WorldWideScience

Sample records for classrooms green buildings

  1. Tribal Green Building Toolkit

    Science.gov (United States)

    This Tribal Green Building Toolkit (Toolkit) is designed to help tribal officials, community members, planners, developers, and architects develop and adopt building codes to support green building practices. Anyone can use this toolkit!

  2. Green space as classroom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentsen, Peter; Schipperijn, Jasper; Jensen, Frank Søndergaard

    2013-01-01

    More and more Danish teachers have started introducing curriculum-based outdoor learning as a weekly or biweekly ‘outdoor school’ day for school children. This move towards schooling in non-classroom spaces presents a challenge for green space managers. Basic managerial knowledge related to what...... the same place and preferring natural environments with easy access. We recommend that green space managers try to accommodate the ecostrategy preferred by outdoor teachers, i.e. visits to local and well-known places....

  3. Green Building Research Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sailor, David Jean [Portland State Univ., Portland, OR (United States)

    2013-12-29

    This project provided support to the Green Building Research Laboratory at Portland State University (PSU) so it could work with researchers and industry to solve technical problems for the benefit of the green building industry. It also helped to facilitate the development of PSU’s undergraduate and graduate-level training in building science across the curriculum.

  4. Green Buildings and Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Joseph G; MacNaughton, Piers; Laurent, Jose Guillermo Cedeno; Flanigan, Skye S; Eitland, Erika Sita; Spengler, John D

    2015-09-01

    Green building design is becoming broadly adopted, with one green building standard reporting over 3.5 billion square feet certified to date. By definition, green buildings focus on minimizing impacts to the environment through reductions in energy usage, water usage, and minimizing environmental disturbances from the building site. Also by definition, but perhaps less widely recognized, green buildings aim to improve human health through design of healthy indoor environments. The benefits related to reduced energy and water consumption are well-documented, but the potential human health benefits of green buildings are only recently being investigated. The objective of our review was to examine the state of evidence on green building design as it specifically relates to indoor environmental quality and human health. Overall, the initial scientific evidence indicates better indoor environmental quality in green buildings versus non-green buildings, with direct benefits to human health for occupants of those buildings. A limitation of much of the research to date is the reliance on indirect, lagging and subjective measures of health. To address this, we propose a framework for identifying direct, objective and leading "Health Performance Indicators" for use in future studies of buildings and health.

  5. Building the green way.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockwood, Charles

    2006-06-01

    Just five or six years ago, the term "green building" evoked visions of barefoot, tie-dyed, granola-munching denizens. There's been a large shift in perception. Of course, green buildings are still known for conserving natural resources by, for example, minimizing on-site grading, using alternative materials, and recycling construction waste. But people now see the financial advantages as well. Well-designed green buildings yield lower utility costs, greater employee productivity, less absenteeism, and stronger attraction and retention of workers than standard buildings do. Green materials, mechanical systems, and furnishings have become more widely available and considerably less expensive than they used to be-often cheaper than their standard counterparts. So building green is no longer a pricey experiment; just about any company can do it on a standard budget by following the ten rules outlined by the author. Reliable building-rating systems like the U.S. Green Building Council's rigorous Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program have done much to underscore the benefits of green construction. LEED evaluates buildings and awards points in several areas, such as water efficiency and indoor environmental quality. Other rating programs include the UK's BREEAM (Building Research Establishment's Environmental Assessment Method) and Australia's Green Star. Green construction is not simply getting more respect; it is rapidly becoming a necessity as corporations push it fully into the mainstream over the next five to ten years. In fact, the author says, the owners of standard buildings face massive obsolescence. To avoid this problem, they should carry out green renovations. Corporations no longer have an excuse for eschewing environmental and economic sustainability. They have at their disposal tools proven to lower overhead costs, improve productivity, and strengthen the bottom line.

  6. Green building performance assessments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsson, N. [Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

    1997-12-31

    A system for labelling buildings in a manner similar to product labelling already well established with respect to goods and materials in general, was proposed. The system envisaged would differ from existing labelling systems in that it would follow the principles incorporated into `Green Building Challenge `98`, (GBC`98) The GBC`98 is a two-year process of international building performance assessment, whose goal is to inform the international community of scientists, designers and builders about advances in green building performance. GBC`98 also aims to test and demonstrate an improved method for measuring building performance, establish international benchmarks for building performance while respecting regional and technical diversity, showcase `best-practice` examples of green buildings around the world, document successful elements in individual green buildings and offer direction to participating countries in the development of regionally sensitive assessment models. The genesis of GBC`98, its potential applications as a second generation tool for eco-labeling of buildings was summarized, along with a review of existing building performance assessment systems. 4 refs.

  7. Green buildings pay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naboni, Emanuele; Edwards, Brian

    2012-01-01

    The new edition of ‘Green Buildings Pay’ authored by Brian Edwards and Emanuele Naboni explores the business and professional benefits which derive from architectural design driven by sustainability. With a new sub-title ‘Green Buildings Pay: design, productivity and ecology’ the book argues...... or environmental thinking and this finds expression in new approaches to the design of building facades, roofs, atria. Another is that new software simulation tools have changed energy assumptions and hence building forms. In a fast evolving arena, the book shows how architects are reshaping their practices....... Branding via LEED and BREEAM has taken green ideas to China and other emerging economies. The globalization of sustainability and of architectural practice is an important strand of the new edition....

  8. INL Green Building Strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jennifer Dalton

    2005-05-01

    Green buildings, also known as sustainable buildings, resource efficient buildings, and high performance buildings, are structures that minimize the impact on the environment by using less energy and water, reducing solid waste and pollutants, and limiting the depletion of natural resources. As Idaho National Laboratory (INL) becomes the nation’s premier nuclear energy research laboratory, the physical infrastructure will be established to help accomplish the mission. This infrastructure, particularly the buildings, should incorporate green design features in order to be environmentally responsible and reflect an image of progressiveness and innovation to the public and prospective employees. With this in mind, the recommendations described in this strategy are intended to form the INL foundation for green building standards. The recommendations in this strategy are broken down into three levels: Baseline Minimum, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)Certification, and Innovative. Baseline Minimum features should be included in all new occupied buildings no matter what the purpose or size. These features do not require significant research, design, or capital costs and yet they can reduce Operation and Maintenance (O&M) costs and produce more environmentally friendly buildings. LEED Certification features are more aggressive than the Baseline Minimums in that they require documentation, studies, and/or additional funding. Combined with the Baseline Minimums, many of the features in this level will need to be implemented to achieve the goal of LEED certification. LEED Silver certification should be the minimum goal for all new buildings (including office buildings, laboratories, cafeterias, and visitor centers) greater than 25,000 square feet or a total cost of $10 million. Innovative features can also contribute to LEED certification, but are less mainstream than those listed in the previous two levels. These features are identified as areas where

  9. GREEN BUILDING CHALLENGE 2005

    OpenAIRE

    López de Asiaín, Jaime; Alvarez-Ude, Luis

    2005-01-01

    Green Building Challenge 2005 forma part d'un projecte de cooperació entre diferents països (més de 20 en l'actualitat) que té per objectiu el desenvolupament d'una metodologia d'avaluació del comportament ecològic dels edificis i els resultats se presentaran en una conferència internacional a celebrar a Tòquio (Japó) a la finals de l'any 2005: Sustainable Building 2005. Green Building Challenge 2005 forma parte de un proyecto de cooperación entre distintos países (más de 20 en la actualid...

  10. Green Roofs and Green Building Rating Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liaw

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The environmental benefits for green building from the Leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED and Ecology, Energy, Waste, and Health (EEWH rating systems have been extensively investigated; however, the effect of green roofs on the credit-earning mechanisms is relatively unexplored. This study is concerned with the environmental benefits of green roofs with respect to sustainability, stormwater control, energy savings, and water resources. We focused on the relationship between green coverage and the credits of the rating systems, evaluated the credits efficiency, and performed cost analysis. As an example, we used a university building in Keelung, Northern Taiwan. The findings suggest that with EEWH, the proposed green coverage is 50–75%, whereas with LEED, the proposed green coverage is 100%. These findings have implications for the application of green roofs in green building.

  11. Green building financing

    OpenAIRE

    Brunko, Pavlo

    2016-01-01

    The article is devoted to the problem of green buildings financing. It is noted that bank lending can be a major source of funds for construction. However, current trends in the economy of Ukraine shows that credit, especially lending to construction, is in poor condition. Accordingly, there is a need to explore the possibility of additional measures that can be applied to bringing financial resources into the construction.The author brings evidence in favor of feasibility of raising funds fo...

  12. Sustainable Development and Green Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arijit Sinha

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Global sustainability goals have led to the development of the green building movement. The Green Building Program, stemming from the movement, has had unprecedented success as it provides a quantifiable metric to people’s efforts towards sustainable development. Sustainable development and green buildings are often used interchangeably. Although, sustainable development and green buildings are related, they are not the same. This paper provides an overview of how green building relates to sustainable development practices. Sustainability also governs decisions concerning building materials. A comprehensive explanation of what constitutes a green building material is discussed and how renewable material like wood fare in the deciding criteria. There are many green building rating systems in place. United States Green Building Council administered Leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED is the global market leader in the rating systems. LEED is a commendable and grand effort in moving towards sustainable development by converting the built environment green. However, it does have certain pitfalls and challenges. Some of these challenges are with respect to policies on material selection and performance monitoring. The materials used in a project are considered at a common starting point and no consideration is given to the life cycle performance of the material. Statements concerning sustainability require validation, and Life Cycle Analysis (LCA is a tool that can provide such validity. This paper presents how beneficial it can be, when included, in the bigger scheme of green building rating systems and introduces an integrated design concept for green buildings.

  13. The green building envelope: vertical greening

    OpenAIRE

    Ottelé, M.

    2011-01-01

    Planting on roofs and façades is one of the most innovative and fastest developing fields of green technologies with respect to the built environment and horticulture. This thesis is focused on vertical greening of structures and to the multi-scale benefits of vegetation. Vertical green can improve the environment in urban areas and is becoming a key design consideration in modern building developments. Vertical greening of structures offers large surfaces with vegetation and at the same time...

  14. Specifying a green building

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cousins, F.; McGregor, A. [Ove Arup and Partners, (United States)

    1998-11-01

    The concept of a `green` building is defined as a building that works with, rather than in spite of, the local climate to minimize fossil fuel consumption. It minimizes water consumption and waste. It uses construction materials that have a long life, are non-toxic, and which require minimum energy to produce, deliver to the building site and install. It is sufficiently flexible to permit successive changes without major construction work. With this definition as the background, this paper concentrates on the reduction of fossil fuel energy consumption in commercial buildings, and the various means available to achieve it, such as natural ventilation, thermal storage, control of solar gain, maximizing the use of daylight for illumination, and passive and active solar energy collection. Also discussed are some of the reasons why some buildings fail to satisfy owners and occupants. A strategy involving performance-based contracting, elements of value engineering and occupant education to assure energy efficiency and owner/occupants satisfaction is presented. 15 refs.

  15. Green Roofs and Green Building Rating Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Liaw; Chao-Hsien

    2015-01-01

    The environmental benefits for green building from the Leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED) and Ecology, Energy, Waste, and Health (EEWH) rating systems have been extensively investigated; however, the effect of green roofs on the credit-earning mechanisms is relatively unexplored. This study is concerned with the environmental benefits of green roofs with respect to sustainability, stormwater control, energy savings, and water resources. We focused on the relationsh...

  16. A Green Building--The Good, the Bad, the Neutral

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDermott, Richard L.

    2010-01-01

    In 2010, it's good to be Green. In the stampede to sustainable design, there are probably some Green features that have not received a lot of scrutiny, and some that may not apply to all projects. The author happens to have joined an institution with one of the larger Green office/classrooms buildings in the U.S. The University of Texas Health…

  17. US green building conference - 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fanney, A.H.; Whitter, K.M.; Traugott, A.E.; Simon, L.N. [eds.

    1994-12-31

    This report constitutes the proceedings of the Green Building Conference held in Gaithersburg, Maryland, February 16-17, 1994. The conference was co-sponsored by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the US Green Building Council (USGBC). Over 450 individuals attended the conference representing building product manufacturers, building owners and managers, environmental groups, utilities, contractors, builders, architects, engineers, and the local, state, and the federal governments. The conference provided an opportunity to acquire practical, useful information on green buildings, resources, and guidelines. Eighteen papers were presented at the conference. Separate abstracts and indexing were prepared for each paper for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  18. It's Not Easy Building Green.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Joseph

    2003-01-01

    Discusses green buildings, facilities designed, constructed, and operated in an environmentally friendly and resource-efficient way. Discusses reasons for campuses to "go green," the "shades of green" or variations in environmental-friendliness, certification through the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system, financial…

  19. Summary of Green Building Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2002-08-01

    In early 2002, the National Association of Home Builders completed a census of residential green building programs across the United States to assess differences and similarities among programs. This report catalogs different ways that builders participate in residential green building programs.

  20. 77 FR 2296 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; the Green Building Advisory Committee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-17

    ... ADMINISTRATION Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; the Green Building Advisory Committee... provides the schedule for three teleconference meetings of the Green Building Advisory Committee (the..., Designated Federal Officer, Office of Federal High Performance Green Buildings, Office of...

  1. The NIST Green Building Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hill, J.E. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

    1994-12-31

    For over 2 decades, NIST has been involved in energy conservation programs. NIST`s current programs broadly span the areas from waste minimization to air, soil, water, indoor air quality, ozone depletion, and global warming. The latest endeavor NIST is undertaking is the {open_quotes}Green Building Program{close_quotes} in which NIST is at the forefront of designing buildings using environmentally safe materials. NIST`s program has two components. The laboratory-based activities involve NIST staff working directly with manufacturers and designers to develop technologies conducive to energy efficiency. The second component, demonstration buildings, includes environmentally safe buildings which are monuments to green technologies. These buildings not only demonstrate cost effectiveness and evaluate green technologies, they also identify new technologies needed to develop an effective green building.

  2. Green Building and School Construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiNola, Ralph; Guerra, Jerry

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the benefits of green, or high-performance, buildings, such as health and comfort, cost effectiveness, and sustainability. Explores the barriers to their use by schools--most notably cost. Offers suggestions on overcoming these barriers. (EV)

  3. Brief Discussion on Green Building Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Jia-wei; Sun, Jian

    2014-08-01

    With more and more emphasizes on the environment and resources, the concept of green buildings has been widely accepted. Building materials are vectors of architectures, only if green building materials and related technical means are used, can we construct green buildings to achieve the purpose of energy conservation and environmental protection. This paper introduces the relationship between green building materials and green buildings, the current situation of green building materials in China, as well as the measures to accelerate the development of green building materials.

  4. Future Green Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Brian Vad; Drysdale, David; Lund, Henrik

    Efficient buildings are essential for an affordable Danish energy supply in 2050. The purpose of this report is to describe the contribution and role of the building sector in a 100% renewable energy future, as well as the transitions that are necessary in the building sector to support this chan...

  5. Green Construction in Building Renovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ksit Barbara

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Modern materials and construction solutions draw more and more attention to ecology and building certification. Among the criteria appearing in revitalization, an important element is bringing plants back into heavily urbanized areas. In its natural form, this is not possible to carry out everywhere, often requiring large amounts of space. Nowadays, however, there are a number of green roofs and green wall systems, allowing “greener” construction without making significant changes in the urban environment.

  6. Green Construction in Building Renovation

    OpenAIRE

    Ksit Barbara; Majcherek Michał

    2016-01-01

    Modern materials and construction solutions draw more and more attention to ecology and building certification. Among the criteria appearing in revitalization, an important element is bringing plants back into heavily urbanized areas. In its natural form, this is not possible to carry out everywhere, often requiring large amounts of space. Nowadays, however, there are a number of green roofs and green wall systems, allowing “greener” construction without making significant changes in the urba...

  7. What makes a building green?[Green building design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zachariah, J.L.; Kennedy, C.; Pressnail, K. [University of Toronto (Canada). Dept. of Civil Engineering

    2002-07-01

    The terms 'sustainable architecture', 'green building' and 'ecological design' have emerged, along with a host of similar permutations, in recent practice as environmentally friendly modes of design, construction and operation geared towards producing healthy enduring communities. However, the terms are still vague and lead to much ambiguity in their implementation. This paper consolidates the current foci of sustainable architecture through a review of several projects and institutional guidelines that are geared towards achieving sustainability in the built environment. A contemporary checklist of desirable design strategies and building practices for a green building is presented. Consideration is given to attempts at ranking the importance of these strategies. While it is concluded that the implementation of green building design cannot be prescriptive, the checklist is intended to be an awareness-raising tool that provides the foundation for greater innovation in the designer's approach to building projects. The concept of a 'healing building' is proposed as perhaps the next level of sustainable architecture. (author)

  8. Green building: sustainable building quality; Green Building: nachhaltige Gebaeudequalitaet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Staub, R.

    2010-07-01

    This article takes a look at the 'Portikon' office building near Zurich, Switzerland, that meets the 'Minergie-P' very low energy consumption requirements. The author is of the opinion that the project can be seen as a reference project for sustainable building technology. The structure of the seven-storey building with a central atrium is described and discussed. The 'Minergie-P' energy concept is discussed, as are the 1,100 square meters of photovoltaic panels on the roof of the building. Heating energy is provided by Zurich's waste incineration plant nearby. Electro-biological aspects in the building are taken care of by appropriate earthing and shielding of cables. The building's facility management system and the installations used are briefly discussed.

  9. Green Construction in Building Renovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ksit, Barbara; Majcherek, Michał

    2016-06-01

    Modern materials and construction solutions draw more and more attention to ecology and building certification. Among the criteria appearing in revitalization, an important element is bringing plants back into heavily urbanized areas. In its natural form, this is not possible to carry out everywhere, often requiring large amounts of space. Nowadays, however, there are a number of green roofs and green wall systems, allowing "greener" construction without making significant changes in the urban environment. The article includes a presentation and analysis of selected solutions of biological surfaces known as green roofs and green walls, specifying various solutions and their most important features. The case study focuses primarily on material and design solutions, as well as the potential benefits, risks and limitations in their use. Plants structures on the surfaces of vertical and horizontal partitions continue to be a very interesting alternative to take into account when applying for grants, such as LEED or BREEAM certificates.

  10. National Green Building Standard Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2012-07-01

    DOE's Building America Program is a research and development program to improve the energy performance of new and existing homes. The ultimate goal of the Building America Program is to achieve examples of cost-effective, energy efficient solutions for all U.S. climate zones. Periodic maintenance of an ANSI standard by review of the entire document and action to revise or reaffirm it on a schedule not to exceed five years is required by ANSI. In compliance, a consensus group has once again been formed and the National Green Building Standard is currently being reviewed to comply with the periodic maintenance requirement of an ANSI standard.

  11. Fire safety challenges of green buildings

    CERN Document Server

    Meacham, Brian; Echeverria, Juan; Cheng, Raymond

    2013-01-01

    Environmental concerns and advances in architectural technologies have lead to a greater number of green buildings or buildings with green, eco-friendly elements. However, from a practical standpoint, there is no incident reporting system in the world that tracks data on fire incidents in green buildings. Fire safety objectives are not explicitly considered in most green rating schemes, and green design features have been associated with photovoltaic panels and roof materials, lightweight timber frame buildings, and combustible insulation materials. Fire Safety Challenges of Green Buildings is

  12. 78 FR 21368 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... ADMINISTRATION Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee... provides the schedule and agenda for the May 1, 2013, meeting of the Green Building Advisory Committee... Green Buildings, Office of Government-wide Policy, General Services Administration, 1275 First Street...

  13. 77 FR 66616 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-06

    ... ADMINISTRATION Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee... provides the schedule and agenda for the November 27, 2012, meeting of the Green Building Advisory... High-Performance Green Buildings, Office of Government-wide Policy, General Services...

  14. 77 FR 24494 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... ADMINISTRATION Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee... and agenda for the May 9, 2012, meeting of the Green Building Advisory Committee Meeting (the... Sandler, Designated Federal Officer, Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings, Office...

  15. Green Buildings in Use: Post Occupancy Evaluations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Chris

    2007-01-01

    This article briefly describes users' experiences of two "green" education buildings. It goes on to conclude that stakeholders' negotiation of building performance is necessary to minimise environmental impact, just as it is necessary to achieve other aspects of building performance.

  16. 78 FR 56703 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ... ADMINISTRATION Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee..., 2013, meeting of the Green Building Advisory Committee Meeting (the Committee) and the schedule for a... CONTACT: Ken Sandler, Designated Federal Officer, ] Office of Federal High-Performance Green...

  17. The green building envelope: vertical greening

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ottelé, M.

    2011-01-01

    Planting on roofs and façades is one of the most innovative and fastest developing fields of green technologies with respect to the built environment and horticulture. This thesis is focused on vertical greening of structures and to the multi-scale benefits of vegetation. Vertical green can improve

  18. Green roofs and the LEED green building rating system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kula, R. [Sustainable Solutions Inc., Wagoner, OK (United States)

    2005-07-01

    The sustainable building industry is becoming increasingly aware of the host of public and private benefits that green roofs can provide in built environments. In dense urban environments, green roofs function to reduce stormwater runoff, urban heat island effects, and particulate matter (PM) pollution. The emerging green roof industry is now poised to support the efforts of green building networks in North America. This paper discussed the general benefits of green roofs, and their recognition within the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System. A case study of Mountain Equipment Co-op's Winnipeg site was presented. The building's green roof was directly responsible for earning 5 credits and contributing to the achievement of an additional 2 credits under the LEEDS certification process. Credits were earned for reduced site disturbance; landscape design to reduce heat islands; and water efficiency. The green roof at the site provided the vast majority of the building's cooling needs through an evaporative cooling trough. A photovoltaic pump was used to feed the building's irrigation system, as well as to pump ground water through cooling valances. It was concluded that the rise of sustainable building practices and the LEED Green Building Rating System will revolutionize the way new buildings are constructed.

  19. Evaluation of green roof characteristics in green building assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekulić Mirjana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Methodology of building evaluation based on green building characteristics is rapidly gaining momentum, mainly in foreign, but also in domestic building practice. This methodology is being carried out through different Green Building Certification Systems, which are complex evaluation mechanisms based on numerous criteria of sustainability, addressing both ecological issues, but also economic and social ones. Green roof represents one of the 'must have' features of contemporary buildings aiming to gain green label. This paradigm is based on their numerous characteristics which contribute to different aspects of building sustainability, among which are savings in energy and water consumption, but also ecological balance and quality of built environment. Criteria used for evaluation of green roof solutions and their overall contribution to the building, are integral part of all of the mentioned certification systems, but the way they are structured and formulated inside each system varies significantly, hence causing differences in evaluation results. This paper presents the analysis of green roof related criteria of three characteristic green building certification systems: LEED, BREEAM and CASBEE. These systems are chosen primarily because of the different evaluation methodology, but also because of their market prevalence and perspectives of usage in the domestic practice. Conclusions driven from these analyses and comparisons provide insight into main aspect of green roof planning and construction which are relevant for the overall building sustainability assessment.

  20. Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorsey, William [Jackson Park Hospital Foundation, Chicago, IL (United States); Vasquez, Nelson [Jackson Park Hospital Foundation, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2010-05-01

    Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago's recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work.

  1. Green Building Rating Systems: An Overview

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gowri, Krishnan

    2004-11-01

    Several green building rating systems have been developed to objectively evaluate energy and environmental performance that spans the broad spectrum of sustainability. This column is intended to help designers understand the structure of rating systems and tools in general, and discuss the design criteria and documentation requirements for obtaining LEED green building rating.

  2. Parameters of Upgrading Existing Building into a Green Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrs. Rupali Kapure

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Before turning to specific programs for upgrading buildings, it’s important to understand the market dynamics of greening existing buildings. From a macroeconomic perspective, energy efficiency upgrades represent the most cost-effective way to meet growing energy demands. From a microeconomic perspective, recent studies have shown that energy-efficient and certified green buildings merit higher market values, greater rents, and higher occupancies. From a corporate sustainability viewpoint, greening existing buildings is a direct way to reduce a company’s carbon footprint. As a result, corporate real estate managers in the United States have begun to decide in favour of greening both owned and leased buildings, seeing many economic benefits from this switch. Green buildings offer many marketing benefits for building owners and tenants, including opportunities for creating new green “brands” and also “future-proofing” their real estate against both future energy price increases and also value erosion as the trend toward green buildings continues to grow. Marketing benefits will vary by geographic location, building and tenant type, and other factors, but they are present in all privately owned real estate.

  3. Analisa Life Cycle Cost pada Green Building Diamond Building Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Trixy Firsani; Christiono Utomo

    2012-01-01

    Mengingat kenyataan bahwa seluruh emisi CO2 yang ada di dunia lebih dari sepertiganya dihasilkan oleh bangunan[1], maka dibutuhkan suatu antispasi untuk mengeliminir akan fakta tersebut, yaitu melalui penerapan suatu konsep bangunan ramah lingkungan atau biasa disebut dengan konsep green building. Salah satu bangunan yang mengadopsi konsep green building tersebut adalah Diamond Building Malaysia. Bangunan ini menghabiskan biaya yang relatif tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan biaya pada pembangun...

  4. Green building environmental control: A case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gottfried, D.A.; Schoichet, E.A. [Gottfried Technology, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States); Hart, M. [McParlane and Associates, Inc., San Diego, CA (United States)

    1997-02-01

    This article presents an overview of the City of San Diego`s Ridgehaven Green Building Demonstration Project. While there is no formal definition of green building, the term implies a structure that is friendlier to its occupants and to the environment and is more resource efficient. What this meant for this project will be brought out in the following discussion. The purpose of this article is to show the numerous successes at Ridgehaven, to provide others with insights on how to approach a green renovation project, and to present some of the difficulties that can be encountered.

  5. Successful Strategies for Planning a Green Building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browning, William D.

    2003-01-01

    Presents several strategies for successful green building on campus: develop a set of clear environmental performance goals (buildings as pedagogical tools, climate-neutral operations, maximized human performance), use Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) as a gauge of performance, and use the project to reform the campus building…

  6. Assessing the future of green building

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Raymond J.

    2005-04-01

    As the realities of resource depletion and global environmental degradation become more evident, we can anticipate a maturing and strengthening of the public's concern and knowledge on environmental issues. This will translate into an expectation for greater environmental responsibility and, as with other sectors, the building industry will be increasingly scrutinized for its environmental actions. The adoption of environmental strategies has been accelerated by the emergence of building environmental assessment methods that have provided both a definition and common language for green buildings as well as a means of communicating performance improvements. Whereas the current focus is on ``green'' design-reducing or mitigating the environmental consequences of buildings-the future concerns will embrace mitigation, adaptation to the new conditions and restoring previous adversely impacted regions and human settlements. This presentation will provide an overview of the evolution of green building practices to set a context for understanding emerging issues in building acoustics. Since the adoption of green building practices is a function of the context that shapes political and public priorities, the presentation compares and contrasts several short and long-term scenarios some certain, others more speculative and their direct and indirect consequences for environmental progress building design.

  7. Green Era Should Herald Smarter Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Scott

    2008-01-01

    In the past two decades, the most elite and ambitious colleges have commissioned buildings by "starchitects" for notoriety. However, people live in a green era now and there is a need for a new kind of star architecture to go with it, one in which the building is a star for its efficiency as well as its elegance. The new star architecture would…

  8. Energy Aspects of Green Buildings - International Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauskale, L.; Geipele, I.; Zeltins, N.; Lecis, I.

    2016-12-01

    At present, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is one of the main environmental priorities globally, and implementation of sustainability aspects in the construction industry, including energy aspects, is of major importance for long-term environmental development, as buildings have a long life cycle and require many resources both for construction and operation periods. The aim of the research is to analyse energy aspects of green buildings. The results of research show that the construction of green buildings can significantly result in energy savings and has other benefits for different market participants. Future research directions have been identified as well.

  9. 76 FR 35894 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Establishment of the Green Building Advisory...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-20

    ...] Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Establishment of the Green Building Advisory...: Notice. SUMMARY: GSA announces the establishment of the Green Building Advisory Committee (the Committee... strategic plans, products and activities of the Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings...

  10. Analisa Life Cycle Cost pada Green Building Diamond Building Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trixy Firsani

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Mengingat kenyataan bahwa seluruh emisi CO2 yang ada di dunia lebih dari sepertiganya dihasilkan oleh bangunan[1], maka dibutuhkan suatu antispasi untuk mengeliminir akan fakta tersebut, yaitu melalui penerapan suatu konsep bangunan ramah lingkungan atau biasa disebut dengan konsep green building. Salah satu bangunan yang mengadopsi konsep green building tersebut adalah Diamond Building Malaysia. Bangunan ini menghabiskan biaya yang relatif tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan biaya pada pembangunan konvensional. Namun, dengan konsep green building yang memfokuskan pada pengefisiensi energi sepanjang siklus hidup proyek, penerapan konsep tersebut tentunya akan berbalik menjadi suatu keuntungan yang berkesinambungan pada biaya operasionalnya. Oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan suatu studi analisa Life Cycle Cost untuk melihat seberapa besar biaya yang dikeluarkan oleh suatu bangunan berkonsep green building selama periode yang ditetapkan. Dalam melakukan analisa Life Cycle Cost dibutuhkan biaya-biaya yang relevan, antara lain Biaya Awal, Biaya Operasional dan Perawatan, Biaya Energi, Biaya Penggantian, dan Nilai Sisa. Analisa dilakukan dengan menggunakan Present Worth Methode, dimana periode analisa ditentukan selama 10 tahun. Dari hasil analisa Life Cycle Cost dengan kategori biaya yang terdiri dari Biaya Awal, Biaya Energi, Biaya Operasional dan Pemeliharaan, serta Biaya Penggantian, diperoleh total biaya siklus Diamond Building Malaysia adalah sebesar RM 235.096.883atau sebesar Rp 759.290.649.000. Jika memasukkan Nilai Sisa dalam kategori biaya Life Cycle Cost tersebut, total biaya hidup Diamond Building menjadi RM 186.646.883 atau sebesar Rp 559.940.649.000.

  11. Papers of the green building opportunities summit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This conference focused on developing strategies and opportunities for sustainable development in residential and commercial buildings. Current environmental policies were examined, as well as rating systems, conservation standards and green building codes and regulations. Design practices and construction processes were also presented, with case studies of significant buildings that incorporated green building practices. Market demand and supply issues were also a focus, including the priorities of local government. An examination of global practices in sustainable building was presented. Details of recent developments in the private sector and new trends in resource management were also given. The conference featured 14 presentations, of which 6 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. refs., tabs., figs.

  12. Demystifying green buildings through green building issues, case studies and resources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simon, L.N.

    1996-05-01

    Information and research on sustainability, energy and environmental efficiency, and {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} technologies and products is emerging at a rapid rate. Worldwide, organizations are developing green databases, resource guides, standards, specifications, videos, assessment methods, and research tools to educate the building industry, non-profit organizations, governmental agencies, and the general public. Learning what information is available, knowing where to locate the resources, and accessing this information is the first step in designing and building green buildings. The American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) describes green buildings as residential, industrial and commercial structures that are designed, constructed, renovated, operated, and reused in an environmentally and energy-efficient manner. Specifically, green buildings aim to lessen their global impact through energy and resource efficiency, to provide good indoor environmental and air quality, to assure occupant health and productivity, to encourage efficient modes of transportation, and to improve the site where they are located. These concepts need to be addressed not as a single issue, however, but in an integrated approach. Green designers and builders recognize that a decision made in one area often affects decisions made in others. Ideally, green building concepts are applied throughout the {open_quotes}whole building{close_quotes}, and over its entire life cycle. Below is a list of green building resources organized by the life cycle of a green building, beginning with their Significance, and including Site Design, Building Design, Construction Process, Building Management and Operations & Maintenance. The resources include books, newsletters, sourcebooks, government publications, and electronic tools.

  13. Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

    2010-03-31

    Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago's recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work. The new green building houses the hospital's Family Medicine Residency Program and Specialty Medical Offices. The residency program has been vital in attracting new, young physicians to this medically underserved area. The new outpatient center will also help to allure needed medical providers to the community. The facility also has areas designated to women's health and community education. The Community Education Conference Room will provide learning opportunities to area residents. Emphasis will be placed on conserving resources and protecting our environment, as well as providing information on healthcare access and preventive medicine. The new Medical Office Building was constructed with numerous energy saving features. The exterior cladding of the building is an innovative, locally-manufactured precast concrete panel system with integral insulation that achieves an R-value in excess of building code requirements. The roof is a 'green roof' covered by native plantings, lessening the impact solar heat gain on the building, and reducing air conditioning requirements. The windows are low-E, tinted, and insulated to reduce cooling requirements in summer and heating requirements in winter. The main entrance has an air lock to prevent unconditioned air from entering the building and impacting interior air temperatures. Since much of the traffic in and out of the office building comes from the adjacent Jackson Park Hospital, a pedestrian bridge connects the two

  14. Green building performance prediction/assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Papamichael, Konstantinos

    2000-02-01

    To make decisions, building designers need to predict and assess the performance of their ideas with respect to various criteria, such as comfort, esthetics, energy, environmental impact, economics, etc. Performance prediction with respect to environmental impact requires complicated models and massive computations, which are usually possible only through computer-based tools. This paper focuses on the use of computer-based tools for predicting and assessing building performance with respect to environmental impact criteria for the design of green buildings. It contains analyses of green performance prediction/assessment and descriptions of available tools, along with discussions on their use by different types of users. Finally, it includes analyses of the cost and benefits of green performance prediction and assessment.

  15. The Productivity Paradox in Green Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugh Byrd

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we challenge the notion that “green” buildings can achieve greater productivity than buildings that are not accredited as “green”. For nearly two decades, research has produced apparent evidence which indicates that the design of a “green” building can enhance the productivity of its occupants. This relationship between building design and productivity is claimed to be achieved through compliance with internal environmental quality (IEQ criteria of Green rating tools. This paper reviews methods of measuring productivity and the appropriateness of the metrics used for measuring IEQ in office environments. This review is supported by the results of a survey of office building users which identifies social factors to be significantly more important than environmental factors in trying to correlate productivity and IEQ. It also presents the findings of observations that were discretely carried out on user-response in green buildings. These findings demonstrate that, despite a building’s compliance with IEQ criteria, occupants still resort to exceptional measures to alter their working environment in a bid to achieve comfort. The work has been carried out on “green” buildings in New Zealand. These buildings are rated based on the NZ “Green Star” system which has adopted the Australian “green star” system with its roots in BREEAM. Despite this, the results of this research are applicable to many other “green” rating systems. The paper concludes that methods of measuring productivity are flawed, that IEQ criteria for building design is unrepresentative of how occupants perceive the environment and that this can lead to an architecture that has few of the inherent characteristics of good environmental design.

  16. Peer Effects and Voluntary Green Building Certification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yueming Qiu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Empirical evidence is provided to show that peer effects have statistically significant and positive impacts on the diffusion of green building certificates. Application and approval records of green certificates by commercial buildings in NY and AZ are used. The challenge of self-selection is addressed by the usage of fixed effects and the challenge of reflection is addressed by the time lag delay between a building’s application and its approval. Empirical results show that an additional approved LEED certificate within a zip code will increase the probability of a commercial building in the same zip code to apply for a LEED certificate by 3–4 percentage points; an additional approved Energy Star certificate within a zip code will increase the probability of a commercial building in the same zip code to apply for an Energy Star certificate by 1–2 percentage points.

  17. The European GreenBuilding Projects Catalogue 2014

    OpenAIRE

    BERTOLDI PAOLO; Cuniberti, Barbara; De Luca, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    In 2005 the European Commission launched the GreenBuilding Programme (GBP). GreenBuilding is a voluntary programme aiming at improving the energy efficiency of non-residential buildings in Europe on voluntary basis. The programme addresses owners of non-residential buildings to realise cost-effective measures which enhance the energy efficiency of their buildings in one or more technical services. The programme covers both existing and new buildings. The GreenBuilding Programme reached its 8t...

  18. Ten questions concerning green buildings and indoor air quality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinemann, Anne; Wargocki, Pawel; Rismanchi, Behzad

    2017-01-01

    This paper investigates the concern that green buildings may promote energy efficiency and other aspects of sustainability, but not necessarily the health and well-being of occupants through better indoor air quality (IAQ). We ask ten questions to explore IAQ challenges for green buildings as well...... as opportunities to improve IAQ within green buildings and their programs. Our focus is on IAQ, while recognizing that many factors influence human health and the healthfulness of a building. We begin with an overview of green buildings, IAQ, and whether and how green building certifications address IAQ. Next, we...... questions, that can help green buildings to more effectively promote IAQ. This article supports a growing recognition of the importance of IAQ in green buildings, and the opportunities for improvements. As the World Green Building Council [95] and others have emphasized, people are the most valuable asset...

  19. Peran Green Building dalam Upaya Meningkatkan Kualitas Lingkungan Binaan

    OpenAIRE

    Baharuddin

    2012-01-01

    Presentasi ini menjelaskan tentang peran green building dalam meningkatkan kualitas lingkungan. Lebih detail menjelaskan tentang peran green building dalam lima aspek: lokasi dan site, efisiensi air, energi, material, dan kualitas lingkungan dalam ruangan

  20. Research on the integrated design strategy of green building

    OpenAIRE

    Wang Yang; Zhang Ping Qing

    2016-01-01

    With the increasingly serious environmental problems, energy saving and environmental protection of the green building began to have people’s attention, and gradually become the development trend of future building, which came into being green building integrated design. How to apply the integrated design theory of green building to the concrete architectural design practice is a question that designers must seriously think about. This paper expounds the integrated design concept of green bui...

  1. Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doris, E.

    2011-09-01

    This document is adapted from a memo and report delivered to the City Council of New Orleans, the office of the Mayor of New Orleans, the Chairperson of the Citizen Stakeholders Group (New Orleans Energy Task Force) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Project Officer in 2008. The report outlines ideas for and potential impacts of various green building policies in New Orleans in the years following Hurricane Katrina.

  2. 'To Boldly Go...' Building a Virtual Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    vandeVen, Ryan W.; Meurders, Mary F. E.

    2008-01-01

    The concept of a Exploration-Based Learning Environment has recently been introduced into the argument that technology can put students back into the field of real learning. IPN has set foot there, where no school has gone before, by actually building a Virtual Classroom.This paper is about our first step towards the Virtual Classroom: Experience-Based Learning by simulations. A field study on the processes involved when going from a regular educational setting to using simulations as part of the educational was done. We discuss eventual pitfalls and the role changes in education for both teacher and pupil, the importance of understanding the psychological process that the pupil goes through and the consequences this has for the guiding staff. Changes are not only necessary to keep up with the change but also to break through the vicious circle of what we call the trend of "Spectacle and Boredom" in education.

  3. Dealing with Difference: Building Culturally Responsive Classrooms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Burridge

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Australia continues to develop as a multicultural society with levels of immigration increasing significantly over recent years as a result of government policies. More recently, the new period of financial turmoil, continuing threats from terrorism and environmental concerns, have all exacerbated the challenges of dealing with difference in our society. In response, schools continue to face the challenges of the impact of a range of different cultures, languages and religions among their student and school communities. How effectively schools deal with difference and how well they are supported in their endeavours to build culturally response classrooms is a perennial issue for both teachers and educators. A major challenge for teachers is to at a minimum, understand cultural differences as they manifest in their particular school settings and to draw on approaches that support student learning in culturally appropriate ways so to assist them to better realise their full potential. In this paper we will consider cultural diversity in the context of recent school policies, highlight a number of frameworks for addressing cultural diversity in the classroom, in particular the approaches by Kalantzis and Cope’s (1999 and Hickling-Hudson (2003. We also draw on the findings from a recent qualitative study of representations of cultural diversity in a number of Sydney metropolitan schools to discuss the need for more greater resource and policy support for progressive teaching approaches that support the development of a more tolerant and inclusive multicultural society. Key words: cultural diversity, schools, teacher education, classroom practice, social inclusion

  4. Effective evaluation of green building technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sawers, J. [Reid Crowther and Partners Ltd., Calgary, AB (Canada)

    1998-12-01

    A proposed green building technology evaluation model is described. The model was developed as result of the inability of traditional evaluation techniques such as pay-back period, net present value and life cycle cost, to deal effectively with the intangible benefits of green technologies. Unlike traditional tools which are primarily financial in nature, the proposed model is based on a model developed in the Information Technology (IT) industry. It extends the concept of `benefit` to include a wide range of factors that affect a system`s business value. It also extends the concept of `cost` to include an evaluation of risk. The model considers nine criteria divided into two groups: business criteria and technology criteria. Business criteria encompass economic impact, strategic alignment, competitive advantage, improved management information, competitive risk, and organizational risk. The technological criteria comprise strategic architecture, definition uncertainty, and infrastructure risk. Assignment of weights to each of these criteria is somewhat subjective, but subjectivity can be overcome by the consistent use of good judgment. The green building technologies model draws on both the IT model and the value management concept (i.e. `value to a client within a particular context`). The model provides for the use of a value hierarchy to establish and weigh decision criteria; it expands the definition of project `costs` and `benefits`, and provides a decision matrix and sensitivity analysis. 6 refs., 4 figs.

  5. A Facilities Manager's Guide to Green Building Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Walter

    2001-01-01

    Explains how the "green building" approach to educational facilities design creates healthy, naturally lit, attractive buildings with lower operating and life cycle costs. Tips on getting started on a green design and overcoming the barriers to the green design concept are discussed. (GR)

  6. Research on the integrated design strategy of green building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Yang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With the increasingly serious environmental problems, energy saving and environmental protection of the green building began to have people’s attention, and gradually become the development trend of future building, which came into being green building integrated design. How to apply the integrated design theory of green building to the concrete architectural design practice is a question that designers must seriously think about. This paper expounds the integrated design concept of green building and integration methods from the connotation of green building design, and puts forward the integrated design strategy in the green building design concept in theory and practical application, in order to provide reference to the designers or managers.

  7. Penilaian Kriteria Green Building pada Gedung Teknik Sipil ITS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aristia A. Putri

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Green building merupakan suatu konsep bangunan ramah lingkungan yang sudah menjadi perhatian khusus di berbagai negara dan mulai diterapkan di Indonesia. Konsep Green Building merupakan salah satu upaya penghematan energi yang dapat diterapkan pada suatu gedung. Penulisan Tugas Akhir ini dilakukan untuk mengukur  rating/sertifikasi sebagai tolak ukur sudah sejauh mana tingkat green building gedung-gedung di ITS, dengan cara melakukan pengukuran langsung, yang dilakukan oleh peneliti berdasarkan kriteria standar nasional (Greenship-GBCI.  Namun penelitian hanya dilakukan pada beberapa kriteria green building. Hasil dari penelitian ini berupa pengukuran kriteria green building sesuai standar Greenship dan penilaian  rating sertifikasi green building pada Gedung Teknik Sipil ITS yang kemudian akan menjadi tolak ukur tersendiri untuk kedepan nya. Dalam hasil penelitian  terlihat bahwa Gedung Teknik Sipil ITS sudah memenuhi beberapa standar kriteria green building yang tercantum pada Greenship, namun masih ada juga kriteria-kriteria green building yang belum diterapkan ataupun terpenuhi.  Konsep Green Building inipun sebaiknya dilakukan sejak awal perencanaan, namun hal ini tidak menutup kemungkinan untuk meningkatkan kualitas green building pada Gedung Teknik Sipil ITS ke depannya

  8. Building Momentum: National Trends and Prospects for High-Performance Green Buildings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003

    This report is an outgrowth of the Green Building Roundtable of the U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works held in conjunction with the U.S. Green Building Council on April 24, 2002. The roundtable brought together diverse interests to educate members of Congress on green building trends and generated discussion about the economic…

  9. Ozone removal by green building materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoang, Chi P.; Kinney, Kerry A.; Corsi, Richard L. [Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station (C1786), Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

    2009-08-15

    Interest in finding out passive ways to keep the variation in the indoor climate within the comfort zone is gaining in popularity. One possible solution is the use of the moisture-buffering property of materials. In this study, the effects of the ventilation system and moisture-buffering properties of the building fabric on the stability of the indoor temperature and humidity are analysed by means of long-term field measurements. Indoor climate measurements were carried out in 170 detached houses (248 rooms). Temperature and relative humidity were measured continuously in bedrooms and living rooms at one-hour intervals over a one-year period. In general, it may be concluded that in this study, the ventilation had a greater effect on the indoor climate than the properties of the building fabric. The dampening effect of hygroscopic materials was remarkably less in the field measurements than it was in simulations in different studies. This indicates that completely non-hygroscopic and fully hygroscopic houses do not exist in reality. The hygroscopic mass of furniture, textiles, etc. is probably a factor that plays a significant role in indoor humidity, as do real air change rates, including window airing. Simulation tools need to be modified in order to be able also to handle furniture, textiles, and books, etc. (author) There is a rapidly expanding market for green building materials. Such materials are intended to be environmentally friendly, with such characteristics as low toxicity, minimal chemical emissions, ability to be recycled, and durability. In addition, green materials often contain recycled and/or bio-based contents. Consequently, some green materials may undergo significant oxidation with potential for reduction of indoor ozone. In this study, 48-L electro-polished stainless steel chambers were used to study the reactive consumption of ozone by ten common green wall, flooring, ceiling, and cabinetry materials (perlite-based ceiling tile, unglazed

  10. New Construction for Commercial Building (Restaurant) By Considering The Green Building Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    MF Baharom; Ahmad, K.; M. N. M. Nasir; W.M Bukhari; H.I. Jaafar

    2015-01-01

    The Green Building Index (GBI) is one of green building strategies that are needed in order to decrease the human technologies and waste made by them. Moreover, GBI is the latest green building strategies that been implemented in the new building construction in Malaysia. It is proven as the building sector consumes 40% of the total energy consumption in the world, thus increasing the environmental problems. Mechanical, cooling, lighting and ventilating spaces consume by far the most energy i...

  11. Going Green: Managing a Paperless Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Bonis, Susan; De Bonis, Nick

    2011-01-01

    The LMS (learning management system) at many schools for delivering, tracking and managing education relies on TEL (technology-enhanced learning), what Nichols called "pedagogy empowered by digital technology" (Nichols, 2008). It includes the "paperless classroom" in traditional (not online) classes in which faculty and students exchange…

  12. Thermal and acoustic environmental requirements for green buildings in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreenivasaiah Purushothama Rao

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Passive design concepts as a strategy for achieving energy efficiency as well as optimum indoor thermal comfort in workspaces are being increasingly applied with the increased awareness of Green Buildings. The challenging task for the building designers in the hot-humid tropics is the provision of indoor thermal comfort for the occupants of the building while reducing energy consumption in the office spaces. Acoustic quality is also an important element in ensuring a healthy working environment. One of the aims of a green building is to minimise its impact on health and performance of the occupants of the building. This has been emphasized in most green building rating systems under requirements for Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ, highlighting the four main points for achieving an improved indoor environment, viz., indoor air quality, acoustics, visual comfort (lighting and thermal comfort. Although acoustics was mentioned in the IEQ criteria, according to previous surveys and studies acoustic quality in green buildings are not improving. Acoustics performance is bound to be relegated unless it is considered early in design stage. This paper makes an attempt at how green building design strategies contribute to the degradation of acoustical environment in green office buildings. The design strategies implemented to cater for green building requirements such as provision of natural ventilation, daylight, reduction of finishes and office layout leads to an unintended decrease in the acoustical quality. This needs to be addressed and corrected by the building professionals.

  13. Integrating Sustainable Construction Materials to Achieve Green Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelmajeed H. Kasassbeh

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Green buildings integrate building materials and methods that promote environmental quality, economic vitality and social benefits through the design, construction and operation of the built environment. This study demonstrates potential actions including material selection that can be implemented to achieve green building. Also, we discuss the importance and environmental impact of sustainable material, the selection criteria of these materials and the different types of sustainable materials in the buildings construction in Jordan.

  14. Key Practice for Green Building Management In Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aghili Nasim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper identifies the management practices for green building management in Malaysia. A set of practices was ascertained from the reviewed of various established Green Building Standard in the world. Green building practices are significant role in attaining sustainability particularly in the construction industry. Green building is constructed for minimizing impacts to environment as well as decreasing building effects on occupants. To achieve the goals of green buildings, set of management practices is required. A comprehensive review on the world green building standards that include the criteria of “management” has been carried out. The results of the content analysis have identified a total of five clusters of practices that found important for effective management of green building in Malaysia. These including Sustainable Procurement, Sustainable Operation, Resource Management, Repair and Maintenance Management, and Environmental Health. Each cluster of management practice composed of few activities. The identification of the set of practices contributes to the effective and efficient operation of green building in advancing the sustainability agenda, hence decreasing building’s operating costs and realising increase in return of investment.

  15. ASTM residential green building standard guide development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howard, B.D. [Building Environmental Science and Technology, Upper Marlboro, MD (United States); Reed, W. [Hillier Group, Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-12-31

    The authors have led development of a Standard Guide for Residential Green Buildings through the consensus process of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). The voluntary guidance document has been processed through two public peer reviews in ASTM`s E-50.06 sub-committee on the environment. The guide`s purpose is to present general criteria for home builders, residential designers and developers on how to systematically approach the creation of a green home--from the design phase on through to eventual de-commissioning of residential structures. This paper briefly reviews the standards process, includes an overview of the Standard Guides` principal criteria, and provides a robust resource listing for further investigation by readers. During development of the Standard Guide, authors emphasized thorough review of the available literature on sustainable residential development. This was then reflected in the technical contents of the Standard Guide to provide criteria useful to builders to: provide a standardized framework for evaluating whether homes (new or remodeled) meet minimum consensus guidelines on resource efficiency; reduce environmental impact of new-home developments and major remodeling projects; improve long tern sustainability of the nation`s new and existing housing; and help to effectively recognize and promote the benefit of efficiency and renewable energy.

  16. Evaluation of Water Efficiency in Green Building in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng-Li Cheng

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Low carbon policies, including those aimed at increasing water efficiency, have been adopted as a crucial strategy for combating global warming and climate change. The green building evaluation system used in Taiwan was first applied in 1999 and initially utilized a building’s water efficiency as the threshold index for determining the building’s environmental impact. Since 1999, more than a thousand buildings have been certified as green buildings using this evaluation system. The quantitative effects of water conservation efforts should be provided to policy makers as a form of positive feedback. To that end, the present study offers a calculation process for estimating the quantitative volume of water saved by practical green buildings. The baseline water usage for all kinds of buildings was determined to serve as the criterion for determining the water-saving efficiency of individual buildings. An investigation of the average water-saving rate from 2000 to 2013 for 1320 buildings certified as green buildings was also conducted to validate the estimation results and found that these green buildings saved an average of approximately 37.6% compared to the baseline water usage rate for all buildings. Water savings will inevitably follow from the use of water-saving appliances or water-saving designs for buildings. The proposed calculation process can be used to clarify the relationships between specific water-saving concepts and the real water usage efficiency of green buildings.

  17. Building Green: The Adoption Process of LEED- and Energy Star-Rated Office Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malkani, Arvin P.

    There are opportunities for green building technology in office buildings to produce energy savings and cost efficiencies that can produce a positive economic and environmental impact. In order for these opportunities to be realized, however, decision makers must appreciate the value of green building technology. The objective of this research is to better understand the motivations that lead office building professionals to adopt green building technology. By utilizing a validated theory named the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT), the investigator analyzes the impact of four predictor variables on the behavioral intention to adopt green building technology. The adapted UTAUT model, called the Green Building Technology Model (GBTM), was found to have a statistically significant correlation with the intention to adopt green building technology. The results provide a model for using the GBTM in green building technology applications. Implications are drawn for the green industry on the whole and for the green office building movement in particular. Industry and government can develop interventions based on the insights learned from this study about the adoption process. These interventions, such as education or awareness campaigns, can help increase the adoption of green building technology, further advancing society's efforts to conserve the natural environment and achieve cost efficiencies.

  18. ATRF Earns Three Green Globes, Exceeds NIH Building Standards | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    By Ashley DeVine, Staff Writer From project management and energy and water efficiency to emissions and the indoor environment, the Advanced Technology Research Facility (ATRF) was built with sustainability in mind, exceeding the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH’s) building standards and earning three Green Globes from the Green Building Initiative (GBI).

  19. 谈绿色建筑%Discussion on green building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于博洋; 马守恒

    2016-01-01

    The thesis introduces the concepts and design principles of green building,analyzes the impact of green building upon environment, describes common green building design methods by combining with green building development history,and finally points out green building de-velopment tendency at home and abroad.%介绍了绿色建筑的概念及设计原则,分析了绿色建筑对环境的影响,结合绿色建筑的发展历程,阐述了常用的绿色建筑设计方法,最后提出了绿色建筑在国内外的发展趋势。

  20. Penilaian Kriteria Green Building pada Gedung Rektorat ITS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dedy Darmanto

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Green building merupakan suatu konsep bangunan ramah lingkungan yang sudah menjadi perhatian khusus di berbagai negara dan mulai diterapkan di Indonesia. Penulisan Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengukur  rating/sertifikasi sebagai tolak ukur sudah sejauh mana tingkat green building gedung-gedung perkantoran di ITS, dengan cara melakukan pengamatan langsung, yang dilakukan oleh peneliti berdasarkan kriteria standar nasional (Greenship-GBCI. Pengamatan atau survey secara langsung tersebut dilakukan dengan cara memberikan form survey kepada para penghuni dan orang -  orang yang berkativitas di Gedung Rektorat ITS. Dari pengukuran penilaian kriteria green building yang telah dilakukan pada Gedung Rektorat ITS terhadap 7 kriteria green building yang dianggap paling utama menurut para staff dan akademisi, dan dilakukan pengukuran pada setiap kriterianya, yaitu Thermal Comfort, Visual Comfort, Energy Efficieny Measure, Alternatife Water Resource, Water Use Reduction, Natural Lightning dan Environmental Tobacco Smoke Control dapat disimpulkan bahwa tingkat rating sertifikasi Green building pada Gedung Rektorat ITS adalah sebesar 48%.

  1. For an ecological construction Green Building Challenge (part 1); Pour une construction ecologique Green Building Challenge (premiere partie)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruck, M. [Vienna Univ. Technique (Austria)

    2001-10-01

    In the scope of the worldwide project Green Building Challenge, a system for building assessment was developed with the aim to establish the ecological, economic and user related advantages and disadvantages of a building. The GBC handbook of the brick industry proves that brick buildings in particular meet high total quality requirements. (author)

  2. Building Green: The Adoption Process of LEED- and Energy Star-Rated Office Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malkani, Arvin P.

    2012-01-01

    There are opportunities for green building technology in office buildings to produce energy savings and cost efficiencies that can produce a positive economic and environmental impact. In order for these opportunities to be realized, however, decision makers must appreciate the value of green building technology. The objective of this research is…

  3. Integrating Building Information Modeling and Green Building Certification: The BIM-LEED Application Model Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Wei

    2010-01-01

    Building information modeling (BIM) and green building are currently two major trends in the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry. This research recognizes the market demand for better solutions to achieve green building certification such as LEED in the United States. It proposes a new strategy based on the integration of BIM…

  4. How to build efficient English classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高艳青

    2015-01-01

    The three basic elements of classroom language teaching. Namely, engagement, study and application. The students are not sponges which are passive or empty waiting to absorb all the water but plumages after ac-tive growth by drawing water, sunlight and oxygen from the outside and their internal photosynthesis. The students are organic bodies who need to continue to obtain new knowledge based on prior knowledge and experience. Efficient classroom teaching system should consist of these two sides. One is the classroom or-ganization form that is what kind of classroom teaching is used in the classroom. The other is the rule of classroom. That is what way is used to maintain the teaching goal to be completed. The popular saying is classroom management. The core theory of classroom teaching system is the"base first, management first". Emotional education in the classroom teaching is reflected in the objective of training students' emotional attitudes and values which enable students to love learning and learn with an appropriate method.

  5. How Green Is Green? Developing a Process for Determining Sustainability When Planning Campuses and Academic Buildings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernheim, Anthony

    2003-01-01

    Proposes structured workshops as the method to integrate green planning seamlessly into campus building planning. Explains that green rating systems, such as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), offer specific ways to gauge the environmental effectiveness of green measures. (EV)

  6. Green Facility Management in a Shanghai Office Building : A Case Study of the "Asia Building"

    OpenAIRE

    Yunqing, Liang

    2011-01-01

    This paper aims to explore how well green facility management has performed in Shanghai office building and finds the possible way to improve the situation. Together with two interviews, questionnaire based on benchmarking approach is conducted in a case study of the Asia Building, which lead to the conclusion that green facility management has done a fair work in Asia Building, and suggestions that laws and regulations related to green facility management should be established; governmental ...

  7. Green Building Construction Thermal Isolation Materials (Rockwool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Itewi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Building insulation consisting roughly to anything in a structure that is utilizes as insulation for any reason. Thermal insulation in structures is a significant feature to attaining thermal comfort for its tenants. Approach: Insulation decreases unnecessary warmth loss or gain and can reduce the power burdens of heating and cooling structures. It does not automatically having anything to do with problems of sufficient exposure to air and might or might not influence the amount of sound insulation. Results: In a constricted way insulation can just mean the insulation substance used to reduce heat loss, such as: Glass wool, cellulose, polystyrene, rock wool, urethane foam, vermiculite and the earth, but it can also entail a variety of plans and methods used to deal with the chief forms of heat movement like transmission, emission and convection substances. The efficiency of insulation is normally assessed by its R-value. However, an R-value does not allow for the superiority of assembly or narrow green issues for each structure. Building superiority matters comprise insufficient vapor obstructions and troubles with draft-proofing. Additionally, the property and concentration of the insulation substance itself is vital. Fiberglass insulation materials, for example, made out of short fibers of glass covered on top of each other is not as long-lasting as insulation prepared from extended entwined fibers of glass. Conclusion/Recommendations: Rockwool insulation is a kind of insulation that is constructed out of real rocks and minerals. It furthermore is known by the names of mineral wool insulation, stone wool insulation or slag wool insulation. A broad collection of goods can be constructed from Rockwool, because of its outstanding capability to obstruct sound and heat. Rockwool insulation is normally utilized in building assembly, manufacturing plants and in automotive purposes. In this study i proposed to use

  8. Green certification and building performance: Implications for tangibles and intangibles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Devine, A.; Kok, N.

    2015-01-01

    Commercial buildings represent a significant share of global energy consumption. In the general absence of regulation, voluntary labeling and green building certification schemes have been introduced to reflect this externality to building owners and tenants. The implications of such schemes have pr

  9. Teaching Teachers to Build Equitable Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotan, Rachel

    2006-01-01

    Whether they are the outcome of global immigration trends, residential living patterns, or educational reform efforts such as detracking, heterogeneous classrooms pose considerable pedagogical challenges for educators. This article describes a systemic approach to restructuring the classroom with the goal of establishing and maintaining an…

  10. 76 FR 65511 - Office of Governmentwide Policy; Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; the Green...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-21

    ... ADMINISTRATION Office of Governmentwide Policy; Office of Federal High- Performance Green Buildings; the Green... provides the schedule and agenda for the first meeting of the Green Building Advisory Committee Meeting...: Ken Sandler, Designated Federal Official, Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings,...

  11. Evaluation of green building rating tools based on existing green building achievement in Indonesia using Life Cycle Assessment Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basten, Van; Latief, Yusuf; Berawi, Mohammed Ali; Budiman, Rachmat; Riswanto

    2017-03-01

    Total completed building construction value in Indonesia increased 116% during 2009 to 2011. That's followed by increasing 11% energy consumption in Indonesia in the last three years with 70% energy met to the electricity needs of commercial building. In addition, a few application of green building concept in Indonesia made the greenhouse gas emissions or CO2 amount increased by 25%. Construction, operation, and maintain of building cost consider relatively high. The evaluation in this research is used to improve the building performance with some of green concept alternatives. The research methodology is conducted by combination of qualitative and quantitative approaches through interview and case study. Assessing the successful of optimization functions in the existing green building is based on the operational and maintenance phase with the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Method. The result of optimization that is the largest efficiency and effective of building life cycle.

  12. Principles and Enactment of Rapid Collaborative Knowledge Building in Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Looi, Chee-Kit; Chen, Wenli; Patton, Charles M.

    2010-01-01

    The authors discuss the notion of Rapid Collaborative Knowledge Building (RCKB) in classroom settings. RCKB seeks to harness the collective intelligence of groups to learn faster, envision new possibilities, and to reveal latent knowledge in a dynamic live setting. It is characterized by the notion of rapid cycles of knowledge building activities…

  13. Standardization of green building technologies for environment design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benuzh Andrey

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the structure and field of standardization ISO / TC 205 “Building environment design”, provides examples of green building technologies. The main purpose of the article is to show the interaction between international ISO / TC 205 “Building environment design” and created in Russia in 2016 the Technical Committee of Standardization № 366 “Green technology of the build environment and green innovative products”. Both of these technical committees promote green building technologies for environment design, thereby deal with the negative impact on the environment and the reasons of global warming. Instead of buildings that attempt to suppress and overcome nature, why not design buildings that integrate with the environment, on every possible level? The international standardization work which ISO/TC 205 “Building environment design” performs seeks, in addition to lowering trade barriers for engineering design, to promote and facilitate the design of high performance buildings: higher performing as economic assets for their owners, higher performing as buildings that provide amenable indoor environment for their occupants, and higher performing with respect to resource utilization and environmental impact.

  14. U.S. Team Green Building Challenge 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2002-09-01

    Flier about the U.S. Team and its projects participating in the International Green Building Challenge. Along with many other countries, the United States accepted the Green Building Challenge (GBC), an international effort to evaluate and improve the performance of buildings worldwide. GBC started out in 1996 as a competition to determine which country had the greenest buildings; it evolved into a cooperative process among the countries to measure the performance of green buildings. Although the auto industry can easily measure efficiency in terms of miles per gallon, the buildings industry has no standard way to quantify energy and environmental performance. The Green Building Challenge participants hope that better tools for measuring the energy and environmental performance of buildings will be an outcome of their efforts and that these tools will lead to higher and better performance levels in buildings around the world. The ultimate goal is to design, construct, and operate buildings that contribute to global sustainability by conserving and/or regenerating natural resources and minimizing nonrenewable energy use. The United States' Green Building Challenge Team '02 selected five buildings from around the country to serve as case studies; each of the five U.S. building designs (as well as all international case studies) were assessed using an in-depth evaluation tool, called the Green Building Assessment Tool (GBTool). The GBTool was specifically created and refined by international teams, for the GBC efforts. The goal of this collaborative effort is to improve this evaluation software tool so that it can be used globally, while taking into account regional and national conditions. The GBTool was used by the U.S. Team to assess and evaluate the energy and environmental performance of these five buildings: (1) Retail (in operation): BigHorn Home Improvement Center, Silverthorne, Colorado; (2) Office (in operation), Philip Merrill Environmental; (3

  15. Sustainable Building in China—A Green Leap Forward?

    OpenAIRE

    Jialiang Wang; Hongwei Mao; Yongcong Guo; Yutong Li; Tao Yan; Wei Feng; Qing Ye; Diamond, Richard C.

    2013-01-01

    China is constructing new commercial buildings at an enormous rate—roughly 2 billion square meters per year, with considerable interest and activity in green design and construction. We review the context of commercial building design and construction in China, and look at a specific project as an example of a high performance, sustainable design, the Shenzhen Institute of Building Research (IBR). The IBR building incorporates over 40 sustainable technologies and strategies, including dayligh...

  16. Reviewing Green roof design approaches: Case study of residential buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Özarısoy, Bertuğ

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT: High density of the residential areas and steep land value in the cities have driven people to maximize liveable and productive spaces in urban settings. This includes the reinvention of roof functions extending merely as a protection from the elements to a platform of housing green building technologies such as green roofs. Increased interest in green roofs have led to advances in technology. An entire industry has sprung up which specializes in lightweight growing materials, ro...

  17. The Benefits of Green Roofing for Latvian Building Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Kara, P.; Pastars, P

    2013-01-01

    Green roofs serve several purposes for a building, such as absorbing rainwater, providing insulation, creating a habitat for wildlife and helping to lower urban air temperatures and mitigate the heat island effect. The modern trend started when green roofs were developed in Germany in the 1960s, and has since spread to many countries. Today, it is estimated that about 10% of all German roofs have been “greened”. Green roofs are also becoming increasingly popular in the United States, although...

  18. ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS: AN APPLICATION IN GREEN BUILDING MARKET RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharmin Attaran

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Sustainability has become a necessity in the building industry. In recent years, as the general public is more informed and aware of sustainability related issues, they are becoming major players in the decision making process regarding their built environment. However, there are still challenges with how sustainability is communicated to occupants and owners of buildings. As the global economic crisis is continuing, the marketing of green buildings needs to be refined to communicate the lifetime benefits of sustainability. One of the ways to develop effective marketing strategies, is to understand what the occupants value the most among many aspects of green buildings thus develop focused marketing solutions. Authors present a conceptual methodology using Analytic Hierarchy Process toward identifying consumer ranking and weights of a major green building rating system’s categories. Authors use sample non-representative data to illustrate the proposed methodology, while sharing preliminary qualitative data from the research in progress.

  19. Green buildings as a part of the infrastructure: Supporter, symbol or stranger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole

    2002-01-01

    Building green has to balance between fitting into the specific local conditions and being different from them. But being too different leads to conflicts – too much adaptation destroys the greenness of the building. In relation to infrastructure, it is argued that green buildings can have the role...... as supporter, symbol or stranger. Through three case studies of green buildings in Denmark the relation between buildings and infrastructure is explored, and discussed in relation to the future role of green buildings....

  20. Research on green building design based on ecological concept

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Ping Qing

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available At present, the protection of the ecological environment and the promotion of green building has been recognized and widely promoted.With the rapid development of the construction industry, Architecture design will inevitably require the resentation of its unique form and charm to reflect the ecological concept and ecological culture, because of the unique nature of the art and the particularity of the environment. To establish the ecological concept of green building design and vigorously develop the green green building has a complementary role to alleviate the pressure on resources,and to speed up the eco city planning design, and to realize the sustainable development of the city, and to protect the urban ecological environmental.

  1. Greening hotels - building green values into hotel services

    OpenAIRE

    Darija Hays; Đurđana Ozretić-Došen

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The objective of this paper is to enhance knowledge about greening hotel services and the possibilities it provides for successful hotel management as well as for enrichment of hotel guest experiences. Design/Methodology/Approach – The paper is based on a summarized review of previous theoretical contributions and an investigative study of three business cases which relies on qualitative methodology. The case studies draw on interviews, archival materials and photographs. A case ...

  2. Energy Aspects of Green Buildings – International Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kauskale L.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available At present, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is one of the main environmental priorities globally, and implementation of sustainability aspects in the construction industry, including energy aspects, is of major importance for long-term environmental development, as buildings have a long life cycle and require many resources both for construction and operation periods. The aim of the research is to analyse energy aspects of green buildings. The results of research show that the construction of green buildings can significantly result in energy savings and has other benefits for different market participants. Future research directions have been identified as well.

  3. U.S. architects report increased adoption of green building

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2008-12-15

    This article discussed results of the 2008 Green Index survey conducted by Autodesk Inc., a company that is committed to developing software for easier and more efficient sustainable building design. The survey, which questioned members of the American Institute of Architects (AIA), revealed that architects and building owners have increased the implementation of sustainable design practices in response to a greater demand from clients. An increase in implementing green building elements of 15 per cent from 2007 may indicate a shift in attitude towards climate change. The primary reasons clients are asking for green buildings are reduced operating costs, marketing and marketing demand. The survey showed that 41 per cent of architects are using software to help predict and evaluate the environmental impact and lifecycle of their buildings as well as the HVAC operating costs and alternative building materials. The survey also showed that 24 per cent of architects are currently implementing green roofs on more than half of their new projects, compared with 7 per cent in 2007. Also, 39 per cent are using renewable, on-site energy sources such as solar, wind ,geothermal, low impact hydro, or biomass on more than half of new building designs compared with only 6 per cent in 2007. 1 ref.

  4. Critical evaluation of environmental and economic performance of green buildings in Hong Kong

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, Cheuk-yi; 陳卓兒

    2015-01-01

    Due to the two key drivers, energy crisis and climate change, green buildings has become increasingly important around the world and many building environmental assessment methods have been developed to assess the performance of green buildings. However, it is sometimes criticized that the environmental performance of those certified green buildings may not be guaranteed in real situation. Some green technologies used in green buildings are found to be not cost effective. This study aims to c...

  5. A Place to Stay: Building Green

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deal, Walter F.

    2010-01-01

    Shelter has been a concern of humans and animals alike for the millennia. Animals, through their natural instincts, build nests and shelters to meet their needs for protection against predators and seasonal changes in the weather. Early humans sought shelter in caves and cliff dwellings and later began to design and build shelters based on the…

  6. Green Sharing: The Proposed Criteria in Green Building Standards to Promote the Usage of Natural Handicrafts in Building Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krasae-In Aracha

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable development has been a great challenge to the building and construction industry for decades. There have been many initiatives and attempts to create sustainability for the industry through the concept of the Green Building certificate in order to reduce the impact to environment and society while promoting better living conditions of the people involved in the project. This paper aims to examine all three aspects of sustainability; economy, environment and society, in the building and construction industry by proposing new criteria for the green building certificate. This will create opportunities for the community based handicraft building products to be specified and purchased to be used in the modern building and construction industry and share the economic value to the community.

  7. New Construction for Commercial Building (Restaurant By Considering The Green Building Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MF Baharom

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The Green Building Index (GBI is one of green building strategies that are needed in order to decrease the human technologies and waste made by them. Moreover, GBI is the latest green building strategies that been implemented in the new building construction in Malaysia. It is proven as the building sector consumes 40% of the total energy consumption in the world, thus increasing the environmental problems. Mechanical, cooling, lighting and ventilating spaces consume by far the most energy in buildings. Besides the energy consumption, the cost needed to develop the new building also been increased. This project sought to provide an understanding on the new construction of commercial building (restaurant which is selected with the objectives which to design all the electrical installation including the lighting system, air-conditioner, switch socket outlet (SSO, protection system, and cable selection in the commercial building (restaurant based on the Malaysia’s GBI, to analyze the lighting system by using DIALux software and all the connected electrical loads after implementing the GBI standards, and lastly to analyze the energy consumption as well as the cost in the new construction for commercial building (restaurant. The electrical installation and building design are done by using AutoCAD software whereas the lighting system is analyzed by using DIALux software. The load calculation, energy and cost consumption are been analyzed based on the GBI and electrical standards. Based on the results obtained, the overall energy and cost consumptions in the commercial building had been improved after implementing the green building strategies. The overall electrical installation in the building will be based on energy efficiency criteria of the GBI assessment criteria on the non-residential (commercial building which having the highest point. An electrical installation design, AutoCAD design, load calculation, energy and cost consumption are made

  8. How to water your green building

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chang Lara, C.; Kok, M.; Wagemans, J.

    2014-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0533 Innovation & Sustainability. Green facades and roofs require specific irrigation techniques. Each different system has specific watering conditions and varying retention capacities. This manual offers an array of possibilities on how to

  9. Environmental value engineering (EVE): a green building performance assessment methodology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roudebush, W. H. [Bowling Green Univ., College of Technology, OH (United States)

    1998-11-01

    Establishing criteria for assessing green building performance is discussed. Performance criteria identified include building energy consumption, building material reduction, pollution minimization, indoor air quality, waste reduction, and occupant performance/output maximization. This paper specifically focuses on the use of an assessment methodology called environmental value engineering to maximize building performance at the least cost to the environment, i.e. the least quantity of inputs required per unit of building function. The inputs are grouped into four categories of: environment, fuel energy, goods, and services. The assessment is conducted at various points in the building`s life cycle (natural resource formation, exploration and extraction, material production, construction, use, demolition, natural resource recycling and disposal), with the four categories of inputs accounted for during each of the life cycle phases. Environmental value engineering is based on the EMERGY Analysis methodology developed at the University of Florida, and the ASTM (1993) UNIFORMAT of building subsystem organization. Total EMERGY per unit of function is considered to be the measure of building performance. The methodology can be used to compare traditional building performance to green building performance towards sustainable development. 5 refs., 2 tabs.

  10. Minimizing Climate Change Impacts through the Application of Green Building Principles

    OpenAIRE

    Baharuddin

    2014-01-01

    The presentation explains the climate change and the role of green building in minimising the impact of climate change. The presentation covers the emerging issues, sustainable building, green building certification which covers: sustainable site, water efficiency, energy and

  11. The Green Building Advisor: Design team on a disc

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malin, N. [Environmental Building News, Brattleboro, VT (United States)

    1998-12-01

    A tool intended to educate building designers and contractors, called the {sup G}reen Building Advisor` is described. The Green Building Advisor is an educational and professional software tool for architects and designers to help them create environmentally friendly and healthy buildings. The program solicits information about the user`s project, searches a database of environmental knowledge and case studies, and presents the user with a prioritized list of relevant design strategies. The program functions by responding to the user`s information with context-sensitive, customized information organized under topic areas ( envelope, lighting, windows, HVAC, equipment, etc) based on the area of their environmental impact (indoor environment, energy, water, resources and materials and other ecosystem impacts). Detailed information on each strategy is provided. The program also includes a series of case studies from across North America, selected to represent a broad range in terms of building size, type, and climate region. 4 figs.

  12. Building Strong Teacher-Student Relationships in Pluralistic Music Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurgel, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    A positive teacher-student relationship is a critical component of an engaging climate in pluralistic music classrooms. This article defines and gives examples of five strategies for building positive, cross-cultural teacher-student relationships. Teachers who take responsibility for developing these relationships begin by becoming culturally…

  13. Assessment Framework of Building Facade in Optimizing Indoor Thermal Comfort of Green Building Index (GBI) Certified Office Building

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul Tharim Asniza Hamimi; Abdul Samad Muna Hanim

    2016-01-01

    During the past decade, the construction industry has seen a new trend in the development of “green” or “sustainable” construction concept around the world with vast support from prominent organization, together with the introduction of sustainable building codes. The establishment of green building certification systems worldwide is seen as one of the most efforts in the emerging green building movement. In order to support the development of the “green” and “sustainable” concept in Malaysia...

  14. Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building

    OpenAIRE

    Terwoert, J.; Ustailieva, E.

    2013-01-01

    This e-fact provides information on the work-related risk factors and the occupational safety and health (OSH) issues associated the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, on-site waste collection. Some of these OSH risks are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies or design. Other risks are well-known to the construction sector but they arise in new situations o...

  15. Research on the Evaluation Indicator System for Rural Green Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan; LI; Jianping; JIANG; Fang; LI; Longzhao; ZHAO

    2014-01-01

    Based on the actual situation and the survey results in rural areas,with the domestic and foreign advanced green building standard as a reference,we initially determine the evaluation indicator system for rural green building. We use the AHP-Delphi method to calculate the weight,and get a multi-goal,multi-factor,and multi-level rural green building evaluation method suitable for the rural environment,social and economic situation,and apply this method to 10 villages in Shaanxi Province. After the evaluation and scoring,we give the following recommendations:( i) Strengthening the energy-saving design and improving the living comfort;( ii) Enhancing the application of appropriate technologies;( iii) Improving the level of development environment.

  16. Demystifying first-cost green building premiums in healthcare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houghton, Adele; Vittori, Gail; Guenther, Robin

    2009-01-01

    This study assesses the extent of "first-cost green building construction premiums" in the healthcare sector based on data submitted by and interviews with 13 current LEED-certified and LEED-registered healthcare project teams, coupled with a literature survey of articles on the topics of actual and perceived first-cost premiums associated with green building strategies. This analysis covers both perceived and realized costs across a range of projects in this sector, leading to the following conclusions: Construction first-cost premiums may be lower than is generally perceived, and they appear to be independent of both building size and level of "green" achievement; projects are using financial incentives and philanthropy to drive higher levels of achievement; premiums are decreasing over time; and projects are benefiting from improvements in health and productivity which, although difficult to monetize, are universally valued.

  17. Multidisciplinary life cycle metrics and tools for green buildings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helgeson, Jennifer F; Lippiatt, Barbara C

    2009-07-01

    Building sector stakeholders need compelling metrics, tools, data, and case studies to support major investments in sustainable technologies. Proponents of green building widely claim that buildings integrating sustainable technologies are cost effective, but often these claims are based on incomplete, anecdotal evidence that is difficult to reproduce and defend. The claims suffer from 2 main weaknesses: 1) buildings on which claims are based are not necessarily "green" in a science-based, life cycle assessment (LCA) sense and 2) measures of cost effectiveness often are not based on standard methods for measuring economic worth. Yet, the building industry demands compelling metrics to justify sustainable building designs. The problem is hard to solve because, until now, neither methods nor robust data supporting defensible business cases were available. The US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Building and Fire Research Laboratory is beginning to address these needs by developing metrics and tools for assessing the life cycle economic and environmental performance of buildings. Economic performance is measured with the use of standard life cycle costing methods. Environmental performance is measured by LCA methods that assess the "carbon footprint" of buildings, as well as 11 other sustainability metrics, including fossil fuel depletion, smog formation, water use, habitat alteration, indoor air quality, and effects on human health. Carbon efficiency ratios and other eco-efficiency metrics are established to yield science-based measures of the relative worth, or "business cases," for green buildings. Here, the approach is illustrated through a realistic building case study focused on different heating, ventilation, air conditioning technology energy efficiency. Additionally, the evolution of the Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability multidisciplinary team and future plans in this area are described.

  18. Building green supply chains in eco-industrial parks towards a green economy: Barriers and strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jacqueline; Pan, Shu-Yuan; Kim, Hyunook; Linn, Jean H; Chiang, Pen-Chi

    2015-10-01

    As suggested by UNEP, the key to sustainable development is to create a "green economy" which should encapsulate all three sectors: the industry, the people, and the government. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop and implement the green technologies into the existing facilities, especially in the developing countries. In this study, the role of green supply chains in eco-industrial parks (EIPs) towards a green economy was investigated. The strategies and effective evaluation procedures of the green economy were proposed by assessing the barriers from the perspective of institution, regulation, technology, and finance. In addition, three case studies from iron and steel-making, paper mill and pulping, and petrochemical industries were presented and illustrated for building the green supply chains. For example, in the case of Lin-Hai Industrial Park, a total of 15 efficient green supply chains using waste-to-resources technologies were established by 2012, resulting in an economic benefit of USD 100 million per year. It suggests that the green supply chains should be established to achieve both economic growth and environmental protection. With these successful experiences, building a green supply chain within industrial park should be extensively promoted to make traditional industries around the world being environmentally bearable, economic viable, and social equitable.

  19. Susceptibility of green and conventional building materials to microbial growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mensah-Attipoe, J; Reponen, T; Salmela, A; Veijalainen, A-M; Pasanen, P

    2015-06-01

    Green building materials are becoming more popular. However, little is known about their ability to support or limit microbial growth. The growth of fungi was evaluated on five building materials. Two green, two conventional building materials and wood as a positive control were selected. The materials were inoculated with Aspergillus versicolor, Cladosporium cladosporioides and Penicillium brevicompactum, in the absence and presence of house dust. Microbial growth was assessed at four different time points by cultivation and determining fungal biomass using the N-acetylhexosaminidase (NAHA) enzyme assay. No clear differences were seen between green and conventional building materials in their susceptibility to support microbial growth. The presence of dust, an external source of nutrients, promoted growth of all the fungal species similarly on green and conventional materials. The results also showed a correlation coefficient ranging from 0.81 to 0.88 between NAHA activity and culturable counts. The results suggest that the growth of microbes on a material surface depends on the availability of organic matter rather than the classification of the material as green or conventional. NAHA activity and culturability correlated well indicating that the two methods used in the experiments gave similar trends for the growth of fungi on material surfaces.

  20. Passive design for a manufactured classroom building. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-03-31

    Work conducted by Madison Industries Inc. of Georgia and the Georgia Institute of Technology Engineering Experiment Station toward the development of passive solar heating systems for manufactured buildings is summarized. The specific application is a modular classroom building. Four passive system concepts were selected for space heating. These concepts are as follows: (1) direct gain; (2) water wall; (3) sunspace; and (4) integral collector wall. Designs were prepared for all four concepts. Thermal analyses were conducted, including annual heating simulations, for all designs. Typical weather and solar data for Atlanta were used in the simulations. In addition, design features for daylighting were incorporated in the building.

  1. Assessment Framework of Building Facade in Optimizing Indoor Thermal Comfort of Green Building Index (GBI Certified Office Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Tharim Asniza Hamimi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available During the past decade, the construction industry has seen a new trend in the development of “green” or “sustainable” construction concept around the world with vast support from prominent organization, together with the introduction of sustainable building codes. The establishment of green building certification systems worldwide is seen as one of the most efforts in the emerging green building movement. In order to support the development of the “green” and “sustainable” concept in Malaysia, Green Building Index (GBI was launched by the government on 21 May 2009 that created to promote sustainability in the built environment and raise awareness of environmental issues. However, the construction industry seems to have focused only on findings the “right mechanism” for an environmentally sustainable “final result” in order for the building to be certified as green with the lacking of continuous assessment on the building performance after the certifications. This study is purposely conducted to investigate the performance of various rated Green Building Index (GBI Non-Residential New Construction office buildings and the influence on Indoor Thermal Comfort (ITC of the selected buildings. The aim is to develop an assessment framework for optimum green building architectural façade to be used for office buildings in Malaysia as well as to analyse the occupants’ perception, satisfaction and performance in the selected Green Building Index (GBI rated office indoor environment. This research is still in its infancy; therefore the paper is focused on research aims, research scope and methodology, and expected deliverables for the proposed research.

  2. Green building challenge 2002 in Canada : an overview

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    The Green Building Challenge (GBC) in Canada was launched to help the building community meet environmental challenges and improve the environmental performance of buildings. Tools have been made available to the building industry to make informed environmental choices during the conception design stage of a project. The tools help architects, researchers and policy analysts in choosing material mixes and other design options that will minimize a building's potential life cycle environmental impacts and promote sustainable development. Green buildings involve the complete structure and envelope, including cladding, insulation, gypsum wall board, roofing and windows. The type of building and its location is also considered. Long term sustainability also considers energy use and emissions related to a building's energy system. This presentation described the following 3 projects which were selected for assessment in the GBC-2002: (1) the Mayo School in Mayo, Yukon Territory, (2) the Jackson-Triggs Winery in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, and (3) the Red River College in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The GBC-2002 Canadian Team nominated them as the best buildings being designed in Canada.10 figs.

  3. Sustainable Building in China -- A Green Leap Forward?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diamond, Richard [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Ye, Qing [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Feng, Wei [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Yan, Tao [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Mao, Hongwei [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Li, Yutong [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Guo, Yongcong [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Wang, Jialiang [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China)

    2013-09-01

    China is constructing new commercial buildings at an enormous rate -- roughly 2 billion square meters per year, with considerable interest and activity in green design and construction. We review the context of commercial building design and construction in China, and look at a specific project as an example of a high performance, sustainable design, the Shenzhen Institute of Building Research (IBR). The IBR building incorporates over 40 sustainable technologies and strategies, including daylighting, natural ventilation, gray-water recycling, solar-energy generation, and highly efficient Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems. We present measured data on the performance of the building, including detailed analysis by energy end use, water use, and occupant comfort and satisfaction. Total building energy consumption in 2011 was 1151 MWh, with an Energy Use Intensity (EUI) of 63 kWh/m2 (20 kBtu/ft2), which is 61% of the mean EUI value of 103 kWh/m2 (33 kBtu/ft2) for similar buildings in the region. We also comment on the unique design process, which incorporated passive strategies throughout the building, and has led to high occupant satisfaction with the natural ventilation, daylighting, and green patio work areas. Lastly we present thoughts on how the design philosophy of the IBR building can be a guide for low-energy design in different climate regions throughout China and elsewhere.

  4. Sustainable Building in China—A Green Leap Forward?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jialiang Wang

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available China is constructing new commercial buildings at an enormous rate—roughly 2 billion square meters per year, with considerable interest and activity in green design and construction. We review the context of commercial building design and construction in China, and look at a specific project as an example of a high performance, sustainable design, the Shenzhen Institute of Building Research (IBR. The IBR building incorporates over 40 sustainable technologies and strategies, including daylighting, natural ventilation, gray-water recycling, solar-energy generation, and highly efficient Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC systems. We present measured data on the performance of the building, including detailed analysis by energy end use, water use, and occupant comfort and satisfaction. Total building energy consumption in 2011 was 1151 MWh, with an Energy Use Intensity (EUI of 63 kWh/m2 (20 kBtu/ft2, which is 61% of the mean EUI value of 103 kWh/m2 (33 kBtu/ft2 for similar buildings in the region. We also comment on the unique design process, which incorporated passive strategies throughout the building, and has led to high occupant satisfaction with the natural ventilation, daylighting, and green patio work areas. Lastly we present thoughts on how the design philosophy of the IBR building can be a guide for low-energy design in different climate regions throughout China and elsewhere.

  5. Environmental indicators: Establishing a common language for green building

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dammann, Sven; Elle, Morten

    2006-01-01

    . The objective of this study was to investigate if (and to what extent) consensus on environmental indicators for buildings as ‘a common language for green building’ can be reached among core actors in the Danish building sector and what such indicators could look like. Based on an analysis of current indicator...... systems and a qualitative investigation of the views of different actor groups on environmental indicators for buildings, the areas of consensus and lines of conflict between the actor groups were identified. Four different technological frames were used to identify four different perceptions...... is unlikely. Instead, three likely scenarios are described for the future development of the indicator debate and the directions are identified into which different actors need to move in order to establish indicators that can serve as a common language for green building....

  6. Environmental assessment and specification of green building materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Froeschle, L. M.

    1998-12-01

    The central thesis of this paper is that building with environmentally friendly and `green` materials can lead to significant benefits in terms of improved indoor air quality and a healthy and more productive indoor environment. Recycled content and recyclable products can also help minimize the negative impact on the natural environment by keeping construction materials out of the waste stream, not to mention the cost savings that can be generated when specifying materials with recycled content. Savings in embodied energy is generally less when using recycled content as opposed to raw materials in the manufacture of building materials. The gradual depletion of raw materials will generate increased demand for `greener` products and may, in due course, replace traditional building products. Criteria for the assessment of environmental materials, the `greening` of project specifications, and a process for the environmental specification of building products is also described. 8 refs.

  7. Building a Green House in the Redwoods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enos, David

    2013-01-01

    Designing and building homes is normally the responsibility of a professionally trained workforce. So a lot of people are skeptical about the idea of a team of high school students taking on those tasks. Would a young, untrained group of students be able to undertake and successfully complete the construction of an entire home, from start to…

  8. Green buildings. Laying tomorrow's foundations today

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijk, H.A.L. van

    2013-01-01

    Expectations about what buildings should be like have dramatically changed over time. Now the industry must strive to meet demands for functionality, comfort and design together with environmental sustainability and energy efficiency. ISO has developed a toolbox of practical state-of-the-art Interna

  9. Energy conservation in developing countries using green building idea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashid, Akram; Mansoor Qureshi, Ijaz

    2013-06-01

    Green buildings uses processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle. In these buildings Certain energy conservative and environment friendly steps are considered and implemented from design, construction, operation, maintenance and renovation. In present era no doubt new technologies are constantly constructed and used in creating greener structures, energy efficient buildings. The common objective is to reduce the overall impact of the built environment on human health using available energy efficiently. To increase the efficiency of the System or the building, Onsite generation of renewable energy through solar power, wind power, hydro power, or biomasscan significantly reduce the environmental impact of the building. Power generation is generally the most expensive feature to add to a building. Any how power generation using renewable sources that is Solar system may further enhance energy conservation ideas. Power Factor improvement can also be another source of efficient tool for efficient use of Electrical Energy in green buildings. In developing countries a significant amount of Electrical Energy can be conserved and System efficiency as a whole can be increased by Power Factor correction. The reverse flow of power can be locally engaged instead of creating extra stress and opposition to the existing grid lines.

  10. Building Green: Construction for the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillipson, Todd

    2012-01-01

    At Jefferson County Vocational School (JCVS) in Bloomingdale, Ohio, students get a lesson on building green with the construction of a home in the school's subdivision. The home is being built using Energy Star guidelines so that it may be identified as an Energy Star home. The goal for the Jefferson County Vocational Schools Board of Education…

  11. U.S. Team Green Building Challenge (CD-ROM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2002-09-01

    Mini-CD with copies of U.S. Team materials handed out at the International Green Building Challenge conference in Oslo, Norway in September 2002. CD contents contains map of U.S., project brochures, project posters, and GBTool spreadsheets.

  12. Green home building workshop offered for homeowners, construction specialists

    OpenAIRE

    Davis, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Virginia Cooperative Extension, the Department of Wood Science and Forest Products in Virginia Tech's College of Natural Resources, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service will host an evening workshop entitled "Green Home Building for Homeowners, Construction Specialists, Entrepreneurs, and Educators" on April 8 in Abingdon, Va.

  13. Game-Based Learning for Green Building Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Kai Juan

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available To improve education regarding sustainability and green buildings, we designed a multiplayer (2–4 people green building strategy game called GBGame to deliver knowledge of and introduce applied technologies for green buildings. To verify the game’s learning effect, we conducted separate measurements using the ARCS motivation model and a paper-based exam among 72 students majoring in architecture. These students were divided into an experimental group (who played the game and a control group (who underwent lecture-based instruction. Results indicate that (1 game players had stronger learning motivation than those who attended the lectures; (2 players who learned through the game generally exhibited better learning effectiveness than non-players; (3 following cross-validation, we discovered a highly significant correlation between the learning effect and players’ attention, perception of relevance, confidence, and satisfaction during the game; and (4 the game system was found to be attractive to the students, implying that it can be an effective instructional and recreational material to use during green building education.

  14. Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terwoert, J.; Ustailieva, E.

    2013-01-01

    This e-fact provides information on the work-related risk factors and the occupational safety and health (OSH) issues associated the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, on-site waste collection. Some of these OSH risks are new compa

  15. Implementation Framework of Green Building for Malaysian Government Building: KKR2 Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharif Shiela

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to develop the Implementation Framework of Green Building for Government Project. Implementation of Green Building Design is very important in Malaysia to conduct and execute green government project. The research intended to answer the questions about the factors involve in the development of the framework, what is the significant relationships exists between the factors involve in the Implementation Framework and whether there is significant relationship exists between the factors in implementation framework. A total 30 respondent selected between multilevel of project team KKR2 including engineers, assistants engineers, technical assistant, stake holders, contractors and consultants. In conclusion the study answered pertaining questions regarding the factors involve in development of Implementation Framework of Green Building through quantitative research and hypothesis testing.

  16. The impacts of green building strategies on the durability and performance of building enclosures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kernan, P. [RDH Building Engineering Ltd., Vancouver, BC (Canada)

    2007-07-01

    All buildings experience some level of failure during their lifetime. As such, it is to be expected that green buildings are likely to experience the same range of durability and building enclosure problems that affect conventional buildings, unless specific measures are taken. The author emphasized that when durability problems are identified in a green building, it is important to fully understand into which category the problems fall. This study used the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system as a comparison framework for evaluating the environmental impact of green design strategies. LEED was also the focus of the study because of concerns that the processes involved in achieving LEED certification may themselves have negative impacts. Each of the following performance categories was reviewed in this paper: sustainable sites; water efficiency; energy and atmosphere; materials and resources; and, indoor environmental quality. The recommended design strategies to achieve each credit were also identified. It was concluded that the main problem in investigating durability issues in relation to green buildings is that so many of the buildings are new and relatively untested. The performance of these buildings will only become apparent over time. As such, ongoing monitoring and verification of performance is needed. 7 refs., 2 tabs., 1 fig.

  17. Contribution Index Based on Green Building Certification Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuting Sun

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Green Building Certification Systems (GBCS are carried out in many countries due to the rising awareness of the importance of sustainability in the building industry. The intention should have motivated participants to construct and operate buildings sustainably, however, there is not yet a method developed to investigate the motivation of the participants. Based on the GBCS, this paper proposes the contribution index as a standard global method to analyze the performance of participants in the green building industry. Three contribution indices, namely Frequency Contribution Index (FCI, Intensity Contribution Index (ICI and Comprehensive Contribution Index (CCI that concern each different category of participant, have been formulated. Three further analyses based on the index were undertaken to investigate some features of the industry. A case study of Singapore was conducted to show how the contribution index could be used to extract industry patterns and trends and assess the participants’ performance in the green building industry. Interviews with experts provide some suggested applications and support for the findings.

  18. The case of Hong Kong : from conventional building to green building

    OpenAIRE

    Tam, Wing-ming; 譚永明

    2013-01-01

    Resources like water and electricity are limited and the usage of these resources are increasing along with the city’s development. Information released by different environmental organizations suggests that the consumption of these limited resources by a conventional building is huge. Green building plays an important role in improving this situation. This dissertation first finds out the energy usage of conventional buildings from different environmental organizations and different scho...

  19. Landscape architecture student Christina Hicks receives recognition in James River Green Building Council's 2009 Green Spaces Competition

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, Heather Riley

    2009-01-01

    Christina Hicks of Stafford, Va., a fifth-year landscape architecture student, is the Honor Winner of the 2009 James River Green Building Council's (JRGBC) Green Spaces Competition in the student division.

  20. Building green covering for a sustainable use of energy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.A. Campiotti

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays the growth of the cities increased built and paved areas, energy use and heat generation. The phenomenon of urban warming, called urban heat island, influences negatively outdoor comfort conditions, pollutants concentration, energy demand for air conditioning, as well as increases environmental impact due to the demand of energy generation. A sustainable technology for improving the energy efficiency of buildings is the use of green roofs and walls in order to reduce the energy consumption for conditioning in summer and improve the thermal insulation in winter. The use of green roofs and walls can contribute to mitigate the phenomenon of heat island, the emissions of greenhouse gases, and the storm water runoff affecting human thermal comfort, air quality and energy use of the buildings. Recently, a number of municipalities started to adopt regulations and constructive benefits for renovated and new buildings which incorporate green roofs and walls. The aim of this paper is to describe the green roofs and walls plant technology.

  1. Energy conservation with comfort factor. Green building SV - corporate headquarters; Energiesparen mit hohem Wohlfuehlfaktor. Green Building SV-Konzernzentrale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2010-05-15

    One of the most current examples in the increasing Green Building spectrum is the new corporate headquarters of the South German publishing house in Munich (Federal Republic of Germany). This corporate headquarters recently was distinguished as the first office building of Germany with the LEED certificate in gold. Together with a trade-spreading automation of the space functions, the new front creates the conditions for the minimization of the energy consumption of the building. A new fact: The co-workers can select between manual and automated operation of heating, ventilation and space cooling at will.

  2. DOE's Public Database for Green Building Case Studies: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torcellini, P. A.; Crawley, D. B.

    2003-11-01

    To help capture valuable information on''green building'' case studies, the U.S. Department of Energy has created an online database for collecting, standardizing, and disseminating information about high-performance, green projects. Type of information collected includes green features, design processes, energy performance, and comparison to other high-performance, green buildings.

  3. Examination of Green Building Drivers in the South African Construction Industry: Economics versus Ecology

    OpenAIRE

    Abimbola Olukemi Windapo

    2014-01-01

    There is a large body of literature on green buildings, but few studies have focused on the motivation behind the construction of green buildings globally, and in South Africa in particular. This paper investigates the key drivers of green building in the Western Cape Construction Industry of South Africa and examines whether these drivers have changed over time. A comprehensive literature review was undertaken to provide an overview of green building issues globally and in South Africa, fol...

  4. A second-generation environmental performance assessment system for buildings : green building challenge `98

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsson, N.K. [Natural Resources Canada, ON (Canada); Cole, R.J. [University of British Columbia, BC (Canada)

    1997-12-01

    The issue of testing and labelling building materials and products and the criteria that should be used to describe their performance characteristics were discussed. The Green Building Challenge Project was established to develop a method for assessing building performance with an emphasis on energy and environmental performance. International and collaborative processes will be used to develop the method of assessment. The performance of more than 30 comparable buildings from the participating countries will be assessed in 1998 and results of the process will be reported at an international conference scheduled for Vancouver during October 1998. Equal focus will be placed on the performance of the buildings and the adequacy of the assessment framework. The assessment will focus on the following design features: land use, water use, materials, air borne emissions during building production and building operation, solid waste from building operations, liquid waste flows to municipal system, indoor air quality, thermal comfort, noise and acoustics, and longevity. 5 refs., 2 tabs.

  5. Building materials in a green economy: A book review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazi Abdur Rouf

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the book ’Building Materials in a Green Economy' written by Brian Milani (2005. The book has eight chapters. This paper deals with the importance of building materials in our lives. The book mainly focuses on the centrality of building materials in all forms of society global indicates how materials are produced, used and reused, which will inevitably affect the quality of lives of those who harvest/create them versus those who benefit from the materials. Brian Milani highlights that the current process for managing building materials is not done in an eco-conscious manner that would entail conservation, maintenance and recycled materials. He addresses how regulation and education will be the key in making changes in the proper management of building materials. Also looks to understand how the building industry informs ‘positional economic development’; warns the readers about the destruction of the Mother Earth by corporations; and manufacturing not eco-friendly building materials and their wastage. Hence, it is important that corporations should produce building materials that are eco-friendly and care for environmental sovereignty.

  6. From Green Building to Low Carbon Eco-City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    After reviewing the development of energy-saving construction and green buildings in China,the author suggests that in order to develop low carbon cities in China,efforts should be put into both green buildings construction and low carbon ecologic city development.The paper divides the low-carbon ecologic cities into four categories and summarizes the experiences gained from the ecologic city development in Sino-Singapore Ecologic City in Tianjin and Caofeidian in Tangshan.In addition,it also introduces the general idea for low carbon city development in China and the particular requirements for the planning and construction,as well as the critical techniques for low carbon ecologic city development.

  7. Influence of Insulating Materials on Green Building Rating System Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Bisegna

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the impact of a change in the thermal insulating material on both the energy and environmental performance of a building, evaluated through two different green building assessment methods: Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED and Istituto per l’innovazione e Trasparenza degli Appalti e la Compatibilità Ambientale (ITACA. LEED is one of the most qualified rating systems at an international level; it assesses building sustainability thanks to a point-based system where credits are divided into six different categories. One of these is fully related to building materials. The ITACA procedure derives from the international evaluation system Sustainable Building Tool (SBTool, modified according to the Italian context. In the region of Umbria, ITACA certification is composed of 20 technical sheets, which are classified into five macro-areas. The analysis was developed on a residential building located in the central Italy. It was built taking into account the principles of sustainability as far as both structural and technical solutions are concerned. In order to evaluate the influence of thermal insulating material, different configurations of the envelope were considered, replacing the original material (glass wool with a synthetic one (expanded polystyrene, EPS and two natural materials (wood fiber and kenaf. The study aims to highlight how the materials characteristics can affect building energy and environmental performance and to point out the different approaches of the analyzed protocols.

  8. A Financing Model to Solve Financial Barriers for Implementing Green Building Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Sanghyo Lee; Baekrae Lee; Juhyung Kim; Jaejun Kim

    2013-01-01

    Along with the growing interest in greenhouse gas reduction, the effect of greenhouse gas energy reduction from implementing green buildings is gaining attention. The government of the Republic of Korea has set green growth as its paradigm for national development, and there is a growing interest in energy saving for green buildings. However, green buildings may have financial barriers that have high initial construction costs and uncertainties about future project value. Under the circumstan...

  9. Green Buildings – Legal and economic possibilities and limitations to increase the green building stock

    OpenAIRE

    Szecsödy, Emma

    2016-01-01

    Buildings account for about thirty percent of the total emissions of greenhouse gases annually in the world. Forty percent of the world´s energy is consumed by buildings. Buildings are a large part of the world´s environmental problems and it´s hard to ignore this fact. The last decade, awareness of the negative environmental impact we humans have on our planet has increased, and many different environmental commitments flourish in the world today. One way for the construction and real estate...

  10. 77 FR 43084 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Federal Buildings Personnel Training Act...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-23

    ... available for download from the Office of Federal High-Performance Green Building Web site Library at-- http://www.gsa.gov/portal/content/117699 . The Facilities Management Institute, FMI.innovations.gov....innovations.gov (available 08/01/ 2012), an open site where the public, Federal agencies,...

  11. Environmental performance of green building code and certification systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suh, Sangwon; Tomar, Shivira; Leighton, Matthew; Kneifel, Joshua

    2014-01-01

    We examined the potential life-cycle environmental impact reduction of three green building code and certification (GBCC) systems: LEED, ASHRAE 189.1, and IgCC. A recently completed whole-building life cycle assessment (LCA) database of NIST was applied to a prototype building model specification by NREL. TRACI 2.0 of EPA was used for life cycle impact assessment (LCIA). The results showed that the baseline building model generates about 18 thousand metric tons CO2-equiv. of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and consumes 6 terajoule (TJ) of primary energy and 328 million liter of water over its life-cycle. Overall, GBCC-compliant building models generated 0% to 25% less environmental impacts than the baseline case (average 14% reduction). The largest reductions were associated with acidification (25%), human health-respiratory (24%), and global warming (GW) (22%), while no reductions were observed for ozone layer depletion (OD) and land use (LU). The performances of the three GBCC-compliant building models measured in life-cycle impact reduction were comparable. A sensitivity analysis showed that the comparative results were reasonably robust, although some results were relatively sensitive to the behavioral parameters, including employee transportation and purchased electricity during the occupancy phase (average sensitivity coefficients 0.26-0.29).

  12. Energy modeling of two office buildings with data center for green building design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pan, Yiqun; Yin, Rongxin; Huang, Zhizhong [Institute of Building Performance and Technology, Sino-German College of Applied Sciences, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China)

    2008-07-01

    Energy simulation models are developed with EnergyPlus for two office buildings in a R and D center in Shanghai, China to evaluate the energy cost savings of green building design options compared with the baseline building. As a R and D center of an international IT corporation, there are data centers in the two buildings, which make them different from typical office buildings. The data centers house high energy consuming IT equipments and need 24 h air-conditioning every day all year round. In order to achieve energy cost savings, multiple energy efficiency strategies are employed for design proposed building, encompassing high performance building envelope, lighting system, and HVAC system. Through energy modeling, the design proposed options are compared to an ASHRAE 90.1-2004 compliant budget model to highlight energy cost savings versus ''standard practice'' and show the potential LEED trademark Credit EA1 - Optimize Energy Performance. Meanwhile, they are also compared to China Code model to figure out the energy cost savings versus the most popular practice conforming to China Public Building Energy Saving Design Standard. The whole building energy simulation results show that the yearly energy cost saving of the proposed design will be approximately 27% from China Code building and 21% from ASHRAE budget building, which can achieve 4 points for LEED credit due to energy performance optimization. (author)

  13. Process makes product: Demonstration green building at Canadian university

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marques, J.; Pagani, F.; Perdue, J.

    1999-07-01

    In 1992 while in the midst of a C$500 million, ten-year capital expansion program, a Canadian university made a commitment to develop a demonstration green building. The building, which had been budgeted and scheduled prior to this commitment, is a 2,700 m{sup 2} (29,000 ft{sup 2}) office and seminar building, which was designed and constructed without any adjustments to the original budget or to the schedule due to green initiatives. At the outset of the project, the university convened a workshop with the consultants, subconsultants, users, and building operators to develop by consensus a set of targets for site ecology, energy use, water use, material reduction, and waste reduction. The building has met or exceeded the majority of the targets and is being monitored on an ongoing basis. Some of the specific achievements of the project team are a 69% reduction in electricity use from ASHRAE 90.1; a lighting intensity of 9 W/m{sup 2} (0.9 W/ft{sup 2}); on-site wastewater treatment through composting toilets and a constructed wetland for grey water; approximately 50% reused, recycled, and recyclable materials, natural stack ventilation supplemented by fans in temperature extremes; workstations next to operable windows with maximum access to natural light; a construction waste management plan to reduce waste from the site. Process innovations included the commitment from the owner, the establishment of targets by the entire project team, and the inclusion of the subconsultants in the design process from the beginning.

  14. Proceedings of the Canadian Institute's national green buildings forum : evaluating new approaches to plan and construct profitable green building projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This conference provided comprehensive guidance to improving the energy and environmental performance of commercial, institutional and public buildings through sustainable design. It presented key green building projects from Toronto, Vancouver, New York and Austin to demonstrate the impact of green buildings on the real estate market. Best practices for successful development were outlined along with the current requirements and future direction of leading cities. The effects of green office buildings on productivity were also discussed. One of the 16 presentations at this conference has been indexed separately for inclusion in this database. refs., tabs., figs.

  15. The application of ecosystems services criteria for green building assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olgyay, V. [ENSAR Group, Inc., Boulder, CO (United States); Herdt, J. [University of Colorado, Boulder (United States). Associate Professor of Architecture

    2004-10-01

    In the discussion of environmental architecture, we are conjoining two disciplines, the subject of architecture and that of ecology. At their best, green buildings are examples of applied ecology, where designers understand the constitution, organization, and structure of ecosystems, and the impacts of architecture are considered from an environmental perspective. By utilizing the concepts, methods, and language of ecology, designers can create architecture that intentionally engages the natural systems of a site. The establishment of assessment criteria implies the definition of building design criteria. If we establish criteria that are based on our best scientific understanding of environmental capacity, we will begin to develop a building stock that is sustainable. To do this we must quantify the link between the resulting environmental impacts and their cause in building production and use. This is not done in traditional building environmental impact assessment methods, which are based on quantifying assumed negative impacts of man-made interventions on the natural environment, typically using a code compliant reference building as a standard to improve upon. These indexes lack an ecologically derived baseline, or standard of measure, under which sustainable developments can be analyzed and compared on a universal basis. An ecologically derived baseline can be used to measure negative impacts as well as positive impacts of buildings. It also allows vastly different project types, sizes and locations to be compared on an equal basis. This study extends the concept of ecological capacity into an architectural context, and develops carrying capacity as a time and area dependent tool to evaluate the effectiveness of environmental building design. The ecosystem services criteria study uses an objective metric of carrying capacity as an ecologically derived baseline (hectare/years) to assess building sustainability. The farmhouse, a low energy, biological material

  16. 立体绿化增绿方法%Methods of Increasing Green Coverage of Modern Residential Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱双营; 吴云霄

    2009-01-01

    Three-dimensional greening of building is undoubtedly an effective way to increase green coverage and green biomass for cities with crowded buildings, concentrated population and limited land for landscaping. The paper is aimed to study selection of plant species,models of greening and overall patterns of greening of buildings for four major types of three-dimensional greening. The paper also proposes some measures for the development of the three-dimensional greening in the future.

  17. Direct and Indirect Impacts of Vegetation on Building Comfort: A Comparative Study of Lawns, Green Walls and Green Roofs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Malys

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Following development and validation of the SOLENE-microclimat tool, the underlying model was used to compare the impacts of various “greening strategies” on buildings’ summer energy consumption and indoor comfort. This study distinguishes between direct and indirect impacts by successively implementing the test strategies on both the studied building and surrounding ones; it also considers insulated vs. non-insulated buildings. Findings indicate that green walls have a direct effect on indoor comfort throughout the entire building, whereas the effect of green roofs is apparently primarily confined to the upper floor. Moreover, the indirect effect of a green wall is greater, mainly due to the drop in infrared emissions resulting from a lower surface temperature. It has also been proven that the indirect effects of green walls and surrounding lawns can help reduce the loads acting on a non-insulated building.

  18. Assessment of the Green Building Education Needs of North Carolina Real Estate Appraisers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, Lee F., Jr.

    2011-12-01

    The construction industry has experienced little growth since the beginning of the 2008 recession. Despite this phenomenon, green building remains in the forefront as a growing sector within the industry. There are, however, many barriers to the success and widespread adoption of high performance green building practices. This study focused on the real estate appraisal industry's role in determining the value of properties with green features. The study sample included appraisers from regions within North Carolina that have the largest numbers of certified commercial and residential green buildings. The central hypothesis predicted that, regardless of the number of certified green buildings or properties with green building features within the study areas, appraisers lack the experience and knowledge needed in order to provide an accurate appraisal of these properties. The research methods used for this study included surveys, interviews, case studies, and an extensive international literature review. In addition, industry experts throughout the United States were interviewed. The study generated a green building education gap analysis of real estate appraisers in addition to identification of the primary methods currently being used in the valuation of properties with green features. The results of this research will be utilized by green building workforce development providers and for the creation of green building continuing education and regional certification programs for real estate appraisers and other building professionals.

  19. Environmental Perceptions and Health before and after Relocation to a Green Building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacNaughton, Piers; Spengler, John; Vallarino, Jose; Santanam, Suresh; Satish, Usha; Allen, Joseph

    2016-08-01

    Green buildings are designed to have low environmental impacts and improved occupant health and well-being. Improvements to the built environment including ventilation, lighting, and materials have resulted in improved indoor environmental quality (IEQ) in green buildings, but the evidence around occupant health is currently centered around environmental perceptions and self-reported health. To investigate the objective impact of green buildings on health, we tracked IEQ, self-reported health, and heart rate in 30 participants from green and conventional buildings for two weeks. 24 participants were then selected to be relocated to the Syracuse Center of Excellence, a LEED platinum building, for six workdays. While they were there, ventilation, CO2, and volatile organic compound (VOC) levels were changed on different days to match the IEQ of conventional, green, and green+ (green with increased ventilation) buildings. Participants reported improved air quality, odors, thermal comfort, ergonomics, noise and lighting and fewer health symptoms in green buildings prior to relocation. After relocation, participants consistently reported fewer symptoms during the green building conditions compared to the conventional one, yet symptom counts were more closely associated with environmental perceptions than with measured IEQ. On average, participants had 4.7 times the odds of reporting a lack of air movement, 1.4 more symptoms (p-value = 0.019) and a 2 bpm higher heart rate (p-value green and conventional buildings is driven by both environmental perceptions and physiological pathways.

  20. Advanced Interactive Facades - Critical Elements for Future GreenBuildings?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Selkowitz, Stephen; Aschehoug, Oyvind; Lee, Eleanor S.

    2003-11-01

    Building designers and owners have always been fascinated with the extensive use of glass in building envelopes. Today the highly glazed facade has almost become an iconic element for a 'green building' that provides daylighting and a visual connection with the natural environment. Even before the current interest in green buildings there was no shortage of highly glazed building designs. But many of these buildings either rejected sunlight, and some associated daylight and view with highly reflective glazings or used highly transmissive glass and encountered serious internal comfort problems that could only be overcome with large HVAC systems, resulting in significant energy, cost and environmental penalties. From the 1960's to the 1990's innovation in glazing made heat absorbing glass, reflective glass and double glazing commonplace, with an associated set of aesthetic features. In the last decade there has been a subtle shift from trying to optimize an ideal, static design solution using these glazings to making the facade responsive, interactive and even intelligent. More sophisticated design approaches and technologies have emerged using new high-performance glazing, improved shading and solar control systems, greater use of automated controls, and integration with other building systems. One relatively new architectural development is the double glass facade that offers a cavity that can provide improved acoustics, better solar control and enhanced ventilation. Taken to its ultimate development, an interactive facade should respond intelligently and reliably to the changing outdoor conditions and internal performance needs. It should exploit available natural energies for lighting, heating and ventilation, should be able to provide large energy savings compared to conventional technologies, and at the same time maintain optimal indoor visual and thermal comfort conditions. As photovoltaic costs decrease in the future, these onsite power

  1. Dynamic interactions and competing objectives in multifamily green building design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Snell, J. [Peregrine Energy Group, Boston, MA (United States); Neuhauser, K. [Conservation Services Group, Inc., Westborough, MA (United States)

    2005-07-01

    This paper describes the challenges involved in the construction of a mid-rise housing development in Boston, Massachusetts, during which the development team elected to upgrade the initial design criteria from Minimum Building Code to Energy Star and Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification. The various constraints imposed on the development were discussed, including constraints imposed by the involvement of substantial public funds as well as the constraints imposed by various funding sources that were approached to leverage energy efficiency and green building investment via competitive grant solicitations. Building owner and utility cost management priorities were outlined along with details of central mechanical system selection. Issues concerning isolation and compartmentalization were examined along with indoor pollution source control. A building load analysis was presented as well as details of daily heating and cooling statistics. Electric generation system integration issues were also presented. It was concluded that the constraints of the project and conditions of targeted assistance ultimately impeded full integration of the design. As a result, some measures appeared to work at cross-purposes with other objectives. Despite many challenges, the development team made significant progress towards optimization within the realistic constraints of the subsidized housing industry. 4 refs., 4 tabs., 4 figs.

  2. 2009 EnerQuality energy efficiency/green building study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-09-15

    An energy efficiency/green building study was conducted in 2009 related to the perceptions of consumers in making energy efficiency decisions. This presentation provided information and analysis related to the importance of energy efficiency when deciding on a new home purchase; reasons why energy efficiency is important to buyers; energy efficiency features proposed by the builder; the perceived benefit of energy efficient features; and how well builders communicate the benefits of an energy efficient home. In addition, the presentation described energy efficient features purchased by new home buyers and related cost; the likelihood of buyers to search and pay for an energy efficient home; measuring the awareness of different energy efficient certification labels; the importance buyers place on energy efficient certification labels; the importance buyers place on other green building aspects, in addition to energy efficiency; and new home buyers' perceptions toward energy efficiency. The presentation concluded that almost 9 out of 10 homeowners perceive energy efficiency to be important. In addition, cost savings is perceived to be the most important energy efficiency benefit to buyers followed by a healthier indoor environment. figs.

  3. The Teaching Green School Building: A Framework for Linking Architecture and Environmental Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Laura B.

    2014-01-01

    The "Teaching Green School Building" is an emergent type of school building that attempts to engage building users with environmental issues in buildings. Architectural interventions in these buildings range from signage to interactive touch screens to gardens and demonstration kitchens that foster educational programmes about…

  4. Analisa Pengaruh Penerapan Konsep Green Building Terhadap Keputusan Investasi pada National Hospital Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizki Andini

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available National Hospital Surabaya merupakan bangunan yang mengadopsi konsep green building. Terdapat karakteristik biaya yang berbeda antara green building dan non green building dalam hal biaya investasi dan operasional. Oleh karena itu, perlu adanya sebuah analisa biaya terhadap konsep green building yang diterapkan dan faktor-faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi keputusan investasi gedung berkonsep green building pada National Hospital Surabaya. Hasil dari penelitian ini diketahui penerapan green building pada National Hospital Surabaya diaplikasikan pada 3 Konsep Green yaitu Green Design, Green Material, dan Green Technology. Analisa dilakukan pada 3 fitur green building yaitu Kaca Sunergy, AC VRV III, dan Lampu LED. Hasil analisa capital budgeting perbandingan NPV Kaca Sunergy dan Kaca Clear menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan Kaca Clear masih lebih menguntungkan secara finansial daripada Kaca Sunergy. Sedangkan perbandingan NPV AC VRV III dengan AC Standart menunjukkan bahwa NPV AC VRV III lebih besar dari pada NPV AC Standart pada tahun investasi ke-4 yaitu Rp 1.106.990.000.000 dan NPV AC Standart yaitu Rp 1.106.680.000.000. Serta perbandingan NPV Lampu LED dengan Lampu Essensial menunjukkan bahwa NPV Lampu LED lebih besar dari NPV Lampu Essensial pada tahun investasi ke-2 yaitu Rp 517.120.000.000 dan NPV Lampu Essensial yaitu Rp 517.057.000.000.

  5. Development and integration of a green roof model within whole building energy simulation

    OpenAIRE

    Decruz, Aloysius

    2016-01-01

    Green roofs are increasingly being employed as a sustainability feature of buildings. The sustainability approach in building designs requires reducing energy consumption and adopting low carbon energy sources without compromising the increasing expectations of comfort and health levels. Given the wide range of building designs, climates and green roof types, it is desirable to evaluate at the design stage the energy saving impact and other potential benefits from the application of green roo...

  6. A financing model to solve financial barriers for implementing green building projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sanghyo; Lee, Baekrae; Kim, Juhyung; Kim, Jaejun

    2013-01-01

    Along with the growing interest in greenhouse gas reduction, the effect of greenhouse gas energy reduction from implementing green buildings is gaining attention. The government of the Republic of Korea has set green growth as its paradigm for national development, and there is a growing interest in energy saving for green buildings. However, green buildings may have financial barriers that have high initial construction costs and uncertainties about future project value. Under the circumstances, governmental support to attract private funding is necessary to implement green building projects. The objective of this study is to suggest a financing model for facilitating green building projects with a governmental guarantee based on Certified Emission Reduction (CER). In this model, the government provides a guarantee for the increased costs of a green building project in return for CER. And this study presents the validation of the model as well as feasibility for implementing green building project. In addition, the suggested model assumed governmental guarantees for the increased cost, but private guarantees seem to be feasible as well because of the promising value of the guarantee from CER. To do this, certification of Clean Development Mechanisms (CDMs) for green buildings must be obtained.

  7. Examination of Green Building Drivers in the South African Construction Industry: Economics versus Ecology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abimbola Olukemi Windapo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available There is a large body of literature on green buildings, but few studies have focused on the motivation behind the construction of green buildings globally, and in South Africa in particular. This paper investigates the key drivers of green building in the Western Cape Construction Industry of South Africa and examines whether these drivers have changed over time. A comprehensive literature review was undertaken to provide an overview of green building issues globally and in South Africa, followed by an empirical investigation into the drivers of green building in South Africa using a multi-case study approach. The findings reveal that the key drivers of green building include rising energy costs, the industry’s Green Star rating system, competitive advantages and legislation. The study also indicates that these key drivers have not changed significantly over time. Taken together, these results suggest that the increase in green building has little to do with ecological factors and more to do with economic factors—operational costs and stakeholder demands. The paper concludes that as long as the cost of energy continues to increase and there are recognised industry rating systems in place, the need for green buildings is likely to remain.

  8. A Financing Model to Solve Financial Barriers for Implementing Green Building Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanghyo Lee

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Along with the growing interest in greenhouse gas reduction, the effect of greenhouse gas energy reduction from implementing green buildings is gaining attention. The government of the Republic of Korea has set green growth as its paradigm for national development, and there is a growing interest in energy saving for green buildings. However, green buildings may have financial barriers that have high initial construction costs and uncertainties about future project value. Under the circumstances, governmental support to attract private funding is necessary to implement green building projects. The objective of this study is to suggest a financing model for facilitating green building projects with a governmental guarantee based on Certified Emission Reduction (CER. In this model, the government provides a guarantee for the increased costs of a green building project in return for CER. And this study presents the validation of the model as well as feasibility for implementing green building project. In addition, the suggested model assumed governmental guarantees for the increased cost, but private guarantees seem to be feasible as well because of the promising value of the guarantee from CER. To do this, certification of Clean Development Mechanisms (CDMs for green buildings must be obtained.

  9. Green Building. Sustainable building in the USA and Canada; Green Building. Duurzaam bouwen in de VS en Canada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van der Wees, G. [Office for Science and Technology, Royal Netherlands Embassy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1996-12-31

    First, attention is paid to the development and use of new construction techniques, including the use of new building materials, e.g. synthetic materials and the so-called steel frame method. Next, the reduction of the energy consumption during the service life of a house is discussed. The reduction can be realized by means of passive methods, e.g. improved windows, thermal insulation and design, or by means of active methods, e.g. electric load monitoring. The information in this article mainly concerns the housing construction in the USA and Canada. The purpose of this article to contribute to the discussion in the Netherlands on innovation in the building technology, e.g. formulated in the report `Bouwvisie 2010` (Vision on Buildings for the year 2010) of the Dutch Advisory Board Technology Policy for the Building Industry (ARTB, abbreviated in Dutch) and the building technology policy of the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs (EZ). 4 figs., 2 tabs., 23 refs.

  10. A habitat template approach to green building surfaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lundholm, J. [St. Mary' s Univ., Halifax, NS (Canada). Dept. of Biology and Environmental Studies

    2005-07-01

    The use of entire plant communities of native species is gaining interest in the green roof industry. Plant communities must be matched with environmental conditions that mimic conditions in their original habitats. Urban built environments do not differ significantly from the rocky outcrops with poor, shallow soil that many plants colonize. This paper provided details of an experiment investigating the impact of plant community structure and species diversity on living roof performance. The aim of the experiment was to determine the impact of species diversity on precipitation interception, nutrient retention, temporal biomass constancy and roof temperature constancy. The diversity treatment included separate monocultures of 8 species in the community, randomly determined mixtures of 4 species, and a mixture of all 8. Functional groups included mosses, liverworts, colonial algae and a mycorrhizal inoculum. In a second experiment, between 1 and 4 of the functional groups were added to plots containing the same mixture of vascular plants. All experimental groups were compared with control roof plots with standard gravel. Results suggested that the physical and chemical parameters of a particular habitat shape the evolution of organisms and act as a filter to screen out many potential colonizing species not suited to particular habitats. It was concluded that a quantification of the key abiotic constraints that shape organismal responses to a given environment will help to improve ecosystem functions in green buildings. 25 refs., 6 figs.

  11. Results of a market studies on Green Building. More than a niche market; Ergebnisse einer Marktstudie zum Thema Green Building. Mauerbluemchendasein abgelegt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bauer, Michael (Drees and Sommer Advanced Building Technologies GmbH, Stuttgart)

    2009-11-15

    Green Building has become a widely discussed issue, not least as a result of the current economic crisis and the effects of global warming. In empirical studies, the opinions and expectations of the construction and real estate industry on this issue were investigated. It was found that green buildings are no longer a niche product; instead, they have become a fully fledged business option. (orig.)

  12. A Study on Plant Selection for Green Building Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izudinshah Abd. Wahab

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Previous researches show that incorporating natural elements in design has proven a significant result in balancing building indoor environment. Using plant as part of the design has been widely accepted to contribute good thermal impact as shown in bioclimatic design, green roofing system and living wall elements. As there are so many species of plants for selection, this research was carried out to analyze types of indoor plants that have the potential to contribute thermal comfort to their surrounding. Based on the fact that plant leaves are the part where transpiration and guttation take place, plants are categorized into seven types based on their leaves architecture. They were then tested on their impact on surrounding temperature and humidity. Result shows that Linear, Lanceolate and Oblong shaped leaves categories are good in lowering the relative humidity while the categories that are good in lowering the temperature are Linear, Lanceolate, Cordate and Oblong shaped leaves categories. The study was carried out through series of relative humidity and air temperature monitoring of several room casings that consist with the plants. Both relative humidity and air temperature of the rooms with plants were recorded lower compared with the one without plant. Different categories of plants do give good result in relative humidity and air temperature. Thus, with a good combination of plant installation inside or onto building, it may contribute towards providing a good thermal comfort to the occupants.

  13. Making the Case for Green Building: Cataloging the Benefits of Environmentally Responsible Design & Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Alex

    2008-01-01

    To those entrenched in the green building world, the benefits seem obvious. Why would anyone choose to build in a way that isn't comfortable, healthy, energy efficient, and environmentally responsible? Even within a single college or university project, different team members often have different reasons for promoting a green agenda. Architects…

  14. The market for green building in developed Asian cities. The perspectives of building designers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chan, Edwin H.W.; Qian, Queena K.; Lam, Patrick T.I. [Department of Building and Real Estate, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR (China)

    2009-08-15

    Green building (GB) is part of the concept of promoting sustainability. Although GB and the concept of sustainability are well studied for environmental concerns, their business rationale and related social concerns have not been fully explored or widely accepted by the parties involved in the building sector. In this study, the situation of GB market in relation to the general building market is reviewed and the business rationales of stakeholders to invest in the GB market have been investigated from the perspective of building designers. In addition, the factors that enhance the popularity of GB have been explored and the obstacles that hinder its market have been examined. The data are collected by a questionnaire survey covering building designers in Hong Kong and Singapore, the cities that are categorized as economically developed cities in Asia. After data analysis of the survey, this paper presents the findings of the business reasons for stakeholders to be involved in GB, the most favorable conditions required to promote GB business and the important obstacles that hinder its popularity. Based on the findings, recommendations and policy implications are tendered. (author)

  15. The market for green building in developed Asian cities-the perspectives of building designers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chan, Edwin H.W. [Department of Building and Real Estate, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong (China); Qian, Queena K. [Department of Building and Real Estate, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong (China)], E-mail: queena.qian@polyu.edu.hk; Lam, Patrick T.I. [Department of Building and Real Estate, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong (China)

    2009-08-15

    Green building (GB) is part of the concept of promoting sustainability. Although GB and the concept of sustainability are well studied for environmental concerns, their business rationale and related social concerns have not been fully explored or widely accepted by the parties involved in the building sector. In this study, the situation of GB market in relation to the general building market is reviewed and the business rationales of stakeholders to invest in the GB market have been investigated from the perspective of building designers. In addition, the factors that enhance the popularity of GB have been explored and the obstacles that hinder its market have been examined. The data are collected by a questionnaire survey covering building designers in Hong Kong and Singapore, the cities that are categorized as economically developed cities in Asia. After data analysis of the survey, this paper presents the findings of the business reasons for stakeholders to be involved in GB, the most favorable conditions required to promote GB business and the important obstacles that hinder its popularity. Based on the findings, recommendations and policy implications are tendered.

  16. Healthy Buildings and Green Building Rating Systems; Gezond bouwen en duurzaamheidslabels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergs, J.; Renes, S. [BenR Adviseurs voor duurzaamheid, Amersfoort (Netherlands)

    2010-11-15

    The awareness of health issues related to buildings has heightened past decades. Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) has been addressed in most Green Building Rating Systems nowadays. This article analyses the scope of IEQ (Indoor Environmental Quality) within Rating Systems GPR Gebouw, BREEAM-NL (Dutch version of Building Research Establishment's Environmental Assessment Method) and LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design). Each Rating System allocates health aspects. However, none of these Rating Systems addresses a complete set of relevant aspects. High ratings do not guarantee healthy buildings. It is concluded that, in general, credits for energy efficiency do not interfere with credits for enhanced indoor environmental quality. [Dutch] Gezondheidsaspecten van gebouwen hebben afgelopen decennia steeds meer en integraler aandacht gekregen. In de instrumenten GPR Gebouw, BREEAM-NL (Nederlandse versien van 'Building Research Establishment's Environmental Assessment Method') en LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is gezondheid 1 van de duurzaamheidsthema's, in dit artikel wordt geconcludeerd dat deze instrumenten veel gezondheidsaspecten dekken maar dat geen enkel instrument echt volledig is. De 1 legt meer accent op gezondheid, de ander meer op comfort. Een hoog label biedt geen garantie voor een gezond gebouw. De instrumenten bevatten weinig potentieel strijdige aspecten. Gezond en energiezuinig bouwen gaan volgens deze instrumenten goed samen.

  17. 绿色建筑评价探讨%Discussion on Evaluation of Green Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘朝永

    2013-01-01

    介绍GB/T 50378-2006《绿色建筑评价标准》、《绿色建筑评价技术细则》(试行)、 JGJ/T 229-2010《民用建筑绿色设计规范》关于绿色建筑评价标识的规定;针对目前绿色建筑评价标准的局限性提出建议。%The paper gives an account on the provisions on evaluation identification of green buildings specified in GB/T 50378-2006 Evaluation Standard for Green Building, Detailed Rules on Evaluation Techniques for Green Buildings ( on trial) and JGJ / T 229-2010 Code for Green Design of Civil Buildings , and provides suggestions on current limitations in evaluation standards for green buildings.

  18. Comparative Policy Study for Green Buildings in U.S. and China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khanna, Nina; Romankiewicz, John; Feng, Wei; Zhou, Nan; Ye, Qing

    2014-04-01

    Prominent barriers facing the U.S. green building industry include the fact that government bodies that supervise health, fire safety, land, and other public operations are slow to revise codes to accommodate green building (regulatory barrier). In China, the lack of a green building professional accreditation process similar to the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) AP process limits the green building workforce capacity development (informational barrier). The main policies highlighted in this report to tackle these barriers are 1) comprehensive codes and labeling plan (informational, institutional), 2) government-led targets and demonstrations (risk), 3) education and awareness programs (informational), 4) fiscal policy that supports green building investment (financial), and 5) integrated design promotion (institutional, financial).

  19. A critical review of green building labeling systems : the U.S. LEED, the China GBL and the Hong Kong BEAM -- (a green war among international, national and local green building labeling systems)

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The world’s first green building labeling system, the U.K. BREEAM, was announced in 1990. From 1990 to 2007, the development of global green building market was slow. One of the triggers of the formation of green market was the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007, which was awarded to Al Gore and the IPCC scientists, in appreciation of their contribution to the debate on Global Warming. After 2007, the global green building market increased rapidly, and especially the globalization of the U.S. LEED sys...

  20. A Pragmatist Perspective on Building Intercultural Communicative Competency: From Theory to Classroom Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moeller, Aleidine J.; Osborn, Sarah R. Faltin

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes and synthesizes the major theoretical frameworks for building intercultural communicative competency (ICC) within the domain of the foreign language classroom. Researchers used a pragmatist orientation as a venue for the translation of theoretical models into usable, accessible guidelines for classroom teachers in order to…

  1. Green building in the USA; Groen bouwen is het nieuwe modewoord in de VS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Staals, B. [Office for Science and Technology, Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Washington DC (United States)

    2007-05-15

    Green Building means that buildings are designed and constructed in an environment-friendly way or that the use of buildings is environment-friendly. In the US there is a growing trend with respect to commercial developments in this field. The US Green Building Council (USGBC) is one of the organizations that are very active. Since the start of the programme Leadership in Energy and Environment (LEED) in 2000 USGBC issued 741 certificates for green building. [Dutch] Groen Bouwen houdt in dat er milieuvriendelijk gebouwd wordt of dat gebouwen mileuvriendelijk zijn in het gebruik. In de VS is er een zichtbare trend waarneembaar van commerciele ontwikkelingen op dit gebied. De US Green Building Council (USGBC) is een van de organisaties die daarin een grote rol speelt. Sinds de lancering van het programma Leadership in Energy and Environment (LEED) in 2000 heeft USGBC voor 741 gebouwen een certificaat voor groen bouwen afgegeven.

  2. Brief Analysis on Building High Efficiency of Classroom Teaching in Primary School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘智爱

    2013-01-01

    It has three aspects to discuss the strategy on how to build the high efficiency classroom teaching from the preparation before class, the teaching process and the teaching after the class. New curriculum reformation calls for the innovation of classroom to build the efficient class and then effectively inspire students’ learning enthusiasms. It requires teachers should make clear, scientific, comprehensive teaching objectives and control the whole teaching processes. Let the students enjoy the successfull learning and enhance their confidence in learning English.

  3. Challenges in Delivering Green Building Projects: Unearthing the Transaction Costs (TCs)

    OpenAIRE

    Queena K. Qian; Edwin H.W. Chan; Abd Ghani Khalid

    2015-01-01

    Delivering green building (GB) projects involve some activities that are atypical in comparison with conventional buildings. Such new activities are characterized by uncertainty, and they incur hidden costs that have not been expected nor are they readily appreciated among the stakeholders. This paper develops a typology and chronology to examine the new activities that are associated with transaction costs (TCs) in the real estate development process (REDP) of green building. Through in-dept...

  4. Dual certification for bank skyscrapers. A company headquarter gets a Green Building; Duale Zertifizierung fuer Bank-Tuerme. Eine Konzernzentrale wird zum Green Building

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luft, Christian; Bauer, Michael [Drees und Sommer Advanced Building Technologies GmbH, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    Fire protection regulations force the Deutsche Bank AG (Frankfurt/Main, Federal Republic of Germany) to extensive reorganization measures in order to continuously operate their buildings. As part of a complete renovation, Deutsche Bank AG has stipulated a modern, innovative and sustainable example. This is confirmed by the Green Building Certification with the US american label LEED registered in Platinum as well as the German sustainability certificate of the Germain Sustainable Building Council (Stuttgart, Federal Republic of Germany) in gold.

  5. Mind the Gap:Predicted vs.Actual Performance of Green Buildings%Mind the Gap:Predicted vs. Actual Performance of Green Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Brett Pollard

    2012-01-01

    This paper reviews the major North American and Australian sustainability rating tools to determine how they measure building energy performance. It then reviews the major building energy simulation software packages.The paper then details some of the literature surrounding predicted vs. actual energy performance in green buildings,and concludes with an argument for a more performance-orientated ratings regime.

  6. Building Effective Green Energy Programs in Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozell, Maureen R.; Liston, Cynthia D.

    2010-01-01

    Community colleges across the country are engaged in large-scale federal and state initiatives to train low-income individuals for the nascent field that's become known as "green jobs." Many green economy advocates believe that green jobs training can be part of career pathways that help move unemployed and disconnected individuals--who are often…

  7. Sustainability in Schools: Why Green Buildings Have Become a Catalyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Stephanie; Dunbar, Brian; Schiller, Craig

    2012-01-01

    With the increase in both green school construction and research linking green schools to healthier students, higher performance and financial return on investment, it is no surprise that the green school design practices are quickly becoming standard practice. This is reason for celebration, yet there are still many mountains to climb to achieve…

  8. PROSPECTS FOR CERTIFICATION OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS ON THE "GREEN" STANDARDS IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TIMOSHENKO E. А.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Problem formulation. We consider the main principles of urban ecology as a basis for the creation and development of "green" building. The purpose of article. The purpose of this article is to analyze the international certification scheme for buildings "green" standards, as well as the prospects of Ukraine in the formation of national "green" standards in residential construction. Analysis of publications. The main objectives of promotion of "green" building and certification in Ukraine is the union of experts from various fields, training of the relevant standards, the development of the regulatory framework, as well as the market development of ecological materials and services, the positioning "green" construction as a rational approach to the design stage of the building, in the future will help to optimize operating costs. The presentation material. One of the primary tasks of promoting "green" building in Ukraine is to develop a national standard for green building, as there is currently no data on the systems of certified projects LEED, BREEAM and other voluntary rating systems. Conclusions lie in the feasibility of certification of real estate investors, tenants and designers of public buildings.

  9. Dynamic Simulation of the Green Roofs Impact on Building Energy Performance, Case Study of Antananarivo, Madagascar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hery Tiana Rakotondramiarana

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Green roofs improve building energy performance and constitute an alternative to sustainable buildings. A green roof model is dynamically coupled with a building thermal model to assess its energy performance that takes into account the indoor air temperature dynamic changes. Under the climate conditions in Antananarivo, we compared green and conventional roofs. The present study shows that green roofs protect the roof structure under extreme temperature and large temperature fluctuations. For the case of Antananarivo, the amplitude of the temperature fluctuations at the top face of the support is reduced by 28 °C when using green roof. The impact of the green roof on indoor air temperature and energy demand is investigated. The vegetation decreases the maximum indoor air temperature and improves the building thermal comfort during summer days. It has no effect on the minimum indoor air temperature, but additional soil thickness can increase it. In addition, a global sensitivity analysis, which is carried out on the proposed model without considering any specific weather data, allows us to identify the most influential parameters on the energy demand. It has been found that green roofs have almost insignificant thermal impact in insulated buildings; however, their potential prevails over the building envelope and weather characteristics in the case of non-insulated building.

  10. Environmental effects and energy efficiency in building design - a green building approach. Pt. 1. Energy efficiency techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Egle, C.; Pitts, G.C.

    1993-12-31

    A research report describes the energy efficiency techniques to be employed in designing a building which is ``green``. Topics covered include building fabric performance, ventilation and infiltration, passive solar design, heating systems and controls, hot and cold water provision, lighting and electrical appliances. (UK)

  11. Green Template for Life Cycle Assessment of Buildings Based on Building Information Modeling: Focus on Embodied Environmental Impact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sungwoo Lee

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The increased popularity of building information modeling (BIM for application in the construction of eco-friendly green buildings has given rise to techniques for evaluating green buildings constructed using BIM features. Existing BIM-based green building evaluation techniques mostly rely on externally provided evaluation tools, which pose problems associated with interoperability, including a lack of data compatibility and the amount of time required for format conversion. To overcome these problems, this study sets out to develop a template (the “green template” for evaluating the embodied environmental impact of using a BIM design tool as part of BIM-based building life-cycle assessment (LCA technology development. Firstly, the BIM level of detail (LOD was determined to evaluate the embodied environmental impact, and constructed a database of the impact factors of the embodied environmental impact of the major building materials, thereby adopting an LCA-based approach. The libraries of major building elements were developed by using the established databases and compiled evaluation table of the embodied environmental impact of the building materials. Finally, the green template was developed as an embodied environmental impact evaluation tool and a case study was performed to test its applicability. The results of the green template-based embodied environmental impact evaluation of a test building were validated against those of its actual quantity takeoff (2D takeoff, and its reliability was confirmed by an effective error rate of ≤5%. This study aims to develop a system for assessing the impact of the substances discharged from concrete production process on six environmental impact categories, i.e., global warming (GWP, acidification (AP, eutrophication (EP, abiotic depletion (ADP, ozone depletion (ODP, and photochemical oxidant creation (POCP, using the life a cycle assessment (LCA method. To achieve this, we proposed an LCA method

  12. The impact of a 'green' building on employees' physical and psychological wellbeing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thatcher, Andrew; Milner, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Multiple claims and some empirical findings suggest that 'green' buildings should be healthier (psychologically and physically) and promote greater productivity than conventional buildings. The empirical evidence in this regard over the last decade or so has been inconclusive suggesting either that the studies are flawed or that there are specific aspects of green buildings that promote wellbeing and productivity and others that do not. This study looks at a longitudinal comparison of two groups; a group that moved into South Africa's first GreenStar-accredited building and a group that did not. Measures were taken before the move and six months later. Results demonstrated that the 'green' building did not produce significantly better physical or psychological wellbeing, or higher perceived productivity. These results are discussed in relation to suggestions for what design features to focus on that may produce significant results.

  13. Discussion on Green Buildings%浅谈绿色建筑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈婷

    2014-01-01

    当今社会,为了解决人类生存和可持续发展这两大问题,绿色建筑应运而生。将绿色建筑的设计理念融入其中,是新时代建筑应该具备的能力。本文浅议了绿色建筑概念、内涵,并例举了一些绿色建筑实例。%In current society, in order to solve these two problems of human survival and sustainable development, green building emerged as the times required. It is the ability of the new era of building to contain the design of concept of green building. This paper analyzed the concept and the con- notation of green building and cited some examples of green building.

  14. Mind the Gap:Predicted vs.Actual Performance of Green Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Brett Pollard

    2012-01-01

    This paper reviews the major North American and Australian sustainability rating tools to determine how they measure building energy performance.It then reviews the major building energy simulation software packages.The paper then details some of the literature surrounding predicted vs.actual energy performance in green buildings,and concludes with an argument for a more performance-orientated ratings regime.

  15. Green building benefits: Differences in perceptions and experiences across manufacturing shifts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heerwagen, J.H. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Seattle, WA (United States); Wise, J.A. [Eco-Integrations, Inc., Richland, WA (United States)

    1998-02-01

    Are green buildings good for occupants? This is the central question addressed in a study, funded by the US Dept. of Energy (Office of Building, Technology, State, and Community Programs), to develop a protocol for assessing the ancillary benefits of green buildings. Ancillary benefits are defined as unexpected or hidden positive outcomes that accrue as a result of the green building but that are not directly related to design goals for energy efficiency and environmental sustainability. If occupant benefits of green buildings are as substantial as thought, understanding how workers perceive and experience them is an important step toward designing green facilities that are truly supportive of human performance and well-being. In this article, the authors explore differences in the perceptions and experiences of daytime and night-shift workers in a new green manufacturing facility. Particular attention is paid to the heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems and worker comfort. After presenting summaries of the data, they discuss the extent to which differences can be attributed to the green attributes of the building or to other potential factors, such as other design features and the nature of shift work itself.

  16. Occupant satisfaction with the acoustical environment : green office buildings before and after treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hodgson, M. [British Columbia Univ., Vancouver, BC (Canada). School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Acoustics and Noise Research Group

    2009-07-01

    Sustainable architecture is meant to preserve the environment and conserve natural resources, as well as provide an environment for the occupants that promotes wellbeing and productivity. Occupants generally claim that the acoustical environment is the least satisfactory aspect of green office buildings. They are dissatisfied with excessive noise and poor speech privacy. This paper reported on the results of 2 studies of the acoustical environments in green office buildings before and after acoustical-control measures were installed. Acoustical quality was evaluated by occupant-satisfaction surveys and acoustical-parameter measurements. The first study, which involved 6 green office buildings, showed that buildings designed to obtain LEED ratings are unlikely to have satisfactory acoustical environments. A naturally-ventilated, green university building with a poor acoustical environment was examined in the second study. The results of this study suggest that improving acoustical environments in green buildings requires good acoustical design, with input from an acoustical specialist from the beginning of the design process. The design should consider site selection and building orientation; external envelope and penetrations in it; building layout and internal partitions; HVAC systems; appropriate dimensioning of spaces; and the amount and location of sound absorbing treatments. The study also showed that a building's energy efficiency, lighting, ventilation, air-quality and acoustics are interconnected, and that no aspect can be successfully designed in isolation. It was concluded that optimized engineering-control measures can improve poor acoustical environments. 11 refs., 1 tab., 1 fig.

  17. From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-10-01

    Fact sheet offering practical information about building energy efficient buildings and using renewable energy. Includes a checklist and resources. Highlights successful projects in Greensburg, Kansas.

  18. KPI Building Blocks For Successful Green Transport Corridor Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prause Gunnar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The green transport corridor concept represents a cornerstone in the development of integrated and sustainable transport solutions. Important properties of green corridors are their transnational character and their high involvement of large numbers of public and private stakeholders, including political level, requiring sophisticated approaches for implementation, management and governance. The current scientific discussion focusses on Key Performance Indicators (KPI for monitoring and management of green transport corridor performance emphasizing the operational aspects.

  19. Optimizing the building envelopes with green roofs : a discussion of architectural and energy performance requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hagerman, J. [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering]|[Rafael Vinoly Architects, New York, NY (United States); Hodge, D. [Rafael Vinoly Architects, New York, NY (United States)

    2006-07-01

    This paper provided recommendations for optimized green roof technologies inspired by an architect firm's involvement in designing a 255,000 square foot green roof on top of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute's Janelia Farm Research Campus in Virginia. During the course of the green roof construction and installation, the architects found that green roofs needed design flexibility to meet their conceptual design requirements. It was suggested that the use of a modular system might allow for easier inspection access as well as the ability for the planting material to be reconfigured. It was noted that green roof systems can sometimes conflict with water management strategies of the building envelope. Green roof component lists do not make reference to the layers of construction within the building envelope, as it is often assumed that they are irrelevant to green roof design. Modular products offer Architects flexibility in design and maintenance, and products can be incorporated into more sophisticated water management details, offering simplicity of design, ease of installation, and ease of roof membrane inspection. A thermal analysis of modular and monolithic roof assemblies was conducted which showed that the assemblies contributed very little to the overall thermal insulation envelope when the positive thermal benefits of the green roof failed. It was recommended that green roof installations should be designed to sit directly on top of the roof membranes to replace the building's insulation envelope. Foamglas was proposed as a material for building insulation and to prevent root penetration. An evaluation of the R-values of various green roof systems at failure was also provided to give guidance to Architects incorporating green roofs in building envelopes. 3 refs., 3 tabs., 8 figs.

  20. Green Building Challenge 98 (GBC 98) - process, boundary conditions, tools of assessment, demonstration projects. Final report; Green Building Challenge 98 (GBC 98) - Prozess, Rahmenwerk, Bewertungstool, Demonstrationsgebaeude. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loehnert, G. [Solidar Planungsgesellschaft Architekten und Ingenieure, Berlin (Germany); Luetzkendorf, T. [Bauhaus-Universitaet Weimar (DE). Inst. fuer Ressourcenschonendes Bauen (IREB); Schuler, M. [TRANSSOLAR Energietechnik GmbH, Stuttgart (Germany); Kohler, N. [ifib, Universitaet Karlsruhe (TH) (Germany)

    2000-06-01

    Project goals: (a) Establishment of general definitions for green buildings on the basis of national and regional conditions for individualized application of an assessment system; (b) Transfer of environmentally and energy-relevant planning indicators from successful projects to other projects in order to produce multiplication effects; (c) Development of internationally comparable orientation aids and standards for green buildings, identification and documentation of exceptional and standard-setting buildings; (d) Development and follow-up of a long-term development process and information exchange for providing the preconditions for advertizing and marketing of green building concepts. [German] Zielsetzung und Anlass des Vorhabens: Entwicklung und Information ueber die Fortschritte und Umsetzungsmoeglichkeiten in der Bewertung von Leistungen und Qualitaeten umweltentlastender Bauweisen fuer Wissenschaftler, Planer und Bauherren. Die Projektziele verfolgen im einzelnen die: (a) Schaffung allgemeingueltiger Definitionen umweltgerechter Bauweisen (green buildings) auf der Basis nationaler / regional-spezifischer Bedingungen fuer die individuelle Anwendung eines Bewertungssystems (b) Uebertragung von umwelt- und energierelevanten Planungsindikatoren aus erfolgreichen Einzelprojekten auf andere Projekte zur Erzeugung von Multiplikatoreneffekten (c) Entwicklung international vergleichbarer Orientierungshilfen und Massstaebe fuer das umweltgerechte Gebaeude sowie die Identifizierung und Dokumentation aussergewoehnlicher und vorbildlicher Gebaeude (d) Foerderung und Pflege eines langfristigen Entwicklungsprozesses und Informationsaustausches mit dem Ziel, Voraussetzungen zur Werbung und Marktumsetzung 'gruener' Gebaeude-/Baukonzepte zu liefern. (orig.)

  1. Discussion on the way of green building promotion%谈推行绿色建筑的途径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖建

    2015-01-01

    阐述了绿色建筑的概念与特征,结合绿色建筑的产生背景,介绍了完善绿色建筑机制、倡导绿色设计理念、加强绿色施工管理等推行绿色建筑的途径,促使绿色建筑逐步取代传统建筑,达到建筑与自然环境的融合。%This paper illustrated the concept and characteristics of green building,combining with the background of green building,introduced perfect green building mechanism,advocated the green design concept,strengthened green construction management and other ways to promote green building,promoted the green building gradually replaced the traditional building,achieved the fusion of building and natural environment.

  2. New green facades as passive systems for energy savings on buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Coma Arpón, Julià; Pérez Luque, Gabriel; Solé Cutrona, Cristian; Castell, Albert; Cabeza, Luisa F.

    2014-01-01

    2013 ISES Solar World Congress The new technologies of plants integration on buildings offer new possibilities from the sustainable construction point of view, especially in energy savings. In previous studies the great capacity of double-skin green facade or green screen to intercept solar radiation was confirmed, observing differences up to 18 °C in surface temperatures between sunny and shade areas on the wall of the building. The experiment presented here consists of two identical hous...

  3. Research on the Weight of Index for the Assessment Standard for Green Store Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Zhao; Jian Kang; Hong Jin

    2014-01-01

    Assessment standard for green store building of national standard has been compiled. The index has been given by experts’ subjective assignment based on experience. Analytic hierarchy process has been used, making questionnaires of experts, using pairwise comparison and calculating the weight of each index. The weight of index in assessment would not only make quantitative evaluation on the whole situation of green store buildings, but also provide the foundation for compilation and revision.

  4. Theoretical Explanations of Environmental Motivations and Expectations of Clients on Green Building Demand and Investment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iheanyichukwu Joachim, Onuoha; Kamarudin, Norhaya; Uche Aliagha, Godwin; Ufere, Kalu Joseph

    2015-01-01

    In building industry, green demand and investment creates a positive footprint on the environment. However, these environmental opportunities have not been adequately harnessed and explored by Clients of green building apparently because of poor understanding of the motivating drivers and benefits accruing from green building demand and investment. The decision to demand for or invest in green building is influenced by certain environmental motivating drivers and expectations which have not been fully examined by researchers and not well understood by stakeholders. Based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) and Theory of Value Belief Norm (VBN) explanations, this study focused on the Clients, purchasers and users' motivations and intentions to go for green building. Based on the reviewed theories, we hypothesized that environmental motivations and expectations for green building demand and investment are embedded in the environmental quest for protection of eco-system and bio-diversity, improvement of water and air quality, reduction of solid waste, conservation of natural resources, reduction of societal costs of landfill creation and maintenance, minimization of site impact and reduction emission to air and enhanced energy efficiency. However, the predictive validity of these propositions depends on the client's beliefs, values, social pressure, and perceived behavioural control.

  5. 广义建筑节能与绿色建筑%Generalized Building Energy Saving and Green Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽; 钱锋; Bing Wang

    2016-01-01

    现今能耗与环境破坏日益严重,可持续绿色建筑设计受到世界范围内的广泛关注。迫切要求我国建筑业走可持续发展之路,大力推行绿色建筑,建立相应的绿色建筑环境评价体系,使绿色建筑的各项技术措施和手段落到实处。广义建筑节能理念不同于传统建筑节能,它相比其更直接、更全面,对帮助绿色建筑环境的建设有创新性的突破。文章提出了广义建筑节能的概念,从整体节能、海绵城市、既有建筑改造、节能建筑材料、城市整体规划、节能评估考虑,旨在分析广义建筑节能与绿色建筑环境的关系。%The energy consumption and environmental destruction is becoming worse and worse, design of sustainable green building is widely concerned worldwide. It urgently requires China's building industry to go a sustainable development way, forcefully promotes green building, establishes corresponding environmental evaluation system for green buildings and fulfills each technical measures of green building. Different from traditional building energy saving, the generalized building energy saving concept is more direct and comprehensive and it has innovative breakthrough for construction of green building environment. The paper proposes the concept of generalized energy saving from overall energy saving, sponge city, remolding of existing buildings, energy saving building material, overall urban planning to energy saving evaluation aiming at analyze the relationship between generalized building energy saving and green building environment.

  6. The Costs of Not Using Green Design in the USAF: Would Using Green Building Design Have Resulted in Life Cycle Cost

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    This study’s purpose is to determine if using green building design would have resulted in life cycle costs savings for the United States Air Force...environmental benefits from green design. The literature review also shows the extent the Air Force and Department of Defense have incorporated green ... building standards into current policy. After performing an analysis of Air Force building data, this study suggests that deciding to build green would not pay for itself based off of energy and environmental benefits alone.

  7. Formulating Guidelines for Effective Implementation of Green Building Scheme of the Urban Local Bodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ar. Namrata Amarjeet Mahal

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The long-term benefits of green buildings are known at all levels of Government; hence efforts have been taken to promote and incentivize National Green Building Rating System- GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment. Presently, the GRIHA footprint is approximately 29 million square meters, which is less as compared to the pace of development in India. Having said that and presuming the existence of implementation challenges, this research study was conceptualized, primarily with the objective to understand the existing green building policies incentivizing GRIHA, the implementation challenges associated with it and finally formulating guidelines for effective implementation of green building scheme of the ULB (Urban Local Body. The research study based on primary information collated from 71 stakeholders and secondary sources, was concluded with the understanding that the following four components (i Information Management (ii Human Resource Management (iii Knowledge Management (iv Incentive model & outreach and its detailing as elaborated in the paper is of paramount importance for effective implementation of the green building scheme at the ULB level.

  8. Exploring Socio-Technical Features of Green Interior Design of Residential Buildings: Indicators, Interdependence and Embeddedness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Ning

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to develop indicators for assessing green interior design of new residential buildings in China, grounded in the socio-technical systems approach. The research was carried out through a critical literature review and two focus group studies. The results show that the boundaries of green interior design were identified with respect to three dimensions, namely performance, methodology and stakeholders. The socio-technical systems approach argues for the recognition of the interdependence between the systems elements and the feature of embeddedness. The interdependence of the systems elements exists within each of these three dimensions and across them. It is also found that the socio-technical systems of green interior design are embedded in the social, regulatory and geographic context. Taking interior design of residential buildings as the empirical setting, this study contributes to the literature of green building assessment by presenting a socio-technical systems approach.

  9. Challenges in Delivering Green Building Projects: Unearthing the Transaction Costs (TCs)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Qian, K.; Chan, E.H.W.; Khalid, A.G.

    2015-01-01

    Delivering green building (GB) projects involve some activities that are atypical in comparison with conventional buildings. Such new activities are characterized by uncertainty, and they incur hidden costs that have not been expected nor are they readily appreciated among the stakeholders. This pap

  10. Libraries with a Future: How Are Academic Library Usage and Green Demands Changing Building Designs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loder, Michael Wescott

    2010-01-01

    Support for the modular system of building construction, touted in the second half of the 20th century as the best basis for academic library building design, appears to be waning. A study of "green" libraries in 2008 revealed that not only has energy conservation become important, but that spaces designed for users rather than books…

  11. Promote Green Building, Facilitate Energy Efficiency and Emissions Reduction, and Improve Habitat Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ Green building here refers to the practice of creating structures able to best achieve efficient and environmentally friendly use of resources (energy, land, water, materials) throughout the life-cycle so as to offer healthy, convenient and pleasant buildings for people to live and work in in harmony with nature.It has become a worldwide trend in the development of the construction industry.

  12. Promote Green Building, Facilitate Energy Efficiency and Emissions Reduction, and Improve Habitat Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Green building here refers to the practice of creating structures able to best achieve efficient and environmentally friendly use of resources(energy, land, water, materials) throughout the life-cycle so as to offer healthy, convenient and pleasant buildings for people to live and work in in harmony with nature. It has become a worldwide trend in the development of the construction industry.

  13. IMPLEMENTATION OF GREEN BUILDING INCENTIVES FOR CONSTRUCTION KEY PLAYERS IN MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SITI ZUBAIDAH HASHIM

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A Green Building Index (GBI is a pioneer in a building grading system to promote sustainability and increase awareness upon environmental issue in Malaysia. The GBI was first established by Malaysia Architect Association (PAM and Association of Consulting Engineers Malaysia (ACEM in February 2009. As a green building contribution on sustainable development and energy efficiency, government has introduced incentives to parties who involve in obtaining Green Building Index Certificate to inculcate vgreen technology. The present paper articulates various categories of incentives introduced by government for construction key players in Malaysia and compare those incentives implies worldwide including countries such as United States, United Kingdom, Australia and Singapore. The incentives are categories into three; financial incentives, fiscal incentives and structure incentives. In a case of financial incentives the financial grants, loans, fund, vouchers, rebates and etc. attract building developers to adopt green elements and apply for certification in their new building project. Obviously, most developers more engrossed to the incentives which has a direct impact on the project financial cash flow. Fiscal incentive however is a privilege by the government, in term of tax exemption granted to respective green building project. Structural incentives are much common incentives offered by government because it would not require expenditure of fund and not reduce the income of city and county. By comparing few successful model of incentives by several countries, the present research reveals that the structure of incentives for green building in Malaysia should have more focused on structural incentive especially those involves technical support, expedited building permit and Gross Floor Area (GFA equivalent incentive scheme.

  14. 论绿色建筑设计与绿色节能建筑%Reviews of Green Building Design and Green Energy-saving Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旭亮

    2014-01-01

    To al eviate the pressure of population growth and resources tense, save energy ef ectively and reduce the energy consumption of buildings, there wil be a harmonious de-velopment between building and ecology. The design level of green building should be improved to realize the sustainable development of green building. Here, the green building design has played a unique charm.%为了缓解人口增长所带来的压力和资源紧张的问题,想要有效地节约能源、降低建筑物的能耗,就要做到建筑和生态和谐发展,提高绿色建筑的设计水平,实现绿色建筑的可持续发展。在这儿方面,绿色建筑设计发挥了独特的魅力。

  15. Building Motivation in the K-12 Art Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Page

    2011-01-01

    Student motivation is a universal challenge among teachers of every instructional level and content area. Motivation, particularly in the art classroom, is a challenge for many art educators. My study looks to unwind the intricate web of student motivation and to identify effective motivational strategies that art educators use on a daily basis…

  16. Investigation on Smoke Movement and Smoke Control for Atrium in Green and Sustainable Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fang, Lui; Nielsen, Peter V.; Brohus, Henrik

    The concepts of green buildings and sustainable buildings are promoted actively in the developed countries. Targets are on protecting the environment, using less energy through natural ventilation provisions and daylight utilization, developing better waste management and taking resource conserva......The concepts of green buildings and sustainable buildings are promoted actively in the developed countries. Targets are on protecting the environment, using less energy through natural ventilation provisions and daylight utilization, developing better waste management and taking resource...... conservation into account. Architectural and building design, electrical and mechanical systems, and building management have to be upgraded. However, there are problems in dealing with fire safety, especially in complying with the existing prescriptive fire codes. A hot argument is that smoke control system...

  17. Green Buildings in Denmark – From radical ecology to consumer oriented market approaches?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole; Gram-Hanssen, Kirsten

    2004-01-01

    Gram-Hanssen and Jensen explore the development of green buildings in Denmark over the last three decades, identifying differences in design philosophies and techniques. They look at four approaches to green buildings: as energy-saving devices, as ecological grassroots alternatives, as subsidised...... large-scale urban projects, and as consumer products in a market approach. Using detailed case descriptions, the chapter asks to what extent it is possible to define some buildings or some approaches as more 'green' than others. The authors suggest that in order to more fully understand sustainable...... buildings we must account for the social structuring of both the identification of environmental problems and their resulting embodiment in built form....

  18. Final report [Homes Tours and Green Building Program Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MacRae, Lani

    2000-06-28

    The US Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs sponsored EcoTecture Solutions, Inc. (dba Sustainable Living Alliance {trademark}) in producing two home tours showcasing energy- and resource-efficient buildings in Austin, Texas, held on October 16, 1999, and Albuquerque, New Mexico, held on May 20, 2000. Lists are given of the notable building technologies, passive solar design features, and energy- and water-efficient technologies and design employed in the houses. There were over 1200 visitors to the 22 residential and 3 commercial buildings included in the tour.

  19. The green build-out model : quantifying stormwater benefits of trees and green roofs in Washington, DC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deutsch, B.; Whitlow, H. [Casey Trees, Washington, DC (United States); Sullivan, M.; Savineau, A.; Busiek, B. [Limno-Tech Inc., Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    2007-07-01

    The United States Environmental Protection Agency has listed nearly all of the waters in the District of Columbia as impaired. This includes the Anacostia and Potomac rivers and Rock Creek, whose primary sources of pollution are sewer overflows and stormwater. This paper presented the research findings from the Environmental Protection Agency's Water Quality Cooperative Agreement grant entitled the Green Build-out Model. It builds upon research conducted by a public-private partnership between Casey Trees, a non-profit organization that protects tree cover in Washington DC, and Limno-Tech Inc., an environmental engineering firm that built the hydrologic and hydraulic model for the Water and Sewer Authority. Both green roofs and trees lower the volume of runoff, reduce peak rates of runoff, and improve water quality. However, these benefits have not been evaluated nor quantified on a cumulative, sewershed and city-wide basis for engineers, landscape architects, and planners to integrate green roofs and trees into solutions for stormwater permitting requirements. This research questioned how many green roofs and trees are needed to make a difference to stormwater management in the District of Columbia. It investigated the relationships between tree cover, green roof cover, larger tree boxes, and key hydrologic and hydraulic variables such as stormwater and combined sewer overflow volume, flow rate, and frequency. Reductions in pollutant loads resulting from lower stormwater volumes were also estimated along with operational savings from reduced pumping and treatment of stormwater volumes. All of the modeled green roofs were extensive green roofs with three to four inches of growth media. Extensive green roofs were assumed city-wide for their potential to reduce pollutant load from stormwater flow; operational savings from stormwater flow reductions; and, general hydrologic relationships. It was concluded that trees and green roofs should be factored into the

  20. Green Richland: Building Sustainable Local and World Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lester, Carole N.

    2008-01-01

    This article shares the college's experiences and the lessons learned in the creation of the GREENRichland Program and the other approaches to building sustainability. These programs directly support the college's vision to be the best place to learn, teach, and build sustainable local and world community. This discussion features details…

  1. An Investigation of Factors Influencing Design Team Attributes in Green Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed S. Elforgani

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Buildings contribute significantly global environmental problems. Better design can minimize these impacts. Design Green Building (DGB aims to reduce buildings' impact on the environment. However, the green design performance depends on design team attributes. In addition, the Governance System (GS and Client Quality (CQ as external factors have influence on Design Team Attributes (DTA of green building. Approach: To identify mentioned factors questionnaire survey was conducted to collect dada required. A sample of 277 respondents has been covered under the study, including architects and engineers practicing design and consultancy building sectors. Analysis data includes descriptive and quantitative analysis by using SSPS software version 16 was carried out. A correlation and regression models was established to explore the relationship between identified factors. Results: Architect is most involved one during the design process of green buildings with mean 4.82 followed by mechanical and electrical engineers with mean 4.52 and 4.44 respectively, while structural and civil engineers, interior designers and quantity survivors were 3.71, 3.29 and 2.88 respectively. The most design team attributes were investigated have a significance degree of influence except design team reputation. On the other hand, the other hand, the Governance system and client quality have major influence on these attributes. Conclusion: Involvement and participation of a ll project stakeholders are required. Design team attributes are the key factors to improve green design performance. Governance system and client quality play major role to enhance design team attributes. Therefore, effective regulations and policies may increase performance of the green Effective design team management device should be applied to implement Design team attributes effectively in order to improve green design team performance.

  2. Developing a green building assessment tool for developing countries - Case of Jordan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ali, Hikmat H. [Department of Architecture, Jordan University of Science and Technology, PO Box 3030, Irbid 22110 (Jordan); Al Nsairat, Saba F. [Department of Research and Design, Greater Amman Municipality, Amman (Jordan)

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of this research is to contribute to a better understanding of the concept of green building assessment tool and its role for achieving sustainable development through developing an effective green building rating system for residential units in Jordan in terms of the dimensions through which sustainable development tools are being produced and according to the local context. Developing such system is becoming necessary in the Developing World because of the considerable environmental, social and economical problems. Jordan as one of these countries is in need for this system, especially with poor resources and inefficient use. Therefore, this research studied international green building assessment tools such as such as LEED, CASBEE, BREEAM, GBTool, and others. Then defined new assessment items respecting the local conditions of Jordan and discussed them with (60) various stakeholders; 50% of them were experts of sustainable development. After selecting the assessment items they were weighted using the AHP method. The outcome of the research was a suggested green building assessment tool (SABA Green Building Rating System) - computer based program - that suits the Jordanian context in terms of environmental, social and economical perspectives. (author)

  3. Discussion on the Green Building Design%浅析绿色建筑构想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Energy and environmental are problems in today's world of universal concerned, carrying out the construction of energy-efficient, green building development, realizing sustai-nable development has become a consensus. This paper intro-duces the concept, principle, design rules of green building, fo-cuses on the analysis of the overal planning and monomer of green building, and starting from the implementation of green building goals, expounds the importance and optimization of methods, and final y introduces the construction requirements of green building.%  能源和环境问题是当今世界各国普遍关注的问题,推行建筑节能,发展绿色建筑,实现可持续发展已成为共识。本文介绍了绿色建筑的涵义、构想原理、构想规则,重点分析了绿色建筑的整体规划及单体构想办法,并从实现绿色建筑目标出发,阐述了构想优化的重要性及方法,最后对绿色建筑的施工要求进行了简述。

  4. A Web-based Collaborative System Framework for Green Building Certification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jack C.P. Cheng

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The built environment is moving towards sustainable development and the number of green buildings increased worldwide in recent years. Green buildings are environmentally, socially and economically desirable; however the certification of green buildings is often expensive and labor-intensive. The document preparation and review process for green building certification is iterative in nature and requires the collaboration of many project participants, certification organizations and third party engineering consultants. This paper aims at developing a system framework that can assist the green building certification process. Different certification standards have been studied and their scope and credit calculation were compared to understand the requirements of the system framework. Based on the study, the required features were designed as follows, (1 role-based access control, (2 document manager and related document discovery, (3 workflow manager, (4 credit manager, and (5 knowledge manager. The features of the system provide a collaborative environment and reduce repetitive works commonly occurring in manual processes. The features of the system framework are discussed and illustrated considering the Hong Kong BEAM Plus standard. This paper also describes how the system framework enhances collaboration in the certification process

  5. Green Building Retrofit for the Library of Indian Institute Technology, Roorkee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naphade, A.; Sharma, A.; Chani, P. S.; Garg, P.

    2013-03-01

    The major focus world over is on constructing environment friendly buildings. Buildings symbolize uncontrolled consumption of energy and natural resources and also have negative environmental impact. In India, the residential and commercial sector consumes 30 % of the total electricity usage of the country and a major portion of this is used in buildings. Designing and developing new buildings based on the energy efficiency concept and applying retrofit options to the existing buildings could improve the energy use in the building sector. This paper studies an existing building, Central Library of Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, and recommends retrofit options for sustainable aspects such as site planning, energy and water use, materials and resources and indoor environment quality. The results of this study can be utilized for green retrofits of the other buildings in the campus.

  6. Fire Risk Analysis and Optimization of Fire Prevention Management for Green Building Design and High Rise Buildings: Hong Kong Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yau Albert

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available There are many iconic high rise buildings in Hong Kong, for example, International Commercial Centre, International Financial Centre, etc. Fire safety issue in high rise buildings has been raised by local fire professionals in terms of occupant evacuation, means of fire-fighting by fire fighters, sprinkler systems to automatically put off fires in buildings, etc. Fire risk becomes an important issue in building fire safety because it relates to life safety of building occupants where they live and work in high rise buildings in Hong Kong. The aim of this research is to identify the fire risk for different types of high rise buildings in Hong Kong and to optimise the fire prevention management for those high rise buildings with higher level of fire risk and to validate the model and also to carry out the study of the conflict between the current fire safety building code and the current trend of green building design. Survey via the 7-point scale questionnaire was conducted through 50 participants and their responses were received and analysed via the statistical tool SPSS software computer program. A number of statistical methods of testing for significantly difference in samples were adopted to carry out the analysis of the data received. When the statistical analysis was completed, the results of the data analysis were validated by two Fire Safety Experts in this area of specialisation and also by quantitative fire risk analysis.

  7. 绿色建筑设计理念与技术应用%Green building design concepts and applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李奕河

    2015-01-01

    文章介绍了绿色建筑理念并梳理绿色建筑设计技术措施,以设计出更为完善的绿色建筑,营造良好的人居环境。%The article introduces the concept of green building and green building design and technical measures, in order to design a more perfect green building, create a good living environment.

  8. Building Social Inclusion through Critical Arts-Based Pedagogies in University Classroom Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chappell, Sharon Verner; Chappell, Drew

    2016-01-01

    In humanities and education university classrooms, the authors facilitated counter-narrative arts-based inquiry projects in order to build critical thought and social inclusion. The first author examines public performance installations created by graduate students in elementary and bilingual education on needs-based and dignity-based rights of…

  9. Conceptual Design of Green Buildings%试论绿色建筑概念设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖剑锋; 郝启龙; 倪健

    2013-01-01

    Based on the definition and design principle of green buildings, this paper mainly discusses the following aspects: analysis and design of building environment in conceptual design of green buildings, energy saving of conceptual design, exploitation of renewable resources, conceptual design of green building intelligence, water-saving design as well as the exploitation and energy saving of underground space. The purpose of this paper is to offer some references for the development and application of green ecology in building design and thus to further reflect the deep-seated nature respect and humanistic care of building design.%  根据绿色建筑的定义和设计原则,对绿色建筑概念设计中的建筑环境的分析及设计、节能概念设计、可再生资源利用、绿色建筑智能概念设计、节水设计以及地下空间的利用与节能等方面进行了简要的探讨,其目的是为建筑设计的绿色生态拓展应用提供参考,以进一步体现建筑设计深层次的自然尊重和人文关怀。

  10. Building energy modeling for green architecture and intelligent dashboard applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeBlois, Justin

    Buildings are responsible for 40% of the carbon emissions in the United States. Energy efficiency in this sector is key to reducing overall greenhouse gas emissions. This work studied the passive technique called the roof solar chimney for reducing the cooling load in homes architecturally. Three models of the chimney were created: a zonal building energy model, computational fluid dynamics model, and numerical analytic model. The study estimated the error introduced to the building energy model (BEM) through key assumptions, and then used a sensitivity analysis to examine the impact on the model outputs. The conclusion was that the error in the building energy model is small enough to use it for building simulation reliably. Further studies simulated the roof solar chimney in a whole building, integrated into one side of the roof. Comparisons were made between high and low efficiency constructions, and three ventilation strategies. The results showed that in four US climates, the roof solar chimney results in significant cooling load energy savings of up to 90%. After developing this new method for the small scale representation of a passive architecture technique in BEM, the study expanded the scope to address a fundamental issue in modeling - the implementation of the uncertainty from and improvement of occupant behavior. This is believed to be one of the weakest links in both accurate modeling and proper, energy efficient building operation. A calibrated model of the Mascaro Center for Sustainable Innovation's LEED Gold, 3,400 m2 building was created. Then algorithms were developed for integration to the building's dashboard application that show the occupant the energy savings for a variety of behaviors in real time. An approach using neural networks to act on real-time building automation system data was found to be the most accurate and efficient way to predict the current energy savings for each scenario. A stochastic study examined the impact of the

  11. The true value of materials:BRIDGE (Building Research and Innovation Deals for the Green Economy)

    OpenAIRE

    Farrer, Joan; Watt, Carolyn A.

    2015-01-01

    Assessing the value of materials, lifecycle and applications was central to the European Union INTERREG IV project BRIDGE (Building Research and Innovation Deals for the Green Economy) 2011–2014. Here, the complex philosophies of sustainability (protection of people, profit and planet) underpinned innovation, knowledge transfer, data visualization and design thinking, to develop green entrepreneurs, and market differentiation in Southern England and Northern France Channel regions. The model ...

  12. Hazard identification checklist: Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building

    OpenAIRE

    Terwoert, J.; Ustailieva, E.

    2013-01-01

    This checklist accompanies the e-fact on the same topic and aims to help identify the potential hazards to workers’ safety and health associated with the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, and on-site waste collection. It also gives examples of preventive measures to address these hazards. Some of these OSH hazards are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies ...

  13. Community United Methodist Church solar classroom building. Phase II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    The new building reported is formed by three 20 foot by 70 foot modules, each with the long axis in the east-west direction and with a shed roof over each. Solar features include daylighting, fixed insulating shades over the clerestory windows to minimize heat loss during the winter, some operable clerestory windows for ventillation, thermal mass in the form of a concrete floor slab and dark concrete masonry walls on the north end of interior space, ceiling fans for air circulation and sensible cooling, and a large exhaust fan for night cooling. Backup heating is provided by a natural gas furnace, and an air-conditioning unit is included primarily for humidity control in the summer. The building is highly insulated and incorporates designs which minimize air infiltration. A cost analysis for construction of the building is included. (LEW)

  14. Transforming the market : recent developments with Canada Green Building Council and LEED{sup R} Canada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zimmerman, A. [Canada Green Building Council, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

    2004-07-01

    Green buildings use design and construction practices that reduce or eliminate the negative impact of buildings on the environment and their occupants. This paper discusses the aims of the Green Building Council and Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), and the current contexts in which both organizations operate in the Canadian construction industry. Some of the reasons to use green building practices were discussed, including moral obligations, compliance and the opportunity for increased revenue and profits. LEED informs purchasing decisions, and its certification process signals environmental credentials about the public sector to voters, linking well to policy instruments. A list of projects and accredited buildings was provided, as well as a forecast for future projects and market shares. A comprehensive list of adaptations to Canadian building codes, standards and regulations was provided, with reference to site selection, water efficiency, energy and atmosphere, materials and resources, and indoor environmental quality. Some of the challenges facing both organizations include the existence of other rating systems already extant in Canada, partnership with federal government, the size of non-residential buildings in Canada, and residential market challenges. Case studies of projects in Canada and internationally were provided, with an overview of construction techniques and sustainable development programs. tabs., figs.

  15. Evaluation of Green Building Design%绿色建筑设计方案评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐中义; 何浩

    2014-01-01

    In the face of the worldwide energy crisis and environmental crisis, both at home and abroad take efforts to develop green buildings. Paper takes the decision problem of green building design as the entry point, first, builds a set of comprehensive evaluation index system of green building plan, from the building life-cycle cost perspective to choose economic, environmental and social benefits of the best plan, then, introduces comprehensive assessment of green building design decision gray relation projection method. The use of deviation maximizing evaluation index weight is determined to overcome the influence of subjective factors, the preferred green building design more objective, thus improving the accuracy.%面对世界范围的能源危机和环境危机,国内外都在大力发展绿色建筑。文章以绿色建筑设计方案的决策问题为切入点,首先构建了一套绿色建筑方案综合评价指标体系,从建筑全寿命周期费用角度来选择经济效益、环境效益和社会效益最优的方案。然后将灰色关联投影决策法引入绿色建筑设计方案综合评价,并采用离差最大化确定评价指标权重,克服主观因素的影响,使得绿色建筑设计方案的优选更加客观,从而提高了准确性。

  16. Research on the Selection Strategy of Green Building Parts Supplier Based on the Catastrophe Theory and Kent Index Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenhua Luo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available At present, the green building and housing industrialization are two mainstream directions in the real estate industry. The production of green building parts which combines green building and housing industrialization, two concepts, is to be vigorously developed. The key of quality assurance in the assembly project is choosing reliable and proper green building parts suppliers. This paper analyzes the inherent requirements of the green building, combined with the characteristics of the housing industrialization, and puts forward an evaluation index system of supplier selection for green building parts, which includes product index, enterprise index, green development index, and cooperation ability index. To reduce the influence of subjective factors, the improved method which merges Kent index method and catastrophe theory is applied to the green building parts supplier selection and evaluation. This paper takes the selection of the unit bathroom suppliers as an example, uses the improved model to calculate and analyze the data of each supplier, and finally selects the optimal supplier. With combination of the Kent index and the catastrophe theory, the result shows that it can effectively reduce the subjectivity of the evaluation and provide a basis for the selection of the green building parts suppliers.

  17. The evolving environmental marketplace, using green to make green[An introduction to the U.S. Green Building Council, Performance Rating Systems, LEED as a benchmarking tool in the United States and green economics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andereck, K.J. [Skidmore Owings and Merrill LLP, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2003-07-01

    Using an economic perspective, it is possible to make a case for green buildings and green development practices by placing emphasis on Energy Efficiency and Environmental Design. Several case studies have demonstrated that green buildings save money through reduced consumption of natural resources, electricity and gas both at the building site and at the source of energy. Sound environmental practices and energy efficiency measures improve the environmental conditions throughout the state by reducing power plant emissions and reducing operations and maintenance budgets in the state. The author presented a case study where a green development project was guided and monitored using the Environmental Performance Rating System called Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), version 2.0. The work was registered to achieve LEED certification. A brief study on current construction related costs was also included. 2 refs., 1 fig.

  18. Building classroom and organizational structure around positive cultural values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albanna, Badr F.; Corbo, Joel C.; Dounas-Frazer, Dimitri R.; Little, Angela; Zaniewski, Anna M.

    2013-01-01

    The Compass Project is a self-formed group of graduate and undergraduate students in the physical sciences at UC Berkeley. Our goals are to improve undergraduate physics education, provide opportunities for professional development, and increase retention of students-especially those from populations typically underrepresented in the physical sciences. Compass fosters a diverse, collaborative student community by providing a wide range of services, including a summer program and fall/spring seminar courses. We describe Compass's cultural values, discuss how community members are introduced to and help shape those values, and demonstrate how a single set of values informs the structure of both our classroom and organization. We emphasize that all members of the Compass community participate in, and benefit from, our cultural values, regardless of status as student, teacher, or otherwise.

  19. Building Classroom and Organizational Structure Around Positive Cultural Values

    CERN Document Server

    Albanna, Badr F; Dounas-Frazer, Dimitri R; Little, Angela; Zaniewski, Anna M

    2012-01-01

    The Compass Project is a self-formed group of graduate and undergraduate students in the physical sciences at UC Berkeley. Our goals are to improve undergraduate physics education, provide opportunities for professional development, and increase retention of students-especially those from populations typically underrepresented in the physical sciences. Compass fosters a diverse, collaborative student community by providing a wide range of services, including a summer program and fall/spring seminar courses. We describe Compass's cultural values, discuss how community members are introduced to and help shape those values, and demonstrate how a single set of values informs the structure of both our classroom and organization.We emphasize that all members of the Compass community participate in, and benefit from, our cultural values, regardless of status as student, teacher, or otherwise.

  20. VOCs and odors: key factors in selecting `green` building materials?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coombs, C. [Steven Winter Associates Inc., Norwalk, CT and Washington DC (United States)

    1998-12-01

    The current state of knowledge available for selecting building materials on the basis of emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and odors is reviewed. The significance of VOCs and odors in building materials is related to their role in influencing indoor air quality. As far as toxicity is concerned, many of the VOCs detected in indoor air are relatively inert when considered singly. They are not however, unimportant because in actual fact they are invariably found in mixtures some of which can be toxic. Although knowledge of VOCs is incomplete, it is important to specify ozone-resistant polymeric building products, i.e. those that are chemically stable and inert to oxidation. In addition to VOCs, attention should also be focused on semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) since they are even more persistent than VOCs and tend to offgas for prolonged periods of time. Similarly, it is reasonable to specify low-odor materials. Inclusion of issues related to complex indoor chemistry, less volatile emissions, in addition to VOCs and odor, should in time result in expanded choices of building materials that promote indoor air quality. 16 refs.,2 tabs.

  1. Parametric study on the performance of green residential buildings in China

    OpenAIRE

    Xi Wang; Hasim Altan; Jian Kang

    2015-01-01

    The parametric study of the indoor environment of green buildings focuses on the quantitative and qualitative improvement of residential building construction in China and the achievement of indoor thermal comfort at a low level of energy use. This study examines the effect of the adaptive thermal comfort of indoor environment control in hot summer and cold winter (HSCW) zones. This work is based on a field study of the regional thermal assessment of two typical cases, the results of which ar...

  2. It Isn't Easy Being Green: Overcoming the Challenges of Building a Green Workforce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemmelman, Chris

    2011-01-01

    As community and technical colleges work to train workers for green-energy jobs, they face myriad challenges. Among them are the recession and the financial strain it places on institutions' ability to develop programs, trying to meet the demand for trained workers that is a projection and not a certainty, and training low-skilled individuals for…

  3. Assessment of the hydrological impacts of green roof: From building scale to basin scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Versini, P.-A.; Ramier, D.; Berthier, E.; de Gouvello, B.

    2015-05-01

    At the building scale, the use of green roof has shown a positive impact on urban runoff (decrease and slow-down in peak discharge, decrease in runoff volume). The present work aims to study whether similar effects are possible at the basin scale and what is the minimum spreading of green runoff needed to observe significant impacts. It is particularly focused on the circumstances of such impacts and how they can contribute to storm water management in urban environment. Based on observations on experimental green roofs, a conceptual model has been developed and integrated into the SWMM urban rainfall-runoff model to reproduce the hydrological behaviour of two different types of green roof. It has been combined with a method defining green roofing scenarios by estimating the maximum roof area that can be covered. This methodology has been applied on a long time series (18 years) to the Châtillon urban basin (Haut-de-Seine county, France) frequently affected by urban flooding. For comparison, the same methodology has been applied at the building scale and a complementary analysis has been conducted to study which hydrometeorological variables may affect the magnitude of these hydrological impacts at both scales. The results show green roofs, when they are widely implemented, can affect urban runoff in terms of peak discharge and volume, and avoid flooding in several cases. Both precipitation - generally accumulated during the whole event- and the initial substrate saturation are likely to have an impact on green roof effects. In this context, the studied green roofs seem useful to mitigate the effects of usual rainfall events but turn out being less helpful for the more severe ones. We conclude that, combined with other infrastructures, green roofs represent an interesting contribution to urban water management in the future.

  4. Malaspina University-College's green building strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-01-01

    This brochure describes the strategy employed by the administration of Malaspina University--College in Nanaimo, British Columbia, to implement energy-efficient plans and integrating systems and plans that would allow the institution to consume less energy, fewer resources and improve the health and well-being of its students and staff. An assessment study to identify the most problematic areas, and to develop a prioritizing strategy for their replacement was the first step, followed by rigorous adherence to a 10- year cyclical replacement schedule. The program includes replacement of rooftop ventilation units, installation of high-performance glazing units to replace single-glazed windows, implementation of an Energy Management System to monitor heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems, and a Power Smart New Building Design and Building Improvements Program. The combined cost avoidance associated with these projects is estimated to reach $ 4.3 million before the end of 2002.

  5. Greening Public Buildings: ESCO-Contracting in Danish Municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev; Rohr Hansen, Jesper

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents current research on Danish municipalities’ use of Energy Service Companies (ESCO) as a way to improve the standard of public buildings and to increase energy efficiency. In recent years more and more municipalities have used ESCO-contracts to retrofit existing public buildings......, and to make them more energy efficient. At the moment 30 municipalities (of the 98 municipalities in Denmark) are involved in, or preparing, ESCO contracts. Nevertheless, ESCO-contracting still faces many challenges on the Danish market, as there is a widespread skepticism towards the concept amongst many...... stakeholders. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the various experience gained so far by municipalities use of ESCO-contracting, the different approached to ESCO-contracting being used in practice, as well as the different viewpoints drivers and barriers behind the development. The strong growth in ESCO-contracts...

  6. Towards green buildings: Glass as a building element-the use and misuse in the gulf region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aboulnaga, Mohsen M. [College of Design and Applied Arts, Dubai University College, Dubai P.O. Box 14143 (United Arab Emirates)

    2006-04-15

    The recent economic growth in the Gulf region notably in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE) has led to a colossal number of buildings that has been constructed in the past 5 years. In the last decade, a total glazed building's facades became the icon of Dubai. This large area of glazing in each facade needs protection against overheating and sun glare in summer. According to leader in energy and environmental design (LEED) glass selection becomes a main element in this equation to contribute towards achieving a green building. The aim of this paper is to investigate the problems associated with misuse of glass, as a building element in UAE particularly in Dubai. Inadequate design with ill-selected glass/glazing type may lead not only to poor daylighting in building interiors but also contribute significantly to fatigue, insomnia, seasonal affective disorder (SAD) and above all increase CO{sub 2} emission. The purpose of the study is to specify the required improvements to permit natural, 'free' daylight to filter through the building facade into interior space, especially with the right type of glass. This paper examines the status of buildings in Dubai in terms of glass type, visible light transmittance, reflection (out/in) and relative heat gain. A quantitative analysis is conducted to assess the impact of glass on the building users' performance in terms of daylight environment. A recent built high-rise office building was selected in the investigation to asses whether selected glass provide the recommended daylight factor (DF) and daylight level (DL) according to IES standards. The results revealed that most the glass/glazing was misused in 70% of buildings in intermediate and low performance groups. The DF and DD in the selected office building were unexpectedly tremendous and found far beyond the recommended level due to the use of spectrally selective glazing (clear on both sides). [Author].

  7. 76 FR 13617 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings (OFHPGB); Notice of GSA Bulletin OFHPGB 2011...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ... ADMINISTRATION Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings (OFHPGB); Notice of GSA Bulletin OFHPGB 2011... Policy on Energy Efficient Commercial Buildings Tax Deduction. GSA Bulletin OFHPGB 2011-OGP-1 may be... Commercial Building Tax Deduction for government-owned buildings is set forth in Notice 2008-40,...

  8. University Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design: How Postsecondary Institutions Use the LEEDRTM Green Building Rating System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chance, Shannon Massie

    2010-01-01

    This descriptive, exploratory study focused on how institutions of higher education have used the United States Green Building Council's (USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED[R]) Green Building Rating system. It employed statistical methods to assess which types of universities have used LEED, what ratings they earned, and…

  9. A choice experiment to estimate the effect of green experience on preferences and willingness-to-pay for green building attributes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chau, C.K.; Tse, M.S.; Chung, K.Y. [Department of Building Services Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon (China)

    2010-11-15

    As the number and complexities of green building developments are mainly driven by market demands, understanding of end-user behaviors towards their development eventually should play a crucial role on determining their successes. However, very few studies have been attempted to explore end-user behaviors towards green building development. This study successfully applied discrete choice experiments to reveal whether residents with green experience will have different preference and willingness-to-pay values for enhancements on various aspects of environmental performance in green buildings. Generally, both green and conventional residents had strong preferences and were willing to pay more for improving various aspects of environmental performance in green residential developments. They are found to be willing to pay more for energy conservation, than indoor air quality improvement, noise level reduction, landscape area enlargement, or water conservation. No significant differences are found in the preferences between green and conventional residents for energy conservation, indoor air quality improvement, indoor noise reduction, or water conservation, However, green residents were found to be willing to pay significantly less than the conventional residents for enlarging the landscape area within a residential development, despite it was perceived by green residents as one of the major elements that differentiate a green from a conventional development. (author)

  10. Hazard identification checklist: Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terwoert, J.; Ustailieva, E.

    2013-01-01

    This checklist accompanies the e-fact on the same topic and aims to help identify the potential hazards to workers’ safety and health associated with the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, and on-site waste collection. It also give

  11. Greening and Building Energy Economize%绿化与建筑节能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕霞

    2013-01-01

    根据绿化对改善建筑微气候的作用,分析了几种绿化措施对建筑热环境的影响,得出结论:绿化可以大大改善建筑室内热环境,节约能源,具有美化城市及改善城市生态环境的作用。%According to the effects of greening on the micro-climate of buildings, s we analyzed several greening measures about their influences on the thermal environment of buildings. The results showed that greening can greatly improve the indoor thermal environment and save energy. Thus it has the effects of beautifying the city and improving the urban ecological environment.

  12. Human Factors in Green Office Building Design: The Impact of Workplace Green Features on Health Perceptions in High-Rise High-Density Asian Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Xue

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available There is a growing concern about human factors in green building, which is imperative in high-rise high-density urban environments. This paper describes our attempts to explore the influence of workplace green features (such as green certification, ventilation mode, and building morphology on health perceptions (personal sensation, sensorial assumptions, healing performance based on a survey in Hong Kong and Singapore. The results validated the relationship between green features and health perceptions in the workplace environment. Remarkably, participants from the air-conditioned offices revealed significant higher concerns about health issues than those participants from the mixed-ventilated offices. The mixed-ventilation design performs as a bridge to connect the indoor environment and outdoor space, which enables people to have contact with nature. Additionally, the preferred building morphology of the workplace is the pattern of a building complex instead of a single building. The complex form integrates the configuration of courtyards, podium gardens, green terrace, public plaza, and other types of open spaces with the building clusters, which contributes to better health perceptions. This research contributes to the rationalization and optimization of passive climate-adaptive design strategies for green buildings in high-density tropical or subtropical cities.

  13. Standardization and Green Economic Change - the Case of Energy Efficiency in Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maj Munch; Faria, Lourenco

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates the role of standardization for green economic change using energy efficiency in buildings as a case. Innovation research on standards tends to focus on the competition between competing emerging standards as well as the economic impacts of these. The idea pursued here...... energy efficiency becomes an issue in standardization work using buildings as a case. The paper seeks more specifically to investigate the rise of building related standards generally over time as well as in different technical areas and geographic regions. The hypothesis pursued in this paper...

  14. Solar integrated energy system for a green building

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhai, X.Q.; Wang, R.Z.; Dai, Y.J.; Wu, J.Y.; Xu, Y.X.; Ma, Q. [Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030 (China)

    2007-08-15

    Shanghai is characteristic of subtropical monsoonal climate with the mean annual temperature of 17.6 {sup o}C, and receives annual total solar irradiation above 4470 MJ/m{sup 2} with approximately 2000 h of sunshine. A solar energy system capable of heating, cooling, natural ventilation and hot water supply has been built in Shanghai Research Institute of Building Science. The system mainly contains 150 m{sup 2} solar collector arrays, two adsorption chillers, floor radiation heating pipes, finned tube heat exchangers and a hot water storage tank of 2.5 m{sup 3} in volume. It is used for heating in winter, cooling in summer, natural ventilation in spring and autumn, hot water supply all the year round, for 460 m{sup 2} building area. The whole system is controlled by an industrial control computer and operates automatically. Under typical Shanghai weather condition, it is found that the average heating capacity is up to 25.04 kW in winter, the average refrigerating output reaches 15.31 kW in summer and the solar-enhanced natural ventilation air flow rate doubles in transitional seasons. The experimental investigation validated the practical effective operation of the adsorption cooling-based air-conditioning system. After 1-year operation, it is confirmed that the solar system contributes 70% total energy of the involved space for the weather conditions of Shanghai. (author)

  15. Greening Public Buildings: ESCO-Contracting in Danish Municipalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesper Rohr Hansen

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents current research on Danish municipalities’ use of Energy Service Companies (ESCO as a way to improve the standard of public buildings and to increase energy efficiency. In recent years more and more municipalities have used ESCO-contracts to retrofit existing public buildings, and to make them more energy efficient. At the moment 30 municipalities (of the 98 municipalities in Denmark are involved in, or preparing, ESCO contracts. Nevertheless, ESCO-contracting still faces many challenges on the Danish market, as there is a widespread skepticism towards the concept amongst many stakeholders. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the various experience gained so far by municipalities use of ESCO-contracting, the different approached to ESCO-contracting being used in practice, as well as the different viewpoints drivers and barriers behind the development. The strong growth in ESCO-contracts reflects that the ESCO-concept fits well with a number of present problems that municipalities are facing, as well as a flexible adaptation to the local context in different municipalities.

  16. Future Time Perspective Connectedness to a Career: The Contextual Effects of Classroom Knowledge Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenefer Husman

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Professor Willy Lens has provided inspiration through his scholarship and mentorship for research in Future Time Perspective (FTP theory. The traditional conceptualization of FTP consists of hierarchically organized psychological constructs that define individual differences in perceptions of the future across varying levels of specificity. The levels of specificity create a nested variable structure that is often described in a top-down fashion, from domain-general to context-specific. In the current study, relations among measures of connectedness, an FTP construct regarding concern for and planfulness about the future, are examined at three levels of specificity: domain-general, domain-specific, and context-specific. We examine interactions between domain-specific and domain-general levels of FTP. A sample of 3962 undergraduate engineering majors (mean age 20 from a large research university in the southwestern United States of America were surveyed. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine the hypothesis that aggregate classroom levels of student knowledge building moderate relations in the nested connectedness variable structure. At the student level of analysis measures of students’ domain-general, domain-specific, and context-specific connectedness were significantly and positively related. At the classroom level of analysis, results indicated that higher levels of aggregate classroom knowledge building shifted the direction of relations suggesting that in more engaging classroom contexts perceived value of learning for reaching a future goal may shape how students plan for future careers (domain-specific FTP. Implications for FTP theory are discussed.

  17. Building an alliance for a green revolution in Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toenniessen, Gary; Adesina, Akinwumi; DeVries, Joseph

    2008-01-01

    Most of Africa's people live in rural areas and depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. These predominantly small-scale farmers face many challenges, including food insecurity, rising poverty, and natural resource degradation. To increase the productivity, profitability, and sustainability of their farms, they need greater access to affordable yield-enhancing inputs, including well-adapted seeds and new methods for integrated soil fertility management, as well as to output markets where they can convert surplus production into cash. To address these needs, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation established the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA). AGRA is now African led and is working within the context of the comprehensive agricultural development program established by Africa's leaders. From offices in Nairobi, Kenya, and Accra, Ghana, AGRA will support work across all key aspects of the African agricultural value chain to help millions of small-scale farmers and their families lift themselves out of poverty and hunger.

  18. Overcoming barriers to high performance seismic design using lessons learned from the green building industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glezil, Dorothy

    NEHRP's Provisions today currently governing conventional seismic resistant design. These provisions, though they ensure the life-safety of building occupants, extensive damage and economic losses may still occur in the structures. This minimum performance can be enhanced using the Performance-Based Earthquake Engineering methodology and passive control systems like base isolation and energy dissipation systems. Even though these technologies and the PBEE methodology are effective reducing economic losses and fatalities during earthquakes, getting them implemented into seismic resistant design has been challenging. One of the many barriers to their implementation has been their upfront costs. The green building community has faced some of the same challenges that the high performance seismic design community currently faces. The goal of this thesis is to draw on the success of the green building industry to provide recommendations that may be used overcome the barriers that high performance seismic design (HPSD) is currently facing.

  19. Re-Assessing Green Building Performance: A Post Occupancy Evaluation of 22 GSA Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fowler, Kimberly M.; Rauch, Emily M.; Henderson, Jordan W.; Kora, Angela R.

    2010-06-01

    2nd report on the performance of GSA's sustainably designed buildings. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of measured whole building performance as it compares to GSA and industry baselines. The PNNL research team found the data analysis illuminated strengths and weaknesses of individual buildings as well as the portfolio of buildings. This section includes summary data, observations that cross multiple performance metrics, discussion of lessons learned from this research, and opportunities for future research. The summary of annual data for each of the performance metrics is provided in Table 25. The data represent 1 year of measurements and are not associated with any specific design features or strategies. Where available, multiple years of data were examined and there were minimal significant differences between the years. Individually focused post occupancy evaluation (POEs) would allow for more detailed analysis of the buildings. Examining building performance over multiple years could potentially offer a useful diagnostic tool for identifying building operations that are in need of operational changes. Investigating what the connection is between the building performance and the design intent would offer potential design guidance and possible insight into building operation strategies. The 'aggregate operating cost' metric used in this study represents the costs that were available for developing a comparative industry baseline for office buildings. The costs include water utilities, energy utilities, general maintenance, grounds maintenance, waste and recycling, and janitorial costs. Three of the buildings that cost more than the baseline in Figure 45 have higher maintenance costs than the baseline, and one has higher energy costs. Given the volume of data collected and analyzed for this study, the inevitable request is for a simple answer with respect to sustainably designed building performance. As previously stated

  20. A Study to Compare the Cost of Operation and Maintenance in Green Building Index (GBI and Non-Green Building Index (Non-GBI Rated Building in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Lee Zheng

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Urges for sustainable development had pushed the government and professional bodies to respond and react by implementing regulations where possible to direct development in that manner. However, the outcome in most financial conferences and dialogues on sustainable buildings flagged on high construction and maintenance cost. Thus, this study is conducted to collect and analyze actual building operation and maintenance cost between GBI and Non-GBI rated buildings in Malaysia which are more than 2 years fully operated buildings. There are two categories of selected buildings which are residential and non-residential type of building. Each category of the building consists of similar building’s characteristic such as geographic location, mode of operation, building heights, total numbers of floors and units. The scope of building’s maintenance for this study is mainly on wear and tear of the wall painting, electrical light fittings, ceiling panels, roofing system and mechanical services like water pump system are recorded for their replacement frequency of service and the cost involved within a consistent period of 12 months operation at cost percentage saving of 78.9% and 40.4% for residential and non-residential buildings respectively compare against Non-GBI rated buildings. Electricity consumption for GBI rated buildings are lower than Non-GBI rated buildings which recorded at the cost variance of 23.8% and 6.3% and water consumption at 35.9% and 44.0% for the above mentioned two main categories of selected case study buildings. Results from this study conclude major savings on residential buildings category in term of maintenance cost and electricity consumption for GBI rated buildings. Whereby, non-residential category of buildings, GBI rated building had been proven to obtain significant savings in terms of maintenance cost and water consumption.

  1. A study on the usage and perceptions of office building occupants to green roofs in Hong Kong

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    As Hong Kong is famous for its image of leading international financial metropolis, many high-rise office buildings are confined inside some developed commercial districts of Hong Kong. A place for provision of greenery in such districts seems impracticable. However, greenery can exist in forms of green roof onto office buildings, it seems a practical way to embellish this concrete city. Academic studies from other countries have proven that having green roof onto buildings is able to bri...

  2. A Green Transformation for Anadolu Airport Terminal Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emre Kıyak

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Energy is one of the basic necessities of life and, therefore, power management is extremely important these days. In this study, to reduce the electricity consumption and the use of renewable energy sources are considered to meet the current energy demand. Based on this, the lighting systems of Anadolu Airport terminal building in Eskisehir, Turkey have been analyzed. The lighting calculations and their evaluation meet international standards. Following these calculations, greener lighting approaches have been designed to reduce electricity consumption. The suggested lighting design includes new technology lighting production and shows the advantages of its use. Additionally, information on the installation of solar systems to meet the electricity energy demands of the lighting system has been included. When considering the paper as a whole, it follows from the analyses that energy saving applications to be carried out on the lighting systems are very efficient and the use of solar systems provides significant energy saving as well as contributing to the protection of the environment.

  3. Accelerating green building growth with old & new policy instruments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ar. Namrata Mahal

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available India is progressively moving towards the sustainability requirements of the real estate and infrastructure sector. The remarkable benefits like resource optimization, more efficient & lower impact on environment, health and well-being of the occupants and many more, have compelled government bodies across the nation to formally and regularly pursue these outcomes through various legislative instruments. Given that building sector belongs to a complex industrial chain involving wide-ranging actors, variety of instruments imbued by the political agenda are used to achieve certain degree of sustainability. The most commonly used instruments are economic incentives, rating systems, energy audit program, technology transfer program, information and education campaign and so on. Furthermore, given that India is a country that undoubtedly thrives on its diversity. Integrating diversity of concepts and strategies and utilizing the benefits that each level of government can provide, may complicate and dilute the desired impact. This paper enlists possible tools in the Indian context and within the ambit of the existing governance framework that could be adopted and increased exponentially at both levels, national and state

  4. Airborne Particulate Matter in Two Multi-Family Green Buildings: Concentrations and Effect of Ventilation and Occupant Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Allison P; Calderon, Leonardo; Xiong, Youyou; Wang, Zuocheng; Senick, Jennifer; Sorensen Allacci, MaryAnn; Plotnik, Deborah; Wener, Richard; Andrews, Clinton J; Krogmann, Uta; Mainelis, Gediminas

    2016-01-20

    There are limited data on air quality parameters, including airborne particulate matter (PM) in residential green buildings, which are increasing in prevalence. Exposure to PM is associated with cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, and since Americans spend almost 90% of their time indoors, residential exposures may substantially contribute to overall airborne PM exposure. Our objectives were to: (1) measure various PM fractions longitudinally in apartments in multi-family green buildings with natural (Building E) and mechanical (Building L) ventilation; (2) compare indoor and outdoor PM mass concentrations and their ratios (I/O) in these buildings, taking into account the effects of occupant behavior; and (3) evaluate the effect of green building designs and operations on indoor PM. We evaluated effects of ventilation, occupant behaviors, and overall building design on PM mass concentrations and I/O. Median PMTOTAL was higher in Building E (56 µg/m³) than in Building L (37 µg/m³); I/O was higher in Building E (1.3-2.0) than in Building L (0.5-0.8) for all particle size fractions. Our data show that the building design and occupant behaviors that either produce or dilute indoor PM (e.g., ventilation systems, combustion sources, and window operation) are important factors affecting residents' exposure to PM in residential green buildings.

  5. Investigation of the impact of electricity rate and mix on optimum green building design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, W.; Zmeureanu, R. [Concordia Univ., Centre for Building Studies, Montreal, PQ (Canada). Dept. of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering; Rivard, H. [Ecole de Technologie Superieure, Montreal, PQ (Canada). Dept. of Construction Engineering

    2004-07-01

    The basic principle of the green building philosophy is to design buildings that consider environmental performance. Residential and commercial buildings in Canada consume about 30 per cent of the total secondary energy use and are responsible for approximately 29 per cent of carbon dioxide equivalent greenhouse gas emissions and many other wastes. An optimization model was developed which minimizes life cycle cost and life cycle environmental impact. The model distinguishes different energy sources and incorporates their impacts, such as resource depletion, global warming and acidification. The model also considers design variables such as window type, orientation, building orientation, window-to-wall ratio, wall type and roof type. The model can be used to identify optimum green building designs for given conditions. The model uses expanded cumulative exergy consumption as the indicator for life cycle environmental performance. As such, it can be simplified by incorporating impact categories into one objective function. The model was applied to 3 electricity scenarios for buildings in Montreal. The study showed that electricity rates and mix have a significant impact on the trade-off association between economical and environmental performance. 20 refs., 3 tabs., 2 figs.

  6. ENERGY STAR and Green Buildings--Using ENERGY STAR Resources for Green Building Rating Systems: LEED[R], Green Globes[R] and CHPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utebay, Kudret

    2011-01-01

    Every building, from the smallest school to the tallest skyscraper, uses energy. This energy is most often generated by burning fossil fuels, which releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and contributes to climate change. Existing commercial buildings offer a significant opportunity for low-cost, immediate emissions and energy cost…

  7. 绿色建筑设计及其实例分析%The Green Building Design and Examples Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces elements of green building design, and proposes the core design concept of green building can be recycled, and then through the design example of a gre-en residential area, analyzes the concrete realization process of green building various design elements, are useful for the des-ign of green building.%  本文首先介绍了绿色建筑设计的要素,提出了绿色建筑可循环的核心设计理念,进而通过一个绿色住宅小区的设计实例,分析了绿色建筑各个设计要素的具体实现过程,对于绿色建筑的设计有很好的指导意义。

  8. Informing the decision makers on the cost and value of green building

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartlett, Ed; Howard, Nigel

    2000-09-01

    This paper seeks to challenge the traditional way in which we assess the value of green buildings in terms of their environmental friendliness, energy efficiency and whole life cost. In the UK, quantity surveyors (or cost consultants) have a perception that more energy efficient and environmentally friendly buildings cost between 5% and 15% more to build from the outset. This common assumption is not backed up by recent research and should be questioned. Construction professionals need to be informed of the whole life cost and environmental impact of buildings so that they can encourage key stakeholders to make more sustainable choices. These emerging issues together with practical tools are considered with case studies from recent projects. (Author)

  9. Pengukuran Kesesuaian Kriteria Green Building Pada Gedung Magister Manajemen Teknologi ITS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friskarindi Noor Wakhidah

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Dampak lingkungan yang diakibatkan oleh pembangunan bangunan baru sangatlah besar, sebuah bangunan akan memerlukan energi yang besar, listrik, air, dan juga menghasilkan limbah dalam jumlah yang cukup besar. Untuk mencegah hal tersebut, dibutuhkan suatu konsep pembangunan yang memerhatikan keadaan lingkungan.Konsep inilah yang dikenal dengan konsep green building. Penulisan Tugas Akhir ini dilakukan untuk membandingkan berdasarkan kondisi green yang ada dalam Greenship-GBCI dengan keadaan pada gedung Magister Manajemen Teknologi ITS, dengan cara observasi langsung dan wawancara verifikasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini berupa perbandingan antara kondisi green yang ada dalam Greenship-GBCI dengan keadaan pada gedung Magister Manajemen Teknologi ITS. Tidak seluruh kriteria menunjukkan perbedaan antara kondisi objek dengan standar Greenship-GBCI, kriteria yang sama dengan standar Greenship-GBCI yaitu visual comfort, sedangkan kriteria water fixture, thermal comfort, micro climate, pollution of construction activity, environmental tobacco smoke control memiliki prosentase sama dengan Greenship-GBCI 7,50 hingga 90%.

  10. Applying multi-objective genetic algorithms in green building design optimization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Weimin; Zmeureanu, Radu [Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Centre for Building Studies, Concordia University, Montreal (Canada); Rivard, Hugues [Department of Construction Engineering, Ecole de Technologie Superieure, Montreal (Canada)

    2005-11-01

    Since buildings have considerable impacts on the environment, it has become necessary to pay more attention to environmental performance in building design. However, it is a difficult task to find better design alternatives satisfying several conflicting criteria, especially, economical and environmental performance. This paper presents a multi-objective optimization model that could assist designers in green building design. Variables in the model include those parameters that are usually determined at the conceptual design stage and that have critical influence on building performance. Life cycle analysis methodology is employed to evaluate design alternatives for both economical and environmental criteria. Life cycle environmental impacts are evaluated in terms of expanded cumulative exergy consumption, which is the sum of exergy consumption due to resource inputs and abatement exergy required to recover the negative impacts due to waste emissions. A multi-objective genetic algorithm is employed to find optimal solutions. A case study is presented and the effectiveness of the approach is demonstrated for identifying a number of Pareto optimal solutions for green building design. (author)

  11. Marketing for green building; Marketing fuer oekologisches Bauen. Ergebnisse einer Studie zum SynergieHaus-Projekt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winkler, S.; Niedergesaess, U. [imug Beratungsgesellschaft mbH, Hannover (Germany)

    2001-03-12

    Ecological or green building becomes increasingly relevant in Germany. Of specific concern are the following questions that are considered more closely in the following article: Who are the customers or builder-owners of low energy houses? How to involve and motivate potential customers for this environmental form of building? What are the central motives in buying or building low energy houses and how to address private households with the issue of ecological building and living? These questions are discussed with reference to the results of a study carried out in the context of a specific green building sponsoring project named ''SynergieHaus''. (orig./CB) [German] Oekologisches Bauen gewinnt in Deutschland zunehmend an Bedeutung. Wer aber sind die Kaeufer bzw. Bauherren von Niedrigenergiehaeusern? Wie koennen Bauinteressenten fuer diese umweltorientierte Form des Bauens begeistert und gewonnen werden? Welches sind die zentralen Motive fuer den Kauf eines Niedrigenergiehauses bzw. wie koennen private Haushalte fuer oekologisches Bauen und Wohnen angesprochen werden? Diese marketingrelevanten Fragen werden in dem Beitrag naeher betrachtet anhand von Ergebnissen einer Studie zum SynergieHaus-Projekt. (orig./CB)

  12. Limits to green? Building blocks for green taxation; Grenzen aan groen? Bouwstenen voor een groen belastingstelsel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blom, M.J.; Schroten, A.; De Bruyn, S.M.; Rooijers, F.J.

    2010-01-15

    This report focuses on the question whether a further increase in environmental taxes can contribute to achieving a sustainable economy in which depletion and climate risks should be reduced to an acceptable level for 2050. The strategy to achieve this consists of four main elements: (1) Introduction of a new CO2 tax as part of the Energy Tax; (2) Broadening of the Energy Tax to sectors such as agriculture and industry and the cancellation of subsidies and tax rebates; (3) Expansion of new tax bases for import / production of natural resources (wood, fish, meat) and space; and (4) European agenda on 'greening'. [Dutch] In dit rapport staat de vraag centraal of een verdere groei van milieubelastingen een bijdrage kan leveren aan het realiseren van een duurzame economie waarin klimaat- en uitputtingsrisico's tot een aanvaardbaar niveau moeten zijn teruggebracht voor 2050. De strategie om dit te bereiken bestaat uit vier belangrijke elementen: (1) Introductie van een nieuwe CO2-heffing als onderdeel van de Energiebelasting; (2) Verbreding van de Energiebelasting naar sectoren zoals landbouw en industrie en het wegnemen van fiscale subsidies en kortingen; (3) Uitbreiding met nieuwe fiscale grondslagen import/productie van natuurlijke grondstoffen (hout, vis, vlees) en ruimte; en (4) Europese vergroeningsagenda.

  13. Artificial lighting for green or sustainable buildings and their fire safety concerns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    C.L.CHOW; W.K.CHOW

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, environmental aspects of artificial lighting including incandescent lamps and compact fluorescent lamps are reviewed. The impact on green or sustainable buildings is discussed from the energy use viewpoint, As there are complaints on the falling down of plastic components, and the long ignition time required for compact fluorescents, the fire environment is simulated with Computational Fluid Dynamics. Results indicated that combustibles placed adjacent to a lamp with the possibility of igniting should be watched carefully.

  14. What's in your bookmark? Green building information on the Web.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cavallo, J. D.; Iversen, M. R.

    1999-02-17

    In listing web sites that are of special interest to the Affordable Comfort community, we will try to categorize sites in six major areas: Green Building Product Directories, Software Tools on the Web, Good Places for Learning, Health and Indoor Environment Information, Important Discussion Groups and E-mail Lists, and Sites of Sites. Since we can not help but leave out a great deal, we invite the reader to contact us for lists of sites that we could not include.

  15. Building America Top Innovations 2014 Profile: Valuing Green in the Appraisal Process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2014-11-01

    This 2014 Top Innovation profile describes how Building America’s BARA team facilitated discussions between the Appraisal Institute and RESNET, paving the way for a groundbreaking agreement between the two organizations. This agreement allows RESNET-approved Home Energy Rating System (HERS) software to auto-generate a fact-filled Green and Energy Efficiency Addendum intended for real estate appraisers for every home rated by a RESNET-certified HERS rater.

  16. STUDI TERHADAP KONSERVASI ENERGI PADA GEDUNG SEWAKA DHARMA KOTA DENPASAR YANG MENERAPKAN KONSEP GREEN BUILDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Wayan Swi Putra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Gedung  Sewaka  Dharma  Kota  Denpasar  dibangun  dengan  konsep  desain  green building. Dengan konsep desain green  building, gedung Sewaka Dharma diharapkan mampu menghemat energi di  dalam pengoperasiannya. Konsep desain green building yang diterapkan antara  lain,  gedung  dibuat  dengan  banyak  jendela  kaca,  memakai  sistem  ventilasi  vertikal, lingkungan  di  dalam  dan  di  luar  gedung  yang  hijau  serta  pemakaian  solar  sel  untuk  lampu penerangan  luar  dalam  mengurangi  konsumsi  energi.  Dari  hasil  studi  yang  dilakukan  ada perbedaan antara perencanaan dan realisasi dalam pembangunannya.  Suhu dan kelembaban yang tinggi mengakibatkan terjadinya pemasangan AC di masing-masing ruangan.  Suhu dan kelembaban  yang  tinggi  diakibatkan  karena  tidak  berjalannya  sistem  ventilasi  alami  pada gedung tersebut.  Hal ini mengindikasikan bahwa konsep green building yang diterapkan pada gedung  Sewaka  Dharma  tidak  mampu  menciptakan  lingkungan  kerja  yang  nyaman  bagi pegawainya.

  17. Study and inquiry on green building materials%绿色建筑材料的研究与探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴枫; 邵兵; 周婷婷; 杨杰

    2015-01-01

    The paper introduces the definition of green building materials,illustrates basic standards needing following in estimating green build-ing materials,analyzes green building material application status including green wall materials,green glass,green ecological cement and so on, and finally points out that:the development trend of domestic green building materials has significant meaning for building sustainable and re-sources-saving society.%简要介绍了绿色建筑材料的含义,说明了评估绿色建筑材料应遵循的基本标准,并对绿色墙体材料、绿色玻璃、绿色生态水泥等建筑材料的应用现状进行了分析,指出了我国绿色建筑材料的发展趋势,对构建可持续发展的资源节约型社会有重要意义。

  18. Encouraging Teachers to Build Collaborations with Researchers; Examples From the Classroom (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, M.

    2013-12-01

    Bringing experts into our schools allows for highly engaging lessons, encourages career thinking, adds authenticity to the topic, and allows student's questions to be answered by experts. Researchers can physically visit classrooms or appear through presentation technologies, such as Skype, or Google Hangouts. Virtual visits allow students to see laboratories and field sites. Collaborating with scientists builds the connective tissue that helps all educators and our students learn more deeply. When K-12 teachers collaborate with scientists and graduate students, teachers learn more science, and scientists learn more teaching. This growth of background knowledge is a win-win situation and helps us meet the expectations of the Common Core State Standards. Teachers need to feel encouraged to contact their local or regional scientists for support. Reaching out into the universities to make contact with polar scientists or graduate students is a good place to start. Building professional networks allows PI's to address the 'broader impact' requirement on many grant applications, and helps spread the university's work in the polar regions out to the general public. These collaborations also give teachers expert insights and current data to build authentic lessons, and excite their students to seek careers in the sciences. This presentation will focus on three completed interactive opportunities I have built with researchers in my classroom. Students adding daily sediment to their sediment core, after communications from the field with scientist Heidi Roop in Alaska.

  19. Discuss the Green Building Design of LEED Standards%LEED标准的绿色建筑设计略谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李坚

    2014-01-01

    文章将从绿色建筑设计所遵循的原则展开叙述,具体阐述了LEED标准的内涵、LEED标准在绿色建筑中的应用及其意义。并从稳步推进建筑行业发展的角度,分析了绿色建筑设计现状,并提出了提高绿色建筑设计的有效措施。%This article elaborates the narrative principles of green building design and expounds the connotation of LEED standards, and the application and its significance of LEED standards in green building. And from the perspective of the steadily promote the development of construction industry, the author analyzes the current situation of green building design and puts forward some effective measures to improve the green building design.

  20. 山西省绿色建筑发展思考%Thoughts on Shanxi green building development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春妍

    2012-01-01

    This paper briefly introduced the significance of developing green building, combining with the actual work, analyzed the development present situation, existence questions and reasons of Shanxi green building, proposed suggestions to suit oneg measures to local conditions to de- velop Shanxi green building, in order to realize the goal of popularizing green building.%简述了发展绿色建筑的重要意义,并结合工作实际,分析了当前山西省绿色建筑发展现状、存在的问题及原因,对因地制宜发展我省绿色建筑提出了建议,以实现绿色建筑普及化的目标。

  1. Enhancement of Fire Safety of an Existing Green Building due to Natural Ventilation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Sheng Huang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, natural ventilation technology is extensively used in order to improve indoor environment quality and reduce power consumption of air-conditioning systems in green buildings. However, the effect of natural ventilation on fires needs to be evaluated carefully, and how to make these energy-saving buildings safe is a topic worth studying. This study uses Fire Dynamics Simulator on some fire safety enhancement measures for an existing green building without installation of a smoke exhaust system. Since the building is located on a school campus, it does not require a smoke exhaust system according to Taiwan fire regulations. Referential results, obtained after a series of improvement strategies are tested, show that kiln natural ventilation can generate a comfortable air flow. Unfortunately, due to the stack effect, hot air and fatal smoke are blown into the evacuation route area behind the room when a fire occurs. The findings showed that there are two feasible improvement measures, “controlling the off state of each air inlet” and “setting up an exhaust port in the rear of room”, which can effectively resolve the fire safety issues; the construction of which can be undertaken at a reasonable cost.

  2. Energy Prediction versus Energy Performance of Green Buildings in Malaysia. Comparison of Predicted and Operational Measurement of GBI Certified Green Office in Kuala Lumpur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaid Suzaini M

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Forward from the sustainability agenda of Brundtland in 1987 and the increasing demand for energy efficient buildings, the building industry has taken steps in meeting the challenge of reducing its environmental impact. Initiatives such as ‘green’ or ‘sustainable’ design have been at the forefront of architecture, while green assessment tools have been used to predict the energy performance of building during its operational phase. However, there is still a significant hap between predicted or simulated energy measurements compared to actual operational energy consumption, or is more commonly referred as the ‘performance gap’. This paper tries to bridge this gap by comparing measured operational energy consumption of a Green Building Index (GBI certified office building in Kuala Lumpur, with its predicted energy rating qualification.

  3. Energy-efficient vertical transportation with sensor information in smart green buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahn, H.

    2016-08-01

    In modern smart green buildings, sensors can detect various physical status of a building such as temperature, humidity, motion, and light, which can be used for smart living services. This paper presents an energy-efficient vertical transportation by making use of indoor sensor technologies. Specifically, sensors detect elevator users before they push the call button, and then inform to the elevator control system through building networks. By using this information, our system generates a reservation call and controls the moving time and direction of each elevator efficiently. Simulation experiments with a variety of traffic situations show that our elevator control system exhibits significantly better performance than the conventional system that does not use sensor information with respect to passengers’ waiting time and energy consumption.

  4. Mental models of a water management system in a green building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalantzis, Anastasia; Thatcher, Andrew; Sheridan, Craig

    2016-11-01

    This intergroup case study compared users' mental models with an expert design model of a water management system in a green building. The system incorporates a constructed wetland component and a rainwater collection pond that together recycle water for re-use in the building and its surroundings. The sample consisted of five building occupants and the cleaner (6 users) and two experts who were involved with the design of the water management system. Users' mental model descriptions and the experts' design model were derived from in-depth interviews combined with self-constructed (and verified) diagrams. Findings from the study suggest that there is considerable variability in the user mental models that could impact the efficient functioning of the water management system. Recommendations for improvements are discussed.

  5. Comparison of the National Green Building Standard (ICC 700-2008) and LEED for Homes to the Residential Provisions of the 2009 IECC for the Delaware Green for Green Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Britt, Michelle L.; Makela, Eric J.

    2011-01-30

    Adhering to Delaware’s Green for Green program specifications results in homes being built to more energy-efficient levels than the 2009 IECC levels. Specifically: • Certifying at the Silver Performance Level for the ICC 700 standard using either the Prescriptive or Performance Paths will result in a residential building that is more efficient than if the building only complied with the 2009 IECC. • Certifying at the Silver level under LEED for Homes standard, including mandatory compliance with ENERGY STAR 2006 and earning two additional energy points will result in a residential building that is more efficient than if the building only complied with the 2009 IECC.

  6. 绿色建筑当前的发展与展望%CURRENT DEVELOPMENT AND OUTLOOK OF GREEN BUILDING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐至钧; 赵尧钟

    2012-01-01

    Based on the concept and current development of green building, significance of green building design is introduced, design content and characteristics of low-carbon energy-saving green residential building are described in details. Domestic winning green building projects of recent two years are listed. Wide and bright development outlook of green building are discussed on the aspects of existing problems and development trend of green building.%从绿色建筑的概念与当前发展入手,介绍绿色建筑设计的内涵,详细介绍了绿色低碳节能住宅设计的内容和特点,列举了我国近两年评选的绿色建筑项目,最后从绿色建筑存在问题和发展趋势论证了绿色建筑广阔的发展前景.

  7. Parametric study on the performance of green residential buildings in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xi Wang

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The parametric study of the indoor environment of green buildings focuses on the quantitative and qualitative improvement of residential building construction in China and the achievement of indoor thermal comfort at a low level of energy use. This study examines the effect of the adaptive thermal comfort of indoor environment control in hot summer and cold winter (HSCW zones. This work is based on a field study of the regional thermal assessment of two typical cases, the results of which are compared with simulated results of various scenarios of “energy efficiency” strategy and “healthy housing” environmental control. First, the simulated results show that the adaptive thermal comfort of indoor environment control is actually balanced in terms of occupancy, comfort, and energy efficiency. Second, adaptive thermal comfort control can save more energy for heating or cooling than other current healthy housing environmental controls in China׳s HSCW zone. Moreover, a large proportion of energy use is based on the subjective thermal comfort demand of occupants in any building type. Third, the building shape coefficient cannot dominate energy savings. The ratio of the superficial area of a building to the actual indoor floor area has a significant positive correlation with and affects the efficiency of building thermal performance.

  8. Developing a green metric mechanism versus LEED for tall buildings in Qatar: evaluation-based case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galal A Ibrahim, Hatem [Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, College of Engineering, Qatar University (Qatar)], E-mail: hatem_ibrahim@hotmail.com

    2011-07-01

    Qatar, with its large and growing economy is one of the busiest construction sites in the world. In Doha, numerous tall buildings have been constructed to provide office space and meet life style property demand. The aim of this paper is to develop a new green metrics system for Doha tall buildings. This green metrics system distributes credits based on indoor thermal comfort, energy consumption, water management and innovation in design. The system was applied in the Tornado tower, a 52-storey office building situated in Doha's West Bay area and compared with the LEED system. It was found that the new metrics system developed herein is better suited to Doha's tall buildings than the LEED system. This paper presented a new green metrics system which will be helpful in determining the environmental performance of tall buildings in Qatar.

  9. Inquiry on green building design methods%绿色建筑设计方法探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧玲

    2016-01-01

    简述了绿色建筑设计的意义,介绍了绿色建筑设计需遵循的原则,从设计工艺、建筑材料、节能环保等方面,提出了绿色建筑的设计方法,以创造出美观、舒适的建筑物,实现建筑业的持续发展.%The paper briefly describes the meaning of green building design,introduces principles needing flowing in green building design,and puts forward green building design methods from aspects of design technology,building material,energy saving and environment protection,with a view to create beautiful and comfortable building,and to realize sustainable development of construction industry.

  10. Legal fundamentals and standards for ''green buildings''. Legal aspects of green building and sustainable building; Gesetzliche Grundlagen und Normen fuer 'Gruene Gebaeude'. Die rechtlichen Aspekte bei Green Building und Nachhaltigem Bauen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schrammel, Florian [HFK Rechtsanwaelte, Muenchen (Germany)

    2010-09-15

    Green building is a method of construction that is intended to enhance the efficiency of buildings in terms of energy, water and materials consumption and to reduce adverse effects on health and the environment. Facility managers should be aware of this issue, in consideration of life cycle assessment and sustainability, as it will be an important business model for the future, and they should take care to master the relevant legal regulations and guidelines. (orig.)

  11. Completion of Green Building by Korea Institute of Energy Research - Energy{center_dot}Conservation{center_dot}Environmental Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Sang Dong [Korea Institute of Energy Research, Taejon (Korea)

    2001-04-01

    Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER), which was fully aware that the effective utilization of energy could not only save energy but also reduce the environmental pollution due to a combustion exhaust gas, has built and operated 'the Ultra Energy Saving Building' whose energy consumption was only a fifth of general buildings as a example. KIER has started to research the project for the technology development and spread of Green Building in 'Enertech 21' - the most important research program of 1994 year - and has constructed the central building of the Institute with only the current available technology since the early of 1997 year, via researches by a step. Finally, KIER held the ceremony for the completion of Green Building in March sixth. This building is not just the first green building in Korea but also the representative building of energy environment research center, which will be marked out for a model for the domestic construction and construction industry in future. Therefore, this building has functions of exhibition, publicity, education, and experimentation for the building researchers as well as the office and researching place that is original function of this building. 4 figs., 5 tabs.

  12. Challenges in Delivering Green Building Projects: Unearthing the Transaction Costs (TCs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Queena K. Qian

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Delivering green building (GB projects involve some activities that are atypical in comparison with conventional buildings. Such new activities are characterized by uncertainty, and they incur hidden costs that have not been expected nor are they readily appreciated among the stakeholders. This paper develops a typology and chronology to examine the new activities that are associated with transaction costs (TCs in the real estate development process (REDP of green building. Through in-depth interviews with representatives from the major developers in Hong Kong who have experiences in GB practice, this study aims to unearth TCs involved at the critical stages of the REDP. Apart from reconfirming the early project planning stage as the most critical in the consideration of TCs, the study results also identified “extra legal liability risk of the GB product” as the major concern for any GB developer in Hong Kong. The key additional activities that bring significant TCs in developing GB are identified and compared to their traditional counterparts. In turn, project managers not only have to pursue overall cost management whilst winning more business, but they also have to pay particular attention to sustainability in order to minimize hidden societal costs. The study also provides a reference for governments and professionals that will aid in forming policy as well as advance the practice of the GB market by optimizing the societal costs.

  13. Unique Rating System for Green Building: By Comparing Various Existing Rating Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Rishabh G. Saigaonkar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The construction industries are known to be the pioneer of a country‟s development. In modern days the infrastructure of a country defines its true development, thus making construction sector more prominent. Countries like India are thus solemnly dependent on its construction sector for its rapid development. In 21st century, one of the major challenges faced by mankind is that of global climate change, which has highly alerted to the concern for conservation of nature. In a way, making environmental sustainability to be of much more importance in actual execution of work is the focus. World-wide there are various building evaluation tools that focus on different areas of sustainable development and are designed for different types of projects. This research attempts to understand the various Green building rating system assessment criteria that need to be considered during comparison. Finally based on comparative study an attempt is made to recommend one unique rating system which will cover each and every aspect required for assessment and certification for any green building. This system would be comparatively less complex and able to provide the necessary perception about the project with ease.

  14. Brief Discussion on China's Green Building Materials%浅谈我国绿色建筑材料

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐锋

    2014-01-01

    Starting from the deifnition of"green building material"and combining green materials in China, this paper elaborates what materials are "green materials"with whole lifecycle evaluation of building material as entry point, and finally it combines status quo of China's green building materials to proposes suggestion on development of China's green building. It hopes this paper would be beneficial for development of China's green building material market.%文章从“绿色建材”的定义出发,结合国内绿色建筑,以建筑材料的全寿命周期评价为切入点,详细阐述什么样的建筑材料是“绿色建材”,最后结合国内绿色建材的现状,对我国绿色建材的发展提出一点小小的建议,希望能对我国绿色建材市场的发展有所裨益。

  15. Bacillus megaterium mediated mineralization of calcium carbonate as biogenic surface treatment of green building materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhami, Navdeep Kaur; Reddy, M Sudhakara; Mukherjee, Abhijit

    2013-12-01

    Microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation is a biomineralization process that has various applications in remediation and restoration of range of building materials. In the present study, calcifying bacteria, Bacillus megaterium SS3 isolated from calcareous soil was applied as biosealant to enhance the durability of low energy, green building materials (soil-cement blocks). This bacterial isolate produced high amounts of urease, carbonic anhydrase, extra polymeric substances and biofilm. The calcium carbonate polymorphs produced by B. megaterium SS3 were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, confocal laser scanning microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transmission infra red spectroscopy. These results suggested that calcite is the most predominant carbonate formed by this bacteria followed by vaterite. Application of B. megaterium SS3 as biogenic surface treatment led to 40 % decrease in water absorption, 31 % decrease in porosity and 18 % increase in compressive strength of low energy building materials. From the present investigation, it is clear that surface treatment of building materials by B. megaterium SS3 is very effective and eco friendly way of biodeposition of coherent carbonates that enhances the durability of building materials.

  16. 绿色建筑的屋顶设计%The Roof Design of Green Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      我们的一切能量最初都来自于太阳和天空,能量也会也会从天上反馈回来。所以屋顶,将会是我们绿色建筑设计中与自然互动最大的一块区域。%Al the energy we original y comes from the sun and sky, energy wil also come back from heaven. So the roof wil be the largest regional interaction with nature in our green building design.

  17. 办公楼绿色建筑结构设计%Green Structural Design of Office Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔德欣

    2015-01-01

    我国正处于绿色建筑加速发展时期,节能设计与建筑能耗的问题越来越受到广泛的重视。通过某办公楼绿色建筑结构设计实例,对绿色建筑结构的体系选型、优化设计等方面进行阐述,为类似工程提供参考。%China is in a period of accelerated development of green building, and energy-saving design and building energy consumption problem is getting wide attention. Through the example of green structure design of a office building, the selection and optimized design of the green building structure are elaborated to provide reference for similar projects.

  18. Measuring Instrument Constructs of Return Factors for Green Office Building Investments Variables Using Rasch Measurement Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isa Mona

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a preliminary study on rationalising green office building investments in Malaysia. The aim of this paper is attempt to introduce the application of Rasch measurement model analysis to determine the validity and reliability of each construct in the questionnaire. In achieving this objective, a questionnaire survey was developed consists of 6 sections and a total of 106 responses were received from various investors who own and lease office buildings in Kuala Lumpur. The Rasch Measurement analysis is used to measure the quality control of item constructs in the instrument by measuring the specific objectivity within the same dimension, to reduce ambiguous measures, and a realistic estimation of precision and implicit quality. The Rasch analysis consists of the summary statistics, item unidimensionality and item measures. A result shows the items and respondent (person reliability is at 0.91 and 0.95 respectively.

  19. Two-phase application of multi-objective genetic algorithms in green building design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, W.; Zmeureanu, R. [Concordia Univ., Centre for Building Studies, Montreal, PQ (Canada). Dept. of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering; Rivard, H. [Ecole de Technologie Superieure, Montreal, PQ (Canada). Dept. of Construction Engineering

    2005-07-01

    The application of multi-objective genetic algorithms for green building design in two phases were presented in order to better help designers in the decision-making process. The purpose is to minimize two conflicting criteria: the life-cycle cost and the life-cycle environmental impact. Environmental impact criteria examined include energy and non-energy natural resources, global warming, and acidification. Variables focus on building envelope-related parameters. The application of multi-objective genetic algorithms is divided into two phases. The first phase intends to help designers in understanding the trade-off relationship between the two conflicting criteria. The second phase intends to refine the performance region that is of the designer's interest. The results after the two-phase application of the multi objective genetic algorithm were then presented. 13 refs., 4 tabs., 3 figs.

  20. Evaluation on Thermal Behavior of a Green Roof Retrofit System Installed on Experimental Building in Composite Climate of Roorkee, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Ashok; Deoliya, Rajesh; Chani, P. S.

    2015-12-01

    Green roofs not only provide cooling by shading, but also by transpiration of water through the stomata. However, the evidence for green roofs providing significant air cooling remains limited. No literature investigates the thermal performance of prefab brick panel roofing technology with green roof. Hence, the aim of this research is to investigate the thermal behavior of an experimental room, built at CSIR-Central Building Research Institute (CBRI) campus, Roorkee, India using such roofing technology during May 2013. The study also explores the feasibility of green roof with grass carpets that require minimum irrigation, to assess the expected indoor thermal comfort improvements by doing real-time experimental studies. The results show that the proposed green roof system is suitable for reducing the energy demand for space cooling during hot summer, without worsening the winter energy performance. The cost of proposed retrofit system is about Rs. 1075 per m2. Therefore, green roofs can be used efficiently in retrofitting existing buildings in India to improve the micro-climate on building roofs and roof insulation, where the additional load carrying capacity of buildings is about 100-130 kg/m2.

  1. Comparative assessment of environmental performance tools and the role of the Green Building Challenge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Todd, J.A.; Crawley, D.; Geissler, S.; Lindsey, G.

    2001-09-01

    Green Building Challenge (GBC) was intended to advance the state-of-the-art of building performance assessment, through the development, testing, and discussion of an assessment framework, criteria and tool. The contributions of GBC to building performance assessment are considered through comparing similarities and differences with a selection of available assessment tools. Unlike national or proprietary assessment systems, GBC was not designed for application to specific commercial markets. Instead, it emphasized research and involved researchers and practitioners from many countries. Consequently, GBC has been in a unique position to test and adopt new ideas and implement step changes. GBC's roles over the past five years have been to provide a reference framework, method and tools that can be used to develop new systems or improve existing systems; provide a forum for discussion among researchers and practitioners worldwide; and raise awareness and credibility of assessment systems. GBC's role has evolved as the context in which it operates has changed. Based on the analysis on GBC's specific characteristics and strengths, its potential future roles are found to reside in a unique position. Its role as a reference system has become less important to many participants as they implement their own national assessment systems. However, GBC's role as a forum and catalyst for change has taken on greater importance as researchers and practitioners continue to wrestle with the most difficult issues in building performance assessment. (author)

  2. Orthogonal experiment on reclaimed water treatment and economic optimization model in green building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何强; 张成; 柴宏祥; 樊明玉

    2009-01-01

    The efficacy of superior drainage in green building treated by combinational technique of coagulation sedimentation and constructed wetland was launched. The results show that the regression equation relating to effluent BOD5,cubage load (Nv),temperature (t) and addition dosage (ρ) is BOD5=2.05Nv-0.41t-0.82ρ+38.9. The orthogonal experiment results of constructed wetland post-treatment show that the regression equation relating to effluent BOD5,cubage load (NA),and temperature (t) is BOD5=1 190NA-0.32t+12.2. Based on the two orthogonal regression equations,combined of green building municipal gray reclaimed water quantity requirements in different seasons,a technology investment on economic optimization model of combinational technique was established. The results offer technological support for reclaimed water treatment,which regards superior drainage as the source and is purified by combinational technique of coagulation sedimentation and constructed wetland. According to the model,the reasonable scale of reclaimed water treatment systems can be determined,the treatment efficacy can be well predicted,and both the design and operating can be effectively guided.

  3. Solar Absorption Refrigeration System for Air-Conditioning of a Classroom Building in Northern India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrawal, Tanmay; Varun; Kumar, Anoop

    2015-10-01

    Air-conditioning is a basic tool to provide human thermal comfort in a building space. The primary aim of the present work is to design an air-conditioning system based on vapour absorption cycle that utilizes a renewable energy source for its operation. The building under consideration is a classroom of dimensions 18.5 m × 13 m × 4.5 m located in Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh in India. For this purpose, cooling load of the building was calculated first by using cooling load temperature difference method to estimate cooling capacity of the air-conditioning system. Coefficient of performance of the refrigeration system was computed for various values of strong and weak solution concentration. In this work, a solar collector is also designed to provide required amount of heat energy by the absorption system. This heat energy is taken from solar energy which makes this system eco-friendly and sustainable. A computer program was written in MATLAB to calculate the design parameters. Results were obtained for various values of solution concentrations throughout the year. Cost analysis has also been carried out to compare absorption refrigeration system with conventional vapour compression cycle based air-conditioners.

  4. Evaluation of the effects of vegetation and green walls on building thermal performance and energy consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susorova, Irina

    , the model provided new tools for evaluating the impact of plant layers on facade thermal performance in existing buildings retrofitted with green walls and for designing green walls for optimal energy efficiency in new construction.

  5. From Classroom to Capitol: Building Advocacy Capacity Through State-Level Advocacy Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera, Lydia; Starry, Bethany; Gangi, Catherine; Lube, Lauren M; Cedergren, Anders; Whitney, Emily; Rees, Keely

    2016-11-01

    This commentary provides insight from Community Health Education and Master of Public Health students on the benefits of participating in a state-level Advocacy Experience and provides a theoretical framework for increased advocacy intention among students as a result of participating in a state-level Advocacy Experience. Providing students the opportunity to translate what they learn about advocacy in the classroom into advocacy in action with policy makers is vital to the career development of our future health education professionals and is key to increasing advocacy capacity within our profession. This article builds on previous work from emerging public health professionals highlighting the role of policy advocacy in professional development and provides additional perspectives from the next generation of health education specialists.

  6. Analysis of the Key Point and Principle of Green Building Design%试析绿色建筑设计的要点及原则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王坚

    2014-01-01

    本文结合绿色建筑的理念,指出了绿色建筑物的设计要点,同时还提出了绿色建筑物概念设计的原则和相关策略。%Combining with the green building design philo-sophy, this article points out the green building design points, and also puts forward the principles and related strategies of green building design.

  7. Ten Tips for Classroom Management: How to Improve Student Engagement and Build a Positive Climate for Learning and Discipline

    Science.gov (United States)

    George Lucas Educational Foundation, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This guide addresses the practical aspects of managing a classroom, with suggestions and resources appropriate for grades K-12. Most of the tips are applicable to students of all ages, but the actual techniques will look different for the various grades. For instance, "build community" might mean playing name games with elementary students but…

  8. Unity in the Elementary School Classroom: Building Community Through Increasing Positive Social Interactions Between and Among Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piatt-Jaeger, Sally

    2011-01-01

    Children's sense of a community is essential in elementary schools. This helps gives students a sense of belonging and control over their environment. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of several strategies from the Toolbox Project and their effect on building community in the classroom. Collin (2003b) discusses his Toolbox…

  9. Demonstrating leadership inside and out : green building project trains employees, educates clients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-01-15

    This article described a full-scale green renovation project undertaken by a construction management firm in Newton, Massachusetts. Chapman Construction and Design began renovating its own office building in late 2007 and completed it in September 2008. The firm set out to achieve LEED Platinum certification from the United States Green Building Council. The project involved energy saving modifications to its mechanical systems; replacing plumbing fixtures with high efficiency alternatives to reduce water consumption by at least 40 per cent; installing skylights and additional windows to allow more natural light into the interior space; salvaging doors, lighting, metal studs and masonry whenever possible; and using sustainable products such as recyclable carpets, tiles and low-VOC paint. The main feature of the renovation was a new 47 kW (DC) photovoltaic (PV) solar power array installed on the rooftop. The PV array includes 208 panels and a SunPower SPR-225 system that produces 55,000 kWh of clean power per year. This grid connected system will supply 90 per cent of the company's electricity needs. During times of peak production, excess power will be sent back to the utility. This article also described the 3 different roofing systems upon which the PV system was installed. All of the roofing systems were manufactured by the Firestone Building Products Company and included an innovative and highly reflective white thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) single-ply roofing system; a RubberGard EPDM roofing system that was coated with Firestone's white AcryliTop coating which exceeds Energy Star requirements for energy efficiency; and a 1.5 mm Firestone UltraPly TPO membrane. The easy to install roofing systems were designed to prolong the service life of the roof and reflect solar radiation. 1 ref., 2 figs.

  10. Appraisal of thermal premium in green building practice at urban scale. Methodological preview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonino Barbalace

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Research objective is to conceive, design and experiment a strategy at wide city scale to contribute facing the global ecological and energy crises of the Planet. This should be done through structural cut-down of fossil fuel consumption for settlements, i.e. by adopting the lowest cost energy: the not-consumed one! According to the Green Building Practices there are goals that can be achieved mainly through building passivation connected to: application of state-of-the-art sustainable technologies; alternative energy sources; diffusion of zero-mile decentralized solar energy production; fostering-up of solar feeding for summer air-conditioning, i.e. one of the most demanding energy consumers of the world. Owners, investors, contractors, occupants, tenants ask for more information and better quantification of energy saving magnitude in Green Buildings, as well as further appraisal of pay-back period i.e the length of time required for the return or re-payment of the additional larger initial investment. Research tries to conceive a methodology to assess in physical and monetary terms the energy saving and to define in financial terms the initial investment pay-back period at a reasonable rate. Proposed methodology has been tested in a first Case Study set-up at urban level and performed on a urban blocks of a Mediterranean medium size town including real world prototype yard, i.e. chantier, integrating passivation with the adoption of key frontier technologies such as sun chiller and solar cooling.

  11. From the Green Screen to the Classroom: Training Graduate Students to Communicate Science and Mathematics Effectively through the INSPIRE Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Donna M.; Radencic, Sarah P.; Walker, Ryan M.; Cartwright, John H.; Schmitz, Darrel W.; Bruce, Lori M.; McNeal, Karen S.

    2014-11-01

    Initiating New Science Partnerships in Rural Education (INSPIRE) is a five-year partnership between Mississippi State University and three school districts in Mississippi’s Golden Triangle region. This fellowship program is designed to strengthen the communication and scientific reasoning skills of STEM graduate students by having them design and implement inquiry-based lessons which channel various aspects of their research in our partner classrooms. Fellows are encouraged to explore a diversity of approaches in classroom lesson design and to use various technologies in their lessons, including GIS, SkyMaster weather stations, Celestia, proscopes, benchtop SEM, and others. Prior to entering the classrooms for a full school year, Fellows go through an intense graduate-level training course and work directly with their partner teachers, the program coordinator, and participating faculty, to fold their lessons into the curricula of the classrooms to which they’ve been assigned. Here, we will discuss the various written, oral, and visual exercises that have been most effective for training our Fellows, including group discussions of education literature, role playing and team-building exercises, preparation of written lesson plans for dissemination to other teachers nationwide, the Presentation Boot Camp program, and production of videos made by the Fellows highlighting careers in STEM fields. We will also discuss the changes observed in Fellows’ abilities to communicate science and mathematics over the course of their fellowship year. INSPIRE is funded by the NSF Graduate K-12 (GK-12) STEM Fellowship Program, award number DGE-0947419.

  12. 对于绿色建筑经济激励政策分析%Analysis of the Incentive Policy of Green Building Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨柳; 刘菁

    2014-01-01

    本文分析和比较了绿色建筑和非绿色建筑的外部性,研究了绿色建筑经济激励政策的基本原理,并提出了有助于发展绿色建筑产业的具体对策。%This article compares and analyzes the externality of green building with non-green building, studies the basic pr-inciples of green building economy prompting policy, and puts forward concrete countermeasures which benefit the develop-ment of green building industry.

  13. Green

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙继山

    2005-01-01

    The Green Games-this is a Chinese promise to the world. Green it has to be when the Olympic Games are opened at a spectacular venue in the north of Beijing in 2008. However, those who live in the capital still worry whether it will be possible to turn the rather polluted city. into a green or even half-green city. But time and again, China has proved that this kind of huge challenge can be met. Nevertheless,this time around it is a tough call indeed and a little over three years are left to execute and complete an audacious task.

  14. On-Site Renewable Energy and Green Buildings: A System-Level Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Ghamdi, Sami G; Bilec, Melissa M

    2016-05-03

    Adopting a green building rating system (GBRSs) that strongly considers use of renewable energy can have important environmental consequences, particularly in developing countries. In this paper, we studied on-site renewable energy and GBRSs at the system level to explore potential benefits and challenges. While we have focused on GBRSs, the findings can offer additional insight for renewable incentives across sectors. An energy model was built for 25 sites to compute the potential solar and wind power production on-site and available within the building footprint and regional climate. A life-cycle approach and cost analysis were then completed to analyze the environmental and economic impacts. Environmental impacts of renewable energy varied dramatically between sites, in some cases, the environmental benefits were limited despite the significant economic burden of those renewable systems on-site and vice versa. Our recommendation for GBRSs, and broader policies and regulations, is to require buildings with higher environmental impacts to achieve higher levels of energy performance and on-site renewable energy utilization, instead of fixed percentages.

  15. Ozone deposition velocities, reaction probabilities and product yields for green building materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamble, S. P.; Corsi, R. L.; Morrison, G. C.

    2011-12-01

    Indoor surfaces can passively remove ozone that enters buildings, reducing occupant exposure without an energy penalty. However, reactions between ozone and building surfaces can generate and release aerosols and irritating and carcinogenic gases. To identify desirable indoor surfaces the deposition velocity, reaction probability and carbonyl product yields of building materials considered green (listed, recycled, sustainable, etc.) were quantified. Nineteen separate floor, wall or ceiling materials were tested in a 10 L, flow-through laboratory reaction chamber. Inlet ozone concentrations were maintained between 150 and 200 ppb (generally much lower in chamber air), relative humidity at 50%, temperature at 25 °C and exposure occurred over 24 h. Deposition velocities ranged from 0.25 m h -1 for a linoleum style flooring up to 8.2 m h -1 for a clay based paint; reaction probabilities ranged from 8.8 × 10 -7 to 6.9 × 10 -5 respectively. For all materials, product yields of C 1 thru C 12 saturated n-aldehydes, plus acetone ranged from undetectable to greater than 0.70 The most promising material was a clay wall plaster which exhibited a high deposition velocity (5.0 m h -1) and a low product yield (

  16. Analysis on Economic Evaluation of Green Building%浅析绿色建筑的经济性评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢莉燕; 赵田田

    2013-01-01

    在可持续发展思想的指导下,绿色建筑顺其自然成为建筑业的发展未来。文章将着手构建绿色建筑经济效益评价模型,为促进绿色建筑的发展奠定基础。详细剖析绿色技术的各项增量成本、增量效益,更加准确的评价绿色建筑的经济性。%Under the guidance of sustainable development, green building naturally becomes the future development of the construction industry. This article starts to set up a green building economic evaluation model, establishes foundation for promoting the development of green building. This article has a detailed analysis about the incremental cost and incremental benefits of green technology, and accurately evaluates the economics of green building.

  17. ANSI S12.60 (2002) testing of modular buildings used as classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busch, Todd A.

    2003-10-01

    The acoustics of modular buildings used as classrooms may come under greater scrutiny if schools adopt American National Standards Institute (ANSI) S12.60 (2002) ``Acoustical Performance Criteria, Design Requirements, and Guidelines for Schools'' as required thresholds of performance. To quantify the benefits of series of structural improvements to buildings having an interior volume of less than 10000 ft3, both the reverberation time and background noise were measured. Interior spaces were unoccupied as per S12.60, but unfurnished. Reverberation times were 0.4-0.6 s. The background noise level was measured to identify the contributions of exterior sources, interior fluorescent lighting, and AC/Fan systems operating with/without a plenum for the return vent. Targets for the stated room volume are 35 dBA and 55 dBC. For the final configuration, interior noise levels with lights, fan, and cooling active were 43 dBA and 67 dBC; interior noise levels due to exterior sources were 33 dBA and 58 dBC due in part to the surrounding industrial land uses and nearby freeway. For one configuration, with the fan active without AC, pressurized air escaping through a 1/4-in. gap beneath the 36-in.-wide door produced a distinct 35 dBA tone in the 630-Hz third-octave band.

  18. Study on risk management for the implementation of energy efficient and renewable technologies in green office buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mosly, I., E-mail: ibrahim.mosly@hotmail.com; Zhang, G., E-mail: kevin.Zhang@rmit.edu.au [RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia). School of Civil, Environmental and Chemical Engineering

    2010-07-01

    Sustainability is becoming an important subject these days in many countries around the world. This is mainly due to increasing governmental and public awareness about reducing the impacts of climate change on our environment. Green buildings are able to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and consumption of natural resources. Reducing either water or energy consumption is achieved in green buildings with the aid of certain types of advanced technologies. This is done in order to help these buildings become more environmentally friendly. Unfortunately, these technologies are relatively new and may present a number of risks during various phases of their lifecycles, affecting different project stakeholders. This paper will focus on the risks of energy efficient and renewable technologies (EERTs), which are mainly implemented in green office buildings. These risks are divided into four categories: heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC), lighting, solar, and wind. It will present a comprehensive review of a number of risks pertaining to the application of EERTs. Furthermore, it will emphasize the need to create a risk management framework for EERTs implemented in green office buildings due to the current lack of research carried out to investigate and treat these potential risks.

  19. Measuring the Actual Energy Cost Performance of Green Buildings: A Test of the Earned Value Management Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luay N. Dwaikat

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Reduced energy consumption is a key aspect of the green building. Nonetheless, research indicates that there is a performance gap between the predicted and the actual energy performance once buildings are occupied, which implies a cost deviation from the anticipated energy cost performance. However, the cost deviation also might result from lower or higher energy rates than expected. As an appropriate research methodology for existing theory testing, case study research strategy was adopted to empirically examine the earned value management (EVM approach to measure the actual life cycle cost performance of energy in green buildings. With slight methodological and terminological adaptations, it is found that the EVM approach can be applied to conduct a holistic cost performance measurement of the actual energy consumption in green buildings. The strength of the earned value approach is that it allows for detecting whether the energy cost saving or overrun results from lower or higher energy consumption, or from actual energy rate variations. The earned value approach allows for quantifying each cost variance independently, which is a significant aspect of actual energy cost performance measurement in green buildings.

  20. Power generation from thermoelectric system-embedded Plexiglas for green building technology

    KAUST Repository

    Inayat, Salman Bin

    2012-06-09

    Thermoelectric materials embedded through or inside exterior glass windows can act as a viable source of supplemental power in geographic locations where hot weather dominates. This thermoelectricity is generated because of the thermal difference between the high temperature outside and the relatively cold temperature inside. Using physical vapor deposition process, we experimentally verify this concept by embedding bismuth telluride and antimony telluride through the 5 mm Plexiglas to demonstrate 10 nW of thermopower generation with a temperature gradient of 21 °C. Albeit tiny at this point with non-optimized design and development, this concept can be extended for relatively large-scale power generation as an additional power supply for green building technology.

  1. Comparative study of air conditioning systems with vapor compression chillers using the concept of green buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutenberg da Silva Pereira

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper sets out to compare two different cooling systems that use vapor compression chillers for air conditioning environments. It was proposed to compare different operations in isolated and combined action operations. These operations are evaluated in the concepts of green buildings. A mathematical model was developed based on the principles of mass and energy conservation and complemented by various functions so as to determine the thermophysical properties and efficiencies of the compressors. The equations of the model were solved by the EES (Engineering Equation Solver program. The model evaluates the influence of the main HVAC operating parameters of the chilled water system when operating under three different configurations. The results showed that the system with a differentiated compression presents a COP equal to that of the system with screw chillers in the range  0-300 RTs, and a COP hat is on average 9% higher in the range 400-800 RTs.

  2. Using Green Building As A Model For Making Health Promotion Standard In The Built Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trowbridge, Matthew J; Worden, Kelly; Pyke, Christopher

    2016-11-01

    The built environment-the constructed physical parts of the places where people live and work-is a powerful determinant of both individual and population health. Awareness of the link between place and health is growing within the public health sector and among built environment decision makers working in design, construction, policy, and both public and private finance. However, these decision makers lack the knowledge, tools, and capacity to ensure that health and well-being are routinely considered across all sectors of the built environment. The green building industry has successfully established environmental sustainability as a normative part of built environment practice, policy making, and investment. We explore the value of this industry's experience as a template for promoting health and well-being in the built environment.

  3. Power generation from thermoelectric system-embedded Plexiglas for green building technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inayat, Salman Bin; Hussain, Muhammad Mustafa

    2013-08-01

    Thermoelectric materials embedded through or inside exterior glass windows can act as a viable source of supplemental power in geographic locations where hot weather dominates. This thermoelectricity is generated because of the thermal difference between the high temperature outside and the relatively cold temperature inside. Using physical vapor deposition process, we experimentally verify this concept by embedding bismuth telluride and antimony telluride through the 5 mm Plexiglas to demonstrate 10 nW of thermopower generation with a temperature gradient of 21 °C. Albeit tiny at this point with non-optimized design and development, this concept can be extended for relatively large-scale power generation as an additional power supply for green building technology.

  4. Large scale rooftop photovoltaics grid connected system at Charoenphol-Rama I green building

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ketjoy, N.; Rakwichian, W. [School of Renewable Energy Technology (SERT) (Thailand); Wongchupan, V. [Panya Consultants Co., Ltd (Thailand); Sankarat, T. [Tesco Lotus, Ek-Chai Distribution System Co., Ltd. (Thailand)

    2004-07-01

    This paper presents a technical feasibility study project for the large scale rooftop photovoltaics (PV) grid connected system at Charoenphol-Rama I green building super store of TESCO LOTUS (TL) in Thailand. The objective of this project is (i) to study the technical feasibility of installation 350 kWp PV systems on the top of the roof in this site (ii) and to determine the energy produce from this system. The technical factors are examined using a computerized PVS 2000 simulation and assessment tool. This super store building located in Bangkok, with latitude 14 N, longitude 100 E and the building direction is 16 from North direction. The building roof area is 14,000 m2; with 3 degree face East and 3 degree face West pitch. Average daily solar energy in this area is approximately 5.0 kWh. The study team for this project consists of educational institution as School of Renewable Energy Technology (SERT) and private institution as Panya Consultants (PC). TL is the project owner, PC is responsible for project management, and SERT is a third party and responsible for PV system study, conceptual design and all technical process. In this feasibility studies SERT will identify the most attractive scenarios of photovoltaic cell technology (mono, poly-crystalline or thin film amorphous), system design concepts for owners (TL) and determine possibility of the energy yield of the system from different module orientation and tilt angle. The result of this study is a guide to help TL to make decision to select proper rooftop PV system option for this store with proper technology view. The economic view will not be considered in this study. (orig.)

  5. The Dutch Green Building Council (DGBC) and the Dutch version of the Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM-NL). International label assesses sustainability of buildings; De DGBC en BREEAM-NL. Internationaal label beoordeelt duurzaamheid gebouwen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Uffelen, S. [Dutch Green Building Council, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2009-06-15

    The development of the DGBC (Dutch Green Building Council) and the first Dutch version of BREEAM-NL (Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method) are described. BREEAM-NL will be used as a label for the assessment of new buildings by completion. Specific versions for district development and for existing buildings are also under construction. [Dutch] Een overzicht wordt gegeven van de ontwikkelingen rondom de DGBC (Dutch Green Building Council) en de eerste, Nederlandse versie van BREEAM-NL (Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method). BREEAM-NL zal worden gebruikt als label voor de beoordeling van nieuwe gebouwen bij oplevering. Er wordt tevens gewerkt aan een versie voor gebiedsontwikkeling en voor bestaande bouw.

  6. The Relationship between the Green Building Design and Green Energy-saving Building%绿色建筑设计与绿色节能建筑的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵雅楠

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid development of the construction in- dustry, resource consumption is higher and higher, but reso- urces are limited. To effectively save energy, and to reduce the energy consumption of buildings, it is necessary to improve the design level of green building, to achieve the sustainable development of green building. This paper expounds the rel- ation between the green building and green energy-saving bu- ilding.%随着建筑行业的飞快发展,资源的消耗与利用率越来越高,但资源是有限的。想要有效地节约能源、降低建筑物的能耗,就要提高绿色建筑的设计水平,实现绿色建筑的可持续发展。文章阐述了绿色建筑设计与绿色节能建筑的关系。

  7. Integrated Green Roofs System and its Role of Achieving Sustainability in Residential Buildings in Urban Area in Athens, Greece and Famagusta, North Cyprus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mehran shahidipour

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the characteristics and importance of the green roof in urban area would investigate in some residential buildings in Athens, Greece and then, some strategies give to integrate green roof in residential buildings in Famagusta, north Cyprus due to the importance of energy saving and thermal comfort in residential buildings. These days, sustainable architecture is spreading around the world. Therefore, Sustainable architecture has important role in design buildings and urban design due to high amount of energy use and global warming around the world. There are different methods in sustainable design and one of them that has significant role is design green roof. Green roof integrated to the roof of the buildings to provide the suitable indoor temperature without spending high amount of budget. The methodology is qualitative type that trough the literature review and survey would be understood the importance and role of the green roof in both architecture and urban area. There are many significant architects like Wright that they understood how greenery would improve the function of the building in terms of provide thermal comfort and indoor temperature for the residences, and green roof as well. In Famagusta, there is not any green roof however, the design and integrating of green roof is inexpensive. Green roof should design properly depend on the characteristic of the climate of every place so, the location, temperature, and humidity, location, and wind have influence on the design of the green roof.

  8. Indoor air quality in green buildings: A case-study in a residential high-rise building in the northeastern United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Youyou; Krogmann, Uta; Mainelis, Gediminas; Rodenburg, Lisa A; Andrews, Clinton J

    2015-01-01

    Improved indoor air quality (IAQ) is one of the critical components of green building design. Green building tax credit (e.g., New York State Green Building Tax Credit (GBTC)) and certification programs (e.g., Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED)) require indoor air quality measures and compliance with allowable maximum concentrations of common indoor air pollutants. It is not yet entirely clear whether compliance with these programs results in improved IAQ and ultimately human health. As a case in point, annual indoor air quality measurements were conducted in a residential green high-rise building for five consecutive years by an industrial hygiene contractor to comply with the building's GBTC requirements. The implementation of green design measures resulted in better IAQ compared to data in references of conventional homes for some parameters, but could not be confirmed for others. Relative humidity and carbon dioxide were satisfactory according to existing standards. Formaldehyde levels during four out of five years were below the most recent proposed exposure limits found in the literature. To some degree, particulate matter (PM) levels were lower than that in studies from conventional residential buildings. Concentrations of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) with known permissible exposure limits were below levels known to cause chronic health effects, but their concentrations were inconclusive regarding cancer health effects due to relatively high detection limits. Although measured indoor air parameters met all IAQ maximum allowable concentrations in GBTC and applicable LEED requirements at the time of sampling, we argue that these measurements were not sufficient to assess IAQ comprehensively because more sensitive sampling/analytical methods for PM and VOCs are needed; in addition, there is a need for a formal process to ensure rigor and adequacy of sampling and analysis methods. Also, we suggest that a comprehensive IAQ assessment should

  9. BOOK REVIEW TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND HIGH POSSIBILITY CLASSROOMS: BUILDING FROM TPACK

    OpenAIRE

    Nejdet KARADAG

    2016-01-01

    This book consists of 8 chapters, appeals teachers who want to understand technology integration to education and how it looks like in action in classrooms. High Possibility Classrooms (HPC) models are examined by case studies in different educational settings.

  10. Design and performance of a solar-powered air-conditioning system in a green building

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhai, X.Q.; Wang, R.Z.; Wu, J.Y.; Dai, Y.J.; Ma, Q. [Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030 (China)

    2008-05-15

    A solar-powered adsorption air-conditioning system was designed and installed in the green building of Shanghai Research Institute of Building Science. The system contained 150 m{sup 2} solar collectors and two adsorption chillers with nominal refrigeration capacity of 8.5 kW. Based on performance characteristics of the adsorption chiller, the operation mode of the solar-powered air-conditioning system was optimized by maintaining a phase shift of 540 s between the two adsorption chillers. Thereafter, the whole system realized stable operation by the balance of heat consumption and refrigeration output. From June to August of 2005, the solar-powered air-conditioning system continuously ran between 9:00 and 17:00. The operation performance of the system under representative working condition showed that the average refrigeration output of the solar-powered air-conditioning system was 15.3 kW during an 8 h operation and the maximum value exceeded 20 kW. Solar fraction for the system in summer was 71.7%, which corresponded to the designed cooling load (15 kW). Compared with the ambient temperature, it was deduced that solar radiant intensity had a more distinct influence on the performance of solar-powered air-conditioning system. (author)

  11. Performance analysis on a hybrid air-conditioning system of a green building

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, Q.; Wang, R.Z.; Dai, Y.J.; Zhai, X.Q. [Shanghai Jiao Tong University (China). School of Mechanical Engineering

    2006-05-15

    This paper presents the performance analysis on a hybrid air-conditioning system according to the hybrid building energy system of the green building demonstration project in Shanghai, in which a 150 m{sup 2} solar collector is used to power two 10 kW adsorption chillers, a vapor compression heat pump is used to cool air in the evaporating end while the condensing heating at about 80{sup o}C is fully used to regenerate a liquid desiccant dehumidification system. In the hybrid system, the sensible cooling to the air is treated mainly by solar adsorption cooling and vapor compression cooling, whereas the latent heat is treated by the liquid desiccant dehumidification system with regeneration from the condensing heat of the heat pump. The results show that the performance of this system is 44.5% higher than conventional vapor compression system at a latent load of 30% and this improving can be achieved by 73.8% at a 42% latent load. The optimal ratio of adsorption refrigerating power to total cooling load for this kind of hybrid systems is also studied in this paper. (author)

  12. Design and performance of the solar-powered floor heating system in a green building

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhai, X.Q.; Wang, R.Z. [Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); Yang, J.R. [Shanghai Research Institute of Building Science, Shanghai 200031 (China)

    2009-07-15

    In the green building of Shanghai Research Institute of Building Science, the evacuated tubular solar collectors with a total area of 150 m{sup 2} were installed to provide heating for the covered area of 460 m{sup 2}. The floor heating coil pipes were made of high-quality pure copper with the dimension of {phi} 12 x 0.7 mm. Under typical weather condition of Shanghai, the average heating capacity was 25.04 kW during the working hours from 9:00 to 17:00, which was sufficient to keep indoor thermal environment. The average electric COP of the floor heating system was 19.76 during the system operation. Compared with the widely used air-source heat pump heating systems with the electric COP of 3.5 in Shanghai, the solar-powered floor heating system shows great potential in energy conservation in winter. With respect to the whole heating period, the solar fraction was 56%. According to the performance analysis of the system with ambient parameters, it was observed that the system performance could be greatly enhanced with the increase of daily solar insolation. However, the system performance varied slightly with average ambient temperature. Compared with average ambient temperature, daily solar insolation had a more distinct influence on the performance of the solar-powered floor heating system. (author)

  13. 78 FR 8145 - Sequence 24 Findings of the EISA 436(h) Ad-Hoc Review Group on Green Building Certification Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ... completed its most recent evaluation of green building certification systems in May 2012 focusing on... role that green building certification systems currently play within Federal portfolios and in... estate portfolio holders, including GSA, the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy,...

  14. 绿色建筑的经济性评价内容研究%Research on Economic Evaluation of Green Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申琪玉

    2014-01-01

    Economic evaluation is an important content of green building assessment. This paper summarizes the research status of green building economy and determines the main contents of economic evaluation of green building, namely: the life cycle costs of green buildings, the life cycle benefit evaluation index system of green building and the economic evaluation index system of green building. This research can provide theoretical support for the economic development of green building and better promote the development of green building.%绿色建筑评价的重要环节之一是经济性评价。首先,本文总结了绿色建筑经济性的国内外研究趋势,又从绿色建筑的全过程成本、绿色建筑效益评价指标及绿色建筑经济评价指标三个方面,详细阐述了绿色建筑经济性评价的内容。该研究可以为绿色建筑的经济性分析提供理论支持,可以更好地推进绿色建筑的发展。

  15. 绿色办公建筑的探索%The Exploration of the Green Office Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒丹

    2013-01-01

    In the green office building design, in order to bea-utify the building green landscape, do layers of greening, imp-rove the environment quality of the building and the work eff-iciency, the design principles of“Inner Courtyard Type”of ar-chitectural composition and the“Garden Type”of environme-ntal landscape must be fol owed. This article mainly describes the green design of an office building.%在绿色办公建筑设计中,为美化建筑绿化景观,做到层层有绿化、提升建筑环境质量、提高工作效率,在设计中应遵循建筑布局“内庭式”、环境景观“花园式”的设计原则。本文主要阐述了某办公建筑的绿色设计。

  16. LEED - The green building rating system; Gruen ist nicht gleich Gruen - Einblicke in das LEED-Zertifizierungssystem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baumann, Oliver; Reiser, Claudius; Schaefer, Jochen [Gesellschafter Ebert-Consulting Group, Nuernberg (Germany)

    2009-04-15

    Buildings in the USA are commonly not perceived as energy efficient and sustainable. Considering this, it comes as a surprise that the LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification system is leading the process to certify ''Green Buildings'' despite the broad range of certification systems in countries such as BREEAM in England, CASBEE in Japan, HQE in France, Green Star in Australia, and most recently DGNB in Germany. International companies are pursuing the LEED certification due to its worldwide applicability - over 20,000 buildings in 76 countries are currently registered. (Abstract Copyright [2009], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.) [German] Die USA sind nicht gerade fuer oekologisches und energieeffizientes Bauen bekannt. Umso erstaunlicher ist es, dass das LEED-Zertifizierungssystem (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) neben anderen landesspezifischen Systemen wie z. B. BREEAM in England, CASBEE in Japan, HQE in Frankreich, Green Star in Australien und jetzt auch DGNB in Deutschland, eine Vorreiterrolle bei der Zertifizierung von ''Green Buildings'' eingenommen hat. Fuer international agierende Unternehmen geht zur Zeit kein Weg an LEED vorbei, da dieses System weltweit Anwendung findet - es sind derzeit bereits ueber 20.000 Gebaeude in 76 Laendern fuer eine LEED-Zertifizierung angemeldet. (Abstract Copyright [2009], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  17. Analysis of China's Green Building Future Development%浅析我国绿色建筑未来发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    区碧光

    2014-01-01

    This paper briefly analyzes the development sit-uation of green building in China through literature research methods. On the basis of using for referencing the abroad succ-essful development experience in green building , bases on the present situation ,combines with the 12th five-year-plan related requirements of green buildings special plans ,this paper also puts forward some suggestions for the future development of green building in China.%本文通过文献研究的方法,对我国绿色建筑的发展现状做了简要地分析。在借鉴国外绿色建筑的发展经验的基础上,根据我国实际情况以及结合国家“十二五”绿色建筑专项规划的相关要求,归纳总结出了我国绿色建筑未来发展的几点建议。

  18. Modeling the green building (GB) investment decisions of developers and end-users with transaction costs (TCs) considerations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Qian, Q.K.; Chan, E.H.W.; Visscher , H.J.; Lehmann, S.

    2015-01-01

    The paper, through a “regenerative” lens, has focused upon a new conceptual game system involving transaction costs (TCs) for creating a more accessible green buildings (GB) market. Individual stakeholders steadfastly guard their own interests in any investment decision, which seldom considers any p

  19. BIM 技术在绿色建筑中的应用%Application of BIM technology in green building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄锦涛

    2015-01-01

    Based on the development status of green BIM,the application of BIM technology in the entire building life cycle is analysed,and the prospect and key points of domestic green BIM’s development are discussed,point out combining BIM technology and green building together have become the inevitable trend of China’s construction industry.%通过比对国内外绿色BIM的发展现状,分析BIM技术在建筑全生命周期的应用可能,探讨了国内绿色BIM的发展前景和注意要点,指出将BIM技术与绿色建筑相结合是中国建筑业发展的必然趋势。

  20. Climate Change Mitigation through Energy Benchmarking in the GCC Green Buildings Codes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yousef Alhorr

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC of countries resides at or close to the top of the global table of CO2 emissions per capita and its economy relies heavily on its fossil fuels. This provides a context for green building programs that initially aim to create an understanding of emission pathways within the GCC and hence develop approaches to their reduction in the built environment. A set of criteria will allow specific analysis to be undertaken linked to the spatial dimensions of the sector under study. In this paper, approaches to modelling energy consumption and CO2 emissions are presented. As investment in the built environment continues, natural resources dwindle and the cost of energy increases, delivering low-energy buildings will become mandatory. In this study, a hybrid modelling approach (bottom-top & top-bottom is presented. Energy benchmarks are developed for different buildings’ uses and compared with international standards. The main goals are to establish design benchmarks and develop a modelling tool that contains specific information for all buildings types (existing and new, as well as planned and projected growths within the various city districts, then integrate this database within a geospatial information system that will allow us to answer a range of “what-if”-type questions about various intervention strategies, emissions savings, and acceptability of pre-defined course of actions in the city sector under consideration. The spatial carbon intensity may be adjusted over a certain period, (e.g., through local generation (microgeneration or due to an increasing proportion of lower carbon-energy in the generation mix and this can be related to the sector and city overall consumption.

  1. Research on Assessment Label of Green Building Materials in China%我国绿色建材评价标识问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路晓亮; 王建廷

    2016-01-01

    从绿色建材的定义和性质出发,探讨了绿色建材评价标准的目标和任务,尝试构建了绿色建材评价指标体系和标识方法,以期为国家《绿色建材评价标准》的编制提供思路,促进绿色建材产业快速健康发展。%From the definition and properties of green building materials,this paper discusses the target and task of the assessment standard of green building materials,and tries to construct a green building assessment index system and label method with the intention to provide some suggestions for the compilation of Green Building Material Assessment Standard and to promote the rapid and healthy development of green building material industry.

  2. 对绿色建筑在实践中应用的初探%Discussion on the application of green building in practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜萧翔

    2014-01-01

    介绍了绿色建筑的概念,对我国绿色建筑发展的现状进行了分析,总结了绿色建筑认证中相对可行、适用、具体的绿色建筑技术,指出大力发展绿色建筑是建设低碳、生态城市的必要途径。%This paper introduced the concept of green building,analyzed the development current situation of green building in China,summa-rized the relatively feasible,applicable,specific green building technology in green building certification,pointed out that the development of green building was the necessary way to the construction of low carbon,ecological city.

  3. On design points for green buildings in architectural design%建筑设计中绿色建筑设计要点研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旭红

    2016-01-01

    The paper analyzes the connotation of the design ideas for the green buildings,indicates the importance of the green buildings,illus-trates the contents for the green building design from the resource-saving,functions of green buildings,and optimal environment,and points out the design points for the green buildings,so as to provide the livable environment for residents.%分析了绿色建筑设计理念的内涵,论述了绿色建筑设计的重要性,从节约资源、绿色建筑功能、优化环境等方面,阐述了绿色建筑设计的内容,并提出了绿色建筑的设计要点,旨在为人们提供更加优质的居住环境。

  4. 浅谈绿色建筑现状及对策建议%On the Current Situation of Green Building and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盘钦卿; 陈健

    2015-01-01

    在可持续发展的前提下,绿色建筑已经成为建设项目的发展趋势。为了更好地建设绿色建筑,本文分析绿色建筑的现状及前景,提出绿色建筑发展的对策建议,为绿色建筑的建设发展提供科学的参考依据。%On the premise of sustainable development, green building has become the development trend of the construction project. In order to better the construction of green building, this article analyzes the present situation and prospect of green building, puts forward countermeasures and suggestions for the development of green building, to provide scientific reference for the construction development of green building.

  5. Environmental effects and energy efficiency in building design - a green building approach. Pt. 2. Basic data for environmental effects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Egle, C.; Pitts, G.C.

    1993-12-31

    A research report presents the basic data required when designing a building with minimal environmental impacts. Topics covered include the energy consumption of building elements during their lifetime, the environmental implications linked to the extraction and processing of building material and the energy consumed in buildings by the occupants. (UK)

  6. The Influence of Clients’ Qualities on Green Design Performance of Building Projects in Malaysia-Descriptive Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed S. Elforgani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In the construction industry, success of building projects greatly depends on the client’s performance. The performance of clients is crucial since decisions made will influence the overall project performance. Typically, clients are represented by managerial and technical representatives during the design process. They play major roles in conveying required information to the design team regarding their future project. The quality of clients’ representatives has potential influence on design team performance. In designing green buildings client’s attributes are critical factors to high performance of building projects. Attributes such as knowledge and experience on green buildings, commitment level to green and clients’ ability to participate and manage design process are the key factors to produce green design. The propose of this study to identify current performance level of clients of building projects and establish key clients’ attributes influencing green design performance. Approach: To achieve mentioned aim a questionnaire survey was conducted to collect dada required. A sample of 274 respondents has been covered under the study, including architects and engineers practicing design and consultancy building sectors. Prior to analysis of data WINSTEPS software were used for Rasch modeling to determine validity and reliability of date. Descriptive analysis data includes quantitative and qualitative. Results and Conclusion: Client qualities in general were low, client communication with design team; client involvement and ability to coordinate design process were moderate. However, Knowledge and experience on green design, client organization commitment to green and commitment in financing green design were low. The result indicates that most building clients have inadequate knowledge to manage design green buildings. Therefore, more education and training courses on green building are needed to

  7. From TeachLivE™ to the Classroom: Building Preservice Special Educators’ Proficiency with Essential Teaching Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Dawson, Melanie Rees

    2016-01-01

    Preservice special education teachers need to develop essential teaching skills to competently address student academics and behavior in the classroom. TeachLivETM is a sophisticated virtual simulation that has recently emerged in teacher preparation programs to supplement traditional didactic instruction and field experiences. Teacher educators can engineer scenarios in TeachLivETM to cumulatively build in complexity, allowing preservice teachers to incrementally interleave target skills in ...

  8. 基于并行设计的绿色建筑设计方法研究%Research on Green Building Design Method Based on Concurrent Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王施泽

    2014-01-01

    1960s, American architect Paul · Suole proposed a new concept of green building. Green building is the product of modern society, and represents the direction of the building development in the new century. However, people strengthen the specific green building design technology to achieve green building in the long time, the building design process did not become the focus of green building design, the lag of process studies block the realization of multidisciplinary integrated green building design. In this paper, we research the concurrent design for green building design process from the design principle of green building, so as to provide methods to guide the practice of green building.%20世纪60年代,美国建筑师保罗·索勒瑞提出了绿色建筑的新理念。绿色建筑是现代社会的发展产物,代表了新世纪建筑发展的方向。但是国内人们长期以加强具体的绿色建筑设计技术应用来实现绿色建筑,过程设计没有成为绿色建筑设计的研究重点,过程研究的滞后阻碍了绿色建筑多学科整合设计的实现。本文从绿色建筑的设计原理出发,对于并行设计用于绿色建筑设计过程进行研究,从而为绿色建筑实践提供方法指导。

  9. An overview of setting up the assessment system of green building materials%绿色建材评价体系构建概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯文虎; 赵静

    2015-01-01

    绿色建材已成为建材行业发展的主题,当前迫切需要建立起一套内容科学、形式简单的绿色建材评价体系,以推广绿色建材在我国的应用与发展。本文简述了绿色建材概念及其特性,指出了绿色建材评价体系建立的必要性,对绿色建材评价体系涉及的内容、评价方法、评价流程进行了探讨,对绿色建材评价体系的构建提出建议。%Green building materials have became the topic of the development of building materials industry. In order to promoting the application and development of green building materials in our country, it is need to set up an assessment system of green building materials at present scientifically and simply. In this paper the conception and characteristic of green building materials and the importance of setting up an assessment system of green building materials are elaborated.The content、assessment method and procedure of green building materials are discussed.In addition,the paper also gives some suggestions of setting up the assessment system of green building materials.

  10. Untapped Fossil Fuel and the Green Paradox: A classroom calibration of the optimal carbon tax

    OpenAIRE

    Rick van der Ploeg

    2013-01-01

    A classroom model of global warming, fossil fuel depletion and the optimal carbon tax is formulated and calibrated. It features iso-elastic fossil fuel demand, stock-dependent fossil fuel extraction costs, an exogenous interest rate and no decay of the atmospheric stock of carbon. The optimal carbon tax reduces emissions from burning fossil fuel, both in the short and medium run. Furthermore, it brings forward the date that renewables take over from fossil fuel and encourages the market to ke...

  11. STEM Beyond The Classroom: Creating Authentic Outreach Programs That Build Bridges Between The Classroom And Real World Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibarra, D. L.; Forder, S. E.; Pritchard, M.

    2014-12-01

    The ISF Academy was founded by Charles Kao, a Nobel Prize laureate. In 2011, the Shuyuan programs were established at The ISF Academy to operate both as a "school within a school" and as a "school outside the classroom." The Shuyuan programs work together with the IBO Science and Technology subject areas to develop comprehensive and challenging opportunities that address the 14 Grand Engineering Challenges. The goal is to establish co-curricular programs that go beyond the taught curriculum and support STEM curricula. Several programs outside of the classroom include an onsite robotics researcher, underwater and land based robotics programs, field trips, whole school food waste composting and the implementation of an energy tracking system. Relationships with several local universities allow students to work closely with professors in research settings and, annually, a leading researcher gives a keynote speech to our students. Other signature Shuyuan programs have developed international strategic relationships with the NRI at Cambridge University, where students spend several weeks studying science and civilization in China using primary source materials. Additionally, Shuyuan has supported extension opportunities for classroom teachers with institutional partnerships that include the British Council, governmental organizations, local universities, corporations, and NGOs. In conclusion, the overall goal of the Shuyuan Programs is to provide experiential learning opportunities that challenge conventional curriculum design in a manner that is supportive and innovative!

  12. Measuring site-level success in brownfield redevelopments: a focus on sustainability and green building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wedding, G Christopher; Crawford-Brown, Douglas

    2007-10-01

    This research has met the following four objectives within the broader research topic of characterizing and quantifying success in brownfield revitalization: (1) to define 40 total indicators that define and determine the success of brownfield redevelopments in four categories: environment-health, finance, livability, and social-economic; (2) to use these indicators to develop a partially automated tool that stakeholders in brownfield redevelopment may use to more easily assess and communicate success (or failures) in these projects; (3) to integrate "green" building as an important aspect of successful brownfield redevelopments; and (4) to develop this tool within the framework of a specific multi-attribute decision method (MADM), the analytical hierarchical process (AHP). Future research should include the operationalization and application of this tool to specific sites. Currently, no such indicator framework or automated tool is known to exist or be in use. Indicators were chosen because of their ability to reduce data into comprehensible measurements and to systematically measure success in a standardized fashion. Appropriate indicators were selected based on (1) interviews with prominent private developers and national leaders in brownfield redevelopment, (2) a review of the relevant literature, (3) objective hierarchies created in this project, and (4) the ability for each indicator to serve goals in more than one of the four categories described above. These were combined to form the Sustainable Brownfields Redevelopment (SBR) Tool. A survey was conducted to serve as a preliminary assessment and proposed methodology for judging the validity of the SBR Tool. Professionals in the academic, private, and public sector were asked to provide an evaluation of the management tool and a weighting of the relative importance of each indicator and each of the four categories listed previously. Experts rated the tool at 7.68 out of 10 suggesting that this framework will

  13. The Energy Impact in Buildings of Vegetative Solutions for Extensive Green Roofs in Temperate Climates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedetta Barozzi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Many bibliographical studies have highlighted the positive effects of green roofs as technological solutions both for new and renovated buildings. The one-year experimental monitoring campaign conducted has investigated, in detail, some aspects related to the surface temperature variation induced by the presence of different types of vegetation compared to traditional finishing systems for flat roofs and their impact from an energy and environmental point of view. The results obtained underlined how an appropriate vegetative solution selection can contribute to a significant reduction of the external surface temperatures (10 °C–20 °C for I > 500 W/m2 and 0 °C–5 °C for I < 500 W/m2, regardless of the season compared to traditional flat roofs. During the winter season, the thermal gradients of the planted surface temperatures are close to zero compared to the floor, except under special improving conditions. This entails a significant reduction of the energy loads from summer air conditioning, and an almost conservative behavior with respect to that from winter heating consumption. The analysis of the inside growing medium temperatures returned a further interesting datum, too: the temperature gradient with respect to surface temperature (annual average 4 °C–9 °C is a function of solar radiation and involves the insulating contribution of the soil.

  14. Distributed Power Control Network and Green Building Test-Bed for Demand Response in Smart Grid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakaguchi, Kei; Nguyen, Van Ky; Tao, Yu; Tran, Gia Khanh; Araki, Kiyomichi

    It is known that demand and supply power balancing is an essential method to operate power delivery system and prevent blackouts caused by power shortage. In this paper, we focus on the implementation of demand response strategy to save power during peak hours by using Smart Grid. It is obviously impractical with centralized power control network to realize the real-time control performance, where a single central controller measures the huge metering data and sends control command back to all customers. For that purpose, we propose a new architecture of hierarchical distributed power control network which is scalable regardless of the network size. The sub-controllers are introduced to partition the large system into smaller distributed clusters where low-latency local feedback power control loops are conducted to guarantee control stability. Furthermore, sub-controllers are stacked up in an hierarchical manner such that data are fed back layer-by-layer in the inbound while in the outbound control responses are decentralized in each local sub-controller for realizing the global objectives. Numerical simulations in a realistic scenario of up to 5000 consumers show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme to achieve a desired 10% peak power saving by using off-the-shelf wireless devices with IEEE802.15.4g standard. In addition, a small scale power control system for green building test-bed is implemented to demonstrate the potential use of the proposed scheme for power saving in real life.

  15. 创设情景教学 构建高效课堂%The Creation of Scenarios to Build Effective Classroom Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽萍

    2011-01-01

    结合新课程的教育理念,以"三维"教学目标构建课堂教学,激发学生学习历史的兴趣,营造开放式的学习环境,创设课堂情景教学模式,构建高效课堂。%Combined with the new curriculum philosophy of education,to "D" building classroom teaching objectives, stimulate students interest in studying history, to create an open learning environment,the creation of classroom teaching situations, build effective classroom.

  16. Application of Digital Logic Based on the Concept of Green Building--Taking Xuzhou Fenghua Garden Residential Planning as an Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, J. H.; Zhu, D. D.

    Because the low carbon and sustainable development becomes more and more important in Chinese even in all over the world, author sorted out the logic of green building technology with the logic of digital technology by generalizing the development and type of modern green building technology. As the specific experiment object, Xuzhou Fenghua garden residential district was planned and designed though green digital design means. The reasonable general plan was designed scientifically and efficiently though the immediate colorful chill sunshine time map and repeated adjusted design. The above is to prove the efficiency and possibility of green digital design and bring inspiration to a deeper level of advanced algorithm.

  17. Jinan City Building Design Practitioners Awareness of Green Building Concept Investigation and Research%济南市建筑设计从业人员绿色建筑理念认知程度调查与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔秋硕; 刘艺; 孙冲; 胡克杰

    2013-01-01

    The comprehensive analysis and evaluation were carried out about the cognitive degree of green building concept among architectural design practitioners in Jinan .They were from four aspects -practition-ers'knowledge about green building concept ,the understanding about green building files at different levels , the understanding about the green building evaluation standards at different levels ,their experience in green building design practice and its effects .Meanwhile ,suggestions and countermeasures were put forward in or-der to improve the accomplishment about green building of these design practitioners and contribute to the development of green building .%  从是否把握绿色建筑概念、对不同层次有关绿色建筑文件的了解程度和绿色建筑评价标准的认识程度以及绿色建筑项目的设计实践经历及其影响等4个方面,对山东省济南市建筑设计从业人员绿色建筑理念的认知程度进行了调查分析,提出了提高建筑设计人员绿色建筑素养、推进绿色建筑体系发展的对策建议。

  18. Standards Serve the Olympics:Building a "Green Olympics"——Forum on Green Olympics and Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ On June 26th a forum entitled Green Olympics and Sustainable Development was hosted by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO); Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China (SAC);Science and Technology Committee for the Games of the ⅩⅩⅨ Olympiad; General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the PRC (AQSIQ); State Environmental Protection Administration of China; China Meteorological Administration;and the Certification and Accreditation Administration of the PRC at Beijing International Conference Hall.

  19. A Meta-Analysis of Classroom-Wide Interventions to Build Social Skills: Do They Work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    January, Alicia M.; Casey, Rita J.; Paulson, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Outcomes of 28 peer-reviewed journal articles published between 1981 and 2007 were evaluated quantitatively to assess the effectiveness of classroom-wide interventions for the improvement of social skills. All interventions included in the study were implemented with intact classrooms that included both socially competent children and those with…

  20. BPS, energy efficiency and renewable energy sources for buildings greening and zero energy cities planning harmony and ethics of sustainability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Todorovic, Marija S. [University of Belgrade, Serbia and Southeast University (China)

    2011-07-01

    Traditional village houses now use renewable materials and energy sources and this paper presents the intrinsic harmony of these buildings' greening and their sustainability. The paper covers building technical systems, sustainable energy supply, and the importance of renewable raw materials (RMS) for sustainable development. This study investigated the role of building dynamic behavior and optimized energy efficiency in reducing thermal loads significantly. A preliminary design for sustainable energy efficient settlements with net zero energy buildings is proposed and a comprehensive multidisciplinary engineering study was done which identified the technical feasibility of sustainable village energy and water supplies using solar or wind technologies. Overall, through analysis of sustainability definitions and possible ways to achieve sustainability, the study demonstrated that this can only be brought about by interdisciplinary interaction and finding the right balance between materiality and spirituality, science and art, and between technological development and concern for cultural and other human values.

  1. 绿色建筑的特点研究与发展建议%Characteristic research and development suggestions of green buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建楠; 赵怀明

    2012-01-01

    The paper introduces contemporary environmental and resource conditions,analyzes characteristics of green buildings,puts forward suggestions of developing green building,and points out the significance of carefully studying conditions of realizing green buildings for achieving sustainable development.%介绍了当前面临的环境和资源的形势,分析了绿色建筑的特点,并提出发展绿色建筑的建议,指出认真研究实现绿色建筑的条件与实践,实现可持续发展,具有重要意义。

  2. Green Kidz

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Porto, Melina; Daryai-Hansen, Petra; Arcuri, Maria Emilia;

    2016-01-01

    Projektet "Green Kidz. Intercultural environmental citizenship in the English language classroom in Argentina and Denmark" er en del af et internationalt udviklingsprojekt, der er ledet af Michael Byram, Durham University. Projektet belyser, hvordan interkulturelt medborgerskab kan styrkes i...

  3. Implementation of the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEEDS (trademark) as the Army’s Green Building Rating System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    fixtures such as composting toilet systems and non-water using urinals to reduce wastewater volumes. Consider reusing stormwater or greywater for sew...water using urinals, and occupant sensors to reduce the potable water demand. Consider reuse of stormwa- ter and greywater for non-potable applications...Building Reuse , Maintain 75% of Existing Walls, Floors & Roof N Credit 2 Development Density & Community Connectivity 1 Credit 1.2 Building Reuse

  4. The Role of the International Code Council in the U.S. Building Regukation System and Green Building Contruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Walls

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper will address the components of the International Code Council (ICC as one of the most important organizations in terms of developing the model building codes for the US: the international codes. This membership-driven organization has the task of providing the building industry and all its stakeholders with the necessary regulatory documents, training, certification, plan check, product evaluation, and accreditation services to achieve safer and more sustainable building construction. This article provides an overview of the building codes in the U.S., the ICC and its subsidiaries, and ICC’s systems designed to support the codes and the regulatory industry.

  5. Energy Performance Certification and Green Building : A comparison between the environmental effect and the discharge of carbon dioxide

    OpenAIRE

    Oraha Wardi, Reta

    2009-01-01

    The major climatic problem has been worsening extremely rapidly over the last decades and if no measures are taken soon, we will experience severe consequences over the years to come. It is therefore imperative to take instant actions to slow down the climatic changes that are also causing crucial health problems in different parts of the planet. The basis of this thesis is that both Energy Performance Certification (EPC), and Green Building (GB) aim to reduce carbon dioxide emission within t...

  6. Green roof adoption in atlanta, georgia: the effects of building characteristics and subsidies on net private, public, and social benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullen, Jeffrey D; Lamsal, Madhur; Colson, Greg

    2013-10-01

    This research draws on and expands previous studies that have quantified the costs and benefits associated with conventional roofs versus green roofs. Using parameters from those studies to define alternative scenarios, we estimate from a private, public, and social perspective the costs and benefits of installing and maintaining an extensive green roof in Atlanta, GA. Results indicate net private benefits are a decreasing function of roof size and vary considerably across scenarios. In contrast, net public benefits are highly stable across scenarios, ranging from $32.49 to $32.90 m(-2). In addition, we evaluate two alternative subsidy regimes: (i) a general subsidy provided to every building that adopts a green roof and (ii) a targeted subsidy provided only to buildings for which net private benefits are negative but net public benefits are positive. In 6 of the 12 general subsidy scenarios the optimal public policy is not to offer a subsidy; in 5 scenarios the optimal subsidy rate is between $20 and $27 m(-2); and in 1 scenario the optimal rate is $5 m(-2). The optimal rate with a targeted subsidy is between $20 and $27 m(-2) in 11 scenarios and no subsidy is optimal in the twelfth. In most scenarios, a significant portion of net public benefits are generated by buildings for which net private benefits are positive. This suggests a policy focused on information dissemination and technical assistance may be more cost-effective than direct subsidy payments.

  7. Multifunctional BIPV Systems of“GREEN YES” Building%“GREEN YES”光伏建筑一体化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚莉; 李进; 罗多; 林笑兰; 余国保; 邓鑫

    2015-01-01

    珠海兴业太阳能“GREEN YES”办公楼以建筑遮阳设计为切入点,结合建筑的通风及采光进行多样化的光伏建筑一体化设计,采用了包括建筑立面的季节控制通风光伏遮阳系统、屋顶立面的光伏双玻百叶女儿墙、屋顶平面上的园林式光伏屋面遮阳系统、四楼平台整体升降垂直通风光伏采光顶及裙楼层点式光伏雨篷等五个光伏建筑一体化系统,预计年发电量达153532 kW·h。%Zhuhai Singyes R&D building which is named as “GREEN YES” is designed with a multifunctional BIPV system. The destination of design for the system is to make the PV work both for power generating and building components. Those components contain functions like shading, ventilation and daylighting. There are five different types of BIPV components in this building including seasonally-adjusted BIPV shading and ventilating curtain wall on fa?ade, BIPV louver on parapet, PV roof canopy with landscaping, automatic integrated vertically-lifting BIPV skylight(for natural ventilation of the big hall), double-skin point-supported PV canopy etc. The annual energy production of this building can reach 153 532 kW·h.

  8. From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster, EERE (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-10-01

    Fact sheet offering practical information about building energy efficient buildings and using renewable energy. Includes a checklist and resources. Highlights successful projects in Greensburg, Kansas.

  9. green

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Grigoryeva

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The “green” topic follows the “youngsters”, which is quite natural for the Russian language.Traditionally these words put together sound slightly derogatory. However, “green” also means fresh, new and healthy.For Russia, and for Siberia in particular, “green” architecture does sound new and fresh. Forced by the anxious reality, we are addressing this topic intentionally. The ecological crisis, growing energy prices, water, air and food deficits… Alexander Rappaport, our regular author, writes: “ It has been tolerable until a certain time, but under transition to the global civilization, as the nature is destroyed, and swellings of megapolises expand incredibly fast, the size and the significance of all these problems may grow a hundredfold”.However, for this very severe Siberian reality the newness of “green” architecture may turn out to be well-forgotten old. A traditional Siberian house used to be built on principles of saving and environmental friendliness– one could not survive in Siberia otherwise.Probably, in our turbulent times, it is high time to fasten “green belts”. But we should keep from enthusiastic sticking of popular green labels or repainting of signboards into green color. We should avoid being drowned in paper formalities under “green” slogans. And we should prevent the Earth from turning into the planet “Kin-dza-dza”.

  10. 探讨高效节能的绿色建筑设计%Discuss the Green Building Design of High Efficiency and Energy Saving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐海

    2014-01-01

    随着能源危机的日益严重,保护能源迫在眉捷。绿色节能建筑是通过环境与建筑体系之间的关系,使建筑体系减小对环境的破坏。本文对绿色建筑设计进行了探讨,为能够设计出更多高效节能的绿色建筑提供了参考。%With the increasingly serious energy crisis, the en-ergy protection is eyebrow nimble. Green energy-saving build-ings are making the building system reduce the damage to the environment through the relationship between the environment and building system. This article discusses the green building design to provide reference for design a more efficient ener-gy-saving green building.

  11. Evaluation of three common green building materials for ozone removal, and primary and secondary emissions of aldehydes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gall, Elliott; Darling, Erin; Siegel, Jeffrey A.; Morrison, Glenn C.; Corsi, Richard L.

    2013-10-01

    Ozone reactions that occur on material surfaces can lead to elevated concentrations of oxidized products in the occupied space of buildings. However, there is little information on the impact of materials at full scale, especially for green building materials. Experiments were completed in a 68 m3 climate-controlled test chamber with three certified green building materials that can cover large areas in buildings: (1) recycled carpet, (2) perlite-based ceiling tile and (3) low-VOC paint and primer on recycled drywall. Ozone deposition velocity and primary and secondary emission rates of C1 to C10 saturated carbonyls were determined for two chamber mixing conditions and three values of relative humidity. A direct comparison was made between ozone deposition velocities and carbonyl yields observed for the same materials analyzed in small (10 L) chambers. Total primary carbonyl emission rates from carpet, ceiling tile and painted drywall ranged from 27 to 120 μg m-2 h-1, 13 to 40 μg m-2 h-1, 3.9 to 42 μg m-2 h-1, respectively. Ozone deposition velocity to these three materials averaged 6.1 m h-1, 2.3 m h-1 and 0.32 m h-1, respectively. Total secondary carbonyl emissions from these materials ranged from 70 to 276 μg m-2 h-1, 0 to 12 μg m-2 h-1, and 0 to 30 μg m-2 h-1, respectively. Carbonyl emissions were determined with a transient approximation, and were found to be in general agreement with those found in the literature. These results suggest that care should be taken when selecting green building materials due to potentially large differences in primary and secondary emissions.

  12. Energy efficient school buildings in central-western Argentina: an assessment of alternative typologies for the classroom tier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Rosa, C.; Basso, M.; Fernandez, J.C. [Laboratorio de Ambiente Humano y Vivienda, Mendoza (AR)] [and others

    2000-07-01

    Four energy-efficient demonstration school buildings were built in the western province of Mendoza, Argentina, in 1999, as part of a massive building program required to implement the new Federal Education Plan. The buildings should make medium use of bioclimatic strategies and daylighting. The aspects of typology of the classroom tiers became immediately apparent as one of the main conditioners of the overall scheme. Three different alternative schemes were designed and built. A deeper analysis of these and other possible alternatives were thought essential for future constructions of the type. Four typologies of the classroom tier, using the same, locally available technology, are being comparatively assessed in the aspects of energy efficiently, thermal and luminous comfort, construction and operation costs and environmental impact (LCA). The paper presents the provisional results of the two first items only: energy efficiency and thermal comfort. While all four schemes evaluated are believed to be ''workable'', differences will tend to favour some the other according to context situations. Volumetric Loss Coeff. range from 1.09 to 1.24 W/Km{sup 3}. Solar savings fractions for the school operation hours vary between: 82.83 and 91.58%. Work is being continued to cover all the analysis items in a combined way. (author)

  13. Federal R&D Agenda for Net Zero Energy, High-Performance Green Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-30

    indicate a gap between design intent and construction that results in reduced energy performance (Torcellini et al. 2006). Building energy efficiency is...occupant, building, or community needs and preferences. New technologies that maximize building energy efficiency and minimize operational energy use...including low-income home energy assistance program, weatherization assistance, state energy programs, state building energy efficiency codes incentives and

  14. 湖北省绿色建筑技术应用分析%Application analysis of green building technology in Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宁; 唐小虎

    2015-01-01

    With an analysis of green building development conditions of Hubei province, combining with local climate and geological environ-ment, based on common green building technology survey, the paper studies the implementation conditions of green building technology, and ex-plores low-cost green building technology fitting local development.%分析了湖北省绿色建筑的发展概况,结合当地的气候及地理环境,在调查该地常用的绿建技术的基础上,对绿建技术的落实情况进行了研究,并探索了适宜该地区发展的、较低成本的绿建技术。

  15. Discussion on the Electrical Design of Green Building%住宅绿色建筑电气设计分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈汇

    2014-01-01

    本文针对近年来绿色建筑的发展情况,结合实际经验对绿色建筑电气专项课题进行了分析研究,系统、全面地阐述了住宅项目绿色建筑电气设计的依据及原则,对住宅小区绿色建筑电气设计做出了详细的说明。%According to the development of green building in recent years,combined with the actual experience of green building electrical project, we comprehensively described the basis and principle of electrical design for residential green buildings, and made a detailed description on the electrical design of residential green building.

  16. 刍议绿色建筑施工管理的应用%The Application of the Green Building Construction Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨濰屿

    2014-01-01

    现代建筑施工要求绿色环保,绿色建筑施工管理理念应运而生,并带动了绿色建筑工程发展。本文主要介绍了绿色建筑、绿色建筑施工管理和评价,分析了绿色建筑施工管理的必要性和应用,并指出了绿色建筑的建设标准及发展方向。%The modern construction requires green environm-ental protection, so green building construction management emerges as the times requires and it has driven the develop-pment of green building engineering. This paper mainly int-roduces the green building, green building construction mana-gement and evaluation, and analyses the necessity and appli-cation of green construction management, and points out that the green building construction standard and development dir-ection.

  17. Beyond Batteries and Bulbs, Circuits and Conductors: Building Green, Activist-Oriented Student Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haun-Frank, Julie; Matthews, Catherine E.; Allen, Melony Holyfield

    2012-01-01

    In this article we provide an example of how to foster an activist-oriented student community by critically examining green technology. We designed this curriculum unit to teach students about the fundamentals of electricity, green technology, and experimental design. Additionally, we viewed this activity as an opportunity for students to apply…

  18. BUILDING BLOCKS IN THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSROOM (PILARES BÁSICOS EN EL AULA DE IDIOMAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coto Keith Rossina

    2010-12-01

    presents each separately, giving the idea that only one or two can be used in the language classroom, thus missing some important matters. The point of this article is that in order to be more effective, Learning Styles, Multiple Intelligences and Language Learning Strategies must intertwine, so as to create a solid building block. The author first gives an overview of each of these areas. She then explains in the review of the literature how they should be used as a closely-knit unit. Next, she provides an example of this integration through a lesson plan on the topic of environmental conservation for an Oral Communication course for English majors at School of Modern Languages, University of Costa Rica. Finally, some advice is given to instructors on the incorporation of each of these building blocks.

  19. Influencing Factors of Incremental Cost in Green Building%绿色建筑增量成本影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳

    2011-01-01

    The development of the green building has great potentials in our country at present. However the incremental cost of the green building has been not analyzed and grasped accurately and it become an important reason to restrict the development of the green building. The parameters affecting the incremental cost of the green building were analyzed. It was found that the technical measures, project areas, project positioning and the time of feasibility studies are main four influencing factors on the incremental cost of the green building. The effective measures were also given for the reducing incremental cost the green building.%目前绿色建筑在我国的发展潜力巨大,而没有准确地把握绿色建筑的增量成本是制约绿色建筑发展的重要原因.对绿色建筑增量成本的影响因素进行分析,提出了技术措施、项目所在地域、项目定位及可行性研究开展的时间这四个影响因素,并在此基础上提出了减少绿色建筑增量成本的途径,为绿色建筑的发展提供了一定的理论依据.

  20. Collaboration Initiative on Green Construction and Sustainability through Industrialized Buildings Systems (IBS in the Malaysian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamarul Anuar Mohamad Kamar

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Malaysian Construction Industry has been urged to use innovative construction technique and to shift from traditional practice of brick and mortar to Industrialized Building System (IBS construction. IBS is defined as a construction technique in which components are manufactured in a controlled environment (on or off site, transported, positioned and assembled into a structure with minimal additional site works. On the other hand, the issues of sustainability and green construction have been duly highlighted in the Construction Industry Master Plan (2005 – 2015 as being of significant importance for the Malaysian construction industry. The Malaysian government is also committed to addressing sustainability issues and meeting its target and obligations in this regard. This paper highlights several aspects of IBS that has the potential of contributing to green construction and sustainability. IBS promotes sustainability from controlled production environment, minimization of waste generation, extensive usage of energy efficient building material, effective logistics and long term economic stability which can contribute to better investment in environment technologies. The Construction Research Institute of Malaysia (CREAM, University of Salford and other research institutes in Malaysia will conduct a collaboration Research and Development (R&D initiative on green construction and sustainability trough IBS implementation. From this paper, the authors hope to receive feedbacks, comments and recommendations to improve research aims, objectives, expected deliverables and research methodology.

  1. 重庆绿色建筑探索与实践%Green Building Research and Project Development in Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴泽玲

    2012-01-01

    本文以重庆某轨道交通综合楼为基本案例,从其实践的绿色建筑策略中提炼出绿色建筑的诸多经验,总结了绿色建筑实践的基本原则:采用适宜的技术、合理利用可再生能源、引入绿色建筑评价体系,并以建筑全年能耗模拟软件预测建筑运行能耗,以验证其绿色建筑技术的有效性,在建筑运行前期起到理性的指导作用。%This article take the green building project of Chongqing Railway Transit Corporation as an example to introduce the green building design concept,strategy and project experience in Chongqing,and makes a conclusion of the basic principles for green building project development: to use the adapted strategies,to use the renewable energy properly,and to use the green building assessment as a tool.Energy modeling for whole building energy consumption per year is used to estimate the validity of those green building strategies and work as a rational guideline before the building operation.

  2. 绿色建筑投融资模式探讨%The Study of Green Building Investing and Financing Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓国

    2013-01-01

    绿色建筑对推动产业升级、结构调整、经济发展方式转变具有重要作用.绿色建筑资金来源渠道有限,投融资模式单一,影响了绿色建筑的发展.文章探讨了适合不同投资主体的绿色建筑的投融资模式,应用新型项目融资模式为绿色建筑开拓充足稳定的资金来源,使绿色建筑走向良性发展道路.提出了促进绿色建筑发展的政策建议,采用市场机制和政府激励相结合的方式,全面促进绿色建筑的发展.%Green building in promoting industrial upgrading, structural adjustment, the transformation of economic development mode play an important role. Green construction funding sources are limited, a single model of investment and financing, affected the development of green building. This paper discusses the green building investment and financing mode for different investment entities, application of new project financing mode for green building to develop adequate and stable funding sources, that green building towards the road of sustainable development. It puts forward to promote the development of green building policy proposal, with the market mechanism and the government incentive combination, promote the development of green buildings.

  3. Carbohydrate Green Chemistry: C-Glycoside Ketones as Potential Chiral Building Blocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    "Green chemistry" methods to produce new chemicals from renewable agricultural feedstocks will decrease our dependence on imported petroleum feedstocks and lower the environmental impact of consumer products. Our current research focuses on development of new carbohydrate-based derivatives, "locked...

  4. Incremental Cost Analysis of the Green Building in China%我国绿色建筑增量成本分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾庆林; 陈葶葶; 李幽铮

    2014-01-01

    目前绿色建筑在我国已经进入全面推行的阶段,但由于对绿色建筑增量成本的认识不明,同时影响绿色建筑增量成本的因素也较多,大大地制约了绿色建筑的发展。本文对绿色建筑增量成本及其影响因素进行仔细分析,并提出了减少绿色建筑增量成本的一些途径。%At present, the green building in China has entered the implementation stage, but as the understanding of the incremental cost of green building is unknown, and factors affecting the incremental cost of green building is more, which is greatly restricted the development of green architecture. The incremental cost of green building and its effects are carefully analyzed, and some ways to reduce the incremental cost of green building are put forward.

  5. Institutional Motivations and Barriers to the Construction of Green Buildings on Campus: A Case Study of the University of Waterloo, Ontario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Gregory R. A.; Lynes, Jennifer K.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: To explore the barriers and motivations to the construction of green buildings at the University of Waterloo (UW) by documenting and analysing the UW building process. Design/methodology/approach: The authors conducted 13 semi-structured in-depth interviews with key UW individuals as well as analyzing numerous internal reports in order to…

  6. Building Concepts through Writing-to-Learn in College Physics Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullock, Shawn

    2006-01-01

    This paper draws on an action research inquiry into my teaching practice featuring careful analysis of the experiences of some of the students in my college-level introductory college physics course. Specifically, the research describes and interprets the role of Writing-to-Learn pedagogies in a physics classroom with a view to exploring how such…

  7. Building Bridges: A Peace Corps Classroom Guide to Cross-Cultural Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aronhime, Raquel; Bennhold-Samaan, Laurette; Coratti, Nancy; Lazar, Cori; Flaccus, Trisha Tumulty; McGinnis, J. Randy; Scammahorn, Emmy; Soderstrom, Robert; Storti, Craig; Williams, Krystal

    2010-01-01

    The lessons presented in this book will: (1) Help students better understand their own culture and how it has shaped them; (2) Help students begin to understand the perspectives of other cultures, leading to increased respect for those who are different from them--in the classroom and worldwide; and (3) Provide an increased awareness of the value…

  8. Building Reading Resilience: Re-Thinking Reading for the Literary Studies Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Kate; Barnett, Tully; Poletti, Anna; Seaboyer, Judith; Kennedy, Rosanne

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces the concept of "reading resilience": students' ability to read and interpret complex and demanding literary texts by drawing on advanced, engaged, critical reading skills. Reading resilience is a means for rethinking the place and pedagogies of close reading in the contemporary literary studies classroom. Our…

  9. Building a More Complete Understanding of Teacher Evaluation Using Classroom Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Julie; Goldhaber, Dan

    2016-01-01

    Improving teacher evaluation is one of the most pressing but also contested areas of educational policy. Value-added measures have received much of the attention in new evaluation systems, but they can only be used to evaluate a fraction of teachers. Classroom observations are almost universally used to assess teachers, yet their statistical…

  10. Macro-Situation and Numerical Knowledge Building: The Role of Pupils' Didactic Memory in Classroom Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fluckiger, Annick

    2005-01-01

    This paper is based on a long-term didactic engineering about division problems (only in a numerical setting) at primary school. Situations and students' work are analyzed by means of a double theoretical framework: the theory of situations and the theory of conceptual fields (Vergnaud 1991). The analysis focuses mainly on classroom interactions…

  11. Building a Negotiation Mechanism in EFL Classroom in Chinese Context: Concepts and Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Shiyong

    2016-01-01

    Foreign language teaching is a bilateral process in which both the teacher and students must play their roles effectively. However, lack of interaction is the problem many EFL teachers in China face. To make the teaching more effective, negotiation in the classroom becomes a must. This paper, based on the current situation of English teaching in…

  12. Combining Classic Literature with Creative Teaching for Essay Building in an Inclusive Urban High School Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connor, David J.; Bickens, Sarah; Bittman, Fran

    2009-01-01

    The urban inclusive high school classroom is a challenge for both students with disabilities and their teachers. Pressure is intensified when a year long course of study ends in a mandated state examination in English Language Arts, required for student graduation. This article highlights the experiences of two teachers in a New York City…

  13. Build Your Own Second-Generation Bioethanol Plant in the Classroom!

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Seters, van J.R.; Sijbers, J.P.J.; Denis, M.; Tramper, J.

    2011-01-01

    The production of bioethanol from cellulosic waste is described. The experiment is suitable for students in secondary school classroom settings and leads to bioethanol in a concentration high enough to burn the liquid. The experiment consists of three steps: (i) the cellulose of the waste material i

  14. Build Your Own Second-Generation Bioethanol Plant in the Classroom!

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Seters, Janneke R.; Sijbers, Jeroen P. J.; Denis, Misha; Tramper, Johannes

    2011-01-01

    The production of bioethanol from cellulosic waste is described. The experiment is suitable for students in secondary school classroom settings and leads to bioethanol in a concentration high enough to burn the liquid. The experiment consists of three steps: (i) the cellulose of the waste material is converted to glucose by cellulase enzymes, (ii)…

  15. Play Time/Social Time: Organizing Your Classroom To Build Interaction Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odom, Samuel L.; McConnell, Scott R.; Ostrosky, Michaelene; Peterson, Carla; Skellenger, Annette; Spicuzza, Richard; Chandler, Lynette K.; McEvoy, Mary A.

    This curriculum guide provides classroom organizational guidelines, activities, and lesson plans to promote social interaction and the development of social competence in preschool children with disabilities or at risk for developmental problems or delays. The program is designed to include peers who are either developing normally or have higher…

  16. Overcoming Constraints of Building Successful Partnerships Incorporating STEM Research Into K-12 Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radencic, S.; McNeal, K. S.; Pierce, D.; Hare, D.

    2011-12-01

    The Initiating New Science Partnerships in Rural Education (INSPIRE) program at Mississippi State University (MSU), funded by the NSF Graduate STEM Fellows in K-12 Education (GK12) program, focuses on the advancement of Earth and Space science education in K-12 classrooms. INSPIRE is currently in its second year of partnering ten graduate students from the STEM fields of Geosciences, Engineering and Chemistry at MSU with five teachers from local, rural school districts. The five year project serves to increase inquiry and technology experiences in science and math while enhancing graduate student's communication skills as they create interactive lessons linking their STEM research focus to the state and national standards covered in the classrooms. Each graduate student is responsible for the development of two lessons each month of the school year that are then published on the INSPIRE project webpage, www.gk12.msstate.edu, where they are a free resource for any K-12 classroom teacher seeking innovative activities for their classrooms. Many of the participating teachers and graduate students share activities developed with non-participating teachers, expanding INSPIRE's outreach throughout the local community. Numerous challenges were met during the formation of the program as well as throughout the first year in which the project management team worked together to find solutions ensuring that INSPIRE maintained successful partnerships for all involved. Proposed solutions of the following key components were identified by INSPIRE through the development, implementation, and continuous evaluation (internal and external) of the first year of the program as areas that can pose challenges to the construction of strong relationships between STEM research and K-12 classrooms: initializing the partnerships with the K-12 classrooms and STEM graduate fields at the university; maintaining strong partnerships; providing appropriate training and support; developing sound

  17. 绿色建筑成本关键驱动因素分析%Analysis on the Key Drivers of Green Building Cost

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋章霞; 陈琳

    2017-01-01

    The effective identification of the key factor of driving green building project has important influence on the optimization of the green building project. The existing research if green building costs and management is relatively weak and it overmuch focuses on the budget cost of technology applications. So, the government, developers and users are lack of guidance and targeted in the selection and decision-making of the green building projects. That is not conducive to the popularization and promotion of China's green building projects. To this end, the key factors to drive the project cost of green building are identified by the questionnaire and SPSS software provide the support and reference for the optimization and decision-making of green building project.%有效识别驱动绿色建筑项目成本发生的关键因素对绿色建筑项目的优选决策具有重要影响,由于已有绿色建筑成本与管理研究相对薄弱、过渡侧重于技术应用的成本预算,导致政府、开发商及用户在对绿色建筑项目选择和决策中缺乏引导性和针对性,不利于我国绿色建筑项目的普及和推广.为此,识别驱动绿色建筑项目的因素,通过调查问卷方式和SPSS软件识别出驱动绿色建筑项目成本的关键因素,从而为绿色建筑项目优选决策提供了支持和借鉴.

  18. Green design strategy of archive buildings%档案馆建筑的绿色建筑设计策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾巍; 李天阳; 武玮卿; 苏博; 刘敏; 崔癑

    2014-01-01

    Presents how to solve the technical problems through green building technologies and strategies,during the green design of archive buildings, including the building envelope thermal performance design in severe cold area,the air conditioning system energy efficiency design in dry regions and the optimization measures of indoor environment,and reaches the requirement of green building standard.%介绍了档案馆建筑设计中,通过采用与绿色建筑相关的技术手段和策略解决的技术难题,包括严寒地区档案库区部分建筑的围护结构热工设计、干燥地区夏季空调系统节能设计、室内环境优化措施等,达到了绿色建筑标准要求。

  19. Green Athina: A guide for applying greenery on existing apartment buildings in Athens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaskareli, M.

    2013-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. The 'polikatikia' building type makes up for 80% of the built environment in Athens; a concrete structure multi-storey apartment building type. The aim of this manual is to provide clear information on how gr

  20. BioClimatic Architecture without Architects: Green Design Tips by Insects, Animals and Vernacular Buildings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Christodoulou, A.

    2011-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. In our struggle towards a smarter building approach we can get our inspiration from natural and vernacular buildings, which survived for thousands of years and integrated well with nature, without the technol

  1. Contributions to the design of rainwater harvesting systems in buildings with green roofs in a Mediterranean climate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, Cristina M; Calheiros, Cristina S C; Pimentel-Rodrigues, Carla; Silva-Afonso, Armando; Castro, Paula M L

    2016-01-01

    Green roofs (GRs) are becoming a trend in urban areas, favouring thermal performance of buildings, promoting removal of atmospheric pollutants, and acting as possible water collection spots. Rainwater harvesting systems in buildings can also contribute to the management of stormwater runoff reducing flood peaks. These technologies should be enhanced in Mediterranean countries where water scarcity is increasing and the occurrence of extreme events is becoming very significant, as a result of climate change. An extensive pilot GR with three aromatic plant species, Satureja montana, Thymus caespititius and Thymus pseudolanuginosus, designed to study several parameters affecting rainwater runoff, has been in operation for 12 months. Physico-chemical analyses of roof water runoff (turbidity, pH, conductivity, NH4(+), NO3(-), PO4(3-), chemical oxygen demand) have shown that water was of sufficient quality for non-potable uses in buildings, such as toilet flushing. An innovative approach allowed for the development of an expression to predict a 'monthly runoff coefficient' of the GR system. This parameter is essential when planning and designing GRs combined with rainwater harvesting systems in a Mediterranean climate. This study is a contribution to improving the basis for the design of rainwater harvesting systems in buildings with extensive GRs under a Mediterranean climate.

  2. Optimization model for the selection of materials using a LEED-based green building rating system in Colombia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro-Lacouture, Daniel [Building Construction Program, College of Architecture, Georgia Institute of Technology, 280 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, GA 30332 (United States); Sefair, Jorge A.; Florez, Laura; Medaglia, Andres L. [Centro de Optimizacion y Probabilidad Aplicada (COPA), Departamento de Ingenieria Industrial, Universidad de los Andes, Bogota D.C. (Colombia)

    2009-06-15

    Buildings have a significant and continuously increasing impact on the environment because they are responsible for a large portion of carbon emissions and use a considerable number of resources and energy. The green building movement emerged to mitigate these effects and to improve the building construction process. This paradigm shift should bring significant environmental, economic, financial, and social benefits. However, to realize such benefits, efforts are required not only in the selection of appropriate technologies but also in the choice of proper materials. Selecting inappropriate materials can be expensive, but more importantly, it may preclude the achievement of the desired environmental goals. In order to help decision-makers with the selection of the right materials, this study proposes a mixed integer optimization model that incorporates design and budget constraints while maximizing the number of credits reached under the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system. To illustrate this model, this paper presents a case study of a building in Colombia in which a modified version of LEED is proposed. (author)

  3. Being in a "Green" Building Elicits "Greener" Recycling, but Not Necessarily "Better" Recycling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, David W-L; DiGiacomo, Alessandra; Lenkic, Peter J; Wong, Vanessa K; Kingstone, Alan

    2016-01-01

    Previous observational work revealed that transient populations in a sustainable building disposed of waste more accurately when compared to patrons in a non-sustainable building. The current study uses an experimental design to replicate this observed effect and to investigate whether or not the built environment influences motivational factors to impact behavior. We find support that a building designed and built to communicate an atmosphere of sustainability can influence waste disposal behavior. Participants in the sustainable building used the garbage receptacle significantly less and compensated by tending to select the containers and organics receptacle more, which actually resulted in more errors overall. Our findings suggest that building atmospherics can motivate people to recycle more. However, atmospherics alone do not appear to be sufficient to elicit the desired performance outcome.

  4. Being in a "Green" Building Elicits "Greener" Recycling, but Not Necessarily "Better" Recycling.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David W-L Wu

    Full Text Available Previous observational work revealed that transient populations in a sustainable building disposed of waste more accurately when compared to patrons in a non-sustainable building. The current study uses an experimental design to replicate this observed effect and to investigate whether or not the built environment influences motivational factors to impact behavior. We find support that a building designed and built to communicate an atmosphere of sustainability can influence waste disposal behavior. Participants in the sustainable building used the garbage receptacle significantly less and compensated by tending to select the containers and organics receptacle more, which actually resulted in more errors overall. Our findings suggest that building atmospherics can motivate people to recycle more. However, atmospherics alone do not appear to be sufficient to elicit the desired performance outcome.

  5. Building green infrastructure via citizen participation - a six-year study in the Shepherd Creek

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green infrastructure at the parcel scale provides critical ecosystem goods and services when these services (such as flood mitigation) must be provided locally. Here we report on an approach that encourages suburban landowners to mitigate impervious surfaces on their properties t...

  6. Truly Green: A Look at the Advantages of Maintaining Historic Campus Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Julie Paul; Hillman, Luce R.

    2010-01-01

    Most colleges and universities have taken great strides in recent years to embrace "being green." As part of this process, many institutions have established an Office of Sustainability or similar department to implement these practices and foster the image of environmental consciousness that the universities want to project. Institutions are…

  7. Research on Implementation of Green Low Carbon Building Development%推行绿色低碳建筑发展的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊信福; 李文涛; 龚良勇

    2016-01-01

    人口、环境问题迫使人们对建筑的可持续发展提出新的发展方向。首先,明确绿色低碳建筑的基本内容,对其全寿命周期划分不同阶段,以便于深入研究并推行;其次,建立绿色低碳建筑的评价指标体系,指出评价指标体系的适用范围,进行绿色低碳建筑的效益分析,明确绿色低碳建筑的评价指标;最后,指明发展绿色低碳建筑中会遇到的困难,并提出发展绿色低碳建筑的相应策略。%Population,environmental problems makes people put forward to the new direction of sustainable building. Firstly,Clear the basic content of green low carbon building and divided into different phases of the whole life cycle of green building,in order to further study and implement. Secondly,we should establish green low carbon building evaluation index system,point out the applicable scope of the evaluation index system,efficiency analysis of low-carbon green buildings,clear evaluation index of green low carbon building. Finally,indicate the difficulties when we develop the green low carbon building,and put forward the corresponding strategy.

  8. Foreign Green Building Assessment System Research & Revelation%国外绿色建筑评价体系研究与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁媛; 高珊

    2013-01-01

    Green building is the extension and practice of sustainable concept in the fields of building.Establishing a scientific and effective evaluation system of green building is important prerequisite to realise the green building and the sustainable development.Since the 1990's of last century,many countries have gradually established their evaluation systems of green building on the basis of national conditions.Taking BREEAM,LEED,Green Star,and CASBEE for example,The paper combs foreign green building assessment system's development process from the core concept,object and content of evaluation,scoring,evaluation and other aspects.On the Base of the analysis,the paper analyses the the existing problems of China's green building evaluation system and gives advice to China's green building evaluation system from the object of evaluation,evaluation index and related system so as to improve measures.%作为可持续理念在建筑领域的延伸与实践,绿色建筑的实现有赖于建立科学有效的绿色建筑评价体系.自20世纪90年代以来,各国依据自身国情逐步建立并不断完善相应的绿色建筑评价体系,以英国BREEAM、美国LEED、澳大利亚Green Star以及日本CASBEE为例,从核心理念、评价对象与内容、打分方式、评价分级等方面进行研究;分析我国绿色建筑评价体系存在的问题,借鉴国外相关经验,对我国绿色建筑评价体系从评价对象、评价指标及相关制度建设等方面提出完善对策.

  9. Green Building Design Thinking under the Background of Humanistic Concept%论人文理念背景下的绿色建筑设计思维

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜立婷; 姜诗雯

    2015-01-01

    Green building design thinking is the most active element in construction activities. From the development process of green building, this paper introduces the concept of green building, sums up the humanistic concept importance in green building design, notes human factors in today’s situation will gradually become the main line of green building design, discusses the design guiding ideology of humanism idea under the green building background in detail, and points out that the spatial strategy and environmental strategy shall be combined, encourage green creativity, more attention to the interests of main body, strengthening on the architect’s responsibility and social orientation. All these effective ways will achieve green building goals. The paper calls for the human factors into the evaluation standard for green building as soon as possible.%绿色建筑设计思维是当下建筑活动最活跃的要素。从绿色建筑的发展过程入手,介绍了绿色建筑的概念,概括了人文理念在绿色建筑设计中的重要性,指出在当今形势下人文因素将逐渐成为绿色建筑设计中的主线,详细论述了人文理念背景下的绿色建筑设计指导思想,并指出注重空间策略与环境策略相结合、鼓励绿色创意、关注利益主体、强化建筑师的责任感和社会导向,是实现绿色建筑目标的有效途径,同时,也呼吁应尽快将人文因素纳入到绿色建筑评价标准中。

  10. The Building Construction Management and Green Building Construction Management%浅谈建筑施工管理及绿色建筑施工管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      做好施工管理是确保工程质量、安全和进度的主要措施,也是建筑企业获得最大经济效益的有效途径。现在人们对建筑工程的要求越来越高,不仅仅只停留在质量达标上,还体现在建筑施工的绿色理念上,因此,作为建筑施工管理者应该想方设法地减少成本,节能降耗,减少建筑施工所产生的污染。本文就建筑施工管理及绿色建筑施工管理问题与各位同仁进行探讨。%The construction management is the main measures to ensure the quality, safety and schedule of engineering, the effective approach of construction enterprises to obtain the big-gest economic benefits. Now people’s demand for the constru-ction is increasingly high, not only stay in the quality standard, also reflect the green concept in building construction, theref-ore, the construction managers should try various devices to reduce cost, save energy and reduce consumption, reduce the pol ution caused by construction. This paper makes a discussi-on on the construction management and green building constr-uction management with col eagues.

  11. Thinking of Promoting the Design of Green Buildings in Colleges and Universities%推动高校绿色建筑设计思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高峰

    2014-01-01

    The buildings in traditional university is not very ideal in building performance, construction form, application of materials and green building. At present, the development of the green buildings in our university is not sufficient, and there are many places to be perfected. This paper mainly has carried on the analysis to the design of green building in our university; we hope to be able to have positive efect to promote the co- nstruction of green building in university.%传统高校建筑在建筑结构、形式、材料应用及绿色建筑方面表现不是非常理想。目前,我国高校绿色建筑发展并不充分,还有很多地方需要完善。文章主要对我国高校绿色建筑设计进行了简要分析,希望能够对推动高校绿色建筑起到积极作用。

  12. Research and Discussion on the Three-dimensional Greening of Building%建筑立体绿化的研究与探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Along with the city construction is increasing, peo-ple pay more at ention to the greening of building. This paper mainly expounds the greening technology on the building roof and puts forward the prospect of the development of roof gree-ning later, in order to improve the greening landscape city and provides technical support for reference.%  随着城市建筑的不断增多,人们对建筑物绿化越来越重视。本文主要阐述了在建筑物屋顶进行的绿化技术,并对楼顶绿化以后的发展提出了展望,为提升整体城市绿化景观提供了技术保障,仅供同行参考。

  13. Green procurement of buildings: estimation of environmental impact and life-cycle cost

    OpenAIRE

    Sterner, Eva

    2002-01-01

    This thesis focuses on environmental impact reduction and life-cycle cost estimations in building procurement. The aim for the work presented in this thesis is to contribute to the understanding of whether costs and environmental impact of a building can be integrated in a, from the users perspective, practical model applied for tender evaluation. The model should also be able to use as a base of evaluating different solutions in the design phase. Specifically this means to: Increase knowledg...

  14. Incremental Cost Analysis of Green Buildings in Fujian Province%福建省绿色建筑增量成本分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志昆

    2014-01-01

    The incremental cost of available green buildings is significant for the policy -making and promotion of green buildings in Fu-jian.Based on the resource conditions of Fujian Province and specific situation of each project , the present work analyzes the incremental costs and their corresponding components of some typical green buildings , and makes comparisons with the existing data .%福建省绿色建筑的政策制定和推广亟需现有绿色建筑项目的增量成本数据作为支撑。本文统计了典型项目的增量成本及其构成要素,结合福建省基础条件和项目的具体情况进行分析,并与现有统计结果进行比较。

  15. Research on Green Building Technological Innovation and Tax Incentive Policy%绿色建筑技术创新与税收政策激励研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董坤; 李洁

    2015-01-01

    This paper deeply analyzes the existing difficulties and deficiencies in the exploration of green building , and introduces some main systematic constructions in promoting green building. This paper introduces from two aspects,namely policy incentives and economic incentives,and emphatically analyzes the effect of tax policies in promoting green building.%文章深入剖析了绿色建筑在探索方面存在的困难和不足,详细介绍了在推广绿色建筑过程中主要进行的一些制度体系建设,并介绍了政策激励和经济激励2个方面,重点分析了税收政策在推广绿色建筑中的作用。

  16. Discussion on the green energy saving technology application in building construction%谈建筑施工中绿色节能技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖宁

    2015-01-01

    This paper elaborated the role application of green energy saving technology in building construction,according to the principle of green energy saving technology in building construction,researched the internal green construction technology measures of building top,interior walls,exterior walls,laid foundation for the sustainable development of construction industry.%阐述了建筑施工中应用绿色节能技术的作用,根据绿色节能技术在建筑施工中的原则,对建筑顶部、内墙、外墙、内部的绿色施工技术措施作了研究,为建筑业的可持续发展奠定了基础。

  17. White biotechnology for green chemistry: fermentative 2-oxocarboxylic acids as novel building blocks for subsequent chemical syntheses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stottmeister, U; Aurich, A; Wilde, H; Andersch, J; Schmidt, S; Sicker, D

    2005-12-01

    Functionalized compounds, which are difficult to produce by classical chemical synthesis, are of special interest as biotechnologically available targets. They represent useful building blocks for subsequent organic syntheses, wherein they can undergo stereoselective or regioselective reactions. "White Biotechnology" (as defined by the European Chemical Industry [ http://www.europabio.org/white_biotech.htm ], as part of a sustainable "Green Chemistry,") supports new applications of chemicals produced via biotechnology. Environmental aspects of this interdisciplinary combination include: Use of renewable feedstock Optimization of biotechnological processes by means of: New "high performance" microorganisms On-line measurement of substrates and products in bioreactors Alternative product isolation, resulting in higher yields, and lower energy demand In this overview we describe biotechnologically produced pyruvic, 2-oxopentaric and 2-oxohexaric acids as promising new building blocks for synthetic chemistry. In the first part, the microbial formation of 2-oxocarboxylic acids (2-OCAs) in general, and optimization of the fermentation steps required to form pyruvic acid, 2-oxoglutaric acid, and 2-oxo-D-gluconic acid are described, highlighting the fundamental advantages in comparison to chemical syntheses. In the second part, a set of chemical formula schemes demonstrate that 2-OCAs are applicable as building blocks in the chemical synthesis of, e.g., hydrophilic triazines, spiro-connected heterocycles, benzotriazines, and pyranoic amino acids. Finally, some perspectives are discussed.

  18. The Value of Energy Performance and Green Attributes in Buildings: A Review of Existing Literature and Recommendations for Future Research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stuart, Elizabeth

    2011-09-07

    Labels, certifications, and rating systems for energy efficiency performance and “green” attributes of buildings have been available in the U.S. for over 10 years, and used extensively in the European Union and Australia for longer. Such certifications and ratings can make energy efficiency more visible, and could help spur demand for energy efficiency if these designations are shown to have a positive impact on sales or rental prices. This policy brief discusses the findings and methodologies from recent studies on this topic, and suggests recommendations for future research. Although there have been just a handful of studies within the last 10 years that have investigated these effects, a few key findings emerge: To maximize sales price impact, label or rating information must be disclosed early and visibly in the sales process; The approach to evaluating energy efficiency labels (e.g., ENERGY STAR) and general “green” certifications (e.g., LEED or GreenPoint Rated) may need to be different, depending on the type, vintage and market penetration of the label; Collaborative efforts to promote label adoption and build a large dataset of labeled buildings will be required to produce reliable study results.

  19. Green, Clean, & Mean: Pushing the Energy Envelope in Tech Industry Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mills, Evan [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Granderson, Jessica [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Chan, Rengie [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Diamond, Richard [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Haves, Philip [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Nordman, Bruce [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Mathew, Paul [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Piette, Mary Ann [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Robinson, Gerald [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Selkowitz, Stephen [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2015-05-01

    When it comes to innovation in energy and building performance, one can expect leading-edge activity from the technology sector. As front-line innovators in design, materials science, and information management, developing and operating high-performance buildings is a natural extension of their core business. The energy choices made by technology companies have broad importance given their influence on society at large as well as the extent of their own energy footprint. Microsoft, for example, has approximately 250 facilities around the world (30 million square feet of floor area), with significant aggregate energy use of approximately 4 million kilowatt-hours per day (Figure 1).

  20. Management Method of the Construction of Green Building%浅析绿色建筑施工管理的方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍海瑞

    2014-01-01

    随着人们绿色环保意识的不断增强,绿色建筑项目逐渐成为建筑领域发展的趋势,绿色建筑项目也在不断增多。因此,必须不断提高绿色建筑的施工管理,使我国的绿色建筑能够顺应我国建筑行业可持续发展的趋势。%Along with the enhancement of people’s environ-mental protection consciousness, green building project has gr-adual y become the trend of the development of the field of architecture, so green building projects are increasing. Theref-ore, we must constantly improve the construction management of green building to make the green building in china can adapt to the sustainable development trend of china’s building indus-try.

  1. Cost Comparison Between Ordinary Building and Green Building:A residential community in Jiangsu province%普通建筑与绿色建筑成本比较--以江苏省某住宅小区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荀琦; 孟杰

    2016-01-01

    从全寿命周期的角度来看,绿色建筑和普通建筑的成本相比差距不大,但是绿色建筑的社会效益巨大,消费者的超额支出在使用过程中可以回收。通过对江苏某住宅小区建筑节能设计方案与未考虑节能的方案成本进行比较发现,实现建筑节能目标和实现全生命周期建筑成本控制目标可以取得一致效果。%The cost gap between the green building and the ordinary building is not big from the viewpoint of the whole life cycle, but the green building has huge social benefits. Consumers will recycle the extra-investment in using the green building. The cost of building energy efficiency design of a resi-dential community is compared with the building without energy-saving consideration in Jiangsu, the con-clusion shows energy-saving design will achieve consistent results in realizing building energy efficiency and full life cycle construction cost control.

  2. Evaluation Capacity Building: Can a Classroom-Based Course Make a Difference?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaye-Tzadok, Avital; Spiro, Shimon E.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Growing emphasis on program and practice evaluation in social work education coalesces with a growing interest in evaluation capacity building (ECB) within the interdisciplinary field of evaluation. However, the literature on ECB, while recognizing the importance of imparting knowledge and skills to individuals, largely ignores the…

  3. Students' Environmental Responsibility and Their Willingness to Pay for Green Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attaran, Sharmin; Celik, Bilge Gokhan

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore environmental attitudes and how such attitudes, when combined with a specific cost, can affect environmental behavior. Environmental attitudes are important to study due to the rising belief by building occupants that they are owed safe, healthy, environmentally responsible, and comfortable living…

  4. The Development and Application of Policy-Based Tools for Institutional Green Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cupido, Anthony F.

    2010-01-01

    In 2008, APPA forwarded a Web-based survey on the author's behalf to all designated representatives of APPA member institutions. The purpose of the survey was to determine if institutional policies are an important criterion for an institution's sustainable building practices and the use of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED[R]).…

  5. Energy Efficient Green Building Based on Geo Cooling System in Sustainable Construction of Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Rabiul Alam

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is focused to utilize geo energy in cooling of building in tropical country like Malaysia where temperature rises in daytime and goes beyond to a comfortable limit. In daytime inside temperature of the room is considered to be reduced by adding thermal conductivity media inside the room elements such as walls through its connectivity to the underground where temperature is less than the ambient room temperature. Due to the ground connectivity of thermal conductivity media a flow of heat creates from the room to the ground and tries to produce a thermal balance between these two medias and therefore, room temperature drops to a temperature close to the underground soil temperature. Aluminium pipes are considered as high thermal conductivity material. The entire study is done numerically using ANSYS 11 finite element software to determine the role of underground soil and thermal conductivity pipes. In numerical investigation heat flow between two systems (building rooms equipped with thermal conductivity pipe and underground soil is studied and the performance of the conductivity materials is examined. The room temperature in the presence of thermal conductivity media as well as mechanical cooling system is also investigated in this study. It is seen that high thermal conductivity media plays a role in transferring heat from room to the ground and makes cooling of the building effectively. It acts also effectively when it uses with other mechanical cooling system of building.

  6. Green building blocks for biobased plastics: biobased processes and market development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Harmsen, P.F.H.; Hackmann, M.M.

    2013-01-01

    From a chemical perspective, nearly all building blocks for plastics can be made using renewable raw materials. However, not every process is commercially feasible. Processes often remain inefficient, products have insufficient purity or the raw materials are simply too expensive. This publication p

  7. Bark polyflavonoids from Pinus radiata as functional building-blocks for polylactic acid (PLA-based green composites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. E. Garcia

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Polylactic acid (PLA was melt-blended with Pinus radiata unmodified and modified (hydroxypropyled bark polyflavonoids in order to use such polyphenolic building-blocks as functional additives for envisaged applications. Rheological, morphological, molecular, thermal, and flexural properties were studied. Polyflavonoids improved blend processability in terms of short-time mixing. Furthermore, hydroxypropylated polyflavonoids improve miscibility in binary and ternary blends. Blend-composition affects crystallization-, melting-, and glass transition-temperature of PLA, as well as thermal resistance, and flexural properties of the blends. Polyflavonoids induced PLA-crystallization, and polymer-chain decomposition. Modified and unmodified bark polyflavonoids from radiata pine can be used successfully in PLA-based green composites beyond the food-packaging applications. The high compatibility between PLA and hydroxypropyled polyflavonoids highlights the potential of such phenolic derivatives for PLA-based material design.

  8. The effect of radiation and height of solar air chimney to improve performance of green buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azadeh Gorgin karaji

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, energy due to the complexity and increasing evolution of the global society , played a major role in the economy and politic. forecasts the prospects for the energy sector and adopt the right strategy is the main factor for sustainable development of each country due to various factors affecting consumption Heating energy of building has great impact in saving solutions in buildings, reduce consuming energy in the household sector. Climate and weather, architecture, materials, using efficient heating systems and equipment with capacity requirements are mainly effective in heating load of building also control of the heating system is mainly effective in amount of consuming heating energy. Use of solar receptors is considerable debate that install often on the roof and south side of the building which has the most potential to absorb solar energy, furthermore it has considerable influence on heating load of building. Case study is a simple physical model of the solar chimney is similar to the Trombe wall. One side of the chimney is provided with a glass cover which with the other three solid walls of the chimney form a channel through which the heated air could rises and flow by natural convection. This article, from the viewpoint of purpose is applied- developmental that has been done with analytic methods. Study conditions are for Kermanshah with outside winter design temperature -10.56 °C. These equations are solved by matrix inversion. Thermal efficiency of solar air chimney which is calculated due to temperature of glass, wall and air mass flow rate and heat momentary, will be presented. By study of researches, significant relationship was observed between experimental data so empirical research in this area is continuing.

  9. Valuing the Benefits of Creek Rehabilitation: Building a Business Case for Public Investments in Urban Green Infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekala, Gayathri Devi; Jones, Roger N.; MacDonald, Darla Hatton

    2015-06-01

    In an effort to increase the livability of its cities, public agencies in Australia are investing in green infrastructure to improve public health, reduce heat island effects and transition toward water sensitive urban design. In this paper, we present a simple and replicable approach to building a business case for green infrastructure. This approach requires much less time and resources compared to other methods for estimating the social and economic returns to society from such investments. It is a pragmatic, reasonably comprehensive approach that includes socio-demographic profile of potential users and catchment analysis to assess the economic value of community benefits of the investment. The approach has been applied to a case study area in the City of Brimbank, a western suburb of Greater Melbourne. We find that subject to a set of assumptions, a reasonable business case can be made. We estimate potential public benefits of avoided health costs of about AU75,049 per annum and potential private benefits of AU3.9 million. The project area is one of the most poorly serviced areas in the municipality in terms of quality open spaces and the potential beneficiaries are from relatively low income households with less than average health status and education levels. The values of cultural (recreational benefits, avoided health costs, and increased property values) and regulating (reduction in heat island effect and carbon sequestration) ecosystem services were quantified that can potentially offset annual maintenance costs.

  10. Valuing the benefits of creek rehabilitation: building a business case for public investments in urban green infrastructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekala, Gayathri Devi; Jones, Roger N; MacDonald, Darla Hatton

    2015-06-01

    In an effort to increase the livability of its cities, public agencies in Australia are investing in green infrastructure to improve public health, reduce heat island effects and transition toward water sensitive urban design. In this paper, we present a simple and replicable approach to building a business case for green infrastructure. This approach requires much less time and resources compared to other methods for estimating the social and economic returns to society from such investments. It is a pragmatic, reasonably comprehensive approach that includes socio-demographic profile of potential users and catchment analysis to assess the economic value of community benefits of the investment. The approach has been applied to a case study area in the City of Brimbank, a western suburb of Greater Melbourne. We find that subject to a set of assumptions, a reasonable business case can be made. We estimate potential public benefits of avoided health costs of about AU$75,049 per annum and potential private benefits of AU$3.9 million. The project area is one of the most poorly serviced areas in the municipality in terms of quality open spaces and the potential beneficiaries are from relatively low income households with less than average health status and education levels. The values of cultural (recreational benefits, avoided health costs, and increased property values) and regulating (reduction in heat island effect and carbon sequestration) ecosystem services were quantified that can potentially offset annual maintenance costs.

  11. Release of drinking water contaminants and odor impacts caused by green building cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) plumbing systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Keven M; Stenson, Alexandra C; Dey, Rajarashi; Whelton, Andrew J

    2014-12-15

    Green buildings are increasingly being plumbed with crosslinked polyethylene (PEX) potable water pipe. Tap water quality was investigated at a six month old plumbing system and chemical and odor quality impacts of six PEX pipe brands were examined. Eleven PEX related contaminants were found in the plumbing system; one regulated (toluene) and several unregulated: Antioxidant degradation products, resin solvents, initiator degradation products, or manufacturing aides. Water chemical and odor quality was monitored for new PEX-a, -b and -c pipes with (2 mg/L free chlorine) and without disinfectant over 30 days. Odor and total organic carbon (TOC) levels decreased for all pipes, but odor remained greater than the USA's Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) secondary maximum contaminant level. Odors were not attributed to known odorants ethyl-tert-butyl ether (ETBE) or methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE). Free chlorine caused odor levels for PEX-a1 pipe to increase from 26 to 75 threshold odor number (TON) on day 3 and affected the rate at which TOC changed for each brand over 30 days. As TOC decreased, the ultraviolet absorbance at 254 nm increased. Pipes consumed as much as 0.5 mg/L as Cl2 during each 3 day stagnation period. Sixteen organic chemicals were identified, including toluene, pyridine, methylene trichloroacetate and 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol. Some were also detected during the plumbing system field investigation. Six brands of PEX pipes sold in the USA and a PEX-a green building plumbing system impacted chemical and drinking water odor quality.

  12. Green Nanotechnology from Tea: Phytochemicals in Tea as Building Blocks for Production of Biocompatible Gold Nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nune, Satish K; Chanda, Nripen; Shukla, Ravi; Katti, Kavita; Kulkarni, Rajesh R; Thilakavathi, Subramanian; Mekapothula, Swapna; Kannan, Raghuraman; Katti, Kattesh V

    2009-06-01

    Phytochemicals occluded in tea have been extensively used as dietary supplements and as natural pharmaceuticals in the treatment of various diseases including human cancer. Results on the reduction capabilities of phytochemicals present in tea to reduce gold salts to the corresponding gold nanoparticles are presented in this paper. The phytochemicals present in tea serve the dual roles as effective reducing agents to reduce gold and also as stabilizers to provide robust coating on the gold nanoparticles in a single step. The Tea-generated gold nanoparticles (T-AuNPs), have demonstrated remarkable in vitro stability in various buffers including saline, histidine, HSA, and cysteine solutions. T-AuNPs with phytochemical coatings have shown significant affinity toward prostate (PC-3) and breast (MCF-7) cancer cells. Results on the cellular internalization of T-AuNPs through endocytosis into the PC-3 and MCF-7 cells are presented. The generation of T-AuNPs follows all principles of green chemistry and have been found to be non toxic as assessed through MTT assays. No 'man made' chemicals, other than gold salts, are used in this true biogenic green nanotechnological process thus paving excellent opportunities for their applications in molecular imaging and therapy.

  13. MARKAL-MACRO -- An integrated energy-environmental-economic decision tool: Evaluation of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Green Lights/Energy Star Buildings Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, J.C.; Goldstein, G.A. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Linkey, E. [Environmental Protection Agency, New York, NY (United States); Huang, J.I. [InfoLink, Inc., Taipei (Taiwan, Province of China)

    1997-12-31

    The MARKAL-MACRO model is used to evaluate the cost effectiveness and market potential in Taiwan for technologies which are promoted by the US Environmental Protection Agency Green Lights and Energy Star Buildings Programs. Comparative analysis of the model results show that these technologies are economically more competitive than conventional technologies and are projected to be dominant in the market place in meeting retrofit and future energy demands in commercial buildings under least-cost energy planning strategies.

  14. Potential of Green Construction in Malaysia: Industrialised Building System (IBS vs Traditional Construction Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mydin M.A.O

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is conducted to compare between the two approaches of construction. It is carried out through case studies on construction sites, distribution of a total of 100 questionnaires as well as interviewing respondents who are related to this discourse. The case studies for this research were carried out at four construction sites within the Malaysian state of Penang. Two case studies used Industrialised Building System method while the remaining two deployed the traditional method of construction. Based on the analysis of obtained results, it can be surmised that the Industrialised Building System approach has more to offer compared to the traditional method. Among these advantages are; reduced construction durations, reduced overall cost, reduced labour requirements, better site conditions and the production of components of higher quality among others. This study also managed to determine the perceptions of key players in the industry and their rationales in preferring the traditional approach while at the same time, admitting to the edges offered by the Industrialised Building System.

  15. 日本办公建筑的绿色生态设计及其评价%Green eco-design and evaluation of Japanese office buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢韵琴

    2014-01-01

    介绍了日本2个绿色办公建筑实例及其获得的评价,总结了新建和改建办公建筑的主要绿色技术亮点,阐述了自然采光、可再生能源利用、室内舒适性空调设计等方面的绿色生态设计手法,供国内同行参考与借鉴。%Presents two well-known green office buildings and their appraisal in Japan,summarizes the main green technology used in new and reconstruction office buildings,and expounds the green eco-design methods in the aspects of natural light utilization,renewable energy utilization,indoor comfort air conditioning design etc,providing references for peer designers and engineers.

  16. Strengthen the Green Building Construction to Promote the Harmonious Development of Ecological Environment%加强绿色建筑施工促进生态环境和谐发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈岐冲

    2013-01-01

    绿色建筑是建筑业的发展趋势,为了加强绿色的建设,本文从绿色施工技术的应用与绿色建筑的施工质量控制两个方面对绿色建筑施工进行探讨,以可能促进我国绿色建筑的发展。%The green building is the development trend of co-nstruction industry, in order to strengthen the green constru-ction, this paper discusses green building construction from two aspects of the application technology construction and quality control of green construction green building, to prom-ote the development of green building in china.

  17. The Application Analysis of Green Building Design Concept in Building Design%绿色建筑设计理念在房屋设计中的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宇波

    2014-01-01

    Human survival environment is deteriorating, and the environmental protection concept go deep into each of the industry, then using green building materials, energy saving low consumption gradual y becomes the overal design thought. This paper introduces the basic principle of green design and discusses how to apply the green design idea in building de-sign.%人类生存环境日渐恶化,环保理念随之深入到每个行业中,使用绿色、节能低耗建材逐渐成为总体设计思想。本文介绍了绿色建筑设计的基本原则,探讨了在房屋设计中如何应用绿色设计理念。

  18. Green Roofs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2004-08-01

    A New Technology Demonstration Publication Green roofs can improve the energy performance of federal buildings, help manage stormwater, reduce airborne emissions, and mitigate the effects of urban heat islands.

  19. Green Solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU LING

    2010-01-01

    @@ World Expo's China Pavilion is a large crimson building,but it's green at heart.The pavilion,a magnificent symbol of Chinese culture,is also a "green landmark" on the world stage,thanks to German company Siemens' energy-saving solutions.

  20. Combination of Green Concept and Intelligent Buildings%绿色理念在智能建筑中的结合体现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田福江

    2014-01-01

    本文根据绿色理念的定义、现状及发展与建筑的智能化的定义,基本情况以及智能化建筑的特点以及未来构建的发展相融合,制定出了绿色环保智能化的建筑评定标准,为这一方面的人才提供了一个良好的发展机会与平台。%This paper, according to the definition, status and development of green concept, and definition, basic situation and characteristics of inteligent building, and the integration of inteligent buildings in future, worked out the evaluation st- andard for green building inteligent, to provide a good devel- opment opportunity and platform for the hand of the people.

  1. Controlled evaporative cooling on a superhydrophilic surface: building a green wall

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Suin; Shin, Sangwoo; Meggers, Forrest; Bou-Zeid, Elie; Stone, Howard A.

    2016-11-01

    We propose a way to design of an evaporative cooling device using continuous water flow on a superhydrophilic surface. Continuous flow helps prevent contaminant fouling on the surface of the cooler, which is a major challenge for conventional evaporative (swamp) coolers. A superhydrophilic surface leads to a reduced coolant flow rate, allowing for a maximum ratio of evaporative heat transfer to coolant thermal mass. Also, a staggered structure increases the surface area of the thin film flow of water which results in higher cooling efficiency. We performed both experimental and theoretical studies on the temperature change in the thin film flow of water. By keeping the water film thickness below 100 μm, 5 K of temperature drop in the device was achieved. The cooling device can be manufactured using conventional cost-effective processes, offering practical applications in energy-efficient buildings.

  2. Greening the high-rises: An essay on the different possibilities of using green in high-rise buildings in China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schut, E.

    2011-01-01

    This paper is written for the TIDO-course AR0532 Smart & Bioclimatic Design Theory. In this paper are discussed the specific characteristics of the climate in Chengdu, the effects of green on the quality of life in the built environment en the possibilities for integrating green in high-rise buildi

  3. New Materials for the Undergraduate Classroom to Build Pre-Service Teachers' NGSS Skills and Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egger, A. E.; Awad, A. A.; Baldwin, K. A.; Birnbaum, S. J.; Bruckner, M. Z.; DeBari, S. M.; Dechaine, J.; Ebert, J. R.; Gray, K. R.; Hauge, R.; Linneman, S. R.; Monet, J.; Thomas, J.; Varrella, G.

    2014-12-01

    As part of InTeGrate, teams of 3 instructors at 3 different institutions developed modules that help prepare pre-service teachers to teach Earth science aligned with the NGSS. Modules were evaluated against a rubric, which addresses InTeGrate's five guiding principles, learning objectives and outcomes, assessment and measurement, resources and materials, instructional strategies and alignment. As all modules must address one or more Earth-related grand challenge facing society, develop student ability to address interdisciplinary problems, improve student understanding of the methods of geoscience, use authentic geoscience data, and incorporate systems thinking, they align well with the NGSS. Once modules passed the rubric, they were tested by the authors in their classrooms. Testing included pre- and post-assessment of geoscience literacy and assessment of student learning towards the module goal; materials were revised based on the results of testing. In "Exploring Geoscience Methods with Secondary Education Students," pre-service science teachers compare geoscientific thinking with the classic (experimental) scientific method, investigate global climate change and its impacts on human systems, and prepare an interdisciplinary lesson plan that addresses geoscience methods in context of a socioscientific issue. In "Soils and Society," pre-service elementary teachers explore societal issues where soil is important, develop skills to describe and test soil properties, and create a standards-based Soils and Society Kit that consists of lessons and supporting materials to teach K-8 students about a soil-and-society issue. In "Interactions between Water, Earth's Surface, and Human Activity," students explore the effects of running water on shaping Earth's surface both over geologic time and through short-term flooding events, and produce a brochure to inform citizens of the impact of living near a river. The modules are freely available at http

  4. Green thermodynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cengel, Y.A. [Nevada Univ., Reno, NV (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    2006-07-01

    Green components of thermodynamics were identified and general aspects of green practices associated with thermodynamics were assessed. Energy uses associated with fossil fuels were reviewed. Green energy sources such as solar, wind, geothermal and hydropower were discussed, as well as biomass plantations. Ethanol production practices were reviewed. Conservation practices in the United States were outlined. Energy efficiency and exergy analyses were discussed. Energy intensity measurements and insulation products for houses were also reviewed. Five case studies were presented to illustrate aspects of green thermodynamics: (1) light in a classroom; (2) fuel saved by low-resistance tires; and (3) savings with high-efficiency motors; (4) renewable energy; and (5) replacing a valve with a turbine at a cryogenic manufacturing facility. It was concluded that the main principles of green thermodynamics are to ensure that all material and energy inputs minimize the depletion of energy resources; prevent waste; and improve or innovate technologies that achieve sustainability. 17 refs., 2 tabs., 9 figs.

  5. Analysis of the Application of Green Building Design Philosophy in Building Design%浅析房屋设计中绿色建筑设计理念的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁晶

    2014-01-01

    The path of sustainable development has been wi-dely accepted, construction industry also began to bring the green building design philosophy into the design field. This article mainly introduces the meaning, characters, design prin-ciples of green buildings and the concrete application in bui-lding design.%可持续发展的道路得到了人们的广泛推崇,建筑行业也开始将环保建筑设计理念纳入设计领域。本文主要介绍了绿色建筑的含义、特点、设计原则以及其设计理念在房屋设计中的具体应用。

  6. Green Building Design for Jishui Wuxi T-PARK%绿色建筑设计理念下的积水无锡太科园项目

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞正方; 杨洁; 黄强

    2013-01-01

    在当前国家大力推动绿色建筑发展的背景下,从“节地与室外环境、节能与能源利用、节水与水资源利用、节材与材料资源利用、室内环境质量”等五个方面,分析积水无锡太科园项目的绿色建筑设计情况,并详细介绍了保证项目达到二星级绿色建筑标准的亮点技术。通过分析绿色建筑技术的成本增量及年节省费用,得到项目的静态回收周期为4.3年。项目在绿色建筑设计方面的考量可以作为同类型项目打造绿色建筑的参考,具有较好的示范意义。%The green design of Jishui Wuxi T-PARK is analyzed from five aspects, including land saving and outdoor environment, ener-gy conservation and energy utilization, water saving and water resource utilization, material saving and material resource utilization and indoor environment quality; and enlightening techniques for meeting two-star green building standard are expounded in details in the trend of na-tional vigorous development of green buildings. The static payback period of the project is 4.3 years according to the cost increment of green building techniques and cost savings. The green building design consideration in this project can be used as reference of the same kind of projects in future with good demonstration significance.

  7. Green building. Pioneer on the way to the 'near-zero energy building'. Sustainable planning; Green Building. Vorreiter auf dem Weg zum 'Fast-Null-Energiehaus'. Nachhaltig Planen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bauer, Michael [Drees und Sommer Advanced Building Technologies GmbH, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    From today's perspective, the future requirements for the energy-saving construction are formulated pretty clear. At the turn of the year 2012/2013, the amendment of the Energy Conservation Act will come into force. At the turn of the year 2015/2016, a further amendment is expected in order to implement the EU requirements in the 'near-zero energy buildings' at 2019/2020.

  8. Green building retrofits : North Vancouver School District : case studies of the Energy Innovators Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greenwald, R. [Prism Engineering Ltd., Burnaby, BC (Canada)

    2001-07-01

    This PowerPoint presentation included several viewgraphs describing case studies of the Energy Innovators Program developed by Natural Resources Canada with particular focus on how the program has been applied to retrofitting school buildings belonging to the North Vancouver School District. The presentation included audit findings, and a review of the implementation processes, financing, risk mitigation and incentives. The process begins with a site visit and an inventory of systems and equipment, followed by an analysis of energy use, lighting, mechanical performance and water consumption. The paper presented statistics on energy and water use in schools of the North Vancouver School District. A breakdown of energy use showed that most electrical energy was used for lighting, while most gas energy was used for heating. Existing operating costs for electricity, natural gas and water were also presented. The measures that were taken to reduce lighting costs included retrofitting fluorescent fixtures. This represented a savings of 2,430,000 kWh and a cost saving of $188,000 for a payback period of 8.6 years. Measures to improve mechanical performance included night set backs, hot water scheduling, reduction in pump operating hours, stack dampers for boilers, and occupancy sensors. These measures also contributed to significant cost savings and a payback period of 5 years. Water conservation measures included the installation of water metering units. The entire retrofit project resulted in a 28 per cent electrical savings, 19 per cent gas savings, and a $428,000 annual savings. The water project resulted in a 70 per cent water consumption savings, and a $230,000 annual savings. The environmental benefit of the project was that greenhouse gases, which contribute to global warming, were reduced. Annual carbon dioxide emissions were reduced by about 1,100 tons and water shortage concerns were minimized. tabs., figs.

  9. Life cycle cost benefit assessments for green buildings%绿色建筑全生命周期成本效益评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹申; 董聪

    2012-01-01

    Cost benefit assessments are important for life cycle assessments of green buildings.This paper categorizes the various costs generated over the whole life cycle of green buildings in terms of the generation time for life cycle cost benefit analyses of green buildings.These consider possible changes of resource prices,the discount rate and the generation time of non-annual costs during the building's operating phase.The model is then used for cost benefit assessments of green buildings to evaluate the life cycle costs of water conservation facilities of a green residential community.The results show that the incremental cost of a green building compared with a conventional building can be recovered by cost control and savings during its life cycle.Management costs and equipment service lives are both important to effective cost control.%成本效益评价是绿色建筑全生命周期评价的重要内容之一。本文按照成本发生时间对绿色建筑全生命周期内产生的各项成本进行分类,建立绿色建筑全生命周期成本分析模型,其中考虑价格、折现率和非年度周期成本发生时间等因素变动所带来的影响,进而提出绿色建筑全生命周期成本效益评价方法,并对某居住区的节水措施进行全生命周期成本效益评价。评价结果表明:通过有效控制成本并提高节约效益,绿色建筑相对普通建筑的增量成本有可能会在其全生命周期内得到回收,控制管理成本和延长设备使用寿命是实现成本控制的有效途径。

  10. 绿色建筑增量成本全过程控制研究%Lifecycle Incremental Cost Control of Green Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑晓云; 杨婷

    2014-01-01

    In recent years,the number of green buildings in China is growing fast while the overall size is still small. The vague understanding of green building incremental cost and the short-sighted idea of cost control are key factors affecting the implementation and promotion of green building. Definitions of green building and its incremental cost are given. On this basis,the lifecycle incremental costs of green building are classified according to the different phases of a project. what's more,main points of the lifecycle incremental cost in different phases like the decision making and designing phase,constructing phase,maintenance phase and recycling phase are proposed in the light of the main factors affecting it. This may have great practical significance on the gradual improvement of relevant theories and the acceleration of marketization of green building.%近年来,我国绿色建筑发展迅速,但总体规模仍较小。对绿色建筑增量成本认识的模糊及对成本控制的短视思想是影响其实施和推广的关键因素。在明确绿色建筑及其增量成本具体内涵的基础上,将绿色建筑全生命周期增量成本按照项目实施阶段的不同进行了分类,并针对影响增量成本控制的主要因素,提出了项目前期决策与设计、施工、使用与维护以及回收利用阶段增量成本全过程控制的要点,对绿色建筑相关理论的逐步完善及绿色建筑市场化的加速具有重要的现实意义。

  11. Analysis on Incremental Cost of Public Building Enforced with Green Building Standard in Chongqing%重庆市公共建筑强制执行绿色建筑标准增量成本分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓瑛鹏; 何丹

    2014-01-01

    The changing situation of the incremental cost of the public buildings enforced with the technical content of"integrated utilization of building environment design and resources"in Chapter 7 of Design Standard for Energy-saving Public Buildings (Green Building) is analyzed. Six analysis sam-ples are made in accordance with the reality of public buildings in Chongqing and the technical scheme of green building are analyzed with the document issued by Municipal and Rural Construction Committee of Chongqing. Also, the incremental cost situations of the technical measures for green buildings are fully analyzed.%该文分析了重庆市公共建筑项目在执行《公共建筑节能(绿色建筑)设计标准》第7章“建筑环境设计与资源综合利用”技术内容后的增量成本变化情况。文章根据重庆市公共建筑实际情况分别设定了6个分析样本,并根据重庆市城乡建设委员会发布的《重庆市建设工程设计文件编制技术规定建筑节能与绿色建筑专篇(公共建筑部分)》设定分析样本的绿色建筑技术方案,全面分析了其绿色建筑技术措施的增量成本情况。

  12. Green building assessment based on back propagation neural network%基于BP神经网络的绿色建筑评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓娟

    2012-01-01

    绿色建筑是指在建筑的全寿命周期内,最大限度地节约资源,保护环境和减少污染,为人们提供健康、适用和高效的使用空间,与自然和谐共生.根据绿色建筑的特点,确立绿色建筑评价指标体系,并运用管理理论中的层次分析法(AHP)和模糊综合评价方法(Fuzzv),提出了人工神经网络(ANN)评价模型.评估结果表明,该评价体系用于绿色建筑等级综合评价是快速、有效的.%According to the characteristic features of the so-called "green building" , this paper takes it as its mission to introduce its idea and model of green building assessment, in which we have given its definition and main factors and indexes for such assessment. First of all, it is necessary to define the idea of "green building". By " green building" we mean the construction which practices the principle of saving energy resources, protecting environment and reducing pollution to the maximum limit, and in turn providing its users with healthy service, and efficient use of the space, 玭d the natural harmonious paragenesis for its entire life cycle. To our knowledge, it is possible for the AHP (analytical hierarchical process) method to be used to demonstrate the relative importance of the assessment index combined with the membership degree of each assessment index by means of the fuzzy membership degree function. At the same time, we have put forward an artificial neural network (ANN) assessment model to make comprehensive assessment of such buildings via analytic hierarchy process ( AHP) and fuzzy comprehensive assessment method (Fuzzy), in addition to training and testing of the BP model as well as MATLAB software. Then, a corresponding green building assessment model has been well improved with regard to the constraint condition of data and the advantages of factor system restructuring analysis in addition to the principal componential analysis in data processing. Last of all, we have chosen some Fujian

  13. Multitiered Support Framework for Teachers' Classroom-Management Practices: Overview and Case Study of Building the Triangle for Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonsen, Brandi; MacSuga-Gage, Ashley S.; Briere, Donald E.; Freeman, Jennifer; Myers, Diane; Scott, Terrance M.; Sugai, George

    2014-01-01

    Many teachers enter the field without sufficient training in classroom management and continue to experience challenges throughout their careers. Therefore, school-based leaders need a multi-tiered support (MTS) framework to (a) provide training to all teachers in classroom management (Tier 1), (b) identify teachers who require additional…

  14. Canadian practitioners' perception of research work investigating the cost premiums, long-term costs and health and productivity benefits of green buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Issa, M.H.; Rankin, J.H.; Christian, A.J. [Department of Civil Engineering, University of New Brunswick, PO Box 4400, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Canada)

    2010-07-15

    Despite evidence suggesting conflicting views between practitioners and researchers when it comes to estimating the costs and financial benefits of green buildings, there exists no research work that has attempted to investigate practitioners' perception, and in particular Canadian practitioners', of the work conducted by researchers. To fill this gap in the literature, a web-based anonymous survey was administered to 1200 LEED accredited professionals in Canada to assess, among other things, practitioners' awareness, and confidence in research work assessing the cost premiums, long-term cost benefits, and health and productivity benefits of green buildings. The statistical analysis of the data using t-tests and mixed-model ANOVA tests showed that Canadian practitioners were still uncertain about results of the literature. Despite a slow change in attitudes the longer they worked in the field, practitioners continued to identify high cost premiums as the primary barrier to investing in green practices, and energy cost savings as the most important type of savings incurred in green buildings. The majority were uncertain about the size and impact of productivity and health benefits, and about how best to measure them. First-time adopters of LEED usually found the cost and complexity of the system prohibitive. Many believed that the decision to go green rested ultimately with the owner. That is why future research work needs to focus on improving knowledge transfer between practitioners and researchers and on improving the rigour and accuracy of the literature by using more empirical data, and getting practitioners to endorse research work in the field. (author) )

  15. 建筑施工管理及绿色建筑施工管理分析%Analysis on construction management and green building construction management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章勇

    2015-01-01

    对建筑施工进度管理、质量管理、安全管理及成本管理进行了研究,并从节约能耗、避免污染、废弃物排放、噪声控制等角度分析了绿色建筑施工方法,探讨了施工管理及绿色施工两者的关系,以创造出优质的建筑。%This paper researched the construction schedule management,quality management,safety management and cost management,and from the energy saving,avoid pollution,waste emissions,noise control and other views analyzed the green building construction method,dis-cussed the relationship of construction management and green construction,to create the high quality building.

  16. The formation of a multidisciplinary team for the design of a green building; La formation d`une equipe pluridisciplinaire pour la conception d`un batiment vert

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cote, E.

    1997-04-01

    The concept of a green building is based on the principle of designing an energy efficient building, to be constructed or renovated in such a way that the total energy system is sustainable. In practice this means that maintenance and operating costs can be kept to a minimum. This paper discussed the importance of gaining input from experts in energy systems, based on the conviction that cooperation and team work will make for a total energy system in which the various components will work in harmony with each other.

  17. The investigation of the impacts of walls and green facades on the optimization of energy consumption in buildings and its role in a sustainable development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Heidarian

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades,artificial environments, compared to the natural spaces in urban areas, areexpanding day by day. Following the same trend in Iran, apartment living framewithout any natural space has changed. And it is while the need to nature isstill alive in human beings. Moreover, all over the world due to major problemssuch as global warming, air and water pollution, excessive energy consumptionand its high economic costs, utilizing technologies of sustainable architectureand specially creating green buildings has got great importance. In thisregard, the use of green areas can be used as appropriate strategy in order tosolve existing problems and creating sustainable architecture. In this paperwith research method based on library studies and descriptive analyticapproach, green walls, to improve the energy consumption efficiency inbuildings, have been investigated. And also the role of these systems in visualaesthetics of urban area in line with the objectives of sustainable developmentis examined. It seems that using green walls as a way to reduce the energyconsumption in buildings can be an effective option to advance the goals ofsustainablearchitecture.

  18. Analysis of Green Building System and Low- carbon Economy%浅析绿色建筑体系与低碳经济

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚迪; 袁啸; 雷鸣

    2012-01-01

    Based on research of relevant materials at home and abroad, this paper reviewed the the green building system from the perspective of history, definition and current status. Combined with a growing focus on low - carbon economy, the standards, construction materials and design of green building system were analyzed from an economic and environmental point of view. Green building systems, an important component of low - carbon economic development, will be promote the development of low - carbon economy, enabling concept of low - carbon economy to be better applied to the real practice. The prospects of green building system is also discussed.%通过查阅国内外相关资料,对绿色建筑体系从历史、定义及现状方面进行了简单论述,并结合日益受到重视的低碳经济,从经济与环保角度,对绿色建筑体系的标准、建材、设计等方面进行分析,阐明作为低碳经济发展重要组成部分的绿色建筑体系,将如何促进低碳经济的实现,使低碳经济这一概念更好地运用于现实,并对绿色建筑体系的发展进行了展望。

  19. What users said about urban green space: A challenge for building the resilient city of Banjarbaru, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krisdianto

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available As providers of ecosystem services, green spaces within the city of Banjarbaru, Indonesia, have significant benefits for the wellbeing of residents. A case study examining user opinion regarding the importance of urban green space was conducted during the last three semesters of 2011-2012, with around 800 respondents participating in a 24-question interview. The users questioned expressed their opinion of existing green spaces and also gave suggestions as to how to sustainably manage green space for a resilient city. Direct observation of 46 green spaces was conducted to complement the interview data, with the variables observed including the presence of benches and tables, sports fields, running tracks and machines for physical exercise, as well as vegetation types and abundance. A synthesis analysis method was used both to elaborate respondents’ opinions and suggestions, green space condition and literature data, and to synthesise a conclusion from a social-ecological viewpoint. To summarise, although respondents were willing to support the creation of a resilient city through green space-based sustainable development, and enjoy spending their time doing activities in the provided green spaces, some had little experience of green city programmes, while others also believed that existing green spaces need to be better managed in order for their environmental, social and economic benefits to be developed.

  20. On energy-saving of central air-conditioners in green buildings%绿色建筑中央空调节能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯润娣

    2011-01-01

    阐述了绿色建筑的含义及我国绿色建筑的发展现状,指出建筑节能成为绿色建筑的核心内容,分析了中央空调系统在许多企业中所占的能耗比例越来越大,通过对中央空调实施有效的节能措施,达到节能的效果。%The paper illustrates the concept of the green buildings and the development status for the green buildings in China,points out the architectural energy-saving as the core content for the green buildings,analyzes the increasing consumption percentage of the central air-conditioner system in many enterprises,so as to achieve the energy-saving effect by implementing the effective energy-saving measures for the central air-conditioners.

  1. 太阳能利用在绿色建筑设计中的应用%Application of Solar Energy in Green Building Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦永丽

    2011-01-01

    太阳能是一种绿色的可再生能源,绿色建筑的设计理念就是充分利用太阳能等可再生能源以减少建筑和居住生活中的能耗,太阳能的利用在绿色建筑中具有巨大的市场潜力.由于造价和技术等方面的原因,太阳能在建筑中的使用是有限的,要充分挖掘太阳能的市场潜力,必须不断钻研,开拓创新,用先进的技术引领太阳能的充分利用.%Solar energy is a green and renewable energy. The green building design concept is to make full use of solar and other renewable energy to reduce energy consumption of construction and residential life. Using solar energy in green building has huge market potential. For the cost and technical reasons, the use of solar energy in buildings is limited. To fully tap the market potential of solar energy, we must continue to study, explore and innovate, and use advanced technology to lead the full use of solar energy.

  2. 公共租赁住房绿色建筑适用技术研究%Study on Applicable Technologies for Green Buildings of Public Rental Housing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨靖

    2015-01-01

    根据国家“十二五”中长期规划,我国公共租赁住房的建设,应在成本控制的基础上,选用适用的绿色技术,达到最大限度的建筑节能及环保。文章根据公共租赁住房中的住宅和配套公建的特点,研究适用的绿色建筑技术,并将公共租赁住房中的住宅与配套公建进行整体考虑与设计,形成相应的技术目录,为公共租赁住房的绿色建筑设计提供参考。%According to the "Twelfth Five-Year" long term planning of China, the construction of Chinese public rental housing shall choose green technologies on the basis of cost-control for realizing building energy efficiency and environmental protection at the maximum degree. The paper studies applicable green building technologies according to the features of residential housing and supporting public facilities in public rental housing as well as carries out integral consideration and design on residential housing and supporting public facilities to form corresponding technical catalogue for reference in green building design of public rental housing.

  3. 我国绿色建筑评价体系的分析%Analysis of Evaluation Index System of Green Building in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李荣轶

    2015-01-01

    "Green building"came into being in the 1970 s in the west ,our country in recent years also gradually pay attention to this problem ,some standards and regulations are introduced .This article analyzes the evaluation index system of green building in our country and its development situation ,and puts forward some plans for perfecting the construction of evaluation index system of green building .%“绿色建筑”于20世纪70年代在西方国家应运而生,我国在近年也逐步重视这一问题,出台了一些标准与法规。笔者在对我国绿色建筑、绿色建筑的评价指标以及绿色建筑发展状况进行剖析之后,提出了完善评价指标体系构建的几点建议。

  4. Green building design oriented to the whole life cycle%面向全寿命周期的绿色建筑设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖开春

    2015-01-01

    the construction is an important industry in our country social development, development of construction industry and construction quality have significant correlation. In the process of building a socialist harmonious society, take the road of sustainable development, the development of green economy, environmental protection, economy economy is the important content of social development in our country. The construction industry as a large energy consumption industry, plays an important role in the development of green building. Green building design in this paper is oriented to the whole life cycle was analyzed.%建筑是我国社会发展的一个重要行业,建筑行业的发展与建筑质量有着重大关联。在构建社会主义和谐社会过程中,走可持续发展道路,发展绿色经济、环保经济、节约经济是我国社会发展的重要内容。建筑行业作为一个能耗大行业,发展绿色建筑有着重要的意义。本文就面向全寿命周期的绿色建筑设计进行了相关的分析。

  5. Green building technique application to a commercial complex%商业综合体绿色建筑技术应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏春海; 刘鹏

    2012-01-01

    Studies the object building which was awarded China's two-star, green building design certification. The complex involves some green building techniques such as performance simulation verification, roof greening, water permeable pavement, extract air heat recovery, natural ventilation, daylighting, CO2 gas concentration monitoring, etc. According to the characteristics of commercial complex such as large volume, multi-function and high energy consumption, proposes adopting passive energy-saving measures, designing stereoscopic landscape, optimizing HVAC system design, energy consumption monitoring.%对获得国家二星级绿色建筑设计标识认证的某商业综合体进行了研究,该项目采用了性能模拟验证、屋顶绿化、透水地面、排风热回收、自然通风、自然采光、CO2浓度监测等绿色建筑技术.针对商业综合体体量大、功能多、能耗高的特点,提出采用被动式节能措施、立体景观设计、优化空调系统设计、实施能耗监测等对策.

  6. 以生活为基础,构建高效政治课堂%On the Basis of Life,Building Effective Political Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桑志霞

    2014-01-01

    The building based on political life not only to mobilize the enthusiasm of the students in the classroom,and learning to improve students’ practical ability and efficiency also plays an irreplaceable role. Therefore,from the perspective of life,laying a solid foundation for the realization of efficient classroom.%构建以生活为基础的政治课堂不仅能够调动学生的学习积极性,而且对提高学生的应用能力和学习效率也起着不可替代的作用。因此,从生活角度入手,为高效课堂的实现打下坚实的基础。

  7. Research Experience for Teachers at NRAO-Green Bank: Planning for Cometary Observations with the Green Bank Telescope and Its Application to Chemistry Classroom Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hynes, Christopher; Lockman, F. J.; Lovell, A.

    2010-01-01

    The NSF-funded "Research Experience for Teachers" project provides teachers an opportunity to work on a current scientific or engineering research project. This paper will describe the development of a Python program as a further expansion of a previous mathematical model3 designed to simulate cometary data collected by the Green Bank Telescope (GBT). The program allows for user interaction to change parameters such as the comet's distance from the sun, the rate of production of gaseous outflows, lifetime of these gaseous particles and maximum limit for how many gas particles are generated. Furthermore this paper will present results of how students can write their own Python programming code to manipulate these parameters to generate velocity profiles of the out gassed chemical species. Students should be enlightened that Science can be cross disciplinary. Several concepts in Chemistry: sublimation, electromagnetic spectrum, quantum mechanics, gas behavior and chemical kinetics play an important role in the formation of a comet cloud and how that cloud could be observed using radio astronomy. Chemical species such as HCN, CS and HCO+1 have been observed in cometary clouds. The chemical composition of the cloud and its size are a function of its distance from the sun and the radial location from the center of the comet cloud. High-school students at the Louisiana School for Math, Science and the Arts, LA will learn Python programming language to create a mathematical model of a cometary cloud. The students will have formulated models for rate of sublimation, rate of photo-dissociation, and velocity of gas particles as the fundamental framework to determine frequencies and intensities of the molecular spectra. The students will be able to manipulate their code to create various comet cloud scenarios as it might be observed by the GBT.

  8. Teaching Practice and Pondering of Green Building Design Based on Building Performance Simulation Technology%基于建筑性能模拟技术的绿色建筑设计教学实践与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗德新; 曾旭东; 王景阳

    2012-01-01

    可持续发展理论促进了生态城市和绿色建筑的发展,建筑教育需要积极地将相关内容融入原有的教学体系中。建筑性能模拟技术可以为绿色建筑设计提供技术支撑,本文列举了不同类型的建筑性能模拟软件的各自特点与适用范围,介绍了绿色建筑系列毕业设计课程教学中准备阶段、中期阶段和成果阶段的教学过程,以及在不同阶段运用数字技术的方法,总结了教学中遇到的问题及经验,提出了建立绿色建筑教学体系的思考与展望。%The development of ecological city and green building has been pushed up by the thoughts of sustainable development, and the architectural education should integrate the related content of green building into the original teaching system step by step. Building performance simulation technology can provide the technical support for green building design. This paper summarized the respective characteristics and applicable scopes of various building performance simulation software, and introduced the teaching process of graduation design in preparatory stage, middle stage and outcome stage and the different digital technology methods in each stage. It also made a summary of the encountered problems and the experience in the teaching process and prospected the future work.

  9. The "Green" Root Beer Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clary, Renee; Wandersee, James

    2010-01-01

    No, your students will not be drinking green root beer for St. Patrick's Day--this "green" root beer laboratory promotes environmental awareness in the science classroom, and provides a venue for some very sound science content! While many science classrooms incorporate root beer-brewing activities, the root beer lab presented in this article has…

  10. Build a Green City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUYING; HAOXUE

    2005-01-01

    MA'ANSHAN,dubbed ""City of Iron and Steel,""is on the south bank of the Yangtze River in eastern Anhui Province, bordering Jiangsu Province. One of the city's most impressive features is its clean environment.

  11. Building Design & Construction - Sustainability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2003-11-01

    Offers a brief history of green building; presents the results of a specially commissioned survey; and analyzes the chief trends, issues, and published research, based on interviews with dozens of experts and participants in green building.

  12. Green Building Supplier Selection Based on Catastrophe Progression Method%基于突变级数法的绿色建筑供应商选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查京民; 宋冠秀

    2015-01-01

    Based on characteristic analysis of green building suppliers,two indicators of green level and cooperation potential were set to evaluate suppliers’ ability of long green cooperation except product level and enterprise capabilities,which were indicators in traditional supply chain. According to the difference between green building suppliers,the concept of common index and individual index were introduced to evaluate different kinds of supplier. When using the catastrophe progression method to select suppliers,the sequence of index represent the importance of indicators. An evaluation steps using catastrophe progression method was given. The catastrophe progression method was verified by an example of green construction supplier.%通过对绿色建筑供应商独特性进行分析,在传统供应链产品水平和企业能力两大评价指标外,加入了绿色能力和合作潜力指标,对供应商的长期绿色合作能力进行评价,同时针对绿色建筑供应商间的角色差异引入了共性指标和个性指标的概念,对不同类的供应商进行区别评价。在运用突变级数法对绿色建筑供应商进行选择时,以评价指标的排序反映指标的重要程度。根据突变级数法确定绿色建筑供应商选择的评价步骤,并以5家绿色施工供应商为例验证了方法的适用性。

  13. 基于遗传算法的绿色建筑优化设计%Green Building Design Optimization Based on Genetic Algorithm Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李涛; 林尧林; 杨薇

    2016-01-01

    Many architects feel that building energy standards are complex and inconvenient in designing green buildings . Considering the advantages of using genetic-algorithm in multi-objective optimization, the genetic algorithm is combined with building energy simulation software for green building design optimization. A typical residential building in Wuhan is selected for study. A number of parameters, including building orientation , window-to-wall ratio , compositions of external wall and roof structure , heating temperature set points, cooling temperature set points, shading factor and glazing type, are selected to reduce the building energy consumption and minimize the construction cost. The outcomes from the optimization are compared with current green building design guideline, and new values for a number of parameters are suggested to be utilized for design reference.%建筑师在实际运用建筑节能设计标准过程中感觉标准较复杂、不方便。将遗传算法在多目标优化设计中的优势与建筑能耗仿真软件结合起来,建立一套绿色建筑优化设计方法或模型。以武汉地区住宅建筑为例,在最低能耗与最低成本的目标控制下,同时,优化设计建筑朝向、窗墙比、外墙构造、屋面构造、采暖温度设定点、空调温度设定点、遮阳系数、窗户玻璃类型的组合因素。将优化结果与现有绿色节能建筑设计规范进行对比,给出了绿色建筑设计中部分参数的新的参考值。

  14. Application of BIM in Green Energy-saving Building Design%建筑绿色节能设计中BIM的应用探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯智华

    2014-01-01

    建筑行业的能源利用效率低下是我国建筑设计长期面临的问题之一。BIM技术在三维数字技术的基础上,通过数字信息仿真建立了建筑物真实信息建筑模型,在建筑的绿色节能设计上发挥着重要的积极作用。%The low energy efficiency of construction industry is one of the long-term chal enges Chinese architectural design facing. BIM technology based on the 3D digital technology, establishes building model with real information of building through digital simulation information, plays an important role in the green building energy saving design.

  15. Modeling, simulation and analysis of the evacuation process on stairs in a multi-floor classroom building of a primary school

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wenhang; Li, Yi; Yu, Ping; Gong, Jianhua; Shen, Shen; Huang, Lin; Liang, Jianming

    2017-03-01

    Few studies have focused on the evacuation of multi-floor classroom buildings in a primary school, a process that differs from evacuations in other buildings. A stair-unit model was proposed to describe the spatial topology of twisting stairwells and to describe the spatial relationship between stairwells and floors. Based on the stair-unit model, a schedule-line model was proposed to calculate evacuation paths in stair-units; a modified algorithm to calculate pedestrian forces were proposed to describe the evacuee movements in stairwells; and a projection strategy was proposed to model the 3-dimensional evacuation process in multi-floor buildings. The simulated processes were compared with a real evacuation drill. The results showed that the simulated process achieved qualitative and quantitative consistencies with the real drill, proving the appropriateness of the proposed models and algorithms. Based on the validation, further simulations were conducted and a few rules for evacuations in stairwells were identified including rules governing the impact of the moment of entering a staircase, the number of students in a class, the stagger strategy, and the layout of grades on different floors on the time in stairwell and the total evacuation duration. The results can be used to mitigate the effects of a fire disaster, and the proposed models and algorithms can also be referenced by evacuation simulation for other multi-floor buildings such as residential buildings.

  16. The Comparison of Chinese Green Building Evaluation Standard and British Code for Sustainable Home%中国绿色住宅评价标准和英国可持续住宅标准的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡芳芳; 王元丰

    2011-01-01

    Developing green building is an important method for China to deal with the challenge of climate change, which can promote energy and resource conservation and environmental protection. The standard of green buildings plays an important role in promoting the development of green building. In this paper, through the introduction of two green building evaluation systems of Green Building Evaluation Standard of China and the Code for Sustainable Home of Britain, the similarities and differences of evaluation indexes, evaluation criterions and evaluation methods of these two systems were studied. Some helpful conclusions for improving the Chinese green building evaluation system were obtained.%发展绿色建筑促进建筑业节约能源和资源、保护环境,是中国应对气候变化挑战、实现可持续发展的重要手段,而标准对于促进绿色建筑发展具有重要作用.本文介绍了中国(GB/T 50378-2006)与英国,并通过对比两国评价体系中评价指标、评价标准及评价方法的异同,得出了针对我国现有绿色建筑评价体系的一些改进性结论.

  17. 绿色建筑经济性评价指标体系的建立及方案比较%Establishing Index System of Green Building Economic Evaluation and Choosing Scheme

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳; 余萍

    2012-01-01

    绿色建筑经济性评价对绿色建筑的推广至关重要,而目前我国尚缺少绿色建筑的经济性评价指标及方法.根据全寿命周期理论和《绿色建筑评价标准》,尝试建立绿色建筑经济性评价指标体系,并利用AHP和灰色关联理论的数学方法,对绿色建筑不同方案的经济性进行比较.该指标体系清晰明确,比选方法简单易行,能够为绿色建筑的推广提供理论依据.%Green building economic evaluation is vital for promoting the green building. However,green building economic evaluation index and methods was lacking in our country. This paper has combined the life cycle theory with the current green building evaluation standard,to try tried to establish the green building economy evaluation index system,choosing economy of different scheme by using AHP and the grey relation theory in mathematics. The index system is clear,the methods chosen is simple. This paper can provide theoretical basis for the promotion of green building.

  18. Xuzhou Low-cost Green Building Development and Its Economy%徐州低成本绿色建筑的发展及其经济性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白玉萍

    2014-01-01

    随着建筑施工技术的进步,建筑材料的不断更新换代,绿色建筑逐渐成为建筑行业的一种模式,本文在简要阐述绿色建筑的基础上,结合徐州地区的城市建设的实际情况,初步探讨了绿色建筑的发展方向及其经济可行性。%With the advancement of building construction technology, building materials constantly upgrading, green building is becoming a model for the construction industry. On the basis of briefly describing the green building and based on based on the actual situation of city construction in Xuzhou, this paper explores the development direction and its economic viability of green building.

  19. From green architecture to architectural green

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Earon, Ofri

    2011-01-01

    they have overshadowed the architectural potential of green architecture. The paper questions how a green space should perform, look like and function. Two examples are chosen to demonstrate thorough integrations between green and space. The examples are public buildings categorized as pavilions. One....... Architectural green could signify green architecture with inclusive interrelations between green and space, built and unbuilt, inside and outside. The aim of the term is to reflect a new focus in green architecture – its architectural performance. Ecological issues are not underestimated or ignored, but so far......The paper investigates the topic of green architecture from an architectural point of view and not an energy point of view. The purpose of the paper is to establish a debate about the architectural language and spatial characteristics of green architecture. In this light, green becomes an adjective...

  20. Configuration of Green Spaces for Urban Heat Island Mitigation and Future Building Energy Conservation in Hanoi Master Plan 2030

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andhang Rakhmat Trihamdani

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to assess the urban heat island (UHI effects in the city under the present land use conditions as well as those conditions proposed by the Hanoi Master Plan 2030 through numerical simulation, using Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF. Furthermore, this paper assesses additional land use scenarios with different spatial and green space configurations. The results show that the implementation of the master plan does not significantly affect the peak air temperature in the built-up areas (approximately 1 °C higher at the maximum. However, high temperature areas, with temperature of 40–41 °C, would expand widely over the new built-up areas. On the other hand, the nocturnal air temperature would increase by up to 2–3 °C over the newly expanded built-up areas. The number of hotspots increased further when the strategic green spaces in the master plan were not taken into account. However, the cooling effect of the strategic green spaces did not reach the existing city center sufficiently because the green spaces are located far from the city center. The large and centralized green spaces proposed in the master plan were seen to be insufficient to mitigate UHIs compared to the equally distributed green spaces. Moreover, the greater reduction of hotspot areas by up to 56.5% was seen when the mixed forest is employed as the land cover in the green spaces.

  1. Development tendency of exterior building wall greening and insulation system%建筑外墙绿化隔热系统之发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华立; 李光范

    2012-01-01

    Through analyzing and comparing advantages and disadvantages of exterior building wall greening and insulation system at home and abroad, the essay explores the aspects needing improving of wall greening and insulation system with attached-type, external frame and separa- ted-type, climbing-type and planting desktop-type and the developing tendency. Based on existing two-dimensional exterior wall greening system, it puts forward prior covering-type multilevel vertical greening and insulation system.%通过对国内外建筑外墙绿化隔热系统优缺点的分析及比较,探讨了墙体附着式、外框架与墙体分离式、攀爬式和种植台式的墙体绿化隔热系统急需改进的方面和发展趋势,并在现有二维外墙绿化隔热系统上提出更为优越的覆盖式下的多层次垂直绿化隔热系统。

  2. 价值工程在绿色校园建筑中的应用%Application of Value Engineering in Green Campus Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄洋

    2013-01-01

    目前全国已有多个省、市、自治区着手建设绿色GDP评价体系,建立绿色GDP考核办法。经济发展、财富积累不能以过度消耗资源、能源和污染环境为代价。实现绿色校园建筑的途径需要进行价值功能分析,本文提出了价值功能分析的指标及实现绿色校园建筑的途径。%At present many provinces, cities and autonomous regions across the country had been set out to build evaluation system of green GDP, assessment method to establish green GDP .Economic development, the accumulation of wealth cannot excessive consumption of resources, energy and environmental pollution. Way of achieving green campus construction to value function analysis, this paper puts forward the value function analysis indicators, and the ways to realize the green campus construction.

  3. 新型农村绿色建筑的构建与能耗分析%Construction and Energy Consumption Analysis of A New Rural Green Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李金平; 马思聪; 刁荣丹; 冷小超; 王春龙

    2012-01-01

    为了利用可再生能源满足农民燃气、生活热水和冬季采暖等多层次用能需求,结合农民冬季生活习惯,构建了集成太阳能恒温沼气池系统、低温辐射床等供能系统的30 m2农村绿色建筑.研究了冬季不同环境温度下绿色建筑的能量收支平衡及其经济性,研究结果表明:该绿色建筑能够利用农村可再生能源满足农民燃气、生活热水和冬季采暖的用能需求,环境温度为-20℃时室内温度高于15℃;与传统砖混结构的农村建筑相比,新型农村绿色建筑年节约标准煤2.8吨,节省费用3275元,增加的系统投资回报期为3.9年.%In order to meet farmers' energy demands of gas, domestic hot water and winter heating with renewable energy, according to farmers' living habits in winter, a 30 m2 insulated rural green building made of brick and concrete, was designed integrating with thermostatic digester heated by solar energy and low-temperature radiant bed. Energy expenditure and thermal economy of the green building were studied at different winter ambient temperature. The results show that the consumer' s energy demands of gas, hot water and winter heating can be met in the green building even in winter. When the outdoor temperature was -20℃ , the indoor' s was higher than 15℃. Compared with the traditional rural buildings made of brick and concrete, the new one saves 2.8 tons of standard coal and RMB ¥3275 every year,and the payback period of the green building could be 3.9 years.

  4. Focus 2012. Awakening into a new age - Elements of a sustainable energy supply. Ressource efficiency - key competency of sustainable societies, Sustainable chemistry - fundamental building blocks of a green economy. Annual report; Schwerpunkte 2012. Aufbruch ins neue Zeitalter - Elemente einer nachhaltigen Energieversorgung, Ressourceneffizienz - Schluesselkompetenz zukunftsfaehiger Gesellschaften, Nachhaltige Chemie - elementarer Baustein einer Green Economy. Jahrespublikation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mavromati, Fotini; Ittershagen, Martin (comps.)

    2012-05-30

    The Federal Environmental Agency (Dessau-Rosslau, Federal Republic of Germany) sees excellent opportunities to move the economic regeneration forward by means of environmental protection. Under this aspect, the annual report ''Focus 2012'' under consideration presents the following contributions: (1) Green Economy as a new model for economic development; (2) Elements of a sustainable energy supply; (3) Resource efficiency as a key competence for sustainable societies; (4) Green Chemistry as a fundamental building block of Green Economy.

  5. 湖南省绿色建筑全寿命周期成本的现实案例分析%Reality Case Analysis of Life Cycle Cost of Green Building in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李运; 屈瑜君; 廖晓玲; 阳玉香

    2016-01-01

    The green building keeps up with the trend of the times,it can make the sustainable development of environment and economy more harmony and create conditions for the realization of“two-type-society”in Hunan province.But due to insufficient understanding of the cost of the green building,it is difficult to push the green building.This paper introduces the current situa-tion of green building in Hunan province,analyzed the specific reality case with the method of whole life cycle cost,and com-pared visually the differences of the incremental cost between green building and common building.The popularization of the whole life cycle cost of green building is proposed to promote the development of green building cause.%绿色建筑顺应时代潮流,它可以使环境与经济持续发展更加和谐,从而为湖南省实现“两型社会”创造条件。但由于各方对绿色建筑的成本情况认识不足,造成绿色建筑推行困难。该文从介绍湖南省绿色建筑的现状入手,用全寿命周期成本法对具体的现实案例进行分析,并直观的对比绿色建筑与普通建筑之间的增量成本差异,对绿色建筑全寿命周期成本的推广提出建议,进而推动绿色建筑事业的发展。

  6. Analysis on the Practice of Green Building Evaluation Label at Running Stage%运行使用阶段绿色建筑评价标识实践浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋凌; 李宏军

    2011-01-01

    本文分析了运行使用阶段绿色建筑评价标识的特点,证实了在绿色建筑评价中,评价建筑按设计进行施工落实和建筑实际运行情况的重要性.同时,结合2009年度第一批绿色建筑评价标识工作的情况和编制的经验,对新补充说明的评价要求进行了分析,证明运行使用阶段的绿色建筑评价标识更加契合我国当前的国情,可使得标识工作更具实效.%In this paper,the characteristics of green building evaluation label at running stage were analyzed, and the importance of evaluating the situation of building construction implementation according to the design and actual operation effect in green building evaluation was validated. Furthermore, combined with the work of the first patch of green building evaluation label in 2009 and the experience of compiling the code of Supplementary Specification of Technical Manual on Evaluation of Green Building at Running Stage, the requirements of supplementary specification on green building evaluation were analyzed, which proved that the green building evaluation label at running stage was more suitable for our country and could make the work of green building evaluation label more effective.

  7. Classroom Management. TESOL Classroom Practice Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Thomas S. C., Ed.

    2008-01-01

    This series captures the dynamics of the contemporary ESOL classroom. It showcases state-of-the-art curricula, materials, tasks, and activities reflecting emerging trends in language education and seeks to build localized language teaching and learning theories based on teachers' and students' unique experiences in and beyond the classroom. Each…

  8. 智能建筑中的绿色节能措施%Green energy-saving measures in intelligent building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凯

    2014-01-01

    The green energy saving technology in intelligent building is developing very rapidly in recent years,the impact on people's life is more and more big,to explore in-depth in this paper is based on the intelligent building in our green energy-saving measures,puts forward some energy saving measures, promoting the rapid development of intelligent building health,more is to save energy, for the benefit of future generations.%智能建筑中的绿色节能技术在近些年有着很快的发展,对于人们的生活的影响也是越来越大,本文就是针对于我们的智能建筑中的绿色节能措施进行的深入的探讨,提出了几点节能措施,更好的促进智能建筑的健康快速发展,更是节约能源,为后代造福。

  9. 对我国城市建筑物屋面绿化的效益分析%Analysis on Benefits of Roof Greening for Chinese Urban Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亮; 申玲; 杜博

    2011-01-01

    简要叙述了我国城市建筑物屋面绿化技术的发展现状,对屋面绿化的经济效益、生态环境效益和节能效益进行了详细分析,并提出了提高屋面绿化效益的对策与措施.%The development status of roof greening technology for our urban buildings was briefly introduced, and then the economic benefits, eeo-environmental efficiency and energy-saving benefits were analyzed in detail, finally some measures were proposed to improve the benefits of roof greening.

  10. Green towers and green walls

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharp, R. [Sharp and Diamond Landscape Architecture and Planning, Vancouver, BC (Canada)

    2006-07-01

    North American cities face many major environmental and health issues such as urban heat island effect, the intensity of storms, microclimate around buildings, imperviousness of sites, poor air quality and increases in respiratory disease. Several new technologies are starting to address global impacts and community level issues as well as the personal health and comfort of building occupants. These include green towers, living walls, vegetated rooftops and ecological site developments. This paper examined these forms of eco-development and presented their benefits. It discussed green walls in Japan; green towers in Malaysia, Singapore and Great Britain; green facades of climbing plants; active living walls in Canada; and passive living walls in France and Canada. It also discussed thermal walls; thematic walls; vertical gardens and structured wildlife habitat. Last, it presented testing, monitoring, research and conclusions. The Centre for the Advancement of Green Roof Technology is setting up a program to test thermal performance, to assess plant survival and to monitor green walls at the British Columbia Institute of Technology in Vancouver, Canada as much of the research out of Japan is only available in Japanese script. It was concluded that green architecture can provide shade, food, rainwater, shelter for wildlife and mimic natural systems. 15 refs.

  11. 创设数学课堂导入情境打造高效课堂教学%Mathematics Classroom Import Situation Build Effective Classroom Reaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋宝福

    2014-01-01

    A good beginning is half done.So successful mathematics classroom import situation,stimulate students learning motivation is an important cause of,is an important cause of students’ learning interest, the success of the whole class teaching plays a decisive role.%良好的开端是成功的一半。因此成功地创设数学课堂导入情境,是激发学生学习动机的一个重要的诱因,是引起学生学习兴趣的一个重要前提,对整堂课的教学成功与否起着决定性的作用。

  12. Mitigating the cooling need and improvement of indoor conditions in Mediterranean educational buildings, by means of green roofs. Results of a case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ascione, F.; Bianco, N.; De Masi, R. F.; de Rossi, F.; Vanoli, G. P.

    2015-11-01

    Indoor overheating risk and increased energy demand for cooling are becoming more and more frequent in the building sector of the Mediterranean area. In detail, for the reduction of the energy consumption of educational buildings, characterized by high endogenous gains, the particular boundary conditions affecting their use should be taken in consideration, and thus schedules of occupancy, wide necessity of air-changes for air quality. This paper, with reference to a case study, proposes deep investigations aimed at optimizing the annual energy performance of an educational building of the University of Sannio, located in the Southern Italy. A numerical model of the building has been designed and validated according to monitored data. Starting from the present scenario, after a complete refurbishment of the building envelope, the potentialities of several typologies of green roofs - by considering also the implementation of the adaptive approach in the comfort standard - have been tested. The scope is the optimization of the energy demand for the annual microclimatic control, by avoiding an energy-intensive operation of the air-conditioning devices during the warm season.

  13. Passive Green Energy Saving Design of Residential Buildings%住宅建筑被动式绿色节能设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纵晓杰

    2016-01-01

    被动式绿色节能设计可通过对建筑的整体与局部设计来降低能耗,在建筑整体方面通过建筑场地的选址和建筑群的布局来降低能源消耗,在建筑局部方面可通过设计具体的户型和绿化建筑本身降低能源消耗,住宅建筑被动式绿色节能设计不仅仅是一种技术,更是一种理念和一种思路,只有不断地增强这种设计理念并付诸实践,才能将住宅能源的消耗降至最低。%Passive green energy-saving design can be through the construction of global and local design to reduce energy consumption, the construction site in the aspect of the overall architecture through the site and buildings of the layout to reduce energy consumption, in the local construction can be through specific design Huxing and green building to reduce energy consumption, residential building passive green energy-saving design is not only a technique, is a kind of concept and a kind of train of thought, only continue to enhance the design idea and put it into practice to residential energy consumption is reduced to the minimum.

  14. 绿色建筑经济性影响量化评价模型的构建%Quantitative Evaluation of the Green Building Economic Impact

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连宇新

    2011-01-01

    A quantitative evaluation model of the green building economic impact is designed on a fuzzy evaluation model, taking reference to life cycle theory and U. S. LEED rating standard evaluation approach, and combined with China's Green Building Evaluation Criteria. A residential project named Blue Bay International is used as a sample for the evaluation, and the results show that the model enables a more objective and fairer evaluation of green buildings and therefore provides more possibilities for the construction of low carbon cities and the d.evelopment of low carbon economy.%根据全寿命周期理论,借鉴美国LEED评价标准的评价方法,结合中国《绿色建筑评价标准》,采取模糊综合评价法,构建绿色建筑经济性影响量化评价体系和实用性的综合评价模型。并以厦门“蓝湾国际”住宅小区为案例进行经济性影响评价,结果印证了此量化评价模型可使绿色建筑的评定工作更为客观、公平和公正,从而为低碳经济的发展和低碳城市的建设提供思路。

  15. "Don't Give up on Me": Critical Mentoring Pedagogy for the Classroom Building Students' Community Cultural Wealth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liou, Daniel D.; Martinez, Antonio Nieves; Rotheram-Fuller, Erin

    2016-01-01

    This one-year ethnographic case study focused on students of color from a West Coast High School who faced a variety of academic challenges. Collectively, they shared perspectives on school improvement, and among the recommendations was the importance of mentorship in the classroom to develop students' aspirational, navigational, and informational…

  16. 基于LM-BP算法的绿色建筑评价研究%Green Building Evaluation Study Based on Lm-bp Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏晓; 董莉莉

    2016-01-01

    Current evaluation model based on BP neural network has the shortcomings of slow convergence speed, easily falling into local minima and huge computation. In view of this situation and the requirement of green building evaluation, this paper put forward a green building evaluation model based on LM-BP algorithm. Firstly, it transforms the objective function of BP neural network into Hessian matrix by nonlinear least squares. Then the problem of solving second-order derivatives of objective function is turned to solving the first-order derivative so as to greatly reduce the amount of calculation. Finally, an ideal searching direction is generated around the optimal value to make the objective function decrease fast and improve the accuracy of green building evaluation. The simulation experiments show that this proposed evaluation model based on LM-BP algorithm has better performance and higher accuracy in green building evaluation.%以基于BP神经网络的评价模型中的收敛速度慢、容易陷入局部最小点以及计算量大等问题为着眼点,并根据绿色建筑评价的需求设计了一种以LM-BP算法为基础的绿色建筑评级啊模型.最先借助非线性最小二乘法把BP神经网络的目标函数转变成Hessian矩阵,然后将计算目标函数的二阶倒数转化为求解其一阶倒数,从而极大地减少了计算的工作量,最后在最优值附近产生一个理想的搜索方向,使目标函数一直保持较快的下降速度,以提高绿色建筑评价的准确性.算法仿真试验结果表明,本文提出的基于LM-BP算法的绿色建筑评价模型能很好的对绿色建筑进行综合评价,并且评价准确度较高.

  17. 某绿色建筑空调节能技术的设计与评价%Design and Evaluation of A Green Building Air-conditioning Energy-saving Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何俊生

    2015-01-01

    One star green building is taken as an example in Huadu District of Guangzhou a commercial project. The paper discusses the air-conditioning energy-saving technology of green building, and analyzes the connection and difference of green building and energy saving building. The design thinking and points of this green building are introduced. Evaluation and incremental costs of this green building are obtained. These provide reference for fu-ture similar engineering.%广州市花都区某商业项目拟建为一星绿色建筑。本文以该项目为例,讨论绿色建筑的空调节能技术,浅析绿色建筑和节能建筑的区别与联系,介绍该绿色建筑的设计思路和设计要点,得出绿色建筑的评价,以期为日后类似的工程设计提供参考。

  18. Efficient and Scalable Synthesis of 4-Carboxy-Pennsylvania Green Methyl Ester: A Hydrophobic Building Block for Fluorescent Molecular Probes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woydziak, Zachary R; Fu, Liqiang; Peterson, Blake R

    2014-01-01

    Fluorinated fluorophores are valuable tools for studies of biological systems. However, amine-reactive single-isomer derivatives of these compounds are often very expensive. To provide an inexpensive alternative, we report a practical synthesis of 4-carboxy-Pennsylvania Green methyl ester. Derivatives of this hydrophobic fluorinated fluorophore, a hybrid of the dyes Oregon Green and Tokyo Green, are often cell permeable, enabling labeling of intracellular targets and components. Moreover, the low pKa of Pennsylvania Green (4.8) confers bright fluorescence in acidic cellular compartments such as endosomes, enhancing its utility for chemical biology investigations. To improve access to the key intermediate 2,7-difluoro-3,6-dihydroxyxanthen-9-one, we subjected bis-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)methanone to iterative nucleophilic aromatic substitution by hydroxide on scales of > 40 g. This intermediate was used to prepare over 15 grams of pure 4-carboxy-Pennsylvania Green methyl ester in 28% overall yield without requiring chromatography. This compound can be converted into the amine reactive N-hydroxysuccinimidyl ester in essentially quantitative yield for the synthesis of a wide variety of fluorescent molecular probes.

  19. Explore the Energy Efficiency Standards Application of Green Building%绿色建筑节能标准应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩文辉; 周娜; 林心璐

    2014-01-01

    随着全球能源的日趋紧缺,节约能源将是未来我国发展战略的主要内容之一。在工业、交通、建筑和生活四大耗能产业中,建筑能耗占总能耗的30%左右。因此,大力发展绿色建筑具有非常重要的现实意义。%With the growing shortage of global energy, saving energy wil be one of the main contents of Chinese future development strategies. In the four major energy-consuming industries of industrial, transportation, construction and life, the building energy consumption accounts for about 30% of the total energy consumption. Therefore, vigorous develop the green building has very important practical significance.

  20. Green Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlowski, David, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses "going green" concept in school-building design, its cost-savings benefits through more efficient energy use, and its use by the State University of New York at Buffalo as solution to an energy retrofit program. Examples are provided of how this concept can be used, even for small colleges without large capital budgets, and how it can…