WorldWideScience

Sample records for city district corps

  1. Boundaries - US Army Corps of Engineers - St. Paul District (MVP) Civil Works

    Data.gov (United States)

    Army Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, Department of Defense — The US Army Corps of Engineers - St. Paul District Civil Works boundary. Boundary is based on 1:24k watershed data and coordination with MVR to determine shared...

  2. School Districts, City of Hutchinson School Districts polygon layer, Published in 2004, City of Hutchinson.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2004. It is described as 'City of Hutchinson School Districts polygon...

  3. Zhengdong New District: A Water City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    ON April 12, 2002, at the Yuda World Trade Building, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, a signing ceremony for the first group of developers to enter Zhengdong New District was in progress. Government officials announced, "In the years to come, Zhengdong New District will be a government focus.

  4. 75 FR 58432 - Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, Portland, OR and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-24

    ..., Portland, OR and University of Oregon Museum of Natural and Cultural History, Eugene, OR AGENCY: National... Natural and Cultural History, Eugene, OR, and U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers... Museum of Natural and Cultural History and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District,...

  5. Election Districts and Precincts, City Council districts, Published in 2005, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2005. It is described as 'City Council districts'....

  6. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1981

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1981 calendar year. The report begins by giving a brief introduction to the district,...

  7. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1980

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1980 calendar year. The report begins by giving a brief introduction to the district,...

  8. Zoning Districts, City of Hutchinson Planning Zones District polygon layer, Published in 2003, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Hutchinson.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2003. It is described as 'City...

  9. Police Districts, 3 City of Hutchinson Police Districts and Beats polygon layers, Published in 2005, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Hutchinson.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Police Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2005. It is described as '3 City...

  10. 75 FR 50010 - Atchison Casting Corp. (n/k/a Bradken-Atchison/St. Joseph, Inc.), CityFed Financial Corp., Divine...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-16

    ..., Inc. (n/k/a Enivid, Inc.), Genesis Worldwide, Inc., Hampton Consulting Corp., and Jake's Pizza... accurate information concerning the securities of Jake's Pizza International, Inc. because it has not...

  11. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Fiscal year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by giving a description of the area, status of the...

  12. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1973

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1973 calendar year. The report begins by giving a description of the area, status of...

  13. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1994

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1994 calendar year. The report begins with a...

  14. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1992

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1992 calendar year. The report begins with a...

  15. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1995

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1995 calendar year. The report begins with a...

  16. Government Districts, Other, City trash cleanup zones, Published in 2006, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Government Districts, Other dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2006. It is described as 'City trash cleanup zones'. Data...

  17. The Policy Implementation in Development Water Front City in District Senapelan Pekanbaru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panca Setyo Prihatin

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Structuring urban areas, especially the Pekanbaru City, is necessary given the problem of development of Pekanbaru City is more and more complex and highly in need of a better arrangement, especially concerning on the improvement of the environment (Water Front City in Siak River surroundings. This is a descriptive qualitative research with population sample of the Office of Settlement and Regional Infrastructure of Pekanbaru City, Senapelan District Government, NGOs, community leaders, and private parties. Data are collected through interview, observation and documentation, which is then analyzed using qualitative analysis technique. This research finds that the policy of the development of Water Front City at Village Kampung Baru sub-district Senapelan Pekanbaru is not implemented optimally. This situation can be seen through a variety of indicators related to the implementation of development policies of Water Front City at Village Kampung Baru sub-district Senapelan Pekanbaru in that the effect of interest policies, benefits, desire for change, the process of decision-making, implementing programs and supporting resources have not been implemented effectively. The curbing factors in implementing development policies in the District Water Front City Senapelan Pekanbaru are mostly due to the lack of human resources, process of compensation and other inadequate financing, and managerial instruments that are unsupported to the implementation of development programs of Water Front City at Village Kampung Baru sub-district Senapelan Pekanbaru.

  18. Major Grain Growers in Jiaojiang District,Taizhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zuda; BAO; Yangdong; DING; Xiaping; DAI; Lang; XU

    2013-01-01

    Based on the survey data of major grain growers in Jiaojiang District,we make a thorough inquiry into the current situation and various problems concerning major grain growers in this district,explore the factors that affect major grain growers’ operation behavior,and set forth corresponding countermeasures for solving these problems and promoting further development.

  19. Cluster Analysis of the Agricultural Economic Development in the Districts and Counties of Qingyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhongya; MA

    2014-01-01

    From the perspective of economic growth,agricultural development,the development of township enterprises and farmers’ income,we select 11 indicators to build the evaluation indicator system for the agricultural economic development in the districts and counties of Qingyang City. Using data processing and SPSS13. 0 statistical software,we carry out the cluster analysis of the level of economic development in the districts and counties,and divide the level of agricultural economic development of these districts and counties into three economic gradients in descending order:(i) The first gradient: Xifeng;(ii) The second gradient: Qingchi and Huachi;(iii) The third gradient: Huanxian,Heshui,Zhengning,Ningxian and Zhenyuan. The study results systematically reflect the level of agricultural economic development in the districts and counties,and point out the status of the districts and counties in Qingyang’s agricultural economic development. Finally we put forth the corresponding recommendations.

  20. Entropic Management: Restructuring District Office Culture in the New York City Department of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Fanon John

    2014-01-01

    Although a growing body of literature is produced on reform of urban school districts, few studies examine shifts in the culture of managers resulting from reorganization in these bureaucracies. This article engages an analysis of central office managerial culture in the New York City Department of Education during a culminating moment of district…

  1. A new district heating system in the city of Bolanzo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mazzocato, Alessandro; Li, Hongwei; Marchiori, S.

    2014-01-01

    In the context of the EU project “Sinfonia”, that aims to reduce Bolzano’s primary energy consumption up to 40%, SEL AG, an Italian energy company is planning to extend the existing district heating and cooling (DHC) network and explore strategies to improve efficiency, environmental, and economic...... performance. This research aims to assess the potential energy saving of temperature and peak heating load reduction in the Bolzano’s DHC network. Historical performance data from district heating (DH) users were collected and residential building were classified based on construction year and energy...... and peak heat load was evaluated by creating different temperature night setback scenarios. Results indicate that the temperature supply level could be decreased on the consumers’ side up to 60 °C, without significantly affecting people comfort. Moreover night setback strategies produced a reasonable...

  2. ANALYSIS ON ABSORPTION OF TELKOMAS REGION, BIRINGKANAYA DISTRICT, MAKASSAR CITY

    OpenAIRE

    Patanduk, Johannes

    2008-01-01

    Abstract: City of Makassar with a total population of approximately 1.3 million people has a fairly rapid process of urbanization, seen from the rampant development in the suburbs. Coefficient changes the basic building the greater the likely impact of the lack of green open spaces and groundwater catchment area. Gradually the surface condition of ground water will decrease and the external impact on other areas surrounding the lower. With the condition of the catchment area t...

  3. Business improvement districts as a management instrument for city center’s regeneration in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radosavljević Uroš

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Urban regeneration and economic development in the context of competitive global markets and impacts to Serbian cities represent challenges calling for new responses for transformative action in urban governance. Policy-makers understanding of that relation may contribute to suitable use of policy instruments for creating good business environment in cites. Business improvement districts (BIDs represent possible model used as a management instrument for fostering local economic development, city promotion and improving the quality of urban public space and life. The paper presents theoretical approaches of policy instruments use and sets recommendations for management of BIDs based on two cases of city center’s regeneration in Serbia. We argue that for BIDs to be a useful model for city center’s regeneration, an appropriate use and combination of regulatory, economic and informational management instruments is necessary. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR 36035: Spatial, Environmental, Energy and Social Aspects of Development of Settlements and Climate Change

  4. Entomological Condition and Control Efforts in Dengue Endemic Area of Baros Sub-District Sukabumi City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heni Prasetyowati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Baros sub-district contribute high incidence rate of dengue fever in Sukabumi city. To determine the level of transmission risk of dengue fever from entomological condition aspect, it’s required to do the entomological survey and interview about control efforts with the aim of identifying entomological factors at Baros sub-district and dengue control efforts in that area. Population for the survey and interview on entomological control efforts are all community group or Rukun Warga (RW in endemic area in Baros sub-district. Samples for survey are house/building at sub-district Baros RW 11. Interviewed respondent was a person whose stays in the building. Interviews were conducted using a questionnaire by visiting the respondent. Entomology data were collected through pre adult mosquitoes surveys. The results show that vector control made by RW 11 Baros sub-district are grouped into cultural, physical, biological, chemical, role and control in an integrated manner, with the highest type of control measures is an integrated control (37.6%. Indicators of entomology is HI = 33.98%, CI = 11.1%, BI = 45.63% . Based on the CI indicator, RW 11 sub-district Baros has a density figure 4, while the indicator based on HI and BI, has a density figure 6. This suggests that this region has a moderate risk of transmission to the spread of dengue disease.

  5. Sustainable development in city districts - BaLaLuZ project; Schlussbericht Raumplanung - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bosshart, F.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This introductory paper sets the scene for further detailed reports. In these papers, developments in the four districts are examined from various points of view. Criteria and measures for their development are looked at as well as their usage for living, shopping and working along with leisure activities. Mobility aspects and sports facilities are also examined. In this series, the ecological aspects of building, mobility and town planning are looked at along with business and social aspects.

  6. Building an eco-effective district heating management system in a city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gitelman Leonid

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of making the urban environment safer amid increasing human impact adds to the importance of district heating management. The article outlines the results of a study into the problem of improving the urban environment by implementing two innovative solutions. Technological innovations imply the introduction of modern sustainable tools of reducing emissions in district heating networks, one of them being the combination of district heating and combined heat and power plants (a case study of Turin. Organizational innovations are built upon the management of demand for thermal energy that makes it possible to reduce investment in new construction and to optimize the architecture of heat load schedules for the purpose of alleviating energy and environmental pressure on the city. The authors propose formats and areas of demand side management for thermal energy and methods of offering economic incentives to program participants.

  7. Development of Urban Agriculture: A Case Study of Qianjin Village, Jiangxia District, Wuhan City

    OpenAIRE

    Guan, Bo; Shu, Chang-jun

    2012-01-01

    We take the case of Qianjin Village, Jiangxia District, Wuhan City, to research how to establish the system of urban agriculture with distinctive features relying on the advantage of urban resources. Under the guidance of guiding ideology, basic principles and overall objectives of urban agriculture development planning, we analyze the specific construction planning of urban agriculture in Qianjin Village, mainly including the construction of growing areas and construction of leisure areas. T...

  8. CREATIVE BUZZ DISTRICTS IN SMART CITIES: URBAN RETRO-FITTING AND URBAN FORWARD-FITTING PLANS

    OpenAIRE

    Karima Kourtit; Peter Nijkamp

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a new methodology for evaluating ‘urban buzz’ districts as part of a general urban rehabilitation policy, in which forward-fitting plans are incorporated and play a key role. Such plans are part of smart city initiatives based on a blend of creativeness and intelligence. The so-called decompositional evaluation method based on a multicriteria analysis is illustrated for a case study in Amsterdam, viz. the NDSM area.

  9. Economic and technical analysis of retrofit to cogenerating district energy systems: North-Central cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santini, D.J.; Davis, A.A.; Marder, S.M.

    1979-06-01

    Six major US cities (Washington, DC, St. Louis, Cleveland, Milwaukee, Detroit, and Chicago) were studied to achieve reasonably accurate estimates of costs required to retrofit them with district energy systems. Demand estimates and energy-supply analyses are made, and component capital costs are estimated to arrive at annualized system costs. Finally, a comparison of alternative energy delivery options is made, and estimates of scarce-fuel savings are derived.

  10. Integrated model for characterization of spatiotemporal building energy consumption patterns in neighborhoods and city districts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A model to describe spatiotemporal building energy demand patterns was developed. • The model integrates existing methods in urban and energy planning domains. • The model is useful to analyze energy efficiency strategies in neighborhoods. • Applicability in educational, urban and energy planning practices was found. - Abstract: We introduce an integrated model for characterization of spatiotemporal building energy consumption patterns in neighborhoods and city districts. The model addresses the need for a comprehensive method to identify present and potential states of building energy consumption in the context of urban transformation. The focus lies on determining the spatiotemporal variability of energy services in both standing and future buildings in the residential, commercial and industrial sectors. This detailed characterization facilitates the assessment of potential energy efficiency measures at the neighborhood and city district scales. In a novel approach we integrated existing methods in urban and energy planning domains such as spatial analysis, dynamic building energy modeling and energy mapping to provide a comprehensive, multi-scale and multi-dimensional model of analysis. The model is part of a geographic information system (GIS), which serves as a platform for the allocation and future dissemination of spatiotemporal data. The model is validated against measured data and a peer model for a city district in Switzerland. In this context, we present practical applications in the analysis of energy efficiency measures in buildings and urban zoning. We furthermore discuss potential applications in educational, urban and energy planning practices

  11. Differential Staffing Patterns with Job Analyses and Operational Procedures for Salt Lake City School District Media Centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodkin, Katherine Story

    Duties of the staff of media centers in the Salt Lake City School District and an analysis of task performances by position are listed. Positions included are: (1) head of the school media center/school media specialist, (2) school media center technician, (3) school media center aide, and (4) student aides. Twenty general district operational…

  12. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Society; Schlussbericht 'Gesellschaft' - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arend, M.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This paper takes a look at society aspects in the four districts and examines the factors that influence the sustainable development of the districts. Topics discussed include basic residential needs, safety, health, and supply along with culture and education. Also examined are the possible topics equality and fairness and participation along with geographical reference and neighbourhood relations. A project for this area of investigation is suggested.

  13. 75 FR 25310 - Port Harbor Railroad, Inc.-Lease and Operation Exemption-Line of Tri-City Regional Port District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-07

    ... Surface Transportation Board Port Harbor Railroad, Inc.--Lease and Operation Exemption--Line of Tri-City Regional Port District Port Harbor Railroad, Inc. (Port Harbor), a noncarrier, has filed a verified notice of exemption under 49 CFR 1150.31 to lease from Tri- City Regional Port District (Tri-City), and...

  14. Evaluation of integration of solar energy into the district heating system of the city of Velika Gorica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Andreu Javier

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the current situation the district heating system supplies the 32% of the total thermal consumption in the City of Velika Gorica. The main issue in the district heating system is the utilization of 14 small and distributed heat plants, each providing heat to a separate and individually disconnected heating grid. Reduction of costs and CO2 emissions can be reached with a high penetration of renewable sources. The aim of this paper is to evaluate and design the integration of a Central Solar Heating Plant with Seasonal Storage into the district heating system of the City. An economic assessment was made with a pessimistic and an optimistic prediction of the solar heat cost for ground mounted collectors and roof mounted collectors. The seasonal storage was chosen to be pit thermal energy storage; the system was modeled as a low-temperature district heating system with the real thermal demands of a district heating plant.

  15. Spatial Pattern Change Simulation of Land Use in Yongchuan District of Chongqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Riming; WANG; Xingyao; XIONG

    2015-01-01

    In order to study the county scale land use structure during the rapid urbanization and more accurately grasp the dynamic process of land use and cover change,we combine GIS technology with CLUE-S model to research the spatial pattern change of land use in Yongchuan District of Chongqing City. The results show that the forest and farmland were main land use types going through changes in Yongchuan District during 2000-2010,accounting for more than 90% of the total area in each year; during 2000- 2010,the urban area was significantly increased,an increase of 16. 11%,and the urban area during 2005- 2010 was changed more dramatically than during 2000- 2005; forest area was slightly increased and farmland area was reduced by 1660 ha in 10 years. We set three scenarios on land use change in Yongchuan District for simulation and compare the predicted results. It can be concluded that driven by rapid urbanization,the change in land use landscape pattern in Yongchuan District is mainly focused on forest and farmland,the urban area is substantially increased,and the forest area also shows an increasing trend while the farmland area is reduced accordingly. Under ecological protection scenarios,the land use type having a protective effect on the ecological environment achieves better control effect.

  16. Research or "Cheerleading"? Scholarship on Community School District 2, New York City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lois Weiner

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available This article examines data on student achievement and school demographics not explored by the researchers who have promoted Community School District 2 (CSD 2 as a model of urban school reform that should be replicated elsewhere. Data on achievement indicate a remarkable degree of social and racial stratification among CSD 2's schools and levels of achievement that closely correlate with race, ethnicity, and poverty. In addition, when CSD 2's scores on state and city tests of mathematics are compared with results from CSD 25 in Queens, a school district that serves a population demographically similar, the superiority of its functioning becomes questionable. The article explains why the design of research on CSD 2 illustrates the perils to both research and policy when university-based researchers assume the role of “cheerleader” (Cuban, 1988, promoting reforms they have aided in implementing and assessing.

  17. Location - Managed Facility - St. Paul District (MVP)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Army Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, Department of Defense — St. Paul District - US Army Corps of Engineers Managed Facility locations. District headquarters, Natural Resource, Recreation, Lock and Dam, and Regulatory offices...

  18. Costs of urban area retrofit to district heating and cooling systems: north-central cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santini, D J; Davis, A A; Marder, S M

    1978-03-01

    This study considers the major urbanized areas of six U.S. cities (Washington, D.C.; St. Louis; Cleveland; Milwaukee; Detroit; Chicago) to arrive at reasonably accurate estimates of costs required to retrofit them with district heating and cooling systems. Only costs associated with heating and hot water are addressed here. Demand estimates and energy-supply analyses are made, and component capital costs are estimated to arrive at annualized system costs. Finally, a comparison of alternative energy-delivery options is made, and estimates of scarce-fuel savings are derived. 39 refs., 12 figs., 14 tables.

  19. New-generation Migrant Workers’ Urban Adaptation: A Case Study of Jianggan District in Hangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei; SU; Bo; LI; Jianyi; HUANG; Zhimei; LI; Jiamiao; ZENG

    2015-01-01

    New-generation migrant workers are the " elite" among migrant workers,and whether they can really adapt to the city is one of the real problems to be urgently solved during China’s new urbanization,related to the success of new urbanization construction. From the perspective of livelihood capital,this paper uses the measuring indicators in line with the new-generation migrant workers’ livelihood characteristics,to analyze the typical characteristics and causes of new-generation migrant workers’ urban adaptation in Jianggan District of Hangzhou City based on field survey data. In the study,it is found that the new-generation migrant workers’ urban adaptation characteristics are focused on life adaptation,work adaptation and cultural adaptation,but the adaptation in the three areas is not good and there is a big room for improvement.

  20. Energy aspects of city districts and rural townships; Energieaspekte staedtischer und laendlicher Siedlungen. Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ott, W.; Arend, M.; Philippen, D. [Econcept AG, Zuerich (Switzerland); Gilgen, K.; Beaujean, K. [Hochschule fuer Technik Rapperswil, Institut fuer Raumentwicklung, Rapperswil (Switzerland); Schneider, S. [Planungsbuero Jud AG, Zuerich (Switzerland)

    2008-01-15

    This illustrated final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the results of a project concerning the energy consumption of various residential districts in cities and in rural townships. The analysis examines the consumption of primary energy by residential buildings, their supply and disposal infrastructures and that of traffic induced by settlements. Also, grey energy: consumption for the construction, renovation and demolition of buildings and infrastructures as well as the consumption of primary energy for the production and disposal of individual motor vehicle traffic and public transport is reviewed. Four Swiss case studies are dealt with including largely homogenous residential districts in Effretikon, Oetwil am See, Uster and the City of Zurich. The results of the analyses made are presented in graphical form. The authors quote the great potential for the reduction of the consumption of settlement-dependent primary energy that lies in the fields of energy-efficiency of buildings, mobility and power consumption. The report is rounded off with a comprehensive appendix.

  1. Impact of payroll taxes for small shoe manufacturing enterprises profit generation in Bogota city 15th district

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Armando Hernández Bernal

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we illustrate the financial difficulties that payroll taxes would impose on small shoe manufacturing enterprises in Bogota City 15th district and how this would impose some restrictions for firms profit generation, when such contributions turns out to be a fixed cost. We present a brief on the legal framework as well as an econometric exercise that shows the relations between labor costs and profit generation for the footwear industry in the 15th urban district of Bogotá city.

  2. SPATIAL STRUCTURE EVOLUTION OF SYSTEM OF RECREATION BUSINESS DISTRICT--A Case of Suzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Li-mei; TAO Wei

    2003-01-01

    The growing attention on urban tourism was very widespread. There are two angles to study urban tourism: supply-side and demand-side. And the supply-side of the tourism remains very important. The RBD (Recreation Business District) is a useful framework to understand the components of urban tourism and how they fit together. The paper begins with a review on the RBD and the spatial structure of tourism in urban areas and then attempts to develop a more general understanding of the spatial structure evolution of RBDs in a tourist-historic citySuzhou. The spatial structures and functions of the RBDs in Suzhou are examined, based on field observations, interviews with city officials and industry leaders, and a review of available documents. The urban tourism of Suzhou has developed in a range of contexts, that various types of RBDs have emerged as a result of different urban development strategies. The spatial structure has evolved from the past "Single-cored Structure" to "Double-cored Structure"at present, and then to "Chain Structure" in the future. The spatial form and evolution of RBD in Suzhou are closely relative with its urban spatial expansion. Urban area dispersal is the prerequisite of the emergence of the RBD. Planning and constructing the RBD becomes a new impetus to urban growth or renewal. Finally, a number of strategies for planning and developing the RBD in Suzhou are suggested. The different RBDs should adopt different strategies.Intensification can be the possible strategy for the RBDs in the ancient city. Accreting with the urban theme park or engrafting on the Jinji Lake is suggested respectively for the RBD in the Suzhou New District and the Suzhou Industrial Park.

  3. [Evaluation of resource exploitation value and ecosystem service loss in Mentougou District of Beijing City].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xu-Sheng; Li, Feng; Zhao, Dan; Wang, Bei-Bei

    2009-06-01

    By using the evaluation approach of ecosystem services (including market value, opportunity cost, restoration cost, and shadow project approaches), and combining with situation investigation, the ecosystem service loss in Mentougou District of Beijing City caused by coal resource exploitation in 1949-2006 was systematically evaluated. In the study area, coal mining mainly induced the cost increase of solid waste disposal and sink reclamation, and the losses in food production, water self-preserving, residents moving, and water and soil resources. The ecosystem service loss caused by the coal mining in 1949-2006 was about 54.3 billion Yuan RMB, approximately 9 times high of its market economic benefit (5.9 billion Yuan RMB). It was very difficult or needed a long time to restore the damaged ecosystem. PMID:19795655

  4. The Nation's Report Card Reading 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Baltimore City Public Schools. Grade 4, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  5. The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Baltimore City Public Schools. Grade 4, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  6. Some recommendations for a better vegetable production in Dong Anh peri-urban district, Hanoi City (in Vietnamese).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Everaarts, A.P.; Nguyen Van Dung,; Pham Van Hoi,

    2006-01-01

    The paper presents several recommendations for a better vegetable production in Dong Anh district, Hanoi city: improving nursery production; specializing an area for vegetables so that soil is not yearly disturbed; encouraging the uses of environmentally friendly pesticides such as pyrethroid and bi

  7. Spa Corp

    OpenAIRE

    Cárdenas González, José Alejandro; Gutiérrez, Mario Andrés

    2012-01-01

    En el ámbito laboral colombiano, se encuentran múltiples empresas de consultoría organizacional que dan cobertura a varias necesidades de las empresas cliente, es así que a partir de la idea de dar alcance a estas necesidades se crea Spa Corp; la cual es una compañía dedicada al cambio perspectivas de procesos organizacionales en Colombia.

  8. Living Condition and Willingness of Migrant Workers——A Case Study of Panyu District in Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zeying; HUANG

    2013-01-01

    Migrant worker is the product of urban and rural dual structure,and also an important force promoting social development.Paying close attention to living condition and willingness of migrant workers is favorable for improving people’s livelihood and stabilizing society.Panyu District of Guangzhou City has gathered numerous migrant workers.Therefore,it randomly selected 600 migrant workers in Panyu District and took them as objects of questionnaire.Through research,it is found that current living condition of migrant workers is not optimistic,and it is expected that their housing problem can be solved.

  9. Fire and EMS Districts, Reno County and City of Hutchinson Fire Districts polygon layer, Published in 2005, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Hutchinson.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Fire and EMS Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2005. It is described as...

  10. Flowering plants of Hedera helix L. in the Grunwald district of the city of Poznań

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanisława Korszun

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the period from September 2008 to July 2009 in the Grunwald district in the city of Poznań, Poland, a total of 609 localities of flowering English ivy were recorded, for which 769 plants were described. These plants were found in different localities, most of them euhemerobic. The biggest number of flowering specimens was recorded in home gardens. Support for climbing plants was mainly provided by trees and shrubs, including fruit trees – pear and apple trees. Among the other tree species, the biggest group comprises Scots pine, common birch, European larch and common locust. Other types of supports included fences, buildings and elements of small architecture. A very high number of specimens in the generative stage in the Grunwald district indicates considerable popularity and at the same time very good adaptation of ivy not only to the climatic conditions of the city of Poznań, but also to anthropogenic changes in the habitat.

  11. Uncertainty about the municipal territorial structure: prospects of the development of the current variants of city districts

    OpenAIRE

    Denis Boykov

    2011-01-01

    The article is based on the empirical research done during 2008-2010 within the framework of research projects of the Project-academic laboratory of the municipal management at the National Research University High School of Economics on municipal territories of Krasnodar, Tver, Kostroma, Kaliningrad, Rostov, Novosibirsk, Sverdlovsk.The research found that municipal territorial structure is unbalanced especially in city districts. Th e article considers such a phenomenon of the territorial st...

  12. EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROGRAM OF EMPOWERMENT OF THE WOMEN RESIDING AT THE COASTAL AREA OF AMPENAN DISTRICT, MATARAM CITY, LOMBOK IMPLEMENTED IN THE FORM OF LIFE SKILLS

    OpenAIRE

    Ni Putu Listiawati; Emiliana Mariyah; I Nyoman Kutha Ratna; I Gde Semadi Astra

    2012-01-01

    The program of the empowerment of the women living in Mataram City implemented inthe form of life skills including vocational skill, social skill, and personal skill has been carriedout since 2001. In reality, the attempts already made could not improve the well-being of thewomen in Mataram City in general and the women living along the coastal area of Ampenan,South Ampenan District and Banjar District in particular. Based on the background mentionedabove, the researcher was interested in exp...

  13. Study into epilation among residents and "black rain" fallout in the Manose district of Nagasaki City following dropping of the atomic bomb

    OpenAIRE

    Honda, Kouya

    2012-01-01

    It became clear from the testimony of residents that a considerable amount of black rain fell in the Manose district of Nagasaki City . The Manose district is a small settlement located in a mountainous area approximately 7.5 km northwest from the hypocenter. Not only did black rain fall, but the residents experienced high incidence of epilation. Soil sampling aimed at detecting plutonium originating from the atomic blast was conducted primarily in the Manose district in July 2011. The black ...

  14. Special Taxing Districts, Lyon County Cemetery Districts, Library Districts, Recreation Districts, Watershed Districts. ., Published in 2011, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Special Taxing Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2011. It is described...

  15. Analysis of Leadership Flexibility Capability of District/City Public Health Department in North Sumatra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Rifai

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Leadership has an important role in the organization as leader is in charge of supervising and controlling the course of an organization. Ability to lead in mobilizing and empowering employees will affect the performance of the organization. This behavior has a significant impact on the attitudes, behavior and performance of employees. The results of the study showed there is a significant relationship between characteristics such as age (p = 0.004, education(p = 0.034, work experience (p = 0.000, the experience of the organization (p = 0.000, and educational hierarchy (p =0.000 for leadership flexibility. Sex variable is not significant to the leadership flexibility (p = 0.801. There is a relationship with the flexibility of directive leadership style (p = 0.027, supportive leadership style (p = 0.046, and participative leadership style (p = 0.009 with the flexibility of leadership. There is aso a relationship between achievement-oriented leadership style and leadership flexibility (p = 0.000. There is a relationship between the individual characteristics of leadership style and versatility with variable: educational level of leadership (p = 0.021; OR = 19.265. The result suggests that we need more organized seminars / work shop / scientific studies that stimulate the realization of learning about leadership flexibility in improving the performance of the District/City Health Office and it is necessary to study theperformance of the head of the Department of Health assessment intensively and periodically

  16. Uranium deposits in the Eureka Gulch area, Central City district, Gilpin County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sims, P.K.; Osterwald, F.W.; Tooker, E.W.

    1954-01-01

    The Eureka Gulch area of the Central City district, Gilpin County, Colo., was mined for ores of gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc; but there has been little mining activity in the area since World War I. Between 1951 and 1953 nine radioactive mine dumps were discovered in the area by the U.S. Geological Survey and by prospectors. the importance of the discoveries has not been determined as all but one of the mines are inaccessible, but the distribution, quantity, and grade of the radioactive materials found on the mine dumps indicate that the area is worth of additional exploration as a possible source of uranium ore. The uranium ans other metals are in and near steeply dipping mesothermal veins of Laramide age intrusive rocks. Pitchblende is present in at least four veins, and metatorbernite, associated at places with kosolite, is found along two veins for a linear distance of about 700 feet. The pitchblends and metatorbernite appear to be mutually exclusive and seem to occur in different veins. Colloform grains of pitchblende were deposited in the vein essentially contemporaneously with pyrite. The pitchblende is earlier in the sequence of deposition than galena and sphalerite. The metatorbernite replaces altered biotite-quartz-plagioclase gneiss and altered amphibolite, and to a lesser extent forms coatings on fractures in these rocks adjacent to the veins; the kasolite fills vugs in highly altered material and in altered wall rocks. Much of the pitchblende found on the dumps has been partly leached subsequent to mining and is out of equilibrium. Selected samples of metatorbernite-bearing rock from one mine dump contain as much as 6.11 percent uranium. The pitchblende is a primary vein mineral deposited from uranium-bearing hydrothermal solutions. The metatorbernite probably formed by oxidation, solution, and transportation of uranium from primary pitchblende, but it may be a primary mineral deposited directly from fluids of different composition from these

  17. Infection control in general practices in Buffalo City and OR Tambo District Municipalities, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Don O'Mahony

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Good infection control practices are effective in reducing rates of infection in health care settings. Studies in primary care in developed countries indicate that many general practitioners (GPs do not comply with optimal infection control practices. There are no published studies from developing countries in Southern Africa.Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe infection control practices in private GP surgeries in the Buffalo City and OR Tambo District Municipalities in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.Method: A literature review was conducted to appraise current best practice with respect to Standard Infection Control and Transmission Based Precautions. A questionnaire, inquiring into GPs’ actual practices, was posted to each surgery.Results: The valid response rate was 34% (47/140. Methods used to sterilise instruments in 40 practices were: ultraviolet sterilisation (23, chemical disinfection (14, boiling water (7, and steam autoclave (2. Compounds used for chemical disinfection included organotin quaternary, chlorhexidine and benzyl ammonium chloride with a quaternary complex. Twenty-two (47% used a hand rub. Sixteen (35% GPs stated that they had a policy to promptly triage patients who are coughing, and 23 (50% had a policy for airflow movement in the surgery. All practices appropriately disposed of sharps. Thirty-seven (80% expressed interest in a seminar on infection control.Conclusions: Overall, GPs were aware of infection control precautions. Ultraviolet sterilisers and chlorhexidine are not recommended, however, for sterilisation or high level disinfection of medical instruments, and their use should be discontinued. Hand rubs are underutilised. GPs should implement Transmission Based Precautions to prevent airborne and droplet infections.

  18. Preliminary business plan: District Heating Company for the city of Handlova, Slovakia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-06-01

    The city of Handlova, Slovakia, needs to replace its district heating system, which is old, unreliable, and expensive to maintain. The current plant is owned by a state-run utility, the Slovensky Energeticky Podnik (SEP). The plan is to privatize the heating plant, acquire capital to rehabilitate the central plant (converting it to a cogeneration facility), install a new hot-water distribution system, and implement an extensive energy efficiency effort in the residential buildings on the system. System capacity is 100 MWt, with annual heat sales estimated to be 450,000 gigajoules per year (GJ/yr). The capital necessary for system improvements is estimated to be 465 million Slovakian Krowns (SK) (in 1997 price levels). The total market value of existing fixed assets that will survive the rehabilitation effort as part of the new systems is estimated at 342 million SK. There has been substantial analysis and preparation for this activity, which is documented in demand-side and supply-side technical and economic analyses, an integrated demand/supply report, and this preliminary business plan. The preparation includes investigation of ownership, management, and technology alternatives; estimation of the market value of existing assets and investment requirements; and forecasting of future cash flows. These preliminary projections indicate that the cost of heating from the new system will be reasonable from both a cost per unit of energy basis (SK/GJ) and, form the perspective of an apartment dweller in Handlova, on a total cost per year basis. Delivering heat at the projected cost will, however, require a substantial change in the way that the heating plant is run, with proportionally very large reductions in labor, operations and maintenance, and overhead charges. In addition, there will need to be significant revenues from the sale of electricity to the national grid.

  19. Environmental contamination of Gorganrood Water and Sediment in district of Gonbad-Kavoos City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giti Forghani

    2014-11-01

    Gonbad-e-Kavoos district. Material and Methods To evaluate the quality of water and sediments at the study area, 10 water and sediment samples were collected in the month of November in year 2012 by standard methods. The physicochemical parameters of water samples including pH and electrical conductivity (EC were determined in situ using portable conductivity and pH meter. At each sampling station, water samples were collected in 1-litre prewashed polyethylene bottles. Water samples were filtered using a vacuum pump and 0.45μm pore-size filter papers in order to separate particulate matter. The filtered samples were then split into two portions: one portion was acidified with HNO3 for dissolved element measurement and the second unacidified portion was used for determination of dissolved anions. The samples were kept at 4°C prior to analysis.The concentration of major ions in water samples was measure using the standard methods: Ca and Mg were determined using titration with EDTA, Cl was measured using titration with AgNO3 and bicarbonate was determined using titration with HCl. Flame photometry was applied for determining Na and K concentration. Nitrate and phosphate values were measured using spectrophotometer. Cationic and anionic charge balance was calculated as a proof for the precision of the data. Total dissolved solid (TDS was measured using evaporation method. The piper diagram was used to assess the water type. Sediment samples were air dried, and then, the Mg2+ (10.4> Ca2+ (7.06> K+ (0.1 and SO42- (13.9> Cl- (13.2> HCO3- (6. The piper diagram shows that the water type in the city district samples is Na-Cl, but in other samples is Na-SO42-, perhaps due to the effect of municipal wastewaters discharge on water type. Despite the extensive agricultural activities in the Gorganrood basin, the nitrate concentration of the samples are below the maximum allowable concentration for drinking usage (50 mg/l, WHO 2011, perhaps due to the denitrification process

  20. Research on New Urban Area Planning Based on TOD Mode:A Study on Binhu New District of Hefei City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    As an urban development mode,the TOD (Transit-oriented Development) mode,targeted at energy-saving and based on the public transportation system,has positive significance for solving problems like disordered urban sprawl and traffic congestion in Chinese cities.This article takes Binhu New District of Hefei as an example to illustrate the practice of the TOD mode in the urban design of large and medium-sized cities.The paper analyzes the relationship between the new district,central urban area,and public transportation development,and puts forward that the TOD mode is suitable for Bihu New District.It states that the TOD mode can be realized through methods such as the building of a "double-rapid" comprehensive public transportation network,the setting up of decentralized-compact urban clusters and TOD communities,the mixevd land-use,as well as the scenery design with complete walking space.The paper also proposes that certain flexible methods can be adopted in order to promote the TOD mode,including making full use of bus transit when rail transit is lacked,setting up TOD communities surrounding the transport hubs,etc.

  1. Flowering plants of Hedera helix L. in the Grunwald district of the city of Poznań

    OpenAIRE

    Stanisława Korszun; Joanna Bykowska

    2012-01-01

    In the period from September 2008 to July 2009 in the Grunwald district in the city of Poznań, Poland, a total of 609 localities of flowering English ivy were recorded, for which 769 plants were described. These plants were found in different localities, most of them euhemerobic. The biggest number of flowering specimens was recorded in home gardens. Support for climbing plants was mainly provided by trees and shrubs, including fruit trees – pear and apple trees. Among the other tree species,...

  2. District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit and distribution network, City of Piqua, Ohio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-09-18

    The goal of the Piqua, Ohio District Heating and Cooling Demonstration Project is to demonstrate the feasibility and efficiency of using cogenerated thermal energy from the City's Municipal Power Plant to provide residential, commercial and industrial space heating and cooling and satisfy other community energy needs as appropriate. Progress in four tasks within this project is reported. These tasks include: development of team work plan resource allocation; identification of thermal energy source market; analysis of energy market; and planning of power plant retrofits. (LCL)

  3. Nutrient Content in Soils and Adaptability of Corn n Yuanzhou District, Guyuan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to research rational fertilization of corn in Yuanzhou District, Guyuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. [Method] Nutrient con- tents in soils in Yuanzhou District were measured with conventional analysis method and the suitable fertilization scheme of corn growth was proposed based on fertiliz- er-application rule of corn growth and nutrient balance. [Result] Soil in farmlands in Yuanzhou District was of alkalinity; organic matter, N, P and Zn were shortage; S was extremely insufficient; Fe and Mn were moderate; K was abundant; Cu would satisfy crop growth, [Conclusion] The research provides references for yield increase, reduction of chemical fertilizer and related pollution for corn growth.

  4. Evaluation of thermal energy storage for the proposed Twin Cities District Heating system. [using cogeneration heat production and aquifiers for heat storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, C. F.

    1980-01-01

    The technical and economic feasibility of incorporating thermal energy storage components into the proposed Twin Cities District heating project was evaluated. The technical status of the project is reviewed and conceptual designs of district heating systems with and without thermal energy storage were compared in terms of estimated capital requirements, fuel consumption, delivered energy cost, and environmental aspects. The thermal energy storage system is based on cogeneration and the storage of heat in aquifers.

  5. The magnitude of intimate partner violence in Brazil: portraits from 15 capital cities and the Federal District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reichenheim Michael Eduardo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper concerns the prevalence of intimate partner violence in 15 State capital cities and the Federal District of Brazil. A population-based multi-stage survey in 2002/2003 involved 6,760 15-69-year-old women (respondents. Using the Conflict Tactics Scales - Form R, the overall prevalence of psychological aggression and "minor" and severe physical abuse within couples was 78.3%, 21.5%, and 12.9%, respectively. Prevalence rates varied distinctively between cities. For instance, total physical abuse ranged from 13.2% to 34.8%. On the whole, prevalence was higher in the North and Northeast cities than in the Southeast, South, and Central West. Also, all types of intimate partner violence were more frequent in couples including women who were younger (< 25 years and had less schooling (< 8 years. After stratifying by gender, although women tended to perpetrate at least one act of physical abuse more often, scores were consistently higher among male partners who were perpetrators. The results are compared to international findings. Regional, demographic, and gender differentials are discussed in light of the growing role of the Brazilian health sector in relation to intimate partner violence.

  6. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1987

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  7. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1991

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  8. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1984

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  9. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1983

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  10. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1982

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  11. Suburban Opposition to District Reorganization: The 1968 Spainhower Commission and Metropolitan Kansas City and St. Louis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Donna; Rury, John L.

    2014-01-01

    The 1968 Spainhower Commission planned extensive changes in the organization of public education in Missouri, proposing larger, comprehensive districts throughout the state. Intended to increase efficiency and reduce inequities, its reform proposals spurred widespread opposition from both rural and suburban communities. In the suburbs hostility…

  12. Is Decentralization of Control a Partial Answer in Big City School Districts?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, Luvern L.

    One possible solution to the problems of urban schools--such as student disenchantment, community tension, and teacher aggressiveness--is to give some of the control over school districts back to the communities themselves, that is, to reverse the trend of centralization. Concerning school government, three types of values need to be…

  13. Lease Approval and Building Aid for Leased School Buildings and Facilities Located Off School Property (Pursuant to CR 155.8). Instruction Guide for Public School Districts Outside of New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of Facilities Planning.

    State regulations allow public school districts outside of New York City to apply for Building Aid on leasing costs involving instructional facilities for grades Pre-K through 12 located off school district property. This guide explains how the districts should proceed when applying for Building Aid on leased facilities. Attached is the…

  14. Development of Urban Agriculture:A Case Study of Qianjin Village,Jiangxia District,Wuhan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We take the case of Qianjin Village,Jiangxia District,Wuhan City,to research how to establish the system of urban agriculture with distinctive features relying on the advantage of urban resources.Under the guidance of guiding ideology,basic principles and overall objectives of urban agriculture development planning,we analyze the specific construction planning of urban agriculture in Qianjin Village,mainly including the construction of growing areas and construction of leisure areas.Then we put forth the security system of development of urban agriculture as follows: land transfer is the prerequisite of development of urban agriculture;policy support is the important foundation of development of urban agriculture; agricultural science and technology is strong support for development of urban agriculture;good leadership is the organizational guarantee for development of urban agriculture;the industrialization of agriculture is the main objective of development of urban agriculture.

  15. Requalification Pilot projects of Nearly Zero Energy Building for “smart” district and cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Dassori

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The authors present the first results of the European project R2CITIES winner of the call “Smart Cities and Communities, 2011”. The main objective of R2CITIES is to develop a replicable strategy for the design, construction and management of entire residential neighborhoods with ‘almost zero’ consumption. The experience, both in the competition participation and in the course of the phases of the project, it is particularly significant especially for the synergy that has necessarily developed at international level, including Municipality, researchers, industries, non-profit companies and finance companies. Regarding the role of the University is evident the contribution in terms of knowledge and strength of cohesion between the different actors involved.

  16. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - BaBeL Lucerne; Schlussbericht Quartier BaBeL - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duss, A.; Inderbitzin, J.; Wandeler, M.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the first phase of the project concerning the Baselstrasse and Bernstrasse districts in Lucerne. A database containing details of the various buildings in the districts was set up, energy-relevant refurbishment of buildings was investigated, owners were counselled and various diploma-theses for the University of Applied Sciences in Lucerne were initiated. Ecological, economical and mobility aspects are considered and suggestions are made for follow-up projects.

  17. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Bellevaux; Quartier de Bellevaux - Lausanne. Rapport final de la phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gay, J.-B.; Montavon, M. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire d' Energie solaire et de physique du batiment (LESO-PB), Lausanne (Switzerland); Muehll, D. von der [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire de Dynamiques territoriales (LADYT), Lausanne (Switzerland); Malatesta, D. [Ecole d' Etudes sociales et pedagogiques (EESP), Lausanne (Switzerland); Cunha, A. da; Dind, J.-P. [University of Lausanne, Institut de Geographie (UNIL-IGUL), Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the first phase of the project in the Bellevaux district of Lausanne. The work done in the first phase is reviewed: A database with details on 240 buildings was set up, a pilot analysis of a building was carried out and suggestions for renovation work were made. Also, a socio-economic analysis of the district was made and the expectations of inhabitants were noted. Mobility was critically analysed and first possibilities in the urban planning area were looked at. Recommendations for the second phase of the project are presented.

  18. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Mobility; Rapport final, phase 1. Theme 'Mobilite'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muehll, D. von der

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This paper takes a look at mobility aspects and addresses the following questions with reference to city districts: sustainable mobility, what can and cannot be realised at this scale, what effects are to be expected, how can sustainability be measured and which obstacles are to be expected. Topics covered include public transport, foot and bicycle traffic, parking, noise, pollution and the reduction of physical danger. Management and information are also discussed as are promotion activities and ways of increasing awareness.

  19. Urban versus rural: fertility decline in the cities and rural districts of Prussia, 1875 to 1910.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galloway, P R; Lee, R D; Hammel, E A

    1998-09-01

    This study examined the level and pace of fertility decline in 54 large cities in Prussia during 1875-1910. Data were obtained from census records for 1875, 1880, 1885, 1890, 1895, 1900, 1905, and 1910. Analysis was based on pooled cross sectional time series methods and theories that structural socioeconomic change was a key factor in the decline of fertility in Prussian cities. During 1875-1910, city population grew from 3.8 to 9.6 million. The general marital fertility rate (GMFR) in the 54 cities declined from 281 to 164 during 1875-1910. Catholicism, female labor force participation (FLFP), manufacturing, mining, banking, and communication were statistically positively related to urban fertility level. Pace of decline was related significantly to language, education, FLFP, income, communications, insurance, population size, infant mortality, and married sex ratio. Population size was related to pace but not level. Education and banking had a stronger impact in rural areas. In the city equation, the variables plus dummies accounted for 90% of the variance. A very important variable explaining change in fertility level in Prussia was Catholicism. The most important variables for explaining fertility change in Prussia were infant mortality rate and insurance. Infant mortality, communications, insurance, and income increased in importance over time. FLFP declined over time, but contributed the most to predicted change in GMFR throughout the period, especially in nontraditional occupations. The analysis explained both rapid and slow urban fertility declines and closely approximated predicted fertility. Prussia differs from present developing country contexts in that the population was largely agrarian but literate. PMID:12158982

  20. Modeling tourist itineraries in heritage cities. Routes around the Old District of Girona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donaire, José Antonio

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Tourists do not follow random behavior in heritage cities, but they are consciously or unconsciously guided by socially constructed itineraries. This article studies the shaping of these itineraries in a heritage city (Girona, using the direct observation methodology during the visit (following the tourists from a prudent distance and gathering all the information about their visits and the conventional ques-tionnaire at the end of the visit. It also establishes which the sociodemographic, environmental and in-formative factors are that explain this behavior. The simultaneous use of the observation method and a questionnaire was found to be a useful technique for analyzing tourists’ behavior and the factors that explain this behavior.

  1. Malawi: the Peace Corps challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, R L

    1996-12-01

    An acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention project was begun in Malawi in January 1993 by Peace Corps Malawi. 23 workers strive: 1) to offer health education and counseling with regard to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and AIDS in district hospitals, health centers, and health clinics; 2) to encourage the participation of community groups in AIDS prevention, education, and counseling support activities; and 3) to implement AIDS education in primary and secondary schools. Volunteer activities include health education, home-based care, school programs (drama groups, peer counseling), income-generating activities, condom distribution, and formation of district committees and sub-committees. Target groups include women and youth. Sexual health is promoted. Malawian counterparts are being trained by the volunteers to ensure sustainability; local volunteers are becoming important as resources become scarce. The program is becoming decentralized as it moves into the villages, and community groups are increasing in number. Obstacles include: 1) the lack of resources; 2) the fact that the District AIDS Coordinators are also clinical officers and medical assistants and so can serve only part time; 3) the cultural taboos that make discussion of certain topics difficult; 4) the political system; 5) illiteracy among women; 6) drug abuse among youth; and 7) the difficulty of remaining separated from one's work when one is surrounded by clients, including coworkers, who are HIV positive.

  2. VECTOR RESISTANCE STATUS OF DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER (Aedes aegypti IN THE SIDOREJO DISTRICT SALATIGA CITY AGAINST TEMEPHOS (ORGANOPHOSPHATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ary Oktsari Yanti S

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the efforts to control the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF is contrled thedengue vector larvae using larvasida. The most widely larvasida used to control larvae Ae.aegypti is temephos. In Indonesia 1% temephos (abate 1SG has been used since 1976, and since1980 has been used for the eradication program ofAe. aegypti larvae. The purpose of this studyis to determine the resistance status of vectors of dengue hemorrhagic fever (Ae. aegypti ofendemic, sporadic, and potentially in Sub District Sidorejo Salatiga City to temephos(organofosfat. This research was conducted using experimental research design (TrueExperiment, posttcst design with control groups (posttest-only Control Group Design. Thepopulation of the research were larvae of Ae. aegypti collected from the study area. Samples testlarvae were used of Ae. aegypti third and early fourth instars larvae which were maintenance ofthe first generation. The result showed that the mortality percentages of Ae. aegypti larvaeof endemic, sporadic and potential administratives against temephos using WHO standardconcentration (0,625; 0,125; 0,025 mg/1 indicates the mortality of Ae. aegypti larvae by 100%Based on the status resistance criteria, Ae. aegypti larvae from endemic, sporadic, and potentialadministratives of Sidorejo Sub-District, Salatiga City is still susceptible to temephos.Keywords : Status of resistance, Aedes aegypti. TemephosSalah satu upaya menurunkan Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD adalah melaluipengcndalian jentik vektor DBD dengan larvasida. Larvasida yang digunakan untukmengcndalikan jentik Ae. aegypti adalah temephos. Temephos 1% (abate ISG sudah programdi Indonesia sejak 1976, scjak 1980 telah digunakan secara massal untuk programpemberantasan jentik Ae. aegypti. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui status resistensivektor demam berdarah dengue Ae. aegypti di kclurahan endemis, sporadis, dan potensialKecamatan Sidorejo Kota Salatiga terhadap temephos

  3. Legal-accounting interfaces in law recovery procedures in São Paulo City District Court

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivam Ricardo Peleias

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Judicial reorganization, based on Brazilian Law 11.101/2005, has legal and accounting connections, and is responsible for studying the presence of Accountancy and accountants in six judicial processes, in two bankruptcy and judicial reorganization courts - Fórum João Mendes Jr. – São Paulo city, Brazil. It is a descriptive research, based on documental and content analysis, with the triangulation of interviews with judges, four legal administrators and the analysis of six processes by debtor companies. Accountancy appears in the analysed processes, through the financial statements joined by debtor companies. The accountants act as court appointed experts, helping judges and legal administrators. However, they do not act as managers. It was found the timid presence of Accountancy and accountants in the analyzed processes. Judicial reorganization is deferred without a deep accountant analysis of the joined financial statements, to help the debtor companies.

  4. 刍议城市中心商务区公园规划%Discussion on the City Centre Park Business District Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查晓鸣; 周明长

    2014-01-01

    City center business district environment construction should be consistent with ecological principles,has regional, diversity and rationality of self succession development ability,individual interaction between its specific space and real image and including people,can arouse the cultural experience and aesthetic feeling to biological images. Through the relationship between the ecological environment,city park,biology three,forming the common interests between both the natural environment and the human, meet the planning and design of City Center Business District Park City biological scale and human scale of the city.%通过生态环境、城市公园、生物三者之间的关系,形成一种兼顾自然与人之间的共同利益,进而满足城市生物尺度与人性尺度的城市中心商务区公园的规划目标。

  5. [Ecological risk assessment of rural-urban ecotone based on landscape pattern: A case study in Daiyue District of Tai' an City, Shandong Province of East China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Hao-Peng; Yu, Kai-Qin; Feng, Yong-jun

    2013-03-01

    Based on the remote sensing data in 2000, 2005, and 2010, this paper analyzed the variation trends of the land use type and landscape pattern in Daiyue District of Tai' an City from 2000 to 2010. The ecological risk index was built, that of the District was re-sampled and spatially interpolated, and the spatiotemporal pattern of the ecological risk in the rural-urban ecotone of the District was analyzed. In 2000-2010, the main variation trend of the land use type in the District was the shift from natural landscape to artificial landscape. The intensity of human disturbance was larger in cultivated land, garden plot, and forestland than in other landscape types, while the human disturbance in water area was smaller. The ecological loss degree of cultivated land and water area decreased somewhat, while that of the other land use types presented an increasing trend. The ecological risk distribution in the District was discrete in 2000 and 2010, but most centralized in 2005. The ecological risk of each ecological risk sub-area had an increasing trend in 2000-2005, but was in adverse in 2005-2010. In 2000-2010, the ecological risk of the District was mainly at medium level. Spatially, the distribution of the ecological risk in the District had an obvious differentiation, with an overall diffusive increasing from forestland as the center to the surrounding areas. In the District, the ecological risk was mainly at medium and higher levels, the area with lower ecological risk had an obvious dynamic change, while that with the lowest and highest ecological risk had less change. PMID:23755484

  6. Le corps en morceaux

    OpenAIRE

    Albert, Jean-Pierre; Albert-Llorca, Marlène; Bagliani, Agostino Paravicini; Beier, Rosmarie; Bergues, Martine; Charuty, Giordana; Desbois, Evelyne; Dias, Nélia; Héritier-Augé, Françoise; Lemonnier, Pierre; Piette, Albert; Raimbault, Ginette; Roth, Martin; Sissa, Giulia; Voisenat, Claudie

    2005-01-01

    Martyres de chrétiennes, collections médicales, mutilés de la Grande Guerre, ex-voto anatomiques des pèlerinages portugais, greffes du rein... Les études présentées éclairent les données symboliques et idéologiques qui s'attachent au corps morcelé et induisent la définition de ce qu'est un corps sain.

  7. Digital Corp(s. Identidad y ciberespacio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Perales Blanco

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available El título de este artículo, la suma del término inglés digital con el francés corps (cuerpo digital es un guiño que hace referencia a la relación existente entre nuestra búsqueda identitaria en el ciberespacio y el derivado carácter económico de la misma. Corp es el término abreviado de corporation, procedente del latín corpus, se entiende como “cuerpo de gente” y se utiliza fundamentalmente para referirse a la estructura de gran parte de los negocios en Norteamérica y el mundo entero.Este artículo analiza -desde una perspectiva de género- algunas de las proyecciones identitarias actuales en internet con especial atención a las vinculadas a los espacios lúdicos.

  8. Selection of Regional Leading Industry Based on Comparative Advantage——A Case of Xiqing District,Tianjin City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Development status of agricultural industry in Xiqing District of Tianjin City in China is introduced.The intensive level of agriculture is relatively high in this region;the new-type agriculture develops rapidly;and the sales income of agricultural byproducts is the main source of household income.Based on the principles of market potential,production resources intensity,and associated promotion,a total of 3 indices for measuring the comparative advantage are selected,which are comparative advantage index,scale advantage index,and comprehensive advantage index.Based on the data analysis,competitive industries in this region are determined.Result shows that economic crops and aquaculture industry have relatively great location quotient,but aquaculture is not suitable for Xiqing District,due to its natural condition,industrial tradition and bases,and output value.Therefore,economic crop is selected as the leading industry in Xiqing District.

  9. Using Multi-agent System for Residential Expansion Models——A Case Study of Hongshan District, Wuhan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Residential expansion is gaining more and more attention from government authorities and urban planners.However, most of the current urban models focus heavily on presenting economic, political and ecological objectives of urban development, while seldom taking the effects of human behavior into consideration. Multi-agent systems for land use/cover change (MAS/LUCC), which mainly concern the behavioral effects of stakeholders on the processes of land use/cover change, are promising to fill the gap. This article, based on the concepts of MAS/LUCC model, constructs a multi-agent system for residential expansion model (MAS/RE)through the analysis of the behavior of government authorities and households. The model takes complex human actions into account, namely urban master planning, planning review and approval, policies of traffic, economy and environment, location and allocation choices of the households and their interrelationships. Taking Hongshan District of Wuhan City, Hubei Province as an illustration,the model is implemented on Arc/info platform to simulate residential expansion between 1996 and 2002. The study result shows that the model is suitable for understanding the process of residential expansion with the effects of human actions, and is especially effective for its capacity in presenting spatio-temporal and behavioral complexity. Therefore,the model can be a reference for policy-making for government authorities and urban planners.

  10. [Urban habitants' attitudes toward nature-approximating landscape architecture: taking Hongshan District of Wuhan City, China as a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yu-ping; Zhou, Zhi-xiang; Cai, Shao-ping; Gao, Kai; Jia, Ruo

    2011-07-01

    Nature-approximating landscape architecture (NALA) is a concept of sustainable development as applied to landscape architecture, while the urban habitants' awareness and acceptance of NALA idea is the key for the successful application of NALA. Through semi-structured interview, this paper explored the attitudes of the habitants in Hongshan District of Wuhan City toward the NALA design and management, and the influence of the social-economic characteristics of the responders on their attitudes toward the NALA. A fairly low percentage of the responders approved of the NALA design (10.3% - 46.9%) and management (7.4% - 34.9%). The attitudes towards NALA design were mainly affected by the responders' age, and the attitudes toward NALA management were significantly correlated with the responders' age, educational level, and profession. The efficient cause why a large number of responders did not support the NALA was that these responders attached importance to the aesthetic effect of green space, and preferred cleanliness and order. The lack of related ecological knowledge and environmental awareness was the root cause of the lesser support towards NALA. To establish NALA demonstration bases and to intensify the publicity and education of NALA idea and related ecological knowledge could promote an increasing number of urban habitants actively participating in NALA construction.

  11. Tourist Quarter “Chinese-Baroque” of Dao Way District in Harbin City: experience, problems and perspectives of renovation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levoshko Svetlana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes results of an unique experience of the Dao Wai historic district renovation project in Harbin of the 2010th. It includes an interpretation of the stylistic features of the Dao Wai building. Also, there was made a presumptive conclusion about the origins of the “Chinese Baroque”, which is now famous Dao Wai, combining European order architecture and far Eastern decorative tradition. Presumptive conclusion was based on the construction area observing in 2011-2016 and on the Chinese sources. As a result of renovation, there was formed a new public space with high tourism potential. Social value and status of the Dao Wai has significantly grown. The significant cost increase of real estate and provided services is an essential consequence of the gentrification method. There are were noted increased problems of the native people forced to move from the center to the outskirts of the city. Also, this article analyzes the current stage of the second phase design of Dao Wai renovation project and the perspectives for its implementation.

  12. Residents’ Willingness to Pay for Household Kitchen Waste Separation Services in Haidian and Dongcheng Districts, Beijing City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yalin Yuan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports a contingent valuation study on household kitchen waste separation (HKWS services via willingness to pay (WTP conducted in the Haidian and Dongcheng districts of Beijing city in 2013. This study focuses on a real program to understand households’ attitudes toward HKWS and to estimate the value of HKWS services. The results of this study revealed that 41.4% agreed to accept the proposed price of HKWS services, while 42.2% refused to pay, but with a positive attitude toward the HKWS program. In addition, respondents’ WTP for proposed HKWS services is significantly related to the level of bid price and their gender, age and education experience. Attitudinal factors that affect resident WTP were also found. For example, respondents who perceive themselves as having a higher ability to conduct HKWS at the source are more willing to pay for their HKWS services, while respondents who complain of the inconvenience of conducting HKWS show negative WTP. The results also showed that on average each household is willing to pay about US$1.44 per month for HKWS services, which is based on 327 respondents after excluding 64 (16.4% of all sample who indicated complete opposition to the HKWS program.

  13. Aluminum pollution of commercially-available wheaten products in Futian District of Shenzhen City%深圳市福田区市售面制食品中铝污染状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李可; 曾胜波; 黄旭丽; 杨梅; 周洁; 梁肇海

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the aluminum pollution of commercially-available wheaten products in Futian District of Shenzhen City,and make assessment of qualified rate according to the size of the sales unit.[Methods

  14. Government Districts, Other, City, VIllage and County Voting Districts, Published in 2001, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Government Districts, Other dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2001. It...

  15. Election Districts and Precincts, Taylor Voting Districts, Published in 2010, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, City of Taylor, Texas.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of...

  16. Zoning Districts, HOGARDC has Zoning Districts for many Cities in the Region, Published in 2007, 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, Heart of Georgia Altamaha RDC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2007. It is described as...

  17. Road Maintenance Districts, Road Maintenace by General County, County Maintenance District, or City Maintenance, Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Phillips County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Road Maintenance Districts dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2009. It is described as...

  18. Election Districts and Precincts, City Aldermanic District polygons, Published in 2011, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Vernon County Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2011. It is described...

  19. Sinosteel Corp and Jinxing Mining to Establish China’s Largest Monomer Molybdenum Dressing Plant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>It is learned from the introduction of the government of Songshan District,Chifeng,and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region that Songshan Jinxing Mining Co.and Sinosteel Corp.have recently signed joint restructuring agreement.Sinosteel Corp will inject capital of 420 million yuan for the holding of 60% of Jinxing’s share rights for the establishment of

  20. Allegheny County Council Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset portrays the boundaries of the County Council Districts in Allegheny County. The dataset is based on municipal boundaries and City of Pittsburgh ward...

  1. How relevant is urban planning for the thermal comfort of pedestrians? Numerical case studies in two districts of the City of Dresden (Saxony/Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeri Goldberg

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the effects of different urban planning scenarios on the thermal comfort of pedestrians in two districts of the city of Dresden. A total of three alternatives to reconstruct these districts were created by considering realistic approaches for urban planning projections in the next ten years. These alternatives include the development and densification of existing buildings as well as the greening of undeveloped areas or the reduction of existing green areas. Based on these planning alternatives, micro-meteorological conditions as well as bioclimatic indices within the chosen city districts of Dresden for a hot summer day were simulated with a combination of the 3D microclimatic model ENVI-met and the bioclimatic model Rayman. Using both, potential air temperature (T and the bioclimatic index UTCI (Universal Thermal Comfort Index, spatial distribution at different times of the day, the cumulative thermal stress conditions at both exposed "receptor" points and on a virtual course of pedestrians through the inner city of Dresden, were analysed. Simulation results clearly show the local reduction of T and UTCI due to the shading effect of denser vegetation or building structures during the daytime. For example, a greening of an industrial wasteland locally reduces T and UTCI in the early afternoon of a hot and sunny summer day by up to 2 and 14 K, respectively. The same increase in T and UTCI can be found in non-shaded partitions of this area if it is sparsely rebuilt. At night, areas with widespread building placement show a higher T and UTCI (up to 1 and 4 K, respectively, and areas with dense vegetation are cooler (0.1 to 0.4 K than open areas. Due to the small extension of modified urban structures, the mean effect over the complete area amounts to only a fraction of a degree at most. The simulation results demonstrate that a greening of urban wastelands has primarily positive effects (that means cooling on thermal

  2. Teacher Corps Goes International: The Micronesia/Ponape Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Frederick J.

    This document describes the East Caroline Islands lying in the Ponape District and the development of a Teacher Corps inservice program to aid public school teachers in professional development. Program objectives were to: (1) up-grade basic and professional skills of Micronesian interns; (2) implement a University Without Walls baccalaureate…

  3. Road Maintenance Districts, Street Maintenance Designations (City Maintained Street Inventory), Published in 2006, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Asheville Public Works Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Road Maintenance Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2006. It is...

  4. Rural resident household food consumption patterns in the Ganzhou district of Zhangye city:an analysis based on ELES Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Demand for food plays an important role in the adjustment of prices for agricultural products and for adjusting agricultural structure.By using the extended linear expenditure system(ELES),we analyzed the food consumption structure of rural residents in the Ganzhou district of Zhangye city,and determined the basic food-consumption demand,the marginal propensity of consumption,the income elasticities of demand,and the own-price and cross-price elasticities of local rural residents,all of which illustrate the influencing factors on food consumption of rural residents and for forecasting the food-consumption structure.Those analyses show the following:the rural residents’ expenditure on household basic food consumption reaches about 7,050.35 Yuan;the marginal propensities of consumption of fruits and vegetables are relatively high(0.062 and 0.106,respectively),followed by meat(0.044);the demands for various foods are increasing as income increases,with the largest income elasticity of demand corresponding to fruits(1.354) and the lowest to cereal(0.310);fruits and vegetables have relatively high own-price elasticities(respectively-0.879 and-0.442),with the cereal having the lowest one(-0.184).An increase in cereal prices would greatly affect demand for other products;with the rising size of rural households,the consumption for meat is decreasing whereas it is increasing for cereal.The improvement of household education levels will lead to the increase of fruit consumption(E = 0.297),which indicates that people will pay more attention to diet and nutrition structure with the improvement of education.Further,although the amount of cereal expenditure is continually growing,the share will be declining with the increase of household income in 2006-2012.For all these reasons,therefore,the government should encourage the cultivation of economic crops and guide the development of stockbreeding to ensure the stability of cereal output.In order to attain the balance between

  5. Analysis of costs and scarce fuel savings associated with nine Eastern and North Central center city conversions to a district energy system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davis, A.A.; Santini, D.J.; Marder, S.M.; Bernow, S.S.

    1979-02-01

    This study considers the major urbanized areas of nine US cities to arrive at rough estimates of costs required to retrofit them with district energy systems (DES). Only those costs associated with heating and hot water are addressed here. Demand estimates and energy-supply analyses are made, and component capital costs are estimated to arrive at annualized system costs. Finally, a comparison of alternative energy-delivery options is made, and estimates of scarce-fuel savings are derived. 49 references, 20 figures, 14 tables.

  6. Issues concerning Migrant Workers’ Participation in the New Rural Cooperative Medical System and Countermeasures——Based on the Survey in Wenjiang District and Jintang County, Chengdu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We conduct questionnaire survey of migrant workers in Wenjiang District and Jintang County of Chengdu City,respectively,using the method of key-point investigation and the sampling survey. We describe the status quo of the sample migrant workers’ participation in the New Rural Cooperative Medical System,analyze the issues concerning migrant workers’ participation in the New Rural Cooperative Medical System,and put forward the countermeasures and recommendations as follows: using many types of medical insurance; establishing universal reimbursement points in strange land and premium-paying system for migrant workers; making the proportion of reimbursement open and transparent; establishing and improving medicare security system for migrant workers.

  7. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Gundeldinger Feld - Phase 1; Schlussbericht Quartier Gundeldingerfeld Basel - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Binz, A.; Voyame, J.-P.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the first phase of the project in Gundeldinger Feld, Basel. In an analysis of the initial situation in the Gundeldinger Feld, ecological and economical aspects are examined as are questions concerning mobility and urban planning. The various players involved are introduced and their expectations reviewed; work done and the involvement of the local inhabitants in the project are looked at. Measures to be taken to realise the visions proposed are discussed and suggestions for projects are made.

  8. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Gruenau Zurich; Schlussbericht Quartier Gruenau/Siedlung Bernerstrasse/Werdwies, Zuerich - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ott, W.; Kaufmann, Y.; Arend, M.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the first phase of the project concerning the Bernerstrasse/Werdwies estate in western Zurich. The results of an analysis of the present situation are presented that cover social aspects, residential buildings and their heating using waste heat from sewage, economical factors and, also, mobility and urban planning aspects. The replacement of a residential estate with new buildings is looked at from the energy and ecological viewpoints. Measures to be taken are suggested and recommendations for projects are made.

  9. Zoning Districts, Taylor Zoning Map, Published in 2011, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, City of Taylor, Texas.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2011. It is described...

  10. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Published in 2002, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Rome.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2002. Data...

  11. Road Maintenance Districts, Road maintenance for resurfacing projects data located in Transportation database, Published in unknown, City of Roswell, GA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Road Maintenance Districts dataset as of unknown. It is described as 'Road maintenance for resurfacing projects data located in Transportation database'. Data...

  12. Zoning Districts, Junction City, Published in 2008, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2008. It is described as...

  13. Application of ERT and SSR to Detect the shallow subsurface cracks under buildings of District No. 27 at 15th May City, Helwan, Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basheer Mohammed, A. A.; Abdalla, M. A.

    2012-09-01

    15th May City, 12 km to the southeast of Helwan city, is one of promised cities planned in 1986 by the Egyptian government through its program to withdraw the population from the condensed central Nile valley to the side parts of the Nile valley Egypt. The present study runs on the district No. 27. at 15th May city. The main target of this study is to detect the cracks in the shallow subsurface layer under buildings and estimate its displacement to reach its causes. This study embraces, two dimension electrical resistivity, and shallow seismic refraction surveys. The two dimension electrical imaging technique was interpreted in terms of depths and thicknesses of the geoelectric layers, on this regard, it suggests a succession of three layers, and in addition, the boundaries of the crack could be sensed. The shallow seismic refraction technique results revealed a succession of three seismic layers. These layers illustrated from both techniques are dried limestone "calcite to dolomite" layer, and the second is wetted to semi-wetted "Marley limestone". On the other hand, these parameters allow for separating the area into layers of different competence nature and consequently different appropriateness. Five cracks sites have been detected with its directions in the study area, the main reason of these crack reveal to the irrigation water which used in garden's watering among the buildings.

  14. Schools K-12, City of Hutchinson School Districts polygon layer, Published in 2003, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Hutchinson.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Schools K-12 dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2003. It is described as 'City of...

  15. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Bellevaux Phase 2; Quartiers durables BaLaLuZh. Rapport Lausanne-Bellevaux. Phase 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robinson, D.; Nicol, L. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire d' energie solaire et de physique du batiment (LESO-PB), Lausanne (Switzerland); Pattaroni, L. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire de sociologie urbaine (LASUR), Lausanne (Switzerland); Muehll, D. von der [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire Choros, Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2007-04-15

    This comprehensive final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the second phase of the project in the Bellevaux district of Lausanne. The work done in this second phase is reviewed. The results of phase 1 were followed up in that it was decided to facilitate the renovation of specific buildings where possible. A further aim was to evaluate the extent to which cycling is used as a means of transport as well as to identify possible barriers and solutions to the more widespread use of cycling as a means of transportation. The report describes the work necessary and strategies for specific buildings, including participatory procedures. As far as cycling is concerned, the results of questionnaires are examined and discussed. Communication and animation projects are also looked at.

  16. 2005 US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Post-Hurricane Katrina LiDAR: Mississippi and Western Alabama

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — LiDAR data was acquired for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Mobile District in September-October 2005 along the coastline of Hancock, Harrison, Jackson...

  17. Government Districts, Other - MO 2014 Springfield Conditional Overlay Districts (SHP)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Conditional Overlay District polygons for the City of Springfield, inside city limits only. Created and maintained by the GIS Division of the Information Systems...

  18. Zoning Districts - MO 2011 Springfield Conditional Overlay Districts (SHP)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Conditional Overlay District polygons for the City of Springfield, inside city limits only. Created and maintained by the GIS Division of the Information Systems...

  19. District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit and distribution network, city of Piqua, Ohio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-01-01

    The feasibility analysis and evaluation of the Piqua, Ohio District Heating and Cooling Demonstration program is being conducted by the Piqua Municipal Power Co., the Piqua Law Dept., the Public Works Dept., a firm of economic analysts, and the Georgia Tech Engineering Dept. This volume contains information on the organization and composition of the demonstration team; characterization of the Piqua community; and the technical, environmental, institutional; financial, and economic assessments of the project. (LCL)

  20. Dental Caries Prevalence in the Children of the District of Mosqueiro in the City of Belém, State of Pará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Henrique Costa PINHEIRO

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The study had the objective to check the dental caries prevalence in the children attend by the communitarian agents of health of the Program Health of the Family of the District of Mosqueiro, City of Belém, State of Pará, Brazil, with the purpose of subsidizing the projection of the actions of promotion, prevention and treatment of the staff of oral health. Method: 887 children were examined in the age groups from 18 to 36 months, 5 years and 12 years of age in accordance with the standards recommended by the WHO, checking the events of the caries in the studied population. Results: The caries prevalence in the population of the district of Mosqueiro to 18-36 months of age was 31.68%, progressing in spite of passing the ages, brought near attacking 63.69% of the 12-year-old children. The decayed, to be extracted, filled index (DEF index to five years found in Mosqueiro went of 3.57 and the decayed, missing, filled index (DMF index to 12 years went of 1,80. Regarding the marks proposed by the World Health Organization for the year of 2000, the reached only one was in the age of 12-year-old children, in which the DMF index of 1,80 was less than three. Conclusion: The caries prevalence in the population of Mosqueiro is due to implement effective actions for the control of the disease in this territory.

  1. GIS-BASED ANALYSIS OF URBAN LAND-USE CHANGES--A Case Study of Haizhu District of Guangzhou City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes a GIS-based spatial analysis method that combines qualitative analysis and quantita-tive analysis to characterize land-use patterns and predict the trend of future land-use changes in Haizhu District ofGuangzhou City, China. Spatial technique is introduced to manage land-use data and derive information of land-usechanges. Through the case study for the selected area, it is demonstrated that the method and technique introduced in thepaper can be effectively utilized for the analysis of urban land-use changes. Based upon this analysis, the paper also pro-vides discussions and recommendation on urban land-use planning, urban planning and land management. Both land-usemaps of Haizhu District of Guangzhou in 1995 and 1997 and the remote sensing images of 1999 are utilized in the cur-rent research. It is convenient to get various statistic data and to combine attribute data with spatial data so as to analyzeland-use changes in a geographic context, which is especially suitable for the need of urban construction department, ur- ban management department and urban planning department.

  2. Parking System Improvement Strategies for Old Districts in Huangshi City%黄石市老城区停车系统改善策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晏勇

    2014-01-01

    Aiming at the worsening parking problems and limited space for more parking facilities in older districts of a city, this paper conducts a study on the parking system improvement strategies. The transporta-tion development and existing parking conditions in Huangshi city are introduced first followed by the analysis of the parking problems. Through proposing a general framework of parking system improvement in old districts, the paper illustrates the improvement strategies in three development levels: establishing feedback cycle between travel demand and land use development, and implementing differentiating park-ing supply at macro level;developing parking improvement strategies for high density business district, en-hancing traffic impact assessment system, and promoting parking construction compensation at interim lev-el; and prioritizing distribution of parking facilities, promoting parking fee management and developing parking guidance system at micro level.%针对老城区停车问题突出且增加停车设施供给空间有限的现状,研究老城区停车系统改善策略。首先分析黄石市老城区的交通概况及停车现状,探讨其停车难问题的原因。在提出老城区停车系统总体改善框架的基础上,分别探讨宏观、中观、微观三个层面的停车系统改善策略。宏观层面,提出建立交通分析与用地开发的反馈机制、实行停车“差异化”供给。中观层面,提出商业密集区停车改善策略、强化交通影响评价制度和推行停车配建建设补偿制度。微观层面,提出优化停车设施布局、实行停车收费管理以及建设停车诱导系统。

  3. Developments to an existing city-wide district energy network: Part II – Analysis of environmental and economic impacts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Significant CO2 emission reductions would result from these expansions. ► MSW-fuelled CHP has lower CO2 emission factors than energy from fossil fuels. ► Using processed municipal waste could reduce the CO2 emission rate by 4 t/h. ► This scheme could be eligible to receive financial support from the government. - Abstract: District heating can provide cost-effective and low-carbon energy to local populations. Although this is rare in the UK, Sheffield already has an award-winning district energy network. It has been previously determined that this could be expanded to incorporate new heat sources and sinks. This paper determines the environmental and socio-economic impacts, focussing on various fuels. Combined-heat-and-power generation in Sheffield coupled with sustainable/renewable fuels, like waste, offer high efficiencies (>77%) and consistently lower carbon emission factors (0.04–0.14 kg/MJ) than conventional energy generation using fossil fuels, since up to 80% of the fuel-carbon is biogenic (CO2-neutral). Processing municipal waste into a refuse-derived fuel prior to combustion or lowering the return-water temperature by 35 °C in the district heating network could further improve efficiencies (81–93%) and reduce CO2 emission rates by 4 t/h for the Sheffield plant, increasing avoided emissions from 69,000 t/a to 80,000–91,000 t/a. Moreover, ways in which the energy supply could be further decarbonised were identified, as well as methods to minimise the impacts of responding to changes in demand. Though initial costs of such schemes are high, they can be economically-viable for the investor/operator and consequently offer competitive rates for customers. Financial support is also available through government-backed schemes.

  4. Soil As contamination and its risk assessment in areas near the industrial districts of Chenzhou City, Southern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Xiao-Yong; Chen, Tong-Bin; Xie, Hua; Liu, Ying-Ru

    2005-08-01

    In order to assess soil As contamination and potential risk for human, soil, paddy rice, vegetable and human hair samples from the areas near the industrial districts in Chenzhou, southern China were sampled and analyzed. The results showed that the anthropogenic industrial activities have caused in local agricultural soils to be contaminated with As in a range of 11.0-1217 mg/kg. The GIS-based map shows that soil contamination with As occurred on a large scale, which probably accounted for up to 30% of the total area investigated. Soil As concentration abruptly decreased with an increase in the distance from the polluting source. High As concentrations were found in the rice grain that ranged from 0.5 to 7.5 mg/kg, most of which exceed the maximal permissible limit of 1.0 mg/kg dry matter. Arsenic accumulated in significantly different levels between leafy vegetables and non-leafy vegetables. Non-leafy vegetables should be recommended in As-contaminated soils, as their edible parts were found in relatively low As level. Arsenic concentrations in 95% of the total human hair samples in the contaminated districts were above the critical value, 1.0 mg/kg, set by the World Health Organization. Arsenic could be enriched in human hair to very high levels without being affected by As containing water. The results revealed that the soils and plants grown on them are major contributors to elevate hair As in the industrial population. Therefore, the potential impact on human health of ingestion/inhalation of soil As around the industrial districts seems to be rather serious. Hence proper treatments for As contaminated soils are urgently needed to reduce the contamination. PMID:15979720

  5. The SWOT analysis and countermeasure research on the development of the tourism industry in the new district of Wuyi city%武夷新区旅游产业发展的SWOT分析及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽华

    2013-01-01

    The new district of wuyi city emerging as a new growth area of nanping city, and future of rising urban centre and the emerging industrial base, as a"world heritage site, green eco-city", low carbon energy saving, green environmental protection have become a topic of the development of the new district of wuyi city. Low carbon, environmental protection should be highlighted when choosing the leading industry, this paper used the SWOT analysis method, analyzed the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges of the development in the new district of wuyi city choosing tourism industry as the leading industry, and put forward proposals about raising awareness, improving market share, improving tourist attraction of the development of tourism industry in the new district of wuyi city.%武夷新区作为南平市的新增长区域、未来的新兴中心城市和新兴产业基地,定位为“世界遗产地、绿色生态城”,低碳节能、环保绿色已成为武夷新区发展的主题。在选择主导产业时,更要突出低碳、环保,文章运用SWOT分析法,分析论证了武夷新区选择旅游产业作为主导产业发展的优势、劣势、机遇和挑战,并对武夷新区旅游产业发展,就提高知名度、提升市场占有率、提升游客吸引力等方面提出对策建议。

  6. STATUS AND ROLE OF RAG PICKERS IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN AMBIKAPUR CITY SURGUJA DISTRICT (C.G.)

    OpenAIRE

    Devendra N. Pandey; Jermina Tirkey; Sandeep Kumar Shukla

    2014-01-01

    Waste has been a major environmental issue everywhere since the industrial revolution. Besides the waste we create at home, school and other public places, there are also those from hospitals, industries, farms and other sources. Humans rely so much on material things and they all (almost) end up as waste. Economic development, urbanization and improved living standards in cities contribute to increase in the quantity and complexity of generated solid waste. If accumulated...

  7. Formation of City-Lake Integrated Urban Morphology in Hangzhou: A Study on the Related History Starting from the New Market Plan of the Lakefront District in Early Modern Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu; Shulan; Yukio; Nishimura; Qian; Fang

    2015-01-01

    In the early modern times in China, local planners have made several construction plans for Hangzhou’s old city center and the West Lake, resulting in the gradual formation of a city-lake integrated urban form, which is valued nowadays for its uniqueness and characteristically Chinese cityscape aesthetics. The key plan that spurred this process of linking the old city with the West Lake was a plan titled "Building a New Market"(1914). By elucidating the time, process, and contents of the plan, this paper analyzes the spatial transformation of the lakefront districts based on old maps, and then interprets how it led the forming process of the "city-lake integrated" urban form in Hangzhou.

  8. Social Hygiene and Social Medicine in Interwar Czechoslovakia with the 13th District of the City of Prague as Its Laboratory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mášová, Hana

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Health services in the newborn Czechoslovak Republic had to cope not only with the consequences of the First World War, but also with the new approaches to health policy. Modern social medicine challenged the conventional model of the so-called “police medicine” – the deep-rooted concept of Public Health in the Middle European countries. The necessity to resolve the contradiction between preventative and curative care led to the conclusion that the form and tasks of health centres, whether run by voluntary bodies or by the state/regional authorities, had to be reconsidered. The ambitious goal was to find new and more effective ways to cooperation between the various subjects of health assistance, consultancy, and – eventually - social aid. As an example of such an institution, providing both curative and preventive/consultant service, can be found in one of the most rapidly developing parts of the city of Prague – the new Czechoslovak capital. The “model district” in Prague XIII should have become the location utilizing the latest methods of social hygiene and healthcare organization, an enterprise of coordinated social work and health service. Only in the first years of its existence did it function in accordance with its aims; especially as a teaching arrangement - a tutorial service of the State Health Institute for the education of medical personnel, especially health and social nursing sisters, – and as a source of statistical research. The work of the voluntary organizations and health officers was successfully coordinated. But plans to reorganise the Health Office of the City of Prague, and to extend the system to other districts, faltered and eventually failed. Nevertheless, the principle was kept in mind by the later health care reformers, and survived.

  9. Heavy metals in road dust from Xiandao District, Changsha City, China: characteristics, health risk assessment, and integrated source identification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fei; Zhang, Jingdong; Huang, Jinhui; Huang, Dawei; Yang, Jun; Song, Yongwei; Zeng, Guangming

    2016-07-01

    The physicochemical properties and the contents of metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr, and Fe) in 51 road dust samples from Xiandao District (XDD) were investigated. Enrichment factor (EF), multivariate statistics, geostatistics, and health risk assessment model were adopted to study the spatial pollution pattern and to identify the priority pollutants and regions of concern and sources of studied metals. The mean EFs revealed the following order: Cd > Zn ≈ Pb ≈ Cu > Cr. For non-carcinogenic effects, the exposure pathway which resulted in the highest levels of exposure risk for children and adults was ingestion, followed by dermal contact and inhalation. Hazard index (HI) values for the studied metals at each site were within the safe level of 1 except maximum HI Cr (1.08) for children. The carcinogenic risk (CR) for Cd and Cr at each site was within the acceptable risk level (1E-06) except CR Cr (1.08E-06) for children in the road intersection between the Changchang highway and the Yuelin highway. Cr was identified as the priority pollutant followed by Pb and Cd with consideration of the local population distribution. Spatially, northwest and northeast of XDD were regarded as the priority regions of concern. Results based on the proposed integrated source identification method indicated that Pb was probably sourced from traffic-related sources, Cd was associated with the dust organic material mainly originated from industrial sources, and Cr was mainly derived from both sources.

  10. Heavy metals in road dust from Xiandao District, Changsha City, China: characteristics, health risk assessment, and integrated source identification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fei; Zhang, Jingdong; Huang, Jinhui; Huang, Dawei; Yang, Jun; Song, Yongwei; Zeng, Guangming

    2016-07-01

    The physicochemical properties and the contents of metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr, and Fe) in 51 road dust samples from Xiandao District (XDD) were investigated. Enrichment factor (EF), multivariate statistics, geostatistics, and health risk assessment model were adopted to study the spatial pollution pattern and to identify the priority pollutants and regions of concern and sources of studied metals. The mean EFs revealed the following order: Cd > Zn ≈ Pb ≈ Cu > Cr. For non-carcinogenic effects, the exposure pathway which resulted in the highest levels of exposure risk for children and adults was ingestion, followed by dermal contact and inhalation. Hazard index (HI) values for the studied metals at each site were within the safe level of 1 except maximum HI Cr (1.08) for children. The carcinogenic risk (CR) for Cd and Cr at each site was within the acceptable risk level (1E-06) except CR Cr (1.08E-06) for children in the road intersection between the Changchang highway and the Yuelin highway. Cr was identified as the priority pollutant followed by Pb and Cd with consideration of the local population distribution. Spatially, northwest and northeast of XDD were regarded as the priority regions of concern. Results based on the proposed integrated source identification method indicated that Pb was probably sourced from traffic-related sources, Cd was associated with the dust organic material mainly originated from industrial sources, and Cr was mainly derived from both sources. PMID:27000116

  11. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project. Final report phase 2. BaBeL Lucerne; Nachhaltige Quartierentwicklung BaLaLuZh. Schlussbericht Phase 2. Quartier BaBeL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wandeler, M.; Inderbitzin, J. [Babel, Lucerne (Switzerland); Geissbuehler, D. [Hochschule fuer Technik und Architektur (HTA) Luzern, Horw (Switzerland)

    2006-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the second phase of the project concerning the Baselstrasse and Bernstrasse districts in Lucerne. Alongside the planned work, a planning instrument that aids co-ordination and know-how-transfer was developed in this second phase. This master plan and the organisational structure for 2006 is described. Application work to be done from 2007 onwards is looked at. The main part of this report consists of eight annexes that define and describe building blocks for measures to be taken, the master plan, a plan of action 2007 - 2009, along with organisational and financial data.

  12. Excavation on the Halazhuang Site in Baodi District, Tianjin City%天津市宝坻区哈喇庄遗址的发掘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅鹏云; 陈雍; 纪列敏; 张俊生; 刘建; 邸明

    2005-01-01

    In May to July 1997, the former Archaeological Department of Tianjin Municipal Museum of History excavated on a site at Halazhuang Village of Huogezhuang Township in Baodi District, Tianjing City. Within the area of above 170,000 sq m the site occupies, they revealed a house-foundation, 61 ash-pits, six ash-trenches and four tombs, and brought to light mainly pottery and porcelain. The pottery is largely of gray clay ware and belongs chiefly to the jar, basin, urn and fu cauldron types. The porcelain is principally white ware and includes dishes, bowls, and a small number of black-glazed articles. Judging from the unearthed objects, the site contains cultural deposits roughly of the late Liao, early Jin, and late Jin to early Yuan periods, with those of the latter two phases as the main remains. It can be preliminarily inferred that the site was a village from the late Liao to the early Yuan, which was abandoned and became a cemetery in the early Ming period.

  13. Simulation of low-carbon tourism in world natural and cultural heritage areas: An application to Shizhong District of Leshan City in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The national goal of 40-45% mitigation of the 2005 level intensity of carbon by 2020 was announced by the Chinese government at the Copenhagen Conference. Every industry in China is preparing to realize this national reduction target. Some attempts have been made to achieve low-carbon development in a few industries, but relatively little work has linked low-carbon development to tourism. This article concentrates on how to develop low-carbon tourism using a quantitative approach. Firstly, the tourism system including some mutual influence factors is investigated and some historical data are given in support for the research of their quantitative relationship. Secondly, a differential dynamic system model with fuzzy coefficients is proposed to predict tourism revenue, energy consumption, waste emissions and the carbon intensity. Finally, an application to Shizhong District of Leshan City in China (LCSD), as a representative of a world natural and cultural heritage area, is presented to show the trend of modern tourism in a low-carbon economy and prove the effectiveness of the proposed model. - Highlights: → The system of low-carbon tourism is described. → A differential dynamic model with fuzzy coefficients is developed. → Carbon intensity in the tourism system will gradually decrease. → Some suggestions about developing low-carbon tourism are exhibited.

  14. 重庆市南岸区肥料市场分析%Analysis on Fertilizer Market in Nan'an District of Chongqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳霞; 叶田甜

    2012-01-01

    This paper focused on the fertilizer market in Nan' an district of Chongqing City. It found that few varieties of chemical fertilizer existed in this region and updated slowly,the market of organic fertilizer was small, seasonal fluctuations of fertilizer sales were large. Popularize the technology of soil testing and formula fertilization to promote the development of formula fertilizer, encouraging the sales of new fertilizer to rich fertilizer variety, enhancing the propaganda of fertilizer in the main sales season to improve farmer scientific understanding.%对重庆市南岸区肥料市场进行分析,发现该区存在化肥品种少、更新慢,商品有机肥市场小,肥料销售量季节性波动大等问题。建议推广测土配方施肥技术,以此推动该区专用肥、配方肥的发展;鼓励新型肥料的销售,丰富肥料品种;增强主要销售季节的肥料宣传,提高农户科学认识。

  15. Effect of Air Pollutants on Rain Water Characteristics in Hammam Al-Aleel District/ Al-Erej Village South of Mosul City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayad F. Qasim

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study focused on Hammam Al-Aleel district/ Al-Erej village which is located south of Mosul city. This area has been suffering from spreading the air-pollutants resulted from the chimneys of Hammam Al-Aleel cement factories. Different areas were chosen for collecting samples of the rain water from December 2008 to March 2009. The study showed that rain-water is generally basic. The tests show an increase in ( EC, Mg+2, Ca+2, Cl-1, SO4-2 and NO-1,  due to the air pollutants emitted from local industries. The concentration of heavy elements represented by  Pb and Cd were high and this increase is due to the source of these elements from burning of the crude oil which is used in running the rotating kiln to produce the clinker in cement factory, In addition to the fuel used for  running vehicle and the friction between tires and  road.

  16. EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROGRAM OF EMPOWERMENT OF THE WOMEN RESIDING AT THE COASTAL AREA OF AMPENAN DISTRICT, MATARAM CITY, LOMBOK IMPLEMENTED IN THE FORM OF LIFE SKILLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Putu Listiawati

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The program of the empowerment of the women living in Mataram City implemented inthe form of life skills including vocational skill, social skill, and personal skill has been carriedout since 2001. In reality, the attempts already made could not improve the well-being of thewomen in Mataram City in general and the women living along the coastal area of Ampenan,South Ampenan District and Banjar District in particular. Based on the background mentionedabove, the researcher was interested in exploring the effectiveness of the program of theempowerment provided in the form life skills. Three problems are formulated in this research.They are (1 how effective the implementation of the empowerment program of the womenresiding at the coastal area of Ampenan District was?; (2 what factors contributed to theeffectiveness of the empowerment program of the women residing at the coastal area?; (3 whatwere the effects and meanings of the effectiveness of the empowerment program of the womenresiding at the coastal area? The theories employed to answer the problems formulated above arethe theory of post feminism by Ann Brooks, the theory of social practice by Bourdieu and thetheory of power/knowledge by Foucault. The theories were eclectically applied. The qualitativemethod was employed in this study and the data needed were collected by the techniques ofobservation, in-depth interview, Focus Group Discussion (hereon abbreviated to FGD,documentation and library research.The results of the study show that (1 the program of the empowerment of the womenliving in the coastal area was ineffective; (2 the factors which contributed to the effectivenessof the empowerment of the women living along the coastal area are economic capital, culturalcapital, socio culture and symbolic culture; (3 the effects of the effectiveness of theempowerment program were on the skills acquired, the income earned, the independenceacquired, the environment where they live and their pattern

  17. DENGUE VECTOR CONTROL BEHAVIOR IN PRIMARY SCHOOL COMMUNITY IN TEMBALANG DISTRICT, SEMARANG CITY=PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE PADA KOMUNITAS SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN TEMBALANG, KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aryani Pujiyanti

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISHAbstractTembalang district was a Dengue endemic area in Semarang City that had a highest incidence rate of Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF in 2010. Aedes vector control behavior was still low. School community’s vector control behavior played a role in dengue prevention programs in schools. The purpose of the study was to identify knowledge, attitude and behavior of dengue vector control in primary school community. This study used across sectional design. Samples were 107 primary school teachers and janitors in Tembalang District, Semarang City in 2011. Sampel was choosed with proportional random sampling method. Data were collected through interviews using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed descriptively (univariat analysis. Results showed that school community awareness in dengue transmission was low because respondents did not know about secondary infection of DHF and the existence of Aedes mosquito that perceived unserious in community. Respondents did not feel as risk population because dengue was understood as a disease that attacked school children rather than adults. The effectiveness of mosquito nest eradication (PSN for vector control activity in Tembalang District did not have positive response from school community. Vector control and biting prevention in school environment were need improvement. This study recommended health promotion to DHF infection, mosquito nest eradication activities, and DHF vector behavior for teacher and janitorsINDONESIANAbstrakKecamatan Tembalang merupakan wilayah endemis DBD dengan angka kesakitan DBD tertinggi di Kota Semarang pada Tahun 2010.Perilaku pengendalian jentik nyamuk Aedes di lingkungan sekolah di Kecamatan Tembalang masih rendah. Pemahaman komunitas sekolah terhadap upaya pengendalian vektor ikut berperan dalam program pencegahan DBD di sekolah.Tujuan penelitian adalah mengidentifikasi pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku pengendalian vektor DBD pada komunitas sekolah dasar

  18. Police Districts, City of Wichita Police Department bureau, beat, and reporting area boundaries. Primary attributes include reporting, beat, and bureau. Used for Public Safety map rolls. Published to wibeat_a.shp and wibure_a.shp, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Sedgwick County, Kansas.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Police Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'City of...

  19. Population Densities of Birds Breeding in Urbanized Habitats in the Grabiszyn District in the City of Wrocław

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kopij Grzegorz

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Studies were carried out in 2010 by mean of simplified version of the mapping method. The study area (395 ha was located close to the city centre. It comprised a mosaic of urbanized habitats, with a clear dominance of green areas, such as parks (41.1 ha, gardens, cemeteries and tree clumps. A total of 48 breeding bird species were recorded in the whole study area. The most common (<25 pairs/100 ha were Passer domesticus, Passer montanus, Sturnus vulgaris, Parus caeruleus, Parus major, Apus apus and Columba livia. Numerous (7-15 pairs/100 ha were also the following species: Columba palumbus, Turdus pilaris, Sylvia atricapilla, Serinus serinus, Turdus merula and Pica pica. Insectivorous birds were the most common birds constituting 63.3%, and granivorous -32.6% of all pairs recorded. Most birds nested in tree holes (39.3%, in/on buildings (30.2% and in trees/shrubs (25.6%. Distribution of breeding pairs of 23 bird species was presented on maps. Population trends for 17 species were documented. Rapid increase in numbers of Turdus pilaris, Corvus cornix and Phoenicurus phoenicurus and decrease of Pica pica were recorded.

  20. Epidemiological Analysis of Syphilis in Futian District of Shenzhen City%深圳市福田区梅毒流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑铁洪; 朱红; 赵蓉; 许宗严; 邱莉霞; 帅俊; 曾泰生

    2012-01-01

    To investigate the epidemiological characteristics and development trend of syphilis in Futian District of Shenzhen City, and to provide a scientific basis for instituting and adjusting the strategy of syphilis control. Methods Surveillance data about syphilis epidemic situation in Futian District from 2007 to 2011 were statistically analyzed. Results A total of 5,542 cases of syphilis were reported in Futian District from 2007 to 2011, and the incidence rate of syphilis was 88.84/ 100,000, with an average annual growth rate of 1.93%. The average annual growth rate of latent syphilis was 9.66% , while the yearly descending rate of other syphilis (including stage 1, stage II and stage III syphilis and congenital syphilis) was 7.87 %. No statistically significant difference was found in the total incidence rate of syphilis between men and women (P = 0.72). The female incidence rate of latent syphilis was higher than that in the males (P<0. 001), while the female incidence rate of other syphilis was lower than that in the males (P<0.001). Conclusions In recent years, the incidence of syphilis is at a high level in Futian District. In order to control the development of syphilis epidemic, it is necessary to enhance health education and behavioral interventions, improve the awareness of syphilis screening among the population, and establish the prevention and control mode that centralized control of syphilis patients interacts with follow- up.%目的 了解深圳市福田区梅毒流行的特点和发展趋势,为制订和调整梅毒防控策略提供科学依据.方法 对福田区2007-2011年梅毒疫情监测资料进行统计和分析.结果 2007-2011年深圳市福田区共报告梅毒5542例,发病率为88.84/10万,年均上升速度为1.93%,其中隐性梅毒发病率年均上升9.66%,非隐性梅毒(指一期、二期、三期和胎传梅毒)年均下降7.87%;梅毒总的发病率男女差异无统计学意义(P=0.72);各期梅毒中,隐性梅毒

  1. Minneapolis district-heating options

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stovall, T. K.; Borkowski, R. J.; Karnitz, M. A.; Strom, S.; Linwick, K.

    1981-10-01

    The feasibility of a large-scale district heating system for the Minneapolis central city area was investigated. The analysis was based on a previous city of St. Paul Hot-water district heating study and other studies done by a Swedish engineering firm. Capital costs such as building and heat source conversion, pipeline construction, and equipment were used in comparing the projected expenses of various district heating scenarios. Options such as coal, refuse-derived fuel burning, and cogeneration at the Riverside Power Station were discussed as energy supplies for a cost-effective district heating system.

  2. Human Resources and Vaccine Management at Provincial Health Office, District/City Health Office and Primary Health Centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Leny Susyanty

    2015-03-01

    (GAIN UCI 2010–2014 stated that the general problems of decline in immunization coverage and quality of service were caused by several things, one of which is the lack of quantity, quality and distribution of human resources. Methods: A cross-sectional mix-method study to investigate human resources in vaccine management had been conducted in two provinces in 2012. Primary data were collected by interviewing stakeholders thoroughly, secondary data collection and observation were also carried out. Analysis was done by scoring for data concerning education, length of employment, training experience and knowledge. Result:The number of Vaccine management officers are still lacking. While the immunization guidelines required minimal two officers for each health centers. Officers’ knowledge in primary health centers is still inadequate, especially in terms of the vaccine and Coldchain (Ice Lined Refrigerators. Officers at Provincial Health Office had been trained in vaccine management, but not all officers at District Health Office and Primary Health Centers had received training yet. Suggestion: This study suggests the addition of the quantity and quality of human resources in vaccine management, because the officers can affect the quality of the vaccines, because vaccines need a special handling to maintain the quality to provide immunity and prevent the occurrence of diseases that can be prevented by immunization (PD3I.Key words: vaccine, human resources, training, knowledge

  3. 秦皇岛森林逸城小区花境应用调查%Application of Flower Border at Senlinyicheng Residential District in Oinhuangdao City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巩如英; 王颖; 杜洁; 徐迎碧; 温瑀

    2012-01-01

    以秦皇岛森林逸城小区为例,对该小区的花境应用现状进行了实地调查与分析.调查结果表明,该小区共有花境植物18种,分属11科,其中以宿根和球根花卉为主,共16种,占88.9%;花境观赏期从4月持续至10月下旬;花境色彩鲜艳,包括红色、黄色、粉色、白色等多种颜色,形成以大色块构图为主的群体美;主要包括林缘花境、路缘花境、滨水花境3种应用形式.通过分析发现,森林逸城小区花境应用存在持续性差,早春、秋冬效果差,种类少,景观单调,后期管理差等问题,并针对这些问题提出了相应的措施,包括:加强花境景观的持续性,提高早春、秋冬季节的观赏性,增加抗寒、抗逆性品种的应用.%Application of flower border in Senlinyicheng Residential District (or Leisure Forest City) was investigated and analyzed. The results showed that (a) there are 18 flower border species of 11 families, and 16 of them are perennial and bulbous flower species, accounting for 88. 9% of the total; (b) appreciation season lasts from April to the late October; (c) flower borders are colorful and dominated by large lumps of colors; (d) there are 3 major types: forest edge flower border, roadside flower border and waterfront flower border. Meanwhile, problems of flower border in the study district were summarized as poor sustainability, poor landscape effects in early spring, autumn and winter, boring landscapes, ineffective management. Correspondingly, countermeasures were given as enhancing the sustainability of flower border landscapes, improving landscape effects in early spring, autumn and winter, applying more species with better cold and stress resistance.

  4. 南宁城市游憩商业区(RBD)空间结构特征研究%Research on Spatial Structure Characteristics of Recreational Business District of Nanning City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云; 毛蒋兴; 黎元

    2014-01-01

    According to the theoretical research results about recreation business district (RBD) at home and abroad ,the paper examines urban recreation business district (RBD) space changes in differ‐ent stages from the development of Nanning city summarizing the characteristics of evolution and spa‐tial structure of Nanning city recreational business district (RBD) ,which aims to provide a useful ref‐erence for economic and tourism development ,and urban environmental improvement of Nanning .%基于国内外RBD的理论研究成果,从南宁市发展过程来考察各阶段城市游憩商业区空间变化历程,总结归纳南宁市游憩商业区(RBD )演变特征、空间结构特征,为促进南宁市经济和旅游业的发展、城市环境的改善提供有益的借鉴。

  5. Allegheny County School District Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates the school district boundaries within Allegheny County If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open...

  6. To the Issue on the History of the Cadet Corps in Tiflis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mamuka Gogitidze

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the issue of organizing in Tiflis the cadet corps. The Tiflis cadet corps was founded in 1882 year on the basis of the military school that existed in Tbilisi since 1875 year. In 1827, the officers and officials who served in the Caucasus, presented a petition to Nicholas I on the establishment in the city of Tiflis cadet corps in 150 children. The authors note that a serious problem to a certain extent, affect the quality of teaching cadets, the housing problem. Housing in Tiflis at that time very little was built. It was very difficult to find an apartment in the city on the take-out money for these purposes. The only solution to this problem was to increase salaries to pay for housing. This was done by Layminga recommendations.

  7. 无锡市锡山区职业卫生现况调查分析%Occupational health status in Xishan District of Wuxi City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成小林; 陈宇炼; 朱玮

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查2009-2011年无锡市锡山区职业卫生现状,提出相应的职业卫生管理对策.方法 以调查表和信息系统抽样调查相结合的方式对不同行业进行调查.结果 全区职业危害单位主要集中在化工、纺织和机械行业;大中型企业职业卫生管理措施较好,但小型企业较差.超标率:物理因素为27.37%,生产性粉尘为23.58%,化学毒物为3.21%.机械行业(33.33%)和建材行业(66.67%)生产性粉尘点超标率较高,纺织行业(40.40%)、机械行业(33.71%)、交通行业(30.50%)和轻工行业(33.09%)噪声点超标率较高.职业病危害因素中矽尘(78.26%)、一氧化氮(33.33%)、噪声(27.57%)和碳黑尘(25.00%)点超标率较高,其中矽尘超标最严重.2009-2011年,检出疑似职业病46人,确诊职业病112人,以机械行业职业病检出最多(82.14%),锡山区职业病类型以尘肺病为主(75%).结论 锡山区总体职业卫生状况仍存在较大问题,应加强重点行业的监管,加强职业病的监测和预警.%[Objective] To investigate the current situation of the occupational health in Xishan District of Wuxi City,and put forward a corresponding strategy for the management of occupational health.[Methods] A combined method with the questionnaire and sampling survey of the information system was adopted to investigate different industries.[Results] The occupational hazard units mainly existed in the chemical industry,textile and machinery industry of this district.The managerial actions of occupational health in the large and medium sized enterprises were preferable to others,but the small enterprises were a little worse; the over standard rate of the physical factors was 27.37%,that of the productive dust and the chemical poisons was 23.58% and 3.21%,respectively ; the over standard rate of the productive dust in machinery industry (33.33%) and building materials industry (66.67%) was a little higher; the over

  8. Smoking among Middle Students in Huairou District of Beijing City%北京市怀柔区中学生吸烟情况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫瑾; 张涛

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the smoking status of middle school students in Huairou District of Beijing City, to explore the school tobacco control mode, to reduce school students smoking rate, and provide a scientific basis for creating smoke-free schools. [ Methods] According to the classification of primary and secondary school in Beijing, completely random sampling method was adopted to select 3 secondary schools, 3 high schools, and 1 vocational high school in Huairou District. Cluster sampling was conducted in each grade to meet the needs of sample size. The study required the gender ratio of 1:1 in each school as far as possible. [Results]The survey results showed that attempting smoking rate and current smoking rates were 29.7% and 17.2% which were basically in line with the national level. [Conclusion] Smoking status of middle school students can not be ignored. Government and education departments should develop targeted smoking control policy in line with the characteristics of students to guide the activities related to health hazards of smoking in schools so as to reduce the harm of tobacco on students.%目的:了解北京市怀柔区中学生吸烟现况,探索学校控烟模式,降低中学生吸烟率,为创建无烟学校提供科学依据.方法:2010年9月根据北京市对中小学的分类,利用完全随机抽样方法抽取怀柔区初级中学3所、高级中学3所、职业高中1所,在每所学校内按顺序抽取不同年级的学生,在每一年级内对学生进行整群抽样,满足样本量需求.要求每所学校男女比例尽量一致符合1:1.结果:该学生尝试吸烟率与现在吸烟率分别为29.7%和17.2%,怀柔区中学生烟草使用率基本与全国水平持平.结论:中学生吸烟的现状不容忽视,政府和教育部门应制定有针对性的符合学生特点的控制吸烟政策,指导学校开展吸烟危害健康的相关活动,从而减少烟草对中学生的危害.

  9. Legislative Districts - Senate Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This layer represents the Arkansas State Senate district boundaries adopted by the Arkansas Board of Apportionment on July 29, 2011. The Board of Apportionment,...

  10. Legislative Districts - House Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This layer represents the Arkansas State House of Representatives district boundaries adopted by the Arkansas Board of Apportionment on July 29, 2011. The Board of...

  11. 黄山市屯溪区幼儿教师素质状况及对策研究%Research on quality status of preschool teachers in Tunxi District of Huangshan City and countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永杰; 豆妍妍

    2013-01-01

    笔者通过调查得出黄山市屯溪区幼儿教师素质的现状,分析影响黄山市屯溪区幼儿教师素质状况的因素,主要包括教育投入不足、理体制不完善、幼儿教师社会地位低、经济待遇差等方面,进而提出相应的对策。%The author surveys the status quo of the quality of kindergarten teachers in Tunxi region of Huangshan City, analyzes the factors affecting quality of preschool teachers in Huangshan City Tunxi district, including insufficient investment in education, management system is not perfect, the social status of preschool teachers is low, economic benefits is poor and so on, then put forward the corresponding countermeasure.

  12. 2006 USACE St. Louis District/USDA NRCS Lidar: Pine County, Minnesota

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) LAS dataset is a topographic survey conducted for the St. Louis District of the Army Corps of Engineers and the US...

  13. Deepwater Horizon MC252 - Oil Spill: Ocean Imaging Corp.'s Aerial Multispectral Oil Mapping System

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Ocean Imaging Corp.'s Aerial Multispectral Oil Mapping System employs a customizable 4-spectral channel system and IR imager integrated to allow simultaneous data...

  14. 78 FR 60918 - Innovation Corps Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ... Innovation Corps Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting In accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act...: Innovation Corps (I-Corps) for Advisory Committee, 80463. Date/Time: October 28, 2013, 3:00 p.m.-5:00 p.m..., Program Director, Innovation Corps (I-Corps), Engineering Directorate, National Science Foundation,...

  15. 上海市宝山区学校健康教育现状调查%School health education status in Baoshan District of Shanghai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王路; 蔡忠元; 陈婷; 杨来宝; 朱燕红; 靳沪生; 陈文曦

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解上海市宝山区学校健康教育开展情况,为今后制定相关计划和效果评价提供依据.方法 采用分层系统抽样的方法,在全区140余所学校中抽取各类学校共30所,进行健康教育现况调查.结果 291位承担健康教育的教师中有17人具有医学背景,占5.8%,29位心理咨询老师中19位具有心理专业资格,占65.5%;健康教育宣传阵地以黑板报、画廊为主,画廊版面数共79块,每学校平均2.63块,黑板数144块,每学校平均4.8块;健康教育课程和活动内容及其他、健康生活方式与慢性病防治类占较大比重,其中职业技术学校平均教学课时最高,小学平均健康活动最多,教学形式多为大课或广播形式,达60.0%,任课老师以卫生心理老师或班主任为主;控烟、食堂卫生等主要制度基本建立实施;学校基本健康服务情况良好,学生体检管理率达100%;有12所学校心理服务利用程度较低,7所服务人次数为0,占23.3%.结论 宝山区学校健康教育基本达到工作要求,但仍存在一些不足有待进一步加强和完善.%Objective To investigate the implementation of health education (HE) activities among schools in Baoshan District, Shanghai City, and provide evidence for plan and effect evaluation in future. Methods By using stratified systematic sampling method, totally 30 schools in different kinds were sampled from over 140 schools in Baoshan District Schools HE status were investigated. Results The number of teachers who had received medical training was 17 a-mong 291 teachers of HE in all schools, accounting for 5. 8%. 19 of 29 psychological teachers had professional qualifications, accounting for 65.5% . The chief HE propaganda were blackboards and posters. There were 79 posters in all schools, averaged 2. 63 per school, and 144 blackboards in all schools, averaged 4. 8 per school. Most HE contents and activities were associated to "other category

  16. Fire and EMS Districts, Tornado Warning Sirens ploygon layer used to determine the reach of the sirens, Published in unknown, City of Roswell, GA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Fire and EMS Districts dataset as of unknown. It is described as 'Tornado Warning Sirens ploygon layer used to determine the reach of the sirens'. Data by this...

  17. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Enterprise Zones - polygons. Special tax abatements for development, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, City of Salina.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of...

  18. Road Maintenance Districts, A polygon feature class representing pavement management zones, Published in 2011, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of San Luis Obispo.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Road Maintenance Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2011. It is described...

  19. Special Taxing Districts, Various taxing areas (CORE, TIF, Renaissance), updated as boundaires change, Published in 2011, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Bismarck.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Special Taxing Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2011. It is described...

  20. Metropolitan Development Districts, Emporia-Lyon County Metropolitan Planning Area, Published in 2003, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Metropolitan Development Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of...

  1. Prevalence and risk factors of primary open-angle glaucoma in a city of Eastern China: a population-based study in Pudong New District, Shanghai

    OpenAIRE

    He, Jiangnan; Zou, Haidong; Lee, Richard K.; Tong, Xiaowei; Tang, Wenli; Zhang, Yi; Zhao, Rong; Ge, Ling

    2015-01-01

    Background The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of primary open-angle glaucoma among the urban population of Pudong New District, Shanghai. Methods Three residents’ committees were randomly selected from Pudong New District, and residents aged 50 and older were screened for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) from March to April 2011. In remote screening, the tests on visual acuity, refraction, intraocular pressure (IOP), and the photographs of ant...

  2. Partitioning Study on Utilization and Development of Shallow Geothermal Energy in Huancui District of Weihai City%威海市环翠区浅层地热能开发利用适宜性分区研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴振; 王松涛; 祝子惠; 宋委; 衣伟虹

    2015-01-01

    As a new renewable ,environmental protection ,clean energy with huge reserves ,shallow geo‐thermal energy resources has gradually been recognized ,accepted and valued .In this paper ,by using AHP and comprehensive index method as the main research methods ,suitability zoning of shallow geothermal energy in Huancui district of Weihai city has been carried out .It will provide an important basis for devel‐opment and utilization of shallow geothermal energy resources in Huancui district of Weihai city .%浅层地热能资源作为一种可再生、环保、清洁、储量巨大的新型能源资源,逐渐被人们认识、接受和重视。该文选取层次分析法、综合指数法为主要研究方法,对威海市环翠区进行了浅层地热能适宜性分区,为威海市环翠区更好的开发利用浅层地热能资源提供了重要的依据。

  3. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Shapefile of City of Granbury Historic Neighborhood Interprise/Empowerment Zone, Published in 2007, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Granbury.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2007....

  4. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Municipal Service Area - area defined by Ordinance that provides for the City jurisdiction related to development and future growth, Published in 2009, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, City of Topeka.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2009. It...

  5. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Enterprise Zone within Emporia city limits. These sites are allowed discounted building permit fees., Published in 2010, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of...

  6. Election Districts and Precincts, Boundaries of the Voter Wards and Precincts in the City of Baltimore, MD., Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, City of Baltimore.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of...

  7. Zoning Districts, Zoning as of 2007 of City of Ashland, WI (due to zoning re-writes reflecting Comprehensive Plan), Published in 2007, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Ashland.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as 'Zoning as of...

  8. 75 FR 65028 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-21

    ... History, Eugene, OR AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. Notice is hereby given in... History, Eugene, OR, and U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, Portland... University of Oregon Museum of Natural and Cultural History, have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C....

  9. 77 FR 11568 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ... of Engineers, Walla Walla District, Walla Walla, WA, and the University of Oregon Museum of Natural... (Corps), Walla Walla, WA, and in the physical custody of the University of Oregon Museum of Natural and... Monument in Vancouver, WA. In 1960, a portion of the collection was transferred to and accessioned by...

  10. 77 FR 11576 - Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ... Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District, Walla Walla, WA, and in the physical custody of... Indian Reservation, Oregon; Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Indian Reservation of Oregon; Nez... human remains described above represent the physical remains of seven individuals of Native...

  11. CHONGQING, the Hot City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Chongqing is a well-known city with a history of more than 3,000 years. It is a famous historical and cultural city in China. Chongqing is the birthplace of the Bayu Culture. At present, Chongqing is a municipality directly under the Central Government with the largest area, the most administrative districts and the largest population.

  12. Deer City Legend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUHUANZHI; LILIKUN

    2003-01-01

    MORE and more commodities,such as clothes,shoes,millinery,lighters and shavers,now bear the “Made in Wenzhou”mark.It woule appear that Wenzhou grooms the whole nation.Lucheng(deer city)District in central Wenzhou is the nucleus of the city's thriving light industry sector.

  13. PROTECTING SCHEME STUDY ON POTABLE WATER SOURCE DISTRICT IN JIN TAN CITY%金坛市饮用水源地保护方案研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛学良; 陈建; 郑英铭; 彭补拙

    2001-01-01

    As the direct potable water source in Jintan City, Qianzidangdistrict is in the later stage of mesotrophication upon the recent monitoring data. On the basis of some advanced experiences on lake management, this paper puts forward a feasible protective engineering scheme for potable water source district (Qianzidang) in Jin Tan in accordance with the principles and method of systems engineering. The scheme embraces four projects, namely (1) to build up sluices at Anqiu Bridge and Nanzhou Bridge (and the one at Anqiu Bridge is the first choice) so that pollutants can be from entering the lake;2)as a necessary accessory for the above project, to supplement water capacity from Changdang Lake as a strategic water source into the protection program, and culvert-pipe plan is recommended from two other alternatives through systematic analysis; 3)to carry out comprehensive realignment for some reed regions which are located at the entrances of the lake, and to develop a wetland ecosystem mainly with some reeds; and 4) to set up a green protection belt right round the lake, including planting reeds at lakebeach, building forest belt, developing bases of green foodstuff and disposing sludges in the lake base. Finally, recommendations including the three-scale protection regions, administrative management systems and implementing plan are provided.%钱资荡是金坛市目前直接饮用水源地,根据环境监测结果,它已处于中营养化后期。借鉴国内外先进的湖泊管理经验,运用系统工程的思想和方法提出了切实可行的金坛市饮用水源地保护方案。该方案由4个工程子系统组成,(1)截污工程:在岸丘桥和南州桥位置各筑一节制闸(而岸丘桥工程又是首选工程),以封住湖泊两头入流,杜绝污染物进入水源地的截污工程;(2)引水工程:是截污工程的配套工程,利用下游长荡湖来补充水量,并对3个引水工程设想进行了系统分析,推荐涵管方

  14. Needed: Home Economists in the Peace Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Frances J.

    1978-01-01

    The primary reason home economists, nutritionists, and dietitians are being recruited by the Peace Corps is the national priority goal for achieving improved nutritional status in impoverished countries such as Costa Rica. However, several ways in which a home economist can contribute to Peace Corps activities and the role of this professional in…

  15. New Management Circle of Sinopec Corp Formed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    @@ The First Extraordinary General Meeting for the Year 2003 of China Petrochemical Corporation ("Sinopec Corp")was held in Beijing on April 22. The shareholders carefully examined the "Work Report of the First Session of the Board of Directors of Sinopec Corp"and the "Work Report of the First Session of the Supervisory Committee of Sinopec Corp." The Second Session of the board of directors of Sinopec Corp was elected at the extraordinary general meeting. They are Chen Tonghai, Wang Jiming,Mou Shuling, Zhang Jiaren,Cao Xianghong, FanYifei,Chen Qingtai, Ho Tsu Kwok Charles, Shi Wanpeng, Zhang Youcai and Cao Yaofeng,among whom Chen Qingtai,Ho Tsu Kwok Charles, Shi Wanpeng and Zhang Youcai were elected as independent directors. Li Yizhong, former chairman of Sinopec Corp, no longer acts as one of the directors of the company because his post has been adjusted.

  16. Le corps du sultan ottoman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Vatin

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available La personne du sultan est la clef de voûte de l’État ottoman. C’est son existence qui assure le bon ordre du monde. Il n’est donc pas étonnant que la société ottomane n’ait jamais admis la possibilité d’une solution de continuité dynastique et ait, de ce fait, accordé une importance considérable à la présence physique de la personne du souverain. Ainsi le corps vivant du sultan, s’il n’était pas à proprement parler sacré, était cependant d’une nature surhumaine, d’une valeur supérieure qui était plus que symbolique et dépassait sa personne individuelle.En conséquence, mort ou déposé, le sultan n’était plus rien et aucun respect particulier n’était dû à sa personne physique. Bien au contraire, alors que, en cas de décès, il devenait en théorie un musulman comme un autre, sa qualité d’ancien souverain faisait qu’il avait moins de droits qu’un autre. Son corps pouvait subir des traitements plus ou moins dégradants dictés par des considérations politiques, à commencer par le refus de toute solution de continuité dynastique qui obligea plus d’une fois à maintenir le décès secret et à retarder de plusieurs semaines l’inhumation du défunt.On peut cependant discerner des éléments de sacralisation du corps mort du sultan, voire même les traces d’un culte qui aurait pu se développer. Mais celui-ci était sans doute trop païen pour s’imposer dans un État qui tendit au cours des siècles à renforcer l’orthodoxie de ses pratiques et à accorder une place croissante à la dynastie au détriment de la personne des sultans individuels.

  17. Relationship Between Distribution of Residents’ Travels and Intensity of Mixed Land-use:A Case Study on Central Districts of Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>In recent years,the land-use structure of Guangzhou City has greatly changed along with the expansion of city size and the trans-formation of spatial layout,employment market,and real estate market,influencing in consequence the layouts of housing and employment and then the distribution of residents’ travels.The study on the relationship between the distribution of residents’ travels

  18. 2010年佛山市禅城区小学生恒牙龋病调查分析%Investigation of the Status of Permanent Tooth Caries of Schoolchildren in Chancheng District of Foshan City in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄诺蓓; 李志强; 翟炜东; 陈志斌; 王新

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of permanent tooth caries of schildren in Chancheng district of Foshan city to provide scientific bases for prevention and treatment on caries. Methods Based on guideline for 3 rd national oral health survey, a multistage equal-sized and simple random sampling survey was applied in Chancheng district school children of Foshan city. Results The permanent tooth caries prevalence rate was 4.96% in 7-year-old age group,12.19% in 9-year-old and 23. 13% in 12-year-old. And the DMFT was 0. 10, 0. 22, and 0.43 respectively. There was no significant difference between permanent tooth caries prevalence rate and DMFT in sexual distinction of schoolchildren in Chancheng district of Foshan city schoolchild in 2010, while there was significant difference in age. Conclusion It was important to strengthen the education of the oral hygiene knowledge, decrease the permanent tooth caries prevalence rate and increase the caries filling rate.%目的 了解佛山市禅城区小学生的龋病情况,为龋病的防治工作提供参考.方法 参照第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查龋病检查标准,采用多阶段等容量随机抽样方法,对佛山市禅城区小学生进行恒牙龋病调查.结果 2010年佛山市禅城区小学生患龋率7岁组为4.69%,9岁组为12.19%,12岁组为23.13%,龋均分别为0.10、0.22、0.43.患龋率和龋均在不同年龄组间的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),7岁组的最低,12岁组的最高;各年龄组患龋率、龋均的性别差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 加强口腔卫生知识宣教,降低龋病患病率,提高小学生龋齿充填率是目前工作的重点.

  19. Le corps dans l'Antiquité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Lalanne

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Ouvrages générauxLaqueur Thomas, La fabrique du sexe. Essai sur le corps et le genre en Occident, trad. fr., Paris, Gallimard, 1992.Feher Michel, Naddaff Ramona, Tazi Nadia, Fragments for a History of the Human Body, 3 volumes, New York, Zone Books, 1989.Le Corps dans l’AntiquitéBodiou Lydie, Frère Dominique, Mehl Véronique dir., L’expression des corps. Gestes, attitudes, regards dans l’iconographie antique, Rennes, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2006.Bonnard Jean-Baptiste, Le complexe de ...

  20. Navy Dental Corps: ninety years ... and forward.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woofter, Dennis D; Peters, Andrew; Kvaska, Greg; Turner, Carol I; Peters, Robert J; Shaffer, Richard G; Sobocinski, Andre B

    2003-01-01

    The Navy Dental Corps is responsible for ensuring the readiness of America's sailors and marines and optimizing their oral health. This article traces the history from the 1912 Act of Congress authorizing thirty "assistant dental surgeons" as the first Navy Dental Corps through service around the world. Navy dentists have seen service in every war and action in the past ninety years, reaching a peak of seven thousand officers and eleven thousand technicians in World War II. The Navy Dental Corps has served in the Korean and Vietnam Wars, Beirut, Somalia, Haiti, 9/11, Desert Storm, Desert Shield, and Operation Iraqi Freedom. PMID:12892336

  1. Luoyang Dual Spatial Criterion Ecological City Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Fazeng; Wang Shengnan

    2007-01-01

    The construction of an ecological city has two foundational platforms:the small platform,namely urban district or simply called as"city ecosystem";and the big platform,namely around city district in certain region scope or also referred to as"city-region ecosystem".The construction of an ecological city must be launched in the dual spatial criteria:in city(urban district)criterion-optimizing the city ecosystem;in city-region(city territory)criterion-optimizing the city-region ecosystem.Luoyang has the bright characteristic and the typical image within cities of China,and even in the world.The construction of anecological city in dual spatial criteria-the city and the city-region-has the vital significance to urbanization advancement and sustainable development in Luoyang.In city-region criterion,the primary mission of Luoyang's ecological city construction is to create a fine ecological environment platform in its city territory.In city criterion,the basic duty of Luoyang's ecologic city construction is to enhance the ecological capacity and benefit of the central city.

  2. Government Districts, Other - Montana Administrative Boundary Web Mapping Service

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Montana Administrative Boundaries Map Service includes the following boundaries: State, County, Incorporated City/Town, Reservation, School Districts, Tax Increment...

  3. Epidemiological Characteristics of Dengue Fever in Nanshan District of Shenzhen City in 2014%深圳市南山区2014年登革热疫情流行病学特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅燕艳; 戴传文; 叶俊; 晏渠如; 廖志林; 唐寒梅; 毛绍菊; 孙玮璇; 黄鹏

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT:Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of dengue fever in Nanshan district of shenzhen City in 2014.Methods The information regarding local dengue fever epidemic was obtained through China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention,and a de-scriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of regis-tered cases.Results A total of 104 cases of dengue fever (103 from laboratory diagnosis and 1 from clinical diagnosis)were reported in Nanshan district of Shenzhen city in 2014,including 57 local cases,46 imported cases and 1 case of dengue fever of unknown causes.The incidence rate of dengue fever was 9.29 per 100 000 and no death was reported.The epidemic period was from late July to late December,and the peak month was October.Dengue fever cases were found in every street of the district,and the majority was located in Shekou street.The imported cases were mainly from Southeast Asian countries.Conclusion The occurrence of dengue fever had a wide range and lasted for a long duration in Nanshan district of Shenzhen city in 2014.Both imported cases and local cases were present in this district.%目的:分析深圳市南山区2014年登革热疫情的流行病学特征。方法通过中国疾病预防控制信息系统获得本地登革热疫情信息,采用描述性流行病学方法对登记调查的病例进行流行病学特征分析。结果深圳市南山区2014年报告登革热患者104例,其中实验室诊断登革热103例,临床诊断登革热1例。输入性登革热患者46例,本地登革热患者57例,不明感染原因的登革热患者1例,发病率为9.29/10万,无死亡病例。流行季节在7月下旬至12月下旬,高峰在10月。全区各个街道均出现登革热患者,以蛇口街道居多。输入性登革热的输入来源地主要以东南亚国家为主。结论2014年深圳市南山区登革热发病范围广,持续时间长,输入性

  4. Engaged Learning and Peace Corps Service in Tanzania: An Autoethnography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darling, Brianna; Thorp, Laurie; Chung, Kimberly

    2014-01-01

    The Peace Corps Masters International program offers students the opportunity to combine their Peace Corps service with their master's education. This article demonstrates how classroom learning strengthened the author's Peace Corps service in Tanzania, which in turn strengthened her master's thesis. Peace Corps supports an approach…

  5. Expansion Strategy of Agricultural Industrial Chain of Suburban Villages and Towns in the Process of Urbanization——A Case Study of Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the connotation of agricultural industrial chain, taking Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City as an example, this paper analyzes the advantages and constraint factors of the suburban villages and towns in the process of expanding agricultural industrial chain in the context of urbanization. Corresponding strategies of expanding the agricultural industrial chain of Yongle Town in the process of urbanization as follows: vigorously develop the leading enterprises; strengthen the construction of farmers’ specialized cooperatives and agricultural associations; build and perfect agricultural industrial chain organizations; set up the public information platform; rely on the food industrial park to propel the deep processing of agricultural products; vigorously develop the logistics of agricultural products; promote the development of operation model of "brand+ standard+ scale"; vigorously develop ecology-oriented rural tourism; give full play to the functional role of the government.

  6. 2005-2011年沈阳市大东区猩红热流行特征%Epidemiological features of scarlet fever in Dadong District of Shenyang City from 2005-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙瑛; 唐景春

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To analyze the incidence trend and epidemiological characteristics of scarlet fever in Dadong District of Shenyang City, provide scientific basis for developing the control program of scarlet fever and evaluating the implementation effect. [Methods]The epidemic data of scarlet fever in Dadong District of Shenyang City from 2005 to 2011 were analyzed descriptively. [ Results] A total of 1 767 scarlet fever cases were reported in Dadong District of Shenyang City from 2005 to 2011, the average annual incidence rate was 37. 68/lakh, and the ratio of male-to-female was 1.46: 1 (P < 0. 01). The incidence rate in 0- 4 year-old age group was 258. 86/lakh, while that in 5-9 year-old age group, 10-14 year-old age group and over 15 year-old age group was 706.45/lakh, 106.58/lakh and 1.57/lakh, respectively. Students accounted for 38. 94% of total cases, kindergarten children and scattered children respectively accounted for 37. 80% and 20.03% . The cases reported in May to June and November to December accounted for 27.56% and 23.09% of the total cases respectively. [ Conclusion] The average incidence rate of scarlet fever is high in Dadong District of Shenyang City during 2005-2011. Students, kindergarten children and scattered children are the high-risk population, while the prevention and control should be strengthened.%目的 掌握沈阳市大东区猩红热发病水平及流行特征,为制定猩红热防治规划及评价实施效果提供准确依据.方法 对沈阳市大东区2005-2011年猩红热疫情资料进行描述性分析.结果 2005-2011年沈阳市大东区累计报告猩红热1 767例,年均发病率为37.68/10万,男女性别比为1.46:1 (P<0.01);0~4岁发病率为258.86/10万,5~9岁为706.45/10万,10~ 14岁106.58/10万,≥15岁为1.57/10万;学生发病占38.94%,幼托儿童占37.80%,散居儿童占20.03%;5、6月和11、12月病例分别占发病总数的27.56%、23.09%.结论 2005-2011年沈阳市大东区猩红热

  7. Analysis on Epidemiological Characteristics of Food Poisoning in Qingcheng District of Qingyuan City during 2004-2010%2004-2010年清远市清城区食物中毒流行特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎晓鸿; 黎智怡; 王国彬

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of food poisoning in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004- 2010, provide the basis for further prevention and control of food poisoning. [ Methods] The food poisoning occurred in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004 - 2010 were analyzed by retrospective epidemiology. [ Results] There were 45cases of food poisoning in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004 - 2010, 759 people were poisoned, the annual morbidity was 19. 30/lakh, and the fatality rate was 0. The quarter 1 and 2 were the peak season. The main pathogenic cause was bacteria, which accounted for 48.8%, followed by unexplained food poisoning ( 28.89% ). The places of food poisoning were mainly cafeteria, which accounted for 35.56%, followed by restaurants (33.33% ). [ Conclusion] The food poisoning occurred in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004 - 2010 were mainly bacterial food poisoning in cafeteria. Most of food poisoning occurred in family were caused by plant and animal toxicants, which were severe. The effective ways of prevention and control of food poisoning include enhancing the propaganda of food hygiene, strengthening the health management in factory cafeteria and improving the public consciousness of food hygiene.%目的 对清远市清城区2004-2010年食物中毒的流行特征进行分析,为进一步预防和控制食物中毒提供依据.方法 用回顾性流行病学方法 对清远市清城区2004-2010年发生的食物中毒进行分析.结果 清远市清城区2004-2010年共发生食物中毒45起,中毒人数759人,年均发病率为19.30/10万,病死率为0;中毒多发生在第2、3季度;致病因素以细菌性为主,占48.89% ,其次是原因不明的食物中毒,占28.89% ;中毒发生场所以集体食堂为主,占35.56% ,其次是饮食服务单位,占33.33%.结论 清远市清城区食物中毒以集体食堂发生的细菌性食物中毒为主,家庭发生的食

  8. 2004-2010年沈阳市和平区肺结核流行特征%Epidemic characteristics of TB in Heping District of Shenyang City from 2004-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宁; 沈华

    2012-01-01

    目的 掌握沈阳市和平区肺结核发病强度和流行特征,为制定肺结核防制规划提供依据.方法 利用描述流行病学方法分析该市肺结核相关疫情数据.结果 2004-2010年沈阳市和平区肺结核年均报告发病率为60.31/10万,各年度报告发病率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);男女性别比为2.26:1,男性报告发病率为83.74/10万,女性报告发病率为36.98/10万,男女肺结核报告发病率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);其他、家务及待业2项职业报告肺结核病例数居分别占报告病例数的37.21%、22.52%,20~59岁年龄组报告发病数占75.12%.结论 沈阳市和平区肺结核发病季节高峰不明显,男性报告发病率明显高于女性,发病职业高峰明显,呈典型的青壮年高发趋势.该区应加强组织领导,落实各项保证措施;加强培训,提高结核病专业人员的业务能力和管理水平;强化疫情报告,做好肺结核疑似病例的追踪、随访和订正工作;搞好肺结核患者的规范化治疗,提高全民防范意识和水平.%[ Objective ] To understand the disease intensity and epidemic characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) in Heping District of Shenyang City, and provide evidence for developing TB control programs. [Methods]Descriptive epidemiology was adopted to analyze the epidemic data of TB in Shenyang City. [ Results ] The reported TB incidence in Heping District of Shenyang City from 2004-2010 was 60.31/100 000, the difference between years was significant (P<0.01), the ratio of male to female was 2.26: 1, the reported incidence of male was 83.74/100 000, that of female was 36.98/100 000, the difference between genders was significant! P <0.01). The TB cases of other occupation, housework and unemployed accounted for 37.21% , 22.52% of total reported cases. The cases aged 20-59 years occupied 75. 12% of total cases. [ Conclusion] In Heping District of Shenyang City, Seasonal peak incidence of TB is not

  9. 济南市长清区大觉寺村一、二号汉墓清理简报%Excavation of Tombs No.1 and 2 of the Han Period at Dajuesi Village in Changqing District, Jinan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    济南市考古研究所; 长清区文物管理所

    2004-01-01

    In 2002 and 2003, two ancient tombs were discovered at Dajuesi Village of Guide Town in Changqing District, Jinan City. Tomb No. 1 is built of bricks and stones. It consists of a passage, an anterior room and a rear one, and yielded four pictorial stones, glazed pottery, copper coins and a stone table. Tomb No. 2 is also a brick-and-stone structure and consists of a ramping passage, a corridor, an eastern side room and a western one, an anteroom, and a back room. Its funeral objects include jade, stone, bronze, pottery objects and stones bearing designs and signs. The tomb shape and grave goods suggest that the tombs date from the late Eastern Han period.

  10. The Status and Countermeasures of Development on Plates Processing Enterprises in Yongqiao District of Suzhou City%宿州市埇桥区板材加工企业发展现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉侠

    2012-01-01

    以宿州市埇桥区板材加工企业为对象,从板材加工企业现状、运行机制、资金来源等多方面进行分析,探讨改善和加强板材加工企业发展的方法和措施,为地方经济发展提供一定科学的依据。%This paper aimd at some plate processing enterp rises in Yongqiao District of Suzhou City,analyzed the status of platcs processing enterprises,their operation mechanism,sources of funding.Measures to improve and strengthen the development of platcs processing enterprises were explored and provided a scientific basis for local economic development.

  11. Boise geothermal district heating system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanson, P.J.

    1985-10-01

    This document describes the Boise geothermal district heating project from preliminary feasibility studies completed in 1979 to a fully operational system by 1983. The report includes information about the two local governments that participated in the project - the City of Boise, Idaho and the Boise Warm Springs Water District. It also discusses the federal funding sources; the financial studies; the feasibility studies conducted; the general system planning and design; design of detailed system components; the legal issues involved in production; geological analysis of the resource area; distribution and disposal; the program to market system services; and the methods of retrofitting buildings to use geothermal hot water for space heating. Technically this report describes the Boise City district heating system based on 170/sup 0/F water, a 4000 gpm production system, a 41,000 foot pipeline system, and system economies. Comparable data are also provided for the Boise Warm Springs Water District. 62 figs., 31 tabs.

  12. Status Quo Analysis of Elderly People Taking Part in Table Tennis in Dongchangfu District of Liaocheng City%聊城市东昌府区老年人参加乒乓球运动的现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛维娜

    2015-01-01

    运用文献资料、问卷调查等研究方法,对聊城市东昌府区(古楼街道、柳园街道等5个街道)的老年人进行调查并对数据进行整理分析,结果显示聊城市东昌府区老年人参加乒乓球运动的主要动机是锻炼身体、娱乐。聊城市东昌府区乒乓球全民健身基础较弱,聊城市相关体育部和体育工作者缺乏有效的宣传和有效的组织,聊城市东昌府区老年人尚未形成乒乓球健身的意识。%With methods of literature and questionnaire,the paper investigates elderly people of Dongchangfu district of Liaocheng city (5 streets including Gulou street and Willow Park neighborhood) and conducts comprehensive analysis of the data.Results show that major motivation of elderly people in Dongchangfu district taking part in table tennis is to keep fit and have entertainment.Base for table tennis fitness for all in Dongchangfu district is feeble;related sports department in Liaocheng and sports workers lack effective advocacy and effective organization;elderly people haven’t formed the awareness of keeping fit by table tennis.

  13. Districting and Government Overspending

    OpenAIRE

    Reza Baqir

    2001-01-01

    The common-pool problem is a central issue in the relationship between the political structure of jurisdictions and the size of public spending. Models predict that, other things being equal, greater political districting of a jurisdiction raises the scale of government. This paper presents new evidence on this and related predictions from a cross-section of city governments in the United States. The main finding is that one additional legislator is associated, on average, with 3 percent larg...

  14. Prediction and Assessment of the Environmental Noise in Xiuzhou District of Jiaxing City%嘉兴市秀洲区环境噪声预测及评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈红霞; 胡俐帆; 陶岩英

    2011-01-01

    运用模糊聚类方法对秀洲区环境噪声质量进行分析,判断该区域的总体噪声污染水平.根据道路交通现状与规划情况,通过分析,简化运用FHWA模型,对秀洲区2011、2015和2020年的道路交通噪声污染情况进行定量预测,为秀洲区声环境质量保护目标的制定提供依据,可供其它城镇预测交通噪声的参考.%Fuzzy clustering method is used to analyze the environmental noise quality of Xiuzhou district and determine the overall level of noise pollution of this region. According to comprehensive analysis of the present road traffic situation and the city planning, the road traffic noise pollution in 2011, 2015 and 2020 years is quantitatively predicted by means of the simplified FHWA model. This paper may provide references for the environment quality protection of Xiuzhou district and prediction of traffic noise pollution levels of some other areas.

  15. Analysis on individual external dose level of radiation workers in Baodi District of Tianjin City%天津市宝坻区放射工作人员外照射个人剂量水平分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘河; 邢雅素

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解天津市宝坻区放射工作人员外照射个人剂量水平,为放射防护提供科学依据.方法 采用热释光剂量测量方法对宝坻区2007-2011年放射工作人员的个人剂量进行检测分析.结果 宝坻区5年内监测放射工作人员626人次,人均年有效剂量均数为0.57 mSv/a,每年低于5mSv的人员占当年总监测人数的98.7%以上;不同工种之间,以介入治疗和放射治疗较高,分别为1.74和1.00 mSv/a.结论 该区放射工作人员个人剂量人均剂量水平较低,但应将从事介入治疗和放射治疗的工作人员做为防护的重点.%[Objective ] To understand the individual external dose level of radiation workers in Baodi District of Tianjin City, and provide scientific evidence for radiological protection. [ Methods ] The individual external dose level of radiation worker was determined by thermoluminescence dosimetry in Baodi District of Tianjin City from 2007-2011. [Results] A total of 626 person-times of radiation worker monitory was performed in 5 years, the mean value of annual effective dose per capita was 0.57 mSv/a, and that of above 98.7% monitored radiation workers was less than 5 mSv. Among different occupations, the mean value of annual effective dose per capita was higher in interventional treatment (1.74 mSv/a) and radiation therapy (1.00 mSv/a). [ Conclusion] The per capita dose level and individual dose level of radiation worker are relatively low in this district, while the workers engaged in inter-ventional treatment and radiation therapy should been taken as focus group of protection.

  16. 1996~2010年广西崇左市江州区疟疾监测%Result of malaria surveillances in Jiangzhou District of Chongzuo City in 1996-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈远东

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析1996~2010年崇左市江州区疟疾监测结果,评价防治效果,为制定监测措施提供科学依据.方法 收集1996~2010年原崇左县卫生防疫站和江州区的疟疾疫情资料和疟疾监测数据,进行统计分析.结果崇左市江州区疟疾发病率从1996年的0.60/10万下降至2006~2010年的0.00,流动人口血检6 030人次,共检出20例阳性病例,均为输入性病例,疟原虫阳性率为0.81%.当地居民发热病人血栓107 924人次,未发现疟原虫阳性.结论 疟疾防治措施有效,加强流动人口疟疾管理与监测是巩固疟防成果的一项重要措施.%Objective To analyze the results of malaria control and the epidemic features of malaria in Jiangzhou District of Chongzuo City in 1996~2010,evaluate control measures and provide basis for making control measures. Methods The data concerning malaria infection and control in Jiangzhou District of Chongzuo City during the period in 1996~2010 were collected and statistically analyzed. Restlts Malaria incidence in Jiangzhou District dropped from 0.60/100 000 in 1996 to 0 in 2006~2010,6 030 febrile patients in mobile population was examined and 20 malaria cases were detected with a positive rate of 0.81% and they were all imported malaria cases. There 107 924 local febrile patients were examined and no malaria case was found. Conclusion The measures of prevention and control of malaria are effective and strengthening management of mobile population and malaria surveillance are the an important measures for malaria control.

  17. Study on the Site Selection of Mixed Brand Car Sales in Jiangbei District of Chongqing City%重庆江北区混合品牌汽车卖场规划选址研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗国庆; 肖艾华

    2014-01-01

    To carry out the development strategy of the “sci-entific development, city prosperity”proposed on the City Fo-urth Party Congress of the and to optimize the industrial str-ucture of Jiangbei District, and to promote economic devel-opment, combined with planning and transformation of the old land area, the paper put forward opinions and suggestions for the site recommended for luxury cars mal , providing some th-eory support industrial structure adjustment and economic de-velopment of the region in the future.%为贯彻落实市第四次党代会提出的“科学发展、富民兴渝”发展战略,优化江北区内产业结构,促进经济发展,本文结合区内土地利用规划和旧城改造,提出了推荐名车广场的规划选址意见和建议,为未来区内产业结构调整和经济发展提供了理论决策支撑。

  18. Epidemic Analysis of AIDS in Youxian District of Mianyang City from 2003 to 2013%游仙区2003~2013年艾滋病疫情分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜婵娟; 笪旭辉; 谢刚

    2015-01-01

    Objective The present study was conducted to analyze the epidemiological characteristics and tendency of HIV infected people and AIDS patients in Youxian District of Mianyang City from 2003 to 2013,in order to provide basis of policy decision to make further ef orts for suppressing the spread of AIDS.Methods Statistical analysis was made based on the data of HIV/AIDS reports col ected in Youxian district of Mianyang City from 2003 to 2013.Results Since the first case of HIV infected people has been detected form drug users in 2003,121 cases of HIV/AIDS have been total y reported in Youxian district of Mianyang City.In al of the years,the largest number of detection reports is 27 in 2013 (covering 22.3%).Sexual transmission was the main route,containing of 112 cases(covering 92.6%),including 59 cases of homosexual transmission.The ratio of male to female was 5.05:1.HIV infected people and AIDS patients were mainly young people(covering 86.78%).With regard to endemic distribution,the rural population were the main infected ones,62 cases(covering 51.2%).Conclusion The epidemic status of AIDS in Youxian district is stil on the rise,the behavior intervention for local high-risk groups should be enhanced.Condom should be generalized to block the route of sexual transmission [1].Publicity and educations and intervention for young rura is a priority.%目的分析游仙区2003~2013年艾滋病感染者(HIV)及艾滋病患者(AIDS)流行病学特点及趋势,为进一步遏制艾滋病的蔓延提供决策依据。方法收集游仙区2003~2013年HIV/AIDS病例进行统计分析。结果游仙区自2003年在吸毒人群中检出首例艾滋病毒感染者以来,累计报告HIV/AIDS共121例,其中检测报告人数最多的年份为2013年的27例,占22.3%;传播途径以性传播为主,为112例(其中同性传播59例),占92.6%;男女之比为5.05:1,年龄以青壮年为主,占86.78%;地区分布以农村人口为最多,为62

  19. A Comparative Study of the Perception on Place-feature of Urban Historic District between Residents and Tourists---Taking Chaozhou Ancient City for Instance%城市历史街区“地方性”的居民感知与游客感知的比较研究∗--以广东潮州古城区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖春花

    2015-01-01

    Urban historic district displays a city's character,and keeps the most complete memories of the city,and Place-feature is the best fascination of urban historic districts.Urban historic districts in China are now under the critical impact of the economi-cal globalization and the speeding national urbanization,and many a historic district of distinct identity has perished in the course of urban development,and most Chinese cities suffer from a drab uniformity.To solve cities’"characteristic crisis",we must pay great attention to the conservation and revitalization of urban historic districts,and need to assure the inheritance and continuity of the place-feature of urban historic districts.So it is necessary to learn and analyze the local residents'perception about the place-feature of urban historic districts.Taking Chaozhou ancient city for instance,by means of sampling questionnaire survey,the the-sis investigates and analyzes the perception of local residents and tourists in Chaozhou Ancient City about the place-feature of ur-ban historic districts and Chaozhou culture.%城市历史街区是一个城市特色的集中体现,是构成一座城市魅力与活力的核心地区,“地方性”就是城市历史街区的基本特征。旅游开发已经成为城市历史街区地方性重构的一种常用方式,也是城市历史街区进行地方性保护的一种有效途径。在城市历史街区的旅游开发中,了解和分析外来游客与本地居民对城市地方性的认知差异,有助于城市文化旅游的有序发展、消除旅游活动中“主客”之间可能存在的文化摩擦。以广东省潮州古城区为例,以抽样问卷调查为手段,调查和分析了外来游客与本地居民对潮州文化及其地方性感知的差异情况。

  20. Allegheny County Voting District Boundaries (2015)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates municipal voting districts in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data...

  1. Allegheny County Voting District (2015) Web Map

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This webmap demarcates municipal voting districts in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data...

  2. Allegheny County Magisterial Districts Outlines (2015)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset shows the magisterial districts in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data portal...

  3. Allegheny County Pennsylvania Senate District Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates the Pennsylvania Senate district boundaries within Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data...

  4. Analysis of death causes of reproductive women in Liwan District Guangzhou City 2009 to 2014%2009~2014年广州市荔湾区育龄妇女死因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯桂芬; 农蔚娟; 肖金松; 唐敏

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the primary death causes of reproductive women in Liwan District Guangzhou City from 2009 to 2014, in order to provide evidence for the discussion of correlative intervention measures.Methods To retrospectively analyze the mortality data of reproductive women of resident population in Liwan District from 2009 to 2014. Results The mortality rate of reproductive women in Liwan District during the 6 years was 60.64/0.1million, the differences of which was no statistical significance among each years(P<0.05). The primary death cause was malignant tumor which was caused by the first three of breast cancer, lung cancer, and liver cancer. More than half of the reproductive women, who were 30 years or older, were died from malignant tumor. ConclusionThe primary death cause of reproductive women in Liwan District during the 6 years is malignant tumor. It is better to positively study the effective intervention measures to reduce the mortality of reproductive women.%目的:分析荔湾区2009~2014年间育龄妇女死亡的主要原因,为探讨相关干预措施提供依据。方法对荔湾区2009~2014年户籍人口的育龄妇女死亡资料进行回顾性分析。结果6年间荔湾区育龄妇女死亡率60.64/10万,各年度间育龄妇女死亡率的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。死因的首位是恶性肿瘤。恶性肿瘤死因构成的前三位是乳腺癌、肺癌、肝癌。30岁以上死亡的育龄妇女人群中超过一半均因为恶性肿瘤而死亡。结论6年间荔湾区育龄妇女死亡的主要原因是恶性肿瘤,应积极探讨有效的干预措施,减少育龄妇女死亡。

  5. 78 FR 31997 - Greatmat Technology Corp., Kentucky USA Energy, Inc., Solar Energy Ltd., and Visiphor Corp...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-28

    ... COMMISSION Greatmat Technology Corp., Kentucky USA Energy, Inc., Solar Energy Ltd., and Visiphor Corp., Order... lack of current and accurate information concerning the securities of Solar Energy Ltd. because it has... concerning the securities of Kentucky USA Energy, Inc. because it has not filed any periodic reports...

  6. 77 FR 19744 - Advanced BioPhotonics, Inc., Advanced Viral Research Corp., Brantley Capital Corp., Brilliant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... COMMISSION Advanced BioPhotonics, Inc., Advanced Viral Research Corp., Brantley Capital Corp., Brilliant Technologies Corporation, 4C Controls, Inc., and 2-Track Global, Inc.; Order of Suspension of Trading March 29... information concerning the securities of Advanced BioPhotonics, Inc. because it has not filed any...

  7. 77 FR 10598 - BIOTECH Holdings Ltd., California Oil & Gas Corp., Central Minera Corp., Chemokine Therapeutics...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION BIOTECH Holdings Ltd., California Oil & Gas Corp., Central Minera Corp., Chemokine Therapeutics... concerning the securities of BIOTECH Holdings Ltd. because it has not filed any annual reports since...

  8. SWOT Analysis of Bamboo Industry Development in Jianyang District Nanping City, Fujiang%福建南平市建阳区竹产业发展SWOT分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛昌华

    2015-01-01

    运用 SWOT方法系统分析了福建省南平市建阳区竹产业发展所具有的优势、劣势及面临的机遇与威胁,提出南平市建阳区竹产业发展的战略、对策与建议。研究结果表明:南平市建阳区竹产业发展优势比较明显,同时具有前所未有的机遇,但也存在着劣势和外在威胁;应结合本区域自身特点,扬长避短,实现竹产业经济的可持续发展。%The strengths, weaknesses, external opportunities and threats of bamboo industry in Jianyang District had been systematically analyzed using SWOT method. And then the strategies, advises and countermeasures were pro-posed. The research results showed that the bamboo industry development had obvious advantages with unprecedented opportunities in Jianyang while there were also some weakness and external threats. Therefore, the district needs to fos-ter strengths and circumvent weaknesses based on its own characteristics aos as to achieve the sustainable development of bamboo industry.

  9. 75 FR 21373 - ULH Corp. (n/k/a UniHolding Corp.), Unapix Entertainment, Inc., Unicomp, Inc., and Unidyne Corp...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION ULH Corp. (n/k/a UniHolding Corp.), Unapix Entertainment, Inc., Unicomp, Inc., and Unidyne Corp... and accurate information concerning the securities of Unapix Entertainment, Inc. because it has...

  10. Researches on biomass and carbon storage of main tree species in Wangcheng district of Changsha city%长沙望城区主要树种生物量与碳储量的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄采艺; 仕知; 欧阳钦; 杨丽丽

    2015-01-01

    以望城区2013年森林资源二类调查的数据为基础,运用生物量与蓄积量之间关系的生物量转换因子连续函数模型对望城区主要树种的生物量、碳储量、碳汇价值进行计算。结果表明:望城区的主要树种有马尾松、杉木、国外松、阔叶树,其中阔叶树是乔木树种的主体,面积占乔木林总面积的56.11%;幼中龄林占优势地位,其面积占到了全区林分总面积的93.47%;主要树种的生物量为1362.59×103 t,碳储量为688.056×103 t,平均生物量为61.198 t/hm2,碳密度为30.898 t/hm2,碳密度低于全国和世界的平均水平,说明望城区还有着巨大的碳汇潜力。%With the statistical data of Class II Forest Resource Inventory for Wangcheng district of Changsha city in 2013, the biomass, carbon and carbon sink values of the main tree species of Wangcheng district were calculated by employing thebiomass conversion factors continuous function model about relationship between biomass and accumulation amount. The results show that the main tree species in Wangcheng district were masson pine, Chineseifr, pine abroad, broad-leaved trees, of them broad-leaved tree were the main tree species,theirs area covered 56.11% and 53.63% of that of total tree forest in the district respectively; With viewing of age structure, the young and middle-aged forests were in dominant position of all stand, theirs area and volume accounted for 93.47% of total forest area; The biomass,carbon storage,average biomass and carbon density of main tree species in Wangcheng district were 1 362.59×103 t, 688.056×103 t, 61.198 t/hm2 and 30.898 t/hm2 respectively; The carbon density was lower than the national and global average level, which shows that there is a large space of carbon storage development in Wangcheng district.

  11. Kansas City Plots Next Steps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkel, Ed

    2012-01-01

    Kansas City (Missouri) Public Schools is at a crossroads. The district has struggled for decades with poor academic achievement, dwindling enrollment and budget, and short-term superintendents--27 in the past 40 years. Most recently, after a two-year stint during which he helped the district get its financial house in order, closing nearly half of…

  12. Strategies for E-Commerce Development in Baiyun District, Guangzhou City%广州市白云区电子商务发展对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢友东

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, e-commerce grows rapidly in China and Guangdong province is among the fastest developed provinces. How-ever, the overall development level of Baiyun district is relatively lagging. There are problems, including narrow recognition of enterprises on e-commerce, lack of benchmarking enterprises, insufficient specialized services, and short supply of e-commerce professionals. Baiyun district has advantages such as the favorable macro economic trend, developed manufacturing industry and trade market, and booming lo-gistics, providing a supportive environment for the speedy development of e-commerce. Therefore, the government should guide enterpris-es to enhance awareness of"internet+", accelerate to set examples of e-commerce enterprises, focus on e-commerce platform of vertical industries, create e-commerce service platform at district level, intensify investment in introducing professionals and proactively develop cross-border e-commerce.%近年来,电子商务迅速发展,广东省走在了全国前列,但白云区电子商务的整体发展水平相对滞后。白云区电子商务发展存在企业对发展电子商务的认识狭隘,缺乏电子商务标杆示范企业以及专业服务,电商人才匮乏等问题。白云区良好的宏观经济走势,发达的制造业、商贸市场以及迅速发展的物流业都为电子商务快速发展提供了良好的环境。对此,应引导企业强化“互联网+”思维,积极推进电子商务示范建设,重点发展垂直行业电子商务平台,打造区级电子商务公共服务平台,加强电子商务人才培养及引进,大力发展跨境电子商务。

  13. [The Current State of Intercultural Opening in Psychosocial Services--The Results of an Assessment in an Inner-City District of Berlin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penka, Simone; Faißt, Hanna; Vardar, Azra; Borde, Theda; Mösko, Mike Oliver; Dingoyan, Demet; Schulz, Holger; Koch, Uwe; Kluge, Ulrike; Heinz, Andreas

    2015-09-01

    The need for intercultural opening of supply facilities for improving access and treatment of people with migration background is acknowledged in Germany. The purpose of the survey was to determine the current state of intercultural opening of psychosocial services in one Berlin district. 127 representatives of institutions were interviewed using a semi-structured assessment tool. The response rate was very high. The cross-cultural opening was implemented on a small scale. Staff as well as users with migration background were underrepresented. Varying and missing standardized documentation as well as problems in assessing users with migration background might be responsible for their low utilization rates. The use of professional interpreters was often not implemented. To judge the low level of implementation of cross-cultural opening in the psychosocial supply system in general, a review of responsible causes is required. PMID:26039370

  14. Traffic Safety Situation Analysis of Shunyi District in Beijing City%北京市顺义区交通安全现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟宪婷; 孙立山

    2011-01-01

    Based on the traffic crash data of Shunyi District of Beijing, this paper used mathematical statistics method to summarize the traffic crash characteristics of Shunyi District from four aspects (time, space, causes, and vehicles types). On this basis, it analyzed the traffic safety influencing factors from pedestrians, vehicles, road and environment. At the same time some specific countermeasures are put forward. Analysis showed that: (1) specific feature of the human factors is short of safety consciousness! (2) the main factors of vehicle show in the diversity of vehicle types; (3) the main factors of road traffic facilities mainly show in short of traffic safety facilities and deficient alignment design; (4) environmental factors mainly reflect in climate, roadside environment and the management, etc.%结合北京市顺义区的交通事故数据,运用数理统计的方法,从时间、空间、成因、车型等方面对北京市顺义区交通事故特征进行了归纳总结.在此基础上,从人、车、路和环境4个方面分析了北京市顺义区交通安全的影响因素并提出对策.分析表明:人的因素主要表现为交通安全意识淡薄;车的因素主要表现为机动车车型多样;路的因素主要体现交通设施不全、线形设计存在隐患;环境的因素主要体现在气候、路侧环境和管理等.

  15. Investigation of AIDS among Female Sex Workers in A District of Shiyan City during 2009 -2010%十堰市某区2009-2010年暗娼人群艾滋病调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁洪新; 邓晓; 唐桂珍; 李郁; 毛立峰

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the population distribution of female sex workers in a district of Shiyan City, the status of HIV infection and AIDS prevention knowledge awareness, and provide the scientific basis for the development of outreach intervention measures.[Methods]A questionnaire survey was conducted among female sex workers in a district; ELJSA was used for detection of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases.[Results]The total 800 female sex workers aged 16 -43 years old in the district, young adults aged 21 - 33 years accounted for 61.45% , most sex workers had education background of secondary school (43.73% ) and primary school (25. 64%). Unmarried accounted for 89. 26%; Female entertainment attendants accounted for 91. 45%. 89. 21% were migrant population. 217 cases of sexually transmitted diseases were detected, accounting for 27.13% , among which 43 had gonorrhea, 7 had syphilis, 64 had genital warts, 39 had non-gonococcal urethritis( cervicitis) , 16 had genital herpes, no one was infected HIV/AIDS. 457 persons used condoms in the last sex services, accounting for 57.13% ; 649 used condoms frequently, accounting for 81.13% ; 153 used condoms occasionally, accounting for 18.87%.[Conclusion]The female sex workers in the district of Shiyan City are dominated by migrant young adults with low education level who have high risks of sexually transmitted infections , and also the potential factors for the spread of AIDS. It suggested that health education should be strengthened for this population, as well as regular detection and behavioral interventions.%目的 了解我十堰某区暗娼人群分布、HⅣ感染现状及艾滋病预防知识知晓率,为制定切实可行的外展干预措施提供科学依据.方法 采用问卷方式对某区暗娼人群进行调查;采用ELISA方法进行HIV血清学检测及性病检测.结果 某区800例暗娼的年龄范围在16 ~43岁;其中21 ~35年龄段最多,占61.45%;初中(43.73%)和小学(25.64%)文

  16. Epidemiological analysis of rabies in Panyu District of Guangzhou City from 2008 to 2011%广州市番禺区2008~2011年狂犬病流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡炜儿; 李伟强; 苏宁

    2013-01-01

    目的 掌握广州市番禺区狂犬病门诊暴露人群的流行病学特征,以便为制订科学有效的狂犬病预防策略提供依据.方法 对2008~2011年在广州市番禺区狂犬病预防门诊接受诊疗的狂犬病暴露人群进行流行病学分析.结果 4年间共报告狂犬病暴露人数43 616例,呈高度散发,以7、8月份相对较多;暴露者以>14~44岁年龄段居多;周边街镇暴露水平比中心城区暴露水平低;伤人动物以家犬为主,占71.98%;受伤部位以下肢为主,占48.24%.结论 目前番禺区狂犬病暴露人群主要暴露因素为犬,为了有效降低人群狂犬病暴露水平,需加强养犬管理,尤其是家犬;加强狂犬病防治相关知识的普及;提高人群的自我保护意识及防护措施,以控制狂犬病的发生及发病.%Objective To grasp the epidemiological characteristics of rabies among the outpatient exposure population in Panyu District of Guangzhou City,in order to provide a basis for the development of scientific and effective rabies prevention strategy.Methods An epidemiological analysis was carried out among the rabies exposed population who received diagnosis and treatment in the rabies prevention outpatient department in Panyu District of Guangzhou City from 2008 to 2011.Results In the 4 years,a total of 43 616 people were reported for rabies exposure,which was highly sporadic and relatively intensive in July and August; among the exposed population,>14 to 44 years old people were the majority; the exposure level in surrounding streets and towns was lower than that in central city; the main attacking animal was domestic dog,accounting for 71.98%; the main wounded part was the lower limb,accounting for 48.24%.Conclusion The main exposure factor for the rabies exposed population in Panyu District is dog.In order to reduce the exposure level of rabies and control the occurrence of rabies,the management of dogs should be strengthened

  17. Epidemiological analysis on rotavirus diarrhea in Bao'an District of Shenzhen City in 2010%2010年深圳市宝安区轮状病毒腹泻流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丽华; 李苑; 叶恋花; 熊田甜; 马智超

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To analyze the epidemiological status of rotavirus diarrhea in Baoan District of Shenzhen City in 2010, explore its epidemic law, and provide the scientific evidence for the prevention and control measures of rotavirus diarrhea. [ Methods] The data of 7 735 rotavirus diarrhea cases were collected from the infectious disease direct network reporting system in Baoan District of Shenzhen City in 2010, and were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological method. [ Results] In 20101 the annual incidence rate of rotavirus diarrhea was 124,81/lakh. The incidence rate of males and females was 167.80/lakh and 85.47/lakh respectively. The incidence rate of children and adults was respectively 121. 47/lakh and 3. 41 /lakh, and the difference was significant (x2 =22 277.749,F<0.01). 95.25% of patients were children under 5 years old. Among child patients, 98,87% were scattered children. 47.87% of adult patients were peasant workers. The peak season was November. 4 107 cases occurred in Xixiang, Fuyong and Guanlan street, which accounted for 53.09% of the total cases. [Conclusion]The main epidemiological characteristics of rotavirus diarrhea in Baoan District of Shenzhen City include: children patients account for high proportion, and most of them are scattered children, the incidence rate of males is higher than that of females, and peak season is autumn to winter.%目的 分析2010年深圳市宝安区轮状病毒腹泻流行概况,探索其流行规律,为控制轮状病毒腹泻疫情的预防控制提供科学依据.方法 收集2010年深圳市宝安区疫情网络上报的该地确诊轮状病毒腹泻的所有病例(7 735例)进行描述流行病学分析.结果 2010年深圳市宝安区轮状病毒腹泻的年发病率为124.81/10万,男性发病率167.80/10万,女性发病率85.47/10万,儿童与成人的发病率分别为121.47/10万、3.41/10万,儿童和成人轮状病毒发病率差异有统计学意义( x2=22 277.749,P <0.01);5岁

  18. Survey of health literacy among four kinds of occupational population in Xuanwu District, Beijing City%北京市宣武区4类职业人群健康素养现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张楠; 玉洁; 徐静; 王志颖

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the health literacy status of occupational population and the gaps of helath literacy between different occupational population in Xuanwu District, Beijing City. Methods Four kinds of occupational subjects were selected by multi-stage cluster random sampling and were investigated by questionnaires. Results The total rate of health literacy was 9. 5% among 4 kinds of occupation population in Xuanwu District, Beijing City. The levels of three mentions of health literacy (basic knowledge and concept, 33.7% ; health lifestyle and behavior, 14.9% ; basic skills, 18. 9% ) and the levels of five health issues of health literacy (safety and emergency, 55.4% ; scientific health concept, 45. 3% ; prevention of infectious diseases, 27. 8% ; basic medical care, 5. 8% ; prevention of chronic non-communicable diseases, 5. 7% ) were low. The health literacy levels of different education level of population and different income population were different, and the differences had statistical significance (P < 0. 05). Conclusion The total level of health literacy was low among 4 kinds of occupational population in Xuanwu District, Beijing City, and most persons did not hold health behaviors. The propaganda, education and surveillance of health literacy should be enhanced to improve the health literacy level of occupational population.%目的 了解北京市宣武区4类职业人群健康素养水平以及不同职业人群健康素养差异.方法 采用随机抽样的方法抽取4类职业人群作为调查对象并开展问卷调查.结果 北京市宣武区4类职业人群总体健康素养水平为9.5%、3个维度的健康素养水平(基本知识和理念33.7%、健康生活方式与行为14.9%、基本技能18.9%)、5类健康问题健康素养水平(安全与急救55.4%、科学健康观45.3%、传染病预防27.8%、基本医疗5.8%、慢性病预防5.7%)均较低;不同文化程度、收入水平职业人群

  19. Hygiene Monitoring of 5 Categories of Food in Zichuan District of Zibo City%淄博市淄川区5类食品的卫生监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高瑞云

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To sample and detect 5 categories of food produced by small-scale food production and business units in Zi-chuan District of Zibo City, and analyze the existing problem so as to improve food safety. [Methods]The sampling, testing and e-valuation of carbonated beverages, preserves, bakery ( bread) , frozen drinks, fruit (vegetable) juice were based on the national standards. [Results] The pass rate of carbonated beverages, preserves food, cakes and bread, frozen drinks, fruit (vegetable) juice was 48.1% , 50.7% , 86. 5% , 85. 2% , 75. 6% , respectively. [ Conclusion] The food safety of small-scale food production and business units was not optimistic in Zichuan District. Food safety management should be strengthened.%目的 对淄博市淄川区小规模食品生产、经营单位的5类食品进行采样检测,分析存在的问题,以搞好食品安全工作.方法 按国家标准进行碳酸饮料、蜜饯食品、糕点(面包)、冷冻饮品、果(蔬)汁饮料的采样检测和评价.结果 碳酸饮料合格率为48.1%,蜜饯食品合格率为50.7%,糕点、面包合格率为86.5%,冷冻饮品合格率为85.2%,果、蔬汁饮料合格率为75.6%.结论 淄川区小规模食品生产、经营单位的食品安全状况均存在一定问题,应加强食品安全管理工作.

  20. Results of health examination on radiation workers in Baodi District of Tianjin City from 2007-2011%2007-2011年天津市宝坻区放射工作人员健康检查结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘河

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解天津市宝坻区从事放射工作人员的健康状况.方法 对2007-2011年宝坻区586名放射工作人员职业健康检查资料进行分析.结果 586人中,血压异常率为23.72%,眼科检查异常率为17.24%,B超异常率36.34%,尿常规异常率为5.80%,血常规异常率为34.81%;丙氨酸转氨酶活力异常率为12.12%,心电图异常率为18.26%.结论 长期接触低剂量电离辐射对人体有损伤效应,应加强健康监护工作.%[ Objective ] To understand the health status of radiation workers in Baodi District of Tianjin City. [ Methods ] The occupational health examination data of 586 radiation workers were analyzed in Baodi District from 2007-2011. [Results] Of 586 workers, the abnormal rate of blood pressure, eyes, ultrasound examination, urine examination, blood routine examination, alanine aminotransferase vitality and ECG was 23. 72% , 17. 24% , 36. 34% , 5. 80% , 34. 81% , 12. 12% and 18. 26% , respectively. [Conclusion]Long-term exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation is harm to human body. Therefore, health surveillance should be strengthened.

  1. 厦门市集美区万达广场消费者行为调查分析%Investigation and Analysis of Consumers’Behaviors on Wanda Plaza of Jimei District,Xiamen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王美

    2015-01-01

    A questionnaire on the consumer behavior was launched among the consumers on Wanda Plaza of Jimei District, Xiamen City. Then the results were analyzed statistically. The consumers’ spending habits were the focus of the investigation on the basis of understanding the basic situation of con-sumer.The habits included the time and mode of transportation,shopping causes and habits,the con-sumption on Wanda Plaza,and the satisfaction of consumer.After analysis we know that Wanda Plaza has a very good market reputation and is a community-based commerical complex focusing on meeting the people’s basic needs.Finally,the reasonable recommendations could be provided for the further develop-ment of Wanda Plaza of Jimei District.%对厦门市集美区万达广场的消费者展开问卷调查,调查结果应用统计学的方法进行分析。在了解消费者基本情况的基础上,对消费者的消费习惯进行了重点调查。调查内容包括:消费者到万达广场的时间、交通方式、逛商场的原因、习惯、消费情况及对万达的满意度。分析可知,集美区的万达广场具有良好的市场口碑,是社区型的商业综合体,重点满足人们的基本生活需求。为集美区万达广场的进一步发展提出合理建议。

  2. A Survey of Human Resources State of Community Nursing Care in Wuhou District of Chengdu City%成都市武侯区社区护理人力资源现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈娇; 何海蓉

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the current status of human resources state of community nursing care in Wuhou district of Chengdu city, some reference could be provide for the development of community health service. Methods: Convenient sampling was carried out in a survey for nurses of 8 wuhou community health service centers in chengdu by questionnaire, a statistical analysis of it was made by using SPSS statistical analysis software. Results: The community nursing staf in Wuhou district showed lower in terms of age, educational level, professional title, also showed insuf icient to realize the importance of professional continuing education. Conclusion: The community nursing human resources play the vital role for the quality of community health service. We should perfect community nursing human resources construction, strengthen continuing education.%目的了解成都市武侯区社区护理人力资源状况,为合理配置社区护理人力资源、提高社区护理质量提供参考。方法采用方便抽样的方法,抽取成都市武侯区8家社区卫生服务中心护理人员进行问卷调查,资料统计运用统计软件SPSS进行分析。结果武侯社区卫生服务中心护士年龄、学历、职称偏低,对在职继续教育的重要性认识不足。结论完善社区护理人力资源建设,重视社区护士的在职继续教育培训,是提升社区卫生服务水平的关键。

  3. 青岛市黄岛区急诊伤害病例10539例的流行病学分析%Epidemiological Analysis of 10539 Emergency Patients with Injury in Huangdao District of Qingdao City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴钢; 张金太

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the epidemiological characteristics of emergency injuries in Huangdao district of Qingdao city, provide the scientific basis for making effective intervention measures. [ Methods]The data of emergency patients with injury in 6 surveillance hospitals in Huangdao district of Qingdao city were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology method. [ Results]10 539 injury cases in outpatient department were reported, which included 7 994 male cases and 2 545 female cases. 84. 82% of patients were people aged 20 ~ 64 years old. 28.28% of cases occurred on industrial and construction sites, and 20.56% occurred on road/street. The main causes of injuries were tumble/ fall, blunt injury, knife/sharp injury and traffic injury by motor vehicles. 75. 16% injuries were minor injury. [ Conclusion]Males and young adults are the high-risk population of emergency injury, and the main causes of injuries include tumble/ fall and blunt injury.%目的 了解青岛市黄岛区急诊伤害发生的特点,为制定有效的干预措施提供科学依据.方法 运用描述流行病学方法,对青岛市黄岛区6家监测医院2010年接诊的急诊伤害病例资料进行分析.结果 报告门诊伤害病例10539例,其中男性7994例,女性2545例;20~64岁的占84.82%;发生在工业及建筑场所、公路街道的分别占28.28%和20.56%;发生的主要原因是跌倒或坠落、钝器伤、刀或锐器伤、机动车车祸;轻度伤害占75.16%.结论 男性、青壮年是急诊伤害的主要人群,跌倒或坠落和钝器伤是伤害的主要原因.

  4. 大庆市大同区八井子乡石油污染现状及治理对策%Current Status and Control Countermeasures of Petroleum Contamination of Bajingzi Village, Datong District, Daqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王悦明; 王继富; 李鑫; 陈丹宁; 周禹莹

    2014-01-01

    With regard to the current status of contamination caused by oil wells of Daqing Oil Field, soils in the farmland of Bajingzi Village, Datong District, Daqing City nearby the oil field were sampled and investigated for understanding of the situation of soil pollution near single oil well. Furthermore, rational recommendations were proposed regarding the oil pollution. In Bajingzi Village, Datong District, Daqing City, single well in the working state was taken as the centre and soils were sampled at the radius of 0, 20, 40 and 60m respectively from the single well for detection of the total amount of oil pollutants in the farmland. The results showed that the soils sampled horizontally all exceeded the limits of the national class I standard and the total amount of petroleum-based substances decreased with the increase of horizontal distance. The farmland soils near some certain single wells exceeded the limits of the national class II standard, maximally by 13.88 times, so they were in a dangerous level and measures should be taken immediately to control the petroleum contamination.%针对目前大庆油田工作油井污染现状,对大庆市大同区八井子乡油井附近农田土壤进行采样调查,以了解目前工作中单井附近土壤污染状况,并结合污染现状提出合理性建议;此次采样调查以单口油井为中心,分别以0、20、40和60 m为半径进行取土采样,检测耕地土壤的石油类物质总量。结果表明:横向采样的土壤全部超过国家第一级标准限值,石油类物质总量随着横向距离的增加而降低。某些单井附近耕地土壤已超过国家第二级标准限值,最高超标倍数为13.88倍,处于危险级别,应立即采取措施治理石油污染。

  5. Analysis on the Morbidity and Effect of Dyslipidemia of Adults in a District,Beijing City%北京市某区成年居民血脂异常患病状况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋丽君; 熊维芝; 周桂荣; 庄国良; 叶纯; 王晓波; 杨立新; 王俊仪; 吴妮娜

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of adult dyslipidemia,and to put for-ward the prevention suggestion in a District of Beijing City.Methods Totally 3 602 adults aged 18 to 79 were ran-domly selected in 9 towns and 4 streets of the District.The questionnaire interview,physical examination and labora-tory tests were used.Results Prevalence of dyslipidemia in adults was 25.13% in the District.Men were higher than women.The main risk factors for dyslipidemia were over 50 years old,overweight,obesity,smoking,alcohol con-sumption,and eat meat over 100 g per day.Conclusions It needed to pay attention to the intervention of the popula-tion of men and older people that over 50 years old.In addition,it is needed to promote healthy lifestyle,such as con-trolling smoking and drinking alcohol,and preventing excessive consumption of red meat.%目的:调查北京市某区成人血脂异常的患病情况及影响因素,探讨防治对策与建议。方法抽样调查北京市某区9个乡镇4个街道的3602例成人,包括调查问卷、血生化检测和体格测量,采用描述性分析了解血脂异常患病情况,率的比较采用χ2检验,均数的比较采用 F 检验或 t 检验。结果该区成年人血脂异常患病率25.13%。男性高于女性,50岁以上、超重、肥胖、吸烟、危险饮酒、红肉摄入>100 g/d 是血脂异常的主要风险因素。结论需要重视对男性、50岁以上人口等重点人群的干预,倡导健康的膳食习惯,控制吸烟和危险饮酒的风险因素。

  6. 天津市宝坻区农药中毒报告现状的分析%Analysis of pesticide poisoning reports in Baodi District of Tianjin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘河

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解天津市宝坻区农药中毒的现状.方法 对2010-2012年每年上报的农药中毒报告卡进行统计学分析.结果 2010-2012年宝坻区报告农药中毒102例,其中生产性中毒、生活性中毒分别占总中毒例数的67.65%和32.35%,病死率为10.78%.中毒者平均年龄为37.26岁,20 ~59岁青壮年占93.14%;生产性中毒以男性为主,生活性中毒以女性为主;中毒农药的类别分布以杀虫剂为主,占54.90%;且以敌敌畏有机磷中毒为主.结论 目前宝坻区农药中毒的严重性应引起社会,特别是政府和卫生工作人员的关注.%[Objective] To understand the status of pesticide poisoning in Baodi District of Tianjin City.[Methods] The annually reported pesticide poisoning cards were statistically analyzed from 2010-2012.[Results] From 2010-2012,102 cases of pesticide poisoning were reported in Baodi District.The cases of poisoning in production and in daily life occupied 67.65% and 32.35% of total cases,the mortality rate was 10.78%.The average age of the poisoned people was 37.26 years,20-59 years occupied 93.16%.Most cases of poisoning in production were male,and most cases of poisoning in daily life were female.The main kind of pesticide caused poisoning was insecticide (54.90%),mainly was dichlorvos organophosphate poisoning.[Conclusion] The severity of pesticide poisoning should attract social attentions in Baodi District,especially from government and health workers.

  7. Results of Health Surveillance on Public Articles in Public Places in Fengrun District of Tangshan City%唐山市丰润区公共场所公共用品卫生监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉芬; 亢喜刚; 运玲

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To understand the health condition of public articles in public places in Fengrun district of Tangshan city,provide the scientific basis for supervision and management. [ Methods ] According to the Rules of health monitoring for public places ( GB/T 17220 - 1998 ), and the microbiological detection was conducted on public articles and air samples from four types of public places in Fengrun district. [ Results] 1 635 of 1 804 samples were qualified, and the qualified rate was 90.63%. The qualified rate in hotels was the highest, and that in public bathrooms was the lowest, which bathtubs and slippers were the worst. The air quality of hotels was the best, followed by hairdressing stores, public bathrooms and ebtertainment places in sequence. [ Conclusion ] The hygiene condition of air in entertainment places and public articles in bathing business was poor in Fengrun district, and the health management of public places should be strengthened.%目的 了解唐山市丰润区公共场所公共用品的卫生状况,为监督管理工作提供科学依据.方法 按照GB/T 17220-1998,对丰润区4类公共场所的公共用品和空气采样进行了微生物学检测.结果 共检测各类样品1 804份,合格1 635份,合格率为90.63%;旅店业合格率最高,公共浴室合格率最低,其中以浴缸和拖鞋合格率最低;空气质量的优劣依次为旅店业、美容美发业、公共浴室、文化娱乐场所.结论 丰润区文化娱乐场所空气和洗浴业公共用品的卫生状况较差,应加强公共场所卫生管理工作.

  8. 城市绿色建筑规划设计研究--以池州市梅林花园(东区)规划设计为例%Research Planning and Design of Urban Green Architecture-- Take Planning and Design of Meilin Garden (Eastern District) in Chizhou City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡芝明

    2014-01-01

    Urban green building construction is an important symbol of city ecological environmental protection, and green and healthy construction. Harmonious development of the city must vigorously promote the city green building design. This paper takes the planning and design of Meilin garden (eastern district) in Chizhou city as an example, describing the design idea and the design requirements of green building planning.%城市绿色建筑建设是城市生态环保、绿色健康的重要标志,城市的和谐发展必须大力推广城市绿色建筑规划设计。本文以池州市梅林花园(东区)规划设计为例,阐述了绿色建筑规划的设计理念和设计要求。

  9. Institutional Factors Affecting the Economic Performance of Peasant Special Cooperative Organization——A Case of Cuiping District,Yibin City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Literatures about the institutional arrangement of the Peasant Special Cooperative Organization are summarized.Based on the introduction of theoretical background,the overall level of annual earnings in the year 2008 is selected as a dependent variable to evaluate the economic performance of cooperative organizations,according to the investigation on 54 Peasant Special Cooperative Organizations in Cuiping District,Sichuan Province,China.A total of 13 institutional indices passing the correlation test are chosen as independent variables.Relationship between the development level and the institutional factors affecting the economic performance of cooperative organizations is studied by using factor analysis method.Result shows that there is relatively high consistency between the score of institutional factor and the development level of cooperative organization.Both macroscopic support system and internal benefit distribution system have greater impacts on the Peasant Special Cooperative Organization;the internal supervision factor and the interest factor of core members have insignificant impacts on the economic performance;and the production management factor has little effect on economic performance.Based on this,several suggestions are put forward,including standardizing and reforming the system,improving the countermeasures for economic performance,strengthening the support and policy guidance for Peasant Special Cooperative Organization,improving and standardizing the distribution of benefit system,the security system and monitoring system for core members’ interests,and fully reflecting the interests of core members.

  10. Object-oriented methodology for Marine Corps software development

    OpenAIRE

    Padilla, Robert F.

    1994-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution unlimited. This thesis answers three questions: What is object-oriented development methodology and why is it good for the Marine Corps? How is object- oriented methodology different from what the Marine Corps is doing now? What should the Marine Corps do and when should they do it? To explore these issues, this thesis designed a typical Marine Corps application (a COmpany Personnel System (COPS)) using both Systems Development Methodology (SDM) an...

  11. 32 CFR 728.23 - Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... observation, including participation in service-sponsored sports, recreational, and training activities. (ii... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC). 728.23... Components, Reserve Officers' Training Corps, Navy and Marine Corps Officer Candidate Programs, and...

  12. National Job Corps Study: The Impacts of Job Corps on Participants' Literacy Skills.

    OpenAIRE

    Steven Glazerman; Peter Z. Schochet; John Burghardt

    2000-01-01

    Estimates the impacts of Job Corps on participants' prose, document, and quantitative literacy, which are typically weak for youth entering the program. Finds positive impacts in all three domains and across most key groups of students.

  13. Teacher's Handbook. Peace Corps Language Handbook Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Raymond C.

    This handbook is a general introduction to the handbooks, methods, and materials used in Peace Corps language training classes. The first part of the handbook introduces the reader to the nature of language teaching and gives a general introduction to the handbooks. It also provides a more detailed description of the handbooks on (1) communication…

  14. Intermediate Dari for Peace Corps Volunteers. Afghanistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enteser, M. Ehsen

    This more advanced Dari text was designed for Peace Corps Volunteers in Afghanistan who desired to speak the language on higher levels, but it could also be used during the last part of the training programs in the United States. It follows the author's elementary text, "Farsi Reference Manual Basic Course," which has been used in all the Afghan…

  15. Peace Corps. 3rd Annual Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peace Corps, Washington, DC.

    Projects, operations, and future plans are covered in this annual report for the third year of the Peace Corps. An introduction comments on returning volunteers and presents regional maps with tables for Latin America, Africa, Near East and South Asia, and Far East. Section 1 contains letters and reports from volunteers in Peru, Ivory Coast,…

  16. L'imagerie du corps interne

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slatman, J.

    2004-01-01

    Contemporary imaging technologies, such as ultrasound, endoscopy, MRI, PET or CT scan, transform our ¿body image¿. In this article, this transformation is articulated by means of an analysis of an artwork by Mona Hatoum, entitled ¿Corps Étranger¿. This work of art consists of a video projection of e

  17. L’imagerie du corps interne.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny Slatman

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Les technologies contemporaines de l’image, telles que les ultrasons, l’endoscopie, et autres IRM et scanners, transforment l’image de notre corps. Dans cet article, cette transformation  est particulièrement mise en lumière à partir d’une œuvre de Mona Hatoum intitulée “ Corps étranger ”. Cette œuvre d’art consiste en une projection vidéo d’images endoscopiques de l’intérieur du corps de l’artiste. On dit souvent qu’il est impossible de s’identifier soi-même à partir de ce type d’images dans la mesure où elles sont difficilement reconnaissables comme des parties de son corps propre. Ou encore qu’elles n’appartiennent pas à l’image narcissique du corps. A l’aide d’une analyse phénoménologique et psychanalytique, l’auteur s’attache ici au contraire à montrer que de telles images fournissent une image affective de notre corps propre et qu’à travers elles il devient possible d’affronter l’étrangeté de celui-ci.Contemporary imaging technologies, such as ultrasound, endoscopy, MRI, PET or CT scan, transform our ìbody imageî. In this article, this transformation is articulated by means of an analysis of an artwork by Mona Hatoum, entitled Corps Ètranger. This work of art consists of a video projection of endoscopic images of the artistís interior body. It is often claimed that one cannot identify oneself with this kind of images since they are hardly recognizable as parts of oneís own body. As such they do not belong to the narcissistic image of the body. By means of a phenomenological and psychoanalytic analysis, it is here argued, however, that these images provide an affective image of oneís own body in which one can face the strangeness of oneís own body.

  18. A Low-Carbon Evaluation Based On Carbon Footprint in Wanzhou District, Chongqing City%基于碳足迹分析法的重庆市万州区低碳发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩建宁; 吴艳; 郑杰炳; 代述勇

    2012-01-01

    The article explains the concept of carbon footprint, and constructs a calculation model of carbon footprint in Wanzhou district, Chongqing city. According to ((Statistical Yearbook of Chongqing)) from 2001 to 2010, calculated carbon footprint of Chongqing wanzhou. Based on above, low-carbon development of building, traffic, energy, and Industry should be adopt.%对碳足迹的概念进行了阐述,构建了碳足迹的计算模型。根据《重庆统计年鉴》得出重庆市万州区2001-2010年间相关数据,计算出其2001-2010年的碳足迹。通过对重庆市万州区碳足迹的分析,建议可从建筑、交通、能源、产业4个方面进行低碳更新。

  19. The Design and Compilation of High-Resolution Image Map of Cities and Administrative District of Shaanxi Province%陕西省设区市高分辨率影像地图的设计与编制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵力彬; 周晓敏; 赵曦; 李庆东

    2013-01-01

    Image map is of the attributes of RS image and DLC, which can be absolutely clear at a glance and well understood by the readers without certain skills of mapping. Based on the design and compilation of high - resolution image map of 10 cities and administrative district of Shaanxi province, the author introduces the general idea about image map and the key technology and methods of image map compilation.%影像地图具有影像与线划地图的双重优势,读者无需专门的地图知识便能对图上的内容一目了然,受到广大读者的接受和喜爱.本文结合陕西省十个设区市高分辨率影像地图的设计与编制,介绍了影像地图的总体设计思想以及编制的关键技术和方法.

  20. 北京市东城区中小学教室卫生学现状分析%Analysis of the classroom health's status for primary and secondary schools in Dongcheng District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马莉蓉; 黄剑辉; 秦媛

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解北京市东城区中小学校教学环境卫生现状,为不断改善学生学习、生活环境提供参考依据.方法 选取北京市东城区70所中小学校的210间教室,进行教室人均面积、课桌椅、采光、照明、微小气候及黑板等方面的卫生学检测,并对检测数据进行统计学分析.结果 中小学校教室人均面积、课桌面照度、课桌及课椅分配符合达标率分别为97.14%、91.43%、76.19%和87.62%;黑板照明、窗地比、采光系数、后墙反射系数、教室CO2浓度及教室温度达标率分别为20.00%、41.43%、16.67%、51.90%、42.86%和35.71%.结论 北京市东城区各中小学校教学环境现状以黑板照明低和教室采光不足为突出问题.%OBJECTIVE To study the teaching environment's health status of on primary and secondary schools in Dongcheng District of Beijing City so as to provide reference evidence for improving the studying and living environment of the students.METHODS The schools health were measured in 210 classrooms of 70 primary and secondary schools in the entire district and the classroom space per capita,desk and chair,classroom lighting and illumination,microclimate,and blackboard were collected and analyzed statistically by SPSS 11.5.RESULTS The qualified rates of classroom space per capita,table and chair illumination,desk allocation,and chair allocation were 97.14%,91.43%,76.19% and 87.62% respectively.The qualified rates of blackboard illumination,window land ratio,illumination coefficient,reflection coefficient of backboard,CO2 density and temperature in the classrooms were 20.00%,41.43%,16.67%,51.90%,42.86% and 35.71% respectively.CONCLUSION It is the biggest problem that the blackboard illumination and the classroom lighting of the teaching environment is not sufficient of primary and secondary schools in Dongcheng District of Beijing City.

  1. Incidence of AEFI in Heping District of Tianjin City from 2008-2011%2008-2011年天津市和平区疑似预防接种异常反应发生情况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于爽

    2013-01-01

    目的 研究预防接种异常反应发生的一般规律,探讨降低反应发生率的方法,客观评价疫苗使用的安全性.方法 对2008-2011年天津市和平区疑似预防接种异常反应(AEFI)监测结果进行统计分析.结果 2008-2011年和平区累计报告接种183 459针次,共报告AEFI 42例.各种疫苗总AEFI发生率为22.89/10万.病例主要发生时间为6~9月,以1岁组及以下年龄组为主,其中一般反应27例,异常反应13例,偶合病例2例.麻疹与流行性乙型脑炎疫苗联合免疫AEFI发生率最高,其次为DPT疫苗、白破疫苗.结论 该区疫苗使用存在一定程度不安全性,应改良疫苗生产工艺,严格按照操作要求接种,适当减少2种减毒活疫苗联合免疫,加强主动监测.%[Objective]To explore the general rules of adverse events following immunization (AEFI) , to find ways to reduce the AEFI incidence, and objectively evaluate the safety of the vaccine use. [Methods] Statistical analysis was conducted on the AEFI cases in Heping District of Tianjin City from 2008-2011. [Results] A total of 183 459 persons were vaccinated in Heping District of Tianjin City from 2008-2011, with 42 AEFI cases. The total incidence was 22. 89/10 000. The cases occurred mainly from June to September. The most were children aged from 8 month-1 year old. There were 27 cases with vaccine general reactions, 13 cases with vaccine paradoxical reaction,2 cases with coincidental illness. The highest AEFI incidence was Japanese B Encephalitis vaccine (JEV) combined vaccination with measles vaccine ( MV) , followed by the Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus triple vaccine ( DPT) and PT. [ Conclusion] The vaccine use has a certain degree of insecurity in this district. The quality of vaccines should be improved, injection should be in accordance with the requirements of the operation,2 live attenuated vaccines combined vaccination should be reduced and the active surveillance should be strengthened.

  2. Analysis on all death causes of residents in Yunlong District of Xuzhou City in 2010%2010年徐州市云龙区居民全死因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘利; 申涛; 陈迪; 刘亚鹏; 倪楠楠

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the situation of disease and death of residents in Yunlong District of Xuzhou City in 2010, and provide evidence for the government and relevant departments of health decision-making and evaluation of disease prevention and control effects. [Methods]The death card reported with Yunlong District household register in Xuzhou City in the system of China Disease Prevention and Control Information of 2010 were analyzed statistically. Deaths are coded and classified according to " International Classification of Diseases" (ICD-10). Data processing procedures was Death Reg " Medical Death Registration System" of 2005. [ Results] The crude death rate of this region in 2010 was 577. 57/100 000, the standard mortality rate was 507.60/100 000, the top 5causes of death were cerebrovascular disease, malignant tumor, heart disease, respiratory disease and injury and poisoning. The external injury and poisoning, malignant tumor had great impact on the potential years of life the mean value wasl9.91 years and 7.9 years, respectively. [ Conclusion] Chronic disease and injury are the major causes of death in Yunlong District. In order to reduce the mortality rate of residents radically, health education and behavioral intervention should be enhanced to reduce the incidence of chronic disease and injury.%目的 了解2010年徐州市云龙区居民的疾病和死亡情况,为政府和相关部门卫生工作决策和评价疾病预防工作防治效果提供依据.方法 对2010年中国疾病预防控制信息系统报告的所有户籍地为徐州市云龙区的死因卡片进行统计分析.死亡病例按《国际疾病分类》(ICD-10)进行分类编码.数据处理程序为Death Reg 2005《死亡医学登记系统》.结果 2010年全区粗死亡率为577.57/10万,标化死亡率为507.60/10万,前5位死因为脑血管病、恶性肿瘤、心脏病、呼吸系统疾病、损伤和中毒.损伤和中毒、恶性肿瘤对该市居民潜在减寿

  3. Analysis of the 2013 Guangzhou Imported Malaria Epidemic in Yuexiu District City%2013年广州市越秀区输入性疟疾疫情分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗晓风; 廖寅斌; 余丹丹; 湛柳华; 肖晓玲

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analysis imported malaria epidemic in Yuexiu District,Guangzhou city in 2013,and in order to further strengthen and provide scientific basis for imported malaria prevention and control.Methods By descripting analysis imported malaria epidemic reported data in Yuexiu District Guangzhou City in 2013.Results Yuexiu District had reported 64 cases imported malaria,55 cases of Falciparum malaria(85.94%),7 cases of Plasmodium vivax malaria (10.94%),and first discovered 2 cases of Ovale malaria;the male to female ratio was 5.4:1,the average age was (36.06± 8.65).The main source of cases:25 cases of Africa foreign business(39.06%),25 cases of overseas labor output(39.06%);Al the year round case reported but it wasn’t apparent seasonal distribution,according to the main input source area Africa dry season(From October to March)reported 30 cases,the rainy season(From April to September) reported 34 cases.Patients within 24 hours with only 12 cases(18.75%),63 cases were cured after drug treatment,and 1 cases died.Conclusion Strengthen the returned overseas screening and health education who came back from epidemic area of malaria,to improve the diagnostic ability of the grass-roots units,and avoid deaths occurred and the risk of secondary transmission.%目的:分析2013年广州市越秀区输入性疟疾疫情,为进一步加强输入性疟疾防治工作提供科学依据。对2013年广州市越秀区输入性疟疾疫情报告数据进行描述性分析。结果2013年广州市越秀区输入性疟疾64例,其中恶性疟55例(85.94%),间日疟7例(10.94%),首次发现卵形疟2例(3.12%);病例中男女比例为5.4:1,患者平均年龄为(36.06±8.65)岁,病例主要来源:非洲外籍来华经商25例(39.06%),病例外出主要为境外劳务输出25例(39.06%);全年均有病例报告,按照主要输入源地区非洲旱季(10~次年3月)30例,雨季(4~9月)34例,季节性

  4. Virtual District, Real Improvement: A Retrospective Evaluation of the Chancellor's District, 1996-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phenix, Deinya; Siegel, Dorothy; Zaltsman, Ariel; Fruchter, Norm

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes the origins, structure, and components of the Chancellor's District, and details the findings about its outcomes for elementary schools. The Chancellor's District initiative ended in July 2003, with the implementation of a system-wide restructuring policy that reorganized the entire New York City school system. The 32…

  5. Congressional Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This layer depicts the 114th Congressional Districts for the United States. Found within this layer is the listing of the 114th House of Representatives. Elected to...

  6. 78 FR 56263 - HydroGen Corp., QueryObject Systems Corp., Security Intelligence Technologies, Inc., Skins, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION HydroGen Corp., QueryObject Systems Corp., Security Intelligence Technologies, Inc., Skins, Inc., SLM Holdings, Inc., Spring Creek Healthcare Systems, Inc., and Startech Environmental Corp.; Order of Suspension of Trading September 10,...

  7. 77 FR 4389 - In the Matter of Tornado Gold International Corp., Twin Faces East Entertainment Corp., Universal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION In the Matter of Tornado Gold International Corp., Twin Faces East Entertainment Corp., Universal... concerning the securities of Twin Faces East Entertainment Corp. because it has not filed any...

  8. 77 FR 19745 - Angstrom Microsystems Corp., Bedminster National Corp., Brake Headquarters U.S.A., Inc., and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Angstrom Microsystems Corp., Bedminster National Corp., Brake Headquarters U.S.A., Inc., and Brand... Angstrom Microsystems Corp. because it has not filed any periodic reports since the period ended...

  9. The survey to the Status Quo of the Elderly Taijiquan Movement in Hetang District of Zhuzhou City%株洲市荷塘区中老年人太极拳运动开展状况的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄凯凤

    2014-01-01

    通过对太极拳运动的作用和开展状况做了大量研究,根据株洲市荷塘区中老年人太极拳运动开展的状况和问题,进行了调查和分析,提出了株洲市荷塘区开展太极拳运动健身的改进方案,为更好的发挥太极拳在社区健身的作用,并为株洲市荷塘区全面推进全民健身活动,总结经验并提出了对策。%Based on a lot of research on the effect and developments of Taijiquan , this paper conducted a survey and analysis of the status quo and problems of the elderly Taijiquan movement in Hetang District of Zhuzhou city, put forward the improvement scheme of Taijiquan fitness carrying out in Hetang District of Zhuzhou city, for better playing the role of taijiquan in the community fitness , and sum up the experience and put forward countermeasures to comprehensively promote the nationwide fitness activities in Hetang District of Zhuzhou City.

  10. 深圳市梅林街道居民膳食与血压的关系研究%Relationship between Diet and Blood Pressure among Residents in Meilin District,Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李双飞; 姚公元; 潘建清; 杨少洁; 张燕

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解深圳市社区居民膳食状况与血压水平的关系,为膳食改善等非药物干预防治高血压提供科学依据.方法 采用随机抽样的方法,对深圳市梅林街道18岁以上社区居民530人进行膳食调查和血压测量,采用多因素回归分析膳食情况及与血压值的关系.结果 食用膳食低于膳食推荐摄入量的居民比例较大,特别是家禽肉类、蛋类、奶类及鱼类低于推荐摄入量的比例较大,而畜肉类高于推荐摄入量的比例较高.经多元回归分析,在调整年龄、体重指数、吸烟、性别、服用降压药物等因素后,食用畜肉类与收缩压呈负相关(P<0.05),家禽肉类及蛋类与收缩压呈正相关(P<0.05);家禽肉类及米面类与舒张压呈正相关(P<0.05).结论 目前深圳社区居民膳食摄入状况有待改进,合理膳食是防治高血压的重要措施之一.%Objective To explore the relationship between diet and blood pressure among community residents in Shenzhen City, and to provide scientific basis of diet intervention for hypertension prevention and treatment. Methods Five hundred and thirty subjects aged 18 years and older were randomly selected from Meilin District in Shenzhen City. Diet habits and blood pressure of subjects were recorded. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to analyze the relationship between hypertension and blood pressure. Results The proportion of subjects,whose investigated dietary intake was lower than recommended dietary intake,was relatively high,especially the intake of poultry meat,eggs,milk and fish, while the proportion of pork, beef or mutton intake higher than recommended dietary intake was high. Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that pork, beef or mutton intake had negative correlation with systolic blood pressure after adjustment for age,BMI,smoking,sex,and antihypertensive drugs( P <0.05 ),while poultry meat intake and eggs intake had positive

  11. Epidemiological Characteristics of HFMD,in Gaoming District of Foshan City for 2008-2011%2008-2011年佛山市高明区手足口病流行特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林少英; 李凤贞; 张金奖

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Gaoming district of Foshan city,so as to provide basis for establishing prevention measures in the future. Methods:To conduct descriptive analysis on confirmed HFMD cases reported to disease surveillance system from 2008-2011 in Gaoming district. Results:3425 confirmed HFMD cases were reported from 2008-2011 in Gaoming district,and the annually average incidence rate was 290.01/100,000 with an annually increasing trend. Most of the cases happened from April to July.The cases are mainly concentrated in children 1 to 4 years old.71.43% of severe cases were caused by EV71 inflection. Conclusion:HFMD epidemic intensity was gradually increasing in Gaoming district from 2008 to 2011,and EV71 inflection is the main cause of severe and death of HFMD. HFMD prevention and control program should be focused on the scattered children under age of 4. Prevention measures should be established in advance. At the same time,timely isolation and treatment,and health training among key crowds should be conducted. Early detection,prompt reporting,swift isolation and early treatment are the keys of HFMD prevention and control.%  目的:分析佛山市高明区手足口病的流行病学特征,为今后制定防治措施提供依据.方法:运用描述性方法对2008-2011年疾病监测信息系统报告的手足口病进行流行病学特征分析.结果:高明区2008-2011年共报告手足口病病例3425例,年平均报告发病率为290.01/10万,发病率呈逐年上升的趋势.病例全年均有报告,高峰在4~7月.病例主要集中在1~4岁儿童.71.43%的重症病例为 EV71感染引起.结论:2008-2011年,高明区手足口病流行强度逐渐增大,EV71感染是引起手足口病重症及死亡病例的重要因素,4岁以下散居儿童是防控工作的重点对象.实施手足口病监测的关口前移,采取及时的医学隔离治疗、重点人群的健康教

  12. 2009-2010年无锡市惠山区生活饮用水水质监测结果%Results of Drinking Water Quality Monitoring in Huishan District of Wuxi City during 2009 -2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方伟; 王正兴

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective] To understand the status of drinking water quality in Huishan district of Wuxi city, ensure the drinking water safety, and provide the basis for decision-making. [ Methods] The water quality monitoring was conducted in 4 monitoring sites of centralized water supply and 2 monitoring sites of secondary water supply in Huishan district. The analysis and evaluation was performed according to the Standards for drinking water quality (CB 5749 - 2006). [ Results] The qualified rate of drinking water in Huishan district in 2009 and 2010 was 97.9% (188/192) and 92.0% (127/138) respectively, which was satisfactory. In 2009, the qualified rate of centralized water supply and secondary water supply was 96.9% (124/128) and 100% (64/64) respectively, and all of the unqualified items were total bacteria counts. In 2010, the qualified rate of centralized water supply and secondary water supply was 88.0% (81/92) and 100% (46/46) respectively, and the unqualified items were residual chlorine concentration and total bacteria counts. [Conclusion]The sanitary condition of drinking water in Huishan district was good, but there were still unqualified items in summer and autumn. It is necessary to strengthen the water quality monitoring in summer and autumn, and notify the information to water supply departments rapidly, so as to ensure drinking water safety.%目的 了解无锡市惠山区生活饮用水水质现状,确保居民饮用水卫生安全,为政府决策提供依据.方法 对惠山区4个集中式供水及2个二次供水监测点的水质进行监测,并根据《生活饮用水卫生标准》GB 5749 - 2006进行分析评价.结果 2009-2010年惠山区生活饮用水的合格率较高,2009年为97.9% (188/192),2010年为92.0%( 127/138).其中,2009年集中式供水为96.9% (124/128),二次供水为100%(64/64),不合格项目均为细菌总数超标.2010年集中式供水为88.0% (81/92),二次供水为100%(46/46),不合格项目为余氯含量低于标

  13. Analysis on prevalence of dental caries among pupils in Maojian District of Shiyan City in 2012%2012年十堰市茅箭区小学生龋齿患病现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左嵘

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解十堰市茅箭区儿童龋齿患病的现状,旨在有效预防儿童龋齿的发生,降低该区儿童龋齿患病率,增进儿童口腔健康.方法 对茅箭辖区11所公立小学学生进行口腔免费检查.按常规用口镜、探针在自然光线下进行逐个视诊、探查,凡乳牙龋、补和恒牙龋、失、补均作为龋齿统计.结果 检查6 ~12岁小学生共计3 190人,其中男生1 646人,女生1 544人.患龋人数为2 243人,总龋患率为70.31%.人均患龋数为2.58颗.其中男生患龋人数为990人,龋患率为60.15%,女生患龋人数1 253人,龋患率为81.15%.结论 该区小学生龋齿患病情况比较严重.该区积极开展口腔检查工作,以利于提高学生的口腔保健知识水平,使学生养成良好的口腔卫生习惯,并提高学生的口腔健康水平.%[Objective] To understand the status of prevalence of dental caries among children in Maojian District of Shiyan City,effectively prevent the dental caries in children,reduce the prevalence of dental caries in this district,and promote oral health of children.[Methods] The free oral examination was conducted in pupils of 11 public primary schools in Maojian District.According to conventional way,pupils were examined by oral mirror and probe under natural light.The caries and dental filling of deciduous teeth,as well as the caries,loss and dental filling of permanent teeth were regarded as the dental caries.[Results] A total of 3 190 pupils aged 6-12 years old were examined,including 1 646 boys and 1 544 girls.2 243 pupils were suffering from dental caries,and the total prevalence rate was 70.31%.The average caries number was 2.58.990 boys had the dental caries with the prevalence rate of 60.15%,while 1 253 girls had the dental caries with the prevalence rate of 81.15%.[Conclusion] The status of dental caries among pupils is serious in Maojian District.It is important to carry out the oral examination,to improve the level of

  14. A survey report on dermatitis patients in hospital in Baoan district of Shenzhen city from 1992 to 2006%深圳市某区1992至2006年皮炎住院病例的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱志良; 叶伟国; 王绵珍; 张虹; 吴俊华

    2010-01-01

    目的 了解近年来深圳市某区皮炎住院患者的流行病学分布特点,为研究三氯乙烯(TCE)药疹样皮炎和预防提供依据.方法 对1992至2006年该区及其各街道医院的住院皮炎患者临床资料进行描述性分析.结果该区住院皮炎患者共645例,1998至2005年患者总人数呈上升趋势,主要年龄段为16~岁,其次为26~岁,工人占多数.过敏性皮炎(34.1%)、药物性皮炎(30.8%)、TCE药疹样皮炎(9.3%),依次为住院皮炎病例的前3位.60例TCE药疹样皮炎病例中有过敏史者2例(3.3%),与其他皮炎病例(144例,22.6%)比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);TCE药疹样皮炎患者肝功能异常的比例(71.7%)较高,与其他皮炎(13.8%)比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);患者主要分布于电子、五金、电镀行业.结论 TCE药疹样皮炎危害严重,加强工人的自我保护意识,重视重点行业、重点工种工人的工初观察和健康监护,减少职业接触机会,可以有效地减少TCE所致皮炎的发生.%Objective To analyze the epidemiological distribution of dermatitis patients in hospital and provide basis for studying the basic conditions and the prevention of dermatitis especially TCE-induced dermatitis in Baoan District of Shenzhen City.Methods All dermatitis patients in hospital in Baoan District from 1992 to 2006 were descriptively analyzed.Results There were 645 dermatitis patients in hospital in Baoan District.The total number of patients tended to rise in recent years,mainly in group of 16~ years old,followed by 26~ years old,with the majority of workers.The clinical diagnosis was allergic dermatitis (34.1%),drug-induced dermatitis and TCE-induced dermatitis (9.3%).Two among 60 patients with TCE-induced dermatitis had history of allergy (3.3%) with significat difference (P<0.05) compared with the patients with other dermatitis(144,22.6%).The risk of hepatic dysfunction in TCE-induced dermatitis(71.7%) was significantly greater

  15. Survey of health literacy among of residents in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province%广东省广州市越秀区城市居民健康素养调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖寅斌; 江汀; 许斌; 周文; 张明; 路娟; 何斯哲

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解广东省广州市越秀区居民健康素养水平及影响因素,为制定健康教育干预措施和策略提供依据.方法 通过多阶段随机抽样的方法,对越秀区481名居民进行问卷调查,了解居民健康素养情况.结果 越秀区居民具备健康素养的比例是6.9%,具备基本知识和理念、健康生活方式与行为、基本技能素养的比例分别是11.6%、5.6%和27.2%.不同年龄段居民的总体健康素养水平存在差异(P0.05).认知最差的健康素养题目是水传播疾病、急救知识、四害传播疾病知识、控烟行为、孕期保健行为等.结论 越秀区居民总体健康素养水平偏低,不同文化程度和年龄段的居民健康素养水平存在差异.今后可扩大健康素养传播的范围,采用多种方式进行健康教育干预.%Objective To understand the status and factors of intellectual and conceptual, behavioral and skillful health literacy among residents in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, and to provide evidence for the development of health education intervention strategies and measures. Methods By means of multistage random sampiing, 481 residents from Yuexiu District were selected by multistage random sampling and were investigated by health literacy questionnaires. Results The overall level of health literacy was 6. 9% among urban residents of Yuexiu District.The health literacy levels of basic health concept and knowledge, healthy lifestyle and behaviors, and health related skills were 11.6%, 5. 6% and 27. 2% respectively. The overall health literacy levels were different among residents of different age groups and residents of different education levels, and the differences had statistical significance (P < 0. 05 ). There was not statistical significance in the differences of health literacy levels among male and female residents ( P > 0. 05 ). The health literacy awareness rates of residents were low in water

  16. 陕西省渭河流域各城区水资源社会可再生性评价%Social Renewability of Water Resources of the Cities and District in the Weihe River Basin,Shanxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高蕾; 任志远; 王丽霞

    2009-01-01

    The Weihe River basin mainly lies in arid and semi-arid regions of Shaanxi province, and many cities in this area faced the problem of water scarcity. Social renewability of water resources is purely about the characteristics of water resources in its utilization.The improvement of it is significant for utilizing water resource in high-efficiency. In this article, the methods, which used several indexes to show social renewability of water resources in water scarcity cities of the Weihe River basin, were put forward. By establishing the evaluation index system of social renewability of city water resources, grade evaluation standard,and introducing gray correlation theory, this gray correlation theory has been used to evaluate the degree of social renewability in cities. The results show that Baoji' s social renewability of water resources in the cities of the Wei River Basin is at the highest level, xi' an and Xianyang are at the stronger level of, Yangling district is at the middle level of,Weinan and Tongchuan are at the weaker level of. And the measures to improve it were also put forward finally.%陕西省渭河流域位于干旱、半干旱区,流域内许多城市都面临着水资源短缺问题.水资源社会可再生性是水资源在利用过程中所表现出的特性,其值的增强对于实现水资源的高效利用具有重要意义.本文针对陕西省渭河流域提出了基于若干指标来综合表征缺水城市水资源社会可再生性的方法,并在此基础上对该漉域6个城区的水资源社会可再生性进行了评价.通过建立城市水资源社会可再生性评价指标体系、分级评价标准.引入灰色关联理论,构建了灰色关联分析等级评价模型,并运用该模型分析了研究区域内各城区的水资源可再生程度.研究结果表明,宝鸡的水资源社会可再生性最强,西安、咸阳较强,杨凌区中等.渭南、铜川较弱.本文最后提出了增强这些城市水资源社会可再生性的途径.

  17. Nippon Steel Corp.: Carbon fiber seat business of Tonen Corp., formal bribery Nippon Steel Corp; Tonen no tanso seni shito jigyo. Shinnittetsu ga seishiki baishu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-02-28

    Nippon Steel Corp. and Tonen Corp. announced that it signed the transfer contract of carbon fiber seat business on December 1, 1998. (Nittetsu composite) is established as a business company of carbon fiber compound material fitted to the existent business, and it makes use of the multiplier effect of the business integration, and the new day iron which purchased a business from Tonen Corp. works for the scale expansion. (translated by NEDO)

  18. 重庆市某区2003~2014年艾滋病疫情分析%Analysis on AIDS epidemic situation in Changshou district of Chongqing city from 2003 to 2014

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张昊

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析重庆市某区2003~2014年人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)感染状况及流行特征,以便为重庆市某区制定防治艾滋病相关策略提供科学依据。方法利用中国疾病预防控制信息系统艾滋病综合防治信息系统(新)收集相关信息资料,对重庆市某区2003~2014年HIV感染者和艾滋病患者的相关数据进行分析。结果2003~2014年重庆市某区艾滋病疫情逐渐上升,共计报告718例,HIV感染者443例(61.70%),艾滋病患者275例(38.30%)。718例HIV/艾滋病患者中男585例(81.48%),女133例(18.52%);以40~<50岁[34.12%(245/718)]、家务及待业[27.86%(200/718)]、初中文化程度[52.37%(376/718)]为主,传播途径主要以异性性传播[57.66%(414/718)]、注射毒品传播[20.89%(150/718)]、同性性传播[15.60%(112/718)]为主。结论重庆市某区为艾滋病疫情一类县区,性传播及注射吸毒为最主要传播途径,高危人群普遍缺乏预防艾滋病相关知识,男男性接触人群、老年感染者逐年上升,已成为当前艾滋病防治工作的重点。%Objective To analyze the infection status and epidemic characteristics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)in a district of Chongqing city from 2003 to 2014 so as to provide the scientific basis for Changshou district formulating AIDS related prevention strategies. Methods The related information data of HIV infected persons and AIDS patients in Chang-shou district during 2003-2014 were collected from the AIDS Comprehensive Prevention and Treatment Information System in the China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention and analyzed by using the descriptive epidemiology method. Re-sults Totally 718 cases of HIV infection/AIDS were reported in Changshou district ,including 443 cases (61.70%) of HIV infec-tion and 275 cases(38.30%) of AIDS. In 718 cases of HIV infection/AIDS,585 cases(81.48%)were males and 133

  19. 江门市新会区乳母成熟乳主要营养成分分析%Analysis on main nutritional ingredients in mature milk of lying-in women in Xinhui district of Jiangmen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李思会; 李燕钰; 谭建珍

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To understand the contents of main nutritional ingredients in mature milk of lying - in women in Xinhui district of Jiangmen city and the differences among lying - in women with different ages, parities, and delivery modes. Methods: Breast milk samples (20 ml) of 1 250 full - term lying - in women at 42 days after delivery were collected in Xinhui district of Jiangmen city, the contents of main nutritional ingredients (protein, lipid, and lactose) in breast milk samples were detected, and then the results were compared with reference values, the percentages of lying - in women whose contents of main nutritional ingredients reached the reference values were analyzed statistically; the differences of contents of main nutritional ingredients among lying - in women with different ages, parities, and delivery modes were analyzed statistically. Results: The contents of lactose and protein in mature milk of lying - in women in Xinhui district were stable, which reached the reference values or were higher than the reference values; the content of lipid was unstable, 34.7% of them reached the reference value, 3. 6% of them were higher than the reference value, and 61. 8% of them were lower than the reference value; there was no statistically significant difference in the contents of main nutritional ingredients in mature milk among lying - in women with different ages ( 20 - 29 - year - old, 30 - 34 - year - old, and > 35 - year - old), parities (primiparous women and parturient women) , and delivery modes ( vaginal delivery and cesarean section) ( P > 0. 05) . Conclusion: The nutritional status of lying - in women in Xinhui district is good generally, but the content of lipid in breast milk is unstable, the proportion of lying - in women with contents of main nutritional ingredients lower than the reference values is high, dietary nutritional guidance targeting to lying - in women should be conducted widely to further improve the quality of breast milk; the main

  20. Analysis on monitoring results of disinfection quality in medical institutions in Bincheng District of Binzhou City%滨州市滨城区医疗卫生机构消毒质量监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    权永芬

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective]To know the quality of disinfection and sterilization in medical institutions, improve the disinfection management and infection control. [ Methods ] The monitoring results of disinfection quality in medical institutions at various levels in Bincheng District of Binzhou City during 2009-2011 were analyzed to understand the main problems of disinfection in medical institutions. [ Results] A total of 2 076 samples were collected during 2009-2011, and the total qualified rate was 92.44%. From 2009 to 2011, the annual qualified rate was 90.88% , 92. 17% and 93.91% , respectively. The qualified rate of different items in descending order was in-use disinfectants (100% ) , sterilized articles (97.96% ) , hands of medical staff (92.35% ) , object surface (91.81% ) and indoor air (88. 47% ). [Conclusion]There are some problems of disinfection quality in medical institutions in Bincheng district. It is essential to carry out related measures, as well as strengthen the monitoring and management.%目的 了解医疗卫生机构消毒灭菌工作质量,加强医疗消毒与感染控制管理工作.方法 通过对滨州市滨城区各级医疗卫生机构2009-2011年消毒质量监测结果的分析,了解掌握医疗卫生机构在消毒工作中存在的问题.结果 2009-2011年共采集样品2 076份,总合格率为92.44%:2009-2011年合格率分别为90.88%、92.17%、93.91%.不同项目检测合格率由高到低依次为使用中消毒剂(100%)、灭菌物品(97.96%)、医护人员手(92.35%)、物体表面(91.81%)、室内空气(88.47%).结论 滨城区医疗卫生机构消毒工作质量还存在一些问题,需要采取进一步措施,加强监督和管理.

  1. Study on the examination and treatment effect of filariasis in Haojiang district of Shantou city%汕头市濠江区丝虫病查治效果调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑伟江; 陈少光; 张文钦; 陈朝晖

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解汕头市濠江区丝虫病流行情况,总结消除丝虫病的策略及经验.方法 病原学监测,实施综合性防治;对50多年来实施综合防治措施的效果进行分析.结果 1960-1998年,完成对象治疗、全民服药174403人次.1984年,汕头市濠江区人群微丝蚴血症率从防治前(1960年)的7.2%降至0.5%,达到基本消除丝虫病标准;1998年继续降至0,达到了消除丝虫病标准.结论 50多年来,汕头市濠江区防治丝虫病措施效果显著,消除丝虫病远期效果巩固.%Objective To know about the epidemic situation of filariasis in Haojiang district of Shantou city, summarize the strategies and experiences on the eradication of filariasis, and consolidate the control achievements against filariasis.Methods The results of pathogenic surveillance and comprehensive measures for filariasis in the past 50 years were analyzed.Results 174 403 people were treated with diethylearbamazine (DEC) (including treatment of filarial patients and administration to general population).By repeated examinations and treatments, the crowd microfilaremia rate decreased from 7.2% before control measures in 1960 to 0.5% in 1984, reaching the criterion of Fundamental Filariasis Eradication, and the rate was decreased continuously to 0 in 1998, reaching the Criterion of Filariasis Eradication.Conclusion The control measures against filariasis was effective in Haojiang district for the past 50 years and the filariasis eradication was further consolidated.

  2. 2009-2011年合肥市蜀山区农药中毒流行病学分析%Epidemiological analysis on pesticide poisoning in Shushan District of Hefei City from 2009-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莉萍

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]To comprehensively learn about the epidemic status,hazard degree, occurrence regularity and distribution characteristics of pesticide poisoning in Shushan District of Hefei City, provide the basis for controlling and reducing the pesticide poisoning, as well as carrying out the network report management. [Methods] By using the Health hazards monitoring information system, the pesticide poisoning cases were analyzed statistically. [ Results] Most of pesticide poisoning cases in Shushan District were unproductive poisoning. The incidence rate in females was higher than that in males, and 47.5% of patients were people aged 25- 45 years old. The mortality of poisoning patients increased with increasing age, but there was no statistical significant difference (χ2 = 7. 391,P > 0. 05 ). Among these cases, phosphate pesticide poisoning was the most frequently reported. [ Conclusion] The pesticide poisoning has become a serious public health problem, and has a profound impact on people! health. Comprehensive interventions should be carried out to prevent various pesticide poisoning events, particularly the public education of pesticide safety.%目的 为全面掌握合肥市蜀山区农药中毒的发生现状、危害程度、发病规律及分布特点,为控制、减少农药中毒的发生和做好网络报告管理工作提供依据.方法 利用健康危害因素监测信息系统对报告的农药中毒病例进行统计分析.结果 合肥市蜀山区农药中毒以非生产性中毒为主,女性中毒发生率高于男性;中毒病例年龄集中在25~ 45岁,占47.5%.中毒患者的病死率有随年龄增高逐渐增加的趋势,但差异无统计学意义(x2=7.391,P>0.05).中毒农药以有机磷农药中毒最为常见.结论 农药中毒已形成了一个严重的公共卫生问题,对居民健康产生深远的影响,应采用综合干预措施预防各类农药中毒事故的发生,尤其是要加强农药安全知识的宣传教育.

  3. Pollution Status of Cakes and Pastry in Scholl Canteen in Futian District of Shenzhen City%深圳市福田区学校食堂糕点类食品铝污染状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋立新; 王永刚; 杨梅; 周洁; 黄慧萍

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the aluminum pollution status of cakes and pastry and the use of leavening agents in school canteens in Futian District of Shenzhen City. [Methods] A total of 190 samples of cakes and pastry, 29 samples of wheat flour, 22 samples of leavening agent were collected from school canteen during 2008 to 2010, Aluminum content was determined by using Inductive Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrosoopy. Self-designed questionnaire was used to survey the types and add methods of leavening agents in school canteen. [ Results ] 123 out of 190 samples of cakes and pastry was eligible. The use rate of leavening agent with low aluminum or non-aluminum increased from 2008 to 2010. 25.58% pastry cooks added leavening agent with weighing instruments.18.65% pastry cooks knew the aluminum content of leavening agent in use. [ Conclusion] Aluminum pollution of cakes and pastry is serious in school canteens of Futian District. Non-aluminum leavening agent should be recommended to school canteens. And it is important to master its using method.%目的 了解深圳市福田区学校食堂糕点类食品的铝污染状况及膨松剂的使用情况.方法 2008-2010年从学校食堂采集糕点类食品190份,面粉29份,膨松剂22份.用电感耦合等离子体质谱仪测定铝含量,用自制问卷调查各学校食堂膨松剂的使用种类及添加方法.结果 福田区190份糕点类食品中合格123份,2008-2010年低铝或无铝膨松剂使用率逐年提高.25.58%的厨师使用称量工具添加膨松剂,18.60%的厨师了解使用的含铝膨松剂的铝含量.结论 福田区学校食堂糕点类食品中铝污染严重,应引导学校食堂使用无铝膨松剂,并掌握膨松剂的使用方法.

  4. 基于RS和GIS的韶关市浈江区土地利用格局变化分析%Land Use Pattern Change in Zhenjiang District of Shaoguan City Analysis Based on RS and GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文; 钟文平; 陈世发

    2014-01-01

    土地利用格局变化是全球环境变化与可持续发展的重要研究内容。根据2009年和2012年韶关市浈江区遥感影像图,通过RS和GIS空间分析方法,分析浈江区土地利用格局及变化状况。研究结果表明:①城镇村及工矿用地和交通运输用地绝对面积增加,其余土地利用类型绝对面积均减少,绝对面积的变化与土地利用绝对面积大小相关;②交通运输用地的增加率最大,达48.28%,递减率最大的土地利用类型为其他土地,速率高达11.40%;③耕地、林地、草地、水域及水利设施用地和未利用地主要向城镇村及工矿用地转移,园地主要向交通运输用地转移,城镇村及工矿用地主要向林地转移,而交通运输用地没有发生转移。%land use change is an important part of global environmental change and sustainable development. According to the remote sensing images in 2009 and 2012 in Zhenjiang District of Shaoguan City, through the RS and GIS spatial analysis method, analysis patterns and changes of land use status in Zhenjiang district. The results showed that: urban village and industrial and mining land and transportation land area increased, the remaining land use type absolute area were reduced, the absolute area change and land use absolute size related; the traffic land increase rate, up to 48.28%, the largest decline rate of land use type for other land, rates of up to 11.40%; the cultivated land, woodland, grassland, and water conservancy facilities land and unused land mainly to the urban village and industrial land, garden mainly to the transportation land transfer, urban village and industrial land to forest land transfer, and transportation land without metastasis.

  5. 2009~2010年深圳市宝安区艾滋病流行病学调查%Epidemiological survey of HIV infections from 2009 to 2010 in Baoan District of Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张强; 邱望; 涂玉山; 陈晓燕

    2011-01-01

    目的 通过对深圳市宝安区2009年与2010年艾滋病疫情分析与对比,发现艾滋病流行的特点及影响因素,并提出相应的防治对策.方法 通过中国疾病预防控制信息系统获得2009~2010年宝安区的HIV感染情况数据,采用Excel与SAS软件建库统计指标计算与分析.结果 宝安区在2009年与2010年发现艾滋病疫情分别为204例与229例,户籍分布主要集中在流动人口上;感染者男性远多于女性,年龄主要分布在20~40岁之间,感染者主要以性传播为主,血液传播比例不断下降.结论 目前应该重点对流动人口以及MSM人群开展预防与控制工作.%Objective To find the epidemiological characteristics and influential factors of HIV infection in Baoan District,Shenzhen from 2009 to 2010 for putting forward corresponding prevention and control measures. Methods The data were obtained from China Disease Prevention and Control Information System and analyzed by using Excel and SAS statistical software. Results The 204 and 229 AIDS patients were detected in Baoan District in 2009 and 2010,most of them were floating population in the age group of 20~40 years and the number of male patients was more than that of the female cases. Sexual transmission was the main routes of infection and the proportion of blood transmission reduced uninterruptedly. Conclusion At present emphasis be made on the management of floating population and MSM for prevention and control AIDS/HIV infection in Shenzhen City.

  6. To analyze epidemiological characteristics of syphilis in Changzhou city Xinbei district from 2009 to 2012%常州市新北区2009~2012年梅毒流行病学特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊玉琴

    2014-01-01

    Objective To learn epidemic status of syphilis in Changzhou city Xinbei district, to evaluate the implemented effect of syphilis control strategies, and to provide the basis for the development of prevention and control strategies. Methods Xinbei district syphilis from January 2009 to December 2012 were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology. Results The region reported a total of 774 cases with syphilis from January 2009 to December 2012, the incidence was the highest in 2009(43.21/100,000), Phase Ⅰ had 272 cases, Phase Ⅱ had 212 cases, Phase Ⅲ had 8 cases, congenital syphilis had 3 cases, latent syphilis had 279 cases. Male to female ratio was 1 ∶ 1.07, the workers' incidence percentage was the highest in occupational distribution, accounted for 26.49%. Conclusion Prevention and control work of syphilis in the area have achieved certain results, but still increase the prevention and control efforts for workers and peasants.%目的:了解常州市新北区梅毒流行现状,评价梅毒控制策略实施效果,为制订防控策略提供依据。方法运用描述性流行病学方法,对2009年1月~2012年12月新北区梅毒发病情况进行分析。结果2009年1月~2012年12月全区共报告梅毒患者774例,2009年发病率最高(43.21/10万),其中Ⅰ期272例,Ⅱ期212例,Ⅲ期8例,胎传梅毒3例,隐性梅毒279例。男女比例为1∶1.07,职业分布以工人发病比例最高,占26.49%。结论该区梅毒防控工作取得一定成效,但仍要加大工人和农民的防控力度。

  7. Approches Somatiques du Corps dans la Danse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcilio Souza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available L’éducation somatique est comprise comme un domaine interdisciplinaire qui porte sur la prise de conscience du corps et de son mouvement, proposant une découverte personnelle de ses propres mouvements, de ses propres sensations. Cet article vise une réflexion à travers quelques notes sur le concept d’éducation somatique, de Soma et de corps, ainsi qu’à mettre en évidence deux approches somatiques incorporées dans les pratiques du sujet en question comme les moyens possibles pour penser ce champ d’étude en danse. L’article part d’une approche phénoménologique fondée sur les études de Merleau-Ponty (1999, en prenant comme technique de recherche la description merleau-pontienne.

  8. Colonoscopy Screening in the US Astronaut Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masterova, K.; Van Baalen, M.; Wear, M. L.; Murray, J.; Schaefer, C.

    2016-01-01

    Historically, colonoscopy screenings for astronauts have been conducted to ensure that astronauts are in good health for space missions. This data has been identified as being useful for determining appropriate occupational surveillance targets and requirements. Colonoscopies in the astronaut corps can be used for: (a) Assessing overall colon health, (b) A point of reference for future tests in current and former astronauts, (c) Following-up and tracking rates of colorectal cancer and polyps; and (d) Comparison to military and other terrestrial populations. In 2003, medical screening requirements for the active astronaut corps changed to require less frequent colonoscopies. Polyp removal during a colonoscopy is an intervention that prevents the polyp from potentially developing into cancer and decreases the individual's risk for colon cancer.

  9. American Las Vegas Sands Corp. Visiting Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Yinghong; Liu Jinliang

    2006-01-01

    @@ On August 29, Wan Jifei, Chairman of CCPIT, meets the visiting delegation led by Sheldon G. Adelson,Chairman of the Board and principal owner of Las Vegas Sands Corp. in CCPIT. Zhao Zhenge, Vice Director of International Connection Department of CCPIT, Luo Guoxiong from Beijing China Exhibition Investment Company, Xu Jingyi, Assistant Director of American and Oceanian Affairs Division of CCPIT, also attended the meeting.

  10. 佛山市南海城区环境空气中铅污染现状分析研究%Analysis of Lead Air Contamination in Urban Area of Nanhai District of Foshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁秋仪; 陈鉴祥; 梁永祥; 吴伟棠; 谭建文

    2016-01-01

    An air quality monitoring station has been set up in the urban center of the Nanhai district of Foshan City, in order to understand the statement of the atmospheric pollution from lead. Gravimetric method was adopted to determine the contents of atmospheric particulate matter, and ICP-MS method was adopted to determine the contents of lead in atmospheric particulate matter. Here are the results as follows:the average values of TSP, PM10 and PM2. 5 were 150 ug/m3 ,99 ug/m3 and 67 ug/m3 , the average values of lead in TSP, PM10 and PM2. 5 were 214 ng/m3 ,175 ng/m3 ,156 ng/m3 . It is concluded that yhe concentration of lead in the atmosphere reached the Secondary National Standard of Air Environmental Quality in the urban area of Nanhai. Mean-while, comparing with other cities in the Delta-Region of the Pearl River, the content of lead in the atmosphere was of a medium level. Lead in the atmosphere, which most often came from vehicle exhaust, was mainly distributed to PM2. 5 .%为了解佛山市南海城区环境空气中铅污染现状,在南海城区中心设置空气质量监测点,采用重量法和电感耦合等离子体质谱法分别对空气颗粒物及不同粒径颗粒物的铅含量进行定量分析,测定结果为:TSP、PM10、PM2.5平均浓度分别是150 ug/m3、99 ug/m3、67 ug/m3,其中铅平均浓度分别是214 ng/m3、175 ng/m3、156 ng/m3.结论为:南海城区环境空气中的铅浓度达到国家环境空气质量二级标准,铅污染水平处于珠江三角洲的中游;大气中的铅主要分布在PM2.5中,机动车尾气是其主要来源.

  11. Monitoring and Analysis of Maternal Mortality in the Nanhai District of Foshan City from 2003 to 2013%佛山市南海区2003~2013年孕产妇死亡监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林惠巧; 林青梅; 陈雪梅; 黎敏; 梅晓芳

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To explore the characteristics of maternal mortality and the effective measures to reduce mortality in the Nanhai District of Foshan city.Methods: Maternal and child health care hospital of Nanhai District of Foshan city was reported to the pregnant women, and combined with the twelve forms of assessment, to analyze the causes of death in 61 cases of 2003-2013 years. Results: The characteristics of the maternal mortality in our region can be divided into 2007 before and after 2007 two stage, five years ago, the maternal mortality rate increased year by year, six years over the previous five years greatly decreased, average maternal mortality: 17.38/10 million. Five years ago, the cause of death to direct obstetrical factors, including obstetric uterine atony, amniotic fluid embolism, retained placenta, ectopic pregnancy, after five years in the indirect obstetric factors mainly, including: pregnancy complicated medical diseases, abdominal vascular rupture.Conclusion: The whole quality level of the whole area is improved, and the level of supervision is the main measure to reduce the maternal mortality at the present stage.%目的:探讨佛山市南海区孕产妇死亡特点及降低死亡率的有效措施。方法:佛山市南海区妇幼保健院收集上报孕产妇个案调查表,结合十二表格评审法,对2003~2013年61例开展死因分析。结果:我区产妇死亡率特点可分为2007年(含,下同)前及2007年以后两阶段,前5年孕产妇死亡率逐年上升,后6年较前5年大幅度下降,平均孕产妇死亡率:17.38/10万。前5年死亡原因以直接产科因素为主,包括产科宫缩乏力、羊水栓塞、胎盘滞留、异位妊娠等,后5年以间接产科因素为主,包括:妊娠合并内科疾病、腹部血管破裂等。结论:全区产科质量水平的整体提高,高度监管是现阶段降低孕产妇死亡的主要措施。

  12. 黑龙江省富拉尔基区老年性痴呆患病情况调查%Prevalence of Alzheimer's disease among residents of Fulaerji district of Qigihar city, Heilongjiang province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙正海; 崔光成; 韩云峰; 丰宏林

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨黑龙江省齐齐哈尔市富拉尔基区老年性痴呆(AD)的流行病学特点及分布规律.方法 采用分层多级整群抽样方法确定调查对象,调查采用筛查和临床诊断两阶段法,筛查阶段采用简易智能精神状态量表(MMSE)和日常生活能力量表(ADL)进行测试,临床诊断阶段根据病史、临床体格检查、神经心理测验作出评定,诊断采用DSM-IV和NINCDS -ADRDA的标准.结果 3 698名≥60岁老年人中,老年AD患者87例,患病率为2.4%,其中轻型占59.77%,中型占24.14%,重型占16.09%;AD患病率女性为2.92%,男性为1.83%,女性患病率高于男性,差异有统计学意义(x2=4.79,P<0.05);AD的患病率随着年龄的增加而升高(Z=7.90,P<0.01);文化程度越低老年性痴呆的患病率越高(Z=-3.18,P<0.01);农村AD患病率高于城市,差异无统计学意义(x2=0.77,P>0.05).结论 富拉尔基区老年性痴呆女性的患病率高于男性;患病率随着年龄的升高增加;文化程度越低患病率越高.%Objective To explore the epidemiological characteristics and distribution of Alzheimer's disease (AD) among residents of Fulaerji district of Qiqihar city, Heilongjiang province. Methods Stratified mulitstage cluster sampling method was adopted in the survey. The investigation included screening and clinical diagnosis. Mini Mental-State Examination (MMSE) and activites of daily living (ADL) were used in the screening. The diagnosis was made based on clinical history,clinical examination, neuropsychological testing according to the criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical of Mental Disorder,4th ed(DSM-IV) and the National Institute of Neurologic,Communicative Disorders and Stroke-AD and RelatedDisorders Association(NINCDS-ADRDA). Results Among 3 698 elder persons aged 60 years or over, 87 AD patients were identified with a prevalence rate of 2. 4% ,of which 59. 77% ,24. 14% ,and 16. 09% were mild, moderate, and severe cases. The

  13. Dietary behavior of junior and senior high school students in Fangshan District of Beijing City%北京市房山区初中生与高中生饮食行为比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘天军

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解2012年北京市房山区初中生与高中生饮食行为现状及差异,为制定相应干预措施提供科学依据.方法 抽取北京市房山区中学生共1 710名,采用“北京市青少年健康相关行为调查问卷”进行调查.结果 北京市房山区高中生大量喝饮料、在西式快餐店、路边摊用餐和偏食等不健康饮食行为的报告率(30.1%、1.4%、4.5%、42.2%)高于初中生(22.0%、0.3%、0.8%、32.4%);初中生每天吃新鲜水果、蔬菜和每天吃早餐、喝一杯牛奶等健康饮食行为的报告率(53.2%、80.0%、71.4%、30.7%)高于高中生(35.0%、34.6%、21.0%、19.0%).母亲文化程度越高,初中生健康饮食行为越多,不健康饮食行为越少;高中生母亲文化程度越高,无论健康还是不健康饮食行为也越多.结论 该区中学生学段越高不健康饮食行为越多,母亲的文化程度对初中生和高中生存在不同的影响.%[Objective] To understand the eating habit status and differences between junior and senior high school students in Fangshan District of Beijing City in 2012, and provide scientific evidence for developing interventions accordingly. [Methods] A total of 1 719 high school students were recruited for investigation of "Beijing Adolescent Health Behavior Questionnaire" in Fangshan District of Beijing City. [ Results ] The investigation showed that for heavy consumption of beverage, western-style fast-food restaurants, street vendors dining and being choosy about one's food, the unhealthy eating habit reported rates of senior high school students(30. 1% , 1.4% , 4.5% , 42.2% , respectively) were higher than those of junior high school students(22.0% , 0. 3% , 0. 8% , 32.4% , respectively) ; while for daily consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables , breakfast and a glass of milk, the healthy eating habit reported rates of junior high school students (53.2% ,80.0% , 71.4% , 30.7% , respectively) were

  14. 2006-2010年南宁市兴宁区麻疹流行病学特征分析%Epidemiological Characteristics of Measles in Xingning District of Nanning City during 2006 -2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹军; 麻巍峨; 陈汉平; 方艳晖; 吴丹琴

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解南宁市兴宁区2006-2010年麻疹流行病特征与规律,为今后麻疹防治策略和措施提供科学依据.方法 根据中国疾病预防控制信息系统和麻疹流行病学个案调查表,对南宁市兴宁区2006-2010年麻疹发病情况进行描述性流行病学分析.结果 南宁市兴宁区2006-2010年共报告麻疹240例,病例以散发和局部暴发为特征,年平均发病率1.6/10万.发病高峰在3-8月份,以散居儿童为主,发病年龄集中<5岁年龄组,其中<8月龄和8月~组占大多数,成人麻疹也有一定比例.结论 加强儿童麻疹接种率,普种和强化接种相结合是降低麻疹发病率的有效手段;落实入学入托查验接种证制度保证大年龄组儿童免受麻疹感染的根本途径,卫生部门、社区组织、派出所等部门形成一个长效的计划免疫管理机制是提高流动儿童麻疹接种率的有效探索.同时考虑对麻疹初免年龄提前到6月龄以及对育龄妇女在生育前进行麻珍疫苗注射是降低<8月龄儿童麻疹的有效措施.%[Objective]To understand the epidemic characteristics and rules of measles in Xingning District of Nanning City from 2006 to 2010, and provide scientific evidence for developing future measles control strategies. [Methods] According to the China Disease Prevention mid Control Information Systems and cases of measles epidemiological survey, the incidence of measles in Xingning District of Nanning City from 2006 to 2010 was analyzed by descriptive epidemiology. [Results] A total of 240 cases of measles were reported during 2006 -2010, case distribution were characterized as sporadic cases and local outbreak, the average annual incidence rate was 1. 6/100 000. The peak incidence appeared during March to August, mainly scattered children, the age of onset concentrated in <5 years age group, among which children aged <8 months and 8 months to 5 years accounted for the majority group, there was a certain

  15. 宜昌市夷陵区农村居民代谢综合征患病率调查%Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome among the Rural Population in Yilin District, Yichang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈克义; 董艳萍; 屈万红; 赵曦月; 梁小云

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) among rural population in Yilin District,Yiehang City, and to compare the prevalence between migrants and non-migrants. Methods Using multi-stage clustering sampling, 9 871 rural people aged from 35 to 74 were investigated. The diagnosis of MS was based on the diagnostic criteria in 2004 by Chinese Diabetes Society (CDS) and the prevalent rate was standardized by the census data of the whole country in 2000. Results The gross prevalence of MS was 8.17% which was 8.10% in male group while 8.21% in female group (P>0.05).The standardized prevalence was 8.10%, 7.94% in male and 8.26% in female (P>0.05). Besides, the prevalence was 8.77% in migrant group and 8.04% in non-migrant group (P>0.05). The prevalence rank of each component of MS was, from the highest to the lowest, dyslipidemia (46.40%), hypertension (36.14%), overweight or obesity (22.23%) and hyperglycemia (10.62%),respectively. The percent of people with more than one component was 35.10%. Conclusion The prevalence of MS among rural people in Yilin District, Yichang City was relatively high and government should strengthen investigation and control of MS or relevant diseases among rural people.%目的 分析宜昌市夷陵区农村人群代谢综合征(MS)的患病状况,并比较移民与非移民MS的患病率.方法 采用多级整群抽样的方法,按照中华医学会糖尿病学分会(CDS)2004年提出的诊断标准,于2008年2月对9 871名年龄在35~74岁的农村居民进行MS患病率调查,用2000年全国人口普查数据进行标化.结果 该人群MS的粗患病率为8.17%,男性为8.10%,女性为8.21%;MS标化患病率为8.10%,其中男性标化患病率为7.94%,女性标化患病率为8.26%.移民MS患病率为8.77%,非移民MS患病率为8.04%.性别间及移民与非移民间MS患病率差别无统计学意义.MS各组分检出率为10.63%~36.14%,至少有一项代谢异常者占35.10%.

  16. Investigation on immunization coverage rate among children in Futian District of Shenzhen City in 2010%2010年深圳市福田区儿童免疫接种率调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡琳; 方琼; 王永刚; 曹丽; 周志峰; 林宝妮

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the implementation status of immunization program in Futian district of Shenzhen City, provide the scientific basis for making the policies of immunization program in Futian District. [Methods] According to the capacity probability ratio method, 924 children were collected from 8 streets of Fun'an district, and the coverage rates of 9 vaccines and its influencing factors were investigated. [Results]The basic coverage rate and the reinforce coverage rate of 6 vaccines had reached 95%. The coverage rate of pertussis-tetanus vaccine was 85. 71%. The coverage rate of group A epidemic encephalitis vaccine, group A + C epidemic encephalitis vaccine and hepatitis A vaccine which were newly involved in national immunization program was 88.32% , 96.92% and 81.71% , respectively. There were significant differences in rate of establishing immunization card among children with different household registrations and residential types (P<0.05). The differences in qualified vaccination rate among children with different household registrations and residential types were significant (P<0.05). The main cause of unqualified vaccination in children was overdue vaccination, and the most of unqualified vaccination were measles vaccine and Japanese encephalitis vaccine. [ Conclusion] The coverage rates of 6 vaccines of national immunization program are at a high level, and the coverage rates of second dose of pertussis-tetanus vaccine, group A + C epidemic encephalitis vaccine should be improved in the future.%目的 了解深圳市福田区免疫规划实施情况,为制定全区免疫规划工作相关政策提供科学依据.方法 在全区8个街道按容量概率比例法抽取924名儿童调查“9苗”接种率现况及相关影响因素.结果 6苗基础、加强接种率均达到95%以上,白破疫苗接种率为85.71%,新纳入国家免疫规划的A群流行性脑膜炎(流脑)、A+C群流脑、甲型肝炎接种率分别为88.32%、96.92

  17. 秦皇岛市北戴河区教师行业高胆固醇血症的发病情况%Epidemic situation of hypercholesterolemia among teachers in Beidaihe District of Qinhuangdao City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪欧; 刘学双; 康凯燕; 孙香云; 张海滨; 任力; 刘世娟

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To analyze the changes in prevalence of hypercholesterolemia among teachers in Beidaihe District of Qinhuangdao City in different years. [Methods]The results of physical examination of town teachers in Beidaihe district in 2009 and 2010 were collected, and were grouped according to examination time, age and gender. The data were analyzed statistically. The detection rate of hypercholesterolemia among teachers was analyzed, and its increasing reasons and countermeasures were studied. [ Results] The total detection rate of hypercholesterolemia among teachers in 2010 was significantly higher than that in 2009 (P < 0.01). The detection rates of hypercholesterolemia in different sex groups and age groups in 2010 were significantly higher than those in 2009( P < 0.01). The detection rate of hypercholesterolemia in males in 2009 was higher than that in females, and in 2010 that showed an inverse result. The annual increasing rate in females was higher than that in males. [ Conclusion ] The detection rate of hypercholesterolemia among teachers in Beidaihe district increases year by year, and the increasing rate in females is higher than that in males.%目的 分析秦皂岛市北戴河区教师行业高胆固醇血症发病的逐年变化情况.方法 分别筛选2009及2010年北戴河区城镇居民参加体检的教职工的体检结果,按照体检时间、年龄、性别进行分组,并对各组体检数据进行统计学处理,分析北戴河区教师行业高胆固醇血症的检出情况,分析其增长原因及其对策.结果 2010年教师行业总体的高胆固醇血症检出率明显高于2009年,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),不同性别及不同年龄组的高胆同醇血症检出率2010年均较2009年明显增多,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).2009年男性的高胆同醇血症检出率高于女性,2010年女性高于男性,高胆固醇血症的逐年增长率女性多于男性.结论 北戴河区教师行业高胆固醇血症的检出

  18. 武汉市洪山区2006~2010年产科质量情况分析%Annual quality analysis of obstetrics department of Hongshan district in Wuhan city from 2006 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨欢

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the obstetrics department quality of Hongshan district from 2006 to 2010, look for gaps in current work, make clear focus in the future management of obstetric department quality, strive for the lower rate of ce -sarean section, reduce the mortality of pregnant woman and perinatal infant, in order to provide objective basis for formu -lating effective preventive measures and enhancing the quality of obstetrics department. Methods: A retrospective study method was adopted. Delivery situation reports of 45 564 cases of puerpera in Hongshan district of midwifery services from 2006 to 2010 were statistical analyzed. Results: From 2006 to 2010, in Hongshan district of Wuhan city human intervention of delivery mode such as the rate of cesarean section increased, and the mortality rates of pregnant woman and perina -tal infant had been effectively controlled. Compared the maternal mortality rate between urban with rural, the difference was significant (χ2=5.53, P<0.05). Compared the cesarean section rate of pregnant woman between urban with rural, the difference was significant (χ2=16.98, P<0.01). Conclusion: Strengthening the high-risk pregnancy management, reducing the cesarean section rate, strengthening quality constructed of primary obstetric midwifery service, increasing the publicity efforts of health education are the major interventions to improve the quality of obstetrics department and guarantee safety of maternal and child.%目的:对洪山区2006~2010年产科质量进行分析研究,寻找目前工作的差距,明确今后产科质量管理的重点,争取降低剖宫产率,降低孕产妇及围生儿的死亡率,为制定有效的干预措施、提高产科质量提供客观依据.方法:采用回顾性研究方法,对2006~2010年洪山区各助产技术服务机构共45 564例产妇的接生情况报表进行统计分析.结果:2006~2010年武汉市洪山区剖宫产率等人为干预分娩方式上升,孕产妇死亡率和

  19. Epidemic trend of class-B infectious diseases in Yuhuatai district of Nanjing city 2001-2010%2001-2010年南京市雨花台区乙类传染病的发病趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨诚; 张红梅; 王芳

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析南京市雨花台区乙类传染病疫情动态和流行特征,为制定和完善传染病防治策略和措施提供科学依据.方法 采用描述流行病学方法进行分析.结果 2001-2010年共报告乙类传染病15种,累计发病5 882例,死亡5例,年平均发病率为221.25/10万,年平均死亡率为0.16/10万.痢疾、肺结核、梅毒10年中一直位居发病率的前5位.发病分类构成以血源及性传播传染病所占比例最高,为35.02%,结论 2001-2010年该区乙类传染病报告发病率总体呈现下降趋势,呼吸道传染病呈上升趋势,肠道传染病呈下降趋势.痢疾、肺结核、梅毒是雨花台区传染病防治的工作重点,同时进一步关注和控制血源及性传播传染病.%[Objective]To analyze the epidemic status and epidemiological characteristics of class-B infectious diseases in Yuhuatai district of Nanjing city, provide the scientific basis for making and perfecting the control strategies of infectious diseases. [Methods]The descriptive epidemiology method was adopted. [Results] 15 kinds of class-B infectious diseases were reported during 2001-2010, there were a total of 5 882 cases, and 5 cases died. The average annual incidence rate was 221.25/lakh, and average annual mortality rate was 0.16/lakh. In ten years, dysentery, pulmonary tuberculosis and syphilis always ranked in the top five of incidence rate. The disease types and structures showed that the bloodbome diseases and sexually transmitted diseases accounted for 35.02% , which was the highest. [Conclusion] During 2001-2010, the reported incidence rate of class-B infectious diseases in Yuhuatai district decreased generally, the respiratory infectious disease showed a rising trend, and the intestinal infectious disease showed a downward trend. The dysentery, pulmonary tuberculosis and syphilis are the emphasis of infectious diseases control in Yuhuatai district, meanwhile the bloodborne diseases and sexually transmitted

  20. 深圳坪山居民妇女人宫颈HPV感染的流行病学研究%Epidemiological Survey of the Residents of Women with Cervical HPV Infection in Pingshan District of Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗丽丹; 李晓燕; 邱桂清; 李庆; 杨晓红

    2013-01-01

    Objective :In order to investigate the residents of women with cervical HPV infection status in Pingshan district of Shenzhen city ,and provide a theoretical basis for the primary prevention of cervical cancer .Methods:Design:A stratified randomised cluster-sampling investigation .500 cases of Pingshan district local resident women as research subjects ,HPV infection screening and epidemiological survey .Results:500 observation object of HPV infection rate was 12 .2% .16~25 years old ,26~35 years old ,36~45 years old ,46~55 years old ,≥ 55 years old of different ages HPV infection were 8 .0% ,17 .0% ,12 .0% ,15.0% ,9.0% .Normal cervix ,CIN Ⅰ ,CIN Ⅱ ,CIN Ⅲ ,cervical HPV infection detection rate was 6 .39% ,62 .96% ,72 .73% ,80.00% ,100.00% ,HPV detection rate increased with the increase in the degree of cervical lesions (P<0 .005) .Asexual life cycle and sexual life history of women in high-risk HPV infec-tion rate was 4 .48% and 13 .39% ,a statistically significant difference between the two .Conclusion:Local women’s of Pingshan district high-risk HPV infection rate is lower than the average of our country ,HPV detection rate increased with the increase in the degree of cervical lesions ,asexual life cycle of women with high-risk HPV infection than sexual life history of women is significantly lower .%目的:为探查深圳市坪山新区常住居民妇女宫颈 H PV感染现状,为宫颈癌的一级预防提供理论基础数据。方法:采用随机整群抽样选择人群分组技术方法,抽取坪山新区500名本地常住女性居民为研究对象,进行 H PV感染筛查及流行病学问卷调查。结果:500名观察对象H PV总感染率为12.2%。其中16~25岁、26~35岁、36~45岁、46~55岁、≥55岁不同年龄段HPV感染率分别为8.0%,17.0%,12.0%,15.0%,9.0%。正常宫颈、CINⅠ、CINⅡ、CINⅢ、宫颈癌中 HPV感染检出率分别为6.39%、62.96%、72.73%、80.00

  1. Research on Analysis of Landscape Spatial Characteristic of Urban Green Land in Wuhua District of Kunming City%昆明市五华区城市绿地景观空间特征分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜松翠; 魏开云

    2011-01-01

    With the help of 1:20 000 satellite image of Kunming City and its satellite remote sensing image with a resolution ratio 10 m, based on statistic data from Greening Department of Wuhua District and data collected through field study, by making use of landscape ecological theory and methods, the paper had selected three indexes reflecting landscape spatial characteristic including average patch area, landscape fragmentation and landscape connectivity, to analyze landscape spatial characteristic of urban green land. And then it obtained that urban green land of Wuhua District was dominated by small patches, and patches' average area was small; urban green patches were small and fragmented, and landscape fragmentation was high; landscape connectivity was weak and ecological corridor was narrow, failing to bring ecological effect of landscape corridor into full display. Finally, in view of these problems, it had proposed suggestions for optimization, so as to provide reference and theoretical guidance for optimizing and creating excellent landscape spatial characteristic of urban green land in Wuhua District and constructing landscape pattern of ecological security.%借助昆明市1∶20000卫星影像图以及10m分辨率的卫星遥感图像,以五华区绿化主管部门统计的绿化数据和实地调查收集的数据为基础.运用景观生态学原理和方法,选取城市绿地斑块平均面积、景观破碎度、景观连接度3个能够反映景观空间特征的指标参数,对昆明市五华区主城区城市绿地景现空间特征进行分析研究.通过对3个指标结果进行分析,得出五华区主城区城市绿地景观空间特征存在城市绿地以小型斑块为主,斑块平均面积较小;城市绿地斑块小而碎,绿地景观破碎度较大;绿地斑块间景现连接度较弱,生态廊道宽度较窄,不能充分发挥景观廊道的生态效益等问题.最后针对这些问题提出优化的意见和建议,为优化和创造

  2. INVESTIGATION ON EPIDEMIC SITUATION OF SOIL-TRANSMITTED NEMATODE IN LONGMATAN DISTRICT OF LUZHOU CITY%泸州市龙马潭区土源性线虫感染现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常豫红; 雷启云

    2011-01-01

    [目的]了解庐州市龙马潭区土源性线虫流行现状,为制定防治策略和评价防治效果提供科学依据.[方法]按东南西北中5个方位各抽取1个行政村一定数量的家庭为观察对象,采用Kato-Katz法检查粪便中土源性线虫卵;透明胶纸肛拭法查12岁以下儿童蛲虫卵.[结果]粪检602人,总感染率为30.90%.其中:钩虫、蛔虫、鞭虫和蛲虫感染率分别为22.43%、11.30%、0.50%、3.77%.感染2种虫者占12.90%;中重度感染者占12.63%;中老年农民感染率高.[结论]龙马潭区土源性线虫感染率比全国第二次人体重要寄生虫病现状调查结果高57.98%,比四川省第二次肠道蠕虫感染现状调查结果低21.97%,为土源性线虫中度流行区.其中钩虫感染率明显高于全国和四川省调查结果.环境污染严重,不良的生产生活习惯是土源性线虫流行的主要原因.%[Objective] To understand the epidemic situation of soil-transmitted nematode in Longmatan District of Luzhou City, and to provide scientific basis for making the control countermeasures and evaluating the control effect. [Methods] According to the 5 positions (east/south/west/north/center) , collected one administrative village from each position and observed the a certain number of families in every village. Modified Kato-KatZs thick smear and cellophane tape swab techniques were used for detection of the infection of soil-transmitted nematode. [ Results ] 602 persons received stool examination, with a total infection rate of 30.90%. The infection rates of hookworm, roundworm, whipworm, and pinworm were 22.43%, 11.30%, 0.50%, 3.77%. Infected with two kinds of worms accounted for 12.90%; Moderate and severe infections accounted for 12.63%; Middle-aged farmers were at high rates of infection. [ Conclusion] The infection rate of soil-bome nematodes in Longmatan District is higher than the national infection rate of human parasites in the second survey; compared with

  3. Survey on consumption of edible oil and table salt among urban residents in Jianghan District , Wuhan City%武汉市江汉区居民调味品消费与油脂食盐摄入调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓旻; 赵颀涵; 何振宇; 闫俊; 罗琼

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解武汉市江汉区部分居民主要调味品的消费情况,提供江汉区居民主要调味品消耗量的基础数据,为制定切合实际的社区居民控油、控盐等干预策略提供依据.方法 抽取武汉市江汉区部分居民,对调查人群进行询问调查、膳食调查.采用Epidata 3.1软件建立数据库,用SPSS 17.0统计软件进行分析.结果 调味品消费情况称重组192户,询问调查组150户.武汉市江汉区居民烹调用油以调和油为主,其次是植物油,玉米油、芝麻油等;烹调油和食盐每人日摄入量超过《中国居民膳食指南》推量的比例分别为称重组54.7%和48.4%,调查组76.7%和20.0%.结论 武汉市江汉区有较大比例居民烹调油与食盐的消耗量大于中国居民膳食指南中推荐量,应进一步加强营养健康教育宣传.%Objective To understand the consumption of main condiments among urban residents in Jianghan district of Wuhan,and provide evidence for developing strategy to intervene their intake of edible oil and table salt. Methods Local residents in 192 -households in urban Jianghan district were investigated with questionnaire-by face-to-face interview, and all the data were input in the database with Epi - Data version 3. 1 software and analyzed with SPSS versionl7. 0 software. Results Consumption of condiments was surveyed by weighing method for 192 households and by interview method for 150 households. Urban residents surveyed in Jianghan mainly used blend oil for cooking and a few people used vegetable oils for cooking,including com oil, sesame oil,soybean oil,etc. The proportion of edible oil and table salt per person per day more than the recommended amount of the Dietary Guidelines were said reorganization of 54. 7% and 48. 4% , 76. 7% and 20. 0% of the survey group respectively. Conclusions A large proportion of the residents in urban Jianghan district, Wuhan city consumed excessive edibJe oil and table salt than the

  4. Epidemic characteristics of syphilis in Dongling District of Shenyang City from 2006-2010%沈阳市东陵区2006-2010年梅毒流行特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑云亭

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To analyze the incidence and epidemic levels of syphilis in Dongling District of Shenyang City in recent years, to explore its control measures, and provide scientific evidence for syphilis control. [Methods]The descriptive epidemiology was used to analyze the reported data about syphilis in Dongling District from 2006-2010. [Results ] The annul incidence rate of syphilis was 29.46/100 000 from 2006 to 2010 in Dongling district of Shenyang, which showed an overall increasing trend (not including the data of 2010), and there was a significant difference of incidence rate between years (P 0.05); The young adult aged 20-59 years were sensitive to syphilis, accounted for 82.07 %. The patients unemployed, with housework, unknown occupation and farming occupied 85.02% of total cases. [Conclusion] It is necessary to strengthen sanitation propagandizing and health education, to increase people's preventive consciousness, to supervise the high-risk population of syphilis, to do well in screening and testing of syphilis, to standardize diagnosis and treatment of syphilis, to improve the accurate rate and promptness rate of diagnosis and report, and to carry on integrated intervention in order to minimize the high-risk factors of syphilis spread.%目的 分析沈阳市东陵区近年来梅毒发病水平和流行特征,探讨控制对策,为制定梅毒防制规划提供科学依据.方法 利用描述流行病学方法对沈阳市东陵区2006-2010年梅毒疫情报告资料进行分析.结果2006-2010年沈阳市东陵区年均报告发病率为29.46/10万,报告发病率总体呈逐年上升趋势(2010年除外),各年度发病率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);以隐性梅毒和Ⅱ期梅毒为主,占总报告发病数的76.16%;无明显季节高峰;男女性别比为1.07∶1,男性年均报告发病率为30.08/10万,女性年均报告发病率为28.83/10万,男女梅毒年均报告发病率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).发病年龄以20~59

  5. Epidemiological analysis of imported malaria in Hailing District,Taizhou City from 2010 to 2015%2010-2015年泰州市海陵区输入性疟疾流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵扬

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of imported malaria in Hailing District ,Taizhou City,so as to provide the evidence for formulating the effective prevention and control strategy. Methods The network reports, questionnaires and epidemic reports of imported malaria cases in Hailing District from 2010 to 2015 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Results From 2010 to 2015,totally 46 cases of imported malaria were reported,including 40 cases of falci⁃parum malaria(86.96%),4 cases of ovale malaria(8.70%),1 case of quartan malaria(2.17%)and 1 case of multi⁃infection of falciparum malaria and tertian malaria(2.17%). No seasonal trend of time of the disease onset was observed. All the patients were return abroad with clear residence histories in malaria epidemic areas. The average time from disease onset to definite diag⁃nosis was 2 d and 8 patients were definitely diagnosed within 24 h. All the 46 patients were cured. Conclusion All the malaria cases reported were imported cases in Hailing District in the last five years. Effective prevention and control measures are the key to the malaria elimination.%目的:分析泰州市海陵区输入性疟疾病例的流行病学特征,为制定相应防控策略提供参考依据。方法收集2010-2015年海陵区境外输入性疟疾网络直报数据、个案调查表及疫点处置报告资料,进行回顾性调查和分类统计。结果2010-2015年海陵区共报告境外输入性疟疾病例46例,其中恶性疟40例(占86.96%),卵形疟4例(占8.70%),三日疟1例(占2.17%),间日疟、恶性疟混合感染1例(占2.17%)。病例发病时间无季节性趋势。所有病例均为从非洲高疟区回国的人员,有明确的流行区生活史。患者发病到确诊的间隔时间平均为2 d,8例在24 h内确诊,46例病例全部治愈。结论泰州市海陵区近5年来报告的疟疾病例均为境外输入性病例,采取有效防控措施

  6. Microbial monitoring results of 13 kinds of commercially-available foods in a district of Beijing City%北京市某区13类市售食品微生物监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖贵勇; 王佳佳; 安军静; 徐帅; 冯月明; 李洁; 赵建忠

    2013-01-01

    To understand the microbial pollution status of 13 kinds of commercially-available foods in a district of Beijing City.[Methods] Microbiological monitoring was performed on 3 kinds of raw meat and 10 kinds of ready-to-eat foods collected from supermarkets,catering units,farmers markets and community stores in this district.[Results] The monitoring results of raw meat from 2009-2012 showed the detection rate of Salmonella was 5.00%,that of staphylococcus aureus was 15.00%,1.89% of Listeria monocytogenes,9.40% of Vibrio parahaemolyticus.The detection rate of total colonies in ready-to-eat foods was 45.00%,that of Coliform was 13.53%,1.00% of Staphylococcus aureus,0.69% of Listeria monocytogenes,0.14% of Salmonella.[Conclusion]The phenomenon of fresh meat polluted by pathogenic bacteria exists in this district,therefore,it is necessary to strengthen quarantining in raw meat slaughtering and processing,import and export and so on.The coliform group and total colonies pollution is serious in ready-to-eat foods.Salmonella,staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes can be still detected.it is suggested that the relevant supervisory department should strengthen supervision of ready-to-eat foods to reduce the occurrence of food-borne disease risk.%目的 了解北京市某区13类市售食品微生物的污染情况.方法 对该区内超市、餐饮单位、农贸市场和社区商店采集的3类生鲜食品和10类直接入口食品进行微生物监测.按照国家和地方标准,判定监测结果.结果 2009-2012年监测生鲜肉类,沙门菌检出率为5.00%,金黄色葡萄球菌检出率为15.00%,单增李斯特菌检出率为1.89%,副溶血性弧菌为9.40%.直接入口食品中菌落总数检出率为45.00%,大肠菌群检出率为13.53%,金黄色葡萄球菌检出率为1.00%,单增李斯特菌检出率为0.69%,沙门菌检出率为0.14%.结论 该区生鲜肉存在被致病菌污染的问题,需要加强对生鲜制品

  7. Analysis of the retrofit design of the rain sewage diversion in Huangpu District, Guangzhou City%试析广州市黄埔区雨污分流改造设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘昌苗

    2015-01-01

    With environmental condition getting worse of our country , environment protection and water resources protection work attracted great attention of Guangzhou government , especially the current complex drainage situation of Guangzhou is unsuitable for drainage system redesign and reconstruction .Municipal drainage pipeline construction can not adapt to the current community construction and development speed, leading to the old pipes mixing situation is very serious , the drainage area alternations between confluence system , distribution sys-tem, drainage system is very complicated .This paper mainly analyzes design ideas and design innovation of rain sewage diversion transfor -mation project at Shihua Road in the west area of Huangpu District of Guangzhou City .%随着我国环境质量的不断下降,环境保护和水资源保护工作引起了广州市政府的高度重视,尤其是当前复杂的广州市排水现状十分不利于当前排水系统的重新设计与改造。市政排水管道建设不能适应当前小区建设发展速度,导致老城区管道混接情况十分严重,各排水分区内合流制、分流制交替存在、排水系统错综复杂。本文主要解析广州市广州市黄埔区石化路以西片区雨污分流改造工程的设计思路及设计创新点。

  8. 温岭市东部新区北片污水处理厂工程设计方案%Engineering Design Proposal of Beipian Wastewater Treatment Plant in Eastern New District of Wenling City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵胤

    2014-01-01

    The East Wenling Industrial Agglomeration Development & Construction Co. ,Ltd. started a wastewater treatment project north in eastern new district of Wenling City,named the Beipian Wastewater Treatment Plant. The plant has a treatment capacity of 10 000 m3/d. A/A/O process with influent distribution,compact layout,suction mixer with aeration and micro flocculation with filtration for tertiary treatment were applied in the plant. The effluent disinfected by chlorination reaches standard of GB 18918-2002 Class I A,and part of the effluent is reused in watering plants and roads. The treatment process and design parameters of this plant were introduced. The issues of importance in the designing work and the characteristics of this project were analyzed.%在温岭市东部产业集聚区的北片建成了温岭市东部新区污水处理工程-北片污水处理厂,近期处理规模为1万m3/d。采用多点进水A/A/O工艺,集约化布置,曝气采用抽吸式曝气搅拌一体机,深度处理采用微絮凝+无阀滤池,尾水经加氯消毒后达到GB 18918-2002一级A排放标准后外排,部分回用于新区。该文介绍了该厂的处理工艺和设计参数,并对工程设计中需要考虑的问题进行了分析,总结了工程特点。

  9. Survey Report of Free Artificial Insemination to Cows in Ganzhou District of Zhangye City%张掖市甘州区能繁母牛零费用配种情况实地调查报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田春花; 郝鹏

    2011-01-01

    [目的]为调查落实张掖市基础母牛养殖户补贴政策过程中存在的问题。[方法]张掖市畜牧管理人员随机入乡镇配种站,母牛养殖户,对甘州区基础母牛养殖户补贴政策落实情况进行走访调查,并对调查结果进行了统计、分析。[结果]表明:"零费用配种"政策对养殖户起到了积极作用,但同时存在政策资金不及时到位,会影响养牛生产的矛盾。[结论]"零费用配种"是项补助措施,对稳定母牛养殖有意义,但需进一步完善。%【Objective】 To investigate the existed problems during the implement of subsidy policies for the farmers raising basic cows in Zhangye city.【Method】 Animal Husbandry administrative staff randomly got to the breeding station of townships and farmers raising cows to survey the implement of subsidy policies in Ganzhou district,then statistically analyzed the research result.【Results】The results showed that the free artificial insemination breeding policy to cows had a positive effect to the farmers.At the same time,there still existed the policy fund did not reach in time,which would influence the cattle raising production.【Conclusion】Free artificial insemination to cow was a subsidy measure,which was meaningful for the cow steadily raising,but it needed to be further improved.

  10. 广州市海珠区青少年健康危险行为调查%Investigation on Health Risk Behaviors of Adolescents in Haizhu District of Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭宁晓; 潘国新; 丘春萍; 梁佳志

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective] To understand the current status about risk behaviors Of adolescents in Haizhu District of Guangzhou City.[ Methods] Based on multistage sampling method,801 students from middle schools and universities in Haizhu District were selected and surveyed by questionnaire of Guangzhou City Youth Health Risk Behaviors. [ Results ] It was found that rate of risk behaviors were reported as the following: eating at street vendor (33.21% ), western fast-food (21.60% ), sweet kinds of food ( 16.35% ),food preference ( 29.59% ); weight loss ( 61.92% ), including reducing weight by exercise ( 51.44% ), by diet ( 27.34% ); lower exercise rate of college students weekly (8.60% ~ 20.79% ); high reporting rates of internet (89.25 % ), followed by sports activities ( 32.95% ~ 63.33% ) and extra learning ( 75.10% ~ 81.56% ) among high school students; rate of violating traffic rules when riding bicycles ( 15.05 % ), swimming at unsafe places in past 1 year ( 7.62% ), thoughts of away from home ( 24.71% ) , suicide ideation( 7.74% ), respectively; learn pressure ( 13.23% ), fights (21.47%), no security guarantee ( 12.86% ) in teenagers;smoking-attempting (22.97% ) , recent drinking (28.96%); ever drugs usage(6.74% ) and sedative and hypnotic drugs usage ( 5.87% ); marginal sexual behavior and sexual behavior in high school students and college students of 34.10% ,55.20% ;4. 60%,5.02% respectively. Significant differences of various sorts of health risk behaviors existed between students with different genders and learning stages. [ Conclusion ] Health risk behaviors of adolescents can not be ignored in Haizhou District of Guangzhou City. It is necessary to adopt integrated managements to prevent and reduce its occurrence.%目的 了解广州市海珠区青少年健康危险行为现状.方法 采用分层整群抽样的方法,随机抽取该区大、中学在校学生801名,采用广州市青少年健康危险

  11. 广州市荔湾区2006年登革热疫情流行病学特征分析%The epidemiological characteristics of Dengue fever in Liwan district of Guangzhou city in 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽莉; 范健文; 余毅; 杨翠辉; 曾祥越

    2008-01-01

    目的 分析广州市荔湾区2006年登革热疫情流行病学特征,探讨预防控制措施.方法 对各医院报告的病例进行流行病学个案调查;采集病例血样作血清学或病原学检测;对疫点进行蚊媒调查,在疫点周围开展病例搜索.共接报350例病例(包括疑似病例),采集336份血标本进行血清学检测,检出登革热IgM和(或)IgG阳性296份,其中12例分离到登革热病毒;共对176个疫点进行处理.结果 广州市荔湾区2006年共报告登革热病例310例,发病率为43.66/10万(按户籍人口计算),无死亡病例;疫情涉及20个行政街,有4个暴发点;流行季节为7月上旬至11月中旬,高峰在8月下旬和9月上旬;病毒为登革Ⅰ型;男性177例,女性133例,性别比1.33∶1;发病年龄最大为78岁,最小为3岁,以青壮年为主,20~39岁136例,占43.87%.结论 该区存在有利登革热流行的自然、社会因素,预防控制是一项长期、复杂的工作,今后要加强疫情预测预报,加快老城区和城中村的改造.%Objective To study the epidemiological characteristics of Dengue fever in Liwan district of Guangzhou city in 2006 and explore the prevention and control strategy.Methods A case-study was conducted based on patients notified by hospitals.The serum samples were collected from the reported cases for the detection of anti-dengue virus antibodies and dengue virus.The mosquito vector at epidemic spot was investigated and cases were further identified at the epidemic spots.A total of 350 cases were reported (including suspected cases),and 336 blood samples were collected for serum testing.The detection of dengue IgM and(or)IgG was 296.Of which,dengue virus Was isolated in 12 cases,and preventive measures have been taken at 176 epidemic spots.Results There was 310 cases of dengue fever in Liwan district of Guangzhou city in 2006.The incidence rate was 4.366 per ten thousand(according to the census register population)and no death toll

  12. Analyses on species composition and community structure of “Fengshui woods” in Luogang District in Guangzhou City%广州市萝岗区风水林植物组成及群落结构分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易绮斐; 王发国; 刘东明; 陈红锋; 邢福武

    2012-01-01

    通过野外实地调查,对广州市萝岗区风水林的植物组成及群落结构进行了分析.结果表明:萝岗区单个风水林面积为40 ~600 hm2,共有维管植物112科255属387种;其中,蕨类植物15科21属35种,裸子植物1科1属2种,被子植物96科233属350种;草本和乔木种类较多,分别有122和111种;灌木和藤本种类较少,分别有84和70种;其中,包含国家级珍稀保护植物5种和一些需要关注的种类,以及林下凤尾蕨(Pteris grevilleana Wall.ex Agardh)和虎克鳞盖蕨[Microlepia hookeriana (Wall.) Presl]2种广州市新记录种.优势科较明显,包含茜草科(Rubiaceae)、菊科(Compositae)、大戟科(Euphorbiaceae)、禾本科(Poaceae)、蝶形花科(Papilionaceae)、樟科( Lauraceae)等;虽然寡属科和寡种科所占比例较大,但包含种数较少;寡种属所占比例较大,占总属数的90.59%.植被类型属于南亚热带季风常绿阔叶林,以南亚热带常绿树种为主,可分为乔木层、灌木层和草本层,层间有丰富的藤本植物;作为群落的主体结构,木本植物较草本植物有优势.群落优势建群种主要为樟科、大戟科、壳斗科(Fagaceae)、山茶科(Theaceae)、胡桃科(Juglandaceae)和苏木科(Caesalpiniaceae)等科的种类,依据优势种不同可划分为13个群系.根据调查结果,对广州市萝岗区风水林的保护和资源利用提出了建议.%The species composition and community structure of "Fengshui woods" in Luogang District in Guangzhou City were analyzed by field investigation. The results show that area of a "Fengshui woods" in Luogang District in Guangzhou City is 40-600 hm2 and there are 387 species of vascular plants belonging to 255 genera in 112 families. In which, there are 35 species of pteridophyte belonging to 21 genera in 15 families, 2 species of gymnosperm belonging to 1 genus in 1 family and 350 species of angiosperm belonging to 233 genera in 96 families. And among these species, herbs

  13. D’un corps de classe à un corps de genre

    OpenAIRE

    Geers, Alexie

    2015-01-01

    En mars 1937, lorsque le premier numéro de Marie-Claire paraît, l’imagerie du corps féminin proposée aux lectrices issues des milieux populaires tranche avec celle des revues antérieures. Les corps féminins sont apprêtés et soignés pour séduire et remplacent les corps hiératiques utilisés pour présenter une mode synonyme d’apparence de classe. Cette étude revient sur cette mutation et montre que le répertoire visuel mobilisé est emprunté à celui de la star féminine construit par les revues de...

  14. Activity-based costing and Marine Corps Formal Schools budgeting

    OpenAIRE

    Pratt, George E.

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate the current practice for budget estimation and resource allocation in Marine Corps Formal Schools for potential improvement. The methodology used devises a budgeting system that reflects variation in activity level, or output requirements, and how costs change when student throughput changes. While the evaluation is relevant to Marine Corps Formal Schools in general, the research focused on an approach taken by the Marine Corps Engineer School for the...

  15. Diversity training in the United States Marine Corps

    OpenAIRE

    Habel, Gregg T

    1997-01-01

    In recent years, the Marine Corps has become a very racially, ethnically, religiously, and gender diverse organization, and demographic trends indicate that this diversity will become even more pronounced in the future. Such diversity can have a strong, positive influence on productivity. This thesis examines problems the Marine Corps has had in accepting diversity within its ranks, analyses the Marine Corps' plans for addressing diversity issues now and in the future, and evaluates several c...

  16. poverty and poverty alleviation in globalised cities

    OpenAIRE

    Verena Ast

    2014-01-01

    In the light of increasing "division of the cities" and its underlying process of socio-spatial segregation researches focus more and more on the consequences of this process: the development of advantaged and disadvantaged districts within contemporary cities. Thereby especially poverty alleviation respectively poverty eradication in disadvantaged districts becomes an emerging and central field of intervention in social policies. This is due to the broad impact of poverty like higher risk of...

  17. CEBUANO PARA SA MGA PEACE CORPS VOLUNTEERS. (CEBUANO FOR THE PEACE CORPS VOLUNTEERS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    BAURA, BETTY; AND OTHERS

    THE BASIC VOCABULARY AND STRUCTURE OF CEBUANO VISAYAN ARE PRESENTED HERE THROUGH TWENTY-TWO SHORT DIALOGUES AND ACCOMPANYING PATTERN DRILLS AND CULTURAL NOTES. THE DIALOGUES ARE BASED ON EVERYDAY SITUATIONS AND COMMON USAGE THAT THE PEACE CORPS VOLUNTEER ENCOUNTERS IN THIS AREA OF THE PHILIPPINES. INTRODUCTORY PAGES PRESENT THE STUDENT WITH THE…

  18. Corps de la Paix Tunisie: Cours de situation (Peace Corps Tunisia: Situation Course).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peace Corps (Tunisia).

    This guide, entirely in French, is designed for language training of Peace Corps workers in Tunisia and reflects daily communication needs in that context. It consists of 25 theme-based lessons, each containing a situational dialogue, vocabulary, and exercises. The exercises focus more on new vocabulary and its usage than on systematic grammar…

  19. Building Public Confidence in Urban Schools: It Begins inside the District. A Guide for Administrators and Board Members. A Public Relations Executives Network Project of the Council of the Great City Schools, 2009-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council of the Great City Schools, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Effective organizational communication begins with employees, who should be communications ambassadors for a district. From administrators to teachers to school bus drivers to custodians, employees set the tone for a district. The informal conversations they have at church, the bowling alley, the barbershop and other venues can make or break the…

  20. Integration of urban and rural overall planning of land use strategy research-- a city Litong District as an example%城乡结合部土地利用总体规划编制策略研究——以吴忠市利通区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张薇; 周茂; 李农

    2012-01-01

    以吴忠市利通区为例,分析了作为城区、农村过渡带的城乡结合部土地利用的现状特点和存在的问题,结合新一轮土地利用总体规划编制,提出了符合利通区发展实际和编制要求的应对策略.%with city Litong District as an example, analyzed as urban, rural transition zone of the urban fringe land use present situation characteristics and existing problems, combining with the new round land use planning, put forward to accord with the actual requirement and revision of Litong District development strategy.

  1. Investigation and analysis on epidemiological status of female malignant tumors in Zhanggong district of Ganzhou city and Shanggao county%赣州市章贡区和上高县女性恶性肿瘤流行情况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘杰; 朱丽萍; 杨旭丽; 李艾; 吉路; 赵军

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解赣州市章贡区和上高县女性恶性肿瘤发病情况,为当地恶性肿瘤防治提供参考.方法:分析赣州市章贡区和上高县2009年女性恶性肿瘤发病报告数据,计算主要肿瘤的发病率、顺位、累积率和截缩率等指标.结果:2009年赣州市章贡区女性居民恶性肿瘤报告粗发病率为157.72/10万,35~64岁女性截缩率为236.68/10万;上高县女性恶性肿瘤粗发病率为116.58/10万,35 ~64岁女性截缩率为150.21/10万;赣州市章贡区女性恶性肿瘤发病率高于上高县(P<0.05);乳腺癌、肺癌是赣州市章贡区和上高县女性发病率前两位的恶性肿瘤.结论:乳腺癌、肺癌及消化系统恶性肿瘤应成为赣州市章贡区和上高县女性居民恶性肿瘤防治的重点.%Objective: To understand the prevalences of female malignant tumors in Zhanggong district of Ganzhou city and Shanggao county, and provide reference for preventing and treating malignant tumors. Methods: The data reported of female malignant tumors in Zhanggong district of Ganzhou city and Shanggao county were analyzed, the morbidities, ranks, accumulative rates, and truncated incidence rates of major tumors were calculated. Results: The crude incidence rate of malignant tumors among female residents in Zhanggong district of Ganzhou city in 2009 was 157. 72/100 000, the truncated incidence rate among 35 - 64 - year old women was 236. 68/100 000; the crude incidence rate of malignant tumors among female residents in Shanggao county was 116. 58/100 000, the truncated incidence rate among 35 -64 -year old women was 150. 21/100 000; the incidence rate of female malignant tumors in Zhanggong district of Ganzhou city was statistically significantly higher than that in Shanggao county (P <0. 05) ; breast cancer and lung cancer were the two two malignant tumors among women in Zhanggong district of Ganzhou city and Shanggao county. Conclusion: Breast cancer, lung cancer, and malignant

  2. 深圳市宝安区2000~2009年孕产妇死亡特征分析%Analysis the characteristics of maternal mortality in Bao'an District of Shenzhen City from 2000 to 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温瑞英; 王维; 黄洁; 李建梅; 王尊; 黄跃华; 叶彩云

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析深圳市宝安区2000~2009年孕产妇死亡的控制效果及特征,为进一步降低孕产妇死亡率提供决策依据.方法 对深圳市宝安区2000~2009年的148例死亡孕产妇监测资料进行回顾性调查,应用SPSS 13.0软件进行统计,分析孕产妇死亡率及相关特征的变化.结果 2000~2009年宝安区共有148例孕产妇死亡,其中流动人口133例(占89.86%).孕产妇死亡率从2000年的133.26/10万下降到2009年的29.16/10万,10年平均死亡率为42.22/10万(其中,流动人口49.57/10万);10年间全人口及流动人口死亡率的变化差异均有统计学意义(x2=49.22,P<0.01;x2=69.20,P<0.01).与前5年相比,后5年孕产妇死因中妊娠期高血压性疾病(7.23%vs 12.31%)、妊娠合并外科性疾病(1.20%vs 7.69%)、肿瘤性疾病(0.00%vs4.61%)、产褥感染(1.20%vs 4.61%)有明显上升趋势;而产科出血(33.74%vs 27.69%)、羊水栓塞(26.51%vs 23.08%)、妊娠合并内科疾病(20.48%vs 9.23%)有所下降.结论 宝安区孕产妇死亡率得到了有效控制,与外来流动人口孕产妇死亡率大幅下降有着密切关系.继续深入开展"降消"项目、加强流动人群孕产妇的管理,仍是宝安区今后妇幼保健工作的重要任务.%Objective To analyze the control outcome and the characteristics of maternal mortality in Bao' an District of Shenzhen City from 2000 to 2009 and to provide evidence of reducing maternal mortality.Methods 148 materhal mortality cases from surveillance data dating from 2000 to 2009 were analyzed by the software SPSS 13.0 finding out the changes of maternal mortality and its characteristics.Results Among 148 cases of maternal mortality in Bao' an District from 2000 to 2009, 133 cases were from the immigrant population ( 89.86% ).Maternal mortality rate dropped from 133.26/100 000 in 2000 to 29.16/100 000 in 2009, the average of maternal mortality was 42.22/100 000 for the whole population and 49.57/100 000 for the immigrant

  3. 长安区中学生吸烟现状及影响因素分析%Smoking and its influential factors of among middle school students in Chang'an district,Xi'an city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱妮; 王学良; 朱宏亮; 丛斌; 刘南

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解陕西省西安市长安区中学生吸烟情况及影响因素.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法抽取长安区6所中学的1273名学生,对其进行问卷调查.结果 长安区中学生总吸烟率为16.73%,男生吸烟率为30.88%,女生为1.93%,性别比较差异有统计学意义(χ2=191.29,P<0.01);45.32%的学生开始吸烟的原因是由于受朋友、家庭、同学影响;70.43%在郁闷时选择吸烟;初、高中学生对吸烟行为持反对态度的比例均为80%左右;Logistic回归分析结果表明,男生、认为吸烟是享受是吸烟行为发生的危险因素,而认为吸烟是一种不良习惯观点则对中学生控烟起保护作用.结论 学生控烟应从自身、学校、家庭等多方面采取综合干预措施,应以学生对吸烟的态度及危害认识为重点进行教育.%Objective To explore the status and risk factors of smoking among middle school students in Chang'an district of Xi'an city. Methods By stratified cluster sampling, 1 299 middle school students from 6 middle schools in Chang'an district were chosen and surveyed with a questionnaire. Results The total smoking rate was 16. 7% (30. 88% in the boys,1.93% in the girls) with a statistical difference in gender( x2 = 191.29,P <0. 01 ). There were 45.32% of the respondents reporting an attempt to smoke because of the influence of their friends,family and classmates,and 70. 43% reporting smoking when being depressed. The ratio of the respondents with negative attitude toward smoking behavior was 80%. Logistic regression showed that male, regarding smoking as an enjoyment were the risk factors of smoking, whereas regarding smoking as a bad habit could prevent the students from smoking. Conclusion Comprehensive smoking intervention program should be carried out in class, family and school, and the attitude toward smoking and the hazard of smoking are key points in health education.

  4. 佛山市南海区制鞋业工人职业健康状况调查%Investigation of occupation health of shoemaking workers in Nanhai District of Foshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董勤

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解佛山市南海区内制鞋业工人职业健康状况,为加强职业卫生工作制定方案提供依据.方法 通过统计分析企业工人职业健康检查中血常规检测结果,结合作业场所中“三苯”浓度监测结果,评估对工人健康危害情况.结果 接触组血常规异常率为5.48%明显高于非接触组的2.67%.接触组中女性血常规异常率为6.75%,高于男性的3.66%;不同工种中掹鞋、落底工人血常规异常率分别为7.84%、7.06%,高于接面的3.69%和成型流水线的3.68%,掹鞋、落底车间苯浓度超标率也较高.结论 南海区制鞋企业仍需进一步降低苯的使用率,加强工人尤其是女性的卫生防护和健康监护.%[Objective]To investigate the occupation health of shoemaking workers in Nanhai District of Foshan City, and provide evidence for strengthening the occupation health work with plan. [Methods] Through the statistical analysis of enterprise workers' occupation health examination results (routine blood test results) combined with the workplace concentration monitoring results of benzene, toluene , xylene, the workers'health risks were evaluated. [Results] The Mood routine test abnormal rate of exposure group was 5.48% significantly higher than that of non contact group 2.67% , that of female workers in exposure group was 6.75% higher than the male 3.66% ; among different types of works, the blood abnormal rates of workers engaged in shoe-covering and bottom-fixing were 7.84% and 7.06% , higher than that of workers engaged in vamp- jointing 3. 69% and molding line 3.68%. The benzene concentrations in shoe-covering and bottom-fixing workshop exceeded the standard seriously. [Conclusion]Shoemaking enterprises in Nanhai District need to further reduce the use of benzene, and strengthen health protection and health care for workers , especially for women.

  5. 北京市 M 区成年人慢性病现状调查%Analysis of Morbidity and Risk Factors of Chronic Disease in M District,Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊维芝; 宋丽君; 周桂荣; 叶纯; 王晓波; 杨立新; 王俊仪; 庄国良; 吴妮娜

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查北京市 M 区成年人的慢性病患病情况,分析主要慢性病的特征,探讨慢性病的防范策略.方法采用多阶段分层随机整群抽样调查 M 区9个乡镇4个街道的3602例19~79岁成年人,调查内容包括调查问卷、血生化检测和体格测量.结果成人高血压和血脂异常的标化后患病率分别达到29.2%和22.91%;骨关节病和糖尿病的标化后患病率分别达到14.74%和10.3%.城乡居民的高血压、血脂异常、糖尿病、冠心病和恶性肿瘤的患病率均没有显著性差异.超重和肥胖组的居民分别占调查人口的37.13%和16.56%,肥胖组的高血压、血脂异常、骨关节病和糖尿病的患病率分别达到54.77%、41.34%、22.44%和20.85%.结论高血压、糖尿病、血脂异常和肥胖等慢性病仍是 M 区疾控预防控制工作的重点,男性和肥胖人群是主要慢性病的重点发病人群,需要同等重视城市和农村居民的慢病风险干预和控制.%Objectives To investigate and analyze the prevalence of chronic diseases among adults in M District of Beijing city,and to put forward prevention strategies.Methods Totally 3 602 adults aged 18 to 79 were randomly selected with stratified multi-stage cluster sampling method in 9 towns and 4 street of M District.The questionnaire interview,physical examination and laboratory tests were carried out to collect data.Results The standardized mor-bidity rate of hypertension,dyslipidemia,osteoarthrosis and diabetes were 29.2%,22.91%,14.74% and 10.3%, respectively.There were no significant difference between urban and rural adults in the prevalence rate of hyperten-sion,dyslipidemia,diabetes,coronary heart disease and cancer.Overweight and obese group adults accounted for 37.13% and 1 6.56% of the population surveyed respectively.The morbidity rate of hypertension,dyslipidemia,os-teoarthrosis and diabetes of obese group reached 54

  6. Investigation on Electromagnetic Radiation Cognition among Residents of Baoshan District of Shanghai City%上海市宝山区居民电磁辐射认知情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘武忠; 周志俊; 胡晓晴; 秦景香; 石晓炎

    2011-01-01

    目的 调查上海市宝山区居民对电磁辐射的认知现状.方法 对160户居民采用问卷的形式进行调查.结果 42.3%的居民能够正确选出电磁辐射定义;不同学历居民对电磁辐射、电磁辐射准确定义及是否有害健康等问题了解情况差异有统计学意义,知晓率有随学历升高呈递增的趋势.媒体和书籍是居民获知电磁辐射知识的主要途径.38.2%居民偶尔或经常因担心环境中电磁辐射对的危害而失眠.住宅周围有变电站、高压输电线经过的居民经常出现头痛、头昏、失眠、记忆力减退、疲乏无力的比例与无变电站、高压输电线经过的居民相比,具有显著差异.结论 目前宝山区居民对电磁辐射认识不足,建议加强相关宣传教育工作.%[ Objective] To investigate the knowledge level of residents on electromagnetic radiation in Baoshan District of Shanghai City . [ Methods] Questionnaire survey was performed on 160 families. [ Results]42.3% of the respondents can select correct definition of electromagnetic radiation. Significant differences can be observed in awareness rates between residents with different education levels on electromagnetic radiation and its correct definition, and questions such as whether electromagnetic radiation was harmful to health; besides, there was an increasing tendency of awareness rate as education level rising. Media and books are main means by which residents get to know about electromagnetic radiation. 38.2% of respondents sometimes or often suffered from insomnia for worrying about hazards of environmental electromagnetic radiation. The percentage of residents suffering from frequent headaches,dizziness, insomnia, memory loss and fatigue who hved with substation or high voltage lines nearby was significantly different from that of those lived far from substation or high voltage lines. [ Conclusion ] The knowledge level on electromagnetic radiation among residents in Baoshan

  7. Prevalence of Fatty Liver among Public Security Staff in Huairou District of Beijing City%北京市怀柔区公安系统职工脂肪肝患病情况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红梅; 毛玉梅; 刘金霞

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the prevalence of fatty liver and its causes among public security staff in Huairou District of Beijing City, and provide evidence for fatty liver intervention, rational control and reduction of complications induced by fatty liver.[Methods]Under strict quality control, a physical examination on the male workers of public security system was conducted between March and June in 2010 in Hurairou District with Cluster random sampling method.The results were statistically analyzed.[Results]Theprevalence rate of fatty liver was 49%; the detection rate of abnormal blood lipid was 57.4%; the prevalence rate of fatty liver among patients with abnormal blood lipids was 62.1%; the prevalence rate of overweight and obesity was 67.3%; the prevalence rates of fatty liver among patients with overweight or obesity were both 65.99%; the prevalence of fatty liver among patients with hyperglycemia was 80.8%.[Conclusion]The occurrence of fatty liver is closely related with age, and its prevalence increases with age.The overweight and obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, irregular diet, lack of exercise and poor awareness of self-management are the risk factors of fatty liver.%目的:了解北京市怀柔区公安系统在职职工脂肪肝患病情况及脂肪肝的发病病因,为实施脂肪肝干预,合理的防治,降低由脂肪肝引起并发症的发生率提供依据.方法:采取整群随机抽样方法,在严格的质量控制下,于2010年3-6月对怀柔区公安系统在职男性职工进行健康检查,并进行统计学分析.结果:脂肪肝患病率为49%;血脂异常检出率57.4%,血脂异常者脂肪肝患病率为62.1%,超重肥胖患病率为67.3%,超重肥胖者患脂肪肝均为65.99%.高血糖患脂肪肝的为80.8%.结论:脂肪肝的发生与年龄有关,随着年龄的增长患病率增高.脂肪肝的主要危险因素是超重肥胖、血脂异常、高血糖、饮食不规律,缺乏体育锻炼,自我管理意识差.

  8. Occupational Health Status of Printing Enterprises in Jianggan District of Hangzhou City%杭州市江干区印刷企业职业卫生现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚利颖; 王伟琴; 张丽

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the occupational health status of printing enterprises in Jianggan District of Hangzhou City. [ Methods] Data of occupational hazards monitoring and health surveillance of workers exposed to the poisonous material were collected from China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention (CISDCP) for investigation of occupational health status of printing enterprises in Jianggan District. [ Results ] The qualified rates of the samples in ascending order were: noise (70.5% ) , benzene (98.5% ) , toluene (98.5% ), xylene (100.0% ). The missing rate of gasoline, noise and benzene compounds were 22.5% , 20.0% and 17.1% , respectively which were higher in occupational health examination. The abnormal detection rates of noise and benzene compounds were 13.2% and 8.1% which were also higher in examination. The training rates of occupational related knowledge were 60.1% of noise, and 72.9% of benzene compounds which were lower in training. [ Conclusion]The primary occupational hazards in printing enterprises are noise and benzene compounds. The key of occupational health management is strengthening hazard control and occupational health surveillance in this industry. Meanwhile, it is necessary to intensify occupational education and training in order to protect workers from noise and benzene compounds.%目的 了解杭州市江干区印刷企业职业卫生现状.方法 收集2010年中国疾病预防控制信息系统网络直报职业病危害因素检测数据和有毒有害工人健康监护数据,对江干区印刷企业职业卫生现状进行调查分析.结果 职业病危害因素作业点检测合格率较低的依次为噪声(70.5%)、苯系化合物(苯98.5%、甲苯98.5%、二甲苯100.00%);劳动者职业健康漏检率较高的依次为汽油(22.5%)、噪声(20.0%)、苯系化合物(17.1%);体检异常率较高的依次为噪声(13.2%)、苯系化合物(8.1%);职业卫生培训率较低的依次为噪声(60.1%)

  9. Monitoring and analysis of food contaminations in Haizhu district of Guangzhou city%广州市海珠区市食品污染物监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘馨桦; 郭宁晓; 宋叶

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解广州市海珠区市售食品污染物现况,为制订有效防控措施提供科学依据.方法 抽取海珠区各类超市、农贸市场各类食品进行化学污染物和食源性致病菌监测.结果 共监测样品418份,合格率72.97%.不合格食品主要是猪内脏、水产品、水发食品或保鲜食品、凉拌菜、蔬菜、烧烤熟肉.镉、甲醛、亚硝酸盐、山梨酸、二氧化硫仍然是食品污染的主要指标,镉超标率为3.90%,甲醛超标率为30.14%;副溶血弧菌、沙门氏菌在水产品和畜肉中检出,检出率为3.81%,73.08%的熟肉制品和凉拌菜大肠菌群超标.结论 广州市海珠区市售食品污染相对较轻,但仍存在重金属、食品添加剂、食源性致病菌等污染因素,应采取有效措施,提高食品安全性.%Objective To understand the status of market food contaminations in Haizhu district of Guangzhou and provide scientific basis for making effective control and prevention measures. Method Randomly selected different kinds of market food from supermarkets and farm product markets and carried on food - borne pathogens and chemical contaminations test Results 418 food samples were tested and the eligibility rate was 72.97%. The unqualified foods were pig entrails, a-quatic product, water-soaked food, frozen food, cold dishes, vegetables and cooked meat. The major pollution indicators were Cadmium, Formaldehyde, Nitrite, Sorbic acid and Sulfur dioxide. The over- standard ratio of cadmium was 3.90% , Formaldehyde was 30.14%. Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Salmonella were detected from aquatic product and meat ( detection rate was 3.81 % ) . Bacteria was  over standard in 73.08% of cooked food and cold dishes. Conclusions The food contamination in Haizhu district of Guangzhou city is relatively light, but still exists contaminants such as metal contamination, food additives and food - borne pathogens, so effective measures should be taken to reduce the

  10. 重庆市南岸区2010年土源性线虫感染现状调查研究%Soil-transmitted nematode infections in the Nan an District of Chongqing city, 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁红; 陶杨; 方勇

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the distribution of soil-transmitted nematode infections in Nan-an District and provide scientific evidence for prevention and remedial measures. Methods A stratified sampling method was applied to select target towns and residential districts according to the geographic features and economic condition. Villages were selected by random cluster sampling. The modified Kato-Katz method of thick smear was applied to detect nematode eggs. Enterobius vermicularis eggs were collected by scrubbing sticky tapes around the anus of children. Results Four detected species of geohelminthes were identified as Ascaris lumbricoides, Pinwornl, Trichuris trichiura and Hookworm,which had the infection rate of 0. 48%, 1.90%, 0. 10% and 16. 36%, respectively. The rate of parasite infestation was 17. 13% on average, with the lowest infection rate in Haitangxi (2. 37%), and the highest in Changshengqiao (28. 80%). The infection rate of soil-transmitted nematode was significantly higher in rural area than that in city. The highest risk people were farmers (26.08%) and residents without education (25.99%). Conclusion Efficient education program needs to be developed to prevent the high risk people from soil-transmitted nematode infections.%目的 分析重庆市南岸区人群土源性线虫感染的分布现状,为制定防治对策提供依据.方法 按照规定的方法 和要求进行.根据地理位置和经济条件两特征分层抽样到乡镇、街道,再随机整群抽样到村,抽到的村为调查点;用改良藤涂片法(Kato-Kolz厚涂片法)检查粪便标本中各种虫卵,另外用透明胶纸肛拭法查蛲虫卵.用SAS8.2版统计分析软件,进行x2检验,α=0.05.结果共调查2 066人,查出4种土源性线虫,蛔虫、蛲虫、鞭虫,钩虫的感染率分别为0.48%、1.90%、0.10%、16.36%,人群土源性线虫总感染率为17.13%,海棠溪街道土源性线虫感染率(2.37%)最低,长生桥镇土源性线虫感染率(28

  11. Surveillance on Urinary Iodine of 802 Samples from Focus Groups in Pinggu District of Beijing City%北京市平谷区802份重点人群尿碘监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常秀兰; 陈金华

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To understand the urinary iodine levels of school-age children, women of childbearing age, pregnant women in Pinggu District of Beijing City, and provide scientific evidence for control of iodine deficiency disorders among focus groups.[Methods]Totally 397 school age children of 8 ~ 10 years old, 205 women of childbearing age, and 200 pregnant women were enrolled in the survey, whose urinary iodine levels was tested by urinary arsenic iodine Ce catalytic spectrophotometry. [ Results ] In school age children, the median of urinary iodine was 295.5 μg/L with 93.20% of them urinary iodine > 100 μg/L, 49.12% of them urinary iodine >300 μg/L, and 3.78% of them urinary iodine <50 μg/L. In women of childbearing age, the median of urinary iodine was 438.0 μg/L with 98.05% of them urinary iodine > 100 μg/L, 82.44% of them urinary iodine > 300 μg/L, and none of them urinary iodine < 50 μg/L. In pregnant women, the median of urinary iodine was 392.3 μg/L with 98.50% of them urinary iodine >100 μg/L, 64.00% of them urinary iodine >300 μg/L, and none of them urinary iodine <50 μg/L. [Conclusion ] Iodine intake in focus population of Pinggu District is at a high level, iodine nourishment is a little higher than ideal level.%目的:了解北京市平谷区学龄儿童、育龄妇女、孕妇的尿碘水平,为重点人群碘缺乏病防治工作提供科学依据.方法:分别抽取8-10岁学龄儿童397名、育龄妇女205名和孕妇200名,采用尿碘砷铈催化分光光度测定方法进行尿碘检测.结果:学龄儿童的尿碘中位数为295.5 μg/L,尿碘>100μg/L的比例占93.20%,尿碘>300μg/L的比例占49.12%,尿碘100μg/L的比例占98.05%,尿碘>300μg/L的比例占82.44%,尿碘100 μg/L的比例占98.50%,尿碘>300 μg/L的比例占64.00%,尿碘<50 μg/L为0.结论:平谷区重点人群碘摄入量处于较高水平,碘营养状况稍高于适宜水平.

  12. Quality of Food Hygiene in Nancahng District of Wuxi City during 2006-2010%无锡市南长区2006-2010年食品卫生质量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷俊

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the quality of food hygiene in Nangchang District of Wuxi City during 2006 -2010, to identify the existed problem immediately, to adopt targeted inspection measures, to improve the quality of food hygiene, and ensure physical and mental health of consumers. [Methods]Based on the " National Food Hygiene Standards" 10 categories of food such as meat and meat Products, soy products, conserved fruit were tested and evaluated. SPSS 17.0 statistical software was used for statistical a-nalysis. [Results]Detection of 1 692 samples, 1 301 were eligible, the average qualified rate of 76. 89% , pickles had the highest qualified rate, followed by soy sauce, beverages, milk and dairy products, fermented wine, conserved fruits, cakes and bread, frozen drinks, all were over 73% , and the qualified rates of soy products, meat and meat products were lowest. [ Conclusion]Food quality increases annually in Nanchang District, but the quality of meat and meat products, soy products and other food is not optimistic. The above food should receive strict food safety risk monitoring and food safety regulatory.%目的 了解无锡市南长区2006-2010年食品卫生质量状况,及时发现存在的问题,有针对性地采取监管措施,提高食品的卫生质量,保障消费者的身心健康.方法 依据国家食品卫生标准对全区肉及肉制品、豆制品、蜜饯等10类食品进行检测、评价,采用SPSS 17.0统计软件对数据进行统计分析.结果 检测1692份样品,合格1301份,平均合格率为76.89%,其中酱腌菜合格率最高,酱油、饮料、乳及乳制品、发酵酒、蜜饯、糕点与面包、冷冻饮品合格率居中,均在73%以上,而肉及肉制品、豆制品合格率较低.结论 南长区食品卫生质量逐年提高,但肉及肉制品、豆制品等食品卫生质量不容乐观,应将此类食品作为今后食品安全风险监测及食品安全监管的重点.

  13. 吕梁市离石区旅店业公共用品用具卫生状况调查分析%Hotels public supplies utensils hygiene investigation and analysis at Lishi district of Lvliang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯根连; 曹海燕

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解旅店业公共用品用具的卫生状况,加强旅店业卫生监督管理,保障广大人民群众的身体健康。方法依据《旅店业卫生标准》(GB9663-1996)对吕梁市离石区2013年公共场所用品用具的卫生监测结果进行综合分析评价。结果我区旅店业公共用品用具的抽样监测平均合格率为76.55%,其中毛巾类、杯具的合格率较高,床上用品类、坐便器、面盆的合格率较低,拖鞋和门把手的合格率最低,分别为:毛巾(89.93%)、浴巾(92.18%)、茶杯(86.33%)、口杯(81.73%)、床上用品(70.50%)、拖鞋(58.10%)、面盆(79.86%)、坐便器(70.21%)、门把手(63.31%)。结论继续加强对旅店业卫生监督监测,每年对从业人员进行培训,提高其卫生法律、法规知识和消毒技能,大力改善旅店业公共用品的卫生状况,做到一客一换一消毒,达到预防疾病、保障人民群众身体健康的目的。%ObjectiveUnderstand the lishi district,luliang city hotels the sanitary condition of public supplies utensils,Strengthen the management of hotels health supervision,Safeguard the people's health.MethodsAccording to >(GB9663-1996)For our district 2013 public supplies equipment health monitoring results of comprehensive analysis and evaluation.ResultsOur hotels public supplies equipment monitoring sampling percent of pass is 76.55% on average,The towels,cups with qualified rate is higher,Bedding,sit implement,the basin that wash a face qualified rate is low,Slippers and the handle of the qualified rate of the lowest,Are:Towel(89.93%), bath towel(92.18%),tea(86.33%),koubei(81.73%),bedding(70.50%),slippers(58.10%),the basin that wash a face (79.86%),toilet(70.21%),and the handle(63.31%).ConclusionContinue to strengthen the supervision and monitoring the hotels health,Annual training to the employees,To improve their law of the health law,the law rules knowledge skills and

  14. Allegheny County Pennsylvania House of Representatives District Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates the Pennsylvania House of Representatives district boundaries within Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western...

  15. Allegheny County Pennsylvania U.S. Legislative Congressional District Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates the U.S. Legislative Congressional district boundaries within Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania...

  16. 77 FR 74168 - Information Collection: Youth Conservation Corps Application and Medical History

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    ... Forest Service Information Collection: Youth Conservation Corps Application and Medical History AGENCY... information collection, OMB 0596- 0084, Youth Conservation Corps Application and Medical History. The... Corps Application and Medical History. OMB Number: 0596-0084. Expiration Date of Approval:...

  17. 33 CFR 207.9 - Mystic River, Mass.; dam of Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Metropolitan District Commission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mystic River, Mass.; dam of... Mystic River, Mass.; dam of Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Metropolitan District Commission. (a... Massachusetts, M.D.C. Parks Division, Boston, Mass.; New England Division, Corps of Engineers, Division...

  18. 北京市朝阳区第一道绿化隔离带政策实施评价%Evaluation of Implementation of the First Greenbelt's Policy in Chaoyang District, Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昊; 蔡玉梅; 张文新

    2011-01-01

    Beijing is the first city that uses greenbelt as a tool for controlling urban expansion, and Chaoyang District occupies the biggest area of greenbelt. Based on data of land use change survey in the years of 1997, 2001 and 2 006, applying GIS's technology, this paper analyzes the characteristics of temporal and spatial changes of land use and landscape pattern of the first greenbelt area, and evaluates the two main functions of the greenbelt, i. e. , controlling urban expansion and improving ecological pattern of landscape. The result shows that the implementation of the first greenbelt policy has increased the area of woodland and succeeded to a certain extent in controlling urban expansion and improving urban ecological environment. However, the effect of the greenbelt policy has not been completely satisfactory and the relevant policy still needs modification.%以北京第一道绿隔所占面积最大的地区朝阳区1997、2001和2006年3个年度的土地变更调查数据为数据源,采用地理信息系统的方法,在对第一道绿化隔离带的土地利用变化特点和景观格局变化进行时空变化分析的基础上,对绿化隔离带在控制城市蔓延及改善景观生态格局这两个主要功能进行了政策实施评价.结果表明,通过第一道绿化隔离带政策的实施增加了林地的面积,在一定程度上控制了北京中心城市的蔓延,改善了城市生态环境,但是控制和改善的程度与预期比尚有一定的差距,绿化隔离带的相关政策仍需要进一步完善.

  19. Practice and Thinking of the Implementation of the National Essential Drug System in Futian District, Shenzhen City%深圳市福田区实施国家基本药物制度的实践与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王跃平; 刘敬文; 陈建; 周勇; 李玉珍

    2011-01-01

    The supply, use and zero-plus sale of the essential drugs in all basic health facilities, are the crucial element of the establishment of the national essential drug system. In April, 2008, Futian District, Shenzhen City promoted the essential drugs zero-plus sale policy and implementation of the national essential drug system firstly. The article describes the main approaches and the effectiveness, analyzes that the implementation of the national essential drug system is conducive to improve the basic health care system, to optimize financial compensation mechanisms of health care, and to change the medical institutions operating mechanism and the medical concept of the people. It is suggested that the key points are to make scientific a essential drug directory, to establish a stable channel for the compensation of the drug zero-plus sale and a strict supervision of essential drugs for the implementation of the national essential drug system.%实现基层卫生机构全部配备使用基本药物并实行零差率销售,是建立国家基本药物制度的关键环节.介绍了深圳市福田区2008年4月起在社区卫生机构实施国家基本药物制度并实行零加成政策的主要做法与成效,认为实施国家基本药物制度有利于完善基本医疗服务体系,有利于优化医疗卫生财政补偿机制,有利于转变医疗机构运行机制,有利于居民群众就医观念的转变.关键要科学制定社区基本用药目录,建立稳定的药品差价补偿渠道,实行严格的基本药品监管.

  20. 绍兴市越城区食品中食源性致病菌污染状况监测%Pollution monitoring of foodborne pathogens in food of Yuecheng district, Shaoxing city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章迎春; 陆永梅; 张雁

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解绍兴市越城区食品中食源性致病菌的污染状况,探讨各种致病菌污染原因,对可能发生的食物中毒进行预测,并为食源性疾病控制提供基础数据和科学依据.方法:按浙江省监测工作要求,采集本地具有一定代表性、典型性和适时性的样品,共计10类400份,依据GB4789进行沙门菌、单核细胞增生李斯特菌、肠出血性大肠杆菌O157:H7、副溶血性弧菌、大肠菌群等致病菌检测.结果:400份样品有29份检出上述致病菌,致病菌总检出率为7.25%.结论:食品中存在食源性致病菌污染,是食源性疾病发生的潜在危险因素,应分析原因并采取针对性措施提高食品安全.%Objective: To study the pollution monitoring status of foodborne pathogens in food of Yuecheng district of Shaoxing city, discuss the cause of pathogenic bacteria pollution and predict the potential food poisoning, so as to provide basic data and scientific basis for foodborne disease control. Methods: According to the monitoring task of Zhejiang province, a total of 400 local samples in 10 kinds with timeliness and typical representative, were collected to carry out the detection of salmonella bacteria, listeria monocytogenes, enterohemorrhagic E. coli 0157:H7 , vibri-o parahemolyticus, coliform groups and so on according to GB4789. Results: 29 samples were found the above pathogenic bacteria among 400 samples. The total pathogenic bacteria detection rate was 7. 25% . Conclusion: The pollution of foodborne pathogens is a potential risk factor for foodborne diseases, and it's better to analyse the reason and take targeted measures to improve the food security.

  1. 郑州市惠济区2005-2012年 NGU 疫情流行病学分析%Analysis of NGU epidemiological trend from 2005 to 2012 in Huiji district,Zhengzhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋宏剑; 魏红玲; 王兆胜

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过分析郑州市惠济区2005-2012年非淋菌性尿道炎( NGU)的流行特征,提出惠济区今后对NGU的防治措施。方法采用描述流行病学方法,对惠济区 NGU 疫情的三间分布及传播途径进行描述。结果2005-2012年惠济区共报告NGU患者450例,疫情呈上升趋势,发病率由3.75/10万上升到30.00/10万。女性发病率明显高于男性,男女之比为1∶8,25~34岁为高发年龄段,占总病例数的80.44%。职业分布以商业服务、农民工、企业工人为主要发病人群,结论惠济区NGU疫情日趋严重,应加强对重点人群的监测和管理,强化各项干预措施,降低发病率。%Objective To analyze NGU ( Non gonococcal urethritis ) epidemic trend from 2005 to 2012 in Huiji district , Zhengzhou city , and put forward the NGU control measures in the coming years .Methods Descriptive epidemiological method was carried out , and pathogen propagation and three ways for the NGU epidemic features were described . Results Total 450 cases for NGU were reported from 2005 to 2012 in Huiji dstrict , the epidemic trend was rising , the in-cidence rate from 3.75/100 000 increased to 30.00/100 000.The incidence for female case was significantly higher than that of male case, ratio for male case to female case is 1 ∶8, person of 25~34 years age is major case group, accounting for 80.44%in all cases.Occupation distribution is in a order of commercial service person , migrant worker, enterprise worker .Conclusions NGU epidemic situation is becoming more seriousily in Huiji distric , it should be strengthened for the monitoring and management of population at risk , strengthened the intervention measures to reduce the incidence of NGU.

  2. 2008-2011年上海市闸北区放射工作人员个人剂量监测结果%Monitoring results of individual dose among radiation workers in Zhabei District of Shanghai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡菁婷; 赵军

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析上海市闸北区2008-2011年放射工作人员个人剂量监测结果,评价放射防护效果.方法 依据《职业性外照射个人剂量监测规范》的要求,采用热释光剂量测量方法对放射工作人员进行个人剂量监测.结果 4年间总体人均剂量当量为0.31 mSv/a,不同放射工种的人均剂量当量范围在0.10~0.58 mSv/a之间,均低于全国和上海市平均水平.结论 放射工作人员年人均剂量当量明显低于国家限值(20 mSv/a),4年监测中未发现超限值对象,现有防护条件可满足安全需求.%[Objective]To analyze the monitoring results of individual dose among radiation workers in Zhahei District of Shanghai City from 2008-2011, and evaluate the protection effect. [ Methods ] Based on requirements of " Specifications of individual dose monitoring for occupational exposure" , thermoluminescent dosimetry was adopted to perform individual dose monitoring. [ Results] The total average dose equivalent was 0. 31 mSv/a in 4 years, the average individual dose equivalent among radiation workers with different types of work ranged from 0. 10-0-58 mSv/a which was lower than the average level of Shanghai and China. [Conclusion] The annual average dose equivalent of radiation worker is obviously lower than the national limit (20 mSv/a) , no worker with over standard dose equivalent has been found in 4 years, and the existed protection conditions can satisfy the security needs.

  3. 广州市越秀区中学生对吸烟行为的认知和态度%Knowledge and Attitudes towards Smoking among Middle School Students of Yuexiu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵占杰; 曾四清; 陈玲; 李艳; 许小频; 王雅静

    2001-01-01

    Objective To understand the status of smoking among middle schoolstudents in Guangzhou and their knowledge and attitudes towards smoking. Methods Two questionnaire surveys were conducted to 1260 middle school students in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, in 1998 and 1999. Results 19.3% of the respondents reported that they had at least a smoke before. The smoking rate increased along with their age. They most often got cigarettes from friends or bought cigarettes out of their own pocket money. 5.5% of them held that smoking is beneficial by lessening fatigue and relieving stress; and 94.5% of them admitted the harm of smoking: polluting the environment and wasting money. Their smoking behavior was influenced by the knowledge and attitudes towards smoking of their families, friends, and themselves as well as their ages. Conclusion Comprehensive measures used to raise the awareness of the long-term and short-term harm of smoking among middle school students can effectively control smoking behavior among them.%目的 了解广州市中学生的吸烟情况和对吸烟行为的认知和态度。方法 用集中调查对象独立填写调查表的方法,对广州市越秀区中学生1260人进行了抽样调查。结果 19.3%的中学生至少吸过一口烟,且吸烟率随着年龄的增长而上升。通常得到香烟的途径是朋友给和自己用零用钱买。5.5%的人认为吸烟有好处,主要是能解除疲劳和调解情绪;94.5%的人承认吸烟有害,主要是污染环境和浪费金钱。他们吸烟的行为除受年龄的影响外,还受家庭、朋友以及自己对吸烟行为的认知和态度的影响。结论 采取综合性措施,使学生充分认识到吸烟的长期和短期危害,可有效地控制中学生的吸烟行为。

  4. 重庆市某区统筹医疗保险居民受益公平分析%The Public Benefit Equity of City-Country Consistency Medical Security in a District of Chongqing Municipality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜涛; 陆筱聪; 项莉

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨重庆市某区城乡居民在统筹医疗保险的受益公平性.方法:利用保险基金使用率、实际补偿比和住院受益率等指标进行分析.结果:上年参加低档筹资标准保险的农村居民次均自付住院费用更少和经济收入较低,共同导致了绝大部分农村居民偏好低档筹资标准;参保高档筹资标准保险的城乡居民受益程度更大;参保高档筹资标准的城镇居民住院受益程度比参加同档筹资标准的农村居民大.结论:逐步缩小两档筹资标准和补偿差距,提高基层医疗机构名义补偿比,加强对农村居民的住院补偿力度.%Objectives: To evaluate if the urban and the rural of a District in Chongqing municipality benefited equally from City-Country Consistency Medical Insurance. Methods: Using indicators of utilization rate of insurance fund, actual compensation rate, and benefit rate of hospitalization. Results: Low economic income and the lower actual hospitalization expense of the rural in the last year's jointly lead most of them selected the lower level medical security; those who have chosen the high level medical security benefit more; the urban residents who have chosen the high level medical security benefit more. Conclusion: Narrowing gradually gap of security expenses and compensations of the two kinds of financing standard; promoting policy reimbursement ratio for basic medical service and increasing hospitalization compensation for the rural.

  5. 广州市海珠区6岁儿童患龋的家庭影响因素%Family factors of caries in 6-year-old children in Guangzhou City, Haizhuqu District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李曼煜; 张梦葩; 袁贤君

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨儿童龋病形成的家庭相关因素,为龋病预防提供参考.方法:①采用横断面研究对广州市海珠区1 042名6岁儿童进行口腔检查,了解患龋情况;②对儿童家长进行封闭式问卷调查,主要了解儿童饮食、口腔卫生习惯,家长对口腔保健的知、信、行等内容.结果:1042名受检儿童中,患龋526人,其中男性273人,女性253人,龋损率(50.4%),龋均3.12.儿童日常饮食种类及口腔卫生习惯与其患龋相关;家长口腔保健的知、信、行与儿童患龋相关.结论:减少含糖食品的摄入频率,少吃零食;培养儿童良好的口腔卫生习惯;加大对儿童家长口腔健康教育的力度,是预防儿童龋病的重要措施.%AIM:To investigate the family factors of caries in 6-year old children in Haizhu District,Guangzhou City.METHODS:Parents of 1042 children aged 6-year-old were asked to answer a questionnaire conceming children' s diet,eating habit,oral health care habit and the knowledge of oral health.The children received dental examination.RESULTS:Caries prevalence was 50.4% (526/1042,273 boyes and 253 girls) and DMFT was 3.12.Frequent intake of sugar and soft drinks were related to caries incidence rate.Parents' oral health care knowledge and children' s tooth brushing frequency were also relevant factors to caries formation.CONCLUSION:Oral health care education should be promoted for parents of young children.And children should be encouraged to take less sugar and brush their teeth more frequently.

  6. Practice of Performance Appraisal in Wangyuehu Community Health Service Center of Yuelu District in Changsha City%某社区卫生服务中心绩效考核的实践探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳树立

    2011-01-01

    目的 对长沙市岳麓区望月湖社区卫生服务中心绩效考核的实践过程进行分析,探讨如何调动基层医务人员参与社区公共卫生服务的积极性.方法 发放"社区居民健康消费卡",利用信息化系统进行监督、管理及绩效考核.结果 公共卫生服务的数量和质量大幅度提高;社区居民满意度越来越高;中心服务人次从日均30人左右,提高至日均200人左右.结论 发放"社区居民健康消费卡",实现公共卫生服务经费"先给数,后给钱;先分发,后回收",全过程利用进行监督、管理及绩效考核,成功调动了基层医务人员参与公共卫生服务的积极性.%Objective To analyze the practice process of performance appraisal in Wangyuehu Community Health Service Center of Yuelu District in Changsha City, and investigate how to mobilize the initiative of the grass - root medical staff to participate in community public health services. Methods The " community health of residents spending cards" were issued,and the work on supervision, management and performance approval was carried out by using the information systems. Results The quantity and quality of public health services greatly were improved, satisfaction of community residents had been increased constantly, the person times of the center services were increased from 30 or so daily to average of 200 daily. Conclusion by issue of " community health of residents spending cards" the public health service funds gets the condition of " amount first and money second; distribution first and callback second". In the whole process, by using " community health service in operation and performance appraisal systems" , supervision, management and performance approval are carried out, which achieves successful mobilization of the grass - root medical staff's enthusiasm for public health services.

  7. Analysis on Immunization Coverage Rate in Jilin City Changyi District,2015 First Quarter%2015年第一季度吉林市昌邑区免疫规划疫苗接种情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金成; 韩香淑

    2015-01-01

    Objective To know jilin city changyi district the immune planning vaccination, to provide scientific basis for suitable for the intervention measures. Methods Using immune planning information management system platform, obtaining the first quarter of 2015 in 14 street/the township-level vaccination units vaccination status report. Results Pass the en-trance kindergarten vaccination certificate inspection, the immune planning vaccination completion rate of 88.39%; The en-tire coverage of 95.50% immunization vaccines;In the first quarter of school-age children the immune planning vaccination rates monitoring data of average of 64.91%. Conclusion Streets and township-level vaccination units of the immune plan-ning vaccination work level no difference, vaccination staff work sense of responsibility and professional quality is the key to the vaccination work quality factor, the vaccination units system and stability directly affect the staff's working condition.%目的:了解吉林市昌邑区免疫规划疫苗的接种情况,为制定适合该区的干预措施提供科学依据。方法利用免疫规划信息管理系统平台,调取2015年第一季度全区14个街道/乡镇级接种单位的接种情况报表。结果通过入学入托预防接种证查验,免疫规划疫苗接种完成率达88.39%;免疫规划疫苗全程接种率达95.50%;第一季度适龄儿童免疫规划疫苗接种率监测数据平均值为64.91%。结论街道与乡镇级接种单位的免疫规划疫苗接种工作水平并无差异,接种人员的工作责任心及业务素质是接种工作质量好坏的关键因素,而接种单位体制及稳定性直接影响工作人员的工作状态。

  8. Survey of the risk factors of the patients with stroke in city and countryside intersection in Pudong New District%浦东新区城乡结合部脑卒中危险因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱君效; 许东伟; 张立娟; 赵梅珍; 史楠; 张蔚; 张燕; 金磊; 王志敬; 狄勇

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解浦东新区城乡结合部脑卒中患者的危险因素,为二级预防提供依据。方法:采用横断面调查,分析脑卒中患者社会、经济、文化特征、相关危险因素的暴露率。结果:脑卒中患者中,高血压、冠心病、房颤、糖尿病、高血脂、周围神经病的暴露率分别为80.9%、25.9%、8.4%、21.3%、24.9%、2.4%,超重和肥胖占39%。结论:上海浦东新区城乡结合部的高血压、冠心病、高脂血症人群是脑卒中二级预防的重点干预对象;要大力倡导戒烟、限酒、适当体育锻炼等健康生活方式。%Objective:To study the risk factors of the patients with stroke in city and countryside intersection in Pudong New District to provide the basis for the secondary prevention. Methods:The cross-sectional survey was adopted. The patients’ characteristics of society, economy, culture and the exposure rate to the relevant risk factors were analyzed. Results:Their rates of hypertension, coronary heart disease, atrial ifbrillation, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and exposure rate of peripheral neuropathy were 80.9%, 25.9%, 8.4%, 21.3%, 24.9%, and 2.4%, respectively. The rate of over-weight or obesity was 39%. Conclusion:The patients with hypertension, coronary heart disease, and hyperlipidemia are the key objects of intervention. It should be strongly advocated cessation of smoking, limitation of alcohol, proper physical exercise and healthy life styles.

  9. Analysis of lead level in 1963 cases of children's blood in Beilun district of Ningbo city%浙江省宁波市城区1 963名儿童血铅检测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王健民; 吴庆国; 何坤山; 张乐天; 徐飞芬; 谢碧华

    2008-01-01

    Objective In order to understand the children's blood lead load and presence status of blood lead levels,provide the first-hand information on further preventive intervention in high lead hyperlipidemia.Methods This study routinely collected 5 to 9-year-old children's blood,a total of 1963 cases.Peripheral blood lead levels was detected by atomic absorption spectrometry.Results Blood lead ≥ 100μg/L is 45 cases in 1963 cases of children, the rate is 2.3%, the highest is 439μg/L,only one.Other 44 persons' blood lead level is 100 ~ 200μg/L,average 149.2μg/L.Conclusion The children's blood lead levels in Beilun district of Ningbo city is in normal state in general,not high blood lead load.%目的 了解宁波市北仑区城区儿童是否存在血铅负荷过高,掌握该区域儿童血铅水平现状,为进一步预防性干预提供第一手资料.方法 常规法采集纳入该研究的5~9岁儿童的外周血,共1 963名,采用原子吸收光谱法检测外周血血铅.结果 1 963名儿童中,血铅≥100μg/L,45名,占2.3%,其中最高者达439μg/L,仅有1名;其他44名的血铅水平在100~200 μg/L,平均149.2 μg/L.结论 宁波市北仑区城区儿童的血铅水平总体处于正常状态,血铅负荷不高.

  10. 山西古交原平川区土地整理项目后评价研究%The Research on Post-evaluation of Land Consolidation Project in Yuanpingchuan District in Gujiao City, Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史利江; 王圣云; 安祥生; 原玉廷; 陈建设; 韩武波; 王晓东

    2012-01-01

    为了客观反映和评价山西土地整理项目开展情况,找出土地整理实践中存在的问题与不足,促进山西土地整理事业的持续发展,选取山西古交原平川区土地整理项目作为研究对象,利用模糊综合评价法对该项目进行后评价.结果表明:古交原平川区土地整理项目的总体效果较好,在改善农业生产条件、增加耕地面积、提高粮食产能、减少土地纠纷、减轻当地贫困、防治水土流失、改善景观生态环境方面都达到了预期的效果,但也存在一定的问题与不足,如项目的工期偏移率过大,农田抗旱能力有待进一步提高.本研究可为土地整理项目后评价定量化研究和实践提供一定的科学参考和借鉴.%In order to reflect objectively and evaluate land consolidation projects, find out problems and inadequacy, and promote the sustainable development of land consolidation cause in Shanxi Province, the land consolidation project in Yuanpingchuan District in Gujiao City in Shanxi Province was chosen as a sample, the author carried out post—evaluation by fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. The result showed that this land consolidation project had succeeded on the whole, which improved agricultural production conditions, increased the area of farmland and grain production capacity, reduced land disputes and local poverty, prevented and controlled soil erosion, and better ecological environment and landscape. However, there were some problems and deficiencies, such as the deviation ratio of time limit for this project was too big and drought resistance of farmland needs to be further improved. In general, this research would provided a scientific reference for quantitative research on post-evaluation of land consolidation project and practice.

  11. 社会工作在满足老年人发展性需求方面的介入——基于对平江区L社区的调查%Social Work's Intervention in Meeting the Developmental Needs of the Aged: Based on the survey of the L community in Pingjiang District, Suzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐艳; 唐旭; 朱露露; 吴英珉; 沈璐; 杨祎

    2012-01-01

      Under the background of increasingly serious aging trend, the topic of meeting the developmental needs of the aged has been under heated discussion. This article takes L community in Pingjiang District, Suzhou City as a case, and draws the conclusion that developmental demand of the aged is affected by the factors such as the economic condition, physical condition and social support network. Through the actual intervention and evaluation in case, group and community social work, the author believes that social work intervention in meeting the developmental demands has feasibility and effectiveness.

  12. 深圳市盐田区育龄女性生殖道感染现状分析%Analysis on the current situation of reproductive tract infection in women of child-bearing age in Yantian district of Shenzhen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明真; 陈国荣; 叶碧清; 刘燕香; 张素盘; 张灵

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To understand the current situation of reproductive tract infection in women of childbearing age in Yantian district of Shenzhen city, provide reference for community intervention. Methods: Stratified cluster sampling method was used to selected 900 women of childbearing age from Yantian district of Shenzhen city, then questionnaire investigation, routine gynecological examination, and laboratory examination were performed. Results; The prevalence rate of reproductive tract infection in women of childbearing age in Yantian district of Shenzhen city was 70.44%. The incidences of pelvic inflammatory disease, annexitis, chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, trichomonas vaginitis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, and other vaginitis were 1. 24% , 2. 33% , 25. 00% , 0.55% , 39. 11% , and 7. 44% , respectively. Conclusion: The prevalence rate of reproductive tract infection in women of childbearing age in Yantian district of Shenzhen city was high, especially vulvovaginal candidiasis, the times of artificial abortion was the main influencing factor of reproductive tract infection.%目的:了解深圳市盐田区育龄女性生殖道感染的现状,为社区干预提供依据.方法:采用整群分层抽样的方法,抽取深圳市盐田区育龄妇女900例,进行问卷调查、常规妇科检查和实验室检查.结果:深圳市盐田区育龄女性生殖道感染患病率为70.44%,其中盆腔炎患病率1.24%;附件炎患病率为2.33%;慢性宫颈炎患病率25.00%;滴虫性阴道炎患病率0.55%;外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病患病率39.11%;其他阴道炎患病率7.44%.结论:深圳市盐田区育龄女性生殖道感染患病率较高,以外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病为明显,人工流产次数为生殖道感染的主要影响因素.

  13. Programmatic Issues in Teacher Education: The Texas Teacher Corps Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivarez, Ruben Dario, Ed.

    Various aspects of program planning and implementation in the Texas Teacher Corps Network are explored. The following topics are covered: 1) program conceptualization and design; 2) intern and team leader recruitment; 3) Teacher Corps experiences dealing with graduate admission processes and their implications for change; 4) management of Teacher…

  14. The Peace Corps and Higher Education: Finally the Envisioned Partnership?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quigley, Kevin F. F.

    2013-01-01

    A number of structural and contextual changes underway suggests that now that the Peace Corps has begun its second half-century, it may be the opportune time for a broader and deeper strategic partnership with higher education along the lines that the Peace Corps founders' envisioned. That partnership would involve higher education playing an…

  15. 20 CFR 422.5 - District offices and branch offices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 422.5 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES Organization and Functions of the Social Security Administration § 422.5 District offices and branch offices. There are over 700 social security district offices and branch offices located in the principal cities...

  16. The Study of Realistic Difficulties and Countermeasure of Creating National Historical and Cultural City---A Case Study of Lvshunkou District%历史文化名城创建的现实困境与对策研究--以旅顺口区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王恒

    2014-01-01

    This paper discussed the significance of creating famous historical and cultural city. Then, the author analyzed the present situation of regional basic conditions. The article point out the reason of Lvshunkou district has not become national historical and cultural city. They include: the misunderstanding in the con-struction of cities; the real concern; the restriction mechanism and so on several aspects. The author put forward the countermeasures for the problems of creating national historical and cultural city in Lvshunkou district. They include: set up a protection and manage-ment of national historical and cultural city, set up a protection and development organization of national historical and cultural city, actively protect the historical block, held in BBS activities of national historical and cultural city, the whole people to partici-pate in the activities with the community as the main body, estab-lish and gradually improve the protection of relevant laws and reg-ulations and so on several aspects.%在阐述了创建历史文化名城意义的基础之上,针对区域现状进行了基础条件分析,并指出了旅顺至今未成功入选国家历史文化名城之列的原因,包括:城市建设中的认识误区;现实隐忧;制约机制等几个方面。针对上述问题,提出了旅顺创建历史文化名城的对策,包括:建立历史文化名城保护管理机构;成立历史文化名城保护与开发建设机构;积极保护历史街区,保证保护工作有效得力;举办旅顺历史文化名城论坛活动;社区主体,全民参与;建立并逐步完善保护建设相关法规等几个方面。

  17. Surveillance on adverse events following immuhization in Yuexiu district of Guangzhou city%广州市越秀区预防接种副反应监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辜洁妮; 湛柳华; 刘淑勤

    2011-01-01

    Guangzhou city from 2006 to 2009 and analyzed. Results Totally 286 AEFI cases were reported from 2006 to 2009 by the surveillance system. The estimated incidence of AEFI was 12.12/100 000 dose vaccination and most of the AEFI were reported during March to August. The AEFI reports involved 21 kinds of vaccine. Among all AEFI reported, there were 134 (5.67/100 000 doses) general response, 87 (3.68/100 000 doses) abnormal reaction, and 65 (2. 75/100 000 doses) coincidental reaction. The vaccines with first three frequent AEFI were Areinfluenza H1N1 influenza vaccine(75/100 000 doses) ,MR vaccine( 67.11/100 000 doses) and DTwP vaccine(66. 99/100 000 doses). The general reactions were fever (49. 25% ), local swelling and induration (29. 1% ), and fever with local swelling and induration (11. 94% ). The first three abnormal reactions were allergic skin rash, aseptic abscess, angioedema. The main coincidental reaction was upper respiratory infection. There were significant differences in the incidence of AEFI between vaccination with and without dilution^2 =5. 68 ,P = 0. 017 ) , and between different injection way (x2 = 4. 7, P = 0. 03). The children with allergy history were more likely to have abnormal reaction than general response with an odds ratio of 2.1. Conclusion No vaccine quality problem and mistake vaccination were found in AEFI surveillance. The vaccines are used safely and the incidence of AEFI is within the expected range in Yuexiu district of Guangzhou city.

  18. When Teachers Speak of Teaching, What Do They Say? a Portrait of Teaching From the Voices of the StoryCorps National Teachers Initiative

    OpenAIRE

    Liefshitz, Irene Anastasia

    2015-01-01

    There is a significant lack of educational research in which teachers’ talk about teaching is not mediated by researchers. In the public sphere, teachers’ voices rarely reach us unfiltered by the media, union and school district representatives, education reformers, and policymakers. What if we could listen to teachers talk about teaching unconstrained by any topic or agenda, in a conversation initiated by them? The StoryCorps National Teachers Initiative (SCNTI) provides an unparalleled o...

  19. 上海市宝山区居民健康生活方式现况评价%Evaluation of health life style among residents in Baoshan District,Shanghai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱燕红; 蔡忠元; 王路; 龚玉珍; 徐世源

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand status of the residents health life style in Baoshan District of Shanghai, and provide scientific basis to make related intervention measures. Methods Using multi-staged stratified random sampling method, 507 residents were enrolled and a household questionnaire survey was carried out in Baoshan District. Results The percentage of respondents who heard of national health lifestyle action and action catchword was 51. 6% and 58. 2% , respectively. More than 80% of respondents believed that healthy lifestyle should include reasonable diet, regular exercise, smoking quit and limited alcohol drinking. The awareness rates of balanced meal and normal blood pressure value range were higher, accounting for 92. 2% and 82. 6% . The awareness rate of moderate intensity aerobic exercise judgment standard, recommended adult physical activity level and date of the health life action were 8. 0% , 19. 8% and 20. 8% . Percentages of agreeing all health life styles were more than 65. 0% , except consciously controlling weight, which accounted for 47. 0% . Percentages of residents who often ate fresh vegetables and fruits in the past week were 90. 4% and 64. 6%. The prevalence rate of using limit salt spoon, limit oil pot and tape for BMI (Body Mass Index) or waistline was 32. 8% , 24.6% and 14. 0% , respectively. Utilization ratio of tape for BMI in women was higher than that in men (P < 0. 01 ). Conclusion The prevalence rates of awareness and behaviors among residents in Baoshan District, Shanghai City were both at a lower level. Popularization of health knowledge, health concepts should be further improved to form health behavior gradually.%目的 了解上海市宝山区居民健康生活方式现状,为制定相关干预措施提供科学依据.方法 采用多阶段分层随机抽样的方法,对507名常住居民入户进行问卷调查,用率的描述与χ2检验.结果 调查对象听说过全民健康生活方式行动及行动口号分别为51.6%

  20. 贵阳市云岩区2010年居民营养与健康状况调查%Nutrition and health status among residents of Yunyan district, Guiyang city in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张江萍; 王艳; 刘力允; 张威; 吴雅冬; 李鹏华; 晏家玲

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate nutrition and health status of residents in Yunyan district,Guiyang city,for making effective health promotion strategy.Methods Multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling was adopted to select 1 456 people from 455 households in six communities of Yunyan district in 2010.The participants were investigated by questionnaire survey,dietary survey,medical check-up and laboratory tests.Results The intakes of grain and potato of the residents were adequate (283 grams per person per day).While the daily consumption of fresh fruits (34 grams),fish and shrimp(4 grams),milk and its products (51 grams) were obviously lower than the recommended standard.The consumptions of livestock and poultry meat(108 grams) and edible oil(44 grams) were high.The intakes of various kinds of dietary nutrients in the residents were below the national consumption level 2002.And the retinol equivalent and calcium were 320.5 μg RE and 352.7 mg,which were 40% and 44% of the recommended standard(Chinese dietary reference intakes).Cereals accounted for 45.9% of energy from food.Beans and animal food accounted for 47.5% of protein from food.Animal food accounted for 47.4% of lipid from food.Malnutrition rate,overweight rate,obesity rate,prevalence of hypertension,prevalence of diabetes,hypercholesterolemia,hypertriglyceridemia of the residents over 18 years old were 4.6%,33.4%,11.8%,17.5%,6.4%,12.4%,and 29.6%,respectively.Conclusion The residents in Yunyan district take sufficient foods.The main improvement measure for the dietary pattern is adjusting the imbalance of dietary structure.Chronic diseases will be an important public health problem among the residents.%目的 了解贵州省贵阳市云岩区居民营养与健康状况,为制定健康促进策略提供依据.方法 采取多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法,抽取云岩区6个社区(村)455户1 456人进行询问、膳食调查、医学体检和实验室检测.结果 当地居民

  1. Status analysis of health literacy among residents in a district of Xuzhou city in 2013 and the influence factor%2013年某区居民健康素养现状分析及影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张光勤

    2014-01-01

    Objective To master the specific circumstances of residents′health literacy in Yunlong district of Xuzhou city in 2013,and summarize and analyze the influence factors of health literacy,so as to provide true information for developing health education strategies effectively. Methods Questionnaire survey was conducted among 450 residents with the age of 15-69 years old,who were selected from 6 committees of Yunlong district by multistage stratified cluster random sampling. The chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were conducted for the influencing factors of health literacy level. Results The rate of the overall residents′ health literacy in Yunlong district was 25.56%;the proportions of the basic knowledge and concepts of health,healthy life style and behavior and health skills literacy were 35.56%,10.22% and 51.78%,respectively;single factor analysis showed that different age groups,different cultural degree,different occupation crowd,different family income level,dif-ferences in health literacy level had statistical significance(P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that cultural degree(OR=1.234),age (OR=0.974),annual income level(OR=1.221) and occupation status for the medical staff (OR=4.078) and so on affected the health literacy of residents in the area. Conclusion The level of the health knowledge and the health skills of urban and rural residents in the area is high,however,the effect to develop healthy behavior is poor. It needs to increase the in-tensity of intervention to guide residents to develop healthy behavior,so that the health knowledge of urban and rural residents have can really help to guide behavior.%目的:调查2013年某区居民健康素养具体情况,总结分析影响居民健康素养的因素,为制订有效的健康教育对策提供真实信息。方法采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法在云龙区6个居委会抽取450名15~69岁常住人口进行问卷调查。对健康素

  2. Epidemiological investigation of HIV infection among unpaid blood donors in Shapingba District of Chongqing City%重庆市沙坪坝区无偿献血人群HIV感染情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐婷; 喻荷莲; 罗阳; 李兵; 赵树铭; 蒋天伦

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解 HIV 在重庆市沙坪坝区无偿献血人群中的感染情况及流行特征,以加强血液管理,并为相关决策提供证据。方法对2007~2013年无偿献血者的血液检测标本145171人份,进行 HIV 传染性标志物检测,统计 HIV 感染率并分析人群特征。结果2007~2013年重庆市沙坪坝区无偿献血人群中 HIV 感染率为0.054%(79/145171),各年检出率分别为0.011%(2/17684)、0.054%(10/18554)、0.070%(14/19902)、0.068%(14/20578)、0.051%(12/23709)、0.056%(13/23268)和0.065%(14/21476)。异性传播占68.4%(54/79),男性占88.6%(70/79),20~<30岁年龄段占54.4%(43/79),未婚者占60.8%(48/79)。不同传播方式、性别、年龄组、婚姻状况及文化程度之间 HIV 阳性率的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论沙坪坝区无偿献血人群中 HIV 感染处于高流行平稳趋势,HIV 阳性率逐年增加,而感染主要是通过性行为传播,应加强对未婚年轻男子艾滋病防治宣传工作。%Objective To investigate the human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) infection situation and epidemi‐ological characteristics of the unpaid blood donors in Shapingba district for strengthening blood management and pro‐viding evidence for relevant decision‐making .Methods A total of 145171 blood test samples of unpaid blood donors from January 2007 to December 2013 were tested for HIV infectious markers .The HIV infection rate and population characteristics were statistically analyzed .Results The HIV infection rate of volunteer blood donors in Shapingba district of Chongqing city during 2007 - 2013 was 0 .054% (79/145 171 ) ,the each annual rate was 0 .011% (2/17 684) ,0 .054% (10/18 554) ,0 .070% (14/19 902 ) ,0 .068% (14/20 578) ,0 .051% (12/23 709 ) ,0 .056% (13/23 268) and 0 .065% (14/21 476) ,respectively .Among them

  3. 天津市南开区0~3岁儿童生长发育状况分析%Analysis on growth status of children under 3 years of age in Nankai district of Tianjin city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫贵明; 杨莉莉; 边桐欣; 齐桂婕

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解天津市南开区0~3岁儿童的生长发育状况,为本地区儿童保健工作提供参考依据.方法 采用便利抽样的方法选择天津市南开区王顶堤医院管辖范围内0~3岁儿童,共收集了2 880名儿童的健康查体资料.结果 儿童Z评分结果身长/体质量(WHZ)的M(M,Q75)值6、9、12、18个月分别为0.74(0.01,1.49)、0.73(0.08,1.38)、0.58(0.11,1.27)、0.54(0.14,1.22),与3、24、36个月[0.29(0.45,1.03)、0.17(0.61,0.95)、0.22(0.36,0.80)]相比,差异有统计学意义,x2=21.71,P<0.05;年龄/身长(HAZ)的M(Q25,Q75)值3、6、9、12、36个月分别为1.05 (0.33,1.76)、1.09(0.32,1.85)、1.22(0.41,2.02)、1.00(0.20,1.79)、1.09(0.19,1.99),与18、24个月[0.79(0.06,1.51)、0.86(0.15,1.56)]相比,差异有统计学意义,x2=27.83,P< 0.05;年龄/体质量(WAZ)的M(Q25,Q75)值3、12、18、24、36个月分别为0.88(0.29,1.46)、0.96 (0.31,1.61)、0.85 (0.19,1.51)、0.64 (0.04,1.23)、0.91 (0.28,1.54),与6、9个月[1.10(0.43,1.76)、1.09(0.43,1.74)]相比,差异有统计学意义,x2=36.95,P<0.05.调查地区儿童生长迟缓、消瘦、超重的发生率分别为0.3%(10/2 880)、0.8%(22/2 880)、9.3%(267/2 880).早产儿的体格状况与足月儿和过期产儿的体格状况差异有统计学意义,=140.23和100.64,P<0.05.结论 天津市南开区0~3岁儿童生长发育状况总体良好,男女差异不明显,超重成为现在儿童最大的健康问题;早产儿的体格状况低于足月产和过期产新生儿.%Objective The study aimed to explore the growth status of children under 3 years of age in Nankai district of Tianjin city,provide reference evidence for children's health care work of the local area.Methods Convenience sampling was used to collect physical examination records of children under 3 years old from Wangdingdi hospital in Nankai district of Tianjin city.The records of 2 880 children' physical examination data were collected.Results The median scores of weight for

  4. Le corps des rois des rois dans la ville : Ménélik II et Haylé Sellasé à Addis Abeba The bodies of kings of kings in the city: Menelik II and Haile Selassie in Addis Ababa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estelle Sohier

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ménélik II et Haylé Sellasé, les deux principaux souverains éthiopiens du xxe siècle, ont tous deux connu des fins de règne et de vie troubles, caractérisées par l’absence de funérailles au moment de leur disparition. Différentes sources endogènes et exogènes sont disponibles pour mieux appréhender leur histoire, au nombre desquelles des monuments visibles aujourd’hui dans la capitale éthiopienne. Le croisement des sources et des regards éthiopiens et étrangers permet de démêler l’écheveau des circonstances de la disparition de Ménélik II et les raisons de la dissimulation du corps du roi défunt. Il permet aussi de comprendre comment son successeur, Haylé Sellasé, a géré politiquement le corps – et, partant, la mémoire – de son prédécesseur, en plaçant également au cœur de sa politique symbolique son propre futur lieu de sépulture. Les monuments d’Addis Abeba transmettent nombre d’informations sur l’histoire des funérailles royales en Éthiopie au xxe siècle, mais aussi sur la place du corps des souverains défunts dans le système politico-religieux de la royauté éthiopienne contemporaine.Menelik II and Haile Selassie, the two major Ethiopian sovereigns during the 20th century, both experienced troubles in their lives and at the end of their reigns: no funeral ceremonies were held at the time of their death. Various sources are available for understanding these historical events, among them the monuments that can still be seen in the country’s capital. By crossing sources and viewpoints, both Ethiopian and foreign, we can unravel the set of circumstances surrounding the death of Menelik II and the reasons for concealing the body of the deceased. We thus understand how his successor, Haile Selassie, politically managed his predecessor’s corpse (and the memory of him by placing his own future place of burial at the center of this political symbolism. The monuments in Addis Ababa

  5. Zoning Districts, MFRDC has zoning boundaries for some of the counties and the cities in the area., Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Middle Flint RDC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'MFRDC has...

  6. Special Taxing Districts, Capital Cost Recovery areas - Areas designated by ordinance to recover cost of infrastructure improvements, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, City of Salina.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Special Taxing Districts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2009. It is described...

  7. 泉州市中心城区体育场地建设现状--以泉州市丰泽区为例%The Status of Sports Field Construction in Central District of Quanzhou City---Case study of Fengze District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许科

    2015-01-01

    By the methods of literature study,logical analysis,interview,mathematical statistics,and based on the data of the Sixth National Sport-Venue Investigation,this research made a study of the quantities,scale,type,investment,distribution,operations in Fengze district.The result shows that:the number of Fengze average sports venue among each myriad people is less than Quanzhou,but the quality of the sports venue is much better,construction area account for 25.52% of the Quanzhou city,pervenue area is 1.45 m2 slightly higher than the average level in Quanzhou, per venue investment is 2 699.87 yuan greatly higher than the average level in Quanzhou 886 yuan,finance allocates funds accounted for 71.27% of the total amount of investment.The government should make an exquisite planning to the sports venue construction,constantly updated management concept, gradually introducing market operating mechanism,revitalize the stock increase the Fengze district sports venues open rate and operating efficiency.%采用文献法、逻辑分析法、数理统计法和专家访谈法,以全国第六次体育场地普查数据为依据,对泉州市中心城区的丰泽区体育场地数量、规模、类型、投资、分布、运营等进行了研究.结果表明:丰泽区每万人拥有体育场地数量低于泉州平均水平,但场地质量较高;场地规模占泉州市比例较大,特别是建筑面积占到泉州市的25.52%,但人均场地面积略高于泉州平均水平,达到1.45 m2;场地人均投资为2699.87元,大大高于泉州市886元的平均水平,且财政拨款占投资总额的71.27%.政府应进一步做好体育场地建设总体规划、不断更新经营管理理念、逐步引进市场化的运营机制、盘活存量提高丰泽区体育场地的开放率与运营效率.

  8. Union County - La Grande, Oregon geothermal district heating: feasibility assessment. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenkins, H. II; Giddings, M.; Hanson, P.

    1982-09-01

    This report presents an assessment of geothermal district heating in the City of La Grande, Oregon. Eight study area districts were analyzed to determine their economic feasibility. Results from the analyses conclude that certain districts within the City of La Grande are economically feasible if certain assumptions are correct. Development of geothermal district heating for these areas would provide direct energy and dollar savings to the building owners and would also provide direct and indirect benefits to low and moderate income households within the City.

  9. Le corps pragmatiste. Entretien avec Richard Shusterman

    OpenAIRE

    Lavergne, Cécile; Mondémé, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    Richard Shusterman, professeur de philosophie à la Florida Atlantic University, publie, en 2007, Conscience du corps. Pour une soma-esthétique. Connu initialement en France pour ses travaux sur le rap et l’esthétique populaire (L'Art à l'état vif, 1992), il est aujourd’hui l’un des plus éminents représentants du pragmatisme américain. Lecteur assidu de Dewey et de James (Sous l'interprétation, 1994), il a été profondément marqué par la pensée de Richard Rorty, même si ses travaux récents (Viv...

  10. A District's Use of Data and Research to Inform Policy Formation and Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seager, Andrew; Madura, John P.; Cox, Joshua; Carey, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    This descriptive study of a change initiative by the Syracuse (NY) City School District informs the question, "How do school boards and districts better use research and data to inform policy decisions?" Researchers used interviews and artifacts to describe how the district developed and implemented a new discipline policy, the Syracuse…

  11. Integrated district heating in the GDR - an effective contribution to the rational use of energy resources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Munser, H.; Roschlaub, W.; Walter, K.; Weidlich, H.G.

    1981-03-01

    The state of the art of district heating in the GDR is reviewed with remarks on: 1. Possibilities of energy conservation by cogeneration. 2. Brown coal heating power plants. 3. Specific heat supply cost of a power plant. 4. Energy conservation by the consumer. 5. Integrated district heating systems for big cities. 6. Use of big condensation power plants for district heating.

  12. The Limitation of "Three Old" Transformation Concept Used in the Old Urban District Renewal of Historical and Cultural City--Case Study of Foshan Pujun Metro%“三旧”改造概念运用在历史文化名城老城区更新中的局限性--佛山普君新城案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨俭波; 李凡; 黄维

    2014-01-01

    本文讨论的内容是“三旧”改造概念在历史文化名城老城非核心区更新中的作用和价值。本文的相关结论都是基于对佛山市普君南区(普君新城)的案例研究,结论显示,“三旧”改造概念在历史文化名城非核心区的城市更新中存在部分局限性。%This paper discusses the content that the role and value of "Three Old" transformation concept in the old urban non-core district renewal of historical and cultural city. The conclusion of the article is based on the case study of Foshan South Pujun (Pujun Metro), according to the conclusion, there is the of "Three Old" transformation concept in the old urban non-core district renewal of historical and cultural city.

  13. Yiling District,Pearl of the Three Gorges Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    YLING District of Yichang City, Hubei Province, near the Yangtze liver Xiling Gorge, marks the midway spot between the river’s upper and middle reaches. It is site of the Gezhouba Dam and the Three Gorges Project dam, and has consequently been dubbed gate to the Three Gorges. With a territory of 3,424 square kilometers, Yiling is the largest and most populous district of Yichang City.Urban construction-The district has invested one billion yuan in urban construction which has expanded the urban area to 8 square kilometers. The local infrastructure, transportation and environment have also been upgraded.

  14. Le corps à l'époque moderne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrike Krampl

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available GénéralitésAriès Philippe, Bejin André (dir., Sexualités occidentales, Paris, Seuil, 1982.Coenen Marie-Thérèse (dir., Corps de femmes, sexualité et contrôle social, Bruxelles, 2002.Comar Philippe, Les images du corps, Paris, Gallimard, « Découvertes », 1993.Cordier Pierre, Jahan Sébastien (dir., La blessure corporelle. Violences, souffrances, symboles et représentations, Poitiers, GERHICO, 2003.Le corps en morceaux, n° thématique de la revue Terrain, 18, mars 1992.Dauphin Cécile, Farge Arl...

  15. Pollution Characteristics of Heavy Metals in Vegetable Garden Soils on the Roof of Buildings in the Old District of Wanzhou City%万州老城区楼顶菜地土壤重金属污染特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林俊杰; 王云智; 陈国祥; 付川; 李廷真; 来守军

    2011-01-01

    Spatial variation characteristics of heavy metals including Cr, Cd, Cu, Ni and Mn in vegetable garden soils on the roofs of buildings in the old district of Wanzhou city were studied using the ArcGIS geostatistical analytical module. The geo-accumulation index method was used to assess the heavy metal pollution status. Results showed that among the five elements ,ω(Cu) ,ω(Ni) and ω(Mn) were medium in variation intensity,while ω(Cr) and ω(Cd) had a big spans of variation,which suggested the sources of heavy metals in the vegetable garden soils were significantly affected by outside interference with a large spatial variability. In the spatial distribution, all of the five metals had the same hotspot A, which was located in the northwest of the study area. The concentrations of Cr,Ni and Mn showed some overlapped areas in another hotspot which was located in the midwest of the study area,indicating there may be some combined pollution. Correlative analysis also gave the same result. According to the results of the geoaccumulation index assessment,the soils were seriously polluted by Cd,slightly polluted by Cr,and unpolluted by Cu,Ni and Mn.%为研究万州老城区菜地土壤重金属污染状况,运用ArcGIS地统计分析模块分析了万州老城区楼顶菜地中5种重金属元素Cr,Cd,Cu,Ni和Mn的空间分布特征,并采用地累积指数法评价了楼顶菜地土壤中重金属的污染状况.结果表明:w(Cu),w(Ni)和w(Mn)属于中等变异,w(Cr)和w(Cd)属于强变异,说明楼顶菜地重金属的来源受外界干扰明显,空间变异较大;在空间分布上,这5种重金属存在一个相同的高值区A,位于研究区西北部;w(Cr),w(Ni)和w(Mn)另一高值区在研究区中西部部分重合,表明Cr,Ni和Mn元素之间可能存在一定的复合污染,与相关性分析的结果一致;根据地累积指数法评价结果,万州老城区楼顶菜地土壤Cd为重度污染,Cr为轻度污染,Cu,Ni和Mn未受污染.

  16. 2009-2011年秦皇岛市海港区疑似接种异常反应监测结果%Surveillance results of AEFI in Haigang District of Qinhuangdao City from 2009-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽洁; 王远红; 常秋君; 班瑞; 武翠玲

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective ] To analyze the characteristics of adverse events following immunization (AEFI) in Haigang District of Qinhuangdao City from 2009-2011. [ Methods] The case data of AEFI were collected by surveillance system and analyzed by descriptive method. [Results] Totally 203 AEFI cases were collected, 154 (75. 86% ) cases were caused by national planning vaccine, 49 (24.14% ) were caused by class II vaccine, 63.55% were children sSl year. Of 203 AEFI cases, 197 (97.04% ) had side effect, 62 had fever≥38.6℃, 71 had local red induration, 55 had other reactions. 85.71% AEFI happened within 24 hours after inoculation, 10.84 % happened 2-7 days after inoculation, 3.45% after 8 days. Five cases (2. 46% ) had abnormal reaction, 1 (0.49% ) with coupled reaction. [ Conclusion] AEFI is associated with intensive inoculation in infantile period apart from vaccine unique characteristics. The increasing number of inoculation will inevitably lead to the increase of AEFI cases as well as the vaccination required services and social costs. Immunization programs should give full consideration to the response of the immune system of infants and young children.%目的 分析秦皇岛市海港区2009-2011年以来疑似预防接种异常反应(adverse events following immunization,AEFI)的发生特性.方法 通过AEFI监测系统收集全区个案数据,采用描述的方法进行分析.结果 共收集AEFI 203例个案,国家规划疫苗154例,占75.86%;二类疫苗(自费)49例,占24.14%.≤1岁的占63.55%.在203例AEFI中,不良反应197例,占97.04%;其中发热≥38.6℃71例,局部红肿硬结>2.5 cm 62例,其他反应55例.有85.71%发生在接种后24h内,10.84%发生在接种后2~7d,3.45%发生在接种8d后.异常反应5例(2.46%),偶合反应1例(0.49%).结论 AEFI除疫苗特有的特性外,与婴幼儿时期接种剂次密集有关.接种数量的增加必然导致AEFI的增加,也增加了为完成接种所需的服务和社会成本,免

  17. Risk factors inducing children bronchial asthma in Bao'an District of Shenzhen City%深圳市宝安区儿童支气管哮喘发病的危险因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓娟; 吴智娟; 钟文明

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To learn the risk factors of bronchial asthma of children in Baoan District of Shenzhen City,and provide basis for early intervening and treating bronchial asthma.[Methods] With case-control study method,a total of 108 cases of children bronchial asthma as case group and 110 cases of non-bronchial asthma as control group.These cases were investigated with self-designed questionnaire,then used single factor analysis and multiple factors analysis method to screen the risk factors.[Results] The study results showed that the risk factors of children bronchial asthma included hypersensitiveness history (OR =2.646),family asthma history (OR =5.155),repeated respiratory infection history (OR =4.116),smoking history of parents (OR =3.028),bad habitation environment (OR =2.123),contacting allergens (OR =4.509),but usually airing quilt (OR =O.500) was the protective factor.[Conclusion] Children bronchial asthma is closely related with hereditary factors,host factors and environmental factors,so it is very important to prevent and intervene children bronchial asthma with high risk factors.%目的 了解深圳市宝安区儿童支气管哮喘(哮喘)发病的危险因素,为早期预防和治疗提供依据.方法 采用病例对照的研究方法,将确诊的108例儿童哮喘病例作为病例组,同时收集110例非支气管哮喘患儿作为对照组;对病例组和对照组进行问卷调查,采用单因素和多因素分析研究儿童哮喘发病的危险因素.结果 研究结果显示,患儿过敏史(OR=2.646)、父母哮喘史(OR=5.155)、呼吸道反复感染史(OR =4.116)、父母吸烟史(OR=3.028)、居住环境差(OR =2.123)、接触过敏原(OR =4.509)为危险因素,而经常晾晒被辱(OR=0.500)为保护因素.结论 儿童支气管哮喘发病与遗传因素、宿主因素、环境因素等密切相关,应针对高危因素和高危人群进行重点预防和干预.

  18. Health risk assessment of organophosphorus pesticides in the drinking water in the rural district of Wuhan City%武汉市农村饮用水有机磷农药风险影响评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊玲; 潘锋; 刘正丹; 张启生

    2013-01-01

    目的 对武汉市农村饮用水有机磷农药含量进行调查,为进一步制定水源防护措施和农村改水措施提供科学依据.方法 用GC-MS测定饮用水中各种有机磷农药含量,并运用化学污染物风险评价公式进行风险概率评价.结果 所有水样均未检出乙酰甲胺磷、甲胺磷、水胺硫磷、乐果、敌敌畏、甲基对硫磷、内吸磷和久效磷,部分水样检出了三唑磷、对硫磷、马拉硫磷、杀螟松,这4种农药的均值分别为172 ng/L、9.3 ng/L、168 ng/L、34 ng/L,对饮用者所致健康危害的个人年风险在6.9×10-12~7.7×10-1o之间.结论 有机磷农药通过饮水途径对饮用者所致健康危害的个人年风险远远低于国际辐射防护委员会(ICRP)推荐的最大可接受风险水平,初步认为目前武汉市饮用水中有机磷农药不会对人体产生明显的健康危害.%OBJECTIVE To investigate the content of organophosphrus pesticides in the drinking water in the rural district of Wuhan City and to provide scientific bases for the further water renovation and building in new countryside. METHODS The content of organophosphrus pesticides in the drinking water were determined by GC-MS. With the data detected, a preliminary risk assessment had been done by using the formula of risk assessment of chemical contamination. RESULTS Acephate, meththamidophos, isocarbophos, dimethoate, dichlorvos, parathion methyl, demeton and monocrotophos were not detected in all samples. Triehlorfon, parathion, malathion and fenitrothion were detected in some samples. The means of four detected organophosphrus pesticides respectively were 172 ng/L, 9.3 ng/L, 168 ng/L and 34 ng/L. The health risk of four detected organophosphrus pesticides to the individual person per year was between 6.9xl0-12 and 7.7x10-10. CONCLUSION The health risk of organophosphrus pesticides to the individual person per year is far below maximum acceptable standard by ICRP through drinking water

  19. 北京市丰台区直接入口食品中食源性致病菌的污染状况%Contamination of Foodborne Pathogens in Directly Edible Food in Fengtai District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    封会茹; 董晓根; 余红; 赵伟

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the contamination status of foodborne pathogens in 1 1 kinds of directly edible food in Fengtai District of BeijingCity.[Methods]Eleven kinds of food samples from 11 kinds of restaurants were tested according to GB/T 4789 -2003 and WS/T 9 - 1996.[Results]A total of 117 strains of Proteus, 22 strains of EPEC, 3 strains of Listeria monocytogenes, 2 strains ofVibrio parahaemolyticus and 1 strain of Staphylococcus aureus were isolated from food samples and the positive rate was 10.47%, 1.97%, 0.28%, 1.16%, 0.08%, 0.08% respectively.Salmonella, Shigella and EHEC O157H7/NM were not isolated from all kinds of food samples.The positive rate in summer and autumn was higher than that in winter.The detection rate of foodborne pathogens was highest in cooked meet and salad.[Conclusion]The contamination of foodbome pathogens in food edible directly was serious.The serious contaminated season is summer and autumn, the major contaminated food is cooked meet and salad.%目的 了解北京市丰台区ll类直接入口食品中食源性致病菌的污染状况.方法 对丰台区11类餐饮业11种直接入口食品进行了调查,检测方法按照GB/T 4789-2003和WS/T 9-1996进行.结果 调查中共检出变形杆菌117株、致病性大肠埃希菌(EPEC)22株、单核细胞增生性李斯特菌3株、副溶血性弧菌2株、金黄色葡萄球菌1株、蜡样芽孢杆菌计数>l05/g检出1份,检出率分别为10.47%、1.97%、0.28%、1.16%、0.08%、0.08%.未检出沙门菌、志贺菌和出血性大肠埃希菌(EHEC O157H7/NM);夏秋季检出率高于冬季;熟肉制品及凉拌菜中食源性致病菌检出率较高.结论 直接入口食品中致病菌的污染比较严重,夏秋季严重,熟肉制品及凉拌菜中检出率高.

  20. Biodiversity of Plantation Communities Under Different Altitudes in Jiuzhoutai District of Lanzhou City%兰州市九州台区不同海拔高度人工林群落物种多样性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马维伟; 王辉; 马小强

    2012-01-01

    通过对兰州市九州台区不同海拔人工林群落结构进行典型样地调查,分析了该林区3种海拔梯度人工林群落的物种多样性特征。结果表明,3种海拔梯度人工林中,中坡(海拔1 760~1 840m)物种多样性指数为最高,物种最丰富,恢复程度最好;3种海拔梯度人工林以上坡(1 900~1 970m)灌木层和草本层物种丰富度指数最小,下坡(1 590~1 730m)灌、草层物种丰富度最大;物种丰富度、种类组成和多样性表明,九州台区人工林草木层总体发育优于乔灌层;各梯度人工群落尚处于演替初期阶段,林下植被发育常以阳生性植物为主;对不同海拔人工林群落结构研究是兰州市南北两山生态绿化工程的延伸,该项研究对于兰州市南北两山植被恢复后的生物学效果评价具有重要意义。%The structure characteristics of the communities under manmade forests were surveyed at three different attitudes in Jiuzhoutai District of Lanzhou City based on typical sampling strategy.The characteristics of species diversity were then analyzed based on the survey results.The results indicated that the communities on the midslope(altitude1 760-1 840 m) had the highest species diversity indices(DHJ),the most species,and the best recovery degree.The layers of shrub and herb on the upslope(1 900-1 970 m) showed the lowest richness index,while the layers of shrub and herb on the downslope(1 590-1 730 m) showed the highest.The development of herbaceous layer was apparently better than the layers of shrubs and woods on the north mount according to the richness index,the species composition and biodiversity.The succession of communities was still at their early stages at all the slope positions,as implied by the dominant sunny species under the woody layer.The research on the biodiversity of manmade ecosystem at different altitudes was the extension of eco-afforestation project carried out on the north and south mounts

  1. Epidemiological characteristic of food poisoning caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Futian District of Shenzhen City%深圳市福田区副溶血性弧菌食物中毒的流行病学特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨梅; 蒋立新; 王永刚; 黄慧萍; 李玥

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the epidemiological characteristic of food poisoning caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Futian District of Shenzhen City, and provide evidence for Vibrio parahaemolyticus related food poisoning control. [Methods] The data of food poisoning caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus from 2007 were accessed, The Vibrio parahaemolyticus was separated according to GB/4789.7-2003, and biochemically identified by GNID, and the serotype was determined by serum slide agglutination. The bioMérieux France ATB Fungs method was used to perform microbial sensitivity test. [Results] The peak season of Vibrio parahaemolyticus related food poisoning was August and September. The major of the poisoning foods were vegetable salad and cooked meat products which were not heated thoroughly. 03 : K6 was the predominant serotypes of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains (50.0% ). Most strains showed resistance to ampicillin (61.5%), ticarcillin (50.0%) and cefazolin (42. 3% ). [Conclusion] It is important to control food poisoning caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus of 03 : K6 serotypes. The rational administration should be applied in the treatment of related disease.%目的 了解深圳市福田区副溶血性弧菌食物中毒的流行病学特征,为该类食物中毒的预防控制提供依据.方法 查阅2007年以来副溶血性弧菌食物中毒的档案资料,副溶血性弧菌食物中毒样品的分离根据国标GB/T 4789.7 - 2003进行,用GNID革兰阴性菌鉴定板进行生化鉴定,用血清玻片凝集实验进行血清学分型,用法国梅里埃ATB Fungs酵母菌药敏反应板进行药敏实验.结果 副溶血性弧菌食物中毒主要发生在8、9月,中毒食物以凉拌菜和未彻底加热的熟肉食品为主.血清型主要以03∶K6型为主,占50.0%.副溶血性弧菌对氨苄西林(AMP)、替卡西林(TIC)、头孢唑啉(KZ)的耐药率分别为61.5%、50.0%和42.3%.结论 要重点防制03∶K6型副溶血性弧菌食物中毒,在治疗时应合理用药.

  2. Jixi:A Promising Eco-Tourism City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    LOCATED in southeastern Heilongjiang Province and bordering Russia to the east, Jixi City administerssix districts and the three county-level cities of Jidong, Hulin and Mishan. Within its boundary is Xingkai Lake with all its natural wonders, and the city has worked hard to build on this elemental advantage, and become a unique eco-tourism destination.

  3. Investigation on health related behaviors among adolescents in Liwan District, Guangzhou City%广州市荔湾区青少年健康相关行为现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘淑贤; 张万方

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand current situation of adolescents' health-risky behaviors in Liwan District, Guangzhou City, to provide evidence for school' s health education and decision-making. Methods In November 2008, with the logic of stratified cluster sampling, we randomly selected students from 5 middle and high schools of Liwan for collective survey, by applying " China youth health-related behavior survey questionnaire" provided by China Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Results Totally 664 students were investigated (311 male, 353 female; 274 middle school students, 390 high school students) . In the past 7 days, 74. 8% (497/664) of students ate breakfast daily; 30. 1% (200/664) had the phenomenon of diet favoritism; 32. 1% (213/664) had self-opinion of overweight; 31.5% (209/664) kept diet or rejected meat food for weight control. The rates were averagely greater in girls than those in boys (P 1 h was 3. 6 days. In the past one month, 56. 3% (374/664) of the students had the behavior of walking in violation of pedestrian traffic regulations. In the past 12 months, 8.6% (57/664) of students had intended on self injuries; 13. 1% (87/664) of students had tendency of suicide; 22. 3% ( 148/664) students had history of cigarette smoking and 61. 6% (409/664) had alcohol consuming experience. In the past 7 days,43. 8% (291/664) of students play computer > 2 h / d ;20.0% (133/664) of students play video games > 4h/d;19.9% of students have gambling experience. In the past 12 months, 14. 3% (95/664) of the students had read books or multimedia products with pornographic contents, The average percentages of the risk behaviors above were higher in high school than that in middle school, and higher in boy students than that in girl students (all P < 0.01). Conclusion Health risk behavior issue was widespread and prominent among adolescents in Li-wan District. It is necessary to launch corresponding health-promoted activities by training and coaching on life skills

  4. 2010年某区城乡居民膳食营养状况的分析%Contamination of Foodborne Pathogens in Directly Edible Food in Fengtai District of A City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯月明; 肖贵勇; 王佳佳; 安军静

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解北京市丰台区居民膳食营养状况,为开展营养改善和合理膳食指导工作提供科学依据。方法采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样的方法,2010年8月至2010年10月在丰台区抽取6个居委会180户居民共计595人,采用连续3天24小时膳食回顾法与调味品称重法相结合的方法进行膳食调查。计算每标准人日营养素摄入量,并与2002年的营养调查资料进行比较分析。结果2010年北京市丰台区居民蛋白质、脂肪、碳水化合物的供能比分别为12.7%,35.4%,51.9%,膳食结构不尽合理;居民每标准人日能量、蛋白质、脂肪摄入量分别为1954.4kcal、61.7g、77.4g,维生素A、硫胺素、核黄素、烟酸、维生素C、维生素E摄入量分别为415.3μgRE、0.8mg、0.8mg、12.8mg、74.3mg和31.5mg,钠、钙、铁和锌摄入量分别为5576.7、409.6、22.1和9.7mg;除维生素E、钠和铁的摄入量达到或超过RNI/AI推荐水平外,其他营养素摄入量均低于推荐水平。膳食营养素摄入状况较2002年有降低趋势。结论丰台区居民宏量营养素供能比例不合理,绝大部分维生素、矿物质摄入不足,应制定相应的干预措施,控制和预防营养相关疾病的发生。%Objective To study the status of diet and nourishment pattern among residents in fengtai District of Beijing City and provide scientiifc evidence for nutrition improvement and reasonable dietary guidance.Methods Total of 595 residents of 6 committees 180 households in Fengtai District of Beijing were interviewed during August 2010 to October, and a multi-stage cluster sampling strategy was used. A 24 -hour dietary recall method with condiments weighing method were chosen to collect all food intake information for 3 consecutive days. Calculate each standard man-day nutrition intake. The data were compared to the previous nutrition surveys done in 2002.Results The percentage of calories was 12.7% from

  5. Image city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2003-01-01

    Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities.......Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities....

  6. Haidian District:Beijing’s ‘Smart Reservoir’

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Located in the northwest of Beijing,Haidian District has residents from all 56 ethnic groups in China, making it the most ethnically diverse area of Beijing. In June 1954, Haidian, the name of an administrative district, officially appeared on the map. Over the last 20 years, the area has developed from an outskirt of the city into a modern district with science and technology,educa- tion and culture as its core industries. Zhongguancun is a very famous place in Haidian District,which is renowned as the"Silicon

  7. Expansion of district heating in Munich; Fernwaermeausbau in Muenchen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prein, Thomas [SWM Services GmbH, Muenchen (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    For some time the population of Munich (Federal Republic of Germany) is growing. However, the residential areas within the existing boundaries of the city is limited. The demand for living area is very high and results in a compact building construction. In the western region of Munich the new district Freiham is developed for about 20,000 people, commerce and trade. The public utility Munich have decided to realize the heat supply of this new district by means of district heating. This requires not only a new district heating network, but also a new power plant.

  8. 北京市房山区中学生烟草使用行为的影响因素%Influencing factors of tobacco use behavior among students in Fangshan District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘天军

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the tobacco use behavior among students in Fangshan District of Beijing City, and provide scientific evidence for developing effective control measures. [Methods]Two phase stratified cluster random sampling method and the" Tobacco Surveillance Questionnaire for School Population of Beijing City ( middle school students ) " provided by the Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention were adopted to investigate 757 students of 24 classes in 8 middle schools. [ Results] The smoking rate of middle school students was 3.7%. Only 55.6% of the students knew that" smoking is harmful to health whether smoke was inhaled into the lungs or not, " ;74.1% of smoking students knew" occasional smoking was harmful to health " ;37% smoking students thought " smoking was independent performance" ; 33. 3% students thpught that " smoking was cool and awesome" ; 88.9% smoking students' parents also smoke; 92.6% students' family members smoke in front of them; 92.6% smoking students recognized even the best students were smoking; 66. 7% smoking students saw smoking scenes in movies and TV. [Conclusion]The causes and influencing factors of middle school students smoking are personal factors, peer influence, adult advertised role and social atmosphere, etc. The widespread phenomenon of smoking in family, school and society has great impact on youth smoking. Therefore, the youth tobacco control should implement from family, school, society and other aspects.%目的 了解北京市房山区中学生烟草使用行为的影响因素,为制定有效的控烟措施提供科学依据.方法 采取二阶段分层整群随机抽样法,采用北京市疾病预防控制中心提供的“北京市学校人群烟草监测调查问卷(中学生)”,对全区8所中学24个班级757名学生进行问卷调查.结果 中学生吸烟率为3.7%.仅有55.6%的吸烟中学生知道“吸烟时不将烟雾吸入肺中,也会危害健康”、74.1%的吸烟中学生知道

  9. Evaluation of Cardiovascular Risk Scores Applied to NASA's Astronant Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, I.; Charvat, J. M.; VanBaalen, M.; Lee, L.; Wear, M. L.

    2014-01-01

    In an effort to improve cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction, this analysis evaluates and compares the applicability of multiple CVD risk scores to the NASA Astronaut Corps which is extremely healthy at selection.

  10. Information, Vol. 1, Number 4. Teacher Corps Dissemination Project Bulletin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenau, Fred S., Ed.

    Guidelines are provided for disseminating information on teacher corps projects. Information is given on experienced disseminators such as existing networks that are available to help in planning. Suggestions are made on targeting information and marketing. (JD)

  11. Letter from Army Corps of Engineers [Havasu National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is a letter from the Army Corps of Engineers to the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife. It confirms that the proposed wilderness designation does not...

  12. Hamilton : the electric city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The City of Hamilton has launched an extensive energy planning exercise that examines the possibility of steep increases in oil and natural gas prices. This report examined and illustrated the issue of oil and gas price points. The report also examined and presented the city's role in an era of energy constraints, focusing on the city's transit system and its vehicle fleet. In addition, in response to City Council's direction, the report presented the aerotropolis proposal and discussed freight transport issues. Specific topics of discussion included oil and natural gas prospects; prospects for high oil and natural gas prices; impacts of fuel price increases; strategic planning objectives for energy constraints; reducing energy use by Hamilton's transport and in buildings; and land-use planning for energy constraints. Energy production opportunities involve the use of solar energy; wind energy; deep lake water cooling (DLWC); hydro-electric power; energy from waste; biogas production; district energy; and local food production. Economic and social development through preparing for energy constraints and matters raised by city council were also presented. The report also demonstrated how an energy-based strategy could be paid for and its components approved. The next steps for Hamilton were also identified. refs., tabs., figs

  13. Du corps au corps de ballet : l'exemple des danseuses de music-hall

    OpenAIRE

    Fourmaux, Francine

    1997-01-01

    A partir de l'examen de la mise en scène des corps des danseuses(maquillage, ornementation, chorégraphie), dans les revues de plusieurs music-halls parisiens (Folies Bergère, Paradis Latin, Moulin Rouge, Lido), durant les années 1990, une interprétation de ces spectacles est proposée en termes de dépense ostentatoire, de production et de consommation industrielle (anonymat, démultiplication, uniformisation), mais aussi de valeurs idéologiques et politiques issues de la Troisième République (s...

  14. 徐州市云龙区2006~2010年5岁以下儿童死亡分析%Analysis on death of children under five years old in Yunlong district of Xuzhou city from 2006 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周红梅

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解徐州市云龙区5岁以下儿童死亡的变化趋势及死亡原因,并制定合理的干预措施.方法:对2006~2010年徐州市云龙区5岁以下儿童死亡监测资料进行统计分析.结果:徐州市云龙区2010年5岁以下儿童死亡率7.54%,与2006年相比具有明显的下降趋势.前5位死因主要为:早产和出生低体重、出生窒息、肺炎、意外窒息、先天异常.结论:要降低5岁以下儿童死亡率,关键是降低婴儿死亡率,特别是新生儿死亡率,应加强孕产期和儿童保健工作,预防早产,积极推广窒息复苏技术,提高基层妇幼保健人员的综合服务能力,做到早发现、早就医,才能最大限度地降低5岁以下儿童死亡率.%Objective; To understand the change trend and causes of death of children under five years old in Yunlong district of Xuzhou city, and develop reasonable intervention measures. Methods: The monitoring data of death of children under five years old in Yunlong district of Xuzhou city from 2006 to 2010 were analyzed statistically. Results: The mortality of children under five years old in Yunlong district of Xuzhou city in 2010 was 7. 54‰, showing a significant decreasing trend compared with the mortality in 2006. The top five causes of death of children included premature delivery and low birth weight, birth asphyxia, pneumonia, accidental suffocation, and congenital a-nomalies. Conclusion: To reduce the mortality of children under 5 years old, the key points are to reduce the mortality of infants, especially neonatal mortality; the measures to reduce the mortality of children under 5 years old to the greatest extent include enhancing maternal and child health, preventing premature delivery, popularizing resuscitation techniques actively, improving the comprehensive service capability of basic maternal and child health staff, and early detection and early medical care.

  15. Investigation and analysis of reasons for the dentition deficiency among 65~74 years old people in Wuhai city Wuda District%乌海市乌达区65~74岁老年人牙列缺失情况的调查及原因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿庆华

    2014-01-01

    To investigate the dentition deficiency of 65~74 years old people in Wuda District of Wuhai City, provide the basis for the region to carry out health care for elderly people. Methods: according to the sample survey of the third national oral health epidemiological criteria, three communities in Wuda District of Wuhai city, 289 elderly people aged 65~74 conducted a sample survey of medical history inquiry and oral examination. Results: 65~74 year old elderly edentulous rate was 94.5%, only 5.5% of the elderly without missing dentition, teeth loss rate had no significant difference (P>0.05) between men and women. Conclusion: 65~74 years old people live in Wuhai city Wuda District edentulous situation is not optimistic, we should strengthen the oral health education, improve the awareness of oral health care of the elderly.%目的:了解乌海市乌达区65~74岁老年人群牙列缺失状况,为本地区开展老年口腔卫生保健工作提供依据。方法按照第三次全国口腔健康流行病学抽样调查的标准,对乌海市乌达区三个社区的的289名65~74岁的老年人进行抽样调查进行病史问询和口腔检查。结果65~74岁老年人牙列缺失率为94.5%,仅有5.5%的老年人没有牙列缺失,牙列缺失率在男女间无显著性差异(P>0.05)。结论乌海市乌达区65~74岁老年人的牙列缺失状况不容乐观,我们应当加强口腔卫生宣教,提高老年人的口腔保健意识。

  16. City PLANTastic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The city is going green. From New York to Copenhagen vegetables are enthusiastically planted on city squares, and buildings are turning green everywhere . The word “plant” is on everyone’s lips, reflecting a growing desire to solve ecological, technical and social challenges in the city. Hovever......, any attempt to create a green city is motivated by certain ecological, political and esthetical perspectives. Therefore the role of plants in tomorrows cities is everything but straightforward. Rather, a broad range of possibilities unfolds. City PLANTastic is the title of the 8th World in Denmark...

  17. CITY IMAGE AND URBAN IDENTITY AS A PREREQUISITE FOR CITY DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Kotāne, Inta

    2010-01-01

    City environment or urban environment is a complex social, economic and biophysical system, which emerged as a result of the human-nature interaction. Urban development issues, the city image and urban identity exploration in Latvia have become a key subject in times of economic globalisation as well as determination of city and district development direction and priorities for urban development programs is also the reason for such an interest. The article deals with the research on the theor...

  18. Fire and EMS Districts, This data is being developed as a joint venture between the City of Yuma, Yuma County and all other municipalities within Yuma County, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, City of Yuma.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Fire and EMS Districts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2010. It is described as 'This...

  19. 2008-2012年深圳市宝安区其他感染性腹泻流行病学特征%Epidemiological Characteristics of Infectious diarrhea other than CDTP in Baoan District of Shenzhen City from 2008-2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周小涛; 熊田甜; 朱奕; 马智超; 陈兵; 吴泰顺

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解深圳市宝安区2008-2012年其他感染性腹泻流行病学概况,探讨宝安区其他感染性腹泻防制策略.方法 收集深圳市宝安区2008-2012年疫情网络上报的所有其他感染性腹泻病例和期间的暴发疫情,进行描述性分析.结果 2008-2012年深圳市宝安区共报告其他感染性腹泻病例49 709例,年发病人数的范围为7 296~12 913人,发病呈上升趋势.发病时间主要集中在10、11、12月份;在儿童患者中,主要以散居儿童为主,各年所占比例均达到87%以上;成人患者主要以工人为主,各年所占比例均在65%左右;发病率最高的是石岩街道(254.92/10万);实验室诊断病例占总报告病例数的96.3%,轮状病毒感染病例在实验室诊断病例中占96.99%;引起该地较大暴发疫情的是诺如病毒感染性腹泻.结论 深圳市宝安区其他感染性腹泻发病主要以5岁以下儿童为主(尤其是散居儿童),秋冬季是其发病高峰,轮状病毒是该病的主要病原体.%[Objective] To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of infectious diarrhea other than cholera,dysentery,typhoid and paratyphoid (CDTP) in Baoan District of Shenzhen City from 2008-2012,explore relative measures for preventing and controlling infectious diarrhea other than CDTP.[Methods] All cases and outbreaks of infectious diarrhea other than CDTP occurred in Baoan District from 2008 to 2012 reported by epidemic network report system were collected,and then analyzed by a descriptive research method.[Results]49 546 cases of infectious diarrhea other than CDTP were reported in Baoan District of Shenzhen City during the period of 2008-2012,the annual case number ranged from 7 296 to 12 916,and the incidence rate showed a rising trend.The peak season was October to December.The proportions of scattered children in children cases of each year were all more than 87%,and the workers accounted for about 65% of adult cases of each year

  20. US Foreign Policy and Aid to the Peace Corps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald D.A. Schaefer

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This study examined foreign aid as administered by the US Agency for International Development (USAID through four presidencies, beginning with the Reagan era. Aid dispensed to the Peace Corps for humanitarian purposes was the major focus of the investigation. The research proposed that such aid should continue under the President Barack Obama administration. Approach: The approach taken used both qualitative analyses of the four administrations along with quantitative analyses of the data from USAID. Results: The findings indicated that, while many forms of economic and military assistance had been both used and abused throughout much of American history, the Peace Corps created under President John F. Kennedy presented an exception. However, the Peace Corps had received both benefit and harm as a beneficiary of US foreign aid due to fluctuating economic realities associated with the federal budget. President Reagan was a strong supporter of the Peace Corps; yet, it was “under his watch” that the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Deficit Reduction Act of 1985 was passed, which negatively influenced nearly all forms of economic and military assistance distributed through USAID. Starting with President Clinton’s second term funding for USAID dramatically increased. Conclusion: The Peace Corps was not immune to the adverse effects, but funding also increased under President Clinton. From this time onward, the Peace Corps has enjoyed a high level of political and financial support, a scenario that deserves to be continued under President Obama. This study can help future analyses of the US presidential responses to the giving of assistance to the Peace Corps.

  1. 南宁市江南区流动儿童的保健状况%Status of health care among floating children in Jiangnan District of Nanning City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦雪香

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective] To understand the status of health care among floating children in jiangnan District of Nanning City, find out the problems, and provide a scientific basis for improvement of health care among floating children. [Methods] By using cluster sampling, 835 three year-old floating children were selected from children who received the health examination in Child Health Clinic of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2009 to December 2011. According to 1 : 1 matching principle, 835 three year-old local children were randomly sampled. The data of system management of two groups were collected from the Childrens health information platform, and the status of physical development and nutrition-related diseases were analyzed. [ResultsjThe rate of system management in floating children and local children was 48. 1% and 92. 0% respectively, and the . difference was statistically significant (P<0. 01). The incidence rates of low body weight and growth retardation in floating children were significantly higher than those in local children (P<0. 05). The incidence rates of nutritional anemia and rickets in floating children were significantly higher than those in local children (P<0. 01. P<0. 05). [ Conclusion]The status of health care among floating children is not good. It is important to energetically develop health education among floating population, strengthen the children health care, improve the current management mode of health care, so as to provide equal health care services for floating children, which are the important measures of improvement of health care in floating children.%目的 了解南宁市江南区流动人口儿童的卫生保健状况,找出存在的问题,为改善流动人口中的儿童保健提供科学依据.方法 2009年1月-2011年12月来广西医科大学第三附属医院儿保门诊健康检查的满3周岁的儿童,采用整群抽样的方法抽出所有满3周岁的流动儿童835人

  2. 温州市龙湾区流动儿童国家免疫规划疫苗接种状况%Vaccination status for national immunization program among migrant children in Longwan District of Wenzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱珠英; 王晓红; 叶芳; 朱培茜

    2013-01-01

    [目的]了解温州市龙湾区流动儿童国家免疫规划( national immunization program ,NIP)疫苗免疫接种状况,探讨影响流动儿童接种率的因素。[方法]采用PPS抽样方法,抽取30个行政村(居委会),对2009-2011年出生的366名流动儿童,入户调查NIP疫苗免疫接种状况。[结果]流动儿童建预防接种卡率为92.90%,建预防接种证率为99.73%,1剂卡介苗( BCG)、3剂口服脊髓灰质炎减毒活疫苗( OPV)、3剂白喉-破伤风-百日咳联合疫苗(DTP)、1剂含麻疹成分疫苗(MCV)、3剂乙型肝炎疫苗(HepB)(以上简称五苗)、1剂流行性乙型脑炎疫苗(JEV)、2剂脑膜炎球菌多糖疫苗(MPV)和甲型肝炎疫苗(HepA)基础免疫(初种)接种率,分别为98.09%、95.08%、92.90%、91.53%、95.36%、65.30%、74.74%和61.34%,HepB首针及时接种率为88.52%,BCG疤痕率为96.58%,五苗全程接种率为81.97%;MCV复种接种率为78.87%,DTP、JEV加强免疫接种率分别为68.04%、57.95%。不合格接种发生率为1.91%~42.05%,HepA最高,BCG最低。[结论] BCG、OPV、DTP、MCV、HepB基础免疫(初种)接种率均>90%,其加强免疫(复种)和JEV、MPV、HepA接种率较低,是目前流动儿童管理的薄弱环节。超期接种、未接种或未全程接种是不合格接种的主要原因。%To investigate the status on vaccination for National Immunization Program ( NIP) among migrant children in Longwan District of Wenzhou City , and to explore the factors that influ-enced the vaccination rate in migrant children . [ Methods] By using PPS sampling method , a series of 366 migrant children who were born from January 1, 2009 to December 31,2011 were investigated for NIP vaccine immunization status by household visit in 30 towns. [ Results] The percentage of migrant chil-dren with vaccination card and

  3. Evaluation of effect of maternal health management in migrant population in Futian district of Shenzhen city%深圳市福田区外来人口孕妇健康管理效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯楚真; 段琪; 苏景玫; 何倩; 赵勤; 周志衡

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨社区健康管理模式对深圳市福田区外来人口孕妇管理的效果.方法:选择2009年6月~2011年6月来该院产前检查的外来人口孕妇,将其中自愿参加的1500例孕妇作为研究对象,开展社区健康管理,跟踪随访到产前一周,比较健康管理前后的孕产妇孕产保健的相关知识、态度、行为和生活质量的变化情况.结果:在管理前,外来人员孕产保健相关知识知晓情况较低,其中产褥期保健知识的知晓率(占17.6%)、早产流产预防知晓率(18.0%)和孕妇饮食的知晓率(22.5%)最低;仅69.7%的孕产妇愿意参与健康教育活动,有9.0%的孕产妇希望在家分娩,有29.196的孕妇主动获取孕期相关知识,有74.8%的孕妇有定期随访.经健康管理后,孕妇各项知晓率均高于85.0%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),孕产保健相关态度和行为得到明显的改善,孕妇的生理职能、活力、情感职能、精神健康、社会功能和总体健康得分均明显提高,而躯体疼痛得分下降,管理前后有统计学差异(P<0.05).结论:社区健康管理模式应用于外来人口孕妇管理效果满意,值得推广.%Objective:To explore the effect of community health management mode on maternal management in migrant population in Futian district of Shenzhen city. Methods: The migrant pregnant women who went to the hospital from June 2009 to June 2011 for prenatal examination were selected, then 1 500 pregnant women were selected as study objects voluntarily, community health management was conducted, and the pregnant women were followed up until one week before delivery, the changes of related knowledge, attitude, behavior, and quality of life of maternal health care in the pregnant women before and after health management were compared. Results: Before health management, the awareness rate of related knowledge of maternal health in the migrant population was low, the awareness rates of health

  4. 唐山市丰润区0~6岁儿童睡眠状况及影响因素分析%Analysis on the sleep status and effect factors of the children aged 0~6 years old in Fengrun district of Tangshan city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛玲; 刘瑞庚; 庞淑兰; 张翠敏; 刘俊娇

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To understand the sleep status and effect factors of the children aged 0 ~ 6 years old in Fengrun district of Tangshan city, provide a basis for carrying out sleep health education among children. Methods: Cluster sampling method was used to select 831 children aged 0 ~6 yeas from Fengrun district of Tangshan city as objects investigated, their parents were asked to fill a questionnaire about sleep status of children to understand the epidemiological features and effect factors of children's sleep problems. Results: The total detection rate of sleep problems of children aged 0 ~6 yeas in Fengrun district of Tangshan city was 22. 3% ( 185/831 ), the detection rates of sleep problems of boys and girls were 23.1% ( 102/441 ) and 21.3% (83/390), respectively, there was no significant difference between boys and girls ( P > 0.05), there was significant difference in detection rate of sleep problems among children of different age groups ( p <0.05 ), the detection rate of sleep problems of children in 2 ~ 5 years old group was high. The first three symptoms related to sleep problems were hyperhidrosis at night ( 8.7% ), dysphylaxia (4.2% ) and snore ( 3.7% ) . Multiple factor regression analysis indicated that the risk factors of children's sleep disorder were maternal anxiety, sleep disorder of fathers, having cold, snoring history of fathers and difficult type temperament of children. Conclusion: The children aged 0 ~6 years old in Fengrun district of Tangshan city have a certain sleep problems,which should be paid more attention to.%目的:了解唐山市丰润区0~6岁儿童睡眠状况及其影响因素,为开展儿童睡眠健康教育提供参考依据.方法:采取整群抽样的方法,抽取唐山市丰润区0~6岁儿童831例,由其父母填写儿童睡眠状况调查问卷,了解儿童睡眠问题的流行病学特征及影响因素.结果:唐山市丰润区0~6岁儿童睡眠问题总检出率为22.3%(185/831),其中

  5. Main Cultivation Techniques of New Corn Variety Weike 702 in High Yield Creation in Suiyang District of Shangqiu City%玉米新品种伟科702在商丘市睢阳区高产创建中的主要栽培技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王德珍; 卢广远

    2015-01-01

    Technology roadmap of high yield create for new corn variety Weike 702 in Suiyang District of Shangqiu City was introduced,and the main cultivation techniques were summarized,including mechanized single particle precision planting technique,chemical regulation technology,delayed harvest technology etc.,so as to provide technical basis for high yield create of corn in Henan Province.%介绍了玉米新品种伟科702在商丘市睢阳区高产创建的技术路线,并总结了主要栽培技术,如机械化单粒精播技术、化学调控技术、延时晚收技术等,为河南省玉米高产创建提供技术依据。

  6. 合肥市包河区老年人体育健身动机和消费情况的调查研究%An Investigation And Research On The Physical Exercise Motivation And Related Consumption Of Senior Citizens In Baohe District,Hefei City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    娄旭; 项前进; 邢云

    2012-01-01

    The present paper investigates and discusses the exercise motivation and related consumption of senior citizens in Baohe District,Hefei City,by means of literature and stuff method and questionnaire.The study shows that they participate in exercises in order to build up their bodies and their consumption involves sport magazines and fitness instruments.%采用文献资料法、问卷调查法等研究方法对合肥市包河区老年人参与体育健身动机、体育消费情况展开调查研究。调查结果表明,老年人参与健身活动的动机主要是增强体质,体育消费主要用于体育类书刊和健身器材等方面。

  7. Beer City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Shandong Province’s Qingdao is becoming China’s great beer city sicenically located on a peninsula over-looking the Pacific Ocean, Qingdao, |or Tsingtao, is a coastal city soaked in two kinds of foam. One floats in

  8. 76 FR 27738 - Order of Suspension of Trading; In the Matter of Diversified Investors Corp. (n/k/a Diverse...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-12

    ... COMMISSION Order of Suspension of Trading; In the Matter of Diversified Investors Corp. (n/k/a Diverse Holdings Corp.), Drew Resources (n/k/a Galloway Energy, Inc.), DTI Medical Corp., DTLL, Inc. (n/k/a... Diversified Investors Corp. (n/k/a Diverse Holdings Corp.) because it has not filed any periodic reports...

  9. Ideal Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Meitner, Erika

    2012-01-01

    Erika Meitner discusses her new book: Ideal Cities. This collection of autobiographical narrative and lyric poems explores the relationship between body and place—specifically the pleasures and dangers of women’s corporeal experiences. Ideal Cities is guided by an epigraph from Song of Songs, and the metaphorical idea of bodies as cities, and cities as bodies. How do women’s bodies become sites of inscription via sex, childbirth, and other highly physical acts? These poems also investigate ur...

  10. 山西省大同市新荣区白山村石墨矿床特征浅析%Analysis of Datong City, Shanxi Xinrong District the White Village graphite deposit characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于磊

    2012-01-01

      Expounded Datong Xinrong District the White Village graphite mine geology and deposit characteristics, and analysis of the causes of the mine deposits.%  阐述了大同市新荣区白山村石墨矿的地质概况及矿床特征,并对该矿矿床成因进行了分析。

  11. 常州市钟楼区免疫规划工作现状、问题及对策探讨%Discussion on primary immunization status of planning,Problems and countermeasures in Zhonglou district of Changzhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周维

    2015-01-01

    全面实施扩大国家免疫规划以来,国家对免疫规划工作越来越重视,钟楼区免疫规划工作也越来越规范。但是工作中存在一些问题,如免疫规划工作人员少,流动儿童管理难度大等,仍然影响着钟楼区免疫规划工作的开展。本文详细分析了钟楼区现阶段儿童免疫规划工作的现状及存在问题,并对解决的对策进行了探讨,以加强对钟楼区免疫规划工作的管理,使免疫规划工作科学、规范、健康发展。%Since the full implementation of the Expanded Program on immunization,the country is attaching more and more imG portance to the immunization and the immunization planning in Zhonglou District is becoming more and more standardized.However, some problems exist in the work,including the shortage of the immunization planning staff,difficulty in managing the migrant children,and they still impact the immunization in the Zhonglou district.This paper makes a detailed analysis on the current status and existing problems in the child immunization in the Zhonglou district at the present stage and discusses the countermeasures so as to strengthen the management of the immunization in Zhonglou district and make the immunization develop in a scientific,standardized and healthy way.

  12. Sin City?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svarer, Michael; Gautier, Pieter A.; Teulings, Coen n.

    , the ones who stay in the city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who married outside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. This correlation can be explained by both a causal and a sorting effect. We disentangle them by using the timing...

  13. The Wancheng City and Countryside Integrated Construction under the Background of Removing County to District%撤县改区背景下望城的城乡一体化建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周勇

    2012-01-01

    近年来我国"撤县(市)设区"行政区划调整越来越多。其主要目的是促进中心城市规模,理顺中心城市与周边县市之间的关系。然而,调整也带来了许多消极影响。望城县撤县改区后,正式成为长沙市的第六区,机遇与挑战并存,作者认为,需要从基础设施建设、政策对接、资源优势挖潜及建立科学、合理的城市协调发展机制,加强区域规划的编制和实施等方面,处理好新形势下望城区的城乡一体化建设。%In recent years our country design the county to city area more and more .Its main purpose is promotes the key city scale, the straightening out key city and between the peripheral county city relations.However, the adjustment has also brought many negative effects.After Wangcheng County removes the county to change the area, becomes Changsha's sixth area officially, the opportunity and challenge coexisting, the author believed, needs from the infrastructure construction, policy docking, resources superiority tapping latent potentialities and the establishment scientific, the reasonable city coordinated development mechanism, strengthens aspects and so on regional planning establishment and implementation, processes under the good new situation the Wangcheng area city and countryside integration construction.

  14. Mercury concentration and its distribution in Nycticorax nycticorax and Chinese Ardeola bacchus fledglings at Huangpu District of Guangzhou City, China%广州黄埔区夜鹭和池鹭体内汞浓度和分布特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹发生; 杨琼芳; 李艳红; 崔昆燕

    2005-01-01

    In this study, live fledglings of Nycticorar nycticorax and Ardeola bacchus at the Huangpu District of Guangzhou City were collected, and their primary feather, breast feather, tail feather, liver, chest muscle and egg shell were sampled for mercury determination. The results showed that these two heron species had a very similar distribution pattern of mercury concentration in their tissues and organs, i. e., tail feather > breast and primary feather> liver > chest muscle > egg shell. Ardeola bacchus had higher levels of mercury in all its tissues than Nycticorax nycticorax. There were significant interspeeifie differences in mercury level for breast feather and primary feather. Because the collection of breast feather is easier and not harmful to birds, it is better to use it rather than primary or tail feather to monitor environmental pollution. The mercury level in breast feather was ten times higher than that in liver, lower than that in tail feather, but not significantly different to that in primary feather.The mercury concentrations in the tissues of Nycticorax nycticorax and Ardeola bacchus from Huangpu District of Guangzhou were similar to those from the suburbs of Chengdu, Siehuan Province, but lower than those from Taihu Lake, Jiangsu Province and higher than those from Hong Kong.

  15. Leader development transformation in the Army Nurse Corps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funari, Tamara S; Ford, Kathleen; Schoneboom, Bruce A

    2011-01-01

    The Army Nurse (AN) Corps is undergoing a historic transformation. Under the leadership of its Chief, MG Patricia Horoho, the Corps developed and implemented the AN Campaign Plan to insure that the Corps has the right capability and capacity to meet the current and future needs of the US Army. This article describes the work conducted by the AN Corps Leadership Imperative Action Team (Leader IAT) to develop full-spectrum leaders for the future. The mission of the Leader IAT is derived from both the AN Campaign plan as well as the operational objectives defined in the AN balanced scorecard. As a result of the analysis conducted during preparation of the AN Campaign Plan, several key gaps were identified regarding the Army Nurse Corps' ability to match leadership talents with the diverse demands of current missions, as well as its adaptability and flexibility to be prepared for unknown future missions. This article also introduces the Leadership Capability Map and other initiatives implemented to ensure the development of full-spectrum leaders who will be effective in the future military healthcare environment. PMID:22124868

  16. California Political Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This is a series of district layers pertaining to California'spolitical districts, that are derived from the California State Senateand State Assembly information....

  17. Private Water Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Private Water District boundaries are areas where private contracts provide water to the district in California. This database is designed as a regions polygon...

  18. National Register Historic Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — The National Register Historic District layer is a shape file showing the boundaries of Historic Districts that are listed on the National Register of Historic...

  19. R9 Air Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Region 9 Air Districts layer is a compilation of polygons representing the California Air Pollution Control and Air Quality Management Districts, Arizona Air...

  20. State Water Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — State Water Project District boundaries are areas where state contracts provide water to the district in California. This database is designed as a regions polygon...

  1. Texas Disaster Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — A polygon shapefile of the 24 Disaster Districts in Texas. Disaster districts are emergency operation areas created by Executive Order from the Governor's Office....

  2. Legislative Districts - 1990

    Data.gov (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — Each coverage contains a COVER-ID field that defines the House or Senate district number. Kansas House and Senate districts were created by the Legislative Research...

  3. 2007 US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Jacksonville District US Virgin Islands LiDAR

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) bare-earth classified LAS dataset is a topographic survey conducted for the USACE USVI LiDAR Project. These data were...

  4. 2010 US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Portland District Columbia River Lidar

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Columbia River Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) survey project was a collaborative effort to develop detailed high density LiDAR terrain data for the US Army...

  5. District nursing in Dominica

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolkman, PME; Luteijn, AJ; Nasiiro, RS; Bruney, [No Value; Smith, RJA; Meyboom-de Jong, B

    1998-01-01

    District nurses constitute the basis of the primary health care services in Dominica. All encounters of three district nurses were registered using the international classification of primary care. Information on other aspects of district nursing was collected by participating observation and the us

  6. Corps of Engineers applications for remote sensing of the environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurtz, M. K., Jr.; Jarman, J. W.

    1977-01-01

    An objective overview is presented of the application of remote sensing technology in the Corps of Engineers. Examples are given of attempts to use the current state of the art to achieve particular disciplinary or mission oriented goals. The Corps, presently engaged in both research and development and technology transfer, has encountered some interesting situations. Practical operational utilization depends not only on technology, but also economic benefit/cost factors and some unprecedented legal, political, and social issues. Yet, at a time when increased agency commitment to operational usage is being sought, an assessment of the state of the art reveals that sensor technology, data processing and analysis, and models still require further development. There is a challenge in synchronizing technology push with the demand pull of dimly perceived user needs. They should complement each other rather than oppose. The goal is to use the combined push-pull effect to lead to increased productivity and responsiveness by the Corps.

  7. 北京市石景山区中学生吸烟行为流行现状及相关因素分析%Survey on the pevalence and the ifluencing fctors of crrent smoking among midlle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高荷蕊; 史平; 王丹

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the prevalence and the influencing factors of smoking among middle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City, and to provide bases for smoking cessation programs among students. Methods 1252 students were investigated by using " Health-related Risk Behaviors Inventory for Chinese Adolescents" , with a cluster random sample from 6 middle schools by typical sampling technology in Shijingshan District The prevalence of smoking was described and related factors were assessed by single factor analysis and non-conditional logistic regression analysis. Results Among the middle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City, smoking rate was 9. 71%. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the influencing factors of smoking were sex, age, maternal education background, learning achievement, the time of playing video games over 4 hours a day, fighting, heavy alcohol consumption, et aL Conclusion The smoking rate among the middle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City is lower than nationwide adolescents' in 2005 and themselves' in 2002, but is still higher than that of other domestic reportages. So the smoking among middle school students should be emphasized, and early scientific and sound measures should be taken to prevent smoking. Especially, the influencing factors of smoking among middle school students should be intervened weightily.%目的 了解北京市石景山区中学生的吸烟行为流行状况及其相关因素,为在中学生中开展控烟干预活动提供依据.方法 采用典型抽样方法,抽取石景山区6所中学,各学校再以班级为单位进行整群随机抽样,抽取若干班级,对所抽取班级的全体学生共计1252人进行调查.描述中学生的吸烟行为流行状况,采用单因素和非条件Logistic回归分析进行相关因素分析.结果 北京市石景山区中学生吸烟率为9.71%.Logistic回归分析显示影响中学生吸烟行为的因素有性

  8. Analysis on death causes of children under 5 years old in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city from 2005 to 2010%2005~2010年兰州市城关区5岁以下儿童死因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马铭; 张淑文; 胡晓婷; 李坚

    2013-01-01

    目的:分析兰州市城关区2005~2010年5岁以下儿童死亡情况及主要死亡原因,为降低兰州市5岁以下儿童死亡率提供依据.方法:按照《中国5岁以下儿童死亡监测方案》,对2005~2010年兰州市城关区447例5岁以下儿童死亡情况进行分析.结果:2005年~2010年兰州市城关区活产数为55 868例,新生儿死亡356例,婴儿死亡408例,5岁以下儿童死亡447例,死亡率分别为6.37‰、7.30‰、8.00‰.5岁以下儿童死亡率呈下降趋势,死亡率最高和最低的年份分别为2007年和2010年.兰州市城关区5岁以下儿童死因顺位前三位依次是新生儿窒息、早产(低出生体重)、其他新生儿疾病.结论:城关区5岁以下儿童死亡仍以新生儿和婴儿死亡为主,积极做好孕期和儿童保健宣传工作,提高保健意识及质量,是降低新生儿和婴儿死亡率,最终减少5岁以下儿童死亡率的关键.%Objective: To analyze the death status and main death causes of children under five years old in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city from 2005 to 2010, and provide a basis for reducing mortality of children under five years old. Methods: According to China death monitoring program of children under five years, the death status of 447 children under five years old in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city from 2005 to 2010 was analyzed. Results: The number of live neonates in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city from 2005 to 2010 was 55 828, the number of neonatal death was 356, the number of infantile death was 408, the number of children death under five years old was 447, the mortalities were 6.37‰, 7.30‰, and 8.00‰,respectively. The mortality of children under five years old showed a decreasing trend, the mortality in 2007 was the highest, and the mortality in 2010 was the lowest. The top three causes of children death under five years old were neonatal asphyxia, premature birth (low birth weight) , and other neonatal diseases. Conclusion

  9. District heating to replace an electrical installation

    OpenAIRE

    Serra Ramon, Maria Lourdes; Montañés Asenjo, Alba

    2008-01-01

    This project has been developed at the company Gavlegardarna. The company owns a large part of the buildings of Gävle and two of them are the objective of the project. Gavlegardana is highly concerned about the environment; for this reason, they cooperate on the subject with the energy management from their technical department. Gävle is one of the Swedish cities where the DH (district heating) network is distributed, arriving to most of the dwellings, industries and commerc...

  10. Continuous Logit Polycentric City Model

    OpenAIRE

    Wrede, Matthias

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzes a closed, essentially linear polycentric city with homogenous households who probabilistically select their workplace and residence locations. The study utilizes a continuous logit model to describe household location choices. In contrast to the classic urban model with deterministic location choices, the continuous logit model predicts noticeable direct effects of more than one workplace on land rents, asymmetry of the land rent schedule around secondary business district...

  11. An analysis of situation of carriing out"Safe Motherhood Project" in 3 years period in Longgang district of Shenzhen city%深圳市龙岗区三年来"降消"项目实施情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘贵敏; 高玉山; 李慧丽; 夏洪波; 任路忠

    2009-01-01

    Objecttive To evaluate implementing effect of "Safe Motherhood Project" to reduce maternal mortality rate and eliminating neonatal tetanus in Longgang district of Shenzhen city.Methods The date of maternal death and neonatal tetanus in a period from 2005 to 2008 in Longgang district of Shenzhen city were collected. The effect of this project was evaluated by comparing maternal mortality rate and incidence rate of neonatal tetanus before and after implementation of the project. Results The maternal mortality rate from 2005 to 2008 in Longgang district was 78.59/100 000, 38.14/100 000, 38.21/100 000 and 12.19/100 000 respectively and the incidence rate of neonatal tetanus in the period in Longgang district was 0.74‰, 0.84‰ , 0.29‰ and 0.22‰ respectively. It is obvious that after implementation of this project the maternal mortality rate and incidence rate of neonatal tetanus in whole population were decreased year by year from 2005 to 2008 in Longgang district, there were significant differences ( χ2 trend =14.743,P=0.0001; χ2 trend=14.666,P=0.0001). Conclusion The implementation of "Safe Motherhood Project" effectively reduces maternal mortality rate and incidence rate of neonatal tetanus.%目的 评价深圳市龙岗区"降低孕产妇死亡率、消除新生儿破伤风"项目的 实施效果.方法 收集深圳市龙岗区2005~2008年孕产妇死亡及新生儿破伤风资料,比较项目实施初期与后期孕产妇死亡率及新生儿破伤风发病率,评价"降消"项目实施效果.结果 2005~2008年孕产妇死亡率分别为78.59/10万、38.14/10万、38.21/10万、12.19/10万,新生儿破伤风发病率分别为0.74‰、0.84‰、0.29‰、0.22‰. "降消"项目实施后,该区孕产妇死亡率(趋势χ2=14.743,P=0.0001)及新生儿破伤风发病率(趋势χ2=14.666,P=0.0001)呈逐年下降趋势,差异有统计学意义.结论 深圳市龙岗区"降消"项目的 实施,有效降低了孕产妇死亡率和新生儿破伤风发病率.

  12. Epidemiological analysis of hand-foot-mouth disease of Doudian Town of Fangshan District in Beijing City from January 2007 to December 2012%北京市房山区窦店镇2007年1月~2012年12月手足口病流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈爱国; 高美丽; 张金民; 詹琳

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Doudian Town of Fangshan District in Beijing City,analyze the epidemic trends,in order to provide scientific basis for work developing in the future.Methods Descriptive epidemiological analysis was used to analyze the data of patients with HFMD in Doudian Town of Fangshan District in Beijing City from January 2007 to December 2012,which were collected by China disease prevention and control information system.Results A total of 618 HFMD cases were reported during January 2007 to December 2012 in Doudian town of Fangshan District,the incidence rate was 250.16/100 000,which was higher than the incidence of HFMD in Fangshan District.Among them,the sex ratio of male and female was 1.38∶1,which had obvious seasonality,peaked from May to July (388 cases,accounting for 62.78%).Chil dren aged 1-<4 were high risk group (accounting for 63.43%),and 94.01% of the cases were diaspora and kindergarten children.The main symptoms were fever and rash of hand,foot and mouth.Conclusion The incidence of HFMD is higher in Doudian Town of Fangshan District.the epidemic characteristics of HFMD and the actual situation of the area should be combined,adopting effective measures to strengthen the prevention and control of the focus groups,in order to reduce the incidence of HFMD.%目的 了解北京市房山区窦店镇手足口病流行特征,分析疫情发展趋势,为今后开展工作提供科学依据.方法 对中国疾病预防控制信息系统中报告的房山区窦店镇2007年1月~2012年12月手足口病病例进行描述性流行病学分析.结果 房山区窦店镇2007年1月~2012年12月共报告手足口病病例618例,年均发病率为250.16/10万,高于房山区的发病水平.手足口病患者男女性别比为1.38∶1;有明显的季节性,发病高峰为5~7月,共发病388例,占62.78%;发病年龄主要集中在1~<4岁(占63.43%);94.01%

  13. An Analysis on the Innovation of Volunteer Recruitment for City Volunteer Station--A Study Based on the Case of Guangzhou Yuexiu District Volunteer Coaching%城市志愿服务站点招募工作的创新分析--以广州市越秀区志愿驿站为案例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵振刚

    2013-01-01

      在我国近年来举办的一些大型赛会活动过程中,诞生了城市志愿服务站点这一志愿服务形式和载体,在赛会结束之后面临着成果转化和后续发展的问题.2010年亚运会结束后,广州市将站点更名为志愿驿站并常态化运行,其中越秀区在志愿者招募工作上进行积极创新,其经验值得深入调研、分析和总结推广.此外,可以通过城市志愿服务站点招募工作,构建学生志愿服务生涯对接平台和机制,使志愿组织实现人力资源的持续发展.%In the process of organizing some large-scale tournament activities in China in recent years, the city volunteer station as a new form and carrier of voluntary was born, which faced the problem of achievement Transformation and subsequent development after the end of tournaments. After the 2010 Asian Games, Guangzhou renames city volunteer station as volunteer coaching and normalization operation. Yuexiu District has actively innovatived in volunteer recruitment, which experience worthy of in-depth research, analyze and summarize the promotion. Besides, with the volunteer recruitment of city volunteer station, we can construction docking platform and mechanism for student volunteer service career, and make voluntary organizations to achieve the sustained development of human resources.

  14. L’entretien des corps / Body care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Gaberel

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Nous analysons ici le rapport à l’alimentation d’une cohorte de 387 personnes en situation de pauvreté reconnue. Ces usagers genevois de l’aide sociale ont été interrogés par questionnaires et entretiens durant une étude à long terme. Après un examen des lois et règlements cadrant la nécessité alimentaire et d’autres sources d’information, nous explorerons la conception du bien manger des usagers. Nous la comparerons ensuite à leurs consommations hebdomadaires et aux activités alimentaires régulières : courses, préparation, consommation, invitations et sorties. Deux tiers disent, comme les mangeurs ordinaires, que bien manger c’est « manger sainement » et suivre les recommandations diététiques actuelles. Une moitié affirme suivre un régime pour raisons médicales. Un tiers des usagers de l’aide sociale définit le Bien manger comme un art de vivre ou une gastronomie qui nécessite des moyens financiers indisponibles et contrarient les régimes médicaux. Un cinquième dit respecter des prescriptions éthiques, dont l’interdit du porc ou de l’alcool, qui recoupent une tendance végétarienne et une orientation musulmane. Une personne sur vingt adopte une définition minimaliste et ascétique : bien manger c’est nourrir son corps. Comme les régimes médicaux et l’ascétisme, prescriptions et interdits vont de pair avec la loi d’Engels favorisant économie et privations, comme cela apparaît en comparant les consommations des usagers de l’aide sociale et de la population générale.This article looks at how people who live on welfare relate to nutrition, food and meals. A total of 387 French-speaking Genevan welfare recipients took part in a long term study based on questionnaires and personal interviews. After considering the place of nutrition in Welfare legislation and other sources of information available to welfare recipients, we compare their conception of "good eating" with their weekly

  15. Colonoscopy Screening in the US Astronaut Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masterova, K.; Van Baalen, M.; Wear, M. L.; Murray, J.; Schaefer, C.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Historically, colonoscopy screenings for astronauts have been conducted to ensure that astronauts are in good health for space missions. Recently this historical data has been identified as being useful for developing an occupational surveillance requirement. It can be used to assess overall colon health and to have a point of reference for future tests in current and former astronauts, as well as to follow-up and track rates of colorectal cancer and polyps. These rates can be compared to military and other terrestrial populations. In 2003, the active astronaut colonoscopy requirements changed to require less frequent colonoscopies. Since polyp removal during a colonoscopy is an intervention that prevents the polyp from potentially developing into cancer, the procedure decreases the individual's risk for colon cancer. The objective of this study is to evaluate the possible effect of increased follow-up times between colonoscopies on the number and severity of polyps identified during the procedures among both current and former NASA astronauts. Initial results and forward work regarding astronaut colonoscopy screenings will be presented. METHODS: A retrospective study of all colonoscopy procedures performed on NASA astronauts between 1962 and 2015 (both during active career and retirement) was conducted by review of the JSC Clinic Electronic Medical Record and Lifetime Surveillance of Astronaut Health (LSAH) database for colonoscopy screening procedures and pathology reports. The timeframe of interest was from the time of selection into the Astronaut Corps through May 2015 or death. For each colonoscopy report, the following data were captured: date of procedure, age at time of procedure, reason for procedure, quality of bowel prep, completion of procedure and/or reason for termination of procedure, findings of procedure, subsequent treatment (if any), recommended follow-up interval, actual follow up interval, family history of polyps or colon cancer

  16. Comprehensive Evaluation on the Building of the Capacity for Sustainable Development in Jinniu District of Chengdu City%成都市金牛区可持续发展能力建设综合评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于翔; 谭德庆; 周沁影

    2014-01-01

    区域可持续发展能力的建设与评价,是近年来社会各界持续关注的热点。而从社会发展、经济发展、资源与环境以及其他等四大类指标出发,采用层次分析法建立综合评价模型,并用该模型对成都市金牛区的可持续发展能力建设水平进行综合评价,结果表明,金牛区可持续发展能力建设水平逐年增长。%The building and evaluation of the capacity for sustainable development has been a focus of attention from all walks of social life this year.The thesis departed from the four major indexes of social development,economic development,resources and environment and others, used the Analytic Hierarchy Process to establish the comprehensive evaluation model,and carried out a comprehensive evaluation with this model on the sustainable development capacity-building level in Jinniu district of Chengdu. The results of the thesis showed that the sustainable development capacity-building level in Jinniu district increased year by year.

  17. Understanding Metropolitan Living: Description and Evaluation of a Cooperative City--Suburban Program for Urban Students in the 1970s. Summer Progress Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Betty; Levine, Daniel U.

    Understanding Metropolitan Living (UML) was a cooperative summer school sponsored and conducted by a suburban school district in Johnson County, Kansas, and the central city school districts in Kansas City, Kansas, and Kansas City, Missouri. A six-week instructional program was conducted between June 8 and July 17, 1970, for 40 suburban students…

  18. 南宁市城区社区卫生服务机构的SWOT分析%The SWOT Analyzing of Community Health Services in the District of Nanning City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭伟; 倪建; 唐耀华; 梁贵琪; 张瑜

    2014-01-01

    On the basis of qualitative and quantitative research of Nanning city community health service institutions (CHS),in view of the situation of CHS development,using the SWOT analysis method to identify the internal strengths,weaknesses and external opportunities and threats of CHS institutions of Nanning city . Using SWOT matrix combination method to conduct system analysis, so as to put forward feasible suggestion and countermeasure for the existing problems in the process of CHS development , ultimately provide decision-making reference to promote the development of CHS Nanning city .%在对南宁市城区社区卫生服务(CHS)机构定性、定量调查的基础上,针对CHS发展的现状,利用SWOT分析法,识别南宁市城区CHS机构内部能力的优势、劣势和外部环境的机会及挑战。用SWOT的矩阵组合方法,对南宁市CHS发展过程中存在的问题进行系统分析,并提出可行的对策建议,为促进南宁市城区社区卫生服务事业的发展提供决策参考。

  19. Cultivating Political Powerhouses: TFA Corps Members Experiences That Shape Local Political Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobsen, Rebecca; White, Rachel; Reckhow, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, Teach for America (TFA) has invested in developing corps members as leaders. Although TFA asks corps members for a two-year commitment, TFA celebrates the achievements of alumni who have gone on to careers in politics, public policy, and advocacy. Thus, many community leaders see the arrival of TFA corps members as having a…

  20. 75 FR 74712 - Planet Energy (Maryland) Corp.; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Planet Energy (Maryland) Corp.; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market... supplemental notice in the above-referenced proceeding, of Planet Energy (Maryland) Corp.'s application...

  1. 75 FR 74711 - Planet Energy (Pennsylvania) Corp.; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Planet Energy (Pennsylvania) Corp.; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market... supplemental notice in the above-referenced proceeding, of Planet Energy (Pennsylvania) Corp.'s application...

  2. 78 FR 65393 - Ameritas Life Insurance Corp., et al; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... COMMISSION Ameritas Life Insurance Corp., et al; Notice of Application October 25, 2013. AGENCY: The... (the ``1940 Act''). Applicants: Ameritas Life Insurance Corp., Ameritas Life Insurance Corp. of New York, The Union Central Life Insurance Company (each, a ``Life Insurance Company'' and,...

  3. 76 FR 20992 - Sun Chemical Corp.; Filing of Color Additive Petition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-14

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Sun Chemical Corp.; Filing of Color Additive Petition AGENCY... announcing that Sun Chemical Corp. has filed a petition proposing that the color additive regulations for D&C... been filed by Sun Chemical Corp., 5020 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45232. The petition...

  4. 42 CFR 23.13 - What nondiscrimination requirements apply to National Health Service Corps sites?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... National Health Service Corps sites? 23.13 Section 23.13 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES PERSONNEL NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE CORPS Assignment of National Health Service Corps Personnel § 23.13 What nondiscrimination requirements apply to National......

  5. 75 FR 3948 - Big Sky Energy Corp., Biomedical Waste Systems, Inc., Biometrics Security Technology, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-25

    ... COMMISSION Big Sky Energy Corp., Biomedical Waste Systems, Inc., Biometrics Security Technology, Inc., Biosys, Inc., Bolder Technologies Corp., Boyds Wheels, Inc., Breakaway Solutions, Inc., and BRE-X Minerals... Energy Corp. because it has not filed any periodic reports since the period ended December 31, 2006....

  6. 28 CFR 92.6 - What colleges or universities can I attend under the Police Corps?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... attend under the Police Corps? 92.6 Section 92.6 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES (COPS) Police Corps Eligibility and Selection Criteria § 92.6 What colleges or universities can I attend under the Police Corps? (a) The choice of...

  7. 28 CFR 92.2 - Am I eligible to apply to participate in the Police Corps?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the Police Corps? 92.2 Section 92.2 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES (COPS) Police Corps Eligibility and Selection Criteria § 92.2 Am I eligible to apply to participate in the Police Corps? (a) You should consider applying to...

  8. 75 FR 51395 - AmeriCorps National Service Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-20

    ... of Final Rule and Analysis of Comments A. Definitions B. Eligibility to Receive an Education Award C... ``education award'' and ``term of service,'' and adds definitions for ``AmeriCorps education award,'' ``Silver... qualify for the larger Summer of Service education award. The definition means only that the...

  9. Corps Intelligence Director Stresses the Value of Man Over Machine

    OpenAIRE

    Naval Postgraduate School Public Affairs Office

    2009-01-01

    Brig. Gen. Richard Lake, Director of Intelligence for Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps, Washington, D.C., speaks to students during a Secretary of the Navy Guest Lecture (SGL) April 21 in King Hall. Lake’s lecture focused on current and future global challenges, with detailed discussions about Iraq, Afghanistan, global population growth, technology and irregular warfare.

  10. 75 FR 54116 - Application To Export Electric Energy; Powerex Corp

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ... Application To Export Electric Energy; Powerex Corp AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy... authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada pursuant to section 202(e) of the... authorized Powerex to transmit electric energy from the United States to Canada for a two-year term as...

  11. 78 FR 65978 - Application To Export Electric Energy; Powerex Corp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-04

    ... Application To Export Electric Energy; Powerex Corp. AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy... authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico pursuant to section 202(e) of the... Powerex to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico as a power marketer for a...

  12. Mauritanian Arabic. Teacher's Handbook. Peace Corps Language Handbook Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Raymond C.; And Others

    The teaching guide is designed to accompany a set of instructional materials in Mauritanian Arabic (Hassaniya) for Peace Corps volunteers. It provides information and techniques for language teaching in three volumes: (1) a literacy handbook--a volume of lessons on the Arabic alphabet and script; (2) a communication and culture handbook; and (3) a…

  13. Dimensions of Inservice Education. The Texas Teacher Corps Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freiberg, H. Jerome, Ed.; Olivarez, Ruben Dario, Ed.

    This collection of articles offers viewpoints on issues, concerns, and processes related to the teacher education activities of Teacher Corps Projects in the state of Texas. The first section sets forth a definition for inservice education, a perspective of its past, present, and future, and the impact of innovations on teacher and teacher…

  14. 20 CFR 638.502 - Job Corps basic education program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... as a second language (ESL) programs for selected center operators (regional offices shall arrange for... used at centers. Students are considered to be in-school youths. The Job Corps Director, in... operators shall provide the following educational programs at a minimum: (a) Reading and language skills;...

  15. Kiribati (Gilbertese): Teacher's Handbook. Peace Corps Language Handbook Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Raymond C.; Trussel, Stephen

    This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the three Peace Corps students' books in Kiribati, the language of the Gilbert Islands. Its goal is to help the native speaker understand the American volunteers' viewpoints and to provide detailed information on methods and techniques for teaching the volunteers the language and culture. The guide has…

  16. Kiribati (Gilbertese): Special Skills Handbook. Peace Corps Language Handbook Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trussel, Stephen

    This handbook is a collection of readings intended to acquaint Peace Corps volunteers with the geography, history, and culture of the Gilbert Islands. Some of the readings are in English, but most are in Kiribati. Four of the Kiribati readings are accompanied by linear translations; the others have English summaries. The concluding parts of the…

  17. Peace Corps Gabon PST Technical Language: Math/Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peace Corps, Washington, DC.

    A set of instructional materials on technical French for mathematics instruction is designed for Peace Corps volunteers teaching math in Gabon. The materials consist of six lessons on the use of French to teach and express mathematical concepts and procedures, and information about the Gabonese educational system, in English. The French lessons…

  18. 76 FR 11933 - 50th Anniversary of the Peace Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    ... peace. NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the... to their home communities in the United States. The lasting accomplishments of the Peace Corps.... (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc. 2011-5031 Filed 3-2-11; 11:15 am] Billing code 3195-W1-P...

  19. Analysis on Epidemiology of Measles in Hebei District, Tianjin City from 2004 to 2011%2004-2011年天津市河北区麻疹流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李薇; 王梅

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解河北区近年来麻疹流行病学特征,探讨控制麻疹的策略与措施.方法 采用描述性流行病学方法对2004-2011年河北区麻疹发病情况进行分析.结果 河北区2004-2011年麻疹发病呈散发的流行病学特点.2-5月是麻疹的高发季节.<8月龄和≥15岁麻疹病例数为353例,占全区报告发病总数的84.86%.结论 保持儿童麻疹疫苗及时有效的高水平的基础免疫,加强麻疹疫苗的复种工作,适时开展强化免疫,建立牢固的免疫屏障.同时,加强流动人口管理,提高流动儿童接种率.%Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics ot measles in Hebei District,Tianjin,and to explore the strategies and measures for controlling measles.Methods The data of measles in Hebei District during the period of 2004-2011 were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological methods.Results Measles eases occurred in a sporadic pattern in Hebei District during the period of 2004-2011.Measles mainly occurred during February to May.353 measles cases occurred in children aged < 8monthsand≥ 15 years,accounting for 84.86 % of the total cases.Conclusions Toprevent the spread of measles cases,it is important to maintain high level of measles immunization in children,strengthen measles revaccination,carry out supplementary immunization campaigns timely,and build a strong immune barrier.At the same time,it is necessary to strengthen floating population management and improve the vaccination rate among floating children.

  20. SURVEY ON MEDICAL SEWAGE DISPOSAL IN CERTAIN DISTRICT OF SHANGHAI CITY%上海市某区医疗机构污水处理现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟霞; 申惠国; 席韵

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the status and quality monitoring of medical sewage disposal in certain district of Shanghai. Methods On - site and material investigation were used to study the status of sewage disinfection in 29 medical institutions in certain district of Shanghai. Results 29 medical institutions included 2 private hospitals without sewage disposal facilities, 7 medical institutions with sewage disposal facilities but without hygiene license documents. 29 medical institutions all used chlorine - containing disinfectants for sewage disinfection, 19 of which throwed disinfectants artificially. The qualified rate of sewage disinfection in 29 medical institutions was only 58. 62%. Conclusion The sewage disinfection facilities of some medical institutions in certain district of Shanghai are quite outdated, and the qualified rate of sewage disinfection is low. So it is necessary to strengthen the maintaining and updating of sewage disposal facilities.%目的 了解上海市某区医疗机构的污水处理现状及监测质量.方法 采取现场调查与资料调查的方法,对上海市某区29家医疗机构的污水消毒情况进行了调查.结果 29家医疗机构污水均采用集中式处理,其中2家民营医院无污水处理设备,7家医疗机构的污水处理设备无卫生许可批件.29家医疗机构均使用含氯消毒剂进行污水消毒,其中19家采用人工投氯.所调查的29家医院的污水检测合格率仅为58.62%.结论 上海市某区部分医疗机构的污水消毒设施较为陈旧,污水处理质量合格率较低,应加强污水处理设备保养维护与更新.

  1. 杭州市西湖区2次人体重要寄生虫病调查%Two surveys of human important parasitic diseases in Xihu District,Hangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章华米; 金国农; 王帮马

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解杭州市西湖区人体重要寄生虫感染状况和流行规律,综合评价寄生虫病防治效果.方法 按照规定的方法和要求进行.结果 2003年查出虫种4种,总感染率为7.81%,钩虫、蛔虫、鞭虫、蛲虫感染率分别为5.61%、0.13%、1.83%、4.43%;2009年查出虫种4种,总感染率为2.07%,钩虫感染率为1.87%,蛔虫、鞭虫、蛲虫感染率均为0.10%.低年龄和中老年组是感染寄生虫的高危人群.结论 杭州市西湖区人体寄生虫总感染率和各虫种感染率均大幅度下降,钩虫是西湖区人体寄生虫主要感染虫种.%Objective To understand the status and epidemic rules of human important parasite infections, and evaluate the control effect in Xihu District, so as to provide evidence for improving future parasitic disease control. Methods Two surveys were performed in 2003 and 2009 in accordance with The Regulations of National Survey of the Distribution of Human Parasites, respectively. Results Four kinds of parasites were identified in 2003. The total infection rate was 7.81%, and the infection rates of hookworm, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and Enterobius vermicularis were 5.61%, 0. 13%, 1.83% and 4.43%, respectively. In 2009, the total rate was 2.07% and the infection rate of hookworm was 1.87%, while the infection rates ofAscaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and Enterobius vermicularis were all 0. 10%. The high-risk groups were the low age group and middle-aged group. Conclusion The total infection rate of human parasites and each parasite infection rate in Xihu District have declined significantly, and hookworm is the main kind of human parasite in the district.

  2. Present Situation and Potential of Carbon Sequestration in Chaotian District in Guangyuan City%广元市朝天区森林碳汇现状评估及潜力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈仕富

    2011-01-01

    The present annual CO2 sequestration in 2010 year and Potential of Carbon Sequestration from 2011 -2025 in Guangyuan's chaotian district has been estimated, through the examination of Carbon Sequestration in the different forest type . The result show that the present annual CO2 sequestration was 116.47 x 104t , and Potential of Carbon Sequestration during the period from 2011 - 2015varies from 141.07 - 169.10 x 104t(CO2).%以广元市朝天区各林分类型为研究对象,分析研究了该医森林碳汇现状及潜力,即2010年森林碳汇现状为116.47万t,2011—2015年森林碳汇在141.07—169.10万t之间变化。

  3. HIV/AIDS in Gaoping District of Nanchong City, 1999-2010%1999-2010年南充市高坪区HIV/AIDS流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何兮; 张旭; 曾凤梅; 李定志

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解南充市高坪区艾滋病流行病学特征,为制定控制策略提供依据.方法 对南充市高坪区1999-2010年HIV/AIDS疫情报告、综合监测、自愿咨询、流行病学调查资料收集统计,采用描述性流行病学方法进行分析研究.结果 1999-2010年高坪区共报告HIV/AIDS 74例,感染率为12.76/10万.男女之比为2.21∶1;传播途径以性接触传播为主,占总例数的58.11%;年龄分布以20 ~39岁最高,占总例数的71.62%;职业分布以无业人员居多,占40.54%;发现途径以咨询检测为主,占总数的29.73%,其次为专题调查检测,占20.27%.2005-2010年共报70例,占总数的94.59%,年均感染率为1.10/10万,呈快速增长高峰.结论 南充市高坪区艾滋病感染者2005-2010年为快速增长期,以性接触传播为主要方式,应针对高危人群和高危行为,采取综合监测干预措施,控制艾滋病的流行.%Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of AIDS in Gaoping district, so as to provide basis for formulating control strategy. Methods HIV/AIDS epidemic situation report, integrated monitoring, voluntary consultation, epidemiological data collection statistics of Caoping district from 1999 to 2010 were collected and were analyzed with descriptive epidemiological methods. Results From 1999 -2010, 74 cases of HIV/AIDS were reported at Gaoping district, with the infection rate of 12. 76/105. The ratio of men and women with HIV/AIDS was 2. 21 : 1; Sexual contact, standing for 58. 11% of the total, was the major channel of transmission. Among all age groups, people ranging from 20 to 39 was the most highly infected which stand for 71. 62% ; 40.54% of the patients were unemployed, making them the largest group among vocational distribution chart. 29. 73% of them were detected by consultation, followed by 20. 27% from project survey. Seventy cases were reported from 2005 to 2010, making 94. 59% of the total number in 11 years. The

  4. 2009年武汉市农村生活饮用水水质卫生监测结果分析%An analysis of health monitoring result of the drinking water quality in the rural district of Wuhan city in 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊玲; 张启生; 刘正丹

    2011-01-01

    目的:准确掌握武汉市农村生活饮用水的水质和卫生防护情况,为进一步提高农村饮水质量、建设新农村提供可靠的科学依据,保障我市农村居民饮水安全.方法:按照(GB5749-2006)中有关规定采取和保存水样.水样检测按照(GB/T5750-2006)进行,评价标准按(GB5749-2006)表4中有关规定执行.结果:乡镇出厂水合格率为19.2%,分散式供水合格率为17.4%,乡镇出厂水和分散式供水主要不合格指标为细菌学指标(游离余氯、总大肠菌群、耐热大肠菌群、细菌总数)和感官指标(肉眼可见物、浑浊度).x2检验结果还显示,乡镇出厂水合格率,新洲区>黄陂区>江夏区>蔡甸区(P<0.05);分散式供水合格率,新洲区、黄陂区>江夏区>蔡甸区(P<0.05).乡镇出厂水不合格指标中,仅菌落总数合格率各区之间存在显著性差异,分散式供水不合格指标中,菌落总数、总大肠菌群、耐热大肠菌群、浑浊度、肉眼可见物、锰和耗氧量合格率各区之间存在显著性差异(P<0.05).结论:武汉市农村乡镇出厂水和分散式供水水质合格率低,超标指标多,卫生状况令人担忧.%Objective:To understand the quality and sanitary protection condition of the drinking water in the rural district of Wuhan city and to provide scientific analysis for the further water renovation and building new countryside. Methods: In accordance with the relevant regulations in the “health standards of drinking water ” ( GB5749 - 2006 ), the water samples were taken and preserved. The water samples were detected in accordance with the “standard examination methods for drinking water” ( GB/T5750 - 2006), and the results were evaluated according to the relevant regulations in the Table 4 of“ health standards of drinking water” ( GB5749 -2006). Results: The qualified rate of rural centralized water supply was 19.2%. The qualified rate of scattered water supply was 17.4%. The

  5. Features Analysis of 62 Years Drought and Flood based on Z Index in Songshan District in Chifeng City%基于Z指数的赤峰市松山区62 a旱涝特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙号茗

    2015-01-01

    根据1951—2012年赤峰松山区降水资料,利用Z指标方法确定松山区的旱涝年份,并从季节上进行旱涝分析。结果表明,松山区逐年降水量呈缓慢下降趋势;发生旱灾有16 a,涝灾有13 a,出现旱涝灾害的概率为46.78%,且有连年发生的情况;各季节降水量的变化趋势也不一致,春夏季节呈上升趋势,秋冬季节呈下降趋势,四季节发生旱涝灾害的概率约占35%左右。%The article is based on the rainfall data in 1951—2012 in Songshan district in Chifeng, used the method of Z index to determine the drought and flood year, and did the analysis from the aspect of seasons. The result shows that the rainfall is gradually declining year by year in Songshan district; there are 16 drought years, 13 flood years, the drought and flood rate is 46.78%, and occasionally have successive years for the situation; the variation trend of the rainfall in various seasons is not consistent, it is upward trend in spring and summer, downward trend in autumn and winter, the drought and flood rate in the four seasons is about 35%.

  6. Blood lead levels and related factors analysis of children in hongshan district of Wuhan city%武汉市洪山区儿童血铅水平及相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆继红

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解洪山区0~6岁儿童血铅水平分布状况及相关因素,为预防儿童铅中毒提供依据。方法:0~6岁儿童手指末梢血1227例按年龄分为两组,采用原子吸收光谱仪检测两组血铅水平。结果:Ⅰ组铅超标率1.11%,铅中毒率0.16%。Ⅱ组铅超标率0.67%,铅中毒率0。结论:洪山区儿童血铅水平处于国内中等水平,但仍高于发达国家。%Objective:To explore the blood lead levels and related factors of from 0 to 6 years old children in hongshan district and to provide basis for the prevention of lead poisoning in children.Methods:1 227 cases from 0 to 6 years old children were divided into two groups according to the age,and the blood lead levels of two groups were detected by atomic absorption spectrometer.Results:The over-standard lead of Ⅰ group was 1.11%,and the lead poisoning rate was 0.16%.The over-standard lead of Ⅱ group was 0.67%,and the lead poisoning rate was 0%.Conclusion:The blood lead level of children in hongshan district was medium level in domestic,but still higher than the developed countries.

  7. Managing for Results in America's Great City Schools. A Report of the Performance Measurement and Benchmarking Project, Spring 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council of the Great City Schools, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This report describes statistical indicators developed by the Council of the Great City Schools and its member districts to measure big-city school performance on a range of operational functions in business, finance, human resources and technology. The report also presents data city-by-city on those indicators. This is the second time that…

  8. Managing for Results in America's Great City Schools. A Report of the Performance Measurement and Benchmarking Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council of the Great City Schools, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This report describes statistical indicators developed by the Council of the Great City Schools and its member districts to measure big-city school performance on a range of operational functions in business, finance, human resources and technology. The report also presents data city-by-city on those indicators. This is the second time that…

  9. 包头市九原区>60岁老年人300例体重指数的研究%Study on body mass index of 300 old people over 60 years in Jiuyuan District of Baotou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王守忠; 周娜

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the body mass index of old people over 60 years in Jiuyuan District of Baotou City,to analyze the distribution status of the aged BMI,and provide the measures of improvement for the cause,to maintain and improve old people's physique and health.Methods:By the method of cluster sampling,60 years old people with poor activity in Jiuyuan District were given the questionnaire survey and physical measurement.The contents of the questionnaire included gender,age,height,weight, occupation,cultural degree,nutrition knowledge,attitude,dietary behavior.Results:BMI of 47.33% elderly in Jiuyuan District was normal,and overweight and obesity reached 46.67%.In the various indicators,the number was much in overweight and obesity of age from 70 to 79 years old,non professional workers,education as the illiterate,nutrition index know little,incorrect nutrition attitude and irrational dietary behavior.Conclusion:The elderly overweight and obesity phenomenon is more serious in Jiuyuan District of Baotou City.%目的:了解包头市九原区>60岁老年人的体重指数(Body mass index,BMI)状况,分析老年人BMI的分布状况,进而针对所引起的原因提供改进措施,保持和提高老年人的体质健康。方法:通过整群抽样的方法对九原区>60岁行动方便的老年人进行详细问卷调查以及体格测量,问卷内容包括性别、年龄、身高、体重、文化程度、职业、营养知识、营养态度、膳食行为。结果:九原区老年人的BMI情况正常达47.33%,而超重与肥胖率也达46.67%。在各个指标中,年龄70~79岁、职业为非劳动者、学历为文盲、营养指数了解少、营养态度不端正、膳食行为不合理分别在超重与肥胖中所占比例较多。结论:包头市九原区老年人超重与肥胖现象比较严重。

  10. The planned Shopping Center as a generator of a new develpmente city district: the example of Catuaí Shopping Center in Londrina O Shopping Center planejado, como gerador de um novo (sub centro de desenvolvimento: o exemplo do Catuaí Shopping Center de Londrina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Luiza Fava Grassiotto

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Dejan Sudjic (1999 considers shopping centers, modern airports and museums, as important reference marks of new urban landscape, “public” spaces, keys to contemporary cities definition. They are mega complexes that generate economic competition between cities, establishing their influence areas. Enterprises which concentrate populations, arise cultural interests that, independently of scale and without causing excessive development in cities, afford them structure, form and identity. This paper briefly characterizes the multifunctionality and the existing shopping center typologies, concentrating afterwards on the history of Catuaí Shopping Center and the dynamics of its evolutionary process. Matters such as the expansion of the surrounding and real property valorization, its power to attract investments and new activities, besides its performance as land use modifier, are mentioned. Finally, it is highlighted the role of the shopping center as an instrument of neighborhood progress, social transformation, and changing of behavior enabling, during its evolutionary process, the development of a characteristic city district and a new centrality.Dejan Sudjic (1999 considera os shopping centers, ao lado dos modernos aeroportos e museus, como importantes marcos de referência da nova paisagem urbana, espaços “públicos” chaves na definição da cidade contemporânea. São megacomplexos que geram competição econômica entre as cidades, estabelecendo suas áreas de influência. Empreendimentos concentradores de população, despertam interesses culturais, que independentemente da escala e sem causar o intenso crescimento das cidades, lhes dão estrutura, forma e identidade. Este texto, após uma breve caracterização da multifuncionalidade e das tipologias de shopping centers existentes, concentra-se na história do Catuaí Shopping Center de Londrina, e a dinâmica de seu processo evolutivo. Questões como: a expansão e valoriza

  11. Epdemiological analysis on the data of measles and strategies for its control in Nan'an district of chongqing city during the period from 2004-2008%重庆市南岸区2004-2008年麻疹疫情流行病学分析和控制对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁红; 陶杨; 方勇

    2011-01-01

    目的:分析麻疹流行的特征和分布规律,为进一步控制和消除麻疹提供科学依据.方法:对2004-2008年麻疹监测资料进行描述性流行病学分析.结果:2004-2008年共报告506例麻疹病人,局部散在发病,全区各个乡镇和街道均有病例发生,病例分布存在明显的地区差异,病例发病集中在4-8月份,人群以散居儿童、学生和托幼儿童为主,占80.43%;发病年龄主要集中在5岁以下,占总发病人数的69.56%;未达麻疹疫苗初免接种年龄(8月龄)中的人群发病占总发病数的20.29%,已达初免年龄的发病人群中无免疫接种史者达35.20%.结论:南岸区麻疹近年来总发病率有所上升,主要是散在发病,需要进一步采取针对性有效措施,以达到有效控制和消除麻疹的目标.%Objective To analyze the epidemic characteristics and distribution of measles, and to provide scientific basis for further control and elimination of measles. Methods The surveillance data of measles during 2004-2008 in Nan'an district of Chongqing city were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological method. Results 506 measles patients were reported from 2004 to 2008. Cases were found from every town and street. There was geographical variation in the frequencies of measles among the different prefectures. More measles cases occurred from April to August. 80. 43% of measles cases were scattered living children, students and preschool children, and the cases were mainly children under 5 years (69. 56%). Patients younger than the age of primary immunization measles vaccination (eight months) accounted for 20. 29% of all the measles cases. Meanwhile, patients older than the age of primary immunization (35. 20%) had not been vaccinated before. Conclusion There was an ascending trend of measles incidence rate in Nan'an district of Chongqing city, where the cases were mainly sporadic. More efficient measures must be taken to achieve the goal of measles control and

  12. 2010年佛山市顺德区111个建设项目职业病危害评价资料分析%Data Analysis on Occupational Hazard Evaluation of 111 Construction Projects in Shunde District of Foshan City in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余卓文; 李丽泉; 符发雄; 曾庆民; 左志华; 梁丽珍

    2011-01-01

    目的 对2010年佛山市顺德区111个建设项目职业病危害评价情况进行分析,为开展职业病防治工作提供依据.方法 对111份职业病危害评价报告查阅后进行统计、分析.结果 111个建设项目职业病危害评价中有预评价109个,控制效果评价2个;存在严重职业病危害因素的建设项目为1个,一般危害的有74个,轻微危害的有36个;职业有害因素以尘、毒、噪声为主.结论 顺德区职业病防治的问题任重道远,有关部门应加强职业卫生监管工作.%[Objective] To analyze the status of occupational hazard evaluation of 111 construction projects in Shunde district of Fos-han city in 2010, provide the evidence for the prevention and control of occupational disease. [Methods] 111 occupational hazard e-valuation reports were reviewed and analyzed. [Results] Among 111 occupational hazard evaluation reports, 109 were pre-evaluation, 2 were control effect evaluation, 1 construction project had severe occupational hazardous factors, 74 had general hazards, and 36 had slight hazards. The major occupational hazardous factors included dust, poison and noise. [Conclusion] The prevention and control of occupational disease in Shunde district should be improved, and relevant departments should strengthen the occupational health management.

  13. Empirical Research on the Construction of High Standard Basic Farmland-Taking a New District in the City of Suqian as an Example%高标准基本农田建设实证研究--以宿迁市某新区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李华

    2016-01-01

    By ifeld investigation, with ARC GIS software, this paper has calculated that the building-scale potential of high standard basic farmland located in a new district in the city of Suqian, Jiangsu province is about 5000 hectares (including the areas in which the construction of high standard basic farmland has been implemented). Through investigation and analysis of 16 villages of this new district, this paper points out the problems that we face in the construction of high standard basic farmland. These problems are related to project funding, ownership adjustment, maintenance of equipment, and public participation. In response to this, this paper argues that in order to develop high-standard farmland, we must strengthen organizational leadership, actively ifnd a proper property adjustment mechanism, enhance efforts to post-construction maintenance, step up our publicity initiatives, and improve the mechanism of public participation.%通过实地调查、应用ARCGIS软件测算出江苏省宿迁市某新区的高标准基本农田建设规模潜力(含已实施区域)约5000h m2。文章对该新区16个村(居)调查分析,当前高标准基本农田建设中存在着项目资金、权属调整、设施维护和公众参与等方面的问题。推进高标准农田建设对策:(1)加强组织领导;(2)积极探索产权调整机制;(3)加强高标准基本农田建后管护;(4)加强宣传引导,完善公众参与机制。

  14. Restructuring Schools in Baltimore: An Analysis of State and District Efforts. ECS Policy Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morando Rhim, Lauren

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a summary of state and local restructuring efforts in a single district: the Baltimore City Public School System (BCPSS). State and experiences with restructuring persistently low-performing schools provide practical information to other state and district leaders charged with the task of restructuring schools under NCLB.

  15. 可持续发展的城市新区道路基础设施建设模式探索%Mode of Road Infrastructure Construction in New District of Sustainable City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟辉; 赵云龙

    2013-01-01

    现阶段中国处于快速城市化进程中,新区作为城市发展特定阶段的产物,面临着难得的历史发展机遇。而城市道路基础设施的建设模式在很大程度上决定着建设资金的有效利用及新区的经济社会效益。本文在分析比较现有建设模式的基础上,以满足新区需求特征为前提,以可持续发展为目标,对新区道路基础设施的建设模式进行了新的探索。%At present, China is in the process of rapid urbanization. The new cities are facing a rare historical opportunity for development as a specific urban development phase of the product. And urban road infrastructure mode determines the utilization of funds and the economic and social benefits of the new city in the very great degree. Based on the analysis and comparison of the existing building mode, a further research has been carride out on the construction of the new road infrastructure mode, in order to meet the demand of the new features and achieve the sustainable development.

  16. 北京市海淀区妊娠期妇女口腔保健认知状况及行为的调查分析%Investigation and analysis on cognitive status of pregnant women to oral health care and their behaviors in Haidian district of Beijing city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁锦娟

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To understand the degree of awareness of pregnant women to oral health care knowledge and the implementation status of oral health care behaviors in Haidian district of Beijing city. Methods: The pregnant women in Haidian district of Beijing city received questionnaire survey, the contents included questions about oral health care knowledge and oral health care behaviors (including tooth brushing and usage of dental floss) , then a statistical analysis was conducted on the result and educational level of pregnant women and monthly family income. Results: The cognitive degree of oral health care and oral health care behaviors of pregnant women with under middle educational level were worse than those of pregnant women with higher educational level and postgraduate educational level, but there was no significant difference between the pregnant women with higher educational level and postgraduate educational level; there was no significant difference among the pregnant women with different monthly family incomes; the total level of oral health care behaviors was low. Conclusion: Oral health care education and behaviors should be enhanced and improved, more attention should be paid to the pregnant women with under middle educational level.%目的:了解北京市海淀区妊娠期妇女对口腔保健知识的知晓度及口腔保健行为的实施状况.方法:对北京市海淀区妊娠期妇女进行问卷调查,内容涉及口腔保健知识及刷牙、使用牙线等口腔保健行为方面的问题,并对结果与妊娠期妇女的学历、家庭月收入进行统计学分析.结果:中等以下学历的妊娠期妇女口腔保健的认知程度及行为明显低于高等学历及研究生以上学历者,而高等学历及研究生以上学历者之间未见明显差异;不同家庭月收入者在口腔保健认知及行为方面未见明显差异;口腔保健行为整体水平欠佳.结论:应继续加强妊娠期妇女的口腔保健教育及

  17. 深圳市宝安区健康人群百日咳、白喉、破伤风抗体水平监测%Monitoring of the humoral immunity to pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus in the healthy population of Bao'an district, Shenzhen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张震文; 茌静; 雷蕾; 郑晓晨; 肖锦晖

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解宝安区健康人群破伤风、白喉、百日咳三种疫苗血清抗体水平,评价三种疫苗的免疫实施效果.方法 2011年随机抽取宝安区7个街道不同年龄段人群,采用试管凝集试验检测血清抗体水平.结果 破伤风、白喉、百日咳抗体保护率分别为98.33%,98.06%,98.33%,各年龄组人群均达到90%以上;几何平均滴度(GMT)分别为1∶80.63、1∶80.48、1∶1 409.35,均以21~32岁组最低;三种抗体保护率和GMT有随年龄增大而明显降低的趋势.结论 宝安区人群破伤风、白喉、百日咳免疫水平都较高,免疫屏障已经形成,短期内暴发流行百日咳、白喉、破伤风的可能性不大.%Objective To determine the levels of serum antibodies against pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus after immunization in the Bao'an district,Shenzhen city,and to evaluate the effectiveness of immunization. Method 360 persons were selected from 7 towns in Bao'an in 2011 and the levels serum antibodies to pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus were monitored by the test-tube agglutination method. Results The protection rate and geometric mean titer of tetanus was 98.33% and 1:80.63,respective.The protection rate and geometric titer of diphtheria was 98.06% and 1:80.48, respectively. The protection rate and geometric titer of pertussis was 98.33% and 1:1 409.35, respectively. The protection rate and geometric titer of tetanus,diphtheria and pertussis were significantly decreased with increasing age. Conclusions The immunization level of pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus was relatively high in the Bao'an district, Shenzhen city. The chance of the outbreak for these diseases was low.

  18. 重庆市九龙坡区2009年甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情流行病学分析%Epidemiological analysis of influenza A (H1N1) in Jiulongpo district of Chongqing city in 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李中琴; 李晓娟; 谭学钧

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解重庆市九龙坡区甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情的流行病学特征.为更好地制定有针对性的控制措施提供依据.方法 对重庆市九龙坡区2009年甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情处理资料进行描述性分析.结果 16起甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情累计确诊64例,平均罹患率为0.36%(64/17778);疫情集中发生在9月,发病人群主要是中专职校学生;男女性别比为3:1.结论 甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情均发生在学校,学校是控制甲型H1N1流感疫情的关键,应及时报告疫情、有效落实控制措施.%Objective To study the epidemiological characteristics of hepatitis in Jiulongpo district of Chongqing city and to establish a more pertinent control of influenza A (H1N1).Methods Descriptive epidemiological study was performed to analyze the characteristics of influenza A (H1N1) outbreak in 2009 in the Jiulongpo district of Chongqing city.Results 16 influenza A (H1N1) outbreak involving 64 reported cases were found.The average rate of prevalence was 0.36% (64/17778).Most of the outbreak occurred in schools in September.Conclusion The influenza A (H1N1) outbreak was mainly in schools.Timely report is an effective measure to control the infection.

  19. The Analysis and Countermeasures of 121 Medical Institutions of Medical Waste Disposal Capacity in Yingjiang District of Anqing City%安庆市迎江区121家医疗机构医疗废物处置能力分析及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑锐

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand canonical disposal capacity and change status to medical refuse in basic medical units and to find good solutions by seeking for the weak points.Methods We separately selected 121 smal medical institutions as investigation target from the year of 2011 and 2014 in yingjiang district,anqing city. The investigation method was same by inspection,examination and interview. The investigation forms were filed out in site. Al investigation results were input the Excel software for statistical analysis.ResultsThere were continuous improvement about disposal capacity of medical refuse in basic medical units in the year of 2014 in yingjiang district,anqing city.Conclusion To strengthen management to medical refuse of medical units al the time,especialy its construction of responsibility system. To strengthen propagation and training about knowledge of medical refuse management. To regulate the behaviour about recording,classified colection and temporary storage of medical refuse. To strengthen management about transport of medical refuse. To implement measures of personal protection to staff of medical refuse treatment. To tighten punishment to criminal act in medical refuse management.%目的:为了解基层医疗机构的医疗废物规范性处置能力和变化情况,查找薄弱环节,并寻找对策。方法选取安庆市迎江区管2011和2014年121家小型医疗机构作为调查对象,统一调查方法,通过现场检查、查看、访问,现场填写检查表格,调查结果全部录入Excel进行统计分析。结果2014年安庆市迎江区医疗机构的医疗废物处置工作持续得到改进。结论要持续加强医疗机构医疗废物管理,特别要加强医疗废物管理责任制建设,强化医疗废物管理知识宣传、培训,规范医疗废物登记、分类收集、暂存行为,做好医疗废物的转运工作,落实废物处置人员卫生防护措施,加大违法行为惩处力度。

  20. 深圳市宝安区心理危机干预热线581例求助电话分析%Help-seeking telephone analysis of 581 cases of psychological crisis inter-vention hotline in Bao’an District of Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏海云; 刘成锋; 张泉水; 邓秀良; 侯粤虎

    2015-01-01

    Objective To known the characteristics of help-seeking telephone of psychological crisis intervention hot-line in Bao’an district of Shenzhen City. Methods From November 2011 to December 2013,581 effective calls via psy-chological healthy hotline in Bao’an district of Shenzhen City were retrospectively analyzed. Results The main charac-teristics of callers were male (58.5%),young people at ages of 19 to 38 years old (87.3%),middle and high school educa-tion (63.2%),and local residents (80.9%).The main help-seeking problems included marriage and emotional problems (39.9%) and neurosis and other general psychological problems (26.5%).The principal help-seeking problems were dif-ferent based on different gender,age,education level,marital status and occupation supplicants (P<0.05).5.2% callers were reported with suicide ideation. Conclusion The psychconsultant hotline and health guidance should be adjusted on target based on the characteristics of population of callers and help-seeking problems.%目的:了解深圳市宝安区心理危机干预热线求助电话的特征。方法对深圳市宝安区心理健康热线2011年11月~2013年12月的581例有效来电进行回顾性分析。结果来电求助者主要特征为男性(58.5%)、19~38岁青年(87.3%)、初高中学历(63.2%)、本区居民(80.9%);主要求助问题为婚姻、情感问题(39.9%)、神经症或其他一般心理问题(26.5%),不同性别、年龄、受教育程度、婚姻状况和职业求助者的主要求助问题不同(P<0.05);有5.2%的求助者报告了自杀意念。结论心理热线和健康指导工作应根据来电人群和求助问题的特征进行有针对性的调整。

  1. Prevalence of injury-related behaviors among 10 middle school students in Changping District of Beijing City%北京市昌平区10所学校中学生伤害相关行为流行状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄艳丽; 崔永强; 刘玉红; 王会松

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]To study the prevalence of injuries among the middle school students in Changping District of Beijing City. [ Methods] Full-time students from 10 middle schools (including key secondary school, key high school, general secondary school, general high school and vocational high school) were selected from Changping District. An anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted on 2 of each kind. [Results]The rates of having no preparation before motion, walk violating regulations, bullying, being bullied, self-mutilation were relatively high whcih was 30. 1% , 36. 2% , 55. 8% , 36. 6% , 33. 5% respectively. The report rate of being bullied and self mutilation of secondary school students was higher than that of high school students, with significant difference. [ Conclusion] High prevalence of injure - related behaviors exists among middle school students in Changping District. Health education program about injury prevention should be conducted among middle school students as soon as possible improve their self-protection consciousness.%目的 了解北京市昌平区中学生伤害发生情况.方法 选取昌平区10所全日制中学学生作为本次调查对象,包括重点初中、重点高中、普通初中、普通高中、职业中学5种学校类型,每种学校类型选取2所学校的学生进行无记名问卷调查.结果 昌平区中学生运动前无准备、步行违规,欺侮、被欺侮、自残报告率较高,分别为30.1%、36.2%、55.8%、36.6%、33.5%.初中生被欺侮和自我伤害的报告率高于高中生,差异有统计学意义.结论 该区中学生中存在多种容易导致伤害的行为,应尽早对中学生进行预防伤害的健康教育,提高中学生自我保护意识.

  2. Study on the Assessment of the Comprehensive Carrying Capacity in Core Grain-production Districts --Taking Shangqiu City, Henan Province as an Example%粮食生产核心区综合承载力评价研究——以河南省商丘市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨建涛; 高建华; 王进学

    2012-01-01

    提高粮食生产核心区综合承载力是实施国家主体功能区战略、推进粮食生产核心区建设的重要价值取向。以综合承载力研究成果为基础,从我国粮食生产核心区城乡三次产业承载水平的角度,初步构建评价区域综合承载力的影响因子和模型,对商丘市2000-2009年城乡三次产业综合承载力实证研究的结果表明:当前农村呈现超载状态,城镇虽尚可载但水平不足,城乡综合承载力与现有人口规模基本持平,区域城镇化和城乡统筹发展有待提速。因此,粮食生产核心区应着力发展现代农业、大力提高城市综合承载力、不断拓展城市市区和功能新区发展空间。%To improve the Comprehensive Carrying Capacity (CCC) in Core Grain-production Districts (CGD) is an important goal for the implementation of Principal Functional Region strategy and the construction of CGD. Based on the researching progress analysis of CCC, this paper initially constructs CCC impact index and the CCC assessment model from the point of urban-rural industrial carrying capacity, and takes Shangqiu City as an example to empirically research its industrial carrying capacity in 2000 -2009. Studies show that the current status of rural CCC is overloading, the urban CCC is strong but can hold on less, the overall level of urban-rural CCC is as fiat as the existing population size. Then it points that regional urbanization and urban- rural coordinating development is to be accelerated. Therefore, to improve CCC, steps should be taken in CGD to pay close attention to modern agriculture, to enhance urban CCC vigorously, and to extend the development space of urban district and new functional districts.

  3. 西安市古汉城遗址高氟区儿童氟牙症现况调查%Survey on fluoride in drinking-water and dental fluorosis of children in Hancheng ancient district of Xi'an city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓转云; 谌淑敏; 田宏良; 赵育民

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To investigate the prevalence of endemic fluorosis in Hancheng district, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and cure of endemic fluorosis in fulture.[Methods]The fluoride content in drinking-water was determined by the fluoride selective ion electrode in the ruins of an ancient city in Hancheng district.The dental teeth of children aged 8~12 years at school was examined with Dean's index The fluoride content in drinking water was detected with F-ion selective electrode.[Results]The dental fluorosis of 457 children aged 8~ 12 years in 11 villages in Hancheng district were examined the total detectable was 177.The detectable rate of dental fluorosis of children aged 8~ 12 years was 16.4 %, tiny patients 57(the prevalence rate was 12.2%), light patients 18 (the prevalence rate was 3.9 %).No moderate and severe patients were oberserved.[Conclusions]The total detectable rate of children dental fluorosis in Hancheng district is 16.4 %, in order to maintain prefect ancient relics in Hancheng district, meanwhile, to improve the present situation of manage and usage for the well of control fluorosis.The most efficient method to deal with a situation preventing drinking water fluorosis is altering water source in order that advance the work of control fluorosis.%[目的]了解西安市古汉城遗址区儿童地方性氟中毒现状,为饮水改造工程的实施提供科学依据.[方法]对古汉城遗址内11个村集中式饮用的井水用氟离子选择电极法对水氟含量进行测定,并用Dean氏法检查8~12岁儿童氟牙症患病情况.[结果]在汉城乡11个高氟村,检查8~12周岁儿童457人,检出氟牙症患者75人,检出率为16.4%,极轻患者57人(检出率为12.2%),轻度患者18人(检出率为3.9%),未见中度和重度氟牙症出现.[结论]古汉城遗址内8~12岁儿童氟牙症检出率16.4%.在保存古汉城遗址完整的同时,政府应加大力度进行饮水改造措施的实施,从根

  4. 2007-2011年烟台市芝罘区居民恶性肿瘤死亡情况分析%Analysis on Deaths Caused by Malignant Tumor in Zhi Fu District, Yantai City, 2007-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王心祥; 张勇; 王筠惠

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the mortality trends of malignant tumors in Zhi Fu district, so as to provide scientific basis for effective control and prevention;[ Method ] The data of death cases from malignancy among residents from 2007~2011 in Zhifu district were analyzed.[Results ] The total mortality of malignant tumor was 150.07 / 105, which was ranked first of all death causes. Themortality of malignant tumor in men was 188.79 /105, which is higher than that in female (112.15 /105 ). The top five death causes by malignant tumor were lung cancer, liver cancer, stomach cancer, colon and recta cancer, pancreatic carcinoma. The mortality in different age groups varied. [Conclusion] Malignant rumor had become common disease which occurred frequently and threaten peopleps health in Zhi Fu district. Health education should be strengthened and healthy life style should be promoted to prevent and control ma lignan t tumor at early t ime.%目的了解烟台市芝罘区居民恶性肿瘤的死亡特征,为有效开展恶性肿瘤的预防和控制提供科学依据.方法对芝罘区2007-2011年居民恶性肿瘤死亡资料进行分析。结果烟台市芝罘区2007-2011年居民恶性肿瘤死亡率为150.07/10万,居全死因第1位,男性死亡率为188.79/10万,女性死亡率为112.15/10万,男性恶性肿瘤死亡率明显高于女性。恶性肿瘤排名前5位是肺癌、肝癌、胃癌、结直肠癌、胰腺癌,不同类别恶性肿瘤变化趋势不同,不同年龄组恶性肿瘤死因不同,且死亡率随着年龄增长而升高。结论恶性肿瘤已成为严重危害我区居民生命和健康的常见病和多发病,是当今导致疾病负担加重的主要疾病,严重危害我区居民健康。今后要从加强健康教育,建立良好生活方式入手,采取以三早为主的综合防治策略。

  5. Investigation on the epidemic of endemic fluorosis in Changping District of Beijing City in 2011%2011年北京市昌平区地方性氟中毒流行现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡旭; 王瑞琴; 李宏通; 隋吉林; 刘重程

    2013-01-01

    目的 为了解降氟改水后昌平区饮水型地方性氟中毒的流行病学概况及消长趋势,为今后的防治工作提供科学依据.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法在昌平区氟中毒流行区按轻、中、重病区共抽查6个病区村,调查改水情况,改水设施运转情况和监测居民户饮用水氟含量,依照Dean氏氟斑牙分度法对8~12岁儿童和30岁以上成年人进行氟斑牙调查并检测8~12岁儿童的尿氟含量.结果 检测饮用水12份,水氟值均符合不高于1.0 mg/L的标准.调查8~12岁学龄儿童145名,氟斑牙患病率为16.55%,氟斑牙指数0.56,尿氟均数为0.80 mg/L.共调查30岁以上成人460人,氟斑牙患病率为67.72%.结论 改水20年昌平区氟中毒病情总体呈下降趋势.%[Objective]To explore the prevalence of endemic fluorosis and its trends in Changping District after drinking water improvement, and provide scientific evidence for the disease control and prevention. [Methods]Six villages were selected in Changping District by stratified and clustered sampling according to the distribution feature of disease area. Dental fluorosis of 8 to 12 year old children and the adults who were older than 30 years were examined in the selected spots according to the Dean' s dental fluorosis indexing. The urine fluorine content of above children was also detected. [ Results] A total of 12 samples of drinking water were detected, fluorine content all met the standard of ≤1.0 mg/L. There were 145 children were surveyed and the dental fluorosis prevalence rate was 16.55%. The index was 0.56. Average urine fluorine of children was 0. 80 mg/L. There were 460 adults were surveyed and the dental fluorosis prevalence rate was 67. 72%. [ Conclusion] The overall prevalence of fluorosis is descending in Changping District after 20 years of water improvement.

  6. 2005-2010年沈阳市大东区风疹流行特征分析%Epidemic Characteristics of Rubella in Dadong District of Shenyang City during 2005 -2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴颖; 吕莉

    2011-01-01

    目的 掌握沈阳市大东区风疹流行特征和发病强度,为评价风疹防制规划实施效果提供准确依据.方法 利用描述流行病学方法分析该区风疹疫情资料.结果 2005-2010年沈阳市大东区风疹年均发病率为62.67/10万;男女性别比为1.44:1,男性发病率为72.98/10万,女性发病率为52.11/10万(P<0.01);4、5月份病例数占全年的61.04%,春季发病高峰明显;学生发病占59.75%,职业高峰明显;10 ~24岁年龄组占74.11%,青少年高发趋势明显.结论 该区应加强组织领导,落实各项预防控制措施;搞好卫生宣传和健康教育,提高卫生知识水平;加强培训,提高专业人员的技术水平和应急处理能力;加强监测预警,及时发现疫情流行态势;做好应急处理工作,有效控制疫情蔓延.%[Objective]To understand the epidemic characteristics and incidence intensity of rubella in Dadong district, and provide an accurate basis for the effect evaluation rubella control program. [ Methods] Descriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the rubella epidemic data. [ Results] Rubella annual incidence rate was 62.67/100 000 in Dadong district from 2005 to 2010. The sex ratio of male to female was 1.44:1, and incidence rate was 72.98/100 000 and 32.11/100 000 respectively for male and female (P < 0.01). The number of cases accounted for 61.04% from April to May with obvious peak incidence in spring. 59.75% patients were students, with markedly occupational peak. 74.11% were adolescent aged 10-24 years, with obvious high incidence among adolescent. [Conclusion]This district should strengthen organizational leadership, implement prevention and control measures, improve promotion and education of health knowledge, improve the professional skills and emergency response capabilities by training, detect epidemic situation in time by strengthening monitoring and warning and effectively control the epidemic spread by emergency work.

  7. 深圳市福田区136家企业职业危害现状调查%Occupational hazards survey of 136 enterprises in Futian district of Shenzhen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑晓钧; 王永刚; 蒋立新; 李建东; 李汉锋

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the distribution of occupational hazards and the status of occupational health management of enterprises in Futian District.Methods "National survey of professional health(employing unit's questionnaire)"was used to survey for 136 enterprises in Futian District.Results Consisting of the 136 enterprises,mainly were private enterprises of middle and small size,31011 employees were actually involved in the total,while 3328 workers were contacted occupational hazard factors.The main occupational hazards of enterprises were chemical poisons (92/136,67.65 %) and physical factors (92/136,67.65 %).The production of occupational hazard factors in enterprises,mainly were noise (84/136,61.76 %),benzene,toluene and xylene (73/136,53.68%),particles not otherwise regulated (48/136,35.29%) and n-hexane (21/136,15.44%).Quite a part of enterprises did not take occupational health management measures.Conclusion It's required to improve the occupational health management of government supervision,two administrative means should be adhered to:education and administrative punishment,to improve the occupational hazard status of this district.%目的 了解福田区职业危害分布情况和企业职业卫生管理现状.方法 使用《全国职业健康状况调查(用人单位调查表)》,对福田区136家企业进行调查.结果 136家企业以中小型的非国有企业为主,实际从业人数31 011人,其中接触职业病危害因素的人数为3 328人;企业存在的职业病危害因素以化学毒物(92/136,67.65%)和物理因素为主(92/136,67.65%);企业产生的职业病危害因素以噪声(84/136,61.76%)、三苯(73/136,53.68%)其他粉尘(48/136,35.29%)和正己烷(21/136,15.44%)最为常见;相当一部分企业没有落实职业卫生管理措施.结论 福田区的职业卫生管理工作有待加强,应坚持以引导教育为主、行政处罚为辅的行政管理手段,逐步改善辖区企业的职业危害状况.

  8. Study on incidence and features of molecular epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhea in Longgang District,Shenzhen City%深圳市幼儿轮状病毒腹泻发病及分子流行病学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林少杰; 刘渠

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解深圳市龙岗区幼儿轮状病毒(Rotavirus,RV)腹泻发病情况及分子流行病学特征,为实施RV免疫规划提供依据.方法 分析2009年深圳市龙岗区疫情监测系统中5岁以下婴幼儿感染性腹泻的发病情况,用酶联免疫吸附试验(ELISA)检测腹泻患儿粪便中RV,然后采用逆转录-聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)方法对提取的RV-RNA做基因分型.结果 2009年调查地区各级监测医院共报告5岁以下感染性腹泻儿童5893例,其中RV阳性2303例,阳性率为39.1%.随着年龄增大,儿童RV阳性率逐渐减小,且差别有统计学意义(P<0.01).1月~(41.8%)和10月~(43.9%)两个季节腹泻儿童RV阳性率高于4月~(30.8%)和7月~(26.8%)(P<0.01).男性与女性患儿RV检出率高于女性患儿,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).在随机抽取100份经ELISA检测RV阳性的2303份标本中,RT-PCR法进行轮状病毒基因G、P分型,分型率为64.0%,其中P8G3为主要流行型,占所有分型的42.0%.结论 RV是深圳市婴幼儿秋冬季腹泻最主要的病原体,以G3型为主,可作为研究RV疫苗的主要血清型.%Aim To analyze the incidenee and features of molecular epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhea in Longgang District of Shenzhen in 2009. Methods The incidence of rotavirus diarrhea from the surveillance systems of infectious diarrhea in infants less than 5 years in Longgang District in 2009 was analyzed. Rotavirus were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and serotyping were performed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). Results A total of 5 893 infectious diarrhea cases under 5 years in the hospitals monitored in Longgang District were reported including 2 303 cases positive for rotavirus with the positive rate of 39.1%. Rotavirus positive rate gradually reduced along with the increase of age(P<0.01 ). and the positive rates of rotavirus from January to March was 41.8% and 43.9% from October to Decembe higher than

  9. Survey on Status of Obesity Among Urban Pupils in Lengshuitan District of Yongzhou City%永州市冷水滩区城市小学生肥胖状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明玲

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解冷水滩区城市小学生肥胖状况,分析其影响原因,制定干预措施.方法 采用整群随机抽样方法对学生健康体检资料进行性别、年龄肥胖发生状况的调查.结果 2010年调查9096名学生,肥胖检出率12.5%,其中男生20.1%、女生3.1%;2011年调查8766名学生,肥胖检出率13.7%,其中男生21.2%、女生3.9%,男生显著高于女生(P<0.01).结论 该区小学生男生肥胖检出率较高.应采用科学的、有针对性的、运用多种传播方式开展学校健康教育和健康促进活动,提高老师、家长和学生关于降低小学生肥胖发生率的健康素养.%Objective To investigate the status of obesity in urban primary school students of Lengshuitan District, to analyze the influencing factors, and to formulate intervention measures. Methods The objects were enrolled by cluster random sampling method. The obesity status of the pupils was surveyed through the data of the pupils' health examinations and was analyzed on gender and age basis. Results A total of 9,096 pupils were surveyed in 2010. The detection rate of obesity was 12.5%, 20.1% for boys and 3.1% for girls. A total of 8,766 pupils were surveyed in 2011. The detection rate of obesity was 13.7%, 21.2% for boys and 3.9% forgirls. The detection rate of obesity in boys was significantly higher than that in girls (P <0.01). Conclusions The detection rate of obesity in male pupils of Lengshuitan District is higher. Scientific and targeted health education and health promotion activities should be conducted in primary schools through a variety of communication methods so as to improve health literacy about reducing the incidence of obesity in teachers, parents and pupils.

  10. 2009-2011年深圳市福田区流感样病例流行特征%Analysis on epidemiological characteristics of influenza-like illness in Futian District of Shenzhen City from 2009-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段利娜; 黄慈林; 石向辉; 牛姬飞

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To analyze the surveillance results of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Futian District of Shenzhen from 2009-2011, explore the trend of epidemic situation, and discuss the prevention and control measures after pandemic influenza of H1N1. [Methods] According to the National influenza surveillance program (Trial) , ILI cases and the nasopharyngeal swab samples were collected from the sentinel hospitals, MDCK cells were used for influenza virus isolation, and the hemagglutination inhibition test was applied to identify influenza virus type. [Results]From 2009-2011, a total of 25 654 cases of ILI were reported, and average ITL% was 5. 09% . Among 1061 throat swab samples, there were 335 influenza strains with the positive rate of 31.57%. [ Conclusion] The epidemiologic peak of influenza is June to July with a small peak in March in Futian District, and the virus subtypes of influenza have occurred alternately. After the pandemic influenza of H1N1 in 2009, variant influenza virus is not found.%目的 分析深圳市福田区2009-2011年流感样病例(ILI)监测结果,探讨流感大流行后疫情趋势与预防控制对策.方法 根据《全国流感监测方案(试行)》,收集哨点医院ILI就诊数,采集流感样病例鼻咽拭子,采用MDCK细胞进行流感病毒分离,采用血凝抑制试验进行流感病毒型别的鉴定.结果 3年累计报告流感样病例25 654例,平均ITL%为5.09%,共采集ILI咽拭子标本1 061份,分离到阳性菌株335份,阳性率为31.57%.结论 福田区流感流行高峰在6-7月,3月有1个小高峰,各亚型交替出现.2009年H1N1流感大流行后,未监测到流感变异毒株.

  11. Investigation and analysis on postpartum depression in Wanzhou district in Chongqing city%重庆市万州区产后抑郁症的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包彬; 殷俊峰; 刘恋

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To understand the prevalence and related influencing factors of po.stpartum deprcssion in parturient women in Wanzhou district. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted in 2 000 parturient women by general individual questionnaire and Edinburgh postnatal depression scale. Results: The incidence of postpartum depression in parturient women of Wanzhou district was 33. 93% , which was high in younger and rural parturient women; the incidence of postpartum depression was low in the parturient women whose age gap with their husbands was 5—10 years; pregnancy complications, low economic, income, nervous relationship with husbands and mothers — in — law, troubled sleep, and poor development of neonates were related to postpartum depression. Conclusion: The occurrence of postpartum depression is related to many factors, the psychosomatic status of pregnant women should he paid more attention to, measures should be taken timely for intervention and treatment.%目的:了解重庆市万州区产妇产后抑郁症的患病情况及可能的影响因素.方法:对2 000例产妇采用一般个人情况调查表及Edinburgh艾氏产后抑郁量表(EPDS)进行问卷调查.结果:万州区产妇产后抑郁症的患病率为33.93%,年龄较小的产妇、农村产妇患病率较高;与丈夫年龄差距在5~10岁者患病率较低;该次妊娠存在合并症、产妇经济收入较低、与丈夫和婆婆关系紧张、平时睡眠较差以及新生儿发育较差与产后抑郁症的发生有关.结论:产后抑郁症的发生与多种因素有关,医务人员及家属应关注孕产妇的身心状况,及早采取措施干预和治疗.

  12. Analysis of the measles epidemic trend in Donghe district of Baotou city during year 1959-2008%1959~2008年包头市东河区麻疹流行趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳霞

    2014-01-01

    Objective To understand the epidemic trend of measles in Donghe District during the year 1959 ~ 2008,to fully grasp the epidemic dynamics of measles,and provide scientific basis for developing measles elimination strategy. Methods We collect the data of measles report through a method of retrospective survey,using excell2003 for statistical data processing. Results The incidence rate of measles and the constituent ratio of Donghe District,were overall downward trend.Spring is the peak of the disease,the age of onset ranged from 3 months to 50 years old,childhood had the highest incidence of the disease. Conclusion To strengthen Routine vaccination of measles vaccine for floating population,to develop measles antibody detection in a specific population,timely replant measles vaccine to prevent measles outbreaks and rebound.%目的:了解1959~2008年东河区麻疹的流行趋势,全面掌握麻疹的流行动态,为制订消除麻疹策略提供科学依据。方法用回顾性调查的方法搜集了麻疹疫情报告资料并用Excel2003对数据进行统计处理。结果东河区麻疹的发病率、发病构成总体呈下降趋势,春季是发病的高峰期,发病年龄介于3个月~50岁之间,儿童发病数最多。结论加强对流动人口麻疹疫苗的常规接种,在特定人群中开展麻疹抗体检测,及时进行麻疹疫苗补种,防止出现麻疹疫情反弹。

  13. 北京市顺义区2006-2010年风疹流行病学分析%Epidemiological Analysis of Rubella in Shunyi District of Beijing City during 2006-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐莹; 王凤双; 肖雷; 吴殚; 冯冉

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解北京市顺义区2006-2010年风疹流行病学特征,为控制风疹提供依据.方法利用传染病检测信息系统收集预防流行病学和实验室监测等资料,采取描述流行病学分析法分析顺义区风疹流行病学特征.结果顺义区2006-2010年风疹报告发病率分别为14.55/10万、14.82/10万、15.08/10万、1.32/10万和30.72/10万.学校及托幼机构风疹病例数分别占80.00%、53.91% 、41.88%、18.18%和38.67%.7起暴发及突发疫情中6起发生于学校,123例暴发病例中105例无免疫史或免疫史不详.结论学校是风疹防控的重点,今后应加强在校学生风疹疫苗的免疫接种,加强学校疫情监测,以降低风疹发病,预防控制风疹暴发.%[Objective]To know epidemiological characteristics of rubella in Shunyi District during 2006 -2010, and provide evi-dence for rubella prevention and control. [Methods] Descriptive epidemiology was adopted to analyze the epidemic data and laborato-ry monitoring data from Infectious Diseases Information Systems. [ Results] The reported rubella incidence rate of Shunyi District were 14.55/100 000, 14. 82/100 000, 15.08/100 000, 1.32/100 000 and 30.72/100 000 during 2006 - 2010. The proportions of rubel-la cases in schools and kindergartens were 80.00% , 53.91% , 41.88% , 18.18% and 38.67%. 6 out of 7 outbreaks occurred in schools, 105 out of 123 cases in outbreaks did not have immunization history or had unknown immunization history. [Conclusion] School is the key place for prevention and control of rubella, the rubella vaccine immunization and surveillance in school should be strengthened to reduce the incidence of rubella, and prevent the outbreaks.

  14. Survey on nutrition status among 587 technicians in Urban District, Suzhou City%苏州市区587名技工营养健康状况调查及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞莉; 汝骅

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the nutrition status of the technicians in urban district,Suzhou,and provide basis for the intervention in the target population. Methods Data of physical examination, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, blood sugar and hemoglobin were collected and statistically analyzed. Results Among all the age groups investigated, the low-body-weight ratio in the 0.05). Conclusions Among the technicians in urban district of Suzhou, malnutrition and anemia coexist with obesity. Elevated blood pressure mainly occurred in young people,especially in female, while elevated blood sugar occurred in male and the elderly. Health education and intervention should be taken on the ground of age and gender.%目的 了解苏州市区技术工人群体的营养健康状况,为有目的地开展健康干预提供依据.方法 收集技工体检数据,对体质指数(BMI)、血压、血糖、血红蛋白等指标进行统计分析.结果 被调查者中<30岁年龄组低体重率最高达23%;而超重、肥胖率有随年龄而增加的趋势(P<0.01);达到贫血标准者皆为女性;出现血糖增高的人员50%以上处于<30岁年龄段;单因素方差分析和多元线性回归分析显示,BMI与年龄、性别显著相关(P<0.01);性别、BMI、年龄对血压水平的影响有显著性(P<0.01,P<0.05);年龄对血糖水平的影响有显著性(P<0.01);血红蛋白水平与BMI和年龄均无相关性(P>0.05).结论 苏州市区技工中营养缺乏、贫血主要出现在年轻人尤其是女性,肥胖、血压及血糖偏高以男性及中老年人较明显.对技工应按年龄和性别有针对性地开展健康教育及干预.

  15. Case Analysis of Food Hygiene Administration Punishment in Taijiang District Fuzhou City from 2006 to 2007%2006~2007年福州市台江区食品卫生行政处罚案例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡建文; 黄芳

    2009-01-01

    [Objective]In order to know and analyze the problems lying in Taijiang District catering service,discuss the expcriences of hygiene law implementation and the clements which afffect hygiene practice , master the hygiene supervision's rules and key point, provide the basis for legislating policy in the future and establish valid hygiene implementation supervision system and improve hygiene administration supervision skills and levels, [Methods]Statistics and analysis are carried for food hygiene administration punishment to 126 accidents accursed in Taijiang District's catering service from 2006 to 2007. [Results]The higher irregularity rate mostly lies in production processing and catering industry. Among which violation of the eighth article of food health law occupies the biggest proportion(44.28%). And the second quarter is a peak season in which the cases take place(50. 79 %). In the aspect of supervision law enforcement,the punishment measures in the same case differ a lot. [Conclusion]Education on food hygiene law for food service employees must be strengthcned and training for hygiene law enforcement officials must be carried out to improve the law enforcement quality.%[目的]了解和分析台江区饮食服务行业存在的问题及原因,讨论卫生执法的经验及影响卫生执法的因素,掌握卫生监督工作的规律和监督重点,为今后制定政策方针提供依据及建立有效的卫生执法监督体系,提高卫生行政监管能力和水平.[方法]对台江区2006~2007年饮食服务行业的126起食品卫生行政处罚案例进行调查统计分析.[结果]违法发生率较高的主要是生产加工业及饮食业,违反第八条占比例最大(44.28%),第2季度是案例高发季节(50.79%);在监督执法方面,相同案例的处罚力度存在较大差别.[结论]建议加强对食品服务行业的从业人员进行教育,同时加强卫生执法人员的执法培训,提高执法质量.

  16. 四川省成都市武侯区居民健康素养状况调查%Survey of health literacy among residents in Wuhou District of Chengdu City, Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方开翼

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the status of health literacy among residents of Wuhou District, Sichuan Province, to provide evidence for formulating and evaluating policies and intervention measures of health education. Methods 400 residents from 4 communities of Wuhou District were selected by stratified cluster random sampling and surveyed by face-to-face interview. Results The proportion of residents who held health literacy was 27. 0%. 32. 5% of residents had basic health knowledge and concept 18.0% of them held health behaviors. 46. 3% of them had basic health skills. In terms of five aspects of health literacy, 38.3% of residents had scientific health concept 36. 8% of them had the knowledge about infectious disease prevention. 13.0% of them held the literacy of chronic disease prevention. 76. 3% of them held safety and first aid literacy. 16. 3% of them had basic medical literacy. Conclusion Health promotion and health intervention should be focused on the areas in where the residents' literacy levels were low.%对四川省成都市武侯区居民健康素养水平进行调查,为制定健康教育政策、干预措施提供依据.方法 选取武侯区2个城区街道和2个农村街道,随机抽取400名居民进行问卷调查.结果 居民具备健康素养的总体水平为27.0%,具备基本知识和理念素养的占32.5%;具备健康生活方式与行为的占18.0%;具备基本健康技能的占46.3%.针对5类健康问题的健康素养,具备科学健康观的占38.3%,具备传染病预防素养的占36.8%,具备慢性病预防素养的占13.0%,具备安全与急救素养的占76.3%,具备基本医疗素养的占16.3%.结论 针对居民对5类健康问题知晓率较低的部分,重点加强健康促进和干预.

  17. 遵义市红花岗区艾滋病疫情分析%An Analysis on Epidemic Situation of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in Honghuagang District in Zunyi City and Adjustment of Its Prevention and Cure Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明杰; 卢太书

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the epidemic status of acquired immune deficiency syndrome ( AIDS) in Honghuagang district, analyze the affecting factors, and so as to adjust prevention and cure strategies effectively. Methods: AIDS monitoring was carried out in high risk crowds such as drug users, sex workers, gay men, pregnant women and prisoners. Ethology data were analyzed. Prevention and cure effects were evaluated. Results: Since 2003 that the demonstration area of integrated AIDS prevention and control began to work, effectiveness of AIDS prevention and control has become remarkable in this region, showing as establishment of an effective working system, and gradual strengthening of intervention to behavior of high-risk groups. Conclusions: AIDS integrated prevention and control measures in Honghuagang district are suitable. The effects are significant. Reinforcing AIDS prevention and cure work among sex workers and gay men should be emphasized in adjusting of prevention and control strategies.%目的:了解艾滋病疫情现状,分析艾滋病流行因素,为有效调整艾滋病防治策略提供依据.方法:对吸毒人群、性服务者、男-男性行为人群、孕妇及在押人员等高危人群或重点人群作HIV监测,依据1998-2009年的调查资料和监测数据分析其行为学资料,评价防治效果.结果:1998-2003年报告5例艾滋病感染者,1998-2009年共感染123例,2009年艾滋病感染者52例;各类调查人群对艾滋病知晓率提高,性服务人群安全套使用率87.1%(2008年),2009年美沙酮治疗人数1 411人.结论:红花岗区艾滋病综合防治措施效果显著.

  18. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbelin, Bruno; Lasserre, Sebastien; Ciger, Jan

    2008-01-01

    Flying Cities is an artistic installation which generates imaginary cities from the speech of its visitors. Thanks to an original interactive process analyzing people's vocal input to create 3D graphics, a tangible correspondence between speech and visuals opens new possibilities of interaction....... This cross-modal interaction not only supports our artistic messages, but also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from her/his speech activity. As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective is now to cross the bridge between art...

  19. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciger, Jan

    2006-01-01

    The Flying Cities artistic installation brings to life imaginary cities made from the speech input of visitors. In this article we describe the original interactive process generating real time 3D graphics from spectators' vocal inputs. This example of cross-modal interaction has the nice property....... As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective now is to cross the bridge between art and the potential applications to the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or for the treatment of language impairments....

  20. 36 CFR 28.3 - Boundaries: The Community Development District; The Dune District; The Seashore District.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Boundaries: The Community... General Provisions § 28.3 Boundaries: The Community Development District; The Dune District; The Seashore... Community Development District, the Seashore District, and the Dune District. (b) The Community...

  1. Fiscal 1999 report on basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs. Feasibility study on energy saving and environmental improvement for Radom City district cogeneration station; 1999 nendo Radom shi chiiki netsuden heikyu station sho energy oyobi kankyo kaizen kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Pursuant to the COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) protocol, studies are conducted on a district cogeneration station for Radom City, Poland. Using the annual load pattern of heat supply, cogeneration will be built only for the amount that covers utilization factors not lower than a specified level, and the shortage in winter when the load is heavy due to demand for heat will be dealt with by the existing hot water boilers. Daily change in load is to be covered by a new, additional boiler which will bear 20% of the whole output. The system is a natural gas fired turbine cogenerator, and hot water is supplied by a waste heat recovery boiler. Cogeneration will cover 80% of the annual heat supply. As for heat supply capability, it is set at 72MWt with the additional boiler taken into account, and 35MWe is to be generated. Heat efficiency will increase to be higher than 80%, coal consumption will decrease, and 28,117 tons/year in terms of oil will be saved with the increase in natural gas consumption subtracted. CO2 reduction will also be as large as 206,000 tons/year, decreasing air pollutants. Provided that 4.336-billion yen for facilities are financed by Japan's environmental yen loan, Poland's National Fund, and Radom City's own fund, IRR (internal rate of return) on investment will be fairly good at 10% in 30 years of operation. Investment will be recovered in nine years and there is no problem in cash flow. (NEDO)

  2. 76 FR 6839 - ActiveCore Technologies, Inc., Battery Technologies, Inc., China Media1 Corp., Dura Products...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ... Entertainment Corp. (n/k/a Reorganized Magna Entertainment Corp.), and 649 Com, Inc. (n/k/a Infinite Holdings... a lack of current and accurate information concerning the securities of Magna Entertainment Corp. (n/k/a Reorganized Magna Entertainment Corp.) because it has not filed any periodic reports since...

  3. [Assessment of landscape ecological security and optimization of landscape pattern based on spatial principal component analysis and resistance model in arid inland area: A case study of Ganzhou District, Zhangye City, Northwest China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Jing-hu; Liu, Xiao

    2015-10-01

    Starting from ecological environment of inland river in arid area, the distribution of ecological security pattern of Ganzhou District was obtained by using the theory of landscape ecology, spatial principal component analysis (SPCA) and GIS techniques. Ten factors such as altitude, slope, soil erosion, vegetation coverage, and distance from road, were selected as the constraint conditions. According to the minimum cumulative resistance (MCR) model of landscape, the ecological corridor and nodes were established to optimize the structure and function of ecological function network. The results showed that the comprehensive ecological security situation of the research area was on the average. Area of moderate level of security was 1318.7 km2, being the largest and accounting for 36.7% of the research area. The area of low level of security was mainly located in the northern part and accounted for 19.9% of the study area. With points, lines and surfaces being interlaced, a regional ecological network was constructed, which was consisted of six ecological corridor, 14 ecological nodes, a large ecological source region and a plurality of small area source region, and could effectively improve ecological security level of the study area. PMID:26995922

  4. From Zero Energy Buildings to Zero Energy Districts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polly, Ben; Kutscher, Chuck; Macumber, Dan; Schott, Marjorie; Pless, Shanti; Livingood, Bill; Van Geet, Otto

    2016-08-26

    Some U.S. cities are planning advanced districts that have goals for zero energy, water, waste, and/or greenhouse gas emissions. From an energy perspective, zero energy districts present unique opportunities to cost-effectively achieve high levels of energy efficiency and renewable energy penetration across a collection of buildings that may be infeasible at the individual building scale. These high levels of performance are accomplished through district energy systems that harness renewable and wasted energy at large scales and flexible building loads that coordinate with variable renewable energy supply. Unfortunately, stakeholders face a lack of documented processes, tools, and best practices to assist them in achieving zero energy districts. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is partnering on two new district projects in Denver: the National Western Center and the Sun Valley Neighborhood. We are working closely with project stakeholders in their zero energy master planning efforts to develop the resources needed to resolve barriers and create replicable processes to support future zero energy district efforts across the United States. Initial results of these efforts include the identification and description of key zero energy district design principles (maximizing building efficiency, solar potential, renewable thermal energy, and load control), economic drivers, and master planning principles. The work has also resulted in NREL making initial enhancements to the U.S. Department of Energy's open source building energy modeling platform (OpenStudio and EnergyPlus) with the long-term goal of supporting the design and optimization of energy districts.

  5. Influencing Swedish homeowners to adopt district heating system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Improved energy efficiency and greenhouse gas mitigation could be achieved by replacing resistance heaters with district heating system. In 2005, only about 8% of the Swedish detached houses had district heating system. The expansion of such systems largely depends on homeowners' adoption decisions. And, to motivate homeowners to adopt district heating, it is essential to understand their decision-making process. In this context, in June 2005 we carried out a questionnaire survey of about 700 homeowners who lived in the city of Ostersund in houses with resistance heaters (baseline survey). About 84% of the respondents did not intend to install a new heating system. Since then these homeowners were influenced by (a) an investment subsidy by the Swedish government to replace resistance heaters with district heating, a brine/water-based heat pump, or a biomass-based heating system and (b) a marketing campaign by the municipality-owned district heating company. This paper analyses how these two measures influenced about 78% of the homeowners to adopt the district heating system. For this purpose we carried out a follow-up survey of the same homeowners in December 2006 (resurvey). Results showed that the investment subsidy and the marketing campaign created a need among the homeowners to adopt a new heating system. The marketing campaign was successful in motivating them to adopt the district heating system. The marketing strategy by the district heating company corresponds to the results obtained in the baseline survey

  6. An Empirical Study of the School Zone Law in Three Cities in Massachusetts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brownsberger, William N.; Aromaa, Susan

    This study of the 1989 Massachusetts' School Anti-Drug law reviewed 443 drug dealing cases in three cities. After selecting cities and drug dealing cases, researchers reviewed District Attorney case files and extracted selected data items (primarily from police reports). They mapped incident locations, schools, and parks in the cities; computed…

  7. Discussion on the Central Business District of a City Bus Priority Traffic Planning%城市中心商业区公交优先的交通规划的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘维彬; 祖宇聪

    2013-01-01

    bus priority is a system engineering, it relates to the transformation of city traffic development strategy and system of the existing mechanism of city planning, and the concept of people, and it is not just a bus and taxi in the way of use preference, but the vast majority of people in the priority traffic. The most important is, in the"three factors of human, vehicle, road traffic management", in the limited road conditions to solve the smooth road and vehicle growth problem, we should fol ow the principle of people-oriented, considering that most people travel convenience.%  公交优先是一个系统的工程,它涉及到城市总体规划、城市交通发展战略和现行的体制机制及人们观念的转变,而且它不仅仅是指公交车和出租车在路权使用上的优先,而是指绝大多数人在交通出行方面的优先。最重要的是,在“人、车、路”交通管理的三要素当中,要在有限的道路条件下解决好道路通畅和车辆增长的问题,我们要遵循以人为本的原则,考虑到多数人出行方便的情况。

  8. INSTANT CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2013-01-01

    emphasis has been laid on creating a vivid, and engaging social environment in order to create a lab for social, and architectural experi- ments. These goals challenge the city planning as well as the urban sce- nography. The article addresses the research questions: What kind of city life and social......This article analyses Roskilde Festival as an Instant City. For more than 40 years, Roskilde Festival has had many thousands participants for a weeklong festival on music, performances and cultural experiences in a layout designed as an urban environment. During the last ten years, in- creasing...... experiments are taking place in ‘the instant city’, and how can it be characterized? It also emphasizes the relation between city life, urban design, and the aesthetics of architecture and urban spaces. The question here is, in what way architecture and urban scenography are used as tools to support the goal...

  9. City Streets

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data set contains roadway centerlines for city streets found on the USGS 1:24,000 mapping series. In some areas, these roadways are current through the 2000...

  10. [Sustainable Strategies for Health Promotion in Urban Districts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Große, J; Menkouo, C; Grande, G

    2015-09-01

    In a city district striving to sustainably develop into a healthy living environment for its residents, cooperation with locally active players as well as network management and the inclusion of citizens and local businesses as non-professional multipliers are particularly promising strategies for developing effective ways of promoting health and integrating them into existing structures in order to reach the target group.

  11. Beautiful city

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino

    2009-01-01

    Proponents of the City Beautiful movement advocated for sizable public investments in monumental spaces, street beautification, and classical architecture. Today, economists and policymakers see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract people and jobs to cities. But past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisure amenities for urban growth and development. In this article, Jerry Carlino uses a new data set on the number of leisure tourist ...

  12. City Beautiful

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino; Saiz, Albert

    2008-01-01

    The City Beautiful movement, which in the early 20th century advocated city beautification as a way to improve the living conditions and civic virtues of the urban dweller, had languished by the Great Depression. Today, new urban economic theorists and policymakers are coming to see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract population, especially the highly skilled and their employers. However, past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisur...

  13. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    M Batty

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  14. Sustainable cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Sustainable City Project, a collaboration among the cities of Portland, Oregon, and San Francisco and San Jose, California, aims at developing and implementing sustainable energy planning methods and programs for cites. For a period of two years (1989-90), the three project cities worked in parallel, yet pursued independent courses to develop appropriate sustainable urban energy practices to meet local needs and aspirations. Central to the Sustainable City Project was finding ways to manage today's urban energy needs without jeopardizing the needs of future generations. Sustainability implies that nothing should go to waste, but rather should contribute to the proper balance between the natural environment and the built environment Sustainable urban energy systems encompass more than energy efficiency and energy conservation measures: they must be diverse, flexible, self-reliant, renewable, and integrated. Since local governments make decisions affecting land use, building codes, transportation systems, waste disposal, and power plants--all of which impact energy resource use--local jurisdictions can do much to ensure their own sustainable future. This paper will present an accounting of the specific steps that each city took to determine and begin implementation of their respective approaches to sustainable energy planning, with a specific focus on the City of San Jose activities. Useful tools for facilitating community process, program planning and implementation, and quantitative analysis will also be discussed

  15. United States Marine Corps Expeditionary Rifle Squad Communications

    OpenAIRE

    Amin, Kruna; Dixon, Jeffrey; Hunt, Kathryn; Manternach, Peter; Roach, Brenda; Bochenek, Larry; Elgart, Richard; Jeleniewski, Yancy; Reap, Jonathan; Song, Brian

    2009-01-01

    This CAPSTONE Report documents the Systems Engineering (SE) efforts of "Team Marine," from JAN 2009 to SEP 2009, in developing a recommendation to the US Marine Corps Systems Command (MCSC), on the best course of action to 'Enhance the USMC Expeditionary Rifle Squad Communications System.' The squad leader is the cornerstone for USMC tactical operations. Clear, concise, accurate and reliable communications to and from the squad leader is the key to squad operations, performance and tactical ...

  16. Navy/Marine Corps Demonstrations of the DARPA Microsats

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel, Walter; Bruninga, Robert

    1992-01-01

    Demonstrations of the DARPA Microsats with an emphasis on Navy and Marine Corps applications were conducted by personnel at the United States Naval Academy. These satellite communications demonstrations used the analog FM mode of the Microsats. Radios used were military transceivers, transmitters composed of laboratory signal generators with broadband power amplifiers, a modified amateur radio UHF transmitter, and commercially-available scanner receivers. Voice demonstrations included equipme...

  17. Development of a Civil Engineer Corps community portal prototype

    OpenAIRE

    Rader, Neil Christopher.

    2002-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The Civil Engineer Corps (CEC) is a relatively small Navy community consisting of approximately 1300 officers. Billets for the CEC are located around the world, and the community requires the ability to disseminate information as efficiently as possible to all corners of the world. Currently, information resources are available in both print and electronic forms in numerous locations. This thesis explores the concept of providing a sin...

  18. Civil Engineer Corps accessions: forecasting interview requirements and travel budgets

    OpenAIRE

    Sisson, Max

    2008-01-01

    MBA Professional Report The purpose of this MBA Project is to provide insight into interview requirements and travel budgets for the Civil Engineer Corps accessions team through the use of forecasting. The goal of this project is to provide a forecasting model that can predict interview requirements and form the basis for constructing travel budgets and estimates. The primary tool utilized is spreadsheet modeling to include extensive linear regression analysis. Additional insight is pr...

  19. Strategic analysis of Integrated ProAction Corp.

    OpenAIRE

    Ketter, Darryl Bevin

    2006-01-01

    Integrated ProAction Corp (IPAC) has operated in the forestry consulting industry since 1992, offering diverse services to four primary market segments. The forestry consulting industry has become less attractive since 2002. Profits at IPAC are down in 2006, and sustainable shareholder value is compromised. A new marketing strategy is required. Labor is the most important input. Appropriate human resources policies are needed to support and implement the business and marketing strategies. Thi...

  20. A model of career orientation for military Nurse Corps Officers.

    OpenAIRE

    Lensing, Susan B.

    1984-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The purpose of this thesis was to investigate whether the perception of alternative job factors affected the career orientation of military Nurse Corps officers in both their initial and non-initial period of service obligation. The sample was selected from the 1978 Department of Defense Survey of Officer and Enlisted Personnel conducted by the Rand Corporation. Nurses were divided into career orientation groups ac...