coefficient and designs a set of test apparatuses for simulating the pretightening process of the HDS for the first time according to a model similarity criterion. By carrying out tests and researches through a stress testing technique, P–σ curves in loading and unloading processes of the HDS are obtained and the stress coefficient k{sub f} of the HDS is obtained. So, the
On some properties of SU(3 fusion coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Robert Coquereaux
2016-11-01
Full Text Available Three aspects of the SU(3 fusion coefficients are revisited: the generating polynomials of fusion coefficients are written explicitly; some curious identities generalizing the classical Freudenthal–de Vries formula are derived; and the properties of the fusion coefficients under conjugation of one of the factors, previously analyzed in the classical case, are extended to the affine algebra suˆ(3 at finite level.
ON TESTING THE EQUALITY OF K MULTIPLEAND PARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENTS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
Coutsourides (1980) derives an ad hoc nuisance parameter removal test for testing the equality of two multiple correlation coefficients of two independent p variate normal populations, under the assumption that a sample of size n is available from each population. He also extends his ad hoc nuisance parameter removal test to the testing of the equality of two multiple correlation matrices. This paper presents likelihood ratio tests for testing the equality of k multiple correlation coefficients, and also k partial correlation coefficients.
Spatial Correlation Coefficient Images for Ultrasonic Detection (Preprint)
2006-07-01
for image formation and detection based on the similarity of adjacent signals. Signal similarity is quantified in terms of the correlation coefficient calculated...between A-scans digitized at adjacent measurement positions. Correlation coefficient images are introduced for visualizing the similarity...beam field with the defect. Correlation coefficient and C-scan images are shown to demonstrate flat-bottom-hole detection in a stainless steel annular
Wavelet Correlation Coefficient of 'strongly correlated' financial time series
Ashok Razdan
2003-01-01
In this paper we use wavelet concepts to show that correlation coefficient between two financial data's is not constant but varies with scale from high correlation value to strongly anti-correlation value This studies is important because correlation coefficient is used to quantify degree of independence between two variables. In econophysics correlation coefficient forms important input to evolve hierarchial tree and minimum spanning tree of financial data.
Table for constructing the spin coefficients in general relativity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cocke, W. J.
1989-07-15
The spin coefficients in spinor calculus in Riemannian space-time are linear functions of the curls of the connecting quantities (the Infeld--Van der Waerden symbols). We show that in the Newman-Penrose formalism the expressions for the spin coefficients are quite manageable, if they are written in terms of the Newman-Penrose tetrad vectors. We present a table of the components of the spin coefficients explicitly in terms of the curls of the individual tetrad vectors.
Scanning measurement of Seebeck coefficient of a heated sample
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Snyder, G. Jeffrey; Iwanaga, Shiho
2016-04-19
A novel scanning Seebeck coefficient measurement technique is disclosed utilizing a cold scanning thermocouple probe tip on heated bulk and thin film samples. The system measures variations in the Seebeck coefficient within the samples. The apparatus may be used for two dimensional mapping of the Seebeck coefficient on the bulk and thin film samples. This technique can be utilized for detection of defective regions, as well as phase separations in the sub-mm range of various thermoelectric materials.
DCFPAK: Dose coefficient data file package for Sandia National Laboratory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Eckerman, K.F.; Leggett, R.W.
1996-07-31
The FORTRAN-based computer package DCFPAK (Dose Coefficient File Package) has been developed to provide electronic access to the dose coefficient data files summarized in Federal Guidance Reports 11 and 12. DCFPAK also provides access to standard information regarding decay chains and assembles dose coefficients for all dosimetrically significant radioactive progeny of a specified radionuclide. DCFPAK was designed for application on a PC but, with minor modifications, may be implemented on a UNIX workstation.
The Frictional Coefficient of Bovine Knee Articular Cartilage
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Qian Shan-hua; Ge Shi-rong; Wang Qing-liang
2006-01-01
The normal displacement of articular cartilage was measured under load and in sliding, and the coefficient of friction during sliding was measured using a UMT-2 Multi-Specimen Test System. The maximum normal displacement under load and the start-up frictional coefficient have similar tendency of variation with loading time. The sliding speed does not significantly influence the frictional coefficient of articular cartilage.
Refinement of Fourier Coefficients from the Stokes Deconvoluted Profile
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
Computer-aided experimental technique was used to study the Stokes deconvolution of X-ray diffraction profile.Considerable difference can be found between the Fourier coefficients obtained from the deconvolutions of singlet and doublet experimental profiles. Nevertheless, the resultant physical profiles corresponding to singlet and doublet profiles are identical. An approach is proposed to refine the Fourier coefficients, and the refined Fourier coefficients coincide well with that obtained from the deconvolution of singlet experimental profile.
Stress Optical Coefficient, Test Methodology, and Glass Standard Evaluation
2016-05-01
ARL-TN-0756 ● MAY 2016 US Army Research Laboratory Stress Optical Coefficient, Test Methodology, and Glass Standard Evaluation...Stress Optical Coefficient, Test Methodology, and Glass Standard Evaluation by Clayton M Weiss Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education...Technical Note 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 19 November 2014–15 August 2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Stress Optical Coefficient, Test Methodology, and
Classification of coefficients of variation in experiments with commercial layers
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
DE Faria Filho
2010-12-01
Full Text Available This study aimed at determining a specific classification of coefficients of variation in experiments with commercial layers. Coefficients of variation were collected from papers published in Brazilian journals between 2000 and 2009 for performance, internal egg quality, and eggshell quality parameters. The coefficients of variation of each parameter were classified as low, intermediate, high, and very high according to the ratio between the median and the pseudo-sigma. It was concluded that the parameters used in experiments with commercial layers have a specific classification of coefficients of variation, and that this must be considered to evaluate experimental accuracy.
Diffusion coefficient of three-dimensional Yukawa liquids
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dzhumagulova, K. N.; Ramazanov, T. S.; Masheeva, R. U. [IETP, Al Farabi Kazakh National University, 71, al Farabi ave., Almaty 050040 (Kazakhstan)
2013-11-15
The purpose of this work is an investigation of the diffusion coefficient of the dust component in complex plasma. The computer simulation of the Yukawa liquids was made on the basis of the Langevin equation, which takes into account the influence of buffer plasma on the dust particles dynamics. The Green–Kubo relation was used to calculate the diffusion coefficient. Calculations of the diffusion coefficient for a wide range of the system parameters were performed. Using obtained numerical data, we constructed the interpolation formula for the diffusion coefficient. We also show that the interpolation formula correctly describes experimental data obtained under microgravity conditions.
Influence of Dynamical Change of Edges on Clustering Coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yuhong Ruan
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Clustering coefficient is a very important measurement in complex networks, and it describes the average ratio between the actual existent edges and probable existent edges in the neighbor of one vertex in a complex network. Besides, in a complex networks, the dynamic change of edges can trigger directly the evolution of network and further affect the clustering coefficients. As a result, in this paper, we investigate the effects of the dynamic change of edge on the clustering coefficients. It is illustrated that the increase and decrease of the clustering coefficient can be effectively controlled by adding or deleting several edges of the network in the evolution of complex networks.
Improvement of Similarity Measure： Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIUYong-suo; MENGQing-hua; CHENRong; WANGJian-song; JIANGShu-min; HUYu-zhu
2004-01-01
Aim To study the reason of the insensitiveness of Pearson preduct-moment correlation coefficient as a similarity measure and the method to improve its sensitivity. Methods Experimental and simulated data sets were used. Results The distribution range of the data sets influences the sensitivity of Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient. Weighted Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient is more sensitive when the range of the data set is large. Conclusion Weighted Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient is necessary when the range of the data set is large.
Correlation Degree and Correlation Coefficient of Multi- Output Functions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JU Gui-zhi; ZHAO Ya-qun
2005-01-01
We present definitions of the correlation degree and correlation coefficient of multi-output functions. Two relationships about the correlation degree of multi-output functions are proved. One is between the correlation degree and independency,the other is between the correlation degree and balance. Especially the paper discusses the correlation degree of affine multioutput functions. We demonstrate properties of the correlation coefficient of multi-output functions. One is the value range of the correlation coefficient, one is the relationship between the correlation coefficient and independency, and another is the sufficient and necessary condition that two multi-output functions are equivalent to each other.
Consideration on Singularities in Learning Theory and the Learning Coefficient
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Miki Aoyagi
2013-09-01
Full Text Available We consider the learning coefficients in learning theory and give two new methods for obtaining these coefficients in a homogeneous case: a method for finding a deepest singular point and a method to add variables. In application to Vandermonde matrix-type singularities, we show that these methods are effective. The learning coefficient of the generalization error in Bayesian estimation serves to measure the learning efficiency in singular learning models. Mathematically, the learning coefficient corresponds to a real log canonical threshold of singularities for the Kullback functions (relative entropy in learning theory.
Liu, Cong; Kolarik, Barbara; Gunnarsen, Lars; Zhang, Yinping
2015-10-20
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been found to be persistent in the environment and possibly harmful. Many buildings are characterized with high PCB concentrations. Knowledge about partitioning between primary sources and building materials is critical for exposure assessment and practical remediation of PCB contamination. This study develops a C-depth method to determine diffusion coefficient (D) and partition coefficient (K), two key parameters governing the partitioning process. For concrete, a primary material studied here, relative standard deviations of results among five data sets are 5%-22% for K and 42-66% for D. Compared with existing methods, C-depth method overcomes the inability to obtain unique estimation for nonlinear regression and does not require assumed correlations for D and K among congeners. Comparison with a more sophisticated two-term approach implies significant uncertainty for D, and smaller uncertainty for K. However, considering uncertainties associated with sampling and chemical analysis, and impact of environmental factors, the results are acceptable for engineering applications. This was supported by good agreement between model prediction and measurement. Sensitivity analysis indicated that effective diffusion distance, contacting time of materials with primary sources, and depth of measured concentrations are critical for determining D, and PCB concentration in primary sources is critical for K.
Taylor coefficients and coefficient multipliers of Hardy and Bergman-type spaces
Jevtić, Miroljub; Arsenović, Miloš
2016-01-01
This book provides a systematic overview of the theory of Taylor coefficients of functions in some classical spaces of analytic functions and especially of the coefficient multipliers between spaces of Hardy type. Offering a comprehensive reference guide to the subject, it is the first of its kind in this area. After several introductory chapters covering the basic material, a large variety of results obtained over the past 80 years, including the most recent ones, are treated in detail. Several chapters end with discussions of practical applications and related topics that graduate students and experts in other subjects may find useful for their own purposes. Thus, a further aim of the book is to communicate to non-specialists some concrete facts that may be of value in their own work. The book can also be used as a textbook or a supplementary reference for an advanced graduate course. It is primarily intended for specialists in complex and functional analysis, graduate students, and experts in other related...
Akataki, K; Mita, K; Itoh, Y
1999-01-01
The within-day and between-day repeatability of the mechanomyogram (MMG) was assessed using the coefficient of variation (CV) and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and was compared with that of the electromyogram (EMG). The MMG and EMG were recorded simultaneously during isometric elbow flexion trials at different submaximal levels of 10% to 90% MVC. The testing session consisting of 9 submaximal trials was repeated 8 times on the same day for estimation of the within-day variation. In order to examine the between-day variation, the same testing session was also performed 8 times over 3 weeks with a 2-day rest interval between each session. The CVs within-day and between-day in both the MMG and EMG did not demonstrate any significant differences relating to the magnitude of force exerted. The CVs combined over all the force levels were approximately 10% within the same day and 25% between days for both the MMG and EMG. These corresponded to the within-day ICC of approximately 0.95 and the between-day ICC of 0.80. The repeatability of the MMG during submaximal isometric contractions of biceps brachii muscles is considered to be similar to that of the more established EMG.
Minimum wall pressure coefficient of orifice plate energy dissipater
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wan-zheng Ai; Jia-hong Wang
2015-01-01
Orifice plate energy dissipaters have been successfully used in large-scale hydropower projects due to their simple structure, convenient construction procedure, and high energy dissipation ratio. The minimum wall pressure coefficient of an orifice plate can indirectly reflect its cavitation characteristics:the lower the minimum wall pressure coefficient is, the better the ability of the orifice plate to resist cavitation damage is. Thus, it is important to study the minimum wall pressure coefficient of the orifice plate. In this study, this coefficient and related parameters, such as the contraction ratio, defined as the ratio of the orifice plate diameter to the flood-discharging tunnel diameter;the relative thickness, defined as the ratio of the orifice plate thickness to the tunnel diameter;and the Reynolds number of the flow through the orifice plate, were theoretically analyzed, and their relationships were obtained through physical model experiments. It can be concluded that the minimum wall pressure coefficient is mainly dominated by the contraction ratio and relative thickness. The lower the contraction ratio and relative thickness are, the larger the minimum wall pressure coefficient is. The effects of the Reynolds number on the minimum wall pressure coefficient can be neglected when it is larger than 105. An empirical expression was presented to calculate the minimum wall pressure coefficient in this study.
Minimum wall pressure coefficient of orifice plate energy dissipater
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Wan-zheng AI
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Orifice plate energy dissipaters have been successfully used in large-scale hydropower projects due to their simple structure, convenient construction procedure, and high energy dissipation ratio. The minimum wall pressure coefficient of an orifice plate can indirectly reflect its cavitation characteristics: the lower the minimum wall pressure coefficient is, the better the ability of the orifice plate to resist cavitation damage is. Thus, it is important to study the minimum wall pressure coefficient of the orifice plate. In this study, this coefficient and related parameters, such as the contraction ratio, defined as the ratio of the orifice plate diameter to the flood-discharging tunnel diameter; the relative thickness, defined as the ratio of the orifice plate thickness to the tunnel diameter; and the Reynolds number of the flow through the orifice plate, were theoretically analyzed, and their relationships were obtained through physical model experiments. It can be concluded that the minimum wall pressure coefficient is mainly dominated by the contraction ratio and relative thickness. The lower the contraction ratio and relative thickness are, the larger the minimum wall pressure coefficient is. The effects of the Reynolds number on the minimum wall pressure coefficient can be neglected when it is larger than 105. An empirical expression was presented to calculate the minimum wall pressure coefficient in this study.
Spacetime Variation of Lorentz-Violation Coefficients at Nonrelativistic Scale
Lane, Charles D
2016-01-01
When the Standard-Model Extension (SME) is applied in curved spacetime, the Lorentz-violation coefficients must depend on spacetime position. This work describes some of the consequences of this spacetime variation. We focus on effects that appear at a nonrelativistic scale and extract sensitivity of completed experiments to derivatives of SME coefficient fields.
Delimiting Coefficient a from Internal Consistency and Unidimensionality
Sijtsma, Klaas
2015-01-01
I discuss the contribution by Davenport, Davison, Liou, & Love (2015) in which they relate reliability represented by coefficient a to formal definitions of internal consistency and unidimensionality, both proposed by Cronbach (1951). I argue that coefficient a is a lower bound to reliability and that concepts of internal consistency and…
The κ-Generalizations of Stirling Approximation and Multinominal Coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tatsuaki Wada
2013-11-01
Full Text Available Stirling approximation of the factorials and multinominal coefficients are generalized based on the κ-generalized functions introduced by Kaniadakis. We have related the κ-generalized multinominal coefficients to the κ-entropy by introducing a new κ-product operation, which exists only when κ ≠ 0.
Confidence intervals for intraclass correlation coefficients in variance components models
Demetrashvili, Nino; Wit, Ernst C; Van Den Heuvel, Edwin R.
2016-01-01
Confidence intervals for intraclass correlation coefficients in agreement studies with continuous outcomes are model-specific and no generic approach exists. This paper provides two generic approaches for intraclass correlation coefficients of the form -' q = 1 Q σ q 2 / (-' q = 1 Q σ q 2 + -' p = Q
Determination of storage coefficients during pumping and recovery.
Ashjari, Javad
2013-01-01
An aquifer test is used mostly to determine the storage coefficient and transmissivity. Although residual drawdown data are widely used in estimating the transmissivity of aquifers, the estimation of storage coefficients with recovery data is controversial. Some researchers have proposed methods to estimate storage coefficients with recovery data by assuming equality of storage coefficients for the recovery and pumping periods (S = S'). The aim of this study is to determine storage coefficients without such an assumption, that is, S≠S'. The method is a modified version of Banton-Bangoy's method without considering drawdown data due to pumping. Drawdown is plotted vs. the logarithmic ratio (t'/t) or time since pumping stopped to the duration of pumping and the ratio of storage coefficient during recovery to the storage coefficient from the pumping period (S'/S). The method is verified with one case study and two synthetic examples. Thus, it is possible to determine storage coefficient of pumping period accurately without any data from pumping period by recovery data.
Comparison of activity coefficient models for electrolyte systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lin, Yi; ten Kate, Antoon; Mooijer, Miranda
2010-01-01
Three activity coefficient models for electrolyte solutions were evaluated and compared. The activity coefficient models are: The electrolyte NRTL model (ElecNRTL) by Aspentech, the mixed solvent electrolyte model (MSE) by OLI Systems Inc., and the Extended UNIQUAC model from the Technical Univer...
Supercongruences satisfied by coefficients of 2F1 hypergeometric series
Chan, Heng Huat; Krattenthaler, Christian; Osburn, Robert
2009-01-01
Recently, Chan, Cooper and Sica conjectured two congruences for coefficients of classical 2F1 hypergeometric series which also arise from power series expansions of modular forms in terms of modular functions. We prove these two congruences using combinatorial properties of the coefficients.
Choice of the Ångström-Prescott coefficients
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Liu, Xiaoying; Mei, Xurong; Li, Yuzhong;
2010-01-01
(fixed) coefficients using data from 20 sites of temperate climate in China. When evaluated by performance indicators of RMSE, RRMSE, MBE, R2 and values of t-statistic, it is demonstrated that time-dependent A–P coefficients are not better than fixed ones in Rs prediction. This indicates...
4-manifolds and intersection forms with local coefficients
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Frøyshov, Kim Anders
2012-01-01
We extend Donaldson's diagonalization theorem to intersection forms with certain local coefficients, under some constraints. This provides new examples of non-smoothable topological 4-manifolds.......We extend Donaldson's diagonalization theorem to intersection forms with certain local coefficients, under some constraints. This provides new examples of non-smoothable topological 4-manifolds....
Digital speckle pattern interferometric measurement of diffusion coefficients in hydrogels
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
周金芳; 韩雁; 章献民; 徐坚
2003-01-01
The technique of real-time digital speckle pattern interferometry is proposed to study diffusion of surfactants in hydrogel. The diffusion coefficient is simply and directly determined from the interferograms. An example of diffusion coefficient measurement of surfactant in agarose gel demonstrates the usefulness of the method. The results obtained are compared with the theoretical simulating values.
On the Coefficients of a Hyperbolic Hydrodynamic Model
Muroya, Shin
2012-01-01
Based on the Nakajima-Zubarev type nonequilibrium density operator, we derive a hyperbolic hydrodynamical equation. Microscopic Kubo-formulas for all coefficients in the hyperbolic hydrodynamics are obtained. Coefficients $\\alpha_{i}$'s and $\\beta_{i}$'s in the Israel-Stewart equation are given as current-weighted correlation lengths which are to be calculated in statistical mechanics.
REE and Strontium Partition Coefficients for Nakhla Pyroxenes
Oe, K.; McKay, G.; Le, L.
2001-01-01
We present new partition coefficients for REE and Sr determined using a synthetic melt that crystallizes pyroxenes very similar in composition to Nakhla pyroxene cores. We believe these are the most appropriate partition coefficients to use in studying Nakhla Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract..
Solitary Wave in Linear ODE with Variable Coefficients
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Shi-Da; FU Zun-Tao; LIU Shi-Kuo; XIN Guo-Jun; LIANG Fu-Ming; FENG Bei-Ye
2003-01-01
In this paper, the linear ordinary differential equations with variable coefficients are obtained from thecontrolling equations satisfied by wavelet transform or atmospheric internal gravity waves, and these linear equationscan be further transformed into Weber equations. From Weber equations, the homoclinic orbit solutions can be derived,so the solitary wave solutions to linear equations with variable coefficients are obtained.
Anderson-Witting transport coefficients for flows in general relativity
Ambrus, Victor E
2016-01-01
The transport coefficients induced by the Anderson-Witting approximation of the collision term in the relativistic Boltzmann equation are derived for close to equilibrium flows in general relativity. Using the tetrad formalism, it is shown that the expression for these coefficients is the same as that obtained on flat space-time, in agreement with the generalized equivalence principle.
Predicting blood:air partition coefficients using basic physicochemical properties
Buist, H.E.; Wit-Bos, L. de; Bouwman, T.; Vaes, W.H.J.
2012-01-01
Quantitative Property Property Relationships (QPPRs) for human and rat blood:air partition coefficients (PBAs) have been derived, based on vapour pressure (Log(VP)), the octanol:water partition coefficient (Log(K_OW)) and molecular weight (MW), using partial least squares multilinear modelling. Thes
Permeability dependence of streaming potential coefficient in porous media
L.D. Thanh; R. Sprik
2015-01-01
In theory, the streaming potential coefficient depends not only on the zeta potential but also on the permeability of the rocks that partially determines the surface conductivity of the rocks. However, in practice, it is hard to show the permeability dependence of streaming potential coefficients be
Mass transfer coefficients in cross-flow ultrafiltration
Berg, van den G.B.; Rácz, I.G.; Smolders, C.A.
1989-01-01
Usually, in concentration polarization models, the mass transfer coefficient is an unknown parameter. Also, its variation with changing experimental circumstances is in question. In the literature, many relationships can be found to describe the mass transfer coefficient under various conditions, as
Influence of effective stress coefficient on mechanical failure of chalk
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Alam, Mohammad Monzurul; Fabricius, Ida Lykke; Hjuler, M.L.
2012-01-01
, as this process could affect the grain contact cement. If this happens, the effective stress at the grain contacts in a reservoir will change according to the effective stress principle of Biot. In a p′-q space for failure analysis, we observed that a higher effective stress coefficient reduces the elastic region...... and vice versa. However, as the effective stress working on the rock decreases with increased effective stress coefficient, the reduction of elastic region will have less effect on pore collapse strength if we consider the change in the effective stress coefficient. This finding will help estimate a more......The Effective stress coefficient is a measure of how chalk grains are connected with each other. The stiffness of chalk may decrease if the amount of contact cements between the grains decreases, which may lead to an increase of the effective stress coefficient. We performed CO2 injection in chalk...
Determining pitch-angle diffusion coefficients from test particle simulations
Ivascenko, A; Spanier, F; Vainio, R
2016-01-01
Transport and acceleration of charged particles in turbulent media is a topic of great interest in space physics and interstellar astrophysics. These processes are dominated by the scattering of particles off magnetic irregularities. The scattering process itself is usually described by small-angle scattering with the pitch-angle coefficient $D_{\\mu\\mu}$ playing a major role. Since the diffusion coefficient $D_{\\mu\\mu}$ can be determined analytically only for the approximation of quasi-linear theory, the determination of this coefficient from numerical simulations has, therefore, become more important. So far these simulations yield particle tracks for small-scale scattering, which can then be interpreted using the running diffusion coefficients. This method has a limited range of validity. This paper presents two new methods that allow for the calculation of the pitch-angle diffusion coefficient from numerical simulations. These methods no longer analyse particle trajectories, but the change of particle dist...
Determination of absolute internal conversion coefficients using the SAGE spectrometer
Sorri, J.; Greenlees, P. T.; Papadakis, P.; Konki, J.; Cox, D. M.; Auranen, K.; Partanen, J.; Sandzelius, M.; Pakarinen, J.; Rahkila, P.; Uusitalo, J.; Herzberg, R.-D.; Smallcombe, J.; Davies, P. J.; Barton, C. J.; Jenkins, D. G.
2016-03-01
A non-reference based method to determine internal conversion coefficients using the SAGE spectrometer is carried out for transitions in the nuclei of 154Sm, 152Sm and 166Yb. The Normalised-Peak-to-Gamma method is in general an efficient tool to extract internal conversion coefficients. However, in many cases the required well-known reference transitions are not available. The data analysis steps required to determine absolute internal conversion coefficients with the SAGE spectrometer are presented. In addition, several background suppression methods are introduced and an example of how ancillary detectors can be used to select specific reaction products is given. The results obtained for ground-state band E2 transitions show that the absolute internal conversion coefficients can be extracted using the methods described with a reasonable accuracy. In some cases of less intense transitions only an upper limit for the internal conversion coefficient could be given.
Stochastic back analysis of permeability coefficient using generalized Bayesian method
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zheng Guilan; Wang Yuan; Wang Fei; Yang Jian
2008-01-01
Owing to the fact that the conventional deterministic back analysis of the permeability coefficient cannot reflect the uncertainties of parameters, including the hydraulic head at the boundary, the permeability coefficient and measured hydraulic head, a stochastic back analysis taking consideration of uncertainties of parameters was performed using the generalized Bayesian method. Based on the stochastic finite element method (SFEM) for a seepage field, the variable metric algorithm and the generalized Bayesian method, formulas for stochastic back analysis of the permeability coefficient were derived. A case study of seepage analysis of a sluice foundation was performed to illustrate the proposed method. The results indicate that, with the generalized Bayesian method that considers the uncertainties of measured hydraulic head, the permeability coefficient and the hydraulic head at the boundary, both the mean and standard deviation of the permeability coefficient can be obtained and the standard deviation is less than that obtained by the conventional Bayesian method. Therefore, the present method is valid and applicable.
Optimization of Submarine Hydrodynamic Coefficients Based on Immune Genetic Algorithm
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HU Kun; XU Yi-fan
2010-01-01
Aiming at the demand for optimization of hydrodynamic coefficients in submarine's motion equations, an adaptive weight immune genetic algorithm was proposed to optimize hydrodynamic coefficients in motion equations. Some hydrody-namic coefficients of high sensitivity to control and maneuver were chosen as the optimization objects in the algorithm. By using adaptive weight method to determine the weight and target function, the multi-objective optimization could be transla-ted into single-objective optimization. For a certain kind of submarine, three typical maneuvers were chosen to be the objects of study: overshoot maneuver in horizontal plane, overshoot maneuver in vertical plane and turning circle maneuver in horizontal plane. From the results of computer simulations using primal hydrodynamic coefficient and optimized hydrody-namic coefficient, the efficiency of proposed method is proved.
Determination of absolute internal conversion coefficients using the SAGE spectrometer
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sorri, J., E-mail: juha.m.t.sorri@jyu.fi [University of Jyvaskyla, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014 University of Jyvaskyla (Finland); Greenlees, P.T.; Papadakis, P.; Konki, J. [University of Jyvaskyla, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014 University of Jyvaskyla (Finland); Cox, D.M. [University of Jyvaskyla, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014 University of Jyvaskyla (Finland); Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Oxford Street, Liverpool L69 7ZE (United Kingdom); Auranen, K.; Partanen, J.; Sandzelius, M.; Pakarinen, J.; Rahkila, P.; Uusitalo, J. [University of Jyvaskyla, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014 University of Jyvaskyla (Finland); Herzberg, R.-D. [Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Oxford Street, Liverpool L69 7ZE (United Kingdom); Smallcombe, J.; Davies, P.J.; Barton, C.J.; Jenkins, D.G. [Department of Physics, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom)
2016-03-11
A non-reference based method to determine internal conversion coefficients using the SAGE spectrometer is carried out for transitions in the nuclei of {sup 154}Sm, {sup 152}Sm and {sup 166}Yb. The Normalised-Peak-to-Gamma method is in general an efficient tool to extract internal conversion coefficients. However, in many cases the required well-known reference transitions are not available. The data analysis steps required to determine absolute internal conversion coefficients with the SAGE spectrometer are presented. In addition, several background suppression methods are introduced and an example of how ancillary detectors can be used to select specific reaction products is given. The results obtained for ground-state band E2 transitions show that the absolute internal conversion coefficients can be extracted using the methods described with a reasonable accuracy. In some cases of less intense transitions only an upper limit for the internal conversion coefficient could be given.
Reflection and absorption coefficients for use in room acoustic simulations
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jeong, Cheol-Ho
2013-01-01
Two ideas to improve the boundary conditions for room acoustic simulations are presented. First, all rooms have finite boundary surfaces, thereby a reflection coefficient for finite surfaces should be physically more suitable than that for infinitely large surfaces. Second, absorption coefficients...... measured by the chamber method, so-called the Sabine absorption coefficients, have certain problems to be used in geometrical acoustics simulations; one serious problem is that they often exceed unity for porous absorbers due to the finite sample size and non-uniform intensity in the test reverberation...... chamber. Therefore the Sabine absorption coefficients should be converted into the random incidence absorption coefficients, which never exceed unity, thus are more proper for room acoustic simulations....
Friction Coefficient of UHMWPE During Dry Reciprocating Sliding
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
F. Zivic
2014-09-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with the friction coefficient behaviour during dry reciprocating sliding of UHMWPE in contact with alumina (Al2O3, within a range of velocities typical for hip implants. Five values of normal force (100 - 1000 mN and three values of sliding speed (4 - 12 mm/s have been observed. Real time diagrams of the friction coefficient as a function of the sliding cycles were recorded for each test. Dynamic friction coefficient curves exhibited rather uniform behavior for all test conditions. Somewhat larger values of friction coefficient could be observed during the running-in period in case of low loads (100 - 250 mN and the lowest velocity (4 mm/s. In case of high loads and speeds, friction coefficient reached steady state values shortly after the beginning of the test.
Limb-Darkening Coefficients for Eclipsing White Dwarfs
Gianninas, A; Kilic, Mukremin; Bergeron, P
2013-01-01
We present extensive calculations of linear and non-linear limb-darkening coefficients as well as complete intensity profiles appropriate for modeling the light-curves of eclipsing white dwarfs. We compute limb-darkening coefficients in the Johnson-Kron-Cousins UBVRI photometric system as well as the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) ugrizy system using the most up-to-date model atmospheres available. In all, we provide the coefficients for seven different limb-darkening laws. We describe the variations of these coefficients as a function of the atmospheric parameters, including the effects of convection at low effective temperatures. Finally, we discuss the importance of having readily available limb-darkening coefficients in the context of present and future photometric surveys like the LSST, Palomar Transient Factory (PTF), and the Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System (Pan-STARRS). The LSST, for example, may find ~10^5 eclipsing white dwarfs. The limb-darkening calculations presented h...
Direct Extraction of One-loop Integral Coefficients
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Forde, Darren
2007-04-16
We present a general procedure for obtaining the coefficients of the scalar bubble and triangle integral functions of one-loop amplitudes. Coefficients are extracted by considering two-particle and triple unitarity cuts of the corresponding bubble and triangle integral functions. After choosing a specific parameterization of the cut loop momentum we can uniquely identify the coefficients of the desired integral functions simply by examining the behavior of the cut integrand as the unconstrained parameters of the cut loop momentum approach infinity. In this way we can produce compact forms for scalar integral coefficients. Applications of this method are presented for both QCD and electroweak processes, including an alternative form for the recently computed three-mass triangle coefficient in the six-photon amplitude A{sub 6}(1{sup -}, 2{sup +}, 3{sup -}, 4{sup +}, 5{sup -}, 6{sup +}). The direct nature of this extraction procedure allows for a very straightforward automation of the procedure.
The solid-phase diffusion coefficient (Dm) and material-air partition coefficient (Kma) are key parameters for characterizing the sources and transport of semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in the indoor environment. In this work, a new experimental method was developed to es...
Transparent composite model for DCT coefficients: design and analysis.
Yang, En-Hui; Yu, Xiang; Meng, Jin; Sun, Chang
2014-03-01
The distributions of discrete cosine transform (DCT) coefficients of images are revisited on a per image base. To better handle, the heavy tail phenomenon commonly seen in the DCT coefficients, a new model dubbed a transparent composite model (TCM) is proposed and justified for both modeling accuracy and an additional data reduction capability. Given a sequence of the DCT coefficients, a TCM first separates the tail from the main body of the sequence. Then, a uniform distribution is used to model the DCT coefficients in the heavy tail, whereas a different parametric distribution is used to model data in the main body. The separate boundary and other parameters of the TCM can be estimated via maximum likelihood estimation. Efficient online algorithms are proposed for parameter estimation and their convergence is also proved. Experimental results based on Kullback-Leibler divergence and χ(2) test show that for real-valued continuous ac coefficients, the TCM based on truncated Laplacian offers the best tradeoff between modeling accuracy and complexity. For discrete or integer DCT coefficients, the discrete TCM based on truncated geometric distributions (GMTCM) models the ac coefficients more accurately than pure Laplacian models and generalized Gaussian models in majority cases while having simplicity and practicality similar to those of pure Laplacian models. In addition, it is demonstrated that the GMTCM also exhibits a good capability of data reduction or feature extraction-the DCT coefficients in the heavy tail identified by the GMTCM are truly outliers, and these outliers represent an outlier image revealing some unique global features of the image. Overall, the modeling performance and the data reduction feature of the GMTCM make it a desirable choice for modeling discrete or integer DCT coefficients in the real-world image or video applications, as summarized in a few of our further studies on quantization design, entropy coding design, and image understanding
Alcock-Zeilinger, Judith
2016-01-01
In this paper, we give a generic algorithm of the transition operators between Hermitian Young projection operators corresponding to equivalent irreducible representations of SU(N), using the compact expressions of Hermitian Young projection operators derived in a companion paper. We show that the Hermitian Young projection operators together with their transition operators constitute a fully orthogonal basis for the algebra of invariants of $V^{\\otimes m}$ that exhibits a systematically simplified multiplication table. We discuss the full algebra of invariants over $V^{\\otimes 3}$ and $V^{\\otimes 4}$ as explicit examples. In our presentation we make use of various standard concepts such as Young projection operators, Clebsch-Gordan operators, and invariants (in birdtrack notation). We tie these perspectives together and use them to shed light on each other.
Bayesian Inference of Empirical Coefficient for Foundation Settlement
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI Zhen-yu; WANG Yong-he; YANG Guo-lin
2009-01-01
A new approach based on Bayesian theory is proposed to determine the empirical coefficient in soil settlement calculation. Prior distribution is assumed to be uniform in [0.2,1.4]. Posterior density function is developed in the condition of prior distribution combined with the information of observed samples at four locations on a passenger dedicated line. The results show that the posterior distribution of the empirical coefficient obeys Gaussian distribution. The mean value of the empirical coefficient decreases gradually with the increasing of the load on ground, and variance variation shows no regularity.
Inflationary Weak Anisotropic Model with General Dissipation Coefficient
Sharif, M
2015-01-01
This paper explores the dynamics of warm intermediate and logamediate inflationary models during weak dissipative regime with a general form of dissipative coefficient. We analyze these models within the framework of locally rotationally symmetric Bianchi type I universe. In both cases, we evaluate solution of inflaton, effective scalar potential, dissipative coefficient, slow-roll parameters, scalar and tensor power spectra, scalar spectral index and tensor to scalar ratio under slow-roll approximation. We constrain the model parameters using recent data and conclude that anisotropic inflationary universe model with generalized dissipation coefficient remains compatible with WMAP9, Planck and BICEP2 data.
Experimental investigation of friction coefficient in tube hydroforming
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hyae Kyung YI; Hong Sup YIM; Gun Yeop LEE; Sung Mun LEE; Gi Suk CHUNG; Young-Hoon MOON
2011-01-01
The friction coefficient between tube and die in guide zone of tube hydroforming was obtained. In hydroforming, the tube is expanded by an internal pressure against the tool wall. By pushing the tube through tool, a friction force at the contact surface between the tube and the tool occurs. In guiding zone, the friction coefficients between tube and die can be estimated from the measured axial feeding forces. In expansion zone, the friction coefficients between tube and die can be evaluated from the measured geometries of expanded tubes and FE analysis.
Adaptive Peak Frequency Estimation Using a Database of PARCOR Coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Iiguni Youji
2005-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents an adaptive peak frequency estimation method using a database that stores PARCOR coefficients as key attributes and the corresponding peak frequencies as nonkey attributes. The least-square lattice algorithm is used to recursively estimate the PARCOR coefficients to adapt to changing circumstances. The nearest neighbor to the current PARCOR coefficient is retrieved from the database, and the corresponding peak frequency is regarded as the estimation. A simultaneous execution of database construction and peak estimation with database update is performed to accelerate the processing time and to improve the estimation accuracy.
Measurement of friction coefficient in aluminum sheet warm forming
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GUO Zheng-hua; LI Zhi-gang; HUANG Chong-jiu; DONG Xiang-huai
2005-01-01
Aluminum alloy sheets are used more and more to manufacture auto panels. Because the friction behavior is very complicated, it is necessary to study the friction during the aluminum sheet warm forming process. The author has designed a new probe sensor based on an online tribotest method which directly measures friction coefficient in the forming process. Experiments of cup drawing have been conducted and the friction coefficients under different forming conditions have been measured. The results indicate that the forming parameters, such as forming temperature, blankholding force and lubrication status have great effect upon the friction coefficient.
Robust Stabilization of Nonlinear Systems with Uncertain Varying Control Coefficient
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zaiyue Yang
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper investigates the stabilization problem for a class of nonlinear systems, whose control coefficient is uncertain and varies continuously in value and sign. The study emphasizes the development of a robust control that consists of a modified Nussbaum function to tackle the uncertain varying control coefficient. By such a method, the finite-time escape phenomenon has been prevented when the control coefficient is crossing zero and varying its sign. The proposed control guarantees the asymptotic stabilization of the system and boundedness of all closed-loop signals. The control performance is illustrated by a numerical simulation.
Generalized multitime expansions for equations with slowly varying coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
L. E. Levine
1984-01-01
Full Text Available The successive terms in a uniformly valid multitime expansion of the solutions of constant coefficient differential equations containing a small parameter ϵ may be obtained without resorting to secularity conditions if the time scales ti=ϵit(i=0,1,… are used. Similar results have been achieved in some cases for equations with variable coefficients by using nonlinear time scales generated from the equations themselves. This paper extends the latter approach to the general second order ordinary differential equation with slowly varying coefficients and examines the restrictions imposed by the method.
Static pressure and temperature coefficients of working standard microphones
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Barrera Figueroa, Salvador; Cutanda Henriquez, Vicente; Torras Rosell, Antoni
2016-01-01
The sensitivity of measurement microphones is affected by changes in the environmental conditions, mainly temperature and static pressure. This rate of change has been the object of previous studies focused on Laboratory Standard microphones. The literature describes frequency dependent values...... for these coefficients which are used for calibration purposes. Working standard microphones are not exempt of these influences. However, manufacturers usually provide a low frequency value of the environmental coefficient. While in some applications the influence of this coefficient may be negligible, in others it may...
Thermal Conductivity and Heat Transfer Coefficient of Concrete
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GUO Lixia; GUO Lei; ZHONG Ling; ZHU Yueming
2011-01-01
A very simple model for predicting thermal conductivity based on its definiensis was presented.The thermal conductivity obtained using the model provided a good coincidence to the investigations performed by other authors.The heat transfer coefficient was determined by inverse analysis using the temperature measurements.From experimental results,it is noted that heat transfer coefficient increases with the increase of wind velocity and relative humidity,a prediction equation on heat transfer coefficient about wind velocity and relative humidity is given.
Fractional crystallization of iron meteorites: Constant versus changing partition coefficients
Jones, J. H.
1994-01-01
Analyses of magmatic iron meteorites, plotted on LogC(sub i) vs LogC(sub Ni) diagrams, often form linear arrays. Traditionally, this linearity has been ascribed to fractional crystallization under the assumption of constant partition coefficients (i.e., Rayleigh fractionation). Paradoxically, however, partition coefficients in the Fe-Ni-S-P system are decidedly not constant. This contribution provides a rationale for understanding how trends on LogC(sub i) vs LogC(sub Ni) diagrams can be linear, even when partition coefficients are changing rapidly.
Orientation and velocity dependence of the nonequilibrium partition coefficient
Beatty, K. M.; Jackson, K. A.
1995-01-01
Monte Carlo simulations based on a Spin-1 Ising Model for binary alloys have been used to investigate the non-equilibrium partition coefficient (k(sub neq)) as a function of solid-liquid interface velocity and orientation. In simulations of Si with a second component k(sub neq) is greater in the [111] direction than the [100] direction in agreement with experimental results reported by Azlz et al. The simulated partition coefficient scales with the square of the step velocity divided by the diffusion coefficient of the secondary component in the liquid.
On the Li Coefficients for the Hecke L-functions
Omar, Sami; Ouni, Raouf; Mazhouda, Kamel
2014-06-01
In this paper, we compute and verify the positivity of the Li coefficients for the Hecke L-functions using an arithmetic formula established in Omar and Mazhouda, J. Number Theory 125(1), 50-58 (2007) and J. Number Theory 130(4), 1098-1108 (2010) and the Serre trace formula. Additional results are presented, including new formulas for the Li coefficients and a formulation of a criterion for the partial Riemann hypothesis. Basing on the numerical computations made below, we conjecture that these coefficients are increasing in n.
Prediction of Aerodynamic Coefficients using Neural Networks for Sparse Data
Rajkumar, T.; Bardina, Jorge; Clancy, Daniel (Technical Monitor)
2002-01-01
Basic aerodynamic coefficients are modeled as functions of angles of attack and sideslip with vehicle lateral symmetry and compressibility effects. Most of the aerodynamic parameters can be well-fitted using polynomial functions. In this paper a fast, reliable way of predicting aerodynamic coefficients is produced using a neural network. The training data for the neural network is derived from wind tunnel test and numerical simulations. The coefficients of lift, drag, pitching moment are expressed as a function of alpha (angle of attack) and Mach number. The results produced from preliminary neural network analysis are very good.
Drag and lift coefficients evolution of a Savonius rotor
Chauvin, A.; Benghrib, D.
1989-10-01
The lift and drag coefficients of the rotating Savonius wind machine are determined from the pressure difference measured between the upper plane and the lower plane of a blade. Pressure measurements have been performed for two sets of experiments; the first one for U ∞ = 10 m/s and the second one for U ∞ = 12.5 m/s. In each case it is to be noted that a negative lift effect is present for low values of the tip speed ratio λ. The lift coefficient becomes positive when λ increases. The drag coefficient is of course always negative.
Spacetime Variation of Lorentz-Violation Coefficients at Nonrelativistic Scale
Lane, Charles D
2016-01-01
The notion of uniform and/or constant tensor fields of rank $>0$ is incompatible with general curved spacetimes. This work considers the consequences of certain tensor-valued coefficients for Lorentz violation in the Standard-Model Extension varying with spacetime position. We focus on two of the coefficients, $a_\\mu$ and $b_\\mu$, that characterize Lorentz violation in massive fermions, particularly in those fermions that constitute ordinary matter. We calculate the nonrelativistic hamiltonian describing these effects, and use it to extract the sensitivity of several precision experiments to coefficient variation.
Universal statistics of the scattering coefficient of chaotic microwave cavities.
Hemmady, Sameer; Zheng, Xing; Antonsen, Thomas M; Ott, Edward; Anlage, Steven M
2005-05-01
We consider the statistics of the scattering coefficient S of a chaotic microwave cavity coupled to a single port. We remove the nonuniversal effects of the coupling from the experimental S data using the radiation impedance obtained directly from the experiments. We thus obtain the normalized scattering coefficient whose probability density function (PDF) is predicted to be universal in that it depends only on the loss (quality factor) of the cavity. We compare experimental PDFs of the normalized scattering coefficients with those obtained from random matrix theory (RMT), and find excellent agreement. The results apply to scattering measurements on any wave chaotic system.
Generalized Correlation Coefficient Based on Log Likelihood Ratio Test Statistic
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Liu Hsiang-Chuan
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, I point out that both Joe’s and Ding’s strength statistics can only be used for testing the pair-wise independence, and I propose a novel G-square based strength statistic, called Liu’s generalized correlation coefficient, it can be used to detect and compare the strength of not only the pair-wise independence but also the mutual independence of any multivariate variables. Furthermore, I proved that only Liu’s generalized correlation coefficient is strictly increasing on its number of variables, it is more sensitive and useful than Cramer’s V coefficient, in other words, Liu generalized correlation coefficient is not only the G-square based strength statistic, but also an improved statistic for detecting and comparing the strengths of deferent associations of any two or more sets of multivariate variables, moreover, this new strength statistic can also be tested by G2.
Stochastic modeling of the diffusion coefficient for concrete
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Thoft-Christensen, Palle
In the paper, a new stochastic modelling of the diffusion coefficient D is presented. The modelling is based on a physical understanding of the diffusion process and on some recent experimental results. The diffusion coefficient D is strongly dependent on the w/c ratio and the temperature....... A deterministic relationship between the diffusion coefficient and the w/c ratio and the temperature is used for the stochastic modelling. The w/c ratio and the temperature are modelled by log-normally and normally distributed stochastic variables, respectively. It is then shown by Monte Carlo simulation...... that the diffusion coefficient D may be modelled by a normally distributed stochastic variable. The sensitivities of D with regard to the mean values and the standard deviations are evaluated....
On cloud modelling and the mass accommodation coefficient of water
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. Laaksonen
2004-11-01
Full Text Available The mass accommodation coefficient of water is a quantity for which different experimental techniques have yielded conflicting values in the range 0.04–1. From the viewpoint of cloud modelling, this is an unfortunate situation, since the value of the mass accommodation coefficient affects the model results, e.g. the number concentration of activated cloud droplets. In this paper we argue that a mass accommodation coefficient of unity should be used in cloud modelling, since this value has been obtained in experimental studies of water droplet growth rates, a quantity which is explicitly described in cloud models. In contrast, mass accommodation coefficient values below unity have been derived from experimental results which are analyzed with different theoretical expressions than those included in cloud models.
Approximate equations at breaking for nearshore wave transformation coefficients
Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)
Chandramohan, P.; Nayak, B.U.; SanilKumar, V.
Based on small amplitude wave theory approximate equations are evaluated for determining the coefficients of shoaling, refraction, bottom friction, bottom percolation and viscous dissipation at breaking. The results obtainEd. by these equations...
Steganography using Coefficient Replacement and Adaptive Scaling based on DTCWT
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
N Sathisha
2015-03-01
Full Text Available Steganography is an authenticated technique for maintaining secrecy of embedded data. Steganography provides hardness of detecting the hidden data and has a potential capacity to hide the existence of confidential data. In this paper, we propose a novel steganography using coefficient replacement and adaptive scaling based on Dual Tree Complex Wavelet Transform (DTCWT technique. The DTCWT and LWT 2 is applied on cover image and payload respectively to convert spatial domain into transform domain. The HH sub band coefficients of cover image are replaced by the LL sub band coefficients of payload to generate intermediate stego object and the adaptive scaling factor is used to scale down intermediate stego object coefficient values to generate final stego object. The adaptive scaling factor is determined based on entropy of cover image. The security and the capacity of the proposed method are high compared to the existing algorithms.
Seal assembly for materials with different coefficients of thermal expansion
Minford, Eric
2009-09-01
Seal assembly comprising (a) two or more seal elements, each element having having a coefficient of thermal expansion; and (b) a clamping element having a first segment, a second segment, and a connecting segment between and attached to the first and second segments, wherein the two or more seal elements are disposed between the first and second segments of the clamping element. The connecting segment has a central portion extending between the first segment of the clamping element and the second segment of the clamping element, and the connecting segment is made of a material having a coefficient of thermal expansion. The coefficient of thermal expansion of the material of the connecting segment is intermediate the largest and smallest of the coefficients of thermal expansion of the materials of the two or more seal elements.
The Influence of Carburizing Parameters on Carbon Transfer Coefficient
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Tadeusz Sobusiak
2004-01-01
Definition of coefficient of carbon transfer in European Standard (EN 10052) is presented as: "Mass of carbon transferred from carburizing medium into the steel, per unit surface area per second for a unit difference between the carbon potential, and actual surface carbon content".In this paper, a model is presented of carbon transfer from endothermic atmospheres to carbon steel. The carbon transfer coefficient values were determined experimentally by the foil technique and on specimens, taking into account the following parameters: chemical composition of atmospheres, carbon potential, temperature and time of the carburizing process. Some examples of the variation of the carbon transfer coefficient for two steps of the carburizing process,including soaking before quenching, are given, based on results obtained. The effect of carbon transfer coefficient on carbon content at the steel surface is given.
[Electroencephalogram Feature Selection Based on Correlation Coefficient Analysis].
Zhou, Jinzhi; Tang, Xiaofang
2015-08-01
In order to improve the accuracy of classification with small amount of motor imagery training data on the development of brain-computer interface (BCD systems, we proposed an analyzing method to automatically select the characteristic parameters based on correlation coefficient analysis. Throughout the five sample data of dataset IV a from 2005 BCI Competition, we utilized short-time Fourier transform (STFT) and correlation coefficient calculation to reduce the number of primitive electroencephalogram dimension, then introduced feature extraction based on common spatial pattern (CSP) and classified by linear discriminant analysis (LDA). Simulation results showed that the average rate of classification accuracy could be improved by using correlation coefficient feature selection method than those without using this algorithm. Comparing with support vector machine (SVM) optimization features algorithm, the correlation coefficient analysis can lead better selection parameters to improve the accuracy of classification.
Determination of Catalytic Coefficient for a First-Order Reaction
Fraga, E. R.; And Others
1975-01-01
Describes an undergraduate physical chemistry experiment in which the acid catalyzed hydrolysis of sucrose is used to determine the catalytic coefficient of the hydronium ion, the catalyst in this reaction. (MLH)
Design formulas of transmission coefficients for permeable breakwaters
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Su-xiang ZHANG
2015-10-01
Full Text Available New empirical formulas of the transmission coefficient for permeable breakwaters were suggested based on available experimental data regarding the low-crest structure (LCS, including the permeable rubble mound breakwater and pile-type breakwater. The rationality of the present formulas was verified by their comparison with existing empirical and analytical formulas. Numerical flume results were obtained by solving the modified Boussinessq-type wave equations (MBEs, and a new expression relating the friction coefficient to the relative submerged depth was also derived. Comparative analysis shows that the results of the present formulas agree with the numerical flume results as well as available experimental data, and the present formulas are superior to the existing empirical and analytical expressions in estimating the transmission coefficient. The present formulas can provide references for estimation of the transmission coefficient in engineering practice.
Design formulas of transmission coefficients for permeable breakwaters
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Su-xiang ZHANG; Xi LI
2014-01-01
Newempirical formulas of the transmission coefficient for permeable breakwaters were suggested based on available experimental data regarding the low-crest structure (LCS), including the permeable rubble mound breakwater and pile-type breakwater. The rationality of the present formulas was verified by their comparison with existing empirical and analytical formulas. Numerical flume results were obtained by solving the modified Boussinessq-type wave equations (MBEs), and a new expression relating the friction coefficientαto the relative submerged depth tsRHwas also derived. Comparative analysis shows that the results of the present formulas agree with the numerical flume results as well as available experimental data, and the present formulas are superior to the existing empirical and analytical expressions in estimating the transmission coefficient. The present formulas can provide references for estimation of the transmission coefficient in engineering practice.
Verifying reciprocal relations for experimental diffusion coefficients in multicomponent mixtures
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Medvedev, Oleg; Shapiro, Alexander
2003-01-01
The goal of the present study is to verify the agreement of the available data on diffusion in ternary mixtures with the theoretical requirement of linear non-equilibrium thermodynamics consisting in symmetry of the matrix of the phenomenological coefficients. A common set of measured diffusion...... coefficients for a three-component mixture consists of four Fickian diffusion coefficients, each being reported separately. However, the Onsager theory predicts the existence of only three independent coefficients, as one of them disappears due to the symmetry requirement. Re-calculation of the Fickian...... extended sets of experimental data and reliable thermodynamic models were available. The sensitivity of the symmetry property to different thermodynamic parameters of the models was also checked. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved....
Multivalued Stochastic Differential Equations with Non-Lipschitz Coefficients
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Siyan XU
2009-01-01
The existence and uniqueness of solutions to the multivalued stochastic differ-ential equations with non-Lipschitz coefficients are proved, and bicontinuons modifications of the solutions are obtained.
Lower bound of assortativity coefficient in scale-free networks
Yang, Dan; Zhou, Tao
2016-01-01
The degree-degree correlation is important in understanding the structural organization of a network and the dynamics upon a network. Such correlation is usually measured by the assortativity coefficient $r$, with natural bounds $r \\in [-1,1]$. For scale-free networks with power-law degree distribution $p(k) \\sim k^{-\\gamma}$, we analytically obtain the lower bound of assortativity coefficient in the limit of large network size, which is not -1 but dependent on the power-law exponent $\\gamma$. This work challenges the validation of assortativity coefficient in heterogeneous networks, suggesting that one cannot judge whether a network is positively or negatively correlated just by looking at its assortativity coefficient.
System to Measure Thermal Conductivity and Seebeck Coefficient for Thermoelectrics
Kim, Hyun-Jung; Skuza, Jonathan R.; Park, Yeonjoon; King, Glen C.; Choi, Sang H.; Nagavalli, Anita
2012-01-01
The Seebeck coefficient, when combined with thermal and electrical conductivity, is an essential property measurement for evaluating the potential performance of novel thermoelectric materials. However, there is some question as to which measurement technique(s) provides the most accurate determination of the Seebeck coefficient at elevated temperatures. This has led to the implementation of nonstandardized practices that have further complicated the confirmation of reported high ZT materials. The major objective of the procedure described is for the simultaneous measurement of the Seebeck coefficient and thermal diffusivity within a given temperature range. These thermoelectric measurements must be precise, accurate, and reproducible to ensure meaningful interlaboratory comparison of data. The custom-built thermal characterization system described in this NASA-TM is specifically designed to measure the inplane thermal diffusivity, and the Seebeck coefficient for materials in the ranging from 73 K through 373 K.
Research on the Fault Coefficient in Complex Electrical Engineering
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yi Sun
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Fault detection and isolation in a complex system are research hotspots and frontier problems in the reliability engineering field. Fault identification can be regarded as a procedure of excavating key characteristics from massive failure data, then classifying and identifying fault samples. In this paper, based on the fundamental of feature extraction about the fault coefficient, we will discuss the fault coefficient feature in complex electrical engineering in detail. For general fault types in a complex power system, even if there is a strong white Gaussian stochastic interference, the fault coefficient feature is still accurate and reliable. The results about comparative analysis of noise influence will also demonstrate the strong anti-interference ability and great redundancy of the fault coefficient feature in complex electrical engineering.
Photothermal determination of optical coefficients using an optical fibre sensor
Laufer, J
2000-01-01
configuration is more sensitive to the thermal coefficients than the optical coefficients of the target. Pulsed photothermal radiometry was found to have higher sensitivity to the optical coefficients than has the optical fibre sensor in its present form. However, modifications to the configuration of the sensor can produce a performance matching that of pulsed photothermal radiometry. This thesis is concerned with the development of an optical fibre sensor for the photothermal determination of the optical coefficients of tissue. The detection of differences in tissue optical properties might be used for the diagnosis of cancers and other tissue pathologies. The sensor consists of a thin transparent polymer film mounted at the distal end of an optical fibre. The film acts as a Fabry-Perot interferometer. The absorption of short, low energy laser pulses transmitted through the film and into the tissue generates thermal as well as acoustic transients, which propagate into/the film and modulate its thickness. Th...
Constraining the Drag Coefficients of Meteors in Dark Flight
Carter, R. T.; Jandir, P. S.; Kress, M. E.
2011-01-01
Based on data in the aeronautics literature, we have derived functions for the drag coefficients of spheres and cubes as a function of Mach number. Experiments have shown that spheres and cubes exhibit an abrupt factor-of-two decrease in the drag coefficient as the object slows through the transonic regime. Irregularly shaped objects such as meteorites likely exhibit a similar trend. These functions are implemented in an otherwise simple projectile motion model, which is applicable to the non-ablative dark flight of meteors (speeds less than .+3 km/s). We demonstrate how these functions may be used as upper and lower limits on the drag coefficient of meteors whose shape is unknown. A Mach-dependent drag coefficient is potentially important in other planetary and astrophysical situations, for instance, in the core accretion scenario for giant planet formation.
ON SOLUTIONS TO SINGULAR FRACTIONAL DIFFERENTIAL SYSTEMS WITH CONSTANT COEFFICIENTS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2010-01-01
In this paper, we consider solutions to singular fractional differential systems with constant coefficients involving Riemann-Liouville differential operator. At first, we study the solvability of the systems. Then we discuss the general solution to the system.
Scaling the Raman Gain Coefficient of Optical Fibers
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rottwitt, Karsten; Bromage, J; Leng, L
2002-01-01
Scaling rules for the Raman gain coefficient are provided with emphasis on the effective area and wavelength dependence. Translation from measurements made at one pump wavelength to other pump wavelengths is demonstrated.......Scaling rules for the Raman gain coefficient are provided with emphasis on the effective area and wavelength dependence. Translation from measurements made at one pump wavelength to other pump wavelengths is demonstrated....
Efficient Derivation and Approximations of Cepstral Coefficients for Speech Coding
1992-12-01
A new formulation is presented for the calculation of cepstral coefficients directly from measured sine wave amplitudes and frequencies of speech waveforms. Approximations to these cepstral coefficients are shown to be suitable for operation in a real-time speech coding environment. These results were encoded in the C programming language and then evaluated through experiments that were conducted on the McAulay-Quatieri Sinusoidal Transform Coder (STC).... Speech coding, Cepstral processing.
Evaluation of satellite derived spectral diffuse attenuation coefficients
Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)
Suresh, T.; Talaulikar, M.; Desa, E.; Mascarenhas, A.A.M.Q.; Matondkar, S.G.P.
Conference on Harbour and Ocean Engineering, 12-14, Dec. 2007, at NITK, Surathkal 116 EVALUATION OF SATELLITE DERIVED SPECTRAL DIFFUSE ATTENUATION COEFFICIENTS T.Suresh, Madhubala Talaulikar, Elgar Desa, Antonio Mascaranhas, S.G. Prabhu Matondkar... evaluated the satellite-derived values using the Root mean Squared Error (RMSE), mean of the absolute percentage difference (apd) (Lee, 2005), mean percent deviation (MPD) and coefficient of determination (r 2 ). The RMSE and apd provide information about...
Age-dependent dose coefficients for tritium in Asian populations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Trivedi, A
1999-10-01
The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Publications 56 (1989) and 67 (1993) have prescribed the biokinetic models and age-dependent dose coefficients for tritiated water and organically bound tritium. The dose coefficients are computed from values selected to specify the anatomical, morphological and physiological characteristics of a three-month-old, one-year-old, five-year-old, 10-year-old, 15-year-old and adult (Reference Man) Caucasian living in North America and Western Europe. However, values for Reference Man and other age groups are not directly applicable to Asians, because of differences in race, custom, dietary habits and climatic conditions. An Asian Man model, including five age groups, has been proposed by Tanaka and Kawamura (1996, 1998) for use in internal dosimetry. The basic concept of the ICRP Reference Man and the system describing body composition in ICRP Publication 23 (1975) were used. Reference values for Asians were given for the body weight and height, the mass of soft tissue, the mass of body water and the daily fluid balance, and are used to compute the dose coefficients for tritium. The age-dependent dose coefficients for Asians for tritiated water intakes are smaller by 20 to 30% of the currently prescribed values (Trivedi, 1998). The reduction in the dose coefficient values is caused by the increased daily fluid balance among Asians. The dose coefficient for tritiated water is 1.4 x 10{sup -11} Sv Bq{sup -1} for Asian Man compared to 2.0 x 10{sup -11} Sv Bq{sup -1} for Reference Man. The dose coefficients for organically bound tritium are only marginally different from those of the ICRP values. The dose coefficient for organically bound tritium for Asian Man is 4.0 x 10{sup -11} Sv Bq{sup -11} compared to 4.6 x 10{sup -11} Sv Bq{sup -1} for Reference Man. (author)
Effects of lubricant's friction coefficient on warm compaction powder metallurgy
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI Yuan-yuan; NGAI Tungwai Leo; WANG Shng-lin; ZHU Min; CHEN Wei-ping
2005-01-01
The correct use of lubricant is the key of warm compaction powder metallurgy.Different lubricants produce different lubrication effects and their optimal application temperature will be different.Three different lubricants were used to study the effects of friction coefficient on warm compaction process.Friction coefficients of these lubricants were measured at temperatures ranging from ambient temperature to 200 ℃.Iron-base samples were prepared using different processing temperatures and their green compact densities were studied.
Heat-kernel coefficients for oblique boundary conditions
Dowker, John S; Kirsten, Klaus
1997-01-01
We calculate the heat-kernel coefficients, up to $a_2$, for a U(1) bundle on the 4-Ball for boundary conditions which are such that the normal derivative of the field at the boundary is related to a first-order operator in boundary derivatives acting on the field. The results are used to place restrictions on the general forms of the coefficients. In the specific case considered, there can be a breakdown of ellipticity.
Determining pitch-angle diffusion coefficients from test particle simulations
Ivascenko, A.; S. Lange; Spanier, F.; R. Vainio
2016-01-01
Transport and acceleration of charged particles in turbulent media is a topic of great interest in space physics and interstellar astrophysics. These processes are dominated by the scattering of particles off magnetic irregularities. The scattering process itself is usually described by small-angle scattering with the pitch-angle coefficient $D_{\\mu\\mu}$ playing a major role. Since the diffusion coefficient $D_{\\mu\\mu}$ can be determined analytically only for the approximation of quasi-linear...
Use of a Correlation Coefficient for Conditional Averaging.
1997-04-01
data. Selection of the sine function period and a correlation coefficient threshold are discussed. Also examined are the effects of the period and...threshold level on the number of ensembles captured for inclusion for conditional averaging. Both the selection of threshold correlation coefficient and the...A method of collecting ensembles for conditional averaging is presented that uses data collected from a plane mixing layer. The correlation
Uranium plasma emission coefficient in the visible and near UV.
Mack, J. M., Jr.; Usher, J. L.; Schneider, R. T.; Campbell, H. D.
1971-01-01
Measurements of the specific emission coefficient in the near ultra-violet and visible region of a uranium arc plasma are reported. Spatial unfolding of the intensity profile is used to determine the emission coefficient in the spectral range of 2000 A to 6000 A. The uranium partial pressure is estimated to range between .001 and .01 atmosphere, and the corresponding temperature range is 5000 - 10,000 K.
ON THE COEFFICIENTS OF A POLYNOMIAL WITH RESTRICTED ZEROS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
A.Aziz; W.M.Shah
2009-01-01
LetP(Z)=αn Zn + αn-1Zn-1 +…+α0 be a complex polynomial of degree n. There is a close connection between the coefficients and the zeros of P(z). In this paper we prove some sharp inequalities concerning the coeffi-cients of the polynomial P(z) with restricted zeros. We also establish a sufficient condition for the separation of zeros of P(z).
Exact solutions to a nonlinear dispersive model with variable coefficients
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Yin Jun [Department of Applied Mathematics, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 610074 (China); Lai Shaoyong [Department of Applied Mathematics, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 610074 (China)], E-mail: laishaoy@swufe.edu.cn; Qing Yin [Department of Applied Mathematics, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 610074 (China)
2009-05-15
A mathematical technique based on an auxiliary differential equation and the symbolic computation system Maple is employed to investigate a prototypical and nonlinear K(n, n) equation with variable coefficients. The exact solutions to the equation are constructed analytically under various circumstances. It is shown that the variable coefficients and the exponent appearing in the equation determine the quantitative change in the physical structures of the solutions.
Laser Measurement Of Convective-Heat-Transfer Coefficient
Porro, A. Robert; Hingst, Warren R.; Chriss, Randall M.; Seablom, Kirk D.; Keith, Theo G., Jr.
1994-01-01
Coefficient of convective transfer of heat at spot on surface of wind-tunnel model computed from measurements acquired by developmental laser-induced-heat-flux technique. Enables non-intrusive measurements of convective-heat-transfer coefficients at many points across surfaces of models in complicated, three-dimensional, high-speed flows. Measurement spot scanned across surface of model. Apparatus includes argon-ion laser, attenuator/beam splitter electronic shutter infrared camera, and subsystem.
Molecular Dynamics Simulation on thermodynamic Properties and Transport Coefficients
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
D.X.Xiong
1996-01-01
Moecular dynamics simulation (MDS) is used to study the thermodynamic properties and transport coefficients of an argon system with Lennend-Jones potential.The results on the velocity distribution,mean free path,mean collison time,specific heat and self0diffusion coefficient agree well with the existing theoretical /experimental data,It shows that molecular dynamics method is another bridge to connect microworld and macreoworld.
A note on Hansen's coefficients in satellite theory
Giacaglia, G. E. O.
1976-01-01
General formulas for Hansen's coefficients in satellite theory are derived along with expressions for the eccentricity functions G and H. Recurrence relations for the eccentricity functions and their derivatives are obtained which are valid for all values of the parameter p. It is noted that the recurrence relations obtained by Challe and Laclaverie (1969) as well as by Balmino (1973) do not satisfy certain parity conditions and therefore involve coefficients outside the range of usage.
Buchdahl's glass dispersion coefficients calculated from Schott equation constants.
Reardon, P J; Chipman, R A
1989-08-15
A method for the rapid evaluation of Buchdahl's dispersion coefficients at an arbitrary base wavelength given the Schott equation constants is presented. Buchdahl's chromatic coordinate transformation is performed on the Schott equation for the refractive index. A Taylor series expansion of the transformed Schott equation is then equated to the square of the Buchdahl dispersion model. Equations for Buchdahl's dispersion coefficients are then obtained for any base wavelength by matching the power of Buchdahl's chromatic coordinate omega out to fourth order.
Some new solutions of nonlinear evolution equations with variable coefficients
Virdi, Jasvinder Singh
2016-05-01
We construct the traveling wave solutions of nonlinear evolution equations (NLEEs) with variable coefficients arising in physics. Some interesting nonlinear evolution equations are investigated by traveling wave solutions which are expressed by the hyperbolic functions, the trigonometric functions and rational functions. The applied method will be used in further works to establish more entirely new solutions for other kinds of such nonlinear evolution equations with variable coefficients arising in physics.
Coefficient of variation calculated from the range for skewed distributions.
Rhiel, G Steven
2006-02-01
In this research a coefficient of variation (CVS(high.low)) is developed that is calculated from the highest and lowest values in a set of data for samples from skewed distributions. A correction factor is determined such that CVS(high-low) is a dose estimate of the population coefficient of variation when sampling from three skewed chi-squared distributions and three skewed empirical distributions. The empirical distributions are from "real-world" data sets in psychology and education.
Coefficient of variation and Power Pen's parade computation
Sadefo Kamdem, Jules
2011-01-01
Under the the assumption that income y is a power function of its rank among n individuals, we approximate the coefficient of variation and gini index as functions of the power degree of the Pen's parade. Reciprocally, for a given coefficient of variation or gini index, we propose the analytic expression of the degree of the power Pen's parade; we can then compute the Pen's parade.
Spatial variation of the longitudinal dispersion coefficient in an estuary
D. C. Shaha; Y.-K. Cho; M.-T. Kwak; S. R. Kundu; K. T. Jung
2011-01-01
The effective longitudinal dispersion is a primary tool for determining property distributions in estuaries. Most previous studies have examined the longitudinal dispersion coefficient for the average tidal condition. However, information on spatial and temporal variations of this coefficient at low and high tide is scarce. Three years of hydrographic data taken at low and high tide along the main axis of the Sumjin River Estuary (SRE), Korea are used to estimate the spatial and temporal vari...
Coefficients of Productivity for Yellowstone's Grizzly Bear Habitat
Mattson, David John; Barber, Kim; Maw, Ralene; Renkin, Roy
2004-01-01
This report describes methods for calculating coefficients used to depict habitat productivity for grizzly bears in the Yellowstone ecosystem. Calculations based on these coefficients are used in the Yellowstone Grizzly Bear Cumulative Effects Model to map the distribution of habitat productivity and account for the impacts of human facilities. The coefficients of habitat productivity incorporate detailed information that was collected over a 20-year period (1977-96) on the foraging behavior of Yellowstone's bears and include records of what bears were feeding on, when and where they fed, the extent of that feeding activity, and relative measures of the quantity consumed. The coefficients also incorporate information, collected primarily from 1986 to 1992, on the nutrient content of foods that were consumed, their digestibility, characteristic bite sizes, and the energy required to extract and handle each food. Coefficients were calculated for different time periods and different habitat types, specific to different parts of the Yellowstone ecosystem. Stratifications included four seasons of bear activity (spring, estrus, early hyperphagia, late hyperphagia), years when ungulate carrion and whitebark pine seed crops were abundant versus not, areas adjacent to (bear activity in each region, habitat type, and time period were incorporated into calculations, controlling for the effects of proximity to human facilities. The coefficients described in this report and associated estimates of grizzly bear habitat productivity are unique among many efforts to model the conditions of bear habitat because calculations include information on energetics derived from the observed behavior of radio-marked bears.
Metabolic Control Analysis: Separable Matrices and Interdependence of Control Coefficients.
Elsner; Giersch
1998-08-21
A central quantity for the analysis of the interdependence of control coefficients is the Jacobian H of the pathway. For a simple metabolic chain, H is known to be tridiagonal. Its inverse H-1, which is required to calculate control coefficients, is semi-separable. A semi-separable nxn matrix (aij) has the characteristic property that it is decomposable into two triangles for each of which there are vectors r=(r1, . . . ,rn) and t=(t1, . . . ,tn) with aij=ritj. The exact definitions of semi-separability and the related separability of matrices are given in Appendix B. Owing to the semi-separability of H-1, the determinants of all 2x2 sub-matrices of elements located within one of the triangles are zero. Therefore, these triangles are regions of vanishing two-minors. The flux control coefficient matrix CJ is hown to be separable and the concentration control coefficient matrix Cs to be semi separable. Cs has, in addition, the peculiarity that the row vector is the same for both its upper and lower triangle. A feedback loop gives rise to a new sub-region of vanishing two-minors, thereby disturbing the semi-separability of the upper triangle of Cs. A recipe is given to graphically construct the regions of vanishing two-minors of concentration control coefficients. The notion of (semi-)separability allows assessment of all dependences of control coefficients for metabolic pathways.Copyright 1998 Academic Press
Negative power coefficient on PHWRs with CARA fuel
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lestani, H.A., E-mail: lestanih@cab.cnea.gov.ar [Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica – Centro Atómico Bariloche, Av. E. Bustillo 9500, S. C. de Bariloche, Río Negro (Argentina); Instituto Balseiro – Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Av. E. Bustillo 9500, S. C. de Bariloche, Río Negro (Argentina); González, H.J., E-mail: jgonzalez@invap.com.ar [INVAP S.E., Av. Cmte. Luis Piedrabuena 4905 (Argentina); Instituto Balseiro – Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Av. E. Bustillo 9500, S. C. de Bariloche, Río Negro (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas, Av. Rivadavia 1917, CABA, C1033AAJ (Argentina); Florido, P.C., E-mail: pcflorido@yahoo.com [Instituto Balseiro – Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Av. E. Bustillo 9500, S. C. de Bariloche, Río Negro (Argentina)
2014-04-01
Highlights: • A PHWR fuel was optimized to obtain a negative power coefficient. • Fuel cost, being a measure of design investment efficiency, was optimized. • Influence on power coefficient of geometrical and economical parameters’ was studied. • Different neutronic absorbers were studied; pure absorbers can be used. • Thermal and economical models were developed to complement neutronic assessment. - Abstract: A study of power coefficient of reactivity in heavy water reactors is made analyzing the reactivity components of fuels with several modifications oriented at reducing the coefficient. A cell model is used for neutronics calculations; a non-linear two dimensional model is used to evaluate the thermal changes that follow a power change; and a levelized unit energy cost model is used to assess the economical feasibility of the design changes introduced to reduce power coefficient. The necessity of modelling all the aforementioned quantities in a coupled scheme is stressed, as a strong interdependence was found. A series of design changes complied with a negative power coefficient of reactivity, with a feasible power radial distribution and with low refuelling cost. Some investigation lines that exceed the fuel cell study and deal with the plant operation are marked as potentially addressing the stable operation of big heavy water reactors.
Experimental investigation of drag coefficients of gobi surfaces
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
董治宝; 屈建军; 刘小平; 张伟民; 王训明
2002-01-01
The response of gobi surfaces to the near-surface air flow can be characterized quantitatively by drag coefficients. By using wind tunnel tests, an attempt is made to define the relationship between the drag coefficients of gobi surfaces and gravel size and coverage. It is concluded that the drag coefficients of gobi surfaces tend to be constants when gravel coverage is over 40%-50%. Consequently, we think that the gobi deflation planes expanding vastly in the arid Northwestern China are aerodynamically stable, at least not the supplying sources of current dust storms, and therefore the emphasis on dust storm control should be paid on the so-called "earth gobi" that has low gravel coverage. The prediction model for drag coefficients of gobi surfaces has been developed by regressing drag coefficients on gravel size and coverage, the predicted results are in reasonably good agreement with wind tunnel results (R 2 = 0.94). The change of drag coefficients with gravel friction Reynolds number implies that the development extent of drag effect increases with gravel size and coverage.
Study and verification on dispersion coefficient in wave field
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
SHEN LiangDuo; ZOU ZhiLi
2012-01-01
Transport and diffusion caused by coastal waves have different characteristics from those induced by flows.Through solving the vertical diffusion equation by an analytic method,this paper infers a theoretical formula of dispersion coefficient under the combined action of current and waves.It divides the general dispersion coefficient into six parts,including coefficients due to tidal current,Stokes drift,wave oscillation and interaction among them.It draws a conclusion that the contribution of dispersive effect induced by coastal waves is mainly produced by Stokes drift,while the contributions to time-averaged dispersion coefficient due to wave orbital motion and interaction between current and waves are very small.The results without tidal current are in agreement with the numerical and experimental results,which proves the correctness of the theoretical derivation.This paper introduces the variation characteristics of both the time-averaged and oscillating dispersion coefficients versus relative water depth,and demonstrates the physical implications of the oscillating mixing coefficient due to waves.We also apply the results to the costal vertical circulation and give its characteristics compared to Stokes drift.
Lu, Qieni; Han, Jinxin; Dai, Haitao; Ge, Baozhen; Zhao, Shuang
2015-08-01
We measure temperature dependence on Kerr coefficient and quadratic polarized optical coefficient of a paraelectric Mn:Fe:KTN crystal simultaneously in this work, based on digital holographic interferometry (DHI). And the spatial distribution of the field-induced refractive index change can also be visualized and estimated by numerically retrieving sequential phase maps of Mn:Fe:KTN crystal from recording digital holograms in different states. The refractive indices decrease with increasing temperature and quadratic polarized optical coefficient is insensitive to temperature. The experimental results suggest that the DHI method presented here is highly applicable in both visualizing the temporal and spatial behavior of the internal electric field and accurately measuring electro-optic coefficient for electrooptical media.
In vivo lipid diffusion coefficient measurements in rat bone marrow.
Ababneh, Zaid Q; Beloeil, Helene; Berde, Charles B; Ababneh, Anas M; Maier, Stephan E; Mulkern, Robert V
2009-07-01
The diffusion coefficient of lipids, D(l), within bone marrow, fat deposits and metabolically active intracellular lipids in vivo will depend on several factors including the precise chemical composition of the lipid distribution (chain lengths, degree of unsaturation, etc.) as well as the temperature. As such, D(l) may ultimately prove of value in assessing abnormal fatty acid distributions linked to diseases such as cystic fibrosis, diabetes and coronary heart disease. A sensitive temperature dependence of D(l) may also prove of value for MR-guided thermal therapies for bone tumors or disease within other fatty tissues like the breast. Measuring diffusion coefficients of high molecular weight lipids in vivo is, however, technically difficult for a number of reasons. For instance, due to the much lower diffusion coefficients compared to water, much higher b factors than those used for central nervous system applications are needed. In addition, the pulse sequence design must incorporate, as much as possible, immunity to motion, susceptibility and chemical shift effects present whenever body imaging is performed. In this work, high b-factor line scan diffusion imaging sequences were designed, implemented and tested for D(l) measurement using a 4.7-T horizontal bore animal scanner. The gradient set available allowed for b factors as high as 0.03 micros/nm(2) (30,000 s/mm(2)) at echo times as short as 42 ms. The methods were used to measure lipid diffusion coefficients within the marrow of rat paws in vivo, yielding lipid diffusion coefficients approximately two orders of magnitude smaller than typical tissue water diffusion coefficients. Phantom experiments that demonstrate the sensitivity of lipid diffusion coefficients to chain length and temperature were also performed.
Theoretical approximations and experimental extinction coefficients of biopharmaceuticals.
Miranda-Hernández, Mariana P; Valle-González, Elba R; Ferreira-Gómez, David; Pérez, Néstor O; Flores-Ortiz, Luis F; Medina-Rivero, Emilio
2016-02-01
UV spectrophotometric measurement is a widely accepted and standardized routine analysis for quantitation of highly purified proteins; however, the reliability of the results strictly depends on the accuracy of the employed extinction coefficients. In this work, an experimental estimation of the differential refractive index (dn/dc), based on dry weight measurements, was performed in order to determine accurate extinction coefficients for four biotherapeutic proteins and one synthetic copolymer after separation in a size-exclusion ultra-performance liquid chromatograph coupled to an ultraviolet, multiangle light scattering and refractive index (SE-UPLC-UV-MALS-RI) multidetection system. The results showed small deviations with respect to theoretical values, calculated from the specific amino acid sequences, for all the studied immunoglobulins. Nevertheless, for proteins like etanercept and glatiramer acetate, several considerations, such as glycan content, partial specific volume, polarizability, and higher order structure, should be considered to properly calculate theoretical extinction coefficient values. Herein, these values were assessed with simple approximations. The precision of the experimentally obtained extinction coefficients, and its convergence towards the theoretical values, makes them useful for characterization and comparability exercises. Also, these values provide insight into the absorbance and scattering properties of the evaluated proteins. Overall, this methodology is capable of providing accurate extinction coefficients useful for development studies.
The influence of hydrogen bonding on partition coefficients
Borges, Nádia Melo; Kenny, Peter W.; Montanari, Carlos A.; Prokopczyk, Igor M.; Ribeiro, Jean F. R.; Rocha, Josmar R.; Sartori, Geraldo Rodrigues
2017-02-01
This Perspective explores how consideration of hydrogen bonding can be used to both predict and better understand partition coefficients. It is shown how polarity of both compounds and substructures can be estimated from measured alkane/water partition coefficients. When polarity is defined in this manner, hydrogen bond donors are typically less polar than hydrogen bond acceptors. Analysis of alkane/water partition coefficients in conjunction with molecular electrostatic potential calculations suggests that aromatic chloro substituents may be less lipophilic than is generally believed and that some of the effect of chloro-substitution stems from making the aromatic π-cloud less available to hydrogen bond donors. Relationships between polarity and calculated hydrogen bond basicity are derived for aromatic nitrogen and carbonyl oxygen. Aligned hydrogen bond acceptors appear to present special challenges for prediction of alkane/water partition coefficients and this may reflect `frustration' of solvation resulting from overlapping hydration spheres. It is also shown how calculated hydrogen bond basicity can be used to model the effect of aromatic aza-substitution on octanol/water partition coefficients.
Wobble friction coefficient in post-stressed concrete
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Diego Ernesto Dueñas Puentes
2010-04-01
Full Text Available This work was aimed at establishing a wobble friction coefficient (K from records regarding some post-stressed bridges built in Colombia. Such records were arranged and analysed together with stress diagrams resulting from the corres-ponding plans, calculations and reports. Suitable records were produced from this review to make the analysis. Once the records had been selected, the probable wobble friction coefficient (K was then calculated for each case and this coefficient was related to the length of the cable and the total area of the strands composing the cable. These records and their results were subsequently grouped according to the type of bridge to produce a wobble friction coefficient (K for each specific structure. The study indicated that the wobble friction coefficient was lower than that indicated by the Colombian Seismic Bridge Design Code, Instituto Nacional De Vías, 1995]. The influence of tensioning equipment, materials and labour suggested a format for recording tensioning to reduce inaccuracy when readings are being taken. A reduction in the costs of tensioning would arise from taking the forgoing into account.
Identifying Bearing Rotordynamic Coefficients using an Extended Kalman Filter
Miller, Bard A.; Howard, Samuel A.
2008-01-01
An Extended Kalman Filter is developed to estimate the linearized direct and indirect stiffness and damping force coefficients for bearings in rotor-dynamic applications from noisy measurements of the shaft displacement in response to imbalance and impact excitation. The bearing properties are modeled as stochastic random variables using a Gauss-Markov model. Noise terms are introduced into the system model to account for all of the estimation error, including modeling errors and uncertainties and the propagation of measurement errors into the parameter estimates. The system model contains two user-defined parameters that can be tuned to improve the filter s performance; these parameters correspond to the covariance of the system and measurement noise variables. The filter is also strongly influenced by the initial values of the states and the error covariance matrix. The filter is demonstrated using numerically simulated data for a rotor-bearing system with two identical bearings, which reduces the number of unknown linear dynamic coefficients to eight. The filter estimates for the direct damping coefficients and all four stiffness coefficients correlated well with actual values, whereas the estimates for the cross-coupled damping coefficients were the least accurate.
Identifying Bearing Rotodynamic Coefficients Using an Extended Kalman Filter
Miller, Brad A.; Howard, Samuel A.
2008-01-01
An Extended Kalman Filter is developed to estimate the linearized direct and indirect stiffness and damping force coefficients for bearings in rotor dynamic applications from noisy measurements of the shaft displacement in response to imbalance and impact excitation. The bearing properties are modeled as stochastic random variables using a Gauss-Markov model. Noise terms are introduced into the system model to account for all of the estimation error, including modeling errors and uncertainties and the propagation of measurement errors into the parameter estimates. The system model contains two user-defined parameters that can be tuned to improve the filter's performance; these parameters correspond to the covariance of the system and measurement noise variables. The filter is also strongly influenced by the initial values of the states and the error covariance matrix. The filter is demonstrated using numerically simulated data for a rotor bearing system with two identical bearings, which reduces the number of unknown linear dynamic coefficients to eight. The filter estimates for the direct damping coefficients and all four stiffness coefficients correlated well with actual values, whereas the estimates for the cross-coupled damping coefficients were the least accurate.
Study of Drag Coefficients in Solar Panel Under Wind Loads
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alejandro López Llanusa
2017-01-01
Full Text Available Due to the geographical situation of Cuba the wind plays an important role in the design of the solar panels. The aim of the research is to evaluate the differences that appear in the support reactions of the panel, due to pressures acting, in correspondence with the implementation of the Cuban standard NC-285: 2003 but varying the pressure coefficient by using standards NBR 6123: 1988, CIRSOC 102, CN-285: 2003, Eurocode 1-4: 2005, ASCE 7-10 and AS-1170.2: 2011. These reactions are also calculat-ed from pressure coefficients obtained by wind tunnel testing on a scale model and coefficients proposed by another international work carried out on a wind tunnel on a similar solar panel. The main conclusions are that: among the standards, the use of the pressure coefficients proposed by the Eurocode 1- 4: 2005 leads to higher values of the support reactions and about the studies on wind tunnel testing, it can be concluded that the use of a total value of pressure coefficient it is not a good approximation to the actual behavior of the pressures on the panel.
Viscosity Coefficient Curve Fits for Ionized Gas Species Grant Palmer
Palmer, Grant; Arnold, James O. (Technical Monitor)
2001-01-01
Viscosity coefficient curve fits for neutral gas species are available from many sources. Many do a good job of reproducing experimental and computational chemistry data. The curve fits are usually expressed as a function of temperature only. This is consistent with the governing equations used to derive an expression for the neutral species viscosity coefficient. Ionized species pose a more complicated problem. They are subject to electrostatic as well as intermolecular forces. The electrostatic forces are affected by a shielding phenomenon where electrons shield the electrostatic forces of positively charged ions beyond a certain distance. The viscosity coefficient for an ionized gas species is a function of both temperature and local electron number density. Currently available curve fits for ionized gas species, such as those presented by Gupta/Yos, are a function of temperature only. What they did was to assume an electron number density. The problem is that the electron number density they assumed was unrealistically high. The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First, the proper expression for determining the viscosity coefficient of an ionized species as a function of both temperature and electron number density will be presented. Then curve fit coefficients will be developed using the more realistic assumption of an equilibrium electron number density. The results will be compared against previous curve fits and against highly accurate computational chemistry data.
The influence of hydrogen bonding on partition coefficients
Borges, Nádia Melo; Kenny, Peter W.; Montanari, Carlos A.; Prokopczyk, Igor M.; Ribeiro, Jean F. R.; Rocha, Josmar R.; Sartori, Geraldo Rodrigues
2017-01-01
This Perspective explores how consideration of hydrogen bonding can be used to both predict and better understand partition coefficients. It is shown how polarity of both compounds and substructures can be estimated from measured alkane/water partition coefficients. When polarity is defined in this manner, hydrogen bond donors are typically less polar than hydrogen bond acceptors. Analysis of alkane/water partition coefficients in conjunction with molecular electrostatic potential calculations suggests that aromatic chloro substituents may be less lipophilic than is generally believed and that some of the effect of chloro-substitution stems from making the aromatic π-cloud less available to hydrogen bond donors. Relationships between polarity and calculated hydrogen bond basicity are derived for aromatic nitrogen and carbonyl oxygen. Aligned hydrogen bond acceptors appear to present special challenges for prediction of alkane/water partition coefficients and this may reflect `frustration' of solvation resulting from overlapping hydration spheres. It is also shown how calculated hydrogen bond basicity can be used to model the effect of aromatic aza-substitution on octanol/water partition coefficients.
Experimental Investigations on the Efficiency Coefficient of Pile Groups
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sara Darsi
2016-06-01
Full Text Available Several factors influence on behavior of piles group such as type of soil, number of piles in the group and the distance between piles. In this paper, using a small laboratory model, the influence of these factors on the behavior of piles group has been examined.For this purpose a group of piles in different distances and variable number of piles was allocated in sand under anpressure axial load. The piles are preferably metal; thus to reduce weight a hollow type has been selected.In order to calculate the coefficient of piles group efficiency, a single pile has been experimented. Experimental observations show that the number of piles in the group and the distances between piles in sand have considerable effect on bearing capacity and the coefficient of pile group efficiency and the coefficient of efficiency in this type of soil have constantly been more than 1 and limited to 1 by increasing the distance between piles.
Distributing Correlation Coefficients of Linear Structure-Activity/Property Models
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sorana D. BOLBOACA
2011-12-01
Full Text Available Quantitative structure-activity/property relationships are mathematical relationships linking chemical structure and activity/property in a quantitative manner. These in silico approaches are frequently used to reduce animal testing and risk-assessment, as well as to increase time- and cost-effectiveness in characterization and identification of active compounds. The aim of our study was to investigate the pattern of correlation coefficients distribution associated to simple linear relationships linking the compounds structure with their activities. A set of the most common ordnance compounds found at naval facilities with a limited data set with a range of toxicities on aquatic ecosystem and a set of seven properties was studied. Statistically significant models were selected and investigated. The probability density function of the correlation coefficients was investigated using a series of possible continuous distribution laws. Almost 48% of the correlation coefficients proved fit Beta distribution, 40% fit Generalized Pareto distribution, and 12% fit Pert distribution.
3D contaminant migration model with consolidation dependent transport coefficients
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Lu Huang; Cheng-Gang Zhao; Yan Liu; Guo-Qing Cai
2012-01-01
Soil consolidation would induce variations of its transport coefficients such as hydraulic conductivity and diffusion coefficient. This paper presents a study of the influence of barrier consolidation on transport coefficients,and a 3D transport model based on mixture theory is proposed for describing the liners that involve circular defects in the geomembrane.The elastoplastic ALPHA model is revised by using the spatially mobilized plane (SMP) criterion for simulating the deformation of the soils.Then,the 3D model coupling the nonlinear consolidation and contaminant advection-diffusion is solved using the finite element software ABAQUS.The results show that the importance of reducing the defect size in the geomembrane and the liner porosity to control the contaminant concentration increase.
Viscosity Coefficients of a Nematic Mixture: Statistical Theory Approach
Terentjev, E. M.; Osipov, M. A.
1991-09-01
A statistical theory of the rotational diffusion of a molecule in a two-component anisotropic mixture is developed, based on the Fokker-Planck approximation for the one-particle orientational distribution function. The friction constant of the molecular rotation is determined from the threeparticle correlation function, which takes into account interactions A-A, A-B, B-A and B-B between two sorts of molecules. The Leslie coefficients obtained possess a complicated dependence on mixture concentration together with a dependence on temperature and the molecular parameters of the components. In particular, the rotational viscosity coefficient γj is proportional to a polynomial of third-order in concentrations cA and cB with coefficients proportional to exp{JAca + JBcB} √(JACA + JB bcB )
Estimating transport coefficients in hot and dense quark matter
Deb, Paramita; Mishra, Hiranmaya
2016-01-01
We compute the transport coefficients-- namely, coefficients of shear and bulk viscosity as well as thermal conductivity for hot and dense quark matter. The calculations are performed within the Nambu Jona Lasinio (NJL) model. The estimation of the transport coefficients is made using a quasi particle approach of solving Boltzmann kinetic equation within the relaxation time approximation. The transition rates are calculated in a manifestly covariant manner to estimate the thermal averaged cross sections for quark quark as well as quark anti-quark scattering. The calculations are performed for finite chemical potential also. Within the parameters of the model, the ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density has a minimum at the Mott transition temperature. At vanishing chemical potential, the ratio of bulk viscosity to entropy density, on the other hand, decrease with temperature with a sharp decrease near the critical temperature and vanishes beyond it. At finite chemical potential, however, it increases slow...
The Study on Pipe Sudden Enlargement Local Resistant Coefficient
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
1999-01-01
During the design of pipeline,the determination of local resistant coefficient is often come arcoss. The sudden enlargement local resistant coefficient ζ1 = [1A1-A2]2 is determined through theory. In the paper,the sudden enlargement local resistant coefficient under the conditions of three kinds of A1-A2 was studied in experi-ment. In the end ,the result shows that ζ1 is related not only to two flow cross sections ,but also to the veloci research ,the relationship between ζ1A1-A2 and V1 was determined. In a word ,the hy-draulic calculation of pipeline can be done by taking correspondent ζ1 ,according to the design velocity V1 and A1/A2.
A flexible coefficient smooth transition time series model.
Medeiros, Marcelo C; Veiga, Alvaro
2005-01-01
In this paper, we consider a flexible smooth transition autoregressive (STAR) model with multiple regimes and multiple transition variables. This formulation can be interpreted as a time varying linear model where the coefficients are the outputs of a single hidden layer feedforward neural network. This proposal has the major advantage of nesting several nonlinear models, such as, the self-exciting threshold autoregressive (SETAR), the autoregressive neural network (AR-NN), and the logistic STAR models. Furthermore, if the neural network is interpreted as a nonparametric universal approximation to any Borel measurable function, our formulation is directly comparable to the functional coefficient autoregressive (FAR) and the single-index coefficient regression models. A model building procedure is developed based on statistical inference arguments. A Monte Carlo experiment showed that the procedure works in small samples, and its performance improves, as it should, in medium size samples. Several real examples are also addressed.
On the misinterpretation of the correlation coefficient in pharmaceutical sciences.
Sonnergaard, J M
2006-09-14
The correlation coefficient is often used and more often misused as a universal parameter expressing the quality in linear regression analysis. The popularity of this dimensionless quantity is evident as it is easy to communicate and considered to be unproblematic to comprehend. However, illustrative examples will demonstrate that the correlation coefficient is highly ineffective as a stand-alone quantity without reference to the number of observations, the pattern of the data and the slope of the regression line. Much more efficient quality methodologies are available where the correct technique depends on the purpose of the investigation. These relevant and precise methods in quality assurance of linear regression as alternative to the correlation coefficient are presented.
Prediction of absorption coefficients by pulsed laser induced photoacoustic measurements.
Priya, Mallika; Satish Rao, B S; Ray, Satadru; Mahato, K K
2014-06-05
In the current study, a pulsed laser induced photoacoustic spectroscopy setup was designed and developed, aiming its application in clinical diagnostics. The setup was optimized with carbon black samples in water and with various tryptophan concentrations at 281nm excitations. The sensitivity of the setup was estimated by determining minimum detectable concentration of tryptophan in water at the same excitation, and was found to be 0.035mM. The photoacoustic experiments were also performed with various tryptophan concentrations at 281nm excitation for predicting optical absorption coefficients in them and for comparing the outcomes with the spectrophotometrically-determined absorption coefficients for the same samples. Absorption coefficients for a few serum samples, obtained from some healthy female volunteers, were also determined through photoacoustic and spectrophotometric measurements at the same excitations, which showed good agreement between them, indicating its clinical implications.
Reducing component estimation for varying coefficient models with longitudinal data
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2008-01-01
Varying-coefficient models with longitudinal observations are very useful in epidemiology and some other practical fields.In this paper,a reducing component procedure is proposed for es- timating the unknown functions and their derivatives in very general models,in which the unknown coefficient functions admit different or the same degrees of smoothness and the covariates can be time- dependent.The asymptotic properties of the estimators,such as consistency,rate of convergence and asymptotic distribution,are derived.The asymptotic results show that the asymptotic variance of the reducing component estimators is smaller than that of the existing estimators when the coefficient functions admit different degrees of smoothness.Finite sample properties of our procedures are studied through Monte Carlo simulations.
Broadband computation of the scattering coefficients of infinite arbitrary cylinders.
Blanchard, Cédric; Guizal, Brahim; Felbacq, Didier
2012-07-01
We employ a time-domain method to compute the near field on a contour enclosing infinitely long cylinders of arbitrary cross section and constitution. We therefore recover the cylindrical Hankel coefficients of the expansion of the field outside the circumscribed circle of the structure. The recovered coefficients enable the wideband analysis of complex systems, e.g., the determination of the radar cross section becomes straightforward. The prescription for constructing such a numerical tool is provided in great detail. The method is validated by computing the scattering coefficients for a homogeneous circular cylinder illuminated by a plane wave, a problem for which an analytical solution exists. Finally, some radiation properties of an optical antenna are examined by employing the proposed technique.
Heart Rate Variability Analysis Using Threshold of Wavelet Package Coefficients
Kheder, G; Massoued, M Ben; Samet, M
2009-01-01
In this paper, a new efficient feature extraction method based on the adaptive threshold of wavelet package coefficients is presented. This paper especially deals with the assessment of autonomic nervous system using the background variation of the signal Heart Rate Variability HRV extracted from the wavelet package coefficients. The application of a wavelet package transform allows us to obtain a time-frequency representation of the signal, which provides better insight in the frequency distribution of the signal with time. A 6 level decomposition of HRV was achieved with db4 as mother wavelet, and the above two bands LF and HF were combined in 12 specialized frequencies sub-bands obtained in wavelet package transform. Features extracted from these coefficients can efficiently represent the characteristics of the original signal. ANOVA statistical test is used for the evaluation of proposed algorithm.
SKEWNESS OF RETURN DISTRIBUTION AND COEFFICIENT OF RISK PREMIUM
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Fenghua WEN; Xiaoguang YANG
2009-01-01
The skewness of the return distribution is one of the important features of the security price. In this paper, the authors try to explore the relationship between the skewness and the coefficient of risk premium. The coefficient of the risk premium is estimated by a GARCH-M model, and the robust measurement of skewness is calculated by Groeneveld-Meeden method. The empirical evidences for the composite indexes from 33 securities markets in the world indicate that the risk compensation requirement in the market where the return distribution is positively skewed is virtually zero, and the risk compensation requirement is positive in a significant level in the market where the return distribution is negative skewed. Moreover, the skewness is negatively correlated with the coefficient of the risk premium.
Interpolation and Convergence of Bernstein-Bézier Coefficients
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Feng Jun LI
2011-01-01
In this paper,two ways of the proof are given for the fact that the Berustein-Bézier coefficients (BB-coefficients) of a multivariate polynomial converge uniformly to the polynomial under repeated degree elevation over the simplex.We show that the partial derivatives of the inverse Bernstein polynomial An(g) converge uniformly to the corresponding partial derivatives of g at the rate 1/n.We also consider multivariate interpolation for the BB-coefficients,and provide effective interpolation formulas by using Bernstein polynomials with ridge form which essentially possess the nature of univariate polynomials in computation,and show that Bernstein polynomials with ridge form with least degree can be constructed for interpolation purpose,and thus a computational algorithm is provided correspondingly.
Anomaly induced transport coefficients, from weak to strong coupling
Pena-Benitez, Francisco
2013-01-01
The existence of new transport phenomena associated to the presence of quantum anomalies has atracted very recently the attention of theorist. These transport coefficient have very interesting properties, for example, they do not renormalize. The most famous case of anomaly induced transport phenomena is the Chiral Magnetic Effect, in which an electric current is produced by a magnetic field if the system has a different number of right handed fermions respect the left handed one. In this thesis we have studied those transport coefficients from Kubo formulas at weak and strong coupling. To finish a fluid/gravity approach is used to compute all the second order anomalous coefficients in an anomalous conformal fluid.
Temperature coefficients in the Dragon low-enriched power reactor
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hansen, U.
1972-05-15
The temperature coefficient of the fuel and of the moderator have been evaluated for the Dragon HTR design for different stages in reactor life, initial core, end of no-refuelling period and equilibrium conditions. The investigation has shown the low-enriched HTR to have a strong, positive moderator coefficient. In some cases and for special operating conditions, even leading to a positive total temperature coefficient. This does not imply, however, that the HTR is an unsafe reactor system. By adequate design of the control system, safe and reliable operating characteristics can be achieved. This has already been proved satisfactory through many years of operation of other graphite moderated systems, such as the Magnox stations.
Measuring the Soret coefficient of nanoparticles in a dilute suspension.
Zhao, Chao; Fu, Jinxin; Oztekin, Alparslan; Cheng, Xuanhong
2014-10-01
Thermophoresis is an efficient process for the manipulation of molecules and nanoparticles due to the strong force it generates on the nanoscale. Thermophoresis is characterized by the Soret coefficient. Conventionally, the Soret coefficient of nanosized species is obtained by fitting the concentration profile under a temperature gradient at the steady state to a continuous phase model. However, when the number density of the target is ultralow and the dispersed species cannot be treated as a continuous phase, the bulk concentration fluctuates spatially, preventing extraction of temperature-gradient induced concentration profile. The present work demonstrates a strategy to tackle this problem by superimposing snapshots of nanoparticle distribution. The resulting image is suitable for the extraction of the Soret coefficient through the conventional data fitting method. The strategy is first tested through a discrete phase model that illustrates the spatial fluctuation of the nanoparticle concentration in a dilute suspension in response to the temperature gradient. By superimposing snapshots of the stochastic distribution, a thermophoretic depletion profile with low standard error is constructed, indicative of the Soret coefficient. Next, confocal analysis of nanoparticle distribution in response to a temperature gradient is performed using polystyrene nanobeads down to 1e-5% (v/v). The experimental results also reveal that superimposing enhances the accuracy of extracted Soret coefficient. The critical particle number density in the superimposed image for predicting the Soret coefficient is hypothesized to depend on the spatial resolution of the image. This study also demonstrates that the discrete phase model is an effective tool to study particle migration under thermophoresis in the liquid phase.
Adaptive DOA Estimation Using a Database of PARCOR Coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mochida Eiji
2006-01-01
Full Text Available An adaptive direction-of-arrival (DOA tracking method based upon a linear predictive model is developed. This method estimates the DOA by using a database that stores PARCOR coefficients as key attributes and the corresponding DOAs as non-key attributes. The -dimensional digital search tree is used as the data structure to allow efficient multidimensional searching. The nearest neighbour to the current PARCOR coefficient is retrieved from the database, and the corresponding DOA is regarded as the estimate. The processing speed is very fast since the DOA estimation is obtained by the multidimensional searching. Simulations are performed to show the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Effect of coking conditions on Rankin coefficient of coke cake
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Arima, T.; Fukuda, K.; Kato, K. [Nippon Steel Corp. Ltd., Futtsu (Japan). Environmental & Process Technology Center
2004-09-01
An innovative cokemaking process, SCOPE21 (Super Coke Oven for Productivity and Environmental enhancement toward the 21st century), has been developed by JISF (The Japan Iron and Steel Federation) and CCUJ (Center for Coal Utilization, Japan). As a cokemaking process, it is important to guarantee safe and stable pushing. Coke pushing behavior was studied by using a pilot-scale coke oven and influence of coking conditions on the Rankin coefficient was investigated. It was found that Rankin coefficient was dependent on lateral shrinkage and fissure density in coke cake and that it can be controlled by controlling the fissure density in SCOPE21 process.
Design of wind turbine airfoils based on maximum power coefficient
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Chen, Jin; Cheng, Jiangtao; Shen, Wenzhong;
2010-01-01
noise prediction model, the previously developed integrated design technique is further developed. The new code takes into account different airfoil requirements according to their local positions on a blade, such as sensitivity to leading edge roughness, design lift at off-design condition, stall......Based on the blade element momentum (BEM) theory, the power coefficient of a wind turbine can be expressed in function of local tip speed ratio and lift-drag ratio. By taking the power coefficient in a predefined range of angle of attack as the final design objective and combining with an airfoil...
Towards the continuum limit in transport coefficient computations
Francis, A; Laine, M; Müller, M; Neuhaus, T; Ohno, H
2013-01-01
The analytic continuation needed for the extraction of transport coefficients necessitates in principle a continuous function of the Euclidean time variable. We report on progress towards achieving the continuum limit for 2-point correlator measurements in thermal SU(3) gauge theory, with specific attention paid to scale setting. In particular, we improve upon the determination of the critical lattice coupling and the critical temperature of pure SU(3) gauge theory, estimating r0*Tc ~ 0.7470(7) after a continuum extrapolation. As an application the determination of the heavy quark momentum diffusion coefficient from a correlator of colour-electric fields attached to a Polyakov loop is discussed.
On the Fourier coefficients of negative index meromorphic Jacobi forms
Bringmann, Kathrin; Zwegers, Sander
2015-01-01
In this paper, we consider the Fourier coefficients of meromorphic Jacobi forms of negative index. This extends recent work of Creutzig and the first two authors for the special case of Kac-Wakimoto characters which occur naturally in Lie theory, and yields, as easy corollaries, many important PDEs arising in combinatorics such as the famous rank-crank PDE of Atkin and Garvan. Moreover, we discuss the relation of our results to partial theta functions and quantum modular forms as introducted by Zagier, which together with previous work on positive index meromorphic Jacobi forms illuminates the general structure of the Fourier coefficients of meromorphic Jacobi forms.
Adhesion coefficient of automobile tire and road surface
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘长生
2008-01-01
The adhesion coefficient of automobile tire and road surface was analyzed and the formula about it was derived.Some suggestions about highway construction,driving safety of the drivers and the judgment of the traffic accidents were presented.The results show that the adhesion coefficient is a function with the extreme value.If there is atmospheric pressure in the tire,the load of the vehicle and the degree of the coarse on the road surface is not selected properly,it will reach the least and affect the safety of the running automobile.
Ionization coefficient approach to modeling breakdown in nonuniform geometries.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Warne, Larry Kevin; Jorgenson, Roy Eberhardt; Nicolaysen, Scott D.
2003-11-01
This report summarizes the work on breakdown modeling in nonuniform geometries by the ionization coefficient approach. Included are: (1) fits to primary and secondary ionization coefficients used in the modeling; (2) analytical test cases for sphere-to-sphere, wire-to-wire, corner, coaxial, and rod-to-plane geometries; a compilation of experimental data with source references; comparisons between code results, test case results, and experimental data. A simple criterion is proposed to differentiate between corona and spark. The effect of a dielectric surface on avalanche growth is examined by means of Monte Carlo simulations. The presence of a clean dry surface does not appear to enhance growth.
Memory Effects and Transport Coefficients for Non-Newtonian Fluids
Kodama, T
2008-01-01
We discuss the roles of viscosity in relativistic fluid dynamics from the point of view of memory effects. Depending on the type of quantity to which the memory effect is applied, different terms appear in higher order corrections. We show that when the memory effect applies on the extensive quantities, the hydrodynamic equations of motion become non-singular. We further discuss the question of memory effect in the derivation of transport coefficients from a microscopic theory. We generalize the application of the Green-Kubo-Nakano (GKN) to calculate transport coefficients in the framework of projection operator formalism, and derive the general formula when the fluid is non-Newtonian.
Visualization of biological texture using correlation coefficient images.
Sviridov, Alexander P; Ulissi, Zachary; Chernomordik, Victor; Hassan, Moinuddin; Gandjbakhche, Amir H
2006-01-01
Subsurface structural features of biological tissue are visualized using polarized light images. The technique of Pearson correlation coefficient analysis is used to reduce blurring of these features by unpolarized backscattered light and to visualize the regions of high statistical similarities within the noisy tissue images. It is shown that under certain conditions, such correlation coefficient maps are determined by the textural character of tissues and not by the chosen region of interest, providing information on tissue structure. As an example, the subsurface texture of a demineralized tooth sample is enhanced from a noisy polarized light image.
Dynamical coefficients for a Josephson vortex in an anisotropic junction
Coffey, Mark W.
2000-05-01
The mass per unit length μ and drag coefficient η for a Josephson vortex moving and aligned parallel to the plane of an anisotropic Josephson junction are calculated. The tilt angle between the vortex direction and the crystal uniaxial directions of the superconducting banks is allowed to vary, so that this type of misalignment of the banks is included. These low-field results are suitable for inclusion in the dynamic mobility of Josephson vortices. These dynamical coefficients should be applicable to the description of the intergrain motion of vortices in polycrystals of high-Tc superconductors. The extension of the approach for the regime of relativistic vortex motion is presented.
Calculation of self-diffusion coefficients in iron
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Baohua Zhang
2014-01-01
Full Text Available On the basis of available P-V-T equation of state of iron, the temperature and pressure dependence of self-diffusion coefficients in iron polymorphs (α, δ, γ and ɛ phases have been successfully reproduced in terms of the bulk elastic and expansivity data by means of a thermodynamical model that interconnects point defects parameters with bulk properties. The calculated diffusion parameters, such as self-diffusion coefficient, activation energy and activation volume over a broad temperature range (500-2500 K and pressure range (0-100 GPa, compare favorably well with experimental or theoretical ones when the uncertainties are considered.
A neural network method to evaluate consolidation coefficient
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2003-01-01
Many methods to calculate the consolidation coefficient of soil depend on judgment of testing curves of consolidation,and the calculation result is influenced by artificial factors. In this work, based on the main principle of back propagation neural network, a neural network model to determine the consolidation coefficient is established. The essence of the method is to simulate a serial of compression ratio and time factor curves because the neural network is able to process the nonlinear problems. It is demonstrated that this BP model has high precision and fast convergence. Such method avoids artificial influence factor successfully and is adapted to computer processing.
Object-based wavelet compression using coefficient selection
Zhao, Lifeng; Kassim, Ashraf A.
1998-12-01
In this paper, we present a novel approach to code image regions of arbitrary shapes. The proposed algorithm combines a coefficient selection scheme with traditional wavelet compression for coding arbitrary regions and uses a shape adaptive embedded zerotree wavelet coding (SA-EZW) to quantize the selected coefficients. Since the shape information is implicitly encoded by the SA-EZW, our decoder can reconstruct the arbitrary region without separate shape coding. This makes the algorithm simple to implement and avoids the problem of contour coding. Our algorithm also provides a sufficient framework to address content-based scalability and improved coding efficiency as described by MPEG-4.
Dynamic ADI methods for elliptic equations with gradient dependent coefficients
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Doss, S.
1977-04-01
The dynamic alternating direction implicit (DADI) methods, previously introduced and applied to elliptic problems with linear and nonlinear coefficients (a(u)), are applied here to elliptic problems with nonlinear gradient-dependent coefficients (a(grad u)), such as the minimal surface equation, the capillary surface equation, and the magnetostatic equation. Certain improvements of these methods are developed, and they are extended to ''3-directional'' or ''3-dimensional'' situations. 28 figures, 6 tables.
Comparison of the Seltzer Coefficient C 1 to Experimental Data
Angeli, I.
2001-03-01
Experimental Coulomb isotope shifts δ E Coul from K α transitions, and radius differences δ eμ measured by electron scattering and muonic atom X-rays were used to derive ‘experimental’ coefficients C 1,exp for 54 isotope pairs of 18 elements from Mo to U. A χ2-analysis shows that these experimental coefficients are - on average - 3.5% lower than the theoretical C 1 values calculated by Seltzer, or more precisely: C 1,exp=0.965(± 0.014)× C 1. The need for more accurate theoretical calculations is stressed, and consequences of this deviation are discussed.
Reflection and transmission coefficients of multiple chiral layers
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
SABAH Cumali; UCKUN Savas
2006-01-01
This paper presents a general analysis of reflection and transmission coefficients of multiple chiral layers in detail. Reflection and transmission coefficients through multiple chiral layers are computed and presented particularly for the incident wave of parallel polarization for a number of cases-a wide range of incidence angle, neigh- boring center frequency and different chirality parameters. Transfer matrix method is used in the analysis. From the numerical results, it can be seen that multiple chiral layers may be used as a polarization-conversion transmission filter and antireflection filter at the frequency band around the central frequency.
Trends in the Isobaric Multiplet Mass Equation Coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
MacCormick Marion
2014-03-01
Full Text Available Isobaric analogue states (IAS can be used to study the charge independence of the nuclear force via first order perturbation theory. In this case the IAS multiplet masses are expected to follow a quadratic form as described by the Isobaric Multiplet Mass Equation (IMME with coefficients accessible through experimental measurements. Higher order effects are expected to appear through cubic, or higher, polynomial terms. The current IMME coefficient trends, as based on the IAS states included in the 2012 Atomic Mass Evaluation and NUBASE2012 are shown.
Partially linear varying coefficient models stratified by a functional covariate
Maity, Arnab
2012-10-01
We consider the problem of estimation in semiparametric varying coefficient models where the covariate modifying the varying coefficients is functional and is modeled nonparametrically. We develop a kernel-based estimator of the nonparametric component and a profiling estimator of the parametric component of the model and derive their asymptotic properties. Specifically, we show the consistency of the nonparametric functional estimates and derive the asymptotic expansion of the estimates of the parametric component. We illustrate the performance of our methodology using a simulation study and a real data application.
BIT LENGTH REPLACEMENT STEGANOGRAPHY BASED ON DCT COEFFICIENTS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
K B Shiva Kumar
2010-08-01
Full Text Available Steganography is a means of establishing secret communication through public channel in an artistic manner. In this paper, we propose Bit Length Replacement Steganography Based on DCT Coefficients (BLSDCT . The cover image is segmented into 8*8 blocks and DCT is applied on each block. The numbers of payload MSB bits are embedded into DCT coefficients of the cover image based on the values of DCT oefficients. It is observed that the proposed algorithm has better PSNR, Security and capacity compared to the existing algorithm.
Estimation of octanol/water partition coefficients using LSER parameters
Luehrs, Dean C.; Hickey, James P.; Godbole, Kalpana A.; Rogers, Tony N.
1998-01-01
The logarithms of octanol/water partition coefficients, logKow, were regressed against the linear solvation energy relationship (LSER) parameters for a training set of 981 diverse organic chemicals. The standard deviation for logKow was 0.49. The regression equation was then used to estimate logKow for a test of 146 chemicals which included pesticides and other diverse polyfunctional compounds. Thus the octanol/water partition coefficient may be estimated by LSER parameters without elaborate software but only moderate accuracy should be expected.
Binomial coefficient-harmonic sum identities associated to supercongruences
McCarthy, Dermot
2012-01-01
We establish two binomial coefficient--generalized harmonic sum identities using the partial fraction decomposition method. These identities are a key ingredient in the proofs of numerous supercongruences. In particular, in other works of the author, they are used to establish modulo $p^k$ ($k>1$) congruences between truncated generalized hypergeometric series, and a function which extends Greene's hypergeometric function over finite fields to the $p$-adic setting. A specialization of one of these congruences is used to prove an outstanding conjecture of Rodriguez-Villegas which relates a truncated generalized hypergeometric series to the $p$-th Fourier coefficient of a particular modular form.
Theoretical assessment of sound absorption coefficient for anisotropic nonwovens
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Klara Kalinova
2012-03-01
Full Text Available The anisotropy factor as a function of fiber arrangement, fiber fineness and sample thickness has been derived from the theories of soundwave transformation due to phase changing. The sound absorption coefficient of the anisotropic fibrous material is then theoretically calculated. The fibrous materials were prepared so that the fibers are arranged parallel (perpendicularly laid fiber web called STRUTO technology in the direction of soundwave propagation or perpendicularly (longitudinally laid fiber web to the direction of sound propagation. The sound absorption coefficient was measured due to the Impedance tube. The theoretical results are in good agreement with experimental findings.
STOCHASTIC LINEAR QUADRATIC OPTIMAL CONTROL PROBLEMS WITH RANDOM COEFFICIENTS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
This paper studies a stochastic linear quadratic optimal control problem (LQ problem, for short), for which the coefficients are allowed to be random and the cost functional is allowed to have a negative weight on the square of the control variable. The authors introduce the stochastic Riccati equation for the LQ problem. This is a backward SDE with a complicated nonlinearity and a singularity. The local solvability of such a backward SDE is established, which by no means is obvious. For the case of deterministic coefficients, some further discussions on the Riccati equations have been carried out. Finally, an illustrative example is presented.
Robustness of the I4 symmetry energy coefficient
Jiang, H.; Cheng, Y. Y.; Wang, N.; Chen, Lie-Wen; Zhao, Y. M.; Arima, A.
2016-12-01
In this paper we investigate the I4 symmetry energy coefficient [I =(N -Z )/A ] extracted from a few popular mass models, and their corresponding databases improved, respectively, by the radial basis function (RBF) approach and the RBF with odd-even corrections. Our results show that the linear correlation between our resultant I4 symmetry energy coefficients (denoted by c4(V )) and the corresponding root-mean-square deviations from experimental masses of these theoretical databases is very robust. Interestingly, the extrapolated values of c4(V ) using the above three versions of databases are consistent with each other.
Xenon tissue/blood partition coefficient for pig urinary bladder
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, K K; Bülow, J; Nielsen, S L
1990-01-01
In four landrace pigs the tissue/blood partition coefficient (lambda) for xenon (Xe) for the urinary bladder was calculated after chemical analysis for lipid, water and protein content and determination of the haematocrit. The coefficients varied from bladder to bladder owing to small differences...... in both the haematocrit and tissue composition. In Xe washout studies of the blood flow of the urinary bladder, we recommend calculating the lambda for Xe from the actual haematocrit and from the median value of tissue composition found in the present study....
Partially Linear Varying Coefficient Models Stratified by a Functional Covariate.
Maity, Arnab; Huang, Jianhua Z
2012-10-01
We consider the problem of estimation in semiparametric varying coefficient models where the covariate modifying the varying coefficients is functional and is modeled nonparametrically. We develop a kernel-based estimator of the nonparametric component and a profiling estimator of the parametric component of the model and derive their asymptotic properties. Specifically, we show the consistency of the nonparametric functional estimates and derive the asymptotic expansion of the estimates of the parametric component. We illustrate the performance of our methodology using a simulation study and a real data application.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Endo, Akira; Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment
1999-12-01
Dose coefficients, the committed effective dose per unit intake, have been calculated for 149 radionuclides with half-lives {>=} 10 min that are not listed in ICRP Publication 68 (Publ. 68). Effective dose rates for inert gas have been calculated for 2 radionuclides. The dose coefficients were calculated with the computer program LUDEP that calculates internal doses using the respiratory tract model of ICRP Publ. 66 and the biokinetic models of Publ. 30. Nuclear decay data used for the calculation were newly compiled from decay data sets of the Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File (ENSDF). In the calculation of the effective dose rates, external irradiation from the surrounding cloud and irradiation of the lung from the gas within it were considered. The calculated results are presented in tables, which are the same forms as those in Publ. 68. The range of the differences in the dose coefficients due to the biokinetic models and nuclear decay data employed was also discussed by comparing the dose coefficients between LUDEP and Publ. 68. The dose coefficients and the effective dose rates will be used for dose calculation for radionuclides produced in high-energy proton accelerator and fusion reactor facilities. (author)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ping Sun; Yu Wang; Xiaoli Mo; Jinghui Xie
2008-01-01
A spatial distribution of diffuse reflectance produced by obliquely incident light is not centered about the point of light entry. The value of shift in the center of diffuse reflectance is directly related to the absorption coefficient μa and the effective attenuation coefficient μeff. μa and the reduced scattering coefficient μ's of human skin tissues in vivo are measured by oblique-incidence reflectometry based on the two-source diffuse theory model. For ten Chinese volunteers aged 15-63 years, μa and μ's are noninvasively determined to be 0.029 - 0.075 and 0.52 - 0.97 mm-1, respectively.
Someswara Rao, Chinta; Viswanadha Raju, S
2016-03-01
In this paper, we consider correlation coefficient, rank correlation coefficient and cosine similarity measures for evaluating similarity between Homo sapiens and monkeys. We used DNA chromosomes of genome wide genes to determine the correlation between the chromosomal content and evolutionary relationship. The similarity among the H. sapiens and monkeys is measured for a total of 210 chromosomes related to 10 species. The similarity measures of these different species show the relationship between the H. sapiens and monkey. This similarity will be helpful at theft identification, maternity identification, disease identification, etc.
Evaluation of complex heat transfer coefficients for passive heating concepts
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bansal, N.K.; Sodha, M.S.; Singh, S.P.; Ram, S.
1987-01-01
Passive heating concepts namely Trombe wall, Water wall and Trans wall have been analysed to obtain overall heat transfer coefficients for average values and for time-dependent variations. The numerical values have been obtained and tabulated for various wall thicknesses.
Load Coefficients on Grates used for Wind Turbine Access Platforms
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Thomas Lykke; Rasmussen, Michael R.; Frigaard, Peter
In this report is presented the results of tests carried out at Dept. of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University (AAU) on behalf of DONG Energy A/S and Vattenfall A/S, Denmark. The objective of the tests was to investigate the load coefficient on different platform grates and a solid plate for desi...
PENGARUH PENGUNGKAPAN CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY TERHADAP EARNING RESPONSE COEFFICIENT
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
MI Mitha Dwi Restuti
2012-03-01
Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh negatif pengungkapan Corporate Sosial Responsibility (CSR disclosure terhadap Earning Response Coefficient (ERC. Alat analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode analisis regresi berganda.Sampel yang digunakan adalah sebanyak 150 perusahaan yang terdaftar pada Bursa Efek Indonesia pada tahun 2010. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ditemukan bahwa pengungkapan Corporate Social Responsibility tidak berpengaruh terhadap Earning Response Coefficient (ERC. Hal ini dapat dikatakan bahwa investor belum memperhatikan informasi-informasi sosial yang diungkapkan dalam laporan tahunan perusahaan sebagai informasi yang dapat mempengaruhi investor dalam melakukan keputusan investasi. Investor masih mengganggap informasi laba lebih bermanfaat dalam menilai perusahaan dan dianggap lebih mampu memberikan informasi untuk mendapatkan return saham yang diharapkan oleh investor dibandingkan dengan informasi sosial yang diungkapkan oleh perusahaan.The purpose of this study is to determine the negative effect of Corporate Social Responsibility disclosure (CSR disclosure of Earnings Response Coefficient (ERC. Multiple regressions were used to analyze the data. The samples were 150 companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2010. Based on the research, the result was the disclosures of Corporate Social Responsibility did not influence Earning Response Coefficient (ECR. It can be said that investors did not pay attention to social information that was disclosed in the companyâ€™s annual report as information that could affect investors in making investment decisions. Investor did not consider sosial information; they only consider profit information to assess the company value and their investment return
n-Alcohol/Water Partition Coefficients for Decachlorobiphenyl (PCB 209)
Measurements of n-octanol/water partition coefficients (Kow) for highly hydrophobic chemicals are extremely difficult and are rarely made, in part due to the large volumes of water typically needed to quantify these compounds in the aqueous phase. An extrapolation approach using ...
Static and dynamic effective stress coefficient of chalk
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Alam, M. Monzurul; Fabricius, Ida Lykke; Christensen, Helle Foged
2012-01-01
Deformation of a hydrocarbon reservoir can ideally be used to estimate the effective stress acting on it. The effective stress in the subsurface is the difference between the stress due to the weight of the sediment and a fraction (effective stress coefficient) of the pore pressure. The effective...... elastic deformation caused by pore pressure buildup, for example, during waterflooding. By contrast, during the increase in differential stress, as in the case of pore pressure depletion due to production, n increases with stress while α decreases.......Deformation of a hydrocarbon reservoir can ideally be used to estimate the effective stress acting on it. The effective stress in the subsurface is the difference between the stress due to the weight of the sediment and a fraction (effective stress coefficient) of the pore pressure. The effective...... stress coefficient is thus relevant for studying reservoir deformation and for evaluating 4D seismic for the correct pore pressure prediction. The static effective stress coefficient n is estimated from mechanical tests and is highly relevant for effective stress prediction because it is directly related...
Melanoidins extinction coefficient in the glucose/glycine Maillard reaction
Martins, S.I.F.S.; Boekel, van M.A.J.S.
2003-01-01
Melanoidins (brown, nitrogenous polymers and co-polymers) are the final products of the Maillard reaction. The glucose/glycine melanoidins extinction coefficient was determined using C-14-labelled glucose at three different reaction conditions. The absorbance was measured at different wavelengths (4
Cubic Polynomials with Real or Complex Coefficients: The Full Picture
Bardell, Nicholas S.
2016-01-01
The cubic polynomial with real coefficients has a rich and interesting history primarily associated with the endeavours of great mathematicians like del Ferro, Tartaglia, Cardano or Vieta who sought a solution for the roots (Katz, 1998; see Chapter 12.3: The Solution of the Cubic Equation). Suffice it to say that since the times of renaissance…
Cohomology of hyperplane complements with group ring coefficients
Davis, Michael W; Leary, Ian J; Okun, Boris
2010-01-01
We compute the cohomology with group ring coefficients of the complement of a finite collection of affine hyperplanes in a finite dimensional complex vector space. It is nonzero in exactly one degree, namely the degree equal to the rank of the hyperplane arrangement.
Musical Instrument Identification using Multiscale Mel-frequency Cepstral Coefficients
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sturm, Bob L.; Morvidone, Marcela; Daudet, Laurent
2010-01-01
We investigate the benefits of evaluating Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs) over several time scales in the context of automatic musical instrument identification for signals that are monophonic but derived from real musical settings. We define several sets of features derived from MFCCs...
On the relations among best approximation and Fourier coefficients
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YU DanSheng; ZHOU Ping; ZHOU SongPing
2008-01-01
We discuss the relations among the best approximation En(f) and the Fourier coefficients {(f)(n) + f(-n)}∞n=0 ∈ MVBVS*,where MVBVS* is the class of the so-called Strong Mean Value Bounded Variation Sequences.
Measurement of heat transfer coefficient using termoanemometry methods
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dančová P.
2014-03-01
Full Text Available This work deals with a measurement of heat transfer from a heated flat plate on which a synthetic jet impacts perpendicularly. Measurement of a heat transfer coefficient (HTC is carried out using the hot wire anemometry method with glue film probe Dantec 55M47. The paper brings also results of velocity profiles measurements and turbulence intensity calculations.
Cup products in Hopf cyclic cohomology with coefficients in contramodules
Rangipour, Bahram
2010-01-01
We use stable anti Yetter-Drinfeld contramodules to improve the cup products in Hopf cyclic cohomology. The improvement fixes the lack of functoriality of the cup products previously defined and show that the cup products are sensitive to the coefficients.
Analysis of the Coupling Coefficient in Inductive Energy Transfer Systems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rafael Mendes Duarte
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In wireless energy transfer systems, the energy is transferred from a power source to an electrical load without the need of physical connections. In this scope, inductive links have been widely studied as a way of implementing these systems. Although high efficiency can be achieved when the system is operating in a static state, it can drastically decrease if changes in the relative position and in the coupling coefficient between the coils occur. In this paper, we analyze the coupling coefficient as a function of the distance between two planar and coaxial coils in wireless energy transfer systems. A simple equation is derived from Neumann’s equation for mutual inductance, which is then used to calculate the coupling coefficient. The coupling coefficient is computed using CST Microwave Studio and compared to calculation and experimental results for two coils with an excitation signal of up to 10 MHz. The results showed that the equation presents good accuracy for geometric parameters that do not lead the solution of the elliptic integral of the first kind to infinity.
Overall mass-transfer coefficients in non-linear chromatography
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mollerup, Jørgen; Hansen, Ernst
1998-01-01
In case of mass transfer where concentration differences in both phases must be taken into account, one may define an over-all mass-transfer coefficient basd on the apparent over-all concentration difference. If the equilibrium relationship is linear, i.e. in cases where a Henry´s law relationshi...
ANALYTIC SOLUTIONS OF MATRIX RICCATI EQUATIONS WITH ANALYTIC COEFFICIENTS
Curtain, Ruth; Rodman, Leiba
2010-01-01
For matrix Riccati equations of platoon-type systems and of systems arising from PDEs, assuming the coefficients are analytic or rational functions in a suitable domain, analyticity of the stabilizing solution is proved under various hypotheses. General results on analytic behavior of stabilizing so
Dissociation and Mass Transfer Coefficients for Ammonia Volatilization Models
Process-based models are being used to predict ammonia emissions from manure sources, but their accuracy has not been fully evaluated for cattle manure. Laboratory trials were conducted to measure the dissociation and mass transfer coefficients for ammonia volatilization from media of buffered ammon...
FUNCTIONAL-COEFFICIENT REGRESSION MODEL AND ITS ESTIMATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
In this paper,a class of functional-coefficient regression models is proposed and an estimation procedure based on the locally weighted least equares is suggested. This class of models,with the proposed estimation method,is a powerful means for exploratory data analysis.
High-Order Dispersion Coefficients for Alkali-metal Atoms
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
KANG Shuai; DING Chi-Kun; CHEN Chang-Yong; WU Xue-Qing
2013-01-01
High-order dispersion coefficients C9,C11,C12,and C13 for the ground-state alkali-metals were calculated by combining the l-dependent model potential of alkali-metal atoms and linear variation method based on B-spline basis functions.The results were compared.
Stationary space-periodic structures with equal diffusion coefficients
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andresen, Peter Ragnar; Bache, Morten; Mosekilde, Erik;
1999-01-01
The paper investigates a chemical reaction-diffusion model in an open flow system. It is shown that such a system may, with particular boundary conditions, exhibit stationary space-periodic structures even in the case of equal diffusion coefficients. This is confirmed through numerical simulations....
Determination of effective thermal expansion coefficients of unidirectional fibrous nanocomposites
Dai, Ming; Schiavone, Peter; Gao, Cun-Fa
2016-10-01
We present an efficient numerical scheme (based on complex variable techniques) to calculate the effective thermal expansion coefficients of a composite containing unidirectional periodic fibers. Moreover, the mechanical behavior of the fibers incorporates interface effects allowing the ensuing analytical model of the composite to accommodate deformations at the nanoscale. The resulting `nanocomposite' is subjected to a uniform temperature variation which leads to periodic deformations within the plane perpendicular to the fibers and uniform deformations along the direction of the fibers. These deformation fields are determined by analyzing a representative unit cell of the composite subsequently leading to the corresponding effective thermal expansion coefficients. Numerical results are illustrated via several physical examples. We find that the influence of interface effects on the effective thermal expansion coefficients (in particular that corresponding to the transverse direction in the plane perpendicular to the fibers) decays rapidly as the fibers become harder. In addition, by comparing the results obtained here with those from effective medium theories, we show that the latter may induce significant errors in the determination of the effective transverse thermal expansion coefficient when the fibers are much softer than the matrix and the fiber volume fraction is relatively high.
Computer Map Typing - Optimizing the Correlation Coefficient Threshold,
the procedures which would be employed in the preparation of each catalog. This paper addresses only one of these questions; ’What correlation ... coefficient threshold provides the best of map types.’ The choice of an appropriate threshold value is, at best, a compromise. This paper shows that a
A comparison of two indices for the intraclass correlation coefficient.
Shieh, Gwowen
2012-12-01
In the present study, we examined the behavior of two indices for measuring the intraclass correlation in the one-way random effects model: the prevailing ICC(1) (Fisher, 1938) and the corrected eta-squared (Bliese & Halverson, 1998). These two procedures differ both in their methods of estimating the variance components that define the intraclass correlation coefficient and in their performance of bias and mean squared error in the estimation of the intraclass correlation coefficient. In contrast with the natural unbiased principle used to construct ICC(1), in the present study it was analytically shown that the corrected eta-squared estimator is identical to the maximum likelihood estimator and the pairwise estimator under equal group sizes. Moreover, the empirical results obtained from the present Monte Carlo simulation study across various group structures revealed the mutual dominance relationship between their truncated versions for negative values. The corrected eta-squared estimator performs better than the ICC(1) estimator when the underlying population intraclass correlation coefficient is small. Conversely, ICC(1) has a clear advantage over the corrected eta-squared for medium and large magnitudes of population intraclass correlation coefficient. The conceptual description and numerical investigation provide guidelines to help researchers choose between the two indices for more accurate reliability analysis in multilevel research.
Highlighting material structure with transmission electron diffraction correlation coefficient maps.
Kiss, Ákos K; Rauch, Edgar F; Lábár, János L
2016-04-01
Correlation coefficient maps are constructed by computing the differences between neighboring diffraction patterns collected in a transmission electron microscope in scanning mode. The maps are shown to highlight material structural features like grain boundaries, second phase particles or dislocations. The inclination of the inner crystal interfaces are directly deduced from the resulting contrast.
Simplified Models for the Drag Coefficient of a Pitched Baseball
Kagan, David; Nathan, Alan M.
2014-01-01
The classic experiment to measure the drag coefficient involves dropping coffee filters. Wouldn't it be more fun to try something different? In fact, an experiment on the drag force is conducted nearly 4000 times a day during the baseball season and you have free access to this PITCHf/x data!
A Study of Eddy Viscosity Coefficient in Numerical Tidal Simulation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈永平; 雷智益
2001-01-01
Based on the fluid motion equations, the physical meaning of eddy viscosity coefficient and the rationality of theBoussinesq hypothesis are discussed in this paper. The effect of the coefficient on numerical stability is analyzed briefly.A semi-enclosed rectangular sea area, with an orthogonal spur dike, is applied in a 2-D numerical model to study the effect of horizontal eddy viscosity coefficient (AH). The computed result shows that AH has little influence on the tidal level and averaged flow velocity, but has obvious influence on the intensity and the range of return flow around near thespur dike. Correspondingly, a wind-driven current pool and an annular current are applied in a 3-D numerical modelrespectively to study the effect of vertical eddy viscosity coefficient (AV). The computed result shows that the absolute value of AV is inversely proportional to that of horizontal velocity, and the vertical gradient value of AV determines the ver-tical distribution of horizontal velocity. The distribution form of AV is theoretically recommended as a parabolic type, ofwhich the maximum value appears at 0.5 H.
Gas-Liquid Mass Transfer Coefficient in Stirred Tank Reactors
Yawalkar, Archis A.; Heesink, Albertus B.M.; Versteeg, Geert F.; Pangarkar, Vishwas G.
2002-01-01
Volumetric gas—liquid mass transfer coefficient (kLa) data available in the literature for larger tanks (T = 0.39 m to 2.7 m) have been analyzed on the basis of relative dispersion parameter, N/Ncd. It was observed that at a given superficial gas velocity (VG), kLa values were approximately the same
Gas–Liquid Mass Transfer Coefficient in Stirred Tank Reactors
Yawalkar, Archis A.; Heesink, Albertus B.M.; Versteeg, Geert F.; Pangarkar, Vishwas G.
2002-01-01
Volumetric gas–liquid mass transfer coefficient (kLa) data available in the literature for larger tanks (T = 0.39 m to 2.7 m) have been analyzed on the basis of relative dispersion parameter, N/Ncd. It was observed that at a given superficial gas velocity (VG), kLa values were approximately the same
Gamma ray attenuation coefficient measurement for neutron-absorbent materials
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jalali, Majid [Isfahan Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRT), Reactor and Accelerators Research and Development School, Atomic Energy Organization (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: m_jalali@entc.org.ir; Mohammadi, Ali [Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, University of Kashan, Km. 6, Ravand Road, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2008-05-15
The compounds Na{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}, H{sub 3}BO{sub 3}, CdCl{sub 2} and NaCl and their solutions attenuate gamma rays in addition to neutron absorption. These compounds are widely used in the shielding of neutron sources, reactor control and neutron converters. Mass attenuation coefficients of gamma related to the four compounds aforementioned, in energies 662, 778.9, 867.38, 964.1, 1085.9, 1173, 1212.9, 1299.1,1332 and 1408 keV, have been determined by the {gamma} rays transmission method in a good geometry setup; also, these coefficients were calculated by MCNP code. A comparison between experiments, simulations and Xcom code has shown that the study has potential application for determining the attenuation coefficient of various compound materials. Experiment and computation show that H{sub 3}BO{sub 3} with the lowest average Z has the highest gamma ray attenuation coefficient among the aforementioned compounds.
Friction analysis of kinetic schemes : the friction coefficient
Lolkema, Juke S.
1995-01-01
Friction analysis is proposed as the application of general control analysis to single enzymes to describe the control of elementary kinetic steps on the overall catalytic rate. For each transition, a friction coefficient is defined that measures the sensitivity of the turnover rate to the free ener
FRICTION ANALYSIS OF KINETIC SCHEMES - THE FRICTION COEFFICIENT
LOLKEMA, JS
1995-01-01
Friction analysis is proposed as the application of general control analysis to single enzymes to describe the control of elementary kinetic steps on the overall catalytic rate. For each transition, a friction coefficient is defined that measures the sensitivity of the turnover rate to the free ener
Adaptive Finite Element Methods for Elliptic Problems with Discontinuous Coefficients
Bonito, Andrea
2013-01-01
Elliptic PDEs with discontinuous diffusion coefficients occur in application domains such as diffusions through porous media, electromagnetic field propagation on heterogeneous media, and diffusion processes on rough surfaces. The standard approach to numerically treating such problems using finite element methods is to assume that the discontinuities lie on the boundaries of the cells in the initial triangulation. However, this does not match applications where discontinuities occur on curves, surfaces, or manifolds, and could even be unknown beforehand. One of the obstacles to treating such discontinuity problems is that the usual perturbation theory for elliptic PDEs assumes bounds for the distortion of the coefficients in the L∞ norm and this in turn requires that the discontinuities are matched exactly when the coefficients are approximated. We present a new approach based on distortion of the coefficients in an Lq norm with q < ∞ which therefore does not require the exact matching of the discontinuities. We then use this new distortion theory to formulate new adaptive finite element methods (AFEMs) for such discontinuity problems. We show that such AFEMs are optimal in the sense of distortion versus number of computations, and report insightful numerical results supporting our analysis. © 2013 Societ y for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
Lifshitz Tails for the Interband Light Absorption Coefficient
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
W Kirsch; M Krishna
2010-09-01
In this paper we consider the interband light absorption coefficient (ILAC) for various models. We show that at the lower and upper edges of the spectrum the Lifshitz tails behaviour of the density of states implies similar behaviour for the ILAC at appropriate energies. The Lifshitz tails property is also exhibited at some points corresponding to the internal band edges of the spectrum.
Measurement and calculation of PZT thin film longitudinal piezoelectric coefficients.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Christman, J. A.; Kim, S.-H.; Kingon, A. I.; Maiwa, H.; Maria, J.-P.; Streiffer, S. K.
1999-04-26
The ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of 2000 {angstrom} thick chemical solution deposited Pb(Zr{sub x}Ti{sub 1{minus}x})O{sub 3} (PZT) thin films were investigated. Several Zr/Ti ratios were studied: 30/70, 50/50 and 65/35, which correspond to tetragonal, near-morphotropic, and rhombohedral symmetries. In all samples, a {l_brace}111{r_brace}-texture is predominant. Longitudinal piezoelectric coefficients and their dc field dependence were measured using the contact AFM method. The expected trend of a maximum piezoelectric coefficient at or near to the MPB was not observed. The composition dependence was small, with the maximum d{sub 33} occurring in the tetragonal material. To explain the results, crystallographic texture and film thickness effects are suggested. Using a modified phenomenological approach, derived electrostrictive coefficients, and experimental data, d{sub 33} values were calculated. Qualitative agreement was observed between the measured and calculated coefficients. Justifications of modifications to the calculations are discussed.
Least squares estimation in a simple random coefficient autoregressive model
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Johansen, Søren; Lange, Theis
2013-01-01
The question we discuss is whether a simple random coefficient autoregressive model with infinite variance can create the long swings, or persistence, which are observed in many macroeconomic variables. The model is defined by yt=stρyt−1+εt,t=1,…,n, where st is an i.i.d. binary variable with p=P(...
Temperature and Coefficient of Restitution of a Table Tennis Ball
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yoonyoung Chang
2016-01-01
Full Text Available The coefficient of restitution (COR of a bouncing table tennis ball was measured at varying ball temperatures with a Motion Detector. It was found that there is a negative linear relationship between the COR and the temperature of the table tennis ball for temperatures ranging from 5 to 56 ̊C.
A correlation for heat transfer coefficients in food extruders.
Levine, L; Rockwood, J
1986-06-01
A dimensionless correlation of heat transfer coefficient for heat flow between the extruder barrel wall and extrudate is presented. The standard error of estimate of the correlation is 12.4%. The correlation is useful for the design and scale-up of food extruders and the design of associated temperature control systems.
SOME ASPECTS OF MOTOR CAR COERCION COEFFICIENT DETERMINATION
О. Denysenko; A. Filimonova
2010-01-01
A short review of motor car coercion coefficient determination is presented. The models designed for the determination of motor car queues time intervals at the stop line is presented. The estimation of modeling results according to experimental data is carried out.
Transport coefficients for rigid spherically symmetric polymers or aggregates
Strating, P.; Wiegel, F.W.
1994-01-01
In this paper we investigate the transport properties for rigid spherically symmetric macromolecules, having a segment density distribution falling off as r- lambda . We calculate the rotational and translational diffusion coefficient for a spherically symmetric polymer and the shear viscosity for a
Measurement of the convective heat-transfer coefficient
Conti, Rosaria; Fiordilino, Emilio
2014-01-01
We propose an experiment for investigating how objects cool down toward the thermal equilibrium with its surrounding through convection. We describe the time dependence of the temperature difference of the cooling object and the environment with an exponential decay function. By measuring the thermal constant tau, we determine the convective heat-transfer coefficient, which is a characteristic constant of the convection system.
A novel method for measuring polymer-water partition coefficients.
Zhu, Tengyi; Jafvert, Chad T; Fu, Dafang; Hu, Yue
2015-11-01
Low density polyethylene (LDPE) often is used as the sorbent material in passive sampling devices to estimate the average temporal chemical concentration in water bodies or sediment pore water. To calculate water phase chemical concentrations from LDPE concentrations accurately, it is necessary to know the LDPE-water partition coefficients (KPE-w) of the chemicals of interest. However, even moderately hydrophobic chemicals have large KPE-w values, making direct measurement experimentally difficult. In this study we evaluated a simple three phase system from which KPE-w can be determined easily and accurately. In the method, chemical equilibrium distribution between LDPE and a surfactant micelle pseudo-phase is measured, with the ratio of these concentrations equal to the LDPE-micelle partition coefficient (KPE-mic). By employing sufficient mass of polymer and surfactant (Brij 30), the mass of chemical in the water phase remains negligible, albeit in equilibrium. In parallel, the micelle-water partition coefficient (Kmic-w) is determined experimentally. KPE-w is the product of KPE-mic and Kmic-w. The method was applied to measure values of KPE-w for 17 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, 37 polychlorinated biphenyls, and 9 polybrominated diphenylethers. These values were compared to literature values. Mass fraction-based chemical activity coefficients (γ) were determined in each phase and showed that for each chemical, the micelles and LDPE had nearly identical affinity.
Estimation of high temperature metal-silicate partition coefficients
Jones, John H.; Capobianco, Christopher J.; Drake, Michael J.
1992-01-01
It has been known for some time that abundances of siderophile elements in the upper mantle of the Earth are far in excess of those expected from equilibrium between metal and silicate at low pressures and temperatures. Murthy (1991) has re-examined this excess of siderophile element problem by estimating liquid metal/liquid silicate partition coefficients reduces from their measured values at a lower temperature, implying that siderophile elements become much less siderophilic at high temperatures. Murthy then draws the important conclusion that metal/silicate equilibrium at high temperatures can account for the abundances of siderophile elements in the Earth's mantle. Of course, his conclusion is critically dependent on the small values of the partition coefficients he calculates. Because the numerical values of most experimentally-determined partition coefficients increase with increasing temperature at both constant oxygen fugacity and at constant redox buffer, we think it is important to try an alternative extrapolation for comparison. We have computed high temperature metal/silicate partition coefficients under a different set of assumptions and show that such long temperature extrapolations yield values which are critically dependent upon the presumed chemical behavior of the siderophile elements in the system.
Hydrophobicity and Retention Coefficient of Selected Bile Acid Oxo Derivatives
Posa, Mihalj; Pilipovic, Ana; Lalic, Mladena; Popovic, Jovan
2010-01-01
Retention coefficients (k) of cholic acid and its keto derivatives are determined by means of Reversed Phase High Pressure Liquid Chromatography at different temperatures (303K, 309K, and 313K). At each studied temperature, retention factor decreases if the hydroxyl group in the cholic acid molecule
SOME ASPECTS OF MOTOR CAR COERCION COEFFICIENT DETERMINATION
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
О. Denysenko
2010-01-01
Full Text Available A short review of motor car coercion coefficient determination is presented. The models designed for the determination of motor car queues time intervals at the stop line is presented. The estimation of modeling results according to experimental data is carried out.
A new method of solving the coefficient inverse problem
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2007-01-01
This paper is concerned with the new method for solving the coefficient inverse problem in the reproducing kernel space. It is different from the previous studies. This method gives accurate results and shows that it is valid by the numerical example.
A Note on a Geometric Interpretation of the Correlation Coefficient.
Marks, Edmond
1982-01-01
An alternate geometric interpretation of the correlation coefficient to that given in most statistics texts for psychology and education is presented. This interpretation is considered to be more consistent with the statistical model for the data, and richer in geometric meaning. (Author)
THE BOREL DIRECTIONS OF ALGEBROIDAL FUNCTION AND ITS COEFFICIENT FUNCTIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张少华; 张晓梅; 孙道椿
2014-01-01
In this article, the relationship between the Borel direction of algebroidal function and its coefficient functions is studied for the first time. To begin with, several theorems of algebroidal functions in unit disk are proved. By these theorems, some interesting conclusions are obtained.
Regression Models for Predicting Force Coefficients of Aerofoils
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mohammed ABDUL AKBAR
2015-09-01
Full Text Available Renewable sources of energy are attractive and advantageous in a lot of different ways. Among the renewable energy sources, wind energy is the fastest growing type. Among wind energy converters, Vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs have received renewed interest in the past decade due to some of the advantages they possess over their horizontal axis counterparts. VAWTs have evolved into complex 3-D shapes. A key component in predicting the output of VAWTs through analytical studies is obtaining the values of lift and drag coefficients which is a function of shape of the aerofoil, ‘angle of attack’ of wind and Reynolds’s number of flow. Sandia National Laboratories have carried out extensive experiments on aerofoils for the Reynolds number in the range of those experienced by VAWTs. The volume of experimental data thus obtained is huge. The current paper discusses three Regression analysis models developed wherein lift and drag coefficients can be found out using simple formula without having to deal with the bulk of the data. Drag coefficients and Lift coefficients were being successfully estimated by regression models with R2 values as high as 0.98.
Onsager coefficients for binary mixture diffusion in nanopores
Krishna, R.; van Baten, J.M.
2008-01-01
This paper presents a critical appraisal of current estimation methods for the Onsager coefficients L-11, L-22, and L-12 for binary mixture diffusion inside nanopores using pure component diffusivity data inputs. The appraisal is based on extensive sets of molecular dynamics (MD) simulation data on
On the misinterpretation of the correlation coefficient in pharmaceutical sciences
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sonnergaard, Jørn
2006-01-01
The correlation coefficient is often used and more often misused as a universal parameter expressing the quality in linear regression analysis. The popularity of this dimensionless quantity is evident as it is easy to communicate and considered to be unproblematic to comprehend. However, illustra...
Methodology update for determination of the erosion coefficient(Z
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tošić Radislav
2012-01-01
Full Text Available The research and mapping the intensity of mechanical water erosion that have begun with the empirical methodology of S. Gavrilović during the mid-twentieth century last, by various intensity, until the present time. A many decades work on the research of these issues pointed to some shortcomings of the existing methodology, and thus the need for its innovation. In this sense, R. Lazarević made certain adjustments of the empirical methodology of S. Gavrilović by changing the tables for determination of the coefficients Φ, X and Y, that is, the tables for determining the mean erosion coefficient (Z. The main objective of this paper is to update the existing methodology for determining the erosion coefficient (Z with the empirical methodology of S. Gavrilović and amendments made by R. Lazarević (1985, but also with better adjustments to the information technologies and the needs of modern society. The proposed procedure, that is, the model to determine the erosion coefficient (Z in this paper is the result of ten years of scientific research and project work in mapping the intensity of mechanical water erosion and its modeling using various models of erosion in the Republic of Srpska and Serbia. By analyzing the correlation of results obtained by regression models and results obtained during the mapping of erosion on the territory of the Republic of Srpska, a high degree of correlation (R² = 0.9963 was established, which is essentially a good assessment of the proposed models.
Redox Couples with Unequal Diffusion Coefficients: Effect on Redox Cycling
Mampallil Augustine, Dileep; Mathwig, Klaus; Kang, Shuo; Lemay, Serge G.
2013-01-01
Redox cycling between two electrodes separated by a narrow gap allows dramatic amplification of the faradaic current. Unlike conventional electrochemistry at a single electrode, however, the mass-transport-limited current is controlled by the diffusion coefficient of both the reduced and oxidized fo
Consumptive Water Use and Crop Coefficients of Irrigated Sunflower
In semi-arid environments, the use of irrigation is necessary for sunflower production to reach its maximum potential. The aim of this study was to quantify the consumptive water use and crop coefficients of irrigated sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) without soil water limitations during two growing...
Conversion coefficients for determining organ doses in paediatric spine radiography
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Seidenbusch, Michael; Schneider, Karl [Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Institute of Clinical Radiology - Paediatric Radiology, Muenchen (Germany)
2014-04-15
Knowledge of organ and effective doses achieved during paediatric x-ray examinations is an important prerequisite for assessment of radiation burden to the patient. Conversion coefficients for reconstruction of organ and effective doses from entrance doses for segmental spine radiographs of 0-, 1-, 5-, 10-, 15- and 30-year-old patients are provided regarding the Guidelines of Good Radiographic Technique of the European Commission. Using the personal computer program PCXMC developed by the Finnish Centre for Radiation and Nuclear Safety (Saeteilyturvakeskus STUK), conversion coefficients for conventional segmental spine radiographs were calculated performing Monte Carlo simulations in mathematical hermaphrodite phantom models describing patients of different ages. The clinical variation of beam collimation was taken into consideration by defining optimal and suboptimal radiation field settings. Conversion coefficients for the reconstruction of organ doses in about 40 organs and tissues from measured entrance doses during cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine radiographs of 0-, 1-, 5-, 10-, 15- and 30-year-old patients were calculated for the standard sagittal and lateral beam projections and the standard focus detector distance of 115 cm. The conversion coefficients presented may be used for organ dose assessments from entrance doses measured during spine radiographs of patients of all age groups and all field settings within the optimal and suboptimal standard field settings. (orig.)
Inelastic Neutron Scattering and Separation Coefficient of Absorbed Hydrogen
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Silvera, I. F.; Nielsen, Mourits
1976-01-01
Inelastic neutron scattering and measurement of the ortho-para separation coefficient have been used to study the low lying rotational states of molecular hydrogen adsorbed on activated alumina. The observations are consistent with a picture in which the orientational motion of the molecules...
Conformal anomaly c-coefficients of superconformal 6d theories
Beccaria, Matteo
2015-01-01
We propose general relations between the conformal anomaly and the chiral (R-symmetry and gravitational) anomaly coefficients in 6d (1,0) superconformal theories. The suggested expressions for the three type B conformal anomaly c-coefficients complement the expression for the type A anomaly a-coefficient found in arXiv:1506.03807. We check them on several examples -- the standard (1,0) hyper and tensor multiplets as well as some higher derivative short multiplets containing vector fields that generalize the superconformal 6d vector multiplet discussed in arXiv:1506.08727. We also consider a family of higher derivative superconformal (2,0) 6d multiplets associated to 7d multiplets in the KK spectrum of 11d supergravity compactified on S^4. In particular, we prove that (2,0) 6d conformal supergravity coupled to 26 tensor multiplets is free of all chiral and conformal anomalies. We discuss some interacting (1,0) superconformal theories, predicting the c-coefficients for the "E-string" theory on multiple M5-brane...
Coefficient of variation in flow cytometry of phagocytosis.
Fujikawa-Yamamoto, K; Odashima, S
1987-01-01
Fluorescence histograms of V79 Chinese hamster lung cells containing phagocytized fluorescent microspheres were measured by flow cytometry. In the fluorescence histograms, the coefficient of variation (CV) of the peak for cells ingesting microspheres was not constant. Rather, it decreased with the number of microspheres ingested by the cells.
Polymer-water partition coefficients in polymeric passive samplers.
Asgarpour Khansary, Milad; Shirazian, Saeed; Asadollahzadeh, Mehdi
2017-01-01
Passive samplers are of the most applied methods and tools for measuring concentration of hydrophobic organic compounds in water (c 1(W) ) in which the polymer-water partition coefficients (D) are of fundamental importance for reliability of measurements. Due to the cost and time associated with the experimental researches, development of a predictive method for estimation and evaluation of performance of polymeric passive samplers for various hydrophobic organic compounds is highly needed and valuable. For this purpose, in this work, following the fundamental chemical thermodynamic equations governing the concerned local equilibrium, successful attempts were made to establish a theoretical model of polymer-water partition coefficients. Flory-Huggins model based on the Hansen solubility parameters was used for calculation of activity coefficients. The method was examined for reliability of calculations using collected data of three polymeric passive samplers and ten compounds. A regression model of form ln(D) = 0.707ln(c 1(p) ) - 2.7391 with an R (2) = 0.9744 was obtained to relate the polymer-water partition coefficients (D) and concentration of hydrophobic organic compounds in passive sampler (c 1(p) ). It was also found that polymer-water partition coefficients are related to the concentration of hydrophobic organic compounds in water (c 1(W) ) as ln(D) = 2.412ln(c 1(p) ) - 9.348. Based on the results, the tie lines of concentration for hydrophobic organic compounds in passive sampler (c 1(p) ) and concentration of hydrophobic organic compounds in water (c 1(W) ) are in the form of ln(c 1(W) ) = 0.293ln(c 1(p) ) + 2.734. The composition of water sample and the interaction parameters of dissolved compound-water and dissolved compound-polymer, temperature, etc. actively influence the values of partition coefficient. The discrepancy observed over experimental data can be simply justified based on the local condition of sampling sites which alter
Estimation of the fourth-order dispersion coefficient β4
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jing Huang; Jianquan Yao
2012-01-01
The fourth-order dispersion coefficient of fibers are estimated by the iterations around the third-order dispersion and the high-order nonlinear items in the nonlinear Schordinger equation solved by Green's function approach.Our theoretical evaluation demonstrates that the fourth-order dispersion coefficient slightly varies with distance.The fibers also record β4 values of about 0.002,0.003,and 0.00032 ps4/km for SMF,NZDSF and DCF,respectively.In the zero-dispersion regime,the high-order nonlinear effect (higher than self-steepening) has a strong impact on the transmitted short pulse.This red-shifts accelerates the symmetrical split of the pulse,although this effect is degraded rapidly with the increase of β2.Thus,the contributions to β4 of SMF,NZDSF,and DCF can be neglected.
Gas Damping Coefficient Research for MEMS Comb Linear Vibration Gyroscope
Qiufen, G; Feng, S; Fuqiang, L
2008-01-01
Silicon-MEMS gyroscope is an important part of MEMS (Micro Electrical Mechanical System). There are some disturb ignored in traditional gyroscope that must be evaluated newly because of its smaller size (reach the level of micron). In these disturb, the air pressure largely influences the performance of MEMS gyroscope. Different air pressure causes different gas damping coefficient for the MEMS comb linear vibration gyroscope and different gas damping coefficient influences the quality factor of the gyroscope directive. The quality factor influences the dynamic working bandwidth of the MEMS comb linear vibration gyroscope, so it is influences the output characteristic of the MEMS comb linear vibration gyroscope. The paper shows the relationship between the air pressure and the output amplified and phase of the detecting axis through analyzing the air pressure influence on the MEMS comb linear vibration gyroscope. It discusses the influence on the frequency distribute and quality factor of the MEMS comb linear...
Energy Balance of Friction and Friction Coefficient in Energetical Interpretation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S.V. Fedorov
2015-09-01
Full Text Available Sliding friction energy model is proposed. In this model, generalized mechanism of transformation and dissipation of energy under friction the model of elastic-plastic deformation and fracture contact volumes is considered. Energy model of the process of plastic deformation and destruction of solid bodies is based on the concept of ergodynamic of deformable bodies. Equations of energy balance of friction within the structural and energetic interpretation of deformation are proposed. The energy interpretation of the coefficient of friction is showed. From this position the friction coefficient is the most informative characteristic of the process. Experimental friction curves have been generalized. As a result of the energy analysis of friction, the energy diagram of the structural evolution of the friction surfaces is suggested.
Water sorption and diffusion coefficient through an experimental dental resin.
Costella, A M; Trochmann, J L; Oliveira, W S
2010-01-01
Polymeric composites have been widely used as dental restorative materials. A fundamental knowledge and understanding of the behavior of these materials in the oral cavity is essential to improve their properties and performance. In this paper we computed the data set of water absorption through an experimental dental resin blend using specimen discs of different thicknesses to estimate the diffusion coefficient. The resins were produced using Bisphenol A glycol dimethacrylate, Bisphenol A ethoxylated dimethacrylate and Triethylene glycol dimethacrylate monomers. The water sorption test method was based on International Standard ISO 4049 "Dentistry-Polymer-based filling materials". Results show a diffusion coefficient around 6.38 x 10(-8) cm(2)/s, within a variance of 0.01%, which is in good agreement with the values reported in the literature and represents a very suitable value.
Onsager coefficients of a finite-time Carnot cycle.
Izumida, Yuki; Okuda, Koji
2009-08-01
We study a finite-time Carnot cycle of a weakly interacting gas which we can regard as a nearly ideal gas in the limit of T(h)-T(c) --> 0 where T(h) and T(c) are the temperatures of the hot and cold heat reservoirs, respectively. In this limit, we can assume that the cycle is working in the linear-response regime and can calculate the Onsager coefficients of this cycle analytically using the elementary molecular kinetic theory. We reveal that these Onsager coefficients satisfy the so-called tight-coupling condition and this fact explains why the efficiency at the maximal power eta(max) of this cycle can attain the Curzon-Ahlborn efficiency from the viewpoint of the linear-response theory.
Comprehensive analysis of the optical Kerr coefficient of graphene
Soh, Daniel B. S.; Hamerly, Ryan; Mabuchi, Hideo
2016-08-01
We present a comprehensive analysis of the nonlinear optical Kerr effect in graphene. We directly solve the S -matrix element to calculate the absorption rate, utilizing the Volkov-Keldysh-type crystal wave functions. We then convert to the nonlinear refractive index coefficients through the Kramers-Kronig relation. In this formalism, the source of Kerr nonlinearity is the interplay of optical fields that cooperatively drive the transition from valence to conduction band. This formalism makes it possible to identify and compute the rates of distinct nonlinear processes that contribute to the Kerr nonlinear refractive index coefficient. The four identified mechanisms are two-photon absorption, Raman transition, self-coupling, and quadratic ac Stark effect. We also present a comparison of our theory with recent experimental and theoretical results.
Investigation of CNTFET Performance with Gate Control Coefficient Effect
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S.A. Khan
2014-06-01
Full Text Available For the first time, a deep study of gate control coefficient (αG effect on CNTFET performance has done in this research. A new, analytical CNTFET simulation along with multiple parameter approach has executed with 3D output in MATLAB and that used it to examine device performance. It is found that, drain current and transconductance increases with high gate control coefficient. On the other hand, total capacitance decreases with high αG value resulting improved charging energy. Likewise, drain induced barrier lowering (DIBL decreases with αG that provides less deviation from ideal device performance. Finally, subthreshold swing comes very close to the theoretical limit at high αG which is desired for low threshold voltage and low-power operation for FETs scaled down to small sizes.
NUMERICAL PREDICTION OF SUBMARINE HYDRODYNAMIC COEFFICIENTS USING CFD SIMULATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
PAN Yu-cun; ZHANG Huai-xin; ZHOU Qi-dou
2012-01-01
The submarine Hydrodynamic coefficients are predicted by numerical simulations.Steady and unsteady Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations are carried out to numerically simulate the oblique towing experiment and the Planar Motion Mechanism (PMM) experiment performed on the SUBOFF submarine model.The dynamic mesh method is adopted to simulate the maneuvering motions of pure heaving,pure swaying,pure pitching and pure yawing.The hydrodynamic forces and moments acting on the maneuvering submarine are obtained.Consequently,by analyzing these results,the hydrodynamic coefficients of the submarine maneuvering motions can be determined.The computational results are verified by comparison with experimental data,which show that this method can be used to estimate the hydrodynamic derivatives of a fully appended submarine.
Simple deterministic dynamical systems with fractal diffusion coefficients
Klages, R
1999-01-01
We analyze a simple model of deterministic diffusion. The model consists of a one-dimensional periodic array of scatterers in which point particles move from cell to cell as defined by a piecewise linear map. The microscopic chaotic scattering process of the map can be changed by a control parameter. This induces a parameter dependence for the macroscopic diffusion coefficient. We calculate the diffusion coefficent and the largest eigenmodes of the system by using Markov partitions and by solving the eigenvalue problems of respective topological transition matrices. For different boundary conditions we find that the largest eigenmodes of the map match to the ones of the simple phenomenological diffusion equation. Our main result is that the difffusion coefficient exhibits a fractal structure by varying the system parameter. To understand the origin of this fractal structure, we give qualitative and quantitative arguments. These arguments relate the sequence of oscillations in the strength of the parameter-dep...
Autoregressive model selection with simultaneous sparse coefficient estimation
Sang, Hailin
2011-01-01
In this paper we propose a sparse coefficient estimation procedure for autoregressive (AR) models based on penalized conditional maximum likelihood. The penalized conditional maximum likelihood estimator (PCMLE) thus developed has the advantage of performing simultaneous coefficient estimation and model selection. Mild conditions are given on the penalty function and the innovation process, under which the PCMLE satisfies a strong consistency, local $N^{-1/2}$ consistency, and oracle property, respectively, where N is sample size. Two penalty functions, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and smoothly clipped average deviation (SCAD), are considered as examples, and SCAD is shown to have better performances than LASSO. A simulation study confirms our theoretical results. At the end, we provide an application of our method to a historical price data of the US Industrial Production Index for consumer goods, and the result is very promising.
Research on the coefficient of sound absorption in turbid water
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Yong-wei; LI Qi
2008-01-01
China's coastal waters are turbid and the properties of the seabed are complex.This negatively impacts the performance of underwater detection equipment.The properties of sound absorption in turbid water are not well understood.In this paper,the coefficient of sound absorption in turbid water was measured by the reverberation technique.All work was done in a reverberation barrel made of seamless aluminum.First,pure water was poured into the reverberation barrel and its reverberation time measured.Next,various concentrations of turbid water were poured into the barrel and their reverberation time measured.After all data had been gathered,the coefficient of sound absorption in turbid water of different concentrations was calculated. From this we determined a law of sound absorption in turbid water as summarized in the paper.
Relativistic quantum transport coefficients for second-order viscous hydrodynamics
Florkowski, Wojciech; Maksymiuk, Ewa; Ryblewski, Radoslaw; Strickland, Michael
2015-01-01
We express the transport coefficients appearing in the second-order evolution equations for bulk viscous pressure and shear stress tensor using Bose-Einstein, Boltzmann, and Fermi-Dirac statistics for the equilibrium distribution function and Grad's 14-moment approximation as well as the method of Chapman-Enskog expansion for the non-equilibrium part. Specializing to the case of boost-invariant and transversally homogeneous longitudinal expansion of the viscous medium, we compare the results obtained using the above methods with those obtained from the exact solution of massive 0+1d Boltzmann equation in the relaxation-time approximation. We show that compared to the 14-moment approximation, the hydrodynamic transport coefficients obtained using the Chapman-Enskog method result in better agreement with the exact solution of the Boltzmann equation in relaxation-time approximation.
The HD+ dissociative recombination rate coefficient at low temperature
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Wolf A.
2015-01-01
Full Text Available The effect of the rotational temperature of the ions is considered for low-energy dissociative recombination (DR of HD+. Merged beams measurements with HD+ ions of a rotational temperature near 300 K are compared to multichannel quantum defect theory calculations. The thermal DR rate coefficient for a Maxwellian electron velocity distribution is derived from the merged-beams data and compared to theoretical results for a range of rotational temperatures. Good agreement is found for the theory with 300 K rotational temperature. For a low-temperature plasma environment where also the rotational temperature assumes 10 K, theory predicts a considerably higher thermal DR rate coefficient. The origin of this is traced to predicted resonant structures of the collision-energy dependent DR cross section at few-meV collision energies for the particular case of HD+ ions in the rotational ground state.
The central role of the Peltier coefficient in thermoelectric cooling
Garrido, J.; Casanovas, A.
2014-03-01
This paper discusses the special role that the Peltier effect plays in thermoelectric cooling. From a particular energy balance for a thermocouple, we can conclude that the Peltier component pumps out the energy of all other terms: Joule, Fourier, Seebeck, and thermoelectric cooling. We emphasize also that in this energy balance, there is a need to include a new contribution, named after Seebeck that usually is not considered in the literature. We discuss a new method to evaluate the Peltier coefficient using measurements of the two temperature gradients at the junction of a thermocouple. An arrangement has been built to explore this method. A precise value for the Peltier coefficient of a thermocouple has been obtained but which deviates from the Kelvin relation. A better design of the experimental device is needed.
Surface Roughness Effects on Discharge Coefficient of Broad Crested Weir
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shaker A. Jalil
2014-06-01
Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of surface roughness sizes on the discharge coefficient for a broad crested weirs. For this purpose, three models having different lengths of broad crested weirs were tested in a horizontal flume. In each model, the surface was roughed four times. Experimental results of all models showed that the logical negative effect of roughness increased on the discharge (Q for different values of length. The performance of broad crested weir improved with decrease ratio of roughness to the weir height (Ks/P and with the increase of the total Head to the Length (H/L. An empirical equation was obtained to estimate the variation of discharge coefficient Cd in terms total head to length ratio, with total head to roughness ratio.
Symbolic observability coefficients for univariate and multivariate analysis
Letellier, Christophe; Aguirre, Luis A.
2009-06-01
In practical problems, the observability of a system not only depends on the choice of observable(s) but also on the space which is reconstructed. In fact starting from a given set of observables, the reconstructed space is not unique, since the dimension can be varied and, in the case of multivariate measurement functions, there are various ways to combine the measured observables. Using a graphical approach recently introduced, we analytically compute symbolic observability coefficients which allow to choose from the system equations the best observable, in the case of scalar reconstructions, and the best way to combine the observables in the case of multivariate reconstructions. It is shown how the proposed coefficients are also helpful for analysis in higher dimension.
Ward Identity Constraints on Ladder Kernels in Transport Coefficient Calculations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gagnon, J.-S. [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 University Street, Montreal, H3A 2T8 (Canada); Jeon, S. [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 University Street, Montreal, H3A 2T8 (Canada)
2007-03-15
Using diagrammatic methods, we show how the Ward identity can be used to constrain the ladder kernel in transport coefficients calculations. More specifically, we use the Ward identity to determine the necessary diagrams that must be resummed (using the usual integral equation). Our main result is an equation relating the kernel of the integral equation with functional derivatives of the full (imaginary) self-energy; it is similar to what is obtained with 2PI effective action methods. However, since we use the Ward identity as our starting point, gauge invariance is preserved. Using power counting arguments, we also show which self-energies must be included in the resummation at leading order, including 2 to 2 scatterings and 1 to 2 collinear scatterings with the Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal (LPM) effect. In this study we restrict our discussion to electrical conductivity and shear viscosity in QED, but our method can in principles be generalized to other transport coefficients and other theories.
Identification of coefficients in platform drift error model
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
邓正隆; 徐松艳; 付振宪
2002-01-01
The identification of the coefficients in the drift error model of a floated gyro inertial nawgation plat-form was investigated by following the principle of the inertial navigation platform and using gyro and accelerom-eter output models, and a complete platform drift error model was established, with parameters as state varia-bles, thereby establishing the system state equation and observation equation. Since these two equations areboth nonlinear, the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) was adopted. Then the problem of parameter identificationwas converted into a problem of state estimation. During the simulation, multi-position testing schemes were de-signed to motivated the parameters by gravity acceleration. Using these schemes, twenty-four error coefficientsof three gyros and six error coefficients of three accelerometers were identified, which showed the feasibility ofthis method.
Coefficient of friction of a starved lubricated spur gear pair
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Liu, Huaiju; Zhu, Caichao; Sun, Zhangdong; Zhang, Yuanyuan; Song, Chaosheng [Chongqing University, Chongqing (China)
2016-05-15
The frictional power loss issue of gear pairs becomes an important concern in both industry and academia due to the requirement of the energy saving and the improvement of power density of gear drives. A thermal starved elastohydrodynamic lubrication model is developed to study the tribological performance of a spur gear pair under starved lubrication conditions. The contact pressure, the film thickness, the temperature rise, the frictional power loss, as well as the coefficient of friction are evaluated by considering the variation of the curvature radius, the sliding/rolling motion, and the load distribution of gear tooth within the meshing period. Effects of lubrication starvation condition, load and speed on the coefficient of friction are studied.
An indirect approach to the extensive calculation of relationship coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Colleau Jean-Jacques
2002-07-01
Full Text Available Abstract A method was described for calculating population statistics on relationship coefficients without using corresponding individual data. It relied on the structure of the inverse of the numerator relationship matrix between individuals under investigation and ancestors. Computation times were observed on simulated populations and were compared to those incurred with a conventional direct approach. The indirect approach turned out to be very efficient for multiplying the relationship matrix corresponding to planned matings (full design by any vector. Efficiency was generally still good or very good for calculating statistics on these simulated populations. An extreme implementation of the method is the calculation of inbreeding coefficients themselves. Relative performances of the indirect method were good except when many full-sibs during many generations existed in the population.
Evaluating maximum likelihood estimation methods to determine the hurst coefficients
Kendziorski, C. M.; Bassingthwaighte, J. B.; Tonellato, P. J.
1999-12-01
A maximum likelihood estimation method implemented in S-PLUS ( S-MLE) to estimate the Hurst coefficient ( H) is evaluated. The Hurst coefficient, with 0.5long memory time series by quantifying the rate of decay of the autocorrelation function. S-MLE was developed to estimate H for fractionally differenced (fd) processes. However, in practice it is difficult to distinguish between fd processes and fractional Gaussian noise (fGn) processes. Thus, the method is evaluated for estimating H for both fd and fGn processes. S-MLE gave biased results of H for fGn processes of any length and for fd processes of lengths less than 2 10. A modified method is proposed to correct for this bias. It gives reliable estimates of H for both fd and fGn processes of length greater than or equal to 2 11.
Computing connection coefficients of compactly supported wavelets on bounded intervals
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Romine, C.H.; Peyton, B.W.
1997-04-01
Daubechies wavelet basis functions have many properties that make them desirable as a basis for a Galerkin approach to solving PDEs: they are orthogonal, with compact support, and their connection coefficients can be computed. The method developed by Latto et al. to compute connection coefficients does not provide the correct inner product near the endpoints of a bounded interval, making the implementation of boundary conditions problematic. Moreover, the highly oscillatory nature of the wavelet basis functions makes standard numerical quadrature of integrals near the boundary impractical. The authors extend the method of Latto et al. to construct and solve a linear system of equations whose solution provides the exact computation of the integrals at the boundaries. As a consequence, they provide the correct inner product for wavelet basis functions on a bounded interval.
Second virial coefficient for the dipolar hard sphere fluid.
Henderson, Douglas
2011-07-28
The dipolar hard sphere fluid is a useful model for a polar fluid. Some years ago, the second virial coefficient, B(2), of this fluid was obtained as a series expansion in the inverse temperature or (dipole strength) by Keesom. Little work on this problem seems to have been done since that time. Using a result of Chan and Henderson for the spherical average of the Boltzmann factor of this fluid, more complete results are obtained for B(2). The more complete results are more negative than the Keesom series, as one would expect, but his expansion is remarkably accurate. This method can be used to obtain the second virial coefficient of the dipolar Lennard-Jones (Stockmayer) or dipolar Yukawa fluids.
Stochastic method for modeling of the rarefied gas transport coefficients
Rudyak, V. Ya; Lezhnev, E. V.
2016-08-01
In this paper, we propose an algorithm for computation of the transport coefficients of rarefied gas, which is based on stochastic modeling of phase trajectories considered molecular system. The hard spheres potential is used. The number of operations is proportional to the number of used molecules. Naturally in this algorithm the conservation laws are performed. The efficiency of the algorithm is demonstrated by the calculation of the viscosity and diffusion coefficients of several noble gases (argon, neon, xenon, krypton). It was shown that the algorithm accuracy of the order of 1-2% can be obtained by using a relatively small number of molecules. The accuracy dependence on the number of used molecules, statistics (number of the used phase trajectories) and calculation time was analyzed.
Measurement of Thermal Expansion Coefficients with Holographic Technique
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZhifengZhang
1995-01-01
A simplified mathematical model was created for measurement of thermal expansion coefficients of thin sheet materials with holographic technique.Experimental set-ups corresponding to the mathematical model were designed and built for both tests above room temperature and at low temperatures.A fringe control technique was introduced for low temperature measurements to compensate rigid body movement,THin sheet specimens of silicon and aluminum alloy(7075) were tested with the developed technique.The tested results are in good agreement with reported data and thus verify the validity of the developed technique.The Thermal expansion coefficients of the tested materials ranged from 2.5×10-60C-1 to 23.6×10-6oC-1.
Mass transfer coefficients determination from linear gradient elution experiments.
Pfister, David; Morbidelli, Massimo
2015-01-02
A procedure to estimate mass transfer coefficients in linear gradient elution chromatography is presented and validated by comparison with experimental data. Mass transfer coefficients are traditionally estimated experimentally through the van Deemter plot, which represents the HETP as a function of the fluid velocity. Up to now, the HETP was obtained under isocratic elution conditions. Unfortunately, isocratic elution experiments are often not suitable for large biomolecules which suffer from severe mass transfer hindrances. Yamamoto et al. were the first to propose a semi-empirical equation to relate HETPs measured from linear gradient elution experiments to those obtained under isocratic conditions [7]. Based on his pioneering work, the approach presented in this work aims at providing an experimental procedure supported by simple equations to estimate reliable mass transfer parameters from linear gradient elution chromatographic experiments. From the resolution of the transport model, we derived a rigorous analytical expression for the HETP in linear gradient elution chromatography.
Fully automated setup for high temperature Seebeck coefficient measurement
Patel, Ashutosh
2016-01-01
In this work, we report the fabrication of fully automated experimental setup for high temperature Seebeck coefficient ($\\alpha$) measurement. The K-type thermocouples are used to measure the average temperature of the sample and Seebeck voltage (SV) across it. The temperature dependence of the Seebeck coefficients of the thermocouple and its negative leg is taken care by using the integration method. Steady state based differential technique is used for $\\alpha$ measurement. Use of limited component and thin heater simplify the sample holder design and minimize the heat loss. The power supplied to the heater decides temperature difference across the sample and measurement is carried out by achieving the steady state. The LabVIEW based program is built to automize the whole measurement process. The complete setup is fabricated by using commonly available materials in the market. This instrument is standardized for materials with a wide range of $\\alpha$ and for the wide range of $\\Delta T$ across the specimen...
Occupancy distributions in Markov chains via Doeblin's ergodicity coefficient
Chestnut, Stephen
2010-01-01
We apply Doeblin's ergodicity coefficient as a computational tool to approximate the occupancy distribution of a set of states in a homogeneous but possibly non-stationary finite Markov chain. Our approximation is based on new properties satisfied by this coefficient, which allow us to approximate a chain of duration n by independent and short-lived realizations of an auxiliary homogeneous Markov chain of duration of order ln(n). Our approximation may be particularly useful when exact calculations via first-step methods or transfer matrices are impractical, and asymptotic approximations may not be yet reliable. Our findings may find applications to pattern problems in Markovian and non-Markovian sequences that are treatable via embedding techniques.
Finite mixture varying coefficient models for analyzing longitudinal heterogenous data.
Lu, Zhaohua; Song, Xinyuan
2012-03-15
This paper aims to develop a mixture model to study heterogeneous longitudinal data on the treatment effect of heroin use from a California Civil Addict Program. Each component of the mixture is characterized by a varying coefficient mixed effect model. We use the Bayesian P-splines approach to approximate the varying coefficient functions. We develop Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms to estimate the smooth functions, unknown parameters, and latent variables in the model. We use modified deviance information criterion to determine the number of components in the mixture. A simulation study demonstrates that the modified deviance information criterion selects the correct number of components and the estimation of unknown quantities is accurate. We apply the proposed model to the heroin treatment study. Furthermore, we identify heterogeneous longitudinal patterns.
SUPERVISED ALIAS NAME VALIDATION USING STATISTICAL SIMILARITY COEFFICIENTS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. Suruliandi
2015-10-01
Full Text Available Alias name is the surnames for a known name. Extracting and validating alias names is an interesting research topic in language processing and has a number of Natural language processing applications like Information extraction, Information retrieval, Sentimental analysis, Question and answering. Alias name validation involves the process of validating whether a name is alias name or not. In this work, seven statistical similarity coefficients were used as features in classifier to validate alias names. For each name-alias pair, seven statistical similarity coefficient values were calculated and used as features to train a classifier. The trained classifier is then employed to classify whether a name-alias pair is valid or not. Experiments were conducted using Indian name-alias data that has data for 15 persons containing 35 name-alias pairs. Results show that SVM classifier with Radial Basis Function Kernel outperforms all the other classifiers in terms of overall accuracy.
The evaluation of the power coefficient of a Savonius rotor
Chauvin, A.; Botrini, M.; Brun, R.; Beguier, C.
1983-03-01
Measurements of the pressure variations and the blade drag on a Savonius rotor with partially overlapping blades set at different angles of attack are employed to develop a model for the power coefficient. The data were taken in a wind tunnel with probes placed on the interior and exterior surfaces of a blade from the leading edge to the trailing edge in a series of seven trials with each angle of attack. Two rotationary regimes were noted, the first, motoring, which lasted up to an angle of attack of 145 deg, and a resistant mode, which lasted up to 180 deg. A two-dimensional model is developed for a horizontal slice of the Savonius, taking into account the aerodynamic forces on the retreating and advancing blades. It is found that the drag increase with the rotation speed, eventually providing an upper limit to the power available. A maximum power coefficient of 0.17 is projected.
Net Emission Coefficients for Copper and Iron Plasmas
Kassubek, Frank; Zilberberg, Oded; Doiron, Charles
2016-09-01
Radiative heat transfer is an important mechanism for heat transport in electrical arcs, e.g. in electrical switchgear. An exact description of this phenomenon is important (i) for the energy balance of the arc itself, and (ii) for the estimate of the escaping radiation that leads to evaporation of polymer nozzles; the evaporated material and its flow have a strong effect on the arcs. For low voltage arcs, the plasma composition within the arc is dominated by the contact material. In the present study, we compare copper and iron. Especially, we discuss the calculation of absorption and emission spectra and their characterisation by net emission coefficients. The latter describe well the effective power balance at the centre of the arc. We show that in addition to the net emission coefficients, it is important to characterise the radiation that is emitted from the arc core.
Anticipative Stochastic Differential Equations with Non-smooth Diffusion Coefficient
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zong Xia LIANG
2006-01-01
In this paper we prove the existence and uniqueness of the solutions to the one-dimensional linear stochastic differential equation with Skorohod integralXt(ω) = η(ω) + ∫t0 asXs(ω)dWs + bsXs(ω)ds, t ∈ [0, 1],where (Ws) is the canonical Wiener process defined on the standard Wiener space ((W), (H),μ), a is non-smooth and adapted, but η and b may be anticipating to the filtration generated by (Ws). The intention of the paper is to eliminate the regularity of the diffusion coefficient a in the Malliavin sense, in the existing literature. The idea is to approach the non-smooth diffusion coefficient a by smooth ones.
Pole assignment for stochastic systems with unknown coefficients
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈翰馥[1; 曹希仁[2
2000-01-01
This paper solves the exact pole assignment problem for the single-input stochastic systems with unknown coefficients under the controllability assumption which is necessary and sufficient for the arbitrary pole assignment for systems with known coefficients. The system noise is required to be mutually independent with zero mean and bounded second moment. Two approaches to solving the problem are proposed: One is the iterative learning approach which can be applied when the state at a fixed time can be repeatedly observed with different feedback gains; the other is the adaptive control approach which works when the trajectories satisfy a nondegeneracy condition. Both methods are essentially based on stochastic approximation, and the feedback gains are recursively given without invoking the certainty-equivalency-principle.
Automatic speech segmentation using throat-acoustic correlation coefficients
Mussabayev, Rustam Rafikovich; Kalimoldayev, Maksat N.; Amirgaliyev, Yedilkhan N.; Mussabayev, Timur R.
2016-11-01
This work considers one of the approaches to the solution of the task of discrete speech signal automatic segmentation. The aim of this work is to construct such an algorithm which should meet the following requirements: segmentation of a signal into acoustically homogeneous segments, high accuracy and segmentation speed, unambiguity and reproducibility of segmentation results, lack of necessity of preliminary training with the use of a special set consisting of manually segmented signals. Development of the algorithm which corresponds to the given requirements was conditioned by the necessity of formation of automatically segmented speech databases that have a large volume. One of the new approaches to the solution of this task is viewed in this article. For this purpose we use the new type of informative features named TAC-coefficients (Throat-Acoustic Correlation coefficients) which provide sufficient segmentation accuracy and effi- ciency.
The 95% confidence intervals of error rates and discriminant coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shuichi Shinmura
2015-02-01
Full Text Available Fisher proposed a linear discriminant function (Fisher’s LDF. From 1971, we analysed electrocardiogram (ECG data in order to develop the diagnostic logic between normal and abnormal symptoms by Fisher’s LDF and a quadratic discriminant function (QDF. Our four years research was inferior to the decision tree logic developed by the medical doctor. After this experience, we discriminated many data and found four problems of the discriminant analysis. A revised Optimal LDF by Integer Programming (Revised IP-OLDF based on the minimum number of misclassification (minimum NM criterion resolves three problems entirely [13, 18]. In this research, we discuss fourth problem of the discriminant analysis. There are no standard errors (SEs of the error rate and discriminant coefficient. We propose a k-fold crossvalidation method. This method offers a model selection technique and a 95% confidence intervals (C.I. of error rates and discriminant coefficients.
Influence Diagnostics in Partially Varying-Coefficient Models
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2007-01-01
When a real-world data set is fitted to a specific type of models, it is often encountered that one or a set of observations have undue influence on the model fitting, which may lead to misleading conclusions. Therefore, it is necessary for data analysts to identify these influential observations and assess their impact on various aspects of model fitting. In this paper, one type of modified Cook's distances is defined to gauge the influence of one or a set observations on the estimate of the constant coefficient part in partially varying-coefficient models, and the Cook's distances are expressed as functions of the corresponding residuals and leverages. Meanwhile, a bootstrap procedure is suggested to derive the reference values for the proposed Cook's distances. Some simulations are conducted, and a real-world data set is further analyzed to examine the performance of the proposed method. The experimental results are satisfactory.
Pressure drop coefficient of laminar Newtonian flow in axisymmetric diffusers
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rosa, S. [Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestao, Instituto Politecnico, Campus de Santa Apolonia, 5301-857 Braganca (Portugal)]. E-mail: srosa@ipb.pt; Pinho, F.T. [Centro de Estudos de Fenomenos de Transporte, DEM, Universidade do Minho, Campus de Azurem, 4800-058 Guimaraes (Portugal)]. E-mail: fpinho@fe.up.pt
2006-04-15
The laminar flow of Newtonian fluids in axisymmetric diffusers has been numerically investigated to evaluate the pressure-loss coefficient as a function of Reynolds number, diffusion angle and expansion ratio. The numerical simulations were carried out with a finite-volume based code using non-orthogonal collocated grids and second order accurate differencing schemes to discretize all terms of the transport equations. The calculations were carried out for Reynolds numbers between 2 and 200, diffusion angles from 0 deg. to 90 deg. and expansion ratios of 1.5 and 2 and the data are presented in tabular form and as correlations. A simplified 1D theoretical analysis helped explain the various contributions to the loss coefficient and its difference relative to the reversible pressure variation due to differences between the actual and fully developed friction losses, distortions of the velocity profiles and pressure non-uniformity upstream and downstream of the expansion section.
Substrates for zero temperature coefficient Love wave sensors.
Jakoby, B; Vellekoop, M J
2000-01-01
Microacoustic Love wave delay lines show high sensitivity to perturbations such as mass depositions on the wave-guide surface. Furthermore, because of their shear polarization, Love waves are ideally suited for liquid sensing applications. Using a Love wave delay line as feedback element in an oscillator allows the realization of viscosity sensors, and, using a chemical interface, chemical sensors, where the output signal is the oscillation frequency. To achieve a high effective sensitivity, the cross-sensitivity to temperature has to be kept low. We outline the proper choice of a material and especially focus on the influence of crystal cut and the major device design parameters (mass sensitivity and coupling coefficient) on the temperature coefficient of the sensor.
Using the range to calculate the coefficient of variation.
Rhiel, G Steven
2004-12-01
In this research a coefficient of variation (CVhigh-low) is calculated from the highest and lowest values in a set of data. Use of CVhigh-low when the population is normal, leptokurtic, and skewed is discussed. The statistic is the most effective when sampling from the normal distribution. With the leptokurtic distributions, CVhigh-low works well for comparing the relative variability between two or more distributions but does not provide a very "good" point estimate of the population coefficient of variation. With skewed distributions CVhigh-low works well in identifying which data set has the more relative variation but does not specify how much difference there is in the variation. It also does not provide a "good" point estimate.
On the Existence of Feller Semigroups with Discontinuous Coefficients Ⅱ
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Kazuaki TAIRA
2009-01-01
This paper is devoted to the functional analytic approach to the problem of existence of Markov processes with Dirichlet boundary condition, oblique derivative boundary condition and first-order Wentzell boundary condition for second-order, uniformly elliptic differential operators with discontinuous coefficients. More precisely, we construct Feller semigroups associated with absorption,reflection, drift and sticking phenomena at the boundary. The approach here is distinguished by the Zygmund theory of singular integral operators with non-smooth kernels.
Variations of Roughness Coefficients with Flow Depth of Grassed Swale
Mustaffa, N.; Ahmad, N. A.; Razi, M. A. M.
2016-07-01
Grassed swales are the best management practice (BMP), which has been widely used to reduce the peak flow, reduce water pollution through vegetated filtration, and improve the groundwater recharge. Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM) is using the approach of grassed swales recommended by the Department of Irrigation and Drainage Malaysia (DID) for reducing the risk of flooding and controlling the water pollution. This paper investigates the variations of roughness coefficients with the flow depth of grassed swales in the campus of UTHM. Fieldwork was carried out on the grassed swale to collect the hydraulic data, which including the levelling work, measuring the flow depth and flow velocity of the swale. The flow depth of swale was taken at three points divided along the width of swale and the flow velocity is captured three times at each of the point. The variations of roughness coefficients of grassed swales are presented in Manning's equation, and the results reveal that the n value increases with the increasing of flow depth. Manning's coefficient value found in this study is in the range of 0.110 to 0.756, which are higher than the value proposed by the Urban Stormwater Management Manual for Malaysia (MSMA). The relationships of flow depth and velocity at each section of the swale are portrayed in graphs, which show that the velocity increases with the decreasing of flow depth. The outcomes of this study can be concluded that the variation of Manning's coefficient value is influenced by the swale profile, flow depth, flow velocity, and as well as the vegetation used in the grassed swale concerned.
The transmission coefficient distribution of highly scattering sparse random media
Jin, Curtis; Nadakuditi, Raj Rao; Michielssen, Eric
2015-01-01
We consider the distribution of the transmission coefficients, i.e. the singular values of the modal transmission matrix, for 2D random media with periodic boundary conditions composed of a large number of point-like non-absorbing scatterers. The scatterers are placed at random locations in the medium and have random refractive indices that are drawn from an arbitrary, known distribution. We construct a randomized model for the scattering matrix that retains scatterer dependent properties ess...
Exploring non-linear cosmological matter diffusion coefficients
Velten, Hermano
2014-01-01
Since microscopic velocity diffusion can be incorporated into general relativity in a consistent way, we study cosmological background solutions when the diffusion phenomena takes place in an expanding universe. Our focus here relies on the nature of the diffusion coefficient $\\sigma$ which measures the magnitude of such transport phenomena. We test dynamics where $\\sigma$ has a phenomenological dependence on the scale factor, the matter density, the dark energy and the expansion rate.
On New Limits of the Coefficient of Gravitation Shielding
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Michele Caputo
2006-12-01
New limits of the shielding coefficients in the supposed phenomenon of gravitation shielding have recently become available. The new values are briefly reviewed and discussed in order to update the state of art since some new limits for gravitation shielding are not necessarily the lowest ones which, instead, are those of interest when planning new experimental research or studying theoretically the possible effects of gravitation shielding.