WorldWideScience

Sample records for classrooms green buildings

  1. Green buildings pay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naboni, Emanuele; Edwards, Brian

    2012-01-01

    The new edition of ‘Green Buildings Pay’ authored by Brian Edwards and Emanuele Naboni explores the business and professional benefits which derive from architectural design driven by sustainability. With a new sub-title ‘Green Buildings Pay: design, productivity and ecology’ the book argues...... or environmental thinking and this finds expression in new approaches to the design of building facades, roofs, atria. Another is that new software simulation tools have changed energy assumptions and hence building forms. In a fast evolving arena, the book shows how architects are reshaping their practices....... Branding via LEED and BREEAM has taken green ideas to China and other emerging economies. The globalization of sustainability and of architectural practice is an important strand of the new edition....

  2. Green space as classroom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentsen, Peter; Schipperijn, Jasper; Jensen, Frank Søndergaard

    2013-01-01

    , who, when and where has thus far only been supported by anecdotal evidence, but seems fundamental to the decision-making of a range of green space providers. The present study aims to describe, characterise and discuss outdoor teachers’ use, preferences and ecostrategies in relation to green space....... A nationwide survey was conducted among Danish teachers practising outdoor teaching (107 respondents), and it showed that a majority used and preferred forest areas. The outdoor teachers used mainly school grounds and local green space for their outdoor teaching with a majority using the same place or mostly...

  3. INL Green Building Strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jennifer Dalton

    2005-05-01

    Green buildings, also known as sustainable buildings, resource efficient buildings, and high performance buildings, are structures that minimize the impact on the environment by using less energy and water, reducing solid waste and pollutants, and limiting the depletion of natural resources. As Idaho National Laboratory (INL) becomes the nation’s premier nuclear energy research laboratory, the physical infrastructure will be established to help accomplish the mission. This infrastructure, particularly the buildings, should incorporate green design features in order to be environmentally responsible and reflect an image of progressiveness and innovation to the public and prospective employees. With this in mind, the recommendations described in this strategy are intended to form the INL foundation for green building standards. The recommendations in this strategy are broken down into three levels: Baseline Minimum, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)Certification, and Innovative. Baseline Minimum features should be included in all new occupied buildings no matter what the purpose or size. These features do not require significant research, design, or capital costs and yet they can reduce Operation and Maintenance (O&M) costs and produce more environmentally friendly buildings. LEED Certification features are more aggressive than the Baseline Minimums in that they require documentation, studies, and/or additional funding. Combined with the Baseline Minimums, many of the features in this level will need to be implemented to achieve the goal of LEED certification. LEED Silver certification should be the minimum goal for all new buildings (including office buildings, laboratories, cafeterias, and visitor centers) greater than 25,000 square feet or a total cost of $10 million. Innovative features can also contribute to LEED certification, but are less mainstream than those listed in the previous two levels. These features are identified as areas where

  4. Green Roofs and Green Building Rating Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liaw

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The environmental benefits for green building from the Leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED and Ecology, Energy, Waste, and Health (EEWH rating systems have been extensively investigated; however, the effect of green roofs on the credit-earning mechanisms is relatively unexplored. This study is concerned with the environmental benefits of green roofs with respect to sustainability, stormwater control, energy savings, and water resources. We focused on the relationship between green coverage and the credits of the rating systems, evaluated the credits efficiency, and performed cost analysis. As an example, we used a university building in Keelung, Northern Taiwan. The findings suggest that with EEWH, the proposed green coverage is 50–75%, whereas with LEED, the proposed green coverage is 100%. These findings have implications for the application of green roofs in green building.

  5. The green building envelope: vertical greening

    OpenAIRE

    Ottelé, M.

    2011-01-01

    Planting on roofs and façades is one of the most innovative and fastest developing fields of green technologies with respect to the built environment and horticulture. This thesis is focused on vertical greening of structures and to the multi-scale benefits of vegetation. Vertical green can improve the environment in urban areas and is becoming a key design consideration in modern building developments. Vertical greening of structures offers large surfaces with vegetation and at the same time...

  6. Sustainable Development and Green Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arijit Sinha

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Global sustainability goals have led to the development of the green building movement. The Green Building Program, stemming from the movement, has had unprecedented success as it provides a quantifiable metric to people’s efforts towards sustainable development. Sustainable development and green buildings are often used interchangeably. Although, sustainable development and green buildings are related, they are not the same. This paper provides an overview of how green building relates to sustainable development practices. Sustainability also governs decisions concerning building materials. A comprehensive explanation of what constitutes a green building material is discussed and how renewable material like wood fare in the deciding criteria. There are many green building rating systems in place. United States Green Building Council administered Leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED is the global market leader in the rating systems. LEED is a commendable and grand effort in moving towards sustainable development by converting the built environment green. However, it does have certain pitfalls and challenges. Some of these challenges are with respect to policies on material selection and performance monitoring. The materials used in a project are considered at a common starting point and no consideration is given to the life cycle performance of the material. Statements concerning sustainability require validation, and Life Cycle Analysis (LCA is a tool that can provide such validity. This paper presents how beneficial it can be, when included, in the bigger scheme of green building rating systems and introduces an integrated design concept for green buildings.

  7. 77 FR 66616 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-06

    ... provides the schedule and agenda for the November 27, 2012, meeting of the Green Building Advisory...: Introductions & plans for today's meeting. Green Building Certification System Review update. Facilities... ADMINISTRATION Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory...

  8. Future Green Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Brian Vad; Drysdale, David; Lund, Henrik;

    Efficient buildings are essential for an affordable Danish energy supply in 2050. The purpose of this report is to describe the contribution and role of the building sector in a 100% renewable energy future, as well as the transitions that are necessary in the building sector to support this chan...

  9. Acoustical case studies of three green buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebein, Gary; Lilkendey, Robert; Skorski, Stephen

    2005-04-01

    Case studies of 3 green buildings with LEED certifications that required extensive acoustical retrofit work to become satisfactory work environments for their intended user groups will be used to define areas where green building design concepts and acoustical design concepts require reconciliation. Case study 1 is an office and conference center for a city environmental education agency. Large open spaces intended to collect daylight through clerestory windows provided large, reverberant volumes with few acoustic finishes that rendered them unsuitable as open office space and a conference room/auditorium. Case Study 2 describes one of the first gold LEED buildings in the southeast whose primary design concepts were so narrowly focused on thermal and lighting issues that they often worked directly against basic acoustical requirements resulting in sound levels of NC 50-55 in classrooms and faculty offices, crosstalk between classrooms and poor room acoustics. Case study 3 is an environmental education and conference center with open public areas, very high ceilings, and all reflective surfaces made from wood and other environmentally friendly materials that result in excessive loudness when the building is used by the numbers of people which it was intended to serve.

  10. 77 FR 2296 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; the Green Building Advisory Committee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-17

    ... provides the schedule for three teleconference meetings of the Green Building Advisory Committee (the... ADMINISTRATION Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; the Green Building Advisory Committee; Notification of Upcoming Public Advisory Teleconference Meetings AGENCY: Office of Governmentwide...

  11. Green Construction in Building Renovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ksit, Barbara; Majcherek, Michał

    2016-06-01

    Modern materials and construction solutions draw more and more attention to ecology and building certification. Among the criteria appearing in revitalization, an important element is bringing plants back into heavily urbanized areas. In its natural form, this is not possible to carry out everywhere, often requiring large amounts of space. Nowadays, however, there are a number of green roofs and green wall systems, allowing "greener" construction without making significant changes in the urban environment. The article includes a presentation and analysis of selected solutions of biological surfaces known as green roofs and green walls, specifying various solutions and their most important features. The case study focuses primarily on material and design solutions, as well as the potential benefits, risks and limitations in their use. Plants structures on the surfaces of vertical and horizontal partitions continue to be a very interesting alternative to take into account when applying for grants, such as LEED or BREEAM certificates.

  12. National Green Building Standard Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2012-07-01

    DOE's Building America Program is a research and development program to improve the energy performance of new and existing homes. The ultimate goal of the Building America Program is to achieve examples of cost-effective, energy efficient solutions for all U.S. climate zones. Periodic maintenance of an ANSI standard by review of the entire document and action to revise or reaffirm it on a schedule not to exceed five years is required by ANSI. In compliance, a consensus group has once again been formed and the National Green Building Standard is currently being reviewed to comply with the periodic maintenance requirement of an ANSI standard.

  13. Fire safety challenges of green buildings

    CERN Document Server

    Meacham, Brian; Echeverria, Juan; Cheng, Raymond

    2013-01-01

    Environmental concerns and advances in architectural technologies have lead to a greater number of green buildings or buildings with green, eco-friendly elements. However, from a practical standpoint, there is no incident reporting system in the world that tracks data on fire incidents in green buildings. Fire safety objectives are not explicitly considered in most green rating schemes, and green design features have been associated with photovoltaic panels and roof materials, lightweight timber frame buildings, and combustible insulation materials. Fire Safety Challenges of Green Buildings is

  14. Green buildings: Implications for acousticians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noble, Michael R.

    2005-04-01

    This presentation will deal with the practical implications of green design protocols of the US Green Building Council on interior acoustics of buildings. Three areas of particular consequence to acousticians will be discussed. Ventilation Systems: reduced energy consumption goals dictate reliance on natural cooling and ventilation using ambient air when possible. The consequent large openings in the building envelope to bring fresh air into rooms, and similar sized openings to transfer the mixed air out, can severely compromise the noise isolation of the rooms concerned. Radiant Cooling: the heavy concrete floors of buildings can be used as a thermal flywheel to lessen the cooling load, which forces the concrete ceilings to be exposed to the occupied rooms for heat transfer, and strictly limits the application of acoustical absorption on the ceilings. This challenges the room acoustics design. Green Materials: the LEED protocols require the elimination of potentially harmful finishes, including fibrous materials which may impact air quality or contribute to health problems. Since the backbone of sound absorption is glass and mineral fibres, this further challenges provision of superior room acoustics. Examples and commentary will be provided based on current and recent projects.

  15. 77 FR 24494 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... and agenda for the May 9, 2012, meeting of the Green Building Advisory Committee Meeting (the... mission. Agenda: Wednesday, May 9, 2012. Introductions and plans for today's meeting Green building... ADMINISTRATION Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory...

  16. 78 FR 21368 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... provides the schedule and agenda for the May 1, 2013, meeting of the Green Building Advisory Committee... & Plans for Today's Meeting. Climate Change Adaptation. Green Building Certification System Review. Lunch... ADMINISTRATION Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory...

  17. The green building envelope: vertical greening

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ottelé, M.

    2011-01-01

    Planting on roofs and façades is one of the most innovative and fastest developing fields of green technologies with respect to the built environment and horticulture. This thesis is focused on vertical greening of structures and to the multi-scale benefits of vegetation. Vertical green can improve

  18. Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorsey, William [Jackson Park Hospital Foundation, Chicago, IL (United States); Vasquez, Nelson [Jackson Park Hospital Foundation, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2010-05-01

    Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago's recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work.

  19. 78 FR 56703 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ..., 2013, meeting of the Green Building Advisory Committee Meeting (the Committee) and the schedule for a... ADMINISTRATION Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; Green Building Advisory Committee; Notification of Upcoming Public Advisory Committee Meeting and Conference Calls AGENCY: Office of...

  20. Parameters of Upgrading Existing Building into a Green Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrs. Rupali Kapure

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Before turning to specific programs for upgrading buildings, it’s important to understand the market dynamics of greening existing buildings. From a macroeconomic perspective, energy efficiency upgrades represent the most cost-effective way to meet growing energy demands. From a microeconomic perspective, recent studies have shown that energy-efficient and certified green buildings merit higher market values, greater rents, and higher occupancies. From a corporate sustainability viewpoint, greening existing buildings is a direct way to reduce a company’s carbon footprint. As a result, corporate real estate managers in the United States have begun to decide in favour of greening both owned and leased buildings, seeing many economic benefits from this switch. Green buildings offer many marketing benefits for building owners and tenants, including opportunities for creating new green “brands” and also “future-proofing” their real estate against both future energy price increases and also value erosion as the trend toward green buildings continues to grow. Marketing benefits will vary by geographic location, building and tenant type, and other factors, but they are present in all privately owned real estate.

  1. Parameters of Upgrading Existing Building into a Green Building

    OpenAIRE

    Mrs. Rupali Kapure; Dr.R.K.Jain

    2014-01-01

    Before turning to specific programs for upgrading buildings, it’s important to understand the market dynamics of greening existing buildings. From a macroeconomic perspective, energy efficiency upgrades represent the most cost-effective way to meet growing energy demands. From a microeconomic perspective, recent studies have shown that energy-efficient and certified green buildings merit higher market values, greater rents, and higher occupancies. From a corporate sustainabili...

  2. Green Era Should Herald Smarter Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Scott

    2008-01-01

    In the past two decades, the most elite and ambitious colleges have commissioned buildings by "starchitects" for notoriety. However, people live in a green era now and there is a need for a new kind of star architecture to go with it, one in which the building is a star for its efficiency as well as its elegance. The new star architecture would…

  3. Assessing the future of green building

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Raymond J.

    2005-04-01

    As the realities of resource depletion and global environmental degradation become more evident, we can anticipate a maturing and strengthening of the public's concern and knowledge on environmental issues. This will translate into an expectation for greater environmental responsibility and, as with other sectors, the building industry will be increasingly scrutinized for its environmental actions. The adoption of environmental strategies has been accelerated by the emergence of building environmental assessment methods that have provided both a definition and common language for green buildings as well as a means of communicating performance improvements. Whereas the current focus is on ``green'' design-reducing or mitigating the environmental consequences of buildings-the future concerns will embrace mitigation, adaptation to the new conditions and restoring previous adversely impacted regions and human settlements. This presentation will provide an overview of the evolution of green building practices to set a context for understanding emerging issues in building acoustics. Since the adoption of green building practices is a function of the context that shapes political and public priorities, the presentation compares and contrasts several short and long-term scenarios some certain, others more speculative and their direct and indirect consequences for environmental progress building design.

  4. Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

    2010-03-31

    Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago's recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work. The new green building houses the hospital's Family Medicine Residency Program and Specialty Medical Offices. The residency program has been vital in attracting new, young physicians to this medically underserved area. The new outpatient center will also help to allure needed medical providers to the community. The facility also has areas designated to women's health and community education. The Community Education Conference Room will provide learning opportunities to area residents. Emphasis will be placed on conserving resources and protecting our environment, as well as providing information on healthcare access and preventive medicine. The new Medical Office Building was constructed with numerous energy saving features. The exterior cladding of the building is an innovative, locally-manufactured precast concrete panel system with integral insulation that achieves an R-value in excess of building code requirements. The roof is a 'green roof' covered by native plantings, lessening the impact solar heat gain on the building, and reducing air conditioning requirements. The windows are low-E, tinted, and insulated to reduce cooling requirements in summer and heating requirements in winter. The main entrance has an air lock to prevent unconditioned air from entering the building and impacting interior air temperatures. Since much of the traffic in and out of the office building comes from the adjacent Jackson Park Hospital, a pedestrian bridge connects the two

  5. The Productivity Paradox in Green Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugh Byrd

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we challenge the notion that “green” buildings can achieve greater productivity than buildings that are not accredited as “green”. For nearly two decades, research has produced apparent evidence which indicates that the design of a “green” building can enhance the productivity of its occupants. This relationship between building design and productivity is claimed to be achieved through compliance with internal environmental quality (IEQ criteria of Green rating tools. This paper reviews methods of measuring productivity and the appropriateness of the metrics used for measuring IEQ in office environments. This review is supported by the results of a survey of office building users which identifies social factors to be significantly more important than environmental factors in trying to correlate productivity and IEQ. It also presents the findings of observations that were discretely carried out on user-response in green buildings. These findings demonstrate that, despite a building’s compliance with IEQ criteria, occupants still resort to exceptional measures to alter their working environment in a bid to achieve comfort. The work has been carried out on “green” buildings in New Zealand. These buildings are rated based on the NZ “Green Star” system which has adopted the Australian “green star” system with its roots in BREEAM. Despite this, the results of this research are applicable to many other “green” rating systems. The paper concludes that methods of measuring productivity are flawed, that IEQ criteria for building design is unrepresentative of how occupants perceive the environment and that this can lead to an architecture that has few of the inherent characteristics of good environmental design.

  6. The European GreenBuilding Projects Catalogue 2014

    OpenAIRE

    BERTOLDI PAOLO; CUNIBERTI Barbara; De Luca, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    In 2005 the European Commission launched the GreenBuilding Programme (GBP). GreenBuilding is a voluntary programme aiming at improving the energy efficiency of non-residential buildings in Europe on voluntary basis. The programme addresses owners of non-residential buildings to realise cost-effective measures which enhance the energy efficiency of their buildings in one or more technical services. The programme covers both existing and new buildings. The GreenBuilding Programme reached its 8t...

  7. 'To Boldly Go...' Building a Virtual Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    vandeVen, Ryan W.; Meurders, Mary F. E.

    2008-01-01

    The concept of a Exploration-Based Learning Environment has recently been introduced into the argument that technology can put students back into the field of real learning. IPN has set foot there, where no school has gone before, by actually building a Virtual Classroom.This paper is about our first step towards the Virtual Classroom: Experience-Based Learning by simulations. A field study on the processes involved when going from a regular educational setting to using simulations as part of the educational was done. We discuss eventual pitfalls and the role changes in education for both teacher and pupil, the importance of understanding the psychological process that the pupil goes through and the consequences this has for the guiding staff. Changes are not only necessary to keep up with the change but also to break through the vicious circle of what we call the trend of "Spectacle and Boredom" in education.

  8. The World Well Lost, Found: Reality and Authenticity in Green's "New Classroom Pedagogy"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vakeva, Lauri

    2009-01-01

    In her recent work, Green (2001; 2008) builds on the idea that there is a gulf between "real-world music" and classroom music (Ibid., p. 2). One of her main goals seems to be to pave the way for the former in the latter: to make the music in schools more in touch with reality. The learning practices of popular music are taken to bring the needed…

  9. Dealing with Difference: Building Culturally Responsive Classrooms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Burridge

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Australia continues to develop as a multicultural society with levels of immigration increasing significantly over recent years as a result of government policies. More recently, the new period of financial turmoil, continuing threats from terrorism and environmental concerns, have all exacerbated the challenges of dealing with difference in our society. In response, schools continue to face the challenges of the impact of a range of different cultures, languages and religions among their student and school communities. How effectively schools deal with difference and how well they are supported in their endeavours to build culturally response classrooms is a perennial issue for both teachers and educators. A major challenge for teachers is to at a minimum, understand cultural differences as they manifest in their particular school settings and to draw on approaches that support student learning in culturally appropriate ways so to assist them to better realise their full potential. In this paper we will consider cultural diversity in the context of recent school policies, highlight a number of frameworks for addressing cultural diversity in the classroom, in particular the approaches by Kalantzis and Cope’s (1999 and Hickling-Hudson (2003. We also draw on the findings from a recent qualitative study of representations of cultural diversity in a number of Sydney metropolitan schools to discuss the need for more greater resource and policy support for progressive teaching approaches that support the development of a more tolerant and inclusive multicultural society. Key words: cultural diversity, schools, teacher education, classroom practice, social inclusion

  10. Thermal and acoustic environmental requirements for green buildings in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreenivasaiah Purushothama Rao

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Passive design concepts as a strategy for achieving energy efficiency as well as optimum indoor thermal comfort in workspaces are being increasingly applied with the increased awareness of Green Buildings. The challenging task for the building designers in the hot-humid tropics is the provision of indoor thermal comfort for the occupants of the building while reducing energy consumption in the office spaces. Acoustic quality is also an important element in ensuring a healthy working environment. One of the aims of a green building is to minimise its impact on health and performance of the occupants of the building. This has been emphasized in most green building rating systems under requirements for Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ, highlighting the four main points for achieving an improved indoor environment, viz., indoor air quality, acoustics, visual comfort (lighting and thermal comfort. Although acoustics was mentioned in the IEQ criteria, according to previous surveys and studies acoustic quality in green buildings are not improving. Acoustics performance is bound to be relegated unless it is considered early in design stage. This paper makes an attempt at how green building design strategies contribute to the degradation of acoustical environment in green office buildings. The design strategies implemented to cater for green building requirements such as provision of natural ventilation, daylight, reduction of finishes and office layout leads to an unintended decrease in the acoustical quality. This needs to be addressed and corrected by the building professionals.

  11. Key Practice for Green Building Management In Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aghili Nasim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper identifies the management practices for green building management in Malaysia. A set of practices was ascertained from the reviewed of various established Green Building Standard in the world. Green building practices are significant role in attaining sustainability particularly in the construction industry. Green building is constructed for minimizing impacts to environment as well as decreasing building effects on occupants. To achieve the goals of green buildings, set of management practices is required. A comprehensive review on the world green building standards that include the criteria of “management” has been carried out. The results of the content analysis have identified a total of five clusters of practices that found important for effective management of green building in Malaysia. These including Sustainable Procurement, Sustainable Operation, Resource Management, Repair and Maintenance Management, and Environmental Health. Each cluster of management practice composed of few activities. The identification of the set of practices contributes to the effective and efficient operation of green building in advancing the sustainability agenda, hence decreasing building’s operating costs and realising increase in return of investment.

  12. How to build efficient English classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高艳青

    2015-01-01

    The three basic elements of classroom language teaching. Namely, engagement, study and application. The students are not sponges which are passive or empty waiting to absorb all the water but plumages after ac-tive growth by drawing water, sunlight and oxygen from the outside and their internal photosynthesis. The students are organic bodies who need to continue to obtain new knowledge based on prior knowledge and experience. Efficient classroom teaching system should consist of these two sides. One is the classroom or-ganization form that is what kind of classroom teaching is used in the classroom. The other is the rule of classroom. That is what way is used to maintain the teaching goal to be completed. The popular saying is classroom management. The core theory of classroom teaching system is the"base first, management first". Emotional education in the classroom teaching is reflected in the objective of training students' emotional attitudes and values which enable students to love learning and learn with an appropriate method.

  13. ATRF Earns Three Green Globes, Exceeds NIH Building Standards | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    By Ashley DeVine, Staff Writer From project management and energy and water efficiency to emissions and the indoor environment, the Advanced Technology Research Facility (ATRF) was built with sustainability in mind, exceeding the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH’s) building standards and earning three Green Globes from the Green Building Initiative (GBI).

  14. Teaching Teachers to Build Equitable Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotan, Rachel

    2006-01-01

    Whether they are the outcome of global immigration trends, residential living patterns, or educational reform efforts such as detracking, heterogeneous classrooms pose considerable pedagogical challenges for educators. This article describes a systemic approach to restructuring the classroom with the goal of establishing and maintaining an…

  15. Integrating Building Information Modeling and Green Building Certification: The BIM-LEED Application Model Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Wei

    2010-01-01

    Building information modeling (BIM) and green building are currently two major trends in the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry. This research recognizes the market demand for better solutions to achieve green building certification such as LEED in the United States. It proposes a new strategy based on the integration of BIM…

  16. Green Building Construction Thermal Isolation Materials (Rockwool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Itewi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Building insulation consisting roughly to anything in a structure that is utilizes as insulation for any reason. Thermal insulation in structures is a significant feature to attaining thermal comfort for its tenants. Approach: Insulation decreases unnecessary warmth loss or gain and can reduce the power burdens of heating and cooling structures. It does not automatically having anything to do with problems of sufficient exposure to air and might or might not influence the amount of sound insulation. Results: In a constricted way insulation can just mean the insulation substance used to reduce heat loss, such as: Glass wool, cellulose, polystyrene, rock wool, urethane foam, vermiculite and the earth, but it can also entail a variety of plans and methods used to deal with the chief forms of heat movement like transmission, emission and convection substances. The efficiency of insulation is normally assessed by its R-value. However, an R-value does not allow for the superiority of assembly or narrow green issues for each structure. Building superiority matters comprise insufficient vapor obstructions and troubles with draft-proofing. Additionally, the property and concentration of the insulation substance itself is vital. Fiberglass insulation materials, for example, made out of short fibers of glass covered on top of each other is not as long-lasting as insulation prepared from extended entwined fibers of glass. Conclusion/Recommendations: Rockwool insulation is a kind of insulation that is constructed out of real rocks and minerals. It furthermore is known by the names of mineral wool insulation, stone wool insulation or slag wool insulation. A broad collection of goods can be constructed from Rockwool, because of its outstanding capability to obstruct sound and heat. Rockwool insulation is normally utilized in building assembly, manufacturing plants and in automotive purposes. In this study i proposed to use

  17. Green certification and building performance: Implications for tangibles and intangibles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Devine, A.; Kok, N.

    2015-01-01

    Commercial buildings represent a significant share of global energy consumption. In the general absence of regulation, voluntary labeling and green building certification schemes have been introduced to reflect this externality to building owners and tenants. The implications of such schemes have pr

  18. Reviewing Green roof design approaches: Case study of residential buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Özarısoy, Bertuğ

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT: High density of the residential areas and steep land value in the cities have driven people to maximize liveable and productive spaces in urban settings. This includes the reinvention of roof functions extending merely as a protection from the elements to a platform of housing green building technologies such as green roofs. Increased interest in green roofs have led to advances in technology. An entire industry has sprung up which specializes in lightweight growing materials, ro...

  19. The Benefits of Green Roofing for Latvian Building Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Kara, P; Pastars, P

    2013-01-01

    Green roofs serve several purposes for a building, such as absorbing rainwater, providing insulation, creating a habitat for wildlife and helping to lower urban air temperatures and mitigate the heat island effect. The modern trend started when green roofs were developed in Germany in the 1960s, and has since spread to many countries. Today, it is estimated that about 10% of all German roofs have been “greened”. Green roofs are also becoming increasingly popular in the United States, although...

  20. Playful Postmodernism: Building with Diversity in the Postmodern Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Nancy; Barron, Mary; Holliman, Diane Carol; Karliner, Shelley; Walker, Uta M.

    2009-01-01

    The critical examination of language and the deconstruction of truth claims play an important role in how we build with diversity in our classrooms. We, as social work educators involved with playful postmodernism, recognize the significance of improvisation and playfulness in engaging the question: how is this examination and deconstruction done?…

  1. Greening hotels - building green values into hotel services

    OpenAIRE

    Darija Hays; Đurđana Ozretić-Došen

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The objective of this paper is to enhance knowledge about greening hotel services and the possibilities it provides for successful hotel management as well as for enrichment of hotel guest experiences. Design/Methodology/Approach – The paper is based on a summarized review of previous theoretical contributions and an investigative study of three business cases which relies on qualitative methodology. The case studies draw on interviews, archival materials and photographs. A case ...

  2. Research on green building design based on ecological concept

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Ping Qing

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available At present, the protection of the ecological environment and the promotion of green building has been recognized and widely promoted.With the rapid development of the construction industry, Architecture design will inevitably require the resentation of its unique form and charm to reflect the ecological concept and ecological culture, because of the unique nature of the art and the particularity of the environment. To establish the ecological concept of green building design and vigorously develop the green green building has a complementary role to alleviate the pressure on resources,and to speed up the eco city planning design, and to realize the sustainable development of the city, and to protect the urban ecological environmental.

  3. 76 FR 65511 - Office of Governmentwide Policy; Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; the Green...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-21

    ... provides the schedule and agenda for the first meeting of the Green Building Advisory Committee Meeting... Expert Meetings. Green Building Certification Systems review. --30 Minute public comment period for... ADMINISTRATION Office of Governmentwide Policy; Office of Federal High- Performance Green Buildings; the...

  4. Green Sharing: The Proposed Criteria in Green Building Standards to Promote the Usage of Natural Handicrafts in Building Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krasae-In Aracha

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable development has been a great challenge to the building and construction industry for decades. There have been many initiatives and attempts to create sustainability for the industry through the concept of the Green Building certificate in order to reduce the impact to environment and society while promoting better living conditions of the people involved in the project. This paper aims to examine all three aspects of sustainability; economy, environment and society, in the building and construction industry by proposing new criteria for the green building certificate. This will create opportunities for the community based handicraft building products to be specified and purchased to be used in the modern building and construction industry and share the economic value to the community.

  5. Minimizing Climate Change Impacts through the Application of Green Building Principles

    OpenAIRE

    Baharuddin

    2014-01-01

    The presentation explains the climate change and the role of green building in minimising the impact of climate change. The presentation covers the emerging issues, sustainable building, green building certification which covers: sustainable site, water efficiency, energy and

  6. New Construction for Commercial Building (Restaurant By Considering The Green Building Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MF Baharom

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The Green Building Index (GBI is one of green building strategies that are needed in order to decrease the human technologies and waste made by them. Moreover, GBI is the latest green building strategies that been implemented in the new building construction in Malaysia. It is proven as the building sector consumes 40% of the total energy consumption in the world, thus increasing the environmental problems. Mechanical, cooling, lighting and ventilating spaces consume by far the most energy in buildings. Besides the energy consumption, the cost needed to develop the new building also been increased. This project sought to provide an understanding on the new construction of commercial building (restaurant which is selected with the objectives which to design all the electrical installation including the lighting system, air-conditioner, switch socket outlet (SSO, protection system, and cable selection in the commercial building (restaurant based on the Malaysia’s GBI, to analyze the lighting system by using DIALux software and all the connected electrical loads after implementing the GBI standards, and lastly to analyze the energy consumption as well as the cost in the new construction for commercial building (restaurant. The electrical installation and building design are done by using AutoCAD software whereas the lighting system is analyzed by using DIALux software. The load calculation, energy and cost consumption are been analyzed based on the GBI and electrical standards. Based on the results obtained, the overall energy and cost consumptions in the commercial building had been improved after implementing the green building strategies. The overall electrical installation in the building will be based on energy efficiency criteria of the GBI assessment criteria on the non-residential (commercial building which having the highest point. An electrical installation design, AutoCAD design, load calculation, energy and cost consumption are made

  7. Building green supply chains in eco-industrial parks towards a green economy: Barriers and strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jacqueline; Pan, Shu-Yuan; Kim, Hyunook; Linn, Jean H; Chiang, Pen-Chi

    2015-10-01

    As suggested by UNEP, the key to sustainable development is to create a "green economy" which should encapsulate all three sectors: the industry, the people, and the government. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop and implement the green technologies into the existing facilities, especially in the developing countries. In this study, the role of green supply chains in eco-industrial parks (EIPs) towards a green economy was investigated. The strategies and effective evaluation procedures of the green economy were proposed by assessing the barriers from the perspective of institution, regulation, technology, and finance. In addition, three case studies from iron and steel-making, paper mill and pulping, and petrochemical industries were presented and illustrated for building the green supply chains. For example, in the case of Lin-Hai Industrial Park, a total of 15 efficient green supply chains using waste-to-resources technologies were established by 2012, resulting in an economic benefit of USD 100 million per year. It suggests that the green supply chains should be established to achieve both economic growth and environmental protection. With these successful experiences, building a green supply chain within industrial park should be extensively promoted to make traditional industries around the world being environmentally bearable, economic viable, and social equitable.

  8. Building green supply chains in eco-industrial parks towards a green economy: Barriers and strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jacqueline; Pan, Shu-Yuan; Kim, Hyunook; Linn, Jean H; Chiang, Pen-Chi

    2015-10-01

    As suggested by UNEP, the key to sustainable development is to create a "green economy" which should encapsulate all three sectors: the industry, the people, and the government. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop and implement the green technologies into the existing facilities, especially in the developing countries. In this study, the role of green supply chains in eco-industrial parks (EIPs) towards a green economy was investigated. The strategies and effective evaluation procedures of the green economy were proposed by assessing the barriers from the perspective of institution, regulation, technology, and finance. In addition, three case studies from iron and steel-making, paper mill and pulping, and petrochemical industries were presented and illustrated for building the green supply chains. For example, in the case of Lin-Hai Industrial Park, a total of 15 efficient green supply chains using waste-to-resources technologies were established by 2012, resulting in an economic benefit of USD 100 million per year. It suggests that the green supply chains should be established to achieve both economic growth and environmental protection. With these successful experiences, building a green supply chain within industrial park should be extensively promoted to make traditional industries around the world being environmentally bearable, economic viable, and social equitable. PMID:26241931

  9. Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building

    OpenAIRE

    Terwoert, J.; Ustailieva, E.

    2013-01-01

    This e-fact provides information on the work-related risk factors and the occupational safety and health (OSH) issues associated the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, on-site waste collection. Some of these OSH risks are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies or design. Other risks are well-known to the construction sector but they arise in new situations o...

  10. Research on the Evaluation Indicator System for Rural Green Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan; LI; Jianping; JIANG; Fang; LI; Longzhao; ZHAO

    2014-01-01

    Based on the actual situation and the survey results in rural areas,with the domestic and foreign advanced green building standard as a reference,we initially determine the evaluation indicator system for rural green building. We use the AHP-Delphi method to calculate the weight,and get a multi-goal,multi-factor,and multi-level rural green building evaluation method suitable for the rural environment,social and economic situation,and apply this method to 10 villages in Shaanxi Province. After the evaluation and scoring,we give the following recommendations:( i) Strengthening the energy-saving design and improving the living comfort;( ii) Enhancing the application of appropriate technologies;( iii) Improving the level of development environment.

  11. Multidisciplinary life cycle metrics and tools for green buildings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helgeson, Jennifer F; Lippiatt, Barbara C

    2009-07-01

    Building sector stakeholders need compelling metrics, tools, data, and case studies to support major investments in sustainable technologies. Proponents of green building widely claim that buildings integrating sustainable technologies are cost effective, but often these claims are based on incomplete, anecdotal evidence that is difficult to reproduce and defend. The claims suffer from 2 main weaknesses: 1) buildings on which claims are based are not necessarily "green" in a science-based, life cycle assessment (LCA) sense and 2) measures of cost effectiveness often are not based on standard methods for measuring economic worth. Yet, the building industry demands compelling metrics to justify sustainable building designs. The problem is hard to solve because, until now, neither methods nor robust data supporting defensible business cases were available. The US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Building and Fire Research Laboratory is beginning to address these needs by developing metrics and tools for assessing the life cycle economic and environmental performance of buildings. Economic performance is measured with the use of standard life cycle costing methods. Environmental performance is measured by LCA methods that assess the "carbon footprint" of buildings, as well as 11 other sustainability metrics, including fossil fuel depletion, smog formation, water use, habitat alteration, indoor air quality, and effects on human health. Carbon efficiency ratios and other eco-efficiency metrics are established to yield science-based measures of the relative worth, or "business cases," for green buildings. Here, the approach is illustrated through a realistic building case study focused on different heating, ventilation, air conditioning technology energy efficiency. Additionally, the evolution of the Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability multidisciplinary team and future plans in this area are described.

  12. Green Roofs Impact on Buildings Cooling Load

    OpenAIRE

    Besbes, Karim; Zoughaib, Assaad; Bouchie, Remi; Farkh, Salem

    2012-01-01

    Green roofs are being more and more promoted in south Europe. The main sales arguments are based on esthetic, depolution and thermal comfort. This paper proposes a model of the heat and mass transfer phenomenon taking place in these roofs. An experimental validation of the model is performed and presented. Four types of roofs are studied; the varied parameter is the type of soil used for the vegetation and the thermal inertia of the roof itself. The use of the developed model permits to condu...

  13. Sustainable Building in China—A Green Leap Forward?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jialiang Wang

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available China is constructing new commercial buildings at an enormous rate—roughly 2 billion square meters per year, with considerable interest and activity in green design and construction. We review the context of commercial building design and construction in China, and look at a specific project as an example of a high performance, sustainable design, the Shenzhen Institute of Building Research (IBR. The IBR building incorporates over 40 sustainable technologies and strategies, including daylighting, natural ventilation, gray-water recycling, solar-energy generation, and highly efficient Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC systems. We present measured data on the performance of the building, including detailed analysis by energy end use, water use, and occupant comfort and satisfaction. Total building energy consumption in 2011 was 1151 MWh, with an Energy Use Intensity (EUI of 63 kWh/m2 (20 kBtu/ft2, which is 61% of the mean EUI value of 103 kWh/m2 (33 kBtu/ft2 for similar buildings in the region. We also comment on the unique design process, which incorporated passive strategies throughout the building, and has led to high occupant satisfaction with the natural ventilation, daylighting, and green patio work areas. Lastly we present thoughts on how the design philosophy of the IBR building can be a guide for low-energy design in different climate regions throughout China and elsewhere.

  14. Sustainable Building in China -- A Green Leap Forward?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diamond, Richard [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Ye, Qing [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Feng, Wei [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Yan, Tao [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Mao, Hongwei [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Li, Yutong [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Guo, Yongcong [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China); Wang, Jialiang [Shenzhen Inst. of Building Research (China)

    2013-09-01

    China is constructing new commercial buildings at an enormous rate -- roughly 2 billion square meters per year, with considerable interest and activity in green design and construction. We review the context of commercial building design and construction in China, and look at a specific project as an example of a high performance, sustainable design, the Shenzhen Institute of Building Research (IBR). The IBR building incorporates over 40 sustainable technologies and strategies, including daylighting, natural ventilation, gray-water recycling, solar-energy generation, and highly efficient Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems. We present measured data on the performance of the building, including detailed analysis by energy end use, water use, and occupant comfort and satisfaction. Total building energy consumption in 2011 was 1151 MWh, with an Energy Use Intensity (EUI) of 63 kWh/m2 (20 kBtu/ft2), which is 61% of the mean EUI value of 103 kWh/m2 (33 kBtu/ft2) for similar buildings in the region. We also comment on the unique design process, which incorporated passive strategies throughout the building, and has led to high occupant satisfaction with the natural ventilation, daylighting, and green patio work areas. Lastly we present thoughts on how the design philosophy of the IBR building can be a guide for low-energy design in different climate regions throughout China and elsewhere.

  15. Building a Green House in the Redwoods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enos, David

    2013-01-01

    Designing and building homes is normally the responsibility of a professionally trained workforce. So a lot of people are skeptical about the idea of a team of high school students taking on those tasks. Would a young, untrained group of students be able to undertake and successfully complete the construction of an entire home, from start to…

  16. Green buildings. Laying tomorrow's foundations today

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijk, H.A.L. van

    2013-01-01

    Expectations about what buildings should be like have dramatically changed over time. Now the industry must strive to meet demands for functionality, comfort and design together with environmental sustainability and energy efficiency. ISO has developed a toolbox of practical state-of-the-art Interna

  17. Assessment Framework of Building Facade in Optimizing Indoor Thermal Comfort of Green Building Index (GBI Certified Office Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Tharim Asniza Hamimi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available During the past decade, the construction industry has seen a new trend in the development of “green” or “sustainable” construction concept around the world with vast support from prominent organization, together with the introduction of sustainable building codes. The establishment of green building certification systems worldwide is seen as one of the most efforts in the emerging green building movement. In order to support the development of the “green” and “sustainable” concept in Malaysia, Green Building Index (GBI was launched by the government on 21 May 2009 that created to promote sustainability in the built environment and raise awareness of environmental issues. However, the construction industry seems to have focused only on findings the “right mechanism” for an environmentally sustainable “final result” in order for the building to be certified as green with the lacking of continuous assessment on the building performance after the certifications. This study is purposely conducted to investigate the performance of various rated Green Building Index (GBI Non-Residential New Construction office buildings and the influence on Indoor Thermal Comfort (ITC of the selected buildings. The aim is to develop an assessment framework for optimum green building architectural façade to be used for office buildings in Malaysia as well as to analyse the occupants’ perception, satisfaction and performance in the selected Green Building Index (GBI rated office indoor environment. This research is still in its infancy; therefore the paper is focused on research aims, research scope and methodology, and expected deliverables for the proposed research.

  18. Green Building Construction Thermal Isolation Materials (Rockwool)

    OpenAIRE

    M. Itewi

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: Building insulation consisting roughly to anything in a structure that is utilizes as insulation for any reason. Thermal insulation in structures is a significant feature to attaining thermal comfort for its tenants. Approach: Insulation decreases unnecessary warmth loss or gain and can reduce the power burdens of heating and cooling structures. It does not automatically having anything to do with problems of sufficient exposure to air and might or might...

  19. Game-Based Learning for Green Building Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Kai Juan

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available To improve education regarding sustainability and green buildings, we designed a multiplayer (2–4 people green building strategy game called GBGame to deliver knowledge of and introduce applied technologies for green buildings. To verify the game’s learning effect, we conducted separate measurements using the ARCS motivation model and a paper-based exam among 72 students majoring in architecture. These students were divided into an experimental group (who played the game and a control group (who underwent lecture-based instruction. Results indicate that (1 game players had stronger learning motivation than those who attended the lectures; (2 players who learned through the game generally exhibited better learning effectiveness than non-players; (3 following cross-validation, we discovered a highly significant correlation between the learning effect and players’ attention, perception of relevance, confidence, and satisfaction during the game; and (4 the game system was found to be attractive to the students, implying that it can be an effective instructional and recreational material to use during green building education.

  20. Contribution Index Based on Green Building Certification Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuting Sun

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Green Building Certification Systems (GBCS are carried out in many countries due to the rising awareness of the importance of sustainability in the building industry. The intention should have motivated participants to construct and operate buildings sustainably, however, there is not yet a method developed to investigate the motivation of the participants. Based on the GBCS, this paper proposes the contribution index as a standard global method to analyze the performance of participants in the green building industry. Three contribution indices, namely Frequency Contribution Index (FCI, Intensity Contribution Index (ICI and Comprehensive Contribution Index (CCI that concern each different category of participant, have been formulated. Three further analyses based on the index were undertaken to investigate some features of the industry. A case study of Singapore was conducted to show how the contribution index could be used to extract industry patterns and trends and assess the participants’ performance in the green building industry. Interviews with experts provide some suggested applications and support for the findings.

  1. Landscape architecture student Christina Hicks receives recognition in James River Green Building Council's 2009 Green Spaces Competition

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, Heather Riley

    2009-01-01

    Christina Hicks of Stafford, Va., a fifth-year landscape architecture student, is the Honor Winner of the 2009 James River Green Building Council's (JRGBC) Green Spaces Competition in the student division.

  2. The case of Hong Kong : from conventional building to green building

    OpenAIRE

    Tam, Wing-ming; 譚永明

    2013-01-01

    Resources like water and electricity are limited and the usage of these resources are increasing along with the city’s development. Information released by different environmental organizations suggests that the consumption of these limited resources by a conventional building is huge. Green building plays an important role in improving this situation. This dissertation first finds out the energy usage of conventional buildings from different environmental organizations and different scho...

  3. Green Template for Life Cycle Assessment of Buildings Based on Building Information Modeling: Focus on Embodied Environmental Impact

    OpenAIRE

    Sungwoo Lee; Sungho Tae; Seungjun Roh; Taehyung Kim

    2015-01-01

    The increased popularity of building information modeling (BIM) for application in the construction of eco-friendly green buildings has given rise to techniques for evaluating green buildings constructed using BIM features. Existing BIM-based green building evaluation techniques mostly rely on externally provided evaluation tools, which pose problems associated with interoperability, including a lack of data compatibility and the amount of time required for format conversion. To overcome thes...

  4. From Green Building to Low Carbon Eco-City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    After reviewing the development of energy-saving construction and green buildings in China,the author suggests that in order to develop low carbon cities in China,efforts should be put into both green buildings construction and low carbon ecologic city development.The paper divides the low-carbon ecologic cities into four categories and summarizes the experiences gained from the ecologic city development in Sino-Singapore Ecologic City in Tianjin and Caofeidian in Tangshan.In addition,it also introduces the general idea for low carbon city development in China and the particular requirements for the planning and construction,as well as the critical techniques for low carbon ecologic city development.

  5. A Study on Plant Selection for Green Building Design

    OpenAIRE

    Izudinshah Abd. Wahab; Lokman Hakim Ismail

    2013-01-01

    Previous researches show that incorporating natural elements in design has proven a significant result in balancing building indoor environment. Using plant as part of the design has been widely accepted to contribute good thermal impact as shown in bioclimatic design, green roofing system and living wall elements. As there are so many species of plants for selection, this research was carried out to analyze types of indoor plants that have the potential to contribute thermal comfort to their...

  6. Green buildings in Malaysia towards greener environment: challenges for policy makers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suhaida, M. S.; Tan, K. L.; Leong, Y. P.

    2013-06-01

    The launch of the National Green Technology Policy (NGTP) in 2009 is a manifesto of the government's seriousness in implementing "green" initiatives for the country. Specifically for buildings, the government promotes the application of renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) and the application of green building index. With the introduction of Low Carbon Cities Framework, Green Pass, Green Neighbourhood, Green Building Index by various agencies and organisations in Malaysia, it is time to look back and see how all these tools could come together. This paper attempts to identify the challenges in harmonising the green initiatives for policy makers toward greener environment for sustainability.

  7. Green buildings in Malaysia towards greener environment: challenges for policy makers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The launch of the National Green Technology Policy (NGTP) in 2009 is a manifesto of the government's seriousness in implementing 'green' initiatives for the country. Specifically for buildings, the government promotes the application of renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) and the application of green building index. With the introduction of Low Carbon Cities Framework, Green Pass, Green Neighbourhood, Green Building Index by various agencies and organisations in Malaysia, it is time to look back and see how all these tools could come together. This paper attempts to identify the challenges in harmonising the green initiatives for policy makers toward greener environment for sustainability.

  8. Dynamic Simulation of the Green Roofs Impact on Building Energy Performance, Case Study of Antananarivo, Madagascar

    OpenAIRE

    Hery Tiana Rakotondramiarana; Tojo Fanomezana Ranaivoarisoa; Dominique Morau

    2015-01-01

    Green roofs improve building energy performance and constitute an alternative to sustainable buildings. A green roof model is dynamically coupled with a building thermal model to assess its energy performance that takes into account the indoor air temperature dynamic changes. Under the climate conditions in Antananarivo, we compared green and conventional roofs. The present study shows that green roofs protect the roof structure under extreme temperature and large temperature fluctuations. Fo...

  9. Leadership for Inclusion School leadership that motivates teachers to build inclusive classrooms.

    OpenAIRE

    Qeleni, Merelesita Tiadama

    2013-01-01

    The promotion of inclusive education and demand by governments for schools to become a School for All will demand school leadership that will help classroom teachers build inclusive classrooms. Using qualitative interviews, the study investigated how three Norwegian inclusive school leaders motivated their teachers to build inclusive classrooms. The research found that the extent to which school leaders perceived the importance of inclusive education through the promotion of teachers learning...

  10. Environmental performance of green building code and certification systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suh, Sangwon; Tomar, Shivira; Leighton, Matthew; Kneifel, Joshua

    2014-01-01

    We examined the potential life-cycle environmental impact reduction of three green building code and certification (GBCC) systems: LEED, ASHRAE 189.1, and IgCC. A recently completed whole-building life cycle assessment (LCA) database of NIST was applied to a prototype building model specification by NREL. TRACI 2.0 of EPA was used for life cycle impact assessment (LCIA). The results showed that the baseline building model generates about 18 thousand metric tons CO2-equiv. of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and consumes 6 terajoule (TJ) of primary energy and 328 million liter of water over its life-cycle. Overall, GBCC-compliant building models generated 0% to 25% less environmental impacts than the baseline case (average 14% reduction). The largest reductions were associated with acidification (25%), human health-respiratory (24%), and global warming (GW) (22%), while no reductions were observed for ozone layer depletion (OD) and land use (LU). The performances of the three GBCC-compliant building models measured in life-cycle impact reduction were comparable. A sensitivity analysis showed that the comparative results were reasonably robust, although some results were relatively sensitive to the behavioral parameters, including employee transportation and purchased electricity during the occupancy phase (average sensitivity coefficients 0.26-0.29). PMID:24483287

  11. Developing policies for green buildings: what can the United States learn from the Netherlands?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Retzlaff

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Political jurisdictions in the United States have begun to develop plans that address green buildings, a topic on which the Netherlands has extensive experience. This article analyzes the literature on Dutch green buildings to look for lessons that might be relevant for the development of polices in the United States. Through a metasynthesis of seventeen studies on green building policies in the Netherlands, the study identifies patterns in the literature and creates a holistic interpretation. These data are compared with the literature on green building policies in the United States. The article concludes that guidance from the federal government?including a stronger research agenda for green building policy issues?could help spur innovation. Reliance on voluntary green building certification has very limited potential and stronger regulations are needed in the United States to minimize the environmental impacts of buildings. A flexible, broad policy system is also required.

  12. 立体绿化增绿方法%Methods of Increasing Green Coverage of Modern Residential Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱双营; 吴云霄

    2009-01-01

    Three-dimensional greening of building is undoubtedly an effective way to increase green coverage and green biomass for cities with crowded buildings, concentrated population and limited land for landscaping. The paper is aimed to study selection of plant species,models of greening and overall patterns of greening of buildings for four major types of three-dimensional greening. The paper also proposes some measures for the development of the three-dimensional greening in the future.

  13. Assessment of the Green Building Education Needs of North Carolina Real Estate Appraisers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, Lee F., Jr.

    2011-12-01

    The construction industry has experienced little growth since the beginning of the 2008 recession. Despite this phenomenon, green building remains in the forefront as a growing sector within the industry. There are, however, many barriers to the success and widespread adoption of high performance green building practices. This study focused on the real estate appraisal industry's role in determining the value of properties with green features. The study sample included appraisers from regions within North Carolina that have the largest numbers of certified commercial and residential green buildings. The central hypothesis predicted that, regardless of the number of certified green buildings or properties with green building features within the study areas, appraisers lack the experience and knowledge needed in order to provide an accurate appraisal of these properties. The research methods used for this study included surveys, interviews, case studies, and an extensive international literature review. In addition, industry experts throughout the United States were interviewed. The study generated a green building education gap analysis of real estate appraisers in addition to identification of the primary methods currently being used in the valuation of properties with green features. The results of this research will be utilized by green building workforce development providers and for the creation of green building continuing education and regional certification programs for real estate appraisers and other building professionals.

  14. The Teaching Green School Building: A Framework for Linking Architecture and Environmental Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Laura B.

    2014-01-01

    The "Teaching Green School Building" is an emergent type of school building that attempts to engage building users with environmental issues in buildings. Architectural interventions in these buildings range from signage to interactive touch screens to gardens and demonstration kitchens that foster educational programmes about…

  15. Green Kidz: Young learners engage in intercultural environmental citizenship in the English language classroom in Argentina and Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Porto, Melina; Daryai-Hansen, Petra; Arcuri, Maria Emilia;

    2016-01-01

    Projektet "Green Kidz. Intercultural environmental citizenship in the English language classroom in Argentina and Denmark" er en del af et internationalt udviklingsprojekt, der er ledet af Michael Byram, Durham University. Projektet belyser, hvordan interkulturelt medborgerskab kan styrkes i...

  16. A Pragmatist Perspective on Building Intercultural Communicative Competency: From Theory to Classroom Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moeller, Aleidine J.; Osborn, Sarah R. Faltin

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes and synthesizes the major theoretical frameworks for building intercultural communicative competency (ICC) within the domain of the foreign language classroom. Researchers used a pragmatist orientation as a venue for the translation of theoretical models into usable, accessible guidelines for classroom teachers in order to…

  17. A Financing Model to Solve Financial Barriers for Implementing Green Building Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanghyo Lee

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Along with the growing interest in greenhouse gas reduction, the effect of greenhouse gas energy reduction from implementing green buildings is gaining attention. The government of the Republic of Korea has set green growth as its paradigm for national development, and there is a growing interest in energy saving for green buildings. However, green buildings may have financial barriers that have high initial construction costs and uncertainties about future project value. Under the circumstances, governmental support to attract private funding is necessary to implement green building projects. The objective of this study is to suggest a financing model for facilitating green building projects with a governmental guarantee based on Certified Emission Reduction (CER. In this model, the government provides a guarantee for the increased costs of a green building project in return for CER. And this study presents the validation of the model as well as feasibility for implementing green building project. In addition, the suggested model assumed governmental guarantees for the increased cost, but private guarantees seem to be feasible as well because of the promising value of the guarantee from CER. To do this, certification of Clean Development Mechanisms (CDMs for green buildings must be obtained.

  18. Brief Analysis on Building High Efficiency of Classroom Teaching in Primary School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘智爱

    2013-01-01

    It has three aspects to discuss the strategy on how to build the high efficiency classroom teaching from the preparation before class, the teaching process and the teaching after the class. New curriculum reformation calls for the innovation of classroom to build the efficient class and then effectively inspire students’ learning enthusiasms. It requires teachers should make clear, scientific, comprehensive teaching objectives and control the whole teaching processes. Let the students enjoy the successfull learning and enhance their confidence in learning English.

  19. A Study on Plant Selection for Green Building Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izudinshah Abd. Wahab

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Previous researches show that incorporating natural elements in design has proven a significant result in balancing building indoor environment. Using plant as part of the design has been widely accepted to contribute good thermal impact as shown in bioclimatic design, green roofing system and living wall elements. As there are so many species of plants for selection, this research was carried out to analyze types of indoor plants that have the potential to contribute thermal comfort to their surrounding. Based on the fact that plant leaves are the part where transpiration and guttation take place, plants are categorized into seven types based on their leaves architecture. They were then tested on their impact on surrounding temperature and humidity. Result shows that Linear, Lanceolate and Oblong shaped leaves categories are good in lowering the relative humidity while the categories that are good in lowering the temperature are Linear, Lanceolate, Cordate and Oblong shaped leaves categories. The study was carried out through series of relative humidity and air temperature monitoring of several room casings that consist with the plants. Both relative humidity and air temperature of the rooms with plants were recorded lower compared with the one without plant. Different categories of plants do give good result in relative humidity and air temperature. Thus, with a good combination of plant installation inside or onto building, it may contribute towards providing a good thermal comfort to the occupants.

  20. Performance Evaluation of Green Roof for Thermal Protection of Buildings In Reunion Island

    OpenAIRE

    Morau, Dominique; Libelle, Teddy; Garde, François

    2012-01-01

    International audience Green roofs provide environmental benefits by protecting buildings against solar radiation and temperature fluctuations and by reducing building's energy consumption by direct shading. Our objective was to evaluate for the first time the performance of an extensive green roof in Reunion Island (Indian Ocean) influenced by a tropical humid climate. The green roof performance was explored by evaluating its effect on temperature fluctuations and heat fluxes during the s...

  1. 绿色建筑评价探讨%Discussion on Evaluation of Green Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘朝永

    2013-01-01

    介绍GB/T 50378-2006《绿色建筑评价标准》、《绿色建筑评价技术细则》(试行)、 JGJ/T 229-2010《民用建筑绿色设计规范》关于绿色建筑评价标识的规定;针对目前绿色建筑评价标准的局限性提出建议。%The paper gives an account on the provisions on evaluation identification of green buildings specified in GB/T 50378-2006 Evaluation Standard for Green Building, Detailed Rules on Evaluation Techniques for Green Buildings ( on trial) and JGJ / T 229-2010 Code for Green Design of Civil Buildings , and provides suggestions on current limitations in evaluation standards for green buildings.

  2. Comparative Policy Study for Green Buildings in U.S. and China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khanna, Nina; Romankiewicz, John; Feng, Wei; Zhou, Nan; Ye, Qing

    2014-04-01

    Prominent barriers facing the U.S. green building industry include the fact that government bodies that supervise health, fire safety, land, and other public operations are slow to revise codes to accommodate green building (regulatory barrier). In China, the lack of a green building professional accreditation process similar to the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) AP process limits the green building workforce capacity development (informational barrier). The main policies highlighted in this report to tackle these barriers are 1) comprehensive codes and labeling plan (informational, institutional), 2) government-led targets and demonstrations (risk), 3) education and awareness programs (informational), 4) fiscal policy that supports green building investment (financial), and 5) integrated design promotion (institutional, financial).

  3. The market for green building in developed Asian cities. The perspectives of building designers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green building (GB) is part of the concept of promoting sustainability. Although GB and the concept of sustainability are well studied for environmental concerns, their business rationale and related social concerns have not been fully explored or widely accepted by the parties involved in the building sector. In this study, the situation of GB market in relation to the general building market is reviewed and the business rationales of stakeholders to invest in the GB market have been investigated from the perspective of building designers. In addition, the factors that enhance the popularity of GB have been explored and the obstacles that hinder its market have been examined. The data are collected by a questionnaire survey covering building designers in Hong Kong and Singapore, the cities that are categorized as economically developed cities in Asia. After data analysis of the survey, this paper presents the findings of the business reasons for stakeholders to be involved in GB, the most favorable conditions required to promote GB business and the important obstacles that hinder its popularity. Based on the findings, recommendations and policy implications are tendered. (author)

  4. The market for green building in developed Asian cities-the perspectives of building designers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green building (GB) is part of the concept of promoting sustainability. Although GB and the concept of sustainability are well studied for environmental concerns, their business rationale and related social concerns have not been fully explored or widely accepted by the parties involved in the building sector. In this study, the situation of GB market in relation to the general building market is reviewed and the business rationales of stakeholders to invest in the GB market have been investigated from the perspective of building designers. In addition, the factors that enhance the popularity of GB have been explored and the obstacles that hinder its market have been examined. The data are collected by a questionnaire survey covering building designers in Hong Kong and Singapore, the cities that are categorized as economically developed cities in Asia. After data analysis of the survey, this paper presents the findings of the business reasons for stakeholders to be involved in GB, the most favorable conditions required to promote GB business and the important obstacles that hinder its popularity. Based on the findings, recommendations and policy implications are tendered.

  5. Effects of building roof greening on air quality in street canyons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baik, Jong-Jin; Kwak, Kyung-Hwan; Park, Seung-Bu; Ryu, Young-Hee

    2012-12-01

    Building roof greening is a successful strategy for improving urban thermal environment. It is of theoretical interest and practical importance to study the effects of building roof greening on urban air quality in a systematic and quantitative way. In this study, we examine the effects of building roof greening on air quality in street canyons using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model that includes the thermodynamic energy equation and the transport equation of passive, non-reactive pollutants. For simplicity, building roof greening is represented by specified cooling. Results for a simple building configuration with a street canyon aspect ratio of one show that the cool air produced due to building roof greening flows into the street canyon, giving rise to strengthened street canyon flow. The strengthened street canyon flow enhances pollutant dispersion near the road, which decreases pollutant concentration there. Thus, building roof greening improves air quality near the road. The degree of air quality improvement near the road increases as the cooling intensity increases. In the middle region of the street canyon, the air quality can worsen when the cooling intensity is not too strong. Results for a real urban morphology also show that building roof greening improves air quality near roads. The degree of air quality improvement near roads due to building roof greening depends on the ambient wind direction. These findings provide a theoretical foundation for constructing green roofs for the purpose of improving air quality near roads or at a pedestrian level as well as urban thermal environment. Further studies using a CFD model coupled with a photochemistry model and a surface energy balance model are required to evaluate the effects of building roof greening on air quality in street canyons in a more realistic framework.

  6. Doing Well by Doing Good? Green Office Buildings. Program on Housing and Urban Policy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eichholtz, P.; Kok, N. [Maastricht University, Maastricht (Netherlands); Quigley, J.M. [Institute of Business and Economic Research IBER, Fisher Center for Real Estate and Urban Economics, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2009-08-15

    This paper provides the first credible evidence on the economic value of the certification of 'green buildings' - value derived from impersonal market transactions rather than engineering estimates. For some 10,000 subject and control buildings, we match publicly available information on the addresses of Energy Star and LEED-rated (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) office buildings to the characteristics of these buildings, their rental rates and selling prices. We find that buildings with a 'green rating' command rental rates that are roughly three percent higher per square foot than otherwise identical buildings - controlling for the quality and the specific location of office buildings. Ceteris paribus, premiums in effective rents are even higher - above six percent. Selling prices of green buildings are higher by about 16 percent. For the Energy-Star-certified buildings in this sample, we subsequently obtained detailed estimates of site and source energy usage from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Our analysis establishes that variations in the premium for green office buildings are systematically related to their energy-saving characteristics. For example, calculations show that a one dollar saving in energy costs from increased thermal efficiency yields roughly 18 dollars in the increased valuation of an Energy-Star certified building. Beyond the direct effects of energy savings, further evidence suggests that the intangible effects of the label itself also play a role in determining the value of green buildings in the marketplace.

  7. Storytelling Dramas as a Community Building Activity in an Early Childhood Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Cheryl; Diener, Marissa L.; Kemp, Jacqueline Lindsay

    2013-01-01

    Healthy social-emotional development is promoted by building a safe, secure and respectful environment in an early childhood setting with positive and consistent relationships among adults, children, and their peers. This study explored storytelling dramas as an opportunity to build community within the context of one early childhood classroom.…

  8. Mind the Gap:Predicted vs.Actual Performance of Green Buildings%Mind the Gap:Predicted vs. Actual Performance of Green Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Brett Pollard

    2012-01-01

    This paper reviews the major North American and Australian sustainability rating tools to determine how they measure building energy performance. It then reviews the major building energy simulation software packages.The paper then details some of the literature surrounding predicted vs. actual energy performance in green buildings,and concludes with an argument for a more performance-orientated ratings regime.

  9. Sustainability in Schools: Why Green Buildings Have Become a Catalyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Stephanie; Dunbar, Brian; Schiller, Craig

    2012-01-01

    With the increase in both green school construction and research linking green schools to healthier students, higher performance and financial return on investment, it is no surprise that the green school design practices are quickly becoming standard practice. This is reason for celebration, yet there are still many mountains to climb to achieve…

  10. Dynamic Simulation of the Green Roofs Impact on Building Energy Performance, Case Study of Antananarivo, Madagascar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hery Tiana Rakotondramiarana

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Green roofs improve building energy performance and constitute an alternative to sustainable buildings. A green roof model is dynamically coupled with a building thermal model to assess its energy performance that takes into account the indoor air temperature dynamic changes. Under the climate conditions in Antananarivo, we compared green and conventional roofs. The present study shows that green roofs protect the roof structure under extreme temperature and large temperature fluctuations. For the case of Antananarivo, the amplitude of the temperature fluctuations at the top face of the support is reduced by 28 °C when using green roof. The impact of the green roof on indoor air temperature and energy demand is investigated. The vegetation decreases the maximum indoor air temperature and improves the building thermal comfort during summer days. It has no effect on the minimum indoor air temperature, but additional soil thickness can increase it. In addition, a global sensitivity analysis, which is carried out on the proposed model without considering any specific weather data, allows us to identify the most influential parameters on the energy demand. It has been found that green roofs have almost insignificant thermal impact in insulated buildings; however, their potential prevails over the building envelope and weather characteristics in the case of non-insulated building.

  11. Green Template for Life Cycle Assessment of Buildings Based on Building Information Modeling: Focus on Embodied Environmental Impact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sungwoo Lee

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The increased popularity of building information modeling (BIM for application in the construction of eco-friendly green buildings has given rise to techniques for evaluating green buildings constructed using BIM features. Existing BIM-based green building evaluation techniques mostly rely on externally provided evaluation tools, which pose problems associated with interoperability, including a lack of data compatibility and the amount of time required for format conversion. To overcome these problems, this study sets out to develop a template (the “green template” for evaluating the embodied environmental impact of using a BIM design tool as part of BIM-based building life-cycle assessment (LCA technology development. Firstly, the BIM level of detail (LOD was determined to evaluate the embodied environmental impact, and constructed a database of the impact factors of the embodied environmental impact of the major building materials, thereby adopting an LCA-based approach. The libraries of major building elements were developed by using the established databases and compiled evaluation table of the embodied environmental impact of the building materials. Finally, the green template was developed as an embodied environmental impact evaluation tool and a case study was performed to test its applicability. The results of the green template-based embodied environmental impact evaluation of a test building were validated against those of its actual quantity takeoff (2D takeoff, and its reliability was confirmed by an effective error rate of ≤5%. This study aims to develop a system for assessing the impact of the substances discharged from concrete production process on six environmental impact categories, i.e., global warming (GWP, acidification (AP, eutrophication (EP, abiotic depletion (ADP, ozone depletion (ODP, and photochemical oxidant creation (POCP, using the life a cycle assessment (LCA method. To achieve this, we proposed an LCA method

  12. Mind the Gap:Predicted vs.Actual Performance of Green Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Brett Pollard

    2012-01-01

    This paper reviews the major North American and Australian sustainability rating tools to determine how they measure building energy performance.It then reviews the major building energy simulation software packages.The paper then details some of the literature surrounding predicted vs.actual energy performance in green buildings,and concludes with an argument for a more performance-orientated ratings regime.

  13. Green Buildings in Denmark – From radical ecology to consumer oriented market approaches?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole; Gram-Hanssen, Kirsten

    2004-01-01

    Gram-Hanssen and Jensen explore the development of green buildings in Denmark over the last three decades, identifying differences in design philosophies and techniques. They look at four approaches to green buildings: as energy-saving devices, as ecological grassroots alternatives, as subsidised...... large-scale urban projects, and as consumer products in a market approach. Using detailed case descriptions, the chapter asks to what extent it is possible to define some buildings or some approaches as more 'green' than others. The authors suggest that in order to more fully understand sustainable...

  14. KPI Building Blocks For Successful Green Transport Corridor Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prause Gunnar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The green transport corridor concept represents a cornerstone in the development of integrated and sustainable transport solutions. Important properties of green corridors are their transnational character and their high involvement of large numbers of public and private stakeholders, including political level, requiring sophisticated approaches for implementation, management and governance. The current scientific discussion focusses on Key Performance Indicators (KPI for monitoring and management of green transport corridor performance emphasizing the operational aspects.

  15. Building Bridges for Boys: Graphic Novels in the Content Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brozo, William G.

    2012-01-01

    National surveys reveal that graphic novels are perhaps the most popular recreational reading choice for adolescents--especially among boys. Graphic novels cover numerous topics, and this variety, along with their enormous popularity, makes them enticing and useful resources for teaching and learning in virtually any classroom. Since the…

  16. Research on the Weight of Index for the Assessment Standard for Green Store Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Zhao; Jian Kang; Hong Jin

    2014-01-01

    Assessment standard for green store building of national standard has been compiled. The index has been given by experts’ subjective assignment based on experience. Analytic hierarchy process has been used, making questionnaires of experts, using pairwise comparison and calculating the weight of each index. The weight of index in assessment would not only make quantitative evaluation on the whole situation of green store buildings, but also provide the foundation for compilation and revision.

  17. Theoretical Explanations of Environmental Motivations and Expectations of Clients on Green Building Demand and Investment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iheanyichukwu Joachim, Onuoha; Kamarudin, Norhaya; Uche Aliagha, Godwin; Ufere, Kalu Joseph

    2015-01-01

    In building industry, green demand and investment creates a positive footprint on the environment. However, these environmental opportunities have not been adequately harnessed and explored by Clients of green building apparently because of poor understanding of the motivating drivers and benefits accruing from green building demand and investment. The decision to demand for or invest in green building is influenced by certain environmental motivating drivers and expectations which have not been fully examined by researchers and not well understood by stakeholders. Based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) and Theory of Value Belief Norm (VBN) explanations, this study focused on the Clients, purchasers and users' motivations and intentions to go for green building. Based on the reviewed theories, we hypothesized that environmental motivations and expectations for green building demand and investment are embedded in the environmental quest for protection of eco-system and bio-diversity, improvement of water and air quality, reduction of solid waste, conservation of natural resources, reduction of societal costs of landfill creation and maintenance, minimization of site impact and reduction emission to air and enhanced energy efficiency. However, the predictive validity of these propositions depends on the client's beliefs, values, social pressure, and perceived behavioural control.

  18. Theoretical Explanations of Environmental Motivations and Expectations of Clients on Green Building Demand and Investment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In building industry, green demand and investment creates a positive footprint on the environment. However, these environmental opportunities have not been adequately harnessed and explored by Clients of green building apparently because of poor understanding of the motivating drivers and benefits accruing from green building demand and investment. The decision to demand for or invest in green building is influenced by certain environmental motivating drivers and expectations which have not been fully examined by researchers and not well understood by stakeholders. Based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) and Theory of Value Belief Norm (VBN) explanations, this study focused on the Clients, purchasers and users' motivations and intentions to go for green building. Based on the reviewed theories, we hypothesized that environmental motivations and expectations for green building demand and investment are embedded in the environmental quest for protection of eco-system and bio-diversity, improvement of water and air quality, reduction of solid waste, conservation of natural resources, reduction of societal costs of landfill creation and maintenance, minimization of site impact and reduction emission to air and enhanced energy efficiency. However, the predictive validity of these propositions depends on the client's beliefs, values, social pressure, and perceived behavioural control

  19. Investigation on Smoke Movement and Smoke Control for Atrium in Green and Sustainable Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fang, Lui; Nielsen, Peter V.; Brohus, Henrik

    The concepts of green buildings and sustainable buildings are promoted actively in the developed countries. Targets are on protecting the environment, using less energy through natural ventilation provisions and daylight utilization, developing better waste management and taking resource conserva......The concepts of green buildings and sustainable buildings are promoted actively in the developed countries. Targets are on protecting the environment, using less energy through natural ventilation provisions and daylight utilization, developing better waste management and taking resource...... design in the green or sustainable buildings with an atrium. Since the physics of air entrainment is not yet clearly understood, most of the fire plume expressions reported in the literature was derived empirically. Experiments and CFD simulation were used to study the different types of thermal plumes...... University from January 2007 to June 2007. As the time limitation the further analysis of the result is needed when I go back to Chongqing University....

  20. Building an Astronomy Community to Sustain Research in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croft, S. K.; Pompea, S. M.; Walker, C. E.; NOAO Education Outreach Team

    2004-12-01

    Teacher Leaders in Research Based Science Education (TLRBSE) is a teacher professional development program that has been created at the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) in Tucson, AZ, for middle and high school science teachers. It integrates several prominent trends in American science education, including the use of technology in the classroom, the development of inquiry-based science curricula closely modeling professional science practice, teacher retention and renewal, and the creation of communities of science learners consisting of both teachers and students. TLRBSE is designed to give middle and high school science teachers experience in working on real astronomy research projects with each other and with professional scientists. The teachers are also trained in research-based pedagogy so that they can effectively take these research projects into their classrooms to share with their students and colleagues. Program elements include: a 14-week graduate-level distance-learning course, a two-week on-site training workshop in Tucson that includes a week's observing at Kitt Peak using world-class telescopes, use of research-based science education in the classroom, and two years mentoring of three inexperienced science teachers. Our current research projects are Nova Search, Active Galactic Nuclei, Variable Stars, and Zeeman Splitting in Sunspots. Students and teachers in the program are also able to publish their research projects in the RBSE Journal. New program elements designed to provide ongoing activity in the learning community and increase teacher and student astronomical research skills include the Remote Telescope Observing Program in which students run telescopes in real time from their classroom, and the Teacher Observing Program in which individual teachers return to Kitt Peak with a small team of students to carry out their own research projects. This project is supported by NSF.

  1. Modelling the affordance in the field of green building

    OpenAIRE

    Bona, Audrey

    2016-01-01

    The energetic performance of sustainable buildings is significantly lower than expected and therefore the impact of user behaviour becomes a crucial element. Different solutions are implemented to achieve predicted performance; these range from information i.e. user guides, to the influence of user behaviour through building automation reducing the users’ control. The possibility of designing more efficient buildings without altering the relationship between the user and the building, and wit...

  2. Intentional Learners, Cooperative Knowledge Building, and Classroom Inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messina, Richard

    This paper describes how a fourth grade class at a Canadian laboratory school used an approach to knowledge building that had students participating as intentional learners as they specialized in interest groups for their study of light. It examines how, later in the year, the goal of building collective knowledge became the focus for this group…

  3. Building Classroom Communities at the University Level. Teaching Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gould, Caroline A.

    2001-01-01

    Shows how a university course in human growth and learning can provide multiple opportunities to explore the concept of community for preservice teachers. Provides a rationale for building community and discusses students' concerns with behavior management and school violence. Presents strategies that build communities, including demonstrating the…

  4. Multi-Player Epistemic Games: Guiding the Enactment of Classroom Knowledge-Building Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bielaczyc, Katerine; Ow, John

    2014-01-01

    Teachers and students face many challenges in shifting from traditional classroom cultures to enacting the "Knowledge-Building Communities" model (KBC model) supported by the CSCL environment, "Knowledge Forum" (Bereiter, 2002; Bereiter & Scardamalia, 1993; Scardamalia, 2002; Scardamalia & Bereiter, 2006). Enacting the…

  5. Building Social Inclusion through Critical Arts-Based Pedagogies in University Classroom Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chappell, Sharon Verner; Chappell, Drew

    2016-01-01

    In humanities and education university classrooms, the authors facilitated counter-narrative arts-based inquiry projects in order to build critical thought and social inclusion. The first author examines public performance installations created by graduate students in elementary and bilingual education on needs-based and dignity-based rights of…

  6. Engaging the Spiritual Intelligence of Gifted Students to Build Global Awareness in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sisk, Dorothy

    2008-01-01

    Spiritual intelligence--using a multisensory approach to access one's inner knowledge to solve global problems--can be an integrating theme to engage gifted students in building global awareness in the classroom. This article introduces individuals providing training in higher consciousness and presents examples of strategies to further develop…

  7. Promote Green Building, Facilitate Energy Efficiency and Emissions Reduction, and Improve Habitat Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ Green building here refers to the practice of creating structures able to best achieve efficient and environmentally friendly use of resources (energy, land, water, materials) throughout the life-cycle so as to offer healthy, convenient and pleasant buildings for people to live and work in in harmony with nature.It has become a worldwide trend in the development of the construction industry.

  8. Promote Green Building, Facilitate Energy Efficiency and Emissions Reduction, and Improve Habitat Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Green building here refers to the practice of creating structures able to best achieve efficient and environmentally friendly use of resources(energy, land, water, materials) throughout the life-cycle so as to offer healthy, convenient and pleasant buildings for people to live and work in in harmony with nature. It has become a worldwide trend in the development of the construction industry.

  9. IMPLEMENTATION OF GREEN BUILDING INCENTIVES FOR CONSTRUCTION KEY PLAYERS IN MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SITI ZUBAIDAH HASHIM

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A Green Building Index (GBI is a pioneer in a building grading system to promote sustainability and increase awareness upon environmental issue in Malaysia. The GBI was first established by Malaysia Architect Association (PAM and Association of Consulting Engineers Malaysia (ACEM in February 2009. As a green building contribution on sustainable development and energy efficiency, government has introduced incentives to parties who involve in obtaining Green Building Index Certificate to inculcate vgreen technology. The present paper articulates various categories of incentives introduced by government for construction key players in Malaysia and compare those incentives implies worldwide including countries such as United States, United Kingdom, Australia and Singapore. The incentives are categories into three; financial incentives, fiscal incentives and structure incentives. In a case of financial incentives the financial grants, loans, fund, vouchers, rebates and etc. attract building developers to adopt green elements and apply for certification in their new building project. Obviously, most developers more engrossed to the incentives which has a direct impact on the project financial cash flow. Fiscal incentive however is a privilege by the government, in term of tax exemption granted to respective green building project. Structural incentives are much common incentives offered by government because it would not require expenditure of fund and not reduce the income of city and county. By comparing few successful model of incentives by several countries, the present research reveals that the structure of incentives for green building in Malaysia should have more focused on structural incentive especially those involves technical support, expedited building permit and Gross Floor Area (GFA equivalent incentive scheme.

  10. Optimization of the Operation of Green Buildings applying the Facility Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somorová, Viera

    2014-06-01

    Nowadays, in the field of civil engineering there exists an upward trend towards environmental sustainability. It relates mainly to the achievement of energy efficiency and also to the emission reduction throughout the whole life cycle of the building, i.e. in the course of its implementation, use and liquidation. These requirements are fulfilled, to a large extent, by green buildings. The characteristic feature of green buildings are primarily highly-sophisticated technical and technological equipments which are installed therein. The sophisticated systems of technological equipments need also the sophisticated management. From this point of view the facility management has all prerequisites to meet this requirement. The paper is aimed to define the facility management as an effective method which enables the optimization of the management of supporting activities by creating conditions for the optimum operation of green buildings viewed from the aspect of the environmental conditions

  11. Green Richland: Building Sustainable Local and World Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lester, Carole N.

    2008-01-01

    This article shares the college's experiences and the lessons learned in the creation of the GREENRichland Program and the other approaches to building sustainability. These programs directly support the college's vision to be the best place to learn, teach, and build sustainable local and world community. This discussion features details…

  12. An Investigation of Factors Influencing Design Team Attributes in Green Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed S. Elforgani

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Buildings contribute significantly global environmental problems. Better design can minimize these impacts. Design Green Building (DGB aims to reduce buildings' impact on the environment. However, the green design performance depends on design team attributes. In addition, the Governance System (GS and Client Quality (CQ as external factors have influence on Design Team Attributes (DTA of green building. Approach: To identify mentioned factors questionnaire survey was conducted to collect dada required. A sample of 277 respondents has been covered under the study, including architects and engineers practicing design and consultancy building sectors. Analysis data includes descriptive and quantitative analysis by using SSPS software version 16 was carried out. A correlation and regression models was established to explore the relationship between identified factors. Results: Architect is most involved one during the design process of green buildings with mean 4.82 followed by mechanical and electrical engineers with mean 4.52 and 4.44 respectively, while structural and civil engineers, interior designers and quantity survivors were 3.71, 3.29 and 2.88 respectively. The most design team attributes were investigated have a significance degree of influence except design team reputation. On the other hand, the other hand, the Governance system and client quality have major influence on these attributes. Conclusion: Involvement and participation of a ll project stakeholders are required. Design team attributes are the key factors to improve green design performance. Governance system and client quality play major role to enhance design team attributes. Therefore, effective regulations and policies may increase performance of the green Effective design team management device should be applied to implement Design team attributes effectively in order to improve green design team performance.

  13. Building Classroom and Organizational Structure Around Positive Cultural Values

    CERN Document Server

    Albanna, Badr F; Dounas-Frazer, Dimitri R; Little, Angela; Zaniewski, Anna M

    2012-01-01

    The Compass Project is a self-formed group of graduate and undergraduate students in the physical sciences at UC Berkeley. Our goals are to improve undergraduate physics education, provide opportunities for professional development, and increase retention of students-especially those from populations typically underrepresented in the physical sciences. Compass fosters a diverse, collaborative student community by providing a wide range of services, including a summer program and fall/spring seminar courses. We describe Compass's cultural values, discuss how community members are introduced to and help shape those values, and demonstrate how a single set of values informs the structure of both our classroom and organization.We emphasize that all members of the Compass community participate in, and benefit from, our cultural values, regardless of status as student, teacher, or otherwise.

  14. Storytelling in the Multicultural Classroom: A Study in Community Building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies-Gibson, Miriam R.

    Communication scholars are uniquely suited to developing and implementing mechanisms that will promote a multicultural dialogue and build community. Storytelling is one such mechanism. Storytelling can be beneficial to the spiritual psyche on both the individual and universal levels. The folktale "The Princess Who Wanted to See G-d" demonstrates…

  15. Building energy modeling for green architecture and intelligent dashboard applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeBlois, Justin

    Buildings are responsible for 40% of the carbon emissions in the United States. Energy efficiency in this sector is key to reducing overall greenhouse gas emissions. This work studied the passive technique called the roof solar chimney for reducing the cooling load in homes architecturally. Three models of the chimney were created: a zonal building energy model, computational fluid dynamics model, and numerical analytic model. The study estimated the error introduced to the building energy model (BEM) through key assumptions, and then used a sensitivity analysis to examine the impact on the model outputs. The conclusion was that the error in the building energy model is small enough to use it for building simulation reliably. Further studies simulated the roof solar chimney in a whole building, integrated into one side of the roof. Comparisons were made between high and low efficiency constructions, and three ventilation strategies. The results showed that in four US climates, the roof solar chimney results in significant cooling load energy savings of up to 90%. After developing this new method for the small scale representation of a passive architecture technique in BEM, the study expanded the scope to address a fundamental issue in modeling - the implementation of the uncertainty from and improvement of occupant behavior. This is believed to be one of the weakest links in both accurate modeling and proper, energy efficient building operation. A calibrated model of the Mascaro Center for Sustainable Innovation's LEED Gold, 3,400 m2 building was created. Then algorithms were developed for integration to the building's dashboard application that show the occupant the energy savings for a variety of behaviors in real time. An approach using neural networks to act on real-time building automation system data was found to be the most accurate and efficient way to predict the current energy savings for each scenario. A stochastic study examined the impact of the

  16. Assessment of the hydrological impacts of green roof: From building scale to basin scale

    OpenAIRE

    Versini, P.-A.; D. Ramier; Berthier, E.; de Gouvello, B.

    2015-01-01

    International audience At the building scale, the use of green roof has shown a positive impact on urban runoff (decrease and slowdown in peak discharge, decrease in runoff volume). The present work aims to study whether similar effects are possible at the basin scale and what is the minimum spreading of green runoff needed to observe significant impacts. It is particularly focused on the circumstances of such impacts and how they can contribute to storm water management in urban environme...

  17. The true value of materials:BRIDGE (Building Research and Innovation Deals for the Green Economy)

    OpenAIRE

    Farrer, Joan; Watt, Carolyn A.

    2015-01-01

    Assessing the value of materials, lifecycle and applications was central to the European Union INTERREG IV project BRIDGE (Building Research and Innovation Deals for the Green Economy) 2011–2014. Here, the complex philosophies of sustainability (protection of people, profit and planet) underpinned innovation, knowledge transfer, data visualization and design thinking, to develop green entrepreneurs, and market differentiation in Southern England and Northern France Channel regions. The model ...

  18. Hazard identification checklist: Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building

    OpenAIRE

    Terwoert, J.; Ustailieva, E.

    2013-01-01

    This checklist accompanies the e-fact on the same topic and aims to help identify the potential hazards to workers’ safety and health associated with the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, and on-site waste collection. It also gives examples of preventive measures to address these hazards. Some of these OSH hazards are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies ...

  19. STUDI TERHADAP KONSERVASI ENERGI PADA GEDUNG SEWAKA DHARMA KOTA DENPASAR YANG MENERAPKAN KONSEP GREEN BUILDING

    OpenAIRE

    I Wayan Swi Putra

    2015-01-01

    Gedung  Sewaka  Dharma  Kota  Denpasar  dibangun  dengan  konsep  desain  green building. Dengan konsep desain green  building, gedung Sewaka Dharma diharapkan mampu menghemat energi di  dalam pengoperasiannya. Konsep desain green building yang diterapkan antara  lain,  gedung  dibuat  dengan  banyak  jendela  kaca,  memakai  sistem  ventilasi  vertikal, lingkungan  di  dalam  dan  di  luar  gedung  yang  hijau  serta  pemakaian  solar  sel  untuk  lampu penerangan  luar  dalam  mengurangi  k...

  20. Environmental indicators: Establishing a common language for green building

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dammann, Sven; Elle, Morten

    2006-01-01

    Environmental indicators for buildings have the potential to serve as a means of making the environmental impacts (and possibly benefits) of buildings visible to all relevant actors. In addition, indicators facilitate the consideration and management of an array of environmental issues in the rel......Environmental indicators for buildings have the potential to serve as a means of making the environmental impacts (and possibly benefits) of buildings visible to all relevant actors. In addition, indicators facilitate the consideration and management of an array of environmental issues...... systems and a qualitative investigation of the views of different actor groups on environmental indicators for buildings, the areas of consensus and lines of conflict between the actor groups were identified. Four different technological frames were used to identify four different perceptions...... of environmental indicators. Applying the theory of the social construction of technology (SCOT) in a prospective way (in contrast to a retrospective analysis of present or past technology), the findings show that a closure of the indicator-debate on the basis of an all-actors consensus within the near future...

  1. Research on the Selection Strategy of Green Building Parts Supplier Based on the Catastrophe Theory and Kent Index Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenhua Luo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available At present, the green building and housing industrialization are two mainstream directions in the real estate industry. The production of green building parts which combines green building and housing industrialization, two concepts, is to be vigorously developed. The key of quality assurance in the assembly project is choosing reliable and proper green building parts suppliers. This paper analyzes the inherent requirements of the green building, combined with the characteristics of the housing industrialization, and puts forward an evaluation index system of supplier selection for green building parts, which includes product index, enterprise index, green development index, and cooperation ability index. To reduce the influence of subjective factors, the improved method which merges Kent index method and catastrophe theory is applied to the green building parts supplier selection and evaluation. This paper takes the selection of the unit bathroom suppliers as an example, uses the improved model to calculate and analyze the data of each supplier, and finally selects the optimal supplier. With combination of the Kent index and the catastrophe theory, the result shows that it can effectively reduce the subjectivity of the evaluation and provide a basis for the selection of the green building parts suppliers.

  2. Parametric study on the performance of green residential buildings in China

    OpenAIRE

    Xi Wang; Hasim Altan; Jian Kang

    2015-01-01

    The parametric study of the indoor environment of green buildings focuses on the quantitative and qualitative improvement of residential building construction in China and the achievement of indoor thermal comfort at a low level of energy use. This study examines the effect of the adaptive thermal comfort of indoor environment control in hot summer and cold winter (HSCW) zones. This work is based on a field study of the regional thermal assessment of two typical cases, the results of which ar...

  3. Assessment of the hydrological impacts of green roof: From building scale to basin scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Versini, P.-A.; Ramier, D.; Berthier, E.; de Gouvello, B.

    2015-05-01

    At the building scale, the use of green roof has shown a positive impact on urban runoff (decrease and slow-down in peak discharge, decrease in runoff volume). The present work aims to study whether similar effects are possible at the basin scale and what is the minimum spreading of green runoff needed to observe significant impacts. It is particularly focused on the circumstances of such impacts and how they can contribute to storm water management in urban environment. Based on observations on experimental green roofs, a conceptual model has been developed and integrated into the SWMM urban rainfall-runoff model to reproduce the hydrological behaviour of two different types of green roof. It has been combined with a method defining green roofing scenarios by estimating the maximum roof area that can be covered. This methodology has been applied on a long time series (18 years) to the Châtillon urban basin (Haut-de-Seine county, France) frequently affected by urban flooding. For comparison, the same methodology has been applied at the building scale and a complementary analysis has been conducted to study which hydrometeorological variables may affect the magnitude of these hydrological impacts at both scales. The results show green roofs, when they are widely implemented, can affect urban runoff in terms of peak discharge and volume, and avoid flooding in several cases. Both precipitation - generally accumulated during the whole event- and the initial substrate saturation are likely to have an impact on green roof effects. In this context, the studied green roofs seem useful to mitigate the effects of usual rainfall events but turn out being less helpful for the more severe ones. We conclude that, combined with other infrastructures, green roofs represent an interesting contribution to urban water management in the future.

  4. A choice experiment to estimate the effect of green experience on preferences and willingness-to-pay for green building attributes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chau, C.K.; Tse, M.S.; Chung, K.Y. [Department of Building Services Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon (China)

    2010-11-15

    As the number and complexities of green building developments are mainly driven by market demands, understanding of end-user behaviors towards their development eventually should play a crucial role on determining their successes. However, very few studies have been attempted to explore end-user behaviors towards green building development. This study successfully applied discrete choice experiments to reveal whether residents with green experience will have different preference and willingness-to-pay values for enhancements on various aspects of environmental performance in green buildings. Generally, both green and conventional residents had strong preferences and were willing to pay more for improving various aspects of environmental performance in green residential developments. They are found to be willing to pay more for energy conservation, than indoor air quality improvement, noise level reduction, landscape area enlargement, or water conservation. No significant differences are found in the preferences between green and conventional residents for energy conservation, indoor air quality improvement, indoor noise reduction, or water conservation, However, green residents were found to be willing to pay significantly less than the conventional residents for enlarging the landscape area within a residential development, despite it was perceived by green residents as one of the major elements that differentiate a green from a conventional development. (author)

  5. Green Buildings in Green Cities: Integrating Energy Efficiency into the Real Estate Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Bardhan, Ashok; Kroll, Cynthia A.

    2011-01-01

    The commercial real estate sector accounts for over a quarter of the energy consumption in the United States.  This paper examines how characteristics of the commercial real estate industry and structural attributes of US cities affect the goals of improving energy efficiency and sustainability of buildings, and improving pollution and emission levels in US cities. We build a detailed picture of the factors involved in integrating energy efficiency into commercial real estate planning, design...

  6. 76 FR 13617 - Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings (OFHPGB); Notice of GSA Bulletin OFHPGB 2011...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ... ADMINISTRATION Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings (OFHPGB); Notice of GSA Bulletin OFHPGB 2011... of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings at (202) 219-1522. Please cite OFHPGB Bulletin 2011-OGP-1... can provide significant incentive for contractors to meet or exceed energy reduction requirements....

  7. Hazard identification checklist: Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terwoert, J.; Ustailieva, E.

    2013-01-01

    This checklist accompanies the e-fact on the same topic and aims to help identify the potential hazards to workers’ safety and health associated with the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, and on-site waste collection. It also give

  8. Towards green buildings: Glass as a building element-the use and misuse in the gulf region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aboulnaga, Mohsen M. [College of Design and Applied Arts, Dubai University College, Dubai P.O. Box 14143 (United Arab Emirates)

    2006-04-15

    The recent economic growth in the Gulf region notably in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE) has led to a colossal number of buildings that has been constructed in the past 5 years. In the last decade, a total glazed building's facades became the icon of Dubai. This large area of glazing in each facade needs protection against overheating and sun glare in summer. According to leader in energy and environmental design (LEED) glass selection becomes a main element in this equation to contribute towards achieving a green building. The aim of this paper is to investigate the problems associated with misuse of glass, as a building element in UAE particularly in Dubai. Inadequate design with ill-selected glass/glazing type may lead not only to poor daylighting in building interiors but also contribute significantly to fatigue, insomnia, seasonal affective disorder (SAD) and above all increase CO{sub 2} emission. The purpose of the study is to specify the required improvements to permit natural, 'free' daylight to filter through the building facade into interior space, especially with the right type of glass. This paper examines the status of buildings in Dubai in terms of glass type, visible light transmittance, reflection (out/in) and relative heat gain. A quantitative analysis is conducted to assess the impact of glass on the building users' performance in terms of daylight environment. A recent built high-rise office building was selected in the investigation to asses whether selected glass provide the recommended daylight factor (DF) and daylight level (DL) according to IES standards. The results revealed that most the glass/glazing was misused in 70% of buildings in intermediate and low performance groups. The DF and DD in the selected office building were unexpectedly tremendous and found far beyond the recommended level due to the use of spectrally selective glazing (clear on both sides). [Author].

  9. Standardization and Green Economic Change - the Case of Energy Efficiency in Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maj Munch; Faria, Lourenco

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates the role of standardization for green economic change using energy efficiency in buildings as a case. Innovation research on standards tends to focus on the competition between competing emerging standards as well as the economic impacts of these. The idea pursued here...... energy efficiency becomes an issue in standardization work using buildings as a case. The paper seeks more specifically to investigate the rise of building related standards generally over time as well as in different technical areas and geographic regions. The hypothesis pursued in this paper...

  10. Greening Public Buildings: ESCO-Contracting in Danish Municipalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesper Rohr Hansen

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents current research on Danish municipalities’ use of Energy Service Companies (ESCO as a way to improve the standard of public buildings and to increase energy efficiency. In recent years more and more municipalities have used ESCO-contracts to retrofit existing public buildings, and to make them more energy efficient. At the moment 30 municipalities (of the 98 municipalities in Denmark are involved in, or preparing, ESCO contracts. Nevertheless, ESCO-contracting still faces many challenges on the Danish market, as there is a widespread skepticism towards the concept amongst many stakeholders. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the various experience gained so far by municipalities use of ESCO-contracting, the different approached to ESCO-contracting being used in practice, as well as the different viewpoints drivers and barriers behind the development. The strong growth in ESCO-contracts reflects that the ESCO-concept fits well with a number of present problems that municipalities are facing, as well as a flexible adaptation to the local context in different municipalities.

  11. GREEN BUILDING DESIGN EVALUATION EXPERIENCE%绿色建筑设计评价标识创建体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金蕾; 张玉彬; 赵奕华

    2015-01-01

    文章以江苏省人民医院住院综合楼项目创建绿色建筑设计评价标识二星为例,阐述了绿色建筑及其评价标准,分享了医院申报绿色建筑设计标识的过程和体会.%The article introduces the case of Jiangsu Province MCH Hospital Complex Building applying Two-Star Green Building; explains the Green Building and its evaluation criterion; shares the process and experience of the hospital applying for Green Building.

  12. Re-Assessing Green Building Performance: A Post Occupancy Evaluation of 22 GSA Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fowler, Kimberly M.; Rauch, Emily M.; Henderson, Jordan W.; Kora, Angela R.

    2010-06-01

    2nd report on the performance of GSA's sustainably designed buildings. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of measured whole building performance as it compares to GSA and industry baselines. The PNNL research team found the data analysis illuminated strengths and weaknesses of individual buildings as well as the portfolio of buildings. This section includes summary data, observations that cross multiple performance metrics, discussion of lessons learned from this research, and opportunities for future research. The summary of annual data for each of the performance metrics is provided in Table 25. The data represent 1 year of measurements and are not associated with any specific design features or strategies. Where available, multiple years of data were examined and there were minimal significant differences between the years. Individually focused post occupancy evaluation (POEs) would allow for more detailed analysis of the buildings. Examining building performance over multiple years could potentially offer a useful diagnostic tool for identifying building operations that are in need of operational changes. Investigating what the connection is between the building performance and the design intent would offer potential design guidance and possible insight into building operation strategies. The 'aggregate operating cost' metric used in this study represents the costs that were available for developing a comparative industry baseline for office buildings. The costs include water utilities, energy utilities, general maintenance, grounds maintenance, waste and recycling, and janitorial costs. Three of the buildings that cost more than the baseline in Figure 45 have higher maintenance costs than the baseline, and one has higher energy costs. Given the volume of data collected and analyzed for this study, the inevitable request is for a simple answer with respect to sustainably designed building performance. As previously stated

  13. A study on the usage and perceptions of office building occupants to green roofs in Hong Kong

    OpenAIRE

    Tsang, Wai-man, Wyman; 曾偉文

    2014-01-01

    As Hong Kong is famous for its image of leading international financial metropolis, many high-rise office buildings are confined inside some developed commercial districts of Hong Kong. A place for provision of greenery in such districts seems impracticable. However, greenery can exist in forms of green roof onto office buildings, it seems a practical way to embellish this concrete city. Academic studies from other countries have proven that having green roof onto buildings is able to bri...

  14. A Study to Compare the Cost of Operation and Maintenance in Green Building Index (GBI and Non-Green Building Index (Non-GBI Rated Building in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Lee Zheng

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Urges for sustainable development had pushed the government and professional bodies to respond and react by implementing regulations where possible to direct development in that manner. However, the outcome in most financial conferences and dialogues on sustainable buildings flagged on high construction and maintenance cost. Thus, this study is conducted to collect and analyze actual building operation and maintenance cost between GBI and Non-GBI rated buildings in Malaysia which are more than 2 years fully operated buildings. There are two categories of selected buildings which are residential and non-residential type of building. Each category of the building consists of similar building’s characteristic such as geographic location, mode of operation, building heights, total numbers of floors and units. The scope of building’s maintenance for this study is mainly on wear and tear of the wall painting, electrical light fittings, ceiling panels, roofing system and mechanical services like water pump system are recorded for their replacement frequency of service and the cost involved within a consistent period of 12 months operation at cost percentage saving of 78.9% and 40.4% for residential and non-residential buildings respectively compare against Non-GBI rated buildings. Electricity consumption for GBI rated buildings are lower than Non-GBI rated buildings which recorded at the cost variance of 23.8% and 6.3% and water consumption at 35.9% and 44.0% for the above mentioned two main categories of selected case study buildings. Results from this study conclude major savings on residential buildings category in term of maintenance cost and electricity consumption for GBI rated buildings. Whereby, non-residential category of buildings, GBI rated building had been proven to obtain significant savings in terms of maintenance cost and water consumption.

  15. Accelerating green building growth with old & new policy instruments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ar. Namrata Mahal

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available India is progressively moving towards the sustainability requirements of the real estate and infrastructure sector. The remarkable benefits like resource optimization, more efficient & lower impact on environment, health and well-being of the occupants and many more, have compelled government bodies across the nation to formally and regularly pursue these outcomes through various legislative instruments. Given that building sector belongs to a complex industrial chain involving wide-ranging actors, variety of instruments imbued by the political agenda are used to achieve certain degree of sustainability. The most commonly used instruments are economic incentives, rating systems, energy audit program, technology transfer program, information and education campaign and so on. Furthermore, given that India is a country that undoubtedly thrives on its diversity. Integrating diversity of concepts and strategies and utilizing the benefits that each level of government can provide, may complicate and dilute the desired impact. This paper enlists possible tools in the Indian context and within the ambit of the existing governance framework that could be adopted and increased exponentially at both levels, national and state

  16. ENERGY STAR and Green Buildings--Using ENERGY STAR Resources for Green Building Rating Systems: LEED[R], Green Globes[R] and CHPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utebay, Kudret

    2011-01-01

    Every building, from the smallest school to the tallest skyscraper, uses energy. This energy is most often generated by burning fossil fuels, which releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and contributes to climate change. Existing commercial buildings offer a significant opportunity for low-cost, immediate emissions and energy cost…

  17. Airborne Particulate Matter in Two Multi-Family Green Buildings: Concentrations and Effect of Ventilation and Occupant Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Allison P; Calderon, Leonardo; Xiong, Youyou; Wang, Zuocheng; Senick, Jennifer; Sorensen Allacci, MaryAnn; Plotnik, Deborah; Wener, Richard; Andrews, Clinton J; Krogmann, Uta; Mainelis, Gediminas

    2016-01-01

    There are limited data on air quality parameters, including airborne particulate matter (PM) in residential green buildings, which are increasing in prevalence. Exposure to PM is associated with cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, and since Americans spend almost 90% of their time indoors, residential exposures may substantially contribute to overall airborne PM exposure. Our objectives were to: (1) measure various PM fractions longitudinally in apartments in multi-family green buildings with natural (Building E) and mechanical (Building L) ventilation; (2) compare indoor and outdoor PM mass concentrations and their ratios (I/O) in these buildings, taking into account the effects of occupant behavior; and (3) evaluate the effect of green building designs and operations on indoor PM. We evaluated effects of ventilation, occupant behaviors, and overall building design on PM mass concentrations and I/O. Median PMTOTAL was higher in Building E (56 µg/m³) than in Building L (37 µg/m³); I/O was higher in Building E (1.3-2.0) than in Building L (0.5-0.8) for all particle size fractions. Our data show that the building design and occupant behaviors that either produce or dilute indoor PM (e.g., ventilation systems, combustion sources, and window operation) are important factors affecting residents' exposure to PM in residential green buildings. PMID:26805862

  18. Airborne Particulate Matter in Two Multi-Family Green Buildings: Concentrations and Effect of Ventilation and Occupant Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allison P. Patton

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available There are limited data on air quality parameters, including airborne particulate matter (PM in residential green buildings, which are increasing in prevalence. Exposure to PM is associated with cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, and since Americans spend almost 90% of their time indoors, residential exposures may substantially contribute to overall airborne PM exposure. Our objectives were to: (1 measure various PM fractions longitudinally in apartments in multi-family green buildings with natural (Building E and mechanical (Building L ventilation; (2 compare indoor and outdoor PM mass concentrations and their ratios (I/O in these buildings, taking into account the effects of occupant behavior; and (3 evaluate the effect of green building designs and operations on indoor PM. We evaluated effects of ventilation, occupant behaviors, and overall building design on PM mass concentrations and I/O. Median PMTOTAL was higher in Building E (56 µg/m3 than in Building L (37 µg/m3; I/O was higher in Building E (1.3–2.0 than in Building L (0.5–0.8 for all particle size fractions. Our data show that the building design and occupant behaviors that either produce or dilute indoor PM (e.g., ventilation systems, combustion sources, and window operation are important factors affecting residents’ exposure to PM in residential green buildings.

  19. Can green building councils serve as third party governance institutions? An economic and institutional analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green Building Councils (GBCs) have been established in many different countries in recent years. This paper discusses the role such organizations can play in the respective construction and real estate industry and under what circumstances a GBC can contribute positively to the development of a “greener” or “more sustainable” stock of buildings. The paper investigates the main informational problem of the industry by looking at the relation between a developer and an investor from an economic point of view. We argue that the investor's uncertainty about the true quality of a building and the corresponding incentive for the developer to cheat may lock them into a prisoners' dilemma trap. The corresponding barriers for a transition toward a “greener” buildings market are analyzed. GBCs are described as institutions of economic governance that can assist the economy in overcoming these problems. They can act as third party institutions in transactions between developers and investors. By certifying the quality of a building, they can reduce the risk for the investor to be cheated by the developer and also increase the incentive to develop good quality buildings for the developer. This task, however, raises some severe management challenges for the GBCs. - Highlights: ► We focus on Green Building Councils and their economic role. ► The paper investigates the informational problem of the sustainable building market. ► Developers and investors are locked in a prisoner's dilemma. ► Can the councils act as third party institutions to certify quality of buildings? ► Credibility and reliability are key features for third party certification.

  20. A novel solar multifunctional PV/T/D system for green building roofs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A novel transparent roof combines the solar PV/T/D system with green building design. • Novel photovoltaic-thermal roofing design can achieve excellent light control at noon. • The roof has no obvious influence on indoor light intensity in morning and afternoon. • Higher efficiency of solar energy utilization could be achieved with new roofing. - Abstract: A novel transparent roof which is made of solid CPC (Compound Parabolic Concentrator) PV/T/D (Photovoltaic/Thermal/Day lighting) system is presented. It combines the solar PV/T/D system with green building design. The PV/T/D system can achieve excellent light control at noon and adjust the thermal environment in the building, such that high efficiency utilization of solar energy could be achieved in modern architecture. This kind of roof can increase the visual comfort for building occupants; it can also avoid the building interior from overheating and dazzling at noon which is caused by direct sunlight through transparent roof. Optical simulation software is used to track the light path in different incidence angles. CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulation and steady state experiment have been taken to investigate the thermal characteristic of PV/T/D device. Finally, the PV/T/D experimental system was built; and the PV efficiency, light transmittance and air heating power of the system are tested under real sky conditions

  1. A Study to Compare the Cost of Operation and Maintenance in Green Building Index (GBI) and Non-Green Building Index (Non-GBI) Rated Building in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Ping Lee Zheng; Chen Chu Hui

    2016-01-01

    Urges for sustainable development had pushed the government and professional bodies to respond and react by implementing regulations where possible to direct development in that manner. However, the outcome in most financial conferences and dialogues on sustainable buildings flagged on high construction and maintenance cost. Thus, this study is conducted to collect and analyze actual building operation and maintenance cost between GBI and Non-GBI rated buildings in Malaysia which are more tha...

  2. Artificial lighting for green or sustainable buildings and their fire safety concerns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    C.L.CHOW; W.K.CHOW

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, environmental aspects of artificial lighting including incandescent lamps and compact fluorescent lamps are reviewed. The impact on green or sustainable buildings is discussed from the energy use viewpoint, As there are complaints on the falling down of plastic components, and the long ignition time required for compact fluorescents, the fire environment is simulated with Computational Fluid Dynamics. Results indicated that combustibles placed adjacent to a lamp with the possibility of igniting should be watched carefully.

  3. STUDI TERHADAP KONSERVASI ENERGI PADA GEDUNG SEWAKA DHARMA KOTA DENPASAR YANG MENERAPKAN KONSEP GREEN BUILDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Wayan Swi Putra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Gedung  Sewaka  Dharma  Kota  Denpasar  dibangun  dengan  konsep  desain  green building. Dengan konsep desain green  building, gedung Sewaka Dharma diharapkan mampu menghemat energi di  dalam pengoperasiannya. Konsep desain green building yang diterapkan antara  lain,  gedung  dibuat  dengan  banyak  jendela  kaca,  memakai  sistem  ventilasi  vertikal, lingkungan  di  dalam  dan  di  luar  gedung  yang  hijau  serta  pemakaian  solar  sel  untuk  lampu penerangan  luar  dalam  mengurangi  konsumsi  energi.  Dari  hasil  studi  yang  dilakukan  ada perbedaan antara perencanaan dan realisasi dalam pembangunannya.  Suhu dan kelembaban yang tinggi mengakibatkan terjadinya pemasangan AC di masing-masing ruangan.  Suhu dan kelembaban  yang  tinggi  diakibatkan  karena  tidak  berjalannya  sistem  ventilasi  alami  pada gedung tersebut.  Hal ini mengindikasikan bahwa konsep green building yang diterapkan pada gedung  Sewaka  Dharma  tidak  mampu  menciptakan  lingkungan  kerja  yang  nyaman  bagi pegawainya.

  4. Investigating The Process Of Creating Foundations Of Environmental Sustainability In Constructing Green Buildings

    OpenAIRE

    HAGHVERDI, Nooshin Pour; BEHZADI, Abrisham Modafe; Nikpour, Mansour; Azmoon, Firoozeh

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. Todays, advances in science and technology in the world cannot be overlooked. The progress in all fields, especially architecture, is a new manifestation. In the past, a significant proportion of fossil energy has spent on cooling and heating of buildings. Sustainable outlook has been proposed in scientific circles. By the application of sustainability concepts in architecture, a new subject called sustainable architecture, green architecture, in the field of design, paying attentio...

  5. Energy Prediction versus Energy Performance of Green Buildings in Malaysia. Comparison of Predicted and Operational Measurement of GBI Certified Green Office in Kuala Lumpur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaid Suzaini M

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Forward from the sustainability agenda of Brundtland in 1987 and the increasing demand for energy efficient buildings, the building industry has taken steps in meeting the challenge of reducing its environmental impact. Initiatives such as ‘green’ or ‘sustainable’ design have been at the forefront of architecture, while green assessment tools have been used to predict the energy performance of building during its operational phase. However, there is still a significant hap between predicted or simulated energy measurements compared to actual operational energy consumption, or is more commonly referred as the ‘performance gap’. This paper tries to bridge this gap by comparing measured operational energy consumption of a Green Building Index (GBI certified office building in Kuala Lumpur, with its predicted energy rating qualification.

  6. Green Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruppert, Benjamin; Elliot, Phillip

    2012-08-15

    This award was split into five tasks, HVAC replacement, lighting retrofitting, daylight harvesting, data center virtualization, and traffic signal retrofitting. The first three tasks were combined into an Energy Performance Contract on seven City facilities. This allowed for the total cost of the project to be offset by guaranteed savings over a 14 year period. The other two projects where done by separate vendors and successfully completed. The combination of these five tasks will result in a significant reduction in our energy consumption city wide, and will also translate to savings for the taxpayer on utility costs. There were also additional financial savings to the taxpayer not related to energy reduction that added value to these projects which will be discussed below.

  7. 浅谈绿色建筑施工%Construction of green building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵印亮

    2015-01-01

    in recent years,with the spreading of the global energy issues are serious and“sustainable de-velopment”concept in the domestic,building energy saving and environmental protection and at-tracted the attention of the countries and the maj ority of the construction industry,strive to com-bine excellent design and high science and technology,construction energy conservation and envi-ronmental protection of the new building.Green construction has become an important part of energy saving and environmental protection.On the basis of the study of“green construction guide”and“green building evaluation criteria”,some concrete methods for the construction of green.%近年来,随着全球能源问题的日益严峻和“可持续发展”理念在国内的推广,建筑节能环保越来越引起国家及广大建筑业的重视,力求优秀设计和高新科技相结合,建造节能环保的新型建筑。绿色施工就成为了目前节能环保的一个重要环节。在学习《绿色施工导则》和《绿色建筑评价标准》的基础上对绿色施工谈一些具体做法。

  8. Mental models of a water management system in a green building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalantzis, Anastasia; Thatcher, Andrew; Sheridan, Craig

    2016-11-01

    This intergroup case study compared users' mental models with an expert design model of a water management system in a green building. The system incorporates a constructed wetland component and a rainwater collection pond that together recycle water for re-use in the building and its surroundings. The sample consisted of five building occupants and the cleaner (6 users) and two experts who were involved with the design of the water management system. Users' mental model descriptions and the experts' design model were derived from in-depth interviews combined with self-constructed (and verified) diagrams. Findings from the study suggest that there is considerable variability in the user mental models that could impact the efficient functioning of the water management system. Recommendations for improvements are discussed.

  9. Mental models of a water management system in a green building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalantzis, Anastasia; Thatcher, Andrew; Sheridan, Craig

    2016-11-01

    This intergroup case study compared users' mental models with an expert design model of a water management system in a green building. The system incorporates a constructed wetland component and a rainwater collection pond that together recycle water for re-use in the building and its surroundings. The sample consisted of five building occupants and the cleaner (6 users) and two experts who were involved with the design of the water management system. Users' mental model descriptions and the experts' design model were derived from in-depth interviews combined with self-constructed (and verified) diagrams. Findings from the study suggest that there is considerable variability in the user mental models that could impact the efficient functioning of the water management system. Recommendations for improvements are discussed. PMID:27126802

  10. Energy-efficient vertical transportation with sensor information in smart green buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahn, H.

    2016-08-01

    In modern smart green buildings, sensors can detect various physical status of a building such as temperature, humidity, motion, and light, which can be used for smart living services. This paper presents an energy-efficient vertical transportation by making use of indoor sensor technologies. Specifically, sensors detect elevator users before they push the call button, and then inform to the elevator control system through building networks. By using this information, our system generates a reservation call and controls the moving time and direction of each elevator efficiently. Simulation experiments with a variety of traffic situations show that our elevator control system exhibits significantly better performance than the conventional system that does not use sensor information with respect to passengers’ waiting time and energy consumption.

  11. Parametric study on the performance of green residential buildings in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xi Wang

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The parametric study of the indoor environment of green buildings focuses on the quantitative and qualitative improvement of residential building construction in China and the achievement of indoor thermal comfort at a low level of energy use. This study examines the effect of the adaptive thermal comfort of indoor environment control in hot summer and cold winter (HSCW zones. This work is based on a field study of the regional thermal assessment of two typical cases, the results of which are compared with simulated results of various scenarios of “energy efficiency” strategy and “healthy housing” environmental control. First, the simulated results show that the adaptive thermal comfort of indoor environment control is actually balanced in terms of occupancy, comfort, and energy efficiency. Second, adaptive thermal comfort control can save more energy for heating or cooling than other current healthy housing environmental controls in China׳s HSCW zone. Moreover, a large proportion of energy use is based on the subjective thermal comfort demand of occupants in any building type. Third, the building shape coefficient cannot dominate energy savings. The ratio of the superficial area of a building to the actual indoor floor area has a significant positive correlation with and affects the efficiency of building thermal performance.

  12. From the Green Screen to the Classroom: Training Graduate Students to Communicate Science and Mathematics Effectively through the INSPIRE Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Donna M.; Radencic, Sarah P.; Walker, Ryan M.; Cartwright, John H.; Schmitz, Darrel W.; Bruce, Lori M.; McNeal, Karen S.

    2014-11-01

    Initiating New Science Partnerships in Rural Education (INSPIRE) is a five-year partnership between Mississippi State University and three school districts in Mississippi’s Golden Triangle region. This fellowship program is designed to strengthen the communication and scientific reasoning skills of STEM graduate students by having them design and implement inquiry-based lessons which channel various aspects of their research in our partner classrooms. Fellows are encouraged to explore a diversity of approaches in classroom lesson design and to use various technologies in their lessons, including GIS, SkyMaster weather stations, Celestia, proscopes, benchtop SEM, and others. Prior to entering the classrooms for a full school year, Fellows go through an intense graduate-level training course and work directly with their partner teachers, the program coordinator, and participating faculty, to fold their lessons into the curricula of the classrooms to which they’ve been assigned. Here, we will discuss the various written, oral, and visual exercises that have been most effective for training our Fellows, including group discussions of education literature, role playing and team-building exercises, preparation of written lesson plans for dissemination to other teachers nationwide, the Presentation Boot Camp program, and production of videos made by the Fellows highlighting careers in STEM fields. We will also discuss the changes observed in Fellows’ abilities to communicate science and mathematics over the course of their fellowship year. INSPIRE is funded by the NSF Graduate K-12 (GK-12) STEM Fellowship Program, award number DGE-0947419.

  13. Unique Rating System for Green Building: By Comparing Various Existing Rating Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Rishabh G. Saigaonkar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The construction industries are known to be the pioneer of a country‟s development. In modern days the infrastructure of a country defines its true development, thus making construction sector more prominent. Countries like India are thus solemnly dependent on its construction sector for its rapid development. In 21st century, one of the major challenges faced by mankind is that of global climate change, which has highly alerted to the concern for conservation of nature. In a way, making environmental sustainability to be of much more importance in actual execution of work is the focus. World-wide there are various building evaluation tools that focus on different areas of sustainable development and are designed for different types of projects. This research attempts to understand the various Green building rating system assessment criteria that need to be considered during comparison. Finally based on comparative study an attempt is made to recommend one unique rating system which will cover each and every aspect required for assessment and certification for any green building. This system would be comparatively less complex and able to provide the necessary perception about the project with ease.

  14. Solar Absorption Refrigeration System for Air-Conditioning of a Classroom Building in Northern India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrawal, Tanmay; Varun; Kumar, Anoop

    2015-10-01

    Air-conditioning is a basic tool to provide human thermal comfort in a building space. The primary aim of the present work is to design an air-conditioning system based on vapour absorption cycle that utilizes a renewable energy source for its operation. The building under consideration is a classroom of dimensions 18.5 m × 13 m × 4.5 m located in Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh in India. For this purpose, cooling load of the building was calculated first by using cooling load temperature difference method to estimate cooling capacity of the air-conditioning system. Coefficient of performance of the refrigeration system was computed for various values of strong and weak solution concentration. In this work, a solar collector is also designed to provide required amount of heat energy by the absorption system. This heat energy is taken from solar energy which makes this system eco-friendly and sustainable. A computer program was written in MATLAB to calculate the design parameters. Results were obtained for various values of solution concentrations throughout the year. Cost analysis has also been carried out to compare absorption refrigeration system with conventional vapour compression cycle based air-conditioners.

  15. Brief Discussion on China's Green Building Materials%浅谈我国绿色建筑材料

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐锋

    2014-01-01

    Starting from the deifnition of"green building material"and combining green materials in China, this paper elaborates what materials are "green materials"with whole lifecycle evaluation of building material as entry point, and finally it combines status quo of China's green building materials to proposes suggestion on development of China's green building. It hopes this paper would be beneficial for development of China's green building material market.%文章从“绿色建材”的定义出发,结合国内绿色建筑,以建筑材料的全寿命周期评价为切入点,详细阐述什么样的建筑材料是“绿色建材”,最后结合国内绿色建材的现状,对我国绿色建材的发展提出一点小小的建议,希望能对我国绿色建材市场的发展有所裨益。

  16. Unity in the Elementary School Classroom: Building Community Through Increasing Positive Social Interactions Between and Among Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piatt-Jaeger, Sally

    2011-01-01

    Children's sense of a community is essential in elementary schools. This helps gives students a sense of belonging and control over their environment. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of several strategies from the Toolbox Project and their effect on building community in the classroom. Collin (2003b) discusses his Toolbox…

  17. 绿色建筑的屋顶设计%The Roof Design of Green Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      我们的一切能量最初都来自于太阳和天空,能量也会也会从天上反馈回来。所以屋顶,将会是我们绿色建筑设计中与自然互动最大的一块区域。%Al the energy we original y comes from the sun and sky, energy wil also come back from heaven. So the roof wil be the largest regional interaction with nature in our green building design.

  18. Measuring Instrument Constructs of Return Factors for Green Office Building Investments Variables Using Rasch Measurement Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isa Mona

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a preliminary study on rationalising green office building investments in Malaysia. The aim of this paper is attempt to introduce the application of Rasch measurement model analysis to determine the validity and reliability of each construct in the questionnaire. In achieving this objective, a questionnaire survey was developed consists of 6 sections and a total of 106 responses were received from various investors who own and lease office buildings in Kuala Lumpur. The Rasch Measurement analysis is used to measure the quality control of item constructs in the instrument by measuring the specific objectivity within the same dimension, to reduce ambiguous measures, and a realistic estimation of precision and implicit quality. The Rasch analysis consists of the summary statistics, item unidimensionality and item measures. A result shows the items and respondent (person reliability is at 0.91 and 0.95 respectively.

  19. Green

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙继山

    2005-01-01

    The Green Games-this is a Chinese promise to the world. Green it has to be when the Olympic Games are opened at a spectacular venue in the north of Beijing in 2008. However, those who live in the capital still worry whether it will be possible to turn the rather polluted city. into a green or even half-green city. But time and again, China has proved that this kind of huge challenge can be met. Nevertheless,this time around it is a tough call indeed and a little over three years are left to execute and complete an audacious task.

  20. Evaluation on Thermal Behavior of a Green Roof Retrofit System Installed on Experimental Building in Composite Climate of Roorkee, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Ashok; Deoliya, Rajesh; Chani, P. S.

    2015-12-01

    Green roofs not only provide cooling by shading, but also by transpiration of water through the stomata. However, the evidence for green roofs providing significant air cooling remains limited. No literature investigates the thermal performance of prefab brick panel roofing technology with green roof. Hence, the aim of this research is to investigate the thermal behavior of an experimental room, built at CSIR-Central Building Research Institute (CBRI) campus, Roorkee, India using such roofing technology during May 2013. The study also explores the feasibility of green roof with grass carpets that require minimum irrigation, to assess the expected indoor thermal comfort improvements by doing real-time experimental studies. The results show that the proposed green roof system is suitable for reducing the energy demand for space cooling during hot summer, without worsening the winter energy performance. The cost of proposed retrofit system is about Rs. 1075 per m2. Therefore, green roofs can be used efficiently in retrofitting existing buildings in India to improve the micro-climate on building roofs and roof insulation, where the additional load carrying capacity of buildings is about 100-130 kg/m2.

  1. Orthogonal experiment on reclaimed water treatment and economic optimization model in green building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何强; 张成; 柴宏祥; 樊明玉

    2009-01-01

    The efficacy of superior drainage in green building treated by combinational technique of coagulation sedimentation and constructed wetland was launched. The results show that the regression equation relating to effluent BOD5,cubage load (Nv),temperature (t) and addition dosage (ρ) is BOD5=2.05Nv-0.41t-0.82ρ+38.9. The orthogonal experiment results of constructed wetland post-treatment show that the regression equation relating to effluent BOD5,cubage load (NA),and temperature (t) is BOD5=1 190NA-0.32t+12.2. Based on the two orthogonal regression equations,combined of green building municipal gray reclaimed water quantity requirements in different seasons,a technology investment on economic optimization model of combinational technique was established. The results offer technological support for reclaimed water treatment,which regards superior drainage as the source and is purified by combinational technique of coagulation sedimentation and constructed wetland. According to the model,the reasonable scale of reclaimed water treatment systems can be determined,the treatment efficacy can be well predicted,and both the design and operating can be effectively guided.

  2. ANSI S12.60 (2002) testing of modular buildings used as classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busch, Todd A.

    2003-10-01

    The acoustics of modular buildings used as classrooms may come under greater scrutiny if schools adopt American National Standards Institute (ANSI) S12.60 (2002) ``Acoustical Performance Criteria, Design Requirements, and Guidelines for Schools'' as required thresholds of performance. To quantify the benefits of series of structural improvements to buildings having an interior volume of less than 10000 ft3, both the reverberation time and background noise were measured. Interior spaces were unoccupied as per S12.60, but unfurnished. Reverberation times were 0.4-0.6 s. The background noise level was measured to identify the contributions of exterior sources, interior fluorescent lighting, and AC/Fan systems operating with/without a plenum for the return vent. Targets for the stated room volume are 35 dBA and 55 dBC. For the final configuration, interior noise levels with lights, fan, and cooling active were 43 dBA and 67 dBC; interior noise levels due to exterior sources were 33 dBA and 58 dBC due in part to the surrounding industrial land uses and nearby freeway. For one configuration, with the fan active without AC, pressurized air escaping through a 1/4-in. gap beneath the 36-in.-wide door produced a distinct 35 dBA tone in the 630-Hz third-octave band.

  3. Cooling energy efficiency and classroom air environment of a school building operated by the heat recovery air conditioning unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The recently-built school buildings have adopted novel heat recovery ventilator and air conditioning system. Heat recovery efficiency of the heat recovery facility and energy conservation ratio of the air conditioning unit were analytically modeled, taking the ventilation networks into account. Following that, school classroom displacement ventilation and its thermal stratification and indoor air quality indicated by the CO2 concentration have been numerically modeled concerning the effects of delivering ventilation flow rate and supplying air temperature. Numerical results indicate that the promotion of mechanical ventilation rate can simultaneously boost the dilution of indoor air pollutants and the non-uniformity of indoor thermal and pollutant distributions. Subsequent energy performance analysis demonstrates that classroom energy demands for ventilation and cooling could be reduced with the promotion of heat recovery efficiency of the ventilation facility, and the energy conservation ratio of the air conditioning unit decreases with the increasing temperatures of supplying air. Fitting correlations of heat recovery ventilation and cooling energy conservation have been presented. - Highlights: • Low energy school buildings and classroom environment. • Heat recovery facility operating with an air conditioning unit. • Displacement ventilation influenced by the heat recovery efficiency. • Energy conservation of cooling and ventilation through heat recovery. • Enhancement of classroom environment with reduction of school building energy

  4. Evaluation of the effects of vegetation and green walls on building thermal performance and energy consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susorova, Irina

    , the model provided new tools for evaluating the impact of plant layers on facade thermal performance in existing buildings retrofitted with green walls and for designing green walls for optimal energy efficiency in new construction.

  5. BOOK REVIEW TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION AND HIGH POSSIBILITY CLASSROOMS: BUILDING FROM TPACK

    OpenAIRE

    Nejdet KARADAG

    2016-01-01

    This book consists of 8 chapters, appeals teachers who want to understand technology integration to education and how it looks like in action in classrooms. High Possibility Classrooms (HPC) models are examined by case studies in different educational settings.

  6. Appraisal of thermal premium in green building practice at urban scale. Methodological preview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonino Barbalace

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Research objective is to conceive, design and experiment a strategy at wide city scale to contribute facing the global ecological and energy crises of the Planet. This should be done through structural cut-down of fossil fuel consumption for settlements, i.e. by adopting the lowest cost energy: the not-consumed one! According to the Green Building Practices there are goals that can be achieved mainly through building passivation connected to: application of state-of-the-art sustainable technologies; alternative energy sources; diffusion of zero-mile decentralized solar energy production; fostering-up of solar feeding for summer air-conditioning, i.e. one of the most demanding energy consumers of the world. Owners, investors, contractors, occupants, tenants ask for more information and better quantification of energy saving magnitude in Green Buildings, as well as further appraisal of pay-back period i.e the length of time required for the return or re-payment of the additional larger initial investment. Research tries to conceive a methodology to assess in physical and monetary terms the energy saving and to define in financial terms the initial investment pay-back period at a reasonable rate. Proposed methodology has been tested in a first Case Study set-up at urban level and performed on a urban blocks of a Mediterranean medium size town including real world prototype yard, i.e. chantier, integrating passivation with the adoption of key frontier technologies such as sun chiller and solar cooling.

  7. On-Site Renewable Energy and Green Buildings: A System-Level Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Ghamdi, Sami G; Bilec, Melissa M

    2016-05-01

    Adopting a green building rating system (GBRSs) that strongly considers use of renewable energy can have important environmental consequences, particularly in developing countries. In this paper, we studied on-site renewable energy and GBRSs at the system level to explore potential benefits and challenges. While we have focused on GBRSs, the findings can offer additional insight for renewable incentives across sectors. An energy model was built for 25 sites to compute the potential solar and wind power production on-site and available within the building footprint and regional climate. A life-cycle approach and cost analysis were then completed to analyze the environmental and economic impacts. Environmental impacts of renewable energy varied dramatically between sites, in some cases, the environmental benefits were limited despite the significant economic burden of those renewable systems on-site and vice versa. Our recommendation for GBRSs, and broader policies and regulations, is to require buildings with higher environmental impacts to achieve higher levels of energy performance and on-site renewable energy utilization, instead of fixed percentages. PMID:27031788

  8. On-Site Renewable Energy and Green Buildings: A System-Level Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Ghamdi, Sami G; Bilec, Melissa M

    2016-05-01

    Adopting a green building rating system (GBRSs) that strongly considers use of renewable energy can have important environmental consequences, particularly in developing countries. In this paper, we studied on-site renewable energy and GBRSs at the system level to explore potential benefits and challenges. While we have focused on GBRSs, the findings can offer additional insight for renewable incentives across sectors. An energy model was built for 25 sites to compute the potential solar and wind power production on-site and available within the building footprint and regional climate. A life-cycle approach and cost analysis were then completed to analyze the environmental and economic impacts. Environmental impacts of renewable energy varied dramatically between sites, in some cases, the environmental benefits were limited despite the significant economic burden of those renewable systems on-site and vice versa. Our recommendation for GBRSs, and broader policies and regulations, is to require buildings with higher environmental impacts to achieve higher levels of energy performance and on-site renewable energy utilization, instead of fixed percentages.

  9. Ozone deposition velocities, reaction probabilities and product yields for green building materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamble, S. P.; Corsi, R. L.; Morrison, G. C.

    2011-12-01

    Indoor surfaces can passively remove ozone that enters buildings, reducing occupant exposure without an energy penalty. However, reactions between ozone and building surfaces can generate and release aerosols and irritating and carcinogenic gases. To identify desirable indoor surfaces the deposition velocity, reaction probability and carbonyl product yields of building materials considered green (listed, recycled, sustainable, etc.) were quantified. Nineteen separate floor, wall or ceiling materials were tested in a 10 L, flow-through laboratory reaction chamber. Inlet ozone concentrations were maintained between 150 and 200 ppb (generally much lower in chamber air), relative humidity at 50%, temperature at 25 °C and exposure occurred over 24 h. Deposition velocities ranged from 0.25 m h -1 for a linoleum style flooring up to 8.2 m h -1 for a clay based paint; reaction probabilities ranged from 8.8 × 10 -7 to 6.9 × 10 -5 respectively. For all materials, product yields of C 1 thru C 12 saturated n-aldehydes, plus acetone ranged from undetectable to greater than 0.70 The most promising material was a clay wall plaster which exhibited a high deposition velocity (5.0 m h -1) and a low product yield (

  10. Untapped Fossil Fuel and the Green Paradox: A classroom calibration of the optimal carbon tax

    OpenAIRE

    Rick van der Ploeg

    2013-01-01

    A classroom model of global warming, fossil fuel depletion and the optimal carbon tax is formulated and calibrated. It features iso-elastic fossil fuel demand, stock-dependent fossil fuel extraction costs, an exogenous interest rate and no decay of the atmospheric stock of carbon. The optimal carbon tax reduces emissions from burning fossil fuel, both in the short and medium run. Furthermore, it brings forward the date that renewables take over from fossil fuel and encourages the market to ke...

  11. Measuring the Actual Energy Cost Performance of Green Buildings: A Test of the Earned Value Management Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luay N. Dwaikat

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Reduced energy consumption is a key aspect of the green building. Nonetheless, research indicates that there is a performance gap between the predicted and the actual energy performance once buildings are occupied, which implies a cost deviation from the anticipated energy cost performance. However, the cost deviation also might result from lower or higher energy rates than expected. As an appropriate research methodology for existing theory testing, case study research strategy was adopted to empirically examine the earned value management (EVM approach to measure the actual life cycle cost performance of energy in green buildings. With slight methodological and terminological adaptations, it is found that the EVM approach can be applied to conduct a holistic cost performance measurement of the actual energy consumption in green buildings. The strength of the earned value approach is that it allows for detecting whether the energy cost saving or overrun results from lower or higher energy consumption, or from actual energy rate variations. The earned value approach allows for quantifying each cost variance independently, which is a significant aspect of actual energy cost performance measurement in green buildings.

  12. Power generation from thermoelectric system-embedded Plexiglas for green building technology

    KAUST Repository

    Inayat, Salman Bin

    2012-06-09

    Thermoelectric materials embedded through or inside exterior glass windows can act as a viable source of supplemental power in geographic locations where hot weather dominates. This thermoelectricity is generated because of the thermal difference between the high temperature outside and the relatively cold temperature inside. Using physical vapor deposition process, we experimentally verify this concept by embedding bismuth telluride and antimony telluride through the 5 mm Plexiglas to demonstrate 10 nW of thermopower generation with a temperature gradient of 21 °C. Albeit tiny at this point with non-optimized design and development, this concept can be extended for relatively large-scale power generation as an additional power supply for green building technology.

  13. Comparative study of air conditioning systems with vapor compression chillers using the concept of green buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutenberg da Silva Pereira

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper sets out to compare two different cooling systems that use vapor compression chillers for air conditioning environments. It was proposed to compare different operations in isolated and combined action operations. These operations are evaluated in the concepts of green buildings. A mathematical model was developed based on the principles of mass and energy conservation and complemented by various functions so as to determine the thermophysical properties and efficiencies of the compressors. The equations of the model were solved by the EES (Engineering Equation Solver program. The model evaluates the influence of the main HVAC operating parameters of the chilled water system when operating under three different configurations. The results showed that the system with a differentiated compression presents a COP equal to that of the system with screw chillers in the range  0-300 RTs, and a COP hat is on average 9% higher in the range 400-800 RTs.

  14. Integrated Green Roofs System and its Role of Achieving Sustainability in Residential Buildings in Urban Area in Athens, Greece and Famagusta, North Cyprus

    OpenAIRE

    Seyed Mehran shahidipour

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, the characteristics and importance of the green roof in urban area would investigate in some residential buildings in Athens, Greece and then, some strategies give to integrate green roof in residential buildings in Famagusta, north Cyprus due to the importance of energy saving and thermal comfort in residential buildings. These days, sustainable architecture is spreading around the world. Therefore, Sustainable architecture has important role in design build...

  15. 浅析绿色建筑%Introduction to the Green Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕东阳; 徐常富

    2011-01-01

    二十一世纪,可持续发展成为人类共同的主题,建筑技术科学的发展,赋予建筑室内外物理环境全新的涵义.近年来,随着全球能源问题的日益严峻和“可持续发展”理念在国内的推广,绿色建筑设计越来越引起广大建筑工作者的重视.发展绿色建筑的过程本质上是一个生态文明建设和学习实践科学发展观的过程.其目的和作用在于实现与促进人、建筑和自然之间高度的和谐统一;经济效益、社会效益和环境效益之间充分的协调一致;国民经济、人类社会和生态环境又好又快地可持续发展.%In the twenty-first century, sustainable development has become the common theme of human beings; The development of building technology science gives the new meaning for the physical environment inside and outside the building. In recent years, with the increasingly serious problem of global energy and the promotion of "Sustainable Development" concept in the country, the majority of construction workers have drawn increasing attention to Green Building design. Development of green building is essentially a process of ecological civilization construction and learning and practice of the scientific concept of development. Its purpose and effect is to achieve and promote the high degree of harmony among people, architecture and the nature; the coherence of economic, social and environmental benefits; the sustainable, good and fast development of national economy, human society and the environment.

  16. STEM Beyond The Classroom: Creating Authentic Outreach Programs That Build Bridges Between The Classroom And Real World Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibarra, D. L.; Forder, S. E.; Pritchard, M.

    2014-12-01

    The ISF Academy was founded by Charles Kao, a Nobel Prize laureate. In 2011, the Shuyuan programs were established at The ISF Academy to operate both as a "school within a school" and as a "school outside the classroom." The Shuyuan programs work together with the IBO Science and Technology subject areas to develop comprehensive and challenging opportunities that address the 14 Grand Engineering Challenges. The goal is to establish co-curricular programs that go beyond the taught curriculum and support STEM curricula. Several programs outside of the classroom include an onsite robotics researcher, underwater and land based robotics programs, field trips, whole school food waste composting and the implementation of an energy tracking system. Relationships with several local universities allow students to work closely with professors in research settings and, annually, a leading researcher gives a keynote speech to our students. Other signature Shuyuan programs have developed international strategic relationships with the NRI at Cambridge University, where students spend several weeks studying science and civilization in China using primary source materials. Additionally, Shuyuan has supported extension opportunities for classroom teachers with institutional partnerships that include the British Council, governmental organizations, local universities, corporations, and NGOs. In conclusion, the overall goal of the Shuyuan Programs is to provide experiential learning opportunities that challenge conventional curriculum design in a manner that is supportive and innovative!

  17. Integrated Green Roofs System and its Role of Achieving Sustainability in Residential Buildings in Urban Area in Athens, Greece and Famagusta, North Cyprus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mehran shahidipour

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the characteristics and importance of the green roof in urban area would investigate in some residential buildings in Athens, Greece and then, some strategies give to integrate green roof in residential buildings in Famagusta, north Cyprus due to the importance of energy saving and thermal comfort in residential buildings. These days, sustainable architecture is spreading around the world. Therefore, Sustainable architecture has important role in design buildings and urban design due to high amount of energy use and global warming around the world. There are different methods in sustainable design and one of them that has significant role is design green roof. Green roof integrated to the roof of the buildings to provide the suitable indoor temperature without spending high amount of budget. The methodology is qualitative type that trough the literature review and survey would be understood the importance and role of the green roof in both architecture and urban area. There are many significant architects like Wright that they understood how greenery would improve the function of the building in terms of provide thermal comfort and indoor temperature for the residences, and green roof as well. In Famagusta, there is not any green roof however, the design and integrating of green roof is inexpensive. Green roof should design properly depend on the characteristic of the climate of every place so, the location, temperature, and humidity, location, and wind have influence on the design of the green roof.

  18. Indoor air quality in green buildings: A case-study in a residential high-rise building in the northeastern United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Youyou; Krogmann, Uta; Mainelis, Gediminas; Rodenburg, Lisa A; Andrews, Clinton J

    2015-01-01

    Improved indoor air quality (IAQ) is one of the critical components of green building design. Green building tax credit (e.g., New York State Green Building Tax Credit (GBTC)) and certification programs (e.g., Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED)) require indoor air quality measures and compliance with allowable maximum concentrations of common indoor air pollutants. It is not yet entirely clear whether compliance with these programs results in improved IAQ and ultimately human health. As a case in point, annual indoor air quality measurements were conducted in a residential green high-rise building for five consecutive years by an industrial hygiene contractor to comply with the building's GBTC requirements. The implementation of green design measures resulted in better IAQ compared to data in references of conventional homes for some parameters, but could not be confirmed for others. Relative humidity and carbon dioxide were satisfactory according to existing standards. Formaldehyde levels during four out of five years were below the most recent proposed exposure limits found in the literature. To some degree, particulate matter (PM) levels were lower than that in studies from conventional residential buildings. Concentrations of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) with known permissible exposure limits were below levels known to cause chronic health effects, but their concentrations were inconclusive regarding cancer health effects due to relatively high detection limits. Although measured indoor air parameters met all IAQ maximum allowable concentrations in GBTC and applicable LEED requirements at the time of sampling, we argue that these measurements were not sufficient to assess IAQ comprehensively because more sensitive sampling/analytical methods for PM and VOCs are needed; in addition, there is a need for a formal process to ensure rigor and adequacy of sampling and analysis methods. Also, we suggest that a comprehensive IAQ assessment should

  19. 绿色建筑的经济性评价内容研究%Research on Economic Evaluation of Green Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申琪玉

    2014-01-01

    Economic evaluation is an important content of green building assessment. This paper summarizes the research status of green building economy and determines the main contents of economic evaluation of green building, namely: the life cycle costs of green buildings, the life cycle benefit evaluation index system of green building and the economic evaluation index system of green building. This research can provide theoretical support for the economic development of green building and better promote the development of green building.%绿色建筑评价的重要环节之一是经济性评价。首先,本文总结了绿色建筑经济性的国内外研究趋势,又从绿色建筑的全过程成本、绿色建筑效益评价指标及绿色建筑经济评价指标三个方面,详细阐述了绿色建筑经济性评价的内容。该研究可以为绿色建筑的经济性分析提供理论支持,可以更好地推进绿色建筑的发展。

  20. 绿色办公建筑的探索%The Exploration of the Green Office Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒丹

    2013-01-01

    In the green office building design, in order to bea-utify the building green landscape, do layers of greening, imp-rove the environment quality of the building and the work eff-iciency, the design principles of“Inner Courtyard Type”of ar-chitectural composition and the“Garden Type”of environme-ntal landscape must be fol owed. This article mainly describes the green design of an office building.%在绿色办公建筑设计中,为美化建筑绿化景观,做到层层有绿化、提升建筑环境质量、提高工作效率,在设计中应遵循建筑布局“内庭式”、环境景观“花园式”的设计原则。本文主要阐述了某办公建筑的绿色设计。

  1. Modeling the green building (GB) investment decisions of developers and end-users with transaction costs (TCs) considerations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Qian, Q.K.; Chan, E.H.W.; Visscher , H.J.; Lehmann, S.

    2015-01-01

    The paper, through a “regenerative” lens, has focused upon a new conceptual game system involving transaction costs (TCs) for creating a more accessible green buildings (GB) market. Individual stakeholders steadfastly guard their own interests in any investment decision, which seldom considers any p

  2. BIM 技术在绿色建筑中的应用%Application of BIM technology in green building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄锦涛

    2015-01-01

    Based on the development status of green BIM,the application of BIM technology in the entire building life cycle is analysed,and the prospect and key points of domestic green BIM’s development are discussed,point out combining BIM technology and green building together have become the inevitable trend of China’s construction industry.%通过比对国内外绿色BIM的发展现状,分析BIM技术在建筑全生命周期的应用可能,探讨了国内绿色BIM的发展前景和注意要点,指出将BIM技术与绿色建筑相结合是中国建筑业发展的必然趋势。

  3. 创设情景教学 构建高效课堂%The Creation of Scenarios to Build Effective Classroom Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽萍

    2011-01-01

    结合新课程的教育理念,以"三维"教学目标构建课堂教学,激发学生学习历史的兴趣,营造开放式的学习环境,创设课堂情景教学模式,构建高效课堂。%Combined with the new curriculum philosophy of education,to "D" building classroom teaching objectives, stimulate students interest in studying history, to create an open learning environment,the creation of classroom teaching situations, build effective classroom.

  4. Climate Change Mitigation through Energy Benchmarking in the GCC Green Buildings Codes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yousef Alhorr

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC of countries resides at or close to the top of the global table of CO2 emissions per capita and its economy relies heavily on its fossil fuels. This provides a context for green building programs that initially aim to create an understanding of emission pathways within the GCC and hence develop approaches to their reduction in the built environment. A set of criteria will allow specific analysis to be undertaken linked to the spatial dimensions of the sector under study. In this paper, approaches to modelling energy consumption and CO2 emissions are presented. As investment in the built environment continues, natural resources dwindle and the cost of energy increases, delivering low-energy buildings will become mandatory. In this study, a hybrid modelling approach (bottom-top & top-bottom is presented. Energy benchmarks are developed for different buildings’ uses and compared with international standards. The main goals are to establish design benchmarks and develop a modelling tool that contains specific information for all buildings types (existing and new, as well as planned and projected growths within the various city districts, then integrate this database within a geospatial information system that will allow us to answer a range of “what-if”-type questions about various intervention strategies, emissions savings, and acceptability of pre-defined course of actions in the city sector under consideration. The spatial carbon intensity may be adjusted over a certain period, (e.g., through local generation (microgeneration or due to an increasing proportion of lower carbon-energy in the generation mix and this can be related to the sector and city overall consumption.

  5. The Influence of Clients’ Qualities on Green Design Performance of Building Projects in Malaysia-Descriptive Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed S. Elforgani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In the construction industry, success of building projects greatly depends on the client’s performance. The performance of clients is crucial since decisions made will influence the overall project performance. Typically, clients are represented by managerial and technical representatives during the design process. They play major roles in conveying required information to the design team regarding their future project. The quality of clients’ representatives has potential influence on design team performance. In designing green buildings client’s attributes are critical factors to high performance of building projects. Attributes such as knowledge and experience on green buildings, commitment level to green and clients’ ability to participate and manage design process are the key factors to produce green design. The propose of this study to identify current performance level of clients of building projects and establish key clients’ attributes influencing green design performance. Approach: To achieve mentioned aim a questionnaire survey was conducted to collect dada required. A sample of 274 respondents has been covered under the study, including architects and engineers practicing design and consultancy building sectors. Prior to analysis of data WINSTEPS software were used for Rasch modeling to determine validity and reliability of date. Descriptive analysis data includes quantitative and qualitative. Results and Conclusion: Client qualities in general were low, client communication with design team; client involvement and ability to coordinate design process were moderate. However, Knowledge and experience on green design, client organization commitment to green and commitment in financing green design were low. The result indicates that most building clients have inadequate knowledge to manage design green buildings. Therefore, more education and training courses on green building are needed to

  6. Access to Equal Opportunities: Building of a Virtual Classroom within Two 'Conventional' Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husu, Jukka

    2000-01-01

    This Finnish study linked two secondary school classrooms to one virtual classroom to enhance the quality of education in small schools. Discusses advantages, including the rapid development of pragmatism and intellectual and social partnership; and disadvantages, including a lack of intimacy and students' difficulties with self discipline and…

  7. A Meta-Analysis of Classroom-Wide Interventions to Build Social Skills: Do They Work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    January, Alicia M.; Casey, Rita J.; Paulson, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Outcomes of 28 peer-reviewed journal articles published between 1981 and 2007 were evaluated quantitatively to assess the effectiveness of classroom-wide interventions for the improvement of social skills. All interventions included in the study were implemented with intact classrooms that included both socially competent children and those with…

  8. Green Kidz

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Porto, Melina; Daryai-Hansen, Petra; Arcuri, Maria Emilia;

    2016-01-01

    Projektet "Green Kidz. Intercultural environmental citizenship in the English language classroom in Argentina and Denmark" er en del af et internationalt udviklingsprojekt, der er ledet af Michael Byram, Durham University. Projektet belyser, hvordan interkulturelt medborgerskab kan styrkes i folk...

  9. green

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Grigoryeva

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The “green” topic follows the “youngsters”, which is quite natural for the Russian language.Traditionally these words put together sound slightly derogatory. However, “green” also means fresh, new and healthy.For Russia, and for Siberia in particular, “green” architecture does sound new and fresh. Forced by the anxious reality, we are addressing this topic intentionally. The ecological crisis, growing energy prices, water, air and food deficits… Alexander Rappaport, our regular author, writes: “ It has been tolerable until a certain time, but under transition to the global civilization, as the nature is destroyed, and swellings of megapolises expand incredibly fast, the size and the significance of all these problems may grow a hundredfold”.However, for this very severe Siberian reality the newness of “green” architecture may turn out to be well-forgotten old. A traditional Siberian house used to be built on principles of saving and environmental friendliness– one could not survive in Siberia otherwise.Probably, in our turbulent times, it is high time to fasten “green belts”. But we should keep from enthusiastic sticking of popular green labels or repainting of signboards into green color. We should avoid being drowned in paper formalities under “green” slogans. And we should prevent the Earth from turning into the planet “Kin-dza-dza”.

  10. The Energy Impact in Buildings of Vegetative Solutions for Extensive Green Roofs in Temperate Climates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedetta Barozzi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Many bibliographical studies have highlighted the positive effects of green roofs as technological solutions both for new and renovated buildings. The one-year experimental monitoring campaign conducted has investigated, in detail, some aspects related to the surface temperature variation induced by the presence of different types of vegetation compared to traditional finishing systems for flat roofs and their impact from an energy and environmental point of view. The results obtained underlined how an appropriate vegetative solution selection can contribute to a significant reduction of the external surface temperatures (10 °C–20 °C for I > 500 W/m2 and 0 °C–5 °C for I < 500 W/m2, regardless of the season compared to traditional flat roofs. During the winter season, the thermal gradients of the planted surface temperatures are close to zero compared to the floor, except under special improving conditions. This entails a significant reduction of the energy loads from summer air conditioning, and an almost conservative behavior with respect to that from winter heating consumption. The analysis of the inside growing medium temperatures returned a further interesting datum, too: the temperature gradient with respect to surface temperature (annual average 4 °C–9 °C is a function of solar radiation and involves the insulating contribution of the soil.

  11. Energy efficient school buildings in central-western Argentina: an assessment of alternative typologies for the classroom tier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Rosa, C.; Basso, M.; Fernandez, J.C. [Laboratorio de Ambiente Humano y Vivienda, Mendoza (AR)] [and others

    2000-07-01

    Four energy-efficient demonstration school buildings were built in the western province of Mendoza, Argentina, in 1999, as part of a massive building program required to implement the new Federal Education Plan. The buildings should make medium use of bioclimatic strategies and daylighting. The aspects of typology of the classroom tiers became immediately apparent as one of the main conditioners of the overall scheme. Three different alternative schemes were designed and built. A deeper analysis of these and other possible alternatives were thought essential for future constructions of the type. Four typologies of the classroom tier, using the same, locally available technology, are being comparatively assessed in the aspects of energy efficiently, thermal and luminous comfort, construction and operation costs and environmental impact (LCA). The paper presents the provisional results of the two first items only: energy efficiency and thermal comfort. While all four schemes evaluated are believed to be ''workable'', differences will tend to favour some the other according to context situations. Volumetric Loss Coeff. range from 1.09 to 1.24 W/Km{sup 3}. Solar savings fractions for the school operation hours vary between: 82.83 and 91.58%. Work is being continued to cover all the analysis items in a combined way. (author)

  12. Standards Serve the Olympics:Building a "Green Olympics"——Forum on Green Olympics and Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ On June 26th a forum entitled Green Olympics and Sustainable Development was hosted by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO); Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China (SAC);Science and Technology Committee for the Games of the ⅩⅩⅨ Olympiad; General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the PRC (AQSIQ); State Environmental Protection Administration of China; China Meteorological Administration;and the Certification and Accreditation Administration of the PRC at Beijing International Conference Hall.

  13. Application of Digital Logic Based on the Concept of Green Building--Taking Xuzhou Fenghua Garden Residential Planning as an Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, J. H.; Zhu, D. D.

    Because the low carbon and sustainable development becomes more and more important in Chinese even in all over the world, author sorted out the logic of green building technology with the logic of digital technology by generalizing the development and type of modern green building technology. As the specific experiment object, Xuzhou Fenghua garden residential district was planned and designed though green digital design means. The reasonable general plan was designed scientifically and efficiently though the immediate colorful chill sunshine time map and repeated adjusted design. The above is to prove the efficiency and possibility of green digital design and bring inspiration to a deeper level of advanced algorithm.

  14. BPS, energy efficiency and renewable energy sources for buildings greening and zero energy cities planning harmony and ethics of sustainability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Todorovic, Marija S. [University of Belgrade, Serbia and Southeast University (China)

    2011-07-01

    Traditional village houses now use renewable materials and energy sources and this paper presents the intrinsic harmony of these buildings' greening and their sustainability. The paper covers building technical systems, sustainable energy supply, and the importance of renewable raw materials (RMS) for sustainable development. This study investigated the role of building dynamic behavior and optimized energy efficiency in reducing thermal loads significantly. A preliminary design for sustainable energy efficient settlements with net zero energy buildings is proposed and a comprehensive multidisciplinary engineering study was done which identified the technical feasibility of sustainable village energy and water supplies using solar or wind technologies. Overall, through analysis of sustainability definitions and possible ways to achieve sustainability, the study demonstrated that this can only be brought about by interdisciplinary interaction and finding the right balance between materiality and spirituality, science and art, and between technological development and concern for cultural and other human values.

  15. BUILDING BLOCKS IN THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSROOM (PILARES BÁSICOS EN EL AULA DE IDIOMAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coto Keith Rossina

    2010-12-01

    presents each separately, giving the idea that only one or two can be used in the language classroom, thus missing some important matters. The point of this article is that in order to be more effective, Learning Styles, Multiple Intelligences and Language Learning Strategies must intertwine, so as to create a solid building block. The author first gives an overview of each of these areas. She then explains in the review of the literature how they should be used as a closely-knit unit. Next, she provides an example of this integration through a lesson plan on the topic of environmental conservation for an Oral Communication course for English majors at School of Modern Languages, University of Costa Rica. Finally, some advice is given to instructors on the incorporation of each of these building blocks.

  16. Multifunctional BIPV Systems of“GREEN YES” Building%“GREEN YES”光伏建筑一体化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚莉; 李进; 罗多; 林笑兰; 余国保; 邓鑫

    2015-01-01

    珠海兴业太阳能“GREEN YES”办公楼以建筑遮阳设计为切入点,结合建筑的通风及采光进行多样化的光伏建筑一体化设计,采用了包括建筑立面的季节控制通风光伏遮阳系统、屋顶立面的光伏双玻百叶女儿墙、屋顶平面上的园林式光伏屋面遮阳系统、四楼平台整体升降垂直通风光伏采光顶及裙楼层点式光伏雨篷等五个光伏建筑一体化系统,预计年发电量达153532 kW·h。%Zhuhai Singyes R&D building which is named as “GREEN YES” is designed with a multifunctional BIPV system. The destination of design for the system is to make the PV work both for power generating and building components. Those components contain functions like shading, ventilation and daylighting. There are five different types of BIPV components in this building including seasonally-adjusted BIPV shading and ventilating curtain wall on fa?ade, BIPV louver on parapet, PV roof canopy with landscaping, automatic integrated vertically-lifting BIPV skylight(for natural ventilation of the big hall), double-skin point-supported PV canopy etc. The annual energy production of this building can reach 153 532 kW·h.

  17. 关于学生英语自主学习课堂环境的建构%Building Dynamic Classroom Teaching Environment to Promote English Autonomous Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈静

    2012-01-01

      根据多年的教学实践,从英语课堂教学的角度,探讨了如何构建自主学习的课堂教学模式。%  Based on intensive teaching practices in English teaching, from the perspective of classroom teaching, the writer dis⁃cusses how to build dynamic classroom teaching environment to promote English autonomous study.

  18. Green roof adoption in atlanta, georgia: the effects of building characteristics and subsidies on net private, public, and social benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullen, Jeffrey D; Lamsal, Madhur; Colson, Greg

    2013-10-01

    This research draws on and expands previous studies that have quantified the costs and benefits associated with conventional roofs versus green roofs. Using parameters from those studies to define alternative scenarios, we estimate from a private, public, and social perspective the costs and benefits of installing and maintaining an extensive green roof in Atlanta, GA. Results indicate net private benefits are a decreasing function of roof size and vary considerably across scenarios. In contrast, net public benefits are highly stable across scenarios, ranging from $32.49 to $32.90 m(-2). In addition, we evaluate two alternative subsidy regimes: (i) a general subsidy provided to every building that adopts a green roof and (ii) a targeted subsidy provided only to buildings for which net private benefits are negative but net public benefits are positive. In 6 of the 12 general subsidy scenarios the optimal public policy is not to offer a subsidy; in 5 scenarios the optimal subsidy rate is between $20 and $27 m(-2); and in 1 scenario the optimal rate is $5 m(-2). The optimal rate with a targeted subsidy is between $20 and $27 m(-2) in 11 scenarios and no subsidy is optimal in the twelfth. In most scenarios, a significant portion of net public benefits are generated by buildings for which net private benefits are positive. This suggests a policy focused on information dissemination and technical assistance may be more cost-effective than direct subsidy payments.

  19. Green roof adoption in atlanta, georgia: the effects of building characteristics and subsidies on net private, public, and social benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullen, Jeffrey D; Lamsal, Madhur; Colson, Greg

    2013-10-01

    This research draws on and expands previous studies that have quantified the costs and benefits associated with conventional roofs versus green roofs. Using parameters from those studies to define alternative scenarios, we estimate from a private, public, and social perspective the costs and benefits of installing and maintaining an extensive green roof in Atlanta, GA. Results indicate net private benefits are a decreasing function of roof size and vary considerably across scenarios. In contrast, net public benefits are highly stable across scenarios, ranging from $32.49 to $32.90 m(-2). In addition, we evaluate two alternative subsidy regimes: (i) a general subsidy provided to every building that adopts a green roof and (ii) a targeted subsidy provided only to buildings for which net private benefits are negative but net public benefits are positive. In 6 of the 12 general subsidy scenarios the optimal public policy is not to offer a subsidy; in 5 scenarios the optimal subsidy rate is between $20 and $27 m(-2); and in 1 scenario the optimal rate is $5 m(-2). The optimal rate with a targeted subsidy is between $20 and $27 m(-2) in 11 scenarios and no subsidy is optimal in the twelfth. In most scenarios, a significant portion of net public benefits are generated by buildings for which net private benefits are positive. This suggests a policy focused on information dissemination and technical assistance may be more cost-effective than direct subsidy payments. PMID:23991671

  20. 探讨高效节能的绿色建筑设计%Discuss the Green Building Design of High Efficiency and Energy Saving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐海

    2014-01-01

    随着能源危机的日益严重,保护能源迫在眉捷。绿色节能建筑是通过环境与建筑体系之间的关系,使建筑体系减小对环境的破坏。本文对绿色建筑设计进行了探讨,为能够设计出更多高效节能的绿色建筑提供了参考。%With the increasingly serious energy crisis, the en-ergy protection is eyebrow nimble. Green energy-saving build-ings are making the building system reduce the damage to the environment through the relationship between the environment and building system. This article discusses the green building design to provide reference for design a more efficient ener-gy-saving green building.

  1. Evaluation of three common green building materials for ozone removal, and primary and secondary emissions of aldehydes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gall, Elliott; Darling, Erin; Siegel, Jeffrey A.; Morrison, Glenn C.; Corsi, Richard L.

    2013-10-01

    Ozone reactions that occur on material surfaces can lead to elevated concentrations of oxidized products in the occupied space of buildings. However, there is little information on the impact of materials at full scale, especially for green building materials. Experiments were completed in a 68 m3 climate-controlled test chamber with three certified green building materials that can cover large areas in buildings: (1) recycled carpet, (2) perlite-based ceiling tile and (3) low-VOC paint and primer on recycled drywall. Ozone deposition velocity and primary and secondary emission rates of C1 to C10 saturated carbonyls were determined for two chamber mixing conditions and three values of relative humidity. A direct comparison was made between ozone deposition velocities and carbonyl yields observed for the same materials analyzed in small (10 L) chambers. Total primary carbonyl emission rates from carpet, ceiling tile and painted drywall ranged from 27 to 120 μg m-2 h-1, 13 to 40 μg m-2 h-1, 3.9 to 42 μg m-2 h-1, respectively. Ozone deposition velocity to these three materials averaged 6.1 m h-1, 2.3 m h-1 and 0.32 m h-1, respectively. Total secondary carbonyl emissions from these materials ranged from 70 to 276 μg m-2 h-1, 0 to 12 μg m-2 h-1, and 0 to 30 μg m-2 h-1, respectively. Carbonyl emissions were determined with a transient approximation, and were found to be in general agreement with those found in the literature. These results suggest that care should be taken when selecting green building materials due to potentially large differences in primary and secondary emissions.

  2. Beyond Batteries and Bulbs, Circuits and Conductors: Building Green, Activist-Oriented Student Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haun-Frank, Julie; Matthews, Catherine E.; Allen, Melony Holyfield

    2012-01-01

    In this article we provide an example of how to foster an activist-oriented student community by critically examining green technology. We designed this curriculum unit to teach students about the fundamentals of electricity, green technology, and experimental design. Additionally, we viewed this activity as an opportunity for students to apply…

  3. 刍议绿色建筑施工管理的应用%The Application of the Green Building Construction Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨濰屿

    2014-01-01

    现代建筑施工要求绿色环保,绿色建筑施工管理理念应运而生,并带动了绿色建筑工程发展。本文主要介绍了绿色建筑、绿色建筑施工管理和评价,分析了绿色建筑施工管理的必要性和应用,并指出了绿色建筑的建设标准及发展方向。%The modern construction requires green environm-ental protection, so green building construction management emerges as the times requires and it has driven the develop-pment of green building engineering. This paper mainly int-roduces the green building, green building construction mana-gement and evaluation, and analyses the necessity and appli-cation of green construction management, and points out that the green building construction standard and development dir-ection.

  4. Macro-Situation and Numerical Knowledge Building: The Role of Pupils' Didactic Memory in Classroom Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fluckiger, Annick

    2005-01-01

    This paper is based on a long-term didactic engineering about division problems (only in a numerical setting) at primary school. Situations and students' work are analyzed by means of a double theoretical framework: the theory of situations and the theory of conceptual fields (Vergnaud 1991). The analysis focuses mainly on classroom interactions…

  5. Building Student Success Using Problem-Based Learning Approach in the Accounting Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shawver, Todd A.

    2015-01-01

    A major area of concern in academia is that of student retention at the university, college, and departmental levels. As academics, there is a considerable amount that we can do to improve student retention, and reduce the attrition rates in our departments. One way to solve this is to take an innovative approach in the classroom to enhance the…

  6. Building Reading Resilience: Re-Thinking Reading for the Literary Studies Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Kate; Barnett, Tully; Poletti, Anna; Seaboyer, Judith; Kennedy, Rosanne

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces the concept of "reading resilience": students' ability to read and interpret complex and demanding literary texts by drawing on advanced, engaged, critical reading skills. Reading resilience is a means for rethinking the place and pedagogies of close reading in the contemporary literary studies classroom. Our…

  7. Build Your Own Second-Generation Bioethanol Plant in the Classroom!

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Seters, van J.R.; Sijbers, J.P.J.; Denis, M.; Tramper, J.

    2011-01-01

    The production of bioethanol from cellulosic waste is described. The experiment is suitable for students in secondary school classroom settings and leads to bioethanol in a concentration high enough to burn the liquid. The experiment consists of three steps: (i) the cellulose of the waste material i

  8. Build Your Own Second-Generation Bioethanol Plant in the Classroom!

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Seters, Janneke R.; Sijbers, Jeroen P. J.; Denis, Misha; Tramper, Johannes

    2011-01-01

    The production of bioethanol from cellulosic waste is described. The experiment is suitable for students in secondary school classroom settings and leads to bioethanol in a concentration high enough to burn the liquid. The experiment consists of three steps: (i) the cellulose of the waste material is converted to glucose by cellulase enzymes, (ii)…

  9. Building Bridges: A Peace Corps Classroom Guide to Cross-Cultural Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aronhime, Raquel; Bennhold-Samaan, Laurette; Coratti, Nancy; Lazar, Cori; Flaccus, Trisha Tumulty; McGinnis, J. Randy; Scammahorn, Emmy; Soderstrom, Robert; Storti, Craig; Williams, Krystal

    2010-01-01

    The lessons presented in this book will: (1) Help students better understand their own culture and how it has shaped them; (2) Help students begin to understand the perspectives of other cultures, leading to increased respect for those who are different from them--in the classroom and worldwide; and (3) Provide an increased awareness of the value…

  10. Building Concepts through Writing-to-Learn in College Physics Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullock, Shawn

    2006-01-01

    This paper draws on an action research inquiry into my teaching practice featuring careful analysis of the experiences of some of the students in my college-level introductory college physics course. Specifically, the research describes and interprets the role of Writing-to-Learn pedagogies in a physics classroom with a view to exploring how such…

  11. GREEN DESIGN STRATEGIES OF TIANJIN TOWNSHIP INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS%天津乡镇工业建筑的绿色优化策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡期光; 唐浩; 梁雪莹

    2012-01-01

    It was analyzed the gap between Tianjin township industrial buildings and " green building rating standards", and was also proposed the idea of implementing green building design of Tianjin township industrial buildings ; and it was put forward the green design strategies suitable for such buildings in Tianjin by way of planning and architectural design.%分析天津乡镇工业建筑与《绿色建筑评价标准》的差距,提出天津乡镇工业建筑必须推行绿色建筑的主张,并从规划与建筑设计两个方面提出了适于天津乡镇工业建筑的绿色建筑策略。

  12. Collaboration Initiative on Green Construction and Sustainability through Industrialized Buildings Systems (IBS in the Malaysian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamarul Anuar Mohamad Kamar

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Malaysian Construction Industry has been urged to use innovative construction technique and to shift from traditional practice of brick and mortar to Industrialized Building System (IBS construction. IBS is defined as a construction technique in which components are manufactured in a controlled environment (on or off site, transported, positioned and assembled into a structure with minimal additional site works. On the other hand, the issues of sustainability and green construction have been duly highlighted in the Construction Industry Master Plan (2005 – 2015 as being of significant importance for the Malaysian construction industry. The Malaysian government is also committed to addressing sustainability issues and meeting its target and obligations in this regard. This paper highlights several aspects of IBS that has the potential of contributing to green construction and sustainability. IBS promotes sustainability from controlled production environment, minimization of waste generation, extensive usage of energy efficient building material, effective logistics and long term economic stability which can contribute to better investment in environment technologies. The Construction Research Institute of Malaysia (CREAM, University of Salford and other research institutes in Malaysia will conduct a collaboration Research and Development (R&D initiative on green construction and sustainability trough IBS implementation. From this paper, the authors hope to receive feedbacks, comments and recommendations to improve research aims, objectives, expected deliverables and research methodology.

  13. Green economy as a vector of building and development of smart cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anufriev Valery

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The vector of smart city development is power-efficient and low-carbon policy (strategy within the framework of the green economy. Sustainable development and green growth of cities can be provided by active growth of the human capital owing to creative, innovative ideas, approaches and solutions. Idea creators should be prepared in the best green gymnasiums, universities, academies. Energy saving and energy efficiency, besides creation of conditions required for innovations in the main parts of economy, will considerably reduce the risks of climate change and natural and man-made disasters related to it. It will introduce considerable additional contribution into the development of smart cities.

  14. 重庆绿色建筑探索与实践%Green Building Research and Project Development in Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴泽玲

    2012-01-01

    本文以重庆某轨道交通综合楼为基本案例,从其实践的绿色建筑策略中提炼出绿色建筑的诸多经验,总结了绿色建筑实践的基本原则:采用适宜的技术、合理利用可再生能源、引入绿色建筑评价体系,并以建筑全年能耗模拟软件预测建筑运行能耗,以验证其绿色建筑技术的有效性,在建筑运行前期起到理性的指导作用。%This article take the green building project of Chongqing Railway Transit Corporation as an example to introduce the green building design concept,strategy and project experience in Chongqing,and makes a conclusion of the basic principles for green building project development: to use the adapted strategies,to use the renewable energy properly,and to use the green building assessment as a tool.Energy modeling for whole building energy consumption per year is used to estimate the validity of those green building strategies and work as a rational guideline before the building operation.

  15. Carbohydrate Green Chemistry: C-Glycoside Ketones as Potential Chiral Building Blocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    "Green chemistry" methods to produce new chemicals from renewable agricultural feedstocks will decrease our dependence on imported petroleum feedstocks and lower the environmental impact of consumer products. Our current research focuses on development of new carbohydrate-based derivatives, "locked...

  16. Classroom 2.0 Experiences and Building on the Use of ICT in Teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Domingo-Coscollola, María; Marquès-Graells, Pere

    2011-01-01

    Recognising the importance of new technology in the classroom, our aim is to promote the integration of information and communication technology (ICT) in teaching practice from a collaborative research in which action research style methods are applied involving 21 primary and secondary schools in Spain. In these research seminars, the participating teachers receive a progressive educational and technological training orientated towards the experiment and reflect on the possibilities of using...

  17. Building a Synchronous Virtual Classroom in a Distance English Language Teacher Training (DELTT) Program in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    T. Volkan YUZER; Belgin AYDIN

    2006-01-01

    This paper reports a synchronous project, “the virtual classroom” prepared for the Distance English Language Teacher Training (DELTT) Program. The process of developing the synchronous project and the interface with its specific components were reported with examples and supported by theoretical background from the related literature. The evaluation of the project concludes that the virtual classroom facilitated increased authentic interaction and encouraged learners to become more autonomous...

  18. Evaluating Different Green School Building Designs for Albania: Indoor Thermal Comfort, Energy Use Analysis with Solar Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalvi, Ambalika Rajendra

    Improving the conditions of schools in many parts of the world is gradually acquiring importance. The Green School movement is an integral part of this effort since it aims at improving indoor environmental conditions. This would in turn, enhance student- learning while minimizing adverse environmental impact through energy efficiency of comfort-related HVAC and lighting systems. This research, which is a part of a larger research project, aims at evaluating different school building designs in Albania in terms of energy use and indoor thermal comfort, and identify energy efficient options of existing schools. We start by identifying three different climate zones in Albania; Coastal (Durres), Hill/Pre-mountainous (Tirana), mountainous (Korca). Next, two prototypical school building designs are identified from the existing stock. Numerous scenarios are then identified for analysis which consists of combinations of climate zone, building type, building orientation, building upgrade levels, presence of renewable energy systems (solar photovoltaic and solar water heater). The existing building layouts, initially outlined in CAD software and then imported into a detailed building energy software program (eQuest) to perform annual simulations for all scenarios. The research also predicted indoor thermal comfort conditions of the various scenarios on the premise that windows could be opened to provide natural ventilation cooling when appropriate. This study also estimated the energy generated from solar photovoltaic systems and solar water heater systems when placed on the available roof area to determine the extent to which they are able to meet the required electric loads (plug and lights) and building heating loads respectively. The results showed that there is adequate indoor comfort without the need for mechanical cooling for the three climate zones, and that only heating is needed during the winter months.

  19. 78 FR 8145 - Sequence 24 Findings of the EISA 436(h) Ad-Hoc Review Group on Green Building Certification Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ... GSA may take in fulfilling its requirement from the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of... the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA, Pub. L. 110-140) to evaluate green building... high performance in buildings. Section 436 of EISA requires the Director of GSA's Office of...

  20. Green rooms - schemes, feasible ways and aims concerning the improvement of the quality of life in residential buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roehrbein, R.

    1986-06-01

    Both an improvement of environs and an improvement of the quality of buildings contribute to checking the economic, social and psychological motives of the migration from urban to rural areas. An introductory survey describes the constructional schemes (e.g. Le Corbusier) the relevant efforts are based on. The author stresses the trend towards more roominess and freedom of movement. A brief description of the development since 1945 is followed by a detailed discussion exemplifying the rehabilitation of urban areas. Along with cost calculations and regulatory aspects (planning, building ordinance, attached greenhouses) the author presents a four-room maisonnette model with one of its rooms designed as a 'green room'. The zone verte of the latter (5x5 m) proved to be ideally suited for various most attractive uses. (HWJ).

  1. BioClimatic Architecture without Architects: Green Design Tips by Insects, Animals and Vernacular Buildings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Christodoulou, A.

    2011-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. In our struggle towards a smarter building approach we can get our inspiration from natural and vernacular buildings, which survived for thousands of years and integrated well with nature, without the technol

  2. Contributions to the design of rainwater harvesting systems in buildings with green roofs in a Mediterranean climate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, Cristina M; Calheiros, Cristina S C; Pimentel-Rodrigues, Carla; Silva-Afonso, Armando; Castro, Paula M L

    2016-01-01

    Green roofs (GRs) are becoming a trend in urban areas, favouring thermal performance of buildings, promoting removal of atmospheric pollutants, and acting as possible water collection spots. Rainwater harvesting systems in buildings can also contribute to the management of stormwater runoff reducing flood peaks. These technologies should be enhanced in Mediterranean countries where water scarcity is increasing and the occurrence of extreme events is becoming very significant, as a result of climate change. An extensive pilot GR with three aromatic plant species, Satureja montana, Thymus caespititius and Thymus pseudolanuginosus, designed to study several parameters affecting rainwater runoff, has been in operation for 12 months. Physico-chemical analyses of roof water runoff (turbidity, pH, conductivity, NH4(+), NO3(-), PO4(3-), chemical oxygen demand) have shown that water was of sufficient quality for non-potable uses in buildings, such as toilet flushing. An innovative approach allowed for the development of an expression to predict a 'monthly runoff coefficient' of the GR system. This parameter is essential when planning and designing GRs combined with rainwater harvesting systems in a Mediterranean climate. This study is a contribution to improving the basis for the design of rainwater harvesting systems in buildings with extensive GRs under a Mediterranean climate.

  3. Contributions to the design of rainwater harvesting systems in buildings with green roofs in a Mediterranean climate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, Cristina M; Calheiros, Cristina S C; Pimentel-Rodrigues, Carla; Silva-Afonso, Armando; Castro, Paula M L

    2016-01-01

    Green roofs (GRs) are becoming a trend in urban areas, favouring thermal performance of buildings, promoting removal of atmospheric pollutants, and acting as possible water collection spots. Rainwater harvesting systems in buildings can also contribute to the management of stormwater runoff reducing flood peaks. These technologies should be enhanced in Mediterranean countries where water scarcity is increasing and the occurrence of extreme events is becoming very significant, as a result of climate change. An extensive pilot GR with three aromatic plant species, Satureja montana, Thymus caespititius and Thymus pseudolanuginosus, designed to study several parameters affecting rainwater runoff, has been in operation for 12 months. Physico-chemical analyses of roof water runoff (turbidity, pH, conductivity, NH4(+), NO3(-), PO4(3-), chemical oxygen demand) have shown that water was of sufficient quality for non-potable uses in buildings, such as toilet flushing. An innovative approach allowed for the development of an expression to predict a 'monthly runoff coefficient' of the GR system. This parameter is essential when planning and designing GRs combined with rainwater harvesting systems in a Mediterranean climate. This study is a contribution to improving the basis for the design of rainwater harvesting systems in buildings with extensive GRs under a Mediterranean climate. PMID:27120638

  4. Building green infrastructure via citizen participation - a six-year study in the Shepherd Creek

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green infrastructure at the parcel scale provides critical ecosystem goods and services when these services (such as flood mitigation) must be provided locally. Here we report on an approach that encourages suburban landowners to mitigate impervious surfaces on their properties t...

  5. Truly Green: A Look at the Advantages of Maintaining Historic Campus Buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Julie Paul; Hillman, Luce R.

    2010-01-01

    Most colleges and universities have taken great strides in recent years to embrace "being green." As part of this process, many institutions have established an Office of Sustainability or similar department to implement these practices and foster the image of environmental consciousness that the universities want to project. Institutions are…

  6. A Policy Framework for Green Transportation in Georgia : Achieving Reforms and Building Infrastructure for Sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    The Government of Georgia is considering options for reducing fossil fuel imports in favor of introducing large scale use of domestic energy sources for public and private transportation. However, this must be considered within the overall context of green transportation-which will generate benefits well beyond the substitution of fossil fuels with domestic energy sources. The concept of g...

  7. Being in a "Green" Building Elicits "Greener" Recycling, but Not Necessarily "Better" Recycling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, David W-L; DiGiacomo, Alessandra; Lenkic, Peter J; Wong, Vanessa K; Kingstone, Alan

    2016-01-01

    Previous observational work revealed that transient populations in a sustainable building disposed of waste more accurately when compared to patrons in a non-sustainable building. The current study uses an experimental design to replicate this observed effect and to investigate whether or not the built environment influences motivational factors to impact behavior. We find support that a building designed and built to communicate an atmosphere of sustainability can influence waste disposal behavior. Participants in the sustainable building used the garbage receptacle significantly less and compensated by tending to select the containers and organics receptacle more, which actually resulted in more errors overall. Our findings suggest that building atmospherics can motivate people to recycle more. However, atmospherics alone do not appear to be sufficient to elicit the desired performance outcome.

  8. Discussion on Several Issues of Green Building in New Rural Development%新农村发展绿色建筑的几个问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟杰

    2011-01-01

    从与建筑节能相关的建筑围护结构出发,分析了建筑物朝向、体形系数、传热系数、建筑材料等与绿色建筑技术的关系,探讨了屋顶、墙体、门窗的节能技术,以期为新农村绿色建筑的发展提供参考.%Starting from related building envelope structure of building energy conservation, the relations of direction of building, shape coefficient , heat transfer coefficient and tignum with green building technology were analyzed, moreover, energy conservation technology of roof, wall and doors and windows were discussed to provide references for the development of green building of new countryside.

  9. Research and Discussion on the Three-dimensional Greening of Building%建筑立体绿化的研究与探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Along with the city construction is increasing, peo-ple pay more at ention to the greening of building. This paper mainly expounds the greening technology on the building roof and puts forward the prospect of the development of roof gree-ning later, in order to improve the greening landscape city and provides technical support for reference.%  随着城市建筑的不断增多,人们对建筑物绿化越来越重视。本文主要阐述了在建筑物屋顶进行的绿化技术,并对楼顶绿化以后的发展提出了展望,为提升整体城市绿化景观提供了技术保障,仅供同行参考。

  10. Evaluation Capacity Building: Can a Classroom-Based Course Make a Difference?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaye-Tzadok, Avital; Spiro, Shimon E.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Growing emphasis on program and practice evaluation in social work education coalesces with a growing interest in evaluation capacity building (ECB) within the interdisciplinary field of evaluation. However, the literature on ECB, while recognizing the importance of imparting knowledge and skills to individuals, largely ignores the…

  11. NATURAL LIGHTING IN GREEN BUILDINGS-AN OVERVIEW AND A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.SANDANASAMY

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available India is an energy deficient country. The energy produced by various means is not sufficient to meet out the demand. The only proactive route for survival is to save energy. The daylight is the primary source of lighting in building to save electricity. In typical buildings, lighting accounts for 25-40% energy consumption. Fortunately during the last quarter of the 20th Century, architects and designers have recognized the importance and value of introducing natural light in buildings. Most people appreciate daylight and also enjoy the outside view that windows provide. Good day-lighting design can result in energy savings and can shift peak electrical demand during afternoon hours when daylight availability levels and utility rates are high. The object of this paper is to develop a scientific, engineering and economical integration of day-lighting concepts into the building design. This paper promotes daylight conscious building design by saving energy through greater utilization of natural light, while at the same time improving visual comfort and control of solar gains. As a case study, the various data available in rural region of Karaikal were collected and analysed to show the use of day lighting for buildings are also highlighted.

  12. Beyond the Playground: Sandboxes in the Classroom examine the Interplay of Mountain Building and Erosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooke, M.; Ellsworth, M.; Del Castello, M.; Jakubowyc, K.

    2006-05-01

    The growth of accretionary wedges along subducting plate margins has inspired generations of sandbox experiments. These experiments typically contract sand layers to simulate the deformation of sedimentary rocks as the wedge grows in width and height. In the absence of erosional processes, the ratio of wedge height to width will remain constant during wedge growth. The growth is accommodated by the successive development of faults in front of the wedge. However, as erosion reduces the slope of the wedge or removes material from portions of the wedge, the internal deformation of the wedge changes and the faulting sequence is altered. Scientists at the University of Massachusetts are researching fault system development within accretionary systems using a work budget approach. Faults slip and grow in order to minimize the work against gravity, internal work and frictional heating due to slip along faults. High school Earth System teachers at the Model Secondary School for the Deaf in Washington, DC have performed sandbox experiments where students document and record the changes in accretionary wedge growth due to erosion. The sandbox was designed to simulate a variety of tectonic situations and to be suitable for use in the classroom. The wide dimensions of the sandbox permit comparison of different erosive patterns along the strike of the wedge. Students can observe and measure the growth of the wedge within side windows and within map view. The data recorded by students can be integrated with numerical models of the UMass scientists to show how erosion reduces work against gravity and frictional heating to facilitate faulting within the wedge. Collaboration between the high school students and geoscientists has been augmented by video-conferences and annual field trip workshops with other high schools for the deaf participating in the SOAR-high partnership. The 6 schools from around the United States involved with the SOAR-high learning community all use sandbox

  13. The Value of Energy Performance and Green Attributes in Buildings: A Review of Existing Literature and Recommendations for Future Research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stuart, Elizabeth

    2011-09-07

    Labels, certifications, and rating systems for energy efficiency performance and “green” attributes of buildings have been available in the U.S. for over 10 years, and used extensively in the European Union and Australia for longer. Such certifications and ratings can make energy efficiency more visible, and could help spur demand for energy efficiency if these designations are shown to have a positive impact on sales or rental prices. This policy brief discusses the findings and methodologies from recent studies on this topic, and suggests recommendations for future research. Although there have been just a handful of studies within the last 10 years that have investigated these effects, a few key findings emerge: To maximize sales price impact, label or rating information must be disclosed early and visibly in the sales process; The approach to evaluating energy efficiency labels (e.g., ENERGY STAR) and general “green” certifications (e.g., LEED or GreenPoint Rated) may need to be different, depending on the type, vintage and market penetration of the label; Collaborative efforts to promote label adoption and build a large dataset of labeled buildings will be required to produce reliable study results.

  14. Bark polyflavonoids from Pinus radiata as functional building-blocks for polylactic acid (PLA-based green composites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. E. Garcia

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Polylactic acid (PLA was melt-blended with Pinus radiata unmodified and modified (hydroxypropyled bark polyflavonoids in order to use such polyphenolic building-blocks as functional additives for envisaged applications. Rheological, morphological, molecular, thermal, and flexural properties were studied. Polyflavonoids improved blend processability in terms of short-time mixing. Furthermore, hydroxypropylated polyflavonoids improve miscibility in binary and ternary blends. Blend-composition affects crystallization-, melting-, and glass transition-temperature of PLA, as well as thermal resistance, and flexural properties of the blends. Polyflavonoids induced PLA-crystallization, and polymer-chain decomposition. Modified and unmodified bark polyflavonoids from radiata pine can be used successfully in PLA-based green composites beyond the food-packaging applications. The high compatibility between PLA and hydroxypropyled polyflavonoids highlights the potential of such phenolic derivatives for PLA-based material design.

  15. The impact of greening systems on building energy performance: a literature review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raji, B.; Tenpierik, M.J.; Van den Dobbelsteen, A.

    2015-01-01

    Scarcity of resources and environmental issues caused by human activities stimulate designers and policy makers to search for energy efficient strategies for sustainable development. A considerable amount of energy consumption and CO2 emission comes from the building sector which today accounts for

  16. Green building blocks for biobased plastics: biobased processes and market development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Harmsen, P.F.H.; Hackmann, M.M.

    2013-01-01

    From a chemical perspective, nearly all building blocks for plastics can be made using renewable raw materials. However, not every process is commercially feasible. Processes often remain inefficient, products have insufficient purity or the raw materials are simply too expensive. This publication p

  17. Valuing the benefits of creek rehabilitation: building a business case for public investments in urban green infrastructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekala, Gayathri Devi; Jones, Roger N; MacDonald, Darla Hatton

    2015-06-01

    In an effort to increase the livability of its cities, public agencies in Australia are investing in green infrastructure to improve public health, reduce heat island effects and transition toward water sensitive urban design. In this paper, we present a simple and replicable approach to building a business case for green infrastructure. This approach requires much less time and resources compared to other methods for estimating the social and economic returns to society from such investments. It is a pragmatic, reasonably comprehensive approach that includes socio-demographic profile of potential users and catchment analysis to assess the economic value of community benefits of the investment. The approach has been applied to a case study area in the City of Brimbank, a western suburb of Greater Melbourne. We find that subject to a set of assumptions, a reasonable business case can be made. We estimate potential public benefits of avoided health costs of about AU$75,049 per annum and potential private benefits of AU$3.9 million. The project area is one of the most poorly serviced areas in the municipality in terms of quality open spaces and the potential beneficiaries are from relatively low income households with less than average health status and education levels. The values of cultural (recreational benefits, avoided health costs, and increased property values) and regulating (reduction in heat island effect and carbon sequestration) ecosystem services were quantified that can potentially offset annual maintenance costs. PMID:25832343

  18. Valuing the Benefits of Creek Rehabilitation: Building a Business Case for Public Investments in Urban Green Infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekala, Gayathri Devi; Jones, Roger N.; MacDonald, Darla Hatton

    2015-06-01

    In an effort to increase the livability of its cities, public agencies in Australia are investing in green infrastructure to improve public health, reduce heat island effects and transition toward water sensitive urban design. In this paper, we present a simple and replicable approach to building a business case for green infrastructure. This approach requires much less time and resources compared to other methods for estimating the social and economic returns to society from such investments. It is a pragmatic, reasonably comprehensive approach that includes socio-demographic profile of potential users and catchment analysis to assess the economic value of community benefits of the investment. The approach has been applied to a case study area in the City of Brimbank, a western suburb of Greater Melbourne. We find that subject to a set of assumptions, a reasonable business case can be made. We estimate potential public benefits of avoided health costs of about AU75,049 per annum and potential private benefits of AU3.9 million. The project area is one of the most poorly serviced areas in the municipality in terms of quality open spaces and the potential beneficiaries are from relatively low income households with less than average health status and education levels. The values of cultural (recreational benefits, avoided health costs, and increased property values) and regulating (reduction in heat island effect and carbon sequestration) ecosystem services were quantified that can potentially offset annual maintenance costs.

  19. MARKAL-MACRO -- An integrated energy-environmental-economic decision tool: Evaluation of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Green Lights/Energy Star Buildings Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, J.C.; Goldstein, G.A. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Linkey, E. [Environmental Protection Agency, New York, NY (United States); Huang, J.I. [InfoLink, Inc., Taipei (Taiwan, Province of China)

    1997-12-31

    The MARKAL-MACRO model is used to evaluate the cost effectiveness and market potential in Taiwan for technologies which are promoted by the US Environmental Protection Agency Green Lights and Energy Star Buildings Programs. Comparative analysis of the model results show that these technologies are economically more competitive than conventional technologies and are projected to be dominant in the market place in meeting retrofit and future energy demands in commercial buildings under least-cost energy planning strategies.

  20. Green Roofs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2004-08-01

    A New Technology Demonstration Publication Green roofs can improve the energy performance of federal buildings, help manage stormwater, reduce airborne emissions, and mitigate the effects of urban heat islands.

  1. New Materials for the Undergraduate Classroom to Build Pre-Service Teachers' NGSS Skills and Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egger, A. E.; Awad, A. A.; Baldwin, K. A.; Birnbaum, S. J.; Bruckner, M. Z.; DeBari, S. M.; Dechaine, J.; Ebert, J. R.; Gray, K. R.; Hauge, R.; Linneman, S. R.; Monet, J.; Thomas, J.; Varrella, G.

    2014-12-01

    As part of InTeGrate, teams of 3 instructors at 3 different institutions developed modules that help prepare pre-service teachers to teach Earth science aligned with the NGSS. Modules were evaluated against a rubric, which addresses InTeGrate's five guiding principles, learning objectives and outcomes, assessment and measurement, resources and materials, instructional strategies and alignment. As all modules must address one or more Earth-related grand challenge facing society, develop student ability to address interdisciplinary problems, improve student understanding of the methods of geoscience, use authentic geoscience data, and incorporate systems thinking, they align well with the NGSS. Once modules passed the rubric, they were tested by the authors in their classrooms. Testing included pre- and post-assessment of geoscience literacy and assessment of student learning towards the module goal; materials were revised based on the results of testing. In "Exploring Geoscience Methods with Secondary Education Students," pre-service science teachers compare geoscientific thinking with the classic (experimental) scientific method, investigate global climate change and its impacts on human systems, and prepare an interdisciplinary lesson plan that addresses geoscience methods in context of a socioscientific issue. In "Soils and Society," pre-service elementary teachers explore societal issues where soil is important, develop skills to describe and test soil properties, and create a standards-based Soils and Society Kit that consists of lessons and supporting materials to teach K-8 students about a soil-and-society issue. In "Interactions between Water, Earth's Surface, and Human Activity," students explore the effects of running water on shaping Earth's surface both over geologic time and through short-term flooding events, and produce a brochure to inform citizens of the impact of living near a river. The modules are freely available at http

  2. The Application Analysis of Green Building Design Concept in Building Design%绿色建筑设计理念在房屋设计中的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宇波

    2014-01-01

    Human survival environment is deteriorating, and the environmental protection concept go deep into each of the industry, then using green building materials, energy saving low consumption gradual y becomes the overal design thought. This paper introduces the basic principle of green design and discusses how to apply the green design idea in building de-sign.%人类生存环境日渐恶化,环保理念随之深入到每个行业中,使用绿色、节能低耗建材逐渐成为总体设计思想。本文介绍了绿色建筑设计的基本原则,探讨了在房屋设计中如何应用绿色设计理念。

  3. Combination of Green Concept and Intelligent Buildings%绿色理念在智能建筑中的结合体现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田福江

    2014-01-01

    本文根据绿色理念的定义、现状及发展与建筑的智能化的定义,基本情况以及智能化建筑的特点以及未来构建的发展相融合,制定出了绿色环保智能化的建筑评定标准,为这一方面的人才提供了一个良好的发展机会与平台。%This paper, according to the definition, status and development of green concept, and definition, basic situation and characteristics of inteligent building, and the integration of inteligent buildings in future, worked out the evaluation st- andard for green building inteligent, to provide a good devel- opment opportunity and platform for the hand of the people.

  4. Reading Outside the Boundaries: Children's Literature as Pedagogy for Building Empathy and Understanding of Social Justice in the College Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouley, Theresa M.; Godfrey, Phoebe C.

    2008-01-01

    The role of children's literature in helping children make sense of themselves, their experiences and their worlds either in a classroom setting or in a more therapeutic context has been well documented. What has not been researched as far as we know is the use of children's literature in the college classroom as a means of enabling students to…

  5. The impact of niche green developments in transforming the building sector: The case study of Lochiel Park

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energy use in residential buildings is a significant contributor to global carbon emissions. The South Australian Government responded to concern for anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions by creating a model development of near zero energy homes in a near zero carbon impact estate. The creation of the Lochiel Park Green Village challenged a collective of industry experts and policy makers to set objectives, performance targets and regulatory guidelines outside existing institutional and professional norms. Literature suggests that the creation of niche events can help the transition away from dominant technologies, practices and beliefs, and lead to organisations embracing new tools, construction practices, technologies, standards and policies. By applying a multi-level socio-technical framework, and utilising evidence collected from a series of interviews with key government and industry leaders, this paper examines how, under the influence of landscape pressures, structural change at the regime level can come from the incubation of ideas and experiences at the niche level. The available evidence finds that the creation of the Lochiel Park Green Village has allowed many individuals and organisations to gain a more detailed and practical understanding of sustainable housing, and has given organisations the confidence to change industry practices, government policies, and regulatory standards. -- Highlights: •We examined the impact of creating a net zero carbon residential development. •Structural change can come from incubation of experiences at the niche level. •Significant barriers to sustainability can be overcome through leadership. •Performance targets were set outside existing institutional and professional norms. •Niche events help transition from dominant technologies, practices and beliefs

  6. Research Experience for Teachers at NRAO-Green Bank: Planning for Cometary Observations with the Green Bank Telescope and Its Application to Chemistry Classroom Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hynes, Christopher; Lockman, F. J.; Lovell, A.

    2010-01-01

    The NSF-funded "Research Experience for Teachers" project provides teachers an opportunity to work on a current scientific or engineering research project. This paper will describe the development of a Python program as a further expansion of a previous mathematical model3 designed to simulate cometary data collected by the Green Bank Telescope (GBT). The program allows for user interaction to change parameters such as the comet's distance from the sun, the rate of production of gaseous outflows, lifetime of these gaseous particles and maximum limit for how many gas particles are generated. Furthermore this paper will present results of how students can write their own Python programming code to manipulate these parameters to generate velocity profiles of the out gassed chemical species. Students should be enlightened that Science can be cross disciplinary. Several concepts in Chemistry: sublimation, electromagnetic spectrum, quantum mechanics, gas behavior and chemical kinetics play an important role in the formation of a comet cloud and how that cloud could be observed using radio astronomy. Chemical species such as HCN, CS and HCO+1 have been observed in cometary clouds. The chemical composition of the cloud and its size are a function of its distance from the sun and the radial location from the center of the comet cloud. High-school students at the Louisiana School for Math, Science and the Arts, LA will learn Python programming language to create a mathematical model of a cometary cloud. The students will have formulated models for rate of sublimation, rate of photo-dissociation, and velocity of gas particles as the fundamental framework to determine frequencies and intensities of the molecular spectra. The students will be able to manipulate their code to create various comet cloud scenarios as it might be observed by the GBT.

  7. Life cycle cost benefit assessments for green buildings%绿色建筑全生命周期成本效益评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹申; 董聪

    2012-01-01

    Cost benefit assessments are important for life cycle assessments of green buildings.This paper categorizes the various costs generated over the whole life cycle of green buildings in terms of the generation time for life cycle cost benefit analyses of green buildings.These consider possible changes of resource prices,the discount rate and the generation time of non-annual costs during the building's operating phase.The model is then used for cost benefit assessments of green buildings to evaluate the life cycle costs of water conservation facilities of a green residential community.The results show that the incremental cost of a green building compared with a conventional building can be recovered by cost control and savings during its life cycle.Management costs and equipment service lives are both important to effective cost control.%成本效益评价是绿色建筑全生命周期评价的重要内容之一。本文按照成本发生时间对绿色建筑全生命周期内产生的各项成本进行分类,建立绿色建筑全生命周期成本分析模型,其中考虑价格、折现率和非年度周期成本发生时间等因素变动所带来的影响,进而提出绿色建筑全生命周期成本效益评价方法,并对某居住区的节水措施进行全生命周期成本效益评价。评价结果表明:通过有效控制成本并提高节约效益,绿色建筑相对普通建筑的增量成本有可能会在其全生命周期内得到回收,控制管理成本和延长设备使用寿命是实现成本控制的有效途径。

  8. The "Green" Root Beer Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clary, Renee; Wandersee, James

    2010-01-01

    No, your students will not be drinking green root beer for St. Patrick's Day--this "green" root beer laboratory promotes environmental awareness in the science classroom, and provides a venue for some very sound science content! While many science classrooms incorporate root beer-brewing activities, the root beer lab presented in this article has…

  9. Emergy-based sustainability assessment of different energy options for green buildings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • We apply Emergy to assess environmental impact of different energy options. • We develop a new index to assess the anthropogenic heat emission. • The way of electricity produced is crucial to the total environmental load. • The direct-fired lithium-bromide absorption type shows highest environmental load. - Abstract: It is necessary to minimize the environmental impact and utilize natural resources in a sustainable and efficient manner in the early design stage of developing an environmentally-conscious design for a heating, ventilating and air-conditioning system. Energy supply options play a significant role in the total environmental load of heating, ventilating and air-conditioning systems. To assess the environmental impact of different energy options, a new method based on Emergy Analysis is proposed. Emergy Accounting, was first developed and widely used in the area of ecological engineering, but this is the first time it has been used in building service engineering. The environmental impacts due to the energy options are divided into four categories under the Emergy Framework: the depletion of natural resources, the greenhouse effect (carbon dioxide equivalents), the chemical rain effect (sulfur dioxide equivalents), and anthropogenic heat release. The depletion of non-renewable natural resources is indicated by the Environmental Load Ratio, and the environmental carrying capacity is developed to represent the environmental service to dilute the pollutants and anthropogenic heat released. This Emergy evaluation method provides a new way to integrate different environmental impacts under the same framework and thus facilitates better system choices. A case study of six different kinds of energy options consisting of renewable and non-renewable energy was performed by using Emergy Theory, and thus their relative environmental impacts were compared. The results show that the method of electricity generation in energy sources, especially

  10. Green building assessment based on back propagation neural network%基于BP神经网络的绿色建筑评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓娟

    2012-01-01

    绿色建筑是指在建筑的全寿命周期内,最大限度地节约资源,保护环境和减少污染,为人们提供健康、适用和高效的使用空间,与自然和谐共生.根据绿色建筑的特点,确立绿色建筑评价指标体系,并运用管理理论中的层次分析法(AHP)和模糊综合评价方法(Fuzzv),提出了人工神经网络(ANN)评价模型.评估结果表明,该评价体系用于绿色建筑等级综合评价是快速、有效的.%According to the characteristic features of the so-called "green building" , this paper takes it as its mission to introduce its idea and model of green building assessment, in which we have given its definition and main factors and indexes for such assessment. First of all, it is necessary to define the idea of "green building". By " green building" we mean the construction which practices the principle of saving energy resources, protecting environment and reducing pollution to the maximum limit, and in turn providing its users with healthy service, and efficient use of the space, 玭d the natural harmonious paragenesis for its entire life cycle. To our knowledge, it is possible for the AHP (analytical hierarchical process) method to be used to demonstrate the relative importance of the assessment index combined with the membership degree of each assessment index by means of the fuzzy membership degree function. At the same time, we have put forward an artificial neural network (ANN) assessment model to make comprehensive assessment of such buildings via analytic hierarchy process ( AHP) and fuzzy comprehensive assessment method (Fuzzy), in addition to training and testing of the BP model as well as MATLAB software. Then, a corresponding green building assessment model has been well improved with regard to the constraint condition of data and the advantages of factor system restructuring analysis in addition to the principal componential analysis in data processing. Last of all, we have chosen some Fujian

  11. The Mobility Characteristic and Green Design of Building Space%建筑空间的流动性特点与绿化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘雯瑛

    2013-01-01

    Spatial mobility breaks the traditional enclosure sp-ace, let the space exists mobility through-resistance and other characteristic. This article from the mobility characteristic and green design issues to begin to explore the building space, am-ong that, the mobility characteristics and green design in the building space is the focus of the essay.%  空间的流动性打破了传统的封闭空间,使得空间存在流动性、贯通性等特点。本文主要从建筑空间流动性特点和绿化设计问题进行着手探讨,其中,建筑空间的流动特点与绿化设计是本文探讨的重点。

  12. 紧扣教材选择恰当方法构建高效课堂%Stick to the Teaching Meterial Choose Appropriate Method Build Efficient Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马学功

    2014-01-01

    It from how to select appropriate teaching methods,showing teaching materials to maximize value,build efficient classroom overview,in order to give our students more space for development.%从如何选择恰当的教学方法,最大化展现教材价值,构建出高效语文课堂进行概述,以期能够让学生获得更大的发展空间。

  13. The investigation of the impacts of walls and green facades on the optimization of energy consumption in buildings and its role in a sustainable development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Heidarian

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades,artificial environments, compared to the natural spaces in urban areas, areexpanding day by day. Following the same trend in Iran, apartment living framewithout any natural space has changed. And it is while the need to nature isstill alive in human beings. Moreover, all over the world due to major problemssuch as global warming, air and water pollution, excessive energy consumptionand its high economic costs, utilizing technologies of sustainable architectureand specially creating green buildings has got great importance. In thisregard, the use of green areas can be used as appropriate strategy in order tosolve existing problems and creating sustainable architecture. In this paperwith research method based on library studies and descriptive analyticapproach, green walls, to improve the energy consumption efficiency inbuildings, have been investigated. And also the role of these systems in visualaesthetics of urban area in line with the objectives of sustainable developmentis examined. It seems that using green walls as a way to reduce the energyconsumption in buildings can be an effective option to advance the goals ofsustainablearchitecture.

  14. LIGHTWEIGHT GREEN ROOF SYSTEMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Applying a Lightweight Green Roof System to a building can achieve in managing storm water runoff, decreasing heat gain, yielding energy savings, and mitigating the heat island effect. Currently, Most green roof systems are considerably heavy and require structural reinforceme...

  15. Discussion on the technology of green building HVAC design%绿色建筑暖通空调设计技术探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张马斌

    2014-01-01

    According to saving,reuse,wide recycling,circulation principles of green building HVAC design,this paper analyzed the present sit-uation of green building HVAC design,and elaborated the solar energy technology,ground source heat pump technology application,cold storage cold system optimization and natural ventilation design,prompted the green building goals of HVAC technology taking the sustainable development as theme.%依据绿色建筑暖通空调设计节省、回用、广回收、循环的原则,对绿色建筑暖通空调设计的现状进行了分析,并对太阳能节能技术、地源热泵应用技术、冰蓄冷系统优化及自然通风设计进行了阐述,促使暖通空调技术实现可持续发展为主题的绿色建筑目标。

  16. The Technology for the Realization of the HVAC Design of Green Building%实现绿色建筑暖通空调设计的技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐德梅

    2014-01-01

    Today, in the harmonious coexistence of human be- ings and the environment, we extended the concept of green design, and thus the author launched a more in-depth research on the HVAC design technology for green building. This arti- cle, from the concept and present situation of green design co- ncept, discussed respectively the solar building, natural ventil- ation, ground source heat pump and HVAC technology in gre- en building etc..%在人类与环境和谐共处的今天,引申出了绿色设计的概念,进而也对绿色建筑的暖通空调设计技术展开了较为深入地研讨。本文从绿色设计的概念及现状入手,分别论述了太阳能建筑、自然通风、地源热泵及绿色建筑中的暖通空调技术等。

  17. 公共租赁住房绿色建筑适用技术研究%Study on Applicable Technologies for Green Buildings of Public Rental Housing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨靖

    2015-01-01

    根据国家“十二五”中长期规划,我国公共租赁住房的建设,应在成本控制的基础上,选用适用的绿色技术,达到最大限度的建筑节能及环保。文章根据公共租赁住房中的住宅和配套公建的特点,研究适用的绿色建筑技术,并将公共租赁住房中的住宅与配套公建进行整体考虑与设计,形成相应的技术目录,为公共租赁住房的绿色建筑设计提供参考。%According to the "Twelfth Five-Year" long term planning of China, the construction of Chinese public rental housing shall choose green technologies on the basis of cost-control for realizing building energy efficiency and environmental protection at the maximum degree. The paper studies applicable green building technologies according to the features of residential housing and supporting public facilities in public rental housing as well as carries out integral consideration and design on residential housing and supporting public facilities to form corresponding technical catalogue for reference in green building design of public rental housing.

  18. Green building technique application to a commercial complex%商业综合体绿色建筑技术应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏春海; 刘鹏

    2012-01-01

    Studies the object building which was awarded China's two-star, green building design certification. The complex involves some green building techniques such as performance simulation verification, roof greening, water permeable pavement, extract air heat recovery, natural ventilation, daylighting, CO2 gas concentration monitoring, etc. According to the characteristics of commercial complex such as large volume, multi-function and high energy consumption, proposes adopting passive energy-saving measures, designing stereoscopic landscape, optimizing HVAC system design, energy consumption monitoring.%对获得国家二星级绿色建筑设计标识认证的某商业综合体进行了研究,该项目采用了性能模拟验证、屋顶绿化、透水地面、排风热回收、自然通风、自然采光、CO2浓度监测等绿色建筑技术.针对商业综合体体量大、功能多、能耗高的特点,提出采用被动式节能措施、立体景观设计、优化空调系统设计、实施能耗监测等对策.

  19. 太阳能利用在绿色建筑设计中的应用%Application of Solar Energy in Green Building Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦永丽

    2011-01-01

    太阳能是一种绿色的可再生能源,绿色建筑的设计理念就是充分利用太阳能等可再生能源以减少建筑和居住生活中的能耗,太阳能的利用在绿色建筑中具有巨大的市场潜力.由于造价和技术等方面的原因,太阳能在建筑中的使用是有限的,要充分挖掘太阳能的市场潜力,必须不断钻研,开拓创新,用先进的技术引领太阳能的充分利用.%Solar energy is a green and renewable energy. The green building design concept is to make full use of solar and other renewable energy to reduce energy consumption of construction and residential life. Using solar energy in green building has huge market potential. For the cost and technical reasons, the use of solar energy in buildings is limited. To fully tap the market potential of solar energy, we must continue to study, explore and innovate, and use advanced technology to lead the full use of solar energy.

  20. Green building design oriented to the whole life cycle%面向全寿命周期的绿色建筑设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖开春

    2015-01-01

    the construction is an important industry in our country social development, development of construction industry and construction quality have significant correlation. In the process of building a socialist harmonious society, take the road of sustainable development, the development of green economy, environmental protection, economy economy is the important content of social development in our country. The construction industry as a large energy consumption industry, plays an important role in the development of green building. Green building design in this paper is oriented to the whole life cycle was analyzed.%建筑是我国社会发展的一个重要行业,建筑行业的发展与建筑质量有着重大关联。在构建社会主义和谐社会过程中,走可持续发展道路,发展绿色经济、环保经济、节约经济是我国社会发展的重要内容。建筑行业作为一个能耗大行业,发展绿色建筑有着重要的意义。本文就面向全寿命周期的绿色建筑设计进行了相关的分析。

  1. 创设数学课堂导入情境打造高效课堂教学%Mathematics Classroom Import Situation Build Effective Classroom Reaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋宝福

    2014-01-01

    A good beginning is half done.So successful mathematics classroom import situation,stimulate students learning motivation is an important cause of,is an important cause of students’ learning interest, the success of the whole class teaching plays a decisive role.%良好的开端是成功的一半。因此成功地创设数学课堂导入情境,是激发学生学习动机的一个重要的诱因,是引起学生学习兴趣的一个重要前提,对整堂课的教学成功与否起着决定性的作用。

  2. 基于遗传算法的绿色建筑优化设计%Green Building Design Optimization Based on Genetic Algorithm Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李涛; 林尧林; 杨薇

    2016-01-01

    Many architects feel that building energy standards are complex and inconvenient in designing green buildings . Considering the advantages of using genetic-algorithm in multi-objective optimization, the genetic algorithm is combined with building energy simulation software for green building design optimization. A typical residential building in Wuhan is selected for study. A number of parameters, including building orientation , window-to-wall ratio , compositions of external wall and roof structure , heating temperature set points, cooling temperature set points, shading factor and glazing type, are selected to reduce the building energy consumption and minimize the construction cost. The outcomes from the optimization are compared with current green building design guideline, and new values for a number of parameters are suggested to be utilized for design reference.%建筑师在实际运用建筑节能设计标准过程中感觉标准较复杂、不方便。将遗传算法在多目标优化设计中的优势与建筑能耗仿真软件结合起来,建立一套绿色建筑优化设计方法或模型。以武汉地区住宅建筑为例,在最低能耗与最低成本的目标控制下,同时,优化设计建筑朝向、窗墙比、外墙构造、屋面构造、采暖温度设定点、空调温度设定点、遮阳系数、窗户玻璃类型的组合因素。将优化结果与现有绿色节能建筑设计规范进行对比,给出了绿色建筑设计中部分参数的新的参考值。

  3. "Don't Give up on Me": Critical Mentoring Pedagogy for the Classroom Building Students' Community Cultural Wealth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liou, Daniel D.; Martinez, Antonio Nieves; Rotheram-Fuller, Erin

    2016-01-01

    This one-year ethnographic case study focused on students of color from a West Coast High School who faced a variety of academic challenges. Collectively, they shared perspectives on school improvement, and among the recommendations was the importance of mentorship in the classroom to develop students' aspirational, navigational, and informational…

  4. Building an Understanding of How Model-Based Inquiry Is Implemented in the High School Chemistry Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dass, Katarina; Head, Michelle L.; Rushton, Gregory T.

    2015-01-01

    Modeling as a scientific practice in K-12 classrooms has received a wealth of attention in the U.S. and abroad due to the advent of revised national science education standards. The study described herein investigated how a group of high school chemistry teachers developed their understanding of the nature and function of models in the precollege…

  5. Brief Analysis on Building High Efficiency of Classroom%关于构建高效课堂之浅谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东彤

    2014-01-01

    在新课改的要求下高效课堂解决了内容多、时间少的问题。构建高效课堂两个核心的因素就是教师和学生。高效课堂对教师来说就是教学方式的改革。在课堂改革中教师真正做到高效率、高质量地完成教学任务,以促进学生学会学习,从而获得高效发展。%At the request of new curriculum ideas,high efficiency of classroom teaching shoots out the matter of variety contents whereas deficiency of time. The key factors of establishment high efficiency of classroom teaching are the teachers and students. From the perspective of the teacher,setting up a high efficient classroom teaching touches on reforming of teaching method. A teacher with high quality and efficiency, spreads the concept of learning to learn,gives the most contributions to a high efficient classroom.

  6. The Comparison of Chinese Green Building Evaluation Standard and British Code for Sustainable Home%中国绿色住宅评价标准和英国可持续住宅标准的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡芳芳; 王元丰

    2011-01-01

    Developing green building is an important method for China to deal with the challenge of climate change, which can promote energy and resource conservation and environmental protection. The standard of green buildings plays an important role in promoting the development of green building. In this paper, through the introduction of two green building evaluation systems of Green Building Evaluation Standard of China and the Code for Sustainable Home of Britain, the similarities and differences of evaluation indexes, evaluation criterions and evaluation methods of these two systems were studied. Some helpful conclusions for improving the Chinese green building evaluation system were obtained.%发展绿色建筑促进建筑业节约能源和资源、保护环境,是中国应对气候变化挑战、实现可持续发展的重要手段,而标准对于促进绿色建筑发展具有重要作用.本文介绍了中国(GB/T 50378-2006)与英国,并通过对比两国评价体系中评价指标、评价标准及评价方法的异同,得出了针对我国现有绿色建筑评价体系的一些改进性结论.

  7. Green towers and green walls

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharp, R. [Sharp and Diamond Landscape Architecture and Planning, Vancouver, BC (Canada)

    2006-07-01

    North American cities face many major environmental and health issues such as urban heat island effect, the intensity of storms, microclimate around buildings, imperviousness of sites, poor air quality and increases in respiratory disease. Several new technologies are starting to address global impacts and community level issues as well as the personal health and comfort of building occupants. These include green towers, living walls, vegetated rooftops and ecological site developments. This paper examined these forms of eco-development and presented their benefits. It discussed green walls in Japan; green towers in Malaysia, Singapore and Great Britain; green facades of climbing plants; active living walls in Canada; and passive living walls in France and Canada. It also discussed thermal walls; thematic walls; vertical gardens and structured wildlife habitat. Last, it presented testing, monitoring, research and conclusions. The Centre for the Advancement of Green Roof Technology is setting up a program to test thermal performance, to assess plant survival and to monitor green walls at the British Columbia Institute of Technology in Vancouver, Canada as much of the research out of Japan is only available in Japanese script. It was concluded that green architecture can provide shade, food, rainwater, shelter for wildlife and mimic natural systems. 15 refs.

  8. 绿色建筑项目融资风险分担机制研究%The Study of Green Building Project Financing Risk Distribution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓国; 熊向阳; 曲昳; 张福生

    2014-01-01

    绿色建筑项目融资的风险合理分担是项目融资的实现有限追索的内在要求,有助于激发绿色建筑各个参与方的积极性促使绿色建筑项目融资的成功。并对确保资金安全,促进绿色建筑健康发展起重要作用。从绿色建筑项目融资的特点出发,分析其项目融资的风险类别和利益相关者,探讨如何将绿色建筑项目融资的风险分配给最适合承担该风险的参与方的项目融资风险分担机制及最优分配原则。根据绿色建筑项目融资的风险度量与数据灰的特性,利用灰色系统分析法,建立灰色线性模型,利用GM(1,1)时间相应式得到该项目风险分配的预测值,可按灰色0-1规划求解。用于绿色建筑各参与方的项目融资风险分配更能反映实际情况。按照最优分配风险原则,为各类风险确定最优承担者。%The realization sharing risk of green building project financing is the inherent requirement of limited recourse, helps to stimulate the enthusiasm of the participants to green building green building project financing success. To ensure the safety of fund, promote green architecture plays an important role in the healthy development. From the characteristics of project financing, analysis of project financing risk categories and stakeholders , discusses the risk allocation. How to allocation risk of green building project financing to give the best fit to bear the risks of participating parties sharing mechanism and the optimal principles of project financing. According to the measurement and data gray characteristics of green building project financing risk. Using the method of gray system, to establish the gray linear model, using GM(1,1) time corresponding type predicted the risk al-location value, according to gray 0-1 programming. For the project financing risk allocation of green building better reflect the actual situation. Accordance to the optimal allocation

  9. Configuration of Green Spaces for Urban Heat Island Mitigation and Future Building Energy Conservation in Hanoi Master Plan 2030

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andhang Rakhmat Trihamdani

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to assess the urban heat island (UHI effects in the city under the present land use conditions as well as those conditions proposed by the Hanoi Master Plan 2030 through numerical simulation, using Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF. Furthermore, this paper assesses additional land use scenarios with different spatial and green space configurations. The results show that the implementation of the master plan does not significantly affect the peak air temperature in the built-up areas (approximately 1 °C higher at the maximum. However, high temperature areas, with temperature of 40–41 °C, would expand widely over the new built-up areas. On the other hand, the nocturnal air temperature would increase by up to 2–3 °C over the newly expanded built-up areas. The number of hotspots increased further when the strategic green spaces in the master plan were not taken into account. However, the cooling effect of the strategic green spaces did not reach the existing city center sufficiently because the green spaces are located far from the city center. The large and centralized green spaces proposed in the master plan were seen to be insufficient to mitigate UHIs compared to the equally distributed green spaces. Moreover, the greater reduction of hotspot areas by up to 56.5% was seen when the mixed forest is employed as the land cover in the green spaces.

  10. Building Design & Construction - Sustainability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2003-11-01

    Offers a brief history of green building; presents the results of a specially commissioned survey; and analyzes the chief trends, issues, and published research, based on interviews with dozens of experts and participants in green building.

  11. Focus 2012. Awakening into a new age - Elements of a sustainable energy supply. Ressource efficiency - key competency of sustainable societies, Sustainable chemistry - fundamental building blocks of a green economy. Annual report; Schwerpunkte 2012. Aufbruch ins neue Zeitalter - Elemente einer nachhaltigen Energieversorgung, Ressourceneffizienz - Schluesselkompetenz zukunftsfaehiger Gesellschaften, Nachhaltige Chemie - elementarer Baustein einer Green Economy. Jahrespublikation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mavromati, Fotini; Ittershagen, Martin (comps.)

    2012-05-30

    The Federal Environmental Agency (Dessau-Rosslau, Federal Republic of Germany) sees excellent opportunities to move the economic regeneration forward by means of environmental protection. Under this aspect, the annual report ''Focus 2012'' under consideration presents the following contributions: (1) Green Economy as a new model for economic development; (2) Elements of a sustainable energy supply; (3) Resource efficiency as a key competence for sustainable societies; (4) Green Chemistry as a fundamental building block of Green Economy.

  12. 对我国城市建筑物屋面绿化的效益分析%Analysis on Benefits of Roof Greening for Chinese Urban Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亮; 申玲; 杜博

    2011-01-01

    简要叙述了我国城市建筑物屋面绿化技术的发展现状,对屋面绿化的经济效益、生态环境效益和节能效益进行了详细分析,并提出了提高屋面绿化效益的对策与措施.%The development status of roof greening technology for our urban buildings was briefly introduced, and then the economic benefits, eeo-environmental efficiency and energy-saving benefits were analyzed in detail, finally some measures were proposed to improve the benefits of roof greening.

  13. 智能建筑中的绿色节能措施%Green energy-saving measures in intelligent building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凯

    2014-01-01

    The green energy saving technology in intelligent building is developing very rapidly in recent years,the impact on people's life is more and more big,to explore in-depth in this paper is based on the intelligent building in our green energy-saving measures,puts forward some energy saving measures, promoting the rapid development of intelligent building health,more is to save energy, for the benefit of future generations.%智能建筑中的绿色节能技术在近些年有着很快的发展,对于人们的生活的影响也是越来越大,本文就是针对于我们的智能建筑中的绿色节能措施进行的深入的探讨,提出了几点节能措施,更好的促进智能建筑的健康快速发展,更是节约能源,为后代造福。

  14. Building Bridges - How secondary school pupils bring their informal learning experiences into a Content and Language Integrated (CLIL) classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Jakonen, Teppo

    2014-01-01

    This article explores how students’ informal language learning experiences with English find their way into the formal context of content-based language teaching (CLIL). The analysis is focused on stretches of classroom talk in which native Finnish-speaking students draw on their expertise of English-language popular culture, and use their knowledge as a semiotic resource for producing various types of actions. Based on the data, it is argued that the organisation of peer group talk in the la...

  15. Strategies of Green Office Buildings Day lighting Design%绿色办公建筑天然采光策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄海静; 李毛毛

    2014-01-01

    对建筑空间进行充分的天然采光,既可以节省建筑能耗,又有利于人们身心健康。近几年,环境问题日益严峻,资源问题也越来越突出,建筑师对于天然采光的节能潜力越来越关注。如何利用天然光以保证室内充分的采光照明成为一个重要的课题。文章在分析绿色办公建筑光环境设计要点基础上,通过对国外先进的建筑天然采光方式的解析,为我国绿色办公建筑天然采光的优化设计提出应对策略。%Sufficient day lighting on the building space, building energy consumption can be saved, and it helps people to physical and mental health. In recent years, the increasingly serious environmental problems, resource problems are more prominent. The architect to the energy saving potential of day lighting is more and more attention. How to make good use of day light in order to assure indoor sufficient lighting has become an important topic. Based on the analysis of the green office building light environment design key points, through foreign advanced way of building day lighting parsing, this paper puts forward the countermeasures to optimize the design of green office building day lighting in China.

  16. Green Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlowski, David, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses "going green" concept in school-building design, its cost-savings benefits through more efficient energy use, and its use by the State University of New York at Buffalo as solution to an energy retrofit program. Examples are provided of how this concept can be used, even for small colleges without large capital budgets, and how it can…

  17. Green Olympics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ It seems all happened in a moment.White clouds float in blue sky,green trees are decorated by colorful flags with warm smiling images,and the building are taking a brand new appearance...Some magic must has been done to Beijing:it turns to a cleaner,healthier and more beautiful city.

  18. Mitigating the cooling need and improvement of indoor conditions in Mediterranean educational buildings, by means of green roofs. Results of a case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ascione, F.; Bianco, N.; De Masi, R. F.; de Rossi, F.; Vanoli, G. P.

    2015-11-01

    Indoor overheating risk and increased energy demand for cooling are becoming more and more frequent in the building sector of the Mediterranean area. In detail, for the reduction of the energy consumption of educational buildings, characterized by high endogenous gains, the particular boundary conditions affecting their use should be taken in consideration, and thus schedules of occupancy, wide necessity of air-changes for air quality. This paper, with reference to a case study, proposes deep investigations aimed at optimizing the annual energy performance of an educational building of the University of Sannio, located in the Southern Italy. A numerical model of the building has been designed and validated according to monitored data. Starting from the present scenario, after a complete refurbishment of the building envelope, the potentialities of several typologies of green roofs - by considering also the implementation of the adaptive approach in the comfort standard - have been tested. The scope is the optimization of the energy demand for the annual microclimatic control, by avoiding an energy-intensive operation of the air-conditioning devices during the warm season.

  19. 基于LM-BP算法的绿色建筑评价研究%Green Building Evaluation Study Based on Lm-bp Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏晓; 董莉莉

    2016-01-01

    Current evaluation model based on BP neural network has the shortcomings of slow convergence speed, easily falling into local minima and huge computation. In view of this situation and the requirement of green building evaluation, this paper put forward a green building evaluation model based on LM-BP algorithm. Firstly, it transforms the objective function of BP neural network into Hessian matrix by nonlinear least squares. Then the problem of solving second-order derivatives of objective function is turned to solving the first-order derivative so as to greatly reduce the amount of calculation. Finally, an ideal searching direction is generated around the optimal value to make the objective function decrease fast and improve the accuracy of green building evaluation. The simulation experiments show that this proposed evaluation model based on LM-BP algorithm has better performance and higher accuracy in green building evaluation.%以基于BP神经网络的评价模型中的收敛速度慢、容易陷入局部最小点以及计算量大等问题为着眼点,并根据绿色建筑评价的需求设计了一种以LM-BP算法为基础的绿色建筑评级啊模型.最先借助非线性最小二乘法把BP神经网络的目标函数转变成Hessian矩阵,然后将计算目标函数的二阶倒数转化为求解其一阶倒数,从而极大地减少了计算的工作量,最后在最优值附近产生一个理想的搜索方向,使目标函数一直保持较快的下降速度,以提高绿色建筑评价的准确性.算法仿真试验结果表明,本文提出的基于LM-BP算法的绿色建筑评价模型能很好的对绿色建筑进行综合评价,并且评价准确度较高.

  20. Green roof Malta

    OpenAIRE

    Gatt, Antoine; Duca, Edward

    2015-01-01

    In Malta, buildings cover one third of the Island, leaving greenery in the dirt track. Green roofs are one way to bring plants back to urban areas with loads of benefits. Antoine Gatt, who manages the LifeMedGreenRoof project at the University of Malta, tells us more. http://www.um.edu.mt/think/green-roof-malta/

  1. Building HIA approaches into strategies for green space use: an example from Plymouth's (UK) Stepping Stones to Nature project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, J; Goss, Z; Pratt, A; Sharman, J; Tighe, M

    2013-12-01

    The health and well-being benefits of access to green space are well documented. Research suggests positive findings regardless of social group, however barriers exist that limit access to green space, including proximity, geography and differing social conditions. Current public health policy aims to broaden the range of environmental public health interventions through effective partnership working, providing opportunities to work across agencies to promote the use of green space. Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is a combination of methods and procedures to assess the potential health and well-being impacts of policies, developments and projects. It provides a means by which negative impacts can be mitigated and positive impacts can be enhanced, and has potential application for assessing green space use. This paper describes the application of a HIA approach to a multi-agency project (Stepping Stones to Nature--SS2N) in the UK designed to improve local green spaces and facilitate green space use in areas classified as having high levels of deprivation. The findings suggest that the SS2N project had the potential to provide significant positive benefits in the areas of physical activity, mental and social well-being. Specific findings for one locality identified a range of actions that could be taken to enhance benefits, and mitigate negative factors such as anti-social behaviour. The HIA approach proved to be a valuable process through which impacts of a community development/public health project could be enhanced and negative impacts prevented at an early stage; it illustrates how a HIA approach could enhance multi-agency working to promote health and well-being in communities.

  2. 基于实物期权的绿色建筑增量成本效益评价%Assessment of Green Building Incremental Cost Effectiveness based on Real Options

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓国

    2015-01-01

    绿色建筑的推广需从投资者和社会的角度对绿色建筑项目进行科学评价。以“有无对比”的原则,对绿色建筑项目增量成本和增量效益进行全面识别和计量。通过增量财务现金流量与增量经济费用流量的对比分析,由于绿色建筑的经济外部性,财务效益不显著,单从投资者的角度对推广绿色建筑项目积极性不大。政府需依据经济分析结果进行适当的财政补贴,使其具有财务可行性。同时,由于投资者对是否开发绿色建筑项目具有选择权,使绿色建筑项目具有实物期权价值。运用实物期权法对绿色建筑项目进行科学评价,更有利于绿色建筑项目的推广。%The promotion of green building requires the scientific evaluation on the green building project from the perspective of the investors and the social. The paper uses"with and without comparison"principle to recognize and measure comprehensively the incremental cost and incremental benefit of the green building project. By comparing the incremental financing cash flow and economic increment of cost flow analysis, it is found that there is no significant financial benefit viewed from the perspective of investors little enthusiasm for the promotion of green building project because of the economic externality of green building. The government should offer appropriate financial subsidies according to the economic analysis results and improve the financial feasibility. At the same time , because of the investors has the right to choose whether to develop green building project or not, the green building project has real option value. Using real option method to evaluate green building projects could be more conductive to the promotion of green building project.

  3. 基于全寿命周期的绿色住宅评价研究%Study on Life-cycle Assessment of Green Residential Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐友全; 张世洋

    2014-01-01

    绿色住宅的评价是一项复杂综合的系统工程,除了要建立科学全面的评价体系外,还得从建筑全寿命周期的角度出发。由于评价指标在不同的寿命周期阶段存在很大的差异性,仅仅从规划设计角度去预测建筑的绿色性能是不科学的,其参考价值也是有限的。基于完善绿色住宅评价体系的目标,尝试从资源节约、环境质量和运营管理3个方面建立基于全寿命周期的绿色住宅评估体系,分析不同寿命周期阶段的评价指标的重要性,并运用改进的多层次模糊综合评价法对住宅绿色等级进行评价。%Assessment of green residential buildings is a complex and integrated system engineering. The life-cycle stages should be considered in order to establish a comprehensive assessment system as indexes in each life-cycle stage are different. It is unscientific and ineffective to predict green performances only from a programming and design perspective. Based on the promotion of the objectives of green residential,a green residential evaluation system based on building life-cycle has been built from the following three perspectives:resource saving,environmental quality and operations management. The importance of each evaluation index in different stage is analyzed. The green level is assessed by improving multi-level fuzzy comprehensive evaluation.

  4. Green Energy Efficient Building Technology Construction Analysis%绿色节能建筑施工技术应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李林

    2014-01-01

    分析我国建筑行业的科技发展现状和绿色节能建筑技术在生产应用中所起到的作用,着重介绍了绿色节能建筑在实际工程中的应用,以及相比于传统建筑模式它所显现出的一些问题。对传统建筑模式进行改进和创新,以期能为工程设计和相关施工人员提供一定的参考和帮助。%The present situation of China's scientific and technological development in the construction industry and green energy efficient building technologies in production applications the role played, highlighting the practical application of green energy efficient building projects, as well as compared to the traditional architectural pattern it reveals the some problems. Traditional architectural model for improvement and innovation, hoping to provide some information and help related to engineering design and construction personnel.

  5. 绿色档案馆建筑技术概述%A Brief Introduction on Building Techniques for Green Archives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王熹

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduced the main types and subsequent characteristics of energy-saving tech- niques, both passive and positive, based upon the principal of sustained development. The author de- scribed briefly the application of some energy-saving techniques in building green archival reposito- ries, such as natural ventilation systems, solar systems, geo-thermo air-conditioning systems, and rain reusing systems. It points out the spirit that we should adjust measures to local conditions in order to increase the comprehensive efficiency in building green archival repositories.%文章根据可持续发展的原则要求,从被动、主动两种形式分别阐述了当前档案馆建筑节能技术的主要种类和特点,重点讨论了自然通风和采光、渗水砖、太阳能发电、地源热泵、雨水回用等节能技术在建设绿色档案馆过程中的应用和注意事项,明确了在绿色档案馆建筑技术应用中因地制宜、提高综合效能的指导思想。

  6. Design and application of active chilled beam in green building%主动式冷梁在绿色建筑中的设计与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳仲宝☆; 李嵘

    2015-01-01

    介绍了主动式冷梁的运行原理及设计特点,分析了主动式冷梁空调系统在某绿色建筑中的设计方法,指出新风设计以及防止结露的控制措施在该系统中尤为重要。结合GB/T 50378—2014《绿色建筑评价标准》分析了主动式冷梁技术在绿色建筑中的得分项,为该技术在绿色建筑中的应用提供设计参考。%Presents the operating principle and characteristics of active chilled beam,analyses the design method of active chilled beam air conditioning system in a green building.Suggests that the outdoor air design and the anti condensation measures are the most important keys in this system.According to the standard GB/T 50378—2014 Evaluationstandardforgreenbuilding,analyses its score items,which affords reference for its applications in following green buildings.

  7. DC Power System in Green Buildings%可持续节能建筑的直流供电架构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄冬艳; 陆佩芳

    2013-01-01

      针对太阳能、电动汽车及LED照明等新能源技术的出现及其在可持续节能建筑中的应用前景,为了提高可持续节能建筑的电力利用效率和可靠性,进一步降低可持续节能建筑之电力系统的成本和碳足迹,本文提出了在未来的可持续节能建筑中采用直流供电的系统架构取代传统的交流供电架构的概念。%With the wide applications of renewable energy techniques in green buildings, such as solar energy, electrical vehicle and LED lighting etc., it is important to improve efficiency and reliability of power utility, and reduce the cost of power system. This paper presents a new concept which is that AC power system is replaced by DC power system in green buildings in the future.

  8. The Re-invention of the Tower House for the Construction of Green Buildings NZEB, Integrated With the Vertical Axis Small Wind System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marino, Francesco Paolo R.

    Nowadays the cultural and economic context aims to create a sustainable "carbon zero" society through energy-efficient green buildings NZEB, but it has so far overlooked a construction type widely spread throughout Europe, especially in the Middle Ages, and that in Italy still characterizes the most beautiful landscapes of Tuscany and other cities: the tower-house. The aim of the research was to verify the possibility of reinventing the type of the familiar tower-house, which is intrinsically directed to conquer the height and therefore higher wind conditions, assuming the installation on the top of a small wind system to use wind energy, to make the building energetically self-sufficient. This building is designed from a wooden structure of a deciduous tree widespread in the Italian region of Basilicata, the Turkish Oak, which, subject to processes of hygrothermal conditioning, can be transformed into the base material to compose laminated timber beams and pillars, able to guarantee a load of exercise, to bending stress, equal to 40.9 N/mm2, as followed by tests in the Laboratory of Engineering of the University of Basilicata, Potenza. With normal wind conditions in the city of Potenza (average of 6.5 m/s), a 5 kW wind turbine mounted at 25 m tall on a 13 m high building is able to provide all the energy the building needs, with its attractive tapered oval top that minimizes turbulence. Entirely made with structures, finishes and natural insulation, the building is a sign in the landscape, history and future together.

  9. The Application Trend of Smart Sensing Technology in Home of Building: An Example of a Green and Smart Building for the Seniors Citizens Offered by Farglory Land Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meng-Hsien Hsieh

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The living space of smart buildings requires three major applications: energy-saving and comfort, security and hazard prevention, and health care. These applications not only give rise to a market opportunity for advanced sensor fusion technologies including comfort sensing, infrared sensing, inertial sensing, and voice recognition, but also make proactive sensing, smart determination, and automatic control possible. The smart building project by Farglory Land Development, where senior citizens are able to live comfortably and be well taken care of, is presented here. The current trends visible from this project are also discussed.

  10. The noise environment of a school classroom due to the operation of utility helicopters. [acoustic measurements of helicopter noise during flight over building

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilton, D. A.; Pegg, R. J.

    1974-01-01

    Noise measurements under controlled conditions have been made inside and outside of a school building during flyover operations of four different helicopters. The helicopters were operated at a condition considered typical for a police patrol mission. Flyovers were made at an altitude of 500 ft and an airspeed of 45 miles per hour. During these operations acoustic measurements were made inside and outside of the school building with the windows closed and then open. The outside noise measurements during helicopter flyovers indicate that the outside db(A) levels were approximately the same for all test helicopters. For the windows closed case, significant reductions for the inside measured db(A) values were noted for all overflights. These reductions were approximately 20 db(A); similar reductions were noted in other subjective measuring units. The measured internal db(A) levels with the windows open exceeded published classroom noise criteria values; however, for the windows-closed case they are in general agreement with the criteria values.

  11. Design of Green Building Oriented to the Life Cycle%面向全寿命周期的绿色建筑设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨斌

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, our country faces the important ch- alenge of energy consumption and the polution of ecological environment, which has put forward higher requirements for the architectural design. Therefore, architects need to change ideas to meet the development of the times. Accompanied by the construction of a resource conserving and environmentaly friendly society, the design concept of green buildings contin- uous win support among the people, at the same time, the en- tire life cycle is widely recognized by the people. For building industry, life cycle is not only the assessment tools, but also a auxiliary means to the design. This article from the life cycle perspective carried out an in-depth analysis of the content of green building design.%近年来,我国面临着能源消耗和生态环境的重要挑战,给建筑设计提出更高的要求,为此建筑师要不断转变创作思路,符合时代发展需求。伴随着资源节约型环境友好型社会的深入,绿色建设设计的理念不断深入人心,与此同时,全寿命周期得到人们的广泛认可,就建筑行业而言,寿命周期既是评估工具,也是设计的辅助手段。本文从全寿命周期的角度出发,深入分析了绿色建筑设计的内容。

  12. Construction Technology of the Green Building Exterior Decoration in the View of Energy Saving and Environmental Protection%刍议节能环保下的绿色建筑外装饰的施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Under the condition of energy saving and enviro-nmental protection, modern building now pays more at ention to the green environmental protection, and the construction te-chnology of construction decoration is also in constant innov-ation. This paper simply discusses the green building construc-tion technology of green building exterior decoration in the vi-ew of energy saving and environmental protection.%  在节能环保的条件下,如今的建筑更加注重绿色环保,而建筑外装饰的施工技术也在不断创新。本文针对节能环保下的绿色建筑外装饰的施工技术进行了简单的探讨。

  13. 建筑与植物结合的城市生态设计%The Urban Ecological Design Based on Integration of Building and Greening

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴正旺; 杨鑫; 马欣

    2012-01-01

    当前,我国城市绿地率已达相当高的比例,但环境恶化之势仍未得到根本扭转,其主要原因之一,在于城市景现综台生态机能的衰退.将建筑设计与城市植物群落结合,按照植物群落最小面积要求设置大中型绿地斑块、合理限定人为干扰并引导群落演替,就能减少绿地系统的人工维护,完善群落组织,改善城市小气候.而将建筑设计与绿地系统的生态补偿结合,兼顾绿地景观的关键生态过程和重要节点的保育,以绿地系统改善自然采光、通风与景观视觉,则能有效地弥补、修正城市绿地的格局与构成.最后,在建筑设计中结合绿地进行节能设计,利用绿地做功,还能降低建筑全生命周期的运营费用,有利于城市可持续健康发展.%The urban greenspace ratio has been of a very high rate in China, but environmental degradation has not been fundamentally reversed. The reason lies in the decline of integrated ecosystem function of urban landscapes. But with the combination of architectural design and urban greening communities, the establishment of large or medium-sized green patches in accordance with the minimum requirement of greening community scale, and reasonable control of human intervention and greening community evolvement. the artificial maintenance of greenspace can be reduced, the organization of community be improved, and the urban microclimate be ameliorated. At the same time, with the integration of architectural design and ecological compensation of greenspace system, the protection of key ecological processes and key node of greenspaces, the incorporation of greenspace system into architectural design improving natural lighting, ventilation and visual quality, the pattern and composition of urban greenspace can be effectively made up and fixed. Finally, with the combination of architectural design with greenspaces, energy saving design according to different buildings types, and the working

  14. Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation For Green Building Risk Based On FEAHP%基于 FEAHP 的绿色建筑项目风险模糊综合评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李正焜

    2014-01-01

    风险评价是绿色建筑项目风险管理的重要内容。本文在文献分析的基础上,构建绿色建筑项目风险因素层次结构模型。采用集成三角模糊层次分析法和模糊综合评价法,计算出绿色建筑项目风险的模糊综合评价值,识别出关键风险因素,提出了风险应对措施。研究结果对业主提高绿色建筑风险管理水平,确保绿色建筑项目的取得成功具有理论和实践价值。%Risk assessment for green building was the important content of project risk management .Through literature analysis , green con-struction project risk factors structure model was established .The triangle fuzzy analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evalua-tion method was adopted to calculate the fuzzy comprehensive evaluations of green building project risks , then the key risk factors were i-dentified and the risk countermeasures were put forward .The research results had theoretical and practical significance on improving owner's risk management level of the green building project and ensuring the success of green building project .

  15. CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIALIZATION AND GREEN MODULE BUILDING%建筑工业化及绿色模块建筑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敖宜; 张肇毅; 王卉; 杨志艳; 张嘉骐

    2014-01-01

    The paper explained industrialization of residential buildings and some problems , and also analysed the industrialized , assembled and the the seismic performance characteristics etc , of modularization buildings and it was pointed out that modular buildings could be used as one of important strategic measures to improve technical level of construction in China .%阐述当前住宅建设产业化现状和存在的若干问题,分析模块化建筑在工业化、装配化以及抗震性能等方面的特点,提出了模块化建筑可作为提高我国建筑技术水平的重要战略措施之一。

  16. Strategies to Build Happy Biology Classrooms%打造快乐生物课堂的策略初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学军

    2016-01-01

    Biology is a branch of science to study biological phenomena and activity routines. However, many students think it as a boring and tasteless course, and they regard biology learning as a burden. The biology class loses its due vitality and energy. In the senior high school biology teaching, teachers should apply the law of education and motivate the sense of participation in students and make biology classroom a happy place for them to grow.%生物学是研究生命现象和生命活动规律的一门科学。然而,不少学生觉得它枯燥乏味,把生物学习当成了一种负担,课堂上也就失去了应有的生机与活力。在初中生物课堂教学中,教师应运用教育教学的规律,巧妙引导,激发学生的参与意识,让生物课堂成为生长快乐的地方。

  17. 超高层建筑群绿色施工综合应用技术%Comprehensive Technology Applied in Green Construction on Super High Rise Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周睿; 禹航; 赵淑容

    2014-01-01

    The Western International Financial Center project paid high attention to green construction. Resources like water,land,energy,materials and pollution have been effectively controlled,especially the three applied innovative technologies about waste treatment,mobile toilet,concrete pump cleaning were carried out on super high rise buildings,which achieved greater level on green construction.%西部国际金融中心项目高度重视绿色施工,对水资源、土地资源、能源、材料和环境污染等进行有效控制,尤其项目实施的超高层垃圾管道、临时厕所、混凝土洗泵管3项创新改良后的施工技术,使项目绿色施工达到更为良好的效果。

  18. 基于屋顶绿化的构造层次研究%Study on Building Roof Greening Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李恒威

    2012-01-01

    通过对常见平屋顶绿化构造层次进行分析研究.将过滤层、蓄排水层、阻根穿刺防水层采用集成式的方法综合为复合蓄排水毡层,起到维修容易、减少屋顶荷载等作用.并对坡屋顶绿化种植土滑移现象进行处理,提出坡屋面培植土网格固定的方法.实际工程证明方法合理,效果明显,便于大范围的推广.%Through to the common flat roof structure of roof greening level research, the filter layer, drainage layer, root resistance waterproof layer are used puncture integrated method for composite drainage mat layer, to reduce the roof load, improve the level of repair because of the defects of difficult. The slope of the roof greening planting soil slip phenomenon, the methods for solving the mesh fixation is put forward. Practical engineering method is reasonable, obvious effect, convenient popularization in large scope.

  19. 绿化遮阳对夏热冬暖地区建筑热环境影响分析%Impact of Green Shading to Building Thermal Environment in Hot Summer and Warm Winter Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆世登; 朱惠英; 卢凌寰

    2016-01-01

    Guangxi, locates in the hot summer and warm winter area, its summer is hot and humid and lasts for a long period, resulting in higher energy consumption for air-conditioning cooling system for buildings. Based on the investigation in Nanning, the building three-dimensional green shading and non-green external shading are obtained. A typical building with green and non-green external shading system is selected in Nanning for the wall surface temperature testing. The impact of the green shading on the thermal environment of the building is analyzed, as well as the effect of green shading on the building energy conservation in Guangxi, even the whole hot summer and warm winter area.%地处夏热冬暖地区的广西大部夏季湿热漫长,建筑空调制冷能耗高。通过对广西南宁市建筑外遮阳使用情况的调研,得到建筑立体绿化遮阳和非绿化外遮阳的使用情况。同时,选择一栋典型建筑,对其进行绿化遮阳及非绿化遮阳外墙表面温度的测试,分析绿化遮阳形式对建筑热环境的影响,探讨建筑绿化遮阳对广西乃至整个夏热冬暖地区建筑节能的作用。

  20. Façade Greening: High-rise apartment building in Milan using pre-stressed concrete slab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wenning; Li, Mingxin; Han, Yinong; Wang, Moqi; Ansourian, Peter

    2016-08-01

    In this project, one single level of the Façade Greening was designed and modelled using finite element method in Strand7. A static analysis was performed in order to understand the deflection and the stress due to the extra loads imposed by the soil and plants. The results produced by the linear static solver are compared with the strength of the materials and the European limitations. The maximum tension stress which exceeds the tensile strength in concrete is found in the root of the cantilever balcony. An alternative design of the cantilevered balcony with pre-stressed concrete slab is modelled separately for the balcony. Decrease is found in the tension stress and the significant improvement of deflection of the balcony with pre-stressed concrete slab. The dynamic loads such as wind and earthquake did not suggest significant effect on the pre-stressed concrete slab.

  1. The Influence of Clientsâ Qualities on Green Design Performance of Building Projects in Malaysia-Descriptive Study

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed S. Elforgani; Ismail Rahmat

    2012-01-01

    Problem statement: In the construction industry, success of building projects greatly depends on the clientâs performance. The performance of clients is crucial since decisions made will influence the overall project performance. Typically, clients are represented by managerial and technical representatives during the design process. They play major roles in conveying required information to the design team regarding their future project. The quality of clientsâ representatives has potential ...

  2. Simulation of Game Equilibrium Cost Control of Green Building%绿色保温建筑的博弈平衡造价控制仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓娟

    2016-01-01

    传统方法中对建筑的造价控制模型采用静态层次融合方法进行数学建模,随着建筑规模的扩大和用料成本的市场变动,导致对建筑工程造价的预估性能不好.提出一种基于博弈平衡控制的绿色保温建筑造价预测算法,实现对工程造价的成本控制.分析了绿色保温建筑的材料结构模型,对绿色保温建筑的混凝土墙面进行柔性造价与热应力梯度边界数值模拟,得到成本造价与绿色保温建筑生产效率约束关系函数.采用博弈平衡控制算法实现造价准确预测和评估.仿真结果表明,采用该模型能有效实现对建筑工程造价的预测和控制,精度较高,性能较好.%In the traditional method, the cost control model of the building uses the static level fusion method to carry on the mathematical modeling, with the construction scale and the cost of the market, the forecast performance is not good. This paper presents a new method of cost prediction of green building, which is based on the equilibrium of the game, and realizes the cost control of the project cost. The material structure model of green building is analyzed, and the thermal stress gradient boundary value of the concrete wall is simulated, and the relationship function of the cost and the production efficiency is obtained. Using the game balance control algorithm to realize the cost prediction and evaluation. The simulation results show that the model can effectively achieve the prediction and control of the construction cost, and the precision is high, and the performance is good.

  3. Green walls in Vancouver

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharp, R. [Sharp and Diamond Landscape Architecture Inc., Vancouver, BC (Canada)

    2007-07-01

    With the renewed interest in design for microclimate control and energy conservation, many cities are implementing clean air initiatives and sustainable planning policies to mitigate the effects of urban climate and the urban heat island effect. Green roofs, sky courts and green walls must be thoughtfully designed to withstand severe conditions such as moisture stress, extremes in temperature, tropical storms and strong desiccating winds. This paper focused on the installation of green wall systems. There are 2 general types of green walls systems, namely facade greening and living walls. Green facades are trellis systems where climbing plants can grow vertically without attaching to the surface of the building. Living walls are part of a building envelope system where plants are actually planted and grown in a wall system. A modular G-SKY Green Wall Panel was installed at the Aquaquest Learning Centre at the Vancouver Aquarium in Stanley Park in September 2006. This green wall panel, which was originally developed in Japan, incorporates many innovative features in the building envelope. It provides an exterior wall covered with 8 species of plants native to the Coastal Temperate Rain Forest. The living wall is irrigated by rainwater collected from the roof, stored in an underground cistern and fed through a drip irrigation system. From a habitat perspective, the building imitates an escarpment. Installation, support systems, irrigation, replacement of modules and maintenance are included in the complete wall system. Living walls reduce the surface temperature of buildings by as much as 10 degrees C when covered with vegetation and a growing medium. The project team is anticipating LEED gold certification under the United States-Canada Green Building Council. It was concluded that this technology of vegetated building envelopes is applicable for acoustical control at airports, biofiltration of indoor air, greywater treatment, and urban agriculture and vertical

  4. Front-line worker engagement: greening health care, improving worker and patient health, and building better jobs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chenven, Laura; Copeland, Danielle

    2013-01-01

    Frontline workers have a great deal to contribute to improving environmental sustainability of their employers and the health of workers and patients. This article discusses a national project of the Healthcare Career Advancement Program, funded by the U.S. Department of Labor to support green jobs development. Implementation was accomplished through a labor/management collaboration between union locals and 11 employers in four regions throughout the United States. The project developed and implemented a model of training and education for environmental service workers and other frontline health-care workers in hospital settings that supported systems change and built new roles for these workers. It empowered them to contribute to triple bottom line outcomes in support of People (patients, workers, the community), Planet (environmental sustainability and a lower carbon footprint), and Profit (cost savings for the institutions). In the process workers more clearly articulated their important role as a part of the healthcare team and learned how they could contribute to improved patient and worker health and safety.

  5. The Green Electricity: The Potential of Using Solar Pv Panel for The Royal Malaysian Police (RMP Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md Yasin Md Hafiz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available As the year 2020 approaches, Malaysia aims to be self-sufficient and independence in finding resources to fuel its development, especially in energy sector. To achieve this aims, Malaysia need to strengthen its energy sustainability aspect and have a clear foresight in handling energy security issue. In coming decades, energy crisis due the existence of the significant energy threat may cause power interruptions and lead to many interrelated problems, especially safety and security issues. Issues such as unstable political and economic situation in Middle East country, Spratly issue, South China Sea territorial issue, war and terrorist may lead to unstable safety and security environment for Malaysia. The most significant organization to keep the safety and security of Malaysia is The Royal Malaysian Police (RMP. However, at the moment, this organization is fully-reliant on centralized electricity supply that may interrupt due to the future energy threat. Therefore, it is important for this organization to have an independence and self-sufficient electricity supply in order to remain their operation in any circumstances .The solar energy, through Photovoltaic (PV panel, has been identified as the significant resources to achieve this purposes. With constant solar irradiance, Malaysia has great potential in solar energy harvesting. The energy is clean, environmental-friendly, reliable and readily-accessible throughout the year. This paper will review the potential of green electricity through solar PV in being the power supply for RMP in order to maintain the security and safety of Malaysia

  6. Calculating green house gas emissions for buildings: analysis of the performance of several carbon counting tools in different climates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    La Roche, P.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The first step to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from buildings is to be able to count them. If this counting is integrated in the design process the impact of architectural design strategies can be evaluated more easily and a building with reduced emissions can be developed. Fifty greenhouse gas calculators and energy modeling software were compared in the main areas in which buildings are responsible for carbon emissions: operation, water, construction, waste and transportation to and from the building. These tools had to be free and easy to use so that they could be used by everybody in the initial phases of the architectural design process, while providing sufficient precision to provide useful input to the designer. The effect of modifying the envelope insulation, the quality of the windows, the efficiency of the heating and cooling systems, and integrating direct gain and night ventilation, on operation emissions was evaluated with two energy modeling tools: HEED and Design Builder. Results demonstrated that implementing appropriate design strategies significantly reduced emissions from operation in all climates. An easy to implement protocol that combines several tools for GHG counting in buildings is provided at the end.

    El primer paso para reducir las emisiones de gases invernadero generadas por las edificaciones es el poder calcularlas adecuadamente. Si esta actividad se integra al proceso de diseño arquitectónico; entonces el impacto de las estrategias de diseño se puede evaluar más fácilmente; resultando un edificio con menores emisiones. Cincuenta herramientas de cálculo de emisiones y programas de modelaje se compararon en las áreas en las cuales los edificios son responsables de las emisiones de gases invernadero: operación; agua; construcción; basura; y transporte desde y hasta el edificio. Las herramientas comparadas debían ser fáciles de utilizar; pero con suficiente precisión para proveer información de

  7. Green building case study based on life cycle energy theory%基于全寿命周期能耗理论的绿色建筑实例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万珺; 谭洪卫

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, the energy consumption of green building building was calculated and analyzed based on the life cycle theory and combined with the characteristics of this building and through the establishment of model,. The intrinsic relationship between the energy consumption of different stages of the whole construction lifecycle was found. Through the comparison with the baseline model the actual reductions of emission was gotten. The study provided the research basis of green building. Meanwhile it will be helpful for the sustainable development of green building.%本文运用全寿命周期理论,结合实际绿色建筑的自身特点,通过建立计算模型,对该绿色建筑的能耗进行了计算与分析。找出了该建筑全寿命周期各阶段能耗之间的内在关系,并通过与对应的基准建筑比较得出实际减排量,为绿色建筑的研究提供相关依据,对绿色建筑的可持续性发展具有一定的借鉴意义。

  8. Discussion on the application of green environment protection and energy saving in building decoration%试述绿色环保节能在建筑装饰中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈博飞

    2015-01-01

    介绍了绿色环保及节能在建筑装饰工程中的应用情况,重点探讨了一些绿色环保节能材料在建筑装饰中的应用,希望能够对于今后建筑装饰行业的环保节能发展有所帮助。%The paper introduces the application conditions of green environment protection and energy saving in building decoration engineering, and mainly explores the application of green environment protection and energy-saving material in building decoration,with a view to be some help for environment protection and energy-saving development of building decoration industry in future.

  9. 高校建筑学专业建筑设计实践课的绿色设计策略初探%Green Design Strategies of College Architecture Building Design Practice Lesson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏晓; 崔璐璐

    2014-01-01

    本文旨在探讨全球绿色建筑思潮下高校人才培养的策略。绿色建筑思潮的影响对加快绿色建筑人才的培养提出了新的要求,高校建筑学专业应及时对教学与课程进行相应的调整与改革。建筑设计实践课是高校建筑学专业的核心主干课程,可以从总体规划布局、平面设计、立面与造型设计、材料与能源的选择几个方面加强对学生绿色理念的培养。%This article aims to explore the strategies of the global green building professionals thought university training. The impact of green building trends to accelerate the cultivation of green building professionals put forward new require-ments, college of architecture should be timely relative to teaching and curriculum adjustments and reforms. Architectural practice course is a professional college of architecture core main course;you can strengthen the cultivation of students' over-all green concept layout, graphic design, facade and design, choice of materials and energy aspects.

  10. 营造课堂微环境,促进学生的外语学习%Build up Classroom Micro-environment and Improve the Students’Study of Foreign Languages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永田

    2015-01-01

    良好的学习环境是提高教学质量的前提,课堂是学生学习最主要的环境之一。如何营造这个微观环境是一门艺术,也是一门科学。该文从几个方面对课堂微观环境进行了分析,并就如何营造课堂微观环境、提高学习效果提出了一些建议。%Good learning environment is the precondition of improving teaching quality;classroom is one of the main environments in which students study. How to build up the micro-environment is an art, and also a science. This paper ,from a few aspects, ana⁃lyzes the classroom micro-environment;and puts forward some suggestions on how to build up the classroom micro-environment to improve the learning effect of the students.

  11. GREEN INDUSTRIAL BUILDING DESIGN OF TIANJIN ECO-CITY HEAT SUPPLY PLANT%中新天津生态热源厂绿色工业建筑的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟栋; 张杰; 彭慧

    2015-01-01

    Through the case introduction of sino-singapore Tianjin eco-city heat supply plant industrial building design, starting from “green industrial buildings” design concept, and by combining with the heat source plant project in site selection, function demand and structure, this paper investigated the heat source plant green industrial building design, particularly in terms of energy conservation and environmental protection design in order to advocate the application of green industrial building design and form a new pattern of the industrial building design that would be helpful to the development of modern and future society gradually.%通过介绍中新天津生态城热源厂工业建筑设计的案例,从“绿色工业建筑”设计理念出发,结合热源厂项目的选址、功能需求、建筑结构等特点,对热源厂绿色工业建筑的方案设计生成,特别是节能环保方面的设计进行研究。以倡导绿色工业建筑设计的应用,并逐渐形成对于现代及未来社会发展有益的绿色工业建筑设计模式。

  12. Exploration and Practice about Green Building Management in Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city%中新天津生态城绿色建筑管理探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晓峰; 蔺雪峰; 戚建强

    2015-01-01

    总结了我国绿色建筑管理的现状,分析了目前管理模式存在的问题。介绍了中新天津生态城开展绿色建筑实践的背景、过程和取得的成绩,阐明了生态城绿色建筑管理体系构建的原则和方法,重点介绍了生态城绿色建筑管理体系中各个组成部分(法规政策、技术标准、管理流程、产品准入)的实践经验和具体做法。生态城通过5年的探索实践,初步建立了一套适合自身特点的绿色建筑管理体系。希望通过对该管理体系的介绍,为我国其他城市开展绿色建筑实践、提高绿色建筑质量提供参考。%This paper summarizes the development status of China’s green building management, and analyzes the problems existing in current management mode. It introduces the background, procedures and achievements of the green building practices in Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city, expounds the principles and methods of green building management system establishment, focus on practical experience and practice in each part of eco-city green building management system, for example laws, regulations and policies, technical standards, management processes, product access, etc. Through exploration, it takes Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city five years to construct a suitable management system, which meets their own development needs. Through the introduction about the management system, this paper will be helpful for other cities in China to develop green building, and improve the quality of green building.

  13. 谈节能减排与创建绿色饭店%About Energy-saving and emission-reduction and building the green hotel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖晶晶; 钟永德

    2011-01-01

    分析了在低碳经济的大背景下,饭店业节能减排是建设节约型、环境友好型经济,构建和谐社会的客观需求,也是行业发展的关键和制高点.绿色饭店创建浪潮在上世纪末的兴起,以其管理优势而备受业界推崇.同时节能减排是创建绿色饭店的必由之路,因此,饭店要倡导节能减排,积极探索节能减排途经并创建绿色饭店,这是饭店行业未来发展的必然趋势.%On the background of low carbon economy,in order to build an economic society and environment friendly society,the hotel has to save energy and reduce emission.It is the key point for its further development.The green hotel of our country was found in the

  14. 保障房向绿色建筑发展对策研究%Countermeasures and research of turning the ensuring houses to green buildings development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李欣桐

    2012-01-01

    Combined with the characteristics of ensuring houses which are mainly to low-income people and have low-profitability, this paper analyzes the cost, concept, material and technique factors which influence the process of turning the ensuring houses to green buildings, then adenvironment in China. and suggestions from different aspects like the government, enterprises and pubhcs, so as to improve the ecological%结合保障房主要面向低收入人群、盈利性低等特点,分析了影响保障房向绿色建筑发展过程中存在的成本、观念及材料技术等因素,针对三方面因素,从政府、企业、公众等不同角度提出相关对策及建议,从而使我国生态环境得到改善。

  15. Steel slag: a waste industrial by-product as an alternative sustainable green building material in construction applications--an attempt for solid waste management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pofale, Arun D; Nadeem, Mohammed

    2012-01-01

    This investigation explores the possibility of utilizing granular slag as an alternative to fine aggregate (natural sand) in construction applications like masonry and plastering. Construction industry utilizes large volume of fine aggregate in all the applications which has resulted into shortage of good quality naturally available fine aggregate. Use of granular slag serves two fold purposes, i.e. waste utilisation as well as alternative eco-friendly green building material for construction. The investigation highlights comparative study of properties with partial and full replacement of fine aggregate (natural sand) by granular slag in cement mortar applications (masonry and plastering). For this purpose, cement mortar mix proportions from 1:3, 1:4, 1:5 & 1:6 by volume were selected for 0, 25, 50, 75 & 100% replacement levels with w/c ratios of 0.60, 0.65, 0.70 & 0.72 respectively. Based on the study results, it could be inferred that replacement of natural sand with granular slag from 25 to 75% increased the packing density of mortar which resulted into reduced w/c ratio, increased strength properties of all mortar mixes. Hence, it could be recommended that the granular slag could be effectively utilized as fine aggregate in masonry and plastering applications in place of conventional cement mortar mixes using natural sand.

  16. 关于干部教育培训机构主题教室建设的思考%Reflections on Building Theme Classrooms in Cadre Education and Training Institutes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张驰

    2014-01-01

    教室环境是课程实施的重要条件,在干部教育培训机构建设主题教室,是围绕一定教学主题设计的教育环境,通过赋予教室丰富的人文特性,营造出深度体验的学习环境,可以充分发挥环境影响人、在不知不觉中塑人于无形的作用,促进培训效果的提升。干部教育培训机构的主题教室建设,是一种隐性课程建设,对于推动开展研究式教学,探索教学模式创新,提高干部教育培训质量具有重要作用。%Classroom environment is an important condition for course performance. Theme classrooms built in cadre education and training institutes are educational environments designed around specific educational themes. Through providing rich humanistic features to classrooms and creating studying environment for in-depth experi-ence,they can exert unnoticing effects of environment to influence and mold individuals to raise effectiveness in training. The building of theme classrooms in cadre education and training institutes is a type of recessive course building that has great importance to promote research teaching,to explore for modal innovation in teaching,and to improve the quality of cadre education and training.

  17. Principals as Classroom Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunting, Carolyn

    2007-01-01

    The author suggests five ways in which busy principals can indirectly demonstrate their classroom leadership by encouraging teacher specialization, giving teachers opportunities to present case studies of at-risk students, building a diverse intellectual climate, instituting an idea exchange, and scheduling time for teachers to openly discuss a…

  18. 绿色装饰材料在建筑装饰施工中的应用分析%On the application of green decoration material in building decoration construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任建斌

    2016-01-01

    The thesis analyzes features of energy-saving and environment protection and green decoration material,describes the application of three kinds of green decoration materials including coated glass,touch-sensitive optical and soft membrane ceiling in engineering,introduces sev-eral new decoration material by combining with engineering examples,promote the development of green and ecological building.%分析了节能、环保、绿色装饰材料的特点,阐述了镀膜玻璃、光触媒、软膜天花三种绿色装饰材料在工程中的应用,并结合工程实例,介绍了几种新型的装饰材料,促进了绿色生态建筑的发展。

  19. The application of outer enclosure structure green energy technology in residential buildings%外围护结构绿色节能技术在住宅建筑中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志宏

    2014-01-01

    简述了发展绿色节能建筑的重要性,结合实践经验,对外墙外保温、外窗、呼吸式幕墙、外遮阳等外围护结构绿色节能技术在住宅建筑中的运用进行了分析探讨,以更好地推动建筑产业的转型发展。%This paper summarized the importance of development of green energy-saving buildings,combining with the practical experience,ana-lyzed and discussed the application of exterior wall external moisture,outer window,breathing type glass curtain wall,external shading and other outer enclosure structures in green energy saving technology in residential buildings,in order to better promote the development of construction in-dustry.

  20. Discuss on the Evolution of Green building Development Behavior for the Real Estate Developers%房地产开发商群体的绿色建筑开发行为的演化探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方乘南

    2014-01-01

    This article combines with work experience and theoretical knowledge, analyzes the wil ingness to develop green building for different developers from the aspect of game theory and a simulation is carried out, in order to explore the evolution of green building development behavior for the real estate developers.%笔者结合自身工作的实践和理论知识,从博弈论的层面分析了不同开发商群体开发绿色建筑的意愿,并做了仿真模拟,以此来探讨房地产开发商群体的绿色建筑开发行为的演化。

  1. 绿色BIM在国内建筑全生命周期应用前景分析%Green BIM in the Building Life Cycle Application Prospects of the Domestic Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李骁

    2012-01-01

    文章通过对于现有绿色BIM技术在建筑全生命周期中的应用分析,包括绿色BIM在规划选址、场地分析,建筑设计,建造施工,运行维护,翻新改造五大过程。认为绿色BIM在国内建筑领域将会有很大的发展潜力和空间,并总结了五点绿色BIM在今后国内应用过程中应注意的问题。%Through the existing Green BIM technology in the building life cycle analysis, including the Green BIM in the planning and site selection, site analysis, architectural design, building construction, operation and maintenance, refurbishment of the five process, the author believed that Green BIM in the domestic construction sector has great potential for development and space. The paper summed up the five-point Green BIM in the future domestic application process should pay attention to the problem.

  2. Application of Gray Correlation Fault Tree on Risks of Green Building Design%基于灰色关联故障树的绿色建筑设计风险研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘静乐; 王恩茂

    2014-01-01

    绿色建筑的设计阶段决定了绿色建筑的功能,为了保证绿色建筑功能的实现,必须对绿色建筑的设计风险进行有效的管理。用故障树对绿色建筑的设计风险进行分析,找出易使设计方案出现问题的基本因素作为故障树的底事件。利用灰色关联进行分析,对故障树的底事件按照关联度的大小进行排序。再根据关联度找出最需要重视的底事件,并对其提出管理意见,以便在实际项目中进行管理与控制,保证设计的顺利进行。%The design of green building determines its function. Therefore,in order to ensure the implementation of green building features,risk of green building design must be effectively managed. Firstly,using fault tree, risks of green building design are analyzed to identify fundamental factors as the bottom of the fault tree events. Secondly,using gray correlation analysis,the bottom of the fault tree events are sorted in accordance with the degree of correlation. Finally,according to relevancy,the most important basic events is identified. Some suggestions are proposed to carry out the actual project management and control and to ensure the smooth progress of the design.

  3. 超高层五星级酒店和办公综合体绿色建筑研究%Research on super-high-rise five-star hotel and office integrated green buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖森林

    2012-01-01

    Taking Kungang Science and Technology Mansion(Sofitel Hotel) as the example,the paper introduces the all kinds of design strategies of the green buildings from the architecture,the structure and electromechanical specialties,and explores all sorts of possibilities for the green building technique in the super-high-rise five-star hotel and office integrated buildings,so as to provide the direction for extending the green architectural technique.%以昆钢科技大厦(索菲特酒店)为例,介绍了建筑、结构和机电专业在应对绿色建筑时的各种设计策略,探讨了绿色建筑技术在超高层五星级酒店和办公综合体中应用的各种可能性,为绿色建筑技术的推广指明了方向。

  4. 温室效应在建筑外墙绿化上的应用与研究%On application of green-house effect in reforestation of external walls of buildings and its research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜鹏

    2011-01-01

    The paper illustrates the concept of the green-house effect,explores the application of the green-house effect in the reforestation of the external walls of buildings,introduces the planted types of the plants in the reforestation of the external walls in buildings,and points out the relative problems in the adoption of the green-house effect in the reforestation of the external walls of buildings,so as to direct the practice and to improve the urban environment.%对温室效应的概念进行了阐述,探讨了温室效应在建筑外墙绿化中的应用,介绍了建筑外墙绿化的植物栽种类型,并指出了建筑外墙绿化中采用温室效应时应注意的相关问题,以期指导实践,改善城市环境。

  5. Research on Green Building Material Course for Heating Ventilation and Air-conditioning Major%面向暖通空调专业的绿色建筑材料课程教学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军

    2016-01-01

    绿色建筑材料作为暖通空调专业的一门新课程,实施本课程的教学对拓展该专业学生的知识面,提高其综合素质和培养创新能力具有重要作用。全面阐述了绿色建筑材料课程的内容体系、知识要点、课程特点和所需要的新型教学模式,以此为开展绿色建筑材料课程的教学工作提供一定的参考和指导。%Green building material is one new course of heating ventilation and air-conditioning major. Teaching this course may play important role for expanding students’ scope of knowledge, improving their comprehensive quality and cultivating their innovation ability. The content framework, content main points of green building material course and needed new type teaching patterns were elaborating in this present study, which may provide some reference and guidance for carrying out teaching green building material course.

  6. Research on Cost and Benefit Evaluation Method for Green Building Component Life Cycle%绿色建筑部品全生命周期成本与效益评价方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵华; 张峰; 高立新; 毕既华

    2011-01-01

    提出全生命周期成本效益评价方法包括费用效益法和费用估算方法,以及这些方法的使用范围和使用现状.根据全生命周期评价理论与建筑部品全生命周期阶段划分,重点研究绿色建筑部品全生命周期评价技术路线,以及绿色建筑部品全生命周期各阶段成本与效益评价方法.得出科学的绿色建筑部品全生命周期成本和效益的评价方法有利于促进绿色建筑事业的长远健康发展.%Life cycle of cost and benefit evaluation method includes expenses benefit method and expenses assessment method,and their application range and status are introduced respectively. According to the life cycle assessment theory and the life cycle of construction component stage partitions, authors put the research focus on the technical route of the green building component life cycle, and the stage cost and benefit assessment method of each phase. The life cycle of cost and benefit evaluation method for green building component improves the development of green building.

  7. On the Economic Evaluation of the Green Building Based on the Life-cycle%基于全寿命周期的绿色建筑经济评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘青

    2014-01-01

    在我国当前的建筑行业中,普遍存在着高能耗、高资源消耗、污染较为严重的现象,因而研究和引进这一建筑理念和建筑模式,具有时代性和针对性。文章从绿色建筑的概念出发,针对绿色建筑的特点和优势,参考经济评价常用的参数与指标,旨在建立一套基于全寿命周期的绿色建筑经济评价方法,为绿色建筑的推广作铺垫。%The phenomena of high energy consumption, high resource consumption and severe pollution exist widely in the current construction industry in China. So it has contemporaneity and pertinence to research and introduce this architectural concept and mode. This paper aims at the characteristics and advantages of the green building and refers to the commonly used parameters and indicators of economic evaluation, from the architectural concept to establish a green building economic evaluation method based on the life-cycle to make bedding for the promotion of green building.

  8. Game Analysis of Economic Incentive Policy to Green Buildings' Demands%绿色建筑需求端经济激励政策的博弈分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安娜

    2012-01-01

    Green buildings and general constructions do not have clear distinction between their prices in current real estate market. The main reason is that the market discipline is not mature. Economic incentive policy to green buildings' demands can achieve the purpose of regulating the market and promoting green buildings' development. This paper established an asymmetric game model between the government and consumer groups, and analyzed their strategic choice behavior based on evolutionary game theory. In the end, the optimal strategies were suggested to both sides.%当前的房地产住宅市场上绿色建筑与普通建筑的价格并没有明显的区分,主要原因是市场规范度不够.对绿色建筑需求端实施经济激励政策可以达到规范市场、推动绿色建筑发展的目的.建立了政府和消费者群体之间的非对称博弈模型,并根据演化博弈论的方法,对其相互作用时的策略选择行为进行分析,然后对双方分别提出了最优策略建议.

  9. Study on Comprehensive Evaluation System and Index Calculation of Light Roof-Greening in Urban Building%城市建筑轻型屋顶绿化综合评价体系及指标测算研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢丹凤; 郭树荣; 温丰源

    2016-01-01

    Light roof-greening is helpful in achieving energy-saving and emission reduction of the building itself. For three schemes naming roof greening,planting grass climbing greening and pergola greening,the paper designs comprehensive evaluation index system,and provides the appropriate method for calculating. At the same time,measures the indexes of thermal performance,energy-saving and consumption-reducing,cost,scope of application and landscape effects,and compares the comprehensive differences of the three schemes,provides reference for calculating and selecting schemes of light roof-greening.%轻型屋顶绿化有利于实现建筑物本身的节能减排。针对屋顶种植草绿化、爬藤绿化、棚架绿化三种方案,设计综合评价指标体系,给出相应的测算方法,并对热工性能、节能降耗、费用、适用范围、景观效果等指标进行测算,进而比较三种方案的综合差异,为轻型屋顶绿化指标测算及方案选择提供借鉴。

  10. On the Introduction of Green Chemistry to College Classroom%将绿色化学引入大学课堂

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常艳香

    2013-01-01

    The development of science and technology brought us a wealth of material resources, but it has also undermined the survival of our environment and endangered our physical and mental health. In order to return us to a healthy living environ-ment, people proposed the concept of green chemistry start in the middle of the last century. Green chemistry possesses the charac-teristics of atom economy, and it can achieve zero emissions, and conservation of resources, which plays an important role in envi-ronmental protection. The introduction of green chemistry to col-lege chemistry teaching can not only expand students' scope of knowledge, but also teach them to love the environment, so as to promote a harmonious development of human and nature.%  科技的发展带给我们丰富的物质资源同时也破坏了我们赖以生存的环境,危害着我们的身心健康。为了还我们一个健康的生活环境,从20世纪中叶开始人们提出了绿色化学的概念。绿色化学具有原子经济性的特点,可以实现零排放,并且节约资源,对环境起到很好的保护作用。在高校化学教学中渗透绿色化学知识不仅拓宽了学生的知识范围,更重要的是教会了他们如何去热爱环境、保护环境和治理环境,实现人与自然的和谐相处,推动人类社会的全面协调可持续发展。

  11. 城市生态休闲绿地建设研究%Study on Planning and Building Urban Ecological Leisure Green Land

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨荣金

    2014-01-01

    Urban ec ological leisure green land differs from urban green land, mainly including urban garden and other green land. According to the leisure activities' features that most residents are used to walking near by ordinarily and like relaxing in suburb on weekends or holidays, this paper divided the urban ecological leisure green land into daily short-time green land and holiday long-time green land. In the construction of urban ecological leisure green land, attention should be paid to supplying enough daily short-time leisure green land, complementarily developing leisure green land for weekends and holidays in outskirt, improving the facilities for leisure in public green land, expanding the popularization of green land and raising the opening of exclusive green land.%城市生态休闲绿地不同于城市绿地,主要包括其中的城市公园绿地和其他绿地。结合市民平时主要在居住地附近散步、节假日喜欢到郊区游憩的休闲活动特点,把生态休闲绿地分为日常短时休闲绿地和节假日长时休闲绿地。在城市生态休闲绿地建设中,应重点建设日常短时休闲绿地,配套开发节假日长时休闲绿地,完善城市公共绿地的休闲设施,增强城市公共绿地的大众性,提高专有绿地的开放性。

  12. Classroom Dimensions and Classroom Types.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendall, Arthur J.; Solomon, Daniel

    Although classroom "openness" has been much discussed in recent years, there has been little effort to investigate to what degree this openness occurs within a general sample of classrooms. The purpose of this study is to identify significant attributes of classroom activity and organization relevant to the concepts of "traditional" and "open" and…

  13. Green jobs and a strong middle class.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podesta, John D

    2009-01-01

    Green jobs are critical to building a strong middle class, and millions of green jobs can be created through energy efficiency. The models already exist for this work, but we need sustained investment to bring them to scale.

  14. 天津中新生态城绿色建筑评价体系及节能效益研究%Green building evaluation system and energy efficiency for SinoSingaporean Tianjin eco-city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴俊杰; 马秀琴; 黄超; 赵妍

    2011-01-01

    Based on the green building standards of Sino-Singaporean Tianjin Eco-city, the annual loads, CO2 emission reductions and co-benefit of residential buildings are calculated. The annual emission of green house gases of the eco-city is 527.867 kt CO2 less than that of conventional buildings, bringing about economic benefits of at least 35.23512 million YMB yuan. The buildings of the eco-city are also evaluated according to the LEED standards with the score of 30 points, which meets the LEED standards.%基于天津中新生态城绿色建筑标准,计算住宅楼全年负荷和CO2减排量及协同效益.中新生态城建筑比常规建筑每年减排527.867 kt CO2,在经济上可获得至少3523.512万元/年的收益.根据美国LEED绿色建筑评价标准对中新生态城进行了评价.中新生态城依据美国LEED评估体系得分为30分,符合美国LEED评价标准对绿色建筑的要求.

  15. Building Green the Right Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, C. Deana

    2009-01-01

    As the workforce development arm of the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB), and cluster leader for the Architecture and Construction career cluster, Home Builders Institute (HBI) has a vested interest in keeping America's elementary, middle and high school students excited and knowledgeable about what's new in residential construction.…

  16. Building a Great Green Wall

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG HAIRONG

    2010-01-01

    @@ Under red flags fluttering in the early pring breeze, 260 volunteers planted more than 500 trees in suburban Beijing on March 23. On March 27, a warm Saturday in Beijing, 168 minister-level government officials volunteered leisure time to plant trees in Beijing's Fangshan District.The volunteers planted trees to mark China's 32nd Tree Planting Day, or Arbor Day, which falls on March 12 each year.Because of cold weather this March, largescale tree-planting activities in Beijing have been postponed to late March and early April, said the General Office of Capital Forestation Commission.

  17. Green Schools for Everyone within This Generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Mourik, Jaime

    2011-01-01

    At the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), people see the profound, positive impact that green buildings have on people's lives and the innovation they have poured into the marketplace--from office and retail buildings to government facilities and individual homes. However, none of these markets speaks more powerfully to the benefits and…

  18. Green Roof Potential in Arab Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Attia, Shady

    2014-01-01

    Urban green roofs have long been promoted as an easy and effective strategy for beautifying the built environment and increasing investment opportunity. The building roof is very important because it has a direct impact on thermal comfort and energy conservation in and around buildings. Urban green roofs can help to address the lack of green space in many urban areas. Urban green roofs provides the city with open spaces that helps reduce urban heat island effect and provides the human populat...

  19. A context based approach using Green Chemistry/Bio-remediation principles to enhance interest and learning of organic chemistry in a high school AP chemistry classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Tricia

    The ability of our planet to sustain life and heal itself is not as predictable as it used to be. Our need for educated future scientists who know what our planet needs, and can passionately apply that knowledge to find solutions should be at the heart of science education today. This study of learning organic chemistry through the lens of the environmental problem "What should be done with our food scraps?" explores student interest, and mastery of certain concepts in organic chemistry. This Green Chemistry/ Bio-remediation context-based teaching approach utilizes the Nature MillRTM, which is an indoor food waste composting machine, to learn about organic chemistry, and how this relates to landfill reduction possibilities, and resource production. During this unit students collected food waste from their cafeteria, and used the Nature MillRTM to convert food waste into compost. The use of these hands on activities, and group discussions in a context-based environment enhanced their interest in organic chemistry, and paper chromatography. According to a one-tailed paired T-test, the result show that this context-based approach is a significant way to increase both student interest and mastery of the content.

  20. Examining the Perspectives of Teachers and School Building Leaders on the Use of the Flipped Classroom Method in New York City Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Michael A.

    2015-01-01

    Engaging students within the classroom setting is a constant and evolving process for teachers today. Teachers have used unique methods to connect with toodays students in a meaningful way through the use of technology to increase the effectiveness of their instruction towards how students learn best. Many have turned towards using the flipped…

  1. Green Office 2015; Green Office 2015

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ubachs, H.J.G. [Imtech, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2009-06-15

    The project Green Office 2015 is an integral, sustainable and multiple district development in which urban development, landscape, architecture, indoor and technology are integrated. The participants in this project show that integral design has an added value in comparison to a traditional design process. They want to enrich the building and building services sector with their shared knowledge and expertise on sustainable office buildings. [Dutch] Dit artikel beschrijft Het Green Office 2015 project: een integrale, duurzame en meervoudige gebiedsontwikkeling waarin stedenbouw, landschap, architectuur, interieur en technologie samengaan. Met dit project willen de participanten aantonen dat integraal ontwerpen meerwaarde oplevert ten opzichte van de traditionele manier van werken. Alle partijen willen ook, met hun gezamenlijke kennis en expertise, de bouw- en installatiesector verrijken met ideeen voor duurzame kantoorgebouwen.

  2. Green urbanity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alenka Fikfak

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism and other culture-based types of small business, which are the leitmotif in the planning of the Europark Ruardi, are becoming the guiding motif in the spatial development of urban centres that are influenced by dynamic transformation processes. The system should build upon the exploitation of both local and regional environmental features. This would encourage the quest for special environmental features, with an emphasis on their conservation, i.e. sustainable development, and connections in a wider context.The Europark is seen as a new strategic point of the Zasavje Region (the region of the central Sava Valley, which is linked to other important points in a region relevant for tourism. Due to the "smallness" of the region and/or the proximity of such points, development can be fast and effective. The interaction of different activities in space yields endless opportunities for users, who choose their own goals and priorities in the use of space. Four theme areas of the Europark area planning are envisaged. The organisation of activities is based on the composition of the mosaic field patterns, where green fields intertwine with areas of different, existing and new, urban functions. The fields of urban and recreation programmes are connected with a network of green areas and walking trails, along which theme park settings are arranged.

  3. A Deeper Shade of Green

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schachter, Ron

    2009-01-01

    For many schools, "Going Green" once meant turning out the lights after leaving the classroom, filling the recycle bins, and celebrating Earth Day. Not anymore. Although such activities remain staples of environmentally conscious school systems, that consciousness has exploded in an era of high energy prices, global warming threats, and…

  4. Key Technologies and Pilot Exercise of Green Buildings Research on Indemnificatory Housing in Shanghai%上海地区保障性住房绿色建筑关键技术及示范应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张超

    2015-01-01

    保障性住房的大力建设为绿色建筑的推广提供了良好的契机,结合保障性住房绿色建筑的设计原则,从节地、节能、节水、节材、室内环境及运营管理6个方面,提出适用于上海地区保障性住房的绿色建筑技术,同时选取动迁安置住房、公共租赁住房及保障性住房中的配套公建三类保障性住房项目进行示范应用。%Vigorously construction of indemnificatory housing provides a good opportunity for the promotion of green building. Based on the green design principle of indemnificatory housing, green technologies and implementary points suitable for indemnificatory housing are confirmed, and the green technologies include land saving, energy saving, water saving, material saving, indoor environment and operation management. Three types of indemniifcatory housing are also selected to demonstrate the application, which include resettlement housing, pubic rental housing and the utility of affordable housing.

  5. Green Student Centers' Influence on the Campus Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrell, Krista L.

    2012-01-01

    Green building and design is an emerging trend in institutions of higher education. It is important to consider the practices and expectations of the users of green buildings. The attitudes of faculty, staff, and students play a key role in the overall successful performance of green buildings. This study offers direction for the intentional…

  6. Under the Information Technology Environment Wisdom Classroom Building Method and Case Study%信息技术环境下智慧课堂构建方法及案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐烨伟; 庞敬文; 钟绍春; 王伟

    2014-01-01

    Construction and application of wisdom classroom is the current hot research ifeld of educational technology, the paper on the methodology of how to build the next IT environment with classroom teaching wisdom deep integration of the parties concerned to think, sort of wisdom and teaching classroom integration different application level and summarized for translational applications, application integration points targeted learning ways transformative applications and intelligence applications;Then the wisdom of proposed construction method and point out its core classroom teaching model for change, along with teaching cases will be explained in order to analyze the ifle system through the construction method and application cases are about the wisdom of the classroom, the real IT support under learning change and innovation.%智慧课堂的构建与应用是当前教育技术学研究的热点领域,该文就信息技术环境下如何构建智慧课堂的方法与学科教学深度融合的有关方面进行思考,梳理了智慧课堂与教学融合的不同应用层次,并总结为平移性应用、整合点针对性应用、学习方式方法变革性应用以及智慧性应用;随后提出了智慧课堂的构建方法并指出其核心为改变教学模型,并附以教学案例进行说明,以期通过该文系统地分析关于智慧课堂的构建方法与应用案例,真正实现信息技术支持下的学习变革与创新。

  7. The Application of the Green Construction Management in the Building Construction%绿色施工管理在建筑施工中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡盛

    2014-01-01

    With the increasingly serious environmental polut- ion problems, the concept of green construction emerges as the times require. It is the manifestation of the sustainable dev- elopment thought, which is related to ecological environment protection, scientific sustainable use of resources, etc. Comb- ined with practical engineering cases, this paper analyzes in detail the application of green construction management in the building construction.%随着环境污染问题的日益严重,绿色施工概念营运而生。它是可持续发展思想的具体表现,关系到生态环境保护、资源科持续利用等问题。本文结合实际工程案例,对绿色施工管理在建筑施工中的应用进行了具体分析。

  8. Designing Thought of Green Demonstration Building of Zhengzhou Energy-saving and Environmental Protection Industry Incubation Center%郑州节能环保产业孵化中心绿色示范楼设计思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺栋; 韦峰

    2015-01-01

    在建筑能耗与污染严重的现今社会,建筑设计仅仅从使用功能、形体美学等方面考虑是不够全面的。绿色建筑作为适应当今社会趋势的建筑形式备受人们瞩目。本文以郑州节能环保产业孵化中心绿色示范楼的绿色设计理念和建筑形态成因为对象,对其进行评论。%In the present society with high energy consumption and serious pollution,the buildings cannot only be considered from the aspects of function and aesthetics, which is not comprehensive enough. Green building, as an ar⁃chitectural form adapting to the trend in today's society has been paid much attention to. Taking the green demonstra⁃tion building of Zhengzhou energy-saving and environmental protection industry incubator center as the reasearch ob⁃ject,the article discussed its design concept and architectural form causes.

  9. The thinking of two star green building water-saving about mine living area%关于矿井生活区二星绿建节水的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚飞

    2016-01-01

    Taking Taiyuan Longquan mine administration living area as an example,from the life water supply,non-traditional water,village road flushing and solar energy utilization and other aspects,this paper discussed the design train of thought of two star green building water-saving of this mine living area,pointed out that the design and use of green building could meet the building energy efficiency requirement of mine living area,worthy of popularization and application.%以太原市龙泉矿井行政生活区为例,从生活给水、非传统水源、小区道路浇洒及太阳能利用等方面,论述了该矿井生活区二星级绿色建筑的设计思路,指出绿色建筑的设计和利用可满足矿井生活区的建筑节能要求,值得推广应用。

  10. 绿色建筑示范项目--英国地球生命中心%The Living Planet Center,Green Building Demonstration Project In Working,UK

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩晓莉; 宋功明

    2016-01-01

    人与自然和谐共生、永续发展,是不同时代、不同地域、不同种族必须面对的重要问题。针对这一时代主题,建筑领域的实践一直在进行。本文通过对英国最新的以“outstanding”标准获得Breeam认证的生命地球中心项目的介绍,指出该项目是以绿色项目示范和环境友好为发展目标的办公建筑。本文从建设背景、建筑特点、营建技术等几个方面,结合实景照片,综合分析其设计思路、节能理念及技术策略,指出通过新型、循环建筑材料等综合技术手段实现城市建筑节能减排绿色发展的重要方法。%Coexistence between man and nature is an important issue existed in diferent era, diferent regions and diferent nationality. Practice about green building is going on. In order to solve this problem, this paper introduces The Living Planet Center, the latest green building which is certificated by Breeam with "outstanding" standard. The Living Planet Center is an ofice building as an environment-friendly development exemplary. This paper analysis Its’ construction background, design ideas, technology strategy, energy efficiency and building features by applying a large number of on-site pictures, and emphasize on the importance of integrated method realize building energy conservation and carbon emissions reduction by taking advantage of new technology such as recycling materials, etc.

  11. DEALING WITH THE PROBLEM OF SLOPING BUILDING BASEMENT'S ANTI-UPLIFT WITH GREEN TECHNOLOGICAL METHODS%某坡地建筑地下室抗浮问题绿色技术处理方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪四新; 屈娜

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduces the importance of sloping building basement anti -uplift design with practical project. Analysing the engineering geological properties of Sloping building and using Archimedes principle to discharge water & reduction float with water professional close union, it solves the problem of sloping building basement's anti-uplift design shortage skillfully. Not reducing the construction whole-life , it can solve the problems of material saving, water saving and can make the rational use of water resources; It shows some green design approaches for Sloping building basement anti-uplift design and reflects the systematic of Green building techniques; it can be helpful for the Structure professionals to improve their comprehensive abilities to solve problems.%结合工程事故案例,体现了坡地建筑地下室抗浮设计的重要性;并通过对坡地建筑场地工程地质性质,运用阿基米德原理,与水专业紧密结合做到“泄水减浮”,巧妙处理了地下室抗浮设计不足的问题.在不降低建筑全寿命周期的情况下,做到了节材、节水与水资源的合理利用;提出了坡地建筑地下室抗浮设计的绿色处理方法;体现了绿色建筑技术应用的系统性;有助于提高结构专业人员综合解决问题的能力.

  12. 美国绿色建筑评估体系LEED修订新版简介与分析%On green building evaluation system:LEED 2012 in United States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王清勤; 叶凌

    2012-01-01

    针对建筑设计和施工、建筑内装设计和施工、既有建筑运行维护等不同建筑阶段的美国绿色建筑评估体系LEED v4版将于2013年发布实施.根据其第4次征求意见稿,分别从适用建筑阶段和类型、评价和分级方法、评价指标体系等方面,重点介绍了其在2009版本基础上的改动;同时,将其与英国绿色建筑评估体系BREEAM及我国的《绿色建筑评价标准》进行了对比分析.最后,分析了LEED的优势和不足,以及一些尚未得到合理解决的技术问题.%The 4th version of LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design), the green building evaluation system, will be issued and become effective in 2013. It serves building design and construction, interior design and construction, operation and maintenance of existing building, homes, neighborhood development. Presents the revision of the 4th version from the former version of 2009 from aspects of the applicable building stage and type, scoring and rating method, and evaluating index system, respectively. Compares the 4th version of LEED with other green building evaluation systems, BREEAM in UK and GB/T 50378 in China. Analyses the successes and insufficiencies of LEED and some technical problems to be solved.

  13. Green nanotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Geoff B.

    2011-10-01

    Nanotechnology, in particular nanophotonics, is proving essential to achieving green outcomes of sustainability and renewable energy at the scales needed. Coatings, composites and polymeric structures used in windows, roof and wall coatings, energy storage, insulation and other components in energy efficient buildings will increasingly involve nanostructure, as will solar cells. Nanostructures have the potential to revolutionize thermoelectric power and may one day provide efficient refrigerant free cooling. Nanomaterials enable optimization of optical, opto-electrical and thermal responses to this urgent task. Optical harmonization of material responses to environmental energy flows involves (i) large changes in spectral response over limited wavelength bands (ii) tailoring to environmental dynamics. The latter includes engineering angle of incidence dependencies and switchable (or chromogenic) responses. Nanomaterials can be made at sufficient scale and low enough cost to be both economic and to have a high impact on a short time scale. Issues to be addressed include human safety and property changes induced during manufacture, handling and outdoor use. Unexpected bonuses have arisen in this work, for example the savings and environmental benefits of cool roofs extend beyond the more obvious benefit of reduced heat flows from the roof into the building.

  14. 基于建设美丽中国视角的绿色包装设计研究%Study on the green packaging design based on building the beautiful Chinese Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘会齐; 刘欣; 梅君子; 程静; 苏亚南

    2013-01-01

    The beautiful Chinese construction should be started gradually in the big trend of green development ,development cycle,low carbon development,one of the important contents of green development is the green packaging design. Green packaging design is the im-portant elements to build a beautiful chinese. Low carbon green packaging design of low carbon economy is dedicated to the production process of packaging materials based on the possible use of clean production mechanism,production of packaging materials. Based on the green packaging design of circular economy to carry out the sustainable development principle in the packaging process. Green packaging design based on life cycle assessment measure and optimize the whole life process of packaging products and gradually realize based on green process. Green packaging design technology and principle based on the technical standards and principles to set up based on ,and implement the green concept in reality. Green packaging design aesthetics principle of aesthetic ideas in green packaging integration based on components,increase the beauty of beautiful china.%美丽中国建设要在绿色发展、循环发展、低碳发展的大趋势下逐渐展开,其中绿色发展的重要内容之一是绿色包装设计。绿色包装设计对于建设美丽中国来说是重要的构成要素。基于低碳经济的绿色包装设计致力于实现包装材料的生产过程中的低碳化,尽量选用清洁生产机制生产出包装材料。基于循环经济的绿色包装设计试图在包装过程中贯彻可持续发展原则。基于生命周期评价的绿色包装设计基于包装产品的全生命过程的测量与优化而逐步实现绿色化进程。基于技术与原则的绿色包装设计立足于技术标准与原则设立,进而在现实层面贯彻绿色理念。基于美学原理的绿色包装设计整合美学理念于绿色包装之中,为美丽中国增加美的成分。

  15. Risk Factors Identification and Risk Path Analysis on Green Building Project%绿色建筑项目的风险因素识别与风险路径分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王景慧; 秦旋; 万欣

    2012-01-01

    The risk management of green building project is a complex problem, and the risk factors are mutually interactive. The method of system dynamics (SD) was proposed for risk factor identification and risk path analysis. From the contractors' perspective, a green building projects risk identification feedback model was built using the SD theory. The relationship between the project objectives risk and individual risk factors were analyzed as well as the sources of risks. The target risks' cause tree and risk path feedback figures were drawn. These analyses can help the contractors identify the key risk factors of green buildings and be prepared for dealing with the risks.%针对绿色建筑项目的风险管理问题是一个复杂系统问题,各风险因素之间具有交叉关联关系,提出了运用系统动力学(system dynamics,SD)方法来进行风险因素识别与风险路径分析的构想.以承包商视角采用系统动力学理论为基础建立了绿色建筑项目风险识别反馈模型图,分析了项目目标风险与各风险因素之间的相互关系以及风险来源,绘制影响目标风险的原因树及风险路径反馈图.通过这些分析,可以帮助承包商辨识绿色建筑的关键风险因素,并为有效应对绿色建筑的风险做准备.

  16. Improving Classroom Engagement using Enhanced Teaching Methods

    OpenAIRE

    Keegan, Brian; Schoen-Phelan, Bianca

    2016-01-01

    Third level student engagement in the classroom can be difficult for a number of reasons. Putting the content aside, factors include the duration of the class, size of the class, and time of day. Introducing classroom activities can be seen to improve student engagement and to reinforce key components. Teaching a technical discipline possess additional challenges in that the requirement to use technology in the classroom may not be feasible due to available building services. However, many st...

  17. Green and growing

    OpenAIRE

    Olsen, Randy; McAfee, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    In 2009, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opened a new library designed to meet the rigorous standards set by the U.S. Green Building Council for newly constructed facilities. The success of the project was officially recognized when the Church History Library received its Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification. This paper will trace how building plans originally focused on preserving archival materials were expanded to address larger environme...

  18. The housing development process: green homes in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Fazdliel Aswad Ibrahim; Mohd Wira; Mohd Shafiei; Abdelnaser Omran; Ilias Said

    2012-01-01

    Green building has been adopted and became an accepted norm in the developed countries like USA, UK, Canada and Australia. Despite the good efforts shown by the developed countries on how to build green building, the developing and less developed countries inclusive Malaysia seem lag behind in this aspect. The issue of sustainable approach in building industry in Malaysia is still new and there are a little of housing projects are meeting the criteria of green buildings. The housing developer...

  19. 夏热冬暖地区高校既有建筑绿色改造设计策略研究%Green Improvement Design Strategy for Existing Academic Buildings in Areas of Hot Summer and Warm Winter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭卫宏; 刘骁

    2016-01-01

    在目前全面推进生态文明建设的背景下,“绿色”发展理念和“碳中和”的设计理念将日益深入人心。我国大学校园的建筑存量大,大学校园既有建筑绿色改造具有重要的现实节能减排意义和生态文明教育推广作用。针对夏热冬暖地区的地域和气候特点,结合实际的高校建筑绿色改造项目,从遮阳隔热、通风、水循环、复合绿化与资源利用等方面建构系统性的高校既有建筑绿色改造设计策略,为解决大学校园建筑的能耗问题和提升校园建筑的环境性能提供思路。%In a context where the ecological development is being promoted in an all-around manner, the“Green” development concept and “Carbon-neutral” design concept will be increasingly accepted by the people. As there is a huge stock of university buildings in China, the green improvement of such buildings would be of great realistic significance in terms of energy conservation and emission reduction and enhance the ecological awareness. In view of the geographical and climatic characteristics of the areas of hot summer and warm winter and based on green improvement practices of university buildings, we aim to establish a systematic green improvement design strategy covering sun-shading, thermal insulation, ventilation, water circulation, composite greening and resource utilization, so as to offer some thoughts for tackling the energy issues and enhancing the environmental performance of the university buildings.

  20. 建立“师生互信、自主激励”的课堂教学情境——对高校“组织市场营销”课堂教学的思考%Building Up "Mut~a! - trust and Self- motivation" Classroom Teaching Situation --Thought on Business Marketing Classroom Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成韵; 吴世军

    2012-01-01

    随着信息技术的飞速发展和学生心智的日益成熟,“亲其师,信其道”、建立和谐师生关系、激励学生自主学习,是决定课堂教学质量、影响教学任务完成的重要因素,是摆在高校教师面前的重要课题。以“组织市场营销”课堂教学情境为例,教师要在情境认知学习理论和自主学习理论基础上,构建“师生互信、自主激励”的课堂教学情境——师生互信是基础、教师课堂激励是手段、学生自主学习是目的,通过尊重、赏识、关爱,激发学生自主学习的热情和能力。%With the rapid developmem of information technology and the growing sophistication of students' mind, university teachers are confronted with the important issues of establishing harmonious relation between teachers and students (when a student loves his teacher, he be- lieves what he says) and motivating students' autonomous learning, which decide classroom teaching quality and affect the completion of the teaching task. While building up Business Marketing classroom teaclring situation,for example, teachers have to build up "mutual - trust and self - motivation" classroom teaching situation with the mutual trust between teachers and students being the foundation, classroom incentive the means and students' autonomous learning the goal, on the basis of situated cognitive learning theory and independent learning theory, and stimu- late the students' autonomous learning enthusiasm and ability through respect, recognition and love.

  1. 以情境构建为主线的高职英语视听说课堂教学模式探究%Higher vocational English audio-visual classroom teaching mode, situation building as the main line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蕾; 肖建云

    2015-01-01

    This topic research takes constructivism and situated cognition theory as the basis, through the teaching practice, and connecting with the interview and questionnaire survey from the teaching content, teaching process, to achieve the goals of teaching from three aspects discussed in the higher vocational English audio-visual classroom teaching, make the situation to build through visual, listening, said trinity, the skill training of higher vocational English audio-visual classroom teaching to achieve the desired goal, and effectively improve students' English communication ability.%本课题研究以建构主义情境论和情境认知论为依据,通过教学实践,并结合访谈及问卷调查从教学内容,教学实施过程,教学目标的实现三个方面探讨了在高职英语视听说课堂教学中,使情境构建贯穿于视,听,说三位一体的技能训练中,从而达到高职英语视听说课堂教学的预期目标,并使学生的英语交际能力切实地得到提高。

  2. A Flipped Classroom Redesign in General Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Scott A.

    2016-01-01

    The flipped classroom continues to attract significant attention in higher education. Building upon our recent parallel controlled study of the flipped classroom in a second-term general chemistry course ("J. Chem. Educ.," 2016, 93, 13-23), here we report on a redesign of the flipped course aimed at scaling up total enrollment while…

  3. Growing Social Capital in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arriaza, Gilberto; Rocha, Christie

    2016-01-01

    Sharing school supplies appears, indeed, a simple, even an irrelevant routine activity, but upon closer examination one realizes that deeper and complex issues are at stake. This article aims at explaining how seemingly uneventful classroom activities contain the potential to building social capital in the classroom, which occurs when and if…

  4. Starting from the Perspective of Building Efficient Mathematics Classroom Teaching Methods%从教学方法的角度入手构建高效数学课堂

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐海健

    2014-01-01

    高效数学课堂的构建与教学方法的选择有着紧密的联系。因此,在新课程教育改革背景下,教师要结合教材内容以及学生的学习特点,选择恰当的教学方法,充分发挥学生的主观能动性,以为高效课堂的顺利实现打下坚实的基础。%Build efficient and mathematics classroom teaching methods are closely linked. Therefore, under the new curriculum reform, teachers should combine teaching materials and student learning characteristics, choose the appropriate teaching methods, give full play to the initiative of students, that the smooth realization of high class and lay a solid foundation.

  5. The Green Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahnigen, Charlie

    2006-01-01

    As interest in green building grows, much discussion has focused on aligning a project with the principles of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification: (1) cost savings through energy and water conservation; (2) improved worker productivity; (3) health, insurance and risk-management benefits; and (4) enhanced building…

  6. A Green Role Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Paul J.

    2008-01-01

    Building a new green campus and adopting a philosophy of sustainability is exciting, but if not done properly, it is not always the wisest decision. As one considers the education, health, and safety of a campus community, along with its business objectives, one may discover that there are numerous ways to make the campus more sustainable without…

  7. Mission to Mars: A Classroom Simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rommel-Esham, Katie; Souhrada, Christopher

    2002-01-01

    Introduces a Martian simulation activity that aims to build a scale model of Martian terrain in the classroom. Uses an interdisciplinary approach to teach science process skills, modeling, scaling, sampling, population calculation, and genetics. (YDS)

  8. Green PC Saves Human Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulla Shaik

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Green computing is the study and practice of using computing resources efficiently. This give idea about reduce the use of hazardous materials maximize energy efficiency during the product's lifetime, and promote recyclability. Green computing can be broadly defined as the problem of reducing the overall carbon footprint of computing and communication infrastructure, such as data centers, by using energy-efficient design and operations. As the environmentalists and energy conservationists ponder over the issue of conserving environment, technologists have come out with a simple solution to let you contribute to the “Go Green” campaign- with the help of Green PCs. By using green computing practices; you can improve energy management, increase energy efficiency, reduce e-waste, and save money. Taking into consideration the popular use of information technology industry, it has to lead a revolution of sorts by turning green in a manner no industry has ever done before. It is worth emphasizing that this “green technology” should not be just about sound bytes to impress activists but concrete action and organizational policy. The plan towards Green PC should include new electronic products and services with optimum efficiency and all possible options towards energy savings and technical issues in high-performance green computing span the spectrum from green infrastructure like energy-efficient buildings, intelligent cooling systems, green power sources for green hardware multi-core computing systems, energy-efficient server design, energy-efficient solid-state storage for green software and applications.

  9. Research on greening shading of residential buildings in hot summer and cold winter zone%夏热冬冷地区居住建筑绿化遮阳研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金熙; 沈守云; 秦彦; 高波

    2012-01-01

    随着对居住建筑节能的日益重视,人们对于绿化遮阳的重视愈发突出.特别是在夏热冬冷地区,采用植被与绿化遮阳来减少室内太阳辐射热,降低空调能耗,从而达到较好的节能效果,已达成共识.通过介绍目前夏热冬冷地区常见的绿化遮阳技术与形式,系统的归纳了不同绿化遮阳形式的节能效果,旨在进一步完善绿化遮阳体系.%With ever-increased concerns on energy efficiency of residential buildings, greening shading has been highly valued in shading field in hot summer and cold winter zone. It is commonly agreed that using plants or vegetation may reduce indoor direct solar radiation and energy consumption of HVAC system, so as to achieve better energy efficiency effects. By introducing common greening shading patterns used in not summer and cold winter zone, the technology and forms with different energy efficiency effects for those patterns were systematically introduced., which could be useful knowledge for improving the whole greening shading system.

  10. Study on green residential building market simulation method based on system dynamics%绿色住宅市场的系统动力学仿真研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓冬; 武永祥

    2013-01-01

    面对越来越严重的资源与环境危机,政府也更加关注绿色住宅的建设,这也是房地产企业未来的开发趋势.首先界定绿色住宅和绿色住宅市场的内涵与特征,在对绿色住宅市场系统分析的基础上,建立需求子系统、开发决策子系统、政府行为子系统,分析其因果反馈关系,绘制系统的存量流量图.接下来采用Vensim PLE软件对南京市绿色住宅市场进行动态仿真模拟与预测,结果显示,绿色住宅市场有更广阔的发展前景,会逐渐获得消费者的认可,并占据一定的市场份额,最终该市场将趋于稳定.结合模拟结果,最后提出绿色住宅市场发展的对策建议.该仿真结果预测绿色住宅市场的不同阶段的发展趋势,为政府政策的制定和房地产企业开发决策提供参考.%Under increasingly serious resource and environmental crisis,green residential building is more and more concerned by the government and will dominates the development of real estate companies.Firstly,the definitions of green housing and green housing market are given,and the demand subsystem,decision-making subsystem and government behaviors subsystem are established based on systematic analysis.Then causal feedback relationships are analyzed and flow chart of the system is drawn.Next,Vensim PLE software is used to simulate,forecast and analyze the green residential building market in Nanjing.The analysis results shows that the future market will keep developing,get acceptance from consumers,own some market share and finally keep stable.At last,some measurements and suggestions on the market development are put forward.This simulation results are helpful to forecast different development stages of green housing market and provide a reference to the decisions of governments and real estate companies.

  11. Risk Allocation and Management of Green Building Projects in China%我国绿色建筑项目的风险分担与管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦旋; 万欣

    2012-01-01

    Risk allocation is an effective measure to prepare for risks before its occurrence. An equitable risk allocation scheme for all participants is the precondition and foundation of effective risk management on green building projects. A questionnaire survey was adopted to collect experts ' opinions on the significance and allocation preference of Green Building (GB) risks. Based on the result on experts' risk allocation preference, the risk allocation and risk management of 25 key risk factors were analyzed emphatically using the three principles of risk imputation, direct risk losses bearing and effective risk control.%风险分担作为一种事前应对风险的措施,合理的风险分担是进行有效风险管理的前提.采用问卷调查的方式,对我国绿色建筑风险的重要性和分担偏好进行了调查,在专家风险分担偏好分析的基础上,运用风险归责原则、风险损失直接承担原则和风险有效控制原则,探讨了25项重点风险的分担与管理建议.

  12. 建筑施工管理及绿色建筑施工管理之我见%Green Building Construction Management and Construction Management of My Thoughts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴爱兰; 张彬

    2014-01-01

    目前,人们对建筑工程的要求不断提高,除了质量方面的指标外,还增加了绿色环保的要求。因此,建筑企业不仅要提高自身的建筑施工、管理水平,还要提高绿色建筑施工的管理水平。分析了建筑施工管理和绿色建筑施工管理中的相关要点与事项。%Currently, people continually increasing demands of construction projects, in addition to indicators of quality, but also increases the environmental protection requirements. Therefore, the construction companies not only to improve their own construction, management level, but also to improve the management level of green building construction. Analysis of construction management and green building construction management in matters related to the main points.

  13. Building beyond the Evaluation Of Environmental Education and Sustainable Development in African Schools and Communities: The Women Global Green Action Network (WGGAN) Africa Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enie, Rosemary Olive Mbone

    2006-01-01

    This article describes the Community Health Education and School Sanitation (CHESS) Project, an initiative by the Women Global Green Action Network International to support community-based environmental projects in Africa. The CHESS Project uses women, children and youth to develop more sustainable health and sanitation systems in urban and rural…

  14. Magnetic fields of green.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branton, Scott; Lile, Lawrence

    2011-01-01

    By incorporating even the basic elements of a more environmentally friendly, "green"construction and design in an MRI setting can create a safer, more pleasant space for the patients and staff, better images, and operational cost savings. Using building systems that have reduced amounts of steel can decrease construction time, increase thermal insulation, and reduce the weight of the structure meaning less energy required to transport and install. HVAC systems and lighting design can also play a major role in creating a "green"MRI suite. LEED certification places a focus on quality of the built environment, life cycle cost, and a productive indoor environment, as well as impact on the exterior environment. An LEED certified building considers costs and benefits for the lifetime of the building.

  15. Building Core Knowledge - Reconstructing Earth History’: Transforming Undergraduate Instruction by Bringing Ocean Drilling Science on Earth History and Global Climate Change into the Classroom (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. John, K.; Leckie, R. M.; Jones, M. H.; Pound, K. S.; Pyle, E.; Krissek, L. A.

    2009-12-01

    This NSF-funded, Phase 1 CCLI project effectively integrates scientific ocean drilling data and research (DSDP-ODP-IODP-ANDRILL) with education. We have developed, and are currently testing, a suite of data-rich inquiry-based classroom learning materials based on sediment core archives. These materials are suitable for use in introductory geoscience courses that serve general education students, early geoscience majors, and pre-service teachers. 'Science made accessible' is the essence of this goal. Our team consists of research and education specialists from institutions ranging from R1 research to public liberal arts to community college. We address relevant and timely ‘Big Ideas’ with foundational geoscience concepts and climate change case studies, as well transferable skills valued in professional settings. The exercises are divided into separate but inter-related modules including: introduction to cores, seafloor sediments, microfossils and biostratigraphy, paleomagnetism and magnetostratigraphy, climate rhythms, oxygen-isotope changes in the Cenozoic, past Arctic and Antarctic climates, drill site selection, interpreting Arctic and Antarctic sediment cores, onset of Northern Hemisphere glaciation, onset of Antarctic glaciation, and the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Each module has several parts, and each is designed to be used in the classroom, laboratory, or assigned as homework. All exercises utilize authentic data. Students work with scientific uncertainty, practice quantitative and problem-solving skills, and expand their basic geologic and geographic knowledge. Students have the opportunity to work individually and in groups, evaluate real-world problems, and formulate hypotheses. Initial exercises in each module are useful to introduce a topic, gauge prior knowledge, and flag possible areas of student misconception. Comprehensive instructor guides provide essential background information, detailed answer keys, and alternative implementation

  16. Teaching the Social Curriculum: Classroom Management as Behavioral Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skiba, Russ; Ormiston, Heather; Martinez, Sylvia; Cummings, Jack

    2016-01-01

    Psychological science has identified positive classroom management and climate building strategies as a key element in developing and maintaining effective learning environments. In this article, we review the literature that has identified effective strategies that build classroom climates to maximize student learning and minimize disruption. In…

  17. Building Footprints, City of Green Bay; Village of Suamico only, Published in 2000, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Brown County, WI.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Building Footprints dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2000. It is described as...

  18. Vocabulary Instruction and Mexican-American Bilingual Students: How Two High School Teachers Integrate Multiple Strategies to Build Word Consciousness in English Language Arts Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajayi, Lasisi

    2015-01-01

    Despite the significance of vocabulary knowledge to student learning, limited studies have examined English language arts (ELA) teachers' skills and practices that may be effective for building word consciousness in high school Mexican-American bilingual students. The research objective of the present study is to examine how two high school ELA…

  19. Metaphysical green

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Earon, Ofri

    2011-01-01

    of Sensation of Green is created by a physical interaction between the language of space and the language of nature” The notion of Sensation of Green was developed through a previous study ‘Learning from the Summer House’ investigating the unique architectural characteristics of the Danish summer houses...... the Sensation of Green? Three existing examples are agents to this discussion. The first example is a Danish summer house. The other two are international urban examples. While the summer house articulates the original meaning of Sensation of Green, the urban examples illustrate its urban context. The first...... example is a tiny Danish summer house from 1918 . The second example is ‘House before House’ , in Tokyo. The third example is a prefabricated house ‘CHU’ . The analysis evaluates the characteristics of diverse tones of green – from green image to green sensation. The analysis is based on the original...

  20. Encouraging Classroom Discussion

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Joseph McKee

    2014-01-01

    Classroom discussion has the potential to enhance the learning environment and encourages students to become active participants in the educational process. Student participation in classroom discussion has been shown to significantly improve the student learning experience. Research suggests that classroom discussion is an effective method for encouraging student classroom participation and for motivating student learning beyond the classroom. Participation in classroom discussion encourages...

  1. Green Construction Assessment of Building Engineering Based on Improved Vague Similarity Aggregation Method%基于改进的Vague相似汇总法的建筑工程绿色施工评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爱领

    2014-01-01

    结合知名绿色建筑评价体系与建筑工程特点构建建筑工程绿色施工评价指标。提出基于改进的Vague相似汇总法的建筑工程绿色施工评价模型,运用层次分析法对因素权重赋值,根据权重和相应Vague值确定各专家的二级指标Vague值;评价模型对专家权重进行改进,确定专家权重时考虑专家主观权重和专家的评价意见及评价矩阵的一致性;利用二级指标Vague 值和专家权重集结出项目一级指标专家汇总 Vague 值,最后利用Vague集计分函数来确定各指标的重要性,同时根据得分和专家评价意见的集结得出工程绿色施工等级。模型克服了AHP定权的主观性和传统模糊集易损失中间值的不足,最后以实例验证了模型的可行性。%Combined with the famous green building assessment system and the characteristics of building engineering,the index of green construction evaluation is established. The model of the assessment of green construction of building engi-neering based on improved vague similarity aggregation method is put forward,which determines weight of factor indexes by using of the AHP method. The vague value of the two level index of each expert is determined according to the weight of the factor indexes and the corresponding vague value. The weight of expert is improved;Each expert gets his final weight ac-cording to subjective weight,evaluation and the consistency of his judgment matrix;the experts summary vague values of one class index are built up by use of secondary grade index vague value and each expert weight. Finally,the importance of green construction indexes is set up according to the scoring function of vague set;meanwhile,the green construction level is obtained by use of the gathering evaluation opinion of experts and the score. The improved vague similarity aggregation method overcomes the problem which determines weight subjective with AHP and loss of the intermediate

  2. 绿色建筑全生命周期增量成本与效益分析%Analysis on incremental costs and benefits of whole life cycle of green building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李飞

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduced the manifestation of incremental costs and incremental benefit in whole life cycle of green building,according to the relevant principles of model construction,elaborated the construction method of cost and benefit model,and combining with related project ex-ample,verified the feasibility of the model in costs and benefits analysis.%介绍了增量成本与增量效益在绿色建筑全生命周期中的表现,根据模型构建的相关原则,阐述了成本与效益模型的建立方法,并结合项目实例,验证了该模型在成本与效益分析中的可行性。

  3. Tablets in the classroom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Bente Tobiesen

    2013-01-01

    , teachers, activities and the different resources used in the classroom. The paper focuses on the concept of socio-material bricolage (Johri 2011) as an approach to understanding how digital devices contribute to constructing both relevant and innovative practices in teaching and learning in schools....... The concept of bricolage is based on the idea that teachers and learners develop their practices through the ad hoc use of available artifacts – i.e. through improvisations where digital devices participate in shifting relationships with available resources and relevant actors. The paper builds on data from...

  4. Green Building Supply Chain Performance Evaluation Based on Improved BSC Method%基于改进型BSC法绿色建筑供应链绩效评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟伟; 张云宁; 欧阳红祥

    2014-01-01

    In order to improve the performance evaluation of green supply chain,this paper analyzed the characteristics of the supply chain of green building,and built performance evaluation index system based on the improved balanced scorecard model. Using SPSS13.0 software, indicators dimensions are reduced by principal component analysis. Combining with genetic algorithm, the paper adopted uncertain AHP method to establish an objective optimization model to calculate the final results of the evaluation. Then, the model was applied into a specific case,and more accurate and objective evaluation results were obtained. This paper provides a useful perspective for the green supply chain performance evaluation and continuous improvement in construction enterprises.%为了提高绿色建筑供应链绩效评价的科学合理性和可操作性,分析了绿色建筑供应链的概念及特点,基于改进型BSC模式构建绩效评价指标体。提出了通过SPSS软件对指标体系主成分分析以降低指标维度,基于不确定层次分析法建立目标优化模型,结合遗传算法对绿色建筑供应链进行综合评价。并将建立的模型和算法应用到算例中,得出更加准确、客观的评价结果。为建筑业企业进行绿色供应链绩效评价和持续改进提供了有益的视角,具有重要的理论指导意义和现实应用价值。

  5. 浅谈绿色建筑与工程造价管理%Discussion on green building and engineering cost management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊艳瑾

    2012-01-01

      介绍了建筑能耗的概念及各个阶段的工程造价管理,以期为同行提供借鉴。%  This paper introduces the concept of building energy consumption and the various stages of project cost management, in order to provide peer-to learn.

  6. 基于 CFD 模拟的绿色建筑自然通风优化设计研究%CFD-Simulation-Based Natural Ventilation Design Optimization for Green Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭卫宏; 刘骁; 袁旭

    2015-01-01

    自然通风是重要的绿色建筑被动式设计策略,对于节能减排、提高建筑环境舒适度和改善室内空气品质等方面具有至关重要的作用。计算流体动力学(简称 CFD)是近代流体力学、数值数学和计算机科学结合的产物,将其运用在绿色建筑设计领域,能够为更精确地预测设计方案的建筑风环境提供依据,建筑师结合建筑技术科学的相关知识与模拟的结果进行分析,进而多方案比选和优化建筑设计方案。从总体布局、建筑形体、围护界面3个层面通过 CFD 风环境模拟来进行建筑自然通风优化的方法与实例研究,为建筑风环境的优化设计提供思路。%Natural ventilation is an important passive strategy of green building design, It plays a crucial role in conserving energy, reducing emission, enhancing comfort level of built environment, and improving indoor air quality. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD for short), as the combination of modern fluid dynamics, numerical mathematics and computer science, could offer the architect an important basis to optimize the architectural design when applied to the green building design. In combination with relevant knowledge in science of building technology and the simulation results, it can analyze the strength and weakness of various design options and optimize them. The paper shows the methodology and case study of optimizing the building’s natural ventilation through CFD wind environment simulation from three aspects, i. e. master layout, building form and envelope interface, thus offer some ideas for optimizing the building’s wind environment.

  7. 垂直农业建筑浅析——以绿色收获计划为例%A Brief Analysis of Vertical Agriculture Building:A Case Study of Green Harvest Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘烨; 张玉坤

    2012-01-01

    By introducing "Green Harvest Project" . the winner proposal of "Challenge 2030" competition, this paper defines Vertical Agriculture. Three forms of Vertical Agriculture, including Vertical Farm, Farming Facade and Interior Farming, are respectively analyzed, with Agricultural Building and Green Community as examples. The paper, with discussions of agricultural production of Vertical Agriculture, organic waste and water treatment, and renewable energy capture capability, states that Vertical Agriculture could improve food security and reduce carbon emission.%结合“2030年的挑战”竞赛获奖方案——“绿色收获计划”,解析垂直农业概念.以该方案的农业综合大楼和绿色社区两个设计为例,分别介绍垂直农业三种形式:垂直农场、表皮农业和室内农业,对垂直农业的农业生产功能、有机废水废物处理功能及可再生能源获取功能展开分析,阐明垂直农业对提高食品安全和降低城市碳排放起到的作用.

  8. 建筑装饰行业室内绿色施工初探%Indoor Green Construction of Building Decoration Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴俊

    2014-01-01

    近年来,越来越多的消费者已经认识到,室内建筑装饰可能会带来环境污染。一方面,施工过程和材料可能对环境造成负担;另一方面,装修后可能会散发甲醛等污染物,影响消费者居住健康。绿色施工就是基于消费者和环境要求而提出的。本文尝试分析了绿色施工的要求,提出了初步建议。%In recent years, more and more consumers have been recognized, indoor decoration may bring environmental polution. On the one hand, the construction process and mate- rial may be a burden on the environment; on the other hand, the decoration may emit formaldehyde and other polutants, influence living health of consumers. Green construction is put forward based on the consumer and environmental requirem- ents. This paper tries to analyze the green construction require- ments, puts forward some preliminary suggestions.

  9. Green Chemistry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collison, Melanie

    2011-05-15

    Green chemistry is the science of chemistry used in a way that will not use or create hazardous substances. Dr. Rui Resendes is working in this field at GreenCentre Canada, an offshoot of PARTEQ Innovations in Kingston, Ontario. GreenCentre's preliminary findings suggest their licensed product {sup S}witchable Solutions{sup ,} featuring 3 classes of solvents and a surfactant, may be useful in bitumen oil sands extraction.

  10. On the Building and Implementation of the Flipped Classroom Teaching Model Suitable for the Secondary Vocational Technical Schools——FLASH boot path animation courses as on example%中职翻转课堂模型构建与实施研究——以FLASH引导路径动画课程为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小红

    2015-01-01

    For today's education"student-centered"teaching philosophy, this paper proposes the flipped classroom teaching mode and makes full use of the advantages of flip classroom to build flipped classroom teaching model suitable for the Secondary vocational technical schools.Taking"FLASH boot path animation course"for example, this paper designs flipped classroom teaching programs based on autonomous learning, detects problems in the implementation process, gradually perfects the flipped classroom, improves the ability of autonomous learning, and truly realize the idea of"my learning on my own terms".%针对当今教育"以学生为中心"的教学理念,本文提出翻转课堂的教学模式,充分利用翻转课堂的优势,构建适合中职的翻转课堂教学模型,以"FLASH引导路径动画"课程为例,设计基于学生自主学习的翻转课堂的教学方案,并在实施过程中及时发现问题,逐步完善翻转课堂,提高学生自主学习的能力,真正做到"我的学习我做主".

  11. Classroom Tips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Jacqueline; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Describes five classroom activities or projects used in Canadian social studies classes. Includes discussions of the use of artifacts, a field trip to Spain, a simulation of the Earth Summit meeting, and the application of mahatma Gandhi's philosophy to current problems. (CFR)

  12. Classroom Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Carmit

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates the determinants and malleability of noncognitive skills. Using data on boys from the National Education Longitudinal Survey, I focus on youth behavior in the classroom as a measure of noncognitive skills. I find that student behavior during adolescence is persistent. The variation in behavior can be attributed to…

  13. Explore the Green Building Integrated Design Theory and Application%绿色建筑整合设计理论及其应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瀚卿

    2014-01-01

    随着人们生活水平的日益提高,建筑楼层和设施的完备程度都不断增高。但同时,环境污染问题和资源浪费问题也日渐突出。在这一背景下,绿色城市建筑设计就显得尤为重要。%With the improvement of people living standard d-ay by day, the achievement degree of floors and facilities is increasing. But at the same time, the environmental pol ution and resource waste problems are increasingly prominent. In th-is background, the green city architectural design is particula-rly important.

  14. 价值工程在教学楼架空层改造中的运用%Application of Value Engineering in Transformation of Stilts-tier Space of Classroom Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴琪琦

    2012-01-01

    As a management method, the effect of value engineering on improving the return on investment in housing construction projects is remarkable. 'Hie paper expounds detailed process, I.e. Applying Value Engineering to conduct preferred evaluation on two design schemes of transformation of stilts-tier space of classroom building of Zhejiang A & F University, and illustrates how to apply Value Engineering to get the optimal design scheme, so as to make project reach maximization of value within a certain amount of investment.%价值工程作为一种管理方法,对于提高房屋建筑工程项目投资效益效果显著.本文阐述了运用价值工程理论对浙江农林大学教学楼架空层改造的两个设计方案进行优选评价的详细过程,说明如何运用价值工程理论取得最优的设计方案,使项目在一定投资额内达到价值的最大化.

  15. Green consumerism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Groot, Judith I.M.; Schuitema, Geertje; Garson, Carrie Lee

    and the brand was familiar. Green product characteristics did not influence purchase intentions at all when these proself product characteristics were not fulfilled (i.e., high prices and unfamiliar brands). The importance of proself and green product characteristics on purchasing intentions was also...

  16. Automatically Green

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sunstein, Cass R.; Reisch, Lucia

    to consumers. In deciding whether to establish green defaults, choice architects should consider both consumer welfare and a wide range of other costs and benefits. Sometimes that assessment will argue strongly in favor of green defaults, particularly when both economic and environmental considerations point...

  17. 浅谈绿色建筑材料在墙体保温工程中的应用%Application of Green Building Materials in Wall Insulation Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾涛; 苗方利

    2014-01-01

    The production and business model of housing industry save time and labor, reduce costs, save contraction period. Building materials and products are the basic material elements of housing construction. Housing industry puts forward new demands for new materials and new products from the specification, quality and performance. This paper will research the application of green building materials in wall insulation project.%住宅产业化的生产和经营模式省工省时、降低成本、节约工期。建材和制品是住宅建设基本的物质要素。住宅产业化对新建材和新制品从规格、质量、性能上都将提出新的要求。本文将研究绿色建筑材料在墙体保温工程中的应用。

  18. The housing development process: green homes in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fazdliel Aswad Ibrahim

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Green building has been adopted and became an accepted norm in the developed countries like USA, UK, Canada and Australia. Despite the good efforts shown by the developed countries on how to build green building, the developing and less developed countries inclusive Malaysia seem lag behind in this aspect. The issue of sustainable approach in building industry in Malaysia is still new and there are a little of housing projects are meeting the criteria of green buildings. The housing developers are exposed to the risk of uncertainty demand from the house buyers if they are interested to develop green homes. This paper discuss the development of concept and design of green homes by using product development process model in the manufacturing and building industry in order to assist the housing developers to reduce the risk associated with this new product such this green homes.

  19. Green roofs: potential at LANL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pacheco, Elena M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    Green roofs, roof systems that support vegetation, are rapidly becoming one of the most popular sustainable methods to combat urban environmental problems in North America. An extensive list of literature has been published in the past three decades recording the ecological benefits of green roofs; and now those benefits have been measured in enumerated data as a means to analyze the costs and returns of green roof technology. Most recently several studies have made substantial progress quantifying the monetary savings associated with storm water mitigation, the lessoning of the Urban Heat Island, and reduction of building cooling demands due to the implementation of green roof systems. Like any natural vegetation, a green roof is capable of absorbing the precipitation that falls on it. This capability has shown to significantly decrease the amount of storm water runoff produced by buildings as well as slow the rate at which runoff is dispensed. As a result of this reduction in volume and velocity, storm drains and sewage systems are relieved of any excess stress they might experience in a storm. For many municipalities and private building owners, any increase in storm water mitigation can result in major tax incentives and revenue that does not have to be spent on extra water treatments. Along with absorption of water, vegetation on green roofs is also capable of transpiration, the process by which moisture is evaporated into the air to cool ambient temperatures. This natural process aims to minimize the Urban Heat Island Effect, a phenomenon brought on by the dark and paved surfaces that increases air temperatures in urban cores. As the sun distributes solar radiation over a city's area, dark surfaces such as bitumen rooftops absorb solar rays and their heat. That heat is later released during the evening hours and the ambient temperatures do not cool as they normally would, creating an island of constant heat. Such excessively high temperatures induce heat

  20. Multilevel and Diverse Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baurain, Bradley, Ed.; Ha, Phan Le, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    The benefits and advantages of classroom practices incorporating unity-in-diversity and diversity-in-unity are what "Multilevel and Diverse Classrooms" is all about. Multilevel classrooms--also known as mixed-ability or heterogeneous classrooms--are a fact of life in ESOL programs around the world. These classrooms are often not only multilevel…

  1. A Conceptual Framework of Green Certification Impact On Property Price

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Lizawati

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Green building is one of the sustainability dimensions in built environment. The issues of green building and its impact to the society have been increasingly discussed. Green certification is one of the components in measuring sustainable development and plays an important role as an assessment system to an individual building’s performance. The question arises whether the market understand and recognized the green certification. The objectives of this research are to discuss the issue pertaining to green value and the relationship between green certification and property price. The research emphasized on the understanding of property attributes focusing on green certification and the impact to the property price. Among the attributes identified are structural characteristics, location and neighborhood, and time attributes. Thus, this paper will discusses the review of literature on green development and the significance impact on property market in term of price and value. The green building development across the country could be classified as another sector in property markets that give significant impact to the real estate industry. As a result, a conceptual framework in assessing the impact of green certification is suggested to provide a significant input in developing the model of hedonic pricing for green building. This research may contribute to extend the body of knowledge in the area of green development and a suggested significant input will give much emphasize on the new valuation technique in valuing green building properties.

  2. Stormwater Design for U.S.LEED Green Building Certification%美国绿色建筑认证LEED雨水设计计算探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘国庆; 姜海元; 刘春华; 李育松

    2013-01-01

    U. S. LEED has different rating systems for different buildings. The LEED rating system for new construction, reconstruction and extension projects is suitable for office buildings, high-rise residential buildings and so on. This rating system required to control total stormwater discharge, flow rate and pollutants in runoff. Stormwater design methods in China and U. S. were analyzed. U. S. Storm Water Management Model ( SWMM ) was considered as an applicable design method. A multi-floor research and office building located at Haidian District, Beijing was designed according to LEED standard. Before the development, the project site was cropland. The project used pervious paving and vegetated roofs to minimize runoff quantity, and pond to collect rainwater for reuse and control runoff peak discharge rate and pollution. SWMM was used to predict total stormwater discharge and flow rate. Advice and issues needing attention were given for LEED project.%美国绿色建筑认证LEED对不同建筑有不同的评价体系,其中针对新建、扩建和改建项目的LEED标准适用于办公楼、高层住宅楼等建筑的设计.该评价体系要求雨水设计中控制项目用地雨水的排放总量、流量以及雨水径流中污染物的排放量.通过我国和美国雨水设计计算方法的比较分析,认为SWMM模型更适用于雨水相关计算.位于北京市海淀区的某多层科研办公楼项目按LEED要求进行设计,建设前用地为耕地,项目中采取各种透水铺装以及屋顶绿化等方式减少径流总量,设置雨水塘收集利用雨水、调节径流峰流量以减少污染物排放,并利用SWMM软件进行雨水总量、流量的预测.最后对LEED的应用提出一些建议和需要注意的问题.

  3. Building a Twig Phylogeny

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flinn, Kathryn M.

    2015-01-01

    In this classroom activity, students build a phylogeny for woody plant species based on the morphology of their twigs. Using any available twigs, students can practice the process of cladistics to test evolutionary hypotheses for real organisms. They identify homologous characters, determine polarity through outgroup comparison, and construct a…

  4. City of Austin: Green habitat learning project. A green builder model home project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-01

    The purpose of the Year 14 UCETF project was to design and construct a residential structure that could serve as a demonstration facility, training site, and testing and monitoring laboratory for issues related to the implementation of sustainable building practices and materials. The Model Home Project builds on the previous and existing efforts, partially funded by the UCETF, of the City of Austin Green Builder Program to incorporate sustainable building practices into mainstream building activities. The Green Builder Program uses the term {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} as a synonym for sustainability. In the research and analysis that was completed for our earlier reports in Years 12 and 13, we characterized specific elements that we associate with sustainability and, thus, green building. In general, we refer to a modified life cycle assessment to ascertain if {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} building options reflect similar positive cyclical patterns found in nature (i.e. recyclability, recycled content, renewable resources, etc.). We additionally consider economic, human health and synergistic ecological impacts associated with our building choices and characterize the best choices as {open_quotes}green.{close_quotes} Our ultimate goal is to identify and use those {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} materials and processes that provide well for us now and do not compromise similar benefits for future generations. The original partnership developed for this project shifted during the year from a project stressing advanced (many prototypical) {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} building materials and techniques in a research and demonstration context, to off-the-shelf but underutilized {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} materials in the practical social context of using {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} technologies for low income housing. That project, discussed in this report, is called the Green Habitat Learning Project.

  5. Innovation and Practice of Higher Vocational Classroom Teaching from the Perspective of Building Learning Scaffold--Taking Classroom Innovation of Business English Translation Course as an Example%构建学习支架视角下高职课堂教学的创新与实践--以《商务英语翻译》课堂创新为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱慧芬

    2014-01-01

    Classroom innovation is an important content in teaching reform and a foothold of teaching quality improvement for high⁃er vocational education. Taking Business English Translation Course as an example, this essay attempts to discuss teachers carry out classroom innovation from the aspects of teaching contents, methods and management by actively building learning scaffold for stu⁃dents and extending classroom teaching to make students internalize knowledge and skills and improve their translation skills, think⁃ing ability, creativity and vocational quality.%课堂创新是高等职业教育教学改革中不容忽视的重要内容,也是提高高等职业教育教学质量的落脚点。以《商务英语翻译》课程为例,探讨教师从教学内容、教学方法和教学管理方面开展课堂创新,积极为学生构建各种学习支架,有效延展课堂教学,使学生能够有效地进行知识和技能的内化,从而提升学生的翻译能力、思维能力、创新能力和职业素养。

  6. APPLICATION OF ACTIVE CHILLED BEAM IN GREEN OFFICE BUILDING%主动式冷梁在绿色办公建筑中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张向前; 李洋; 仝征

    2012-01-01

    主动式冷梁是由空调吊顶式诱导器等组成的一种新型空调末端,介绍该技术的工作原理、技术特点、主要技术措施和安装注意事项.北京中关村某科研办公楼应用该技术,满足了环保节能要求.%Active chilled beam is a new air-conditioning terminal composed of ceiling-suspended air-conditioning inductor. Working principle, technical characteristics, main technical measures and installation attentions are introduced for such technique. This technique is used in a scientific research office building in Zhongguancun of Beijing, and requirements for environmental protection and energy saving are well satisfied.

  7. Building with green and glass. Innovations in the horticulture for living and working; Bouwen met groen en glas. Innovaties uit de glastuinbouw voor wonen en werken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergs, J.; Ter Haar, H.; Huisman, S.; Kristinsson, J.; Kruseman, I.; Oei, P.

    2007-07-01

    New technologies and insights from greenhouses, space technology and psychology are used for innovative applications in the building sector. Use is made of daylight, solar heat and vegetation. Architects can thus realize a clean, healthy and comfortable indoor climate in houses, school buildings, offices, health care centers, and also reduce the consumption of energy for cooling and heating. In particular attention is paid to the use of glass. [Dutch] Glastuinbouw, ruimtevaart en psychologie. Drie boeiende vakgebieden die op het eerste gezicht weinig met elkaar te maken hebben. Bouwen met groen en glas bewijst het tegendeel door gebruik te maken van nieuwe technieken en inzichten uit deze vakgebieden. Het concept maakt optimaal gebruik van daglicht, zonnewarmte en de weldaad van groen. Het toont de vele mogelijkheden die architecten met groen en glas kunnen aanboren. Waarom zou een architect dat doen? Omdat Bouwen met groen en glas de kern raakt van een uiterst actueel en tevens tijdloos thema: een schoon, gezond en prettig binnenklimaat in woningen, scholen, kantoren en zorginstellingen, gecombineerd met een substantieel lager energieverbruik voor koelen en verwarmen. Nieuwe technieken uit de glastuinbouw bieden nieuwe oplossingen. Bijvoorbeeld, in de zomer warmte oogsten en opslaan om die in de winter weer aan te boren. Veel glas stimuleert ook de toepassing van groen. Planten zijn meer dan versiering. Ze reinigen de lucht, zorgen voor bevochtiging en bieden mensen aangename omstandigheden om in te leren en te werken. Bouwen met groen en glas pleit dan ook voor gebouwen met een eigen ecosysteem, met planten als integraal onderdeel van het gebouw en de technische installaties.

  8. Green Coffee

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of it. Alcohol can decrease how quickly the body breaks down caffeine. Taking green coffee along with alcohol might cause too much caffeine in the bloodstream and caffeine side effects including jitteriness, headache, and fast heartbeat.ModerateBe cautious ...

  9. Developing Key Parameters for Green Performance of Partition Wall Blocks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goh Cheng Siew

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available To promote sustainable construction, it is important to consider green performance of construction materials throughout the life cycle. Selecting inappropriate materials could not only affect the functional performance but also preclude the achievement of green building performance as a whole. Green performance of construction materials has therefore been one of the primary considerations of green building assessment systems. Using partition wall blocks as an example, this paper examines green performance of building materials primarily from the cradle to gate boundaries. Nine key parameters are proposed for the green performance of partition wall blocks. Apart from environmental features, technical performance of partition wall blocks is also taken into consideration since it is the determinant of the lifecycle performance. This paper offers a roadmap to decision makers to make environmentally responsible choices for their materials of internal walls and partitions, and hence provides a potential sustainable solution for green buildings.

  10. Green Economics

    OpenAIRE

    David Pearce

    1992-01-01

    Economists assume that people are fundamentally greedy, though not exclusively so. If environmental improvement is to be achieved, it will require policies that use selfishness rather than opposing it. Such policies are to be found in the basics of green economics in which market signals are modified by environmental taxes and tradeable pollution certificates to 'decouple' the economic growth process from its environmental impact. Green economic policies avoid the infringements of human liber...

  11. Green lasers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole Bjarlin

    2010-01-01

    Well over a dozen papers at this year's Photonics West meeting in San Francisco boasted improvements in harmonic generation to produce visible laser beams, most of them in the green spectral range......Well over a dozen papers at this year's Photonics West meeting in San Francisco boasted improvements in harmonic generation to produce visible laser beams, most of them in the green spectral range...

  12. The Classroom Animal: Crickets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, David C.

    1985-01-01

    Suggests using crickets for classroom activities, providing background information on their anatomy and reproduction and tips on keeping individual organisms or a breeding colony in the classroom. (JN)

  13. Green Construction Technology in 2010 Edition Ten New Technologies of Buildings%《建筑业10项新技术》(2010版)之绿色施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段恺; 赵文海; 梁红兵; 单彩杰

    2011-01-01

    (2010版)之绿色施工技术包括基坑施工封闭降水技术、施工过程水回收利用技术、预拌砂浆技术、外墙自保温体系和工业废渣及(空心)砌块应用技术、粘贴式外墙外保温隔热系统施工技术和外墙外保温岩棉(矿棉)施工技术、现浇混凝土外墙外保温施工技术、硬泡聚氨酯外墙喷涂保温施工技术、铝合金窗断桥技术、太阳能与建筑一体化应用技术、供热计量技术、建筑外遮阳技术、植生混凝土技术、透水混凝土技术.重点介绍了各技术的应用形式以及要点,实现建筑领域资源节约与节能减排.%The green construction technology in 2010 edition Ten New Technologies of Buildings includes closed dewatering technology for foundation excavation construction, recycling technology for construction water, premixed mortar technology, application technology for self insulation system of exterior wall and industrial waste residue and hollow block, construction technology of sticking-type exterior insulation system and rock wool or mineral wool exterior wall external insulation, construction technology of cast-insitu concrete exterior insulation, construction technology of polyurethane rigid foam exterior spraying insulation, fracturing bridge technology of aluminum window, integration application technology of solar energy and buildings, heat metering technology, external sunshade technology of buildings, planting concrete technology and permeable concrete technology. The application styles and key points for each technology are introduced in detail. Resources and energy saving in building industry are realized.

  14. 我国绿色建筑常用节能技术后评估比较研究%POE research on common energy saving technology applied to green buildings in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林波荣; 肖娟

    2012-01-01

    根据后评估(POE)的方法,对我国不同气候区的11栋绿色建筑及示范建筑的实际能耗情况及节能技术进行了调研和分析研究,包括围护结构、暖通空调系统、生活热水系统及可再生能源系统等,对系统的设计参数、运行效果、实际能耗、室内环境质量和使用满意度进行了分析,总结了设计、运行中的常见问题和优化策略.研究发现,自然通风和自然采光等低成本被动式技术实际运行效果良好,值得重视和推广;人员的行为模式和使用模式对能耗影响较大,应成为节能运行管理中的要点;绿色办公建筑在引进建筑节能技术和应用可再生能源系统时,需考虑技术的经济性.在中国现有建设水平下,应发展低能耗、低投入成本、低空间成本、高运行效率的示范技术.%With post-occupancy evaluation (POE) method, investigates and analyses actual energy consumption and energy saving technology of eleven green buildings and demonstrating buildings in different climate zones in China, which covers building envelope, HVAC systems, domestic hot water systems and renewable energy systems. Analyses design parameters, operation performance, actual energy consumption, indoor environment quality and users' degree of satisfaction. Sums up common questions and optimization strategies in design and operation. Finds that the passive techniques with low costs such as natural ventilation and daylighting have good operation effects, deserving attention and popularization. The behaviour mode and use pattern of occupants have a major influence on energy consumption, which should be deemed as key points in operation management. Economical efficiency should be considered when importing energy technology for buildings and applying renewable energy. The demonstrating technologies with lower energy consumption, investment costs and space costs and higher operation efficiency should be developed under exist constructions

  15. Partners in Earth System Science: a Field, Laboratory and Classroom Based Professional Development Program for K-12 Teachers Designed to Build Scientific and Pedagogical Understandings of Teaching Climate Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slattery, W.; Lunsford, S.; Diedrick, A.; Crane, C.

    2015-12-01

    The purpose of the Partners in Earth System Science summer and academic year professional development program for Ohio K-12 teachers is to build their understandings of the scientific observations, methods and resources that scientists use when studying past and present climate change. Participants then use these tools to develop inquiry-based activities to teach their K-12 students how the scientific method and data are used to understand the effects of global climate change. The summer portion of the program takes teachers from throughout Ohio to the Duke University Marine Laboratory in Beaufort, North Carolina. There they engage in a physical and biological exploration of the modern and ancient ocean. For example, they collect samples of sediment and test water samples collected from modern coastal environments and connect their findings with evidence of the fauna living in those environments. Then, using observations from the geological record of the Eocene through Pleistocene sediments exposed in eastern North Carolina and inferences from observations made from the modern ocean they seek to answer scientifically testable questions regarding the physical and biological characteristics of the ocean during Cenozoic climate change events. During the academic year participants connect with each other and project faculty online to support the development of inquiry based science activities for their K-12 students. These activities focus on how evidence and observations such as outcrop extent, sediment type and biological assemblages can be used to infer past climates. The activities are taught in participant's classrooms and discussed with other participants in an online discussion space. Assessment of both teachers and K-12 students document significant positive changes in science knowledge, their confidence in being able to do science and a clearer understanding of how oceans are impacted by global climate change.

  16. Cats in the classroom: Online learning in hybrid space

    OpenAIRE

    Kazmer, Michelle

    2005-01-01

    Students and professors create a shared on–campus classroom environment through individual and collaborative contributions. Similar contributions go into the design of an online classroom. Online instructors build the learning environment to create a shared learning experience, and designers of course management software reinforce this consistency. Examining the online classroom as "hybrid space" — comprising physical and online space — reveals a more complex reality than a seamless learning ...

  17. 推进总量减排达标打造绿色石化企业%Build Green Petrochemical Company by Achieving Emission Target

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔文峰; 王利红; 辛世希

    2015-01-01

    兰州石化将总量减排指标细化分解,制定出2010—2015年总量减排计划,以工程减排、技术减排、管理减排为手段,逐年逐项落实减排措施,推进了总量减排目标的实现。通过核实总量基数,研究减排政策,落实减排方案,细化减排措施,落实工程减排总量核查;开展工程项目完善和技术攻关,强化环保体系建设和过程控制,建立监督考核机制,实现环保设施稳定运行,企业排放达标水平稳步升级。2013年污染物排放强度较2010年降低50%~60%,主要污染物所占兰州市排放比例由2010年的20% 以上降低到3%~9%左右,环境质量大幅改善,清洁化、绿色化、可持续发展能力得到全面提升。%Total emission reduction plan of the company for the years from 2010 to 2015 is worked out through breakdown of total emission reduction target, in a bid to implement engineering, technical and management measures step by step and ifnally achieve the total target. Now the enterprise’s target-achieving capability has steadily improved via measures including verifying total emission base, studying emission reduction policy, perfecting engineering project, tackling technical problems, strengthening environmental protection system and process control, establishing supervision and examination mechanism and realizing stable operation of environmental protection facilities. Its pollutant emission intensity in 2013 is 50 %-60 % lower than that in 2010, and main pollutants proportion in the emission of Lanzhou city is reduced to 3 %-9 % from 20 % in 2010. Thus the environmental quality and the overall clean, green and sustainable development capability has been signiifcantly promoted.

  18. GREEN ROOFS — A GROWING TREND

    Science.gov (United States)

    One of the most interesting stormwater control systems under evaluation by EPA are “green roofs”. Green roofs are vegetative covers applied to building roofs to slow, or totally absorb, rainfall runoff during storms. While the concept of over-planted roofs is very ancient, the go...

  19. Green Team News and Upcoming Events | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    By Melissa Porter, Staff Writer Spring Plant Swap 2013 This past October, you may have seen several members of the Green Team standing in front of Building 549 giving out free plants or offering to take extra plants off your hands—this was the first Green Team Fall Plant Swap.

  20. The Green of Green Functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Challis, Lawrie; Sheard, Fred

    2003-12-01

    In 1828, an English miller from Nottingham published a mathematical essay that generated little response. George Green's analysis, however, has since found applications in areas ranging from classical electrostatics to modern quantum field theory.

  1. Green Office 2015. The biotopic Eureka; Green Office 2015. Het biotopische Eureka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ubachs, H.J.G. [Imtech, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2009-06-15

    The project Green Office 2015 is an integral, sustainable and multiple district development in which urban development, landscape, architecture, indoor and technology are integrated. A design with the highest scores for the Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM), Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), and GreenCalc plus The participants in this project show that integral design has an added value in comparison to a traditional design process. They want to enrich the building and building services sector with their shared knowledge and expertise on sustainable office buildings. [Dutch] Green Office 2015 is een integrale, meervoudige gebiedsontwikkeling waarbij stedenbouw, landschap, architectuur, interieur en techniek samengaan. Een concept met de hoogste scores in the Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM), Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), en GreenCalc plus . Een duurzaam concept voor binnenstedelijke beleving en integratie van buitenwijken. Het concept is een initiatief van Imtech samen met tal van partners uit de bouwkolom.

  2. See, Say, Write: A Writing Routine for the Preschool Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copp, Stefanie B.; Cabell, Sonia Q.; Tortorelli, Laura S.

    2016-01-01

    See, Say, Write is an adaptable classroom writing routine that teachers can use across a range of activities in the preschool classroom. This preschool writing routine offers an opportunity for teachers to build on a shared experience through engagement in rich conversation and writing. After a shared experience, teachers will provide a visual…

  3. Ordering within Moral Orders to Manage Classroom Trouble

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doherty, Catherine; McGregor, Rowena; Shield, Paul

    2016-01-01

    This paper demonstrates how classroom trouble warranting teacher intervention can stem from transgressions in different layers of the complex moral order regulating classroom interactions. The paper builds from Durkheim's treatment of schooling as the institution responsible for the inculcation of a shared moral order, Bernstein's distinction…

  4. 绿色建筑热湿环境调节及节能措施综述%Survey of adjustment of thermal and humidity environment and energy-saving measures in green buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘佳

    2012-01-01

    The paper indicates from the development of the green buildings and the adjustment technique of the thermal and humidity environment,points out the importance of the adjustment of the thermal and humidity environment and the architectural energy-saving,and surveys the architectural energy-saving measures from the architectural closure structure,the utility of solar energy and heating and ventilating air-conditioner system,so as to realize the sustainable development of the architectural industry.%从绿色建筑发展现状、建筑热湿环境调节技术方面进行了论述,指出了热湿环境调节及建筑节能的重要性,从建筑围护结构、太阳能利用、暖通空调系统几个方面综述了建筑节能措施,以实现建筑业的可持续发展。

  5. Ideal State of Passive Ultra-Low-Energy Green Building and Energy-Efficient Building%被动式超低能耗绿色建筑-节能建筑的理想状态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈海阳; 何飞; 翟向阳

    2016-01-01

    Passive house is a new type of energy-efficient building, using primary energy consumption index as a limit indicator. It achieves the living environment of high quality, as well as the energy-saving and environmental protection goals at the same time, which will change building’s developing trend for the city. The concept and index requirements of passive house are introduced, so as to the utilization and installation of the energy-efficient windows, in order to provide reference for related projects.%被动房是节能建筑的一种新型建筑,采用一次能源消耗量做限制指标,实现高品质居住环境下的低能耗建筑。被动房建筑节能环保,将改变城市建筑形态。通过对被动房的概念、指标要求、节能窗户使用及安装进行介绍,为相关工程提供借鉴。

  6. Green banking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja Drobnjaković

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available There is an urgent need to march towards “low - carbon economy”. Global challenges of diminishing fossil fuel reserves, climate change, environmental management and finite natural resources serving an expanding world population - these reasons mean that urgent action is required to transition to solutions which minimize environmental impact and are sustainable. We are at the start of the low - carbon revolution and those that have started on their low - carbon journey already are seeing benefits such as new markets and customers, improved economic, social and environmental performance, and reduced bills and risks. Green investment banks offer alternative financial services: green car loans, energy efficiency mortgages, alternative energy venture capital, eco - savings deposits and green credit cards. These items represent innovative financial products.

  7. Stormwater Attenuation by Green Roofs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sims, A.; O'Carroll, D. M.; Robinson, C. E.; Smart, C. C.

    2014-12-01

    Innovative municipal stormwater management technologies are urgently required in urban centers. Inadequate stormwater management can lead to excessive flooding, channel erosion, decreased stream baseflows, and degraded water quality. A major source of urban stormwater is unused roof space. Green roofs can be used as a stormwater management tool to reduce roof generated stormwater and generally improve the quality of runoff. With recent legislation in some North American cities, including Toronto, requiring the installation of green roofs on large buildings, research on the effectiveness of green roofs for stormwater management is important. This study aims to assess the hydrologic response of an extensive sedum green roof in London, Ontario, with emphasis on the response to large precipitation events that stress municipal stormwater infrastructure. A green roof rapidly reaches field capacity during large storm events and can show significantly different behavior before and after field capacity. At field capacity a green roof has no capillary storage left for retention of stormwater, but may still be an effective tool to attenuate peak runoff rates by transport through the green roof substrate. The attenuation of green roofs after field capacity is linked to gravity storage, where gravity storage is the water that is temporarily stored and can drain freely over time after field capacity has been established. Stormwater attenuation of a modular experimental green roof is determined from water balance calculations at 1-minute intervals. Data is used to evaluate green roof attenuation and the impact of field capacity on peak flow rates and gravity storage. In addition, a numerical model is used to simulate event based stormwater attenuation. This model is based off of the Richards equation and supporting theory of multiphase flow through porous media.

  8. Green networking

    CERN Document Server

    Krief, Francine

    2012-01-01

    This book focuses on green networking, which is an important topic for the scientific community composed of engineers, academics, researchers and industrialists working in the networking field. Reducing the environmental impact of the communications infrastructure has become essential with the ever increasing cost of energy and the need for reducing global CO2 emissions to protect our environment.Recent advances and future directions in green networking are presented in this book, including energy efficient networks (wired networks, wireless networks, mobile networks), adaptive networ

  9. Green times

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors, founding members of the ''Green Party'' have in mind to make a very personal contribution to a better understanding of the present political situation which, although it seems to have reached a deadlock, still offers positive chances and prospects. New approaches in policy are mentioned which may help to overcome the present state of resignation of many adolescents and adults. Among other things, they describe themselves setting out for new pathways, the ''Greens'' in Parliament, prospect for the future, opportunities of the ecologically oriented economic policy. Finally, they call upon the reader to think and develop further under the motto ''What we all can do''. (HSCH)

  10. Not everything green has green

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Last week (March 2009) Slovak government extended the preferential treatment of renewable energy. Companies that will produce electricity from biomass, water, wind, solar and underground thermal springs, have guaranteed that they will receive a decently paid at least the next 15 years. It promises them a new government bill on the promotion of renewable energy. So far, the State guaranteed the purchase of green power for only one year in advance. And because it is more expensive than electricity from coal or uranium, green investment firms feared. Fifteen guarantees give assurance. The government will guarantee only purchase green electricity, but also biomethane to produce heat. So, who wants an ordinary agrarian biogas from waste and adjust to such a gas. Slovak gas industry will have to buy it into its network. Biomethane is not in domestic terms only on paper.

  11. 某绿色建筑能耗实测数据校验eQUSET建筑能耗模拟软件模型的研究%Measured Data Verification of Energy Consumption in a Green Building for Building Energy Simulation Software eQUEST Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晏京; 吴祥生; 陈金华; 张小欧

    2014-01-01

    以重庆市某高校三星绿色建筑为例,对其全年实际运行能耗进行分项统计,利用eQUEST建筑能耗模拟软件建立该建筑的能耗模拟模型。逐项比较实测数据与模拟数据,分析产生误差的原因,并使校验过后的模型模拟数据误差达到相关标准要求。通过对所建模型的校验模拟,证明了经过实测数据校验的模型能够对建筑能耗进行更准确的预测。总结了一些校验模型的方法,为后续能耗模拟提供了参考。%According to the subentry statistic of a green building in Chongqing, the building energy consumption simulation model is established by eQUEST software, comparing the measured data and simu-lated data, analyzing the cause of the error, and the checked model simulation data error achieves the re-quirements of relevant standards. Through the verification of the model, data checking model can make more accurate prediction on the energy consumption of buildings. Some methods for checking model are summarized as reference for subsequent energy simulation.

  12. Green lights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Peter Kielberg

    This study investigates the effect of drought on economic activity globally using remote sensing data. In particular, predicted variation in greenness is correlated with changes in the density of artificial light observed at night on a grid of 0.25 degree latitude-longitude pixels. I define drought...

  13. Going Green.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Mike

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the benefits that schools and universities can gain by adopting environmentally sensitive practices in their design and operations. Includes resources for locating additional information about green schools and a list of 11 features that represent a comprehensive, sustainable school. (GR)

  14. Going Green

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2008-04-18

    This podcast is for a general audience and provides information on how to recycle, re-use, and restore. It also covers the benefits of “Going Green" on the environment, health, and social interaction.  Created: 4/18/2008 by National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH), ATSDR.   Date Released: 5/8/2008.

  15. Green Victory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Award-winning solar energy project benefits millions of people in underdeveloped areas The world’s leading green en- ergy prize, Ashden Award for Sustainable Energy, announced on June 19 that China’s Renewable Energy Development Project (REDP) was among its latest recipients. The REDP

  16. Making Connections to the "Real World": A Model Building Lesson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horibe, Shusaku; Underwood, Bret

    2009-01-01

    Classroom activities that include the process of model building, in which students build simplified physical representations of a system, have the potential to help students make meaningful connections between physics and the real world. We describe a lesson designed with this intent for an introductory college classroom that engages students in…

  17. Carbon footprinting : a classroom exercise

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bryan, H.; Grimm, M. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe (United States). School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, College of Design

    2009-07-01

    This paper reported on an ongoing initiative at Arizona State University (ASU) to reduce the carbon footprint of buildings on campus. The College of Design and the Global Institute of Sustainability created a graduate level class where students in the fields of architecture, building design, urban planning, and sustainability applied a methodology to determine and improve a building's carbon footprint. Launched in 2008, the project currently has 13 buildings and will be expanded up to 50 buildings by the end of 2009. ASU is initially committing to carbon reduction and eventual carbon neutrality. The project offers students an opportunity to view the impact of their daily behaviours in terms of energy consumption and carbon emissions. The carbon footprinting methodology was used in a classroom setting by graduate students at ASU College of Design and School of Sustainability to determine the carbon footprint of 3 campus buildings. The methodology included an energy consumption analysis of the existing building, the creation of an as-built energy model, and the study of carbon footprint improvement scenarios with the ultimate goal of achieving carbon neutrality. Each improvement scenario was analyzed to determine its effect on overall carbon footprint and annual energy consumption, including electricity and natural gas use. 6 refs., 10 tabs., 4 figs.

  18. Green Low Carbon Building Design -- The Application in Solar Energy in Green and Low-carbon Building Design%绿色低碳建筑设计——太阳能在绿色低碳建筑设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢俊

    2012-01-01

    太阳能储量巨大,分布广泛,清洁安全,结合本设计要求,在此次设计中充分考虑利用太阳能及太阳能光伏发电技术,在屋面、窗户及墙面进行了太阳能应用的初步研究,倡导绿色低碳的建筑设计研究。%solar energy is enormously reserved, widespread, safe and clean.Unifies this design requirements, The full consideration bends down the power technology in this design using the solar energy and the solar energy light, in the roofing, the window and the wall surface have conducted the solar energy application preliminary study, Initiative green low-carbon architectural design research.

  19. Build a Positive Classroom Environment: Avoid Competition!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Self, Nancy S.

    2009-01-01

    Elementary teachers often instigate competition among their students through such common statements as: "Students who make 100 on the spelling test may have 10 minutes of extra center time" and "The most creatively written story this week will be placed on the bulletin board." While such pronouncements motivate some students into action, they…

  20. BUILDING BLOCKS IN THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSROOM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rossina Coto Keith

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta las ventajas de la integración de tres áreas comúnmente estudiadas en la enseñanza de idiomas: Estilos de Aprendizaje, Inteligencias Múltiples y Estrategias para el Aprendizaje de Idiomas. Cada una de estas áreas tiene un papel fundamental en la enseñanza de idiomas y el aprendizaje, pero por lo general se utilizan por separado, o en el mejor de los casos, los y las docentes integran ya sea estilos e inteligencias o estrategias, pero no las tres al mismo tiempo. De hecho, la mayoría de la literatura presenta cada una por separado, dando la idea de que sólo una o dos se pueden utilizar en la clase de idiomas, por lo que en muchas oportunidades se ignoran aspectos fundamentales. La tesis principal del artículo es que, para ser más eficaz, Estilos de Aprendizaje, Inteligencias Múltiples y Estrategias de Aprendizaje deben entrelazarse a fin de crear un pilar sólido para el aprendizaje de idiomas. Primeramente, la autora ofrece una visión general de cada una de estas áreas. Luego en el referente teórico explica cómo estas deben usarse como una unidad, y posteriormente da un ejemplo de esto a través de un plan de clase sobre el tema de la conservación del medio ambiente para un curso de Comunicación Oral I de la carrera de inglés de la Escuela de Lenguas Modernas de la Universidad de Costa Rica. Por último, se ofrecen algunas recomendaciones a los y las instructores sobre la integración de estos pilares en el aula.

  1. Building Simple Hidden Markov Models. Classroom Notes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ching, Wai-Ki; Ng, Michael K.

    2004-01-01

    Hidden Markov models (HMMs) are widely used in bioinformatics, speech recognition and many other areas. This note presents HMMs via the framework of classical Markov chain models. A simple example is given to illustrate the model. An estimation method for the transition probabilities of the hidden states is also discussed.

  2. DEMAND CONTROLLED VENTILATION AND CLASSROOM VENTILATION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisk, William J.; Mendell, Mark J.; Davies, Molly; Eliseeva, Ekaterina; Faulkner, David; Hong, Tienzen; Sullivan, Douglas P.

    2014-01-06

    This document summarizes a research effort on demand controlled ventilation and classroom ventilation. The research on demand controlled ventilation included field studies and building energy modeling. Major findings included: ? The single-location carbon dioxide sensors widely used for demand controlled ventilation frequently have large errors and will fail to effectively control ventilation rates (VRs).? Multi-location carbon dioxide measurement systems with more expensive sensors connected to multi-location sampling systems may measure carbon dioxide more accurately.? Currently-available optical people counting systems work well much of the time but have large counting errors in some situations. ? In meeting rooms, measurements of carbon dioxide at return-air grilles appear to be a better choice than wall-mounted sensors.? In California, demand controlled ventilation in general office spaces is projected to save significant energy and be cost effective only if typical VRs without demand controlled ventilation are very high relative to VRs in codes. Based on the research, several recommendations were developed for demand controlled ventilation specifications in the California Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards.The research on classroom ventilation collected data over two years on California elementary school classrooms to investigate associations between VRs and student illness absence (IA). Major findings included: ? Median classroom VRs in all studied climate zones were below the California guideline, and 40percent lower in portable than permanent buildings.? Overall, one additional L/s per person of VR was associated with 1.6percent less IA. ? Increasing average VRs in California K-12 classrooms from the current average to the required level is estimated to decrease IA by 3.4percent, increasing State attendance-based funding to school districts by $33M, with $6.2 M in increased energy costs. Further VR increases would provide additional benefits

  3. Green building concept reflected in HVAC design of China's Scientific Development Concept Exhibition Hall in Taizhou%绿色建筑理念在中国(泰州)科学发展观展示馆暖通空调设计中的体现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄璞洁; 许伊那; 何耀炳; 陈卓伦

    2012-01-01

    以中国(泰州)科学发展观展示馆项目为例,从暖通空调设计师的视角,介绍了《绿色建筑评价标准》在节能与能源利用和室内环境质量方面的各项细则要求.以绿色建筑三星级为目标,结合当地的气候特点,运用了地埋管地源热泵、变频调速、新风热回收、置换通风、多元通风等多项实用的节能技术,探讨了绿色建筑技术在暖通空调系统设计中的应用.%Taking the exhibition hall as an example, from the perspective of an HVAC designer, presents the rules and requirements of the Evaluation standard for green building in the aspects of energy efficiency and energy utilization and indoor environmental quality. Aiming at the highest level—three-star level—of the national green building standard, based on the climate characteristics of Taizhou, Jiangsu Province, adopts several practicable energy efficient techniques, including the ground-source heat pump with ground heat exchanger, variable frequency control, heat recovery of fresh air, displacement-ventilation and hybrid ventilation. Discusses the application of green building techniques in HVAC system design.

  4. Sustainable Building Operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole

    2009-01-01

    Energy-savings in the existing building stock have becomes a main goal in national and international policies. Often focus is on building-renovations, whereas the potential of sustainable building operation to a large extent has been neglected. Nevertheless, international research as well...... as practical experiences from Danish housing estates indicates that there are large potentials for energy savings by focusing on the operation of the buildings. We suggest that in order to achieve sustainability in the existing housing, renovation and operations should be seen as integrated parts...... building operation as an 'umbrella' for various ways of reducing flows of energy, water and waste in the daily operation of the buildings, for instance by regular monitoring the consumption, by using 'green accounting', by applying policies for sustainability etc. The paper is based on case studies...

  5. Group Work Management in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forslund Frykedal, Karin; Hammar Chiriac, Eva

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to provide a better understanding of teachers' managing roles when using group work in the classroom. Building on Granström's 2 concepts of leadership and teachership, a more specific aim is to investigate teachers' managing roles when using group work and how teachers' presumptions affect the way in which they…

  6. Thinking and Learning in Classroom Discourse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartman, Maria

    1996-01-01

    Transcripts of the classroom conversations of seven profoundly deaf 13- and 14-year-old students and their teachers were analyzed, using Vygotsky's theories on the social nature of learning and the role of mediation. Results of the study found that conversation builds ideas, facilitates comprehension of text, encourages cognitive development, and…

  7. Giving Students a Voice in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Evelyn

    1996-01-01

    Unlike stimulus-response models based on external controls, the Educational Responsibility program thriving in many New York State schools is designed to strengthen student empowerment and responsibility. Teachers learn to create needs-fulfilling classrooms, using strategies such as building team involvement, offering choices, increasing value for…

  8. Promoting Civil Discourse in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birnie, Billie F.

    2016-01-01

    Teachers are responsible for what happens in their classrooms, and promoting civil discourse should be among their top priorities. Not only should they model civil speech and behavior, but they also should establish clear boundaries for students, create a climate that nourishes courteous exchange, and help students build vocabularies that enable…

  9. Teaching through Mnemonics in Elementary School Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waite-McGough, Arianne

    2012-01-01

    Mnemonics and songs are used to help students excel and build are their knowledge in all content areas. This method of teaching and reinforcement of information helps students to commit new information to memory and continue to use this material throughout their lives. Using mnemonics is a lessons way to teach and make the classroom a unique…

  10. Transformers: Movement Experiences for Early Childhood Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vagovic, Julia

    2008-01-01

    Transformers are simple movement experiences for the classroom that engage the mind and body, focus energy, and help children transition to the next activity. Teachers can use them throughout the day, every day. The author explains the basic movements and suggests ways to build on them. They range from deep breathing to gentle wake-up movements to…

  11. Progress report on Green Deals 2013; Voortgangsrapportage Green Deals 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-11-15

    In the Dutch governmental coalition agreement the Green Deal approach was announced in the autumn of 2010. The focus of the Green Deals is for people and companies to develop sustainable initiatives that contribute to economic growth. The Green Deal approach started with the theme energy, but has been extended with the themes biobased economy, climate, resources, buildings, food, mobility, water and biological diversity. This progress report provides an overview of the deals that this bottom-up approach has yielded. The report also provides information on the progress of the deals and the interim results of the approach and the individual deals. Also attention is paid to how the 146 Green Deals score on innovation and entrepreneurship [Dutch] In het regeerakkoord van het kabinet is in het najaar van 2010 de Green Deal-aanpak aangekondigd. Centraal in de aanpak staat dat mensen en bedrijven zoveel mogelijk ruimte krijgen voor eigen duurzame initiatieven die bijdragen aan economische groei. De aanpak is gestart vanuit het thema energie, maar beslaat inmiddels ook de thema's biobased economy, klimaat, grondstoffen, bouw, voedsel, mobiliteit, water en biodiversiteit. Deze voortgangsrapportage geeft een overzicht van de deals die deze bottom-up aanpak heeft opgeleverd. De rapportage informeert bovendien over de voortgang van de deals en over de tussentijdse resultaten van zowel de aanpak als de afzonderlijke deals. Ook wordt gekeken hoe de 146 Green Deals scoren op innovatief vermogen en ondernemerschap.

  12. Green Demonstrated Analysis on Structure of Our Electric Power Resource

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Jun-bao; YU Jing; CHEN Jin-jing

    2004-01-01

    According to green view and history data, the demonstrated method is applied to analyze the green rationality on the present structure of thermal, hydraulic and nuclear electric power resource; the green trend of large-scale on thermal power generating unit in our history; the distribution of between water and coal resource with the space structure of electric power installed capacity, and recommending the premise, dominance and direction of building our green electric power structure in the future.

  13. 绿色技术对岭南办公建筑生态性的影响%Effect of Green Technology on Eco Performance of Office Buildings in the South of the Five Ridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋涛; 胡文斌; 梁添

    2015-01-01

    Based on a national three-star greening project , namely the project of office hall design for the adminis-trative committee of Dongguan Eco Park , a series of computer simulations and energy consumption measurements are carried out to analyze and compare the effects of several passive and active energy-saving techniques on the eco performance of office buildings in the South of the Five Ridges .The passive energy-saving techniques include the o-rientation optimization as well as the utilization of sunshading , natural lighting and ventilation , and the active ener-gy-saving techniques include water recycling and air conditioning supported by water source heat pump .Then, a priority of the aforementioned passive techniques with less technological demand but greater efficiency , as well as an auxiliary use of the active energy-saving techniques to meet the requirements in particular conditions , is sugges-ted, which helps to improve the eco performance and reduce the energy consumption of office buildings .%以国家绿色三星项目———东莞生态园管委会办公楼设计为例,通过建筑环境计算机仿真与能耗实测对比,定性、定量分析与对比了办公建筑被动节能技术(包括朝向选择、自遮阳体系、自然采光、通风的利用等)及主动节能技术(包括水源热泵空调系统的运行、水资源的循环利用等)对岭南办公建筑生态性的影响,在计算机模拟与数据分析比较的基础上提出了优先使用低技术高效能的被动节能技术手段,并结合环境条件辅助使用适宜主动节能技术,以提高岭南地区办公建筑生态性、降低使用能耗的策略。

  14. Building Sense of Community at a Distance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfred P. Rovai

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available This article challenges the belief that strong sense of community is limited to the traditional classroom and proposes that the virtual classroom has the potential of building and sustaining sense of community at levels that are comparable to the traditional classroom. Drawing on research literature, the concept of learning community is applied to the virtual classroom by taking on the issue of how best to design and conduct an online course that fosters community among learners who are physically separated from each other. Course design principles are described that facilitate dialogue and decrease psychological distance, thereby increasing a sense of community among learners.

  15. 基于绿色建筑标准的历史文保区建筑节能环保技术集成应用%Energy-efficient Technology Integration in Historical and Cultural Protection Area Based on Green Building Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周丹; 张星星

    2014-01-01

    The concept of green building and its basic requirements are outlined. The Chinese green building evaluation criteria is introduced. Taking the new home-based care services centers and community health service station construction project as examples, building energy saving and environmental protection technology are integrated in historical and cultural protection areas.“Eco-first and people-oriented”design principles are proposed, as well as technology adaptation to local condition and integration of the economic, social, environmental benefits. The green technology is applied in buildings of the historical and cultural protection area, focusing on land saving, energy saving, water saving, material saving, indoor environmental quality and operational management, in order to reduce building energy consumption and pollutant emis-sions, and ultimately achieve the goal of sustainable development.%概述了绿色建筑的概念及基本要求,并介绍我国绿色建筑评价的标准。以新建居家养老服务中心及社区卫生服务站建设工程为例,研究历史文化保护区建筑节能环保技术集成应用。提出生态优先,以人为本,因地制宜及经济、社会、环境效益相统一的设计原则,从节地、节能、节水、节材、室内环境质量和运营管理方面在历史文化保护区建筑集成应用各项绿色环保技术,以降低建筑能耗,减少污染物排放,实现可持续发展的目标。

  16. Green Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Shalini

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Green computing is all about using computers in a smarter and eco-friendly way. It is the environmentally responsible use of computers and related resources which includes the implementation of energy-efficient central processing units, servers and peripherals as well as reduced resource consumption and proper disposal of electronic waste .Computers certainly make up a large part of many people lives and traditionally are extremely damaging to the environment. Manufacturers of computer and its parts have been espousing the green cause to help protect environment from computers and electronic waste in any way.Research continues into key areas such as making the use of computers as energy-efficient as Possible, and designing algorithms and systems for efficiency-related computer technologies.

  17. Greening Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sihombing, Samuel

    2014-01-01

    For hundreds years, most of farmers in Indonesia have their own system of farming and they were so closed to the nature. Even farmers co-exist with nature by mutual need. The natural farming principal is done by a very stick ritual religious in every moment of their life. Farming is a part of faith. Unfortunately, this natural farming principal dramatically decreasead and even disappeared with the appereance of the green revolution policy which supported by the regime of Government.

  18. Project Management Plan/Progress Report UT/GTKS Training Program Development for Commercial Building Operators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2013-03-31

    Universidad del Turabo (UT), in a collaborative effort with Global Turn Key Services, Inc. (GTKS), proposed to develop a training program and a commercialization plan for the development of Commercial Building Operators (CBOs). The CBOs will operate energy efficient buildings to help maintain existing buildings up to their optimal energy performance level, and ensure that net-zero-energy buildings continuously operate at design specifications, thus helping achieve progress towards meeting BTP Strategic Goals of creating technologies and design approaches that enable net-zero-energy buildings at low incremental costs by 2025. The proposed objectives were then: (1) Develop a Commercial Building Operator (CBO) training program and accreditation that will in turn provide a certification to participants recognized by Accreditation Boards such as the North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (NABCEP) and Leadership in Energy & Environmental Designs (LEED). (2) Develop and implement a commercialization and sustainability plan that details marketing, deployment, financial characterization, job placement, and other goals required for long-term sustainability of the project after the funding period. (3) After program development and deployment, provide potential candidates with the knowledge and skill sets to obtain employment in the commercial building green energy (net-zero-energy building) job market. The developed CBO training program will focus on providing skills for participants, such as displaced and unemployed workers, to enter the commercial building green energy (net-zeroenergy building) job market. This course was designed to allow a participant with minimal to no experience in commercial building green technology to obtain the required skill sets to enter the job market in as little as 12 weeks of intensive multi-faceted learning. After completion of the course, the CBO staff concluded the participant will meet minimum established accreditation

  19. Green Gold

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main purpose of this work is to offer a general panoramic of the processes or experiences pilot that are carried out in the Project Green Gold, as strategy of environmental sustainability and organizational invigoration in Choco, especially in the 12 communities of the municipalities of Tado and Condoto. It is also sought to offer a minimum of information on the techniques of handmade production and to show the possibilities to carry out in a rational way the use and use of the natural resources. The Project Green Gold is carried out by the Corporation Green Gold (COV) and co-financed with resources of international and national character, the intervention of the financial resources it achievement mainly for the use of clean processes in the extraction stages and metals benefit. The project is centered primarily in the absence of use of products or toxic substances as the mercury, fair trade, organizational invigoration, execution of 11 approaches and certification of the metals Gold and Platinum. The COV, it has come executing the proposal from the year 2001 with the premise of contributing to the balance between the rational exploitation of the natural resources and the conservation of the environment in the Choco. In the project they are used technical handmade characteristic of the region framed inside the mining activity and production activities are diversified in the productive family units. Those producing with the support of entities of juridical character, specify the necessary game rules for the extraction and products commercialization

  20. A Comparison of the Green Building’s Criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahaudin A.Y.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Designers and clients alike are now emphasising on how to make their buildings green. Currently a lot of green councils worldwide are dealing with innovative ways to implement energy efficient new buildings. They have adopted various criteria and rating systems in an endeavour to classify buildings that contribute to environment sustainability, efficiency and users health. The aim of the paper is to present an overview of the criteria adopted by selected green building councils. This paper discusses five of the rating systems available in terms of their similarities and differences and proposes a new framework based on the project life cycle for the development of the green building criteria. Criteria during the construction phase of the building is certainly lacking such as pollution control in terms of CO2 emission, dust, and other pollutants.

  1. From green architecture to architectural green

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Earon, Ofri

    2011-01-01

    The paper investigates the topic of green architecture from an architectural point of view and not an energy point of view. The purpose of the paper is to establish a debate about the architectural language and spatial characteristics of green architecture. In this light, green becomes an adjective...... that describes the architectural exclusivity of this particular architecture genre. The adjective green expresses architectural qualities differentiating green architecture from none-green architecture. Currently, adding trees and vegetation to the building’s facade is the main architectural characteristics...... of green architecture. The paper argues that this greenification of facades is insufficient. The green is only a skin cladding the exterior envelope without having a spatial significance. Through the paper it is proposed to flip the order of words from green architecture to architectural green...

  2. How to build your own green laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daily, Jared; McLaughlin, Bonnie; Durfee, Dallin; Bergeson, Scott

    2003-05-01

    We describe a frequency-doubled diode-pumped solid-state laser at 532 nm. Our Z-cavity design uses a 30W fiber-coupled 808 nm pump laser, a Nd:YVO4 laser crystal, and an intracavity LBO doubling crystal. The laser produces more than 2W at 532 nm at a cost of around 3k$/W. Improvements in the design and comparison to other designs in the literature are discussed.

  3. Building a Business Case for Going Green

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Bill; Maldeis, Neil

    2011-01-01

    Community college enrollments usually rise during tough economic times and the recent recession and slow recovery are no exception. According to the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC), the number of students attending community colleges has grown dramatically in the last decade to about 12.4 million last fall. The AACC says that 1.4…

  4. Using (green) bricks and mortar for dialysis clinic construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bednar, Bob

    2011-03-01

    The completed dialysis unit demonstrates that building green means creating and using processes that are environmentally responsible and resource efficient throughout a building's life cycle. The common objective is that green buildings are designed to reduce the overall impact of the environment on human health and the natural environment by: using energy, water and other resources more efficiently; protecting patient health while improving staff productivity; reducing waste.

  5. Green shopping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, John

    2011-01-01

    Findings suggesting that consumers buy “green” products, such as organic foods, for selfish reasons are usually accepted at face value. In this article, the author argues that the evidence backing this claim is questionable and that it reflects post hoc rationalizations and self-presentation biases......’s beliefs about intangible private benefits in a way that justifies (bolsters) one’s purchasing decision. A survey study among a representative sample of approximately 4,000 respondents from four European countries (Denmark, Germany, United Kingdom, and Italy) confirmed that this is exactly what “green...

  6. Creating Respectful Classroom Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Regina; Pedro, Joan

    2006-01-01

    Respect is a critical variable in education. It is critical to each individual child in the classroom environment as well as to the teaching and learning that takes place in the classroom. Children learn by example. Where do they get their examples? This article explores the parameters of teaching and encouraging respect in classrooms for young…

  7. 创新城乡生态规划与绿色建筑理论研究与技术实践——清华大学城乡生态规划与绿色建筑教育部重点实验室实践%Innovative Theory Studies and Technical Practices in Urban-Rural Eco Planning and Green Building by the Key Laboratory of Urban-Rural Eco Planning & Green Building, Ministry of Education, Tsinghua University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹稚; 林波荣

    2011-01-01

    在我国快速城镇化可持续发展及改善人居环境建设大背景下,如何加快发展我国城乡生态规划和绿色建筑理论及技术,成为重要的需求。本文介绍了清华大学为此成立的城乡生态规划和绿色建筑教育部重点实验室基于上述需求在五个方面开展了全面的理论和技术研究的建设情况,过去三年的部分研究成果,以及未来发展的思路。%In order to meet the demand of the rapid urbanisation and to improve the environment in China’s human-settlements, the Key Laboratory of Urban-Rural Eco Planning Green Building, Ministry of Education, Tsinghua University was founded to study the innovative theory and practices for urban-rural eco planning and green building. The research aspects, practices, achievements in past three years and the future development directions of the key laboratory are introduced and discussed.

  8. 传统建筑与现代绿色节能建筑的融合*--以SDC2013厦门大学参赛作品为例%Fusion of Traditional and Modern Green Energy-saving Buildings:Taking the Team XIAU house of SDC2013 for example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛一冰; 张洁

    2014-01-01

    International Solar Decathlon Competition (SDC2013) is held in China. Entries of Xiamen University, Sunshine House, as the example, the spatial layout of the building, shading, lighting and venti-lation applicability strategy are expounded, the passive thermal insulation, solar energy utilization and in-telligent control technology are parsed, as well as the environmental handling of the building materials, wa-ter and garden greening. The traditional architecture will be integrated with the energy-efficient buildings by green energy science and technology. Pictures and data are analyzed in order to provide a good refer-ence for ideas and solutions for integration of traditional architecture and green energy-saving buildings in China.%以2013年在中国举行的国际太阳能十项全能竞赛(SDC2013)中厦门大学参赛作品阳光屋为例,对建筑空间布局、遮阳、采光及通风等适用性策略,被动式保温隔热、太阳能利用及智能控制等建筑节能技术,建筑材料、水与庭院绿化等环境处理手法三大方面进行解析,阐述了运用科学技术实现传统建筑与绿色节能建筑的融合方法。结合图片与数据分析,以期为我国传统建筑和绿色节能建筑的融合提供良好的思路与方案的借鉴。

  9. COST EFFECTIVENESS TO RESIDENTIAL BUILDING USING GREEN BUILDING APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.PaulMakesh

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study deals with developing a technique to replace the conventional solid concrete slab with hollow terracotta block slab. The objectives include development of an eco-friendly concrete slab with partial replacement of cement with fly ash and natural sand with quarry dust. The first task identified in this study deals with placing of terracotta hollow blocks below the neutral axis of the solid slab concrete portion towards reducing the volume of concrete (about 50 %, since the volume of concrete below the neutral axis isineffective, contributing nothing to the bending strength of the slab. The second task deals with the partial replacement of cement with fly ash, quarry dust and 6 mm chips above the neutral axis of the concrete slab. This paper presents the feasibility of the usage of by product materials like fly ash, quarry dust and 6 mm chips andto study the economic viability of the material and found that the cost has been lowered. From the above methodology it is possible to reduce the CO2 emission in atmosphere towards eco friendly construction technique. The use of fly ash in concrete contributes the reduction of greenhouse emissions with negative impacts on the economy. Tests were conducted on cubes and beams to study the strength of concrete for various combinations of fly ash and quarry dust.

  10. Energy Performance of Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiselberg, Per

    2007-01-01

    emissions in the coming years. By approving the Energy Performance in Buildings Directive the European Union has taken a strong leadership role in promoting energy efficiency in buildings in Europe, and the Directive will be the most powerful instrument developed to date for the building sector in Europe...... programme (ECCP) was established in June 2000 to help identify the most environmentally cost-effective measures enabling the EU to meet its target under the Kyoto Protocol, namely an 8% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 levels by 2012. Energy use in buildings accounts for almost half of all CO......-effective energy saving potential of between 22% and 40% of the energy consumption in the sector by the year 2020. The paper presents the European approach to improve sustainability in the building sector, which has a very high potential for considerable reduction of energy consumption and green house gas...

  11. Paraeducator Professional Development Curriculum. Module II: Building an Effective Instructional Team. Part Two: Assisting and Supporting the Teacher Through the Use of Effective Classroom Management and Effective Instructional Strategies. Trainer's Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory NWREL, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This two-day institute examines the basic concepts of effective classroom management techniques as well as the use of effective instructional strategies for all students that will help paraeducators to support effective learning and teaching environment. This module addresses two goals: (1) to provide participants with an awareness of basic…

  12. GREEN TEA FESTIVAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ What is the green tea? The green tea belongs to the type of non-fermenting tea, with a quality feature of "clear tea infusion with green leaves"; this type of tea has the biggest output in China, and the basic processing procedure of the green tea is divided into three steps: heating, rubbing and drying. According to the different processing technologies, the green tea is divided into fried green tea, baked green tea, steamed green tea and dried green tea. The steamed green tea is to heat the tea by steaming; to heat the tea by pan-frying can be divided into frying, baking and drying, which is called heating by frying, heating by baking and heating by drying. West LakeLongjing, Xinyang Maojian, Bi Luochun, and Sanbeixiang belong to fried green tea; Mount Huang Maofeng, Youjiyuluo, and Luhai pekoe belong to baked green tea;Enshiyulu belongs to steamed green tea.

  13. Green shipping management

    CERN Document Server

    Lun, Y H Venus; Wong, Christina W Y; Cheng, T C E

    2016-01-01

    This book presents theory-driven discussion on the link between implementing green shipping practices (GSP) and shipping firm performance. It examines the shipping industry’s challenge of supporting economic growth while enhancing environmental performance. Consisting of nine chapters, the book covers topics such as the conceptualization of green shipping practices (GSPs), measurement scales for evaluating GSP implementation, greening capability, greening and performance relativity (GPR), green management practice, green shipping network, greening capacity, and greening propensity. In view of the increasing quest for environment protection in the shipping sector, this book provides a good reference for firms to understand and evaluate their capability in carrying out green operations on their shipping activities.

  14. Green Manufacturing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patten, John

    2013-12-31

    Green Manufacturing Initiative (GMI): The initiative provides a conduit between the university and industry to facilitate cooperative research programs of mutual interest to support green (sustainable) goals and efforts. In addition to the operational savings that greener practices can bring, emerging market demands and governmental regulations are making the move to sustainable manufacturing a necessity for success. The funding supports collaborative activities among universities such as the University of Michigan, Michigan State University and Purdue University and among 40 companies to enhance economic and workforce development and provide the potential of technology transfer. WMU participants in the GMI activities included 20 faculty, over 25 students and many staff from across the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences; the College of Arts and Sciences' departments of Chemistry, Physics, Biology and Geology; the College of Business; the Environmental Research Institute; and the Environmental Studies Program. Many outside organizations also contribute to the GMI's success, including Southwest Michigan First; The Right Place of Grand Rapids, MI; Michigan Department of Environmental Quality; the Michigan Department of Energy, Labor and Economic Growth; and the Michigan Manufacturers Technical Center.

  15. GRID[subscript C] Renewable Energy Data Streaming into Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLuca, V. William; Carpenter, Pam; Lari, Nasim

    2010-01-01

    For years, researchers have shown the value of using real-world data to enhance instruction in mathematics, science, and social studies. In an effort to help develop students' higher-order thinking skills in a data-rich learning environment, Green Research for Incorporating Data in the Classroom (GRID[subscript C]), a National Science…

  16. The Basic Performance and Development Trend of Recycled Concrete as Green Building Materials%再生混凝土作为绿色建筑材料的基本性能与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲娟; 江昔平

    2014-01-01

    目前,我国基本建设速度不断加快,建筑面积不断扩大。然而,伴随着建筑物的新建、改造、拆除、重建,混凝土材料用量巨大,不仅造成了资源和能源的大量消耗,同时还造成了环境污染,直接影响人类的生产生活和可持续发展。再生混凝土作为一种绿色建筑材料,不仅可以从源头解决废弃混凝土的处理问题,同时节约了天然骨料资源,缓解了供需矛盾,极大地满足了可持续发展要求,具有显著的社会效益、经济效益和环保效益。本文通过对再生混凝土的基本性能的表述,阐明了其工程应用的可行性,并通过大量阅读、调查、整理关于再生混凝土的资料,进一步找出了再生混凝土的发展趋势,为后续研究提供理论保障。%At-present,-the-basic-construction-speed-of-our-country-accelerate-constantly,-the-construction-area-expands-un-ceasingly.-However,-along-with-the-new---built,-renovation,-demolition-and-reconstruction-of-the-buildings,-the-consumption-of-concrete-material-is-great,-which-not-only-brought-out-a-large-number-of-resources-and-energy-consumption,-but-also-caused-environment-pollution,-affected-human-life-and-sustainable-de-velopment-directly.-The-recycled-concrete-as-a-kind-of-green-building-materials,-on-the-one-hand,-can-solve-the-processing-problem-of-waste-concrete-from-the-source,-and-save-the-natural-aggregate-resources-at-the-same-time,-which-can-relieve-the-con-tradiction-between-supply-and-demand,-meet-the-requirement-of-the-sustainable-development-enormously,-and-would-have-signifi-cant-social-benefit,-economic-benefit-and-environmental-benefit.-This-paper-elaborated-the-basic-properties-of-the-recycled-con-crete,-illustrated-the-feasibility-of-its-engineering-application,-and-found-out-the-trend-of-the-recycled-concrete-through-reading, investigating-and-sorting-great-mass-of-recycled-concrete-data,-which-would-provide-theoretical-guarantee-for-further-research.

  17. Roof greening construction development in the future-On the development of building roof greening in Jiaxing suggestions%建筑屋顶绿化发展的未来--关于嘉兴市发展建筑屋顶绿化的建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈栋栋; 阮雪琴; 叶苏淼; 吴翌丹; 周宏杰

    2015-01-01

    The vigorous development of roof greening in Jiaxing wil give Jiaxing wil bring a new ecological city appearance. Describes the origin of roof greening, il ustrates the function of roof greening, roof greening were investigated and fine grass seed, the defects of the roof greening in Jia xing are studied, and some suggestions were put forward.%嘉兴屋顶绿化的蓬勃发展必定给嘉兴将带来一个全新的生态城市面貌。概括了屋顶绿化的起源,阐述了屋顶绿化的功能,进行了优良屋顶绿化草种的调查,对当前嘉兴屋顶绿化存在的不足进行了研究,并提出了建议。

  18. The Feasibility of Installing and Monitoring an Extensive Green Roof at Purdue University

    OpenAIRE

    Rogers, Kristin; Thurner, Kensey; Preisendanz, Heather; Davis, Amélie Y; Colony, Hollie; Schuster, Dan; Nies, Larry; Wilson, Kim

    2007-01-01

    The Boiler Green Initiative (BGI) is a student-run organization working to improve environmental sustainability at the Purdue University West Lafayette campus. A main goal of BGI's is to install a green roof on an existing building on campus that is being replaced. We discuss the benefits of green roofs, the feasibility of having one installed on the Armory's roof and the various monitoring options we have researched. Flat roofs are especially amenable to the green roof system, so a building ...

  19. Why Do Companies Rent Green? Real Property and Corporate Social Responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; John M. Quigley

    2010-01-01

    This paper provides the first systematic analysis of the choice by organizations to occupy green office space. We develop a framework of ecological responsiveness, and we formulate five propositions to explain why specific firms and industries may be more likely to lease green space. We test these propositions by analyzing the decisions of more than 11,000 tenants to choose office space in green buildings or in otherwise comparable non-green buildings located nearby. We find that corpora...

  20. Extensive Green Roof Ecological Benefits in Latvia

    OpenAIRE

    Rušenieks, Rihards; Kamenders, Agris

    2013-01-01

    Extensive green roof ecological benefits are studiedin this paper. The research contains a brief explanation aboutgreen roof technology and green roof ecological benefits. Greenroof capability to retain rainwater runoff by accumulating it instorage layers and conducting it back into the atmospherethrough evapotranspiration is studied and modeled. Modeling isdone in Stormwater Management Model 5.0 software. The modelis based on an existing warehouse-type building located in Rigaand hourly Riga...

  1. Towards Sustainable Building: Case Study on Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Marinoiu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to analyze the actual situation of the green buildings in our country but also the degree in which the real estate developers are involved in such projects. The study was conducted by combining a wide variety of sources, such as regulations, position papers, as well as articles and research reports. The results of the research show that the market for green buildings in Romania is at an early stage of development however, there are prerequisites for its development. In the future, green building will become the standard in the construction industry.

  2. Green Phosphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Vijay; Chakradhar, R. P. S.; Rao, J. L.; Dhoble, S. J.; Kim, S. H.

    2014-11-01

    Manganese-doped LaMgAl11O19 powder has been prepared by an easy combustion method. Powder x-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy have been used to characterize the as-prepared phosphor. The electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrum of LaMgAl11O19:Mn2+ phosphor exhibits six-line hyperfine structure centered at g ≈ 1.973. The number of spins participating in resonance ( N) and the paramagnetic susceptibility ( χ) for the resonance signal at g ≈ 1.973 have been calculated as a function of temperature. The photoluminescence spectrum exhibits green emission at 516 nm, which is attributed to 4T1 → 6A1 transition of Mn2+ ions. From EPR and luminescence studies, it is observed that Mn2+ ions occupy Mg2+ sites and Mn2+ ions are located at tetrahedral sites in the prepared phosphors.

  3. Central Region Green Infrastructure

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This Green Infrastructure data is comprised of 3 similar ecological corridor data layers ? Metro Conservation Corridors, green infrastructure analysis in counties...

  4. From Platinum to Three Stars:Comparative Analysis of U.S. and China Green Building Rating Programs%从白金预认证到三星级:中美绿色建筑分等评级程序的比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑昕; John Romankiewicz; 周南; 冯威; 叶青

    2014-01-01

    2011年,作为全球最大能源使用国以及二氧化碳排放国,中美的建筑业所消耗的能源分别占到全国能源总消耗量的25%和40%。在建筑节能领域,绿色建筑的出现为消除建筑业所带来的对能源以及环境的负面影响提供了解决方法。为了促进绿色建筑的市场转型,推进设计和施工的差异化,中美均制定了国家绿色建筑分等评级程序以及配套政策。1998年,美国绿色建筑协会首次推出能源与环境先导设计(LEED),而中国政府则于2008年建立了中国绿色建筑评价标识(GBEL)。本文对美国LEED与中国GBEL评级程序、流程、评分系统以及扶持政策作了对比分析,研究发现,虽然两国所采用的绿色建筑设计以及操作评级程序的评分等级较为相似,它们在项目管理、评分要求和分配以及扶持政策类型等方面存在差异。美国能源与环境先导设计是由建筑产业利益相关者委员会制定并实施管理的。判断是否达到认证水平的灵活性更高。中国绿色建筑评价标识则是由政府操控的。判断是否达到评级水平的要求更为严格。但是,中国政府将在2014年下半年对中国绿色建筑评价标识的评级程序作出修正。本文对评级程序以及扶植政策的相似点以及差异是如何影响绿色建筑技术以及市场的发展作了分析,还讨论了绿色建筑未来发展可能面临的挑战以及政策导向意义。%In 2011, the building sector in U.S. and China, the two largest global energy users and CO2 emitters, consumed 40%and 25%of national total energy, respectively. Within the building energy efficiency realm, green buildings are emerging as a way to help reduce buildings’ energy and environmental impacts. To promote the market transformation of green buildings and differentiate design and performance, U.S. and China have both developed national green building rating programs and

  5. 轻负高质背景下任务型英语幸福课堂的构建%Building Task-based Happy Classroom of English Teaching on the Condition of Light Burden and High-quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹雄

    2012-01-01

    This article from the task-based teaching approach, focuses on the cultivation of students' autonomous English learning habits, and strives to Create a light burden high quality new teaching situa- tion, tries to create the classroom atmosphere which is conducive to students to gain the confidence and to grow up successfully. This paper describes task-based teaching, classroom content of happiness, pays at- tention to the task-based English happy classroom construction from the four aspects of composition, pro- cess, evaluation and effect, and actively explores to promote the reform of Enzlish class teaching.%本文从任务型教学入手,着力培养学生自主自助的英语学习习惯,努力创建轻负高质的新型教学情境,尽力打造有利于学生获得自信满足幸福感的课堂氛围,促进学生成长成才。本文阐述了任务型教学、幸福课堂的内涵,并重点从构成、流程、评价、成效四方面进行任务型英语幸福课堂构建,积极探索推动英语课堂教学改革。

  6. Green building design method based on BIM technique: Case study of the Nanning urban plan exhibition center%基于BIM技术的绿色建筑设计方法——以南宁市城市规划展示馆为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李延钊; 林超楠

    2012-01-01

    With the project example, presents the design method. Based on BIM technique combined with the green building analysis software, simulates and analyses the optimal design of solar radiation, natural lighting, natural ventilation and noise control.%以该工程为例,介绍了基于BIM技术手段的绿色建筑设计方法.利用BIM技术,结合绿色建筑分析软件,模拟分析了太阳辐射、自然采光、自然通风以及噪声方面的优化设计.

  7. Plant Landscape Design in Special Space of Ecological Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guoyong; ZHANG; Xiaogang; CHEN

    2014-01-01

    This paper mainly discussed the application of plant landscape design in special space of ecological buildings. From the concept of special space of ecological buildings,it elaborated social and ecological benefits of greening projects in special space. It proposed the classification method for special space of ecological building with habitat as the major part and combined with characteristics of building form. On the basis of such classification,it discussed green design method and plant selection principle,in the hope of providing certain reference for garden designers in green design of ecological buildings.

  8. Evaluating performance of a Bluetooth-based classroom tool

    OpenAIRE

    Davidrajuh, Reggie

    2009-01-01

    This paper focuses on the performance evaluation of a Bluetooth wireless technology based classroom tool. The classroom tool is to help lecturers automate their assignment tests. First, a testing prototype of the tool is presented; the testing prototype uses one master device and two slave devices on Pico-net. As it will be expensive to build prototype for a large class, simulation study is done to evaluate performance of the tool for large classes. The simulation study reveals ...

  9. Teaching Climate Science in Non-traditional Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strybos, J.

    2015-12-01

    San Antonio College is the oldest, largest and centrally-located campus of Alamo Colleges, a network of five community colleges based around San Antonio, Texas with a headcount enrollment of approximately 20,000 students. The student population is diverse in ethnicity, age and income; and the Colleges understand that they play a salient role in educating its students on the foreseen impacts of climate change. This presentation will discuss the key investment Alamo Colleges has adopted to incorporate sustainability and climate science into non-traditional classrooms. The established courses that cover climate-related course material have historically had low enrollments. One of the most significant challenges is informing the student population of the value of this class both in their academic career and in their personal lives. By hosting these lessons in hands-on simulations and demonstrations that are accessible and understandable to students of any age, and pursuing any major, we have found an exciting way to teach all students about climate change and identify solutions. San Antonio College (SAC) hosts the Bill R. Sinkin Eco Centro Community Center, completed in early 2014, that serves as an environmental hub for Alamo Colleges' staff and students as well as the San Antonio community. The center actively engages staff and faculty during training days in sustainability by presenting information on Eco Centro, personal sustainability habits, and inviting faculty to bring their classes for a tour and sustainability primer for students. The Centro has hosted professors from diverse disciplines that include Architecture, Psychology, Engineering, Science, English, Fine Arts, and International Studies to bring their classes to center to learn about energy, water conservation, landscaping, and green building. Additionally, Eco Centro encourages and assists students with research projects, including a solar-hydroponic project currently under development with the support

  10. Building trust

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Activate' is the energy magazine for secondary schools and is part of the Education Programme which is managed on behalf of the British Nuclear Industry Forum by AEA Technology. activate is the flagship communication device between the British Nuclear Industry Forum's Education Programme and secondary schools in the UK. It was developed from a previous publication, Nuclear Bulletin. There is a need for the nuclear industry to build trust with teachers and students in the UK, where for a long time, everything that the industry has said, written or printed has been disregarded by school teachers as propaganda. Over the last few years the industry has put in a great deal of effort to position itself as a provider of educationally sound and socially acceptable information. 'Activate' was an evolution of this idea and there was a hole in the market for a lively, activity and article based magazine that could be used in the classroom. The target audience is principally teachers of science, mathematics and geography, but also includes teachers of art,, English and history with students of between 11 and 18. The results were very positive in that teachers appreciated the colourful and lively nature of activate and they felt that it provided information and opinions in an un biased and non-propagandist way. Their comments about layout, number of activities style of presentation were taken into account and during the summer of 1994 activate was remodelled ready for re launch in September. The feedback so far is good with more teachers signing up every week to receive their own free copy

  11. Green roofs provide habitat for urban bats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.L. Parkins

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Understanding bat use of human-altered habitat is critical for developing effective conservation plans for this ecologically important taxon. Green roofs, building rooftops covered in growing medium and vegetation, are increasingly important conservation tools that make use of underutilized space to provide breeding and foraging grounds for urban wildlife. Green roofs are especially important in highly urbanized areas such as New York City (NYC, which has more rooftops (34% than green space (13%. To date, no studies have examined the extent to which North American bats utilize urban green roofs. To investigate the role of green roofs in supporting urban bats, we monitored bat activity using ultrasonic recorders on four green and four conventional roofs located in highly developed areas of NYC, which were paired to control for location, height, and local variability in surrounding habitat and species diversity. We then identified bat vocalizations on these recordings to the species level. We documented the presence of five of nine possible bat species over both roof types: Lasiurus borealis, L. cinereus, L. noctivagans, P. subflavus,andE. fuscus. Of the bat calls that could be identified to the species level, 66% were from L. borealis. Overall levels of bat activity were higher over green roofs than over conventional roofs. This study provides evidence that, in addition to well documented ecosystem benefits, urban green roofs contribute to urban habitat availability for several North American bat species.

  12. Researching the Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆军

    2014-01-01

    This paper explains how any teacher can do their own classroom research as a part of their normal teaching. In order to research the classroom,it reviews some teacher’s questions in the classroom.After introducing two ways of researching :research by thinking and research by experimenting ,the paper analyses the reasons and shows some methods to solve the problems. This will determine the shape of what is done in the classroom exactly.It’s helpful for the teachers to have lessons every day.

  13. Contribution of promoting the green residence assessment scheme to energy saving

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green residence development has been one of the important strategies for promoting sustainable urban development. Governments throughout the world have been encouraging property developers to deliver green properties. In line with this development, governments have been implementing various assessment programs to certify green residential buildings with the aim of contributing to sustainable urban development. With reference to the Chinese construction practice, this paper examines the effectiveness of the green residence assessment scheme toward its defined aim through investigating the contents and procedures of the green residence assessment scheme by referring to the practices of Chongqing city in western China. Based on the results of five case studies and five semi-structured interviews, this study reveals the significant contribution from implementing the green residence assessment scheme particularly to energy saving in residential buildings. Further, the green residence assessment scheme promotes the application of green building materials and green construction technologies in the entire process of delivering and operating residential buildings. The findings provide valuable references for further investigating alternative methods to achieve better energy saving in developing residential buildings. - Highlights: ► Energy saving in residence development is important for sustainable urban development. ► Green residence assessment scheme contributes significantly to energy saving in residences. ► Green residence assessment promotes application of environmentally friendly building materials and technologies

  14. Baijing Ready for Green Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Beijing will soon become the focus of attention in the world for hosting the 2008 Olympic Games that is scheduled to open in early August. From design and construction to operation, the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad (BOCGO) has stipulated that all buildings be in accordance with the "Green Olympics" philosophy, focusing on energy-saving buildings, ecological preservation, sustainable use of resources and use of environmentally friendly construction materials.

  15. Opportunities and challenges of nanotechnology in the green economy

    OpenAIRE

    Iavicoli, Ivo; Leso, Veruscka; Ricciardi, Walter; Hodson, Laura L; Mark D. Hoover

    2014-01-01

    In a world of finite resources and ecosystem capacity, the prevailing model of economic growth, founded on ever-increasing consumption of resources and emission pollutants, cannot be sustained any longer. In this context, the “green economy” concept has offered the opportunity to change the way that society manages the interaction of the environmental and economic domains. To enable society to build and sustain a green economy, the associated concept of “green nanotechnology” aims to exploit ...

  16. 适应于绿色建筑的环境设计与模拟的虚拟风洞试验的应用与实践%Virtual Wind Tunnel Testing Application and Practices for Green Building Environment Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楼海烨; 江清源; Phil Lou

    2015-01-01

    Some necessary considerations about thermal-fluid dynamics related environment design of green buildings are described.In most cases, the environmental problems concerned in building design are dealing with larger building spaces, which appears that a physical testing or verification of a theoretical /norm calculation becomes technically difficult or unrealistic due to the allowed time or budget of the project.Therefore, as a new tool, a simulation system with acceptable engineering accuracy and precision will play an essential and reliable role to facilitate environmental design for green building.A significant engineering practices with computational fluid dynamics based virtual wind tunnel has proved that such a system with specially designed features, functions, validated accuracies and productivities can fulfill most of the required tasks in green building environment design.These requirements include the newly issued China national standard GB/T 50378-2014:Assessment standard for green building, some local green building assessment standards and also those have been used in green building in other countries but have not yet adopted by those current new standards in China.The items related to the Assessment standard for green building, which can be simulated and tested by virtual wind tunnel, are summarized in the paper.The relationships be-tween these items and the others that can further support higher quality environment design are discussed in forms with comparison, to re-solve problems in three levels.Some examples that experienced environmental issues in modern building design are given to address the im-portance of discovering and resolving environmental problem in early stage.%本文针对现代绿色建筑的环境设计要求介绍了流体热力学相关的环境设计中所需考虑的一些问题。由于此类环境问题常常涉及较大型建筑的内外空间,使得试验和验证在技术上实现起来会比较困难,或不能在所需

  17. INL High Performance Building Strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jennifer D. Morton

    2010-02-01

    High performance buildings, also known as sustainable buildings and green buildings, are resource efficient structures that minimize the impact on the environment by using less energy and water, reduce solid waste and pollutants, and limit the depletion of natural resources while also providing a thermally and visually comfortable working environment that increases productivity for building occupants. As Idaho National Laboratory (INL) becomes the nation’s premier nuclear energy research laboratory, the physical infrastructure will be established to help accomplish this mission. This infrastructure, particularly the buildings, should incorporate high performance sustainable design features in order to be environmentally responsible and reflect an image of progressiveness and innovation to the public and prospective employees. Additionally, INL is a large consumer of energy that contributes to both carbon emissions and resource inefficiency. In the current climate of rising energy prices and political pressure for carbon reduction, this guide will help new construction project teams to design facilities that are sustainable and reduce energy costs, thereby reducing carbon emissions. With these concerns in mind, the recommendations described in the INL High Performance Building Strategy (previously called the INL Green Building Strategy) are intended to form the INL foundation for high performance building standards. This revised strategy incorporates the latest federal and DOE orders (Executive Order [EO] 13514, “Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance” [2009], EO 13423, “Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management” [2007], and DOE Order 430.2B, “Departmental Energy, Renewable Energy, and Transportation Management” [2008]), the latest guidelines, trends, and observations in high performance building construction, and the latest changes to the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

  18. 绿色思维与绿色海洋社会建设%Green Thought and Green Marine Society Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张开城

    2012-01-01

    21世纪的海洋开发与建设要走绿色发展的道路,坚持绿色思维,建设绿色海洋社会.绿色海洋社会建设是政府主导下全社会参与的系统工程,包括绿色海洋资源建设、绿色海洋产业建设和绿色海洋社区建设等.%To develop and construct the 2151 century marine, it will go green development, and adhere to green thinking, and construct green marine community. Green Marine is a social construction under the guidance of the whole society to participate in the government systems engineering, marine resources, including green building, green building and green ocean marine industry community building.

  19. Thermal Behavior of Green Roofs Applied to Tropical Climate

    OpenAIRE

    Grace Tibério Cardoso; Francisco Vecchia

    2013-01-01

    The main goal of this paper is to present results on an experimental field about the green roofs thermal behavior, compared to other traditional roof covering systems. On the one hand, it intends to describe shortly the constructive system of a green roof with a lightweight building system, which has a sustainable building materials character and, on the other, it worries with the water reuse and with the run-off delay. The main methodological procedure adopted to study the thermal behavior o...

  20. 借助小组合作学习模式构建高效初中数学课堂%With Group Cooperative Learning Model to Build Efficient Junior Middle School Mathematics Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦刚友

    2014-01-01

    The new junior middle school mathematics curriculum standards states:“effective mathematics learning activities can not simply rely on imitation and memory, hands-on, self-exploration and cooperation exchange is an important way of learning mathematics.”Visible, group cooperative learning model is the new curriculum reform since one of the three learning modes. So, in teaching, teachers should conscientiously implement the model, we must continue to inject new vitality into the classroom in order to ensure the smooth realization of efficient mathematics classroom.%《义务教育数学课程标准》指出:“有效的数学学习活动不能单纯地依赖模仿与记忆,动手实践、自主探索与合作交流是学生学习数学的重要方式。”可见,小组合作学习模式是新课程改革以来三大学习模式之一。所以,在教学中,教师要认真贯彻落实该模式,要不断给课堂注入新的活力,以确保高效数学课堂的顺利实现。