WorldWideScience

Sample records for classrooms green buildings

  1. Green space as classroom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentsen, Peter; Schipperijn, Jasper; Jensen, Frank Søndergaard

    2013-01-01

    More and more Danish teachers have started introducing curriculum-based outdoor learning as a weekly or biweekly ‘outdoor school’ day for school children. This move towards schooling in non-classroom spaces presents a challenge for green space managers. Basic managerial knowledge related to what...... nationwide survey was conducted among Danish teachers practising outdoor teaching (107 respondents), and it showed that a majority used and preferred forest areas. The outdoor teachers used mainly school grounds and local green space for their outdoor teaching with a majority using the same place or mostly......, who, when and where has thus far only been supported by anecdotal evidence, but seems fundamental to the decision-making of a range of green space providers. The present study aims to describe, characterise and discuss outdoor teachers’ use, preferences and ecostrategies in relation to green space. A...

  2. Green buildings pay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naboni, Emanuele; Edwards, Brian

    2012-01-01

    The new edition of ‘Green Buildings Pay’ authored by Brian Edwards and Emanuele Naboni explores the business and professional benefits which derive from architectural design driven by sustainability. With a new sub-title ‘Green Buildings Pay: design, productivity and ecology’ the book argues....... Branding via LEED and BREEAM has taken green ideas to China and other emerging economies. The globalization of sustainability and of architectural practice is an important strand of the new edition....

  3. Sustainable Development and Green Buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Arijit Sinha; Rakesh Gupta; Andreja Kutnar

    2013-01-01

    Global sustainability goals have led to the development of the green building movement. The Green Building Program, stemming from the movement, has had unprecedented success as it provides a quantifiable metric to people’s efforts towards sustainable development. Sustainable development and green buildings are often used interchangeably. Although, sustainable development and green buildings are related, they are not the same. This paper provides an overview of how green building relates to su...

  4. INL Green Building Strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jennifer Dalton

    2005-05-01

    Green buildings, also known as sustainable buildings, resource efficient buildings, and high performance buildings, are structures that minimize the impact on the environment by using less energy and water, reducing solid waste and pollutants, and limiting the depletion of natural resources. As Idaho National Laboratory (INL) becomes the nation’s premier nuclear energy research laboratory, the physical infrastructure will be established to help accomplish the mission. This infrastructure, particularly the buildings, should incorporate green design features in order to be environmentally responsible and reflect an image of progressiveness and innovation to the public and prospective employees. With this in mind, the recommendations described in this strategy are intended to form the INL foundation for green building standards. The recommendations in this strategy are broken down into three levels: Baseline Minimum, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)Certification, and Innovative. Baseline Minimum features should be included in all new occupied buildings no matter what the purpose or size. These features do not require significant research, design, or capital costs and yet they can reduce Operation and Maintenance (O&M) costs and produce more environmentally friendly buildings. LEED Certification features are more aggressive than the Baseline Minimums in that they require documentation, studies, and/or additional funding. Combined with the Baseline Minimums, many of the features in this level will need to be implemented to achieve the goal of LEED certification. LEED Silver certification should be the minimum goal for all new buildings (including office buildings, laboratories, cafeterias, and visitor centers) greater than 25,000 square feet or a total cost of $10 million. Innovative features can also contribute to LEED certification, but are less mainstream than those listed in the previous two levels. These features are identified as areas where

  5. Future Green Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Brian Vad; Drysdale, David; Lund, Henrik;

    an energy system integration perspective, heat savings, electricity savings, and user behavioural aspects as well as energy storage and household level flexibility. Many reports on green or sustainable buildings focus only on savings levels and disregard the cost of renewable energy production. Some reports...

  6. Green Roofs and Green Building Rating Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liaw

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The environmental benefits for green building from the Leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED and Ecology, Energy, Waste, and Health (EEWH rating systems have been extensively investigated; however, the effect of green roofs on the credit-earning mechanisms is relatively unexplored. This study is concerned with the environmental benefits of green roofs with respect to sustainability, stormwater control, energy savings, and water resources. We focused on the relationship between green coverage and the credits of the rating systems, evaluated the credits efficiency, and performed cost analysis. As an example, we used a university building in Keelung, Northern Taiwan. The findings suggest that with EEWH, the proposed green coverage is 50–75%, whereas with LEED, the proposed green coverage is 100%. These findings have implications for the application of green roofs in green building.

  7. The green building envelope: vertical greening

    OpenAIRE

    Ottelé, M.

    2011-01-01

    Planting on roofs and façades is one of the most innovative and fastest developing fields of green technologies with respect to the built environment and horticulture. This thesis is focused on vertical greening of structures and to the multi-scale benefits of vegetation. Vertical green can improve the environment in urban areas and is becoming a key design consideration in modern building developments. Vertical greening of structures offers large surfaces with vegetation and at the same time...

  8. Sustainable Development and Green Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arijit Sinha

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Global sustainability goals have led to the development of the green building movement. The Green Building Program, stemming from the movement, has had unprecedented success as it provides a quantifiable metric to people’s efforts towards sustainable development. Sustainable development and green buildings are often used interchangeably. Although, sustainable development and green buildings are related, they are not the same. This paper provides an overview of how green building relates to sustainable development practices. Sustainability also governs decisions concerning building materials. A comprehensive explanation of what constitutes a green building material is discussed and how renewable material like wood fare in the deciding criteria. There are many green building rating systems in place. United States Green Building Council administered Leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED is the global market leader in the rating systems. LEED is a commendable and grand effort in moving towards sustainable development by converting the built environment green. However, it does have certain pitfalls and challenges. Some of these challenges are with respect to policies on material selection and performance monitoring. The materials used in a project are considered at a common starting point and no consideration is given to the life cycle performance of the material. Statements concerning sustainability require validation, and Life Cycle Analysis (LCA is a tool that can provide such validity. This paper presents how beneficial it can be, when included, in the bigger scheme of green building rating systems and introduces an integrated design concept for green buildings.

  9. A Green Building--The Good, the Bad, the Neutral

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDermott, Richard L.

    2010-01-01

    In 2010, it's good to be Green. In the stampede to sustainable design, there are probably some Green features that have not received a lot of scrutiny, and some that may not apply to all projects. The author happens to have joined an institution with one of the larger Green office/classrooms buildings in the U.S. The University of Texas Health…

  10. Acoustical case studies of three green buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebein, Gary; Lilkendey, Robert; Skorski, Stephen

    2005-04-01

    Case studies of 3 green buildings with LEED certifications that required extensive acoustical retrofit work to become satisfactory work environments for their intended user groups will be used to define areas where green building design concepts and acoustical design concepts require reconciliation. Case study 1 is an office and conference center for a city environmental education agency. Large open spaces intended to collect daylight through clerestory windows provided large, reverberant volumes with few acoustic finishes that rendered them unsuitable as open office space and a conference room/auditorium. Case Study 2 describes one of the first gold LEED buildings in the southeast whose primary design concepts were so narrowly focused on thermal and lighting issues that they often worked directly against basic acoustical requirements resulting in sound levels of NC 50-55 in classrooms and faculty offices, crosstalk between classrooms and poor room acoustics. Case study 3 is an environmental education and conference center with open public areas, very high ceilings, and all reflective surfaces made from wood and other environmentally friendly materials that result in excessive loudness when the building is used by the numbers of people which it was intended to serve.

  11. Green Construction in Building Renovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ksit, Barbara; Majcherek, Michał

    2016-06-01

    Modern materials and construction solutions draw more and more attention to ecology and building certification. Among the criteria appearing in revitalization, an important element is bringing plants back into heavily urbanized areas. In its natural form, this is not possible to carry out everywhere, often requiring large amounts of space. Nowadays, however, there are a number of green roofs and green wall systems, allowing "greener" construction without making significant changes in the urban environment. The article includes a presentation and analysis of selected solutions of biological surfaces known as green roofs and green walls, specifying various solutions and their most important features. The case study focuses primarily on material and design solutions, as well as the potential benefits, risks and limitations in their use. Plants structures on the surfaces of vertical and horizontal partitions continue to be a very interesting alternative to take into account when applying for grants, such as LEED or BREEAM certificates.

  12. Fire safety challenges of green buildings

    CERN Document Server

    Meacham, Brian; Echeverria, Juan; Cheng, Raymond

    2013-01-01

    Environmental concerns and advances in architectural technologies have lead to a greater number of green buildings or buildings with green, eco-friendly elements. However, from a practical standpoint, there is no incident reporting system in the world that tracks data on fire incidents in green buildings. Fire safety objectives are not explicitly considered in most green rating schemes, and green design features have been associated with photovoltaic panels and roof materials, lightweight timber frame buildings, and combustible insulation materials. Fire Safety Challenges of Green Buildings is

  13. Green buildings: Implications for acousticians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noble, Michael R.

    2005-04-01

    This presentation will deal with the practical implications of green design protocols of the US Green Building Council on interior acoustics of buildings. Three areas of particular consequence to acousticians will be discussed. Ventilation Systems: reduced energy consumption goals dictate reliance on natural cooling and ventilation using ambient air when possible. The consequent large openings in the building envelope to bring fresh air into rooms, and similar sized openings to transfer the mixed air out, can severely compromise the noise isolation of the rooms concerned. Radiant Cooling: the heavy concrete floors of buildings can be used as a thermal flywheel to lessen the cooling load, which forces the concrete ceilings to be exposed to the occupied rooms for heat transfer, and strictly limits the application of acoustical absorption on the ceilings. This challenges the room acoustics design. Green Materials: the LEED protocols require the elimination of potentially harmful finishes, including fibrous materials which may impact air quality or contribute to health problems. Since the backbone of sound absorption is glass and mineral fibres, this further challenges provision of superior room acoustics. Examples and commentary will be provided based on current and recent projects.

  14. The green building envelope: vertical greening

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ottelé, M.

    2011-01-01

    Planting on roofs and façades is one of the most innovative and fastest developing fields of green technologies with respect to the built environment and horticulture. This thesis is focused on vertical greening of structures and to the multi-scale benefits of vegetation. Vertical green can improve

  15. Developing green building policy in Hong Kong

    OpenAIRE

    Fung, Lok-yan, Esther; 馮樂恩

    2014-01-01

    Desk-top research found that the performance of green building development in Hong Kong has lagged behind other countries or cities of similar international status. The main reason for that is the lack of green building policy to coordinate the existing measures. Hence, this dissertation aims to fill the gap by finding out whether green building policy should be implemented in Hong Kong and what instruments or tools should be included in the policy if it is formulated. Further to the focu...

  16. Biodiversity assessment of green roofs for green building design

    OpenAIRE

    Hui, SCM; Chan, KL

    2011-01-01

    Green roofs can provide several environmental benefits in urban cities and can also create habitat for living organisms thus help to enhance biodiversity. At present, many green building assessment methods have considered green roofs as a desirable sustainable design feature, however, the approach to assess the biodiversity aspect in these methods is not clear and effective. This research aims to investigate how green roofs can enhance biodiversity in an urban environment and to develop an ef...

  17. Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorsey, William [Jackson Park Hospital Foundation, Chicago, IL (United States); Vasquez, Nelson [Jackson Park Hospital Foundation, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2010-05-01

    Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago's recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work.

  18. Green Building Trends in Commercial Real Estate

    OpenAIRE

    Botis, Andrei

    2014-01-01

    The interest in green building solutions including materials, products, technology and services has improved significantly all over the world in the past years.A green building can be any project that is built or renovated with due concern for minimizing the full environmental impact of its design, construction/renovation, operations and (possible) de-construction. Key findings for green buildings:• Construction Costs• Building Value• Operational Costs• Health and Productivity• Risk...

  19. Parameters of Upgrading Existing Building into a Green Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrs. Rupali Kapure

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Before turning to specific programs for upgrading buildings, it’s important to understand the market dynamics of greening existing buildings. From a macroeconomic perspective, energy efficiency upgrades represent the most cost-effective way to meet growing energy demands. From a microeconomic perspective, recent studies have shown that energy-efficient and certified green buildings merit higher market values, greater rents, and higher occupancies. From a corporate sustainability viewpoint, greening existing buildings is a direct way to reduce a company’s carbon footprint. As a result, corporate real estate managers in the United States have begun to decide in favour of greening both owned and leased buildings, seeing many economic benefits from this switch. Green buildings offer many marketing benefits for building owners and tenants, including opportunities for creating new green “brands” and also “future-proofing” their real estate against both future energy price increases and also value erosion as the trend toward green buildings continues to grow. Marketing benefits will vary by geographic location, building and tenant type, and other factors, but they are present in all privately owned real estate.

  20. Parameters of Upgrading Existing Building into a Green Building

    OpenAIRE

    Mrs. Rupali Kapure; Dr.R.K.Jain

    2014-01-01

    Before turning to specific programs for upgrading buildings, it’s important to understand the market dynamics of greening existing buildings. From a macroeconomic perspective, energy efficiency upgrades represent the most cost-effective way to meet growing energy demands. From a microeconomic perspective, recent studies have shown that energy-efficient and certified green buildings merit higher market values, greater rents, and higher occupancies. From a corporate sustainabili...

  1. Building Quality, Building Green: Conventions Theory and Industry Transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Cidell

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Conventions theory was developed in part to explain how heterogeneous actors with asymmetrical information manage to carry out economic transactions. In particular, how do these actors work together to reduce uncertainty about the quality of the commodities involved? While most applications of conventions theory have been in the agro-food industry, this paper looks at the newly developing green building industry as an example of economic production that relies on multiple constructions of quality in its production and consumption processes. Previous work has shown that conflicts over quality often arise when the parties involved are operating under different conventions, a danger with the multiple actors that must cooperate to produce (and consume a green building. Furthermore, in the case of green buildings, uncertainty about a product's performance does not end at the point of transaction; the quality of many of the materials or processes involved can only be proven over time. I argue that the producers of green buildings and green building materials have overcome the problems of a uncertainty over time and b conflicts over the meaning of quality by drawing on all four conventions simultaneously. Furthermore, this simultaneous incorporation of trust, third-party standards, price, and the common good, as enacted through the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED standards of the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC, is one of the main reasons for the phenomenal growth of the green building industry among public, private, and non-profit clients.

  2. Assessing the future of green building

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Raymond J.

    2005-04-01

    As the realities of resource depletion and global environmental degradation become more evident, we can anticipate a maturing and strengthening of the public's concern and knowledge on environmental issues. This will translate into an expectation for greater environmental responsibility and, as with other sectors, the building industry will be increasingly scrutinized for its environmental actions. The adoption of environmental strategies has been accelerated by the emergence of building environmental assessment methods that have provided both a definition and common language for green buildings as well as a means of communicating performance improvements. Whereas the current focus is on ``green'' design-reducing or mitigating the environmental consequences of buildings-the future concerns will embrace mitigation, adaptation to the new conditions and restoring previous adversely impacted regions and human settlements. This presentation will provide an overview of the evolution of green building practices to set a context for understanding emerging issues in building acoustics. Since the adoption of green building practices is a function of the context that shapes political and public priorities, the presentation compares and contrasts several short and long-term scenarios some certain, others more speculative and their direct and indirect consequences for environmental progress building design.

  3. Green Era Should Herald Smarter Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Scott

    2008-01-01

    In the past two decades, the most elite and ambitious colleges have commissioned buildings by "starchitects" for notoriety. However, people live in a green era now and there is a need for a new kind of star architecture to go with it, one in which the building is a star for its efficiency as well as its elegance. The new star architecture would…

  4. Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

    2010-03-31

    Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago's recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work. The new green building houses the hospital's Family Medicine Residency Program and Specialty Medical Offices. The residency program has been vital in attracting new, young physicians to this medically underserved area. The new outpatient center will also help to allure needed medical providers to the community. The facility also has areas designated to women's health and community education. The Community Education Conference Room will provide learning opportunities to area residents. Emphasis will be placed on conserving resources and protecting our environment, as well as providing information on healthcare access and preventive medicine. The new Medical Office Building was constructed with numerous energy saving features. The exterior cladding of the building is an innovative, locally-manufactured precast concrete panel system with integral insulation that achieves an R-value in excess of building code requirements. The roof is a 'green roof' covered by native plantings, lessening the impact solar heat gain on the building, and reducing air conditioning requirements. The windows are low-E, tinted, and insulated to reduce cooling requirements in summer and heating requirements in winter. The main entrance has an air lock to prevent unconditioned air from entering the building and impacting interior air temperatures. Since much of the traffic in and out of the office building comes from the adjacent Jackson Park Hospital, a pedestrian bridge connects the two

  5. The European GreenBuilding Projects Catalogue 2014

    OpenAIRE

    BERTOLDI PAOLO; CUNIBERTI Barbara; De Luca, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    In 2005 the European Commission launched the GreenBuilding Programme (GBP). GreenBuilding is a voluntary programme aiming at improving the energy efficiency of non-residential buildings in Europe on voluntary basis. The programme addresses owners of non-residential buildings to realise cost-effective measures which enhance the energy efficiency of their buildings in one or more technical services. The programme covers both existing and new buildings. The GreenBuilding Programme reached its 8t...

  6. 'To Boldly Go...' Building a Virtual Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    vandeVen, Ryan W.; Meurders, Mary F. E.

    2008-01-01

    The concept of a Exploration-Based Learning Environment has recently been introduced into the argument that technology can put students back into the field of real learning. IPN has set foot there, where no school has gone before, by actually building a Virtual Classroom.This paper is about our first step towards the Virtual Classroom: Experience-Based Learning by simulations. A field study on the processes involved when going from a regular educational setting to using simulations as part of the educational was done. We discuss eventual pitfalls and the role changes in education for both teacher and pupil, the importance of understanding the psychological process that the pupil goes through and the consequences this has for the guiding staff. Changes are not only necessary to keep up with the change but also to break through the vicious circle of what we call the trend of "Spectacle and Boredom" in education.

  7. The World Well Lost, Found: Reality and Authenticity in Green's "New Classroom Pedagogy"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vakeva, Lauri

    2009-01-01

    In her recent work, Green (2001; 2008) builds on the idea that there is a gulf between "real-world music" and classroom music (Ibid., p. 2). One of her main goals seems to be to pave the way for the former in the latter: to make the music in schools more in touch with reality. The learning practices of popular music are taken to bring the needed…

  8. Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doris, E.

    2011-09-01

    This document is adapted from a memo and report delivered to the City Council of New Orleans, the office of the Mayor of New Orleans, the Chairperson of the Citizen Stakeholders Group (New Orleans Energy Task Force) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Project Officer in 2008. The report outlines ideas for and potential impacts of various green building policies in New Orleans in the years following Hurricane Katrina.

  9. Dealing with Difference: Building Culturally Responsive Classrooms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Burridge

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Australia continues to develop as a multicultural society with levels of immigration increasing significantly over recent years as a result of government policies. More recently, the new period of financial turmoil, continuing threats from terrorism and environmental concerns, have all exacerbated the challenges of dealing with difference in our society. In response, schools continue to face the challenges of the impact of a range of different cultures, languages and religions among their student and school communities. How effectively schools deal with difference and how well they are supported in their endeavours to build culturally response classrooms is a perennial issue for both teachers and educators. A major challenge for teachers is to at a minimum, understand cultural differences as they manifest in their particular school settings and to draw on approaches that support student learning in culturally appropriate ways so to assist them to better realise their full potential. In this paper we will consider cultural diversity in the context of recent school policies, highlight a number of frameworks for addressing cultural diversity in the classroom, in particular the approaches by Kalantzis and Cope’s (1999 and Hickling-Hudson (2003. We also draw on the findings from a recent qualitative study of representations of cultural diversity in a number of Sydney metropolitan schools to discuss the need for more greater resource and policy support for progressive teaching approaches that support the development of a more tolerant and inclusive multicultural society. Key words: cultural diversity, schools, teacher education, classroom practice, social inclusion

  10. Game-Based Learning for Green Building Education

    OpenAIRE

    Yi-Kai Juan; Tseng-Wei Chao

    2015-01-01

    To improve education regarding sustainability and green buildings, we designed a multiplayer (2–4 people) green building strategy game called GBGame to deliver knowledge of and introduce applied technologies for green buildings. To verify the game’s learning effect, we conducted separate measurements using the ARCS motivation model and a paper-based exam among 72 students majoring in architecture. These students were divided into an experimental group (who played the game) and a control group...

  11. Discussing simply waste water treatment in building green mine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analysis simplfy it is important and necessary that uran ore enterprise build the green mine .According to focusing on waste water treatment in building green mine of some uran ore enterprise,analysis the problem in treating mine water, technics waste water, tailings water before remoulding the system of waster water treatment, evaluate the advanced technics, satisfy ability, steady effect, reach the mark of discharge. According to the experimental unit of building the green mine,some uran ore enterprise make the waster water reaching the mark of discharge after remoulding the system of waster water treatment.It provides valuable experienceto uran ore enterprise in building green mine. (authors)

  12. New Construction for Commercial Building (Restaurant) By Considering The Green Building Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    MF Baharom; Ahmad, K; M. N. M. Nasir; W.M Bukhari; H.I Jaafar

    2015-01-01

    The Green Building Index (GBI) is one of green building strategies that are needed in order to decrease the human technologies and waste made by them. Moreover, GBI is the latest green building strategies that been implemented in the new building construction in Malaysia. It is proven as the building sector consumes 40% of the total energy consumption in the world, thus increasing the environmental problems. Mechanical, cooling, lighting and ventilating spaces consume by far the most energy i...

  13. Thermal and acoustic environmental requirements for green buildings in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreenivasaiah Purushothama Rao

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Passive design concepts as a strategy for achieving energy efficiency as well as optimum indoor thermal comfort in workspaces are being increasingly applied with the increased awareness of Green Buildings. The challenging task for the building designers in the hot-humid tropics is the provision of indoor thermal comfort for the occupants of the building while reducing energy consumption in the office spaces. Acoustic quality is also an important element in ensuring a healthy working environment. One of the aims of a green building is to minimise its impact on health and performance of the occupants of the building. This has been emphasized in most green building rating systems under requirements for Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ, highlighting the four main points for achieving an improved indoor environment, viz., indoor air quality, acoustics, visual comfort (lighting and thermal comfort. Although acoustics was mentioned in the IEQ criteria, according to previous surveys and studies acoustic quality in green buildings are not improving. Acoustics performance is bound to be relegated unless it is considered early in design stage. This paper makes an attempt at how green building design strategies contribute to the degradation of acoustical environment in green office buildings. The design strategies implemented to cater for green building requirements such as provision of natural ventilation, daylight, reduction of finishes and office layout leads to an unintended decrease in the acoustical quality. This needs to be addressed and corrected by the building professionals.

  14. Key Practice for Green Building Management In Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aghili Nasim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper identifies the management practices for green building management in Malaysia. A set of practices was ascertained from the reviewed of various established Green Building Standard in the world. Green building practices are significant role in attaining sustainability particularly in the construction industry. Green building is constructed for minimizing impacts to environment as well as decreasing building effects on occupants. To achieve the goals of green buildings, set of management practices is required. A comprehensive review on the world green building standards that include the criteria of “management” has been carried out. The results of the content analysis have identified a total of five clusters of practices that found important for effective management of green building in Malaysia. These including Sustainable Procurement, Sustainable Operation, Resource Management, Repair and Maintenance Management, and Environmental Health. Each cluster of management practice composed of few activities. The identification of the set of practices contributes to the effective and efficient operation of green building in advancing the sustainability agenda, hence decreasing building’s operating costs and realising increase in return of investment.

  15. ATRF Earns Three Green Globes, Exceeds NIH Building Standards | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    By Ashley DeVine, Staff Writer From project management and energy and water efficiency to emissions and the indoor environment, the Advanced Technology Research Facility (ATRF) was built with sustainability in mind, exceeding the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH’s) building standards and earning three Green Globes from the Green Building Initiative (GBI).

  16. How to build efficient English classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高艳青

    2015-01-01

    The three basic elements of classroom language teaching. Namely, engagement, study and application. The students are not sponges which are passive or empty waiting to absorb all the water but plumages after ac-tive growth by drawing water, sunlight and oxygen from the outside and their internal photosynthesis. The students are organic bodies who need to continue to obtain new knowledge based on prior knowledge and experience. Efficient classroom teaching system should consist of these two sides. One is the classroom or-ganization form that is what kind of classroom teaching is used in the classroom. The other is the rule of classroom. That is what way is used to maintain the teaching goal to be completed. The popular saying is classroom management. The core theory of classroom teaching system is the"base first, management first". Emotional education in the classroom teaching is reflected in the objective of training students' emotional attitudes and values which enable students to love learning and learn with an appropriate method.

  17. Integrating Building Information Modeling and Green Building Certification: The BIM-LEED Application Model Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Wei

    2010-01-01

    Building information modeling (BIM) and green building are currently two major trends in the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry. This research recognizes the market demand for better solutions to achieve green building certification such as LEED in the United States. It proposes a new strategy based on the integration of BIM…

  18. Green Building Construction Thermal Isolation Materials (Rockwool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Itewi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Building insulation consisting roughly to anything in a structure that is utilizes as insulation for any reason. Thermal insulation in structures is a significant feature to attaining thermal comfort for its tenants. Approach: Insulation decreases unnecessary warmth loss or gain and can reduce the power burdens of heating and cooling structures. It does not automatically having anything to do with problems of sufficient exposure to air and might or might not influence the amount of sound insulation. Results: In a constricted way insulation can just mean the insulation substance used to reduce heat loss, such as: Glass wool, cellulose, polystyrene, rock wool, urethane foam, vermiculite and the earth, but it can also entail a variety of plans and methods used to deal with the chief forms of heat movement like transmission, emission and convection substances. The efficiency of insulation is normally assessed by its R-value. However, an R-value does not allow for the superiority of assembly or narrow green issues for each structure. Building superiority matters comprise insufficient vapor obstructions and troubles with draft-proofing. Additionally, the property and concentration of the insulation substance itself is vital. Fiberglass insulation materials, for example, made out of short fibers of glass covered on top of each other is not as long-lasting as insulation prepared from extended entwined fibers of glass. Conclusion/Recommendations: Rockwool insulation is a kind of insulation that is constructed out of real rocks and minerals. It furthermore is known by the names of mineral wool insulation, stone wool insulation or slag wool insulation. A broad collection of goods can be constructed from Rockwool, because of its outstanding capability to obstruct sound and heat. Rockwool insulation is normally utilized in building assembly, manufacturing plants and in automotive purposes. In this study i proposed to use

  19. 76 FR 65511 - Office of Governmentwide Policy; Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; the Green...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-21

    ... ADMINISTRATION Office of Governmentwide Policy; Office of Federal High- Performance Green Buildings; the Green... provides the schedule and agenda for the first meeting of the Green Building Advisory Committee Meeting...: Ken Sandler, Designated Federal Official, Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings,...

  20. Green certification and building performance: Implications for tangibles and intangibles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Devine, A.; Kok, N.

    2015-01-01

    Commercial buildings represent a significant share of global energy consumption. In the general absence of regulation, voluntary labeling and green building certification schemes have been introduced to reflect this externality to building owners and tenants. The implications of such schemes have pr

  1. Reviewing Green roof design approaches: Case study of residential buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Özarısoy, Bertuğ

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT: High density of the residential areas and steep land value in the cities have driven people to maximize liveable and productive spaces in urban settings. This includes the reinvention of roof functions extending merely as a protection from the elements to a platform of housing green building technologies such as green roofs. Increased interest in green roofs have led to advances in technology. An entire industry has sprung up which specializes in lightweight growing materials, ro...

  2. The Benefits of Green Roofing for Latvian Building Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Kara, P; Pastars, P

    2013-01-01

    Green roofs serve several purposes for a building, such as absorbing rainwater, providing insulation, creating a habitat for wildlife and helping to lower urban air temperatures and mitigate the heat island effect. The modern trend started when green roofs were developed in Germany in the 1960s, and has since spread to many countries. Today, it is estimated that about 10% of all German roofs have been “greened”. Green roofs are also becoming increasingly popular in the United States, although...

  3. Greening hotels - building green values into hotel services

    OpenAIRE

    Darija Hays; Đurđana Ozretić-Došen

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The objective of this paper is to enhance knowledge about greening hotel services and the possibilities it provides for successful hotel management as well as for enrichment of hotel guest experiences. Design/Methodology/Approach – The paper is based on a summarized review of previous theoretical contributions and an investigative study of three business cases which relies on qualitative methodology. The case studies draw on interviews, archival materials and photographs. A case stu...

  4. Research on green building design based on ecological concept

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Ping Qing

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available At present, the protection of the ecological environment and the promotion of green building has been recognized and widely promoted.With the rapid development of the construction industry, Architecture design will inevitably require the resentation of its unique form and charm to reflect the ecological concept and ecological culture, because of the unique nature of the art and the particularity of the environment. To establish the ecological concept of green building design and vigorously develop the green green building has a complementary role to alleviate the pressure on resources,and to speed up the eco city planning design, and to realize the sustainable development of the city, and to protect the urban ecological environmental.

  5. Playful Postmodernism: Building with Diversity in the Postmodern Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Nancy; Barron, Mary; Holliman, Diane Carol; Karliner, Shelley; Walker, Uta M.

    2009-01-01

    The critical examination of language and the deconstruction of truth claims play an important role in how we build with diversity in our classrooms. We, as social work educators involved with playful postmodernism, recognize the significance of improvisation and playfulness in engaging the question: how is this examination and deconstruction done?…

  6. Limits to green? Building blocks for green taxation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report focuses on the question whether a further increase in environmental taxes can contribute to achieving a sustainable economy in which depletion and climate risks should be reduced to an acceptable level for 2050. The strategy to achieve this consists of four main elements: (1) Introduction of a new CO2 tax as part of the Energy Tax; (2) Broadening of the Energy Tax to sectors such as agriculture and industry and the cancellation of subsidies and tax rebates; (3) Expansion of new tax bases for import / production of natural resources (wood, fish, meat) and space; and (4) European agenda on 'greening'.

  7. Green Buildings Workbook: A Guide for IDB Practitioners

    OpenAIRE

    Milena Breisinger; Christopher Tagwerker

    2013-01-01

    IDB has assembled this workbook as a resource to assist Bank employees to make informed decisions about how to best incorporate sustainable design into development projects. Included in this workbook are answers to frequently asked questions about influencing developments to use energy saving technologies and including sustainable features into building design. Knowing the basic principles of green buildings will give building blocks necessary to support sustainable projects.

  8. Green Sharing: The Proposed Criteria in Green Building Standards to Promote the Usage of Natural Handicrafts in Building Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krasae-In Aracha

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable development has been a great challenge to the building and construction industry for decades. There have been many initiatives and attempts to create sustainability for the industry through the concept of the Green Building certificate in order to reduce the impact to environment and society while promoting better living conditions of the people involved in the project. This paper aims to examine all three aspects of sustainability; economy, environment and society, in the building and construction industry by proposing new criteria for the green building certificate. This will create opportunities for the community based handicraft building products to be specified and purchased to be used in the modern building and construction industry and share the economic value to the community.

  9. Minimizing Climate Change Impacts through the Application of Green Building Principles

    OpenAIRE

    Baharuddin

    2014-01-01

    The presentation explains the climate change and the role of green building in minimising the impact of climate change. The presentation covers the emerging issues, sustainable building, green building certification which covers: sustainable site, water efficiency, energy and

  10. Building green supply chains in eco-industrial parks towards a green economy: Barriers and strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jacqueline; Pan, Shu-Yuan; Kim, Hyunook; Linn, Jean H; Chiang, Pen-Chi

    2015-10-01

    As suggested by UNEP, the key to sustainable development is to create a "green economy" which should encapsulate all three sectors: the industry, the people, and the government. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop and implement the green technologies into the existing facilities, especially in the developing countries. In this study, the role of green supply chains in eco-industrial parks (EIPs) towards a green economy was investigated. The strategies and effective evaluation procedures of the green economy were proposed by assessing the barriers from the perspective of institution, regulation, technology, and finance. In addition, three case studies from iron and steel-making, paper mill and pulping, and petrochemical industries were presented and illustrated for building the green supply chains. For example, in the case of Lin-Hai Industrial Park, a total of 15 efficient green supply chains using waste-to-resources technologies were established by 2012, resulting in an economic benefit of USD 100 million per year. It suggests that the green supply chains should be established to achieve both economic growth and environmental protection. With these successful experiences, building a green supply chain within industrial park should be extensively promoted to make traditional industries around the world being environmentally bearable, economic viable, and social equitable. PMID:26241931

  11. New Construction for Commercial Building (Restaurant By Considering The Green Building Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MF Baharom

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The Green Building Index (GBI is one of green building strategies that are needed in order to decrease the human technologies and waste made by them. Moreover, GBI is the latest green building strategies that been implemented in the new building construction in Malaysia. It is proven as the building sector consumes 40% of the total energy consumption in the world, thus increasing the environmental problems. Mechanical, cooling, lighting and ventilating spaces consume by far the most energy in buildings. Besides the energy consumption, the cost needed to develop the new building also been increased. This project sought to provide an understanding on the new construction of commercial building (restaurant which is selected with the objectives which to design all the electrical installation including the lighting system, air-conditioner, switch socket outlet (SSO, protection system, and cable selection in the commercial building (restaurant based on the Malaysia’s GBI, to analyze the lighting system by using DIALux software and all the connected electrical loads after implementing the GBI standards, and lastly to analyze the energy consumption as well as the cost in the new construction for commercial building (restaurant. The electrical installation and building design are done by using AutoCAD software whereas the lighting system is analyzed by using DIALux software. The load calculation, energy and cost consumption are been analyzed based on the GBI and electrical standards. Based on the results obtained, the overall energy and cost consumptions in the commercial building had been improved after implementing the green building strategies. The overall electrical installation in the building will be based on energy efficiency criteria of the GBI assessment criteria on the non-residential (commercial building which having the highest point. An electrical installation design, AutoCAD design, load calculation, energy and cost consumption are made

  12. Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building

    OpenAIRE

    Terwoert, J.; Ustailieva, E.

    2013-01-01

    This e-fact provides information on the work-related risk factors and the occupational safety and health (OSH) issues associated the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, on-site waste collection. Some of these OSH risks are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies or design. Other risks are well-known to the construction sector but they arise in new situations o...

  13. Multidisciplinary life cycle metrics and tools for green buildings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helgeson, Jennifer F; Lippiatt, Barbara C

    2009-07-01

    Building sector stakeholders need compelling metrics, tools, data, and case studies to support major investments in sustainable technologies. Proponents of green building widely claim that buildings integrating sustainable technologies are cost effective, but often these claims are based on incomplete, anecdotal evidence that is difficult to reproduce and defend. The claims suffer from 2 main weaknesses: 1) buildings on which claims are based are not necessarily "green" in a science-based, life cycle assessment (LCA) sense and 2) measures of cost effectiveness often are not based on standard methods for measuring economic worth. Yet, the building industry demands compelling metrics to justify sustainable building designs. The problem is hard to solve because, until now, neither methods nor robust data supporting defensible business cases were available. The US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Building and Fire Research Laboratory is beginning to address these needs by developing metrics and tools for assessing the life cycle economic and environmental performance of buildings. Economic performance is measured with the use of standard life cycle costing methods. Environmental performance is measured by LCA methods that assess the "carbon footprint" of buildings, as well as 11 other sustainability metrics, including fossil fuel depletion, smog formation, water use, habitat alteration, indoor air quality, and effects on human health. Carbon efficiency ratios and other eco-efficiency metrics are established to yield science-based measures of the relative worth, or "business cases," for green buildings. Here, the approach is illustrated through a realistic building case study focused on different heating, ventilation, air conditioning technology energy efficiency. Additionally, the evolution of the Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability multidisciplinary team and future plans in this area are described. PMID:20050028

  14. Green Roofs Impact on Buildings Cooling Load

    OpenAIRE

    Besbes, Karim; Zoughaib, Assaad; Bouchie, Remi; Farkh, Salem

    2012-01-01

    Green roofs are being more and more promoted in south Europe. The main sales arguments are based on esthetic, depolution and thermal comfort. This paper proposes a model of the heat and mass transfer phenomenon taking place in these roofs. An experimental validation of the model is performed and presented. Four types of roofs are studied; the varied parameter is the type of soil used for the vegetation and the thermal inertia of the roof itself. The use of the developed model permits to condu...

  15. Sustainable Building in China—A Green Leap Forward?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jialiang Wang

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available China is constructing new commercial buildings at an enormous rate—roughly 2 billion square meters per year, with considerable interest and activity in green design and construction. We review the context of commercial building design and construction in China, and look at a specific project as an example of a high performance, sustainable design, the Shenzhen Institute of Building Research (IBR. The IBR building incorporates over 40 sustainable technologies and strategies, including daylighting, natural ventilation, gray-water recycling, solar-energy generation, and highly efficient Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC systems. We present measured data on the performance of the building, including detailed analysis by energy end use, water use, and occupant comfort and satisfaction. Total building energy consumption in 2011 was 1151 MWh, with an Energy Use Intensity (EUI of 63 kWh/m2 (20 kBtu/ft2, which is 61% of the mean EUI value of 103 kWh/m2 (33 kBtu/ft2 for similar buildings in the region. We also comment on the unique design process, which incorporated passive strategies throughout the building, and has led to high occupant satisfaction with the natural ventilation, daylighting, and green patio work areas. Lastly we present thoughts on how the design philosophy of the IBR building can be a guide for low-energy design in different climate regions throughout China and elsewhere.

  16. Sustainable Building in China -- A Green Leap Forward?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diamond, Richard [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Ye, Qing [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Feng, Wei [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Yan, Tao [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Mao, Hongwei [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Li, Yutong [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Guo, Yongcong [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Wang, Jialiang [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China)

    2013-09-01

    China is constructing new commercial buildings at an enormous rate -- roughly 2 billion square meters per year, with considerable interest and activity in green design and construction. We review the context of commercial building design and construction in China, and look at a specific project as an example of a high performance, sustainable design, the Shenzhen Institute of Building Research (IBR). The IBR building incorporates over 40 sustainable technologies and strategies, including daylighting, natural ventilation, gray-water recycling, solar-energy generation, and highly efficient Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems. We present measured data on the performance of the building, including detailed analysis by energy end use, water use, and occupant comfort and satisfaction. Total building energy consumption in 2011 was 1151 MWh, with an Energy Use Intensity (EUI) of 63 kWh/m2 (20 kBtu/ft2), which is 61% of the mean EUI value of 103 kWh/m2 (33 kBtu/ft2) for similar buildings in the region. We also comment on the unique design process, which incorporated passive strategies throughout the building, and has led to high occupant satisfaction with the natural ventilation, daylighting, and green patio work areas. Lastly we present thoughts on how the design philosophy of the IBR building can be a guide for low-energy design in different climate regions throughout China and elsewhere.

  17. Green buildings. Laying tomorrow's foundations today

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijk, H.A.L. van

    2013-01-01

    Expectations about what buildings should be like have dramatically changed over time. Now the industry must strive to meet demands for functionality, comfort and design together with environmental sustainability and energy efficiency. ISO has developed a toolbox of practical state-of-the-art Interna

  18. Assessment Framework of Building Facade in Optimizing Indoor Thermal Comfort of Green Building Index (GBI Certified Office Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Tharim Asniza Hamimi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available During the past decade, the construction industry has seen a new trend in the development of “green” or “sustainable” construction concept around the world with vast support from prominent organization, together with the introduction of sustainable building codes. The establishment of green building certification systems worldwide is seen as one of the most efforts in the emerging green building movement. In order to support the development of the “green” and “sustainable” concept in Malaysia, Green Building Index (GBI was launched by the government on 21 May 2009 that created to promote sustainability in the built environment and raise awareness of environmental issues. However, the construction industry seems to have focused only on findings the “right mechanism” for an environmentally sustainable “final result” in order for the building to be certified as green with the lacking of continuous assessment on the building performance after the certifications. This study is purposely conducted to investigate the performance of various rated Green Building Index (GBI Non-Residential New Construction office buildings and the influence on Indoor Thermal Comfort (ITC of the selected buildings. The aim is to develop an assessment framework for optimum green building architectural façade to be used for office buildings in Malaysia as well as to analyse the occupants’ perception, satisfaction and performance in the selected Green Building Index (GBI rated office indoor environment. This research is still in its infancy; therefore the paper is focused on research aims, research scope and methodology, and expected deliverables for the proposed research.

  19. Green Building Construction Thermal Isolation Materials (Rockwool)

    OpenAIRE

    M. Itewi

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: Building insulation consisting roughly to anything in a structure that is utilizes as insulation for any reason. Thermal insulation in structures is a significant feature to attaining thermal comfort for its tenants. Approach: Insulation decreases unnecessary warmth loss or gain and can reduce the power burdens of heating and cooling structures. It does not automatically having anything to do with problems of sufficient exposure to air and might or might...

  20. Energy conservation in developing countries using green building idea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green buildings uses processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle. In these buildings Certain energy conservative and environment friendly steps are considered and implemented from design, construction, operation, maintenance and renovation. In present era no doubt new technologies are constantly constructed and used in creating greener structures, energy efficient buildings. The common objective is to reduce the overall impact of the built environment on human health using available energy efficiently. To increase the efficiency of the System or the building, Onsite generation of renewable energy through solar power, wind power, hydro power, or biomasscan significantly reduce the environmental impact of the building. Power generation is generally the most expensive feature to add to a building. Any how power generation using renewable sources that is Solar system may further enhance energy conservation ideas. Power Factor improvement can also be another source of efficient tool for efficient use of Electrical Energy in green buildings. In developing countries a significant amount of Electrical Energy can be conserved and System efficiency as a whole can be increased by Power Factor correction. The reverse flow of power can be locally engaged instead of creating extra stress and opposition to the existing grid lines.

  1. Energy conservation in developing countries using green building idea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashid, Akram; Mansoor Qureshi, Ijaz

    2013-06-01

    Green buildings uses processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle. In these buildings Certain energy conservative and environment friendly steps are considered and implemented from design, construction, operation, maintenance and renovation. In present era no doubt new technologies are constantly constructed and used in creating greener structures, energy efficient buildings. The common objective is to reduce the overall impact of the built environment on human health using available energy efficiently. To increase the efficiency of the System or the building, Onsite generation of renewable energy through solar power, wind power, hydro power, or biomasscan significantly reduce the environmental impact of the building. Power generation is generally the most expensive feature to add to a building. Any how power generation using renewable sources that is Solar system may further enhance energy conservation ideas. Power Factor improvement can also be another source of efficient tool for efficient use of Electrical Energy in green buildings. In developing countries a significant amount of Electrical Energy can be conserved and System efficiency as a whole can be increased by Power Factor correction. The reverse flow of power can be locally engaged instead of creating extra stress and opposition to the existing grid lines.

  2. Game-Based Learning for Green Building Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Kai Juan

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available To improve education regarding sustainability and green buildings, we designed a multiplayer (2–4 people green building strategy game called GBGame to deliver knowledge of and introduce applied technologies for green buildings. To verify the game’s learning effect, we conducted separate measurements using the ARCS motivation model and a paper-based exam among 72 students majoring in architecture. These students were divided into an experimental group (who played the game and a control group (who underwent lecture-based instruction. Results indicate that (1 game players had stronger learning motivation than those who attended the lectures; (2 players who learned through the game generally exhibited better learning effectiveness than non-players; (3 following cross-validation, we discovered a highly significant correlation between the learning effect and players’ attention, perception of relevance, confidence, and satisfaction during the game; and (4 the game system was found to be attractive to the students, implying that it can be an effective instructional and recreational material to use during green building education.

  3. Contribution Index Based on Green Building Certification Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuting Sun

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Green Building Certification Systems (GBCS are carried out in many countries due to the rising awareness of the importance of sustainability in the building industry. The intention should have motivated participants to construct and operate buildings sustainably, however, there is not yet a method developed to investigate the motivation of the participants. Based on the GBCS, this paper proposes the contribution index as a standard global method to analyze the performance of participants in the green building industry. Three contribution indices, namely Frequency Contribution Index (FCI, Intensity Contribution Index (ICI and Comprehensive Contribution Index (CCI that concern each different category of participant, have been formulated. Three further analyses based on the index were undertaken to investigate some features of the industry. A case study of Singapore was conducted to show how the contribution index could be used to extract industry patterns and trends and assess the participants’ performance in the green building industry. Interviews with experts provide some suggested applications and support for the findings.

  4. Landscape architecture student Christina Hicks receives recognition in James River Green Building Council's 2009 Green Spaces Competition

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, Heather Riley

    2009-01-01

    Christina Hicks of Stafford, Va., a fifth-year landscape architecture student, is the Honor Winner of the 2009 James River Green Building Council's (JRGBC) Green Spaces Competition in the student division.

  5. Environmental indicators: Establishing a common language for green building

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dammann, Sven; Elle, Morten

    2006-01-01

    objective of this study was to investigate if (and to what extent) consensus on environmental indicators for buildings as ‘a common language for green building’ can be reached among core actors in the Danish building sector and what such indicators could look like. Based on an analysis of current indicator...... environmental indicators. Applying the theory of the social construction of technology (SCOT) in a prospective way (in contrast to a retrospective analysis of present or past technology), the findings show that a closure of the indicator-debate on the basis of an all-actors consensus within the near future is...... unlikely. Instead, three likely scenarios are described for the future development of the indicator debate and the directions are identified into which different actors need to move in order to establish indicators that can serve as a common language for green building....

  6. AUTODESK® GREEN BUILDING STUDIO FOR AN ENERGY-EFFICIENT, SUSTAINABLE BUILDING

    OpenAIRE

    Le, Minh Khoi

    2014-01-01

    The thesis introduced AutoDesk® Green Building Studio (GBS) which is a software for analyzing the whole building. It gives the results of energy consumption such as water usage and costs, natural ventilation potential, carbon emissions based on an actual model, local energy sources and weather data. The aim of the research was to optimize a plan to achieve an energy-efficient, sustainable building by multiple choices of alternative designs. In addition, the comparison between AutoDesk® G...

  7. The case of Hong Kong : from conventional building to green building

    OpenAIRE

    Tam, Wing-ming; 譚永明

    2013-01-01

    Resources like water and electricity are limited and the usage of these resources are increasing along with the city’s development. Information released by different environmental organizations suggests that the consumption of these limited resources by a conventional building is huge. Green building plays an important role in improving this situation. This dissertation first finds out the energy usage of conventional buildings from different environmental organizations and different scho...

  8. Green Template for Life Cycle Assessment of Buildings Based on Building Information Modeling: Focus on Embodied Environmental Impact

    OpenAIRE

    Sungwoo Lee; Sungho Tae; Seungjun Roh; Taehyung Kim

    2015-01-01

    The increased popularity of building information modeling (BIM) for application in the construction of eco-friendly green buildings has given rise to techniques for evaluating green buildings constructed using BIM features. Existing BIM-based green building evaluation techniques mostly rely on externally provided evaluation tools, which pose problems associated with interoperability, including a lack of data compatibility and the amount of time required for format conversion. To overcome thes...

  9. Building materials in a green economy: A book review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazi Abdur Rouf

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the book ’Building Materials in a Green Economy' written by Brian Milani (2005. The book has eight chapters. This paper deals with the importance of building materials in our lives. The book mainly focuses on the centrality of building materials in all forms of society global indicates how materials are produced, used and reused, which will inevitably affect the quality of lives of those who harvest/create them versus those who benefit from the materials. Brian Milani highlights that the current process for managing building materials is not done in an eco-conscious manner that would entail conservation, maintenance and recycled materials. He addresses how regulation and education will be the key in making changes in the proper management of building materials. Also looks to understand how the building industry informs ‘positional economic development’; warns the readers about the destruction of the Mother Earth by corporations; and manufacturing not eco-friendly building materials and their wastage. Hence, it is important that corporations should produce building materials that are eco-friendly and care for environmental sovereignty.

  10. A Study on Plant Selection for Green Building Design

    OpenAIRE

    Izudinshah Abd. Wahab; Lokman Hakim Ismail

    2013-01-01

    Previous researches show that incorporating natural elements in design has proven a significant result in balancing building indoor environment. Using plant as part of the design has been widely accepted to contribute good thermal impact as shown in bioclimatic design, green roofing system and living wall elements. As there are so many species of plants for selection, this research was carried out to analyze types of indoor plants that have the potential to contribute thermal comfort to their...

  11. Green buildings in Malaysia towards greener environment: challenges for policy makers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The launch of the National Green Technology Policy (NGTP) in 2009 is a manifesto of the government's seriousness in implementing 'green' initiatives for the country. Specifically for buildings, the government promotes the application of renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) and the application of green building index. With the introduction of Low Carbon Cities Framework, Green Pass, Green Neighbourhood, Green Building Index by various agencies and organisations in Malaysia, it is time to look back and see how all these tools could come together. This paper attempts to identify the challenges in harmonising the green initiatives for policy makers toward greener environment for sustainability.

  12. Green buildings in Malaysia towards greener environment: challenges for policy makers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suhaida, M. S.; Tan, K. L.; Leong, Y. P.

    2013-06-01

    The launch of the National Green Technology Policy (NGTP) in 2009 is a manifesto of the government's seriousness in implementing "green" initiatives for the country. Specifically for buildings, the government promotes the application of renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) and the application of green building index. With the introduction of Low Carbon Cities Framework, Green Pass, Green Neighbourhood, Green Building Index by various agencies and organisations in Malaysia, it is time to look back and see how all these tools could come together. This paper attempts to identify the challenges in harmonising the green initiatives for policy makers toward greener environment for sustainability.

  13. Dynamic Simulation of the Green Roofs Impact on Building Energy Performance, Case Study of Antananarivo, Madagascar

    OpenAIRE

    Hery Tiana Rakotondramiarana; Tojo Fanomezana Ranaivoarisoa; Dominique Morau

    2015-01-01

    Green roofs improve building energy performance and constitute an alternative to sustainable buildings. A green roof model is dynamically coupled with a building thermal model to assess its energy performance that takes into account the indoor air temperature dynamic changes. Under the climate conditions in Antananarivo, we compared green and conventional roofs. The present study shows that green roofs protect the roof structure under extreme temperature and large temperature fluctuations. Fo...

  14. Environmental performance of green building code and certification systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suh, Sangwon; Tomar, Shivira; Leighton, Matthew; Kneifel, Joshua

    2014-01-01

    We examined the potential life-cycle environmental impact reduction of three green building code and certification (GBCC) systems: LEED, ASHRAE 189.1, and IgCC. A recently completed whole-building life cycle assessment (LCA) database of NIST was applied to a prototype building model specification by NREL. TRACI 2.0 of EPA was used for life cycle impact assessment (LCIA). The results showed that the baseline building model generates about 18 thousand metric tons CO2-equiv. of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and consumes 6 terajoule (TJ) of primary energy and 328 million liter of water over its life-cycle. Overall, GBCC-compliant building models generated 0% to 25% less environmental impacts than the baseline case (average 14% reduction). The largest reductions were associated with acidification (25%), human health-respiratory (24%), and global warming (GW) (22%), while no reductions were observed for ozone layer depletion (OD) and land use (LU). The performances of the three GBCC-compliant building models measured in life-cycle impact reduction were comparable. A sensitivity analysis showed that the comparative results were reasonably robust, although some results were relatively sensitive to the behavioral parameters, including employee transportation and purchased electricity during the occupancy phase (average sensitivity coefficients 0.26-0.29). PMID:24483287

  15. An Investigation of Factors Influencing Design Team Attributes in Green Buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed S. Elforgani; Ismail Rahmat

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: Buildings contribute significantly global environmental problems. Better design can minimize these impacts. Design Green Building (DGB) aims to reduce buildings' impact on the environment. However, the green design performance depends on design team attributes. In addition, the Governance System (GS) and Client Quality (CQ) as external factors have influence on Design Team Attributes (DTA) of green building. Approach: To identify mentioned factors questionnaire survey was c...

  16. Leadership for Inclusion School leadership that motivates teachers to build inclusive classrooms.

    OpenAIRE

    Qeleni, Merelesita Tiadama

    2013-01-01

    The promotion of inclusive education and demand by governments for schools to become a School for All will demand school leadership that will help classroom teachers build inclusive classrooms. Using qualitative interviews, the study investigated how three Norwegian inclusive school leaders motivated their teachers to build inclusive classrooms. The research found that the extent to which school leaders perceived the importance of inclusive education through the promotion of teachers learning...

  17. Assessment of the Green Building Education Needs of North Carolina Real Estate Appraisers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, Lee F., Jr.

    2011-12-01

    The construction industry has experienced little growth since the beginning of the 2008 recession. Despite this phenomenon, green building remains in the forefront as a growing sector within the industry. There are, however, many barriers to the success and widespread adoption of high performance green building practices. This study focused on the real estate appraisal industry's role in determining the value of properties with green features. The study sample included appraisers from regions within North Carolina that have the largest numbers of certified commercial and residential green buildings. The central hypothesis predicted that, regardless of the number of certified green buildings or properties with green building features within the study areas, appraisers lack the experience and knowledge needed in order to provide an accurate appraisal of these properties. The research methods used for this study included surveys, interviews, case studies, and an extensive international literature review. In addition, industry experts throughout the United States were interviewed. The study generated a green building education gap analysis of real estate appraisers in addition to identification of the primary methods currently being used in the valuation of properties with green features. The results of this research will be utilized by green building workforce development providers and for the creation of green building continuing education and regional certification programs for real estate appraisers and other building professionals.

  18. Market Analysis of non-structural chemical products within the Green Building trend

    OpenAIRE

    Soler Blasco, Antonia Elisa

    2014-01-01

    Green Building is a growing trend within the construction industry. HILTI AG, International Company that provides tools and consumables to the Construction Industry, and more concretely Business Unit Chemicals, noticed it from customers asking for information to get a Green Building Certification. Taking it as starting point, it has been developed the current Master Thesis with the aim to describe the Green Building Market in United States and Canada (the biggest markets) in order to know the...

  19. The Teaching Green School Building: A Framework for Linking Architecture and Environmental Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Laura B.

    2014-01-01

    The "Teaching Green School Building" is an emergent type of school building that attempts to engage building users with environmental issues in buildings. Architectural interventions in these buildings range from signage to interactive touch screens to gardens and demonstration kitchens that foster educational programmes about…

  20. Green Kidz: Young learners engage in intercultural environmental citizenship in the English language classroom in Argentina and Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Porto, Melina; Daryai-Hansen, Petra; Arcuri, Maria Emilia;

    2016-01-01

    Projektet "Green Kidz. Intercultural environmental citizenship in the English language classroom in Argentina and Denmark" er en del af et internationalt udviklingsprojekt, der er ledet af Michael Byram, Durham University. Projektet belyser, hvordan interkulturelt medborgerskab kan styrkes i...

  1. A Pragmatist Perspective on Building Intercultural Communicative Competency: From Theory to Classroom Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moeller, Aleidine J.; Osborn, Sarah R. Faltin

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes and synthesizes the major theoretical frameworks for building intercultural communicative competency (ICC) within the domain of the foreign language classroom. Researchers used a pragmatist orientation as a venue for the translation of theoretical models into usable, accessible guidelines for classroom teachers in order to…

  2. Brief Analysis on Building High Efficiency of Classroom Teaching in Primary School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘智爱

    2013-01-01

    It has three aspects to discuss the strategy on how to build the high efficiency classroom teaching from the preparation before class, the teaching process and the teaching after the class. New curriculum reformation calls for the innovation of classroom to build the efficient class and then effectively inspire students’ learning enthusiasms. It requires teachers should make clear, scientific, comprehensive teaching objectives and control the whole teaching processes. Let the students enjoy the successfull learning and enhance their confidence in learning English.

  3. A Study on Plant Selection for Green Building Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izudinshah Abd. Wahab

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Previous researches show that incorporating natural elements in design has proven a significant result in balancing building indoor environment. Using plant as part of the design has been widely accepted to contribute good thermal impact as shown in bioclimatic design, green roofing system and living wall elements. As there are so many species of plants for selection, this research was carried out to analyze types of indoor plants that have the potential to contribute thermal comfort to their surrounding. Based on the fact that plant leaves are the part where transpiration and guttation take place, plants are categorized into seven types based on their leaves architecture. They were then tested on their impact on surrounding temperature and humidity. Result shows that Linear, Lanceolate and Oblong shaped leaves categories are good in lowering the relative humidity while the categories that are good in lowering the temperature are Linear, Lanceolate, Cordate and Oblong shaped leaves categories. The study was carried out through series of relative humidity and air temperature monitoring of several room casings that consist with the plants. Both relative humidity and air temperature of the rooms with plants were recorded lower compared with the one without plant. Different categories of plants do give good result in relative humidity and air temperature. Thus, with a good combination of plant installation inside or onto building, it may contribute towards providing a good thermal comfort to the occupants.

  4. Performance Evaluation of Green Roof for Thermal Protection of Buildings In Reunion Island

    OpenAIRE

    Morau, Dominique; Libelle, Teddy; Garde, François

    2012-01-01

    International audience Green roofs provide environmental benefits by protecting buildings against solar radiation and temperature fluctuations and by reducing building's energy consumption by direct shading. Our objective was to evaluate for the first time the performance of an extensive green roof in Reunion Island (Indian Ocean) influenced by a tropical humid climate. The green roof performance was explored by evaluating its effect on temperature fluctuations and heat fluxes during the s...

  5. Comparative Policy Study for Green Buildings in U.S. and China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khanna, Nina; Romankiewicz, John; Feng, Wei; Zhou, Nan; Ye, Qing

    2014-04-01

    Prominent barriers facing the U.S. green building industry include the fact that government bodies that supervise health, fire safety, land, and other public operations are slow to revise codes to accommodate green building (regulatory barrier). In China, the lack of a green building professional accreditation process similar to the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) AP process limits the green building workforce capacity development (informational barrier). The main policies highlighted in this report to tackle these barriers are 1) comprehensive codes and labeling plan (informational, institutional), 2) government-led targets and demonstrations (risk), 3) education and awareness programs (informational), 4) fiscal policy that supports green building investment (financial), and 5) integrated design promotion (institutional, financial).

  6. Effects of building roof greening on air quality in street canyons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baik, Jong-Jin; Kwak, Kyung-Hwan; Park, Seung-Bu; Ryu, Young-Hee

    2012-12-01

    Building roof greening is a successful strategy for improving urban thermal environment. It is of theoretical interest and practical importance to study the effects of building roof greening on urban air quality in a systematic and quantitative way. In this study, we examine the effects of building roof greening on air quality in street canyons using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model that includes the thermodynamic energy equation and the transport equation of passive, non-reactive pollutants. For simplicity, building roof greening is represented by specified cooling. Results for a simple building configuration with a street canyon aspect ratio of one show that the cool air produced due to building roof greening flows into the street canyon, giving rise to strengthened street canyon flow. The strengthened street canyon flow enhances pollutant dispersion near the road, which decreases pollutant concentration there. Thus, building roof greening improves air quality near the road. The degree of air quality improvement near the road increases as the cooling intensity increases. In the middle region of the street canyon, the air quality can worsen when the cooling intensity is not too strong. Results for a real urban morphology also show that building roof greening improves air quality near roads. The degree of air quality improvement near roads due to building roof greening depends on the ambient wind direction. These findings provide a theoretical foundation for constructing green roofs for the purpose of improving air quality near roads or at a pedestrian level as well as urban thermal environment. Further studies using a CFD model coupled with a photochemistry model and a surface energy balance model are required to evaluate the effects of building roof greening on air quality in street canyons in a more realistic framework.

  7. Time to propagate green building construction concept for saving precious resources sustainable development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At present, we are constructing houses and buildings without giving any consideration to consumption of resources at the time of construction and consumption of resources for the use of such houses or buildings. ; Although green is our color but we are doing little about green building. Time has now come to propagate Green Building Construction Concepts in order to save our precious resources. The paper deals with dire need of awareness about conservation of water, conservation of energy, use of local materials, use of natural materials, etc. (author)

  8. The market for green building in developed Asian cities. The perspectives of building designers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green building (GB) is part of the concept of promoting sustainability. Although GB and the concept of sustainability are well studied for environmental concerns, their business rationale and related social concerns have not been fully explored or widely accepted by the parties involved in the building sector. In this study, the situation of GB market in relation to the general building market is reviewed and the business rationales of stakeholders to invest in the GB market have been investigated from the perspective of building designers. In addition, the factors that enhance the popularity of GB have been explored and the obstacles that hinder its market have been examined. The data are collected by a questionnaire survey covering building designers in Hong Kong and Singapore, the cities that are categorized as economically developed cities in Asia. After data analysis of the survey, this paper presents the findings of the business reasons for stakeholders to be involved in GB, the most favorable conditions required to promote GB business and the important obstacles that hinder its popularity. Based on the findings, recommendations and policy implications are tendered. (author)

  9. The market for green building in developed Asian cities-the perspectives of building designers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green building (GB) is part of the concept of promoting sustainability. Although GB and the concept of sustainability are well studied for environmental concerns, their business rationale and related social concerns have not been fully explored or widely accepted by the parties involved in the building sector. In this study, the situation of GB market in relation to the general building market is reviewed and the business rationales of stakeholders to invest in the GB market have been investigated from the perspective of building designers. In addition, the factors that enhance the popularity of GB have been explored and the obstacles that hinder its market have been examined. The data are collected by a questionnaire survey covering building designers in Hong Kong and Singapore, the cities that are categorized as economically developed cities in Asia. After data analysis of the survey, this paper presents the findings of the business reasons for stakeholders to be involved in GB, the most favorable conditions required to promote GB business and the important obstacles that hinder its popularity. Based on the findings, recommendations and policy implications are tendered.

  10. Doing Well by Doing Good? Green Office Buildings. Program on Housing and Urban Policy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eichholtz, P.; Kok, N. [Maastricht University, Maastricht (Netherlands); Quigley, J.M. [Institute of Business and Economic Research IBER, Fisher Center for Real Estate and Urban Economics, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2009-08-15

    This paper provides the first credible evidence on the economic value of the certification of 'green buildings' - value derived from impersonal market transactions rather than engineering estimates. For some 10,000 subject and control buildings, we match publicly available information on the addresses of Energy Star and LEED-rated (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) office buildings to the characteristics of these buildings, their rental rates and selling prices. We find that buildings with a 'green rating' command rental rates that are roughly three percent higher per square foot than otherwise identical buildings - controlling for the quality and the specific location of office buildings. Ceteris paribus, premiums in effective rents are even higher - above six percent. Selling prices of green buildings are higher by about 16 percent. For the Energy-Star-certified buildings in this sample, we subsequently obtained detailed estimates of site and source energy usage from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Our analysis establishes that variations in the premium for green office buildings are systematically related to their energy-saving characteristics. For example, calculations show that a one dollar saving in energy costs from increased thermal efficiency yields roughly 18 dollars in the increased valuation of an Energy-Star certified building. Beyond the direct effects of energy savings, further evidence suggests that the intangible effects of the label itself also play a role in determining the value of green buildings in the marketplace.

  11. Mind the Gap:Predicted vs.Actual Performance of Green Buildings%Mind the Gap:Predicted vs. Actual Performance of Green Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Brett Pollard

    2012-01-01

    This paper reviews the major North American and Australian sustainability rating tools to determine how they measure building energy performance. It then reviews the major building energy simulation software packages.The paper then details some of the literature surrounding predicted vs. actual energy performance in green buildings,and concludes with an argument for a more performance-orientated ratings regime.

  12. Ideate about building green mine of uranium mining and metallurgy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analysing the current situation of uranium mining and metallurgy; Setting up goals for green uranium mining and metallurgy, its fundamental conditions, Contents and measures. Putting forward an idea to combine green uranium mining and metallurgy with the state target for green mining, and keeping its own characteristics. (author)

  13. PROSPECTS FOR CERTIFICATION OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS ON THE "GREEN" STANDARDS IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TIMOSHENKO E. А.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Problem formulation. We consider the main principles of urban ecology as a basis for the creation and development of "green" building. The purpose of article. The purpose of this article is to analyze the international certification scheme for buildings "green" standards, as well as the prospects of Ukraine in the formation of national "green" standards in residential construction. Analysis of publications. The main objectives of promotion of "green" building and certification in Ukraine is the union of experts from various fields, training of the relevant standards, the development of the regulatory framework, as well as the market development of ecological materials and services, the positioning "green" construction as a rational approach to the design stage of the building, in the future will help to optimize operating costs. The presentation material. One of the primary tasks of promoting "green" building in Ukraine is to develop a national standard for green building, as there is currently no data on the systems of certified projects LEED, BREEAM and other voluntary rating systems. Conclusions lie in the feasibility of certification of real estate investors, tenants and designers of public buildings.

  14. Dynamic Simulation of the Green Roofs Impact on Building Energy Performance, Case Study of Antananarivo, Madagascar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hery Tiana Rakotondramiarana

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Green roofs improve building energy performance and constitute an alternative to sustainable buildings. A green roof model is dynamically coupled with a building thermal model to assess its energy performance that takes into account the indoor air temperature dynamic changes. Under the climate conditions in Antananarivo, we compared green and conventional roofs. The present study shows that green roofs protect the roof structure under extreme temperature and large temperature fluctuations. For the case of Antananarivo, the amplitude of the temperature fluctuations at the top face of the support is reduced by 28 °C when using green roof. The impact of the green roof on indoor air temperature and energy demand is investigated. The vegetation decreases the maximum indoor air temperature and improves the building thermal comfort during summer days. It has no effect on the minimum indoor air temperature, but additional soil thickness can increase it. In addition, a global sensitivity analysis, which is carried out on the proposed model without considering any specific weather data, allows us to identify the most influential parameters on the energy demand. It has been found that green roofs have almost insignificant thermal impact in insulated buildings; however, their potential prevails over the building envelope and weather characteristics in the case of non-insulated building.

  15. Storytelling Dramas as a Community Building Activity in an Early Childhood Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Cheryl; Diener, Marissa L.; Kemp, Jacqueline Lindsay

    2013-01-01

    Healthy social-emotional development is promoted by building a safe, secure and respectful environment in an early childhood setting with positive and consistent relationships among adults, children, and their peers. This study explored storytelling dramas as an opportunity to build community within the context of one early childhood classroom.…

  16. Green Template for Life Cycle Assessment of Buildings Based on Building Information Modeling: Focus on Embodied Environmental Impact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sungwoo Lee

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The increased popularity of building information modeling (BIM for application in the construction of eco-friendly green buildings has given rise to techniques for evaluating green buildings constructed using BIM features. Existing BIM-based green building evaluation techniques mostly rely on externally provided evaluation tools, which pose problems associated with interoperability, including a lack of data compatibility and the amount of time required for format conversion. To overcome these problems, this study sets out to develop a template (the “green template” for evaluating the embodied environmental impact of using a BIM design tool as part of BIM-based building life-cycle assessment (LCA technology development. Firstly, the BIM level of detail (LOD was determined to evaluate the embodied environmental impact, and constructed a database of the impact factors of the embodied environmental impact of the major building materials, thereby adopting an LCA-based approach. The libraries of major building elements were developed by using the established databases and compiled evaluation table of the embodied environmental impact of the building materials. Finally, the green template was developed as an embodied environmental impact evaluation tool and a case study was performed to test its applicability. The results of the green template-based embodied environmental impact evaluation of a test building were validated against those of its actual quantity takeoff (2D takeoff, and its reliability was confirmed by an effective error rate of ≤5%. This study aims to develop a system for assessing the impact of the substances discharged from concrete production process on six environmental impact categories, i.e., global warming (GWP, acidification (AP, eutrophication (EP, abiotic depletion (ADP, ozone depletion (ODP, and photochemical oxidant creation (POCP, using the life a cycle assessment (LCA method. To achieve this, we proposed an LCA method

  17. KPI Building Blocks For Successful Green Transport Corridor Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prause Gunnar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The green transport corridor concept represents a cornerstone in the development of integrated and sustainable transport solutions. Important properties of green corridors are their transnational character and their high involvement of large numbers of public and private stakeholders, including political level, requiring sophisticated approaches for implementation, management and governance. The current scientific discussion focusses on Key Performance Indicators (KPI for monitoring and management of green transport corridor performance emphasizing the operational aspects.

  18. Green Building Challenge 98 (GBC 98) - process, boundary conditions, tools of assessment, demonstration projects. Final report; Green Building Challenge 98 (GBC 98) - Prozess, Rahmenwerk, Bewertungstool, Demonstrationsgebaeude. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loehnert, G. [Solidar Planungsgesellschaft Architekten und Ingenieure, Berlin (Germany); Luetzkendorf, T. [Bauhaus-Universitaet Weimar (DE). Inst. fuer Ressourcenschonendes Bauen (IREB); Schuler, M. [TRANSSOLAR Energietechnik GmbH, Stuttgart (Germany); Kohler, N. [ifib, Universitaet Karlsruhe (TH) (Germany)

    2000-06-01

    Project goals: (a) Establishment of general definitions for green buildings on the basis of national and regional conditions for individualized application of an assessment system; (b) Transfer of environmentally and energy-relevant planning indicators from successful projects to other projects in order to produce multiplication effects; (c) Development of internationally comparable orientation aids and standards for green buildings, identification and documentation of exceptional and standard-setting buildings; (d) Development and follow-up of a long-term development process and information exchange for providing the preconditions for advertizing and marketing of green building concepts. [German] Zielsetzung und Anlass des Vorhabens: Entwicklung und Information ueber die Fortschritte und Umsetzungsmoeglichkeiten in der Bewertung von Leistungen und Qualitaeten umweltentlastender Bauweisen fuer Wissenschaftler, Planer und Bauherren. Die Projektziele verfolgen im einzelnen die: (a) Schaffung allgemeingueltiger Definitionen umweltgerechter Bauweisen (green buildings) auf der Basis nationaler / regional-spezifischer Bedingungen fuer die individuelle Anwendung eines Bewertungssystems (b) Uebertragung von umwelt- und energierelevanten Planungsindikatoren aus erfolgreichen Einzelprojekten auf andere Projekte zur Erzeugung von Multiplikatoreneffekten (c) Entwicklung international vergleichbarer Orientierungshilfen und Massstaebe fuer das umweltgerechte Gebaeude sowie die Identifizierung und Dokumentation aussergewoehnlicher und vorbildlicher Gebaeude (d) Foerderung und Pflege eines langfristigen Entwicklungsprozesses und Informationsaustausches mit dem Ziel, Voraussetzungen zur Werbung und Marktumsetzung 'gruener' Gebaeude-/Baukonzepte zu liefern. (orig.)

  19. Theoretical Explanations of Environmental Motivations and Expectations of Clients on Green Building Demand and Investment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iheanyichukwu Joachim, Onuoha; Kamarudin, Norhaya; Uche Aliagha, Godwin; Ufere, Kalu Joseph

    2015-01-01

    In building industry, green demand and investment creates a positive footprint on the environment. However, these environmental opportunities have not been adequately harnessed and explored by Clients of green building apparently because of poor understanding of the motivating drivers and benefits accruing from green building demand and investment. The decision to demand for or invest in green building is influenced by certain environmental motivating drivers and expectations which have not been fully examined by researchers and not well understood by stakeholders. Based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) and Theory of Value Belief Norm (VBN) explanations, this study focused on the Clients, purchasers and users' motivations and intentions to go for green building. Based on the reviewed theories, we hypothesized that environmental motivations and expectations for green building demand and investment are embedded in the environmental quest for protection of eco-system and bio-diversity, improvement of water and air quality, reduction of solid waste, conservation of natural resources, reduction of societal costs of landfill creation and maintenance, minimization of site impact and reduction emission to air and enhanced energy efficiency. However, the predictive validity of these propositions depends on the client's beliefs, values, social pressure, and perceived behavioural control.

  20. Theoretical Explanations of Environmental Motivations and Expectations of Clients on Green Building Demand and Investment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In building industry, green demand and investment creates a positive footprint on the environment. However, these environmental opportunities have not been adequately harnessed and explored by Clients of green building apparently because of poor understanding of the motivating drivers and benefits accruing from green building demand and investment. The decision to demand for or invest in green building is influenced by certain environmental motivating drivers and expectations which have not been fully examined by researchers and not well understood by stakeholders. Based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) and Theory of Value Belief Norm (VBN) explanations, this study focused on the Clients, purchasers and users' motivations and intentions to go for green building. Based on the reviewed theories, we hypothesized that environmental motivations and expectations for green building demand and investment are embedded in the environmental quest for protection of eco-system and bio-diversity, improvement of water and air quality, reduction of solid waste, conservation of natural resources, reduction of societal costs of landfill creation and maintenance, minimization of site impact and reduction emission to air and enhanced energy efficiency. However, the predictive validity of these propositions depends on the client's beliefs, values, social pressure, and perceived behavioural control

  1. Modelling the affordance in the field of green building

    OpenAIRE

    Bona, Audrey

    2016-01-01

    The energetic performance of sustainable buildings is significantly lower than expected and therefore the impact of user behaviour becomes a crucial element. Different solutions are implemented to achieve predicted performance; these range from information i.e. user guides, to the influence of user behaviour through building automation reducing the users’ control. The possibility of designing more efficient buildings without altering the relationship between the user and the building, and wit...

  2. Building an Astronomy Community to Sustain Research in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croft, S. K.; Pompea, S. M.; Walker, C. E.; NOAO Education Outreach Team

    2004-12-01

    Teacher Leaders in Research Based Science Education (TLRBSE) is a teacher professional development program that has been created at the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) in Tucson, AZ, for middle and high school science teachers. It integrates several prominent trends in American science education, including the use of technology in the classroom, the development of inquiry-based science curricula closely modeling professional science practice, teacher retention and renewal, and the creation of communities of science learners consisting of both teachers and students. TLRBSE is designed to give middle and high school science teachers experience in working on real astronomy research projects with each other and with professional scientists. The teachers are also trained in research-based pedagogy so that they can effectively take these research projects into their classrooms to share with their students and colleagues. Program elements include: a 14-week graduate-level distance-learning course, a two-week on-site training workshop in Tucson that includes a week's observing at Kitt Peak using world-class telescopes, use of research-based science education in the classroom, and two years mentoring of three inexperienced science teachers. Our current research projects are Nova Search, Active Galactic Nuclei, Variable Stars, and Zeeman Splitting in Sunspots. Students and teachers in the program are also able to publish their research projects in the RBSE Journal. New program elements designed to provide ongoing activity in the learning community and increase teacher and student astronomical research skills include the Remote Telescope Observing Program in which students run telescopes in real time from their classroom, and the Teacher Observing Program in which individual teachers return to Kitt Peak with a small team of students to carry out their own research projects. This project is supported by NSF.

  3. Promote Green Building, Facilitate Energy Efficiency and Emissions Reduction, and Improve Habitat Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ Green building here refers to the practice of creating structures able to best achieve efficient and environmentally friendly use of resources (energy, land, water, materials) throughout the life-cycle so as to offer healthy, convenient and pleasant buildings for people to live and work in in harmony with nature.It has become a worldwide trend in the development of the construction industry.

  4. Optimization of the Operation of Green Buildings applying the Facility Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somorová, Viera

    2014-06-01

    Nowadays, in the field of civil engineering there exists an upward trend towards environmental sustainability. It relates mainly to the achievement of energy efficiency and also to the emission reduction throughout the whole life cycle of the building, i.e. in the course of its implementation, use and liquidation. These requirements are fulfilled, to a large extent, by green buildings. The characteristic feature of green buildings are primarily highly-sophisticated technical and technological equipments which are installed therein. The sophisticated systems of technological equipments need also the sophisticated management. From this point of view the facility management has all prerequisites to meet this requirement. The paper is aimed to define the facility management as an effective method which enables the optimization of the management of supporting activities by creating conditions for the optimum operation of green buildings viewed from the aspect of the environmental conditions

  5. Multi-Player Epistemic Games: Guiding the Enactment of Classroom Knowledge-Building Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bielaczyc, Katerine; Ow, John

    2014-01-01

    Teachers and students face many challenges in shifting from traditional classroom cultures to enacting the "Knowledge-Building Communities" model (KBC model) supported by the CSCL environment, "Knowledge Forum" (Bereiter, 2002; Bereiter & Scardamalia, 1993; Scardamalia, 2002; Scardamalia & Bereiter, 2006). Enacting the…

  6. Building Social Inclusion through Critical Arts-Based Pedagogies in University Classroom Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chappell, Sharon Verner; Chappell, Drew

    2016-01-01

    In humanities and education university classrooms, the authors facilitated counter-narrative arts-based inquiry projects in order to build critical thought and social inclusion. The first author examines public performance installations created by graduate students in elementary and bilingual education on needs-based and dignity-based rights of…

  7. Engaging the Spiritual Intelligence of Gifted Students to Build Global Awareness in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sisk, Dorothy

    2008-01-01

    Spiritual intelligence--using a multisensory approach to access one's inner knowledge to solve global problems--can be an integrating theme to engage gifted students in building global awareness in the classroom. This article introduces individuals providing training in higher consciousness and presents examples of strategies to further develop…

  8. Orchestrating Classrooms: A Collaborative Inquiry Study of Novice Teacher Community Building

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welte, Leah G.

    2011-01-01

    Creating a community of learners with and among students in a collaborative classroom environment provides the keystone for developing the skills necessary for success in the 21st century. Some preservice teachers envision that community building can enhance the learning experience for them and their students and want to learn and employ the…

  9. Marketing green buildings - well structured process or forgotten minor detail? Evidence from Finland

    OpenAIRE

    H. Eerikäinen; Sarasoja, A.L.

    2012-01-01

    Previous research has shown that buildings have a significant impact on the environment and small changes in their sustainability can create major improvements to the current environmental impact of the whole society (Eichholtz et al. 2009; Junnila 2004). The technology needed to build environmentally efficient buildings and the knowledge about their benefits is available, however, the ways of marketing these benefits to the public and customers and through this increasing the amount of green...

  10. A Web-based Collaborative System Framework for Green Building Certification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jack C.P. Cheng

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The built environment is moving towards sustainable development and the number of green buildings increased worldwide in recent years. Green buildings are environmentally, socially and economically desirable; however the certification of green buildings is often expensive and labor-intensive. The document preparation and review process for green building certification is iterative in nature and requires the collaboration of many project participants, certification organizations and third party engineering consultants. This paper aims at developing a system framework that can assist the green building certification process. Different certification standards have been studied and their scope and credit calculation were compared to understand the requirements of the system framework. Based on the study, the required features were designed as follows, (1 role-based access control, (2 document manager and related document discovery, (3 workflow manager, (4 credit manager, and (5 knowledge manager. The features of the system provide a collaborative environment and reduce repetitive works commonly occurring in manual processes. The features of the system framework are discussed and illustrated considering the Hong Kong BEAM Plus standard. This paper also describes how the system framework enhances collaboration in the certification process

  11. Building Classroom and Organizational Structure Around Positive Cultural Values

    CERN Document Server

    Albanna, Badr F; Dounas-Frazer, Dimitri R; Little, Angela; Zaniewski, Anna M

    2012-01-01

    The Compass Project is a self-formed group of graduate and undergraduate students in the physical sciences at UC Berkeley. Our goals are to improve undergraduate physics education, provide opportunities for professional development, and increase retention of students-especially those from populations typically underrepresented in the physical sciences. Compass fosters a diverse, collaborative student community by providing a wide range of services, including a summer program and fall/spring seminar courses. We describe Compass's cultural values, discuss how community members are introduced to and help shape those values, and demonstrate how a single set of values informs the structure of both our classroom and organization.We emphasize that all members of the Compass community participate in, and benefit from, our cultural values, regardless of status as student, teacher, or otherwise.

  12. The Influence of Green Building Certification Schemes on Real Estate Investor Behaviour: Evidence from Singapore

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Based on an adaptive choice-based conjoint analysis, the aim of this paper is to ascertain the extent to which various characteristics of a condominium unit, and in particular the Building and Construction Authority (BCA) Green Mark Scheme, influence prospective real estate investors' preferences for condominium units in Singapore. Through the analysis, this study determines that premium buyers would be willing to pay for property certified by the Green Mark Scheme. The results suggest that t...

  13. The true value of materials:BRIDGE (Building Research and Innovation Deals for the Green Economy)

    OpenAIRE

    Farrer, Joan; Watt, Carolyn A.

    2015-01-01

    Assessing the value of materials, lifecycle and applications was central to the European Union INTERREG IV project BRIDGE (Building Research and Innovation Deals for the Green Economy) 2011–2014. Here, the complex philosophies of sustainability (protection of people, profit and planet) underpinned innovation, knowledge transfer, data visualization and design thinking, to develop green entrepreneurs, and market differentiation in Southern England and Northern France Channel regions. The model ...

  14. Assessment of the hydrological impacts of green roof: From building scale to basin scale

    OpenAIRE

    Versini, P.-A.; D. Ramier; Berthier, E.; de Gouvello, B.

    2015-01-01

    International audience At the building scale, the use of green roof has shown a positive impact on urban runoff (decrease and slowdown in peak discharge, decrease in runoff volume). The present work aims to study whether similar effects are possible at the basin scale and what is the minimum spreading of green runoff needed to observe significant impacts. It is particularly focused on the circumstances of such impacts and how they can contribute to storm water management in urban environme...

  15. Hazard identification checklist: Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building

    OpenAIRE

    Terwoert, J.; Ustailieva, E.

    2013-01-01

    This checklist accompanies the e-fact on the same topic and aims to help identify the potential hazards to workers’ safety and health associated with the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, and on-site waste collection. It also gives examples of preventive measures to address these hazards. Some of these OSH hazards are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies ...

  16. Building energy modeling for green architecture and intelligent dashboard applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeBlois, Justin

    Buildings are responsible for 40% of the carbon emissions in the United States. Energy efficiency in this sector is key to reducing overall greenhouse gas emissions. This work studied the passive technique called the roof solar chimney for reducing the cooling load in homes architecturally. Three models of the chimney were created: a zonal building energy model, computational fluid dynamics model, and numerical analytic model. The study estimated the error introduced to the building energy model (BEM) through key assumptions, and then used a sensitivity analysis to examine the impact on the model outputs. The conclusion was that the error in the building energy model is small enough to use it for building simulation reliably. Further studies simulated the roof solar chimney in a whole building, integrated into one side of the roof. Comparisons were made between high and low efficiency constructions, and three ventilation strategies. The results showed that in four US climates, the roof solar chimney results in significant cooling load energy savings of up to 90%. After developing this new method for the small scale representation of a passive architecture technique in BEM, the study expanded the scope to address a fundamental issue in modeling - the implementation of the uncertainty from and improvement of occupant behavior. This is believed to be one of the weakest links in both accurate modeling and proper, energy efficient building operation. A calibrated model of the Mascaro Center for Sustainable Innovation's LEED Gold, 3,400 m2 building was created. Then algorithms were developed for integration to the building's dashboard application that show the occupant the energy savings for a variety of behaviors in real time. An approach using neural networks to act on real-time building automation system data was found to be the most accurate and efficient way to predict the current energy savings for each scenario. A stochastic study examined the impact of the

  17. STUDI TERHADAP KONSERVASI ENERGI PADA GEDUNG SEWAKA DHARMA KOTA DENPASAR YANG MENERAPKAN KONSEP GREEN BUILDING

    OpenAIRE

    I Wayan Swi Putra

    2015-01-01

    Gedung  Sewaka  Dharma  Kota  Denpasar  dibangun  dengan  konsep  desain  green building. Dengan konsep desain green  building, gedung Sewaka Dharma diharapkan mampu menghemat energi di  dalam pengoperasiannya. Konsep desain green building yang diterapkan antara  lain,  gedung  dibuat  dengan  banyak  jendela  kaca,  memakai  sistem  ventilasi  vertikal, lingkungan  di  dalam  dan  di  luar  gedung  yang  hijau  serta  pemakaian  solar  sel  untuk  lampu penerangan  luar  dalam  mengurangi  k...

  18. Fire Risk Analysis and Optimization of Fire Prevention Management for Green Building Design and High Rise Buildings: Hong Kong Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yau Albert

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available There are many iconic high rise buildings in Hong Kong, for example, International Commercial Centre, International Financial Centre, etc. Fire safety issue in high rise buildings has been raised by local fire professionals in terms of occupant evacuation, means of fire-fighting by fire fighters, sprinkler systems to automatically put off fires in buildings, etc. Fire risk becomes an important issue in building fire safety because it relates to life safety of building occupants where they live and work in high rise buildings in Hong Kong. The aim of this research is to identify the fire risk for different types of high rise buildings in Hong Kong and to optimise the fire prevention management for those high rise buildings with higher level of fire risk and to validate the model and also to carry out the study of the conflict between the current fire safety building code and the current trend of green building design. Survey via the 7-point scale questionnaire was conducted through 50 participants and their responses were received and analysed via the statistical tool SPSS software computer program. A number of statistical methods of testing for significantly difference in samples were adopted to carry out the analysis of the data received. When the statistical analysis was completed, the results of the data analysis were validated by two Fire Safety Experts in this area of specialisation and also by quantitative fire risk analysis.

  19. Storytelling in the Multicultural Classroom: A Study in Community Building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies-Gibson, Miriam R.

    Communication scholars are uniquely suited to developing and implementing mechanisms that will promote a multicultural dialogue and build community. Storytelling is one such mechanism. Storytelling can be beneficial to the spiritual psyche on both the individual and universal levels. The folktale "The Princess Who Wanted to See G-d" demonstrates…

  20. Exploiting Opportunities in Green Building Certification : A study of how energy supply compaies can engage in the green building certification market.

    OpenAIRE

    Cardfelt, Viktor; Boström, Patric

    2015-01-01

    This study departed from a research basis being somewhat lacking in the context of green building certification and especially the two-folded problem, regarding the characteristics of the network of business relationships and how an energy supply company should exploit opportunities in this network context and its relationships. As such, the purpose of this study is to investigate and analyse the network context and its business relationship characteristics, as well as to present recommendati...

  1. Going Green: The Vital Role of Community Colleges in Building a Sustainable Future and Green Workforce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldbaum, Mindy

    2009-01-01

    The emerging transition to a low-carbon and sustainable economy holds great promise for economic growth and prosperity, innovation, and job creation. New green technologies and discoveries--coupled with new demand and forward-thinking public policies that advance sustainability and encourage public-private investments--are starting to transform…

  2. VOCs and odors: key factors in selecting `green` building materials?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coombs, C. [Steven Winter Associates Inc., Norwalk, CT and Washington DC (United States)

    1998-12-01

    The current state of knowledge available for selecting building materials on the basis of emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and odors is reviewed. The significance of VOCs and odors in building materials is related to their role in influencing indoor air quality. As far as toxicity is concerned, many of the VOCs detected in indoor air are relatively inert when considered singly. They are not however, unimportant because in actual fact they are invariably found in mixtures some of which can be toxic. Although knowledge of VOCs is incomplete, it is important to specify ozone-resistant polymeric building products, i.e. those that are chemically stable and inert to oxidation. In addition to VOCs, attention should also be focused on semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) since they are even more persistent than VOCs and tend to offgas for prolonged periods of time. Similarly, it is reasonable to specify low-odor materials. Inclusion of issues related to complex indoor chemistry, less volatile emissions, in addition to VOCs and odor, should in time result in expanded choices of building materials that promote indoor air quality. 16 refs.,2 tabs.

  3. Parametric study on the performance of green residential buildings in China

    OpenAIRE

    Xi Wang; Hasim Altan; Jian Kang

    2015-01-01

    The parametric study of the indoor environment of green buildings focuses on the quantitative and qualitative improvement of residential building construction in China and the achievement of indoor thermal comfort at a low level of energy use. This study examines the effect of the adaptive thermal comfort of indoor environment control in hot summer and cold winter (HSCW) zones. This work is based on a field study of the regional thermal assessment of two typical cases, the results of which ar...

  4. Survey of green building water systems reveals elevated water age and water quality concerns

    OpenAIRE

    Rhoads, William J.; Pruden, Amy; Edwards, Marc A.

    2015-01-01

    Widespread adoption of innovative water conservation strategies has potential unintended consequences for aesthetics and public health. A cross-section of green buildings were surveyed and compared to typical conventional buildings in terms of water retention time (i.e., water age), water chemistry, and levels of opportunistic pathogen genetic markers. Water age was estimated to be 2-6.7 months in an off-grid office, an average of 8 days in a Leadership in Environmental Engineering Design cer...

  5. Evolving Acoustical Standards and Criteria for Green and High Performing Buildings in North America

    OpenAIRE

    Evans, Jack,

    2010-01-01

    Building design standards and criteria in recent years have evolved and new standards have been introduced to increase sustainability and enhance operations in new facilities. Acoustical and noise control criteria are incorporated into new standards and criteria for green and high performing buildings as Environmental Quality (EQ). Governmental legislation and regulation have created or modified some standards, but in many cases, non-governmental organizations (NGO) have written or sponsored ...

  6. Assessment of the hydrological impacts of green roof: From building scale to basin scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Versini, P.-A.; Ramier, D.; Berthier, E.; de Gouvello, B.

    2015-05-01

    At the building scale, the use of green roof has shown a positive impact on urban runoff (decrease and slow-down in peak discharge, decrease in runoff volume). The present work aims to study whether similar effects are possible at the basin scale and what is the minimum spreading of green runoff needed to observe significant impacts. It is particularly focused on the circumstances of such impacts and how they can contribute to storm water management in urban environment. Based on observations on experimental green roofs, a conceptual model has been developed and integrated into the SWMM urban rainfall-runoff model to reproduce the hydrological behaviour of two different types of green roof. It has been combined with a method defining green roofing scenarios by estimating the maximum roof area that can be covered. This methodology has been applied on a long time series (18 years) to the Châtillon urban basin (Haut-de-Seine county, France) frequently affected by urban flooding. For comparison, the same methodology has been applied at the building scale and a complementary analysis has been conducted to study which hydrometeorological variables may affect the magnitude of these hydrological impacts at both scales. The results show green roofs, when they are widely implemented, can affect urban runoff in terms of peak discharge and volume, and avoid flooding in several cases. Both precipitation - generally accumulated during the whole event- and the initial substrate saturation are likely to have an impact on green roof effects. In this context, the studied green roofs seem useful to mitigate the effects of usual rainfall events but turn out being less helpful for the more severe ones. We conclude that, combined with other infrastructures, green roofs represent an interesting contribution to urban water management in the future.

  7. A choice experiment to estimate the effect of green experience on preferences and willingness-to-pay for green building attributes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chau, C.K.; Tse, M.S.; Chung, K.Y. [Department of Building Services Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon (China)

    2010-11-15

    As the number and complexities of green building developments are mainly driven by market demands, understanding of end-user behaviors towards their development eventually should play a crucial role on determining their successes. However, very few studies have been attempted to explore end-user behaviors towards green building development. This study successfully applied discrete choice experiments to reveal whether residents with green experience will have different preference and willingness-to-pay values for enhancements on various aspects of environmental performance in green buildings. Generally, both green and conventional residents had strong preferences and were willing to pay more for improving various aspects of environmental performance in green residential developments. They are found to be willing to pay more for energy conservation, than indoor air quality improvement, noise level reduction, landscape area enlargement, or water conservation. No significant differences are found in the preferences between green and conventional residents for energy conservation, indoor air quality improvement, indoor noise reduction, or water conservation, However, green residents were found to be willing to pay significantly less than the conventional residents for enlarging the landscape area within a residential development, despite it was perceived by green residents as one of the major elements that differentiate a green from a conventional development. (author)

  8. In the Business of Building Green : The value of low-energy residential buildings from customer and developer perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Zalejska-Jonsson, Agnieszka

    2013-01-01

    An overarching aim of this research was to investigate the comprehensive value of green residential buildings as seen from two perspectives: that of the developer and that of the occupant (the customer). The dissertation consists of studies presented in seven papers.  The studies conducted to investigate the developer’s perspective focused on construction cost and potential profit (papers I and VII). The customer’s perspective was examined with three approaches: the impact that energy and env...

  9. Green Buildings in Green Cities: Integrating Energy Efficiency into the Real Estate Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Bardhan, Ashok; Kroll, Cynthia A.

    2011-01-01

    The commercial real estate sector accounts for over a quarter of the energy consumption in the United States.  This paper examines how characteristics of the commercial real estate industry and structural attributes of US cities affect the goals of improving energy efficiency and sustainability of buildings, and improving pollution and emission levels in US cities. We build a detailed picture of the factors involved in integrating energy efficiency into commercial real estate planning, design...

  10. Green Buildings in Denmark – From radical ecology to consumer oriented market approaches?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole; Gram-Hanssen, Kirsten

    2004-01-01

    large-scale urban projects, and as consumer products in a market approach. Using detailed case descriptions, the chapter asks to what extent it is possible to define some buildings or some approaches as more 'green' than others. The authors suggest that in order to more fully understand sustainable...

  11. Towards green buildings: Glass as a building element-the use and misuse in the gulf region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aboulnaga, Mohsen M. [College of Design and Applied Arts, Dubai University College, Dubai P.O. Box 14143 (United Arab Emirates)

    2006-04-15

    The recent economic growth in the Gulf region notably in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE) has led to a colossal number of buildings that has been constructed in the past 5 years. In the last decade, a total glazed building's facades became the icon of Dubai. This large area of glazing in each facade needs protection against overheating and sun glare in summer. According to leader in energy and environmental design (LEED) glass selection becomes a main element in this equation to contribute towards achieving a green building. The aim of this paper is to investigate the problems associated with misuse of glass, as a building element in UAE particularly in Dubai. Inadequate design with ill-selected glass/glazing type may lead not only to poor daylighting in building interiors but also contribute significantly to fatigue, insomnia, seasonal affective disorder (SAD) and above all increase CO{sub 2} emission. The purpose of the study is to specify the required improvements to permit natural, 'free' daylight to filter through the building facade into interior space, especially with the right type of glass. This paper examines the status of buildings in Dubai in terms of glass type, visible light transmittance, reflection (out/in) and relative heat gain. A quantitative analysis is conducted to assess the impact of glass on the building users' performance in terms of daylight environment. A recent built high-rise office building was selected in the investigation to asses whether selected glass provide the recommended daylight factor (DF) and daylight level (DL) according to IES standards. The results revealed that most the glass/glazing was misused in 70% of buildings in intermediate and low performance groups. The DF and DD in the selected office building were unexpectedly tremendous and found far beyond the recommended level due to the use of spectrally selective glazing (clear on both sides). [Author].

  12. Greening Public Buildings: ESCO-Contracting in Danish Municipalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesper Rohr Hansen

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents current research on Danish municipalities’ use of Energy Service Companies (ESCO as a way to improve the standard of public buildings and to increase energy efficiency. In recent years more and more municipalities have used ESCO-contracts to retrofit existing public buildings, and to make them more energy efficient. At the moment 30 municipalities (of the 98 municipalities in Denmark are involved in, or preparing, ESCO contracts. Nevertheless, ESCO-contracting still faces many challenges on the Danish market, as there is a widespread skepticism towards the concept amongst many stakeholders. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the various experience gained so far by municipalities use of ESCO-contracting, the different approached to ESCO-contracting being used in practice, as well as the different viewpoints drivers and barriers behind the development. The strong growth in ESCO-contracts reflects that the ESCO-concept fits well with a number of present problems that municipalities are facing, as well as a flexible adaptation to the local context in different municipalities.

  13. GREEN BUILDING DESIGN EVALUATION EXPERIENCE%绿色建筑设计评价标识创建体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金蕾; 张玉彬; 赵奕华

    2015-01-01

    文章以江苏省人民医院住院综合楼项目创建绿色建筑设计评价标识二星为例,阐述了绿色建筑及其评价标准,分享了医院申报绿色建筑设计标识的过程和体会.%The article introduces the case of Jiangsu Province MCH Hospital Complex Building applying Two-Star Green Building; explains the Green Building and its evaluation criterion; shares the process and experience of the hospital applying for Green Building.

  14. Tri-generation goes nano scale: solar trigeneration system for green buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kilkis, Birol I. [Baskent University, Energy Engineering Graduate Program Head (Turkey)], email: bkilkis@baskent.edu.tr

    2011-07-01

    Significant amounts of energy are consumed by the building sector and sustainable solutions need to be implemented. A new approach, the solar tri-generation system, with photovoltaic system and thermo-electric modules, has been developed to provide buildings with electricity, solar heating and cooling, and hot water. This paper presents the application of this system to increase the utilization rate of solar energy with simple solar daylight tubes. The example of the ESER green office building, which uses the solar tri-generation system and is a net zero exergy building, is presented herein. It was shown that solar tri-generation is an advantageous solution but that its performance depends on local meteorological conditions. This paper demonstrated that the utilization of solar tri-generation, if optimized in line with local conditions and design constraints, is a good solution for developing sustainable buildings.

  15. Research on Priority Selection for Green Transformation Projects in Existing Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YANG Fan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available There were huge stock of existing buildings,most of them were high energy consumption buildings in China.Green transformation in existing buildings was the only way to improve building use function,reduce energy consumption,save resources,and improve the service life of buildings.While quantity of transformation was huge,priority selection of transformation project was necessary in shortage of social resources.The index system was established from fund raising,transformation efficiency,project implementation three aspects.Entropy method was used to determine the index weight,and the model of project priority selection was established based on fuzzy comprehensive evaluation.Finally,the feasibility of the model was verified through the example,and some policy suggestions were put forward.

  16. Re-Assessing Green Building Performance: A Post Occupancy Evaluation of 22 GSA Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fowler, Kimberly M.; Rauch, Emily M.; Henderson, Jordan W.; Kora, Angela R.

    2010-06-01

    2nd report on the performance of GSA's sustainably designed buildings. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of measured whole building performance as it compares to GSA and industry baselines. The PNNL research team found the data analysis illuminated strengths and weaknesses of individual buildings as well as the portfolio of buildings. This section includes summary data, observations that cross multiple performance metrics, discussion of lessons learned from this research, and opportunities for future research. The summary of annual data for each of the performance metrics is provided in Table 25. The data represent 1 year of measurements and are not associated with any specific design features or strategies. Where available, multiple years of data were examined and there were minimal significant differences between the years. Individually focused post occupancy evaluation (POEs) would allow for more detailed analysis of the buildings. Examining building performance over multiple years could potentially offer a useful diagnostic tool for identifying building operations that are in need of operational changes. Investigating what the connection is between the building performance and the design intent would offer potential design guidance and possible insight into building operation strategies. The 'aggregate operating cost' metric used in this study represents the costs that were available for developing a comparative industry baseline for office buildings. The costs include water utilities, energy utilities, general maintenance, grounds maintenance, waste and recycling, and janitorial costs. Three of the buildings that cost more than the baseline in Figure 45 have higher maintenance costs than the baseline, and one has higher energy costs. Given the volume of data collected and analyzed for this study, the inevitable request is for a simple answer with respect to sustainably designed building performance. As previously stated

  17. A study on the usage and perceptions of office building occupants to green roofs in Hong Kong

    OpenAIRE

    Tsang, Wai-man, Wyman; 曾偉文

    2014-01-01

    As Hong Kong is famous for its image of leading international financial metropolis, many high-rise office buildings are confined inside some developed commercial districts of Hong Kong. A place for provision of greenery in such districts seems impracticable. However, greenery can exist in forms of green roof onto office buildings, it seems a practical way to embellish this concrete city. Academic studies from other countries have proven that having green roof onto buildings is able to bri...

  18. A Study to Compare the Cost of Operation and Maintenance in Green Building Index (GBI and Non-Green Building Index (Non-GBI Rated Building in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Lee Zheng

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Urges for sustainable development had pushed the government and professional bodies to respond and react by implementing regulations where possible to direct development in that manner. However, the outcome in most financial conferences and dialogues on sustainable buildings flagged on high construction and maintenance cost. Thus, this study is conducted to collect and analyze actual building operation and maintenance cost between GBI and Non-GBI rated buildings in Malaysia which are more than 2 years fully operated buildings. There are two categories of selected buildings which are residential and non-residential type of building. Each category of the building consists of similar building’s characteristic such as geographic location, mode of operation, building heights, total numbers of floors and units. The scope of building’s maintenance for this study is mainly on wear and tear of the wall painting, electrical light fittings, ceiling panels, roofing system and mechanical services like water pump system are recorded for their replacement frequency of service and the cost involved within a consistent period of 12 months operation at cost percentage saving of 78.9% and 40.4% for residential and non-residential buildings respectively compare against Non-GBI rated buildings. Electricity consumption for GBI rated buildings are lower than Non-GBI rated buildings which recorded at the cost variance of 23.8% and 6.3% and water consumption at 35.9% and 44.0% for the above mentioned two main categories of selected case study buildings. Results from this study conclude major savings on residential buildings category in term of maintenance cost and electricity consumption for GBI rated buildings. Whereby, non-residential category of buildings, GBI rated building had been proven to obtain significant savings in terms of maintenance cost and water consumption.

  19. ENERGY STAR and Green Buildings--Using ENERGY STAR Resources for Green Building Rating Systems: LEED[R], Green Globes[R] and CHPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utebay, Kudret

    2011-01-01

    Every building, from the smallest school to the tallest skyscraper, uses energy. This energy is most often generated by burning fossil fuels, which releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and contributes to climate change. Existing commercial buildings offer a significant opportunity for low-cost, immediate emissions and energy cost…

  20. Airborne Particulate Matter in Two Multi-Family Green Buildings: Concentrations and Effect of Ventilation and Occupant Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Allison P; Calderon, Leonardo; Xiong, Youyou; Wang, Zuocheng; Senick, Jennifer; Sorensen Allacci, MaryAnn; Plotnik, Deborah; Wener, Richard; Andrews, Clinton J; Krogmann, Uta; Mainelis, Gediminas

    2016-01-01

    There are limited data on air quality parameters, including airborne particulate matter (PM) in residential green buildings, which are increasing in prevalence. Exposure to PM is associated with cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, and since Americans spend almost 90% of their time indoors, residential exposures may substantially contribute to overall airborne PM exposure. Our objectives were to: (1) measure various PM fractions longitudinally in apartments in multi-family green buildings with natural (Building E) and mechanical (Building L) ventilation; (2) compare indoor and outdoor PM mass concentrations and their ratios (I/O) in these buildings, taking into account the effects of occupant behavior; and (3) evaluate the effect of green building designs and operations on indoor PM. We evaluated effects of ventilation, occupant behaviors, and overall building design on PM mass concentrations and I/O. Median PMTOTAL was higher in Building E (56 µg/m³) than in Building L (37 µg/m³); I/O was higher in Building E (1.3-2.0) than in Building L (0.5-0.8) for all particle size fractions. Our data show that the building design and occupant behaviors that either produce or dilute indoor PM (e.g., ventilation systems, combustion sources, and window operation) are important factors affecting residents' exposure to PM in residential green buildings. PMID:26805862

  1. Airborne Particulate Matter in Two Multi-Family Green Buildings: Concentrations and Effect of Ventilation and Occupant Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allison P. Patton

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available There are limited data on air quality parameters, including airborne particulate matter (PM in residential green buildings, which are increasing in prevalence. Exposure to PM is associated with cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, and since Americans spend almost 90% of their time indoors, residential exposures may substantially contribute to overall airborne PM exposure. Our objectives were to: (1 measure various PM fractions longitudinally in apartments in multi-family green buildings with natural (Building E and mechanical (Building L ventilation; (2 compare indoor and outdoor PM mass concentrations and their ratios (I/O in these buildings, taking into account the effects of occupant behavior; and (3 evaluate the effect of green building designs and operations on indoor PM. We evaluated effects of ventilation, occupant behaviors, and overall building design on PM mass concentrations and I/O. Median PMTOTAL was higher in Building E (56 µg/m3 than in Building L (37 µg/m3; I/O was higher in Building E (1.3–2.0 than in Building L (0.5–0.8 for all particle size fractions. Our data show that the building design and occupant behaviors that either produce or dilute indoor PM (e.g., ventilation systems, combustion sources, and window operation are important factors affecting residents’ exposure to PM in residential green buildings.

  2. Can green building councils serve as third party governance institutions? An economic and institutional analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green Building Councils (GBCs) have been established in many different countries in recent years. This paper discusses the role such organizations can play in the respective construction and real estate industry and under what circumstances a GBC can contribute positively to the development of a “greener” or “more sustainable” stock of buildings. The paper investigates the main informational problem of the industry by looking at the relation between a developer and an investor from an economic point of view. We argue that the investor's uncertainty about the true quality of a building and the corresponding incentive for the developer to cheat may lock them into a prisoners' dilemma trap. The corresponding barriers for a transition toward a “greener” buildings market are analyzed. GBCs are described as institutions of economic governance that can assist the economy in overcoming these problems. They can act as third party institutions in transactions between developers and investors. By certifying the quality of a building, they can reduce the risk for the investor to be cheated by the developer and also increase the incentive to develop good quality buildings for the developer. This task, however, raises some severe management challenges for the GBCs. - Highlights: ► We focus on Green Building Councils and their economic role. ► The paper investigates the informational problem of the sustainable building market. ► Developers and investors are locked in a prisoner's dilemma. ► Can the councils act as third party institutions to certify quality of buildings? ► Credibility and reliability are key features for third party certification.

  3. Pengukuran Kesesuaian Kriteria Green Building Pada Gedung Magister Manajemen Teknologi ITS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friskarindi Noor Wakhidah

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Dampak lingkungan yang diakibatkan oleh pembangunan bangunan baru sangatlah besar, sebuah bangunan akan memerlukan energi yang besar, listrik, air, dan juga menghasilkan limbah dalam jumlah yang cukup besar. Untuk mencegah hal tersebut, dibutuhkan suatu konsep pembangunan yang memerhatikan keadaan lingkungan.Konsep inilah yang dikenal dengan konsep green building. Penulisan Tugas Akhir ini dilakukan untuk membandingkan berdasarkan kondisi green yang ada dalam Greenship-GBCI dengan keadaan pada gedung Magister Manajemen Teknologi ITS, dengan cara observasi langsung dan wawancara verifikasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini berupa perbandingan antara kondisi green yang ada dalam Greenship-GBCI dengan keadaan pada gedung Magister Manajemen Teknologi ITS. Tidak seluruh kriteria menunjukkan perbedaan antara kondisi objek dengan standar Greenship-GBCI, kriteria yang sama dengan standar Greenship-GBCI yaitu visual comfort, sedangkan kriteria water fixture, thermal comfort, micro climate, pollution of construction activity, environmental tobacco smoke control memiliki prosentase sama dengan Greenship-GBCI 7,50 hingga 90%.

  4. Encouraging Teachers to Build Collaborations with Researchers; Examples From the Classroom (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, M.

    2013-12-01

    Bringing experts into our schools allows for highly engaging lessons, encourages career thinking, adds authenticity to the topic, and allows student's questions to be answered by experts. Researchers can physically visit classrooms or appear through presentation technologies, such as Skype, or Google Hangouts. Virtual visits allow students to see laboratories and field sites. Collaborating with scientists builds the connective tissue that helps all educators and our students learn more deeply. When K-12 teachers collaborate with scientists and graduate students, teachers learn more science, and scientists learn more teaching. This growth of background knowledge is a win-win situation and helps us meet the expectations of the Common Core State Standards. Teachers need to feel encouraged to contact their local or regional scientists for support. Reaching out into the universities to make contact with polar scientists or graduate students is a good place to start. Building professional networks allows PI's to address the 'broader impact' requirement on many grant applications, and helps spread the university's work in the polar regions out to the general public. These collaborations also give teachers expert insights and current data to build authentic lessons, and excite their students to seek careers in the sciences. This presentation will focus on three completed interactive opportunities I have built with researchers in my classroom. Students adding daily sediment to their sediment core, after communications from the field with scientist Heidi Roop in Alaska.

  5. A novel solar multifunctional PV/T/D system for green building roofs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A novel transparent roof combines the solar PV/T/D system with green building design. • Novel photovoltaic-thermal roofing design can achieve excellent light control at noon. • The roof has no obvious influence on indoor light intensity in morning and afternoon. • Higher efficiency of solar energy utilization could be achieved with new roofing. - Abstract: A novel transparent roof which is made of solid CPC (Compound Parabolic Concentrator) PV/T/D (Photovoltaic/Thermal/Day lighting) system is presented. It combines the solar PV/T/D system with green building design. The PV/T/D system can achieve excellent light control at noon and adjust the thermal environment in the building, such that high efficiency utilization of solar energy could be achieved in modern architecture. This kind of roof can increase the visual comfort for building occupants; it can also avoid the building interior from overheating and dazzling at noon which is caused by direct sunlight through transparent roof. Optical simulation software is used to track the light path in different incidence angles. CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulation and steady state experiment have been taken to investigate the thermal characteristic of PV/T/D device. Finally, the PV/T/D experimental system was built; and the PV efficiency, light transmittance and air heating power of the system are tested under real sky conditions

  6. Artificial lighting for green or sustainable buildings and their fire safety concerns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    C.L.CHOW; W.K.CHOW

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, environmental aspects of artificial lighting including incandescent lamps and compact fluorescent lamps are reviewed. The impact on green or sustainable buildings is discussed from the energy use viewpoint, As there are complaints on the falling down of plastic components, and the long ignition time required for compact fluorescents, the fire environment is simulated with Computational Fluid Dynamics. Results indicated that combustibles placed adjacent to a lamp with the possibility of igniting should be watched carefully.

  7. Investigating The Process Of Creating Foundations Of Environmental Sustainability In Constructing Green Buildings

    OpenAIRE

    HAGHVERDI, Nooshin Pour; BEHZADI, Abrisham Modafe; Nikpour, Mansour; Azmoon, Firoozeh

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. Todays, advances in science and technology in the world cannot be overlooked. The progress in all fields, especially architecture, is a new manifestation. In the past, a significant proportion of fossil energy has spent on cooling and heating of buildings. Sustainable outlook has been proposed in scientific circles. By the application of sustainability concepts in architecture, a new subject called sustainable architecture, green architecture, in the field of design, paying attentio...

  8. STUDI TERHADAP KONSERVASI ENERGI PADA GEDUNG SEWAKA DHARMA KOTA DENPASAR YANG MENERAPKAN KONSEP GREEN BUILDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Wayan Swi Putra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Gedung  Sewaka  Dharma  Kota  Denpasar  dibangun  dengan  konsep  desain  green building. Dengan konsep desain green  building, gedung Sewaka Dharma diharapkan mampu menghemat energi di  dalam pengoperasiannya. Konsep desain green building yang diterapkan antara  lain,  gedung  dibuat  dengan  banyak  jendela  kaca,  memakai  sistem  ventilasi  vertikal, lingkungan  di  dalam  dan  di  luar  gedung  yang  hijau  serta  pemakaian  solar  sel  untuk  lampu penerangan  luar  dalam  mengurangi  konsumsi  energi.  Dari  hasil  studi  yang  dilakukan  ada perbedaan antara perencanaan dan realisasi dalam pembangunannya.  Suhu dan kelembaban yang tinggi mengakibatkan terjadinya pemasangan AC di masing-masing ruangan.  Suhu dan kelembaban  yang  tinggi  diakibatkan  karena  tidak  berjalannya  sistem  ventilasi  alami  pada gedung tersebut.  Hal ini mengindikasikan bahwa konsep green building yang diterapkan pada gedung  Sewaka  Dharma  tidak  mampu  menciptakan  lingkungan  kerja  yang  nyaman  bagi pegawainya.

  9. A Study to Compare the Cost of Operation and Maintenance in Green Building Index (GBI) and Non-Green Building Index (Non-GBI) Rated Building in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Ping Lee Zheng; Chen Chu Hui

    2016-01-01

    Urges for sustainable development had pushed the government and professional bodies to respond and react by implementing regulations where possible to direct development in that manner. However, the outcome in most financial conferences and dialogues on sustainable buildings flagged on high construction and maintenance cost. Thus, this study is conducted to collect and analyze actual building operation and maintenance cost between GBI and Non-GBI rated buildings in Malaysia which are more tha...

  10. Enhancement of Fire Safety of an Existing Green Building due to Natural Ventilation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Sheng Huang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, natural ventilation technology is extensively used in order to improve indoor environment quality and reduce power consumption of air-conditioning systems in green buildings. However, the effect of natural ventilation on fires needs to be evaluated carefully, and how to make these energy-saving buildings safe is a topic worth studying. This study uses Fire Dynamics Simulator on some fire safety enhancement measures for an existing green building without installation of a smoke exhaust system. Since the building is located on a school campus, it does not require a smoke exhaust system according to Taiwan fire regulations. Referential results, obtained after a series of improvement strategies are tested, show that kiln natural ventilation can generate a comfortable air flow. Unfortunately, due to the stack effect, hot air and fatal smoke are blown into the evacuation route area behind the room when a fire occurs. The findings showed that there are two feasible improvement measures, “controlling the off state of each air inlet” and “setting up an exhaust port in the rear of room”, which can effectively resolve the fire safety issues; the construction of which can be undertaken at a reasonable cost.

  11. Mental models of a water management system in a green building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalantzis, Anastasia; Thatcher, Andrew; Sheridan, Craig

    2016-11-01

    This intergroup case study compared users' mental models with an expert design model of a water management system in a green building. The system incorporates a constructed wetland component and a rainwater collection pond that together recycle water for re-use in the building and its surroundings. The sample consisted of five building occupants and the cleaner (6 users) and two experts who were involved with the design of the water management system. Users' mental model descriptions and the experts' design model were derived from in-depth interviews combined with self-constructed (and verified) diagrams. Findings from the study suggest that there is considerable variability in the user mental models that could impact the efficient functioning of the water management system. Recommendations for improvements are discussed. PMID:27126802

  12. Standardization and Green Economic Change - the Case of Energy Efficiency in Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maj Munch; Faria, Lourenco

    2015-01-01

    is rather to analyse longitudinal trends in the standardisation process itself, seeing these as important constituents of modern economic change. The paper traces more specifically changes in the thematic direction of the standardization process over time. The analysis seeks to capture when, where and how......This paper investigates the role of standardization for green economic change using energy efficiency in buildings as a case. Innovation research on standards tends to focus on the competition between competing emerging standards as well as the economic impacts of these. The idea pursued here...... energy efficiency becomes an issue in standardization work using buildings as a case. The paper seeks more specifically to investigate the rise of building related standards generally over time as well as in different technical areas and geographic regions. The hypothesis pursued in this paper...

  13. Investigation on Smoke Movement and Smoke Control for Atrium in Green and Sustainable Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fang, Lui; Nielsen, Peter V.; Brohus, Henrik

    conservation into account. Architectural and building design, electrical and mechanical systems, and building management have to be upgraded. However, there are problems in dealing with fire safety, especially in complying with the existing prescriptive fire codes. A hot argument is that smoke control system...... report. Three axisymmetric plume equations and two balcony spill plume models are assessed by comparing with the CFD and experiment results. Investigations in this report are useful for fire engineers in designing smoke control systems. This thesis also describes many significant atrium smoke movement...... design in the green or sustainable buildings with an atrium. Since the physics of air entrainment is not yet clearly understood, most of the fire plume expressions reported in the literature was derived empirically. Experiments and CFD simulation were used to study the different types of thermal plumes...

  14. Developing a green metric mechanism versus LEED for tall buildings in Qatar: evaluation-based case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galal A Ibrahim, Hatem [Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, College of Engineering, Qatar University (Qatar)], E-mail: hatem_ibrahim@hotmail.com

    2011-07-01

    Qatar, with its large and growing economy is one of the busiest construction sites in the world. In Doha, numerous tall buildings have been constructed to provide office space and meet life style property demand. The aim of this paper is to develop a new green metrics system for Doha tall buildings. This green metrics system distributes credits based on indoor thermal comfort, energy consumption, water management and innovation in design. The system was applied in the Tornado tower, a 52-storey office building situated in Doha's West Bay area and compared with the LEED system. It was found that the new metrics system developed herein is better suited to Doha's tall buildings than the LEED system. This paper presented a new green metrics system which will be helpful in determining the environmental performance of tall buildings in Qatar.

  15. From the Green Screen to the Classroom: Training Graduate Students to Communicate Science and Mathematics Effectively through the INSPIRE Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Donna M.; Radencic, Sarah P.; Walker, Ryan M.; Cartwright, John H.; Schmitz, Darrel W.; Bruce, Lori M.; McNeal, Karen S.

    2014-11-01

    Initiating New Science Partnerships in Rural Education (INSPIRE) is a five-year partnership between Mississippi State University and three school districts in Mississippi’s Golden Triangle region. This fellowship program is designed to strengthen the communication and scientific reasoning skills of STEM graduate students by having them design and implement inquiry-based lessons which channel various aspects of their research in our partner classrooms. Fellows are encouraged to explore a diversity of approaches in classroom lesson design and to use various technologies in their lessons, including GIS, SkyMaster weather stations, Celestia, proscopes, benchtop SEM, and others. Prior to entering the classrooms for a full school year, Fellows go through an intense graduate-level training course and work directly with their partner teachers, the program coordinator, and participating faculty, to fold their lessons into the curricula of the classrooms to which they’ve been assigned. Here, we will discuss the various written, oral, and visual exercises that have been most effective for training our Fellows, including group discussions of education literature, role playing and team-building exercises, preparation of written lesson plans for dissemination to other teachers nationwide, the Presentation Boot Camp program, and production of videos made by the Fellows highlighting careers in STEM fields. We will also discuss the changes observed in Fellows’ abilities to communicate science and mathematics over the course of their fellowship year. INSPIRE is funded by the NSF Graduate K-12 (GK-12) STEM Fellowship Program, award number DGE-0947419.

  16. Challenges in Delivering Green Building Projects: Unearthing the Transaction Costs (TCs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Queena K. Qian

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Delivering green building (GB projects involve some activities that are atypical in comparison with conventional buildings. Such new activities are characterized by uncertainty, and they incur hidden costs that have not been expected nor are they readily appreciated among the stakeholders. This paper develops a typology and chronology to examine the new activities that are associated with transaction costs (TCs in the real estate development process (REDP of green building. Through in-depth interviews with representatives from the major developers in Hong Kong who have experiences in GB practice, this study aims to unearth TCs involved at the critical stages of the REDP. Apart from reconfirming the early project planning stage as the most critical in the consideration of TCs, the study results also identified “extra legal liability risk of the GB product” as the major concern for any GB developer in Hong Kong. The key additional activities that bring significant TCs in developing GB are identified and compared to their traditional counterparts. In turn, project managers not only have to pursue overall cost management whilst winning more business, but they also have to pay particular attention to sustainability in order to minimize hidden societal costs. The study also provides a reference for governments and professionals that will aid in forming policy as well as advance the practice of the GB market by optimizing the societal costs.

  17. 绿色建筑的屋顶设计%The Roof Design of Green Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      我们的一切能量最初都来自于太阳和天空,能量也会也会从天上反馈回来。所以屋顶,将会是我们绿色建筑设计中与自然互动最大的一块区域。%Al the energy we original y comes from the sun and sky, energy wil also come back from heaven. So the roof wil be the largest regional interaction with nature in our green building design.

  18. Solar Absorption Refrigeration System for Air-Conditioning of a Classroom Building in Northern India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrawal, Tanmay; Varun; Kumar, Anoop

    2015-10-01

    Air-conditioning is a basic tool to provide human thermal comfort in a building space. The primary aim of the present work is to design an air-conditioning system based on vapour absorption cycle that utilizes a renewable energy source for its operation. The building under consideration is a classroom of dimensions 18.5 m × 13 m × 4.5 m located in Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh in India. For this purpose, cooling load of the building was calculated first by using cooling load temperature difference method to estimate cooling capacity of the air-conditioning system. Coefficient of performance of the refrigeration system was computed for various values of strong and weak solution concentration. In this work, a solar collector is also designed to provide required amount of heat energy by the absorption system. This heat energy is taken from solar energy which makes this system eco-friendly and sustainable. A computer program was written in MATLAB to calculate the design parameters. Results were obtained for various values of solution concentrations throughout the year. Cost analysis has also been carried out to compare absorption refrigeration system with conventional vapour compression cycle based air-conditioners.

  19. Unity in the Elementary School Classroom: Building Community Through Increasing Positive Social Interactions Between and Among Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piatt-Jaeger, Sally

    2011-01-01

    Children's sense of a community is essential in elementary schools. This helps gives students a sense of belonging and control over their environment. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of several strategies from the Toolbox Project and their effect on building community in the classroom. Collin (2003b) discusses his Toolbox…

  20. Measuring Instrument Constructs of Return Factors for Green Office Building Investments Variables Using Rasch Measurement Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isa Mona

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a preliminary study on rationalising green office building investments in Malaysia. The aim of this paper is attempt to introduce the application of Rasch measurement model analysis to determine the validity and reliability of each construct in the questionnaire. In achieving this objective, a questionnaire survey was developed consists of 6 sections and a total of 106 responses were received from various investors who own and lease office buildings in Kuala Lumpur. The Rasch Measurement analysis is used to measure the quality control of item constructs in the instrument by measuring the specific objectivity within the same dimension, to reduce ambiguous measures, and a realistic estimation of precision and implicit quality. The Rasch analysis consists of the summary statistics, item unidimensionality and item measures. A result shows the items and respondent (person reliability is at 0.91 and 0.95 respectively.

  1. Evaluation on Thermal Behavior of a Green Roof Retrofit System Installed on Experimental Building in Composite Climate of Roorkee, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Ashok; Deoliya, Rajesh; Chani, P. S.

    2015-12-01

    Green roofs not only provide cooling by shading, but also by transpiration of water through the stomata. However, the evidence for green roofs providing significant air cooling remains limited. No literature investigates the thermal performance of prefab brick panel roofing technology with green roof. Hence, the aim of this research is to investigate the thermal behavior of an experimental room, built at CSIR-Central Building Research Institute (CBRI) campus, Roorkee, India using such roofing technology during May 2013. The study also explores the feasibility of green roof with grass carpets that require minimum irrigation, to assess the expected indoor thermal comfort improvements by doing real-time experimental studies. The results show that the proposed green roof system is suitable for reducing the energy demand for space cooling during hot summer, without worsening the winter energy performance. The cost of proposed retrofit system is about Rs. 1075 per m2. Therefore, green roofs can be used efficiently in retrofitting existing buildings in India to improve the micro-climate on building roofs and roof insulation, where the additional load carrying capacity of buildings is about 100-130 kg/m2.

  2. Orthogonal experiment on reclaimed water treatment and economic optimization model in green building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何强; 张成; 柴宏祥; 樊明玉

    2009-01-01

    The efficacy of superior drainage in green building treated by combinational technique of coagulation sedimentation and constructed wetland was launched. The results show that the regression equation relating to effluent BOD5,cubage load (Nv),temperature (t) and addition dosage (ρ) is BOD5=2.05Nv-0.41t-0.82ρ+38.9. The orthogonal experiment results of constructed wetland post-treatment show that the regression equation relating to effluent BOD5,cubage load (NA),and temperature (t) is BOD5=1 190NA-0.32t+12.2. Based on the two orthogonal regression equations,combined of green building municipal gray reclaimed water quantity requirements in different seasons,a technology investment on economic optimization model of combinational technique was established. The results offer technological support for reclaimed water treatment,which regards superior drainage as the source and is purified by combinational technique of coagulation sedimentation and constructed wetland. According to the model,the reasonable scale of reclaimed water treatment systems can be determined,the treatment efficacy can be well predicted,and both the design and operating can be effectively guided.

  3. Evaluation of the effects of vegetation and green walls on building thermal performance and energy consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susorova, Irina

    , the model provided new tools for evaluating the impact of plant layers on facade thermal performance in existing buildings retrofitted with green walls and for designing green walls for optimal energy efficiency in new construction.

  4. Cooling energy efficiency and classroom air environment of a school building operated by the heat recovery air conditioning unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The recently-built school buildings have adopted novel heat recovery ventilator and air conditioning system. Heat recovery efficiency of the heat recovery facility and energy conservation ratio of the air conditioning unit were analytically modeled, taking the ventilation networks into account. Following that, school classroom displacement ventilation and its thermal stratification and indoor air quality indicated by the CO2 concentration have been numerically modeled concerning the effects of delivering ventilation flow rate and supplying air temperature. Numerical results indicate that the promotion of mechanical ventilation rate can simultaneously boost the dilution of indoor air pollutants and the non-uniformity of indoor thermal and pollutant distributions. Subsequent energy performance analysis demonstrates that classroom energy demands for ventilation and cooling could be reduced with the promotion of heat recovery efficiency of the ventilation facility, and the energy conservation ratio of the air conditioning unit decreases with the increasing temperatures of supplying air. Fitting correlations of heat recovery ventilation and cooling energy conservation have been presented. - Highlights: • Low energy school buildings and classroom environment. • Heat recovery facility operating with an air conditioning unit. • Displacement ventilation influenced by the heat recovery efficiency. • Energy conservation of cooling and ventilation through heat recovery. • Enhancement of classroom environment with reduction of school building energy

  5. Appraisal of thermal premium in green building practice at urban scale. Methodological preview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonino Barbalace

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Research objective is to conceive, design and experiment a strategy at wide city scale to contribute facing the global ecological and energy crises of the Planet. This should be done through structural cut-down of fossil fuel consumption for settlements, i.e. by adopting the lowest cost energy: the not-consumed one! According to the Green Building Practices there are goals that can be achieved mainly through building passivation connected to: application of state-of-the-art sustainable technologies; alternative energy sources; diffusion of zero-mile decentralized solar energy production; fostering-up of solar feeding for summer air-conditioning, i.e. one of the most demanding energy consumers of the world. Owners, investors, contractors, occupants, tenants ask for more information and better quantification of energy saving magnitude in Green Buildings, as well as further appraisal of pay-back period i.e the length of time required for the return or re-payment of the additional larger initial investment. Research tries to conceive a methodology to assess in physical and monetary terms the energy saving and to define in financial terms the initial investment pay-back period at a reasonable rate. Proposed methodology has been tested in a first Case Study set-up at urban level and performed on a urban blocks of a Mediterranean medium size town including real world prototype yard, i.e. chantier, integrating passivation with the adoption of key frontier technologies such as sun chiller and solar cooling.

  6. On-Site Renewable Energy and Green Buildings: A System-Level Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Ghamdi, Sami G; Bilec, Melissa M

    2016-05-01

    Adopting a green building rating system (GBRSs) that strongly considers use of renewable energy can have important environmental consequences, particularly in developing countries. In this paper, we studied on-site renewable energy and GBRSs at the system level to explore potential benefits and challenges. While we have focused on GBRSs, the findings can offer additional insight for renewable incentives across sectors. An energy model was built for 25 sites to compute the potential solar and wind power production on-site and available within the building footprint and regional climate. A life-cycle approach and cost analysis were then completed to analyze the environmental and economic impacts. Environmental impacts of renewable energy varied dramatically between sites, in some cases, the environmental benefits were limited despite the significant economic burden of those renewable systems on-site and vice versa. Our recommendation for GBRSs, and broader policies and regulations, is to require buildings with higher environmental impacts to achieve higher levels of energy performance and on-site renewable energy utilization, instead of fixed percentages. PMID:27031788

  7. Ozone deposition velocities, reaction probabilities and product yields for green building materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamble, S. P.; Corsi, R. L.; Morrison, G. C.

    2011-12-01

    Indoor surfaces can passively remove ozone that enters buildings, reducing occupant exposure without an energy penalty. However, reactions between ozone and building surfaces can generate and release aerosols and irritating and carcinogenic gases. To identify desirable indoor surfaces the deposition velocity, reaction probability and carbonyl product yields of building materials considered green (listed, recycled, sustainable, etc.) were quantified. Nineteen separate floor, wall or ceiling materials were tested in a 10 L, flow-through laboratory reaction chamber. Inlet ozone concentrations were maintained between 150 and 200 ppb (generally much lower in chamber air), relative humidity at 50%, temperature at 25 °C and exposure occurred over 24 h. Deposition velocities ranged from 0.25 m h -1 for a linoleum style flooring up to 8.2 m h -1 for a clay based paint; reaction probabilities ranged from 8.8 × 10 -7 to 6.9 × 10 -5 respectively. For all materials, product yields of C 1 thru C 12 saturated n-aldehydes, plus acetone ranged from undetectable to greater than 0.70 The most promising material was a clay wall plaster which exhibited a high deposition velocity (5.0 m h -1) and a low product yield (

  8. Untapped Fossil Fuel and the Green Paradox: A classroom calibration of the optimal carbon tax

    OpenAIRE

    Rick van der Ploeg

    2013-01-01

    A classroom model of global warming, fossil fuel depletion and the optimal carbon tax is formulated and calibrated. It features iso-elastic fossil fuel demand, stock-dependent fossil fuel extraction costs, an exogenous interest rate and no decay of the atmospheric stock of carbon. The optimal carbon tax reduces emissions from burning fossil fuel, both in the short and medium run. Furthermore, it brings forward the date that renewables take over from fossil fuel and encourages the market to ke...

  9. Study on risk management for the implementation of energy efficient and renewable technologies in green office buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mosly, I., E-mail: ibrahim.mosly@hotmail.com; Zhang, G., E-mail: kevin.Zhang@rmit.edu.au [RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia). School of Civil, Environmental and Chemical Engineering

    2010-07-01

    Sustainability is becoming an important subject these days in many countries around the world. This is mainly due to increasing governmental and public awareness about reducing the impacts of climate change on our environment. Green buildings are able to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and consumption of natural resources. Reducing either water or energy consumption is achieved in green buildings with the aid of certain types of advanced technologies. This is done in order to help these buildings become more environmentally friendly. Unfortunately, these technologies are relatively new and may present a number of risks during various phases of their lifecycles, affecting different project stakeholders. This paper will focus on the risks of energy efficient and renewable technologies (EERTs), which are mainly implemented in green office buildings. These risks are divided into four categories: heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC), lighting, solar, and wind. It will present a comprehensive review of a number of risks pertaining to the application of EERTs. Furthermore, it will emphasize the need to create a risk management framework for EERTs implemented in green office buildings due to the current lack of research carried out to investigate and treat these potential risks.

  10. Comparative study of air conditioning systems with vapor compression chillers using the concept of green buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutenberg da Silva Pereira

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper sets out to compare two different cooling systems that use vapor compression chillers for air conditioning environments. It was proposed to compare different operations in isolated and combined action operations. These operations are evaluated in the concepts of green buildings. A mathematical model was developed based on the principles of mass and energy conservation and complemented by various functions so as to determine the thermophysical properties and efficiencies of the compressors. The equations of the model were solved by the EES (Engineering Equation Solver program. The model evaluates the influence of the main HVAC operating parameters of the chilled water system when operating under three different configurations. The results showed that the system with a differentiated compression presents a COP equal to that of the system with screw chillers in the range  0-300 RTs, and a COP hat is on average 9% higher in the range 400-800 RTs.

  11. Power generation from thermoelectric system-embedded Plexiglas for green building technology

    KAUST Repository

    Inayat, Salman Bin

    2012-06-09

    Thermoelectric materials embedded through or inside exterior glass windows can act as a viable source of supplemental power in geographic locations where hot weather dominates. This thermoelectricity is generated because of the thermal difference between the high temperature outside and the relatively cold temperature inside. Using physical vapor deposition process, we experimentally verify this concept by embedding bismuth telluride and antimony telluride through the 5 mm Plexiglas to demonstrate 10 nW of thermopower generation with a temperature gradient of 21 °C. Albeit tiny at this point with non-optimized design and development, this concept can be extended for relatively large-scale power generation as an additional power supply for green building technology.

  12. Integrated Green Roofs System and its Role of Achieving Sustainability in Residential Buildings in Urban Area in Athens, Greece and Famagusta, North Cyprus

    OpenAIRE

    Seyed Mehran shahidipour

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, the characteristics and importance of the green roof in urban area would investigate in some residential buildings in Athens, Greece and then, some strategies give to integrate green roof in residential buildings in Famagusta, north Cyprus due to the importance of energy saving and thermal comfort in residential buildings. These days, sustainable architecture is spreading around the world. Therefore, Sustainable architecture has important role in design build...

  13. 浅析绿色建筑%Introduction to the Green Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕东阳; 徐常富

    2011-01-01

    二十一世纪,可持续发展成为人类共同的主题,建筑技术科学的发展,赋予建筑室内外物理环境全新的涵义.近年来,随着全球能源问题的日益严峻和“可持续发展”理念在国内的推广,绿色建筑设计越来越引起广大建筑工作者的重视.发展绿色建筑的过程本质上是一个生态文明建设和学习实践科学发展观的过程.其目的和作用在于实现与促进人、建筑和自然之间高度的和谐统一;经济效益、社会效益和环境效益之间充分的协调一致;国民经济、人类社会和生态环境又好又快地可持续发展.%In the twenty-first century, sustainable development has become the common theme of human beings; The development of building technology science gives the new meaning for the physical environment inside and outside the building. In recent years, with the increasingly serious problem of global energy and the promotion of "Sustainable Development" concept in the country, the majority of construction workers have drawn increasing attention to Green Building design. Development of green building is essentially a process of ecological civilization construction and learning and practice of the scientific concept of development. Its purpose and effect is to achieve and promote the high degree of harmony among people, architecture and the nature; the coherence of economic, social and environmental benefits; the sustainable, good and fast development of national economy, human society and the environment.

  14. Integrated Green Roofs System and its Role of Achieving Sustainability in Residential Buildings in Urban Area in Athens, Greece and Famagusta, North Cyprus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mehran shahidipour

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the characteristics and importance of the green roof in urban area would investigate in some residential buildings in Athens, Greece and then, some strategies give to integrate green roof in residential buildings in Famagusta, north Cyprus due to the importance of energy saving and thermal comfort in residential buildings. These days, sustainable architecture is spreading around the world. Therefore, Sustainable architecture has important role in design buildings and urban design due to high amount of energy use and global warming around the world. There are different methods in sustainable design and one of them that has significant role is design green roof. Green roof integrated to the roof of the buildings to provide the suitable indoor temperature without spending high amount of budget. The methodology is qualitative type that trough the literature review and survey would be understood the importance and role of the green roof in both architecture and urban area. There are many significant architects like Wright that they understood how greenery would improve the function of the building in terms of provide thermal comfort and indoor temperature for the residences, and green roof as well. In Famagusta, there is not any green roof however, the design and integrating of green roof is inexpensive. Green roof should design properly depend on the characteristic of the climate of every place so, the location, temperature, and humidity, location, and wind have influence on the design of the green roof.

  15. Indoor air quality in green buildings: A case-study in a residential high-rise building in the northeastern United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Youyou; Krogmann, Uta; Mainelis, Gediminas; Rodenburg, Lisa A; Andrews, Clinton J

    2015-01-01

    Improved indoor air quality (IAQ) is one of the critical components of green building design. Green building tax credit (e.g., New York State Green Building Tax Credit (GBTC)) and certification programs (e.g., Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED)) require indoor air quality measures and compliance with allowable maximum concentrations of common indoor air pollutants. It is not yet entirely clear whether compliance with these programs results in improved IAQ and ultimately human health. As a case in point, annual indoor air quality measurements were conducted in a residential green high-rise building for five consecutive years by an industrial hygiene contractor to comply with the building's GBTC requirements. The implementation of green design measures resulted in better IAQ compared to data in references of conventional homes for some parameters, but could not be confirmed for others. Relative humidity and carbon dioxide were satisfactory according to existing standards. Formaldehyde levels during four out of five years were below the most recent proposed exposure limits found in the literature. To some degree, particulate matter (PM) levels were lower than that in studies from conventional residential buildings. Concentrations of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) with known permissible exposure limits were below levels known to cause chronic health effects, but their concentrations were inconclusive regarding cancer health effects due to relatively high detection limits. Although measured indoor air parameters met all IAQ maximum allowable concentrations in GBTC and applicable LEED requirements at the time of sampling, we argue that these measurements were not sufficient to assess IAQ comprehensively because more sensitive sampling/analytical methods for PM and VOCs are needed; in addition, there is a need for a formal process to ensure rigor and adequacy of sampling and analysis methods. Also, we suggest that a comprehensive IAQ assessment should

  16. STEM Beyond The Classroom: Creating Authentic Outreach Programs That Build Bridges Between The Classroom And Real World Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibarra, D. L.; Forder, S. E.; Pritchard, M.

    2014-12-01

    The ISF Academy was founded by Charles Kao, a Nobel Prize laureate. In 2011, the Shuyuan programs were established at The ISF Academy to operate both as a "school within a school" and as a "school outside the classroom." The Shuyuan programs work together with the IBO Science and Technology subject areas to develop comprehensive and challenging opportunities that address the 14 Grand Engineering Challenges. The goal is to establish co-curricular programs that go beyond the taught curriculum and support STEM curricula. Several programs outside of the classroom include an onsite robotics researcher, underwater and land based robotics programs, field trips, whole school food waste composting and the implementation of an energy tracking system. Relationships with several local universities allow students to work closely with professors in research settings and, annually, a leading researcher gives a keynote speech to our students. Other signature Shuyuan programs have developed international strategic relationships with the NRI at Cambridge University, where students spend several weeks studying science and civilization in China using primary source materials. Additionally, Shuyuan has supported extension opportunities for classroom teachers with institutional partnerships that include the British Council, governmental organizations, local universities, corporations, and NGOs. In conclusion, the overall goal of the Shuyuan Programs is to provide experiential learning opportunities that challenge conventional curriculum design in a manner that is supportive and innovative!

  17. 绿色办公建筑的探索%The Exploration of the Green Office Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒丹

    2013-01-01

    In the green office building design, in order to bea-utify the building green landscape, do layers of greening, imp-rove the environment quality of the building and the work eff-iciency, the design principles of“Inner Courtyard Type”of ar-chitectural composition and the“Garden Type”of environme-ntal landscape must be fol owed. This article mainly describes the green design of an office building.%在绿色办公建筑设计中,为美化建筑绿化景观,做到层层有绿化、提升建筑环境质量、提高工作效率,在设计中应遵循建筑布局“内庭式”、环境景观“花园式”的设计原则。本文主要阐述了某办公建筑的绿色设计。

  18. Climate Change Mitigation through Energy Benchmarking in the GCC Green Buildings Codes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yousef Alhorr

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC of countries resides at or close to the top of the global table of CO2 emissions per capita and its economy relies heavily on its fossil fuels. This provides a context for green building programs that initially aim to create an understanding of emission pathways within the GCC and hence develop approaches to their reduction in the built environment. A set of criteria will allow specific analysis to be undertaken linked to the spatial dimensions of the sector under study. In this paper, approaches to modelling energy consumption and CO2 emissions are presented. As investment in the built environment continues, natural resources dwindle and the cost of energy increases, delivering low-energy buildings will become mandatory. In this study, a hybrid modelling approach (bottom-top & top-bottom is presented. Energy benchmarks are developed for different buildings’ uses and compared with international standards. The main goals are to establish design benchmarks and develop a modelling tool that contains specific information for all buildings types (existing and new, as well as planned and projected growths within the various city districts, then integrate this database within a geospatial information system that will allow us to answer a range of “what-if”-type questions about various intervention strategies, emissions savings, and acceptability of pre-defined course of actions in the city sector under consideration. The spatial carbon intensity may be adjusted over a certain period, (e.g., through local generation (microgeneration or due to an increasing proportion of lower carbon-energy in the generation mix and this can be related to the sector and city overall consumption.

  19. The Influence of Clients’ Qualities on Green Design Performance of Building Projects in Malaysia-Descriptive Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed S. Elforgani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In the construction industry, success of building projects greatly depends on the client’s performance. The performance of clients is crucial since decisions made will influence the overall project performance. Typically, clients are represented by managerial and technical representatives during the design process. They play major roles in conveying required information to the design team regarding their future project. The quality of clients’ representatives has potential influence on design team performance. In designing green buildings client’s attributes are critical factors to high performance of building projects. Attributes such as knowledge and experience on green buildings, commitment level to green and clients’ ability to participate and manage design process are the key factors to produce green design. The propose of this study to identify current performance level of clients of building projects and establish key clients’ attributes influencing green design performance. Approach: To achieve mentioned aim a questionnaire survey was conducted to collect dada required. A sample of 274 respondents has been covered under the study, including architects and engineers practicing design and consultancy building sectors. Prior to analysis of data WINSTEPS software were used for Rasch modeling to determine validity and reliability of date. Descriptive analysis data includes quantitative and qualitative. Results and Conclusion: Client qualities in general were low, client communication with design team; client involvement and ability to coordinate design process were moderate. However, Knowledge and experience on green design, client organization commitment to green and commitment in financing green design were low. The result indicates that most building clients have inadequate knowledge to manage design green buildings. Therefore, more education and training courses on green building are needed to

  20. 创设情景教学 构建高效课堂%The Creation of Scenarios to Build Effective Classroom Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽萍

    2011-01-01

    结合新课程的教育理念,以"三维"教学目标构建课堂教学,激发学生学习历史的兴趣,营造开放式的学习环境,创设课堂情景教学模式,构建高效课堂。%Combined with the new curriculum philosophy of education,to "D" building classroom teaching objectives, stimulate students interest in studying history, to create an open learning environment,the creation of classroom teaching situations, build effective classroom.

  1. Fire Risk Analysis and Optimization of Fire Prevention Management for Green Building Design and High Rise Buildings: Hong Kong Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Yau Albert; Ho Samuel K. M.

    2014-01-01

    There are many iconic high rise buildings in Hong Kong, for example, International Commercial Centre, International Financial Centre, etc. Fire safety issue in high rise buildings has been raised by local fire professionals in terms of occupant evacuation, means of fire-fighting by fire fighters, sprinkler systems to automatically put off fires in buildings, etc. Fire risk becomes an important issue in building fire safety because it relates to life safety of building occupants where they liv...

  2. green

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Grigoryeva

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The “green” topic follows the “youngsters”, which is quite natural for the Russian language.Traditionally these words put together sound slightly derogatory. However, “green” also means fresh, new and healthy.For Russia, and for Siberia in particular, “green” architecture does sound new and fresh. Forced by the anxious reality, we are addressing this topic intentionally. The ecological crisis, growing energy prices, water, air and food deficits… Alexander Rappaport, our regular author, writes: “ It has been tolerable until a certain time, but under transition to the global civilization, as the nature is destroyed, and swellings of megapolises expand incredibly fast, the size and the significance of all these problems may grow a hundredfold”.However, for this very severe Siberian reality the newness of “green” architecture may turn out to be well-forgotten old. A traditional Siberian house used to be built on principles of saving and environmental friendliness– one could not survive in Siberia otherwise.Probably, in our turbulent times, it is high time to fasten “green belts”. But we should keep from enthusiastic sticking of popular green labels or repainting of signboards into green color. We should avoid being drowned in paper formalities under “green” slogans. And we should prevent the Earth from turning into the planet “Kin-dza-dza”.

  3. Access to Equal Opportunities: Building of a Virtual Classroom within Two 'Conventional' Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husu, Jukka

    2000-01-01

    This Finnish study linked two secondary school classrooms to one virtual classroom to enhance the quality of education in small schools. Discusses advantages, including the rapid development of pragmatism and intellectual and social partnership; and disadvantages, including a lack of intimacy and students' difficulties with self discipline and…

  4. The Energy Impact in Buildings of Vegetative Solutions for Extensive Green Roofs in Temperate Climates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedetta Barozzi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Many bibliographical studies have highlighted the positive effects of green roofs as technological solutions both for new and renovated buildings. The one-year experimental monitoring campaign conducted has investigated, in detail, some aspects related to the surface temperature variation induced by the presence of different types of vegetation compared to traditional finishing systems for flat roofs and their impact from an energy and environmental point of view. The results obtained underlined how an appropriate vegetative solution selection can contribute to a significant reduction of the external surface temperatures (10 °C–20 °C for I > 500 W/m2 and 0 °C–5 °C for I < 500 W/m2, regardless of the season compared to traditional flat roofs. During the winter season, the thermal gradients of the planted surface temperatures are close to zero compared to the floor, except under special improving conditions. This entails a significant reduction of the energy loads from summer air conditioning, and an almost conservative behavior with respect to that from winter heating consumption. The analysis of the inside growing medium temperatures returned a further interesting datum, too: the temperature gradient with respect to surface temperature (annual average 4 °C–9 °C is a function of solar radiation and involves the insulating contribution of the soil.

  5. BPS, energy efficiency and renewable energy sources for buildings greening and zero energy cities planning harmony and ethics of sustainability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Todorovic, Marija S. [University of Belgrade, Serbia and Southeast University (China)

    2011-07-01

    Traditional village houses now use renewable materials and energy sources and this paper presents the intrinsic harmony of these buildings' greening and their sustainability. The paper covers building technical systems, sustainable energy supply, and the importance of renewable raw materials (RMS) for sustainable development. This study investigated the role of building dynamic behavior and optimized energy efficiency in reducing thermal loads significantly. A preliminary design for sustainable energy efficient settlements with net zero energy buildings is proposed and a comprehensive multidisciplinary engineering study was done which identified the technical feasibility of sustainable village energy and water supplies using solar or wind technologies. Overall, through analysis of sustainability definitions and possible ways to achieve sustainability, the study demonstrated that this can only be brought about by interdisciplinary interaction and finding the right balance between materiality and spirituality, science and art, and between technological development and concern for cultural and other human values.

  6. Green roof adoption in atlanta, georgia: the effects of building characteristics and subsidies on net private, public, and social benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullen, Jeffrey D; Lamsal, Madhur; Colson, Greg

    2013-10-01

    This research draws on and expands previous studies that have quantified the costs and benefits associated with conventional roofs versus green roofs. Using parameters from those studies to define alternative scenarios, we estimate from a private, public, and social perspective the costs and benefits of installing and maintaining an extensive green roof in Atlanta, GA. Results indicate net private benefits are a decreasing function of roof size and vary considerably across scenarios. In contrast, net public benefits are highly stable across scenarios, ranging from $32.49 to $32.90 m(-2). In addition, we evaluate two alternative subsidy regimes: (i) a general subsidy provided to every building that adopts a green roof and (ii) a targeted subsidy provided only to buildings for which net private benefits are negative but net public benefits are positive. In 6 of the 12 general subsidy scenarios the optimal public policy is not to offer a subsidy; in 5 scenarios the optimal subsidy rate is between $20 and $27 m(-2); and in 1 scenario the optimal rate is $5 m(-2). The optimal rate with a targeted subsidy is between $20 and $27 m(-2) in 11 scenarios and no subsidy is optimal in the twelfth. In most scenarios, a significant portion of net public benefits are generated by buildings for which net private benefits are positive. This suggests a policy focused on information dissemination and technical assistance may be more cost-effective than direct subsidy payments. PMID:23991671

  7. BUILDING BLOCKS IN THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSROOM (PILARES BÁSICOS EN EL AULA DE IDIOMAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coto Keith Rossina

    2010-12-01

    presents each separately, giving the idea that only one or two can be used in the language classroom, thus missing some important matters. The point of this article is that in order to be more effective, Learning Styles, Multiple Intelligences and Language Learning Strategies must intertwine, so as to create a solid building block. The author first gives an overview of each of these areas. She then explains in the review of the literature how they should be used as a closely-knit unit. Next, she provides an example of this integration through a lesson plan on the topic of environmental conservation for an Oral Communication course for English majors at School of Modern Languages, University of Costa Rica. Finally, some advice is given to instructors on the incorporation of each of these building blocks.

  8. Evaluation of three common green building materials for ozone removal, and primary and secondary emissions of aldehydes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gall, Elliott; Darling, Erin; Siegel, Jeffrey A.; Morrison, Glenn C.; Corsi, Richard L.

    2013-10-01

    Ozone reactions that occur on material surfaces can lead to elevated concentrations of oxidized products in the occupied space of buildings. However, there is little information on the impact of materials at full scale, especially for green building materials. Experiments were completed in a 68 m3 climate-controlled test chamber with three certified green building materials that can cover large areas in buildings: (1) recycled carpet, (2) perlite-based ceiling tile and (3) low-VOC paint and primer on recycled drywall. Ozone deposition velocity and primary and secondary emission rates of C1 to C10 saturated carbonyls were determined for two chamber mixing conditions and three values of relative humidity. A direct comparison was made between ozone deposition velocities and carbonyl yields observed for the same materials analyzed in small (10 L) chambers. Total primary carbonyl emission rates from carpet, ceiling tile and painted drywall ranged from 27 to 120 μg m-2 h-1, 13 to 40 μg m-2 h-1, 3.9 to 42 μg m-2 h-1, respectively. Ozone deposition velocity to these three materials averaged 6.1 m h-1, 2.3 m h-1 and 0.32 m h-1, respectively. Total secondary carbonyl emissions from these materials ranged from 70 to 276 μg m-2 h-1, 0 to 12 μg m-2 h-1, and 0 to 30 μg m-2 h-1, respectively. Carbonyl emissions were determined with a transient approximation, and were found to be in general agreement with those found in the literature. These results suggest that care should be taken when selecting green building materials due to potentially large differences in primary and secondary emissions.

  9. 关于学生英语自主学习课堂环境的建构%Building Dynamic Classroom Teaching Environment to Promote English Autonomous Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈静

    2012-01-01

      根据多年的教学实践,从英语课堂教学的角度,探讨了如何构建自主学习的课堂教学模式。%  Based on intensive teaching practices in English teaching, from the perspective of classroom teaching, the writer dis⁃cusses how to build dynamic classroom teaching environment to promote English autonomous study.

  10. Building Teachers’ Understanding of Classroom Action Research: A Rural Case Study in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dodi Sukmayadi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia Open University (UT: Universitas Terbuka is a large, open university delivering distance education to students throughout Indonesia. An important aspect of its mission is to provide opportunities for Indonesian teachers to improve their education in-service. This includes two courses on classroom action research. In order to assess the effectiveness of these courses and, if necessary, improve them, a team of lecturers from UT conducted an investigation of the challenges teachers were facing in learning to conduct classroom action research through the UT modules. The team found that the modules did not adequately reflect an understanding of the actual characteristics of the teachers they were serving and were thus less effective than they might be in teaching teachers to conduct classroom action research. Changes in both the content and scheduling of the modules are recommended in order to more effectively promote classroom action research in Indonesian schools. Key Words: Classroom Action Research, Distance Education, Indonesia, Teacher Development

  11. Greenovation : developing a case for "green" retrofitting Hong Kong's existing commercial buildings as a means of achieving economic, environmental and social sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Aarshi, Asmita

    2014-01-01

    It is a widely known fact that the only way to achieve sustainable development in the building sector is through green building design. The path to sustainability, however is riddled with the presence of existing buildings that are far from being efficient or environmentally practical. The way to overcome this problem is to deal with existing buildings in each city, and retrofit them to the level of being environmentally, economically and socially sustainable. This paper assesses the complete...

  12. Collaboration Initiative on Green Construction and Sustainability through Industrialized Buildings Systems (IBS in the Malaysian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamarul Anuar Mohamad Kamar

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Malaysian Construction Industry has been urged to use innovative construction technique and to shift from traditional practice of brick and mortar to Industrialized Building System (IBS construction. IBS is defined as a construction technique in which components are manufactured in a controlled environment (on or off site, transported, positioned and assembled into a structure with minimal additional site works. On the other hand, the issues of sustainability and green construction have been duly highlighted in the Construction Industry Master Plan (2005 – 2015 as being of significant importance for the Malaysian construction industry. The Malaysian government is also committed to addressing sustainability issues and meeting its target and obligations in this regard. This paper highlights several aspects of IBS that has the potential of contributing to green construction and sustainability. IBS promotes sustainability from controlled production environment, minimization of waste generation, extensive usage of energy efficient building material, effective logistics and long term economic stability which can contribute to better investment in environment technologies. The Construction Research Institute of Malaysia (CREAM, University of Salford and other research institutes in Malaysia will conduct a collaboration Research and Development (R&D initiative on green construction and sustainability trough IBS implementation. From this paper, the authors hope to receive feedbacks, comments and recommendations to improve research aims, objectives, expected deliverables and research methodology.

  13. Building Reading Resilience: Re-Thinking Reading for the Literary Studies Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Kate; Barnett, Tully; Poletti, Anna; Seaboyer, Judith; Kennedy, Rosanne

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces the concept of "reading resilience": students' ability to read and interpret complex and demanding literary texts by drawing on advanced, engaged, critical reading skills. Reading resilience is a means for rethinking the place and pedagogies of close reading in the contemporary literary studies classroom. Our…

  14. Building Concepts through Writing-to-Learn in College Physics Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullock, Shawn

    2006-01-01

    This paper draws on an action research inquiry into my teaching practice featuring careful analysis of the experiences of some of the students in my college-level introductory college physics course. Specifically, the research describes and interprets the role of Writing-to-Learn pedagogies in a physics classroom with a view to exploring how such…

  15. Macro-Situation and Numerical Knowledge Building: The Role of Pupils' Didactic Memory in Classroom Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fluckiger, Annick

    2005-01-01

    This paper is based on a long-term didactic engineering about division problems (only in a numerical setting) at primary school. Situations and students' work are analyzed by means of a double theoretical framework: the theory of situations and the theory of conceptual fields (Vergnaud 1991). The analysis focuses mainly on classroom interactions…

  16. Bridging Research and Practice: Implementing and Sustaining Knowledge Building in Hong Kong Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Carol K. K.

    2011-01-01

    Despite major theoretical progress in computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL), relatively less attention has been paid to the problem of how research advances may impact schools and classrooms. Given the global changes and educational policies for twenty-first century education, issues of how research in CSCL can be integrated with…

  17. Build Your Own Second-Generation Bioethanol Plant in the Classroom!

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Seters, van J.R.; Sijbers, J.P.J.; Denis, M.; Tramper, J.

    2011-01-01

    The production of bioethanol from cellulosic waste is described. The experiment is suitable for students in secondary school classroom settings and leads to bioethanol in a concentration high enough to burn the liquid. The experiment consists of three steps: (i) the cellulose of the waste material i

  18. Build Your Own Second-Generation Bioethanol Plant in the Classroom!

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Seters, Janneke R.; Sijbers, Jeroen P. J.; Denis, Misha; Tramper, Johannes

    2011-01-01

    The production of bioethanol from cellulosic waste is described. The experiment is suitable for students in secondary school classroom settings and leads to bioethanol in a concentration high enough to burn the liquid. The experiment consists of three steps: (i) the cellulose of the waste material is converted to glucose by cellulase enzymes, (ii)…

  19. Building Bridges: A Peace Corps Classroom Guide to Cross-Cultural Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aronhime, Raquel; Bennhold-Samaan, Laurette; Coratti, Nancy; Lazar, Cori; Flaccus, Trisha Tumulty; McGinnis, J. Randy; Scammahorn, Emmy; Soderstrom, Robert; Storti, Craig; Williams, Krystal

    2010-01-01

    The lessons presented in this book will: (1) Help students better understand their own culture and how it has shaped them; (2) Help students begin to understand the perspectives of other cultures, leading to increased respect for those who are different from them--in the classroom and worldwide; and (3) Provide an increased awareness of the value…

  20. Overcoming Constraints of Building Successful Partnerships Incorporating STEM Research Into K-12 Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radencic, S.; McNeal, K. S.; Pierce, D.; Hare, D.

    2011-12-01

    The Initiating New Science Partnerships in Rural Education (INSPIRE) program at Mississippi State University (MSU), funded by the NSF Graduate STEM Fellows in K-12 Education (GK12) program, focuses on the advancement of Earth and Space science education in K-12 classrooms. INSPIRE is currently in its second year of partnering ten graduate students from the STEM fields of Geosciences, Engineering and Chemistry at MSU with five teachers from local, rural school districts. The five year project serves to increase inquiry and technology experiences in science and math while enhancing graduate student's communication skills as they create interactive lessons linking their STEM research focus to the state and national standards covered in the classrooms. Each graduate student is responsible for the development of two lessons each month of the school year that are then published on the INSPIRE project webpage, www.gk12.msstate.edu, where they are a free resource for any K-12 classroom teacher seeking innovative activities for their classrooms. Many of the participating teachers and graduate students share activities developed with non-participating teachers, expanding INSPIRE's outreach throughout the local community. Numerous challenges were met during the formation of the program as well as throughout the first year in which the project management team worked together to find solutions ensuring that INSPIRE maintained successful partnerships for all involved. Proposed solutions of the following key components were identified by INSPIRE through the development, implementation, and continuous evaluation (internal and external) of the first year of the program as areas that can pose challenges to the construction of strong relationships between STEM research and K-12 classrooms: initializing the partnerships with the K-12 classrooms and STEM graduate fields at the university; maintaining strong partnerships; providing appropriate training and support; developing sound

  1. Green economy as a vector of building and development of smart cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anufriev Valery

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The vector of smart city development is power-efficient and low-carbon policy (strategy within the framework of the green economy. Sustainable development and green growth of cities can be provided by active growth of the human capital owing to creative, innovative ideas, approaches and solutions. Idea creators should be prepared in the best green gymnasiums, universities, academies. Energy saving and energy efficiency, besides creation of conditions required for innovations in the main parts of economy, will considerably reduce the risks of climate change and natural and man-made disasters related to it. It will introduce considerable additional contribution into the development of smart cities.

  2. Carbohydrate Green Chemistry: C-Glycoside Ketones as Potential Chiral Building Blocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    "Green chemistry" methods to produce new chemicals from renewable agricultural feedstocks will decrease our dependence on imported petroleum feedstocks and lower the environmental impact of consumer products. Our current research focuses on development of new carbohydrate-based derivatives, "locked...

  3. Evaluating Different Green School Building Designs for Albania: Indoor Thermal Comfort, Energy Use Analysis with Solar Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalvi, Ambalika Rajendra

    Improving the conditions of schools in many parts of the world is gradually acquiring importance. The Green School movement is an integral part of this effort since it aims at improving indoor environmental conditions. This would in turn, enhance student- learning while minimizing adverse environmental impact through energy efficiency of comfort-related HVAC and lighting systems. This research, which is a part of a larger research project, aims at evaluating different school building designs in Albania in terms of energy use and indoor thermal comfort, and identify energy efficient options of existing schools. We start by identifying three different climate zones in Albania; Coastal (Durres), Hill/Pre-mountainous (Tirana), mountainous (Korca). Next, two prototypical school building designs are identified from the existing stock. Numerous scenarios are then identified for analysis which consists of combinations of climate zone, building type, building orientation, building upgrade levels, presence of renewable energy systems (solar photovoltaic and solar water heater). The existing building layouts, initially outlined in CAD software and then imported into a detailed building energy software program (eQuest) to perform annual simulations for all scenarios. The research also predicted indoor thermal comfort conditions of the various scenarios on the premise that windows could be opened to provide natural ventilation cooling when appropriate. This study also estimated the energy generated from solar photovoltaic systems and solar water heater systems when placed on the available roof area to determine the extent to which they are able to meet the required electric loads (plug and lights) and building heating loads respectively. The results showed that there is adequate indoor comfort without the need for mechanical cooling for the three climate zones, and that only heating is needed during the winter months.

  4. 78 FR 8145 - Sequence 24 Findings of the EISA 436(h) Ad-Hoc Review Group on Green Building Certification Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ... GSA may take in fulfilling its requirement from the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of... the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA, Pub. L. 110-140) to evaluate green building... high performance in buildings. Section 436 of EISA requires the Director of GSA's Office of...

  5. Classroom 2.0 Experiences and Building on the Use of ICT in Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Domingo-Coscollola, María; Marquès-Graells, Pere

    2011-01-01

    Recognising the importance of new technology in the classroom, our aim is to promote the integration of information and communication technology (ICT) in teaching practice from a collaborative research in which action research style methods are applied involving 21 primary and secondary schools in Spain. In these research seminars, the participating teachers receive a progressive educational and technological training orientated towards the experiment and reflect on the possibilities of using...

  6. Building Teachers’ Understanding of Classroom Action Research: A Rural Case Study in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Dodi Sukmayadi; Titi Chandrawati; Adhi Susilo; Ngadi Marsinah; [None] Herawati; Della Raymena Jovanka; Denny Setiawati; Kartono; [None] Hasanudin; Afriani

    2011-01-01

    Indonesia Open University (UT: Universitas Terbuka) is a large, open university delivering distance education to students throughout Indonesia. An important aspect of its mission is to provide opportunities for Indonesian teachers to improve their education in-service. This includes two courses on classroom action research. In order to assess the effectiveness of these courses and, if necessary, improve them, a team of lecturers from UT conducted an investigation of the challenges teachers we...

  7. Building a Synchronous Virtual Classroom in a Distance English Language Teacher Training (DELTT) Program in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    T. Volkan YUZER; Belgin AYDIN

    2006-01-01

    This paper reports a synchronous project, “the virtual classroom” prepared for the Distance English Language Teacher Training (DELTT) Program. The process of developing the synchronous project and the interface with its specific components were reported with examples and supported by theoretical background from the related literature. The evaluation of the project concludes that the virtual classroom facilitated increased authentic interaction and encouraged learners to become more autonomous...

  8. Contributions to the design of rainwater harvesting systems in buildings with green roofs in a Mediterranean climate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, Cristina M; Calheiros, Cristina S C; Pimentel-Rodrigues, Carla; Silva-Afonso, Armando; Castro, Paula M L

    2016-01-01

    Green roofs (GRs) are becoming a trend in urban areas, favouring thermal performance of buildings, promoting removal of atmospheric pollutants, and acting as possible water collection spots. Rainwater harvesting systems in buildings can also contribute to the management of stormwater runoff reducing flood peaks. These technologies should be enhanced in Mediterranean countries where water scarcity is increasing and the occurrence of extreme events is becoming very significant, as a result of climate change. An extensive pilot GR with three aromatic plant species, Satureja montana, Thymus caespititius and Thymus pseudolanuginosus, designed to study several parameters affecting rainwater runoff, has been in operation for 12 months. Physico-chemical analyses of roof water runoff (turbidity, pH, conductivity, NH4(+), NO3(-), PO4(3-), chemical oxygen demand) have shown that water was of sufficient quality for non-potable uses in buildings, such as toilet flushing. An innovative approach allowed for the development of an expression to predict a 'monthly runoff coefficient' of the GR system. This parameter is essential when planning and designing GRs combined with rainwater harvesting systems in a Mediterranean climate. This study is a contribution to improving the basis for the design of rainwater harvesting systems in buildings with extensive GRs under a Mediterranean climate. PMID:27120638

  9. Optimization model for the selection of materials using a LEED-based green building rating system in Colombia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro-Lacouture, Daniel [Building Construction Program, College of Architecture, Georgia Institute of Technology, 280 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, GA 30332 (United States); Sefair, Jorge A.; Florez, Laura; Medaglia, Andres L. [Centro de Optimizacion y Probabilidad Aplicada (COPA), Departamento de Ingenieria Industrial, Universidad de los Andes, Bogota D.C. (Colombia)

    2009-06-15

    Buildings have a significant and continuously increasing impact on the environment because they are responsible for a large portion of carbon emissions and use a considerable number of resources and energy. The green building movement emerged to mitigate these effects and to improve the building construction process. This paradigm shift should bring significant environmental, economic, financial, and social benefits. However, to realize such benefits, efforts are required not only in the selection of appropriate technologies but also in the choice of proper materials. Selecting inappropriate materials can be expensive, but more importantly, it may preclude the achievement of the desired environmental goals. In order to help decision-makers with the selection of the right materials, this study proposes a mixed integer optimization model that incorporates design and budget constraints while maximizing the number of credits reached under the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system. To illustrate this model, this paper presents a case study of a building in Colombia in which a modified version of LEED is proposed. (author)

  10. BioClimatic Architecture without Architects: Green Design Tips by Insects, Animals and Vernacular Buildings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Christodoulou, A.

    2011-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. In our struggle towards a smarter building approach we can get our inspiration from natural and vernacular buildings, which survived for thousands of years and integrated well with nature, without the technol

  11. Truly Green: A Look at the Advantages of Maintaining Historic Campus Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Julie Paul; Hillman, Luce R.

    2010-01-01

    Most colleges and universities have taken great strides in recent years to embrace "being green." As part of this process, many institutions have established an Office of Sustainability or similar department to implement these practices and foster the image of environmental consciousness that the universities want to project. Institutions are…

  12. A Policy Framework for Green Transportation in Georgia : Achieving Reforms and Building Infrastructure for Sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    The Government of Georgia is considering options for reducing fossil fuel imports in favor of introducing large scale use of domestic energy sources for public and private transportation. However, this must be considered within the overall context of green transportation-which will generate benefits well beyond the substitution of fossil fuels with domestic energy sources. The concept of g...

  13. Building green infrastructure via citizen participation - a six-year study in the Shepherd Creek

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green infrastructure at the parcel scale provides critical ecosystem goods and services when these services (such as flood mitigation) must be provided locally. Here we report on an approach that encourages suburban landowners to mitigate impervious surfaces on their properties t...

  14. Research and Discussion on the Three-dimensional Greening of Building%建筑立体绿化的研究与探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Along with the city construction is increasing, peo-ple pay more at ention to the greening of building. This paper mainly expounds the greening technology on the building roof and puts forward the prospect of the development of roof gree-ning later, in order to improve the greening landscape city and provides technical support for reference.%  随着城市建筑的不断增多,人们对建筑物绿化越来越重视。本文主要阐述了在建筑物屋顶进行的绿化技术,并对楼顶绿化以后的发展提出了展望,为提升整体城市绿化景观提供了技术保障,仅供同行参考。

  15. Sokol Blosser Barrel Aging Cellar : green roofs and LEED{sup TM} buildings in the rural context

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cravens, L.L. [Sera Architects Inc., Portland, OR (United States)

    2004-07-01

    An earth covered structure that stores 900 barrels of wine at the Sokol Blosser Winery located in Yamhill Valley, southeast of Portland, Oregon was presented. The owner's decision to build as sustainably as possible when constructing the barrel aging cellar was reinforced by their involvement in the Oregon Natural Step Network, a non-profit organization that promotes sustainability principles in any endeavor. The sustainable project design solution led by SERA Architects met the winery's requirements for an underground structure capable of storing 900 barrels of wine in three chambers; natural daylight throughout; control over the temperature and humidity; natural ventilation; the use of sustainable materials, and minimal materials; use of local products; preserving the maximum existing open area; and, minimizing construction demolition and waste. The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) criteria for the green building rating system was used to measure the green construction practices. The many benefits of burying the building were identified, namely the cooling system was eliminated, which reduced the cost of the mechanical system, reduced the major draw for energy, and eliminated any use of ozone depleting refrigerants. The roof's waterproofing system was provided by Tremco. Combined with a non-engineered earth cover the manufacturer provided a warranty of 20 years but predicted a 60 year life for the roof. The Roof sandwich structure from top down was described in detail and illustrations were presented. The final calculations indicate a $750 annual energy savings above a traditional space. 6 figs.

  16. NATURAL LIGHTING IN GREEN BUILDINGS-AN OVERVIEW AND A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.SANDANASAMY

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available India is an energy deficient country. The energy produced by various means is not sufficient to meet out the demand. The only proactive route for survival is to save energy. The daylight is the primary source of lighting in building to save electricity. In typical buildings, lighting accounts for 25-40% energy consumption. Fortunately during the last quarter of the 20th Century, architects and designers have recognized the importance and value of introducing natural light in buildings. Most people appreciate daylight and also enjoy the outside view that windows provide. Good day-lighting design can result in energy savings and can shift peak electrical demand during afternoon hours when daylight availability levels and utility rates are high. The object of this paper is to develop a scientific, engineering and economical integration of day-lighting concepts into the building design. This paper promotes daylight conscious building design by saving energy through greater utilization of natural light, while at the same time improving visual comfort and control of solar gains. As a case study, the various data available in rural region of Karaikal were collected and analysed to show the use of day lighting for buildings are also highlighted.

  17. Beyond the Playground: Sandboxes in the Classroom examine the Interplay of Mountain Building and Erosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooke, M.; Ellsworth, M.; Del Castello, M.; Jakubowyc, K.

    2006-05-01

    The growth of accretionary wedges along subducting plate margins has inspired generations of sandbox experiments. These experiments typically contract sand layers to simulate the deformation of sedimentary rocks as the wedge grows in width and height. In the absence of erosional processes, the ratio of wedge height to width will remain constant during wedge growth. The growth is accommodated by the successive development of faults in front of the wedge. However, as erosion reduces the slope of the wedge or removes material from portions of the wedge, the internal deformation of the wedge changes and the faulting sequence is altered. Scientists at the University of Massachusetts are researching fault system development within accretionary systems using a work budget approach. Faults slip and grow in order to minimize the work against gravity, internal work and frictional heating due to slip along faults. High school Earth System teachers at the Model Secondary School for the Deaf in Washington, DC have performed sandbox experiments where students document and record the changes in accretionary wedge growth due to erosion. The sandbox was designed to simulate a variety of tectonic situations and to be suitable for use in the classroom. The wide dimensions of the sandbox permit comparison of different erosive patterns along the strike of the wedge. Students can observe and measure the growth of the wedge within side windows and within map view. The data recorded by students can be integrated with numerical models of the UMass scientists to show how erosion reduces work against gravity and frictional heating to facilitate faulting within the wedge. Collaboration between the high school students and geoscientists has been augmented by video-conferences and annual field trip workshops with other high schools for the deaf participating in the SOAR-high partnership. The 6 schools from around the United States involved with the SOAR-high learning community all use sandbox

  18. Bark polyflavonoids from Pinus radiata as functional building-blocks for polylactic acid (PLA-based green composites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. E. Garcia

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Polylactic acid (PLA was melt-blended with Pinus radiata unmodified and modified (hydroxypropyled bark polyflavonoids in order to use such polyphenolic building-blocks as functional additives for envisaged applications. Rheological, morphological, molecular, thermal, and flexural properties were studied. Polyflavonoids improved blend processability in terms of short-time mixing. Furthermore, hydroxypropylated polyflavonoids improve miscibility in binary and ternary blends. Blend-composition affects crystallization-, melting-, and glass transition-temperature of PLA, as well as thermal resistance, and flexural properties of the blends. Polyflavonoids induced PLA-crystallization, and polymer-chain decomposition. Modified and unmodified bark polyflavonoids from radiata pine can be used successfully in PLA-based green composites beyond the food-packaging applications. The high compatibility between PLA and hydroxypropyled polyflavonoids highlights the potential of such phenolic derivatives for PLA-based material design.

  19. Valuing the Benefits of Creek Rehabilitation: Building a Business Case for Public Investments in Urban Green Infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekala, Gayathri Devi; Jones, Roger N.; MacDonald, Darla Hatton

    2015-06-01

    In an effort to increase the livability of its cities, public agencies in Australia are investing in green infrastructure to improve public health, reduce heat island effects and transition toward water sensitive urban design. In this paper, we present a simple and replicable approach to building a business case for green infrastructure. This approach requires much less time and resources compared to other methods for estimating the social and economic returns to society from such investments. It is a pragmatic, reasonably comprehensive approach that includes socio-demographic profile of potential users and catchment analysis to assess the economic value of community benefits of the investment. The approach has been applied to a case study area in the City of Brimbank, a western suburb of Greater Melbourne. We find that subject to a set of assumptions, a reasonable business case can be made. We estimate potential public benefits of avoided health costs of about AU75,049 per annum and potential private benefits of AU3.9 million. The project area is one of the most poorly serviced areas in the municipality in terms of quality open spaces and the potential beneficiaries are from relatively low income households with less than average health status and education levels. The values of cultural (recreational benefits, avoided health costs, and increased property values) and regulating (reduction in heat island effect and carbon sequestration) ecosystem services were quantified that can potentially offset annual maintenance costs.

  20. Valuing the benefits of creek rehabilitation: building a business case for public investments in urban green infrastructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekala, Gayathri Devi; Jones, Roger N; MacDonald, Darla Hatton

    2015-06-01

    In an effort to increase the livability of its cities, public agencies in Australia are investing in green infrastructure to improve public health, reduce heat island effects and transition toward water sensitive urban design. In this paper, we present a simple and replicable approach to building a business case for green infrastructure. This approach requires much less time and resources compared to other methods for estimating the social and economic returns to society from such investments. It is a pragmatic, reasonably comprehensive approach that includes socio-demographic profile of potential users and catchment analysis to assess the economic value of community benefits of the investment. The approach has been applied to a case study area in the City of Brimbank, a western suburb of Greater Melbourne. We find that subject to a set of assumptions, a reasonable business case can be made. We estimate potential public benefits of avoided health costs of about AU$75,049 per annum and potential private benefits of AU$3.9 million. The project area is one of the most poorly serviced areas in the municipality in terms of quality open spaces and the potential beneficiaries are from relatively low income households with less than average health status and education levels. The values of cultural (recreational benefits, avoided health costs, and increased property values) and regulating (reduction in heat island effect and carbon sequestration) ecosystem services were quantified that can potentially offset annual maintenance costs. PMID:25832343

  1. The Development and Application of Policy-Based Tools for Institutional Green Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cupido, Anthony F.

    2010-01-01

    In 2008, APPA forwarded a Web-based survey on the author's behalf to all designated representatives of APPA member institutions. The purpose of the survey was to determine if institutional policies are an important criterion for an institution's sustainable building practices and the use of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED[R]).…

  2. Students' Environmental Responsibility and Their Willingness to Pay for Green Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attaran, Sharmin; Celik, Bilge Gokhan

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore environmental attitudes and how such attitudes, when combined with a specific cost, can affect environmental behavior. Environmental attitudes are important to study due to the rising belief by building occupants that they are owed safe, healthy, environmentally responsible, and comfortable living…

  3. Green Roofs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2004-08-01

    A New Technology Demonstration Publication Green roofs can improve the energy performance of federal buildings, help manage stormwater, reduce airborne emissions, and mitigate the effects of urban heat islands.

  4. New Materials for the Undergraduate Classroom to Build Pre-Service Teachers' NGSS Skills and Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egger, A. E.; Awad, A. A.; Baldwin, K. A.; Birnbaum, S. J.; Bruckner, M. Z.; DeBari, S. M.; Dechaine, J.; Ebert, J. R.; Gray, K. R.; Hauge, R.; Linneman, S. R.; Monet, J.; Thomas, J.; Varrella, G.

    2014-12-01

    As part of InTeGrate, teams of 3 instructors at 3 different institutions developed modules that help prepare pre-service teachers to teach Earth science aligned with the NGSS. Modules were evaluated against a rubric, which addresses InTeGrate's five guiding principles, learning objectives and outcomes, assessment and measurement, resources and materials, instructional strategies and alignment. As all modules must address one or more Earth-related grand challenge facing society, develop student ability to address interdisciplinary problems, improve student understanding of the methods of geoscience, use authentic geoscience data, and incorporate systems thinking, they align well with the NGSS. Once modules passed the rubric, they were tested by the authors in their classrooms. Testing included pre- and post-assessment of geoscience literacy and assessment of student learning towards the module goal; materials were revised based on the results of testing. In "Exploring Geoscience Methods with Secondary Education Students," pre-service science teachers compare geoscientific thinking with the classic (experimental) scientific method, investigate global climate change and its impacts on human systems, and prepare an interdisciplinary lesson plan that addresses geoscience methods in context of a socioscientific issue. In "Soils and Society," pre-service elementary teachers explore societal issues where soil is important, develop skills to describe and test soil properties, and create a standards-based Soils and Society Kit that consists of lessons and supporting materials to teach K-8 students about a soil-and-society issue. In "Interactions between Water, Earth's Surface, and Human Activity," students explore the effects of running water on shaping Earth's surface both over geologic time and through short-term flooding events, and produce a brochure to inform citizens of the impact of living near a river. The modules are freely available at http

  5. Building

    OpenAIRE

    Seavy, Ryan

    2014-01-01

    Building for concrete is temporary. The building of wood and steel stands against the concrete to give form and then gives way, leaving a trace of its existence behind. Concrete is not a building material. One does not build with concrete. One builds for concrete.

  6. The impact of niche green developments in transforming the building sector: The case study of Lochiel Park

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energy use in residential buildings is a significant contributor to global carbon emissions. The South Australian Government responded to concern for anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions by creating a model development of near zero energy homes in a near zero carbon impact estate. The creation of the Lochiel Park Green Village challenged a collective of industry experts and policy makers to set objectives, performance targets and regulatory guidelines outside existing institutional and professional norms. Literature suggests that the creation of niche events can help the transition away from dominant technologies, practices and beliefs, and lead to organisations embracing new tools, construction practices, technologies, standards and policies. By applying a multi-level socio-technical framework, and utilising evidence collected from a series of interviews with key government and industry leaders, this paper examines how, under the influence of landscape pressures, structural change at the regime level can come from the incubation of ideas and experiences at the niche level. The available evidence finds that the creation of the Lochiel Park Green Village has allowed many individuals and organisations to gain a more detailed and practical understanding of sustainable housing, and has given organisations the confidence to change industry practices, government policies, and regulatory standards. -- Highlights: •We examined the impact of creating a net zero carbon residential development. •Structural change can come from incubation of experiences at the niche level. •Significant barriers to sustainability can be overcome through leadership. •Performance targets were set outside existing institutional and professional norms. •Niche events help transition from dominant technologies, practices and beliefs

  7. The "Green" Root Beer Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clary, Renee; Wandersee, James

    2010-01-01

    No, your students will not be drinking green root beer for St. Patrick's Day--this "green" root beer laboratory promotes environmental awareness in the science classroom, and provides a venue for some very sound science content! While many science classrooms incorporate root beer-brewing activities, the root beer lab presented in this article has…

  8. NEW AND PERSPECTIVE SAMPLE OF QUERCUS ROBUR L. FOR GREEN BUILDING AND FORESTATION IN THE ROSTOV REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozlovsky B. L.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Green building, forestry, agriculture of the Rostov region is in desperate need of resistant and long-lived samples of deciduous trees of the first grade. The main object of the search of promising forms of deciduous trees were artificial plantations of Quercus robur in the Botanical Garden of SFU. The research identified several of samples of Quercus robur, which are of economic interest. Based on ecological and biological properties and economic qualities, the most promising on was a sample of Quercus robur var. tardiflora, planted in 1888. This sample is less receptive to pests and diseases. It also has a high winter hardiness and drought resistance and significantly superior to similar samples of Quercus robur along longevity and has a high decorative effect. Dedicated sample of Quercus robur var. tardiflora, and his generation from seed is very different from other samples of the population by time of phenological phases. The all main henological phases of this sample occured later by on 10-15 days. The sample belongs to the group of plants of late phenological dates start and end of the growing season. The phenology of dedicated samples contributes to their high steadiness into regional climate. It propagates by sowing freshly harvested seeds. Phenological features of the selected sample might be inherited in the seminal generations

  9. Emergy-based sustainability assessment of different energy options for green buildings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • We apply Emergy to assess environmental impact of different energy options. • We develop a new index to assess the anthropogenic heat emission. • The way of electricity produced is crucial to the total environmental load. • The direct-fired lithium-bromide absorption type shows highest environmental load. - Abstract: It is necessary to minimize the environmental impact and utilize natural resources in a sustainable and efficient manner in the early design stage of developing an environmentally-conscious design for a heating, ventilating and air-conditioning system. Energy supply options play a significant role in the total environmental load of heating, ventilating and air-conditioning systems. To assess the environmental impact of different energy options, a new method based on Emergy Analysis is proposed. Emergy Accounting, was first developed and widely used in the area of ecological engineering, but this is the first time it has been used in building service engineering. The environmental impacts due to the energy options are divided into four categories under the Emergy Framework: the depletion of natural resources, the greenhouse effect (carbon dioxide equivalents), the chemical rain effect (sulfur dioxide equivalents), and anthropogenic heat release. The depletion of non-renewable natural resources is indicated by the Environmental Load Ratio, and the environmental carrying capacity is developed to represent the environmental service to dilute the pollutants and anthropogenic heat released. This Emergy evaluation method provides a new way to integrate different environmental impacts under the same framework and thus facilitates better system choices. A case study of six different kinds of energy options consisting of renewable and non-renewable energy was performed by using Emergy Theory, and thus their relative environmental impacts were compared. The results show that the method of electricity generation in energy sources, especially

  10. LIGHTWEIGHT GREEN ROOF SYSTEMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Applying a Lightweight Green Roof System to a building can achieve in managing storm water runoff, decreasing heat gain, yielding energy savings, and mitigating the heat island effect. Currently, Most green roof systems are considerably heavy and require structural reinforceme...

  11. Discussion on the technology of green building HVAC design%绿色建筑暖通空调设计技术探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张马斌

    2014-01-01

    According to saving,reuse,wide recycling,circulation principles of green building HVAC design,this paper analyzed the present sit-uation of green building HVAC design,and elaborated the solar energy technology,ground source heat pump technology application,cold storage cold system optimization and natural ventilation design,prompted the green building goals of HVAC technology taking the sustainable development as theme.%依据绿色建筑暖通空调设计节省、回用、广回收、循环的原则,对绿色建筑暖通空调设计的现状进行了分析,并对太阳能节能技术、地源热泵应用技术、冰蓄冷系统优化及自然通风设计进行了阐述,促使暖通空调技术实现可持续发展为主题的绿色建筑目标。

  12. The Technology for the Realization of the HVAC Design of Green Building%实现绿色建筑暖通空调设计的技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐德梅

    2014-01-01

    Today, in the harmonious coexistence of human be- ings and the environment, we extended the concept of green design, and thus the author launched a more in-depth research on the HVAC design technology for green building. This arti- cle, from the concept and present situation of green design co- ncept, discussed respectively the solar building, natural ventil- ation, ground source heat pump and HVAC technology in gre- en building etc..%在人类与环境和谐共处的今天,引申出了绿色设计的概念,进而也对绿色建筑的暖通空调设计技术展开了较为深入地研讨。本文从绿色设计的概念及现状入手,分别论述了太阳能建筑、自然通风、地源热泵及绿色建筑中的暖通空调技术等。

  13. Green building design oriented to the whole life cycle%面向全寿命周期的绿色建筑设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖开春

    2015-01-01

    the construction is an important industry in our country social development, development of construction industry and construction quality have significant correlation. In the process of building a socialist harmonious society, take the road of sustainable development, the development of green economy, environmental protection, economy economy is the important content of social development in our country. The construction industry as a large energy consumption industry, plays an important role in the development of green building. Green building design in this paper is oriented to the whole life cycle was analyzed.%建筑是我国社会发展的一个重要行业,建筑行业的发展与建筑质量有着重大关联。在构建社会主义和谐社会过程中,走可持续发展道路,发展绿色经济、环保经济、节约经济是我国社会发展的重要内容。建筑行业作为一个能耗大行业,发展绿色建筑有着重要的意义。本文就面向全寿命周期的绿色建筑设计进行了相关的分析。

  14. 紧扣教材选择恰当方法构建高效课堂%Stick to the Teaching Meterial Choose Appropriate Method Build Efficient Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马学功

    2014-01-01

    It from how to select appropriate teaching methods,showing teaching materials to maximize value,build efficient classroom overview,in order to give our students more space for development.%从如何选择恰当的教学方法,最大化展现教材价值,构建出高效语文课堂进行概述,以期能够让学生获得更大的发展空间。

  15. Green Office Buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Nasrollahi, Farshad

    2013-01-01

    Diese Publikation erhielt im Rahmen des 7th International Festival of Research and Innovation am 05.01 2015 den "Tehran International Award" in der Kategorie Sustainable Urban Environment. Die parallel zu dieser Onlineausgabe erschienene Printausgabe ist im Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin erschienen: ISBN 978-3-7983-2578-4, ISSN 2193-6099

  16. The Comparison of Chinese Green Building Evaluation Standard and British Code for Sustainable Home%中国绿色住宅评价标准和英国可持续住宅标准的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡芳芳; 王元丰

    2011-01-01

    Developing green building is an important method for China to deal with the challenge of climate change, which can promote energy and resource conservation and environmental protection. The standard of green buildings plays an important role in promoting the development of green building. In this paper, through the introduction of two green building evaluation systems of Green Building Evaluation Standard of China and the Code for Sustainable Home of Britain, the similarities and differences of evaluation indexes, evaluation criterions and evaluation methods of these two systems were studied. Some helpful conclusions for improving the Chinese green building evaluation system were obtained.%发展绿色建筑促进建筑业节约能源和资源、保护环境,是中国应对气候变化挑战、实现可持续发展的重要手段,而标准对于促进绿色建筑发展具有重要作用.本文介绍了中国(GB/T 50378-2006)与英国,并通过对比两国评价体系中评价指标、评价标准及评价方法的异同,得出了针对我国现有绿色建筑评价体系的一些改进性结论.

  17. 绿色建筑项目融资风险分担机制研究%The Study of Green Building Project Financing Risk Distribution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓国; 熊向阳; 曲昳; 张福生

    2014-01-01

    绿色建筑项目融资的风险合理分担是项目融资的实现有限追索的内在要求,有助于激发绿色建筑各个参与方的积极性促使绿色建筑项目融资的成功。并对确保资金安全,促进绿色建筑健康发展起重要作用。从绿色建筑项目融资的特点出发,分析其项目融资的风险类别和利益相关者,探讨如何将绿色建筑项目融资的风险分配给最适合承担该风险的参与方的项目融资风险分担机制及最优分配原则。根据绿色建筑项目融资的风险度量与数据灰的特性,利用灰色系统分析法,建立灰色线性模型,利用GM(1,1)时间相应式得到该项目风险分配的预测值,可按灰色0-1规划求解。用于绿色建筑各参与方的项目融资风险分配更能反映实际情况。按照最优分配风险原则,为各类风险确定最优承担者。%The realization sharing risk of green building project financing is the inherent requirement of limited recourse, helps to stimulate the enthusiasm of the participants to green building green building project financing success. To ensure the safety of fund, promote green architecture plays an important role in the healthy development. From the characteristics of project financing, analysis of project financing risk categories and stakeholders , discusses the risk allocation. How to allocation risk of green building project financing to give the best fit to bear the risks of participating parties sharing mechanism and the optimal principles of project financing. According to the measurement and data gray characteristics of green building project financing risk. Using the method of gray system, to establish the gray linear model, using GM(1,1) time corresponding type predicted the risk al-location value, according to gray 0-1 programming. For the project financing risk allocation of green building better reflect the actual situation. Accordance to the optimal allocation

  18. Configuration of Green Spaces for Urban Heat Island Mitigation and Future Building Energy Conservation in Hanoi Master Plan 2030

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andhang Rakhmat Trihamdani

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to assess the urban heat island (UHI effects in the city under the present land use conditions as well as those conditions proposed by the Hanoi Master Plan 2030 through numerical simulation, using Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF. Furthermore, this paper assesses additional land use scenarios with different spatial and green space configurations. The results show that the implementation of the master plan does not significantly affect the peak air temperature in the built-up areas (approximately 1 °C higher at the maximum. However, high temperature areas, with temperature of 40–41 °C, would expand widely over the new built-up areas. On the other hand, the nocturnal air temperature would increase by up to 2–3 °C over the newly expanded built-up areas. The number of hotspots increased further when the strategic green spaces in the master plan were not taken into account. However, the cooling effect of the strategic green spaces did not reach the existing city center sufficiently because the green spaces are located far from the city center. The large and centralized green spaces proposed in the master plan were seen to be insufficient to mitigate UHIs compared to the equally distributed green spaces. Moreover, the greater reduction of hotspot areas by up to 56.5% was seen when the mixed forest is employed as the land cover in the green spaces.

  19. Focus 2012. Awakening into a new age - Elements of a sustainable energy supply. Ressource efficiency - key competency of sustainable societies, Sustainable chemistry - fundamental building blocks of a green economy. Annual report; Schwerpunkte 2012. Aufbruch ins neue Zeitalter - Elemente einer nachhaltigen Energieversorgung, Ressourceneffizienz - Schluesselkompetenz zukunftsfaehiger Gesellschaften, Nachhaltige Chemie - elementarer Baustein einer Green Economy. Jahrespublikation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mavromati, Fotini; Ittershagen, Martin (comps.)

    2012-05-30

    The Federal Environmental Agency (Dessau-Rosslau, Federal Republic of Germany) sees excellent opportunities to move the economic regeneration forward by means of environmental protection. Under this aspect, the annual report ''Focus 2012'' under consideration presents the following contributions: (1) Green Economy as a new model for economic development; (2) Elements of a sustainable energy supply; (3) Resource efficiency as a key competence for sustainable societies; (4) Green Chemistry as a fundamental building block of Green Economy.

  20. Building and Supporting a Validity Argument for a Standards-Based Classroom Assessment of English Proficiency Based on Teacher Judgments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llosa, Lorena

    2008-01-01

    Using an argument-based approach to validation, this study examines the quality of teacher judgments in the context of a standards-based classroom assessment of English proficiency. Using Bachman's (2005) assessment use argument (AUA) as a framework for the investigation, this paper first articulates the claims, warrants, rebuttals, and backing…

  1. Building an Understanding of How Model-Based Inquiry Is Implemented in the High School Chemistry Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dass, Katarina; Head, Michelle L.; Rushton, Gregory T.

    2015-01-01

    Modeling as a scientific practice in K-12 classrooms has received a wealth of attention in the U.S. and abroad due to the advent of revised national science education standards. The study described herein investigated how a group of high school chemistry teachers developed their understanding of the nature and function of models in the precollege…

  2. Brief Analysis on Building High Efficiency of Classroom%关于构建高效课堂之浅谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东彤

    2014-01-01

    在新课改的要求下高效课堂解决了内容多、时间少的问题。构建高效课堂两个核心的因素就是教师和学生。高效课堂对教师来说就是教学方式的改革。在课堂改革中教师真正做到高效率、高质量地完成教学任务,以促进学生学会学习,从而获得高效发展。%At the request of new curriculum ideas,high efficiency of classroom teaching shoots out the matter of variety contents whereas deficiency of time. The key factors of establishment high efficiency of classroom teaching are the teachers and students. From the perspective of the teacher,setting up a high efficient classroom teaching touches on reforming of teaching method. A teacher with high quality and efficiency, spreads the concept of learning to learn,gives the most contributions to a high efficient classroom.

  3. "Don't Give up on Me": Critical Mentoring Pedagogy for the Classroom Building Students' Community Cultural Wealth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liou, Daniel D.; Martinez, Antonio Nieves; Rotheram-Fuller, Erin

    2016-01-01

    This one-year ethnographic case study focused on students of color from a West Coast High School who faced a variety of academic challenges. Collectively, they shared perspectives on school improvement, and among the recommendations was the importance of mentorship in the classroom to develop students' aspirational, navigational, and informational…

  4. Project Based Learning for Life Skill Building in 12th Grade Social Studies Classrooms: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, Daniele C.

    2010-01-01

    Based on the assumption that project based learning (PBL) in 12th grade social studies classrooms contributes to the development of life skills for high school seniors in this advanced and globalized time, this research will investigate student experiences with PBL methods for helping them acquire skills along with a case study of a successful PBL…

  5. Building Design & Construction - Sustainability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2003-11-01

    Offers a brief history of green building; presents the results of a specially commissioned survey; and analyzes the chief trends, issues, and published research, based on interviews with dozens of experts and participants in green building.

  6. Green Olympics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ It seems all happened in a moment.White clouds float in blue sky,green trees are decorated by colorful flags with warm smiling images,and the building are taking a brand new appearance...Some magic must has been done to Beijing:it turns to a cleaner,healthier and more beautiful city.

  7. 对我国城市建筑物屋面绿化的效益分析%Analysis on Benefits of Roof Greening for Chinese Urban Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亮; 申玲; 杜博

    2011-01-01

    简要叙述了我国城市建筑物屋面绿化技术的发展现状,对屋面绿化的经济效益、生态环境效益和节能效益进行了详细分析,并提出了提高屋面绿化效益的对策与措施.%The development status of roof greening technology for our urban buildings was briefly introduced, and then the economic benefits, eeo-environmental efficiency and energy-saving benefits were analyzed in detail, finally some measures were proposed to improve the benefits of roof greening.

  8. Strategies of Green Office Buildings Day lighting Design%绿色办公建筑天然采光策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄海静; 李毛毛

    2014-01-01

    对建筑空间进行充分的天然采光,既可以节省建筑能耗,又有利于人们身心健康。近几年,环境问题日益严峻,资源问题也越来越突出,建筑师对于天然采光的节能潜力越来越关注。如何利用天然光以保证室内充分的采光照明成为一个重要的课题。文章在分析绿色办公建筑光环境设计要点基础上,通过对国外先进的建筑天然采光方式的解析,为我国绿色办公建筑天然采光的优化设计提出应对策略。%Sufficient day lighting on the building space, building energy consumption can be saved, and it helps people to physical and mental health. In recent years, the increasingly serious environmental problems, resource problems are more prominent. The architect to the energy saving potential of day lighting is more and more attention. How to make good use of day light in order to assure indoor sufficient lighting has become an important topic. Based on the analysis of the green office building light environment design key points, through foreign advanced way of building day lighting parsing, this paper puts forward the countermeasures to optimize the design of green office building day lighting in China.

  9. Green Housing

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson Eriksson, Christian

    2014-01-01

    The Building is a combination of a green house and multi familyhousing building. The building´s courtyard is transformed in to a winter garden and creates an climate controlled environment with exotic vegitation blooming all year around. The courtyard is working as an extra livingroom with nice public walks in different levels were people can relax, exercise and socialise. The heat generated from the winter garden can be reused and recycled in to the floor slabs. It can also be deposited into...

  10. Green roof Malta

    OpenAIRE

    Gatt, Antoine; Duca, Edward

    2015-01-01

    In Malta, buildings cover one third of the Island, leaving greenery in the dirt track. Green roofs are one way to bring plants back to urban areas with loads of benefits. Antoine Gatt, who manages the LifeMedGreenRoof project at the University of Malta, tells us more. http://www.um.edu.mt/think/green-roof-malta/

  11. Mitigating the cooling need and improvement of indoor conditions in Mediterranean educational buildings, by means of green roofs. Results of a case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ascione, F.; Bianco, N.; De Masi, R. F.; de Rossi, F.; Vanoli, G. P.

    2015-11-01

    Indoor overheating risk and increased energy demand for cooling are becoming more and more frequent in the building sector of the Mediterranean area. In detail, for the reduction of the energy consumption of educational buildings, characterized by high endogenous gains, the particular boundary conditions affecting their use should be taken in consideration, and thus schedules of occupancy, wide necessity of air-changes for air quality. This paper, with reference to a case study, proposes deep investigations aimed at optimizing the annual energy performance of an educational building of the University of Sannio, located in the Southern Italy. A numerical model of the building has been designed and validated according to monitored data. Starting from the present scenario, after a complete refurbishment of the building envelope, the potentialities of several typologies of green roofs - by considering also the implementation of the adaptive approach in the comfort standard - have been tested. The scope is the optimization of the energy demand for the annual microclimatic control, by avoiding an energy-intensive operation of the air-conditioning devices during the warm season.

  12. Building Bridges - How secondary school pupils bring their informal learning experiences into a Content and Language Integrated (CLIL) classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Jakonen, Teppo

    2014-01-01

    This article explores how students’ informal language learning experiences with English find their way into the formal context of content-based language teaching (CLIL). The analysis is focused on stretches of classroom talk in which native Finnish-speaking students draw on their expertise of English-language popular culture, and use their knowledge as a semiotic resource for producing various types of actions. Based on the data, it is argued that the organisation of peer group talk in the la...

  13. The Application Trend of Smart Sensing Technology in Home of Building: An Example of a Green and Smart Building for the Seniors Citizens Offered by Farglory Land Development

    OpenAIRE

    Meng-Hsien Hsieh

    2011-01-01

    The living space of smart buildings requires three major applications: energy-saving and comfort, security and hazard prevention, and health care. These applications not only give rise to a market opportunity for advanced sensor fusion technologies including comfort sensing, infrared sensing, inertial sensing, and voice recognition, but also make proactive sensing, smart determination, and automatic control possible. The smart building project by Farglory Land Development, where senior citize...

  14. Green Energy Efficient Building Technology Construction Analysis%绿色节能建筑施工技术应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李林

    2014-01-01

    分析我国建筑行业的科技发展现状和绿色节能建筑技术在生产应用中所起到的作用,着重介绍了绿色节能建筑在实际工程中的应用,以及相比于传统建筑模式它所显现出的一些问题。对传统建筑模式进行改进和创新,以期能为工程设计和相关施工人员提供一定的参考和帮助。%The present situation of China's scientific and technological development in the construction industry and green energy efficient building technologies in production applications the role played, highlighting the practical application of green energy efficient building projects, as well as compared to the traditional architectural pattern it reveals the some problems. Traditional architectural model for improvement and innovation, hoping to provide some information and help related to engineering design and construction personnel.

  15. DC Power System in Green Buildings%可持续节能建筑的直流供电架构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄冬艳; 陆佩芳

    2013-01-01

      针对太阳能、电动汽车及LED照明等新能源技术的出现及其在可持续节能建筑中的应用前景,为了提高可持续节能建筑的电力利用效率和可靠性,进一步降低可持续节能建筑之电力系统的成本和碳足迹,本文提出了在未来的可持续节能建筑中采用直流供电的系统架构取代传统的交流供电架构的概念。%With the wide applications of renewable energy techniques in green buildings, such as solar energy, electrical vehicle and LED lighting etc., it is important to improve efficiency and reliability of power utility, and reduce the cost of power system. This paper presents a new concept which is that AC power system is replaced by DC power system in green buildings in the future.

  16. The Re-invention of the Tower House for the Construction of Green Buildings NZEB, Integrated With the Vertical Axis Small Wind System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marino, Francesco Paolo R.

    Nowadays the cultural and economic context aims to create a sustainable "carbon zero" society through energy-efficient green buildings NZEB, but it has so far overlooked a construction type widely spread throughout Europe, especially in the Middle Ages, and that in Italy still characterizes the most beautiful landscapes of Tuscany and other cities: the tower-house. The aim of the research was to verify the possibility of reinventing the type of the familiar tower-house, which is intrinsically directed to conquer the height and therefore higher wind conditions, assuming the installation on the top of a small wind system to use wind energy, to make the building energetically self-sufficient. This building is designed from a wooden structure of a deciduous tree widespread in the Italian region of Basilicata, the Turkish Oak, which, subject to processes of hygrothermal conditioning, can be transformed into the base material to compose laminated timber beams and pillars, able to guarantee a load of exercise, to bending stress, equal to 40.9 N/mm2, as followed by tests in the Laboratory of Engineering of the University of Basilicata, Potenza. With normal wind conditions in the city of Potenza (average of 6.5 m/s), a 5 kW wind turbine mounted at 25 m tall on a 13 m high building is able to provide all the energy the building needs, with its attractive tapered oval top that minimizes turbulence. Entirely made with structures, finishes and natural insulation, the building is a sign in the landscape, history and future together.

  17. Construction Technology of the Green Building Exterior Decoration in the View of Energy Saving and Environmental Protection%刍议节能环保下的绿色建筑外装饰的施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Under the condition of energy saving and enviro-nmental protection, modern building now pays more at ention to the green environmental protection, and the construction te-chnology of construction decoration is also in constant innov-ation. This paper simply discusses the green building construc-tion technology of green building exterior decoration in the vi-ew of energy saving and environmental protection.%  在节能环保的条件下,如今的建筑更加注重绿色环保,而建筑外装饰的施工技术也在不断创新。本文针对节能环保下的绿色建筑外装饰的施工技术进行了简单的探讨。

  18. The noise environment of a school classroom due to the operation of utility helicopters. [acoustic measurements of helicopter noise during flight over building

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilton, D. A.; Pegg, R. J.

    1974-01-01

    Noise measurements under controlled conditions have been made inside and outside of a school building during flyover operations of four different helicopters. The helicopters were operated at a condition considered typical for a police patrol mission. Flyovers were made at an altitude of 500 ft and an airspeed of 45 miles per hour. During these operations acoustic measurements were made inside and outside of the school building with the windows closed and then open. The outside noise measurements during helicopter flyovers indicate that the outside db(A) levels were approximately the same for all test helicopters. For the windows closed case, significant reductions for the inside measured db(A) values were noted for all overflights. These reductions were approximately 20 db(A); similar reductions were noted in other subjective measuring units. The measured internal db(A) levels with the windows open exceeded published classroom noise criteria values; however, for the windows-closed case they are in general agreement with the criteria values.

  19. 建筑与植物结合的城市生态设计%The Urban Ecological Design Based on Integration of Building and Greening

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴正旺; 杨鑫; 马欣

    2012-01-01

    当前,我国城市绿地率已达相当高的比例,但环境恶化之势仍未得到根本扭转,其主要原因之一,在于城市景现综台生态机能的衰退.将建筑设计与城市植物群落结合,按照植物群落最小面积要求设置大中型绿地斑块、合理限定人为干扰并引导群落演替,就能减少绿地系统的人工维护,完善群落组织,改善城市小气候.而将建筑设计与绿地系统的生态补偿结合,兼顾绿地景观的关键生态过程和重要节点的保育,以绿地系统改善自然采光、通风与景观视觉,则能有效地弥补、修正城市绿地的格局与构成.最后,在建筑设计中结合绿地进行节能设计,利用绿地做功,还能降低建筑全生命周期的运营费用,有利于城市可持续健康发展.%The urban greenspace ratio has been of a very high rate in China, but environmental degradation has not been fundamentally reversed. The reason lies in the decline of integrated ecosystem function of urban landscapes. But with the combination of architectural design and urban greening communities, the establishment of large or medium-sized green patches in accordance with the minimum requirement of greening community scale, and reasonable control of human intervention and greening community evolvement. the artificial maintenance of greenspace can be reduced, the organization of community be improved, and the urban microclimate be ameliorated. At the same time, with the integration of architectural design and ecological compensation of greenspace system, the protection of key ecological processes and key node of greenspaces, the incorporation of greenspace system into architectural design improving natural lighting, ventilation and visual quality, the pattern and composition of urban greenspace can be effectively made up and fixed. Finally, with the combination of architectural design with greenspaces, energy saving design according to different buildings types, and the working

  20. "Green" Classes Flourish in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2009-01-01

    Courses focused on renewable and alternative energy are taking hold across the country as educators seek to channel students' concerns about the environment and conservation into classroom lessons. This article talks about the rising interest in "green" curriculum. Here, the author describes the Green Tech class that introduces students to the…

  1. Building Common Ground in Intercultural Encounters:a Study of Classroom Interaction in an Employment Preparation Programme for Canadian Immigrants

    OpenAIRE

    Victoria, Mabel

    2011-01-01

    This thesis focuses on how a group of linguistically and culturally diverse individuals in an employment preparation class for immigrants to Canada use communicative strategies and resources to build common ground, that is, how they use language to form a socially cohesive group that foregrounds shared knowledge, shared relational identity, in-group membership and shared attitudes and feelings. The thesis draws from a 12-week ethnographically informed study using participant observation w...

  2. 基于屋顶绿化的构造层次研究%Study on Building Roof Greening Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李恒威

    2012-01-01

    通过对常见平屋顶绿化构造层次进行分析研究.将过滤层、蓄排水层、阻根穿刺防水层采用集成式的方法综合为复合蓄排水毡层,起到维修容易、减少屋顶荷载等作用.并对坡屋顶绿化种植土滑移现象进行处理,提出坡屋面培植土网格固定的方法.实际工程证明方法合理,效果明显,便于大范围的推广.%Through to the common flat roof structure of roof greening level research, the filter layer, drainage layer, root resistance waterproof layer are used puncture integrated method for composite drainage mat layer, to reduce the roof load, improve the level of repair because of the defects of difficult. The slope of the roof greening planting soil slip phenomenon, the methods for solving the mesh fixation is put forward. Practical engineering method is reasonable, obvious effect, convenient popularization in large scope.

  3. Façade Greening: High-rise apartment building in Milan using pre-stressed concrete slab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wenning; Li, Mingxin; Han, Yinong; Wang, Moqi; Ansourian, Peter

    2016-08-01

    In this project, one single level of the Façade Greening was designed and modelled using finite element method in Strand7. A static analysis was performed in order to understand the deflection and the stress due to the extra loads imposed by the soil and plants. The results produced by the linear static solver are compared with the strength of the materials and the European limitations. The maximum tension stress which exceeds the tensile strength in concrete is found in the root of the cantilever balcony. An alternative design of the cantilevered balcony with pre-stressed concrete slab is modelled separately for the balcony. Decrease is found in the tension stress and the significant improvement of deflection of the balcony with pre-stressed concrete slab. The dynamic loads such as wind and earthquake did not suggest significant effect on the pre-stressed concrete slab.

  4. The usability of green building rating systems in hot arid climates: A case study in Siwa, Egypt

    OpenAIRE

    Attia, Shady; Dabaieh, Marwa

    2013-01-01

    In the last ten years there has been a proliferation of regional building rating systems across the Middle East (ME). Most those emerging rating systems and labels emulate the British and American rating systems BREEAM and LEED that emerged in industrial countries context with an impact reduction paradigm. Thus they are neglecting the local historic, climatic, economic, technological, cultural and social context of the ME. This paper presents a case study of a recently constructed eco-lodge,...

  5. The Influence of Clientsâ Qualities on Green Design Performance of Building Projects in Malaysia-Descriptive Study

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed S. Elforgani; Ismail Rahmat

    2012-01-01

    Problem statement: In the construction industry, success of building projects greatly depends on the clientâs performance. The performance of clients is crucial since decisions made will influence the overall project performance. Typically, clients are represented by managerial and technical representatives during the design process. They play major roles in conveying required information to the design team regarding their future project. The quality of clientsâ representatives has potential ...

  6. Simulation of Game Equilibrium Cost Control of Green Building%绿色保温建筑的博弈平衡造价控制仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓娟

    2016-01-01

    传统方法中对建筑的造价控制模型采用静态层次融合方法进行数学建模,随着建筑规模的扩大和用料成本的市场变动,导致对建筑工程造价的预估性能不好.提出一种基于博弈平衡控制的绿色保温建筑造价预测算法,实现对工程造价的成本控制.分析了绿色保温建筑的材料结构模型,对绿色保温建筑的混凝土墙面进行柔性造价与热应力梯度边界数值模拟,得到成本造价与绿色保温建筑生产效率约束关系函数.采用博弈平衡控制算法实现造价准确预测和评估.仿真结果表明,采用该模型能有效实现对建筑工程造价的预测和控制,精度较高,性能较好.%In the traditional method, the cost control model of the building uses the static level fusion method to carry on the mathematical modeling, with the construction scale and the cost of the market, the forecast performance is not good. This paper presents a new method of cost prediction of green building, which is based on the equilibrium of the game, and realizes the cost control of the project cost. The material structure model of green building is analyzed, and the thermal stress gradient boundary value of the concrete wall is simulated, and the relationship function of the cost and the production efficiency is obtained. Using the game balance control algorithm to realize the cost prediction and evaluation. The simulation results show that the model can effectively achieve the prediction and control of the construction cost, and the precision is high, and the performance is good.

  7. The Green Electricity: The Potential of Using Solar Pv Panel for The Royal Malaysian Police (RMP Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md Yasin Md Hafiz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available As the year 2020 approaches, Malaysia aims to be self-sufficient and independence in finding resources to fuel its development, especially in energy sector. To achieve this aims, Malaysia need to strengthen its energy sustainability aspect and have a clear foresight in handling energy security issue. In coming decades, energy crisis due the existence of the significant energy threat may cause power interruptions and lead to many interrelated problems, especially safety and security issues. Issues such as unstable political and economic situation in Middle East country, Spratly issue, South China Sea territorial issue, war and terrorist may lead to unstable safety and security environment for Malaysia. The most significant organization to keep the safety and security of Malaysia is The Royal Malaysian Police (RMP. However, at the moment, this organization is fully-reliant on centralized electricity supply that may interrupt due to the future energy threat. Therefore, it is important for this organization to have an independence and self-sufficient electricity supply in order to remain their operation in any circumstances .The solar energy, through Photovoltaic (PV panel, has been identified as the significant resources to achieve this purposes. With constant solar irradiance, Malaysia has great potential in solar energy harvesting. The energy is clean, environmental-friendly, reliable and readily-accessible throughout the year. This paper will review the potential of green electricity through solar PV in being the power supply for RMP in order to maintain the security and safety of Malaysia

  8. Front-line worker engagement: greening health care, improving worker and patient health, and building better jobs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chenven, Laura; Copeland, Danielle

    2013-01-01

    Frontline workers have a great deal to contribute to improving environmental sustainability of their employers and the health of workers and patients. This article discusses a national project of the Healthcare Career Advancement Program, funded by the U.S. Department of Labor to support green jobs development. Implementation was accomplished through a labor/management collaboration between union locals and 11 employers in four regions throughout the United States. The project developed and implemented a model of training and education for environmental service workers and other frontline health-care workers in hospital settings that supported systems change and built new roles for these workers. It empowered them to contribute to triple bottom line outcomes in support of People (patients, workers, the community), Planet (environmental sustainability and a lower carbon footprint), and Profit (cost savings for the institutions). In the process workers more clearly articulated their important role as a part of the healthcare team and learned how they could contribute to improved patient and worker health and safety. PMID:23896075

  9. Green building case study based on life cycle energy theory%基于全寿命周期能耗理论的绿色建筑实例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万珺; 谭洪卫

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, the energy consumption of green building building was calculated and analyzed based on the life cycle theory and combined with the characteristics of this building and through the establishment of model,. The intrinsic relationship between the energy consumption of different stages of the whole construction lifecycle was found. Through the comparison with the baseline model the actual reductions of emission was gotten. The study provided the research basis of green building. Meanwhile it will be helpful for the sustainable development of green building.%本文运用全寿命周期理论,结合实际绿色建筑的自身特点,通过建立计算模型,对该绿色建筑的能耗进行了计算与分析。找出了该建筑全寿命周期各阶段能耗之间的内在关系,并通过与对应的基准建筑比较得出实际减排量,为绿色建筑的研究提供相关依据,对绿色建筑的可持续性发展具有一定的借鉴意义。

  10. Calculating green house gas emissions for buildings: analysis of the performance of several carbon counting tools in different climates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    La Roche, P.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The first step to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from buildings is to be able to count them. If this counting is integrated in the design process the impact of architectural design strategies can be evaluated more easily and a building with reduced emissions can be developed. Fifty greenhouse gas calculators and energy modeling software were compared in the main areas in which buildings are responsible for carbon emissions: operation, water, construction, waste and transportation to and from the building. These tools had to be free and easy to use so that they could be used by everybody in the initial phases of the architectural design process, while providing sufficient precision to provide useful input to the designer. The effect of modifying the envelope insulation, the quality of the windows, the efficiency of the heating and cooling systems, and integrating direct gain and night ventilation, on operation emissions was evaluated with two energy modeling tools: HEED and Design Builder. Results demonstrated that implementing appropriate design strategies significantly reduced emissions from operation in all climates. An easy to implement protocol that combines several tools for GHG counting in buildings is provided at the end.

    El primer paso para reducir las emisiones de gases invernadero generadas por las edificaciones es el poder calcularlas adecuadamente. Si esta actividad se integra al proceso de diseño arquitectónico; entonces el impacto de las estrategias de diseño se puede evaluar más fácilmente; resultando un edificio con menores emisiones. Cincuenta herramientas de cálculo de emisiones y programas de modelaje se compararon en las áreas en las cuales los edificios son responsables de las emisiones de gases invernadero: operación; agua; construcción; basura; y transporte desde y hasta el edificio. Las herramientas comparadas debían ser fáciles de utilizar; pero con suficiente precisión para proveer información de

  11. Building Models in the Classroom: Taking Advantage of Sophisticated Geomorphic Numerical Tools Using a Simple Graphical User Interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, S. G.; Koons, P. O.; Gerbi, C. C.; Capps, D. K.; Tucker, G. E.; Rogers, Z. A.

    2014-12-01

    Sophisticated numerical tools exist for modeling geomorphic processes and linking them to tectonic and climatic systems, but they are often seen as inaccessible for users with an exploratory level of interest. We have improved the accessibility of landscape evolution models by producing a simple graphics user interface (GUI) that takes advantage of the Channel-Hillslope Integrated Landscape Development (CHILD) model. Model access is flexible: the user can edit values for basic geomorphic, tectonic, and climate parameters, or obtain greater control by defining the spatiotemporal distributions of those parameters. Users can make educated predictions by choosing their own parametric values for the governing equations and interpreting the results immediately through model graphics. This method of modeling allows users to iteratively build their understanding through experimentation. Use of this GUI is intended for inquiry and discovery-based learning activities. We discuss a number of examples of how the GUI can be used at the upper high school, introductory university, and advanced university level. Effective teaching modules initially focus on an inquiry-based example guided by the instructor. As students become familiar with the GUI and the CHILD model, the class can shift to more student-centered exploration and experimentation. To make model interpretations more robust, digital elevation models can be imported and direct comparisons can be made between CHILD model results and natural topography. The GUI is available online through the University of Maine's Earth and Climate Sciences website, through the Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System (CSDMS) model repository, or by contacting the corresponding author.

  12. Savvy Schools Are Going Green

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. Gerard, Vanessa

    2008-01-01

    This article describes how the green phenomenon is spreading, especially among schools, which have found that not only are they being environmentally friendly, they are also saving big money. Green buildings focus on efficiency and renewable energy, water stewardship, environmentally preferable building materials and specifications, waste…

  13. 营造课堂微环境,促进学生的外语学习%Build up Classroom Micro-environment and Improve the Students’Study of Foreign Languages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永田

    2015-01-01

    良好的学习环境是提高教学质量的前提,课堂是学生学习最主要的环境之一。如何营造这个微观环境是一门艺术,也是一门科学。该文从几个方面对课堂微观环境进行了分析,并就如何营造课堂微观环境、提高学习效果提出了一些建议。%Good learning environment is the precondition of improving teaching quality;classroom is one of the main environments in which students study. How to build up the micro-environment is an art, and also a science. This paper ,from a few aspects, ana⁃lyzes the classroom micro-environment;and puts forward some suggestions on how to build up the classroom micro-environment to improve the learning effect of the students.

  14. 绿色装饰材料在建筑装饰施工中的应用分析%On the application of green decoration material in building decoration construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任建斌

    2016-01-01

    The thesis analyzes features of energy-saving and environment protection and green decoration material,describes the application of three kinds of green decoration materials including coated glass,touch-sensitive optical and soft membrane ceiling in engineering,introduces sev-eral new decoration material by combining with engineering examples,promote the development of green and ecological building.%分析了节能、环保、绿色装饰材料的特点,阐述了镀膜玻璃、光触媒、软膜天花三种绿色装饰材料在工程中的应用,并结合工程实例,介绍了几种新型的装饰材料,促进了绿色生态建筑的发展。

  15. Principals as Classroom Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunting, Carolyn

    2007-01-01

    The author suggests five ways in which busy principals can indirectly demonstrate their classroom leadership by encouraging teacher specialization, giving teachers opportunities to present case studies of at-risk students, building a diverse intellectual climate, instituting an idea exchange, and scheduling time for teachers to openly discuss a…

  16. Classroom Social Signal Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Raca, Mirko; Dillenbourg, Pierre

    2014-01-01

    We present our efforts towards building an observational system for measuring classroom activity. The goal is to explore visual cues which can be acquired with a system of video-cameras and automatically processed to enrich the teachers' perception of their audience. The paper will give a brief overview of our methodology, explored features and current findings.

  17. 关于干部教育培训机构主题教室建设的思考%Reflections on Building Theme Classrooms in Cadre Education and Training Institutes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张驰

    2014-01-01

    教室环境是课程实施的重要条件,在干部教育培训机构建设主题教室,是围绕一定教学主题设计的教育环境,通过赋予教室丰富的人文特性,营造出深度体验的学习环境,可以充分发挥环境影响人、在不知不觉中塑人于无形的作用,促进培训效果的提升。干部教育培训机构的主题教室建设,是一种隐性课程建设,对于推动开展研究式教学,探索教学模式创新,提高干部教育培训质量具有重要作用。%Classroom environment is an important condition for course performance. Theme classrooms built in cadre education and training institutes are educational environments designed around specific educational themes. Through providing rich humanistic features to classrooms and creating studying environment for in-depth experi-ence,they can exert unnoticing effects of environment to influence and mold individuals to raise effectiveness in training. The building of theme classrooms in cadre education and training institutes is a type of recessive course building that has great importance to promote research teaching,to explore for modal innovation in teaching,and to improve the quality of cadre education and training.

  18. Game Analysis of Economic Incentive Policy to Green Buildings' Demands%绿色建筑需求端经济激励政策的博弈分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安娜

    2012-01-01

    Green buildings and general constructions do not have clear distinction between their prices in current real estate market. The main reason is that the market discipline is not mature. Economic incentive policy to green buildings' demands can achieve the purpose of regulating the market and promoting green buildings' development. This paper established an asymmetric game model between the government and consumer groups, and analyzed their strategic choice behavior based on evolutionary game theory. In the end, the optimal strategies were suggested to both sides.%当前的房地产住宅市场上绿色建筑与普通建筑的价格并没有明显的区分,主要原因是市场规范度不够.对绿色建筑需求端实施经济激励政策可以达到规范市场、推动绿色建筑发展的目的.建立了政府和消费者群体之间的非对称博弈模型,并根据演化博弈论的方法,对其相互作用时的策略选择行为进行分析,然后对双方分别提出了最优策略建议.

  19. 温室效应在建筑外墙绿化上的应用与研究%On application of green-house effect in reforestation of external walls of buildings and its research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜鹏

    2011-01-01

    The paper illustrates the concept of the green-house effect,explores the application of the green-house effect in the reforestation of the external walls of buildings,introduces the planted types of the plants in the reforestation of the external walls in buildings,and points out the relative problems in the adoption of the green-house effect in the reforestation of the external walls of buildings,so as to direct the practice and to improve the urban environment.%对温室效应的概念进行了阐述,探讨了温室效应在建筑外墙绿化中的应用,介绍了建筑外墙绿化的植物栽种类型,并指出了建筑外墙绿化中采用温室效应时应注意的相关问题,以期指导实践,改善城市环境。

  20. Study on Comprehensive Evaluation System and Index Calculation of Light Roof-Greening in Urban Building%城市建筑轻型屋顶绿化综合评价体系及指标测算研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢丹凤; 郭树荣; 温丰源

    2016-01-01

    Light roof-greening is helpful in achieving energy-saving and emission reduction of the building itself. For three schemes naming roof greening,planting grass climbing greening and pergola greening,the paper designs comprehensive evaluation index system,and provides the appropriate method for calculating. At the same time,measures the indexes of thermal performance,energy-saving and consumption-reducing,cost,scope of application and landscape effects,and compares the comprehensive differences of the three schemes,provides reference for calculating and selecting schemes of light roof-greening.%轻型屋顶绿化有利于实现建筑物本身的节能减排。针对屋顶种植草绿化、爬藤绿化、棚架绿化三种方案,设计综合评价指标体系,给出相应的测算方法,并对热工性能、节能降耗、费用、适用范围、景观效果等指标进行测算,进而比较三种方案的综合差异,为轻型屋顶绿化指标测算及方案选择提供借鉴。

  1. On the Introduction of Green Chemistry to College Classroom%将绿色化学引入大学课堂

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常艳香

    2013-01-01

    The development of science and technology brought us a wealth of material resources, but it has also undermined the survival of our environment and endangered our physical and mental health. In order to return us to a healthy living environ-ment, people proposed the concept of green chemistry start in the middle of the last century. Green chemistry possesses the charac-teristics of atom economy, and it can achieve zero emissions, and conservation of resources, which plays an important role in envi-ronmental protection. The introduction of green chemistry to col-lege chemistry teaching can not only expand students' scope of knowledge, but also teach them to love the environment, so as to promote a harmonious development of human and nature.%  科技的发展带给我们丰富的物质资源同时也破坏了我们赖以生存的环境,危害着我们的身心健康。为了还我们一个健康的生活环境,从20世纪中叶开始人们提出了绿色化学的概念。绿色化学具有原子经济性的特点,可以实现零排放,并且节约资源,对环境起到很好的保护作用。在高校化学教学中渗透绿色化学知识不仅拓宽了学生的知识范围,更重要的是教会了他们如何去热爱环境、保护环境和治理环境,实现人与自然的和谐相处,推动人类社会的全面协调可持续发展。

  2. 城市生态休闲绿地建设研究%Study on Planning and Building Urban Ecological Leisure Green Land

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨荣金

    2014-01-01

    Urban ec ological leisure green land differs from urban green land, mainly including urban garden and other green land. According to the leisure activities' features that most residents are used to walking near by ordinarily and like relaxing in suburb on weekends or holidays, this paper divided the urban ecological leisure green land into daily short-time green land and holiday long-time green land. In the construction of urban ecological leisure green land, attention should be paid to supplying enough daily short-time leisure green land, complementarily developing leisure green land for weekends and holidays in outskirt, improving the facilities for leisure in public green land, expanding the popularization of green land and raising the opening of exclusive green land.%城市生态休闲绿地不同于城市绿地,主要包括其中的城市公园绿地和其他绿地。结合市民平时主要在居住地附近散步、节假日喜欢到郊区游憩的休闲活动特点,把生态休闲绿地分为日常短时休闲绿地和节假日长时休闲绿地。在城市生态休闲绿地建设中,应重点建设日常短时休闲绿地,配套开发节假日长时休闲绿地,完善城市公共绿地的休闲设施,增强城市公共绿地的大众性,提高专有绿地的开放性。

  3. Facilitating Collaborative Knowledge Building

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hmelo-Silver, Cindy E.; Barrows, Howard S.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes a detailed analysis of knowledge building in a problem-based learning group. Knowledge building involves increasing the collective knowledge of a group through social discourse. For knowledge building to occur in the classroom, the teacher needs to create opportunities for constructive discourse in order to support student…

  4. Green Schools for Everyone within This Generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Mourik, Jaime

    2011-01-01

    At the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), people see the profound, positive impact that green buildings have on people's lives and the innovation they have poured into the marketplace--from office and retail buildings to government facilities and individual homes. However, none of these markets speaks more powerfully to the benefits and…

  5. 天津中新生态城绿色建筑评价体系及节能效益研究%Green building evaluation system and energy efficiency for SinoSingaporean Tianjin eco-city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴俊杰; 马秀琴; 黄超; 赵妍

    2011-01-01

    Based on the green building standards of Sino-Singaporean Tianjin Eco-city, the annual loads, CO2 emission reductions and co-benefit of residential buildings are calculated. The annual emission of green house gases of the eco-city is 527.867 kt CO2 less than that of conventional buildings, bringing about economic benefits of at least 35.23512 million YMB yuan. The buildings of the eco-city are also evaluated according to the LEED standards with the score of 30 points, which meets the LEED standards.%基于天津中新生态城绿色建筑标准,计算住宅楼全年负荷和CO2减排量及协同效益.中新生态城建筑比常规建筑每年减排527.867 kt CO2,在经济上可获得至少3523.512万元/年的收益.根据美国LEED绿色建筑评价标准对中新生态城进行了评价.中新生态城依据美国LEED评估体系得分为30分,符合美国LEED评价标准对绿色建筑的要求.

  6. Green Roof Potential in Arab Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Attia, Shady

    2014-01-01

    Urban green roofs have long been promoted as an easy and effective strategy for beautifying the built environment and increasing investment opportunity. The building roof is very important because it has a direct impact on thermal comfort and energy conservation in and around buildings. Urban green roofs can help to address the lack of green space in many urban areas. Urban green roofs provides the city with open spaces that helps reduce urban heat island effect and provides the human populat...

  7. Building a Great Green Wall

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG HAIRONG

    2010-01-01

    @@ Under red flags fluttering in the early pring breeze, 260 volunteers planted more than 500 trees in suburban Beijing on March 23. On March 27, a warm Saturday in Beijing, 168 minister-level government officials volunteered leisure time to plant trees in Beijing's Fangshan District.The volunteers planted trees to mark China's 32nd Tree Planting Day, or Arbor Day, which falls on March 12 each year.Because of cold weather this March, largescale tree-planting activities in Beijing have been postponed to late March and early April, said the General Office of Capital Forestation Commission.

  8. Building Green the Right Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, C. Deana

    2009-01-01

    As the workforce development arm of the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB), and cluster leader for the Architecture and Construction career cluster, Home Builders Institute (HBI) has a vested interest in keeping America's elementary, middle and high school students excited and knowledgeable about what's new in residential construction.…

  9. Classroom Management in Diverse Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milner, H. Richard, IV; Tenore, F. Blake

    2010-01-01

    Classroom management continues to be a serious concern for teachers and especially in urban and diverse learning environments. The authors present the culturally responsive classroom management practices of two teachers from an urban and diverse middle school to extend the construct, culturally responsive classroom management. The principles that…

  10. A context based approach using Green Chemistry/Bio-remediation principles to enhance interest and learning of organic chemistry in a high school AP chemistry classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Tricia

    The ability of our planet to sustain life and heal itself is not as predictable as it used to be. Our need for educated future scientists who know what our planet needs, and can passionately apply that knowledge to find solutions should be at the heart of science education today. This study of learning organic chemistry through the lens of the environmental problem "What should be done with our food scraps?" explores student interest, and mastery of certain concepts in organic chemistry. This Green Chemistry/ Bio-remediation context-based teaching approach utilizes the Nature MillRTM, which is an indoor food waste composting machine, to learn about organic chemistry, and how this relates to landfill reduction possibilities, and resource production. During this unit students collected food waste from their cafeteria, and used the Nature MillRTM to convert food waste into compost. The use of these hands on activities, and group discussions in a context-based environment enhanced their interest in organic chemistry, and paper chromatography. According to a one-tailed paired T-test, the result show that this context-based approach is a significant way to increase both student interest and mastery of the content.

  11. Green Student Centers' Influence on the Campus Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrell, Krista L.

    2012-01-01

    Green building and design is an emerging trend in institutions of higher education. It is important to consider the practices and expectations of the users of green buildings. The attitudes of faculty, staff, and students play a key role in the overall successful performance of green buildings. This study offers direction for the intentional…

  12. Green finance is essential for economic development and sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Chowdhury, Tasnim; Datta, Rajib; Mohajan, Haradhan

    2013-01-01

    Green finance is part of a broader occurrence; from the incorporation of various non-financial or ethical concerns onto the financial universe. Generally green finance is considered as the financial support for green growth which reduces greenhouse gas emissions and air pollutant emissions significantly. Green finance in agriculture, green buildings and other green projects should increase for the economic development of the country. In this paper an attempt has been made to describe green fi...

  13. Green nanotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Geoff B.

    2011-10-01

    Nanotechnology, in particular nanophotonics, is proving essential to achieving green outcomes of sustainability and renewable energy at the scales needed. Coatings, composites and polymeric structures used in windows, roof and wall coatings, energy storage, insulation and other components in energy efficient buildings will increasingly involve nanostructure, as will solar cells. Nanostructures have the potential to revolutionize thermoelectric power and may one day provide efficient refrigerant free cooling. Nanomaterials enable optimization of optical, opto-electrical and thermal responses to this urgent task. Optical harmonization of material responses to environmental energy flows involves (i) large changes in spectral response over limited wavelength bands (ii) tailoring to environmental dynamics. The latter includes engineering angle of incidence dependencies and switchable (or chromogenic) responses. Nanomaterials can be made at sufficient scale and low enough cost to be both economic and to have a high impact on a short time scale. Issues to be addressed include human safety and property changes induced during manufacture, handling and outdoor use. Unexpected bonuses have arisen in this work, for example the savings and environmental benefits of cool roofs extend beyond the more obvious benefit of reduced heat flows from the roof into the building.

  14. 美国绿色建筑评估体系LEED修订新版简介与分析%On green building evaluation system:LEED 2012 in United States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王清勤; 叶凌

    2012-01-01

    针对建筑设计和施工、建筑内装设计和施工、既有建筑运行维护等不同建筑阶段的美国绿色建筑评估体系LEED v4版将于2013年发布实施.根据其第4次征求意见稿,分别从适用建筑阶段和类型、评价和分级方法、评价指标体系等方面,重点介绍了其在2009版本基础上的改动;同时,将其与英国绿色建筑评估体系BREEAM及我国的《绿色建筑评价标准》进行了对比分析.最后,分析了LEED的优势和不足,以及一些尚未得到合理解决的技术问题.%The 4th version of LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design), the green building evaluation system, will be issued and become effective in 2013. It serves building design and construction, interior design and construction, operation and maintenance of existing building, homes, neighborhood development. Presents the revision of the 4th version from the former version of 2009 from aspects of the applicable building stage and type, scoring and rating method, and evaluating index system, respectively. Compares the 4th version of LEED with other green building evaluation systems, BREEAM in UK and GB/T 50378 in China. Analyses the successes and insufficiencies of LEED and some technical problems to be solved.

  15. Green and growing

    OpenAIRE

    Olsen, Randy; McAfee, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    In 2009, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opened a new library designed to meet the rigorous standards set by the U.S. Green Building Council for newly constructed facilities. The success of the project was officially recognized when the Church History Library received its Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification. This paper will trace how building plans originally focused on preserving archival materials were expanded to address larger environme...

  16. Under the Information Technology Environment Wisdom Classroom Building Method and Case Study%信息技术环境下智慧课堂构建方法及案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐烨伟; 庞敬文; 钟绍春; 王伟

    2014-01-01

    Construction and application of wisdom classroom is the current hot research ifeld of educational technology, the paper on the methodology of how to build the next IT environment with classroom teaching wisdom deep integration of the parties concerned to think, sort of wisdom and teaching classroom integration different application level and summarized for translational applications, application integration points targeted learning ways transformative applications and intelligence applications;Then the wisdom of proposed construction method and point out its core classroom teaching model for change, along with teaching cases will be explained in order to analyze the ifle system through the construction method and application cases are about the wisdom of the classroom, the real IT support under learning change and innovation.%智慧课堂的构建与应用是当前教育技术学研究的热点领域,该文就信息技术环境下如何构建智慧课堂的方法与学科教学深度融合的有关方面进行思考,梳理了智慧课堂与教学融合的不同应用层次,并总结为平移性应用、整合点针对性应用、学习方式方法变革性应用以及智慧性应用;随后提出了智慧课堂的构建方法并指出其核心为改变教学模型,并附以教学案例进行说明,以期通过该文系统地分析关于智慧课堂的构建方法与应用案例,真正实现信息技术支持下的学习变革与创新。

  17. 基于建设美丽中国视角的绿色包装设计研究%Study on the green packaging design based on building the beautiful Chinese Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘会齐; 刘欣; 梅君子; 程静; 苏亚南

    2013-01-01

    The beautiful Chinese construction should be started gradually in the big trend of green development ,development cycle,low carbon development,one of the important contents of green development is the green packaging design. Green packaging design is the im-portant elements to build a beautiful chinese. Low carbon green packaging design of low carbon economy is dedicated to the production process of packaging materials based on the possible use of clean production mechanism,production of packaging materials. Based on the green packaging design of circular economy to carry out the sustainable development principle in the packaging process. Green packaging design based on life cycle assessment measure and optimize the whole life process of packaging products and gradually realize based on green process. Green packaging design technology and principle based on the technical standards and principles to set up based on ,and implement the green concept in reality. Green packaging design aesthetics principle of aesthetic ideas in green packaging integration based on components,increase the beauty of beautiful china.%美丽中国建设要在绿色发展、循环发展、低碳发展的大趋势下逐渐展开,其中绿色发展的重要内容之一是绿色包装设计。绿色包装设计对于建设美丽中国来说是重要的构成要素。基于低碳经济的绿色包装设计致力于实现包装材料的生产过程中的低碳化,尽量选用清洁生产机制生产出包装材料。基于循环经济的绿色包装设计试图在包装过程中贯彻可持续发展原则。基于生命周期评价的绿色包装设计基于包装产品的全生命过程的测量与优化而逐步实现绿色化进程。基于技术与原则的绿色包装设计立足于技术标准与原则设立,进而在现实层面贯彻绿色理念。基于美学原理的绿色包装设计整合美学理念于绿色包装之中,为美丽中国增加美的成分。

  18. The housing development process: green homes in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Fazdliel Aswad Ibrahim; Mohd Wira; Mohd Shafiei; Abdelnaser Omran; Ilias Said

    2012-01-01

    Green building has been adopted and became an accepted norm in the developed countries like USA, UK, Canada and Australia. Despite the good efforts shown by the developed countries on how to build green building, the developing and less developed countries inclusive Malaysia seem lag behind in this aspect. The issue of sustainable approach in building industry in Malaysia is still new and there are a little of housing projects are meeting the criteria of green buildings. The housing developer...

  19. Toronto green roof construction standard

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toronto City Council adopted a green roof strategy in February 2006. This paper reviewed the by-law governing the strategy as well as the work in progress to develop minimum standards for the design and construction of green roofs in Toronto. The strategy included a series of recommendations regarding the installation of green roofs on city buildings; a pilot grant program; using the development process to encourage green roofs; and, public education and promotion. It was noted that compared to Europe, the development of standards for green roofs in North America is in its early stages. As an emerging sustainable technology, there currently are no standards incorporated into Ontario's Building Code against which Toronto can measure the design and construction of green roofs. Therefore this paper included an analysis detailing how the recommended design requirements were able to support the City's green roof policy objectives and integrate the performance criteria for green roofs previously established and supported by Toronto City Council. The key policy objectives of the City's green roof strategy were to reduce the urban heat island effect; to address stormwater management implications in terms of quality and quantity; to improve the energy budgets of individual buildings; and, to improve air quality

  20. 夏热冬暖地区高校既有建筑绿色改造设计策略研究%Green Improvement Design Strategy for Existing Academic Buildings in Areas of Hot Summer and Warm Winter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭卫宏; 刘骁

    2016-01-01

    在目前全面推进生态文明建设的背景下,“绿色”发展理念和“碳中和”的设计理念将日益深入人心。我国大学校园的建筑存量大,大学校园既有建筑绿色改造具有重要的现实节能减排意义和生态文明教育推广作用。针对夏热冬暖地区的地域和气候特点,结合实际的高校建筑绿色改造项目,从遮阳隔热、通风、水循环、复合绿化与资源利用等方面建构系统性的高校既有建筑绿色改造设计策略,为解决大学校园建筑的能耗问题和提升校园建筑的环境性能提供思路。%In a context where the ecological development is being promoted in an all-around manner, the“Green” development concept and “Carbon-neutral” design concept will be increasingly accepted by the people. As there is a huge stock of university buildings in China, the green improvement of such buildings would be of great realistic significance in terms of energy conservation and emission reduction and enhance the ecological awareness. In view of the geographical and climatic characteristics of the areas of hot summer and warm winter and based on green improvement practices of university buildings, we aim to establish a systematic green improvement design strategy covering sun-shading, thermal insulation, ventilation, water circulation, composite greening and resource utilization, so as to offer some thoughts for tackling the energy issues and enhancing the environmental performance of the university buildings.

  1. A Green Role Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Paul J.

    2008-01-01

    Building a new green campus and adopting a philosophy of sustainability is exciting, but if not done properly, it is not always the wisest decision. As one considers the education, health, and safety of a campus community, along with its business objectives, one may discover that there are numerous ways to make the campus more sustainable without…

  2. The Green Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahnigen, Charlie

    2006-01-01

    As interest in green building grows, much discussion has focused on aligning a project with the principles of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification: (1) cost savings through energy and water conservation; (2) improved worker productivity; (3) health, insurance and risk-management benefits; and (4) enhanced building…

  3. Improving Classroom Engagement using Enhanced Teaching Methods

    OpenAIRE

    Keegan, Brian; Schoen-Phelan, Bianca

    2016-01-01

    Third level student engagement in the classroom can be difficult for a number of reasons. Putting the content aside, factors include the duration of the class, size of the class, and time of day. Introducing classroom activities can be seen to improve student engagement and to reinforce key components. Teaching a technical discipline possess additional challenges in that the requirement to use technology in the classroom may not be feasible due to available building services. However, many st...

  4. Green PC Saves Human Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulla Shaik

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Green computing is the study and practice of using computing resources efficiently. This give idea about reduce the use of hazardous materials maximize energy efficiency during the product's lifetime, and promote recyclability. Green computing can be broadly defined as the problem of reducing the overall carbon footprint of computing and communication infrastructure, such as data centers, by using energy-efficient design and operations. As the environmentalists and energy conservationists ponder over the issue of conserving environment, technologists have come out with a simple solution to let you contribute to the “Go Green” campaign- with the help of Green PCs. By using green computing practices; you can improve energy management, increase energy efficiency, reduce e-waste, and save money. Taking into consideration the popular use of information technology industry, it has to lead a revolution of sorts by turning green in a manner no industry has ever done before. It is worth emphasizing that this “green technology” should not be just about sound bytes to impress activists but concrete action and organizational policy. The plan towards Green PC should include new electronic products and services with optimum efficiency and all possible options towards energy savings and technical issues in high-performance green computing span the spectrum from green infrastructure like energy-efficient buildings, intelligent cooling systems, green power sources for green hardware multi-core computing systems, energy-efficient server design, energy-efficient solid-state storage for green software and applications.

  5. 以情境构建为主线的高职英语视听说课堂教学模式探究%Higher vocational English audio-visual classroom teaching mode, situation building as the main line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蕾; 肖建云

    2015-01-01

    This topic research takes constructivism and situated cognition theory as the basis, through the teaching practice, and connecting with the interview and questionnaire survey from the teaching content, teaching process, to achieve the goals of teaching from three aspects discussed in the higher vocational English audio-visual classroom teaching, make the situation to build through visual, listening, said trinity, the skill training of higher vocational English audio-visual classroom teaching to achieve the desired goal, and effectively improve students' English communication ability.%本课题研究以建构主义情境论和情境认知论为依据,通过教学实践,并结合访谈及问卷调查从教学内容,教学实施过程,教学目标的实现三个方面探讨了在高职英语视听说课堂教学中,使情境构建贯穿于视,听,说三位一体的技能训练中,从而达到高职英语视听说课堂教学的预期目标,并使学生的英语交际能力切实地得到提高。

  6. Growing Social Capital in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arriaza, Gilberto; Rocha, Christie

    2016-01-01

    Sharing school supplies appears, indeed, a simple, even an irrelevant routine activity, but upon closer examination one realizes that deeper and complex issues are at stake. This article aims at explaining how seemingly uneventful classroom activities contain the potential to building social capital in the classroom, which occurs when and if…

  7. Study on green residential building market simulation method based on system dynamics%绿色住宅市场的系统动力学仿真研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓冬; 武永祥

    2013-01-01

    面对越来越严重的资源与环境危机,政府也更加关注绿色住宅的建设,这也是房地产企业未来的开发趋势.首先界定绿色住宅和绿色住宅市场的内涵与特征,在对绿色住宅市场系统分析的基础上,建立需求子系统、开发决策子系统、政府行为子系统,分析其因果反馈关系,绘制系统的存量流量图.接下来采用Vensim PLE软件对南京市绿色住宅市场进行动态仿真模拟与预测,结果显示,绿色住宅市场有更广阔的发展前景,会逐渐获得消费者的认可,并占据一定的市场份额,最终该市场将趋于稳定.结合模拟结果,最后提出绿色住宅市场发展的对策建议.该仿真结果预测绿色住宅市场的不同阶段的发展趋势,为政府政策的制定和房地产企业开发决策提供参考.%Under increasingly serious resource and environmental crisis,green residential building is more and more concerned by the government and will dominates the development of real estate companies.Firstly,the definitions of green housing and green housing market are given,and the demand subsystem,decision-making subsystem and government behaviors subsystem are established based on systematic analysis.Then causal feedback relationships are analyzed and flow chart of the system is drawn.Next,Vensim PLE software is used to simulate,forecast and analyze the green residential building market in Nanjing.The analysis results shows that the future market will keep developing,get acceptance from consumers,own some market share and finally keep stable.At last,some measurements and suggestions on the market development are put forward.This simulation results are helpful to forecast different development stages of green housing market and provide a reference to the decisions of governments and real estate companies.

  8. Building beyond the Evaluation Of Environmental Education and Sustainable Development in African Schools and Communities: The Women Global Green Action Network (WGGAN) Africa Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enie, Rosemary Olive Mbone

    2006-01-01

    This article describes the Community Health Education and School Sanitation (CHESS) Project, an initiative by the Women Global Green Action Network International to support community-based environmental projects in Africa. The CHESS Project uses women, children and youth to develop more sustainable health and sanitation systems in urban and rural…

  9. Building Core Knowledge - Reconstructing Earth History’: Transforming Undergraduate Instruction by Bringing Ocean Drilling Science on Earth History and Global Climate Change into the Classroom (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. John, K.; Leckie, R. M.; Jones, M. H.; Pound, K. S.; Pyle, E.; Krissek, L. A.

    2009-12-01

    This NSF-funded, Phase 1 CCLI project effectively integrates scientific ocean drilling data and research (DSDP-ODP-IODP-ANDRILL) with education. We have developed, and are currently testing, a suite of data-rich inquiry-based classroom learning materials based on sediment core archives. These materials are suitable for use in introductory geoscience courses that serve general education students, early geoscience majors, and pre-service teachers. 'Science made accessible' is the essence of this goal. Our team consists of research and education specialists from institutions ranging from R1 research to public liberal arts to community college. We address relevant and timely ‘Big Ideas’ with foundational geoscience concepts and climate change case studies, as well transferable skills valued in professional settings. The exercises are divided into separate but inter-related modules including: introduction to cores, seafloor sediments, microfossils and biostratigraphy, paleomagnetism and magnetostratigraphy, climate rhythms, oxygen-isotope changes in the Cenozoic, past Arctic and Antarctic climates, drill site selection, interpreting Arctic and Antarctic sediment cores, onset of Northern Hemisphere glaciation, onset of Antarctic glaciation, and the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Each module has several parts, and each is designed to be used in the classroom, laboratory, or assigned as homework. All exercises utilize authentic data. Students work with scientific uncertainty, practice quantitative and problem-solving skills, and expand their basic geologic and geographic knowledge. Students have the opportunity to work individually and in groups, evaluate real-world problems, and formulate hypotheses. Initial exercises in each module are useful to introduce a topic, gauge prior knowledge, and flag possible areas of student misconception. Comprehensive instructor guides provide essential background information, detailed answer keys, and alternative implementation

  10. Vocabulary Instruction and Mexican-American Bilingual Students: How Two High School Teachers Integrate Multiple Strategies to Build Word Consciousness in English Language Arts Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajayi, Lasisi

    2015-01-01

    Despite the significance of vocabulary knowledge to student learning, limited studies have examined English language arts (ELA) teachers' skills and practices that may be effective for building word consciousness in high school Mexican-American bilingual students. The research objective of the present study is to examine how two high school ELA…

  11. Green Chemistry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collison, Melanie

    2011-05-15

    Green chemistry is the science of chemistry used in a way that will not use or create hazardous substances. Dr. Rui Resendes is working in this field at GreenCentre Canada, an offshoot of PARTEQ Innovations in Kingston, Ontario. GreenCentre's preliminary findings suggest their licensed product {sup S}witchable Solutions{sup ,} featuring 3 classes of solvents and a surfactant, may be useful in bitumen oil sands extraction.

  12. Encouraging Classroom Discussion

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Joseph McKee

    2014-01-01

    Classroom discussion has the potential to enhance the learning environment and encourages students to become active participants in the educational process. Student participation in classroom discussion has been shown to significantly improve the student learning experience. Research suggests that classroom discussion is an effective method for encouraging student classroom participation and for motivating student learning beyond the classroom. Participation in classroom discussion encourages...

  13. Green Construction Assessment of Building Engineering Based on Improved Vague Similarity Aggregation Method%基于改进的Vague相似汇总法的建筑工程绿色施工评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爱领

    2014-01-01

    结合知名绿色建筑评价体系与建筑工程特点构建建筑工程绿色施工评价指标。提出基于改进的Vague相似汇总法的建筑工程绿色施工评价模型,运用层次分析法对因素权重赋值,根据权重和相应Vague值确定各专家的二级指标Vague值;评价模型对专家权重进行改进,确定专家权重时考虑专家主观权重和专家的评价意见及评价矩阵的一致性;利用二级指标Vague 值和专家权重集结出项目一级指标专家汇总 Vague 值,最后利用Vague集计分函数来确定各指标的重要性,同时根据得分和专家评价意见的集结得出工程绿色施工等级。模型克服了AHP定权的主观性和传统模糊集易损失中间值的不足,最后以实例验证了模型的可行性。%Combined with the famous green building assessment system and the characteristics of building engineering,the index of green construction evaluation is established. The model of the assessment of green construction of building engi-neering based on improved vague similarity aggregation method is put forward,which determines weight of factor indexes by using of the AHP method. The vague value of the two level index of each expert is determined according to the weight of the factor indexes and the corresponding vague value. The weight of expert is improved;Each expert gets his final weight ac-cording to subjective weight,evaluation and the consistency of his judgment matrix;the experts summary vague values of one class index are built up by use of secondary grade index vague value and each expert weight. Finally,the importance of green construction indexes is set up according to the scoring function of vague set;meanwhile,the green construction level is obtained by use of the gathering evaluation opinion of experts and the score. The improved vague similarity aggregation method overcomes the problem which determines weight subjective with AHP and loss of the intermediate

  14. 垂直农业建筑浅析——以绿色收获计划为例%A Brief Analysis of Vertical Agriculture Building:A Case Study of Green Harvest Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘烨; 张玉坤

    2012-01-01

    By introducing "Green Harvest Project" . the winner proposal of "Challenge 2030" competition, this paper defines Vertical Agriculture. Three forms of Vertical Agriculture, including Vertical Farm, Farming Facade and Interior Farming, are respectively analyzed, with Agricultural Building and Green Community as examples. The paper, with discussions of agricultural production of Vertical Agriculture, organic waste and water treatment, and renewable energy capture capability, states that Vertical Agriculture could improve food security and reduce carbon emission.%结合“2030年的挑战”竞赛获奖方案——“绿色收获计划”,解析垂直农业概念.以该方案的农业综合大楼和绿色社区两个设计为例,分别介绍垂直农业三种形式:垂直农场、表皮农业和室内农业,对垂直农业的农业生产功能、有机废水废物处理功能及可再生能源获取功能展开分析,阐明垂直农业对提高食品安全和降低城市碳排放起到的作用.

  15. 浅谈绿色建筑与工程造价管理%Discussion on green building and engineering cost management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊艳瑾

    2012-01-01

      介绍了建筑能耗的概念及各个阶段的工程造价管理,以期为同行提供借鉴。%  This paper introduces the concept of building energy consumption and the various stages of project cost management, in order to provide peer-to learn.

  16. 建筑装饰行业室内绿色施工初探%Indoor Green Construction of Building Decoration Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴俊

    2014-01-01

    近年来,越来越多的消费者已经认识到,室内建筑装饰可能会带来环境污染。一方面,施工过程和材料可能对环境造成负担;另一方面,装修后可能会散发甲醛等污染物,影响消费者居住健康。绿色施工就是基于消费者和环境要求而提出的。本文尝试分析了绿色施工的要求,提出了初步建议。%In recent years, more and more consumers have been recognized, indoor decoration may bring environmental polution. On the one hand, the construction process and mate- rial may be a burden on the environment; on the other hand, the decoration may emit formaldehyde and other polutants, influence living health of consumers. Green construction is put forward based on the consumer and environmental requirem- ents. This paper tries to analyze the green construction require- ments, puts forward some preliminary suggestions.

  17. Greene Machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2004-01-01

    The author of this article profiles the 37-year-old researcher Jay P. Greene and his controversial research studies on education. Most people learn early to trust the things they see first, but Greene adheres to a different creed. People are deceived by their own eyes. He believed that visual betrayal is as evident as it is in how people think…

  18. Metaphysical green

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Earon, Ofri

    2011-01-01

    “Sensation of Green is about the mental process like touching, seeing, hearing, or smelling, resulting from the immediate stimulation of landscape forms, plants, trees, wind and water. Sensation of Green triggers a feeling of scale, cheerfulness, calmness and peace. The spatial performance...... of Sensation of Green is created by a physical interaction between the language of space and the language of nature” The notion of Sensation of Green was developed through a previous study ‘Learning from the Summer House’ investigating the unique architectural characteristics of the Danish summer houses....... The idea of the concept is a mutual participation of nature in architecture meaning that landscape features become tools to design a built space. The paper develops the concept further focusing on the scale of a single residential unit. The paper argues that the concept of Sensation of Green is flexible...

  19. Green lights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Peter Kielberg

    This study investigates the effect of drought on economic activity globally using remote sensing data. In particular, predicted variation in greenness is correlated with changes in the density of artificial light observed at night on a grid of 0.25 degree latitude-longitude pixels. I define drought...... as greenness estimated by lagged variation in monthly rainfall and temperature. This definition of drought performs well in identifying self-reported drought events since 2000 compared with measures of drought that do not take greenness into account, and the subsequent analysis indicates that predicted...... variation in greenness is positively associated with year-on-year changes in luminosity: If a unit of observation experiences a predicted variation in greenness that lies 1 standard deviation below the global mean, on average 1.5 - 2.5 light pixels out of 900 are extinguished that year. Finally, an attempt...

  20. Green consumerism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Groot, Judith I.M.; Schuitema, Geertje; Garson, Carrie Lee

    Our presentation will focus on the influence of product characteristics and values on green consumerism. Although generally a majority of consumers support the idea of purchasing green products, we argue, based on social dilemma theory, that proself product characteristics and egoistic...... and biospheric values influence the importance of such ‘green’ product characteristics on purchasing intentions. In two within-subjects full-factorial experimental studies (N = 100 and N = 107), we found that purchase intentions of products were only steered by green characteristics if prices were low...... and the brand was familiar. Green product characteristics did not influence purchase intentions at all when these proself product characteristics were not fulfilled (i.e., high prices and unfamiliar brands). The importance of proself and green product characteristics on purchasing intentions was also...

  1. Enhancing the Green Purchase Intention Based on Green Marketing: An Empirical Study from Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Rizwan; Shahzad Ubair Ahmad; Najma Mehboob

    2013-01-01

    In recent days, the companies are extensively using technology for the promotion of green marketing. This study aims to explore the factors that affect purchase intention and its build up a conceptual model to inspect the influence of three preceding factors (green perceived value, green perceived risk, and trust) on purchase intention based green marketing. Data is collected from 150 respondents through self-administered questionnaires. The usable questionnaires were entered in the SPSS for ...

  2. The housing development process: green homes in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fazdliel Aswad Ibrahim

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Green building has been adopted and became an accepted norm in the developed countries like USA, UK, Canada and Australia. Despite the good efforts shown by the developed countries on how to build green building, the developing and less developed countries inclusive Malaysia seem lag behind in this aspect. The issue of sustainable approach in building industry in Malaysia is still new and there are a little of housing projects are meeting the criteria of green buildings. The housing developers are exposed to the risk of uncertainty demand from the house buyers if they are interested to develop green homes. This paper discuss the development of concept and design of green homes by using product development process model in the manufacturing and building industry in order to assist the housing developers to reduce the risk associated with this new product such this green homes.

  3. On the Building and Implementation of the Flipped Classroom Teaching Model Suitable for the Secondary Vocational Technical Schools——FLASH boot path animation courses as on example%中职翻转课堂模型构建与实施研究——以FLASH引导路径动画课程为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小红

    2015-01-01

    For today's education"student-centered"teaching philosophy, this paper proposes the flipped classroom teaching mode and makes full use of the advantages of flip classroom to build flipped classroom teaching model suitable for the Secondary vocational technical schools.Taking"FLASH boot path animation course"for example, this paper designs flipped classroom teaching programs based on autonomous learning, detects problems in the implementation process, gradually perfects the flipped classroom, improves the ability of autonomous learning, and truly realize the idea of"my learning on my own terms".%针对当今教育"以学生为中心"的教学理念,本文提出翻转课堂的教学模式,充分利用翻转课堂的优势,构建适合中职的翻转课堂教学模型,以"FLASH引导路径动画"课程为例,设计基于学生自主学习的翻转课堂的教学方案,并在实施过程中及时发现问题,逐步完善翻转课堂,提高学生自主学习的能力,真正做到"我的学习我做主".

  4. Green roofs: potential at LANL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pacheco, Elena M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    Green roofs, roof systems that support vegetation, are rapidly becoming one of the most popular sustainable methods to combat urban environmental problems in North America. An extensive list of literature has been published in the past three decades recording the ecological benefits of green roofs; and now those benefits have been measured in enumerated data as a means to analyze the costs and returns of green roof technology. Most recently several studies have made substantial progress quantifying the monetary savings associated with storm water mitigation, the lessoning of the Urban Heat Island, and reduction of building cooling demands due to the implementation of green roof systems. Like any natural vegetation, a green roof is capable of absorbing the precipitation that falls on it. This capability has shown to significantly decrease the amount of storm water runoff produced by buildings as well as slow the rate at which runoff is dispensed. As a result of this reduction in volume and velocity, storm drains and sewage systems are relieved of any excess stress they might experience in a storm. For many municipalities and private building owners, any increase in storm water mitigation can result in major tax incentives and revenue that does not have to be spent on extra water treatments. Along with absorption of water, vegetation on green roofs is also capable of transpiration, the process by which moisture is evaporated into the air to cool ambient temperatures. This natural process aims to minimize the Urban Heat Island Effect, a phenomenon brought on by the dark and paved surfaces that increases air temperatures in urban cores. As the sun distributes solar radiation over a city's area, dark surfaces such as bitumen rooftops absorb solar rays and their heat. That heat is later released during the evening hours and the ambient temperatures do not cool as they normally would, creating an island of constant heat. Such excessively high temperatures induce heat

  5. Virtual Classroom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ove

    2013-01-01

    In the Scandinavian countries: Sweden, Norway and Denmark, the project GNU (Grænseoverskridende Nordisk Undervisning, i.e. Transnational Nordic Teaching) is experimenting with ways of conducting teaching across the borders in the elementary schools. The cloud classes are organised with one class ...... benefits in regard to learning and pedagogy with virtual classroom....

  6. Classroom Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Carmit

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates the determinants and malleability of noncognitive skills. Using data on boys from the National Education Longitudinal Survey, I focus on youth behavior in the classroom as a measure of noncognitive skills. I find that student behavior during adolescence is persistent. The variation in behavior can be attributed to…

  7. 浅谈绿色建筑材料在墙体保温工程中的应用%Application of Green Building Materials in Wall Insulation Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾涛; 苗方利

    2014-01-01

    The production and business model of housing industry save time and labor, reduce costs, save contraction period. Building materials and products are the basic material elements of housing construction. Housing industry puts forward new demands for new materials and new products from the specification, quality and performance. This paper will research the application of green building materials in wall insulation project.%住宅产业化的生产和经营模式省工省时、降低成本、节约工期。建材和制品是住宅建设基本的物质要素。住宅产业化对新建材和新制品从规格、质量、性能上都将提出新的要求。本文将研究绿色建筑材料在墙体保温工程中的应用。

  8. A Conceptual Framework of Green Certification Impact On Property Price

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Lizawati

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Green building is one of the sustainability dimensions in built environment. The issues of green building and its impact to the society have been increasingly discussed. Green certification is one of the components in measuring sustainable development and plays an important role as an assessment system to an individual building’s performance. The question arises whether the market understand and recognized the green certification. The objectives of this research are to discuss the issue pertaining to green value and the relationship between green certification and property price. The research emphasized on the understanding of property attributes focusing on green certification and the impact to the property price. Among the attributes identified are structural characteristics, location and neighborhood, and time attributes. Thus, this paper will discusses the review of literature on green development and the significance impact on property market in term of price and value. The green building development across the country could be classified as another sector in property markets that give significant impact to the real estate industry. As a result, a conceptual framework in assessing the impact of green certification is suggested to provide a significant input in developing the model of hedonic pricing for green building. This research may contribute to extend the body of knowledge in the area of green development and a suggested significant input will give much emphasize on the new valuation technique in valuing green building properties.

  9. 价值工程在教学楼架空层改造中的运用%Application of Value Engineering in Transformation of Stilts-tier Space of Classroom Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴琪琦

    2012-01-01

    As a management method, the effect of value engineering on improving the return on investment in housing construction projects is remarkable. 'Hie paper expounds detailed process, I.e. Applying Value Engineering to conduct preferred evaluation on two design schemes of transformation of stilts-tier space of classroom building of Zhejiang A & F University, and illustrates how to apply Value Engineering to get the optimal design scheme, so as to make project reach maximization of value within a certain amount of investment.%价值工程作为一种管理方法,对于提高房屋建筑工程项目投资效益效果显著.本文阐述了运用价值工程理论对浙江农林大学教学楼架空层改造的两个设计方案进行优选评价的详细过程,说明如何运用价值工程理论取得最优的设计方案,使项目在一定投资额内达到价值的最大化.

  10. City of Austin: Green habitat learning project. A green builder model home project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-01

    The purpose of the Year 14 UCETF project was to design and construct a residential structure that could serve as a demonstration facility, training site, and testing and monitoring laboratory for issues related to the implementation of sustainable building practices and materials. The Model Home Project builds on the previous and existing efforts, partially funded by the UCETF, of the City of Austin Green Builder Program to incorporate sustainable building practices into mainstream building activities. The Green Builder Program uses the term {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} as a synonym for sustainability. In the research and analysis that was completed for our earlier reports in Years 12 and 13, we characterized specific elements that we associate with sustainability and, thus, green building. In general, we refer to a modified life cycle assessment to ascertain if {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} building options reflect similar positive cyclical patterns found in nature (i.e. recyclability, recycled content, renewable resources, etc.). We additionally consider economic, human health and synergistic ecological impacts associated with our building choices and characterize the best choices as {open_quotes}green.{close_quotes} Our ultimate goal is to identify and use those {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} materials and processes that provide well for us now and do not compromise similar benefits for future generations. The original partnership developed for this project shifted during the year from a project stressing advanced (many prototypical) {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} building materials and techniques in a research and demonstration context, to off-the-shelf but underutilized {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} materials in the practical social context of using {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} technologies for low income housing. That project, discussed in this report, is called the Green Habitat Learning Project.

  11. Stormwater Design for U.S.LEED Green Building Certification%美国绿色建筑认证LEED雨水设计计算探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘国庆; 姜海元; 刘春华; 李育松

    2013-01-01

    U. S. LEED has different rating systems for different buildings. The LEED rating system for new construction, reconstruction and extension projects is suitable for office buildings, high-rise residential buildings and so on. This rating system required to control total stormwater discharge, flow rate and pollutants in runoff. Stormwater design methods in China and U. S. were analyzed. U. S. Storm Water Management Model ( SWMM ) was considered as an applicable design method. A multi-floor research and office building located at Haidian District, Beijing was designed according to LEED standard. Before the development, the project site was cropland. The project used pervious paving and vegetated roofs to minimize runoff quantity, and pond to collect rainwater for reuse and control runoff peak discharge rate and pollution. SWMM was used to predict total stormwater discharge and flow rate. Advice and issues needing attention were given for LEED project.%美国绿色建筑认证LEED对不同建筑有不同的评价体系,其中针对新建、扩建和改建项目的LEED标准适用于办公楼、高层住宅楼等建筑的设计.该评价体系要求雨水设计中控制项目用地雨水的排放总量、流量以及雨水径流中污染物的排放量.通过我国和美国雨水设计计算方法的比较分析,认为SWMM模型更适用于雨水相关计算.位于北京市海淀区的某多层科研办公楼项目按LEED要求进行设计,建设前用地为耕地,项目中采取各种透水铺装以及屋顶绿化等方式减少径流总量,设置雨水塘收集利用雨水、调节径流峰流量以减少污染物排放,并利用SWMM软件进行雨水总量、流量的预测.最后对LEED的应用提出一些建议和需要注意的问题.

  12. Green Nail Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Favorite Name: Category: Share: Yes No, Keep Private Green Nail Syndrome Share | Green nail syndrome (GNS) is an infection of the ... discoloration of nails, also known as chloronychia. The green discoloration varies from blue-green to dark green ...

  13. Behaviorally Green

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sunstein, Cass; Reisch, Lucia A.

    2015-01-01

    or services and alternatives that are potentially damaging to the environment but less expensive? The answer may well depend on the default rule. Indeed, green default rules may be a more effective tool for altering outcomes than large economic incentives. The underlying reasons include the powers...... of suggestion, inertia, and loss aversion. If well-chosen, green defaults are likely to have large effects in reducing the economic and environmental harms associated with various products and activities. Such defaults may or may not be more expensive to consumers. In deciding whether to establish green...... defaults, choice architects should consider consumer welfare and a wide range of other costs and benefits. Sometimes that assessment will argue strongly in favor of green defaults, particularly when both economic and environmental considerations point in their direction. But when choice architects lack...

  14. Automatically Green

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sunstein, Cass R.; Reisch, Lucia

    2014-01-01

    environmentally-friendly products or services and alternatives that are potentially damaging to the environment but less expensive? The answer may well depend on the default rule. Indeed, green default rules may well be a more effective tool for altering outcomes than large economic incentives. The underlying...... reasons include the power of suggestion; inertia and procrastination; and loss aversion. If well-chosen, green defaults are likely to have large effects in reducing the economic and environmental harms associated with various products and activities. Such defaults may or may not be more expensive...... to consumers. In deciding whether to establish green defaults, choice architects should consider both consumer welfare and a wide range of other costs and benefits. Sometimes that assessment will argue strongly in favor of green defaults, particularly when both economic and environmental considerations point...

  15. Automatically Green

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sunstein, Cass R.; Reisch, Lucia

    environmentally-friendly products or services and alternatives that are potentially damaging to the environment but less expensive? The answer may well depend on the default rule. Indeed, green default rules may well be a more effective tool for altering outcomes than large economic incentives. The underlying...... reasons include the power of suggestion; inertia and procrastination; and loss aversion. If well-chosen, green defaults are likely to have large effects in reducing the economic and environmental harms associated with various products and activities. Such defaults may or may not be more expensive...... to consumers. In deciding whether to establish green defaults, choice architects should consider both consumer welfare and a wide range of other costs and benefits. Sometimes that assessment will argue strongly in favor of green defaults, particularly when both economic and environmental considerations point...

  16. Green Coffee

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... can stimulate the body. Some medications used for depression can also stimulate the body. Taking green coffee and taking some medications for depression might cause too much stimulation and serious side ...

  17. Green lasers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole Bjarlin

    2010-01-01

    Well over a dozen papers at this year's Photonics West meeting in San Francisco boasted improvements in harmonic generation to produce visible laser beams, most of them in the green spectral range......Well over a dozen papers at this year's Photonics West meeting in San Francisco boasted improvements in harmonic generation to produce visible laser beams, most of them in the green spectral range...

  18. Green Economics

    OpenAIRE

    David Pearce

    1992-01-01

    Economists assume that people are fundamentally greedy, though not exclusively so. If environmental improvement is to be achieved, it will require policies that use selfishness rather than opposing it. Such policies are to be found in the basics of green economics in which market signals are modified by environmental taxes and tradeable pollution certificates to 'decouple' the economic growth process from its environmental impact. Green economic policies avoid the infringements of human liber...

  19. Building a Twig Phylogeny

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flinn, Kathryn M.

    2015-01-01

    In this classroom activity, students build a phylogeny for woody plant species based on the morphology of their twigs. Using any available twigs, students can practice the process of cladistics to test evolutionary hypotheses for real organisms. They identify homologous characters, determine polarity through outgroup comparison, and construct a…

  20. APPLICATION OF ACTIVE CHILLED BEAM IN GREEN OFFICE BUILDING%主动式冷梁在绿色办公建筑中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张向前; 李洋; 仝征

    2012-01-01

    主动式冷梁是由空调吊顶式诱导器等组成的一种新型空调末端,介绍该技术的工作原理、技术特点、主要技术措施和安装注意事项.北京中关村某科研办公楼应用该技术,满足了环保节能要求.%Active chilled beam is a new air-conditioning terminal composed of ceiling-suspended air-conditioning inductor. Working principle, technical characteristics, main technical measures and installation attentions are introduced for such technique. This technique is used in a scientific research office building in Zhongguancun of Beijing, and requirements for environmental protection and energy saving are well satisfied.

  1. Building with green and glass. Innovations in the horticulture for living and working; Bouwen met groen en glas. Innovaties uit de glastuinbouw voor wonen en werken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergs, J.; Ter Haar, H.; Huisman, S.; Kristinsson, J.; Kruseman, I.; Oei, P.

    2007-07-01

    New technologies and insights from greenhouses, space technology and psychology are used for innovative applications in the building sector. Use is made of daylight, solar heat and vegetation. Architects can thus realize a clean, healthy and comfortable indoor climate in houses, school buildings, offices, health care centers, and also reduce the consumption of energy for cooling and heating. In particular attention is paid to the use of glass. [Dutch] Glastuinbouw, ruimtevaart en psychologie. Drie boeiende vakgebieden die op het eerste gezicht weinig met elkaar te maken hebben. Bouwen met groen en glas bewijst het tegendeel door gebruik te maken van nieuwe technieken en inzichten uit deze vakgebieden. Het concept maakt optimaal gebruik van daglicht, zonnewarmte en de weldaad van groen. Het toont de vele mogelijkheden die architecten met groen en glas kunnen aanboren. Waarom zou een architect dat doen? Omdat Bouwen met groen en glas de kern raakt van een uiterst actueel en tevens tijdloos thema: een schoon, gezond en prettig binnenklimaat in woningen, scholen, kantoren en zorginstellingen, gecombineerd met een substantieel lager energieverbruik voor koelen en verwarmen. Nieuwe technieken uit de glastuinbouw bieden nieuwe oplossingen. Bijvoorbeeld, in de zomer warmte oogsten en opslaan om die in de winter weer aan te boren. Veel glas stimuleert ook de toepassing van groen. Planten zijn meer dan versiering. Ze reinigen de lucht, zorgen voor bevochtiging en bieden mensen aangename omstandigheden om in te leren en te werken. Bouwen met groen en glas pleit dan ook voor gebouwen met een eigen ecosysteem, met planten als integraal onderdeel van het gebouw en de technische installaties.

  2. The Green of Green Functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Challis, Lawrie; Sheard, Fred

    2003-12-01

    In 1828, an English miller from Nottingham published a mathematical essay that generated little response. George Green's analysis, however, has since found applications in areas ranging from classical electrostatics to modern quantum field theory.

  3. Green Team News and Upcoming Events | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    By Melissa Porter, Staff Writer Spring Plant Swap 2013 This past October, you may have seen several members of the Green Team standing in front of Building 549 giving out free plants or offering to take extra plants off your hands—this was the first Green Team Fall Plant Swap.

  4. GREEN ROOFS — A GROWING TREND

    Science.gov (United States)

    One of the most interesting stormwater control systems under evaluation by EPA are “green roofs”. Green roofs are vegetative covers applied to building roofs to slow, or totally absorb, rainfall runoff during storms. While the concept of over-planted roofs is very ancient, the go...

  5. Green Construction Technology in 2010 Edition Ten New Technologies of Buildings%《建筑业10项新技术》(2010版)之绿色施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段恺; 赵文海; 梁红兵; 单彩杰

    2011-01-01

    (2010版)之绿色施工技术包括基坑施工封闭降水技术、施工过程水回收利用技术、预拌砂浆技术、外墙自保温体系和工业废渣及(空心)砌块应用技术、粘贴式外墙外保温隔热系统施工技术和外墙外保温岩棉(矿棉)施工技术、现浇混凝土外墙外保温施工技术、硬泡聚氨酯外墙喷涂保温施工技术、铝合金窗断桥技术、太阳能与建筑一体化应用技术、供热计量技术、建筑外遮阳技术、植生混凝土技术、透水混凝土技术.重点介绍了各技术的应用形式以及要点,实现建筑领域资源节约与节能减排.%The green construction technology in 2010 edition Ten New Technologies of Buildings includes closed dewatering technology for foundation excavation construction, recycling technology for construction water, premixed mortar technology, application technology for self insulation system of exterior wall and industrial waste residue and hollow block, construction technology of sticking-type exterior insulation system and rock wool or mineral wool exterior wall external insulation, construction technology of cast-insitu concrete exterior insulation, construction technology of polyurethane rigid foam exterior spraying insulation, fracturing bridge technology of aluminum window, integration application technology of solar energy and buildings, heat metering technology, external sunshade technology of buildings, planting concrete technology and permeable concrete technology. The application styles and key points for each technology are introduced in detail. Resources and energy saving in building industry are realized.

  6. 推进总量减排达标打造绿色石化企业%Build Green Petrochemical Company by Achieving Emission Target

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔文峰; 王利红; 辛世希

    2015-01-01

    兰州石化将总量减排指标细化分解,制定出2010—2015年总量减排计划,以工程减排、技术减排、管理减排为手段,逐年逐项落实减排措施,推进了总量减排目标的实现。通过核实总量基数,研究减排政策,落实减排方案,细化减排措施,落实工程减排总量核查;开展工程项目完善和技术攻关,强化环保体系建设和过程控制,建立监督考核机制,实现环保设施稳定运行,企业排放达标水平稳步升级。2013年污染物排放强度较2010年降低50%~60%,主要污染物所占兰州市排放比例由2010年的20% 以上降低到3%~9%左右,环境质量大幅改善,清洁化、绿色化、可持续发展能力得到全面提升。%Total emission reduction plan of the company for the years from 2010 to 2015 is worked out through breakdown of total emission reduction target, in a bid to implement engineering, technical and management measures step by step and ifnally achieve the total target. Now the enterprise’s target-achieving capability has steadily improved via measures including verifying total emission base, studying emission reduction policy, perfecting engineering project, tackling technical problems, strengthening environmental protection system and process control, establishing supervision and examination mechanism and realizing stable operation of environmental protection facilities. Its pollutant emission intensity in 2013 is 50 %-60 % lower than that in 2010, and main pollutants proportion in the emission of Lanzhou city is reduced to 3 %-9 % from 20 % in 2010. Thus the environmental quality and the overall clean, green and sustainable development capability has been signiifcantly promoted.

  7. Cats in the classroom: Online learning in hybrid space

    OpenAIRE

    Kazmer, Michelle

    2005-01-01

    Students and professors create a shared on–campus classroom environment through individual and collaborative contributions. Similar contributions go into the design of an online classroom. Online instructors build the learning environment to create a shared learning experience, and designers of course management software reinforce this consistency. Examining the online classroom as "hybrid space" — comprising physical and online space — reveals a more complex reality than a seamless learning ...

  8. Green banking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja Drobnjaković

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available There is an urgent need to march towards “low - carbon economy”. Global challenges of diminishing fossil fuel reserves, climate change, environmental management and finite natural resources serving an expanding world population - these reasons mean that urgent action is required to transition to solutions which minimize environmental impact and are sustainable. We are at the start of the low - carbon revolution and those that have started on their low - carbon journey already are seeing benefits such as new markets and customers, improved economic, social and environmental performance, and reduced bills and risks. Green investment banks offer alternative financial services: green car loans, energy efficiency mortgages, alternative energy venture capital, eco - savings deposits and green credit cards. These items represent innovative financial products.

  9. Partners in Earth System Science: a Field, Laboratory and Classroom Based Professional Development Program for K-12 Teachers Designed to Build Scientific and Pedagogical Understandings of Teaching Climate Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slattery, W.; Lunsford, S.; Diedrick, A.; Crane, C.

    2015-12-01

    The purpose of the Partners in Earth System Science summer and academic year professional development program for Ohio K-12 teachers is to build their understandings of the scientific observations, methods and resources that scientists use when studying past and present climate change. Participants then use these tools to develop inquiry-based activities to teach their K-12 students how the scientific method and data are used to understand the effects of global climate change. The summer portion of the program takes teachers from throughout Ohio to the Duke University Marine Laboratory in Beaufort, North Carolina. There they engage in a physical and biological exploration of the modern and ancient ocean. For example, they collect samples of sediment and test water samples collected from modern coastal environments and connect their findings with evidence of the fauna living in those environments. Then, using observations from the geological record of the Eocene through Pleistocene sediments exposed in eastern North Carolina and inferences from observations made from the modern ocean they seek to answer scientifically testable questions regarding the physical and biological characteristics of the ocean during Cenozoic climate change events. During the academic year participants connect with each other and project faculty online to support the development of inquiry based science activities for their K-12 students. These activities focus on how evidence and observations such as outcrop extent, sediment type and biological assemblages can be used to infer past climates. The activities are taught in participant's classrooms and discussed with other participants in an online discussion space. Assessment of both teachers and K-12 students document significant positive changes in science knowledge, their confidence in being able to do science and a clearer understanding of how oceans are impacted by global climate change.

  10. Stormwater Attenuation by Green Roofs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sims, A.; O'Carroll, D. M.; Robinson, C. E.; Smart, C. C.

    2014-12-01

    Innovative municipal stormwater management technologies are urgently required in urban centers. Inadequate stormwater management can lead to excessive flooding, channel erosion, decreased stream baseflows, and degraded water quality. A major source of urban stormwater is unused roof space. Green roofs can be used as a stormwater management tool to reduce roof generated stormwater and generally improve the quality of runoff. With recent legislation in some North American cities, including Toronto, requiring the installation of green roofs on large buildings, research on the effectiveness of green roofs for stormwater management is important. This study aims to assess the hydrologic response of an extensive sedum green roof in London, Ontario, with emphasis on the response to large precipitation events that stress municipal stormwater infrastructure. A green roof rapidly reaches field capacity during large storm events and can show significantly different behavior before and after field capacity. At field capacity a green roof has no capillary storage left for retention of stormwater, but may still be an effective tool to attenuate peak runoff rates by transport through the green roof substrate. The attenuation of green roofs after field capacity is linked to gravity storage, where gravity storage is the water that is temporarily stored and can drain freely over time after field capacity has been established. Stormwater attenuation of a modular experimental green roof is determined from water balance calculations at 1-minute intervals. Data is used to evaluate green roof attenuation and the impact of field capacity on peak flow rates and gravity storage. In addition, a numerical model is used to simulate event based stormwater attenuation. This model is based off of the Richards equation and supporting theory of multiphase flow through porous media.

  11. Green times

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors, founding members of the ''Green Party'' have in mind to make a very personal contribution to a better understanding of the present political situation which, although it seems to have reached a deadlock, still offers positive chances and prospects. New approaches in policy are mentioned which may help to overcome the present state of resignation of many adolescents and adults. Among other things, they describe themselves setting out for new pathways, the ''Greens'' in Parliament, prospect for the future, opportunities of the ecologically oriented economic policy. Finally, they call upon the reader to think and develop further under the motto ''What we all can do''. (HSCH)

  12. Green networking

    CERN Document Server

    Krief, Francine

    2012-01-01

    This book focuses on green networking, which is an important topic for the scientific community composed of engineers, academics, researchers and industrialists working in the networking field. Reducing the environmental impact of the communications infrastructure has become essential with the ever increasing cost of energy and the need for reducing global CO2 emissions to protect our environment.Recent advances and future directions in green networking are presented in this book, including energy efficient networks (wired networks, wireless networks, mobile networks), adaptive networ

  13. Ordering within Moral Orders to Manage Classroom Trouble

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doherty, Catherine; McGregor, Rowena; Shield, Paul

    2016-01-01

    This paper demonstrates how classroom trouble warranting teacher intervention can stem from transgressions in different layers of the complex moral order regulating classroom interactions. The paper builds from Durkheim's treatment of schooling as the institution responsible for the inculcation of a shared moral order, Bernstein's distinction…

  14. See, Say, Write: A Writing Routine for the Preschool Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copp, Stefanie B.; Cabell, Sonia Q.; Tortorelli, Laura S.

    2016-01-01

    See, Say, Write is an adaptable classroom writing routine that teachers can use across a range of activities in the preschool classroom. This preschool writing routine offers an opportunity for teachers to build on a shared experience through engagement in rich conversation and writing. After a shared experience, teachers will provide a visual…

  15. Not everything green has green

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Last week (March 2009) Slovak government extended the preferential treatment of renewable energy. Companies that will produce electricity from biomass, water, wind, solar and underground thermal springs, have guaranteed that they will receive a decently paid at least the next 15 years. It promises them a new government bill on the promotion of renewable energy. So far, the State guaranteed the purchase of green power for only one year in advance. And because it is more expensive than electricity from coal or uranium, green investment firms feared. Fifteen guarantees give assurance. The government will guarantee only purchase green electricity, but also biomethane to produce heat. So, who wants an ordinary agrarian biogas from waste and adjust to such a gas. Slovak gas industry will have to buy it into its network. Biomethane is not in domestic terms only on paper.

  16. Green pioneers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trueland, Jennifer

    The government has set tough targets for the NHS in England to reduce its carbon footprint. In this article, nurses and managers at Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust explain how a programme of 'greening' initiatives - including a trial of electric cars for community staff - have slashed the trust's CO2 output. PMID:23763098

  17. Green marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Kymlová, Šárka

    2009-01-01

    The thesis acquaints readers with the basic ideas of a new trend in marketing -- green marketing. It points out its particularities, historical evolution and potential application, including warning about common mistakes. The thesis aspires to bring an overview of the topic.

  18. Going Green

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2008-04-18

    This podcast is for a general audience and provides information on how to recycle, re-use, and restore. It also covers the benefits of “Going Green" on the environment, health, and social interaction.  Created: 4/18/2008 by National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH), ATSDR.   Date Released: 5/8/2008.

  19. Modular Building Institute. 2003 Educational Showcase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Michael; Robert, Laurie; Reynolds, Pamela; Ulrey, Bill; Crawford, Doug; Shield, Tom; Soenksen, Steven

    "Commercial Modular Construction Magazine" regularly contains articles where the use of modular schools and classrooms is highlighted. This document contains a selection of those articles, including: (1) "Relocatable Classrooms Come of Age" (Michael Roman); (2) "Systems Building" (Laurie Robert); (3) "Realizing Modular's Merits" (Michael Roman);…

  20. Progress report on Green Deals 2013; Voortgangsrapportage Green Deals 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-11-15

    In the Dutch governmental coalition agreement the Green Deal approach was announced in the autumn of 2010. The focus of the Green Deals is for people and companies to develop sustainable initiatives that contribute to economic growth. The Green Deal approach started with the theme energy, but has been extended with the themes biobased economy, climate, resources, buildings, food, mobility, water and biological diversity. This progress report provides an overview of the deals that this bottom-up approach has yielded. The report also provides information on the progress of the deals and the interim results of the approach and the individual deals. Also attention is paid to how the 146 Green Deals score on innovation and entrepreneurship [Dutch] In het regeerakkoord van het kabinet is in het najaar van 2010 de Green Deal-aanpak aangekondigd. Centraal in de aanpak staat dat mensen en bedrijven zoveel mogelijk ruimte krijgen voor eigen duurzame initiatieven die bijdragen aan economische groei. De aanpak is gestart vanuit het thema energie, maar beslaat inmiddels ook de thema's biobased economy, klimaat, grondstoffen, bouw, voedsel, mobiliteit, water en biodiversiteit. Deze voortgangsrapportage geeft een overzicht van de deals die deze bottom-up aanpak heeft opgeleverd. De rapportage informeert bovendien over de voortgang van de deals en over de tussentijdse resultaten van zowel de aanpak als de afzonderlijke deals. Ook wordt gekeken hoe de 146 Green Deals scoren op innovatief vermogen en ondernemerschap.

  1. Green Low Carbon Building Design -- The Application in Solar Energy in Green and Low-carbon Building Design%绿色低碳建筑设计——太阳能在绿色低碳建筑设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢俊

    2012-01-01

    太阳能储量巨大,分布广泛,清洁安全,结合本设计要求,在此次设计中充分考虑利用太阳能及太阳能光伏发电技术,在屋面、窗户及墙面进行了太阳能应用的初步研究,倡导绿色低碳的建筑设计研究。%solar energy is enormously reserved, widespread, safe and clean.Unifies this design requirements, The full consideration bends down the power technology in this design using the solar energy and the solar energy light, in the roofing, the window and the wall surface have conducted the solar energy application preliminary study, Initiative green low-carbon architectural design research.

  2. Green building concept reflected in HVAC design of China's Scientific Development Concept Exhibition Hall in Taizhou%绿色建筑理念在中国(泰州)科学发展观展示馆暖通空调设计中的体现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄璞洁; 许伊那; 何耀炳; 陈卓伦

    2012-01-01

    以中国(泰州)科学发展观展示馆项目为例,从暖通空调设计师的视角,介绍了《绿色建筑评价标准》在节能与能源利用和室内环境质量方面的各项细则要求.以绿色建筑三星级为目标,结合当地的气候特点,运用了地埋管地源热泵、变频调速、新风热回收、置换通风、多元通风等多项实用的节能技术,探讨了绿色建筑技术在暖通空调系统设计中的应用.%Taking the exhibition hall as an example, from the perspective of an HVAC designer, presents the rules and requirements of the Evaluation standard for green building in the aspects of energy efficiency and energy utilization and indoor environmental quality. Aiming at the highest level—three-star level—of the national green building standard, based on the climate characteristics of Taizhou, Jiangsu Province, adopts several practicable energy efficient techniques, including the ground-source heat pump with ground heat exchanger, variable frequency control, heat recovery of fresh air, displacement-ventilation and hybrid ventilation. Discusses the application of green building techniques in HVAC system design.

  3. Green Demonstrated Analysis on Structure of Our Electric Power Resource

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Jun-bao; YU Jing; CHEN Jin-jing

    2004-01-01

    According to green view and history data, the demonstrated method is applied to analyze the green rationality on the present structure of thermal, hydraulic and nuclear electric power resource; the green trend of large-scale on thermal power generating unit in our history; the distribution of between water and coal resource with the space structure of electric power installed capacity, and recommending the premise, dominance and direction of building our green electric power structure in the future.

  4. Lemon Effect of Green Agricultural Products and its Marketing Strategy

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Xiao-Feng; Jin, Qi-wen; Du, Yang; Zhou, Xiao-Yan; Han, Cai-xin; Li, Meng-Meng

    2010-01-01

    The paper introduces the lemon effect of green agricultural products, analyzes the formation reasons of the lemon effect of green agricultural products and summarizes problems brought by the effect, such as malicious deception and high priced. The paper proposes countermeasures to avoid the lemon effect of green agricultural products from a perspective of marketing. The first is to strengthen the quality supervision of green agricultural products, upgrade the quality of products, and build up...

  5. Green Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Shalini

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Green computing is all about using computers in a smarter and eco-friendly way. It is the environmentally responsible use of computers and related resources which includes the implementation of energy-efficient central processing units, servers and peripherals as well as reduced resource consumption and proper disposal of electronic waste .Computers certainly make up a large part of many people lives and traditionally are extremely damaging to the environment. Manufacturers of computer and its parts have been espousing the green cause to help protect environment from computers and electronic waste in any way.Research continues into key areas such as making the use of computers as energy-efficient as Possible, and designing algorithms and systems for efficiency-related computer technologies.

  6. A REVIEW ON GREEN WALLS TECHNOLOGY, BENEFITS & DESIGN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. F. Shaikh

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A ‘Green Wall’, also commonly referred to as a ‘Vertical Garden’, is a descriptive term that is used to refer to all forms of vegetated wall surfaces. Green wall technologies may be divided into two major categories: Green Facades and Living Walls. There are significant benefits to both the public and private sectors resulting from the successful use of green walls. This is a review paper on green walls technology. Green walls have a great potential for positive environmental change in dense urban areas, particularly given the large surface areas on buildings that are available for retrofitting to these technologies.

  7. Greening Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sihombing, Samuel

    2014-01-01

    For hundreds years, most of farmers in Indonesia have their own system of farming and they were so closed to the nature. Even farmers co-exist with nature by mutual need. The natural farming principal is done by a very stick ritual religious in every moment of their life. Farming is a part of faith. Unfortunately, this natural farming principal dramatically decreasead and even disappeared with the appereance of the green revolution policy which supported by the regime of Government.

  8. Green Gold

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main purpose of this work is to offer a general panoramic of the processes or experiences pilot that are carried out in the Project Green Gold, as strategy of environmental sustainability and organizational invigoration in Choco, especially in the 12 communities of the municipalities of Tado and Condoto. It is also sought to offer a minimum of information on the techniques of handmade production and to show the possibilities to carry out in a rational way the use and use of the natural resources. The Project Green Gold is carried out by the Corporation Green Gold (COV) and co-financed with resources of international and national character, the intervention of the financial resources it achievement mainly for the use of clean processes in the extraction stages and metals benefit. The project is centered primarily in the absence of use of products or toxic substances as the mercury, fair trade, organizational invigoration, execution of 11 approaches and certification of the metals Gold and Platinum. The COV, it has come executing the proposal from the year 2001 with the premise of contributing to the balance between the rational exploitation of the natural resources and the conservation of the environment in the Choco. In the project they are used technical handmade characteristic of the region framed inside the mining activity and production activities are diversified in the productive family units. Those producing with the support of entities of juridical character, specify the necessary game rules for the extraction and products commercialization

  9. DEMAND CONTROLLED VENTILATION AND CLASSROOM VENTILATION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisk, William J.; Mendell, Mark J.; Davies, Molly; Eliseeva, Ekaterina; Faulkner, David; Hong, Tienzen; Sullivan, Douglas P.

    2014-01-06

    This document summarizes a research effort on demand controlled ventilation and classroom ventilation. The research on demand controlled ventilation included field studies and building energy modeling. Major findings included: ? The single-location carbon dioxide sensors widely used for demand controlled ventilation frequently have large errors and will fail to effectively control ventilation rates (VRs).? Multi-location carbon dioxide measurement systems with more expensive sensors connected to multi-location sampling systems may measure carbon dioxide more accurately.? Currently-available optical people counting systems work well much of the time but have large counting errors in some situations. ? In meeting rooms, measurements of carbon dioxide at return-air grilles appear to be a better choice than wall-mounted sensors.? In California, demand controlled ventilation in general office spaces is projected to save significant energy and be cost effective only if typical VRs without demand controlled ventilation are very high relative to VRs in codes. Based on the research, several recommendations were developed for demand controlled ventilation specifications in the California Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards.The research on classroom ventilation collected data over two years on California elementary school classrooms to investigate associations between VRs and student illness absence (IA). Major findings included: ? Median classroom VRs in all studied climate zones were below the California guideline, and 40percent lower in portable than permanent buildings.? Overall, one additional L/s per person of VR was associated with 1.6percent less IA. ? Increasing average VRs in California K-12 classrooms from the current average to the required level is estimated to decrease IA by 3.4percent, increasing State attendance-based funding to school districts by $33M, with $6.2 M in increased energy costs. Further VR increases would provide additional benefits

  10. Building Simple Hidden Markov Models. Classroom Notes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ching, Wai-Ki; Ng, Michael K.

    2004-01-01

    Hidden Markov models (HMMs) are widely used in bioinformatics, speech recognition and many other areas. This note presents HMMs via the framework of classical Markov chain models. A simple example is given to illustrate the model. An estimation method for the transition probabilities of the hidden states is also discussed.

  11. Building Parent-Teacher Partnerships. Classroom Tips

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2010

    2010-01-01

    Good two-way communication between families and schools is necessary for students' success. Not surprisingly, research shows that the more parents and teachers share relevant information with each other about a student, the better equipped both will be to help that student achieve academically. Opportunities for two-way communication include: (1)…

  12. Build a Positive Classroom Environment: Avoid Competition!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Self, Nancy S.

    2009-01-01

    Elementary teachers often instigate competition among their students through such common statements as: "Students who make 100 on the spelling test may have 10 minutes of extra center time" and "The most creatively written story this week will be placed on the bulletin board." While such pronouncements motivate some students into action, they…

  13. Transformers: Movement Experiences for Early Childhood Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vagovic, Julia

    2008-01-01

    Transformers are simple movement experiences for the classroom that engage the mind and body, focus energy, and help children transition to the next activity. Teachers can use them throughout the day, every day. The author explains the basic movements and suggests ways to build on them. They range from deep breathing to gentle wake-up movements to…

  14. Promoting Civil Discourse in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birnie, Billie F.

    2016-01-01

    Teachers are responsible for what happens in their classrooms, and promoting civil discourse should be among their top priorities. Not only should they model civil speech and behavior, but they also should establish clear boundaries for students, create a climate that nourishes courteous exchange, and help students build vocabularies that enable…

  15. A Comparison of the Green Building’s Criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahaudin A.Y.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Designers and clients alike are now emphasising on how to make their buildings green. Currently a lot of green councils worldwide are dealing with innovative ways to implement energy efficient new buildings. They have adopted various criteria and rating systems in an endeavour to classify buildings that contribute to environment sustainability, efficiency and users health. The aim of the paper is to present an overview of the criteria adopted by selected green building councils. This paper discusses five of the rating systems available in terms of their similarities and differences and proposes a new framework based on the project life cycle for the development of the green building criteria. Criteria during the construction phase of the building is certainly lacking such as pollution control in terms of CO2 emission, dust, and other pollutants.

  16. From green architecture to architectural green

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Earon, Ofri

    2011-01-01

    The paper investigates the topic of green architecture from an architectural point of view and not an energy point of view. The purpose of the paper is to establish a debate about the architectural language and spatial characteristics of green architecture. In this light, green becomes an adjective...... that describes the architectural exclusivity of this particular architecture genre. The adjective green expresses architectural qualities differentiating green architecture from none-green architecture. Currently, adding trees and vegetation to the building’s facade is the main architectural characteristics...... of green architecture. The paper argues that this greenification of facades is insufficient. The green is only a skin cladding the exterior envelope without having a spatial significance. Through the paper it is proposed to flip the order of words from green architecture to architectural green...

  17. Project Management Plan/Progress Report UT/GTKS Training Program Development for Commercial Building Operators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2013-03-31

    Universidad del Turabo (UT), in a collaborative effort with Global Turn Key Services, Inc. (GTKS), proposed to develop a training program and a commercialization plan for the development of Commercial Building Operators (CBOs). The CBOs will operate energy efficient buildings to help maintain existing buildings up to their optimal energy performance level, and ensure that net-zero-energy buildings continuously operate at design specifications, thus helping achieve progress towards meeting BTP Strategic Goals of creating technologies and design approaches that enable net-zero-energy buildings at low incremental costs by 2025. The proposed objectives were then: (1) Develop a Commercial Building Operator (CBO) training program and accreditation that will in turn provide a certification to participants recognized by Accreditation Boards such as the North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (NABCEP) and Leadership in Energy & Environmental Designs (LEED). (2) Develop and implement a commercialization and sustainability plan that details marketing, deployment, financial characterization, job placement, and other goals required for long-term sustainability of the project after the funding period. (3) After program development and deployment, provide potential candidates with the knowledge and skill sets to obtain employment in the commercial building green energy (net-zero-energy building) job market. The developed CBO training program will focus on providing skills for participants, such as displaced and unemployed workers, to enter the commercial building green energy (net-zeroenergy building) job market. This course was designed to allow a participant with minimal to no experience in commercial building green technology to obtain the required skill sets to enter the job market in as little as 12 weeks of intensive multi-faceted learning. After completion of the course, the CBO staff concluded the participant will meet minimum established accreditation

  18. Building Sense of Community at a Distance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfred P. Rovai

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available This article challenges the belief that strong sense of community is limited to the traditional classroom and proposes that the virtual classroom has the potential of building and sustaining sense of community at levels that are comparable to the traditional classroom. Drawing on research literature, the concept of learning community is applied to the virtual classroom by taking on the issue of how best to design and conduct an online course that fosters community among learners who are physically separated from each other. Course design principles are described that facilitate dialogue and decrease psychological distance, thereby increasing a sense of community among learners.

  19. Building a Business Case for Going Green

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Bill; Maldeis, Neil

    2011-01-01

    Community college enrollments usually rise during tough economic times and the recent recession and slow recovery are no exception. According to the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC), the number of students attending community colleges has grown dramatically in the last decade to about 12.4 million last fall. The AACC says that 1.4…

  20. GREEN WALLS RISING WITH THE BUILDING

    OpenAIRE

    oğuz, zeynep

    2011-01-01

    One of the rapidly developing social and physical processes in the 21st century is urbanization. One of the most negative consequences of the development is the destruction and even vanishing of the natural equilibrium. The solution of the increasing environmental problems worldwide caused improvement of eco-friendly applications. Landscape architecture and architecture developed vertical-live gardens with a quite simple, aesthetic and ecological concept to find solutions to the increa...

  1. Nagele, a green building without a roof

    OpenAIRE

    Abad Monllor, Enrique

    2014-01-01

    The paper shows the design process of Nagele, a Dutch modernist agrarian settlement designed during the Post-Second World War period by the internationally recognized group of architects De 8 en Opbouw: Rietveld, Van Eesteren, Merkelbach, van Eyck, Bakema, Stam, Ruys, etc. It is located in the Noordoostpolder (NOP), in the Flevoland province, which was entirely reclaimed from the sea. The country planning of the Noodoostpolder reveals a high rationalization in the disposal of roads, canals, ...

  2. Green shopping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, John

    2011-01-01

    Findings suggesting that consumers buy “green” products, such as organic foods, for selfish reasons are usually accepted at face value. In this article, the author argues that the evidence backing this claim is questionable and that it reflects post hoc rationalizations and self-presentation biases......’s beliefs about intangible private benefits in a way that justifies (bolsters) one’s purchasing decision. A survey study among a representative sample of approximately 4,000 respondents from four European countries (Denmark, Germany, United Kingdom, and Italy) confirmed that this is exactly what “green...

  3. Seeing Green: Speculative Urbanism in the Green Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Knuth, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    As the twenty-first century begins, climate change has become an urban problem. Global urban networks and institutions such as the World Bank point to cities' energy demand and major greenhouse gas emissions share. Simultaneously, they frame cities as a critical source of environmental solutions, through green building, energy efficiency retrofitting, "smart" infrastructure, and other transformations of twentieth century urban geography. And critically, they argue that innovative cities can m...

  4. GREEN TEA FESTIVAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ What is the green tea? The green tea belongs to the type of non-fermenting tea, with a quality feature of "clear tea infusion with green leaves"; this type of tea has the biggest output in China, and the basic processing procedure of the green tea is divided into three steps: heating, rubbing and drying. According to the different processing technologies, the green tea is divided into fried green tea, baked green tea, steamed green tea and dried green tea. The steamed green tea is to heat the tea by steaming; to heat the tea by pan-frying can be divided into frying, baking and drying, which is called heating by frying, heating by baking and heating by drying. West LakeLongjing, Xinyang Maojian, Bi Luochun, and Sanbeixiang belong to fried green tea; Mount Huang Maofeng, Youjiyuluo, and Luhai pekoe belong to baked green tea;Enshiyulu belongs to steamed green tea.

  5. Green shipping management

    CERN Document Server

    Lun, Y H Venus; Wong, Christina W Y; Cheng, T C E

    2016-01-01

    This book presents theory-driven discussion on the link between implementing green shipping practices (GSP) and shipping firm performance. It examines the shipping industry’s challenge of supporting economic growth while enhancing environmental performance. Consisting of nine chapters, the book covers topics such as the conceptualization of green shipping practices (GSPs), measurement scales for evaluating GSP implementation, greening capability, greening and performance relativity (GPR), green management practice, green shipping network, greening capacity, and greening propensity. In view of the increasing quest for environment protection in the shipping sector, this book provides a good reference for firms to understand and evaluate their capability in carrying out green operations on their shipping activities.

  6. Green chemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A grand challenge facing government, industry, and academia in the relationship of our technological society to the environment is reinventing the use of materials. To address this challenge, collaboration from an interdisciplinary group of stakeholders will be necessary. Traditionally, the approach to risk management of materials and chemicals has been through inerventions intended to reduce exposure to materials that are hazardous to health and the environment. In 1990, the Pollution Prevention Act encouraged a new tact-elimination of hazards at the source. An emerging approach to this grand challenge seeks to embed the diverse set of environmental perspectives and interests in the everyday practice of the people most responsible for using and creating new materials--chemists. The approach, which has come to be known as Green Chemistry, intends to eliminate intrinsic hazard itself, rather than focusing on reducing risk by minimizing exposure. This chapter addresses the representation of downstream environmental stakeholder interests in the upstream everyday practice that is reinventing chemistry and its material inputs, products, and waste as described in the '12 Principles of Green Chemistry'

  7. Green chemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The depletion of world fossil fuel reserves and the involvement of greenhouse gases in the global warming has led to change the industrial and energy policies of most developed countries. The goal is now to reserve petroleum to the uses where it cannot be substituted, to implement renewable raw materials obtained from plants cultivation, and to consider the biodegradability of molecules and of manufactured objects by integrating the lifetime concept in their expected cycle of use. The green chemistry includes the design, development and elaboration of chemical products and processes with the aim of reducing or eliminating the use and generation of harmful compounds for the health and the environment, by adapting the present day operation modes of the chemical industry to the larger framework of the sustainable development. In addition to biofuels, this book reviews the applications of green chemistry in the different industrial processes in concern. Part 1 presents the diversity of the molecules coming from renewable carbon, in particular lignocellulose and the biotechnological processes. Part 2 is devoted to materials and treats of the overall available technological solutions. Part 3 focusses on functional molecules and chemical intermediates, in particular in sugar- and fats-chemistry. Part 4 treats of biofuels under the aspects of their production and use in today's technologies. The last part deals with the global approaches at the environmental and agricultural levels. (J.S.)

  8. Green Manufacturing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patten, John

    2013-12-31

    Green Manufacturing Initiative (GMI): The initiative provides a conduit between the university and industry to facilitate cooperative research programs of mutual interest to support green (sustainable) goals and efforts. In addition to the operational savings that greener practices can bring, emerging market demands and governmental regulations are making the move to sustainable manufacturing a necessity for success. The funding supports collaborative activities among universities such as the University of Michigan, Michigan State University and Purdue University and among 40 companies to enhance economic and workforce development and provide the potential of technology transfer. WMU participants in the GMI activities included 20 faculty, over 25 students and many staff from across the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences; the College of Arts and Sciences' departments of Chemistry, Physics, Biology and Geology; the College of Business; the Environmental Research Institute; and the Environmental Studies Program. Many outside organizations also contribute to the GMI's success, including Southwest Michigan First; The Right Place of Grand Rapids, MI; Michigan Department of Environmental Quality; the Michigan Department of Energy, Labor and Economic Growth; and the Michigan Manufacturers Technical Center.

  9. 创新城乡生态规划与绿色建筑理论研究与技术实践——清华大学城乡生态规划与绿色建筑教育部重点实验室实践%Innovative Theory Studies and Technical Practices in Urban-Rural Eco Planning and Green Building by the Key Laboratory of Urban-Rural Eco Planning & Green Building, Ministry of Education, Tsinghua University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹稚; 林波荣

    2011-01-01

    在我国快速城镇化可持续发展及改善人居环境建设大背景下,如何加快发展我国城乡生态规划和绿色建筑理论及技术,成为重要的需求。本文介绍了清华大学为此成立的城乡生态规划和绿色建筑教育部重点实验室基于上述需求在五个方面开展了全面的理论和技术研究的建设情况,过去三年的部分研究成果,以及未来发展的思路。%In order to meet the demand of the rapid urbanisation and to improve the environment in China’s human-settlements, the Key Laboratory of Urban-Rural Eco Planning Green Building, Ministry of Education, Tsinghua University was founded to study the innovative theory and practices for urban-rural eco planning and green building. The research aspects, practices, achievements in past three years and the future development directions of the key laboratory are introduced and discussed.

  10. Green commercial property development in urban South Africa: emerging trends, emerging geographies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogerson Jayne M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Within sub-Saharan Africa South Africa is one of the leaders in greening and initiatives for sustainable urban development. Notwithstanding the central role of climate change impacts and of the green challenge for the future, the greening of urban development has not been a major focus in local geographical research. The task in this paper is to investigate one aspect of reorienting the economy towards a pathway of low carbon growth and of addressing the green urban challenge. Specifically, issues around the greening of commercial property developments in South Africa are explored. Under the ratings of the Green Building Council of South Africa 50 green buildings existed by early 2014. Geographically these properties cluster in South Africa’s major cities, in particular Johannesburg, the country’s economic powerhouse and centre for corporate headquarters, and Pretoria, the administrative capital. New proposals for building retrofitting may result in a greater spatial spread of green buildings in the near future.

  11. COST EFFECTIVENESS TO RESIDENTIAL BUILDING USING GREEN BUILDING APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.PaulMakesh

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study deals with developing a technique to replace the conventional solid concrete slab with hollow terracotta block slab. The objectives include development of an eco-friendly concrete slab with partial replacement of cement with fly ash and natural sand with quarry dust. The first task identified in this study deals with placing of terracotta hollow blocks below the neutral axis of the solid slab concrete portion towards reducing the volume of concrete (about 50 %, since the volume of concrete below the neutral axis isineffective, contributing nothing to the bending strength of the slab. The second task deals with the partial replacement of cement with fly ash, quarry dust and 6 mm chips above the neutral axis of the concrete slab. This paper presents the feasibility of the usage of by product materials like fly ash, quarry dust and 6 mm chips andto study the economic viability of the material and found that the cost has been lowered. From the above methodology it is possible to reduce the CO2 emission in atmosphere towards eco friendly construction technique. The use of fly ash in concrete contributes the reduction of greenhouse emissions with negative impacts on the economy. Tests were conducted on cubes and beams to study the strength of concrete for various combinations of fly ash and quarry dust.

  12. COST EFFECTIVENESS TO RESIDENTIAL BUILDING USING GREEN BUILDING APPROACH

    OpenAIRE

    A.PaulMakesh; S.MosesAranganathan; S.SeileyshSivaraja

    2011-01-01

    The present study deals with developing a technique to replace the conventional solid concrete slab with hollow terracotta block slab. The objectives include development of an eco-friendly concrete slab with partial replacement of cement with fly ash and natural sand with quarry dust. The first task identified in this study deals with placing of terracotta hollow blocks below the neutral axis of the solid slab concrete portion towards reducing the volume of concrete (about 50 %), since the vo...

  13. Creating Respectful Classroom Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Regina; Pedro, Joan

    2006-01-01

    Respect is a critical variable in education. It is critical to each individual child in the classroom environment as well as to the teaching and learning that takes place in the classroom. Children learn by example. Where do they get their examples? This article explores the parameters of teaching and encouraging respect in classrooms for young…

  14. Extensive Green Roof Ecological Benefits in Latvia

    OpenAIRE

    Rušenieks, Rihards; Kamenders, Agris

    2013-01-01

    Extensive green roof ecological benefits are studiedin this paper. The research contains a brief explanation aboutgreen roof technology and green roof ecological benefits. Greenroof capability to retain rainwater runoff by accumulating it instorage layers and conducting it back into the atmospherethrough evapotranspiration is studied and modeled. Modeling isdone in Stormwater Management Model 5.0 software. The modelis based on an existing warehouse-type building located in Rigaand hourly Riga...

  15. The Feasibility of Installing and Monitoring an Extensive Green Roof at Purdue University

    OpenAIRE

    Rogers, Kristin; Thurner, Kensey; Preisendanz, Heather; Davis, Amélie Y; Colony, Hollie; Schuster, Dan; Nies, Larry; Wilson, Kim

    2007-01-01

    The Boiler Green Initiative (BGI) is a student-run organization working to improve environmental sustainability at the Purdue University West Lafayette campus. A main goal of BGI's is to install a green roof on an existing building on campus that is being replaced. We discuss the benefits of green roofs, the feasibility of having one installed on the Armory's roof and the various monitoring options we have researched. Flat roofs are especially amenable to the green roof system, so a building ...

  16. Why Do Companies Rent Green? Real Property and Corporate Social Responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; John M. Quigley

    2010-01-01

    This paper provides the first systematic analysis of the choice by organizations to occupy green office space. We develop a framework of ecological responsiveness, and we formulate five propositions to explain why specific firms and industries may be more likely to lease green space. We test these propositions by analyzing the decisions of more than 11,000 tenants to choose office space in green buildings or in otherwise comparable non-green buildings located nearby. We find that corpora...

  17. Green Phosphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Vijay; Chakradhar, R. P. S.; Rao, J. L.; Dhoble, S. J.; Kim, S. H.

    2014-11-01

    Manganese-doped LaMgAl11O19 powder has been prepared by an easy combustion method. Powder x-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy have been used to characterize the as-prepared phosphor. The electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrum of LaMgAl11O19:Mn2+ phosphor exhibits six-line hyperfine structure centered at g ≈ 1.973. The number of spins participating in resonance ( N) and the paramagnetic susceptibility ( χ) for the resonance signal at g ≈ 1.973 have been calculated as a function of temperature. The photoluminescence spectrum exhibits green emission at 516 nm, which is attributed to 4T1 → 6A1 transition of Mn2+ ions. From EPR and luminescence studies, it is observed that Mn2+ ions occupy Mg2+ sites and Mn2+ ions are located at tetrahedral sites in the prepared phosphors.

  18. GRID[subscript C] Renewable Energy Data Streaming into Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLuca, V. William; Carpenter, Pam; Lari, Nasim

    2010-01-01

    For years, researchers have shown the value of using real-world data to enhance instruction in mathematics, science, and social studies. In an effort to help develop students' higher-order thinking skills in a data-rich learning environment, Green Research for Incorporating Data in the Classroom (GRID[subscript C]), a National Science…

  19. Roof greening construction development in the future-On the development of building roof greening in Jiaxing suggestions%建筑屋顶绿化发展的未来--关于嘉兴市发展建筑屋顶绿化的建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈栋栋; 阮雪琴; 叶苏淼; 吴翌丹; 周宏杰

    2015-01-01

    The vigorous development of roof greening in Jiaxing wil give Jiaxing wil bring a new ecological city appearance. Describes the origin of roof greening, il ustrates the function of roof greening, roof greening were investigated and fine grass seed, the defects of the roof greening in Jia xing are studied, and some suggestions were put forward.%嘉兴屋顶绿化的蓬勃发展必定给嘉兴将带来一个全新的生态城市面貌。概括了屋顶绿化的起源,阐述了屋顶绿化的功能,进行了优良屋顶绿化草种的调查,对当前嘉兴屋顶绿化存在的不足进行了研究,并提出了建议。

  20. The Basic Performance and Development Trend of Recycled Concrete as Green Building Materials%再生混凝土作为绿色建筑材料的基本性能与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲娟; 江昔平

    2014-01-01

    目前,我国基本建设速度不断加快,建筑面积不断扩大。然而,伴随着建筑物的新建、改造、拆除、重建,混凝土材料用量巨大,不仅造成了资源和能源的大量消耗,同时还造成了环境污染,直接影响人类的生产生活和可持续发展。再生混凝土作为一种绿色建筑材料,不仅可以从源头解决废弃混凝土的处理问题,同时节约了天然骨料资源,缓解了供需矛盾,极大地满足了可持续发展要求,具有显著的社会效益、经济效益和环保效益。本文通过对再生混凝土的基本性能的表述,阐明了其工程应用的可行性,并通过大量阅读、调查、整理关于再生混凝土的资料,进一步找出了再生混凝土的发展趋势,为后续研究提供理论保障。%At-present,-the-basic-construction-speed-of-our-country-accelerate-constantly,-the-construction-area-expands-un-ceasingly.-However,-along-with-the-new---built,-renovation,-demolition-and-reconstruction-of-the-buildings,-the-consumption-of-concrete-material-is-great,-which-not-only-brought-out-a-large-number-of-resources-and-energy-consumption,-but-also-caused-environment-pollution,-affected-human-life-and-sustainable-de-velopment-directly.-The-recycled-concrete-as-a-kind-of-green-building-materials,-on-the-one-hand,-can-solve-the-processing-problem-of-waste-concrete-from-the-source,-and-save-the-natural-aggregate-resources-at-the-same-time,-which-can-relieve-the-con-tradiction-between-supply-and-demand,-meet-the-requirement-of-the-sustainable-development-enormously,-and-would-have-signifi-cant-social-benefit,-economic-benefit-and-environmental-benefit.-This-paper-elaborated-the-basic-properties-of-the-recycled-con-crete,-illustrated-the-feasibility-of-its-engineering-application,-and-found-out-the-trend-of-the-recycled-concrete-through-reading, investigating-and-sorting-great-mass-of-recycled-concrete-data,-which-would-provide-theoretical-guarantee-for-further-research.

  1. Central Region Green Infrastructure

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This Green Infrastructure data is comprised of 3 similar ecological corridor data layers ? Metro Conservation Corridors, green infrastructure analysis in counties...

  2. Towards Sustainable Building: Case Study on Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Marinoiu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to analyze the actual situation of the green buildings in our country but also the degree in which the real estate developers are involved in such projects. The study was conducted by combining a wide variety of sources, such as regulations, position papers, as well as articles and research reports. The results of the research show that the market for green buildings in Romania is at an early stage of development however, there are prerequisites for its development. In the future, green building will become the standard in the construction industry.

  3. The Determinants of Green Radical and Incremental Innovation Performance: Green Shared Vision, Green Absorptive Capacity, and Green Organizational Ambidexterity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Shan Chen

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This study proposes a new concept, green organisational ambidexterity, that integrates green exploration learning and green exploitation learning simultaneously. Besides, this study argues that the antecedents of green organisational ambidexterity are green shared vision and green absorptive capacity and its consequents are green radical innovation performance and green incremental innovation performance. The results demonstrate that green exploration learning partially mediates the positive relationships between green radical innovation performance and its two antecedents—green shared vision and green absorptive capacity. In addition, this study indicates that green exploitation learning partially mediates the positive relationships between green incremental innovation performance and its two antecedents—green shared vision and green absorptive capacity. Hence, firms have to increase their green shared vision, green absorptive capacity, and green organisational ambidexterity to raise their green radical innovation performance and green incremental innovation performance.

  4. Evaluation of green roof as green technology for urban stormwater quantity and quality controls

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Promoting green design, construction, reconstruction and operation of buildings has never been more critical than now due to the ever increasing greenhouse gas emissions and rapid urbanizations that are fuelling climate change more quickly. Driven by environmental needs, Green Building Index (GBI) was founded in Malaysia to drive initiative to lead the property industry towards becoming more environment-friendly. Green roof system is one of the assessment criteria of this rating system which is under category of sustainable site planning and management. An extensive green roof was constructed in Humid Tropics Center (HTC) Kuala Lumpur as one of the components for Stormwater Management Ecohydrology (SME) in order to obtain scientific data of the system. This paper evaluates the performance of extensive green roof at Humid Tropics Center with respect to urban heat island mitigation and stormwater quantity and quality controls. Findings indicate that there was a reduction of around 1.5°C for indoor temperature of the building after installation of green roof. Simulations showed that the peak discharge was reduced up to 24% relative to impervious brown roof. The results show an increment of pH and high concentration of phosphate for the runoff generated from the green roof and the runoff water quality ranged between class I and II under INWQS.

  5. Evaluation of green roof as green technology for urban stormwater quantity and quality controls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kok, K. H.; Sidek, L. M.; Abidin, M. R. Z.; Basri, H.; Muda, Z. C.; Beddu, S.

    2013-06-01

    Promoting green design, construction, reconstruction and operation of buildings has never been more critical than now due to the ever increasing greenhouse gas emissions and rapid urbanizations that are fuelling climate change more quickly. Driven by environmental needs, Green Building Index (GBI) was founded in Malaysia to drive initiative to lead the property industry towards becoming more environment-friendly. Green roof system is one of the assessment criteria of this rating system which is under category of sustainable site planning and management. An extensive green roof was constructed in Humid Tropics Center (HTC) Kuala Lumpur as one of the components for Stormwater Management Ecohydrology (SME) in order to obtain scientific data of the system. This paper evaluates the performance of extensive green roof at Humid Tropics Center with respect to urban heat island mitigation and stormwater quantity and quality controls. Findings indicate that there was a reduction of around 1.5°C for indoor temperature of the building after installation of green roof. Simulations showed that the peak discharge was reduced up to 24% relative to impervious brown roof. The results show an increment of pH and high concentration of phosphate for the runoff generated from the green roof and the runoff water quality ranged between class I and II under INWQS.

  6. 'Buildings in Use' Study. Functional Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wisconsin Univ., Milwaukee. School of Architecture and Urban Planning.

    The third report of the 'Buildings in Use' study specifically addresses those aspects of a building that directly support user activity. These are areas of 'activity support' exclusive of furniture that include studies of specialized areas and functions within the school as well as storage, classroom display, window usage, and some activity…

  7. No sustainable green policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The explosive growth of the market for green electricity in the Netherlands and the tenability of the ecotax were hot news in the previous weeks. Attention is paid to the notion of green electricity and a change of the value of green certificates. Both factors resulted in a price for green electricity which is lower than the price for grey electricity

  8. Green roofs provide habitat for urban bats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.L. Parkins

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Understanding bat use of human-altered habitat is critical for developing effective conservation plans for this ecologically important taxon. Green roofs, building rooftops covered in growing medium and vegetation, are increasingly important conservation tools that make use of underutilized space to provide breeding and foraging grounds for urban wildlife. Green roofs are especially important in highly urbanized areas such as New York City (NYC, which has more rooftops (34% than green space (13%. To date, no studies have examined the extent to which North American bats utilize urban green roofs. To investigate the role of green roofs in supporting urban bats, we monitored bat activity using ultrasonic recorders on four green and four conventional roofs located in highly developed areas of NYC, which were paired to control for location, height, and local variability in surrounding habitat and species diversity. We then identified bat vocalizations on these recordings to the species level. We documented the presence of five of nine possible bat species over both roof types: Lasiurus borealis, L. cinereus, L. noctivagans, P. subflavus,andE. fuscus. Of the bat calls that could be identified to the species level, 66% were from L. borealis. Overall levels of bat activity were higher over green roofs than over conventional roofs. This study provides evidence that, in addition to well documented ecosystem benefits, urban green roofs contribute to urban habitat availability for several North American bat species.

  9. Contribution of promoting the green residence assessment scheme to energy saving

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green residence development has been one of the important strategies for promoting sustainable urban development. Governments throughout the world have been encouraging property developers to deliver green properties. In line with this development, governments have been implementing various assessment programs to certify green residential buildings with the aim of contributing to sustainable urban development. With reference to the Chinese construction practice, this paper examines the effectiveness of the green residence assessment scheme toward its defined aim through investigating the contents and procedures of the green residence assessment scheme by referring to the practices of Chongqing city in western China. Based on the results of five case studies and five semi-structured interviews, this study reveals the significant contribution from implementing the green residence assessment scheme particularly to energy saving in residential buildings. Further, the green residence assessment scheme promotes the application of green building materials and green construction technologies in the entire process of delivering and operating residential buildings. The findings provide valuable references for further investigating alternative methods to achieve better energy saving in developing residential buildings. - Highlights: ► Energy saving in residence development is important for sustainable urban development. ► Green residence assessment scheme contributes significantly to energy saving in residences. ► Green residence assessment promotes application of environmentally friendly building materials and technologies

  10. Evaluating performance of a Bluetooth-based classroom tool

    OpenAIRE

    Davidrajuh, Reggie

    2009-01-01

    This paper focuses on the performance evaluation of a Bluetooth wireless technology based classroom tool. The classroom tool is to help lecturers automate their assignment tests. First, a testing prototype of the tool is presented; the testing prototype uses one master device and two slave devices on Pico-net. As it will be expensive to build prototype for a large class, simulation study is done to evaluate performance of the tool for large classes. The simulation study reveals ...

  11. Baijing Ready for Green Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Beijing will soon become the focus of attention in the world for hosting the 2008 Olympic Games that is scheduled to open in early August. From design and construction to operation, the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad (BOCGO) has stipulated that all buildings be in accordance with the "Green Olympics" philosophy, focusing on energy-saving buildings, ecological preservation, sustainable use of resources and use of environmentally friendly construction materials.

  12. Future oriented and more sustainable green roofs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Appl, R.; Ansel, W. [Deutscher Dachgartnerverband, Nuertingen (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    The contribution that green roofs make to sustainable urban Development were discussed with reference to the support that the industry has received in Germany. The German Roof Gardener Association (DDV) was established in the 1990s with an objective to replace the billions of square feet of bare or gravel flat roof surface area in Germany with ecological green roofs. The DDV created guidelines for the systems and components being used in green roof constructions, starting from the raw material to the production and transport of the material, and to the recycling of the material after demolition. Green roofs in Germany are now made mandatory by local authorities. Green roofs offer innovative technological features as well as additional use. Combined with extensive or intensive greening, these roofs reduce the use of building land. They must be built to last the lifetime of the building and given proper care and maintenance. In the twenty-first century, green roof systems will be made of recycled and environmentally sound material. The purpose of the green roof is to provide not only a permanent location for vegetation, but also offer further possibilities of utilization, such as additional thermal insulation, fall protection systems or even constructions for solar power facilities. This paper addressed issues regarding the extended life expectancy of a roof, savings on stormwater tax and thermal values for insulation calculations. Green roofs in Germany currently represent an important element in stormwater management by slowing down, filtering and diminishing rain water runoff. The excess water is guided into cisterns and used for the irrigation of the roof gardens and for flushing toilets. 5 figs.

  13. Teaching Climate Science in Non-traditional Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strybos, J.

    2015-12-01

    San Antonio College is the oldest, largest and centrally-located campus of Alamo Colleges, a network of five community colleges based around San Antonio, Texas with a headcount enrollment of approximately 20,000 students. The student population is diverse in ethnicity, age and income; and the Colleges understand that they play a salient role in educating its students on the foreseen impacts of climate change. This presentation will discuss the key investment Alamo Colleges has adopted to incorporate sustainability and climate science into non-traditional classrooms. The established courses that cover climate-related course material have historically had low enrollments. One of the most significant challenges is informing the student population of the value of this class both in their academic career and in their personal lives. By hosting these lessons in hands-on simulations and demonstrations that are accessible and understandable to students of any age, and pursuing any major, we have found an exciting way to teach all students about climate change and identify solutions. San Antonio College (SAC) hosts the Bill R. Sinkin Eco Centro Community Center, completed in early 2014, that serves as an environmental hub for Alamo Colleges' staff and students as well as the San Antonio community. The center actively engages staff and faculty during training days in sustainability by presenting information on Eco Centro, personal sustainability habits, and inviting faculty to bring their classes for a tour and sustainability primer for students. The Centro has hosted professors from diverse disciplines that include Architecture, Psychology, Engineering, Science, English, Fine Arts, and International Studies to bring their classes to center to learn about energy, water conservation, landscaping, and green building. Additionally, Eco Centro encourages and assists students with research projects, including a solar-hydroponic project currently under development with the support

  14. Opportunities and challenges of nanotechnology in the green economy

    OpenAIRE

    Iavicoli, Ivo; Leso, Veruscka; Ricciardi, Walter; Hodson, Laura L; Mark D. Hoover

    2014-01-01

    In a world of finite resources and ecosystem capacity, the prevailing model of economic growth, founded on ever-increasing consumption of resources and emission pollutants, cannot be sustained any longer. In this context, the “green economy” concept has offered the opportunity to change the way that society manages the interaction of the environmental and economic domains. To enable society to build and sustain a green economy, the associated concept of “green nanotechnology” aims to exploit ...

  15. Classroom acoustics in public schools: A case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loro, Carmen P.; Zannin, Paulo T.

    2001-05-01

    The acoustic quality of a standard classroom (Standard 23) of the public school system in the city of Curitiba has been evaluated. This standard has a central circulation aisle with two classrooms in each side. Each room has windows to the outside and to the internal aisle. Additionally, the aisle has a 6-m-high zenithal skylight, together composing the building's main lighting and ventilation system. But, Standard 23 lacks acoustic quality of the classrooms. In order to assay this, measurements have been performed under several conditions, using the Building Acoustics System of Bruel & Kjaer. The measured reverberation time (RT) of the four classrooms for a frequency of 500 Hz was: 1.65 s (empty classroom), 1.15 s (20 students in the room), and 0.76 s (40 students). According to WHO recommendations, the ideal RT in classrooms should be around 0.6 s. DIN 18041 establishes an RT between 0.8 and 1.0 s, to allow for adequate intelligibility. Background noise in an empty room was 63.3 dB (A), above the limit established by the Brazilian standard of acoustic comfort: 40 dB (A). The reaction of students and teachers has indicated that the main source of acoustic discomfort is the noise generated by the neighboring classrooms.

  16. Thermal Behavior of Green Roofs Applied to Tropical Climate

    OpenAIRE

    Grace Tibério Cardoso; Francisco Vecchia

    2013-01-01

    The main goal of this paper is to present results on an experimental field about the green roofs thermal behavior, compared to other traditional roof covering systems. On the one hand, it intends to describe shortly the constructive system of a green roof with a lightweight building system, which has a sustainable building materials character and, on the other, it worries with the water reuse and with the run-off delay. The main methodological procedure adopted to study the thermal behavior o...

  17. Researching the Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆军

    2014-01-01

    This paper explains how any teacher can do their own classroom research as a part of their normal teaching. In order to research the classroom,it reviews some teacher’s questions in the classroom.After introducing two ways of researching :research by thinking and research by experimenting ,the paper analyses the reasons and shows some methods to solve the problems. This will determine the shape of what is done in the classroom exactly.It’s helpful for the teachers to have lessons every day.

  18. Building trust

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Activate' is the energy magazine for secondary schools and is part of the Education Programme which is managed on behalf of the British Nuclear Industry Forum by AEA Technology. activate is the flagship communication device between the British Nuclear Industry Forum's Education Programme and secondary schools in the UK. It was developed from a previous publication, Nuclear Bulletin. There is a need for the nuclear industry to build trust with teachers and students in the UK, where for a long time, everything that the industry has said, written or printed has been disregarded by school teachers as propaganda. Over the last few years the industry has put in a great deal of effort to position itself as a provider of educationally sound and socially acceptable information. 'Activate' was an evolution of this idea and there was a hole in the market for a lively, activity and article based magazine that could be used in the classroom. The target audience is principally teachers of science, mathematics and geography, but also includes teachers of art,, English and history with students of between 11 and 18. The results were very positive in that teachers appreciated the colourful and lively nature of activate and they felt that it provided information and opinions in an un biased and non-propagandist way. Their comments about layout, number of activities style of presentation were taken into account and during the summer of 1994 activate was remodelled ready for re launch in September. The feedback so far is good with more teachers signing up every week to receive their own free copy

  19. GREEN MARKETING : GREEN ENVIRONMENT - STRATEGIES AND CHALLENGES

    OpenAIRE

    Bhurelal Patidar; Dinesh Kumar Gupta; Prakash Garg

    2014-01-01

    -Green marketing is a phenomenon which has developed particular import in the modern market. This concept has enabled for the re-marketing and packing of existing products which already adhere to such guidelines. Additionally, the development of green marketing has opened the door of opportunity for companies to co-brand their products into separate line, lauding the green-friendliness of some while ignoring that of others. Such marketing techniques as will be explained are as...

  20. INL High Performance Building Strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jennifer D. Morton

    2010-02-01

    High performance buildings, also known as sustainable buildings and green buildings, are resource efficient structures that minimize the impact on the environment by using less energy and water, reduce solid waste and pollutants, and limit the depletion of natural resources while also providing a thermally and visually comfortable working environment that increases productivity for building occupants. As Idaho National Laboratory (INL) becomes the nation’s premier nuclear energy research laboratory, the physical infrastructure will be established to help accomplish this mission. This infrastructure, particularly the buildings, should incorporate high performance sustainable design features in order to be environmentally responsible and reflect an image of progressiveness and innovation to the public and prospective employees. Additionally, INL is a large consumer of energy that contributes to both carbon emissions and resource inefficiency. In the current climate of rising energy prices and political pressure for carbon reduction, this guide will help new construction project teams to design facilities that are sustainable and reduce energy costs, thereby reducing carbon emissions. With these concerns in mind, the recommendations described in the INL High Performance Building Strategy (previously called the INL Green Building Strategy) are intended to form the INL foundation for high performance building standards. This revised strategy incorporates the latest federal and DOE orders (Executive Order [EO] 13514, “Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance” [2009], EO 13423, “Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management” [2007], and DOE Order 430.2B, “Departmental Energy, Renewable Energy, and Transportation Management” [2008]), the latest guidelines, trends, and observations in high performance building construction, and the latest changes to the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

  1. BREEAM Green Leaf Eco-rating Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The environmental performance of buildings is measured for several reasons, the main one being that it can help owners decide where to invest their retrofit dollars to maximize the energy performance of their building and reduce operating costs. The buildings constructed in the 1950s and 1960s in North America are reaching obsolescence and will require major retrofits to improve their energy efficiency, particularly in the area of mechanical equipment. In addition to reducing operating costs, better maintenance and environmental management of buildings can also address issues such as comfort, health, indoor air quality and productivity. In order to accurately measure the environmental performance of a building, it is necessary to develop a comprehensive measuring and benchmarking tool that would allow occupants to compare the buildings' performance with others. In this pilot study, 6 high-rise multi-residential buildings were assessed for environmental performance using the BREEAM Green Leaf assessment method. The methodology originated in Canada and was developed by ECD Energy, Environment Canada and Terra Choice. It combines the BREEAM set of environmental issues with the Green Leaf Eco-Rating technique. The method covers occupant health, energy efficiency, resource efficiency, environmental responsibility and affordability. Operation and management issues are also taken into consideration. The buildings used in this study were located in various locations, ranging from inner city housing to city/suburban areas. 2 tabs., 17 figs

  2. OPTIMIZING GREEN ROOF TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MIDWEST

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green roofs, while extensively used in Europe, are an emerging technology in the U.S. They have an array of potential benefits (including improved storm water management, increased energy conservation of buildings, reduced urban heat island effects, and extended roof life) ...

  3. Green polymer chemistry: biocatalysis and biomaterials

    Science.gov (United States)

    This overview briefly surveys the practice of green chemistry in polymer science. Eight related themes can be discerned from the current research activities: 1) biocatalysis, 2) bio-based building blocks and agricultural products, 3) degradable polymers, 4) recycling of polymer products and catalys...

  4. Greening oil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shell is playing its part both individually and as part of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, which I have had the privilege of chairing over the past two years. This is part of a clear commitment to contribute to sustainable development, which is at the heart of the way we operate. That means we take account of environmental and social considerations as well as economic ones in making our business decisions. We know that oil and gas exploration and production can have an impact on the environment and are determined to minimize it and ensure the long-term legacy of these operations is a good one. Protecting the world's biodiversity is a particularly important aspect of our work, and we are working in partnership with a number of conservation organizations. These include a project with the Smithsonian Institution in Gabon that is researching and cataloguing the immensely rich natural environment around the oilfields in the Gamba complex. It is extremely encouraging that the research so far has suggested that, despite almost 40 years of oil operations, the environment in the area is as rich as ever. We have been working with other companies and conservation organizations in the Energy Biodiversity Initiative in recognition of the particular responsibilities of energy companies in this area. As part of this, the Shell Group has developed tools and guidelines on best practice in integrating biodiversity into oil and gas development. We hope these will form the basis for a common approach by the industry. This builds on the approach we have taken to integrate biodiversity into our project planning and operations. The environmental impact of any project is assessed right from the start and safeguards are put in place to mitigate any negative effects. There is an early dialogue with stakeholders to ensure that their concerns are addressed. Biodiversity is important wherever we work and we try to ensure that all our operations take place in a

  5. Copyrights and the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zirkel, Perry A.; Gluckman, Ivan B.

    1983-01-01

    A copyright infringement suit involving duplication of material for classroom use without permission or acknowledgement and related cases are discussed with reference to the fair use privilege, the Copyright Act of 1976, and congressional guidelines. Generally, fair use has been rejected as a blanket defense in classroom copying. (MJL)

  6. Speaking in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBain, Robert

    2011-01-01

    Too much speaking and indiscipline in class is an on-going problem for any teacher, it is at its least disruptive and at most it destroys a good positive classroom atmosphere. This article recognizes this and continues this debate and suggests key clues to support teachers in their efforts to maintain a positive classroom atmosphere and discipline…

  7. Your Ideal Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cookson, Peter W., Jr.

    2006-01-01

    As teachers think about their career and the nature of their professional commitment, they should consider treating their classrooms as creative opportunities for mapping the learning process for both themselves and their students. This article provides suggestions for designing a classroom that will offer creative learning opportunities for…

  8. Community in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Katie; Mitcham, Karen Conn

    2012-01-01

    Classroom community is an integral part of facilitating a safe and supportive learning environment for students. Teachers, architects of community, recognize the importance of encouraging collaboration and respect among students in the classrooms and schools, and the value of nurturing atmospheres of respect. Teachers who are intentional about…

  9. Mathematics Difficulties & Classroom Leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Maria Christina Secher

    2016-01-01

    This article investigates possible links between inclusion, students, for whom mathematics is extensively difficult, and classroom leadership through a case study on teaching strategies and student participation in four classrooms at two different primary schools in Denmark. Three sets of results...

  10. Creativity in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamson, Carolee

    1985-01-01

    Classroom teachers can provide more creative opportunities in the classroom by providing an atmosphere of psychological safety and by presenting material that encourages divergent thinking. Examples of the bull's eye strategy, brainstorming, and checklisting activities to stimulate imaginative ideas are offered. (CL)

  11. 78 FR 21368 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... Board's conference space are requested to refrain from using perfume, cologne, and other fragrances (see http://www.access-board.gov/about/policies/fragrance.htm for more information). Dated: April 4,...

  12. 77 FR 24494 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... from using perfume, cologne, and other fragrances (see http://www.access-board.gov/about/policies/fragrance.htm for more information). Dated: April 18, 2012. John C. Thomas, Deputy Director, Office...

  13. 77 FR 66616 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-06

    ... conference space are requested to refrain from using perfume, cologne, and other fragrances (see http://www.access-board.gov/about/policies/fragrance.htm for more information). Dated: November 1, 2012. Janet...

  14. 借助小组合作学习模式构建高效初中数学课堂%With Group Cooperative Learning Model to Build Efficient Junior Middle School Mathematics Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦刚友

    2014-01-01

    The new junior middle school mathematics curriculum standards states:“effective mathematics learning activities can not simply rely on imitation and memory, hands-on, self-exploration and cooperation exchange is an important way of learning mathematics.”Visible, group cooperative learning model is the new curriculum reform since one of the three learning modes. So, in teaching, teachers should conscientiously implement the model, we must continue to inject new vitality into the classroom in order to ensure the smooth realization of efficient mathematics classroom.%《义务教育数学课程标准》指出:“有效的数学学习活动不能单纯地依赖模仿与记忆,动手实践、自主探索与合作交流是学生学习数学的重要方式。”可见,小组合作学习模式是新课程改革以来三大学习模式之一。所以,在教学中,教师要认真贯彻落实该模式,要不断给课堂注入新的活力,以确保高效数学课堂的顺利实现。

  15. Aulas 2.0 y uso de las TIC en la práctica docente Classroom 2.0 Experiences and Building on the Use of ICT in Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Domingo Coscollola

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Asumiendo la importancia de las nuevas tecnologías en las aulas, pretendemos impulsar la integración de las tecnologías de la información y de la comunicación (TIC en la práctica docente desde una investigación colaborativa donde se aplican metodologías cercanas a la investigación-acción y participan 21 centros de educación primaria y secundaria de España. En los seminarios de esta investigación, el profesorado participante recibe progresivamente una formación didáctica y tecnológica orientada hacia la experimentación y la reflexión de las posibilidades de uso de un ordenador por alumno, en el aula, y de la pizarra digital o pizarra digital interactiva (PDI. Después del primer periodo de la investigación, aportamos ideas significativas que han guiado la formación impartida y avanzamos información de la experimentación del profesorado en sus aulas denominadas aulas 2.0 por estar dotadas de una PDI y de ordenadores con acceso a Internet. Concretamente, de esta experimentación, aportamos resultados relevantes sobre la intensidad de uso de la PDI y de los ordenadores, las actividades habituales realizadas con estos recursos tecnológicos, sus ventajas e inconvenientes destacables al utilizarlos y sus incidencias de uso en los aprendizajes de los estudiantes. En las conclusiones, se analizan y se valoran los resultados, apuntando posibles criterios de actuación para ir avanzando en la práctica docente del siglo XXI y en la inclusión de las TIC en las aulas.Recognising the importance of new technology in the classroom, our aim is to promote the integration of information and communication technology (ICT in teaching practice from a collaborative research in which action research style methods are applied involving 21 primary and secondary schools in Spain. In these research seminars, the participating teachers receive a progressive educational and technological training orientated towards the experiment and reflect on the

  16. Green Walls for Clean Air

    OpenAIRE

    Gölsdorf, Katrin; Müller, Hans; Collier, Marcus

    2013-01-01

    Can plants help to improve the air quality? People have often complained about Ivy on buildings, but research by Helix Pflanzen GmbH, a company that is specialised in the cultivation of ivy species and the development of green wall technology, is shedding new light on an old problem. Using a cultivated variety of ivy (Hedera helix 'Wörner'), experiments were carried out that illustrated the binding effect that this Ivy has on fine dust particles. This is particularly important in urban ...

  17. PIC. Profile of Interaction in the Classroom. A Quick Feedback of Interaction Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunner, Ellen

    The Profile of Interaction in the Classroom (PIC) is a short-cut method of interaction analysis that can provide the quick feedback essential to effective supervision of instruction. And because the PIC contains a record of all the behaviors that occurred in the classroom, as well as the sequence, the data may be used to build a traditional…

  18. Green Connections Network

    Data.gov (United States)

    City of San Francisco — Green Connections aims to increase access to parks, open spaces, and the waterfront by envisioning a network of ���green connectors�۪ ��� city streets that will be...

  19. GREEN MARKETING - AN OVERVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Arthi; S. Bulomine Reg; Anthony Rahul Golden.S

    2014-01-01

    In today's business world environmental issues plays an important role in marketing. All most all the governments around the world have concerned about green marketing activities that they have attempted to regulate them. There has been little attempt to academically examine environmental or green marketing. It introduces the terms and concepts of green marketing, briefly discuss why going green is important and also examine some of the reason that organizations are adopting a...

  20. The Green Studio Handbook: Environmental Strategies for Schematic Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alison G. Kwok

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In design studio projects we often see schemes with inspired, yet unvalidated, gestural sketches related to wishful green strategies. Yellow and blue magic arrows represent hypotheses about the behavior of daylight and/or air flow in and about buildings. This paper provides an overview of The Green Studio Handbook, recently published as a resource for designers seeking clear guidelines for integrating green design strategies into the conceptual and schematic phases of design. The book contains a discussion of the integration of green strategies and how building form, orientation, and spatial layout are critical to the proper performance of certain green strategies; 40 green design strategies in six broad topic areas, each providing acatalog of information for common strategies that must be implemented at the schematic design phase; and nine case studies that show how various green strategies work together in a finished building. This paper provides excerpts of several design strategies and one case study and suggests a variety of ways that the book may be used.Keywords: green design, case studies, education, schematic design

  1. Show Me the Green

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norbury, Keith

    2013-01-01

    Gone are the days when green campus initiatives were a balm to the soul and a drain on the wallet. Today's environmental initiatives are all about saving lots of green--in every sense of the word. The environmental benefits of green campus projects--whether wind turbines or better insulation--are pretty clear. Unfortunately, in today's…

  2. EPA's Green Roof Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    This is a presentation on the basics of green roof technology. The presentation highlights some of the recent ORD research projects on green roofs and provices insight for the end user as to the benefits for green roof technology. It provides links to currently available EPA re...

  3. Public Libraries Going Green

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Kathryn

    2010-01-01

    Going green is now a national issue, and patrons expect their library to respond in the same way many corporations have. Libraries are going green with logos on their Web sites, programs for the public, and a host of other initiatives. This is the first book to focus strictly on the library's role in going green, helping you with: (1) Collection…

  4. What Is Green?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pokrandt, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    Green is a question with varying answers and sometimes no answer at all. It is a question of location, resources, people, environment, and money. As green really has no end point, a teacher's goal should be to teach students to question and consider green. In this article, the author provides several useful metrics to help technology teachers…

  5. The Green Man

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson-Newlin, Karen

    2010-01-01

    The Jolly Green Giant. Robin Hood. The Bamberg Cathedral. Tales of King Arthur. Ecology. What do they have in common? What legends and ancient myths are shrouded in the tales of the Green Man? Most often perceived as an ancient Celtic symbol as the god of spring and summer, the Green Man disappears and returns year after year, century after…

  6. The green agenda

    CERN Document Server

    Calder, Alan

    2009-01-01

    This business guide to Green IT was written to introduce, to a business audience, the opposing groups and the key climate change concepts, to provide an overview of a Green IT strategy and to set out a straightforward, bottom line-orientated Green IT action plan.

  7. Classroom Management and the Librarian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackburn, Heidi; Hays, Lauren

    2014-01-01

    As librarians take on more instructional responsibilities, the need for classroom management skills becomes vital. Unfortunately, classroom management skills are not taught in library school and therefore, many librarians are forced to learn how to manage a classroom on the job. Different classroom settings such as one-shot instruction sessions…

  8. Probabilistic economic analysis of green roof benefits for policy design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The installation costs of green roofs continue to deter widespread use of green roof technology. Analyses of the boundary conditions for the cost differential between a green roof and a conventional roof are usually compared to environmental benefits such as storm water reduction and building energy savings. However, evidence is emerging that green roofs may play a role in urban air quality improvement. This paper discussed a methodology for developing probabilistic ranges of benefits and cost analyses. A probabilistic analysis was conducted to prepare a generalized cost-benefit analysis for application to a range of green roof projects. Environmental benefits of roof greening were quantified on a per unit surface area to assess environmental impact at the building scale. Parameters included conventional and green roof installation costs; storm water fees and fee reductions for green roofs; energy costs due to heat flux and the resultant savings through the installation of a green roof and the additional economic valuation of the public health benefits due to air pollution mitigation. Results were then integrated into an economic model to determine the length of time required for a return on investment in a green roof, assuming that a traditional roof would require replacement after 20 years. A net present value analysis was performed for an average-sized university roof. Results of the study showed that a valuation of environmental benefits can reduce the time required for a return on investment in a moderately priced green roof. While reduced installation costs reduced the time required for a return on investment, optimizing the green roof system for maximum environmental benefit had a greater potential to provide a higher return. It was concluded that the benefit of improved air quality should not be ignored by green roof policy-makers as a valuation tool. 10 refs., 3 tabs., 1 fig

  9. Green Transformational Leadership and Green Performance: The Mediation Effects of Green Mindfulness and Green Self-Efficacy

    OpenAIRE

    Yu-Shan Chen; Ching-Hsun Chang; Yu-Hsien Lin

    2014-01-01

    No prior literature explores the influence of green transformational leadership on green performance, thus, this study develops a novel research framework to fill the research gap. This study investigates the influence of green transformational leadership on green performance and discusses the mediation effects of green mindfulness and green self-efficacy by means of structural equation modeling (SEM). The results indicate that green transformational leadership positively influences green min...

  10. Game-theory approach for resident coalitions to allocate green-roof benefits

    OpenAIRE

    S W Tsang; C Y Jim

    2011-01-01

    Roof greening in cities provides a range of environmental, economic, and social benefits. However, the lack of motivation among property owners in high-rise buildings poses an intractable obstacle to its wide implementation in compact cities. Cooperation amongst stakeholders, from individual-building to city-block scales, could facilitate adoption of green roofing, with implications for urban sustainability. This study is an attempt to evaluate the net gain from roof greening in terms of appo...

  11. Green Architecture Paradigm: from Urban Utopia to Modern Methods of Quality Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Gintaras Stauskis

    2013-01-01

    Trends of environmental, social and economic development in the modern world are driving forward the theory and practice of Green Building with important role for architecture and architects. The article presents a comprehensive analysis of the Green Building doctrine and its historic background based on a review of main ideas of Green Architecture including its historic roots, as well as modern theories and practices of contemporary system of sustainability. Complex quality assessment method...

  12. A combined experimental and simulation method for appraising the energy performance of green roofs in Ningbo's Chinese climate

    OpenAIRE

    Kokogiannakis, Georgios; Darkwa, Jo; Yuan, Kate

    2014-01-01

    A passive means of lowering the energy demand of buildings is the application of green roofs. The complexity between heat and moisture exchanges in green roof layers and the large variations of green roof types make the need for experimental or simulation assessments necessary for quantifying the energy benefits from green roofs. The current treatment of green roofs in simulation programs is either over-simplistic, for example by ignoring heat and moisture exchanges such as evapotranspiration...

  13. Unfolding Green Defense

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kristian Knus

    2015-01-01

    consumption in military operations, defense expenditure, energy security, and global climate change. The report then proceeds to introduce the NATO Green Defence Framework before exploring specific current uses of green technologies and green strategies for defense. The report concludes that a number of...... political, military, organizational, and technological challenges and possibilities are related to the development of green solutions for defense. Based on this conclusion the report argues that it is essential to comprehensively describe how a green solution is linked to a security challenge to develop...

  14. Flipping the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riendeau, Diane

    2012-11-01

    A recent trend in education is the ``flipped'' or ``reversed'' classroom. In this educational model, students view videos of the lectures as their homework and class time is used for activities and solving problems that might have been assigned as homework in a traditional classroom. Although far from an expert on flipping the classroom, I can see some merit in the idea. When students watch the videos at home, they can start and restart the lecture as often as they like. The lectures are also available for review before the exam. Class time can be used for higher-order questioning, experiments, and problem solving.

  15. Flipped Classroom, active Learning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Thomas Dyreborg; Levinsen, Henrik; Philipps, Morten;

    2015-01-01

    Action research is conducted in three physics classes over a period of eighteen weeks with the aim of studying the effect of flipped classroom on the pupils agency and learning processes. The hypothesis is that flipped classroom teaching will potentially allocate more time to work actively...... are conducted in three different phases corresponding to different teaching sequences During the first phase the classes are taught as they are usually taught. During the next two phases classes are taught on the basis of a common understanding of the flipped classroom teaching model obtained during a 4 day...

  16. Youths’ Green Information and Communications Technology Acceptance and Implications for the Innovation Decision Process

    OpenAIRE

    Thongmak, Mathupayas

    2016-01-01

    ‘Green’ is the trendy word that people pay attention to it. Green ICT is currently highlighted to be an important strategic technology due to its various benefits in terms of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, lowering electricity costs, nurturing corporate images, etc. However, the adoption of green ICT products or services is not prevalent, especially in developing countries. Green consumers, particularly young people, are the key to build the success of the green ICT adoption. Thus, applyi...

  17. Digging the New York City Skyline: Soil Fungal Communities in Green Roofs and City Parks

    OpenAIRE

    McGuire, Krista L.; Payne, Sara G.; Palmer, Matthew I; Gillikin, Caitlyn M.; Dominique Keefe; Su Jin Kim; Gedallovich, Seren M.; Julia Discenza; Ramya Rangamannar; Koshner, Jennifer A.; Audrey L Massmann; Giulia Orazi; Adam Essene; Leff, Jonathan W.; Noah Fierer

    2013-01-01

    In urban environments, green roofs provide a number of benefits, including decreased urban heat island effects and reduced energy costs for buildings. However, little research has been done on the non-plant biota associated with green roofs, which likely affect their functionality. For the current study, we evaluated whether or not green roofs planted with two native plant communities in New York City functioned as habitats for soil fungal communities, and compared fungal communities in green...

  18. Customers’ Intention to Use Green Products: the Impact of Green Brand Dimensions and Green Perceived Value

    OpenAIRE

    Doszhanov Aibek; Ahmad Zainal Ariffin

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to identify the relationships between green brand dimension (green brand awareness, green brand image, and green brand trust), green perceived value and customer’s intention to use green products. Data was collected through structured survey questionnaire from 384 customers of three hypermarkets in Kuala-Lumpur. Data was analyzed based on multiple regression analysis. The results indicate that there are significant relationships between green brand awareness, green brand trus...

  19. Green electronics manufacturing creating environmental sensible products

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, John X

    2012-01-01

    Going ""green"" is becoming a major component of the mission for electronics manufacturers worldwide. While this goal seems simplistic, it poses daunting dilemmas. Yet, to compete effectively in the global economy, manufacturers must take the initiative to drive this crucial movement. Green Electronics Manufacturing: Creating Environmental Sensible Products provides you with a complete reference to design, develop, build, and install an electronic product with special consideration for the product's environmental impacts during its whole life cycle. The author discusses how to integrate the st

  20. Fungi isolated in school buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Elżbieta Ejdys

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the species composition of fungi occurring on wall surfaces and in the air in school buildings. Fungi isolated from the air using the sedimentation method and from the walls using the surface swab technique constituted the study material. Types of finish materials on wall surfaces were identified and used in the analysis. Samples were collected in selected areas in two schools: classrooms, corridors, men's toilets and women's toilets, cloakrooms, sports c...

  1. Evaluation of Respirable Crystalline Silica in High School Ceramics Classrooms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Fechser

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Air concentrations of respirable crystalline silica were measured in eleven (11 high school ceramics classrooms located in Salt Lake County, UT, USA. Respirable dust was collected on PVC filters using precision flow pumps and cyclone samplers (n = 44. Filters were subsequently analyzed for respirable dust and percent crystalline silica content. The geometric mean of the silica concentrations was 0.009 mg/m3 near the teacher’s work station and 0.008 mg/m3 near the kilns. The number of students in the classroom was correlated to the silica concentration in the ceramics classroom, but no correlation was found between the silica concentrations and either the size of the classroom or the age of the building. Results from this study indicate that ceramics teachers may be at an increased risk of exposure to crystalline silica based on the ACGIH TLV of 0.025 mg/m3, with an exceedance of 21%.

  2. Culture in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medin, Douglas L.; Bang, Megan

    2014-01-01

    Culture plays a large but often unnoticeable role in what we teach and how we teach children. We are a country of immense diversity, but in classrooms the dominant European-American culture has become the language of learning.

  3. The Classroom Animal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, David C., Ed.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses the behavior, housing, care, diet, and feeding of painted turtles. Also suggests several classroom activities and provides guidelines related to long-term captivity and human disease prevention. (DH)

  4. Climatic Conditions in Classrooms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kevan, Simon M.; Howes, John D.

    1980-01-01

    Presents an overview of research on the ways in which classroom thermal environment, lighting conditions, ion state, and electromagnetic and air pollution affect learning and the performance of students and teachers. (SJL)

  5. Newspapers Wow Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maskovsky, Marvin

    1972-01-01

    Article emphasizes the role of the newspaper in shaping the development of our nation's character and stresses the importance of the use of the newspaper in the classroom for teaching both civic responsibility and basic skills. (Author/ML)

  6. Going Green Online: Distance Learning Prepares Students for Success in Green-Collar Job Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Githens, Rod; Sauer, Timothy

    2010-01-01

    President Barack Obama has touted the development of a new green economy as a tool to rebuild the American economy while creating new jobs. This new economy requires entrepreneurs and innovators to create new businesses and invent new technologies. It also requires technicians with specialized skills to build wind farms, operate renewable fuels…

  7. Composition and Diversity of Avian Communities Using a New Urban Habitat: Green Roofs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washburn, Brian E; Swearingin, Ryan M; Pullins, Craig K; Rice, Matthew E

    2016-06-01

    Green roofs on buildings are becoming popular and represent a new component of the urban landscape. Public benefits of green roof projects include reduced stormwater runoff, improved air quality, reduced urban heat island effects, and aesthetic values. As part of a city-wide plan, several green roofs have been constructed at Chicago's O'Hare International Airport (ORD). Like some other landscaping features, green roofs on or near an airport might attract wildlife and thus increase the risk of bird-aircraft collisions. During 2007-2011, we conducted a series of studies to evaluate wildlife use of newly constructed green roofs and traditional (gravel) roofs on buildings at ORD. These green roofs were 0.04-1.62 ha in area and consisted of primarily stonecrop species for vegetation. A total of 188 birds were observed using roofs during this research. Of the birds using green roofs, 66, 23, and 4 % were Killdeer, European Starlings, and Mourning Doves, respectively. Killdeer nested on green roofs, whereas the other species perched, foraged, or loafed. Birds used green roofs almost exclusively between May and October. Overall, avian use of the green roofs was minimal and similar to that of buildings with traditional roofs. Although green roofs with other vegetation types might offer forage or cover to birds and thus attract potentially hazardous wildlife, the stonecrop-vegetated green roofs in this study did not increase the risk of bird-aircraft collisions. PMID:26956765

  8. Composition and Diversity of Avian Communities Using a New Urban Habitat: Green Roofs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washburn, Brian E.; Swearingin, Ryan M.; Pullins, Craig K.; Rice, Matthew E.

    2016-06-01

    Green roofs on buildings are becoming popular and represent a new component of the urban landscape. Public benefits of green roof projects include reduced stormwater runoff, improved air quality, reduced urban heat island effects, and aesthetic values. As part of a city-wide plan, several green roofs have been constructed at Chicago's O'Hare International Airport (ORD). Like some other landscaping features, green roofs on or near an airport might attract wildlife and thus increase the risk of bird-aircraft collisions. During 2007-2011, we conducted a series of studies to evaluate wildlife use of newly constructed green roofs and traditional (gravel) roofs on buildings at ORD. These green roofs were 0.04-1.62 ha in area and consisted of primarily stonecrop species for vegetation. A total of 188 birds were observed using roofs during this research. Of the birds using green roofs, 66, 23, and 4 % were Killdeer, European Starlings, and Mourning Doves, respectively. Killdeer nested on green roofs, whereas the other species perched, foraged, or loafed. Birds used green roofs almost exclusively between May and October. Overall, avian use of the green roofs was minimal and similar to that of buildings with traditional roofs. Although green roofs with other vegetation types might offer forage or cover to birds and thus attract potentially hazardous wildlife, the stonecrop-vegetated green roofs in this study did not increase the risk of bird-aircraft collisions.

  9. Flip the classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Simon

    2015-11-01

    Given the huge expansion in medical knowledge it is both practical and expedient to make better use of students' time with aids for effective learning, rather than by increasing the length of time it takes to earn a medical degree. Embracing a 'flipped classroom' approach is a way to free-up classroom time to promote active learning through opportunities such as case-based and team-based exercises. PMID:26808949

  10. Differentiation in Classroom Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mottelson, Martha

    2015-01-01

    Differentiation in School Practice is an ongoing research project currently being carried out in UCC’s research department by myself and my coworker Christina Jørgensen. The project includes a field study of everyday life in a Danish 5th grade classroom with the aim to observe, describe and analyze...... those everyday practices in the classroom that ultimately result in offering students different positions, identities and opportunities for participation....

  11. Regional Priorities of Green Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Nikolayevich Bobylev

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to transforming the economy of Russian regions to a green economy, which is an essential factor for the sustainable development. This is important not only for Russia but the whole world because our country has the great natural capital and provides important environmental services that support the planet biosphere. Based on the analysis of economic, social and ecological statistical data and Human Development Index (HDI we have shown that the development of Russian Federal Districts is very unbalanced and each Russian region has its own way to new economic model. For instance, it is necessary to increase the well-being in the North Caucasus Federal District, it is important to reach higher life expectancy at birth in the Siberian and the Far Eastern Districts. It is necessary to move from the «brown» economy to a green one by using the human capital (building a knowledge economy, by applying Best Available Technologies (Techniques, by investing in efficiency of use of natural resources and by increasing energy efficiency. The transition to a green economy will help to achieve social equity and the development of human potential; it helps to move from the exploitation of non-renewable natural capital to renewable human capital. All these socio-economic measures should give decoupling effect, make risks lower, reduce the exploitation of natural capital, stop the environmental degradation and prevent the ecological crisis. Transition to the green economic model has to be accompanied by new economic development indicators, which take into account social and environmental factors.

  12. Green roof valuation: a probabilistic economic analysis of environmental benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Corrie; Adriaens, Peter; Talbot, F Brian

    2008-03-15

    Green (vegetated) roofs have gained global acceptance as a technologythat has the potential to help mitigate the multifaceted, complex environmental problems of urban centers. While policies that encourage green roofs exist atthe local and regional level, installation costs remain at a premium and deter investment in this technology. The objective of this paper is to quantitatively integrate the range of stormwater, energy, and air pollution benefits of green roofs into an economic model that captures the building-specific scale. Currently, green roofs are primarily valued on increased roof longevity, reduced stormwater runoff, and decreased building energy consumption. Proper valuation of these benefits can reduce the present value of a green roof if investors look beyond the upfront capital costs. Net present value (NPV) analysis comparing a conventional roof system to an extensive green roof system demonstrates that at the end of the green roof lifetime the NPV for the green roof is between 20.3 and 25.2% less than the NPV for the conventional roof over 40 years. The additional upfront investment is recovered at the time when a conventional roof would be replaced. Increasing evidence suggests that green roofs may play a significant role in urban air quality improvement For example, uptake of N0x is estimated to range from $1683 to $6383 per metric ton of NOx reduction. These benefits were included in this study, and results translate to an annual benefit of $895-3392 for a 2000 square meter vegetated roof. Improved air quality leads to a mean NPV for the green roof that is 24.5-40.2% less than the mean conventional roof NPV. Through innovative policies, the inclusion of air pollution mitigation and the reduction of municipal stormwater infrastructure costs in economic valuation of environmental benefits of green roofs can reduce the cost gap that currently hinders U.S. investment in green roof technology. PMID:18409652

  13. Backyard Botany: Using GPS Technology in the Science Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    March, Kathryn A.

    2012-01-01

    Global Positioning System (GPS) technology can be used to connect students to the natural world and improve their skills in observation, identification, and classification. Using GPS devices in the classroom increases student interest in science, encourages team-building skills, and improves biology content knowledge. Additionally, it helps…

  14. Double-Edged Sword: Social Media Use in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chromey, Kelli J.; Duchsherer, Amy; Pruett, Jennifer; Vareberg, Kyle

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to identify the students' perceptions of social media use in a classroom setting. Knowing students' perceptions of social media can help the instructor build a course that both student and teacher can find effective. Using focus groups this study found a model to determine if social media is an appropriate or…

  15. Teaching "Romeo and Juliet" in the Nontracked English Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Pamela E.

    1995-01-01

    Uses "Romeo and Juliet" to show how high school teachers can teach complex literary texts in nontracked classrooms by building background knowledge and teaching self-monitoring strategies. Explains strategies such as text previews, story impressions, prereading plan, thinking aloud, self-questioning based on story grammar, and reciprocal teaching.…

  16. From sustainable buildings to sustainable business

    OpenAIRE

    M. Andelin

    2012-01-01

    The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) Sustainable Buildings & Climate Initiative reports that buildings are responsible for more than 40 percent of global energy use and over one third of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The construction and real estate sector has the potential to play a significant role in the response to climate change. During the latest years the increase in attention to sustainability and green building by planners, developers, and investors has been remarka...

  17. Health Outcomes and Green Renovation of Affordable Housing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breysse, Jill; Jacobs, David E.; Weber, William; Dixon, Sherry; Kawecki, Carol; Aceti, Susan; Lopez, Jorge

    2011-01-01

    Objective This study sought to determine whether renovating low-income housing using “green” and healthy principles improved resident health and building performance. Methods We investigated resident health and building performance outcomes at baseline and one year after the rehabilitation of low-income housing using Enterprise Green Communities green specifications, which improve ventilation; reduce moisture, mold, pests, and radon; and use sustainable building products and other healthy housing features. We assessed participant health via questionnaire, provided Healthy Homes training to all participants, and measured ventilation, carbon dioxide, and radon. Results Adults reported statistically significant improvements in overall health, asthma, and non-asthma respiratory problems. Adults also reported that their children's overall health improved, with significant improvements in non-asthma respiratory problems. Post-renovation building performance testing indicated that the building envelope was tightened and local exhaust fans performed well. New mechanical ventilation was installed (compared with no ventilation previously), with fresh air being supplied at 70% of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers standard. Radon was Energy use was reduced by 45% over the one-year post-renovation period. Conclusions We found significant health improvements following low-income housing renovation that complied with green standards. All green building standards should include health requirements. Collaboration of housing, public health, and environmental health professionals through integrated design holds promise for improved health, quality of life, building operation, and energy conservation. PMID:21563714

  18. 课改下如何构建高效的计算机应用基础课堂%How to Build an Efficient Computer Application Foundation Classroom under the Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘坤

    2014-01-01

    Efficient classroom teaching has always been a goal pursued by the majority of teachers,its value is not only enable students to master basic computer knowledge, more important is the ability to develop students’applications and information literacy, to ensure that students get better development.Therefore,under the new curriculum reform,curriculum ideas should seriously be applied to all aspects of basic computer application class,lay a solid foundation for all-round development of students.%高效课堂一直都是广大教师所追求的一种教学目标,其价值不仅是要让学生掌握基本的计算机知识,更重要的是培养学生的应用能力和信息素养,以确保学生获得更好的发展。因此,在新课程改革下,教师要认真将课改理念应用到计算机应用基础课堂的各个环节,以为学生全面的发展打下坚实的基础。

  19. Diffusion of Energy Efficient Technology in Commercial Buildings: An Analysis of the Commercial Building Partnerships Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonopoulos, Chrissi Argyro

    This study presents findings from survey and interview data investigating replication of green building measures by Commercial Building Partnership (CBP) partners that worked directly with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL partnered directly with 12 organizations on new and retrofit construction projects, which represented approximately 28 percent of the entire U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) CBP program. Through a feedback survey mechanism, along with personal interviews, quantitative and qualitative data were gathered relating to replication efforts by each organization. These data were analyzed to provide insight into two primary research areas: 1) CBP partners' replication efforts of green building approaches used in the CBP project to the rest of the organization's building portfolio, and, 2) the market potential for technology diffusion into the total U.S. commercial building stock, as a direct result of the CBP program. The first area of this research focused specifically on replication efforts underway or planned by each CBP program participant. The second area of this research develops a diffusion of innovations model to analyze potential broad market impacts of the CBP program on the commercial building industry in the United States. Findings from this study provided insight into motivations and objectives CBP partners had for program participation. Factors that impact replication include motivation, organizational structure and objectives firms have for implementation of energy efficient technologies. Comparing these factors between different CBP partners revealed patterns in motivation for constructing energy efficient buildings, along with better insight into market trends for green building practices. The optimized approach to the CBP program allows partners to develop green building parameters that fit the specific uses of their building, resulting in greater motivation for replication. In addition, the diffusion model developed

  20. Recreation of social bonds in the classroom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edy Luz Castro Rodríguez

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article is about an ongoing research in Escuela Normal Superior located in Mompós (Bolivar, whose aim is to recreate the social bonds in the classroom by the effective practice of human values such as; respect and tolerance. This qualitative and ethnographic research intends to identify, analyze and propose solutions to the target situation: interaction difficulties in the classroom. By close contact with the community and its involvement in the research process, it is expected to achieve a deep comprehension of its world view, culture, language, habits and customs in order to suggest and implement educative strategies to build up an armonic school life.

  1. Value of environmental factors and willingness to pay for green apartments in Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    Zalejska-Jonsson, Agnieszka

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the importance of environmental factors in the residential property market and investigates avowed willingness to pay for green apartments. The paper presents results from a quasi-experimental study and survey responses from 733 occupants of green and conventional buildings. The analysis indicates that people are prepared to pay approximately five per cent more for very low-energy buildings; however, they are not equally willing to pay for a building with an environmental ...

  2. Green growth in fisheries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Max; Ravensbeck, Lars; Nielsen, Rasmus

    2014-01-01

    Climate change and economic growth have gained a substantial amount of attention over the last decade. Hence, in order to unite the two fields of interest, the concept of green growth has evolved. The concept of green growth focuses on how to achieve growth in environment-dependent sectors, without...... harming the environment. Fishery is an environment-dependent sector and it has been argued that there is no potential for green growth in the sector owing to global overexploitation, leaving no scope for production growth. The purpose of this paper is to explain what green growth is and to develop...... a conceptual framework. Furthermore, the aim is to show that a large green growth potential actually exists in fisheries and to show how this potential can be achieved. The potential green growth appears as value-added instead of production growth. The potential can be achieved by reducing overcapacity...

  3. Reactor building

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The whole reactor building is accommodated in a shaft and is sealed level with the earth's surface by a building ceiling, which provides protection against penetration due to external effects. The building ceiling is supported on walls of the reactor building, which line the shaft and transfer the vertical components of forces to the foundations. The thickness of the walls is designed to withstand horizontal pressure waves in the floor. The building ceiling has an opening above the reactor, which must be closed by cover plates. Operating equipment for the reactor can be situated above the building ceiling. (orig./HP)

  4. Green marketing a IKEA

    OpenAIRE

    Šembera, Jan

    2012-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals mainly with green marketing´s growing importance in modern management and with evaluation of IKEA sustainable development policies. First part describes theoretical starting points such as history of green marketing, green customers market segmentation, eco-labelling, but also false advertising - in this case called greenwashing. Second part is focused on IKEA company, its history, business model, product portfolio, logistics concepts and the main company´s opera...

  5. Green Food in China

    OpenAIRE

    Paull, John

    2008-01-01

    "Green Food" is a Chinese food production innovation, and has been described as "one of the most successful eco-labelling programs in the world" (Giovannucci, 2005, p.12). Green Food provides a "middle way" between chemical and organic farming. China's development of the Green Food concept resolves issues with both chemical and organic agriculture - for the former by offering reduced pesticide use, and for the latter by providing a stepped pathway for conversion from chemical to organic agric...

  6. Green Jobs in Australia: A Status Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathryn Hegarty

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper captures the breadth of complexity in the debate about ‘green jobs’ as the world seeks to transition to a ‘low carbon economy’ and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through the reduction of reliance for energy on the burning of fossil fuels. A consideration is provided within both the Australian and international contexts of the current assertions and projections regarding green jobs, their definition and location in the economy. The substantive focus of the paper is on the development of these notions in the Australian context. We consider the understanding brought to the term and explore some of the intersections for vocational employment and training which have emerged in debate about the ways in which nations will manage the carbon pollution reduction imperative. We explore the ways forward for a coherent understanding of the need to build capacity for green jobs.

  7. Modular prevegetated green tank roof systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vidal, P. M.; Olivieri, F.; Neila, F. J.; Bedoya, C. [Technical University of Madird, Madrid, (Spain)

    2010-07-01

    Green architecture contributes to reducing the thermal load on a building's shell and the urban heat in densely built cities with little natural environment. This paper described the ecological rain tank roof. Vegetation offers great protection against solar radiation and minimizes energy flows between the external and interior environments, contributing to an improved comfort conditions. A modular pre-vegetated roof system has been developed. The vegetation species and the thermal insulation applied are selected according to the climatic zone in which the rooftop is. This study developed one module with different materials: the first green tank roof is made of lightweight concrete. The use of concrete contributed significantly to the roof's overweight. A second green tank roof was made of PVC. The modules presented easy maintenance as well as a significant reduction in final labour costs. Experiments showed that the system reaches optimal operation from day one.

  8. Customer value in green power purchases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A discussion about generating electricity from renewable energy sources was presented. The Environment Canada/ENMAX green power contract stipulates that in order for electricity to quality as green power it must be generated by renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, combustion of sustainably produced biomass, or run-of-the-river hydroelectricity. The contract also includes emissions reduction credit (ERC) ownership for greenhouse gases, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, particulates, and toxics. By using green power in some of its own facilities the government demonstrates its support for renewable energy sources, and provides the initial market for the industry to build up its capacity to service larger markets. The emission reduction credits 'earned' could be added to the government inventories as environmental assets

  9. Green economy and green jobs; Vihreae talous ja vihreaet tyoet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Honkasalo, A.

    2012-05-15

    This report looks at discussions on a green economy and green jobs in international organizations such as the OECD, EU and UNEP. It also studies the structural change in the green economy in Finland and how this change will be brought forward by the year 2050 through low carbon technology and innovations. It draws special attention to how citizens' perception of risks and their development impact the approval and acceptance of climate policies and measures. Finland will continue to be a country that utilises natural resources, and where a large part of its industrial sector will be energy- and material-intensive forest, mining and basic metal industries. The following factors will have an impact on work: Energy production is mainly based on renewable energy sources such as bio-, wind and solar power. Energy and material efficiency are important targets; emissions will decrease also in work places. Repairs and wood-based building will increase; new houses will produce energy. Reuse will increase; former waste disposal sites will function as mines. Organic and GMO foodstuffs will become popular. Electric and hybrid cars will take over the markets. Environmental applications of gene- and nanotechnology will become widely used. Physical workplaces and strictly controlled working times will lose their importance; virtual offices and remote work become popular. Products will be produced to last, with renewable usage in mind, and repair and maintenance of products will become more common. Occupational health and safety issues are of paramount importance especially in bio-energy production, repair and maintenance work, as well as waste management. Especially nano- and biotechnology and hazardous chemicals require careful risk management; the precautionary principle is applied to them. Studies on a green economy and green jobs usually look very positively at the possibilities of creating new jobs through environmental policies. Employment estimates done in the past may

  10. Sheffield's Green Roof Forum: a multi-stranded programme of green roof infrastructure development for the UK's greenest city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sheffield, United Kingdom (UK) was the world centre for the steel and cutlery industries. However, those industries have been in decline and the city has been in the process of re-inventing itself over the past 20 years. Sheffield is now known as the UK's greenest city in terms of the amount of woodland, parkland and open spaces within its city limits. The city of Sheffield has also developed a unique partnership approach to promote green roof infrastructure as the most visible and high-profile signal of intent and symbol of low environmental impact building design and construction. This partnership involves Sheffield's Green Roof Forum, comprising the University of Sheffield's multi-disciplinary centre of excellence in green roof research; Sheffield City Council; Groundwork Sheffield, an urban economic and environmental regeneration agency; and city Architects and developers. This partnership meets six times a year to raise the profile of green roofs within the city and region, and to develop strategies to increase the uptake and implementation of green roof infrastructure in the region. This paper discussed the partnership, the Green Room Forum, accomplishments to date in promoting green roofs in the city, and the strategy for the Sheffield region to become a leader in green roof implementation and associated green technologies. The strategy is presented in two parts: consultation and research to identify the nature of market failure and devising methods to overcome that failure. The green roof strategy is being implemented through a program entitled Building Greener, Building Smarter and consists of four inter-linked strands. These strands were discussed in detail and included getting buy-in, demonstrating benefit, establishing the business case, and changing plans and practices. 3 tabs., 1 ref

  11. Building Student Trust in Online Learning Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ye Diana

    2014-01-01

    As online learning continues to gain widespread attention and thrive as a legitimate alternative to classroom instruction, educational institutions and online instructors face the challenge of building and sustaining student trust in online learning environments. The present study represents an attempt to address the challenge by identifying the…

  12. Olympic Spirit: Building Resiliency in Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United States Olympic Committee, Colorado Springs, CO.

    This activity guide accompanies a video designed to provide creative and engaging lessons to supplement classroom drug and violence prevention efforts. The materials are built around the excitement and motivating lessons and themes of the Olympic Games. The activity guide contains seven sections: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Building Resiliency"; (3)…

  13. Flip-a-Chip to Build Vocabulary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mountain, Lee

    2002-01-01

    Presents a word-game strategy that builds vocabulary and comprehension while motivating students. Concludes that activities like Flip-a-Chip (along with crossword puzzles and other forms of wordplay) have helped the author create a pleasantly literate environment in her classroom. (SG)

  14. Building America

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brad Oberg

    2010-12-31

    IBACOS researched the constructability and viability issues of using high performance windows as one component of a larger approach to building houses that achieve the Building America 70% energy savings target.

  15. Quantitative analysis on the urban flood mitigation effect by the extensive green roof system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, J Y; Moon, H J; Kim, T I; Kim, H W; Han, M Y

    2013-10-01

    Extensive green-roof systems are expected to have a synergetic effect in mitigating urban runoff, decreasing temperature and supplying water to a building. Mitigation of runoff through rainwater retention requires the effective design of a green-roof catchment. This study identified how to improve building runoff mitigation through quantitative analysis of an extensive green-roof system. Quantitative analysis of green-roof runoff characteristics indicated that the extensive green roof has a high water-retaining capacity response to rainfall of less than 20 mm/h. As the rainfall intensity increased, the water-retaining capacity decreased. The catchment efficiency of an extensive green roof ranged from 0.44 to 0.52, indicating reduced runoff comparing with efficiency of 0.9 for a concrete roof. Therefore, extensive green roofs are an effective storm water best-management practice and the proposed parameters can be applied to an algorithm for rainwater-harvesting tank design. PMID:23892044

  16. Creating a marketplace for green roofs in Chicago

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 2003, the Chicago Department of Planning and Development has been encouraging city developers to consider installing green roofs on buildings in Chicago, with the belief that this practice results in mitigation of the urban heat island effect, cleaner runoff leaving green roofs, sound attenuation, aesthetic value, oxygen production, and mitigation of carbon dioxide emissions. However, the benefits to developers, which include reduced stormwater runoff, extended roof life and energy savings, in total do not offset the first cost premium of a green roof. Despite this, and with no mandate requiring green roofs, the marketplace is growing. After seeing green roofs on a tour in Europe, the mayor of Chicago encouraged the first design and installation of a 20,300 square foot demonstration green roof in Chicago, and other city-sponsored pilot projects followed shortly after. Since then, the number of green roofs in Chicago has grown to over one million square feet. A map of Chicago showing locations of most of the projects was presented. It was suggested that lower prices for green roofs, higher energy costs and an inclination to invest in long-term strategies would accelerate the market. In an effort to engage the public in dialogue, the Department of Planning and Development held seminars to promote the benefits of green roofs . Participants had many questions about the applicability of green roofs to Chicago, expressing skepticism that Chicago's climate would provide the same benefits as in Europe. Other concerns were expressed regarding the devaluation of property values resulting from placing green roofs on buildings; doubts about roof leaks; maintenance practices; and, bugs and mold. Since the first cost premium of the system remains a question, most participants expressed interest in some kind of incentive program, but remained open-minded if benefits could be proved. 6 figs

  17. Solar building

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Luxin

    2014-01-01

    In my thesis I describe the utilization of solar energy and solar energy with building integration. In introduction it is also mentioned how the solar building works, trying to make more people understand and accept the solar building. The thesis introduces different types of solar heat collectors. I compared the difference two operation modes of solar water heating system and created examples of solar water system selection. I also introduced other solar building applications. It is conv...

  18. Establishing Green Roof Infrastructure Through Environmental Policy Instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Timothy; Fowler, Laurie

    2008-07-01

    Traditional construction practices provide little opportunity for environmental remediation to occur in urban areas. As concerns for environmental improvement in urban areas become more prevalent, innovative practices which create ecosystem services and ecologically functional land cover in cities will be in higher demand. Green roofs are a prime example of one of these practices. The past decade has seen the North American green roof industry rapidly expand through international green roof conferences, demonstration sites, case studies, and scientific research. This study evaluates existing international and North American green roof policies at the federal, municipal, and community levels. Green roof policies fall into a number of general categories, including direct and indirect regulation, direct and indirect financial incentives, and funding of demonstration or research projects. Advantages and disadvantages of each category are discussed. Salient features and a list of prompting standards common to successfully implemented green roof strategies are then distilled from these existing policies. By combining these features with data collected from an experimental green roof site in Athens, Georgia, the planning and regulatory framework for widespread green roof infrastructure can be developed. The authors propose policy instruments be multi-faceted and spatially focused, and also propose the following recommendations: (1) Identification of green roof overlay zones with specifications for green roofs built in these zones. This spatial analysis is important for prioritizing areas of the jurisdiction where green roofs will most efficiently function; (2) Offer financial incentives in the form of density credits and stormwater utility fee credits to help overcome the barriers to entry of the new technology; (3) Construct demonstration projects and institutionalize a commitment greening roofs on publicly-owned buildings as an effective way of establishing an educated

  19. Building 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the first volume of Building 2000, a pilot project of the Commission's R and D-programme 'Solar Energy Applications to Buildings' with the purpose of encouraging the adoption of solar architecture in large buildings. In this first rich illustrated volume the results of the design studies illustrating passive solar architecture in buildings in the European Community are presented in particular for the building categories as mentioned in the subtitle. In a second volume, a similar series of studies is presented for the building categories: office buildings, public buildings and hotels and holiday complexes. Several Design Support Workshops were organized during the Building 2000 programme during which Building 2000 design teams could directly exchange ideas with the various design advice experts represented at these workshops. In the second part of the Building 2000 final report a summary of a selection of many reports is presented (15 papers), as produced by Design Support experts. Most of the design support activities resulted in changes of the various designs, as have been reported by the design teams in the brochures presented in the first part of this book. It is to be expected that design aids and simulation tools for passive solar options, daylighting concepts, comfort criteria etc., will be utilized more frequently in the future. This will result in a better exchange of information between the actual design practitioners and the European R and D community. This technology transfer will result in buildings with a higher quality with respect to energy and environmental issues

  20. Effects of Physical Classroom Environment on the Literacy Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis of Teaching Writing Skill

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Zafar Iqbal; Mehmood Ul Hassan; Muhammad Qasim Ali

    2015-01-01

    Physical classroom environment plays a fundamental role in the academic success or failure of students and serves as a means to build the necessary basic skills for literacy development among students in a deliberate and intensive way. Physical classroom environment includes: a broad range of educational facilities, including: reading and writing materials, various types of equipment, physical settings, and instructional components. Many students come to classroom with exposure to literacy. S...